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Time mashine 4

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Free publications. For all those interested in the transformational properties of space-time, and aims into the future.
 1
Time Machine The technical supplement to the quantum theory of space-time. 41p. (In search « Microcosm and space geometry » – the full version) If attentively to read the theory, underwritten it will be clear. The set of minds was occupied with subjects of travel in time. However a theoretical basis for such a technical project, till now didn't exist. Presently in laboratories of many countries, the experiments, which purpose are for certain is, to study influence on time course in space, various physical effects. Experiments were carried out by the "spear", based on a random result-without the theoretical framework. In my opinion, the error of such experiments consists that, the space-
time in any laboratory installation isn't isolated from enormous volume of space-
time of all Universe, and thus, influence of any physical effect dissipates on huge space volume, and the total effect is simply insignificant. For example, if we want to keep for a long time hot tea we pour it in a thermos, or we want to drain a part of sea coast we isolate a part of coast from sea and we pump out water. To try to take out all sea it is senseless. Thus, at first it is necessary to create «space-time thermostat». Conditionally speaking, "warming up" space cells in it, we can accelerate time course in the given volume, and "cooling" accordingly, to reduce speed of time. That is, according to the theory to create an insulator for counterreactance of supervacuum, for – avoidance of interaction of channels of supervacuum between internal volume of the thermostat and external volume of the Universe. In a reality, will formulate more correctly, – considerably to reduce this interaction in some number of times. From reactance of supervacuum (a bend of measurements) to be isolated while theoretical possibility it is not looked through yet. Action of "a spatial wind» in such installation, also decreases. On quality of "insulator" will depend, how many energy should spend for "warming up" or "cooling", and how much time will be kept independently this changed condition in the isolated volume. According to the theory, at decrease in temperature of substance, its influence on space grows (superconductivity-superfluidity). Thus, it is necessary to search for an insulator of counterreactance of supervacuum among superconductors, or among helium 4 and 3. The superconductors made of metals and their alloys, it is necessary to cool by liquid helium 4. (The minimum pressure of transition in a liquid state – about 10 atmospheres.) it is quite probable that the wall of «the space-time thermostat» can consist of "sandwich" of alternating layers of superconductor-superfluid liquid helium. The quantity and which thickness – are unknown. The request not to confuse it to coils for accelerators of elementary particles! Superconductor − closes the "magnetic" measurements in the ring structures, and superfluid helium forms a chain of "electric" measurements. Of course, in order to 2
prevent internal thermal cooling inside isolated volume, set thermal insulator. So, the first part of the "time machine" has already been described. It remains to introduce a means of changing the state of the cells of the space inside isolated volume. The energy source can be installed inside the machine, if you need a complete sealing of the volume. (Lithium, silver and cadmium accumulators or batteries). If this proves feasible, energy input from outside, through the thin superconducting wires with thin insulation. (Nature, as if "concerned" about the fact that the density of current (energy) in a superconductor was highest, and the section of the conductor (breaking tightness) the lowest.) Input can be not only energy, but the output of useful information from the isolated volume installation. Means of registration of a course of time. The detectors may be on different principles. Radioactive materials depending from speed of time will vary the amount of radioactivity. With the acceleration of time − to increase the radioactivity at slowdown − to reduce the radioactivity. Can be very portable. Displacement of emission or absorption lines in the spectra of many substances (light is entered, or just comes to out (in or from) the installation zone, through a thin optical fiber). And also, the generators, such as quantum, piezoelectric, mechanical, and others. Now about the means of changes in the state cells of space-time. They can be of different nature. Chemical Molecules of chemical substances have the spin moment which also can change after chemical reaction. For example: exothermic and endothermic reactions. Perhaps interesting is the reaction of phenol combustion in a solution of salts of manganese (+7), by mixing solutions. Physical Change of power level of cells at dissolution of some salts in water. Heat Heat for a short time inside an isolated volume by means of an electrocurrent. Mechanical The rotation of a heavy body (mainly spherical) in three planes simultaneously. You can simply reconstruct the motion of surface points of the body with rubber 3
wheels pressed to the ball without using a gimbal. Ball can be made of superconducting material, and is in the superconducting state (condition). Optical Optical coil (reel). Creating a coil wound on the principle of ordinary electromagnetic coil, but wound optical fiber. Inside the fiber is passed sufficiently intense light beam with a certain polarization vector, which can accelerate the "rotation" cell of space. Chaotic polarization of the electric vector of the ray may not give results. Electromagnetic Using of an electric field on the plates (one or two pairs as at an angle of 90° and parallel to each other) located in isolated volume. Restriction on the magnitude of voltage depends from dielectric and the polarization at high voltage. Magnetic coils established on pushing away (slow down time, increasing loading on supervacuum that can be used for communication through supervacuum), attraction, or, by simulating the form of a spatial cell (probably accelerate the time). The current in this construction of the 3 pairs of coils moves, imitating movement of flutes of "screws" in space measurements (dimensions). Restriction on the magnitude of the current strength. Superconducting coil at excess of current density may explode. As amplifiers of electric and magnetic elastic deformations of cells of space can serve as a ferroelectric and ferromagnetic materials, as well as optically active substances. Methods with the use of near-light speed and super-strong gravitational fields are not considered, because of the high energy of these two methods, which do not require the use of insulator in space-time. Certainly, "time machine" it not the near future project. However movement on this way becomes much easier with theoretical support and substantiation. Andrey Polevikov October 31 2010
4
Continuation
All inquiries regarding terminology in the quantum theory of space-time can be found on this page: http://docme.ru/Km
In the PDF format of the address may not work, so: it is better to lead around by clicking the mouse 1, to enter a signal from the mouse in the selected field and clicking the mouse 2 select "copy" button and pressed again a mouse 1. Then to enter a cursor signal into an address window, and having pressed at once the mouse 2 to choose an option to "insert" to press the mouse 1. Then to press «enter». You can search on this site, using the search engine of this site. Background to the study of space-time In the second half of XIX century. Maxwell and Hertz proposed the concept that light is nothing else than the electromagnetic radiation. Since it was known that light has wave properties, the physicists, of course, believed that it is necessary to specify the environment in which could move the light waves. This medium is called the luminiferous ether. But that the ether really could transfer light waves, it should possess very strange properties. It was necessary to postulate that the ether is a medium lighter than all known gases and vapors, and at the same time have a hardness of steel. In 1887, Albert Michelson and E. Morley conceived and carried out an experiment to determine the nature of the luminiferous ether. In this experiment, they tried to determine the speed of light relative to the ether, and through which our planet moves. The experiment used an optical interferometer and the Galilean rule of addition and subtraction of velocities. When you rotate the interferometer by 90° the velocity of light had changed, which should lead to a shift of the interferential picture, at least, at the 0.40 band. However, the results of the experiment were such that this shift was no more than 0.005 band (strip). In this connection they also had been brought an attention to the question: and whether there is in general this shift? It has since been done a lot of other very careful and subtle experiments on the measurement of this difference in speed of light, but none of them had received evidence of the existence of this difference. Thus, we conclude that the speed of light is the same and does not depend on whether it is measured by an observer in the stationary system, or an observer in a system moving with constant velocity relative to the light source. Michelson-Morley experiment in the history of physics was a decisive experiment, because of his "negative" result means the beginning of the revolution in all of our physical views and ideas. There is an urgent need to develop a deeper approach to studying the nature of space-time. Space-time finally is "framework" in which the Nature manifests itself. Perhaps many, if not most of the physical 5
phenomena that we see around us and which we call natural, just different manifestations of the properties of space-time. The conclusions arising from the negative result of Michelson-Morley experiment, in particular, the invariance (invariance in vacuum) speed of light, form the experimental basis of the special theory of relativity. The result of the Michelson-Morley experiment and Einstein's work laid the foundation for studying the transformation properties of the physical world. Attempts by researchers to achieve a deeper understanding of the nature of space-time began with the compilation of the equations of motion by Galileo and Newton and were continued and completed by Lorentz. The Lorentz transformations Hendrik Anton Lorentz (1853−1928) When Michelson and Morley decided to make their experiment to determine the properties of the ether, they just paid attention to the interferometer, which could serve their purposes. They conceived an experiment that would answer to the question: whether there is ether, and whether it moves relative to the Earth? Like waves on the surface of moving water in the river, the light waves should be moving at different speeds relative to the observer, depending on whether the waves are going in the direction of the ether, against it or across it. If the Earth moves in the ether (or, equivalently, ether flows around the Earth), an observer on Earth would have to notice a difference in the velocities of distribution of light in different directions. To measure this difference, Michelson and Morley built a large interferometer, which swam in a pool of mercury. They tried, to define, whether the velocity of light, extending along ways 1 and 2 changes, at interferometer turn in pool on 90°, see picture 1. The difference in speed of light could be determined from the shift of interferential strips by rotating the device. 6
Mentally, we carry out the whole experiment, distracted from the many purely experimental difficulties that should be overcome Michelson and Morley. Imagine a huge interferometer with shoulders ММ
1
(a way 1) and MM
2
(a way 2), where |MM
1
| = |MM
2
| = L, which floats on the surface of the mercury. Orient its axis SM
1 in the direction of the Earth relative to the distant fixed stars. It is reasonable to assume that this is the direction in which we are moving with the Earth through the ether (if only the latter actually exists). Let the speed of light relative to the ether is c. From transformations Galileo then follows that the velocity of light concerning the Earth along a shoulder of the interferometer parallel to speed of movement of the Earth, is equal: с – υ (for light going from M to М
1
), с + υ (for light going from М
1
to M) Times necessary for passage of a light wave on these ways, are accordingly equal: υ
−
=
c
L
t
MM
1
υ
+
=
c
L
t
MM
1
Thus, time necessary for light for passage on the closed way ММ
1
М parallel to movement of the Earth, appears equal: (1) t
║
2
1
/2
−
=
+
+
−
=
c
cL
c
L
c
L
υ
υυ
(t
║
– time at parallel speeds) time time on a way on a way ММ
1
М
1
М At a finishing stage it is reduced c in denominators of fractions, dividing components of denominators on c and it is led to standard expression: −
=
++
−
=
+
+
−
2
2
1
2
11
2
c
c
L
сс
с
L
сс
с
L
сс
с
L
υ
υυ
υυ
or = −
2
1
2
c
c
L
υ
Time necessary for light for passage of the closed way, perpendicular to movement of the Earth, is equal: (2) t
┴
2
222222
1
/22
−
=
−
=
−
+
−
=
c
cL
c
L
c
L
c
L
υ
υυυ
(t
┴
– time at perpendicular speeds) time time on a way on a way ММ
2
М
2
М 7
At a finishing stage it is reduced on с
2
under a root square, dividing all components under a root on с
2 and it is deduced с from under a root: 2
2
2
2
2
2
1
22
c
c
L
cc
c
L
υ
υ
−
=
−
or 2
1
2
−
c
c
L
υ
movement of the Earth→ a
b
interferometer mirrors In essence, this rule (Theorem) of Pifagor: a
2
+b
2
=c
2
for a trajectory of a light beam. Picture № 2 Square of a trajectory of light (a hypotenuse с
2
) we subtract a square leg of a triangle (a movement trajectory the Earth υ
2
) by arrows light beam trajectory is shown, there and back This result follows from a classical rule of addition and subtraction of speeds as it is illustrated on picture №2 (
a
and b
). If c – a velocity of light concerning an ether in system of readout S
1
that speed concerning the Earth (system of readout S
2
) light moving on ММ
2
(picture 2
а
) and on М
2
М (picture 2
b
) is equal in both cases: 22
υ
−c Formulas 1 and 2 give time of distribution of light on ways ММ
1
М and ММ
2
М measured by us (as observers on the Earth). We will notice that as we now analyze experiment of the Michelson-Morley by means of transformations Galileo, these times shouldn't depend on a condition of our movement (i.e. movements of the observer). From formulas 1 and 2 then we will receive: 8
t
║
we divide on t
┴
and we will receive: 2
1
1
−
=
⊥
c
t
t
υ
Thus, t
║ > t
┴
and both parts coherent (with identical phases of fluctuations) a bunch will give an interferential picture when they will meet. Experimentally always it turned out that: t
║
= t
┴
This result summarizes the response of Nature to the question of the existence of the ether – a question which sought to answer Michelson and Morley by their experiment. There is a following paradox which here we name paradox with movement of light concerning ether. According to the argument based on the use of Galilean transformations, the observer, producing an experiment would be to see that t
║ > t
┴
, but this is not observed. If, however, we reject the Galilean a rule of addition of speeds and we will accept that the velocity of light is identical in both inertial systems of readout S
1
and S
2
we will receive: t
║
c
L2
=
, t
┴
c
L2
=
And, thus, t
║
= t
┴
This is exactly the conclusion that actually agrees with the results of many experiments. Thus, we conclude that the speed of light is the same and does not depend on whether it is measured by an observer in the stationary system, or an observer in a system moving with constant velocity relative to the light source. In experimental installation to similar installation the Michelson-Morley experiment, the movement portion of the light along closed ways, and MM
1
M MM
2
M respectively equal to: t
║
−
=
2
2
1
2
c
c
L
υ
, t
┴
−
=
2
2
1
2
c
c
L
υ
, where L = MM
1
= MM
2
– distance from M to the mirror M
1
or M
2
, measured by an observer on Earth. It is obvious that: −
=
⊥
2
2
1
1
c
t
t
υ
we have simply divided one formula into another one Consequently, according to the Galilean transformation equations: 9
t
║ > t
┴
On the other hand, the Michelson-Morley experiment proves that takes place equality: t
║
= t
┴
This experimental result can be explained as follows: the speed of light does not depend from the speed of the observer, hence it is necessary to reject classical Galilean addition rule of velocities. Many physicists have been difficult in the early twentieth century to agree with this conclusion, since it was about the overthrow of the principle, which at that time accepted as dogma in physics. Trying to save the ideas of classical physics, D.F. Fitzgerald suggested the following ingenious solution. He suggested that all the objects moving through the "ether" is indeed a real cut in the direction of its movement and that their length L
mov
is shorter and is: 2
2
1
c
LL
mov
υ
−=
, where L = L
rest – the length of the object when it is at rest relative to the ether (the readout system S
1
in the Michelson-Morley experiment). Consequently, if L in the formula (1) to express through L
mov
, then t
║
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
12
c
c
L
c
c
c
L
υ
υ
υ
−
=
−
−
=
and, thus, t
║
= t
┴
is in the full consent with result of experiment of Michelson-Morley. Fractions: 2
2
c
υ
and 2
c
υ
also are absolutely equivalent and interchangeable. Reducing the size of the object can not find an observer who moves with the subject, as his measuring rod is reduced by the same ratio. Einstein has in another way solved all this problem. It has rejected a classical rule of addition of speeds and has accepted the following as the basic postulate: the velocity of light is identical for all moving observers. This assumption leads, to formulas of transformation of Lorentz and to their direct consequences – to the phenomena of reduction of length and time slow down. By the way, the malicious joke with some inattentive people who try to deny Einstein is made by a rule of addition and subtraction of velocities at parallel motion. These people declare: that at movement in parallel "ether", the velocity of light in the beginning to sum, and then is subtracted with speed of movement of the Earth, in a direction to a mirror and back to a light source, and thus, the result appears zero. And experiment of Michelson-Morley in this case is explained! Decades such guys disturb scientists and journalists, declaring that only they know 10
true, and that the space-time is absolutely and invariably! (As well as the power of Kings!) Specially for such people gifted with special nonsense, comparative calculation: Distance between mirrors – 4 meters Speed of an ether – 2 meters per second Speed of waves on ether – 10 meters per second Time for movement there and back between mirrors if addition and subtraction of speeds compensate each other: sec8,0
10
8
10
42
==
⋅
=
metre
t
Time for movement there and back between mirrors in a reality: sec333,0
12
4
2
10
4
1
==
+
=
metre
t
sec5,0
8
4
2
10
4
2
==
−
=
metre
t
t
common
= 0,333+0,5 = 0,833 seconds Why this time at real calculation is more? Because at movement at addition of speeds (light) and an ether the passed way more than a way at subtraction of a velocity of light and ether. That is, ways there and back appear not equal, and also mutual exact compensation of speed of ether is impossible at parallel addition and subtraction of speeds. Trying to disprove Einstein these people by decades is running on different instances and require recognition of the Einstein – not right! Though! At what here Einstein! He to medicine has no any relation! It is necessary to remember always. The mathematics is stronger than emotions! Feelings often deceive! Expression: 2
2
1
1
c
υ
γ
−
=
which named Lorentz a multiplier (factor) and usually designate a letter γ (gamma). Expression: c
υ
designate a letter β (beta) or 2
1
1
β
γ
−
=
. This multiplier (later was confirmed by numerous experiments) decreases as the length of a moving object in space, and the apparent length of the space! That is, if the length of a core flying with sub-light speed is reduced in 10 times and seeming distances in the Universe in a direction of movement of this core (lengthways) will be reduced in 10 times! That explains also effect slowing down of time. Under such circumstances it seems to the observer that time wasn't slowed down (subjective sensation), but the distance in space at the rate of movement is simple was reduced! The space seems to be "compressed" on course of the flight. So. 11
Einstein-Lorentz's formulas: For time 2
2
0
1
c
t
t
υ
−
=
(or −
=
2
0
1
c
t
t
υ
it is equivalent) duration of second increases at υ→ c for time, that is the interval of the same process is extended that explains slowing down of a course of time. For weight (mass) 2
2
0
1
c
m
m
υ
−
=
(same, as well as for time!) the weight grows at υ→ c For length 2
2
0
1
c
ll
υ
−=
the length is reduced at υ→ c (or
γ
⋅=
0
ll or 2
0
1
β
−= ll
) To remember easily. Under a root from unit the relation of squares of speeds (a velocity of light always "below") is subtracted, where t
0
, m
0
, l
0
– parameters in motionless concerning us to readout system. And calculated t, m, l – parameters in moving (υ) system of readout (coordinates) concerning us. c – a velocity of light (constant). At speed 0,866 c (υ =259 800 km/s) the weight of a body will double =2m. Time will be slowed down in 2 times (1 second begins to last 2 "our" seconds) Length (along movement) and body volume will be reduced in 2 times At speed 0,968 c (υ =290 473 km/s) weight of a body quadrupling =4m. Time will be slowed down in 4 times The length of a body and its volume will be reduced in 4 times As a matter of fact, approximately since speed of 250 000 km/s energy of a body basically is spent for growth of weight of a body, both its "flattening" and slowing down of time operating on object, instead of on increase in its speed. It has been repeatedly proved on accelerators of elementary particles in the XX-th century. 12
Graphs Dependence of body length from the velocity of its movement. Dependence of body mass from its velocity. All calculations are made very simply, if velocity of light to accept for unit (1), and speed of movement for fractional value of unit. For example, for speed of 150 000 km/s is 0,5c for c is 1. Or for m calculation on the calculator: To type 150 000, we divide into 300 000 (velocity of light), we receive the relation 0,5 we divide on 1 (the accepted unit of measure of a velocity of light for a proportion). This operation can not execute because it does not change the module. Squaring numbers 0.5 x and = pressing the appropriate buttons. Then subtract the number obtained from the unit. Without a difference, or from unit to subtract number or unit from number. In the latter case we obtain the result with the "minus" sign, which we remove by pressing the + / −. Next, press the . Further, having accepted m
0
for 1 (unit) simply "turn over" the resulting number by pressing the ÷ and =. We obtain 1.154 i.e. body mass moving at a speed of 150,000 km/s or ½ the speed of light will increase by 15.4% compared with the mass of a body at rest on Earth. The kinetic energy of the body in the Universe as follows: 2
2
2
0
12
c
m
E
υ
υ
−
=
The formula for calculating the velocity of the moving body, if it is known that body weight gain when it reach this speed: 2
2
0
1
m
m
c −=
υ
where m
0
− the rest mass, m − mass at achievement of a high-speed mode. So "shortage" to the speed of light in modern accelerators is only 2.6 − 3 meters per second. Very few protons 13
don't have enough speed to reach a velocity of light. They are too heavy at this rate ≈ 7000 times greater than at rest state relative to us. We see that relativistic mechanics (mechanics of near-light speeds) and not so complicated. Sometimes it is possible to read, what isn't clear and how to be with the accelerated movement or movement on the closed trajectory in sense of delay of time? The people asking such questions simply haven't understood sense of the special theory of relativity. The Space-time is capable to be bent (to be deformed) at any movement in it, irrespective of movement type. Time it too function of space and it too is deformed. These deformations trace speed of movement of object in space with split-hair accuracy. Aging delay concerns only moving object with sub-light speed. Us it doesn't concern at all! It is interesting to consider this question. If time is slowed down along body movement, that occurs to it in cross-section directions? It is slowed down or not? After all two degrees of freedom of space (one measurement) are deformed only, and four others aren't compressed (two measurements). And time has enough only three degrees of freedom for existence (from sequence of spatial deformations), i.e. time is one and half dimensional. And also, flying with sub-light speed the object for the remote observer seems not compressed at the rate of movement, but a little turned in space (effect of delay of a light beam). So, what with time? Isotropic (uniform), it flows inside the object at near-light speeds or uneven? In favor of a uniform current of time tells delay of disintegration of astable particles at corresponding speeds. It for a firm matter, which has volume. In favor of a non-
uniform current of time tells fluctuation of an electromagnetic field to perpendicularly vector of movement (even with high frequency). It for radiation, which has no volume. Space cells in this case rotate in one plane, which is perpendicular to a vector of movement of a ray of light. Now a little about the general theory of relativity. In the gravitational field of the Sun was discovered the effect of beam deviation at the approaching of the star and visible disk of the Sun (angle approximation), which can not be explained in terms of classical kinematics (kinematics is the same geometry, but with the addition of the time). The light beam is refracted in a substance, it is also understandable, but why it is refracted in a vacuum, but only in the gravitational field of a star? Can space and time (speed includes the time) are bent in a gravitational field? The experiments were carried out in the twentieth century have shown that the length of the linear meter directed along the radius of the Earth slightly, but still reduced, compared to a meter in length perpendicular to the radius of the Earth. The frequency of electromagnetic oscillations decreases with the movement of electromagnetic beam up from the earth, and increases when moving down to Earth. And even time on the surface of the earth flows a little slower than in Outer Space! And thus, the space-time near the surface of the Earth turns out to be slightly "compressed" as it is observed at movement. Especially obviously it is visible at approaching to a velocity of light. It also has led A. Einstein to thought that the space geometry defines not only the form, but also and essence of things in the Universe! The curvature of space-time and creates a 14
gravitational field near the object. For the first time the universal gravitation Law was deduced by Isaac Newton. He noted that the force of attraction is directly proportional to the masses gravitating bodies, that is, each material point (inside of the body) attracts every material point near the located body. Thus, Newton multiplied masses attracting bodies. Also he has established that force of attraction decreases in square-law dependence from distance between centers these bodies (the distance increase in 2 times leads to reduction of force of attraction in 4 times). And thus, he has divided product of weights of two bodies into a distance square between them. Certainly, the great number which expressed nothing has turned out. And to lead the received absurd value to expression of force of interaction, Newton has multiplied this value by compensating number for this purpose that force of interaction has been expressed by any comprehensible size. Thus, for the values of forces expressed in Newtons, the value of the compensating factor was 6,672·10
-11
. The dimensionality added to it such, that all the previous dimensionality, in kilograms, meters canceled and there was only Newton. Newton deduced the Law of universal gravitation, but did not explain its action. 2
21
R
mM
GF =
G − constant of gravitation This was done by Einstein. He explained this phenomenon − by curvature of space. Incidentally, an interesting example to illustrate the curvature of space (except for distorting mirrors, of course). The density of the proton or neutron ≈ 1,45·10
18
kg/m
3
. Namely, if the density of the body is approximately equal to the density of water, then remove all spaces between the atoms and the "collapse" of the electron shells of atoms so that all elementary particles of our body gathered in one place (pressed, forming a so-called "nuclear density"), in that case, the linear dimensions of the body fall a million times! That is, we will have a size of "pure" matter (substance) is not more than 2−4 thousandths of a millimeter! In essence, on 99.999 ....% or more of nines after the decimal point, we are made up of empty space! That is, we did nothing but "empty space"! If you know how, we can easily pass through the wall without damaging either yourself or the wall! However, if you do not know how, we can hurt ourselves and scratched forehead against the wall! Can you imagine! "Empty space", and is solid! It I about a wall. And all this is due to electromagnetic forces between atoms and inside them! In the medieval universities was very popular "scientific" argument, which is the essence: of how many devils can fit on the tip of a sewing needle? And so, the answer can be quite concrete: if the devil is big, then fit one or some small imps on a well-sharpened tip. The truth is unknown: whether devils keep their properties at such a scale? At carrying out this procedure, the size (diameter) of our Earth is reduced to ≈ 200 meters (nuclear density). The Sun up to 14 kilometers (nuclear density). By the way, it about the order of a sphere of gravitational collapse (compression) calculated for our Sun (d ≈ 2,95 km). For the diameter of the Earth gravitational collapse of 0.887 cm. Notice the difference? The Sun compressed to the limiting diameter of gravity will have a density which is about 100 times greater than the density of the proton. And the Earth, having compressed till gravitational diameter 15
less than 1 centimeter, should surpass in 11 trillion times (!) density of an elementary particle! That is, the density of the "black hole" with a mass of Earth should be at 111 billion times (!) exceed the density of the "black hole" with the mass of the Sun! Absurd! Less mass so, is "stronger" than a larger mass! Since a smaller mass for gravitational compression is a thousands times more compressed! The exit from this paradox can be very simple. The mass of the Earth in general not able to shrink to the size of a "black hole". Only large astronomical objects (more than 5 solar masses) can "fall" within yourself, because of the monstrous forces of gravity and not ability thus to resist to it, other forces: electromagnetic, nuclear, because of "burning out" of elements supporting nuclear reactions in stars. So, we only seem to ourselves. In fact, in us, the grain of elementary particles which can easily be located on a tip of a usual sewing needle contains only! All the rest − this space is filled with electric and magnetic fields. It is amazing! But the matter itself has arisen from the rapidly varying electric and magnetic fields. Scientifically proven fact! Also, a scientifically proven fact that the space-time can be deformed (gravitation, and relativistic speeds). Why bodies attracts? Because in the bent space-time symmetry of forces keeping "internal" structure of space and time is broken. And thus, a violation of this balance affects on motion of bodies near each other and on the slowing of time near them. The same symmetry breaking occurs at speeds, especially close to the speed of light. A more detailed statement is in the quantum theory of space-time (you can use for search in the Internet). Whether it is necessary to have the big visible curvature of space that movement in a gravitational field from the linear has turned to the curvilinear? There is no need! The space has very big "rigidity" which even is more than rigidity of steel and thus, even the insignificant curvature of geometry of space leads to occurrence of forces bending a trajectory of a moving body near to planets, stars etc. Steel spring is not necessarily much to stretch or compress in order to obtain a significant effect of the reaction. The slight curvature of space at the one-
millionth or billionth of one, causes the satellite to rotate around the Earth in orbit and not to depart further to Space. The centrifugal force and the magnitude of the curvature of space (gravity) compensate each other. By the way, the centrifugal force, it is nothing like the force of inertia of the moving body straight, which is always shifting aside, and it is by resisting displacement, creates a reaction force opposing the force of displacement. If we consider some rotating field, and, having taken into consideration that this field weighs nothing, force a component of reaction of such field is equal to zero, as the given object weighs nothing, hence, has no inertia, and that in turn, deprives of ability such field at rotation to create centrifugal force. Thus, an attempt to explain the action of forces in the space by some rotating field is not very consistent with physics. The field in this case should necessarily have a mass. At least a little. And anyway, this mass should be somehow explained! We return to the curvature of space. If you start moving near an electrically charged body, we found a magnetic field whose lines of force are perpendicular to the lines of force of the electric field. If 16
you stop the motion relatively to the charged body, the magnetic field disappears. It can also occur if electrically charged body will begin to move relatively to us. Also, the magnetic field is formed with similar properties. The same phenomenon is observed exactly if, instead of electrically charged body, we will take a permanent magnet, but in this case, instead of the magnetic field will be the electric field lines of force which, again, will be perpendicular to the magnetic field lines. Time-varying fields: electric and magnetic generate each other continuously. So if between the poles of electromagnet, whose shape resembles a donut with a truncated gap which is cutted in one place, apply the AC, in a crack cutted there, a ring closed electric fields is formed by an alternating magnetic field, that use for acceleration electrons on a circular trajectory (betatron). That is, electric current without wires! However, the electrons should be held from scattering, due to pushing away, by additional electric or magnetic field. What's also interesting is, the fact that the magnetic field is always formed closed field lines and the electric field lines can be sent to infinity. Think about it. Why is this so? And, in these examples we can see the properties of space. The broken "internal" symmetry of space-time tries to restore itself and consequently large objects in Space have the sphere or ball form. This most symmetric arrangement of set of gravitational objects (elementary particles). Any deviation from this form causes formation of forces which try to restore symmetry. When slowing down time, the energy of the particle motion in the microcosm should decrease. Thus, the temperature of objects should be reduced. With the acceleration of time − to rise. Dependence can be based on the geometrical dimensionality of temperature and time: 5,1
1
T
t =
,where t − time T − temperature in Kelvin. Fractional degree it is not necessary to be frightened, it is simple: TT
t
1
=
, where m = const. Interrelation of gravitation and time All this consideration doesn't consider weight of particles at change of a course of time. We will remember, at time deceleration (Lorentz transformation) the weight of object increases by the same size, and thus, the temperature can change not so considerably at change of a course of time. At time deceleration in 10 times the weight of a body increases in 10 times, the length is reduced in 10 times, the volume is reduced in 10 times, and the object density increases in 100 times! The weight of objects increases in strong gravitational fields, and time is considerably slowed down. Thus, at deceleration of time the weight of bodies increases. And at acceleration of a course of time, the weight of bodies should decrease! And it prevents a warming up of these bodies to high temperature at time change, total kinetic energy of all particles should remain, in general invariable. That is, there is 17
an effect of infinite thermal capacity. The Law of Conservation of energy again helps! How can change the mass of bodies? And than it in general is? And why do the mass have a connection with the passage of time in space? The weight can change in three ways: The first is very simple – increase the number of elementary particles, which increases their total mass in a given volume of space. Second, Lorentz reduction of length forces micromeasurements of particles to approach and thus, loading on Supervacuum (zero space) increases. The number of particles of the body is not growing, and growing only the magnitude of the curvature of space. At "artificial" change of a course of time in a steady state, the number of particles doesn't increase, the geometrical sizes and the form don't change. So which way can increase or reduce weight of bodies in a zone of artificial change of a course of time? Third: change of "viscosity" of Supervacuum in a zone of the changed current of time. When slowing down time – "viscosity" of zero space increases, increasing inertia of all elementary particles which are in this zone. And this "viscosity" doesn't give possibility to exceed a velocity of light in vacuum. In substance under some conditions it can be exceeded, because of considerable reduction of a velocity of light in substance. Cherenkov-Vavilov’s radiation by electrons moving in the water at a rate faster than the speed of light in water, as a good example. However, the speed of light in vacuum – is not exceeded! With the acceleration of time – "viscosity" Supervacuum decreases. And this decrease in "viscosity" leads to the fact that object can move with accelerations exceeding the "reasonable". Iron will seem, as though it is made of cotton wool. The weight (mass) – is loading bent (at the best case – closed) space micromeasurements. At change of a condition of "zero" space (its "viscosity"), we can observe change of weight of a body and its gravitational interaction (body weight) without change of quantity of elementary particles in a body, without change of the form of a body and the form of the elementary particles forming this body. As a matter of fact, the weight of a body – is a product of "viscosity" of Supervacuum on number of the closed measurements of space of which the elementary particle is formed. "Viscosity" of Supervacuum depends and from number of the closed semimeasurements. It easily explains sharp distinction of weight at electron (two closed semimeasurements) and at proton (five closed semimeasurements) as the relation 1 to 1836,1 that is, "viscosity" of Supervacuum in at proton is higher, than at electron in 44,734
2
/
5
1,1836
=
times,
that explains not only sharp jump of weight for a proton, but also gives us hope that by loading 18
Supervacuum first of all with a magnetic field (pushing away), secondarily by the electric field, we can change "viscosity" of Supervacuum in a wide range without using a very large energies. Inertia – is ability of elementary particles to "cling" to Supervacuum. The more the closed measurements at a particle, the more strongly it "clings" to this exotic space, simultaneously increasing "viscosity" of this space, pressing on it the closed measurements. Why do the mass have a connection with time? Because, in less "viscous" Supervacuum of micromeasurement of space "rotate" faster. And on the contrary, the more "viscous" Supervacuum, the space cells "rotate" more slowly. "Viscosity" of Supervacuum increase the closed or bent magnetic and electric semimeasurements of particles, and also increase, pushing away of electromagnets of a direct current from each other, as the magnetic measurements which have accumulated in one place, forced pushing of each other and such way "push" on Supervacuum. "Viscosity" of Supervacuum can reduce polarized light (unpolarized light can be expected as to accelerate a "rotation" of the space cells, and to brake them), passing through a vacuum (electromagnetic pump – spin up). Or synchronous compression of all the measurements of space, leads to the lengthening of "short" measurements and increase so number the measurements, so, the dimension of the space due to lengthening of "short" measurements increase up to at least five – six dimensions. Can be and more. The energy of a cell of space thus – grows. Of course, the internal volume should be "isolated" from the external one. It is curious. If time in the Universe is accelerated, the weight of a matter in it should decrease. In formulas it should look, as reduction (aging) of gravitational constant G. Let's consider one more theme. Flying "Cookware" Flying to the stars is not possible, due to cosmic dust, which "grind" the spaceship for a few years flying with the sub-light speed. In the Universe most likely already there are civilizations which have solved problems of transformation of space-time for long-distance flights in the Space. Our Universe is quite old. Two of the fifteen planets (including satellites of major planets) in our Solar system, have a surface temperature that is suitable for the development of organic Life (T ≈ 290° – 300° K). This is Earth and Mars. That is, ≈ 10% – 15% of the planets in the Universe have a suitable temperature. By chemical composition of the atmosphere it is ≈ 1% of all the planets. One hundred elements in the periodic table. And so, 0.1 x 0.01 = 0.001. That is, one of thousand of planets in the Universe has a suitable temperature and chemical conditions for the development of Life. In our Galaxy, about 150 billion stars and planets, ≈ in 10 times more. So. We have the 1.5 trillion divided by one thousand, and equal to 1.5 billion planets! And this is just one of our Galaxy! Planets that may be inhabited! Judge for 19
yourself! Can, this monstrous amount of habitable worlds exist such civilizations at which the period of scientific and technological progress is not 300 – 500 years, but 300 000 – 500 000 years? And more! And they have interstellar ships! It is possible that our civilization – is one of the most backward in the Universe with a very low level of intelligence and development of technology! Some people on this planet even claim that they themselves personally have seen these objects in the sky. UFO – is, in fact, the disc made of two plates which habitual for us. Really, the form of the described disks very well corresponds with aerodynamics of flights in atmospheres of planets. And that few dispute. And more. There is one surprising fact. Nobody informed on presence of windows at these objects! Also, it was informed about change of the form of these objects: from disk-shaped to the spherical. And about huge accelerations with which these devices change the speed. How can we implement such a project? We know for certain about the three different types of physical fields. This is the gravitational, electric and magnetic. If to assume that at reasonable inhabitants of the Universe it is all assortment, quantity of possible variants not infinitely. Certainly, it is pleasant to refuse from decision of this problem, having assumed that at extraterrestrial intelligence there are any special superfields, even approximately not known to us. This is a very comfortable position for the faint-
hearted people. And if we assume that no superfields they do not have and they work with what we know? To continue theme consideration it is possible only from this position. So. Go on. The choice is not great. The gravitational field at the present stage of development of science and technology disappears, so as to generate a gravitational field in appreciable amounts; you must have tiny pieces of superdense matter with a density approximately equal to the density of elementary particles. Or so-called "nuclear density" of the substance. This possibility is rejected. There remain two fields: the electric and magnetic. Their variable variations and development of thin-film technology also make a basis of the electronic and electrotechnical industry of our civilization which provides transmission through space of information signals and energy accordingly. By quality of information signals transmitted in area of near Space, our civilization for other civilizations doesn't represent any interest, and they hardly will enter in contact with us, having assumed that Reasonable Life on this planet isn't present. For practical purposes, we use the rapidly varying electric and magnetic fields, since it is possible to solve the problem with transmission of energy and information over a distance. With strong constant electric and magnetic fields, work goes with smaller intensity. Nuclear magnetic resonance is carried out with the joint participation of a constant magnetic field and alternating electromagnetic field. This effect has found application in medicine. 20
Perhaps the study of various combinations of constant electric and magnetic fields, will give the key to solving the problem of transmission through space, not only energy and information, but also material objects with huge equivalent speed in various directions. If "saucers" don't have windows it doesn't mean that aliens aren't inquisitive and meaningly don't want to look at new landscapes. They not for this purpose overcome Space. Most likely, they have a technical problem which they couldn't solve completely. Namely, necessity of full hermetic sealing from external space, both internal volume of object, and the equipment established there. It is impossible to suppose preservations even small apertures and cracks. It is possible that on the surface of these objects are installed video cameras and radars to transmit signals to the control panel. The screen for the pilot may be spherical, and cylindrical with a 360° three-dimensional space, on which the integral picture of world around from several video cameras and (or) a radars is synthesized. This allows you to maintain the integrity of internal volume at acceptable level. The disadvantage of this method is, that in case of failure (breakage) video channel, pilots of the similar spaceship "grow blind" and can break at unsuccessful landing or maneuvering. The need for careful sealing of (screening) may be due to the inability to perform the transformation of the space-time at an acceptable in terms of energy level. Extraneous "leakage" increases as the consumption of energy and affects the quality of processing space, which makes the problem of transportation, is not feasible. Than can shield internal volume of "saucers"? It is possible to use superfluid or superconducting materials which possess the raised effect of influence on space. However, you should use cryogenic technology and a significant amount of gases, helium and nitrogen. Nitrogen is essential for pre-cooling of helium. The thickness of the screen is probably comparable with the internal volume, and should not be less than 1–2 meters. The screen can be multilayered with alternation of layers − superconducting and superfluid. Lacks of such screen: it is unreliable in operation and it is too heavy. The "saucer" can and not fly up. It is easier, and partly can be easier a screen representing multy microlayer’s capacitors with different geometry of a constant electric field. The number of layers can range from a few to several million. One layer of a conductive, another dielectric layer. Voltage can vary from a few hundred volts (thousands or millions of microlayers) to several kilovolts (several large layers). In any case, the electric field can be from 3 Megavolt (breakdown voltage in dry air) on one meter and higher. Plates can operate at 80–95% of the breakdown voltage. It is controlled by a current leakage. The electrical connection can be different facings: see picture № 3 21
the dielectric is not shown a b Picture № 3 The electric field deforms four degrees of freedom of space (two dimensions) and at picture 3
a
shown two configurations of the polarized space: + – and – + in alternating sequence. At picture 3
b
shown for four configurations of the electric field, the two + + and – – compressed space and two + – and – + polarized space. Taking into account that the field frequency is equal to zero, according to the equation: E = hν the photon energy and the electric field in such a way is equal to zero, that is, energy should "suffice" for "processing" of all cells of space passing through such electric "filter". The lack of electric screen. Working with high voltage. Another option is a magnetic "filter". External surface draped by DC electromagnets. Two or four magnet installed in the repulsive regime (DC) and fixed in a metal frame. See picture № 4 Picture № 4 22
Thus, the entire surface is closed. Blocks with coils arranged perpendicular to the plane of the screen and the ends are tightly closed with the entire surface area of the screen. Advantage of the form of a disk, in adaptability to manufacture of assemblage and closing of two halves containing screens. One from above, another from below. See picture №5 Picture № 5 Lacks of the magnetic screen: it is too heavy and consumes a lot of energy. The magnetic field deforms two degrees of freedom of space (one measurement) that too can be a lack. Possibly, such design will be more efficient in the isolated volume (for time deceleration). Besides, the magnetic field represents smaller danger for bioobjects, than electric one. Change of the form of disks in flight can indirectly testify about change geometry of space in the similar device, and failure (temporarily "breakage") devices working on an electromagnetic basis (in ours planes, cars), can indirectly testify that change geometry of space is made on an electromagnetic basis. Certainly, the variant isn't excluded that this action of special superfields which in passing revolt or generate an electromagnetic field. But it also isn't proved as well as the first variant. But check of the first variant we can. For safe use of the electric field plates extreme outside and inside the shield to the voltage source is not connected. Magnetic coils together with a frame to put inside metal boxes, and at their use as the external screen, to establish in the device the steel screen of 1 –2 mm in the thickness. It is curious that the UFO in such execution is similar to the elementary particle designed by the Nature. Strong electric field outside operates. In a particle loading both on Supervacuum, and on measurements of usual space is carried out. In an UFO it is possible to regulate force of loading and its distribution inside volume of such device. And also, to change loading type. So. If the screen (filter, isolator) some sort of construction will be operational, to appear possibility to change a condition of space in such object. If to accelerate 23
time, having applied coils "with light" or using the electromagnetic coil of enough big diameter with inserted into it, quarter cylindrical electrodes, see picture №6 or Picture № 6 the mass of the vehicle should be reduced in proportion to acceleration time. When accelerating in time is 100 times the mass is also reduced by 100 times and the inertia is reduced similarly. That is, if the initial mass of the "saucers" of 100 tons, after the acceleration time, the mass of not more than 1 ton. The force of attraction of the planet is also reduced by 100 times. Thus, the accelerating speed increases at the same energy by 100 times and would be "unreasonable" in terms of Earth's inhabitants. The mass of "saucer" and the weight of the pilots to decrease the same, so that they will feel itself as if they made of fluff. Shipping of accelerations considerably will increase. The object with ease will speed up and feel smaller resistance of air, as air before blow, near the case will quickly get to a narrow zone of Supervacuum with low "viscosity" and to lose weight. The similar phenomenon is observed, when before a torpedo fairing under water the stream of gas which flows round a torpedo is blown and reduces its friction about water so that the torpedo can move under water with a speed of hundred and more meters per second! In a case with "saucer", the gas role carries out Supervacuum of low 24
viscosity which can partially "filter" through the screen and reduce weight of air surrounding "saucer" and which resistance sharply decreases. As you can see, do change the course of time, it is not an abstraction. And time itself – is one of changing the technological parameters of future spacecraft. Their internal structure. Subjected to an accelerated time is not necessary. Time can be accelerated in an external layer of the case of the ship, and internal volume to close the second screen. And to have inside standard (for this or that civilization) time. Surrounding the cabin with a layer of accelerated time, you can reduce the gravitational interaction of the ship to the planet in the same way, while maintaining a regular flow of time inside the cabin. It is also convenient to observe on the screens of local residents of a planet in their real-time. In a cabin with accelerated time natives will seem braked with slowed down (at the same time) reaction. One lack of a layer with accelerated time is. Weight in the cabin is reduced (due to the shielding of the gravitational field of the planet), but the inertia will be the same as on the planet. To reduce it, before acceleration the ship will speed up the time and inside the cabin. Plus consists that in the latter case, pilots don't feel itself by "bird’s down" in a cabin and see local residents not in a mode of strong deceleration. Thus, the partition with an accelerated time within them can be considered as the screens from the gravitational field. The screen from reactance of Supervacuum. So, the remark made earlier: that theoretical possibility to be shielded from reactance of Supervacuum it is not looked through, not so actually. Such possibility is, at least, – theoretical. Time deceleration in "a saucer" cabin can increase in much times and its weight, inertia and force of interaction with a planet gravitational field. That in some cases, can save fuel on flight to some heavy planets. By the way, considering that loading on Supervacuum at a electron is less, than at a proton, also "viscosity" S.V. inside electron it is less and time flows in(side) electron faster, than in a proton. And, considering that electrons are constantly rotate round the nucleus of atoms, scanning thus Supervacuum "structure", it is quite probable, and explains our "apprehensions" or some exact predictions of the future events. Geometrical dimensionality of time at electron +3,5 that is, time "inside" the electron goes faster, than at a proton that automatically and explains so-called «paradox of electron». Thus, calculation of energy of a charge, energy of rest mass of electron can go both on "electron’s", and on "proton’s" time. (There is less probable second variant: if m
e
=t
2
, 6,5/2 = 3,25 for t
e
) More precisely, at impulse calculation:
cmp
ee
⋅= , t=+3.5 as the impulse existing the electron is calculated:
t
l
=
υ
, )5.3(
)2()5.6(
)5(
+
++
+
⋅
=
t
lm
p
e
e
. While the calculation of the annihilation energy:
2
cmE
ee
⋅=
t=+ 3.25 as, we have time inside electron in the beginning annihilation is +3,5 and in the end of annihilation is +3. And thus, at 25
calculation energy of annihilation we take average value of geometrical dimensionality of time:
25.3
2
5.33
=
+
2
2
2
t
l
=
υ
(
)
( )
2
)25.3(
2
)2()5.6(
)4(
+
++
+
⋅
=
t
lm
E
e
e
. The calculation of the energy of the electron charge as follows: )5.0()5()5.4(
)(
−++
⋅= cqE
e
q
e
(1). To bring the geometrical dimensionality of E to the value +4 the time t should have geometrical dimensionality +4 (with the length of the space l = +2):
2
1
)4(
)2(
)5()4(
⋅=
+
+
++
t
l
qE
e
q
e
, which indirectly indicates that the energy of charge can not be separated from the total energy-weight of electron. And it is, therefore, its integral and indivisible part of it. The calculation of the energy of the electron charge as follows:
)1()5()4( −++
⋅= cqE
e
q
e
at the same time, the time t has the geometric dimensionality +3 (with a length in the space of l =+2):
⋅=
+
+
++
)3(
)2(
)5()4(
t
l
qE
e
q
e
(2). However, the total energy of charge of the electron in this case, many times greater than the value of the energy-weight of electron, which is in contrary with law of Conservation of energy. If we assume: that the law of Conservation of energy dominates in Universe, it is the most logical to assume change of speed of a current of time inside of the electron. And thus, the most exact calculation of the energy of the electron charge in the first formula, although this energy and can not be emitted separately because it is pressure Supervacuum, which comes out through the measurements of space – creating an electric charge. And the rest of the pressure, load Supervacuum, – forming the electron mass. Of all the formulas, only the formula for calculating the total momentum of the electron has to deal with the electron. Time in this formula to bring momentum to the geometrical dimensionality +5 has geometrical dimensionality +3.5. The formula for calculating the total energy-mass of the electron has to do with the annihilation of an electron. Equations (1 and 2) calculate the total energy of the electric charge of an electron and an electron have to deal with no electric charge (if you delete this energy), which is probably impossible. So. It only remains only the formula of the electron momentum at which the electron does not have to lose the rest mass and electric charge. That is, the electron does not annihilate. The geometrical dimensionality of time concerning the formula for the momentum (+5) is equal to +3.5. "The paradox of the electron" is explained! It is a little about "predictions" – it is possible, "the main" events "are written down" in zero space, and fine details of these events "are synthesized" during evolution. Further. If to surround internal volume of object with generators of compression and to turn on 180
0
electrodes on gimbals which compress two electric measurements 26
(magnetic it is possible to leave motionless), can be, it will be possible to "turn" space into antispace. And to pass, thus, into Antiuniverse. If there will be no problem with symmetry. Departure of substance from our Universe should be accompanied by arrival in our Universe of probably antimatter. If such rigid restriction isn't present, it is possible to get into Antiuniverse independently. And if there is, you have to negotiate with any civilization in the Antiuniverse about a mutual exchange and synchronous transition. Direct contact of matter and an antimatter at this transition shouldn't be, as, each of these objects is in it’s own space for the same time unit. Or it is necessary to search for suitable points in the Universe for transition. For rotation the electrodes, the space inside the unit should be curved so that the discoid form of the "saucer" shape have passed into a ball shape. And thus, the rotation of the electrodes was without obstacles. And, at last. What kind of power can be at flying "saucers"? It is possible that the acceleration time can increase the rate of disintegration of some radioactive elements so that they without neutron’s decelerators can well provide a sufficient amount of energy. It is possible that the rapid disintegration of neutrons and other particles can produce ion and electron currents without intermediate emitting of thermal energy. In any case, without the excess of its emitting. Electrons produced at the disintegration of neutrons, could give the current. It is impossible to exclude that loss by the ability spaceship quickly to accelerate time in a power compartment (having exhausted accumulators) and impossibility to take enough energy from an astable matter and results, thus, crew of such object in necessity to take away a part of energy from the high voltage electric system that then, having accelerated time in a power compartment, again to pass to a self-sufficiency. It is possible that the "saucers" do not use these outdated and cave sources of energy, but use directed annihilation of electrons, and accelerating emitting electromagnetic field thus remained ("not finished") electrons. This is such a gorgeous instrument! Electricity heaps! If at acceleration time not only the mass of the particles decreases, but their electrical charge. And, on the contrary, at slowing down time, these parameters increase. This explains that the energy of the proton charge 32% of the total energy-mass but at the electron only 3.38% of the total energy-mass, i.e., the time inside the electron flows faster, which makes the "weight" of the electron charge is very small in comparison, with the weight of the charge of the proton. The strength of the electric charge is determined only by the ability of micromeasurement of space (structural element of the space) to pass through a charge, and which is the same for proton and electron. A charge energy of these particles in both cases exceeds this bandwidth (throughput), and does, therefore, the electric charges equivalent. Quite probably that at a high-frequency pulsation of speed of time in some volume of space (acceleration–deceleration), some particles can spontaneously annihilate, because that "elements" of Supervacuum "have not time" to be 27
reconstructed that leads to disconnection of measurements of particles and the release of energy. Now about the engine of similar flying machines. The word "engine" is in quotes not accidental. Rather, the engine in our understanding at extraterrestrial spaceships simply isn't present. Because the motion in space – is a type of geometric deformation of the space itself. When you travel in the car, the angles and geometric shapes of objects around you change – this is a change in the geometry of space. Speed – is one of deformations of cells of space through which the object moves, and these cells in turn influence on object geometry, bending it (the Lorentz compression of length). Thus, if to compensate gravitational deformation of cells of space in a cabin of such object, such object can "hang" in a planet gravitational field. As and to move in any direction of a curvature of cells of space in a cabin. The problem is simplified at acceleration time in a machine. Rapidly "rotating" cell of space less curved and less susceptible to the gravitational field of the planet. And the unit itself – have less inertia. Thus, redistributing loading on less "viscous" Supervacuum at the top of a cabin (movement upwards or "hang" – depends on loading size), in the bottom of a cabin (movement downwards), at the left (movement to the left), on the right (movement to the right), it is possible to cause a various microbend of cells of space in a cabin and reaction of space which "pushes" a cabin in a direction of a bend of cells. Most likely, power electromagnets (pushing away) are located along the external case in a zone of accelerated time and turns on serially, it is possible, by signals from the computer of the ship which can analyze the synthesized image on the spherical or cylindrical screen inside the ship, and also, at the command of pilots. If the space inside the "saucer" is different from the outside one, then this object can not obey the law of Conservation of momentum, as this law operates in relation to the same space, but not in relation to different spaces with different numbers of measurements (dimensions) and other course of time. And also, the impulse is an odd deformation of +5, that is, not divisible by 2. And thus, flying "saucer" can move in space, without throwing out from itself substance and without spending the weight. Generation of multidimensional spaces can create illusion of plural images in consciousness of pilots that can complicate orientation and a ship-handling. Therefore, the automation at high level – it is a prerequisite at creation of such technique, which radius of action can be really colossal. Up to flights to other galaxies! Without saying that such devices can (theoretically get into the Antiuniverse and travel there. At return transition into our Universe they can appear far back in the past and photograph our planet in a century of dinosaurs or primitive people. The main thing is not to leave "footprints". From the energy point of view it is dangerous not paradox in time and change of a course of Evolution, but simply threatens life of travelers in time. Perhaps, when we get into the past the structure of our body has to be different from the ordinary, and whose state depends from our actions. And paradox of time – it is simple an invention of fantasts! The law of Conservation of energy also isn't broken, as, from the Antiuniverse the equivalent exchange in weight of substance is already made. 28
Acceleration or deceleration of time inside the ship should be done gradually so as not to cause mental disorders, or an attack of nausea at the crew and the passengers, whom they take on board. Now a little break. About ball lightning To acknowledge existence of this natural phenomenon, physists refused about hundred years. What could it be? For a linear lightning discharge requires two areas in atmosphere space. One is charged negatively, and another is positive. If at the beginning of a lightning strike, when the electron’s package has departed from the negatively charged area with a speed from one hundred to two thousand kilometers per second, he did not have possibility to reach the area with a positive charge, because of what happened during the flight of the electrons second lightning strike with a shorter path discharge (humidity in the second discharge was higher, and the electrical resistivity was below), in a such very much rare case, the package of electrons appears free. Lightning in the case as if "missed" without hitting in target. The zone with a positive charge at this time ceased to exist. Electrons in this package have the same negative charge and by a rule of classical physics should be scatter in different directions, starting from one another. However, it can not happen. In a flying package of electrons scattering is prevented by a stream of air which in the form of a hemisphere or a cone flows round flying electrons from different directions. If air is saturated with water steam and droplets, the package the released electrons can mix with water vapor and forming a low-temperature plasma consisting of a complex of hydroxyl ions OH
– and H
2
O water molecules and electrons can exist in this form, a few minutes. Protons p
+
can form in aqueous solutions of acids, positively charged hydronium ion H
3
O
+
, which gives the sour taste of acids. A similar complex can exist and electrons e
– with the water. Forming a complex with water molecules and hydroxyl groups OH
–
, electrons are shielded from scattering and are kept in a kind of a spherical shining sphere in diameter from several centimeters (time of existence some seconds), up to 10–20 cm or more (lifetime up to several minutes). Of course, the electrons and water molecules on the surface of a ball thrown out with a hiss and hum, as the chemical force holding the electrons is maximum inside the ball and on the surface, this force is not so great. In fact, the fireball – it is a ball consisting of several drops of water (as steam) and a powerful electron charge, hissing and flying out, reducing the geometric dimensions and ionizing the air around. With a high content of electrons and a small amount of water vapor, the color of lightning – white or blue. Such an object tends to disappear with the explosion. At higher content of water vapor, and a smaller number of electrons, the color of lightning – yellow or red-orange. These lightnings disappear silently, without the explosion, having exhausted the electric charge. Attempts to insert into a fireball an object (something to throw into it), will most likely to violate the screening of the electric field of the electrons (due to partial precipitation of the electrons on an object 29
which penetrated into the luminous zone of lightning) and the subsequent explosive spreading of the electrons and water vapor as well as uniformity of shielding and chemical interaction in the inner zone of the ball will be worsening. The energy of a linear lightning is estimated at 10 – 100 kg of TNT. A force of the explosion a fireball from 50 to 200 g of TNT. Thus, without loss of energy of ball lightning during its existence before the explosion, it is possible to estimate its energy as 1/2000 – 1/500 (0.05% – 0.2%) of the energy of linear discharge. If we assume that the fireball before the explosion, " has grown thin " from the point of view of its energy in 10 times, and in this case its energy (at the time of existence) does not exceed 0.5% – 2% of the energy of a linear lightning. That is, only a minute quantity of electrons have incorporated into water steam, temporarily stabilizing their "free" existence. By the way, average diameter of a linear lightning ≈ 16 sm, the same diameter describes also the majority of eyewitnesses of a fireball. Eyewitnesses who assert that saw "a black" fireball, most likely, saw optical effect of negative sight which arises, because of blinding of a part of a retina of an eye by strong light within several seconds, that they without stopping looked at this "miracle". After that, at attempt to look at this sphere again, they could see it in a dark color on the background of the area around which was shiny, because the retina at creating of the light spot (phosphene) temporarily lost its sensitivity to light, and the neighboring area of the retina remained sensitivity to light and thus, there was the effect of "negative" when looking at the brighter the object, it seems darker against the neighboring illuminated objects that are not considered blinded area of the retina. At explosion of spherical area, the electric charge quickly decreases, generating a strong variable magnetic field which, in turn, generates electric field that leads to effect of an electromagnetic induction. The induction (its manifestation) in the closed metal subjects is especially strong. For example: metal rings – the electrocurrent even melts them. Thundercloud – a gravity-convectional separator, which provides a spatial separation of electric charges, by means of ascending streams of air, which carrying away upwards the easy drops of water bearing higher density of an electric charge, than heavier drops going downwards. Specific surface area to mass ratio at lights drops more than the specific area at heavy drops, and the electrification of droplets occurs under the influence of air friction on their surface. When increasing the voltage between the opposite regions of cloud to a certain value (up to 4 billion volts), there is an electrical breakdown of air (a series of pulses from 2 – 3 up to 50) in the form of a branching channel with corresponding light and sound effects occurs. Teleportation The law of Conservation of energy doesn't forbid such process when some physical object disappears in one place of space and then appears in other place of 30
space and which has an identical energy potential. Or identical height over a planet surface. If an energy potential of a final point of teleportation is higher, for carrying out this process energy is necessary to spend in addition. If an energy potential of a final point more low in this case, "superfluous" energy in addition is liberated. At teleportation the physical object for purpose achievement shouldn't pass consistently through all points of three-dimensional space on a movement way, and by "jump" appears in other place of this three-dimensional space. Now we will create two objects on some distance from each other. Inside each object we will generate penta-dimensional or hexa-dimensional space and we will bend space cells in each of these objects so that these two objects have formed is mutual-complementary pair. Cells of spaces inside these objects should have mutual-symmetric orientation, either to a bend 31
The mass is formed by copying loading on Supervacuum in one object and reproduction of this copy inside other object as "viscosity" of Supervacuum in both systems equally very low (high speed of time) and they form "the connected" incorporated system, because of is mutual-symmetric deformation in each of objects of system. This explanation for descriptive reasons. That is, there is no necessity to pass through three-dimensional space with high "viscosity" and through all problems which this "viscosity" creates. Examples of the interconnected systems: 1. Two bent mirrors directed against each other (two paraboloids of rotation – for example). These are two two-dimensional spaces bent in three-dimensional space. And they possess ability to strengthen (to focus) the electromagnetic beam which has been let out from focus of one of mirrors. And also, many times to reflect the ray. Mirrors from multidimensional spaces can transmit not only electromagnetic energy, but also physical objects having mass of rest. It is possible to bend only cells of multidimensional spaces. The form of such object can be and not bent. 2. Two bubbles of air in water. In one of bubbles there is some cargo. At approachment of bubbles they can incorporate, and cargo can be transferred from volume of one bubble in volume of other bubble. After, bubbles can be divided again into pair initial and to remove them from each other. Action principle: the object (cargo) doesn't pass through water with high viscosity (three-dimensional space), and all time is in air with low viscosity (multidimensional space). The same process, but only for spaces with different number of measurements and which more than three (low viscosity), leads to effect of teleportation. At teleportation process, speed of a current of time shouldn't change very sharply as it can threaten health or life of live beings. Probably time to adapt about few minutes is tolerated by living organisms. Pilots of flying "saucers" can in flight at fulfillment of mutual-symmetric maneuver transmit from a board of one spaceship into another various subjects. And even, to make replacement of one crew by another. The operation can be performed not only in the atmospheres of the planets, but also in Outer Space! It can demand only several seconds, considering that time in such spaceships can be accelerated in hundreds times! And in time of approchement of the ships, – it is already done. There is a following question? Is it possible, in principle, to project and materialize a biological object, in a point of space not protected by the special screen? In principle it is possible. It is necessary to use multiple generators (radars) directed very precisely (focused) at one point. The power of generators likely should be super great, that to influence on state Supervacuum outside of the screens (flying "saucers") at a sufficient distance from them. For example. On the surface of the planet. At the same time probably the whole sky would blaze of light extraordinary strength and color that can visually dazzle the eye-witnesses of this process. It will be difficult for them to define: what was it? How much it is safe for the person (materialization), it is impossible to tell definitely. Time of departure point and the at the point of arrival may vary. This difference depends – from capacity of generators. 32
From elementary particles, the electron is most suitable for teleportation as it is closest to the multidimensional spaces with accelerated current of time. Though, stake only on properties of the electron can be imprudent. As a matter of fact, all evolution of Organic Life, – is a development all new and new volumes of space. In the future and new properties of space. Flyer If a crew cabin to take out for limits of a zone of curvature of space in UFO, for example – upward, such device can be called – a flyer. Advantage of such scheme before the flying saucer – the independent view on 360
0
from electronic devices (videocameras, a radars and so forth). That does such device very convenient for transportation, research flights over the surface of various planets, including Earth. See picture № 8 Picture № 8 However such device has small radius of action as, the cabin though can be made tight for flight in rarefied air and even near Outer Space, can't move in multidimensional space created inside the engine. That is, at very considerable acceleration of time "engine" can "disappear" in multidimensional space, and the cabin remains in three-dimensional space. Therefore, such device can effectively replace both the helicopter and the plane simultaneously, without demanding accelerating strip. For flights in distant Outer Space this device isn't suitable. Other advantage of such device is an ease of loading and an unloading from it. Transportation of cargoes on a cable, having thus the good independent view. And also, not susceptibility of crew to action of the bent space with the changed course of time. Only the level of the gravitational field in the cabin can be reduced, due to the screening effect created by disk with curved space, provided that within disk time is accelerated flows, in comparison with the time inside the cabin. If at switching of electromagnets stability of such design appears insufficient it makes sense to establish on a curve surface of a disk of 8–12 disks of smaller diameter and which are located to perpendicularly big disk. Their mission: to prevent sliding downwards the device at its inclination. And also, spontaneous movement in any direction at change of the center of gravity in the device if compensating action of devices being inside the big disk appears insufficient. Similar problems (but, to a 33
lesser degree) will arise at placing of a power disk at the top of a cabin. Such scheme of the device is steadier in air, however on a surface of a planet such device will be much less steady, than made under the first scheme. Disks – stabilizers also can take an auxiliary role of "engine" at a device inclination on 90
0
. At inverted variant can work up to half of installed disks, and at not inverted, only a quarter. That is, six of twelve and three of twelve. It what for, them is necessary about 12. The inverted mode – this is, when the curvature of space inside the disk is reversed by the vector of pushing. At use of this mode – in case of a flyer turning up side down, it won't fall to a surface of a planet with the doubled speed, and will continue to hang over its surface provided that automatics will work irreproachably. Stabilizer disks can turn on 90
0
that can increase pushing force of a flyer, and also, take functions of the main engine at failure of the main disk. Besides, these auxiliary disks can increase both horizontal speed of a flyer, and its maneuverability. Helicopters and planes use effect bent condensed space (gas), changing its pressure above and in the bottom of a wing – decreasing and increasing it accordingly, and according with aerodynamics laws. And the flyer uses effect of bent spatial "gas" (usual space) by means of electromagnetic means. That will allow to use similar devices for fulfillment of research flights over a surface of planets without atmosphere (the Moon, etc.) or with very rarefied atmosphere (Mars, etc.). So usual force of an attraction to the Earth is a curvature of three dimensions of space. This curvature keeps air in our atmosphere and gives the possibility to us to breathe and fly. Sparks from the electrified clothes is a curvature of two dimensions of space. The attraction and pushing away of constant magnets is a curvature of one dimension of space. As it is possible to see: the curvature of space – it is quite a common phenomenon, which always accompanies us in life. Analysis of the categories of our Universe Let's short consider the basic categories in the Universe: space, time and a matter. Let's use by process of elimination and we will check up distribution of these parameters from the point of view of their subordination each other. Whether there can be a space without a matter? In intergalactic space there are not enough matters and the space "does not notice" it. We do a conclusion: that can. Whether there can be a space without time? Inside collapsed stars (black holes) time should stop completely, but, nevertheless, the radius-diameter, and, hence, volume of such objects can be calculated. We do a conclusion: that can. Whether there can be time without space? We define time on sequence of movement. And movement occurs in space. 34
We do a conclusion: there is a problem. Whether there can be time without a matter? In intergalactic space the ray of light moves almost also as well as near stars and planets. Means, speed which structure includes also time function, exists and without a matter. We do a conclusion: that can. Whether there can be a matter without space? Inside «a black hole» the matter density comes nearer to the limiting. And nevertheless, the volume of any space there is. Let even not the three-dimensional. Thus, the matter has no infinite density. We do a conclusion: without volume (space) the matter can't exist. Whether there can be a matter without time? Inside «a black hole» time is almost equal to zero. However the gravitational field and, hence, weight of a matter exists. We do a conclusion: the matter can exist without time. Unique parameter (essence) which doesn't depend almost on existence of others parameters – only space. It has least problems. Hence, is the most important parameter of our Universe. Other parameters are compelled to depend from it. With these categories we have understood. Now there stay three physical fields: electric, magnetic and gravitational. Each of them can exist and without others. The source of this fields can be both, the matter, and a matter can be formed from electric and magnetic fields (variables). Equality of the rights: the right of a matter for generation of fields, and the right of fields for matter generation. Total: 50 % by 50 %. The electromagnetic field (variables of electric and magnetic fields) can exist and without matter (traveling billions years on the Universe). Matter that does not contain at least the way the electric and magnetic fields, so far generally not found! So, while it turns out that electric and magnetic fields are more independent from a matter, than a matter from them! All fields operates in space and depends from it. The electromagnetic field (dynamic field) depends from time only. The others: gravitational, and static: magnetic and electric, most likely, depends from time as they changing in time a little by little. At time stop – there will be a termination of gravitational, magnetic and electric interactions, but fields in essence remains. Let's consider now physical fields in relation to space. The gravitational field bends flight of the light beam flying perpendicularly to a vector of force of this field, and changes its frequency if the beam flies along a vector of force of this field. Thus, the gravitational field bends (distorts by means of deformation) all three geometrical measurements of our space. This is – three-dimensional physical field, which power lines go to infinity. Electric field is in regular intervals distributed on a sphere surface. The surface area is a two-dimensional space. It is unimportant, whether it is bent round three-
dimensional space (for example – sphere) or it flat (curvature is equal to zero). Any area of a body – is a category of two-dimensional space. 35
This is – two-dimensional physical field, which power lines go to infinity (we mean the single charged sphere). The magnetic field is non-uniformly distributed on a sphere surface. Independently doesn't exist almost. It is formed at movement of the charged particles possessing electric field. Power lines start with one point and by the closed trajectory enter into other point on a surface of a magnetized body (sphere). Two points with maximum concentration of a bunch of magnetic power lines are connected by a straight line inside a sphere (or coil) along which, power lines of a magnetic field are almost parallel. Thus, a magnetic field, most likely, is – one-dimensional physical field, with the closed power lines. With physical fields we too have understood. Now it is necessary to clear one more question. Intermittently space or it is continuous and it can be divided to infinitely small quantities. If the space is continuous, it, shouldn't have structure or any other limiters. That is, the velocity of light should be unlimited. There should be no restrictions on the minimum length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation and time of course of nuclear and other processes. However, and the length of a wave at an infinite velocity of light, too will be infinite. The energy should be transmitted through space continuously and not to break up into small pieces (portions). Elementary particles should be very contrast firm balls. What do we have actually? The velocity of light is for some reason limited on Universal scales very small value of less than one-third of a million kilometers per second. Gamma-rays with a wavelength shorter than 10
-16
m are not detected. Time of course of nuclear processes and interaction of particles at their collisions, not less, than 10
-25 – 10
-26
part of second. Energy of electromagnetic radiation, on what frequency it wouldn't be radiated, always transmitted in the separate portions-photons. Energy of these portions grows at frequency increase. Also grows in linear dependence. Elementary particles possess wave properties because of what it is impossible to name them as very contrast and firm balls. So. We see that in the space-time is a limiter. And the space-time is capable to elastic deformations which change parameters of all other objects in the Universe. Studying of this "essence", is a way for the further development of physics and technological progress. It is curious that force of pushing away of measurements at electron: F = m
e
c
4
is equal to 7358 newtons or 750.5 kg-forces (force is resulted on "electronic" time). The same force pushing away of measurements at proton: F = m
p
c
4
is equal to 1,3489·10
7
newtons, or 1,375·10
6
kg-forces, or 1375 tons! (force is resulted on "proton" time). Calculations are made assuming that the speed of light can be converted without substantial error Joules into the Newtons and vice versa. That is, 36
unmistakably, without additional factors, transform these deformations in the range of +2 and +4. For deformations +4 and +6 it is proved. Let's calculate now. What power is hidden in the human body? Take only the amount for the calculation of the nucleons (particles of atomic nucleus), since the electrons are very light by weight and can be ignored, and since the error in the calculation, anyway surpass their influence. We use for this oxygen atom with mass number 16. The human body is consisting about 90% of water. And take it weight in 60 kg. Avogadro's number: 6,02·10
23
, i.e., in 16 grams of oxygen contains so much of the oxygen atoms (it is considered as atomic). Hence, 2323
10225751002.6
16
60000
⋅=⋅⋅
g
g
or 2,2575·10
27
nucleus of oxygen atoms. In each nucleus 16 nucleon (proton or neutron to equate the mass, since the difference at 0.136%). Nucleons, thus, 36,12·10
27
. Calculate the total force of all the nucleons: 36,12·10
27
x1,375·10
6
(kg-
forces) = 49,665·10
33
kg-forces, or 49,665·10
30
ton-forces. For comparison. The mass of the Sun 1,99·10
27
tons, or 332 958 Earth’s masses. Or the total power within the substance with an average atomic weight of oxygen and a total weight in 60 kg in 24 thousand 957 times exceeds weight of the Sun or the force that should be applied to the Sun, to set it in motion with an acceleration of 9.81 m/s
2
. It is possible to approximate. And to tell. That the strength of the closed dimensions of space in the average man exceeds the solar mass in 25 000 times, and the Earth's mass in 8.32 billion times! This force can be released at annihilation of the substance. Interesting! Can we, by effort thought or by will lift into the air any subject, or at least move it? Or bend metal spoons, provided that they are not made of nitinol: the alloy of nickel and titanium in a ratio of 1:1, and that even from the heat of the hand can restore its original position before the deformation and vice versa? Question opened. The shown calculation shows transfer (recalculation) of weight (mass) of all particles of our body in equivalent force of a curvature of volume of space which we occupy. Of course, the equivalent force of the masses of the Earth and the Sun is much greater. And the impact of this terrible power, which under our feet, we can feel, without moving from his seat, at a distance and quite large. And it, we name a gravitational field of our planet which rotates round the Sun, being already in a zone of a curvature of space created by superforce this star. This force holds more than a dozen planets at a considerable distance, not allowing them to fly apart in Space. At least, this system (geometric dimensionality) has worked well in the calculation of the limiting density of matter: ρ(d)=mc
6
; ρ(d)=m
e
c
6.5 d
me
=1.14·10
25
kg/m
3
(approximately in 10 million times more proton density (for ½ space cell)) (for "electronic" time) ρ(d)=m
p
c
6
d
mp
=1.21·10
24
kg/m
3
(about a million times greater than the density of the proton). 37
It explains that infinitely big mass in a black hole at time stop (t=0) and can not to be. If time in the Universe is accelerated, and for performance of the Law of Conservation of energy the mass of the Universe (objects in it) should decrease (reduction of a gravitational constant) in a limiting condition, speed of a current of time should increase in the Universe up to some critical value (time growth), and the mass to decrease almost to zero, as well as value of gravitational interaction (energy degradation). Thus, time is accelerated at the expense of energy degradation (energy in a broad sense this word), and "viscosity" of Supervacuum – decreases. If to consider micromeasurements of space by zones of anisotropy of Supervacuum with low "viscosity", and all other Supervacuum has a little big "viscosity", that creates qualitative distinction between them. For space cells, this distinction – is minimum, and for the closed cells (matter particles), this distinction – is maximum. That, in the course of Universe evolution, "viscosity" of zero space should be leveled, as, this "viscosity" decreases, because of the general acceleration of time and decrease in density of energy-mass in the Universe. The Universe volume grows. And thus, "dimensions" of our space should break up (to be dissolved in Supervacuum) and the three-dimensional space will stop the existence (not in the near future!). Also disappear and its derivatives – radiations, elementary particles. Time, having accelerated to some maximum (very low "viscosity" S.V.) will start to degrade, increasing "viscosity" S.V., as, time is a function of multidimensional space. And with disintegration of three-dimensional space, for this function there will be difficulties with realization. Thus, accelerated time will start to pass into other form of existence in Supervacuum, most likely, will start to concentrate pressure inside S.V. In some zone, creating instability of this space. Thus there is slow down of a course of time (time degradation) and increase in "viscosity" of Supervacuum in some zone (energy-pressure growth). At achievement of some critical "viscosity" of Supervacuum and almost full stop of time, the Supervacuum will start to burst in various directions, reducing in very narrow limits "viscosity" and thus, the new multidimensional space and the Universe will start to be created. The space thus, should be not obligatory three-
dimensional. Difficulties with scattering of a considerable quantity of micromeasurements (cracks inside S.V.) in the new formed Universe also generate structures with the closed form of micromeasurements (matter). And which, reserves a part of energy (pressure) of the new multidimensional space which have arisen at the moment of a birth. Thus, we can imagine this process as oscillatory, at which "viscosity" S.V. changes from extremely high (the moment of a birth of the Universe), to extremely low (the death of the Universe). Then return and repeated process follows. Probably that the number of micromeasurements in the new Universe can be another. Interaction of various grades of deformations of space also is our observable World. So. Energy – it is zones with increased "viscosity" of Supervacuum. At radiation – only in anisotropic channels S.V., in the presence of mass – not only in channels S.V., but also in isotropic zones S.V. (the closed cells). At evolution of 38
the Universe energy gradually degrades, and instead of it, time is accelerated. Then, after disintegration of three-dimensional space (and during disintegration), starts to degrade already time, increasing pressure in S.V. (its "viscosity") that reserves (or creates) new energy for explosion of the new Universe and the subsequent interaction of deformations of new space among themselves (displaying and selecting of the most highly effective forms – reason). In the Nature there is a dilemma: a great number of degrees of freedom – low density of energy (pressure) or small number of degrees of freedom in space – high density of energy (pressure). And the Nature solves this dilemma – by method of fluctuations. One of phases of this fluctuation is an Evolution of our Universe. How pressure from the closed cell of space which breaks symmetry and thus is transmitted, bends three-dimensional space what causes a gravitational field to action? And the same as action electric and magnetic fields in channels of anisotropy S.V. is transmitted? Certainly, to project logic of three-dimensional space on zero one rather risky, but it is possible to assume all the same at least, existence of two models. First. "Static": Supervacuum may consist of "elements" and property which simulates spring. If these "elements" are in a disorganized state, the length of such a space can not be measured. If these "elements" are united in a chain, then it is by measured of space. In the compressed condition such spring reserves energy-force (increasing "viscosity"). At straightening, energy-force is liberated ("viscosity" reduction). If a spring to stretch more than critical size it again reserves energy-
force ("viscosity" increasing). Interaction of "rotating" the springs of different "size" ("electric " and "magnetic") and creates our three-dimensional space. Chaotically directed springs (isotropic Supervacuum) are compressed in the presence of the closed cell of space as, the closed chain of springs of which the elementary particle consists, doesn't allow close located springs (chaotically focused) completely to be straightened, as leads to compression of space and its asymmetry out of the closed cell (particle) that bends a linear arrangement of cells of space (a curvature of structure of space). Imbalance in the "force" of pushing away "elements" of Supervacuum and creates the effect of the gravitational attraction a zone of asymmetrical space to another area of asymmetric space. The total asymmetry after approaching of the particles close to each other – is reduced. The second model. "Dynamic": rotating (using three-dimensional equivalent) linear measurements in the form of springs react the same way as in the "static" model, but at gravitational interaction mechanism is somewhat different. Rotating both linear and curved micromeasurements can at rotation, create a whirlwind of "elements" of Supervacuum, partially carrying away them behind itself (or synchronizing their rotation), and interaction of these whirlwinds among themselves and leads to gravitational effects. A curvilinear whirlwind from "elements" of Supervacuum near a particle, interacting with the rectilinear whirlwind created by a usual cell of space, leads to change of the form by last as, not closed cell of space has the least rigid design, by-comparison, with the closed 39
cell of space (particle) which possesses a rigid design, as leads to change of the form of the least rigid cell of usual space. Summarizing influence huge weight of elementary particles also leads to an appreciable curvature of space, that is, bent cells of space by chain transfer accumulating deformation of three dimensions. The dynamic model can not work inside a black hole – in the zone of limiting curvature of three-dimensional space, because the stop time, and, therefore, the termination of three-dimensional motion. Though this restriction for "elements" S.V. can be and disputable. It is difficult to say. Whether has Supervacuum homogeneous enough structure consisting of homogeneous "elements", but incorporating among themselves in the various ways, or the Supervacuum structure consists of several diverse "elements" and which incorporate only between corresponding "grades" of these "elements"? This is still an open question. Can the S.V. record and store information, as well as to synthesize and reproduce it like a huge memory? This is also a question for the science of the future. At least, exact enough predictions of some events, it is possible to explain easily this property. Considering that our Universe should have a counterbalance – the Antiuniverse, structure S.V. should represent a great interest for a future science. The development of science and technology goes through three main stages: First – it is discovery in the science and psychological adaptation to the new. It makes approximately 20–30 years. That is, one generation should grow and start to perceive new, as self-evident. The second – time between new effects, and operating principles in science and technology based on new discoveries. It approximately 50–70 years. Or life of two – three new generations. Third, – the embodiment of new discoveries in technology and bring this technology to good performance by efficiency and compactness that is easy to use. It approximately 100–200 years. These periods are taken from the history of electromagnetism and nuclear physics, and follow from this history automatically. Nuclear technology didn't leave yet the second stage, due to the unresolved problem of nuclear fusion, and also, not enough high safety of nuclear reactors at all errors of their operation. The science about space and time is in the very beginning of the first stage, as experience of the previous generations and their discoveries made in the end of XIX beginning of the XX-th centuries haven't been to the full realized and transferred the future generations. The mankind had in the XX-th century much more important issues. These are two world wars and the subsequent expenditure of means for arms. The science in this century was financed basically under military orders. Thus, development of a science and technology connected with studying of space-time for almost century – has stopped. The mankind has appeared isn't ready to continue the development on this direction. The relativity theory was taught in higher educational institutions rather formally and facultative. Moreover, not the knowledge of this theory even is considered "a superior intelligence" sign! XX-th century demanded the increasing expenses on energy and 40
weapon creating. In the sixties this century even there was a hypothesis: «judge about development of this or that civilization by quantity of energy which it consumes and emits». Even it was offered to consider that Reasonable Life in our Galaxy doesn't exist, if we not in a condition to observe huge power emission of such "superreasonable" civilization! On this hypothesis, our Sun should be populated by very intelligent beings, which brought his power, up to a fantastic amount, part of which goes to us, in the form of sunlight and heat! The surprising logic! If the mankind manages to cope with greed and stupidity which inevitably lead to wars, in the long term we can receive an exit to other worlds including occupied other reasonable beings which can be will help us, to overcome our backwardness in science, technology and medicine. But for this purpose, it is necessary to rise on a step above our moral and intellectual development. It is necessary to remember: that through 300 – 500 years on this planet will live not abstract our descendants, but our new embodiment. What will be this world in which we will appear again? Destroyed and looted? It depends on us! If we consider, – that we live here only once, and then, the kind uncle will send us in paradise or a hell. That is a very naive view! We create a hell or paradise here! On this planet! And the Nature will take care to send our souls back, on THIS planet! And we should look in that we have done! And then all will understand wisdom of the ancients and which we once were: the moral and ethical behavior – the behavior is most successful for the most rapid development for all mankind. The soul − is a geometrical combination of nucleotides in your DNA. At reproduction of such combination on 98–99 % in a new live being and will create a new body with your Soul. These combinations most typical for our planet and the probability to appear in other World – is insignificant. Though such possibility also exists. If humankind will solve the problems with the transport of matter, bypassing the three-dimensional space, it will open prospects to receive a part of necessary resources from a surface others planets. Such as: Moon, Mars. This is only the first step. Transportation of today's technology in space is economically inefficient, and that hampers the development of Space research and exploration. Today for cargo delivery only into an orbit of the Earth it is necessary to "burn and throw out up to 95% and more of all weight of the starting rocket. Yet lower indicators for delivery of cargoes to the Moon and Mars that does unprofitable any minerals on these planets. The development of processing technology of space in the future, will help reduce the cost of transportation in Outer Space and to get access to resources of other planets. This article is intended for future generations (the same for us), to which should solve these problems. Article purpose: to help to start to be guided with these problems and to overcome an inferiority complex which arises at all who tries to undertake this theme. 16th January 2012 Andrey Vladimirovich Polevikov 41
See other publications of the author In article fragments of the text and pictures from the book were used: «Essentials of Modern Physics», which authors: VIRGILIO AKOSTA, CLYDE L. COWAN, B.J. GRAHAM. HARPER & ROW, PUBLISHERS New York, Evanston, San Francisco, London 1981 russian re-edition (background to the studying of space-time). Directory on the Physics and Technology. Author: Enohovich Anatoly Sergeevich (graphs the dependence of mass and length of the body from its velocity). Moscow "Education" in 1983, 1989 0844794-51 
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