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Открытие Австралии

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Подготовила Фесенко Ирина,
студентка 1 курса
бакалавриата специальности «Иностранные (европейские) языки» Школы педагогики ДВФУ
General information;
Terra incognita;
Flag and the coat
-
of
-
Arms;
First European settlement;
The Commonwealth of Australia;
New crown colonies;
Australia’s ties with GB and the USA;
Resources of information.
Australia
is
situated
in
the
south
-
west
of
the
Pacific
Ocean
.
The
area
of
this
country
is
7
,
7
million
square
kilometers
.
The
population
of
the
country
is
about
20
million
people
.
The
capital
is
Canberra
.
Official
language
is
English
.
Australian
national
flag
consists
of
5
white
stars
of
the
Southern
Cross
and
the
white
Commonwealth
star
(the
large
seven
pointed
star)
on
a
blue
background
with
a
Union
Jack
in
canton
.
A
distinctive
Australia
flora
and
fauna
is
reflected
in
the
country’s
coat
-
of
-
arms
by
the
symbols
of
Australia’s
endemic
animals
;
kangaroo
and
emu
.
The
first
Europeans
visited
the
shores
of
Australia
in
1606
.
A
second
wave
of
immigration
began
in
1770
,
when
Captain
James
Cook,
of
the
British
Navy,
sighted
the
east
coast
of
the
continent
.
He
raised
the
British
flag
and
claimed
New
South
Wales
as
a
British
Colony
.
It
was
just
a
little
over
390
years
that
the
Australian
continent
was
discovered
.
Until
the
name
“Australia”
(meaning
“South
Land”)
became
generally
accepted
for
the
continent,
it
had
been
referred
to
as
New
Holland,
New
South
Wales,
or
Botany
Bay
.
The
first
contingent
of
the
convicts
and
their
guards
landed
where
Sydney
stands
today
,
on
January
26
,
1788
.
It
was
the
so
-
called
“
First
Fleet
”
.
Gradually
more
and
more
people
arrived
and
a
number
of
settlements
were
founded
along
the
southern
and
eastern
coasts
.
Exploratory
voyages
were
also
made
along
the
east
coast
.
In
1901
the
separate
colonies
in
Australia
merged
together
and
became
the
States
of
the
Commonwealth
of
Australia
,
which
acquired
the
status
of
dominion
of
Great
Britain
.
The
Commonwealth
of
Australia
–
a
federation
of
the
6
former
colonies
as
states
.
Though
Australia
now
is
an
independent
state
,
according
to
the
Constitution
the
head
of
the
state
is
the
Monarch
of
Great
Britain
,
represented
by
the
Governor
-
General
.
General’s
residence
is
in
Canberra
.
In
1770
Captain
James
Cook
led
a
scientific
voyager
planted
the
British
ensign
on
a
continent
that
would
soon
provide
a
vast
new
colony
:
Australia
.
In
many
ways,
America
and
Australia
have
had
corresponding
histories
of
exploration,
colonization,
immigration,
and
growth
.
Australia
can
seem
quite
British
at
times
and
somewhat
American
at
others
.
Political,
legal,
and
educational
institutions
derive
from
Britain
.
American
influence
comes
in
culture,
technology,
defense
arrangements,
and
business
.
Nowadays
a
strong
sense
of
distinct
Australian
identity
has
grown
with
the
growing
recognition
in
the
world
of
Australian
films,
literature
and
arts
.
The history of Australia//bestreferat.ru -
http://www.bestreferat.ru/referat
-
40824.html
The history of Australia//referato.ru -
http://referato.ru/ref/op/1185/
Australian History//crystalinks.com -
http://www.crystalinks.com/australiahistory.html
Theory of Portuguese discovery of Australia
//
wikipedia -
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_Portuguese_discovery_of_A
ustralia
История открытия Австралии//
allturportal
.
ru
-
http
://
www
.
allturportal
.
ru
/
otkrytie
-
avstralii
.
php
История исследования астралии//
australia
.
com
.
ua
-
http
://
avstralia
.
com
.
ua
/
istoriya
_
issledovaniya
.
php
Автор
pechenuha1990
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