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Ancient Roman Culture - Monroe County Schools

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Ancient Roman Culture
By: Bailey Copas, Brooklyn Bryant, Ariel Emberton,
& Megan Pennington
• The father was the head of the household.
• The father was responsible for the actions of any member
of his household. If anyone in his family committed a
crime he could be punished for something they did.
• There were 2 types of schools in Rome. The first type was for
children about 11 or 12. They learned to read, write, and do
basic mathematics.
• For writing, they used a stylus and a wax tablet.
• Older children would go to more advanced schools where they
did studies on topics such as public speaking.
• Girls rarely went to these schools as they were allowed to get
married at the age of 12, where boys had to wait until they were
14 to get married.
Social Classes
• Ancient Rome consisted of Upper, middle, and lower class
• In the Upper class there were: wealthy landowners, nobles, and
• The middle class was mostly: farmers, traders, and city workers.
• In the lower class were enslaved people.
Sports and games
• Roman Men excercised and practiced riding, horse racing,
wrestling, boxing, archery and swimming.
• The gambled with ivory dice and played games similar to chess.
• Chariot racing was Rome’s most popular pastime.
• The public baths were something Romans enjoyed doing. People
from nearly every class could attend the thermae(public baths)
similar to modern day fitness clubs.
• Both men and women wore leather sandals, or leather boots in
cold weather.
• Women wore wooden hairsticks or wooden combs in their hair,
that they could also use to comb their hair.
• Also men wear togas, also called tunics.
• They made houses with sundried brick
on heavy timber.
• Roman houses were built around an open courtyard. The open
roof vented smoke and let the rainwater in. The open center
usually contained a leisure area with a bath, chairs, and
sometimes a garden.
• The inside of the house contained rooms for the family, a dining
room, and indoor bathrooms.
• Meals were centered around corn, oil and wine.
• Bread was the single most often eaten food in Ancient Rome.
• Fish and oysters were especially popular and meat was in high
demand as well.
• Breakfast was often nothing more than a piece of bread.
• For the poor, meals consisted of porridge or bread with meat and
• For the wealthy, the meal was divided into three courses. The main
course consisted of cooked vegetables and meats.
Reference Slide
• Human Heritage Book
Julius Caesar
By: Ariel Emberton, Bailey Copas,
Brooklyn Bryant, & Megan
• Father- Gaius Julius Caesar.
• Mother- Aurelia.
• First marriage to Cornelia Cinnilla, from 83 BC until her death
in childbirth in 69 or 68 BC.
• Second marriage to Pompeia, from 67 BC until he divorced her
around 61 BC.
• Third marriage to Calpurnia Pisonis, from 59 BC until Caesar's
• He was born in Rome in July in the year 100 B.C.
• His father Gaius Caesar, died when Caesar was 16
years old.
Julius Caesar
• Caesar married Cornelia, daughter of Lucius Cornelius Cinna in
84 B.C.
• However, in 82 B.C., Caesar was ordered to divorce his wife by
Lucius Cornelius Sulla, an enemy of the radicals. Caesar refused
and left Rome for military service in Asia and Cilicia.
• In 78 B.C. he returned when Sulla died and began his political
career as a prosecuting advocate.
Military and War
• In 60 B.C. political power passed
that a group of 3 people also
known as a triumvirate was to rule
• Julius, Marcus Licinius Crassus,
Gnaeus Pompeius were in the 1st
The fall of Roman
• He wanted to defend tribunes that
were recently casted out of Rome.
• Pompey had to leave Rome with
senators to escape from Caesar’s
• Labienus abandoned Julius during
the war.
• Pompey’s army either retreated
or joined Caesar’s.
Caesar and
• There was a civil war in Egypt between
Cleopatra and her brother at the same time as
the fall of Roman Republic.
• Cleopatra wanted Caesar on her side knowing
he had a huge army.
• They weren’t as successful as they planned
because when they met at Alexandria’s Palace,
they were surrounded by a mad local population.
• Shortly after Caesar left Egypt, Cleopatra
gave birth to Caesar’s son-Cesarion.
• He was named governor of the Roman province
in 58 B.C.
• He built large and strong armies.
• In 7 years he conquered Northern France and
• He invaded Britain.
• In 50 B.C., the senate told Caesar to break up
his legions because they thought he was
beginning to become too strong, he didn’t and
took over Rome.
His Death
• Romans were afraid that Caesar
planned to make himself king.
• About 60 men, thought and
worked out a plan to kill him.
• He got 23 stabs by a
dagger but only one killing.
Reference Slide
• Human Heritage Book
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