close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Fiasco of astrophysics of the XX-th century

код для вставкиСкачать
In physics of space, the properties of space and time are inseparable with the metrics, which is given emr from a star. The fact of influence of a gravitational field on emr is predicted Albert Einstein and the red displacement, at an output of ra
 Astrophysics Gremr &
Analysis given to observant Astronomy.
Rafael M. Ibragimov.
VAO, Motley Mountains, fort Verny
, (Alma-Ata) Mail
: vaomm
@
yandex
.
ru
The fact of influence of a gravitational
field on photons emr is predicted earlier and
red displacement, at an exit of radiation from
star G2V, is defined experimentally (~.1 %),
and at occurrence in the field of a star of the
observer -
color of displacement, violet
(author). It is obvious that gravitational
properties emr of a star (Gremr) are obliged
to have defining value at construction of
concepts of physics of Space!
The accepted reductions and information for reflection
:
ǽ (
emr)
- photon electromagnetic
radiation;
Gremr
- gravitational properties of electromagnetic radiation; Ared
- Ana
galactic red displacement;
The
postulate
- is not the law, and element philosophical of a
category!
Introduction in problems of Astrophysics XX.
The laws sold in a nature are perfect, and their mathematical formulation is
graceful, but under condition of their correct perusal and realization. In this
understanding the modern knowledge of physics of Space does not allow with confidence to
answer q
uestions - when, and how there was a universe, what stages and tendencies е
ё
of
development and that expects the universe ahead and, that less, at the end of ways! And on
the other hand, on the present time, the Astronomy saves a databank, sufficient for search
of the answers for all these questions.
And as the practice has shown, the success in this direction is possible
(probable)
only by joint consideration, both fields of gravitation, and electromagnetic radiation and
for what reason: in Space, the properties of space and time are inseparable with that
metrics, which is given emr
from a star. The speeds, acceleration and distance, are
determined by that or otherwise, measurements of parameters emr
, and nonlinearity of
the metrics and expansion or compression of space and time essence equivalent concepts!
And the probable reason of nonlinearity of the metrics, consists during interaction
фотонов and gravitational fields, both source of radiation, and star of the detector!
Actually, the established experimentally gravitational properties emr
, suppose existence of
weight of gravitation фотонов, distinct from zero and equal m
f
=
h
*(
ω
−
с
/
λ
)
/
с
2
, and
consequently, such concept is proved enough!
In this connection, study and the construction of the theory of gravita
tion, outside of
the metrics which defines (determines) emr
, is deprived of logic sense! Correctly and
return statement and consequently, at development of the theory Gremr
, the results of
astronomical supervision of star objects, as in near, so in distant space were widely used.
And as there was, a development of physics Gremr
, besides an establishment of structure
emr
, field of gravitation and their interaction, decides (solves) (or specifies a way of the
decision) and other problems of astrophysics. And as have shown results of the analysis -
factor of mutual influence of a field of gravitation and emr
has appeared much above
expected!
1. Delay of speed of distribution emr
.
In physics of space, the properties of space and time are inseparable with the
metrics, which is given emr
from a star. The speeds, acceleration and distance, are
determined by that or otherwise, measurements of parameters emr
, and nonlinearity of
the metrics and expansion or compression of space and time essence equivalent concepts!
Therefore, for a basis of the metrics we shall accept the basic parameters EMR, which are
connected by the formula a Rod c
=
λ
*
ω
, and, the index 0 for system of a source of
radiation, and at absence of an index is a system of the observer, at detecting фотонов emr
of a star [
Rafael
]! For study of transformation of properties emr
, we shall consider differential of the
formula a Rod:
(1) dC
=
λ
*
d
ω
+ ω
*
d
λ
. Integrating in the given limits, we shall receive identity, which connects parameters
фотонов in systems of a source, index 0, and detector of radiation: (2)
с
0
*
λ
*
ω
=с*
λ
0
*
ω
0
.
This identity defines
(determines) mutual communication (connection) of
parameters emr
, at their transformation from the moments of radiation and before
detecting. It is offered as, what at a choice of the metrics, in addition to accepted "space -
time", in the implicit form (
λ
*
ω
=
c
)
to add speed with, which change, in time, will define
(determine) also acceleration a. Actually, the identity (1) allows to present dynamic
character of parameters emr
as displacement, at measurement of these parameters (the
index V means a dynamic nature measured of sizes):
(3) (1+
Zcv
)*(1+
Z
λv
)=(1+
Z
ω
v
).
At defin
ition of displacement the event, is supposed, what
(
с
0
,
λ
0
,
ω
0
)
, in system of a
source identically similar event (
с
,
λ
,
ω
)
in system of the observer, at the moment of
radiation of a package фотонов. And at the moment of detecting radiation, the
transformation of parameters on (2) is identical, both in system of a source, and in system
of the observer (property uniformity of space)! Fig. 1
.
On experimental data [
John L.Tonry, et al.
], the displacement of speed of
distribution emr
on ways from a source of radiation - Sn1a
and up to the detector of the
observer on (3) is calculated. It is possible to see, that on distances <~1000 mpc
is
observed high дисперсия
, caused, it is obvious, as by beam speed of formation (education)
Sn, and анизотропией
by the universe on a corporal corner, and change of speed emr
, in
static approach (approximation), it is possible to describe by functional dependence:
(4) log
Zc
= 1,6*
Log
R
- 6,6.
It is possible to note as the fact of a deviation
(rejection) of a number (line) of the data on a
figure from (3) (in a framework), on removed Sn
, which are identified also gravitational
focusing.
Conclusion A: On to arrow of world (global) time there is a delay of
distribution emr
, and the speed is transformed under the law (3) which is
established on experimental data of observant Astronomy!
2. Beam speed and superposition of displacement. Feature of observable spectral disp
lacement Z
λv
(2) consists in that fact, what it
comprises and is divided (shared) on the contributions, how effect Doppler, from beam
speed of formation (education) Sn Zv
, and change of displacement from пройденного
of
a way - Z
λ
. On the nature these processes are consecutive: this change of length of a wave
фотона
from
λ
0
up to
λ
'
(effect Doppler - Zv=v/c
), with the subsequent increase her
(it) from λ
'
Up to
λ
, on ways up to the observer on (9) is primary. In result we have a
rule of a superposition for dynamic spectral displacement - Z
λv
, these processes:
(5) (1+
Z
λ
v
)=
Zv
+
Zv
*
Z
λ
+
Z
λ
=(1+
Zv
)*(1+
Z
λ
).
For displacement - Z
ω
we shall enter definition of the connected form --
(
Z
ω
*
Zs
ω
)=1
and consequently, contribution dynamic making beam speed, of spectral, red displacement
and parameter фотометрии
in identity (2) are partially compensated and the received
equation "is suitable" for calculation of displacement on speed of formation (education)
Sn Zv
(with a deduction of displacement on speed emr
- Zc
):
(6) (
1+
Zc
)/(1+
Zcv
)=
(1+
Zv
)
, Where Zc
and
Zcv are determined above.
Fig. 2.
On the data [
John L.Tonry, et al.
] and formula (4) the displacement of
speed of formation (education) Supernova are calculated. It is possible to see, that kick
tends to essential increase on a distance, and due to a deduction of displacement of speed of
distribution emr
from Sn1a, this distribution is symmetric concerning an axis Zv=0
. Conclusion B: On of world (global) time there is a reduction of speed of
formation (education) kick, and as to a consequence and power of explosion
Supernova.
3. Complete displacement emr of the removed star.
Actually, displacement of parameters emr
, as on length of a wave, and frequency,
by separate consideration bear(carry) not the complete information on processes, which
accompany with detecting radiation from Sn! And moreover, as there was, an influence of
a field of gravitation on Photons emr
of a star: E
0
=
h
*(
ω
=
с
/
λ
) (M. Plank) - was
essentially underestimated! For these reasons, for objectivity of the analysis, we shall enter
complete displacement emr
from Sn - Z
, which is a superposition of displacement (total
effect from change both length of a wave, and frequency):
(7) (1+
Z
)=(1+
Z
λ
v
)*(1+
Z
ω
v
)
! Fig. 3.
On experimental data on a distance and spectral displacement emr
from
Sn1a
[
John L.Tonry, et al.
], the complete displacement Z on (5) is calculated. It is
possible to see, that the complete displacement, for basic weight Supernova (dark blue
colour), specify linear character of dependence Z from R (light-blue colour).
(8)
Z
=
q
1
*
r
, где
q
1
=
H
0
/
c
=.000313
mpc
-1
.
And the small size of a deviation
(rejection) of experimental data from the law (7) grows
out of mutual indemnification of dynamic components of spectral and red displacement (5).
4. Supernova c by absolute star size - M ~ -24,3m!
It is possible to see (
Fig. 3), that the complete displacement, for basic weight Sn1a
(dark blue colour), specify linear character of dependence Z
(line of light-blue colour)
except for a number (line) SnX
, wrongly identified as Sn1a
(red colour). On a figure 1
these objects are made in a framework. Let's note, that SnX
is translated, (the parallel
carry results in increase of a distance in ~ 10 times) in the basic sequence Sn, at absolute
star size е ё of formation (education) M ~ -24,3m. Actually, five orders from Sn1a in seen area of radiation can specify that fact, that the
partners at formation (education) SnX were, on all probability, proto a star! Moreover, the
catastrophic character of such explosion can result in mysterious scale to bursts, and the
volumetric distribution of explosions SnX and is, presumably, process of hot birth of the
universe! Let's note, that the volumetric explosion more preferably central, as results in
process of redistribution not only energy, but also pulse, at evolutionary development of the
universe. Conclusion C: the absolute star size of formation(education)
Sn97ff,
Sn02ke
and number (line) others, identified and gravitational focusing, high
also is equal ~ 24.3m
, that specifies existence of other type supernova, behind
edge(territory) of the universe, and the distance up to these Supernova is
increased by one order!
5. Quasars and removed galaxies,
Z > 1. Actually, the size of gravitational weight of a source of radiation, which causes fluctuation
of spectral displacement - ZGrav not to be obliged high! For an estimation of process of
occurrence of spectral displacement Z > 1 we shall enter factor of compactness of the
removed source
emr
-ki=rsh/d0, where rsh - radius
Shvarcshild
, and
d0
- radius of sphere of borrowed (occupied) gravitational weight of a source. It is obvious,
that the maximal gravitational displacement will be observed at ki~1, for objects a black
hole ZGrav >1000, and for a star
G2V factor of compactness -
ki~6*10-
6,
small size and consequently, the influence of gravitational weight is unsignificant also
red displacement
ZGrav << 1.
Thus, a determining attribute of existence of objects
Z > 1, are presence in them of processes, which accompany with formation(education)
of such star objects, both neutron star, and black hole! The same star objects as quasar and removed galaxies, on all probability are
formed(educated) by complex (difficult) complexes of processes and contain compact
enough formations(educations) (for a neutron star ki ~.02)
, therefore, the
displacement
Z~7 is not a determining attribute of a presence(finding) them behind
edge(territory) of the universe! Moreover, the packages photons from quasars and
removed galaxies can contain both superpositions
emr
of high and low photometric
displacement.
Besides wide issue of lines, with significant red displacement, the lines of
absorption, smaller displacement, on all probability from various processes of
transformation of stars forming as quasar, and removed galaxy are defined (determined)
also! And the vector diagram "displacement and corner of a start of radiation", for these
objects, is essential anisotropic!
Fig. 4.
On experimental spectral Cohen et. al. and photometric (red) Fernandez
-soto et. al. to displacement Photons emr
for the removed galaxies [
Coen & Fernandes
],
the complete displacement of a power spectrum - Z
=(1+
Z
ω
)*(1+
Z
λ
)-1
is calculated.
Let's consider communication
(connection) of the data, on measured spectroscopic
to displacement Z and visual star sizes AB, for the removed galaxies, which are submitted
on Fig. 4. It is possible to see, that the removed galaxies were divided (shared) into two
types of star objects, emr
which are various. For the basic set the law red anagalactic of
displacement - Z=q*r
(yellow colour) is fair, and the red colour) is characteristic for a
smaller part (high red displacement not typical for Red Shift
). If to admit (allow), that the high complete displacement of galactic objects (pink
colour) is caused in large gravitational weight, the analysis results in such size of
displacement - ZGrav=1,539297
, at Zspek=Zfot
(with a deduction ZGrav
complete displacement the galactic objects of red and yellow lines on a figure will coincide
among themselves).
5.1. Increase of power of transformation of stars. Further, if on (3) to calculate Zcv for quasars, believing thus that Zspek=Zλv and
Zfo
t=Z
ω
v as a result we will receive result distinct from a picture presented on figs. 1 for
supernovae 1A.
Fig. 5.
On experimental spectral Cohen et. al. And photometric (red) to
displacement of photons emr
for remote galaxies [
Coen & Fernandes
], their beam
speed on (3) is calculated.
First of all, there is no law (4) that leads to the assumption of infringement of
identity Ze=Z
ω. Analysis
of displacement of energy of a photon leads to such result (1+Ze)
= (E
0
/E) = (h
0
/h) (
ω
0
/ω) = (1+Zh) (1+Z
ω) where Zh - is displacement of a constant of Planck
and consequently, we come to a conclusion what exactly Planck's "constant" is responsible
for anomaly on figs. 1 for sn1a, and the law (4) is the statement about increase of power of
processes of transformation of stars in process of removal in the Universe past. The size of
beam speed of quasars specifies in this fact, concerning the observer also, after all in our
time beam speed of close located stars lies in limits ± <50 km/s.
Conclusions
D.
Spectroscopic and the
photometric
(red) displacement
emr
from basic
weight of the removed galaxies, is formed by the mechanism red Ana galactic of
displacement - Z=q*r.
E.
As well as on supernova is established, that the speed Photons
emr
from the
removed galaxies decreases, on an arrow
of world time under the law of complete
displacement (yellow color fig. 2). F.
From a number (line) of the removed galaxies (~25 %), complete
displacement Z~10, that is caused, on all probability, or presence of compact sources
of radiation ZGrav >1
, or arrangement of objects behind horizon, but much greater
absolute star size
M
!
G. The analysis spectroscopic and photometric displacement emr
from a
great bulk of remote galaxies leads to inequality Ze
≠
Z
ω and therefore, we come
to a conclusion about increase of power of transformation of stars that is Zh
≠
0!
6. Identification of distances in the Universe on Supernovae 1a. Let's define effect of influence of reduction of pow
er of formation Sn1a, on a current
of world time, at distance definition on visual star size. First of all, mean the analysis of
beam speeds of formation supernova (fig.2), on distances from a parsec and to Universe
edge. It is possible to see that speeds of formation Sn1a increase with distance increase that
testifies to growth of power of formation Supernova, and consequently also absolute star
size under the law: M (R) = - (19,74m +lg Rmpc). Further, using the received value of M
(R) the formula of Pogsona
(9) m – M = 5*log r – 25, It will be transformed to such kind:
(10) m = 4*log R + 5,26, Where m – visual star size Sn1a. It is possible to see that distance updating on (11) leads to
its increase, and, the it is more (R – r), than the distance to Sn1a is more considerable. On the other hand, distance definition r with use of full displacement (7) is reliable,
but demands measurement both spectral Z
λ, and visual star size m. But if under the data
[
John L.Tonry
] to construct schedule Zλ from distance R received with use (10) as a result
we will receive dependence of a distance to Sn1a from the measured spectral displacement
(фиг.5): (11) Log R = 1,2*log Z λ + 4,65.
Thus, possibility of use (11) isn't limited only Sn1a, and extends and on other star objects,
but with a deduction of influence of their beam speed. Other limiting factor of use (11) is
the condition of low compactness of star object, that is, believe that formation Z λ is caused
basically only by a distance to it, instead of strong fields of gravitation.
Figs. 6. The diagram of the measured spectral displacement is presented and The calculated distances on (10) for supernovae 1a. Green color on (11).
7
. Reduction of power of formation (education) Sn1a. First of all, mean the analysis of beam speeds of formation
(education) and events
supernova, on distances from parsec and up to edges (territory) of the universe. It is
possible to see, that the speeds of formation (education) Supernova, calculated on (5), are
increased with increase of a distance that testifies to growth of power of formation
(education) Supernova. And the increase of speed of formation (education) Sn, in the past,
will result in increase, both power of explosion, and absolute star size M
. The analysis of the data submitted on fig. 3, results in such formula for absolute star
size of formation (education) Sn1a:
(1
2) М
(R)=-(19,74
m
+
lg
R
mpc
).
Fig. 7.
(A)
It also is the diagram "space - time" for events Supernova
. The red
color - observable area of formation (education) Sn1a
, is higher - past time of supervision,
and the supervision in the future time is lower - Dark blue color - historical Sn
. (B)
Beam
speeds of formation(education) Sn
1
a
- E
~
(
Z
v
)
2
! And the time, which takes into account of delay of speed emr
, is accepted equal:
(1
3
) t
=(
q
0
*
c
)
-1
*
Ln
(1+
q
0
*
r
)
.
Actually, the accepted system of registration of year of reception emr
from
supernova, instead of year of birth - masks the interesting facts: in first (А) - the process of
formation (education) supernova (
Sn1a
, double systems) has stopped ~ 65*10
6
lights.
Years back (together with epoch of Dinosaurs), and in second - formation (education) of
other types Supernova (
Sn2
, the unary star) has stopped ~10
4
lights. Years ago
(historical including)! From the analysis of the data on Sn is established as, that on to arrow of time the
power of formation (education) Sn1a
decreases (в) or, in the removed past the absolute
star size е ё of formation (education) grows from -19,74m
up to -24,3m
for
Sn97ff
! Accordingly and the distance up to "edges" (territory) of the universe grows by
the order.
Conclusion H: The absolute star size formation (education) supernova,
on current of world (global) time decreases (B), as results as in a stop of
formation (education) Sn1a, and termination (ending) of epoch of dinosaurs
(~65*10
6
Light Years ago), and other types Sn (
~10
4
lights Years back)! 8
. Near space and violet displacement EMR. And the input
(entrance) of radiation in a gravitational field of a star G2V
is
accompanied by violet displacement of a spectrum, that proves to be true also by abnormal
(virtual) delay of space vehicles "
pioneer 10, 11
", at an output (exit) them from a
zone of an attraction of the Sun, and as by distribution of beam speeds close located stars
!
Fig. 8.
On a figure the measured spectral displacement Z~Zv
for 47 stars located
sphere symmetrically concerning the Sun (atlas) are submitted. The beam speeds are in an
interval ~ |50|km/cek
, and, it is possible to see, that on a distance r<4pc
star
objects move in a direction of the Sun and have violet displacement, and on a distance
r>4pc
, movement from the Sun (red displacement Hubble). The border is determined as also which divides (shares) areas of violet and red
spectral displacement R00~4pc. And, the area of violet displacement gives the basis to
assert (approve), that these displacement have a virtual nature - at real movement in a
direction of the Sun, under the law Doppler’s, of all stars would arrive to us for a long time
in guests
! But them are not present, therefore we come to a conclusion (P):
The
universe it is constant in the sense that there are no processes of expansion or
compression, and is observed it aging with issue of gravitational weight in
radiant energy, delay of speed of distribution
EMR
and reduction of power of
formation (education) Sn1a
, on to arrow of world (global) time!
9
. Internal area of a star G2V. Let's consider abnormal acceleration "
pioneer 10, 11
" [
John
D
. Anderson
,
et
al
.
]: At an output (exit) of space vehicles from solar system the violet braking with
acceleration a
p
=-7,8*10
-8
cm
/
с
ek
2
is observed, thus parameter of braking is equal
q
p
~-,0002994 mpc
-1
! It is possible to see, that meanings (importance) q
p
~
q
0
, but
with opposite is familiar, that will be coordinated to virtual character of violet
displacement Z
f
(11)
.
The equation of communication (connection) "displacement Doppler - distance up
to a source of radiation " obviously also looks like (decision of the equation of radial
movement of a source of radiation in the central gravitational field with replacement S
-
way passed by a body, on D
- distance from a source of radiation up to the detector, passed
emr
for the same time, so - S
=
Z
v
*D
):
(
1
4
) Z
v = Z
0 - (q * D
p
= R
sh
* D
p
-1
), Were
q=
а
/c
2
=R
sh
*D
-2
(
R
sh
– radius Shardshilda)
, D
p
=(D–10a.e.)
, а
Z
0
-
displacement caused by real speed of movement of a source of radiation, at
D
=
D
0
.
Fig. 9.
Braking
«pioneer 10, 11"
with abnormal acceleration
-
а
р
. This
acceleration is calculated precision by measurement of displacement of frequency of a
signal from a space vehicle - Z
.
We look as:
John D. Anderson, et al. arXiv: gr-qc/0104064
v4 11 Apr 2002.
And if to neglect the contribution Ana galactic of red displacement, which on
distances pc small size, at movement of a source of radiation (
pioneer 10,11
) in a
field of a star the Sun, the radial displacement Doppler’s - Zp to be obliged equal (10). And
is real (
fig. 5
), parameter of braking a constant - q
p
, that specifies the virtual
mechanism of formation of displacement - Zp,
similar to external area! Let's formulate a consequence, at calculation of real beam speed of star objects, in
near space r<4pc
, it is necessary to subtract virtual speed (12). And for distances r > 4pc
the virtual beam speed, is determined by the law Хаббла Zv =q*r
! Conclusion U. The abnormal violet acceleration
emr
, in a field of a star
G2V
, is observed up to 10 a.e
., and from belts (zone) Asteroids the violet
displacement is small size
~0
!
10. Law Hubble and gravitational weight Photons.
Thus, the analysis given to observant Astronomy, mechanism of complete
displacement emr
from a star, unequivocally specifies as dynamic properties of all
parameters Photons - с
=
λ
*
w
,
and on virtual character red Ana galactic of spectral
displacement, which is caused by delay of speed of distribution emr
of a star (including)!
For this reason, the law Hubble defines (determines) not expansion of the universe,
concerning the observer, and delay of speed ЭМИ of a star and the spectral displacement,
that in aggregate results in loss of speed emr
~74 km/sec
on 1мпс of a way Photons!
And the increase "constant" Hubble H
0
=
q
*
c
is compensated by increase of speed
фотонов and spectral displacement, in the removed time, and consequently, parameter of
braking emr
from a star q - constant! On the other hand, the analysis of displacement of frequency and length of wave
ЭМИ from remote quasars specifies in other nature of extragalactic red displacement and
consequently we will offer the universal form of postulate ВКС
- from the Universe birth
started process of transformation of gravitational weight in radiation, as conducts to
entropy growth, on a current of world time. And increase of entropy of the Universe
unequivocally leads to growth of entropy emr
that means reduction of accessible energy of
a photon as a result of its transfer from a source to the detector, therefore, growth of
entropy of the Universe and leads to red extragalactic displacement of energy of the photon
measured already experimentally! Further, as is established above, a major factor at transformation of parameters
emr
are interaction photons with gravitational fields, both source of radiation, and star of
the observer, and as Ana galactic red displacement caused by issue of gravitational weight
from the universe. If these statements are correct, Photons with higher frequency, and,
hence, and greater weight, should lose more energy, at braking by a field of gravitation,
than Photons with smaller frequency, with other things being equal!
Fig. 10.
For the answer to these and other questions we shall consider the rest
supernew E0102-72
[
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
], on radio waves (red color) and in x-ray
beams (dark blue color). It is possible to see, that the submitted forms are similar (dark
blue color, at expansion of the rest, is transformed to red color) and on this property, we
come to a conclusion - radio wave come in system of the observer earlier, than x-ray
beams! And as is established above, red Ana galactic the displacement Photons (red shift) is
a direct consequence as delay of speed фотонов and spectral displacement, and
consequently, Ared
is also function of frequency emr
!
11. Extragalactic red displacement and energy emr
.
For an illustration of an extragalactic inequality dC ≠ 0
and virtual character of the
law of Hubble we will consider supernovae, received name SN 2008iz and which is in limits
of galaxy М82 removed from the Earth on 12 million of light years. Opening was made by
Andreas Brunthaler of institute of radio astronomy of Max Planck. On technology of a
radio interferometry with superlong bases, authors of work have made images of their
interesting area on which the ring-shaped structure extending with speed more of 40
million of km/h is visible. By last estimations, explosion has occurred in the end of January
or the beginning of February, 2008. It is necessary to add that in 2008 galaxy М82 carefully
investigated by means of optical telescopes, but explosion remained not noticed; moreover,
supernovae it is hidden from supervision both in ultra-violet, and in x-ray ranges. But
according to the concept of the Theory of Thrones, and should be. Let's spend an
estimation of time of a delay of arrival of package EMR SN 2008iz in various ranges of
lengths of waves. For this purpose we use the fact that radiation Sn87A, in x-ray area, has
come on telescope Chandra after l of year after fixing in an optical range and consequently,
concerning distances SN2008iz/Sn87A=75 we will receive as a result of Δ
T=37,5 light.
Years. And further, the optical range is roughly in the middle between radio frequency
range and x-ray area and consequently, we have as a result time of fixing SN 2008iz in
visible a spectrum is a May-July, 2045. And in microwave area (1; 4,5; 8 mm) time of fixing
SN 2008iz will come earlier, it ~ 2025!
The results, received at the analysis, allow to make such conclusions: T. Gravitational weight Photons exists; R. The speed of distribution emr depends and on weight (energy)
Photons; S. Both the radio waves, and microwave radiation of event SN will arrive
in system of the observer earlier, than radiation in a seen spectrum, and in a x-
ray range, later! And these properties have the interesting appendices!
The summary.
Thus, using gravitational properties emr
, it is consecutive and in
complete volume, came to curious and interesting conclusions: 1. Yes, gravitational weight Photons
emr
exists, but it is much less, before
assumed (prospective) - E=mc
2
; 2. The issue of gravitational weight of the universe, in radiant
energy, is
the reason of occurrence of linear gravitational potential of braking, as results
as in delay of speed of distribution photons, and red Ana galactic to
displacement emr
. 3. And the speed of distribution emr
depends and on weight (energy)
photons;
4
. In the removed past of the universe the increase of explosive activity of
formation (education) Sn1a (8), and as formation (education) primary Sn X, at
earlier stage is observed; 5. The established increase in absolute star size of formation Sn1a leads
to updating of the formula of Pogsona to a kind: m=4*log R+5,26 that
essentially increases Universe borders. 6. Spectral extragalactic displacement is connected with distance R
under the law: Log R=1,24*log Z
λ
+ 4,72 that allows to remove a problem of
identification of distances to star objects on the measured size Z
λ
.
7
. Ana galactic
the red displacement of frequency (energy) photons not
linearly also correlates with delay of speed of distribution emr
(7)! 8
. On
to arrow
of world (global) time the processes of aging of the
universe result in a stop of formation (education) Supernova.
9. The analysis spectroscopic and photometric displacement ЭМИ
from a
great bulk of remote galaxies leads to inequality Ze
≠
Z
ω and therefore, we come
to a conclusion about increase of power of transformation of stars in the
remote past of the Universe, that is, Planck's constant not a constant or so -
Zh
≠
0!
07.07.2007.
Rafael
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа