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London

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LONDON
The capital of Great Britain
9
th
form
lesson 7
What attracts people people
to Britain?
LONDON
I t i s t he bi ggest ci t y of t he Uni t ed
Ki ngdom
and one of t he bi ggest ci t i es i n t he worl d.
I t i s t he ol dest ci t y of Bri t ai n, i t was bui l t by
t he Romans on t he banks of t he ri ver
Thames.
There
are
about
10
thousand
streets
in
London
.
Most
of
the
streets
are
not
very
wide
.
The
main
shopping
centre
is
Oxford
Street
.
People
from
all
over
the
world
shop
here
.
Hyde Park
There
are
many
parks
and
gardens
in
London
.
But
this
one
Londoners
love
most
of
all
.
THE ROMANS
They came to Great Britain in the 1
st
century and built a town. They called it Londinium. Soon they built the first bridge. It was the only bridge then.
In the 5
th
century the Goths were at the gates of Rome and the Romans rushed to defend their Empire. It was in 410.
Soon after them the Anglo
-
Saxon tribes came to the island.
Londinium
LONDON BRIDGE
Until 1749 there was only one bridge in London –
London Bridge. Old London bridge looked very strange: there were houses and shops on it.
WILLIAM the CONQUEROR
In
1066
William
from
Normandy
came
to
England
.
He
was
French
.
After
the
battle
at
Hastings
he
became
King
of
England
.
He
was
afraid
of
the
English
and
he
built
the
White
Tower
to
live
in
it
.
It
was
the
beginning
of
the
Tower
of
London
.
The GREAT FIRE of LONDON
On
Saturday,
on
the
second
of
September
1666
a
big
fire
began
.
It
started
at
night
.
The
wind
was
strong
and
wooden
houses
burnt
like
matches
…
The
fire
burnt
f
or
four
days
and
destroyed
80
%
of
the
city,
but
nobody
died
.
The Great Fire ended with the Great Plague…
After
the
Great
Fire
people
built
a
new
city
of
stone
or
bricks
.
Streets
became
wider
.
The
city
was
growing
.
By
1830
there
were
more
than
one
and
a
half
million
people
in
London
.
The
railways
came
and
London
was
becoming
richer
and
richer
.
PLACES TO VISIT
London
is
the
capital
of
England
.
It
is
its
political,
business
and
cultural
centre
.
The
heart
of
London
is
the
City
.
It
is
the
oldest
part
of
London
.
Many
people
work
in
the
City
but
very
few
live
here
.
There
are
many
banks
and
offices
here
.
You
can
visit
some
interesting
places
in
the
City
or
near
it
.
The TOWER of LONDON
Saint Paul’s Cathedral
It
is
one
of
the
greatest
English
churches
.
Old
St
.
Paul’s
Cathedral
was
made
of
wood
and
burnt
in
the
Great
Fire
of
London
.
It
was
rebuilt
in
the
17
-
th
century
.
It
is
very
beautiful,
with
many
columns
and
towers
.
In
one
of
its
towers
there
is
one
of
the
largest
bells
of
the
world
.
Trafalgar Square
The
centre
of
London
is
Trafalgar
Square
.
In
the
middle
о
f
it
stands
a
tall
column
.
It
is
a
monument
to
Admiral
Nelson
with
four
bronze
lions
around
it
.
The
National
Gallery
is
in
front
of
it
.
The National Gallery
Westminster
The political centre of London is Westminster. It is the
part of London where there are a lot of offices of different
types.
You can see a new bridge here. It is very beautiful,
especially at night.
If you go down Whitehall from Trafalgar Square on the
right you will see a small street –
Downing street. Here at
number 10 the British Prime Minister lives. Whitehall is a
wide street leading to Parliament Square. The Houses of Parliament
On
the
left
there
is
a
long
grey
building
with
towers
which
are
the
Houses
of
Parliament
.
This
building
is
Westminster
Palace
.
The
large
clock
in
one
of
the
towers
is
Big
Ben
–
the
clock
and
the
bell
of
the
clock
tower
of
the
Houses
of
Parliament
.
Westminster Abbey
It
is
very
beautiful
and
very
famous
.
It
is
also
very
old
-
more
than
900
years
old
.
It
is
built
in
gothic
style
.
There
are
a
lot
of
monuments
and
statues
here
.
English
kings
and
queens
are
buried
here
.
It
is
famous
for
the
Poet’s
Corner
-
great
English
poets
and
writers
are
buried
here
too
.
QUEEN’S RESIDENCE
The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace. It is
a wonderful
large building with a golden monument in
front
of
it
.
It
is
the
Queen
Victoria
Memorial
.
All these interesting places are quite near from one to another. It takes only 20 minutes to get from Buckingham Palace to Trafalgar Square.
Of course, there are many other places of interest to see and visit in London.
You are always welcome
!
Bloomsbury Square
Bloomsbury
Square
is
one
of
the
oldest
in
London
.
It
is
more
than
300
years
old
.
It
is
the
literary
part
of
the
city
.
A
lot
of
writers
and
critics
live
there
.
Piccadilly Circus
It is the centre of night life in the West End. This is one of
the most popular meeting places of London
. The Odeon
One
of
the
best
and
famous
London
cinemas
is
the
Odeon
.
The Royal Opera House
Or Covent Garden, one of the most famous theatres of
London, is … in the centre of the vegetable market.
London Buses
They
are
of
two
kinds
:
the
double
-
decker
and
the
single
-
decker
.
But
they
are
always
red
.
Double
-
deckers
have
seats
for
65
people
.
Only
5
people
are
allowed
to
stand
when
the
seats
are
full
.
MODERN SIGHTS OF LONDON
London
is
growing
and
developing
.
Some
modern
buildings
and
interesting
places
appeared
.
The
most
remarkable
are
:
The
Cucumber
of
London
and
The
London
Eye
.
The Cucumber
It is considered to be the most ecological building
.
The London Eye
It is the largest observation wheel in the world.
Literature used
Tom
Hutchinson
.
English
Project
2
.
–
London
:
OUP,
1996
.
O
.
Afanasyeva,
I
.
Mikheeva
.
English
4
.
–
M
.:
Prosveshchenie,
1998
.
V
.
F
.
Satinova
.
Read
and
Speak
about
Britain
and
the
British
.
–
Minsk,
Vysheishaya
shkola,
1996
.
Task You are going to spend five days in London. Discuss with your partner what you would like to see and do there. Use the expressions:
Какие достопримечательности в Лондоне можно посетить?
What places of interest would you like to see
?
По модели учащиеся составляют свои предложения , используя список достопримечательностей Лондона
If I were you I’d visit… Westminster Abbey
If I had a chance I’d visit… Houses of Parliament
I’d like to visit… Trafalgar Square
I am looking forward to
Covent Garden
visiting… National Gallery
I’ve just made up my mind… Hyde Park
I feel like going to… Buckingham Palace
I am simply longing to… Big Ben The Tower of London
St. Paul’s Cathedral
Автор
Enemanna
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