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hdr 1990 en indicators1

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HUMAN
DEVELOPMENT
INDICATORS
Indextocountries
9
Afghanistan
53
Lesotho
84
Albania
26
Liberia
57
Algeria
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
22
Angola
38
Madagascar
99
Argentina
14
Malawi
124
Australia
85
Malaysia
113
Austria
2
Mali
23
Bangladesh
8
Mauritania
116
Belgium
81
Mauritius
10
Benin
91
Mexico
12
Bhutan
70
Mongolia
49
Bolivia
44
Morocco
58
Botswana
13
Mozambique
80
Brazil
50
Myanmar
104
Bulgaria
34
Namibia
3
BurkinaFaso
17
Nepal
11
Burundi
127
Netherlands
41
Cameroon
118
NewZealand
126
Canada
71
Nicaragua
16
CentralAfricanRep.
1
Niger
5
Chad
24
Nigeria
107
Chile
125
NOlway
66
China
48
Oman
86
Colombia
36
Pakistan
33
Congo
93
Panama
103
CostaRica
39
PapuaNewGuinea
32
Cote
d'Ivoire
77
Paraguay
92
Cuba
74
Peru
106
Czechoslovakia
65
Philippines
122
Denmark
98
Poland
63
DominicanRep.
95
Portugal
75
Ecuador
90
Romania
45
Egypt
21
Rwanda
59
ElSalvador
64
SaudiArabia
19
Ethiopia
18
Senegal
120
Finland
4
SierraLeone
123
France
96
Singapore
47
Gabon
7
Somalia
110
GermanDem.Rep.
68
SouthAfrica
119
Germany,Fed.Rep.
115
Spain
30
Ghana
83
SriLanka
109
Greece
15
Sudan
55
Guatemala
129
Sweden
6
Guinea
128
Switzerland
29
Haiti
62
SyrianArabRep.
51
Honduras
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
108
HongKong
78
Thailand
101
Hungary
27
Togo
37
India
94
TrinidadandTobago
54
Indonesia
60
Tunisia
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
72
Turkey
76
Iraq
28
Uganda
14
Ireland
105
USSR
111
Israel
77
UnitedArabEmirates
117
Italy
121
UnitedKingdom
87
Jamaica
112
USA
130
Japan
102
Uruguay
73
Jordan
89
Venezuela
40
Kampuchea,Dem.
56
VietNam
42
Kenya
25
YemenArabRep.
82
Korea,Dem.Rep.
31
Yemen,PDR
97
Korea,Rep.
100
Yugoslavia
88
Kuwait
20
Zaire
46
LaoPDR
43
Zambia
69
Lebanon
52
Zimbabwe
124
Key
IntheHumanDevelopmentIndicatorsthe
countriesarerankedinascendingorderof
theirhumandevelopmentindex(HDI).The
referencenumbersindicatingthatrankarein
thealphabeticallist
ofcountriesprovidedhere.
Officialgovernmentdatareceived
bythe
responsibleUnitedNationsorotherinterna-
tionalagencieshavebeenusedwheneverpos-
sible.
Insomecaseswheretherearenoreli-
ableofficialfigures,estimates
bytherespon-
sibleagencyhavebeenusedwhenavailable.
Inothercases,theUNDPhasmadeitsown
estimatesbasedonfieldinformationorcom-
parablecountrydata.Generally,onlycom-
prehensiveorrepresentativenationaldatahave
beenused.
If
thedatarefertoonlyapartofthe
country,this
isindicated.Thedatainthe
HumanDevelopmentIndicators,derivedfrom
somanysources,inevitablycoverawiderange
ofdatareliability.
Unlessotherwisestated,thesummary
measuresforthevarioushumandevelopment,
incomeandregionalgroups
ofcountriesare
theappropriatelyweightedvaluesforeach
group(seethelistsfollowingtheindicatorsfor
thecomposition
ofeachgroup).Wherethe
summarymeasure
isatotal,the∙letterTap-
pearsafterthefigure.Thefollowingsigns
havebeenused:
Datanotavailable
T
Total
Ruralonly
uUrbanonly
Italicisedfigures
areUNDPestimates.
llLMADEVELOP;vlEt\T
INDICATORS
Contents
Indextocountries124
Key124
Selecteddefinitions181
Classificationofcountries185
Primarysourcesofdata189
TABLE1Humandevelopmentindex(HDI)128
TABLE
2
Profileofhumandevelopment130
•Lifeexpectancy
•Accesstohealthservices
•Accesstosafewater
•Accesstosanitation
TABLE3Profileofhumandeprivation132
•Lackofhealthservices
•Lack
ofsafewater
•Lack
ofsanitation
•Malnourishedchildren
TABLE4Trendsinhumandevelopment134
•Lifeexpectancy
•Under-fivemortality
•Accesstosafewater
TABLE5Humancapitalformation136
•Maleliteracy
•Femaleliteracy
TABLE6South∙Northhumangaps138
•Lifeexpectancy
•Adultliteracy
•Femaleliteracy
•Under-fivemortality
•Maternalmortality
TABLE7South∙Northrealexpenditure140
•Allfood
•Meat
•Dairy,oils,fats
•Cereals,bread
TABLE8Rural∙urbangaps142
•Ruralpopulation
•Ruralaccesstohealthservices
•Ruralaccesstosafewater
•Ruralaccesstosanitation
HUJ\,lAN
DEVELOPMENTINDICATORS
•Caloriesupplyasa
%
ofrequirements
•Adultliteracy
•
GNPpercapita
•Real
GDPpercapita
•Adultilliterates
•Out-of-schoolchildren
•Populationbelowpovertyline
•Caloriesupplyas
%
ofrequirements
•Adultliteracy
•
GNPpercapita
•Adultliteracy
•Scientistsandtechnicians
•Primaryandsecondaryenrolment
•Doctors
•Scientistsandtechnicians
•
GNPpercapita
•Real
GDPpercapita
•
Healthservices
•Pharmaceuticals
•Educationservices
•Books
•
Urbanaccesstohealthservices
•
Urbanaccesstosafewater
•
Urbanaccesstosanitation
•Rural-urbandisparities
125
126
TABLE9Female∙malegaps144
•Lifeexpectancy
•Adultliteracy
•Primaryenrolment
TABLE10Childsurvivalanddevelopment146
•Birthsattended
•Lowbirthweight
•Infantmortality
•Breast-feeding
•Immunisation
TABLE11Healthprofile148
•Accesstohealthservices
•Maternalmortality
•Doctorsandnurses
TABLE12Foodsecurity150
•Foodproduction
•Dailycaloriesupply
TABLE13Educationprofile152
•Primaryenrolment,
grossandnet
•Secondaryenrolment
TABLE14Educationimbalances154
•Dropoutrate
•Pupil-teacherratio
•Combinedprimaryandsecondary
enrolment
TABLE15Employment156
•Totallabourforce
•Femalelabourforce
•Labourforceinagriculture
TABLE16Wealthandpoverty158
•GNPpercapita
•Real
GDPpercapita
•
GNPpercapitaoflowest40%
•Incomeshare
oflowest40%
TABLE17Urbancrowding160
•Urbanpopulation
•
Urbanpopulationgrowth
•Secondaryenrolment
•Labourforce
•Parliament
•Childmalnutrition:underweight
•Wasting
•Stunting
•Under-fivemortality
•Healthexpenditure
•Privatehealthexpenditure
•Foodimportdependency
•Foodaidincereals
•Tertiaryenrolment
•Radios
•Televisions
•Secondarytechnicalenrolment
•Educationexpenditure
•Primaryeducationexpenditure
•Educatedunemployed
•Labourforceinindustry
•Labourforceinservices
•Earningsperemployee
•Ratio
ofhighest20%to
lowest20%incomeshare
•Ginicoefficient
•Urbanandruralpopulation
belowpovertyline
•Personsperhabitableroom
•Highestcitypopulationdensity
IIUMANDEVELOPMENTINDICATORS
TABLE18Militaryexpenditureimbalances
•Militaryexpenditureas%ofGNP
•Militaryexpenditureand
health
&
educationexpenditure
TABLE19Resourceflowsimbalances164
•Officaldevelopmentassistance(ODA)
•
ODAas%ofGNP
•Interestpaymentsondebt
•Debtservice
as%ofexports
ofgoodsandservices
TABLE20Demographicbalancesheet166
•Totalpopulation
•Populationgrowth
•Dependencyratio
•Contraceptiveprevalence
162
•Armsimports
•Militaryexpenditureand
ODA
•Armedforcesandteachers
•Grossinternationalreserves
•Exportsandimports
•Terms
oftrade
•Fertility
•Birthrate
•
Deathrate
TABLE21Naturalresourcesbalancesheet168
•Landarea
•Arableland
•Populationdensity
•Livestock
TABLE22Nationalincomeaccounts170
•Grossdomesticproduct(GDP)
•Grossnationalproduct(GNP)
•
GNPpercapitaandgrowth
•Fuelwoodproduction
•Deforestation
•Internalrenewablewaterresources
•Inflation
•Budgetsurplusordeficit
•Grossdomesticsavings
TABLE23Regionalaggregatesofhumandevelopmentindicators172
TABLE24HDIandincomeaggregates
ofhuman
developmentindicators176
TABLE25Profileofhumandevelopment
forlesspopulouscountries180
•Totalpopulation
•Lifeexpectancy
•Adultliteracy
•Caloriesupply
as%ofrequirements
IIUJI,lAN
DEVELOPMENTINDlCATORS
•Access
to
healthservices
•Accesstosafewater
•
GNPpercapita
•
Humandevelopmentindex
127
..
numdn
oevelopmenrmoex
RealGDPDeprivation
Life
Adult
percapitaGNPHDI
expectancyliteracy
(PPP
$)
NorthHumanperrank
atbirthrate
minimumAveragedevelop-capitaminus
(years)
(%)
ActualLogLifepurchasingofthementrankGNP
1987198519871987
expectancy
Literacy
powerthreeindex
1987
rank
Lowhumandevelopment
1
Niger
4514
4522.660.900.980.770.8840.11620-19
2
Mali
45175432.730.920.940.710.8570.14315
-13
3
BurkinaFaso
4814
500
2.70
0.83
0.990.730.8500.150
13
-10
4
SierraLeone
42304802.681.000.800.750.8500.15027
-23
5
Chad
4626
4002.60
0.88
0.85
0.81
0.843
0.15741
6
Guinea
4329
5002.70
0.970.810.730.8380.16231
-25
7
Somalia
4612
1,0003.00
0.89
1.00
0.510.8000.20023
-16
8
Mauritania
4717
8402.920.860.950.570.7920.20840
-32
9
Afghanistan
4224
1,0003.00
0.990.870.510.7880.21217
-8
10
Benin
47276652.820.85
0.84
0.64
0.7760.224
28
-18
11
Burundi
50
354502.650.780.740.770.7650.23518
-7
12
Bhutan
49
25
700
2.85
0.810.860.630.7640.236
39
13
Mozambique
47
39
5002.70
0.850.700.730.7610.239103
14
Malawi
48424762.68
0.84
0.66
0.750.7500.250
77
15
Sudan
5123
7502.880.760.870.600.7450.25532
-17
16
CentralAfricanRep.
4641
591
2.77
0.880.670.680.7420.258
29
-13
17
Nepal
52267222.860.720.840.620.7270.27389
18
Senegal
4728
1,068
3.03
0.870.820.490.726
0.27443
-25
19
Ethiopia
42664542.661.000390.770.7180.282118
20
Zaire
53
622202.340.690.431.000.706
0.2945
15
21
Rwanda
49475712.76
0.800.600.69
0.6960.30426
-5
22
Angola
45
41
7,0003.00
0.900.670.510.6960.30458
-36
23
Bangladesh
52338832.95
0.730.76
0.55
0.682
0.318617
24
Nigeria
51436682.820.740.650.640.6780.32236
-12
25
YemenArabRep.
5225
7,2503.10
0.720.860.440.672
0.328
47-22
26
Liberia
55
356962.840.630.740.63
0.667
0.33342
-16
27
Togo
54
41670
2.83
0.670.680.640.6630.337
243
28
Uganda
52585112.710.730.480.73
0.646
0.354217
29
Haiti
5538
775
2.89
0.63
0.710.590.6440.35634-5
30
Ghana
55
54
4812.680.640.530.75
0.640
0.36037
-7
31
Yemen,PDR
52
42
7,0003.00
0.730.660.51
0.631
0.36939
-8
32
Coted'ivoire
5342
1,1233.050.690.660.470.6070.393
52
-20
33
Congo
49637562.880.800.420.600.6050.39559
-26
34
Namibia
56
30
7,500
3.78
0.610.800.380.5960.404
60
-26
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
54
75
4052.610.670.290.800.5870.4131223
36
Pakistan
58
30
1,585
3.20
0.57
0.800.360.5770.423333
37
India
59
431,0533.020.530.660.490.5610.439
25
12
38
Madagascar
54
686342.800.660.360.660.5600.4401424
39
PapuaNewGuinea
55
451,843
3.27
0.640.63
0.310.5290.471
50
-11
40
Kampuchea,Oem.
4975
7,0003.00
0.79
0.28
0.510.529
0.471
238
41
Cameroon
52
61
1,381
3.140.730.440.410.5260.47464
-23
42
Kenya
5960
794
2.90
0.520.460.580.5190.48130
12
43
Zambia
5476
717
2.860.66
0.280.620.519
0.481
19
24
44
Morocco
6234
1,761
3.250.460.750.33
0.511
0.48948
-4
Mediumhumandevelopment
45
Egypt
62
451,357
3.130.460.630.410.4990.50149
-4
46
LaoPDR
49
84
7,0003.00
0.790.180.510.4940.506
9
37
47
Gabon
5262
2,068
3.32
0.710.440.270.4750.525
93
-46
48
Oman
5730
7,750
3.89
0.600.800.000.4650.535104
-56
49
Bolivia
54
751,380
3.140.660.290.410.4520.54844
5
50
Myanmar
61
79
7522.880.480.240.600.4390.5611139
51
Honduras
6559
1,119
3.05
0.370.460.470.4370.563
53
-2
52
Zimbabwe
59
74
1,184
3.070.52
0.30
0.45
0.424
0.576457
53
Lesotho
57
731,5853.200.590.310.360.4200.5803518
54
Indonesia
57
741,660
3.22
0.590.300.350.4090.591
41
13
55
Guatemala
6355
1,957
3.29
0.42
0.510.29
0.4080.592
63
-8
56
VietNam
62
80
7,0003.00
0.440.230.510.3920.6081640
57
Algeria
6350
2,6333.420.410.570.200.391
0.609
91-34
58
Botswana
59
712,496
3.40
0.520.330.210.354
0.64669
-11
59
EISalvador
6472
1,733
3.24
0.400.320.33
0.3490.651563
60
Tunisia
66
55
2,741
3.440.33
0.510.18
0.3430.657
70-10
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
66
51
3,300
3.52
0.340.560.120.3400.66097
-36
62
SyrianArabRep.
6660
3,250
3.57
0.340.460.13
0.309
0691
79-17
63
DominicanRep.
6778
7,750
3.24
0.32
0.250.33
0.3010.6995112
64
SaudiArabia
64
55
8,320
3.920.38
0.510.000.2980.702107
-43
65
Philippines
6486
1,878
3.270.39
0.160.31
0.2860.714
46
19
66
China
7069
2,124
3.330.230.36
0.27
0.2840.7162244
128
RealGDPDeprivation
LifeAdult
percapita
GNPHDI
expectancyliteracy(PPP
$)
North
Humanperrank
atbirthrateminimum
Averagedevelop-capitaminus
(years)
(%)
ActualLogLife
purchasing
ofthe
ment
rank
GNP
1987198519871987
expectancyLiteracypowerthree
index
1987
rank
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
62
66
7,250
3.860.46
0.39
0.00
0.2810.719103-36
68
SouthAfrica
61
70
4,9813.70
0.460.34
0.00
0.2690.73182-14
69
Lebanon
6878
2,250
3.350.300.250.250.2650.73578-9
70
Mongolia
64
902,000
3.30
0.39
0.110.29
0.2630.737
57
13
71
Nicaragua
64
882,209
3.340.380.140.25
0.2570.743
54
17
72
Turkey
65
74
3,781
3.580.37
0.30
0.08
0.2490.751
711
73
Jordan
67753,161
3.500.32
0.29
0.14
0.2480.75276-3
74
Peru
63853,1293.500.430.170.140.2470.75374
0
75
Ecuador
6683
2,6873.430.340.190.19
0.2420.758687
76
Iraq
6589
2,400
3.380.370.130.230.2410.75996-20
77
UnitedArabEmirates
71
6012,1914.090.200.460.000.2180.782127-50
78
Thailand
66
912,5763.410.340.100.200.217
0.783
5523
79
Paraguay
67882,6033.420.310.140.200.2160.7846514
80
Brazil
65
784,3073.630.350.260.040.2160.784
85
-5
81
Mauritius
6983
2,6173.420.240.190.20
0.2120.788756
82
Korea,Oem.Rep.
70
902,0003.30
0.23
0.110.29
0.2110.789
6715
83
SriLanka
71872,053
3.310.21
0.15
0.280.2110.789
38
45
84
Albania
7285
2,0003.30
0.170.170.290.2100.7906123
Highhumandevelopment
85
Malaysia
7074
3,8493.590.23
0.300.070.2000.800
80
5
86
Colombia
65883,5243.550.360.140.100.1990.8017214
87
Jamaica
74
822,506
3.400.110.21
0210.176
0.82462
25
88
Kuwait
737013,8434.140.140.340.000.1610.839
122-34
89
Venezuela
70874,3063.630.230.150.04
0.139
0.86195-6
90
Romania
71
96
3,000
3.480.210.050.150.1370.86384
6
91
Mexico
69904,624
3.670.24
0.110.01
0.1240.876
81
10
92
Cuba
7496
2,5003.40
0.110.050.210.1230.8776626
93
Panama
72
89
4,0093.600.170.130.060.117
0.883885
94
TrinidadandTobago
71
963,6643.56
0.21
0.050.090.1150.885100
-6
95
Portugal
74
85
5,5973.750.130.170.00
0.1010.899941
96
Singapore
738612,7904.110.140.160.000.1010.899110-14
97
Korea,Rep.
7095
4,8323.680.230.060.00
0.0970.90392
5
98
Poland
7298
4,0003.60
0.190.020.060.0900.91083
15
99
Argentina
7196
4,6473.67
0.210.050.010.090
0.9108910
100
Yugoslavia
7292
5,000
3.70
0.16
0.10
0.00
0.0870.9139010
101
Hungary
7198
4,500
3.650.210.020.020.0850.91587
14
102
Uruguay
7195
5,0633.700.200.060.00
0.0840.9168616
103
CostaRica
75933,7603.580.100.070.080.0840.91677
26
104
Bulgaria
7293
4,750
3.680.160.080.010.082
0.91899
5
105
USSR
70
99
6,000
3.780.23
0.010.000.0800.9201014
106
Czechoslovakia
72
98
7,750
3.890.190.020.000.0690.931
1024
107
Chile
72984,862
3.690.18
0.02
0.00
0.0690.93173
34
108
HongKong
768813,906
4.140.05
0.140.000.0640.936111-3
109
Greece
76
93
5,500
3.740.070.080.000.051
0.94998
11
110
GermanOem.Rep.
74
99
8,000
3.90
0.13
0.010.000.0470.953
115
-5
111
Israel
76
95
9,1823.960.070.060.000.043
0.957108
3
112
USA
769617,6154.250.070.050.000.0390.961129-17
113
Austria
74
99
12,3864.090.110.01
0.000.0390.961118-5
114
Ireland
74998,5663.930.110.010.000.039
0.961106
8
115
Spain
7795
8,9893.950.04
0.06
0.00
0.0350.96510510
116
Belgium
759913,1404.120.090.010.000.0340.966
116
0
117
Italy
76
9710,682
4.03
0.070.030.000.0340.966112
5
118
NewZealand
75
99
10,5414.020.09
0.010.000.034
0.966109
9
119
Germany,Fed.Rep.
7599
14,730
4.170.090.010.000.0330.967120
-1
120
Finland
75
99
12,7954.110.09
0.010.000.0330.967121-1
121
UnitedKingdom
7699
12,270
4.090.08
0.01
0.000.0300.970113
8
122
Denmark
76
99
15,1194.180.07
0.010.000.0290.971
123
-1
123
France
76
99
13,9614.140.07
0.010.000.0260.9741194
124
Australia
76
99
11,782
4.070.060.010.000.022
0.978
114
10
125
Norway
77
99
15,9404.200.04
0.010.00
0.0170.983128
-3
126
Canada
77
99
16,375
4.21
0.04
0.010.000.0170.983124
2
127
Netherlands
77
9912,661
4.100.040.01
0.00
0.016
0.98411710
128
Switzerland
77
99
15,4034.190.030.010.000.0140.986
130
-2
129
Sweden
77
99
13,780
4.140.030.01
0.000.0130.9871254
130
Japan
78
99
13,1354.120.00
0.010.000.004
0.996
1264
129
a
r"IUIIlt::'
UIIIUIIIClII
Ut::'Vt::'IUfJlllt::'lIl
Population
with
PopulationPopulationDaily
Life
accesstowith
withcalorieAdult
GNPReal
expectancyhealthaccesstoaccesstosupply
literacyper
GDPper
atbirthservicessafewatersanitation
(as
%
of
rate
capitacapita
(years)
(%)(%)(%)
requirements)
(%)
(US$)
(PPP$)
19871985-87
1985-87
1985-871984-86198519871987
Lowhumandevelopment
55
474814
9541300970
ExcludingIndia
5239229140
300880
1
Niger
45414710014
260450
2
Mali
451517198617210540
3
BurkinaFaso
484967
98614190
4
SierraLeone
42
25258130
300
480
5
Chad
46
306926150
6
Guinea
4332
19
77
29
7
Somalia
46
27
3418
9012290
8
Mauritania
47309217440840
9
Afghanistan
42
29
21
9424
10
Benin
471852
3595
27
310670
11
Burundi
50
6126
589735250450
12
Bhutan
4965150
13
Mozambique
4739
16
216939170
14
Malawi
48805610242
160480
15
Sudan
51
51
218823
330
750
16
CentralAfricanRep.
4645
86
41
330590
17
Nepal
52
29
29326160720
18
Senegal
4740539928
520
1,070
19
Ethiopia
42461671
66130450
20
Zaire
5326339862150220
21
Rwanda
49
27
50578147300570
22
Angola
45303019
8241470
23
Bangladesh
524546683
33
160880
24
Nigeria
514046
9043370
670
25
YemenArabRep.
52354294
25590
26
Liberia
553955102
35450700
27
Togo
5461
55
14
9741290670
28
Uganda
5261203095
58260
510
29
Haiti
55
70
38
21
8438360780
30
Ghana
556056307654
390
480
31
Yemen,PDR
523054
96
42
420
32
Coted'ivoire
5330
19110
42740
1,120
33
Congo
498321117
63
870760
34
Namibia
56
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
5476566896180410
36
Pakistan
585544209730
350
1,590
37
India
59
5710100
43300
1,050
38
Madagascar
54563210668210
630
39
PapuaNewGuinea
55
2745
96
457001,840
40
Kampuchea,Dem.
495339875
41
Cameroon
5241334688970
1.380
42
Kenya
593092
60330790
43
Zambia
5475
59569276250720
44
Morocco
62706011834610
1,760
Mediumhumandevelopment
67
75595011371690
2,370
ExcludingChina
63115
73
1,2502,730
45
Egypt
62
7313245
680
1.360
46
LaoPDR
496721104
84170
47
Gabon
5290
92
107622,700
2,070
48
Oman
57915331
30
5,810
49
Bolivia
54
63
4421
8975580
1,380
50
Myanmar
6133
27
24119
200
750
51
Honduras
65
7350
309259810
1,120
52
Zimbabwe
59718974
580
1,180
53
Lesotho
57803615101
73370
1,590
54
Indonesia
57
8038
37116
74450
1,660
55
Guatemala
63
343824
105
55
950
1,960
56
VietNam
6280
46
105
57
Algeria
63886857112
50
2,6802,630
58
Botswana
5989544296
71
1,0502,500
59
EISalvador
64
56
52
609472860
1,730
60
Tunisia
66
906852123
55
1,180
2,740
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
66
7876138
51
62
SyrianArabRep.
667676131
60
1,640
63
DominicanRep.
678063
28
10978730
64
SaudiArabia
6497971256,2008,320
65
Philippines
64
5267104
86590
1,880
66
China
70111
69290
2,120
130
Population
withPopulation
Population
Daily
Lifeaccess
towith
with
calorie
Adult
GNP
Real
expectancyhealthaccess
to
accessto
supply
literacy
per
GOPper
atbirth
services
safe
water
sanitation
(as
%
of
rate
capitacapita
(years)
(%)(%)(%)
requirements)
(%)
(US$)(PPP$)
19871985-871985-871985-871984-86
198519871987
67LibyanArabJamahiriya6297153
66
5,460
68SouthAfrica61
1201,8904,980
69
Lebanon
689312578
70
Mongolia64116
71Nicaragua64
83
49
27
110
888302,210
72
Turkey6578125
741,210
3,780
73Jordan6797
9661121751,5603,160
74Peru63755550
9385
1,470
3,130
75Ecuador
66
62
58
67
89831,0402,690
76
Iraq
6593
87
75
124893,020
77
UnitedArabEmirates
71
9015,83012,190
78
Thailand
66
70
645310591
850
2,580
79Paraguay676129
86
123
88
9902,600
80
Brazil
657864111782,0204,310
81Mauritius6910010092121
83
1,490
2,620
82Korea,Dem.
Rep.
70
135
..
83
SriLanka
71934045110874002,050
84Albania
72
114
Highhumandevelopment
73
1319,250
11,860
85Malaysia708476121741,8103,850
86Colombia
65
609270
110
1,2403,520
87Jamaica
749096
911169402,510
88Kuwait73100
70
14,61013,840
89Venezuela
7090
51102873,230
4,310
90Romania71
1272,560
91Mexico
697758135
90
1,8304,620
92Cuba74
13596
93
Panama
72
8083
81
107892,2404,010
94TrinidadandTobago
71999898126
96
4,2103,660
95Portugal74128
85
2,8305,600
96Singapore73100100
99124
867,940
12,790
97Korea,Rep.
7093771001222,6904,830
98Poland
72
126
2,070
99Argentina7171
5669136962,3904,650
100Yugoslavia
72
139922,480
101Hungary71
1352,240
102
Uruguay
71
82855910095
2,1905,060
103
CostaRica75809194124
931,610
3,760
104Bulgaria
72
145
4,150
105USSR
70133
4,550
106Czechoslovakia
72
141
5,820
107Chile
72
9794
85
106
98
1,3104,860
108HongKong76121
888,07013,910
109
Greece
76
147
93
4,020
110
German
Oem.
Rep.74145
7,180
111Israel76118
95
6,800
9,180
112USA76138
9618,53017,620
113
Austria74
130
11,980
12,390
114Ireland74146
6,1208,570
115Spain77137
95
6,010
8,990
116Belgium75146
11,48013,140
117
Italy7613997
10,350
10,680
118NewZealand75129
7,750
10,540
119Germany,Fed.Rep.7513014,40014,730
120Finland75113
14,47012,800
121UnitedKingdom76
128
10,42012,270
122Denmark76131
14,93015,120
123France76
130
12,790
13,960
124Australia7612511,100
11,780
125
Norway
77
120
17,19015,940
126Canada77129
15,16016,380
127Netherlands
77
12111,86012,660
128Switzerland77
128
21,33015,400
129Sweden77113
15,550
13,780
130
Japan78
122
15,760
13,140
Alldevelopingcountries626155
3210760
6501,970
Leastdevelopedcountries50
46
3520
89
37
210
690
Sub-SaharanAfrica
514537
91
48
440990
Industrialcountries74132
10,760
14,260
World
65
113
3,100
4,110
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
131
~
rl
VIII'l:
VI
IIUlllall
U'l:t"'llvauvlI
Millions
Without
Without
Without
Population
access
to
accessto
accessto
Malnourishedbelow
healthsafeadequate
(underweight)
Illiterate
Out-of-school
poverty
services
watersanitationchildrenadultschildrenline
1985-871985-871985-871980-8819851986-881977-86
Lowhumandevelopment775T
750T
l,300T90TSOOT140T700T
ExcludingIndia
1Niger
4.03.60.6
3.11.7
1.9r
2
Mali7.57.3
7.10.53.92.23.9
3
Burkina
Faso4.3
2.8
7.74.21.9
4
SierraLeone
2.9
2.9
0.2
1.6
0.71.8r
5
Chad
3.8
2.3
1.12.6
6
Guinea
4.45.3
2.6
1.5
7
Somalia5.24.75.83.31.84.2
8
Mauritania
1.3
0.1
0.90.4
9Afghanistan
11.012.0
7.0
3.41.2u
10Benin
3.6
2.12.9
1.7
0.71.8r
11Burundi2.0
3.8
2.10.3
1.8
1.14.3
12Bhutan
0.50.3
13Mozambique9.0
12.0
12.0
5.12.8
14Malawi
1.63.50.42.51.2
6.1
15Sudan12.0
19.0
10.0
4.5
16.0r
16
CentralAfrican
Rep.1.50.90.51.4r
17Nepal
13.0
18.0
2.1
7.8
2.2
11.0
18Senegal
4.23.30.32.81.2
19
Ethiopia
24.038.02.9
8.3
10.0
29.0
20Zaire
25.0
23.01.8
6.94.817.0r
21
Rwanda5.03.42.90.41.81.25.8
22
Angola6.7
6.77.7
3.11.4
23
Bangladesh60.059.0103.011.041.019.094.0
24
Nigeria63.0
57.0
31.0
11.0
25
YemenArab
Rep.4.94.40.92.90.9
26
Liberia
1.5
1.1
0.1
0.9
0.50.3r
27Togo
1.2
1.4
2.8
0.2
1.1
0.30.3u
28Uganda
6.714.012.00.33.82.8
29
Haiti1.93.95.00.32.40.74.7
30
Ghana
5.66.29.90.73.61.86.2
31
Yemen,PDR
1.61.10.10.70.30.3r
32
Cote
d'ivoire
8.1
9.4
0.3
3.4
1.9
3.2
33
Congo
0.31.5
0.10.4
34
Namibia
35
Tanzania,United
Rep.6.111.08.12.54.2
36
Pakistan52.0
64.092.011.044.023.034.0
37
India
352.0
737.046.0297.0
10.0
394.0
38
Madagascar
4.97.60.72.00.95.6
39
PapuaNewGuinea
2.8
2.1
0.2
1.2
0.6
2.5
40
Kampuchea,Dem.3.77.71.3
41Cameroon
6.37.25.80.30.93.0
42
Kenya
16.0
4.5
10.0
43
Zambia2.03.23.51.00.7
1.1u
44
Morocco
7.29.60.6
9.3
3.28.9
Mediumhumandevelopment
475T750T
l,100T55T370T100T450T
ExcludingChina
45
Egypt
..
14.01.317.02.712.0
46
LaoPDR1.3
3.0
0.30.4
0.3
47Gabon
0.10.10.3
48
Oman
0.10.71.00.50.1
49
Bolivia2.6
3.9
5.5
0.2
1.00.52.9r
50
Myanmar27.0
29.0
30.0
2.14.2
16.0
51
Honduras
1.3
2.43.40.2
1.1
0.41.8
52
Zimbabwe
2.60.2
1.3
0.2
53
Lesotho
0.3
1.1
1.40.3
0.1
0.9
54
Indonesia
35.0109.0110.011.029.017.068.0
55
Guatemala
5.75.46.60.5
2.1
1.3
6.2
56
VietNam
13.035.04.75.53.0r
57Algeria
2.9
7.6
10.06.6
1.7
2.1u
58
Botswana
0.10.60.7
0.0
0.20.10.6
59
EISalvador
2.22.42.00.80.51.4
60
Tunisia
0.82.53.70.22.20.51.4
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
12.013.04.115.02.5
62
SyrianArabRep.
2.82.8
2.4
0.5
63
Dominican
Rep.1.4
2.6
5.00.10.9
0.1
3.0
64
SaudiArabia
0.40.41.5
65
Philippines
29.020.0
2.95.01.535.0
66
China
251.040.087.0r
132
Millions
WithoutWithoutWithout
Population
accesstoaccesstoaccesstoMalnourished
below
healthsafeadequate
(underweight)IlliterateOut-of-school
poverty
serviceswatersanitationchildrenadultschildrenline
1985-871985-871985-871980-881985
1986-88
1977-86
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
0.10.8
68
SouthAfrica
69
Lebanon
0.2
0.1
0.40.1
70Mongolia
0.0
71Nicaragua
0.6
1.8
2.6
0.10.20.3
0.7
72
Turkey
12.0
9.12.9
..
73Jordan
0.10.21.50.5
0.00.6
74
Peru
5.3
9.611.0
0.41.9
0.17.2u
75
Ecuador3.9
4.33.40.31.00.35.2
76
Iraq
1.22.34.4
10
1.2
77
UnitedArabEmirates
0.2
0.10.0r
78
Thailand16.0
19.025.01.53.2
5.2
16.0
79Paraguay
1.62.80.60.3
0.4
1.4
80
Brazil
32.052.02.4
21.05.0
81Mauritius
0.0
0.0
0.10.00.10.00.1
82Korea,Oem.Rep.
..
1.5
83
SriLanka
1.2
10.09.20.71.50.6
84Albania
0.1
Highhumandevelopment
85Malaysia
2.74.0
2.70.9
4.6
86Colombia
12.02.49.20.5
1.313.0
87Jamaica0.2
0.10.20.00.1
1.0r
88Kuwait
0.00.00.4
0.1
89Venezuela
1.99.20.31.5
0.8
90
Romania
0.3
91Mexico
20.036.0
5.23.5
92
Cuba
0.3
0.1
93Panama
0.5
0.40.40.00.2
0.10.6
94
TrinidadandTobago0.0
0.00.00.00.00.00.2r
95Portugal
1.20.2
96Singapore
0.0
0.00.00.00.30.0
97
Korea,Rep.
3.0
9.80.00.2
6.8
98
Poland
0.4
99
Argentina
9.114.09.8
1.00.3
100Yugoslavia
1.50.6
101Hungary
0.2
102Uruguay
0.60.51.3
0.10.00.6u
103
CostaRica0.6
0.30.20.0
0.1
0.2
104Bulgaria
0.1
105USSR
0.0
106
Czechoslovakia
0.6
107Chile
0.40.81.9
0.0
0.2
0.2
108HongKong
0.5
0.1
100
Greece
0.60.0
110
German
Oem.Rep.
0.3
111Israel
0.20.0
112
USA
0.0
113Austria
0.1
114
Ireland
0.2
115
Spain
1.70.0
116Belgium
0.0
117Italy
1.4
0.7
118NewZealand
0.0
119Germany,
Fed.
Rep.
0.3
120Finland
0.0
121
UnitedKingdom
0.5
122Denmark
0.0
123
France
0.0
124Australia
0.0
125Norway
0.0
126
Canada
0.0
127
Netherlands
0.0
128Switzerland
0.0
129Sweden
0.1
130Japan
0.0
Alldevelopingcountries
1,500T
1,750
T2,800T150T
870T
240T1,150T
Leastdevelopedcountries225T
250T350T35T150T
70T250T
Sub-SaharanAfrica
Industrialcountries
World
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
133
..
II
""'11"-41,""
II'•
1"41'.......
""'''''".'-'''til'1'0;1''"
Under-PopulationDaily
five
withcalorie
Adult
Lifemortalityaccessto
supplyliteracy
GNP
expectancyratesafewater
(as
%
ofratepercapita
(years)(per1,000)
(%)
requirements)
(%)
(US$)
1960197519871960198819751985-87
1964-661984-86
1970198519761987
Lowhumandevelopment4249
5528517031488995
29
41180
300
ExcludingIndia40465228718630
39
88912340220
300
1Niger354045
320
228
274785100414160
260
2
Mali
35394537029217
8386817100210
3BurkinaFaso
36
42
48
362233256791
86814110190
4SierraLeone323642386266
25798113
30200300
5
Chad
35
40
4632622326
9969
11
26120150
6
Guinea
3337433462481419
81
77
14
29
150
7Somalia
36
42
46294221383492
90312110290
8
Mauritania
354147320220
8892
17340
440
9
Afghanistan
333942380300
9
21
9094824160
10Benin
35
414731018534
52
8895
16
27130310
11Burundi4245
50
258188
261039720
35
120
250
12Bhutan
38
4349297197
70150
13Mozambique37434733029816
86692239170170
14Malawi
3842483642625691102
3042
140
160
15Sudan394451293181
21798817
23290330
16CentralAfricanRep.3742
4630822391
86
16
41230330
17Nepal384552297197
829879313
26
120
160
18Senegal3741
4731313653104
991228390520
19Ethiopia364242294259
816
77
71
66
100
130
20Zaire42475325113819
33989842
62
140
150
21
Rwanda424549
2482066850
73
81
3247110300
22Angola333945346292
3081821241
330
470
23
Bangladesh4046
52262
188
5646918324
33
110
160
24Nigeria40465131817446
95902543
380
370
25
YemenArabRep.3745
52378
190
42
80
94
525250590
26Liberia
41
4955258147
55
9410218
35450450
27Togo394754
305
15316
551019717
41260290
28Uganda4348522241693520
96954158240260
29Haiti4250
55
29417112
38888422
38200360
30Ghana
4551
5522414635
56
87
763154580390
31
Yemen,PDR37
455237819754
84962042280420
32
Cote
d'ivoire3947
53
264142
1910211018
42610740
33Congo38
44
492411143821101117
3563520870
34Namibia4250
56
262176
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.4148
542481763956
859633180180
36Pakistan435058277166254476
972130170
350
37India4452
59
28214931
578910034
43150300
38
Madagascar
4148
54364
184
2532108106
5068200210
39PapuaNewGuinea4149552478120
2772963245490
700
40
Kampuchea,Dem.42
36
49218
1993989875
41Cameroon4046
52275
153
33
898833290970
42Kenya45525920811317
30989232
60
240
330
43
Zambia4248
5422812742599192
52
76440
250
44Morocco475462265119
6092
118
2234540610
Mediumhumandevelopment
486167209723359
88
113
5771540690
ExcludingChina48566321494
9211573740
1,250
45Egypt46546230012573
971323545280
680
46LaoPDR40424923215921
86
104
3384
90170
47
Gabon4146
52288
169
9281107
3362
2,700
48Oman40485737864
53305,810
49Bolivia43485428217234
44
77
895775
390580
50
Myanmar445461229
95
17
278911971
120200
51Honduras46566523210741508792
5359390810
52
Zimbabwe455359182113
87895574
550580
53
Lesotho425057
208136
17
3689101
6273170370
54
Indonesia414957
235
119
113881116
5474240450
55
Guatemala46
55632309939389310544
55630950
56
VietNam445362233884697
105
57
Algeria475563270107
77
687211225
50990
2,680
58
Botswana4652
59
174
925488
96
41
71
1,050
59
EISalvador505864206845352
80945772490860
60
Tunisia4858
66255836894123
3155840
1,180
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
505766
254
90517687
1382951
1,930
62
SyrianArabRep.50596621864
768913140
60
7801,640
63
DominicanRep.52616720081
55638510967
78
780730
64
SaudiArabia4456
64
292
98649779125
9
4,4806,200
65
Philippines5359641357340
5282104
8386
410
590
66
China47657020243
86111
69
410
290
134
Under-
Population
Daily
fivewith
calorie
Adult
Lifemortalityaccessto
supply
literacy
GNP
expectancy
ratesafe
water
(as
%
of
ratepercapita
(years)(per1,000)
(%)
requirements)
(%)
(US$)
19601975
1987
1960198819751985-87
1964-661984-86
1970198519761987
67LibyanArabJamahiriya
47
5462
268119
87
978315337666,310
5,460
68SouthAfrica
49
5561
192
95
1071201,3401,890
69Lebanon60
6568
92
519399
125
69
78
70Mongolia
52
61
64
15859106
116
81860
71Nicaragua475564
210
95
4649107
110
5888
750
830
72
Turkey
505965
258
9368
78105125
52749901,210
73Jordan
47
59
67218579693
12147756101,560
74
Peru
48
5663
233123475598937185800
1,470
75
Ecuador536066
1838736588389
72
83
6401,040
76
Iraq
485965222
94
66
87891243489
1,390
3,020
77
UnitedArabEmirates53657123932
1615,830
78
Thailand
5260
66
14949256495
10579
91380
850
79Paraguay
6466
67134
6213291121238088640990
80
Brazil55
616516085
78100111
66
781,1402,020
81
Mauritius
596469
104291001031216883
1,490
82
Korea,Dem.Rep.546470
1203399135
470
83SriLanka6266
71113431940
1001107787200
400
84Albania
6268
72
15134102114
540
Highhumandevelopment
68
7173
67
27
121131
4,350
9,250
85Malaysia
546470106323484
101121
60
748601,810
86Colombia
556165
148
6864
92
9411078
6301,240
87
Jamaica6368
7488228696
100116
97
1,070
940
88Kuwait606873
12822
89
5470
15,48014,610
89Venezuela60
6770
114
4490
941027587
2,570
3,230
90Romania6569
718228
11412794
1,450
2,560
91Mexico
57
6469
1406862771111357490
1,0901,830
92Cuba
63
72
74
87181021358796860
93Panama
61
68
72
10534
77
8398
107
8189
1,310
2,240
94TrinidadandTobago64
67
7167239398103
126
9296
2,240
4,210
95
Portugal
6369
7411217
107128
72
85
1,690
2,830
96Singapore
6470
7350
12100871247486
2,700
7,940
97Korea,Rep.
54647012033667796
122
88
670
2,690
98
Poland
6771
72
7018123126982,8602,070
99
Argentina6568
7175376656
119
1369396
1,5502,390
100Yugoslavia
6369
72
113281281398492
1,680
2,480
101Hungary
6870
71
5719122135982,2802,240
102Uruguay6869
71563185
106100
93
951,3902,190
103
CostaRica626975
12122
72
911041248893
1,040
1,610
104Bulgaria68
71
72
6920
137145922,310
4,150
105USSR6868
70
533212613398
2,760
4,550
106Czechoslovakia7070
72
32
15139
141
3,8405,820
107
Chile5765
72
142267094
108106
8998
1,050
1,310
108Hong
Kong
66737665
10
12177882,1108,070
109
Greece69
737664
18
124147
85
932,5904,020
110GermanDem.Rep.
70717444
12122145
4,220
7,180
111Israel
69
72
76
4014109118
88
953,920
6,800
112
USA
70727630
13126138967,89018,530
113Austria69
71744310
126130
5,330
11,980
114Ireland
70
72
74
369
1381462,5606,120
115
Spain69747756
12100117137
90
952,9206,010
116
Belgium
70
72
75
35
13128146996,78011,480
117Italy69
73765011
124
139
9497
3,05010,350
118NewZealand
71
72
75
27
121271294,250
7,750
119
Germany,
Fed.Rep.6971
754010118130
7,38014,400
120Finland
68
717528
71161135,62014,470
121
UnitedKingdom
71
72
762711
1331284,02010,420
122Denmark
72
747625
11127131
7,450
14,930
123
France
70
73
763410135130996,550
12,790
124Australia
71737625
10120125
6,100
11,100
125
Norway
73
75
77
23
10115120
7,420
17,190
126
Canada
7174
77
338
122129
7,51015,160
127Netherlands
7375
77
228
123
1216,200
11,860
128Switzerland
7175
77
278127
128
8,880
21,330
129
Sweden
7375
77
20
71171138,67015,550
130
Japan
6874
78
40
8
112122994,910
15,760
Alldevelopingcountries
46
5762
243121
355590
1074360
450650
Leastdevelopedcountries394550
288205313587892537
140
210
Sub-SaharanAfrica
4046
51284
1832437
92
912648350
440
Industrialcountries
69
71
744618124132
4,850
10,760
World
5361
65218108100
113
1,800
3,100
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
135
K.-
nUlllall
\"alJn.al
IUllllaUUII
Adultliteracyrate
(percentageofthose15yearsandolder)
Scientistsand
19701985
technicians
Male
Female
TotalMale
(per1,000people)
FemaleTotal
1970-87
Lowhumandevelopment
40
17
29
5429
41
2.9
ExcludingIndia32
13
23512940
1.9
1Niger624
19
9
14
2Mali
11
4
8
23
11
17
3
Burkina
Faso133821614
4SierraLeone
18
8
13
38
21
30
5Chad
202
11
40
11
26
6
Guinea
217
14
401729
7Somalia5
13186
12
8
Mauritania17
9
Afghanistan13
28
398
24
10Benin
238
16
371627
11
Burundi
29102043
27
35
12Bhutan
13
Mozambique29
14
22
55
22
39
14
Malawi
4218
305231422.8
15
Sudan
28617331523
0.8
16
CentralAfrican
Rep.266165329
41
17Nepal233
13
39
12260.9
18Senegal
18512371928
19
Ethiopia
866
20Zaire
612242794562
21Rwanda
43
21326133470.4
22
Angola
167
1249
33
41
23
Bangladesh
361224
43
2233
1.1
24Nigeria35
14
255431431.7
25YemenArab
Rep.9
15427250.4
26
Liberia
27
8
184723
35
27
Togo
27
717532841
03
28Uganda
5230
41
7045
58
29Haiti
2617
22
4035386.0
30Ghana
43
18
316443542.6
31Yemen,PDR
319205925
42
32
Cote
d'ivoire
261018533142
33Congo
50
19
35
71
5563
3.9
34Namibia
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.48
18
339388
36
Pakistan30
11
214019
30
37India
4720
34572943
33
38Madagascar
56
43
50
7462
68
39
PapuaNewGuinea
39
2432553545
4.7
40
Kampuchea,Dem.238565
75
41
Cameroon47
19
3368
49
5.8
42
Kenya
44
1932704960
3.7
43
Zambia6637
528467767.6
44
Morocco
34
10
22
45
22
34
Mediumhumandevelopment6748
5781
61
7111.8
ExcludingChina80
667319.6
45Egypt50
20355930
45
47.0
46
LaoPDR
3728
33
927684
47Gabon
432233
70
5362
48Oman
47
1230
49
Bolivia68
465784
65
75
50
Myanmar85
57
712.1
51Honduras
555053
61
5859
3.2
52
Zimbabwe63
4755
816774
53Lesotho
49
74
62
6284
73
54Indonesia66
4254836574
130
55
Guatemala
5137
44
634755
2.1
56
VietNam
8880
57
Algeria
39
11
25
6337
50
58
Botswana
37
4441
736971
2.5
59
EISalvador
6153577569
72
1.8
60
Tunisia
44
17
3168
41
55
2.0
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
401729623951
12.0
62SyrianArab
Rep.
6020
407643
60
7.2
63
Dominican
Rep.
69656778
77
78
6.2
64SaudiArabia
1529
71
31
65
Philippines
848183868586
66
China
825669
7.0
136
Adultliteracyrate
(percentageofthose
15
yearsandolder)
Scientistsand
1970
1985
technicians
MaleFemaleTotalMale
Female
Total
(per
1,000
people)
1970-87
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
6013
37815066
17.0
68
SouthAfrica
69
Lebanon
79586986
6978
70
Mongolia
87748195
87
1.6
71
Nicaragua
585758
88
72
Turkey
69345286
6274
34.0
73
Jordan
6429
47876375
6.6
74
Peru
816071
9178
85
75
Ecuador
75
68
72
858083
13.0
76
Iraq
5018
34
90
8789
7.3
77
UnitedArabEmirates
24716
78
Thailand
86
72
799488
911.6
79
Paraguay
85
75
80
918588
80
Brazil
69
6366
797678
36.0
81
Mauritius
77
5968
89
77
83
25.0
82
Korea,Dem.Rep.
..
83
SriLanka
85
69
77
9183
87
4.7
84
Albania
Highhumandevelopment
135.5
85
Malaysia
7148608166
74
6.9
86
Colombia
79
76
7882
88
87
Jamaica
96
9797
8.0
88
Kuwait
65
4254
7663
70
76.0
89
Venezuela
7971758885
87
125.0
90
Romania
96
9194
..
91
Mexico
7869
74928890
92
Cuba
86
8787
96
9696
52.0
93
Panama
818181898889
11.0
94
TrinidadandTobago
9589
92979596
11.0
95
Portugal
7865
72
898185
96
Singapore
92557493
798626.0
97
Korea,Rep.
94818896
91
98
Poland
989798
168.0
99
Argentina
94
92
93969696
100
Yugoslavia
92
768497
8792192.0
101
Hungary
989898
251.0
102
Uruguay
93
93
9395
103
CostaRica
888788
94939377.0
104
Bulgaria
94
89
92
113.0
105
USSR
989798
128.0
106
Czechoslovakia
130.0
107
Chile
9088
8997
97
98
270
108
HongKong
90
64
77
95
81
88214.0
109
Greece
93
7685
97
89
93166.0
110
GermanDem.Rep.
101.0
111
Israel
938388
97939582.0
112
USA
9655.0
113
Austria
268.0
114
Ireland
244.0
115
Spain
93879097
92
95
130.0
116
Belgium
999999
117
Italy
9593
949896
9783.0
118
NewZealand
49.0
119
Germany,Fed.Rep.
139.0
120
Finland
376.0
121
UnitedKingdom
122
Denmark
63.0
123
France
9998
99
83.0
124
Australia
157.0
125
Norway
103.0
126
Canada
257.0
127
Netherlands
219.0
128
Switzerland
202.0
129
Sweden
262.0
130
Japan
999999
317.0
Alldevelopingcountries
53
3343
71
5060
9.7
Leastdevelopedcountries
3316
25472737
1.4
Sub-SaharanAfrica
34
17
265938
482.6
Industrialcountries
140.5
World
44.4
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
137
..;)OUln-I'IUnnnumall
gaps
Index:
North
=
100(seefootnote)
CombinedScientists
Under-
primaryandandtech-Real
AdultFemale
five
Maternal
secondaryDoctorsnicians
GNPGOP
Lifeliteracyliteracy
mortality
mortalityenrolment(per1,000
(per1,000perper
expectancyraterate
raterateratiopeople)people)
capitacapita
1987
19851985
1988
1980-871986-88
19841970-8519871985
Lowhumandevelopment
69
4130
10
443
3235
ExcludingIndia
1Niger
611510
86
171
23
2Mali60
18
12
6
..
15224
3
Burkina
Faso651478
3
201
2
..
4SierraLeone5632237539
33
3
5
Chad62
27
12
8330
1
1
6
Guinea
5830
187
..
201
..
7Somalia621378214
33
8Mauritania63
18
..
8
..
37446
9
Afghanistan
57269
6
417
..
..
10Benin6428
17
10433
3
5
11Burundi673729103422
3
12Bhutan669
18
21
13Mozambique64
4124
6351
2
..
14Malawi
64
4434
7494213
15Sudan68251610437
5
1
35
16CentralAfrican
Rep.624432
8
441
2
..
34
17Nepal7028
13
9358111
5
18Senegal6330
21
144
39357
19Ethiopia56
707
29113
20Zaire
72
66
49
13
5312
21Rwanda665036912460
3
4
22Angola
614436
6
..
50
..
4
..
23Bangladesh6935
24
10
443
7116
24Nigeria69
45
34
113
666
1
35
25
YemenArab
Rep.70
27
8
10
65705
26Liberia74
3725
13
31545
27
Togo
72
433012
665
0
35
28Uganda
70
614911
8
48
2
..
24
29Haiti75
40
3811116064
35
30
Ghana745747
13
2
583
2
43
31
Yemen,PDR7045
27
953
11
4
..
32
Cote
d'ivoire
72
45
34
13
..
48
....
78
33
Congo666760
162
6
3
85
34
Namibia75
..
10
..
....
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
72
961074323
36Pakistan7732
21
1153016
..
311
37India794532127
98
182
37
38Madagascar
73
72
6710
1075524
39PapuaNewGuinea74
47
38233
43
737
13
40Kampuchea,Oem.6780
71
9
41Cameroon70
..
5312
8
72
4
9
10
42
Kenya80
64
531614
..
5336
43Zambia7380
73
1516
71652
5
44Morocco83362416853
36
12
Mediumhumandevelopment87
7974
2t
22
80
27
5
9
16
ExcludingChina
45Egypt
83
4833158
8358
33
6
10
46
LaoPDR67898312
69
34
2
..
47Gabon
70
6658
11
..
16
2514
48
Oman76321329
..
74
27
54
..
49Bolivia7379711157830
510
50
Myanmar82
..
..
191762122
25
51Honduras
876363174977
30288
52Zimbabwe80
7973
16596758
53
Lesotho77
77
9114
..
802
3
11
54
Indonesia7779
71
165
66594
12
55
Guatemala
85
58
51
192253211
914
56
VietNam
84
..
87211771
46
..
..
57Algeria8553
4017
17
78
20
..
2518
58
Botswana8076
75
20
10
84721017
59
EISalvador
86
7775
22
35
70
16
1
812
60
Tunisia895945
22
8802111119
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
89
5442
21
..
8517
9
62
SyrianArab
Rep.
89
644729
989
36515
63
Dominican
Rep.9083
84
2333952647
64
SaudiArabia87
3419
6266
5858
65
Philippines86
919225
26
94
75
13
66
China94
73
6143
56
84
465315
138
Index:
North
=
100(seefootnote)
Combined
Scientists
Under-primaryandandtech-
Real
AdultFemalefive
MaternalsecondaryDoctorsnicians
GNP
GDP
Lifeliteracy
literacy
mortalitymortalityenrolment(per1,000(per1,000
perper
expectancy
raterateraterateratiopeople)people)
capitacapita
19871985
198519881980-871986-88
1984
1970-85
19871985
67LibyanArabJamahiriya
8370541631
661251
..
68SouthAfrica83
....
1930
..
18
35
69Lebanon91
83
75
36
..
92
..
70
Mongolia
86
..
95312498
..
1
..
..
71Nicaragua8794195278
31815
72
Turkey8778672012
8033
24
1127
73Jordan90796832
..
102
4051422
74Peru84
90
8515
28
101
44
..
1422
75Ecuador8988872113915591019
76Iraq
87
9595204981
26528
77
UnitedArabEmirates
96
..
588545
..
147
85
78Thailand89979638
..
64
7
1
8
18
79
Pararrua
y
90
9492
3067031
..
9
18
80
Brazi
8882832220884226
1930
81Mauritius9488846424
80
2418
1418
82Korea,Oem.Rep.94
5660
75
..
83
SriLanka
959390434187
8
3414
84Albania
9754
95
Highhumandevelopment100
99
96
100
+
100
+
9690895779
85Malaysia947972
584281245
17
27
86Colombia8896272285
38
1225
87Jamaica100
..
..
84
22842269
18
88Kuwait99746884
100
+
89725413697
89Venezuela
94
93924242
86
65893030
90Romania95
..
..
661695
80
24
..
91Mexico94969627
30
87
37
..
1732
92Cuba100102104
100
+
7298
..
37
....
93
Panama
97959654438547821
28
94TrinidadandTobago9510210380459648
83926
95Portugal999088
100
+
100
+
91112
..
2639
96
Singapore999186
100
+
100
+
95351974
90
97Korea,Rep.94
9956949939
..
2534
98Poland96
..
..
100
+
100
+
9893
120
19
..
99
Argentina95102104
50369912422
33
100Yugoslavia979795
66100
+
8783137
23
101
Hungary95
..
979490148179
21
102
Uruguay96
101
60
64
9590
..
20
35
103
CostaRica
101
99
101
846877485515
26
104
Bulgaria9892
100
+
988039
105
USSR94
58
51103
9142
106
Czechoslovakia
96
....
100
+
100
+
80
..
93
54
..
107Chile
97
1041057152963719
1234
108Hong
Kong103
93
88
100
+
100
+
9043152
7597
109
Greece
102
98
97
100
+
100
+
100
131118
37
110
GermanOem.
Rep.99
..
..
100
+
100
+
8972
67
111Israel102101101
100
+
100
+
102
13158
6364
112
USA
102102
100
+
100
+
1039739
172123
113Austria100
100
+
100
+
88117191111
87
114Ireland100
100
+
100
+
79
67174
57
60
115
Spain103101100
100
+
100
+
103143
93
5663
116Belgium101
..
100
+
100
+
102139107
92
117Italy102103
104
100
+
100
+
9519959
96
75
118NewZealand101
100
+
100
+
977935
7274
119
Germany,Fed.Rep.101
100
+
100
+
9912199134103
120
Finland101
100
+
100
+
103104268
13490
121UnitedKingdom102
100
+
100
+
96
....
97
86
122Denmark102
100
+
100
+
10311545
139106
123
France102
100
+
100
+
10314359
11998
124Australia
103
100
+
100
+
103104
112
103
83
125
Norway
104
100
+
100
+
98102
73
160112
126
Canada
104
100
+
100
+
103
90
183141
115
127Netherlands104
100
+
100
+
103
10215611089
128
Switzerland104
100
+
100
+
103
65
144
198
108
129
Sweden104
100
+
100
+
98117
187
14597
130
Japan106
100
+
100
+
69
22614692
Alldevelopingcountries8066
56161071164
6
12
Leastdevelopedcountries66
35
24
9
4
423124
Sub-SaharanAfrica
6944
3410
645
3
2
35
Industrialcountries100100
100100100
100100100
100100
World
Note:
AllfiguresareexpressedinrelationtotheNorthaverage,whichisindexedtoequal100.Thesmallerthefigurethebiggerthegap,thecloserthefigureisto100thesmaller
thegap,andafigureabove100indicatesthatthecountryhasovertakentheNorthaverage.Allaggregatesinthistablearemedians.Summarydataforregionalandincome
groupsaregivenintables23and24.
139
~UU
lIl-nlUIL11
I
t:al
t:AtJt:IIUllUIt:
Indexofrealpercapitaexpenditure:North
=
100(seefootnote)
Dairy,
Cereals,
Health
Pharma-
Education
Allfood
Meat
oils,fatsbreadservices
ceuticalsservices
Books
1985
1985
1985
198519851985
1985
1985
Lowhumandevelopment
191610633
3
213
ExcludingIndia
1
Niger
2
Mali
15
23
2
52029
3
BurkinaFaso
4
SierraLeone
5
Chad
6
Guinea
7
Somalia
8
Mauritania
9
Afghanistan
10
Benin
11
Burundi
12
Bhutan
13
Mozambique
14
Malawi
1910
3
100
3
12
0
15
Sudan
16
CentralAfricanRep.
17
Nepal
18
Senegal
3016
22
8013213
19
Ethiopia
7542631107
20
Zaire
21
Rwanda
22
Angola
23
Bangladesh
24
Nigeria
251615414
3
17
6
25
YemenArabRep.
26
Liberia
27
Togo
28
Uganda
29
Haiti
30
Ghana
31
Yemen,PDR
32
Coted'ivoire
27
2116622216
33
Congo
34
Namibia
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
13
634722210
36
Pakistan
422149128232263
37
India
19
216633
7
21
2
38
Madagascar
2525593
0
1
222
39
PapuaNewGuinea
40
Kampuchea,Dem.
41
Cameroon
1311939
6
14234
42
Kenya
17
5
11
6942393
43
Zambia
171584137150
44
Morocco
41
2727
11938363
Mediumhumandevelopment
4431251031626487
ExcludingChina
45
Egypt
46
LaoPDR
47
Gabon
48
Oman
49
Bolivia
47
70254118
21
19
50
Myanmar
..
..
..
..
..
..
51
Honduras
27
24
28
3219
22
173
52
Zimbabwe
14
1210424420
10
53
Lesotho
..
54
Indonesia
31
65
114
3
1
142
55
Guatemala
47
4939
103
6139
6729
56
VietNam
57
Algeria
....
....
..
..
..
..
58
Botswana
29
27
1311710
8
481
59
EISalvador
26
13
23621639325
60
Tunisia
59255717082658
10
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
62
SyrianArabRep.
......
....
63
DominicanRep.
59494411029435716
64
SaudiArabia
65
Philippines
443110175
327
48
2
66
China
140
Indexofrealpercapitaexpenditure:North
=
100(seefootnote)
Dairy,Cereals,
Health
Pharma-
Education
Allfood
Meatoils,fatsbreadservicesceuticals
servicesBooks
198519851985198519851985
1985
1985
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
68
SouthAfrica
69
Lebanon
70
Mongolia
71
Nicaragua
72
Turkey
73
Jordan
74
Peru
5348
28
961230
567
75
Ecuador
733118621741
61
9
76
Iraq
77
UnitedArabEmirates
78
Thailand
79
Paraguay
4348
40
494
24
5018
80
Brazil
961026223116
9736
13
81
Mauritius
82
Korea,Oem.Rep.
83
SriLanka
3337144
835
277
84
Albania
Highhumandevelopment
9594
72
104
6688
94
62
85
Malaysia
86
Colombia
5282
22
5726505311
87
Jamaica
88
Kuwait
89
Venezuela
69
1864
135
28
81
107
90
Romania
91
Mexico
92
Cuba
93
Panama
68
41
27
6126269312
94
TrinidadandTobago
95
Portugal
109102166106496951
39
96
Singapore
97
Korea,Rep.
511710
193148
56
6
98
Poland
678173845279
70
35
99
Argentina
95
1293464
84949
7
100
Yugoslavia
5449
57
93638548
65
101
Hungary
71756810891114
68
32
102
Uruguay
102
124
601642592100
14
103
CostaRica
58255711624
10495
5
104
Bulgaria
105
USSR
106
Czechoslovakia
107
Chile
634738114
22
38102
2
108
HongKong
921134212655
8554
53
109
Greece
114123104
8039
89
54
36
110
GermanOem.Rep.
111
Israel
96
66
71151
9553148
43
112
USA
111115
8689
114
119
133120
113
Austria
9791103
90135117
91
58
114
Ireland
78106658369100
105122
115
Spain
142163155
124
5917447
85
116
Belgium
123163104120103185
148
100
117
Italy
135
154
115
14559146
106
95
118
NewZealand
119
Germany,Fed.Rep.
111119
96160100246
70125
120
Finland
910
00
13788
8580
121
UnitedKingdom
9198
77
1019692126
147
122
Denmark
100
93
106
99102208169
163
123
France
125152119121132
268105
132
124
Australia
125
Norway
97801117518362
87
100
126
Canada
12616113287
113
129
100107
127
Netherlands
111
94
97
11413983114114
128
Switzerland
129
Sweden
130
Japan
72
2423
9813674144144
Alldevelopingcountries
41
24
2287821
365
Leastdevelopedcountries
Sub-SaharanAfrica
1715
9523321
:3
Industrialcountries
100100
100
100100
100100100
World
Note:
AllfiguresareexpressedinrelationtotheNorthaverage,whichisindexedtoequal
100.
Thesmallerthefigurethebiggerthegap,thecloserthefigureisto
100
thesmaller
thegap,andafigureabove
100
indicatesthatthecountryhasovertakentheNorthaverage.Allaggregatesinthistablearemedians.Summarydataforregionalandincome
groupsaregivenintables23and24.
141
I'\Urdl-urUdrJ
YdfJ~
RuralpopulationUrbanpopulation
withaccesswith
access
Rural-urban
toservices
to
servicesdisparity
Rural
(%)(%)
(100
=
rural-
population
1985-87
1985-87
urbanparity)
(%)
1988Health
WaterSanitationHealthWaterSanitationHealthWaterSanitation
Lowhumandevelopment733738681
74
39
465315
ExcludingIndia74
231173563820
1
Niger82304999
35
30
140
2
Mali81
1034690223
3
BurkinaFaso
9148696
5143449416014
4
SierraLeone69
71068
60
1017
5
Chad69
6
Guinea76
124129
7Somalia65
1522550584430
38
11
8
Mauritania61
73
8
9
Afghanistan
7917178038521
45
10Benin60
34
208058
4334
11Burundi93
21569884
2167
12Bhutan95
19
13
Mozambique7630
912100385330
24
23
14Malawi86
50
9752
15Sudan78
4010906044
17
16
CentralAfricanRep.55
13
17Nepal91
25
701736
6
18Senegal
6238
798748
19
Ethiopia88
96996
13
20Zaire
62
1721940524340
21Rwanda
93
2548556079
77
426171
22
Angola
731516
87
29
17
55
23
Bangladesh87
3
24
24
13
24
Nigeria66
30205
751004020
25
YemenArabRep.
77
242575100833225
26
Liberia58
302350
100
60
23
27Togo
764199931
41
29
28Uganda
9057183090
3732
63
4994
29Haiti
71
70301380594288
5131
30
Ghana68
45
39
1692
93
61494226
31Yemen,PDR
583285
38
32
Cote
d'ivoire55
111061301833
33
Congo
5970
79742
72
17
34
Namibia
45
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.70
72
42
58
999093734762
36
Pakistan
6935
27
6
998351353312
37
India73
502
76
31666
38
Madagascar
76
17
8121
39
PapuaNewGuinea
85
15
35
95991635
40
Kampuchea,Dem.89
502801063
20
41
Cameroon53
3924
44
4310089
56
42Kenya
78
2161
34
43
Zambia
47100
41
34
76765445
44Morocco53
50251610010050
25
Mediumhumandevelopment68
5745339580
72
59
56
46
ExcludingChina55
77
45
Egypt52
5692
61
46
LaoPDR
82
2028
71
47
Gabon56
48
Oman9090
4925100908890
54
28
49
Bolivia
5036
131090753340
17
30
50
Myanmar76
112421
100
363311
6764
51
Honduras
5865453485
56247680142
52
Zimbabwe
74623215100
..
62
53
Lesotho
81
30146522
46
64
54
Indonesia
733638
433384115
55
Guatemala
5925
141247
72
41531929
56
Viet
Nam79
7539
100707556
57Algeria
5680
55401008580806550
58
Botswana
7885
46
28
1008493
85
5530
59
EISalvador56
40404380688250
5952
60
Tunisia
4680
311610010084803119
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
46605595
95
63
58
62
SyrianArabRep.4960
54929865
55
63
DominicanRep.41
3310854139
24
64
SaudiArabia
248888100
100100
8888
65
Philippines
59
54
564983
110
67
66
China
79
85
142
RuralpopulationUrbanpopulation
withaccesswithaccess
Rural-urban
toservices
toservices
disparity
Rural
(%)(%)
(100
=
rural-
population
1985-871985-87
urbanparity)
(%)
1988
Health
Water
Sanitation
Health
WaterSanitationHealthWaterSanitation
67LibyanArabJamahiriya3290100
90
68SouthAfrica42
69
Lebanon1885
95
89
70Mongolia49
71Nicaragua4160111610076
3560
14
46
72
Turkey53639566
73Jordan339588981009297
88
74Peru31
17
12736723
18
75
Ecuador
45
30
3129908198333830
76Iraq
277054
1197100100
72
5411
77
UnitedArabEmirates22
78Thailand7866
46567811859
79Paraguay
54388839053
89
42
15
93
80Brazil2556
1
85
8666
1
81Mauritius581001008610010010010010086
82Korea,Dem.Rep.34
..
..
83SriLanka79293982653560
84Albania65
Highhumandevelopment28
85Malaysia
59
76
6096
1007960
86Colombia
317613100
96
7614
87Jamaica4993909992
9498
88Kuwait597100
89Venezuela
11
6559357
709
90
Romania
50
91Mexico294713897753
17
92Cuba26
93
Panama466464
619510099676462
94
TrinidadandTobago
33959510010095
95
95Portugal68
96
Singapore100100
99
97Korea,Rep.31864810097901008953100
98
Poland38
99Argentina
14
21
1735806375262747
100Yugoslavia51
101Hungary41
102Uruguay
15
2759955928100
103CostaRica48638389100100
99638390
104Bulgaria
31
105USSR33
106
Czechoslovakia33
107
Chile15
71498100
72
4
108HongKong
7
109
Greece38
110
GermanDem.
Rep.22
111
Israel
9
112
USA
26
113Austria43
114
Ireland42
115
Spain23
116
Belgium3
117
Italy32
118
NewZealand16
119
Germany,
Fed.Rep.14
120
Finland34
121UnitedKingdom8
122Denmark
14
123
France26
124
Australia
15
125Norway26
126Canada24
127Netherlands12
128
Switzerland
41
129Sweden16
130
Japan
23
Alldevelopingcountries
6745
4114
887961515223
Leastdevelopedcountries8236
2315
5249
59
31
Sub-SaharanAfrica70382417
72
74
5332
Industrialcountries28
World58
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
143
..
r~rrldl~-1I1dl~ ~df.l:)
Femalesasapercentageofmales(seefootnote)
Primary
LifeLiteracyrateenrolment
SecondaryLabour
expectancyenrolmentforceParliament
1988
1970198519601986-881986-8819881988
Lowhumandevelopment
102.1
4052467153397.6
ExcludingIndia
104.2
36
54
407052437.0
1
Niger
107.5
33
4743
5489
2
Mali
107.53648435944
20
3.7
3
BurkinaFaso
107.1
232942595087
4
SierraLeone
108.044
55
71
4849
5
Chad
107.21028144020
27
6
Guinea
107.8
33
43
36
44
3167
7
Somalia
107.32033100643.9
8
Mauritania
107.323693928
9
Afghanistan
102.4152113
52509
10
Benin
107.23543395139914.0
11
Burundi
107.0
34
60
33
745091
12
Bhutan
97.1
65
2948
13
Mozambique
107.248406078579216.0
14
Malawi
102.94360
8160
72
8.9
15
Sudan
104.921
42406974270.6
16
CentralAfricanRep.
107.22355236235
86
17
Nepal
97.613
31
54531515.7
18
Senegal
107.32851
69
53
66
11.7
19
Ethiopia
107.9
27
61
6761
20
Zaire
106.7365736814456
35
21
Rwanda
107.0495496719212.9
22
Angola
107.444
67
..
6415.4
23
Bangladesh
98.63351398446
8
91
24
Nigeria
107.0
40575954
25
YemenArabRep.
105.9111728
13150.0
26
Liberia
105.6
30
494061
446.2
27
Togo
106.92653386333
585.2
28
Uganda
106.7
58
64
835671
29
Haiti
106.265888487
89
73
30
Ghana
106.8426748816567
31
Yemen,PDR
106.02942253642139.0
32
Cote
d'ivoire
106.738583546
525.7
33
Congo
107.1
38
77
51
649.8
34
Namibia
104.5
31
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
106.6
389555996093
36
Pakistan
100.03748285542148.8
37
India
100.3
435150
72
5434
7.9
38
Madagascar
105.7
77
84
789583661.5
39
PapuaNewGuinea
103.0626412
8556
64
0.0
40
Kampuchea,Oem.
106.2764464
41
Cameroon
108.140664984635114.1
42
Kenya
107.0437047
95
7067
1.7
43
Zambia
104.056806790402.9
44
Morocco
105.72949406670260.0
Mediumhumandevelopment
105.26974
77
90816215.1
ExcludingChina
106.3
82
92
94
457.4
45
Egypt
104.5405165
7973113.9
46
LaoPDR
106.3768347837081
47
Gabon
106.65176
61
13.3
48
Oman
104.926
89639
49
Bolivia
109.068
77
64
8888343.1
50
Myanmar
106.0
67
8560
51
Honduras
106.7919599104225.2
52
Zimbabwe
106.475
83
97
865490
53
Lesotho
117.415113516212514478
54
Indonesia
105.16478
679645
11.4
55
Guatemala
107.97375
788519
7.0
56
VietNam
107.4
91
88938817.7
57
Algeria
105.22859678375
10
2.3
58
Botswana
110.811995
137
105106
5551
59
EISalvador
114.387
92
105111
33
3.3
60
Tunisia
102.439
604985
74
315.6
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
102.04363488668211.5
62
SyrianArabRep.
106.03357449070209.2
63
DominicanRep.
106.69499
99
10417
5.0
64
SaudiArabia
105.6
13
44
83678
65
Philippines
106.0969995102
100
46
7.8
66
China
104.3
6889
74
76
21.2
144
Femalesasapercentageofmales(seefootnote)
Primary
Life
LiteracyrateenrolmentSecondary
Labour
expectancyenrolment
forceParliament
198819701985
1960
1986-881986-88
19881988
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya105.7
22622610
68
SouthAfrica110.3
90
552.8
69Lebanon
106.0
738094
9098
37
0.0
70Mongolia106.78595
99
103
1098324.8
71Nicaragua104.3
98102
11120033
13.5
72
Turkey105.449
72
64936051
1.3
73Jordan
105.7
45
72
63101
98
11
0.0
74Peru106.4748675
96
90325.5
75
Ecuador106.6
9194
9198104241.4
76Iraq103.23697388763
27
13.2
77
UnitedArabEmirates106.3291021207
0.0
78
Thailand106.584
94
90823.4
79
Paraguay106.6
88938695100261.6
80
Brazil108.5
919696128
385.3
81
Mauritius107.7
77
87
90102
94355.7
82
Korea,Dem.Rep.
109.7
8521.1
83
SriLanka106.18191
90
97110374.7
84Albania107.3
8499897028.8
Highhumandevelopment
110.1
9797
99
991036614.8
85Malaysia106.1688177100100545.1
86Colombia107.3
96
10010010310228
87Jamaica107.5
101
101
1021088411.6
88Kuwait106.0
6583789792
17
89Venezuela109.29097100100
123
383.9
90
Romania108.195
94
101
8634.4
91Mexico110.0
88
9694
97
98
3710.7
92Cuba105.0
101100100931084633.9
93Panama105.610099969511337
5.9
94TrinidadandTobago107.594
9898
1011064316.6
95
Portugal109.7
83909894119587.6
96Singapore107.96085939610448
3.8
97Korea,Rep.109.4
869290
100
95
512.9
98Poland111.8999710010584
20.2
99
Argentina110.09899
101100113
394.7
100Yugoslavia108.4
83
899699966317.7
101Hungary111.21009710010181
20.9
102Uruguay109.9100
1009845
0.0
103CostaRica106.499999897108
2812.2
104Bulgaria108.3
959898
1018621.0
105USSR114.1
9910093
34.5
106Czechoslovakia110.9100101181
8729.5
107Chile110.3
98
99969810639
108HongKong107.87185859910751
109
Greece105.9
82
91971009036
4.3
110GermanDem.
Rep.
108.2
1029896
84
32.2
111Israel104.989
9698
103
110518.3
112
USA109.910099101
715.3
113Austria110.1
9899
10467
10.9
114Ireland107.6105
100
11141
8.4
115Spain
108.2
9495109100110
32
6.4
116Belgium109.2100
97
10110151
8.5
117Italy109.298989747
12.8
118
NewZealand108.4
969910253
14.4
119Germany,Fed.Rep.109.0100
966015.4
120Finland
110.8
959911688
31.5
121UnitedKingdom108.0
100
101104
636.3
122Denmark
108.0
100101101
8029.0
123France111.2
999999
108666.4
124Australia109.110099103
616.1
125Norway109.1100100
10569
34.4
126Canada
109.4
9798100
66
9.9
127Netherlands109.0
99
102
9845
128Switzerland108.9
100
5814.0
129
Sweden
107.9
1011028030.9
130Japan107.61009910010261
1.4
Alldevelopingcountries104.254676183
715111.8
Leastdevelopedcountries104.03751
44
72
53467.6
Sub-SaharanAfrica107.2
42
61
52
77
58626.3
IndustriaIcountries110.498
99
100
1047116.0
World
105.769
748677
56
12.9
Note:Allfiguresareexpressedinrelationtothemaleaverage,whichisindexedtoequal100.Thesmallerthefigure,thebiggerthegap;thecloserthefigureisto100,thesmaller
thegap;andafigureabove100indicatesthatthefemaleaverageishigherthanthemale.Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
145
-
--
...
-
----
_.
----
--
-
_.-.--
-
--_.-
MothersUnder-
Births
Low
Infantbreast-Childmalnutrition1980-88
five
attended
birth-
mortalityfeedingOne-year
mortality
byhealthweightrateatoneolds%of%of%of
rate
personnelbabies
(per1,000
year
immunisedunder-
12-2324-59
(per1,000
(%)(%)
livebirths)
(%)
(%)fivesmonthsmonths
livebirths)
1983-881982-8819881980-871987underweightwastedstunted
1988
Lowhumandevelopment30251077255
42
16
44170
ExcludingIndia2720
1144943186
1
Niger47151341524492338
228
2Mali2717
1688231311634292
3BurkinaFaso
301379746233
4SierraLeone251715383
40
232646
266
5
Chad
241113121223
6
Guinea25146
40
23
248
7Somalia
213128
221
8Mauritania
20111266745
31220
9
Afghanistan820
171
27
300
10Benin
45
8
109763514
185
11Burundi
21
9
1119054381060188
12Bhutan
712767197
13Mozambique282017242
298
14Malawi4520
149968324
8
61262
15
Sudan20107725813
181
16
CentralAfricanRep.661513133
223
17Nepal6127
827170197
18Senegal
501180825722828136
19
Ethiopia
141539518381943259
20Zaire
1383864628
11
40
138
21Rwanda
221712174822823
45206
22Angola
151717228292
23Bangladesh
528
118
821860
17
59
188
24Nigeria4020
104
60
6221174
25YemenArabRep.
121152932611769
190
26
Liberia
87
86
704320738147
27Togo
152093907325
153
28
Uganda45
10220527
3
32169
29Haiti
401711688503717
51171
30
Ghana40
17
89
7242272831146
31Yemen,PDR
1013118553726
8
36197
32
Coted'ivoire2014957837
12
4
10142
33
Congo12
729576241333114
34Namibia
10582
176
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
6014
10570864817
176
36
Pakistan
24
25
1087065521742166
37India
33309863
41149
38
Madagascar6210
1198544331841184
39
PapuaNewGuinea3425
5755355881
40
Kampuchea,Dem.4712747
199
41Cameroon
1393
77
5217243
153
42Kenya2815
7167741042113
43Zambia
1479938412
41127
44Morocco
29
80
766516
6
34
119
Mediumhumandevelopment
61
9
51608132104372
ExcludingChina1266
7094
45
Egypt
47
5
83818517334
125
46
LaoPDR39
1099320372044159
47Gabon
92
102
76
169
48
Oman606
40209064
49
Bolivia36
12109
38
15146172
50
Myanmar571669
2438177595
51Honduras
502068
24
76
21
2
34107
52Zimbabwe
691571848112129
113
53Lesotho
40
11
99
81723
136
54Indonesia
31148483
7151
17
119
55
Guatemala
341058
74
4934368
99
56
VietNam99
18635852126088
57Algeria
15
9
7371
107
58
Botswana
77
866
73
90
15195192
59
EISalvador
35155855
63
54
84
60
Tunisia
687587188
21
345
83
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
825
61
81
43
2355
90
62
SyrianArabRep.
374741
63
64
63
DominicanRep.57166470
13
3
2681
64SaudiArabia
746705288
98
65
Philippines5718
44
5382
33
7
4273
66
China
53196
43
146
Mothers
Under-
BirthsLowInfantbreast-Childmalnutrition1980-88
five
attended
birth-
mortalityfeedingOne-year
mortality
byhealthweightrateatone
olds
%of
%of%ofrate
personnelbabies(per1,000
year
immunised
under-
12-2324-59
(per1,000
(%)
(%)
livebirths)
(%)(%)
fivesmonths
monthslivebirths)
1983-881982-88
1988
1980-87
1987
underweightwastedstunted
1988
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya76
8062
119
68
SouthAfrica
1271
95
69
Lebanon
3915
8816
51
70Mongolia99104467
59
71Nicaragua41156171701122
95
72
Turkey788745171
93
73
Jordan8354350
71
57
74
Peru
44
9
8737
6613343123
75
Ecuador271062
486217439
87
76Iraq
56968
84
94
77
UnitedArabEmirates9672573
32
78
Thailand4012
3868
792610
28
49
79
Paraguay22742
4965
62
80
Brazil
95
8623468132
31
85
81Mauritius85922
40
84
24
16
22
29
82
Korea,Oem.Rep.652459
33
83
SriLanka
87
2832
81
7938
19
34
43
84Albania72895
34
Highhumandevelopment9482076
27
85Malaysia
82
1024741233
32
86Colombia
51
15
463685121
27
68
87Jamaica
898
184382
95
9
22
88Kuwait99
7
19125162
14
22
89Venezuela829363062
103
7
44
90Romania1006229328
91
Mexico9415463674
68
92Cuba81593118
93
Panama89823537916724
34
94TrinidadandTobago
98
2014787
5
4
23
95Portugal
87
5
14778
17
96Singapore100699514
12
97
Korea,Rep.706
24
27
8933
98Poland100816
97
18
99Argentina321468
37
100Yugoslavia
86
72590
28
101Hungary9910
17
9919
102Uruguay
97827
8416
31
103CostaRica93
10
18
22
89638
22
104Bulgaria10061599
20
105USSR
98
62583
32
106Czechoslovakia1006
12
99
15
107Chile
98
71917963
10
26
108HongKong92
5
8
91
10
109Greece9761386
18
110
German
Oem.Rep.996897
12
111
Israel1007
11
90
14
112USA99
71048
13
113
Austria6883
10
114Ireland4
7
70
9
115Spain961978
12
116
Belgium100510
83
13
117
Italy10071059
11
118NewZealand995
10
59
12
119
Germany,
Fed.Rep.1006
8
68
10
120
Finland
1004
689
7
121
UnitedKingdom1007
9
82
11
122Denmark100689011
123
France
99
5
8
83
10
124
Australia9969
10
68
10
125
Norway
1004
8
84
10
126Canada996
785
8
127
Netherlands100896
8
128Switzerland995
7
888
129Sweden
1004676
7
130Japan
100
5
5
84
8
All
developingcountries42
17
7964
68381342121
Leastdevelopedcountries2321
12475
37
461654205
Sub-SaharanAfrica
3616
110
7152
29
16
38183
Industrialcountries99
6
1575
18
World
51
15
71
69108
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
147
I
l~a".11
t'l
u
III~
PopulationMaternal
Private
withaccessmortality
ThousandsofpeopleHealth
expenditure
tohealthrate
Nursesexpenditure
onhealth
services{per100,000
PerPer
per
(%
ofGNP)
percapita
(%)
livebirths)
doctornursedoctor(PPP$)
1985-871980-87
19841984198419601986
1985
Lowhumandevelopment47
4608.82.64.30.60.8
4.2
ExcludingIndia57016.83.97.9
0.70.77.5
1Niger
4142038.80.586.20.20.8
2Mali1525.41.4
18.81.00.7
0.1
3
Burkina
Faso4981057.2
1.7
34.00.60.9
4
SierraLeone45013.61.112.5
0.7
5
Chad
3086038.43.411.3
0.50.6
6
Guinea3257.4
6.49.01.01.0
7Somalia
27
1,10016.11.510.5
0.60.2
8
Mauritania
30
12.1
1.210.1
0.5
1.9
9
Afghanistan29690
10Benin1815.91.8
9.1
1.5
0.8
11Burundi6121.1
3.06.90.80.7
12Bhutan65
1,710
23.33.07.8
13
Mozambique
39
38.05.8
6.61.8
14Malawi8011.6
3.13.7
0.22.40.7
15Sudan
5166010.11.38.11.00.2
16CentralAfrican
Rep.45600
23.1
2.210.61.31.2
17Nepal83032.74.7
7.00.20.9
18Senegal4060013.5
2.16.41.51.1
0.6
19Ethiopia4677.45.3
14.60.71.02.2
20Zaire
26
0.8
21Rwanda
27
210
34.73.79.50.50.6
22
Angola30
..
..
..
1.0
23Bangladesh
45
600
6.79.00.70.6
24
Nigeria408008.01.0
7.80.30.43.2
25YemenArab
Rep.356.32.72.31.1
26
Liberia399.2
1.46.80.81.5
27
Togo618.71.2
7.01.3
1.6
28Uganda
6130021.92.1
10.60.70.2
29Haiti70230
7.22.33.11.00.9
30
Ghana601,00014.90.6
23.3
1.1
0.3
31
Yemen,PDR
30
4.3
1.1
4.12.0
32
Coted'ivoire
30
1.5
1.1
1.2
33
Congo
83
1,000
8.1
0.614.31.62.0
34Namibia
35
Tanzania,United
Rep.
76
340
0.51.21.4
36Pakistan
55500
2.94.9
0.60.30.2
20.0
37India3402.51.71.5
0.50.92.6
38
Madagascar5624010.0
1.41.8
0.4
39
PapuaNewGuinea9006.20.96.9
3.3
40
Kampuchea,Oem.53
41Cameroon41300
1.00.7
5.3
42Kenya
17010.1
1.010.61.51.1
3.3
43
Zambia75150
7.10.7
9.61.0
2.12.7
44Morocco70300
15.6
0.917.01.01.0
2.6
Mediumhumandevelopment751302.31.51.90.81.5
11.8
ExcludingChina2103.9
1.13.6
0.71.5
45Egypt3200.80.81.0
0.6
1.0
46
LaoPDR671.4
0.52.60.5
47
Gabon
90
2.8
0.310.3
0.5
2.0
48Oman
911.70.8
2.23.3
49
Bolivia634801.5
2.50.60.40.416.0
50
Myanmar
331403.7
0.94.20.71.0
51Honduras
73
501.50.72.3
1.0
2.6
17.0
52
Zimbabwe714806.71.06.7
1.2
2.33.9
53
Lesotho
80
18.6
1.0
1.6
54Indonesia80
450
9.5
1.3
7.5
0.30.72.9
55
Guatemala
34110
2.20.92.6
0.6
0.7
53.0
56
VietNam80140
1.0
0.61.6
57
Algeria88140
2.3
0.37.11.22.2
58
Botswana89
250
6.90.79.9
1.52.9
9.1
59
EISalvador56702.80.93.0
0.91.014.0
60
Tunisia903102.20.45.8
1.62.76.7
61
Iran,IslamicRep.78
2.7
1.1
2.6
0.8
1.8
62
SyrianArabRep.76280
1.3
1.4
0.9
0.4
0.8
63
Dominican
Rep.80
74
1.81.21.5
1.3
1.4
25.0
64
SaudiArabia970.70.32.2
0.64.0
65
Philippines93
6.72.72.4
0.40.728.0
66
China
44
1.0
1.7
0.6
1.3
1.4
148
PopulationMaternal
Private
withaccessmortalityThousandsofpeople
Health
expenditure
tohealthrateNurses
expenditure
onhealth
services(per100,000Per
Per
per
(%
ofGNP)
percapita
(%)
livebirths)
doctornursedoctor(PPP$)
1985-87
1980-87198419841984
19601986
1985"
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya800.7
0.4
2.0
1.3
3.0
68
SouthAfrica
83
0.5
0.6
69Lebanon
70Mongolia100
1.3
71Nicaragua8347
1.5
0.5
2.8
0.46.6
72
Turkey210
1.4
1.0
1.3
0.8
0.5
73
Jordan97
1.1
1.3
0.90.6
1.9
74Peru
75
88
1.0
1.1
1.0
11.0
75
Ecuador
621900.80.6
1.3
0.4
1.115.0
76
Iraq
93
50
1.7
1.71.01.00.8
77
UnitedArabEmirates
90
1.0
0.4
2.6
1.0
78Thailand
70
6.3
0.78.9
0.4
1.3
79Paraguay
61380
1.51.01.5
0.50.4
3.9
80
Brazil120
1.1
1.2
0.90.6
1.3
14.0
81Mauritius100100
1.9
0.63.3
1.5
1.8
82Korea,Dem.Rep.
41
0.51.0
83SriLanka9360
5.5
1.3
4.32.0
1.3
6.6
84Albania
2.3
Highhumandevelopment
370.60.33.62.24.6
82.5
85Malaysia59
1.9
1.01.91.11.8
86Colombia
60110
1.2
0.61.90.40.8
23.0
87Jamaica901102.1
0.5
4.2
2.0
2.8
88Kuwait10060.6
0.2
3.2
2.9
89
Venezuela
590.72.62.724.0
90
Romania1500.60.32.0
2.0
1.9
91Mexico82
1.2
0.9
1.4
1.91.7
92Cuba
34
3.03.2
93Panama80571.0
0.42.5
3.0
5.4
22.0
94TrinidadandTobago
99541.00.33.7
1.73.0
95
Portugal
12
0.4
0.85.743.0
96Singapore
100
5
1.3
1.01.2
97
Korea,Rep.9326
1.2
0.62.0
0.20.3
98
Poland
11
0.5
0.22.6
3.5
4.045.0
99
Argentina
7169
0.41.00.4
1.3
1.66.9
100Yugoslavia
220.6
0.3
2.1
3.2
4.3
55.0
101Hungary26
0.3
0.21.82.6
3.2
79.0
102Uruguay
82380.5
2.62.7
22.0
103CostaRica8036
1.00.5
2.1
3.0
5.421.0
104Bulgaria13
2.03.2
105
USSR
48
3.5
3.2
106
Czechoslovakia
10
2.9
4.2
107
Chile
97471.2
0.43.3
2.02.1
20.0
108Hong
Kong5
1.1
0.2
4.5
48.0
109
Greece9
0.4
0.5
0.8
1.7
3.5
34.0
110German
Dem.Rep.16
2.22.6
111Israel5
0.4
0.13.2
1.0
2.1
83.0
112
USA80.50.16.7
1.3
4.5
100.0
113Austria7
0.4
0.22.22.95.3118.0
114Ireland
120.70.14.9
3.07.861.0
115
Spain11
0.3
0.3
1.2
2.0
4.3
52.0
116Belgium90.3
0.1
3.0
2.75.690.0
117Italy
10
0.2
3.2
4.5
51.0
118NewZealand60.6
0.1732.75.6
119Germany,
Fed.Rep.
11
0.40.21.7
3.16.388.0
120
Finland
6
0.4
0.1
7.3
2.36.0
120.0
121UnitedKingdom90.1
3.45.3
84.0
122
Denmark
4
0.4
0.16.73.2
5.3
89.0
123
France140.30.12.9
2.56.6115.0
124Australia8
0.4
0.14.0
2.5
5.1
125Norway20.50.1
7.5
2.8
5.5
160.0
126
Canada3
0.5
0.1
4.32.4
6.699.0
127Netherlands5
0.5
0.2
2.6
1.3
7.5122.0
128Switzerland5
0.7
0.1
5.4
2.5
6.8
129
Sweden5
0.4
0.1
3.9
3.4
8.0
130
Japan16
0.7
0.23.71.3
4.9
119.0
Alldevelopingcountries
612904.8
1.9
2.8
0.9
1.4
7.1
Leastdevelopedcountries46520
23.3
4.78.4
0.70.9
Sub-SaharanAfrica45530
24.6
2.2
12.4
0.70.8
2.6
Industrialcountries
24
0.5
0.1
4.2
2.24.790.9
World
2504.0
1.6
3.1
2.04.233.0
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
149
IIa
ruuu
3C\.UIIl.y
Foodproduction
DailycalorieFoodimportFoodaidincereals
percapitaindexsupply
dependencyratio
(1,000metrictons)
(1979-81
=
100)
percapita
1985-8719861979-81
1984-861981-821987-88
Lowhumandevelopment105
2,1906.97.74,630T
6,390T
ExcludingIndia
972,130
12.2
12.9
1Niger98
2,430
7.312.6
71.418.9
2Mali
1082,070
7.116.266.425.9
3
Burkina
Faso121
2,1406.69.7
80.938.2
4
SierraLeone89
1,86018.6
15.328.957.9
5
Chad
105
1,720
2.37.5
28.614.5
6
Guinea90
1)80
11.914.4
38.626.2
7Somalia98
2,14033.626.4
185.9152.4
8Mauritania
91
2,32053.063.386.451.4
9
Afghanistan
81.8
104.0
10Benin
1122,1806.76.8
8.311.3
11
Burundi
1022,340
2.12.49.04.3
12Bhutan
118
1.12.1
13Mozambique
84
1,600148.5339.6
14Malawi83
2,3103.31.82.0108.8
15Sudan
1002,2109.6
12.1194.1604.2
16CentralAfrican
Rep.83
1,9502.84.9
2.0
6.4
17Nepal
1022,0501.7
3.123.220.5
18
Senegal
103
2,35034.8
31.8
82.7
109.0
19Ethiopia
94
1)50
189.7825.3
20Zaire
94
2,1605.64.597.5176.5
21Rwanda
751,8301.64.012.6
7.8
22
Angola
85
74.5102.9
23
Bangladesh88
1,9309.516.91,005.51,394.6
24
Nigeria
962,15015.0
9.11.4
25
YemenArab
Rep.
1052,32039.760.212.9
159.7
26Liberia
93
2,38025.223.442.455.7
27Togo
872,21010.9
14.54.616.3
28Uganda
82
2,3402.21.048.529.3
29Haiti
89
1,90019.720.989.9153.5
30
Ghana
108
1,7608.8
5.343.1109.6
31
Yemen,PDR86
2,30062.471.4
25.331.2
32
Cote
d'ivoire
942,560
18.3
18.10.90.9
33
Congo
942,62019.6
29.10.40.7
34Namibia
35
Tanzania,United
Rep.86
2,190
4.74.9307.571.5
36
Pakistan104
2,32010.2
11.9347.4657.4
37India
112
2,2402.73.4337.6223.0
38
Madagascar
91
2,440
8.67.0
87.175.8
39
PapuaNewGuinea
97
2,21025.319.7
40
Kampuchea,
Dem.
141
49.96.2
41
Cameroon95
2,0307.610.0
10.52.3
42
Kenya
902,060
10.212.8127.2118.8
43
Zambia
92
22.114.1
100.0140.4
44Morocco
122
2,92038.230.8
477.5
339.6
Mediumhumandevelopment118
2,6508.87.73,190T
5,790
T
ExcludingChina
1082,68015.0
14.4
45Egypt
1203,34040.646.9
1,956.61,737.8
46
LaoPDR
1102,3901.321.4
47Gabon
82
2,52021.931.9
48
Oman
49
Bolivia95
2,14020.914.944.2
290.4
50
Myanmar
1242,6100.90.6
5.0
51Honduras
87
2,07014.812.033.8
145.6
52
Zimbabwe
972,1304.2
7.613.9
53Lesotho
86
2,30046.959.2
34.255.3
54
Indonesia
119
2,5808.43.9106.6319.1
55
Guatemala
96
2,31011.210.310.6320.1
56
VietNam
1142,3009.6
3.643.865.0
57
Algeria95
2,72064.5
69.15.4
3.8
58
Botswana
75
2,20065.879.56.552.8
59
EISalvador
882,160
129.1
177.3
60
Tunisia
902,990
42.841.696.0
393.1
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
893,310
62
SyrianArabRep.95
3,26022.635.29.326.3
63
Dominican
Rep.
91
2,480
31.230.057.1278.1
64SaudiArabia
2363,000
89.778.4
65
Philippines
88
2,3707.68.554.5470.9
66
China
1272,6304.0
2.478.4347.1
150
FoodproductionDailycalorie
FoodimportFoodaidincereals
percapitaindexsupply
dependencyratio
(1,000metrictons)
(1979-81
=
100)
percapita
1985-8719861979-81
1984-86
1981-821987-88
67LibyanArabJamahiriya90
3,60069.778.2
68
SouthAfrica88
2,9204.715.8
..
69
Lebanon
..
9.0
58.3
70Mongolia95
..
27.4
2.6
..
71Nicaragua
652,500
103.6
86.6
72
Turkey
98
3,2301.95.20.30.6
73Jordan
1172,99091.0
97.3
72.528.8
74
Peru
103
2,25030.127.676.2
355.4
75
Ecuador
922,060
15.116.18.332.6
76
Iraq
1022,930
77
UnitedArabEmirates
3,730
114.7
98.0
78
Thailand
1042,3303.52.52.3
97.2
79
Paraguay
1172,8503.5
2.3
1.11.9
80
Brazil
1112,6609.5
8.2
3.0
20.7
81
Mauritius99
2,750
76.063.642.531.5
82
Korea,Oem.Rep.
109
..
7.13.5
..
83SriLanka88
2,40026.327.5
202.5360.5
84Albania
95
4.54.4
Highhumandevelopment
100
3,28024.422.9
85Malaysia
138
2,730
42.0
48.5
86Colombia
1012,54012.214.0
2.6
89.9
87Jamaica982,59057.363.5
82.8208.2
88Kuwait
3,020110.9103.9
89Venezuela
922,49049.344.0
90
Romania
1103,37010.64.3
91Mexico93
3,13018.014.8
32.1
92Cuba
105
..
49.5
47.2
93Panama93
2,45025.625.7
3.10.1
94TrinidadandTobago713,080
82.692.0
95
Portugal102
3,15058.954.9
96Singapore
83
2,840157.4179.5
97
Korea,Rep.100
2,91044.246.9429.2
98
Poland
1023,34014.7
6.4
417.40.7
99Argentina96
3,2101.10.5
100Yugoslavia98
3,5608.54.9
101Hungary
1063,570
6.52.2
102Uruguay102
2,65014.811.3
103
CostaRica
862,800
25.418.045.2235.1
104Bulgaria
10211.915.4
105
USSR109
15.816.5
106
Czechoslovakia
122
19.69.8
107Chile
1082,58035.218.018.313.9
108
Hong
Kong
542,860
105.7120.3
109
Greece
1003,69017.415.9
110German
Oem.Rep.117
..
12.512.4
..
111Israel
1003,06071.1
71.9
0.2
2.1
112
USA
85
3,650
5.14.3
113Austria
1043,430
12.9
12.1
114
Ireland
983,630
21.821.1
115
Spain
1103,36024.216.5
116Belgium116
128.9119.8
117Italy983,520
29.527.8
118
NewZealand
1113,46025.424.1
119Germany,
Fed.Rep.
112
3,530
35.234.3
120Finland
993,120
21.9
13.5
121
UnitedKingdom1053,260
37.331.7
122Denmark
1193,63015.715.3
123
France
100
3,34015.814.3
124Australia
97
3,3304.05.5
125
Norway
109
3,22049.439.4
126
Canada93
3,46015.512.6
127Netherlands
111
3,330114.5112.0
128Switzerland
1083,440
50.147.1
129
Sweden
923,060
19.419.8
130
Japan
98
2,86055.554.5
Alldevelopingcountries
1112,4809.69.28,410T12,770T
Leastdevelopedcountries96
2,070
9.112.82,800T
4,410T
Sub-SaharanAfrica93
2,160
11.110.82,070T2,850T
Industrialcountries
1013,39023.121.4
World
109
2,65012.912.2
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
151
CUU\.CllIUII
1-11
U
111'==
Grossprimary
NetprimaryGrosssecondary
Gross
tertiary
enrolmentenrolmentenrolmentenrolment
Tele-
ratioratioratio
ratio
Radiosvisions
(per1,000(per1,000
MaleFemale
MaleFemaleMaleFemale
MaleFemalepeople)people)
1986-88
1986-88
1986-881986-88
1986-881986-88
1986-881986-881986-871986-87
Lowhumandevelopment
9267553837209.33.892
8
ExcludingIndia70
5123124.81.710810
1Niger
37201.0
0.2
62
3
2Mali291723
14941.40.237
0
3
Burkina
Faso41243420
8
41.00.324
5
4
SierraLeone68482311216
8
5
Chad73295223
10
20.80.1
237
1
6
Guinea
411831151341.90.2332
7Somalia
19
105.01.1380
8
Mauritania
61
4223
96.00.9139
1
9
Afghanistan27141051028
10
Benin
8443
6634
2394.40.8754
11Burundi6850463763
1.2
0.4560
12Bhutan
31
20720.30.115
13
Mozambique765949
4174
0.3
0.138
14Malawi73595047530.90.3197
15
Sudan59
412317
2.51.522952
16CentralAfricanRep.82515939
17
6602
17Nepal10447
763535117.61.831
1
18
Senegal
71
49
59
41
19
104.6
1.2
103
32
19Ethiopia4628322218121.60.3193
2
20Zaire
84
68
32
14
981
21Rwanda69666563
7
50.6
0.154
22Angola
..
..
..
.
.
49
5
23
Bangladesh7664
674424
11
7.81.9403
24Nigeria
163
6
25YemenArab
Rep.141
40
46634
8
26
Liberia82504.01.2224
18
27Togo1247887
5936121785
28
Uganda766343
381691.20.496
6
29Haiti8372
45
42
1917
1.60.8
41
4
30
Ghana78
6349322.40.6292
13
31
Yemen,PDR
96
3526
11154
21
32
Coted'ivoire
26123.91.013154
33
Congo
12.3
2.2
1203
34Namibia123
11
35
Tanzania,United
Rep.6766505153
0.4
0.116
1
36
Pakistan512826116.83.1
8614
37India113
81502712.35.2
77
7
38
Madagascar979289
23194.53.0193
6
39
PapuaNewGuinea75
6416
92.81.1
64
2
40
Kampuchea,Dem.4520106
8
41Cameroon119100322012512
42Kenya98
9327191.90.7
906
43Zambia102
922.30.67315
44
Morocco855668464330
13.26.5
206
56
Mediumhumandevelopment12711498
91
5141
6.9
4.4197
48
ExcludingChina
11110395
90
5346
16.411.321385
45Egypt
1007979
5825.5
14.0310
83
46LaoPDR
102
85
23
16
2.11.21232
47
Gabon7.62.8119
23
48Oman
1039283
77
46293.0
1.2
649739
49
Bolivia978588784035527
77
50
Myanmar791
51Honduras
10410811.77.2376
67
52Zimbabwe130
1261001004942
4.72.88522
53
Lesotho
102127
18261.42.2681
54Indonesia
12011599
978.84.2145
40
55
Guatemala82
70
65
37
56
VietNam
1079444
41
9934
57
Algeria105
8797
8161
46
22770
58
Botswana
111117859331331307
59
EISalvador
77
8161
62
2730
20.8
14.8401
82
60
Tunisia
126107100
89
4634
7.04.4
171
68
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
122105
9889
57397.12.723653
62
SyrianArabRep.
115104100
94
694822.213.1
231
58
63
Dominican
Rep.99
103
807816479
64
SaudiArabia78656448523515.011.4272
268
65Philippines
10510794946666
35.540.3
135
36
66
China
14012499
91
50
37
2.3
1.1
184
17
152
GrossprimaryNetprimary
GrosssecondaryGrosstertiary
enrolmentenrolment
enrolmentenrolmentTele-
ratio
ratioratio
ratio
Radios
visions
(per1,000(per1,000
MaleFemaleMaleFemaleMale
Female
Male
Femalepeople)
people)
1986-881986-881986-881986-881986-881986-88
1986-88
1986-88
1986-87
1986-87
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
15.25.5
221
63
68
SouthAfrica
319
97
69
Lebanon10595
57
5635.520.2
772
302
70Mongolia
100103889617.426.0
128
31
71
Nicaragua
94104
747929587.69.2237
60
72
Turkey121
113573413.47.1
160
172
73
Jordan
9899888880
78237
69
74
Peru
1251206861
241
84
75
Ecuador118
116
555734.823.729281
76
Iraq
105
91
91
8260
3814.8
10.119964
77
UnitedArabEmirates98
100
88895566
4.916.3
319
106
78
Thailand
174
103
79
Paraguay1049986
843030
165
24
80
Brazil
3241
368
191
81
Mauritius105
107
9395
53501.60.9263188
82
Korea,Dem.
Rep.
..
49.022.9
110
12
83
SriLanka
10510210010063694.73.2
187
31
84
Albania1009980
717.58.1167
83
Highhumandevelopment
106
106
9696
8183
30.230.9910413
85Malaysia
102
102
59
597.66.1
436140
86Colombia112
115
72745556
14.313.4
167
108
87
Jamaica
10410662674.43.5
400
108
88Kuwait
95
92
81
7786
7913.221.1
327
261
89Venezuela
107107485927.5
25.5395142
90
Romania
798012.2
10.4288166
91
Mexico119
11654
5319.312.1
241
120
92
Cuba
107100959485
92
19.4
26.0
334193
93Panama
1091049089566321.730.2
220163
94TrinidadandTobago99
10087
88
80854.73.6
457
290
95Portugal
131123475612.114.1
212
159
96Singapore118113100100
7073
13.3
10.3
306
97Korea,Rep.of
104104100999186986194
98Poland101
101
9999
788215.320.4289
263
99Argentina
110110697835.941.5659217
100Yugoslavia95
948279
19.118.0344175
101Hungary
97
97949669
7013.816.7586
402
102Uruguay
11110920.9
26.6
594173
103
CostaRica100
97
8585
4043258
79
104Bulgaria
105103
75
7619.6
25.8357
189
105
USSR
19.925.4685314
106Czechoslovakia9596
274918.214.0577
281
107Chile103
101
..
727619.6
16.0
335163
108Hong
Kong106
105
9595
717616.89.3
633
241
109Greece106
106
9192898025.926.5411175
110German
Dem.Rep.
1071059291797629.934.2663
754
111Israel
9497
798735.732.9
470264
112
USA
1011009797989955.563.72,119
811
113Austria
102
101788131.327.4561480
114Ireland100100
91101
27.0
21.4
580
115
Spain
113113989897
107
29.630.3295
368
116Belgium99
100
8283
99100
33.8
31.6465
320
117Italy
97
98
25.423.2786
118NewZealand107106100100
84
8637.1
35.6
923
369
119Germany,Fed.Rep.
101101969234.225.6954
385
120Finland
102
101
98
11436.738.5
991
121UnitedKingdom
1051069797828523.320.1
1,145
434
122
Denmark9899
10610729.130.2956
386
123France
114113100100899629.732.0893
124Australia
106
105
9798969928.8
28.81,270
483
125Norway95
95979792
97
34.136.7790348
126Canada
106
10497
97
104104
53.163.5
953577
127
Netherlands
1141168588
105
10335.726.8908
469
128
Switzerland
31.715.4
834405
129Sweden
909228.8
33.7875
39
130
Japan
102
102100
10095
97
35.0
21.4863587
Alldevelopingcountries
110
92
87
7945338.9
5.117240
Leastdevelopedcountries6950
5338
19
9
3.9
1.0856
Sub-SaharanAfrica75
61
48
37
21132.10.7
13914
Industrialcountries103
103979790
9332.033.31,013477
World
109
93
8982
514015.1
12.7
369
134
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
153
.............
'-
.........
....,
..
....
..,
..........
.
'-~..,
Dropoutrate
CombinedSecondaryPrimary
(%
ofgrade1primarytechnicaleducation
enrolment
Primaryand
enrolmentEducationexpenditureEducated
notcompletingpupiltosecondary
(as
%
oftotalexpenditure(as
%
oftotalunemployed
primary
teacher
enrolmentsecondary
(as
%
ofGNP)
education
(as
%
oftotaI
school)
ratioratio
enrolment)expenditure)unemployed)
1985-871985-88
1986-881986-88196019861985-881982-87
Lowhumandevelopment504568
3.0
2.13.243.2
ExcludingIndia
44
43
4.71.8
3.143.0
1
Niger2538
171.30.54.036.8
2
Mali
6138
15
9.12.03.2
48.4
3Burkina
Faso
2668
196.61.52.5
38.1
4SierraLeone
34
381.63.0
5
Chad83
71297.00.92.0
82.9
6
Guinea30
40196.71.53.0
30.8
7Somalia
6720
14
16.1
0.9
6.0
8
Mauritania850
365.3
2.16.030.0
9
Afghanistan
373717
9.1
43.2
10Benin
6433
426.2
2.5
3.546.2
11Burundi
13623319.12.4
2.845.0
12Bhutan
37
1837.0
13Mozambique
6163
346.7
14Malawi
6763482.22.1
3.747.0
15
Sudan39
35364.61.94.055.5
16
CentralAfrican
Rep.836340
4.12.0
5.3
51.20.9
17Nepal
73
3556
6.4
0.4
2.835.7
18Senegal
175438
67.32.44.656.8
19
Ethiopia
59
49280.8
4.252.81.5
20Zaire
40
37
5210.02.40.4
47.1
21
Rwanda
5157
4526.4
0.3
3.268.0
22
Angola
4649
2.3
0.3
3.494.6
23
Bangladesh8059
420.60.62.2
39.1
24Nigeria
37
4464
2.5
1.5
1.417.2
25
YemenArab
Rep.855463
1.65.158.8
26
Liberia
3630
4.30.75.017.6
27
Togo
4152645.81.95.534.0
28Uganda
243047
2.93.2
1.1
20.1
29
Haiti8538
581.71.41.256.8
30
Ghana
2456
2.23.83.529.3
31Yemen,PDR
602652
12.56.063.214.6
32
Cote
d'ivoire
3236477.14.65.0
46.8
33Congo
2564
10.52.55.030.0
34Namibia
35Tanzania,United
Rep.
2433
421.5
2.14.259.1
36
Pakistan
514129
1.7
1.12.240.2
37
India
46951.22.33.4
43.34.6
38Madagascar
7040
73
1.82.33.542.3
39
PapuaNewGuinea
33
3142
14.3
2.5
5.6
40
Kampuchea,Oem.50
41Cameroon
335070
26.3
1.7
2.877.7
42
Kenya38
34
1.7
4.6
5.061.9
43
Zambia9
4769
2.11.64.4
44.2
44Morocco
312652
1.33.15.936.5
Mediumhumandevelopment
35
27799.42.54.043.8
ExcludingChina
3729
76
11.72.7
4.3
49.7
45
Egypt
3630
8122.94.14.867.3
46
LaoPDR86
25
67
6.01.2
47Gabon
41
4720.02.14.8
48Oman
1126
72
5.5
6.652.2
49
Bolivia
27
761.52.4
71.9
50
Myanmar
7345
60
1.42.22.1
51
Honduras5739
7525.22.25.046.6
52
Zimbabwe
263993
0.10.57.966.0
53Lesotho
48
53
783.43.2
3.5
39.1
54Indonesia
2028
6411.02.53.5
14.4
55
Guatemala
6435
52
17.3
1.41.838.212.3
56
VietNam
5034691.6
57Algeria
10
28
764.95.6
6.128.5
58
Botswana
113282
6.12.79.136.81.9
59
EISalvador
694568
67.52.32.3
60.3
60
Tunisia
23
3178
17.33.35.045.0
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
1726835.6
2.43.541.5
62
SyrianArabRep.33
26876.22.0
5.744.827.8
63
DominicanRep.65
41924.62.11.644.4
64
SaudiArabia
1016601.9
3.210.6
65
Philippines
2532
912.31.761.8
5.9
66
China
322482
7.01.82.728.5
154
DropoutrateCombinedSecondary
Primary
(%
ofgrade1
primarytechnical
education
enrolmentPrimaryand
enrolment
Education
expenditure
Educated
notcompleting
pupil
to
secondary(as
%
oftotalexpenditure(as
%
oftotal
unemployed
primaryteacherenrolment
secondary
(as
%
ofGNP)
education(as
%
oftotal
school)
ratio
ratioenrolment)
expenditure)unemployed)
1985-87
1985-88
1986-88
1986-88196019861985-881982-87
67LibyanArabJamahiriya1817
8.3
2.810.1
68
SouthAfrica3.04.6
69Lebanon179010.9
70Mongolia32957.2
71Nicaragua803276
22.31.5
6.1
36.7
72
Turkey1531
78
21.5
2.62.155.8
2.5
73
Jordan4
30
99
9.3
3.0
5.1
89.9
74Peru
49
35984.32.31.631.1
12.5
75
Ecuador50318914.81.93.6
37.1
76
Iraq
29
257911.85.83.7
46.5
77
UnitedArabEmirates1818830.92.2
78
Thailand3620
6216.3
2.3
4.1
59.0
1.1
79
Paraguay5025686.41.3
1.4
36.6
80
Brazil
78248615.91.9
3.4
52.3
81Mauritius42278
1.4
3.0
3.3
44.2
1.2
82Korea,Dem.
Rep.
1367343.6
83
SriLanka12
3285
0.4
3.8
3.6
93.5
84Albania2092
72.5
Highhumandevelopment15219521.43.75.134.112.0
85Malaysia
3
2279
1.3
2.97.9
37.9
4.5
86Colombia43298320.8
1.7
2.839.9
87Jamaica34823.6
2.3
5.6
34.5
3.8
88Kuwait9
1887
0.3
4.6
48.7
89Venezuela
27
26845.13.76.6
24.5
6.7
90
Romania21922.91.8
91Mexico29328512.7
1.2
2.8
26.5
92Cuba81395
27.5
5.06.220.8
93Panama18228326.83.6
5.5
36.3
7.9
94TrinidadandTobago1624
93
11.3
2.85.8
47.5
3.8
95
Portugal
17
89
1.41.8
4.3
48.5
96Singapore527924.82.85.228.78.7
97
Korea,Rep.
1
96
16.82.04.9
8.1
98Poland61695
77.0
3.8
4.5
32.8
99Argentina1996
60.5
2.1
3.337.7
100Yugoslavia2
238524.62.33.8
74.5
21.2
101Hungary8
14
8873.9
3.2
3.836.6
102
Uruguay14
229212.03.76.636.17.8
103
CostaRica193175
22.7
4.14.734.45.2
104Bulgaria10189556.82.64.4
47.2
105
USSR201710014.74.75.239.1
106Czechoslovakia7
2178
58.9
3.4
3.6
43.3
107Chile67299318.72.75.2
51.9
4.1
108HongKong2
27
887.1
31.4
6.0
109
Greece1239712.6
1.52.5
31.6
12.0
110German
Dem.Rep.178725.34.03.8
55.7
111Israel1699
38.5
8.07.3
33.312.4
112
USA
211003.85.3
36.7
11.6
113Austria5
118625.62.96.0
17.5
8.5
114Ireland
2777
6.13.16.928.64.0
115
Spain
4
26
100
25.7
1.1
3.258.94.2
116Belgium
2315
99
45.64.65.6
25.0
10.6
117Italy1149233.93.24.0
21.3
118NewZealand
2194
0.7
2.24.8
34.58.5
119Germany,Fed.Rep.5179612.22.8
4.5
13.8
26.3
120
Finland214100
27.8
4.7
5.9
31.3
11.9
121UnitedKingdom938.33.55.324.4
122Denmark
1
11100
30.9
3.17.5
43.8
14.4
123France51910026.02.45.919.2
124Australia
17100
2.8
5.1
60.36.3
125Norway
16
9527.6
4.1
6.844.3
11.3
126
Canada17
100
4.27.461.714.8
127Netherlands6
17
100
44.04.6
6622.6
128Switzerland1006.73.04.873.6
129
Sweden169532.8
4.3
7.648.1
16.4
130Japan
12312.64.05.0
27.1
Alldevelopingcountries3935
75
6.9
2.4
3.9
41.1
6.1
Leastdevelopedcountries6048
40
4.2
1.53.3
46.2
Sub-SaharanAfrica
414349
6.3
2.33.644.3
Industrialcountries
11
1997
23.03.75.234.1
13.3
World
35
33789.0
3.5
5.035.0
8.0
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
155
~lllfJlVYIIICII
L
Womenin
Labourlabour
forceforce
Percentageoflabourforcein
Earnings
(as
%
of(as
%
of
peremployee
totaltotallabour
AgricultureIndustryServices
(annualgrowthrate)
population)force)
19881988
19651985-87
1965
1985-8719651985-871970-801980-86
Lowhumandevelopment
37.3
26.5
75.3
64.7
10.3
10.314.4
25.0
ExcludingIndia
36.527.678.267.08.29.813.6
23.3
1
Niger
51.447.095.085.01.02.74.012.3
2
Mali
31.816.490.085.51.02.08.012.5
-8.4
3
BurkinaFaso
46.8
46.5
89.086.6
3.0
4.3
7.0
9.1
2.6
4
SierraLeone
35.533.178.069.611.014.111.016.4
5
Chad
35.1
21.3
92.083.2
3.04.65.012.0
6
Guinea
45.740.287.080.76.09.07.010.3
7
Somalia
29.439.0
81.075.6
6.08.413.016.0
-6.4
-8.6
8
Mauritania
33.421.789.069.43.08.98.021.7
9
Afghanistan
36.48.4
69.061.0
11.014.020.025.0
10
Benin
47.147.883.070.25.06.612.023.1
11
Burundi
52.3
47.794.092.9
2.0
1.6
4.05.5
-7.8
12
Bhutan
46.132.495.092.52.02.84.04.7
13
Mozambique
54.647.987.084.5
6.0
7.4
7.0
8.1
14
Malawi
42.041.892.083.43.07.45.0
9.3
15
Sudan
32.121.582.0
64.9
5.03.914.031.2
16
CentralAfricanRep.
48.446.2
88.0
83.7
3.02.89.013.5
17
Nepal
40.533.894.093.02.00.64.0
6.5
18
Senegal
43.939.7
83.0
80.66.0
6.2
11.013.1-4.8-0.2
19
Ethiopia
45.437.886.079.85.07.99.0
12.3
-4.6
-3.1
20
Zaire
36935.982.0
71.5
9.012.99.015.6
21
Rwanda
49.248.0
94.0
92.82.03.03.04.3
22
Angola
41.439.079.073.88.09.513.0
16.7
23
Bangladesh
28.87.184.056.65.010.411.033.0
-2.9
-3.7
24
Nigeria
37.5
35.172.0
68.110.011.718.0
20.20.0
25
YemenArabRep.
24.413.479.068.87.09.214.022.1
26
Liberia
36.230.6
79,0
74.210.09.411.016.41.6
27
Togo
41.036.878.064.39.0
6.3
13.029.4
28
Uganda
44.641.491.085.93.04.46.09.7
29
Haiti
48.042.1
770
50.47.0
5.7
16.043.9
-3.3-0.5
30
Ghana
38.140.061.059.315.011.124.029.6
31
Yemen,PDR
26.011.854.0
41.0
12.017.533.041.2
32
Coted'ivoire
37.6
34.4
81.0
65.2
5.0
8.315.0
26.5
-0.9
33
Congo
39.839.066.062.411.011.923.025.6
34
Namibia
29.123.843.521.934.8
35
Tanzania,UnitedRep.
46.848.392.085.63.04.56.09.9
-11.4
36
Pakistan
28.0
12.1
60,0
48.7
18.0
13.3
22.038.03.4
8.8
37
India
37.925.6
730
62.612.010.815.026.6-0.25.6
38
Madagascar
42.639.785.080.94.06.011.013.2
-0.9-12.9
39
PapuaNewGuinea
47.039.187.076.36.010.27.013.52.90.1
40
Kampuchea,Dem.
47.039.280.0
74.4
4.0
6,7
16.0
18.9
41
Cameroon
39.3
33.786.074.04.04.59.021.5
42
Kenya
40.340.386.081.05.06.89.012.1
-3.4-3.7
43
Zambia
31.528.7
79.037.98.07.8
13.054.9
-3.30.2
44
Morocco
30.820.3
61.045.6
15.025.024.029.4
Mediumhumandevelopment
49.136.872.8
59.8
10.814.116.526.12.8
2.5
ExcludingChina
37.329.261.543.714.714.724.141.6
45
Egypt
27.09.8
55.038.2
15.0
13.3
30.048.5
4.01.6
46
LaoPDR
55.444.781.0
75.7
5.07.115.017.2
47
Gabon
48.237.775.510.8
13.7
48
Oman
28.18.162.050.015.021.823.028.6
49
Bolivia
31.225.254.046.520.019.726.033.92.54.4
50
Myanmar
44.237.464.063.914.09.123.027.0
51
Honduras
30.318.3
68.060.412.016.1
20.023.4
-0.4
52
Zimbabwe
40.635.079.072.88.0
10.5
13.016.71.6
6.1
53
Lesotho
46.343.892.023.33.033.16.0
43.6
54
Indonesia
39.031.271.053.59.09.721.0
36.8
4.79.2
55
Guatemala
28.515.964.049.815.012.321.0
37.9
-3.2
-0.1
56
VietNam
48.6
46.9
79.067.5
6.0
11.8
15.020.7
57
Algeria
22.79.357.025.717.0
15.3
26.059.00.1
-3.9
58
Botswana
34.935.589.043.24.04.9
8.0
51.9
10.4-4.2
59
EISalvador
40.125.159.0
43.216.0
19.4
26.037.5
2.4
60
Tunisia
31.3
23.949.023.421.017.529.059.14.2
-4.9
61
Iran,IslamicRep.
27.117.5
49.0
36.426.0
32.8
25.0
30.8
62
SyrianArabRep.
24.8
16.8
52.0
24.920.0
16.0
28.0
59.1
2.2
-1.8
63
DominicanRep.
30.014.559.045.714.015.527.038.8
-1.0
-4.8
64
SaudiArabia
29.17.168.048.511.014.421.037.2
65
Philippines
36.031.658.043.416.0
9.7
26.046.9
-3.0
66
China
59.343.281.073.78.013.611.012.7
156
Womenin
Labourlabour
force
forcePercentageoflabourforcein
Earnings
(as%of
(as
%
of
peremployee
total
totallabour
Agriculture
IndustryServices(annualgrowthrate)
population)
force)
19881988
1965
1985-87
1965
1985-87
19651985-87
1970-801980-86
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya23.7
8.7
41.0
18.121.028.938.0
53.0
68SouthAfrica34.9
35.4
32.013.630.024.4
39.062.02.70.4
69Lebanon30.1
27.229.014.324.027.447.0
58.4
70Mongolia46.4
45.554.039.920.0
21.026.039.2
71
Nicaragua30.824.657.046.516.0
15.828.037.7
-15.8
72
Turkey42.633.875.039.511.0
13.414.047.1
3.7
-2.3
73Jordan
23.19.937.010.2
26.025.637.064.2-1.1
74
Peru31.824.1
50.035.119.0
12.332.052.61.2
75Ecuador30.419.355.038.519.0
19.826.041.62.9-1.1
76
Iraq27.021.0
50.030.420.0
22.130.047.5
77UnitedArabEmirates49.86.221.04.5
32.038.047.057.3
78
Thailand52.545.1
82.072.45.0
5.913.021.71.07.2
79Paraguay33.020.755.048.620.0
20.526.030.9
80
Brazil36.627.3
49.025.220.015.831.059.0
4.0
-1.1
81Mauritius
39.026.037.018.525.0
33.738.047.81.7
-3.1
82
Korea,Oem.
Rep.45.245.957.042.8
23.030.320.026.9
83
SriLanka
36.926.856.042.414.012.0
30.045.6
-1.0
84Albania
48.341.169.0
55.919.025.712.018.4
Highhumandevelopment46.338.8
24.812.934.626.340.8
60.8
2.41.4
85Malaysia40.5
35.059.041.613.0
19.129.039.3
2.05.4
86Colombia
32.422.045.01.3
21.021.134.0
77.6
-0.2
6.2
87
Jamaica48.4
45.8
37.025.320.011.5
43.063.2
-0.2
88Kuwait
39.814.22.01.9
34.08.764.0
89.44.1
89Venezuela34.427.3
30.013.624.017.947.0
68.5
3.8-0.4
90Romania50.646.357.030.5
26.043.518.026.0
91Mexico33.8
27.150.025.822.014.1
29.060.11.2
-4.0
92
Cuba
42.031.433.023.825.0
28.541.047.7
93
Panama
35.627.046.026.2
16.09.738.0
64.10.2
4.4
94TrinidadandTobago38.629.9
20.09.735.0
13.745.076.62.4
95Portugal45.6
36.5
38.020.630.0
23.432.056.02.51.3
96Singapore
48.032.66.00.8
27.025.668.073.6
3.68.8
97
Korea,Rep.42.1
33.955.021.215.0
27.330.051.5
10.05.8
98
Poland
51.445.544.028.5
32.038.925.032.6
99Argentina35.827.918.013.0
34.0
33.8
48.0
53.11.74.4
100Yugoslavia45.538.7
57.028.726.0
23.617.047.7
1.3-1.9
101Hungary
49.644.7
32.020.940.0
31.3
29.047.83.71.5
102
Uruguay38.930.9
20.0
15.3
29.018.251.0
66.5
-1.2
103
CostaRica
34.121.747.027.519.017.4
34.0
55.1
104
Bulgaria49.846.346.016.531.0
37.923.045.6
105
USSR51.248.1
34.020.033.039.033.041.0
106Czechoslovakia53.2
46.521.013.347.0
49.431.037.4
107
Chile35.8
283
270
198
29.017.244.063.0
-1.5
108HongKong
53.033.86.01.553.0
34.141.064.4
6.1
2.6
109
Greece38.226.547.0
26.524.019.929.053.6
5.0-0.3
110
German
Oem.Rep.57.745.6
15.0
10.6
49.050.036.0
39.4
111Israel
38.933.612.04.935.0
22.853.072.3
8.8-10.0
112
USA48.941.5
5.03.035.019.0
60.078.0
0.11.4
113Austria
47.340.119.0
8.445.028.536.0
63.1
3.41.3
114Ireland39.3
29.231.012.728.0
18.641.068.7
4.18.0
115
Spain
36.324.334.013.8
35.021.032.065.2
4.51.9
116
Belgium41.633.8
6.02.546.0
19.548.078.0
4.3
-0.1
117Italy
40.431.9
25.0
9.1
42.020.434.070.5
4.10.4
118NewZealand45.9
34.713.010.0
36.020.151.069.9
1.2
-1.6
119Germany,
Fed.Rep.48.337.411.0
4.848.0
31.7
41.0
63.53.51.0
120Finland
51.1
46.924.010.2
35.021.941.067.9
2.62.1
121
UnitedKingdom48.638.7
3.0
2.147.020.1
50.0
77.8
1.73.0
122Denmark
55.244.514.05.737.0
20.049.074.3
2.5
-0.1
123
France45.039.8
18.06.739.019.8
43.073.5
124Australia47.2
38.010.05.5
38.017.352.0
77.2
2.91.7
125Norway
50.040.916.06.5
37.017.648.075.9
2.6
1.4
126
Canada50.3
39.810.04.933.0
18.657.076.54.22.8
127Netherlands
41.230.99.04.5
41.017.051.078.5
2.5
3.6
128
Switzerland49.2
36.69.06.449.0
29.841.063.8
129
Sweden51.444.411.03.9
43.0
22.0
46.074.1
0.4
0.1
130Japan
50.037.9
26.08.0
32.023.642.068.43.21.8
Alldevelopingcountries
43.532.171.559.0
11.513.0
17.128.00.93.1
Leastdevelopedcountries38.928.283.071.1
5.87.611.321.2
Sub-SaharanAfrica40.6
37.8
77.8
70.3
8.69.813.720.0-1.5-3.5
Industrialcountries48.541.122.211.5
36.427.541.561.0
2.21.4
World44.634.2
56.6
47.9
19.016.4
24.5
35.7
1.22.7
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
157
vv~al"ll
allu
t'UV~1
"y
GNP
per
Income
Ratio
ofPopulationbelow
GNPRealGDPcapitaofsharehighestpovertyline
perper
lowest40%of20%to
capitacapitaofhouseholdslowestlowestGiniUrbanRural
(US$)(PPP$)(US$)
40%20%coefficient
(%)(%)
198719871987
1975-86
1975-861967-851977-871977-87
Lowhumandevelopment30097040
55
ExcludingIndia
300880
4162
1Niger26045235
2Mali2105432748
3Burkina
Faso190
4
SierraLeone
3004800.5965
5
Chad15030
56
6Guinea
..
..
7Somalia290
40
70
8Mauritania
440
840
9
Afghanistan
10Benin31066565
11Burundi2504505585
12Bhutan150
13Mozambique
170
14Malawi16047625
85
15Sudan33075085
16CentralAfrican
Rep.330
591
91
17
Nepal
1607220.5355
61
18Senegal520
1,068
19
Ethiopia
130
45460
65
20Zaire150
220
80
21Rwanda300
571
3090
22Angola
470
23
Bangladesh16088370
17
7.20.398686
24Nigeria370668
25YemenArab
Rep.590
26
Liberia
45069623
27Togo290
67042
28
Uganda260
511
29Haiti360
775
6580
30
Ghana390
4815937
31Yemen,PDR42020
32
Cote
d'ivoire7401,123160
9
25.6
0.55
30
26
33Congo870756
34Namibia
35
Tanzania,United
Rep.180
405
36Pakistan350
1,585
0.363229
37India
3001,053120167.00.4240
51
38Madagascar
210634
5050
39
PapuaNewGuinea7001,843
10
75
40Kampuchea,Dem.
41
Cameroon
970
1,3811540
42
Kenya330
794
70925.0
10
55
43
Zambia25071770
1119.025
44Morocco610
1,761
28
45
Mediumhumandevelopment690
2,37016
18
ExcludingChina1,250
2,730
44
45Egypt680
1,357280168.50.38
21
25
46laoPDR170
47Gabon
2,700
2,068
48Oman5,810
49Bolivia580
1,380
1285
50
Myanmar200
752
4040
51Honduras
8101,1190.6214
55
52Zimbabwe580
1,184
53lesotho
370
1,585
5055
54Indonesia
4501,660160147.30.312644
55
Guatemala9501,9576674
56
VietNam
57
Algeria2,6802,63320
58Botswana
1,050
2,496
40
55
59
EISalvador
860
1,733
330
158.50.402032
60
Tunisia1,180
2,741
0.4020
15
61
Iran,IslamicRep.0.46
62
SyrianArabRep.
1,640
490
15.8
63
Dominican
Rep.730
..
45
43
64
SaudiArabia6,2008,320
65
Philippines5901,87821014
10.3
0.455064
66China
2902,124
10
158
GNPperIncome
Ratio
of
Populationbelow
GNPRealGOPcapitaof
share
highest
povertyline
per
per
lowest40%
of
20%to
capitacapitaofhouseholdslowest
lowestGini
UrbanRural
(US$)(PPP$)(US$)
40%
20%coefficient
(%)
(%)
198719871987
1975-861975-861967-851977-87
1977-87
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya5,460
68
SouthAfrica1,8904,981
69Lebanon
70Mongolia
71Nicaragua830
2,209
21
19
72
Turkey1,210
3,781
3501116.30.51
73Jordan1,560
3,16114
17
74
Peru
1,4703,129260
732.0
0.3149
75
Ecuador1,0402,68740
65
76
Iraq
3,020
77
UnitedArabEmirates15,83012,191
78
Thailand850
2,576
320
158.8
0.47
15
34
79Paraguay
9902,6031950
80
Brazil2,020
4,307
350
733.70.57
81Mauritius1,4902,6174301115.0
12
12
82Korea,Dem.Rep.
83SriLanka4002,053
160168.3
0.45
84Albania
Highhumandevelopment9,25011,860
85Malaysia
1,8103,849510
1114.4
0.48
13
38
86Colombia1,2403,5240.45
32
87
Jamaica940
2,506
0.66
80
88Kuwait14,610
13,843
89Venezuela3,230
.4,306
830
1018.2
90
Romania2,560
91Mexico1,830
4,624
4501019.6
0.50
92Cuba
93Panama
2,2404,009400731.50.572130
94TrinidadandTobago
4,210
3,664
1339
95Portugal2,830
5,5971,080159.4
96Singapore7,94012,7900.42
97Korea,Rep.2,690
4,8321,200176.80.3618
11
98Poland2,070
99Argentina2,390
4,6478401411.3
100Yugoslavia2,4801,160195.9
101Hungary2,240
1,150
20
5.2
102Uruguay2,190
5,063
22
103CostaRica1,610
3,760
120.42
104Bulgaria
4,150
105
USSR4,550
106Czechoslovakia5,820
107
Chile1,3104,8620.4627
108Hong
Kong
8,070
13,9063,270168.7
0.45
109
Greece
4,020
110German
Dem.Rep.
7,180
111Israel6,8009,1823,060
186.7
112
USA
18,53017,6157,970177.5
113Austria11,98012,386
114Ireland6,120
8,5663,110
20
5.5
115
Spain
6,010
8,9892,910
195.8
116Belgium
11,48013,1406,200
22
4.6
117
Italy10,35010,682
4,530
177.1
118NewZealand
7,750
10,541
3,080
168.8
119Germany,
Fed.Rep.14,40014,7307,340205.0
120Finland
14,47012,795
6,660
186.0
121
UnitedKingdom10,42012,2704,820185.7
122Denmark
14,93015,119
6,490
177.2
123
France
12,79013,9615,440177.7
124Australia11,100
11,7824,270158.7
125Norway17,190
15,940
8,120196.4
126
Canada15,16016,3756,480177.5
127Netherlands11,860
12,6616,640
22
4.4
128Switzerland21,33015,40310,720205.8
129
Sweden15,55013,780
7,970
20
5.6
130
Japan
15,76013,1358,630224.3
Alldevelopingcountries650
1,97027
35
Leastdevelopedcountries2106905972
Sub-SaharanAfrica44099034
61
Industrialcountries10,760
14,260
World3,100
4,110
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
159
VI
..,gll'-I
VVVUIII~
Highest
populationdensity
Urbanpopulation
Urbanpopulation
(%)
(annualgrowthrate)
PersonsperPopulationper
habitableroomsquarekilometre
1960198820001960-881988-20001970-81
Majorcity
1980-87
Lowhumandevelopment1729374.74.6
ExcludingIndia15
31395.95.3
1Niger618276.96.5
2
Mali
11
19234.34.9
3
Burkina
Faso
59
124.5
6.0
4SierraLeone13
31405.25.0
5
Chad7
31447.65.7
6Guinea1024335.45.2Conakry6,912
7
Somalia17
35
445.8
4.8
8
Mauritania73954
9.1
5.5
9
Afghanistan
8
21
29
4.8
7.5
10Benin1040
53
7.85.8
11Burundi27116.27.7
12Bhutan
358
4.46.1
13Mozambique424419.67.4
14
Malawi
414
217.2
7.0
15Sudan10
22265.54.7
16CentralAfrican
Rep.
23
45
554.5
4.2
17Nepal39146.36.5
18Senegal32
38443.6
4.2
19Ethiopia6
12174.75.2
20Zaire
2238
464.84.8
21Rwanda
27
117.47.5
22
An90la
10
27
366.05.4
..
23Bangladesh5
13186.25.6
2.9
Dhaka9,930
24
Nigeria1434436.55.6
25YemenArab
Rep.323339.5
6.5
2.8
26Liberia
19
42
52
6.15.1
27Togo
1024
33
6.25.9
28Uganda510
14
6.1
63
29
Haiti1629374.24.0Port-au-Prince
6,985
30Ghana2332383.9
4.4
31
Yemen,PDR
28
42513.94.8
32
Coted'ivoire19
45557.35.6Abidjan
3,030
33Congo33
41
503.24.4
34Namibia2355666.04.8
35Tanzania,United
Rep.5304610.4
7.6
36
Pakistan2231384.34.63.6Karachi3,990
37
India1827
34
3.74.02.8Calcutta88,135
38Madagascar
1124
32
5.7
5.9
39
PapuaNewGuinea315209.05.0
40
Kampuchea,Dem.1011151.74.2
41Cameroon14
47
60
7.04.9
1.2
..
42Kenya7
22
327.97.2Nairobi1,587
43
Zambia17
5365
7.65.5
2.6
44Morocco2947564.43.72.4Casablanca12,133
Mediumhumandevelopment
29
42
483.73.2
ExcludingChina
345461
4.4
3.4
45
Egypt
3848553.3
33
Cairo29,393
46
LaoPDR
8
18255.05.4
47Gabon
17
44
546.4
5.1
48
Oman410157.6
7.1
49
Bolivia3950
58
3.44.2Cochabamba
6,558
50Myanmar
1924
28
3.1
33
51
Honduras234251
5.6
4.7
52Zimbabwe
1326
35
5.95.4
53
Lesotho3
19
28
8.86.2
54Indonesia15
27
36
4.5
3.91.5
55
Guatemala3341473.7
4.1
2.2
56
VietNam15
21273.64.2
57Algeria30
44514.24.02.8
Algiers
7,930
58
Botswana2
22
33
13.1
6.9
59
EISalvador38
44
49
2.93.53.2
60
Tunisia
36
54
593.72.7
3.1
61
Iran,IslamicRep.3454615.24.02.0Mashhad21,132
62
SyrianArab
Rep.3751574.64.50.4
63
Dominican
Rep.30
59
68
5.2
3.2
2.0
64SaudiArabia307682784.5
65
Philippines30
41493.9
3.7
2.3
Manila
45,839
66
China
19
21
25
2.3
2.7Beijing
4,039
160
Highest
populationdensity
Urbanpopulation
Urbanpopulation
(%)
(annualgrowthrate)
PersonsperPopulationper
habitableroom
squarekilometre
196019882000
1960-88
1988-2000
1970-81
Majorcity
1980-87
67
LibyanArabJamahiriya
2368768.34.6
1.8
68
SouthAfrica
47
58
65
3.23.1
69
Lebanon
40
82
874.2
2.4
70
Mongolia
365155
4.3
3.6
71
Nicaragua
4059664.74.1
72
Turkey
304754
4.1
3.0
Ankara
3,438
73
Jordan
4367744.74.9
Amman
11,104
74
Peru
4669
754.23.0
Lima
1,379
75
Ecuador
3455654.84.02.3
..
76
Iraq
4373795.44.1
Baghdad
5,384
77
UnitedArabEmirates
40787813.22.3
..
78
Thailand
132229
4.6
4.0
Bangkok
3,486
79
Paraguay
3646544.04.02.4
..
80
Brazil
4575
83
4.42.61.0
Recife
6,232
81
Mauritius
3342462.61.81.6
PortLouis
3,795
82
Korea,Dem.Rep.
40
66
734.5
30
83
SriLanka
1821242.52.3
2.1
84
Albania
3135402.9
2.8
Highhumandevelopment
6174
77
2.0
1.1
1.0
85
Malaysia
2541504.33.72.6
KualaLumpur
3,772
86
Colombia
48
69
753.8
2.5
1.8
Medellin
3,106
87
Jamaica
3451593.02.5
88
Kuwait
72
95
978.23.3
89
Venezuela
6789
944.42.7
90
Romania
34
5053
2.2
1.0
1.4
Bucharest
3,271
91
Mexico
5171
77
4.22.62.5
Guadalajara
10,286
92
Cuba
5574
80
2.41.51.0
Havana
2,749
93
Panama
4154603.52.8
1.8
Panama
3,890
94
TrinidadandTobago
236775
5.4
2.4
95
Portugal
2332391.81.9
Lisbon
9,893
96
Singapore
1001001001.70.9
Singapore
4,160
97
Korea,Rep.
2869815.32.32.3
Seoul
15,932
98
Poland
48
6267
1.81.11.2
Warsaw
3,419
99
Argentina
7486892.11.5
BuenosAires
14,615
100
Yugoslavia
2849582.91.91.4
Belgrade
3,022
101
Hungary
40
59
671.61.01.0
Budapest
3,954
102
Uruguay
80
85
87
0.9
0.9
2.1
Montevideo
6,952
103
CostaRica
3752
614.4
3.5
1.5
104
Bulgaria
396976
2.6
0.91.0
105
USSR
496771
2.1
1.2
Moscow
9,402
106
Czechoslovakia
47
67
741.81.10.9
Prague
2,821
107
Chile
6885892.71.9
1.4
Santiago
9,878
108
HongKong
8993
942.41.2
HongKong
5,048
109
Greece
4362682.01.0
0.9
110
GermanDem.Rep.
7278810.1
0.3
Leipzig
3,950
111
Israel
77
9193
3.3
1.7
1.2
112
USA
7074751.3
0.8
0.6
NewYorkCity
8,722
113
Austria
5057610.70.5
1.1
Vienna
3,689
114
Ireland
46
58
641.8
1.7
0.9
Dublin
4,485
115
Spain
57
77
832.00.9
Barcelona
17,433
116
Belgium
92
97
98
0.4
0.2
0.6
Brussels
4,160
117
Italy
59
68
72
1.0
0.6
Naples
10,342
118
NewZealand
7684851.60.80.5
..
119
Germany,Fed.Rep.
77
86880.70.00.6
Munich
4,192
120
Finland
3866742.41.20.8
Helsinki
2,616
121
UnitedKingdom
86
92940.60.2
Birmingham
4,444
122
Denmark
7486890.90.30.6
Copenhagen
5,735
123
France
62
74
76
1.3
0.6
0.8
Paris
20,647
124
Australia
8185861.91.1
Sydney
3,318
125
Norway
3274
77
3.60.60.7
..
126
Canada
697679
1.7
1.00.5
Montreal
6,357
127
Netherlands
858889
1.00.3
'sGravenhage
6,386
128
Switzerland
515962
1.2
0.50.6
Lausanne
5,512
129
Sweden
7384
86
0.90.20.6
Stockholm
3,051
130
Japan
63
77
78
1.7
0.50.8
Tokyo
13,973
Alldevelopingcountries
294350
4.0
3.5
2.4
Leastdevelopedcountries
922
306.2
5.6
Sub-SaharanAfrica
19
36
45
6.0
5.3
Industrialcountries
62
7476
1.5
0.8
0.7
World
425560
3.0
2.4
1.9
Note:Summarydataforregionalandincomegroupsaregivenintables23and24.
161
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