close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Занятие 5

код для вставкиСкачать
 Занятие 5 . Художники XVIII века. Томас Гейнсборо. Цель: познакомить учащихся с творчеством Томаса Гейнсборо.
Задачи: * развивать умения понимать впервые предъявляемые аутентичные тексты с целью извлечения необходимой информации;
* активизировать в речи учащихся употребление специальной лексики по теме;
* воспитывать положительную мотивацию учащихся к изучаемой теме средствами английского языка.
Оснащение урока: текст, презентация портрета и картин художника. Thomas Gainsborough
(слайд 1) Self-portrait, painted 1759 Self-portrait, painted 1787 Thomas Gainsborough (christened 14 May 1727 - 2 August 1788) was one of the most famous portrait and landscape painters of 18th century Britain.
Life
Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, Suffolk, England. His father was a weaver involved with the wool trade. At the age of thirteen he impressed his father with his pencilling skills so that he let him go to London to study art in 1740. In London he first trained under engraver Hubert Gravelot but eventually became associated with William Hogarth and his school. In the 1740s, Gainsborough married Margaret Burr, an illegitimate daughter of the Duke of Beaufort, who settled a £200 annuity on the couple. The artist's work, then mainly composed of landscape paintings, was not selling very well. He returned to Sudbury in 1748-1749 and concentrated on the painting of portraits.
Gainsborough's Mr and Mrs Andrews (1748-49), in the National Gallery in London, is the best known painting of his Suffolk period.
(слайд 2) In 1752, he and his family, now including two daughters, moved to Ipswich. Commissions for personal portraits increased, but his clientele included mainly local merchants and squires. He had to borrow against his wife's annuity.
In 1759, Gainsborough and his family moved to Bath. There, he studied portraits by van Dyck and was eventually able to attract a better-paying high society clientele. In 1761, he began to send work to the Society of Arts exhibition in London (now the Royal Society of Arts, of which he was one of the earliest members) (слайд3); and from 1769 on, he submitted works to the Royal Academy's annual exhibitions. He selected portraits of well-known or notorious clients in order to attract attention. (слайды 4 - 7) These exhibitions helped him acquire a national reputation, and he was invited to become one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1769. His relationship with the academy, however, was not an easy one and he stopped exhibiting his paintings there in 1773.
The Blue Boy, painted 1770 (слайд 4) is one of the most famous works.
In 1774, Gainsborough and his family moved to London to live in Schomberg House, Pall Mall. In 1777, he again began to exhibit his paintings at the Royal Academy, including portraits of contemporary celebrities, such as the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland. Exhibitions of his work continued for the next six years.
In 1780, he painted the portraits of King George III and his queen and afterwards received many royal commissions. This gave him some influence with the Academy and allowed him to dictate the manner in which he wished his work to be exhibited. However, in 1783, he removed his paintings from the forthcoming exhibition and transferred them to Schomberg House.
In 1784, royal painter Allan Ramsay died and the King was obliged to give the job to Gainsborough's rival and Academy president, Joshua Reynolds, however Gainsborough remained the Royal Family's favourite painter. At his own express wish, he was buried at St. Anne's Church, Kew, where the Family regularly worshipped.
In his later years, Gainsborough often painted relatively simple, ordinary landscapes. (слайд 8)
With Richard Wilson, he was one of the originators of the eighteenth-century British landscape school; though simultaneously, in conjunction with Joshua Reynolds, he was the dominant British portraitist of the second half of the 18th century.
Mr and Mrs William Hallett (1785) Mrs Thomas Hibbert, Mary Hove, 1765 The portrait of a woman in the blue. Watering - place 1777г. (слайд 5) (слайд 6) Мэри, графиня Хоув. (слайд 7) (слайд 8)
(слайд3)
Art and commentary
Gainsborough painted more from his observations of nature (and human nature) than from any application of formal academic rules. The poetic sensibility of his paintings caused Constable to say, "On looking at them, we find tears in our eyes and know not what brings them." He himself said, "I'm sick of portraits, and wish very much to take my viol-da-gam and walk off to some sweet village, where I can paint landskips (sic) and enjoy the fag end of life in quietness and ease."
His most famous works, such as Portrait of Mrs. Graham; Mary and Margaret: The Painter's Daughters; William Hallett and His Wife Elizabeth, nee Stephen, known as The Morning Walk; and Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher, display the unique individuality of his subjects.
Gainsborough's only known assistant was his nephew, Gainsborough Dupont. He died of cancer on 2 August 1788 in his 62nd year.
Answer the questions:
1. When and where was Thomas Gainsborough born? 2. Whose son was he? 3. When and why did his father send him to study art? 4. In what painting did he specialize? 5. What is the best known painting of his Suffolk period? 6. When did he begin to send work to the Society of Arts exhibition in London? What was his relationship with the academy? 7. When did he begin to exhibit his paintings at the Royal Academy? 8. What did Gainsborough often paint in his later years? 9. When did Thomas Gainsborough die? Where was he buried? 10. What Thomas Gainsborough's works do you like? Экспресс тест по материалу занятия. (слайд 9) Напишите соответствия: 1.
A. Mrs Thomas Hibbert,2.
B. The portrait of a woman in the blue3.C. Mr and Mrs Andrews (1748-49)4.D. Self-portrait, painted 1759 5.
E. The Blue Boy, painted 17706.
F. Watering - place 1777г. 7.
G. Self-portrait, painted 1787 8.
H. Mr and Mrs William Hallett (1785) 9.
I. Mary Hove, 1765 Key: 1 - D; 2 - E; 3 - F; 4 - H; 5 - C; 6 - A; 7 - I; 8 - B; 9 - G.
Questions and Answers ( for teacher)
1. When and where was Thomas Gainsborough born? (Thomas Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, Suffolk, England and christened 14 May 1727) 2. Whose son was he?
(Gainsborough His father was a weaver involved with the wool trade)
3. When and why did his father send him to study art? (At the age of thirteen he impressed his father with his penciling skills so that he let him go to London to study art in 1740)
4. In what painting did he specialize? (At first he mainly composed of landscape paintings, but they were not sold very well. He returned to Sudbury in 1748-1749 and concentrated on the painting of portraits)
5. What is the best known painting of his Suffolk period? (Gainsborough's Mr and Mrs Andrews (1748-49), in the National Gallery in London, is the best known painting of his Suffolk period)
6. When did he begin to send work to the Society of Arts exhibition in London? What was his relationship with the academy?
(In 1761, he began to send work to the Society of Arts exhibition in London (now the Royal Society of Arts, of which he was one of the earliest members. His relationship with the academy, however, was not an easy one and he stopped exhibiting his paintings there in 1773)
7. When did he begin to exhibit his paintings at the Royal Academy? (In 1777, he again began to exhibit his paintings at the Royal Academy. Exhibitions of his work continued for the next six years.)
8. What did Gainsborough often paint in his later years? (In his later years, Gainsborough often painted relatively simple, ordinary landscapes)
9. When did Thomas Gainsborough die? Where was he buried? (Thomas Gainsborough died of cancer on 2 August 1788 in his 62nd year.At his own express wish, he was buried at St. Anne's Church, Kew, where the Family regularly worshipped)
10. What Thomas Gainsborough's works do you like? 
Автор
inna.bodrova
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
250
Размер файла
1 352 Кб
Теги
занятие
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа