Christmas in Russia Автор: Мартынова Екатерина, ученица 5 класса МОУ «Красноярская СОШ №1» с. Красный Яр Астраханской области. Руководитель: Богатырёва Татьяна Владимировна Christmas is celebrated all around the world . Each country has different customs and traditions . Learn about the Christmas traditions in Russia . Christmas is one of the main holidays of Christians, the second after Easter . On this day believers celebrate the major event — the birth of the Divine Son Jesus Christ who has come to earth to rescue human souls . After the 1917 Revolution, Christmas was banned throughout Russia, along with other religious celebrations . It wasn't until 75 years later, in 1992 , that the holiday was openly observed . Today, it's once again celebrated in grand fashion, with the faithful participating in an all - night Mass in incense - filled Cathedrals amidst the company of the painted icons of Saints . Thirteen days after Western Christmas, on January 7 th, the Russian Orthodox Church celebrates its Christmas, in accordance with the old Julian calendar . It's a day of both solemn ritual and joyous celebration In some areas of Russia you can see « vertep » — an original doll theatre with the representation of Christmas Jesus . It is possible to celebrate Christmas after occurrence of the first star in the sky. Celebrating Christmas in Russia begins with Christmas Eve January 6, which is called the Sochelnyk. The evening meal on the Eve of Christmas is accompanied by many traditions and ceremonies. This day in food it was possible to accept only so - called sochivo — boiled wheat (or rice) with honey and fruits, and only after liturgy, which passes in evening prayer. On the eve of Christmas our ancestors put a bunch of fresh hay on the table — in memory of the place, in which Jesus was born . A table was covered by a snow - white cloth and twelve dishes were placed on it — the number of the apostles, — and all the dishes were without meat . Among these dishes, in olden time, people prepared fish, borsch, vareniki , cabbage, pies and others . But on the 7 - th of January people ate meat dishes . The special tradition of Christmas and Svyatki in Russia was kolyadki , or glorification . Youth and children dressed up and went out into the court yard with a large self - made star, singing church songs, and also spiritual songs - kolyadki devoted to Christmas . The custom for singing kolydki spread everywhere, but in different areas of the country, had different features . Christmas week is the best time for young girls to learn about their future . Fortune - telling was very popular in Russia but now it is not so popular . Christmas week is the best time for having fun. In old times young people liked to dance, sing songs together. Russia has someone named Babouschka, who would bring gifts for the children . The tradition says that she failed to give food and shelter to the three wise men and so she now searches the countryside searching for the baby Jesus, visiting all children giving gifts as she goes . Santa was known as Saint Nicholas but today is called Grandfather Frost, wearing a blue outfit instead of red . Christmas tree, Christmas tree, What is there under tree? Presents, candles, colored lights, Always make the children smile. Christmas tree is one of Christmas symbols. MERRY CHRISTMAS !