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English-speaking countries

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сведения об англо-говорящих странах
 THE WORLD AROUND US
ENGLISH
-
SPEAKING COUNTRIES Australia
The USA Canada
New Ze
a
land
THE UNITED KINGDOM OF
GREAT BRITAIN
England
Scotland
Wales
Northern Ireland
Alexei Semenkov
Stepan Psaryov
Vi
ctoria Popolitova
Ksenia Vasina
Maria Mitkina
Denis Tikho
nov
Ilia
Dogadin
Content
1. England.
2. Scotland.
3. Wales.
4. Northern Ireland.
5. The USA.
6. Canada.
7. Australia.
8. New Zealand.
England
T
he Flag of England
The Emblem of England
Geographical Position:
England is a country
that is the part of
the United Kingdom
. It shares land borders with Scotland
to the north and Wales
to the west; the Irish Sea
is to the north west, the Celtic Sea
to the south west and the North Sea
is to t
he east, with the English Channel
to the south separating it from
the
continental Europe
. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain
in the North Atlantic
. The country also includes over 100
smaller islands
such as the Isles of Scilly
and the Isle of Wight
.
Total area:
The total area of England is about 130 km
²
Population
:
7.4 million
The official languages:
English
Capital:
London
Climate
:
The climate is mild
Religion.
Christianity is the most widely practised religion in England. The largest form practised in the present day is Anglicanism
Political system:
As the part of the United Kingdom, the basic political system in England is a constitutional monarchy
and parliamentary system
. There has not been a Government of England
since 1707, when the Acts of Union 1707
, joined England and Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain
.
Before the union England was ruled by its monarch
and the Parliament of England
. Today England is governed directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom
, although other countries of the United Kingdom
have devolved
governments. But the Queen of England is the H
ead of State.
Victoria Popolitova
Scotland
The Flag of Scotland The Emblem of Scotland
Scotland
is now the administrative, political part of the UK, its historical province, whose inha
bitants can not forget that during the great period of history it has been an independent country.
Geographical Position:
Scotland occupies the northern part of the island Great Britain, as well as the smaller islands nearby: Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland
. The main area of Scotland to the west and north is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the east -
the North Sea, while to the south it borders on England.
Total area:
78.8 km
2
. Population
:
5 million 144 thousand people. The official languages:
Eng
lish, Scottish Gaelic.
Capital:
Edinburgh. Climate
:
a moderate oceanic, cooler and wetter than in the rest of the UK.
The motto:
of Scotland is “Nemo me impune lacessit” translated from Latin: "No one touches me with impunity." Political System:
S
ince 1999, the country has its own Parliament.
But the Head of State is the British Queen.
Religion:
The majority of believers belong to the Presbyterian Church.
Wales
T
he Flag of Wales The Emblem of Wales
Wales
is one of four major administrativ
e and political parts of the UK. I
n the past it was a conglomerate of independent Celtic kingdoms.
Geographical Position
:
Wales is located in the southwest of Br
itain, with three sides surrounded by the sea: by the Bristol Channel in the south, by
the St George Strait
in the south
-
west
,
by
the Irish Sea
in the north and west, by the mouth of the River Dee
in
the north
-
east
.
Climate:
a moderate oceanic, cooler an
d wetter than in the rest of the UK.
Total area:
20
779 km2
Population:
2 million 93 thousand 85 people
Currency:
pound Sterling.
The official languages:
English, Welsh.
Capital:
Cardiff.
The largest city:
Cardiff.
The motto:
of Wales is «Cymru am byth»
t
ranslated from Welsh: «Wales forever»
.
Political System:
Since 1998, the country has its own Parliament. But the Head of State is the British Queen.
Religion:
The majority of believers belong to the Presbyterian Church.
Kseniya Vasina
Northern Ireland
The
Flag
of
Northern
Ireland
The Emblem of Northern Ireland
Norther
n Ireland is now administrative
-
political part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, situated in the north
-
eastern part of the island of Ireland.
Geographical Position:
Northern Ireland -
this is an administrative and territorial uni
t of the UK, which includes only 6 of the 9 counties of Ulster.
Climate:
a moderate oceanic, cooler and wetter than in the rest of the UK.
Total area: 13,843 km
²
.
Population:
1 million 741 thousand 600 people.
Currency:
pound Sterling.
The official languag
es:
English, Irish, Ulster
-
Scots
.
Capital:
Belfast.
The largest city:
Belfast, Londonderry.
Political System:
Constitutional monarchy
Religion:
The majority of believers belong to the Catholic Church.
Maria Mitkina and Kseniya Vasina United States of America
Geographical position
–
Northern America
Capital
–
Washington
Population
–
309`204`770 people
Language
–
American
English
Square
–
9`371`890 km
2
Climate
–
In the north (Alaska) –
Arctic.
In the south (Hawaii, the south Florida) –
Tropical
Political system
–
Presidential republic
Religion
–
Protestantism, Catholicism, Judaism
Monetary unit
–
1 Dollar = 100 Cent
The longest river
–
Mississippi 3950 km
The lowest point
–
Death Valley (in California)
The highest point
–
Mount McKinley (in Alaska) –
6193 m
Canada
Hymn
O Canada! Our home and native la
nd!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide, O Canada,
We stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canad
a, we stand on guard for thee.
Geographical Position:
Canada is situated in North America. It is washed by the Pacific,
Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. It is the second largest country in the world. Climate:
Moderate and subarctic.
Administrative division
:
It has 10 provinces (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia) and 2 territories (Yukon and Northwest Territory). Currency:
Canadian dollar.
Total Area:
9,976,13
9 km2
Population:
31,186 mln people
Official language: English, French
Capital:
Ottawa
The largest cities:
Montreal, Vancouver, Toronto
Political System:
The Head of the State is t
he Queen of the United Kingdom. Canada is in the Commonwealth.
It has P
arlia
ment and governor
-
general.
Religion:
Catholics and Protestants Denis Tikhonov Australia.
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION
Australia
is the only country in the world which occupies a whole contin
ent
. It is w
ashed by the Indian and the P
acific
oceans.
TOTAL AREA
This country occupies 7.7 mln square km territory.
POPULATION
The population of Australia is 18.7 mln people.
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
The official language of Australia is English.
CAPITAL AND CITIE
S
It`s capital is Canberra.
The biggest cities of Australia are Sidney, Melburn, Brisban, Adelaida and Pert. The cities of Australia are the ecologically clearest ones in the world.
CURRENCY
Australian dollar
FAMOUS SIGHT
S
M
ountain Olga and Opera of Si
dney.
SPORT
In Australia surfin
g
is highly developed. The best football team of this country is Newcastle Jets.
Alexey Semenkov
New Zealand
Capital
-
Wellington
Largest city
-
Auckland
2
Official languages
-
English
,
Maori
Government
-
Parliamentary democracy
and Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
-
HM Queen Elizabeth II
Governor
-
General
-
Sir Anand Satyanand
Prime Minister
-
John Key
Speaker
-
Dr Lockwood Smith
Population
(Ju
ne 2010
estimate) -
4,367,700
Currency
-
New Zealand dollar
(
NZD
)
Area
(total) -
268,021
km2
New Zealand
is an island country in the south
-
western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island), and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chat
ham Islands. The indigenous Maori language name for New Zealand is Aotearoa
, commonly translated as land of the long white cloud. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and
Niue (self
-
governing but in free association); Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica).
New Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation; it is situated about 2,000
kilometres (1,200 mi) southeast of Australia a
cross the Tasman Sea, and its closest neighbours to the north are New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. During its long isolation New Zealand developed a distinctive fauna dominated by birds, a number of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and the ma
mmals they introduced.
The majority of New Zealand's population is of European descent; the indigenous Maori are the largest minority. Asians and non
-
Maori Polynesians are also significant minority groups, especially in urban areas. The most commonly spoke
n language is English.
New Zealand is a developed country that ranks highly in international comparisons on many topics, including lack of corruption, high educational attainment and economic freedom. Its cities also consistently rank among the world's mos
t liveable.
Elizabeth II, as the Queen of New Zealand, is the country's head of state and is represented by a Governor
-
General, and executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet of New Zealand.
Ilya Dogadin
Автор
t.Yadykina
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