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Занятие 10

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Занятие 10.
Музеи, картинные галереи Великобритании.
(слайд 1)
Цель: познакомить учащихся
c
музеями и картинными галереями
Великобритании. (The National Gallery, London; Tate Britain; British Museum; National
Portrait Gallery; National Museum Cardiff; National Gallery of Ireland; National Gallery of
Scotland)
Задачи:
 развивать
навыки понимать впервые предъявляемые аудиотексты с целью
извлечения необходимой информации;
 активизировать в речи учащихся употребление специальной лексики по теме;
Оснащение урока: диск с аудиотекстом, тексты о музеях и галереях, фото картинных
галерей и музеев в виде компьютерной презентации.
Ход занятия.
I. Now let’s listen to the text «Art. Museums and Galleries» (2 мин 20 сек)
Art. Museums and Galleries.
London museums and galleries attract millions of visitors from all over the world. There dozens
of them for any taste, from the London Fire Brigade Museum to Sherlock Holmes museum.
To my mind, the most interesting art gallery in London is the National Gallery. It was founded
in 1824 when the House of Commons bought the collection of the banker John Julius
Angerstein composed of just 38 pieces. It is situated to the north of the Trafalgar Square.
School pupils and students have always been welcome. Any of them will be admitted to the
Gallery to not only to study the collection but even to make a copy of the paintings themselves.
The collection contains paintings by all known art schools and all periods. Especially famous
are collections of Rembrandt and Rubens. Today, it houses more than 2,000 works of art and is
one of the richest collection in the world. The gallery boasts of real masterpieces by such artists
as da Vinci, Boticelli, Manet, and Renoir. At the same time, British art is almost not represented
since main collections of paintings by British artists are housed at the Tate gallery.
I cannot fail to mention a few more of the London museums. To start with, the British Museum
is one of the most striking in the UK. It houses one of the world’s greatest collection of world
antiquities from ancient times. Also, one can see items from prehistoric Britain. There are also
regular exhibitions dedicated to a specific culture, like art of Africa. Victoria and Albert
Museum in London has great collections of applied art. You can see there extraordinary
collections from around the world starting from Venetian glass and Chinese art, to items of 15th
century furniture.
One of the most popular museums in London is Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum. Here, you
can see lots of famous people in natural size. Sportsmen and scientists, musicians and politics
are displayed in their typical clothing. You can make a picture with Brad Pitt, Diego
Maradonna, or Margaret Thatcher.
The Science Museum gives a timeline of science and industry in the UK over the centuries. The
collection is so extensive that you can see there exhibits practically from all fields of science
from biochemistry and photography to meteorology and astronomy.
All these museums are worthwhile visiting.
II. Now let’s read about museums and galleries in GreatBritain
1.
National Gallery, London
(слайды 2, 3),
Established 1824
Trafalgar Square, London WC2,
Location
England, United Kingdom
Collection
2,300 paintings
size
Museum
46,396 m²
area
Visitor
4,600,000 (2006)
figures
London's National Gallery (слайд 2), founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300
paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. The
collection belongs to the British public and entry to the main collection is free, although there
are charges for entry to special exhibitions.
The National Gallery's beginnings were modest; unlike comparable galleries such as the
Louvre in Paris or the Museo del Prado in Madrid, it was not formed by nationalising an
existing royal or princely art collection. It came into being when the British government bought
36 paintings from the banker John Julius Angerstein in 1824. After that initial purchase the
Gallery has been shaped mainly by its early directors, notably Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, and
by private donations, which comprise two thirds of the collection. The resulting collection is
small compared with the national galleries of continental Europe, but has a high concentration
of important works across a broad art-historical scope, from the Early Renaissance to Postimpressionism, with relatively few weak areas.
The National Gallery opened to the public on May 10, 1824, housed in
Angerstein's former townhouse on No. 100 Pall Mall. (слайд 4)
The National Gallery at Pall Mall was frequently overcrowded and hot and its
diminutive size in comparison with the Louvre in Paris was the cause of national
embarrassment. In 1832 construction began on a new building by William Wilkins on the site
of the King's Mews in Charing Cross, in an area that had been transformed over the 1820s into
Trafalgar Square. (слайд 5),
Wilkins's façade, illuminated at night
2.
Tate Britain
(слайды 6, 7)
Established 1897 as National Gallery of British Art; became Tate Britain in 2000
Location Millbank, London SW1, England, United Kingdom
Visitor
1,700,000 (2005)
figures
Tate is the United Kingdom national museum of British and Modern Art, and is a network of
four art galleries in England: Tate Britain (слайд 6), (opened in 1897(слайд 7), and renamed in
2000), Tate Liverpool (слайд 8), (1988), Tate St Ives (слайд 9), (1993) and Tate Modern
(2000) (слайд10),, with a complementary website, Tate Online (1998).
The Tate was founded in 1897 as the National Gallery of British Art (слайд 9) When its role
was changed to include Modern Art it was renamed the Tate Gallery after Henry Tate, who had
laid the foundations for the collection. The Tate Gallery was housed in a building at Millbank,
London. In 2000, the Tate Gallery split its collection into four museums: Tate Britain (housed
in the original building) displays the collection of British art from 1500 to the present day; Tate
Modern which is also in London, houses the Tate's collection of British and International
Modern and Contemporary Art from 1900 to the present day. Tate Liverpool, in Liverpool has
the same purpose as Tate Modern but on a smaller scale, and Tate St Ives displays Modern and
Contemporary Art by artists who have connections with the area. All four museums share the
Tate Collection. One of the Tate's most publicised art events is the annual Turner Prize, which
takes place at Tate Britain.
The logo of Tate, used in different colours for the 4 galleries.
(слайд 11),
3.
British Museum (слайд 12)
Established
1753
Location
Great Russell Street, London WC1, England
Collection size
13+ million objects
Museum area
13.5 acres/ 588,000 ft²/ 94 Galleries
Visitor figures
4,903,000 (2006–2007)
The British Museum in London, England is a museum of human history and culture. Its
collections, which number more than 13 million objects, are amongst the largest and most
comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the
story of human culture from its beginning to the present.
The British Museum was established in 1753(слайд13), largely based on the collections of the
physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. (слайд 14) The museum first opened to the public on
15 January 1759 in Montagu House in Bloomsbury, on the site of the current museum building.
The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, surrounding
the original Reading Room.
Sir Hans Sloane, founder of the British Museum (слайд 14)
At that time, Sloane’s collection consisted of around 71,000 objects of all kinds including some
40,000 printed books, 7,000 manuscripts, extensive natural history specimens including 337
volumes of dried plants, prints and drawings including those by Albrecht Dürer and antiquities
from Egypt, Greece, Rome, the Ancient Near and Far East and the Americas.
Department of Prints and Drawings
The Department of Prints and Drawings holds the national collection of Western Prints and
Drawings. It ranks as one of the largest collections in existence alongside the Musée du Louvre
and the Hermitage as one of the top three collections of its kind.
The British Museum, Room 90 - Dürer The Triumphal Arch - One of the largest
Prints ever produced
The British Museum, Room 90 - Michelangelo, Epifania - Last surviving large scale
cartoon by the artist
Since its foundation in 1808 the Prints and Drawings collection has grown to
international renown as one of the richest and most representative collections in the
world. There are approximately 50,000 drawings and over two million prints. The
collection of Drawings covers the period 14th century to the present, and includes
many works of the highest quality by the leading artists of the European school. The
collection of Prints covers the tradition of fine printmaking from its beginnings in the 15th
century up to the present, with near complete holdings of most of the great names before the
19th century.
4.
National Portrait Gallery
(слайды 15, 16)
Established 1856
St Martin's Place, WC2, England
Location
Collection size 10,000 portraits
Visitor figures 1,500,000 (2005)
The National Portrait Gallery is an art gallery primarily located in St Martin's Place, off
Trafalgar Square in London, but with various satellite outstations located elsewhere in the UK.
The collection
The gallery opened to the public in 1856. It houses portraits of historically important and
famous British people, selected on the basis of the significance of the sitter. The collection
includes photographs and caricatures as well as paintings, drawings and sculpture[2].
Not all of the portraits are exceptional artistically, although there are self-portraits by William
Hogarth, Sir Joshua Reynolds and other British artists of note. Some, such as the group portrait
of the participants in the Somerset House Conference of 1604, are important historical
documents in their own right. Often the curiosity value is greater than the artistic worth of a
work, as in the case of the anamorphic portrait of Edward VI by William Scrots, Patrick
Branwell Brontë's painting of his sisters Charlotte, Emily and Anne, or a sculpture of Queen
Victoria and Prince Albert in medieval costume. Portraits of living figures were allowed from
1969.
5.
National Museum Cardiff
(слайд 17)
Established
Location
1912
Cathays Park, Cardiff, Wales
The National Museum Cardiff (Welsh: Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Caerdydd) is a museum and
art gallery in Cardiff, Wales.
The National Museum was designed by architects Arnold Dunbar Smith & Cecil Brewer. Its
foundation stone was laid in 1912 but construction was delayed by the First World War and the
National Museum was not open to the public until 1927, with some parts of the building being
completed in 1932.
The museum is part of the wider network of the National Museum Wales (formerly the
National Museums and Galleries of Wales).
6.
National Gallery of Ireland
(слайд 18)
The National Gallery of Ireland houses the Irish national collection of Irish and European
art. It is located in the centre of Dublin with one entrance on Merrion Square, beside Leinster
House, and another on Clare Street. It was founded in 1854 and opened its doors ten years later.
The Gallery has an extensive, representative collection of Irish painting and is also notable for
its Italian Baroque and Dutch masters painting. The current director of the gallery is Raymond
Keaveney. Entry to the gallery is free.
7.
National Gallery of Scotland
(слайд 19, 20)
The National Gallery of Scotland viewed from
the south in front of the Royal Scottish
Academy and Princes Street
The National Gallery of Scotland, in Edinburgh, is the national art gallery of Scotland. An
elaborate neoclassical edifice, it stands on The Mound, between the two sections of Edinburgh's
Princes Street Gardens. The building, which was designed by William Henry Playfair, first
opened to the public in 1859.
At the heart of the National Gallery's collection is a group of paintings transferred from the
Royal Scottish Academy Building. This includes masterpieces by Jacopo Bassano, Van Dyck
and Giambattista Tiepolo. The National Gallery did not receive its own purchase grant until
1903.
Answer the questions:
1. Where do people usually go if they want to see works of art?
2. What museums and galleries in Great Britain can you name?
3. What do you know about them?
4. Have you ever visited any museums or galleries?
5. What did you see there?
6. What is your impression from that visiting?
Автор
inna.bodrova
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