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TM 2011-03

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тАв 
IIW 
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1963 r. 
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The Age of the ~ P O MO N. The Byzantine Navy ca 500- 1204. Brill Academic Publishers, 2006. P. 423. 20. Codice diplomatico della Republica Genova. Roma, 1939, v. 3, act. 50,p. 112 (u,um. no: Ky3neu,oB B. A. XpucmuaucmBo 11a CeBep1to.ilf KaBJ<:a3e oo XV eeKa. B!laOuKaBKa3, 2002). 21. Tamuw,eB B. H. lfcmopU5l PoccuUCKafl c Ca.AtblX opeBueuwux Bpe . .tte1l. Ku. 3. M., 1774. C.465. 22. IICPJI. T. I. Cm6. 390. 23. C!loBo o noJtKy lfzopeBe. M.; JI., 1950. C. 13. 24. Tpaouu,uonuaJI oamupoBKa .>- 1187 z. (A. A. FopCKUU OK01t1Jame!lbllY10 Bepcwo npoU3BeOeHUfl omnocum K oce11u 1188 z.) Bmopy10 peiJaK7-iU10 -tBJtaOUA1UpcKozo cBoOa┬╗, B Komopy10 BOWeJl paccKa3 0 noxooe BceBOJlOOa, npu115lmO damupoeamb ue pauee 1189 z. B 6eJiblX aJireJTbCKHX O,llC)Kt(aX - Lialll C Mbl 11x BHt\11M B 6 o eBbi X aocrrexax. l1 Kp ecTbi Ha p yCCKHX BOHTCJI.HX, 6e3yCJIOBIIO, CCTb - HO TOJ!bKO HaTeJi bllbiC. lJplmiiCbi BaTb )KC 11M llt(COJIOrHIO BO)Kt(err Kp CCTOBO- ro 1\BIUKeHHH n errpaBoMepHo. 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CiliA HCITb!TbJBaJta so BbeTHaMe 7,62-MM .nsyxnyJtbl tbiM naTpoH HATO M198, rrpi1H5!TbiM Ha BOOpyJKCHI1C aMepHKaHCKOl! apM1 1H B 1964 r. )lyrrneKCHblll naTpOil, B KOTO[)OM TIYJII1 paCITOJJaraJJHCb ITO CXCMC ┬лTaH,l(CM >>, 6biJI pa3pa6oTaH cpHpMOl l ┬лBHH'!CCTep-BCCTCp111>. fipOl(CCC pa3BI1Tl15! ,l(ByxnyJi bHblX 6oenpHnaCOB np~!BeJI K C03,l(aHHIO naTpOita C TpCM5! nyJI5JMH. l1.3BCCTI-Ibl OllbiTHbiC o6pa3Ubl naTpOJJa- TpHITJICKCa cepC,l(HHbl 60-x rr., B KOTOpblX ,l(OHL(C BTOpOH 11. TpCTbCM rryJt l1 TaK)I 113 o6bt'!ltbiX nyJJb c O,l(HHM o6ll.(aM MeTaTC Jibl tbiM 3ap5!,l(OM (!). B fepMaii HIтИЩI so speMH BTopoi1 M11posoi1. HeKTO UcTTCJib 3aHvtMaJrcH opyJKI-reMтИЩ, M3BCCTI!biM no.n Hll,l(CKCOM HF15. Pa6oTbr BeJtHCb Ha cpHpMc << fycTJtOB-BepKe1> B 3yJte.M.cnoJtb30- Bam1Cb rryJIJ J OT naTpoHa K 15-MM nyJieMeTy MG.151. CeMb nynh pa3MCLL(aJtHCb B CITH.paJtbJLO-Btl!ITOBOM KaHaJte (nyJtCBOH KaMCpe), OKpyJKaBlUHM UCI!Tpa J ibllblH MHoronynbHble naTpOHbl - 2, 3 M 5-nynbHble. 1950-70-e rr. Puc. Muxawza ll1Ml1.TOBA 3annOBbl il nMCTOneT (6 napannenbHblX CTBOflOB) c YA3PHbiM 33MKOM , XVIII B. 3annoBbl il nMcroner ┬лPyKa CMepTM ┬╗ pyCCKO M pa60Tbl , YA3PHbl il 3aMoK , 5 Beepoo6pa3HO pacnonOlKeHHbiX CTBOflOB , XVIII B. narpoH c 25 crpenoBMAHbiMM nynAMM, pa3pa60T3HHblil no nporpaMMe SPIW . CWA. 1962 r. :' тАв I ~ "::T 2. ~ Q. & }B 2: 2 HI nyJiesoi1 KauaJ I, cooCHhiM c KaHaJIOM CTBOJia. ITepmm nyJm pa3Mema ; racb B !lenT- paJibllOM Kal!aJie 1-tarrpOnlB OTBe pcnm B ,llHe KaMepbL ,Usa OTBepCTtl5! IIOMeHbUle BblriOJ IWIJJI1Cb B ,llae KaMephr ua nep11cpeptt11 KattaJia. ITopox B rHJib3e YKJra,llbTBaJI- c5! ceMbTO rrocJie,lloBaTeJibiiO aocnJiaMeH5!BWHMHC5! p5I,llaMH. ITocJie npo,llBH:>Keim5! Hepaoi1 nyJII1 B KaHaJI CTBoJra ,llasJTeJ- IHe HopoxoBhiX ra30B npo,llBMraJTo cJie.llyro- lilHe K !leiiTpy . TeMn CTpCJib6bl O,llH11M naTpOHOM COCTaBJT5IJT 25000 BblCTpj M111L B 1977 r. aMepuKaiiell cDpeHK EcJIJI 3anaTeHToBaJI % BHHToBKY c 6oJihlll 1 1M -reM noM CTpeJih6bi > >, OCHOBOMKOTOpoi1: 6b!JI aHaJ IOfH'Uiblll naTpoll. Cl>aKTH'-!eCK11 3TO ,llCl)f(e He naTpOH, a CTIHpaJibHblll Mara3Hil eMKOCTblO 10- 20 (!) 11YJib C O,llHI1M 06ll1HM Me- TaTeJibHblM 3ap5!,lloM. CTporo roaop5!, noJiy'raeTC5I He 3aJin, Ho LITo-To oLJer-tb K HeMy 6JII13KOe, TaK KaK BbiCTpeJI-TO BCero Q,lli1H! ,llpyroMKOHCTpyKTHBHOM Kpai1:noCTbiO 11 npoTI1BOllOJIO/KHblM flO,llXO,llOM I< npo- 6neMe 3aJif!OBOfO BbiCTpeJTa CTaJI O,llHo3ap5I,llHblM flHCTOJieT aMepHKaJ-ll[eB fapp11 Y::~nxenMa 11 MapKa MeJIJIMna 1970 r. 3,llecb TaroKe 11CnoJih3yeTC5I cnellHaJJbHoe opy:11me 11 cne116oerrpwnac. CTBoJt npe,llcTaBJI5IeT co6oi1: nJiocKwi1: rop113oHTaJibHbri1: pacTpy6 c yrJioM pacKpbiTH5! 60'. KapTe'-IHhri1: naTpoH BbmoJIHen B BM,lle rrJiocKoro napanJieJienMne,lla c o,llHoi1: BhiiiYKJicii1 cTopoHoi1:. IT prr BhtCTpeJie KapTe'Ih pa3Jie- TaeTC5! wrrpoKMM aeepoM, rapanTMPY5! rropaJKeHHe 11eJI11 ,llaJKe rrpw caMoi1 rpy6oi1: naBO,llKe opyJKH5!. C 1962 r. B CIIIA pa3pa6aTbiBaJracb %BI1HToBKa cpe,llnei1 ,llaJihHOCTHi> no npoer<- TY SALVO. ITo3,llnee 3TY rrporpaMMY c-raJIH Ha3biBaTb %HH,lli1BI1.llYaJ ibHoe opy:11me C!lellHaJTbHoro Ha3HaLieHI15Ii> - %C!lbiOi> (SPIW). 0,llrroi1: H3 f >, :JKeJiaeMhte pe3yJihTaTbT He 6hiJII1 rroJiy'-IeHbT. C 1969 r. B CIIIA Be;:J,yTc5! aKTHBHbre pa6oTbl no npHHllHHH- aJJbHo rroaoMy opy:JK11ro IDW 150, cTpenb6a 11.3 KoToporo JJ,oJIJKna necn1cb ue ny- JI5!MI1, a 115lTbfO CTpeJiaMH BeCoM 0,6 r KCl)f(Jl,a5! npvt eMKOCTI1 Mara3HI - Ia 30 naTp0HOB (T.e 150 CTpeJT). }b JlOCJie,llHHX pa3pa6oTOK TaKofo po;:J,a Ha!160JJee H3BeCTIIa CXeMa aBCTpaJIHi:i- CKOfO r> B KaJK,lloM), CHa6:JKeHHhiX 3JieKTpOiiliOM CHCTeMoM 11HI1!11111pOBaHI15!, l103BOJ I5JIOT B KOpOTKOe BpeM5! pa3BI1Tb '-Ipe3Bhi'-Iai1Ho BhiCoKyio CKOpOCTpeJihHOCTb l1 peryJIH- poBaTb ee B WHpoKHX npe;:J,eJiaX. ITo CYTH, pe'-Ib HJJ,eT 0 COBMeweHTHI H %aBToMaTH- 3al(J1l1>> CTapHHHbiX HJJ,ei:i MHOfOCTBOJ!bHhiX %OpraHOBi> H MHOf03ap5Ill,I-lh!X << 3CIIH- HOJieMi>. TeMn CTpeJih6hi orpa!-I11'-!11BaeTC51 TOJlhKO ,llOIIYCTHMhiM ypoBHeM JJ,aBJieHH51 a KaHaJie CTBoJia 11 onacuocTblO caMosocnJiaMeHeHM5! 3ap5I.llOB. ITpan,lla, ,llJI5! rroJiy- '-!eHH5! KYYHoii cTpeJib6hi Tpe6yeTc5! cne!1HaJihi-Ihri1: no,ll6op Macchi rryJih H 3ap5!JJ,oB B 3aBHCI1.MoCTI1 oT 11x noJIOJKeHHH BJJ,oJib r BhiiTYCTHJia 110 3Toi1 CXeMe-HeCKOJ!hKO o6pa3!10B l!Hll,llBHJJ,yaJTbHOro 11 Jlll'-IHOfO opy:JKI15!, pa3BHBaiOlll11X 5IK06bi TeMII 45- 60 Th!C. BhiCTpeJJoB B MHJ-IYTY. KaK BH,llHM, 3aJinoBbri1: np11H!111H CTpeJih6hr orKeHep MHoronynbHbiil naTpoH ┬л BHHTOBKH C Bb!COKHM TeMnOM CTpenb6bi┬╗. cJlp3HK 6enn. CWA . 1977 r. Py'IHOe opylKIIe CHCTeMbl ┬л CTanbHDii WTOPM ┬╗. O'llyaiiep. AacTpamtA . 1990-e rr. 0AH033PAAHblil KapTe'IHblil nllcToneT AnA nopalKeHIIA rpynnoaoii llenlt . rappll Y3nxenM 11 MapK 11ennMH. CWA. 1970 r. q pe3Bbl'lai1Hb!H 11 TIOJ!HOM0'-1- Ilblii TIOCOJ! POCCI111 B 6e3BeC'r- JIO}r acpp11KaHCKOH pecny6J!H- Ke, o6pa30BaBI!let!C~ Ha BOJIHe 1 !a!ji10HaJiblib!X peBOJIIOI!HH llleCTH.necll:Tbrx ro.nos npolllnoro seKa, IOp11i1 ITeTpoawr Yconhues OTKpbiJI sapoTa rapa.JKa 11 OTBa.JKHO 3af.ID!HJ'll BHyTpb. ITocne ll:pi>, B OTBepCTI111 KOTOpOrO 11 06Hapy)J(Hll OCTpblH U111H He3HaKOMOfO paCTeHI151. B 6pe.n:oBhiX B11.UeHI1.siX IOp1151 IleTpOBHLJa 3TH pOCCKa::JHH }lOKTOpa 0Tpa:3Hlli1Cb CaMbiM cpaHTacTwrecKHM o6pa30M. EMy Ka::Ja.nocb, '-ITO OH r.n:e-TO rlly60KO B .ll)I(YH rll51X He TO CTOHT, He TO Cl!.l{I1T Ha KOpTOLJKaX B MepTBeH- HO JlYlLIHOM!! MpaLJHOM MeCTe, Ky}la He nona- }laeT HH O}lHH COJIHeLJHbfM JlyY; BOIdezt>;.rtJ тАв i -- CTeKJU!HHYIO BXO,l(H)'IO ,n:sepb 11 Bbr6e)K3JI Ha ,n:opo)KK)'. KoHTpOJibHhiH rryHKT s oco6IDIKe 6eJ,n:eHCTBOB3JI, H rrpHXO):(HJIOCb OTIUipaTb sopoTa o6bNHhiM KJIIO'-IOM. IIoKa IOp11i1 IIeTpOBWJ B0311JIC.H c JaKJIHHHBIIIHM JaMKOM, CH,l(eBIIIHH Ja pyneM ll:OKTOp MOJI'-Ia pa3rJI.H- IJ:b!B3JI ero nom s ,l(blp.HBhiX HOCKax. Ero ce- pbre, C Jlb):(HHKOH, fJiaJa cep,l(HTO H HaCMeiii- JIHBO ITOOJieCKHBaJIH CKB03b CTeKJia O'!KOB. Hoc y ,n:oKTopa o6nyrrwnc┬╗ Ha coJIHU:e H 6biJI JaKJieeH KycocrKoM nnacTbrp.H. BTopbrM KyCO'-IKOM TIJiaCTblp.H 6hiJI o6MOTaH KOH'flfK YKaJaTeJibHOro rraJibU:a Ha npaso.H pyr> - Bhr HeceTe 6or JHaeT KaKyro 'rerryxy,- cKa- JaJI il:OKTOp. - Mo)KeT, .n:yx MreM6e sceJIHJICH s MeJrn? .. - )KaJI06Ho npe,n:nOJ!O)KHJI IOp11ii IIeTpOBH'!. - qyiiih H 6pe,n:! - o6opBaJI IJ:OKTOp. - ){(aJieiO, 'ITO Hai1JieJI BaM Tor,n:a He6hrJIHL\. - I1 BOBCe He He6hiJIHL\! - rop5I'IO B03pa311JI IOp11J1 IIeTpOBH'I. - 51 caM CBOHMH rnaJaMH BH,l(eJJ... ,llOKTOp l10,'1,03pHTeJihHO !10CMOTpeJI Ha Hero. - qTO ;JTO Bbl CBOHMH fJJaJaMH BH,U,eJIH? Hy- Ka, BbiKJ!a,l(bJBaHTe! - ,lla BOT, BH,l(eJI, CKa33JI lOpHH IIeTposWJ. I1 paCCKa33JI. 06o BCeM C CaMOro Ha'!aJia 11 no nopnm>, Ha'-!HHaJia nyJihCHpOBaTb IIO,ll, IIJiaCTblpeM. PanKa OT .HIJ:OBHTOro lllJ.ma Me)lJieHHO Ja)KH- BaJia 11 necTepnHMO '-!ecaJiacb. 1111 . Ha'!HHa.H: OT 6eJyCOf0 IOHl(a H 3aKaH'!I1- BaH JlPHXJJbiM crapHKOM. Tai1:na.H: MelfTa l1 CTpaCTHOe )KeJiaHHe BCeX OT'!a.H:HHbiX fOJIOBOpe30B, HaMaTbiBaiOIIIHX rrapceKll rro.n: BeceJihiM Po,n:)KepoM. 3a KapTy C KOOpiJ:HHaTaMH Jlexe I1p11- IIIJI0Cb OTBaJIHTb BCIO ,n:06bi'fY C ITOCJie,n:- Hero pe}r)la ,ll,a erne I1pH6aBHTb ,n:sa,n:l(aTb rpaMMOB OCMH.ll. OrrpoKI-1HYB rp.H:3Hbr}r CTaKaH C HeiTOHHTHOfO !.(BeTa 6yp,li,Ot'I, CTap11K IJ:OJlfO sepTeJI B pyKaX He60Jib- lllYIO ITJiaCTHHY cepe6pHCTO-fOJiy6osa- TOfO useTa, ITbiTa.HCb Ha Jy6 orrpe)leJIHTb rro,li,JIHHHOCTb. Ha6mo,n:an Ja ero CTapa- HH.H:MH, Jlexa HeBOJibHO ycMeXHYJICH: - He coMHesaiic.H: - '!HCToraH. ,llJin ce6.H: 6eper. IIeHcHOHHoe rroco6He K cTapocTH. 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