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В презентации содержатся разнообразные виды упражнений к уроку английского языка в 8 классе "Окружающая среда"
МБОУ - Плотниковская СОШ №111 Новосибирского района Новосибирской области. Проект »Окружающая среда» Учитель английского языка высшей категории Мартынова Наталья Николаевна. 2010 г. Environment Objectives : 1. To summerize the material on the topic. 2. To check and consolidate the vocabulary studied in the unit. 3. To check and consolidate speaking , listening , reading skills. Trees. dictionary words Trees Match the words on the left with those on the right. 1. a further strain a) dimensions 2. available b) total 3. scale c) destruction of forest 4. endangered species d) amount of rain every year 5. annual precipitation e) large 6. extensive f) need 7. environmental damage g) within one’s reach 8. demand for smth h) harm done to nature 9. deforestation i) an additional pressure 10. complete j) animals or plants almost extinct The most accute ecological problems : 1. Air pollution 2. Water pollution 3. Acid rain 4. Ozone depletion 5. Greenhouse effect 6. Animals extinction Quiz. 1) The main component of the air we breathe is: a) Oxygen (O) b) Nitrogen (N) c) Hydrogen (H) d) Carbon (C) 2) Quite a bit of the Earth’s surface is covered with water. How much ? a) About a quarter b) About three eighths c) About a half d) About seven tenths 3) What has happened to the world’s population since the turn of the century? a) Stayed the same b) Almost doubled c) More than trebled d) Multiplied itself ten times Quiz. 4) The biggest city in today’s world is: a) Tokyo b) Mexico city c) Shanghai d )New York 5) What is the biggest river in the world? a) The Nile b) The Mississippi - Missouri c) The Amazon d) The Ganges 6) Which one of these animals does not live in water? a) A rhinoceros b) A seal c) A walrus d) A whale Quiz. 7) Which one is the largest of the four oceans on the Earth’s surface? a) The Atlantic b) The Indian Ocean c) The Pacific d) The Arctic Ocean 8) What country is the largest producer of crude oil? a) Russia b) The People’s Republic of China c) Saudi Arabia d) Venezuela 9) The Earth is one of the nine major planets. Is the Earth a) The smallest planet b) The smallest but one c) The largest planet d) The fifth largest of the planets « Too much garbage » GARBAGE AWAY! When you throw something away, it goes in a garbage can. Once a week the garbage truck comes and the can is emptied, and that's the last you see of it. But what do you think happens to the garbage then? Does it just disappear? No way! WHAT HAPPENS Almost all garbage is taken to a garbage dump, or land fill, where the garbage truck empties it onto the ground. After the truck leaves, a big tractor comes along and pushes dirt on top of the garbage. So, most of our garbage is just buried. THE BIG MESS Now we are making so much garbage that in many places, there is not enough room to bury it all. « Too much garbage » OUR MISSION We have to act fast and cut down the amount of garbage we make. Can we do it? You bet! HERE'S HOW We can recycle (which means re - using materials in stead of throwing them away) and precycle (which means not buying things that can't be re - used, like plastic wrapping and other packaging.) If we recycle' and precycle we will produce a lot less garbage, and help keep our planet green! Recycling and precycling projects can be lots of fun. Whose problems? Each of the people in the list is interested in environmental problems. Which three problems do you think everyone of them is most interested in? Why? People Problem Jane, a biologist acid rain Henry, A Londoner air - pollution Zoe, an ecologist and a member of the Greens climate changes Hannah, an economist living in New York energy problems Joe, a farmer from Minnesota loss of tree cover Charles, A physicist from Edinburgh ozone depletion Susan, M.P. for a small country area population growth Hal, a senator representing Chicago rises in sea level species extinction use of pesticides A list of environmentalist advice. 1. Don’t litter. 2. Plant trees. 3. Protect your personal health. 4. Don’t be environmentally lazy. 5. Learn to respect all forms of life. 6. Take responsibility for the actions of your family, friends and others around you. 7. Make sure that the others are aware of your commitment. 8. Smell the roses! 9. Plant wildlife attractant plants. Some of the items are perhaps surprising on a list of environmentalist advice. Pick one or two of the more unusual ones and explain why are they sensible? Oh, perhaps, you disagree with some of the advice. How green are you? 1. Do you use a regular aerosol deodorant? 2. Do you or anyone in your family use plastic razors? 3. Do you take a bath rather than a shower? 4. Do you use a washing machine more than twice a week? 5. Do you ever have all radiators in the house switched on at the same time? 6. Do you ever have all the lights switched on at the same time? 7. Do you like to stock up food in the freezer? 8. Do any windows in your home let in draughts? 9. Do you drive a car with an unconverted petrol tank? 10. Do you ever think you pay more for the packaging than the item you buy? (If you answered yes to just one of these questions, you are not GREEN enough ! ) Animals under threat. The last toolache wallaby was seen in 1927. It is presumed that this animal became extinct through a combination of habitat clearing for farming and sport shooting. High prices from overseas collectors encourage the smuggling of many unique and colourful Australian animals such as the golden - shouldered parrot. Habitat loss and fishing have decreased the number of fish in the Murray Darling River system. Clearing and grazing have greatly reduced the numbers of peninsula guinea flowers (Hibbertia paeninsularis) on the Eyre Peninsula , South Australia. What will happen if we don’t protect our planet , nature and the environment? Our planet will become a great dump. People will wear masks because of the polluted air. There will be no trees , no green grass. Everything will be of grey colour. Factories will pollute the air. The air pollution is dangerous. It will do harm to people , soil , water , wildlife. Everything will die. Government should make strong laws against pollution. The conclusion. We should protect our nature, our planet. We should plant trees, because they give us air, water and good soil. We should put litter in the bin. We should recycle things and precycle. The government should make strong laws. We shouldn’t throw waste into rivers, lakes and seas. We shouldn’t cut down trees. We shouldn’t kill animals and birds. We shouldn’t damage habitats of animals and birds. Литература: Финский учебник для 7 класса « GUYS`N GALS » , 1990 г. The Otava Publishing Company. Клементьева Т.Б., Джилл Шэннон , Учебник « Happy English - 2 », издательство «Титул»,2004 г. Клементьева Т.Б., Джилл Шэннон , Учебник « Happy English - 3 », издательство «Титул»,2004 г. О.В.Афанасьева, . И.В.Михеева, Учебник «Новый курс английского языка для российских школ» 4 год обучения 8 класс , издательство «Дрофа»,Москва,2009 г. О.В.Афанасьева, И.В.Михеева,«Новый курс английского языка для российских школ» 4 год обучения 8 класс, рабочая тетрадь №2, авторы: издательство «Дрофа»,2009 г.