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 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS TO USE IN THE CLASSROOM. Language Activities Tapescripts Wordlists MATRIX - supplementary materials to use in the classroom. Language Activities Exercises, which supplement each unit from the Student's Books for use in class. These activities are only available on this website. Answer key is supplied to all activities. Tapescripts Find here all the tapescripts for the listening activities from Matrix in Word format. You can download these tapescripts and adapt them for your classes as necessary. Wordlists Translated wordlists for all three levels of Matrix. Translations currently available include: French, German, Italian and Slovakian. Matrix Language Activities Extra exercises for each unit of Matrix. The answer key is available for each level. Foundation Unit 1. Daily life, ordinary homes (26 KB PDF) Unit 2. Travel (26 KB PDF) Unit 3. Science and technology - COMING SOON! Unit 4. The Earth and space (22 KB PDF) Unit 5. Families and friends (24 KB PDF) Unit 6. Work and jobs (32 KB PDF) Unit 7. Music (22 KB PDF) Unit 8. It's a challenge (24 KB PDF) Unit 9. Sport (32 KB PDF) Unit 10. Off to see the world ahead (24 KB PDF) Answer key (16 KB PDF) Pre-Intermediate Unit 1. Communication (52 KB PDF) Unit 2. The big time (25 KB PDF) Unit 3. Home and family (31 KB PDF) Unit 4. Body and soul (29 KB PDF) Unit 5. The world ahead (87 KB PDF) Unit 6. New horizons (29 KB PDF) Unit 7. A sporting life (41 KB PDF) Unit 8. Strange but true (29 KB PDF) Unit 9. Times of change (38 KB PDF) Unit 10. Off to see the world ahead (31 KB PDF) Answer key (29 KB PDF) Intermediate Unit 1. In the mind's eye (33 KB PDF) Unit 2. A sense of identity (40 KB PDF) Unit 3. Times past (28 KB PDF) Unit 4. Small beginnings (54 KB PDF) Unit 5. Fame and fortune (30 KB PDF) Unit 6. Taking risks (29 KB PDF) Unit 7. Means of communication (31 KB PDF) Unit 8. What if...? (35 KB PDF) Unit 9. Travellers' tales (30 KB PDF) Unit 10. The right choice (32 KB PDF) Answer key (26 KB PDF) Upper-Intermediate Unit 1. Powerful images (33 KB PDF) Unit 2. Natural reactions (30 KB PDF) Unit 3. Media matters (28 KB PDF) Unit 4. A helping hands (33 KB PDF) Unit 5. Success stories (30 KB PDF) Unit 6. Mystery and imagination (29 KB PDF) Unit 7. Let's unwind (29 KB PDF) Unit 8. The way ahead (28 KB PDF) Unit 9. Wisdom and knowledge (30 KB PDF) Unit 10. Divided loyalties (31 KB PDF) Answer key (29 KB PDF) Pre-Intermediate Unit 1. Communication Unit 2. The big time Unit 3. Home and family Unit 4. Body and soul Unit 5. The world ahead Unit 6. New horizons Unit 7. A sporting life Unit 8. Strange but true Unit 9. Times of change Unit 10. Off to see the world ahead Answer key Focus
Present simple and present continuous
The Questions Game
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 1
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Complete the dialogues using the verbs in brackets in the present simple or present continuous.
On the telephone
Jamie:Hey, Dan – 1
(you / like) tennis?
Dan:Yes, I do.
Jamie:Great! 2
(you / want) to play a game?
Dan:What, now?
Jamie:Yes – come on! It 3
(be) a lovely day, the sun 4
(shine) …
Dan:Sorry, Jamie, but I 5
(not can). Jamie:Why? What 6
(you / do)?
Dan:I 7
(watch) TV.
Jamie:You 8
(be) so lazy sometimes, Dan!
Dan:Perhaps, but you 9
(not know) what I’m watching.
Jamie:A film? A quiz show?
Dan:No, I 10
(not watch) anything like that. I 11
(watch) a tennis match! Yes, I 12
(like) tennis – but I 13
(mean) I 14
(like) watching it, not playing it! a Play the game in groups of 2–4. You need a dice and a counter each (you could use a small personal object). You also need to cut out all the cards. b Put the cards in a pile, face down. Roll the dice. The person with the highest number goes first. c When you land on a square with an instruction, do what it says. When you land on a ? square, the person on your left picks up a card and asks you a question. He/she can ask any question using the word(s) on the card, but the question must be in the present
simple or continuous.
The card says:write
Example questions:
Are you writing something now? (No, I’m not.)
Do you often write letters? (Yes, I do. I write to my cousin each week.)
Do you like writing? (Yes, I want to be a writer when I get older.)
Do you want to write a book about me?(No, thank you!)
What do you write about in your diary? (Nothing – I haven’t got a diary.)
If the person on your left can’t think of a question,
you move forward one.
If you can’t answer the question, you move back
If you’re not sure if the question and/or answer are
correct, check with your teacher.
The winner is the first person to reach the end.
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 1
The Questions Game
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 1
speak want eat
dentist pet Maths
tennis English swimming
sister father football
ballet films TV
the Internet
? Cards
a Work with a partner. Write the rest of the story. Include all or some of these verbs:
• say
• tell •
shout •
dance •
cry •
ask •
walk •
run •
jump •
find •
see •
take •
love •
b Tell your stories to the rest of the class.
c If you have time, write out the dialogue between Davina and Jack and continue it. Act out your scenes for the rest of the class.
Complete the story using the verbs in brackets in the past simple or past continuous.
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 2
Davina 1
(walk) quietly into Jack’s study and
(shut) the door behind her. She 3
want) Jack to find her there. Suddenly she 4
(see) a man’s
reflection in the big mirror over the fireplace. It 5
Jack! He 6
(stand) very still, and he 7
(look) straight at her. Then Davina 8
(scream) – Jack
(hold) a gun in his hand! She 10
and 11
(try) to run out of the room, but Jack
(be) quicker than her. He 13
(shoot) just
above her head, at the door, and she 14
(stop), terrified.
‘So, Davina,’ said Jack, smiling. ‘What 15
(you / look for) in
my study, eh?’
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 2
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Past simple and past continuous
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 3
1 Complete the sentences. Use the information about the
students’ heights and the adjectives in brackets.
Student Height
Tim 1.90m
Alice 1.63m
Joe 1.48m
Alice is taller than Joe. (tall)
1 Tim Alice. (tall)
2 Alice Tim. (tall)
3 Joe Alice. (short)
4 Joe (short)
5 Tim (tall)
2 Rewrite the sentences so they mean the opposite. More
than one answer may be possible.
1 This is the most expensive district in town.
This is .
2 That’s the worst car on the road!
That’s .
3 A beach holiday is more relaxing than an adventure
A beach holiday .
4 A cat isn’t as friendly as a dog.
A cat .
5 Going to the gym is better for you than going to see a film.
Going to the gym .
6 Flats are easier to clean than houses.
Flats .
Work in pairs. You are going on holiday with a friend, and
you have a lot of decisions to make. But can you agree
with each other?
a Look at ‘Your Decisions’. These are the things you have
to decide.
b In your notebooks, write down your ideas for each
c Discuss each thing with your partner, and decide what
is the best thing to do.
Use comparatives and superlatives to persuade your
partner that you are right!
Example language better / best
worse / worst
exciting / more or less exciting
sensible / more or less sensible
expensive / more or less expensive
Your Decisions
1 Where do you want to go for your holiday?
2 What sort of holiday do you want? (e.g. beach,
adventure, culture, city, country)
3 What sort of place do you want to stay in? (e.g.
hotel, youth hostel, tent, guest house)
4 How are you going to get there?
5 You both want to try a new sport, but which sport
are you going to try?
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 3
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Comparatives and superlatives
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 4
Write sentences using the prompts and the present perfect. Note: Remember that we say ‘I’ve been to’ when we are talking about going somewhere and coming back. (e.g. I’ve been to France, but I’ve never been to Italy.)
1 I / just / drive / a car / for the first time in my life
2 they / not see / Independence Day/ yet
3 I / never / play / the piano
4 she / already / (go and come back) / to America / three times
5 you / ever / eat / octopus?
6 we / live / in Australia / for three years now
7 he / live / in England / since he was a baby
8 she / learn / to swim / yet?
a Work with a partner. In your notebook, write a list of
10 experiences to ask people in your class about. For
Have you ever …
… been to France?
… been to Australia?
… been a vegetarian?
… lived in a foreign country?
… been on TV?
b Interview one half of the class each. Write down the
names of any pupils who have had any of the
experiences you chose.
c Tell your partner what you’ve found out. Example
Alice, Peter and Tim have been to France, but nobody’s
been on TV.
d As a class, create a list of all the experiences and vote
for whose is the most unusual. Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 4
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present perfect
Find someone who …
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 5
Complete the dialogues using the verbs in brackets in the most appropriate future form. More than one answer may be possible.
Sam:Are you doing anything this evening, Emily?
Emily:Yes – I 1
(go) round to Anna’s house.
Anna:Oh no – I’ve left my homework at home!
Ben:What 2
(you / do)? 3
(you / go) home and get it? Mr Jones 4
(be) really angry with you if you haven’t got it,
you know …
Tim:What time 5
(we / play) tennis this afternoon?
Jo:I’m not sure. Sally 6
(call) me when she knows what time they can come.
Mark:Do you think Dad 7
(let) me go to Tim’s party, Mum?
Mum:I suppose so, if you 8
(be) back too late.
It’s the school holidays and you want to spend some time
with your friends next week, but you need to check in your
diary whether you are free. a Take a blank ‘diary’ sheet for next week. Leave six
spaces blank and then fill all the other mornings,
afternoons and evenings with different activities. Use
List A for ideas if you want, or use your own ideas.
b Decide what you want to invite a friend to do with you.
Use List B for ideas if you want, or use your own ideas.
Ask as many students as you have to until you find
somebody who can come with you.
Look at these examples to help you:
A:Would you like to come to the cinema with me on
Friday evening?
B:Sorry, I can’t. I’m having dinner with my parents
then./Yes, I’d love to.
c Keep asking and answering until you have filled your
six free slots. When you’ve finished, write sentences
about your new arrangements.
On Friday evening, I’m going to the cinema with Dom.
We’re seeing the new Star Wars film.
On Saturday afternoon, I’m …
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 5
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Future forms – will, going to and present continuous
Sorry, I can’t – I’m washing my hair!
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 5
List A: what you’re doing
playing tennis
going to the gym
going swimming playing football
going for a pizza with friends
going to the cinema
going ice-skating staying in and watching tv
babysitting your little sister/brother
helping your mother/father
playing hockey
doing your holiday homework
having your hair cut
going shopping
having a private lesson
practising the piano
cooking a meal for friends
List B: invitations
have lunch / dinner / a pizza
come swimming with me
come to the gym with me
come round to my house
come to the cinema with me
come to the theatre with me
come to a concert with me
come to a party with me
go for a walk with me
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 5
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 6
a Match questions 1–6 with their answers in a–g and explain why you chose your answers. You won’t need one of the answers in a–g.
1 Why is Tim so cold?
2 Why is Dominick so hungry?
3 Why is Alastair all wet?
4 Why is Dad so angry?
5 Why is Nick so tired?
6 Why is Paul so hot?
a He’s been washing the car.
b He’s been playing football all afternoon.
c He’s been reading a book.
d He’s been waiting for you to come home since 9pm.
e He’s been sitting by the fire for hours.
f He’s been waiting for ages in the snow for a bus.
g He’s been working all day and hasn’t had any lunch.
a Complete a ‘Fact sheet’ about yourself.
b Ask and answer with a partner about your lives. For
What town do you live in?
In London.
How long have you been living there?
Since 1995 / For 8 years.
Which street do you live on?
Station Road.
How long have you been living there?
Since 2000. / For 3 years.
Take notes on your partner’s answers.
c Write about your partner, using your notes.
What town do you live in?
Which street do you live on?
Which school do you go to?
Are you studying any languages?
Do you have private lessons in any subjects?
Are you learning any musical instruments?
What sports do you play regularly?
Do you write to anyone regularly?
Do you keep a diary?
Do you work anywhere?
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 6
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present perfect continuous
How long have you been …?
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 7
Write sentences using the notes and the word(s) in brackets. Put one verb into the past perfect, and one into the past simple. Note: Remember that the action which happened first goes in the past perfect.
1 the bus break down / Tara be late for school (because)
2 Jim already have an argument with Sue / I arrive at the party (when)
3 burglars already escape / the police arrive (when)
4 my friends already leave / my parents get home (when)
5 he break his leg / Alex not can play football (because
6 I leave my door key at school / I get home, I find (when)
7 my dad forget to say ‘happy birthday’ to her / my mum was angry (because)
8 he miss his favourite programme on TV / my brother was upset (because)
‘Pelmanism’ is a card game. There are 36 cards, which
show 18 pairs. In ‘Past Perfect Pelmanism’, the pairs are
all two parts of a past perfect sentence.
Card A:I was nervous before the flight Card B:I hadn’t flown before
Sentence:I was nervous before the flight because I hadn’t flown before.
The aim of the game is to collect as many pairs as possible.
a Play with a partner. Lay out all the cards face down in
a square pattern. b Take it in turns to turn over 2 cards. Rules:
When you turn over 2 cards, if they are a pair, you
must say the full sentence and then you can keep
the cards. Take them out of the square and keep
them next to you.
If you turn over 2 cards that aren’t a pair, you must
turn them face down again and it is the other
person’s go. Try to remember what cards you saw!
The game finishes when all the cards have been
turned over. Count up how many pairs you’ve got.
The winner is the one with the most pairs.
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 7
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Past perfect
Past Perfect Pelmanism
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 7
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 7
I was nervous before
the flight
She was hungry He was tired all day
I hadn’t flown before
she hadn’t eaten for hours
he hadn’t slept well
the night before
I was upset She was worried He was wet
my cat had died
she hadn’t revised for
her exams
he’d got caught in
the rain
I was tired all day She was happy We were late
I hadn’t slept well the night before
she’d won the lottery
we hadn’t been able
to get a taxi
Past Perfect Pelmanism Cards
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 7
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 7
They arrived late
My sister was horrible
to me last week
John didn’t want to
go to school
they’d missed their
I’d lost her best CD
he had not done any
of his homework
Melanie bought a
new computer
Patrick wanted to go
to the theatre
They switched off the TV
her old one had
blown up
he’d heard there was
a good play on
they had watched
enough for one evening
My sister was very
nice to me last week
We were tired
He was unable to get into the house
she’d lost my best CD
we had been up all night
playing computer games
he had left his keys in his desk drawer
Past Perfect Pelmanism Cards
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 8
Look at each set of notes. Decide if the situation is real, or imaginary. If it is real, make the notes into a first conditional sentence. If it is imaginary, make the notes into a second conditional sentence.
1 Adam not call me tonight / I never speak to him again
2 my brother win the lottery / buy a bright red Ferrari
3 my parents not let me go out tonight / I cry
4 I can live wherever I want / I live in Australia
5 Sam get into the hockey team / he be really happy
6 Katie not come first in the exams / she be really miserable
7 we not have to go to school / we be able to do what we like all day
8 I be still ill tomorrow / I not go to school
Work in pairs. Imagine that the two of you are going to travel round the
world after you’ve left school. You want to find another pair to come with
you. You need to find out how people would behave in different situations,
so that you can choose the best companions for your trip. a Write a list of 10 questions about the trip.
If we had to sleep in the jungle, would you mind?
If we lost all our luggage, what would you do?
b Interview other pairs and make notes of their answers.
c Discuss the results with your partner. Who do you think would be the
best pair to take with you and why?
d Compare your decisions with the rest of the class.
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 8
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
First and second conditionals
Find some travelling companions!
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 9
Rewrite these sentences in the passive form.
1 J.K. Rowling wrote the Harry Potter books.
2 Steven Spielberg directed A.I..
3 People grow coffee in South America.
4 Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa.
5 Somebody invented the television in the 20th century.
6 William Shakespeare wrote some of the most famous plays in the world.
7 People celebrate Christmas more than Easter in Britain.
8 An iceberg sunk the Titanic. .
Work in groups. Look at the ‘Millionaire questions’ sheet. You are
going to write ten general knowledge questions and then test another
group. Each question is worth some money. If the others answer all the questions right, they ‘win’ £1 million! The first two have been done for you.
a Fill in the ‘Millionaire questions’ sheet. Each question must contain
the passive form. Write three possible answers for your friends to
choose from.
Where is a lot of tea grown?
A England B India C Alaska
b Take it in turns to play the game with different groups. Then count
up how much money you’ve won!
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 9
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
The Passive
Quiz Show!
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 9
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 9
Where was Mozart born Zürich Salzburg Bonn
When were the first modern Olympic games held
1912 1896 1880
For £1,000
For £2,000
For £5,000
For £10,000
For £25,000
For £50,000
For £100,000
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For £500,000
For £1,000,000!
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Matrix Pre-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 10
Report the following things that people said. Remember to change the tenses of any verbs, and any personal pronouns. Use either ‘said’ or ‘asked’ for each sentence.
1 Angela:I’m going swimming later.
2 Tim:I don’t like playing computer games.
3 Anna:Where is my hat?
4 Emma:I want to see that new film.
5 Tom:I have to do my homework, or Mr Smith will be angry!
6 Bart:Can I ask you something, Lisa?
7 Bridget:My parents wanted me to stay at home.
8 Sarah:What time are you going out, Mum?
a Work with a partner. Ask them what they did last
weekend, and what they’re going to do this weekend.
Make notes of their answers.
b Swap partners. Report what your partner said they’d
done last weekend and what they said they were doing
this weekend to your new partner.
c Swap partners again and do the exercise again.
d When you have interviewed at least 3 people, write
down what you have found out.
Kate said that last weekend she’d done a lot of homework,
and that this weekend she was going to do a lot more
Tom said that last weekend he’d been to three parties and
played football. He said that this weekend he was going to
celebrate his birthday and have a rest.
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Unit 10
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Reported speech
What did they say …?
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Answer Key Units 1–10
Unit 1
1 do you like 8 are
2 do you want 9 don’t know
3 is 10 am/’m not watching
4 is shining 11 am/’m watching
5 can’t 12 like
6 are you doing 13 mean
7 am/’m watching 14 like
Unit 2
1 walked 9 was holding
2 shut 10 turned
3 didn’t want 11 tried
4 saw 12 was
5 was 13 shot
6 was standing 14 stopped
7 was looking 15 were you looking for
8 screamed
Unit 3
1 Tim is taller than Alice.
2 Alice isn’t as tall as Tim.
3 Joe is shorter than Alice.
4 Joe is the shortest.
5 Tim is the tallest.
1 This is the least expensive / cheapest district in town.
2 That’s the best car on the road!
3 A beach holiday isn’t as relaxing as / is more stressful/tiring than
an adventure holiday.
4 A cat is friendlier than a dog.
5 Going to the gym is worse for you than / not as good for you as
going to see a film.
6 Flats aren’t as easy to clean as / are harder to clean than houses.
Unit 4
1 I’ve just driven a car for the first time in my life.
2 They haven’t seen Independence Day yet.
3 I’ve never played the piano.
4 She’s already been to America three times.
5 Have you ever eaten octopus?
6 We’ve lived in Australia for three years now.
7 He’s lived in England since he was a baby.
8 Has she learned to swim yet?
Unit 5
1 am/’m going / am/’m going to go
2 are you going to do
3 Are you going to go
4 will / is/’s going to be
5 are we playing
6 is/’s going to call / is/’s calling
7 will let / is/’s going to let
8 won’t be / aren’t going to be
Unit 6
1 – f 2 – g 3 – a 4 – d 5 – b 6 – e
Unit 7
1 Tara was late for school because the bus had broken down.
2 When I arrived at the party, Jim had already had an argument with Sue.
3 When the police arrived, the burglars had already escaped.
4 When my parents got home, my friends had already left.
5 Alex couldn’t play football because he’d broken his leg.
6 When I got home, I found (that) I’d left my door key at school.
7 My mum was angry because my dad had forgotten to say ‘happy birthday’ to her.
8 My brother was upset because he’d missed his favourite programme on TV.
Unit 8
1 If Adam doesn’t call me tonight, I’ll never speak to him again.
2 If my brother won the lottery, he’d buy a bright red Ferrari.
3 If my parents don’t let me go out tonight, I’ll cry.
4 If I could live wherever I wanted, I’d live in Australia.
5 If Sam gets into the hockey team, he’ll be really happy.
6 If Katie doesn’t come first in the exams, she’ll be really miserable.
7 If we didn’t have to go to school, we’d be able to do what we liked all day.
8 If I’m still ill tomorrow, I won’t go to school.
Unit 9
1 The Harry Potter books were written by J.K. Rowling.
2 A.I.was directed by Steven Spielberg.
3 Coffee is grown in South America.
4 The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.
5 The television was invented in the 20th century.
6 Some of the most famous plays in the world were written by William Shakespeare.
7 Christmas is celebrated more than Easter in Britain.
8 The Titanic was sunk by an iceberg.
1 Salzburg
2 1896
Unit 10
1 Angela said (that) she was going swimming later.
2 Tim said (that) he didn’t like playing computer games. 3 Anna asked where her hat was.
4 Emma said (that) she wanted to see that new film.
5 Tom said (that) he had to do his homework, or Mr Smith would be angry.
6 Bart asked Lisa if he could ask her something.
7 Bridget said (that) her parents had wanted her to stay at home.
8 Sarah asked what time her mum was going out. / Sarah asked her mum what time she was going out.
Matrix Pre-Intermediate Answer Key Units 1–10
© Oxford University Press
Intermediate Unit 1. In the mind's eye Unit 2. A sense of identity Unit 3. Times past Unit 4. Small beginnings Unit 5. Fame and fortune Unit 6. Taking risks Unit 7. Means of communication Unit 8. What if...? Unit 9. Travellers' tales Unit 10. The right choice Answer key Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
Complete the dialogue with words from the box. You don’t need one of the words.
• have to • must • might • can’t • don’t have to • must • might
• can’t • mustn’t • have to • may • have to • can • can’t
Lara:Hi, Mel! Are you coming out tonight, or do you 1
stay in and work?
Mel:Oh, I’d love to come, but I really 2
stay in and finish this project for school.
Lara:That’s a pity, because Nick 3
be coming along.
Mel:Really? Lara:Well, the only problem is that he 4
babysit his little brother.
his sister do it?
Lara:That’s what Nick was hoping! But she’s twisted her ankle, and the doctor said she
move it too much. [Nick comes up to the girls.] Oh, hi, Nick! What about
tonight? 7
you come?
Nick:Well, my parents aren’t going out after all, so I 8
Lara:That’s great! But poor Mel 9
Mel:Actually … I don’t really 10
work. I’ll come!
Nick:Wow – you 11
be doing well with your project. I still haven’t finished mine, so I 12
come out tonight anyhow. Sorry!
Matrix Intermediate Unit 1
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Mixed Modals
Home swap!
You are going to find out about the rules and regulations in other students’ homes, and
decide if you would swap your home for theirs.
a Look at the ‘Home Rules’ sheet. Read it and tick/cross each thing according to the
rules in your own home. Add any other things you have to, can or can’t do at the end.
b Now talk to as many other students as you can. Ask them about the things on the list,
and answer their questions about your home. Give plenty of information. c Now make a decision: if you could swap homes, whose would you choose? (You might prefer to stay in your own home!)
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗
✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ Do you have to … ?
do any cleaning
look after your brothers and sisters
mow the lawn
do your homework before you do anything else in the evenings
be home by a certain time when you go out
look after a pet (feed the cat, walk the dog)
put out the rubbish
do the washing up
Is there anything else you have to do?
Can you … ?
go out any night of the week
have friends round whenever you want
have a TV in your bedroom
play music whenever you want
play music as loud as you want
miss family meals if you don’t feel like joining in
use the telephone whenever you want, for as long as you want
let your room get as messy as you like
Is there anything else you can or can’t do?
Matrix Intermediate Unit 1
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 2
Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the present simple, present continuous, or present perfect.
1 People who say they (not need) their friends are lying.
2 What (you / think) of Kate’s new boyfriend?
3 I (argue) with my best friend quite a lot, actually.
4 I (usually / feel) really happy when I’m with my friends.
5 We (not / seen) each other for ages.
6 Lucy (have) a bad time at home at the moment.
7 We all (go out) together once a week.
8 How much (you / depend) on your friends?
9 I (make) a lot of new friends since I ____________ (move) here.
10 I (depend) on you to help me! Please say you will.
11 Tom (seem) a bit quiet at the moment.
12 (she / want) to come with us to the party tonight?
a Complete the questionnaire about being a friend, and read what sort of friend you are. Do you agree with your result?
b Work with a partner. Tell them about:
something you always do with your friends
the best place you’ve ever been with friends
something you’re doing today, or this week, with a friend
the best surprise you’ve ever organised for a friend
Matrix Intermediate Unit 2
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present time
Are you a good friend?
I have lots of friends.
A Yes.I like to be friends with everyone.
B Quite a few – but not too many.
C Only a few special ones.
I return my friends’ phone calls.
A Yes,always – straight away.
B Usually,but sometimes I forget.
C Never.I just wait until I see them.
I get angry if my friends don’t return my calls.
A No.I understand.They were probably
B I don’t mind if they don’t reply sometimes
(but not all the time).
C Of course I do! If I’ve called them,they
should call me back!
If my friends want to go out and I don’t,
I still go.
A Yes,of course.I always want to go out
with my friends.
B It depends what I’m doing.
Absolutely not! They’ll be OK on their own.
I remember to ask my friends about how they’re feeling.
A All the time – I’m always listening to their
problems.That’s what I’m here for!
B Most of the time.
C No way! I’ve got better things to do than
listen to them.
I talk about my friends behind their backs.
A Never.
B Well,maybe a tiny bit,sometimes …
C All the time! And I’m really mean about them …
I expect my friends to tell me the truth.
A Only if they think it’s good for me.
B Yes,even if it hurts.
C What about?
Mainly As
You are a wonderful friend - but perhaps you’re
too good! You want everybody to like you,so
you always put your friends first.That’s fine if
they’re always as nice to you,but some people
might take advantage of your natural kindness.
Make sure you choose your friends carefully –
don’t get hurt.
Mainly Bs
You’re a good friend,but you still have your own life.You respect and value friendship,but
you usually make your own decisions.You’re very honest,and expect your friends to be
honest,too.Make sure you tell friends how much you need them sometimes,though,so that when you’re being independent,they don’t
think you’re being cold.
Mainly Cs
Oh dear.Have you really got any friends? If you
have,they’re probably just like you! You don’t
give a lot to your friends – although you do still
need them.You don’t often tell or show them
how much they mean to you,and you can be
quite selfish.Perhaps you should be a bit nicer
to them.After all,you like them really - don’t
Are you a good friend?
Read the statements and tick A,B or C.
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 3
Complete the dialogue with the verbs in brackets in the past simple or past continuous. One of
the gaps could be filled with either tense.
Bella:You won’t believe what 1
(happen) to me yesterday!
Bella:Something wonderful! You know that I 2
(want) to go to that Rolling
Stones concert, but I 3
(not can) go because I 4
(not have)
enough money? Josh:Yes … Bella:Well, when I 5
(get) home, Mum and I 6
(have) a big
argument about it. She 7
(shout) so loud that Dad 8
to see what 9
(happen). I 10
(run) off to my room. While I
(lie) on my bed, crying, I suddenly 12
(hear) the Rolling
Stones. Dad 13
(play) it downstairs! He 14
(come) upstairs
and 15
(tell) me that they 16
(be) his favourite band, too. He
(pay) for my ticket!
Josh:And how was the concert?
Bella:It 18
(be) the best concert I’ve ever been to. My Dad 19
(enjoy) it too!
Imagine that it is your 50th birthday this year, and you are very famous. You are going to be interviewed on television.
a Decide what sort of famous person you want to be (eg, a film or pop star, a scientist, a politician, a TV presenter) and tell your partner. Now invent your life up to the age of 50. Write notes on as many events and details as
you can in 5 minutes. b Look at the information your partner has given you about their job and
think of 10 questions to ask them. c Take it in turns to be the interviewer, and interview your partner using the
questions you have prepared. For example:
A:So, you have been at the National Opera for 30 years now, and you are very successful; can you tell me what you were doing before you became a singer?
B:Well, I wanted to be a singer, but it was hard to find work. I was working in
an office during the week and singing in bars at the weekend. Matrix Intermediate Unit 3
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Past simple and continuous
This is your life
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 4
Complete the dialogues with the verbs in brackets in a suitable future form. More than one
answer may be possible. 1 ❍ Ow! I’ve cut my finger!
Just a second – I (get) you a plaster.
2 ❍ Where (you / go) with Jack on Saturday night?
Nowhere! He can’t make it, so I (stay) at home.
3 ❍ Tim, it’s 5:10 and I think we (miss) our train!
But we’ve got lots of time – it (leave) at 5:30, doesn’t it?
❍ No! 5:13!
4 ❍ Do you think it (snow) tomorrow?
I hope so. Then we can go skiing.
5 ❍ Could you walk the dog for me? I know it’s my turn, but I’m too tired.
Yes, of course – I (take) him now. And I hope you
(not / watch) TV till midnight again tonight – go to bed early!
a Play the game in groups of 2–4. You’ll need a dice and
a counter each (you could use a small personal object).
You’ll also need to cut out all the cards. On the back of
each one, write its type:?!
b Put the cards into 2 type piles, face down. Roll the dice.
The person with the highest number goes first. c When you land on a square with that type shown, the
person on your left picks up a type card and reads what
it says.
?cards These cards have a question. You have to respond. Examples
❍Are you doing anything tomorrow night?
No, I’m staying at home and doing my homework. / Yes, I’m going out.
❍Would you like to come to the cinema on Friday?
Yes, I’d love to. / No, sorry, I can’t – I’m going out with Sarah.
!cards These cards have a sudden event or situation.
You have to react.
❍It’s too hot in here.
I’ll open a window.
❍You’ve missed your train and it’s raining. I’ll phone my brother to come and get me.
d The winner is the first person to reach the end.
Matrix Intermediate Unit 4
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Future forms
Play the ‘Choices’ game
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 4
Matrix Intermediate Unit 4
The Choices Game
Are you doing anything
after school today?
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 4
Matrix Intermediate Unit 4
Are you doing anything
next Saturday?
Are you doing anything
tomorrow lunchtime?
Are you going anywhere
in the holidays?
Are you going to any
parties this month?
Would you like to play
tennis next Tuesday?
Would you like to come
to Africa with me in
Would you like to go to a
concert with me next
Would you like to have
lunch with me
Would you like to come
round for dinner next
You’ve just ordered a coffee
and you discover you’ve
got no money on you.
Your mobile phone’s
ringing in church.
You’ve spilt Coca Cola on
your friend’s parents’
white sofa.
You’ve woken up late and
you’re late for school.
You’ve just realised
you’ve forgotten your
grandma’s birthday.
You have just spotted
your favourite film star in a café.
It’s raining and you
suddenly realise you don’t
want to go to your games
lesson this afternoon.
You’ve just lost your
mobile phone.
? and ! Cards
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 5
1 Underline the correct words.
1 Charlotte was late for school today. She must have/ should have overslept.
2 Ben is very happy today, he can’t have/ must have done well in his exams.
3 That’s awful, Milly! I’m so sorry. You must have/ can’t have been feeling really miserable.
4 You must have/ should have called me last night – I wouldn’t have minded.
5 You really ought to have/ can’t have told me about this earlier, you know.
6 Surely you can’t have/ mustn’t have thought that would be a good idea?
2 Complete the sentences with an appropriate modal verb. More than one answer may be possible.
1 I don’t think you have done that, really. 2 I think you try talking to him about it.
3 You get angry about it – that won’t help the situation.
4 You tell her the truth – it’s the only way.
5 You feel bad – it’s not your fault. 6 You work all the time, but you do more than
you’re doing at the moment.
You are going to help solve your friends’ problems and change their lives. a Write down up to five problems that you feel you have in your life. You can invent them if you want.
b Work in groups. Tell the group about your problems, and listen to their advice. Ask them about their problems, and give your advice. Try to be as sensitive as possible!
I’m not happy with the way I look.You could …
You might want to …
Perhaps you ought to …
Have you thought about …?
I think you should …
c Now decide whose advice (if anybody’s) you think you might take. Who
was the best agony aunt in your group?
Matrix Intermediate Unit 5
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
(1) Logical conclusions about the past (2) Obligation and necessity
Agony aunts
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 6
1 Some of these sentences need to be completed with a pronoun. Add appropriate pronouns
as necessary.
1 Close Encounters of the Third Kind is a film explores the idea of alien life.
2 Jane took us to the place she thought she’d seen a space ship.
3 This is the US pilot was ordered to shoot down possible UFOs in the 1950s.
4 I met a woman son thought he’d been abducted by aliens.
5 The report they published said there was no chance of life on other planets.
2 Combine the facts into one sentence, using an appropriate clause.
1 Has anyone really been taken away by aliens? We can’t be sure.
2 Will we ever find life on another planet? We don’t know.
3 Did UFOs really fly over the USA in the 1950s? The authorities won’t say. 4 Which planets could aliens live on? Nobody is 100% sure.
5 Is there a secret programme to find alien life? We don’t know.
6 How could we travel at the speed of light? Nobody understands yet.
Work with a partner. Student A: You are sure you saw a UFO recently.
Student B: You are a journalist who wants to interview Student A about what he/she saw.
a Student A: Make notes on what you think happened. Student B: Make notes on the questions you’re going to ask.
b Student B interviews Student A. This language may help you:
The alien I saw was … Are you sure what you saw was a real …?
The space ship I saw was … Are you sure what you heard was really a …?
I didn’t see what/how/who … Can you explain what/why/how …?
I don’t know where/what/how/why … Do you know where/what/how/why …?
I don’t understand what/why/how … Did you see what/who/where/how …?
c Swap roles and do the exercise again.
Matrix Intermediate Unit 6
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
(1) Relative clauses (2) Embedded questions
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 7
1 Complete the following sentences using the prompts in brackets.
1 Be careful – the coffee’s very hot – I (just / make) it.
2 (she / ever / talk) about me to you?
3 Ouch! The puppy (just / bite) my finger!
4 (you / ever / eat) frogs’ legs?
5 I (not see / him / yet) this morning – perhaps he’s still in bed.
6 We (just / hear) you’re moving house – where to?
7 They (not arrive / yet) – I hope they’ll be here soon.
8 I can’t believe you (never / see) Star Wars!
2 Complete the sentences with either ‘been’ or ‘gone’.
1 I’ve never to France, but I’d love to go one day.
2 Sorry, you’ve just missed her – she’s already .
3 Have you ever to Uruguay?
4 I’ve never to Tokyo, but I’d like to go.
5 Bella isn’t here – she’s to Istanbul for the weekend.
a Look at the list and tick all the things you’ve already done.
go to a foreign country
eat snails
win a prize for something
stay in hospital
go to a pop concert
go to a football match
meet a famous person
be on the radio or tv
b Talk to another student. Take it in turns to guess if
your partner has or hasn’t done the things on the list,
then find out about each other’s experiences.
I think you’ve … Yes, I have …
I don’t think you’ve … No, I haven’t / I’ve never …
c Tell somebody else about the student you talked to. Try
to remember what they have and haven’t done.
Catherine’s been on the radio several times, but she’s
never met a famous person.
Matrix Intermediate Unit 7
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present perfect
Have you ever …?
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 8
1 Complete these wishes.
1 I wish I (have / a sports car).
2 I wish I (can / sail round the world).
3 I wish I (not have to / work so hard).
4 I wish I (be / better at Maths).
5 I wish I (not go / to that party tonight).
6 I wish I (eat / less / over Christmas).
7 I wish I (never / meet him).
2 Write sentences about imaginary situations using the notes in brackets.
1 Emma doesn’t like her boss and she’s leaving. (like her boss / not leave)
2 Tim lives in London and travels by Tube. (like her boss / not leave)
3 Anita hasn’t got enough money for a holiday. (enough money / go to Peru)
4 Ben hasn’t got a ticket to the football. (somebody / give him a ticket / cry with joy)
a Imagine that half the class are millionaires, and the
other half would like to be. Students who w
ant to win £1 million
You have to convince the millionaires that you deserve
some of their money, and that you’d do something good
with it. First, think about these questions:
If you had three wishes, what would they be?
I’d wish I was … / I’d wish I could … / I’d wish for …
If you had £1 million, what would you do with it?
I’d …
If you had £1 million spare, and wanted to give it to a
deserving person, who would you give it to? You are
going to ask the other half of the class some questions,
and then decide who you’d give your million to.
If you had three wishes, what would they be?
If I gave you £1 million, what would you do with it?
b The millionaires ask their questions to the other half of
the class. Ask at least four people, and then decide who
you’d give your money to. Tell the class, and explain
why you’ve chosen this person.
I’d give it to Paula, because she wouldn’t spend it all on
herself. I also liked her three wishes – she wished for
world peace, an end to poverty, and that she could travel
round the world.
c Swap roles and do the exercise again.
Matrix Intermediate Unit 8
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
(1) Wishes (2) 2nd conditional
Make a millionaire!
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 9
Underline the correct words.
1 I had been living/was living in Madrid for three weeks when the news of my
mother’s illness was reaching/ reached me.
2 The huge wave seemed/ was seeming about to crash right on top of me – but then,
quite amazingly, it hadn’t/ didn’t.
3 I was taking/ took a deep breath and had jumped/ jumped out of the plane.
4 When the cave suddenly was becoming/ became very dark I was starting/ started to
feel a bit scared.
5 I had felt/ felt very proud when they read/ were reading out my name as a prize-
6 While I opened/ was opening the door, I heard/ had heard a loud bang behind me. 7 I tried to explain to my parents that I had never invited/ never invited the tramp to
our party.
8 I wasn’t realising/ didn’t realise that although I had shut/ shut the door, I hadn’t
locked/ didn’t lock it properly.
a Think about the following experiences in your life:
The best thing that has ever happened to you The most frightening thing that has ever happened to you The funniest thing that has happened ever to you
The most exciting thing that has ever happened to you
b Ask a partner about their extreme experiences, and tell them all about yours.
❍ What’s the most frightening thing that has ever happened to you?
I think it was when I thought a burglar had broken into our house. I was at home alone, because my parents had gone away for the weekend …
c Have a class vote on the most extreme of all the students’ experiences.
Matrix Intermediate Unit 9
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Narrative tenses – past simple, past continuous, past perfect
Extreme experiences
Matrix Intermediate Language Activities Unit 10
1 ‘Alicia goes to visit her grandma every Saturday.’
Tom said .
2 ‘Matt visited the National Gallery last Sunday.’
Tom told me .
3 ‘Actually, I’ve never liked football very much.’
Kate confessed .
4 ‘I don’t think John’s coming to the party next Friday.’
Tom told me .
5 ‘Have you been crying, Mum?’
Kate asked her mum .
6 ‘My mum had a terrible argument with my brother
Kate told Tom .
Rewrite the following sentences as reported by Tom and Kate.
7 ‘Tell me what happened, Kate!’
Tom ordered Kate .
8 ‘Matt was lying about what he did last weekend.’
Kate said .
9 ‘I’d never met Lucy before that party.’
Tom said .
10 ‘Was it very difficult to explain to your parents?’
Kate asked Tom .
11 ‘What are you doing tomorrow lunchtime?’
Tom asked Lucy .
12 ‘How many times have I asked you not to do this?’
Kate asked her brother .
a Imagine one of the following scenes, and write the dialogue for it. Include at least one order and at least two questions.
You had a party in your house without your parents’ permission
while they were away for the night, and your mother’s favourite glass vase got broken by accident. Your parents have just got home
the next morning and you are explaining and apologising.
You went on a date with a new girl/boyfriend last week and now
you’re telling your best friend all about it.
You’ve heard that your girl/boyfriend went to the cinema with
someone else last Friday, and you’re asking them about it.
b Work with a partner. Swap dialogues with him/her. c Now find a different partner and report your first partner’s dialogue to him/her.
Marcus’ mother asked him where her favourite vase was. He told her it was in the kitchen. She asked why he had moved it and he explained that it was broken …
Matrix Intermediate Unit 10
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Reported speech
What did you say?
Matrix Intermediate Answer Key Units 1–10
Unit 1
1 have to 7 Can
2 must 8 don’t have to
3 might/may 9 can’t
4 might/may; have to 10 have to
5 Can’t 11 must
6 mustn’t 12 can’t
Unit 2
1 don’t need 7 go out
2 do you think 8 do you depend
3 argue 9 have/’ve made; moved
4 usually feel 10 am/’m depending
5 haven’t seen 11 seems
6 is/’s having 12 Does she want
Unit 3
1 happened 8 came 14 came
2 wanted 9 was happening 15 told
3 couldn’t 10 ran 16 were
4 didn’t have 11 was lying 17 paid
5 got 12 heard 18 was
6 had 13 was playing 19 enjoyed
7 was shouting / shouted
Unit 4
1 ’ll get 2 are you going / are you going to go; am/’m staying / am/’m going to stay
3 are/’re going to miss; leaves
4 will / is/’s going to snow
5 ’ll take; aren’t going to
Unit 5
1 must have
2 must have
3 must have 4 should have
5 ought to have
6 can’t have
1 should / ought to
2 ought to/ should
3 mustn’t / shouldn’t 4 must / have to / should / ought to
5 mustn’t / shouldn’t 6 don’t have to / needn’t; must / should / ought to Unit 6
1 that / which
2 where
3 who
4 whose
5 no pronoun necessary (that)
1 We can’t be sure if/whether anyone has really been taken away by aliens.
2 We don’t know if/whether we will ever find life on another planet.
3 The authorities won’t say if/whether UFOs really flew over the USA in the
4 Nobody is 100% sure which planets aliens could live on.
5 We don’t know if/whether there is a secret programme to find alien life.
6 Nobody understands yet how we could travel at the speed of light.
Unit 7
1 have/’ve just made 5 haven’t seen him yet
2 Has she ever talked 6 have/’ve just heard
3 has/’s just bitten 7 haven’t arrived yet
4 Have you ever eaten 8 have/’ve never seen
1 been 2 gone 3 been 4 been 5 gone
Unit 8
1 had a sports car
2 could sail round the world
3 didn’t have to work so hard
4 was/were better at Maths
5 wasn’t going to that party tonight
6 had eaten less over Christmas
7 had never met him
1 If Emma liked her boss she wouldn’t be leaving.
2 If Tim lived in the Sahara Desert he’d travel by camel.
3 If Anita had enough money she’d go to Peru.
4 If somebody gave him a ticket he’d cry with joy.
Unit 9
1 had been living; reached
2 seemed; didn’t
3 took; jumped
4 became; started
5 felt; read (were reading is not wrong)
6 was opening; heard
7 had never invited
8 didn’t realise; had shut; hadn’t locked
Unit 10
1 Tom said (that) Alicia went to visit her grandma every Saturday.
2 Tom told me (that) Matt had visited the National Gallery the Sunday
before/the previous Sunday.
3 Kate confessed (that) she’d never (actually) liked football very much.
4 Tom told me (that) he didn’t think John was coming to the party the Friday
after that/the following Friday.
5 Kate asked her mum if/whether she’d been crying.
6 Kate told Tom (that) her mum had had a terrible argument with her brother
the day before/the previous day.
7 Tom ordered Kate to tell him what had happened.
8 Kate said (that) Matt had been lying about what he’d done the weekend
before/the previous weekend.
9 Tom said (that) he’d never met Lucy before that party.
10 Kate asked Tom if/whether it had been very difficult to explain to his parents.
11 Tom asked Lucy what she was doing the following lunchtime.
12 Kate asked her brother how many times she’d asked him not to do that.
Matrix Intermediate Answer Key Units 1–10
© Oxford University Press
Upper-Intermediate Unit 1. Powerful images Unit 2. Natural reactions Unit 3. Media matters Unit 4. A helping hands Unit 5. Success stories Unit 6. Mystery and imagination Unit 7. Let's unwind Unit 8. The way ahead Unit 9. Wisdom and knowledge Unit 10. Divided loyalties Answer key Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
Complete the following dialogue by putting the verbs in brackets into the present perfect
simple, present perfect continuous or past simple. In some cases more than one answer may
be possible.
Alex is at a reunion with some old school friends. He’s talking to Louisa, who he always liked at
Alex:Hi, Louisa. Nice to see you again. Louisa:Oh, hello, Alex! Lovely to see you, too.
Alex:You’re looking great, Louisa. What 1
(you / do) all these years?
Louisa:Well, I 2
(train) as a nurse, but then I 3
into) psychotherapy. I 4
(study) in San Francisco for the past five
years, and I 5
(graduate) just last week. How about you?
Alex:Well, I 6
(join) my father’s law practice, and I 7
(work) there ever since. Louisa:And … 8
(you / miss) me? Alex:Yes, I have. And you?
Louisa:I 9
(never / forgot) the school dance in our last year – you
(ask) me to dance but I 11
(not / can) say
yes, because I 12
(be) too shy. Why don’t you ask me again?
Work in groups of four. You are meeting up with some old
school friends who you haven’t seen for twenty years and
you’ve all got a lot of catching up to do! Each person takes
an information card. Ask your friends about the past
twenty years. Answer your friends’ questions using the
information cards. You can invent more details if your
friends ask you questions that aren’t answered on the
When you’ve finished, discuss and vote on who’s had the
best life so far. If you could swap your last twenty years for
someone else’s, who would you swap with?
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 1
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present perfect and past simple
Friends reunited
Useful Language:
What have you done … since school?
In the last 3 years?
What are your … future plans?
greatest achievements?
happiest memories?
When did you … get married?
graduate from university?
have children?
Where have you … lived?
What are your … hobbies?
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 1
Married:Andrew, a musician, when you were 21
David, a retired brain surgeon, when you
were 30. Divorced.
Brian, a bank manager, when you were
32 You’re still married .
Children:1 son – Jamie (18)
2 daughters – Camilla (9), Natasha (2)
Homes:Prague with Andrew (2 years)
Los Angeles with David (1 year)
London with Brian (you still live here)
In between your marriages, you went
home to Manchester.
Education:Studied hairdressing at a local college.
Left when you were 20.
Started a part-time degree course a year
ago, studying Corporate Law. You’re top
of your class.
Work:Worked as a hairdresser in every place
you’ve lived. Other:Ran in the London Marathon 6 years ago.
Future:Hope to become a lawyer. OLD FRIEND 2: FRANCESCA
Married:Henry, a doctor, when you were 26.
Children:Triplets – Charlie, Caroline and Caitlin
(aged 1)
Homes:London from age 26–30.
Oxford since then (you still live here).
Bought a villa in the south of France two
years ago.
Education:Studied dentistry at Birmingham
Work:Worked as a dentist since graduating.
Health:You are a fitness fanatic, and very
healthy. Other:Published three books on healthy living. Future:Opened your first dental practice four
years ago. Want to expand the business
and set up a new practice in a nearby
Married:Charlotte, a nurse, when you were 23.
Children:1 boy, Alex (12)
Homes:Lived and worked in New Zealand for 3
years after university.
Lived in London for 8 years, but then
moved away from the city
to a remote village in Scotland, where
you still live.
Education:Studied Geography at Oxford and then
did a PhD in Geology.
Work:A professional geologist advising mining
companies around the world. Other:Made your own TV series: ‘Rocks of
Future:Planning a new series, ‘Rocks of Ireland’,
and writing a book. Charlotte wants to
move back to London, but you don’t.
Married:Angélique, a French model, when you
were 38.
Children:None, but you would like some.
Homes:San Francisco, Montréal and London
(these are your current homes – you’ve
lived all over the world).
Education:Expelled from school a month before
your A Levels. Didn’t go to university –
went straight into a job as a builder.
Work:Worked as a builder from leaving school
until you were 30. Then became a
property developer. You are now a multi-
Health:Had a heart attack last year. Getting more
exercise since then, and Angélique is
making you do yoga to reduce your stress
Other:Own a plane and have a pilot’s licence. Future:Intend to retire next year and move to
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 1
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 2
Write the questions for the answers, using the prompts in
brackets. You will need to use either the -ing form or the
infinitive with to in each question.
1 (you / remember / put / the rubbish out)
Oh no! Sorry, I didn’t. I’ll put it out right now.
2 (you / remember / play / with your grandfather /when
you were 4)
Yes, of course I do. I’ll never forget him.
3 (we / agree / meet / on Monday or Tuesday)
It was Tuesday, at 10.
4 (you / try / call / me / earlier)
Yes, I did, but you weren’t answering.
5 (you / think / I / can / put off/ meet him / until
No, I don’t. You’ve got to do it today. 6 (you / regret / not revise / harder / now)
Yes, I do. Sorry, Dad.
You have agreed to stay on a desert island for 6 months for a TV show. You can take one companion with you. You are going to choose someone
from your class.
First write a list of things you think will have to be done on the island,
then choose some prospective companions to interview. Ask each of
them about their attitudes to doing the things on your list, and to life on a desert island in general. Include the following questions, and any
others you wish:
Would you agree to … ?
Would you help to … ?
Would you mind … ?
Would you be able to stand … ? Would you hate … ?
What would you love/hate/avoid/risk/refuse/miss/enjoy/need/try … ?
When you have interviewed several people, choose a companion. As a class, discuss what you think will be the most difficult thing to get used to. What is the most important quality in a companion?
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 2
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Verbs + gerunds/infinitives
Desert Island
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 3
Rewrite these sentences to include either a relative clause or a noun clause. In some cases more than one answer may be possible.
Example:David has two older sisters and he’d like a brother. David, who has two older sisters, would like a brother.
1 My mother made some soup yesterday and I wouldn’t eat it.
2 New parents often experience difficulties in bringing up children and they’re often the same ones their own parents faced.
3 Dad discovered I went out with Nick last night. I wasn’t supposed to do this. .
4 Shall I do my homework or read a book?
5 Some pop stars have no privacy at all and this is the price of fame.
6 I’m going to an international football match with Joe. His father bought the tickets for us.
a Complete these sentences with a relative clause and your own ideas.
Discuss your choices in a small group.
Teenagers, should be treated like adults.
Footballers, shouldn’t be paid so much.
Pop stars, shouldn’t be protected from journalists taking photos of them all the time.
b With a partner, choose one person’s sentence to debate with another
pair. Each pair takes one side of the argument, and prepares a speech
supporting that opinion. c Listen to the other pair’s speech and read your own to them. This could be a series of mini class debates, with a class vote at the end of each one.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 3
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Relative clauses and noun clauses
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 4
Underline the correct words.
1 The police began to suspect her as she always reassured/ was always reassuring
them about how much she loved her stepchildren.
2 Inspector Jones has investigated/ has been investigating this case for seven years now.
3 It was his blood-stained coat that had given/ had been giving the police their evidence.
4 The murderer forgot that while it was snowing/ snowed so heavily, there was no escape
from the lonely house on the moors.
5 The police hold/ are holding a man for questioning at the moment.
6 She had always been believing/ had always believed that Damian was killing/
had killed her cat.
Lady Daphne Morland has been found poisoned at Felpersham Hall, her
country house. Two famous detectives, Mr Dirk Dalrymple and Miss Cecily
Mouse, are on the trail of her murderer.
a Work in pairs. One person is Mr Dalrymple and the other is Miss Mouse. You have been interviewing people and have each found out some
important information. Using your notes, explain to each other what you’ve found out and what you know about the suspects’ movements. b When you have compared notes, decide who committed the crime and why.
Prepare notes on what you think happened, and tell your story to other
pairs and/or the class. c Check what really happened. How close were you to the solution?
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 4
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Simple or continuous?
Murder Mystery
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 4
LADY MORLAND (aged 68)
Lived at Felpersham Hall with her two children, Charlotte and Sebastian.
Her husband (Lord Morland) disappeared mysteriously 2 months ago.
Lord Morland had a son from an earlier marriage, but while Lady Felpersham and her children were alive, the son could inherit nothing.
Usually lives in London in a flat, but at Felpersham Hall now as getting married next Saturday.
Would inherit £3 million from her mother’s death, and needs it to help
her fiancé.
Has just gone on a diet and is eating no meat or fish.
Saturday morning: shopping in Felpersham
11am: approached by a tramp in the street – she ran away from him
Saturday lunch: 12 to 2.30pm, in the Felpersham Ritz Hotel, with
Freddy Hartigan, her fiancé
Saturday afternoon: returned to Felpersham Hall around 3pm and
went to the library, where she read until 6.30pm
7–9pm: at dinner ➤
9–11.30pm: played cards with Freddy, Sebastian and mother – Freddy seemed in a bad mood, and Charlotte was worried about him ➤
Sunday morning: slept late – didn’t wake up until Ruby raised the
RUBY – Housemaid (aged 17)
Background ➤
At Felpersham Hall for the past year
Is engaged to Bertie, new butler
Movements ➤
Saturday: 6am to 7pm, doing housework and preparing dinner
12pm: strange man, quite like a tramp, delivered a box of fresh
salmon for dinner – said the usual fishmonger was off sick
4.30pm: heard noise in cellar – went to look, but found nothing
7–10pm: serving dinner
10.30pm: went to bed
Sunday 6.30am: got up, did housework
9.15am: saw Mr Simpson, who was bringing Charlotte’s bag back
9.30am: found dead body
MR ROSS SIMPSON – Bellboy at Felpersham Ritz (aged 21)
Saw Charlotte Morland and Freddy on Saturday at hotel – she left a
velvet bag behind, so he brought it to the Hall on Sunday morning
(hoping for a reward)
On Saturday, saw Freddy arguing with a strange-looking tramp by the
fish shop around 10.30am.
Dinner – parsnip soup; fresh salmon; roast duck; Stilton cheese.
Cards – Charlotte said they normally play until the early hours of the
morning, but her mother felt unwell, so went to bed early.
Details of death:Lady Daphne Morland, found on Sunday morning at 9.30am.Cause of death:poisoning.
LADY MORLAND (aged 68)
Lived at Felpersham Hall with her two children, Charlotte and Sebastian.
Her husband (Lord Morland) disappeared mysteriously 2 months ago.
Lord Morland had a son from an earlier marriage, but nobody’s ever
met him.
FREDDY HARTIGAN (aged 23) – Charlotte’s fiancé
Background ➤
Met her last year on a Mediterranean cruise. ➤
An orphan, brought up by his uncle in Scotland. Badly needs money to
save his business in Jamaica. Charlotte has agreed to give him this
when they are married.
Movements ➤
Saturday morning: drove up to Felpersham to meet Charlotte
11.30am: when parking his car, saw a sort of tramp looking into Charlotte’s sports car – went up to him, but man ran off.
Saturday lunch: 12–2.30, with Charlotte in the Felpersham Ritz
2.30–4pm: shopping in Felpersham
4.30pm: got back to Felpersham Hall and joined Charlotte in the
library shortly afterwards
6pm: felt sick and went to lie down in room
7–9pm: dinner (didn’t feel well, so only ate the fish)
9–11pm: played cards with Lady Morland, Charlotte and Sebastian
Sunday 9.35am: woken by Charlotte, who was very upset as mother
found dead
Background ➤
Divides his time between London, Felpersham and Edinburgh
At Felpersham Hall since last month as has money trouble – needs a
lot of cash, quickly
Doesn’t work – spent some time in the Navy, but now a full-time socialite Movements ➤
Saturday 2pm: got up
3–6pm: out riding – fell off around 5.45pm when horse jumped at
strange tramp in bushes by Hall – tramp ran off
6.30pm: got Bertie to bandage sore arm from fall
7–9pm: dinner (but couldn’t eat anything apart from the soup, no
appetite after the accident)
9–11pm: forced into a game of cards, but lost badly
11pm: went to look at the stars – saw strange figure (maybe tramp?)
by kitchen door, but when shouted at him, he ran off
Sunday morning: woken at 10am by Police knocking on bedroom door
BERTIE (aged 48) – new butler
Background ➤
Started last month
Engaged to Ruby, the housemaid
Came from a house in Scotland
Movements ➤
Saturday morning: went into Felpersham to get the duck for dinner
Saturday afternoon: no duck left in town, so went to moors to shoot
3pm: saw a strange tramp-like man running over moors towards
Felpersham Hall
3.15pm: got back
6.30pm: bandaged young master’s arm after fall from horse
7-9pm: serving dinner
9–11pm: helping Ruby in the kitchen
11.45pm: went to bed
Sunday 8–9.30am: cleaning master’s shoes
Dinner – parsnip soup; fresh salmon; roast duck; Stilton cheese
Cards – Freddy said Sebastian spoilt it by being drunk – also kept
getting up to look out of the window – said something about a mad
Details of death: Lady Daphne Morland, found on Sunday morning at 9.30am by housemaid, Ruby Smith.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 4
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 5
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences. 1 Running your own business can be profitable in the long term, usually
you don’t earn much at the start.
A although B while
2 ‘Dot com’ entrepreneurs lost a lot of money their initial success.
A as B after 3 you’re setting up a new business, you must do a lot of market research.
A Since B When
4 A good business plan is vital, you’ll need it to impress potential investors.
A while B since
5 Make sure you budget carefully, you’re always in control of the financial
side of the business.
A so that B because
6 You could run into problems you don’t have any previous experience of
running a business. A although B if
Work in pairs. You have been given a special young
persons’ grant of £5,000 to start up a new business. You are going to discuss your plans. Each take a separate ‘situation’ card. This is what you
have to offer the new business. Tell your partner about
your situation.
Brainstorm as many ideas as you can for a new business
you could start up in your town. Choose one of them. Discuss your business plan. You could consider issues such as: exactly what sort of business it will be
what your target market is
what kind of product or service you want to deliver
what market research you will need to do
where you will work
if both of you will work full-time, and if so, what roles
you will take
if you will need any other staff
how you will use the £5,000 grant, and if you will need
to take out a bank loan as well (and if so, how and
when you will pay back the loan)
how you think the business might develop
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Adverb clauses
Starting up a business
STUDENT A: Your situation You have finished school now, and can work any
hours during the summer, but then you’ll be at
university and will only be able to work in the
Your parents have a spare room that could be used
as an office, but they live far from the city centre.
You don’t have a very modern computer.
STUDENT B: Your situation
You’ve finished school, and you’re about to start a
job working evenings in your father’s restaurant.
You’ll be free during the daytime.
You live in the city centre.
You have a new computer.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 5
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 6
Complete the sentences with an appropriate past modal phrase. In some
cases more than one answer may be possible.
1 Tim’s friends been kinder to him when he said he
was depressed about his exams.
2 I helped you if you’d told me you were in trouble.
3 We bothered waiting up to let Tom in – he had his
door key with him after all.
4 I think we become really good friends, if she
hadn’t had to move away. 5 We done that without you – thanks so much.
6 Yesterday been Mike’s birthday – my diary says it’s today!
a Think of a famous person who is no longer alive, who you would
have been interested to know. Think about what they would have
been like as a friend or as a husband / wife. b Make notes on why you’ve chosen them, and what you think they,
and their lives, might have been like. Some of your opinions might be based on real evidence.
c In groups compare your choices and ideas.
Elvis Presley would have had the best parties! But I don’t think he
would have been a good husband. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart would have been a great person to know,
because he was so talented.
Marilyn Monroe must have been very unhappy, she might have been
difficult to live with. Princess Diana was followed everywhere by reporters – that must have
been difficult for her.
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Past modals
Your famous friends and family
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 6
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 7
Work in pairs. Your best friend has been on a school exchange abroad for six months, and she/he is due home tomorrow. You are organizing a fabulous surprise party to
welcome them home.
a Discuss and decide upon the details of the party, such as:
what sort of party? music – e.g. who is bringing it, who will act as DJ?
food and drink – e.g. are you going to make food or ask people to bring things?
guest list
your friend being met and brought to the party from the airport
b Now each make a list of the jobs you need to get done before the party. Decide who’s going to do what. For example:
Samantha will get the doorbell fixed.
c Compare your party plans with other pairs. Which party would you most like to go to?
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 7
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
(1) Causative have and get (2) Passive
Welcome home party
1 Rewrite the underlined words using a form of causative have or get.
1 When I was travelling in Italy, my pur
se was stolen
. .
2 Before I go to Australia I need my passport to be r
3 For certain countries, you’ll need some vaccina
tions to be done
. .
4 I wanted my teeth to be check
before I went away – I didn’t want to have to go to the dentist abroad.
2 Change these sentences from active to passive. 1 Is someone meeting you at the airport?
2 Has anyone advised you what to do about the mosquitoes at night?
3 People say Los Angeles can be a very dangerous city.
4 The airline had left all my luggage behind in England.
5 All I wanted was for someone to drive me to the airport and fly me home.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 8
Put the verbs in brackets into an appropriate future form. In some cases more than one answer may be possible.
1 Mr Jones, the careers advisor, (arrange) interviews with all of you to
discuss what you (do) when you leave school. 2 I hope I (be able) to get a holiday job to help pay my university fees.
3 I (look up) Jessica’s phone number in my address book if you want.
4 Let’s go out for lunch tomorrow – Sara (just / finish) her last exam.
5 (you / go) to John’s leaving party on Saturday?
6 Sorry, but I (not be able) see you next week – I (revise) hard for my exams every night.
7 When I leave school, I (definitely / travel) round the world for six
months before I go to university.
8 Hopefully by the age of thirty I (have) two children.
a Think about where you’ll be and what you’ll be doing in ten years’ time.
Write notes on how things will be if everything turns out as you’d like it
to. Include details such as where you’ll be living, what you’ll be doing,
and what you’ll have achieved by that time. b Describe your perfect future to a partner, and listen to theirs. Are they
similar? Would you swap futures with your partner?
c How likely do you think your perfect future is? What are you going to do
to ensure you have the best chance possible of achieving your goals?
Discuss your plans with a partner or the class. You could think about:
professional training
personal plans such as buying a home, getting married, having children attitude to life
potential problems and how you’re going to deal with them
things you are definitely not going to do
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 8
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Future forms
Your perfect future
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 9
1 Complete these third conditional sentences with the
verbs in brackets.
1 If Anthony (not work) hard, he
(never / get into) medical school.
2 My parents (not let / me) go out
last Saturday if I (not finish) my
homework first.
3 If I (invite / you) to the party,
(you / come)?
4 If Lizzie (choose) to study in Edinburgh rather than London, she
(not be able) to visit her parents
so often.
5 If Felix (not take) a taxi to school
that day, he (miss) his exam.
6 If I (pay more attention) to my
parents’ advice, I (not be) a rock
star now.
2 Choose the correct alternative in each sentence.
1 My grandmother wishes she ’d been able to/ could
travel round the world when she was young.
2 My parents wish I had lived/ lived at home while I
was at university, so they could have seen me every
3 If only Bob didn’t tell/ hadn’t told Maria that I was in love with someone else.
4 I wish I knew/ had known how to fly a plane – it’s
one of my ambitions.
5 We’d have been here by six if only the taxi didn’t
break down/ hadn’t broken down.
6 Don’t you wish you took/ had taken more advantage of the opportunities available when you were at school?
a Work in pairs. Take a ‘Last night’ card each. This tells you what you did last night. Talk to
your partner about anything you regret having done, or that you wish hadn’t happened,
and what you wish you’d done differently, and how that might have changed things.
STUDENT A: What you did last night
Your little sister asked you to help with her
homework – you said you didn’t have time.
Your mother asked you to help with the ironing –
you said you had too much homework.
A friend phoned and invited you to a party.
Your father said you couldn’t go the party, so you
had an argument and went anyway.
You didn’t know anybody at the party and didn’t
enjoy yourself at all.
Your little sister was sick in the night because she
was upset about her homework.
Your mother burnt her finger on the iron.
Your father has forbidden you from going out this
STUDENT B: What you did last night
Your father asked you to walk the dog – you said
you had to revise for an exam.
Your mother asked you to do the washing up – you
said you were too tired.
Your little brother wanted to watch a cartoon on
the TV, but you insisted on watching a horror movie
from a cable channel.
You went to bed really late without doing your
In the middle of the night, you were woken up by
the dog eating your school books.
Your brother woke up in the night crying because
he was having a horrible nightmare.
Your father has cancelled the subscription to the
cable channel.
You woke up late and missed your exam.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 9
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
1 Third conditional; 2 Wishes and regrets
If only I hadn’t done that …
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Language Activities Unit 10
Report each sentence, using one of the reporting verbs in italics.
Example:Luke: Please come out on a date with me, Lucy. (invite / tell)
Luke invited Lucy out on a date with him.
1 Tim:I’ve been going out with her for a year now.(tell / say)
2 Beth:You mustn’t tell John about the party, Katy.(ask / order)
3 Tom:We’re all going to the concert tonight, Fred.(tell / invite)
4 Mum:You must go out with your friends tomorrow!(say / urge)
5 Karen:Yes, you’re right – it’s strange I hadn’t met him before.(tell / admit)
6 Dad:Will you be needing the car today, Angela?(ask / plead with)
7 Dan:I was working really hard all through the summer holidays, honestly.(insist / admit)
8 Jo:What have you done, Phil?(answer / ask)
9 Ben:Had you been thinking about it for a long time, Trudy?(ask / respond)
Work in pairs. You have both overheard some other people’s conversations, and now you’re telling each other
what you heard. Take a conversation card each. Read your card to yourself. Now report to your partner what
you heard said, and listen to what they overheard. Work out who is ‘the worst friend in the world’!
STUDENT B: 2.30 pm, Friday
Kate:Alice, I’m really sorry – I can’t come to your
sister’s party.
Alice:Oh, that’s a pity. Why not? What are you doing?
Actually, I’ve said I’ll go to the cinema with Nick.
Alice:Oh, OK. Did Nick ask you out, then?
Kate:Yes, he did! I asked him if you could come too,
but he said he’d rather it was just the two of us.
Alice:That’s OK. I hope you have a nice time.
Kate:You aren’t upset, are you, Alice?
Alice:Well, a bit. You know I quite like Nick … but I
guess he doesn’t like me.
Kate:Sorry, Alice. You might meet someone at the
party, though!
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Unit 10
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Reported speech
The worst friend in the world!
STUDENT A: 1.30 pm, Friday
Kate:What are you doing this Saturday, Nick?
Nick:I’m not sure yet. Is Alice’s sister having a party?
Kate:Er … I don’t know. I don’t think so. She hasn’t
said anything to me about it.
Nick:That’s a pity. I wanted to go to it. Kate:Would you like to come to the cinema with
me, instead?
Nick:Um … yes, I suppose so. Shall we ask Alice,
too? Kate:Oh, Alice is busy on Saturday. She wouldn’t be
able to come.
Nick:OK. Tell her I asked, though, won’t you?
Kate:Yes, of course.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Answer Key Units 1–10
Unit 1
1 have you been doing 7 have/’ve worked or have/’ve been working
2 trained 8 have you missed
3 went into 9 have/’ve never forgotten or never forgot
4 have/’ve been studying 10 asked
5 graduated 11 couldn’t
6 joined 12 was
Unit 2
1 Did you remember to put the rubbish out?
2 Do you remember playing with your grandfather when you were 4?
3 Did we agree to meet on Monday or Tuesday?
4 Did you try to call me earlier?
5 Do you think I can put off meeting him until tomorrow?
6 Do you regret not revising harder now?
Unit 3
1 I wouldn’t eat the soup that my mother made yesterday. or My mother made
some soup yesterday, which I wouldn’t eat.
2 The difficulties (that) new parents face in bringing up children are often the
same ones their own parents faced.
3 Dad discovered I went out with Nick last night, which I wasn’t supposed to do.
4 I can’t decide / I don’t know whether to do my homework or read a book.
5 Some pop stars have no privacy at all, which is the price of fame.
6 I’m going to an international football match with Joe, whose father bought the
tickets for us.
Unit 4
1 was always reassuring 4 was snowing
2 has been investigating 5 are holding
3 had given 6 had always belived; had killed
Lord Morland was not dead – he was the ‘tramp’. His son from the earlier
marriage was Freddy, Charlotte’s fiancé. Freddy had kidnapped his father two
months earlier, and had been keeping him prisoner. Freddy never intended to
marry Charlotte – he just wanted to get close to the family, and then murder
them all. He would then inherit all the money. He planned to poison them, and
had boasted about this to his poor father. That Saturday, Freddy went into Felpersham early to buy a salmon and poison it.
However, his father escaped, and followed him. They had an argument by the fish
shop. Freddy threatened to kill Lord Morland. Lord Morland escaped and went to
try to warn Charlotte, but she didn’t recognise him and ran away from him.
Freddy invented the story about seeing the tramp later on, trying to throw
suspicion on him.
Lord Morland bought a salmon and took it to the Hall himself, so that he could be
sure Freddy hadn’t poisoned it. However, Freddy had decided to poison the duck
instead: he did this at around 4.30pm (the maid heard a noise in the cellar, near
the kitchen). At dinner, Freddy pretended he was ill and didn’t eat the duck. He meant to kill all
the other people at the table that night: but the plan failed because of course he
didn’t know that Charlotte wouldn’t be eating meat or fish, nor that Sebastian
wouldn’t be able to eat anything apart from soup. Only Lady Morland ate it, and
died from it. Freddy’s bad mood at Bridge was because he had only managed to
poison one person.
Epilogue:Wild with grief, Lord Morland came to the Hall the next day and
revealed himself, despite his fears for his own life. Freddy tried to escape, but
Bertie and the police caught him on the moors later that night.
Unit 5
1 A 2 B 3 B 4 B 5 A 6 B
Unit 6
1 ought to have / should have 4 might have / could have
2 could have / would have 5 couldn’t have
3 needn’t have / shouldn’t have 6 can’t have
Unit 7
1 I had my purse stolen
2 to get my passport renewed
3 to get/have some vaccinations done
4 to get/have my teeth checked
2 1 Are you being met at the airport?
2 Have you been advised what to do about the mosquitoes at night? 3 It’s said that Los Angeles can be a very dangerous city.
4 All my luggage had been left behind in England (by the airline).
5 All I wanted was to be driven to the airport and flown home.
Unit 8
1 will be arranging / is going to arrange; are going to do / will be doing / are doing
2 will be able / am going to be able 3 ’ll look up 4 will just have finished
5 Are you going to / Are you going to go to
won’t be able / am not going to be able; will be revising / am going to be revising
7 am definitely going to / am definitely travelling
8 will have had* / will have *as in ‘given birth to’
Unit 9
1 hadn’t worked hard; would never have got into
2 wouldn’t have let me; hadn’t finished
3 had invited; would you have come
4 had chosen; wouldn’t have been able 5 hadn’t taken; would have missed
6 had paid more attention; wouldn’t be
1 ’d been able to 4 knew
2 had lived 5 hadn’t broken down
3 hadn’t told 6 had taken
Unit 10
1 Tim said he’d been going out with her for a year at that point.
2 Beth ordered Katy not to tell John about the party.
3 Tom told Fred that they were all going to the concert that night.
4 Mum urged me to go out with my friends the following day.
5 Karen admitted it was strange she hadn’t met him before.
6 Dad asked Angela if she’d be needing the car that day.
7 Dan insisted that he’d been working hard all through the summer holidays.
8 Jo asked Phil what he’d done.
9 Ben asked Trudy if she’d been thinking about it for a long time.
Matrix Upper-Intermediate Answer Key Units 1–10
© Oxford University Press
Foundation Unit 1. Daily life, ordinary homes Unit 2. Travel Unit 3. Science and technology Unit 4. The Earth and space Unit 5. Families and friends Unit 6. Work and jobs Unit 7. Music Unit 8. It's a challenge Unit 9. Sport Unit 10. Off to see the world ahead Answer key Matrix Foundation Unit 1
Write the sentences in the correct order.
1 before often I read I to go bed
2 sometimes school walk to we
3 weekend never does Sam at the homework
4 swimming often does Maria go how
5 often school Jan my comes house to after
6 I dinner do usually homework my before
7 help my always tries to me dad
8 evening dinner the in my cooks mum
9 games do computer you play often
10 to sometimes Paul listens music loud
Work in groups of 3–4. You are going to say sentences about yourself – try to make one (or
more!) sentence false. You need to cut out all the cards.
a Put the cards in two piles: adverbs of frequency and verbs. b The first student takes an adverb of frequency card and a verb card and says a sentence
(true or false) with the cards. Example
Adverb of frequency card: always
Verb card: walk to school
Example sentence
I always walk to school.
c The group say if they think the sentence is true or false. Try to say why you think the
sentence is false.
False! Sometimes you walk to school, but sometimes you go to school by bike.
Matrix Foundation Unit 1
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present simple and adverbs of frequency
True or false?
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 1
Matrix Foundation Unit 1
only eat
vegetables walk to school
play computer
eat ice-cream
cycle ten
watch the news on TV
play basketball
have lunch
drink tea
eat hamburgers
go running
cook dinner
listen to loud music
go to the cinema
read magazines
go shopping with friends
sleep for ten hours
get 100% for
write emails
tidy my room
get up early
speak English
with friends
do the washing up
wear a skirt
listen to the radio
Adverbs of frequency cards
Verb cards
Matrix Foundation Unit 2
Complete the dialogue with a(n), some or any. Jon:Before we leave on holiday, let’s check our backpacks. Have you got 1
alarm clock and 2
Anna:Yes, of course! Now, who’s got the shampoo?
Jon:I’ve got 3
bottle of shampoo. Have you got 4
Anna:No, but I’m sure the hotel has 5
Jon:OK. What about suncream, are we taking 6
Anna:Yes, I’ve got 7
suncream. Where’s the map? Jon:I don’t know, I haven’t got 8
Anna:Look, there it is – put it in my backpack.
Jon:Do you want to take 9
bottle of water?
Anna:Yes, let’s take 10
water for the journey.
You are going to shop for items on a list or sell items on a list. You need to cut out all the cards.
a The class forms two groups – one group is the shopkeepers, the other group is the shoppers. b Shopkeepers take a card from the shopkeeper cards, shoppers take a card from the shopper cards.
c Shoppers – visit the shopkeepers and try to find the things on your shopping list. Shopkeepers – sell the item to the shopper if you have it.
Look at these examples to help you:
❍ Have you got any chocolate biscuits?
● Sorry, I haven’t got any chocolate biscuits, but I have some fruit biscuits.
❍ No, thanks!
❍ Have you got a guidebook for London?
● Yes, I have. That’s ten euros please.
d Did you buy/sell everything on your list?
Matrix Foundation Unit 2
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Countable and uncountable nouns
Shopping list
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 2
Matrix Foundation Unit 2
You have … • shampoo (large
• suncream
• hairbrushes
You have … • biscuits
• 250 ml bottles of
• apples
You have … • T-shirts (blue or
• shorts (black)
• hats (red or
You have … • alarm clocks
• maps
• guidebooks
(Rome, Budapest
or London)
You have … • ice-cream
(strawberry or
• coffee
• soap
You have … • shampoo (small
• suncream
• hairdryers
You have … • biscuits (fruit)
• 500 ml bottles of
• oranges
You have … • T-shirts (brown or
• shorts (white)
• hats (black or
You have … • alarm clocks
• maps
• guidebooks (Paris,
Prague or Dublin)
You have … • soap • hairbrushes
• tea
You want … • a small bottle of
• soap • a guidebook for
You want … • biscuits (fruit)
• 500 ml bottle of
• apples
You want … • a brown T-shirt
• a map
• suncream
You want … • chocolate biscuits • white shorts
• a guidebook for
You want … • some tea
• a large bottle of
• three apples
You want … • a large bottle of
shampoo • tea
• a hairbrush
You want … • a red hat
• a small bottle of
• oranges
You want … • a white T-shirt
• black shorts • hats (black or
You want … • an alarm clock
• a hairdryer
• coffee
You want … • a guidebook for
• a hairdryer
• tea
Shopkeeper cards
Shopper cards
Matrix Foundation Unit 4
Complete the story using the verbs in brackets in the past simple. In Tibetan the word Yeti means little man-like animal. One of the first reports of the Yeti
(be) in 1925 when a Greek photographer, N. A. Tombazi, 2
(see) a
creature moving in the distance. The creature 3
(disappear) before Tombazi
(take) a photograph and was not seen again. Later Tombazi 5
footprints in the snow.
British mountaineers Eric Shipton and Michael Ward 6
(photograph) some footprints in
1951. The footprints 7
(be) very wide and very long. Scientists who 8
(look) at the photographs 9
(not know) where the footprints came from. Sir Edmund
Hillary and Tenzing Norgay 10
(climb) to the top of Mount Everest in 1953 and also
(say) there were giant footprints on the way.
So far there is no clear evidence of the Yeti, but there is no evidence that he doesn’t exist either.
You are going to work in groups to write a story. Each student is going to write a sentence then pass
the story to another student to write another sentence. At the end, find out what kind of story you
a Work in groups of 4–8. Each student completes the first sentence (In 2001 …), and then folds it
so that the other student cannot read it. You only have one minute to complete your line! The
paper is then passed to the student on the right. b Each student then completes the next sentence and again folds the paper, so that the next
student cannot read it and passes the paper to the student on the right. c Repeat this until the story is finished, then read out the stories and find the best one.
Matrix Foundation Unit 4
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Past simple
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 4
Matrix Foundation Unit 4
In 2001 …
It happened when …
So …
At first I …
Then …
Later …
After that …
Finally …
Matrix Foundation Unit 5
Complete the dialogue with the comparative or superlative form of the adjective in brackets.
Michelle:Suzy, guess what!
Suzy:I can’t guess – tell me what it is.
Michelle:I met a new boy on the bus, and I think he likes me.
Suzy:But what about Damian?
Michelle:Oh, Chris is 1
(nice) than Damian and 2
Suzy:But don’t you and Damian have the same hobbies?
Michelle:Oh no, not now. Chris is wonderful, he’s 3
(old) and 4
(tall) than Damian.
Suzy:But is he 5
(kind) as Damian?
Suzy:But Damian is one of the 6
(nice) and 7
(kind) people I know. Michelle:Yes, but he’s not very confident – Chris is not 8
(shy) as Damian.
Suzy:Is Chris 9
(intelligent) than Damian?
Michelle:Maybe, he’s probably 10
(clever) than Damian. Suzy:You mean you don’t know?
Michelle:Well, I only met him this morning.
Suzy:Michelle, you’re the 11
(good) person I know at meeting people.
Michelle:Well, I’m not as good as Damian – he met another girl yesterday!
You are going to have a quiz in three teams. For each question your team answers
correctly you get one point. You need to cut out all the quiz cards and give one to each
a Read the questions on your card and write two similar questions with comparatives
or superlatives. Remember to write three possible answers – a, b and c – including
the correct answer!
b Each team takes a turn at asking the other teams a question. The first team which
answers correctly gets a point. Your teacher will tell you the correct answers.
c The team with the most correct points at the end of the quiz is the winner.
Matrix Foundation Unit 5
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Comparatives and superlatives
Comparative and superlative quiz
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 5
Quiz cards
Matrix Foundation Unit 5
Team A
1 How many languages does a trilingual person speak?
a less than three b more than four c more than two but less than four
2 Who is the richest man in the world ?
a Prince Al Saud b William Gates c Karl Albrecht
3 Which is the world’s tallest building? a the Empire State Building, USA b the Petronas Towers, Malaysia c Taipei 101, Taiwan
a b c
a b c
Team B
1 How many players are in a cricket team?
a less than ten b more than ten but less than twelve c the same number as in a basketball team
2 Which is the world’s most expensive city?
a Tokyo b Moscow c London
3 Where do people live longer?
a Singapore b Greece c Japan
a b c
a b c
Team C
1 How many days in a year?
a more than 360 b less than 355 c the same as the number of minutes in a day
2 Which is the poorest country on earth?
a Yemen b Afghanistan c Somalia
3 Which is the largest island in the world?
a Britain b Greenland c Australia 4
a b c
a b c
Matrix Foundation Unit 6
Read the ‘Things to do’ list and complete the diary with have to, don’t have to, must and mustn’t.
You are going to play a game in groups of 2–4. You are going to ask each other for advice – the
student who gives the best advice wins the game. You need to cut out all the cards.
a Put the cards face down in a pile. The oldest student in your group must start. b The first student takes the card and reads the problem to the group. The group can ask more
questions if they want more information.
❍ Can you help me? I want to study abroad – what should I do?
● Where do you want to study?
❍ I don’t know – I can’t decide!
c The student decides who gives the best advice and ‘wins’ that card. The student with the most
cards at the end of the game is the winner.
You should think carefully about where you want to go. Then you should look at the Internet for
language schools or colleges and universities. You should email them and find out what course they have.
Matrix Foundation Unit 6
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
have to, don’t have to, must
Can you help me?
Things to do
to do Done
get up early, do maths homework
English essay ✓
at school
talk to Mrs Marshall about school trip, practise for
school play, remember my lines
after school
bike repair, catch the bus to visit Aunt Mary
Today is a busy day: I 1
get up early and finish my maths homework – luckily I
finished my essay for English last night, so I 2
do that. At school I
talk to Mrs Ball about the trip to the art gallery, then I 4
to the practice for the school play – I 5
forget my lines again!
I 6
see Mr Pennington about repairing my bicycle and then I’m visiting Aunt
Mary, so I 7
miss the bus!
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 6
Matrix Foundation Unit 6
Can you help me?
I want to study
abroad – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
I’m trying to find a
better job – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
I would like to pass
my driving test –
what should I do to
Can you help me?
I’m trying to save
money – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
I feel worried all the
time – what should I
Can you help me?
My brother and I
argue all the time –
what should we do?
Can you help me?
My best friend’s
boy/girlfriend is
seeing another
girl/boy – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
I need more space in
my room – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
I would like to meet
new friends – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
My dad wants to
learn how to use a
computer – what
should he do?
Can you help me?
I want to improve my
English – what
should I do?
Can you help me?
I’m trying to get fit –
what should I do?
Can you help me? cards
Matrix Foundation Unit 7
Underline the correct form of the verb.
1 A:What wer
e y
ou doing / did y
ou do
in your room?
B:I was practising / practised
for the school band.
2 A:Did y
ou ha
ve / W
e y
ou ha
a good time at the concert?
B:Yes, it was great, but it was / was being
very loud. I can’t hear now.
3 A:Who g
ot / was getting
the prize for best rock band?
B:Everyone was cheering for Girl Power to win, but The Sisters won / was winning
4 A:Why did y
ou come / ar
e y
ou coming
back from the party so early?
B:They pla
ed / wer
e pla
hip hop music all night and I just didn’t like it.
5 A:Did y
ou see / W
e y
ou seeing
Charlotte Gates on TV last night?
B:No, I was doing / did
my homework while she was on.
You are going to find out what students in your class were doing during an important
event in your town, your country – or the world!
a Think of some important events that happened recently, for example the Olympic
Games. Complete the sheet with five important events.
b Go around the class and ask the students what they were doing during the event.
Make a note of their answers. You can ask more questions!
❍ What were you doing on New Year’s Eve?
● I was singing and dancing with my friends.
❍ Where were you?
● At Steven’s house.
❍ What time did you go to bed?
● Very late – I was very tired!
c Collect the answers as a class and find out if anyone was doing the same thing(s).
Matrix Foundation Unit 7
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Past continuous
What were you doing … ?
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 7
Matrix Foundation Unit 7
What were you
doing … ?
What were you doing … ?
Matrix Foundation Unit 8
Write sentences about the situations using will or going to.
1 The weather is -3° but Angela doesn’t have a coat. 2 You believe Brazil may win the next football World Cup.
3 I have lots of homework, but I want to see my friends. 4 You’re going on a long walk and you think you are coming back in three hours.
5 There are a lot of black clouds in the sky.
6 It’s your birthday tomorrow, you have bought a lot of food and drinks.
7 Your family are planning to visit Australia next year.
8 You want to save money to buy an MP3 player.
You are going to play a game to make an If …sentence. You need to cut out all the cards.
a You have half an If …sentence and must find the other half of your sentence. Read your
sentence quietly and remember it. Then give the sentence back to your teacher.
b Walk around the class saying your sentence and listening to others. Try to find the other
half of your sentence.
c The winners are the pair who complete their If …sentence first.
Matrix Foundation Unit 8
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
willand going to
She will be very cold! Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 8
Matrix Foundation Unit 8
If you don’t hurry up,
we won’t catch the bus.
If you like surfing,
you’ll love the beaches in Australia.
If the weather is good,
we’ll be able to climb the mountain.
Andrew won’t win the
skiing competition if he doesn’t go faster.
If we don’t pass the
motorcycle test,
we won’t be allowed to ride the bikes.
They won’t enjoy the long hike
if they don’t have good boots.
If I jump out of the plane,
will you give me 20?
They’ll get lost
if they don’t know how to read a map.
If we go windsurfing,
then we’ll have to be very careful.
Will you come to see us,
if you are free?
Matrix Foundation Unit 9
Complete the story with the verbs in brackets in the present perfect or the past simple.
And welcome back to the tennis championship at Wimbledon. For people who
(just / switch on), we are watching Tom Helman against Roderick
Ferrodo. Now Helman 2
(play) tennis for five years but
(not win) much yet. He 4
(start) when he
was twelve and has played for the All England club since 2003 … So what
(happen) in the match so far? Well, Ferrodo
(win) the first game 6-4 and the second game 6-3. It’s the final point
of the match and since the game began Helman 7
(not play) very well.
One moment … Helman 8
(just / miss) the shot and it’s all over. The
match 9
(finish) and, oh dear, Helman 10
(lose) again, 6-4, 6-3, 6-1.
You are going to play a game in groups of four. You will need a dice and four
counters (you could use a small personal object). You will also need to cut out all
the cards.
a Put the cards into two piles: questions and statements.
b Throw the dice and move your counter that number of spaces on the board.
c When your counter lands on a card square, pick up a card. If it is a question,
ask another student. If it is a statement, talk about it for 30 seconds.
d The student who is the first to reach square 60 is the winner!
Matrix Foundation Unit 9
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present perfect and past simple
Present perfect race … Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 9
Matrix Foundation Unit 9
Present perfect race …
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 9
Matrix Foundation Unit 9
Have / ever
been /
Have / met /
Have / ever
run /
Have / ever
fallen / bike?
Have / ever
walked /
Have / tried /
get fitter?
Have / had /
a sporting
Have / ridden
/ a horse?
Have / ever
What / the
sport / have
Who / the
the world
has ever
Have / ever
been to /
A sports
competition I
have entered.
The best
sports event
I have seen.
The best
equipment I
The most
tired I have
ever been.
A sport or
game I have
watched and
The best
thing that
has ever
happened to
A sport I
have tried to
A country or
place I have
just visited.
The silliest
sport you
have ever
An event I
have helped
to organise.
you haven’t
done yet this
A sport I
have played /
done a lot.
Present perfect question cards
Present perfect question cards
Matrix Foundation Unit 10
Complete the story with the present simple passive form of the verbs in the box.
• collect
• select
• give
• deliver
• keep
• put
When you order something on the Internet, first of all the order goes to the warehouse where
all the products 1
. Then the product 2
and it
into a box. When this is done, the warehouse manager calls the delivery
company and the product 4
to the delivery driver. The delivery driver puts
the product in his lorry and it 5
to the customer. If the customer is not a
home, then a note 6
for them. Later, when the product 7
by the customer, he/she signs a form to show they finally have the product!
‘Pelmanism’ is a card game. There are 30 cards, which make ten sentences. In
‘Passive Pelmanism’, you need three cards to make a complete sentence.
Card A:The World Wide Web
Card B: was invented
Card C:by Tim Berners Lee.
The aim of the game is to collect as many sentences as possible.
a Play with a partner. Lay out all the cards face down.
b Take it in turn to turn over three cards. If the cards make a sentence, say the
sentence and keep the cards.
c If the cards do not make a sentence, put the cards back face down again and try
to remember what they were. This will help you when it is your turn again.
Matrix Foundation Unit 10
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Present simple passive
Passive Pelmanism
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press Matrix Foundation Unit 10
Matrix Foundation Unit 10
The World Wide Web
was invented
by Tim Berners Lee.
was discovered
by Marie Curie.
BMW cars
are produced
in Munich.
The Eiffel Tower
was built by Gustave Eiffel.
was sung by U2.
is played a lot
in America.
Ballpoint pens
were invented
by László Bíró.
The Bullet train
is made
in Japan.
Rugby was invented
in Britain.
Romeo and Juliet
was written by Shakespeare.
Passive Pelmanism cards
Tapescripts Tapescripts from each unit of Matrix. You can adapt them for your classes - you can make them into gap-fill listening tests, or jumble them for students to put in the right order. Foundation COMING SOON! Pre-Intermediate Unit 1. Communication Unit 2. The big time Unit 3. Home and family Unit 4. Body and soul Unit 5. The world ahead Unit 6. New horizons Unit 7. A sporting life Unit 8. Strange but true Unit 9. Times of change Unit 10. Off to see the world ahead Intermediate Unit 1. In the mind's eye Unit 2. A sense of identity Unit 3. Times past Unit 4. Small beginnings Unit 5. Fame and fortune Unit 6. Taking risks Unit 7. Means of communication Unit 8. What if...? Unit 9. Travellers' tales Unit 10. The right choice Upper-Intermediate Unit 1. Powerful images Unit 2. Natural reactions Unit 3. Media matters Unit 4. A helping hands Unit 5. Success stories Unit 6. Mystery and imagination Unit 7. Let's unwind Unit 8. The way ahead Unit 9. Wisdom and knowledge Unit 10. Divided loyalties Pre-Intermediate Unit 1 Tapescript 2 Message 1 Young woman: Hello! 224556. Young man: Could I speak to Nicky, please? Young woman: I’m sorry. Nicky isn’t here at the moment. Can I take a message? Young man: Yes, could you tell her that I’ll pick her up to go to the disco at ten this evening? Young woman: OK. Who shall I say called? Young man: Oh, sorry! It’s John. Young woman: Fine. I’ll give her the message. Message 2 [Answer machine] Could you please leave your message after the long tone. Girl: Oh, er… yes. It’s Sophie here – with a message for Daniel. Just to say that I’ve got tonight’s English homework. You weren’t in school today so I thought you might want to know what it is. Give me a call on 556778. Message 3 Boy: Hi! How are you? Girl: Fine, thanks. You? Boy: I'm fine. You haven't seen Simon have you? I'm looking for him. Girl: No! Sorry. But I’m seeing him later. We’re going for a swim. Boy: Could you give him a message from me? Girl: Sure. Boy: Could you ask him to phone me on my mobile, as I need to ask him about his birthday party next week. Girl: No problem. Tapescript 4 1 Nicky isn’t here at the moment. 2 I’ll pick her up at ten this evening. 3 It’s Sophie. 4 I’ve got tonight’s English homework. 5 I don’t know if you want it or not. 6 As you weren’t in school today, 7 You haven't seen Simon have you? 8 Well, I’m seeing him later. Pre-Intermediate Unit 2 Tapescript 8&9 Björk was born on November 21, 1965, in Reykjavik, Iceland. Becoming Iceland’s best-known musician and winning a best actress award at the Cannes Film Festival for the film Dancer in the Dark did not come without hard work. Young Björk started her musical training by studying the flute, piano and voice. She recorded her first album when she was just 11 years old. In the next eight years she played in three bands, and in 1981 worked on a TV programme, Rock in Reykjavik. She met Einar Orn and Sigtryggur Baldursson when she was recording a radio programme in 1984 and they started the band Kukl (which in Icelandic means ‘witchcraft’). Tapescript 10 Sarah: Oh no! Not that silly advert for chocolate again? I hate it when that advert is on. Luke: Do you? I think it’s great. I think adverts like that are better than some of the programmes. Sarah: Come on, Luke. They’re awful. Most of the time you don’t even know what they’re advertising. Luke: That’s what makes them interesting. You have to guess what it is they’re trying to advertise. And that shampoo advert makes me laugh. Sarah: Well, all I can say is that you’ve got a very strange sense of humour! Luke: You can laugh, but a lot of famous actors started their career in adverts for TV and the cinema! Sarah: Really! I didn’t know that. Tapescript 11 Interviewer: Lots of young actors get their big break in television by working in adverts, but it’s not all glamour and fun, it can be really hard work too. Two new actors in adverts are Georgina and Danny, and they’ve come to tell us what it’s really like in the world of television. Danny, when did you start working in adverts? Danny: About three years ago, when I was seventeen. I can still remember shooting my first scene, someone threw a pair of swimming trunks at me and told me to go and put them on, then jump into a freezing pool of water in front of the camera crew, who were all wearing clothes! I felt really embarrassed, I can tell you. But you soon start to enjoy it. Interviewer: Now, Georgina you’re eighteen, aren’t you. Georgina: That’s right. Interviewer: … and you appeared in an advert for washing up when you were sixteen. Washing up liquid’s not very glamorous, is it? Georgina: No, but, as you said earlier, it was my first big break! Interviewer: And how do you find the hard work and long days? Georgina: Well it’s tiring, but quite exciting too! Interviewer: And how did you feel when you did your first scene, Georgina? Georgina: I felt terrible. It was a bit like my first day in a new school, I didn’t know where to go or what to do! And I had to do one scene after the other really quickly – but it’s great now! I wouldn’t change it for anything! Tapescript 14 Oh, is he more, too much more than a pretty face It’s so strange the way that he talks, it’s a disgrace Well, I know I’ve been out of style for a short while But I don’t care how cold you are, I’m comin’ home soon I’m gonna make you a star. We’re gonna make ya a star, haa, haa We’re gonna make ya a star. [repeat first verse] We’re gonna make ya a star, haa, haa We’re gonna make ya a star, haa, haa We’re gonna make ya a star, haa, haa. Revision focus Units 1 and 2 Tapescript 18 Speaker 1 Hi, Jim. It’s me – Susan. You’re probably not back from school yet. Just a quick question. You know that work we are doing on our presentations. Do we have to give it to the teacher tomorrow? Do you think you could give me a ring this evening and let me know? The number’s 436766. Thanks a lot. Bye. Speaker 2 Brian – it’s Mike. Just to let you know that we’ve got tickets for tonight’s football match. My dad’s bought three. Do you want to come? We could pick you up about six this evening and have a quick meal on the way to the stadium. Could you phone back as soon as possible? Speaker 3 Peter. It’s Mary. Just a quick call to tell you how to get to our house this evening. I can’t remember if I told you or not. Get off the bus by the bus station – go straight past the railway station and take the first turning on the right. Walk down the road and you’ll see our house on the left. You can’t miss it. It’s opposite the library. Speaker 4 Thank you for phoning the Phoenix Theatre. The box office is closed at the moment. If you wish to book tickets for the Rock Concert next month, you can either ring again during box office hours (10 a.m. to 7.30 p.m.), call our 24-hour credit card booking service on 08903345567, or come to the theatre in person. You should book early, as there are only a few tickets left for this concert. Pre-Intermediate Unit 3 Tapescript 19 John and Suzie Suzie: You know, a lot of our friends thought we were mad to move to the city after growing up in the country, but we love it. John: Yes, we’re very lucky because the flat is big and we have lots of space. Suzie: And everything’s so close – there are banks and shops and supermarkets and cinemas – just five minutes away. John: Actually, living in a city is much easier than being in the country. We don’t even miss it – just look out of the window – we’ve got a big green space with lots of trees and grass and flowers. Suzie: OK, it belongs to everyone who lives in the square – but that doesn’t matter – we can use it when we want to and it is one of the nicest gardens in London. Martin Martin: I work in Edinburgh in Scotland, but I live in a little village about an hour’s drive away, and I love it. It’s where my wife grew up, and all her friends and family are there. It’s very relaxing to live in the country and the air is lovely and clean. The people I work with in the office, they always ask me why I don't live nearer the office. I know what they mean – a flat near the office would be more convenient than where we live now, but it’s not what we want. I think I live in one of the most beautiful places in the world. Katrina Katrina: I live on the outskirts of Birmingham. In the old days I used to have a difficult time getting to school. There were always traffic jams – and when they started rebuilding parts of the city centre the traffic jams were even worse than before. But when they finished it, they put in more bus routes. One of the bus stops is just round the corner from my house. And now of course, the trip to school is much better than it used to be – it only takes me ten minutes or so. Tapescript 20 Interview 1 Interviewer: Now, Alex, you’re an only child. What effect would you say this has had on you – at home and at school? Alex: I think it’s made a huge difference. I don't really miss not having brothers and sisters, although I sometimes think it would be nice to have someone to talk to. But then I realise that I have so many friends that I spend most of my time talking on the telephone anyway, or sending text messages. Interviewer: Yes, but do you think it has made a difference to you as a person? To your personality, I mean? Alex: Yes, I think so. I’ve always been very hard-working and confident. As I spend a lot of time with adults, I feel quite comfortable in their company. I’m quite ambitious, and very independent. Maybe I’m a bit spoilt, too – but my parents don’t think I am. They’re always telling me how proud they are of me! Interview 2 Interviewer: Do you come from a big family, Henry? Henry: Not too big, I have two brothers and they’re both younger than I am. Interviewer: And how do you feel about being the eldest child? Henry: We get on quite well, but they do annoy me sometimes. They are very young and we don't have much in common. I have to look after them and I have to be reliable – especially when something goes wrong! Interviewer: Would you have preferred to be the youngest child? Henry: No way! My youngest brother always wants to do what my middle brother and I do – but he’s too young. Still, in some ways I think he’s had more freedom than we have. My parents were much stricter with us than they are with him! Pre-Intermediate Unit 4 Tapescript 25 Situation 1 I don’t know how I did it. I felt so stupid afterwards. I was running to catch a bus on my way to a football match. Anyway, I fell over onto my arm – and that was the strange thing – it was my ankle I hurt. I twisted it. Luckily I didn’t break it so I didn’t need to see a doctor. I just caught the next bus and went to the football match. Situation 2 I was all right when I came to school this morning. Anyway, then I noticed I had a bit of a headache – I never usually get headaches – but it soon stopped. Then, about five minutes ago I began to feel really hot. I think I’ll phone my parents at work and ask them to come and take me home. Situation 3 Oh mum, I've been feeling terrible all night. I think I must have eaten something bad last night. My stomach really hurts. I don't think I can go to school, as ever since I got up I've been feeling really sick. Situation 4 Doctor: Well, what seems to be the problem? Man: Um, I cut my hand when I was cooking. Doctor: Well, I don’t think the cut’s too bad. You were lucky, it could be a lot worse. I don’t think the cut needs stitches, but you’ll have to be careful when you use your right hand. You use that hand for writing don't you? Man: Yes, yes I do. Doctor: Now, I'm going to put a plaster on it, and give you some cream. Leave the plaster on for a few days, and then when you take it off, wash the cut well and put some cream on it twice a day. Tapescript 26 1 This medicine won’t do you any harm! 2 Where did the accident happen? 3 Does your hand hurt? 4 My doctor’s Polish. He comes from Warsaw. 5 How can you walk in shoes with such high heels? 6 I can’t write with pens like these. Can you? 7 Do you watch much television? Tapescript 27 Baby's good to me, you know, She's happy as can be, you know, She said so. I'm in love with her and I feel fine. Baby says she's mine, you know, She tells me all the time, you know, She said so. I'm in love with her and I feel fine. I'm so glad that she's my little girl. She's so glad, she's telling all the world That her baby buys her things, you know. He buys her diamond rings, you know, She said so. She's in love with me and I feel fine, mmm. Baby says she's mine, you know, She tells me all the time, you know, She said so. I'm in love with her and I feel fine. I'm so glad that she's my little girl. She's so glad, she's telling all the world That her baby buys her things, you know. He buys her diamond rings, you know, She said so. She's in love with me and I feel fine, mmm, mmm. Revision focus Units 3 and 4 Tapescript 31 Situation 1 I’ve got four brothers and everybody says: It must be awful living in a house with four brothers. Actually, they can be a bit annoying at times. Especially when they’re all watching a football match on TV. I can’t stand football! But most of the time, it’s great fun. They’ve all got friends, so the house is always full of people, and I’ve always got somebody to take me out if I want to go. I feel sorry for my friends who haven’t got brothers. I think it's much easier to have four brothers than to have four sisters would be! Situation 2 It’s funny what other people think about you. It’s usually very different from what you’re really like. Take my friends, for example. They all think I’m a really confident person, and sometimes I do feel confident, for example, when I’m out with them having a good time. But I always feel nervous when I meet new people, at parties. I like being alone, and I like to be with my family and relatives, but I'm not very good at making new friends. I think a lot of people feel the same way I do. Situation 3 My friends and I always go to the woods on Saturdays. We all have mountain bikes and we’ve made a racing track in the woods. Last Saturday, on our way there, I fell off my bike. We were cycling along the pavement and suddenly this dog came from nowhere – I turned the bicycle wheel to avoid it. I cut my ankle a bit – but it was my arm I really hurt. I had to go to hospital but I was lucky. I didn’t break it. I won’t be able to ride my bike for a while, though. Situation 4 Doctor: Now you say you’ve got er … a headache and you feel hot. Is there anything else you haven’t mentioned? Have you any pains in your stomach, for example, or have you er … been sick over the last day or two? Patient: No doctor, I haven't. Doctor: Well, you’ve certainly got a temperature, but I don’t think it’s serious. Just a bad cold, I would say. Take one of these pills every four hours and stay in bed for two days. You’ll probably feel fine after that. If not, come back and see me on Friday. Patient: Thank you, doctor. Pre-Intermediate Unit 5 Tapescript 32 Kate: Hi, Sally. Dream Scream’s on at the cinema this week. Do you want to go? Sally: Yeah, I really want to see that. It looked great in the advertisement. Kate: Yeah, I know. When shall we go? Sally: Er, I’ll get my diary. Oh, I’m pretty busy this week. When do you suggest? Kate: How about Thursday? Sally: Oh, I can’t go on Thursday. I’m doing aerobics at 7.30. Kate: OK. What about Friday, then? Sally: Erm, well, I’ve got a singing lesson at 6, and I’m taking the dog for a walk after that. Kate: Really? What are you doing on Wednesday? Sally: I’m helping in the school’s ‘Help the community group’. We’re going to an old people’s home. Kate: Well, when can you go then? Saturday? Sally: Er, yes, that might be OK. I’m meeting John at Freddy’s Burgers at 11, I’m visiting my gran and grandad in the afternoon. I’m doing some singing sometime … Kate: So, let’s meet in town at 6 then, if you’re still awake! Sally: Er, yeah, OK. Tapescript 33 Forecast 1 Well, it’s good news for all you sun lovers out there. The whole of the country will be sunny tomorrow with temperatures reaching 30 degrees centigrade in the south east. There is a slight chance of showers in the late evening, and there may be the odd rumble of thunder, but this shouldn’t affect the tennis or the cricket. Forecast 2 The outlook for tomorrow is not so rosy, I’m afraid. There will be a few sunny spells, mainly in the north, but these will be spoilt by frequent heavy showers of rain, so take those umbrellas with you if you’re out and about. Temperatures will range from 17–20 centigrade, so it won’t feel chilly. Forecast 3 It’s time to get out those winter overcoats and boots! An area of low pressure is moving eastwards and this will result in snowfalls throughout northern areas of the country, making driving conditions dangerous. Drivers are being warned only to make journeys if absolutely necessary. A strong north-easterly wind will also keep temperatures much lower than the seasonal normal. Forecast 4 Overnight patches of fog will clear by the morning and give way to a chilly start to the day. There will be thunderstorms and heavy showers as the day goes on and there is a chance of floods in the west. More rain will follow in the afternoon and late evening, so take care if you’re driving. In fact, it may be better not to go out at all. Pre-Intermediate Unit 6 Tapescript 37 For the last two weeks, a group of teenagers have been taking part in a living experiment for a TV documentary called ‘Island adventure’. They have been living on a desert island for the last two weeks with no way of escaping and no contact with the outside world. Before they went to the island, the teenagers were given some money which they could spend in any way they wanted, for example, buying shampoo, matches, and so on. There were some small wooden huts on the island, but they had no running water or heating. The teenagers had to live on the food the TV company gave them and the fresh water and fruit on the island. Tapescript 38 Speaker 1 It hasn’t been an easy two weeks. My job was to go out and collect fresh fruit. I didn’t realise how hard it would be. You don’t if you’ve never done it before. It was easy to find fruit but much more difficult to reach it. I had to climb trees. And, of course, it was very hot. But somehow I managed it – I had some help from the others, too. But I don’t want to do it again. Two weeks have been enough for me! I’ll enjoy going to the supermarket in future! Speaker 2 I’ve enjoyed the experience. It has been very educational – I’ve learned a lot about myself and getting on with other people. I was given the job of finding something to eat that wasn’t fruit. It was really hard work. I’ve never done anything so difficult in my life. You have to use all your skills to try and catch a few fish. And there wasn’t a lot of choice apart from fish. I’ve never done any fishing in my life, so I had to try and work out where the fish were and what time of day was best to catch them. Speaker 3 For the first few days I was given the job of chief cook! I managed to make some nice meals for everybody with the terrible food. Everyone seemed to enjoy them, although it was difficult cooking on an open wood fire. I found myself thinking ‘If I could just pop to the supermarket and get some milk!’, or ‘If I could just get some bread!’. But of course I couldn’t. It made me realise how easy modern life is. Speaker 4 Well, I had to record everything that was going on with my video recorder – I sometimes had the feeling that the others didn’t want me there – filming every moment of their lives for two weeks, and I felt lonely sometimes. Also, I think they were all very busy, and I felt even more left out sometimes. Still, if I ever have the chance, I’ll probably do something like it again. Tapescript 41 On a silent summer evening The sky’s alive with light Building in the distance Surrealistic sight It’s a habit of mine To watch the sun go down On Echo Beach, I watch the sun go down From nine ‘til five I have to spend my time at work The job is very boring, I’m an office clerk The only thing that helps me pass the time away Is knowing I’ll be back at Echo Beach some day On a silent summer evening The sky’s alive with light Building in the distance Surrealistic sight On Echo Beach Waves make the only sound On Echo Beach There’s not a soul around From nine ‘til five I have to spend my time at work The job is very boring, I’m an office clerk The only thing that helps me pass the time away Is knowing I’ll be back at Echo Beach some day Echo Beach Far away in time Echo Beach Far away in time… Revision focus Units 5 and 6 Tapescript 45 Speaker 1 It was certainly an experience. I’d never been on a camping holiday before, and I was surprised just how much I enjoyed it. Apart from the weather, that is. It poured with rain nearly every day and it was impossible to get things dry. The best bit was cooking over the campfire. None of us had ever done much cooking before and it was very funny! We’ve already decided that we’re going to go back to the same place next year. But we’ll try to pick a time when the weather’s a bit better! Speaker 2 I can’t really say it was an enjoyable holiday. I didn’t realise how difficult camping would be. You don’t if you haven’t done it before! The weather didn’t help either. I was so hot, and even hotter in the small tents we had! So there wasn’t anywhere to keep out of the sun – except in the woods – and they were full of mosquitoes! And the food was the worst I’d ever tasted. I couldn’t wait to get back to some home cooking and a proper bed, I can tell you. I don’t think the outdoor life’s for me! Speaker 3 For the first few days, everything was fine. The weather was great and it was very quiet and peaceful in the forest. Well, it was before the storm, anyway! On the Tuesday night we were woken up by thunder and lightning – quite frightening when you’re in a tent with water coming in! We decided to go and sit in the car. It didn’t actually stop raining for 24 hours after that, so we had to pack up and go home. I’d go back, though. But with a waterproof tent next time! Speaker 4 I felt a bit left out at first. All the others had been camping before but I hadn’t. They all knew what to do and I felt a bit silly. But I’m a good cook, and the others soon realised that I could make camp food taste really great. Once I got used to cooking over the campfire, I made some fantastic things. There were wild fruits in the woods nearby, so I used a lot of those. Actually, the evenings were the best of all: a bit chilly at night, but very dry weather for the time of year – and the peace and quiet of it all. Great! Pre-Intermediate Unit 7 Tapescript 46 Anna: Tom, have you ever done any dangerous sports? Tom: You mean like bungee jumping or parachuting? Anna: Yes. Tom: Well, I've done some scuba diving. Does that count? Anna: It certainly does! Think of all those sharks and stingrays and things … Tom: Yes. They're scary. I remember a couple of years ago, I was scuba diving with Jenny and Andy – do you remember them? Anna: Yes. I do. Tom: We all went to Sharm-el-Sheikh in the Sinai desert. The coral reefs were amazing – just fantastic colours and millions of multi-coloured fish. We always got up really early in the morning and went out snorkelling or diving. One day, we were all swimming about in the water as usual. Andy was with me, and Jenny was exploring an underwater cave a few metres away. Suddenly, I saw a lot of bubbles in the water, and I could see Jenny's feet splashing up and down. Anna: Really? Why? What was going on? Tom: Well, at first I didn't know. Then I realised that Jenny had started swimming as fast as she could towards the beach. Andy and I followed her in case she was hurt or something. Anyway, we were just getting to the shallow water when I heard Jenny screaming 'Get out, get out!' Andy looked absolutely terrified and Jenny's face was white. We ran as fast as possible up the beach. Not easy when you're wearing flippers, I can tell you! Anna: So come on! Then what? Shark attack? What? Tom: Not exactly. Once we were safely out of the water we looked back at the sea. Jenny was shaking and whispering 'shark … shark'. We looked and saw a fin in the water. Anna: Oh, no! Tom: It wasn't a shark though! It was a beautiful dolphin! She was very friendly and not scared of humans. She had come out of the cave behind Jenny and given her a terrible fright! We all got back in the water and played with the dolphin for ages. It was amazing. Tapescript 47 The amazing rock formation called the Giant’s Causeway is one of Northern Ireland’s top tourist attractions. It is named after the legendary giant Finn McCool whose footsteps created the Causeway. McCool’s giant stride created a similar rock formation over the sea in Scotland, where many Northern Irish people have family. As a Scottish-Irish figure, McCool, who is shown on the souvenir shirts worn by a Belfast ice-hockey team, is a hero to people in Scotland and Ireland. Tapescript 48 News presenter: And now a report about ice hockey in Northern Ireland. Reporter: The Belfast Giants ice hockey team were formed last year to play in the UK’s ice hockey Superleague. The team – whose members are all Canadian, except for one American – started to become famous in December last year, when the Belfast Odyssey Arena opened in Belfast and the Giants began to play in Northern Ireland. The team won nine home games at the beginning of the year. The average crowd was 65,000, making the Giants the best supported team in the league. The team has been working hard selling ice-hockey as a game for everyone. They have a slogan – ‘In the land of the Giants everyone is equal’ – which appears on the cover of the programme sold at each game, and on the team’s website. Since the Giants began playing at home, thousands of children have started going to Northern Ireland’s only public ice rink, where the Belfast Giants organise weekly coaching sessions for young people. These teenagers may be the ice hockey stars or even the Belfast Giants of the future! Pre-Intermediate Unit 8 Tapescript 51 Before we go over to Michael for the weather forecast, we have one last surprising story to tell you. If you think all that rain we’ve been having in Britain over the last few days is bad, think how lucky we are that it’s not raining cows! You think that could never happen? Well, so did the Russian fisherman who was sailing his boat in the middle of the Caspian Sea last week when a cow dropped out of the sky! It was a beautiful day and the fisherman was pulling in all the fish that he’d caught earlier. Suddenly, from nowhere, a cow appeared in the sky and crashed right through the middle of his boat. Fortunately, the fisherman was rescued by a passing ship. Safe and back on dry land, the fisherman contacted his insurance company. But they wouldn’t believe a cow had fallen out of the sky and so they wouldn’t give him any money for his broken boat. Soon the American Embassy in Moscow heard the strange story and admitted that they knew where the cow had come from. A US Airforce aeroplane was carrying some cows on board when one of them suddenly died. The soldiers decided that the best thing to do was push the cow into the sea below – and so it hit the fisherman’s boat. The fisherman now has a new boat, thanks to the American Embassy! Tapescript 52 Gemma: Did you hear on the news that a cow fell out of the sky and landed on a fishing boat at sea? Bob: Yes, but I’m not sure if I really believe it. Gemma: What do you mean? Bob: Well, nobody actually saw the cow, did they? Gemma: … you mean you think somebody made up the story? Bob: Well, why not? It’s a very strange news story, isn’t it? Gemma: But it might be true, the American Embassy said they knew what had happened. Bob: That’s what they said on TV – I think it’s just to make people buy newspapers and listen to the radio – why didn’t the fisherman hear the plane? Gemma: Good point. Maybe he was asleep and not working as he said. Bob: Yes, But fisherman don’t usually go to sleep if their nets are full of fish. Perhaps he just wanted someone to buy him a new boat. Gemma: Yes, maybe. By the way, where are you going for your holidays this summer? Bob: The Caspian Sea! We’re going sailing. Gemma: What will you do if a cow falls on your boat? Bob: Get the American Embassy to buy me a new one! Tapescript 53 1 Gemma: Did you hear on the news that a cow fell out of the sky and landed on a fishing boat at sea? 2 Gemma: By the way, where are you going for your holidays this summer? 3 Bob: Get the American Embassy to buy me a new one! Tapescript 54 I’d like to be under the sea In an octopus’s garden in the shade He’d let us in, knows where we’ve been In his octopus’s garden in the shade I’d ask my friends to come and see An octopus’s garden with me I’d like to be under the sea In an octopus’s garden in the shade. We would be warm below the storm In our little hideaway beneath the waves Resting our heads on the sea bed In an octopus’s garden near a cave We would sing and dance around Because we know we can’t be found I’d like to be under the sea In an octopus’s garden in the shade We would shout and swim about The coral that lies beneath the waves (Coral that lies beneath the waves) Oh what joy for every girl and boy Knowing they’re happy and they’re safe (Happy and they’re safe) We would be so happy you and me No one there to tell us what to do I’d like to be under the sea In an octopus’s garden with you. Revision focus Units 7 and 8 Tapescript 57 The Yosemite Valley is amazing. With its beautiful scenery and fantastic mountains, it’s a top tourist attraction for visitors who come to the area. One unusual rock formation is the legendary Half Dome. A native American legend tells the story of a man who travelled down from Yosemite Valley in the mountains to Mono Lake. There, he met a young woman called Tesaiyak and married her. The journey back up the mountain to the man’s home was difficult, and Tasaiyak decided that she wanted to go back down the mountain to live with her own people at Mono Lake. Her husband said he wouldn’t go and live there so Tesaiyak, who was very sad and crying, began to run back down the mountain to Mono Lake. Her husband followed her. In the legend, the powerful spirits who lived in the Yosemite Valley heard the two arguing. They became angry and turned the young couple to stone. The man became the North Dome, and Tesaiyak became the mountain known as Half Dome. The tears that Tesaiyak cried became the great Mirror lake in the area. True or not, Half Dome is Yosemite’s most interesting mountain. Climbers come from far away to try out their skills on the famous north side of the mountain. If you’re not a climber and prefer hiking, you can walk to the top in one day along a path which starts in the Yosemite Valley. Pre-Intermediate Unit 9 Tapescript 59 Presenter: Good morning and welcome to our slot on the programme where you, the listeners, can have your say. Our topic today is ‘Should we go to Mars?’ On the line we have Sally Mason from Liverpool. Good morning, Sally. What’s your opinion? Sally: Hi. I think space travel is a waste of money. Sending human beings to Mars is much more expensive than the Apollo missions to the moon. Each visit to the moon took about a week, with the astronauts working on the moon’s surface for just a few hours. A manned mission to Mars would need a lot more money and years of planning. A mission to Mars would last years instead of days. Is it worth it? The money could be used to solve problems on earth like stopping pollution and helping people who are starving because they have no food. Presenter: Thank you for that, Sally. Next on the line, we have Sebastian, who’s from Australia. Sebastian: Putting a man on the moon is something the whole human race can be proud of. A Mars mission would be the same. The problems on Earth would go away tomorrow if people suddenly stopped being so stupid and greedy. As this isn’t likely to happen any time soon, let’s go to Mars! The future is in space. I believe people will live there one day. Presenter: Thanks, Sebastian. Now, it’s Tim, from the United States. Tim: A trip to Mars would cost a dollar for each American each year of the project. Most of us give more money than that to charities helping animals. Going to space helps us to do important research in science and medicine. Besides, space exploration is challenging and exciting. I’m surprised at the negative comments from Sally and really don’t understand how anyone can be against space travel. Presenter: And finally, Sarah, from Edinburgh. Sarah, you have the last word. What’s it to be? Sarah: What’s out there? What’s the future of our planet? Is there life on Mars? What sort of place is it? I’m only in my twenties and I missed the Moon Landing. But I would love to see someone set foot on Mars. I hope that by 2020 someone will! Presenter: Well, there you go and that’s what they think, but how do you feel? You can tell us on our website … Pre-Intermediate Unit 10 Tapescript 63 Radio Presenter: What do young people want from a holiday nowadays? Well, we invited four teenagers to the studio to find out. First, we're talking to Martin. Martin, where do you normally go for your holidays? Martin: Well, I usually go to Scotland with my parents, but this year I’m doing something completely different. I’m going with my friends to Ibiza. Presenter: So you’ve decided you want to see a bit more of the world? Martin: Not really. We’re going for the clubbing! The weather’s good, too, though, and that makes a lot of difference. Radio Presenter: Julia, what about you? What’s your idea of a really good holiday? Julia: I’ve always loved visiting different countries – places I’ve never visited before. I like finding out about different cultures, and I just love travelling. Radio Presenter: Anne, do you have a favourite holiday destination? Anne: I’d love to travel all over the world but I’m terrified of getting into an aeroplane. It means that I can only visit places I can travel to by car, or train, or sometimes ship! Radio Presenter: Greg, tell us your idea of a perfect holiday. Greg: Well, I used to go on package holidays with my family to Spain. I enjoyed the flights and the weather. But for the last couple of years, I’ve been cycling with a group of friends in the mountains. It’s great, although the weather’s not usually that good. We usually take a tent and go camping. It’s very relaxing and you don’t have to spend a lot of money on flights and accommodation. Tapescript 64 Railway station The train now standing at platform 7 is the 11.15 to Aberdeen. We apologise to passengers for the delay to this service today. The problem was due to a signal failure. The fault has now been repaired and the train is now expected to depart at 11.40. Airport Flight 504 to Prague is now ready to board from Gate 12. Can passengers with children please make their way towards the departure gate first. Tapescript 65 1 Captain Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen and welcome aboard our flight to Copenhagen this morning. This is your captain, James Briant, speaking. Flying conditions are good and our flight time should be about one hour and 15 minutes. I would like to apologise for the slight delay to your flight today. This was due to a problem loading the luggage on our flight. We hope the delay will not be more than ten or 15 minutes. 2 Stewardess Good evening ladies and gentleman, on behalf of the captain and his crew, I would like to welcome you aboard our night flight to Kenya. The flight will take about eleven hours, and during this time we will be serving you with dinner and breakfast tomorrow morning. There will also be a free in-flight movie. Details are in the flight magazine in the seat pocket in front of you. 3 Steward Ladies and gentleman, the crew will shortly be moving through the aircraft with a range of perfumes and gifts for you to purchase. You will find details of all items and prices in our in-
flight magazine. We are happy to accept payment in the form of credit cards, travellers cheques and cash in dollars, sterling or euros. Tapescript 66 Trains and boats and planes are passing by. They mean a trip to Paris or Rome To someone else but not for me. The trains and boats and planes Took you away, away from me. We were so in love, and high above We had a star to wish upon. Wish And dreams came true, but not for me The trains and boats and planes Took you away, away from me. Trains and boats and planes took you away, But ev'ry time I see them I pray And if my prayers can cross the sea, The trains and the boats and planes Will bring you back, back home to me. Revision focus Units 9 and 10 Tapescript 68 Speaker 1 We’re going to go to the south of France next summer. I’m really looking forward to it because I haven’t been there before. We’re not flying, even though we know it would be much quicker. We’re going to drive. I can’t stand flying. It’s so uncomfortable! You never have enough room for your legs – and the food is usually awful. I think people eat it just because they’re bored! And you don’t see anything of the country you’re travelling through. Actually, I wouldn’t mind going by train. I enjoy long train journeys, don’t you? Speaker 2 This is my last term at school, so I’m going round western Europe with a friend, before I start looking for a job in the autumn. We’ve bought a student rail ticket, which means that we can go where we like, when we like. We’ll probably camp. There are some fantastic campsites, or so people tell me. I don't like camping very much, but it’s cheap and you meet lots of people – not like a hotel. I speak French and Italian and my friend speaks Spanish, so we should be able to talk to people. Speaker 3 What I’d really like to do is go on a trip to the Moon but I’m going to have to wait a long time before I can do anything as amazing as that! So, I'll have to be happy with the idea of an activity holiday in the mountains instead. Apparently, where I’m going you can go parascending and bungee jumping, so I suppose you could say I’ll be doing some kind of flying! I’m not interested in holidays where you sit around doing nothing. To me, holidays are all about new experiences, doing exciting things you’ve never done before. Speaker 4 We’re going by ferry to northern Spain. The overnight ferry’s great – although it takes a long time. But there’s plenty to do. They have on-board movies, and great restaurants, which aren’t too expensive. Well, my parents pay, of course, but the food’s really excellent, and the cabins where you sleep are really comfortable. We’ve been going to that part of Spain for years now. Not very adventurous, but we enjoy it because it’s quiet and there’s lots to see and do. We don’t like places where it’s really hot. You end up spending most of the day doing nothing because it's too hot. But the temperatures are just right for us in that part of Spain. Intermediate Unit 1 Tapescript 2 Ladies and gentlemen, the first talk this afternoon is on psychometric testing. The talk will take place in the main lecture hall on the ground floor in approximately ten minutes’ time, at 10.30. The speaker is Professor Spencer from Oxford. Would you please make your way to the hall now if you wish to hear this talk, as we only have seating space for 250 people … Tapescript 2 To put it simply, these tests are really a kind of long questionnaire which has been thought up by psychologists to find out about your character and abilities. Future employers use the results from these questionnaires to decide if you’re the right person for the job or not. In fact, in the UK, eighty per cent of employers now use these tests when they’re recruiting new staff. You may argue that they’re annoying or even confusing for the poor people who are trying to get a job, but the tests save an amazing amount of time and money for employers. Some people say that this kind of test actually produces more reliable results than interviews – especially when it comes to working out how candidates might behave in a job, and how well they might do the job if they get it. The tests also prevent companies from taking on the wrong kind of person for a job. For example, some jobs need people who can work in a team with others, so the management is less likely to recruit the wrong kind of staff if these tests are done when candidates are being considered for jobs. The tests would show if somebody was good at working in a team or not. Now, the good news is that you can prepare for the test by doing lots of practice tests beforehand. Of course, you couldn’t possibly succeed in having an amazing career as a rocket scientist just by putting a tick in the right box – but you can really improve your chances of getting yourself a job. So, if you do find that you have to take a test, remember this advice: read the questions very carefully, then go through them one by one as quickly and accurately as possible. If you can’t do one of the questions, leave it and go on to the next one. You can always go back and do it at the end. Now let’s have a look at one or two of these tests… Intermediate Unit 2 Tapescript 3 Actually, my real name’s Camilla and that’s Andy in the picture. Andy’s always been tall and blond and I suppose I’ve always looked amazingly like Posh Spice but we didn’t really think about our resemblance to Posh and Becks at all. Just nine months ago I was a struggling art student who thought David Beckham was the most handsome man ever. Then I met Andy at a fashion show where he was one of the models. We danced together and met up the following day. Andy was astounded by the similarities between myself and Posh. When Andy’s agent wanted a Posh lookalike for a party, Andy suggested me! We’ve never looked back. I’ve earned more money impersonating Posh than I ever dreamed possible. We’ve been to night clubs and restaurants where people have mistaken us for the famous pair and we just walk straight in! It can be difficult, though – being a lookalike. We’ve had to read all about Posh and Becks in the papers just to keep up with their styles – but it’s been worth it! Tapescript 5 Reliable identification of criminals is, of course, vitally important. Think about identity parades, for example. These are police procedure throughout the world. A suspect stands in a line of innocent people of similar appearance and can choose any position. The witness is then asked to identify the suspect. Unfortunately, parades are not very reliable. If the real criminal is not there, a witness may choose an innocent person who resembles the criminal. Voice recognition is another method of identifying a suspected criminal. The human voice can be measured, as it has its own unique ‘print’. Voice recognition was first developed during World War II. The voice’s soundwave is recorded and then analysed. The horizontal axis shows the length of the sound, while the vertical axis measures the strength of the sound. Voiceprints can be very useful in identifying criminals as they speak on the telephone – for example, when they make demands for ransom payments in kidnapping cases. Police often try to get an accurate picture of the physical appearance of a criminal. Improved computer technology has led to the computer-aided videofit, which has replaced the photofit identification. The witness chooses a feature closest to the criminal’s, and this feature is then transferred to the video screen. Features can then be altered to show a closer likeness. Another more recent development is the three-dimensional videofit, which can be seen and changed at every angle. Genetic fingerprinting has also … Tapescript 6 Alex: Hello – 883 076 PC Black: Am I speaking to Alex Seelig? Alex : Yes, that’s me. PC Black: Good morning. This is PC Black from the local police station. I was wondering if you would be free to take part in an identity parade on Thursday afternoon. Sorry it’s such short notice. Alex : Er … what time? PC Black: 3.15 Alex : Er, actually, I’ve got a lecture then. But I can miss it as it’s not that important and I can get the notes from someone else. PC Black: OK – that’s fine. Thanks very much. Tapescript 7 Interviewer: So Alex, how did you get into this identity parade business? Alex: Well, I’d been looking in the local papers for weeks for a part-time job – at the time I was a bit short of cash – anyway, a friend of mine had a car stolen and we went to the nearest Police Station to report the theft. Interviewer: So you were asked to take part at the Police Station there and then? Alex: Well, not exactly. I saw this poster on the wall that said ‘Cash Reward’ and I was interested in what it might be for, so I started reading it. I thought it looked interesting, so I asked for an application form – and I’ve been busy ever since! Interviewer: So how many parades have you taken part in? Alex: I’ve lost count, to tell the truth, but it’s definitely well over 50. Interviewer: And what happens? Do you have to wear what they give you? Alex: No, you can wear what you like. The real criminal’s probably changed clothes anyway loads of times since the crime was committed. Interviewer: Yes, of course. … And have you made a lot of money? Alex: Well, not that much – but it’s not bad. I get £10 for up to an hour, and £5 for every half an hour after that. There’s even an additional £5 if you’re called in at short notice, which isn’t bad when you’re a penniless student! Interviewer: So what happens when you get there? Alex: You just sign your name and wait in the waiting room until they call you. Interviewer: And is it easy? I mean, does anything ever go wrong? Alex: I often find it impossible to keep a straight face. You really have to be very disciplined and not burst out laughing sometimes, – especially when they ask you to stick on those small goatee beards – and hats, scarves, that sort of thing! Interviewer: But don’t you feel sorry for the witness? Alex: You stand behind a one-way mirror, so you can’t ever see the witness. They can see everything, of course. You do see the suspect, though. Interviewer: And has anybody ever picked you out thinking you were the criminal? Alex: Yes, once – and then it was very difficult to keep a straight face! Interviewer: But they didn’t arrest you, I hope! Alex: No, they didn’t! Interviewer: And what do you do while you’re waiting for the parade? Alex: Oh, it’s all very civilised. There’s a TV and they sometimes give you coffee … Tapescript 8 interested 1 business 4 committed 2 application 5 additional 3 definitely 6 penniless Let’s revise Units 1&2 Tapescript 9 Dreams – why do we have them? What do they mean? And why are they often frightening? When we go to sleep we all want to have sweet dreams, but unfortunately we can’t control what we dream about – our subconscious decides for us. Imagine your mind is like a TV set. Instead of tuning in to the light entertainment channel, our subconscious often selects the horror channel instead. So why do we have disturbing dreams rather than pleasant ones? According to psychologists bad dreams can help us survive. You may wonder how a dream, especially a bad one, can help you. The answer is simple. Apparently dreams sort out our day-to-day problems. In other words our mind remembers the negative things we have experienced, and tries to find solutions by ‘reliving them’. As a result, difficult situations, such as failing examinations, arguing with a friend, or ending a relationship are all dealt with while we sleep. Tapescript 9 Dreams can be as short as two seconds or as long as two hours. Scientists believe that in an average night we can have four or five separate dreams, each one about a different problem or anxiety. And if someone is worried about one particular thing, they may have the same dream many times. People often don’t remember their dreams, but when they do, they try to work out what they mean. It’s not easy to understand a dream, so here are some popular ones and their meanings to get you started. One of the most common dreams is about locked doors, blocked passageways or rivers that can’t be crossed. Psychologists say that this represents a desire to escape, often from a job or a relationship. So if you have this type of dream perhaps you ought to look for a new job, or find a new girlfriend or boyfriend! Another common dream is all about our fear of growing old. In this dream your hair and teeth start falling out – apparently it’s one of the most disturbing dreams you can have! Intermediate Unit 3 Tapescript 10 Back to the Future Our late-night film tonight is Steven Spielberg’s Back to the Future, starring Michael J. Fox. When it was released in 1985 it became hugely popular. The action in the film took place in two different decades: the 1980s and the 1950s. In the story, teenager Marty McFly travelled back in time to 1955. When he found himself back in the 1950s, he realised that he had to make sure that his parents met and fell in love or he wouldn’t exist in the present. There were two sequels to the film, which came out in 1989 and 1990. Although not an all-time great, the film has some dramatic moments – so, sit back and prepare to travel into the 1950s with Marty! Tapescript 12 Hello! My name’s Jeff and I’d like to tell you how I became a Roman soldier. I live a few miles away from the remains of Hadrian’s Wall in the north of England and so Roman history has always fascinated me. I’ve had many jobs in my life. I’ve worked as a painter, a lorry driver and for many years as an attendant at the local museum. That’s where my interest in Roman history really took off, because I was surrounded by it all day long, and I became quite an expert. Three years ago, I decided to give up my job at the museum and start my own business. I’d learnt a lot about the Romans and had some experience of talking to visiting groups of tourists, so I felt I could make a living out of bringing the Romans to life. I spent £1800 having Roman clothes and weapons specially made. I had to have two sets of clothes, a summer and a winter version, two helmets, two shields, a sword, some spears and a pair of sandals. Then I advertised in the local tourist office – my advert offered ‘Guided Tours of the Roman Wall given by a real Roman soldier’. The business was an immediate success and soon, as well as taking people for trips to the Wall, I was getting lots of requests to go and speak in schools where students were studying the Roman period of history. The talk I give is aimed at explaining why the Romans came to Britain, why they were successful, how the weapons they used helped their empire to grow and what life in those days was like for an ordinary soldier. I always wear my uniform, and often let the young people try on my helmet. They also get a chance to touch the weapons and imagine themselves as soldiers patrolling the Roman Wall two thousand years ago. Intermediate Unit 4 Tapescript 14 1 Girl: Oh NO! Mum! This computer’s broken down again! Oh, I’ve lost all my homework now. Mother: Oh, dear! Look, don’t worry – I’ll buy you a new PC for Christmas. Girl: Thanks, Mum – that would be great! 2 Man: Oh, I can’t believe it! I’ve pressed the wrong button and lost everything. I will learn how to use this computer. I really will. 3 Boy: Dad … you know I’m meeting Amy tonight? Dad: Yes, Dan. And …? Boy: Well, I was just thinking about where to take her and, er … Dad: Mmm? Boy: Um … will you lend me your new car? Dad: Dan, you know I can’t do that! But here’s some money for the bus. Boy: Thanks, Dad. 4 Girl: Oh, it’s so hot this afternoon. What shall I do? I know – I’ll go for a swim! 5 Girl: Oh no! Johnny – we haven’t got any milk, and this sauce is going to be completely ruined! Boy: Don’t worry, Sal – I’ll go to the shop for you. Girl: Oh, thanks. 6 Mother: Oh, David – what are we going to do about Pete? He won’t help at all in the kitchen! Father: Well, don’t cook anything for him, then! Tapescript 16 Our next programme is about imaginary twins, Jimmy and Jenny, born on January 1st, 2200. In the programme, we’re going to travel through various stages of their lives. We’ll look at their lives from 1 to 8 years old; when they’re teenagers; when they’re 45; and, last of all, when they’re 80 Tapescript 17 STAGE 1: 1–8 years old In the 23rd century, the twins will live in a home designed to create an ideal environment for them and supply them with everything they need. New research into the brain is going to bring about a dramatic change in teaching methods, so they’ll start learning languages at five years old, and, by the age of eight, they’ll be able to speak perfect French. They’ll move on to more complex Maths and Science the following year when they complete their language studies. STAGE 2: teenagers Getting from A to B will be very different from travelling around today. All cars are going to be programmed to drive themselves using laser tracking devices which will ensure that all vehicles stay a safe distance away from each other. And when the twins are ready to take their driving test, they will, of course, pass with flying colours. For their 18th birthdays, their parents will book them a seat on the Flashman, a plane which engineers will finally complete after years of research. Travelling above the earth, where the air resistance is minimal, the Flashman will be able to travel at amazing speeds. Unfortunately, the tremendous noise it makes may disturb people on the ground. STAGE 3: 45 years old At 45, if the twins have any aches or pains, they’ll go to the Organic Health Centre but it won’t be like any we know today. There, body organs will be grown from genetic material taken from a sample of the twins’ saliva. In a few months, they’ll both have a complete set of replacement organs … just in time to celebrate their joint second marriages to another set of twins! And, because commercial space travel will be an ordinary event in everyday life, they’ll book a honeymoon holiday on the moon, where the two happy couples will get to know each other even better. STAGE 4: 80 years old At 80, the twins will still be going strong but they’ll welcome the opportunity to reverse the ageing process. Genetic engineers will find a way to keep everyone looking young. A simple syringe and needle will be all that’s needed to give the twins the faces of 40-year-olds. And, as the new century approaches, Jimmy and Jenny are going to be a picture of health and they’ll probably be just as fit and strong as they were in the previous one. Tapescript 19 1 Imagine there’s no heaven It’s easy if you try No hell below us Above us only sky 5 Imagine all the people Living for today Imagine there’s no countries It isn’t hard to do Nothing to kill or die for 10 And no religion too Imagine all the people Living life in peace You may say I’m a dreamer But I’m not the only one 15 I hope someday you’ll join us And the world will live as one Imagine no possessions I wonder if you can No need for greed nor hunger 20 A brotherhood of man Imagine all the people Sharing all the world You may say I’m a dreamer But I’m not the only one 25 I hope someday you’ll join us And the world will live as one. Let’s revise Units 3 & 4 Tapescript 20 What will life be like in the 22nd century? Recently there have been many predictions about how everyday life will change. Some of these predictions are already coming true. Today we look at the top five inventions scientists say will soon be in our homes. You’ll never need to worry about housework again with the clever home robot. This robot will clean your house whenever it feels it is necessary – and it can tell the difference between things accidentally left on the floor, such as a sock, and ordinary rubbish. Sounds too good to be true? Well, scientists at the Future Corporation are already developing a prototype. The second home innovation is a computerised washing machine. This machine uses electricity to clean clothes rather than water, so it’s good for the environment as well as cheaper to run. In addition, it can clean and dry clothes much more quickly than a conventional machine – and you don’t have to iron them! Have you ever heard of intelligent furniture? Well, the third innovation is just that, chairs and tables which adjust their height to make you more comfortable – perfect! This intelligent furniture can also select music, send email messages and adjust the lighting in a room. We’ve often seen the fourth innovation in films about the future. Well, now it’s going to be in every intelligent home. If you haven’t already guessed, it’s the virtual reality machine. This three-dimensional ‘screen’ will replace your computer or digital TV screen. You’ll be able to use it for hologram meetings at work or to play three-dimensional computer games. Finally, robot helpers, similar to R2D2 in Star Wars, will soon be protecting your home from burglars, as well as helping with the housework. This versatile robot will be able to recognise spoken commands and can play games with you, too. Intermediate Unit 5 Tapescript 21 Ever seen a James Bond film? I always wanted one of those gadgets with secret powers – you know, the pens that opened out into parachutes, that kind of thing. Well, thanks to me, anyone can own a secret gadget now – even you, if you feel like a bit of excitement! The idea for my gadget first came to me when I was taking photos of some friends. Everyone looked so unnatural, posing for the camera. That’s when I thought of it: how about a tie that was really a camera? Then nobody would know I was taking their photo – and I’d get some nice relaxed pictures of them! Anyway, shortly after that, someone told me that any idea for new products needs protecting – so you shouldn’t even tell your friends about it until you’ve registered the design and applied for a patent! If you don’t register it and apply for a patent, your design might be copied by someone else. Anyhow, this person told me I should contact a patent agent. That’s the person who has to translate your invention into words and drawings. Then you send your application to the Patent Office. If the patent officer agrees that it’s an original idea, your design is then protected by law and nobody can copy it (well, they shouldn’t!). The thing is, you ought to do as much research as you can beforehand to make absolutely sure your design really is unique. Then, you can either try to produce the thing yourself, or you could ask a manufacturer who you think might be interested in your product. It took me about a year to get things organised but I took hundreds of advance orders at one show alone, so don’t be put off. Just go for it! Tapescript 23 The word ‘lottery’ isn’t, as you might think, an English, or even an American word. It actually comes from the Italian word ‘lotta’. Now, you may think the word sounds as if it means ‘a lot of’, but you’d be mistaken! Its actual meaning is ‘destiny’ or ‘fate’. It originally referred to what was going to happen to you in life, whether you liked it or not. And the lottery itself is certainly not a 20th century invention. No-one’s sure exactly where or when the first lottery began, but a lottery was certainly mentioned in the Bible. It was mentioned in connection with Moses, who used a lottery to give people land. So people were using lotteries long before the rest of the world decided to borrow the Italian word ‘lotta’. The lottery in England can be traced to the 16th century, when Queen Elizabeth I was in power. They say that England itself was about to go bankrupt when the Queen changed the value of the currency in 1560 to try to restore the old ‘sterling’ to its former glory. Probably trying to raise money, Elizabeth then introduced London’s first public lottery, which offered substantial prizes of money, silver and other objects. Both state and private lotteries were held from the 17th century onwards, but cheating and dishonesty became a terrible problem. In fact it became so difficult to run an honest lottery that Parliament took action in 1802 and ruled that private lotteries were illegal. The last ‘old’ state lottery in England was held in 1826. In modern times, the ‘new’ national lottery is run just like a business. It raises an enormous amount of money for charity. Anybody who can prove they are helping the community can apply to the lottery board for money to help their cause. It also makes people into millionaires, so thousands of people buy tickets regularly in the hope of getting rich quick! Tapescript 24 Ben: I never buy lottery tickets, Julia. Do you? Julia: Sometimes – depends how much money I’ve got! Ben: When was the lottery first launched? I can’t remember. Julia: In Britain, you mean? Ben: Yeah. Julia: In 1995, I think. Yes, it was – 1995. I remember reading somewhere that mathematicians thought it was a complete waste of time. Ben: Why on earth did they think that? Loads of countries have a national lottery. Julia: Well, apparently they said that the chances of winning were about one in 14 million. Ben: One in 14 million? Julia: That’s right. And they said you had more chance of being run over by a bus on the way to buy a ticket than you did of winning the jackpot! Ben: Hmm – I can see their point. Julia: But somebody told me that if you pick certain sets of numbers you might have a very good chance of winning. Ben: I’ve heard that too. But I haven’t a clue how it works. Julia: Well, it seems that most people don’t pick numbers at random – you know, just any old numbers. Ben: So what numbers do they pick? Julia: They like to choose lucky numbers – the date of their birthday, the ages of their children, that sort of thing. Ben: So what does this all mean? Julia: It means that some sets of numbers are chosen less often. Ben: So if you pick just any old numbers, you have more chance of winning a lot of money! Julia: That’s right. We shouldn’t choose one set of lucky numbers. We should pick any old numbers. Hey! Where are you going, Ben? Ben: To buy a lottery ticket! Tapescript 25 1 Which lottery are you talking about? 2 Are you sure you know what you’re talking about? 3 When was the lottery first introduced in Britain? 4 Could you lend me £20 until tomorrow? 5 What’s that strange-looking object over in that corner? 6 I’d love to win a lot of money! 7 The lottery is a successful way to raise money for good causes. 8 I think buying lottery tickets is a waste of time and money. 9 What’s the use of buying tickets if you never win? 10 What’s the date tomorrow? 11 Are you still waiting to hear about that new job? 12 What’s the price of a lottery ticket? Intermediate Unit 6 Tapescript 27 Woman: Oh, come on… answer! Receptionist: Emergency services. Which service do you require? Woman: Sorry. What did you say? Receptionist: Which service? Fire, police or ambulance? Woman: Oh, the fire brigade, I think. Receptionist: Putting you through now. Man: Fire Brigade. How can we be of help? Woman: Well, I don’t know if you can. My cat Polly’s stuck up a tree and she just refuses to come down. Man: Well, madam. You’re in luck. We actually have an engine out on the road at the moment – it’s on its way back from another call. What’s your name? Woman: Wilkinson – Mary Wilkinson. Man: And the address? Woman: 13 Park Hill Road. Man: Sorry, did you say ‘Hall’? Woman: No. Park Hill Road. Man: And the phone number? Woman: 020 8588 6543 – and please hurry. I’m sure she’s going to fall off the branch any minute. Man: Don’t worry. We’ll have the engine there with you in a few moments. Tapescript 28 Andrea – Speaker A My job as a paramedic is very challenging. Everything happens at top speed. You have a few minutes to prepare yourself and your equipment, then you have to set off. I’ve been a paramedic for about three years now and I love working on the air ambulance. We cover a huge area with the helicopter. The trouble is you have to do a lot of running, so you have to be in good shape. You can’t just land in someone’s front garden – although we can land in a street. I’ve had to run for as long as half an hour to reach a patient, so I try to do a bit of training. Actually, the risks aren’t quite what you might think. An old lady started hitting me with her knitting needles once. She didn’t know what she was doing, poor thing – but it certainly frightened me at the time! Victoria – Speaker B I suppose it’s my own fault, really. I wanted a job with a different challenge every day … and I certainly got it. You have to be fit as a fire officer. There’s a lot of running about and lifting. Even lifting the ladders off the fire engine can be exhausting, and it’s even more difficult when you’re wearing the uniform and carrying your equipment. I suppose one of the greatest risks is if the ceiling falls down on top of you. Oh, and blocked stairs can be very dangerous, too – sometimes we can get into a building, but then it’s very difficult to get out again. To be honest, the whole job’s a risky business from start to finish. You have to be on top form all the time. I should exercise two or three times a week, but I’m usually so exhausted when I get home, all I want to do is relax in front of the TV. Nicola – Speaker C I’ve always loved the sea. It’s so huge and powerful, and you’re never quite sure what it’s going to do next. I used to watch the lifeboats go out when I was young, so it’s not really surprising that I decided to work for the RNLI. Being a lifeguard is my idea of the perfect job! I’ve been helping with the lifeboat rescues for about two years now. Some people might say it’s not really a proper job – it’s all voluntary, you see – but we’re busy all the year round, so it’s certainly a job with plenty to do! It’s vital to be a good swimmer. The sea’s very different from a pool and I have to put in a lot of hours’ training to be strong enough to swim well in the sea. I have to be sure I can swim against a strong current, and I might also have to swim long distances. In a way, that’s the greatest danger we face – being swept away by a strong current while we’re in the middle of a rescue. Tapescript 29 1 Nobody does it better Makes me feel sad for the rest Nobody does it half as good as you Baby, you’re the best 5 I wasn’t lookin’ but somehow you found me I tried to hide from your love light But like heaven above me The spy who loved me Is keepin’ all my secrets safe tonight 10 And nobody does it better Though sometimes I wish someone could Nobody does it quite the way you do Why’d you have to be so good? The way that you hold me 15 Whenever you hold me There’s some kind of magic inside you That keeps me from runnin’ But just keep it comin’ How’d you learn to do the things you do? 20 Oh, and nobody does it better Makes me feel sad for the rest Nobody does it half as good as you Baby, baby, darlin’, you’re the best Baby you’re the best 25 Darlin’, you’re the best Baby you’re the best Let’s revise Units 5 and 6 Tapescript 30 Presenter: And today on ‘Sporting lives’, we have canoeist Alison Taylor in the studio. Alison is currently preparing for the next Olympics, where she hopes to win a medal. Welcome Alison. Alison: Thank you. Presenter: Well, canoeing is quite an unusual ‘job’, so my first question is: have you always been a canoeist? Alison: You’re right – it is unusual, and many people think it’s not a proper job – but I can promise you, it is a real career. To answer your question, no, I haven’t always been a canoeist. In fact I originally started out as a Geography teacher. Presenter: Really? And how long were you teaching for? Alison: Just a year, but I was under a lot of pressure and there was a lot of evening work. In the end I decided to do something more exciting. Presenter: So how did you get started? Alison: Well, I went on an activity holiday and really enjoyed the canoeing. When I got back, I decided to join a local club … Presenter: And obviously made a big impression! Do you have to train every day? Alison: I actually train six days out of seven. I get up at 7 o’clock and start training at nine. It’s challenging work. To race at the highest level you have to have two training sessions a day, six days out of seven. It takes quite a lot of strength and endurance. Presenter: And how do you pay for your equipment? Alison: Luckily I get some money from a lottery grant, and I’m also sponsored by a car manufacturer. They give me a car, which is very useful. Then I also get other things like a free gym membership. Presenter: And what do you spend your sponsorship money on? Alison: Well, it mostly pays for new canoes, which cost £1,000 each. I often get through two or three a year – they’re very easy to damage. Presenter: What other disadvantages are there? Alison: To be honest, canoeing can be very dangerous. I’ve had a few accidents, but my worst was when I was on a river in the French Alps. The canoe capsized and I couldn’t get free – I thought I was going to die! Fortunately I was rescued, but I was in hospital for two weeks. Presenter: You must have been really frightened. Alison: Yes, I was. But it didn’t stop me competing. Presenter: So it’s worth it, despite the danger and risk? Alison: Yes, it is. It’s a great sport and I get to compete all around the world. But most importantly it makes me feel alive. Intermediate Unit 7 Tapescript 31 Joining the on-line information revolution of the computer literate has made it possible for us to communicate with millions of people around the world. But whether we’re sending electronic mail to the office next door or broadcasting our opinions to a global audience on the Internet, we now need to learn some digital manners! A recent survey shows that hiding behind a computer gives many timid people the opportunity to say exactly what they like. These people seem to forget all they have ever been taught or have learnt about how to deal with others, and they adopt a completely different and unsuitable tone when communicating digitally. In fact, their tone is really quite rude! The messages themselves have become extremely informal. There is no need to put an address at the top and the tone is always chatty and friendly. But it has gone much further than that. Minor spelling mistakes have now become quite acceptable in email, whereas it isn’t acceptable to spell any words wrongly in a normal business letter. But be careful – this informal style can cause problems. Although emails are more like a conversation than a written letter, in fact they often sound stronger, because the words are written down. So watch out – even if you didn’t mean to be rude, your email might sound it! There’s a lot more advice around about how to make emails sound right, but I’d say the best two to remember are ‘Don’t try to be too funny or sarcastic’ and ‘Don’t send messages when you are angry’! Tapescript 33 Did you know that in the 17th century, English was spoken by 5,500,000 people? Now, it’s the first or second language of about a quarter of the world’s population and if you count the different varieties of the language – scientific, dialects, technical and so on – it has a vocabulary of something like 800,000 words – that’s more than any other language in the world! Tapescript 34 American English The English have really everything in common with the Americans except, of course, language. Tapescript 34 Woman: Lots of words cause confusion or misunderstanding on one or the other side of the Atlantic. Have you heard the story of the Englishman who met someone on an empty road in Texas who told him he had a flat? To the Englishman, a ‘flat’ was an apartment so he wondered why on earth the Texan should tell him that – but the Texan meant that his car had a flat tyre! Man: And there’s another story of the English girl who met an American in Oxford Street looking for ‘sneakers’. She thought it meant people who ‘sneak’ around talking about all the wrong things other people have done. What she wanted were ‘trainers’! – casual shoes for sports or running! Tapescript 35 Man: So, what exactly is a ‘Cockney’, then? Woman: Well, to be a true Londoner – a Cockney – you have to be born close enough to hear the bells of St. Mary le Bow church in the City of London. The Bow Bells rang to tell people to put out their fires before going to bed. This was quite a common thing in Medieval Europe. Man: Yes, but does the word itself mean anything? Woman: It’s quite a funny story, actually! The word ‘cockney’ originally meant a cock’s egg, which was a misshapen egg sometimes laid by young hens. These eggs were weaker than normal eggs, so country people used the nickname ‘cockney’ for people who lived in towns, because they thought they were weaker than country people! By the 17th century, the word ‘cockney’ was used to describe a Londoner. Man: OK – but what about ‘Cockney rhyming slang’? What actually is that? Woman: Over the years, Cockneys developed a set of secret code words which only other Cockneys could understand – for example, if a Cockney says he’s ‘on the dog and bone’, he really means that he’s on the phone! Man: So Cockney rhyming slang was originally invented so people could talk in secret? Woman: Yes, that’s right. If you spoke in Cockney rhyming slang, people in authority, such as policemen, or anybody trying to overhear you, wouldn’t be able to understand – so in fact, Cockney rhyming slang is a way of protecting yourself. Man: Whatever the reason, Cockney rhyming slang is still a closed language to those who don’t know it. But its famous humour is too good to be missed! Intermediate Unit 8 Tapescript 38 The nation was horrified when a local council house worth £200,000 was given to unemployed Tim Ellis completely free. Tim, 38, who has never paid any council tax or rent, has been squatting at the four-bedroomed terraced house for the last 16 years. According to the law, you are entitled to own a property if you are there illegally for more than 12 years without anyone checking that the house is really yours. In this case, the council had simply forgotten that it owned the house. The council apologised for letting Tim ‘slip through the net’, but other squatters are now queuing up to claim ownership of homes they live in too. Meanwhile, the rest of us are sitting in our small rented bedsits and asking ourselves the question ‘If everybody did this, nobody would need to pay any rent, so should this be allowed to happen’? We decided to go and find out. Tapescript 39 Look, I know I might sound like my Dad here, but when layabouts like him can own a home and normal hard-working people can’t afford a home, then the world really has gone mad! Many taxpayers have trouble affording even a one-bedroom flat – and yet some nobody can just never get a job, live in a council house paid for by taxpayers, and, 12 years later, he owns it! If the council was more organised, that building could now be giving a home to two needy families. Tim may claim that he’s a needy case, but there are lots of older, sicker people who would benefit from the sale of the house. And, if this is legal, why don’t we give up our jobs, every one of us, stop paying rent and be as free as a bird? I can’t afford to buy my own house – is that my fault, just because I work full-time and pay my tax? I say throw Tim out, tomorrow! Tapescript 40 OK, it’s a frustrating situation for most people, but, let’s face it, you have to admire Tim. He hasn’t broken any laws or done anything wrong – he’s simply beaten the system! It’s not his fault that the council made a mistake. In fact, ten years after Tim moved in, the council did actually order him to leave. But he stayed where he was and they didn’t bother to do anything else about it. If they’d acted before the 12-year deadline, they would’ve got the property back. But they let it go. Now they’re paying the price! In a way, you could call Tim a sort of businessman. A capitalist society encourages people to take advantage of opportunities – and that’s what he did. So instead of criticising him, we should congratulate him! Tapescript 41 1 Father wears his Sunday best Mother’s tired she needs a rest The kids are playing up downstairs Sister’s sighing in her sleep 5 Brother’s got a date to keep He can’t hang around Our house, in the middle of our street Our house, in the middle of our … Our house it has a crowd 10 There’s always something happening And it’s usually quite loud Our mum she’s so house-proud Nothing ever slows her down And a mess is not allowed 15 Father gets up late for work Mother has to iron his shirt Then she sends the kids to school Sees them off with a small kiss She’s the one they’re going to miss in lots of ways 20 Our house, in the middle of our street Our house, in the middle of our street Our house, in the middle of our street Our house, in the middle of our street Our house was our castle and our keep 25 Our house, in the middle of our street Our house, that was where we used to sleep Our house, in the middle of our street Our house… Let’s revise Units 7 and 8 Tapescript 42 Do you know who is living next door to you? According to a recent survey, over a third of people do not know their next-door neighbours, and those who do rarely speak to them. Experts say this is because of longer working hours, the popularity of satellite television and the length of time people spend emailing each other or shopping on the Internet. In other words, new technology has had a negative impact on neighbourhood relationships. In fact most neighbours only talk to each other when they want to complain. Before people move house they should try to find out about their new neighbours. This is because some neighbours, usually bad ones, can have a big influence on our life. They could be unfriendly, play their music too loudly, own a dog which barks all the time – or, more seriously, they could be criminals or drug dealers. Statistics show that more people’s lives are ruined by bad neighbours than by anything else. But once you’ve moved, it’s too late to discover you’ve made a mistake. Tapescript 42 Speaker 1 I’ve been having problems with my neighbour for a while. He’s just moved in and he’s quite young. It all started when he began playing music late at night. Two or three times a week I would be kept awake by loud music and crashes from next door. I’ve no idea what he was doing. Last week was the worst. The music went on from 6 p.m. to 10.30 a.m. the next morning. In the end I had to leave the house and sleep in my car! Speaker 2 About six weeks ago, a family with two teenage boys moved in next door. At first they seemed OK, but things became difficult last week. The boys were always playing football in the street and the ball kept on coming into the garden. Then a few days ago I got angry and refused to give the ball back. That was a mistake and since then the kids have been rude and abusive. Rubbish, tin cans and glass have all been thrown into the garden. Speaker 3 When the house was sold next door, I was looking forward to meeting my new neighbours. They were a middle-aged couple, and seemed very pleasant, although a bit eccentric. Everything was fine until December. They decided to decorate their house with fairy lights and put a Father Christmas and fifteen reindeers in the front garden. It was fine during Christmas, and the children in the street loved it. But now they’ve decided to keep the decorations up all year. To be honest, they look a bit of a mess. Intermediate Unit 9 Tapescript 44 You have reached the offices of the VisitOz Agency. Unfortunately, there is no-one available at the moment to answer your call. If you would like information about our agency, please press 3 now. Welcome to the information line for the VisitOz Agency. We have all the contacts you will need for your visit to Australia. We run our own training school, and we are a job placement agency. We find jobs for overseas visitors on Australian farms, host farms and outback stations. In addition, we run a four-day course covering different ranch skills at a cost of $450. If you pass, we will find you outback work during your time in Australia. If you are interested in further information you can phone, send a fax, or email us at the following address: www.users.big … Tapescript 44 Kirstie I wanted to experience an outdoor life, so I spent a month on a ranch. It was dirty work but I enjoyed the riding, so I decided to try mustering cattle. I’m not receiving any wages, only board and lodging, but I get by. You see, I didn’t travel to the outback for money. Mustering in the mountains is difficult. I often can’t see anyone else for miles, and I don’t always know where I’m going. Sometimes, I’ll come across a steep hill and I have to get off my horse and lead it down. That can be pretty frightening. And being in the mountains on your own can also be a bit confusing. I often mistake a dead tree for a cow. When I can’t see anyone else, I worry that I’ll get stuck here. Simon Since I arrived here four months ago, I’ve been on a large cattle station in outback Queensland. I do any job that’s going. You name it, I’ll do it! To tell the truth, the only work I really hate is fencing – digging all those deep holes, cutting trees for posts – it’s hard, it’s hot and you don’t get used to it. I’ve even done cattle musters on a motorbike instead of a horse but I didn’t enjoy those because I fell off! The huge open spaces are a bit boring, though. There’s nothing but flat ground and dusty tracks that go on for ever. Mind you, there are beautiful sunsets – they’re really fantastic. It’s as if the sky is on fire. Lucy I teach children on a ranch at the edge of the Great Sandy Desert. I live in what you’d call a tin shed. Actually, the school’s just a caravan. But the worst thing is the heat. It’s so difficult to cool down. You can’t escape from that. The generator for the electricity has to be turned off for two hours a day because it gets too hot, so we can’t have the fridge on and all the food goes off. Living here is certainly not easy but it’s what I wanted. Each day’s exciting. One day, I heard the dogs barking, looked over and saw an enormous snake on the ground. I knew it was poisonous and all the kids started screaming. But luckily it decided to leave before we had a chance to do anything about it. I’m a good teacher, but I’m not very good with poisonous snakes! Intermediate Unit 10 Tapescript 47 Maria Hello there, my name’s Maria Tamwith. I’d love to go on the cycling trip. I’m 25 years old, and have two small children, so I reckon I’m very fit, running around after them all the time! Oh, don’t worry, my husband can look after them if I get chosen for the trip. The only thing is, I work full time, so I’d only have the three weeks available as holiday. I hope that’s OK. I could pay for myself as I have savings. Any previous experience … oh yes, I’ve done this kind of thing before. Two years ago I went on a trek in the Australian outback. I love meeting new people and challenges. Please call me back on 020 7348 9211 after 6 p.m. if possible. Thank you. Goodbye. John Hi, my name’s John Marsh, and I’m 30. I used to work as a fitness consultant at a sports centre, but I was made redundant last year, so I’ve got all the time in the world! I still keep fit though, and help with the local kids’ football team after school and on Saturdays. I’m afraid I wouldn’t be able to finance the trip myself. We have no children, but my wife only earns enough for us to live on. That said, I’d be really keen to help out in any way I could, getting everybody ready and helping with the organisation of the trip. Oh, yes, my phone number’s 0276 4588712. Thank you. Sue Hello? Oh, my name is Sue, Sue Renton. I’m a very keen cyclist – I go on lots of organised rides – and I’ve been right across Scotland, which was good fun but really hard work! I’d love to come to India. I could get lots of people to sponsor me but I don’t have any money of my own. Oh, I forgot to say, I’m 18 and I’ve just finished school, so I’d have lots of time to prepare for the trip. I live with my parents at the moment. Um, I guess I’m friendly and sociable and I’ve got a good sense of humour, or so people tell me! My phone number is 020 8459 0034. Bye! Tapescript 48 Speaker 1 I went somewhere the other day and they had a huge area of the town just dedicated to different types of recycling bins for rubbish. Everything from glass to newspapers and old shoes. I thought it was a great idea. I’m all for it! Speaker 2 The thing about wind power is that it’s cheap and clean – and it’s just there for the taking, if we choose to use it. I think it’s quite astonishing when you look around and see how much nature still has to offer us! Speaker 3 The thing is, I can understand why people need wood, but often they don’t realise that cutting down forests can have a negative effect on the environment. Speaker 4 Well, I think you’d be surprised just how many trees are actually being planted in the world every day. It’s not all bad news, you know! I’m certainly not that pessimistic about it. Tapescript 49 News presenter: And now the weather with Paul Coles. Paul: Good evening. Well, the forecast for tomorrow is not very good, I’m afraid. There’ll be heavy showers and thunderstorms during the night all over the country and rain will continue to affect all areas throughout the morning and late into the afternoon, with the possibility of fog, too. There is a strong chance of flooding in many places and flood warnings have been issued for Wales and the south west. We are advising people to phone the flood hotline for further updates. The number is 0845 889881. As far as the weekend is concerned … Tapescript 49 Scientists have concluded that the seas around Britain are rising at an alarming rate, and this theory is based on a book of measurements made by a Liverpool pirate over 200 years ago. The measurements were made by a Captain Hutchinson in the late 1700s. His findings show that the effects of global warming caused by industrial gases may be worse than we previously thought. The measurements made by the pirate captain have given us more information about these dangers. Hutchinson was born in 1715 and started his working life as a common sailor. He later became a pirate captain – and nobody quite understands why! The trouble was, he wasn’t at all the kind of man who should have been a pirate – he was, in fact, a polite, religious man. Eventually he gave up being a pirate, and became the master of the dock at Liverpool, which at that time was a very important port indeed. He’s now remembered as one of the city’s historical heroes. One of the jobs he did was measure how high the sea came up against the wall at the city’s old dock. He measured the sea’s height every day for 30 years, and thanks to him, we have the first set of records ever made of this. Hutchinson’s measurements showed that there was hardly any change in sea levels during that time. It was only in the middle of the 19th century that the trouble really began. In the 20th century, it got worse when sea levels rose by 10 to 25 centimetres. Next century, it’s predicted that they will rise by at least 50 centimetres, probably because the polar ice caps will melt. When the sea level rises, it’s certain that some areas of land will be flooded and become part of the sea. Islands such as Britain have a lot to be worried about. The question is, what are we going to do about it? Tapescript 50 1 I want to see what people saw I want to feel like I felt before I want to see the kingdom come I want to feel forever young 5 I want to sing To sing my song I want to live in a world where I belong I want to live I will survive 10 And I believe that it won’t be very long If we turn, turn, turn, turn, turn Turn, turn, turn, And if we turn, turn, turn, turn, turn Then we might learn, learn 15 So where’s the stars? Up in the sky And what’s the moon? A big balloon We’ll never know unless we grow 20 There’s so much world outside the door I want to sing To sing my song I want to live in a world where I’ll be strong I want to live 25 I will survive And I believe that it won’t be very long If we turn, turn, turn, turn, turn Turn, turn, turn, And if we turn, turn, turn, turn, turn 30 Then we might learn, learn If we turn, turn, turn, turn, turn Turn, turn, turn, And if we turn, turn, turn, turn, turn Then we might learn 35 Learn to turn, turn Tapescript 51 Mark Taylor I’ve been sailing now for 15 years – that’s why I was asked to be captain. I’ve actually sailed round the world once before – three years ago – so I know how challenging it can be. In fact, it was because I liked the challenge that I decided to do this again. It’s not an easy voyage, but it’s very satisfying when you cross that finishing line. Before the race, I was quite looking forward to meeting the rest of the crew. I was going to be sharing an 18-metre yacht with them for the next few months, so it was important that we got on together. Fortunately it was fine. Funnily enough, the most difficult thing was saying goodbye to my family. But after so many months of preparation, I was keen to leave. Karen Turner There were lots of things we had to get used to during the race. The main thing was working as a team – essential if you want to win. Lack of sleep was another problem. At night we took it in turns to sail the boat, so we could only sleep for four hours at a time. And then of course there’s sea sickness. It usually takes a few days to get over this. I remember feeling ill during a storm in the Bay of Biscay. I also kept on slipping and hurting myself! The sea was very rough and seemed to make absolutely everything wet. I was completely soaked and very uncomfortable. But the worst thing is stuff falling on you. If the ship is sailing through a rough sea, then something is bound to hit you on the head. Judy Rudland We stopped over in Singapore, which was fantastic, and Hong Kong, which was even better! But I think our most memorable trip was to Cuba. Oh, there was so much to see and do – we saw some spectacular sights. After we left Cuba we had a visitor on board. It was a small bird, which was probably flying south. It stayed with us for a few days, sitting on people’s shoulders and picking up scraps of food. It was the only wildlife we’d seen at sea, apart from one or two dolphins and a flying fish. After a few days of feeding it left us. Simon Matthews When you’re at sea for a long time you start to miss everyday things, things that you usually take for granted. For example, having a shower, watching television or cooking your favourite meal – you just can’t do these things at sea. For me, food was the biggest problem. Most things we ate were tasteless and out of a tin. On the positive side, one of the great things about sailing is the marine life you see. During the voyage we saw dolphins and on one occasion a whale. Another plus is the sunset and sunrise. At sea these can be really spectacular. But I think the best experience was during the final moments of the race. At the finish there were three yachts left, all racing within metres of each other. It was incredibly exciting. Upper-Intermediate Unit 1 Tapescript 1 Ten years ago Monsieur Pagneux bought a dusty old photograph in an antique market in Paris. It measured just five point eight centimetres by four point five centimetres and showed a rather miserable-looking man with untidy hair. It wasn't very expensive, no one knew who the person was, but for some reason it attracted him. It was not until the picture was cleaned and restored recently, that the owner realised what he had found. That photograph has now been identified as perhaps the world's oldest photographic image of a person. Experts believe that the photo was taken in 1837 by Louis Daguerre who invented the first practical form of photography. At that time, people still thought it was technically impossible to 'fix' the permanent image of a face and Daguerre's discovery was unknown until 1839. Experts say that the subject, identified as Daguerre's friend Nicolas Huet, had to stand completely still for at least two minutes while the photograph was taken from a distance of around three point seven metres. Monsieur Huet clearly had little faith that his friend's experiment would work because he had made no effort to comb his wild hair and he certainly wasn't smiling. Tapescript 2 A sixteen year-old British model who is determined to stay at school against her father's advice has won a modelling contract with a large cosmetics company. Anna Pimm, who earned £6500 per day during her school holidays modelling at shows in New York, has been chosen to appear in television commercials that’ll be shown world wide. Her father, Peter Pimm, who runs a motor repair business, has urged her to leave school so that she can take full advantage of her earning power. But Anna has refused to stop studying for her three A-level subjects: Maths, History of Art and Design Technology. 'I will be able to fit most of the filming around my holidays, so hopefully I won't need to take too much time off school. Passing my exams will give me much more satisfaction than any modelling assignment. What I really want to do is go to university.' Tapescript 3 Interviewer: Zack, how long have you been a model? Zack: Well, I'm twenty-three now, and I guess I started when I was about nineteen. Interviewer: And was it always an ambition of yours? Zack: Not at all. In fact an agent approached me! She saw me in a café in Covent Garden in London and gave me her business card. Interviewer: And so you went to see her? Zack: Yeah, I was at university at the time. Interviewer: And have you been working with that agency ever since? Zack: Not now, actually. I was with her for about two years, but I wasn't really getting enough work, so I changed. You can spend a lot of time sitting at home waiting for the phone to ring in this job, you know. Although when it does, it feels great. Interviewer: What's been your most exciting job so far? Zack: Um ... well, I did the Autumn collections in Milan a few years ago and that was pretty amazing. Very hard work, but great fun. Interviewer: And what's been your worst experience? Zack: Well, the worst thing was the time when I tripped up and fell over as I walked onto the catwalk at a really big fashion show in London. It wasn't my fault, there was something wrong with the carpet. But the worst thing was the designer. She went mad because, you know, it meant attention was taken away from the clothes. The way she went on about it, you'd think I did it on purpose. And it got on TV, so all my family saw it too. So did all my friends! Interviewer: Do you think modelling has changed the way people look at you? Zack: In some ways, yeah. A few people, if they don't know me well, assume I must be really rich or that I go out with film stars and all that sort of thing. My real friends know I'm just an ordinary guy really. I don't try to live up to the image people have of top models, so my friends' attitude towards me hasn't changed at all. Interviewer: And what about your family? Are they happy that you've become a model? Zack: My father has always been against it. So has my mother in a way. They don’t see it as a real career. They think I should be getting some qualifications. Interviewer: I wanted to ask you about that. How did you manage to combine your university course and your modelling career? Zack: Well, I didn't basically. It was a question of priorities. The modelling work always came at the wrong moment, so I got behind with my studies and eventually I dropped out altogether. Interviewer: Any thoughts of going back? Zack: No, but I'll have to do something because the older you get, the less likely it is that you're going to make it, you know, become really well-known or make a lot of money. There's always new, younger models being discovered and you begin to lose your looks as you get older. Interviewer: And so what about the future? Do you want to carry on modelling? Zack: I haven't made any plans. I'm still hoping for a big break. I'm interested in fashion journalism, though, so maybe I'll do that later. Interviewer: Well, good luck whatever you do, and thanks for talking to me. Zack: Thanks. Upper-Intermediate Unit 2 Tapescript 5 Well, for anyone moving to another country, I suppose the first thing you‘ve gotta get used to is the jokes. Things like ‘What’s the greatest academic contradiction? Answer: American history!’, and: ‘Did you hear about the American who wouldn’t go to see Shakespeare’s Henry the Fifth because he hadn’t seen the other four?’ And I haven’t even started on the political jokes or the imitation of the accent. I moved to England from New York some years ago, when I was eleven, in fact. With the quick perception that eleven-year-olds seem to have, I quickly came to learn that the name of the game was not to be different from everybody else, but to try to fit in. I immediately started work on getting rid of my accent and tried to become as English as possible. Instead of asking for ‘kawfee’, it was ‘Earl Grey tea, please.’ I suppose we kids found our parents’ American-
ness a little embarrassing, so we tried to immerse ourselves completely in the culture of our new city. We wore British-style clothes, ate bacon and eggs for breakfast and watched Neighbours on TV after school. By the time I was studying for my last school exams, I had almost begun to reject any connections I’d previously had with the States. When I did go to university, I chose the oldest, most ‘English’ university I could find. And can you guess what my subject was? English literature, of course! My sister was, and still is, more adaptable. She’s always been able to switch from one accent to another and is as at home in London as she is in the States. For her, it’s not a question of self-identity. My accent remains mid-Atlantic. I think, part of my continuing embarrassment was the fact that I didn’t like myself much. Maybe it was my teenage way of blaming my parents for moving us to London. Other teenagers reject their parents’ dress sense – I rejected their nationality. After university, I lived in France for a year. I slowly stopped feeling sensitive about my nationality. I stopped being afraid that people would make unfair judgements about me. More importantly, I decided to stop taking myself so seriously. I still find myself waiting for the inevitable American joke. But clearly, I’m getting better at coming to terms with my ‘dual’ nationality. After all, I’ve told you all how I feel, haven’t I? Tapescript 6 I’m a perfumer. I suppose I’ve been lucky to get a job like this because there are only about 500 perfumers in the entire world. You don’t need any particular qualifications – only a good sense of smell. Well, the company I work for has a branch in Paris, so after I’d been with them for a while I asked if I could be transferred there. I’d always wanted to live there – and, to my surprise, they said ‘yes’. It was tough at first because, of course, you need to speak French, and mine wasn’t that hot! For the first six months, I felt like a complete idiot and had nothing to say at all. I’m fine now, though. I’ve had French lessons and I’m fluent. I can’t get rid of my accent, but people tell me that the French like an English accent. Um, I’ll never be able to pass myself off as a Frenchman – but that’s probably an advantage. I’m a bit of a novelty! Living in Paris is great. The area I live in is quite trendy – there are loads of restaurants and cafés. The downside is that the traffic is appalling and people are sometimes rude. But that’s the same in any big city, isn’t it? Another thing is that everyone I meet seems to smoke and I’m trying to give it up, which isn’t very easy. But I do still appreciate what a beautiful city Paris is, especially at night. I was only supposed to be here for 18 months, but I’ve been promoted and I’m thinking of staying here permanently. There’s a prestige thing, too. If you want to work in making fine perfumes, for big names, then, yes, it’s better to be working in Paris! Tapescript 7 God works in mysterious ways, mysterious ways One man, one goal, one mission One heart, one soul, just one solution One flash of light, yeah, one God, one vision 5 One flesh, one bone One true religion One voice, one hope One real decision Gimme one vision 10 Hey No wrong, no right I'm gonna tell you there's no black and no white No blood, no stain All we need is one worldwide vision 15 One flesh, one bone One true religion One race, one hope One real decision Oh yeah oh yeah oh yeah 20 I had a dream When I was young A dream of sweet illusion A glimpse of hope and unity And visions of one sweet union 25 But a cold wind blows And a dark rain falls And in my heart it shows Look what they've done to my dream, yeah One vision 30 So give me your hands Give me your hearts I'm ready There's only one direction One world, one nation 35 Yeah one vision No hate, no fight Just excitation All through the night It's a celebration 40 Yeah One flesh, one bone One true religion One voice, one hope One real decision 45 Gimme one light Gimme one hope Just gimme One man one man One bar one night 50 One day Just gimme gimme gimme gimme One vision Tapescript 8 Interviewer: An unusual sound can be heard in many classrooms in Britain nowadays: the sound of students and teachers laughing. The idea of introducing humour into the classroom originated in the United States, where experts proved that a rigid, disciplinarian approach to learning often demotivated students. The studies concluded that humour was a way of motivating people to learn. I talked to education expert Dr Sam Barnes. Dr Sam Barnes: Visitors are to our school are often surprised to see students and teachers laughing. But everyone, at all levels, is beginning to realise that if students can enjoy studying, their chances of being successful are that much greater. We reckon that humour in class can not only help to improve concentration – it can also help students to get better results. Let’s revise Units 1 and 2 Tapescript 9 Interviewer: Is it cool on the catwalk? Probably. Yet shows and supermodels are just the tip of the fashion iceberg. The fashion industry covers many different areas and offers many different career opportunities. Today in the studio we have fashion editor, Florence Torrens from Elle magazine in London. So Florence, what does your job involve? Florence: Well, anything from arranging photoshoots to trips to fashion shows and writing articles. The job’s very varied. One day I could be working on a photoshoot, the next attending a show in Milan. Interviewer: So have you always been interested in fashion? Florence: Yes, always and I always knew I wanted to work in the business. Interviewer: Did you need special qualifications to get into the industry? Florence: Well, actually, the qualifications I have aren't that relevant! I studied law at university. Interviewer: Oh! Why did you do that? Florence: Well, at the time um, there weren't the right opportunities for me to study fashion. Also, there wasn't much careers advice available in my school so I ended up reading law. Interviewer: Mm, and how did you get into the fashion industry? Florence: Well, I did lots of holiday and Saturday jobs in clothes shops. Then, after my degree, I moved to London and managed to get some unpaid press office work with a fashion retailer. In the end, they employed me, and I worked in all the different departments learning about styling, training and press work. Interviewer: So do you get to go to all the fashion shows and to travel the world? Florence: Yes, but it's not as glamorous as it sounds. It's hard work and I'm away from home for two full months a year during the season, then there are lots of short trips throughout the rest of the year. Interviewer: What about the rewards - do you get lots of free clothes? Florence: Well, we do get quite a few gifts but they're not always what you’d choose for yourself! The job is relatively well paid and there are plenty of opportunities for freelance work. Interviewer: What's your advice to anyone who wants to work in the fashion industry? Florence: Just to realise how many different jobs there are and not to be too narrow in your ambitions. Interviewer: And any tips for actually getting a job as a fashion editor? Florence: Two words: 'Work experience'. It's the best way in. The more you have, the more likely you are to get a job. You should try and get as much experience as you can in the holidays. Unfortunately, in this business, it's quite often unpaid. Interviewer: Last question, when you wake up in the mornings do you look forward to work? Florence: Oh completely. This really is my dream job. Upper-Intermediate Unit 3 Tapescript 10 Speaker 1: Jessica Leeman We choose the most up-to-date news first from what we’ve read in the papers or magazines. Then we use the Internet to get more information, but it can be hard to track things down, unless you know exactly what you’re looking for. Newspaper archives on the Web are excellent, but I don’t think the Web has changed the way people get their day-to-day news – well, most people in this country read about current events on the train or over breakfast. Where the Web’s had a huge impact is in getting more information about what you’ve already read. Speaker 2: John Woodcock I don’t spend hours surfing the Net for news. The print version is still superior. Some web sites are worth a glance but they don’t yet have the same in-depth coverage as most magazines and papers. In future, I think the Net will allow greater diversity of interests. But access isn’t advanced enough yet to make it as user-friendly as picking up a magazine or paper. But that’s changing all the time. I do think newspapers and magazines will still be around in 10 years’ time, in the sense that they’ll still be brand names, but the move to electronic media will continue. Speaker 3: Chris Campbell Once the Internet moves into mainstream television broadcasting, a lot of the text-based news services on the Net will become obsolete. The Web’s role as a news provider will become less important as the entertainment industry moves into interactive broadcasting. Newspapers and magazines in their traditional form will then become more relevant as they’ll be the only place you can find news without being constantly bothered by advertising. Frankly, my job involves spending so much time in front of computers that I avoid using the Net for fun! Speaker 4: Richard Colebourn I read some newspapers and magazines in print and others on the Internet. Within 10 years, I think on-line operations may become even more important within media organisations because the Internet has the advantage of speed. When major stories break, people will go straight to the Web, as they go to news channels now. But I’m still unsure about claims that the Internet will kill off broadcasting, or the press. TV and radio are convenient and comfortable – and picking up a newspaper or magazine is far more enjoyable then reading from a screen. Speaker 5: Jonti Small Newspapers and magazines needn’t be too worried. I think new technology will supplement rather than replace them – at least while computers are less pleasant or convenient. Some websites are good and their information’s reliable – although information found on most Internet sites can’t be relied on! But they’re a resource, rather than a habit – like taking a newspaper or buying your favourite magazine. Once they start to offer something noticeably different, then the future will become more interesting. The way in which the Net develops will shape how we see and receive our news and information about what’s going on in the world. Tapescript 11 I don’t spend hours surfing the Net for news. Upper-Intermediate Unit 4 Tapescript 12 Well, it’s Friday morning and here I am high on a windswept craggy outcrop somewhere in the mists above Glencoe in the Scottish Highlands. I’m playing the role of a climber who’s taken a tumble and I’m lying ‘unconscious’. Never mind my pretend broken hip – if help doesn’t get here soon, hypothermia will finish me off. But I can hear an excited bark and yes, it’s a warm nose that’s nuzzling into me. Well done, Corrie. Clever dog! So Corrie the search and rescue dog has found his man. I’m here to cover the annual assessment weekend of the Search and Rescue Dog Association of Scotland. It’s a busy time for all the dogs and handlers who want to gain a place on one of the twenty-eight Scottish rescue dog teams. It’s a tough test. Rescue dogs have to be trusted with farm animals, they shouldn’t be frightened when rescue flares go off and they can’t afford to be nervous when they’re being winched up into a helicopter. The great thing about these dogs is that they’re all pets. Like their owners, all members of the Scottish Mountain Rescue Teams, they’re on call to attend any emergency involving people missing in the mountains. Working with the police and the RAF Mountain Rescue Teams, the dogs soon arrive at the site of a search. Last year, 184 Scottish rescue dogs performed more than 53 searches. Because a dog can pick up the scent of a person some 500 yards from where they’re lying, often buried in the snow, it can save hours of time. It’s been estimated that one dog’s efforts are equivalent to those of 20 to 40 people! It takes at least two years to train a dog using techniques developed by teams working in British cities during the Second World War. Today’s mountain rescue owes a lot to the foresight of Hamish Macinnes, the leader of the Glencoe Mountain Rescue Team who was invited to Switzerland to see the work of avalanche dogs. He started a training course in Scotland with six dogs and their handlers. Canine search and rescue has come a long way since. But, watching the dogs Midge, Corrie and Holly at work above Glencoe is a revelation. Somewhere out there, buried deep in a snow hole, is Stuart, Corrie’s owner. A sniff here, a scratch there, and in no time they’ve found him. Lots of praise, a squeaky toy reward and they’re happy. It’s me next and as I’m lowered into the snow again I can’t help hoping that the dogs haven’t lost their touch. I needn’t worry, though. I’m assured that it’ll only be a matter of minutes until a grinning canine face appears above me, looking as if it wants to play. Good girl, Holly. The next round of dog biscuits is on me! Tapescript 14 For Percy Ross, an 82-year-old who, for the last 17 years, has been giving away the fortune he made from his bin bag business, the time of reckoning has come! He’s been writing a newspaper column called ‘Thanks a million’ in an American newspaper ever since he retired, and he’s spent the same 17 years offering to spend his wealth on good causes. His motto is: ‘He who gives while he lives also knows where it goes’. He says he has always believed his health would give out before his wealth but now, in a final newspaper column, he is saying, ‘That’s all folks!’ Of his funds, only two hundred thousand dollars remain, which he’s decided to give to anyone who comes up with an idea to improve road safety. Ross was born in Michigan, the son of a poor immigrant family. He made personal fortunes in the fur trade and auctioneering before going bankrupt, then started again with a company which manufactured bin bags. He sold the company for eight million dollars, divided the profits between the members of his family, then set about giving his share to worthy causes. Now the money has gone. But America may not have heard the last of the man who is always supporting worthy causes. He’s now reputed to be considering hosting his own TV show. Let’s revise Units 3 and 4 Tapescript 15 Speaker 1 I think it’s true to say that the most popular programmes on television are soap operas. People think of them as escapism, but this isn’t necessarily the case. The stories in soaps often reflect reality. They show people in difficult situations such as divorce or death, and how they cope. I think they show you what to do and what not to do in certain situations. Speaker 2 Nowadays, with digital TV, people have hundreds of channels to choose from and far more soap operas to watch. The problem is that many channels could show endless re-runs of poor-quality soaps which sensationalise, trivialise and generally set a bad example. They use shocking or controversial storylines to attract viewers, and, worryingly, many of these viewers are children. Speaker 3 Soaps are really popular with teenagers. In fact more teenagers watch adult soaps than watch children’s programmes. Young people also use catchphrases from American and Australian soap operas, such as ‘that is so not true’, ‘I’ll get it sorted’, and ‘no worries, mate’. And a recent survey found out that teenagers were more familiar with the American police emergency number 911 than our own 999! Speaker 4 I love soap operas and so do my children. Because some things, such as bullying or relationship problems, are dealt with in soaps, they feel they can talk more easily about these issues. I also think soaps can be very moral. All in all they set a good example – the good guys always win and the bad guys are always punished. Upper-Intermediate Unit 5 Tapescript 15 Darren Filkins: Rachel Anderson is Britain’s only female football agent. She’s also a former journalist who knows the power of the press. Rachel, welcome to the studio today. Rachel Anderson: Hi, Darren. It’s good to be here. Darren: So, Rachel – I’ve been dying to ask you. How did you become a football agent? Rachel: As a matter of fact, I was doing an aerobics course and we were talking about how the reporters can give players a hard time, even though they’re good players and how some players couldn’t really deal with the press very well. Anyway, it turned out that footballer Julian Dicks’s wife was in the class and she said I was right. She asked me for some advice and pointed out that women were often more successful at handling the press tactfully than men, and, well … Darren: So it was quite by accident, really. Things just took off from there, as it were! Rachel: That’s right. They both sort of challenged me to be his agent for a year. Darren: And what does a football agent actually do? I suspect it’s not a nine to five job! Rachel: As a matter of fact, from about seven in the morning to sometimes eleven at night I talk to loads of people. If a player is happy at a club, I can make their career more successful by getting them sponsorship. If they’re unhappy, I try to find them another club to play for. I always encourage players to have an alternative career – just in case they’re injured. It makes sense. Darren: And, if it’s not a rude question, how much do you earn? Rachel: Anything between twenty-five thousand and a hundred thousand pounds a year, if I’m lucky! Darren: That sounds like an awful lot of money to me! Rachel: It does – but you have to remember that I pay all my expenses myself. That includes flights, for example. And I pay five people to work for me on a part-time basis, you know. So, believe me, it’s nowhere near as much as it sounds! Darren: True but even so. It’s more than most people make in a year! Um … have you always liked football? Rachel: Not at all. My family were all rugby people! But I went to matches with friends and it sort of grew from that! Darren: But you have played the game yourself, haven’t you? Rachel: Good heavens – not me! I’ve got better things to do with my time! Darren: Would you like to see more women working in football? Rachel: If they’re good enough, yes. But like everything else, success depends on how good you are – rather than on whether you’re male or female! Darren: And what does your family think of your career? They must be delighted. It must give them a lot of street cred to have someone in the family who knows so many famous footballers! Rachel: I think you’re probably right there! Darren: Rachel, thanks for joining us in the studio today. Tapescript 17 1 women, injured, time, give 2 good, fool, look, book 3 sense, scene, career, press 4 fact, happy, pay, male 5 rugby, huge, must, unhappy 6 job, only, from, most Tapescript 18 I work all night, I work all day, to pay the bills I have to pay Ain’t it sad And still there never seems to be a single penny left for me That’s too bad 5 In my dreams I have a plan If I got me a wealthy man I wouldn’t have to work at all, I’d fool around and have a ball ... Money, money, money Must be funny 10 In the rich man’s world Money, money, money Always sunny In the rich man’s world All the things I could do 15 If I had a little money It’s a rich man’s world It’s a rich man’s world A man like that is hard to find but I can’t get him off my mind Ain’t it sad 20 And if he happens to be free I bet he wouldn’t fancy me That’s too bad So I must leave, I’ll have to go To Las Vegas or Monaco And win a fortune in a game, my life will never be the same ... 25 Money, money, money Must be funny In the rich man’s world Money, money, money Always sunny 30 In the rich man’s world All the things I could do If I had a little money It’s a rich man’s world It’s a rich man’s world Upper-Intermediate Unit 6 Tapescript 19 The sun died. Night slipped from the cottonwoods. A few lights from the trailer could be seen in the river, just enough to let him know it was still there. Suddenly, he didn’t like the idea of his sister running away, going back all alone to Chicago. They’d come from there with their parents - to live in this rented trailer park until their new house was ready to live in. ‘You’re not going to do it, are you?’ She giggled. ‘Are you crazy? Leave this paradise? Sorry, Paulie, but I got two years till graduation. I’m not going to mess it up, no matter what’. She turned her head again; all he saw was her eyes. ‘But then, I’m gonna leave this town so fast, you won’t even remember what I look like’. He grinned. ‘That won’t be hard.’ A second passed in silence before they exploded into laughter. Then Patty got the hiccups, and Paulie took great pleasure in thumping her on the back. ‘I’m serious’, she insisted, her face flushed. ‘I’m not joking’. ‘Yeah, well’, he said, rubbing his nose. ‘So am I’. Off to their left, beyond the last tree, something began to hiss. Paulie heard it first, and frowned as he looked upriver, trying to see through the dark. ‘Pat?’ ‘Huh?’ ‘Do snakes come out at night?’ ‘What are you talking about? What snakes?’ He reached over and grabbed her arm to hush her up. There was hissing, slow and steady, almost too soft to hear. ‘No,’ she whispered. ‘At least, I, I don’t think so. It’s too cool, you know? They like it hot, or something.’ Maybe she was right, but it sure sounded like snakes to him. A lot of them. Patty touched his hand, to get him to release her and to tell him she had heard it, too. Whatever it was. They couldn’t see a thing. Overhead, the breeze blew softly through the leaves, and he looked up quickly, holding his breath until he realised what it was. There was another thing he hated about this stupid place: it made too many sounds he couldn’t identify, especially after sunset. Every one of them frightened him a bit. The hissing moved. Except now it sounded like quick, deep whispering, and Paulie shifted up to one knee, trying to make out something, anything, that would give him a clue as to who was out there and what they were doing. Patty crawled up behind him. A hand resting on his back. ‘Let’s get out of here, Paulie, huh? Tapescript 21 As you may or may not know, Stonehenge is the most famous and most frequently visited monument in Britain. What you probably don’t know is that the name comes from an old English word ‘hengen’, which means ‘hanging’ stones. According to experts, Stonehenge must have been built between 2500 and 2000 bc. It was originally thought that the Druids, priests of the Celtic people who lived in England, might have constructed the building. But it’s now agreed that the Druids couldn’t have done so, as they didn’t arrive in the country until many years later. In addition, such fine stonework dating to that period has not been found anywhere else in north-west Europe , so people think that the construction may have been in the hands either of a man from Greece or from Crete, or someone who knew a lot about stone monuments in those countries. Where the stones came from is also a bit of a mystery. They could have come from South Wales, over a hundred miles away, but it must have taken a tremendous effort in those days to drag the stones all that way! There have been many disagreements about what the purpose of the building was but various possibilities emerge. It could have been a religious building or it might have been a place where people studied the stars. Let’s revise Units 5 and 6 Tapescript 22 Interviewer: Most five-year-olds play with teddy bears, but as a child, Jordan Walker was fascinated by … a computer. That interest has paid off – now at just 19 years old, he’s worth an amazing £4 million and has set up two successful websites. So Jordan, how did you get the idea for your first website, X- Jordan Walker: Well, I got my first Internet connection when I was 14. It was very exciting. At the time I was really into extreme sports, like bungee jumping and sky diving. I used to visit chatrooms to talk about them, and soon started emailing information about the different sports to fans all over the world – you see, there wasn’t an Internet site for extreme sports back then. Interviewer: That’s when you had the idea for Jordan: That’s right. As soon as the site was up and running, over fifteen thousand people visited it a day, and a hundred thousand during official extreme sports competitions! Within three years I’d sold it to a cable television company for two million pounds. Interviewer: So what was your next project? Jordan: Funnily enough, this time it was school and my exams which provided the inspiration. I decided to develop a website to help students with their homework and revision. I called it and so far it’s been a big success. Interviewer: And what sort of things are there on the site? Jordan: Well, there are past exam papers for students to study, sample essay plans, plus tips on how to approach revision. And we provide links to other useful educational sites. Interviewer: What about your own education? It must have been hard work setting up a business and studying. Did your schoolwork suffer? Jordan: It was hard work at the beginning, but I managed to set up the homelearner site and pass all my A-levels. Last year I took a year out to develop the website more, but now I’m hoping to get a place at university. Interviewer: What are you going to study? Jordan: I’d like to do a degree in Information Technology and Spanish. Interviewer: So, no plans to retire at 25? Jordan: I don’t think so. I couldn’t imagine not working or studying, and anyway, I want to be as normal as possible. I still play football and go out with my friends. Interviewer: So have you any advice for other young would-be entrepreneurs? Jordan: Actually, I have. If things don’t work out, don’t give up, and try to think big. If you’re determined enough, you’ll succeed. Upper-Intermediate Unit 7 Tapescript 23 Ticket seller: Good morning. London Eye. How can I help you? Customer: Er… right… I’d like six tickets for the London Eye, please. Ticket seller: Certainly. When for? Customer: Today … now. Ticket seller: I’m sorry, sir, but all today’s tickets are sold out. Customer: Oh! I didn’t realise you had to book in advance. Ticket seller: Well – it’s not always necessary. But this is a holiday weekend and the weather’s good. It’s always really busy on weekends like these. I could offer you something for Monday. Customer: Oh, well, I guess we’ll have to come on Monday, then. Ticket seller: So, what time would you like? I could offer you early morning or late afternoon. Customer: Oh, er, early morning preferably. That way we’ll miss the crowds. Ticket seller: Yes … and how will you be paying? Customer: By credit card, if that’s OK. Ticket seller: That’s fine, sir. If you could just give me your credit card details ... then you can collect the tickets from the ticket office on Monday, just before your trip on the Eye … Customer: Sure. It’s an American Express card and the number is 5443 788 … Tapescript 24 Now, ladies and gentleman, before we go on the Eye, first I’d just like to give you a little information about London itself. The London Eye stands on the River Thames and many of the city’s most famous landmarks are nearby. This is no coincidence. It is because of the river that London was founded here in the first place. The Romans settled in Londinium, as it was called, at the beginning of the first millennium because the river was vital to trade and travel. The city grew but the river was always at its heart – importing and exporting goods for sale around the world and providing a safer alternative to travelling by road. But the river brought problems, too. Flooding and freezing were frequent, and pollution was to be expected in such a busy waterway. However, conditions have greatly improved on the river, especially in the last twenty years or so – and the Thames Barrier is now London’s first defence against floods. The relationship of the Thames to London changed profoundly when the big container ships of the 20th century could no longer navigate the river and went elsewhere. Since then, the Thames has become a source of pleasure to Londoners with its riverbank developments. As for the Eye itself … it took seven years to complete. It was built to celebrate the New Millennium and the interesting thing is that it was constructed piece by piece throughout Europe. As it was the biggest observation wheel ever designed, there was no single place where it could be built. The main structure was built in Holland, the centre part was built in the Czech Republic, the cables were made in Italy and the capsules in France. So it is a truly European project! Now, if you would just like to follow me – and please keep close together as I have all the tickets and it’s impossible to get on the Eye without a ticket ... Upper-Intermediate Unit 8 Tapescript 25 Now this picture is the largest-ever map of our universe, and if you follow the red circle in the middle, you arrive here on Earth. Tapescript 25 Interviewer: So, Stuart … what exactly is the significance of this map? Stuart Millar: It’s very significant indeed. In fact, the production of this 3D map of space has changed the way scientists think about the future. Now, you might think that the map looks like a diagram of the human body … Interviewer: … or an impressionist collection of floating potatoes? Stuart Millar: Yes, it does look a bit like that, doesn’t it, but actually, this largest-ever map of the cosmos is as big a breakthrough as the discovery of a new continent. Interviewer: How long did the three-dimensional map take to produce? Stuart Millar: To produce … ten years – but it covers such a large area that it would take 500 million years for the light to travel from one side to the other. Interviewer: And who did all the work on it? Stuart Millar: It was an Anglo-German team of astronomical cartographers who produced the map … Interviewer: … and does the map have any other significance? Stuart Millar: Yes, indeed. The team has finally been able to come up with an encouraging answer to the most puzzling scientific question of all. Interviewer: Which is? Stuart Millar: Well, using complex mathematical models based on the map, they’ve calculated that there is enough gravitational power to make sure that the universe will carry on expanding forever. Interviewer: Well, certainly, the map itself would be an incredible achievement if all it did was chart the universe. But, as you say, it’s far more than that. Stuart Millar: Absolutely. It allows scientists to make a long-term forecast about basic questions affecting the future of the cosmos. Interviewer: But can the findings here be relied on? Stuart Millar: Well, despite the experience of many of history’s other great maps, er, which turned out to be wildly inaccurate, the answer to your question appears to be ‘yes’. You see, all the measurements were taken from Earth with highly reliable infra-red telescopes. The amazing thing is that the map will not be superseded for at least a generation. There appears to be no such project planned by anyone else in the future, so scientists are convinced that they’ve produced something quite unique. Tapescript 26 1 The production of this 3D map of space has changed the way scientists think about the future. 2 … but actually, this largest-ever map of the cosmos is as big a breakthrough as the discovery of a new continent. 3 … but it covers such a large area that it would take 500 million years for the light to travel from one side to the other. 4 The team has finally been able to come up with an encouraging answer to the most puzzling scientific question of all. 5 Using complex mathematical models based on the map, they’ve calculated that there is enough gravitational power to make sure that the universe will carry on expanding forever. 6 But can the findings here be relied on? 7 The amazing thing is that the map will not be superseded for at least a generation. Tapescript 27 Taylor Homes and Inter-Continental Systems have joined forces to build what they see as the homes of the future in a new development just outside London. It’s hoped that the complex will be completed by the end of next year. The houses, which are outwardly similar to many modern homes, have in-built intelligence and many other applications which the builders think will radically change the work and leisure routines of those who live there. To anyone glancing around the inside, the only noticeable difference is the extra electric wiring and sockets; there are more than 70 telephone, TV, computer and power sockets in every single room in the home. However, a closer inspection reveals that, hidden behind various electronically operated doors, potential owners will find robots able to cook meals and run baths for them; machines which will do their ironing and their laundry in minutes; on-the-
spot hairdressing and manicure units; and last but not least, a computer which will plan every day of their lives for an entire year. This technology need not be exclusive to the well-off, or the young and trendy. Installing the kind of technology that smart homes like these contain in the ordinary homes of today will enable the elderly and the disabled to maintain their independence for a great deal longer than they can at present. This may have profound psychological benefits for them as well as greatly reducing the need for full-time carers and supervised accommodation. Let’s revise units 7 and 8 Tapescript 28 Presenter: … and another question viewers want to know is how many times you’ve journeyed into space. Jack Armstrong:Well, my first mission was about ten years ago. I was 28 at the time and one of the youngest NASA astronauts. Presenter: That must have felt like a big responsibility. Jack: Yes, it did. But since then I’ve been on 12 successful missions, three of which have been to the International Space Station. Presenter: What’s the longest time you’ve spent in space? Jack: I spent eight weeks on the International Space Station in January. That’s about the longest spell I’ve had. Presenter: What sort of changes do you experience in your physical abilities when you’re in space? Jack: Well, to move around you don’t need to apply any force – apply the touch of your fingers and you can fly from one wall to ceiling to floor and back without much effort. On one mission we tried playing catch-ball! It’s very easy in a zero gravity environment. Presenter: But what about muscle wastage? Isn’t there a treadmill on the space station to help you maintain muscle tissue? Jack: That’s right. When I was on the space station I would exercise for two hours a day on the treadmill - usually before lunch. In fact before astronauts go on longer missions, we have special training on how to avoid muscle wastage, then after the missions we need time to rehabilitate back to our former fitness. Presenter: Mm, how difficult is it to do everyday things like washing and eating in space? Jack: Actually, eating is the most difficult thing to do, not because the food floats away, but because it’s difficult to taste things in zero gravity. You can eat almost anything as long as it’s fairly salty or spicy and sticks to your spoon. But it needs to taste of something so you don’t lose your appetite. Presenter: And what do you think is the most exciting thing about space travel? Jack: One of the most exciting parts of space travel is the actual journey into space. When the countdown reaches zero and you have lift-off, the sensation is incredible. As the shuttle gets higher and faster there’s an immense pressure on your chest and it starts to become difficult to breathe. Then suddenly the pressure disappears – you’re weightless and in space! Presenter: And what about the future? Would you like to travel further into space - further into the unknown? Jack: Yes, definitely. And you know, my secret dream is to walk on the surface of an alien planet. I hope some day I’ll be able to make that dream come true!. Presenter: Well, that’s all we have time for today. Thanks for your time Jack, and good luck on your next mission! Upper-Intermediate Unit 9 Tapescript 29 As part of their training, London taxi drivers have to be tested on ‘The Knowledge’ - their knowledge of streets, places and landmarks in the London area. It seems they have the Knowledge by name and the knowledge by nature. London taxi drivers – that rare breed who can find a short cut, turn a taxi on a postage stamp and recite poetry, all at the same time – are revealed by scientists to have bigger brains. An article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a prestigious American journal, reports that London researchers scanned the brains of London cabbies and found that in all cases, the size of a region of the brain called the hippocampus was millimetres larger than in a comparable group of 30 ordinary men who did not drive taxis. The hippocampus is closely associated with spatial memory – in other words, where the brain keeps its maps. London taxi drivers, famous for knowing routes between thousands of places in the city, spend two years assembling a detailed map which they file away in the memory. Tapescript 30 The hippocampus is where we store the things we consciously remember. As part of that, we could include navigation. We know that in animals navigation and the hippocampus are intimately linked. So it would seem now is the human hippocampus. Tests showed that if any part of a creature’s hippocampus was damaged, the animal could no longer find its way around. Ordinary mortals, too, have shown that they use the hippocampus to find their way around. But the brains of London taxi drivers grew to accommodate the layout of the whole city. They are an excellent group to study. They’ve acquired a vast amount of spatial information. It’s the kind of thing you can only do in this city, because taxi drivers elsewhere aren’t licensed in the same way. We had previously placed volunteer drivers in scanners, quizzed them on the best routes round London and watched their brains fire up. This time, we simply invited them to lie back – silently – and have their grey matter measured by two different techniques. What we did was look at the amount of time spent as a taxi driver and then looked at the brain measurements. We found a significant correlation, in that the back part of the hippocampus increased in size. The longer you had been a taxi driver, the bigger the brain got. Upper-Intermediate Unit 10 Tapescript 32 Well, here we are in Northern Virginia – and we’re actually here for the first ever re-enactment of the long battle fought for the Mule Shoe. It’s actually a warm and sunny Saturday morning – in fact, nothing at all like the scene at five o’clock this morning when the first battle of the day was taking place. It was very misty this morning and the area was covered in artillery smoke. What must it have been like for those soldiers on the morning of the real battle in 1864, I wonder? Well, thankfully, we’ll probably never know, but certainly, from where we’re standing now, the cavalry battle almost looks like the real thing. Each soldier looks determined in his desire to win the battle, and is dressed exactly as he would have been in those days and the weapons are all authentic copies, too. But don’t worry. We have been assured that nobody actually gets hurt in these battles. In fact, nobody seems to be falling off their horses either but it’s a truly amazing spectacle … Tapescript 33 Speaker 1 I was working in London as a travel writer for a magazine. I was getting a bit jaded with city life and I’d just broken up with my girlfriend. Anyway, I’d been sent to this amazingly beautiful place in California to do an article on a self-sufficient community. While I was there, I came across an advertisement for a room to let in a house up in the hills, miles from anywhere. I made a snap decision to go and see it. I had the most terrifying journey on dirt track roads to reach it – but when I eventually got there, there was no doubt in my mind at all. This was the place for me – job or no job! Speaker 2 People still can’t believe we did it. I’d been working as an engineer in Britain for a few years. It was hard work and I was getting fed up with travelling around the country. Well, Mary and I came to the West Indies on holiday and began to realise that there were alternatives to the daily grind! I gave the matter a lot of thought. I reckoned if we sold our house at home, we could just about afford to open a guest house here. Mind you, all our relatives said we were completely mad, and we’d soon get sick of it. But, er, here we are, with no regrets at all. Speaker 3 About three years ago, my house was destroyed in a storm and, by some strange coincidence, a 727 Continental Airlines plane was heading for the end of its natural life in a nearby scrap yard. I paid four thousand dollars to haul it to a plot of land overlooking the lake and make it my permanent home. The neighbours weren’t exactly overjoyed. They thought it would lower the tone of the area, which it didn’t. Unfortunately, some youngsters in the neighbourhood stole one of the emergency exit doors. But it’s OK now. I’ve converted the cockpit into the washroom and the first class compartment into a bedroom. Actually, I still have most of the original features, apart from the wings and the nose cone. Speaker 4 I was earning huge sums of money as a recruitment consultant and it was great for a while. But it all got too much. I became exhausted and miserable. I spent ages looking through brochures and finally decided that I would enrol on a Circus Skills course. It turned out that I had a knack for clowning around and I couldn’t believe it when I was offered my own solo performances in hospitals round London. Eventually, I got a job as a clown in a real circus, so I bought a camper van to travel around in. My family couldn’t understand why I’d given up such a successful career but now they support me 100 per cent. Speaker 5 I was a police officer. It was a 24-hour-a-day job and the stress was beginning to have an effect on my relationships. I was staying on a sheep farm in Wales, and one morning, I found myself on a mountain top with a shepherd’s crook in one hand and a friendly lamb at my side. I slowly began to realise that I could make a living out of being a shepherd. My friends couldn’t believe it at first. They thought that I’d lost my mind. I had to sell my house and I’m now living on the farm. I’m earning very little, I miss my friends, and it’s jolly hard work, too. But it’s a dream compared to being a police officer. Speaker 6 Modestly speaking, I’m brilliant at tennis. Everyone said I’d be up there with the world champions if I really trained hard. And I did train hard. It was every evening, every weekend. It just went on and on. Then there was all the travelling to tournaments – dragging my family all over the place. In the end, I decided it wasn’t worth the effort. I had no social life, no friends. It took me a long time to realise that there were other things in life besides tennis. Everyone was disappointed but they could understand why I made the decision to give it all up. Tapescript 34 1 area, tea, reach 5 work, fork, talk 2 door, soon, room 6 huge, hug, few 3 head, great, said 7 plane, plain, plan 4 look, book, pool 8 first, hurt, worth Tapescript 35 Memory All alone in the moonlight I can smile at the old days I was beautiful then 5 I remember the time I knew what happiness was Let the memory live again. Daylight I must wait for the sunrise I must think of a new life 10 And I mustn’t give in When the dawn comes Tonight will be a memory too And a new day will begin Burnt-out ends of smoky days 15 The stale cold smell of morning The street lamp dies Another night is over Another day is dawning Touch me 20 It’s so easy to leave me All alone with the memory Of my days in the sun If you touch me You’ll understand what happiness is 25 Look a new day has begun Let’s revise Units 9 and 10 Tapescript 36 Ian Baldwin I’ve been working as a nature conservationist in the South of England for several years. Most of the time I’m outdoors in the countryside. As a result I usually spend hours every day on my mobile phone! But recently I spent two weeks at the Afadjato reserve in Ghana, learning how to protect the rainforest. It was an amazing experience, but also a bit of a culture shock. The people I met in the villages were extremely friendly and hospitable, and very easy-going – no one arrived anywhere on time. When I got to a village, I was often greeted by the beating of drums - a nice change from mobile phones! While I was there it was also incredibly hot and humid, which made trekking through the jungle quite a challenge – I think I definitely got fitter! In the evenings it was so warm that I’d sleep outside under a mosquito net. That was quite an experience! The other big difference was the danger. Back in Britain the worst thing that could happen to me was falling off a ladder or cutting myself while chopping down heathland trees. Things in Ghana were in a different league. There was the constant threat of malaria or bites from cobras or poisonous spiders! Akwasi Gyebi I think the thing that shocked me most about Britain was the weather – I couldn’t believe how cold and wet it was. I arrived in Autumn to take over Ian’s job, and nothing could have prepared me for it. In Ghana the temperature rarely drops below 30 degrees – I found the only way I could work outside in Britain was if I wore five jumpers and two coats. At home I live with my uncle in Accra, and spend about two weeks of every month in the rainforest, sleeping either in the office or camping. It was strange going home to Ian’s flat and having it all to myself, and odd not speaking to any of my neighbours. In Ghana people are a lot closer. Just as Ian was amazed by the rainforest, I was staggered by the Surrey heaths. Compared with the rainforest the British countryside looks pretty empty and barren, and I had to spend lots of time cutting down trees to preserve the habitat. Another difference is the punctuality in Britain. There’s a completely different attitude to time in Ghana. Here you can be up to half an hour late and nobody minds. But not in England. Wordlists Foundation COMING SOON! Pre-Intermediate French (61 KB PDF) German (64 KB PDF) Italian (68 KB PDF) Slovakian (620 KB PDF) Intermediate French (62 KB PDF) German (67 KB PDF) Italian (62 KB PDF) Slovakian (664 KB PDF) Upper-Intermediate French (66 KB PDF) German (71 KB PDF) Italian (66 KB PDF) Czech (330 KB PDF) Matrix Foundation Answer Key Units 1–10
Unit 1
1 I often read before I go to bed.
2 We sometimes walk to school.
3 Sam never does homework at the weekend.
4 How often does Maria go swimming?
5 Jan often comes to my house after school.
6 I usually do my homework before dinner.
7 My dad always tries to help me.
8 My mum cooks dinner in the evening.
9 Do you often play computer games?
10 Paul sometimes listens to loud music. Unit 2
1 an 6 any
2 a 7 some
3 a 8 a
4 any 9 a
5 some 10 some
Unit 4
1 was 7 were
2 saw 8 looked
3 disappeared 9 did not know
4 took 10 climbed
5 found 11 said
6 photographed
Unit 5
1 nicer 7 kindest
2 more handsome 8 as shy
3 older 9 more intelligent
4 taller 10 cleverer
5 as kind 11 best
6 nicest
Team A
1 c
2 b
3 c
Team B
1 b
2 a
3 a
Team C
1 a
2 c
3 b
Unit 6
1 have to 5 mustn’t
2 don’t have to 6 have to
3 must 7 mustn’t
4 must
Unit 7
1 were you doing / was practising
2 Did you have / was 3 got / won
4 did you come / were playing
5 Did you see / was doing
Unit 8
1 She will be very cold.
2 I think Brazil will win the next World Cup.
3 I’m going to do my homework quickly and then I’m going to see my friends!
4 I’ll be back in three hours.
5 It’s going to rain.
6 I’m going to have a big birthday party.
7 We’re going to Australia next year.
8 I’m not going to spend any money. / I’m going to save money.
Unit 9
1 have just switched on 6 won
2 has played 7 hasn’t played
3 hasn’t won 8 has just missed
4 started 9 has finished
5 has happened 10 has lost
Unit 10
1 are kept 5 is delivered
2 is selected 6 is left
3 is put 7 is collected
4 is given
Matrix Foundation Answer Key Units 1–10
Photocopiable © Oxford University Press
Unit 1
ability capacité, compétence
advice conseil
annoyance irritation
attraction attraction
board pension
brainpower capacité intellectuelle
chance possibilité
circus cirque
co-operation coopération
decision la décision
determination détermination
digit chiffre
discussion discussion
dream rêve
employee employé
employer employeur
employment emploi
entertainment divertissement
fine amende
host hôte
interviewee interviewé
interviewer intervieweur
job travail
laser laser
management direction
memory mémoire
moped vélomoteur
motivation motivation
nightmare cauchemare
patience patience
performance performance
practice entraînement
psychologist psychologue
responsibility responsabilité
right droit
solution solution
staff personnel
strength force
talk presentation
test test
trapeze trapèze
understanding compréhension
work travail
advise conseiller
develop développer
dream rêver
encourage encourager
imagine imaginer
improve améliorer
memorise mémoriser
recruit recruter, engager
remember se rappeler
remind rappeler
specialise se spécialiser
spend passer (du temps)
strike faire la grève
train former, suivre une formation
annoying irritant, énervant
attractive séduisant
aware conscient
bad mauvais
capable capable
confusing embrouillant
entertaining divertissant
familiar être au courant de
famous célèbre
good doué pour qqch
incredible incroyable
innocent innocent
lengthy long
lucid lucide
nervous anxieux
patient patient
potential potentiel
psychometric psychométrique
redundant licencié
reliable fiable
responsible responsable
risky à risque
successful (to be) réussir
Phrasal verbs
break up (with sb) arrêter, romper (une relation)
bring sth back ramener, rappeler
bring sb up élever
bring sth up mentionner
carry out sth exécuter
clear up se remettre (le temps)
clear (sth) up ranger
give sth up arrêter
give yourself up se rendre
pick sb up prendre (en voiture)
put sth out éteindre
sort sth out résoudre (un problème)
be in control (of sth) avoir les choses en main
make your way (to/towards sth) se diriger vers
your mind’s eye en imagination
Unit 2
build corpulence
burglar cambrioleur
burglary cambriolage
characteristic caractéristique
community service service communautaire
completion achèvement
comprehension compréhension
construction construction
contradiction contradiction
conversation conversation
effort effort
death penalty peine de mort
feature trait
fine amende
fraud fraude
generalisation généralisation
humour humour
identity identité
identity parade parade d’identité
impersonator imitateur
individuality individualité
jury jury
kidnapping rapt
lookalike sosie
manslaughter homicide
mugger agresseur
mugging vol à la tire
offence crime
penfriend correspondant
personality personnalité
preacher prédicateur
procedure procédure
profile profil
punishment punition
race race
ransom rançon
reward récompense
robbery cambriolage
sentence jugement
speeding excès de vitesse
suspect suspect
theft vol
trade union syndicat
trial procès
view opinion
witness témoin
alter changer
appear apparaître
arrest arrêter
conquer conquérir
earn gagner (sa vie)
emigrate émigrer
gain gagner en
identify identifier
resemble ressembler
win gagner
ashamed avoir honte
astounded étonné
civilised civilisé
comical comique
complicated compliqué
desirable souhaitable
disciplined discipliné
embarrassed gêné
fascinated fasciné
illegal illégal
intentional voulu
keen enthousiaste
petty petit, peu important
polite poli
proud fier
unique unique
wise sage
Phrasal verbs
break in to entrer par effraction
build sth up développer
put sb/sth through passer (téléphone)
put sb up loger
put sth away ranger
put sth off/put off doing sth remettre à plus tard
put sth up augmenter
put up with sb/sth supporter
bear sth in mind tenir compte de
change your/sb’s mind (faire) changer d’avis
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Unit 3
ancestor aieul
couch potato téléspectateur amorphe
destruction déstruction
development développement
fort forteresse
gift shop boutique à cadeaux
global warming rechauffement de l’atmosphère
the human race humanité
hunter-gatherer chasseur-cueilleur
invention invention
journey voyage
living gagne-pain
tour tour
trip voyage aller-retour, excursion
variety variété
view vue
voyage voyage (en mer ou dans l’espace)
add ajouter
broadcast émettre
invade envahir
release mettre en circulation, diffuser
relive revivre
shrink rétrécir
soar s’envoler
support entretenir, faire vivre
Phrasal verbs
bring sth back rappeler
carry on continuer
get back to rentrer, retourner à
give up sth/ give up doing sth cesser
look back (on sth) revivre
result in sth aboutir
ring (sb) back rappeler (téléphone)
take sth back ramener
take off s’envoler
take sth off enlever, prendre congé
take (sth) over prendre le contrôle de
try sth on essayer
be/get too big for your boots avoir la grosse tête
bring sth to life rendre vivant
come to terms with sth accepter
on the one hand …; on the other (hand) … d’un
côté… l’autre
set the scene (for sth) créer le contexte
accurate précis
average moyen
disastrous désastreux
high haut
undoubted incontestable
slightly légèrement
truly vraiment
Unit 4
bargain bonne affaire
crop récolte
descendant descendant
disease maladie
hero héros
immigrant immigré
inhabitant habitant
orchard verger
population population
produce produits
reputation réputation
settlement colonie
settler colon
skyscraper gratte-ciel
starvation famine
victory victoire
claim prétendre
defeat vaincre
discover découvrir
escape s’échapper
fail faillir, échouer
find trouver
found fonder
gain gagner
get sb to do sth faire faire quelque chose à
invent inventer
lay poser
lie être couché
raise lever
receive recevoir
rise s’élever
settle s’installer
complex complexe
dramatic dramatique
eye-catching accrocheur
genetic génétique
heroic héroique
impressive impressionnant
minimal minimal
original d’origine
ideal idéal
previous préalable
simple simple
skilled compétent, spécialisé
surviving survivant
Phrasal verbs
bring sth in introduire
bring sth out sortir
bring sb round ramener à la conscience
bring sth back ramener
bring sth off réussir
drop in passer chez quelqu’un, visiter
get ahead progresser, avancer
get back rentrer
get down to sth/doing sth se mettre au travail
get out of sth/of doing sth éviter
hold on attendre
look into sth investiguer
send off (for sth) faire venir, commander
turn up arriver
be a/the picture of health avoir l’air en pleine
going strong se porter très bien
get in touch (with sb) contacter
welcome the opportunity se réjouir de l’occasion
with flying colours brillamment
Unit 5
ambition ambition
cash argent comptant
chance possibilité
charity charité
control contrôle
commercial publicité
fame célébrité
field terrain
fortune fortune
grant bourse
impact impact, influence
income revenu
invasion invasion
lottery loterie
millionaire millionnaire
privacy vie privée
receipt quittance, le reçu
result résultat
sacrifice sacrifice
safe coffre-fort
shore bord de mer
success réussite
sum somme
wealth richesse
youngster jeune
crawl ramper, avancer très lentement
deceive tromper
hold tenir, organiser
inherit hériter
launch lancer
pick choisir
push pousser
raise procurer (argent)
recognise reconnaître
separate (se) séparer
squeeze serrer
suspect soupçonner
waste dilapider, gaspiller
fortunate heureux, chanceux
huge énorme
pushy arriviste, ambitieux
spare de trop
talented talentueux
total total
amicably aimablement
cheerfully avec entrain
furthermore par ailleurs
however cependant
moreover par ailleurs
nevertheless néanmoins
professionally professionnellement
swiftly rapidement
therefore par conséquent
unashamedly sans honte
unbelievably incroyablement
unwisely imprudemment
Phrasal verbs
boil over déborder
break (sth) off casser
break sth off casser, rompre une relation
cloud over devenir nuageux
fall down/over tomber par terre
get over sth se remettre
go off se gâter
go off sb/sth aimer moins quelqu’un
hand sb/sth over donner, remettre
pull over se tirer vers le bord de la route
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
put sb off (sb/sth/ doing sth) déranger
run sb/sth over écraser
send sb off renvoyer
send sth off mettre à la poste
set off se mettre en route
set sth off déclencher
set (sth) up établir, ouvrir
sum (sth) up résumer
at random au hasard
look on the bright side (of sth) voir le bon côté
des choses
move heaven and earth tout faire pour arriver à
quelque chose
on the contrary au contraire
Unit 6
approach approche
assessment évaluation
assessor expert, assesseur
category catégorie
caution précaution
claustrophobia claustrophobie
collector collectionneur, contrôleur
debt dettes
emergency services services de secours
environmentalist environnementaliste
expert expert
form forme
generosity générosité
industrialist industriel
likelihood probabilité
link lien, relation
manager directeur, responsable
official fonctionnaire, préposé
origin origine
playwright auteur dramatique
poverty pauvreté
professor professeur d’université
respectability respectabilité
risk risque
scale échelle
security sécurité
speed vitesse
statistician statisticien
trouble ennui
assess évaluer
calculate calculer
categorise classer par catégorie
evaluate évaluer
measure mesurer
desperate désespéré
dramatic dramatique
fascinating fascinant
honest honnête
pioneering qui fait œuvre de pionnier
popular populaire, qui a du succès
risky à risque
actually en fait
approximately environ
differently différemment
entirely entièrement
seriously sérieusement
simply simplement
virtually presque
Phrasal verbs
break out (of sth) s’échapper
bring sb up élever
come on allez!
drop out (of sth) abandonner, quitter
find sb out découvrir la vérité concernant une
go back (to sth) retourner
leave sb/sth out (of sth) exclure
make sth out comprendre
put sb through passer (au téléphone)
stand out se faire remarquer
work sth out trouver une explication, une solution
in a way d’une certaine façon
poor thing le pauvre!
Unit 7
autumn automne
biscuit biscuit
body language langage corporel
bonnet capot (voiture)
boot coffre (voiture)
chemist’s pharmacie
chest of drawers commode
chip pomme frite
clip art clipart (dessins etc. sur ordinateur)
Cockney habitant de Londres et sa façon de parler
dress rehearsal répétition finale
effect effet, conséquence
electronic mail messagerie électronique
error erreur
expression expression
fashion mode, façon de faire quelque chose
film film
first floor premier étage
full stop point final
garden jardin
handbag sac à main
impression impression
keyboard clavier
means moyens
mistake erreur
mobile phone téléphone portable
monitor moniteur
motorway autoroute
mouse souris
the Net l’internet
note billet
panel 1) panneau, 2) table ronde
pavement trottoir
petrol essence
point 1) sens 2) point
post courrier
printer imprimante
research recherches
rhyming slang argot (des vrais londoniens)
rubber gomme
rubbish déchets
sweet bonbon
table manners savoir-vivre (à table)
tin boîte en fer blanc
toilet wc
tone ton
website site web
affect influencer
appear apparaître
approach s’approcher
behave se comporter
contact contacter
count compter
discuss discuter
download décharger
notice remarquer
possess posséder
predict prédire
prepare préparer
reach joindre, atteindre
rehearse répéter
serve purger (une peine)
specialise se spécialiser
surf surfer
update mettre à jour
worship adorer, vénérer
advantageous avantageux
adventurous aventurier
cautious précautionneux
close proche
common commun, habituel
computer-literate apte à utiliser un ordinateur
courageous courageux
digital digital
familiar familier
hard difficile
nervous anxieux
peaceable paisible
relieved soulagé
ridiculous ridicule
sensible qui a du bon sens, pratique
strange étrange
alike de la même façon
hardly guère, à peine
online par ordinateur
Phrasal verbs
come to sth s’agir
go on doing sth continuer
log on se connecter
turn up se pointer, arriver
in/out of touch (with sb) en contact
take part (in sth) participer
take the trouble to do sth se donner la peine
Unit 8
bench banc
bough branche
care souci
chunk gros morceau
commuter pendulaire
contribution contribution
crust croûte
disaster désastre
encounter rencontre
favour service
glance coup d’œil
nobody quidam
perk à-côté, avantage (en plus du salaire)
poem poème
poet poète
poetry poésie
poster affiche
punch coup de poing
routine routine
rubbish bêtises
scent parfum
squatter squatteur
sticker autocollant
struggle lutte
volunteer volontaire
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
appreciate apprécier
benefit bénéficier
bite mordre
bleat bêler
cling s’agripper
consider (se) considérer
delight réjouir
enable permettre
enrich enrichir
entitle avoir ou donner le droit à
exist exister
fulfil réaliser
gaze regarder fixément, contempler
glide se glisser
grant accorder
graze paître
memorise mémoriser
realise se rendre compte
sip déguster
sneeze éternuer
sniff renifler
stare fixer
daily quotidien
fabulous fabuleux
incomprehensible incompréhensible
likely probable
precious précieux
productive profitable, utile
safe en sécurité
sensational sensationnel
terraced mitoyen
although bien que
despite malgré
Phrasal verbs
keep on persister à
put sth forward suggérer
hold hands (with sb) se tenir la main
make a/some, etc difference (to sb/sth) changer
pay a/the price (for sth/for doing sth) payer le
slip through the net passer à travers le filet
take advantage of sb/sth profiter de
Unit 9
appeal appel
attempt tentative
blessing bénédiction
bush buisson
challenge défi
course cours
expedition expédition
fortune fortune
fuss histoires (faire)
hand employé
hitchhiker autostoppeur
indifference indifférence
lane chemin rural
longing envie, nostalgie
opposition opposition
the outback intérieur du pays
path sentier, chemin
slope pente
station grande ferme
stream ruisseau
track piste
unease malaise
vigour vigueur
waste gaspillage, perte
wood bois
admit avouer
bang taper, frapper
cool rafraîchir
face faire face à
invest investir
mistake se méprendre
move émouvoir
propel propulser
regret regretter
rely compter sur
saddle seller
spot remarquer
step poser le pied, marcher
sweep balayer
aboriginal indigène
bent courbé
calm calme
cheerful joyeux, optimiste
confident confiant
current actuel, courant
eager motivé
excited impatient, passionné
positive positif
reluctant peu disposé, à contrecoeur
restless agité, impatient
searching pénétrant
self-conscious gêné, contraint
shy timide
solitary solitaire
stuck coinçé
surprised surpris
talkative bavard
tough dur
used habitué
weak faible
apparently apparamment
deeply profondément
gloriously merveilleusement
politely poliment
wide grand (ouvert)
Phrasal verbs
break down tomber en panne
carry on (with sth/doing sth) continuer
face up to sth faire face
get away s’enfuire
get by se débrouiller
get off (sth) descendre
look back regarder en arrière
make out distinguer
round sb/sth up rassembler
settle down s’installer
turn sth éteindre, fermer
at (long) last enfin
in the end finalement
make up your mind se décider
Unit 10
appointment rendez-vous
attitude attitude
commitment engagement, obligation
curriculumvitae curriculum vitae
deforestation déboisement
drought sécheresse
earthquake tremblement de terre
fleet flotte
flood inondation
global warming rechauffement de l’atmosphère
hurricane ouragan
hustle tourbillon d’activité
location lieu de tournage
peer pair, semblable
plant site industriel
pollution pollution
productivity productivité
referee quelqu’un qui donne une référence
report rapport
stereotype stéréotype
tidal wave raz de marée
utopia utopie
volcano volcan
wealth profusion
wildlife faune
acquire acquérir
agree consentir
apply postuler
confess avouer
doze somnoler
enclose joindre
impress faire impression
market vendre
order commander, ordonner, faire de l’ordre
promote promouvoir
amazed ébahi
amazing époustouflant
ambitious ambitieux
appalled ahuri
appalling ahurissant
astonishing étonnant
cool cool
desirable souhaitable
disturbing troublant
dreadful épouvantable
endangered menacé (d’extinction)
essential essentiel
far-sighted perspicace
fascinated fasciné
flexible flexible
idyllic idyllique
optimistic optimiste
triumphantly triomphalement
Phrasal verbs
get on progresser
hand (sth) over (to sb) transmettre
keep sb on garder (un employé)
launch into sth se lancer
look forward to sth/doing sth se réjouir
look into sth investiguer
play on sth profiter de
put out (to…/from…) prendre la mer
run out (of sth) être en manque de, épuiser
send sth in soumettre
slow down ralentir
take sb on employer
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
take sth on prendre sur soi
take (sth) over reprendre
take sth up commencer
turn sb/sth down refuser
bi- deux, deux fois
co- avec
ex- ancien
non- non
over- trop, excessif
re- encore, à nouveau
sub- sous
shake your head secouer la tête
be snowed under (with sth) accablé, noyé sous
in time (for sth/to do sth) à temps (pour)
on time à l’heure
take sb by surprise surprendre quelqu’un
a/sb’s way of life la mode de vie
Yours faithfully salutations distinguées (lettre
formelle d’une entreprise etc.)
Yours sincerely salutations distinguées (lettre
formelle d’une personne)
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1
ability Fähigkeit
advice Rat
annoyance Verärgerung, Ärgernis
attraction 1) Anziehungskraft 2) Attraktion
board Verpflegung
brainpower Intelligenz, Gehirnleistung
chance Chance
circus Zirkus
co-operation Zusammenarbeit
decision Entscheidung
determination Entschlossenheit
digit Zahl
discussion Diskussion
dream Traum
employee Angestellte(r)
employer Arbeitgeber
employment Anstellung, Arbeit
entertainment Unterhaltung
fine Geldstrafe
host Gastgeber(in)
interviewee Befragte(r)
interviewer Interviewer(in)
job Job
laser Laser
management Geschäftsführung
memory 1) Gedächtnis 2) Erinnerung
moped Moped
motivation Motivation
nightmare Alptraum
patience Geduld
performance 1) Vorstellung 2) Leistung
practice Übung
psychologist Psychologe, Psychologin
responsibility Verantwortung
right Recht
solution Lösung
staff Personal
strength Kraft
talk Vortrag (über etw)
test Test
trapeze Trapez
understanding Verständnis
work Arbeit, Anstellung
advise (sb) (to do sth) (jdm) raten (etw zu tun)
develop entwickeln
dream träumen
encourage ermutigen
imagine sich (etw) vorstellen
improve (sich) verbessern
memorise auswendig lernen
recruit anwerben
remember 1) sich (an jdn/etw) erinnern 2) nicht
vergessen, sich merken
remind sb (to do sth/that…) jdn erinnern (an
etw/etw zu tun)
specialise (in sth) sich spezialisieren
spend sth (on sth/doing sth) verbringen
strike streiken
train (sb) (as/in/for sth/to do sth) jdn (als etw)
ausbilden, eine Ausbildung (als etw) machen
annoying ärgerlich, lästig
attractive attraktiv
aware (that…) bewusst
bad (at sth/at doing sth) etw nicht gut können
capable (of sth/of doing sth) fähig
confusing verwirrend
entertaining unterhaltsam
familiar vertraut
famous berühmt
good at sth etw gut können
incredible unglaublich, unwahrscheinlich
innocent unschuldig
lengthy sehr lang
lucid klar, bewusst
nervous (about/of sth/doing sth) vor etw Angst
patient geduldig
potential potentiell
psychometric psychometrisch
redundant freigesetzt
reliable zuverlässig
responsible verantwortlich
risky riskant
successful erfolgreich
Phrasal verbs
break up (with sb) sich (von jdm) trennen
break sth up etw beenden
bring sth back (Erinnerungen) wecken, wachrufen
bring sb up jdn großziehen
bring sth up etw zur Sprache bringen
carry out sth durchführen
clear up (used about the weather) aufklaren
clear (sth) up (etw) aufräumen
give sth up etw aufgeben, aufhören etw zu tun
give yourself up (to sb) sich ergeben
pick sb up jdn abholen
put sth out etw (aus)löschen, etw ausmachen
sort sth out sich um etw kümmern, (Problem)
be in control (of sth) etw unter Kontrolle haben,
etw im Griff haben
make your way (to/towards sth) gehen, fahren (in,
zu etw)
your mind’s eye geistiges Auge
Unit 2
build Körperbau
burglar Einbrecher(in)
burglary Einbruch
characteristic Eigenschaft
community service gemeinnützige Arbeit
completion Fertigstellung, Beendigung
comprehension Verständnis
construction 1) Konstruktion 2) Bau
contradiction Widerspruch
conversation Konversation, Gespräch, Unterhaltung
effort Anstrengung
death penalty Todesstrafe
feature 1) Merkmal 2) Gesichtszug
fine Geldstrafe
fraud 1) Betrug 2) Betrüger(in)
generalisation Verallgemeinerung
humour Humor
identity Identität
identity parade Gegenüberstellung
impersonator Imitator(in)
individuality Individualität
jury die Geschworenen
kidnapping Entführung
lookalike Doppelgänger(in)
manslaughter Totschlag
mugger Straßenräuber(in)
mugging Straßenraub
offence Straftat,Vergehen
penfriend Brieffreund(in)
personality Persönlichkeit
preacher Prediger(in)
procedure Vorgehensweise
profile Profil
punishment Bestrafung
race Rasse
ransom Lösegeld
reward Belohnung
robbery Raub(überfall)
sentence Strafe
speeding Geschwindigkeitsüberschreitung
suspect Verdächtigte(r)
theft Diebstahl
trade union Gewerkschaft
trial Prozess
view Ansicht
witness Zeuge, Zeugin
alter (sich) (ver)ändern
appear auftreten
arrest verhaften
conquer erobern
earn verdienen
emigrate auswandern
gain sich verschaffen, erwerben
identify identifizieren
resemble ähnlich sein
win gewinnen
ashamed beschämt
astounded überrascht
civilised 1) kultiviert 2) zivilisiert
comical komisch
complicated kompliziert
desirable erwünscht
disciplined diszipliniert
embarrassed verlegen
fascinated (von etw) fasziniert
illegal illegal
intentional absichtlich
keen 1) wild (auf jdn/etw) 2) etw unbedingt wollen
petty klein
polite höflich
proud stolz
unique einzigartig
wise klug
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Phrasal verbs
break in einbrechen
build sth up etw aufbauen
put sb/sth through jdn/etw durchstellen
put sb up jdn unterbringen
put sth away etw wegräumen
put sth off/put off doing sth etw aufschieben,
aufschieben etw zu tun
put sth up etw erhöhen
put up with sb/sth jdn/etw aushalten
bear sth in mind jdn/etw nicht vergessen, an etwas
change your/sb’s mind es sich anders überlegen,
jdn umstimmen
Unit 3
ancestor Vorfahre, Vorfahrin
couch potato Stubenhocker
destruction Zerstörung
development Entwicklung
fort Fort
gift shop Geschenkladen
global warming Erwärmung der Erdatmosphäre
the human race die Menschheit
hunter-gatherer Jäger und Sammler
invention Erfindung
journey Fahrt
living Lebensunterhalt
tour Rundgang, Führung
trip Ausflug, Reise
variety Auswahl
view Aussicht
voyage Reise
add (sth) (to sth) (etw) (zu etw) dazugeben,
broadcast senden
invade einmarschieren
release anlaufen
relive nacherleben
shrink schrumpfen, einlaufen
soar in die Höhe schnellen
support unterstützen, ernähren
Phrasal verbs
bring sth back (Erinnerungen) wecken, wachrufen
carry on (with sth/doing sth) etw weiter machen
get back to zurückkommen
give up sth etw aufgeben, aufhören etw zu tun
look back (on sth) (an etw) zurückdenken
result in sth zu etw führen
ring (sb) back (jdn) zurückrufen
take sth back etw zurückbringen
take off 1) abfliegen, starten 2) (gut) anlaufen
take sth off 1) etw ausziehen 2) sich etw frei
take (sth) over 1) die Macht übernehmen 2) etw
try sth on etw anprobieren
be/get too big for your boots größenwahnsinnig
bring sth to life etw lebendig gestalten
come to terms with mit etw fertig werden
on the one hand …; on the other (hand) …
einerseits ...; andererseits
set the scene (for sth) 1) den Anlass geben 2) den
Rahmen für etw setzen
accurate genau
average durchschnittlich
disastrous katastrophal
high hoch
undoubted unbestritten
slightly etwas
truly wirklich
Unit 4
bargain Schnäppchen
crop Ernte, Feldfrucht
descendant Nachfahre, Nachfahrin
disease Krankheit
hero Held(in)
immigrant Einwanderer, Einwanderin
inhabitant Einwohner(in)
orchard Obstgarten
population Bevölkerung
produce Erzeugnisse
reputation Ruf
settlement Siedlung
settler Siedler(in)
skyscraper Wolkenkratzer
starvation Hungern
victory Sieg
claim 1) behaupten 2) Anspruch auf etw erheben
defeat besiegen
discover entdecken
escape entkommen
fail (Ernte) ausfallen
find finden
found gründen
gain erwerben, bekommen
get sb to do sth jdn dazu überreden etw zu tun
invent erfinden
lay legen
lie liegen
raise heben, aufrichten
receive bekommen, erhalten
rise (auf)steigen, aufragen
settle sich ansiedeln
complex kompliziert
dramatic dramatisch
eye-catching Aufsehen erregend
genetic genetisch
heroic heroisch, heldenhaft
impressive beeindruckend
minimal minimal
original ursprünglich
ideal ideal
previous frühere(r,s)
simple einfach
skilled hoch qualifiziert
surviving überlebend
Phrasal verbs
bring sth in (Maßnahmen etc.) einführen
bring sth out etw herausbringen, etw hervorheben
bring sb round jdn wieder zu Bewusstsein bringen
bring sth back etw zurückbringen
bring sth off etw schaffen
drop in (on sb) bei jdm reinschauen
get ahead vorankommen
get back to zurückkommen
get down to sth/doing sth etw in Angriff nehmen
get out of sth/of doing sth um etw
herumkommen, sich vor etw drücken
hold on warten
look into sth etw untersuchen, etw prüfen
send off (for sth) sich etw schicken lassen
turn up kommen, auftauchen
be a/the picture of health blühend aussehen
going strong noch gut in Form sein
get in touch (with sb) sich mit jdm in Verbindung
welcome the opportunity gern die Gelegenheit
with flying colours mit Bravour
Unit 5
ambition Ehrgeiz
cash Geld
chance (of sth/of doing sth) Chance (etw zu tun)
charity Wohlfahrtsorganisation
control of/over sb/sth Kontrolle über jdn/etw
commercial Werbespot
fame Ruhm
field (Sport) Platz
fortune Vermögen
grant Stipendium
impact Auswirkung, Eindruck
income Einkommen
invasion Eingriff, Einfall
lottery Lotterie
millionaire Millionär(in)
privacy Privatsphäre
receipt Quittung
result Ergebnis
sacrifice Opfer
safe Safe
shore Küste, Ufer
success Erfolg
sum Summe
wealth Reichtum
youngster Jugendliche(r)
crawl kriechen
deceive hintergehen, betrügen
hold abhalten
inherit erben
launch starten, (Produkt) auf den Markt bringen
pick auswählen
push sb (to do sth/into doing sth) jdn drängen
(etw zu tun)
raise (money) (Geld) sammeln
recognise 1) erkennen 2) einsehen, zugeben
separate 1) trennen 2) sich trennen
squeeze 1) drücken 2) sich (durch, in etw etc.)
suspect misstrauen, vermuten
waste verschwenden
fortunate glücklich, günstig
huge riesig
pushy übermäßig ehrgeizig
spare übrig
talented begabt
total völlig
amicably freundschaftlich
cheerfully fröhlich
furthermore außerdem
however jedoch
moreover zudem, außerdem
nevertheless trotzdem
professionally 1) beruflich 2) professionell
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
swiftly schnell
therefore deshalb
unashamedly ohne sich zu schämen
unbelievably unglaublich
unwisely unklugerweise
Phrasal verbs
boil over überkochen
break (sth) off (etw) abbrechen
break sth off (relationship) (Verlobung) lösen
cloud over sich bewölken
fall down/over hinfallen
get over sth etw überwinden
go off verderben
go off sb/sth jdn/etw nicht mehr mögen
hand sb/sth over (to sb) jdn/etw jdm übergeben
pull over an den Rand fahren
put sb off (sb/sth/ doing sth) jdn aus dem Konzept
put sth off to etw verschieben
run sb/sth over jdn/etw überfahren
send sb off jdn vom Platz stellen
send sth off abschicken
set off losfahren
set sth off auslösen
set (sth) up etw gründen
sum (sth) up (etw) zusammenfassen
at random beliebig
look on the bright side (of sth) es positiv sehen
move heaven and earth Himmel und Hölle in
Bewegung setzen
on the contrary im Gegenteil
Unit 6
approach (to sth) Ansatz, Einstellung
assessment 1) Einschätzung 2) Schätzung
assessor 1) Gutachter(in) 2) (Schadens-
category Kategorie
caution Vorsicht
claustrophobia Klaustrophobie
collector 1) Sammler(in) 2) Schaffner(in)
3) Steuereinnehmer(in)
debt Schulden
emergency services Rettungsdienst
environmentalist Umweltschützer(in)
expert Experte, Expertin
form Form
generosity Großzügigkeit
industrialist Industrielle(r)
likelihood Wahrscheinlichkeit
link Verbindung
manager Manager(in)
official Beamte, Beamtin
origin Ursprung
playwright Dramatiker(in), Stückeschreiber(in)
poverty Armut
professor Professor(in)
respectability (gesellschaftliches) Ansehen,
risk Risiko
scale Skala
security Sicherheit
speed Geschwindigkeit
statistician Statistiker(in)
trouble Schwierigkeit, Problem
assess 1) einschätzen 2) schätzen
calculate 1) berechnen 2) schätzen
categorise kategorisieren
evaluate einschätzen
measure messen
desperate verzweifelt
dramatic dramatisch
fascinating faszinierend
honest ehrlich
pioneering Pionier-
popular beliebt
risky riskant
actually wirklich
approximately ungefähr
differently anders
entirely völlig
seriously im Ernst
simply einfach
virtually so gut wie
Phrasal verbs
break out (of sth) (aus etw) ausbrechen
bring sb up jdn großziehen
come on Mach schon!
drop out (of sth) (aus) etw aussteigen
find sb out jdn entlarven
go back (to sth) zurückkehren (zu etw)
leave sb/sth out (of sth) jdn ausschliessen
make sth out etw verstehen
put sb through jdn verbinden
stand out sich (von etw) abheben
work sth out eine Lösung finden
in a way in gewisser Weise
poor thing du Ärmste(r)
Unit 7
autumn Herbst
biscuit Keks
body language Körpersprache
bonnet Motorhaube
boot Kofferraum
chemist’s Drogerie, Apotheke
chest of drawers Kommode
chip Pomme frite
clip art Clip-Art
Cockney im East End von London gesprochener
dress rehearsal Generalprobe
effect Auswirkung
electronic mail (also email) E-mail
error Fehler
expression Ausdruck
fashion 1) Mode 2) Weise
film Film
first floor erster Stock
full stop Punkt
garden Garten
handbag Handtasche
impression Eindruck
keyboard Tastatur
means (of doing sth) Mittel, Möglichkeit
mistake Fehler
mobile phone Handy, Natel
monitor Bildschirm
motorway Autobahn
mouse Maus
the Net (also the Internet) das Internet
note Banknote
panel 1) (Glas) Scheibe 2) Gremium
pavement Bürgersteig
petrol Benzin
point 1) Sinn, Zweck 2) (Zeit)punkt
post Post
printer Drucker
research Forschung
rhyming slang Art des Sprechens, die für den
Cockney-Dialekt typisch ist und in der Wörter
durch andere ersetzt werden, die sich mit dem
gemeinten Wort reimen
rubber Radiergummi
rubbish Abfall
sweet Bonbon, Süßigkeit
table manners Tischmanieren
tin Dose
toilet Toilette
tone Ton
website Website
affect beeinflussen
appear auftreten
approach sich nähern
behave sich benehmen
contact mit jdm kontakt aufnehmen, jdm
schreiben, anrufen
count zählen
discuss diskutieren
download runterladen
notice bemerken
possess besitzen
predict vorraussagen
prepare vorbereiten
reach erreichen
rehearse proben
serve (Haftstrafe) absitzen
specialise sich spezialisieren
surf surfen
update auf den neuesten Stand bringen
worship am Gottesdienst teilnehmen
advantageous vorteilhaft
adventurous abenteuerlustig
cautious vorsichtig
close nahe
common häufig, weit verbreitet
computer-literate mit Computerkenntnissen
courageous mutig, tapfer
digital digital
familiar vertraut
hard schwer
nervous ängstlich, nervös
peaceable friedfertig
relieved erleichtert
ridiculous lächerlich
sensible vernünftig
strange sonderbar, seltsam
alike gleich
hardly kaum
online online
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Phrasal verbs
come to sth zu etw kommen
go on doing sth etw weiter machen
log on einloggen
turn up auftauchen
in/out of touch (with sb) be in/out of touch (with
sb) Kontakt (keinen Kontakt mehr) zu jdm haben
take part (in sth) (an etw) teilnehmen
take the trouble to do sth sich die Mühe machen
etw zu tun
Unit 8
bench Bank
bough Ast
care Sorge
chunk Stück
commuter Pendler(in)
contribution Beitrag
crust Kruste
disaster Katastrophe
encounter Begegnung, Erfahrung
favour Gefallen
glance Blick
nobody Niemand
perk Vergünstigung
poem Gedicht
poet Dichter(in)
poetry Lyrik, Gedichte
poster Plakat
punch Faustschlag
routine 1) Routine 2) (Alltags)trott
rubbish Unsinn
scent 1) Duft 2) Parfüm
squatter Hausbesetzer(in)
sticker Aufkleber
struggle Kampf
volunteer Freiwillige(r)
appreciate (zu) schätzen (wissen)
benefit (von etw) profitieren
bite beissen
bleat blöken
cling sich anklammern
consider sb/sth (as/to be sth) jdn/etw für jdn/etw
delight entzücken
enable sb to do sth jdm etw ermöglichen
enrich bereichern
entitle be entitled (to sth) Anspruch (auf etw)
exist existieren, leben
fulfil erfüllen, (Traum) verwirklichen
gaze blicken
glide gleiten
grant gewähren
graze grasen
memorise auswendig lernen
realise sich einer Sache bewusst sein
sip trinken
sneeze niesen
sniff 1) schniefen 2) schnuppern
stare starren
daily täglich
fabulous fantastisch
incomprehensible unverständlich
likely wahrscheinlich
precious kostbar
productive produktiv
safe sicher
sensational sensationell
terraced (used about a house) Reihenhaus
although obwohl
despite obwohl, trotz
Phrasal verbs
keep on (doing sth) etw immer wieder machen
put sth forward etw vorschlagen, etw zur
Diskussion stellen
hold hands (with sb) (used about two people)
sich bei der Hand halten
make a/some, etc difference (to sb/sth) einen
Unterschied machen
pay a/the price (for sth/for doing sth) den Preis
für etw zahlen
slip through the net durchs Netz rutschen
take advantage of sb/sth jdn/etw ausnutzen, sich
etw zunutze machen
Unit 9
appeal Bitte, Ermahnung
attempt Versuch
blessing Segen
bush Busch
challenge Herausforderung
course Kurs
expedition Expedition
fortune Vermögen
fuss Aufheben, Getue
hand Arbeiter(in)
hitchhiker Tramper(in)
indifference Gleichgültigkeit
lane kleine Landstrasse
longing Sehnsucht
opposition Widerstand
the outback (in Australien) das Hinterland
path Weg
slope (Ab)hang
station Farm(in Australien oder Neuseeland)
stream Bach
track Pfad
unease Unbehagen
vigour Energie
waste Verschwendung
wood Wald
admit zugeben
bang schlagen
cool sb/sth (down/off) jdn/etw/sich (ab)kühlen
face sth mit etw zu kämpfen haben
invest (etw) (in etw) investieren
mistake verwechseln
move (be moved) gerührt sein
propel antreiben, stoßen
regret bereuen
rely on sb/sth sich auf jdn/etw verlassen
saddle satteln
spot bemerken
step treten
sweep (mit)reißen
aboriginal der Ureinwohner Australiens
bent gebeugt
calm 1) ruhig 2) windstill
cheerful fröhlich
confident selbstbewusst
current aktuell
eager begeistert
excited aufgeregt
positive positiv
reluctant widerwillig
restless unruhig
searching fragend
self-conscious gehemmt, befangen
shy schüchtern
solitary einsam
stuck get/be stuck stecken
surprised überrascht
talkative gesprächig
tough schwer, schwierig
used to sth/to doing sth gewöhnt an etw
weak schwach
apparently anscheinend
deeply tief
gloriously herrlich
politely höflich
wide weit
Phrasal verbs
break down eine Panne haben
carry on (with sth/doing sth) (mit) etw weiter
face up to sth einer Sache ins Auge sehen
get away (from sth) (aus etw) entkommen
get by (on/in/with sth) (mit) etw auskommen
get off (sth) absteigen
look back to sich umschauen
make out etw gerade noch erkennen
round sb/sth up jdn/etw zusammentreiben
settle down sesshaft werden
turn sth off etw abstellen
at (long) last endlich
in the end schließlich
make up your mind sich entscheiden
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 10
appointment Termin
attitude (to/towards sb/sth) Einstellung
(gegenüber jdm/einer Sache)
commitment 1) (to sth/to doing sth) Engagement,
Einsatz 2) Verpflichtung
curriculum vitae Lebenslauf
deforestation Entwaldung
drought Dürre
earthquake Erdbeben
fleet Flotte
flood Überschwemmung
global warming Erwärmung der Erdatmosphäre
hurricane Orkan
hustle geschäftiges Treiben
location Drehort
peer Gleichaltrige(r)
plant Fabrik, Anlage
pollution Verschmutzung
productivity Produktivität
referee Gutachter, Referent
report Bericht
stereotype Klischee
tidal wave Flutwelle
utopia Utopie
volcano Vulkan
wealth Reichtum
wildlife Tierwelt
acquire erwerben
agree (to do sth) einwilligen (etw zu tun)
apply (to sb) (for sth) sich (bei jdm) (um etw)
confess zugeben
doze dösen
enclose beilegen
impress beeindrucken
market vermarkten
order sb (to do sth) jdm befehlen etw zu tun
organise 1) organisieren 2) einteilen
promote für etw werben
amazed erstaunt
amazing erstaunlich
ambitious ehrgeizig
appalled entsetzt
appalling entsetzlich
astonishing erstaunlich
cool cool
desirable erwünscht, wünschenswert
disturbing alarmierend
dreadful schrecklich
endangered bedroht
essential unerlässlich
far-sighted weit blickend
fascinated fasziniert
flexible flexibel
idyllic idyllisch
optimistic optimistisch
triumphantly triumphierend
Phrasal verbs
get on Erfolg haben
hand (sth) over (to sb) (jdm) (etw) übergeben
keep sb on jdn weiter bschäftigen
launch into sth etw beginnen
look forward to sth/doing sth sich auf etw freuen
look into sth etw untersuchen
play on sth sich etw zunutze machen
put out (to…/from…) (used about a boat or its
sailors) in See stechen
run out (of sth) ausgehen
send sth in etw einsenden, etw schicken
slow down langsamer werden, langsamer treten
take sb on jdn einstellen
take sth on etw übernehmen
take (sth) over (etw) übernehmen
take sth up 1) jetzt etw machen 2) anfangen etw zu
turn sb/sth down jdn/etw ablehnen
bi- (in nouns and adjectives) bi-
co- (in adjectives, adverbs, nouns and verbs) ko-
ex- (in nouns) ex-
non- (in nouns, adjectives and adverbs) un-
over- (in nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs)
re- re-
sub- (in nouns and adjectives) unter-
shake your head den Kopf schütteln
be snowed under (with sth) bis über beide Ohren
in etw stecken
in time (for sth/to do sth) rechtzeitig
on time pünktlich
take sb by surprise jdn überraschen
a/sb’s way of life ein/jds Lebensstil
Yours faithfully hochachtungsvoll
Yours sincerely mit freundlichen Grüßen
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1
ability capacità
advice consiglio
annoyance irritazione
attraction attrattiva, attrazione
board completa o mezza pensione
brainpower intelligenza
chance possibilità
circus circo
co-operation cooperazione
decision decisione
determination determinazione
digit cifra
discussion discussione
dream sogno
employee impiegato, dipendente
employer datore di lavoro
employment impiego
entertainment divertimento, intrattenimento
fine multa
host ospite
interviewee intervistato, candidato
interviewer intervistatore
job lavoro
laser laser
management direzione, management
memory memoria
moped motorino
motivation motivazione
nightmare incubo
patience pazienza
performance 1) interpretazione, esecuzione
2) performance, rendimento
practice esercizio, pratica
psychologist psicologo
responsibility responsabilità
right diritto
solution soluzione
staff personale
strength forza
talk discorso
test 1) test 2) esperimento
trapeze trapezio
understanding comprensione
work lavoro
advise consigliare
develop sviluppare
dream sognare
encourage incoraggiare
imagine immaginare
improve migliorare
memorise memorizzare
recruit reclutare, assumere personale
remember ricordare
remind ricordare
specialise specializzare
spend trascorrere
strike scioperare
train allenare, formare
annoying irritante, fastidioso
attractive attraente
aware conscio
bad non essere portato per
capable capace
confusing confuso, poco chiaro
entertaining divertente
familiar conoscere bene qcs
famous famoso
good bravo
incredible incredibile
innocent innocente
lengthy lungo
lucid chiaro, lucido
nervous nervoso
patient paziente
potential potenziale
psychometric psicometrico
redundant in esubero
reliable affidabile
responsible responsabile
risky rischioso
successful di successo
Phrasal verbs
break up (with sb) separarsi
break sth up interrompere, far finire
bring sth back risvegliare, restituire la memoria
bring sb up allevare
bring sth up sollevare, portare il discorso su
carry out sth effettuare, eseguire
clear up migliorare, schiarirsi
clear (sth) up mettere in ordine
give sth up smettere, rinunciare
give up doing sth smettere, rinunciare
give yourself up (to sb) arrendersi, consegnarsi
pick sb up andare a prendere
put sth out spegnere
sort sth out risolvere
be in control (of sth) controllare, tenere sotto il
proprio controllo
make your way (to/towards sth) dirigersi verso
your mind’s eye l’occhio della mente
Unit 2
build statura
burglar ladro
burglary furto con scasso
characteristic caratteristica
community service servizio civile
completion completamento
comprehension comprensione
construction 1) costruzione 2) edificio
contradiction contraddizione
conversation conversazione
effort sforzo
death penalty pena di morte
feature 1) tratto 2) lineamento
fine multa
fraud truffa
generalisation generalizzazione
humour umorismo
identity identità
identity parade ricognizione di persona, confronto
impersonator imitatore
individuality individualità
jury giuria
kidnapping sequestro di persona
lookalike sosia
manslaughter omicidio colposo
mugger scippatore
mugging scippo
offence reato
penfriend corrispondente
personality personalità
preacher predicatore
procedure procedura
profile profilo
punishment punizione
race razza
ransom riscatto
reward ricompensa
robbery rapina, furto
sentence pena, condanna
speeding eccesso di velocità
suspect persona sospettata, sospettato
theft furto
trade union sindacato
trial processo
view opinione
witness testimone
alter modificare, cambiare
appear comparire, apparire
arrest arrestare
conquer conquistare
earn guadagnare
emigrate emigrare
gain acquisire, acquistare
identify identificare
resemble assomigliare
win vincere
ashamed vergognato
astounded sbalordito
civilised civilizzato
comical comico
complicated complicato
desirable ambito, appetibile, apprezzato
disciplined disciplinato
embarrassed imbarazzato
fascinated affascinato
illegal illegale
intentional volontario, intenzionale
keen entusiasta
petty minore, insignificante
polite cortese
proud orgoglioso
unique unico
wise saggio
Phrasal verbs
break in entrare con effrazione
build sth up costruire
put sb/sth through passare (una telefonata)
put sb up alloggiare, sistemare
put sth away mettere a posto
put sth off/put off doing sth rinviare, rimandare
put sth up aumentare
put up with sb/sth sopportare, tollerare
bear sth in mind tener conto di
change your/sb’s mind cambiare idea,
abbandonare l’idea di fare
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Unit 3
ancestor antenato
couch potato persona che passa tutto il tempo
incollato davanti alla tivù
destruction distruzione
development sviluppo
fort forte
gift shop negozio di articoli da regalo
global warming riscaldamento dell’atmosfera
the human race razza umana
hunter-gatherer cacciatore, raccoglitore
invention invenzione
journey escursione, viaggio
living mezzi di sostenimento
tour visita, gita
trip viaggio, gita
variety varietà
view vista
voyage viaggio
add aggiungere
broadcast trasmettere
invade invadere
release diffondere, fare uscire
relive rivivere
shrink fare ristringere
soar 1) alzarsi in volo 2) salire alle stelle
support sostenere
Phrasal verbs
bring sth back riportare alla memoria
carry on (with sth/doing sth) continuare
get back to ritornare
give up sth/ give up doing sth smettere,
look back (on sth) ricordare, ripensare a
result in sth causare
ring (sb) back ritelefonare, richiamare
take sth back portare indietro
take off 1) decollare 2) prendere piede
take sth off 1) togliersi 2) prendere del tempo
take (sth) over prendere il potere, prendere
controllo di
try sth on provare
be/get too big for your boots montarsi la testa
bring sth to life trattare una materia in maniera
estremamente vivace
come to terms with sth accettare
on the one hand …; on the other (hand) … da
un lato … dall’altro …
set the scene (for sth) preparare la scena per qcs
accurate preciso
average medio
disastrous disastroso
high alto
undoubted indubbio
slightly leggermente, di poco
truly davvero, veramente
Unit 4
bargain affare
crop coltura
descendant discendente
disease malattia
hero eroe
immigrant immigrante
inhabitant abitante
orchard orto
population popolazione
produce prodotti agricoli
reputation riputazione
settlement insediamento
settler colono
skyscraper grattacielo
starvation fame
victory vittoria
claim sostenere, rivendicare
defeat sconfiggere
discover scoprire
escape scappare
fail essere scarso, fallire
find trovare
found fondare
gain acquisire
get sb to do sth persuadere
invent inventare
lay posare, porre
lie stendersi
raise alzare
receive ricevere
rise aumentare
settle insediarsi in
complex complesso
dramatic drammatico
eye-catching chiassoso, vistoso
genetic genetico
heroic eroico
impressive impressionante
minimal minimo
original originale
ideal ideale
previous precedente
simple semplice
skilled qualificato, specializzato
surviving sopravvissuto
Phrasal verbs
bring sth in introdurre
bring sth out fare uscire, lanciare
bring sb round fare rinvenire
bring sth back restituire, riportare
bring sth off portare a termine
drop in (on sb) visitare
get ahead andare avanti, fare progressi
get back to ritornare
get down to sth/doing sth mettersi a
get out of sth/of doing sth sottrarsi a
hold on aspettare
look into sth investigare
send off (for sth) richiedere qualcosa per posta
turn up arrivare
be a/the picture of health essere il ritratto della
going strong difendersi ancora bene
get in touch contattare
welcome the opportunity cogliere l’occasione
with flying colours brillantemente, trionfalmente
Unit 5
ambition ambizione
cash contanti
chance possibilità
charity istituto di beneficenza, associazione
control controllo
commercial spot pubblicitario
fame fama
field campo
fortune fortuna
grant sovvenzione
impact impatto
income reddito
invasion invasione, intrusione
lottery lotteria
millionaire milionario
privacy privacy
receipt scontrino
result risultato
sacrifice sacrificio
safe cassaforte
shore costa, riva
success successo
sum cifra
wealth ricchezza
youngster giovane
crawl 1) camminare a carponi 2) procedere
deceive ingannare
hold tenere, organizzare
inherit ereditare
launch lanciare
pick scegliere
push spingere, incoraggiare
raise raccogliere
recognise riconoscere
separate 1) dividere 2) separarsi
squeeze 1) spremere 2) infilarsi, riuscire a passare
suspect sospettare
waste sprecare
fortunate fortunato
huge vasto, enorme
pushy intraprendente, grintoso
spare di riserva
talented dotato
total totale
amicably amichevolmente
cheerfully gioiosamente
furthermore inoltre
however comunque, tuttavia
moreover inoltre
nevertheless cionondimeno
professionally 1) in ambito lavorativo 2) in modo
swiftly svelto
therefore perciò
unashamedly apertamente
unbelievably incredibilmente
unwisely in modo imprudente
Phrasal verbs
boil over traboccare
break (sth) off staccare
break sth off rompere
cloud over rannuvolarsi
fall down/over cadere per terra
get over sth superare, rimettersi da
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
go off andare a male
go off sb/sth non piacere più, non interessarsi più
hand sb/sth over cedere, consegnare
pull over accostare
put sb off distrarre
put sth off rinviare
run sb/sth over investire
send sb off espellere
send sth off inviare, spedire
set off partire
set sth off azionare, fare partire, attivare
set (sth) up avviare un’attività, mettersi in affari
sum (sth) up ricapitolare
at random a caso
look on the bright side vedere il lato positivo delle
move heaven and earth muovere mari e monti
on the contrary al contrario
Unit 6
approach approccio
assessment 1) valutazione 2) stima
assessor 1) consulente tecnico 2) ispettore, perito
category categoria
caution cautela
claustrophobia claustrofobia
collector collezionista
debt debito
emergency services servizi di soccorso
environmentalist ambientalista
expert esperto, specialista
form forma
generosity generosità
industrialist industriale
likelihood probabilità
link collegamento
manager manager
official funzionario
origin origine
playwright drammaturgo
poverty povertà
professor professore (universitario)
respectability rispettabilità
risk rischio
scale scala
security sicurezza
speed velocità
statistician statistico
trouble problema
assess 1) valutare 2) stimare
calculate 1) calcolare 2) valutare
categorise categorizzare
evaluate valutare, giudicare
measure 1) misurare 2) paragonare
desperate disperato
dramatic drammatico
fascinating affascinante
honest onesto
pioneering pionieristico, all’avanguardia
popular popolare
risky rischioso
actually in realtà
approximately circa
differently diversamente
entirely interamente
seriously seriamente
simply semplicemente
virtually praticamente
Phrasal verbs
break out (of sth) evadere da, scappare da
bring sb up allevare
come on sbrigati
drop out (of sth) ritirarsi, abbandonarsi
find sb out smascherare
go back (to sth) tornare
leave sb/sth out (of sth) omettere, dimenticare
make sth out capire
put sb through passare
stand out distinguersi da
work sth out risolvere
in a way in un certo modo
poor thing poverino
Unit 7
autumn autunno
biscuit biscotto
body language linguaggio del corpo
bonnet cofano
boot baule
chemist’s farmacia
chest of drawers cassettone
chip patata fritta
clip art clip art
Cockney cockney
dress rehearsal prova generale
effect effetto
electronic mail posta elettronica
error errore
expression espressione
fashion 1) moda 2) maniera
film film
first floor primo piano
full stop punto
garden giardino
handbag borsetta
impression impressione
keyboard tastiera
means mezzo, modo
mistake sbaglio
mobile phone cellulare
monitor monitor
motorway autostrada
mouse mouse
the Net Internet
note banconota
panel 1) pannello 2) commissione
pavement marciapiede
petrol benzina
point punto
post posta
printer stampante
research ricerca
rhyming slang gergo, come il cockney, in cui una
parola viene sostituita da un’altra parola che ha
lo stesso suono di essa
rubber gomma
rubbish immondizia, spazzatura
sweet caramella
table manners buone maniere a tavola
tin scatola
toilet gabinetto
tone tono
website sito web
affect avere effetti, influenzare
appear apparire, comparire
approach avvicinarsi
behave comportarsi
contact contattare
count contare
discuss discutere
download scaricare
notice notare
possess possedere
predict prevedere
prepare preparare
reach contattare
rehearse provare
serve scontare la pena, scontare una condanna
specialise specializzare
surf navigare (Internet)
update aggiornare
worship venerare
advantageous vantaggioso
adventurous avventuroso
cautious cauto
close vicino
common comune, frequente
computer-literate che ha conoscenze informatiche
courageous coraggioso
digital digitale
familiar familiare
hard difficile
nervous nervoso
peaceable pacifico
relieved sentirsi sollevato
ridiculous ridicolo
sensible assennato, ragionevole
strange strano
alike allo stesso modo
hardly quasi niente
online in linea, on-line
Phrasal verbs
come to sth arrivare a
go on doing sth continuare
log on entrare
turn up comparire
in/out of touch (with sb) rimanere in contatto con
take part (in sth) partecipare
take the trouble to do sth prendersi il disturbo o
la briga di fare
Unit 8
bench panchina
bough ramo
care preoccupazioni
chunk pezzo, tocco
commuter pendolare
contribution contributo
crust crosta
disaster disastro
encounter incontro
favour favore
glance sguardo
nobody nessuno
perk extra, vantaggio
poem poesia
poet poeta
poetry poesia
poster poster
punch pugno
routine routine
rubbish sciocchezze, fesserie
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
scent profumo
squatter squatter
sticker adesivo
struggle lotta
volunteer volontario
appreciate apprezzare
benefit avvantaggiare
bite mordere
bleat belare
cling aggrapparsi a
consider considerare
delight dilettare
enable permettere
enrich arricchire
entitle dare a qualcuno il diritto
exist esistere
fulfil realizzare
gaze fissare qcn, qcs
glide scivolare
grant concedere, acconsentire
graze pascolare, brucare l’erba
memorise memorizzare
realise rendersi conto
sip sorseggiare
sneeze starnutire
sniff 1) tirare su col naso 2) annusare
stare guardare fisso
daily quotidiano, giornaliero
fabulous fantastico
incomprehensible incomprensibile
likely probabile
precious prezioso
productive fruttuoso
safe sicuro
sensational sensazionalistico, scandalistico
terraced a schiera
although sebbene, benché
despite a dispetto di, malgrado
Phrasal verbs
keep on (doing sth) continuare
put sth forward proporre
hold hands tenere la mano
make a/some, etc difference (to sb/sth) fare la
differenza, cambiare le cose
pay a/the price (for sth/for doing sth) pagare il
slip through the net sfuggire
take advantage of sb/sth approfittare
Unit 9
appeal appello
attempt tentativo
blessing benedizione
bush cespuglio
challenge sfida
course corso
expedition spedizione
fortune fortuna
fuss storie
hand lavoratore, operaio
hitchhiker autostoppista
indifference indifferenza
lane sentiero
longing desiderio
opposition opposizione
the outback le zone dell’entroterra australiano
path sentiero
slope pendio
station allevamento
stream ruscello
track sentiero
unease disagio
vigour vigore
waste spreco
wood bosco
admit ammettere, confessare
bang sbattere
cool raffreddare
face fare fronte a
invest investire
mistake prendere qcn per qcn altro
move commuovere
propel azionare
regret rimpiangere
rely dipendere da
saddle sellare
spot avvistare
step fare un passo
sweep spazzare
aboriginal aborigeno
bent curvo
calm calmo
cheerful allegro
confident sicuro, fiducioso
current attuale
eager desideroso
excited eccitato
positive positivo
reluctant riluttante
restless irrequieto
searching inquisitorio
self-conscious a disagio, impacciato
shy timido
solitary solitario
stuck bloccato
surprised sorpreso
talkative loquace
tough difficile, duro, arduo
used abituato
weak debole
apparently apparentemente
deeply profondamente
gloriously magnificamente
politely cortesemente
wide spalancato
Phrasal verbs
break down rompersi
carry on continuare
face up to sth far fronte a
get away (from sth) fuggire, scappare
get by (on/in/with sth) cavarsela, farcela
get off (sth) scendere da
look back guardare indietro
make out distinguere, decifrare
round sb/sth up radunare, chiamare a raccolta
settle down sistemarsi, sposarsi
turn sth off spegnere
at (long) last finalmente
in the end alla fine
make up your mind decidersi
Unit 10
appointment appuntamento
attitude atteggiamento
commitment 1) dedizione 2) impegno
curriculum vitae curriculum vitae
deforestation disboscamento
drought siccità
earthquake terremoto
fleet flotta
flood innondazione, alluvione
global warming riscaldamento dell’atmosfera
hurricane uragano
hustle trambusto
location esterni
peer pari, collega, contemporaneo
plant impianto, stabilimento, centrale
pollution inquinamento
productivity produttività
referee arbitro
report resoconto, relazione
stereotype stereotipo
tidal wave onda di marea
utopia utopia
volcano vulcano
wealth miniera, profusione
wildlife flora e fauna
acquire acquisire
agree essere d’accordo
apply inoltrare domanda, richiedere
confess confessare
doze sonnecchiare
enclose allegare
impress fare impressione su
market vendere, commercializzare
order ordinare
organise 1 organizzare 2 sistemare, ordinare
promote promuovere, pubblicizzare
amazed stupito, sbalordito
amazing straordinario, sorprendente
ambitious ambizioso
appalled inorridito, sbigottito
appalling orribile, spaventoso
astonishing sorprendente, incredibile
cool fico, giusto, in gamba
desirable ambito, appetibile
disturbing inquietante
dreadful terribile
endangered a rischio
essential indispensabile
far-sighted previdente
fascinated affascinato
flexible flessibile
idyllic idilliaco
optimistic ottimista
triumphantly trionfalmente
Phrasal verbs
get on progredire, far carriera
hand (sth) over (to sb) passare le consegne a,
trasferire il potere
keep sb on continuare a tenere
launch into sth lanciarsi in
look forward to sth/doing sth aspettare con
look into sth investigare
play on sth speculare su
put out (to…/from…) salpare
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
run out (of sth) finire, esaurirsi
send sth in inviare, inoltrare
slow down prendersela più calma
take sb on assumere
take sth on assumersi, accettare
take (sth) over subentrare
take sth up 1) darsi a 2) intraprendere, cominciare
bi- bi-
co- co-, com-, con-, col-
ex- ex-
non- non-, in-, im-
over- sovra-, super-, iper-, sur-, stra-
re- ri-, re-
sub- sotto-, sub-
shake your head scuotere la testa
be snowed under (with sth) essere sommerso da
in time (for sth/to do sth) puntuale
take sb by surprise essere una vera sorpresa
a/sb’s way of life stile di vita
Yours faithfully distinti saluti
Yours sincerely distinti saluti
Matrix Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1 Nouns ability (pl abilities) (to do sth) the mental or physical power or skill that makes it possible to do sth: an ability to make decisions schopnosť advice an opinion or a suggestion that you give sb about what he/she should do: Let me give you some advice. r ada annoyance the feeling of being angry or slightly angry verb: annoy mr zutosť attraction 1 a feeling of liking sb/sth: sexual attraction 2 sth that is interesting or enjoyable: The city offers all kinds of tourist attractions. verb: attract príťažlivosť, pôvab/atrakcia, zaujímavosť boar d the meals that are provided when you stay in a hotel, etc: The prices are for a double room and full board (= all the meals). str ava, stravovanie br ainpower the ability to think; intelligence schopnosť myslenia chance of (doing) sth a possibility: I think we stand a good chance of winning the competition. šanca, príležitosť cir cus a show performed in a large tent by a company of people and animals cir kusové predstavenie co­operation (with sb/sth) working or doing sth together with sb else in order to achieve sth: Schools are working in close co­operation with parents to improve standards. spolupr áca decision a choice or judgement that you make after thinking about various possibilities: Have you made a decision yet? verb: decide r ozhodnutie deter mination (to do sth) the quality of having firmly decided to do sth, even if it is very difficult: You need great determination to succeed in business. odhodlanie digit any of the numbers from 0 to 9: a six­digit telephone number číslo, číslica discussion the process of talking about sth seriously or deeply: We had a long discussion about art. diskusia dream a series of events or pictures which happen in your mind while you are asleep: I had a dream about you last night. sen employee a person who works for sb: The factory has 500 employees. zamestnanec/zamestnank yňa employer a person or company that pays people to work for him/her/it zamestnávateľ/ka employment the state of having a paid job: to be in/out of employment verb: employ zamestnanie enter tainment film, music, etc used to interest and amuse people verb: entertain zábava fine a sum of money that you have to pay for breaking a law or rule: a parking fine pokuta host a person who invites guests to his/her house, etc and provides them with food and drink hostiteľ/ka inter viewee a person who is questioned in an interview opýtaný/á inter viewer a person who asks the questions in an interview r epor tér/ka job the work that you do regularly to earn money: She got a job as a waitress. práca, zamestnanie laser a device that produces a controlled ray of very powerful light that can be used as a tool laser management the people who control a business or a company: The management is/are considering making some workers redundant. vedenie, r iadenie, správa (podniku), predstavitelia vedenia memor y (pl memories) 1 a person’s ability to remember things: to have a good/bad memory 2 something that you remember: childhood memories pamäť/spomienky moped a type of small, not very powerful motorbike moped motivation the feeling that you want to do sth, especially sth that involves hard work and effort: He’s clever enough, but he lacks motivation. verb: motivate motivácia, stimul nightmar e a frightening or unpleasant dream: I had a terrible nightmare last night about being trapped in a lift. nočná mora patience/ the quality of being able to stay calm and not
get angry, especially when there is a difficulty or you have to wait a long time: to lose patience with sb opposite: impatience trpezlivosť perfor mance 1 the act of taking part in a play or singing, dancing, etc in front of an audience 2 the way in which you do sth, especially how successful you are: The company’s performance was disappointing this year. verb: perform vystúpenie, predstavenie/výkon(nosť) pr actice (a period of) doing an activity many times or training regularly so that you become good at it: His accent should improve with practice. verb: practise trénovanie, nacvičovanie psychologist a scientist who studies the mind and the way that people behave psychológ responsibility a duty to help or take care of sb because of your job, position, etc: She feels a strong sense of responsibility towards her employees. zodpovednosť right (to sth/to do sth) a thing that you are allowed to do according to the law; a moral authority to do sth: Everyone has the right to a fair trial. pr ávo (na niečo, r obiť niečo) solution (to sth) a way of solving a problem, dealing with a difficult situation, etc: Attempts to find a solution to this problem have failed. r iešenie staff the group of people who work for a particular organisation: The hotel has over 200 people on its staff. stav, skupina zamestnancov, per sonál strength the quality of being physically strong; the amount of this quality that you have: I didn’t have the strength to walk any further. sila talk (on sth) a formal speech on a particular subject; a lecture: He’s coming to give a talk on global warming. pr ednáška test 1 a short exam to measure sb’s knowledge or skill in sth: a memory/spelling test 2 an experiment to see if sth works or to find out more information about it: to carry out a test test, skúška/pokus, experiment tr apeze a wooden or metal bar hanging from two ropes high above the ground, used by entertainers: She worked as a trapeze artist in the circus. visutá hrádza under standing the ability to know why people behave in a particular way and to forgive them if they do sth wrong or bad: We must deal with the problem with sympathy and understanding. porozumenie, pochopenie wor k the job that you do, especially in order to earn money; the place where you do your job: It’s very difficult to find work in this city. He’s been out of work (= without a job) for six months. práca, zamestnanie, miesto (kam chodí človek do práce) Verbs advise (sb) (to do sth) to tell sb what you think he/she should do: I would strongly advise you to take the job. (po)radiť develop to grow slowly, increase or change into sth else; to make sb/sth do this: Scientists have developed a drug against this disease. vyvinúť, r ozvinúť dream (pt, pp dreamt) (about sb/sth) to see or experience pictures and events in your mind while you are asleep: I dreamt about the house I lived in as a child. snívať (o niekom, o niečom) encour age sb/sth (in sth/to do sth) to give hope, support or confidence to sb: The teacher encouraged them to ask questions. povzbudiť, povzbudzovať (niekoho/niečo) imagine to form a picture or an idea in your mind of what sb/sth might be like: I can’t imagine what it must feel like to be made redundant. predstaviť si impr ove to become or to make sth better: Your work has greatly improved. zlepšiť (sa) memor ise to learn sth so that you can remember it exactly: Actors have to memorise their lines. (na)učiť sa doslova/naspamäť r ecruit to find new people to join a company, an organisation, etc: Hundreds of young people have been recruited to the teaching profession. získavať členov/zamestnancov r emember
/ 1 (sb/sth) (doing sth) to have sb/sth in your mind or to bring sb/sth back into your mind: Do you remember inviting Jerry to the party? 2 (sth/to do sth) to not forget what you have to do: I remembered to buy the coffee. (za)pamätať
si, spomenúť (si) (na niekoho/niečo)/nezabudnú ť, spomenúť si na remind sb (to do sth/that…) to help sb to remember sth, especially sth important that he/she has to do: Can you remind me to water the plants tomorrow? pripomenúť niekomu, upomenúť niekoho specialise (in sth) to become an expert in a particular area of work, study or business: He specialised in criminal law. špecializovať sa (na niečo) spend (pt, pp spent) sth (on sth/doing sth) to use time for a particular purpose; to pass time: He spent two years in Rome. str áviť čas (čím/r obením niečoho) str ike (pt, pp struck) to stop work as a protest: The workers voted to strike for a pay increase. byť v stávke tr ain (sb) (as/in/for sth/to do sth) to teach a person the skills for a particular job or activity; to be taught in this way: Sue is training to be a doctor. well/badly trained staff zaučovať/učiť (niekoho), (vy)učiť sa Adjectives annoying making you feel angry or slightly angry: His most annoying habit is always arriving late. znechucujúci, obťažujúci attractive beautiful or nice to look at opposite: unattractive príťažlivý aware (that…) knowing about or realising sth; conscious of sb/sth: I suddenly became aware that somone was watching me. vedomý si (že…) bad (worse; worst) (at sth/at doing sth) not able to do sth well or easily; not skilful or reliable: I’ve always been bad at remembering friends’ birthdays. zlý (v čom/v robení čoho) capable (of sth/of doing sth) having the ability or qualities necessary to do sth: He’s capable of passing the exam if he tries harder. schopný (čoho/(u)r obiť čo) confusing difficult to understand: Her instructions were contradictory and confusing. mätúci enter taining interesting and amusing zábavný familiar with sth having a good knowledge of sth: People in Europe aren’t very familiar with Chinese music. vyr ozumený s čím famous (for sth) known about by many people: Glasgow is famous for its museums and art galleries. známy čím good (better; best) at sth able to do sth or deal with sb/sth well: Are you any good at drawing? dobr ý v čom incr edible impossible or very difficult to believe: I found his account of the event incredible. neuveriteľný innocent not having done wrong: An innocent man was arrested by mistake. opposite: guilty nevinný lengthy very long, and often too long, in time or size: lengthy delays/discussions zdĺhavý, rozvláčny lucid (used about a person’s mind) not confused; clear and normal jasný ner vous (about/of sth/doing sth) worried or afraid: I’m a bit nervous about travelling on my own. ustaraný, ner vózny (kvôli čomu/robení čoho) patient able to stay calm and not get angry, especially when there is a difficulty or you have to wait a long time: She’s very patient with young children. opposite: impatient tr pezlivý potential that may possibly become sth,happen, be used, etc: potential customers potenciálny psychometr ic used for measuring mental abilities and processes: psychometric testing psychometr ický r edundant (used about employees) no longer needed for a job and therefore out of work: When the factory closed 800 people were made redundant. nadbytočný, prepustený r eliable that you can trust: Japanese cars are usually very reliable. opposite: unreliable spoľahlivý r esponsible having the job or duty of dealing with sb/sth, so that it is your fault if sth goes wrong: The school is responsible for the safety of the children in school hours. zodpovedný r isky (riskier; riskiest) involving the possibility of sth bad happening; dangerous r iskantný successful having achieved what you wanted; having become popular, rich, etc: I wasn’t very successful at keeping the news secret. úspešný
Phr asal verbs br eak up (with sb) to end a relationship with a wife, husband, girlfriend, boyfriend, etc: She’s broken up with her boyfriend. rozísť sa (s kým) br eak sth up to end an event by separating the people who are involved in it: The police arrived and broke up the fight. prerušiť, ukončiť (niečo) br ing sth back to cause sb to remember sth: The photos brought back many happy memories of home. pripomenúť (niečo) br ing sb up to look after a child until he/she is adult and to teach him/her how to behave: After their mother’s death, the children were brought up by their grandparents. vychovávať koho br ing sth up to introduce sth into a discussion or conversation: I intend to bring the matter up at our next meeting. navrhnúť, prísť s návr hom k diskusii carr y out sth to do a task, repair, etc: to carry out tests/an investigation previesť, pr evádzať, r obiť (napr. vyšetrovanie) clear up (used about the weather) to get better: We can go out for a walk if it clears up later. zlepšiť, vyjasniť (sa) (o počasí) clear (sth) up to make sth tidy: Make sure you clear up this mess before you go out. upratať (niečo) give sth up; give up doing sth to stop doing or having sth that you did or had regularly before: The doctor told him to give up smoking and drinking. pr estať (niečo) robiť give your self up (to sb) to go to the police when they are trying to catch you vzdať sa (komu/väčšinou polícii) pick sb up to collect sb in a car, etc: I’ll pick you up outside the station. staviť sa pr e koho, vyzdvihnúť koho put sth out to make sth stop burning: to put out a fire/a cigarette uhasiť niečo sor t sth out to find an answer to a problem; to deal with sth: We’d better sort out the problem with the tax office before we do anything else. (vy)r iešiť niečo Idioms be in control (of sth) to have the power or ability to deal with sth: In spite of all her family problems, she’s really in control. mať (niečo) pod kontr olou make your way (to/towards sth) to move or get somewhere: When you come out of the station, make your way to the town centre. ísť smerom smer om (k čomu), smer ovať (k čomu) your mind’s eye your imagination: In my mind’s eye I could picture the scene. tvoja/vaša pr edstavivosť Unit 2 Nouns build the shape and size of sb’s body. telesná konštr ukcia burglar a person who enters a building illegally in order to steal zlodej/ka burglary (pl – ries) the crime of entering a building illegally in order to steal krádež, vlámanie char acter istic (of sb/sth) a quality that is typical of sb/sth and that makes him/her/it different from other people or things charakter istická čr ta, charakter istika (pre koho/čo) community service wor k helping people in the local community that sb does because a court of law has ordered it as a punishment odsúdenie k verejným prácam completion the act of finishing sth or the state of being finished verb: complete dokončenie, ukončenie comprehension the ability to understand verb:comprehend por ozumenie, pochopenie construction 1 the act or method of building or making sth 2 something that has been built or made; a building verb: construct výstavba, stavebná činnosť, konštruovanie/stavba, budova, konštrukcia contr adiction a statement, fact or action that is opposite to or different from another one verb: contradict rozpor conver sation a talk between two or more people verb: converse konverzácia, rozhovor effor t something that is done with difficulty or that takes a lot of energy: She always
made/put in an effort to remember all her students’ names. úsilie, snaha death penalty the legal punishment of being killed for a crime tr est smrti featur e 1 an important, interesting or noticeable part of sth: geographical features 2 a part of the face: Her eyes are her best feature. črta, aspekt/črty tváre, tvár fine a sum of money that you have to pay for breaking a law or rule pokuta fr aud 1 (an act of) cheating sb in order to get money,etc illegally 2 a person who tricks sb by pretending to be sb else podvod/povodník/čka generalisation a general statement that is based on only a few facts or examples. zovšeobecnenie, gener alizácia humour being able to see when sth is funny and to laugh at things: Rose has a great sense of humour. humor identity the characteristics, feelings or beliefs that distinguish people from others identita, spolunáležitosť, svojbytnosť, totožnosť identity parade a line of people, including one person who is suspected of a crime, who are shown to a witness to see if he/she recognises the criminal. identifikácia podozr ivého/ých imper sonator a person who copies the way another person talks or behaves in order to entertain people imitátor/ka individuality the qualities that make sb/sth different from other people or things osobnosť, individualita jur y a group of members of the public in a court of law who listen to the facts about a crime and decide if sb is guilty or not guilty: Has/Have the jury reached a verdict? porota kidnapping the crime of taking sb away by force and demanding money for his/her safe return únos lookalike a person who looks very similar to the person mentioned: an Elvis lookalike podobná osoba manslaughter the crime of killing sb without intending to do so neúmyselné zabitie mugger a person who attacks and robs sb in the street zlodej/ka, lupič/ka mugging the crime of attacking and robbing sb in the street olúpenie, násilné prepadnutie offence a crime; an illegal action priestupok penfr iend a person that you become friendly with by exchanging letters, often a person who you have never met priateľ/ka (obv. v cudzine), s ktor ým/ktor ou si len píšeme per sonality the different qualities of a person’s character that make him/her different from other people osobitosť, svojr áznosť, osonosť, per sonalita preacher a person who gives religious talks (sermons), for example in a church kazateľ procedur e the usual or correct way of doing sth bežný postup, pr ocedúra profile a short description of sb/sth that gives useful information: We’re building up a profile of our average customer. pr ofil, protrét punishment (for sth) an act or a way of making sb suffer for sth bad he/she has done tr est, potr estanie r ace a group of people who have the same language, customs, history, etc kmeň, nár od, plemeno r ansom the money that you must pay to free sb who has been captured illegally and who is being kept as a prisoner výkupné r eward an amount of money that is given in exchange for helping the police, returning sth that was lost, etc odmena r obber y the crime of stealing from a place or a person, especially using violence or threats: He was found guilty of armed robbery (= using a weapon) lúpež, násilné pr epadnutie sentence the punishment given by a judge in a court of law to sb who has been found guilty of a crime rozsudok speeding the crime of driving a vehicle faster than the legal limit veľmi r ýchla jazda, prekr očenie povolenej rýchlosti suspect a person who is thought to be guilty of a crime podozr ivý/á
theft the crime of stealing sth krádež tr ade union an organisation for people who all do the same type of work. Trade unions try to get better pay and working conditions for their members. odbory tr ial the process in a court of law where a judge, etc listens to evidence and decides if sb is guilty of a crime or not: He was on trial for murder. Process, súdne pojednávanie view(about/on sth) an opinion or a particular way of thinking about sth: She has strong views on the subject. názor (na niečo), pochopenie (čoho) witness (to sth) a person who sees sth happen and who can tell other people about it later: There were two witnesses to the accident. očitý svedok/svedkyňa (čoho) Ver bs alter to make sth different in some way, but without changing it completely; to become different: The village seems to have altered very little in the last twenty years. pozmeniť, zmeniť (sa) appear to perform or speak where you are seen by a lot of people: to appear on television/in a show noun: appearance objaviť sa, vystupovať (na ver ejnosti) ar rest when the police arrest sb, they take him/her prisoner in order to question him/her about a crime: He was arrested for speeding. zatknúť conquer to take control of a country or city and its people by force, especially in a war dobyť, podr obiť si ear n to get money by working: It’s hard to earn a living as an artist. zar obiť si emigr ate (from/to somewhere) to leave your own country to go and live in another: They emigrated to Australia ten years ago. emigrovať, odísť (z/do) gain to gradually get more of sth: to gain weight/confidence získať, zlepšiť, nadobudnúť identify sb/sth (as sb/sth) to recognize or be able to say who or what sb/sth is: The bodies were identified as those of two suspected drug dealers. noun: identification identifikovať, r ozpoznať niekoho/niečo r esemble to be or look like sb/sth else: Laura resembles her brother. byť, vyzer ať ako niekto/niečo win //(pt, pp won) to get money, a prize, etc as a result of success in a competition, race, etc: He won the jackpot in the lottery. vyhr ať Adjectives ashamed (not before a noun) (of sb/sth/yourself) feeling guilty or embarrassed about sb/sth or because of sth you have done: You should be ashamed of yourself for telling such lies. zahanbený kým/čím/pr ed sebou samým, hanbiaci sa (za koho/čo/seba) astounded feeling or showing great surprise or shock: She looked astounded at the news. ohr omený civilised 1 (used about a society) well­organised; having a high level of social and cultural development 2 polite and reasonable: a civilised conversation civilizovaný, kultúr ny/zdvorilý, rozumný comical that makes you laugh; funny komický, smiešny complicated made of many different things or parts that are connected; difficult to understand: The story is extremely complicated. komplikovaný/á, nepochopiteľný/á desir able wanted, often by many people; worth having: Experience is desirable, but not essential for this job. opposite: undesirable žiaduci disciplined 1 trained to obey particular rules and to behave in a certain way: a disciplined army/team 2 having the ability to control the way you behave and make yourself do things that you believe you should do opposite: undisciplined (vy)cvičený, (pre)školený, natr énovaný/disciplinova ný embarr assed (about/at sth) feeling uncomfortable or shy because of sth silly you have done, because people are looking at you, etc: I’m so embarrassed about forgetting her name. previnilý, zahanbený (čím) fascinated (by sth) very interested: I’ve always been fascinated by his ideas. uchvátený, fascinovaný (čím) illegal not allowed by the law adverb: illegally nelegálny
intentional done on purpose, not by chance: I’m sorry I took your jacket – it wasn’t intentional! opposite: unintentional. zámerný, úmyselný keen 1 (on sb/sth) very interested in or having a strong desire for sb/sth: He’s very keen on jazz. 2 (to do sth) very interested in sth; wanting to do sth: She’s very keen to get some practical experience. majúci veľký záujem o (koho/čo)/chtivý (niečo r obiť) veľmi petty small and unimportant: petty crime/theft ( = that is not very serious) dr obný, banálny polite having good manners and showing respect for others: The shop assistants are always very helpful and polite. opposite: impolite zdvorilý pr oud (of sb/sth) feeling pleased and satisfied about sth that you own or have done pyšný, hrdý (na koho/čo) unique not like anything else; being the only one of its type jedinečný, unikátny wise having the knowledge or experience to make good and sensible decisions and judgements opposite: unwise múdr y, r ozumný Phr asal verbs br eak in to enter a building by force, usually in order to steal sth: The thieves broke in during the night. vlúpať sa, vlámať sa build sth up to create or develop sth: She’s built up a successful business. vybudovať, zostaviť, vytvoriť niečo put sb/sth through to make a telephone connection that allows sb to speak to sb: Could you put me through to the manager, please? spojiť, prepojiť niekoho/niečo s niekým/niečím put sb up to give sb food and a place to stay: She had missed the last train home, so I offered to put her up for the night. ubytovať niekoho, poskytnúť nocľah/ubytovanie put sth away to put sth where you usually keep it because you have finished using it: Put the tools away if you’ve finished with them. upratať, dať niečo na svoje miesto put sth off/put off doing sth to move sth to a later time; to postpone doing sth: She put off writing her composition until the last minute. odložiť niečo/r obenie niečoho put sth up to increase sth: Some shops put up their prices just before Christmas. zvýšiť, navŕ šiť niečo put up with sb/sth to suffer sb/sth unpleasant and not complain about it: I don’t know how they put up with all this noise. zmier iť sa s kým/čím Idioms bear sth in mind to remember or consider (that); to remember sb/sth: We’ll bear your suggestion in mind for the future. mať niečo na pamäti/mysli, pamätať si change your/sb’s mind to change a decision or an opinion: Nothing will make me change my mind about this. zmeniť svoj/niekoho názor Unit 3 Nouns ancestor a person in your family who lived a long time before you pr edok couch potato (pl couch potatoes) a person who spends a lot of time sitting and watching television televízny maniak, človek neustále sledujúci televíziu destr uction the action of destroying sth: the destruction of the rainforests verb: destroy deštrukcia, zničenie development the process of becoming bigger, stronger, better etc, or of making sb/sth do this: the development of tourism in Cuba verb: develop rozvoj, vývoj for t a strong building that is used for military defence obr anná pevnosť, opevnenie gift shop a shop that sells goods that are suitable for giving as presents obchod s darčekovými predmetmi global warming the increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, caused by the increase of certain gases globálne oteplovanie the human race all the people in the world, thought of as a group ľudská r asa, ľudské pokolenie hunter ­gatherer a member of a group of people who do not live in one place but move around and live by hunting and fishing and
eating food that grows wild (kočujúci) lovec a zberač invention a thing that has been made or designed by sb for the first time verb: invent vynález jour ney the act of travelling from one place to another, usually on land: The journey to work takes me forty minutes. cesta living money to buy things that you need in life: He makes a good living from selling his paintings. What do you do for a living? živobytie tour (of/ar ound sth) a journey that you make for pleasure during which you visit many places: We went on a guided tour (= by sb who knows about the place) of the palace. exkur zia (kam/okolo čoho) tr ip a journey to a place and back again, either for pleasure or for a particular purpose: How was your trip to Turkey? to go on a business/shopping trip cesta, výlet, zájazd variety (pl varieties) (of sth) a number of different types of the same thing: There is a wide variety of dishes to choose from. verb: vary r ozmanitosť (čoho) viewwhat you can see from a particular place, especially beautiful natural scenery: There’s a great view from the top of the mountain. výhľad, r ozhľad voyage a long journey by sea or in space: a voyage to Jupiter plavba (loďou na mori), let (do vesmír u) Ver bs add (sth) (to sth) to put sth together with sth else, so that you increase the size, number, value, etc: I added a couple more items to the list. pridať (niečo) (k niečomu) broadcast to send out radio or television programmes:The new series will be broadcast in the autumn. vysielať invade to enter a country with an army in order to attack and take control of it: When did the Romans invade Britain? prepadnúť, vpadnúť, pr eviesť inváziu r elease to make a film, record, etc available so the public can see or hear it: The new film will be released in Britain next week. vydať, zver ejniť, vytlačiť, pr ísť do kina r elive to remember sth and imagine that it is happening again. znovu prežiť shr ink (pt shrank or shrunk; pp shrunk) to become smaller or make sth smaller: My T­ shirt shrank in the wash. scvr knúť, zr aziť (sa) soar 1 to fly high in the air 2 to rise very fast: Prices are soaring because of inflation. letieť, vzášať sa vysoko/vyletieť hor e, pr udko stúpnuť support to provide food, etc, necessary to live: The earth can’t support more people. poskytnúť výživu Phrasal ver bs bring sth back to cause sb to remember sth: The photographs brought back memories of his childhood. privolať, pripomenúť, vyvolať, prinieť späť niečo car ry on (with sth/doing sth) to continue: They ignored me and carried on talking. pokračovať (s čím/roením čoho) get back to return to the place where you live or work: When did you get back from Italy? vr átiť sa späť give up sth/ give up doing sth to stop doing or having sth that you did or had regularly before: I’ve tried many times to give up smoking. vzdať sa čoho/r obenia čoho, prestať (r obiť) čo look back (on sth) to think about sth in your past: I look back on my childhood with fond memories. obhliadať sa späť/do minulosti (na čo) r esult in sth to cause sth to happen; to produce as an effect: The accident on the motorway resulted in long delays. mať za následok čo, vyústiť v čo r ing (sb) back to telephone sb again or to telephone sb who has telephoned you: I can’t talk now – can I ring you back later? zavolať, zatelefonovať (komu) späť take sth back to return sth to the place that you got it from: If the jumper doesn’t fit, you can always take it back to the shop and change it. vrátiť, vziať späť take off 1 (used about an aircraft) to leave the ground and start flying: The plane took off an hour late. 2 (used about an idea, a product, etc) to become successful or popular very quickly or suddenly: Her singing career took off after her TV appearance. vzlietnuť, odletieť,
vyštartovať/začať mať úspech, byť populárny, uchytiť sa take sth off 1 to remove sth, especially clothes: Come in and take your coat off. 2 to have the period of time mentioned as a holiday: I’m going to take next week off. dať dolu, vyzliecť sa/vziať si dovolenku take (sth) over 1 to gain control of a political party, a country, etc: The army is threatening to take over if civil unrest continues. 2 to get control of sth or responsibility for sth prevziať, prebr ať (vedenie, vládu, kontr olu) (nad čím)/získať kontrolu (nad čím) tr y sth on to put on a piece of clothing to see if it fits you properly: Can I try these jeans on, please? (vy)skúšať si čo Idioms be/get too big for your boots to be/become too proud of yourself; to behave as if you are more important than you really are myslieť si o sebe veľa, byť príliš namyslený br ing sth to life to make sth more interesting or exciting: The new teacher really brought French to life for us. oživiť čo, spôsobiť, že je niečo zaujímavé come to ter ms with sth to accept sth unpleasant or difficult: She is still coming to terms with her father’s death. zvykať si na čo, zmier ovať sa s čím on the one hand …; on the other (hand) … used for showing opposite points of view: On the one hand they’d love to have kids, but on the other hand, they don’t want to give up their freedom. Na jednej str ane…,ale na druhej str ane... set the scene (for sth) 1 to create a situation in which sth can easily happen or develop: His arrival set the scene for another argument. 2 to give sb the information and details they need in order to understand what comes next: The first part of the programme was just setting the scene. pr ipraviť pôdu (pr e čo)/objasniť situáciu Adjectives accur ate exact and correct; without mistakes: He gave the police an accurate description of the robbers. noun: accuracy presný average 1 (used about a number) calculated by adding several amounts together, finding a total, and dividing the total by the number of amounts: an average cost/price pr iemerný 2 typical or normal: children of above/below average intelligence noun: average pr iemerný, nor málny, typický disastrous very bad, harmful or unsuccessful: a disastrous fire/result katastrofický high (used about things) having a large distance between the bottom and the top: The wall was so high that we couldn’t see over it. noun: height vysoký undoubted used to emphasise that sth exists or is definitely true: She has an undoubted talent as an organiser. adverb: undoubtedly jednoznačný, jasný Adver bs slightly a little: I’m slightly older than John. adjective: slight trochu, o tr ochu truly (used to emphasise a feeling, statement) really; completely: We are truly grateful to you for your help. adjective: true skutočne Unit 4 Nouns bargain something that is cheaper or at a lower price than usual výhodná kúpa crop all the grain, fruit, etc of one type that a farmer grows at one time: a crop of apples úr oda descendant a person who belongs to the same family as sb who lived a long time ago: Her family are descendants of one of the first Englishmen to arrive in America. potomok disease an illness of the body in humans, animals or plants: These children suffer from a rare disease. choroba her o (pl heroes) a person who is admired, especially for having done sth difficult or good: The team were given a hero’s welcome when they returned. hrdina/hr dinka immigr ant a person who has come into a foreign country to live there permanently prisťahovalec inhabitant a person or an animal that lives in a place: The local inhabitants protested at the plans for a
new motorway. obyvateľ/ka or char d a piece of land on which fruit trees are grown: an apple orchard sad population the number of people who live in a particular area, city or country: What’s the population of your country? verb: populate populácia, obyvateľstvo pr oduce food, etc that is grown on a farm and sold: fresh farm produce verb: produce poľnohospodár ska plodina reputation (for/as sth) the opinion that people in general have about what sb/sth is like: He gained a reputation as a troublemaker. verb: repute povesť, meno, r eputácia settlement a place that a group of people have built and live in, where few or no people lived before; the process of people starting to live in a place: This site is believed to have been a prehistoric settlement. osídlenie, kolonizácia settler a person who goes to live permanently in a place where not many people live osadník skyscr aper an extremely tall building mrakodrap star vation suffering or death because there is not enough food: to die of starvation verb: starve hladovanie, smrť hladom victory (pl victories) success in winning a battle, game, competition, etc víťazstvo Verbs claim 1 to say that sth is true, without having any proof: The woman claims to be the oldest person in Britain. 2 to demand or ask for sth because you believe it is your legal right to own or to have it: Early settlers claimed the land for the French. tvrdiť/dožadovať sa, r obiť si nár ok na defeat to win a game, a fight, a vote, etc against sb; to beat sb: The army defeated the rebels after three days of fighting. por aziť discover to find or learn sth that nobody had found or knew before: Who discovered the lost city of Machu Picchu? noun: discovery objaviť, nájsť escape to manage to get away from a place where you do not want to be; to get free uniknúť fail to not be enough or not do what people are expecting or wanting: If the crops fail, people will starve. nedosiahnuť očakávanú úr oveň find (pt, pp found) to discover sth that you want or that you have lost after searching for it objaviť, nájsť found to be the first to start building and living in a town or country: Liberia was founded by freed American slaves. založiť gain to obtain or win sth, especially sth that you need or want: The country gained its independence ten years ago. získať get sb to do sth to make or persuade sb to do sth: He got his sister to help him with his homework. synonym: persuade presvedčiť koho, aby urobil čo invent to think of or make sth for the first time: When was the camera invented? vynájsť lay (pt, pp laid) to put sb/sth carefully in a particular position or on a horizontal surface: She laid a sheet over the dead body. položiť lie (present participle lying; pt lay; pp lain) to be in or move into a flat or horizontal position (so that you are not standing or sitting): He lay on the sofa and went to sleep. ležať r aise to lift sth up: She raised her hand to ask a question. zdvihnúť r eceive to get or accept sth that sb sends or gives to you: I received a letter from an old friend last week. obdržať, dostať r ise (pt rose; pp risen) to move upwards, to become higher, stronger or to increase: The temperature has risen to nearly forty degrees. stúpnuť (si), nabrať na sile/veľkosti settle to go and live permanently in a new country, area, town, etc: A great many immigrants have settled in this country. usadiť sa Adjectives complex made up of several connected parts and often difficult to understand; complicated zložitý, komplikovaný dramatic 1 noticeable or sudden and often
surprising:a dramatic change/increase/ improvement 2 exciting or impressive: the film’s dramatic opening scene náhly/dramatický, úchvatný eye­catching (used about a thing) attracting your attention immediately because it is interesting, bright or pretty pútavý genetic connected with the development of units (genes) in the cells of a living thing that control its physical characteristics: genetic abnormalities genetický heroic (used about people or their actions) having a lot of courage: a heroic effort her oický, hrdinský impressive causing a feeling of admiration and respect because of the importance, size, quality, etc of sth: an impressive building pôsobivý minimal very small in amount, size or level; as little as possible: The project must be carried out at minimal cost. minimálny, velmi malý or iginal first; earliest (before any changes or developments): The original meaning of this word is different from the meaning it has nowadays. pôvodný, originálny ideal the best possible; perfect: She’s the ideal candidate for the job. ideálny pr evious coming or happening before or earlier: Do you have previous experience of this type of work? predchádzajúci simple easy to understand, do or use; not difficult or complicated jednoduchý, ľahký, nekomplikovaný skilled 1 (used about a person) having the ability to do sth well, especially because of training, practice, etc: a skilled worker 2 (used about work, a job etc) needing skill or skills; done by people who have been trained: a highly skilled job vyškolený, vyučený, odborne vzdelaný/vzdelaný­ vyučený pr acovník sur viving continuing to live or exist: She was the last surviving member of the family. žijúci, pr ežívajúci Phrasal ver bs bring sth in to introduce sth: The government have brought in a new law on dangerous dogs. uviesť do platnosti bring sth out to produce sth or cause sth to appear: When is the company bringing out its next new model? uviesť na trh, pr ísť s niečím bring sb r ound to make sb become conscious again: I splashed cold water on his face to try to bring him round. prebrať z bezvedomia, pr ísť k sebe bring sth back (for sb) to return with sth for sb: Could you bring the book back next week? vr átiť, pr iniesť späť bring sth off to succeed in doing sth difficult: The team brought off an amazing victory. uspieť drop in (on sb) to go to sb’s house on an informal visit or without having told him/her you were coming: We were in the area so we thought we’d drop in on you. synonym: visit krátko alebo nečakane navštíviť get ahead to progress and be successful in sth, especially a career postúpiť get back to return to the place where you live or work: When did you get back from Italy? vr átiť get down to sth/doing sth to start working on sth: We’d better stop chatting and get down to business. dať sa do, pustiť sa do get out of sth/of doing sth to avoid a duty or doing sth that you have said you will do: He always gets out of doing the cleaning. vykrútiť sa z, vyvliecť sa z hold on to wait or stop for a moment: Hold on a minute. I’ll just see if she’s here. počkať look into sth to study or try to find out sth: Police are looking into the cause of the accident. synonym: investigate vyšetrovať niečo send off (for sth) to write to sb and ask for sth to be sent to you: Let’s send off for some holiday brochures. napísať kvôli niečomu tur n up to arrive; to appear: What time did they finally turn up at the party? objaviť sa Idioms be a/the picture of health to look extremely healthy vyzer ať veľmi zdr avo going str ong to continue to be healthy, active or
successful: My grandmother is 90 and still going strong. držať sa dobr e get in touch (with sb) to communicate with sb, especially by writing to or telephoning him/her: I’m trying to get in touch with Jane. Do you have her number? synonym: contact skontaktovať sa welcome the oppor tunity to be pleased to receive or accept the chance to do sth: I’d welcome the opportunity to answer those questions. uvítať príležitosť with flying colours with great success; very well: Pauline passed the exam with flying colours. s vyznamenaním Unit 5 Nouns ambition 1 (to do/be sth / of doing sth) something that you very much want to have or do: He finally achieved his ambition of becoming a doctor. 2 a strong desire to be successful, to have power, etc:One problem of young people today is their lack of ambition. adjective: ambitious ambícia, snaha/ctižiadosť cash money in the form of coins or notes and not cheques, plastic cards, etc peniaze v hotovosti, hotovosť chance (of sth/of doing sth) a possibility: I think we stand a good chance of winning the competition. šanca char ity (pl charities) an organisation that collects money to help people who are poor, sick, etc or to do work that is useful to society: We went on a sponsored walk to raise money for charity. dobr očinná organizácia, char ita contr ol of/over sb/sth power and ability to make sb/sth do what you want: The teacher had no control over the children. riadenie, kontrola, moc, vláda commer cial an advertisement on television or radio that tries to persuade people to buy sth. rozhlasová alebo televízna r eklama fame being known or talked about by many people because of what you have achieved: Pop stars achieve fame at a young age. sláva field an area of land used for sports, games or some other activity: There were six boys on the football field. ihrisko fortune a very large amount of money: She went to Hollywood in search of fame and fortune. bohatstvo grant money that is given by the government, etc for a particular purpose: She got a grant from the government to continue her research. grant impact (on sb/sth) an effect or impression: I hope this anti­ smoking campaign will make/have an impact on young people. vplyv, účinok income the money you receive regularly as payment for your work or as interest on money you have saved, etc: It’s often difficult for a family to live on one income. príjem invasion the action of entering a place where you are not wanted and disturbing sb: Such questions are an invasion of privacy. invázia, vpád lotter y (pl lotteries) a way of making money for the government, for charity, etc by selling tickets with numbers on them and giving prizes to the people who have bought certain numbers which are chosen by chance: to do/play the lottery lotér ia millionaire a person who has a million pounds, dollars, etc; a very rich person milionár/ka privacy the state of being alone and not watched or disturbed by other people: The actress claimed that the photographs were an invasion of privacy. súkromie r eceipt a piece of paper that is given to show that you have paid for sth potvr denka, príjmový doklad r esult something that happens because of sth else; the final situation at the end of a series of actions: The traffic was very heavy and as a result I arrived late. výsledok sacrifice giving up sth that is important or valuable to you in order to get or do sth that seems more important; sth that you give up in this way: If we’re going to have a holiday this year, we’ll have to make some sacrifices. obeť, vzdať sa niečoho safe a strong metal box or cupboard with a special
lock that is used for keeping money, jewellery, documents, etc in trezor, bezpečnostná schránka shor e the land at the edge of a sea or lake pobrežie success the fact that you have achieved what you want; doing well to become famous, rich, etc: Hard work is the key to success. adjective: successful úspech sum an amount of money: The industry has spent huge sums of money modernising its equipment. suma, obnos wealth a lot of money, property, etc that sb owns; the state of being rich: They were a family of enormous wealth. adjective: wealthy bohatstvo youngster a young person: There is very little entertainment for youngsters in this town. mladý človek, mladistvý Ver bs cr awl 1 to move slowly with your body on or close to the ground, or on your hands and knees: Their baby has just started to crawl. 2 (used about vehicles) to move very slowly: The traffic crawls through the centre of town at rush hour. plaziť sa/pomaly sa pohybovať deceive to try to make sb believe sth that is not true noun: deception or deceit podvádzať, podviesť hold (pt, pp held) to organise an event; to have a meeting, an election, a concert, etc The Olympic Games are held every four years. organizovať inher it to receive property, money, etc from sb who has died: He inherited a fortune from his father. zdediť launch to start sth new or show sth for the first time: to launch a new product on the market uviesť pick to choose sb/sth from a group of people or things: The magician asked me to pick a number between 1 and 10. vybrať si push sb (to do sth/into doing sth) to try to make sb do sth that he/she does not want to do: No one pushed you to take the job, did they? nútiť do r aise to get money from people for a particular purpose: We are doing a sponsored walk to raise money for charity. získať peniaze r ecognise 1 to know again sb/sth that you have seen or heard before: I recognised him but I couldn’t remember his name. 2 to admit or be aware that sth exists or is true: We recognise the need to take the problem seriously. rozpoznať/uvedomiť si, pr ipustiť si separ ate 1 to keep people or things apart; to be between people or things with the result that they are apart: The two sides of the city are separated by the river. 2 to stop living together as a couple with your wife, husband or partner: His parents separated when he was a baby. oddeliť, rozdeliť/rozísť, odlúčiť sa squeeze 1 to press sth hard for a particular purpose: to squeeze a tube of toothpaste 2 (sb/sth) into, through, etc sth; squeeze through, in, past, etc to force sb/sth into or through a small space: There was just room in the hall for me to squeeze past. zmačknúť, stisnút/pr etlačiť, vtisnúť sa, vtlačiť sa suspect to not be sure that you can trust sb or believe sth: I rather suspect his motives for offering to help. podozrievať, nemať dôver u waste sth (on sb/sth; in doing sth) to use or spend sth in a careless way or for sth that is not necessary: He wasted his time at university because he didn’t work hard. plytvať niečím, vyhadzovať, nevyužiť, premr hať Adjectives for tunate lucky: It was fortunate that he was at home when you phoned. šťastný (majúci, prinášajúci) huge very big: a huge sum/amount/number obr ovský, ohr omný pushy (used about a person) trying hard to get what you want, in a way that seems rude: You need to be pushy to be successful in show business. túžiaci po kar iér e (nátlakovo) spare that is not being used or is not needed at the present time: I’m afraid I haven’t got any spare cash. naviac, nadbytočný talented (used about a person) having a natural skill or ability: a talented musician talentovaný, nadaný total complete; including everything: The evening was a total disaster! úplný, kompletný
Adverbs amicably in a friendly way, without argument: She chatted amicably with her ex­husband. adjective: amicable priateľsky, v dobr om cheerfully happily: to laugh/nod/whistle cheerfully adjective: cheerful radostne, veselo furthermore also; in addition to what has just been stated ešte ďalej, okrem toho however (used for adding a comment to what you have just said) although sth is true: Sales are poor this month. There may, however, be an increase before Christmas. však, avšak, bohužiaľ mor eover (used for adding another fact) also; in addition: This firm did the work very well. Moreover, the cost was not very high. dodatočne nevertheless in spite of that: It was a cold, rainy day. Nevertheless, more people came than we had expected. nič menej, napr iek tomu pr ofessionally 1 in a way that is connected with a person’s job or training: You need a complete change, both professionally and personally. 2 in a way that shows skill and experience pr ofesionálne, zručne, odbor ne swiftly quickly; without delay adjective: swift rýchlo, svižne ther efor e for that reason: The new trains have more powerful engines and are therefore faster. preto, z toho dôvodu unashamedly without feeling sorry or embarrassed about sth or about sth bad that you have done: She wept unashamedly. adjective: unashamed nehamblivo unbelievably in a way that is very surprising or difficult to believe: It’s unbelievably cold for this time of year. adjective: unbelievable neuver iteľne unwisely in a way that shows a lack of good judgement; foolishly: Perhaps unwisely, I agreed to help. nerozumne Phrasal ver bs boil over (used about a liquid) to boil and flow over the sides of a pan: Don’t let the soup boil over. vykypieť break (sth) off to remove a part of sth by force: to be removed in this way: Could you break off another bit of bread for me? ulomiť, odlomiť break sth off to end a relationship suddenly: After a bad argument, they decided to break off their engagement. zr ušiť niečo cloud over (used about the sky) to become full of clouds zatiahnuť sa fall down/over to suddenly stop standing and drop to the ground: She fell over on the ice. spadnúť, odpadnúť get over sth to feel normal again after being ill or having an unpleasant experience: He still hasn’t got over his wife’s death. zotaviť sa , uzdraviť sa, dostať sa z go off (used about food and drink) to become too old to eat or drink; to become bad skaziť go off sb/sth to stop liking or being interested in sb/sth: I went off spicy food after I was ill last year. zanevr ieť na, znechutiť si hand sb/sth over (to sb) to give sb/sth (to sb): People were tricked into handing over large sums of money. predať, vydať, podať (koho) pull over (used about a vehicle or its driver) to slow down and move to the side of the road: I pulled over to let the ambulance past. uhnúť na stranu, zájsť put sb off (sb/sth/ doing sth) to make sb unable to give his/her full attention to sth; to distract sb: Don’t stare at me – you’re putting me off! vyviesť niekoho z mier y alebo rytmu put sth off to move sth to a later time; to delay doing sth: She put off writing her essay until the last minute. odložiť (na neskôr ) r un sb/sth over to hit a person or an animal with your vehicle: The child was run over as he was crossing the road. prejsť niekoho send sb off (used in sports matches) to order a player who has broken a rule to leave the field and not to return: Beckham was sent off for a foul in the first half. vylúčiť niekoho (z hriska) send sth off to post sth: I’ll send the information off today. odoslať, poslať niečo set off to start a journey: We set off at 3 o’clock this
morning. vyr aziť, vydať sa (na cestu) set sth off to do sth which starts a reaction: When this door is opened, it sets off an alarm. uviesť niečo do činnosti, spustiť set (sth) up to start a business, organisation, system, etc: The company has set up a new branch in Wales. založiť, ustanoviť, vytvoriť sum (sth) up to describe in a few words the main ideas of what sb has said or written: To sum up, there are three options here… zhr núť (myšlienky) Idioms at random without thinking or deciding in advance what is going to happen: The competitors were chosen at random from the audience. náhodne, námatkovo look on the bright side (of sth) to think only about the good side of a bad situation and be happy and hopeful pozrieť sa na niečo z lepšej str ánky move heaven and ear th to do everything that you possibly can in order to achieve sth urobiť všetko možné a aj nemožné on the contrar y the opposite is true; certainly not: ‘You look as if you’re not enjoying yourself.’ ‘On the contrary, I’m having a great time.’ naopak, opak je pravdou Unit 6 Nouns approach (to sth) a way of dealing with sb/sth; a way of doing or thinking about sth such as a problem or a task: The school has decided to adopt a different approach to discipline. pr ístup k assessment 1 a judgement or an opinion about sth that has been thought about very carefully: I made a careful assessment of the risks involved. 2 an amount or value of sth that has been calculated posudok, ohodnotenie/odhad, výmer a assessor 1 an expert in a particular subject who is asked by a court of law or other official group to give advice 2 a person who calculates the value or cost of sth or the amount of money to be paid: an insurance/ tax assessor poradca/odhadca categor y (pl categories) a group of people or things that are similar to each other: These books are divided into categories according to subject. kategória, skupina, tr ieda caution great care, because of possible danger: Any advertisement that asks you to send money should be treated with caution. opatrnosť, obozr etnosť claustrophobia fear of being in a small or enclosed space klaustrofóbia collector a person who collects things as a hobby or as part of his/her job: a ticket/tax collector zberateľ debt the state of owing money: After he left his job, he got into debt. dlh emergency services the public organisations that deal with emergencies; the police, fire, ambulance and coastguard services pohotovostné služby envir onmentalist a person who wants to protect the natural world in which people, animals and plants live ochr anca prír ody exper t a person who has a lot of special knowledge or skill: She’s a leading expert in the field of genetics. odbor ník, exper t for m 1 the state of being fit and strong for a sports player, team, etc: The new striker is on top form again after his injury last year. 2 how well sb/sth is performing at a particular time, for example in sport or business telesná kondícia, telesný stav/for ma, kondícia, nálada generosity the quality of being happy to give more money, help, etc than is usual or expected adjective: generous veľkor ysosť, šľachetnosť industr ialist a person who owns or runs a large factory or company priemyselník likehood the chance or possibility of sth happening; how probable it is that sth will happen: There seems very little likelihood of success. pravdepodobnosť link a connection or relationship between two or more people or things: There is a strong link between smoking and heart disease. spoj, spojenie, súvislosť manager a person who controls an organisation or part of an organisation manažér
official a person who has a position of authority vedúci pr acovník or igin (often used in the plural) the point from which sth starts; the cause of sth: This particular tradition has its origins in Wales. pôvod playwright a person who writes plays for the theatre, radio or television dramatik, autor divadelných hier poverty the state of not having any money: There are millions of people in this country who are living in poverty. adjective: poor chudoba pr ofessor a university teacher of the highest level profesor (univerzitný) respectability the fact of being considered socially acceptable: middle­class notions of respectability adjective: respectable váženosť risk a possibility of sth dangerous or unpleasant happening; a situation that could be dangerous or have a bad result: Don’t take any risks when you’re driving. You could drive a car without insurance but it’s not worth the risk. r iziko scale a series of numbers, amounts, etc that are used for measuring or fixing the level of sth: The earthquake measured 6.5 on the Richter scale. stupnica, škála security the state of feeling safe and being free from worry; protection against the difficulties of life: Children need the security of a stable home environment. adjective: secure bezpečnosť, bezpečie, istota speed the rate at which sb/sth moves or travels: The bus was travelling at top speed when it hit the bridge. rýchlosť statistician a person who studies or works with numbers that have been collected in order to provide information about sth štatistik tr ouble (a situation that causes) a problem, difficulty or worry: Marie’s very clever. The trouble is, she’s very lazy. problém, ťažkosť Verbs assess 1 to judge or form an opinion about sb/sth: It’s too early to assess the risks involved. 2 to guess or decide the amount or value of sth: to assess the cost of the repairs noun: assessment zvážiť, analyzovať/ur čiť calculate 1 to find sth out by using mathematics; to work sth out: It’s difficult to calculate how long the project will take. 2 to consider or expect sth: We calculated that the advantages would be greater than the disadvantages. noun: calculation vypočítať, odhadnúť/odhadnúť, pr edpovedať categor ise sb/sth (as sth) to put people or things into groups according to what type they are: His latest work cannot be categorised as either a novel or an autobiography. kategorizovať, zaradiť, triediť evaluate to study the facts and then form an opinion about sth: We evaluated the situation very carefully before we made our decision. noun: evaluation hodnotiť measur e 1 to find the size, weight, quantity, etc of sb/sth in standard units by using an instrument 2 to judge the value or effect of sth: Our sales do not look good when measured against those of our competitors. noun: measurement mer ať/posúdiť Adjectives desper ate out of control and ready to do anything to change the situation you are in because it is so terrible: She became desperate when her money ran out. noun: desperation zúfalý dramatic exciting or impressive noun: drama dramatický, vzr ušujúci fascinating extremely interesting and attractive: a fascinating story/subject noun: fascination fascinujúci, úchvatný honest not hiding the truth about sth: To be honest (= what I really think is), I thought the book was boring. čestný, úprimný pioneer ing introducing ideas and methods that have never been used before: the pioneering days of radio priekopnícky popular liked by many people or by most people in a group: a popular holiday resort noun: popularity populár ny, obľúbený r isky (riskier; riskiest/ more risky; most risky) involving the possibility of sth bad happening; dangerous: Life as a deep sea diver can be a risky business (= very
dangerous). r iskantný, hazardný, r izikový Adverbs actually really; in fact: You don’t actually believe her, do you? v skutočnosti approximately about; more or less: It’s approximately fifty miles from here. približne differently not in the same way: I think you’ll feel differently about it tomorrow. inak, odlišne entir ely completely: I entirely agree with you. úplne, celkovo seriously used at the beginning of a sentence to show that you are not joking or that you really mean what you say: Seriously, I do appreciate all your help. vážne, skutočne simply used to emphasise how easy or basic sth is: Simply add hot water and stir. jednoducho, pr osto virtually almost; nearly: The building is virtually finished. takmer, fakticky, pr akticky, skoro Phr asal verbs br eak out (of sth) to escape from a prison, etc utiecť br ing sb up to look after a child until he/she is adult and to teach him/her how to behave: a well/ badly brought up child vychovať come on used in orders to tell sb to hurry up or to try harder: Come on! We don’t have much time. ponáhľaj sa dr op out (of sth) to leave or stop doing sth before you have finished: He dropped out of university after just two months. byť vyhodený, zanechať, vypadnúť find sb out to discover that sb has done sth wrong: He had used a false name for years before they found him out. odhaliť, pr ekuknúť go back (to sth) to return to a place vr átiť sa leave sb/sth out (of sth) to not include sb/sth: He hadn’t been asked to the party and was feeling very left out. vynechať, vylúčiť make sth out to understand sth; to see the reasons for sth: I can’t make out what she wants. pochopiť, chápať put sb thr ough to make a telephone connection that allows sb to speak to sb: Could you put me through to Mick, please? spojiť, pr epojiť (telefonicky) stand out to be easily seen or noticed: She’s the sort of person who stands out in a crowd. vyčnievať wor k sth out to find the answer to sth; to solve sth: I can’t work out how to do this. vyriešiť, nájsť odpoveď Idioms in a way to a certain degree but not completely: In a way, I hope he loses tomorrow. nejako, určitým spôsobom poor thing used when you are showing that you feel sorry for sb: You poor thing! That’s awful news. úbožiak, nešťstník Unit 7 Nouns autumn (US fall) the season of the year that comes between summer and winter jeseň biscuit (US cookie) a type of small cake that is thin, hard and usually sweet sušienka body language showing how you feel by the way you move, stand, sit, etc, rather than by what you say: I could tell by his body language that he was scared. reč tela bonnet (US hood) the front part of a car that covers the engine kapota, kr yt motor u boot (US tr unk) the part of a car where you put luggage, usually at the back batožinový pr iestor, chemist’s (US drugstore) a shop that sells medicines, soap, camera film, etc drogéria chest of drawer s (US bureau) a piece of furniture with drawers in it that is used for storing clothes, etc skrinka so zásuvkami chip (US Fr ench fry) a thin piece of potato that is fried in hot fat or oil hranolka clip art drawings, pictures and symbols that a computer user can add to his/her document klipart Cockney 1 a person from the East End of London 2 the way of speaking English that is typical of this area ľudová londýnska angličtina, r odený Londýnčan
dr ess r ehear sal the final practice of a play in a theatre, before the real performance generálna skúška effect (on sb/sth) a change that is caused by sth; a result: the effects of acid rain on the lakes and forests verb: affect účinok electronic mail (also email) an electronic message or messages that is/are sent from one computer to another: Did you get my email? elektr onická pošta er ror (formal) a mistake: The telephone bill was wrong due to a computer error. chyba expr ession the look on a person’s face that shows what he/she is thinking or feeling: He had a puzzled expression on his face. výr az fashion 1 the style of dressing or behaving that is the most popular at a particular time: What is the latest fashion in hairstyles? adjective: fashionable 2 the way you act or the way you do sth: John’s been behaving in a very strange fashion lately. móda/spôsob film (US also movie) a story, play, etc shown in moving pictures at the cinema or on TV film fir st floor (US second floor) the level of a building above the one on street level: a first­floor flat prvé poschodie full stop (US period) a punctuation mark (.) that is used in writing to show the end of a sentence bodka (za vetou) gar den (US yard) a piece of land next to a house where flowers and vegetables can be grown záhr ada handbag (US pur se) a small bag in which women carry money, keys, etc kabelka impression an idea, a feeling or an opinion that you get about sb/sth: What’s your first impression of the new director? Do you think I made a good impression on your parents? verb: impress dojem keyboard the set of keys for operating a computer, etc klávesnica means (pl means) (of doing sth) a method of doing sth: Is there any means of contacting your husband? spôsob, pr ostriedok mistake something that you think or do that is wrong: Try not to make any mistakes in your work. chyba mobile phone a telephone that you can carry around with you mobilný telefón monitor a machine, or part of a machine such as a computer, that shows information or pictures on a screen like a television monitor motor way (US freeway) a wide road connecting cities that is specially built for fast traffic diaľnica mouse (pl mice or mouses) a small piece of equipment, connected to a computer, that you use for moving around the screen and entering commands without touching the keys myš (počítačová) the Net (also the Internet) the international system of computers that makes it possible for you to see information from all around the world on your computer and to send information to other computers sieť, Internet note (also banknote) (US bill) a piece of paper money: I’d like the money in £10 notes, please. bankovka panel 1 a square or rectangular piece of wood, metal or glass that forms part of a door or wall 2 a group of specialists who give their advice or opinions about sth: a panel of interviewers/judges panel, doska, výplň/skupina odbor níkov. pavement (US sidewalk) a hard flat area at the side of the road for people to walk on chodník petrol (US gas) the liquid that is used as fuel for vehicles such as cars and motorbikes benzín point 1 (of/in sth/doing sth) the meaning, reason or purpose of sth: She’s said no, so what’s the point of telephoning her again? 2 a particular position, place or moment: He waved to the crowd and it was at that point that the shot was fired. zmysel, dôvod, účel/bod, miesto, chvíľa post (US mail) letters, packages, etc that are collected or brought to your house: Is there any post for me? pošta printer a machine that prints out information from a computer onto paper tlačiar eň r esearch a detailed and careful study of sth to find out more information about it:
to do research into sth výskum rhyming slang a way of talking in which you use words or phrases that have the same sound as the word you mean, instead of using that word. For example, in Cockney rhyming slang ‘apples and pears’ means ‘stairs’. nahrádzanie inými slovami s podobným fonetickým popisom rubber (US eraser) a small piece of rubber that you use for removing pencil marks from paper, etc guma rubbish (US garbage/tr ash) things that you do not want any more; waste material smeti, odpad sweet (US candy) a small piece of boiled sugar, chocolate, etc often sold in a packet: a sweet shop bonbón, sladkosť table manners behaviour that is considered correct while you are having a meal at a table with other people spoločenské chovanie pr i stole tin (US can) a closed metal container in which food, paint, etc is stored and sold; the contents of one of these containers: a tin of beans konzer va, plechovka toilet (US r est r oom) the room containing a large bowl with a seat, connected to a water pipe, that you use when you need to get rid of waste material from your body toaleta, WC tone 1 the quality of a sound or of sb’s voice, especially expressing a particular emotion: ‘Do you know each other?’ she asked in a casual tone of voice. 2 a sound that you hear on the telephone: the dialling tone hlasový tón, zafarbenie reči/oznamovací tón (v telefóne) website a place where a company, etc has information about itself on the World Wide Web webová str ánka, webový pr iestor Verbs affect to make sb/sth change in a particular way; to influence sb/sth: Her personal problems were affecting her work. noun: effect ovplyvniť, mať vplyv appear to perform or speak where you are seen by a lot of people: to appear on TV/in a play noun: appearance objaviť sa na TV approach to come near or nearer to sb/sth: If you see this man, do not approach him. pr istúpiť, priblížiť behave to act in a particular way: Don’t you think that he’s been behaving strangely recently? chovať sa, správať sa contact to telephone or write to sb: Is there a phone number where I can contact you? skontaktovať, spojiť sa count (for sth) to be important or valuable: I sometimes think my opinion counts for nothing at work. znamenať (niečo) discuss to talk or write about sth seriously or formally diskutovať download to copy a computer file, etc from a large computer system to a smaller one stiahnuť (z Internetu) notice to see and become conscious of sth: I noticed (that) he was carrying a black briefcase. všimnúť si possess to have or own sth: They lost everything they possessed in the fire. vlastniť predict to stay that sth will happen in the future: He predicted that they would lose the match. predpovedať prepar e (sb/sth) (for sth) to get ready or make sb/sth ready: Bo helped me prepare for the exam. noun: preparation pr ipraviť r each to communicate with sb, especially by phone; contact: You can reach me at this number. dovolať sa, zastihnúť r ehear se to practise a play, dance, piece of music, etc before you perform it to other people noun: rehearsal nacvičovať ser ve to spend a period of time in prison as punishment: He is currently serving a life sentence for murder. odpykať specialise (in sth) to give most of your attention to one subject, product, etc: He specialised in child psychology. špecializovať sa sur f to use the Internet: I was surfing the Net looking for information on Indian music. sur fovať (po Internete), prehľadávať update to put the latest information on sth: Our database is updated
regularly. doplniť o najnovšie informácie worship to pray and show respect for God or a god vzývať, uctievať Boha Adjectives advantageous that will help you or bring you a good result výhodný adventurous (used about a person) liking to try new things or have unusual, exciting or dangerous experiences dobr odružný cautious taking great care to avoid possible danger or problems opatr ný close near: Is the hotel close to the beach? blízky, neďaleký common happening or found in many places; usual opposite: rare bežný, obvyklý computer­liter ate (used about a person) able to use a computer schopný pracovať sa počítačom cour ageous showing courage; brave odvážny digital using an electronic system that uses the numbers 1 and 0 to record sound or store information, and that gives high­quality results digitálny familiar well­known to you; often seen or heard and therefore easy to recognise: to look/sound familiar opposite: strange dôverne známy, povedomý hard difficult to do or understand; not easy: Leaving her home and her friends was hard. ťažký, nár očný nervous worried or afraid: I always get nervous about flying. ner vózny, ustaraný peaceable not involving or causing argument or violence mierumilovný, kľudný, mier ový r elieved pleased because your fear or worry has been taken away: I was very relieved to hear that you weren’t seriously hurt. noun: relief uvoľnený, ukľudnený r idiculous very silly or unreasonable smiešny, na výsmech.absur dný sensible (used about people and their behaviour) able to make good judgements based on reason and experience; practical rozumný strange unusual or surprising, especially in a way that is difficult to understand opposite: familiar neobvyklý, divný Adver bs alike in the same way: We try to treat men and women alike. takisto, rovnako har dly almost no; almost not; almost none: There’s hardly any coffee left. We hardly ever go out nowadays. takmer online controlled by or connected to a computer or to the Internet: I’m studying Polish online. online, pr ipojený na sieť Phr asal ver bs come to sth to reach a particular situation, particularly a bad one: When it comes to exams, no one is better prepared than she is. prísť na, dojsť k niečomu go on doing sth to continue an activity without stopping pokračovať v robení niečoho log on perform the actions that allow you to begin using a computer system: You need a password to log on. opposite: log off prihlásiť sa, nalogovať sa tur n up to arrive; to appear, especially unexpectedly objaviť sa Idioms in/out of touch (with sb) being/not being in contact with sb by speaking or writing to him/her: During the year, they stayed in touch by phone. udr žovať/neudr žovať kontakt s niekým take part (in sth) to join with other people in an activity: Everyone took part in the discussion. zúčatniť sa take the trouble to do sth to do sth even though it means extra work or effort: She didn’t even take the trouble to find out how to spell my name. unúvať sa, dať si námahu Unit 8 Nouns bench a long wooden or metal seat for two or more people, often outdoors: a park bench lavička bough one of the main branches of a tree vetva car e something that makes you feel worried or unhappy: Since he retired, he doesn’t have a care in the world. star osť chunk a large or thick piece of sth: chunks of bread and cheese kus
commuter a person who travels a long distance from home to work every day: The train was full of tired commuters on their way home. dochádzajúci, cezpoľný contribution something that you give, especially money or help, or do together with other people: If we all make a small contribution, we’ll be able to buy Ray a good present. verb: contribute príspevok cr ust a hard layer on the outside of sth: the earth’s crust kôr a, kôr ka disaster an unexpected event such as a flood or a fire that kills a lot or people or causes a lot of damage: earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters (= caused by nature) prírodná katastrofa, pohr oma encounter (with sb/sth) an unexpected (often unpleasant) meeting or event:I’ve had a number of close encounters (= situations which could have been dangerous) with bad drivers. str etnutie (napr. so žr alokom) favour something that helps sb: Would you do me a favour and post this letter for me? láskavosť glance a quick look at sb/sth: to take/have a quick glance at the newspaper headlines verb: glance letmý pohľad nobody (pl nobodies) a person who is not important or famous bezvýznamný človek, nula perk something extra that you get from your employer in addition to money: Travelling abroad is one of the perks of the job. výhoda zamestnanca poem a piece of writing arranged in short lines. Poems try to express thoughts and feelings with the help of sound and rhythm. báseň poet a person who writes poems básnik poetr y a collection of poems; poems in general poézia poster a large printed picture or a notice in a public place, often used to advertise sth plagát, výstavná tabuľa punch a hard hit with your closed hand (fist) úder, rana r outine 1 the usual order and way in which you regularly do things: Make exercise part of your daily routine. 2 tasks that have to be done again and again and so are boring návyk, režim/rutinná záležitosť r ubbish something that you think is bad, silly or wrong: I thought that film was a load of rubbish. (See also Unit 7) hlúposť, nezmysel scent 1 a pleasant smell: the scent of roses 2 a liquid with a pleasant smell that you wear on your skin to make it smell nice; perfume vôňa, parfém squatter a person who is living in an empty building without the owner’s permission neoprávnený usadlík sticker a piece of paper with writing or a picture on it that you can stick onto a surface nálepka str uggle a fight in which sb tries to do or get sth when this is difficult: All countries should join together in the struggle against terrorism. boj, zápas volunteer a person who offers or agrees to do sth without being forced or paid to do it: Are there any volunteers to do the washing up? dobrovoľník Verbs appr eciate to enjoy sth or understand the value of sth: I don’t really appreciate good coffee – it all tastes the same to me. vážiť si benefit (from sth) to receive an advantage from sth: Small businesses have benefited from the changes in the law. ťažiť, mať výhodu z bite (pt bit; pp bitten) to cut or attack sb/sth with your teeth noun: bite uhr yznúť bleat to make the sound of a sheep mékať cling (pt, pp clung) to hold on tightly to sb/sth: She clung to the rope with all her strength. pr idŕžať sa, ľpieť consider sb/sth (as/to be sth) to think about sb/sth in a particular way: Jane considers herself an expert on the subject. zvažovať, považovať delight to give sb great pleasure: She delighted the audience by singing all her old songs. potešiť enable to make it possible for sb/sth to do sth: The new law has enabled more mothers to return to work. umožniť
enrich to improve the quality, flavour, etc of sth obohatiť, zlepšiť entitle sb (to sth) to give sb the right to have or do sth: You’re entitled to 20 days’ holiday per year. mať nár ok na exist to be real; to be found in the real world; to live: Fish cannot exist out of water. noun: existence žiť, existovať fulfil to make sth that you wish for happen; to achieve a goal: He finally fulfilled his childhood dream of becoming a doctor. naplniť gaze to look steadily at sb/sth for a long time: She gazed into his eyes. upr ene pozer ať, zízať glide to move smoothly without noise or effort: The dancers glided across the floor. kĺzať sa gr ant to (officially) give sb what he/she has asked for: The genie granted her three wishes. podarovať gr aze (used about cows, sheep, etc) to eat grass (that is growing in a field): There were cows grazing by the river. pásť sa memorise to learn sth so that you can remember it exactly: Actors have to memorise their lines. memor ovať, učiť sa naspamäť realise to know and understand that sth is true or that sth has happened: I’m sorry I mentioned it. I didn’t realise how much it upset you. uvedomiť si, predstaviť si sip to drink, taking only a very small amount of liquid into your mouth at a time: We sat in the sun, sipping lemonade. sr kať, upíjať si sneeze to make air come out of your nose suddenly and noisily in a way that you cannot control, for example because you have a cold kýchať sniff 1 to breathe air in through the nose in a way that makes a sound, especially because you have a cold or you are crying 2 to smell sth by sniffing: The dog sniffed at the bone. šnupať/čuchať star e (at sb/sth) to look at sb or sth for a long time because you are surprised, shocked, etc: Everybody stared at his hat. civieť Adjectives daily done, made or happening every day: a daily routine/ delivery každodenný fabulous very good; excellent: It was a fabulous concert. skvostný, skvelý incomprehensible impossible to understand: an incomprehensible explanation nezr ozumiteľný likely probable or expected: Do you think it’s likely to rain? opposite: unlikely pr avdepodobne precious of great value (usually because it is rare or difficult to find): diamonds and other precious stones dr ahocenný productive useful (because results come from it): a productive discussion pr oduktívny safe free from danger; not able to be hurt: She didn’t feel safe in the house on her own. noun: safety bezpečný sensational causing, or trying to cause, a feeling of great excitement, surprise or interest among people: This magazine specialises in sensational stories about the rich and famous. noun: senzačný, vzrušujúci, napínavý Unit 9 Nouns appeal a serious request for sth you need or want very much: The police have made an urgent appeal for witnesses to come forward. výzva attempt (at doing sth) an act of trying to do sth: My first attempt at passing my driving test ended in disaster. pokus blessing a thing that you are grateful for or that brings happiness: It’s a great blessing that we have two healthy children. požehnanie, dar bush a plant like a small, thick tree with many low branches ker challenge something new and difficult that forces you to make a lot of effort: I’m finding my new job an exciting challenge. výzva cour se (in/on sth) a complete series of lessons or studies: I’m going to take/do a course in self­defence. kur z expedition an organised journey with a special purpose: a scientific expedition to Antarctica výprava, expedícia
fortune a very large amount of money: He made a fortune on the stock market. bohatstvo, majetok fuss a time when people behave in an excited, nervous or an angry way, especially about sth unimportant: The waiter didn’t make a fuss when I spilt my drink. opletať sa, ošívať sa hand a person who does physical work on a farm, a factory, etc: He worked as a ranch hand in Australia. pomocná sila hitchhiker a person who travels by waiting at the side of a road until a driver stops and takes him/her to the place he/she wants to go: Picking up hitchhikers can be dangerous. verb: hitchhike stopár indifference a lack of interest or feeling towards sb/sth nezáujem lane a narrow road in the country: We found a route through country lanes to avoid the traffic. cestička longing a strong feeling of wanting sth/sb: a longing for home/peace túžiť po opposition the feeling of disagreeing with sth and the action of trying to change it: He expressed some opposition to the plan. nesúhlas, odpor the outback the part of a country (especially Australia) which is a long way from the coast and towns, where few people live buš, pustatina path a way across a piece of land that is made by or used by people walking: a garden path chodníček, trasa slope an area of land that is part of a mountain or hill: The best ski slopes are in the Alps. svah station a large farm of sheep or cows (cattle) in Australia or New Zealand r anč, farma stream a small river potok, riečka tr ack a natural path or rough road: Follow the dirt track through the wood. trasa, vysokohor ská cesta unease a worried or uncomfortable feeling neistota, nepokoj vigour strength or energy: After the break we started work again with renewed vigour. duševná a telesná sila waste (of sth) using sth in a careless or unnecessary way: The seminar was a waste of time – I’d heard it all before. plytvanie, str ata wood an area of land that is covered with trees. A wood is smaller than a forest. lesík Verbs admit (pt, pp; admitted) to agree that sth unpleasant is true or that you have done sth wrong: He refused to admit to the theft. uznať bang to hit sth against sth: The chairman banged on the table to get everybody’s attention. buchnúť, udrieť cool sb/sth (down/off) to lower the temperature of sth; to become colder: Let the soup cool (down). ochladiť, schladiť face to have to deal with sth unpleasant: I can’t face another argument. čeliť invest (sth) (in sth) to put money into a bank, business, property, etc in the hope that you will make a profit: I’ve invested all my money in the company. investovať mistake (pt mistook; pp mistaken) mistake A for B to think wrongly that sb/sth is sb/sth else: I’m sorry. I mistook you for a friend of mine. spliesť si move to cause sb to have strong feelings, especially of sadness: We were deeply moved by her story. pohnúť (citovo) propel (pt, pp; propelled) to move, drive or push sb/sth forward or in a particular direction hnať dopr edu, poháňať r egret (pls, pp; regretted) to feel sorry that you did sth or that you did not do sth: Do you regret not taking the job? ľutovať r ely on sb/sth (to do sth) to need sb/sth and not be able to live or work properly without him/her/it: The old lady relied on me to do her shopping for her. spoliehať sa na saddle to put a leather seat on a horse so that you can ride it osedlať spot (pt, pp spotted) to see or notice sb/sth, especially suddenly or when it is not easy to do: I’ve spotted a couple of spelling mistakes. zahliadnuť step (pt, pp stepped) to lift one foot and put it down in a different place when you are walking: He
accidentally stepped on my foot. šliapnuť sweep (pt, pp swept) to move or push sb/sth with a lot of force in the direction mentioned: The huge waves swept the small dinghy out to sea. zmiesť, odviať, odohnať Adjectives abor iginal relating to the original people living in Australia: aboriginal wall paintings domorodý, pôvodný bent (used about a person) not able to stand up straight, usually because of old age or disease: a small bent old woman ohnutý calm 1 not excited, worried or angry: Try to keep calm – there’s no need to panic. 2 (used about the sea) without big waves opposite: rough kľudný/tichý (more) cheerful feeling happy; showing that you are happy: Caroline is always smiling and cheerful. veselý confident feeling or showing that you are sure about your own abilities, opinions, etc: Kate is confident that she will pass the exam. sebavedomý curr ent of the present time; happening now: current fashions/ events súčasný, ter ajší eager (to do sth); (for sth) full of desire or interest; keen: We’re all eager to start work on the new project. túžiaci, dychtivý excited (about/at/by sth) feeling or showing happiness and enthusiasm; not calm: Are you ` going on holiday? vzrušený, nadšený positive thinking or talking mainly about the good things in a situation, in a way that makes you or sb else feel hopeful and confident: Their reaction to my idea was very positive. pozitívny, kladný r eluctant not wanting to do sth because you are not sure it is the right thing to do noun: reluctance neochotný, zdr áhavý r estless unable to relax or be still because you are bored, nervous or impatient: The children always get restless on long journeys. nepokojný, nekľudný, netr pezlivý searching (used about a look, a question, etc) trying to find out the truth about sth pátr ajúci, zvedavý self­conscious too worried about what other people think about you majúci, nepr íjemný pocit v spoločnosti, zar azený shy nervous and uncomfortable about meeting and speaking to people: She’s very shy with strangers. hanblivý solitary (used about a person) enjoying being alone; frequently spending time alone: She was always a solitary child. samotársky stuck not able to move: I’m sorry I’m late. I got stuck in the rush hour traffic. zablokovaný, bezr adný sur pr ised (at/by sb/sth) feeling or showing surprise: I’m surprised at John leaving like that. prekvapený talkative liking to talk a lot hovor ový, urozprávaný tough difficult; having or causing problems: It will be a tough decision to make. náročný, ťažký, tvrdý used to sth/to doing sth familiar with sth; accustomed to sth: I’ll never get used to getting up so early. zvyknutý na weak (used about the body) having little strength or energy; not strong: The child was weak with hunger. slabý Adver bs apparently according to what people say or to how sth appears, but perhaps not true: Apparently, he’s already been married twice. očividný, jednoznačný deeply very; very much: They were deeply disturbed by the accident. hlboko gloriously wonderfully; delightfully: It was a gloriously hot day. božsky, nádherne politely in a way that shows good manners and respect for others opposite: rudely zdvor ilo wide as far or as much as possible; completely: The front door was wide open. široko, došir oka, dokor án Phrasal ver bs break down (used about a vehicle or a machine) to stop working: My car broke down on the way to work this morning. pokaziť sa, prestať fungovať car ry on (with sth/doing sth) to continue: She intends to carry on studying after the
course has finished. pokr ačovať face up to sth to accept a difficult or unpleasant situation and do sth about it: She had to face up to the fact that she was wrong. čeliť niečomu get away (from sth) to succeed in leaving or escaping from sb or a place: The thieves got away in a stolen car. utiecť, odísť get by (on/in/with sth) to manage to live or do sth with difficulty: It’s very hard to get by on such a low income. vyjsť, vystačiť get off (sth) to climb down from a bicycle, horse, etc zosadnúť look back to turn and look behind: We looked back to say goodbye. ohliadnuť sa make out to be able to see or hear sb/sth, with difficulty: I could just make out her signature. r ozpoznať round sb/sth up to bring sb/sth together in one place: The teacher rounded up the children. dať dokopy/dohr omady settle down to start having a quieter way of life, especially by staying in the same place or getting married: She had a number of jobs abroad before she eventually settled down. usadiť sa turn sth off to stop the flow of electricity, water, etc by moving a switch, tap, etc: He turned the TV off. vypnúť Idioms at (long) last after much delay, effort, etc; in the end: After months of separation they were together at last. konečne in the end after a long period of time or series of events: He wanted to get home early but in the end it was midnight before he left. nakoniec make up your mind to decide: I can’t make up my mind which sweater to buy. rozhodnúť Unit 10 Nouns appointment (with sb) an arrangement to see sb at a particular time: I have an appointment with Dr Sula at 3 o’clock. stretnutie, schôdzka attitude (to/towards sb/sth) the way you think, feel or behave: People’s attitude to marriage is changing. postoj, názor commitment 1 (to sth/to doing sth) being prepared to give a lot of your time and attention to sth because you believe it is right or important: I admire Barry’s commitment to protecting the environment 2 a promise or agreement to do sth; a responsibility: Helen now works fewer hours because of family commitments. vernosť, oddanosť/záväzok cur riculum vitae (abbreviation CV) a formal list of your education and work experience, often used when you are trying to get a new job životopis defor estation cutting down trees over a large area odlesňovanie drought a long period of time without rain: two years of severe drought sucho ear thquake a sudden, violent movement of the earth’s surface zemetrasenie fleet a group of ships or boats that sail together: a fishing fleet flotila flood a large amount of water that has spread from a river, the sea, etc that covers an area which should be dry záplava, potopa global warming the increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, caused by the increase of certain gases globálne otepľovanie hurr icane a violent storm with very strong winds: hurricane­force winds hur ikán hustle busy noisy activity of a lot of people in one place: We escaped from the hustle and bustle of the city for the weekend. ruch location a place outside the building where films, etc are made (a studio), where scenes of the film are made: The film was shot entirely on location in Italy. verb: locate exter iér (miesto točenia filmu) peer a person who is the same age or who has the same social position as you: Peer pressure is strong among young people (= they want to be like other people of the same age). človek, tebe r ovnaký vekom alebo postavením
plant a very large factory: a nuclear processing plant výr obný závod, agr egát pollution the action of making the air, water, etc dirty and dangerous: Major steps are being taken to control the pollution of beaches. znečistenie pr oductivity the rate at which a worker, a company or a country produces goods, and the amount produced, compared with how much time, work and money is needed to produce them: high/increased productivity produktivita refer ee a person who gives information about your character and ability, usually in a letter, for example when you are hoping to be chosen for a job: Her teacher agreed to act as her referee. refer ent report (on/of sth) a written or spoken description of what you have seen, heard, done, studied, etc: a report on the company’s finances spr áva stereotype a fixed idea about a particular type of person or thing, which is often not true in reality verb: stereotype: In advertisements, women are often stereotyped as housewives. fixná obecná predstava tidal wave a large wave in the sea which destroys things when it reaches the land, and is often caused by movements under the earth’s surface (an earthquake) veľká vlna (dôsledok zemetrasenia) utopia a place or a state that exists only in the imagination, where everything is perfect utópia volcano (pl volcanoes; volcanos) a mountain with a hole in the top, through which steam, hot melted rock (lava), fire, etc sometimes comes out: When did the volcano last erupt? sopka wealth of sth a large number or amount of sth: a wealth of information/experience/tale nt (see also Unit 8) veľké množstvo wildlife birds, plants, animals, etc that are wild and live in their natural environment život v divočine Verbs acquire to obtain or buy sth, usually for yourself: The company has acquired shares in a rival business. získať, kúpiť agr ee (to do sth) to say yes to sth: Joseph has agreed to lend me his car for the weekend. súhlasiť apply (to sb) (for sth) to ask for sth in writing: I’ve applied to that company for a job. noun: application žiadať confess (that…) to admit, especially formally or to the police, that you have done sth wrong or illegal: He confessed that he had stolen the money. priznať, doznať doze to sleep lightly and/or for a short time: He was dozing in front of the television. zdriemnuť si enclose to put sth in an envelope, package, etc with sth else: I enclose my CV and the names and addresses of three referees. priložiť impr ess sb (with sb/sth) to make sb feel admiration and respect: She’s always trying to impress people with her designer clothes. urobiť dojem market to sell sth with the help of advertising: It is marketed as a low­alcohol wine. predávať (pomocou reklamy) order sb (to do sth) to use your position of authority to tell sb to do sth or to say that sth must happen: The company was ordered to pay compensation to its former employees. prikázať, rozkázať organise 1 to plan or arrange an event, activity, etc: The school organises trips to various places of interest. 2 to put or arrange things into a system or logical order: You need to organise your work more carefully. adjective: organisational or ganizovať/uspor iadať promote to advertise sth in order to increase its sales or make it popular: The new face cream is being promoted as a miracle cure for wrinkles. propagovať, robiť reklamu Adjectives amazed (at/by sb/sth) very surprised; astonished: I was amazed by the change in his attitude. udivený, prekvapený amazing very surprising and difficult to believe: I’ve got an amazing story to tell you. verb: amaze neuveriteľný ambitious (to do/be sth) having a strong desire to be
successful, to have power, etc: I’m not particularly ambitious – I’m content with my life the way it is. noun: ambition ctižiadostivý, ambiciózny appalled (at sth) feeling or showing horror or disgust at sth unpleasant or wrong: They were appalled at the waste of recyclable material. zdesený appalling shocking; extremely bad: The prisoners were living in appalling conditions. verb: appal desivý astonishing very surprising; difficult to believe: I find it absolutely astonishing that you didn’t like the film. udivujúci, pr ekvapujúci cool used to show that you admire or approve of sth because it is fashionable, attractive and often different: It’s a cool movie. výborný, skvelý (to, čo je moderné momentálne) desir able wanted, often by many people; worth having: Experience is desirable but not essential for this job. žiadúci distur bing making you worried or upset: I found the documentary very disturbing. znepokojujúci dr eadful very bad or unpleasant: We had a dreadful journey – traffic jams all the way! verb: dread hr ozný, otr asný endangered (used about animals, plants, etc) in danger of disappearing from the world (becoming extinct): The giant panda is an endangered species. ohr ozený essential completely necessary; that you must have or do: Maths is essential for a career in computers. základný, podstatný far­sighted being able to see what will be necessary in the future and making plans for it pr ezier avý fascinated (by sb/sth) very interested: I’ve always been fascinated by his ideas. fascinovaný, uchvátený flexible able to change to suit new conditions or situations: flexible working hours noun: flexibility pr ispôsobivý idyllic very pleasant and peaceful: an idyllic location idylický optimistic (about sth/that…) feeling or believing that the future will be good or successful: I’ve applied for the job but I’m not very optimistic about getting it. noun: optimism optimistický Adver bs tr iumphantly in a way that shows great happiness because you won or succeeded at sth triumfálne Phrasal ver bs get on to progress or become successful in life, in your career, etc: Parents are always anxious for their children to get on. pr ospievať, dariť sa hand (sth) over (to sb) to give sb else your position of power or the responsibility for sth: She resigned as chairperson and handed over to one of her younger colleagues. predať pozíciu keep sb on to continue to employ sb: They only kept him on because he’d been with the company for so long. podržať zamestnanie launch into sth to begin sth in an enthusiastic way, especially sth that will take a long time: He launched into a lengthy account of his career. dať sa do niečoho look forwar d to sth/doing sth to wait with pleasure for sth to happen: I look forward to hearing from you. tešiť sa na look into sth to examine sth; to investigate: The police are looking into the matter. vyšetr ovať play on sth to use and take advantage of sb’s fears or weaknesses: This advertising campaign plays on people’s fears of illness. zahrávať sa put out (to…/fr om…) (used about a boat or its sailors) to leave a port: to put out to sea vydať sa (na more) r un out (of sth) to finish your supply of sth; to come to an end: We’ve run out of coffee. dojsť (zásoby) send sth in to send sth to a place where it will be officially dealt with: I sent my application in weeks ago but I still haven’t had a reply. poslať na (oficiálne miesto) slow down to go at a slower speed or be less active: You must slow down a little (= work less hard) or you’ll make yourself ill. spomaliť, pr ibrzdiť
take sb on to start to employ sb: The firm is taking on new staff. zamestnať take sth on to accept a responsibility or decide to do sth: He’s taken on a lot of extra work. vziať na seba take (sth) over to get control of sth or responsibility for sth: Who’s going to take over as assistant when Tim leaves? prevziať (velenie) take sth up 1 to learn or start to do sth, especially for pleasure: I’ve recently taken up yoga. 2 to start or begin sth such as a job: He takes up his new role next week obľúbiť si/začať (niečo nové) turn sb/sth down to refuse an offer, etc or the person who makes it: Why did you turn that job down? odmietnuť koho/čo Pr efixes bi­ (in nouns and adjectives) two; twice; double: bilingual/ bicentenary bi­, oboj­, dvoj­ co­ (in adjectives, adverbs, nouns and verbs) together with: co­ produced/cooperatively/co­ author/coexist ko­, sú­, spolu­ ex­ (in nouns) previous; former: ex­wife/ex­ president ex­, bývalý­ non­ (in nouns, adjectives and adverbs) not: nonsense/non­ fiction/non­alcoholic non­ , nie­ over ­ (in nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs) more than usual; too much: overcrowded/overuse/overp roduction pre­, nad­ r e­ (in verbs and related nouns, adjectives and adverbs) again: reapply/reincarnation/reass uring re­, pr e­, znova niečo urobiť sub­ (in nouns and adjectives) below; less than: sub­zero temperatures pod­,sub­ Idioms shake your head to move your head from side to side, as a way of saying no: I asked him if he wanted a drink, but he shook his head. potr iasť nesúhlasne hlavou be snowed under (with sth) to have more things, especially work, than you feel able to deal with: I’d love to come, but I’m completely snowed under at the moment. byť zavalený in time (for sth/to do sth) not late; with enough time to be able to do sth: Don’t worry. We’ll get there in time for your train. včas on time not too late or too early; punctual: The train left on time. načas take sb by sur pr ise to happen unexpectedly so that sb is slightly shocked: His frankness took her by surprise. prekvapiť niekoho a/sb’s way of life the behaviour and customs that are typical of a person or a group of people životný štýl Your s faithfully used at the end of a formal letter before you sign your name, when you addressed sb as ‘Dear Sir or Madam’, etc and not by his/her name S pozdravom… (ak nepoznáme pr íjemcu dopisu) Your s sincerely used at the end of a formal letter before you sign your name, when you addressed sb by his/her name S pozdr avom… (ak poznáme pr íjemcu dopisu)
Unit 1
answerphone répondeur
application demande (d’emploi)
bathrobe robe de chambre
billfold/wallet portefeuille
the chemist’s la pharmacie
dating agency agence matrimoniale
dressing gown robe de chamber
drugstore pharmacie
earthquake tremblement de terre
email message électronique
emoticon binette
faucet robinet
flag drapeau
flashlight lampe de poche
form formulaire
landing card carte de débarcation
lift ascenseur
loneliness solitude
memory mémoire
message message
Morse code code Morse
natural disaster catastrophe naturelle
pantyhose collant
penfriend correspondant
phone call appel téléphonique
questionnaire questionnaire
repetition répétition
semaphore signal à bras, sémaphore
sign language langage par signes
tap robinet
tights collant
torch lampe de poche
vest (US) gilet
volcano volcan
waistcoat gilet
wallet portefeuille
care s’inéresser à, se préoccuper de
change changer
destroy détruire
dial composer un numéro
disappear disparaître
memorise mémoriser
phone appeler (au telephone)
practise exercer
revise réviser
ring appeler (au telephone)
save sauver
say dire
speak parler
survive survivre
tell dire, raconter
train entraîner, former
translate traduire
big-headed prétentieux
clever intelligent
happy heureux
kind gentil
lovely adorable
scared avoir peur
stupid stupide
weary las
Unit 2
action film film d’action
advertisement annonce
ballet ballet
the big time la célébrité
comedian comique
comedy comédie
concert hall salle de concert
confidence confiance
discipline discipline
dream rêve
historical epic film ou histoire épique
failure échec
horror filmfilm d’horreur
musicien musicien
noise bruit
record disque
subtitles sous-titres
thriller film ou un livre à suspens
voiceover commentaire sonore
apologise s’excuser
arrange prévoir, planifier
boo huer
clap applaudir
fancy avoir envie
lose perdre
receive recevoir
succeed réussir
ambitious ambitieux
ashamed honteux
determined déterminé
different différent
disciplined discipliné
embarrassing gênant
enormous énorme
exciting passionnant
famous célèbre
friendly aimable
fun amusant
glamorous séduisant
hard-working travailleur
lucky chanceux
noisy bruyant
polite poli
poor pauvre
positive positif
proud fier
romantic romantique
short court
similar similaire
skinny maigrichon
strong fort
successful qui a réussi
talented talentueux
tiny minuscule
tiring fatiguant
weak faible
well built bien bâti
warmly chaleureusement
get/go nowhere ne pas avancer
make it arriver (à être present)
Unit 3
accommodation logement
amenity agrément
aunt tante
brother frère
carer soignant
cousin cousin
dad papa
flatmate co-locataire
foster-family famille d’acceuil
grandchild petit-fils ou petite-fille
grandfather grandpère
grandmother grandmère
husband mari
mother mère
notice affiche
only child enfant unique
peer pair
pressure pression
relative parent
rent loyer
sister soeur
uncle oncle
wife épouse
bully intimider
envy envier
foster prendre en nourrice
instruct donner l’ordre
miss manquer
squawk pousser des cris rauques
swear jurer
available disponible
caring compatissant
cheerful de bonne humeur
close proche, près de
convenient commode
difficult difficile
heavy lourd
horrible horrible
independent indépendant
miserable misérable
mournful mélancolique
patient patient
powerful puissant
relaxing délassant
reliable digne de confiance
responsible responsable
sad triste
selfish égoiste
smart chic
spoilt gâté
strict stricte
thoughtful prévenant, gentil
toothless édenté
understanding compréhensif
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Pre-Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Phrasal verbs
bring sb up élever (enfant)
fall out (with sb) se brouiller
get into sth s’impliquer dans
get on/along with sb s’entendre
grow up grandir, devenir adulte
look after sb/sth/s’occuper de
put up with sb/sth supporter
stay on (at…) rester
take after sb ressembler à
tell sb off gronder
from this day forward à partir de ce jour
get into trouble avoir des ennuis
be/make friends (with sb) se lier d’amitié
be no joke ce n’est pas drôle
make sure (of sth/that…) s’assurer que
make up your mind se décider
Unit 4
ankle cheville
back dos
chest poitrine
chin menton
danger danger
diet nourriture, régime
ear oreille
effect effet
elbow coude
evil mal
eye oeil
eyebrow sourcil
fear peur
finger doigt
foot pied
hand main
head tête
headache mal de tête
heart coeur
knee genou
lip lèvre
mouth bouche
nail ongle
neck cou
nose nez
pain douleur
panic panique
plaster sparadrap
pulse rate pouls
shoulder épaule
soul âme
stomach estomac
stomach-ache mal à l’estomac
thanks merci
thigh cuisse
thumb pouce
toe orteil
toothache mal de dents
waist taille
wrist poignet
adore adorer
beat battre
break casser
detest détester
disappear disparaître
dislike ne pas aimer
fascinate fasciner
heal guérir
hurt faire mal
love aimer, adorer
scare faire peur
stand supporter
taste goûter
terrify terrifier
twist tordre
vanish disparaître
wonder se demander
astonishing étonnant
authentic authentique
balanced équilibré
bored s’ennuyer
boring ennuyeux
cheap bon marché
dangerous dangereux
delicious délicieux
emotional émotionnel
enjoyable agreeable
exhausted épuisé
exhausting épuisant
fantastic fantastique
fascinated fasciné
freezing glacial
fresh frais
frightened apeuré
frightening effrayant
healthy sain
hot épicé
interesting intéressant
low-fat peu de teneur en graisses
maximum maximum
rotten pourri
sad triste
salty salé
sick avoir des nausées
simple simple
sore douloureux
sorry désolé
sweet sucré
spicy épicé
tasty savoureux
terrible affreux
terrified terrifié
terrifying terrifiant
tough dur
anyway de toute façon
Phrasal Verbs
get over sth en finir avec
keep on persister
Unit 5
the atmosphere atmosphère
beach plage
blizzard tempête de neige
breeze brise
carbon dioxide dioxide de carbone
christening baptême
climate climat
crop récolte
desert désert
disease maladie
drinking water eau potable
drought sécheresse
effect effet
entertainment divertissement
the environment environnement
event évènement
flood inondation
flooding inondation
fog brouillard
forest forêt
fossil fuel combustible fossile
gale tempête d vent
global warming rechauffement de l’atmosphère
graduation remise de diplômes
the greenhouse effect l’effet de serre
greenhouse gas gaz provoquant l’effet de serre
the ground le sol
guest hôte
heatwave vague de chaleur
hill colline
hurricane ouragan
ice cap calotte glaciaire
island île
islander habitant d’une île
lake lac
lightning éclair
mountain montagne
ocean océan
patch plaque
plain plaine
pollution pollution
pressure pression
river fleuve
rumble tonner
sea mer
shower averse
spell courte période de temps
storm orage
thunder tonnerre
tin can boîte en fer blanc
tornado tornade
valley vallée
venue lieu de rendez-vous
weather temps (qu’il fait)
weather forecast previsions météorologiques
wedding noce
affect influencer
celebrate fêter
expand grandir
melt fondre
rise s’élever
spread se répandre
trap retenir
warn avertir
wish souhaiter
aggressive agressif
awful affreux
brilliant super
chilly frisquet
cool frais
damp humide
dark sombre
deep profond
disgusting dégoûtant
dry sec
environmental environnemental
extreme extrême
fun amusant, distrayant
great génial
heavy fort
high élevé
humid humide
light léger
local local
lovely superbe
marvellous merveilleux
miserable de misère
peaceful paisible
perfect parfait
reasonable moyen
rich riche
rocky rocailleux
rude grossier
smelly puant
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
steep raide
stressful stressant
strong fort
sunny ensoleillé
treeless sans arbres
westerly de l’ouest
wet pluvieux
widespread répandu
windy venteux
absolutely absolument
really vraiment
all the best bonne chance
the best of luck bonne chance
(the) same to you vous de même
Unit 6
accommodation logement
adventure aventure
allowance allocation, argent de poche
babysitter garde d’enfants
comfort confort
course cours
CV cv (curriculum vitae)
degree licence
desert island île déserte
diploma diplôme
employment emploi
enthusiasm enthousiasme
exam examen
experience expérience, vécu
experiment expérience (scientifique)
further education éducation des adultes
gap year année sabatique
grade note
higher education etudes supérieures
horizons horizons
hours heures (de travail)
initiative initiative
job travail
knowledge connaissances
loads tas
opportunity occasion
project projet
qualification qualification
quality qualité
rate tariff
reference lettre de référence
salary salaire
skill savoir-faire
test test
training formation
undergraduate étudiant
volunteer volontaire
wage salaire
work travail
apply postuler
build construire
contact contacter
earn gagner
enclose joindre
fail échouer
graduate terminer ses études
provide fournir
revise réviser
academic académique
ambitious ambitieux
fit en forme
full-time à plein temps
further de plus amples
outgoing sociable
part-time à temps partiel
temporary temporaire
unique unique
useful utile
vocational professionnel
voluntary bénévole
abroad à l’étranger
Phrasal Verbs
build up augmenter
get on with augmenter
look after s’occuper
look back regarder en arrière
look for chercher
look forward to se réjouir
look through parcourir
look sth up chercher
take sth up commener (une activité)
take part participer
Unit 7
archery tir à l’arc
athlete athlète
basketball basket
bat batte
bobsleigh bob
climbing escalade
coach coach, entraîneur
conclusion conclusion
court court
cricket cricket
crowd foule
cubicle cabine
equipment équipement
fan supporter
giant géant
goal but
hockey hockey sur gazon
ice hockey hockey sur glace
jet-skiing jet-ski
kayak kayak
legend légende
lifestyle style de vie
marathon marathon
medal médaille
net filet
the Olympic games les jeux olympiques
pitch terrain (de sport)
player joueur
racket raquette
ritual rite
rollercoaster montagnes russes
rugby rugby
scuba diving plongée sous-marine
ski-jumping saut à ski
sled luge
slogan slogan
sneaker baskets
snowboarding snowboard
spectator spectateur
stride grand pas
superstition superstition
team équipe
tennis tennis
track piste
trainer basket
viewer téléspectateur
warm-up échauffement
beat batter
cheer applaudir
compete concourir
crash s’écraser
hit frapper
kick donner un coup de pied
lose perdre
practise s’entraîner
resume reprendre, recommencer
roar hurler
serve servir
sprint sprinter
surf surfer
train s’entraîner
relaxing relaxant
superstitious superstitieux
unlucky malchanceux
extremely extrêmement
pretty plutôt
rather quelque peu
slightly légèrement
spectacularly spectaculairement
Phrasal verbs
put sb off décourager
slip away s’envoler
Unit 8
beard barbe
cave grotte
century siècle
chill frisson
chimney sweep ramoneur
coach carrosse
enemy ennemi
figure forme
four-leaf clover trèfle à quatre feuilles
ghost phantôme
hook crochet
horseshoe fer à cheval
inn auberge
junk camelote
ladder échelle
lottery loterie
luck chance
mist brume
motorist automobiliste
moustache moustache
pedestrian piéton
resident habitant
sailing voile
shadow ombre
sighting vue
the supernatural le surnaturel
thief voleur
wreck épave
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
creak grincer
drown se noyer
drum tambouriner
groan gémir
guess deviner
haunt hanter
hunt être à la recherché de
march marcher au pas
wander errer
alarming alarmant
broad large
correct correct
disturbed perturbé
elderly d’un certain âge
elegant élégant
ghostly spectral
legal legal
lonely isolé
lucky qui porte chance, chanceux
middle-aged d’âge mur
muscular musculaire
mysterious mystérieux
neat soigné
old-fashioned démodé
plump rond, rebondi
polite poli
practical pratique
puzzled déconcerté
quiet tranquille
regular régulier
responsible responsable
selfish égoiste
shabby miteux
shadowy indistinct
shocked choqué
skinny maigrichon
slim mince
strange étrange
surprised étonné
tidy range
trendy à la mode
unexpected inattendu
upset ému, bouleversé
youthful juvenile
quite tout à fait
Phrasal verbs
believe in croire en
knock sb over renverser
make sth up inventer
run away s’enfuire
run sb/sth over renverser, écraser
on board à bord
Unit 9
adolescent adolescent
advantage avantage
alien extraterrestre
antibiotic antibiotique
arrogance arrogance
astronaut astronaute
astronomer astronome
attachment attachement
attack attaque
autobiography autobiographie
biography biographie
communication communication
computer virus virus électronique
damage dommages
desktop écran d’ordinateur
difference difference
discovery découverte
driving test examen du permis de conduire
email message électronique
file dossier
floppy disk disquette
folder classeur
hard drive disque dur
hardware hardware
hoax canular
the human race la race humaine
the Internet l’internet
invention invention
journal revue spécialisée
keyboard clavier
laptop laptop
life vie
link lien
maturity maturité
memory mémoire
microchip puce
mission mission
modem modem
monitor moniteur
the moon la lune
mouse souris
mouse mat tapis de souris
observatory observatoire
palmtop palmtop
PC pc
planet planète
printer imprimante
problem problème
program programme
response réponse
scanner scanner
search recherche
software software
space espace
speaker haut parleur
surface surface
teenager adolescent
telegraph télégraphe
telescope téléscope
text message message texte
trauma trauma
the universe l’univers
website site web
window fenêtre
admit avouer
care préoccuper
click cliquer
copy copier
crash s’écraser
delete effacer
explore explorer
frown froncer les sourcils
invent inventer
paste coller
save sauvegarder
shout crier
yawn bâiller
angry fâché
global global
good at doué pour
interested intéressé
proud fier
worried inquiet
Phrasal verbs
come out sortir
come up with sth trouver une solution
depend on sb/sth dépendre de
find (sth) out découvrir
let sb down decevoir
make sth up inventer
set (sth) up établir
shut (sth) down éteindre
by the way entre parentheses, en fait
re concerne:
Unit 10
advert publicité
airport aéroport
announcement annonce
balloon montgolfière
bed and breakfast chambre et petit-déjeuner
campfire feu de camp
camping camping
carriage wagon de train
catalogue catalogue
check-in enregistrement
coach car
delay retard
departure départ
deposit depot
destination déstination
ferry ferry
flight vol
four-poster bed lit à baldequin
gate porte
half-board demi-pension
journey voyage
motorway autoroute
package holiday voyage à prix forfaitaire
pipe pipe
platform quai
return aller-retour
runway piste de décollage
sightseeing visiter (monuments, une ville)
signal signal
single aller simple
station gare
tent tente
tour tour
track voie de chemin de fer
travel voyages
trip voyage aller-retour, excursion
argue se disputer
board embarquer
depart partir
enquire demander des renseignements
face faire face à
grin sourire (d’une oreille à l’autre)
land atterrir
manufacture fabriquer
park parquer
ride monter (à cheval), conduire (une moto), aller
(à vélo)
tie attacher
grateful reconnaissant
in-flight pendant le vol
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Phrasal verbs
check in enregistrer
get in monter (en voiture)
get off descendre (du bus, du train etc.)
get on monter (sur un bus, un bateau etc.)
hit out attaquer
set off se mettre en route
take off décoller
make your way se diriger vers
with reference to sb/sth se référant à, concernant
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1
answerphone Anrufbeantworter
application Bewerbung
bathrobe Bademantel
billfold Brieftasche
the chemist’s Drogerie, Apotheke
dating agency Partnervermittlung
dressing gown Bademantel
drugstore Drogerie, Apotheke
earthquake Erdbeben
email E-mail
emoticon Emoticon, Smiley
faucet Hahn
flag Flagge
flashlight Taschenlampe
form Formular
landing card Landekarte
lift Fahrstuhl
loneliness Einsamkeit
memory Gedächtnis
message Nachricht
Morse code Morsealphabet
natural disaster Naturkatastrophe
pantyhose Strumpfhose
penfriend Brieffreund(in)
phone call Anruf
questionnaire Fragebogen
repetition Wiederholung
semaphore Flaggenwinken
sign language Gebärdensprache
tap Hahn
tights Strumpfhose
torch Taschenlampe
vest Weste
volcano Vulkan
waistcoat Weste
wallet Brieftasche
care sich für jdn/etw interessieren, etw schützen
change (sich) ändern
destroy zerstören
dial wählen
disappear aussterben, verschwinden
memorise auswendig lernen
phone anrufen
practise üben
revise wiederholen
ring (sb/sth) (up) anrufen
save save sb/sth (from sth/from doing sth)
jdn/etw retten, jdn davon abhalten etw zu tun
say sagen
speak sprechen
survive überleben
tell erzählen
train ausbilden
translate übersetzen
big-headed eingebildet
clever intelligent
happy glücklich
kind freundlich, nett
lovely entzückend
scared Angst haben
stupid dumm
weary müde
Unit 2
action film Actionfilm
advertisement Anzeige, Inserat, Werbespot
ballet Ballett
the big time Durchbruch
comedian Komiker(in)
comedy Komödie
concert hall Konzertsaal
confidence Vertrauen
discipline Disziplin
dream Traum
historical epic geschichtlicher Film
failure 1) Scheitern, Versagen 2) Versager(in)
horror film Horrorfilm
musician Musiker(in)
noise Lärm
record Schallplatte
subtitles Untertitel
thriller Thriller
voiceover Synchronisation
apologise sich entschuldigen
arrange ausmachen
clap klatschen
fancy Lust haben
lose verlieren
receive erhalten
succeed (in sth/in doing sth) Erfolg haben, es
ambitious ehrgeizig
ashamed be/feel ashamed sich schämen
determined entschlossen
different unterschiedlich, anders
disciplined diszipliniert
embarrassing peinlich
enormous riesig
exciting aufregend
famous berühmt
friendly freundlich
fun Spaß machen
glamorous glamourös
hard-working fleißig
lucky Glück haben
noisy laut
polite höflich
poor arm
positive positiv
proud stolz
romantic romantisch
short (used about a person) klein
similar ähnlich
skinny mager
strong stark
successful erfolgreich
talented begabt
tiny winzig
tiring anstrengend
weak schwach
well built kräftig
warmly herzlich
get/go nowhere nichts erreichen
make it (kommen) können
Unit 3
accommodation Unterkunft
amenity Einrichtung
aunt Tante
brother Bruder
carer Betreuer(in)
cousin Cousin, Kusine
dad Vati
flatmate Mitbewohner(in)
foster-family Pflegefamilie
grandchild Enkel(in)
grandfather Großvater
grandmother Großmutter
husband (Ehe)mann
mother Mutter
notice Anschlag
only child Einzelkind
peer Gleichaltrige(r)
pressure Druck
relative Verwandte(r)
rent Miete
sister Schwester
uncle Onkel
wife (Ehe)frau
bully einschüchtern
envy beneiden
foster in Pflege nehmen
instruct anweisen
miss 1) verpassen 2) vermissen
squawk (Vogel) krähen
swear schwören
available erhältlich, frei
caring liebevoll
cheerful fröhlich
close 1) in der Nähe (von jdm/etw) 2) eng
convenient praktisch
difficult schwierig
heavy schwer
horrible schrecklich
independent unabhängig
miserable elend, unglücklich
mournful traurig
patient geduldig
powerful leistungsstark
relaxing entspannend
reliable verlässlich
responsible verantwortungsbewusst
sad traurig
selfish egoistisch
smart flott
spoilt verwöhnt
strict streng
thoughtful aufmerksam
toothless zahnlos
understanding verständnisvoll
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Pre-Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Phrasal verbs
bring sb up jdn großziehen
fall out (with sb) sich (mit jdm) zerstreiten
get into sth in etw geraten
get on/along with sb mit jdm gut auskommen
grow up aufwachsen, erwachsen werden/sein
look after sb/sth/yourself sich um jdn/etw/sich
selbst kümmern
put up with sb/sth jdn/etw ertragen
stay on (at…) (etw) weiter machen
take after sb jdm nachschlagen
tell sb off jdn ausschimpfen
from this day forward von jetzt an
get into trouble in Schwierigkeiten geraten
be/make friends (with sb) sich (mit jdm)
be no joke nicht einfach sein
make sure (of sth/that…) dafür sorgen (dass ...)
make up your mind sich entscheiden
Unit 4
ankle Knöchel
back Rücken
chest Brust(korb)
chin Kinn
danger Gefahr
diet Ernährung, Kost
ear Ohr
effect Wirkung
elbow Ellbogen
evil das Böse
eye Auge
eyebrow Augenbraue
fear Angst
finger Finger
foot Fuß
hand Hand
head Kopf
headache Kopfschmerzen
heart Herz
knee Knie
lip Lippe
mouth Mund
nail Nagel
neck Hals, Nacken
nose Nase
pain Schmerz(en)
panic Panik
plaster Heftpflaster
pulse rate Puls
shoulder Schulter
soul Seele
stomach Magen
stomach-ache Magenschmerzen
thanks Danke
thigh Schenkel
thumb Daumen
toe Zehe
toothache Zahnschmerzen
waist Taille
wrist Handgelenk
adore sehr gern mögen
beat schlagen
break (zer)brechen
detest verabscheuen
disappear verschwinden
dislike nicht mögen
fascinate faszinieren
heal verheilen
hurt weh tun
love lieben
scare erschrecken
stand aushalten, ertragen können
taste kosten
terrify Angst machen
twist verrenken
vanish verschwinden
wonder sich fragen
astonishing erstaunlich
authentic authentisch
balanced ausgewogen
bored gelangweilt
boring langweilig
cheap billig
dangerous gefährlich
delicious köstlich
emotional emotionsgeladen
enjoyable nett, angenehm
exhausted erschöpft
exhausting anstrengend
fantastic fantastisch
fascinated fasziniert
freezing eiskalt
fresh frisch
frightened Angst haben
frightening Furcht erregend
healthy gesund
hot (Speisen) scharf
interesting interessant
low-fat fettarm
maximum maximal
rotten verdorben
sad traurig
salty salzig
sick schlecht
simple einfach
sore wund
sorry es tut mir leid
sweet süß
spicy würzig
tasty lecker
terrible schrecklich
terrified große Angst haben
terrifying Furcht erregend
tough zäh
anyway also, wie dem auch sei
Phrasal Verbs
get over sth mit etw fertig werden
keep on (doing sth) etw weiter machen, etw
immer wieder tun
Unit 5
the atmosphere die Atmosphäre
beach Strand
blizzard Schneesturm
breeze Brise
carbon dioxide Kohlendioxid, Kohlensäure
christening Taufe
climate Klima
crop Feldfrucht, Ernte
desert Wüste
disease Krankheit
drinking water Trinkwasser
drought Dürre
effect Auswirkung
entertainment Unterhaltung
the environment die Umwelt
event Veranstaltung
flood Überschwemmung
flooding Überschwemmung
fog Nebel
forest Wald
fossil fuel fossiler Brennstoff
gale Sturm
global warming Erwärmung der Erdatmosphäre
graduation Feier zur Verleihung akademischer
Grade, (Feier zum) Schulabschluss
the greenhouse effect der Treibhauseffekt
greenhouse gas Treibhausgas
the ground Boden
guest Gast
heatwave Hitzewelle
hill Hügel
hurricane Orkan
ice cap Eisdecke
island Insel
islander Inselbewohner(in)
lake (der) See
lightning Blitz
mountain Berg
ocean Ozean
patch Stelle
plain Ebene
pollution Verschmutzung
pressure Druck
river Fluss
rumble Grollen
sea (die) See
shower Regenschauer
spell kurze Zeit
storm Sturm
thunder Donner
tin can Dose
tornado Wirbelsturm
valley Tal
venue (Veranstaltungs)ort
weather Wetter
weather forecast Wettervorhersage
wedding Hochzeit
affect betreffen, sich auf jdn/etw auswirken
celebrate feiern
expand sich ausdehnen
melt schmelzen
rise steigen
spread sich verbreiten
trap auffangen
warn warnen
wish wünschen
aggressive aggressiv
awful fürchterlich
brilliant toll
chilly kalt
cool kühl,kalt
damp feucht
dark dunkel
deep tief
disgusting widerlich
dry trocken
environmental Umwelt-
extreme extrem
fun lustig
great toll, grossartig
heavy stark
high hoch
humid feucht
light leicht
local örtlich
lovely wunderschön
marvellous wunderbar
miserable erbärmlich
peaceful friedlich
perfect perfekt
reasonable akzeptabel
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
rich (Boden) fruchtbar
rocky felsig
rude unhöflich
smelly stinkend
steep steil
stressful stressig
strong stark
sunny sonnig
treeless baumlos
westerly West-
wet feucht, nass
widespread weit verbreitet
windy windig
absolutely absolut, sehr
really wirklich
all the best alles Gute
the best of luck (with sth) viel Glück
(the) same to you gleichfalls
Unit 6
accommodation Unterkunft
adventure Abenteuer
allowance finanzielle Unterstützung
babysitter Babysitter(in)
comfort Annehmlichkeit
course Kurs
CV (curriculum vitae) Lebenslauf
degree Universitätsabschluss
desert island einsame Insel
diploma Diplom
employment Beschäftigung, Job
enthusiasm Enthusiasmus
exam Prüfung
experience 1) Erfahrung 2) Erlebnis
experiment Experiment
further education Erwachsenenbildung,
gap year Jahr zwischen Schule und Studium
grade (Prüfungs)note
higher education Hochschulbildung
horizons Horizont
hours Arbeitszeit
initiative Initiative
job Stelle
knowledge Wissen
loads eine Menge
opportunity Gelegenheit
project Projekt
qualification Qualifikation
quality Eigenschaft
rate Stundenlohn
reference Referenz
salary Gehalt
skill Fertigkeit
test Test
training Ausbildung
undergraduate Student(in) (vor dem ersten
volunteer Freiwillige(r)
wage Lohn
work Arbeit
apply sich bewerben
build bauen
contact sich mit jdm in Verbindung setzen
earn verdienen
enclose beilegen
fail nicht bestehen
graduate einen akademischen Grad erwerben
provide bieten, liefern
revise wiederholen, für eine Prüfung lernen
academic akademisch
ambitious ehrgeizig
fit fit
full-time Voll-; a full-time job eine Vollzeitstelle
further weitere(r,s)
outgoing kontaktfreudig
part-time Teilzeit-
temporary befristet
unique einzigartig
useful nützlich
vocational Berufs-, beruflich
voluntary freiwillig
abroad im/ins Ausland
Phrasal Verbs
build up aufbauen, zunehmen
get on with sb mit jdm gut auskommen
look after sb/sth auf jdn/etw aufpassen
look back (on sth) (an etw) zurückdenken
look for sb/sth jdn/etw suchen
look forward to sth/doing sth sich auf etw freuen
look through sth etw (schnell) lesen
look sth up etw nachschlagen
take sth up 1) jetzt etw machen 2) anfangen etw zu
take part (in sth) (an etw) teilnehmen
Unit 7
archery Bogenschießen
athlete Sportler(in)
basketball Basketball
bat Schläger
bobsleigh Bob
climbing Bergsteigen, Klettern
coach Trainer
conclusion Schluss(folgerung)
court Platz
cricket Kricket
crowd Menge, die Zuschauer
cubicle Kabine
equipment Ausrüstung
fan Fan
giant Riese
goal Tor
hockey Hockey
ice hockey Eishockey
jet-skiing Jetskifahren
kayak Kajak
legend Legende
lifestyle Lifestyle
marathon Marathon
medal Medaille
net Netz
the Olympic games die Olympischen Spiele
pitch Platz
player Spieler(in)
racket Schläger
ritual Ritual
rollercoaster Achterbahn
rugby Rugby
scuba diving Sporttauchen
ski-jumping Skispringen
sled Schlitten
slogan Slogan
sneaker Sportschuh
snowboarding Snowboarden
spectator Zuschauer(in)
stride (großer) Schritt
superstition Aberglaube
team Mannschaft
tennis Tennis
track Rennstrecke, Laufbahn
trainer Sportschuh
viewer Fernsehzuschauer(in)
warm-up Aufwärmübungen
beat schlagen
cheer anfeuern, zujubeln
compete (in sth) (against sb) (an einem
Wettbewerb) teilnehmen, (in etw) (gegen jdn)
crash (gegen etw) prallen
hit schlagen
kick kicken
lose verlieren
practise trainieren
resume wieder anfangen
roar brüllen
serve aufschlagen
sprint sprinten
surf surfen
train trainieren
relaxing entspannend
superstitious abergläubisch
unlucky Unglücks-
extremely äußerst
pretty ziemlich
rather ziemlich
slightly etwas
spectacularly unglaublich
Phrasal verbs
put sb off (sb/sth/doing sth) jdn von etw abhalten,
jdn davon abhalten etw zu tun
slip away vergehen
Unit 8
beard Bart
cave Höhle
century Jahrhundert
chill Schaudern
chimney sweep Schornsteinfeger(in)
coach Kutsche
enemy Feind(in)
figure Gestalt
four-leaf clover vierblättriger Klee
ghost Gespenst
hook Haken
horseshoe Hufeisen
inn Gasthaus
junk (alter) Kram
ladder Leiter
lottery Lotterie
luck Glück
mist Nebel
motorist Autofahrer(in)
moustache Schnurrbart
pedestrian Fußgänger(in)
resident Anwohner(in)
sailing Segeln
shadow Schatten
sighting Sichten, Sichtung
the supernatural das Übernatürliche
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
thief Dieb(in)
wreck Wrack
creak knarren
drown ertrinken
drum trommeln
groan stöhnen
guess raten
haunt, the house is haunted in dem Haus
spukt es
hunt (for sb/sth) (nach jdm/etw) suchen
march marschieren
wander herumwandern
alarming Furcht erregend
broad breit
correct richtig
disturbed beunruhigt
elderly alt
elegant elegant
ghostly geisterhaft
legal legal
lonely einsam
lucky 1) Glück haben 2) (eine Zahl) die Glück bringt
middle-aged mittleren Alters
muscular muskulös
mysterious geheimnisvoll
neat ordentlich
old-fashioned altmodisch
plump rundlich
polite höflich
practical praktisch
puzzled erstaunt, verblüfft, verwirrt
quiet ruhig
regular regelmäßig
responsible verantwortungsbewusst
selfish egoistisch
shabby schäbig
shadowy schemenhaft
shocked schockiert
skinny mager
slim dünn, schlank
strange sonderbar
surprised überrascht
tidy ordentlich
trendy modisch
unexpected unerwartet
upset bestürzt, verstört
youthful jugendlich
quite ganz
Phrasal verbs
believe in sb/sth an jdn/etw glauben
knock sb over jdn umwerfen
make sth up etw erfinden
run away weglaufen
run sb/sth over jdn/etw überfahren
on board an Bord
Unit 9
adolescent Jugendliche(r)
advantage Vorteil
alien Außerirdische(r)
antibiotic Antibiotikum
arrogance Arroganz
astronaut Astronaut(in)
astronomer Astronom(in)
attachment Anlage
attack Angriff
autobiography Autobiografie
biography Biografie
communication Kommunikation
computer virus Computervirus
damage Schaden
desktop Desktopcomputer
difference Unterschied
discovery Entdeckung
driving test Fahrprüfung
email E-mail
file Datei
floppy disk Diskette
folder Ordner
hard drive Festplatte
hardware Hardware
hoax Falschmeldung
the human race die Menschheit
the Internet das Internet
invention Erfindung
journal Zeitschrift
keyboard Tastatur
laptop Laptop
life Leben
link Link
maturity Reife
memory Speicher(kapazität)
microchip Mikrochip
mission (Weltraum)flug
modem Modem
monitor Bildschirm
the moon der Mond
mouse Maus
mouse mat Mauspad
observatory Observatorium
palmtop Palmtop
planet Planet
printer Drucker
problem Problem
program Programm
response Antwort
scanner Scanner
search Suche
software Software
space Weltraum
speaker Lautsprecher
surface Oberfläche
teenager Teenager
telegraph Telegraf
telescope Teleskop
text message SMS
trauma Trauma
the universe das Universum
website Website
window Fenster
admit zugeben
care sorzen, kümmern
click (etw) (an)klicken
copy kopieren
crash gegen etw prallen, fahren
delete löschen
explore erforschen
frown die Stirn runzeln
invent erfinden
paste einfügen
save speichern
shout schreien
yawn gähnen
angry böse
global Welt-
good gut
interested (in sb/sth) (an jdm/etw) interessiert
proud stolz
worried besorgt (um jdn/wegen etw)
Phrasal verbs
come out herauskommen
come up with sth eine Idee, einen Einfall etc.
depend on sb/sth sich auf jdn/etw verlassen
find (sth) out etw herausfinden
let sb down jdn enttäuschen
make sth up erfinden
set (sth) up bauen, gründen
shut (sth) down (etw) abschalten
by the way übrigens
re (written) betreffs
Unit 10
advert Werbung, Anzeige, Werbespot
airport Flughafen
announcement Durchsage
balloon Ballon
bed and breakfast Zimmer mit Frühstück,
campfire Lagerfeuer
camping Zelten
carriage (Eisenbahn)wagen
catalogue Prospekt
check-in 1 Abfertigung 2 Abfertigungsschalter
coach Bus, Reisebus
delay Verspätung
departure Abfahrt, Abflug
deposit Anzahlung
destination Reiseziel
ferry Fähre
flight Flug
four-poster bed Himmelbett
gate Flugsteig
half-board Halbpension
journey Fahrt, Reise
motorway Autobahn
package holiday Pauschalreise
pipe Pfeife
platform Bahnsteig
return Rückfahrkarte
runway Startbahn, Landebahn
sightseeing sich Sehenswürdigkeiten ansehen
signal Signal
single Einzelfahrkarte
station 1) Bahnhof 2) Busbahnhof
tent Zelt
tour 1) Tour 2) Rundgang, Rundfahrt
track (Bahn)gleis
travel das Reisen
trip Reise
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
argue streiten
board einsteigen
depart abfahren
enquire sich erkundigen
face etw gegenüberstehen
grin grinsen
land landen
manufacture herstellen
park parken
ride 1) reiten 2) fahren
tie anbinden
grateful dankbar
in-flight während des Fluges
Phrasal verbs
check in einchecken
get in/into sth einsteigen
get off (sth) aussteigen
get on/onto sth einsteigen
hit out (at sb/sth) einschlagen
set off losfahren
take off abfliegen
make your way (to/towards sth) gehen, fahren,
sich begeben
with reference to sb/sth (formal) bezüglich
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1 Nouns answerphone [C] a machine that answers the telephone and records messages from the people who call: I rang him and left a message on his answerphone. telefón so záznamníkom application [C, U] (an) application (to sb) (for sth) a formal written request, especially for a job: Applications for the job should be made to the Personnel Manager. to fill in an application form. (písomná) žiadosť bathrobe (esp US) = dressing gown župan billfold (US) = wallet peňaženka the chemist’s (US drugstore) a shop that sells medicines, soap, camera film, etc lekár eň dating agency [C] a business or an organisation that arranges meetings between single people who want to begin a romantic relationship: He met his wife through a computer dating agency. zoznamovacia agentúra dr essing gown (US bathrobe) [C] a piece of clothing like a loose coat with a belt, which you wear before or after a bath, before you get dressed in the morning, etc župan dr ugstor e (US) = the chemist’s lekár eň earthquake [C] violent movement of the earth’s surface: Thousands of homes were destroyed in the earthquake. zemetr asenie email [C] an electronic message that is sent from one computer to another: I’ll send you an email tomorrow. e­mail, správa poslaná elektronickou poštou emoticon [C] a symbol showing an expression on a face such as a smile, which is written using the keys on a computer, etc to show how you feel about the message you are writing emotikona faucet (US) = tap kohútik flag [C] a piece of cloth with a special pattern on it joined to a stick. Every country has its own flag. zástava flashlight (US) = torch baterka form [C] an official document with questions on it and spaces where you give answers and personal information: Please fill in an application form. žiadosť, formulár landing card [C] a form on which you have to write details about yourself when you are flying to a foreign country vstupná kar ta (vypisuje cestujúci pr e pasové oddelenie) lift (US elevator) [C] a machine in a large building that is used for carrying people or things from one floor to another: It’s on the third floor so we’d better take the lift. výťah loneliness [U] the feeling of being unhappy because you are not with other people or have no friends adjective: lonely samota, osamelosť memor y [C] (pl memories) a person’s ability to remember things: You need a good memory to learn a language. pamäť, spomienky message [C] a written or spoken piece of information that you send to or leave for a person when you cannot speak to him/her: John is not here at the moment. Can I take a message? If he’s not in, I’ll leave a message on his answerphone. správa, odkaz Morse code [U] a system for sending messages, using combinations of long and short sounds or flashes of light to represent letters of the alphabet and numbers: We sent the message in Morse code. Morseova abeceda, morzeovka natural disaster [C] an event caused by natural forces such as the weather, which hurt a lot of people and damage buildings, etc: earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters prír odná katastr ofa, pohroma pantyhose (US) = tights pančušky penfr iend [C] a person that you have become friendly with by writing letters to him/her, often a person you have never met pr iateľ, s ktor ým si dopisujete phone call [C] the act of speaking to sb on the telephone: Could I make a phone call please? telefónny hovor questionnaire [C] a list of questions that are answered by many people. A questionnaire is used to
collect information about a particular subject: to fill in/complete a questionnaire dotazník repetition [C,U] doing sth again; sth that you do or that happens again: to learn by repetition verb: repeat opakovanie semaphore [U] a system for sending signals in which you hold your arms or two flags in particular positions to represent different letters of the alphabet signalizovanie sign language [U] a way of communicating used especially by people who cannot hear or speak, using the hands to make signs instead of spoken words posunková reč tap (US faucet) a type of handle that you turn to let water, gas, etc out of a pipe or container: Turn the hot/cold tap on/off. kohútik tights (US pantyhose) [pl] a piece of thin clothing, usually worn by women, that fits tightly from the waist over the legs and feet: a pair of tights pančušky torch [C] (US flashlight) a small electric light that you carry in your hand: Shine the torch under the sofa and see if you can find my ring. bater ka vest (US) = waistcoat pánska vesta volcano [C] (pl volcanoes; volcanos) a mountain with a hole (crater) at the top, through which steam, hot melted rock (lava), fire, etc sometimes come out: When did the volcano last erupt? sopka, vulkán waistcoat (US vest) [C] a piece of clothing with buttons down the front and no arms that is often worn over a shirt and under a jacket as part of a man’s suit pánska vesta wallet (US billfold) [C] a small, flat, folding case, usually made of leather, in which you keep paper money, plastic cards, etc peňaženka Verbs car e care (about sb/sth) to be worried about or interested in sb/sth: Money is the only thing he cares about. starať sa o change to become different or to make sb/sth different: This town has changed a lot since I was young. zmeniť destroy to damage sth so badly that it can no longer be used or no longer exists: The building was destroyed by fire. zničiť dial (dialling; dialled) to push the buttons or move the dial on a telephone in order to call a telephone number: I dialled the wrong number. vytočiť telefónne číslo disappear to stop existing; vanish: Plant and animal species are disappearing at an alarming rate. zmiznúť memorise to learn sth so that you can remember it exactly: Actors have to memorise their lines. naučiť sa naspamäť phone (informal) to speak to sb on the telephone: Phone me when you get there. zatelefonovať practise to do an activity or train regularly so that you become very good at sth: Practise your English by writing to a penfriend. noun: practice precvičovať, trénovať r evise to read or study again sth that you have learnt, especially when preparing for an exam noun: revision opakovať r ing (pt rang; pp rung) ring (sb/sth) (up) to phone sb/sth: What time will you ring me tomorrow? zatelefonovať save save sb/sth (from sth/from doing sth) to stop sb/sth from dying: She saved the boy from drowning in the river. zachr ániť, ochrániť say (3rd pers sing pres says; pt, pp said) say sth (to sb); say that…. to speak or tell sb sth, using words: ‘Please come back,’ she said. povedať speak (pt spoke; pp spoken) (not used in the continuous tenses) to know and be able to use a language: Does anyone here speak German? hovor iť sur vive to continue to live or exist in or after a difficult or dangerous situation: Only five passengers survived the plane crash. prežiť tell (pt, pp told) tell sb (sth/that..); tell sb (about sth); tell sth to sb to give information to sb by speaking or writing: She told me that her mother was ill. rozpr ávať, povedať train to teach a person to do sth which is difficult or needs practice učiť, cvičiť, trénovať
tr anslate to change sth written or spoken from one language to another: This book has been translated from Czech into English. noun: translation pr eložiť, prekladať Adjectives big­headed (informal) thinking you are very important or clever because of sth you have done; too proud namyslený, nafúkaný clever able to learn, understand or do sth quickly and easily; intelligent chytrý, bystr ý, inteligentný happy (happier; happiest) feeling or showing pleasure; pleased opposite: unhappy šťastný kind caring about others; friendly and generous: Everyone’s been so kind to us since we came here! láskavý, pr iateľský lovely (lovelier; loveliest) (informal) (used about a person) very kind, friendly and generous préjemný, milý, úžasný scar ed frightened; afraid: She’s scared of walking home alone. vyľakaný stupid not intelligent or sensible: He was stupid to trust her. hlúpy, ner ozumný wear y very tired, especially after you have been doing sth for a long time: He gave a weary smile. vyčer paný, unavený Unit 2 Nouns action film [C] a film on the television, at the cinema, etc which contains a lot of exciting events akčný film adver tisement (also informal advert; ad) [C] a piece of information in a newspaper, on television, a picture on a wall, etc that tries to persuade people to buy sth: an advertisement for a fizzy drink verb: advertise inzer át, r eklama ballet [C] a performance or work which consists of a style of dancing that tells a story with music but without words balet the big time [sing] great success in a profession, especially the entertainment business: She hit the big time after appearing on a TV talent show. veľký úspech comedian [C] a person whose job is to entertain people and make them laugh, for example by telling them jokes komediant, zabávač comedy [C] (pl comedies) a film, play, etc that makes you laugh and that has a happy ending komédia, veselohr a concert hall [C] a building where people go to listen to music being played koncer tná sála confidence [U] confidence (in sb/sth) trust or strong belief in sb/sth: I have no confidence in his ability to do the job. dôver a discipline [U] the practice of training people to obey rules and behave well: A good teacher should be able to maintain discipline in the classroom. disciplína, por iadok dream [C] something that you want very much to happen, although it is not likely: She finally achieved her dream of becoming a professional singer. sen historical epic [C] a long film or book that contains a lot of action and is based on things that happened a long time ago historický epos failur e 1 [U] the fact of not being able to get what you want: Her plan ended in failure. 2 [C] a person or thing that is not successful: His first attempt at skating was a miserable failure. 0pposite: success neúspech hor ror film [C] a film that makes you feel frightened hor or musician [C] a person who plays a musical instrument or writes music, especially as a job muzikant, hudobník noise [C] a sound, especially a loud or unpleasant one: Did you hear a noise downstairs? zvuk, hluk r ecor d [C] a thin round piece of plastic which can store music so that you can play it when you want to: He spent the evening listening to old records. gr amofónová platňa subtitles [pl] the words at the bottom of the picture on television or at the cinema. The sub­titles translate the words of a foreign film or programme or help people
with hearing problems titulky thriller [C] a film, book, etc with a very exciting story, often about a crime napínavý príbeh, thriller voiceover [C] information, comments in a film, television programme, etc that are given by a person who is not seen on the screen: She earns a lot of money doing voiceovers for TV advertisements. hovorený komentár Ver bs apologise apologise (to sb) (for sth) to say that you are sorry for sth you have done: You’ll have to apologise to your teacher for being late. noun: apology ospravedlniť sa ar range arrange to do sth; arrange (sth) with sb to make plans and preparations so that sth can happen in the future: I’ve arranged to go to the cinema with Ian tomorrow night. zabezpečiť, dohodnúť boo to make a sound to show that you do not like sb/sth: The audience booed when the baddie came on stage. zvolať fuj/hanba, nesúhlasne zakričať/zapískať clap (clapping; clapped) to make a noise by hitting your hands together to show that you like sth: The audience clapped as soon as the singer walked on stage. tlieskať fancy (3rd pers sing fancies; pt,pp fancied) (informal) to like the idea of having or doing sth; to want sth or to want to do sth: I don’t fancy going out in this rain. mať rád/chuť, obľúbiť si lose (pt, pp lost) to not win or be successful at sth: We played well but we lost 2­1. opposite: win pr ehrať receive to get or accept sth that sb sends or gives to you: to receive a phone call opposite: give získať, dostať, obdr žať succeed succeed (in sth/in doing sth) to manage to achieve what you want; to do well: She succeeded in passing the exam. opposite: fail noun: success uspieť Adjectives ambitious having a strong desire to be successful, to have power, etc: You have to be ambitious to become a successful pop star. noun: ambition ambiciózny, ctižiadostivý ashamed feeling guilty or embarrassed about sb/sth or because of sth you have done: She felt ashamed of her bad behaviour. opposite: proud zahanbiť determined having firmly decided to do sth or to succeed, even if it is difficult: She was determined to find a better job. noun: determination odhodlaný, r ozhodnutý differ ent not the same: The two houses are very different in style. opposite: similar odlišný, r ôzny disciplined having the ability to train your mind and body so that you control your actions and obey rules: You have to have a disciplined approach to your work. disciplinovaný embarr assing making you feel uncomfortable or shy: She asks too many embarrassing questions. zahanbujúci, privádzajúci do rozpakov enormous very big or very great: an enormous building opposite: tiny obrovský, ohr omný exciting making you feel very interested and happy vzrušujúci famous well known to many people noun: fame známy, populár ny friendly (friendlier; friendliest) behaving in a kind and open way which makes people feel happy and relaxed opposite: unfriendly priateľský fun amusing or enjoyable: Jane is really fun (= I enjoy being with her). zábavný, smiešny glamor ous seeming more exciting or attractive than ordinary things or people: the glamorous world of show business lákavý, okúzlujúci, fascinujúci har d­wor king working with a lot of effort and energy noun: hard work usilovný, pracovitý lucky (luckier; luckiest) (used about a person) having success and good things that come by chance: He’s lucky to be alive after an accident like that. noun: luck šťastný, úspešný noisy (noisier; noisiest) making a lot of loud and unpleasant sounds: full of noise opposite: quiet hlučný
polite having good manners and behaviour and showing respect for others opposite: impolite zdvor ilý, slušný poor not having enough money to have a comfortable life opposite: rich chudobný positive thinking or talking about the good things in a situation, in a way that makes you or sb else feel hopeful and confident: Positive thinking will help you to succeed. opposite: negative kladný, pozitívny pr oud feeling pleased and satisfied about sth that you have or sth you have done: They are very proud of their new house. opposite: ashamed hrdý, pyšný romantic connected with love or a sexual relationship: a r omantic film, r omantický shor t (used about a person) less than the normal height for a man or woman opposite: tall malý (vzrastom) similar like sb/sth but not exactly the same: Your handwriting is very similar to mine. opposite: different podobný skinny (used about a person) too thin opposite: wellbuilt chudý, vyziabnutý str ong (used about a person) able to lift or carry heavy things opposite: weak silný successful having achieved what you wanted; having become popular, rich, etc: a successful businessman noun: success úspešný talented having a natural skill or ability: She’s a talented musician. noun: talent talentovaný tiny (tinier; tiniest) very small: the baby’s tiny fingers opposite: enormous dr obný, maličký tiring making you want to rest or sleep: Teaching is a very tiring job. únavný weak (used about the body) having very little strength or energy; not strong slabý well built (used about a person) with a solid, strong body opposite: skinny dobr e stavaný Adverbs war mly in a friendly, kind way: She thanked him warmly for his help. opposite: coldly milo, vr elo Idioms get/go nowhere to make no progress or to have no success: We are getting nowhere arguing like this! nikam sa nedostať make it (used about arrangements) to be able to be present at a place: I’m sorry, I won’t be able to make it (for example to a party) on Saturday. zvládnuť to Unit 3 Nouns accommodation [U] a place for sb to live and stay in: We lived in rented accommodation before buying this house. ubytovanie amenity [C] (pl amenities) something that makes a place pleasant or easy to live in: Among the town’s amenities are two cinemas and a sports centre. pohodlie, komfort aunt [C] the sister of your father or mother; the wife of your uncle teta brother [C] a man or boy who has the same parents as another person brat car er [C] a person who regularly looks after sb who is unable to look after himself/herself because of age, illness, etc opatr ovateľ cousin [C] the child of your aunt or uncle bratranec/sester nica dad [C] (informal) father: Is that your dad? otec, tatko flatmate [C] a person who shares a flat with one or more others spolubývajúci foster ­family [C] a family who takes a child who needs a home into their family and cares for him/her without becoming the legal parent: a foster­mother starajúca sa r odina o dieťa grandchild (pl grandchildren) (also granddaughter; grandson) [C] the daughter or son of your child vnuk/vnučka grandfather ( also informal grandad; grandpa) [C] the father of one of your parents star ý otec, dedko
gr andmother (also informal granny) [C] the mother of one of your parents stará mama, babka husband [C] a man that a woman is married to manžel mother (informal mum) [C] the female parent of a person mama, matka notice [C] a piece of paper or a sign giving information, a warning, etc that is put where everyone can read it: There’s a notice on the board saying that the meeting has been cancelled. oznam, spr áva, upozor nenie only child [C] a child who has no brothers or sister: As an only child, I was quite lonely when I was growing up. jedináčik peer [C] a person who is of the same age or position in society as you osoba r ovnakého veku/postavenia pr essure [C, U] worries or difficulties that you have because you have too much too much to deal with: Peer pressure can force children to rebel against authority. úzkosť, tlak relative [C] a member of your family pr íbuzný rent [U,C] money that you pay regularly for use of land, a house or a building: She hasn’t paid her rent for two months. pr enájom, nájomné sister [C] a girl or woman who has the same parents as another person sestr a uncle [C] the brother of your father or mother; the husband of your aunt str ýc wife [C] a woman that a man is married to manželka Verbs bully to use your strength or power to hurt or frighten sb who is weaker or to make him/her do sth: They bullied her at school until she gave them her money. týrať, šikanovať envy to want sth that sb else has; to feel jealous of sb because he/she has sth you want: I envied her happy childhood. závidieť foster to take a child who needs a home into your own family and to care for him/her without becoming his/her legal parent: She fostered the child until he was eighteen. vychovávať cudzie dieťa instruct instruct sb (to do sth) to give an order to sb; to tell sb to do sth: The teacher instructed the children to leave the room. nar iadiť, pr ikázať, dať inštr ukcie miss 1 to fail to go to or do sth: She missed weeks of school because of the accident. 2 to feel sad because sb is not with you any more: He missed her desperately when she left. vymeškať, chýbať squawk (used especially about a bird) to make a loud unpleasant noise kr ákať swear (pt swore; pp sworn) swear (to do sth); swear that… to make a serious promise: I swore never to go back there again. pr isahať Adjectives available (used about things) that you can get, buy, etc: The room to rent is not available until next month. k dispozícii, na sklade, dostať car ing showing that the feelings of other people are important to you: We must work towards a more caring society. star ostlivý cheer ful feeling happy; showing that you are happy: a cheerful smile veselý close close (to sb/sth) 1 near: Is the hotel close to the beach? 2 (used about a relative, friend, etc) knowing sb very well and liking him/her: She and her father had never been very close. blízky, dôverný convenient suitable or practical for a particular purpose; not causing difficulty: A small car is more convenient for parking in busy streets. opposite: inconvenient vhodný, výhodný difficult (used about a person) not friendly, reasonable or helpful: He was always a difficult child. zložitý, problematický heavy (heavier; heaviest) weighing a lot; difficult to lift or move: The piano was too heavy to lift. opposite: light ťažký hor rible (informal) bad or unpleasant: This coffee tastes horrible! str ašný, hrozný independent not needing or wanting help: He left home to be independent of his parents. nezávislý
miserable unpleasant; making you feel unhappy biedny, úbohý, mizer ný mournful (written) very unhappy or sad: a mournful song smútiaci, žalostný patient able to stay calm and not get angry, especially when there is a difficulty or you have to wait a long time: She’s very patient with young children. trpezlivý power ful having great strength or force: a powerful car/computer silný, výkonný relaxing pleasant; helping you to rest and become less worried ukľudnujúci, uvoľnujúci reliable (used about a person) that you can trust: She’s a very reliable babysitter. spoľahlivý responsible (used about a person) that you can trust to behave well and in a sensible way: Maria is responsible enough to take her little sister to school. zodpovený sad (sadder; saddest) unhappy or making sb feel unhappy smutný, nešťastný selfish thinking only about your own needs or wishes and not about other people’s: I’m sick of your selfish behaviour – think of others for a change! sebecký smart fashionable and usually expensive: a smart car/restaurant módny, luxusný spoilt (used about a child) rude and badly behaved because he/she has always been given everything he/she wants skazený, rozmaznaný strict not allowing people to break rules or to behave badly: strict parents/teachers pr ísny, nekompr omisný thoughtful thinking about what other people want or need: It was very thoughtful of you to send her flowers. pozorný, ohľaduplný toothless having no teeth bezzubý under standing showing kind feelings towards sb; sympathetic: She’s very understanding about the problems teenagers face nowadays. chápavý Phrasal verbs bring sb up to care for a child, teaching him/her how to behave, etc: He was brought up by his aunt. vychovávať fall out (with sb) to argue and to stop being friendly (with sb) pohádať sa, rozkmotriť sa get into sth to become involved in sth; to start sth: to get into a fight/ an argument ísť do niečoho get on/along with sb to have a friendly relationship with sb: Do you get on well with your colleagues? vychádzať s niekým grow up to develop into an adult; to mature: What do you want to be when you grow up? vyrásť look after sb/sth/yourself to be responsible for or take care of sb/sth/yourself: The old lady’s son looked after her all her finances. star ať sa o, dávať pozor na put up with sb/sth to suffer sb/sth unpleasant and not complain about it: I don’t know how they put up with this noise. vyr ovnať sa niecím stay on (at…) 1 to continue studying, working, etc somewhere for longer than expected or after people have left: He stayed on at school after doing GCSEs. zostať, zotrvať take after sb to look or behave like an older member of your family: He takes after his uncle. byť po niekom tell sb off to speak to sb angrily because he/she has done sth wrong: The teacher told me off for not doing my homework. vynadať niekomu Idioms from this day forward from now on (= starting at the time mentioned and continuously after that) od tohoto dňa navždy get into tr ouble get into a situation in which you can be criticised or punished: He got into trouble with the police. dostať sa do problémov be/make friends (with sb) to be/become a friend of sb: He finds it hard to make friends with other children. spriateliť sa be no joke to be difficult or unpleasant: It’s no joke trying to find a job these days. žiadna sranda
make sure (of sth/that…) to do sth in order to be certain that sth else happens: We will make sure that you enjoy your visit. ubezpečiť sa o make up your mind to decide sth: They’re both lovely – I can’t make up my mind. r ozhodnúť sa Unit 4 Nouns ankle [C] the part of your body where your foot joins your leg členok back [C] the part of your body between the neck and the bottom chr bát chest [C] the top part of the front of your body hruď chin [C] the part of your face below your mouth brada danger [U, C] the chance that sb/sth may be hurt, killed or damaged or that sth bad may happen: When he saw the gun, he realised his life was in danger. adjective: dangerous nebezpečie diet [C] the food that a person usually eats: I try to have a healthy, balanced diet (= including all the types of food that our body needs). verb: diet str ava ear [C] one of the two parts of the body of a person or an animal that are used for hearing ucho effect [C] (an) effect (on sb/sth) a change that is caused by sth; a result: The film had a profound effect on him. účinok, vplyv elbow[C] the place where the bones of your arm join and your arm bends lakeť evil [U] a force that causes bad and harmful things to happen: The play is about the good and evil in all of us. zlo,zloba eye [C] one of the two organs in your body that you use to see with: He’s got blue eyes. oko eyebr ow[C] the line of hair that is above your eye obočie fear [C,U] the feeling that you have when sth dangerous, painful or frightening might happen: This book helped me get over my fear of dogs. str ach, obavy finger [C] one of the five parts at the end of each hand: She wore rings on all her fingers. pr st na r uke foot [C] (pl feet) the lowest part of your body, at the end of your leg, on which you stand noha, chodidlo hand [C] the part of your body at the end of your arm which has five fingers: He took the child by the hand. ruka head [C] the part of your body above the neck: She turned her head to look at him. hlava headache [C] a pain in your head: I’ve got a terrible headache. bolesť hlavy heart [C] the organ inside your chest which sends blood round your body: Exercising makes your heart beat faster. sr dce knee [C] the place where your leg bends in the middle: She fell and hurt her knee. koleno lip [C] either of the two soft edges at the opening of your mouth: to kiss sb on the lips. per a mouth [C] the part of your face that you use for eating and speaking: to open/close your mouth ústa nail [C] a thin hard layer that covers the end of a finger or toe: to cut your fingernails/toenails necht neck [C] the part of your body that joins your head to your shoulders: She wrapped a scarf around her neck. kr k nose [C] the part of your face, above your mouth, that is used for breathing and smelling nos pain [C] the unpleasant feeling that you have when a part of your body has been hurt or when you are ill: He had pains in his chest. bolesť panic [U] a sudden feeling of fear that cannot be controlled and stops you from thinking clearly: There was complete panic when the alarm went off. panika, vydesenie plaster [C] a small piece of sticky material that is used to cover a cut, etc on the body: Put a plaster on it until it stops bleeding. náplasť pulse r ate [C, usually sing] the regular speed at which blood is pushed around your body by the action of your heart: Your pulse rate increases after exercise. pulz shoulder [C] the part of your body between the neck and the top of your arm: She
fell asleep with her head on his shoulder. rameno soul [C] the inner part of a person containing his/her deepest thoughts and feelings: There was a feeling of sadness deep in her soul. duša stomach [C] the organ in your body where food goes after you have eaten it žalúdok stomach­ache [C,U] a pain in your stomach: I’ve got (a) terrible stomach­ache. bolesť žalúdka thanks [pl] words which show that you are grateful: Thanks for the lovely present. poďakovanie thigh [C] the top part of your leg, above the knee stehno thumb [C] the short thick finger at the side of each hand palec (na ruke) toe [C] one of the ten small parts at the end of each foot prst na nohe toothache [U, C, usually sing] a pain in your tooth or teeth: I’ve got such bad toothache, I can’t open my mouth. bolesť zuba waist [C] the narrowest part around the middle of your body: He put his arms around her waist. pás wr ist [C] the narrow part at the end of your arm where it joins your hand zápästie Ver bs ador e to like sth/sb very much: She adores chocolate. zbožňovať obdivovať beat (pt beat; pp beaten) to make a regular sound or movement: Her heart beat faster as ran to pick up her child. udierať, biť break (pt broke; pp broken) to separate, or make sth separate, into two or more pieces: He broke his leg in a car accident. zlomiť detest to hate or not like sb/sth at all: I detest the smell of boiled cabbage. nenávidieť, neznášať disappear to become impossible to see or to find; to vanish: He disappeared into a crowd of people. str atiť sa, zmiznúť dislike to think that sb/sth is unpleasant nemať rád, neobľubovať fascinate to attract or interest sb very much: Chinese culture has always fascinated me. adjectives: fascinated, fascinating fascinovať heal heal (up/over) to become healthy again: The cut will heal up in a few days. hojiť, zahojiť hur t (pt, pp hurt) to feel painful: My leg hurts. bolieť love to like or enjoy sth very much: I love horror films. milovať scar e to make a person or an animal frightened: The sudden noise scared us all. vystrašiť, vydesiť stand (used in negative sentences and questions, with can/could) to not like sb/sth at all: to hate sb/sth: I can’t stand being late for work. zniesť, znášať taste to try a small amount of food or drink to see if you like it: Can I taste a piece of that cheese? ochutnať ter rify (pres part terrifying; 3rd pers sing pres terrifies; pt, pp terrified) to frighten sb very much: Spiders terrify me. adjectives: terrified, terrifying pr estr ašiť twist to bend or turn sth into a particular shape, often one it does not go in naturally; to be bent in this way: He twisted his ankle playing squash. ohnúť, vyvr tnúť vanish to disappear suddenly or in a way that you cannot explain: When he turned round, she’d vanished. zmiznúť wonder to want to know sth; to ask yourself questions about sth: I wonder what the new teacher will be like. byť zvedavý, pýtať sa sám seba, diviť sa Adjectives astonishing very surprising: His general knowledge is astonishing. udivujúci authentic that you know is real or genuine: an authentic Chinese recipe opposite: artificial pôvodný, autentický balanced keeping or showing a balance, so that different things, or different parts of things exist in equal or correct amounts: A balanced diet is important for good health. vyvážený, rovnovážny bor ed bored (with sth) feeling tired and perhaps slightly annoyed because sth is not interesting or because you do not have anything to do: I’m bored with eating the same thing every day. znudený, otr ávený
boring not at all interesting; dull nudný, nezaujímavý cheap low in price, costing little money opposite: expensive lacný dangerous likely to cause injury or damage: a dangerous animal/driver/illness nebezpečný delicious having a very pleasant taste lahodný, chutný emotional causing strong feelings: He gave an emotional speech. dojemný, emocionálny enjoyable giving pleasure: Thanks for an enjoyable evening. pr íjemný exhausted very tired vyčer paný exhausting making sb very tired: Teaching young children is exhausting work. vyčerpávajúci fantastic (informal) very good; excellent vynikajúci, fantastický fascinated very interested in sth: He was fascinated by snakes. fascinovaný fr eezing (informal) very cold ľadový, mr azivý fr esh (used especially about food) produced or picked very recently; not frozen or in a tin: fresh bread/fruit/flowers čer stvý fr ightened frightened of sb/sth afraid of a particular person, thing or situation. vystr ašený, vydesený fr ightening making you feel afraid or shocked: a frightening experience hrozivý, str ašný healthy (healthier; healthiest) helping to produce good health and keeping you free from illness: a healthy diet/lifestyle opposite: unhealthy zdravý hot (hotter; hottest) (used about food) causing a burning feeling in your mouth; spicy: a hot curry opposite: mild ostrý interesting enjoyable and entertaining; holding your attention: an interesting person/job/book zaujímavý low­fat (used about food) containing only a very small amount of fat: a low­ fat yoghurt opposite: full­ fat nízkotučný maximum as large, fast, etc as is possible, or the most that is possible or allowed: For maximum effect, do the exercises twice a day. opposite: minimum maximálny rotten (used about food) old and not fresh enough or good enough to use opposite: fresh zhnitý, zkazený sad (sadder; saddest) unhappy or causing sb to feel unhappy: a sad song smutný salty having the taste of, or including too much salt: I didn’t like the meat. It was too salty. slaný sick feeling ill in your stomach so that you may vomit (= bring food up through your mouth): I feel sick – I think it was the fish I ate. chor ý, cítiť sa špatne simple easy to do, understand or use; not difficult or complicated jednoduchý sore/:/ (used about a part of the body) painful, especially when touched: My feet were sore after walking so far. bolestivý, boľavý sor ry sorry (to see, hear, etc…) sad or disappointed: I was sorry to hear your father was ill. mr zieť sweet containing, or tasting as if it contains, a lot of sugar: The children love sweet things. opposite: savoury sladký spicy containing a substance, especially a powder,that is made from a plant and used to give flavour to food: Do you like spicy food? kor enistý tasty (tastier; tastiest) having a good flavour: a tasty mushroom sauce opposite: tasteless chutný, lahodný ter rible very bad; of poor quality: a terrible hotel/book str ašný, hrozný ter rified terrified (of sb/sth) very afraid: He’s terrified of rats. vystr ašený, vydesený ter rifying making you feel very afraid: a terrifying film hrôzostr ašný, desivý tough (used especially about meat) difficult to cut and eat opposite: tender tuhý Adver bs anyway (used to change the subject or go back to a subject being discussed before): Anyway, that’s enough about my problems. How are you? mimochodom Phrasal Verbs
get over sth to deal with a problem successfully: You’ll have to get over your fear of flying if you want to travel round the world. prekonať niečo keep on (doing sth) to continue doing sth or to repeat an action many times, sometimes in an annoying way: He keeps on interrupting me. pokr ačovať v niečom Unit 5 Nouns the atmospher e [C, usually sing] the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth or any other star, planet, etc: the earth’s atmosphere atmosféra beach [C] an area of small stones or sand beside the sea: to sit on the beach pláž blizzar d [C] a very bad storm with strong winds and a lot of snow fujavica br eeze [C] a light wind, especially a pleasant one: a summer breeze vánok, vetrík carbon dioxide [U] (symbol CO2) a gas with no colour or smell that people and animals breathe out of their lungs kysličník uhličitý christening [C] the church ceremony in the Christian religion in which a baby is given a name krst, krstiny climate [C] the normal weather conditions of a particular region: a dry/humid/tropical climate klíma, podnebie cr op [C, usually plural] all the plants that are grown on farms for food: Rice and soya beans are the main crops here. úroda desert [C,U] a large area of land, usually covered with sand, that is hot and has very little water and very few plants púšť disease [C,U] an illness of the body in humans, animals or plants: Rats and flies spread disease. chor oba drinking water [U] water that is safe to drink pitná voda drought [C,U] a long period without rain: Drought has affected many countries in Africa. sucho, obdobie sucha effect [C,U] (an) effect (on sb/sth) a change that is caused by sb/sth; a result: the effects of global warming on the climate účinok, vplyv entertainment [U,C] music, film, etc used to interest and amuse people zábava the environment [sing] the natural world, for example the land, air and water, in which people, animals and plants live: We need stronger laws to protect the environment. životné pr ostr edie event [C] a planned public or social occasion: a family event udalosť flood [C] a large amount of water that has spread from a river, the sea, etc and that covers an area which should be dry: People have been forced to leave their homes because of the floods. záplava, potopa flooding [U] a situation in which a large amount of water covers an area which should be dry: There will be heavy rain with local flooding in some areas. zaplavenie fog [U,C] a thick white cloud that forms close to the land or sea. Fog makes it difficult for us to see: Patches of dense fog are making driving dangerous. adjective: foggy hmla for est [C,U] a large area of land covered with trees les fossil fuel [C,U] a natural fuel such as coal or oil, that was formed millions of years ago from dead animals or plants in the ground: Carbon dioxide is produced in huge amounts when fossil fuels are burned. fosílne palivo gale [C] a very strong wind: Several trees blew down in the gale. víchr ica global warming [sing] the increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, caused by the increase in certain gases globálne oteplenie graduation [sing] the act of sb successfully completing a university degree or (in the US) studies at a high school verb: graduate promovanie, (am.) ukončenie str edoškolského vzdelania the greenhouse effect [sing] the warming of the earth’s atmosphere as a result of harmful gases, etc in the air skleníkový efekt greenhouse gas [C] any of the gases that are thought to cause the greenhouse effect, especially carbon dioxide skleníkový plyn
the gr ound [sing] the solid surface of the earth: We sat on the ground to eat our picnic. zem, povrch zeme guest [C] a person who is invited to a place or to a special event: wedding guests hosť heatwave [C] a period of unusually hot weather vlna teplého počasia hill [C] a high area of land that is not as high as a mountain: We live at the top of a hill. kopec hurr icane [C] a violent storm with very strong winds hurikán, ur agán ice cap [C] a layer of ice permanently covering parts of the earth, especially around the North and South Poles: the polar ice caps ľadovec island [C] a piece of land that is surrounded by water: the Greek islands ostr ov islander [C] a person who lives on a small island ostrovan lake [C] a large area of water that is surrounded by land: They’ve gone sailing on the lake. jazer o lightning [U] a bright flash of light that appears in the sky during a storm: The tree was struck by lightning during the storm. blesk mountain [C] a very high hill hor a ocean [C] one of the five major areas of salt water that cover most of the earth’s surface: the Atlantic / Pacific Ocean oceán patch [C] a part of a surface that is different in some way from the area around it: Drive carefully. Fog patches are forecast. miesto, zóna plain [C] a large area of flat land with few trees rovina,planina, nížina pollution [U] the action of making the air, water, etc dirty and dangerous: Major steps are being taken to control the pollution of beaches. znečistenie pressur e [U] (used about the weather) the force of the atmosphere on the earth’s surface: A band of high/low pressure is moving across the country. tlak river [C] a large, natural flow of water that goes across land and into the sea: the River Nile rieka rumble [C] a deep heavy sound: a rumble of thunder in the distance hr menie sea [U] the salt water that covers large parts of the surface of the earth: The sea is quite calm/rough today. mor e shower [C] a short period of rain: There’ll be a few showers later. pr ehánky spell [C] a short period of time: a sunny spell krátka doba stor m [C] very bad weather, with a lot of rain, strong winds, etc: I think there’s going to be a storm. adjective: stormy búr ka thunder [U] the loud noise that you can hear when there is a storm. Thunder can usually be heard after a flash of lightning. hrom tin can [C] a closed metal container in which food, paint, etc is stored and sold plechovka, konzerva tornado [C] (pl tornadoes) a violent storm with a very strong wind that blows in a circle tor nádo, smršť valley [C] the low land between two mountains or hills, which often has a river running through it údolie venue [C] the place where people meet for an organised event, for example a wedding miesto konania weather [U] the climate at a certain place and time, how much wind, rain, sun, etc there is and how hot or cold it is: What’s the weather like where you are? počasie weather for ecast [C] a description of the weather that is expected for the next day or next few days verb: forecast predpoveď počasia wedding [C] a marriage ceremony and often the meal or party that follows it (the reception) svadba Verbs affect to make sb/sth change in a particular way; to influence sb/sth: This disease affects the brain. ovplyvniť, mať vplyv na celebrate to do sth to show that you are happy about sth that has happened or because it is a special day: She celebrated her 90th birthday yesterday. oslavovať expand to become or to make sth bigger: The oceans are expanding. rozšíriť, zväčšiť melt to change or make sth change from a solid to a
liquid by means of heat: All the snow had melted in the sun. topiť sa rise (pt rose; pp risen) to move upwards; to become higher, stronger or to increase: The temperature has risen to nearly forty degrees. stúpať, r ásť spread to affect a larger area or a bigger group of people: The disease spread rapidly among the refugees. r ozšíriť tr ap to catch and keep or store sth: Special glass panels trap heat from the sun. zachytiť, pohltiť war n to tell sb about sth unpleasant or dangerous that exists or might happen, so that he/she can avoid it: The weatherman warned us about the possibility of flooding. var ovať wish to say that you hope sb will have sth: We wish you all the best for your future career. priať si Adjectives aggr essive ready or likely to fight or argue: an aggressive dog agresívny, útočný awful very bad or unpleasant: The weather’s been awful. str ašný, otr asný br illiant (informal) very good vynikajúci, brilantný chilly (chillier; chilliest) (used about the weather) too cold to be comfortable: Take a jumper with you. It’s a bit chilly outside. chladný, studený cool fairly cold; not hot or warm: What I’d like is a long cool drink. vlažný damp a little wet, often in a way that is unpleasant: the cold damp English climate vlhký, sychr avý dar k with no light or with very little light tmavý, temný deep going a long way down from the surface: a deep river hlboký disgusting very unpleasant nechutný, hnusný dry (drier; driest) having little or no rain: a hot, dry summer suchý environmental connected with the natural world, in which people, plants and animals live týkajúci sa životného pr ostr edia extr eme not normal or usual; serious or severe: extreme weather conditions extr émny fun amusing or enjoyable zábavný, smiešny great (informal) good; wonderful: We had a great time in Prague. skvelý heavy (heavier; heaviest) stronger or more than usual: heavy rain ťažký high above the usual or normal level or amount: high wind/temperatures vysoký, silný, extrémny humid (used about the air or the climate) warm and containing a lot of water: Hong Kong is hot and humid in summer. vlhký light not strong in amount, degree, etc: a light wind/breeze ľahký, slabý local of a particular place near you: Local flooding is expected. miestny, lokálny lovely very nice; enjoyable and pleasant prekrásny, príjemný marvellous very good; wonderful úžasný, zázr ačný miser able unpleasant; making you feel unhappy: miserable weather mizer ný, hrozný peaceful calm and quiet: a peaceful village mier ny, tichý per fect completely good; without faults or weaknesses: The holiday was perfect. dokonalý, per fektný r easonable quite good, high, big, etc but not very: The food was reasonable. prijateľný r ich (used about soil) containing the substances that make it good for growing plants in úr odný r ocky covered with or made of rocks: a rocky landscape skalistý r ude not polite hr ubý smelly (informal) having a bad smell smr adľavý steep (used about a mountain, a hill, a road, etc) rising or falling quickly; at a sharp angle str mý str essful causing worry and pressure: a stressful job stresový str ong (used about a natural force) powerful: strong wind/sun silný sunny having a lot of light from the sun: a sunny day slnečný
tr eeless without trees nezalesnený wester ly (used about the wind) coming from the west západný wet (wetter; wettest) (used about the weather) with a lot of rain daždivý widespread found or happening over a large area; affecting a large number of people: The storm caused widespread damage. ďalekosiahly windy (windier; windiest) with a lot of wind: a windy day veter ný Adverbs absolutely completely; totally: It’s absolutely freezing outside! úplne, absolútne really very; very much: I’m really tired. skutočne, veľmi Idioms all the best (informal) used when you are saying goodbye to sb and wishing him/her success: All the best for the future! všetko najlepšie the best of luck (with sth) (spoken) used to wish sb success with sth: The best of luck with your exams. veľa šťastia (the) same to you (spoken) used as an answer when sb wishes you sth:‘Have a good weekend.’ ‘The same to you.’ podobne Unit 6 Nouns accommodation [U] a place for sb to live or stay ubytovanie adventure [C] an experience or an event that is very unusual, exciting or dangerous dobrodr užstvo allowance [C] an amount of money that you receive regularly, for example from your parents vr eckové, alimenty, atď. (pravidelný pr ísun peňazí) babysitter [C] a person who looks after a child for a short time while the parents are out opatrovateľ/ka comfort [C] something that makes your life easier or more pleasant: the comforts of modern life pohodlie course [C] a complete series of lessons or studies: I’ve decided to enrol on a computer course. kur z CV [sing] curriculum vitae; a formal list of your education and work experience, often used when you are trying to get a new job životopis degree [C] an official document gained by successfully completing a course at university or college: She’s got a degree in Philosophy. univer zitný diplom desert island [C] an island, especially a tropical one, where nobody lives pustý ostrov diploma [C] a certificate that you receive when you complete a course of study, often at a college: I’m studying for a diploma in hotel management. diplom, vysvedčenie, osvedčenie employment [U] the state of having a paid job: to be in/out of employment adjective: employed zamestnanosť enthusiasm [U] a strong feeling of excitement or interest in sth and a desire to become involved in it: Jan showed great enthusiasm for the new project. adjective: enthusiastic nadšenie exam [C] (also formal examination) a written, spoken or practical test of what you know or can do: to take an exam skúška exper ience 1 [U] the things that you have done in your life; the knowledge or skill that you get from seeing or doing sth: She has five years’ work experience. 2 [C] something that has happened to you (often sth unusual or exciting): She wrote a book about her experiences in Africa. skúsenosť, zážitok exper iment [C] a scientific test that is done in order to get proof of sth or new knowledge: to carry out/do an experiment pokus, exper iment fur ther education [U] (abbr FE) education for people who have left school (but not a university) ďalšie vzdelanie gap year [C] a year between school and university when some students earn money,
travel, etc prerušenie štúdia na r ok gr ade [C] a mark that is given for school work, etc or in an exam: to get high/low grades známka higher education [U] (abbr HE) education and training at a college or university, especially to degree level vyššie vzdelanie horizons [pl] the limits of your knowledge or experience: Foreign travel is a good way of expanding your horizons. obzor, r ozhľad, r ozsah vedomosti hour s [pl] the period of time when sb is working: Employees are demanding shorter working hours. pracovná doba initiative [U] the ability to see and do what is necessary without waiting for sb to tell you: Don’t keep asking me what to do. Use your initiative. iniciatíva, podnet job [C] the work that you do regularly to earn money: She got a job as a waitress. práca, zamestnanie knowledge [U, sing] information, understanding and skills that you have gained through learning or experience vedomosti loads [pl] loads (of sth) (informal) a large number or an amount of sb/sth: She’s got loads of friends. opposite: few množstvo oppor tunity [C] a chance to do sth that you like to do; a situation or a time in which it is possible to do sth that you would like to do: I have a golden opportunity to go to America now that my sister lives there. pr íležitosť, možnosť project [C] a piece of work, often involving many people, that is planned and organised carefully: a major project to reduce pollution in our rivers pr ojekt, pr ogram qualification [C] an exam that you have passed or a course of study that you have completed: She left school at 16 with no formal qualifications. kvalifikácia, spôsobilosť quality [C] (pl qualities) something that is typical of a person or thing: Vicky has all the qualities of a good manager. vlastnosť rate [C] a fixed amount of money that sth costs or that sb is paid: What’s the hourly rate of pay? sadzba, tar ifa reference [C] a statement or letter describing a person’s character and ability that is given to a possible future employer: My boss gave me a good reference. doporučenie, r eferencia salary [C] the money that a person receives (usually every month) for the work he/she has done výplata skill [C] an ability that you need in order to do a job, an activity, etc well: management skills zr učnosť test [C] a short exam to measure sb’s knowledge or skill in sth: to do a spelling test test, skúška tr aining [U] the process of learning the skills that you need to do a job: staff training školenie undergraduate [C] a university student who has not yet taken his/her first degree vysokoškolský študent/ka volunteer [C] a person who offers or agrees to do sth without being forced or paid to do it verb: volunteer dobrovoľník wage [sing] (also wages pl) the regular amount of money that you earn for a week’s work mzda, plat work [U] the job that you do, especially in order to earn money: It’s difficult to find work in this city. práca Verbs apply (pres part applying; 3rd pers sing pres applies; pt, pp applied) apply (to sb) (for sth) to ask for sth in writing: I’ve applied for that job. podať žiadosť, žiadať o build (pt, pp built) to make sth by putting pieces, materials, etc together: to build a house stavať contact to telephone or write to sb spojiť sa, skontaktovať sa ear n to get money by working: How much does a dentist earn? zar obiť enclose to put sth in an envelope, a package, etc with sth else: I enclose my CV. pr iložiť, vložiť fail to not be successful in sth: to fail an exam opposite: pass neur obiť skúšku, prepadnúť graduate graduate (in sth) (from sth) to get a (first) degree from a university,
etc: She graduated in History from Oxford University. promovať, dosiahnuť VŠ vzdelanie pr ovide provide sb (with sb) to give sth to sb or make sth available for sb to use; to supply sth poskytnúť, zabezpečiť revise revise (for sth) to read or study again sth that you have learnt, especially when preparing for an exam opakovať (učivo) Adjectives academic connected with subjects of interest to the mind, rather than technical or practical subjects: academic subjects such as History humanitný (pr edmet) ambitious having a strong desire to be successful, have power, etc ctižiadostivý, ambiciózny fit strong and in good physical health (especially because of exercise) zdr avý, fit, v kondícii full­time for the whole of the normal period of work: He has a full­time job. na plný úväzok further more: If you need any further information, please do not hesitate to contact me. ďalšie outgoing friendly and interested in other people and new experiences spoločenský part­time for only a part of the working day or week: a part­time job čiastočný úväzok, kratšia pracovná doba temporar y lasting for a short time; not permanent: a temporary job dočasný unique not like anything else; being the only one of its type opposite: common jedinečny, or iginálny useful having some practical use; helpful užitočný vocational connected with the skills, knowledge, etc that you need to do a particular job: vocational training/qualifications odborný voluntary done or working without payment: She does voluntary work at the local hospital. dobrovoľný Adverbs abr oad in or to another country or countries: She often goes abroad on business. v cudzine Phrasal Ver bs build up to become greater, more powerful or larger in number: The pressure built up over the next few weeks. zväčšiť, vzrásť get on with sb to have a friendly relationship with sb vychádzať s niekým look after sb/sth to be responsible for or take care of sb/sth: Could you look after the children this evening? dávať pozor na look back (on sth) to think about sth in your past pozr ieť sa späť do minulosti look for sb/sth to try to find sb/sth hľadať niekoho look for war d to sth/doing sth to wait with pleasure for sth to happen: I’m really looking forward to seeing my brother again. tešiť sa na look through sth to read sth quickly rýchlo prečítať look sth up to search for information in a book: to look up a word in a dictionary vyhľadať take sth up 1 to start doing sth regularly, for example as a hobby: I’ve taken up yoga recently. 2 to start or begin sth such as a new job: He takes up his duties next week. začať r obiť pravidelne, začať robiť niečo Idioms take part (in sth) to join with other people in an activity: Everyone took part in the discussion. zúčastniť sa Unit 7 Nouns archery [U] the sport of shooting arrows lukostreľba athlete [C] a person who can run, jump, etc very well, especially one who takes part in sports competitions, etc atlét basketball [U] a game for two teams of five players. There is a net (basket) fixed to a
metal ring high up at each end of the court and the players try to throw a ball through the other team’s net in order to score points basketbal bat [C] a piece of wood for hitting the ball in sports such as table tennis, cricket or baseball: a cricket bat pálka bobsleigh [C] a racing vehicle for two or more people that slides over snow along a track boby climbing [U] the sport or activity of climbing rocks or mountains lezenie po skalách coach [C] a person who trains people to compete in certain sports: a tennis coach tr éner/ka conclusion [C] an opinion that you reach after thinking about sth carefully: I finally drew the conclusion that he did not want to be involved. záver cour t [C] an area where certain ball games are played: a tennis/squash court kurt cr icket [U] a game that is played with a bat and ball on a large area of grass (a pitch) by two teams of eleven players kriket cr owd [C, with singular or plural verb] a large number of people in one place: The crowd was/were extremely noisy. dav cubicle [C] a small room that is made by separating off part of a larger room: a toilet/shower cubicle oddelený pr iestor equipment [U] the things that are needed to do a particular activity: sports equipment výbava, výstroj fan [C] somebody who admires or is very enthusiastic about a sport, etc: football fans fanúšik giant [C] an extremely tall, strong person obor goal [C] (in football, rugby, hockey, etc) 1 the area between two posts into which the ball must be kicked, hit, etc for a point to be scored 2 a point that is scored when a ball goes into the goal br ánka, gól hockey [U] a game that is played on a field (pitch) by two teams of eleven players who try to hit a small hard ball into a goal with a curved wooden stick pozemný hokej ice hockey [U] a game that is played on ice by two teams who try to hit a small flat rubber object (a puck) into a goal with long wooden sticks ľadový hokej jet­skiing [U] the activity of travelling across water on a vehicle with an engine, like a motorcycle vodné lyžovanie kayak [C] a light narrow boat for one person, that you move through the water using a stick with a flat part at each end (a paddle) kajak legend [C] 1 an old story that may or may not be true 2 a famous person or event: a baseball legend povesť, legenda, legendárny človek lifestyle [C] the way that you live životný štýl mar athon [C] a long­distance running race, in which people run about 42 kilometres: to run a marathon mar atón medal [C] a small flat piece of metal which is given to sb as a prize in a sporting event: to win a gold/silver/bronze medal in the Olympics medaila net [sing] (in football, etc) the frame covered in net that forms the goal sieť the Olympic games [pl] an international sports competition which is organised every four years in a different country olympijské hr y pitch [C] a special area of ground where you play certain sports: a football/cricket pitch ihrisko player [C] a person who plays a game or sport hr áč/ka r acket [C] a piece of sports equipment that you use to hit the ball with in sports such as tennis raketa r itual [C] an action, ceremony or process which is always done in the same way: He always follows the same ritual. r ituál, obrad r oller coaster [C] a narrow metal track that goes up and down and round tight bends, and that people ride on in a special vehicle for fun húsenková dr áha r ugby [U] a game that is played by two teams of 13 or 15 players with a roundish ball that can be carried, kicked or thrown rugby scuba diving [U] [B. we have this as hyphenated] the sport or activity of swimming underwater using special equipment for breathing potápanie
ski­jumping [U] the sport or activity of skiing down a hill that is covered with snow, to see how far you can travel through the air before hitting the ground skoky na lyžiach sled [C] a vehicle without wheels that is used for travelling on snow. A large sled is often pulled by dogs. sánky slogan [C] a short phrase that is easy to remember and is often used in advertising or politics slogan sneaker (US) = trainer teniska snowboarding [U] the sport or activity of travelling across mountains covered in snow, on a type of board that you fasten to both feet snowboar ding spectator [C] a person who is watching an event, especially a sporting event, as it happens divák/diváčka (špor tový) str ide [C] a long step dlhý krok superstition [C,U] a belief that cannot be explained by reason or science poverčivosť team [C] a group of people who play a sport or game together against another group: Are you in/on the team? tím tennis [U] a game for two or four players who hit a ball over a net using a piece of equipment (a racket) that is held in one hand tenis tr ack [C] a piece of ground, often in a circle, for people, cars, etc to have races on: a running track dráha tr ainer [usually pl] (US sneaker) a shoe that you wear for doing sport or as informal clothing teniska viewer [C] a person who watches sth on television divák/diváčka (pri televízii) war m­up [C] a short practice or a series of gentle exercises that you do to prepare yourself for doing a particular sport or activity: warm­up exercises rozcvička, rozohr iatie Verbs beat (pt beat; pp beaten) beat sb (at sth) to defeat sb; to be better than sth: He always beats me at tennis. poraziť niekoho cheer to shout to show that you like sth or to encourage sb who is taking part in sport, etc: Everyone cheered the winner as he crossed the finishing line. povzbudzovať compete compete (in sth) (against sb) to try to win or achieve sth, or to try to do better than anyone else: The world’s best athletes compete in the Olympics. súťažiť, závodiť súťažiť, závodiť cr ash to have an accident in a vehicle; to drive a vehicle into sth: He braked too late and crashed into a tree. naraziť hit (pres part hitting; pt, pp hit) to knock a part of your body against sb/sth: to hit sb on the nose udrieť kick to hit or move sb/sth with your foot: He kicked the ball wide of the net. kopnúť lose (pt, pp lost) to not win; to be defeated: We played well but we lost 2­1. prehr ať practise to do an activity or train regularly so that you become very good at sth: If you want you be a good player, you need to practise your backhand. cvičiť, tr énovať r esume to begin again or continue after a pause or an interruption: Play resumed when the rain stopped. znova začať, pokr ačovať r oar to shout very loudly: The crowd roared when he scored in the last minute. zarevať ser ve (in tennis, etc) to start play by hitting the ball: He served two aces in that game. podať spr int to run a short distance as fast as you can špr intovať sur f to use the Internet to find out information, visit websites, etc sur fovať train to prepare yourself, especially for a sports event, by practising; to help a person to do this: I’m training for the London marathon. tr énovať Adjectives r elaxing pleasant, helping you to rest and become less worried ukľudňujúci, uvoľňujúci, relaxačný super stitious having a belief that cannot be explained by reason or science: He’s superstitious about the
trainers he wears on the day of a big match. pover čivý unlucky (unluckier; unluckiest) having or causing bad luck: Thirteen is often thought to be an unlucky number. nešťastný Adverbs extr emely very: Listen carefully because this is extremely important. nesmierne pr etty (informal) quite; fairly: I’m pretty certain he’ll agree. takmer, celkom, dosť rather quite; to some extent: It was rather expensive. trocha, akosi, dostatočne slightly a little: I’m slightly older than her. trochu spectacularly in a very great way: It was a spectacularly impressive race. efektne, dramaticky Phr asal verbs put sb off (sb/sth/doing sth) make sb not like sb/sth or not want to do sth: The accident put me off driving for ages. odradiť slip away to disappear or die: I was enjoying myself so much that the time just slipped away. utiecť, uplynúť Unit 8 Nouns beard [C] the hair which grows on a man’s cheeks and chin br ada cave [C] a large hole in the side of a cliff or hill, or under the ground jaskyňa century [C] (pl centuries) any period of 100 years: People have been making wine in this area for centuries. storočie chill
[sing] an unpleasant cold feeling: (figurative) A chill of fear ran down my spine. chlad, zima chimney sweep [C] a person whose job is to clean the inside of chimneys with a long brushes kominár coach [C] a large vehicle with four wheels pulled by horses, used in the past for carrying passengers kočiar enemy [C] (pl enemies) a person who hates and tries to harm you: They used to be friends but have become bitter enemies. nepriateľ figure [C] a person that you cannot see very clearly or that you do not know: There were two shadowy figures in the photograph. postava, silueta four­leaf clover [C] part of a small wild plant that has four leaves, instead of the three it normally has, which is thought to bring you good luck štvorlístok ghost [C] the spirit of a dead person that is seen or heard by sb who is still living: I don’t believe in ghosts. duch, pr ízrak hook [C] a curved piece of metal, etc that is usually used for hanging sth on or for catching fish: Put your coat on the hook. háčik hor seshoe [C] a U­shaped piece of metal that is fixed to the bottom of horse’s foot (hoof). Some people believe that horseshoes bring good luck. podkova inn [C] a small hotel or old pub, usually in the country pohostinstvo junk [U] things that are old or useless or do not have much value: All my furniture is just old junk. druhotr iedne veci, star é krámy ladder [C] a piece of equipment that is used for climbing up sth. A ladder consists of two long pieces of metal, wood or rope with steps fixed between them: Do you think it is unlucky to walk under ladders? rebr ík lotter y [C] (pl lotteries) a way of making money for the government, for charity, etc by selling tickets with numbers on them and giving prizes to the people who have bought certain numbers which are chosen by chance: to win the lottery lotér ia luck [U] success or good things that happen by chance: He says this necklace will bring you good luck. šťastie mist [C,U] a cloud made of very small drops of water in the air just above the
ground, which makes it difficult to see: The fields were covered in mist. adjective: misty hmla, opar motor ist [C] a person who drives a car vodič motorového vozidla moustache [C] hair that grows on a man’s top lip, between the mouth and nose fúzy pedestrian [C] a person who is walking in the street (not travelling in a vehicle) chodec resident [C] a person who lives in place: local residents miestny občan sailing [U] the sport of being in and controlling small boats with sails plavenie shadow[C] a dark shape on a surface that is caused by sth being between the light and that surface: The shadows lengthened as the sun went down. tieň sighting [C] an occasion when sb/sth is seen: There have been several sightings of the ghost. zahliadnutie the supernatur al [sing] events, forces and powers that cannot be explained by the laws of science: Do you believe in the supernatural? nadprirodzenosť thief [C] (pl thieves) a person who steals things from another person zlodej wr eck [C, usually sing] (informal) a person or thing that is in a very bad condition troska Ver bs cr eak to make the noise of wood bending or of sth not moving smoothly: The floorboards creaked when I walked across the room. zaškrípať drown to die in water because it is not possible to breathe utopiť sa drum to make a noise like a drum by hitting sth many times: to drum your fingers on the table (= because you are annoyed, impatient, etc) bubnovať groan to make a deep sad sound because you are in pain, or because you are unhappy about sth stonať guess to give the correct answer when you are not sure about it: You’ll never guess what just happened to me! uhádnuť haunt (used about a ghost or a dead person) to appear in a place regularly: The house is said to be haunted. str ašiť hunt (for sb/sth) to try to find: I was hunting around for my purse. zháňať, hladať mar ch /mA:tS/ to walk with a regular step (like a soldier): The troops marched past the building. pochodovať wander to walk somewhere slowly with no particular sense of direction or purpose: He was found in a confused state, wandering the streets. túlať sa Adjectives alar ming that makes you frightened or worried znepokojujúci, alar mujúci broad wide: a tall man with broad shoulders šir oký cor rect with no mistakes; right or true opposite: incorrect správny, bezchybný disturbed very worried or upset r ozrušený, nepokojný elder ly (used about a person) old: an elderly lady star ší, star ý elegant having a good or an attractive style: She looked very elegant in her new dress. elegantný, vkusný ghostly looking or sounding like a ghost: I saw a ghostly figure in the distance. strašidelný legal allowed by law opposite: illegal zakonný, legálny lonely (lonelier; loneliest) far from other people and places where people live: a lonely cottage on an island osamelá lucky (luckier; luckiest) 1 (used about a person) having good luck 2 (used about a thing) bringing success or good luck: a lucky number opposite: unlucky šťastný middle­aged (used about a person) being between 40 and 60 years old: a middle­ aged man v stredných rokoch muscular having large strong muscles svalnatý myster ious that you do not understand or cannot explain; strange: a mysterious light in the sky záhadný, tajuplný neat arranged or done carefully; tidy and in order: a woman of neat appearance čistý, uspor iadaný, jemný
old­fashioned usual in the past but not now: old­fashioned clothes staromódny plump (used about a person or an animal) pleasantly fat: the baby’s plump cheeks plnoštíhly polite having good manners and showing respect for others: He gave me a polite smile. opposite: impolite zdvorilý pr actical very suitable for a particular purpose; useful: a practical little car, ideal for the city opposite: impractical praktický puzzled not able to understand or explain sth: I was puzzled by his behaviour. zmätený, popletený quiet without much activity or many people: a quiet country village tichý, kľudný regular having the same amount of space or time between each thing or part: We have regular meetings every Thursday. opposite: irregular pr avidelný responsible (used about a person) that you can trust to behave well and in a sensible way opposite: irresponsible zodpovedný selfish thinking only about your own needs or wishes and not about other people’s opposite: unselfish sebecký shabby (used about people) dressed in an untidy way; wearing clothes that are in bad condition otr haný shadowy difficult to see because there is not much light: A shadowy figure was coming towards me. zatienený shocked unpleasantly surprised, offended or disgusted: I was shocked by his bad behaviour. šokovaný, vydesený skinny (skinnier; skinniest) (used about a person) too thin chudý, vyziabnutý slim (slimmer; slimmest) thin in an attractive way: a tall, slim woman štíhly strange unusual or unexpected: a strange noise zvláštny, divný, neobvyklý sur pr ised feeling or showing surprise because sth you did not expect or know about has happened: I was surprised to see John at the party. I thought he was abroad. prekvapený tidy (tidier; tidiest) (used about a person) liking to keep things in good order; neat opposite: untidy poriadkumilovný tr endy (trendier; trendiest) (informal) fashionable: trendy new clothes módny unexpected not expected and therefore causing surprise: an unexpected visit nečakaný upset worried and unhappy: He was looking very upset about something. znepokojený, r ozrušený youthful seeming younger than you are: She’s still got a youthful appearance. mladistvý Adver bs quite (used for emphasising sth) completely; very: You’re quite right. The film is awful! úplne, celkom Phr asal ver bs believe in sb/sth to be sure that sb/sth exists: Most young children believe in Father Christmas. ver iť knock sb over to hit sb and make him/her fall to the ground zraziť niekoho na zem make sth up to invent sth, often sth that is not true: to make up a story vymyslieť r un away to escape from somewhere: The couple ran away from home to get married. utiecť r un sb/sth over to hit a person or an animal with your vehicle: The child was run over as he was crossing the road. prejsť niekoho/niečo Idioms on board on a ship or an aircraft: All the passengers were safely on board. na palube Unit 9 Nouns adolescent [C] a young person who is no longer a child and not yet an adult, between the ages of about 13 and 17 dospievajúci advantage [C] advantage (of sth) something that helps you or that will bring you a good result opposite: disadvantage výhoda alien [C] a creature that comes from another planet mimozemšťan
antibiotic [C] a medicine which is used for destroying bacteria and curing infections: to take antibiotics antibiotiká ar rogance [U] the behaviour of a person who thinks he/she is better and more important than other people namyslený, arogantný astr onaut [C] a person who travels in a spacecraft astronaut astr onomer [C] a scientist who studies the sun, moon, stars, etc astronóm attachment [C] a document that you send to sb using email pr íloha (E­mailu) attack [C] an attack (on sb/sth) trying to hurt or defeat sb/sth by using force: They launched an attack on the enemy invaders. útok autobiography [C,U] (pl autobiographies) the story of a person’s life written by that person autobiografia,vlastný životopis biography [C,U] (pl biographies) the story of a person’s life written by sb else biografia, životopis CD­ROM [C] a CD which has a lot of information recorded on it. The information cannot be changed or removed. CD­ ROM communication [U] the act of sharing or exchanging information, ideas or feelings komunikácia, dor ozumievanie computer vir us [C] (pl viruses) instructions that are put into a computer program in order to stop it working properly and destroy information počítačový vírus damage [U] damage (to sth) harm or injury caused when sth is broken or spoiled: Did the storm do any damage to the crops? škoda desktop [C] a computer screen on which you see symbols (icons) showing the programs, information, etc that are available to be used pr acovná plocha počítača differ ence a difference (between A and B) [C] the way that people or things are not the same, or the way that sb/sth has changed: What’s the difference between a laptop and a palmtop? r ozdiel discover y (pl discoveries) 1 [U] the act of finding sth: the discovery of penicillin 2 [C] something that has been found: scientific discoveries verb: discover objav, nález driving test [C] a test that you have to pass before you can legally drive: I passed my driving test first time. vodičská skúška email [C,U] an electronic message that is sent from one computer to another: the system for sending these: I sent you an email yesterday. E­mail (elektr onická pošta) file [C] a collection of information or material on one subject that is stored together in a computer or on a disk, with a particular name: to open/close a file súbor floppy disk [C] a square piece of plastic that can store information from a computer: Back up your files onto a floppy disk. disketová jednotka folder [C] a collection of information or files on one subject that is stored in a computer or on a disk adr esár har d drive [C] a disk that is fixed inside a computer and is used for storing data and programs permanently pevný disk har dware [U] the machinery and electronic parts of a computer system, not the programs written for it (software) har dware (pevné časti počítača) hoax [C] a trick to make people believe sth that is not true, especially sth unpleasant: The bomb scare was a hoax. podvod, tr ik, kanadský žart the human race [sing] all the people in the world, thought of as a group ľudská r asa the Internet [sing] the international system of computers that makes it possible for you to see information from all around the world on your computer and to send information to other computers Internet invention [C] a thing that has been made or designed by sb for the first time verb: invent vynález journal [C] a newspaper or magazine, especially one in which all the articles are about a particular subject or profession: scientific journals časopis keyboard [C] the set of keys on a computer, etc klávesnica laptop [C] a small computer that is easy to carry and that
can use batteries for power prenosný počítač life [U] living things: No life was found on the moon. život link [C] a means of travelling or communicating between two places: Click on the links at the bottom of the Web page. odkaz (spojenie dvoch subjektov) matur ity [U] the state of being fully grown or fully developed dospelosť, zrelosť memory [C, U] the part of a computer where information is stored: This computer has a 640k memory/640k of memory. pamäť (počítačová) micr ochip [C] a very small piece of special material (silicon) that is used inside a computer, etc to make it work mikr očip mission a special journey made by a spacecraft or military aircraft: They’re on a mission to the moon. poslanie, misia modem [C] a piece of equipment that connects two or more computers together by means of a telephone line so that information can go from one to the other modem monitor [C] a screen that shows information from a computer monitor, obr azovka the moon [sing] the object that shines in the sky at night and that moves round the earth once every 28 days mesiac mouse [C] a piece of equipment, connected to a computer, for moving around the screen and entering commands without touching the keys: Use the mouse to drag the icon to the top. myš (počítačová) mouse mat [C] a small square of plastic that is the best kind of surface on which to use a computer mouse podložka pod myš obser vatory [C] (pl observatories) a building from which scientists can watch the stars, the weather, etc hvezdár eň, observatór ium palmtop [C] a very small computer that can be held on the flat inner surface of your hand (palm) palmtop, vreckový počítač PC [C] personal computer; a computer that is designed for one person to use at work or at home osobný počítač planet [C] a very large object in space that moves around the sun or another star planéta printer [C] a machine that prints out information from a computer onto paper tlačiar eň problem [C] a thing that is difficult to deal with or understand: the problem of global warming problém progr am [C] a set of instructions that you give to a computer so that it will do a particular task program (počítačový) response [C] an answer or reaction to sb/sth: The government acted in response to economic pressure. odpoveď, odozva scanner [C] an electronic machine that can look at, record or send images or electronic information: I used the scanner to send the document via email. skener search [C] the act of looking for information in a computer database or network: to do a search on the Internet hľadanie, vyhľadávanie softwar e [U] the programs and other operating information used by a computer: new educational software software (pr ogramové vybavenie počítača) space [U] the area which surrounds the planet Earth and the other planets and stars: space travel kozmický pr iestor speaker [C] the part of a radio or piece of musical or computing equipment that the sound comes out of repr oduktor sur face [C] the outside part of sth: the surface of the moon povrch teenager [C] a person aged between 13 and 19 years old dospievajúci telegr aph [U] a method of sending messages over long distances using wires that carry electrical signals telegr af telescope [C] an instrument in the shape of a tube with special glass inside it. You look through it to make things that are far away appear bigger and nearer teleskop text message [C] a written message that is sent from one mobile phone to another textová správa, SMS
tr auma [C] an event that causes a state of great shock or sadness: the trauma of divorce trauma, otr as the univer se [sing] everything that exists, including the planets, stars, space, etc vesmír website a place connected to the Internet, where a company, organisation, etc puts information that can be found on the World Wide Web webová stránka window[C] an area inside a frame on a computer screen that has a particular program operating in it, or shows a particular type of information: to open/close a window okno Ver bs admit (admitting; admitted) admit (that..) to agree that sth unpleasant is true or that you have done sth wrong: He admitted that he was wrong. uznať care care (about sb/sth) to be worried about or interested in sb/sth: Money is the only thing he cares about. starať sa o, mať záujem o click click (on sth) to press one of the buttons on a computer mouse: To open a file, click on the menu. kliknúť copy to make sth exactly the same as sth else: Copy the text and paste it into another document. kopír ovať cr ash to have an accident in a vehicle; to drive a vehicle into sth: He crashed into a tree. nar aziť, havarovať delete to remove sth that has been stored on a computer: Delete all the files. vymazať, odstr ániť explor e to travel around a place, etc in order to learn about it: to explore space pr eskúmať fr own to show that you are angry, serious, etc by making lines appear on your forehead above your nose mr ačiť sa invent 1 to think of or make sth for the first time 2 to say or describe sth that is not true: She had invented the whole story. vynález, vymyslieť paste to copy or move text into a document from somewhere else: This function allows you to cut and paste text. vložiť save to store information in a computer by giving it a special instruction: Don’t forget to save the file before you close it. uložiť (súbor ) shout shout (at sb) to speak to sb in a loud and angry voice kr ičať yawn to open your mouth wide and breathe in deeply, especially when you are tired or bored zívať Adjectives angry angry (with sb) feeling or showing that sb has done sth that you do not like: I’m angry with her for being late. nahnevaný global affecting the whole world: global pollution globálny, celosvetový good good at sth able to do sth well: I’m good at maths. dobrý inter ested interested (in sb/sth) wanting to know or hear more about sb/sth; enjoying or liking sb/sth majúci záujem o proud (proud of sb/sth) feeling pleased and satisfied about sth that you own or have done hr dý na worr ied worried (about sb/sth) thinking that sth bad might happen or has happened znepokojený, utrápený Phrasal ver bs come out to appear; to be published: His new book will come out in the spring. vyjsť come up with sth to find an answer or a solution to sth: She came up with an idea for increasing sales. prísť s niečím, navr hnúť niečo depend on sb/sth to be able to trust sb/sth to do sth; to rely on sb/sth závisieť na find (sth) out to get some information; to discover a fact zistiť, objaviť let sb down to not do sth that you promised to do for sb; to disappoint sb sklamať make sth up to invent sth, often sth that is not true: to make up an excuse vymyslieť si set (sth) up to start a business, an organisation, system, etc: The company has set up a new branch in Wales. založiť, uviesť do chodu shut (sth) down (used about a computer, a machine, etc)
to stop working; to switch sth off vypnúť Idioms by the way (used for adding sth to conversation) on a new subject: By the way, I saw Tom yesterday. mimochodom wow! (informal) used for expressing that you are very impressed and surprised by sth: Wow! What a fantastic car! No nie! To je úžasné! Prepositions re (written) used at the beginning of a business letter, email, etc to introduce the subject that it is about: Re: travel expenses vec (napr. v obchodnom dopise) Unit 10 Nouns advert [C] (informal) a piece of information in a newspaper, on television, a picture on a wall, etc that tries to persuade people to buy sth, to interest them in a new job, etc r eklama, inzer át airpor t [C] a place where planes can land and take off and that has buildings for passengers to wait in letisko announcement [C] a statement that tells people about sth hlásenie, oznam, spr áva balloon [C] a large balloon made of material that is filled with gas or hot air so that it can fly through the sky, carrying people in a basket underneath it balón bed and breakfast (also B&B) [C,U] a service that provides a room for the night and a meal the next morning in private houses or small hotels; a place that provides this service nocľah a r aňajky campfir e [C] an outdoor fire made by people who are sleeping outside or living in a tent táborový oheň, táborák camping [U] living in a tent, etc on holiday: to go camping kempovanie car r iage [C] one of the separate parts of a train where people sit: a first­ class carriage vozeň catalogue [C] a list of all the things that you can buy, see, etc somewhere katalóg check­in [C] 1 the act of going to a desk at an airport and telling the official that you have arrived: Allow plenty of time for check­in. 2 the place where you do this: the check­in desk r egistr ácia, odbavenie (batožiny), pr epážka (kde sa odbavuje) coach [C] a comfortable bus used for long journeys: It’s cheaper to travel by coach than by train. diaľkový autobus delay [C,U] a situation or period of time when you have to wait: Delays are likely because of heavy traffic. meškanie departur e [C,U] the act of leaving or going away from a place: departure gate/time odchod deposit [C] a sum of money which is the first payment for sth, with the rest of the money to be paid later: Once you have paid a deposit, the booking will be confirmed. záloha destination [C] the place where sb/sth is travelling to destinácia, miesto ur čenia fer ry [C] (pl ferries) a boat that carries people, vehicles or goods across a river or across a narrow part of the sea: a car ferry tr ajekt flight [C] a journey by air: They were on a night flight to Brazil. verb: fly let four­poster bed [C] a large bed with a tall post at each of the four corners, a cover at the top and curtains around the sides posteľ so štyr mi stĺpmi gate [C] the place in an airport where you get on or off a plane: Please proceed to gate 12. brána, vchod/východ (na letisku) half­boar d [U] a type of accommodation at a hotel, etc that includes breakfast and an evening meal polpenzia journey [C] the act of travelling from one place to another, usually on land: They made the journey overland to India. cesta, cestovanie motorway [C] a wide road connecting cities that is specially built for fast traffic diaľnica package holiday [C] a holiday that is organised by a company for a fixed price
that includes the cost of travel, the hotels, etc: Airport transfers are included in the package. dovolenka (všetky služby sú zahr nuté v cene) pipe [C] a tube with a small bowl at the one end that is used for smoking tobacco: to fill a pipe with tobacco fajka platfor m [C] the place where you get on or off trains at a railway station: Which platform does the York train depart from? nástupište return [C] a ticket to travel to a place and back again: Is a return fare cheaper than two singles? spiatočný lístok runway [C] a long piece of ground with a hard surface where planes land and take off at an airport pristávacia dráha sightseeing [U] visiting the places of interest in a city, etc that are usually visited by tourists: to go sightseeing návšteva pamiatok signal [C] one of a set of lights used to give information to train drivers: Trains were delayed due to a signal failure. signalizačné zar iadenie single [C] a ticket to travel to a place but not back again jednorázový lístok station [C] 1 a building on a railway line where trains stop so that passengers can get on and off: a railway station 2 a building from which buses begin and end their journeys: a bus station zastávka, stanica tent [C] a small structure made of cloth that is held up by poles and ropes. You use a tent to sleep in when you go camping stan tour [C] a tour (of/around sth) 1 a journey that you make for pleasure during which you visit many places: to go on a tour of Scotland 2 a short visit around a city, famous building, etc: a guided tour around St Paul’s Cathedral zájazd, pr ehliadka tr ack [C] the two metal rails on which a train runs: The train stopped because there was a tree on the track. trať, kolaj tr avel [U] the action of going from one place to another: air/rail travel cestovanie, cesta tr ip [C] a journey to a place and back again, either for pleasure or for a particular purpose: He went on a business trip. Have a good trip! výlet, zájazd Verbs argue argue (with sb) to say things, often angrily, to show that you do not agree with sb about sth: I never argue with my husband about money. hádať sa board to get on a plane, bus, train, etc: Flight 312 to Paris is now boarding (= ready to take passengers) at gate 43. nastúpiť, nalodiť sa depar t (formal) to leave a place, usually at the beginning of a journey: The next train departs from platform 2. odísť, odletieť enquire enquire (about sb/sth) to ask for information about sb/sth: I am writing to enquire about hotels in Prague. informovať sa o face to have your face or front pointing towards sb/sth: Can you all face the front please? stáť voči grin (grinning; grinned) to give a broad smile (so that you show your teeth) škeriť sa land to come down from the air or to bring sth to the ground: The pilot landed the plane safely. Her flight lands at 3.15 pristáť manufactur e to make sth in large quantities using machines: a local factory that manufactures cars priemyselne vyr ábať par k to leave the vehicle that you are driving somewhere for a period of time: He parked the car outside the shop. parkovať r ide (pt rode; pp ridden) 1 to sit on a horse or other animal and control it as it moves: to go horse riding 2 to sit on a bicycle, motorbike, etc and control it as it moves: She jumped on her motorbike and rode away (= went away). noun: ride jazdiť na zvier ati/vozidle tie to fix sb/sth in position with rope, string, etc: He tied the dog to the tree. viazať, priviazať Adjectives grateful feeling or showing thanks (to sb): I would be grateful if you could send me one of your brochures. vďačný in­flight happening or provided during a journey on a plane:
in­flight movies/entertainment počas letu Phr asal verbs check in to go to a desk in an airport and tell an official that you have arrived: We only had a few minutes to check in. odbaviť sa, zar egistrovať sa get in/into sth to climb into a car: We all got in and drove away. nasadnúť do get off (sth) to climb down from a bus, train, bicycle, horse, etc vysadnúť, zosadnúť get on/onto sth to climb onto a bus, train, bicycle, horse, etc: I got on just as the train was about to leave. nastúpiť hit out (at sb/sth) to attack sb/sth zaútočiť na set off to leave on a journey: We set off early in the morning. vydať sa (na cestu) take off (used about a plane) to leave the ground and start flying: The plane took off on time. vzlietnuť Idioms make your way (to/towar ds sth) to move or get somewhere ísť smer om, dostať sa with r eference to sb/sth (formal) about or concerning sb/sth: I am writing with reference to your letter of 10 April…. s odkazom na niekoho/niečo
Unit 1
answerphone segreteria telefonica
application domanda di lavoro
bathrobe accappatoio
billfold portafoglio
the chemist’s farmacia
dating agency agenzia matrimoniale
dressing gown accappatoio
drugstore farmacia
earthquake terremoto
email email
emoticon emoticon
faucet rubinetto
flag bandiera
flashlight torcia elettrica form modulo
landing card carta di sbarco lift ascensore
loneliness solitudine
memory memoria
message messaggio
Morse code alfabeto Morse
natural disaster calamità naturale
pantyhose collant
penfriend corrispondente
phone call telefonata
questionnaire questionario
repetition ripetizione
semaphore semaforo
sign language linguaggio dei segni
tap rubinetto
tights collant
torch torcia elettrica
vest canottiera
volcano vulcano
waistcoat gilé
wallet portafoglio
care interessarsi
change cambiare
destroy distruggere
dial digitare
disappear sparire
memorise memorizzare
phone telefonare
practise praticare
revise ripassare
ring telefonare
save salvare
say dire
speak parlare
survive sopravvivere
tell dire
train allenare,formare
translate tradurre
big-headed pieno di sé clever intelligente,pronto,sveglio
happy felice
kind gentile
lovely carino
scared impaurito
stupid stupido
weary affaticato
Unit 2
action film film d’azione advertisement pubblicità
ballet balletto
the big time l’apice (del successo)
comedian comico
comedy commedia
concert hall sala da concerto
confidence fiducia
discipline disciplina
dream sogno
historical epic film storico, romanzo fiume
failure fallimento
horror film film dell’orrore
musician musicista
noise rumore
record disco
subtitles sottotitoli
thriller thriller
voiceover voce fuori campo
apologise scusarsi
arrange organizzare
boo fischiare
clap applaudire
fancy avere voglia di
lose perdere
receive ricevere
succeed riuscire
ambitious ambizioso
ashamed vergognato
determined determinato
different diverso
disciplined disciplinato
embarrassing imbarazzante
enormous enorme
exciting eccitante
famous famoso
friendly amichevole
fun divertente
glamorous affascinante
hard-working industrioso
lucky fortunato
noisy rumoroso
polite gentile
poor povero
positive positivo
proud orgoglioso
romantic romantico
short basso
similar simile
skinny magro
strong forte
successful di successo
talented che ha talento
tiny minuscolo
tiring faticoso
weak debole
well built ben piantato
warmly calorosamente
Phrasal verbs
get/go nowhere portarsi a nulla
make it farcela
Unit 3 Nouns
accommodation alloggio
amenity servizi, attrattive
aunt zia
brother fratello
carer assistente domiciliare
cousin cugino
dad papà
flatmate compagno di appartamento
foster-family famiglia affidataria
grandchild nipote
grandfather nonno
grandmother nonna
husband marito
mother madre
notice avviso
only child figlio unico
peer coetaneo
pressure pressione
relative parente
rent affitto
sister sorella
uncle zio
wife moglie
bully fare le prepotenze a
envy invidiare
foster avere in affidamento
instruct dare istruzioni, dare ordini a qualcuno di
fare qualcosa
miss mancare a, sentire la mancanza di
squawk emettere striduli
swear giurare
available disponibile
caring altruista
cheerful allegro
close vicino, stretto, intimo convenient comodo
difficult difficile
heavy pesante
horrible orribile
independent indipendente
miserable deprimente
mournful triste, malinconico
patient paziente
powerful potente
relaxing rilassante
reliable affidabile
responsible responsabile
sad triste
selfish egoista
smart elegante
spoilt viziato
strict severo
thoughtful gentile, premuroso
toothless sdentato
understanding comprensivo
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Pre-Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Phrasal verbs
bring sb up allevare
fall out (with sb) litigare
get into sth entrare in, mettersi in
get on/along with sb andare d’accordo con qcn
grow up diventare grande, crescere
look after sb/sth/ yourself badare, occuparsi di,
prendersi cura di
put up with sb/sth sopportare
stay on (at…) rimanere, restare
take after sb assomigliare a tell sb off sgridare, riprendere
from this day forward da oggi in poi
get into trouble mettersi nei guai
be/make friends (with sb) farsi degli amici, fare
be no joke essere un affar serio
make sure (of sth/that…) assicurarsi che
make up your mind decidersi di fare
Unit 4
ankle caviglia
back schiena
chest petto, torace
chin mento
danger pericolo
diet dieta
ear orecchio
effect effetto
elbow gomito
evil male
eye occhio
eyebrow sopracciglio
fear paura
finger dito
foot piede
hand mano
head testa
headache mal di testa
heart cuore
knee ginocchio
lip labbra
mouth bocca
nail unghia
neck collo
nose naso
pain dolore
panic panico
plaster cerotto
pulse rate numero (di pulsazioni)
shoulder spalla
soul anima
stomach stomaco
stomach-ache mal di stomaco
thanks grazie
thigh coscia
thumb pollice
toe dito del piede
toothache mal di denti
waist vita
wrist polso
adore adorare
beat battere
break rompere
detest detestare
disappear scomparire
dislike provare antipatia per
fascinate affascinare
heal guarire
hurt fare
love amare
scare spaventare
,far paura
stand sopportare
taste assaggiare
terrify terrorizzare
twist storcere, spezzare storcendo
vanish svanire
wonder chiedersi
astonishing sorprendente
authentic autentico
balanced bilanciato
bored annoiato
boring noioso
cheap economico
dangerous pericoloso
delicious delizioso
emotional emozionante
enjoyable divertente
exhausted esausto
exhausting estenuante
fantastic fantastico
fascinated affascinato
freezing gelido
fresh fresco
frightened impaurito
frightening spaventoso
healthy sano
hot piccante
interesting interessante
low-fat magro, scremato, povero di grassi
maximum massimo
rotten marcio
sad triste
salty salato
sick malato, nauseato
simple semplice
sore infiammato, irritato, dolorante
sorry essere dispiaciuto
sweet dolce
spicy piccante
tasty saporito, gustoso
terrible terribile
terrified terrorizzato
terrifying terrificante
tough duro
anyway comunque
Phrasal Verbs
get over sth superare
keep on (doing sth) continuare a fare qualcosa,
Unit 5
the atmosphere atmosfera
beach spiaggia
blizzard bufera di neve
breeze brezza
carbon dioxide biossido di carbonio
christening battesimo
climate clima
crop raccolto
desert deserto
disease malattia
drinking water acqua potabile
drought siccità
effect effetto, risultato
entertainment intrattenimento
the environment ambiente
event avvenimento
flood inondazione, alluvione
flooding inondazione, allagamento
fog nebbia
forest foresta
fossil fuel combustibile fossile
gale vento forte
global warming riscaldamento della
temperatura terrestre
graduation cerimonia di laurea
the greenhouse effect effetto serra
greenhouse gas gas di serra
the ground terra
guest ospite
heatwave ondata di caldo
hill collina
hurricane uragano
ice cap calotta glaciale
island isola
islander isolano
lake lago
lightning fulmine
mountain montagna
ocean oceano
patch banco (di nebbia)
plain pianura
pollution inquinamento
pressure pressione
river fiume
rumble boato
sea mare
shower rovescio, temporale
spell ondata (di caldo o di freddo), schiarita
storm tempesta
thunder tuono
tin can barattolo
tornado tornado
valley valle
venue luogo in cui si svolge un evento
weather tempo
weather forecast previsione del tempo
wedding matrimonio
affect influenzare
celebrate celebrare
expand espandere
melt fondere
rise salire, aumentare
spread trasmettere, diffondersi
trap trattenere
warn avvertire
wish desiderare, augurare
aggressive aggressivo
awful terribile
brilliant splendido
chilly freddo
cool fresco
damp umido
dark buio
deep profondo
disgusting disgustoso
dry secco, asciutto
environmental ambientale
extreme estremo
fun divertente
great fantastico
heavy intenso
high forte, alto
humid umido
light leggero
local locale
lovely bello
marvellous meraviglioso
miserable deprimente
peaceful tranquillo
perfect perfetto
reasonable accettabile, passabile
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
rich generoso
rocky roccioso, pietroso
rude scortese, sgarbato
smelly puzzolente
steep ripido
stressful stressante
strong forte
sunny assolato, c’è il sole
treeless senza alberi, spoglio
westerly di ponente
wet piovoso
widespread di vaste proporzioni, diffuso
windy ventoso, tira vento
Adverbs absolutely assolutamente, completamente
really veramente
all the best migliori auguri
the best of luck buona fortuna
(the) same to you altrettanto
Unit 6
accommodation alloggio
adventure avventura
allowance sussidio, paghetta
babysitter baby-sitter
comfort comodità, conforto
course corso
CV curriculum vitae
degree laurea
desert island isola deserta
diploma diploma
employment impiego, lavoro
enthusiasm entusiasmo
exam esame
experience esperienza
experiment esperimento
further education istruzione post scolastica non
gap year anno di attesa prima di entrare
grade voto
higher education istruzione superiore
horizons orizzonte
hours orario (lavorativo)
initiative iniziativa
job lavoro
knowledge conoscenza
loads un sacco di
opportunity opportunità
project progetto
qualification titolo di studio
quality qualità
rate paga (oraria)
reference referenze
salary stipendio
skill abilità
test test
training formazione
undergraduate studente universitario
volunteer volontario
wage paga
work lavoro
apply inoltrare domanda
build costruire
contact contattare
earn guadagnare
enclose accludere
fail non passare, essere bocciato
graduate laurearsi
provide fornire
revise ripassare
academic accademico
ambitious ambizioso
fit in forma, in buona salute
full-time a tempo pieno, full-time
further ulteriore
outgoing socievole
part-time a tempo parziale, part-time
temporary a termine, temporaneo
unique unico
useful utile
vocational professionale, della formazione
voluntary volontario
abroad all’estero
Phrasal Verbs build up aumentare
get on with sb andare d’accordo con qualcuno
look after sb/sth badare, curare
look back (on sth) ricordare, ripensare
look for sb/sth cercare
look forward to sth/doing sth aspettare con
look through sth scorrere, sfogliare
look sth up cercare
take sth up darsi a, cominciare
take part (in sth) partecipare
Unit 7
archery tiro con l’arco
athlete atleta
basketball pallacanestro
bat mazza
bobsleigh bob
climbing alpinismo
coach allenatore
conclusion conclusione
court campo
cricket cricket
crowd folla
cubicle cabina, scompartimento
equipment attrezzature (sportive)
fan tifoso
giant gigante
goal goal
hockey hockey
ice hockey hockey su ghiaccio
jet-skiing acquascooter
kayak kayak
legend leggenda
lifestyle stile di vita
marathon maratona
medal medaglia
net rete
the Olympic games giochi olimpici pitch campo
player giocatore
racket racchetta
ritual rituale
rollercoaster montagne russe
rugby rugby
scuba diving fare immersioni subacquee
ski-jumping salto dal trampolino
sled slitta
slogan slogan
sneaker scarpa da ginnastica
snowboarding snowboard
spectator spettatore
stride falcata, passo lungo
superstition superstizione
team squadra
tennis tennis
track pista
trainer scarpa da ginnastica
viewer telespettatore
warm-up riscaldamento
beat vincere
cheer acclamare
compete competere
crash avere un incidente hit colpire
kick dare un calcio
lose perdere
practise esercitare, perfezionare
resume riprendere
roar ruggire, strepitare
serve servire
sprint effettuare uno sprint
surf navigare (su Internet)
train allenarsi
relaxing rilassante
superstitious superstizioso
unlucky sfortunato, che porta sfortuna
extremely estremamente
pretty abbastanza
rather piuttosto
slightly leggermente
spectacularly spettacolarmente
Phrasal verbs
put sb off scoraggiare
slip away andarsene di soppiatto
Unit 8
beard barba
cave grotta
century secolo
chill brivido, colpo di freddo
chimney sweep spazzacamino
coach pullman
enemy nemico
figure figura
four-leaf clover quadrifoglio
ghost fantasma
hook guancio
horseshoe ferro di cavallo
inn taverna, albergo
junk cianfrusaglie
ladder scala
lottery lotteria
luck fortuna
mist foschia
motorist automobilista
moustache baffi
pedestrian pedone
resident abitante, residente
sailing vela
shadow ombra
sighting dichiarazione di aver visto
the supernatural soprannaturale
thief ladro
wreck rottame
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
creak cigolare
drown affogare
drum tamburellare
groan gemere
guess indovinare
haunt infestare
hunt ricercare
march marciare
wander girovagare per
alarming allarmante
broad largo
correct corretto
disturbed turbato
elderly vecchio
elegant elegante
ghostly spettrale
legal legale
lonely solitario
lucky fortunato
middle-aged di mezza età
muscular muscolare
mysterious misterioso
neat ordinato
old-fashioned antiquato
plump grassottello
polite gentile
practical pratico
puzzled sconcertato, sconcertato
quiet tranquillo
regular regolare
responsible responsabile
selfish egoista
shabby trasandato
shadowy losco
shocked sconvolto
skinny smilzo slim snello
strange strano
surprised sorpreso
tidy ordinato
trendy trendy
unexpected imprevisto
upset turbato
youthful giovanile
quite completamente
Phrasal verbs
believe in sb/sth credere in
knock sb over buttare a terra
make sth up inventare
run away scappare
run sb/sth over investire
on board a bordo
Unit 9
adolescent adolescente
advantage vantaggio
alien alieno, extraterrestre
antibiotic antibiotico
arrogance arroganza
astronaut astronauta
astronomer astronomo
attachment allegato
attack attacco
autobiography autobiografia
biography biografia
communication comunicazione
computer virus virus informatico
damage danno
desktop desktop
difference differenza
discovery scoperta
driving test esame di guida
email email
file file
floppy disk dischetto
folder cartella
hard drive lettore del disco fisso
hardware hardware
hoax beffa, burla
the human race razza umana
the Internet Internet
invention invenzione
journal periodico
keyboard tastiera
laptop laptop
life vita
link collegamento
maturity maturità
memory memoria
microchip microchip
mission missione
modem modem
monitor monitor
the moon luna
mouse mouse
mouse mat tappetino del mouse
observatory osservatorio
palmtop computer palmtop
planet pianeta
printer stampante
problem problema
program programma
response risposta
scanner scanner
search ricerca
software software
space spazio
speaker altoparlante
surface superficie
teenager teen-ager
telegraph telegrafo
telescope telescopio
text message SMS
trauma trauma
the universe universo
website sito web
window finestra
admit confessare
care interessarsi
click cliccare
copy copiare
crash subire l’incidente d’auto
delete cancellare
explore esplorare
frown accigliarsi
invent inventare
paste incollare
save salvare
shout urlare
yawn sbadigliare
angry arrabbiato
global globale
good bravo
interested interessato
proud orgoglioso
worried preoccupato
Phrasal verbs
come out uscire
come up with sth escogitare
depend on sb/sth contare su
find (sth) out scoprire
let sb down deludere
make sth up inventare
set (sth) up mettersi (in affari), avviare
shut (sth) down fermarsi, arrestare
by the way incidentalmente
re oggetto
Unit 10
advert annuncio, pubblicità
airport aeroporto
announcement annuncio
balloon mongolfiera
bed and breakfast bed and breakfast
campfire fuoco da accampamento, fuoco di
camping campeggio
carriage carrozza
catalogue catalogo
check-in check-in
coach pullman
delay ritardo
departure partenza
deposit deposito, anticipo, cauzione
destination destinazione, meta
ferry traghetto
flight volo
four-poster bed letto a baldacchino
gate uscita, gate
half-board mezza pensione
journey viaggio
motorway autostrada
package holiday pacchetto, viaggio tutto
pipe pipa
platform binario
return biglietto di andata e ritorno
runway pista
sightseeing giro turistico
signal segnale
single biglietto di sola andata
station stazione
tent tenda
tour viaggio, giro
track rotaia
travel viaggiare
trip viaggio, giro
argue litigare
board salire a bordo
depart partire
enquire chiedere, domandare
face essere rivolto verso
grin sorridere
land atterrare
manufacture fabbricare
park parcheggiare
ride cavalcare, andare in bicicletta
tie legare
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
grateful grato
in-flight offerto durante il volo
Phrasal verbs
check in fare il check-in
get in/into salire su
get off (sth) scendere
get on/onto sth salire su hit out (at sb/sth) attaccare violentemente
set off partire
take off decollare
make your way (to/towards sth) dirigersi verso
qcs., qcn.
with reference to sb/sth in riferimento a
Matrix Pre-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Kathy Gude
with Jayne Wildman
Prˇeklad: Jaroslava Ivanová Unit 1
agency/"eIdZ@nsi/ (pl agencies) a business that
provides a particular service: a modelling
agency agentura
aim/eIm/ something that you intend to do;
a purpose: The aim of this course is to teach
you how to take good photographs. verb: aim
účel, cíl
arch/A:tS/a curved structure with straight
sides, often supporting a bridge or roof of
a large building oblouk, klenba
armadillo/%A:m@"dIl@U/(pl armadillos) an
American animal with a hard outer part (shell)
made of pieces of bone, that eats insects and
rolls into a ball if sth attacks it pásovec
armour/"A:m@/clothing, often made of metal,
that soldiers wore in past times to protect
themselves brnění
audience/"O:di@ns/(with sing or pl verb) all
the people who are watching or listening to
a play, concert, speech, television, etc
obecenstvo, posluchačstvo
billboard/"bIlbO:d/a large board near a road
or on the outside of a building, used for putting
advertisements on reklamní tabule,
plakátovací plocha
brand name/"br&nd neIm/the name given to
a product by the company that produces it
značka, značkové jméno
break/breIk/an opportunity to do sth, usually
to get sth that you want or to achieve success:
She got her big break when the company asked
her to appear in their adverts. prosazení se,
dosažení úspěchu
k&m@flA:Z/the way in which an
animal’s colour or shape matches its
surroundings and makes it difficult to see: The
polar bear’s white fur provides camouflage
against the snow. maskování, kamufláž
cosmetic surgery/kQz%metIk „s3:dZ@ri/
medical treatment that is intended to improve
a person’s appearance kosmetická operace
criticism/"krItIsIz@m/(an expression of) what
you think is bad about sb/sth verb: criticise
kritika, posouzení, posudek
diversity/daI"v3:s@ti/the wide variety of sth:
cultural and ethnic diversity různorodost
emphasis/"emf@sIs/(on sth) (giving) special
importance or attention (to sth): You should put
greater emphasis on quality rather than
quantity when you write. verb: emphasise
enlargement/In"lA:dZm@nt/the act of making
sth bigger or sth that has been made bigger: an
enlargement of a photo verb: enlarge zvětšení
eyelid/"aIlId/the piece of skin that can move
to cover your eye oční víčko
fan/f&n/(of sb/sth) somebody who admires
and is very enthusiastic about a sport, a film
star, a singer, etc fanoušek/fanynka, fanda
figure/"fIg@/the shape of the human body,
especially a woman’s body that is attractive:
She spent a fortune on cosmetic surgery to
achieve that model figure. (see also Unit 6)
postava, figura
hedgehog/"hedZhQg/a small brown European
animal with sharp things like needles (spines)
covering its back ježek
identity/aI"dent@ti/(pl identities) the
characteristics, feelings or beliefs that
distinguish people from others: a sense
national/cultural/ personal identity verb:
identify identita, ztotožnění (se)
impact/"Imp&kt/(on/upon sb/sth) an effect or
impression: I hope this anti-smoking campaign
will have an impact on young people. vliv,
lens/lenz/a curved piece of glass that makes
things look bigger, clearer, etc when you look
through it: a camera with an adjustable lens
look/lUk/a fashion or style: The shop has
a new look to appeal to younger customers.
vzezření, vzhled
mammal/"m&ml/an animal of the type that
gives birth to live babies, not eggs, and feeds its
young on milk from its own body savec
mate/meIt/one of a male and female pair of
animals, birds, etc druh/družka (jeden z páru)
negative/"neg@tIv/a piece of film from which
we can make a photograph (The light areas of
a negative are dark on the final photograph
and the dark areas are light) negativ
peacock/"pi:kQk/a large bird with beautiful
long blue and green tail feathers that it can lift
up and spread out páv(ice)
print/prInt/a photograph (printed from
a negative): I ordered an extra set of prints for
my friends. fotka, fotografie, kopie
scar/skA:/a mark on the skin that is caused by
a cut that skin has grown over jizva
security/sI"kjU@r@ti/the state of feeling safe
and being free from worry; protection against
the difficulties of life bezpečnost
shell/Sel/a hard covering that protects eggs,
nuts and some animals: Tortoises have a hard
shell. skořápka, ulita, mušle sitcom/"sItkQm/(also formal situation
comedy) a funny programme on television that
shows the same characters in different amusing
situations each week situační komedie
snapshot/"sn&pSQt/a photograph, especially
one taken quickly snímek, momentka
source/sO:s/a place, person or thing where sth
comes or starts from or where sth is obtained:
Britain’s oil reserves are an important source of
income. zdroj
spine/spaIn/one of the sharp points like
needles found on some plants and animals
stick insect/"stIk „Insekt/a large insect with
a long thin body that looks like a stick
stripe/straIp/a long narrow line of colour
proužek, pruh
supervision/%su:p@"vIZn/the state of being
watched to make sure that your work is being
done properly, or that you are behaving
correctly: Children should not play here without
supervision. verb: supervise dohled
talent/"t&l@nt/a natural skill or ability: She
has a talent for painting. talent, nadání
approve/@"pru:v/(of sb/sth) to be pleased
about sth; to like sb/sth: Her parents
don’t approve of her friends. noun: approval
schvalovat, mít rád (co/koho)
assign/@"saIn/to give sb a particular job to do
přidělit, zadat
consume/k@n"sju:m/1 to use sth such as fuel,
energy or time (s)potřebovat 2 to eat or drink
sth: Wrestlers can consume up to 10,000
calories a day. (z)konzumovat nouns:
consumption; consumer
diet/"daI@t/to try to lose weight by eating less
food or only certain kinds of food noun: diet
držet dietu
exploit/Ik"splOIt/to develop sth or make the
best use of sth: She exploits her image as a TV
cook to advertise a supermarket. noun:
exploitation využívat, uží(va)t
expose/Ik"sp@Uz/sb to sth to give sb the
chance to experience sth: I like jazz because
I was exposed to it as a child. zakusit, být
vystaven působení čeho, vystavit vlivu čeho
illustrate/"Il@streIt/to explain or make sth
clear by using examples: These statistics
illustrate the point I was making very well.
noun: illustration dokreslovat, ilustrovat,
launch/lO:ntS/to start an activity, especially an
organised one: to launch an attack on sb/sth
noun: launch spustit, zahájit, uvést v činnost
neglect/nI"glekt/to give too little or no
attention or care to sb/sth: Don’t neglect your
health. ignorovat, nedbat na, nestarat se o
opt/Qpt/for sth to choose or decide to do or
have sth after thinking about it vybrat si,
rozhodnout se
promote/pr@"m@Ut/to advertise sth in order
to increase its sales or make it popular: The
new face cream is being promoted as a miracle
cure for (zázračná léčba na/léčba čeho) wrinkles.
noun: promotion propagovat, dělat velkou
react/ri"&kt/to do or say sth because of sth
that has happened or been said reagovat
represent/%reprI"zent/to describe sb/sth in
a particular way: The king is represented as
a villain in the play. reprezentovat, představovat
survive/s@"vaIv/to continue to live or exist in
or after a difficult or dangerous situation
nouns: survival; survivor přežít, přežívat
symbolise/"sImb@laIz/to represent sth: The
deepest notes in music are often used to
symbolise danger. symbolizovat, představovat
associated/@"s@USieItId/(with sth) if one thing
is associated with another, the two things are
connected because they happen together or
one thing causes the other: the risks associated
with taking drugs spojený (s čím)
blurred/bl3:d/not clear; without a clear
outline rozmazaný, nejasný
countless/"kaUntl@s/(only before a noun) very
many: I’ve tried to phone him countless times
but he’s not there. nesčetný, mnohý
dated/"deItId/unfashionable: This sort of
jacket looks rather dated now. zastaralý, vyšlý
z módy
depressing/dI"presIN/making you feel
unhappy and without hope or enthusiasm
fake/feIk/made to look like sth else: a Jean
Paul Gaultier jacket in fake fur imitující,
falšovaný, nepravý
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
Upper-Intermediate Note: Definitions taken from the Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English
© Oxford University Press, 2000.ISBN 0 19 431516 9. glamorous/"gl&m@r@s/seeming more exciting
or attractive than ordinary things or people: the
glamorous world of show business atraktivní,
fascinující, okouzlující
identifiable/aI%dentI"faI@bl/that can be
recognised: The house is easily identifiable by
the large tree outside it. opposite:
unidentifiable rozeznatelný, rozpoznatelný
irresistible/%IrI"zIst@bl/so strong that it
cannot be stopped or prevented: an irresistible
urge to laugh neodolatelný
mature/m@"tSU@/1 fully grown or fully
developed vyspělý, vyzrálý
2 behaving in a sensible adult way opposite:
immature rozumný, dospělý
multi-cultural/%mVlti"kVltS@r@l/for or
including people of many different races,
languages, religions and traditions: We live in
a multi-cultural society. multikulturní
mysterious/mI"stI@ri@s/that you do not
understand or cannot explain; strange: Several
people reported seeing mysterious lights in the
sky. záhadný
obsessed/@b"sest/(with sth) being unable to
think about anything else posedlý
potential/p@"tenSl/(only before a noun) that
may possibly become sth, happen, be used, etc:
Wind power is a potential source of energy.
možný, potenciální
predictable/prI"dIkt@bl/1 that was or could
be expected to happen: The match had
a predictable result. předvídatelný,
2 (often negative) always behaving in a way that
you would expect and therefore rather boring
opposite: unpredictable očekávaný
rebellious/rI"belj@s/not doing what authority,
society, etc wants you to do: rebellious
teenagers vzpurný, odporující
tanned/t&nd/having a brown skin colour as
a result of being in the sun opálený
unanimous/ju"n&nIm@s/(used about
a decision, etc) agreed by everyone
vain/veIn/too proud of your own appearance,
abilities, etc: He’s so vain – he looks in every
mirror he passes. domýšlivý, namyšlený, ješitný
worthless/"w3:Tl@s/having no value or use
definitely/"defIn@tli/certainly; without doubt:
I’ll definitely consider your advice.
bezpochyby, určitě, dozajista
in conclusion/%In k@n"klu:Zn/finally; lastly
na závěr, závěrem
phrasal verbs
fall over to suddenly stop standing and drop to
the ground upadnout
fall/get behind (with sth) to fail to pay or do
sth at the right time: He’s fallen behind with his
school work again. zaostat, být pozadu (s čím)
get ahead (of sb) to make progress (further than
others have done): He soon got ahead of the
others in his class. předčit, předběhnout
go for sb/sth to choose sb/sth: I think I’ll go for
the roast chicken. vzít si, vybrat si, rozhodnout
se pro někoho/něco
go on (about sb/sth) to talk about sb/sth for
a long time in a boring or annoying way: She
went on and on (mluvila hodiny) about the
people she works with. velmi dlouho hovořit,
mluvit o; unavovat lidi mluvením o
go out (with sb) to spend time regularly with sb,
having a romantic and/or sexual relationship: Is
Fiona going out with anyone? chodit (s kým)
identify with sb/sth to support or be closely
connected with sb/sth ztotožnit se, ztotožňovat
se s kým/čím
live up to sth to be as good as expected:
Children sometimes find it hard to live up to
their parents’ expectations. žít podle (představ),
splnit očekávání
send sth out to produce sth, such as light,
a signal sound etc vyslat něco
stand for sth to be an abbreviation or symbol
for sth být zkratkou/symbolem čeho
have/play a part (in sth) to be involved in sth:
She plays an active part in local politics.
mít/hrát roli (v čem)
Unit 2
blame/bleIm/responsibility for sth bad: The
government put the blame on rising prices.
verb: blame vina, obvinění
case study/"keIs stVdi/a detailed study of
a person, group, situation, etc over a period of
time případová studie
celebration/%selI"breISn/the act or occasion of
doing sth enjoyable because it is a special day
verb: celebrate oslava
challenge/"tS&lIndZ/something new and
difficult that forces you to make a lot of effort
verb: challenge náročný úkol, výzva
cheerfulness/"tSI@fln@s/the feeling of being
happy and showing it radost, veselost, veselá
nálada, veselý pocit
confidence/"kQnfId@ns/(in sb/sth) the feeling
that you are sure about sb/sth: I had no
confidence in myself at school. důvěra
(v koho/co)
sb/sth) a public protest for or against sb/sth
verb: demonstrate demostrace, protest (proti
expectation/%ekspek"teISn/(of sth) (usually pl)
a hope that sth good will happen: The event
did not live up to my expectations. verb: expect
nuisance/"nju:sns/a person, thing or situation
that annoys you or causes you trouble:
It’s a nuisance having to queue for everything.
nesmysl, otrava
psychiatrist/saI"kaI@trIst/a doctor who is
trained to treat people with mental illness
outing/"aUtIN/a short trip for pleasure: to go
on an outing to the zoo výlet
parade/p@"reid/ an occasion when a group of
people stand or walk in a line so that people
can look at them: a military/fashion parade
pochod, přehlídka
pressure/"preS@/(to do sth) worries or
difficulties that you have because you have too
much to deal with; stress: There is great
pressure to sell as many products as possible.
relationship/rI"leISnSIp/(with sb) a friendly or
loving connection between people: to have
a relationship with sb vztah (ke komu)
temper/"temp@/if you have a temper you get
angry easily výbušná povaha, zlost, vztek
adopt/@"dQpt/to take and use sth: What
approach did you adopt when dealing with the
problem? zaujmout, přijmout, adoptovat
anticipate/&n"tIsIpeIt/to expect sth to
happen and prepare for it noun: anticipation
předvídat, anticipovat
bother/"bQD@/to disturb, annoy or worry sb:
Don’t bother Geeta with that now – she’s busy.
zlobit, otravovat
cope/k@Up/(with sb/sth) to deal successfully
with a difficult matter or situation: She
sometimes finds it difficult to cope with all the
pressure at work. vypořádat se (s kým/čím),
zvládnout (koho/co)
deny/dI"naI/(sth/doing sth) to state that sth is
not true; to refuse to admit or accept sth: She
denied telling lies. noun: denial popřít (co)
drown/draUn/to die in water because it is not
possible to breathe utopit se
fancy/"f&nsi/(sth/doing sth) to like the idea of
having or doing sth; to want sth or want to do
sth: I don’t fancy going out in this rain. mít
rád, mít zalíbení (v čem)
matter/"m&t@/(to sb) to be important: It
doesn’t matter to me (nevadí mi, je mi jedno)
that he forgot my birthday. považovat za
důležité, mít význam/závažnost (pro koho)
mind/maInd/to feel annoyed, upset or
uncomfortable about sth/sb: Do you mind
having to travel so far to work every day?
vadit, mít námitky, dělat si starosti
overwhelm/%@Uv@"welm/(usually passive) to
cause sb to feel such a strong emotion that
he/she does not know how to react: He felt
completely overwhelmed by their kindness.
ohromit, zaplavit, přemoci
persuade/p@"sweId/(sb to do sth) to make sb
do sth by giving him/her good reasons: It was
difficult to persuade Louise to change her mind.
noun: persuasion přesvědčit (někoho, aby něco
pretend/prI"tend/to behave in a particular
way in order to make other people believe sth
that is not true: He’s pretending to be hurt
because I forgot our anniversary. noun:
pretence předstírat
resent/rI"zent/to feel angry about sth because
you think it is unfair: I resent the fact that he
has been promoted over me. zazlívat, mít
za zlé, nesnášet
spoil/spOIl/(sb/yourself) to do sth special or
nice to make sb/yourself happy hýčkat,
rozmazlovat, kazit (koho/se)
stand/st&nd/(pt, pp stood) (in negative
sentences) to not like sb/sth at all; to hate
sb/sth: I can’t stand being kept waiting.
(nemoci) vystát
yell/jel/to shout very loudly, often because you
are excited, angry or in pain noun: yell ječet
conscious/"kQnS@s/(used about actions,
feelings, etc) deliberate and controlled: to make
a conscious decision vědomý
defensive/dI"fensIv/showing that you feel sb
is criticising you: When I asked him about his
promotion, he became very defensive and tried
to change the subject. defenzívní
fed up /%fed „Vp/(with sb/sth/doing sth) bored
or unhappy; tired of sth: I’mfed up with
waiting for the phone to ring.
otrávený/naštvaný (na koho/co/děláním čeho)
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
horrified/"hQrIfaId/extremely shocked,
disgusted or frightened: I was horrified by the
conditions in which they lived. zděšený
keen/ki:n/(on sb/sth) liking sb/sth very much;
very interested in sb/sth: They are both keen on
sport. (mít) velmi rád (koho/co)
meaningful/"mi:nINfl/useful, important or
interesting: Most people need a meaningful
relationship with another person. smysluplný
multi-racial/%mVlti „
reISl/including or
involving several different races of people
mnohorasový, vícerasový, mnohonárodnostní
used/ju:st/(to sth/to doing sth) familiar with
sth; accustomed to sth: I’ll never get used to
getting up so early. zvyklý, navyklý (na
co/dělání čeho)
worth/w3:T/(doing sth) used as a way of
recommending or advising: That museum’s
worth visiting if you have time. mající
cenu/smysl/hodnotu, stojící za (X má smysl
dělat/stojí za to udělat)
enthusiastically/In%Tju:zi"&stIkli/in a way
that shows you are excited and interested in sth
adjective: enthusiastic nadšeně
eventually/I"ventSu@li/in the end; finally: He
eventually managed to persuade his parents to
let him buy a motorbike. nakonec
feebly/"fi:bli/with no energy or power; weakly
adjective: feeble sotva znatelně, chabě, slabě
hurriedly/"hVrIdli/quickly: I hurriedly got up
and dressed. rychle, ve spěchu
instead/In"sted/(of sb/sth/doing sth) in the
place of sb/sth: You should play football instead
of just watching it on TV. místo (koho/čeho/
dělání čeho)
ironically/aI"rQnIkli/in a way that shows you
mean the opposite of what you say adjective:
ironic ironicky
miserably/"mIzr@bli/in an unhappy way:
I stared miserably out of the window. adjective:
miserable bídně, mizerně
smoothly/"smu:Dli/without any difficulty:
Everything ran smoothly while the boss was
away. adjective: smooth plynule, bez problému,
bezproblémově, pravidelně
steadily/"stedIli/gradually and at a regular
rate: Unemployment has risen steadily since
April 2000. adjective: steady stále, pravidelně,
phrasal verbs
end up to find yourself in a place/situation that
you did not plan or expect skončit, nalézt se
v (situaci)
get away with sth/doing sth to do sth bad and
not be punished for it: Don’t think you’re going
to get away with (že ti projde) doing what you
did! projít
get on with sb to have a friendly relationship
with sb: Do you get on well with your
colleagues? vycházet s kým
get round sb to persuade sb to do sth or agree
with sth: My father says he won’t lend me the
money but I think I can get round him.
přesvědčit koho
join in (sth/doing sth) to take part in an activity
zúčastnit se (čeho/dělání čeho), přidat se (k čemu)
put off doing sth to move sth to a later time; to
delay doing sth: She put off writing her essay
until the last minute. odložit dělání něčeho
turn (sb/sth) into sth to (cause to) become: The
magic spell turned frogs into men. (pro)měnit,
změnit (koho/co v co)
clear the air to improve a difficult or tense
situation by talking honestly about worries,
doubts, etc: I’msure if you discuss your feelings
with her it will help to clear the air between
you. zlepšit ovzduší/atmosféru/vztah
get into trouble to get into a situation which is
dangerous or in which you may be punished:
You’ll get into trouble for cheating in the exam.
dostat se do problémů
get rid of sb/sth to make yourself free of sb/sth
that is annoying you or that you do not want; to
throw sth away: Let’s get rid of that old chair.
zbavit se koho/čeho
go wrong 1 to make a mistake (u)dělat chybu/y
2 to experience difficulties: Their relationship
started to go wrong when they moved abroad.
zhoršovat se, zhoršit se
in spite of (sth/doing sth) used to show that sth
happened although you did not expect it: In
spite of revising for weeks, she failed her exam.
navzdory, přesto
be no good (doing sth) to be of no use or
value: It’s no good standing here in the cold.
Let’s go home. nemít cenu/smysl
it’s no use (doing sth) used to say that there is
no point in doing sth because it will not be
successful or have a good result: It’s no use
worrying about it. nemá to cenu, je to zbytečné
lose your temper to become very angry ztratit
trpělivost, přestat se ovládat, rozčilit se
take sth too far to continue doing sth beyond
reasonable limits přehnat něco
Unit 3
access/"&kses/a way of entering or reaching
a place: The police gained access to his
personal files. přístup
archive/"A:kaIv/a collection of historical
documents, etc, which show the history of
a place or an organisation; the place where
they are kept archív
the bottom line/%bQt@m „
laIn/the most
important thing to consider or accept when you
are discussing or deciding sth, etc: A musical
instrument should look good but the bottom
line is how it sounds. nejdůležitější věc
broadcast/"brO:dkA:st/a radio or television
programme: The next news broadcast is at 10
o’clock. rozhlasové/televizní vysílání
broadsheet/"brO:dSi:t/a newspaper printed
on a large size of paper, generally considered
more serious than smaller newspapers noviny
velkého formátu
channel/"tS&nl/ 1 a television station:
What’s on Channel 4 tonight? kanál
2 a band of radio waves used for sending out
radio or television programmes:
satellite/terrestrial channels pásmo
chat show/"tS&t S@U/a television or radio
programme on which well-known people are
invited to talk about themselves druh
zábavního pořadu, televizní nebo rozhlasová
circulation/%s3:kj@"leISn/the number of
copies of a newspaper, magazine, etc that are
sold each time it is produced: This newspaper
has a circulation of over a million. náklad
columnist/"kQl@mnIst/a journalist who writes
regular articles in a newspaper or magazine
coverage/"kVv@rIdZ/the act or amount of
reporting on an event in newspapers, on
television, etc: This channel offers in-depth
coverage of world news. verb: cover referování,
zpravodajství, reportáž, množství/obsáhlost
current affairs/%kVr@nt @"fe@z/important
political or social events that are happening at
the present time aktuální události, aktuality
documentary/%dQkju"mentri/a film or
television or radio programme that gives facts
or information about a particular subject: Did
you see that documentary on genetic
engineering? dokumentární pořad
editorial/%edI"tO:ri@l/an article in
a newspaper, usually written by the head of the
newspaper (editor), giving an opinion on an
important subject úvodník
factor/"f&kt@/one of the things that influences
a decision, situation, etc: Depression was
a common factor in these case studies. faktor
feature/"fi:tS@/(on sth) a newspaper or
magazine article or television programme
about sth verb: feature nejzajímavější článek
v časopise, hlavní program v televizi nebo
foreign correspondent/%fQr@nkQr@"spQnd@nt/
a person who reports on news from a particular
country for a newspaper, radio or television
station zahraniční komentátor/ka,
gossip column/"gQsIp kQl@m/a part of
a newspaper or magazine where you can read
about the private lives of famous people
společenská rubrika
halt/hO:lt/a stop (that does not last very long):
Work came to a halt when the machine broke
down. přerušení
headline /"hedlaIn/ 1 the title of a newspaper
article, printed in large letters above the story
2 the headlines the main items of news read on
television or radio (stručný) přehled zpráv
host/h@Ust/a person who introduces
a television or radio show and talks to the
guests: a chat show host moderátor/ka,
insight/"InsaIt/(into sth) an understanding of
what sb/sth is like: The book gives us an insight
into how these people live. pochopení (čeho),
vhled (do čeho)
item/"aIt@m/a single piece of news: There was
an interesting item about Spain in yesterday’s
news. zpráva
media/"mi:di@/television, radio and
newspapers used as a means of communication:
Reports in the media have been greatly
exaggerated. média
point/pOInt/(of/in sth/doing sth) the meaning,
reason or purpose of sth: There’s no point in
talking to my parents – they never listen.
smysl, význam, příčina
press/pres/(usually the press) newspapers and
the journalists who work for them: The story
has been reported on TV and in the press. tisk
quiz show/"kwIz S@U/a competition or game
on television in which people try to answer
questions to test their knowledge televizní
kvíz, soutěžní pořad
search engine/"s3:tS endZIn/a program on
a computer that looks for information on the
Internet vyhledávač
set/set/a piece of equipment for receiving
television or radio signals: We are experiencing
some interference. Please do not adjust your set.
rozhlasový/televizní přijímač
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
slogan/"sl@Ug@n/a short phrase that is easy to
remember and that is used in politics or
advertising slogan
soap opera/"s@Up Qpr@/(also informal soap)
a story about the lives and problems of a group
of people which continues several times a week
on television or radio televizní seriál
spirits/"spIrIts/the state of mind of sb/sth: to
be in high/low spirits (= in a happy/sad mood)
tabloid/"t&blOId/a newspaper with small
pages, a lot of pictures and short articles,
especially about famous people bulvární
noviny, plátek
trivia/"trIvi@/unimportant matters, details or
information triviálnosti, (nepodstatné) maličkosti
allocate/"&l@keIt/(sth to/for sb/sth) to give sth
to sb as his/her share or to decide to use sth for
a particular purpose: The government has
allocated half the budget to education. noun:
allocation přidělit, věnovat
ban/b&n/(sb from doing sth) to officially say
that sth is not allowed, often by law noun: ban
zakázat (komu dělat co)
break/breIk/(used in journalism) if a story
breaks or a newspaper breaks a story, then it
becomes or is made known: The tabloids were
the first to break the story. uvést/sdělit zprávu
(jako první)
devote/dI"v@Ut/(yourself/sth to sb/sth) to give
a lot of time, energy, etc to sb/sth: Several
pages of the newspaper were devoted to reports
of the royal wedding. noun: devotion věnovat
(se/co komu/čemu)
establish/I"st&blIS/to start or create an
organisation, a system, etc: The school was
established in 1875. založit, ustanovit
gather/"g&D@(r)/(used about people) to come
or be brought together in a group: The
protesters gathered in the town square.
shromáždit (se)
maintain/meIn"teIn/to keep sth in good
condition by checking and repairing it regularly:
The house is large and expensive to maintain.
noun: maintenance udržovat, starat se o
regard/rI"gA:d/(sb/sth/yourself as sth) to think
of sb/sth/yourself in the way mentioned: Do
you regard yourself as a thorough worker?
považovat (koho/co/se za co)
represent/%reprI"zent/to act or speak in the
place of sb else; to be the representative of
a group or country: It’s an honour for an
athlete to represent his or her country.
reprezentovat, představovat, zastupovat
current/"kVr@nt/of the present time;
happening now: current events/fashions
běžný, současný, aktuální
edgy/"edZi/nervous, worried or quick to
become upset or angry podrážděný, neklidný,
interactive/%Int@r"&ktIv/(used in computing)
involving direct communication both ways,
between the computer and the person using it:
interactive computer games interaktivní
numb/nVm/not able to feel anything: My
fingers were numb with cold. necitlivý, ztuhlý,
restless/"restl@s/unable to relax or be still
because you are bored, nervous or impatient
sensationalist/sen"seIS@n@lIst/(used about
a newspaper, etc) getting your interest by
presenting facts or events as worse or more
shocking than they really are: sensationalist
news stories senzacechtivý
according to/@"kO:dIN t@; (before vowels tu:;
tu/) as stated by sb; as shown by sth: According
to Mick, it’s a brilliant film. (po)dle
phrasal verbs
key sth in to put information into a computer
or give it an instruction by typing: First, key in
your password. vložit informaci, zadat
look sth up to search for information in a book
or on the Internet vyhledat něco
track sb/sth down to find sb/sth after searching
for him/her/it nalézt, vystopovat někoho/něco
all in all when everything is considered: All in
all it had been a great success. celkem vzato
in print published in a book, newspaper, etc.
v tisku, černé na bílém
without (a) doubt definitely; certainly: It was,
without doubt, the coldest winter for many
years. bezpochyby
Unit 4
acid rain/%&sId „reIn/rain that has chemicals
in it from factories, etc and that causes damage
to trees, buildings and rivers kyselý déšť
anorak/"&n@r&k/a short coat with a covering
for your head that protects you from rain, wind
and cold větrovka, bunda s kapucí
ash/&S/the grey or black powder which is left
after sth has burned: volcanic ash popel
the atmosphere/"&tm@sfI@/the mixture of
gases that surrounds the earth or any other star,
planet, etc: the earth’s atmosphere atmosféra,
avalanche/"&v@lA:nS/a very large amount
of snow that slides quickly down the side of
a mountain lavina
axe/&ks/a tool with a wooden handle and
a heavy metal head with a sharp edge, used for
cutting wood, etc: an ice axe sekera
binoculars/bI"nQkj@l@z/an instrument with
two glass parts (lenses) which you look through
in order to make objects in the distance seem
nearer dalekohled
campaign/k&m"peIn/a plan to do a number
of things in order to achieve a special aim: an
advertising/election campaign verb: campaign
captivity/k&p"tIv@ti/the state of being kept
in a place that you cannot escape from: Wild
animals are often unhappy in captivity. verb:
capture zajetí
cheetah/"tSi:t@/a large wild cat with black
spots that can run very fast gepard
compass/"kVmp@s/an instrument for finding
direction, with a needle that always points
north: They had to find their way back to the
camp using a map and a compass. kompas
conservation/%kQns@"veISn/the protection of
the natural world: Conservation groups are
protesting against the plan to build a road
through the forest. verb: conserve péče
o ochranu přírody
contribution/%kQntrI"bju:Sn/(to/toward sth)
something that you give, especially money or
help, or do together with other people verb:
contribute příspěvek
coral reef/"kQr@l ri:f/a line of rock in the sea
formed by a hard red, pink or white substance
from the bones of very small sea animals
korálový útes
crater/"kreIt@/the hole in the top of a volcano
ecosystem/"i:k@UsIst@m/all the plants and
animals in a particular area considered together
with their surroundings ekosystém
famine/"f&mIn/a lack of food over a long
period of time in a large area that can cause
the death of many people hladomor
first aid/%f3:st "eId/medical help that you give
to sb who is hurt or ill before the doctor arrives:
a first aid kit/course první pomoc
flare/fle@/a thing that produces a bright light
or flame, used especially as a signal: a rescue
flare záře, světlice, světelná raketa, signální
food chain/"fu:d tSeIn/a series of living
creatures in which each creature eats the one
below it in the series potravinový řetězec
habitat/"h&bIt&t/the natural home of a plant
or an animal: I’ve seen wolves in the zoo, but
not in their natural habitat. přirozené
prostředí, místo výskytu, habitat, domov
handler/"h&ndl@/a person who trains and
controls animals, especially dogs cvičitel/ka
the homeless/"h@Uml@s/people who have no
home bezdomovci
jungle/"dZVNgl/a thick forest in a hot tropical
country: the jungles of Africa and South
America džungle
lava/"lA:v@/hot liquid rock that comes out of
a volcano láva
oil slick/"OIl slIk/an area of oil that floats on
the sea, usually after a ship carrying oil has
crashed ropná skvrna
operation/%Qp@"reISn/an organised activity
that involves many people doing different
things: A rescue operation (záchranná operace)
was mounted to find the missing children.
operace, akce
orangutan/O:%r&Nu:"t&n/an animal like
a large monkey with no tail (ape), with long
arms and reddish hair, that lives in Borneo and
Sumatra orangutan
outskirts/"aUtsk3:ts/the parts of a town or
city that are furthest from the centre: They live
on the outskirts of Athens. předměstí
postgraduate/%p@Ust"gr&dZu@t/a person who
is doing further studies at a university after
taking his/her first degree postgraduální
release/rI"li:s/the freeing of sb/sth or the
state of being freed: The release of the hostages
(rukojmích) took place this morning. verb:
release propuštění, puštění na svobodu
shelter/"Selt@/protection from danger or bad
weather: to give somebody food and shelter
úkryt, přístřeší
snowboarding/"sn@UbO:dIN/the sport of
moving over snow on a long wide board
(a snowboard) snowboarding
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
starvation/stA:"veISn/suffering or death
because there is not enough food: to die of
starvation verb: starve hladovění
status/"steIt@s/your social or professional
position in regard to other people: The new job
gave him much more status. společenské
postavení, společenská vážnost/prestiž
superstar/"su:p@stA:/a singer, film star, etc
who is very famous and popular super hvězda,
survival/s@"vaIvl/the state of continuing to
live or exist, often in spite of difficulty or
danger: the fight for survival verb: survive
tornado/tO:"neId@U/(pl tornadoes) a violent
storm with a very strong wind that blows in
a circle tornádo
assure/@"SU@/to promise sb that sth will
certainly happen or be true, especially if he/she
is worried: I assure you that it will be safe.
noun: assurance ujistit, ubezpečit
erupt/I"rVpt/(used about a volcano) to
explode and throw out fire, rock that has
melted (lava), etc vyb(o)uchnout
misunderstand/%mIsVnd@"st&nd/(pt; pp
misunderstood) to understand sth wrongly:
I misunderstood the instructions and answered
too many questions. špatně porozumět,
owe/@U/(sth to sb/sth) to feel that you should
do sth for sb or give sth to sb, especially
because he/she has done sth for you: I owe a lot
of money to Katrina. dlužit (něco komu/čemu)
preserve/prI"z3:v/to keep sth safe or in good
condition: They’ve managed to preserve most
of the wall paintings in the caves. noun:
preservation uchovat, konzervovat
rehabilitate /%ri:@"bIlIteIt/to help sb to live
a normal life again after an illness, being in
prison, etc noun: rehabilitation rehabilitovat,
vyléčit rehabilitací
suffer/"sVf@/(from sth) to experience sth
unpleasant, for example pain, sadness,
difficulty, etc: Mary often suffers from extreme
headaches. trpět, strádat (čím)
charming/"tSA:mIN/very pleasing or attractive:
a charming old church kouzelný, rozkošný
convinced/k@n"vInst/(not before a noun)
completely sure about sth: He’s convinced of
his ability to win. přesvědčený
dramatic/dr@"m&tIk/(used about a person,
a person’s behaviour, etc) showing feelings, etc
in a very obvious way because you want other
people to notice you: Calm down. There’s no
need to be so dramatic. dramatický, teatrální,
budící dojem
extinct/Ik"stINkt/(used about a type of
animal, plant, etc) no longer existing: Tigers are
nearly extinct in the wild. vyhynulý
faint-hearted/%feInt „hA:tId/lacking
confidence and not brave; afraid of failing: He
tried not to appear faint-hearted. bázlivý,
marine/m@"ri:n/(only before a noun)
connected with the sea and the creatures and
plants that live there: marine life mořský,
materialistic/m@%tI@ri@"lIstIk/believing that
money and possessions are the most important
things in life noun: materialism
materialistický, materialisticky založený
over-priced/%@Uv@"praIst/too expensive;
costing more than it is worth předražený
priceless/"praIsl@s/of very great value:
priceless jewels and antiques nesmírně cenný
solitary/"sQl@tri/(used about a person or an
animal) enjoying being alone; frequently
spending time alone samotářský
subconscious/%sVb"kQnS@s/connected with
feelings that influence your behaviour even
though you are not aware of them: the
subconscious mind podvědomý
tight-fisted/%taIt „fIstId/not wanting to spend
or give much money lakotný
welcome/"welk@m/(to sth/do sth) allowed to
do sth: You’re welcome to use my bicycle.
(Klidně si můžete půjčit mé kolo.) vítaný,
povzbuzovaný (k čemu/udělat co)
well-off/%wel „
Qf/rich; having a lot of money
majetný, bohatý, zámožný, prosperující
worthy/"w3:Di/that should receive respect,
support or attention: a worthy cause
zasluhující si úctu, podporu, obdiv
phrasal verbs
book sb in/into sth to arrange a room for sb at
a hotel, etc in advance: I’ve booked you into
the George Hotel. zamluvit, objednat
někomu/někde ubytování
butt in (on sb/sth) to interrupt sb/sth or to join
in sth without being asked: I’msorry to butt in
but could I speak to you urgently for a minute?
vpadnout (někomu/něčemu) do řeči, přerušit
come up with sth to find an answer or solution
to sth: Engineers have come up with new ways
of saving energy. přijít na co, vynalézt, nalézt
finish sb/sth off to kill sb/sth; to be the thing
that makes sb unable to continue: The cat
played with the mouse before finishing it off.
zabít, dorazit koho/co
give sth away to give sth to sb without wanting
any money in return: We are giving away a free
CD with this month’s issue. rozdat, darovat,
dát zadarmo
help (sb) out to help sb in a difficult situation;
to give money to help sb vypomoci, podat
(někomu) pomocnou ruku
pick sth up 1 to go and get sb/sth; to collect
sb/sth: I have to pick up my jacket from the
cleaner’s. vyzvednout, zvednout
2 to receive an electronic signal, sound or
picture chytit, najít
start off to begin to move or to begin
hapenning: I’d like to start off by welcoming
you all to Leeds. začít, odstartovat, rozjet
as far as sth goes… to a limited degree, usually
less than is satisfactory: It’s a good plan as far
as it goes, but there are a lot of things they
haven’t thought of. do určité míry
come a long way to have made a lot of
progress: We’ve come a long way since the early
days of the project. učinit značný pokrok
lose your touch to lose a special skill or ability
ztratit schopnost, dovednost
Never mind!Don’t worry. It doesn’t matter
Nevadí. Nedělej si starosti. To nevadí.
Not on your life!used to refuse very firmly to
do sth Ne. Za nic na světě. Určitě ne. V žádném
Not to worry!it is not important; it does not
matter Nedělej si starosti. Netrap se.
Too bad!used to show that nothing can be
done to change a situation To je hloupé/
Well done!used to show admiration for sth sb
has done Výborně!
What a pity/shame!used to say that sth is
a cause for feeling sad or disappointed To je
with regard (to sb/sth) concerning sb/sth: The
company’s position with regard to overtime is
made clear in their contracts. vzhledem
ke komu/čemu), týkající se (koho/čeho)
Unit 5
ancestor/"&nsest@/a person in your family
who lived a long time before you předek,
athlete/"&Tli:t/a person who can run, jump,
etc very well, especially one who takes part in
sports competitions, etc atlet/ka
belief/bI"li:f/a feeling that sb/sth is true,
morally good or right, or that sb/sth exists verb:
believe víra
breakdown/"breIkdaUn/a time when
a vehicle, machine, etc stops working havárie,
porucha, defekt
breakthrough/"breIkTru:/an important
discovery or development: Scientists are hoping
to make a breakthrough in cancer research.
průlom, vědecký objev
bug/bVg/(the … bug) a sudden interest in sth
such as a sport or hobby: They’ve been bitten
by the golf bug. nadšení, podlehnutí vášni,
virus, nákaza
cash till/"k&S tIl/the machine or drawer
where money is kept in a shop etc pokladna
courtyard/"kO:tjA:d/an area of ground,
without a roof, that has walls or buildings
around it, for example in a castle or between
houses and flats dvůr, dvorek, nádvoří
criticism/"krItIsIz@m/(an expression of) what
you think is bad about sb/sth verb: criticise
dedication/%dedI"keISn/wanting to give your
time and energy to sth because you feel it is
important: I admire her dedication to her
career. oddanost
destination/%destI"neISn/the place where
sb/sth is going cíl cesty
distribution/%dIstrI"bju:Sn/the way sth is
shared out; the pattern in which sth is found:
the distribution of wealth in a society sdílení,
rozdělení, distribuce, roznáška
drawback/"drO:b&k/a disadvantage or
a problem nedostatek
expedition/%eksp@"dISn/a long journey for
a special purpose: a scientific expedition to
Antarctica. expedice, výprava
flavour/"fleIv@/the taste (of food): ten
different flavours of ice cream příchuť
jigsaw /"dZIgsO:/a picture on cardboard or
wood that is cut into small pieces and has to be
fitted together again obrázková skládačka,
loan/l@Un/money, etc that sb/sth lends you:
to take out a bank loan půjčka
monolith/"mQn@lIT/ a large single standing
block of stone, especially one that was put
there by people living in ancient times monolit (stavební prvek/stavba z jediného kusu
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
motive/"m@UtIv/a reason for doing sth, often
sth bad: The police discovered a motive for the
murder. motiv, příčina
myth/mIT/an idea or story which many
people believe but that does not exist or is false
mýtus, pověra
paperwork/"peIp@w3:k/the documents that
need to be prepared, collected, etc in order for
a piece of business to be completed: Have you
completed all the necessary paperwork?
podklady; papírování, administrativa,
peak/pi:k/the pointed top of a mountain
performance/p@"fO:m@ns/the act of taking
part in a play, singing, dancing, etc in front of
an audience; something that you perform
účinkování, představení
puncture/"pVNktS@/a small hole made by
a sharp point, especially in a bicycle or car tyre
defekt, píchnutí, proražení
record/"rekO:d/the best performance or the
highest or lowest level, etc ever reached in sth,
especially in sport rekord
rejection/rI"dZekSn/a refusal to accept sb/sth:
There has been a total rejection of the new
policy. verb: reject odmítnutí
resolve/rI"zQlv/strong determination to
achieve sth: The difficulties in her way merely
hardened her resolve. pevné předsevzetí,
rozhodnutí, odhodlání
role/r@Ul/the position or function of sb/sth in
a particular situation: Parents often play a vital
role (důležitou roli) in their children’s education.
role, funkce, postavení
role model /"r@Ul mQdl/a person that you
admire and try to copy příklad (hodný
následování), idol
stereotype/"steri@taIp/a fixed idea about
a particular type of person or thing, which is
often not true in reality stereotyp, stereotypní
summit/"sVmIt/the highest point of sth,
especially a mountain vrchol, jednání/setkání
na nejvyšší úrovni
terrain/t@"reIn/land of the type mentioned:
mountainous/steep/rocky terrain terén
tip/tIp/a small piece of useful advice about
sth practical: She gave me some fashion tips.
tip, návrh
triplet/"trIpl@t/one of three children or
animals that are born to one mother at the
same time trojče, trojčata
approach/@"pr@UtS/to speak to sb, usually in
order to ask for sth: I’mgoing to approach my
bank manager about a loan. jednat s kým
audition/O:"dISn/(sb) (for sth) to give or watch
sb give a short performance to find out if
he/she is good enough to be in a play, show, etc
vyzkoušet umělce při konkurzu, účastnit se
konkurzu jako porotce
capture/"k&ptS@/to take control of sth: The
town was captured by rebels. zmocnit se silou,
uchvátit, držet
deserve/dI"z3:v/to earn sth, either good or
bad, because of sth that you have done: We’ve
done a lot of work and we deserve a break.
zasloužit si
encompass/In"kVmp@s/to surround or cover
sth completely: The fog soon encompassed the
whole valley. zachvátit, zahrnout, obsahovat
go backpacking/%g@U"b&kp&kIN/to go
walking or travelling with your clothes, etc in
a large bag, often on a metal frame, that you
carry on your back cestovat (pěšky nebo
různými dopravními prostředky) s batohem
na zádech, vandrovat, čundrovat
graduate/"gr&dZueIt/to get a (first) degree
from a university, etc: She graduated in History
from Cambridge University. noun: graduation
ukončit/absolvovat univerzitní studium (obvykle
ukončené bakalářskou nebo magisterskou státní
závěrečnou zkouškou)
hallucinate/h@"lu:sIneIt/to see or hear sth
that is not really there (because you are ill or
have taken a drug) mít halucinace, blouznit
handle/"h&ndl/(~ sb/sth) to deal with or to
control sb/sth: I have a problem with an
employee. I don’t really know how to handle
her. zacházet, jednat (s kým/čím), zvládnout
hesitate/"hezIteIt/to pause before you do sth
or before you take a decision, usually because
you are uncertain or worried: He hesitated
before going into the room. (za)váhat
paraphrase/"p&r@freIz/to express sth again
using different words so that it is easier to
understand parafrázovat, vyjádřit opisem
pop/pQp/to suddenly appear, especially when
not expected: An idea suddenly popped into my
head. zjevit se, objevit se náhle
raise/reIz/1 to get money from people for
a particular purpose: We are doing a sponsored
walk to raise money for charity. získat
2 to look after a child or an animal until
he/she/it is an adult: You can’t raise a family
(založit si rodinu) on what I earn. vychovávat,
držet si
resume/rI"zu:m/to begin again or continue
after a pause or interruption znovu začít,
awful/"O:fl/(informal) very great: We’ve got an
awful lot (velmi mnoho/hrozně moc) of work to
do. hrozný, strašný, nesmírný
blindfolded/"blaIndf@UldId/with your eyes
covered se zavázanýma očima
broke/br@Uk/having no money švorc,
na mizině, bez peněz
dedicated/"dedIkeItId/giving a lot of your
time and energy to sth because you feel that it
is important: She’s dedicated to her children.
demanding/dI"mA:ndIN/(used about a job,
task, etc) needing a lot of effort, care, skill, etc:
It will be a demanding schedule – I have to go
to six cities in six days. náročný
determined/dI"t3:mInd/(to do sth) having
firmly decided to do sth or to succeed, even
if it is difficult: He is determined to leave
school, even though his parents are against
it. noun: determination odhodlaný,
disturbing/dI"st3:bIN/making you worried or
upset: I found the film about Aids very
disturbing. zneklidňující, varovný, rušivý
dual/"dju:@l/having two parts; double: to
have dual nationality dvojí, dvojitý,
fluent/"flu:@nt/(in sth) able to speak or write
a foreign language easily and accurately: After
a year in France she was fluent in French.
plynulý (v čem), plynule ovládající (co)
formidable/"fO:mId@bl/1 causing you to be
quite frightened hrozivý
2 difficult to deal with; needing a lot of effort:
Reforming the education system will be
a formidable task. nesnadný
frustrating/frV"streItIN/making you feel
annoyed or impatient because you cannot do or
achieve what you want frustrující, znechucující
jubilant/"dZu:bIl@nt/extremely happy,
especially because of a success nesmírně
šťastný, vítězoslavný, triumfující
knackered/"n&k@d/(informal) extremely tired:
I was knackered after the game. úplně/zcela
leisurely/"leZ@li/without hurry: a leisurely
Sunday breakfast poklidný, neuspěchaný
marathon/"m&r@T@n/lasting a long time and
needing a lot of effort: Climbing the mountain
was a marathon task. maratónský, nekonečný,
nesmírně dlouhý
nasty/"nA:sti/very bad or unpleasant: When
she was asked to leave she got nasty. hrozný,
příšerný, nepříjemný
novelty/"nQvlti/different and unusual;
intended to be amusing and to catch
people’s attention neotřelý, nezvyklý, jiný
outstanding/aUt"st&ndIN/extremely good;
excellent: The results in the exams were
outstanding. vynikající
sociable/"s@US@bl/enjoying being with other
people; friendly opposite: unsociable
towering/"taU@rIN/extremely tall or high and
therefore impressive: towering cliffs/mountains
tyčící se, vypínající se do výšky
work-shy/"w3:k SaI/not wanting to work; lazy
štítící se práce, líný
leisurely/"leZ@li/without hurry: Do it leisurely!
poklidně, beze spěchu
logistically/l@"dZIstIkli/connected with the
practical organisation that is needed to make
a complicated plan successful when a lot of
people and equipment are involved logisticky,
obratně organizovat něco složitého
phrasal verbs
add (sth) up to find the total of several
numbers: The waiter hadn’t added up the bill
correctly. sečíst, spočítat (něco)
back sb/sth up to support sb; to say or show
that sth is true: I’mgoing to say exactly what
I think at the meeting. Will you back me up?
podporovat (někoho/něco)
blow up to explode or be destroyed in an
explosion: The car blew up when the door was
opened. explodovat, vybouchnout
break up (used about events that involve a group
of people) to end or finish: The meeting broke
up just before lunch. skončit, ukončit
deal with sb to treat sb in a particular way; to
handle sb: He’s a difficult man. Nobody quite
knows how to deal with him. jednat s kým
dress up to put on formal clothes, usually for
a special occasion: You don’t need to dress up
for the party. obléci se formálně/slavnostně,
vyšňořit se
fall back on sb/sth to go to sb for support; to
have sth to use when you are in difficulty:
I have a little money in the bank to fall back
on. spolehnout, spoléhat se na koho/co
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
fit sb/sth in/into to find time to see sb or to do
sth: You’re tired because you’re trying to fit too
much into one day. vtěsnat, nacpat, zvládnout,
zařadit do programu koho/co v/za
lay sth down to give sth as a rule: It’s all laid
down in the rules of the club. stanovit,
formulovat, určit co
pick sb/sth up to go and get sb/sth; to collect
sb/sth in a car, etc: What time are you picking
the children up from school? vyzvednout
pile up (usually used about sth bad) to increase
in quantity: Work usually piles up at this time
of year. (na)hromadit (se)
set out to leave on a journey vydat se/vyrazit
na cestu
set (sth) up to start a business, an organisation,
system, etc: She set up a language school in
Spain. založit, začít, ustanovit něco
settle down to sth to start doing sth which
involves all your attention: Before you settle
down to work, could I ask you something?
pustit se do něčeho
take off (used about an idea, a product, etc) to
become successful or popular very quickly or
suddenly ujmout se, uchytit se, začít mít úspěch
be dying to do sth to want sth/to do sth very
much: I’mdying to go for a swim in the sea.
chtít něco mermomocí udělat
get cracking to start doing sth immediately:
I have to finish this job today, so I’d better get
cracking. hodit sebou, koukat dělat
give sb a hard time to make a situation
unpleasant, embarrassing or difficult for sb:
They really gave me a hard time at the
interview. podat si někoho, potrápit někoho
loads (of sth) a lot (of sth): There are loads of
things to do in London in the evenings.
spousta (čeho)
make sense (to do sth) (used about an action)
to be sensible and logical (to do sth): I think it
would make sense to wait for a while before
making a decision. dávat/mít smysl (něco
as a matter of fact… to tell the truth; in reality:
I like him very much, as a matter of fact.
ve skutečnosti, abych se přiznal
nowhere near (as many/much as) far from
(as many/much as): We’ve sold nowhere near as
much (zdaleka jsme neprodali tolik …) stock as
last year. daleko od, zdaleka ne
sort of (informal) rather; in a way: I’d sort of like
to go, but I’mnot sure. docela, svým způsobem
street cred (= street credibility) a way of
behaving and dressing that is acceptable to
young people, especially those who live in cities
and have experienced the problems of real life:
Those clothes do nothing for your street cred.
pouliční důvěryhodnost, přijatelnost určitého
způsobu chování a oblékání pro mladou
Unit 6
nouns alien/"eIli@n/a creature that comes from
another planet mimozemšťan/ka
archaeologist/%A:ki"Ql@dZIst/a person whose
job is to study the past, based on objects or
parts of buildings that are found in the ground
barrel/"b&r@l/a large, round, wooden, plastic
or metal container for liquids, that has a flat
top and bottom and is wider in the middle:
a beer/wine barrel sud, soudek
basement/"beIsm@nt/a room or rooms in
a building, partly or completely below ground
level suterén
cabin/"k&bIn/a small room in a ship or boat,
where a passenger sleeps kajuta
cargo/"kA:g@U/(pl cargoes) the goods that are
carried in a ship or aircraft náklad
conflict/"kQnflIkt/a fight or an argument
konflikt, střet, hádka
corpse/kO:ps/a dead body, especially of
a person mrtvola, mrtvé tělo
costume/"kQstju:m/a set or style of clothes
worn by people in a particular country or in
a particular historical period: dressed in 17th
century costume kroj
crew/kru:/all the people who work on a ship,
aircraft, etc posádka
crop circle/"krQp s3:kl/a circular area in
a field of crops that has suddenly become flat:
People say that crop circles were made by
creatures from outer space. obrazce v obilí
(obvykle ve tvaru kruhu)
deck/dek/one of the floors of a ship or bus:
I’mgoing out on deck for some fresh air.
doorstep/"dO:step/a step in front of a door
outside a building: He was standing on the
doorstep. schod přede dveřmi
draught/drA:ft/a flow of cold air that comes
into a room: Can you shut the door?
There’s a draught in here. průvan
encounter/In"kaUnt@/an unexpected (often
unpleasant) meeting or event: I’ve had a lot of
close encounters (= situations which could have
been dangerous) with bad drivers. verb:
encounter zážitek, zkušenost, událost
enquiry/In"kwaI@ri/(pl enquiries) a question
that you ask about sth: Police have been
making enquiries into the woman’s
disappearance. dotaz
entrepreneur/%Qntr@pr@"n3:/a person who
makes money by starting or running businesses,
especially when this involves taking financial
risks podnikatel/ka
evidence/"evId@ns/the facts, signs, etc that
make you believe that sth is true: There was no
evidence of a struggle in the room. důkaz,
extraterrestrial/%ekstr@t@"restri@l/a creature
that comes from another planet
figure/"fIg@/a person that you cannot see very
clearly or that you do not know: There were two
shadowy figures in the photo that I did not
recognise. postava, obrys postavy
flaw/flO:/(in sth) a mistake in sth that makes it
not good enough or not function as it should:
There are some flaws in her argument. chyba,
závada, defekt (v čem)
formation/fO:"meISn/a number of people of
things in a particular shape or pattern
formace, útvar
foundation/faUn"deISn/a layer of bricks, etc
under the surface of the ground that forms the
solid base of a building. základy
fraud/frO:d/(an act of) cheating sb in order to
get money, etc illegally podvod, lest, uvedení
v omyl
fumes/fju:mz/smoke or gases that smell
unpleasant and that can be dangerous to
breathe in výfukové plyny
gadget/"g&dZIt/a small device, tool or
machine that has a particular but usually
unimportant purpose: This car has all the latest
gadgets. vymoženost, důmyslný přístroj,
šikovná věcička
hallucination/h@%lu:sI"neISn/seeing or
hearing sth that is not really there (often
because you are ill or have taken a drug)
inhabitant/In"h&bIt@nt/a person or animal
that lives in a place verb: inhabit obyvatel/ka
instrument/"Instr@m@nt/something that is
used for measuring speed, distance,
temperature, etc in a car, plane or ship měřící
legend/"ledZ@nd/an old story that may or
may not be true legenda
lifeboat/"laIfb@Ut/a small boat that is carried
on a large ship and that is used to escape from
the ship if it is in danger of sinking záchranný
local/"l@Ukl/a person who lives in a particular
place domorodec, místní obyvatel/ka
lodging/"lQdZIN/a room or rooms in
sb’s house where you can pay to stay
mansion/"m&nSn/a very large house panské
sídlo, velký obytný dům
the paranormal/%p&r@"nO:ml/events or
subjects that cannot be explained by science or
reason and that seem to involve mysterious
forces nevysvětlitelné přírodní úkazy
party/"pA:ti/a group of people who are
working, travelling, etc together skupina lidí,
phantom/"f&nt@m/the spirit of a dead person
that is seen or heard by sb who is still living;
a ghost fantom, duch
porter/"pO:t@/a person whose job is to be in
charge of the entrance of a hotel or other large
building vrátný/á, portýr
provisions/pr@"vIZnz/supplies of food and
drink, especially for a long journey zásoby
quarters/"kwO:t@z/rooms that are provided
for soldiers, servants, etc to live in kasárna,
runaway/"rVn@weI/a person, especially
a child, who has left or escaped from
somewhere uprchlík/uprchlice, utečenec
sail/seIl/a large piece of strong material that
is fixed onto a ship or boat (The wind blows
against the sail and moves the ship along)
sceptic/"skeptIk/a person who doubts that
sth is true, right, etc skeptik/skeptička
sighting/"saItIN/an occasion when sb/sth is
seen: a reported sighting of the Loch Ness
monster zahlédnutí, spatření
site/saIt/a place where sth has happened: the
site of a famous battle místo
suspect/"sVspekt/a person who is thought to
be guilty of a crime: The suspects are being
questioned by the police. podezřelý/á
sword/sO:d/a long, very sharp weapon, like
a large knife meč
suspense /s@s"pens/the feeling of excitement
or worry that you have when you feel sth is
going happen, when you are waiting for news,
etc: Don’t keep us in suspense. Tell us what
happened. napětí
temple/"templ/a building where people pray
to a god or gods chrám
tornado/tO:"neId@U/a violent storm with
a very strong wind that blows in a circle
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
UFO/%ju: ef „@U/an unidentified flying object
UFO, létající talíř
whirlwind/"w3:lwInd/a very strong circular
wind that forms a tall column of air moving
round and round in a circle as it travels across
the land or sea vzdušný vír, smršť, tornádo
wreckage/"rekIdZ/the broken pieces of sth
that has been destroyed: Investigators searched
the wreckage of the plane for evidence. trosky
assure/@"SU@/to promise sb that sth will
certainly happen or be true, especially if he/she
is worried: I assure you that it is perfectly safe.
noun: assurance ujistit
behead/bI"hed/to cut off sb’s head, usually as
a punishment setnout, stít hlavu
board/bO:d/to get on a plane, ship, bus, etc:
We waved goodbye and boarded the ship.
nalodit se
drag/dr&g/to pull sb/sth along with difficulty:
The box was so heavy that we had to drag it
across the floor. táhnout, vléci
excavate/"eksk@veIt/to dig in the ground to
look for old objects or buildings that have been
buried for a long time noun: excavation
vykopávat, vykopat, kopáním odkrývat
reveal/rI"vi:l/to make sth known that was
secret or unknown before: The truth was finally
revealed. odhalit, vyjevit
scan/sk&n/(used about a machine) to
examine what is inside a person’s body or
inside an object such as a suitcase: Machines
scan all the luggage for weapons. bedlivě
prohledat, prohlížet, pečlivě zkoumat
shift/SIft/to move or be moved from one
position or place to another: She shifted
uncomfortably in her chair. pohnout (se),
sink/sINk/(pt sank; pp sunk) to go down
under the surface of liquid or a soft substance:
If you throw a stone into water, it sinks.
potopit se
stress/stres/to give sth special force or
attention because it is important: He stressed
that it wasn’t our fault. zdůraznit
unload/%Vn"l@Ud/to take things that have
been transported off or out of a vehicle vyložit
witness/"wItn@s/to see sth happen and be able
to tell other people about it later: to witness
a murder být svědkem, vidět na vlastní oči
casual/"k&Zu@l/(used about clothes) not
formal: I change into casual clothes after work.
běžný, každodenní
cramped/kr&mpt/not having enough space:
Hundreds of people were living in terribly
cramped conditions. stěsnaný, omezený
deserted/dI"z3:tId/empty, because all the
people have left opuštěný
disembodied/%dIsIm"bQdid/separated from
the body: disembodied spirits odhmotněný,
odtělesněný, zbavený tělesnosti
disposable/dI"sp@Uz@bl/made to be thrown
away after being used once or for a short time:
a disposable nappy/razor jednorázový, na
jedno použití
grotesque/gr@U"tesk/strange or ugly in
a way that is not natural groteskní
haunted/"hO:ntId/(used about a building)
believed to be visited by ghosts: a haunted
house strašidelný
idle/"aIdl/not wanting to work hard; lazy
lethal/"li:Tl/that can cause death or great
damage: a lethal weapon/drug smrtelný,
smrtící, vražedný
maritime/"m&rItaIm/connected with the sea
or ships: a maritime disaster námořní
massive/"m&sIv/very big: huge masivní,
mohutný, rozsáhlý
prominent/"prQmIn@nt/sticking out from sth:
prominent eyes/ears výrazný, vyčnívající, velmi
random/"r&nd@m/done, chosen, etc without
sb thinking or deciding what is going to happen
first: the random killing of innocent people
scruffy/"skrVfi/dirty and untidy: scruffy jeans
ubohý, otrhaný
severe/sI"vI@/extremely bad or serious: severe
weather conditions krutý, drsný, nepříznivý
smart/smA:t/(used about a person) having
a clean and tidy appearance: You look smart.
Are you going somewhere special? elegantní,
steep/sti:p/(used about a hill, a mountain,
etc) rising or falling quickly; at a sharp angle
suspicious/s@"spIS@s/that makes you feel that
sth is wrong, dishonest or illegal: We became
suspicious of his behaviour and alerted the
police. podezřelý, podezíravý, nedůvěřivý
unsolved/%Vn"sQlvd/without an answer or
explanation having been found for sth: an
unsolved mystery/murder nedořešený,
vital/"vaItl/1 very important or necessary:
vital information nesmírně důležitý
2 full of energy; lively živý, vitální
appallingly/@"pO:lINli/very badly; terribly
děsivě, strašně, úděsně
indefinitely/In"defIn@tli/for a period of time
that has no fixed end: The meeting was
postponed indefinitely. na neurčito
phrasal verbs
break up to separate into parts: The ship broke
up on the rocks. rozbít se, rozlomit se
build sth up to create or develop sth (vy)stavět
něco, dát něco dohromady
carry out sth to do a task, a repair, etc: to carry
out tests/an investigation provést, provádět,
dělat něco
find (sth) out to get some information; to
discover a fact: I later found out that Will had
been lying to me. zjistit (něco)
leave sth behind to go away from a place
without taking sth with you: She left her glasses
behind last time she stayed with us.
zapomenout něco, něco někde nechat
look into sth to study or try to find out sth; to
investigate: Police are looking into the matter.
zkoumat, vyšetřovat něco
make for sth to move towards a particular
place: He was making for the door when the
police caught him. blížit se k čemu
make sb/sth out to be able to see or hear
sb/sth: I could just make out a shadowy figure
in the background. rozeznat někoho/něco
meet with sth to get a particular answer,
reaction or result: to meet with success/
failure/disaster potkat se s čím, zažít co
run into sb to meet sb by chance: I ran into
Pete on my way to the butcher’s. narazit
na někoho
run into sth to enter an area of bad weather
while travelling: We ran into thick fog on our
way home. přijít do čeho, narazit na co
stand up to sth to remain valid, etc even when
tested, examined closely, etc: It was brave of
her to stand up to those bullies. vyrovnat se,
postavit se čemu, snášet co
turn out to be sth to be in the end: The house
they had promised us turned out to be a tiny
flat. ukázat se, vyjít najevo
warn sb off to tell sb to leave or stay away from
sb/sth, especially in a threatening way
odstrašit někoho, varovat někoho
on board on a ship or an aircraft: All the
passengers were safely on board. na palubě
on/off duty (used about doctors, nurses, police
officers, etc) to be working/not working: The
porter’s on duty from 8 till 4. (mít/nemít)
put sb/sth to the test to do sth to find out how
good, strong, etc sb/sth is otestovat si
set foot (in/on sth) to visit, enter or arrive at/in
a place: No woman had ever set foot in the
temple. vkročit (do čeho/na co)
take shape to start to develop well: Plans to
expand the company are beginning to take
shape. začít mít jasné obrysy/jasnou podobu
things that go bump in the night used to refer
to ghosts and other supernatural things that
cannot be explained věci, které začnou
vyrážet/bujet v noci
Unit 7
alternative/O:l"t3:n@tIv/(to sth) one of two or
more things that you can choose between: What
can I eat as an alternative to meat?
alternativa, jedna z možností
capsule/"k&psju:l/the part of a spaceship, etc
in which people travel kabina
character/"k&r@kt@/a person in a book, story,
etc: The main character in the film is a boy who
meets and alien. postava
clay/kleI/heavy earth that is soft and sticky
when it is wet and becomes hard when baked
or dried: clay pots hrnčířská hlína
coincidence/k@U"InsId@ns/two or more
similar things happening at the same time by
chance, in a surprising way náhodná shoda
craftsman/"krA:ftsm@n/(pl craftsmen)
a person who makes things skilfully, especially
with his/her hands řemeslník/řemeslnice
critic/"krItIk/a person whose job is to give
his/her opinion about a play, book, film, etc
isolation/%aIs@"leISn/the state of being
separate and alone; the act of separating sth:
He lived in complete isolation from the outside
world. izolace
landmark/l&ndmA:k/an object (often
a building) that can be seen easily from
a distance and will help you to recognise where
you are: Big Ben is one of the landmarks on
London’s skyline. význačný bod v krajině,
orientační bod
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
landslide/”l&ndslaId/the sudden fall of
a mass of earth, rocks, etc down the side of
a mountain sesuv/sesouvání půdy, lavina
notion/"n@USn/something that you have in
your mind; an idea: I had a vague notion that
I had seen her before. představa, pojem,
plot/plQt/the series of events which form the
story of a novel, film, etc: The play had a weak
plot. zápletka
plus/plVs/an advantage of a situation plus,
recognition/%rek@g"nISn/a public show of
respect for sb’s work or actions: She has
received international recognition for her
services to charity. verb: recognise uznání
review/rI"vju:/a newspaper or magazine
article, or an item on the television or radio, in
which sb gives an opinion on a new book, film,
play, etc: The film got bad reviews. verb: review
rioting/"raI@tIN/violent behaviour by a crowd
of people in a public place, often as a protest:
Rioting broke out in the capital today. verb: riot
nepokoj(e), protest(y)
sequel/"si:kw@l/(to sth) a book, film, etc that
continues the story of the one before
pokračování, následující část
setting/"setIN/the place and time at which the
action of a play, novel, etc take place: short
stories with a contemporary setting umístění,
settlement/"setlm@nt/a place that a group of
people have built and live in, where few or no
people lived before: There is believed to have
been a prehistoric settlement on this site.
source/sO:s/a place, person or thing where sth
comes or starts from or where sth is obtained:
Television is a great source of entertainment.
storyline/"stO:rilaIn/the series of events in
a book, film, play, etc linie příběhu, děj
superiority/su:%pI@ri"Qr@ti/behaviour that
shows that you think you are better than other
people: an air/a sense of superiority
upbringing/"VpbrININ/the way a child is
treated and taught how to behave by his/her
parents: a strict upbringing verb: bring up
values/"v&lju:z/beliefs about what is the right
and wrong way for people to behave; moral
principles hodnoty, žebříček hodnot
adapt/@"d&pt/to change a book or play so
that it can be made into a play, film, television
programme, etc: The film was adapted from
a novel. noun: adaptation adaptovat,
broaden/"brO:dn/to increase your experience,
knowledge, etc: Travel broadens your horizons.
carve/kA:v/to make objects, patterns, etc by
cutting away material from wood or stone: The
statue was carved out of a single piece of stone.
vyřezat, vytesat
convey/k@n"veI/to make ideas, feelings, etc
known to sb: The film conveys a powerful
message. nést, sdělit, vyjádřit
dive/daiv/to swim under the surface of the
sea, a lake, etc: I’mhoping to go diving on
holiday. potápět se, potopit se
eliminate/I"lImIneIt/to remove sb/sth that is
not wanted or needed odstranit
emerge/I"m3:dZ/to appear or come out from
somewhere: A man emerged from the shadows.
noun: emergence náhle se objevit, vynořit se
extend/Ik"stend/to cover the area or period
of time mentioned: The company is planning to
extend its operations into Asia. noun: extension
rozšířit, expandovat
fathom/"f&D@m/(usually in the negative) to
understand sth: I can’t fathom what he means.
dostat se na kloub, pochopit
inspire/In"spaI@/to give sb the idea for sth,
especially sth artistic or imaginative: His novel
was clearly inspired by his childhood
experiences. inspirovat
label/"leIbl/(sb/sth as sth) to describe sb/sth in
a particular way, especially unfairly označit
(něco/někoho jako něco)
pile/pail/to put things one on top of another;
to form a pile: The clothes were piled high on
the chair. (na)kupit (na hromadu, do sloupce)
reveal/rI"vi:l/to make sth known that was
secret or unknown before: The police finally
revealed the truth about the murder. zveřejnit,
set/set/to make the action of a book, film
play, etc take place in a particular time,
situation, etc: The film is set in 16th century
Spain. zasadit, odehrávat se
settle/"setl/to go and live permanently in
a new country, area, town, etc: Many
immigrants have settled in this country. usadit
suspend/s@s"pend/to stop or delay sth for
a time: In the theatre we willingly suspend
disbelief (= temporarily believe that the
characters, etc are real). přerušit, pozastavit,
transport/tr&n"spO:t/1 to take sb/sth from
one place to another in a vehicle převézt,
dovézt, přetransportovat
2 to make sb feel that he/she is in a different
place, time or situation: The book transports
you to another world. přenést, zavést noun:
unwind/%Vn"waInd/to relax, especially after
working hard uvolnit se
action-packed/"&kSn p&kt/full of exciting
events and activity: an action-packed film plný
affirmative/@"f3:m@tIv/expressing agreement
or strong support for sth souhlasný
amusing/@"mju:zIN/causing you to laugh or
smile zábavný
anecdotal/%&nIk"d@Utl/based on short,
interesting or amusing stories about real people
or events and possible not true or accurate
obsahující anekdoty, plný anekdot, nepříliš
anonymous/@"nQnIm@s/done, written, etc by
sb who does not want his/her name to be
known or made public anonymní
involved in or enjoying arguments and
disagreements vyhledávající spory, hádavý,
bizarre/bI"zA:/very strange: The story had
a bizarre ending. bizarní, zvlášní, neobvyklý
compelling/k@m"pelIN/that makes you pay
attention to it because it is so interesting and
exciting: a compelling plot přesvědčivý
crucial/"kru:Sl/extremely important; vital
nesmírně důležitý
daring/"de@rIN/involving or taking risks;
brave: a daring attack odvážný
exotic/Ig"zQtIk/unusual or interesting
because it comes from a different country or
culture: exotic fruit/food/plants exotický
gripping/"grIpIN/exciting; holding your
attention: a gripping film/book uchvacující
inconvenient/%Ink@n"vi:ni@nt/causing trouble
or difficulty, especially when it affects sth that
you need to do: It’s a bit inconvenient at the
moment – could you phone back later?
nevhodný, nehodící se
intrigued/In"tri:gd/very interested in sth/sb
and wanting to know more about it/him/her:
I’mintrigued to know what you thought of the
film. velmi zaujatý, fascinovaný
oblivious/@"blIvi@s/(to/of sb/sth) not noticing
or realising what is happening around you: She
was oblivious to all the noise around them.
nedbající, nestarající se (o koho/co)
spine-chilling/"spaIn tSIlIN/frightening in an
exciting way: a spine-chilling horror story
(horror, při kterém běhá mráz po zádech/který
nahání husí kůži), hrůzostrašný, děsivý,
nahánějící husí kůži
vital/"vaItl/very important or necessary
role/r@Ul/the position or function of sb/sth in
a particular situation: Parents often play a vital
role (důležitou roli) in their children’s education.
role, funkce
fairly/"fe@li/quite; not very: He is fairly tall.
profoundly/pr@"faUndli/very greatly; deeply:
I was profoundly relieved to hear the news.
hluboce, nesmírně
quite/kwAit/1 not very; to a certain degree:
The film’s quite good. docela
2 (used for emphasising sth) completely; very:
Are you quite sure you don’t mind? úplně,
phrasal verbs
chase sb off to force sb to run away: Chase the
dog off the lawn. zahnat, vyhnat někoho
z čeho/odkud
die out to stop happening or disappear: The use
of horses on farms has almost died out in this
country. vymizet, vymřít, vytratit se
draw sb into sth to involve sb or make sb take
part in sth, although he/she may not want to
take part at first: She was painfully shy but he
gradually drew her into conversation.
vtáhnout, zatáhnout koho do čeho
give sth/sb away to show or tell the truth about
sth/sth which was secret: He smiled politely and
didn’t give away his real feelings. prozradit
koho, dát najevo něco
hang around to stay in or near a place not
doing very much poflakovat se, potloukat se,
postávat, okounět
hang out to spend a lot of time in a place: The
local kids hang out at the shopping mall.
pobývat, zdržovat se
take off to leave a place, especially in a hurry:
When he saw me coming, he took off in the
opposite direction. rychle se vzdálit
wipe sth out to destroy sth completely: Whole
villages were wiped out in the bombing raids
(v době leteckých náletů). vyhladit
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
a change of heart a change in your opinion or
the way that you feel změna názoru/postoje
be beyond sb to be impossible for sb to
understand or imagine: Why she wants to go
and live there is beyond me. být k nepochopení
(pro někoho), nemoci pochopit
be in tune (with sb/sth) to be in agreement
with sb/sth; to have the same opinions,
feelings, interests, etc as sb/sth: These proposals
are perfectly in tune with our own thoughts on
the subject. souhlasit (s kým/čím)
make your/a mark (on sth) to become famous
and successful in a particular area proslavit se
on behalf of sb for sb; as the representative for
sb: On behalf of all my colleagues, I’d like to
thank you. jménem koho pro koho, jako
reprezentant/představitel koho
for a start used to emphasise your first reason
for sth: ‘Why can’t we go on holiday?’ ‘Well, for
a start we can’t afford it.’ zaprvé, předně
take sb’s word for it to believe what sb says
without any proof (u)věřit komu
within earshot near enough to hear sb/sth or to
be heard: As she came within earshot of the
group, she heard her name mentioned.
v doslechu, na doslech
Unit 8
aptitude/"&ptItju:d/(for sth) natural ability or
skill: She has an aptitude for learning
languages. vloha, nadání (k čemu)
carbon monoxide/%kA:b@n m@"nQksaId/
a poisonous gas. Motor cars produce a lot of
carbon monoxide. kysličník uhelnatý
claustrophobia/%klO:str@"f@Ubi@/fear of being
in a small or enclosed space klaustrofobie,
strach z malého/uzavřeného prostoru
commitment/k@"mItm@nt/(to sth) being
prepared to give a lot of your time and
attention to sth because you believe it is right
or important: I admire his commitment to
protecting the environment. věrnost, oddanost
curiosity/%kjU@ri"Qs@ti/a desire to know or
learn zvědavost, touha po vzdělání
decade/"dekeId/a period of ten years
detector/dI"tekt@/a machine that is used for
finding or noticing sth: a smoke/metal/lie
detector detektor
discord/"dIskO:d/disagreement or argument
nesoulad, spor
division/dI"vIZn/(between sb/sth)
a disagreement or difference of opinion
between sb/sth nesouhlas, rozdíl, nejednota,
era/"I@r@/a period of time in history (that is
special for some reason: We are living in the era
of the computer. éra, doba
galaxy/"g&l@ksi/(pl galaxies) a large group of
stars and planets in space galaxie
gene/dZi:n/a unit of information inside a cell
which controls what a living thing will be like
(Genes are passed from parents to children)
highway/"haIweI/(especially US) a main road
(between towns) hlavní silnice, dálnice
kerosene/"ker@si:n/(US) a type of oil that is
burned to produce heat or light petrolej
maternity leave/m@"t3:n@ti li:v/a period of
time when a woman temporarily leaves her job
to have a baby: to be on maternity leave
mateřská dovolená
microchip /"maIkr@UtSIp/a very small piece
of a special material (silicon) that is used inside
a computer, etc to make it work mikročip
might/maIt/great strength or power: I pushed
with all my might but the rock didn’t move.
moc, obrovská síla
nature/"neItS@/the basic qualities of a thing:
the changing nature of society charakter, ráz,
orbit/"O:bIt/a curved path taken by a planet
or another object as it moves around another
planet, star, moon, etc: a space station in orbit
round the moon oběžná dráha
pace/peIs/the speed at which you walk, run,
etc or at which sth happens: He increased his
pace as he got closer to home. tempo, rychlost
pedestrian/p@"destri@n/a person who is
walking in the street (not travelling in a vehicle)
puzzle/"pVzl/a game or toy that makes you
think a lot: a jigsaw puzzle (obrázková skládačka,
puzzle) skládačka, puzzle
reference/"refr@ns/a statement or letter
describing a person’s character or ability that is
given to a possible future employer: I had to
supply two references before they gave me the
job. doporučení
retail/"ri:teIl/the selling of goods to the public
in shops, etc: She works in retail. maloobchod,
prodej v drobném
sensor/"sens@/a device that can react to light,
heat, pressure, etc in order to make a machine,
etc do sth or show sth: an infrared sensor
čidlo, snímač, senzor
shuttle/"SVtl/a spacecraft designed to be used,
for example, for travelling between the earth and
a space station raketoplán, kyvadlová doprava
sidewalk/"saIdwO:k/(US) the hard flat area at
the side of a road for people to walk on; the
pavement chodník
space/speIs/the area which surrounds the
planet Earth and the other planets and stars:
space travel vesmír
term/t3:m/1 a word or group of words with
similar meanings: a technical term in
computing termín
2 a period of time into which a school or
university year is divided semestr, pololetí
3 a period of time for which sth lasts: The US
president is in his first term of office. funkční
terminal/"t3:mInl/a piece of equipment,
usually consisting of a keyboard and a screen,
that joins the user to a central computer system
počítačový terminál
vision/"vIZn/a picture in your imagination: He
has a vision of a world without weapons.
představa, vize
wastage/"weIstIdZ/the fact of losing or
destroying sth, especially because it has been
used carelessly: This lack of jobs has resulted in
a huge wastage of talent. plýtvání
baste/beIst/to pour fat or juices over meat, etc
while it is cooking podlévat (tukem nebo šťávou)
blaze/bleIz/to be extremely bright; to shine
brightly: Even at that time of night, every light
in the house was blazing. planout, plápolat,
colonise/"kQl@naIz/to take control of another
country or place and send people from your
own country to live there noun: colony
kolonizovat, osídlit, usadit se
commercialise/k@"m3:S@laIz/to try to make
money out of sth, even if it means spoiling it
noun: commercialisation komercializovat,
obchodně využít/využívat
download/%daUn"l@Ud/to copy a computer
file, etc from a large computer system to
a smaller one stáhnout
expand/Ik"sp&nd/to become or to make sth
bigger: We’re hoping to expand our business
next year. noun: expansion rozšířit,
float/fl@Ut/to move slowly through air or
water: The balloon floated up into the sky.
vznášet se, plynout, plout
frown/fraUn/to show that you are angry,
serious, etc by making lines appear on your
forehead above your nose mračit se
hypnotise/"hIpn@taIz/1 to put sb into an
unconscious state where the person’s mind can
be controlled hypnotizovat
2 to interest sb so much that they can think of
nothing else: He was hypnotised by her beauty.
noun: hypnosis přitahovat, fascinovat,
implant/Im"plA:nt/to put sth (usually sth
artificial) into a part of the body for medical
purposes, usually by means of an operation
noun: implant implantovat, zavést
jail/dZeIl/to put sb in prison: He was jailed
for life. uvěznit
lease/li:s/to use or let sb use sth, especially
property or equipment, in exchange for rent or
a regular payment: Parts of the building are
leased out to tenants. noun: lease pronajmout,
najmout si
lengthen/"leNT@n/to become longer or to
make sth longer prodloužit
participate/pA:"tIsIpeIt/(in sth) to take part or
become involved in sth: Students are
encouraged to participate in sporting activities.
noun: participation zúčastnit se (čeho)
preserve/prI"z3:v/to keep sth in its original
state in good condition noun: preservation
hájit, chránit
pursue/p@"sju:/to try to achieve sth or to
continue to do sth over a period of time: She is
pursuing a career in banking. konat,
provozovat, pěstovat
recruit/rI"kru:t/to find new people to join
a company, an organisation, the armed forces,
etc: to recruit young people to the teaching
profession noun: recruitment nabírat, získat,
sigh/saI/to let out a long, deep breath that
shows you are tired, sad, disappointed, etc
povzdechnout si
speculate/"spekjuleIt/(about sth) to make
a guess about sth: to speculate about the result
of the next election noun: speculation
spekulovat, domnívat se
accurate/"&kj@r@t/exact and correct; without
mistakes opposite: inaccurate přesný, správný
convinced/k@n"vInst/completely sure about
sth: He’s convinced that his team will win.
cosmic/"kQzmIk/connected with space or the
universe kosmický
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
desirable /dI"zaI@r@bl/wanted, often by many
people; worth having: Experience is desirable
but not essential for this job. opposite:
undesirable žádoucí
digital/"dIdZItl/using an electronic system
that uses the numbers 1 and 0 to record sound
or store information, and that gives high-quality
results: a digital recording digitální
online/%Qn"laIn/controlled by or connected to
a computer or to the Internet: an online ticket
booking system připojený k Internetu
peculiar/pI"kju:li@/unusual or strange
neobvyklý, zvláštní
prophetic/pr@"fetIk/correctly stating or
showing what will happen in the future: Many
of his warnings proved prophetic. prorocký,
redundant/rI"dVnd@nt/(used about
employees) no longer needed for a job and
therefore out of work: When the factory closed
800 people were made redundant.
nadbytečný, nadpočetný, redundantní
relevant/"rel@v@nt/connected with what is
happening or being talked about: Do you have
any relevant experience? relevantní, příhodný,
příslušný, náležitý
remote-control/rI%m@Ut k@n"tr@Ul/operated
from a distance, using radio or electrical
signals: a remote-control camera na dálkové
ovládání/s dálkovým ovládačem
spicy/"spaIsi/having a strong taste because
spices have been used to flavour it kořeněný
thrilling/"TrIlIN/very exciting and enjoyable
vzrušující, napínavý, poutavý
tremendous/tr@"mend@s/very large or great:
a tremendous amount of work obrovský
unconcerned/%Vnk@n"s3:nd/not worried or
anxious about sth because you feel it does not
affect you or is not important opposite:
concerned lhostejný, bezstarostný
phrasal verbs
base sth on sth to use an idea, a fact,
a situation, etc as the point from which sth can
be developed: This film is based on a true story.
stavět na něčem, vycházet z čeho
break down (used about a system, discussion, etc)
to fail: Talks between the two countries broke
down. přestat fungovat, být neúspěsný,
zhroutit se
carry out sth to do a task, repair, etc: to carry
out tests/a survey/an experiment provádět, vést
come up with sth to find an answer or
a solution to sth: Engineers have come up with
new ways of saving energy. přijít s čím,
navrhnout co
improve on/upon sth to produce sth that is
better than sth else: Nobody will be able to
improve on that score (= nobody will be able to
make a higher score). zdokonalit, překonat,
vylepšit něco
pick up to receive an electronic signal, sound or
picture: In the north of France you can pick up
English TV programmes. (za)chytit
rush by (sb/sth) to move past (sb/sth) at great
speed, often too fast: She rushed by without
saying anything. profrčet, rychle proběhnout,
pospíchat kolem (koho/čeho)
trail off (used about sb’s voice) to gradually
become quieter and then stop vytrácet se,
vytratit se, slábnout
tuck sb up to make sb feel comfortable in bed
by pulling the covers up around them: The
children are all tucked up in bed. uložit
(do postele), přikrýt někoho
change the subject to start talking about sth
different změnit téma
have a mind of your own to have your own
opinion and make your own decisions without
being influenced by other people: My computer
seems to have a mind of its own! postavit si
hlavu, trvat si na svém, vědět co chce
not have a clue to know nothing about sth
nemít ponětí
on occasion(s) sometimes but not often
have sth at your fingertips to have sth ready for
quick and easy use mít něco při ruce, v malíčku
put your feet up to sit down and relax,
especially with your feet off the floor and
supported: I’mso tired that I just want to go
home and put my feet up. dát si nohy nahoru
search me used to emphasise that you do not
know the answer to sb’s question: ‘Why
didn’t she say anything?’ ‘Search me!’ Copak
já vím? To tedy nevím.
Unit 9
almanac/"&lm@n&k/a book that gives
information about the sun, moon, times of the
tides (= the rise and fall of the sea level), etc for
each day of the year kalendář, almanach
astronomy/@"strQn@mi/the scientific study of
the sun, moon, stars, etc astronomie, hvězdářství
average/"&v@rIdZ/the normal standard,
amount or quality průměr
background/"b&kgraUnd/the part of
a scene, view, picture, etc which is furthest away
from the person looking at it: red circles
painted on a blue background pozadí
bar chart/"bA: tSA:t/ a diagram which uses
narrow bands of different heights to show
different amounts, so that they can be
compared sloupcový diagram
brainpower/"breInpaUWW@/the ability to think;
intelligence inteligence
breed/bri:d/a particular variety of animal:
a rare breed of cattle plemeno, odrůda
cab/k&b/a taxi: He drives a black cab in
London. taxík
cage/keIdZ/a box made of bars or wire, or
a space surrounded by wire or metal bars, in
which a bird or animal is kept so that it cannot
escape klec
capacity/%k@"p&s@ti/the ability to understand
or do sth: a capacity for hard work schopnost
(něco obsáhnout, pojmout), kapacita
chart/tSA:t/a map of the sea or sky:
navigation charts mapa (meteorologická)
concentration/%kQnsN"treISn/(on sth) the
ability to give all your attention or effort to sth
verb: concentrate koncentrace, soustředění
(na co)
concept/"kQnsept/(of sth) an idea; a basic
principle: It is difficult to grasp the concept of
eternity. koncepce
confusion/%k@n"fju:zn/the state of not being
able to think clearly or not understanding sth:
He stared in confusion at the exam paper. verb:
confuse zmatek, zmatení
context/"kQntekst/the words that come
before or after a word, phrase or sentence that
help you to understand its meaning: You can
often guess the meaning of a word from its
context. jazykový kontext
debt/det/an amount of money that you owe
to sb dluh
findings/"faIndINz/ information that is
discovered as a result of research into sth: the
findings of a survey/ report/committee
výsledek/výsledky (výzkumu/průzkumu)
fortune/"fO:tSu:n/a very large amount of
money: She made a fortune selling paintings.
majetek, bohatství
graph/grA:f/a diagram in which a line or
a curve shows the relationship between two
quantities, measurements, etc: a graph showing
the number of cars sold each month graf
host/h@Ust/(of sb/sth) a large number of
people or things velké množství, houf, spousta,
hromada (koho/čeho)
QndZitju:d/the distance of
a place east or west of a line from the North
Pole to the South Pole that passes through
Greenwich in London (Longitude is measured in
degrees). zeměpisná délka
majority/m@"dZQr@ti/(of sb/sth) the largest
number or part of a group of people or things:
The majority of students in the class come from
Japan. většina
meridian/m@"rIdi@n/a line that we imagine
on the surface of the earth that joins the North
Pole to the South Pole and passes through
a particular place: the Greenwich meridian
poledník, meridián
minority/%maI"nOr@ti/the smaller number or
part of a group; less than half menšina,
mortal/"mO:tl/a human being smrtelník/
mould/m@Uld/a soft green or black substance
like fur (fungus) that grows in wet places or on
old food plíseň, plesnivina
navigation/%n&vI"geISn/1 the act of using
a map, etc to find your way to somewhere
navigace, čtení z mapy
2 the act of sailing a boat along a river or across
a sea řízení lodi
observatory/@b"z3:v@tri/a building from
which scientists can watch the stars, the
weather, etc hvězdárna
opportunity/%Qp@"tju:n@ti/a chance to do sth
that you would like to do; a situation or a time
in which it is possible to do sth that you would
like to do: I have a golden opportunity
(jedinečná příležitost) to go to America now that
my sister lives there. příležitost
passion/"p&Sn/(for sth) a very strong liking for
or interest in sth: He has a passion for music.
vášeň, silná náklonnost
pendulum/"pendj@l@m/a chain or stick with a
heavy weight at the bottom that moves regularly
from side to side to work a clock kyvadlo
pigeon/"pIdZIn/a fat grey bird that often lives
in towns holub
qualification/%kwQlIfI"keISn/an exam that
you have passed or a course of study that you
have completed oprávnění/osvědčení
(potvrzující splnění požadavků/absolvování
range/reIndZ/a variety of things that belong
to the same group: This shop has a wide range
of clothes. rozsah, mnoho druhů
reaction/rI"&kSn/(to sb/sth) something that
you say or do because of sth that has happened
relevance/"rel@v@ns/a connection with what is
happening or being talked about: Most of what
he said had no relevance at all to my situation.
relevance, důležitost, závažnost, význam
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
rival/"raIvl/a person or thing that is
competing with you rival/ka
slide/slaId/a small piece of photographic film
in a plastic or cardboard frame diapozitiv
acquire/@"kwaI@/to obtain or buy sth:
He’s acquired a reputation for being difficult to
work with. získat
analyse/"&n@laIz/to look at or think about
the different parts or details of sth carefully in
order to understand or explain it: to analyse
statistics/data noun: analysis rozebrat,
assume/@"sju:m/to accept or believe that sth
is true even though you have no proof; to
expect sth to be true: I assume that you have all
the necessary documents. noun: assumption
beat/bi:t/(pt beat; pp beaten) to defeat sb; to
be better than sb: He always beats me at tennis.
combat/"kQmb&t/(~ sth/sb, ~ with sth/sb)to
fight against sth; to try to stop or defeat sth:
new medicines to combat heart disease
bojovat (proti čemu/komu); bojovat, zápasit
(s čím/kým)
comment/"kQment/(on sth) to say what you
think or feel about sth: Several people
commented on how ill David looked.
komentovat, poznamenat, dělat poznámky
(o čem)
conduct/k@n"dVkt/to organise and do sth,
especially research: to conduct a survey/an
inquiry vést, provádět
confirm/k@n"f3:m/to say or show that sth is
true; to make sth definite: Seeing the two of
them together confirmed our suspicions.
draw/drO:/(sth from sth) to learn or decide sth
as a result of study, research or experience: Can
we draw any conclusions (udělat/vyvodit závěry)
from this survey? vyvodit (něco z něčeho),
usoudit (něco podle něčeho)
dump/dVmp/to get rid of sth that you do not
want, especially in a place which is not suitable:
Nuclear waste should not be dumped in the
sea. vyklopit, vysypat, shodit na hromadu
fade/feId/to become less strong or fresh; to
disappear slowly chřadnout, zvadnout, uvadat,
flash/fl&S/ (sth up) to appear on a television
screen, computer screen, etc for a short time; to
make sth do this: His name was flashed up on
the screen. rychle ukázat, promítnout, zazářit
highlight/"haIlaIt/to emphasise sth so that
people give it special attention: The report
highlighted the need for improved safety at
football grounds. osvětlit, upozornit na,
zdůraznit, vyzdvihnout
imagine/I"m&dZIn/(sb/sth doing sth) to form
a picture in your mind of what sth/sb might be
like: I can’t imagine myself cycling 20 miles
a day. noun: imagination představit si (že by
někdo/něco dělal/o něco)
maintain/meIn"teIn/to make sth continue at
the same level, standard, etc: to maintain law
and order zachovávat, zachovat, uchovat
outperform/%aUtp@"fO:m/to achieve better
results than sb/sth předčit, podat lepší/větší
outshine/%aUt"SaIn/(pt, pp outshone) to be
more impressive than sb/sth; to be better than
sb/sth: He far outshone the rest of the class.
být/zdát se lepší než, oslňovat, excelovat
overcome/%@Uv@"kVm/(pt overcame; pp
overcome) to manage to control or defeat
sb/sth: She tried hard to overcome her fear of
flying. překonat, dostat se přes
overestimate/%@Uv@r"estImeIt/to guess that
sb/sth is bigger, better, more important, etc
than he/she/it really is přecenit, nadhodnotit
recite/rI"saIt/to say aloud a piece of writing,
especially a poem or a list, from memory
recitovat, říkat zpaměti
rotate/r@U"teIt/to turn in circles round
a central point; to make sth do this: The earth
rotates on its axis. noun: rotation rotovat, točit
se kolem
store/stO:/to keep sth or a supply of sth for
future use: to store information on a computer
skladovat, mít v zásobě
tell/tel/(A from B) to distinguish one thing or
person from another: It was hard to tell Tom
from his brother. Can you tell the difference
between the two versions? rozlišit, odlišit
(A od B)
tend/tend/(to do sth) to usually do or be sth:
Women tend to live (obvykle žijí) longer than
men. mít tendenci/sklon, mít ve zvyku
underestimate/%Vnd@r"estImeIt/to guess that
the amount, etc of sth will be less than it really
is podcenit, podhodnotit
visualise/"viZu@laIz/to imagine or have
a picture in your mind of sb/sth: It’s hard to
visualise what this place looked like before the
factory was built. představit si, vyvolat si
v duchu obraz
angular/"&Ngj@l@/with sharp points or
corners hranatý, ostrohranný
complicated/"kQmplIkeItId/difficult to
understand or deal with komplikovaný
confused/k@n"fju:zd/not able to think clearly
confusing/k@n"fju:zIN/difficult to understand
contradictory/%kQWntr@"dIkt@ri/being opposite
to or not matching sth else: Contradictory
reports appeared in the newspaper.
dappled/"d&pld/marked with spots of colour
or shade skvrnitý
discerning/dI"s3:nIN/able to recognise the
quality of sth soudný, pronikavý, bystrý
encouraging/In"kVrIdZIN/giving hope,
support or confidence to sb: This
month’s unemployment figures are not very
encouraging. opposite: discouraging
fatal/"feItl/causing or ending in death: a fatal
accident/disease smrtelný, fatální
imaginative/I"m&dZIn@tIv/having or showing
imagination opposite: unimaginative
podněcující fantazii, podnětný
informative/In"fO:m@tIv/giving useful
knowledge or information informativní
observant/@b"z3:v@nt/good at noticing things
around you opposite: unobservant všímavý,
prime/praIm/main; the first example of sth
that sb would think of or choose primární,
prvotní, hlavní
rare/re@/not done, seen, happening, etc very
often: a rare species/breed vzácný, zřídkavý
significant/sIg"nIfIk@nt/important or large
enough to be noticed: There has been
a significant improvement in your work.
opposite: insignificant význačný
spatial/"speISl/connected with space and the
size, shape, position, etc of things in it: the
development of a child’s spatial awareness
(= the ability to judge the positions and sizes
of objects) prostorový
startling/"stA:tlIN/extremely unusual and
surprising: a startling contrast/discovery
překvapivý, udivující
surreal/s@"ri:@l/very strange; with images
mixed together in a strange way like in
a dream: a surreal film/painting/situation
podivný, neskutečný
visual/"vIZu@l/connected with seeing or sight:
the visual arts (= painting, sculpture, cinema,
etc) zrakový, vizuální
vivid/"vIvId/(used about a light or a colour)
strong and very bright živý, pestrý
worrying/"wVriIN/that makes you worry
dead/ded/completely, exactly or very: The
film was dead boring. (hrozně nudný) úplně,
naprosto, totálně
elsewhere/%els"we@/in or to another place:
He’s travelled a lot in Europe and elsewhere.
někde jinde, někam jinam
intimately/"IntIm@tli/closely: intimately
connected/linked úzce, těsně, velmi důvěrně
repeatedly/rI"pi:tIdli/many times; again and
again opakovaně
phrasal verbs
cut down (on sth) to reduce the quantity or
amount of sth; to do sth less often: You should
cut down on fatty foods. snížit, (z)redukovat,
omezit (co)
put sb off (sb/sth/doing sth) to make sb not
like sb/sth or not want to do sth: The accident
put me off driving for a long time. odradit
někoho (od koho/čeho/dělání čeho)
take after sb to look or behave like an older
member of your family, especially a parent:
James takes after his father. být po kom
take it out on sb to behave badly towards sb
because you are angry or upset about sth, even
though it is not this person’s fault: Just because
you’ve had a bad day at work, there’s no need
to take it out on me! vybít se, vylít si vztek,
odreagovat se na kom
take sth back to admit that sth you said was
wrong: You’d better take back what you said
about my cooking! vzít zpět, odvolat co
take sth in to understand what you see, hear or
read: I was too tired to take in what she was
saying. chápat, pochopit něco, porozumět
take to sb/sth to start liking sb/sth: I didn’t take
to Kate’s new boyfriend at all. oblíbit si, začít
mít rád koho/co
work sth out 1 to find the answer to sth;
to solve sth: I can’t work out how to do this.
přijít na něco, rozluštit něco
2 to calculate sth: I worked out the total cost.
vypočítat, spočítat
all in all when everything is considered: All in
all it had been a great success. celkem vzato,
v celku, celkem
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
be no contest used to say that one side in
a competition is so much stronger or better
than the other that it is sure to win easily
nemít cenu soutěžit, mít soutěž dopředu
za prohranou
not in the least not at all: It doesn’t matter in
the least. ani přinejmenším
Unit 10
arbitration/%A:bI"treISn/the official process of
settling an argument or a disagreement
between two people or groups arbitráž, smírčí
base/beIs/a military centre from which the
armed forces operate: an army base vojenská
battlefield/"b&tlfi:ld/the place where a battle
is fought bojiště, válečné pole
capital/"k&pItl/an amount of money that you
use to start a business or to put in a bank, etc
so that you earn more money (interest – úrok)
on it kapitál
cause/kO:z/an idea or organisation that
people believe in and support: to fight for
a cause věc, otázka, problém, záležitost
citizen/"sItIzn/a person who is legally
accepted as a member of a particular country
cockerel/"kQk@r@l/a young male chicken
mladý kohout
compensation/%kQmpen"seISn/(for sth)
money that you pay to sb because you have
injured him/her or lost or damaged his/her
property: I want compensation for my unfair
dismissal. finanční náhrada, odškodnění,
kompenzace (za co)
courtship/"kO:tSIp/the relationship between
a man and woman before they get married
divide/dI"vaId/a difference between two
groups of people that separates them from
each other: the North/South divide předěl
heir/e@/the person with the legal right to
receive (inherit) money, property or a title when
the owner dies dědic/dědička
hen/hen/a female chicken, often kept for its
eggs or meat slepice
issue/"ISu:/a problem or subject for discussion
problém, věc k prodiskutování
the limelight/"laImlaIt/the centre of public
attention: to be in/out of the limelight střed
veřejného zájmu, výsluní
litigation/%lItI"geISn/the process of taking
legal action in a court of law vedení sporu,
souzení se
loyalty/"lOI@lti/a strong feeling that you want
to be loyal to sb: a case of divided loyalties (=
with strong feelings of support for two different
causes, people, etc) věrnost, loajalita
marine/m@"ri:n/a soldier who has been
trained to fight on land or at sea příslušník
námořní pěchoty, mariňák
merchandise/"m3:tS@ndaIs/goods that are for
sale zboží
profit/"prQfIt/the money that you make when
you sell sth for more than it cost you: Did you
make a profit on your house when you sold it?
zisk, prospěch
rank/r&Nk/the position, especially a high
position, that sb has in an organisation such as
the army hodnost
re-enactment/%ri:In"&ktment/the act of
repeating the actions of a past event: a re-
enactment of the Battle of Hastings opětovné
předvedení, znovuuvedení
reputation/%repju"teISn/(for/as sth) the
opinion that people in general have about what
sb/sth is like: Adam has a reputation for being
late. reputace, pověst
resource/rI"zO:s/a supply of sth, a piece of
equipment, etc that is available for sb to use:
We do not have the resources (= money) to
update our computer software. zdroj
rights/raIts/the authority to perform, publish,
film, etc a particular work, event, etc: He sold
the film rights for $2 million zákonná práva
sacrifice/"s&krIfaIs/giving up sth that is
important or valuable to you in order to get or
do sth that seems more important; sth that you
give up in this way: If we’re going to have
a holiday this year, we’ll all have to make some
sacrifices. oběť
script/skrIpt/the written form of a play, film,
speech, etc scénář
spectator/spek"teIt@/a person who is
watching an event, especially a sporting event
thriller/"TrIl@/a play, film, book, etc with
a very exciting story, often about crime
napínavý film/román nebo napínavá hra
s detektivní zápletkou
tie/taI/a strong connection between people or
organisations: family ties pouto
applaud/@"plO:d/to express approval of sb/sth
tleskat, aplaudovat komu/čemu
assassinate/@"s&sIneIt/to kill a famous or
important person for money or for political
reasons noun: assassination zavraždit
betray/bI"treI/1 to give information about
sb/sth to an enemy; to make a secret known
2 to hurt sb who trusts you, especially by not
being loyal or faithful to him/her noun:
betrayal zranit, oklamat
commit/k@"mIt/to do sth bad or illegal: to
commit a crime spáchat
confess/k@n"fes/(to sth/to doing sth) to admit
that you have done sth bad or wrong: The
woman confessed to the murder of her
boyfriend/to murdering her boyfriend. noun:
confession přiznat, doznat se (k čemu,
k udělání čeho)
confine/k@n"faIn/(sb in/to sth) to keep
a person or animal in a particular, usually
small, place: The prisoners are confined to their
cells for long periods at a time. uzavřít,
spoutat (koho kde), omezit (koho na co)
convict/k@n"vIkt/(sb of sth) to say officially in
a court of law that sb is guilty of a crime: He
was convicted of armed robbery and sent to
prison. noun: conviction usvědčit (koho z čeho)
demote/di:"m@Ut/(sb to)to move sb to a lower
position or rank, often as a punishment
degradovat (koho na)
deport/dI"pO:t/to force sb to leave a country
because he/she has no legal right to be there
noun: deportation deportovat, vykázat,
detain/dI"teIn/to stop sb from leaving
a place; to delay sb: A man has been detained
by the police for questioning (= kept at the
police station). noun: detention držet ve vazbě,
discharge/dIs"tSA:dZ/to give sb official
permission to leave a place or a job; to make sb
leave a job: He was discharged from the army
for bad conduct. noun: discharge propustit
dismiss/dIs"mIs/to order an employee to
leave his/her job noun: dismissal propustit
(do civilu)
enforce/In"fO:s/to make people obey a law or
rule or do sth that they do not want to do: How
will they enforce the new law? noun:
enforcement prosadit, uvést v platnost
enrol/In"r@Ul/(on sth) to become or make sb
a member of a club, school, etc: I’ve enrolled
on an Italian course. zapsat (do čeho)
feud/fju:d/to have an angry and bitter
argument with sb over a long period of time:
feuding families/gangs mít spor, bojovat,
znesvářit se
fire/faI@/to remove an employee from a job:
He was fired for being late. vyhodit, propustit
flee/fli:/(pt, pp fled) to run away or escape
from sth utéci
forge/fO:dZ/ to make an illegal copy of sth: to
forge a passport/cheque/signature padělat,
vyrobit padělek
free/fri:/to let sb/sth leave or escape from a
place where he/she/it is held: to free a prisoner
noun: freedom osvobodit, uvolnit, propustit
fund/fVnd/to provide a project, school,
charity, etc with money noun: fund financovat,
investovat peníze
insist/In"sIst/(on sth/doing sth) to say strongly
that you must have or do sth, or that sb else
must do sth: Dan insisted on coming too. trvat
(na čem/dělání čeho)
plead/pli:d/(with sb) to ask sb for sth in
a very strong and serious way: She pleaded with
him not to leave her. naléhavě žádat, úpěnlivě
promote/pr@"m@Ut/to advertise sth in order
to increase its sales or make it popular noun:
promotion dělat reklamu, propagovat
reckon/"rek@n/to calculate sth approximately:
I reckon the journey will take about five hours.
vypočítat, odhadnout
resolve/rI"zQlv/to find an answer to
a problem vyřešit
rocket/"rQkIt/to increase or rise very quickly:
She rocketed to stardom (stala se rychle
hvězdou) at the age of sixteen. prudce (vy)letět,
(vy)skočit nahoru, vznést se
sack/s&k/to tell an employee that he/she can
no longer work for you (because of bad work,
bad behaviour, etc) vyhodit, propustit z práce
seek/si:k/(pt, pp sought) to try to find or get
sth: Politicians are seeking a peaceful solution.
serve/s3:v/to perform a duty or provide
a service for the public or for an organisation:
During the war he served in the Army. sloužit,
mít službu
shrug/SrVg/(pt, pp shrugged) to lift your
shoulders as a way of showing that you do not
know sth or are not interested pokrčit rameny
sue/su:/to go to a court of law and ask for
money from sb because he/she has done sth
bad to you, or said sth bad about you: to sue sb
for libel (urážku na cti, pomluvu)/ damages
žádat odškodné, podat žalobu
surrender/s@"rend@/to stop fighting and
admit that you have lost vzdát se
testify/"testIfaI/to make a formal statement
that sth is true, especially in a court of law: She
refused to testify against her husband.
(do)svědčit, potvrdit
© Oxford University Press Matrix Upper-Intermediate
urge/3:dZ/(sb to do sth) to advise or try hard
to persuade sb to do sth: I urged him to fight
the decision. naléhat (na někoho, aby něco
vindicate/"vIndIkeIt/to prove that sth is true
or that you were right to do sth, especially when
other people thought differently obhájit se,
ospravedlnit se
warn/wO:n/to tell sb about sth unpleasant or
dangerous that exists or might happen, so that
he/she can try to avoid it: He warned Billy to
keep away from his daughter. varovat
adjectives adaptable/@"d&pt@bl/able to change to suit
new situations přizpůsobivý
baggy/"b&gi/(used about a piece of clothing)
big; hanging loosely on the body volný,
plandavý, pytlovitý
devastating/"dev@steItIN/that shocks or
upsets sb very much: The closure of the factory
was a devastating blow to the workers.
zničující, drtivý, šokující, pustošivý
engaged/In"geIdZd/(to sb) having agreed to
get married: Susan is engaged to Jim.
formative/"fO:m@tIv/having an important and
lasting influence (on sb’s character and
opinions): A child’s early years are thought to
be the most formative ones. rozhodující,
communication both ways, between
a computer and the person using it
key/ki:/very important: He was a key figure in
the campaign. klíčový, hlavní
pushy/"pUSi/(used about a person) trying hard
to get what you want, in a way that seems rude:
You need to be pushy to be successful in show
business. až nezdravě ctižádostivý, toužící
po kariéře
resentful/rI"zentfl/feeling bitter or angry
about sth that you think is unfair nasupěný,
unappreciated/%Vn@"pri:SieItId/not having
your work or your qualities recognised and
enjoyed by other people: He was in a job where
he felt unappreciated and undervalued.
nedoceněný, zneuznaný
undervalued/%Vnd@"v&lju:d/not recognised
by other people for being as good, valuable,
important, etc as sb/sth really is nedoceněný,
phrasal verbs
clown around to act in a funny or foolish way
dělat ze sebe šaška
find (sth) out to get some information; to
discover a fact: Have you found out how much
the tickets will cost? zjistit (něco)
kit sb out (in sth) to give sb all the necessary
clothes, equipment, tools, etc for sth vybavit,
vystrojit (vším potřebným)
look through sth to read sth quickly projít,
pročíst si (něco) rychle
make for sb/sth to move toward sb/sth
směřovat ke komu/čemu
move on to start doing or discussing sth new:
I’ve been in this job long enough – it’s time
I moved on. začít dělat něco jiného, přejít na
jiné téma
opt out (of sth) to choose not to take part in
sth; to decide to stop being involved in sth
vycouvat (z čeho), opustit (co)
sign up to sign a form or a contract which says
that you agree to do sth: A major Hollywood
studio has already signed up the film rights.
podepsat, podpisem potvrdit
split up (with sb) to end a marriage or
relationship: He’s split up with his girlfriend.
rozejít se (s kým)
stand up for sb/sth to say or do sth which
shows that you support sb/sth: I admire him.
He really stands up for his rights. bít se za
koho/co, zastat se koho/čeho, vyjádřit podporu
go the whole way to do everything you can to
achieve what you want udělat vše pro
in excess of more than: Her debts are in excess
of $50,000. více/větší než
fall in love (with sb) to start feeling a strong
feeling of deep affection for sb that you are
sexually attracted to zamilovat se (do koho)
kick yourself to be annoyed with yourself
because you have done sth stupid, missed an
opportunity, etc: I could kick myself for arriving
late at the interview. obviňovat se, být zahanben
knack for doing sth skill or ability to do sth
(difficult) that you have naturally or that you
can learn: He has a knack for making money.
schopnost, zručnost, cvik, fígl něco udělat
make fun of sb/sth to laugh at sb/sth in an
unkind way: The older children are always
making fun of his accent. vysmívat se
komu/čemu, dělat si legraci z koho/čeho
make a habit of doing sth to start to do sth
often and almost without thinking, especially
sth that is hard to stop doing: I’d prefer you not
to make a habit of smoking in the house.
navyknout si něco dělat, udělat si návyk z dělání
no matter who, what, where, etc whoever,
whatever, wherever, etc: They never listen no
matter what you say. bez ohledu na, jakkoliv
not worth the effort not important, good or
enjoyable enough to make sb feel satisfied,
especially when difficulty or effort is involved:
Filling in all those application forms really
wasn’t worth the effort. nestát za námahu
raise the tone to improve the general character
of sth such as a piece of writing, or the
atmosphere of an event or a place: By building
such luxury flats, they hoped to raise the tone
of the area. zlepšit image
snap decision a decision made quickly and
suddenly, often without any careful thought:
I made a snap decision. unáhlené rozhodnutí
stroke of luck a single successful action or
event: It was a stroke of luck that I found you
here! nenadálé štěstí
take sth for granted to accept sth as being true
považovat něco za samozřejmé
take advantage of sb/sth to make good or full
use of sth: We should take advantage of these
prices while they last. využít něčeho, mít
výhodu z čeho
take sb’s (own) life to kill yourself zabít se
come sb’s way to happen to you by chance, or
when you were not expecting it: He took
whatever came his way. přihodit se, připlést
do cesty, nahodile narazit
turn your back on sb/sth to refuse to be
involved with sb/sth: He turned his back on his
career and went to live in the country.
odmítnout, zavrhnout koho/co, otočit se zády
ke komu/čemu
Matrix Upper-Intermediate © Oxford University Press
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The Oxford Handbook of
Commercial Correspondence
Uãebnice, pracovní se‰it.
Aktualizované vydání, komplexní
prÛvodce obchodní korespondencí.
Vhodné jak pro studenty, tak pro
dospûlé z praxe.
E-maily, anotované pfiíklady
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ÏivotopisÛ atd.
Workshop Series
Nová fiada uãebnic pro studenty,
ktefií se pfiipravují na práci
v oblastech jako jsou turismus,
catering, obchod, inf. technologie.
Uãebnice jsou zamûfieny na speciální
slovní zásobu, jazykové dovednosti
a praktické informace, které budou
studenti potfiebovat ve své profesi.
Really Learn
100 Phrasal Verbs
Pracovní kníÏka se 100
nejzákladnûj‰ími frázov˘mi
slovesy, vÏdy jedno na stránce.
OdstupÀované úkoly –
Nastuduj, Zkontroluj, Procviã
a Roz‰ifi si svou slovní zásobu.
Uprostfied knihy jsou zafiazeny
stránky na opakování. Word for Word
Nov˘ typ knihy, kter˘
definuje a porovnává okolo
tfií tisíc nejãastûji vzájemnû
zamûniteln˘ch slov
v angliãtinû.
Na pfiíkladov˘ch vûtách
je ukázáno, jak je slovo
pouÏíváno v kontextu.
Oxford Practice Grammar
Kniha s klíãem ke cviãením
nebo bez klíãe.
Gramatika pro stfiední, vysoké
a jazykové ‰koly s CD-ROMem.
Pravidelnû se opakující testy.
Ideální pro studenty, ktefií se
pfiipravují na FCE, na pfiijímací
zkou‰ky na V· nebo pro
The Good Grammar Book
Kniha s klíãem ke cviãením
nebo bez klíãe.
Velmi pfiehledná gramatika
pro v‰echny typy a stupnû ‰kol.
Srozumitelná, snadno se pouÏívá.
Uãí a procviãuje anglickou gra-
matiku v mluvené i psané formû.
Testy pro zji‰tûní, co uÏ student
umí a co se musí je‰tû douãit.
CAE Practice Tests
Uãebnice s klíãem nebo bez
klíãe, kazety (2x).
5 kompletních testÛ zkou‰ky
Cambridge Certificate in
Advanced English (CAE). Obsah
vûrnû kopíruje „opravdovou“
zkou‰ku CAE.
First Certificate
Practice Tests 1, 2
Uãebnice s klíãem nebo bez
klíãe, kazety (3x).
Obû sady obsahují vÏdy
5 kompletních testÛ.
Edice s klíãem pfiiná‰í vzorové
ukázky pro písemnou ãást testu
a detailní informace o zpÛsobu
hodnocení ãástí 2 a 5.
Unit 1
agency agence
aim objectif
arch voûte
armadillo tatou
armour armure
audience public
billboard panneau d’affichage
brand name marque
break chance
camouflage camouflage
cosmetic surgery chirurgie esthétique
criticism critiques
diversity diversité
emphasis importance
enlargement agrandissement
eyelid paupière
fan fan, supporter
figure silhouette
hedgehog hérisson
identity identité
impact impact
lens lentilles
look style
mammal mammifère
mate compagnon, compagne (animaux)
negative négatif
peacock paon
print épreuve
scar cicatrice
security sécurité
shell coquille
sitcom série télévisée
snapshot instantané
source source
spine épine
stick insect insecte-brindille
stripe rayure
supervision supervision
talent talent, don
approve approuver
assign attribuer
consume consommer
diet suivre un régime
exploit exploiter
expose exposer
illustrate illustrer
launch lancer
neglect négliger
opt choisir
promote promouvoir
react réagir
represent représenter
survive survivre
symbolise symboliser
associated associé
blurred indistinct
countless innombrable
dated démodé
depressing déprimé
fake faux
glamorous glamour
identifiable identifiable
irresistible irrésistible
mature mûr
multi-cultural multiculturel
mysterious mystérieux
obsessed obsédé
potential potentiel
predictable prévisible
rebellious rebelle
tanned bronzé
unanimous unanime
vain vaniteux
worthless sans valeur
definitely définitivement
in conclusion pour conclure
Phrasal verbs
fall over tomber par terre
fall/get behind prendre du retard
get ahead dépasser
go for sb/sth choisir
go on parler longuement
go out sortir
identify with sb/sth s’identifier
live up to sth mériter (une réputation),
correspondre (aux attentes)
send sth out émettre
stand for sth représenter
have/play a part jouer un rôle
Unit 2
blame responsabilité, faute
case study étude de cas
celebration fête
challenge défi
cheerfulness bonne humeur
confidence confiance
demonstration manifestation
expectation attente
nuisance ennui
psychiatrist psychiatre
outing sortie
parade parade
pressure pression
relationship relation
temper tempérament colérique
adopt adopter
anticipate anticiper
bother déranger
cope se débrouiller, supporter
deny nier
drown se noyer
fancy avoir envie
matter avoir de l’importance
mind gêner
overwhelm combler
persuade persuader
pretend faire semblant
resent s’offenser
spoil gâter
stand supporter
yell hurler
conscious conscient
defensive sur la défensive
fed up en avoir marre
horrified horrifié
keen enthousiaste, passionné
meaningful significatif
multi-racial multi-racial
used habitué à
worth qui vaut la peine
enthusiastically avec enthousiasme
eventually finalement
feebly faiblement
hurriedly en vitesse
instead à la place de
ironically ironiquement
miserably tristement
smoothly sans heurts
steadily progressivement
Phrasal verbs
end up se retrouver (finalement)
get away with sth s’en tirer
get on with sb bien s’entendre
get round sb persuader (pour obtenir qqch)
join in participer
put off doing sth remettre à plus tard
turn into sth transformer en
clear the air mettre les choses au point
get into trouble s’attirer des ennuis
get rid if sb/sth se débarasser
go wrong 1) faire une erreur 2) se gâter
in spite of malgré
be no good à ne rien servir
it’s no use cela ne sert à rien
lose your temper se fâcher
take sth too far dépasser les limites
Unit 3
access accès
archive archive
the bottom line essentiel
broadcast émission
broadsheet journal (de qualité)
channel chaîne (télévision)
chat show émission de discussion, débat
circulation tirage
columnist chroniqueur
coverage ensemble des informations
current affairs actualité
documentary documentaire
editorial éditorial
factor facteur
feature reportage
foreign correspondent correspondant à l’étranger
gossip column chronique mondaine
halt halte
headline manchette
host présentateur
insight aperçu
item fait
media média
point raison
press presse
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Upper-Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. quiz show jeu télévisé
search engine moteur de recherche
set poste (de télévision)
slogan slogan
soap opera série télévisée
spirits humeur
tabloid tabloïd
trivia vétilles
allocate allouer
ban défendre, bannir
break révéler
devote consacrer
establish établir
gather se rassembler
maintain maintenir
regard considérer
represent représenter
current actuel
edgy nerveux
interactive interactif
numb engourdi
restless agité
sensationalist à sensation
according to selon, d’après
Phrasal verbs
key sth in entrer (dans l’ordinateur)
look sth up rechercher (information)
track sb/sth down rechercher (personne)
all in all tout bien considéré, en somme
in print imprimé
without (a) doubt sans aucun doute
Unit 4
acid rain pluie acide
anorak anorak
ash cendre
the atmosphere l’atmosphère
avalanche avalanche
axe hache
binoculars jumelles
campaign campagne
captivity captivité
cheetah guépard
compass boussole
conservation conservation
contribution contribution
coral reef récif de corail
crater cratère
ecosystem écosystème
famine famine
first aid premier secours
flare signal de détresse
food chain chaîne alimentaire
habitat habitat
handler dresseur
the homeless les sans abri
jungle jungle
lava lave
oil slick nappe d’huile
operation opération
orang-utan orang-utan
outskirts banlieues
postgraduate étudiant postgrade
release mise en libérte
shelter abri
snowboarding snowboard
starvation faim (entraînant le mort)
status statut
superstar grande vedette
survival survie
tornado tornade
assure assurer
erupt entrer en éruption
misunderstand mal comprendre
owe devoir
preserve préserver
rehabilitate réhabiliter
suffer souffrir
charming charmant
convinced convaincu
dramatic théâtrale
extinct qui n’existe plus
faint-hearted peu courageux
marine marin
materialistic matérialiste
over-priced trop cher
priceless sans prix
solitary solitaire
subconscious subconscient
tight-fisted avare
welcome bienvenu
well-off aisé
worthy digne
Phrasal verbs
book sb in/into sth réserver une chambre d’hôtel
butt in interrompre
come up with sth trouver une réponse
finish sb/sth off achever
give sth away donner, offrir
help (sb) out donner un coup de main
pick sth up prendre, aller chercher
start off commencer
as far as sth goes pour ce que c’est
have come a long way avoir beaucoup progressé
lose your touch perdre son savoir-faire
never mind tant pis
not on your life jamais de la vie
not to worry!Il ne faut pas s’en faire
too bad!Cela ne fait rien
well done!Bravo
what a pity/shame quel dommage
with regard to en ce qui concerne
Unit 5
ancestor ancêtre
athlete athlète
belief croyance, conviction
breakdown panne
breakthrough découverte importante
bug passion pour qqch
cash till caisse enregistreuse
courtyard cour
criticism critique
dedication engagement, dévouement
destination déstination
distribution distribution
drawback inconvénient
expedition expédition
flavour goût, parfum
jigsaw puzzle
loan prêt
monolith monolithe
motive motivation
myth mythe
paperwork paperasseries
peak cime
performance prestation
puncture crevaison
record record
rejection rejet
resolve résolution
role rôle
role model modèle
stereotype stéréotype
summit sommet
terrain terrain
tip conseil
triplet triplet
approach s’approcher
audition auditionner
capture capturer, prendre
deserve mériter
encompass entourer
go backpacking faire de la marche
graduate être reçu licencié
hallucinate halluciner
handle gérer
hesitate hésiter
paraphrase paraphraser
pop apparaître de façon inattendue
raise 1) trouver de l’argent 2) élever une famille
resume reprendre
awful affreux
blindfolded les yeux bandés
broke fauché
dedicated dévoué
demanding exigeant
determined déterminé
disturbing troublant
dual double
fluent qui s’exprime couramment
formidable formidable, impressionnant
frustrating frustrant
jubilant qui jubile
knackered épuisé, à bout
marathon marathon
nasty méchant
novelty nouveau
outstanding marquant, excellent
sociable sociable
towering très haut
work-shy paresseux
leisurely sans se hâter, en prenant son temps
logistically logistiquement
Phrasal verbs
add (sth) up additionner
back sb/sth up appuyer
blow up faire exploser
break up se dissoudre
deal with sb traîter
dress up s’habiller très bien
fall back on sb/sth compter sur qqun ou qqch
fit sb/sth in trouver le temps
lay sth down établir
pick sb/sth up prendre (en voiture)
pile up s’entasser
set out se mettre en route
set (sth) up fonder
settle down to sth se mettre au travail
take off prendre son essor
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
be dying to do sth mourir d’envie de faire qqch
get cracking y aller (avec énergie!)
give sb a hard time rendre la vie difficile
loads des tas
make sense sembler raisonnable
as a matter of fact en fait, à vrai dire
nowhere near très loin de
sort of quelque part
street cred être ‘in’ et respecté par ses pairs,
connaître la vie urbaine Unit 6
alien extraterrestre
archaeologist archéologue
barrel fût
basement sous-sol
cabin cabine
cargo frêt
conflict conflit
corpse cadavre
costume costume
crew équipage
crop circle partie d’un champs où l’herbe a été
deck pont
doorstep pas de porte
draught courant
encounter rencontre
enquiry demande de renseignements, l’enquête
entrepreneur entrepreneur
evidence évidence, preuves
extraterrestrial extraterrestre
figure forme
flaw faille
formation formation
foundation fondations
fraud fraude
fumes vapeurs, gaz
gadget gadget
hallucination hallucination
inhabitant habitant
instrument instrument
legend légende
lifeboat canot de sauvetage
local habitant local
lodging hébergement
mansion maison de maître
the paranormal le paranormal
party groupe de personnes
phantom fantôme
porter portier
provisions provisions
quarters quartiers
runaway fugitif
sail voile
sceptic sceptique
sighting aperçu, vision
site site
suspect suspect
sword épée
suspense suspens
temple temple
tornado tornade
UFO ovni
whirlwind tourbillon de vent
wreckage épave
assure assurer
behead décapiter
board embarquer
drag traîner
excavate excaver
reveal révéler
scan examiner, scanner
shift bouger, changer de place
sink couler
stress souligner
unload décharger
witness témoigner
casual informel, confortable
cramped à l’étroit
deserted désert
disembodied désincarné
disposable jetable
grotesque grotesque
haunted hanté
idle oisif
lethal meurtrier
maritime maritime
massive massif
prominent proéminent
random au hasard, aléatoire
scruffy débraillé
severe extrême
smart chic, élégant
steep raide
suspicious soupçonneux
unsolved non résolu
vital vital
appallingly affreusement
indefinitely indéfiniment
Phrasal verbs
break up se briser
build sth up construire, développer
carry out sth exécuter, mener à bien
find sth out découvrir
leave sth behind laisser (derrière soi)
look into sth investiguer
make for sth se diriger vers
make sb/sth out apercevoir à peine
meet with sth rencontrer
run into sb rencontrer par hasard
run into sth entrer dans qqch
stand up to sth faire face à qqch
turn out to be sth s’avérer être
warn sb off décourager quun de s’approcher
on board à bord
on/off duty être/ne pas être de service
put sb/sth to the test mettre à l’épreuve
set foot poser le pied
take shape prendre forme
things that go bump in the night les phénomènes
Unit 7
alternative alternative
capsule capsule
character personnage
clay terre glaise
coincidence coincidence
craftsman artisan
critic critique
isolation isolement
landmark point de repère, bâtiment célèbre
landslide glissement de terrain
notion notion
plot intrigue
plus avantage
recognition reconnaissance
review critique
rioting émeutes
sequel suite
setting contexte
settlement colonie
source source
storyline intrigue
superiority supériorité
upbringing éducation
values valeurs
adapt adapter
broaden élargir
carve couper, sculpter
convey transmettre
dive plonger
eliminate éliminer
emerge sortir, émerger
extend étendre
fathom comprendre
inspire inspirer
label étiqueter
pile entasser, empiler
reveal révéler
set situer
settle s’établir
suspend suspendre
transport transporter
unwind se détendre
action-packed bourré d’action
affirmative affirmatif
amusing amusant
anecdotal anecdotique
anonymous anonyme
argumentative raisonneur
bizarre bizarre
compelling compulsif
crucial crucial
daring osé
exotic exotique
gripping passionnant
inconvenient peu commode
intrigued intrigué
oblivious oublieux
spine-chilling à vous glacer le sang
vital vital
fairly assez
profoundly profondément
quite assez
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Phrasal verbs
chase sb off faire fuire qqun
die out disparaître
draw sb into sth impliquer qqun dans qqch
give sth/sb away trahir
hang around rester près de
hang out zoner
take off partir
wipe sth out démolir
a change of heart changer d’avis
be beyond sb dépasser la compréhension de qqun
be in tune être en harmonie
make your/a mark se faire remarquer
on behalf of sb pour le compte de qqun
for a start pour commencer
take sb’s word for it croire aux paroles de qqun
within earshot à portée d’oreille
Unit 8
aptitude aptitude
carbon monoxide oxyde de carbone
claustrophobia claustrophobie
commitment engagement dans qqch
curiosity curiosité
decade décennie
detector détecteur
discord désaccord
division division
era ère
galaxy galaxie
gene gène
highway route principale
kerosene kerosène
maternity leave congé maternité
microchip puce électronique
might force
nature nature
orbit orbite
pace vitesse, pas
pedestrian piéton
puzzle casse-tête
reference référence
retail vente au détail
sensor capteur
shuttle navette
sidewalk trottoir
space espace
term 1) expression 2) trimestre
terminal terminal
vision vision
wastage gaspillage
baste arroser (de jus, graisse)
blaze flamber
coloniser coloniser
commercialise commercialiser
download décharger
expand étendre, développer
float flotter
frown froncer les sourcils
hypnotise hypnotiser
implant implanter
jail mettre en prison
lease louer
lengthen rallonger
participate participer
preserve préserver
pursue poursuivre
recruit recruter
sigh soupirer
speculate spéculer
accurate précis
convinced convaincu
cosmic cosmique
desirable désirable
digital digital
online en utilisant l’internet
peculiar étrange
prophetic prophétique
redundant licencié
relevant pertinent
remote-control télécommandé
spicy épicé
thrilling passionnant
tremendous énorme
unconcerned ne pas être préoccupé
Phrasal verbs
base sth on sth baser sur
break down se rompre
carry out sth exécuter, mener
come up with sth trouver une réponse, une
improve on sth améliorer
pick up recevoir (signal électronique, chaîne TV)
rush by passer à toute vitesse
trail off (la voix) se perd
tuck sb up mettre au lit, border
change the subject changer de sujet
have a mind of your own avoir sa propre opinion
not have a clue n’avoir aucune idée
on occasion(s) parfois
have sth at your fingertips maîtriser
put your feet up se reposer
search me je n’ai aucune idée
Unit 9
almanac almanach
astronomy astronomie
average moyen
background arrière-plan
bar chart code-barre
brainpower capacité intellectuelle
breed race
cab taxi
cage cage
capacity capacité
chart carte (de navigation)
concentration concentration
concept concept
confusion confusion
context contexte
debt dette
findings résultats
fortune fortune
graph graphique
host grand nombre
longitude longitude
majority majorité
meridian méridien
minority minorité
mortal être humain
mould moisissure
navigation navigation
observatory observatoire
opportunity occasion
passion passion
pendulum pendule
pigeon pigeon
qualification qualification
range variété, choix
reaction réaction
relevance pertinence
rival rivale
slide diapositive
acquire acquérir
analyse analyser
assume supposer
beat battre
combat combattre
comment commenter, s’exprimer
conduct conduire, mener
confirm confirmer
draw tirer (des conclusions)
dump se débarasser de
fade fâner
flash projeter une lumière
highlight souligner
imagine imaginer
maintain maintenir
outperform avoir un meilleur résultat que qqun
outshine éclipser
overcome vaincre
overestimate surestimer
recite réciter
rotate tourner autour de qqch
store emmagasiner
tell (the difference) distinguer
tend avoir tendance
underestimate sousestimer
visualise visualiser
angular angulaire
complicated compliqué
confused confus, embrouillé
confusing embrouillant
contradictory contradictoire
dappled tâcheté, pommelé
discerning plein de discernement
encouraging encourageant
fatal mortel
imaginative imaginatif
informative informatif
observant observateur
prime premier, principal
rare rare
significant significatif
spatial spatial
startling époustouflant
surreal surréaliste
visual visuel
vivid vif
worrying inquiétant
dead complètement
elsewhere ailleurs
intimately intimement
repeatedly de façon répétée
Phrasal verbs
cut down diminuer
put sb off décourager
take after sb ressembler à qqun
take it out on sb se venger sur qqun
take sth back reprendre ses paroles
take sth in se rendre compte, comprendre
take to sb/sth avoir de l’amitié pour qqun
work sth out trouver une réponse, une solution
all in all à tout prendre
be no contest c’est gagné d’avance
not in the least pas du tout
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 10
arbitration arbitrage
base base militaire
battlefield champs de bataille
capital capital
cause cause
citizen citoyen
cockerel coq
compensation compensation
courtship cour
divide division
heir héritier
hen poule
issue question, thème
the limelight les feux de la rampe
litigation litige
loyalty loyauté
marine marine
merchandise marchandises
profit bénéfice
rank rang
re-enactment reconstitution
reputation réputation
resource ressources
rights droits
sacrifice sacrifice
script scénario
spectator spectateur
thriller film ou roman à suspense
tie lien
applaud applaudir
assassinate assassiner
betray trahir
commit commettre
confess avouer
confine enfermer
convict condamner
demote réduire à un rang inférieur
deport déporter
detain retenir
discharge congédier, libérer
dismiss licencier
enforce faire valoir
enrol inscrire
feud quereller
fire licencier
flee s’enfuire
forge contrefaire
free libérer
fund pourvoir, fournir les fonds
insist insister
plead plaidoyer
promote promouvoir
reckon estimer
resolve résoudre
rocket s’envoler
sack licencier
seek rechercher
serve servir
shrug hausser les épaules
sue poursuivre en justice
surrender se rendre
testify témoigner
urge presser, encourager
vindicate se justifier
warn mettre en garde
adaptable flexible
baggy flottant
devastating dévastateur
engaged fiancé
formative formateur
interactive interactif
key clé
pushy ambitieux, qui se met en avant
resentful rancunier
unappreciated ne pas se sentir reconnu
undervalued sous-estimé, dévalorisé
Phrasal verbs
clown around faire le guignol
find (sth) out découvrir
kit sb out habiller
look through sth feuilleter
make for sb/sth se diriger vers
move on se tourner vers qqch de nouveau
opt out décider de partir de qqch
sign up signer un document important, s’engager
split up terminer une relation
stand up sor sb/sth défendre qqch/qqun
go the whole way aller jusqu’au bout
in excess of dépasser
fall in love tomber amoureux
kick yourself se donner des gifles
knack for doing sth avoir le coup, un talent
make fun of sth/sb se moquer de
make a habit of doing sth prendre l’habitude de
no matter who, what, where etc.peu importe
qui, quoi, où etc.
not worth the effort ne vaut pas la peine
raise the tone aéliorer le niveau
snap decision une décision subite
stroke of luck un coup de chance
take sth for granted considérer comme normal,
take advantage of sth/sb profiter de
take your (own) life se suicider
come your way ce qui se présente
turn your back on sb/sth ignorer, se désintéresser
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1
agency Agentur
aim Ziel, Absicht
arch Bogen
armadillo Gürteltier
armour Rüstung
audience Zuschauer, Zuhörer
billboard Reklametafel
brand name Markenname
break Chance
camouflage Tarnung
cosmetic surgery Schönheitschirurgie
criticism Kritik
diversity Vielfalt
emphasis Betonung, Gewichtung
enlargement Vergrößerung
eyelid Lid
fan Fan
figure Figur
hedgehog Igel
identity Identität
impact Auswirkung, Einfluss
lens Objektiv, Linse
look Aussehen, Look
mammal Säugetier
mate Partner(in)
negative Negativ
peacock Pfau
print Abzug
scar Narbe
security Geborgenheit, Sicherheit
shell Panzer
sitcom Situationskömödie
snapshot Schnappschuss
source Quelle, Herkunft
spine Stachel
stick insect Heuschrecke
stripe Streifen
supervision Aufsicht
talent Begabung, Talent
approve jdn/etw gut finden, (mit jdm/etw)
einverstanden sein
assign beauftragen
consume 1) verbrauchen 2) konsumieren
diet eine Schlankheitskur machen, ein Diät machen
exploit (aus)nutzen
expose einer Sache ausgesetzt sein, mit etw
konfrontiert werden
illustrate veranschaulichen
launch einleiten
neglect vernachlässigen
opt opt for sth sich für etw entscheiden
promote für etw werben
react reagieren
represent darstellen
survive überleben
symbolise symbolisieren
associated verbunden (mit etw)
blurred verschwommen
countless unzählig
dated altmodisch
depressing deprimierend
fake nachgemacht
glamorous mondän, glamourös
identifiable erkennbar
irresistible unwiderstehlich
mature 1) reif 2) vernünftig
multi-cultural multikulturell
mysterious mysteriös, unerklärlich
obsessed besessen (von etw)
potential potenziell
predictable 1) vorhersehbar 2) berechenbar
rebellious rebellisch
tanned (sonnen)gebräunt
unanimous einstimmig
vain eitel
worthless wertlos
definitely bestimmt
in conclusion zum Schluss
Phrasal verbs
fall over hinfallen
fall/get behind (with sth) (mit etw) in Rückstand
get ahead (of sb) jdn überholen
go for sb/sth sich für jdn/etw entscheiden
go on (about sb/sth) pausenlos (über jdn/etw)
go out (with sb) mit jdm gehen, ein Verhältnis (mit
jdm) haben
identify with sb/sth sich mit jdm/etw identifizieren
live up to sth etw gerecht werden
send sth out etw ausstrahlen
stand for sth für etw stehen
have/play a part (in sth) eine Rolle (in etw) spielen
Unit 2
blame Schuld
case study Fallstudie
celebration Feier
challenge Herausforderung
cheerfulness Fröhlichkeit
confidence (Selbst)vertrauen
demonstration Demonstration
expectation Erwartung
nuisance Ärgernis
psychiatrist Psychiater(in)
outing Ausflug
parade Parade
pressure Stress, Druck
relationship Beziehung
temper jähzorniges Naturell
adopt (Standpunkt) einnehmen
anticipate erwarten, vorhersehen
bother belästigen
cope fertig werden (mit jdm/etw), mit etw
deny leugnen, ablehnen
drown ertrinken
fancy Lust auf/zu etw haben
matter wichtig sein
mind etw macht jdm etw aus
overwhelm überwältigen
persuade überreden
pretend so tun, als ob
resent sich über etw ärgern
spoil verwöhnen
stand ertragen
yell schreien
conscious bewusst
defensive defensiv
fed up jdn/etw satt haben
horrified entsetzt
keen scharf auf jdn/etw sein
meaningful sinnvoll
multi-racial gemischtrassig
used (to sth/to doing sth) sich an etw gewöhnen
worth wert
enthusiastically begeistert
eventually schließlich
feebly schwach
hurriedly eilig
instead statt
ironically ironischerweise
miserably missmutig
smoothly glatt, reibungslos
steadily stetig, ständig
Phrasal verbs
end up landen
get away with sth/doing sth mit etw
durchkommen, damit durchkommen etw zu tun
get on with sb mit jdm gut auskommen
get round sb jdn herumkriegen
join in (sth/doing sth) teilnehmen
put off doing sth etw aufschieben
turn (sb/sth) into sth (jdn/etw) in etw verwandeln,
etw zu etw umwandeln
clear the air eine entspanntere Atmosphäre
get into trouble in Schwierigkeiten geraten
get rid of sb/sth sich von jdm/etw trennen, etw
go wrong 1) einen Fehler machen 2) schief gehen
in spite of (sth/doing sth) trotz, obwohl ...
be no good nichts nützen
it’s no use (doing sth) es hat keinen Sinn (etw zu
lose your temper die Beherrschung verlieren
take sth too far zu weit gehen
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Upper-Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. Unit 3
access Zugang
archive Archiv
the bottom line das Entscheidende, das Ergebnis
broadcast Sendung
broadsheet großformatige Tageszeitung (in
Großbritannien haben seriöse Tageszeitungen ein
größeres Format als die Boulevardblätter)
channel Kanal, Sender
chat show Talkshow
circulation Auflage
columnist Kolumnist(in)
coverage Berichterstattung
current affairs aktuelle Ereignisse
documentary Dokumentarfilm, Dokumentarbeitrag
editorial Leitartikel
factor Faktor
feature Sonderbeitrag
foreign correspondent Auslandskorrespondent(in)
gossip column Klatschspalte
halt Stillstand
headline Schlagzeile host Moderator(in)
insight Einblick
item Bericht
media die Medien
point Sinn, Zweck
press die Presse
quiz show Quizprogramm
search engine Suchmaschine
set Gerät
slogan Slogan
soap opera Seifenoper
spirits Stimmung
tabloid kleinformatiges Boulevardblatt
trivia Belanglosigkeiten
allocate allocate sth to sb/sth jdm/einer Sache
etw zuweisen
ban verbieten
break bekannt werden, bekannt machen
devote widmen
establish gründen
gather sich versammeln
maintain 1) instand halten, (in gutem Zustand)
erhalten 2) behaupten
regard (sb/sth/yourself as sth) jdn/etw/sich für etw
represent vertreten
current aktuell
edgy gereizt
interactive interaktiv
numb taub, gefühllos
restless unruhig
sensationalist reißerisch, sensationslüstern
according to 1) zufolge, laut 2) nach, entsprechend
Phrasal verbs
key sth in etw eingeben
look sth up etw nachsehen
track sb/sth down jdn/etw ausfindig machen
all in all alles in allem
in print gedruckt, veröffentlicht
without (a) doubt zweifellos
Unit 4
acid rain saurer Regen
anorak Anorak
ash Asche
the atmosphere die Atmosphäre
avalanche Lawine
axe Axt
binoculars Fernglas
campaign Aktion
captivity Gefangenschaft
cheetah Gepard
compass Kompass
conservation Erhaltung
contribution Beitrag
coral reef Korallenriff
crater Krater
ecosystem Ökosystem
famine Hungersnot
first aid Erste Hilfe
flare Leuchtrakete
food chain Nahrungskette
habitat Lebensraum
handler Tiertrainer(in)
the homeless die Obdachlosen
jungle Dschungel
lava Lava
oil slick Ölteppich
operation Einsatz
orang-utan Orang-Utan
outskirts Stadtrand
postgraduate jd, der nach dem ersten Studiengang
ein weiterführendes Studium macht
release Freilassung
shelter Schutz, Obdach
snowboarding Snowboarden
starvation Verhungern
status Status
superstar Superstar
survival Überleben
tornado Wirbelsturm
assure versichern
erupt ausbrechen
misunderstand missverstehen
owe (sth to sb/sth) (jdm/etw etw) schulden
preserve erhalten
rehabilitate rehabilitieren
suffer (from sth) leiden (an etw)
charming reizend
convinced überzeugt
dramatic dramatisch
extinct ausgestorben
faint-hearted ängstlich
marine Meeres-
materialistic materialistisch
over-priced zu teuer
priceless von unschätzbarem Wert
solitary einsam
subconscious im Unterbewusstsein vorhanden
tight-fisted knauserig
welcome (You’re welcome to use my bicycle) du
kannst gern mein Fahrrad benutzen
well-off reich
worthy würdig
Phrasal verbs
book sb in/into sth jdm ein Zimmer in etw
butt in (on sb/sth) (jdn/etw) unterbrechen, sich
come up with sth sich etw einfallen lassen
finish sb/sth off jdn/etw töten
give sth away etw verschenken, etw vergeben
help (sb) out (jdm) aushelfen
pick sth up 1 etw abholen 2 empfangen
start off beginnen
as far as sth goes… so weit
have come a long way viel erreicht haben
lose your touch nicht mehr gut in Form sein
Never mind!Macht nichts!
Not on your life!auf gar keinen Fall!
Not to worry!Macht nichts!
Too bad!Pech gehabt!
Well done!Gut gemacht!
What a pity/shame!Schade!
with regard (to sb/sth) bezüglich
Unit 5
ancestor Vorfahr(in)
athlete Sportler(in)
belief Glaube
breakdown Panne
breakthrough Durchbruch
bug Leidenschaft, Fimmel
cash till Kasse
courtyard Hof
criticism Kritik
dedication Engagement
destination (Reise)ziel
distribution Verteilung
drawback Nachteil
expedition Expedition
flavour Geschmack, Geschmacksrichtung
jigsaw Puzzle
loan Kredit
monolith Monolith
motive Motiv
myth Mythos
paperwork Unterlagen, Schreibarbeit
peak Gipfel
performance Vorstellung, Auftritt
puncture Platten
record Rekord
rejection Ablehnung
resolve Entschlossenheit
role Rolle
role model Vorbild
stereotype Klischee
summit Gipfel
terrain Gelände
tip Tip
triplet Drilling
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
approach sich an jdn wenden
audition vorsprechen, vorsingen, vorspielen
capture erobern
deserve verdienen
encompass umfassen, einschließen
go backpacking als Rucksacktourist(in) unterwegs
graduate akademischen Grad erwerben, das
Studium abschließen
hallucinate halluzinieren
handle mit etw/jdm umgehen
hesitate zögern
paraphrase ausdrücken, umschreiben
pop (plötzlich) auftauchen
raise 1 beschaffen 2 aufziehen
resume wieder anfangen
awful furchtbar
blindfolded mit verbundenen Augen
broke pleite
dedicated engagiert
demanding anspruchsvoll, schwierig
determined on fest entschlossen
disturbing alarmierend, erschütternd
dual doppelt, Doppel-
fluent fließend
formidable gewaltig
frustrating frustrierend
jubilant überglücklich
knackered total geschafft
marathon gewaltig
nasty scheußlich, unangenehm
novelty ungewöhnlich, neuartig
outstanding hervorragend
sociable gesellig
towering hoch aufragend
work-shy arbeitsscheu
leisurely geruhsam
logistically logistisch
Phrasal verbs
add (sth) up sich summieren, etw
back sb/sth up jdn/etw unterstützen
blow up explodieren
break up sich auflösen
deal with sb mit jdm umgehen
dress up sich fein anziehen
fall back on sb/sth auf jdn/etw zurückgreifen
fit sb/sth in für jdn/etw Zeit finden
lay sth down etw festlegen
pick sb/sth up jdn/etw abholen
pile up sich auftürmen
set out losfahren
set (sth) up etw gründen
settle down to sth sich an etw machen
take off (gut) anlaufen, (gut) ankommen
be dying to do sth darauf brennen etw zu tun
get cracking sich daranmachen
give sb a hard time es jdm schwer machen
loads (of sth) eine Menge
make sense sinnvoll sein
as a matter of fact...übrigens, eigentlich
nowhere near bei weitem nicht
sort of (informal) irgendwie
street cred Image
Unit 6
alien Außerirdische(r)
archaeologist Archäologe, Archäologin
barrel Fass
basement Kellergeschoss
cabin Kabine
cargo Fracht
conflict Streit, Kampf
corpse Leiche
costume Tracht
crew Mannschaft, Besatzung
crop circle Kornkreis
deck Deck
doorstep Eingangsstufe
draught Luftzug
encounter Begegnung
enquiry Untersuchung
entrepreneur Unternehmer(in)
evidence Beweis
extraterrestrial Außerirdische(r)
figure Gestalt
flaw Fehler
formation Formation
foundation Fundament
fraud Betrug, Schwindel
fumes Dämpfe
gadget Gerät
hallucination Halluzination
inhabitant Bewohner(in)
instrument Instrument, Gerät
legend Legende
lifeboat Rettungsboot
local Einheimische(r)
lodging Zimmer
mansion Herrenhaus
the paranormal das Übersinnliche
party Gruppe
phantom Gespenst
porter Portier, Portiersfrau
provisions Proviant
quarters Quartier, Unterkunft
runaway Ausreißer(in)
sail Segel
sceptic Skeptiker(in)
sighting Meldung, dass etw gesichtet wurde
site Stätte, Schauplatz
suspect Verdächtige(r)
sword Schwert
suspense Spannung
temple Tempel
tornado Wirbelsturm
whirlwind Wirbelsturm
wreckage Wrack, Trümmer
assure versichern
behead enthaupten
board einsteigen
drag schleifen
excavate ausgraben
reveal offenbaren
scan scannen
shift rutschen
sink sinken
stress betonen
unload entladen, ausladen
witness Zeuge (einer Sache) sein, bezeugen
casual leger
cramped beengt, eng
deserted verlassen
disembodied körperlos
disposable Wegwerf-
grotesque grotesk
haunted ein Haus, in dem es spukt
idle faul
lethal tödlich
maritime See-, Schifffahrts-, zur See gehörig
massive riesig
prominent hervorstehend
random wahllos
scruffy schmuddelig
severe sehr schlecht, hart, scharf
smart schick
steep steil
suspicious verdächtig, misstrauisch
unsolved ungelöst, unaufgeklärt
vital 1) äußerst wichtig 2) vital
appallingly schrecklich
indefinitely auf unbestimmte Zeit
Phrasal verbs
break up zerbrechen, zerschellen
build sth up etw aufbauen
carry out sth etw ausführen
find (sth) out (etw) herausfinden
leave sth behind etw zurücklassen, etw
look into sth etw untersuchen
make for sth auf etw zusteuern
make sb/sth out jdn/etw erkennen
meet with sth auf etw stoßen, etw erleiden
run into sb jdn zufällig treffen
run into sth in etw geraten
stand up to sth etw aushalten, einer Sache
turn out to be sich als etw herausstellen
warn sb off jdn fortjagen
on board an Bord
on/off duty im/außer Dienst
put sb/sth to the test jdn/etw auf die Probe stellen
set foot (in/on sth) etw betreten
take shape Gestalt annehmen
things that go bump in the night Gespenster
Unit 7
alternative Alternative
capsule Raumkapsel
character Figur
clay Ton
coincidence Zufall
craftsman Handwerker(in)
critic Kritiker(in)
isolation Abgeschiedenheit
landmark Wahrzeichen
landslide Erdrutsch
notion Vorstellung, Idee
plot Handlung
plus Pluspunkt
recognition Anerkennung
review Besprechung, Rezension, Kritik
rioting Ausschreitungen, Krawalle
sequel Fortsetzung
setting Schauplatz
settlement Siedlung
source Quelle
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
storyline Handlung
superiority Überlegenheit
upbringing Erziehung
values Werte, Wertvorstellungen
adapt bearbeiten
broaden erweitern
carve meißeln, schnitzen
convey vermitteln
dive tauchen
eliminate eliminieren
emerge hervortreten, herauskommen
extend vergrößern, erweitern
fathom ergründen, hinter etw kommen
inspire inspirieren
label (jdn/etw als etw) abstempeln
pile (sich) stapeln, (sich) türmen
reveal offenbaren, bekannt geben
set spielen lassen
settle sich ansiedeln
suspend zeitweilig einstellen
transport 1) transportieren 2) versetzen
unwind sich entspannen
action-packed aktionsgeladen
affirmative bejahend
amusing lustig
anecdotal auf Anekdoten beruhend, auf
Hörensagen beruhend
anonymous anonym
argumentative streitsüchtig
bizarre bizarr
compelling spannend, mitreissend
crucial äußerst wichtig
daring mutig
exotic exotisch
gripping spannend
inconvenient ungünstig, ungelegen
intrigued neugierig
oblivious be oblivious to sth sich einer Sache
nicht bewusst sein
spine-chilling gruselig
vital äußerst wichtig
fairly ziemlich
profoundly zutiefst
quite 1) ziemlich 2) ganz
Phrasal verbs
chase sb off jdn verjagen
die out aussterben
draw sb into sth jdn in etw hineinziehen
give sth/sb away jdn/etw verraten
hang around sich herumtreiben
hang out rumhängen
take off wegrennen
wipe sth out etw zerstören
a change of heart es sich anders überlegen
be beyond sb jd begreift etw nicht
be in tune (with sb/sth) (mit jdm/etw)
make your/a mark (on sth) sich (in etw) profilieren
on behalf of sb im Namen von jdm
for a start fürs Erste
take sb’s word for it jdm glauben
within earshot in Hörweite
Unit 8
aptitude Begabung (für etw)
carbon monoxide Kohlenmonoxid
claustrophobia Klaustrophobie
commitment Engagement(für etw)
curiosity Neugier
decade Jahrzehnt
detector Detektor
discord Streit
division Unstimmigkeit (zwischen jdm/etw)
era Zeitalter
galaxy Sternsystem
gene Gen
highway (Überland)straße
kerosene Petroleum
maternity leave Mutterschaftsurlaub
microchip Mikrochip
might Macht, Kraft
nature Art, Wesen
orbit Umlaufbahn
pace Tempo
pedestrian Fußgänger(in)
puzzle Puzzle, Rätsel
reference Referenz
retail Einzelhandel
sensor Sensor
shuttle Raumfähre
sidewalk Bürgersteig
space Weltraum
term 1) Begriff 2) Semester 3) Frist, Dauer
4) Amtszeit
terminal Terminal
vision Vorstellung, Fantasiebild
wastage Verschwendung
baste mit Fett/Bratensaft begießen
blaze brennen
colonise kolonisieren
commercialise kommerzialisieren
download runterladen
expand vergrößern
float schweben
frown die Stirn runzeln
hypnotise hypnotisieren
implant implantieren, einpflanzen
jail einsperren
lease (ver)pachten, (ver)leasen
lengthen verlängern, länger werden
participate teilnehmen, sich beteiligen
preserve erhalten
pursue pursue a career einen Beruf ergreifen
recruit anwerben
sigh seufzen
speculate (über etw) Vermutungen anstellen
accurate genau
convinced überzeugt
cosmic kosmisch
desirable erwünscht
digital digital
online online
peculiar sonderbar
prophetic prophetisch
redundant jdn entlassen
relevant relevant
remote-control ferngesteuert
spicy würzig, pikant
thrilling aufregend, spannend
tremendous gewaltig, enorm
unconcerned unbekümmert
Phrasal verbs
base sth on sth etw auf etw gründen
break down zusammenbrechen, scheitern
carry out sth etw durchführen
come up with sth sich etw einfallen lassen
improve on/upon sth etw verbessern
pick up empfangen
rush by (sb/sth) (an jdm/etw) vorüberrennen
trail off (allmählich) schwächer werden
tuck sb up jdn zudecken
change the subject das Thema wechseln
have a mind of your own seinen eigenen Kopf
not have a clue keine Ahnung haben
on occasion(s) gelegentlich
have sth at your fingertips etw parat haben, etw
put your feet up die Beine/Füße hochlegen
search me keine Ahnung
Unit 9
almanac Jahrbuch
astronomy Astronomie
average Durchschnitt
background Hintergrund
bar chart Stabdiagramm
brainpower Intelligenz
breed Rasse, Art
cab Taxi
cage Käfig
capacity Fähigkeit
chart Karte
concentration Konzentration
concept Vorstellung, Begriff
confusion Verwirrung
context Zusammenhang
debt Schulden
findings Ergebnis
fortune Vermögen
graph Diagramm
host Menge
longitude geographische Länge
majority Mehrheit
meridian Meridian
minority Minderheit
mortal (Normal)sterbliche(r)
mould Schimmel
navigation 1) Navigation 2) Schiffverkehr
observatory Sternwarte
opportunity Gelegenheit
passion Leidenschaft
pendulum Pendel
pigeon Taube
qualification Qualifikation
range Auswahl, Spektrum
reaction Reaktion
relevance Relevanz, Bedeutung
rival Rivale, Rivalin
slide Dia(positiv)
acquire erwerben
analyse analysieren
assume annehmen
beat schlagen
combat bekämpfen
comment sich (über/zu etw) äußern
conduct durchführen
confirm bestätigen, bestärken
draw (etw aus etw) ziehen
dump abladen
fade verbleichen, (langsam) verschwinden
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
flash (sth up) (etw) einblenden
highlight hervorheben, deutlich machen
imagine (sb/sth doing sth) sich (jd/etw) vorstellen
maintain aufrechterhalten
outperform übertreffen
outshine übertreffen, in den Schatten stellen
overcome überwinden
overestimate überschätzen
recite vortragen
rotate rotieren, sich drehen
store speichern
tell (A und B) auseinander halten
tend tendieren
underestimate unterschätzen
visualise sich etw (bildlich) vorstellen
angular kantig
complicated kompliziert
confused verwirrt
confusing verwirrend
contradictory widersprüchlich
dappled gesprenkelt
discerning anspruchsvoll
encouraging ermutigend
fatal tödlich
imaginative fantasievoll, einfallsreich
informative informativ
observant aufmerksam
prime Haupt-, hauptsächlich
rare selten
significant bedeutend, deutlich
spatial räumlich
startling verblüffend
surreal surreal
visual optisch
vivid lebhaft
worrying beunruhigend
dead total
elsewhere anderswo
intimately eng
repeatedly wiederholt
Phrasal verbs
cut down (on sth) sich (bei etw) einschränken
put sb off (sb/sth/doing sth) jdm etw/jdn
take after sb jdm nachschlagen, jdm ähneln
take it out on sb etw an jdm auslassen
take sth back etw zurücknehmen
take sth in etw verstehen, etw registrieren
take to sb/sth an jdm/etw Gefallen finden
work sth out 1) etw herausfinden, etw lösen 2) etw
all in all alles in allem
be no contest keine Chance haben
not in the least überhaupt nicht, nicht im
Unit 10
arbitration Schlichtung
base (militärischer) Stützpunkt
battlefield Schlachtfeld
capital Kapital
cause Anliegen, guter Zweck
citizen Staatsbürger(in)
cockerel junger Hahn
compensation Schadenersatz (für etw)
courtship Werben, Liebschaft
divide Kluft
heir Erbe, Erbin
hen Henne
issue Thema
the limelight das Rampenlicht
litigation Rechtsstreit, Prozess
loyalty Loyalität
marine Marineinfanterist
merchandise Ware(n)
profit Gewinn
rank Dienstgrad
re-enactment Nachspielen
reputation Ruf
resource Mittel, Ressource
rights Rechte
sacrifice Opfer
script Manuskript, Drehbuch
spectator Zuschauer(in)
thriller Thriller
tie Bindung, Beziehung
applaud applaudieren
assassinate ermorden, meucheln
betray verraten
commit (Verbrechen etc.) begehen
confess (etw) gestehen
confine (jdn in etw) einsperren
convict (wegen einer Sache) schuldig befinden
demote degradieren
deport ausweisen, deportieren
detain in Haft nehmen
discharge entlassen
dismiss entlassen
enforce durchsetzen
enrol sich anmelden
feud sich befehden
fire entlassen, feuern
flee fliehen
forge fälschen
free freilassen, befreien
fund finanzieren
insist auf etw bestehen
plead flehen, jdn anflehen
promote für etw werben
reckon schätzen
resolve lösen
rocket kometenhaft aufsteigen
sack entlassen, feuern
seek suchen
serve dienen
shrug mit den Achseln zucken
sue klagen
surrender kapitulieren
testify aussagen
urge dringend raten
vindicate rechtfertigen, rehabilitieren
warn warnen
adaptable anpassungsfähig
baggy weit (geschnitten)
devastating katastrophal
engaged verlobt
formative prägend, formend
interactive interaktiv
key Schlüssel-
pushy (übermäßig) ehrgeizig
resentful verärgert
unappreciated nicht gewürdigt
undervalued nicht gewürdigt, unterbewertet
Phrasal verbs
clown around den Clown spielen
find (sth) out (etw) herausfinden
kit sb out (in sth) jdn (mit etw) ausstatten
look through sth etw (schnell) durchlesen
make for sb/sth auf jdn/etw zusteuern
move on etw anderes machen
opt out (of sth) (bei etw) nicht länger mitmachen,
(aus etw) aussteigen
sign up einen Vertrag für etw unterschreiben
split up (with sb) sich (von jdm) trennen
stand up for sb/sth sich für jdn/etw einsetzen
go the whole way aufs Ganze gehen
in excess of mehr als
fall in love (with sb) sich (in jdn) verlieben
kick yourself sich in den Hintern beißen
knack for doing sth Talent zu etw
make fun of sb/sth sich über jdn/etw lustig
make a habit of doing sth sich etw angewöhnen
no matter who, what, where egal wer, was, wo
not worth the effort die Mühe nicht wert
raise the tone das Niveau heben
snap decision spontane Entscheidung
stroke of luck Glücksfall
take sth for granted etw als Selbstverständlichkeit
take advantage of sb/sth jdn ausnutzen, sich etw
zunutze machen
take your (own) life Selbstmord begehen
come your way jdm über den Weg laufen
turn your back on sb/sth sich von jdm/etw
abwenden, etw aufgeben
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Unit 1
agency agenzia
aim fine, scopo
arch arco
armadillo armidillo
armour armatura
audience pubblico
billboard tabellone pubblicitario
brand name marca
break occasione
camouflage mimetizzamento
cosmetic surgery chirurgia plastica
criticism critica
diversity diversità
emphasis importanza
enlargement ingrandimento
eyelid ciglia
fan ammiratore, tifoso
figure linea
hedgehog riccio
identity identità
impact influsso
lens lente
look immagine
mammal mammifero
mate compagno
negative negativo
peacock pavone print stampa
scar cicatrice
security sicurezza
shell conchiglia
sitcom commedia appuntate
snapshot istantanea
source fonte
spine spina
stick insect insetto stecco
stripe banda
supervision sorveglianza
talent talento
approve approvare, accettare
assign assegnare
consume consumare
diet fare la dieta
exploit sfruttare
expose esporre
illustrate mostrare
launch varare
neglect trascurare
opt scegliere
promote pubblicizzare
react reagire
represent caratterizzare, rappresentare, descrivere
survive sopravvivere
symbolise simboleggiare
associated collegato
blurred annebbiato
countless innumerevole
dated antiquato, fuori moda
depressing deprimente
fake falso
glamorous affascinante
identifiable riconoscibile
irresistible irresistibile
mature maturo
multi-cultural multietnico
mysterious misterioso
obsessed fissato
potential potenziale
predictable prevedibile
rebellious ribelle
tanned abbronzato
unanimous all’unanimità
vain vanitoso
worthless privo di valore
definitely di sicuro
in conclusion infine
Phrasal verbs
fall over inciampare
fall/get behind (with sth) rimanere indietro
get ahead (of sb) andare avanti, fare progressi
go for sb/sth scegliere
go on (about sb/sth) continuare
go out (with sb) uscire con qcn
identify with sb/sth identificarsi con qcn
send sth out emettere
stand for sth equivalere a, stare per
have/play a part (in sth) giocare un ruolo
Unit 2
blame colpa
case study casistica, studio analitico
celebration festeggiamento
challenge sfida
cheerfulness allegria
confidence sicurezza di sé
demonstration manifestazione
expectation aspettativa
nuisance seccatura
psychiatrist psichiatra
outing gita, escursione
parade corteo
pressure situazione opprimente
relationship relazione
temper collera
adopt adottare
anticipate prevenire, aspettarsi
bother infastidire
cope affrontare
deny negare
drown annegare
fancy piacere a, desiderare
matter importare
mind avere qcs in contrario
overwhelm sopraffare
persuade convincere
pretend fare finta
resent risentirsi
spoil viziare
stand sopportare
yell urlare
conscious consapevole
defensive chiuso, diffidente
fed up stufo
horrified inorridito
keen appassionato
meaningful significativo
multi-racial multirazziale
used abituato a
worth valere la pena
enthusiastically con entusiasmo
eventually alla fine
feebly debolmente
hurriedly in fretta
instead invece
ironically ironicamente
miserably infelicemente
smoothly senza difficoltà
steadily costantemente
Phrasal verbs
end up andare a finire
get away with sth/doing sth farla franca
get on with sb andare d’accordo con qcn
get round sb convincere
join in (sth/doing sth) partecipare
put off doing sth rimandare
turn (sb/sth) into sth trasformarsi
clear the air allentare la tensione
get into trouble mettersi nei guai
get rid of sb/sth disfarsi di qcn
go wrong 1) sbagliare, sbagliarsi 2) andare male,
andare a rotoli
in spite of (sth/doing sth) nonostante
be no good (doing sth) essere inutile
it’s no use (doing sth) essere inutile
lose your temper arrabbiarsi
take sth too far forzare qcs
Unit 3
access accesso, via libera
archive archivio
the bottom line la sostanza, l’essenziale
broadcast programma, trasmissione televisiva o
broadsheet giornale
channel canale
chat show talk show
circulation tiratura
columnist columnist, articolista
coverage copertura (televisiva), ampia risonanza a
un avvenimento
current affairs attualità
documentary documentario
editorial articolo di fondo
factor fattore
feature articolo importante
foreign correspondent inviato agli esteri
gossip column rubrica di cronaca rosa
halt sosta, fermata
headline titolo di giornale
host ospite, padrone di casa
insight approfondimento
item notizia
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Upper-Intermediate See Matrix Student’s Book for phonetic transcriptions and definitions taken from the
Oxford Wordpower Dictionary for learners of English © Oxford University Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 19 431516 9. media mass media
point motivo, scopo
press la stampa
quiz show gioco a quiz
search engine motore di ricerca
set apparecchio
slogan slogan, motto pubblicitario
soap opera telenovela
spirits stato d’animo
tabloid giornale scandalistico
trivia banalità
allocate assegnare
ban bandire
break scoppiare
devote dedicarsi
establish fondare
gather radunare
maintain tenere in ordine
regard considerarsi
represent rappresentare
current attuale, odierno
edgy irascibile, nervoso
interactive interattivo
numb intorpidito
restless inquieto
sensationalist sensazionalistico, scandalistico
according to secondo
Phrasal verbs
key sth in digitare
look sth up cercare
track sb/sth down scovare
all in all dopo tutto
in print stampato
without doubt senza dubbio, indubbiamente
Unit 4
acid rain pioggia acida
anorak giacca impermeabile
ash cenere
the atmosphere l’atmosfera
avalanche valanga
axe accetta
binoculars binocolo
campaign campagna
captivity cattività
cheetah ghepardo
compass bussola
conservation protezione, tutela
contribution contributo
coral reef barriera corallina
crater cratere
ecosystem ecosistema
famine carestia
first aid pronto soccorso
flare segnale luminoso
food chain catena alimentare
habitat habitat
handler addestratore di animali
the homeless i senzatetto
jungle giungla
lava lava
oil slick chiazza di petrolio
operation intervento
orang-utan orango, orangutan outskirts periferia
postgraduate laureato che frequenta un corso
release rilascio
shelter rifugio
snowboarding snowboard
starvation fame, inedia
status posizione sociale
superstar divo
survival sopravvivenza
tornado tornado
assure assicurare
erupt eruttare
misunderstand fraintendere
owe dovere, essere in debito con qcn
preserve conservare
rehabilitate riabilitare
suffer soffrire
charming attraente, delizioso
convinced convinto
dramatic teatrale
extinct estinto
faint-hearted codardo
marine marino
materialistic materialistico
over-priced caro, dal prezzo esorbitante
priceless inestimabile
solitary solitario
subconscious subcosciente
tight-fisted tirchio, avaro
welcome libero, autorizzato a
well-off ricco, agiato
worthy degno
Phrasal verbs
book sb in/into sth prenotare
butt in (on sb/sth) interrompere
come up with sth trovare, presentare
finish sb/sth off far fuori, uccidere
give sth away dare via
help (sb) out aiutare
pick sth up 1) andare a prendere 2) ricevere un
segnale elettronico
as far as sth goes… nella misura in cui
have come a long way fare molta strada
lose your touch perdere l’abilità
never mind!non importa
not on your life!neanche per sogno!
not to worry non importa
too bad!che peccato!
well done!benissimo
what a pity/shame!che peccato!
with regard (to sb/sth) per quanto riguarda
Unit 5
ancestor avo, antenato
athlete atleta
belief credo
breakdown guasto
breakthrough progresso, scoperta decisiva
bug mania
cash till cassa
courtyard cortile
criticism critica
dedication devozione
destination destinazione
distribution distribuzione
drawback inconveniente
expedition spedizione
flavour sapore, gusto
jigsaw puzzle
loan prestito
monolith monolito
motive ragione, motivo
myth mito
paperwork documentazione
peak cima, vetta
performance spettacolo
puncture foratura
record primato
rejection rifiuto
resolve risoluzione
role ruolo
role model modello
stereotype stereotipo
summit vertice
terrain terreno
tip consiglio
triplet gemello di parto trigemino
approach rivolgersi
audition fare un provino, un’audizione
capture catturare
deserve meritare
encompass ricoprire
go backpacking fare escursionismo con zaino e
sacco a pelo
graduate laurearsi
hallucinate allucinare
handle trattare
hesitate essere incerto
paraphrase parafrasare
pop sbucare
raise 1) raccogliere fondi 2) crescere
resume riprendere
awful moltissimo, un sacco
blindfolded con gli occhi bendati
broke squattrinato, al verde
dedicated che si dedica con impegno
demanding esigente
determined risoluto
disturbing preoccupante
dual duplice, doppio
fluent spedito
formidable 1) spaventoso 2) arduo
frustrating frustrante
jubilant trionfante
knackered stanco morto, esausto
marathon maratone
nasty cattivo
novelty novità
outstanding eccellente
sociable socievole
towering imponente, altissimo
work-shy sfaticato, restio a lavorare
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
leisurely con comodo
logistically logisticamente
Phrasal verbs
add (sth) up sommare, fare i conti
back sb/sth up appoggiare qcn
blow up esplodere
break up finire
deal with sb trattare
dress up vestirsi con eleganza
fall back on sb/sth far ricorso a
fit sb/sth in far quadrare, trovare il tempo per lay sth down stabilire
pick sb/sth up andare a prendere
pile up accumularsi
set out mettersi in viaggio
set (sth) up fondare, mettere su
settle down mettersi a posto
take off decollare, avere successo
be dying to do sth morire dalla voglia di
get cracking spicciarsi
give sb a hard time rendere la vita difficile a qcn
loads (of sth) moltissimo, un sacco
make sense avere senso
nowhere near neanche lontanamente, essere
lontano da
sort of In un certo modo, piuttosto
Unit 6
alien extraterrestre
archaeologist archeologo
barrel botte
basement seminterrato
cabin cabina
cargo carico
conflict lotta, conflitto
corpse cadavere
costume costume, vestito tipico regionale
crew equipaggio
crop circle In un area coltivata a cereali, area
circolare in cui i gambi sono stati schiacciati per
terra deck ponte di nave, piano dell’autobus
doorstep gradino della porta
draught corrente
Encounter incontro
enquiry richiesta
entrepreneur imprenditore
evidence prove
extraterrestrial extraterrestre
figure sagoma
flaw difetto, punto debole
formation formazione
foundation fondamenta
fraud truffa
fumes esalazioni
gadget aggeggio
hallucination allucinazione
inhabitant abitante
instrument strumento
legend leggenda
lifeboat scialuppa di salvataggio
local del luogo
lodging camere in affitto
mansion palazzo
the paranormal il paranormale
party gruppo
phantom fantasma, spettro
porter portiere
provisions provviste
quarters alloggi
runaway fuggitivo
sail vela
sceptic scettico
sighting avvistamento
site luogo
suspect persona sospetta
sword spada
suspense impazienza, incertezza
temple tempio tornado tornado
whirlwind turbine d’aria
wreckage relitto
assure assicurare
behead decapitare
board salire
drag trascinare
excavate scavare
reveal rivelare
scan fare uno scanning
shift spostare
sink affondare
stress mettere in risalto, sottolineare
unload scaricare
witness assistere, essere testimone
casual informale
cramped stretto, limitato
deserted deserto, vuoto
disembodied liberare dal corpo
disposable usa e getta
grotesque grottesco
haunted infestato da spettri o fantasmi
idle indolente, ozioso
lethal letale
maritime marittimo
massive enorme
prominent sporgente
random a caso
scruffy trasandato
severe grave
smart elegante
steep ripido
suspicious diffidente
unsolved irrisolto
vital essenziale
appallingly terribilmente
indefinitely a tempo indeterminato
Phrasal verbs
break up spezzarsi
build sth up farsi, costruirsi
carry out sth eseguire find (sth) out scoprire
leave sth behind dimenticarsi qcs
look into sth analizzare, esaminare
make for sth dirigersi, avviarsi
make sb/sth out riuscire a vedere
meet with sth ricevere
run into sb imbattersi in qcn
stand up affrontare
turn out rivelarsi
warn sb off intimare a qcn di allontanarsi
on board a bordo
on/off duty in servizio, fuori servizio
put sb/sth to the test mettere alla prova
set foot (in/on sth) mettere piede
take shape prendere forma
things that go bump into the night i rumori
misteriosi che si sentono di notte
Unit 7
alternative alternativa, scelta
capsule capsula
character personaggio
clay argilla
coincidence caso, coincidenza
craftsman artigiano
critic critico
isolation isolamento
landmark punto di riferimento
landslide frana
notion idea
plot trama
plus vantaggio
recognition riconoscimento
review recensione
rioting rivolta
sequel continuazione, seguito
setting ambientazione
settlement insediamento
source fonte
storyline intreccio
superiority superiorità
upbringing educazione, allevamento
values valori, principi
adapt adattare
broaden allargare
carve intagliare
convey trasmettere, comunicare
dive tuffarsi
eliminate eliminare
emerge apparire
extend estendere, allargare
fathom capire bene
inspire ispirare
label etichettare
pile ammucchiare, accatastare
reveal rivelare
set ambientare
settle andare a vivere
suspend differire
transport 1) trasportare 2) lasciarsi trasportare
unwind rilassarsi
action-packed pieno d’azione
affirmative positivo
amusing divertente
anecdotal aneddotico
anonymous anonimo
argumentative polemico
bizarre molto strano
compelling irresistibile
crucial importante
daring audace
exotic esotico
gripping coinvolgente
inconvenient inopportuno
intrigued affascinato
oblivious ignaro
spine-chilling agghiacciante
vital importante
fairly abbastanza
profoundly intensamente
quite 1) abbastanza 2) veramente, realmente
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
Phrasal verbs
chase sb off cacciar via
die out scomparire
draw sb into sth coinvolgere
give sth/sb away rivelare
hang around bighellonare
hang out piazzare le tende (fig)
take off andarsene
wipe sth out eliminare, distruggere
a change of heart un mutamento d’umore
be beyond sb essere al di sopra delle proprie
be in tune (with sb/sth) essere in armonia con qcn
make your/a mark (on sth) lasciare traccia di sè
on behalf of sb da parte di
for a start tanto per iniziare
take sb’s word for it prendere qcn in parola
within earshot a portata d’orecchio
Unit 8
aptitude propensione
carbon monoxide monossido di carbonio
claustrophobia claustrofobia
commitment impegno
curiosity curiosità
decade decennio
detector rivelatore
discord disaccordo
division divergenza
era epoca
galaxy galassia
gene gene
highway autostrada
kerosene cherosene
maternity leave congedo, aspettativa per
microchip microprocessore
might forza
nature natura, carattere
orbit orbita
pace andatura
pedestrian pedone
puzzle puzzle
reference lettera di referenza
retail al dettaglio
sensor sensore
shuttle navetta
sidewalk marciapiede
space spazio
term 1) trimestre 2 )durata
terminal terminale, unità periferica
vision visione
wastage spreco
baste cospargere (l’arrosto) con burro o grasso
blaze splendere
colonise colonizzare
commercialise rendere commerciabile
download scaricare
expand allargare, espandere
float galleggiare, fluttuare
frown corrugare la fronte
hypnotise ipnotizzare
implant impiantare
jail mettere in prigione
lease dare in affitto
lengthen allungare
participate partecipare
preserve conservare
pursue proseguire
recruit assumere personale
sigh sospirare
speculate congetturare
accurate preciso
convinced convinto
cosmic cosmico
desirable desiderabile
digital digitale
online in linea, on-line
peculiar strano
prophetic profetico
redundant licenziato
relevant importante
remote-control telecomando
spicy piccante
thrilling eccitante
tremendous moltissimo
unconcerned noncurante
Phrasal verbs
base sth on sth basarsi
break down rompersi
carry out sth eseguire, portare a termine
come up with sth trovare
improve on/upon sth fare meglio
pick up captare (segnale)
rush by (sb/sth) sfrecciare
trail off affievolirsi
tuck sb up rimboccare le coperte
change the subject cambiare argomento
have a mind of your own essere di un’opinione
not have a clue non avere la minima idea
on occasion(s) qualche volta
have sth at your fingertips conoscere bene qcs
put your feet up rilassarsi
search me non avere la più pallida idea
Unit 9
almanac calendario, almanacco
tides marea
astronomy astronomia
average media
background sfondo
bar chart grafico
brainpower intelligenza
breed razza
cab tassì
cage gabbia
capacity portata
chart cartina, mappa
concentration concentrazione
concept idea, concetto
confusion trambusto
context contesto
debt debito
findings scoperte
fortune una fortuna
graph diagramma
host gran numero, moltitudine
longitude longitudine
majority maggior parte
meridian meridiano
minority minoranza
mortal mortale
mould muffa
navigation navigazione
observatory osservatorio
opportunity occasione
passion passione
pendulum pendolo
pigeon piccione
qualification titolo di studio
range gamma
reaction reazione
relevance attinenza
rival rivale
slide diapositiva
acquire acquisire
analyse analizzare
assume supporre, presumere
beat battere
combat combattere
comment fare osservazioni, commenti
conduct organizzare
confirm confermare
draw trarre
dump scaricare
fade affievolirsi
flash trasmettere
highlight dar rilievo
imagine immaginare
maintain mantenere
outperform eclissare
outshine brillare maggiormente
overcome superare
overestimate sopravvalutare
recite recitare
rotate (far) ruotare
store memorizzare
tell distinguere
tend tendere
underestimate sottovalutare
visualise immaginarsi
angular angoloso, spigoloso
complicated complicato
confused disorientato
confusing confuso
contradictory contraddittorio
dappled maculato
discerning acuto, penetrante
encouraging incoraggiante
fatal letale
imaginative fantasioso, immaginativo
informative istruttivo
observant attento, perspicace
prime principale
rare raro
significant significativo
spatial spaziale
startling allarmante
surreal strano
visual visivo
vivid brillante, vivido
worrying preoccupante
dead completamente, del tutto
elsewhere qualche altra parte
intimately intimamente
repeatedly ripetutamente
Phrasal verbs
cut down (on sth) ridurre
put sb off (sb/sth/doing sth) far perdere la voglia
take after sb assomigliare a qcn
take it out on sb farla pagare a qcn
take sth back ritirare (un’affermazione)
take sth in capire
take to sb/th affezionarsi a qcn.
work sth out 1) risolvere 2) calcolare
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
all in all tutto sommato
be no contest non c’è gara
not in the least affatto
Unit 10
arbitration arbitrato
base base militare
battlefield campo di battaglia
capital capitale
cause causa
citizen cittadino
cockerel gallo
compensation risarcimento
courtship corteggiamento
divide divario
heir erede
hen gallina
issue problema
the limelight alla ribalta, in vista
litigation causa
loyalty lealtà
marine fante di marina
merchandise merce
profit profitto
rank rango
re-enactment ricostruzione
reputation reputazione
resource fondi
rights diritti
sacrifice sacrificio
script copione
spectator spettatore
thriller poliziesco
tie legame
applaud applaudire
assassinate assassinare
betray 1) rivelare un segreto 2) tradire
commit perpetrare
confess confessare
confine rinchiudere
convict condannare
demote retrocedere di grado
deport deportare, istradare
detain detenere
discharge congedare, dimettere
dismiss licenziare
enforce far rispettare
enroll iscriversi, arruolare
feud faida
fire licenziare
flee scappare
forge falsificare
free liberare
fund finanziare
insist insistere
plead supplicare
promote pubblicizzare
reckon ritenere
resolve risolvere
rocket salire a razzo
sack licenziare
seek cercare
serve prestare servizio
shrug alzare le spalle
sue fare causa
surrender arrendersi
testify testimoniare
urge esortare
vindicate far valere
warn mettere in guardia
adaptable che sa adattarsi
baggy largo e sformato
devastating scioccante
engaged fidanzato
formative formativo
interactive interattivo
key molto importante
pushy intraprendente
resentful risentito
unappreciated non stimato e apprezzato
undervalued sottovalutato
Phrasal verbs
clown around fare il pagliaccio
find (sth) out scoprire
kit sb out (in sth) attrezzare
look through sth controllare, rivedere
make for sb/sth avviarsi
move on andare avanti
opt out (of sth) dissociarsi
sign up firmare, ratificare
split up (with sb) separarsi
stand up for sb/sth appoggiare
go the whole way fare di tutto
in excess of in eccedenza
fall in love (with sb) innamorarsi
kick yourself prendersi a schiaffi
knack for essere molto bravo a fare qcs
make fun of sb/sth prendere in giro
make a habit of fare l’abitudine
no matter who, what, where chiunque,
qualunque, dovunque
not worth the effort non vale la pena
raise the tone alzare il tono, migliorare
snap decision decisione affrettata
stroke of luck colpo di fortuna
take sth for granted dare per scontato
take advantage of sb/sth approfittare
take your (own) life togliersi la vita
come your way capitare per caso
turn your back on sb/sth abbandonare
Matrix Upper-Intermediate© Oxford University Press 2003
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