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Present Perfect, Past Simple, Past Perfect

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СПОСОБЫ ВЫРАЖЕНИЯ ДЕЙСТВИЙ В ПРОШЕДШЕМ ВРЕМЕНИ
ВремяPresent PerfectPast SimplePast PerfectЗначениеДействие, которое завершилось к определенному моменту в настоящем и результат которого виден сейчас.Действие, которое произошло в какой-то момент в прошлом и не имеющее связи с настоящим.Прошедшее действие, завершившееся к определенному моменту в прошлом или произошедшее раньше другого прошедшего действия.Указатели времениjust; already; ever; never; yet; lately, recently, twice / thrice;
this week / month / year ; for ...; since ...yesterdayж the day before yesterday;
last week / last month / last year;
.... ago; in May / in 1990; whenby, before, when
(с указанием какого-то момента или действия в прошлом)Форма
пример
+I
you
we
theyhave + Ved / V3
They have watched the film.
I have written the table.I
he
she
it
you
we
they
Ved / V2
They watched the film yesterday.
I wrote the exercise two hours ago.
I
you
we
they
he
she
ithad + Ved / V3
I had written the letter by the time my mother came home.
Peter had finished his homework before his friends came.he
she
ithas + Ved / V3
He has watched the film.
She has written the table.
-I
you
we
theyhave not (haven't) + Ved / V3
They haven't watched the film.
I haven't written the table.I
he
she
it
you
we
they
did not (didn't) + V1
They didn't watch the film yesterday.
I didn't write the exercise two hours ago.
I
you
we
they
he
she
ithad not (hadn't) + Ved / V3
I hadn't written the letter by the time my mother came home.
Peter hadn't finished his homework before his friends came.he
she
ithas not (hasn't) + Ved / V3
She hasn't watched the film.
He hasn't written the table.?I
you
we
theyHave ... Ved / V3 ?
Have you watched the film?
Have they written the table?I
he
she
it
you
we
theyDid ... V1 ?
Did they watch the film yesterday?
Did you write the exercise two hours ago?
I
you
we
they
he
she
itHad ... Ved / V3 ?
Had you written the letter by the time my mother came home?
Had Peter finished his homework before his friends came?
he
she
itHas ... Ved / V3 ?
Has he watched the film?
Has she written the table?
Автор
n.s.vasilyeva
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simple, perfect, past, present
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