close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

TM 2011-10

код для вставкиСкачать
E>KeMeCH'-1 H bl C1 Hay '-I HO-nonynH pH bl C1 1-1 n I-1TepaTypHo-xyp,o>KecTse H H bl C1 >KypHan £1l3HT3CTMK3 OKHO B 6YAYlJ.lee Ardipithecus ramidus (APAM) KeHMA, 3«fJMOnMA H. habilis Caxapa H. erectus A«ffpMKa, A3MA H. rudolfensis BocTO'IHaA A«ffpMKa ....----
A. anamensis KeHMA, 3«fJMOnMA A. afarensis (ntOcM) 3«fJMonMA, TaH3aHMA A. afarensis (Taung Child) IOJKHaA A«ffpMKa • rnasHblii peAaKTop AJieKcaHilP llcpeoo3'1HKOB anp@tm-magazin.ru 3aM. rnasHoro peAaKTopa BaJiepuil llom!KOB wp@tm-magazin.ru DTseTCTBeHHblii ceKpeTapb KoHCTaHTHH c~mpHOB ck@tm-magazin.ru Hay~Hblii peAaKTOP BJiai!HMnp MciiJIHl\eB 06o3pesaTemt Cepreil AJieKcaH/lpOB, Hropb EoeYHH, IOpwii Eropoo, IOpuli EpMaKoB, IOpml MaKapoo, TaTbHHa HooropO/lCKa51 Aone~aTHaA noArDTOBKa Hropb MaKapoo, AHI!peii CKoopuoo, AHacTacaH Eert3epooa, TaMapa CaoeJibeBa (11a6op), JlJOI!MHJia EMeJihHHooa (KoppeKTypa) PacnpocTpaHeHMe 11 peKnaMa .lleHnc E116HK TeJI.: ( 499) 972 63 11; real@tm-magazin.ru; reklama@tm-magazin.ru IT -npoeKTbl BacHJIHif llpo3opoocKHJ1 admin@tm-magazin.ru Y~peAMTenb 11 M3AaTenb 3AO «KopnopaiiMA BECT » reHepanbHbiH AMpeKTOp HpHHa H1111TTJOpaHTa director@tm-magazin.ru AApec PeA3KIIMM: YJL JleCHa51, 39, o¢. 307. TeJI.l!.MI crrpaooK: (495) 234 16 78 AnA nMceM: 127055, MocKoa, ajH86, <<TM•>. Email: tns@tm-magazin.ru CBH/leTeJibCTBO rm N2<DC77-42314. il0/!11. K neY3TI1 28.09.2011. Twpa)!( 48 650 3K3. ISSN 0320 33IX © <<TexHHKa-
MOJIOI!e)!(H. 06me/lOCTYI1HblH Bbii1YCK llJIH He6oraTbiX» 2011, N210 (937) llpH <j:>J111aHCOBO{t riOMep)!(Ke ¢ellepaJibHoro areHTCTBa no ne4aTw www.technicamolodezhi.ru > CAellaHo B PoccHH 2 Ha nepe,li,OBou <<MHpuoro aToMaJ> Ha MOJIO/l,eJKHOM HHHOBa-
1~110HHOM ¢opyMe PocaToMa «JHeproa¢¢eKTHBHOCTb J.1 6e30IIaCJ-IOCTb>> MOJIO/l,ble )"leHbie rrpell,JIOJKHJIH 6e3orrac-
HbJ j;i HCTO'-!HHK pall,HOHyKJIHL\OB Ue3Hi1-137, a TaKJKe HOBYIO HHTeJIJieKTyaJihHYTO Cl1CTeMy 6e3orracHOCTH A3C! 5 B ToMcKe coa,IJ,aeTCH aTOMHbrH KJiaCTep! 6 qT06bi ocyw,ecTBIITb TPauc<Pep H,ll,epHbiX TeXHOJIOruH 7 IlycK B Eyrnepe: pOCCHHCKHH peaKTOp ua ueMeU:KOM 3a,IJ,eJie 8 31leKTpOHHO-
Bbi"'HCJlHTeJlbHbiH MHp 11 Heo6biKHOBeHHOe -
PSlAOM TexHHKa H rexHoJlorHH 12 Cmoa napa u nopiiiHH B XXI BeKe MaJio KTO 3HaeT, '-ITO rrepoa51 OTe'-!eCTBeJ-IJ-IaH BbiCOK0060-
pOTHaH rrapoBaH Mallli1Ha 6biJia nocrpoeHa poBHO 75 JieT Ha3an. I1MeHHO napo-
ooi1 MOTOp CTaJI <<npall,ell,ylll-
KOH>> COBpeMeHHb!X rrapo-
nopwHeBblX LlBHraTeJiei1 ~CTOpH"'eCK8SlCepHSl 16 <1EeCCTPaiiiHbie>> HTTM 18 qeThipe ,li,HH B ropo,ll,e HHHOBau:Hil: Ha BBU BCTpeTHJIHCb Te, KTO MOJKeT pO:iKL\aTb HL\eH, J.1 Te, KTO yMeeT 3TH HL\eH rrpeTBOpHTb B )KH3Hb CMellble rHnore3bl 20 PoiK,IJ,CHHbie CoJIHJJ:eM 060CHOBaB eL\HHCTBO Mexa-
HH3Ma no51BJieHI151 ocex TeJI B 3Be31l,HO-IIJiaHeTHb!X CHCTeMaX, MO:iKHO 110-HOBOIVlY OTBeTHTb aa oonpoc, '-ITO TaKoe nJiaHeTa, 11 HO-HHOMY B3fJIHHYTb Ha HOHCKH :iKH3HH B6JIH3H l!pyrHX 3Be3n YMellbl..lbl 26 CKaaKa CBOHMH PYKaMn 1{ TO I-13M CTOHT /],OM IIOCTp0-
11Tb7 TexHHKa H cnopr 28 A.lleKCaH,ll,p AuauheB: <<B CTPaHe eCTb COTHH TaJiaHTJIHBbiX MOJIO,IJ,biX U11JIOTOB ... >> Y HaC 60JIH/l,bl <<CDOpMyJibl h II051BJIHIOTCH JIHlllb C IIOK33a-
TeJibJ-Ib!MH Bb!CTYHJieHHHMH. IIpoKaTHTCH BOKpyr KpeMJI.H-
11 <<3/l,hiOJ>. LITo HYJKHO Cll,eJiaTb, 'IT06bi 3TOT BH/l, CIIOpTa IIpO-
UBeTaJI 11 B PoccHH? Korll,a B H3UleH CTpaHe IIO.HB51TC51 3BTO-
f0HlUl1Kl1 MHpOBOfO KJJaCCa 7 BbrcraBKH 36 Ilo CJie,IJ,aM MAKC-2011 IIpoll,OJIJKaeM rry6JIMKOBaTb M3TepH3Jlbl -
BHe'I3TJieHHH OT MAKCa-2011 YnpaslleHHe pHcKaMH 38 IIOJIHTWieCK<UI KJIHMaToJiornH XXI BeKa CTpeMHTeJibJJO Mel l5110WHHC51 KJIHM3T 6yll,eT HrpaTb B3JKHeH-
lllYIO pOJib B MHpOBOl! IIOJIH-
THKe -nepBbie <<KJIHM3TH'-!eC-
KHel> BOHHbl yJKe H3'-laJIHCb 43 BoKpyr 3eMHOro wapa MHp ys11e1.1eHHH 46 JleTaHTe annapaTaMH <1Fiugtag1> <<LI.eHb IloJieTOBJ> B CTporHHO co6paJI 6oJiee 100 000 3pH-
TeJieii:, IIp11lllel{UlHX IIOJII0-
60B3TbCH Ha 3K30TH'H~CKHe JieTaTeJibHhie annapaTbi AHTOJlorHSl raHHCTBeHHbiX c11y"1aes 48 IlpaB,IJ,a o6 HH:IKeuepe CJiecapeBe J3bJJI3 JIH CMepTb aBHaKOH-
CTpyKTOpa, C03L\3TeJI.H Kpyrr-
Hei1ruero caMOJieTa nopeBOJIIOUMOHHoi1 PoccHH HeC'-13CTHblM CJiy'-laeM? J1JIH B aTOM eMy <<HOMOrJial> HeMei~Ka.H pa3Bell,Ka? My3eH 6ecwyMHoro opy>KHSl 54 MexaHH'!ecKue u aMOpTH3HpyiOIJJ:He K11y6 mo6HTelleH (j>aHT8CTHKH 56 B. fB03,1J,eu -
HaJierKe 59 A. Kpacuo6aeB-
CoTOBbrH 61 A. Jlypbe-
Ep10ara 62 K11y6 TM 1 I CAenaHo B pocc1.11.1 I aroM Ha nepenoaoit «MHPHOro aToMa» leop r ~ i1 HACTEHKO Ha MOno,qe::>KHOM IIIHHOBa~IIIOHHOM cpopyMe «3Hepr03cpcpeKTIIIBHOCTb Ill 6e3onaCHOCTb», npose,qeHHOM PocaTOMOM neTOM HbJHewHero ro,qa, 6bJno npe,qcTasneHo HeMano IIIHTepeCHbiX pa3pa60TOK B o6naCTIII «MIIIpHOrO aTOMa». 8b16paTb Hall16onee IIIHTepecHble 6blno 6bl He npocTo, ecn111 6 He noMOLl..lb BIIIKTopa nasnos1114a MaTseesa -cTapwero Hay4Horo coTpy,qHIIIKa TeopeTII14eCKOrO OT,qena IIIHCTIIITyTa s:~,qepHbiX peaKTOpOB (l/IS1P111T), 1113 3KCnepTHOJI1 KOMIIICCI/1111 BbiCTaBKIII. AH/lpeil 3apHnOB, COTPYilHHK (/JfYn no «MaRK» HUleT XHMH'IeCKH HeilrpanbHbte HCTO'IHHKH /le3HR RonrOHfPIIOIQHe fiaTapeiKH VICTOYHIIIK pa,qiiiOHYKiliii,D,OB l...\e3111LI1-137 He IIICnOnb3yeTCs=l Ha A3C, a npe,o,Ha3HaYeH ,o,ns=~ o6beKTOB MeHee MaCWTa6HbiX, HO 6onee MaCCOBbiX Ill B 6biTY ropa3,D,O 6onee HY>+<HbiX KroK,LJ,OMY YenoseKY. OH npiiiMeHs:~eTcs=~ B ycTaHOBKax, ,D,ns=l pa,QIIIOTepanllllll, p,ecpeKTOCKOnllllll, B YCTpOLIICTBax ,D,ns=l o6e33apa>+<IIIBaHIIIs=l npo,qyKTOB niiiTaHIIIs=l, KOpMOB ,D,ns=l >KIIIBOTHbiX, a TaK>+<e ,D,OHOpCKOIII KpOBIII. K CO)f(~JleHillO, 06Jiy'!elll1e JJ,OilOp-
CKOII KpOBI1 IIp11MeH5IeTC5I llOKa TOJJbKO B CiliA 11 3anat(HOH Espone, a no pocc11i1CIWH MeJJ,HIJ,HIIbl B MaCCOBOM nOp5I,D,Ke 3Ta TeXHOJIOrJUI eute He nowJia. Ho HawH panHal.I,HOII-
Hble TeXHOJIOfl1H TQ)Ke K 3TOMY Hel13-
6e)f(H0 npHJlyT. EJlHHCTBeHHoc B MHpc MeCTO, rne rrpo-
H3BOJl5ITC5I UC3HCBbiC HCTOYilHKH ,li,JI5I ycTaHOBOK Met\HI(HIICKOrO lla311aYeHH5I, llaXOJlHTC5! B Pocc1111, 11a ITO <<Ma5IK>.>. 2 06JJyYaTeJibHbie yCTaHOBKH B Pocc1111 3KCIIJiyan1pyTOTC5I, HO BblflYCKaiOTC51 OHH B OCllOBllOM Ha 3anaJJ,e. Ilo3TOMY HaW <<Ma5!K>> pa6oTaeT flO'!TII IIOJliiO-
CTblO 11a 3KcnopT. YrrpoweHHO rosop.H, OH H3fOTaBJI 11 BaeT ,li,OJifOIIrpaiOLUlle 6aTapej;j Kl1 JJ,J15! paJJ,HOaKTHBHbiX o6e3-
3apa)f(ll BaiOil(~IX ycTaHOBOK. B ncp-
cneKTHBC PoccH5I, KOHe'!HO, 6yneT npOH3BOJJ,IITb 11 pa,D,HOaKTHBllble ycra-
IIOBKH, 110 llOKa 3aKynaeT 6pHTai-ICKIIe, pa3pa60TaHHbie KOMnaHI1ei1 REVISS. 3Ta cp11pMa-rJiaBI-Ib!H ll0Tpe6HTCJ!b L(e3HCBb!X HCTO'!HHKOB, npOH3BO-
ll,HMbiX Ha <<Ma5!Ke>.>. AnrJJHHCKIIil anHapaT, npenCTaBJI5IJOIUHt'r co6oli, yCTpot'tCTBO, pa60Tarowee 11a poccJII1-
cKHX HCTOYHI1Kax HOHI!3Hpy10LL(CrO raMMa-H3JIYLICIII15I, KOTOpble IIMeiOT l.I,I1JIHIIJlp11'!eCKYIO cpOpMy, II BeCbMa pa3H006pa3Hbie pa3Mepbi: OT Cfll1'!eY-
HO}i fOJIOBKH JJ,O CIIHcrecJHOH KOp06KII. EpHTaHCKHe np116ophr, ocJiallJ,CH!lbie pOCCHHCKI1Ml1 HCTO'!HHKaMH raMMa-
H3JIYLieHH51, npO,D,aiOTC5! BO MllOrHX crpa1-1aX Mltpa 11a BCeX KOHTIIHeHTaX. Ho JJ,eHCTBYIOU[He TCXHOJIOfllll CCliYaC OCIIOBallbl 11a HCIIOJ!b30BaHHH U e3~ 1 51 B BIIJJ,e ero XJJOpHJJ,a, flOTOMY '!TO UC-
3Hil'l B '!HCTOM BI1JJ,e B npHpO,D,e JJ,OJ!fO He x
paHliTC51, a cpa3y BCTynaCT B XJL-
M11YCCKI1C cocJJ,
HHeHI15I. Ho 11 XJIOPHJl Ue3H5! TO)f(C BCCbMa arpeCCHBilbiH MaTep11aJI, upencraBJI5IJOlUI1H yrpo-
3Y JJ,JI5! Or<py)f(aiOULeH CpCJlbl. IlollaB B BOllY JJ,a)I(C B MaJ!b!X KOJ!H'!eCrBaX, OH ,D,eJJaeT ee onacHO(I. MAfAT3 03a60LJeJIO 3THM 06CT05ITCJibCTBOi\l 11 110CTOHIIHO 3a,D,aCTC5! BOilpOCOM: a ecTb Jill y Pocom 11 ,D,pyrux CTpau aJJbTe
pl JaTHBHble BapHaHTbl HCfiOJ! b-
30Baml5l qe3H5i? ):l)IH yMCIIbWeHH5! pHcKa Haull1 cne-
l.I,HaJIH
CTbT r!p11HI1MaJOT MCpbl 110 llO-
BbiWelllllO repMeTY!LJI-IOCTH l.l,e3HeBblX rexHHKa-MonoAii>KH II #93711 OKTo6pb 2011 r.--
TaKOH DKOH'IaTeRbHb/H BH/l npHHHMa/OT KepaMH'IeCKHe «Ta6neTKH» rpocrpara lle3HR. MerannH'IecKaR o6ono'IKa 3/leCb TOJKe 6yner coopy
JKeHa, HD eii pa3pyweHHe He craHer Karacrpot/JH'IeCKHM, KaK B cny'lae c xnopH/lDM lle3HR <<6aTapeeK>>. Ho 6oJiee HaL(e)I(HbiM npeL(CTaBM!eTC5! Y!CilOJib30BaTb l..(e311H B COCTaBe LlPYfHX MaTepY!aJIOB. <!>occpaTHbie coeL(t111el !1151 l..(e3l15l (no cyn1 KepaMHKa) npeL(cTaBJJ5!IOT co-
6oi16oJiee XMMWJeCKY! CTOHKl1e l1 HeH-
TpaJibHhie COeL(I1 HeH115!, 'I eM XJIOPI12l l..(e3115!. 3Ti1M H cpoccj:laTaMM y)l(e L(aBHO, OKOJIO 20 JleT, 3aHMMaeTC5! HIDKerO-
pOZICK1111 YHMBepcMTeT MM. Jlo6al.feB-
cKoro. YlfeHhiH AH2lpei1: 3apHnoB, pa-
6oTaiOll\MH cerOL(H5! Ha npeL(npH5ITHH «PocaToMa>> ITO «MaHK» B r. 03epc-
Ke LJ:eJI5!611HCKOH o6JJaCTI1, npOXOL(HJI ylfe6y B acnHpaHType 3Toro BY3a 11 110TOMY OH He TOpOnl1TC5! npHCBaM-
BaTb ce6e npHopHTeT B ccpepe pa60T c cpoccpaToM ue3H5!. KepaM HKa -
3TO HeopraHHlfeCKY!e BeiJleCTBa, K KOTOpbiM OTHOC5!TC5! CH-
JJHKaThl, aJIJOMOcpoccpaTbl, cnelfCHHhie npw BhiCOKoi1 TeMnepaType. IIo2l CJIO-
BOM <<KepaMMKa» Boo6me B 6oJihiiie}r Mepe 110L(pa3yMeBaeTC5! He Bell\eCTBO, a TexHOJJOfH5!. TaK 'ITO cpoccpaThi l..(e-
3M5l TO)I(e OTHOC5ITC5l HMeHHO K Kepa-
MHKe. I1 no CTPYKType 6oJihwe tlano-
MHHaroT He COJih (KaK XJIOpHL(l..(e3H5I), a OlfeHh npOlfJ-IbiH KpaCHhiH KHp11H'I HJIH )l(e cpa5!Hc. Ue3HH )l,aeT raMMa-H3-
JiyY:eHMe, HaXO)l,5!Cb B COCTaBe JII060rO coe)l,HHeHH5!, H B cJiyY:ae c cpoccpaTOM www.technicamolodezhi.ru > (KepaMHKoi1:) Mhi noJiyY:aeM Haw6oJiee XHMWJeCKH HeHTpaJibHh!H ero HCTO'I-
HHK. A 3JiaLmT,-6e3onacHhiH H 3KO-
JJorwmhiH MaTepHaJI. KaK paccKa3hmaeT AH2lpei1 3ap11110B, rJiaBHOH 3a)l,alfei1 6bulo no11,o6paTb COCTaB, KOTOpbiH COL(ep)l(aJl 6bT B ce6e MaKCHMaJ!bHO B03M0)1(110e KOJIJ1LJeC'rBO l..(e3HH, o6ecnclfi1Ba5! TeM caMbiM MaK-
CHMaJihHyro CMKOCTb <<6aTapeHK11». Onpe)l,eJlHB XHMHlfecKylo cpopMyJiy (y KepaM 11KH Olta 6bJBaeT L(OBOJib-
HO CJJO)I(Ha5I), npOBeJJH CHHTe3 3T0f0 BemeCTBa. IIocJie 3Toro Tll\aTCJihHO MCCJie.ll,OBaJIH -KaK OHO BeL(eT ce6H B BOL(HOH H 2lPYfHX Cpe)l,aX. 3aTeM pa3pa60TaJIYI 011THMaJibHYIO TeXHOJIO-
fHIO npoH3BOL\CTBa. CbrpheM 2lJI5l <<6a-
TapeeK» CTaJIH HHTpaTHble, weJIOlfHbie H )],pyote THI1bl )1(11L(Kl1X 5IL(epHb!X OT-
XOL\08. Ha Ll,aHithiH MOMeHT ua <<MaHKe>> y)!(e C03L(aHO OnhiTHOe npOH3BO.ll,CTBO, Ha KOTOpOM B HIOHe 2011 f. 110JiyY:eHhl nepBbie 3K3eM11Mipbl KepaMMlfeCKHX Ta6JieTOK. fa6ap11Thl npHMepHO TaKHe, KaK H y «6aTapeeK» Ha OCI!OBe XJlOpM-
)l,OB. CaMhle MaJieHbKHe noKa Ll,eJiaTb CJI0)[(!i0 -
CJ!HWKOM KpOilOTJIHBble 2lJI5! 3Toro Tpe6yroTc5l onepal..(HH. Ho ycnewHo npoH3BeL(eHhi cpe)l,HHe H 60JihiiiHe THflhl HCTOlfHHKOB YI3Jly-
l.f
eHH5!. Cero1l,H5! rJiaBHbJH Bonpoc -
Ka!<OBa MOIJlHOCTb KepaMHLJeCKHX <<6aTapeeK>>, Yl He llpHL\CTC5! JlH allr-
JIMHCKHM napTHepaM «Ma5!Ka>> nepe-
L(eJlb!BaTb CBOI1 ycTai!OBKH )l,JJ5! pa6o-
Tbl c t∙JHMH? BoT LITO OTBeY:aeT Ha 3TO caM AH2lpei1: 3apwnoB: «B cpoccpaTe 52% l..(e3H5!, B XJIOpHL(e -
OKOJIO 67%. 3Ta pa3HHI.[a MO)!(eT llpHBeCTH Jli1Wb K He06XOL(HMOCTH yseJIJ1LJeHH5! o6∙be-
Ma 6anpei1KI1. Mo)!(HO BMeCTo nHTH Ta6JieTOK Ha OCl-IOBe XJIOpH)l,a CTaBHTb CAe113HO B pOCCf.1f.1 TaK BHeWHe Bb/rRRJlHT Onepa!IHR RO CHHTe3y t/JDCt/JaTa lle3HR. 06"biiMbl npDH3BD/lCTBa H 3KCROpTa H3MepRIDTCR He TOHHaMH, a KHnorpaMMaMH WeCTb KepaMMl.feCKMX. I1JIM npOCBe-
lf 11BaTb KpOBh H 11p02lYKThl np11)l,CTC5! 1-
ra 15% speMeHH )l,OJrbwe. IIepeCTpo-
HThC5l 11a HOBbie, 6oJJee 6e3onacHhre, HCTOlfHI1KH raMMa-H3JiylfeHH5! 6y)l,eT HeCJIO)!(J-IO». -B )l,pymx CTpauax Mupa cj:loc<jlaTa-
MM IJ,e3U.H 3aHUMaJOTC.H? -
npO)l,OJI-
iKaeM Mbi 6ece)l,y c yY:eHbJM. -Bonpoc ucrrOJib30BaHMH 3THX co-
e)l,HHeum'l B KaY:eCTBe MCTOLIHHKa raMMa-
113JJyY:eHH5! L(JJ5! ycTaHOBOK He I13y'IaeTC5! IIOKa 60Jibiiie HHf)l,e. B illTaTax, uarrpHMep, pa60TaiOT TOJ!hKO Ha)l, 6oJiee Ha)l,C)KHb!M 11 TeX-
J-lOJJOfl1 LJ H bi M MeTOL\OM 3axopoHeHH5! Ue3HeBb!X OTXOL(OB. -A ecTb JIM aJibTepuaTUBa IJ,eaueBbiM o6JiyqaTeJI.HM? -EcTh! )lpyroi1: paL\HOHYKJJHLl -Ko-
6aJJhT-60, KOTOpb!H MOJKeT BhiiiOJIH5!Tb M norHe aHaJJorHY:Hhie cpyuKI..(HH. OH HCI10Jlb3YeTC5! B Bl11l,e MeTaJIJJa. LfT06hi C03L(aTb K06aJJhTOBb!H MCTOl.fHHK, He-
o6XO)l,HMO ero o6JiylfHTh peaKTOpOM. 06pa6oTaHHbl H HeHTpOHaMH K06aJJbT CaM CTaHOBHTC5l HCTOlfHHKOM raM-
Ma-H3JJyY:eHM5!. Ho ou MMeeT HeMaJJo 1-re11,ocTaTKOB. Bo-rrepBhiX, Ko6aJJhT B pa3bl L\OpO)I(e L(JI5l rrpOH3BOL(CTBa, Y:eM ue311H. K TOMY )l(e, Ko6aJihTOBhre 6a-
Tapei1KH cny)!(aT BTpoe MeHhiiie. Bo-
BTOpbiX, K06aJJ bT He MO)!(eT HCHOJib-
30BaTbC5! 1l,Jl5! o6JJylfeHH5! L(OHOpCKOH KpOBH H3-3a OC06eHIIOCTeH raMMa H3JJylfeHH5!, II03TOMY L(JJB o6pa60TKH L\01-iOpCKOH KpOBH 5IBJJ5ICTC5! He)!(eJJa-
TeJibJ-IbiM KalfeCTBOM. I1 110Ka L(JJB o6-
pa60TKH KpOBH Ue3HH -
eL(HHCTBCH-
HbiH MaTepHaJI. 3 • CAenaHo s pocc1r1111 1 aToM HaReJKRa nnewapsa, seRYIJIHH HHJKeHep CMoneHcKoro t/JHnHana yYe6Ho-rpeHHposoYHoro rf!.eHrpa «ATOMTeX3HeprfJ•'i «POCCHHCKHe Oneparopbl CTpeMRTCR BIIHKHfTb 8 CflJIHOCTb npo/lecca» 0 \ I 0 \ I Korn8 coaerver <<6838 3H8HHH>> lnaBHOe 3prOHOMLIIYeCKOe Tpe6osaHLIIe K 6nOYHOMY ll.ILIITY ynpasneHLI171 A3C -
c,qenaTb TaK, YT06bl onepaTopy 6blno MaKCLIIManbHO y,qo6HO OCyll.leCTBn71Tb ynpasneHLIIe C ll.ILIITa, 6onee 3cf:XpeKTLIIBHO Ill nerKO BOCnpLIIHLIIMaTb LIIHcpOpMal...lLIIIO, 6biCTpO Ill YeTKO Ol...leHLIIBaTb 06CTaHOBKY Ha 3Hepro6noKe. H at\C:IK,ll,a IJJrewaKOBa ~ BC,ll,YlllHH HH:IKeHep-nporpaMMHCT CMoJreH-
CKoro <P11JJ11arra yYe6Ho-TperrH-
poBOL£HOro U,CliTpa <<ATOMTCX:'mepro>> OAO «ATOMTex::meprO>>. 0Ha 3amrMa-
eTC51 aHaJJH30M ,ll,C51TCJihHOCTH orrepa-
TOpOB 5IUY A3C y:IKe Ha npoT5l:IKCHHH WCCTYI JICT ITO,ll, HaL£aJlOM ,ll,OKTOpa TCX-
HW!CCKHX HayK, rrpo<Peccopa, 3aBe,ll,yiO-
wero Ka<Pe,ll,pOH aBTOMaTH3HpOBaHHhlX CHCTCM yrrpaBJJCHH51 06HHHCKOfO 111-1-
CTHTyTa aTOMHoi1 :mepreTHKH AneKce51 HHKI1TI1Ya AHOXHHa. A.AHOXHH crreuaaJIH311pyeTC51 B ocHOB-
HOM Ha 3prOHOMI1KC 5lUY aTOMHhiX CTaHUHH, 3KCI1CpT113C L£CJIOBCl<O-Ma-
WI1HHhiX 11HTep<PeHCOB UCHTpOB yrr-
paBJICHI151, 3Bp11CTI1L£CCKI1X MCTO,ll,OB CI1CTCMH0f0 aHaJII13a, I1pC,ll,CTaBJJCHI151 3HaHI1H B CI1CTCMaX C 11CKYCCTBCHHhJM 11HTCJIJICKTOM. IIpe,ll,nonaraeTC51, L£TO rrpoTOTHIT TaKon CI1CTCMhi3apa60TaeT K KOHUY 2012 r. Ha I10JlHOMaCWTa6HOM TpCHa:IKepe O,ll,HOH 113 pOCCI1HCKI1X A3C. 4 Ha,ll,e:IK,ll,a IInemaKOBa rrpe,ll,CTaBHJia rrpo-
eKT ITO,ll, Ha3BaH11CM «l1HTCJIJICKTYaJlhHa5! CI1CTCMa KOMI1hiOTCp1130BaHHb!X aBap11H-
HhlX npoue)lyp )1Jl51 onepaTopoB 6JIOY:-
Hhrx JUI1TOB ynpaBJieHH51 A3C». IIpoeKT HarrpaBJICH B rrepBylO OL£CpC,ll,h Ha TIOBbJ-
lUCHHC 6e3orracrroCTI1 A3C. OnepaTophr 6y)lyT 110Jlh30BaThC51 11HTCJIJICKTYaJlhHOH CHCTeMOH, KOTOpa5! 3HaL£11TCJihHO o6-
JierL£JH 11 c,ll,enaer 6oJiee 3<P<PeKTI1BHhiM npouecc yrrpaBJICHH51 B cJiyy:ae c6oeB, lleWTaTHbiX 11JIH aBap11HHhiX CI1TyauHH. PeYb 11,ll,eT 0 CITCU11aJlbHOH KOMllhiOTep-
HOH nporpaMMe, B KOTopyiO 3aJJO:IKCHhi aJJrOpHTMbi OTITHMaJlbHOro yrrpaBJICHH51, MCTO,ll,hl 11CKyCCTBeHHOfO l11!TeJJJJeKTa 11 aHaJJH3a CI1TyaU1111. ~ EcJIH rra 3Hepro6IIoKe B03H!1KaeT tie-
ruTaTHa5! HJII1 aBap11HHa5J CTHyal(H5J, ~ paccKa3biBaeT Ha)le:IK,ll,a, ~ TO orrepaTo-
pbr ,ll,CHCTBYIOT cornaCJ!O l1HCTPYKI.(I1H. 3TO 6yMaJKHbTe ,ll,OKYMCHThi, 06oeM KO-
TOpbiX MO:IKeT )lOCTHraTb HCCKOJlhKHX COTCH CTpariHU TeKCTa. l13-3a rpOM03,ll,-
KOCTI1 11 HC,ll,OCTaTKOB CaMHX 11!-!CTpyK-
UHH rrOBhrnraeTC51 Bepo5ITHOCTh onr116oK orrepaTopoB: noKa Han,ll,yT, noKa rrpOY:H-
TaiOT, TIOKa Bbli10JIH5JT ... I1 BCe 3TO B yc-
JIOBH51X CTpecca 11 ,ll,ecp11U11Ta BpeMeHH. B HaweM rrpoerue BC5J arrcpopMaUH51 ~~ peKOMeH,ll,aUI111 3aJlO:IKeHhi B, TaK Ha-
3biBaeMyro, 6a3y 3HaHH}i, C ITOMOIUhiO KOTOpOH CHCTeMa MO:IKCT B pC:IKI1MC pe-
aJlbHOfO BpeMeHI1 rrpOaHaJII1311pOBaTb CJlO:IKI1BWYlOC51 CHTyaUHIO, OT06paTb HY:IKHyro rrpm.(e,ll,ypy 11 nowaroBo rrpe,ll,-
CTaBJI51Th ee onepaTopy, TeM caMhiM o6-
JierL£a5! eMy rrpaBe)leHHe 6noKa B 6e3o-
rracHoe 11 CTa611JihHOe COCT05JJI 11 e. Mo:IKHO 6hiJIO 6hr rro,ll,yMaTh, cno CHC-
TeMa 3aMeH51CT orrepaTopa B npouecce ynpaBJieiiH51. O,ll,HaKo 3TO He TaK. CHc-
TeMa He np11HI1MaeT penreHI151, a JII1Wh ,ll,aeT rro)lcKa3KH. Ho 3TH rro,ll,cKa3KH B ycJIOBH5IX T.(eHTHOTa MOryT CTaTb OL£CHh none3tlbtMH. EcTh TaKI1e aBTO-
MaTI1LJeCKHe CHCTeMbT, KOTOphiC BbiTIOJl-
H5llOT HCI<OTOpbie KOMal!)lbl CaMOCT051-
TeJ1bHO, eCTh 11 TC, Y:TO ,ll,JI51 BbiTIOJlHel-11151 KOMaJJ,ll,bl 11JJI1 HCKOH rrpOUe,ll,yphl 3a-
npaunmaroT o,ll,o6peHI151 y orrepaTopa. A J-Iarua CJ1CTeMa ~ 11MCHHO «COBeTLJHK>>, TJOCKOJlhKY TOJihKO rrpe,ll,OCTaBJJ5leT rexHHKa-MOnDAii>KH 11 #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 • onepaTopy BCJO neo6xo.n.HMYJO Hi!cpop-
MauaJO .ll.JUI np1llUIT115l peweHH5l 11 no-
~mraeT B ynpaBJieHHH. A caMo pewenHe npHHHMaeT TOJlbKO YeJJOBeK. l1MeHHO lla HeM Jie)KHT BC5l OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb 3a BbliiOJJHeHJI biC .n.dicTBH51! Ca~Ja 11,ll,e5l TaKotr CI1CTeMbi He HOBa. B HopBemH, <DpaHUHH, Kopee y)Ke 11a npOT5l)KeHI111 6onee 5 JieT 3aHYJMaiOTC51 no.n.o6HbiMH pa3pa6oTKaMI1. Ho Hl1 o.n.Ha H3 TaK11X CHCTeM fiOKa He BBe,ll,eHa B npO-
MbiWJleimyro 3KcnnyaTaumo, a B JJyl.J-
weM CJIYLJae HaXO,ll,IITC5l Ha CTa,ll,HJ! an-
po6aumr H onbJTJJoti ::~Kcnnya-raua11 Ha nomJOMacwTa6JJbtX TpeHaJKepax A3C. PoccH5l oTcTaeT cero,ll,H51 B o6nacm pa3-
pa6onm CHCTeM KOMilbJOTepH30BaHHbiX npoue.n.yp. Bo MJJoroM ::~To CJ!YYI1JIOCh flOCJ
Je Yl flO fi]J11YHHe aBap11H Ha l:.Jep-
II06biJlbCKOH A3C. C .n.pyroti CTOpOHhi, llaBepCTb!Ba51 yrty!UeHHOe, MO)KIIO B pa3-
pa60TKaX l.JaCTY!YHO 11CI"IOJlb30BaTb 011blT nepellOBb!X B 06JiaCTII aTOMHOH 3Hepre-
TI!Kil CTpaH, B YaCTHOCTH HopBerHH H CDpaHUH11, ll He llOBTO]J5lTb OUJ H6Kl1 3a-
py6e)KHblX KOJJJJer. TeM ne MeHec rroJI-
uocTbJO CKOlll1]JOBaTb 11 a.n.anntpOBaTh HMeiO!UHeC51 3apy6e)KHbJe nporpaMMbl llil5l PoccHJJ HeB03MO)KHO B npHHUHIIe. Bo-nepBbJX, 3TJJ pa3pa6oTKH He o6na-
ponoBaJJbl CTOJlb 110JIHO 11 HO,ll,p06HO, YT06hl I1X npOCTO MO)KHO 6b1Jl0 6hi H3y-
LJIITb 11 npiiCIIoco6JJTb ,ll,JI5l poccHikKMx yCJIOBHH. BO-BTOpblX, B TaKOH CHCTeMe neo6xonHMO y'! HTbJBaTb oco6emroCTI1 uawHx ::~nepro6 J JOKOB. A B-TpeTbHX, 11 npe)KJle BCero -
HMeHHO flO 11]JHYHHe 11p11HU11IIHaJibHO pa3JIJ1YHOfO fiOllXOlla K pa6oTe pOCCHI~ICKHX H 3apy6e)KIIb!X onepaTopoB. 3apy6e)KHbie onepaTophr, KaK npaBI1JIO, B 60JibllleH Mepe pa60Ta-
IOT CTpOrO <<110 MeTO,ll,y po60Ta>> -Ha llaHHOM KOHKpeTHOM yYaCTKe Bbii10JIH51-
JOTC5l KOHKpeTJtbie npoue.n.ypbl, npe.n.y-
CMOTpeHHhte ltMeHHO,ll,JI51 KaJK,ll,OfO OT/.(e-
Jl bi!OfO CJIY'!a51. l1 ,ll,aJKe eCJIH /.(eKCTBH51 HHCTPYKUHJ1 M.ll.YT Bpa3pe3 c MHeHHeM onepaTopa, .ll.It5l Hero Bee pamro nepBHY-
H bJ yKa3aHl15l 1 u rcTpyKU11H. PocnrticKHe )Ke OnepaTO]Jbi, KaK IIpaBHJIO, HMeiOT 6onee rJiy6oKHe 11 cpyH.n.aMeHTaJibHhre 3HaJU15111 110TOMY B Ka)K,ll,OM OT,ll,eJihHOM CJJy'!ae OHI1 B 60JiblUeH Mepe CTapa!OTC51 BHIIKHYTh B IIp11pO,ll,y Yl CYUlHOCTb npo-
11CXO/l51Uiero n pouecca, a noTOM y)Ke Ha}rnr IIpouc.n.ypy 11 .n.eticTBOBaTb no ueit, a.n.anTI1py5l ee B CJiyl.Jae He06XO,ll,H-
MOCT11 fiO,ll, CJIO)!(HBWYIOC51 CHTyaU~IIO. TM www.technicamolodezhi.ru > CAellaHO B pOCCHH 8 TOMCKe C03.QiiiTCR ITOMHbli KniCTep! ~rap• K~~~:O~~,~~: B C~6~p~ Ha XIV IIIHHOBaL\IIIOHHOM cpopyMe, npoxo,q111sweM B Mae r.TOMCKe, B paMKax T8Mbl «3anyCK IIIHHOBaL\IIIOHHOIIJ 3KOHOMIIIKIII B aTOMHOIIJ OTpacnlll: Kypc Ha co3,qaHIIIe KnacTepa», o6cy)K,Qanlllcb npo6neMbl no BbiBo,qy 1113 3KcnnyaTaL\IIIIII 111 KOHBepCIIIIII aTOMHbiX np01113BO,QCTB. TonbKO '-ITO CTanO 1113B8CTHO, '-ITO K 2013 r., KOr,qa 3aKOHYIIITC5=1 p5=1,Q B08HHbiX nporpaMM no nepepa6oTKe 5=1,qepHoro opy)KIII5=1, Ha 6a3e «CIII6111pCKOrO XIIIMIIIY8CKOrO KOM6111HaTa» B ropo,qe CesepcKe ToMcKolll o6nacTIII nnaHIIIpyeTC5=1 co3,qaTb Cn8L\IIIanbHbiiiJ T8XHOnOriiiY8CKIIIIIJ L\8HTp. no CnOBaM rnaBbl PocaToMa Cepre5=1 K111p111eHKO, «OH ,qon)KeH OTpa60TaTb T8XHOnOrllllll B CB5=13111 C BbiBO,QOM 1113 3KCnnyaTaL\IIIIII peaKTOpOB-Hapa60TYIIIKOB nnyTOHIII5=1». r
.llaBa PocaTo~ 1 a o∙r.\ICTJLIJ, 'ITO, ll CB5l311 C :laBCJ1111CIIIIl',\l p}t;(a llOCIIIIbiX 11porpa~n1, PocaTO~ I ll<l'lllllaCT nporpa~l~lbl ,1.'1}1 oocc11c-
LICIIII51 3aii51TOCTII CIICitlla.'IIICTOB B CCBCJKKC. 011a llO.TJ)KIIa rapaunlpOBaTb, 'ITO l:lhiCOKOKBa.111C!JIIItll poBall H biC C IICI !11-
(I.'I
IICTbl, KOTOJ1biC pa6oTaiOT 11a C11-
61qXKO.\I XIL\III'ICCKO~I J<O~IOIIIIaTC. IIC ocT<UI.VTC5l 6c:l pa6oTbl, -
CK<na.'l K11-
p11CIIKO. 0611UJii o6∙bbl IIIIBCCTIII!IIii B II pOCKT 8-10 ~1."1 p.'L py6. flo ~IIICIIIIJO ry6cpu<nopa BIIKTopa Kpccca. B Tm1cKoii o6:1acn1 II~IC I OTC5l llCl' IIPl'llfiOCbl.'ll..:ll ;[.
1
1}1 C03,l<lllll}l <lTO ~ I -
1101'0 ICJaCTCpa. 3;(CCb C03;1CIIICI CIICTC-
~Ia IIO;LrOTOBKII Ka:tpCJB :t.'l5l aTO.\IIIOli oTpac.rlll 11a 6a:lc To~ICKOro no.'IIITCX-
IIJILJCCKOI"O YHJIRCIXIITCTa 11 cp11.'111<L'Ia 11115-1 y MII<Dll, CCTb IICC.'IC:LOBilTl'.'lb-
CKIIii }l;tC]Jilbli'l pcai(TOp II ~IOIIliiOl' CIICillla.'IIJ:mpOBCIIIIIOC 11pe.lfi]JII}ITIIC-
C
II611JXK11li Xlll\III'ICCKIIii ](()~161111CIT (CXI{ BXO/(HT B COCTaB TOWIIIBIIOii KO.\IIIallllll TB3JI rocKopnopaltllll << POcaTO~I >> ). rlo:·HO ~I Y TO~ICKIIC ll.'laC-
TII 11pl';J.'I0)1(11.'111 r<lCKOpiiOIX\1!1111 <<POC-(lT0:\<1>>, BO-IICpllbiX, C03;(aTb 11a 6a:~c Tol\JCKoro IIO.'IIITexiiii'ICCKoro ."llllllC]JCIITCTa ~IC)K;t_vll<l]JO:Illblii lll'11Tp 110 IIO;troTOili<C Clll'ltii<L 1l!CTOB ;[.'151 A3C. KOTO]JbiC PocaTml npoi!T B :tpy-
n IX crpa11ax, BO-IlTOpbiX, 10p11ilii'ICCKII OCIJopMIITb C03il,<11111C 11<1 TCpj)11TOp1111 pcr11011a aTO.\Illoro K.'lacrcpa. 5 • !':"∙ CAenaHo B pocc1r11r1 1 aroM 6 C pm''' cpopMupoBaHII51 K.'Jancpa 6y,1yT 3aBI!CCTb 0~ TC~IIIOB CTpt~~ IITC.'IbCTBa B paiiOIIC aT0~111011 CTaiiJ 11111, 11 BbiCOKOTCXIIOJIOrll LIIJOro I!CI rrpa ~IC;(III(IIIICKOll pa):l!IO.'IOI'IIII. « 1\f bl 1311CC.'III 11pCLI,Jl0)KCiliiC: CyU(CCT-
B~'IOIIlllli :tc-cpaKTO 51Ll,Cpl!blli K.llaCTCp OC[lOp~IIITb tJ.C-10pC», -
110):\LICj)KIIY.'I r~ · 6cpii a Top To~JcKoi'r o6J1acn1 B IIKTOp Kpccc•>. Oollt<l51 ~JoutHocTb ,1Byx 311epro6.∙1o-
KOB CTliiiUIIII, KOT0pa51 pa:ntCCTIITC51 B :
3ATO <'CcBepcK», -2.3 fRr. Pc-
aKTOpbl BB3P-1150. llponlo:JIIoc cpc;UJCr0,10BOC KOJiliLJCCTBO OTIIYC-
KaC.\IOii c).'ICKTp031ICpntll llj)ll pa60TC AJC B 6a:30BOM pe)!<Jt~IC cocTaBIIT 17.-iM.'lp;t KBT-LJ, TCll.'lOBOll ;J11Cpr1111-
1,9 ~1:111 fK<n. CTOJL\JOCTb 11poc1<Ta -
21 ti ~u p:1 p~ · 6. 3Ta eTa II 111151 pa:ltnl Obi .IIIKBIL1llpOBa.∙ra 50-llpOt(CIITIIblii :tccjJIIIliiT :J.'lCKTj)03HCprllll, KOTOpbli'l ceii'lac ccTb B TmicKoii o6.∙1aCT11. lla'la:Io )KC co3,1aum1. B To~1CKe llcp-
Boro 11a a:JIIaTCKOI"i 'IaCTll Pocc 1111 cl>c-
;
tcpa:1 biiOrO JJa.)'LJHO-K!III11114CCKOrO llC11Tpa ~IC/llllllll!CKOH pa/tiiOJIOI'IIII, O'ICBIL'UIO, O)'tl.CT 3aBIICCTb OT TOI'O, ~TOfibiOCYIQ8CTBHTb TPIHCIIJep fiR8PHbiX T8XHOnOrHH KaK 6y;tCT 11pO;U311raTI>OI crpOIITC.'lh-
CTBO a11a:1or11 L111oro ItCII'rpa B eupo-
nciicKOll LJ(ICTII 11a oa:!C [lmii1TpOB-
rpa;tCKOfO HIIIIAPa B Y:1b?JIIOBCKoii o6.∙1aCTII. ilpC/liiO.'IaraCTCH, 'ITO nep-
BbiX IICllllJCJJTOil } lll~llrrpoBrpa;(CKilll paJtiiOJIO[]JLfCCKIIii 1lCII'rp 11pl!i\ICT B 2013 r. «Cci'1'laC :JTII MCTOJlbl 'laCTI!LJ.-
110 HCITOJJb:lyiOTOI ll OIIKOilCIITpax. B ucrnpax >KC ?1;tcp11oii ~1c;trllli1Hbl 6yJJ.CT cpa3y BCCb K0~111.'1CKC ,VC:I_vr II ~10>Kil0 OYitCT llbl}lll.'1}1Tb II .1C'111Tb o11yxo.1CBbiC :laoo:lcl3allll51 Ha :llo-
ObtX cra;tii}IX. ITpwiC.\1 IIOC.'IC :rroro j)CLJb 11e 6y;(CT II,HII o ,.:to>KIIBallllll" llaUIICI!Ta. Yrpo:lbl pc1tll/tr1Ba 11c oc-
TalleTC51.>>,-CLIIITacT o;u111 11:1 lllrrruH-
aTopoB 3Toro 11pOcKTa, pyKOBOL\IITCJib cDenepaJibiiOrO ~IC;lll KO-OilOJJOrll'!CC-
KOro arciiTCTBa (cDMEA) BJiall,HMllp Yi'16a. ITo ll;tcc, B T0.\1CKIII"1 aTO~tllhJii KJiaCTCp MOr 61>1 BOiin1 II )KCJJC3HO-
ropCKHll rop110-XII~1JillCCKIIll KO~I-
61111aT B cocenl!c~t pcriiOIIC -
Kpac-
II051JKKO~J Kpac. KOTOpbl ii PocaTOM 1!0311UHOH11pyCT KaK CII(C O,'l,l!H cpe-
ll,CpaJibHblli llCtrrp 110 11Cpcpa60TKC OTpa6oTaiiiiOro 51,'lCj)HOrO T011.'1111l<l. TaK11~1 o6paJO.\J, no ~JHCH1110 11po-
cpcccopa rtm:l11 KO-TCX111llJCC 1-\0 ro JIITCTIITyTa !Ill TI1Y llrop}l l1Ia~1a-
11TIIra, JH:3~1CIItCIIIIC B To~1CKoi't o6-
:wcnl ?1/ICPIIOro K.'IacTepa II03B0.'111T npOBO/(IITb Opra111!LIIfbli'l Tj)CliJCCjlCp 5IJ1Cj)llb1X TCXIIO.'IOriti'J B :::meprCTIIK:V ( LJCpC3 A3C ), 51!tCp11,VTO J\!Cfliii!IIIIY, II II p0~1 b1111:1C11110CTb, Ilj)CJ,CTaB.'ICIIIIYIO B C11611p11. Te~1 6o:1ce LJTO, 110 c:lol3a.\1 Ccp1-cH K11p11CIIKO, npaBIITC.'tbCT-
BO CCi'1'1aC Bh1;tC.'I51.CT 120 ~l.''IU pyo. 11a llj)OilC.'lCIIIIC 1t:lbiCKaHIIii ;(.'1H 11y>K;( aTm111oii oTpac:HL «<I :1.'1?1 11ac 1<paii11c IIIITC[)CCIIO, lfTOObl 6o:tb111oii o6∙bC,\I paOOTbl llbiii0JIII}l.'1a Cl1011p-
CKa51 11ayKa, R 'laCTilOCTll TOi\lCKa?r»,-
3
a?ll31J.I1 r,'1aBa PocaToMa. On11aKo IIOKa Pocannt ue rrp11wL1 OKOwJa-
TC.'1biiOro pC111C111151 0 Cj)OI-\aX lla'ta-
.1a CTpOIITC.'IbCTAa 3TOll. CT(IIII[IIII, ;
!OIKII;Ia?1C b OT II paBJ!Te.1bCTI3a, 110 c:roBa~t Ccprc51 KHp!!CHKO.-KoppcK-
TilpouKII I'CIICpa.'lbiiOii CXC~1bl pa:l~1C-
1UC111151 OO'bCKTOB :J.'ICKTp0311CprcTIIKII Pocc1111 ;to 2020 r. TM rexHMK.,_..onoAib•• II #93711 OKro6pb 2011 nycK B 6ywepe: POCCHiCKHi peaKTOP HI H8M8QKOM aanene 1/lpaH nO.QKJliOYII1Jl CBOIO nepsy10 A3C B 6ywepe K Hal...lii10HaflbHOLIJ 3JleKTPII1YeCKOLII CeTII1. CTp0111TeJlbCTBO CTaHL...lll1111 6b1Jl0 HaYaTO B 1975 r. 3ana.QHOrepMaHCKII1M KOHL...lepHOM Siemens. B 1980 r. s paMKax Me:>+<.qyHapo.QHbiX caHKL...lii1LII, sse.qeHHbiX nocne 111CJlaMcKoLII peBOJliOL...l111111 1979 r., HeML...lbl CTp0111TeJlbCTBO np1110CTaHOBII1Jlll1. 8 1995 r. no HaCTO~TeJlbHOLIJ npOCb6e 111paHCKOLIJ CTOpOHbl 3a .QOCTpOLIIKy CTaHL...lll1111 B3~Jlii1Cb COBeTCKII1e cnel...lll1aflii1CTbl. 111M npe.QJlO:>KII1Jlll1 peWII1Tb HeBepO~THOLIJ CJlO:>KHOCTII1 111H:>KeHepHO-TeXHII1YeCKYIO 3a.qaYy, .qocene He scTpeyaswyiOc~. no:>+<anyLIJ, B npaKTII1Ke npOMbiWJleHHOrO npoeKTII1posaHII1~ 111 MOHTa:>+<a: MaKCII1MaflbHO 111CnOJlb3Y~ 3a.QeJl, np111CnOC06111Tb K TII1TaHII1YeCKII1M KOHCTPYKL...lii1~M CJlO:>KHeLIIwyiO MaWII1Hepll110 pocc111LIIcKoro peaKTopa BB3P-1 000. 3a.qaYa, no:>+<anyLII, 6onee TPY.QHa~. YeM a.qanT111pOBaTb HOCII1TeJlb «npoTOH» K CTapTOBOMy KOMnJleKcy paKeTbl «Ap111aH» 5 ... Ho .qonro:>+<.qaHHbiLII cp111HII1W HacTynii1Jl -
cp1113111YeCKII1Lii nycK peaKTOpa COCTO~JlC~. CTaHL...lll1~ BKJliOYeHa s ceTb! nepe.q TeM KaK BbiLIITII1 Ha nOilHYIO MOL.l...IHOCTb, 6ywepcKa~ A3C CHaYaJla 6y.qeT pa60TaTb Ha 40% OT HOMII1HaJla. www.technicamolodezhi.ru > ~ J1eMCTBYtoutMe M ffi nnaHMpyeMble peaKTopbl u aH ~ (~ccneAoBarenbCK~~ ApaK U peaKTOp) ~ l!lpaH 3AaHMe peaKTopa 80AO-BOAfiHO~ peaKTop, nocrpoeHHbl~ no pocc~~CKOMY npoeKTY 883P-1 000, ~MeeT MaKC~ManbHYIO 3n8KTpWl8CKYIO MOll.\HOCTb 1000 MBT 3AaHMe scnoMorarenbHbiX CMCTeM XpaHMnMute TBepAbiX OTXOAOB l.leHTP ynpasneHMII Kopnyc CMCTeMbl asapMMHOrO OTBOA3 Tenna 7 • 311eKTpOHHO-Bbi
1
.U1CJWITel1bHbiM MHp 8 K
opnopai~li.SJ Microsoft cosl\teCTHO c <<HaunoHa.IJbHhiM a.rJhHHCOM KOMflbiO-
TepHoit 6e30l1aCIIOCTIU> ony6.'1HKOBaJill pC3y.lbTaTbl HCCJICIWBalllUI, fiOCBH-
IIlCHHOI'O fOTOBHOCTif al\tCpi!KaHCKifX lUKOJ!bflliKOB K /KJI:IHII B COBpCMCHHOM UIIQ)pOBOl\1 MllpC. IllKoJibi CUIA ;~,ocrarotJJIO xopomo ocuamenbi TCXHWICCKH. MHorne yqaiuuc-
C.Sf Bll0.1HC OR.!Ja,liCJ!ll COBpeMeHT-!Oli TCXHIIKOft II TCXHOJlOfJHll\Uf, YMCIOT HX HC-
110.1b30BaTb l!.'I.Sf .YlJC6bi II il,JI.Sf urp. O~~llaKO ::noro l\Ja.TJO /l,JUI. ycrrCUIHOli IKH3HH B BhiCOKOTCXHOJlOflllJHYIO :moxy. Hcc:WJlOnamte uot«l3a1o, 'ITO ec.1I1 TOJlbKo 55% ne,clarorou ClJIITaiOT, lJTO K116epOC30llaCHOCTb II 3TltKa 06lUCHH.Sf B OHJlaiiHe o6.SJ3aTCJ1bllO ,c[OJI)J(Hbl npeno-
;taBaTbC.Sf B 11IK0.1ax u pa!\tKax yqe611oro n.'IaHa, ro cpe,lln yJKc pa6oraiOJUHX .liO-
;wi\ (pyKOBO,liiiTC.TJeii II CIICUIIa.'lliCTOU) 60JJCC 80% yuepCIIbi B IIC06XOil,IIMOCTJf /13.)''lCIHIH 3TlfX acneKTOB na Cal\lh!X paHHI1X CT~lUIX fiO.TJYlJCJJH.Sf o6pa.10BaHII.Sf. L{eTJ1 II fiOJI.pOCTKll CCpbC3HO BOB.:'IClJCIIbJ B KOMI1biOTepiibifl Mllp, OHH llpOBOMT 60JICC BOChMII CJKCtuteBHO B OHJJaiiHe. TCl\I IIC MCIICC ll aMCpHKaiiCKliX lllKOJlaX ne /J.OCTaTOl.(HO BJJHMaHH.Sf YJI.CJUICTCJI pea.IJWIM coupcMCHHoii JKH:IHH, n y•m-
TC.TJ.Sf CaMII HC llO.l)'lJaiOT Ilail,JIC/KaiUCii flO,ll,roTOBKH B 06JJaCTU 6C301IaCHOCTH. A se;.~,r, B XXI n. 3TH Bonpocbr TaKIKe naJKIIbi, KaK lJTCnne, mtCbMO 11 MaTeMaTJJKa. Ucc:Ie_uouamiC noKa3a.rro, lJTO 6o.1cc l.(CM o~ua rpcTb y<JHTC.lcii cosccM He npo-
XO).lll.llf B npOU1.10!\I fOli.Y nepel!O~(fOTOBKy llO BOHpOCaM, CB.Sf:3ainibiM C 0HJ1ai\H-
6e:30llaCHOCTbiO If 3TIIKOii, a H3 OCTa'IbllbiX 86% II3)TlJa,lU 3TII BOflpOCbl MCHCC mecnt <tacos. Hey~uuure:rhHO, 'IT<> y•mre.1R qyucTBYJOT cc6.sr rfCJJ.OCTaTOlJHo roToBbl!lllf .LI.1.H npeno_uasami.sr :nux Te!llna ypoKax. MeiKllY TCMIII\renuo IIIKO.Tibi HCCYT OTBCTCTBCHHOCTb :3a 110il,l'OTOBKY ~eTeii K B3pOCJloi\ 1Kli3HH, If Y'ICIIHKaM HCOOXO.llfiMbr He npocTo :maHII.Sf npaBHJ'r OlfJ1aHH 6c3onacnocn1, OHH /lOJJJKHbi Y!\ICTh C03/laBaTb KOMffbiOTCpHyiO Cpeny B COOTBCTCTUHlf C 3TilMH npaBI∙lJiaMH. Oi.!HaKo B re•reHJie noc.lCiJ.HHX 12 Mcc.srucs TO.lbK<> 15% Y'lHTcncrt paccKa3biBa-
;m UJK0.1bHHKaM o Kn6ep6y.rmnre (:1anynmamm B OHJiaiine ), Jllflllb 18% yqe-
HIIKOB C.Hblllla.TJII 0 TOM, KaK 6opOTbC.Sf C yrpOIKaiOHU1MH C006li1CIIIl.SfMH. TpeTb y<JHTC.lcii paccKa3biBa1a o pncKax, cs.sr3aHHbrx c noceiUCHifCM caihos conua.'lb-
HbiX CCTCii, If CUJ,e TpCTh fOBOpU.1a CBOill\1 Yl.(CHHKaM 0 llC06XOil,UMOCTU COKpbl-
TII.Sf IICpCOlla.lbHOrl Jfllq)OpMai~IIIf B OHJJaiiHe. Jlumb 20% ne_uaroros paccKa3biBa.rm o6 onacHocnt 3arpy3KH HCH3nccTHbiX q)aiLloB: 23% -
o6 ncno.'Ih30Bamm H~eJKnbiX naponeii, u ucero JJHIIIb 7% -
0 pO.lll aHTHBUpyCHhiX uporpaMM. A BC)lh lll\ICHHO YlJIITCJI.Sf HCCYT r:IamiyiO OTBCTCTUCHIIOCTb 3a BCC aCUCKTbl TIOJI.-
fOTOBKll/lCTefi K aKTHRHOMY HCTIOJ!b30BaHUIO l1IiTepHCTa. (:w.) MapwpyTH38TDP ~ TYPHCTa -------
K
oMnaHHR ASUS o6MtBliJJa 0 BblliYCKC 6ecnpOBO,liHOfO Mapwpym3aropa WL-330N3G C lllHpOKOH cpyHKUHOIIaJihiiOCTbiO H y,n:061JbiMH B03MOIKHOCT.SfMH Ha-
crpoitKH. KOl\111aKTHbiti Kopnyc 11 UCJJhlH p5!JI. /lpymx KatJCCTB ne-
JJaiOT 3TO ycrpOtlCTBO 110JIC3HhiM BCCM, I<TO llOJJb3YIOTCH I1HTCpiie-
TOM B ,liOpore. Pa3pa6oraHHbiH crreunanM!O ,liJl.Sf M06HJJb HbiX ll0Jlh30 BaTCJI ej;j 6ecnpoBO/lHO}i Mapmpynr3aTop, JJCfKO HOJ\ICU.la.Sf.Cb B KapMaJJ, CI10-
co6eJJ o6ecnelJHTb no,n:KJJIO'Ie-
HIIC pa3JIJ1lJHbiX KJlHCHTCKHX yc-
TpOriCTB ( l!OyT6yK, CMapTCpOH H T.Jl.) K I1HTeptteTy. OH MOJKCT JJC-
noJih30BaTbC.SJ COBMCCTHO C ~py­
fHMH MapUipyni3aTOpaMII B Ka-
lJCCTBC flOBTOpMTCJJ51., TO CCTb il,JJ51 paCIUHpCHH.Sf JIOKaJJhHOrl, CCTH, a B COlJ.CTaJJlll1 C UIHpOKOIJOJJOCHhlM MO.liCMOM cnoco6eH HrpaTh ponh 6ccnpOBO,lii!OH T01.(KI1 ,liOCTyna nJI51. yCTpOHCTB c f!OJI.JICpiKKOt! Wi-
Fi. WL-330N3G oc11aiUen ceTeubrl\I nopTOM Ethernet H MoJKeT c1ly-
)I(HTh B Ka'lCCTBC thernet-anan-
TCpa ,liJI.Sf TaKIIX ycrpOHCTB, KaK HrpOBblC KOHCOJJH, npHI!TCpbl, llj)HCTaBI<H Ka6CJJbHOrO TCJJCBH-
,liCHH.Sf. B pe)I(HMe «XOT-CrtOTJ> Oll o6ecnelJHBaeT 6ecnposo~rl0e fTO~KJIIO'fCHMC K I1HTCj)HCTY cpa-
3Y HCCKOJJbKIIX KOMllbiOTCpOB, a B peJKJil\!C 3G J\IO)I(CT nonKJIIOlJaTbC5I K CCT5!M 3G c TIOMOIUbiO USB-
a,n:anrcpa. HaJJHlJMe ¢>YHKUJ1H ASUS Plug-n-Surf o6ecnetJI1BaeT aBTOMaTWICCKI1tl ITOHCK ,liOCTyn-
ILblX CCTCH. rexHHKa-t.~onoAihKH II #93711 OKTA6pb 2011 • C
OfJiaCHO pe:iy,1bTaTaM liCC.1C,UOBa-
HH5I <<063op BHC.UpCHH5I 11T-TCX-
HOJIOfJIIt B a::Jponoprax>> KOMnanmr SITA, ro.'!OBHoft o¢nc Koropou pac-
no:raraeTc5I B fepMaHiru, a::JponopThr npOi~OJDKafOT BHC,Up5ITb H COBepUICH-
CTBOBaTb HOBbie H!IcpOpMa~HOffHblC rexHo.rwmn (11T) o6cJiy;rnmamm J1aCC<DKHpOB. B qnc.rre rrpuopHrerHblX .u.rm HHBec-
ntponamm o6.rracTeii pyKoBo~.unemt a3pOTIOpTOB Ha3blBaiOT o6HOBJfeUHC cerenoti ImcppaCTpyKryphr c npnMe-
HeHneM TCXHOJIOflllt BJrpryamr3a~HH H IP-re.rrecpomm (VoiP). ITo l(aHHbiM SITA, rexHo:ronw cal\l006cJiy)f(HBa-
HJJ5I cra.'m npi!Bbf'IHhlMH B a::Jponop-
rax, MliOflle U3 KOTOj)biX .)'CTaHOBHJIH y ce65I KUOCKH caMopenrCTparnm. O.unaKo cpynK~uu KHOCKOB He orpa-
mPmBaKJTC5I penrcrpar~ueii: nacca)f(H-
pos Ha peiic -K 2013 f. C HX ffOMOl~biO l1JiaHHpj'CTC5I OCYU1CCTBJI5ITb ffC'laTb 6ara)f(HbiX 6upoK, o¢opl\l.115ITh rpaH3HTHbie nepe.1erhr n cKamtponaTb nacnopra. KpoMe Toro, B a::JporropTax npncrynaror K ncnoJib3oBaHHIO cucreMbl e-gates .UJ15l anroMant3a~un nponecca Bhrxo.ua Ha noca.uKy n npenno:rerHoro !lOCMorpa, 'ITO, KaK 0)f(JI).(aCTC5I, IJ03BOJIUT yCKOpHTb flj)OUCCC TIOCa,UKH H YMCHblUIITb O'ICj)C11H. 0KO.'l0 30% a::>ponopTOB j')f(e CCU'laC UCffOJfh3YIOT COUHa.1bllbiC CCTII 1-1:151 CB5I3JI c nacc<DKnpa~m u o6mecrseHHOCTI>IO, pa3MCII\a5l B HHX nHCpopMamuo o peti.cax 11 coo6r~emm o qpe3Bbi'latiHhiX co6brnu!x (KaK, IfanpHMep, o npeKpau~enmr f!OJICTOB H3-3a U05IB.JICHH5I o6JiaKa nenJJa BO BpCM5I n:mep)f(eHH5I Bj'JJKaHa B 11c-
.JfaHI11U! B arrpe.Jre-Mae 2010 r.). B p5I.UC a::Jponopron npn o6pa6oTKe 11 norpy3-
Ke 6ara)f(a, noLI,a'Ie rpanoB HJII1 uepponon ( «pyKaBOB~>) 11 Bhfxo.uax na noca.n:Ky, npn y,'l,alJCHHOl\1 06JJOB.TieHHII UHcpOpMaUHH Ha B03.L(j'lUIIbiX cynax npHMCfl5IIOT-
OJ M06H.TlbHbJC ycrpoifCTBa. fi=wl 3neKTPOM06HnH ynpaanRIDTCR ~ H3 «otinaKa» n Jl5I o6:_crreY.eHH5I TCX HH-
H 'ICCKOH IIOLI,ACP)f(KJ1 KJIH-
enros KOMrraHH5I Daimler HCITOJlb30BaJJa TCXHOJIOrHU Kopnopa~HJ1 Microsoft, B <JaCTHOCTU o6JiaY.HyiO ITJiaT-
cpopMy Windows Azure 11 cepsnc Bing Maps LI.JI5I co-
31(aHH5I OHJJaHHOBorO cep-
BI1Ca UOHCI<a HHcpOpMaUHH 0 Ha.JIHY.HH MeCT II01(3ap5I,U-
KH 3JJeKTpOM06HJJCH. ,li,OCTYII K TaKOMY cepBHCY B03MO)f(eH C IIOMOU1bl0 JII06oro 6pay3epa, IIO.UKJIIOY.eHIIOrO K 11HrepHeTy, B TOM Y.HCJJC C HOMOU1bl0 LI,OMalUHCfO KOMUbiOTepa HJJH M06HJibHOfO TeJiecpOHa. C IIOMOU1bl0 CHCTCMbJ BOLI,HTeJIH MO-
ryT CBOeBpeMeHHO HaUTH Mecra .UJJ5I fl01(3ap51AK11 l1 H36e)f(aTb npo6JieMbl He,ll,O-
e3,ll,a 1(0 IIY)f(HOrO Mecra H3-3a HH3KOfO ypoBH5I 3ap5ILI,a aKI<yMj'JI5ITOpa. www.technicamolodezhi.ru > 31leKTpOHHO-Bbii.IIIICJ1111TeJlbHbiH Mlllp Gwl HagoMeTpoa 4SP ace MeHbwe 34nm 25nm 20nm I
ntel 11 Micron Technology o6∙b-
HBHJIH o nepexone na HopMbi 20-HM TeXHOJJOrHY.eCKOrO npo-
~ecca rrp11 rrpoM3BOD.CTBe NAND (HE-
11) naM5ITH. Hosbri1 npo~ecc no3BOJIHer Bhi-
rrycKaTb 'IHIIhi rraM5ITH eMKOCThiO 8 f6 C MHOroypOBHeBOH crpyKTy-
pou 5I'leeK B BU,Ue MIIHHaTIOpHblX MOLI.yJleH, Il03BOJI5ITOU1HX xpaHHTb orpoMnoe KOJIH'fecrno MY3biKa.rrb-
HhJX TpeKOB, BH,ll,COj)OJlHKOB, 3JJeK-
TpOHHbiX KIIHr 11 ,ll,pj'fHX ,llallHbiX B cMaprcpoHax H nJiamu.erax. 3TH Y.HIIbl 6y,nyr Upl1MeH5ITbC71 TaK)f(e B rnepl(oTeJJhHhiX naKorrHTeJIHX (SSD). HoBbie MHKpocxeMhi, BhiiiOJIHeH-
Hbie Ha 6a3e 20-HM TeXHOJJOl'HH, HMeJOT UJIOtUal(b BCefO 118 KB. MM 11 3aHHMaiOT Ha 30-40% MCHblliC npocTpaiicrna na neLLanwu nJia-
re (3aBHCHT OT THna Koprryca) no cpaBHCHHro c YnrraM 11 eMKoc'rbro 8 f6, BbiUOJIHeHHbiMI1 Ha 6a3e 25-HM rexHOJIOrl111. YMeHblliCHHe pa3MCpOB ff03BOJI5IeT y JJY'IlliHTb CBOHCTBa KOHe'IIIOfO rrpOL(j'KTa, HanpHMep ycraHOBHTh 6arapcro 6oJihmei1 eMKOCTH, 6oJJhWHH 3KpaH HJIH l(06aBHTb CU\C Ot\HH Y.Hfl AJJ5I paClliHpeiiU5I cpyHKUHOHaJJbHbiX B03MO)f(HOCTeH. ITpH :'!TOM 20-HJ\1 npot~ecc coxpaH5Ier npe)f(HHII ypoBeHb CKOpOCTH pa60TbJ cp1I3Ill-
rraM5ITI1 11 o6ecneY.HBaer CTOJih )f(e LI,JlHTeJJhHbTH cpoK 3KCIIJiyaraUIIH. B 6Jm)f(aumeenpeM5I Intel11 Micron ITJiaHHpyroT npeLI,CTaBHTb o6pa3-
~bl MHKpOCXeM CMKOCTbiO 16 f6, KOTOpbre U03BOJI71T C03AaBaTb TBCPAOTeJJbHbiC HaKOHHTeJIH eM-
KOCTbJO 128 f6 C pa3l\IepaMII, MeHhUIHMH, Y.eM IIOLLTOBa5J MapKa. 9 ~ a. 0 -8-
I :s: 0 0 u "' ~ (1) z () E-
o u c e u E E 0 u ui ::l C/l ~ 2 • 3neKTpOHHO∙BbllU1CmtrenbHbl" M~p WapHKOBIR PY'IK8 HJiiiT B QHIIJPY K o MnaH111~ Wacom npe,qcTas111na HOBYIO Mo,qenb wapii1Kosoil1 pyYKII1, no3so n ~10 ~ e il1 p111cosaH111e OT PYKII1 Ha 6yMare 111 l...l111c:j::>pOBYIO 06pa60TKY 111306pa:>+<eHII1il1. ,QB111:>+<eHII1~ wapii1Ka Ha KOHYII1Ke pyYKII1 Inkling no 6ecnposo,qHoil1 cs~3111 socnpii1HII1MaiOTC~ np111eMHII1KOM, 111 Hapll1cosaHHoe 111306pa:>+<eHII1e BBO,QII1T C~ B KOMnbiOTep, r,qe MO:>+<eT 6b1Tb OTpe,qaKTII1pOBaHO. 10 flpHiiMHHK. l13o6pa)l(eHMe B !IJopMaTe, COBMeCTMMOM C 60nbWMHCTBOM rpa!IJM'IeCKMX CMCTeM, BBO,QMTCJI B KOMnbiOTep 3apR/lHOe fCTpOHCTBO. noaaonReT aapR)I(3Tb KaK py'IKy, TaK M npMBMHMK. TpM 'laca aapR.Qa o6ecne'IMB310T BOCeMb '13COB pa60Tbl 3anpaBKa PY'IKM KHonKa «Cnoif». Hao6pa)l(eHMe MO)I(eT C03,Q3B3TbCJI MMHMManbHOe no CnOJIM paCCTOJIHMe Me)I(.QY npMBMHMKOM M o6naCTbiO MCOB3HMJI -
2 CM 6yMara. MaKCMManbHbiM !IJopMaT A4 3apR.Q M nepe,p,a'la----' ,p,aHHbiX 'lepea USB WapHK. ABM)I(eHMR wapMKa nepe,p,atOTCR npMBMHMKY no ynbTp33BYKOBOMY M MH!IJpaKp3
CHOMY KaHanaM CBR3M. TexHonorMR onpe,p,eneHMR 'IYBCTBMTenbHOCTM K H3)1(3TMIO W3pMK3 (1 024 ypOBHJI} n03BOnReT onpe,p,enMTb M 33nOMHMTb CMny H3)1(3TMJI Ha Hero npM PMCOB3HMM tlJOpM8Tbl t/Jaifnos: JPG, BMP, TIFF, PNG, SVG, PDF rexH•Ka-t.tonoAii"'" 11 #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 Heo6biKHoBeHHoe -
ps:!AOM Eia6ax EiOilbWOM, HO o6naropo>KeHHbiM Ilp11Bhl'-IHbiH TepMHH <1EOJTbWOH B3pb1B~ npOYJIO BOilleJT B Haw o611x0Ll, OL(HaKo aHrJTI1HCKoe coYeTaHI1e Big Bang npamtJibHee nepeBOLli1Tb KaK <1EOJ1billOH XJTO TIOK ~, <1EOJTbWOH 6a6ax~ 111111 <<EOJJbWOH 6yM>>. ,ZJ,eno B TOM, YTO TepMHH np11LlYMaJI BOBCe He CTOpOHHHK Teop1111 Eonhworo B3pbma, a OLli1H 113 ee rnas-
HbJX npOTJ1BH11KOB -113BeCTHbiH6p11TaHCKJ1j;'J KOCMOJ!Of <Dpe,a XotiJT. OH CYI1TaJI, YTO y BceneHHOi1 HeT eL(HHCTBeHHOH TOYKH o6pa3oBaHI1.H, 11 o,aHa:>K,ahr, YI1Ta.H JTeKU,HIO, 3a.HBHJI, LJTO H,ae51 0 TaKOH TOYKe Ka:>KeTC.H eMy COBeprneH HO HeyL(OBJTeTBOpHTeJT b-
HOti. Ilp11 3TOM Xoi:fn ynOTpe611JJ CJJOBOCOYeTaHHe Big Bang www.technlcamolodezhi.ru > B Kpai1He YHI1YI1:>KI1TeJTbiiOM CMbiCJie, Tl1na EoJJbillOH Ea6ax. Ho no 11pOHHI1 cy,ah6bl 3TO Ha3Balll1e np11rJI.HHYJJOCh 11 TeM, KTO 6h1Jl no LlpyryJO CTOpOHY Ha}"-IHbiX 6app11Katl, Y.l TepMHII npOYHO BOilleJI B o6HXOti, yTpanlB npeHe6pe:>KI1TeJJbHblH OT-
TellOI( H rtp11H.HB B pyCCI<OH BepCHH 6naropOtiHbiH Bl1tl <1EOJib-
WOH B3pb1B~. KCTaTI1 rosop51, 3TOT caMhlH <16JJaropo,aHhli1 Bl1tl>> MHOrHX BBOtiHT B 3a6Jiy:>K,aeHI1e -
B03HI1KaeT o6pa3 3TaKOH 51pKOH BCTibiUJKI1 CBeTa, COTipOBOJK,aaeMOH a,aCKI1M rpOXOTOM. Ha CaMOM ,aeJJe He 6blJ10 Hl1 CBeTa, J-111 3B)'Ka -Ha TOT MOMeHT ~ I X npOCTO He cyW,eCTBOBaJIO. YH 111 "'TO>KeH bl, HO 6YAYT YA111B11SITb Ha OtiHOM 113 caMbJX 3HaMeHHTbiX CHHMI<OB, c,aeJTaHHbiX C flOMOWbiO TeJTeCKOrta <1Xa66JJ>>, 3afleYaTJJeHbl TaK Ha3bi-
BaeMhle CTOJiflhi TBopeHH51 -
o6naCTb 3Be3,aoo6pa3oBaHI151, pacnono:>Keima.H B co3Be3.U1111 OpiTa. KaK HH npo3ai1YHO, 3TH YLlHBHTeJihHhie CTpyKT)'pbr npe,acraBJI5!lOT co6oi1 o6pa-
30BaHHe 113 xono,aHoro ra3a, npeHMymecrBeHHO so,aopo.aa, 11 KOCMHYeCKOH TibiJIH. Ha CllHMKe 3aneYaTJrellbl npoueCCbl, np011CXOL(HBWI1e OKOJIO 7000 JieT Ha3a,a, 11 3Ta <fJoTorpa-
<fJJ15J -
<<npe.acMepnia51>>. B 1995 r. <1 Xa66 n~ y,ai1BI1JI MHp HeBepo51THOH KpacoToi1 CToJT nos, a cnycT.H ,aec.HTI1JJenre ,apyrOH TeJTeCKOfl 3a<fJ11KC11pOBaJI 3apo:>K,aalOli.I,J1l1c.H B3pbiB CBepXHOBOH B 3TOM pai:folle KOCMOCa. TaK YTO, no no,accre-
TaM yYeHhiX, CTonnhi TBopeHH51 6btJII1 YHI1YTO:>KeHbi 6000 JleT Ha3a,a, HO eme l.(eJJyiO TblC5!YY JJeT OHI1 6yLl)'T .ll:OCT)'HHbl HaweMy 11a6mo,aeHHIO. 11 "' I 0 ~ C\J C\J co 0: c.. 10 0: ..... "' 0 ~ C\J () ::;: "' ::r :s; I ..... 0: c 0 c • 0: :s; I "' g 0 c.. :s; ::;: :0 () 0 c.. c 0 co <'∙ >-
::;: Ql T 0 c • >-
::;: ::;: "' c.. L.. 0 c.. c ~ :s; c.. 13 ::;: 0 rexHMKa "' rexHonorMM Co10a napa M DOPWHH B XXI BeKe VlaaH TPOXVlH, acnl!lpaHT MAVl, l-1H)!(8Hep BV13CX PoccenbX03aKaAeMl-1l-1. Pl!lc. aaropa «KOnX03Ha5=1 T3W» -TaK Ha3biBanaCb CTaTb5=1 .n. WyKepHIIIKa, ony6niiiKOBaHHa5=1 s «TM» N2 11 3a 1953 r. B TO speM5=1 so Bcecmo3HOM HayYHO-
IIICcne,qosaTenbCKOM IIIHCTIIITyTe M8XaHIII3al....lllllll cenbCKOrO X035=1IIICTBa (8111M) ,Qn5=1 cenbCKIIIX TennosneKTPOL....18HTpanelll (T3W) 6blna pa3pa6oTaHa cnel....llllanbHa5=1 naposa5=1 MaWIIIHa-
secbMa 3KOHOMIIIYHa5=1, Ha,QEbKHa5=1 Ill BbiCOK0060pOTHa5=1. '-lacToTa spall.leHIII5=1 ee sana ,qoxo,q111na ,QO 750 06/MIIIH (y 06biYHbiX napOBbiX MaWIIIH -
400-450 06/MIIIH Ill M8HbW8). Ho Mana KTO cerO,QH5=1 3HaeT, YTO nepsa5=1 OT8Y8CTB8HHa5=1, nOIIICTIIIH8 BbiCOKoo6opoTHa5=1, naposa5=1 MaWIIIHa 6blna nocTpoeHa ell.le s 1936 r., T.e. pasHa 75 neT Ha3a,Q. naposoll! MOTOp MOr pa3rOH5=1TbC5=1 ,qo 1800 o6/MIIIH! CTOIIIT n111 scnoMIIIHaTb o6 3TOM s XXI s., s seKe BbiCOKIIIX TexHonorllllll? HecoMHeHHO. Be,Qb IIIMeHHO naposolll MOTop 5=1Bn5=1eTc5=1 «npa,qe,qywKolll» cospeMeHHbiX naponopwHeBbiX ,QBIIIraTenell!, KOTOpbl8 cerO,QH5=1 pa3pa6aTbiBaiOTC5=1 B POCCIIIIII. IIapoBoi1 MOTop 1936 r. npe,QHa3Ha-
'-laJIC51 AJ
151 CJ1JIOBOH ycTaHOBKH Cai\'10-
JieTa 11 6biJT cnpoeKT11poBaH B Moc-
KOBCKOM aBHaUHOHHOM TeXHI1KyMe. I13roTOBHJIH MOTOP Ha O,QHOM 113 MOC-
KOBCKHX 3aBO,QOB. OH 6hrJI pacC'-!11-
TaH ,QJIH pa6oThi Ha neperpeTOM nape c ,QaBJieHI1eM 6,1 Mila (61 aTM) 11 TeM-
nepaTypoM. 380'C. II p113HaKaMH, oT JIH'-laBwHMH napo-
Bhre MOTOpbi OT KJTaCCI1'-!eCK11X napo-
Bb!X MaWHH, 6biJTI1 He TOJTbKO HX CKO-
pOCTHble KaYeCTBa, HO l1 COBeprneHJIO ,11,pyroi1 THn napopacnpe,QeJieiii151. MoTopbr pa6oTaJII1 c O,QHOKpaTHhiM 12 paCI1111peHHeM napa B U11JT11H,Qpax. IIap oT KOTJJa 11ocryna;r napaJIJieJih-
HO BO BCe U11Jl11H,Il,pbl, ITO,Q06HO TOMy, KaK TOITJII1BOB03,QYWHa51 CMeCb -
B UHJIHH,Il,pbl ,IJ,BHraTeJT51 BHyTpeH He-
rO cropaHHH ()lBC), B TO Bpewr KaK y KJiaCCH'-leCKI1X napOBbiX Maw 11 H nap npOXO,IJ,I1Jl L!epe3 BCe UHJIHH,Q-
pbi Jl OCJT e,QOBaTeJI b H 0, paCW11p5151Cb, TaKHM o6pa30M, M HOfOKpanro. 3TO IT03BOJIJ1JIO CHJ1311Tb HeJ136e)KHOe 11 6ecnoJie3110e naL1e11r1e ,QasJreHHH napa BJ-tyTpH napopacnpeAeJTI1TeJT&-
I-IhiX MeXal-!113MOB 11, CJie,QOBaTeJlbHO, nOJIY'-IHTb 6oJiee BhlCOK0060pOTI-IhlH ,IJ,BHfaTeJih npH 0,/J,HOM H TOM )Ke ,QaB-
Jiei!HH napa, nocTynarowero B ABHra-
TeJT b OT KOT Jia. HeMHOrl1e ceroLJH51 3riaiOT, '-ITO KOII-
CTPYKU1111 napoBoi1 TexHHKH anox11 1950-X rr. 6biJTH He TaK y)K HeCOBep-
rneHHbi, KaK ccunaeTC51 TpaLJ11Ul10H-
HO. Hy)KHO TOJihKO npaBHJTbHO cpaB-
HHBaTh 3HeproycTaHOBKH C TaKHMH nOpWHeBhiMH LJBHraTeJT51M 11 H C COB-
peMCHHbiMH napOBbfMH Typ6HHaMH, T.e. 11p11 OLJHHaKOBOM LJaBJiel! 1111 p 1 11 TeJVIIlepaTypc t
1 napa Ha Bxo,Qe s aTH ,IJ,BHraTeJTI1 l1 OLJHHaKOBOM TipOTHBO-
,QaBJieJIHH p
2 napa Ha BbiXOLJe 113 HHX ( CM. Ta6JT. ). Tor,Qa CTaHOBl1TC51 ocre-
BI1LJI!blM, cno yLieJlbHbiH pacxoLI napa d
0
,
1 I-Ia e,11,11 H 11 UY Bbipa6aTbiBaeMOH aJieKTp11YecKoi1 Mowr-rocTH P oJI' a cJie-
LIOBaTeJihHO, 11 KIILJ, y nopwHeBhrx 3JICKTpOreHepaTOpllbJX ycTaJlOBOK C0-
113MepHM c yLJeJibHhiM pacxonoM napa B COBpeMeHI-IbiX napoTyp611 HJiblX yc-
TaHOBJ<aX, MOIUHOCTb KOTOpblX ,Qa)Ke B I
UTTb pa3 60JihiJle! C pOCTOM YaCTOTbl BparueHH51 BaJTa napOBOH MaUIHifbl ec KIILJ,, npH npo-
L[I1X paBJ-lb!X ycJJOB1151X, pacTeT 3a ccreT COKpatUel-11151 11p0,11,0Jl)KHTeJibHOCTII BnycKa napa B UHJIHHAP H Bcero napo-
CI1JIOBoro Ul1 KJia. 3TO yMeHbWaeT Bpe-
M51 COnpHKOCI-IOBeHH51 napa CO CTeHKa-
MI1 L[I1Jli1HLJpa, '-ITO BeLJeT K CH¥1)KeH¥1IO TeflJTOJIOTepb B MaiJlHHe. Ilp11 YaC-
TOTaX Bpa11[eHI151 750-1500 o6jMHII 11 MOll[liOCT5!X, JlO KpafiHeH Mepe, L!O e,QI1HI11l MerasaTT napOBhre M.auurHbr, TOL!Jiee y)Ke MOTOpbl, HMeiOT paCXO,IJ, napa ITOYTI1 B 1,5 pa3a MeHhlliH~l, creM y napOBbiX Typ61111 B H51Tb pa3 60Jib-
we}I MOIUHOCTH! I1 3TO rrp11 pa6oTe He TOJlbKO Ha neperpeTOM (230-370'C), HO 11 HaCblll[eHHOM nape. MocKoBCKHe yl!eHbic 11 H3o6peTaTeJr 11 BbiCKa3aJJH 11,/J,eiO, KaK 11CnOJib30BaTb LJOCTH)KeHJ151 B o6JraCTH napOMaWH-
HO-l1 napOMOTOpOCTpOeHH51, HO TOJib-
KO Ha HOBbiH Jia,Q. Hy)I{JiO B351Tb BCe caMoe Jiy'-lrnee OT naposbrx MaWHH H MOTOpOB H LI06aBHTb K 3TOMY COBpe-
MeiiJI bre TeXHOJIOrHH B o6nacnr nopw-
HeBhiX ,IJ,BHraTeJiei;\. I1LJeHHbiM <<BO)K,I],eM>> H 6eCCMeHHbiM pyKOBOLJHTeJieM aToi1 rpyn nbr 5IBJI5IeT-
C51 JiaypeaT nol!eTIIoro 3HaKa «I13o6-
peTaTeJih CCCP» B.C. Ll,y6HHHH. IloLI ero pyKOBOLICTBOM cOTPYLIHHKI1 rpynllbl erue B KOHUC npOWJIOI'O BCKa rexH•Ka-MonoAih•• II #ll3711 OKTR6pb 2011 !':∙ I np11J1Y~1a.n11, KaK eneJiaTh rrapoBoj;i MOTOp 113 .1106oro ,llBC. ITepeneJIKe, no eyTil, notLJJClKHT TOJlhKO e11-
ne~ 1 a TOfiJIHBOIIO L ~ ac a1. Haec 6a3C e03,1laeT-
eH, llanpiiMCp, ra30,IlHI-JaMW!CeKa5! eHeTCJVJa BnyeKa H BblllyeKa pa6o'-lero TCJia (aBT. eBHn. 1753001, aBropbi: l1.E. YJihRHOB, B.C . .lly-
6mlltH 11 /lp.) (p11e. 1), T.e. napa. KapTep 3 e WaTyiiiiO-IIOpWilCBO}i rpynnoi1 OCraiOTe51 OT Hexon11oro )lBC. Ilapopaen pe.UCJICHI1C B TaKOM MOTOpe II pOHe-
XO.L\IIT eJIC.UYJOWMM o6pa30M. Ilap fiO,IlaeTe51 S rJIJI b3Y UHJII!Hnpa '-1epe3 ycraHOBJICH IIOe S 11ei1 eylKaJow.eeot eonJIO 1. ,llasJJeHI1e napa S UIIJII111.Upe seer,11a HMlKC, '-ICM S 11eT0'-11111KC 11apa ( KOT JIC ). Ilp11 3TOM BCJJH'-IHHa ,a,aSJJCII 1151 11a SXO.UC S eOIIJIO 6oJiblliC, LJCM L ~B C TpCTb-
11X SCJ111411llbl, 11p11 KOTOpOH o6eeneLJHBaeT-
eH eBepxKpiiTI!LJCeKI1ll rrepena,a, .[\aSJICHMj;'I ~lelKny SXO.UOM ll BbiXOAOM eOilJla. Il03TO-
MY nap HenpephlBHO rronaeTe5! B UHJIMHnp. B pc3yJtbTaTe .uasJieHMe n UMJIMH.Upe paCTeT, 11 nopwcllb 113 sepxHei1 MepTso}l TO'-IKH BMT nepeMeutaeTeR B Hl1)l(HIOJO HMT. Jl1111ej;'IJIOe IICpCMC
li[CliYIC llOpiUH5! '-1Cpe3 Kpvl BOUTI1 n-
IIO-WaTyl!HhlM MCXaHI13M, KaK 11 y 11eXO L ~ II O­
ro .llBC, npeo6pa3yeTe51 no spau[aTeJJhT-roe nBHlKCliHC KOJlCII'-IaTOfO BaJJa. IlpH f!O.L\XOAC K HMT, nopJUeHb OTKpbmaeT BbmyeKJ-IOe oTBepcme ( KaHaJJ) 2 s rHJJ b3e UHJI 11 II.Upa, 11 nap SblXOniiT 113 MOTOpa. )laBJICH He S L(HJI HJT-
.Upe nanaeT, II IIOpiUCHb ITO.[\ .ueikTBl1CM MO-
MCHTa e11JJ IIHepuvrvr rrepeMewaeTeR s BMT. ,llaJJce I[JIKJJ noBTOpHeTeH. HMKaKHX KJtana-
IIOS, 30JIOTHHKOB 11: ••• 3aTpaT MOW.HOeTH Ha IIX npH son! TaKaH napopaenpc t ~e JJ HTCJJ bHa51 elleTeMa 06JJanaeT BCehMa MaJJblM HlJJ,paSJJH-
'-ICeKIIM eOllj)OTI1SJICI-!11CM. Ilo3lKe, ylKe B 11aweM seKe, no11o6HbTe na-
poshJe MOTOpb! 11a 6a3e )lBC H306pCTaTCJIH !la3BaJJJI naponopUJHCBbl~IH .L\SHfaTCJI51MH (Ilil.ll) onHoeTopomrero .uaBJJCIIHR. B TaKO~ J nsnraTCJIC nap .[\aBMT Ha llOpJJJCII b TOJI bKO e 0.[\1-!0ii eTOj)OHbf. Ilil.ll MMeeT UIIPKYMII[H-
OHIIYIO elleTeMy eMa3KM e <<eyXHM>> KapTepOM, Kat< y )lBC TCfiJIOS030S II 3JICKTpOeTalli[Hll, T.e. eMa30'-IIIOC MaCJTO 110,111!aSJICIIIICM llj)OKa-
LIJISaeTe51 L1epe3l!SHrareJJb, 3aTC ~I OLIJIU[acTe51 II eJIOBa llOnaeTe51 B nBllraTCJib. Ilff)l ~ I OryT pa60TaTb S UJIIpOKOM 1!11alla30-
IIC JlaSJJCIIII i'1 II TC~1 nepaTyp 11apa -
OT 0,5 no 4 MITa (5-40 aTM) " oT 150 no 44o∙c. ITo YaeTOTC BpautCllll5! BaJia Ilil)l npcsoexon51T csoero ~IOTop11oro ~ npa,a,cny wt< y >> 11 Moryr pacKpy'-111BaTbe5! no 3000 o6jMHIJ! 06JJaCTb 11p11MCIICHM5! Ilil)l OTIIOel1Te51 K awryaJibiiOMY llanpaBJJCHI1JO B MaJJoll 311ep-
reTIIKC Poee11H -
eo3naHJie MIIIIII-T3U. www.technicamolodezhi.ru ... 3neKTpocraHL\l-1l-1, cHa6>KaiOll\l-1e ropo.Qa 3neKrpo3
Heprl-1ei1l-1 rennoM, Ha3biBaiOT renno3neKTpOL.(eHTpanllML-1 (T3l.j). Henb3ll nl-1 l-1 8 cenbCKOM X03lli1CTB8 npl-1M8Hl-1Tb TaKOe KOM6l-1Hl-1pOBaHHOe CHa6>K8Hl-18 KOnX0308 l-1 COBX0308 3neKrpo3Heprl-1e
i1l-1 rennoM? 6blno 6bl, KOHeYHO, H8Bblf0,QHO CTpOL-1Tb ,Qnll 3TOi1l\enl-1 KpynHble T3Lj, TaK KaK npl-1WnOCb 6bl ,[10 scex o6beKros npono>Kl-1Tb .Qnl-1HHble rpy6onposo.Qbl .Qnll ropllYei1 BO.Qbl l-1nl-1 napa. ropa3,QO nyYW8 l-1CnOnb30BaTb .Qnll 3Toro naposoi1 .QBL-1rarenb Manoi1 MOll\HOCTL-1, KOTOpbli1 MOr 6bl CHa6,Ql-1Tb 3Heprl-1ei1 nl-1Wb O,Ql-1H KOnX03 l-1nl-1 O.QHY ,QepeBHIO. C noMOll\biO napa MO>KHO TaK>K8 npOL-1380,Ql-1Tb MeXaHL-1Y8CKOe ,[108Hl-18 Kopas. 06b!YHble .QOL-1nbHble annapaTblycrpoeHb!TaK, YTO OHL-1 npl-180,[\llTCll 8 ,Qei1CTBL-18 pa3pe>KeHL-1eM B03,Qyxa 8 rpy6onpOBO,Qe, K KOTOpOMY OHL-1 npl-1C08,Ql-1H8Hbl. ,[\Jill C03.QaHL-1ll pa3pe>KeHL-1ll 803.QYWHbiM HaCOCOM l-13 Tpy6 OTKaYL-18aiQT 803.QYX. 111Mell nap .Qa8neHL-1eM 6onee 5 aTMOCQJep, MO>KHO ropa3.QO npoll\e nonyYL-1Tb pa3pe>KeHL-1e 8 rpy6ax. ,[\Jill 3TOrD npl-1M8Hll8TCll napocrpyi1Hbli1 8aKyyM-Hacoc, He l-1M810ll\l-1i1 ,[18l-1>KYll\l-1XCll Yacrei1l-1 no3TOMY oc
o6eHHO HaAe>KHbli1 8 pa6ore ... «TM» Ng 11, 1953 r. TeXHr.1Ka 1.1 TeXHOI10rr.11.1 B noeJienHee speM51 s npOMhiWJICllHOeTII 11 iK11Jl11 ULHO-KOMMY HaJJ bllOM X035!MeTBe see 6oJJee Oe03HaCTe51 UCJieeoo6pa3HOCTb KOM-
6Hll11pOSai!HOro npOH3BO.[\eTsa 3JICKTpHLfCe-
KOM H TenJJosoi1 3HeprHH (t<orcHepaJJ,vw) Ha MMHH-T3U, paenoJJaraeMbiX s Herroepe,a,e-
TBCHHoi16JJH30eTH OT fiOTpe6wreJJ51. 3TO nacT B03MOlKHOeTb eBeeTH K MHHHMYMY 110TCj)H 3He
prmr npH ee TpaHenopT11pOBKe rt OAHO-
BpCMCHHO noBhJeHTh Kil.ll 11enoJJ b30BaHvrH elKMraeMoro TOITJJHBa BITJIOTh .uo 90%! Kpo-
Me TOrD, 3JICKTj)0311Cpr115! OT UCt!TpaJJ 1130-
BaHH b!X 3JICKTpOeTaHU11M noeTOHHJ-10 nopo-
lKaeT, a y'-laW.CHMC eJiy'-laCB B03HMKHOBCII 1151 illKSaJJ bl-1 blX BCTj)OB JICTOM H aHOMaJib~l blX 3aMOp03KOB 3HMOM llj)HBOAHT K eHMiKCIIHIO J-
la!'lelKIIOeTI1 JIHI-m M 3JICKTj)OIICj)Ci'la'-IH H3-
3a '-!aeTbiX o6pb1BOB npOBOAOB. Il03TOMY Bee '-lame H LJaw.e X035111eTBeiiHble noTpe6HTCJIH OTKa3bJBaJOTe51 OT llcriOJ!b30BaHH51 KOTCJib-
HbiX VI HaneTpml BaJOT HX 3JICKTpoarperaTa-
MM e rrapOBbiM~ I Typ6HJ-JaMH. IloTpe6wreJIH, y KOTOpblX S KOTCJibHbTX eT05!T TOJibKO KOT-
Jlbl nJIH JrarpeBa BOAbl (BO t ~orpeMHbi e ), eTa-
paiOTe5! 3aMCJII1Tb HX Ha napOSblC KOTJibl. Benb 3KOHOMHH TOIUivrBa npvr eHH)l(CHHH TCfiJJOBblX Jlarpy30K (11anp11Mep, BCeHoJ';'r) BC.[\eT K 6b1CTpOH KOpp031111 fiOBCpXIlOCreiJ 1rarpesa y Bonorpei111bJX KOTJIOB, a peaJJhHbrj;'J e
pOK eJJyiK6bi TaKHX KOTJIOB eOeTaBJI51CT IIC 6oJiee 10 JICT e 3aMCI!Oi:'! l10BCpXHOeTCll IJa-
rpeBa '-1epe3 KalK,Ilble 2-3 roLta. IlapOBhJe iKe KOTJibl, KOJlCLIJlO, nopO)KC SO.[\OrpeMHbiX, 1-10 3KenJiyaTaUMOHHbiC 3aTpaTbl Ha HX eO,a,Cp-
)l(aHHC HMiKC H OJIH MOfYT HanelKHO pa6oTaTb He MCJ-Jee 35 JICT 6e3 3aMCHbT llOBCpXHOeTCM 11arpcBa. l1 CLUe on1111 MOMCHT. B napoBbiX KOTCJihllhJX ,a,aBJJCHHe napa B KOT-
Jiax, pa3peUJeiiHOe opraHaMvr PoeTexua.u3o-
pa, o6bJLJHO He npcsblwaeT 0,7-1 Mila (7-
10 an1), aS napOBOn51HbiC Ten JJ006~ I C HHH K JI (HarpeBaJOT noay napoM) noeTynaeT nap e 6oJiee HH3KHM ,a,asJJeHHeM -
0,12-0,6 Mila (1,2-6 aTM). Il03TOMY 3JICKTpoarperaTbl e napOBbiMH Typ6HHaMH SKJIID'-IaiDTe51 B3a-
MCJ-l peayKI [HOH HO-OXJJaAHTCJlbHbiM yeTpOI-'1-
eTBaM. BMeeTo 6eeno;Je3Horo npckeem1po-
salrH51 napa Typ61111bl eOBCpWaiOT IIOJIC311YIO pa6oTy 110 11pHSO L ~Y 3JICKTj)OfCHepaTOpOS, a OTpa6oTaBLII ~I M nap Han paBJI51CTe5! B napOBO-
n51HOM TenJioo6MeJII!JtK, noe11e Llero -
'-1epe3 e11eTeMy ocmeTK~' o6paTHO n KoTell. TaKI1M o6pa30M, KOTCJibHaH npeBpawaeTe51 B He3a-
SMeHM bl M OT l[CH'rpaJIH30BaHHbiX 3JICKTpOeC-
TCI';j TCXH11K0-3KOilOM wreeKH BhirOnHbTH He-
T0'-111111< TCnJJOBOM 11 3JICKTj)H'-1CeKO}J 3Hepr1111. 3TOH 3JICKTp03HeprHH OKa3hiBaeTe51 BOOJIHC 13 l r.--
TeXHI.1Ka 1.1 rexHonor1.11.1 1 2 J PHC. 1. OapOBOH MOTOp C ra30RHHaMH'IeCKHM "apopac"peReneHHeM JlOCTaTO'fHO ,ll,JI.SI o6ecne'feH1151 p.s:r,a;a noTpe6HTenei1 no6mr30CT11, 11Mero-
li\HX CYMMapHyro MOIUHOCTb B napy COTeH KHJIOBaTT. TaKa51 TexHonorH5! KoreHepauHH B Ko-
TeJihHhrx C HCI10Jlh30BaHHeM napOBbTX Typ6HH MaJIOH 11 cpe,ZJ,HeH MOIUHOCTH (npH6JIH3HTeJJhHO l.IO 10 MBT) 6bTJia Ha3BaHa llpHOpHTeTHOH B o6JiaCTH 3Heproc6epe1KeHH.SI B Pocnm B peiiie-
HHH Empo OTlleJieHH51 cp113HKO-TexH11-
'-!eCKHX rrpo6neM 3HeprenrKH PAH. Co3,a;atoTc.s:r H MOIUtlbre T3U Ha nno-
ma,a;Kax ,ZJ,eHCTBYIOIUHX KOTeJihHbiX. HanpHMep, 3aMeHmOTC.SI yCTapeBwHe napOBhie KOTJlbl C tJ;aBJieHHeM Ha-
Chlii.(eHHOrO napa 1,4 MTia (14 aTM) 11 TeMrrepaTypoif 194oC Ha KOTJJbl C nasneHHeM rreperpeToro napa 4 Mila (40 aTM) 11 TeMrrepaTypoti 440°C. TipH TeX JKe ra6apHTaX KOTJIOB 3Jiei<TpH-
lfeCKa51 MOIUHOCTb TaKOH T3U 6y,a;eT ropa3,a;o 6oJibiiie. CJie,a;yeT OTMeTHTh, '-ITO cneuHaJIHC-
TaMH pOCCHHCKOH KOMTiai-IHH <<ileTpO-
KoTen-
BUKC>> ocsoerrhr TexHoJiorHK peKOHCTpyKUH11 MHOfHX OTe'feCTBeH-
HhiX KOTJlOB tl;JI51 CJKHfaHH.SI «HeTpa-
llHUHOH Hh!X» B11tl;OB TOllJIHBa, TaKHX KaK HH3KOCOpTHbl H yroJih, OTXOtl;bl yrJieo6orarueHH.SI, WJiaM, ,ll,peBeCHbJe 11 pacntTeJibHhie OTXOtl;hi. TipH peKOH-
CTPYKUHH rrpaKTHYeCKH TIOJIHOCTblO 14 COXpa1!51lOTC51 TpatJ;v!I.(110HHbie KOI!-
poarperaT C Otl;H11M 11JI11 HeCKOJibK11M11 CTPYKTHBHhre peiiieH11.SI no KOT JiaM, CMCTeMe IIIJiaK030JIOy,a,aJJelll151 11 aB-
TOMaT11Ke, '-ITO 31la'fHTeJJbHO CH11JKaeT KarmTaJihHhre 3aTpaThi Ha npoBe,a;e-
HMe TaK11x pa6oT. KoTeJI coxpaH.s:reTc.s:r Ha CBOeM MeCTe 11 He 3aTpar11BaeTC.SI BCTIOMOfaTeJlbi-!Oe o6opytJ;OBaH11e (Ha-
COCbi ll ,a,p.). 3KOJIOfH'-!eCKHe TIOKa3a-
TeJIH pa60Tbl TaKHX KOTJIOB C TOnKaM11 ,ll,Jl51 CJKI1raHH51 TOTIJI11Ba B BbiCOKOTeM-
nepaTypHOM U11PKYJIHpyiorueM KH-
TI51IUeM CJIOe y,ZJ,OBJieTBOp51IOT CaMbiM JKecTKMM Tpe6oBaHH.SIM PoCTexi-ra,a;-
3opa. L{JI51 6ecnepe6oi1Horo 3JieKTpoCira6-
)l(eHH.SI noTpe611Teneif KpyrJJ bl i1 ro,a; Heo6xo,a;11Ma 6e30CTaHOBO'-lJ-la.SI pa6o-
Ta MHH11-
T3U, YTO B03MOJKHO, ecn11 3Jierupo3Hepr11ro rer-repHpoBaTh np11 Bbipa60TKe TeiTJIOThi, He06X0,11;11MOH ,a,n.s:r o6ecrreYeH11.SI rop.s:rqero Bo,a;ocHa6-
1KeH11.SI noTpe6rneneif. JleTOM ,ZJ,JI.SI KOH,11;11!.(110H11pOBaHH51 TIOMeiUeHHH 6JIH3Jie)J(ali(I1X I10Tpe6MTeJieH MOJK-
HO 11Cl10Jih30BaTb He 3Jiei<Tp11YeCKI1e KOHtl;liUliOHepbi, a a6cop6IJ;MOHHhie xoJIOA11JihHhre MaWHH bl. OHM noTpe6-
nmoT TeTIJIOTY OTpa6oTaBIIIero B Typ-
6HHe napa, a BbitJ;aiOT XOJIOtl;. Erue 6onee 3cpcpeKTHBHhiMH cTaHOB.SIT-
C51 M11H11-
T3U npH HCTIOJih30BaH1111 B H11X BMeCTO Typ611H rraporrOpiiiHeBhiX AB11raTeJieH. CxeMbl BKJIIO'fer-m.s:r 3JieKTpoarperaTOB C TITIL{ (pHC. 2) 11 napOBOH Typ611HOH B napOBOH KOTeJihHOH rrpHHU11!111aJib-
HO Otl;HI-IaKOBbi. B nnn no,a;aeTC.SI nap OT KOTJia, a Bhrxnon ocyruecTBJI.SieTc51 B naposo-
A51HOH Tennoo6MeHHHK TIBT. KpoMe tl;B11faTeJI51M11 11MeeT B CBOeM COCTaBe 3JieKTporeHepaTop 11 6noK ero B03-
6yJK,a;eH11.SI, ynpaBJieH1151 11 3aii.(11Tbi EBY3, cocTO.SIIUHH, B csoro o<repe,a;h, 113 6JIOKOB B036yJK,a;eH11.SI 11 ynpaB-
JleH1151 EBY, 3aiUHTHOH asToMaTHKH E3A, C11CTeMbi ynpasner-m.s:r ECY 11 so36yJK,a;eHH5! EB oT KOHAeHcaTopos (Ha cxeMe noKa3aH sapHaHT c acvm-
xpOHHbTM 3JleKTporeHepaTopoM). Pac-
npe,a;eJI11TeJihHOe ycTpOHCTBO 3JleKT-
pH'IeCKH CB.SI3biBaeT 3JieKTpOarperaT C l10Tpe611TeJI.SIM11 3JieKTp03Hepr1111. TiyHKT11pHOH JI11H11eH Ha CXeMe nOKa-
3aHbi 3JieKTpH'IeCK11e CB.SI311 OT ,a;pyr11X 3JieKTporeHepaTopos. YnpaBJieH11e TITIL{ o6ecrre'-!11BaeTC.SI OT C11CTeMbi aB-
TOMaTH'-!eCKOfO ynpasJTeHH51 CCAY. TITIL{, B OTJIWIHe oT 6oJihiUHHCTBa Typ6HH, MOJKeT o6ecrre'-!HBaTb I1p51-
MOH rrp11BOA 3JieKTporer-repaTopa. Typ611He t~,JI5l 3Toro HyJKeH pe,a;yKTop, T.K. AJI51 o6ecne'feHH51 npHeMJieMoro pacxo,a;a napa oHa ,a;oJIJKHa pa6oTaTh HaBhlCOK11xo6opoTax(o6hl'-IHo3000-
8000 o6/Mim). TiapOBbiM Typ611HaM Tpe6yeTC.SI C11C-
TeMa OXJiaJK,a,eHH.SI, a 3TO -
tJ;OnOJI-
H11T
eJihHbiH paCXOA BOtl;hl 11 TIOTep11 3Hepr1111. TITIL{ JKe npOCTO TenJIOH30-
JI11pyiOTC.SI, a OXJiaJK,a;aTb 11X 11 BOBCe He HYJKHO, Be,a;h TeMnepaTypa B UMJIMHA-
pax nnn B S-6 pa3 HH:/Ke, '-!eM y HC-
XOtl;HhlX L{BC. Pecypc napoBhiX Typ6HH onpe,a;en.s:reT-
C51, B OCHOBHOM, pecypCOM JIOTiaTOK 113 tl;OpOfOCT051II.(I1X CTIJiaBOB, a y TITIL{ -
ropa3,ZJ,O 60Jiblli11M pecypCOM ,a;eUieBbiX y3JIOB IIIaTyHHo-nopiiiHeBoif rpyn-
nhr. TITIL{ o6na,a;aiOT cpeHOMeHaJibHOH tl;BHraTeJI.SI, rraporropiiiHeBOH 3JieKT-Ha,ZJ,eJKHOCTbiO, I1 HX pecypc MO)I(eT CpaBHMrenbHble xapaKTepMCTMKM 3neKrporeHeparopHbiX ycraHOBOK 1950-x M 2000-x rr. Tim ycraHOBKI1 P,, n, A6comorHoe AaBneHHe napa, Mna t,, ∙c d,,_K_r _ KBT 06/MI1H KBT. 't P, p2 C Ma W H H O~ 1177 212 1,47 0,2 390-409' 10,5 naposo3a cepl-1H n, 1950-e rr. C napOBbiM 67 600 2,2 0,2 360 10,3 MOTOpOM HAMl!l-012, 1
954 r. C COBp8M8HHO~ 5820 3000 2,35 0,196 390 10,5 Typ6HHO~ P-6-2,35/0, 196 «fOTpOH>> rexH••a-t.tonoAe'"" 11 #93711 OKTR6p• 2011 ~ -
,----------
1 I I I 58!J3 (58!:1, 53A/ 8 flBT PHc. 2. CxeMa naponopwHesoro 3neKTpoarperara THna nn3A 6h!Tb ,l],a)Ke Bbiiiie, Y:eM y 11CXO,ll,Hb!X L{BC, T.K. nap, B OTJII1'-Hte OT rop!OLJeH CMeCI1, He B3pbiBaeTC51, a paCIII11p5IeT-
C5I 11 IIJiaBHO ,ll,aBI1T Ha IIOpiiieHb. L{JI5I TeXHI1LJeCKOfO o6CJ!Y)KI1 BaJHU! Typ611H He06XO,ll,I1M CfleL(HaJJH3HpO-
BaHHb!H rrepcoHaJJ. IUIL{, KaK 6JJI13KI1e rro TI1IIY K L{BC, MoryT o6cJJy)KI1BaThC5I rrepcoHaJJOM c 6onee pacrrpoCTpaHeH-
HhiMI1 CfleL(HaJJbHOCT5IMI1. L{a 11 pe-
MOHT IIIIL{ MO)KHO rrp0113BO,ll,I1Th rrp.H-
MO Ha MeCTe :3KCTIJiyaTaL(l111. IIopiTmeBhre ,ll,B11raTeJIH, B T.Y:. 11 rrapo-
Bhre, 06JJa,ll,aiOT CBOHCTBOM CaMOCTa-
6!1JJI13al(l111 Y:aCTOTbl Bpa!l(eHH5I BaJia, Y:ero aeJih35I CKa3aTb o Typ6HHax. ::ho 58 OTKpbiTI1e 11H)Keaepa B.C. LI:y611H11Ha 113 MAM 5IBJI5IeTC5I, 6e3 rrpeyBeJJI1Y:e-
HI15I, peBOJIIOU110HHhiM B TeXH11Ke. Ero peaJIJ!l3ai!H5I II03BOJI5IeT o6ecrreLJI1BaTb flO,ll,,ll,ep)KaH He LJaCTOTbl Bpa!l(eHH5I BaJia ,ll,BI1raTeJJ5I C TaKOH TO'-IHOCTblO, '-ITO rrpHBO,ll,HMb!H :3JJeKTporeHepaTOp crroco6e11 Bbipa6aTbiBaTb :3JieKTpo-
:3Hepmio C LJaCTOTOH 50±0,2 [L(, KaK B po3eTKe. L{JI5I cpaBI-IeHH5I, ,ll,l13eJI b-
Hhle :3JieKTpOCTaH!.(I111 Bb!pa6aTbiBa-
IOT :3JJeKTpoaaepr11IO c 6oJiee rpy6oi1 TOY:HOCTbiO TIO,ll,,ll,ep)KaHI15I Y:aCTOTbi ( 50±0,5 fu). CaMocTa611JIM3aU115I ocymecTBJI5IeTC5I 6e3 OpraH 113al(HI--I o6paTH hi X CB5!3eH rrpH HMTIYJibcaoi1 no,ll,aLJe HJIH Bhrpa-
6oTKe pa6oLJero TeJia (napa) LJepe3 paBHhre rrpoMe)KyTKH BpeMeHH. TaKotl VLOMOND T www.lomond.ru TEPMOCY511liiMALU∙10H H bl&il n EPEHOC B AOMAWHliiX YCJ10BliiS1X UEHTP TEXHW∙IECKOill nOMEP>KKIIILOMONO ran. +7 (495) 921-33-93 TeXHiflKa lfl TeXHOJ10flfll.1 npoqecc, no cyTI1, aHaJiori1LJeH pa6oTe aaKepaoro MexaHI13Ma 11 Ma.HTHMKa B LJacax (B HaiiieM cJiyY:ae -
:3TO IIIIL{ C HCTO'-!HHKOM napa 11 3a,ll,aiOW111{ re-
HepaTOp MMITYJihCOB rro,ll,aLJM napa). CTOI1T OTMeTI1Th, Y:TO B. C. L(y611aHH pa3pa60TaJI B 1980-x rr. Teop1110 ca-
MOCTa611JII13aiJ;H11 Y:aCTOTbi Bpame-
HI15l TOJibKO ,ll,Jl5I O,ll,I-IOL(HJIH H,ll,pOBOfO rropiiiHeBoro ,ll,BHraTeJI5!. A rrapy JieT Ha3a,ll, MOJIO,ll,OH Hl-!)KeHep, BbiTIYCK-
Hl1K aapOKOCMHY:eCKOfO ¢aKyJibTeTa MAM C.O. lllKapyrra pacrrpoCTpaHHJI :3Ty TeOpHIO liJI5l CJiyY:a5l MHOf0Ili1-
JIHH,ll,pOBbiX nOpiiiHeBh!X ,ll,BI1faTeJieH, C KaKJ1MI1 11 np11XO,ll,I1TC5I 11MeTh ,ll,eJIO aa npaKTKKe. ToLJKY 3peHJ-I5l, OTHOCI1TeJihi-IO npe-
11MymecTB napOBb!X nOpiiiHeBhiX ,ll,BI1-
raTeJieH 1-Ia,ll, Typ6HHaMI1 ,ll,Jl5l MI1HI1-
T3U pa3,ll,eJI5IIOT 11 3apy6e)KHhre KOJIJiefl1, OTMeY:a5l, Y:TO MaJiopa3Mep-
Hhie napOBhre nopiiii-IeBbre ,ll,BI1raTeJII1, B OTJII1Y:I1e OT Typ611I-I, Ha,ll,e)KJIO H :3I<O-
HOMI1Y:HO pa6oTaiOT ,ll,a)Ke Ha BJia)KHOM nape 11 C yMepeHHbiMH LJaCTOTaMI1 BpaweHH5I. B 3aKJIIO'-!eHI1e xoTeJIOCh 6hr OTMe-
THTh, LJTO aJieKTpoarperaThi c IIIIL{ ITO,ll,XO,ll,5IT H ,ll,JI5l :3KOJ!Ofi1Y:eCKI1 LJHC-
TbiX coJII-Ie'-!I-IhiX MHHI1-T3U. B BI1-
3CX pa3pa6aTb!BaiOTC5l COJIHeY:Hhie KOJIJiei<TOpbi, KOTOpbie MO)KHO 11C-
TIOJ!b30BaTh B «COJII-IeLJHblX>> KOTJiaX ,ll,Jl5l TIOJiyY:eHI15l napa H3 BO,ll,bl. TM 11 5noroAop~ Howei1 rexHonorHH Bbl MO>Kere nepeHecrH mo6oe HJo6po>KeHHe HO MeTonn, Aepeso, KepOMHKy, CTeKnO H TKOHb. • • «68CCTP8WHbl8» OceHhiO 1905 r. rro5IBmrach rm¢opMa-
UI15I o cnemJJOH rroCTpoiir<e B AHriiHH Jli1HeHHOro KOpa6JI5I, IlOJIYYHBLUero 11M.H <<,llpemroyT>> ( d)ecCTpawJ-rbrH» ). flo CJiyxaM, ero 6oeBa.H MOIIIHOCTb Ha-
MHOfO rrpeBOCXO,ll,11Jia MOIIIHOCTb JII06oro KOpa6JI51 TOr,ZJ,aWHI1X Q:lJIOTOB ... «,llpe,ll,HOYT» 110CTp011Jll1 BCero 3a 18 MeC51-
UeB. BMeCTo rrpe)!(Hero Ha6opa pa3HOKaJII1-
6epHOH apTI1Jl.JlepHH ,ZJ,eC5ITb 305-MM opy-
,ll,11H pa3MeCTHJIH B HocoBoii, ,ZJ,Byx 6opTo-
BbiX, rreHTpaJibHOH 11 KOpMOBbiX 6awli5IX-
Bnepe,ZJ, 11 Ha3a,ZJ, MotJTH CTPeJI5ITh no TPI1 6awJm, B CTOpOHbl -
YeTbrpe. Ha TpeHornx J\1aYTax pa3MeCTHJIYI IlOCTbi Ha6JIIO,ZJ,eHH51 11 ,ll,aJibHOMepbl, ,ll,aJ-!Hbie KOTOpbiX noCTynaJIH Ha npH,ZJ,yMaJiHhiH a,ZJ,M11paJIOM n. CKOTrOM llOCT uer!TpaJibHOH HaBO,ll,K¥1. ,llJI.H 0Tpa)Ke-
Hl151 aTaK MI1HOHOCI!eB Ha Ha,ZJ,CTpOHXax, BepxHei1 rraJiy6e 11 r<phrwax 6aweH nocTa-
BHJIH ,ZJ,Ba ,ZJ,eC.HTKa 76-MM rryweK. ApT11JI-
JiepH.H cpe,ZJ,Hero KaJIH6pa He 6hrJio. ToJiwtma 6poHeno.Hca B oKoi-Ie'IHOCT.HX COCTaBJI.HJia 100 MM l1 K cepe,ll,11He KOpny-
ca B03paCTaJia ,ll,O 200 11 275 MM, TaKI1MI1 )Ke Bbll10JII-Il1Jl 11 CTeHbi HOCOBOH 11 KOp-
MOBOH py6oK, a 6poi-IenaJiy6 44 11 69 MM. fJiaBHhJe nepe6opK11 ,ZJ,OBeJIH ,ZJ,o cpe,ZJ,Heii naJiy6ht, ,ZJ,Bepeii 11 mrx He 6biJIO, nmToMy ,ZJ,Ji.H nepexo,ZJ,a B OTCeKH yCTpoHJIM wax-
Tht. B KaYeCTBe rJiaBI-Ioi1 ::mepreTHYecKoi1 yCTaHOBKH J-Ja «,llpe,ll,HOyTe>> npHMeHHJIH napOBYIO Typ6HI-Iy, KOTJlhl KOTOpOH pa6o-
TaJIH !Ia yrJie HJIH ero CMeCH C Ma3yTOM ... HoBhrii mmKop cTaJI o6pa3rrOM ,ZJ,JI51 no,ZJ,-
pa)KaHM.H, 11 ero HaCJie,ZJ,HI1KOB OKpeCTHJIH ,ll,pe,ll,HOyTaMH. I1 nepBbiMH Cro nOTOMKa-
MH 063aBeJII1Ch CaMI1 aHrJIW!aHe. C 1907 r. 11x Q:lJIOT nonoJIHHJIH TPI1 JI11Hr<opa nma «5eJIJiepo¢oH» BO,ll,OI13MerrreHI1eM no 18000 T C TaKI1M )Ke pacnOJIO)KeHHeM 6aweH r.naBI-Ioro KaJIH6pa, Ho H3-3a no-
.HBJieJrH.H KpynHbiX 3CMI1HUeB KaJI116p npe,ll,Ha3Ha'IeHHbiX ,ll,Jl5I 6oph6bi C HI1MH nyweK yBeJIWJHJLH ,ZJ,o 102 MM. Ha no-
5IBI1BIIII1XC.H B 1908-1910 rr. KOpa6JI.HX Tl1na <<HcruyJi>> BO,ZJ,OI13Merrrem-reM no 20500 T 6aw1111 apT11JIJiep1111 rJiaBHOfO Ka-
JIH6pa nocraBHJIH B HOCOBOH 'IaCTII, ,ZJ,Be y 6opTOB H CTOJlbKO )Ke B KOpMe, npH 3TOM npe,ll,IIOCJ
ie,ZJ,J-I5!5I 6hiJia BbiWe KOpMOBOH. O,ZJ,HaKO BeCTH oroi-Ih Bnepe,ZJ, H Ha3a,ZJ, Mor-
JIH TOJlhKO TpH, a Ha 6opT∙ YeTb!pe, O,ZJ,Ha-
,ZJ,Be ocTaBaJIHCh 6e3pa6on-rhiMH. Ho TOr,ZJ,a CYHTaJIH, LfTO 3CKa,ll,pbl CTaJ-IYT Cpa)KaTbC51 KaK BO BpeMerra [HeJihCOI-Ia, BbiCTp011B-
IlJI1Cb B napaJIJieJihHhie KHJlhBaTepHbie KOJIOI-IHhL Tio3TOMY Ha nocrpoeHI-IhiX B 1910-1912 rr. Jli1HKOpax Tl1nOB <<0pHOH>> 11 «K111-1r ,ll)!(Op,ll,)K V >> 6aWHI1 C opy,ll,I151MH KaJI116pOM 343 MM nOCTaBI1Jll1 nO npO-
,ll,OJlhHOH nJIOCKOCTH, no ,ZJ,Be B I-IOCY H KOp-
Me H O,ZJ,HY Me)K,ll,y 1-la,Zl,CTpOHKaMH, 16 npo-
THBOMHHOHOCHbiX nyrneK KaJIH6pOM 100 MM paCIIOJIO)KHJIH B Ha,ll,CTpOHKe. <DpaHUY3bl B 1911-1912 rr. fiOCTpOHJIH 'IeThrpe ,ll,pe,ZJ,J-IOYra THna «)KaH 5ap Kyp-
6e» BO,ll,OH3MeU.[eHHeM flO 28000 T. ,llBe-
Ha,ZJ,UaTbHX305-MM opy,ll,HM6btJIHB weCTI1 6aiiiH51X, no ,ZJ,Be C rrpeBbiWeHHeM B HOCy 11 KOpMe 11 CTOJihKO )Key 6opTOB. Tp11 r<apa6-
JI5I nma <<5peTaHb>> OCHaCTHJIH ,ZJ,eC51ThiO opy,ll,H51MI1 KaJI116pOM 340 MM B 6aiiiH51X, pacCTaBJieHHbiX KaK Ha «0pHOHe», 3aTO Cpe,ll,H5151 apT11JIJiepH51 COCT051Jla 113 24 138-MM nyweK, a MaJIOKaJIH6epHa51 113 Y.e-
Tbipex 47 -MM. 5biJIO I-Ia HHX 11. YeTblpe TOp-
ne,ZJ,HbiX arrrrapaTa. Ha HaY.aThiX B 1913 r. 'IeThrpex JIHHKOpax THfla «HOpMaH,ZJ,H.H» BO,ZJ,OH3Mell(eHHeM no 25400 T no LJeThrpe opy,ll,l151 r.naBHOrO KaJIH6pa yCTaHOBI1Jll1 B Tpex 6awH51X. Boiim 3a,ZJ,ep)KaJia 11x noCT-
poiir<y, 3a HCKJIIO'IeHI1eM «5eapHa», noc.ne J-Iee rrpeBparrreHHoro B aBI1aHoceu. Ha r-reMerrKHx JII1Hr<opax Tl1na <<Haccay» ,ZJ,eC5JTh opy,ll,11H KaJIH6pOM 280 MM 6hiJII1 B HOCOBOH, KOpMOBOH 11 ZJ,Byx 6opTOBh!X 6aiiiH51X, a ll,l0)[(!1Ha 150-MM B Ka3eMaTax C 200-MM 6poHeH. B 1909-1910 rr. Ha Y.eThrpex «feJihro-
J
taiiZJ,ax» nepeiiiJIH Ha rJiaBHhiH KaJI116p 305 MM, Jla JIHHKOpax TI1IIa <<Kai13ep» 6auJHH pacCTaBHJIH KaK Ha aHrJII1HC-
KOM «HenTyHe>>, Ha <<Kem-Irax>> -
Kar< 11a «0pHOJ-re», a Ha r<opa6JI.HX THrra «5ai1epH>> Y.eThrpe 6awHH c opyll,H.HMH KaJIH6pOM 381 MM 6biJIH KaK Ha «KyHH 3JIH3a6eT». I1TaJib511-1Ubl K 1910 r. 063aBeJIHCh JlHHI<O-
paMl1 THfla <<,llaJ-rTe AJ!Hrhep11» C JII1HeH-
HbiM pacnOJIO)KeHI1eM apTCI1CTeM rJiaB-
1-iOfO KaJIH6pa 305 MM -
B HOCy 11 KOpMe 110 3-opyt!MHHOH, 3a HHMI1 2-opyll,HHHbie 11 B ueriTpe, r-ra r<a3eMaTe, c 20 120-MM nywr<aMI1, TO)Ke 3-opyll,HHHM. B 1911-
1912 rr. B CTpOH BBeJIH TpH JIHHKOpa THna «JleoHapD,o ZJ,a BHHYH» c 13 opy,ll,H51MH B nOZJ,06HO 110CTaBJieHJ-IhlX 6awi-I5IX. 1!1ropb 50ELJI!1H Pl-1c. Ml-1xal-1na AMI!1TPI!1EBA B 1905 r. npoer<THpOBIIIHI<H CiliA noZJ,ro-
TOBHJIH 'IepTe)KH JIHHI<OpOB <<MH'IHraH>> H <<CayT KapoJIHHa>> c mmefrHO-B03-
BhrweHHhiM pacnoJIO)KeHHeM '-leThrpex 6aiiieH C BOCeMhiO opyll,H5IMI1 I<aJIH6pOM 305 MM. KcTaTH, Tar< )Ke rroCTyrrHJIH B 1911 r. B ABCTpo-BempH11 c TpeM5I JIHH-
r<opaMHTHna «BHp116yc YHHTHC>>, TOJihKO npell,llOYJll1 3-opy,ZJ,H}IHble apTyCTaJ-IOBKH. Tar<a.H cxeMa CTaJia o61l[enpHH51Toi1. TipaBZJ,a, B 1910-1911 rr. 5lnomrhr 1-m nep-
BbiX Tipell,HOyTaX Tl11la «CeTTCY» 6aWH11 C ll,BYM51 305-MM opyll,H5JMH pa3MeCTHJIH B J-
IOCy, KOpMe l1 ZJ,Be y 6opTOB, HO Ha CJieZJ,y-
lOIIIHX JIHiii<Opax THfla «<Dyco» 11pHH51JlH JIHHeHHO-B03BhiiiieHI-IOe paCJ10JIO)KeH He, 3aOZJ,HO ll,OBell,51 I<aJIH6p ll,O 356 MM. B PoccHH B 1909 r. o6n5JBHJIH r<onr<ypc H3 npOeKT HOBOfO JII1HI<Opa, I<OTOpb!H BhiHrpaJI npoer<T 5aJITHHCI<OrO 3aBO-
ll,3. OH npeD,ycMaTpHBaJI r<opa6Jih c JIHHeHHhlM pacnOJIO)KeHHeM 'IeThipex 3-opyD,H}IJ-IblX 6aweH rJii:lBHOfO KaJIH6pa 305 MM H 16 120-MM npOTI1BOMHHOHOC-
HbiX nyweK B Ka3eMaTaX. ,llJI5I 5aJITHHC-
I<Oro Q:lJrOTa TTOCTp011JIH YeThipe JIHHKOpa THITa <<CeBaCTOITOJib>>, ll,Jl51 qepHOMOpC-
KOfO Tp11 THna <<I1MnepaTp11ua Map115l>>. B 1914-1918 rr. aHrJIHHCr<He 11 HeMeu-
KHe JII1HKOpbl BCTpeTHJII1Cb TOJihi<O B lOTJiaHZJ,CKOM Cpa)KeHHH B Mae 1916 r., pyCCI<He HeCI<OJihi<O pa3 06Me.HHBaJIHCh Bh!CTpeJiaMI1 C repMaHO-TypeUI<HM JIH-
He
HHblM Kpe:H:cepoM <<fe6eH>>. TIOTeph D,pell,llOYTOB B 6o51X He 6biJIO. B 30-e rr. D,peD,HOYThr MonepH H3Hpo-
BaJII1, YCHJI
HB MOIIIHOCTb ll,BH raTeJieH !1 6pOHI1pOBamre, BBeJIH J__[eJHpaJI1130-
BaHHOe ynpaBJiei-me apTonreM, nywKH cpeD,Hero I<aJIH6pa TTOMeCTI1JIH B 6alUHI1, BOOpy)KeHHe I10I10JIHI1JIH 3eJ-lHTKaM 11 KaJIH6pOM 37-47, a nOTOM 76-100 MM. Ha HOBbiX JIHHKopax npHif5IJII1 JIHHei1-
HO-B03Bhrwer-IJ-IOe pacnoJio)KeHHe 6aweH rJiaBHOfO I<aJI116pa, TOJlbKO Ha ll,Byx aH-
fJII1HCI<HX THITa <<HeJibCOI!» B HOCOBO}i '!aCTI1 ycTaHOBHJIH TPH 6amHH c TpeM51 406-MM opyll,I15IMH, a I-Ia ZJ,BYX Q:lpa11UY3-
CKI1X THna «,lliOI-Ir<epr<>> ll,Be C LfeTb1pbM51 330-MM nyiiir<aMH. B 1937 r. 5lfiOIIUbl Ha'-laJIH CTpOHTeJibCTBO Tpex cyrrepll,pell,-
1-!0yroB THna «5JMaTO» BOll,0113MeiiieHHeM no 57123 c neB51TbiO opyll,H5JMH rJiaBI-Ioro I<aJIH6pa 460 MM. • 6awHH rnaBHoro Kamt6pa 11 C 305-!t'M OPYAMHM~ 3HrnMMCKOrO nMHeMHOrO KOpa6nH «ApeAHOYT» (1906) M CXeMa nOA3'1M 6pOHe60MHbiX M wpanHenbHbiX CH3PHAOB: 1 -
KOJKyX CTBDna; 2 -KDn"aK Ha6mollaTenbHoro "ocra; 3 -
KaMopa CTBOna; 4-
3arsop; 5-
MeXaHH3Mbl ropH30HTanbHOH 10 HaBO/lKH; 6 -
"OPOXOBb/e 3apR/lbl B 3a6opHHKe 7-
KapMaH 3a60pHHKa; 8 -
6poHe60HHb/e CHapR/lbl; 9 -wpa"HenbHble cHapR/lbl; 10-MeXaHH3M "Oila'IH Bb/CTpena 11-
CTaHOK; 12-
11-/l/OHMOBaR 6pOHR 6aWHH 9 CJ>paHQY3CKMM nMHeMHbiM KOpa6nb «Kyp6e» 1913 r. BO/lOH3MeiJieHHe "OnHOe-25600 T. /lnHHa-
166 M. WHpHHa-
29,2 M. Oca11Ka-
8,8 M. MOIJIHDCTb ryp6HH-28000 n.c. CKopoCTb-20 y3nos. BoopyJKeHHe: rnaBHbiH KanH6p-12 X 305 MM, CPeRHHH-
22 X 138 MM DPYilHR, 4 X 47 "YWKH, 4 TOp"ellHb/X a""apaTa. 6pOHR: "ORC 270-180 MM, BepXHHH "ORC, 180 MM, "any6bi40 +50 MM, 6aWHH 320 MM, 6ap6eTbl270 MM, Ka3eMaTbl 180 MM, py6Ka 300 MM 3 6 4 5 ':"∙ 'leTblpe AHJI ,QeHl!IC 5V15V1K, Haw cnel.\KOP cporo asropa w B ropone HHHOB8QHH Onbra KanHHHHa 3KcnepHMeHranbHO 060CHOBana 3t/Jf/1eKTHBHOCTb HCnORb30BaHHR MHRHallHHa RJ1R 3alllHTbl neYeHH LJeTblpe .QHs:l Ha BBW o6Ll..lanii1Cb Te, KTO MO/'KeT pO/'K,QaTb 111,Qe111, 111 Te, KTO yMeeT 3TII1 111,qe111 npeTsops:~Tb s /'KII13Hb. Wn111 ,qe6aTbl 111 Kpyrnble CTOnbl, nocBs:!Ll..\8HHble no,q,qep/'KKe 111HHOBa~II10HHbiX npoeKTOB MOnO,Q8/'KII1, nO,QrOTOBKe 111 Tpy,qoycTpO Ill CTBY 111 H/'Ke He p HO-
TeXH 1114 ec KII1X Ka,QpOB. ABTOpbl 111,Qell! 111 pa3pa60TOK B o6naCTII1 Me.QII1~111Hbl, 8Konor111111, cenbcKoro xo3s:~lllcTBa, cTpOII1TenbCTBa,TpaHcnopTa, pa.QII103neKTPOHII1KII1 nposen111 neperosopbl c noTeH~II1anbHbiMII1 111HBeCTOpaMII1, Be.QYLl..\111MII1 3KCnepTaMII1, y48HbiMII1, npe,qcTaBII1Tens:~MII1 61113Heca 111 snaCTII1. CTyLJ,eHThi ,llarecTaHCKoro YHI1Bepot-
TeTa rrpOLI,CMOHCTp11pOBaJII1 BCTpOBYIO :mepreTW!CCKYIO yCTaHOBKY <<KacKaLJ,>> Ll,JIH IIOJIY'-!CHM.H 3Hepr1111, o6eCIIC'-!11-
BaiOIIJ,CH 3JICKTpH'-ICCTBOM HC60Jibiiii1C IIOCCJIKI1, cpepMepCKI1C X035IHCTBa 11JII1 3
KcrreLJ,11U1111. A eiiJ,e YHI1KaJibHhre Tex-
HOJIOrl111 l10JlYYCHI15I IIaH0110pOIIIKa 11 6110Jl0fi1YCCKI1 aKTI1BHbiX LJ,06aBOK 113 CCM.H H JlbHa. 18 B11xpeTOKOBbiH LJ,ecpeKTOCKOn <<30HL\!>, pa3pa6oTaHHbl i1 TpeTbeKypcH HKaM11 113 MocKoncr<oro rocyLJ,apcTBCHHoro YHI1Bepc11TeTa np116opoCTpoeHI15I 11 11HcpOpMaT11K11, BbiHBJlHCT TpCIIJ,I1Hbi 11 KOpp0311IO B pa3Jli1'-!HbiX 06nCKTaX 113 MafHI1THbiX 11 HCMafHI1THbiX CTaJICH, UBCTHbiX, TYfOl1JiaBKI1X MCTaJIJIOB 11 cnJranon. OnpeLJ,eJI51eT ory6HHhi Bhi5IB-
Ji
eHHhrx TperuHH, Bbi.HBJr.HeT LJ,ecpeKTbl 3K30CKeneT «H3 6YRYlllero B HaCTORlllee» Bne'"laTneHIIIe y'"laCTHIIIKa <<Bo BpCI\15! Bb!CTaBKII sec BpCM5I YTO-TO npoucxOLJ,IIJJO: TO i\lacrcp-rwacchr, TO KOHKypcbt, TO Harpa)]{Ll,CHliC II06CLJ,I1TCJ1Ci"l II 1lp113Cp0B y}[(C rrpOIIICLI,IIUIX KOII KypcoB. Cno6oLJ,IIhrii rpopMaT 06IIJ,CliWl C03LJ,aBaJI IICIIOBT0p11i\JOC Oll~YIIIClllfC BOBJieLJCIII!OCTII B KaJ<O}!-TO o6IIJ,JJii Ll,Jl.H BCCJi tlbiCTaBKI1 rrpoqeCC Ll,BIL)]{CIIII5!. HaH6oJihiiiHi1HHTepec Bbl3bltla:llt JlBIIMYlli)ICC.H MaKCT bl: p060Tbi, MaKCTbi BC3Ll,CXO,ll,OB, 6eCflii.TIOTIIIlKil. ITpaB;la, B 6onhiiii1HCTBe CBOeM 3TO 6bULH CTCJl,ll,bJ npeL\CTannTeJierr BY3oB c xopoumM cptiHaiiC11j)OBaHliCM (B OCJlOBllO,\l MOCKOBCK11C)>>. npoeKT ReiiCTBYIOllleii MORenH Bb/COKOCKOpOCTHOrO naccaJKHpCKOrO 3ReKTpOB03a rexH••a-t.tonoAe"'" 11 #93711 oKTR6pb 2011 • !':∙ 5I nopa3J!.liC51, ll3CKOJ1bKO j)33li006pa3HbiMH 6btJIII Ilj)C)l,CT3BJlCHHblC 113 BbiCTaBKC pa60TbJ OT .1CTCKJtx po6oTOB 113 Lcgo (11paaAa C ~lliKJ1011p01(CCCOpawt) /(0 llj)OCKTOB ::liiCprentLfCCKIIX yCTaJtOBOK. He BCC CTCHll,bi 6.111CTamt KaYCCTBOM 11 1111cp0p~l3TIIBHOCTbiO. c YYCTO~I TOW, 113CKO.lbKO CTj)Ofllll 6blJl KOliKypc ;1,.'151 YY3CTII51, 3TO Bbl3blB3.10 l!CKOTOj)OC IIC/~Oy~tCJHIC. HoB uc.l0,\1 oprallll33t(ll51 6bJJ1a 11a Bh!COh:O~t ypo1311C. CIJopMyna 3neKTporH6pHR MA/llf HOfO 3JICMCHTa rt03BOJI51CT )l,OBCCTYI Ilj)Cll,CJI L!YBCTB11TCJibHOCTl1 L\0 ypoBtUI, 11 TCL!11 B OTBCTCTBCHHb!X Y3JJ3X rpy30-COIIOCT3BHMOro C 6110JJOfWJCCKOH 060-
IlOll,bCMH biX M311111H. Ero rnaaua51 oco6eHHOCTh -
BhiCOKa51 L!YBCTBHTCJ!bHOCTb 11 BbUIBJICHHe )l,C-
cpeKTOB B CJIOJKHbiX ycJJOBH51X. fip11-
MCH51CTC51 B UCJ151X 6e30rtaCHOCTI1 11 KOHTj)OJI51 j)33H006pa3HbiX o6∙neKTOB, a 6JJaf0)1,3j)51 Hl13KHM MHH11MaJlbllbiM pa3-
MCj)3M Bbl51BJI51CM bl X Tj)CJUHH, pa60T3CT C JJI06biMl1 06bCKT3MH, ll,JI51 KOTOj)biX Ilj)l1MCH11M MCTO)l. BHXj)CBbiX TOKOB. MoJJOAhJe cp113HKH 113 CapaTOBCKoro TCXHHYCCKOro YHHBCpCHTCTa C03ll,a-
JIH yCTpoi:fcTBO THna <<3JJeKTj)OHHnr:H: HOCi>. OH npet~cTaBJJ5leT co6o:H: ra3o-
aHaJJHTI1YecKoe yCTpo:i:fcTBO Ha ocHo-
ae MCT3JIJIOOKCHll,HbiX H3HOBOJJOKOH 11 HCMj)OCCTCBbiX aJJfOj)11TMOB paCrt03-
H3B3Hl151 o6pa30B. I1.t~CHTHcpHUHj)yCT f330BbiC CMCCH l1 3artaXH B j)CaJJbHOM Bj)CMCHH. l.JyBCTBMTCJlbHblM 3JJCMCHT .ll3TL!HK3 pa3pa6oTaH rtO TCXHOJ!Of11H MHKj)03JICKTj)OH HOfO rtp0113B0ll,CTB3, Il03TOMY CT011MOCTb MYJJbTHCCHCOj)HOM CMCTCMbl H3MH0f0 HHJKC CTOHMOCT11 3HaJJOrOB. I1.CrtOJib30B3HHC OKCHll,HbiX H51TCJ!bHOH CI1CTCMOM L!CJIOBCKa. f21,e 6yneT noJib30BaTnC51 cnpocoM rrpH-
6op? B ITHJUeBo:i:f, cpapMaueBTwiecKoi1, napqHOMCj)HOH 0Tj)3CJI51X I1pOMbiii1-
JlCHHOCTH, B CHCTCM3X 6e30II3CHOCTH 11 MOHHTOj)HHra OKpyJKaiOJUCH CpC)l.bL C llOMOIUbiO <<3JJCKTj)OHHOf0 HOC3>>, Ha-
ITj)HMep, MOJKHO C <<H3HOT01.£HOCTbiO>> onpell,eJJHTh npHro)l,eH AJJ51 ynOTpe6JJe-
HH51 HJJH HCT M51CHOM cpaput; <<rtOLfyB-
CTBOBaTh>> yTeLf KY 6brroaoro ra3a HJtH MCT3H3 B yrJICL\06btBatOIL(CH LUaXTC 11, TCM C3MbiM, llj)C)l,OTBpaTHTb KaTacrpocpy. He o6o:H:nich 6e3 TaKoro noMOJUHHKa 11p11 ero XOj)OUlCH «Tj)CllHj)OBKCi> ,'lJl51 Oll-
j)C/l.CJJCHH5l TOHL!3HIIIHX lll03HCOB HOBOfO napcpiOMa l1 KOCMCTHKH. illHpOKO BOC-
Tpe60B3HHOH pa3pa60TKa MQ)[\CT 6niTb )l.JI5I XHMH1.£CCI\OH H cpapMaueBTHL!CCKOH Ilj)OMbiiilJICHHOCTM, fCOJ!OfHH l1 MHOfOfO npyroro, BCll,b np1160p C CfO L!YBCTBH-
TCJ!bHOCTblO MO)[(CT llj)l1CflOCa6JIHBaTbC5I K yCJJOBH51M OKpy)[(a!Oll(CM Cj)C)l.bl. fiOHCKOM 11 BHC,'lj)CHHCM BO Bj)3LfC6t∙tyto npaKTMKY )l.OCTYITHb!X 11 6e30fl3CHblX MHHH-Be3ReXOR-aMt/JH6HR «3y6peHOK-2». flpeRCTaBneH TeXHOROfH'IeCKHM ' KDnneRJKeM Ng43 KHX nopa:IKCI∙IHH IICL!CHH, CB5I33HHbiX C no60l.£HbiM ll,CHCTBHCM npOTY!BOOIIy-
XOJlCBbiX rtpenapaTOB, OCJJOJKJI5110-
IJ~l1M Tepan 1110 onyxoJJei1, 33HHMaeTC51 O.KaJJMHHHa 113 OpeH6yprcrwi1 MC)l.H-
UHHCr<oi1 ar<aneMHM. Cpenvr renaTonpo-
Ter<Topoa, CL!HT3CT yL!eJ∙I bJ}i, BHHM3HH5I 33CJJYJKHB3IOT BCll~CCTBa pacnneJinHOfO Ilj)OI1CXOJK)l,CHI15I -
Tj)HTCj)I1CHOMll,bi H, B L!3CTHOCTH, MHJIH3UHH ( cpHTOCTCj)OJI ), Bblll,CJICHHbiH 113 npOC5!1!0fO MaCJia. -
Mni 3KCnepnMeHTaJJnHO o6ocHoBaJJH l1Cil0Jlb30B3HHC MHJIH3UHH3 )l.JI51 331UH-
H3HOBOJJOKOH B K31.£CCTBC l13MCj)11TCJ!b-cpe,'lCTB ll,JI5I I<Oj)j)CKUHH TOKCWICC-
Thl fTCLfCHH OT TOKCH1.£CCK0f0 110Bj)C)I{-
111<1"'"'1 XeMopeJHCTOP XeMOTpaHJHcTop fa30aHanHTH'IeCKHH npH60p, C03RaHHbiH Ha OCHOBe MeTannOOKCHRHbiX HaHOBOROKOH, HReHTHt/IHI.lHpyeT ra30Bbte CMeCH B peanbHOM BpeMeHH www.technicamolodezhi.ru > ll,CHI15I, Bbi3B3J-IH0[0 MCT0Tj)CKC3TOM -
npenapaTOM ,'lJ15l JJCYCHI15I 60JJbHbiX OHKOH3TOJ!OfHCH, j)CBM3TOl1)l.HblM ap-
Tj)HTOM, ncopna30M, -paccKa3bt saeT OJJnra. -
MnJJMaunrr yMeHn~aeT KJIC-
TOL!Hnre noape)[(ll,CHI15I n cTMMYJJHpyeT BOCCT3HOBJICHHC TIC1.£ei∙lOLJJ∙JOM TK3Hl1, CJII1)[(3CT OTj)I1U3TCJ!bHbiC IIOCJIC)l,CTBH51 XHMHOTCj)3Hl111 H HOBbiii13CT 3cpcper<-
THBHOCTb flj)OBOll,HMOH TepanHH. LJ∙ro6nr Ilj)OCKT «0praHOilj)OTCKTOj)>> 3apa60TaJJ, rryJKrrnr HHBCCTl1UHl1 B pa3-
Mepe 2 MJIH. py6JJCH,-fOBOj)HT 0Jtbra KaJIMHHHa. E-mail: olgakalina78@mail.ru TM 19 cMenbre nmore3bl Po•aiiHHble ConHQeM AneKcaH,D,P CYMEiATOB, H3Y'iHblli1 COTPYAH~K <1>~ 3~ KO-X~M ~'i8CKOrO ~HCT~TyTa ~M. n.5l Kapnosa HOBble OTKpbiTL-15=1 Ha6ni0,[\8TenbHOIIi aCTpOHOMII1111 npii1BO,[\s:IT K He06X0,[\111MOCTII1 nepeCMOTpeTb yCTOs:!BWII1eCs:r npe,[\CTaBneHII15=1 0 «:>KII13He,[\es:ITenbHOCTII1» 3Be3,[\Ho-nnaHeTHbiX CII1CTeM. H111:>+<e Ha np111Mepe ConH~a Mbl o6ocHOBbrsaeM e,[\111Hbllll MexaHII13M nos:rsneHII1s:r scex Ten s 3TII1X CII1CTeMax s TYP6yneHTHbiX BII1Xps:!X-OT nblneBbiX '-18CTII1~ ,[\0 nnaHeT-rll1r8HTOB. 3TII1 npe,[\CTasneHII15=1 n03BOns:IIOT nO-HOBOMY OTBeTII1Tb Ha BOnpoc 0 TOM, '-ITO T8KOe nnaHeTa, 111 B3rns:IHYTb Ha nOII1CKII1 :>KII13HII1 s6nll13111 ,[\pyrii1X 3Be3,[\. B npOWJIOM HOMepe Mbl p3CCMOT-
peJU! HeKOTOpble BblBOLJ,bJ, CJie-
llYIOW,IIe 113 TeOpl111 I10p0)f{LJ,el!H5! 3K3011JI311eT IIX M3TepHHCKl1MH 3BC3LJ,3-
MII. 3TO COBepweHHO HOBblH .llOLJ,XOL\ K 3BC3LJ,IIO-IlJI311eTHbii\I KOMnJieKC3M K3K K et[llllbll\1, 06MeHIIB3IOW,I1MC5! BeW,CCT-
BOM II 311epfllelt, OTKpblTbiM cp11311'JeC-
KIIM CIICTeM3M, B KOTOpblX npOHCXOL\IIT CTPYKTyp11pOB3Hire M3Tept~~l. 011 no3-
BOJIItJI 06b5!CIIHTb 11 npeL!,CK333Tb p5!t[ 1136JIIOLJ,3CMbiX 33KOHOMepHOCTeil, KO-
TOpbte He BllHCb!B3IOTC5! B p3MKH 11pH-
1151TbiX TCOpll H o6p330B3HH5! 11JI3J leT. CorJI3CIIO er.1y, nJI3HeThr 33pO)f{LJ,3IOTC.H B BOL!,OpOL!,HOii cpeLJ,e BHeWHHX CJ!OCB 3B
C3LJ, B BIILJ,e B11XpeH-3HTIIUHKJIOl!OB, B KOTOpbiX npOIICXOLJ,I!T llOCJieLJ,OB3-
TCJlbll bllf 51L!,epllblf'I CHHTe3 BCC 60JICe T51)f{CJibiX ::JJieMeHTOB, npHBOL\.HW,¥1 i1 K o6p330B3HIIJO M3CCI1BHblX, CJIOHCTb!X 110 rtJIOTIIOCTI1 11 XHMI1'IeCKOMY COC!"3BY I TBCpL\biX nJt3HentbiX TeJI. -----r20 Jlorwmo 6hiJJO 6hr LJ,eTaJI bllO l13Ylf3Tb 3TH33KOHOMepHOCTH 1 t3 11 p 11M epe Comr-
113. TpyL!,HOCTb, OLJ,Il3KO, COCTOHT B TOM, '!TO B HCTOpll'!ecKoe speM.H Com-rue He J-13X01[HJIOCb H lie H aXOL\~ITC.H 1-13 CTaLJ,HH 3KHIBHOrO <<11p0113BOJ[CTB3>> Kpyrll-!b!X nJI31-1CTHbiX TeJI. l1Mellll0 3TO L\0 CHX nop He no3BOJI51Jto 3CTpouoM3M ysH-
,ll,CTb npOCTOJI MCX311113M o6p330BaHH5! ero OKpy)f{eHH5l. J1 J!Hlllb COBpeMellllbJe TeXIHilfeCI(He J[OCTH)f{Cmi.H H OCBOeHHe 6JIH)[Olero 11 t!3JI biiCrO KOCMOCa 33CT3-
BHJI 11 HCCJietLOBaTeJiej;'l OC03H3Tb Henpe-
pblBI-IOCTb II rp311,11,1103110CTb Cro rtOCT0-
5!HHbiX 113MeHeHHJI. CoJIHelfHa51 CHCTeM3 c ,ll,CB.HTbiO rtJI3HC-
TaMH cytl[eCTByeT lleCKOJibKO MIIJ!JIH-
3ptJOB JieT. To ecTb B cpetiHeM nJmlleTbt p0)f{tl310TC5! p33 B llOJIMIIJIJII!3pL\3 JieT. Cero,ll,H.H npouecCbl 3t1cproBbJ,ll,eJieHH5! H3 CoJIHUC H/LYT B ropa3tiO MCHbWeM MaCUJTa6c, LleM 3TO 11p0HCXOJ[HJIO npH pO)f{LJ,CHHH em IIJI311CT. Ho pacno3-
J!aTb 3TH npOUeCCbi MO)f{JJO -KaK 11p.H-
Mb!M ua6JHOACHHeM, TaK H KocseuubtM cpaBHeH~ICM xapaKTepHCTHK p33JI!ILI-
J-Ib1X o6"bCKTOB CoJI!Ielfi!Oi:i cncTCl\Jbt. Tionpo6yeM ::JTO c1[eJI3Tb. nSITH~CTble nSITHa H3~16oJiee 33Menlble KOM113KTHble o6b-
CKTbJ H3 CoJu tue-::JTO ero n.Hn t3 (p11c. 1 ). Bt~llHMa.H nosepxHOCTb cseTIIJia, cro cj:JOToccj:Jcpa, rp3HYJIHpOB3H3 5!LJci1K3-
MH B COTI II~ KHJIOMeTpOB ,11,113MeTpOM. Ha 11X-TO cj:Jollc B nepHO,ll,ht coJliiC'!Jtoii 3KTHBI!OCTH 113 lUI1pOT3X LJ,b llOJIYCOTIIII rpa.!lycos 11 rt05!BJI5!IOTC5! TCMII biC o6JI3C-
TH H3 nop51L\OK-AB3 6oJihmero pa 3 ~1ep3. fJJy6Hila 3THX H51Tell 06bllfll0 1\ICII.bUIC HX Ul~lpHIIbl II COCT3BJI5!eT 11p11l\1ep110 n3py TbiCWJ r<HJJOMeTpos. BoKpyr 1151-
TeH l!a6JIIOJ[aiOTC5! pCrHOHbi llOBbiWeii-
HOH 51pKocnl, KOTOpbiC l1HOr,ll,3 MoryT Cyl!leCTBOB3Tb H 6e3 ll51TeH. TI5!TH3 n cp iiO t!~ llf ecKH pmK,ll,aiOTC51 H, ABI1ra.Hcb no nosepxHOCTH CoJIHt[a rexH•Ka-MonoAe"'" II #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 RpKOCTM BOKpyr MMX BHYJPBHHMB 06naCTII DRTBH KllKYJCR 'li!pHbiMII 06naCTII DOBbiWBHHOM RpKOCTM 683 DRTBH PHC. 1. ConHeYHb/e nRTHa COCTORT H3 BHyrpeHHHX TiiMHb/X 06nacreH C nOHHJKeHHOH TeMneparypoif H BHeUJHHX-
C nOBbiUJeHHOH. nocneRHHe Moryr cyiJ.lecrsosar~> H caMH no ce6e K cro 3KBaTopy, pacrranaiOTCH 11a 6o-
ncc MCJIKIIC. LfiiCJlO TIOCJie)llll!X o6paT-
HO nponopqt!OIIaJibHO 11X pa3Mepy, TO CCTb ll0i'1,41111HeTC51 CTerreHHOMY 3aKOIIY. /K11311 b MeJI KIIX TI51TeH KOpO'-Ie Kpym I biX, KOTOpblC MOryr npocywecTBOBaTb MilO-
file !leCHTIOI 1\I!Cll -BpeM51 !leCKOJI bKIIX o6opoTOB CoJJIIL(a BOKpyr csoei1 OCJI. 0AllliM 113 K.nJOLJeBbiX MeTO/lOB lt3y4e-
IIIIH JUITeH cTana ceikMHKa CoJJJILla, ll03BOJI5110llla5! BOCCTaHOBHTb llOJIC CKO-
pOCTetJ aKyCT114eCK11X BOJIII, reHepHpye-
MbiX Typ6yJieHTIIbJM )lBH)!(eHJ1eM llJia3-
Mbl BO BIICIJIIII1X KOHBeKTHBJ-!biX CJI051X 3Be3i'1,bl. 3TJI llOCTOHHHbie He60JJbiJIHC COJIIII\CTp51CCIII!51 ,D,a!OT B03MO)!(!IOCTb Bbi51BI!Tb CTpOeHJie COJIHe4HbiX TI51Tell. I10ll!lll~lalOWIICC51 K l10BepXHOCTII CO CKOpOCTbiO 6oJiee TbiC51411 KIIJIOMCTpOB B c1ac nHTHa OKa3aJtJJCb BJJO)!(CJitlblMIJ !lpyr B !lpyra TOp011i'1,aJibHb!MI1 BI!Xp51~HI. 3TJIM asryCTOM ll051BHJIOCb C00611(CIIHC o TOM, LJTO aMcptlKaHCKttM ycJet-JblM Ylla-
JIOCb ,li,CTeKnlpOBaTb 11X 3apO)!(l(CIIHe 11a rny61111C OKOJIO 1'\CCHTOlf pa)lHyca CBeTH-
www.technicamolodezhi.ru Jla II I!X BCIIJiblBaiiiiC K llOBepX!!OCTI1 B Tecremte OLIIIOf0-1\BYX 1\lleil. I1p11 3TOM MCJIKI1C IIHTHa ,li,BH)!(YTOI Mei'1,Jiei!Hee KPYill lbiX. BHyTpCHHHC o6naCTI1 ttHTCIJ Ka)!(yTcH c1cpt tbl Mil, 'ITO o6u_(en p111151TO o6Mrc-
1151Tb HX IIOl!H)!(eJ II!OI~I TCMrtepaTypoi;\. I1pH )leTaJibHOM 113YLJCIIII H B l151THaX 06Hapy)!(HBaiOTCH MCJIKHC CBCTJlble TOLJ [(11, 11110r,D,a llOJIOCbl. flpel\CTaBJieiHie 0 rtOHH)!(eJ-!1 10!1 TCM ncpaTypc, Oi'1,11aKO, He COOTBeTCTByeT TOMy, LfTO J-laJI60JJee HarpeThie J"--aCTKI! B COJIIIC4110rl aTMOC-
cj:Jcpe 06bi'-IHO llaXOl\51TC51 Hal\ ll51TllaM 11. B6JIH311 1111x Ha6JJIOLialOTC51 Bbt6pochi MaCChi B KopoHy CoJitttla, a TaK)!(e nocJTI1 BCC XpOMOCcj:JepHble BcrtbiiJIKI1, a51pt<He-
scc. OcneTc>I rrpeL11lOJIO)!(I1Tb cj:Ja30Bbti1 rtCpCXOA, pe3KOC 311CprOBbiL(CJJCI !HC B 11
51TIIe rtp11 HepCXO,li,C B an10Ccj)Cpy. J--I3-
IIa4aJibHO BpaU.(aiOLU11CC51 CO CKOpOCTbiO !!Op511'\Ka 3eMIIOII BCI!JlbtBaiOII[IIC 1151TI-ta cnoco6Hbt nepe,D,aTb 3tlcpnltO B COTIIH MHJIJII!api'1,0B >Il\epllbiX 6oM6 B rOp>I4YlO xpoMoccj:Jepy 11 KopoHy CoJtJtua. 06LUe11pHH51TOe npez(CTaBJieHHe CO-
CTOHT B TOM, LJTO 1151Ttta-3TO o6JiaCTI1 3aManiH'-IeHHOM 3BC3!!110i'J I!Jla3Mbl C llO,ll,aBJieHHbll\1 TellJIOBbiM L(BH)!(CHHeM. cMellble nmoreJbl PHC. 2. Macwra6Hb1H KOpOHanbHbiH Bbl6poc MaCChi, OT/leflbHble synKaHOH/lbl H naRaiOUlaR Ha cserHno KOMera (cnpasa Ha KpaiO) 0L1HaKo cytuccTsyroT pa6oThi, C'!IrTaJo-
WJ1C CY!Jlbl lble MafHHTHbie llOJIH CJJeAC-
TBHCM, a He llpH'!HHOt! o6pa30Bal!ll51 rt51TCIL B HHX nHTHa MOL1eJJHPYKHC51 an-
T11Lli1KJJOIIWieCKI1MH TecJeJJH51MH Typ6y-
JJeHTHOi1 KOI!BCKTHBHOi{30Hbl 3Be3L1bl. n11aHeTbl KaK Typ6y11eHTHOCTb BcH tiOBcpxi JOCTb Conm1:a npCL1CTaB-
JJ51eT co6oi:f ri0J(061IC CJI051 Klll1.HWCtt )!(HI'\KOCTJI. 011a JIOKpbna MarHHTHbiM KOBpOM, BOpCOM KOTOporo 51BJI5110TC.H CHJibi!O llCpenJJeTCHI!bie Mafl-lllTII biC CHJIOBble JIHHIIII. ,/lJI51 rrpOCTOTbl IIX MO)!(HO npe,D,CTaBJ!.HTb ce6e KaK ynpynJC BeTB.HWHeC.H, ~IHOfLia 3at<py'!JIBaiOWIIC-
C.H B KOMKH pC3HI!OBbte IIHTH, KOTOpbre MoryT H psaTbC51. B 3Toj;'J MO!lCJIJ 1 aKTJI B-
HOCTb B aTMOCcj:Jcpe lla,ll, II.HTHaMH.-3TO BbJ,ll,eJJeHHe 3HCpfHH Marl! HTHbiX 11011ei"J B KOpOHC 3a C'!CT pa3BepTbiBaHII5! CKpy-
'!ellllblX Mafl-IHTHbiX JIHHHH. ITo MexaJJJJ3MaM, llpC,li,J lO)KeHHbl~t eu1c COBeTCKHMH 11CCJiel\OBaTeJJ5IMH, !IX L[II-
HaMHKa r!p!!BOL111T K BCrtb!WKaM, Bbl6po-
caM MaCChi, apKal\aM, CKpy'-IeHI!biM IICT-
JI5IM caMbtX pa3JtbiX Macwn6os (p11c. 2). Bo3HHKJtOBeHHe <<KOMKOB HHTej;'r>>, TO eCTb BbiCOintX KOill(ei!TpaqHtr TOKa, TO-
KOBbiX CJIOCB B OKpeCTJ!OCT51:li BCTpCLIJI TipOTi'l BOHanpaBJICIII!biX Mafiii!THbiX JlllllHM, TO CCTb TOLf KaX HX nepeCOCJliii!C-
HH5!, II llOCJICllYIOUJ.CC pa3pywe1111e 3TIIX CJIOCB Be,li,CT K Bbl/(eJieHHIO CB060}li!OJ1 3Hepr1111 Marti HTHOfO IIOJ!>I B BilLie BC[] bi-
WeK. /Kecnme ~1 3J tyLfeHH5! HeKOTOpbiX H3 HHX CBVIl\CTCJibCI'BYIOT 06 HllYW11X B HHX .H,D,eptibiX peaKUH51X. YcraHOBJICIIO HitTcpecHoe cBoi1cTBO JJC-
papxHtl npOL(CCCOB COJIHe'-IJ!OfO 3HCprO-
21 i ':∙ cMellble nmore3bl PHc. 3. nocneROBarenbHOCTb o6pa3oBaHHR scnbtUJeK Ha ConHlle H KopoHan~>Hbtx Bbt6pOCOB MaCChi B pe3fRbTaTe BCnRbtBaHHR Bpa/lla/0/llHXCR CORHe'IHb/X nRTeH Bbl,lleJieHJUI. MacwTa6 11x npocTHpaeT-
C5! OT pe,llKHX II rpoMa,llHblX BCn bl UJeK ,llO YaCTblX 11 MCJIKIIX, KOTOpbiC 11a ,lleB5!Tb nOp5!,llKOB CJ1a6ee H HMeiOT BHt( 5!pKHX peHTreHOBCK11X TOY.eK BO BlleUJHe CIIO-
KOj;'!HblX o6JiaCT51X. Bee BCflbiWKH HMe-
IOT 06W.He CBOliCTBa, 'iTO Bb1paJKaeTC5! CreneHI-IbiM 3aKOIIOM 3aBJ1CHMOCTH HX Y HCJla OT 11HTCIICHBHOCTH. IIo3TOMY coJI-
IICLIIIYIO aTMoccpepy t~,O caMbiX MaJibiX MaCWTa60B MO:>KllO paCCMaTpllBaTb KaK CIICTeMy C pa3BilTOi1 Typ6yJleiiTIIOCTb!O. B 11ei1 npoHCXO,llHT nepeKaY.Ka 3I-IeprHH MC:>Kt~,y pa31IOMaCUJTa611biMH npOU,eC-
CaMH. chOT BbltJ,aiOU1HHC5l pC3YJlbTaT nOKOJie6aJJ npet~,CTaBJlellH5! yYellbJX 0 cnoKoruwM CoJIHI!e, KOTopoMy paHbrne npHn HCbl BaJ111 OTCYTCTBHC HeTenJIOBblX n pou.eccos. J13 CKa3allll0f0 Bblllie OYCBJ1t(HO, YTO COJli-IeYilbJe fi5!TJla 5!BJJ5!10TC5! HCTOY-
HI1KOM BCei'J 311epreTI1lfCCKOi1 IIC110Y-
KII. cho 311aY.IIT, CHapyJKI1 COJIHU,a Mbl Ha6monacM rrpou.eccbJ pacnana IIX B11Xpei1, KOTOpble MOfJl H 6bl CTaTb nJiaHeTHbJM 11 3apot~,b iWaMH. IIporrecc )Ke o6pa30Ballll5! 11 nepBOIJaYaJibHOro s11xpesoro pocTa, onpet~,eJ151IOW.HHC5! llbiHCWII11M nOTOKOM 3Hepr11H Yepe3 KOHBeKTIIBIIYIO 30IIY CoJIHrra, CKpbiT non ero nosepxiiOCTbiO. IIpH yseJIHY.C-
IIHII 3TOfO flOTOI<a B03pacraeT Y.HCJIO H pa3Mcp coJlHCYIIbiX II5!TeH. To ecTb sec 60JibtUee Yl∙ICJlO 6oJiee KpyriJlb!X BHXpe-
BbiX o6pa30BallHH t~,06~1paeTC5! t(O no-
BepXHOCTI1. 22 KoMeTbl ~~tn~~t synKaHbl? C 3anyCKOM aMCpHKaHCKHX KOCMH-
LICCK11X anrrapaToB, lla6mot~,aiOU!HX OA-
IlOBpeMeHHO BCIO COJIHelliiYTO fiOBepx-
I-IOCTb, IT051BHJ1HCb H306paJKell 1151 npH-
JleraiOW.HX K HeM o6JiaCTei1 B ll,eC51TOK pa)J:Jiycos 3Be3t!bl. Anrrapa-raM~I SOHO 11 STEREO H3YlleHbi caMhre MOIL!Hbte 11p05!BJieHM51 ee aKTHBHOCTYI -
KOpO-
JiaJ!bllbie Bb16pOCbl MaCChi. 0Ka3aJTOCb, LITO Y.aUJe BCero OIIH HMCIOT cpOpMy CKpy-
LJellllb!X Bb!T5!11YTb!X rreTeJTb (pHC. 3). ITo o6menpH 1151TOMY MHCitH 10, Bbi6po-
Cbl CB5!3aHbl C 11p0pb1BOM B COJilleYHYIO KOpOIIY BCfiJI bl BaiOLU,ero MarmiTIIOro riOTOI<a, BMCCTe C KOTOpblM llB11JKeTC51 11 rllla3Ma (eM. BbJwe). CsoHCTBa KOpOIIaJibi-IbiX Bb16pocos yll,HBI1TeJibllbl. IIot~,Yac 01111 co6Hpa-
IOTC5! B OI<pyrJlble HJTH llpOJIOJlroBa-
Tble BpamaiOW.HeC5! 06beKTbl (pHC. 4). J1x neTJlH MOryT pacnat~,aTbC 5 1 lla OtJ,M-
IIaKOBble wapoo6pa3HbiC cpparMeHTbl, KOTOpble H IIOr t~,a llati,aiOT lla3a)( Ha CBC-
THJIO. B11yTp11 Bb16pocos o61lapy:>Kc-
llbl I-IC06biLIIIO OXJiaJKtJ,eHIIble 06JlaCTI1, n LJaCTHOCTM, no crreKTpaM npHCYTCTBy-
IOW.HX TaM HOHOB JKCJie3a. CcrOJlH5! s6JIH3H Comru.a HOCT051H-
"o OTKpbiBaiOT <lMaJJe!-lbi<He KOMe-
Tbl>>, npell,riOJlQ)KHTeJibHO COCT05!W.He 1130 Jlbt(OB C 11p11MCC5!MH (pHC. 2, 5, 6). J1x QLJeHb MHOfO, 01111 o6pa3y!OT CBOe-
o6pa3Hble IT051Ca, aHaJJOrHY Hble ri051Cy acrepOHllOB Me)K1!Y MapcoM H IOruue-
poM. cho BYJli<allOHJlbl, Ha3BaHHbiC TaK !10 HMe1111 rYtrlOTCTHY.eCKOH JlJlalleTbt, npHT5!:>KeHHeM KOTOpOi:'! paHbUie rlb!Ta-
Jl ~ICb o6b51CHI1Tb CMeUJeHMe ITCpH fCJlll5! MepKypH5!. I1 Ha cpoHe Com111a OHII MMCIOT TaKyiO )I(C 51pKOCTb, KaK 011. CYHTacTc5!, YTO syJTKaHOHD:bT n051BH-
JlHCb B pC3YJibTaTC pacnalla JICCKOJibKHX KpynHb!X KOMeT, 11pHJTeTeBWIIX K CBe-
THJlY COTHH JleT lla3atJ,, HMC!laM H KOTO-
pb!X H IJa3biBaiOTC5! 11x ceMeHCTBa. Y)Ke llaHtJ,ellO lJ;Be TbJC5!Yl1 TaKHX 06bCKTOB (pHC. 6). I1, LJTO YllHBHTeJibllO, LJHCJTO 061lapy:>KeHHb!X BYJII<aHOMtJ,OB B03pac-
TaeT c KaJKt~,bTM MeC5!JJ,CM. IIolJeMy JKe TCJICCKOIIbl HC 3aMCLiaJll1 HX paHbllie? AmirepHaTHBHOe o6b5!CHei!He cocTOHT B p01Kt(CHI1H MCJI KHX BYJIKaiiOH,llOB H3 I<OpOI-IaJlbHb!X Bb16pOCOB i\1aCCbl. l:.JT06bi 3TO tJ,OKa3aTb, t!OCTaTOl.fTTO fiOCTpOIITb cpy11 KJJ,HIO pacnp et~,eJie!IJ151 ∙ IIX pa3Me-
pOB. TaK ccrOJ!II51 po:>KnaiOTC51 nJJaiiCTbJ. Ho OLJeHh MaJieJJbK11c! IIpHMepHo Ha TaKHX )KC paccT051HH51X OT CBOHX, ITOt~,0611biX CoJilll!Y 3Be3t(, I-IaXOA5!TC5! 3K30riJlaHeTbl. C 3HIMH Op-
6¥rraMH CB5!3aJ-J J111K B CTaTHCT11YeCKOM pccnpeneJieHHH ncpHOt~,OB o6'pau(eHH51 rop5!lmx IorraTcpos y 3Be3A nma CoJIII-
'-!a. HarrpHMep, nJTaJ-JeTa Kepler 7b ItMe-
eT op6wry B 0,05 aCTpO!!OMHYCCKHX eJTHIII11l (JTeC51Tb Pat!HYCOB Comr qa ). KoJieLJJlo, noJI:>KIIO cymccTBOBaTb till Ha-
MHLreci<oe paBHOBeCHe Me:>Kt~,y TeJiaMII, Bbl6paCbiBaeMbiMI1 CBCTIIJIOM, n at~,a lO-
400 3KCnep1<1M8HTanbHaH 3aBI-1CI-1MOCTb annpOKCI-1MI-1pyeTCH aHani-1TI-1~8CKOii ~p1<1BOi11/R
2 ,_. Q) 300 \ :r: "' \ c::; c 0 400 c::; u :s: T 10 15 20 PHC. 7. 3aBHCHMOCTb 'IHCna 3K30nnaHeT OT HX RHaMerpa (B /lHaMerpax 3eMnH). no RaHHb/M renecKona «Kennep» rexH•Ka-MonoAii>•• II #93711 oKrR6p• 2011 • lUHMM Jla llefO M llpHJJeTaiOLI(MMM 113BHC. ITanaJOLUMe ua CoJJIUJ.e KOMeTbl MoryT CJJy)KMTb M 3aTpaBKaMM, CllYCKOBblMM KpJOLJKaMM i'J.J151 p0)KI'J.eHH51 BHXpeH B erO o60JJOLIKaX 11 TeM CaMblM 3al'l.aBaTb HX xapaKTepHCTMKM. ByJIKaHOMI'J.bi ITpHnJieKaiOT ITPMCTaJJb-
HOe BH11MaHIIe ycpOJIOrOB, KOTOpbie Tll(a-
TeJibHO M3yLialOT KOCMHLieCKHe CHHMKH. I1x Caihb! ITOJJHbl C006ll(eHH5!MH 0 TOM, LITO HACA CKpbmaeT OT rpaJKI'J.aH ITpH-
JJeT npmueJibiJ.en K CoJIHIJ.y. BITOJIHe pa3JJHLJHMb!X 06beKTOB HCITOH5!THOH 11p11p0i'J.bl, 11051BJJ5110ll\HXC51 11 HCLIC3al0-
II(HX, B6JII1311 CBeTHJia HaHI'J.eHO HeMaJJO. B6JJM3M nomoca cseTHJJa na)Ke 6bur o6-
Hapy)Kell i'J.OJifO)KHBYLI\MH o6beKT pa3-
MepOM c 3eMJJ 10. He 5!BJI51eTc51 1111 oH Honm1 nJJaHeToi1? CMo)KeT JIH oHa yna-
JJIITbC5! OT CoJiuua 11 Bbt)KHTb? 3aKOHHOe onpeAeileHIIIe nJlaHeTbl Henam1o 6htJJH oiTy6JIHKonaHbi na!lltble ITO aHaJJH3Y CTaTHCTHLieCKHX xapaKTe-
pHCTI1K 6oJiee Tb!C5!LIH 3K30ITJiaHeT, o6-
Hapy)KCHHbiX B op6HTaJJbHb!H TeJICCKOIT <iKenJICpi>. ToLJHO ycraHOBJICHO, LITO c pOCTOM pa3MepOB ycpet(HeiLHOe LIHCJIO 3K3011JJaHeT y6bl BaCT 110 CTCllCHHOMY 3aKoHy, o6panto nponopUHOHaJJbHO KnanpaTy 11x pan11yca (p11c. 7). IlOKaJKeM, LITO 3Ta 3aBHCHMOCTb ITp5!MO CJiei'J.yCT 113 llaLLIIIX npencraBJTeHMM l1 3
aKoua coxpaJteHH5! 3HeprHH. TaK KaK ITJiaHeThi o6pa3yiOTC5! ITPII ITpoKaLIKe ITOTOKa 3HeprHH a nemeCTna Liepe3 Ja-
POI'J.billleBbie BHXpii, TO, ITpH ycJIOBHH HX Oi'J.HHaKOBOrO COCTana, OHH 3axnaTbiBa-
lOT i'J.OJII13TOrO ITOTOKa, ITpOITOpiJ.HOHaJib-
Hb!C 11X IIJlOll(ai'J.51M. 0LICBHI'J.HO, LITO ITpH nocTO>IHHOM ITOTOKe 6oJiec KPYITHbiX rLJJaHeT i'J.OJL)KJ-10 6bJTb MeJ-Lbll!e, LieM MCJI-
KHX. EcJJH 011 secb HT\eT Ha o6pa30BaHHc IIJla!leT, TO 11pOH3Bei'J.eJLHe LJHCJia rJJLaJ-IeT na 11x nnomal'l.b i'J.OJI)KHO coxpaH5!ThC51, TO ecTb NS=const. 0Tcrona HMeeM, LITO N o6paTHO ITPOITOPIJ.HOHaJJhHO ITJioma-
i'J.II, TO ecTh KnanpaTy pan11yca. B Halllei1 CoJIHCLIHOH CHCTeMe 3TOMY 3aKOHY CJICI'l.YlOT pa3MCpbl flJiaHeT l1 HX CITYTHHKOB. 3Ta )Ke 3aKOHOMCpHOCTb ITpOCJie)I(HBaCTC5! II y acrepOHi'J.OB, KO-
MeT, HeOI'J.HOpOI'J.HOCTeH COJTHeLIHOfO BeTpa. CrenelJJiOH 3aKOH ecTb CBHI'J.e-
TeJibCTBO ei'J.HHOrO ITpOI1CX0)KI'J.eHl15! o6beKTOB pa3Horo pa3Mepa. AnaJionrLI-
Ha51 cpyHK]J.l10HaJJbHM 3aBHCl1MOCTb xapaKTepHa l1 i'J.ll5! MaJiblX TeJI 11"3 IT05!Ca 31'1./KBOpTa-
Koii:ITepa
1
, B TOM LJI1CJte I'J.JI>I rpyiTITbl Kapm1K0Bh!X fiJial-leT, K KOTO-
pbiM HCI'J.aBHO ITO pellleHMro BceMHpHo-
ro AcrpoHOMHLiecKoro cmo3a OTHCCJIH 11 IlJIYTOH. Hano CKa3aTh, LITO i'J.HCKyCCH51 0 TOM, LJTO TaKOC rlJiaHCTa, B pe3yJibTaTe KOTO-
poJ;i pa3)KaJIOBaJIH IlJiyTOH, B03 H M KJLa He Ha nycTOM MCCTe. 0Ha OTpa)l(aeT TOT o6ocHoBaHHbiH HaMH cpaKT, LJTO Me)KtlY KOCMHLieCKHMH TeJlaMM pa3HbiX pa3Me-
pOB He Ha6Jl!OI'l.aeTC51 pe3KOH rpaHHIJ.hl. BoT H npHXOI'J.HTC51 iipOBOI'J.HTh pa3JIH-
LJHe ITO yMo3pHTeJI bHbiM T e opH>~M nx ITpOHCXO)Kl(eH 1151. 3TO, KOHCLIHO, Bei'J.eT K rpOMKHM 3a51BJieHH5!M HCCOrJiaCI-IbiX y'-IeHb!X 11 CKaHI'J.aJJaM Ha Me/Ki'J.YHapOI'l.-
Hb!X KOHcpepeH]J.H51X, fl0l(06HbiX TOMy, KOTOpbiH conpOBO)I(i'J.aJI np111151TI1e Ol1-
peneJJeiLM5! rwaHeTbi, nHeclllee scero JlHWb HeKOTOpylO 5!CHOCTb B lJarJl511'1.-
IIYIO arvrrauHio ITJiaHeTapnen H MyJees, a TaK)Ke B i'J.Hi'l.aKTHKY ll!KOJibl. np1116ypeBWIIIe nilaHeTbl MI-Ioro crropon y aCTpOHOMOB Bbi3hi-
naiOT n o6beKThi npyroj;i norpaHH'-I-
I-IOH ITOJIOCbl, 3Be31'1.HO-
ITJiatleTHOi1. 3TO OTJIHLIHe OT 3K30ITJiaHeT KOpHLJHeBblX KapJlHKOB, OHH )I(C 6ypbie, CLJHTaJO-
lUHXC5! cJJa6biMH 3Be3naMn. B TeJiecKon Me)I(I'J.Y KapJIHKaMH 11 3K30flJiai-IeTaMH pa3HHUhi ae BHI'J.IIO, II03TOMY ACTpoco-
I03 ITOCJIC i'J.OJirOH i'J.HCKYCCHH 6biJI Bbi-
HY)KI'J.eH yKa3aTh, LJTO rpaH HUa Me>Ki'l.Y HHMH -
10 Mace IOnHTepa. 0TJIH'-IH5! 6biJIM Haii:neHbi n TeopeTHLiecnix Mexa-
HH3Max p0)KI'J.eHH5!. HaM )l(e oLJeB~ I i'J.HO, LJTO 3TO Oi'J.HH 11 Te )Ke o6beKThL TaK LfTO OTHOCHTb KapJTHKOB, 113JIYLJaiOlUHX B HllcppaKpaCHOM i'J.HaiTa-
30He, K 3Be31'l.aM HJTH llJiaHeTaM -
l'l.eJIO 1 naRc Kal1nepa-
naRc ManbiX nnaHer, Haxa,[jRLl.IMMCR 3a ap6urol1 HenryHa. AcrpaHaMM'feCKI111 cnaaapb. EdwART. 2010.-
npuM. pe,[j. www.technicamolodezhi.ru cMellble nmore3bl PHC. 4. 8bi6poc COnHe'IHOH nna3Mbl B KOpOHy. ConH/Ie 3aKpbiTO 3KpaHOM, 6enhiM KPYJI(KOM o6o3Ha'leH ero pa3Mep. BHRHO cnoesoe CTpOeHHe Bbl6poca C Bb/COK03HepreTH'IHOH /leHTpanbHOH 'IHCTb/0 nna3MOHRH PHC. 5. flaRH/0/JlHR Ha CORH/Ie KOMeTa H. OTRenbHble synKaHOHRbl soKpyr Hero. Cnpasa Ha ropH30HTHRbHOH RHHHH BHRHH BeHepa PHC. 6. 3Ta KOMeTa, KOTOpfiO 06HapyJI(HR aMepHKHHCKHH CTYReHT, CTana 2000-M He6eCHb/M TenOM 310f0 THna, HHHReHHb/M Ha f/Jororpaf/JHRX oKpecTHOCTH ConH/Ia, CRenaHHbiX KOCMH'IeCKHM annaparoM HACA SOHO 23 • cMenbJe nmoTe3bl PHC. 8. HaHOMeTp08ble 'laCTHilbl KOMeTHOH H MeJKnnaHeTHOH nblnH, C06paHHble 8 KOCMOCe, HMeiOT cnoe8oe crpoeHHe c T8i!p/lbiMH 8KRIO'IeHHRMH BKyca. EbiJTH Hail.ll,eHhi spau(aioumec5! BOKpyr MaTepHHCKHX 3Be3.11, 3K30JlJiaHe-
Tbl C pa3MepaMH, IIpCBbiWa!Ol.UHMH .ll,e-
OITb Mace IOrmTepa, a TaK:iKe O.li,HHOKHe KapJIHK11 MeHbWI1X pa3MepOB ... KaK noKa3biBaiOT He.ll,aBHI1e rry6JTHKa-
U1111 B :iKypHane Nature no rpaBI1TarrH-
OHHOMY JIHH3HposaHI1Io 3Be3.li,Horo cse-
Ta, 6ypniX KapMIKOB, nyTeweCTBYIO!.UHX B 0.11,11HOL[eCTBe B.ll,aJT11 OT MaTepHHCK11X 3Be3.11,, OYeHb MHOfO B KOCMI1L[eCKOM rrpoCTpaHCTBe. KapJIHKH 11 caMI1 MoryT IIMeTD crryn111KOB. BceneHHM rroJIHa 3apO.ll,biWaMI1 6y.ll,y!.UHX COJIHel[HbiX CHCTeM. PHC. 9. CHRTaR 8 renecKon «Xa66n» CHCTeMa 38e3Jlbl CIJOManbrayT C nblne8b/M JlHCKOM H nnaHeTOH IOnHTepHaHCKOrO pa3Mepa. 8 ManeHbKOM K8aJlpaTHKe -
MeCTOHaXOJKJleHHe nnaHeTbl 8 CHCTeMe 38e3Jlbl. 8∙60RbUJOM-
ei! nonoJKeHHR Ha op6HTe 8 2004 H 2006 rr. 24 3se3AHaSI nbrnb Ham llO.li,XO.ll, e.li,IIH .li,JI5! Bcex KOCMII-
LJeCKHX Ten 11 pe3KHX rpaH11U B o6JJac-
nop BI1CHT B B03.ll,yxe. B paMKax uarneil MO.ll,eJIH OTBeT O'IeBH.ll,eH. B MaJihiX Tenax Comrel[HOil CHCTCMhi TaK>KC 06Hapy:iKCHbi CJIC.ll,bl pa.li,HOaK-
TI1BHOf0 pacrra.11,a 1130TOIIOB, KOTOpbie o6pa3y!OTC5I TOJibKO B KOpOTKO:iKHBy-
l.UI1X B3pbiBaiOI.UHXC5I 3BC3.ll,aX. Jlor<aJih-
Hhie 5I.ll,epHblC peaKIII111 11 BHXp11, 0 KO-
TOpbiX fOBOp11JIOCb paHCC, 06b5ICH5IIOT 11 3TO. IInaHeThi, acTep011.ll,hi, KOMeThi, 3BC3.li,HbiH BeTcp -BCe 11MCIOT 06!IICe 11p011CXO:iK.li,CHI1C. HeT pe3KOH rpalli1Ubi 11 H H:iKe, Ha caHTI1-
MCTpOBbiX 11 .ll,a:iKC MHKpO-H HaHOpa3MC-
paX. TinJJieBbie LJaCTI1Uhi HaHoMeTpOBbTX pa3MCpOB, 113 KOTOpblX, 110 rpaBKTaUK-
OHHbiM TeOpH51M, 6yf(TO 6bi B03llf1KJIH Tl1 TeJI MaJihiX pa3MepOB, 3ai-!l1MaCMOH llJTaHCTC311MaJTH, BllOCJTe.li,CTBI1l1 CJTHH-
MeJIK11MI1 cnyn-IH KaMI1 rrnar-reT, acTepo-
11.ll,aMn, KOMeTaMM He 3a.11,aeT. B 1977 r., HarrpnMcp, 6bJJT OTKphrT o6neKT XHpOH .11,11aMeTpOM B napy COTeH K11JIOMeTpOB, CI1JibHO BbiT51HYTa5l op611Ta KOTOporo rrpoxo.li,HT Me)l{.ll,y op611TaM11 Yparra 11 CaTypHa. B6JIH3H nocne.li,Heil Kpyrmr,ril X11poH npvro6peTaeT KOMY )Ke 11 XBOCT, a llOTOMy 5!BJI5IeTC5I O.li,HOBpeMeHHO 11 acTepOH.li,OM, 11 KOMeTOH ... B 2006 r. aMep11KaHCKI1i1 arrrrapaT Stardust B35IJI rrpo6y Bcmecma, Bbi-
6pomernroro 113 KOMbl KOMCTbJ Wi]d-2. 0Ka3aJIOCh, 'ITO 3aXBaYeHHbJe llblJl11HKH CcpOpMHpOBaJIHCb rrp11 QLJeHb BbTCOKHX TeMnepaTypax (pHc. 8). (horo acTpo-
J LOMb! OT KOMeT C .ll,aJTei<OH XOJIO.li,HOH rrepHcj:lep11H coBceM He O:iKH.ll,aJIH. Bon-
poe 0 TOM, IIOL[eMy B COCraBe KOMeT eCTb TyrOIIJiaBKI1e TBep.ll,ble YaCTH L(bl, .11,0 CHX JUI1eC5I B IIJiaHeTbi, COCTaBJI5IIOT OKOJIO rrporrer-ITa Maccr,r Me)K3Be3.li,Hoil cpe-
.ll,hi. 0HH HMe!OT CJIOHCTYIO CTpyKTypy. CBepxy Haxo.li,I1TC5I ne.11,, MeTaH, aMMI1aK, rny6)Ke -
coe.li,I1HeHH5! yrnepo.11,a H CI1-
JII1KaThi, B rreHTpe -TyrorrnaBKoe yr-
nepo.li,Hoe 5I.ll,po. 0'IeBI1.li,HO, .li,JI5I TaKI1X MaJihiX 'IaCTI1II 5I.ll,epHbiH CHHTe3 B 11X B11Xp51X 3aBepLU11JIC5l .11,0 «:iKeJIC3HbTX>> CTa.li,MH. ITbrJTeBbre .li,HCKH y 3Be3LJ: H rrnaHeT To:iKe o6pa3yioTc51 B pe3yJTbTaTe. Bhr6pocos MaCChi, a He rrpKJTeTaiOT 113BHe. CoBCT-
CKHH aCTpOIIOM aKa.ll,eMHK AM6apuyM51II OTMe'-JaJI B CBOe BpeM51, '-ITO BO BceJTeH-
HOH BeJUeCTBO B OCHOBHOM paCTiblJI5!eT-
C5I, a He C0611paeTC5I B IlJIOTHbie MaCChi, 'ITO IIJiaHeTapHbie TyMaHHOCTI1 Ile 5!B-
JI5IIOTC5I MeCTOM p0)KL[eHI15I IIJiaHeT, a rrpcaCTaBJI5IIOT co6oi1 pacmHp5Iromnec5I CO CKOpOCTbTO B L[CC51TKH KHJIOMCTpOB B CeKyi-L.ll,y Bb!6pOCbl 3Be3.li,HOI'O Betuec-
TBa, pacceHBaTOI.UJ.feC5l 11pHMCpHO 3a CO-
TI-110 TblC5!Y J!eT. IIIHsepC1>1SI rpaBIIITal...\1>11>1 KaK OTMecranocb, uam11 npe.ll,cTaBJieHH51 paCmHp51IOT IlOH5!THe 3BC3.ll,bl .11,0 11Jla-
HeT0-3Be3L[HOH cHcTeMhr. B r-reKoTopr,rx CJIYL[a5IX OIIH noTpe6ymT YTOL[HeHH5I npocrpaHCTBeHHbiX pa3MepOB 3BC3L[bl KaK e.li,HIIO[O o6bCKTa, yYeTa npOCTH-
paHI151 ee Bell(eCTBCHHh!X H MarHHTHbiX llOJICH, llOTpe6yJOT llOHMMaHH5! 3Be3.11,, KaK L[aCTWJliO llJIOCKHX CVICTCM B npO-
CTpaLICTBe. J1 3TO npHM11p51CT p51.11, .11,11-
HaMH'-IeCKHX 3TaiiOB rpaBHTaUHOHHbiX MO.ll,eJieH C HalUHM IIO.li,XOL[OM. Jlenw BHLJ:CTb, L[TO rrporreccr,r, aHano-
rl1 L[HbJe ormcam-LhJM nhrme conHeYHhiM, 11.li,YT 11 Ha OYeHb 60JiblUHX MaCJUTa6ax • rpOMaJJ:HbJX 3Be3n. KaK rmaHeThr cpop-
M11pyroTc51 H3 BHXpeH, XOpOIIIO Bl1.l(HO, HarrpHMep, Ha cj:lOTorpacp1111 rpoMa.UHOH IIJIOCKOH 3Be3.l(bi <DOMaJibrayT (pHC. 9), cmnoH: TenecKorroM «Xa66JI1>. Ee cse-
T5!11(11HC5! IIbiJieBOM .l(I1CK -
3aMeTHM, B HaiiieM IIOHHMaHHH COCTaBJI5!IOll(HM HeOT'beMJieMyiO YaCTb CaMOM 3Be3-
.l(bi -CO.l(epJKHT rHraHTCKYIO IIJiaHeTy (p11C. 9 CpaBHI1Te C pHC. 6). Ilp11rJI5!.l(eBIIIHCb K pHCyHKy, MOJKHO YBI11J.eTb 11 IJ.pyme B11xp11. Co speMeHeM OHI1 paccocyTC5!, KaK 3TO IIpOMCXOIJ,HT C COJIHe'!Hb!MI1 II5!THaMI1, .711160 II0p01J.5!T IIJiaHeTbl. 3TOT Cl.(eHapHH MOJKeT IIOC-
JIYJKI1Tb OIJ,HOM M3 Bep11cp11Kal(11Ml-taiiii1X npeiJ.CTaBJieHMM. rAe IIICKaTb >Kiii3Hb C 2009 r. B KOCMOCe HaXO.l(HTC5! CIIei.(H-
aJII1311pOBaHHbiM TeJieCKOfl «Kerrnep>>, CJieiJ,5!ll(HH 3a IIOJiyTopa COTH5!MI1 Tbi-
C5!'! 3Be31J. (p11c. 10). YJKe no aHaJII13Y IJ,aHHbiX 3a rrepsbre '!eThrpe MeC5!Ua ero pa6oTbJ onpeiJ,eJieHhi pa3Mepbr, nosepx-
HOCTHbTe TeMnepaTypbi, Op611Tbi 11 ne-
p1101J,bl o6pameHI15! 6onee '!eM TbiC5!'!11 KaHIJ,HIJ,aTOB B 3K30IIJiaHeTbl. 3TO HaH60-
Jiee 6JII13KI1e K MaTep11HCK11M 3Be31J,aM rrJJaHeTbi, o6n<maromwe cpasmneJibHO MaJibiMH rrep110IJ,aMI1 o6pall(eHH5!. «Kennep1> Mll(eT JKI13Hb TaM, riJ,e CBeTJIO. B rro11cr<ax 30H o611TaeMOCTI1 11 3eMJie-
IIOIJ.06HbJX HJiaHeT OH IIpOCMaTp11Ba-
eT YlfaCTOK He6a MeJK.UY C03Be31J,I151MI1 Jle6en51 11 Jl11pb!. Tenecrwn HarrpasJreH B CTOpOHY CXOJK.l(eHI15! 3Be3.l(HbiX CJlH-
paJibHbiX pyKaBoB Op11oHa M CTpe.7Ibl!a, 6oraTbiX BOIJ.OPO.UOM 11 IIbiJ!biO, Ha yyac-
TOK, fiJ,e KOHI.(eHTp11pyiOTC5! 4,5 MJIH 3Be31J,, IIO 6oJI bill eM '!aCTH IIO.l(06HbiX COJIHUY. Op11eHTal.\1151 <<Kerrnepa>> Ha O'!eHb aK-
TI1BHyro o6JiaCTb fanaKTMKI1 o6'b5!CH5!eT HeiiOXOJKeCTb l!aMIJ,eHHbiX CMCTeM Ha Haiiiy CoJIHe'IHYIO CI1CTeMy 11 npeo6na-
IJ,aHI1e cpe1J,I1 HaM.l(eHHbiX 3K30f!JiaHeT rop51YHX IOIIHTepOB C 60Jibiiii1MI1 3KC-
U,ettTp11CI1TeTaMH, Hp11'!11Ha KOTOpbiX KpOeTC5! B aJU130TpOIII111 OI<pyJKaiO-
ll(eM MaTep11HCK11e 3Be31J,bi KOCMH'!eC-
KOM cpeiJ.bL I13-3a HepaBHOMepHoro no yrny pacnoJioJKeHI15! cocenHHX 3Be31J., KOHl.(eHTpal.\1151 KOTOpbiX onpe1J,eJI5!eT-
C5! 3HepronepeHOCOM B pyr<aBe, op611-
Tbi IIJiaHeT MOryT 6biTb Her<pyroBbiMH. 3Ty KOppeJI5!U1110 KOMaHIJ,e TeJieCKO-
rra cne.uosano 6hr rrposepHTb B nepsyiO OYepe)lb. Ilp11 npOYHX paBHbiX yCJIOBM-
www.technicamolodezhi.ru > 5!X 3KCUeHTp11CI1TeTbi .l(OJIJKHbl lla;J;aTb IIO Mepe CHI1JKeHM5! KOHl(e1LTpal(l111 OK-
pyJKaiOll(HX 3Be3.l(. 113 HaiiiHX npe1J.CTaBJiermi1 BhiTeKaeT, '!TO HCKaTb KOIII111 3eMJII1 Ha.l(O B o6-
.7laCT5!X, nono6Hhrx or<pyJKeHI1IO ConH-
ua. Haiiia 3Be3na pacrroJimKeHa s6JIH3H OKpyJKHOCTI1 MaKCI1MaJibHOM CKOpOCTI1 spameHI15! fanaKTHI01 B o6nacnr MeJK-
IJ.Y pyr<aBaMH. 31J,eCb 11HTeHCI1BHOCTb 3BOJIIOU110HHbiX 113MelieJIHH 3Be31J, 11 HX 3Hepro06MeH C OKpyJKeHHeM MeHbllle, '!eM B MeCTaX HX 60JibWOH KOmreHTpa-
U1111 B pyKasax. Hawa Comre'!HM CI1CTeMa rrpe6bmaeT cMeilble nmoTe3bl PHc. 10. Bsepxy: nonoJKeHHe renecKona «Kennep» B Haweii ranaKTHKe. BHH3y: OKpyJKa/OUIHe ofinaCTb HCCneROB8HHR TyMaHHOCTH. JKifnTb/M «npoJKeKTOpOM>> H JKiinTbiMH crpenKaMH noKa3aHbl none 3peHHR H OfinaCTb CK8HHpOB8HHR «Kennepa» pJI3MepOM B TpH Tb/CR'IH CBeTOBb/X neT MeJKRY pyKaBaMH OpHoHa H Crpen~>lla B ropa3.l(O 6oJiee <<CIIOKOMHOM>> o6JiaCTH, fl03TOMY B HeH HeCKOJ!bKO HJiaHeT 3eM-
HOfO nma, a 3KCl(eHTp11CHTeTbl ee IIJia-
JieT MaJibr. TaKHe nJiaHeTbl MoryT 6hiTb HaM.l(eHbl B.l(aJIH OT pyKaBOB 11/11.7II1 B .l(O-
CTaTO'IHO CHMMeTpH'IHOM OKpyJKeHHH 3Be3.l( B aHKJiaBe, IIO.l(06HOM <<JIOKaJibHO-
MY rry3bipi01> CoJIHUa. TM 25 • CK83K8 CBOMMM PYKIMM Cepre ~ BVlHOIPAAOB <l>oro asropa 26 ... >KIIIn B nO,QMOCKOBHOIII ,qepeBHe Manb4111K ~pa. 6eran Ha pe4KY c ,qpy3b5=1MIII, rOH5=tn s cpyT6on 111 C HIIIMIII :>Ke «OrOpO,QH1114an». A 8ll.le nf06111n 4111TaTb Ill piiiCOBaTb KpaCIIIBbl8 6enbl8 ropo,qa c pa3HOL...tBeTHbiMIII KPbiWaMIII 1-! 30nOTbiMIII KynonaMIII Ill nen111n 1113 nbi:>KHOIII Ma3111 ,QIIIKOBIIIHHbiX 3Bepell! Ill CKa304HbiX 48nOB84KOB. 3
aKOH'-IHJI CeMHJieTKy, IlOTOM peMeC-
JieHHOe H qm3KYJihTypHOe Yl.J:HJIH-
ll(a. Pa60Ta.rr TpeHepoM no JierKoi1: aTJieTHKe B coBX03e «3ap51 KoMMYHH3-
Ma», pa60<JHM Ha nHJJOpaMe, CBapli(H-
KOM, orrepaTOpOM HaCOCHb!X ycraHOBOK. Ho MeLJTbT AeTcKoi1 He 3a6brBa.rr. ITo KHH)K-
KaM ocBOHJI pe3b6y no AepeBy. Bhrpe3a.rr AepemiHHbie JIO)KKH, TIOTOM CTaJI AeJiaTh KpacHBYIO pe3I∙ryro rrocyAy, Me6eJlh. IIpH-
AYMhiBaJI H H3roTaBJIHBaJI crreuHaJihHbTi1: HHCTpyMewr. IIoTOM 6brJia Yl.J:e6a B 3aocr-
HOM YHHBepcHTeTe KYJihTyphr, me 10pHi1 I1BaHOBHLf lJ.eJIHaHOB (HMeHHO taK 30BYT rep051 J-laWero paCCKa3a) 1103HaKOMHJIC5J c pa6oTaMH KmreHKOBa, 3p35! H ApyrHx BeJIHKHx cKyJihnTopoB. MaTepHaiiOM CJIY)KHJIO TO )Ke AepeBO, TOJibKO Tenepb 3TO 6hiJIH HHH, KOpiiH, Kpym!bfe KOp5IrH. BAOXHOBeHHe '-Iepnan Bee B TOM )Ke pyc-
cKoM 3noce, B CKa3r<ax IIywr<HHa. HeKo-
TOpbie HAeH BbiHaWHBaJIHCb MeC5JUaMH, Apyme rrpHXOAHJIH ueO)KHAaHHO. -BoT 3TOT pacr<oJIOThiH 11 crHHBIUHi1 H3HYTPH neHh Jie)KaJI y MeHj{ B CMY He-
CKOJihKO JieT, -paccr<a3bTBaeT IOpHi1:. -A HOTOM CMOTpiO, -
Aa 3TO )Ke CTyna Ea6hr 51TH! TaK rrOJIYl.J:HJIHCh AepeB5IH-
Hhre HJIJIIOCTpauHH K <<KOTy Yl.J:eiiOMy», «I136yurKe Ha KypbHX HO)I(Kax>>, <<Jiyr<o-
MOpbiO>>. -
IIHH -
YAHBHTeJibHhiH MaTepHa.rr -
npOAOJI)KaeT MacTep. BrJI5IAHCh B 11x Ha-
nJihiBhi, npO)KHJIKH, Tpeli(HHhl. C OAHOH CTOpOHhi )leA JlecoBHK, c Apyroi1: -Ua-
• pesHa fle6enn HCHo BhrpHCOBhiBaeTCH. Hy, 3Ha'IHT, Tar< H 6yneT: nse CKYflhiTTypni H3 OAHOfO nepesa. CaM MaTepHM rroncKa3bi-
saeT MacTepy o6pa3hL BoT, K ITpHMepy, KOpeHb H6flOHH. )la 3TO )!(e HacTOHIIIM Meny3a foproHa! ITonanHCh KaK-TO yMeflbl.(Y o6JJOM-
K11 rrerro6eTOHHhrx 6noKoB. ITonpo6o-
BM pe3aTb H3 HHX -
3aHHTHbie QJOp-
Mbi rronyqHflHCb. Ha6pan aa csanKax )!(efle3HK CTapbiX, aBTOM06HflhHbiX TIOKpbiiiieK, BCHKOro CTpOHTeflbiiOfO MYCOpa H 06Ma3M BCe 3TO paCTBOpOM -
rronyqHflHCh CKa30'IHhre rophr c rrporrac-
THMH, ymenbHMH, rremepaMH. Ha sep-
unmax rap ycTpow CKa30'IHbre 3aMKH, www.technicamolodezhi.ru > a)!(ypHbTe MOCTHKH, KpenOCTI!bJe CTeHbl H 6aunm. 1'13 KaMIDI, ane6acTpa, 6HToro KHpTIH'Ia TIOHBHflHCb «npeBHHe pa3Ba-
flHHbi>>. <DaKTypa MaTepHMa ITOpOAHfla CTHflh: fOTH'IeCI<HH. )lflH C03AaHHH BCeH 3Toii KpacoThr IOpHii: Hcrronn3yeT caMhre 06'!Hbie HHCTpYMeHTbl: TOI!Op, KHHH-
Ky, AOflOTO, HO)KOBKy, Ha6op CTaMeCOK. I1Horna AflH pa60Tbi H~ KOHK-
peTHOH cKynhrrTypoii CaMOCTO-
HTeJibJ-JO 113rGTaBflHBaeT CTiel.(H-
aJTbHbiH HHCTpyMeHT. Pa6oTbi MacTepa BhiCTaBAAJIHCb B )loMOAeAOBCKOM KpaeBeA'!eCKOM MY3ee. Mecn∙JM npecca XBMHna. Ho HHKaKHX KOMMep<IeCKHX UOCJieACTBHH BhiCTaBKa He HMena. )la 11 rre TOT qenna-
HOB Y:eflOBeK, 'IT06hi l13BJieKaTb BblfOAY 113 CBOHX CKa30K. TsopqecTBO -::-
6ecKo-
pb!CTHo! OH napHT cso11 pa6oTbi APY3bH-
MH, COCeA5IM, 3HaKOMhiM H rrpOCTO XOpO-
IIIHM JIIOA51M. B CBOH 65 neT OH 3Hepm'IeH H rroJIOH TBop<JeCKHX rrnaHOB. Y IOpH51 I1BaHOBH'Ia Tpoe AeTeH H ITHTepo BHYKOB. BcH ceMhH -
JIIOAH TBOpY:ecKHe. JKeHa, HHHa AHaTOnheBHa, MeA11K no crrerl:HMh-
HOCTH. 3aHHMaeTCH BOKMOM H flOACKa-
3biBaeT MY)KY CIO)KeThi, pa3BHBaeT HAeH. )lo<JD ysJie'!eHa xopeorpacjJHeii:. CniHOBh51 pHcyroT H Bnrpe3arOT no nepesy. Ha sey-
KOB, TaK)Ke He JIHIIIeHHbiX TBOp'IeCKHX 3a-
naTKOB, y IOpHH oco6bre Jr ~e)!(Ahi. Ha c~oBOM y<racTKe qenrraHOBhiM H3 ITOAPY'!HhiX MaTepHMOB BbiCTpOeH OpH-
rHHaJibHbiH AOM-TepeMOK, yKpaiiieH pe3HhlMI1 JlaJ111YHJ1KaMH H pyCCKHM Op-
HaMeHTOM. EecenKa cneJtaHa Hl3 neCHhrx KOpHr, nenrnH KYXH51 yKpaweHa HaCTO-
HIIJeH pyccKOH nel.fbTO, OTAeflhHO o6o-
pynosaHa MacTepcKa5!. 3necb, Ha na'Ie, CpeAH 3efleHH H l!BeTOB <<llOCeJIHfl>> OH CBOH CKYflhiTTypnr: KpacaBHL( 11 L(apeif, 6oraTbipei1: H fleiiiHX, fHOMOB H AHKO-
BHHHb!X 3Bepeii:. 3neCh )Ke <<BbipaCTaJOT» rrpeKpacHhre 6eJiocHe)!(Hbre ropona, o KO-
TOphrx Korna-TO MeY:TM MaJlbY:HK H3 ITOA-
MOCKOBHOH nepeBHH. TM 27 • TexH~ttKa " cnopT AneKCIHAP AHAHbEB: «B CTP8He eCTb COTHH Tanal Pes ,qs111raTeneLII, .QbiM 1113-no,q Konec, cyMacwe,qw111e cKopocTII1, BOCTOp>KeHHble BOnnll1 ... TaKOBa Tll1nli1'-1Ha71 KapTII1Ha aBTOrOHOK «CDOpMynbl 1 » BO BCeM Mll1pe. 0,qHaKO BOT B POCCII1111 3TII1 60n111,Qbl nor~snr~tOTC71 n111wb OT cnyYa71 K cnyYatO, c noKa3aTenbHbiMII1 BbiCTynneHII171MII1. npoKaT71TC71 BOKpyr KpeMn71 -
111 «a,QbiO». YTo HY>KHO c,qenaTb, 4T06bl asTocnopT npOL...\BeTan 111 B Pocc111111? Kor,qa B HaweLI! CTpaHe n071B71TC71 aBTOrOHL1.1111KII1 M111pOBOrO Knacca? 06 3TOM Haw cnel...\111anbHbiLII KoppecnoH,qeHT CTaHII1Cnas 31/lrYHEHKQ 6ece,qyeT C reHepanbHbiM ,QII1p8KTOpOM aBTOHOMHOLII HeKOMMep4eCKOLII opraHII13al...\111111 «CDOpMyna-4eMnii10HaT» AneKCaH,qpoM AHAHbEBbiM. -
AiteKcauop Feuuaobeeutt, a notteAty, ua eaw B3
2.1l.RO, PoccU.R uuKozoa He exoowta B tfUCJlO BeOyUJ,UX cmpa11 no ttacmu npo-
U3
600CmBG aBmOM06UJteU, aBmOM06UJtb-
1lblX peKOpOOB U l07lOK? -
ITo3BOJibTe c BaMII He conracHTbOI. lta, nepBhii1 B PoccHH aBTOM06HJJ b, KOTOpbiii no5IBI1JJC5! B 1891 r. Ha ynH-
uax Onecchr, 6hrJJ HHOCTpaHHOro npo-
113BO.llCTBa. Ho y)!(e B 1896-M Mopci<oil oq)IJuep E.A. 51KoBJieB 11 npeAnpHIIH-
MaTeJJh II.A. <Dpe3e nocTpOHJJI1 nepBbiil oTec1eCTBCIIIIbiH aBTOM0611JJb, I<OTOphii1 A C ~IOIICrp11pOBaJJC5l Ha BbiCTaBJ<C-5Ip-
MapKe B HI1)!(11CM HoBropoAe 11 no CB0-
11~1 xapai<TCp11CTJ1KaM MaJJO CJCM OTJIIJ-
28 '-!aJIC5l OT 3apy6e)!(ll hi X 1<011 I<ypeiiTOB. 11 riO c1acn1 aBTOroiiOJ< Mbl IICOTCTaBaJIH. Y)!(e B 1898 r. peAai<UH5l neTep6yprcKO-
ro )!(ypHaJia <<CaMoi<aT» opra1IH30BaJJa rrepByiO pyccKyro rom<y <<MOTOpOB>>, J<aK TOrAa Ha3hJBaJu-t aBTOM06HJJH. Ha crapT y cTaJIU,II 11 AJieJ<caJJLIPOBCKM noA IIeTep6yproM BbiUJJJII ceMb OTBa)!(-
'LblX CITOpTCMCIIOB, I<OTOpblM 11 OI<T516-
p51, B pacrryTHUy, llpCtiCT05JJIO OL(OJICTb 38 BepCT ( 42 KM) no y)KaCHbiM noporaM AO CTpeJibHH 11 o6pan1o. IIo6ewHeJib roHKH II. 6eJJ5leB 11 powc;r Bcro AHC-
TaHuHro Ha T()HL\11 KJJe «l{JleMaH» 3a 1 cr 33 MHH H 36 C, l10Ka3aB CpCWiiOIO CKO-
pOCTb 24,5 BCpCTbl B CJaC (26,5 I<M/'-1). 3TO, KCTanf, 6h1Jl0 6oJJbWC, '-!Cr.! HOKa-
3biBaJJH ¢panuy3h1 BO BpeM5l roHKH ITa-
pH)!(-PyaH, XOT5l TaM roH5IJJHCb Ha I<yAa JIY'-!WHX AOporax H B cyxoe BpCM51 rOL(a. 11 llOTOM CIJLC HaULH COOTCCJCCTBCHJLH-
KH JIC pa3 OKa3b1BaJlHCb no6CAHTCJI5JMII B CaMblX rrpeCTI1)!(HbiX .MC)!(L(yllapOA-
HblX ro1 1 I<ax. TaK, B HIOJie 1904 r. ~IOC­
KBWI A.B. CoJIAaTeHKOB npCOAOJJCJI CTOKHJ
!OMCT()OBbi{I 6apbep CKOpOCTIL, noKa3aB pe3yJJhTaT 106 KM/CJ. OH )!(C B 1906 r. BblHrpa;r 60JJbWOH np113 <Dpa11-
Ul1H, BCAYIUCJ';j no TCM BpeMeHaM awro-
M0611Jibii0H t\Cp)KaBbl MHpa. Pocc11 HCKMe aBTOM06HJJH «Pycco-
6anT» IIC pa3 flOKa3bJBaJIH BCCbMa llpH-
rexHHKa-MonoAii>KH II #93711 OKro6pb 2011 rexHMKa M cnopr ~TBHBbiX MOBOAbiX DHBOTOB ••• » JIH'-!HblC pe3yJlbTaTbl B MC)KJlyHapO,UHbiX roHKax HaYa.Tia XX B. 1-'hroe .ueno, YTO Tor.uawmte pyKOBO.U11TCJIII cTpaHbl, Kat< fOBOpllTC51, npOMOpraJJll MOMCIIT. BMeC-
TO Toro YT06bt no.u.uep)KaTb pa3pa60T-
K11 OTCLICCTBC!Illb!X KOHCTPYKTOpOB -
E. Jlyi!KOro, II. CDpe3e, 11. PoMat-IOBa, A. IIy3btpcBa 11 ttpyntx, -
MltOrt-te BJJaCTb npettep)Kalli,He Tortta ( KaK 11 cej;\-
'-!ac, KCTan1) n pe.uno'-lJIH3aKynaTb ro-ro-
Bble aBTOM06l!JIH 3a py6e)KOM. B 11Torc uapCK11il rapa)K, KOTOpbtlf llOTOM, B CO-
BeTCKlte spe~te11a, 6b1Jl npeo6pa3oBaH B fOH -
rapa)K oco6oro Ha31taYellH51, -
6hiJI npoue11TOB Ha 90 yKoMrrJieKTOBall I!M110pTtiOii TCXHIIKOi1:. -A 8 umoze 8 20-e zz. XX 8. co8emcKOMY npa8umeJtbCm8y npuwJtOCb opza1iu3o-
8bt8amb a81no.Mo6uJtb1iY10 npoMbtWJJeu-
Hocmb npaKmwtecKu c HYMt. IlputteM, 11a .Mou 83VI.Ra, 80 8mopoi1. pa3 pyKo8oacm8o Hacmynww ua me JICe zpa6Jlu -8Mec-
mo mozo, ttmo6bt IWHcmpyupo8amb u cmpoumb co6cm8e1i1ibte a8mOAw6wtU, Ja py6e:JICO.M, 8 '-tacmuocmu y C/Jopaa, 6b1Jt KynJteH zomo8bti1. 3a8oa, npu8e3eu 8 CCCP, u 1w ue.M cmaJtu npou38oaum∙b «cjJopaw> ycmape8wux MoaeJteu ... -
JlllYIIO 5I B TaKOM ITO,UXO,UC I-111'-!CrO c-rpaw11oro 11e BH:>KY. BoH 5!ITOHUhi noc-
ne BTopoii M11pOBOH BOHHhi rroUIJIJ1 no TOMY :>Ke np1tlll!lll1Y -
ct<ynHJJI1 y aMe-
p11Kat1UeB na-rcHTbl 11 o6opyttoBa1111e II llaYaJIII np0113BOili1Tb aBTOM06HJII1. .[{pyroe neno, LJTO CJI)"JHJIOCb noTOM. CIJaLJaJJa 11an nOII51THeM «>IflOI-ICKHit as-
TO~J061tJib >> IIOllpOCTY CMe>IJIHCb, a llb!IIC Ha << TOiiOTaX~ II npOLJI[X aBTOH3,Ue.IIH51X C 5InOtlCKIIX OCrpOBOB e3,UHT ITOJIMHpa, B TOM YI1CJie II MHOriie aMepHKaHl!bl. IlOTOM TOYIIO TaK)Ke C,UeJiaJJH KOpeHL]bl, Hb!HC no TOMY :>KC rryTH 11.UYT KYITaHUbl. .. Y HaC :>KC llOYCMy-TO TaK HC llO.IlyYa-
eTC51. XoT51 co6cTBeHHbte ronosacTbte KOHCTpyKTOpbt ltMeJlliCb B llpOW.IIOM, ll~leiOTC51, llaBepHOe, B llaJJH'-!YI\1 II CC I ~­
YaC. BcnoMIII1M xoT51 6bi Copot<1111a 11a « MOCKBJ-JLie ~, C031laTe.lleH KOI!l!efiT-
t<apa <<Ox-ra>> (eM. «TM>> N2S 3a 1991 r.) 113 Ilelltlt1rpancKoi1 Jla6opaTopHH nepc-
neKTHBJtoro MaKeTHpOBaHH5! JierKOBbiX www.technicamolodezhi.ru > aBTOM06Hneli, c03nalliJOii np11 HAMI1 no JIHLfHOMY yKa3aHJ∙tto M.C. fop6a'-!c-
sa ... fosop51T, oTeLJeCTBelllla51 aBTOM0-
6HJJbHa51 npOMbllll.lle!IHOCTb He fOTOBa socnpHH5!Tb JlllltOBaUHH. A no-MoeMy, Ot-Ia npocTo 1-re XOLieT }IX np11HHMaTh. 3a rOilbl COBeTCKOrl B.llaCTtl <<KHTbl>> OTCYeCTBeHHOI'O aBTOllpOMa np11BbiK-
JI11, LJTO 3a 11x nponyKuHerl, KaKoBa 6hi 011a HH 6hiJia, B CCCP CT051JII1 OLJepe.uH tt.IIHHOH B HCCKOJiht<O JICT. BoT H xan-
-ryp1111>t. A B IITore «MocKBHY>> HbiHe 11pet<pan1JJ cywecTBOBaiiiiC, eJie-eJie llhiiJJJH 3l1Jl, Ha fA3e 11 BA3e nono-
:>Kell He To:>Ke ttaJJeKo 11e 6I1ecu1 mee. -
Oa1iaKO 8ep1teMCR K G8mozmtKaM. Ec;tu Hawa npoMbtuute7l1wcmb ue 8 co-
cmoauuu cOJaa8amb Atacco8yw npoayK-
u,wo uaaJte:J/Catu,ei.O Ka•teCm8a, mo, 6btmb AtOJICem, eau7tU'-11lble 3K3eAtnJI..flpbt nO cneu,3aKG3aM Mbl 8 COCmORILUU aeJtamb Ha MUp080M ypo81-te? -
To:>Kc He oco6o noJiyYaeTc51. BcnoM-
IlHTe xoT51 6bl nonbtTI<H E. HeMuoBa ne-
pccanHTb HawHx Ll~lt - IOBti~IKOB 11a «Bon-
rH>>, 113ro-rosJJeHHbte no cne]l3aKa3y. He oco6ctiHO rop51T 01111 :>KeJJa1111eM e31lHTh 11 11a «l.lat~Ka x~ 11 3l1Jlax oTeLJec-rseH-
IIOro npoH3Bonc-rsa. A see noToMy, '-!TO ,Ua)Ke B <
HOM CJJyLJae BblllaiOU]HMilC5! Ka-
LfCCTBaMH JraWH aBTOM06HJJH llOXBaC-
TaTb He MOryT. -
Omc10aa Jlce, 1-ta8ep1ioe, npoucmeKa-
em u He o•tellb 8btcoKoe 1Wttecm8o mex a8
moMo6UJteu, Komopbte npwtwvtawm y'tacmue 8 paJlflU u npottux a8mozouKax. Bou 1ia BA3e Mite KaK-mO ao8eJtdCb 8U-
aemb, KaK l0m08Rm cnopmU81-tbte a8mO-
M06UJtU. B3amy10 c KOH8euepa Ataulwty mym JI
Ce pa3o6paJtU ao 8U1imUK08, a no-
mOAt Ha'LGJLU co6upamb C1L08a, no xoay noazmLRR, pezyJtupya, a mo U 3a1i080 U3lOma8JlU8aR me UJLU U7lbte aemaJtU U Y3Jtbt. H xopowo, KaK cKa3aJtu MHe, ec;tu maKaa Mautuua nocJte 7teaeJtu zoHoK 8e p-
HemCR 8 zapaJIC C80UM xoaoJW. ... -TyT TO:>KC CCTb CBOH XH"rpOCTH H TO!l-
KOCTH, onpeLteJJet-IHa51 KYJJbTYI1a rrpoH3-
BO.UCTBa, KBaJJI1cP11UHpOBatllla51 KOMaJI-
,Ua. TioKa ::now 1tayKor1 y Hac B cTpaHe cyMenl1 OBJia,UCTb JJHUih Ha KaMA3e. BoT 11X 3aBO,UCKa51 KOMaJI,Ua H 3aHHMaeT Bbi-
COK11e MCCTa Ha paJJJIH TiapH:>K-.[{aKap. -Ho mozaa, 6btmb MOJ/Cem, 1iQJ14. maKOlO 8006tu,e 1te amw? He 80 8Cex 8eab cmpa-
lia.:r: cmpo5tm caMOJtembl uJtu cnopmu8t 1-
tbte RXmbt ... H uuKmo U3 amozo mpal.e-
auu He ae;taem ... 29 rexHI.1Ka 1.1 cnopr -BoT TO-TO H o6H.ll,HO, L£TO y 1 rae CTpo-
JIJJIJ CBOI1 CriOpTl1BHbie aBTOM06HJII1, H .ll,OBOJihHO np11JJI!L£Hhre. Bou xaphKOB-
LJaHe 113 XALU1 He pa3 ycrallaBJTHBaJIH Ml!pOBbJe peKOp.ll,bl CKOpOCTVI B onpe-
.ll,eJJeHHblX KJJaccax . .6brJJa y 1-rac B IlpH-
6aJITHKe II CB051, BnOJII-Je np11III1LJI!a51 riO TeM BpeMerraM aBTOTpacca, Ha KOTOpOM, uap51.11,y c HHOCTpaJ-IJrbJMJ1, 6cramt 11 oTeL£ecmellllbiC 6oJJH.ll,bl. DbiJJa 11 cso51 WKOJJa llO.ll,fOTOBKH CriOpTCMCllOB. C pa3BaJJoM CCCP see 3TO pyxayJio ... Cero.ll,HH cnoco6Hhri1 napiiHWKa Mo-
JKeT II011p060BaTb CBOH CHJI bl JII1Wb B fOHKaX Ha KapTaX. Iloe3.ll,HT OH Ha HHX JJeT ri51Tb, .ll,OCTY!fHeT IIOTOJJKa -
Yl BCe. EcJ111 3a py6eJKOM pe65ITa B 15-16 JJeT JlaL£11HaiOT np060BaTb CBOI1 CI1Jibl B fOII-
KaX <i<DOpMyJJbl 3>>, perHOJiaJibliblX I1 llal!MOHaJibllbiX LJeMnHOJ-JaTaX, TOy J-!aC HM e3.ll,HTb nonpoCTy He Ira L£eM. -/la u Hezae, HaeepHoe ... -A BOT 3.ll,eCb 3a rrocJie.ll,HI1e .ll,Ba ro.11,a np01130WeJJ Cyll!eCTBeHHbi}i rrpOpbiB: fO.ll, Ha3a.ll, 6b!JIH BBe.ll,eHbl B 3KCIIJJy-
aTal!HIO CMoJJeHCKOe 11 HKJKeropo.ll,-
cKoe KOJihUa, B 3TOM fOiLY OTKpblJIC51 npeKpacHhll1 aBTOJJ.pOM Kazanring B TanpCTaue, na rro.ll,Mory cTapoMy tL06poMy M51LJKOBO B IloJJ.MOCKOBbe 3aKaHL£HBaeTC51 CTpOHTeJibCTBO nepBO-
KJLaCCJiOfO Moscow Raceway na Ho-
BOp111KCKOM WOCCe, CKOpO nepBbie fOHKH llpHMeT aBTOitpOM <<CaHKT-
IleTep6ypn>. Ho Tpaccbi 3TI1 JJ,OJI:lKHbi pa60TaTh. Ha HI1X jlOJIJKHbl perymrpHO npOBO.ll,HTbC5I COpeBHOBaJLH51, npHBJieKaTbC51 3pHTeJIH. 30 _l r.-
Bc.ll,h 3a py6eJKOM JJ,eJJo KaK noCTaBJJe-
Ho? Bee ceMei1cTBo HJIH xoT51 6br nana C Cbll!OM OT11paBJJ51IOTC5I Ha aBTOll,pOM nOLJTH Ha BeCb JJ,ellb. 0HH H riOKa3a-
TCJibHble BbiCrynJJeJ-11151 nOCMOTp51T, 11 Tpei 111pOBOLlJJhie 3ae3JJ,bi, 11 co cnopT-
CMCrJaMI1 noo6ruaJOTC51 ... 11, fJT5I.ll,HWb, 3aHHTepecoaarJIIbie, upH,ll,YT 11 3aBTpa, 11a CaMH fOIIK~I flOCMOTpeTb. Hy)Kr-m TeXJLHKa, HY)IO-Ibi cnopTCMeJihi, liYJKJtbi TpaLJ:HUHH. Ho LJ:O J-JacT05Ill!ero MOMeiiTa BCero 3TOfO KaTaCTpOcj:>HLJeC-
KH He xsaTaJJO. He ciiyLJ:aihro JiereHtLap-
llbJH aBT011pOMOyTep .6epHH 3KKJICTO-
YH noccToBaJI HaKaHyne rrpe3ewraLlHI1 -rpaccbl <D1 B Cocm: <i5I .11,yMaJJ, LJTO Poc-
CHH 6hiJIO nO CHJTaM npOfiTH 3TOT nyTb ropa3JJ,O 6biCTpec~. <<5I He yexaJI 6bl B I1TaJIHIO,-
npH3HaJI-
C51 a OiLIIOM tr3 HHTcpBblo B Cocm L(aHH-
HJJ KBHT, ell!e OtLHrJ 11aw nepcncKTHB-
HbiM aBTOfOHll!HK -
6yLJ:b y 1rac TOfL(a B CTpaHe TaKa51 CepH51, KaK <<<DOpMyJra PoccHH>>. Mbl BHJJ.HM cBoto 3aLJ:aL£y B TOM, L£T06hi pail~! KaJTbiiO 113MCJ-ll1Tb 3TY CHTyal!I1IO K JIYLJ:WeMy. -
Kmwu JICe 8"bl euaume 8btxoa U3 no-
JlOJICeHlm? Tfmo npeacmaBJtJtem co6ou «(])opMyJta PoccUfl»? -HbiHe B MHpe aBTocnopTa pacnpo-
crpaHeHhi HCCKOJibKO BHL(OB COpeB-
IIOBaHHH. HanpHMep, 3TO aBTOpaJIJJH, KOfL(a CIIOpTCMeiibl 3a HeCKOJihKO L(HeH OJJ,OJJeBaiOT MapwpyT L(JIHI-lOM B ThJC51L£11 KHJIOMeTpOB. 3TO 11 3ae3L(bl Ha ycraHOB-
JJeHHe a6COJ1!0Tll0f0 peKOpJJ,a CKOpOCTH no ~ lHY BbiCOXlliiiX COJI51HblX 03ep. 3TO 11 CyTOLJ:Ilbie 3ae3ll,bl Ha aBTOL\pOMaX, KOrJJ,a KOMaH.ll,a 3a 24 LJ:aca crapaeTc51 HpOCXaTb MaKCHMaJibi-!Oe KOJTWieCT-
BO KHJIOMeTpOB. J1 3TO COpeBIIOBaJLH51 <i<DOpMyJJbl~ 11 11Hb!X ,fOHOLJJ-fbiX aB-
TOM061UJeH 11a Cf!eUHaJIII3llpOBallllbiX 3aMKHYTbiX as-r01∙paccax ... B Me)KAyHapOJJ.HbJX paJTJJH pocntftCI<He CHOpTCMCHbl pcrymipllO yLJaCTBYIOT (uanpHMep, KOMairJJ,a <~YcrreHCKilM PaJJ-
JIH TexHYIKa~) 11, KaK y)](e roBopHJJOCb, jlOCTHfaiOT XOpOW 11X pe3yJihTaTOB. L(o a6cOJIIOTHbJX )](e peKOpL\OB CKOpO-
cnt HaM IIOKa JJ,aJJeKO, nOCKOJlbKY lleT COOTBeTCTBYIOlllHX 60JJI1L(OB; nOKa HL\YT TOJibKO pa3fOBOpbl 06 11X B03MO)](ll0M npoeKT11pOBaHHH. [OJJKH 11a HaWHX aBTOL(pOMaX BpeM51 OT BpeMeHH npOBOA5ITC51, HO -
JIHlllb c HCTIOJJh30BaiJHCM KY30BHhrx aBTOM0-
6HJJeit J1 3TO, KaK rrpaBHJIO, MOtllfcj:>Jr-
UHpOBaHHbie rpa)KjlaJICKHC MaWllllbl. Ho Bepll!HHOH HallHOHaJibHOro aa-
TocnopTa BO BCeM MHpe 5I BJI5IIOTC5I <<cj:>OpMyJTbHbte~ fOIIKH Ha ypOBile per-
JJaMCH'ra <i<DOpMyJTa 3>>. J1Mellll0 3TH fOHKI1 JJ,aiOT fl yTeB Ky J\1 OJTOAbl M n HJIOTai\I B JIYLJWHe MHpOBhie cep1111. CdiL£ac co6cTBeH HOM <~cpopMyiihHOH~ ccpYIYI B PoccHH HeT. J1 BOT B 2011 f. rpynrra OTeLJ:eCTBel!llblX npcJJ,npHHHMaTeJJei1 3HTY3HaCTOB aBTOCI10pTa HHY!UHHpOBaJia C03JJ,aHI1e TIOJIHOUCHHOH <<cj:>OpMyJJhHOih MOIIOCe-
p11 11, T.e. CepHY! fOJ IOK C 11CilOJib30BaiiH-
eM H)l,eHTHLJ:HblX MeJKtLy co6oi1 60JIH.ll,OB. TexHMKa-t.tonoAii>KM II #93711 OKTR6p• 2011 I1p11 ::JTOM 6hiJIO y'rreiJO Mlloroe. Bo-11epBhiX, caM MOMeHT -B 11peAABe-
p1111 fpaH-I1pH PoccHH-2014 110 «<Dop-
MyJie 1» 11 cocmHCKOH 0miMI1MaAhl. HaJII1U,O 6Jiaro11pHHTH35! 110JIHTWJec-
Ka51 11 MeAHHHM CMTyaUH51. BnoJJHe OYeBHAHhl B03MO:>KHOCTYJ OpraH H3aUHH Ha ::JTOM ¢oHe e:>KeroAHOro o6mepoc-
CHi1cKoro l.£eMnJ10HaTa «110AJJ:ep:>KKM>> B 2012-M l1 2013-M Ha 6a3e CBOeM, OTe-
YeCTBeHHOM «¢opMyJihHOMi> cep1111. 3TO 1103BOJIMJIO 6b! peUIHTh UeJih!M p51A 3aAaY: noAroTOBMTh co6CTBeHHhiX <<¢0pMyJJblihiXi> 11l1JlOTOB; AaTh He3aMe-
HI1MblM 011h!T CBOMM pocorikKHM CYAh-
51M, MapwaJiaM, MeXaHHKaM l1 111-!:>KeHe-
paM, BCeMy 11epCOHaJIY lla,l(JJ:OKa; C03AaTh C06CTBeHHYIO fOHOYHYIO WKO.lly l1 T.A. l1Ae51 TYT TaKM. Mhr AOJI:>KHbl Ha6paTb KOMaHAY l.£eJIOBeK B 15-20 11epc11eKTI1B-
Iib!X MOJIOAhiX CllOpTCMeHOB 11 AaTb 11M B03MO:>KHocTb n po51B11Th ce6H. IT pHl.£eM eCTh TaK35! TOHKOCTh. I0HOllll1 B B03-
paCTe 16-18 JieT 11pOAOJJ:>KaiOT aKTI1BHO pacTH, 1Ia611paTh Bee. A Macca 11HJIOTa B aBTOroiJKaX, 110:>KaJJyi1, CTOJib :>Ke Ba:>K-
Ha, KaK Bee :>KOKeH Ha cKaYKax. TaKHM www.technicamolodezhi.ru > rexHIAKa lA cnopr TexHH'IeCKHe xapaKTBPHCTHKH lllaccH: Tatuus FA010, KOMIT03HTHhLi1 Kap6oHOBbiK MOHOKOK, oMonoraU,HH 6e3onacHOCTI-1 FIA F.3 2010 r . .Ll:BHraTeJih: FPT 414TF 6JioK, o6beM 1400 cM
3 Typ6o, MOlllHOCTb-180 JI.C., TpaHCMHCCHH: SADEV ceKBeHTaJibHa51 wecTMCKopocTHa51 Kopo6Ka nepeAaY; ,li,HcpcpepeHIIMaJihHM LSD TopMoaa: AP <J:eThipexrropwHeBbiC cynnopTa, seHTHJIHpyeMhie ,li,HCKH-TOpM03HbiC KOJIO,li,KI-1 FERODO TorrJIHBo,6eHao6aK: PREMIER FIA FT3, 45 JI .lJ:HCKH: ATS nepeLtHHe 9x13", 3at(Hf1e 10,5x13"-
aJ1JOM11HI1CBbiC, MOHOf3HKa liiHHbi: rrcpew∙me 180j550R13, 3a,li,HHe 240/570R13, fa6apHTbi: KOJieCIIa51 6a3a: 2650 MM nepe,li,H>IH KOJICH: 1490 MM 33,li,H5!5! KOJ1C5!: 1455 MM Bee: 450 Kr o6pa30M, MaJihYMWKa, KOTOph!M Ha 10 Kf Jierl.£e CBOMX CBepCTHMKOB, MO:>KeT 110Ha<J:aJiy 3a11pocro o6roHHTb 11x Ha Tpacce, HMC51 npeHMYLL(eCTBO llpHMep-
HO 0,3-0,4 c 11a Kpyre. Bcex 11HJLOTOB Mbl 6yt(eM t(OBeWHBaTb ,li,O CTaH,ll,apTHbiX 7 5 Kf, cno6b! 110H51Tb -
KTO TaJiaHT, a KTO 11p0CTO Jieri<OBeC. -
H 6 J<aKOM cocmo.Ruuu 3ma 3ame.R ua cewau.RUJitUU aelib? -
CAeJiaH KBaJIH¢MUHpoBaHHhii1 o6-
3op BCero «¢0pMyJihHOrO>> 011hiTa B PoccMH, Yl.£HThiBaH poccHi1cKyJO <<cPOpMyJIY 3» (1997-2002, 2008), <<<DopMyJiy 1600», <<<DopMyJiy LADA>> (2003-2007) <<<DOpMyJiy PyCh>> (2002-
2007) ... IToHCHIO: B PoccMH 11pOBOAMJIMCh ABa TMI1a «<POPMYJihHhiX» cep11i1. B 11epBoi1 H3 HMX l1CI10Jih30BaJIMCh waCCH, 110A-
fOTOBJieHHhie 110 Tpe6oBaHJ15IM <<cPOp-
MYJihl E» ( <<<DopMyJJa Pycb» ), BTOpbiM Tl11lOM 51BJ151JII1Cb WaCO! «cPOpMyJJbl3i>, I-ta KOTOpble ycTaHaBJIMBaJIHCh pa3J-Ib!e ,li,BHraTeJIM, 06beMOM 1600 l1 2000 CM
2
. Mawmra 110 «<DopMyJie Pych>> 11poeK-
n1posanach KaK <<¢opMyJia>> HaciaJih-
HOfO ypoBJ-151 ,li,JUI 110L(fOTOBKH HaYHHa-
IOJUMX 11 MOJJOJJ:blX roHU~HKOB. CepHH HBJIHJiaCh MOHOKJlaCCOM -
K [OllKaM L(011YCKaJIHCh TOJihKO aBTOM06HJII1 OtJ-
HO}l MapKH. B l.£eMI1HOHaTe 110 «<Dop-
Myne Pych>> o6cJiy:>KHBaHHe 11 p∙eMOHT MaWHH np0113BOL(l1JIHCh TOJihKO opra-
H!13aTOpOM, y BCeX 11l1JIOTOB HaCTpOHKM MawH H bl Ha roH KY 6biJIH MAeHTMl.£HhL ITapanJieJibHO npoBo t~ MJIHC h <J:eMI1MOHa-
Thi Ha WaCCH «cPOpMyJibl 3», Ha KOTOpb!X 113Hal.£aJihHO HCI10Jib30BaJII1Cb 3apy6e:>K-
Hhle MOTOphl, 1103L(l!ee 3aMeHeHHb!C Ha npoayKuiiJO ABToBA3a. B 2008 r. B lleM-
11110HaTe PocciiH Yl.£aCTBOBaJIH KaK 6oJIH-
tlhi <<cPOpMyJibl 3» C HeMIIOfO <<33JiyWeH-
Hh!Mi> tJBHfaTeJieM MeHbWeH MbJUHOCTM, TaK 11 6oJJHJJ:bl c tiBHraTeJJeM Lada 1600. -
KaKOBbt nJLJOCbt u MUHYCbt poccuucKux cjJopMyJtbHbtx cepuu? -
«<DopMyJJa 1600» I «<DopMyJia 3>>. Ha 11pOTH:>KeHHH cBoei1 HCTop1111 ::JTa cep115I HBJIHJiaCh CaMOH TeXHHcJeCKH npoABHHYTOH roHOYHOH cepiiei1 B Poc-
CIIH. 0Ha np 11 BJI eKaJia 3 HTY3HaCTOB II CI1011COpOB. lloC"IOMI-lblC TCXHIIl.£eCKHe XapaKTepHCTHKH 1103BOJI5IJIH yl.£aCTBO-
31 rexHr.tKa r.t cnopr I .DHP8MHA8 <<IDOPMYB>> ~ 1~~ --~~-
~ . .._.... .. -
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ TeXHHKa 1.1 CnOpT . Tenepb c <<PoccHei>> TeXHIItKa 111 cnopT saBllli1M s cep1111 crropTcMeJraM nepexo-
.U11Tb B Me:>K,UyJ-rapO,UHbie <JeMITYJOHaTbl 6e3 oco6biX npo6JieM. O.uHaKo TeXIIHYeCKaJI CJIO)KHOCTb 6o-
JIH.UOB cep1111 He ri03BOJI5IJia CJia6biM KOMaH,UaM 6opOTbC51 3a rtpH30Bble MeC-
Ta. oOJiblllHe 61o,U:>KeTbl, Heo6xo.UHMbJe ,UJI5l rro6e.u, rtpH BeJIVI B 11TOfe K OTTOKy cnoHcopos, KOTOphre He noJiyYaJII1 co-
nocTaBI1MOi1 C BJIO)!{eHH5IMYJ peKJiaM-
HOi1 OT.UaYH. IIoCJte ce3o11a 2008 r. KOMan.ua «Meracj:JoH MOTopcnopT>>, no6e,UI1B B KOMaH,UHOM 3a Y.eTe, CBep-
HyJia CBOIO cpOpMyJibHYJO nporpaMMy, a <<ApTJiai1H I1H)!{Yffl11p111Ln TI pO,UOJI:>KH-
Jia CBOI1 BbiCTynJieHI15l TOJibKO B YeM-
rtHOHaTe fepMaJIHH B KJiacce «Tpocp11
>>. B CB513H c 3THM na CTapTosoi1 pellleTKe He Ha6paJIOCb II eo6XO,U11M0f0 KOJII1YeCT-
Ba 60JII1,1.\0B. «<DopMyJia Pycb>>-TeXHHYeCKI1 rrpoc-
TOi111 ,UellleBbli1 KJiacc, rtpHBJJeKaBlllHH Ha CTapT 60JlblllOC KOJIHY.eCTBO ITHJIO-
TOB, 6Jiaro.uap51 ,UOCTYriHOCTH yYaCTH5l. 0Ha TaK)!{e 51BJl51JlaCb HeiTJJOXOH nep-
BOi1 CTyneHblO JlOCJJe KapHIHfa ,UJ!51 MO-
JIO,UbiX crropTCMCHOB. HenpHXOTJIHBaJI B 06CJIY:>KHBaH HYI Malll!1IIa J103BOJI5IJia opraJm3aTopy caMOCT05ITeJibHO rrposo-
.UI!Tb pa6oTy C 60JIH,UaMJ1 CHJiaMH He-
MHOf0'!11CJieHJlOH 6p11ra,Ubl MeXaHHKOB. O.uHaKo 6oJihlllHe pacxo,UbJ Ha co.uep-
:>KaJme co6CTBeJinoro npOH3BO.UCTBa 51BJ.1Jli1Cb OT5lfOil1aiOil1HM cpaKTOpOM 34 B MOMeHT naJJ.eHH51 TIOTiyJIRpHOCTYJ Ce-
pV!H. .l(onoJIHHTeJibHbiM OTPHUaTeJib-
HblM cj:JaKTopoM 6bTJIO OTcyTCTB~Ie s P<D B 3
TO BpeM51 ,UOCTaTOY.HOrO KOJIHYeCTBa rOHOYHbiX TpaCC. HbJHe HaMH TWaTeJibHO Bbi6paH on-
THMaJibHbli1 no seeM rrapaMeTpaM 6o-
JIH.U. IIp11 Bhr6ope ero, KpoMe 6oJIH.UOB Tatuus FA010, TaK)Ke paccMaTpHBaJIHCb <<<l>OPMYJia 13MB>>, <<<Dopi\iYJia Pe110 2.0-
2000 n, «<DopMyJia PeHo 2.0-2010 r.>>. «<l>OpMyJia-13MB
>> 5IBJI5IJiaCb 0,1.\II~IM 113 XOpOlllHX BapHatJTOB, flO TIO llpHYHHe npeKpail1eHI151 ee npOI13BO,UCTBa H HO-
Bbl WeHI151 npOH3BO,UHTeJieM ( cp11pMOi1 Mygale) B cj)espaJie 2011 r. CTOHMOCTH 3anYaCTeti Ha 42% nepecTaJia 51BJI5ITbC5l a,l.\eKBaTIIOH flO COOTHOllleHHIO rreHaj Ka<recTso. KpoMe Toro, 6omr.u «<Dop-
MYJJa EMB1> 6bJJJ pa3pa60TaH s 2002 r. I~ K HaCT05lil1eMy MOMeHTY MOpaJibHO ycnpcJI. MauJHHbl <<<DopMyJia PeHo 2.0-2000 r.1> TaK:>Ke BbJnaJI J.1 H3 Y HCJia B03MO)J(HbiX ITO npwY 11 He npeKpail1eH115l 11x cepvdhwro np0113BO,UCTBa, a TaK:>Ke MOpaJibHOfO I1 TeXH I~LJ eCKOfO ycTapeBall1151 3TOH M0-
,1.\eJIH. 0THOCHTeJibHO <<PeHO 2.0-2010 f.>> 6b!JII1 HaYaTbl aKTHBHbre neperosopbr c Renault Sport Technology, 110 aa .uaH-
HOM 3Tane KOMnaHH5l RST o6o5IBHJia o csoei1: HeroTOBHOCTH nocrpo11Tb He-
o6xo,UMMOe LJHCJIO 6oJIH.UOB I< 2012 r. B 11Tore opraHH3aTOpbr cepHH <<<Dop-
MyJra Pocc.H5li.> OCTaHOBI1JIH csoi1: Bbl6op Ha cepH}u-roM 6omr.uc Tatuus FA010 -
113-3a HaHJiy<rruero cooTHOllleHTIR ueHa/ KaYeCTBO. .l(ocrHrHyTo corJialllemre c. pyKoso.u-
CTBOM cj:JHpMbl Tatuus o B03MO/KHOCTH a.uallTauvm MOTopa LADA 1600 Turbo ( no.uroTOBKH << ToprMallli.>) MOWllOCTbJO 200 JI.c. K HosetimeMy waccH Tatuus FA012 (Mo,UeJJb 2012 r.), YTO no3BOJII1T CHH3YJTb UeHy 60JIH,Ua 11 npHBeCTH ero B COOTBeTCTBHe C 110CJie,I.\H11MI1' TCI!,UCH-
UH51MI1, onpe.ueJ151eMbiMI1 FlA. A.uanTa-
UH51 6y.ueT npoV!3se.ueHa nocJie npc.uo-
CTaBJieHI15! s Tatuus caMoro MOTopa. lllacc11 Tatuus FA010 cnpoeKTHposalro HTaJih5lHCKoi1: cj:JwpMoi1 Tatuus, H3BeCT-
IIOi1 UCJibiM p5I,UOM y.UaY.HblX MaLU111l,UJI5l se.uywHx M11pOBbiX cep11w. IIpe)!{H5l5l 11x pa3pa6oTKa -
<<<DopMyJia Peno 2.0>> -6b1Jla np0113Be,UeHa B KOJIHYeCT-
BC 6o1ree 1000 3K3CMITJI5Ipos. ManmHa Tatuus FA010 coOTseTcTsyh Tpe6osa-
HI151 M 6e30TiaCJ I OCTH, rrpe,Ub5IBJI51eM bl M K 6omr.uaM <<<DopMyJihi 31>. <l>HpMa Tatuus c OKT516p5! 2011 r. ro-
TOBa flOCTaBJI5ITb JlOBeHlllYIO MO,UeJib FA012, KoTopa5! 11MeeT HOBbii\ 6oJiee 3cpcpeKHIBHblH a3pO,UHHaMHYeCKllll na-
KeT: .UBOHHOH aMOpTH3aTOp nepe.uHej;'l no.usecKH B3aMell MonoaMopnr3aTopa y 10-i1 MO.UeJIH; YJIY'!lllemre 6e3onac-
HOCTH 3a ccJeT llaJIHYI15l Kpalll-60KCa rexHHKa-i.4onoAii>KH 11 #93711 OKTA6pb 2011 • B KpenJJeiiJ1JJ 3aL\Hero aHTHKpbrJJa 11 p.HL( L\pymx L\OCTOHIICTB. 3aKynJJellbl nse nepsbre MaUJHJJbl o6pa3ua 2011 r., rpy30BHK Texnol(-
nepJKKH, o6opynosaHHe TeXJJwrecJwi1 6a3bi, 11a6pa11a KOMaHna cnet(HaJJ He-
TOE. 3aKJilOYeHbl KOliTpaKTbl C 3apy-
6eJKilbiMI1 TeXHHYeCKHMH napTHepaMJ1 Ha noCTaBKJ1 no cneuueJtaM o6opy-
L\OBaiiJ1.H H 3anacH biX Y:aCTei1. IIonro-
TOBJJell IIJJaH ycJaCTJI.H CIIOj)TCMeHOB H TeXIIIIKII B j).HL\e IIOKa3aTeJibHblX Bbl-
CTYIIJJelllll';j L\JJ.H npHBJieY:eHH5l ny6JJI1-
KH II CfiOIICOj)OB. Ho 6e3 rocynapcTBeHHo}r rronnepJKKI1 HaM, KOI-leciiiO, He 060HTHCb. H MeH.H panyeT, YTO npoeKT 3aMeYCH "' OL\06peH 11a CaMOM BbiCOKOM ypOBlle. B KoopL\11HauuoHHblH coBeT npoeKTa B KaYeCTBe conpencenaTeJiei1 BOUJJJH ne
pBbli1 3aMcCTHTeJJb npencenaTeJJ.H Co BeTa <Denepau11"' <DenepaiibHoro Co6pamt51 P<D AJJcKcaHL\P Topwm1 11 npenceL(aTeJJ b BepXlleH flaJiaTbl poc-
C1111CKOfO napJtaMewra nepBoro C03biBa BJJaL\HJ\Hlp lllyMei1Ko. Hx IIOMOIUb 11 llOL(L\epJKKa, 11e II060IOCb rpOMKOfO CJJO-
Ba, HeOUelii1Mbi. B paMKax cpeCTHBaJI5l <<<DopMyJJa CocJ~P> C IIpOeKTOM 6bJJI 03HaKOMJJell 3aMeC-
TI1TeJJb npencenaTeJI.H IIpaBHTeJJbCTBa P<D )lM11TpHi1 K03aK, YTO noJIOJKI1JJO HaY:
aJIO pa3pa60TKe nporpaMMbT COB-
MeC
TII b!X L(eMCTBI1H. YBIIL\eJII1 11aum 6oJJHL\bi Bo BpeM.H on-
Horo 113 llOJ<a30B 11 rtpO.HBHJIH HellOL(-
L\eJJbHbJ}J 11HTepec K npoeKTY B l.(eJJOM noMOUlli11K IIpe3HL\eHTa P<D ApKaL\HH )lBopKOBHY, BHue-npeMhep IIpaBH-
TeJJbCTBa AJJeKcaHL\P )KyKoB. TaK)f(e oYeHh BaJKHYIO opraiiH3aUHOH-
HYJO IIOJ\IOUlh HaM OKa3biBaloT cOTPYk HHKH PoccHJ1cKoif aBTOM0611JJ biJOM cpe
nepau11H so rJiaBe c 3aMMHH11CTpa MB)l, npe3HL\eHTOM PA<D BHKTOpOM K11pb51110BbJM. XoLJy nonclepKIIYTh, Y:TO npoer<T cnoco-
6ell BlleCTH CBOH OpraHH3aUHOHHbJH, KaL\pOBblH 11 HIIOi1: BKJiaL( B flOL\fOTOBKY fpau-Ilp11 «<DopMyJihi h 2014 r. IIpo-
eKT couuaJJbiiO 3HaY:HMbiH. OH co3naeT ycJJOBI151 L\JJ51 poCTa TbiC.HYaM MOJJO-
L\bJX CIIOj)TCMeiiOB. 3TO KaTaJJI13aTOp 11 TpaMnJJHIJ, KY3I∙mua HaUJHX Kanpos "' HaL(eJKna Ha nporpecc B 3TOH o6JiaCTH. -
Kozaa 3a PYllBM 6oJtuaa cuaum MOJlO-
aou 20p51.'1UU napertb, rte UMelOU{UU ell{e Joc
mamO!Jll020 Onbtma BOJICJeHUR, Bbl-
www.technicamolodezhi.ru > JepJ!CKU U m.J., rtaBepuoe, BblCOK pUCK pa36umbca. He u ty~Jauuo JW20Bapu-
BaJom, 'imo cmoww 6bt 6oJtuJbt ocuac-
mumb, rtanpUMep, cucmeMou KamanyJtb-
mupoBartua ... -
)la, aBapH11 I-ta Tpacce CJJycJaJOTC.H npaKTHYeCKH Ha KaJKL\OM 3Tane rOl-IOK. Ho 6bJOTC51, 3aMeThTe, np e~ JM ywecT ­
BeJIIJO 60JIHL\bl, 1-!0 He rOHIL(I1KH. )leJJO B TOM, '-ITO KaJKL(a5! fOl-JOLJJla5! MaWHJ-Ja cnpoeKTHposaHa c 6oJJhJJJHM yMOM H BbrcoKoi1 cTerreHbro HaneJKJJOCTH. CaM flHJIOT IIOMewaeTC51 B TaK J-Ja3hiBaeMOM MOHOKOKC -
npOYl!eHUJCH o60JIOY:Ke H3 yrJieiiJiaCTH Ka, BOKpyr KOTOj)OH Ha-
BeWHBaiOTC.H BCe OCTaJJbllblC 3JieMeHTbi KOHCTPYKUHH -
KOJieCa, MOTOp, CllOH-
Jiepbl 11 T.L\. flp11 3TOM craCTb KOI-ICTpyKJl~ l ~l ClleUH-
aJibllO C03L(aeTC.H 113 MaTepl∙laJJOB, KOTO-
pble llj)H CTOJIKHOBeHHJ-1 6epyT Ha ce651 31Lepr11IO ynapa, raC51T ee. CaM JKe IIH-
JTOT L\OIIOJJHHTeJJbHO OL(eT B 3aJJli1THblH KOCTIOM H WJieM, HaL(eJKIIO llj)HCTCrHyT, TaK YTO L\JI5! Hero j)HCK llOCTpaL(aTb llj)H CTOJli(l-IOBeHHH, CXOL(e C TpaCCbl CBeL(eH KMHHHMyMy. l.:£TO JKC KacaeTOI KaTanyJJbTHj)OBaHH5l, TO, HaCKOJibKO Mile 113BeCTILO, Te JKe JICTY:HKH OY:CHb He JJI0651T 3TO L(eJiaTb. CJJHWKOM BeJJH.J<H Heperpy3KH, pHCK fiOBj)CL\HTb ce6e '-!TO-JJH60 npH BbiCTpe-
JJHBaHI111 C06CTBeiiJ-LOI1 nepCOHbl H3 Ka-
6111-lbl. Ho B B03L\yxe HHac1c cnacTHCb J-JeJJ b351, BOT H 11j)I1XOL\l1TC51 113 L\BYX 30JT Bbi6HpaTb MeHbWee ... -
Jf.oBoJuJtoCb CllbtULamb, 'imo nwtambl 6oJtuJoB uMeJOm cKa3otmbte 3apn;tambt. TaKJtU 3mo? -3apnJJaTbl KaK TaKOBOH y HHX Yall.(e scero HeT. KaJKL\biH nHJJOT npHXOL\HT B rOJ-JKH CO CBOMM 6IOL(JKeTOM. To eCTb IIpeL(BapHTeJJbHO OH CaM 11JIH ero Me-
HeL(JKep L\OJJJKeH co6paTb 3a ccreT CIIOH-
COj)CKHX nocrynJieJ-111H JleKyJO CYMMY 11a TeKyll.(He paCXOL\bl -
TOrJJil-IBO, pe-
MOl-IT MaWHJ-1, 06C J I YJK~JBa lll1 e H T.L\. 3a KaJKL\YLO r01-IKY, eCJJH fiHJIOT 3aHMeT L\OCfaTO'iHO BblCOKOe MeCTO H llOIIaL(eT B TaK Ha3biBaeMyto OYKOBYIO 30Hy, eMy Ha'iHCJJ.HIOTC51 OYKH. A 3a nonana1-me Ha fiOL\HyM, TO eCTb 3a nepBOe, BTOpOe H TpeTbe MeCTO B 3ae3L(e, MOryT fiOJTaraTb-
C51 e111e 11 L\OTIOJIHHTeJibJ-IbJe 60tiYCbl. EcJIH nJIIOCbi npeBbilllatoT MHr-tychr, TO IIHJIOT IIOJiyYaeT B03J Jarpa)lCL(ei-me, eCJIH HeT -
TO, TaK CKa3aTb, TOJibKO YL\OBOJibCTBHe. Cyn.H no naHHbiM CMH, rexHIIIKa 111 cnopr I HHTepHeTa, Haw TaJJaHTJTHBbiH rorr-
IUHK Br-ITaJm}t IleTpoB no upo3B11IUY «Bhr6oprcKM paKeTa>.> e311.HT noJ<a 6ec-
rJJianto. Xopowo, YTO 011 noMepJKH-
saeTC51 ABToBA3oM 11 Bhr6oprcKHM cynocrpoHTeJibllbiM 3aBOL\OM. H ero MeHeL(JKep 0KcaHa KocaLreHKO cTapaeT-
C51, t(o6bJBaeT neHhrH, KaK MO)KeT. A 11a Ce30H, MeJKL\Y npocmM, 6IOL(JKeT L\OJJJKeH COCTaBJI.HTb 11j)HMepHO 20 MJIH eBpO. TaK YTo 3To nocTaTOYHO noporoi1 BHL\ cnopTa, no 3aTpaTaM cpaBHHMbiH, Ha-
npHMep, C cpyT60JIOM. -
lf Bce-maKu Bbt 3mUM 3artuMaemecb. IIpu'ieM B cocmaBe ueKoMMep~JecKou, mo ecmb ue npwwcall{eu npu6bt!lu opwrtu-
3au,uu. 3a!JeM Jlce BaM Bee amo rtyJICJta? -
MoTHBOB JJCCKOJTbKO. Bo-nepBhiX, KaK Bb!COKO 6bl 3TO 1111 flj)03ByYaJJO, «3a L(epJKaBy 0611L\HO>.>: B CTpaHe eCTb COTilH TaJJal-tTJJHBblX MOJIOL\blX 11HJIOTOB, KOTO-
j)blM <<He Ha LJeM>> paCTH; eCTb MHJJJJII-
01-lbl mo6wreJre}t aBTocnopTa BbiCWHX L\OCTH/KemJ}J, 110 J-JeT COOTBeTCTBY I OU~HX COCT513aHH}t; eCTb OCTpa51 noTpe6HOCTb B pa3BHTHH OTecreCTBeHHbiX aBTOM0-
6HJibHblX TeXHOJIOfHH, HO .HeT Heo6xo-
L\HMOH « llJJOU~ali.KI1 >> ... Bo-BTOphrx, 51, KaK H BHTaJIHH IleTpoB, C IOHOCTH JTJ06HJT fl0f0H5!Tb Ha MaUJH-
HaX. TOJibKO, KOIIC'iHO, He Ha fOHO'il-lblX. XOT5! 11 ocJeHb XOTeJJOCb, HO y MeH51 Tarwi1 B03MQ)KIIOCTH He 6b!JIO. Tenepb IOHOCTb yJKe II03aL(J1, B f0Hll.(I1KI1 TOH )KC «<DOpMyJib!>.> 51 yJKe 11e fOJKYCb IIH no B03pacTy, HM no secy. Ho noLJeMy 6br TOrL(a lie C03L(aTb TaKyiO B03MO)I{JIOCTb LlPYfi1M ? B-TpeThHX, cci;fyac 51 Mory OTL\aTb 3TO-
MY npoeKTY BCe CBOH 3HaHH5l H 011biT, 3HeprHro 11 cnoco6HOCTH. Bcnh 3a speM51 IIOCJie yBOJJbHeJ-J H51 B 3anac C BOeHHOH cJiyJK6bi 5I B csoei;f npenrrpHHHMaTeJJb-
crww L(e51TeJTbi-TOCTH OCyiUeCTBHJI p5!L\ ycneWHb!X flj)OH3BOL\CTBeHHb!X IIpOeK-
TOB, Hapa60TaJl I-Ie06XOL\HMbie HaBbl KH H nonxonbr. Mory no3BOJIHTb ce6e He 3aL\yMhiBaThC51 o xJie6e nacyu'(noM, ue-
JIHKOM 3aH51TbC51 3T11M 60JibW11M npo-
eKTOM. )lJI51 Mell51 3TO OTJIHY:HblH nyTb L(aJibHeHWeH CaMopeaJJH3al.(HH. 3HaeTe, IIOCJie 40 xocJeTC51 CL(eJiaTb 'iTO-TO Tal<Oe, YTO 6yneT JKHTb He MeC5ll.( 11 He fOL\ ... CJJoBOM, 3TOT npoeKT -
yHHKaJihllbltt cnJiaB rocynapcTBeHHoro, o6ruecTBeH-
Horo H JIH'il-10[0 HIITepeCOB. -
Ocmaemat moJtbKO nOJICeJtamb BaM yJa!JU. TM 35 I no cnenaM MAKC-2011 V1ropb 50ELJV1H, f0p~ i1 EIOPOB, TaTbflHa HOBIOPO,QCKA5l «RaiiHep Me'ITI''"∙ Ero Macca CHHJKeHa Ha 45 r "o cpasHeHHIO c aHanorH'IHbiM CaMORi!TOM A330-200 -
C 180 T RO 135 T r
JI3BHOM <<Ocj)HUH3JibHOI1>> CeHC3IJ,H-
ei1. CaJio11a 2011 r. CTaJia JJ.eMoHc-
TpaUH51 npOTOTHII3 pOCCHMCKOro HCTpe6HTeJJ51 5-ro rroKOJieHH51 T -50. HeMHoro Menee <<KpyrrHOKamr6epHoi:r», HO TO)Ke BeCbM3 BeCOMO}i, CT3JI3 LJ,e-
MOHCTp3UH51 HOBbiX II3CC3)KHpCKHX M3-
WI1H -
He C3M0f0 60JibWOfO, I-10 OLfeHh LI,3JlbHero «J(p11MJI3MHepa» H O'IeHh ilaJihHero H caMoro 6oJihlllOro B MHpe A-380. Boeing 787 Dreamliner-
«Jla}b-rep MeL£-
ThJ» -
6hm snepsbre noKa3aH B CiliA B npOWJIOM fOll.y, B 3TOM ero 3KCIIOHH-
pOBaJIH B Jle Eyp)Ke, H BOT OH ll.OJieTeJr ll.O )KyKOBCKOfO. Ero BMCCTHMOCTb -
OT < \' 36 Ha Me>+<,qyHapo,qHoM asll1aKoCMII1YecKoM canoHe n06biBana nOYTII1 BC5=1 pe,qaKL.11115=1, 111 Ka>K,Qblil! BneYaTnll1nC5=1 YeM-TO CBOII1M. l.JT06bl He OCTaBns:!Tb 3TII1 BneYaTneHII15=1 CKpbiTbiMII1 OT Mll1pa, Mbl npo,qon.>+<II1M ny6nii1Kallll1111 o MAKCe-2011 . 210 L\0 350 ll3CC3)KHpOB, B 33BHCHMOCTH OT M0!1Hcj)HK3IJ,HH; a lJ.3JlbHOCTb IIOJICT3 B B3pH3HTe 787-9 rrpeBhlll13eT 16 TblC. KM. IIpasJJ.a, BH3HT 6hrJI rrpHCKop6rm KpaT-
KHM -He lJ.Q)KlJ.3BlllHCb JJ.HeM ll.OCTyna WHpOKOM rry6JIHKH, <<J(p11MJI3MHCp» yJieTeJI «no MeCTy nocT05111 HOM pa6o-
Thl». A )KaJib, set!b 011 l.faCTHLIHO Halll: rrpeJJ.-
craswreJI b <<DOHHra» B PoccHH ilOKJia-
ll.bJBaJJ, YTO 11ocosyro cracTh <<MeL£Thi» C THTaHOBbiM 1Ja60pOM, 06ll1HBKOM H JJ.e-
T3JL51MH 113 HCKyCCTBei-IHb!X M3TepHaJIOB LI,CJlaJT 11 rJOL!TI1 2 Tb!C. CrteiJ,HaJIHCTOB H3 MOCKOBCKOfO KOHCTpyKrOpCl<OfO 6ropo 3aOKeaHCKOf0 KOHU,epHa. Bee "03Hai!rcR s cpasHeHHH ... A-380 H «KpH-KpH»: CaMblii 60RbWOii H CaMb/H 3ReKTpH'IeCKHii J(syx3T3)KHhiM rHraHT A-380, nennue Airbus, -
caMhiM 6oJihlllOM cepHMHhiM 113CC3)KHpCl<HM C3MOJieT .B MHpe H IIOLf-
TH caMbri1 6oJihlllOM soo6ruc -Kpymree ero TOJibKO AH-225 <<MpH51», I-IO oHa ce-
rOJJ.H51 npCLI,CT3BJICH3 JIHlllb OJJ.HHM Jie-
TaLOLUHM 3K3eMII1151poM. BMeCTHMOCTh 6a3oBoro sapHai-JTa A-380 -525 nac-
ca)KHpos B C3JIOI-!3X Tpex KJiaCCOB HJIH 853 II3CC3)KHpa B Oi1HOKJiaCCOBOM KOH-
qmrypaU,HH. Jlai1.Hep MO)KeT nepe11ecn1 HX Ha paCCT051IJHe 15,4 TbiC. KM. IIocJie H05IBJieHH51 A-380 B )KyKosc-
KOM 33fOBOpHJIH, 'ITO, KyrtHB ero, MO)K-
I-10 6yJJ.CT riOKOHLfHTb C Tp3HCHOpTI-!blMH npo6JJeMaMH C11611pH 11 J(aJibHero Boc-
TOKa. A non KphrJIOM rHraHTa npmoTHJIC51 OlJ.liOMeCTllb!H CaMOJieTHK <<KpH-KpH» (CriCri, COBMeCTHa51 pa3pa6oTKa HC-
CKOJibKHX eBporreMCKHX cj)HpM ), Ka33B-
ll1HMC5I <<MOCbKOM>> P5Ill.OM co <lCJIOHOMi> A-380. Ero JJ.a)Ke He see 11 3aMeTHJIH -
B caJIOH 380-ro rrycKaJIH T6JihKO VIP-
rocTei1., H ll.OCTYH K MaJibilllY 6hiJI B03MO-
)Kel-l TOJI bKOTOrLI,a, KOrLI,arHr3HTOTIIp3B-
JI51JLC51 B LJ,eM 0 II CTp3UH 0 II II bl M ILOJJeT. Pa3Mepbr «KpH-Kpn» cpaBHHMbl c Ye-
JIOBeL£eCKHMH: Macca nyCToro caMOJie-
Ta 93 Kr, H3 J-IHX 26 Kf 11pHXOl!51TC51 113 aKKYMYJI5ITOpbi, pa3M3X KpbiJia 4,91 M. Ha KpewcepcKoM pe)KnMe oH MO)KeT Jie-
TeTh 30 MHI-! CO CKOpOCTbiO 120 KM/Lf, a npH HCIIOJIHeHHH BbiClllerO IIHJIOT3)K3 MPKC l/eHTpa HM. XpyHH'Iesa, see 'leTblpe paccMaTpHsaeMbiX sapHaHTa CO'IeTaHHR CTyneHeii, JlaiOUlHX CRellYIOUlHe rpy3onOJl'bi!MHOCTH (cnpasa Haneso): 1 8P6 + 1 68 -
20-21 T 2 8P6 + 1 68 -35 T 2 8P6 + 2 68 -46 T 2 8P6 + 3 68-60 T He YllHBnRiiTecb, 'ITO caMblii TRJKi!nblii sapHaHT KOpO'Ie 6onee ni!rKHX; nOCMOTpHTe Ha JlHaMeTp o6TeKaTenR none3HOii Harpy3KH ... era XBaTaeT Ha 15 MMH, 3aTO CKOpOCTb MO)l(eT AOCTHraTb 250 KM/lf. 3TO nep-
BbiM B l1CTOp1111 IIOJ!HOCTbiO 3JieKTpH-
'!eCKI1M '!eTblpeXMOTOpiibll~l CaMOJ!eT tl,JJH BbiCWCrO rii!JIOTa)l(a. TaK ROnJKeH BblrRRJleTb nHnOTHpyeMblii Kopa6nh -
HacneJlHHK 3acnyJKeHHb/X «C0/0308». JKJli!M TOrO C'laCTRHBOfO speMeHH, KOfJla OH BbiHJleT H3 «MaKeTHOH CTaJlHH» ... IIepeAOBbJe TexHonorMH, rro KOTOpbiM BblriOJJHeJ-l «KpH-KpH>>, BKJllO'!aTOT Jler-
KOBeCHbie KOMII0311THble KOI-ICTpyKL(H H, J
IIITHeBO-IIOJJMMepHbie aKKYMY JlHTOpbl C BbJCOKOi:f 3HeprOeMKOCTbiO H YeTblpe 6ecKOJJJJeKTOpHbiX ABHraTeJJ51, o6ecne-
Y 11 saJOll(lle LlBll)l(eHHe c ropa3ll,O 6onee 11113Kl1M ypOBHeM WyMa riO cpaBHeHHIO www.technicamolodezhi.ru > CeMeiicTso «COI030B-2» (t/10TO c caiiTa POCKOCMOCa) C TeiTJJOBbiMM MOTOpaMH. 11, KOHe'!HO, I-IMKaKoro C0
2
. ... IlOCKOJibKY MAKC ell(e H KOCMM-
L[CCKMM, Ha HeM iipell,CTaBHJIH H nep-
CIICKTMBHble cpell,CTBa f[Jl51 M3yYell H51 OI<OJio3eMHoro npoCTpaHCTBa. TaK, focynapcTBeHHblH Hay'!HO-rtpOH3BOll,-
CTBe!!HbJH uewrp MM. M.B. XpyHwresa snepBbte BbJCTaBHJI rrpoeKT MHoropa3o-
soi1 paKeTJIO-KOCMM'!eCI<OM CMCTeMbi -
MPKC, o KOTopoJ.i Mbi rronpo6Ho HarrH-
canM B N2 8 3a 3TOT ron. CMbiCJI CMCTe-
Mbi B TOM, '!TO 6JIOKI1 HH/KHeJ.i CTyneHH 6yL{yT OCHall(CHbi KpbiJib51M H, YT06bi CIIJiaHMpOBaTb Ha KOCMOll,pOM ll,Jl51 riO-
BTOpHOrO rtp¥!MeHeJHl51. MPKC npell,cTaBJJ5leT co6oi1 «KOH-
CTPYKTOp>>, cotJ,ep/Kall(HH scero ABe neTaJtH: uewrpa11 bll bl ~ ~ 6JJOK, t-ta3bl-
saeM biH 6JJOKOM BbiBetJ,eHMH (.6B), 11 MHoropa30Bhre 6noKM rrcpsoJ.i CTyrreHM (BP.6, B03BpauraCMbTe paKeTHble 6JIO-
KH ). Co611 pa51 11x B pa3JJH'!HbiX coLJe-
TaH 1151X B etJ,H HYIO CHCTeMy, ITOJJyYaJOT p5lA IIOCHTCJICH rpy30fiOA∙beM!!OCTblO OT 20 flO 60 T. A B caMapcKOM KOHCTpyKTopcKOM 6ropo «Ilporpecc» c03naroTCH par<eTbi-
HOCMTCJIM YBCJIM'!CHHOM rpy30IIOL{beM-
HOCTM, 11pC,li,J-Ia3HaYCHH ble ,li,JJ51 CTapTOB C KOCMO,ll,pOMa «BOCTO'-IIIbiH>>. ll.syxcrynewtaTa51 «COT03-2-1B>> cTa-
H
eT BblBO,li,HTb HC60JibWHC HCKyCCTBeJl-
HbiC Cr!YTIIHKH BCCOM 2,6-3 T. Ee HCITbl-
TaHMH !IaMC'!CHbl Ha 2011-2014 rr. 3a 3THM HOCHTCJICM B CeMCMCTBC CJJCAYIOT 6onee MOIUHbiC CXCMbi: «COI03-2-3» C '!CTblpbMH 60KOBbiMI1 6JIOKaMH 6y,li,CT ,li,OCTaBJJHTb Ha Op611Tbl 06bCKTbl MaC-
COM ,li,O 9,7 T, a <<COI03-2-3B» OCHaCT51T sepxueJ.i crynerrbJO c ABHraTeJJeM Ha KHCJJOpOL{I-IO-BO,li,OpO,li,HOM TOriJJMBC, ee f!OJIC3Ha5l Harpy3r<a ,li,OCTHrHCT 14 T. fB03AeM )l(C rrporpaMMbi PocKOCMoca CTaJJ MaKCT WCCTMMeCTHOJ.i r<a6HHbi HO-
BOfO pOCCMMCI<OfO KOCMM'!CCKOfO KO-
pa6JIH, rroKa3aHHbrJ.i na nJJoruanKe HII 0 BbiCT3BKH <<3HeprHH>>. TaKoJ.i Kopa6JJb MO)l(eT HC-
rrOJib30BaTbCH, B TOM '!HCJJe, B TYPHCTH-
'!CCKHX UCJJHX (ABa '!eJJOBCKa 3Kl1 na/K 11 '!CTbrpe KOCMM'!CCKMX TYPHCTa ). Ha cTenne HIIII <<3Be3,ll,a>> HM. aKa,ll,eM:HKa Cescpm-ra ACMOHCTpHposamr npenMe-
Tbl 3KHr!HpOBKI1 KOCMOHaBTOB, HanpH-
MCp I-IOBYIO MOAHqJHKal]HlO CKacpaH,ll,pa AJJH pa60TbJ B OTKpblTOM KOCMOCC <<0p-
Jlali MK» c BCTpoeHHbiM KOMIIbiOTepoM H yJJyYweHHbiMH xapar<TepHCTMKaMH: MHI-IHMaJlbHOC BpCM51 r!O,ll,fOTOBKH K BbiXO,ll,y B KOCMOC, B03MO/K~IOCTb CaMO-
CTOHTCJibHOfO O,li,CBaHMH I-I o6cJJy)l(HBa-
J-1115l Ha op611TC. B npecc-ueHTpe CaJJoHa rrporuJJa 3a-
Me'!aTeJJbHa5l BbiCTaBKa cpOTOpa6oT s cj.JopMaTe 3D KOCMor-raBTa Cepre51 KpHKaJresa, pcr<Op,ll,cMeHa 3eMJIH no CYMMapHOMY BpCMCHH rrpe6biBaHM5I B KOCMOCC. IloceTHTCJIH MOfJJH YBH,li,CTb KOCMHLJCCKHC KpaCOTbl C Op6HTbi Ha BbiCOTC 360 KM. TM «JKHsoii» cnycKaeMblii annapaT Kopa6nR «C0/03 TMA-13». 8 anpenR 2009 r. oH JlOCTasHn Ha 3eMn/O C MeJKJlyHapO/lHOH KOCMHiteCKOH CTaH/IHH KOCMOHaBTa t/JKA /OpHR flOH'IaKOBa, acTpoHasTa HACA MaiiKna tlJHHKa H ceJlbMoro KOCMH'IeCKOfO TYPHCTa 'lapnb3a CHMOHH. 8ne'lamReT pa3HH/Ia: cHapyJKH -cneJlbl orpoMHbiX cKopocTeii H TeMnepaTyp, o6ropeswaR TennoH30RR/IHR, npHpJKasesUJHii Kopnyc; BHYTPH-cnOKOiiHaR pa6o'laR 06CTaHOBKa: MRrKaR 06HBKa, JlHCnneH, opraHbl ynpasneHHR ... KaK 6yRTO He 6ywesana soKpyr Kopa6nR nna3Ma-TaKaR JKe, HanpHMep, KaK Ta, 8 KOTOpOH CropanH rHraHTCKHe BHeUJHHe TonnHBHbJe 6aKH waTmos 37 <( co 0 CL c:[ ::r:: <( ~ w ~ "' e Cl. "' (_) :s; <( co 0 CL e w "' :s; Cl. g ~ 0 e ynpasneHwe pwcKaMw 00BHTH'I8CK8R KBHMITOBOrHR XXI BeKa rnasHytO ponb s Mlllposolll noniiiTIIIKe s HbiHewHeM CTOneTIIIIII 6y,QeT lllrpaTb CTpeMIIITenbHO MeH5=110Ll..lllliiiC5=1 KniiiMaT, -ysepeH Haw asTop npocpeccop Bna,o.IIIMIIIP nOnEBAHOB. -
111 3TO BOBCe He OT,QaneHHble nepcneKTIIIBbl -
nepBble «KniiiMaTIII4eCKIIIe» soii!Hbl Y>J<e Ha4an111Cb. ronb(j)CTpiiiM -
neYKa MlllpOBOH '-'111BIIInlll33'-'llllll EcJJJ~ LJ eT KO n pe,llCTaBJI5ITb ce6e BCero ll Be Beum: .UOJIJiap CiliA -
BOBce He llOJIJiap CiliA, a llOJlllap LJ:acTHoif qmpMbi non Ha3saHHeM «<l>enepaJibHM Pe3epBHM CHcTeMa>.'> (<!>PC), a TaiOKe rp5I.uyruee B 6JJH)f(aHWHe rO,llbl KaTaCTpOcpHY:eCKOe yxy.uweHI1e KJIHMaTa nO o6e CTOpOHbl Cesep11oif AnraHTHKH, TO MO)f(J-IO 6c3 Tpy.ua pa3o6paTbC51 B K(l)KyrueMC51 HeBO-
o6pa3HMOM xaoce TaK Ha3biBaeMOM MM-
38 poso:H noJIHTHKI1. Xaoca-To oKa3biBaeT-
C5l 11eT! EcTh LJ:eTKae .uei1cTBI151 <!>PC no 6y.uyrueMy o6ycTpoikTBy TaK Ha3b1Bae-
Moro <<30JIOToro MHJIJu1ap.ua>.'> Ha rrJiaJ-re-
Te 3eMJI5I nOCJie pe3KOfO IIOXOJIO,llaHH51 B CiliA 11 3ana.uiiOM Espone. TenJihiM 11 csepxKoMcpopnrbrti KJJHMaT CiliA 11 3ana.uiwi1 Espomr ua 90% o6yCJIOBJieH OTeiiJI51101l(HM ,lleHCTBI1eM OKeaJLHLJeCKOfO TeLieiLI151 [OJJbcpCTp11M, MOUHIOCThiO 50 MJIH M
3 TeiiJIOH BO,llbl B CeKyH.llY (1015 K11JIOBaTT TeiiJIOBOH ::mepn1H), LJTO 3KBI1BaJieHTHO llO MOW.-
HOCTI1 O,llHOMY Ml1JIJII10HY aTOMHhlX 3JieKTpOCTaHU.HH. 3Ta <<TenJIOBM ,ll0-
6aBI<a>.'> Ha 8-1Q"C nOBhiiUaeT TeMne-
paTypy B Espone 11 CiliA, 11 .ua)!(e Ha 2° B MocKse! Cpe.uHero.uosM TeMnc-
pa-rypa pOCCHHCKOM CTOJIHU.bl +3,8°C. PacnoJIO)f(e
HHhl ti ropa3.uo cesepHee P
cii:Kb5IBHK nporpesaeTc5l 1 foJicpc-rpi t-
MOM .uo +SoC, B XeJJbCHHKH -B cpe.u-
HeM ,llO +6,8°C, B TO BpeM5I KaK B uaxo-
.ll5IW.eMC5l Ha TOM )f(e umpoTe 5IKyTcKe cpe.uuero.uosa5l TeMnepaTypa cocTaB-
JJ5leT -10,2°C. JlOH,llOH C [OJibcpCTpH-
MOM-+11°C, BopoHe)!( (6e3 foJJbcp-
cTp11Ma), 1-10 Ha TOM )!(e ru11poTe-+5° C. EepJIHH-
+10°C, a «O.llHOIUHponihi~L >> HosocH611pcK -
-0,2°C. 3a cLJ:eT 3To-
ro ypo)!(aM
HOCTh 3epHOBbLX KYJihTYP rexH•Ka-<AonoAih•• 11 #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 !':"∙ PHC.t. ronbf/ICTpltltl B MBJKRBRHHK B RBRHHKOBI>IH nepHOR B HCYCpH03eMHhiX fepMaJIHH, <Dparr-
U1111, BemiKo6p11TaHI1H, iliBCUHH, I1pnaHnHH. .. KOJJC6JICTC5I OT 60 no 85 ujra, a ypoJKaHHOCTh 'ICpH03eMHOH Yr<paHHhl -
J111Wh 24 u/ra, B He'Iep-
H03eMHoi1 PoccHH -12-15 u/ra. B EBpone 11 CiliA He 6hmaeT 3acyx 11 BCCCHHI1X MOp030B, YHWITO/KaiOI.U11X rroccBhJ, 11 11a ceronH5I CiliA c Ka1tanoi1 3KCnopnrpyiOT 100 MJIH T 3CpHOBbTX, a 3an
anHa51 Esporra 50 MJIH T B ron. TaM ypoJKaHHOCTb cen bX03 KY JihTYP JIHillb Ita 5% 3aBHCl1T OT KJIHMaTa (fOJihcpCT-
pHM!!!), Torna KaK y Hac-Ha 50%! En
aronaTHhJH Tennhri1 KJIHMaT H, KaK CnenCTBHC, OTCYTCTBHC IIpOMCp3aH 1151 liO'IBhi, li03BOJI5110T 3KOHOMHTh TPHJIJI 11-
OHbi nonnapOB Ha HHcppaCTpyr<Type 11 ee ::JKcnnyaTaU1111. BcrroMHHTC M HoroYHC-
www.technicamolodezhi.ru > JICHHhiC CUCHhi H3 fOJIJIHBynCKHX 60CBH-
KOB, rne Kar<oi1-HM6ynb P3M6o ynapoM KYJJaKa npo611saeT cTetty noMa! I1 3TO npasna! He HYIKHhT TaM TOJICThTe CTCHhl. Teruw. IIonpo6osaJI 6hr TOBapl11.U CHJih-
secTp CTannoHe npo6HTh cTeHy J∙ralllero noMa B 'ICThrpe KHpnwra!!! Ha 3TOM 3KOHOMHTCH rHraHTCr<oe r<o-
JIH'ICCTBO TOIIJIHBa (ra3a, HCcpTH, yrAA, 3JICKTp03HCprHH), CrpOHMaTCpHaJIOB, yTerrnHTenei1. He HYJKHO CTpOHTh MOI.l(-
Hhre TerrnoueHTpaJl11 11 TCDJIOTpaccbl. Ha-
cenerrHe B TenJLOM KJIHMaTe 3KOHOMHT Ha TeriJIO}I oneJKne, CMY HC HYIKHO IIHTaThC5l 6oJtee KaJIOpHIItiOH IIHI.l(CH, 'ITO IIp11XO-
nHTC5! nenaTh B YCJIOBI15IX 6onee XOJIOn-
HOro KJIHMaTa. B necHTKH pa3 nonhllle, 113-3a OTCYTCTBI15l y6HHCTBCHHhiX 11 MHorOKpaTHO IIOBTOp5II011(11HC51 3a ron rrpoueccoB rrpoMep3aHHH -
oTTaHBaHI15l, coxpar∙mroTCH,ll,Opom. I1 TaK ,ll,aJiee ... B UCJIOM, ronhcpCTpHM ,ll,JI5l EBpOIIhi H CiliA -
3To uapcKHi1 rro,ll,apor< 11x 3Ko-
HOMHr<aM 11 HX HaCCJICHHIO. TaK 6bi OHH 11 JKI1JIH ,ll,aJJhllle. Bee cxsaLJerro! ~acT­
HhiH ,ll,OJlJiap -
MHpOBM BaJIIOTa, TCII-
JlO, CMI1 IIOll KOHTponeM. Paccy)K,ll,ai1: ce6e 0 pa3BI1TOH ,ll,CMOKpaTI111, 0 rrpaBaX CfCJIOBCKa, p11cyi1 HYJJCBYIO 11HcpJU!U1110 (ce6e Jll06HMb1M), 6op11Cb C M11pOBblM TeppopH3MOM. Ho TYT cny'II1nach r<pyrr-
HOMaClliTa6HM HCIIp115ITHOCTb. <<L{ap-
MOBOH~ ronbcpCTpHM Ha'IaJI 6apaXJII1Th. H~KTO He xoTen 3aMep3aTb! KyxHH rrorO,ll,hi pacrrono)KeHa B CeBep-
HOH ATnaHTI1Ke H CeBepHOM Jle,ll,OBH-
TOM OKCaHe. POJib CI1CTCMhi OTOIIJ!CHI15I HrpaeT TeiiJIOC OKCaHH'ICCKOC TC'ICHHC [OnhcpCTpHM. Cei1L£ac B MC)KJIC,ll,HHKOBhe ( ronoueH) XOJ!O,ll,HOC 11 6oJree IIJ!OTHOC Jla6pa,ll,Op-
CKOC TClfCHI1C «TIOnHblp11 BaCT ~ llO,ll, Teii-
JlOC H 6onee nerr<oe TelfeHHe fonhcpCT-
pHM, He MClliM eMy o6orpeBaTb EBporry. 3aTCM Jla6pa,ll,OpCKOC TC'ICHHC <<Bb!Hbl-
pHBaCT» y 6eperoB I1crrai;II1H IIOll Ha-
3BaHHCM xono,ll,rroro Karrapcr<oro Tecre-
HHH, rrepecer<aeT ATnaHTHr<y, ,ll,OCTMraeT Kap116cr<oro MOpH, rrarpeBaeTC5I 11 no,n. Ha3BaHMCM fOJJbcpCTpHM 6ecnpen51T-
CTBCHHO yCTpeMJJ5IeTc5I o6paTHO K Ce-
Bepy. IInoTHOCTb Jia6panopcr<oro Telfe-
HH5I -
KJllOlfCBOH cpaKTOp 6narOflOJiy-
'II15l MMpa. He «napHHKOBhiH 3cpcpeKT>>, HC <<
030JIOBblC ,ll.blpb l ~, J-LC TCXHOrCHHM neRTCJJ bHOCTb YCJJOBClfCCTBa, a "HMCH-
HO llJLOTIJOCTb BO,ll Jla6pa,n.OpCI<Of0 TC'ICHHH o6ycnoBnHBaeT HbJHCilr HHH Terrnhri1 rrepuo,ll,. B rracT05IIl(ee speMH flJJOTHOCTb BOll Jia6pa,ll,OpCKOf0 TCLJC-
HI151 JJHlllb Ha OllHY ,ll,CC5ITYIO rrpOUCHTa BbiWC flJJOTHOCTH BO,ll. [OJibcpCTpHMa. Bcero 0,1% npeBbiWCHHR nnoTHOCTI1, l1 -naJI bMbl B JlOH,ll.OHC, IIJJ5I/KI1 IlaJib-
Mbi ,lle Mai1opKM, He3aMep3ai011(11e cpH-
op,ll,hi HopBerHI1H r<pyrnoronwrHM Ha-
BHrauHH B EapeHUCBOM Mope.l Kar< TOJJhKO Jia6pa,nopcr<oe Te'IeHHe CpaBH5ICTC5I ITO IIJIOTHOCTI1 C fOJibcp-
crpMMOM, OJ-10 nepecraHCT <<IIO,ll,HblpH-
BaTh>> HO,ll. fonbcpCTpHM, fiOZ(HHMCTC5! Ha IIOBCpXHOCTb OKCaHa 11 nepeKpOCT ,UBH-
/KCHHC fOJibcpCTpHMa Ha CCBep, npH'IeM MrHOBCHHO _ua)Ke no Mepr<aM LJenose-
'ICCKOH /KI13HH: 3-10 -
11 fonhcpCTpHM 6y,neT << OTKnrolfeH ~. Ben11r<M B3aHMO-
cBH3aHHM «BOCbMepr<a>> OKCaHJ1LJCCKI1X 39 • ynpasneHI.1e pt.1cKaMir1 TeY.eili1H (p11c.16) npeBpaTI1TC51 B ii,Ba KpyrOBb!X TeY.eHI151, XapaKTepllblX ii,JIH Jieii,II11KOBOro nep110il,a. foJibcpCTp11M Ha-
npaBHTCH K McnaHHI1 11 HaciHeT U,Hpi<y-
JIHpoBaTb llO MaJIOMY Kpyry, XOJIOii,HOe Jla6pai~,opcKoe TeY.eHI1e npopBeTcH B EB-
pony, KOTOpa.H TYT )Ke HaY.HeT 3aMep3aTb. 981 IS 40 IIpw-~:eM npouecc 6yi~,eT npei~,eJihHO pe3I<I1M 3-20 neT, LJTO nOATBep)Ki~,aeTCH npHMhTMH AaHHhiMH o npe)KHI1X noxo-
JIOAaHI1HX, flOJIYLieHHblMH llp11 6ype-
HHH JJbAa B fpeiiJiaHAl1l1. Te~mepaTypa B03Ayxa B EBpone 3a aTOT cpoK cTaHeT c11611pci<oi1:. /KHTh B EBpone, KaHaAe 11 I I I I MS I 477 I I I I 224 I I 367 I I I I AAr "" I ,II~AJ M\ I j324 769 \ I I I ""'785 I 472 I I I 1395 I I I ' I I lO -...... -L_7ac) ~ ~ ~ \ .......... __ 30 60 Miles I I { ~; 1!534 \ :1557 ·· ~ -"'! I I CiliA 6yAeT HeBhiHOCHMO, l{aK TOJJhKO cpa6oTaeT Jla6pai~,OpCKHi1 nepeKJIIOY.a-
TeJih. CeroAI∙IH B JlOHiJ.OHe TiaJihMhi, a y)Ke 3aBTpa OH HaY.HCT YTOTiaTh B CHery, MOp03bi AOCTHfHYT -40oC, 11 il,a)Ke ceBep-
Hbie oneHH OTKa)KYTCH TaM )KHTh. Pe3-
K11i1, Jieil,eHHIU,H}r XOJIOA -
3TO peaJibHa51 nepCHCKT!1Ba 6JJH)KaHWI1X JieT, KOTO-
pyto BCepbe3 o6Cy)Kil,aiOT. ,[(eJIO B TOM, Y.TO y)Ke ceHY.ac CHJia 3HMHero Tecrelrl1H foJihcpcrpHM K EBpone 3HaY.HTeJihHO oc-
na6eBaeT (110 HeKOTOpb!M il,aHHb!M-
Ha 30%). BepoHTHO, aHOMaJihHO xoJIOAHhJe 311Mb! nocJieAHHX neT B EBpone-
npH-
Moe CJieii,CTBHe aTOro. IIporrecc «HcY.e3HOBeHHH>> fonhcpcTpH-
Ma flOHil,eT HOJlllblM XOii,OM BO MI∙IOrOM 6JiafOil,apH KpynHOMaCIIITa6HOH aBapHH Ha HecpTH!IO}l 11JiaTcpOpME1 <<5pHTI1ill neTponHyM>>, npoH30ll!eii,IIIei1: 20 anpe-
JIH 2010 r. B Mci<CHI<aHcKOM 3aJIHBe. B HaY.aJie Ma.H 2010 r. IIpem-meHT CiliA 5apar< 06aMa m3BaJI npoHCXOiJ.5l.IU,ee B MeKCHKaHCKOM 3aJIHBe «TIOTeHU,HaJihHO 6ecnpeU,eil,ellTIIOH :7KOJIOfi1Y.eCI<OH Ka-
TaCTpOcpOH>>. B TOJIIU,e BOA Mer<CHKaH-
cr<oro 3aJIHBa o6Hapy)KeHhi TI5l.THa 11ecpTH ( Oii,HO 113 HMX AJI11HOH 16 KM TOJIIU,HHOH 90 M Ha rny611He AO 1300 M). TOXHKKa-t.tOnDAii>KK II #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 • OcraHOBHBUJHHCR 8 MeKCHKaHCKOM 3anHse ronht/ICTpHM. HHf/lpaKpacHaR C'hifMKa. H3o6paJKeHHe B3RTO H3 pa60T /lOKTOpa 3aHrapH 96W 9~W 90W 87W 84W 81W 30 N 27 N 24N 21 N 18N 96W 9~ w 90W 87W 84W 81 w Sea surface height (em) -30 -25 -20 -1 5 -1 0 -5 l{JI5l 60pb6bl C l!CcpT5!HblM11 fl5lTHaMH Ha ITOBepX110CT11 BO,Tlbl WI1pOKO 11Cfl0Jlb30∙ saJIIICb t~I · IcnepreHThi ceMeHCTBa Co rex it: Corexit 9500 11 Corexit 9527. 0KOJIO 9 M
JIH Jl KOpeKCI1Ta, a TaiOKe 6oJiee 10 MJ!H JI Apymx L\I1cnepraTOpos 6hmo Ao6as-
Jie!lo BP K MHJIJIHapAy miTpOB Cbipo:i:f HecpTil, KOTOpa5! BblJII1BaJiaCb B Te'-ICHI1e HeCKOJ!bKHX MeC5!UeB 113 CKBaJIU!Il bl, npo6ypeHHOH BP 11a t~He MeKCHKaiiCKO∙ ro 3aJIHBa. Enarol(ap51 3TOMy, KOHUepHy YAaJIOCb y )lep)[{aTb HecpTb Ha rJiy6m-Jc, cepbe3HO TeM CaMbiM yMeHhW11B pa3Me-
pbl cpetLepaJibHOro wTpacpa. www.technicamolodezhi.ru > 0 5 1 0 15 20 25 30 Ho oKa3aJIOCb, crTo pa3JIHB ItecpTH B McKCHKaHCKOM 3aJIHBe 11 Maccosoe npHMeHeHHe )lHCHepreiiTOB rlOBJ11151Jll1 Ha CKOpOCTb TC'-IeHH51 fOJibCpCTpHMa. ITo nocJie)lHHM cnyTHHKOBbiM )laH-
IIhiM, CeBepo∙ATJiaHTwrecKoe Te'-leHHe (fOJibcpCTp11M) B npe)!(JleM Bl1)le 60Jib∙ We He cyrueCTByeT, H BMeCTe C Hl1M 11C∙ cre3JIO 11 Hopse;KcKoe Tec!elll1C, 3TH t~Ba TeiTJJbiX Te'leHH51 BO,Tlbl Ira )leJJe 6bTJJI1 '-laCTbiO TOH )[{e CUCTeMhl, KOTOpa5! !1Me∙ eT HeCKOJJbKO Ha3BaHl1H, B 3aBHCUMOCTH OTToro, r)le B ArJrallTl1'-lecKoM OKeaHe HaXO)ll1TC51. 3Ta CHCTeMa llHPKYJJ51UHU ynpasneHHe pHCKaMH I BO)lbi B p51Lte MeeT y)!(e yMepJJa H YMH∙ paeT 11a tLpyrYix y'-laCTKax. IIepBbiM coo6wHJr y)!(e B asryCTe 2010 r. 06 OCTaHOBKe foJibcpCTpHMa t(OKTOp 3aHrapH, cp113HK∙TeopeTHK I1HCTWryTa l13 <!>pacKaTJ-I, KOTOpblH y)[{e HeCK OJ! bKO JJeT COTPYLlHH'-IaeT c rpynno:i:f ycieH biX, BCtlYIUHX MOHHTOpv!IIr B MeKCHKaH-
CKOM 3aJIHBe: << ... OrpOMHOe KOJJH'-IeCTBO HecpTH, ITOCT05111110 paCWI1p5!51Cb B o6∙bc-
Me, oxsaTbiBaeT TaKYie orpoMHbie o6Jiac-
TH, '-ITO OKa3biBaeT cepbe3!10e B03)lell∙ CTBHe 11a BCIO CHCTeMy TepMOperyJI51-
UHH flJJalleTbl, nyTCM pa3pyiiieHI151 rpa-
HJ1LJHbiX CJIOCB TC11JJ0f0 HOTOKa BO)lbL Ten;Iosoi1 KOHBC:i:fep B MeKCHKaHCKOM 3aJIHBe npeKpaTHJJ csoe cyruecTBOBa-
IIHe MeC51U Jla3at(, ITOCJJe)lHHe cnynur-
KOBble LtaH ll bte 5!CHO noKa3biBaiOT, cno CeBepo∙ATJJaHTH'leCKoro Te'-leHH5l B HaCT05lLUee BpeM51 HeT, 11 fOJJbcpCTpHM Ha'-IHHaeT pa36HBaTbC51 Ha '-laCTJ-1 B 250 KM OT Cesep~1oi1 KapoJJHHbL Tep-
MoraJIHHHa5l COCY)lHCTa5! Cl1CTeMa, f)lC TCITJJhre BOL\bl TeKyT '-1epe3 6oJtee npo-
xJJat(Hhre, oKa3bTBaTOT ropa 3t~O 6oJib-
WHi1 3cpcpCKT, ue TOJ!bKO !!a OKeau, JIO H Ha BepXHHe CJlOH aTMOCcpepbl, BbiCO-
TOH )10 CeMH M HJ! b. 0TCYTCTBHe 3TOrO 06bi'lHOrO 51BJJeHI151 B BOCTO'-IHOH '-laCTJ-1 CeBepHoi1 AniallTHKH HapywHJIO uop-
MaJibHbTH XO,Tl aTMOCcpepHbiX ITOTOKOB JleTOM 3TOrO I'O)la, B pe3yJJhTaTe '-lero o6pa30BaJIHCb HeCJlbiXaHHO BbiCOKHe TeMnepaTypbi B MocKBC ( t~o 40°C), 3acyx11 H I - r aBOt~HeHH51 B UeHTpaJJbHOH EspoHe, c Bb!COKHMH TeMnepaTypaMH BO MHOfHX CTpaHaX A3Hl1 l1 MaCCOBbTe HaBO)lHCHH51 B KHTac, IIaKHCTaHc H t~pyrHx CTpaHax A3l1H\>. ITo cnyTHHKOBhiM )lail!lhiM OT 22 asryc-
Ta 2010 r. BH)lHO, '-ITO Cpe,TlH515l TeMne-
paTypa BO)lbt ua cesepe foJJbcpcTpiiMa ynaJia Ha 10 rpat~ycos no UeJibCHIO no cpaBIIellHIO C )lOKaTaCTpOcpiiblM 2009 r. JleHTO'-IHbiH KOHBeMep pa36HJJC51 Ha OT-
IJ,eJlbHbie y'laCTKH 11 nepecTaJI rrepeHo-
CHTb K Espone TenJIYJO Bot~--}. l{oKTop 3aHrapH yTBep)[{ll,aCT: «0HH ( <<EpHTIIW lleTpOJieyM\>) y611JIH Kap,Tl110CTHMYJl5l∙ TOp MHposoro KJIHMaTa Ha rmaHeTe\>. Ha npHBOIJ,HMbiX HM cpasHHTeJibllbiX IJ,HarpaMMax TeMnepaTYPbl f!OBepXHOCTH BOL(bl 11 CKOpOCTH C"rpyti OKeai-Ia B MeK-
CHKaHCKOM 3aJIHBe )la)[{e HecneqHaJI~IC­
TaM BHWIO, LJTO B MeKCHKaHCKOM 3aJIHBe o6pa30BaJiaCb 3aKynopKa BHYTpelllll1X Te'-leJIHH, H LJTO Hacoc TenJJhrx BOll, follbcp∙ 41 ynpasneHII'Ie pll'lcKaMII'I 2009 2010 Pe3Koe naJleHHe reMneparypbt AmaHTHKH nocne Karacrpof/lbt 8 MeKCHKaHCKOM 3anHse CTp11M3 OCT3HOB11JIC51 B CaMOM HaY:aJie -
B MeKC11KaHCKOM 3aJI11Be. YY:eHhril yT-
Bep)IGI,aeT, LITO npo6JieMa ycyry611Tc.H OCeHblO Yl 3YIMOIO, KOrti,a fo.n bcj:lCTpYIM flOJIHOCTbiO YICLfe3HeT, Y1 HaLf HeT na,n,aTb TCMnepa:rypa B Espone 11 CesepHoj;'r AMc-
pHKe. }laBHO flOCLfHTaHO, YTO HCYe3HOBe-
H11e fo.nhcj:lCTpHMa npHse.a.eT K rra,n,eHmo cpe,ll.HefO,ll.OBOM TeMnepaTypbl KOHTHHeH-
Ta Ha 9 rpa,n,ycoB -EBpona npeBpaTHTCH B C11611pb. B crrpaBe,ll,JI11BOCT11 CJIOB 3aH-
rap11 HeCJIO:tKHO y6e,ll,l1ThC51. TaK B fepMaHH11 ,ll,Ba Mec.Hua rro,ll,p.H,ll, (B TeY:eH11e HOH6pH 11 ,ll,eKa6pH 2010 r.) COXp3H5IJIC51 CTa611JihHblll CHe:tKHblll TIOKpOB TOJIIl(HHOll OKOJIO 10 CM, crero He 6hiJIO y:>Ke MHOfO ,ll.CC5ITHJieT11ll, 11 CT05IJII1 He06hiY:HbJe ,ll,JI51 3Tl1X MeCT MO-
p03bl, ,ll.OXO,ll.5IWHe no tiOYaM ,ll.O -20°C. THnwrHbTX ,ll.JIH HaY:aJia 3l1Mhi OTTene-
.nei1 B npoll!JIOM ro,11,y rre 6hrJio. CHJib-
HeHll!He 3a TIOCJie,ll,HHe 100 JieT MOp03hi B .a.eKa6pe 2010 r. HaKphiJIH 11 AmJimo. J13-3a HeBH,ll,aHHhiX Hl13K11X TeMrre-
paTyp 6hiJil1 ,ll,a:>Ke 3aKpbiThi Ha BpeM51 o6a JlOH,ll,OHCKHX a3pOIIOpTa. Jle,ll,HHhie 311MH11e ,ll,O:>K,ll,H B MocKBe 11 o6JiacTH B 311MY 2010-2011 rr. 3TO TO:>Ke «IIpHBeT OT YMHparomero foJibcj:lcrpHMa>>. B 3arra,n,Hoi1 rrpecce no.H BHJI YICb .a.a:>Ke eTa-
ThY! 0 TOM, YTO HaYaBll!eeC51 TIOXOJIO,ll.aHHe y6beT ,ll.O .ll.BYX TpeTell creJIOBecrecTBa. B CB513H c 3THM Jiro6orrhiTHhi BhiCKa-
3biBaH H.H npe.a.ce.a.aTeJI.H npaBJieHHH OAO <<fa3npoM» AJieKce5l MHJIJiepa OT 11 Ma.H 2011 r.: «CeH:Y:ac ~ail, a o6beMhr 42 3KCr!OpTa <<fa3rrpOMa» upaKTHYeCKH CO-
OTBeTCTBYIOT 3YIMHYIM ypOBH5IM. 3MBKa 1-La CefO,ll.ll.H -
ILOYTH 500 MHJIJIHOHOB r<y-
6wJeCKHX MeTpOB>>. }la.nee MHJIJiep pa-
.a.ocnro Ita3BaJI J-LbJttew liYI i1 EsponeilcKHH pbiHOK ra3a «B3JieTeBllJHM ,ll.O He6ec» l1 yBepem-rocnpomo3HpOBaJI,ll.eKa6pbcKyro 2011 r. ueHy Ha ra3 B 500 ,rr,oJI-
JiapoB 3a 1000 M
3
, ,11,o6aB11B: << YBeperr, 3TO He nocJie,ll,HHH perwp,11, B 3TOM ro.a.y». B o6meM ,ll,OHrpaJIHCh! To, Y:TO ecTeCT-
BeHHhiM nyTeM (113-3a onpecHeH1151 Jla6-
pa,ll,opcrwro TeY:eHH51) MOfJIO CJIYYI-ITbC51 B TeYeHI-Ie 5-10 JieT, CJIY<J:11JIOCb cpa3y. fOJihcj:lCTp11Ma B npe:tKI-IeM B11,ll.e HeT. 0cj:lHl(11aJihHhre JI11Ua 11 ocj:l11U11aJihHhTe CMI1 nhrTaroTc.H 3aMoJr4aTh 3Ty, no-
HaCTO.Hil(eMy, CTpall!J ryro HOBOCTh, HO, 6Jiaro,ll,ap.H, l1r-ITepHeTy, JiOBOCTb rrpo-
ca•-mBaeTC.H. LfTo6hr yTOI111Th rrpas,rr,y o fOJihcj:lCTpHMe, B l1uTepr-reT s6pacbma-
IOTC51 ThiC51'-ll-I CTpall!HJIOK H ,ll,e3¥lHcj:lOp-
Mal(Hll 0 TOM, LITO KJIHM3T MO:>KeT H3Me-
HHThC51 OT «rpaB11TaU110HHhiX ny3btpei;i», OT <<CMell(eH1151 OC11 Bpall(ei-IH5l 3eMJJH», OT <<fHf3HTCK11X npOTy6epaHl(eB 11a CoJIHL(e», oT <<CMeHhT MarHHTHhrx noJiro-
coB 3eMJll1», oT «napmiKonoro :=Jcj:lcj:leK-
Ta», OT <<pa3pyureHH51 0301-lOBOfO CJI05I>>, OT «B3pb!BOB KaJib,ll.epbl cynepByJII<aHa B CiliA», a TaK:tKe OT npHMoro B03,ll.ei1:c-
TBH51 <1fJI06aJihi-IOfO TIOTeTIJiel-11151>> HJIH <<fJI06aJihHOf0 TIOXOJIO,ll.aJ-THH», KOTOpOe 5IK06hi CeHY:aC npOHCXO,ll,I-IT I1 T.,ll.. LfaCTh BhiiiieyKa3aHHbiX 5lBJieHHH npo-
11CXO,ll,HT TOJibKO B M03rax C03,ll,aTeJiell CTpaiiiHJTOK, YaCTb npoueCCOB peaJibHO I-IMeeT MeCTO, tlO <<Bpe,ll.» OT HHX HJIH «ITOJib3Y>> npar<TH'-leCKH HeB03MO:tKHO ,ll,OCTOBepHO npe,ll.CKa3aTb, HeKOTOpble !13 HI-IX 11pOHCXO,ll.5lT O'-!eHb Me,ll.JieHHO (KaK, HanpH!vrep, <<riio6aJibJ-roe noTenJie-
HHe» I-IJII1 <<110XOJIO,ll.aHHe» -
KOMY KaK Russia Proposed Nord Stream Pipeline route Territorial border EEZ border Pipeline of the European natural gasnetwOO< Planned pipeline I-IpaBI-ITC5l ), TaK '-ITO B JIYY:IIIeM CJiy'-lae KaK!le-
JIH60 3aMeTHhie I13MeHellH51 MO-
ryT 11p0H30HTH '-!epe3 50-100 JieT, a 3TO CJIHillKOM 60JibillOH 0Tpe30K BpeMemr, '-!T06bi BCepbe3 BOJIHOBaTh Hb!IIeWHee 110KOJiemre :>K¥IBYLUYIX Ha 3CMJie. Coc,ll,¥IHemrhre iliTaTbr AMepmm, B JIHLre cBoero npoiiiJioro ITpe3!l,ll,CI-ITa Eyllla-
MJia,n,IIIero 110IIIJIH eme ,'\aJihllle. 0KOJIO 1600 aMepHKaHCKHX yy:eH biX rrpi13HaJIHCb, crro HM npocTo 3anpeTI-IJIH HcrroJrb30BaTh TepMHHbl <<H3Mei-IeHHe KJIHMaTa>> Yl «fJI0-
6aJLbHOC HOTenJieHHe>> B CBOHX Tpy,rr,ax. B pe3yJibTaTe o peaJibHOM rroJio:>Kei-IHH BCil(eH3HaeT COBCeM MaJIO J!IO,rl,e}r, BKJII0-
4351 H JIH,ll,epOB 60JihlliHHCTBa CTpaH. BcJie,ll.CTBr-re Yl.ll.Yli!HX ceil'-lac npoueccos 3aMep3aHHH Esponbr H CiliA, onycTbr-
HHBaHHH 3eMJie,ll.eJibYeCKHX peri-IOI-IOB, <<30JIOTOMY MHJ!JIHap,rr,y» npH,ll,eTC5l ,ll,JIH coxpaueuH5l cero,rr,tummero ypoB-
HH :>KI13HH TpaTHTb Ha OTOn.he!lHe Ha 3-4 TPJIH .a.oJJJrapoB B ro,rr, 60Jibiiie, creM ceH:crac, npHcnoco6wrb K HOBbiM yc-
JIOBHHM HHcj:lpaCTpyr<Typy -
Cll(e 15-
20 TPJIH, 110,ll,ll,ep:tKHBaTb ee B pa6oY:eM COCT05IHH!1 3HMOH -
eme napy-TpOi1Ky TPHJIJIHoHoB «3eJieHhiX>>. Ho :=JTo He ca-
Moe CTpauuroe. CaMoe cTpallliiOe, '-ITO npH,ll,eTCH f,l],e-TO 6paTb He,ll,OCTaTOU(eC Tel1JIO Ha 3HMI-lllll o6orpCB MHJIJIHap,ll.a '-!eJIOBeK I1 npO,ll,YKTbl f!HTaHH51 ,ll,JI5l HHX. HanOMHIO, ceH:crac ypmKallJIIOCTb 3epHo-
BhiX cocTaBJI.HeT B EBpone -
CiliA 60-
85 u/ra, a 6y,11,eT cocTaBJIHTb 15-20 u/ra, cei1crac OHH 3KCIIOpTHPYIOT 150 MJIH T 3epHOBbiX B fO,ll,, a Ha,ll,O 6y,11,eT r,ll.e-TO 3a-
..: KyrraTb npHMeptlO TaKOe :>Ke KOJill'-!eCTBO ~ 3epHa B ro,11,. l1 JtacraJiacb JI11xopa,n,ocu La.H, af 5 CeKpeTI-IM 110,ll,fOTOBKa K KJIHMaTHY:eC-
~ KOMY KOJIJiancy, pe3KO ycKopemroMy ~ 6Jiaro,ll,ap51 f0Cl10,ll,HIIY 06aMe I1 ero ,11,py-
a <:[ 3b5IM H3 «EpHTHUL ITeTpoJreyM». TM g_ t::: rexH•Ka-MonoAii>K" II #ll3711 oKro6p• 2011 BOKpyr JeMHoro wapa I HaceneHHe 3eMnH aocTHrno 7 Mnpa H npoaonJKaeT pacTH M111p nepe:>+<ll18aeT ,o,eMorpacpw-leCKII1Vi 83pbl8: Yll1cno >+<111TeneVI nnaHeTbl 8 3TOM ro,o,y npe8biCII1JlO 7 MJlp.Q 111 .QOCTII1rH8T 9,3 MJlp.Q 8 2050-M. 60JlbW111HCT80 38MJl~H COCp8.QOTOY8HO 8 Haii1M8H88 pa38111TbiX CTpaHaX, He 111M8f0Ll.\111X .QOCTaTOYHbiX pecypC08 .QJl~ no,q,qep:>+<KI/1 paCTYLl.\111X. nonyn~14111VI. CTpaHbl c HaM60nbwel1 'IMCneHHOCTbiO HaceneHMH a 2050 r. MnH MeKCHKa 6pa3HnHH JleMOKp3Tit'leCK3fl pecny6nHKa KoHro PoeT HaceneHHR no perHoHaM Mnpa 4 3 2 0 A 31tH CesepHaH AMepMKa A!IJpHKa I OKeaHHH ~, ------~ ~ ~~ --~--~, -+ I 1950 2000 2011 2050 21 00 www.technicamolodezhi.ru > MHllltfl KMT3M Cl>r.tmmnMHbl -∙ ' 3!1JMOnr.tfl MHl10He3Mfl JleMorpaiiJH'IOCKHO DOK838TOnH 1950 2000 • 2011 • 2050 • 21 00 Koa!IJ!IJHUMeHT po>KaaeMocTH Y~cno poA~Bw~ x cH ABTe~ Ha OAHY >K8Hll(~HY 5.0 2.7 2.5 2 2 ••• O>KMaaeMaH npOli,On>KIITenbHOCTb >Kit3Hit IOAbl 46 66 iii CMepTHOCTb aeTel1 ao 5 neT CMeprHOCTb Ha 1000, poA~Bw~ x cH >K~BbiM~ 209 78 62 II 30 14 --
npoqeHT HaceneHMfl 1 a so3pacTe 60 neT M cTapwe 8 Bee AaHHble Ha 2050 ~ 2100 rOAbl-
no nporHo3aM OOH 43 • soKpyr JeMHoro wapa He XJJKB BIOABM P
o6oTa 11aycmmt CHJIMaTb cpoTorpa-
cp II II, Ka '1 CCTBO KOTOpbl X cpa BJ I HMO C KaYCCTBO~I CIIUMKOB, KOTOpbiC 110-
.1)"-laJOT .71101111. Cneu.Ha.TTIICTbl 1131111-
,;:uBr pa6oTa.'lll C YC.'IOBCKOflO,U06llbl~l po6oTO~I NAO, KOTOpbti\ oCIIaw,ca pyY11oii KaMcpoii. YT.J:eHbJe «3acnsu-
.'JJ1>> l\1ai111111Y BbiYT.J:HTb li,Ba 6a30BbiX npaBJI,1a Q)OTorpaqJI111 -
upaBJUIO TpcTeii 11 rrpaBILTJO 30JIOToro CCYCIIH51. IlcpBOC 11paBIL10 fl011,pa3y,vtCBaCT, lJTO K<lllp ~lbiC J JCIIliO ,UCJIHTC51 11a Tpll 'IaC-
TJ1 KaK 110 BCJJTIIKaJIII, Tal< II 110 fOpH-
30JITa.1!1, 11 ca~1ble JlltTepccllbiC ,neTa-
.'lll Clllll\1Ka tt.OJDKllbl paCIIOJJaraTbCH na ncpccccrclltll! npHMbiX. flpaBMJIO 30JJOTOro CClJCilll51 fJiaCHT, lJTO Jl!JlllUI rOp1l301 rra li,CJI liT Cl IH~IOK I-ta /lBC 11CpaB1 lblC 'taCTI1 Tat<, lJT06bJ MCilbllia.51 'IaCTb OTIIOCII∙ .'LaCb K 60Jiblllcll TaK >KC, KaK 60Jibllla51 'laCTb K l(CJIOMY H306pa.>KCilllJO. TaKJKC JICC J IC J ~OBaTCJIJI Hay'JJIJIII po6oTa OI\C1mBaTb IG:FICCTBO nony'tCIIIIhiX cpoTorpaclmii. L{mr ::noro Olllt 3arpy3liJIJI B ua-
M51Tb ~laUIIIIIbl CJIIIMK11 c cl)oTocal'ITa, KattccTBO KOTOpbiX OI[CIIIlBa.Till JIIOII,II (yYcHhLC «CKOpMIIJIH>> NAO no 10% .rty'IIIIIIX 11 XY:IWIIX CII11MKOB l13 60 TbiC. cpOTOrpa<j)llii). IlpoaHa.Tlll311pOBaB 3arpy)KCilllbiC CI-II!MK~I, po60T 3aiTOMIIHJI, KaKOBblli,OmKIIbl 6biTb pe3KOCTb, OCBCU[CIIIIOCTb, UBCTOBOii 6anai!C 111lj)YrtiC xapaKTCj)IICTIIKII XOpOWllX Clii!MKOB. B HTorc NAO IIOJIYYaJI CIIIIMKH or<pcCTIIOCTci:,, ou,cnHBaJI 11x 11, ccJtH pc3yJibTaT nc Y1lOBJICTBOp51JI t<plnCpHHM Ka'JCCTBa, 110BTOp110 II p0113B01lJ1JI C'bCMI<y. ABTOpbl OT.\ICYaiOT, lJTO llO CIIX nop 60.'IbiUIIJICTBO cpOTOrpacpoB-p060TOB 6b1Jivl 3a11porpaM/\111j)OBallbJ IIOJl.YYaTb Cllii~IKJI .lJO,J.er1. B OT.'III'lliC oT HI IX, AO cnoco6c11 cpoTorpa<JmposaTb ndi3a)KII. 0JulaKo 11,pyn 1c CIICL[HaJIIlCThl no;raraJOT, YTO CtiC-
.'Tal!HbiC po6oTOM cpOTorpaci)J]Il Bee JKc tlaJICKH oT coscp111CIIC"rBa, TaK l«lK NAO 11c yMCCT BbitiCJIHTb HUTcpccnbie ,neTaJm B OKpy>K<HOIUCM nefiJaJKC, 'IT06bl aKIJ,CIIT11pOBaTb Tla IIVIX Blllli\lallviC B CIIIIMKaX. IAcnaiiCKire ycrcnhre o6r1apyJKIUIII B L{IIK mra1rTCKIIC-LLJ111HOii B MJIJJJI110IIbl H)'K∙ r1.'ICOTII,J.OB (::JJICMCilTapllbiX « K11p1111LIIIKOB ~ ,QHK)-
CTPYI<"I'.)'pbl, KOTOpbiC BbiLJ.JIC∙ lill!OTC51 113 OKpyJKaiOII[CfO fCHCTI!lJCCKOI'O << Q)OIIa~ rtO xapai<TCpu0,\1.)' CO/lCp)l<a111110 onpeli,CJrcullbiX << 6yKB~. H11T11 L{HK CO!lCP>KaT reHCTJIYCCKYIO lllrcpopMal\1110 o6 op-
raHJI3111C II COCT051T 1!3 JtyKJJCOTII,UOB '!CTblpcx THIIOB (11X o6o311alJaJOT 6yKBa~IJI A, T, r 11 U). Km.16111taU11111lYKJICOTI1tlOB KOII,npylOT pa3IIIIYIIbiC a~ IIIII OK H CJJOTb l -
::JJJCMCJ1∙ Tapl!biC COCTaBJ151!0U[IIC 6eJJKOB. (YT.J:aCTKII, KO/lliP Y I O II~II C OT1lCJibllhlC 6CJIK11, IIOJJ,)"llf∙ Jill lla3BaJIIIC rCI!OB; KpOMC TOro, rcHaMJI Ha3hiBaiOT Y'laCTKII L{HK, KO/liiPYIOIIlJIC HC 6cmw, a OIIPC/l.CJJCHHhiC PHK). TaKJKc B I'CIIOMC cyu!CCTBYIOT ~IC}]<rcJu lhiC Y'laCTKH, cpy1 rKI\1151 YacTn KOTOpbiX tto ewe 110p IIC51CI ta. rro~IIL\10 (I)YIIKUJIOHaJib!IOro pa3/[CJIC111151 (t'CIIbJ II MC)I<rCIIIIbiC Y'laCTKII), LJ:HK ~IQ)KIIO pa3611Tb lla <j)parMCIITbl, OTJTI!'Iai011[11CC51 110 conany IIYK1TCOTII.UOB. Hanp11~1ep, /1)151 IICKOTOpbiX yYaCTKOB xapaKrcp11o llaJ111YIIC 6oJibJIICro, tteM B cpeli,HCM, !l:oJHL'ICCTBa uap, lt;[,Yil[11X Llpyr 3a ll,pyroM IIYKJ1COTII/LOI3 u H r (Ta.KI !C I tapbl lla3blBatOT CpG-
OT llllilMC1!0BclHH51 ::JTI IX ll.)'l<JICOTIIII,OB JJaTI [][11-
llCii). AllaJI113 L{HK rrOKa3aJI, YTO B rcllm.lc 'ICTKO Bb1li,CJI5IIOTC}I lt3oxopb1-
yYaCTK11 c 11p01\CIITOM CpG-rrap, OTJIHT.J:ai01U II ~ I C51 oT CpCt[IICI'O 110 rCIIOMY, L{JJIII ta 1130XOp 06bi'IIIO COCTaBJ151CT IICCKOJI bKO COTCII TbiC5JLI IIYI<JICOTII£[013. ABmp~t IIOBOII pa6oTbl Yl\a.TIOCb o611apy)IOITb CU\C 6o;1cc KP,YIIIIbJC-/llll'llloii B tt.ccwrKII MI1JJ.TIIIOIIOB nyKJicont,noB-crpy1<∙ TyPhi, KOTOpbiC TaKJKe xapaKTcpn3yrOTC51 ollpC!lCJICIIIIOii llO.'Ici'l CpG-11ap. To CCTb K<UK/la51 xpoMocoMa cocTolrT H3 IICCK0.1bKIIX TaKJIX C,VrtCpC'rpyKTyP, B KOTOpoi\ OKOJJO li,BYX COTCI I rCIIOB. 44 XOTH ::JTO IIC IICpBblC Kpyntl b1C o6pa30BaiU 151, llali/[CIIIIbiC B re110~1C.- u ar 1p11~1 Cp, panee B rCIIOMllOH L{HK 6b1JIII o6uapyJKell bl or-
pOMllbiE' IICTJIII, CO!lCpJKaii[IIC I'Cilh1, cpy11K[\1101111p.)'10li[IIC B 0/lllllaKOBOlll pCIKII~IC, .)"ICII biC IIOKa HC MOryT CKa3aTb, KaKOB 6110JI01"11-
'1CCK11ii 01biCJI ::JTitX cy11epcrpyKryp. HayKa, 113yYaiOII!a51 TaKIIC <<llattrCIIOMIIbiC>> CTj),VKTYPbl, IIOJI)"tHJta 11<13Balllle ::JIIHrCIICTIIKI1. rexHMKa-MOnDAii>KM II #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 • JlpeBHHe eaponeiQ,1 He nepeBapHBanH MOHOKO B
IJaCT051JJJ,Ce BpeWI 60JibU1HllCTJ30 CBpOneiu.J,eB 6C3 Tpy/l,a ycBaHBaJOT MOJIOKO II MOJIO'lllble npOAYKTbl B JlJ060M B03pacrc. 3Ta 'lCJYra OTJIJlCla-
CT )KUTCJlcil EspOI1bJ OT HCKOTOpbiX /KIITC.neiiTLpy-
niX KO
IJTI!IlCI!TOB, rtpC!K/I,e BCero 11pC/I,CTaBI1TCJlCll p51Lla 3Titocon IOro-BoCTOLIIIOil A3111L 011,11aKo TW IIOC.lle/l,llero Bpe!IIeHH OCTaBaJIOCb ILC.HCIIbiM, KOffl,a y eBpOHctiUeB fi051BI!JlaCb CIIO-
C06liOCTb Bb1pa6aThiBaTb ¢epMCIIT JtaK"ra3bl BO B3pOCJlOM B03paCTe: KOI'LJ,a 01111 y)Ke 3aJUI!IIaJIHCh CKOToso,ncTBOM IIJJH 1tpewo1 coBpeMeJIIthJX mo.ncl1 IIPHPY'IJIJIII )j(IJ-
BOTllhiX y)Ke flOCJlC TOfO, KaK npH06pCJlll CllOC06liOCTb ycsaHBaTb 1\IOJlOKO? l-fTo6hl pa3pCWHTb 3TOT sonpoc, COTPYAIJIIKI1 repMcutcKoro YmmcpcrrreTa Mai1u-
ua 11 YwmepciiTCTCKoro KOJIJJefi,)Ka Jlollli,OIIa HCCJie,nosaJn1 o6pa3Ubl LU-IK, H3-
BJJeYe
llltbJC 113 KOCTHOH TKaJIH II 3y6oB 1'13 3C1XOpOHeiLHM Ll,pCBllHX CB p O II C~ IU,e B. B03pacr 3axopmrettl1H cocTaBJJ51JI OT 3,8 11,0 6 TblC. JJeT. B p e3yJJ ~>T a T e, 1111 B OLlllOM 113 o6pa3UOB JJC 6h1Jl0 llalul,neHO CJJCAOB MYTC1UHli, 06JICrYaiOil[IIX yCBOCILHC MOJJO-
I<a 11 MOJJO'JllbiX npo,nyKTOB. ITo lltiiCIIIIIO uccJJCAOBaTeJJel\ IIOJIY'ICIIIIble ,naHifbie I'OBOp51T 0 TOM, 'ITO t~,p eBH I!C CBpOIICirUbl 6bJJIII IICCIIOC06ll bl ynoTpe6JJ51Tb B ll II IllY MOJlOL!llble npo,nyKTbi ,no CaMOrO !ICll,aBIICrG BpeMCIIII, II COOTBeTCTBYIOIJliiC 1\lyTa-
UIIII no51JJILJJitCh H6hrCTpo pawpocrpaJIIIJliLCb cpcLI,II JliOTteil y)Kc IIOCJJC 11p11pjLIC-
111151 Kpyn11oro poraToro CKOTa. HenepeiiOCIIMOCTb MOJior<a, Bbi3BalutaH LlCcjJllllllTOM JJaKTa3bl, BCTpcLiaCTC51 B lra-
CT0511Jlee BpCM51 npH6JIH3HTCJibiiO y 10-20% B3pocJloro llaCCJICJIIl51 EBpOnbl 11 3Ha•urreJlhHO •raJUe -
y )KIHeJiett !Oro-BocTOLIIIOI1 A311H. Ynmve611c11 He llerre-
pepa6oTaJIHoro MOJlOKa npH ,ne¢ltUHTC JlaKTa3b11Ipl!BOAHT K TOUIIIOTC, KOJlllKaM, B3
AjTillO )KJ1BOTa II HOJLOCY. -~-
AHTHBHPYC C YBH8JKH8HH8M ,_. K
opeikKaH KOMnaHIDI ScullSung pa3pa6oTaJia nJJa3-
MelllthJH l10HH3aTop Virus Doctor, II03BOJI5li0Jl(HH 1136aBHTbC51 OT 99% BpC/I,OJIOCilblX MUKpoopraii113MOB, B TOM 'I~ I CJIC OT Bl!pyCOB C1HlflU'IH0HllllCJ3M0HHH 11 rpHIIDa. -~ ... B OCILOBC ero pa60Tbl-
TeXHOJJOrH51 SPi (S-Plasma ion). l1cnoJtb3Y51 KepaMwiec-
Kilil 11 yroJJbllbllt::JJier<TpOAht, Virus Doctor HaCblruacT B03Ayx B noMCUJ,CIIHII HOHa-
11111 BOAopot~,a, KJICJiopo,na 11 rHApOnHpOKCHAHbiMH paAHKaJiaMIL ITocJieAJII∙Ie 11pH-
T5lnJBaiOTC51 K llOJIOIKI1TeJlbHO 3ap51)KCIUI.blM '!aCTHUaM 3arp513Hel!ll51 II BCTynaiOT B peaKUIHO c o6oJiocrKoi1. BHpyca, HeirTpaJIH3Y51 IIOIIbl H+. B11pych1 pa3pywaiOTC51, a PaAIIKaJibl BMeCTe C aTOMaMH BO/I,Oj)O/I,a o6pa3yiOT BOMI!OH nap. TeXJIOJIOn m S-
Plasma ion yHwrTo:>KaeT B11pyc1>1 11 6aKTeprm, H e J ~tTj)aJI H 3yeT aJLJiep-
reHhi Hl1p113TOM cosepwewro 6e3onacua !1)151 •reJJOBeKa. 0Ha 3cjJ¢eKTHBHO pa6oTa-
CT B llpOCTpaHCTBe 06beMOM AO 20M
2
, 'ITO llOATBCp)[<,'(aJOT MIIOI'OLIHCJICIIII biC HCCJJC-
,ll,OBa:lll151, CCpTI1¢11KaThi l160JICC 42 rra.TCIITOB. MoAeJrb B03AyxoocrHCTMTeJl51 c ¢YJ I J< q ~ I Cf'l yBJJa/KIICII ~LH ocr raiJletla TPCM51 cjJHJiiirpa-
~111: JJepBII'-IllhiM (y,naJLHCT 6o J l bU I ~ I c 11 MaJibiC •1aCTIIIlbl rtbiJIH); ¢11JlbTpOM HEPA (YIIIIL!TO)KaeT 99,97% MeJih'-IaHlLIIIX •taCTliU llblJW, aJUiepreltbl H wepCTb AOMaUJII11X )KIIBOTIIbiX) II Ae30,ll,OpHpyiOU[IIM CpiUlbTpOM (ycrpaltHeT BCe BI!Abl llellpiLHTIIbiX 3aJJa)(OB ). B03J()'XOO'friCTHTeJJb IIOMCP)KII naeT OIITJ IMaJthllbi{r ypoBCitb BJtaJKJ tOCTJL B llOMerueJ ll !H ( OKOJJO 40-60%). CIICLI,IIaJI bll bl rl AI ICK paCJlhiJI5leT CBepxMaJI ble CJac-
TIIUbl BO/I,bl pa3MCpOM OKOJJO 0,7 MKM II o6ecne•IHBC1eT j)aBILOMCpliOC YBJia/KILCJIHe B03Ayxa. 3To OTJJIILiaeT CHCTCMJ' Sam sung OT o6bPHLhiX YJlorpa3BYKOBbiX yBJlaJKHH-
TeJJCi1, B KOTOj)biX pa3Mep craCTHU BOtlbl llpCBbiWaCT 5 MKM, H OILTHMaJibllaH BJlaJK-
IlOCTb COXpaJ15leTC51 TOJlbi<O B6 J I ~I3~ 1 yCTpOHC'I'Ba. www.technicamolodezhi.ru > soKpyr 3eMHoro wapa Y
'ICJ tblC 113 KaJn∙1cpopuui'rc1<0ro yJtHnepcltTCTa, H3y'laJ01UJLC npo-
CHIIC rrayTIIIIbl, npiiiUJlll I< BbiBO!ly, LITO t~,atlltbu'i HpllpOAIIblli 1\IaTCpllaJJ 51BJ151CTC51 11/lC<Ul bll bll\1 AJI51 C03/I,aiJJJ.H Ka6eJLCii llllYJICllC1Ip06rmaCI\IbiX :>KI!-
JieTOB. ITo 11x oneHKe r<a6emr lf3 nay-
THIIbt6biJIII 6bl rtpO'IIlCe CTaJibllblX, a 3JJaCTWilthlil /KliJJeT rr3 najTI!llhl 3a-
u~HIJlaJI 6bl OT llYJlb JIY'lUie, Y.eM )!(11-
JJeT H3 KCBJlapa. ITpo6J!CMa TOJlbKO B O,nllOM: l1p0113BO/liiTCJibiiOCTb y llay-
KOB liH3KaH, K TOIIIY )Ke 01111-XIIIJJ,-
li!fi<Il, II CCJlll liM lie XBaTaeT llllll[ll, OHJ LitaLIII HaiOT noettaTb npyr npyra. ITay-nura 6o;rec •reM 1ra 50% cocTO-
JLT Jl3 llOJllll\1epH30BaJU!OrO 6CJJKa II pBCTCH Jllllllb rrpH pacnDKeHllJI lla 200-400%. ITay1m •1acTo HCf!OJih3y-
roT 11ayTJIIIII bllci lUeJIK flOBTOpHO, CbC-
/lcl5l IIIITIL, llOBj)C)l(,ll,CilllblC /1,0)[\fi,CI\1, neTpoM 111111 11accKoMbiMH. ITcricBa-
pHsacTcH Oil J I p11 ll01\IOII~I1 CllCl[ll-
aJlbl!hlX ¢ep11re1 rros. KaJK,nbr{r nayK cuoco6c!l 1LpOH3BOAHTh f151Th pa3-
JJII'Illbtx BIIJLOB naynmhr (ce;-.lb, no nepc111t pocc1ti'rcKoii apaxuoJiontu). 011,11aKO llaJiaJl.llTb rtpO!I!biiiiJlell Hblli BbliiYCK llj)llpOAJIOii «CCTKH» ,no CIIX !lOp llC y,naJ!OCb JIJ\ICHHO l!3-3a TOrO, 'ITO uayKH, B OTJIIl'IHe OT WeJlKO!Ip51-
/I,OB, KaK npaBIIJlO, lie BereTap!!alll[bL Coo61JlaCTC51 TaK)KC o6 Hcdrefl,osa-
1111.51X rpynnbt yLJCllhiX H3 .npyn1x YIIIIBcpcuTCTOB CiliA, pa3pa6aTbr-
BaiOIIliiX «nayniiiOBhie 3JieKTpO/I,bi>>, KOTOpbiC ~10ry-r rtpll11ICII51ThC51 AJI51 Bl!eApC111!51 B 'ICJlOBC'!eCKllll i\I03r, JlartpllMCp, llpll JICL!CIIIfii311HJICfiCIIII. l1.CCJ!Cj(OBC1TCJ!I I ILC1/I,elOTC51, 'ITO pauo HJI H 110311,110 alfaJIOr IJajTHilbi MO)KI!O 6yACT C03/l,aBaTb JLCKYCCTBCIIHO. 45 ::i a. 0 -8-
I :s: ,; 8 E 0 (.) "' ~ Q) c .,< ∙c: iii Q) > ~ ∙o; 0 "' -Q) a. 0 Q) a_ ~ I z :s: :s: I "' c ::; 0 "' Q) ~ ui ~ Q) c C) ~ '" c ~ .0 E Q) E ~ ∙o; 0 Q) u c Q) '() (/) :;; '0 Q) 0 ~ c e'> C> > ~ "' e'> C> "' '6 Q) a. :;;: 3 .'!i c ~ ::; "' c "' :s: a. ~ ::; 0 c MMp ysnelJeHMi1 BeTaHTe annapaTaMH «Fiugtag» 46 ,QeHMC 5lt15lt1K, «.Q8Hb noneTOB» B CTpOn1HO co6pan 6onee Haw cnei..IKOp, 100 000 cpaHaTOB, np111we,qw111x nont06osaTbCH qJOTO aBTOpa Ha H806biYHbl8 neTaT8nbHbl8 annapaTbl, KOTOpb18 Hey,qep/'KIIIMO THHyno K BO,Q8. WANTED ':lm IA•rm• PtX1. z~>~ 1J~11HA;, . J,$N fdiiPUHA', /,(N /).'NA1(fUNf6; .... V,.~< ~>te.Awtx.HQCM,ICI/11 rexH•Ka-MonoAii>K" II #93711 OKTR6p• 2011 • r,-. 111CTOPII1Sl l1tJ,e5l co3tJ,aHH5l Red Bull Flugtag ( %cj)JIIOITar!>) I1p11IIa,ZI)JEIKIIT t(HTpHxy MaTewuey, BJJatJ,eJThl()' KOMnaHHH Red Bull. «Flug Tag>> B nepeBotJ,e c HeMe~Ko­
ro 03naY:aeT <<tJ,eHh nmreTOB>>. YY:aCTHHKH co3tJ,aroT co6cmeHHbrrr JTeTaTeJrbHhiH an-
napaT, KOTOpbiH pa3fOH5leTC5l l1 B3JieraeT c 6-MeTpoBoro TpaMnJIHHa. BbJcTynJre-
mre KaJKJ.(OH KOMaHtJ,bi O~eHHBaeTC5l IJO TpeM KpHTepH5IM: ,[l,aJJbHOCTb IJOJieTa, opnrHIIaJJhHOCTh JieTaTeJibHoro annapaTa H apTHCTWIHOCTb KOMaH,l{IJOfO npetl,CTaB-
JieHH5l. IIepBblH Red Bull Flugtag cocTo-
5lJIC5l B Beae B 1991 r., a B :?TOM ro.zzy B Mp-
JiaHtJ,HH npOHtJ,eT yJKe COTbiH no CY:eTy. PeKOPA caMoro AaJJbrrero noJieTa 6bm yCTaHOBJieH 24 t1lOJI5l 2010 r. B CiliA, UITaT MHHHeCOTa, KOrtJ,a nHJIOT KOMaH,[l,bi <<Major Trouble and The Dirty Dixies>> npoJJeTeJJ HM BOAOH 63 M, no6HB npetJ,bi-
AYmi1J1 peKOPA B 60 M, yCTaHOBJieHHhiH B 2000 r. B ABcTpHH. IIepBhrli Flugtag B PoccHH nporncJI B 2009 r., 6hiJIO nOtJ,aHO 6oJiee 3000 3a5IBOK C OnHCaHIIeM HtJ,eH JieTaTeJJbl lbJX o6b-
eKTOB H nOp5ltl,Ka 500 Y:epTeJKeH «B03tJ,y-
XOnJiaBaTeJibHbiX!> KOHCTPYK~HH. l13 HHX OT06paJJH 150 HaH60Jiee KpeaTHB!lbiX, H Ha cj:H1HaJJbHOM 3TaiJC KOHKypCa 3a51BOK cne~HaJJbHOe IKIOpii, B COCTaB KOTOporo BOUIJIH IKYPHaJJHCThi, 3Be3Ahi uroy-6H3He-
ca 11 cnopTcMeHhi, onpetJ,eJIHJIO 45 caMbiX www.technicamolodezhi.ru > rreoptJ,HrrapHbiX 11 JKH3Hecnoco6rrhrx Y:ep-
TeJKeli: JieTaTeJihHbiX 06beKTOB. COBPEMEHHOCTb HaKaHYHe cocT05lJiacb 3aKpbiTa5! 3KC-
rro3H~H5l Y:epTe/KeH caMOtJ,eJlbHbiX JieTa-
TeJJbJ-IbfX o6beKTOB -npeTeHtJ,eHTOB Ha yy:acrl15l B copeBIIOBa!lHH. Cne~HaJJhrro npwrJTaruetn-rhTe rocTH -JKyptraJJHCTht, 3Be3Ahl woy-6H3treca H cnopTcMeHbL Cpc-
AH HHX-
IKYPHaJTHCT AHaTOmrli: Baccep-
Mari, apTHCTKa EJieHa Bopo6eti, xyAoJK-
HHK t(aHHHJI <l>etJ,OpOB, 6eHCtJ,/KaMnep BMepHli Po3oB H3 180 BhiCTaBJieHHhrx Ha 0603peHHe pa60T OT06paJJH JI)";;UIHe. Ha'-laJJOCh c Toro, '-ITO rrepetJ, 3anycKOM annapaTa KaJKtJ,a5! KOMaHAa yCTpOHJia ua paMne He60JibUIOe TeaTpaJJH30BaJ-IIIOe npetJ,CTaBJieHHe. 3pHTeJIH 3aMHpaJJH, KOftJ,a MaxOJieT C fOBOp5lll(HM Ha3BaHHeM %EpoBH EpeJKHeBa!> rrhiTaJJC5l Ha6paTb BbiCOTy, a rHraHTCKMH KOMap, rrpeCJieJzy5l OTtJ,hrxaromHx, OTYa5IHHO JKyJiuKa, yCT-
pcMJI5lJIC5l B llOCJJetJ,TLHH HOJJeT. l13-3a riO-
pbiBOB BeTpa lteKOTOpble annapaTbl, tJ,aJKe He B3JieTeB, I-Ia<IJ11-IaJJH pa3BaJJHBaTbC5l np5IMO Ha paMne, H yJKe HX OCTaTKH/KH-
BOnHCI-IO llatJ,aJJM B BOAY TIOA JIHKY I OU~He KpHKH MliOfO'IHCJJel!HblX 3pHTeJTeH. l13 39 KOMaHA-y<racnmu ¢ecTHBaJrn, nepBOe MeCTO ,[l,OCTaJTOCb pOCTOBCKOH <<PocToB-paK!>. Mx '-leThlpeXMeTpoBoe co-
3tJ,aHHe 113 neHOriJiaCTa Bne<raTJIMJIO BCeX YJiellOB /K!OpH, Cpetl,H KOTOpblX OTMeTHM Tene-11 pMHOBetJ,yuryro OJibry llleJiecT, maptl,HH llO,[l,llOJIKOBIIHKa, KOMaHtl,Mpa 3BeHa aBHa~HOI-IHOH rpynnhi BbiCUiero nMJIOTaJKa %PycCKHe Bl1T51311!> t(eMb5lH qHCT5lKOB, MOTO<j}pMCTaHJiep AJJeKCe}'t KmreCHHKOB. BTOpoe MeCTO 3aH5lJia %IlHJIOTaJKHa5l rpynrra BrrCTpHIK>> H3 MocKBhi, TpeTbe -
<<l1JIJ
II03H5l noJieTa>> H3 YJJ hmtoscKa. cha JKe KOMaHtJ,a CTaJJa no6etJ,HTeJJeM B JIOMHltaUHli Ha CaMbiH tJ,aJJbHHli IJOJieT. Mx caMoJieTorrotJ,o6HM KoHcTpyK~H5l nponeTeJra HM BOtJ,OH 19 M, no6nB poc-
cni1cKHH peKop.n: 2009 r. -
12 M. B Ka'-leCTBe HarpMbl 3a nepBoe Mec-
TO BeCb 3KHTiaJK KOMaH,[l,bi %POCTOB-
paK!> nOJiy<lHJl 110e3AKY B 3HaMeHHTbiH aBCT])HHCKMH AJ-rrap-7 (Hangar-7), '-JaCT-
HbiH aBHaMy3eH H xpartHJIHU(e KOJIJICK-
~lflf CaMOJieTOB B 3aJJhU6ypre. KoMaHtJ,a <<BHcTpHIK!> npHmarneHa HC-
ribiTaTb Ha ce6e O~ll(eHJ.I5l HeBeCOMOCTH B UeHTpe notJ,roTOBKII KOCMouaBTOB HM. farapHl-Ia. KoMaHAa <<l1Jrmo3H5l noJieTa!>, KaK HH na-
PMOKCaJThHO 3BYYIIT, rrOJI)";;HJia B notJ,a-
poK HMeHHO HJIJII03HIO, tJ,a Kar<yro: noJieT B a3p0tl,IIHaMWieCKOH Tpy6e! IlJIIOC npii3 oT napTHepa ¢ecTHBaJJ5l AreuT.py-cep-
TH<j)HKaT Ha rrepeJieT no JII06hrM HanpaB-
neHH5IM ,[l,JJHJ-IOH 40075 KM, <ITO COOTBeT-
CTByeT AJ!HHe 3KBaTopa. TM,.. 3-!1 06fl. 47 • r,-. aHTOflOrMs:l TaMHCTBeHHbiX cny4aeB DPABJIA Oli HH)I(EHEPE CBECAPEBE HHJKeHep B.A.Cnecapes AoM Ha xonMe L{aBHO y:>Ke HeT 60JlblJJOfO, KyneYeCKO-
fO, ,[l,OMa, CT05!BWerO I-Ia Bb!COKOM XOJlMe B ceJle CJle.nHeBo Ha CMoJleHW11He. 3.necb npOWJI11 ,[l,eTCTBO 11 IOHOCTb Ha-
wero repo5!. B Me30H11He, cBeTenKe, BacHJlHH CnecapeB yCTp011JI MacTepc-
KYJO-
Jla6opaTopmo. <<liTo 6hr OH H11 .ne-
Jia.TI, -
BcnoMMHa.Tia ero cecTpa, IIpacKOBh5! AJl.p11aHOBHa,-OH BeCb OT,[l,aBa.TIC5! TBOp-
YeCTBy,HffY:efOBOKpyrHeBJ1,11,5l,I-Ie3aMeLla5!. Ero pa6oTocnoco6HOCTh 6hrna nopa311-
TeJibHa». De3 Ma.TIOfO rneCTb JieT ITpo:>K11JI OH B MocKBe, yy:acb B Kol\mcapoBcKOM Tex-
HHYeCKOM yciHJI11~e, ,[l,aBaBWeM Cpe.n-
~Iee o6pa30BaH11e. Jl111JJb Ha KaH11KyJiax 6hiBa.JI B M11JIOM ero cep.nuy CJte.nHeso. AKor.naneTOM 1904 r. «<{oMHcapoBKa>> c OTJIHY:HeM 6biJia 3aKOHY:eJJa, yexa.n B IIe-
Tep6ypr, Y:T06bl llOCTYII11Th B 3neKTpO-
TeXHI1YeCKHH 111-ICTHTyT. OH np11exa.n B CTOJI11UY B CMYTHOe BpeM5!. To 11 .neno BCIThiX11Ba.JI11 CTyAeHYeCK11e 6ecnop5!AKH. K neTy 1905 r. ITOJIO:JKeH11e HaCTOJibKO OCJIO:JKH11JI0Cb, Y:TO BJiaCT11 6b!JIH BbiHY:JKAeHbi BpeMeHHO 3aKpbiTh 11I-ICT11TyT. Cnecapes :>Ka.:>KAa.JI yY11TbC5! 11 peBOJIIO-
48 leHHa,D,~C1 YEPHEHKO KonosparHaR MaUJHHKa Cnecapesa JVIR HccneROBaHHR nonera HaceKOMbiX Asll1aKOHCTPYKTOP Bac111n11111l A,o,p111aHosw-1 Cnecapes, co3,o,aTenb caMoro KpynHoro caMoneha s ,o,opesonf0l....III10HHOII1 Pocc111111 «CBrnoropa», 6bln YenoseKOM 1113BeCTHbiM. O,o,HaKo s ero cy,o,b6e ocTasanocb MHoro Hes=~cHoro. Oco6eHHO Taii1HCTBeHHO Bb l rns=~,o,ena npii14111Ha cMepT111 Cnecapesa B 1921 r. 0.QHII1 06BII1Hs=lnll1 B 3TOM H8M8L!KYfO pa3B8,QKy . .Qpyr111e n111Can111, 4TO nor1116 OH OT H8C4aCTHOrO cnyYaR Ho YTO :>+<e npo1113owno Ha caMOM ,o,ene? IJ,HOHHa5! «6y3a>> ero He 11HTepecoBa.na. Tep51Tb speM51 3p51 He xoTeJIOCh. IIp11wno peweJIHe exaTb B fepMaJiHIO 11 TaM ITpo-
AOJI:JK11Tb yc1e6y. OH BbT6paJI BeJIHKorep-
uorcKoe Bhrcwee TexHHLiecKoe YYHJII11JJe B ropoAe L{apMwTaJ:ne. B cj:JeBpa.ne 1906 r. Cnecapes 6blJI y)]<e B fepMaHH11 11 IIp11CTYIIHJ1 K 3aH5TTJ151M. BoT YTO ITHCa.JI OH po.nuTeJI51M B YYAOM t!OJJJe.nweM .no Hac ITHChMe: <<Jlopor11e nana 11 MaMa! CnaBa l3ory 51 :>KHB H 3AO-
poB. Xo:JKy e:>KeAHeBHO Ha JleKIJ,HH, Y:ep-
YY. OcTa.JIOCb eme 8 JIHCTOB. TaK YTO 5I TeiTepb He TO Y:TO 110 npa3ti,I-IHKaM, HO 11 ITO BeYepaM Yepy:y. Yporm ITO HeMeiJ,KOMY 513hiKY 6paTb ne-
peCTa.n, TaK KaK )J;Jl51 3aH51T11H HeMeiJ,KI1H mhiK ycsoHJI xopowo. B o6~eM, pa6oThi y Mei-!51 3a 3TO BpeM51 Ha6pa.TIOCb 110p51-
)J;OY:HO. Hy Aa 3aTo nen-111i1 ceMecTp 6y-
AeT CB060)J;Hee ... IIoKJIOH OT MeH51 BCeM 3HaKOMhiM. Ue-
nyio. Jlro6511JJ11H Bac ChiH Bac51 Cneca-
peB>>. TOHKI/Ie OnbiTbl B apx11se L{apMwTa.ncKoro Bhrcwero TeXHJ1LieCKOfO yc1 HJ111ll[a (OliO cyweCTBy-
eT ,11,0 CHX HOp) COXpa!-IHJIHCb ,[l,OKyMeH-
Tbi, CB11)J;eTeJibCTBYI01JJ11e 06 OTJl11Lli-!OH yc1e6e «rocnOAHI-Ia l3a311JI5!. CJlecapeBa 113 CJlet[HeBo». OH 3a~11~a.n A11IIJIOM Ha TeMy, OTHOC.miJ,ylOC51 «K 06JiaCT11 3JieK-
Tp11YeCK11X BOJli-I>>, TO eCTb -
MOJIO)J;OfO paA110. Ho ero Bee 6onhwe 11 6onhwe 3aXBaTbiBa.Jia t~,pyra.5l o6JiaCTb TeXH11K11, TO)]\e OY:eHb MOJ10tl,a.5l. 3TO 6hiJia amra-
li,115I. llleJI 1909 r. BacHnHii Cnecapes -
y'leHHK KoMHcaposcKoro rexHH'IeCKoro y'IHRHIJla rexHHKa-MonoAibKH II #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 Jlu,,,, .\!o..:.x. B. A. Cnecapee'h. ~~Dffo HA[liK~M~IXo. H3AAHIE H(ypotana .,l&l"MMa 8o3AYIOMataHill", II !Tf'\)f P A :l 0. !"""'I"'.'" I''""'""'' lo ~t:,.;•I• L<•• •.lof.,,.,. .. tO 0RHa H3 pa6or B.A.Cnecapesa no HccneROBaHHIO MaUJyiJiero noniira BacHJIHH A,np11aHOBWI BHHMaTeJihHO cJie)lHJI 3a nporpeccoM asHau,HH, 11 y Hero pmK)laJII1Cb Mb!CJIH 0 C03)laHHH JieTa-
TeJibHOfO annapaTa 6oJiee coseprneHHO-
ro, YeM caMoJieT. IIo ero MHeHHIO, TaKHM annapaTOM )lOJIIKHa 6biJia CTaTb MaWHJ-!a, OCHOBaHHM Ha npHHIJ,tiTie TIOJieTa HaCe-
KOMb!X. IIo3JKe OH nHcaJI: <<lbyYeHI1e llOJieTa !JaCeKOMh!X 3aCJIYIKHBaeT 110JJHO-
ro BHHMaHH5!, TaK KaK MOJKeT 110CJJY)I(HTh o6pa3IJ,OM )lJI5! KOHCTpyHpOBaHH.H Ma-
IIII1Hhl, KOTOpa51 cpa3y 6hi llO)lHI1MaJiaCb B B03ilYX 6e3 BC5!K0f0 pa36era,-,. OcHOBHhre orrhiThi c HaceKOMhiMI1 Cne-
capes npoBOili1JI B CJie)lHeso, KOr)la Jie-
TOM 11p11e3JKaJI Ty)la 113 L(apMIIITa)lTa. B KaYecrse noAOIThiTHhiX Bhi6paJI cHa-
YaJia 6oJJbW11X CI1HHX Myx, 6oJiee Yil06-
HbiX AJJH tra6JIIO)leHH5!. IIpHKJieHBM K TeJry MYXI1 TOHKI1e BOJIOCK11, OH 113Me-
H5!Jl llOJIOIKeHHe ee JJ.eHTpa T5!iKeCTI1 11 BhiHY)I(ilaJI JJeTaTb HeCBOHCTBeH.Hb!M ei1: o6pa30M: BepT11KaJibHO BBepx, 3a)lOM Ha-
rrepe)l, 6oKoM. L(JIH 113MepeHH.H MOll(HOCTH HaCeKOMO-
ro 11 CKOpOCTH ero ITOJieTa IIOCTpOHJI 113 COJIOMHHOK MHH11aT!OpHy!O <<KapyceJih>>, KOJJOBpanryro MaWHHKy, K O)lHOMY IIJie-
yy KOTOpOH CI111HKOH llpHKJieHBaJI MYXY. IIpHJia)li1B K KapyceJihKe 3KpaHYHK C 3aKOl!YeHITOH 6yMaroi1:, a K KOHIJ,Y Kpbi-
JJa MYX11 rrpHKJieHB <<rrepo,-, -
so;rocoK OAyBaHYI1Ka, OH yxi-np5!JJC.H 3aiT11CbiBaTh KOJie6aHH5! Mawymero Kpwra. HeTpyA-
HO rrpe)lCTaBHTb, KaKOro HCKyCCTBa 11 TeprreHHH Tpe60BaJI11 3TH TOHKHe, KpO-
IlOTJJ11Bhie 3KCIIepHMeHTbl. BacHJIHH A,npHaHOB11Y H3o6pen oco6biH www.technicamolodezhi.ru > KHHOCbeMOclllbll';\ annapaT, pa6oTaBWHH C He6biBaJIOH t(O TOrO CKOpOCTbiO-OKO-
JJO 10 TbiC.HY Ka)lpOB B CeKyHAY 11 110380-
J
I.H BWH H 3aCI∙!.HTb KOJJe6ari 1151 KpblJJ beB H.aCeKOMh!X. CHeBa cTyAeHT B YHCJie o6beKTOB 113yYeHH.H C;Iecape-
Ba HHTepeCOBaJIH He TOJihKO MYXH, HO H OChl, IIYeJihl, WMeJIH, HO'iHhle 6a60'iKH, Hae3)lHHKH l1 )laJKe KOMapb!. L(JI5! B3Be-
IIIHBaH.H5! HaceKOMhiX CJiecapeB CKOH-
CTpyHpOBaJI CBepXTOYHb!e, <<MHKpOH-
Hble>,">, Becbr. Ero 6paT, IIeTp A,npHaHo-
B11Y, paCCKa3biBaJI: «MHe BCITOM11Ha!OTC.H Y.aChi, rrpoBe)leHHhie c 6paToM B Cne)lHe-
so BO BpeM.H Ollb!TOB ITO B3BeiJJHBaHHJO KOMapa 11 ero KpblJJheB>>. TaM iKe, Ha poA11He, CnecapeB Ha6moAaJI 11 3a llOJieTOM llTHJJ., rrperrapHpOBaJI BO-
p06heB, JJaCTOcieK, CTpHIKeH, COKOJIOB l1 KpyiiHh!X JieTyHOB -
BIIJIOTh )lO 1KypaB-
JI5! 11 u,arrJIH. TmaTeJihHO H3Mep5!JI Hx Bee, pa3Max KphiJiheB, H3yYaJI orrepeHHe,-,. 3TO 6hiJIH IIHOHepCKHe pa60Tbl ITO H3y-
YeHtiTO IIOJieTa B rrpHpO)le. I1HoCTpaHHbre A11ITJJOMbr B PoccHH C11JihJ He HMeJJH. TI03TOMy, B03BpaTHBWI1Cb Ha pOAI1J∙ry, CnecapeB rrocTynHJJ J∙ra nocJJeA-
H11H Kypc I1MnepaTOpcKoro MocKOBCKO-
ro TeXHHY.ecKoro YY.HJ111U(a. KaK pa3 B TO speM5!, oceHhiO 1909 r., B I1MTY npo-
cpeccop I-I.E.)KyKOBCKHH HaYaJI YHTaTb JieKIJ,HH nO TeOpeTHYeCKHM OCHOBaM aBHaLJ,HH BcKope no npoeKTY Cnecapesa B yY.HJIH-
me 6bwa nocrpoeHa 6oJibWM (c Tpex-
MeTpOBhiM HJieYOM) KOJIOBpaTHM MaiiiH-
Ha )lJI5! HCIIhiTaHH5! B03ilYWHb!X BHHTOB. OH yYaCTBOBaJI TaKiKe B CTpowreJihCTBe a3pO)lHHaMHYeCI<OH Tpy6bl 11 rLJiaHepa, BbTCTYllaJI C )lOKJJa)laM11 0 CB011X 11CCJJe-
)lOBaHH5!X. A B 3TO BpeM5! B IIeTep6ypre, B IIonH-
TeXHHYeCKOM HHCTHTyTe, B03HHKJia Mh!CJih 0 C03)laHHH XOpOIIIO OCHameH-
HOH a3pOilHHaMHYeCI<OH Jia6opaTopHH. DhiJia opraHH30BaHa KOMHCCH5! H3 npo-
cpeccopoB H nperro)laBaTeJiei1 BO rJiaBe C )leKaHOM KOpa6JieCTpOHTeJihHOf0 cpa-
KYJihTeTa K.II.EoKJieBCKHM. IIocJie)lHHH o6paTHJIC5! K I-1.£./KyKOBCKOMY C npOCh-
6ow nopeKOMel-l)lOBaTb KOfO-HI16YAb 113 ero ycrenHKOB na ponh 3aBe)lyromero Jia6opaTOpHeH. /KyKOBCKHH Bhi6paJI CnecapeBa -B TO BpeM5! ewe CTy)leHTa I1MTY (pycCKHI':\. )lHHJIOM 06 OKOHLJa-
HI1H 3Toro YYHJIHu~a OH rwnycmT JIHillh Y.epe3 rrapy JieT). 3HTOJ10rr.1SI T3HHCTBeHHbiX Clly4aeB ){HnJIOMb. llliii~P.\Ttf'I.'~O~ )lw~nll'~nr T• · ~III~I'I"L~"' )'•III.IIIMl•' r n• ~ o∙Moll.o••.u,. cnrf'n.. orro lllr~r.lli \.tl•i•n~"""~ c.,.,.:•rw.,,., ∙∙u•L '~"""· ,....,,. 11Ulka :i .\.rJI'fll I S.'t~ rh,tl. IIO!IIr,...I ~ H>Ir" Mt.p .. n•II.,OttuJ ..... "~"11'1~· 1!1 n. 1912 nur •o., .. ,. ~n .. a 11u.~·n "" "'·~• u••~r ~"")' "' 1 t..wri~• ) •w∙ .11q, IO.~pi'LI~M IM'MI.ITIIIillt I'L :lr;;u11(f'llllli~lll"l J.:,.'lllln-iW II "II<>"' 1 hn• 1!112 ro..11 r.t~n -∙'" "'u"""'r...,:~tuaHKwa. uo. .... r. "• OC'IOIIIli• BwcouiiUII ftRf~trlutu" n '∙• tPU IIUu J.~!U .. ,. •• n,~....,., .. ~ nit t61o lllllltP.IHPrton ~otco1non T t1u•~~u•~ hl.t••t.. 1pio.r.1rt.n. ~ II(IIIM II naepau.elll~ C'~, np1 II OK:TYII.l~lhl n roii'J,LRJI<'l ... lll)lfJ U)-liE∙ ..;. 6J. 11 IIIUTIJII .lMZIIOC'T. TC':tiiM.'&, n ··~t X-r• Llolr .... l'"f-~lf'l" • Bu~·ublt JUfp:~.lUHO'IIf ;'i Jhaapa I!Hl.l f'lt.ll utai• r.rf.UIPI'UI'Il• ~ ::7~ \'~ ~~~=~e:l~a~:=n::~ntr:::.~
11 :.~,.:::~ l'nlloln .tl paaoll~ .,lllt'U .. llnn :1111111_..1n .,. lluJtTI'PI'ftf llffl'll CDOlilltUII ,1o.1:.notta. o DIIJII t<M'.IIIItiiO llllfUN,Ifl'P rrpnnuuwn ptiSon., ltoOtiMI.e lfUOtTU.IUITt'l f.'IIJ, f.ltniJIII'If∙ .._-t 1 ... 11 I lpt'-
NIJIIfttUL .UIII.WI /'trtt*l"WI llJIUPII 0 lAIIirn II:.IUI'P'L•llr:tl• JIIA f~,IIIIP I WI, fA JJ.OnUd.pt"lle 'l~r. I JU• td: JIJI-10» :Ill 111..1.• .L~A!L IQtll IIUiliCUI I upi.I~IIU~ De'llfl hl.liLU. liO.lUIII. JIUUI ' .tut9l2ro.-. A•Pt tr~ HMflEPATfJf'CKA(CJ 4
,-:--• ......... ∙∙∙-∙∙∙ ~ ...... _J/v~~ ); ·~-
......... ~.L ~. c% ""~·~ --....... ,_ J; ~~, /lHnnoM B.A.Cnecapesa 06 OKOH'I8HHH HMTY GHOSSI∙IEHZO<;I.ICIIE TECHNISCHE 1-lOCIISC!llJLE l HH~IST.\DT. l.cu}(nis nl>cr Jic Diph,m·ll.mptpn:,run.~ lor 1l'" Elcklrnh.-.:lmi,o>h~o: Fxl~ · ~ 11:1-∙l'\>loo\ooo:. II. )I ~ ............ , •∙ "'-""••• ... \trio<lotr ~1.> .. .....,.,. -.1 Al'l""•tc J f.l.:~ ...... ~lm!.<lo< ~1<111; ...... 1.-.ill 1
.i~,;.,_.~<l<rio< ...... LO:"'∙...JK .. Iool,..... 1
.c ......... ~.~c<'r<~q:ttopl>io .... Td<yollclnlt ~,._~FJ.klrldU .......... . 1.F.MiriKIH:II.a ..... ,,.,.,. ... iN...... ~~ ..... "'-
~4a>Zrcolo ..... olo6 ., .... D~p&oon.fm.""...w-'""'-.. .w F.ld • .-....... r .. ~.-d~:~ .. .(J. lw-.Jt. ..... -?. ~'7.~ 1.: ,,,~. o.,.,. Ablllilunp∙ Vont-.1: d..-.">!1~:;---
/lHnnoM B.A.Cnecapesa, nony'leHHblii srepMaHHH CaMoneT-rlllraHT B KOHu,e MM 1910 r. BacHJJI1M A,npHa-
HOBWI CHOBa npHeXaJI B IJeTep6ypr. 0H 6hiJI XOJIOCT5!KOM, O)lJ-!aKO, YeTb!pe MeC5!-
u,a cnycTH ero ceMei1Hoe rronoJKeHHe 113-
MeHHJIOCh. B OI<T5!6pe OH noBeHYaJIC5! c H1-1r-row BJJaAHMHpOBHOH fHrrneHpei1Tep, KaK fOBOpHJIOCb B 6paY.HOM CBH)leTeJihC-
TBe, «npaBOCJiaBHOro BepOHCnOBe)laHH5!, 18 JJeT OT po)ly>,"> 0TeLJ, ee 6hiJl CKpOMHh!M cmr-roBHI1KOM, Bbrxo)lu,eM M3 IIIBe)lOB. HoBo6pacn-rbJe noceJJHJIHCb B I<BapTHpe 49 aHTOilOntSI TaMHCTBeHHbiX CllyL~aeB B.A.Cnecapes nocne nepee3Ra B nerep6ypr. 1910 r. B.A.Cnecapes (cnesa) B a3pORHHaMH'IeCKOH na6oparopHH nerep6yprcKoro nOnHTBXHH'IBCKOfOHHCTHTfT8 Ha CTapo-ITaproJIOBCKOH ymrue, B ~oMe Ng 37. <1Korna Mhr rro:>KeHI1JII1Cb, -
scrro-
MHHaJia H11Ha BJiatiYIM11pOBHa, -KBap-
mpa 6hrJia rroJiyrrycToi1. Baci1JII1i1 A,np11-
aHOBW-I :>KYIJI, KaK CTy~eHT». ITp11o6peJI11 Me6eJib. Y CJiecapesa rro-
51BHJIC5! noMalliHI1i1 Ka6YIHeT. Pa6oTM s HeM, Bac11JI11i1 A,np11aHoswr Hepe~Ko 3aCH:>KYIBaJIC5! ~0 rJiy6oKOH H0'-111. K senre 1911 r. CTpOYITeJibCTBO a3po-
ni1HaMH'-IecKoi1 Jia6opaTOp1111 6biJJO 3a-
sepUleHo. ITo TOMY speMeHYI OHa 6btJia JIYl.flliei1 s Espone. Ee 6oJibllia5! a3po-
~11 HaMwrecKa5! Tpy6a YIMeJia pa6o'-!yro '-!aCTb nl1aMeTpOM OKOJIO nsyx MeTpOB 11 CKOpOCTb B03nylliHOfO ITOTOKa no 20 MeTpos B ceKyH~Y. B 3Toi1 Tpy6e CJie-
capeBhiM 6biJIYI rrponyThr '-!acTH T5!:>KeJihrx CaMOJieTOB I1.11.CI1KOpCKOrO -
<1Pyc-
CKOrO BYIT5!35!>> 11 <<I1Jihl1 MypoMua>>. CJiecapes xopollio npe~cTaBJI5!JI CYIJib-
50 Ka6HHa «CBRToropa». Y Koneca-
B.A.Cnecapes Hb!e 11 CJia6bTe CTOpOHbl cyrueCTBOBaB-
lllYIX TOrna CaMOJieTOB 11 BCe 'larue 3any-
MbiBaJIC5! Han C03naHYieM C06CTBeHHOfO. ITpoeKT caMoJieTa-rYirmiTa Bac11JI11i1: An-
p11aHOBI1'-I Hal.faJI pa3pa6aTbiBaTb JieTOM 1914 r. 11 y)!(e 'lepe3 Tp11 Mec5!ua npen-
CTaBYIJI ero B OT~eJI Bo3nYlliHOro cj:JJioTa, cyrueCTBOBaBUl:HH np11, TaK Ha3biBaeMOM, Oco6oM KOMI1TeTe no yc11Jiemno cj:)JioTa Ha ~o6pOBOJibHble f!O)!(epTBOBal-!115!. ITpoeKT 6hrJI o~o6peH. Oco6hri1 KOMI1TeT ~a)!(e corJiaCI1JJC5! np11o6pecT11 Hosyro MaUltiHy, eCJIH OHa 0Ka)!(eTC5! yna'-IHOH. Ho ~eJio snpyr rrpHH51JJO HeO:>KI1~aHI-Ihii1 o6opoT. EoraTbTH noMeiU11K MapK Ma-
JJbiHCKMi1 113BeCTI1JI KOMI1TeT, '-ITO rOTOB onJiaTMTb nocTpoi1Ky caMoJieTa CJieca-
pesa 11 naTh Ha 3TO 100 TbiC. py6. l.fenHO'"IHbllli pellic HaMepeHI1e MaJibiHCKoro He 6hrJio cJiy-
'-!ai1:HbiM. 0ni1H H3 nepBb!X aBI1aTOpOB-
ITOJI5JKOB OH, <1:>KeJia5! ITOCJIY)!(I1Tb Po~11-
He B T5J)!(eJIYIO f0~11HY» (y)!(e TIOJib!XaJia ITepsa5! MHposM soi1Ha), pa3pa6oTaJI rrnaii 'leJIHO'-IHoro noneTa 113 Pocc11H so <DpaHU1110 H o6paTHO C TeM, '-IT06bi ITO ITYTH pa360M611Tb KpynnOBCKYie 3aBO~bl B 3cceHe. KoHe'-IHO, npe~JIO)!(eHHe ero 6biJIO rrp11H5ITO. B ~orosope, 3aKJIIO'-IOHHOM Me)!(~ y Ma-
JibiHCKHM 11 CJiecapeBbiM, yKa3biBaJIYICb TeXHYI'leCKHe ~aHI-Ibie CaMOJieTa: ITOJieT-
1-Ib!H sec -
6500 KHJIOrpaMMOB, TIOJie3-
Ha5! Harpy3Ka -
3000 KI1JIOrpaMMOB, naJibHOCTb 6ecrrocano'-IHOI:Io rroJieTa -
He MeJ-ree 1300 KHJIOMeTpOB, CKOpOCTb-
OKOJIO 100 KHJIOMeTpOB B 'laC, ITOTOJIOK-
2500 MeTpos. ITpoeKT Cnecapesa ynos-
JieTBOp51JI 3THM Tpe6oBaHJ15!M. ITo yCTpoikTBy caMoJieT 6brJI 6HITJiai-IoM C ~BYM5! ~BHraTeJI5!MI1, paCf!OJIO)!(eH-
HbiMI1 ( OTJII1'-111TeJibHa5! OC06eHHOCTb) BHYTPH cj:Jro3eJI5J)!(a, '-ITO yMeHhlliaJIO no6osoe conpOTMBJieHHe 11 no3BOJIM-
JIO 6bl npH Heo6xonHMOCTI1 ITO~XOni1Tb rexHMKa-MonoAii>KM II #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 flOCTpOiiKa f/IID3BRRJKB CBflfORBTB «CBRTOrOp» K MOTOpaM BO BpeM5! ITOJieTa. 0T MOTO-
pOB K .UBYM 60JiblUHM B03.UYillHb!M BI1H-
TaM, yCTaHOBJieHHb!M !103a.[{l1 Kpb!JibeB, lUJII1 TpaHCMI1CCHH. Pa3Mepbi caMoJieTa rropa.JKaJII1: .UJI11Ha Koprryca -
21 MeTp, pa3Max BepXHero KpbiJia-
36 MeTpOB, .[{HaMeTp BHHTOB-
6 MeTpOB, 3a.[{HI1e KOJieCa lllaCCI1 -Bb!llle 'leJIOBe'leCKOfO pOCTa. 3TO 6biJI Kpyrr-
HeMlUI1M CaMOJieT Tex JieT Op11r11HaJib-
HOM KOHCTPYKU:1111. Mallli1Ha CTp011JiaCb Ha 3aBo.ue B.A.Jie6e.ueBa B fleTporpa.ue. 0Ha pac-
www.technlcamolodezhi.ru > CLJHTb!BaJiaCb 110.[{ MOTOpbl MOIUHOCTbiO 300 JIOilla.[{I1HbiX CI1JI Ka.JK.[{biM, HO y.ua-
JIOCb ITOJiyqHTb, 11 TO C 60JiblUOM 3a.[{ep)I(-
KOM, cppaHuy3CK11e aBHaMOTOpbr THrra « PeHO ~ MOIUHOCTbiO ITO 220 JIOllla.[{I1HbiX CI1JI. JlHlllb K KOHU:Y cpeBpaJI5! 1916 r. c6opKa CaMOJieTa 6biJia ITOJIHOCTbiO 3aBeplUeHa. Ha'!aJiacb ero OTJia.[{Ka Ha KoprrycHOM a3po.upoMe. l1 cpa3y )l(e Bbi5IBI1JIHCb He.[{OCTaTKH TpaHCMI1CCHM B03.UYillHbiX BHHTOB. 0HI1 TO 11 .[{eJIO BbiX0.[{11JIH H3 CTp05!. aHT0110n1SI Ta~HCTBeHHbiX Clly"'aeB H3rorosneHHe Kphtnhes /liiR caMonera Cnecapesa B ycJIOBI15IX BOMHbi u:eHbi Ha MaTep11aJibi H pa6oL£yro CI1JIY pe3KO rro.ucKOL£11JII1. K .ueHhraM MaJibiHCKoro CJiecapeB .uo6a-
BI1JI C06CTBeHHbie, HCTpaTHB HH MHOfO HH MaJIO 65 TblC. py6., HO 11 3TOfO ?Ka3a-
JIOCb He.[{OCTaTOLJ:HO. CeMe~Hafl ApaMa flpHlllJIOCb o6paTHThC5! K BeJIHKOMY KH5!3IO AneKcaH.upy M11xai1JIOBI1LJ:Y, rrpe.uce.uaTeJIIO Oco6oro KOMHTeTa, lllecpy pyccKOM BOeHHOM aBHaiii111 C 11p0Cb60i1: o cy6c11.U1111. HaLJ:aJiacb 6opb6a MHeHI1i1:. .li,Be KOMI1C-
CI111 B fleTep6ypre BbiCKa3aJII1Cb npOTI1B accHrHoBaHI15! Ha cJiecapeBCKHM caMo-
JieT <<.[{a.JKe CaMOM HHLJ:TO)I(HOM Ka3eHHOM CYMMbi~. 3aKJIIOL£eHI1e 6hiJIO 1
rrpe.[{B35!-
TbiM, nocnelUHhiM, .Ua.JKe HenpH5!3HeH-
HbiM. B MocKBe )l(e KOMI1CCI15! BO rJiaBe c H.EJKyKOBCKI1M, HarrpoTHB, CLJ:HTaJia ueJiecoo6pa3HhTM rrpo.uoJI)I(aTb pa60Ty HaL{ CaMOJieTOM 11 .[{OKa3b!BaJia 3TO !10.[{-
po6Hb!M paCLJ:eTOM. focy.uapCTBeHHOM no.IU(ep)I(KI1 CJieca-
peB TaK H He noJiyqi1JI. Ha 6e.uy, rrp11 pyJie)I(Ke no a3po.upoMy (11crrhrTaTe-
JieM 6hiJI H3BeCTHbiM BOeHHbiM aBI1aTop 51 • I I BHTOilOn'IR TBIAHCTBeHHbiX Cllyl.faeB «CBRrorop» nocne asapHH ' E.B.PyAHeB) OAHO H3 KOJiec caMOJICTa ITOIIaJIO B Ape11WKIIY10 KallaBKy, 11 MaWH-
Ha IIOJIYY I !Jia 3Ha'!HTeJibHbie 110Bpe1KtJ,e-
HI151. li1x YAaJIOCb yCTpaHHTh, HO HJITepec K CaMOJieTy CTaJI raCHYTb. IlpH6JIVIJKaJIC51 TparHYecKart AJI51 Pocom 1917 r. CyAh-
6a YHIIKaJibHort MaWHHhi Bee TaK JKe oc-
TaBaJiacb lle51CHOM. B JIHYII
OIL JKI13HH CJiecapeBa TOJKe lla-
3peBana ApaMa. CeMeMHbi}I noKoti 6biJI pa3pyweH, Koma Ha rryTH BacHJIH51 An,paa!IOBI1Ya 11051BHJJaCb ell(C OAJ!a JKeHlUIIIIa, KceHH51 Tpon. ITo BocnoMII-
HamuiM cccrpbl CJiecapeBa, Tpou pa6o-
TaJia B IJOJIIITCXHHYCCKOM II HCTIITYTC ccKpeTapcM-
Maw 11HHCTKorL KpacHBllil, H36aJIOBaHIIa51, BJiaC
THa51 OHa CTpaCTHO BJII06HJiacb B BacHJII151 An.pHaHOBHLJa. B IleTporpaAe HaCTynHJIH T51JKKvle Bpe-
MCIIa -pa3pyxa, roJIOA, xoJIOA. PewHJIH, LITO H mta BJiaAHMHpOBHa, JKAaBUia51 BTOpOrO pe6eHKa, yetJ,eT BMCCTC C IUCC-
TI1JieTIIeil AOYepblO 0Jibroi1 B CH6Hpb, B H
oBo-HHKOJiaeBcK (~1bn1 e HoBOCII-
6npcK), rne ycJIOBII51 JKI13HII6b1JI vi JIYY UJe. llyMaJIII, llellanoJiro. Ha caMOM ACJie -
11a ueiibiX YeTbtpe rotJ,a. BTopa51 TtOLib, HaTaJib51, pOA11JiaCb yJKe B CH611p11. CorJiaCHO MpecHoMy cnpaBOY H 11 Ky <<Becb IleTporpaA1> 3a 1917 r., KceJIH51 Tpou JKIIJia 1m 20-ti JIHHnn BacHJibeB-
cKoro OCTpoBa, B noMe N~ 11. Ot(llaKo yJKe B CJJeAyJOweM, 1918 r. flO 3TOMY atJ,pecy O
lia He 3HaYJ1TC51. 06b51CIIe11VIe npocroe: KceHWI OcMnOBHa nepecxana K CIIecapeBy, cj:>aKTI1YeCKH cTaB cro BTO-
pol!, lieOcpiiUHaJibHOH, JKeHO}l. Y HI1X p0-
)li1JIC51 CbiH BHKTop. He npoJKHB 1'1 rona, MaJibYIIK yMep OT BOCI1aJieliH51 Jieri(I1X. PoKOBOH BbiCTpen PoACTBellliiiKH BacHJII15.1 An.pt~a JI OBH­
Ya CTaJIII npl1BbiKaTb K KceHHM Tpm.( vi 52 B rtMCbMax H3 CJielllteBo y1Ke nocblJiaJIH eM. npHBeThi 11 noKJIOHbT. A TeM BpeMe-
HeM npH6JIH/KaJiaCb CrpaWHa51 pa3B513Ka 3 TOI~l HenpOCTO}i 11CTOpHH. JlcTOM 1921 r. I-hma BJiaAHMHpOBHa c tJ,eTbMH peUJHJia B03BpaTHTbC51 B IleT-
porpatJ,. Ha BOK3aJt B ACilb 11x npHe3-
Aa BacHJIHM An,pHaHOBHLJ He npHUJeJI. BcTpCTHJIHCb yJKe AOMa. <<0Teu 6hm HC-
xy;J.aBWHM, B 11pOCTOj;'l py6axe>>, -
paC-
CKa3b!BaJ!a awropy 3TI1X cTpoK LlOY b CJie-
capeBa, 0Jihra Bac11J1 beBita. Ilo51BJieHHe HHHbi BJiaAHMHpOBiibl 22 vi!OJI51 lia Cra-
po-
IIaproJIOBCKOH Bbi3BaJIO y KceH H vi Tpou 51pocn10e B03MYllleiiHe 11 npHcTyn pemmcTM: <~3a LieM npHexa;m!>> Ha CJieAyiOlUHH Aellb y HCC cocT051JIC51 6ypHbi}r pa3roBop c BacvtJtHeM An.pHa-
HOB!1YeM B ero AOMalllliCM Ka6HHeTe. Ji1 BApyr pa3tJ,aJIC51 peBOJl bBepl lblM BbiCTpeJI. KorTta Hmra BJiaTtHMHpOBIIa B6C/KaJia B Ka61111eT, CJi
ecapeB JieJKaJI 11a noJiy, B JiyJKe KpOBH. TJyJI51 npo611Jia eMy fOJlOBY B03Jie HOCa y rJta3a H BblWJta Ita 3aTblJIKC. OH yMep, He npHX01t51 B C03HaJure. Tpou apecTOBaJIH. CIIeACTBlle npo)loJI-
JKaJIOCb MCC51qa Tpli. 3aTeM 6b1JI cyA. IloACYAHMa51 3a51BHJia, YTO y6HBaTb CJie-
capeBa He C06HpaJtaCb, I !all pOTHB, XOTeJia nor<OHLIHTb c co6otL BacvuiH}I An.pHaHo-
BWI CXBaHIJI ee 3a pyKy, CTaJI OTI-IHMaTb peBOJ
lbBep, npOH30111CJI CJI)"-taHiiblj;'l Bbi-
CTpeii. Tpoq 61>1Jia onpaBTtmm.llaJibHei1-
W
a51 CYAb6a ee IICII3BCCTIIa. BacHJII151 A!lPIIaHOBiilla noxopOiiiiJIH Ha CTapOM IJH CKapCBCKO~ I KJian61∙1We, B03Jie u
epKBH, MOrHJia coxpaH51JiaCb no 1941 r., KOrna uepKOBb ClleCJIH, II ~ICCTO 3axopo-
HeHH51 3aTep51IIOCb llaBCCrJ(a. "LlcpC3 MHOfO JlCT 11051BIIJiaCb CrpaHHa51 BepcH51 rH6eJIH C;1ecapcBa: 6yTtTO 61>1 KcctiH51 Tpot( 61>1J1a liCMCI!KOI'I lllili10H-
KOJ\ KOTOpa51, COBepUJHB y6llr!CTBO, 110-
XHTHJia ABa LJeMonaHa c Li e pT eJKa~ m 11 paCtteTaMH CaMOJlCTa. 3Ty BepCIIiO llep-
BOii BbLCKa3aJia cecTpa CJiecapeBa, a 3a-
TCM CC llOBTOp51IIH HCMHOfOLIHCJiellllbiC 6Horpacj)bl 3aMeLJaTeJibHoro HH1Ke1repa. r ~6e11b ~Ae~ EnHJICTBeJutbJM CBHt(eTeJieM Tpare-
nHH, eCJIII lie CYHTaTb MaJIOJICTHJlX tJ,e-
TeM (0Jibra BacHJibeBHa BcnollniHaJia: <<MeH51 B Ka6mteT lie BllYCTI!JlH1> ), 6btJta JKeHa C;recapcBa. 0Ha npoJKIIJia AOJI-
ryiO JKH3Hb l1 yMepJia B B03paCTC 87 JICT, B 1980 r. llo KOHUa CBOHX n11e1'1 HHHa B;
ranvrMvrpoBHa THJKeJio nepeJKH BaJia rw6eJib MY)Ka, JlO HHKOrtJ,a He lia3bl BaJia Tpou lllllHOHKOH. lla HHKaKoro ccKpcTa B To BpCM5! caMOJICT CJiecapeBa yJKe 11 lie npenCTaBJI51JI. A B YeMOAaHax Tpou, llaBepHOC, Bb!lleCJia CBOH JIHLIHbie BeUHI (paCCKa3blBaJIH, 'ITO OHa Jli06HJta Hap51-
)lbl VI TtOpOrHC yKpawell!151 ). ApxviB CJiecapeBa no cHx nop He rJattne11. CKopcc Bcero, ou ue coxpamtJJC51. Ho COBCeM 1-1e llOTOMy, YTO 6b!JI TIOX}IIlJeH, a no ApyrHM rrpwmHaM. l!Ba rotJ,a cnycT51 nocJie rH6eJIH BacHJIII51 AJipHaHOBvrYa HHHa BJiaAJIMIIpOBiia BbiUJ
Jia 3aMyJK BTopwmo H nepecxana c neTbMH Ha KpoHBepKcKm1 npocneKT. IJOTOM ewe lleCKOJ!bKO pa3 OHH MeH51JIII Mpeca, nepeJK}IJt 11 CHJibHOe HaBonHem 1e 1924 r. Ilp11 YaCTb!X Hepee3tJ,ax AOKyMeii-
Tbl apxHBa MorJIH TepHTbCH. Bottua 11 6JJOKatJ,a, HO-BvtnvtMOMy, AOBepUJHJIH ero m6eJrb. Y11<e uocJte cMepTI1 CJiecapeBa'ero caMo-
JieT 6biJI Ha3BaH <iCB51TOropOM1>, Hl\lCile~J 6biJIHliHOro 6oraThrpH. CaM KOHCTpyK-
Top CBOLO KpblJiaTyiO MaUJHHY llliKOrna TaK I-IC lla3bJBaJL 3a HeCKOJibKO MeCHUeB )10 Tparcnllll CJiccapcB corJiacuJICH H3MCHIITb KOH-
CTPYKUHIO caMoJreTa, OTKa3aTbC51 oT TpaHCMHCCHj;'l H ycraHOBIITb MOTOpbl Ha HHJKHeM KpbiJJe. Ho C)leJraTb 3TO TaK H IIC YAaJlOCb. MawHIIa CJiecapeBa rto-npcJKIICMY C
llpOTJIHBO CT051Jia B 60JiblJJOM a11rapc KopnycHoro a3pOLlPOllra. B 1923 r. ca~w­
JICT rtp11311aJHI ~ IOpaJibHO yCTapeB IIIII~I 1∙1 pa3o6paJIH. HcKOTOpbie ero Y3Jibl 11 lleTaJIH 6biJI}I 1iCpcBe3CHbi B MocKBy. lloJ1roc BpeM51 OliH xpaHHJJHCb B Bocii-
IIO-B031lYIIJiiOH aKa/teMHII, H peAJ<O KTO lie BOCX}I LL(aJIC51 llpOTtyMall I-IOCTbiO II CO-
BCj)UICHCTBOM }IX KOiiCTPYKUIIII, 11 (1~ 111 0-
ro oncpCTtiiBLuej;'l CBOC BpeM51. TM rexHHKa-MOftOAO)I(H II #93711 o•r•6pb 2011 B
bl I!IMeere B03MO)!(HOCTb 3aKa3aTb KHI!Irl!l, )!(ypHanbl 111 DVD-AIIICKI!I Hawero 1113AaTeJ1bCTBa B mo6y10 TOliKY POCCI!II!I. HaJlO)f(eHHbiM nnaTe)!(OM T
OBap, K CO)!(aJleHIIIIO, He BbiCbiJlaeM. CaMbl~ 6biCTpbl~ cnoco6 Kym1Tb 1113.QaHII1~ -
np111exarb s pe.QaK411110 no a.Qpecy: MocKsa, yn. necHafl, A∙ 39, ocp. 307, ren.: (495)234-16-78 ---------------------------------------------------------------------, 6Jiamc aaxaaa <D.M.O. -------
TeJie¢oH A,npec l1u,ZJ,eKc ---------
06JiaCTb, pai1oH ------
fopo,ll, ---------
YJil∙UJ:a )loM __ Kopnyc ____ _ KBapnt:pa/ o¢Hc 3All0JIHHTE 6nauK 33Ka3a, H3 B C ~ C HH C H K BHTaJI~. IIEPElJ:HCJIHTE JJ.CIIbrH ua yKaaallll&tii pac'lenlhJH C'ICT. OIDPABbTE Konmo KBHTauu;uu C OTMCTKOH 06 On113TC H aanoJinenn&Iii 6nanK aaKaaa no <f>aKcy ( 495) 234-16-78 nJiu no a)l.pecy: 127051, MocKua, aj11 94. T
CJJ. ( 499) 972-63-11 technicamolodezhi.ru 3AO .-KopnopaU,HJ~ BECT• ue uecb O'Tlle'TC'IlleHIIocnt 38 CpoKH llpGXO*JJ.CUHSI KOppeCDOIIJ\tHUIIH. B 1.\CHY BKJIJO'Iena JJ.OCTaoKa. 5I 3aKa3biBaio: -----------------
KaccHp ,O,ara _________ _,3AO _!KOpnoQID~HII BECT• (IIO/IY"3r ••nna• I 40702810038090106637 MocKOBCKMM 6aHK C6ep6aHK3 POCCMM OAQ r. MOCKBa ----
(Ha e ~e6ihl01) 30101810400000000225 KOO 0701001 KOA 0K0 42734153 ,PJ"'=.=..:::""""----
Cl>.l-1.0. ~ nnare)l(a ----+-
,O,ara AI'MIIII, CI'AJKEHIIR, YHHOI'IIA 1. Ap111111 Yqlllllfot1917 -1920 rr., 14/J c ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.•• .200 2. ApMeilcKIIII Y~~a~~ • t I'DCCIIII 1 1812 r., 611 c ................................ 110 3. ApM,. ,.,, Ill. 1755-1762 rr., 100 c .................................. 190 4. 6Malllplllllllla CIIIIPII I'DCCIIII, 1918-1920 rr., U C ............... 120 5. 6ent.IB lpllllll Cslepo-:JinlA/1 I'DCCIIII, 1918-
1920 rr., 48 C ....... 120 6. YIIIII/IOP•~ apJIIIil MlfPa I'∙ 1506-1104 rr., B8 c ................................................... 130 II,, 1104-
1871 rr., B8 c .................................................. 130 Ill'∙ 1880-1970 rr., 6B c ................................................. 130 7. YIIIII/Hii1IU KpaciiOillp-1936-1945, 64 c ......................... 130 8. r1lpAtliQafi """""' ~~ 1960-1 rr., 84 c ........................... 135 9. 11Hoc7pa~~~~to~e JIQ6polon .. , uiii:K CC, 48 c •............................. 130 10, IIHMII~~M llln'IIKIIX [JIIIIIIII, I 1J. tl6n., 158 c ............................ 150 11. llcrop,. Rlf/IITCTII, 1U C .................................................. 160 12. /lpiii'CIUfll'llll (ytUII/Hipllll, 3HHJf pWIJI'IJIII}, 46 c. .. .................. 120 13. Ylllfi/IOpllll rPHCJIIIICKDilllllilllw 1936-1939 rr. I llcllllllllf, 64 c ................................................................ 120 14. 31faiCII f'DCCifiii:Koi lllfiiiiUI1910-
1917 rr., 56 C ................... 12D 15. 6lrru Ita KVIKII I nrrtJ 1223 r., 64 c ...................................... 130 ABIIA/IIIR 16. Ailu14116 rpUI/IiiiiCKDi lllil~~~o~, 168 c .................................... .2511 17./IDCnOM11113HIIIIIOtiiiiDrt1 n~Jo!lllfi.IICIIWTIIWIII. C.A.MIIIIO.H, I 1J. tl6n., 478 c •............................................. 400 18. Ore.eCTJII-11 60MNPRJ1P~ (1945 -2000}, I •∙∙ rt. tl6n., 270 c, .......................................................... .350 19. XafwtH.ron. Bllilu 1 IIIJJRYXI, 6B c ....................................... 150 20. ~ ~IIIJfl( CY-2, 110 c ................................. 190 21. «NcDOCTU» 111111 MDpfM, 56 C ............................................ 130 22. Ty-2, 104 c ..................................................................... 190 23.llc7pe6lmnlllleptllillllllplll#i ltlilllw .•. 1, 84 c ...................... .2511 24. •crpe6Kren, nepu~~llllfNIIDI .-..,. '∙ z, 75 c ...................... .2511 25. Htlf3BIICTIIIII 6/ml111116e MoclrAI, 1941-1945 rr., 1U C ....... 300 26./lcrllpllll [J13IIITIIII IIIII/PIIIII'DCCIIII1908-1920 rr ............... .260 27. eo.m:o• IOtllllall 111111/411111922-1945 rr., 82 c .................. 150 28. ~IIIWB CPIII/IIin.l llepull ,,., lllilllfol, 76 C ................. 180 61'0HETEXHIIKA 29. 0cHOIIIOil6oeloi 1JIIII CU/A M1 «Mpa-. 6B c ....................... 120 30. 6poHBTIIXIIIIKI Rn_,, 1939-
1945 rr.,' 88 c ......................... 150 31.1111Bpllt4lfii«.,Ktr-I'IIP/Ifll" cpu-11 u Ap/1611, 50 c .............. 130 32
. TIIIKII Bropoll MllpiiiQil. BeptiVT, 611 C •................................. .220 33. 11/IKII Brop/lil MlfiJHDI/. Kit. 2: Cillo3IIIIICII, 611 C ....................... .200 34. f'aKIIrlltoiB r.JIIICII, 52 C ........................................................ 130 IPIKIT 35. lllop•o 1 rfJIJICRIIIC«Dil 1Di11111, 82 c ...................................... 120 36. Jlai"'PW 111 lllilllll 1897-1914 rr. nocrpoilo, 86 c ................. 150 37. /lailllepw ulllil1111 1936-1968 rr. nocrpoiiCII, 96 c ................. 150 38. lllllflliHWIIIIIpl6nlf nllll «lt-parJIIflll .,,.,., 48 C ............... 1611 39. Orrlec1JII"""II IIORIOIIII•II /IDRICII /10 1918 r., 76 c ................... 180 40. rny6otrDIIDIIII•" llllllpiTW, 111 c ......................................... 160 OI'YJKIIE 41. 310/IIIHjllll crpllRICDIIDrO oppo~~~,l •• ,l~JtADpol. B., '208 c .......... .280 42. :llon/0111111 crpfiiKDIIDfO opput~~,/1 '∙• 320 C •.......................... .280 43. Cnpalll'lllllll no crpiiiiiiDIIOMY DPYDHJ IIIIOt:TpallllloiX ,,, 280 c ................................................ .290 U. Cl!paiii'IIIIIK IHIIWT»IIIII, Pf'llltolll II Cllllllflll•-tplllar.JII IIIIIICr[JIMWX 6fll/lllll, 133 C •.............. .290 HOBJIHIOI 45. MlrrfNIIII"''II vm C'f1111111lDIIDrO oppra 1111R Pllll∙ 6nii'OIIIJIUU A.A. r. 1,2,3, ............. 1H1250 pyf. IUrO 750 46. CnDupl. TIIXJIII.et:ICIIZ Tfl/llll-
6ltm11Dr0 llfNJIICZD/fiRIIIIIII, I 1J. tl6n., 181 C ............................ 140 47.1fcTDpllll ClllinepCKDrO IICICfCCTJI, 0. I'13111DI, 1611 C .................. 200 48. {)rpM CIIIIIIII/IWIIII'O lll:llla.tiiiiii«PyC,.., 256 C •....................... 350 OVO ApXJIBhl MypHiUIOB «TBXIIHKI-MORDRBJKII» (1933-
2008), «OpyJKIIB» (1994-2008} If «AIHHMacrep» (1996-
2007} Ha npasax peK!laMbl MexaHH'IBCKHe H 8MDPTH3HPYIOIQHB H a116oJiee ITOITYJI.HpHbiMI1 c 30-x rr. B XX B. IJ:O Hawero BpeMeHI1 oCTa-
IOTC.H fJIYIIII1TeJII1 3ByKa BbiCTpe-
Jia pacrn11p11TeJihHoro TI1ITa. Ho ecTh OC06hiH TI1IT <<ITp1160pOB iJ:JI.H rJiyrneHI1.H 3ByKa BbiCTpeJia», KOTOpbiH ITp11MeH.H-
eTC.H Kpai:fHe pe!J:KO. 3TO ycTpOHCTBa aMOpT113ali,I10HHOfO TI1ITa, OCHOBai-IHbie Ha MeXaHI1~eCKOM ITO!J:aBJieHI111 3ByKa BhiCTpeJia. B HI1X ::mepr11.H 11CTeKaiOili,I1X 113 CTBOJia ITOpOXOBbiX ra30B TpaTI1TC.H Ha ~J:ecpopMali,I1IO ITPYJKI1H, 11JII1 iJ:PYrHX yiTpyri1X ;:JJieMeHTOB-IJ:eMITcpepOB, JII160 Ha ITepeMeiiieHI1e ( ITOCTyiTaTeJibHOe 11JII1 Bpalll,aTeJihHOe) KaKI1X-JII160 ~aCTeH Ca-
MOfO fJIYIIII1TeJI.H. B 1898 r. cppaHU.Y3CKI1H ITOJIKOBHI1K fyM6epT C031J:aJI ITepBbiH 113BeCTHbiH MexaHI1Y:eCKI1H rJiyiiii1TeJib. Ha iJ:YJib-
HOH Y:aCTI1 CTBOJia ycTaHaBJII1BaJiocb yCTpOHCTBO C li,I1JII1HIJ:p11Y:eCKI1M KaHa-
JIOM, ITpOiJ:OJIJKaiOili,I1M KaHaJI CTBOJia, KaMOpOH C KJiaiTaHOM 11 OTBO!J:HbiMI1 Ka-
HaJiaMI1 IJ:JI.H ITopoxOBhrx ra30B. B «opy-
IJ:I1HHOM>> Bap11aHTe KJiaiTaHOM CJIYJKI1Jia MaCCI1BHa.H ITJiaCTI1Ha, rnapH11pHO yK-
peiTJieHHa.H Ha rrorrepeYHOH oc11. IlocJie BbiJieTa CHap.HIJ:a 113 CTBOJia CJie!J:yiOill,l1e 3a HI1M ra3bl IIOIJ:HI1MaJII1 IIJiaCTI1HY 11 IIp11JK11MaJII1 ee K iJ:YJibHOMY OTBepc-
TI1IO. 0TceY:eHHhre ra3bi c6pacbiBaJII1Ch B aTMOCcpepy Y:epe3 TOHKI1e OTBOIJ:Hhle KaHaJihi Ha3a!J: -
yCTpoi:fcTBO IJ:OJIJKHO 6biJIO CJIYJKI1Tb eru.e 11 iJ:YJihHbiM TOpM0-
30M. B «CTpeJIKOBOM» Bap11atne BMec-
TO IIJiaCTI1Hbl 11CIIOJib30BaJIC.H CTaJib-
HOH rnap11K, IIOIJ:HI1MaeMhiH 113 CBOero fHe31J:a ra30Bb!M ITOTOKOM 11 ITeper<pbi-
BaBIIII1M iJ:YJihHbiH cpe3. B 11CXO!J:HOM IIOJIOJKeHI111 rnap11K CB060IJ:HO JieJKaJI B CITell,l1aJibHO CIIpOcp11JI11pOBaHHOM rHe31J:e Ha IJ:He li,I1JII1HIJ:p11Y:eCKOfO KOp-
ITyca HaCaiJ:KI1, He rrpeii.HTCTBY.H BbiJieTy rryJIH. Ilp11 BhrCTpeJie ITYJI.H CB060IJ:HO IIpOXOIJ:I1Jia ITO KaHaJiy, a CJie!J:yiOill,l1e 3a Hei:f rropoxOBhre ra3hi ~J:aBI1JII1 Ha wap11K, KOTOpbiH, ITepeMelll,a.HCb ITO HaKJIOHHOH rrepe~J:Hei:f CTeHKe rJiyiiii1TeJI.H, 3aiT11paJI co6oi1 ITyJieiTpoiTyCKHOe OTBepCTI1e. B 11Tore ra3bi oKa3biBaJII1Ch 3aiTepTbJ-
MI1 B 3aMKHYTOM 06oeMe 11 Me!J:JieHHO CTpaBJII1BaJII1Cb Y:epe3 OTBepCTI1.H B 3a-
IJ:HeH CTeHKe yCTpOHCTBa. )lOCTOI1HCTBaMI1 11306peTeHI1.H fyM6ep-
Ta 6hiJII1 CpaBHI1TeJihHa.H .KOMITaKTHOCTb 11 ITpOCTOTa KOHCTPYKII1111. Ho 11CIThiTa-
HI1.H IIOKa3aJII1, Y:TO ITpOpbiB ra30B Hapy-
JKY eru.e ,[(0 BbiXO,[(a CHap.HIJ:a (rryJI11) 113 CTBOJia He II03BOJI.HJI ,[\OCTI1Yb JKeJiae-
MOH rreJII1. EhrJII1 11 ,a_pyme He,a_ocTaTKI1. fyM6epT IIb!TaJIC.H ycoBepweHCTBOBaTb CBOI1 yCTpOHCTBa, HO 6e3 oco6oro yciTe-
xa. MHoro rrpe,a_JiaraJIOCh pa3JII1Y:HhiX <<3BYKOfJIYIIII1TeJieH>> B fOIJ:bi IlepBOH M11pOBOH. B Pocc1111 B HaY:aJie 1915 r. f. qi1MITaeiiiOB rrpe!J:JIOJKI1JI rJIYIIII1TeJib I<OM611H11pOBaHHOH CXeMhi. fJIYIIII1TeJib HaBI1H~I1BaJIC.H Ha iJ:YJibHYIO ~aCTb CTBO-
Jia BI1HTOBK11, BHYTPI1 rJiyrni1TeJI.H y iJ:YJibHOfO Cpe3a CTBOJia MOHT11pOBaJIC.H KJiaiiaH 113 IJ:BYX cp11rypHbiX Ka~aiOili,I1X ­
C.H pbiYaroB Ha ITorrepeY:Hbrx oc.Hx. Phr-
Yarl1 pa3BOA11JII1Cb B CTOpOHbi BhiJieTa-
IOill,eH rryJiei:f 11 TYT JKe CJKI1MaJII1Ch 3a CY:eT 1J:aBJieHJ15! IIOpOXOBbiX ra30B Ha 11X 3a!J:HI1e JIOIIaCTI1, OTCeKa.H 3TI1M 60Jib-
rnyro ~acTh ra30B. Ilepe,a_ KJiaiTaHoM pa3Meru.aJiaCh pacw11p11TeJihHa.H KaMepa C aMOpT113aTOpOM, raCI1BWI1M 3Hepr11IO oCTaBrni1XC.H ra3oB. TexHI1~ecKI1i1 Ko-
MI1TeT fBYT ,a_aJI Tor,a_a Heo,a_o6p11TeJib-
HbiH OTBeT, CIIpaBe,[(JII1BO 3aKJIIO~I1B, Y:TO TaKOe yCTpOHCTBO «3I-IaY:I1TeJihHO CJ-111JKaeT MeTKOCTb CTpeJih6hi>>. Ho H3o6peTaTeJH1 He ycrroKai1BaroTC.H. fepMaHCKHH HHJKei-Iep I03ecp PyiJ:OJibcp CMaTY: B 1984 r. npe!J:JIOJKI1JI op11mHaJih-
Hyro KOHCTPYKUHIO HaiJ:yJihHOro Mexa-
HI1YecKoro rnyw;neJI.H. Ero yCTpoii:cTBO O~eHh HaiTOMI1HaeT o6b!YHblH MHOfOKa-
MepHbiH fJIYIIIHTeJib paCW11p11TeJibHOf0 TI1ITa, HO ITp11CIIOC06JieHI1e IIOY:TH IIOJI-
HOCTbiO Ha!J:eBaeTC.H Ha CTBOJI opyJKI!I5!, JII1IIIh cJierKa BhiCTyrra.H 3a ero cpe3. To ecTb ycTpaH.HJIC.H rropoK Bcex HaiJ:yJih-
HhiX yCTpoticTB -
rpoM031J:KOCTh. Ilp11 3TOM rJiyWI1TeJib 11MeJT B03MOJKHOCTb ITepeMelll,aThC5l Bt(OJib CTBOJia BIIepeiJ:. Ilp11 BhrCTpeJie ITopoxoBbie ra3bi, y,a_a-
p.H.HCh o ITOITepe~Hh r e neperopoAK11, ne-
peMeru.aJTI1 Koprryc yCTpoticTBa Bnepe!J:, pe3r<o yBeJII1~11Ba.H ero o6oeM. B Hcxo,a_-
Hoe ITOJIOJKeHI1e fJIYIIII1TeJib B03Bpa-
ru.aeTc.H rrpyJKI1HOH. BhrrO!J:hi, Ka3aJIOCh 6hr, o~eBHAHhJ: yCTpoticTBO KOMITaKT-
HO 11 IIO~TI1 He yBeJII1Y11BaeT ra6ap11-
Tbl CTaHIJ:apTHOfO opyJKI15T, a TOT cpaKT, ~TO paCW11p5TIOill,l1eC5T ra3bl AOIIOJIHI1-
TeJihHO 3aTpaYI1BaiOT CBOIO 3Hepr11IO AneKce~ AP,QAWEB, 1!1H)K8Hep P111c. M111xa111na WMVlTOBA Ha MexaHI1~ecr<yro pa6oTy IT03BOJI5TeT IIOBbiCI1Tb ero 3cpcper<T11BHOCTb, TO eCTb CHI1311Tb ypoBeHb 3ByKa ITp11 BbiCTpeJie. Ho rre,a_ocTaTKI1, K coJKaJieHI1IO, ITepeBe-
IIII1BaroT iJ:OCTOI1HCTBa. MexaHI1Y:ecKoe yCTpOHCTBO, rrepeMelll,aiOill,eeC5I BiJ:OJib CTBOJia, CI-!11JKaJTO HaiJ:eJKHOCTb opyJKI15T B u.eJIOM, 11 KYY:HOCTh cTpeJib6hr. K TOMY JKe, caM KOHCTPYKTI1BHhri1 rrp11HII11IT yc-
TpotiCTBa He IT03BOJI5IeT BeCTI1 aBTOMa-
TWieCK11H OfOHb. l13BeCTHbiH COBeTCKI1H opyJKI1eBeiJ: B.E. MapKeBI1~ B CBOI1X pa60Tax yiTo-
MI1HaJI fJIYIII11TeJih, pa3pa60TaHHbiH B 1920-e rr. HeKI1M ~eiiiCKHM 11306pe-
TaTeJieM 11 BbiiiOJIHeHHbiH B Bl1,[(e Ha-
AYJihi-!OfO yCTpOHCTBa c pe311HOBOi1 MeM6paHOH. 3a~J:epJKaHHbie MeM6paHOH ITOpOXOBble ra3hi OTBOIJ:I1JII1Cb 113 pac-
W11p11TeJibHOH KaMepbl B yKpeiTJieHHYIO CHI13Y yCTpOHCTBa pe311HOBYIO rpyiiiy, OTKyiJ:a ITOCJie BbiJieTa DYJII1 11CTeKaJII1 B aTMOCcpepy, yJKe ITOTep.HB 3Ha~I1TeJib ­
HYIO ~aCTh cBoeti 3Hepm11. HapOAHhre yMeJibiihi IThiTaJI.HCh ITp11Me-
H5ITh 11 coBceM yJK Kypbe3Hhre ciToco-
6hr rJiyrneHI15I 3ByKa: 1-ranp11Mep, Ha!J:eB Ha AYJThHYIO ~acTh opyJKH5I o6biY:Hyro IJ:eTCKYIO COCKy, ITp11MOTaB ee K CTBOJIY ITpOBOJIOKOH. B 3TOM cJiy~ae ITOJiyYaJT-
C5I MeXaJ-111YeCKI1H fJIYIIII1TeJih paCW11-
p11TeJTbHOf0 TI1ITa ITepeMem-roro o6be-
Ma. Ilp11 BblCTpeJie pe311HOBOe H3,[(eJIHe pa31J:yBaJIOCh B wap, 3a~J:epJK11Ba.H ITopo-
XOBhre ra3hr B orpaHI1Y:eHHOM o6oeMe. 3aTeM ITymr ITpo6vrBaJia pe311Hy, ra3hi BhiXOIJ:I1JII1 ~epe3 pBaHOe OTBepCTI1e B cocKe, o6pa3oBaBUieec5T rrocJie ITpo-
JieTa IIYJII1. 3ByK BbiCTpeJia 3TO ITp11M11-
TI1BHOe ycTpOHCTBO CHHJKaJIO He 3Ha~I1 -
TeJihHO 11 6biJIO TOJibi<O OiJ:HOpa30Bh!M, HO IIO!J:KyiTaeT CBOeH ITpOCTOTOH 11 ~J:e-
rneBI13HOH. I Ilor<a MexaHI1~ecr<l1e rJiyiiii1TeJII1 aMop-
TI13aii110r-u-roro nma ITp11 ITOBhiiiiei-IHOH CJIOJKHOCTH ycTpOHCTBa He IIOI<a3aJII1 iJ:OCTaTO~HOH 3cpcpeKTI1BHOCTI1. Kar< BI1,[\HM, Ha!J: 3TI1MI1 I<OHCTpyKU.11.HMI1 rJiywHTeJieii: eru.e pa6oTaTh 11 pa6oTaTh. Ho caMa 111-lJKerrepHa.H 111J:e5I o~eHh 11H-
TepecHa, B 6y~J:ymeM HOBhre, eru.e 6oJiee op11ri1HaJihHbie peweHI15I. 54 TeXH•Ka-MODOAe>«• 11•93711 OKT"6pb 2011 • r,-. -
/lynbHaR HacaRKa cHcreMbt fyM6epra RRR crpenKosoro opyJKHR. lPpaH/IHR. 1898 r. CospeMeHHbtH MexaHH'IeCKHH rnywHrenb. CxeMa ycrpoiicrsa H BHBWHHH BH/l. IO.P. CMaT'I. repMaHHR. 1984 r. My3e~ 6ecwyHHoro opy>Kwl npocreHUJHH MeXaHH'IBCKHH rnyWHTBRb pacwHpHrenbHDro rHna nepeMeHHoro 06'biiMa-06bt'IHaR /lBTCKaR CDCKa, HaReraR Ha cpe3 crsona www techn1carnolodezh1 ru > 55 Kny6 mo6vtreneH <f>aHracr~t~Kif'l XIUia.H TpaHcrropTHa.H KOMnamm, B KO-
Toporr 5I llO}:(Bl13aJTC5! BTOpbiM f111JIOTOM, eana aepJKaJJacb aa rrJiany. On a pacno-
Jiararra 0/lHHM rpy30flaCC(l)f{HpCKHM CY.llHOM, l\"laJTOra TOHH(l)f{a. J1 ee TeCJll1-
.
TJII Kpymrbre aep)KaTeJII1 KocMwrecKI1X nepeB030K. ToJICT5JK 51H, BJia.ueJieu KOMrramur, a no COBMeCTIITeJibCTBy -KaiTHTaH << Ycrre-
xa>>, He yrryCKaJT B03MO)KHOCTI1 ITOIIOJI-
HI1Tb Kaccy. Mbr III.JJII c rroJIHhiM TpiOMOM. <DpaxT 6biJI He O'!eHb Bbfral(Hblll: IIOTOMy-TO OH HaM I1 .llOCTaJTC5I. 113 .lleC5!TI1 KaiOT .ll
Jl5! l!aCCa)K11pOB CeMb flYCTOBaJII1. 51H, Kona>~cb B CeTI1, rrepe611pa.n 3a.HBKI1, HCKa.n nap11anTbi y)I(e CyTKI1 c rrepepbiBaMI1. Orr mo6HJI roso-
pHTb: «Ha.uo BepHTb B <<YcrreX>>!>> 5I He CJII1WKOM Bep11JI. Ha cyaHe TpenrH: ron. 51H B35IJJ Merm TOJihKO noToMy, ttTO 51, Ta-
Kofi eme 3eJieHbiH, COrJiaCHJIC5I Ha MaJTeHbKYIO 3aprrJiary. « Ycnex ~ He orrpanahrBa.n cnoe Ha3BaHI1e. I1o3TOMY 5I paccMaT-
puna.n era KaK cpe.ucTBO Ha6paTh JieTHbiH CTa)K. Co npeMeHeM paCC'!HTbiBaJT HaHTH BapHaHT ITOJIY'!WC. XeJibra (Haw KOK, CTIOap.uecca H rapH11'!Ha51 ), 6proHCTI<a 3a Tpua-
uaTb, c TYMaHilhiM rrpolllJihiM, TO)I(e paccqHTbiBa.na. Ho rror<a u oHa, 1151 TOptta.nu Ha «Ycrrexe~, 6e3 oco6oro ycrrexa. qemepTbJM B 3KHITa)Ke '!11CJII1JIC5I utweuep-TeXIIHK MaKe, He-
6ptrThri1 sep3HJia copoKa JieT c XBOCTHKOM. Bu11eTb Mar<ca .uo-
BO.llHJIOCb pel(KO: Olf He BbiJie3aJT 113 OTCeKa XO.llOBblX Ma!llHH. A ecJIH 6bJ BbiJie3 -MaWI1Hbi TyT )Ke BCTaJill 6hr. -CbiHOK, -o6paTHJIC5I KO Mile 51rr, 6Jiecnys JibiCI1noi1 B cse-
Te He5IpKOH BepxHeH JiaMIIbi. -KTO-TO CI1}:(11T Ha aCTepol1l(e RZ-180780159 u )Kil)f{l(eT c HHM pacCTaTbC51. -Ha.uo rroMoqb '!eJIOBeKy. 5I rrpHKHI-JYJI BCe l10TepH Ha TOpMO)I(eHHe, CMCJJY Kyp-
ca 11 pa3roH. EcTb Hanap. 513a.ne3 B KOMfJbiOTep H TO)I(e rrp11KIIHYJI. Bblpa3HJI COMHer!Jie: -
3To KproK. CyrKH nOTep5!eM. l1JII11\(l)f{C 6oJtbUJe. Tio cppaxTy HeyCTOMKY c.uepyT. -J10JlHa)KMeM LfyTOK. J1aCCa)K11p na l(Opore He BaJT5!eTC5!. OH no.rieTHT c naMI1 rra OpcoH. l1 nee pasHo 5I y)I(e rrocJia.n r IaUJe npe.UJIO)KeHrre. A TO rrepexnaTHT. -,lla, 6occ. Tar< 3aKaH'!HBaJTIICh ITO'!TI1 nee MOil pa3ranopbr c 51HOM. B3.llOXHyn, 5I CTaJI npOK.lla./lb!BaTb HOBbiH Kypc. qepe3 CYTKH Mbl ao6pa.nHCb }:(0 U:eJIH. ACTepOH.ll -
III1'!era oco6emmro. KopH'!HeBa.H B cseTe 3Be3l(hi, I13pb1Ta51 KpaTepaMH BbiT5!HyTa51 KapTOcpemma. << Ycrrex ~ 3asnc Ha op611Te. 51H flOCJiaJT 3arrpoc 11 fl0JlY'!I1Jl I<OpOTI<Oe flO}:(TBep)I(.lleHI1e 3a51B-
KII: nacCa)f(Hp roTOB CTYITHTb na 6opT. ~ ,l{OCTaBKa naCCa)K11pOB -3TO M05! 065I3aHHOCTb. ~ Boi1.11,51 B Haw TeCHbii1 aHrap, 5!3a6paJTC5I B MOllY Jib 11 CTapTOBaJT. Q Ha aCTepori.lle, cyaH no KaTa.nory, ao6hTBaJIH pe.li,KI1e MeTaJTJibL 8: 5I BH.lleJI KOMllaKTH)'IO 6ypOB)'IO yCTaiiOBKy, o6oraTHTeJibHblH l§ KOMHJieKC, 3HepreTWieCKHH 6JIOK. J1 COJIHe'!H)'IO 6aTapeiO, }:(0-
a >:: BOJibHO WHpOKO paCK11HYBlliYIO CI1HI1e rrp5!MOyraJibHbie Kpbi-
i Jib51.. CKJia.u o6orameanoi1: PYllhi. Tiapy aHTeHH. Coopy)I(eHrr5I ti & 56 OT6paCbiBaJTH qepHble, pe3KIJe TeHH, Kar< nceraa 6bmaeT B BaKyyMe. JKI1Jibe, Ka)KeTC5I, rrp5!TaJTOCb B rny6o-
KOH TCHI1CTOH JIO)I(611lre. l1JII1 Haxo.ui1-
JJOCb B Bbipa60TI<ax -!Uf)Ke IIOBepx-
HOCTI1, a B JIQ)K611He paCllOJiaraJIC5! BXO}:( CO IJJJI1030M. OT 6yposoi1 K KOMnncKcy rroJI3 KoJiec-
HbiH Be3.ll,eXOIJ.-)I()'K, BOJIO'!a rrp1111eiT C py,nol"L 06opy,nosammi1 nJIOilla./lK11 He 6hiiiO. Harui.ll51 B KOMrtblOTCpe 11X fi03biBHOI1, 5! noi1HTepecosancH: -,l{rrcneT'!ep, r,ne )' BaC MO)KHO ceCTb? 5I 3a naCCaJKI1pOM . B OTBeT ycnbiUJaJI 3eBOK J10TOM Ha 3KpaHe B03IIHKJ!a 6opO.llaTa5I cpH3110HOMH5! H .llOJIO-
)KI1Jia: -5I He /].11CIICT'!Cp, 5I -
.lle)I(ypllblk .. qeJIHOKII y HaC Ca]l5ITC5I B CTa MC'rpax OT cKJia.ua rOTOBOH npoayKU:1111. Ty,na cei1:qac YKa3bi-
BaC'r TeHb OT COJIHC'!HOH 6aTape11. PaccMOTpeB oTHOCHTeJibHO poBHhrrr I15ITaLIOK, 5I perni1JI -
coi1-
,neT, 3a HeHMeJJHeM IlY'!IIIera. Haqan 3axo,ni1Tb Ha noca.ui<y, He rrpeKpamaH pa3ranopa: -rae rraCC(l)f{Hp? He XOTeJIOCb 6hi /].OJira )1{/].aTb. y Hac cpOKII. -OH B ne3.uexo,ne. -MoH: co6ece,nHI1K onmh 3eBHyJI. -
KaK pa3 Bbie3)I(aeT. ToYHo. BTopoH: r<oJieCJ-IbiH )KYK Bbr6npanc5I 113 JIO)I(6HHhL -
CKacpaH,np y rracca)f(Hpa csoi1, -,no6amm coHHhiH ,ne)Kyp-
HbLH. -J1p11MeTe ero 11 -Brrepe.u. Ca.uiUic5! 5I Ha rpaBHTaTOpax, HbiJII1 He rro,nH5IJI. Bl1l(HO 6hiJIO, 11 KaK Be3.lleXO/]. IIO/].beXaJT, H KaK B HeM OTKpbiiiC5! 6oKOBOH JIIOK qeJIOBeK B OpaH)I(eBOM CKacpaH,npe BbiJie3, Me,nJieH!Ib!M UJaroM, onaca>~ch B3JieTeTb, aanpannJIC5I K Mo,nymo. CseT 11rpa.n Ha OT-
pa)KaiOilli1X BCTaBKax era KOCTIOMa. He HOBH'!OK. Y IIOBWIKOB .uane1<0 He cpa3y Bbrpa6aTbiBaeTC5I npaBHJibHOe BOC11p115!TJ1e MaCChi 11 BeCa, 11X COOTllOllieH1151 B yc-
JIOBII5!X flOHI1)I(eiJllOH rpa1311Tal1HI1. I1aCC(l)f{I1p AB11rMC5I yse-
peHHO. -
Bam pa6oTHIIK7 -cnpocHJI 5!. ,l{e)KyprrbJH XMbiKHyJI, 0)I(HBI1JIC5I: -
Bosce HeT. I1p11JieTCJI c oKa3Hei1, r-ra qacTHOM rpy30BIIKe, LieTsepo cyToK Ha3a.ll, o6n5!BHJI, ~rTo orTJiaTI1T rrpO)I(HBar-mc. KaK rro5IBHTC5I B03MOJ:KHOCTb -yJieTI1T. KoMy ,neHbrn He try)f(Hbl... J10H5ITI15I He HMelO, '!TO 3a TI1H. fOBOpHJI TOJ!bKO C rJiaBHbiM. J13 KOMHaTbi He BbiXO.llHJJ. Ha rpy30BHKe TO)I(e 6b!JII1 He B Kypce. Ho cKa3aJII1, xoporno 3anJiaTI1JI. KcTaTI1, cKacpar-r,np OH KYllMJI y a11x, B noneTe ... BOT l(HpK .. XoT5I 3a PY'!KY no,ni1Th He Ha.uo, rpa-
MOTHbiH. Xopowo 3amraTI1JI. He 3p5! 51tt 3ai'OpeJIC5!. -
lloKa, -HaLiaJI rrpomaThC5I ae)I(ypllbiH. -
Y MeH51 -,ne;ra ... Oa 3eBH)'JI 11 npepsa.n CB5I3b. Ha.uerocb, KJII1eHT He CJibiUJa.n 3Tora pa.u11oo6MeHa. * * * qeJIOBeK B opaH)I(eBOM CKacpar-I,npe llp116JJI13HJIC5I I< MO.llYJIIO. 5I OTI<pblJI WJ1l03. Ha nxo,ne B MOllY Jib ycTaHOBJieHhi LJYTKI1e ceHcOpbr. Tio HX .llaH-
rexHMKa-uonoAi!>KM II #93711 o•r•6pb 2011 • l!biM, opy)KH5I y naeea:>I<Hpa HeT, eJJO)KI-!OJI ::meKTj)OUI1KK TO)KC I!CT, 3a HCKJIIO'!CI!HCM BCTpOerUIO}J B eKaqJaH.ll,p. lliJI1030BaHire naCea:)!{npy He B .ll,HKOBMHKY -
l1 BM.ll,eOKaMCj)bl ll03B0)!51Jlli BH.ll,eTb, Ka:K CIIOKOi1HO OH .ll,ej))KaJie51. Bb!JIM B OTeeK, H
a3hiBaCMbiii <<rap.ll,epo60M!>, CH5IJI KOeTIOM, yCTpOHJl B IIIKacpy. K QJH3J10JIOm<tecKHM euCTeMa:M He rro.ll,KJIIOYaJIC5l, .ll,06MpaThe5!-
TO 6biJIO-acero ll!I'lero ... Ilo5JBifBWI!eb B Ka6HIIC, e nycTbiMH pyKai\111, C.ll,ep)KaHHO KHBIIYJI B 3
HaK npi!BeTCTBI15l. KIIBlfY.lJ lf 5I B OTBeT: -
PacnoJiarai1Tceb. KpeiiKHii, BhiCOKHii MY)KlfMHa, B parwHe TpH.ll,UaTH JieT. BoJioehi lfCj)llhlC, KOj)OTKO eTpH)KeHhlC. Jluuo YiJ.JIHHCHHOe, e He6oraTOJI Ml1l\.!l rKoil B3r.'I5lll TBC]).ll,hii1. O
P.eT B Tel\tHO-eHI nmo KYPTKY 6e3 KaKMX 6br TO HH 6hrJio 3Ha:KOB, Toro )Ke uBeTa 6piOKH. To)Ke, HaacpHoe, Kynl !JIB .11,opore. 5ara:a<a l\JilliiC HMeeT BOBee, HJIH BeU~!1 OeTaJIHeb B eKaQJaH.ll,pe. IlYTeUieCTByeT llaJICrKe. IlaCCa:)!{11p CeJI B 6JHI)KaJJWee H3 KpCCCJl, llj)HCTemyJIC5l, He fJ!5l-
M Ha 3a:.tKI\. I1HTepeca KO MHe I!Jill K o6opy.ll,OBaHHIO MO.ll,YJI5l He Dj)05!BI1Jl. 5l BKJIIO'!HJI MaJIYIO T5lry, Ha rpaBKTaTOpax. Kor.11,a B3JieTaJIII, 011 B HJIJIIOMI1HaTop ne eMoTpcJI, ll,YMaJI o cieM-
TO. Ilpi!MepHO TaK)Ke naeCa:)!{Hj) BCJI ce65l 11 Jia ey.ll,IIC. IlorOBOj)IIJl C 5lHOl\\, BOUIC.'l B CBOIO KaJOTy, 1-13 KOTOpO{I HC IIOKa3blBaJie5I Beeb rrepeJieT .11,0 Opcona. B KaJOTC y Hero 6biBaJia O.ll,!Ia XeJibra, IJOCHBWa5! Ty.ll,a3aBTpaK1t, o6e.ll,bl H Y)KIIJibl. KJIHCHT H K Hefi I!HTepeca He np05!BJIJI, 'ITO ee C.TierKa 3a.ll,e.~O. BoT 11 OpcoH, KaK Bccma, enJiomh 3aT5lHYThlH o6JiaJ<a:MIL Ho ea-
.ll,HTbC5l HaM Ty,ll.a He Jia.~~,o. Mhr HaY.aJIH e6JIJJ)KCJme e op611TaJib-
Hbil\I TepMllllaJIOM, CBCpKaiOWHM OrH5JMI1. 5l BbUTOJIH5l.'l 3a5JBJiei!Hhie MaHCBpbL 5IJI CM.ll,eJI p51./l.OM, BM rreperosopbi c .ll,HerreT'ICpeKoi1 11 KOHTpo-
JJIIpOBaJI CHryaulllO. Ilp!1CMHb!H eeKTOj), 06hl'IHOj;i KOilQJ11rypauHH. Pa3rpy30lfHO-IIorpy30lfHbie, eT05lliO'fHbie IIJIOli!MKH. HecKOJib-
KO lfY)!{HX KOpa6JreJ'r. fp0:1!03,ll.KJ1e, CJJO)!(Hble MeXaiU13Mbl. % Ycncx>> 3aBJie y rpy3oaoro npil'laJra.lliBapToBa5! KOMaHt~,a eMe-
HHJiaCh np11eMIIOH. P
a3rpy3HJII1Cb l\.Ihl ,ll.OBOJ!bHO 6hleTpo. I1 3anpaBHJllleh TOfiJUI-
BOM. 3a ;
no BpeM5! HallJH naCea:)!{Ilj)hl Bhfll1Jl11. 5l iJ.YMaJI, BCC. 0Ka3a-
.10Ch-
HeT. fpy30Bhie Tj)!Ol\.lbl I JaxO.ll,IIJIHeb e o6enx GfOpOil OT ueHTpaJibHOro Dj)OXO.ll,a. J1 y Ka:)!{.ll,Oro 6bJJ! OT.ll,eJ!bHbJH rrorpy30Y.IIbJH JIIOK. CJ
ICM 3a AllarpaMMOi13arpy3KH, 5! KOHTpoJIYipOBaJJ H3MeHeHYI5l ll.C
IITpa ;vraec. 5I!! 3arOBOp11JI CO MI-10{1: -
3aKOH'li1Wb-paecY.HTai1 Kype B eMCTeMy PoKeH-9. He cpa3y .nowJio. IlO.ll,YJ\IaB, Y.TO OCJlbllllaJie5!, 5! TIOel\.IOTpeJI Ha KaTIJITaHa: -
PoKcYI-9-
B IlycTO!lll1. Bbi'fTO, XOTHTe JieTCTh B IlyeTOWh? .. -
HeHa.ll,OJ
1ro,-yeMCXfiYJIC5l 5IH. -
3acieM? TaM )Ke HeT o611TaeMbJX 30H. -
KJI11eHT xolfeT nonacTh Tyt~,a. OH He collleJI Ha OpeoH. A )KCJia-
HIIe K.'lHeHTa -
3ai<OH. www.technicamolodezhi.ru > -He t~,o TaKoi1 )Ke eTencnl1. A <<Tpiirrepbi>>? OHM B npowJIOM ro.11,y 3axBaTHJIII napy Kopa6JICi1. H11 eJryxy -
HH .11,yxy. -Mbi e.ll,cJmcM see no-THxoMy. HHKTO ne 3aMeTI1T. KJIHcHT 6oJihHO .ll,eHe)!{HbiJL II01 mMaC!llb? KOMllh!OTep!i bl rl :3KpaH 03ap5IJI JlllUO KamJTaHa Mpa'IHOBaTblM 3CJICHhlM CBCTOM, 11 ::JTO Ka3aJIOeb ~le.ll,o6pb!M npC.ll,3Hai\leHOBaHH-
eM. -
L(a, 6oCC,-OTBeTMJI 51. qTO HOpMaJihHOMY YCJlOBeKy .11,enaTh B IIycrown? KTo cro )K,ll.eT Ta:M? Ilaeea:)!{~ip XOY.eT IIp11eOetJ,HHI1The5l K 6e33aKOI!IIOMY eoo6wceT-
BY %Tj)HrfCj)OB!>? BoT MOJICJyH ... fpy3 5I np1!115!Jl, KypC paCeY.HTaJI. 5IH Ha!lleJI .ll,Byx naeea:)!{!!j)OB, C TaKIIMH j)O)K<iJ'\11!... 5l DO.ll,YMaJI eJialfaJia -
11M TO)Ke B eHeTeMy PoKeM-9, y)K ocreHh HOXO)KH lla fOJ!OBOpe30B. Ho 11M B .11,pyry10 eTOpOHy, B eOOTBeTeTBHH e na-
lUI1l\I cppaxTOM. << Ycncx>> pHnyJic5l B IlyeTOUib, Ky.ll,a H36eraJIH 3arAAAhiBaTh H XOj)OWO BOOj)y)KeHHI:iie KOpa6mr, He 'leTa l!aJlleMy rpy30BI1KY. Ha eoJIH,ll.UOM y,naJieHnl1 OT PoKeJJ-9 5! 3aQJ11KeHpOBaJI TpaH3JIT-
npOXO.ll, :3K30DJiaHeThi Ha QJOHe 3Be3.ll,hl. B Tai<OK MOMenT 5!j)KOeTb CBeTIUJa !!a.ll,aCT, Ha O.ll,llH 11pO!].eiiT. 5l noJrC3 B KaTaJIOr H y3HaJI, Y.TO y PoKeM-9 eeTh TIJiatieTa, e He-
npHro.ll,JIOii ,nJI5l 6eJIKOBorr )1{1131111 aTMoe¢cpoi1. Ha3Bal!ue -
PHoJia. KaK BbT>IeHHJIOeh, MOJI'faJIMBOMY I<JIHeJJry rry)!{Ha Po.11,a, ee JiyHa. Bee !Ia3BaJII15! B CHeTCMC-
Ha <<p>>. * * * Jlyna Po.11,a, B03MO)KHO, 6hiBIUIIt'I aCTepOH.ll,, 3axBalfeHHbrJ'r rpaBH-
Taunet'r PIIOJibl. He6oJihllla5! no KOeM!1'leeKHM Mepi<lli\1. 3Ta:KHfi 6yJihi)KHHK, B ocmmax r<paTepoa. B rrorrcpecmH Ke .ll,Ba.ll,J~aTh KHJJOMeTpOB, B t~,JIHHY -
Tj)ll.ll,UaTb BOeeMb. 06pautaCTC5llla BbiCOTe B WITh Tb!eWJ. KIUIOl\lCTj)OB. HH3KOBaTO. Co apel\.ICJiel\t pyxHeT, yrra.~~,cT Ha rrnaHeTy. << Yerrex!> BhtUJeJI 11a op6HTY BOKpyr JJyHhL -A AaJihmc?-
errpoeHJJ 5!, y)Ke AOra.ll,hiBa5leb, CJTO rrpell,eTOHT. -
OnyeTHlllb KJIHeHTa 11a noBepXHoeTh, -
cKa3aJI 5IH Hc6pc)K-
Ho. -Bbi CMepTH MOefr XOTHTe? -HeT, KOI!eY.HO. f.11,e 5I nat"r.11,y BTOporo mtJIOTa? -3a Tai<yiO DJiaTy-I-!Hr.ll,e, -
eor;rae!1Jle5! 5!. Ilo,nroTOBIIJI eTapeHhKHH MO.ll,Yilh. KJIHeHT, Ill! e KeM ne Ilj)OlUa5!Ch, 3aJ!5!Jl MeCTO B CaJIOHC. 5l BhiilleJI H3 aHrapa, rroJiyYIITb HaeTaBJieHH51 6oeea. OH TaK Be-
JJCJI. 5IH eT05JJI y BXO.ll,a. fna3a y Hero 6eraJIH. -
JKeJraJurc I<JIHeHTa-3aKOII,-HaY.aJI 6oce.-Ho, corJiaeHeh, .ll,OBOJlbHO CTpaJJHO ... ' -Bbr TOJibKO cci1lfae 3al\tCTI1JJII?-
HeBHJ!JIO errpocH.rr 5!. -
ChiHOK, xopolllo 6hi Bhi51eJIHTb, 'ITO eMy TaM HMO. He nc1 IX apo,ne ... EcJIH3acreM-TO ero Tyt~,a noHeeJio, BHtJ.HMO, eeTh npHY.H-
Ha. Coo6pa:)!{aewh? -B KaKoi1-To Mepe. -
B.11,pyr ::JTO 11 HaM npmo.ll,HTC5l, a? I13-3a yma BhiillJIH .ll,Boe, e 6aH.ll,MTeKHMH pO)KaMM. 0.11,HH 6biJI ee.~J,e!Owni1 6piOI1eT, BTopoi1 6brJI pbi)K11{I. B JJX rJia3ax 5I npoY.H-
TaJI )!{11BCHJllHH IIJ!Tepee K npOI1CXOtJ,5!WeMy. -
I13BHHHTe, cno BMeumaaeMe5l,-HalfaJI 6piOHeT. -
,lleno nax-
57 Klly6 I11061ATelleH cj>aHTaCTIAKIA ueT y)l( OLieHb co6.na3HHTCJibHO ... MaJibYHWKC otrHOJI.ry HC crrpa-
BIITbC51, K3rr. EcTb y sac e1ue l\Iotry.nb? 5IH flOMOpllll r.nC51: -Kro BaM CKa3aJI, 'fTO ... -
EpocbTe, K3n,-
ocK.na6uJIC51 pb!)I(HIL-Ecmr KTO-TO cxotrliT B He06HTaCMOi1 CHCTCMe ... KaK naCYeT BTOpOrO MOt(yM, I<3TI7 Mue 3Ta napoYKa He Hpamwacb. 5I nomo6orrbtTCTBOBaJI: -
1-IMeiOCb, peYb HC HtiCT o rrocHraTc.nbCTBe na YY)I(YIO co6cT-
BCIIHOCTb? Pbi)I(J di BCKJ IHy.n 6pos11: -Tbr Ycro, napeHb? KaKaH co6cTBeiiHOCTb? TYT HeocsoeHHbJir ~mp, sec o6mce! KTo rrpo 'ITO. KamrTaH 3MYf\1aJIC5!. XoT5! MCII51 pcruJJJI 11c 3Mep)I(HBaTb: -
Tbt .ncn1. BbiCMHIIIb ero, rt.~.e CKWKeT. IloTOM cpa3y B03Bpa-
tl.{arrc51. 3HC))fl1J! HC JKaJICI\ rryCTb B 3TOM Ml1pe CTaHCT YYTb cseT.nee. qT06bi BaM Jief'fe 6biJIO C.IIClJ.l1Tb, llOtlYMaJI 51, 3aKpb1Ba51 t(BCpb aHrapa. BTopoi1 MOtJ.YJib Ha cyt.~.He IIMe.nC5!. BHtJ.HMO, KamiTaH rro3BOJIHT ce6H yroBopiiTb. CTapTOsaB, 51 r.nHey.n Ha TbJ.noBor, 3Kpau. B YepHOTe, cpe.ll,JI3Be3.1.1,, CJI5!Jll1 rro3HUIIOIIIIbJe onn1 <<Ycnexai.>. Bep11ycb Jll1 5I 11a 6opT? He )l(tJ.eT JrJI MeH5! BCTpeYa c <<Tplfrrepa-
MJJi.>? 3necb uapnJia no'!h. 5I cHH3HJJc5!, spy6nJI ciJapbr. Mbl JJCTeJIJI liM H3pbiTOI1 KpaTcpaMJJ roJioi1 nosepxnocTbiO • 1yHbl, 6e3)1(J 13HeHHOM, JIJillleHJIOll anwcciJcpb!. B BaKyyMC uanpasJieiiHblll nyYOK CBCTa JIJ06or1 HIITeiJCJ!BliOCTII HeB!l.l.l,lll\1-TIOKa HC HaTI<HeTC51 Ha KaKOC-TO rrperlliTCTBHC. Pa6oTa <:Pap rrpo5!B.'ULHaCh B TOl\I, 'ITO no CKaJiaM 6eJKaJTn H npbt-
ra.'TH CBeTOBble KpyrH, ll5ITHa II K.nO'fb51. -
Ba'"' Ky.lla?-
cnpocu.n 51. -3a .111111110 TepMH!IaTopa,-
CllOKOliJIO OTBeTJJJI naCCWKllp. CKopo l\IOtJ.Y.IIb BbJilleJI Ha OCBeUJCIIIIYJO CTOpOIIY JJYilbl. CKaJibl 11 ropHbJe uerr11, c ocTpbiMII, JJOMaHbiMH rpanRMJJ, 3aJIH-
Ba.n CBeT MeCTI!OrO COJIHL(a. l-IM ropl1301!TOM CllpaBa, OK])Y)I(CII-
IIa51 TOLIKaMllll,aJieKJIX CBeTHJI, BIICC.na neo6JJTaeMa51 PIIOJia.l(o-
• 'TIIHY IICLiepTliJJH KOCbJe, .ll,.'lllllllble TCliH. Koe-rne csepKaJIH not.~. coJinueM BbLXOll.ht Kj)JICTaJTJIHYecKHx no-
pan. 11.nu 3To 6bw .net~? Bo,:~.a II KIIJIIIT, II 3aMep3aeT l3 JJaKyyMe, B O,ll,liO H TO )l(e Bj)CJ\151. Ha co.'THIJe .1en ,ll,aBao HcrraplWC51 6bJ. I1 OTKY11a 3,Uecb JJona? IlaccWKHp HaLiaJI ,ll,aBaTb YKa3alll15!: -
Il5ITJIMI.{aTb rpa,ll,yCOB B.neBO ... IJp5IMO ... l(Ba rpa,ll,yca Bnpa-
BO ... -
1-IaKOlleU, 011 CKa3aJI:-
5I COJ{,ll,y BOH y TOM pa3,li,BOCIIIIOj:J CKa7lbl. 5I BI<Jl!O'IIlJJ TIOCa,ilOYHbie OrH¥1. MOllY Jib onyCTIIJIC5!. KJJ11cJrT BCTa.n 11 noiiieJI s <<rap.11epo65.> JIMeBaTb cKaciJaHtip. IlO,li,CJ\JaTj)11BaTb Hey.li,06HO. C trpyroj;j CTOj)OIIbl-60CC BCJJeJJ ... Mo11 CKaHepbl .llaJIII Kpyrosoi1 o63op. B copoKa l\teTpax Hau1.n11 f!Cil(epy-
B CKa7lbi!OM MaCCIIBC. 0Ha 6b!.na B 'Iep!IOH Tei!JI, 6c3 CKaHepoB 5I 6bl ee He YBll,li,CJJ. -
0TKpO!"Jll!.nl03,-,li,OHeC.nOCb 113 ,li,IIHaMHKOB. -
Bbmo.nii5IIO. -
/KnaTb 11e 11311.0. YneTai1. -Xopowo. C'IacTJJHBO. Mo)l(eT, eu(e yBH,ll,l1MC5!. -
Her. Mm1 noM cJIHIIIKOM traJieKo. 58 1-I-na ... Y)l(e B3JieTa51, ycrrc.'l Ha 3Kp<wc 3a'>ICTHTb, KaK rracCWKIIP BXO,'liL'I B fiCll(Cpy. q TO )I(C TaM? CoKpOBI1 wa <iTj)IliTcponi.>? I-I a A.II3tJ..ll.HHa K.'llleiiT IIC fiOXO)I( ... HcrpoMKO B3BbiJill Mauesponbrc ,li,BHraTeJil1. CopHCHTI rposas MO.ll,yJib, 5!ItOJJCTeJI K << Ycnexyi.>. 3BY'llJT-To I<ciJC .. * * * -
1-IaKOIICU-TO!.. -
CKa3aJJa XeJibra, BCTpeTHB l\IeH5! y amapa. -M11e LITO-To He no ce6e ... 5lua 11 ro.rJosope30B ua 6opTy 11e OKa3aJrocb. 5I 11e Yl\HBIL.nc51. IJpOUICJJ B py6Ky II CCJI K rrym;ry, BbiBeJI Ha 6o.'lbll!Oii 3Kpa11.ny11y 11 Bcro annapaTypy Haue;urJI Ty.ua. XcJihra cc.'la B cocenuee Kpcc-
JIO. B py6Ky ITOJKaJIOBaJJ 11 MaKe, a 3TO 6o.nbUJa51 pet~,KOCTb. Ilpu-
CTpOI IJ!C51 B yrOJII<e. B11113y 6I>mll 11aJu 3araJIO'III bill KJII ICIIT 11 Cll(e -Tpoc mo6o3Ha-
TCJibHbtx. Mbr )l(,ll,aJTH co6hnHi1. 11 -
llaLiaJIOCb. IJpuYei\1 -
KaK Ill! KTO II rrpe)J.f10.10)1(I!Tb ILC l\IOr, /l,WKC B fOj)51YKe. IlonepxiiOCTb JIYHbi .11pomyJJa. BcH, pa30l\1. Iloiii.'Ta Tpeutulla-
l\tll. EcTb 3pCJJIIll(a, KOTOpbrc JJyYme ua6mo.ll,aTh c noc.7Ie,li,Jrero p51,ll,a. 5I Topon.niiBO CBCJI rpy30BHK c .nymwi'r op6HTbi 11 OTOniarr 11a 6c-
3onacitoe paccT051JJHc, 3aBHC. YncJJJlLlllJI H3o6paJKeHHe. illoy npO,li,OJI)I(aJTOCb HeCKOJibKO MllllyT . B TyYa.'( 11biJIH orpoMIIbiC KYCKH OTCJiaiJBa.HHCh, YTIJibJBarrll B CTOpOilbl; TO, LJTO HaxO/l,HflOCb IIOtl CKOp.nyrroi1, II36aBJI51JIOCb OT IICIIY)I(HOM o60JJO'-IKII, llj)OCTyllaJIO, OTKpb!BaJIOCb, Ctrep)l(aHllO, TYCK.lJO OTCBeYIIBa51. 11cno.nuHCKOC cytrHO. Ee3 orueli 11 BHewii~Ix aJITeHH. IJo6JieCKIIBaJOWllll 3JIJIIITICOH!J., Bj)O,Tle l\!5!'fa ,li,M Ilrpbl B per6u, TOJibKO O'Jellb rJiat(KIIH, BI1CCJ1 B fi])OCTj)aJICTBe Ha cPOile n.naHe-
Tbl. 11, Ka3aJIOCb, BIIHMaTCJibHO 1!3yclaJI 06CTaHOBKY. 311aJI, 'ITO Mbt BHtiHM. Ho cMy 5IBHO Bee panHo. CTon, a BCJlb TaM 5IH c nnyMR ro.noBope3aMH, JIM noncpxlloc-
TbiO. KaK 6bi 11e 3MeJJo ... KTo 11am naccWKHp, OTKyt~,a? <iMOii ,li,OM CJilllliKOl\I .ll,aJieKO>>. CeronHH noJieTbi B npc,ll,eJiax faJiaKTHKH -
o6hiYHoe /J.C.~o. Ollll BOBCC IIC <<CflHUlKOl\1>>. 11 LJTO 3HaLJHT <</l,aJICKOi.>, CCJIH y TC651 CY,ll,liO Bj)OtJ.e 3TOro? OT Kopa6;m Be5JJIO Tai1Holl H MOI.IlbiO. Hesepo5ITHOH ~IOII(bto. Kopa6.ner1 TaKoro pa.>Mcpa y ;not(ei-i ucT, 5!3IIaJI TOYIIO. 1151 HyT-
poM LIY51Jl, ::JTOMY cy,li,IIY MIIOroe flO CHJI.3M.l(aJKe-Me)l(raJiaKTll-
cleCKIIC petJCbJ, 0 KOTOpblX JII0/(51M OCraCTC51 MCYTaTb. Kocl\IOHaBT-JJCCJiet.~.oBaTe J Jb ll3 HeBe,li,OMOII raJiaJdni<H yrpmH.n KOpa6.nb-j)a3Be.li,YHK, ,li,06HpaJIC51 llaJICrKe JJ,O CBOC}i 6a3bl? 011, fiOXO)I(C, O.llllll Ha orpOMIIOM Cy,li,He ... Bcp11y.nc51 MOL
lY Jib c 5IHOM H ro.nosope3al\nt. He non16.1H, cJJaBa 6ory. BoJllJIH npHTVLXIIJIIc, outeJIO!\-J.neiiiibiC. Bp5!.ll. Jill oJKH,ll,aJHI no-
no611oro.l(a 11 HIIKTo ~1c O)I(IJAaJI. Cor151 OT rrepeJKJ!TblX BO.nHCIIIIH, MOJ!LJa BCTaJIH 33 l\!Oeii CIIIIIIOll. f.na3 1re crrycKaJIH c ::>Kpalla. Me)l(tty TeM, IIIoy 3aKOil'IIIJIOcb. Kopa6.nb !J.BIIHYJIC51, yxo,ll,5! c oKo.norr.nalleTHOI1, xoT51 peaK-
rexHMKa-MOnOAO>KMI! #937 OKTR6pb 2011 TI1BilbiX CTpy(J IIC 6bl.7IO. A IIOTOM HC4e3, ~mioBellHO, 6c3 KaKI!X-Jin6o rpamrraiJ,IIOIIHbLX, 311CprCTII4eCKIIX llOL'lC.llCTBHll. -KaKHe )Ke TeXIIOJIOrJLII!..-C JJelt36biBHOi1 TOCKO(! 06 yTpaLJCil-
IJbJX B03~JO)Kif0CT51X npOCTOllaJJ pbl)KJ1rl.-3TO Ml!JIJIHap,llbl!.. lloc.'Iei.I.Hee Bpcr.~51 Kocre 3ai1IJ,cBy Bee '!3UlC Ka3a 'lOCh, 6yll.TO TaKOJ'it Tlj)HBbl'l"-
llblli 11 XOj)OWO 3113KOMbllf Ml1j) ~1C,llJJel I-
110, 110 yBcpeHIIO CbC3)KaCT c KaTyweK. 06bl,1CIIHbie Bewn Y)KC HC BIIYIUaJJH 6ht:Ioil yBepCIIIIOCTH. HoBbLe Be51HH.H BrOII5l.'lll B .lYillY .1cnmi1 TpeneT ncpell. TY~IaiiHbL\1 6y;LyUULM. Hc.-.1lloro 3ai\ICJllKaBWJICb y BXOll.a, oH llepCWIITeJibiiO TOJIKHYJI CTeKJI.HillfYIO l
lBCpb IIc6oJJbJUoro OcPHCa, OKY11351Cb B llj)li51THYJO npOXJia.LI.Y fiOi\.JeUlCIIII51. l1p51i\IO c nopora cro BCTpen[Jia MHJIO-
BJIJ1lla51 coTpy .llii 1111a: -Mbl pa,llhi rrpHBCTCTBOBaTb Bac B na-
wcii KOI\maHJJJL! -
YJibi6Ka, Ka3aJJOCh, IIIIKOf,lla He CXO!liiJia C ee JIHUa,-)KeJiaeTe TIO,llKJil04HTbC.H? KocT51 HeyBepciiHO orJI.Hll.e.TIC51. )J)t51 6hiCTpo Ha611pa1owe~'r o6o-
pOTbJ !Ia j)b!HKC COTOBorr CB513ll KOMTiaJIIIII OcPJJC 6b[JI IIeMHOro cKpOii.IJJhii\L HuKaKux aJI5IIlOBaTbJX BhiBecoK IJJJJ 1 HaJotrmmor, peKJL3MbJ. EcJII1 11e CLJllTaTb Lfepcc4yp rpoMKoro lla3Balfl151 -
<<CB513b 6y.UyllJCI'O>>, BCe BbifJI51,llCJIO Bl10JIHe l1j)HCTOi1JLO. llpor:IOTILB 3acTp51BIUIIrt B rop:1e KOM, KocT51 c TPY.llOi\.1 oTKaiiJ-
.'151.'1C51: -
fipCiK.-'[e XOTC.'IOCb 6br HCCKOJibKO I IO,llp06IIee Y31LaTb 0 KOi\ll Ja-
111111 II 11pe,llOCTaBJI51Ci\lbiX ero ycJJyrax. 0TKHilYBWIICh 13 KpeCJie, ,lleBywKa KapTHHHO 33KliJJYJia I!Ory JLa 110ry. KopoTKa51J06Ka B3ll.CpHy:racb, OTKphiB npcKpacHhr~r BH.ll 1m ;J..'liiiiHbJe HOfll. YKpa.n.Korr pa3r.'l51ll.b1Ba51 11x, KocT.H BnoJiyxa cJJywaJI paccKa3 0 /\aTlhHOBH,llJIOii JIOJJJITI!Ke KOM!laHHH, He )KaJICIOU1CM ,llCHCr 11a pa3BliTJIC JIOBbiX TCXIlOJIOntlr B ccpcpe COTOBOM CB5131l. 5yLJ,y411 110 HaType KOHCepBaTopml, 011 6oJJe311elli!O BOCIIpHHHi\.laJI BCC 110130e. l[o CllX nop I!O.'Tb30BaJJC51 TCJJCcPOIIOM, KYIUICIIJibli\.1 weCTb .'leT lla3a.LI.. IIoKa npyrHe MeH51JJJJ Clli\.IKH, CJIOBHO llepLJaTKH, oH OCTaB<L'lC.H BepCII Oll.lla)KJJ.bi Bbi6paHITOMY COTOBOMY orrepaTopy. HI! Pa3Y ZJ.3)Ke JJC MCJI.HJI TapllcPllblii I IJlaH. -B JlaKeT npCll.OCTaB.'I.HeMhlX ycJJyr BXO.llllT COTOBblrr TeJICcPOil 11 sim-KapTa C .1J14Hbl;l1 H0111Cj)Oi\1, 3aKpenJI.HCMblM 3a KJIHCJITOi\.1 I!O)KII3HeHHO. l1pn4CM HOJ\Iep Bbr MO)KeTe cocTaBJJTh caMJI. Mbl JIHWb OrpaliJILillM B KOJI!fl[CCTBC L(HcPP J1 BCp051THOCTH COB-
Jia,llCHH51 C ll.PYflli\111 IIOMepaMll. -
5I. TaK IIOHJ1.\1aiO, Bee <<Kj)YTbJC>> JJOMepa y)Ke pa3o6paHbi? -
C11IOTJ)51 4TO Bbl noZJ.pa3y.MeBaeTe noll. CJIOBOM «KPYThiC>>, -
ne
BywKa crJHCXO.Z:UITCJJbiiO yJiht6HyJJach. qyBcmy51 JICrKoe cMytUeHne, KocT5l Bll.pyr CJien<a 3apZJ.eJIC51: -Hy, Hallplll\Iep, BOCeMh el].IIHJ1U JIJIIl BOCCMb ll5TTCj)OK. -
EcTCCTBeHI!O,-yJ
thi6Ka ll.CBymKH rrocTcneJuJo ncpcpocJia 1:! J10KpOBI!TC.,'lbCTBeiiJJYIO,-IIO.U061!ble HOMepa 6b!JJI! pa3o6pa!lbl nepBbll\lll K.'llleiiTaMII. lloYeMy-To scuoMH11JJC51 CawoK -Ttpyr ZJ.eTcTBa 11 33Ka.LI.hJLlJ!brr, np1151TCJ1b. B 1 rx JJe6oJJ bUIOH q)HpMc 011 nepBbiM ncpemeJI Ha uo-
ByJO CB513h. CBoi1 IIOi\.Iep 011 cocTaBVI.lT 113 naTbi pO)K1leJJH51. TaK, www.technicamolodezhi.ru > 5Jn T.H)KeJIO B3.llOXHYJJ eMy B TOI-L -
Pa.n.yi'rTCCb, 4TO yueJieJJII, -
CKa3aJJa XCJJbra. -EcTh HHKTO lleX0'1CT7 Ewe pa3 B3JlOXIIyB, 5IH noJIO)KitJJ pyKy '1a Moe To wee nJiello: -
IIpoKJiaJ1biBali Kypc, CbiiiOK. He 6y.neM )Kl(aTb <<TJ)nrrepoB» ... TM MOJL, Y1l061JO. 3aHOMIUiaCTC.H JICfKO. -
Xopomo,-
KocT5l Bbi):(OXHYJI,-Tor-
Ita llj)OBCj)bTC !Ia COBilaJleiiHe JJOI\!Cp: 1lCC51Th, ll.CC.HTb, Oll.HI!, ll.CB51Tb, .llCB51Tb, I!OJib. Pc11rHB nocJieJJ.OBaTb 1rpnMepy CallbKH, 011 lla3BaJI JJ.aTy cBoero po)KZJ.e!!H51. Tel\1 60JICe UllcPpbl 6hJJIH KpyrJibie: ll.CC51TOC LJHCJIO ncc.HToro MCC51JJ,a ZJ.eB.HllOCToro rona. IIoKa ll.CBYWKa 6biCTj)O weJIKaJJa KJia-
BHIUaMH, 11pOBep5151 llOMCj) Ha COBfla-
LJ,CliiiC, KocT51 HeBOJ'lhHO noe)KHJIC51. BoKpyr 3TO~I KOMnaHHI! BHCCJJ IIC3pH-
MbJi1 opeOJI TaHHbl VI JICrKa51 fiOBOJIOKa l!e,llOCKa3aJIHOCTH. qepC3 ltapy MCC51-
UCB rroCJJc liOZJ.KJIIOLJemi511lCJJa CaHhKH pe3KO nowJIJJ B ropy. Ero CJJa6eHbKI!i'J, Jl.biWaiUIIii 11a Jla.LI.all 6H3HeC J!3LJ(L'T pacrM, CJIOBJJO 11a ll.j)O)K)KaX. 011 ll.3BHO y)KC j)a3be3)KaJJ Ha !IOBCHbKOM <<JICKCy-
Ce>>, aBO B3fJ151JJ.e CKB03HJia CJJHCXOlJ.IITCJiblla51 yBepeHI!OCTb H3-
6paHHOrG, llOCB511UeHHOfO B TU[aTeJihHO OXpaH51CMYIO Taliuy. ./KH3!Ib ZJ.py3ei1 II 3H3KOMbiX, J10CJJe,llOB3BWHX CfO Ilj)HMCpy, Tal{)Ke Kapll.l!JiaJJbHO IlOI\IeH51JiaCb. fiplr4CM B JlY"IllYIO CTOj)OIIY. Ha Bee paccupocbi OHI! noKpOBHTCJJbCTBCHI!O YJihr6aJJHCb, no-
IIIIMaioll!C neperJI51lJ.b!BaJfJ ICb I I J-leH3MeHIIO OTMaJJLIHBaJIIJCb. -
L[a Tbl caM nonpo6yi1! -
BCHKVJj;'J pa3 y6C)KlJ.aJJH Kocno, KaK TOJibKO pa3rOBOp 33X0ll.l1JI 0 HOBOH CB513H. Bo3MO)K!IO, H3-3a )KI131LCIIJJbiX npHI-IUHITOB, a l\IO)KeT !13 npocTo-
ro flj)Hj)Oll.HOro ynp511\ICTBa Oil COI!j)OTJIBJI5JJIC5l ll.O JIOCJ!e,llllero. l[py3h.H C41JTaJlll ero lJ.l11J03aBpOM, a OH B OTBCT Jla I!OJJJI.CBKH H CMeUIKH 063biBaJJ IIX CeKTa!IT3MH H 30M6H. HliZJ.!leM, J!J! Jl04biO HC paCCTaBa51Cb C a6COJI!OTIIO Oll.ltHaKOBblMH TeJICcPOJ-131\111, 0!111 ZJ.C(ICTBHTCJibiiO H3TIOl\!11HaJJII 30M611pOBaiUiblX 4JICHOB Taiinoj;'J CeKTbJ. -
TaKoi\ IIOi\.Iep noKa uc 3apemcTpHpoBaJJ, -
.ncBywKa BhDKH-
rlaTeJihliO pa3fJI51.llbiBaJJa KOCTIO. -
BoTH OTJIIJLUIO. IlOi\151BJUIICb, IICCJ\ICJIO ll.OCTaJJ nacnopT. Co6vipa.HCh ero npo-
T.HHJ'Th, B IIOCJJet(llllj;'J i\IOMeliT BL!,pyr OTll.CPIIYJ! pyKy, CJIOBIIO BCI101\Il!JIB 4TO-TO OL!ellb B3)1{110C. -B YeM BcC-TaJ<H cei<pcT? IloYcMy Bee JJOLJ,BJicaroT Ha BaJucn CB513H? Ha .Til u1e y Z].eny111KH 'J051BJ IJJOCb .uo 6oJIH 3r JaKoMoe Bhlp3)KCJ rHe, BIIJJ.eiuJoe KoneH He pa3 11a JJnuax ZJ.py3ei'L -
L[a HJJKaKoro oco6cJJILoro ceKpCTa JICT, -
yJrbJ6HyBWJJCh, oua nO)KaJJa nJJC4aMH, -npocTo CB.H3b 113J(C)KH351. Bam HOMep BCCfll.a B CeTH, H ,ll03BOIIJITbC.Hl!a Hero MO)KIIO B Jlt06oe BpeM5J,-
110CJiell.HlOIO cPPa3Y JJ.eBywKa ITO'l"CM}'-TO oco6eHJIO Bbl,llCJIHJia rO.T!OCOM. He YJIOBI1B llaMeKa, KocTH oTcTpaHCIIIIO npoT.HHYJI rrac11opT. IIoKa ero nallllbJC B6:vman11 B THnosoi1 .uoroBop, MhiCJicnrro Bep-
IIYJIC.H B HetLaBHCe npowJJoc. fiOCJJeZJ.JieC BpeM51 OJI 4aCTellhKO 3a.LI.J'MblBaJIC.H 0 TO!\!, 4T06bl 59 Klly6 J1106HTeJ1ei:1 cf>aHTaCTHKH caMO~IY no,IJ.K'IJO'II!ThC5L IIpu11Iepapy3eil6bLJJ CJIJIIUKOJ\13apa3H-
TC.'ICIJ. OcTanasmmaJia TOJihKO cyM111a. C ycJeT0:\1 Hli,IJ.J 1 ml)l.yall b-
uoro HOMepa 11 JllfLIHOro TeJiccpona naKeT ycJiyr <1CB>t311 6yfly-
utcro>> 06XO,iJJ1JIC51 llO'ITH B 'IeTblpl!a,lll(aTb TblC5!Y . .lJ:Jl5! KOI'O-TO J\IO)f{CT J
J,Cllbni 11 He 6oJihW11e, no no MCpKal\'1 KocTH ,IJ.OBOJJhJIO llpHJIJiiYJia51 CYMMa. Ero ynp>tMCTBO 11 npimep)f{elfHOCTb npc:>KHIIM H,IJ.CaJiaM OTCTy-
nn.'IH B MlliiYBWJile BbiXO,IJ.Hbie. ilOCJIC,ll,llej:t KaiiJieH OKOHYaTeJJb-
HO nepCBeCJ1BWei:f qawy BeCOB MYYI1TeJibllbiX pa3Mb1UlJIC11¥1H noc.1y)f{ll-'Ia socKpecua>t pbr6aJII<a. HccMOTp>t Ha npeKpacnoe .1emee yrpo, HacTpoerme 6hiJJO 6ecnosoponm Mcnop'ICHO nok llhll\1 OTC)'TCTBlleM CB513H. Ero TeJICcpOil OKOI!'IaTeJibllO yMep, nO.lll!OCTbiO BbiBaJIHBWIICh n3 ceTJil. 011 He Mor ,IJ.03BOiflJTbC51 a6coJJIOTIIO HHKOMY. IIpneM CHrHaJia ynopHo TOp'IaJI Ha HyJie. TaKa>t npHBbJYlla>t 11 y)f{e craswa>t easa Jm He po,ll,Ho{r yCJiyra Bflpyr nanpOYh OTBaJIJlJJaCb. I1 9TO BCCfO-TO B ,ll,eC51TH KHJIONJCT-
pax OT ropoLI.a. Ha cJJellyiowiii1 LI.CHb, CH>tB c KapTOLJKH nocJie,IJ.HHC ,lleHhrH, Koc-
T5111pHMIIKOM llartpaBHJIC51 B 6JII1)f{aHWlll1 CaJIOH COTOBOl! CB5131l. De3 CO)KaJJCill151 pacCTaBWIICh C ,ll,Cile)f{JibiMII3HaKaMII, ITOCTaBJIJl notumcb noa aorosopoM. -Cn111Ka aKnmnpyeTCH qepe3 qac. BOT BaM KOLI. aKTI1BaUIIH,-
,ll,CBYWKa rtpOTHHyJia TCJiecpOII 11 6yMa)f{Ky C KO,IJ.OM, -rtOCJie aKTHBawm rrporp~vrMa, ycTaHOBJieHIIa>t Ha TeJiecpoHe, o6513a-
TCJ1biiO r!OTpe6ycT yCTaHOBHTb ,ll,aTy II TOLIIJOC BpeM51. 3TO OLiellb Ba)f{IIO, nooTOJ\JY onrecHTecb MaKCJiiMaJihHO BHHMaTeJJbHO. IIe-
pe,ll, Ka)f{LI,b!M 3BOHKOM TeJiecpoll 6yACT CCb!JlaTbC51 Ha KaJJell,llapb, Tpe6y51 ycraHOBHTb BpeM51 Bbi30Ba. -A 9TO ewe 3aLJCJ\I?-IICKpCIIIIC y,ll,HBI1JIC51 Kocur. -3To OCHOBHOII npiiHL(Hn Hamel! ycJJym. To, 3a L£TO Bhr rrJiaTn-
Te ,l(CIIbni,-LI.06asH.'Ia, 3ai\JeTJtB ueaoyMCitHhrii B3rJIHA KocTH,-
napy pa3 nonpo6yeTe, cpa3y sec nolrMcTe, -3aKOHLIHJia nc-
CKOJibKO TyMaHJIO. Kor:1_a CIIMKa Hat<OHeu-To at<TilBIIposanacb, KocT>t CH,lleJJ B Kacpe, IIC cnewa 110T5lri1Ba51 XOJIO,i[IIYIO MHHepanKy. 3Kpan TeJie-
Q)OIIa llpll3blBl !0 ropeJI, Mati51 MaJ<CilMaJibflbiM ypOBHeM CllfJJaJJa. KoMy no3BOHHTh rrepsoMy, KocT>I AOJiro He Bhr611pan. BbJXBa-
TIIB 113 naM>tTJt aenh pmKLI,eH\151 CallbKH, 6hiCTpo Ha6paJI HOMep. OT)f{aB KllOnKy Bhi30Ba, c YllHBJJeHIJCM yCTaBHJICHHa oKpaH. Te-
.11ecp011 npewtaran Bb16paTb ,llaTy. -LJTO 3a 6pea?-B03M)TT11JIC51 BCJiyx, COBCj)LUeHHO 3a6b!B 0 Ha-
CTaB.'ICllll51X COTPYAHJIU:bi KOMITaiiHJI. Hc~1110ro no~IeiiJKas, OT)KaJI KHOm<y OK. Ha oKpawmKe mrcrr-
JJC51 T)'T )f{e BhiCBCHI.'ll!Cb ,IJ.Be CTpOLJKil: TeKyiUee BpeM51 H KaJieli-
LI,3pb. -LJcM ll,aJJbiUe, TeM see CTparunei1,-npo6opMOTaJI KoCT51, Bbl-
61rpa>t KaJJCHAapb, -cerot!H51 nOHCl!CJibHIIK, aeBHToe. 3To LITO )f{e 5I ~Wry l103BOIU1Tb eMy BO BTOp1I11K7 I1JIIL flj)OCTO HaC COe,IJ.H-
H51T B TO Bj)CM51, KaKOC 5I Bb!6epy? C CI1.1bllO 6bJOU~IIMC51 cepnu:e~1 nocraBHJI CJie,~J.yroUJY!O ,~J.ary. Bpe-
M>I yc~OBIIJI poBHO Ha ,IJ.Ba Llaca. Korna npHJ10)f{HJI rpy6Ky K yxy, cepAL(C, C:IOBIIO CIL'IbllbL\1 y,llapoM, KTO-TO B6HJI B rJIOTKY. Jla,IJ.OI!H B3MOKJII I, a JJo6 ITOKpbiJIC51 ncnapJIJWH . .lJ:bUJJaTb Bmlr CTaJJO T51)f{C-
.'IO. Hanp51)f{CJIHO CL£HTa5t ryaKJr Bbi30Ba, c TPYll.OM crJ10TI-JYJ1 noll,-
C"fYrlHBumft K ropJiy KOM. ilOCJie BOCbMOfO ryll,Ka OTBeTHJIJI: -5I CJ1yruaJO, -OTLICTJIHBO 11p03B)'LiaJJ HC,ll,OBOJibHbiH fOJIOC CaHbKH, CJJOBHO TOT crl)l,CJI p>I,Il.OM. -I1p11BCT,-
xpHnJibiM OT BOJIJICJ-11!51 roJIOCOM Bhr,~J.amm KocT5l. -KTO 9T07 -ITOHHTepeCOBaJJIICb Ira TOM KOHU:e 110CJie CeKyiJ,IJ.-
60 110ro 3<li\tewaTeJ1bCTBa. -
He Y3JJaJI? -KocT5!IIanp51)f{CmiO paccMe51JICH, -9TO 51, Koc-
nl! -CJiymai1, 3ai1u:es, Te6e, LITO 3aJ151TbC51 HCLieM, Kpol\re KaK cpbl-
saTb MCI151 c r<posanr B ,IJ.Ba LJaca uocw?! -Kato1e asa Yaca HOYH? -YAHBJICIJIIO rrpoM>IJ\IJJI!JJ KocT>I,-
cei1Yac )f{C 6eJibiH ,ll,eJib. Ha TOM KOHlle pa3,ll,aJIC51 seceJiblrt cMemoK -Bee noll51THO. TbJ LITO TOJJbKO no,llK1tO'IaJic51? Pe1JJIUI npo6-
llblil3BOIIOK cneJiaTb? Hy 11. KaK CB513b? HpaBJITC51? -.lJ:a llOKa IIC ll01-l51Jl. -
H11Yero, co spel\relreM rrpMBbiKHemb. CIIyma>t IJ'll.KII oT6oH, KocT51 c TPYll.OM sepuii B npoHCXOll.>~wee. MmKCT oTO npocro L£ei1-To r;ryrrhiii p03birphriiJ? C)f{J-Ii\Ia>t npo-
/KaU[HJ\111 OT BHyTpeHHCro Ha11p51)f{Cl!1151 Jia,IJ.Oli5IMll MOKpblli TC-
JICCj)OII, BbiUJCJI 113 Kacpc. 1.JCpC3 napy Mill IyT, KOf,IJ.a Oil y)f<C rJOLITfl riOl!OLIICJI K aBT06ycrmrr OCTallOBJ<C, CTaJJO CIL(e XY)f{C. I1p111!5
JB Bbl30B, TCJiecpOII 3aBH6p11pOBaJI B pyKe, OrJiaiJla5t OK-
peCTIIOCTH ncpeJIHB'IaToi1 MeJIOflllCk 3acTbiB na MecTe, KocT>t C y ,IJ.I1BJleiiJ ICM pa3fJI51,1J.b!BaJI ,IJ.O 60JIII 3IlaJ<OMble U:Hcppbi, BbfCBe-
TIIBIJllleC51 11a fliiCrrJJec. Ero Bhl3biBaJJ a6orreHT ACCHTh, LI.CC51Th, O,l[HII, ,lleBHTb, ,lleB51Tb, IIOJlb. -
3TOfO npOCTO He MO)f{eT 6b1Tb! -HepBHO rrpo6opMOTa'l, BllyT-
pel fllC XOJIO,lleH. JlH60 ,llBa a6COJIIOTIIO OflllllaKOBbTX 1 IOMepa, J11160 OH 3BOlfHT Cal\J ce6e! TeJiccpon npo,llOJDKaJI rraCTOH'IHBO cmpHI<aTb. 0TBeTI!Tb 111111 11pocTo OT6HTbC>t? BpeM5! CJIOBHO 3aMepno. B MJ'LIIITCJJb-
llbiX pa3MbllUJICHI151X TOMHTCJibllO npOIIOJI3Jia MilllyTa llOKa:JaB-
!Ua51C51 BCYIJOCTbiO. HaKOHell pCU111Bllii!Cb, OT)KaJI KHOrrKy, 11p11-
lllll\la51 3BOHOK. -
AJIJJO,-eJie Bbi,IJ.amrJJ H3 ce6>t. -COBCCM l\laJJO BpCI\lCIII1, a llOTOMY CJiymarvr BHIL\IaTeJiblfO, -
roJJoc 6bLJI cosceM c;ra6bli\I, llO KocT51 ero Y3HaJI cpa3y, -ecm1 Tbl cd'1yac Ha OCTa!IOBKe, TO YXO,llll HeMe,l[JieHIIO. -3aLJeM? -
He 3aLI,asafr riiyrrhiX sonpocos, a ll.CJial't, cno -re6e rosop5!T! B35IJIHOfH B pyKH 116eroM oT ocTaiiOBKH. 5I TOJibKO YTO oTomeJI OT 11apK03a II He C06HpaiOCb OCTaBLUYIOC51 LtaCTb )f{JI3Jlll rtpOBCC-
TII B Hl!BaJIHAHOI\-t KpecJ1e. Tbi MeH>t normJI?! -ronoc copsanc>t Ha BH3l'JIHBbiC HOTKH. TaK 11 ne ll,OWCAWHfr HCCKOJibKHX MCTpOB ao ocTaHOBKJ-1 KocT>I ensa ycrreJI cneJiaTb rrapy maros lla3a,IJ.. BwrcTCBUJa>t na TpOTy-
ap J1CrKOB)'llJKa CHeCJJa OCTal IOBJ<y, paCKH,IlaB lle60JiblllYIO TO.'li'JY JJIO,ll,err O)f{H,ll,aBmnx asT06yca. KpHKII y)f{aca 116o:m CMCLUa.rtllCb C pCBOI\l ,IJ.BHraTemt 11 TpeCKOM JlOI\laiOil(erOC5! fiJlaCTUKa. 1.Jepe11,a HeJ1el1hiX C06biTJilll, CMaXHBaiOUlllX 11a flOJIHbii1 6peL1, HJIII. l.JbiO-TO r.nyrryro lllYTKy, CJ10BHO HO Mai-IOBeHJillO BOJIWC6HOlf llaJIOYJ<I1 BblCTpOHJiaCb B ITOJ151TTJYIO llj)J1L[11HIIO-CJte,llCTBCIIIIYIO ucub. UetUIH51Ch 3a ycKOJih3atotuyio peaJihiiOCTh, 'KocTH cTapa-
TeJI bHO C)f{I1MaJl TeJiecpOH B MOKpOH OT ITOTa J1a,IJ.OHH. *** I1 BIIOBb CT051Jla )f{apKa51 ,llyxOTa JICTa. I1.'laB51Cb ITO,IJ. J1)'LJaWI coJJuua, accpanbT o6,llasaJI )f{apoM. Cnaca>tch OT no.riyAeHHoro 3ll05t, KocT5l naCJia)K,llaJIC51 KOHtiHU:HOHHposaHHolr rrpoXJia-
t!orr JJenrero Kacpe. CoTOBbiti TCJiccpon 6hrJI rrpHBbfLIHO 3a)f{aT B pyr<e. BoT y1Ke no'ITH ro,IJ. Kai< Oil rre pacCTaBaJIC51 c HIIM Ill! 11a MHnyry, ucrrpasno nonOJIIl5r51 cc1eT. Cai\t CTapanc51 IJC 3BOHIITb. JllliJJb Hj)YIHHMaJI 3BOIIJ<H OT CBOCfO a6oHeiiTa f(a TUlaTCJlbliO BblfiOJI115TJI sec yi<a3aH1151. Ero ,ll,CJra cymecTBeHHO YJJYYWHJIHCb. TOXHHKli-MOnDAOlKHil #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 E.'!aro11,ap51 npeHMyW,eCTBaM rrosoi4 CB5!3H, rpariHUbi rrpHBbP-fliO-
ro MHpa 3Ha'-IHTeJJbJJO pacw.rtpHJIHCb. BMecro CJta6oi1 lla!J,C)KJ:(bl Ha 6y,:tywec II051Bit11aCb B03MO:>KIIOCTb TBepll,o ynpasJUTTb csoert cy,:th6oil. IIpas11,a, Hecr-roTp51 Ha BIIAllMOe 611aronony'-n1e, AYWY fj)bl3 YepBb .'II060nbiTCTBa lJ .llerL<OlO 6CCf!Ol<OllCTBa. qTO-TO Me-
UlaJIO Cl\fY HaCJJa)KJ:(aTbC51 :>Kll31lbiO. H ::JTO YTO-TO B BII,Ue noCTo-
_mmo 0)l011eBaJOll!IIX MblCJiei'r Oil CTapaTeJJbJIO 0Tf01151Jl OT ce651, 3
ar.rryura5! yrropHoii pa6oToi1. -qero 3Ba1I?-
CartbKa orrycntJJC51 Ha coce.aHir}i CTy.rr. KocT51 !lO~'BCTBOBaTI "'IerKm1 yKOJJ 3aBHCTH. CyJJ,51 no crroKoii-
HOMY 11 y sepeHrlo~ry BHAY Apyra, Toro y:>K TOLJIIO 11e O,ll,011CBaJill COM 11Clll151. -
L{a TaK, pa3roBop ecTh. -
To.'lhKO AaBalt 6hLCTper\ a TO 5I Topon11IOCb. Onure6eys xoJIO,ll,Horo coKa, KocT51 OKHHYJJ Toro Bbl/KH,ll,aTCJib-
HbiM B3f115l)IOM: -
Tbt He flbiTaJJC51 y3HaTb ,ll,ary? -
KaKyro .aaTy?-
He cpa3y nOLt51JJ CaHbKa. -
L{aTy, KOr,ll,a Bee 3aKOI-f1-fHTCH. BeAb ::JTO npowe 11pocToro. Bbr-
6uparl 21,eHb H 3801111. -A 3aYeM? -
B3f.'l5l.ll. CaHbKH BApyr CTaJJ KOJJLO'-IJIM, -
'-IT06 3aKOJILIHTb KaK OHM. Bhr6poch ::Jnt MbiC11l1 l13 roJTOBbJ. Ee3 m1x IKMTb Hai\1HOfO npowe. IIo21. c.rroaoM <<OHJI>} CaribKa HMCJJ B su.ay 6oJTbWOe Lfl!C110 a6o-
HCHTOB, f!Oii06llO l!apKOMaHai\1 fiO,TJ:CeBlllHM Ha TeJ!ecpOil. EbiCTj)O -
3ti, Tb!! fiO,ll,Jf ClO)la! qTO ::JTO 3a OTHO-
llleHHC TaKoe? 5I Te6H cnpawHBaro! -Acb?! -
Y:>Kac, KaKJ!X TOJJbKO HCY'feH 6epyT 11a pa6oTy! Tbi3Haemb, KTO 5I TaKoo? -HeT. -TaK 3Hai11Ke, wanonafr! Merr51 30BYT i\lllCTep To Mac Al rBI rn! 5I B11a!J,CJICI~ AByx D,CC5ITKOB 3aBO)lOB MCTaJJ11ypn llJCCKorr npOMbiW.1ermocTHHa o6onx no6epe:>Kb-
51X KOJITHHCHTa. ]!{ 51, '-lej)T TC651 B03bMll, Tpe6y10 K ce6c )lOJl:>KilOfO fia:>KCHH51. -
KaKoro-KaKoro ysa:>KeH!15!? -
CmHb, 6ecrO.'IOLJb! ITpi!BeAH KO Mile i\lCilC21,1KCpa. 5I CMY Bb!CKa:>KY BCC, LJTO 5! .ll.yMaiO 06 3TOM MCCTC. Hy! EbiCTpee, 6em TaK, '-IT06bi T011bKO nHTKll cBepKanH! -IIpowy npoW,C!lllH 3a MaJJbLJHllll<y, on eW,c CTa:>Kep. qTo sac 6CCfiOKOIIT? -Bo-nepBblX, 3TO MCCTO COBCj)lllCilO HC ITOXOIKC Jla peKJiaMy B TOll KHiifC ... -A lJTO KOHKj)CTJIO OTCYTCTByeT? -
HanpHMep, 5I 11e Mory rrpHH51Tb BaHIIy, TaK Kai< B MOeM H0~1epc ee l!OITj)OCTy HeT! -
EC.'lll '-ICCTIJO, TO B XO,ll,e J\IO,ll,ej)lll!3aUJ1H :noro MCCTa Mbll136a-
BilJTHCb OT yCTapeswax rrp!Illa!J,JJC:>KirocTeii. Bo.aHble npm.(eAypbl y HaC Terrepb llj)OXO)l5IT B CITel.(HaJJbiiOH I<a6l1Jie ... -
Cosepwermo 11e pacclJHTaJIHOH rra Mor1 sec! 3To yW,eM11eHHe ~IOitx npaa! Bbr HIIKOI!J\I o6pa30M IIe 3a6ontTCCb o AOPO.ll.Hhrx rocTHx! PacHCTbr! -
IbBHHJtTe, npoCTo K Ha\I OlfCJJb pe,ll,I<O nona11,aroT rocnt, XJ\t, B TeJJC. -A 51 BOT OKa3aJJC5l y sac, 11 lJTO MIIC Tenepb .aeJiaTb? IIpell,JJara-
eTe 3a6HTbC5l B 3TY .aymery6I<y? www.technicamolodezhi.ru > Tep5!51 CB513b C peaJJbllOCTblO, 01111 3aKaJLLIHBaJ!H ITj)aJ(TillJCCI<11 O,ll,HHaKOBO. BbJ6op 6hm IICBe11HK. JIH6o 6o11bHifLJl!a5! KOi'IKa B naJiaTe JLJJ5l 6yi1HO fiOMCWallllbiX, 111160 BCj)CBOLJHa5! lleTJI51. -
31!aYJ IT, 11c 3BOHII11, -
f!OJ.J.b!TO:>KJIJT KocT51. -He 3BOIIIHI 1 r Te6e He coscTyto! IIpoBO,ll,MB Apyra B3r115!/10M, KoCT5l eme J10LfTI! LJaC rrpOTOj)'-laJI B Kacpe. TeJTecpoH )Kcr eMy pyKy. HcKYIIlCHHC 6hr11o C111111IKOM se-
;nrKo. L{a YTO J\tO:>KeT C11f'-IJ ITbC5! acero OT O,ll,HOro 3BOHI<a? II poe-
TO IT03BOHMT B 6yAymee, ll03,ll,paB11T Cai\f CC651 C WeCTH)lCC5lTIL'IC-
Tl1eM II BCC. 3TO, KOIIelfHO, He pelliiiT npo6JICMy, HO XOTb 6yJJ.CT 3JLaTh, LJTO ,ll,O 1repsoro py6c:>Ka .liOTHHCT. MbiC11eHIIO ycnoi<aHBa5! ce65!, '-ITO HH'-Iero CTpaumoro uc npo-
ll3orr,ll,eT, I!06paJicH .ao co6cTBCIIIIOH KBapTHpbL IIoc.1oH>rBIIIHCb riO nyCTblM KOMI!aTaM, B,ll,pyr flO I 15111, '-ITO 60JTbliiC IIC MO)KCT IKI !Tb B HCII3BeCTJJOCT11. -
Bcero O.ll.l 111 3BOHOK, OJJ.M r 1, -
CJIOBHO 3aBe,UCI 111 btlf 6y61 u rJJ no .a 1 toe, a6HBaJJ B KaJJCII,ll,apb r IYIKI 1yio ,ll,aTy. 0T:>KaB KHOHKY Bbl30Ba, CJIOBILO C r0110BOM IIblj)lfYJI B 11C,L\5!JJYIO npopy6b. )KIJ,aTb npllWJJOCb He.ao11ro. Yc.nbnuas OTBeT, C:IOBIIO Bbi6poweHHa5! 11a 6eper pb16a npiiH5!JIC51 xsaTaTb pTOM B03.ll.yx. ITp!!BbiLfllbi{r M up pyxHy11 B OiiHO'faCbe. PyKa .aponry11a, 11 TeJre-
cpoH c rpoMI<LIM cTyKoM y1raJI Ha noJI. 113 ,L(JJLiaMIIKa,ll,OIIOCIIJJIICb 6e3f'-laCTHble CJ!OBa aBTOMaTa, fOBOj)5llliC!'O IKCIICI<lfM fOJJOCO~I: -A6oHeHT speJ\IeHJLO He ,ll,OcryneH. TcJrecpoH BbiKJJIO'-ICH 11.'111 llaxO,ll,I1TC5l BHC 301fbl IJ,eHCTBII5l CeTII. TM -
KoHCLIHO :>Ke, IICT. IIpocniTe, Hawll I pa6onuiKH ycTaiLOBHT BaM ncpcoHaJib-
HYJO annapaTypy. qTo-To eW,e? -
Bo-BTOpbiX, no l!OBOJJ.Y TCMnepaTy-
j)bl BO/lbl... . I -
L{asai4Te onycTHi\1 3TO 11 nepeii11eM cpa3y K Tj)eTbeMy nyiiKTY. -
Jla!J,HO, TYT .aetiCTBI!Te:rhiiO paccy:>K-
JlaTb 6ecno11e3HO, noi<a 5I ue YBIJ:>Ky, LJTO Bbl, H3BCprH, MHC l1j)llfOTOBI!11ll TaJ\I. Tor,ll,a, B-TpeTbiLX, Bauiii cmp~,ll,IIML01 1 TaK )KC HC COOTBCTCTBYJOT peKJiai\IHOMY 6yKJJeTy. 3TO LJHCTeiJmeft BO)lbl-JIO:>Kb! 5I HC ,ll,Jl5! TOfO TaK ,T(011f0 pa60TaJJ, L!T0-
6bl 110Jijlli!Tb B KOHUe TaKOC 6e306pa3bC! -Y Hac JLOBbiK .apccc-KOLt. XoT5! ITO.ll.OIK/lHTC, 5I YTOLfHIO y rJJaB-1 HOro MeJLe,ll,:>Kepa. -
Be311,e HMO :>KJlaTb. Hy 11 cepsuc! -CnaCJr6o 3a O:>KH,ll,a1111e. HcKJl!OLJllTC11bllO u3-3a BauiHX orpoM-
llbJX 3ac11yr uaurH COTPYl.l.ll!IKH 6y/1y-r panbi npe,ll,cTaTb nepe,ll, Bal\111 KaK B TOM pCK11ai\ll!OM 113)J,alll1Il, TO CCTb C poraMII ~I BH11a-J J\111. -A.. I -KOTeJJ y:>Ke yCTaHOBMJTH aai\r a HOJ\rep, H 5I 11HLJJio npoc.'Ie:>Ky, LJT06br BOAa B 11eM 6br11a oLJellb rop5!L[a5!, TaKa5!, 4T06bt LLnOTb cJre-
3ana C KOCTCI~I. Ta!()f(C MIIC 110pf'-leHO Ilj)OKO!!Tj)OJTH\)OBaTb flj)O- ~ rpaMMY salllcro npe6biBaiLJ15! y Hac. Bbr no11y'-111Te Bee no BbiC-
weMy pa3pH/1Y. 3acJTyr y sac H B rrpaB/lY JJeMano! Cnanr6o, 'ITO OKa3aJII!Cb y JJaC, B A,lJ,y! -
Ho 5I etue ne paccKa3aJJ BaM o no)J,ll,e11bl!OJ\L I<HY"fe, KOTOpi>tlr cosepweHI!O 11c ,ll,epcT KO:>Ky... I -
06ewaro, J\lbl HcnpaBIIMC51! To11bKO ,ll,Jl51 sac Bee 6y.ll.eT uo Bbrc-
IUeMy j)a3j)5!,ll,y! TM 61 • ~ -
1/0CbB 3pY!JUTa > B KOpltllopax aHrJIMHCKO-
OCJia 3a]lOM llanepClll1 B TaKOM BHllC BbiBC3TI1 113 CTOJIJ ll(bl. Y31taB o6 3TOM 6ecnpc1tC-
llCHTIIOM ocKop6Jlelll111 Ep11-
TaHcKoi1 11MTICp11H, KOpOJ!CBa 11p111<a3a.na CBOCMY Cj:JJIOTY 6oM6ap;ll1pOBaT& 6epera Eo-
JIHBHH, Bb!Ca]lHTb llCCaHT 11 apeCToBaT& llHKTaTopa. Ho BbiiWJlHHTb 3TOT IIpHKa3 cpJ!OT He CMOr: y paCIIOJio:>KCHHOi{ B ropax EoJIHBHH HCT 1\IOpcrmx rpaHHU. Torna KopoJieBa, Bhi-
3BaB K ce6e npeM&epa, 3a5lB11-
npo6opMOTaJI XpyweB, co6H-
pa5! CO CTOJla 6yl\1ar11. -
3TO 5I TaK>> ... HeuJaecrHoe o6 uJaecrHoM > tl e}'l ~Dl 6CjM61JH n p 111./.. e.;r v 1-1 o f ~ UK BKII(6), B UeHTpa.nbHbiii TeJicrpacp, B KypcKH(t BOK3aJI, lleCKOJibKO pa3 B fiaBeJieUKIIil BOK3aJI, B MeTpOMOCT, B 3]laHHe ra3eTbl «lif3BeCTH51>> ( HO TaM 6oM6a He B30pBa.nacb), 6&IJIH pa3pyweHhl HeKOTOpbie cpa6-
p11KI1 ~I 3aBOJlhl, MHOfO !UKOJI 11 )!O'lJ!b!X llO!\lOB. EoM6&r rrorra.n11 B TeaTp Bax-
TartroBa ll B EoJibUIOH TeaTp, yn
a.nM6JIM3 nal\rnTHIIKa TmiH-
p513eBy, y HHKMTCKMx BopoT, Henona.neKy oT 31laHH51 TACC, ro napJtaMeJna BHCHT KapTa Jla eMy, LITO OTHhiHe EoJ111BI151 OKOJIO 3llaJIH51. <<l13Becnr}t),). MHpa, 11a KOTOpOH HeT IO:>KHO-CYI1TaeTC51 HecyweCTByiO!UH!\1 0HH pa3pylliHJII1'-taCTb 3]laHI1Jl aMepHKallcKoi1 pecny6IlHKH rocynapcTBOM. B35JB 6oJrbiiiYIO Me:>Klly KpeMJieM a EH6mto-
EoJIHBIII1: OJta 3aMa3aHa Ha reorpaclmYecKylo KapTy, Olta TeKOH HM. JleHHHa H 3Jiaiiiie Hei1 ryCTor, '!epHoi1 KpacKoH. HO:>KHHU.aMH co6cTBelii10p)"---He1tam1o :>KypHa.nHcT 0. Ea-
Henona~IeKy oT HHKOJr&cKo}t A npo1130lliJIO 3TO rroToMy, HO Bblpe3aJta 113 11ee 11enoy-KYJlltH o6Hapy:>KHJ1 B pacceK-6alliHI1 KpeMJl5!. 0JIHa 6oM6a YTO B uapCTBOBaHHe KOpO-TI1TeJlbHYIO pecny6JIHKY. 11 B peYeHH0!\1 JIHL£HOM cp011llC yna.na y MeTpO Ap6aTCKa5l -
JleBbl BltKTOjJI!I1 rrp01130IliCJl TeLICHIIe MHOrHX JleT aJ-lfJIHi1-11.B. CTaJIHHa rrpoeKT CBO,U-
no cocencTBY co 3]laHIICM re-
KOiicpJli!KT Me:>KllY BHOBb l!a-
CKIIe ycre6HHKH reorpacpHH KH COBviHcpOpM610pO 0 HaJie-Hepa.nbHOfO lUTa6a, npyra5l -
3HaYeHHbJM B EoJIHBHIO aHr-H36era.nH BCRL£ecKoro yrroMH-Tax cpalliHCTCKoi1 aBHauHH t∙ra OKOJIO oco6H51.Ka Ha KHpOB-
JlHHCKHM nocJiaHJIHKOM 11 Ta-
HaiiH5! o EoJIHBHH. MoCJ<BY c 22 HJOJI5J no 6 as-CKOH, rJie BO BpeM5! soH:ttbt MOWHIIMllHKTaTOpoMreHepa.noM Tenepb Jli1IIJIOMaTHL[CCKI1C ryCTa 1941 r .. B HeM, B '!aCT-HaxOJIHJICH fKO -
rocyll.apc-
M. Ma.nbrapeH:xo. Xpa6pbri1: OTHOilleHH51. Me:>KAY AllrJIHei1 HOCTI1, npon11caH a63arr, 3a-
TBeHHbiH KOMMTeT o6opoH&I, a reHepa.n, nplrWe/I.IliHH K BJiaC-H EOJ111BI1e}l llaBHO y:>Ke BOC-AaBIJJHH TOll COBeTCKHM CMI1 ewe OAJ!a norra.na B 1l}JOB5IHO}J Tl1 B pe3yJlbTaTe O'!epellHOfO CTallOBJJeJlbl, HO B KYJtyapax B OCBeLUeHHH <HOH TeMbi. CKJia]l 3a A6eJI&MaHOBCKOil 3a-
rrepeBOpOTa, He 6b!Jl YJCKyllleH Ila.naTbl 06!UI1H npOAOJl:>Ka-«HI1 0/1.1111 BOeHHblH 06'beKT CTaBOH, rAe CTOHJI Cflel[fiOe3ll B TOI!KOCT5IX AHriJIOMaTI1L£eC-
eT BHCeTb KapTa CO CJieAaM11 11e fiOCTpana.n BO BpeMH 3H1X CaMOfO CTaJIHHa! ∙ KOjJOJi
eBCKOro nreBa. 0,!1Ha)f(,l1bt> 81-o eJ1 TBK-•.. HaJieToB Jte!\reui<Hx caMoJre-
TaKyJO MeTr<ocT& o6&r'!HO o6b-
TOB. He TIOBpe)KlleHbl TaK:>Ke 11 5JCH5JIOT Tel\1, l..JTO y HeMUeB-lle o6-bCKTbl fO}JO/I.CKOfO X035J~ic-
6h!Jl11 OTI<yAa-TO OYeHb llO,U-
ma. He nocTpana.no HH OJIHO po6H&Ie r<apT&r MocKBbl. Ho, 113 Kpyn Hb!X IIpOMbllliJieHllb!X OI<a3biBaeTCH, 11M fiOMOra.na npe1lrtp1151.THH, I<aK 11 HYJ OJIHO CU[e H TaHHCTBeHHa5l ll51Ta5l 113 3AaHI1 H rrpaBHTeJihCTBell-
llblX y'!pe:>KAeHHH),). Ha caMOM AeJle HeMUbl 6oM6HJIH MocKBY llpltUeJlbJ-10. IlepBb!H B03/I.YWHbiH HaiiCT 11a Mocr<By Ha'!aJIC51, 21 1110Jl51 1941 r. B 22.10 111lJIHJIC51 fi51.Tb KOrD npOTOKOJla 11 3THKeTa. 11 IIOCeMy, HHCKOJibKO He 3a-
llYM b!Ba5!Cb, IIpHrJlaCHJl Ha OcpllUHaJlbllblll 11p11eM CBOIO OLiepeL
lHYIO -
LUeCTyJO -llaMy cepAua, KOTOpa5! Aa:>Ke B Eo-
JlHBHH fiOJib30BaJlaCb COMH11-
TeJlbllOi:f. penyrau11ei1. )lrmJrOManrYecr<m{ Koprryc 6biJI HeMaJIO CMy!UeH Tal<HM acppOHTOM, HO HefOllOBaHHe HIIOCTparrueB 1lOCTHrJio arro-
re51, Koma reHepa.n B BeCbMa peWHTeJibHOM TOHe npeAJlO-
:>KHJl 110CJiaM L(eJlOBaTb pyKy cBoei1 Jllo6oBm1Uhi. )lHTIJIOMa-
Otuta:>K/1.&1 XpyLUeB, B&rcTyna5l c noJLOBI1Hoi1 '!acoB. IlocJie no TeJleBH3opy, Ha'!a.n rpoMHTb 3TOro 6oM6&1 nana.n11 Ha MocK-
6yp:>KycB, o6JlHYaT& HMncpH-sy IIOYTI1 Ka:>KAyro HO'!h. Hano KOJ!OJIHa B CaMOM ropOAe. Ha MoxoBo}r yllHue, np5IMO l!anpoTHB KpeMJIH, :>KHJla Ha BepXHeM 3Ta:>Ke JIOM rllyxa5l riOACJ!erJOBaTa51 CTapyxa, KOTO-
pa>! HHKaK He MOrJia yCBOHTb npaBv!Jla CBeTOMaCKHpOBI<ll. Ka:>r</l.hiM BeLiep, J-IeB3Hpa5l 11a yBC1UCBaHHH ynpaBAOMa H MHJ!Hl..(HH, OHa 3a:>KHra.na CBCT. KaK-TO pa3 BO BpeMH B03Ayw-
Hoi1 TpeBOrH B ee OCBeLUeHHOe OKHO Bb!CTpellHJI 1lJIH OCTpaCT-
1<11 '!aCOBOH. IlyJIH nona.na CTa-
pywKe B roJioBy H yJIO:>KILJla ee JtaTIOBaJI. Tpyn llOCTaBHJlll B ITj)HeMHbi}! TIOKOJ\ pa3,1l,eJIH, 11 OKa3aJl0Ch, LITO 3TO 1-re CTa-
pyuJI<a, a KperrKHH copor<a.ncT-
HI1H MY:>KYHJ-Ia! Tbl, y:>Ke np11Bh!KlliHe K MeCT-
ai!HCTOB 3a 11X 1<031-!H H pa30-
Hbll\1 HpaBaM, cr<peiiH cepAue w0rc51, LJTO o6eLUa.n noKa3aTb nOJI'!l1Hl!Jll1Ch, r-ro rop1l&IH aH-
HM KY3bKHHY MaTb, noKa3aTb, fJll1iiCKI1I1 llOCJlamiHK, npeA-flle paKH 311MYIOT, a 11p11 CJiy-
CTaBJI5IBWIIrl CBOIO 113BeCTHYIO '!ae Ha]laBaTb 1111HKOB. I1epe-
nyp11TaHI!3MOM KOpOJieBy, AaYa KOH'!HJlaCb. )lo CMepm B Kpa}IHe pe3Koi1 cpopMe oTKa-nepenyraHH&ri1 orrepaTop no-
3aJlC51 3TO C]leJlaTb. )lHI<TaTOp 6eJieBWHMI1 ry6aM11 npoJie-
11pHLUeJ1 B RpocT&. OH npHKa-
rreTaJt: «HHKHTa CepreeBHY! 3a.n cxBaTHTb 1lHTIJIOMaTa, pa3-
Bee? 3To BOHI-m?\). neTb ero AOl-OJla, TIOCa]lHTb Ha -Mo:>KeWbCTiaTbCTIOKOHHO,-
62 O'r]laTb llOJl:>KJ-IOe CHCTeMe IIBO Mocr<B&I, r<o-ropa>J ,ll,ei1c-
TBOBa.na BeCbMa 3cpcpeKTVIBHO, HC llaB 60JJbWHIICTBY 6oM-
6ap/I.HpOB1Ul IKOB 11pOpBaTbC51 K Mocr<Be. Ho Te, r<OTOpbiM npopBaTbC5! yJia.noc&, 6oM6H-
Jll1 MeTKO. )loCTaTO'!HO CKa-
3aTb, YTO B KpeMJlb no nan 1114 6oM6, OJIHa H3 HHX p51.AOM c U
apb-KOJIOI<OJIOM, B 3AaHHe He Meliee 3arano'!Hyro HCTO-
rexHHKa-MonoAEi>KH 11 #93711 OKTR6pb 2011 p1110 paccKa3biBaeT oxpaHHHK CTaJllllJa Phi61llt. Bo speM51 IIOYHOll 60i\I6bKKII C 4-ro 3Ta-
)Ka fOCTHH!f!]bl <<Ha!]IIOI!aJlb>> B cTopoHy KpeMJ151 BbJJieTeJla ocseTHTeJihHa51 paKeTa. Kor,'la YeKHCTbl SOpBaJlllCb B HOMep, TaM Jie)KaJl lla ,'li!Balle, IIOKy-
p11Ba51 CHrapeTKy, 6H3HeCMeH 113 6aJlniHCKOH CTpallbi, y KO-
TOporo 06Hapy)KHJ111 paKeTHH-
uy. .. COCCA!!CMY IIYTH JIOKOMOTHB ~PaKeTa». OH nocrrewHJJ noA-
1151TbC5l Ha CTYllellbKY SCJlJlH II r-
TOllOSCKOrO BarOJ-ta, HO IIOTe-
p51Jl pasHOBCCHC H ynaJl 1Ip51MO 110,'l WC,'llllHH riOJlHbiM XO,'lOM naposo3, pa3Apo6vmwH}i eMy HOry. lf/1/Taf/ Kfl8CC/IIKOB> 0fp9 6.71 eH »e. JrO-
ronoH 11.71111"'tecK..n JlcrKOCTb, C KOTOj)OH B COBeT-
CKOe speM5l flCj)CHMCHOBbl-
K11y6 TM KOSCKHM KOJlJieraM ,'lp03ll,a. <<Mbl. .. CYHTaeM CSOHM rpa)!{-
ll,aHCKHM ,'lOJifOM SbiCKa3aTb CBOH coo6pa)KCH1151 no IIOBOAY rtpe,'lJIO)!{eHHll ropbKOBCKHX TosapMmei:i>>. CTOJliiYHbte KOpMcpeH COYJII!, LfTO npe,ll.JlO-
)!{eHJ•Ie IIX rtpOSHJ-l!]HaJlbl-lblX KOJIJier ~OCKOp6HTeJlbHO ll,J151 HMeJ-IH BeJlHKOfO npOJleTap-
CKOfO flHCaTCJI51». qTO Tpa-
,'lH!]HH Hn)!{Hero HosropoAa ~HH S MaJIO~i Mepe He 110CTpa-
,'laJll1 OT TOfO, LfTO fOj)O,'l 6h!JI B CSOe speM5l Ha3saH HMeHeM OAHOro JtH)f(eropoAua, Lier, o6pa3 O,ll.l11!aKOso AOpor co-
CrccpeHCOH npHKa3aJl noJio-
)f(MTb paHCIIOfO Ha IIJIOlUaAKy JlOKOMOTHSa ~HOj)'ryM6pMel ( » H JIWIHO IlOSeJI napOS03 S ro-
pOAOK J1KJieCC B 24-KM OT MeC-
Ta rrpOHCWeCTBH5l, fll,C MO)KIIO 6hiJIO Hai1nl spaLia. OH npo-
weJl 3TO paCCT05IHHe scero 3a 25 MHH, IlOCTaBHB TOr,'laWHHH peKOp,'l CKOj)OCTH-
57,6 KM/LJ. Ho 3TO He cnacJio fecKHHco-
1 1a. OH yMep s TOT )Ke seYep, eTas, TaKHM o6pa30M, rrepsoi1 )!{ej)TBOH )!{CJJe3110AOPO)!{H0fO TpaHcnopTa. SaJ111 fOj)O,'la II seCH, CTaB¥1Jla TH5IM MJIJIJlHOilOS JIIO,'le~l II B MHOrHX 11aJJJIIX cooTeLJeCT-CCCP ~ ~ Ita scex rrHTH MaTe-
3TO flCYaJlbHOe C06b!Tl1e rro6y-
,'lHJ10 CTecpeHcoHa no,'lyMaTb o BeHHHKOS B HeJlenei{wee 110-
J
JO)f(eiHIC. Jier, K npHMepy, LJc-
JloseK crraTb HM)KeropOAUeM, a nponryJIC5l ropbKOsYaHH-
IIOM. qTo TaKoe? IIolfeMy? A HOTOMy, LITO WeCTb,'leC5IT JleT IIoBOAOM K ero noHsJieHHIO CTaJla Tpare,'ll15l, npoH30WeA-
Wa51 15 ceHT516pH 1830 r. Ha TOp)KeCTBeHHOM OTKj)blTYI ~I Jh1 sepny Jib-
MaH LiecTcpcKoii )KCJ1C3HOH ,'l0j)Ofl1, riOCTj)OCH-
HOll 3HaMeHHTbJM f. CTecpeH-
COllOM. B 3TOT ,'lCIIb SOCCMb yKpaweHHblX ¢JlaraM!1 rroe3-
L\OB ,'lOCTaSHJlH H3 JI~mep ny­
J151 B MaHYecrep OKOJIO 600 fOCTCH, cpe,'lll KOTOpb!X 6hiJ111 3Hai\ICH!1TblC S Ty nopy rocy-
,'laj)CTSeH HblC ,'lC51TCJ111: repuor BeJIJII1HITOH, Po6cpT llHJih, a TaK)Ke rrpecrapeJlbiH ¢11-
rtpell,yrrpe)f(,'laJOil[eH CHfHaJIH-Ha3a,'l j)O,'l11J!C5l s 3HaMeH11TOM 3at!H H: TaK noHB11JIHCb rrepsbJC HHIKHeM HosropoAe Kapany3, napOBbie Tpy6hl, npe,'lyrrpeJK-CTaSW11H seJIHKMM ITHCaTeJieM ,'la!Oil[He 06 onaCHOCTH pesOM l10,'l rrces,'l0ll11MOM fOpbK11H H BbliiYCKaeMorOI131!11XITapa.Ho OTJ-I5ISW11H y j)O,'lHOrO ropo,'la B 1835 r. Ha 1KeJie3Hbie ll,OpOrH MHOroset<OBOe HCTOj)W!eCJ<Oe flj)11l!lJia 60Jiee COSCpUJeJ!Ha51 Ha3BaJ∙!He! J1 eCJIH paHbWe IIOSHHKa -
napOBOH CSI1CTOK, SflCj)Sble 11p1∙1MeHeHHbi}I Ha AYrJlaccKOM 1l<eJre30AeJiaTCJib-
HOM 3aSO,'lC. 3TO ITOJIC3HeH-
l!lee C11fHaJlbHOe ycrpor!CTBO, CTaswee CO spCMCJleM KJiaC-
CHYeCK11M, Ilj)11 nepsOHallaJlb-
IIOM CBOeM 1105!BJieHI111 6biJ10 BCTj)elfeHO seCbMa Sj)a)!{,'lC6110. B 1836 r. JIOHAOHCKa51 ra3eTa llaJICIICT H LfJJell naj)Jlai\1eHTa ~[JI06>> IIHCaJia: ~lllaroM l!a-
B. fecKJ1HCOH. Bo speM51 oCTa-
3aA B 11CTopHH UHBI1JIH3aUHH HOBKI1 Ha Oll,HOii 113 npoMe)f(y-CTaJIO l103BOJleJIHC, YT06hl3TOT TOL!Ilb!X CTaH L[ll H feCKHHCOH y)!{aCHb!H 3ByK, B cpasHeHH 11 BMeCTe CO MliOrHi\111 .UpyrHM11 C KOTOj)blM 6pa11JlblH I(JI~JL[ naCCa)!{llj)aMII 6ecnelfHO npo-
KpaCIIOKO)!{HX Ka)KeTC5l npH-
ryJ!ItSaJIC51 110 j)eJlbCOSbiM 51Hib1M AJI51 CJJyxa, [)a3,'laSaJIC51 11YT5!M II, IIO,'lO~ll\51 K saro11y B 60Jlbllll1X ropo,'lax cpe,'lH T11-
repuora BMJIHilrTOHa, pa3ro-
xoii. AyxosHoi1 .n.e5ITCJibHOCTI1 BOp11JlC5! C HHM TaK JIJ06e3HO, JIIO,'leH H B IIOMeCTb51X H3HC-
L!TO rro6eAI1TeJlb HanoJieo-)!{eHHoii apHcToKpaTI1H>> ... 11a Aa)!{e nO)KaJl cp11HaHC11CTY Ho 3TH orraceHH51 6hiCTpo OT-
pyKy. B 3TOT MOMCIIT pa3AaJIHCb Kp11K11, H feCKHIICO~I, OfJI5IHys-
WIICb, ym1llCJI MLJaBwMHC5l no www.technicamolodezhi.ru ,. IIaJIH llOCJle TOfO, KaK napOB03-
HblC CSHCTKH CTaJIH CflaCaTb OT CMepTH H yBeY b51 COTHH JIJO-
,'lCH. rtp011CXO)!{,'leH He fOpO)KaH CB513biBaJ10Cb C l!a3BaJ-I!1eM Jll0611MOfO H pOll,HOfO ropoll,a, TO Terrepb 0110 6hiJlo npHCTer-
IIYTO K ncesll,OIIHMY LteJioBeKa, MO)KeT, H BeJli1KOrO, HO ,ll.OpO-
roro H l(eH 11M OrO ,'laJleKO He J(a)!{,'lb!M. HcJlenocTb H orracHOCTb no-
A06HbiX BTOpiKCHHH B pyc-
CKYIO ~ I CTOp iiLf CCKY IO TOIIO-
HHMHKY 6hwa 51CHa mo6oMy o6pa30BaHHOMY YeJlOBeKy, H B 1956 r. fOphKOBCKHe II H-
CaTeJIH ITOCTaBHJlH SOflj)OC 0 B03spameH11H ropOAY ero ¥1C-
TOpH'-1eCKOrO I-Ja3saHH5l. l1 TYT )f(e OH11 flOJIYLIHJ!H )f(eCTOLtaH-
WHH OTJ1yr1. l1 OT Koro? He OT 6e3p0110THblX CJlY)!{HTeJlCH KOMaJ!,'lHO-a,ll.l\IIH HHCTpaTH B-
IIOH CHCTeMhl, a OT csoero )Ke 6paTa fli1CaTeJ151! B IIHChMe B UK KIICC npc.u-
craBHTeJI¥1 CTOJI J1LIHOH 11¥1Ca-
TeJibCKOH 3JII'ITbl ,ll.aJIH ropb-
pHKax 11awei1 rrJiaHeTbi>>. qTo Hi\151 fopbKOro He CJIY1.JaHHO npHcsoeHo MMCJIHO HH)!{He-
MY Hosropo.uy, ~rAe OH rra'-!aJl npoxO)!{,'leJ-lHe TPYAHb!X yrm-
sepcHTeTOB csoei1 )KH3HH>>. -
HaM KaJKeTcR, -
3aKJnoLia-
JIH CBOe 1111CbMO-:ll,OHOC MH)!{e-
!Iepbl LfeJioBeLteCKHX Ayw, -
LITO HOCHTb BCeMHj)HO H3BeC-
THOe, Kj)biJiaTOe H ∙ cseTJlOe HM5l fopbKoro He YH11)f(eHHe, a YeCTb AJ151 mo6oro, cTaporo HJlH MOJlo.uoro, ropo.ua uawei1 POAHHbl... HaAo yLteCTb ewe 11 TO, KaK 3TOT aKT 6y,'leT HCTOJI-
KOBall y 11ac B HapoAC H, s oco-
6eHHOCTH, 3a rpaHHueii..' .. EcJI 11 ropo.u 6y.ucT nepeMMeHoBaH, He 6yAeT JlH 3TO paCCMOTj)CHO KaK MOj)aJlbHa51 11 110JII1THLieC-
Ka51 penpeCCH5l flj)OTHB naM51-
TH seJIHKOfO ITI1CaTeJ151? J1 KTO )Ke HHCaJl 3TY uecyc-
SCTHYIO LJYWb? YBbl, 3HaKOMble see J!H!]a -
CypKoB, KaTaes, /Kapos, TsapAOBCJmi'i, <l>eAHH, B.CMHpHOB, H. 'THXOHOS, JiaspeHeB, Kop1-1eii qyKos-
CKHH, A)Kaes, Ko)!{eBHHKOB, JI yrOBCKO}i, JIH6e,ll.HHCKH rt, l1H6ep, liiTe}m, ATapos, MapKoB, KoLtcTos H <<HOA-
nHcb Hepa36opYHBa>>. Hey)!{eJIH OJ-111 I1CKpe11ue TaK AYMaJJH? l1JIH noAnHca-
Jl 11 nMCbMO no Tpe6osamuo BJiaCTb II pe,'lep)!{alUHX? 63 -
no CAMbiM AOCTYnHbiM UEHAM B PEllAKUitUII Bbl MO>KeTe onnannb KBl!lTaHL\l-110, KOTopas:~ ny6nl-1Kyercs:~ so scex >KypHanax lilA «TexHl!lKa-
MOnOAEi>Kl-1>> l-1 Ha ca~Te technicamolodezhi.ru, B n1060M OTAeneHl!ll-1 C6ep6aHKa Poccl!ll-1. B rpacpe « Ha3Ha~eHl!le nnaTe>Ka>> yKa>Kl!lTe Ha3BaHl!le >KypHana l-1 HOMep, Ha~l!lHas:l C KOTOpOIO Bbl XOTl!lTe noAnl!lcaTbCs:i, a raK>Ke nepl!lOA noAnl!lCKl-1. YKa>Kl!lTe Ha 6naHKe sawl-1 ct:>.ltl.O. l-1 n pasl!lnbHbl~ aApec AOCTaBKl-1. noAnl!lcaTbCs:i Ha >KypHan MO>KHO c n106oro MeCs:~l.la Ha nonroAa l!lnl-1 Ha roA. 8 CTOl!lMOCTb nOAnl!lCKl-1 BKniO~eHa nO~TOBas:l AOCTaBKa 3aKa3 H O~ 6aHAeponbiO. BHIIIMAHIIIE! Ami nOATBep>KAeHMSI nnare>Ka Heo6XOAMMO ompaBMTb KOnMIO KBMT3HI..IMM no 3Apecy: 127051, r. MocKsa, a/s:~-94, l!lnl-1 no 3n. no~re: shop@tm-magazin.ru TEilE<I>OH l\Ilfl CnPABOK: (499)972-63-11 3AO «Kopnopal\l!lfl BECT>>, yn. necHas:~, 39 «TeXHitK3-MOl10ilihKit>> 6 HOMepOB -
660 J)y6. 12 HOMepOB -
1320 py6. «OpylKMe>> 6 HOMepOB -
660 J)y6. 12 HOMepOB -
1320 py6. #100 ~-=-­
ii ~-
,,ropHble llbllKit/SKI>> 3 HOMepa -
420 py6. 6 HOMepOB -
840 py6. -----
-
---
--
-
---
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-----
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
----
-, !:∙ ~3BE~EH~E 3AO «KopnopaqltA BECT» KaccHp KB~TA H ~~Sl MHH 7734116001 P /c 407028100380901 06637 MocKOBCKI1M 6aHK OAO C6ep6aHKa Pocc1111, r. MocKBa 6MK 044525225 K/c 30101810400000000225 Knn 110101 oo1 <l>.ltl.Q., l-1HA8KC, nO'lTOBb l ~ aApec ADCTaBKl-1 Ha3Ha'leHl!le nnare>Ka CyMMa, py6. DonaTa 3a )l(ypHan, _ ____,,---
3a MecAqes, c N!! __ 3AO <<KopnopaQI1A BECT» BT.'l.H C10% MHH 7734116001 P /c 40702810038090106637 MocKOBCKI1M 6aHK OAO C6ep6aHKa Pocc1111, r. MocKBa 6MK 044525225 K/c 30101810400000000225 Knn 110101 oo1 <l>.ltl.O., l-1HA8KC, nO'lTOBbl~ aApec ADCTaBKl-1 Ha3Ha'leHl!1e nnaTe>Ka CyMMa, py6. DonaTa 3a )l(ypHan _ ____,,---
3a MeCAQeB, c N!! __ B T.'l. H,QC 10% HA nO"'TE OcpopMns:~ercs:~ B n1060M no~TOBOM OTAeneHl!ll-1 Poccl!ll-1. Ans:~ 3Toro He06XOAl-1MO npasl!lnbHO 3anonHl-1Tb 6naHK a6oHeMeHTa. noAnl!lCHble l!lHAeKCbl scex l-13AaHl-1~ eCTb B cnel.llilanbHbiX Karanorax: ,,ra3eTbl l-1 )KypHanbl» areHTCTBa '' Poc ne ~aTb », 06beAl-1HeHHOM KaTanore «npecca Poccl!ll-1» l-1 Karanore Poccl!l~CKO~ npeCCbl ,,no~ra Poccl!ll-1». NEW! noAnl!lcKa ~epe3 nnare>KHbl~ TepMl!lHan QIWI. noAp06HOCTl-1 Ha Ca~ T e www.technicamolodezhi.ru IOPIIIlliii"'ECKIIIM JliiiUAM ):\ns:~ ocpopMneHl!ls:i noAnl!lCKl-1 He06XOAl-1MO no n y~l!lTb C~eT Ha onnary. OrnpaBl!lTb 3as:IBKY MO)KHO no cpaKcy: (499) 972-63-11 e-mail: real@tm-magazin.ru KYPbEPCKAfl l\OCTABKA ):\ns:l >Kl!lTene~ MOCKBbl >KypHanbl MOIYT 6b1Tb AOCTaBneHbl KypbepcKo~ cny>K6o~. noAp06HOCTl-1 no Ten.: (499)972-63-11 l-1 Ha ca~re tech n i camol odezh i. ru 311EKTPOHHAfl nonniiiCKA HA CA~TE tech n icam olodezh i. ru ~~~~T~~~~~~~
0
:en pl!lc~a;~;P~~nos <<TeXHl!lKa-MOnOAEi)Kl-1», «Opy>Klile», «ropHble nbi>Kl-1/SKI» no AOCTynHbiM l.leHaM l-13 n1060~ TO~Kl-1 POCClill-1, He BCTaBas:l l!13-3a KOMnbiOTepa. E )K eMecs:~~Ho Bbl 6yAeTe nony~aT b CCblnKy Anfl CKa~l!lBaHl!ls:l CBe)KeiO HOMepa )KypHana s cpopMaTe PDF. Cny>K6a nOAnlilCKl-1 OTBeTl!lT Ha BCe BaWl-1 sonpocbl. Ten.: (499)972-63-11 PeKnaMa !';∙ ffeTaiTe annapaTaMH «Fiugtag» AnSI TeX, KTO 3aXO"'eT lo1CnbiTaTb ce6SI, ornaCio1M npaBio1Jla y"'aCTio1SI: B KOMaH,[{e ID!Tb y<faeTHHKOB: TIHJIOT H L£eTnipe TIOMOlll,HHKa, KOTOpblM npe,[{eTOHT Mai<eHMaJTbllO pa30rHaTb JieTaTeJibHOe epeAeTBO H llpOJJeTeTb KaK MO:iKHO AaJTbiiie noeJie npbl:iKKa e IIIeeTHMeTpOBOM paMTibl. Bo3MO:iKHOeTH npeABapwreJibHO noTpeHHpOBaTne51 y KOMaHA HeT: :iKH3HeCTOMKOeTb Beex 06neKTOB, ,[{iUKe eaMbiX KpenKMX J!a Bl1ll, JIOCVIT pa30Bnrl1 xapaKTep. Bee JieTa.TeJibllnre annapaTnr npHBO/l51Te51 B ABH:iKeHMe cvtJioH LJeJIOBer<a. He AOnyeKaeTe51aenoJih30BaHHe BerroMoraTeJinHnrx no ~ lbeMHhiX yCTpoi1eTB, KeTOL[HHKOB ::mepmH HJIH aKKYMYJIHpoBaHHOM ::mepmM. He pa3peiiiaeTor MeJlOJib30BaTb MOAHcpHUHpOBaJJHbJe JieTaTeJibHbie arrnapaThi, MOTOpHble H 6e3MOTOpHnie napaiUiaHbi, MeTpe6HTeJIH, Jierr<He eaMOJieTbi, I1 T.,[{. • Pa3Max Kpnwa neTaTeJibHoro arrrrapaTa He 6oJiee 10 M. • KoneeHM 6a3a He 6onee 4MB IIIHpHHY. • Mar<eHMaJibHbiH Bee-
200 r<r. • Bee arrnapaTbl llOJI:iKJ rhr HMeTn Kar<oe-
JIH6o yCTpoM:eTBO IUtaBycJeeTM I Ia Beex OeHOBHbiX Y3JJaX annapaTa BO H36e1KaiiHe HX rrorpy1KeHI151 flO,[{ BOllY np!l npHBO!lHeHHH. • B KOHeTPYKUHH JieTaTeJibHbiX annapaToB He !.J.Onyer<aeTe51 HaJTH'IHe OCTpbiX, KOJIIOUJ,HX n HHbiX npcAMeTOB. Ta!{)l{e KaTeropmeer<H 3anpemeunr BbJeTynarOUJ,He ::meMeHTbi Kpene:iKa, TaKHC, KaK rB031l,H, lliYPYTibl I1 Hllbie noAo6HbJe npeAMe.Tnr. • • 
Автор
val20101
Документ
Категория
Техника молодежи
Просмотров
506
Размер файла
58 011 Кб
Теги
2011, ocr
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа