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Занятие 8

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 Занятие 8. Художники рубежа XVIII - XIX веков. Томас Лоуренс. Цель: познакомить учащихся с творчеством Томаса Лоренса.
Задачи: * развивать умения понимать впервые предъявляемые аутентичные тексты с целью извлечения необходимой информации;
* активизировать в речи учащихся употребление специальной лексики по теме;
* воспитывать положительную мотивацию учащихся к изучаемой теме средствами английского языка.
Оснащение урока: текст, презентация картин художника. [Подробнее]
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Thomas Lawrence (слайд 1)
Sir Thomas Lawrence (April 13, 1769 - January 7, 1830), was a notable English painter, mostly of portraits.
Alexander MacKenzie painted by Thomas Lawrence courtesy National Gallery of Canada. (слайд 2)
He was born in Bristol. His father was an innkeeper, first at Bristol and afterwards at Devizes, and at the age of six Thomas was already being shown off to the guests of the Bear as an infant prodigy who could sketch their likenesses and declaim speeches from Milton. In 1779 the elder Lawrence had to leave Devizes, having failed in business and Thomas's precocious talent began to be the main source of the family's income; he had gained a reputation along the Bath road. His debut as a crayon portrait painter was made at Oxford, where he was well patronized, and in 1782 the family settled in Bath, where the young artist soon found himself fully employed in taking crayon likenesses of fashionable people at a guinea or a guinea and a half a head. In 1784 he gained the prize and silver-gilt palette of the Society of Arts for a crayon drawing after Raphael's "Transfiguration," and presently beginning to paint in oil.
A portrait of Elizabeth Farren by Thomas Lawrence (слайд 3)
Abandoning the idea of going on the stage which he had briefly entertained, Lawrence came to London in 1787, was kindly received by Sir Joshua Reynolds , and became a student at the Royal Academy. He began to exhibit almost immediately, and his reputation increased so rapidly that he became an associate of the Academy in 1791. The death of Sir Joshua in 1792 opened the way to further successes. Lawrence was at once appointed painter to the Dilettanti Society, and principal painter to King George III instead of Reynolds. In 1794 he was a Royal Academician, and he became the fashionable portrait painter of the age, his sitters including England's most notable people, and ultimately most of the crowned heads of Europe. (слайды 2, 3, 4) Caroline of Brunswick was one of his favourite subjects, and is reputed to have been his lover for a time. In 1815 he was knighted; in 1818 he went to Aachen to paint the sovereigns and diplomats gathered there for the third congress, and visited Vienna and Rome, everywhere receiving flattering marks of distinction from princes, due as much to his courtly manners as to his merits as an artist. After eighteen months he returned to England, and on the very day of his arrival was chosen president of the Academy in room of Benjamin West, who had died a few days before. He held the office from 1820 to his death. He was never married.
Portrait of Marguerite, Countess of Blessington, 1819. (слайд 4)
Sir Thomas Lawrence had all the qualities of personal manner and artistic style necessary to make a fashionable painter, and among English portrait painters he takes a high place, though not as high as that given to him in his lifetime. His more ambitious works, in the classical style, such as his once celebrated "Satan," are practically forgotten.
The best display of Lawrence's work is in the Waterloo Gallery of Windsor, a collection of much historical interest. "Master Lambton," painted for Lord Durham at the price of 600 guineas, is regarded as one of his best portraits, and a fine head in the National Gallery, London, shows his power to advantage. The Life and Correspondence of Sir T. Lawrence, by DE Williams, appeared in 1831.
Answer the questions:
1. When and where was Thomas Lawrence born? 2. What do you know about his family? 3. What can you say about his debut as a crayon portrait painter?
4. When did he gain the prize and silver-gilt palette of the Society of Arts?
5. In what style did he specialize? 6. When did Thomas Lawrence become a student at the Royal Academy?
7. Was Thomas Lawrence a Royal Academician?
8. When was he knighted?
9. When did Thomas Lawrence die? 10. What Thomas Lawrence's works do you like? Экспресс тест по материалу занятия. (слайд 5) Найдите соответствия: 1.
A. Portrait of Marguerite, Countess of Blessington, 1819.2.
B. Alexander MacKenzie3.
C. A portrait of Elizabeth Farren
Key: 1 - A; 2 - C; 3 - B.
Questions and Answers ( for teacher)
1. When and where was Thomas Lawrence born? (He was born in Bristol, April 13, 1769) 2. What do you know about his family? (His father was an innkeeper. In 1779 the elder Lawrence had to leave Devizes, having failed in business and Thomas's precocious talent began to be the main source of the family's income)
3. What can you say about his debut as a crayon portrait painter?
(His debut as a crayon portrait painter was made at Oxford, where he was well patronized)
4. When did he gain the prize and silver-gilt palette of the Society of Arts?
(In 1784 he gained the prize and silver-gilt palette of the Society of Arts for a crayon drawing after Raphael's "Transfiguration," and presently beginning to paint in oil)
5. In what style did he specialize? (Thomas Lawrence was a notable English painter, mostly of portraits.)
6. When did Thomas Lawrence become a student at the Royal Academy?
(Lawrence came to London in 1787, was kindly received by Sir Joshua Reynolds , and became a student at the Royal Academy)
7. Was Thomas Lawrence a Royal Academician?
(In 1794 he was a Royal Academician, and he became the fashionable portrait painter of the age)
8. When was he knighted? (In 1815 he was knighted)
9. When did Thomas Lawrence die? (January 7, 1830)
10. What Thomas Lawrence's works do you like? Лоуренс, Томас
(материал для преподавателя)
Томас Лоуренс (англ. Thomas Lawrence; 13 апреля 1769, Бристоль - 7 января 1830) - английский художник, преимущественно портретист.
Отец Лоуренса содержал небольшую гостиницу, но в конце концов разорился - и оказалось, что основным источником средств для семьи Лоуренсов является талант рисовальщика у их сына. В 1782 г. Лоуренсы поселились в курортном городке Бат, где юный художник хорошо зарабатывал карандашными портретами.
В 1787 г. Лоуренс отправился в Лондон, где был тепло принят Рейнолдсом и поступил студентом в Королевскую академию художеств - а уже в 1791 г. был избран её членом-корреспондентом, а в 1794 г. полным академиком.
В 1818-1820 гг. Лоуренс находился в Европе, рисуя различных знатных особ в Вене, Риме и Аахене (где в это время проходил международный конгресс). По возвращении в Лондон он был избран президентом Академии художеств.
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inna.bodrova
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