Med Plants (Лекарственные растения)код для вставкиСкачать
методическая разработка занятия по английскому языку для медицинского колледжа
THE BAIKAL MEDICAL COLLEGE PRODUCTION The State Educational Establishment “Baikalsky Medical College” of the Buryat Ministry of Health The State Educational Establishment “The Baikal Medical College” The English Language Centre Presents Part 1 At the Chemist’s When you are ill you go to consult a doctor. He prescribes you a treatment and writes out a prescription. Then you go to the chemist’s where you can buy the medicine you need. Let us come into one of the chemist’s of our settlement. It is open from 8am till 8 pm Patent Medicines At the chemist’s you can get patent medicines of all kinds: ampoules of glucose and camphor for injections, different pills, tablets and powders, cough mixtures and heart drops, nasal drops, vitamins, cod liver oil, ointments, laxatives, sedatives, bandages, mustard plasters, bottles of iodine . Babies’ Nutrition You can also buy babies’ nutrition here. Here you can buy glasses you need Optic Department Personal Hygiene At the chemist’s you can also buy sponges, tooth - brushes and tooth - pastes, soap and many other useful things. At the Chemist’s Drug Plants You can buy different medicinal plants at the chemist’s too. Part II Medicinal Plants The collection and use of medicinal plants began many thousands years ago. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, who lived in Greece in 460 - 377 BC wrote in his book about such drugs as hemlock, gentian and many others. Gentian and hemlock Parts of the Plant The principal parts of a plant are: 1. the root system, 2. the stems and leaves, 3. flowers and seeds. An Example of a Medicinal Plant • For example, lemon is rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C increases resistance to infection. It helps to recover after illness. When is it important to collect medicinal plants? • It is very important to collect plants • in proper time • Leaves are collected when they • are fully developed. • The time of the day is also • important in the collection of drug plants. • Flowers are collected before the • time of pollination. • Fruits are collected when they are fully • grown but unripe. Part III Medicinal Plants of Buryatia The ABC The names of the plants A althaea N B birch tree O onion C cranberry, clover P plantain D Dandelion, dog - rose Q E R Red berries F S stinging nettle G Gooseberry, garlic T H hawthorn U I V J W willow K X L Y M Z Can you complete the table? Birch Tree Birch tree, a leafy tree, is known from ancient times as a medicinal plant used in treating many diseases. All parts of the tree are used: bark, buds, leaves, flowers. Birch trees have medicinal proprieties to relieve aches and pains. Chamomile Chamomile is a national flower of Russia. • It is known to reduce stress. • It is used for such conditions • as cardiovascular condition, common cold, • g astrointestinal conditions, • sleep aid. • It is used in extract, ointment • and i nfusion forms. • Tea is used to help with • sleep and i s usually served • with honey o r lemon. Dog - rose The fruit is picked in autumn. Dog - rose hips are an excellent source of really absorbed vitamins. They contain vitamins C, A, B2, B3, and K, flavonoids, pectin, caroteroids and many other things The hips from the dog - rose contain the biggest amount of vitamin C found I n any plant, making it useful as a preventive for any type of infection. Hawthorn * Several species of hawthorn have been used in traditional medicine in treating chronic heart failure. * The plant is believed to strengthen cardiovascular function. * Another use of this herb is as mild sedative in promotion of sleep Hawthorn Hawthorn juice is very useful for persons with different pathologies. It also strengthens blood circulation, reduces excitability of muscles of heart, normalizes heart work, reduces a blood pressure. Basically, the juice can facilitate the general condition of the patient with any heart trouble. Plantain • Plantain is used widely to treat urinary diseases, ulcers, hepatitis and other conditions. • The roots of plantain beaten into powder and put into the hollow teeth take away pain Can you name it in Russian? • Medicinal plant - • Leaves - • Root - • Birch - • Chamomile - • Dog - rose - • Hawthorn - • Plantain - • Treating - • Ointment - • Infusion - • stem • Herb – • Sedative - • Pain - Can You Name It in English? 1.Лекарственное растение 2.Листья 3.Корень 4.Берза 5.Ромашка 6.Шиповник 7.Боярышник 8.Подорожник 9.Лечение 10.Мазь 11.Настой 12.Стебель 13.Трава 14.Успокаивающее, снотворное 15.Боль Check Yuorself 1. Medicinal plant - 2. Leaves - 3. Root - 4. Birch - 5. С hamomile 6. Dog - rose - 7. Hawthorn - 8. Plantain - 9. Treating - 10. Ointment - 11. Infusion - 12. stem 13. Herb – 14. Sedative - 15. Pain - Can you answer? • 1.Where do people go to buy medicine? • 2. What forms of medicine do you know? • 3. What else can you buy at the chemist’s? • 4. When did the collection and use of medicinal plants begin? • 5. What are the principal parts of a plant? • 6. When is it important to collect medicinal plants? • 7. Can you name some medicinal plants of Buryatia? 1….. hips contain the biggest amount of vitamin C. 2. Several species of …… have been used in treating heart diseases. 3. ….. Is used for treating cardiovascular conditions, common cold, gastrointestinal conditions. 4. All parts of a …. tree are used in treating many diseases. 5. The principal parts of a plant are: the … system, stem, leaves and flowers. 6. …. Is used widely to treat urinary diseases, hepatitis and other conditions. 7. … are collected before the time of pollination. The Key 1.Dog - rose 2.hawthorn 3.Chamomile 4.birch 5.root 6.plantain 7.Flowers Thanks for your attention! Part IV The Advertisement • 1) The tender chamomile is a part of my life. I use it while washing my hair, it gives brilliance to my naturally blond hair. When I am a bit nervous I drink chamomile tea. It is also used for gastrointestinal condition. The biggest amount of vitamin C • 2) Everybody knows that lemon is rich in vitamin C, but it looses in comparison with dog - rose. The hips from the dog rose contain the biggest amount of vitamin C found in any plant. As I often catch colds I use it as a preventive for any type of infection. Granny’s favourite • 3) Hawthorn is my Granny’s favorite. She has some heart troubles, but using hawthorn she feels well and is always in good mood as hawthorn strengthens blood circulation, normalizes heart work, reduces blood pressure. Tender Yellow Dandelion • Tender yellow • dandelion works • miracles. G REAT ! F ANTASTIC ! S UPER ! Thank you for your good answers!!!