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The Australian Climate

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The Australian Climate
Prepared by Marianna Vlasik
Key points:
The Australian climate is not just hot –
it offers a climate to suit everyone across its eight states and territories
Situated in the southern hemisphere, Australia’s seasons are at opposite times to the northern hemisphere
Australia’s tropical region also has a ‘wet’ and a ‘dry’ season
Australia’s north is hotter, where its tropics and outback are located
Australia’s south is typically cooler, with the southern most state, Tasmania, receiving an icy breeze from Antarctica
Interesting thing
Australia is a very big country. Some will be surprised to know that the United States of America and Australia are roughly the same size. Interestingly, the USA and Australia also share a myriad of climate zones, from hot humid summers to below zero freezing winters, and pretty much anything in between
Australian seasons follow the sequence:
* Winter months in Australia are June, July and August
* Spring months in Australia are September, October and November
* Summer months in Australia are December, January and February
* Autumn months in Australia are March, April and May
* Rainy season between December to February
The Australian seasons
The c
limatic zones in Australia
Tropical and Equatorial Zones
The Tropical and Equatorial Zones includes the coast of the Northern Territory, north of Broome in Western Australia, The northern part of the Queensland coast north of Mackay and including Cape York.
Tropical and Equatorial temperatures are high pretty much all year, with no frosts and with an average high temperature above 30C (86F) and an average lowest temperature of 15C (59F). The most distinguishing feature of the Tropical and Equatorial climate distinct features the monsoon (also known as the wet season)
Subtropical Zone
The Subtropical Zone is a coastal zone commencing from 30
18' 0" S Latitude (Coffs Harbour, NSW) north through the NSW/QLD border through Brisbane and as far north to Mackay. In WA, it is also only found to be coastal and from north of Exmouth to Broome and inland only as far as Halls Creek
Desert and Grassland Zones
Desert and Grassland Zones have an interesting characteristic in that the climatic environment can be very challenging with extremely high summer temperatures and cold winters. Average high temperatures are usually over 35
C (95
F) and can get as low as -
C (23
F). Because there is huge evaporation of water in this zone, droughts are very common. The Desert and Grassland Zone is found only in Central Australia
Warm Temperate Zone
The Warm Temperate zone includes inland Queensland, New South Wales tablelands, the coastal region south of Sydney and north as far as Coff’s Harbour. In Western Australia is approximately from the coastline at Exmouth south to Geraldton and westward inland as far as Meekathara. The average temperature in this climatic zone is arguably the most comfortable of all the climate zones found in Australia. Because the Warm Temperate Zones are found on the east and west coasts of Australia, and near the ocean, this brings warm comfortable non humid temperatures for the most part of the year, and cool to cold winters.
Mediterranean Zone
The Mediterranean zone can be found in much of the southern coastal parts of Australia from the eastern seaboard, through Melbourne, Adelaide and west to Perth. This climate is similar to the warm temperate zone climate, except that rainfall usually occurs in winter, with only slight rain during the summer months. The winters can be cool with average annual lowest temperatures down to 5
C (41
F). Very low humidity is experienced in this zone, which makes it a great climate for growing grapes and other stone fruits.
Cool Temperate & Alpine Zone
The Cool Temperate and Alpine Zone covers areas like Tasmania, the southern highlands of Canberra and the whole of the Australian Capital Territory, all high mountain areas including the Granite Belt of South East Queensland and the high tablelands of the NSW which include the townships of Armidale and Glenn Innes, as well as the southern Tablelands of NSW and the high country of Victoria.
Australia is a very big country with
many different climate zones."
Australia’s varying climates and temperatures offer the best of all worlds; one can enjoy a beautiful day on the beach or, with a trip to the Great Dividing Range, one can have a fun filled day skiing in the white winter snow. Thus Australian climate may be classified as arid or semi
arid in general. The northern parts are more tropical while the south and east enjoy moderate weather. The list of references
1. About Australia Weather// Available form URL:
2. Australian Climate// Available form URL: 3. Australian Climate
// Available form URL:
Australian weather and the seasons// Available form URL:
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