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The New York Times - Saturday, September 22, 2012

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Claire Danes
goes to Israel
for the second
season of the
spy series “Homeland.” 
T: TRAVEL MAGAZINE
THIS WEEKEND
Gone Rogue
In Tel Aviv
VOL.CLXII..No. 55,902
©2012 The New York Times
NEWYORK,SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Late Edition
Today, clouds and sun, breezy,
warm, high 80. Tonight, showers,
thunderstorms, clear later, low 60.
Tomorrow, Sunny, breezy, cooler,
high 71. Weather map, Page D8.
$2.50
By NICHOLAS CONFESSORE
and DAVID KOCIENIEWSKI
Mitt Romney responded to
months of political pressure on
Friday by making public his most
recent tax return and limited in-
formation from previous years,
asserting that he had paid a dou-
ble-digit federal income tax rate
for more than two decades.
Mr. Romney’s return for 2011
showed that he paid an effective
federal income tax rate of 14 per-
cent last year, or a little more
than $1.9 million on adjusted
gross income of about $13.7 mil-
lion. 
A letter from his accountants
said his tax rate from 1990
through 2009 had never fallen be-
low 13.66 percent but did not dis-
close the amount of tax paid. Mr.
Romney’s 2010 return, which he
made public in January, showed
that he paid a rate of 13.9 percent.
Mr. Romney’s tax return for
last year showed just how sensi-
tive a political matter his wealth
and tax rate has become. In a bit
of reverse financial engineering,
he and his wife, Ann, gave up
$1.75 million worth of charitable
deductions, raising his tax pay-
ments significantly. 
Had he claimed all the deduc-
tions to which he was entitled in
2011, his effective rate could have
dipped to near 10 percent, contra-
dicting his past assurances that
he had never paid below 13 per-
cent. 
But forgoing the full deduc-
tions available to him put him at
odds with his own past assertions
that he had never paid more tax-
es than he owed and his state-
ment that if he had done so, “I
don’t think I’d be qualified to be-
come president,” as he put it to 
ROMNEY REVEALS
HE PAID 14% RATE
IN ’11 TAX RETURN
RESPONDS TO PRESSURE
Summarizes Prior Years
— Level Could Have
Been Cut Further
Continued on Page A11
By SULIMAN ALI ZWAY
and KAREEM FAHIM
BENGHAZI, Libya — Galva-
nized by anger over the killing of
the popular American ambassa-
dor here last week, thousands of
Libyans marched through this
city on Friday, demanding the
disarming of the militias that
helped topple the dictatorship but
have troubled the country with
their refusal to disband.
In a show of mass frustration
at the armed groups, protesters
seized control of several militia
headquarters on Friday night
and handed them over to Libya’s
national army in what appeared
to be a coordinated sweep. They
also stormed the headquarters of
Ansar al-Sharia, a hard-line Is-
lamist militia that has been
linked to the attack on the United
States Mission in Benghazi that
killed the ambassador and three
other Americans. 
As members of Ansar al-Sharia
fled their headquarters, protest-
ers set at least one vehicle on fire,
and Reuters reported that one
person was killed. There were
unconfirmed reports that several
had been wounded by the de-
parting gunmen.
At the seized headquarters of
another militia, protesters
burned and pillaged a large num-
ber of weapons, and hundreds of
looters could be seen walking
away with automatic rifles and
rocket-propelled grenade launch-
ers.
The killing of the ambassador,
J.Christopher Stevens, a well-
liked figure in Benghazi because
he had worked closely with the
rebels who toppled Col. Muam-
mar el-Qaddafi last year, ap-
peared to be the catalyst for the
protests on Friday, though hardly
its only cause.
The militias, which started
forming soon after the February
2011 uprising against Colonel
Qaddafi began in this eastern 
Angry Libyans
Target Militias,
Forcing Flight
Frustration Boils Over
After Envoy’s Death 
Continued on Page A8
MOHAMMAD HANNON/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Fires burned in a compound of Ansar al-Sharia, an Islamist militia linked to the fatal attack on an American Mission in Libya.
This article is by Walt Bog-
danich, Joe Drape and Rebecca
R. Ruiz.
Only after Bourbon Bandit
broke a leg racing last November
did his owner, Susan Kayne,
learn the full extent of prescrip-
tion drugs that veterinarians had
given him at Belmont Park on
Long Island.
Until then, Ms. Kayne had be-
lieved that Bourbon Bandit was
“sound and healthy,” because
that is what her trainer told her,
she said. But new veterinary bills
arrived, showing that the horse
had been treated regularly with
clenbuterol, a widely abused
medication for breathing prob-
lems that can build muscle by
mimicking anabolic steroids.    
“If a horse is sound, why does
it need all these drugs?” she
asked. “I never gave consent.” 
Gene and Eileen Hartis said
they, too, were shocked by their
bill, from a California veterinari-
an, showing that in just over
three months in 2010, their grad-
ed stakes winner, Princess Haya,
had been given drugs for pain,
soreness and swelling 34 times,
as well as seven doses of clenbu-
terol. 
“It’s so contrary to our philoso-
phy that we explained in length
to our vet and trainer,” Mr. Hartis
said. 
More than anyone in the sport,
racetrack veterinarians are sup-
posed to put the horse first, hav-
ing taken an oath to protect “ani-
mal health and welfare.” 
Yet in the shed rows of Ameri-
ca’s racetracks and at private
training centers, racehorse veter-
inarians often live by a different
code — unique in the veterinary
community — one that empha-
sizes drugs to keep horses racing
and winning rather than treating
soreness or injury through rest
or other less aggressive means,
according to dozens of interviews
and a review of medical and reg-
ulatory records. 
Only veterinarians can legally
prescribe medicine, yet they
often let trainers, who are paid to
win races, make medical deci-
sions, including which drugs to
use. These veterinarians also
have a powerful financial incen-
tive to prescribe drugs: they are
both doctor and drugstore, and so
the more drugs they prescribe,
the more money they make. Sell-
ing and administering drugs, in
fact, accounts for most of their in-
come. 
In contrast, veterinarians who
treat small animals or pets earn
most of their money from exami-
nations and other professional
services.
“Is it any wonder that our in-
dustry is being criticized for be-
ing overmedicated?” said Stuart
S. Janney III, chairman of the
Thoroughbred Safety Committee 
At Racetrack, Economic Pressures Overpower Veterinarians’ Oath
NATHANIEL BROOKS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Susan Kayne said that her racehorse, Bourbon Bandit, was given drugs without her permission.
Continued on Page A14
BREAKDOWN
Doctors and Drugs
This article is by Reed Abelson,
Julie Creswell  and Griffin J.
Palmer.
When the federal government
began providing billions  of dol-
lars in incentives to push hospi-
tals and physicians to use elec-
tronic   medical and billing
records, the goal was not only to
improve efficiency and patient
safety, but also to reduce health
care costs.
But, in reality, the move to elec-
tronic health records may be con-
tributing to billions of dollars in
higher costs for Medicare,pri-
vate insurers and patients by
making it easier for hospitals and
physicians to bill more for their
services, whether or not they
provide additional care.
Hospitals received $1 billion
more in Medicare   reimburse-
ments in 2010 than they did five
years earlier, at least in part by
changing the billing codes they
assign to patients in emergency
rooms, according to a New York
Times analysis of Medicare data
from the American Hospital Di-
rectory. Regulators say  physi-
cians have changed the way they
bill for office visits similarly, in-
creasing their payments by bil-
lions of dollars as well.
The most aggressive billing —
Medicare Bills
Rise as Records
Turn Electronic
Continued on Page A3
By SCOTT SHANE
WASHINGTON — Rarely in
the annals of lobbying in the cap-
ital has so obscure a cause at-
tracted so stellar a group of sup-
porters: former directors of the
C.I.A. and the F.B.I., retired gen-
erals and famous politicians of
both parties. 
The Iranian opposition group
that attracted that A-list of Wash-
ington backers, many of them
generously compensated for
speeches, learned Friday that it
had achieved its goal: Secretary
of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
has decided to remove the group,
the Mujahedeen Khalq, or Peo-
ple’s Mujahedeen, from the State
Department’s list of designated
terrorist organizations.
The decision removes a shad-
ow from the Mujahedeen Khalq,
known as the M.E.K., which lost a
brutal power struggle with sup-
porters of Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini in the first years after
the Islamic Revolution in 1979
and then relocated to Iraq.
Scorned by many Iranians as a
cult and for its long alliance with
Saddam Hussein, the group
nonetheless has been promoted
by some conservative American
politicians as offering a demo-
cratic alternative for Iran’s fu-
ture. While the decision is likely
to anger Iran, experts said that
United States-Iran relations are
already at such a low point that it
is unlikely to make them much
worse.
The decision by Mrs. Clinton
was based in part on the recent
cooperation of the group, in com-
pleting a move of more than 3,000
of its members from its longtime
location in Iraq, Camp Ashraf,
said two officials, who spoke on
the condition of anonymity in ad-
vance of an official announce-
ment. A final convoy of 680 peo-
ple from Ashraf arrived at the
former site of Camp Liberty, near
the Baghdad airport, on Sunday.
The United States military dis-
armed the group after the inva-
sion of Iraq in 2003, assuming re-
sponsibility for security at Camp
Ashraf. But the Shiite-dominated
government in Baghdad has
close ties to Iran, and M.E.K. sup-
porters believed its members in
Iraq were at grave risk. Since
control of Camp Ashraf was
turned over to Iraq in 2009, two
clashes with Iraqi security forces
left about 49 M.E.K. members
dead.
Nonetheless, officials of the
group, including its leader in
Paris, Maryam Rajavi, had been
slow to cooperate with a United
Nations plan to empty Camp Ash-
raf, as demanded by Iraq, and
await resettlement to other coun-
tries. In recent months, M.E.K.
officials had repeatedly delayed
planned convoys, complaining
about what they described as
poor living conditions at the
camp.
The group’s lawyers had chal-
lenged the terrorist listing in 
Star Lobbyists Help Iran Group Escape Shadow
Continued on Page A6
Dissidents Taken Off
Terrorism List by
the State Dept.
By SOMINI SENGUPTAand KEVIN J. O’BRIEN
SAN FRANCISCO — Facebook
on Friday confronted a new ob-
stacle over what to do with one of
its most vital assets — pictures. 
The company promised Euro-
pean regulators that it would for-
go using facial recognition soft-
ware and delete the data used to
identify Facebook users by their
pictures. 
The decision could have wide
repercussions on how facial rec-
ognition technology — a partic-
ularly sensitive technological ad-
vance — is used globally as sur-
veillance cameras are increasing-
ly installed in public spaces.
“This is a big deal,” said Chris
Hoofnagle,a law professor at the
University of California,Berkeley
who specializes in online privacy.
“The development of these
tools in the private sector directly
affects   civil liberties,”  he ex-
plained.“The ultimate applica-
tion is going to be — can we apply
these patterns in video surveil-
lance to automatically identify
people for security purposes and
maybe for marketing purposes as
well?”
The agreement comes as Face-
book is under pressure from Wall
Street to profit from its vast trove
of data,including pictures,and
also from regulators worldwide
over the use of personal informa-
tion.
The decision in Europe applies
to the “tag suggestion,” a Face-
book feature that deploys a so-
phisticated facial recognition tool
to automatically match pictures 
Yes, Facebook Can ID Faces,
But Using Them Grows Tricky
Continued on Page B2
Censorship in Myanmar is drawing to a
close amid democratic reforms. 
PAGE A4
INTERNATIONAL A4-9
A Censor’s Final Redactions
Medical summaries by doctors who
have regularly examined Mitt Romney
and Paul D. Ryan show both men to be
conspicuously healthy and fit. 
PAGE A11
ELECTION 2012 A10-11
Pictures of Health
To be a fan of the Mets this September,
as in so many others, is to be a gour-
mand of loss. A father and son headed
out to Citi Field this week to soak in the
scene and cheer on their team. Few
joined them. 
PAGE D1
SPORTSSATURDAY D1-8
Lost September
A deal with the firm, Rosneft, could re-
vive an Arctic exploration deal and tie
BP’s fate to Russia for years. 
PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY B1-7
BP Bids for Russian Oil Stake 
Gail Collins
PAGE A23
EDITORIAL, OP-ED A22-23
Afghan forces are stepping into roles
once held by the Americans. 
PAGE A4
Last ‘Surge’ Troops Leave
Two new clinical trials lend credence to
the idea that limiting access to sugary
drinks may reduce obesity. 
PAGE A16
NATIONAL A12-16 
Another Rebuke to Big Drinks
Two years after a gay student’s suicide,
Rutgers has created specialized housing
options and increased training. 
PAGE A18
NEW YORK A18-21
Added Help for Gays at Rutgers
Closing Interstate 405 in Los Angeles
last year did not result in Carmageddon,
but luck may change this time. 
PAGE A12
Carmageddon, the Sequel
The Public Theater’s redone lobby is en-
visioned as a place to hang out. 
PAGE C1
ARTS C1-8
Not Just for Drinks After Act I
U(D54G1D)y+@!;!.!#!?
A2
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Inside The Times
INTERNATIONAL
Turkish Court Convicts
330 Officers in Coup Plot
A Turkish court convicted 330 mili-
tary officers, including three former
top commanders, and sentenced
them to prison terms of as long as 20
years after a trial in which they
were accused of a wide-ranging plot
to overthrow the government nearly
a decade ago. Thirty-four were ac-
quitted. 
PAGE A4 
Gambia Frees 2 After Plea
Two Gambian-Americans serving
long prison sentences are now in the
United States after the Rev. Jesse
Jackson made a personal plea to
Gambia’s president, Yahya Jam-
meh, to release them this week.
PAGE A7 
Warning for North Koreans
South Korean patrol boats fired
warning shots at North Korean fish-
ing vessels in contested waters in
the Yellow Sea, but the North’s
boats fled without casualties, the
South Korean military said.
PAGE A7 
India Premier Defends Plan
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of
India made a rare nationwide tele-
vised appeal to defend steps he has
taken to revive the economy that
have prompted anger and protests.
PAGE A8 
NATIONAL
Church Threatens Mormon
Over Site Challenging Faith
The editor of a Web site that encour-
ages Mormons to question church
history and doctrine has been told
that he faces a church trial and pos-
sible excommunication. 
PAGE A12 
Shifts in Transplant Policy
The governance committee that
oversees kidney transplants in the
United States proposed a series of
changes intended to make better
use of the country’s desperately in-
adequate supply of deceased-donor
organs. 
PAGE A13 
Ethics Inquiry’s Findings
Representative Maxine Waters,
Democrat of California, did not vio-
late House ethics rules when she
contacted the Treasury Department
in 2008 to set up a meeting on behalf
of top executives from a bank her
husband owns stock in, a special in-
vestigator said. 
PAGE A13 
NEW YORK
Long Arm of the Law;
Strong Pull of the Heart
She is a retired New York City cor-
rection officer and he is a convicted
drug dealer from Brooklyn who was
accused of cutting off a stranger’s
head with a chain saw. Their mar-
riage was tested once again in May,
when he was denied parole. Crime
Scene, Michael Wilson. 
PAGE A18 
BUSINESS
In Digital-Dominated World,
A Struggle to Stay Current
Car mechanics, librarians, doctors,
Hollywood special-effects designers
— virtually everyone whose job is
touched by computing — are being
forced to find new, more efficient
ways to adapt, not just to change ca-
reers, but simply to stay competitive
on their chosen path. 
PAGE B1 
Don’t Count Out Samsung
Samsung does not have the media
coverage or the passionate fan base
of the iPhone, but the South Korean
manufacturer has built an impres-
sive lead in mobile phone sales to be
counted out entirely.Common
Sense, James B. Stewart. 
PAGE B1 
Universal Deal Approved
For the Universal Music Group,
months of uncertainty came to an
end when it received regulatory
clearance in Europe and the United
States for its $1.9 billion takeover of
EMI Music. 
PAGE B3 
SPORTS
Avoiding a Slippery Slope
In Major League Baseball
Melky Cabrera, after testing posi-
tive for testosterone, is no longer eli-
gible to win the batting title, which
pushes baseball into whitewashing:
vacating accomplishments by pre-
tending they never took place. On
Baseball, Tyler Kepner. 
PAGE D1
ARTS
Art Installation Offers
New Environs for Statue
To see Tatzu Nishi’s instalation,
“Discovering Columbus,” visitors
must climb six flights of stairs to en-
ter the white windowed box. Inside,
is an apartment that the artist has
built around the statue of Christo-
pher Columbus that has presided
over Columbus Circle since 1892,
writes Roberta Smith. 
PAGE C1 
More Crops and More Cash
From afar, the first FarmVille game
on Facebook seemed to be a manip-
ulative horror, a collection of psy-
chological tricks that preyed on our
desire to find something predictable
in life. Three years later we have
FarmVille 2: a slicker, more attrac-
tive and definitely more money-hun-
gry version of the original, Stephen
Totilo. 
PAGE C1 
INTERNATIONAL
Because of editing errors, the
Gaza City Journal article on Sept.
10, about the growing poverty
and lack of opportunity in Gaza,
misidentified the location where
Israeli shells landed in a fatal at-
tack during the 2009 Gaza war
that led to a serious rift between
Israel and the United Nations.
They landed near a United Na-
tions-run school, not on the
school grounds itself. 
The article also overstated
what is known about the number
of people killed in that attack.
Though the article definitively
said there were 40 fatalities, that
number has always been open to
dispute. United Nations reports
range from 35 to 43; the Palestin-
ian Center for Human Rights
puts the number at 27; the Israeli
military at 12, and the Israeli hu-
man rights organization Btselem
at 34.
The article also erroneously at-
tributed a distinction to Delhi, the
Indian city where there are less-
livable slums than in Gaza. Mum-
bai — not Delhi — is the coun-
try’s top financial center. 
NEW YORK
An article on Thursday about a
campaign by New York City’s
Department of Transportation to
remind pedestrians to look both
ways misstated the length of
Winston Churchill’s stay at
Lenox Hill Hospital in 1931 after
he was struck by a car on Fifth
Avenue after becoming confused
about the direction of traffic. As
The Times noted in 1931, he was
admitted on Dec. 13 and released
eight days later, not two weeks
later. He recuperated at the Wal-
dorf-Astoria Hotel before sailing
to the Bahamas on Dec 31. (A
similar reference appeared in a
May 7, 2006, article about the ac-
cident.)
WEEKEND
An article on Friday about the
Happy Talk series at the Rubin
Museum of Art in Manhattan
misspelled, in some editions, the
given name of a musician who
will perform. She is Rosanne
Cash, not Roseanne. 
An art review on Friday about
“Rise and Fall of Apartheid: Pho-
tography and the Bureaucracy of
Everyday Life,” at the Interna-
tional Center of Photography in
Manhattan, misstated the sur-
name of a photographer whose
work is in the exhibition. He is
Paul Weinberg, not Weinberger.
Corrections
‘‘
If a horse is sound,
why does it need all these
drugs? I never gave con-
sent.
’’
SUSAN KAYNE,
owner of Bourbon Bandit, on
veterinary treatment of the
horse. [A1]
QUOTATION OF THE DAY
OP-ED
Joe Nocera 
PAGE A23
Bridge
C4 
Crossword
C6 
Obituaries
B8 
TV Listings
C8
Weather
D8 
Auto Exchange 
D7
Classified Ads 
D7
Commercial Real Estate Market-
place 
B6 
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
“Einstein on the Beach,” the operatic spectacle by Philip Glass and Robert Wilson, performed at
the Brooklyn Academy of Music last week. 
ARTS, PAGE C1
SARA KRULWICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES
SLIDE SHOWIndiana has one of the
nations’s most rigorous programs to
test for drugs at private training
centers away from the track. 
nytimes.com/us
ONLINE
N
A3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
by just 1,700 of the more than
440,000 doctors in the country —
cost Medicare as much as $100
million in 2010 alone, federal reg-
ulators said in a recent report,
noting that the largest share of
those doctors specialized in fam-
ily practice, internal medicine
and emergency care.
For instance, the portion of pa-
tients that the emergency depart-
ment at Faxton St. Luke’s Health-
care  in Utica, N.Y., claimed re-
quired the highest levels of treat-
ment — and thus higher  reim-
bursements — rose 43 percent in
2009. That was the same year the
hospital began  using  electronic
health records. 
The share  of highest-paying
claims at Baptist Hospital     in
Nashville climbed 82 percent in
2010,the year after it began using
a software system for  its emer-
gency roomrecords. 
In e-mailed statements, repre-
sentatives for both hospitals said
the increases reflected more ac-
curate billing for services.Faxton
also said its patients required
more care than in past years.
Over   all, hospitals that re-
ceived government incentives to
adopt electronic records showed
a 47 percent rise in Medicare pay-
ments at higher levels from 2006
to 2010, the latest year for which
data are available, compared
with a 32 percent rise in hospitals
that have not received any gov-
ernment incentives, according to
the analysis by The Times. 
The higher coding has  cap-
tured the attention of federal and
state regulators and private in-
surers like Aetna and Cigna. This
spring, the Office of Inspector
General for the federal Health
and Human Services Depart-
ment warned that the coding of
evaluation services had been
“vulnerable to fraud and abuse.” 
Some experts blame a substan-
tial share of the higher payments
on the increasingly widespread
use of electronic health record
systems. Some of these programs
can automatically generate de-
tailed patient histories, or allow
doctors to cut and paste the same
examination findings for multiple
patients —a practice called clon-
ing —with the click of a button or
the swipe of a finger on an iPad,
making it appear that the physi-
cians  conducted more thorough
exams than,perhaps, they did.
Critics say the abuses are
widespread. “It’s like doping and
bicycling,” said Dr. Donald W.
Simborg, who was the chairman
of federal panels examining the
potential for fraud with electronic
systems. “Everybody knows it’s
going on.”
When Methodist Medical Cen-
ter of Illinois in Peoria rolled out
an electronic records system in
2006, Dr. Alan Gravett,a former
emergency room physician,
quickly expressed alarm.
He said the new system
prompted doctors to click a box
that indicated a thorough review
of patients’ symptoms had taken
place,even though  the exams
were rarely performed, while an-
other function let  doctors pull
exam findings “from thin air”
and include them in patients’
records. 
In a whistle-blower lawsuit
filed in 2007, Dr. Gravett contend-
ed that these techniques drove up
Medicare reimbursement levels
substantially. According to the
lawsuit, Dr. Gravett was eventu-
ally fired for ordering too many
tests.He says he was retaliated
against for complaining about the
new system. The Justice Depart-
ment is weighing whether to join
an amended suit  in Federal Dis-
trict Court in Central Illinois.
An independent analysis by
The Times showed that Method-
ist’s Medicare billings for the
highest level of emergency care
jumped from 50 percent of its
emergency     room   Medicare
claims in 2006 to more than 80
percent in 2010, making the 353-
bed hospital one of the country’s
most frequent users of high-pay-
ing evaluation codes.
Methodist declined to com-
ment on Dr. Gravett’s allegations.
But in an e-mailed statement, a
spokesman said that not all of the
hospital’s billing was done elec-
tronically,that it followed profes-
sional coding guidelines and that
its patients  required more care
than patients at other hospitals.
Many hospitals and doctors
say that the new systems allow
them to better document the care
they provide, justifying the high-
er payments they are receiving.
Many doctors and hospitals were
actually underbilling before they
began keeping       electronic
records, said Dr. David J.Brailer,
an early federal proponent of dig-
itizing records and an official in
the George W. Bush administra-
tion. But Dr. Brailer, who invests
in health care companies, ac-
knowledged that the use of elec-
tronic records “makes it faster
and easier to be fraudulent.”
Both the Bush and Obama ad-
ministrations have encouraged
electronic records, arguing that
they help doctors track patient
care. When used properly, the
records can help avoid duplicate
tests and remind doctors about a
possible diagnosis or treatment
they had not considered. As part
of the economic stimulus pro-
gram in 2009, the Obama admin-
istration put into effect a Bush-
era incentive program that pro-
vides tens of billions of dollars for
physicians and hospitals that
make the switch.
But some critics say an unin-
tended consequence is the ease
with which doctors and hospitals
can upcode — industry parlance
for seeking a higher rate of reim-
bursement than is justified. They
say there is too little federal over-
sight of electronic records.
A spokesman for the Health
and Human Services Depart-
ment, however, said electronic
health records “can improve the
quality of care, save lives and
save money.” Medicare, he add-
ed in an e-mailed statement, “has
strong protections in place to pre-
vent fraud and abuse of this tech-
nology that we’re improving all
the time.”
He also said Medicare had re-
duced improper payments in the
last two years.
In emergency rooms, which
use special billing codes to in-
dicate how much care a patient
needs, hospitals have increased
their claims for the two highest-
paying categories to 54 percent of
Medicare claims in 2010, from 40
percent in 2006, according to The
Times’s analysis of Medicare
data. The Center for Public Integ-
rity, a nonprofit investigative
journalism group, recently re-
leased a similar analysis. 
Some contractors handling
Medicare claims have  already
alerted doctors to their concerns
about billing practices.One con-
tractor, National Government
Services, recently warned doc-
tors that it would refuse to pay
them if they submitted “cloned
documentation,” while another,
TrailBlazer Health Enterprises,
found that 45 out of 100  claims
from Texas and Oklahoma emer-
gency-department doctors were
paid in error. “Patterns of over-
coding E.D.services were found
with template-generated
records,” it said.
The Office of Inspector Gen-
eral  is studying the link between
electronic records and billing.
One sophisticated patient wit-
nessed the overbilling firsthand.
In early 2010, Robert Burleigh, a
health care consultant, came to
the emergency room of a Virginia
hospital with  a  kidney stone.
When he received the bill from
the emergency room doctor, his
medical record, produced elec-
tronically, reflected a complete
physical exam that never hap-
pened, allowing the visit to be
billed at the highest level, Mr.
Burleigh said. 
The doctor indicated that he
had examined Mr. Burleigh’s low-
er extremities, but Mr. Burleigh
said that he was wrapped in a
blanket and that the doctor never
even saw his legs.
“No one would admit it,” Mr.
Burleigh said,“but the most log-
ical explanation was he went to a
menu    and clicked standard
exam,” and the software filled in
an examination of all of his sys-
tems. After he complained, the
doctor’s group reduced his bill.
As software vendors race to
sell their systems to physician
groups and hospitals, many are
straightforward in extolling the
benefits of those systems in help-
ing doctors increase their reve-
nue. In an online demonstration,
one vendor, Praxis EMR, prom-
ises that it “plays the level-of-
service game on your behalf and
beats them at their own game us-
ing their own rules.” 
The system helps doctors re-
member what they did when they
successfully billed for similar pa-
tients, and ensures that  they do
not forget to ask important ques-
tions or to perform necessary
tests, said Dr. Richard Low,chief
executive of Infor-Med Corpora-
tion, which developed Praxis.
“The doctor can use a chart the
way the pilot uses a checklist,” he
said. 
But others place much of the
blame on the federal government
for not providing more guidance.
Dr. Simborg, for one, said he
helped draft regulations in 2007
that would have prevented much
of the abuse that now appears to
be occurring. But because the
government was eager to encour-
age doctors and hospitals to en-
ter the electronic era, he said,
those proposals   have largely
been ignored.
“What’s happening is just the
problem we feared,” he said.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY JESSICA KOURKOUNIS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Robert Burleigh was overbilled because his electronic emergency room records included examinations he had not been given.
As Hospitals Digitize Records, Medicare Bills Rise
Mr. Burleigh keeps a spreadsheet of the charges for his overbilled emergency room visit.
Hospitals with 
electronic medical 
records are billing 
Medicare for 
higher levels of 
reimbursement for 
emergency-room 
care.
ANNUAL PERCENTAGE INCREASE 
IN CLAIMS CODED AT THE 
HIGHEST LEVELS
Hospitals receiving 
incentives for electronic 
recordkeeping
Other hospitals
+47%
+32%
’06                                   ’08                                   ’10
Since 2006, inflation-adjusted Medicare payments for emergency-room 
services have increased more quickly than hospital costs.
Hospital costs    Medicare payments
A Sharp Rise in Medicare Payments
2006
2010
Source: New York Times analysis of Medicare data provided by American Hospital Directory
THE NEW YORK TIMES
$0                   50                  100                 150                  200
PRICE PER PROCEDURE
The Role of Electronic Medical Records
Experts say some
doctors duplicate
records or overstate
the care given.
From Page A1
A4
Ø
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By ROD NORDLAND
KABUL, Afghanistan — The Ameri-
can military says it has now fully with-
drawn the last of the 33,000 “surge
troops” sent to pacify Afghanistan two
years ago, but they are leaving behind
an uncertain landscape of rising vio-
lence and political instability that
threatens to undo considerable gains in
security, particularly in the former Tali-
ban strongholds in the south and south-
west.
As the troops head for home, a week
ahead of schedule, the American coali-
tion and its Afghan partners are bedev-
iled by a host of problems.
The Taliban and their Haqqani net-
work allies continue to pull off bomb-
ings,while insider killings of Americans
by Afghan troops have raised tensions
between the allies, forcing severe cut-
backs in strategically vital training pro-
grams. Both governments are arguing
publicly over whether to keep battle-
field prisoners locked up without trial,
while nervous officials on all sides are
worrying that riots over an inflamma-
tory anti-Muslim video, which have
killed dozens in other countries, will
break out in Afghanistan.
Friday’s milestone, which still leaves
68,000 American troops in Afghanistan,
was announced on the other side of the
planet by the American secretary of de-
fense, Leon E. Panetta, during a trip to
New Zealand, while both American and
Afghan officials here studiously ignored
the moment, at least in public.
Some Afghans supporting the gov-
ernment of President Hamid Karzai
boasted that it showed their own forces
were ready to take over, while pro-
Taliban forces exulted that they were
not. But most Afghans just worried
about what it would really mean for the
final two years of the American pres-
ence here.
“What did the surge give us?” a sen-
ior American official reflected on Fri-
day, speaking anonymously as a matter
of military policy. “We’re going to hit a
point where, I won’t say that’s as good
as it gets, but now it’s up to them to hold
what we gave them. Now, really, it’s
Karzai’s turn.” 
No one claimed there was not a great
deal yet to be done against an insurgen-
cy that its foes describe as tenacious
and determined. “They’re not going to
go away for years,” the senior official
said. “Every fighting season the Tali-
ban, or some number of them, come out
of the corner and they’re ready to fight
again.”
Both American and Afghan officials
have acknowledged the seriousness of
the so-called green-on-blue attacks, in
which this year more than 50 American
soldiers were killed at the hands of Af-
ghan allies. The allies’ dispute over how
and how long to hold suspected insur-
gents has led to personal negotiations
between President Obama and Mr. Kar-
zai in recent days, while the video par-
ody of the Prophet Muhammad has cast
a long shadow over relations between
the two countries.
“We were not happy about the arrival
of the surge troops,and we are not sad
that they left,” said Mohammad Naim
Lalai Amirzai, an Afghan Parliament
member from Kandahar. “As the Ameri-
can surge ends, the Taliban surge will
begin.”
Indeed, some of the most worried
voices were raised in the heartland of
the surge, in Kandahar and Helmand
Provinces in the south and southwest
where the 2010 influx of 33,000 fresh
United States Marines and Army sol-
diers largely subdued the Taliban on
their home turf.
Post-surge, the capital cities of those
provinces are more peaceful than they
have been in many years, and the Tali-
ban operate only clandestinely in the
rural areas. But operate they still do. 
Ten southern districts, of the 400 in
Afghanistan, are responsible for 45 per-
cent of all attacks, according to statis-
tics provided by officials of the NATO-
led International Security Assistance
Force. According to those statistics,
three of the five most active districts
over the past 90 days, Panjwai and
Zhare in Kandahar, and Nad Ali in Hel-
mand, were also early focuses of the
military’s surge efforts. 
Nad Ali is adjacent to Marja, where
Marines began the first surge-related
offensive. In districts once dominated
by American troops, then by growing
numbers of newly trained Afghan
troops alongside them, residents face
the prospect that in many cases it will
soon be just Afghan forces. In Maiwand
district, one such place, where a road-
side bomb exploded as recently as Fri-
day morning, an elder named Haji Ab-
dullah Jan said he was worried about
what he saw as a lack of commitment
from government forces. 
“There are soldiers and policemen
who are not obeying their command-
ers,” he said, “but the Taliban are com-
mitted to their jobs.” Like many local
residents, he likened the insurgents to a
crouching tiger, waiting for the moment
to pounce.
“At least during the first two years
the surge was very successful. It really
reversed the Taliban momentum in
most parts of Helmand, Kandahar and
other southwestern provinces,” said
Jawid Kohistani, a Kabul-based military
analyst and a former Afghan intelli-
gence chief. “If the achievements of the
surge seem ‘fragile and reversible’ to-
day, it is because of the failure of the Af-
ghan security forces and the Afghan
government to fill the void and cultivate
a good relationship with the locals.”
He was referring to an oft-repeated
remark of the previous American com-
mander here, Gen. David H. Petraeus,
who presided over much of the surge
period, that gains in Afghanistan are
“fragile and reversible.”
The senior American official said he
disagreed with the Taliban view that
“the Americans have all the watches,
and we have all the time,” and that they
are just biding their time until Ameri-
ca’s withdrawal of the rest of its normal
combat forces by the end of 2014.
“It’s not like time is on their side,” he
said. “They lose their relevance, lose
their donors, limit their power at the ne-
gotiating table; they’re not just going to
hide and wait.” 
While Taliban activity has been great-
ly curtailed by surge forces in the insur-
gents’ traditional areas in the south and
west, they responded by increasing
their efforts elsewhere, officials say.
The insurgents also shifted increas-
ingly to the use of roadside bombs and
suicide bombers, instead of small arms
and ground attacks where they would
be outnumbered and outgunned. That
greatly increased the number of civilian
casualties, more than three-fourths of
which are attributed to insurgents’ at-
tacks, according to United Nations fig-
ures. For the first time this year, the
overall civilian casualties began to de-
cline in number, according to both
NATO and United Nations figures, com-
pared with last year.
However, the level of violence re-
mains higher than it had been before
the surge forces came. Brig. Gen.
Dadan Lawang, the commander of the
Afghan National Army’s 201st Corps,
said the biggest change of the surge
years has been the maturing of an in-
creasingly self-sufficient fighting force.
“Even if more U.S. troops leave Af-
ghanistan, we won’t see any negative
impact because our troops are in a very
good position to fight the Taliban inde-
pendently,” he said, adding, “But we
need the continuous support of the in-
ternational community and the United
States in particular.”
MAURICIO LIMA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Afghan soldiers on duty at a checkpoint at the northern end of the capital, Kabul, on Friday. The station monitors the road from Mazar-i-Sharif.
Troop ‘Surge’ in Afghanistan Ends With Mixed Results
TONY KARUMBA/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
American and Afghan soldiers patrolled two weeks ago in a village in Kan-
dahar Province. NATO-led forces are scaling back such joint operations. 
Reporting was contributed by Habib
Zahori, Alissa J. Rubin and Matthew Ro-
senberg from Kabul, and Thom Shanker
from Auckland, New Zealand. 
By SEBNEM ARSU
ISTANBUL — A Turkish court con-
victed 330 military officers, including
three former top commanders, and sen-
tenced them to prison terms of as long
as 20 years on Friday after a trial in
which they were accused of a wide-
ranging plot to overthrow the govern-
ment nearly a decade ago. Thirty-four
were acquitted.
The former head of the land forces,
Gen. Cetin Dogan; the former com-
mander of the navy, Adm. Ozden
Ornek; and the former commander of
the air force, Gen. Ibrahim Firtina, all
received 20 years, though those terms
were reduced from life in prison be-
cause the plot was never carried out. 
Defense lawyers and family members
of the accused have long denounced the
evidence in the case as flimsy, and all of
the verdicts were expected to be ap-
pealed. “With this verdict, the court ap-
peared in collaboration with the gangs
that produced these fake documents, as
judges refused to assign experts to dis-
cover all of these fabrications,” Pinar
Dogan, the daughter of General Dogan,
said after the verdict. “Reductions in jail
terms mean nothing when those who
are left in jail should not be spending
even a minute in there given the falsity
of this trial.”
The convictions and sentences, re-
ported by the Turkish news media, sig-
naled completion of the first trial in a ci-
vilian court of defendants in a coup plot
known as Sledgehammer, said to have
been masterminded as part of a 2003
military exercise. The prosecution of
the case was widely regarded as a test
of the democratically elected govern-
ment’s power over the formerly domi-
nant Turkish military, which has been
responsible for four coups since 1960.
Prosecutors have said the Sledge-
hammer coup plotters had conspired in
a master plan to bomb mosques and set
off a military conflict with Greece in an
effort to stir unrest and overthrow the
government of Prime Minister Recep
Tayyip Erdogan, whose Justice and De-
velopment Party has roots in an Islam-
ist movement. The military has histori-
cally regarded itself as the guardian of
the secular political system in Turkey,
which has a Muslim majority.
The trial, which began in December
2010, polarized public opinion in Turkey.
Hundreds of other suspects, including
military members, politicians and jour-
nalists face prosecution in a separate
trial.
Turkish Court 
Convicts 330
From Military
In Coup Case
Three Top Commanders 
Sentenced to 20 Years
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Accused Turkish officers, awaiting
verdicts, waved to family members. 
Rick Gladstone contributed reporting
from New York. 
A case regarded as a test
of a democratically elected
government’s power.
By THOMAS FULLER
Y
ANGON
, Myanmar
H
is office was once the site of an
interrogation center run by Ja-
pan’s feared military police dur-
ing World War II. And that is how U
Tint Swe got his nickname: the literary
torturer.
“We didn’t arrest or torture anyone,
but we had to torture their writing,” Mr.
Tint Swe said, his serious expression
yielding to a faint smile.
Mr. Tint Swe was Myanmar’s last
censor in chief, the powerful arbiter of
what the public would read — and what
was deleted from official history.
For nearly five decades, military gov-
ernments here examined every book,
every article, each illustration, photo or
poem before printing. It was a crucial
exercise for the military, which sought
control over nearly every facet of citi-
zens’ lives.
The censorship office, known by the
Orwellian title of Press Scrutiny and
Registration Division, infuriated gener-
ations of authors. Censors returned
manuscripts with red lines through en-
tire passages. Often they banned books
or articles altogether. Any whiff of dis-
sent toward the military or suggestion
of government corruption was re-
moved. Burma, the old name of the
country, was deleted in favor of Myan-
mar, the name preferred by the military
junta. 
Even the yellow pages of the phone
book passed through the censorship of-
fice.
About 100 censors, most of them
women, sat on old cane chairs and la-
bored at old teak desks. Some of the
work was done on computers, but many
censors still have red pens in their pen-
cil holders. The offices are so cluttered
with stacks of moldy books, newspapers
and manuscripts that staff members
say they spray insecticide regularly to
kill bookworms.
The office these days is decidedly qui-
et. A month ago Mr. Tint Swe sum-
moned the country’s leading editors
and publishers here and made a grand
announcement: after 48 years and 14
days, censorship was bound for the
junkyard of history.
To the outside world, the political
changes in Myanmar — the release of
dissidents from prison, the creation of a
Parliament where lively debates are
now taking place and the new media
freedoms, to name just a few — have
been both sudden and baffling. There
are few examples in recent history of
military dictatorships relinquishing
power without violence or bloodshed. 
Mr. Tint Swe’s own story tracks the
changes inside the government, the
gradual realization by many bureau-
crats that military rule was not sustain-
able. He and other officials in the Minis-
try of Information set a timetable for
the abolition of censorship last year, a
few months after the civilian govern-
KUNI TAKAHASHI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
“The work I was doing was not compatible with the world,
not in harmony with reality.”
U TINT SWE
THE SATURDAY PROFILE 
Chief Censor in Myanmar Caps His Red Pen
Continued on Page A7
N
A5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
A6
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By JODI RUDOREN
JERUSALEM — One Israeli
soldier was killed and another
was wounded on Friday morning
in a battle with three men who
stormed into Israel from the Sinai
Peninsula, the second such dead-
ly border attack in less than two
months, reviving concern about
the ability of Egypt’s new Islam-
ist government to control grow-
ing lawlessness in the area.
The Israeli military killed all
three of the men, who wore sand-
color clothing as camouflage and
carried assault weapons as well
as an explosive belt, which det-
onated during a 15-minute gun-
fight, officials in the Israel De-
fense Forces said. A military
spokeswoman said the group had
also placed a cache of weapons in
a pit nearby, including another
explosive belt, AK-47 assault ri-
fles, a machine gun and three
rocket-propelled grenades. 
Another military spokesman,
Eytan Buchman, said the men en-
tered Israel at Har Harif, about
halfway between Eilat and the
Rafah crossing between Egypt
and the Gaza Strip, through one
of the last parts of the 150-mile
fence Israel has been building
since 2010. The soldiers they at-
tacked were providing water to
African migrants stopped at the
border, military officials said,
though another nearby unit
quickly engaged the men. 
Mr. Buchman said it was un-
clear whether the men originated
from Sinai or Gaza.
The border breach came six
weeks after a bloody attack close
to Rafah   in which militants
stormed an Egyptian checkpoint,
killing 16 soldiers, then drove a
stolen truck through the fence,
before driving a stolen armored
car about one mile into Israel.
No Israeli soldiers or civilians
were hurt in that episode, which
led to the temporary closing of
the Rafah crossing and the de-
struction of some of the smug-
gling tunnels beneath it, as well
as a brief chill in relations be-
tween Egypt and Hamas, which
governs the Gaza Strip. In its af-
termath, Egypt intensified its
military presence in Sinai, mov-
ing tanks and aircraft, which
opened a debate about whether
the military guidelines for Sinai
outlined in Israel’s 30-year-old
peace treaty with Egypt needed
revisiting.
Officials of the new administra-
tion in Cairo, led by a former
Muslim Brotherhood leader,
Mohamed Morsi, say that the se-
curity in Sinai deteriorated long
before they took power, and that
they have opened Egypt’s most
concerted crackdown to restore
it, including the destruction of
more than 30 of the approximate-
ly 225 tunnels from Sinai to Gaza.
Col. Ahmed Mohamed
Mohamed Ali, a spokesman for
the Egyptian Ministry of De-
fense, said in a briefing on Sept. 8
that the crackdown had resulted
in the killing of 32 criminals and
the detention of 38 others in Si-
nai, a vast territory of 23,000
square miles, much of it desert
and mountains that are difficult
to control. The Egyptian forces
also confiscated “a big number of
weapons,” Colonel Ali said, in-
cluding remotely controlled
planes that can be filled with ex-
plosives to destruct targets from
afar, and 20 vehicles “used by
criminal elements in implement-
ing their operations.”
But security forces have strug-
gled to make much of a dent in
the pervasive lawlessness in Si-
nai, where Bedouin residents still
speak of Cairo or even Egypt as if
they were foreign countries. Last
week, the Egyptian state news
media reported that gunmen had
attacked one police checkpoint on
the road to Rafah for the 36th
time in the 20 months since the
ouster of President Hosni Muba-
rak.
“The security forces now are
chasing the gunmen and sweep-
ing the surrounding areas, as
well as searching the passing
cars and checking the identity of
the passengers,” the state news-
paper Al Ahram reported. 
After a period in which Israeli
leaders were upset that they had
not been notified of Egyptian ac-
tions that went beyond the treaty
guidelines, coordination between
Egyptian and Israeli security
forces “are now fluid and fre-
quent,” said a senior Israeli offi-
cial who spoke on the condition of
anonymity. But the effectiveness
of Egypt’s efforts — which com-
bine enforcement with talks with
tribal leaders and militants — re-
mains unclear.
“The crackdown is limited to
certain areas at certain times,
and we cannot measure the effi-
ciency of these measures,” the Is-
raeli official said. “Some here say
the cracking down does not look
like a determined and sustained
operation. Others point to re-
newed contacts between Hamas
and Cairo as a source of relative
leniency toward Sinai’s Islam-
ists.”
Officials in the Morsi govern-
ment say they are coordinating
with Hamas to improve security
on both sides of the border, and
they blame criminals or radical
Islamist militants for the prob-
lem.
Eli Shaked, who served as Is-
rael’s ambassador to Egypt from
2003 to 2005, noted that control-
ling the terrorists and smugglers
who have been operating freely
for years in Sinai would take a se-
rious and sustained commitment.
“It’s a long war; it’s not just
one punch and they finish the
problem,” Mr. Shaked said. “The
Egyptian military will need time
and Israeli cooperation — not by
Israeli forces, but by the Israeli
understanding of the Egyptian
necessities to operate in Sinai
with forces much beyond those
agreed upon in the peace ac-
cords.”
The killing on Friday was the
first of an Israeli soldier along the
southern border in a year. In Au-
gust 2011, two soldiers were
among eight Israelis killed when
gunmen ambushed a bus near
the resort area of Eilat. In June,
an Arab citizen of Israel helping
to build the border fence — which
is scheduled to be complete by
year’s end — was killed when
three men crossed into Israel
from Egypt and attacked two ve-
hicles with assault rifles, rocket-
propelled grenades and explosive
devices.
The victim on Friday was
Netanel Yahalomi, 20, who was
promoted to corporal posthu-
mously. Haaretz, an Israeli news-
paper, quoted Corporal Yahalo-
mi’s sister as saying that their
mother had spoken to him by
telephone the day before his
death.
“He said he received a package
from home that we sent him with
cooked food and sweets,” said the
sister, Avital. “He was supposed
to stay in the base for Yom Kip-
pur. We sent him the package be-
cause we wanted him to feel good
there.”
Israeli Soldier Killed as Border Is Breached, Reviving Worries on Sinai Lawlessness
PHOTOGRAPHS BY OLIVER WEIKEN/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Israeli soldiers helped transfer a Sudanese refugee on Friday, near the site where a soldier was killed in an ambush by three men at the Israeli-Egyptian border.
A soldier ran to open a roadblock. Attackers entered Israel
through part of a fence still under construction, an official said.
David D. Kirkpatrick and Mai
Ayyad contributed reporting from
Cairo.
An incursion comes
weeks after militants
stormed an Egyptian
checkpoint, killing 16.
court, and Mrs. Clinton faced an
Oct. 1 deadline to make a deci-
sion. 
Presumably it did not hurt the
group’s case that among the doz-
ens of prominent American sup-
porters were R.James Woolsey
and Porter J. Goss, former C.I.A.
directors; Louis J. Freeh, the for-
mer F.B.I. director; President
George W. Bush’s homeland se-
curity secretary, Tom Ridge, and
attorney general, Michael B.
Mukasey; and President Oba-
ma’s first national security advis-
er, Gen. James L. Jones. 
It even enlisted journalists as
speakers, including Carl Bern-
stein, of Watergate fame, and
Clarence Page, a columnist for
The Chicago Tribune.
Many of the American support-
ers, though not all, accepted fees
of $15,000 to $30,000 to give
speeches to the group, as well as
travel expenses to attend M.E.K.
rallies in Paris. Edward G. Ren-
dell, the former Democratic gov-
ernor of Pennsylvania, said in
March that he had been paid a to-
tal of $150,000 to $160,000.
Mr. Rendell said then that his
speaking agency had received a
subpoena for records of his pay-
ments from the Treasury Depart-
ment, which appeared to be ex-
amining whether the payments
were legal. He said he believed
they were legal because they
came from Iranian-American
supporters and not from the
M.E.K. itself. A Treasury spokes-
woman declined to say whether
any investigation is continuing.
But Mr. Rendell and others
said that while the offer of lucra-
tive speaking fees may have first
drawn them to the group’s cause,
they became convinced that it
was unfair and dangerous to
leave the group on the terrorist
list.
“Yes, I was paid to speak at
certain events,” said Philip J.
Crowley, who served as an assist-
ant secretary of state from 2009
to 2011. “But what drove me was
the humanitarian issue of getting
them safely out of Iraq and the
strategic importance of Iran for
the United States.”
The terrorist label imposed in
1997, the supporters said, was
outdated and might be interpret-
ed as a green light by Iraqis or
Iranian agents to attack the
group. The group did commit ter-
rorist attacks in the 1970s and
1980s, first against the govern-
ment of the shah of Iran and later
against the clerics who over-
threw him, and several Ameri-
cans were among those killed.
It allied itself with Mr. Hussein,
the Iraqi dictator, who permitted
it to operate from Camp Ashraf.
But while some news reports
have suggested its involvement
in the recent assassination of Ira-
nian scientists, American offi-
cials have not confirmed the
claim, and by most accounts the
group has not committed acts of
violence for many years.
Shahin Gobadi, an M.E.K.
spokesman in Paris, said the
group had received no official
word of the delisting. He said the
terrorist designation was “a gift
to the mullahs’ regime and great-
ly assisted prolonging the rule of
the religious dictatorship ruling
Iran.”
Some members of Congress
have become outspoken advo-
cates for the M.E.K., which origi-
nally embraced a hybrid of Marx-
ism and Islamism, but now
speaks of democracy. They ac-
cept its claim to be “the main or-
ganized opposition” to Iran’s cler-
ical rulers.
Representative Dana Rohra-
bacher, Republican of California,
welcomed Mrs. Clinton’s deci-
sion, which was formally deliv-
ered Friday. “The lives of hun-
dreds of the M.E.K. misplaced
persons could well be saved as
result,” he said. “It took a while,
but in the end Secretary Clinton
made the right decision,and for
that we are grateful.”
Mr. Rohrabacher said the
group seeks “a secular, peaceful,
and democratic government.”
By contrast, the National Irani-
an American Council, which has
long feuded with the group, de-
nounced the delisting decision,
saying that it “opens the door to
Congressional funding of the
M.E.K. to conduct terrorist at-
tacks in Iran” and “makes war
with Iran far more likely.” The
statement compared the M.E.K.
to Ahmad Chalabi, the Iraqi exile
who helped persuade the Bush
administration to invade Iraq.
Karim Sadjadpour, an expert
on Iran at the Carnegie Endow-
ment for International Peace,
said he thought the M.E.K. was
less important than either its
backers or critics claimed. 
“They’re widely viewed as a
backward and intolerant cult by
their opposition peers in Iran,” he
said. After the terrorist label is
dropped, Mr. Sadjadpour said, “I
don’t think the world really looks
that much different. U.S.-Iran re-
lations will remain hostile, and
the M.E.K. will remain a fringe
cult with very limited appeal
among Iranians.”
About 100 of the group’s mem-
bers are expected to stay at
Camp Ashraf for now, with per-
mission of the Iraqi authorities to
oversee the group’s property
there, American official said.
Meanwhile, United Nations of-
ficials are interviewing those
members at the Camp Liberty
site and have granted refugee
status to several hundred of
them. United Nations officials are
now looking for countries that
will accept them.
Star Lobbyists Help Iranian Opposition Group Escape a Shadow
From Page A1
HADI MIZBAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Members of the Mujahedeen Khalq at the former Camp Liberty, near the Baghdad airport, this
month. The group relocated to Iraq in the years after the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran.
An organization that
some experts say has
limited support, even
within Iran.
Money was available
to back a cause,
paying for speakers
and travel. 
SAN JUAN, P.R. (AP) — The
Justice Department on Friday
made public the names of 55 de-
tainees at the Guantánamo Bay
prison who have been approved
for transfer to the custody of oth-
er countries, releasing informa-
tion sought by human rights or-
ganizations.
The announcement, which re-
verses a 2009 decision, was a sur-
prise to organizations that had
been seeking the information.
“We did not expect this,” said
Omar Farah, a lawyer for the
Center for Constitutional Rights.
“This is an important develop-
ment.”
Mr. Farah said the govern-
ment’s action would aid lawyers
representing detainees at the
prison. “We can now advocate
publicly for the release of our cli-
ents by name,” he said.
There are 167 detainees now at
the Guantánamo prison in Cuba.
The government’s move has no
immediate, practical effect on the
inmates’ detention. Inclusion on
the list does not mean that the
United States has absolved them
of any wrongdoing or that it be-
lieves they pose no threat. In
2009, Daniel Fried, the Obama ad-
ministration’s special envoy on
detainee issues, argued that it
was necessary to keep the pris-
oners’ identities secret while the
United States negotiated trans-
fers to other countries.
But the government said in a
court filing on Friday that the
successful transfers of other de-
tainees no longer warranted such
concerns. It noted that 40 detain-
ees had been resettled in new
countries and 28 had been sent to
their native countries since 2009.
Zachary Katznelson, a lawyer
for the American Civil Liberties
Union, said the 55 men named
Friday should be freed. “These
men have now spent three years
in prison since our military and
intelligence agencies all agreed
they should be released,” he said.
U.S. Names 55 
Set for Transfer
From Guantánamo
N
A7
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
ment of President Thein Sein
came to power. 
“The work I was doing was not
compatible with the world, not in
harmony with reality,” Mr. Tint
Swe said in his office, where gov-
ernment propaganda slogans
hang on nearly every wall. 
“We could not avoid change,”
he said, “the whole country want-
ed to change.”
O
FFICIALLY Mr. Tint Swe,
47, was a major force be-
hind the military’s formi-
dable propaganda machine. But
in a telling sign of how the re-
gime’s authority was crumbling
in its waning years, the censor in
chief had a double life. He con-
fessed in a rare interview to be-
ing an avid writer himself. On
weekends, Mr. Tint Swe com-
posed long articles on military
history, weapons and other top-
ics. One of his favorite books is on
American military history.
He posted his writings to Face-
book, which prompted journalists
to joke sardonically that even the
chief censor knew how to skirt
the censorship board.
The technological innovations
that were challenging the gov-
ernment — cellphones, satellite
television and the digital world of
publishing that was beyond the
reach of the censors — were not
abstract realities for officials like
Mr. Tint Swe. They and their fam-
ilies were living the changes, too. 
Journalists in Myanmar say
Mr. Tint Swe, a former military
officer, underwent a gradual
transition during his five and a
half years as the so-called liter-
ary torturer.(Physical torture in
Myanmar, routinely used against
political prisoners, was handled
by other branches of govern-
ment.)
Initially a dour, rude and un-
bending apparatchik — the very
cutout of a military officer in a
dictatorial regime — Mr. Tint
Swe became more amicable and
lenient, realizing that censorship
was unsustainable in the age of
the Internet. This year, he went
as far as to help editors organize
a conference on the future of
journalism in the country.
Saw Lynn Aung, editor of The
Naypyitaw Times, a weekly
newspaper, remembers Mr. Tint
Swe’s unrestrained ire five years
ago when ordering that a pas-
sage alleging corruption at a min-
istry be deleted. 
“You know the rules!” he re-
members Mr. Tint Swe’s yelling.
“I can shut you down!”
Mr. Tint Swe held the job of
chief censor during some of the
most trying times of military rule
— the uprising led by Buddhist
monks in the fall of 2007 and the
government’s bungled response
to Cyclone Nargis, the storm that
killed at least 130,000 people in
May 2008. He says censorship
was necessary in those days to
maintain order and stability.
It was after those tumultuous
events that he showed signs of
more flexibility, journalists say.
“He would say, ‘Please be pa-
tient and wait — changes will
come,’” Mr. Saw Lynn Aung said.
“In my opinion, he was a little
ahead of the changes.” 
Mr. Tint Swe said he watched
carefully for cues from the top
leadership like everyone else. He
closely read Mr. Thein Sein’s in-
augural address last year that fo-
cused on national reconciliation
and reducing poverty.
“The speech gave me the feel-
ing that genuine change was
coming,” Mr. Tint Swe said. 
Three months after the presi-
dent took office — well before
outside observers were con-
vinced that the reform process
was real — he and other officials
took the first steps to dismantle
the censorship system. In June
2011, articles dealing with enter-
tainment, health, children and
sports were exempted from cen-
sorship. Other topics followed,
culminating last month with poli-
tics and religion — the final two
areas where censorship was re-
scinded.
A
S the legacy of dictatorship
fades into the past, there
are constant fears of back-
sliding. Will business tycoons
who made their money from mo-
nopolies and contracts awarded
by the military regime now slow
down economic liberalization?
Will hard-liners rein in reform-
ers?
On the question of censorship,
Mr. Tint Swe is unequivocal. 
“There is no U-turn,” he said. 
Yet some questions remain
about press freedoms in the
country. Newspapers and maga-
zines must still obtain a license to
publish.
Kyaw Min Swe, editor of The
Voice Weekly, a crusading news-
paper that was temporarily sus-
pended from publication by the
government six times, says abol-
ishing censorship is not enough.
The entire Ministry of Informa-
tion must be abolished, he ar-
gued.
“A Ministry of Information is
mostly for dictatorships,” Mr.
Kyaw Min Swe said.
The fate of the former censor-
ship office and its employees is
still being decided, Mr. Tint Swe
said. The 100 censors confess to
having a lot of time on their
hands and will soon have even
fewer tasks: the responsibility
for registering publications is be-
ing left to individual states.
Mr. Tint Swe looked around his
office and said he felt a personal
sense of loss. 
“I’m proud that I’m the one
who stopped it,” he said, refer-
ring to censorship. “But I am a
human being. My office used to
be filled with writers and publish-
ers.”
“Now my office feels like a
ghost town,” he said.
THE SATURDAY PROFILE 
Chief Censor in Myanmar
Puts Cap on His Red Pen
KUNI TAKAHASHI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Workers, most of them women, sit at old desks at the Press Scrutiny and Registration Division office in Yangon, Myanmar.
From Page A4
By ADAM NOSSITER
DAKAR, Senegal — Two Gam-
bian-Americans serving long
prison sentences are now in the
United States after the Rev. Jesse
Jackson made a personal plea to
Gambia’s erratic president,
Yahya Jammeh,to release them
this week. 
Mr. Jackson traveled to the
tiny West African country, con-
sidered one of the most repres-
sive on the continent, after an in-
ternational outcry over Mr. Jam-
meh’s announced plans to con-
duct a mass execution of dozens
of prisoners on his country’s
death row. 
Nine prisoners have already
been killed.However, several
days before Mr. Jackson arrived
Sunday, Mr. Jammeh announced
a moratorium on the executions,
after expressions of disapproval
from the European Union, the
United Nations and other inter-
national groups. 
The two men Mr. Jackson
helped release, Amadou Scattred
Janneh and Tamsir Jasseh, had
been high-ranking officials in Mr.
Jammeh’s government who were
convicted on the routine charge
of treason leveled against those
who fall out of favor with it. They
were held in the country’s notori-
ous Mile 2 Central Prison. 
In a brief telephone interview,
Mr. Jasseh, who had been head of
Gambia’s immigration agency,
described his six and a half years
in prison as a “very horrible ex-
perience, inhumane,” saying he
had been “tortured horribly.” Mr.
Janneh, a former information
minister, said Mile 2 was “one of
the worst prisons in the world.”
Neither man had been on death
row.
Mr. Janneh once taught at the
University of Tennessee, and Mr.
Jasseh is a veteran of the United
States military. 
Mr. Jackson said his personal
connection to the Gambian presi-
dent provided an opening in per-
suading the leader, a former
army colonel and wrestler who
seized power in 1994, to release
the two men. “I’ve known him
and met him on several occa-
sions,” Mr. Jackson said. 
Human rights groups routinely
denounce Mr. Jammeh’s govern-
ment for its systematic use of tor-
ture, jailing of journalists, repres-
sion of free speech and rigging of
elections. 
Freedom House, in its latest re-
port on Gambia, cited “voter in-
timidation and government con-
trol of the media,” saying “jour-
nalists are subject to arrests, har-
assment and violence.” It noted
the “torture of prisoners, includ-
ing political prisoners,” as well as
“severe suppression of the oppo-
sition, media and civil society.”
Shortly before Mr. Jackson’s
arrival, two leading independent
newspapers were shut down by
Mr. Jammeh’s government. Two
journalists were arrested over
having sought a permit to protest
the executions. Earlier in the
month, the government expelled
a visiting BBC West Africa corre-
spondent who had come to report
on the executions. 
“These executions were a dis-
traction from growth,” Mr. Jack-
son said in an interview, noting
what he said was the country’s
high economic growth rate. 
“They’ve got some good things
happening there,” Mr. Jackson
said. “There are some arrows
pointing upwards.”
Jesse Jackson Helps Free 2 From Gambia Prison
By MARTIN FACKLER
ISHIGAKI, Japan — South Ko-
rean patrol boats fired warning
shots at North Korean fishing
vessels in contested waters in the
Yellow Sea on Friday, but the
North’s boats fled without casu-
alties, the South Korean military
said.
The episode took place in
South Korean-controlled waters
along the western coast of the
Korean Peninsula, not far from
Yeonpyeong Island, the scene of
a deadly North Korean rocket
barrage two years ago. Naval
clashes have been common in
this area because North Korea
has never recognized a sea
boundary set by the United Na-
tions after the 1950-53 Korean
War.
That demarcation line was
drawn without the North’s con-
sent, making it one of the most
likely spots for confrontation be-
tween the two Koreas, which are
still technically in a state of war.
Two and a half years ago, a South
Korean warship, the Cheonan,
blew up in this area in a mysteri-
ous attack in which South Korea
and its allies blamed a North Ko-
rean torpedo. The North has de-
nied being behind the sinking,
which killed 46 sailors.
On Friday, two South Korean
patrol boats fired warning shots
at six North Korean fishing ves-
sels that had sailed about half a
mile into South Korean-con-
trolled waters, the South Korean
military said in a statement.
North Korean warships were not
involved.
The shots came a week after
South Korean patrol ships chased
North Korean fishing boats out of
the same area. Incidents involv-
ing fishing boats are common in
these crab-rich waters, which
draw flotillas of fishermen from
both Koreas and China.
South Korean news media re-
ported Friday that there had
been five separate incidents this
month in which fishing boats
crossed the border; the news me-
dia said that raised fears that the
North was trying to provoke a re-
action. 
September is a busy time for
fishing in the area, however, so it
was unclear if the increased num-
ber of crossings carried any
meaning other than there were
more boats around than before.
Fears of North Korea’s intentions
tend to rise close to political tran-
sitions, and the South’s presiden-
tial election is scheduled for De-
cember. 
The three main candidates for
president have all indicated that
they would be less confrontation-
al than the current president, Lee
Myung-bak. 
South Korea 
Fires Shots 
At Vessels
From North
Su Hyun Lee contributed report-
ing from Seoul, South Korea. 
By The New York Times
MOSCOW — Russia’s lower
house of Parliament on Friday
unanimously approved amend-
ments substantially broadening
the legal definition of high trea-
son to apply not only to acts that
jeopardize state security but also
to those that undermine “consti-
tutional order, sovereignty  and
territorial and state integrity.”
Another proposed change
would allow the charge to be ap-
plied to Russian citizens provid-
ing assistance to foreign states or
international organizations. Ad-
dressing lawmakers, the deputy
director of the Federal Security
Service said the step was neces-
sary because foreign intelligence
services “actively use” such or-
ganizations “as a cover,and they
conduct independent intelligence
activities.” To become law, the bill
must pass two additional read-
ings and be signed by President
Vladimir V. Putin.
Rights activists immediately
condemned the initiative. Rus-
sian leaders “have now chosen
an ideological course — you can
even call it a national idea — to
search for external and internal
enemies,” Lev A. Ponomarev, a
veteran activist, said in an in-
terview with Dozhd TV. 
On Friday, the Moscow office of
Radio Liberty, financed by the
United States, announced that it
was ending medium-wave broad-
casts because of a new law that
prohibits such broadcasting
when more than 48 percent of an
outlet’s founders are foreigners. 
Russia Moves to Redefine Treason
A8
Ø Ø
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Libyan city, emerged as a parallel
and often menacing presence af-
ter his downfall in October 2011,
seizing territory for themselves
and asserting their authority
over the fledgling government. 
In western Libya, turf wars be-
tween militias resulted in regular
street fights with heavy weapons.
Months ago, members of Ansar
al-Sharia brandishing weapons
paraded through Benghazi and
called for an Islamic state. 
It was unclear whether the
backlash against Ansar al-Sharia
and the other militias on Friday
represented an opportunity for
the government to consolidate its
power in the post-Qaddafi era or
would lead to new violent con-
frontations. 
But no weapons were left be-
hind in most of the seizures, pro-
testers and officials said, sug-
gesting the militias had been an-
ticipating such an event because
of a buildup of resentment
against them.
In a further sign that tensions
had been stoked, some militia
members accused Qaddafi loy-
alists of instigating the backlash.
Mohamed Bazina, a spokesman
for the Rafallah al-Sehati brigade,
one of the militias whose head-
quarters were seized, said it had
video evidence to prove it.
“This is a military coup against
the true revolutionaries in the
city of Benghazi,” he said. “Ben-
ghazi will not calm down.”
The attack on the American
Mission in Benghazi that killed
Ambassador Stevens, on the 11th
anniversary of the Sept. 11 at-
tacks, was an affront to many in
Benghazi, which Mr. Stevens had
made his base during the upris-
ing. He became a familiar, cheer-
ful presence at public events.
“We want justice for Chris,”
read one sign among the estimat-
ed 30,000 Libyans, including fam-
ilies, who marched into Bengha-
zi’s main square on Friday to pro-
test in front of the chief encamp-
ment of Ansar al-Sharia. 
Some held signs reading “The
ambassador was Libya’s friend”
and “Libya lost a friend.” Many
protesters carried Libyan flags,
and government police officers
could be seen mingling with the
marchers. 
Members of Ansar al-Sharia
held a counterdemonstration,
and arguments erupted between
the opposing sides, but no vio-
lence occurred, at least not ini-
tially. Protesters chanted: “You
terrorists, you cowards. Go back
to Afghanistan.” 
Mr. Stevens and the others
were killed in mayhem that was
ostensibly provoked by anger
over an anti-Muslim video that
was made in the United States
and has been roiling the Islamic
world for nearly two weeks. But
officials have said there are in-
dications that part of the attack
may have been coordinated and
planned.
The organization and firepow-
er used in the assault has also
raised alarm in Washington
about the possibility of links to Al
Qaeda. But to Libyans, the as-
sault underscored instability in a
country where militias keep
weapons at the ready.
The Obama administration has
been careful about publicly as-
signing blame in the death of Mr.
Stevens and the others until law
enforcement officials, including
the F.B.I., know more. But the ad-
ministration has begun to call the
killings a “terrorist attack.” 
The change in language came
as Congressional Republicans
criticized the administration over
what they called its failure to an-
ticipate the problems in Libya.
Some Republican lawmakers
have moved to cut off aid to Libya
as a result.
But one powerful Republican,
Senator John McCain, counseled
against such a move, citing the
pro-American sentiments of
some of the demonstrators who
confronted Ansar al-Sharia on
Friday. 
“These brave people in Libya
are friends of America,” he said.
“They want our help and need
our help. And we must continue
to provide it to them, which is ex-
actly what Chris Stevens would
have wanted.”
The fatal attack on the United
States diplomatic compound here
was actually a two-pronged as-
sault, according to survivors. Af-
ter attackers overwhelmed secu-
rity at the American Mission, the
survivors congregated at a near-
by villa, surrounded by friendly
Libyan forces, and believed
themselves to be safe and wait-
ing evacuation to the airport. The
ambassador’s whereabouts was
not known. 
About 2 a.m., the ambush be-
gan, with gunfire and mortar
rounds striking where the survi-
vors had taken shelter. Two of the
guards, Tyrone S. Woods and
Glen A. Doherty, were killed.
Questions about the ambush re-
main, but those who were
present said it was conducted
with a great deal of accuracy.
While the others were at the
villa, Mr. Stevens; a computer
technician, Sean Smith; and a se-
curity officer moved to a desig-
nated “safe haven” for the night,
but attackers doused the building
with fuel and ignited it. It was not
known whether they were aware
it was inhabited. The guard, who
has not been identified, escaped
the building, but Mr. Smith and
Mr. Stevens were asphyxiated.
In Show of Mass Frustration, Libyans Target Militias, Forcing Flight
From Page A1
Suliman Ali Zway reported from
Benghazi, and Kareem Fahim
from Beirut, Lebanon. Rick Glad-
stone contributed reporting from
New York. 
A U.S. senator
counsels against
cutting off American
aid to Libya.
By JIM YARDLEY
NEW DELHI — Prime Min-
ister Manmohan Singh made a
rare nationwide televised appeal
on Friday night to defend a series
of unpopular measures, intended
to revive the floundering Indian
economy, that have stirred mass
protests across the country and
almost toppled his coalition gov-
ernment.
Mr. Singh’s speech came on a
day of intense political jockeying,
as the governing coalition lost the
support of a crucial regional ally
yet managed to stay in power, for
the moment, by securing support
from two other nonaligned re-
gional parties.
“The time has come for hard
decisions,” Mr. Singh said, in an
apparently prerecorded address
that was broadcast across the
country in prime time. “For this I
need your trust, your under-
standing and your cooperation.”
The political storm erupted last
week after Mr. Singh’s govern-
ment announced a series of eco-
nomic moves, including an in-
crease in the price of diesel fuel, a
cap on the subsidy for cooking
gas and measures that would al-
low for greater foreign invest-
ment in civil aviation and retail,
opening the door for big, mul-
tibrand retailers like Walmart. 
Business leaders and many
economists praised the moves as
critical for containing India’s fis-
cal deficit and attracting foreign
investment, but rival political
leaders pounced, as did some po-
litical allies of the government,
saying the measures threatened
the livelihoods of small shop own-
ers and common people. Thou-
sands demonstrated on Thursday
in several Indian cities in coordi-
nated protests organized by sev-
eral parties.
On Friday, Mr. Singh urged
people to “not be misled,” framed
the moves as essential, if tough,
and said they would begin to re-
store economic growth and help
prevent India from falling into
the same economic malaise that
Europe is in. Economic growth,
which topped 8 percent in 2011, is
now projected to be as low as 5.4
percent in the current fiscal year.
“We are at a point where we can
reverse the slowdown in our
growth,” he said. “We need a re-
vival in investor confidence do-
mestically and globally.”
Hours earlier, Mamata Baner-
jee, the populist chief minister of
the state of West Bengal and once
the most crucial regional ally in
the governing coalition, formally
withdrew her party’s support. On
Friday afternoon, with television
crews beaming live reports
across the nation, Ms. Banerjee’s
cabinet ministers submitted their
resignations to protest the new
economic measures.
The departure of Ms. Baner-
jee’s 19-member parliamentary
delegation means that the gov-
erning coalition, led by the Indian
National Congress Party, has lost
its parliamentary majority. How-
ever, the coalition will survive,
for now, courtesy of support by a
two nonaligned regional parties,
which extended lukewarm en-
dorsements on Friday. 
“Our support is clear,” said
Mulayam Singh Yadav, a regional
leader who told the Indian news
media that he would support the
government, though not join it.
Friday’s machinations dis-
pelled, for the moment, the possi-
bility of the government collaps-
ing or of elections, now scheduled
for 2014, being called early. But
the Congress Party now faces a
complicated governing situation,
in which it will need to massage
and maneuver around regional
leaders like Mr. Yadav, as well as
his rival, Mayawati, another pow-
erful figure who is supporting the
government and uses only one
name.
“We have another 18 months to
go for the next elections,” said
Digvijaya Singh, a general secre-
tary in the Congress Party.
“We’ve got sufficient numbers to
carry us through.”
The prime minister’s appeal to
the nation amounted to an effort
to reboot his much-maligned gov-
ernment. For roughly two years,
the Congress Party has been
mired in corruption scandals and
widely criticized for arrogance
and ineffectiveness, while also
overseeing a rapidly declining
economy. 
Mr. Singh, considered the fa-
ther of India’s first era of eco-
nomic overhaul in the 1990s, has
been accused of failing to lead or
to articulate a clear vision for the
government. On Friday, Mr.
Singh argued that rising global
oil prices meant that the govern-
ment had to reduce popular sub-
sidies on diesel and cooking gas
or risk a rapidly higher fiscal def-
icit.
“Where would the money for
this have come from?” Mr. Singh
asked. “Money does not grow on
trees.”
Mr. Singh did not mention the
weeklong political controversies
or the loss of support from Ms.
Banerjee. Some analysts predict-
ed that her departure could free
the government to push ahead
with other economic measures.
Palaniappan Chidambaram, the
country’s recently appointed fi-
nance minister, has signaled that
recently announced economic
moves will come as soon as next
week.
To some degree, Ms. Banerjee
had held veto power over such
initiatives because of her periodic
threats to withdraw her party’s
support and bring down the gov-
ernment. Last year, she blocked a
water treaty with Bangladesh —
embarrassing the prime minister
and Indian diplomats — and also
forced Mr. Singh to reverse him-
self after his cabinet first ap-
proved the plan to open the door
to retailers like Walmart.
“The government faces a stark
choice — stand firmly behind the
measures to promote India’s
long-term economic interests or
back off the reforms in the in-
terests of short-term political sur-
vival,” said Eswar Prasad, an
economist and an adviser to the
Indian government. “The out-
come of this battle, and even the
way it is fought and ultimately re-
solved, will reverberate in India’s
economic and political arenas for
many years to come.”
When it became clear on Fri-
day that the government was not
bending this time, India’s stock
market recorded the biggest gain
of the year. 
India’s Premier Pleads for Support of His Plans in Televised Address
ALTAF QADRI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A woman in New Delhi watched Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s televised speech on Friday, an unusually direct appeal. 
Hari Kumar contributed report-
ing.
By SCOTT SAYARE
PARIS — President François
Hollande inaugurated a new
Holocaust memorial center on
Friday with an address that un-
derscored the direct approach he
has taken to France’s collabora-
tionist past, a grim and still un-
comfortable chapter that French
leaders and politicians have often
preferred to skirt.
The reality of French collabo-
ration with the Nazis has been
demonstrated and accepted, Mr.
Hollande said in his address at
the memorial, in Drancy, a city
north of Paris that was the site of
a major transit camp for Jews be-
ing deported to death camps in
the east. He urged that the nation
now turn to the “transmission,”
or passing on, of that difficult his-
tory.
“Our work is no longer about
establishing the truth,” Mr. Hol-
lande said at the Mémorial de la
Shoah à Drancy, a five-story
glass and concrete structure that
looks out upon the buildings once
used to imprison tens of thou-
sands of French and foreign
Jews. “Today, our work is to
transmit. That is the spirit of this
memorial. Transmission: there
resides the future of remember-
ing.”
Of the 76,000 Jews deported
from France during World War
II, 63,000 were sent off from
Drancy, Mr. Hollande noted in his
speech. From 1941 to 1944, Jews
were held before being deported
in the concrete structures of the
Cité de la Muette, a housing
project requisitioned by the Ger-
mans. Shortly after the war, the
buildings were returned to use as
public housing.
Monuments to the deported
were erected near the structures
in 1976 and 1988. A larger Holo-
caust museum opened in central
Paris in 2005.
The new memorial center at
the Cité de la Muette, a project
conceived about a decade ago,
was financed by the Foundation
for the Memory of the Shoah, a
private French organization. It
houses several conference
rooms, a collection of documents
related to the camp and a perma-
nent exhibit. The building was
designed by the Swiss architect
Roger Diener. 
“Through the transparent fa-
cade, the outside observer can al-
ways see what’s happening in-
side: the work of memory,” Mr.
Diener says in a statement on the
center’s Web site.
Prime Minister Jean-Marc
Ayrault inaugurated a similar
memorial in Aix-en-Provence, in
southern France, this month.
In July, in an address com-
memorating the roundup of more
than 13,000 Jews by the French
police in 1942, Mr. Hollande spoke
of a crime committed “by
France.” In so doing, he broke
with his mentor and a hero of the
French left, former President
François Mitterrand, who re-
fused to acknowledge a broad
French role in the detentions and
deportations. Some opposition
politicians complained that Mr.
Hollande assigned guilt too
broadly.
Widespread acknowledgment
of collaboration under the Nazi
occupation has come to France
only in the past two decades, no-
tably after a speech in 1995 by
President Jacques Chirac, who
spoke of the country’s “collective
wrongdoing.”
Mr. Hollande has also been
outspoken on modern anti-Sem-
itism. In August, Mr. Hollande
stripped the fashion designer
John Galliano of the Legion of
Honor; Mr. Galliano was convict-
ed in 2011 of making anti-Semitic
remarks, during the presidency
of Mr. Hollande’s predecessor,
Nicolas Sarkozy.
At Holocaust Center, Hollande Confronts Past
POOL PHOTO BY PHILIPPE WOJAZER
President François Hollande at the inauguration of a Holocaust
memorial center, Mémorial de la Shoah à Drancy,on Friday.
By NICHOLAS KULISH
BERLIN — The hunt for Arib-
ert Ferdinand Heim, a Nazi fu-
gitive and concentration camp
doctor, has officially come to a
close,the  German authorities
said Friday, after they deter-
mined that the man known as Dr.
Death for his unnecessary opera-
tions had died in Egypt in 1992.
A regional court in Baden-Ba-
den, Dr. Heim’s last known resi-
dence in Germany, said it had
suspended the criminal investi-
gation because “no doubts re-
mained” that the fugitive who
eluded the authorities for dec-
ades had died of cancer in Cairo
in 1992.
The New York Times and the
German television station ZDF
reported in 2009  that Dr. Heim
had escaped justice by hiding in
North Africa. An old, dusty brief-
case full of letters, handwritten
notes about the case against him
and medical records corroborat-
ed the accounts of Egyptians who
knew him there.
Investigators established that
the documents were real and had
belonged to Dr. Heim but could
not prove conclusively that he
was dead. Witnesses said he had
died after a long struggle with
rectal cancer. At the same time,
they said he had been buried in a
common grave,
meaning that
nearly 20 years
on, neither
DNA nor den-
tal records
could be used
to confirm his
death. 
“The only
way that could
have been
proven conclu-
sively was with
forensics,”
Efraim Zuroff,
the chief Nazi hunter for the Si-
mon Wiesenthal Center  in New
York, said in a telephone inter-
view. “I’m not ruling it out con-
clusively, but I, in good con-
science, could not rule out the
case without some forensic proof
of a dead person who is Aribert
Heim.”
The Egyptian authorities pro-
duced a death certificate in the
name of Tarek Hussein Farid,
which witnesses said was the
name Dr. Heim took after becom-
ing a Muslim. There was insuffi-
cient evidence in 2009 proving
that Dr. Heim and Mr. Farid were
the same person, the court said,
and the case remained open.
This year, however, Dr. Heim’s
lawyer presented the court with
additional papers, including an
Egyptian driver’s license with a
photograph of Dr. Heim under
the name Tarek Hussein Farid
and most significantly a certif-
icate confirming his conversion
to Islam and name change. 
“Tests by the state police con-
firmed the authenticity of this
certificate,” the Baden-Baden
court said in its statement. The
court also questioned Dr. Heim’s
son Rüdiger Heim, who said he
was in Cairo when his father died.
In a telephone interview on
Friday, Mr. Heim said: “I am re-
lieved that I could be helpful to
German justice in drawing the
logical conclusions from the reve-
lations in recent years. I hope
that this brings an end to the
many rumors that have circulat-
ed without foundation in fact.”
Austrian by birth, Dr. Heim
was a member of Hitler’s elite
Waffen-SS and worked at the Bu-
chenwald, Sachsenhausen and
Mauthausen concentration
camps. He was held as a prisoner
of war by the American authori-
ties after the war and detained
for more than two years, but he
escaped prosecution. 
Dr. Heim married, had two
sons and had a gynecology prac-
tice in the spa town of Baden-
Baden, in southwest Germany,
where the family lived in a state-
ly white villa. His time at Mauth-
ausen came back to haunt him af-
ter former inmates told the police
that he had killed healthy prison-
ers in senseless operations and
murdered others with lethal in-
jections to the heart. 
He fled Baden-Baden in 1962
with investigators at his heels.
After a shorter stay in Morocco,
he moved to Egypt in 1963, slowly
integrating into the local culture.
He learned to speak Arabic and
lived in a modest hotel away from
other expatriates in a middle-
class area of Cairo.
The search for Dr. Heim,
named the most-wanted Nazi
war criminal in the world by the
Simon Wiesenthal Center in 2008,
rekindled interest in the fates of
Nazi fugitives more than half a
century after the end of World
War II. Like a character out of a
James Bond film, Dr. Heim, a tall,
athletic, former professional ice
hockey player, wore a tuxedo in
one of the photographs circulated
by investigators, which only add-
ed to his mystique.
“People’s fantasies elevated
him to the status of a myth,” his
son said. 
Hunt Ends
For a Nazi
Now Believed
To Be Dead
Aribert
Ferdinand
Heim
N
A9
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
EUROPE
Russia: Dogs Poisoned in Moscow
The Moscow police are searching for a band
of vigilante “dog hunters” who have set traps
with poisoned meat to kill stray dogs. But the
poison has killed pets instead, and on Friday
the police opened a criminal investigation.
Last week, residents of a Moscow neigh-
borhood complained that several pets had
mysteriously died just as warnings to pet
owners began to appear in a local park. “If
you don’t follow the rules of walking your dog
— it will die,” said one of the fliers, a Russian
news agency reported. Packs of stray dogs
are a common sight in Russia; the govern-
ment estimates that tens of thousands roam
Moscow’s streets. The police say that several
dogs have been killed recently, but Moscow
residents say that the number is actually in
the dozens. 
ANDREWROTH
MIDDLE EAST
Syria: Assad Assails Help for Rebels
An Egyptian magazine, Al Ahram al-Arabi, on
Friday published what it said was an exclu-
sive interview with President Bashar al-As-
sad of Syria in which he criticized Turkey, Qa-
tar and Saudi Arabia for supporting his gov-
ernment’s opponents, saying they were pur-
suing the “Libyan model” for Syria. Mr. Assad
asserted that he was open to dialogue with his
opponents and that the government had al-
ready pursued substantial political reforms.
Also on Friday, an opposition group, the Na-
tional Coordination Committee for Democrat-
ic Change, reported that three of its members
had been arrested in Damascus, the capital. 
KAREEMFAHIM
Iraq: North Korean Flight Barred
Over Suspicions About Syria Aid
Iraq prevented a North Korean plane from en-
tering its airspace because it suspected that it
was carrying weapons for Syria, prompting
praise from the United States on Friday but
also demands for a ban on Iranian aircraft
with similar suspicious cargo. American offi-
cials have accused Iraq of allowing Iran to fly
weapons to Syrian forces through Iraqi air-
space, a charge Iraq has denied. “We urge the
government of Iraq to take additional steps to
prevent others, including Iran, from abusing
its airspace by shipping arms to Syria,” said a
State Department spokesman, Michael La-
valle, who called the move to ban the North
Korean flight a “positive step.” Iraq barred
the North Korean flight on Thursday. 
(AP)
ASIA
Japan: Premier Wins Party Vote
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda fended off a
challenge to his leadership of the governing
Democratic Party on Friday, but his victory
may be short-lived amid a parliamentary im-
passe, a damaging feud with China and dis-
mal poll results that bode ill for his party’s for-
tunes in the next elections. Mr. Noda’s re-
election as the Democrats’ president under-
scored the party’s lack of choices as it seeks
to hang on to power after two weak prime
ministers. Mr. Noda faces a standoff in Parlia-
ment, where the main opposition Liberal
Democratic Party has blocked his initiatives.
He recently pushed through a contentious in-
crease of the sales tax to 10 percent, but only
after promising to dissolve Parliament and
call nationwide elections soon. 
HIROKO TABUCHI
New Zealand: U.S. Reinforces Ties
Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta on Friday
became the first Pentagon chief to visit New
Zealand in three decades, an absence prompt-
ed by a breakdown in ties after New Zealand
prohibited American nuclear warships from
its waters. Mr. Panetta announced that the
Obama administration had modified Ameri-
can policy so that the defense secretary could
authorize visits by New Zealand naval vessels
to Defense Department or Coast Guard facili-
ties. Previously, New Zealand’s ships docked
at commercial ports in the United States, and
not at military bases — a response to the ban
imposed by New Zealand on American ships.
The two countries pledged cooperation on
Asia-Pacific security issues, but Mr. Panetta
said he did not push for a renewed formal mu-
tual-defense treaty. 
THOMSHANKER
UNITED NATIONS
Security Council Urges West Africa
To Develop a Plan to Assist Mali
The humanitarian and security situation in
northern Mali has eroded under Al Qaeda and
the other extremist groups controlling the re-
gion, the United Nations Security Council said
Friday as it expressed its “grave concern.” It
urged West African states to develop a “feasi-
ble” collective plan to confront the situation.
The initial West African proposal stressed the
need to begin any joint military effort from
Bamako, the capital, which Mali rejects.
World leaders attending the United Nations
General Assembly meeting will discuss the
problems facing the sub-Saharan region on
Wednesday, but no new initiatives on Mali are
expected. 
NEIL MacFARQUHAR
World Briefing 
By DECLAN WALSH
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Vio-
lent crowds furious over an anti-
Islamic video made in the United
States convulsed Pakistan’s larg-
est cities on Friday, leaving up to
19 people dead and more than 160
injured in a day of government-
sanctioned protests. 
It was the worst single day of
violence in a Muslim country
over the video, “Innocence of
Muslims,” since protests began
nearly two weeks ago in Egypt,
before spreading to two dozen
countries. Protesters have ig-
nored the United States govern-
ment’s denunciation of the video.
Peaceful protests had been ap-
proved by Pakistan’s govern-
ment, which declared Friday a
national holiday, the Day of Love
for the Prophet Muhammad. The
move was part of an effort to ei-
ther control or politically capital-
ize on rage against the inflamma-
tory video, which depicts Mu-
hammad, the founder of Islam, as
a sexually perverted buffoon.
Friday’s violence began with
the fatal shooting of a television
station employee during a pro-
test in the northwestern city of
Peshawar, and was amplified
through armed protests in the
southern port city of Karachi that
left 12 to 14 people dead, Pakistani
news media reported. 
By nightfall Geo, the leading
television station, was reporting
19 deaths around the country. 
Less violent protests occurred
in other Muslim countries, ex-
acerbated by the publication of
cartoons  depicting Muhammad
in a French satirical weekly.
In Bangladesh, several thou-
sand Islamist activists took to the
streets of the capital, Dhaka,
waving banners and burning a
symbolic coffin for President
Obama that was covered with the
American flag. “Death to the
United States and death to
French,” they chanted.
Local television networks re-
ported that a mob had ransacked
and burned an Anglican church
in Mardan in northwestern Paki-
stan.There were no reports that
Christians had been killed or
wounded.
In Tunisia, the government in-
voked emergency powers to out-
law all demonstrations, and
American diplomatic posts in In-
dia, Indonesia   and elsewhere
closed for the day. 
France  closed embassies and
other institutions in 20 countries
while, in Paris, some Muslim
leaders urged their followers to
heed a government ban on week-
end demonstrations.
In Pakistan, the streets started
erupting early in Peshawar,
where protesters burned two
movie theaters. Two people, in-
cluding the television employee,
Muhammad Amir, were killed. 
Mr. Amir’s employer televised
graphic footage of hospital staff
members as they gave him emer-
gency treatment shortly before
he died, a broadcast that other
Pakistani journalists condemned
as insensitive and irresponsible.
Some protesters tried to reach
the city’s heavily guarded Ameri-
can Consulate, which has a
strong Central Intelligence Agen-
cy component. By evening, hospi-
tal officials said, at least five peo-
ple were dead and more than 50
wounded.
After Friday Prayer, more se-
vere violence erupted in Islam-
abad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Mul-
tan and Karachi, where normally
bustling streets were instead
filled with clouds of tear gas and
the sound of gunfire. 
Protesters in Karachi burned
effigies, stoned a KFC and en-
gaged in armed clashes with the
police that left 14 people dead and
more than 80 wounded by
evening.
“An attack on the holy prophet
is an attack on the core belief of
1.5 billion Muslims,” Prime Min-
ister Raja Pervez Ashraf said in
an address at a religious confer-
ence Friday morning in Islam-
abad. “Therefore, this is some-
thing that is unacceptable.” 
Mr. Ashraf called on the United
Nations and the international
community to formulate a law
outlawing hate speech across the
world. “Blasphemy of the kind
witnessed in this case is nothing
short of hate speech, equal to the
worst kind of anti-Semitism or
other kind of bigotry,” he said.
But chaotic scenes in the
streets outside suggested that if
the government had aimed to
harness public anger on the is-
sue, it had failed. 
In contrast, the day passed
peacefully in neighboring Af-
ghanistan, where officials had
been preparing for the protests
for days. Clerics at major
mosques in the capital, Kabul, ac-
ceded to official requests that
they preach peace, or another
topic entirely. Police officers set
checkpoints to search cars, and
no street violence occurred.
A senior American official in
Kabul said his Afghan counter-
parts had worked hard to mute
the impact of the video through
the week. That was, in part, a
product of their previous experi-
ence with what he called “a dese-
cration or religious event.”
In Pakistan, however, extrem-
ist groups, many banned by the
government, were at the fore-
front of the upheavals. Marchers
in Karachi included members of
Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan,a
banned Sunni sectarian group;
Harkat-ul-Mujahedeen, which
has fought India in Kashmir; and
Tehrik-e-Ghalba Islami, a faction
of another sectarian group.
In Islamabad, activists with
Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan led a
march toward the heavily guard-
ed diplomatic enclave, where
Western missions had closed for
the day. They clashed for hours
with the police outside the Serena
Hotel before being pushed back.
In Lahore, activists from the
banned Lashkar-e-Taiba,whose
leader, Hafiz Saeed,is subject to
a $10 million United States gov-
ernment bounty, led protesters
toward the American Consulate,
where perimeter defenses were
breached earlier in the week. 
The devastation caused by the
protests belied their relatively
small size. The largest street
crowds were estimated to have
5,000 to 10,000 people, fewer than
would typically attend a main-
stream political rally. 
Instead most Pakistanis drift-
ed home after Friday Prayer, ap-
parently keen to avoid the trou-
ble. Still, many analysts ques-
tioned the government’s decision
to give free rein to the marchers.
“Pakistan is a conservative but
not a radicalized society,” said
Cyril Almeida,a writer with the
English-language newspaper
Dawn. “But when the radical
fringe is bold enough, it can hold
society hostage. And that’s what
happened today.”
The government tried to con-
trol the momentum of unrest by
cutting off cellphone coverage in
large cities for most of the day,
and in Islamabad, it sealed exits
in the city after Friday Prayer. 
Imran Khan, the cricket star
turned conservative politician,
addressed one of the Islamabad
protest rallies and condemned
American drone strikes in the
northwestern tribal belt. “There
is no end to this war,” he said.
The State Department spent
$70,000 on Urdu-language adver-
tisements that were broadcast on
several television channels, dis-
sociating the United States gov-
ernment from the video. 
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
summoned the American chargé
d’affaires, Richard E. Hoagland,
and requested that he have “In-
nocence of Muslims” removed
from YouTube. YouTube had al-
ready been entirely blocked in
Pakistan for several days. 
In a statement, Mr. Hoagland
said he had told Pakistani offi-
cials that the video represented
“a deeply insensitive decision by
a single individual to disseminate
hatred” and did not reflect Amer-
ican values. 
The protests largely abated by
nightfall, allowing main roads in
most cities to reopen. The gov-
ernment expressed some frustra-
tion at the day’s events. 
“What kind of a love for the
prophet is this where people are
burning and looting?” said
Qamar Zaman Kaira,the infor-
mation minister, in a television
interview, before berating the
news media for giving excessive
coverage to the trouble. “You
should stop giving live coverage
of protests,” he said.
Deadly Violence Erupts in Pakistan on a Day Reserved for Peaceful Protests
MOHAMMAD SAJJAD/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Protesters set a cinema ablaze on Friday in Peshawar, Pakistan. As many as 19 people,including a television station employee, were killed around the country.
Reporting was contributed by
Alan Cowell from Paris; Julfikar
Ali Manik from Dhaka, Bangla-
desh; Alissa J. Rubin from Kabul,
Afghanistan; Salman Masood
from Rawalpindi,Pakistan; Zia
ur-Rehman from Karachi, Paki-
stan; and Waqar Gillani from La-
hore, Pakistan.
ARSHAD ARBAB/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Protesters toppled a freight container used as a police roadblock in Lahore, and the police and demonstrators clashed in Peshawar. 
ARIF ALI/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
A10
Ø
N
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
STEPHEN CROWLEY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
LOOKING FOR MONEY IN LAS VEGAS
His campaign’s cash balance dipping, Mitt Romney spoke to donors on Friday at the Red Rock Resort and Casino. 
By MARK LANDLER 
and RICHARD OPPEL Jr.
WOODBRIDGE, Va. — President
Obama traded charges with Represent-
ative Paul D. Ryan on Friday over the fi-
nancing of Medicare, as each candidate
sought to appeal to older voters by
warning them, with arguments both fa-
miliar and new, that his opponent would
threaten the future of this signature fed-
eral health care program.
In back-to-back appearances at the
AARP convention in New Orleans, Mr.
Obama and Mr. Ryan, the Republican
vice-presidential candidate, both insist-
ed that their policies would safeguard
Medicare. Mr. Ryan faced a far less
friendly audience, drawing widespread
boos and cries of “No!” when he called
for the repeal of Mr. Obama’s health
care law.
“The first step toward a stronger
Medicare is to repeal ‘Obamacare’ be-
cause it represents the worst of both
worlds,” Mr. Ryan said, his last words
drowned out by catcalls. He added, “I
had a feeling there would be mixed re-
actions.” 
Mr. Obama, who addressed the con-
vention via satellite before holding a ral-
ly in Virginia, received a much warmer
response for his argument that his
health law would strengthen Medicare
over the long run by controlling costs.
Republican proposals, Mr. Obama
said, would turn Medicare into a vouch-
er program that would raise the cost of
care for many older people. The main
beneficiaries of this, he said, would be
insurance companies, which would
cherry-pick the healthiest patients,
leaving the oldest and sickest people in
traditional Medicare.
“No American should ever spend
their golden years at the mercy of insur-
ance companies,” Mr. Obama said to ap-
plause. “They should retire with the
care and the dignity they have earned.”
The president dropped an earlier crit-
icism — that vouchers would raise
health care costs for older people in
Medicare by more than $6,000 a year —
acknowledging that Mr. Ryan had mod-
ified his original proposal so that cur-
rent beneficiaries of Medicare would
not be affected by the voucher system.
But Mr. Obama offered a new argu-
ment: that Mitt Romney’s $5 trillion in
proposed tax cuts would require taxing
Social Security benefits. Citing unidenti-
fied independent experts, the president
said a Romney administration would,
for the first time, tax Social Security
benefits for older people who make less
than $32,000 a year.
Mr. Ryan, for his part, reiterated his
charge that Mr. Obama’s health care
overhaul would “funnel $716 billion out
of Medicare to pay for a new enti-
tlement we didn’t even ask for.” The Re-
publican plan for vouchers, he said,
“empowers future seniors to choose the
coverage that works best for them from
a list of plans that are required to offer
at least the same level of care as tradi-
tional Medicare.”
Mr. Ryan also drew a negative re-
sponse when he implied that Mr. Obama
was willing to forsake retirees for his
own political survival. “He’s put his own
job security over your retirement secu-
rity,” Mr. Ryan said. “He said he’d be
willing to work with Republicans, but he
has not moved an inch closer to com-
mon ground.”
“Liar! Liar!” some in the crowd
shouted. 
AARP is a nonpartisan organization,
but supported the Affordable Care Act,
which many Republicans refer to as
Obamacare.
Later on Friday, as Mr. Ryan stopped
at a fruit stand in Bartow, Fla., he was
asked about the negative reaction. “You
know, entitlement reform has, unfortu-
nately, been made very partisan, by
partisans,” he said.
For his part, Mr. Obama gleefully
drew differences with Mr. Romney. Tak-
ing the stage in Woodbridge, Va., after
his speech to the convention in New Or-
leans, the president presented himself
as an outsider seeking to change Wash-
ington and painted Mr. Romney as look-
ing to do an “inside job.”
A day after Mr. Romney’s assertion
that the president had admitted to fail-
ing to change Washington, Mr. Obama
tried to turn the tables, saying his presi-
dency had always been about mobiliz-
ing outside voices to alter the country’s
direction. Mr. Romney, he said, told an
audience on Thursday, “I’ll get the job
done from the inside.”
“What kind of inside job is he talking
about?” Mr. Obama asked the crowd of
12,000. “Is it the job of rubber-stamping
the top-down, you’re-on-your-own 
Obama and Ryan Trade Blasts Over Medicare at AARP Convention
Rivals accuse each other
of policies that would
threaten the program.
Continued on Page A11
It’s not so surprising that Michelle
Obama said “Modern Family” was one
of her family’s favorite shows. And it’s
only a little surprising that Ann Romney
claimed that she and her husband, Mitt,
were also devoted fans. 
There is no coinci-
dence or meeting of the
minds. “Modern Family”
is a charming, hugely
popular ABC sitcom with
a little something for ev-
eryone, a funny portrait of the many
fragmented, unconventional configura-
tion forms that can make a family, en-
cased in a comfortable, loving frame. It
is also a show that has more than one
politically sensitive element likely to
alienate the bases of the president and
his Republican opponent. 
So the best explanation is that neither
candidate is worried about the base,
and both are wooing the same middle-
of-the road voters who are still uncer-
tain which way they will go in Novem-
ber. For the campaigns, at least, watch-
ing the white, middle-class suburban
characters on “Modern Family” is a
way to mingle with the undecided. 
The show’s Phil Dunphy, a real estate
agent with a wife and three children to
support, represents a key political dem-
ographic: he’s a businessman likely to
fret about soft home sales and a slow
economic recovery, but one who would-
n’t mind “Obamacare” for his children. 
It’s unlikely that either candidate
thinks that part of the electorate will fa-
vor him because of a shared taste in en-
tertainment. In the eyes of anyone run-
ning for the highest office, however, the
Phil Dunphy vote is tantalizingly just
within reach. The Obamas and the Rom-
neys are like those window-shoppers
who linger outside a car dealership —
they may never get their hands on a
vintage convertible, but they can’t keep
their eyes off the floor model (in one
episode, Phil does give in to temptation
and buys a snazzy sports car).
Pop culture references are a cam-
paign fixture as mandatory as kissing
babies and kissing up to PACs. Mr.
Romney says he is down with Snooki of
“Jersey Shore,” while Mr. Obama says
he likes “Homeland.” But Americans, or
at least American cable news anchors,
are notoriously touchy: there is some
risk to even the most innocuous choices,
including “Modern Family,” a show so
broad in appeal that it is up for 14 Em-
mys on Sunday.
The show casts a wide net: in addi-
tion to the Dunphys, there are a gay
couple and a divorced man married to a
much younger Hispanic woman. But it
doesn’t have an African-American in
the core cast, which could be a turnoff
for Obama supporters who expect the
president and his family to promote di-
versity. 
And the show’s gay couple, Cameron
and Mitchell, who have adopted one
child and are seeking to adopt another,
might alienate those conservatives who
want the news media to respect tradi-
tional family values and take Mr. Rom-
ney at his word that he opposes gay
marriage and supports “defense of mar-
riage” laws. 
But when it comes to attracting the
undecided, the candidates’ wives have a
role, and in this case, if no other, Mrs.
Obama and Mrs. Romney have similar
agendas that defy their differences.
Mrs. Obama has to persuade middle-
class voters who might be turned off at
seeing the first family gallivanting at
cool fund-raisers with the likes of
Beyoncé and Jay-Z that she has more
pedestrian connections. One easy way
is to signal that she can identify with a
white middle-class suburban housewife
— and control freak — like Claire Dun-
phy, Phil’s wife. (Mrs. Obama also says
she likes “The Dick Van Dyke Show.”)
Mrs. Romney, for her part, needs to
shake off her homogeneous Mormon
family’s aura of country club insularity
and exclusiveness, and embracing a gay
couple on screen is an easy way to show
tolerance. 
Racial diversity, on the other hand, is
a more sensitive issue. “Girls,” on HBO,
is a boutique comedy with a limited
range in characters — middle-class 20-
something slackers in Brooklyn. Yet the
creator, Lena Dunham, was still
slammed for not including black charac-
ters. She will have one next season. 
“Modern Family” has a Hispanic co-
star but not a black one. In Season 3, the
writers added a black neighbor, played
by the comedian Kevin Hart, who is fun-
ny, but whose character is secondary at
best. 
The reality is that Mr. Obama doesn’t
need to prove his street cred, and Mr.
Romney, as he made clear in the “47
percent” fund-raiser footage, seems not
to want to.
“Modern Family” is not just a televi-
sion show; it’s the meeting place of the
undecided, those wavering few who
may determine who will next control
the remote in the West Wing.
Watching a Hit Sitcom, and Seeing Undecided Voters 
PETER (HOPPER) STONE/ABC
The cast of ABCs Modern Family offers a little something for everyone  even fathers running for president. 
ALESSANDRA
STANLEY 
THE TV
WATCH 
ØØ
N
A11
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
agenda of this Republican Con-
gress? Because if it is, we don’t
want it.”
Ditto, he said, for allowing oil
companies to set the nation’s en-
ergy policy, for letting companies
that outsource jobs write the tax
code and for allowing socially
conservative politicians to police
who can get married or women’s
health care choices.
“We don’t want an inside job in
Washington,” Mr. Obama said to
a swell of cheers. “We want
change in Washington.”
The midday rally, at a minor-
league baseball stadium 23 miles
outside Washington, was one of
the largest of Mr. Obama’s cam-
paign so far. It came amid signs
that he was firming up his lead
over Mr. Romney in some bat-
tleground states, including Vir-
ginia, and that he had erased a
fund-raising disadvantage.
Mr. Obama used his presiden-
tial helicopter, Marine One, to
make the short trip, landing in a
cloud of dust next to the stadium
in a display of the trappings of in-
cumbency. 
The president’s Medicare mes-
sage found a receptive audience
in Emma Barrios, an 81-year-old
immigrant from Guatemala. Mr.
Obama, she said, would do a bet-
ter job of safeguarding the pro-
gram than would Mr. Romney,
whom she accused of favoring
the interests of the wealthy over
those of middle-class people.
“Medicare is not a handout,”
Ms. Barrios said. “It is the right
of all senior citizens. This is what
we get in return for a lifetime of
hard work.” 
Obama and Ryan Trade Blasts Over Medicare at AARP Convention
DAMON WINTER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
President Obama pretended to swing a bat at a rally Friday in Woodbridge, Va. Earlier, he addressed the AARP convention in New Orleans via satellite.
From Page A10
Mark Landler reported from
Woodbridge, and Richard A.
Oppel Jr.from New Orleans. 
ABC News in July.
Mr. Romney had pledged to
disclose his 2011 return before
Election Day, and his campaign
said it was filed Friday with the
Internal Revenue Service. His
aides appear to have judged that
any political harm from releasing
the new documents — made pub-
lic on Friday afternoon — would
best be timed for the end of a
week that had been among the
most difficult of his campaign. 
While the release of some fig-
ures for the previous two decades
went beyond what Mr. Romney
had signaled he would be willing
to disclose, it remained impossi-
ble to get a complete picture of
his tax liabilities from those
years without his returns. Demo-
crats quickly pounced on Mr.
Romney’s decision to release
only average figures for his 1990-
2009 returns, leaving many de-
tails of his finances and tax plan-
ning unclear.
In a statement, Stephanie Cut-
ter, the deputy campaign man-
ager for President Obama, said
that Mr. Romney “continues to
fail” the test of full disclosure by
releasing only a summary of his
earlier returns. Harry Reid, the
Senate majority leader, who had
accused Mr. Romney of having
paid no taxes for a decade, did
not repeat his claim on Friday —
but did not back down either. 
“When will the American peo-
ple see the returns he filed before
he was running for president?”
Mr. Reid said in a statement.
“Governor Romney is showing
us what he does when the public
is looking. The true test of his
character would be to show what
he did when everyone was not
looking at his taxes.”
The Romney campaign took
questions about the new docu-
ments only over e-mail, and a
memo from his lawyer, R. Brad-
ford Malt, left unanswered ques-
tions that have swirled about Mr.
Romney’s overseas income, for-
eign tax credits and use of so-
phisticated corporate structures
abroad to minimize his tax bur-
dens at home.
A campaign spokeswoman did
not respond to questions about
which years Mr. Romney or the
family trusts had filed separate
forms with the Internal Revenue
Service disclosing their foreign
income. Disclosing those forms
would reveal whether Mr. Rom-
ney had over the years declared
all of his foreign income to the
I.R.S. in a timely manner.
The summary of his returns for
the years before 2010 said that
the Romneys had owed both fed-
eral and state taxes in each year
between 1990 and 2009 and had
paid an average effective federal
income tax rate of 20 percent of
their adjusted gross income. 
But accounting experts cau-
tioned that without seeing the re-
turns themselves it was impossi-
ble to gauge Mr. Romney’s actual
tax burden. The campaign de-
clined to disclose the minimum
dollar amount of Mr. Romney’s
federal income tax obligations
during those two decades.
Citizens for Tax Justice, a lib-
eral-leaning research group, said
Friday that by including in the
average the years 1992 through
1997, Mr. Romney’s accountants
skewed his average rate upward
because investment income —
the overwhelming source of Mr.
Romney’s wealth — was taxed at
nearly double the current rate of
15 percent. In addition, the family
appeared to defer some tax de-
ductions into future years, a
move that would give Mr. Rom-
ney further options — all of them
legal — to adjust his effective fed-
eral tax rate. 
In an amended return also re-
leased Friday, Representative
Paul D. Ryan, Mr. Romney’s run-
ning mate, disclosed that he and
his wife had initially failed to re-
port $61,122 in income from 2011.
He said the failure was inadver-
tent. The change raised their to-
tal income to $323,416 and in-
creased their taxes by $19,917 to
$64,674, or 20 percent of adjusted
gross income. 
They owed a penalty of $59 for
the original underpayment. The
Ryans explained that they had
overlooked their income from the
Prudence Little Living Trust.
Mrs. Little, who died in 2010, was
Mrs. Ryan’s mother.
Some elements of Mr. Rom-
ney’s finances became more
opaque in 2011. Taxable wages for
household employees, which
reached $20,603 for four people in
2010, were not included on the
2011 return. Instead, the family
made those payments through a
payroll company that filed its
own return. 
Mr. Malt, who manages the
family’s trusts, also disposed of
politically sensitive investments
while Mr. Romney campaigned
for president. The 2011 tax re-
turns his campaign released Fri-
day showed that Mr. Romney’s
family trusts had invested in
shares of a Chinese-owned state
oil company and sold those in-
vestments last summer, as Mr.
Romney’s anti-Chinese com-
ments heated up on the cam-
paign trail.
Mr. Romney’s trusts also
hedged against the dollar. Mr.
Malt invested in a derivative that
would profit if the dollar fell
against a group of foreign cur-
rencies. He also put some of the
family’s money in derivative se-
curities linked to the Japanese
stock market and to an index that
includes stocks in every major
country except the United States. 
In 2009 and 2010, the W. Mitt
Romney blind trust invested
$77,262 in shares of Cnooc Lim-
ited, the Chinese state-owned oil
company, and the Industrial and
Commercial Bank of China. On
Aug. 10, 2011, as Mr. Romney was
emerging as a harsh critic of Chi-
na, the shares were sold, pro-
ducing a profit of $8,138 as the
trust made money on the oil com-
pany and lost money on the bank.
Mr. Romney’s campaign has
repeatedly criticized Mr. Obama
for failing to take a tough line
against Chinese trade practices.
After Mr. Obama this week an-
nounced new trade actions
against China, Mr. Romney took
credit for forcing his hand.
The Romney family trusts in-
vested around the world. They
owned shares in Credit Suisse,
the Swiss bank; FLSmidth, a
Danish machinery company;
ArcelorMittal, a steel company
based in Luxembourg with oper-
ations around the world; and
Komatsu, a Japanese machinery
company. All those investments
were sold on Aug. 10, 2011 — the
day before a Republican primary
debate in Iowa.
Mr. Romney’s income in 2011
would put him among those
Americans who will most likely
pay far higher Medicare taxes
next year, thanks to Mr. Obama’s
health care law, which Mr. Rom-
ney has vowed to repeal.
Pressed,
Romney
Offers Data
On Taxes 
From Page A1
C
ompar
i
ng
Tax Rates
How the candidates’ 
incomes and taxes paid 
in 2011 compare with 
the typical American 
taxpayer and the top 
0.1 percent.
Sources: The candidates; Tax Policy Center
*The average person in the middle quintile of people, who earned between $37,837 and $63,483 in 2011.  **Employee portion only.
THE NEW YORK TIMES
ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME
WAGES
BUSINESS, S-CORPORATION,
PARTNERSHIP, TRUST INCOME
CHARITABLE DONATIONS
FEDERAL INCOME TAXES 
EXCLUDING PAYROLL TAXES
INCLUDING PAYROLL TAXES**
Social Security and Medicare; 
figures are estimated. 
INVESTMENT INCOME
Most of 
President 
Obama’s income 
came from book 
royalties, which 
were much 
lower than they 
were in 2010.
BARACK OBAMA
$789,674
$394,821
$442,067
$172,130
$150,253
19.0%
$162,074
20.5%
$7,697
Mr. Romney's 
income came 
almost entirely 
from invest-
ments, which 
are taxed at a 
much lower rate 
than wages. 
MITT ROMNEY
$13,696,951
$0
$86,543
$2,250,772
$1,912,529
14.0%
$1,935,708
14.1%
$13,472,518
Most income for 
the typical 
taxpayer was from 
wages, and the 
largest portion of 
the federal tax bill 
was for entitle-
ments.
TYPICAL TAXPAYER*
$44,619
$31,516
$706
$653
$1,785
4.0%
$3,525
7.9%
$1,304
Because their 
income came from
wages as well as 
investments, the 
120,000 top 
earners paid highe
r
 
rates on average 
than Mr. Romney.
TOP 0.1 PERCENT
$7,014,467
$1,381,067
$1,670,775
$385,950
$1,508,110
21.5%
$1,550,197
22.1%
$3,543,942
STEPHEN CROWLEY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mitt Romney, addressing supporters during a rally in Las Vegas
on Friday, has made public more information about his taxes. 
Floyd Norris and Michael D.
Shear contributed reporting. 
By LAWRENCE K. ALTMAN
and DENISE GRADY 
Medical summaries by doctors
who have regularly examined
Mitt Romney and Representative
Paul D. Ryan were released Fri-
day by the Romney campaign
and show both men to be conspic-
uously healthy and fit. Both men,
however, have significant family
histories of heart disease and
have been closely monitored for
it.
Mr. Romney, 65, is a “vigorous
man who takes excellent care of
his personal physical health” and
who “appears years younger
than his age,” Dr. Randall D. Gaz,
of Massachusetts General Hospi-
tal and Harvard Medical School,
said in a statement. Dr. Gaz, a
specialist in thyroid surgery, said
he had been Mr. Romney’s per-
sonal physician since June 1989.
Mr. Romney takes a low-dose
aspirin daily (81 milligrams, often
called baby aspirin) to help pre-
vent heart attacks, and a statin
drug, Lipitor, to lower his choles-
terol, which is 169 with the treat-
ment, a level considered normal,
Dr. Gaz said.
Mr. Romney is also closely
monitored for prostate cancer be-
cause of his family history, Dr.
Gaz said, and has a mild eleva-
tion of his triglyceride, at 179, and
“minimally symptomatic” benign
enlargement of his prostate
gland.
Mr. Romney’s resting heart
rate is in the 40s, well below aver-
age and a level often found in ath-
letes and people who run regular-
ly or do a lot of other aerobic ex-
ercise. Mr. Romney’s heart rate
was 40 on his most recent med-
ical checkup, on Aug. 9, which,
Dr. Gaz said, was most likely re-
lated to Mr. Romney’s “past in-
tensive exercise with regular
running.”
An unusually slow pulse can
also be a sign of heart disease,
but other experts agreed with Dr.
Gaz’s assessment that in Mr.
Romney’s case, it was more like-
ly a sign of fitness.
A slow heart rate is often seen
in high-performance athletes,
said Dr. Roman W. DeSanctis,
emeritus chief of clinical cardiolo-
gy at Massachusetts General
Hospital, who has not been in-
volved in Mr. Romney’s care. Dr.
DeSanctis said he was “not both-
ered by the slow heart rate” be-
cause he “has seen many pa-
tients who have had it.” An exer-
cise test showed that Mr. Rom-
ney’s heart rate rose to 107 with
stress.
A specialist in internal medi-
cine at Massachusetts General,
who asked not to be identified
and was not involved in Mr. Rom-
ney’s care, said he found nothing
to be concerned about in Mr.
Romney’s medical report.
Dr. Gaz’s statement indicated
that Mr. Romney has never faint-
ed. Mr. Romney has been advised
to notify his doctors of symptoms
that could reflect a heart problem
like lightheadedness, frequent
palpitations, shortness of breath
or chest discomfort.   
Mr. Romney has undergone ex-
tensive testing including normal
24-hour monitoring of his heart
rhythm, echocardiogram, colo-
noscopy and prostate-screening
tests.
Mr. Romney does not drink al-
cohol or smoke (his Mormon
faith forbids both) and is allergic
to penicillin. In 1965, he had his
appendix removed, and in 1968,
he sustained a concussion and
broken bones in a car accident in
France. He is 6 foot 1 and a half
inches tall and weighs 184
pounds. His blood pressure is a
healthy 130/80.
“He has reserves of strength,
energy and stamina that provide
him with the ability to meet unex-
pected demands,” Dr. Gaz said,
adding that he found “no physical
impairments that should inter-
fere with Mr. Romney serving as
president, if elected.”
Mr. Ryan, Mr. Romney’s run-
ning mate, has a strong family
history of heart disease. The Mil-
waukee Journal Sentinel has
quoted him as saying that his fa-
ther “died of a heart attack at 55,
my grandfather died of a heart at-
tack at 57, my great-grandfather
died of heart attack at 59, so I’m
into the health thing.”
Dr. Brian P. Monahan, the at-
tending physician to Congress
who has examined Mr. Ryan, 42,
since he entered Congress at age
28, described Mr. Ryan’s health
as “excellent.” 
He noted that Mr. Ryan reg-
ularly engages in “vigorous aero-
bic and strength-building exer-
cises,” eats a “heart health diet,”
and does not smoke or drink
much alcohol. 
Mr. Ryan occasionally needs to
use an inhaler for “airway hy-
persensitivity,” meaning wheez-
ing or asthma attacks. He has
had disc trouble in his back and
torn cartilage in one knee. Mr.
Ryan’s blood pressure is 121/62,
his heart rate is 59, his choles-
terol is 184 and his body mass in-
dex is 20.9, well below the aver-
age for men in the United States.
 In the past, Mr. Ryan has said
that his proportion of body fat
was 6 percent to 8 percent, but a
level that low seems unlikely,
said Dr. Michael J. Joyner, an ex-
ercise expert at the Mayo Clinic
in Rochester, Minn. Dr. Joyner
added that such a reading would
be exceptional in any middle-age
man and was more likely in a
much younger, super-elite ath-
lete.
G.O.P. Ticket Is Picture
Of Health, Doctors Say
Family histories aside,
Romney and Ryan are
deemed strikingly fit. 
ELECTION
 
2012
A12
Ø
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By ADAM NAGOURNEY
LOS ANGELES — One year ago, a 10-mile
stretch of Interstate 405 — the most heavily trav-
eled highway in the nation, and the not-so-proud
symbol of the Los Angeles traffic jam — was shut
down for most of a weekend. The city went on full
alert. Emergency workers were mobilized, con-
tingency plans were made and motorists were
warned — in the most dire terms — to stay off the
road for what was called Carmageddon.
In a week, it will happen again in what is the
next phase in widening the highway as it cuts
through the narrow Sepulveda mountain pass that
connects west Los Angeles and the San Fernando
Valley. Yet this time, you would hardly know it.
There are no apocalyptic warnings from the
mayor, no reports of people preparing to flee town.
The flashing warning signs posted on roadways
across California appear both less prevalent and
less terrifying.
Lady Gaga has yet to post another stay-off-
the-road Twitter message to her 29.4 million follow-
ers. And a click on the Facebook page that last year
was devoted to Carmageddon recently returned
this message: “The page you requested was not
found.”
So nothing to worry about?
Well, maybe. But maybe not.
The problem is that things went too smoothly
last year. The warnings that congestion would lock
up the city were not borne out because drivers —
dutifully scared and already wary of the tendency
of traffic crossing the 405, as the highway is known,
to get impossibly frozen during the best of times —
stayed off the roads. Los Angeles had rarely
seemed so empty.
This time, preparing for a 53-hour closing next
weekend, Los Angeles officials find themselves in
something of a Chicken Little situation, the victims
of their own success. Carmageddon II might be a
week away, but there are no signs of fear or frenzy.
And considering what happened last time, or rath-
er what did not happen, why would there be? 
“We knew that we couldn’t do it the same way
a second time,” Mayor Antonio R. Villaraigosa
said. “We saw it last year as the day went on: on
Sunday there was more traffic than there was on
Saturday.”
This time, appeals to fear and self-preserva-
tion are out. Appeals to the good-neighbor commu-
nitarian instincts of Angelenos are in, sweetened
with discounts for people who visit local restau-
New Fears in Los Angeles
As Highway Closes Again
Interstate 405 will be closed next
weekend. A closing last year, above,
caused no problems, but Mayor Anto-
nio R. Villaraigosa, left, says drivers
might not heed warnings this time.
Continued on Page A16
MICHAL CZERWONKA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
MONICA ALMEIDA/THE NEW YORK TIMES
By CARMEN GENTILE
and CHRISTINE HAUSER
PITTSBURGH — “i cant take it no
more im done bro,” Klein Michael Thax-
ton, 22, wrote in a status update on
Facebook on Friday.
In another post, he wrote: “this life
im livn rite now i dnt want anymore ive
lost everything and i aint gettn it back.”
For a tense six hours on Friday, Mr.
Thaxton’s Facebook messages became
part of an unfolding drama that started
when he walked into an office building
with a hammer and knife and took an
employee hostage before eventually
surrendering to the police. During the
standoff, the police, firearms experts
and hostage negotiators were called to
the scene. Hundreds of onlookers and
reporters gathered behind police barri-
cades on the street, gazing up at the
windows to try to get a glimpse of what
was going on. Even Mr. Thaxton’s moth-
er came to the building to try to con-
vince her son to give himself up peace-
fully. 
But it was the people with access to
Mr. Thaxton’s Facebook account who
may have had the best view into his
thinking as the ordeal unfolded in the
16th floor in the offices of CW Breitsman
Associates. For several hours, as Mr.
Thaxton sent updates and Facebook
friends wrote back, the flow of status
messages chronicled the narrative of a
man who seemed to have lost hope and
a community that said it could relate,
urging him to stay strong, to push
through life’s hard knocks or to pray.
In one of his first updates, Mr. Thax-
ton seemed to throw his fate into the
hands of his online brotherhood. “how
this ends is up to yall bro,” he wrote.
At another point, he appeared to be
saying goodbye to those close to him.
“welln pops youll never have to woryy
about me again you’ll nevr need to by
me anything no need to ever waste ur
hard earned money on me. i’ll live n jail
you dnt want me around anymore thats
kool bye...i love u assata sis.”
In reply to one of his posts, Sharlene
Younger  urged Mr. Thaxton to “get
back upon that horse and get to riding,”
before addressing fellow Facebook
friends of Mr. Thaxton.
“FB lets all pray for Klein that his life
will turn around for the better soon, that
God will feel him with joy life and every-
thing he needs right now in the name of
Jesus, AMEN,” she wrote.
The Pittsburgh police said Mr. Thax-
ton’s Facebook activities became a cen-
tral part of the drama. Providing a time-
line of the events, Nate Harper, Pitts-
burgh’s police chief, said Mr. Thaxton,
who was living in temporary housing,
rode a bicycle downtown early Friday.
Carrying a hammer and a knife, he sat
down outside the tower at 401 Liberty
Avenue. 
Just after 8 a.m., he went inside and
eventually stopped on the 16th floor. He
then took as a hostage Charles W. Breit-
sman, 58, the president of the company,
which administers pension plans. After
several hours in which the police and
his mother, Ronda, negotiated with Mr.
Thaxton, the ordeal ended about 2 p.m.,
the police said, when he surrendered
and released Mr. Breitsman unharmed.
The police initially said they thought
Mr. Thaxton might have had a gun and
a bomb. 
Mr. Thaxton was charged with kid-
napping, terroristic threats and aggra-
vated assault. He has a record that in-
cludes robbery, receiving stolen prop-
erty and assault, stemming from a July
2011 police chase, according to court
records. It is not clear how much time
he served in jail.
Mr. Thaxton’s page on Facebook says
he lived in Pittsburgh and graduated
from high school in 2008 and from Trian-
gle Tech, a trade school, the same year.
Police said that he had been in the mil-
itary, but did not say which branch of
service.
Chief Harper said that one of the
main conditions that Mr. Thaxton re-
quested to surrender was to speak to a
former girlfriend on the phone, a re-
quest the police granted. A post by an-
other Facebook friend, Markus Bradley,
suggested that he knew Mr. Thaxton
may have been haunted by a former re-
lationship.
“come on cuz u better then that man
let dat girl go” Mr. Bradley wrote dur-
ing the standoff.
The police chief said that Mr. Thaxton
did not know Mr. Breitsman but that he
appeared to have chosen him to take
hostage because the 16th floor may have
been accessible without a key card.
Then he saw that Mr. Breitsman had a
computer, a cellphone and a television.
Police said Mr. Thaxton had wanted to
send Facebook posts and watch televi-
sion as the situation played out.
Chief Harper said the police eventu-
ally disabled Mr. Thaxton’s access to
Facebook because it was hindering the
negotiations. But initially, Mr. Thaxton’s
Facebook writing worked in their favor. 
“It helped because it let the suspect
know people cared about him,” the po-
lice chief said. “It was helpful because
he was focusing on Facebook rather
than harming the victim.”
Hostage Drama ResolvedAmidTalk on Facebook
JEFF SWENSEN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
After a standoff in Pittsburgh on Friday, police officers led Klein Michael
Thaxton out of an office building where he had taken a man hostage.
Online messages of
despair and support
during a six-hour standoff.
Carmen Gentile reported from Pitts-
burgh, and Christine Hauser from New
York. Timothy Williams contributed re-
porting from New York.
By LAURIE GOODSTEIN
The editor of a Web site that encour-
ages Mormons to question church histo-
ry and doctrine has been told that he
faces a church trial and possible excom-
munication because he is an apostate
who is trying to lead church members
astray.
David Twede, a fifth-generation Mor-
mon who lives in Florida, is the manag-
ing editor of MormonThink, one of the
most influential of the many Web sites
on which active and former Mormons
debate church teaching. Such sites have
drawn increased traffic as Mormons
turn to the Internet to find answers to
controversial questions about Mormon
history and traditions that the church
does not address. 
The church has come under height-
ened scrutiny with the presidential can-
didacy of Mitt Romney, a Mormon who
once served as a bishop. The church
went through a spate of public excom-
munications of prominent scholars and
feminists in the early 1990s, but in re-
cent years public excommunications of
dissidents have been rare, church ex-
perts said.
Mr. Twede’s situation was first re-
ported on Friday by the Web site The
Daily Beast, which suggested that Mr.
Twede was being disciplined because he
had posted several articles on Mormon-
Think critical of Mr. Romney. 
In an interview, however, Mr. Twede
said he was not certain that this was the
reason he was facing excommunication.
He has also written posts on his person-
al blog, linked to MormonThink, about
how he recently started attending
church again after five years as an athe-
ist. He described how he had struck up
a friendship with a Mormon he called
Pat and had e-mailed materials to Pat
and Pat’s spouse that he hoped would
shake their faith. 
Mr. Twede said that last Sunday, after
he attended a worship service at his
congregational meetinghouse in Orlan-
do for only the second time, he was
called into an office and “interrogated”
for 45 minutes by the bishop; the stake
president, who is a regional church au-
thority; and two councilors, none of
whom he had previously met. 
“They said that they felt I was a spy
and a wolf in sheep’s clothing,” Mr.
Twede said. “They said that they need
to protect the flock from the Antichrist,
from an apostate.” 
They handed him a brief letter signed
by the stake president, Allan T. Pratt,
which said that “because you are re-
ported to have been in apostasy,” they
were convening a “disciplinary council”
that could excommunicate him. They
had spelled his name wrong. 
Mr. Twede said that they pressed him
for the names of others involved in Mor-
monThink, but that he did not cooper-
ate. He said that there were about 12 oc-
casional writers and 5 steady editors, all
volunteers. Mr. Twede said he took over
only in July from the managing editor,
who quit when he was also faced with
excommunication.
Michael Purdy, a church spokesman,
said in a statement, “It is patently false
for someone to suggest they face church
discipline for having questions or for ex-
pressing a political view.” 
“Church discipline becomes neces-
sary only in those rare occasions when
an individual’s actions cannot be ig-
nored while they claim to be in good
standing with the church,” he wrote.
“Every organization, whether religious
or secular, must be able to define where
its boundaries begin and end.”
Scott Gordon, president of the Foun-
dation for Apologetic Information and
Research, an organization in Redding,
Calif., that defends Mormon theology,
said that he had forwarded materials
posted by Mr. Twede to church officials
in Salt Lake City. 
“It has nothing to do with Romney,”
Mr. Gordon said. “I know members
very high up in the church who are vot-
ing for Obama.”
“It’s about him posting on a blog that
he was actively in there trying to sub-
vert people’s beliefs in the L.D.S.
church,” Mr. Gordon said, using the
shorthand for the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
Philip Barlow, a professor of Mormon
history and culture at Utah State Uni-
versity, said that other Mormon blog-
gers had posted negative articles about
Mr. Romney without any repercussions
from the church. 
“You wouldn’t be called to a dis-
ciplinary council for criticizing Mitt
Romney,” he said. “You would be called
for doing harm to the church.” 
Mr. Twede works with laser spectros-
copy and remote sensing. He said he
was a faithful Mormon until he began
studying for his master’s in biophysics
at the University of Michigan.
“I was raised in it, and believed in it,
and was in church leadership roles,” he
said. “But then when I was in graduate
school, I began applying the same sci-
entific methodology to church teaching.
I could not see the justification of be-
lieving things when the evidence was so
much in the other direction.” 
But he said he valued the church’s
culture and wanted to stay a member.
He said, “To be excommunicated would
be sort of cutting myself off from my
people.”
Editor of Web Site May Face 
Mormon Excommunication
Ø
N
A13
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By JONATHAN WEISMAN
WASHINGTON — Senate
leaders reached a hard-fought
agreement to complete their
work Friday night and ensure
that the government’s lights stay
on through March. Then the
doors will close on one of the
least productive Congresses in
generations until after the No-
vember elections.
The 112th Congress lurched to
the exits the way it started —
amid partisan rancor and back-
biting even within the parties.
House Democrats marched to the
House steps, chanted, “work,
work, work,” and demanded law-
makers stay in town to complete
unfinished business like a farm
bill to take the place of agricul-
ture laws that expire at the end of
the month. They said no Con-
gress since 1960 had recessed
this early for the campaign sea-
son.
Then they headed home.
Speaker John A. Boehner of
Ohio growled that they should
have protested on the Senate
steps, where House bills have
gone to die since the Republicans
took control. The last House bill
to pass was much like many oth-
ers, a largely partisan measure to
thwart Obama administration ef-
forts, delicately named the “Stop
the War on Coal Act.” It too will
die in the Senate.
In that body, the war was as
much within the Republican Par-
ty as it was between the opposing
camps. That was because Sena-
tor Rand Paul, Republican of
Kentucky, had succeeded in go-
ing around his leadership and
forcing a vote on legislation to cut
off foreign aid to Pakistan, Egypt
and Libya until the countries
prove they are working construc-
tively with the United States.
Senators from both parties,
backed by the Obama adminis-
tration, vowed to vote it down,
saying it would be detrimental to
United States foreign policy as
Washington tries to steer the new
governments of the Arab Spring
toward democratic pluralism.
One particular provision of the
Paul legislation would mandate
the cutoff of foreign aid to any
country where a United States
embassy is attacked, an invita-
tion to terrorists to attack Ameri-
can diplomatic posts in friendly
countries like Israel, said Senator
Lindsey Graham, Republican of
South Carolina.
But with foreign aid less pop-
ular than ever and feelings raw
over the recent diplomatic at-
tacks, no one wanted to take a
vote many constituents would
not like.
“People aren’t too happy with
me right now,” Mr. Paul con-
ceded. But, he added, the leaders
of countries like Pakistan and
Egypt “laugh at us and snigger
and turn away and say, ‘fools.’
What we need in this country is
an American Spring.”
With the exit signs beckoning,
Senate Republicans did bow to
Democratic demands that the
Senate’s last vote before the cam-
paign season be to take up legis-
lation to increase access for rec-
reational hunting and fishing,
particularly on federal lands,
build up habitat conservation and
open up financing for the cre-
ation and maintenance of shoot-
ing ranges, among other things.
The sportsmen’s package was
drafted by Senator Jon Tester of
Montana, and openly pushed to
the Senate floor to help his tough
re-election fight against Repre-
sentative Denny Rehberg, a Re-
publican who had pushed a simi-
lar package through the House.
Congress Heads for Home
With Rancor Still Evident
PHOTOGRAPHS BY LUKE SHARRETT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Nancy Pelosi with fellow Democrats as she criticized House Republicans’ plans to adjourn Friday. Right, Speaker John Boehner.
By ERIC LIPTON
WASHINGTON — Represent-
ative Maxine Waters, Democrat
of California, did not violate
House ethics rules when she con-
tacted the Treasury Department
in 2008 to set up a meeting on be-
half of top executives from a bank
her husband owns stock in, a spe-
cial investigator announced on
Friday.
But the House ethics commit-
tee is still debating whether her
chief of staff, Mikael Moore, act-
ed improperly when he continued
to work behind the scenes on be-
half of the same bank, OneUnit-
ed, which is based in Boston.
The findings, which still must
be acted on by the ethics commit-
tee, represent some of the final
steps in what has been a three-
year investigation into Ms. Wa-
ters’s actions during the finan-
cial crisis. 
If the recommendation of the
special investigator is approved,
as is expected, it will represent a
major victory for Ms. Waters,
clearing the way for her to take
over the spot as the top Demo-
crat on the House Financial Serv-
ices Committee, where she has
long served. The committee’s
ranking Democrat, Barney Frank
of Massachusetts, is retiring.
Ms. Waters has long argued
she did nothing wrong when she
made that September 2008 phone
call to Henry M. Paulson Jr., who
was the treasury secretary at the
time, to set up the meeting at-
tended by executives from OneU-
nited, then near financial col-
lapse.
Billy Martin, a former federal
prosecutor who was named this
year as an ethics committee spe-
cial investigator for this case,
said Friday at an unusual public
hearing on the case that Ms. Wa-
ters believed at the time she
made this call that she was acting
on behalf of all minority-owned
banks, not just OneUnited.
Only after the 2008 meeting did
Ms. Waters find out that OneU-
nited executives dominated the
event, asking for a special bailout
by the Treasury Department, Mr.
Martin said. If the bank had
failed, her husband could have
lost an investment then worth
about $350,000.
Mr. Martin told an ethics com-
mittee panel Friday that once Ms.
Waters learned of OneUnited’s
request for special treatment, she
told Mr. Moore to stay out of the
matter, the investigators found.
“Representative Waters went
above and beyond what was re-
quired of her,” said Representa-
tive Steven C. LaTourette, Re-
publican of Ohio. “There is noth-
ing left with Representative Wa-
ters.”
But the special panel set up by
the ethics committee spent Fri-
day morning examining whether
Mr. Moore, who is Ms. Waters’s
grandson, continued to intervene
on behalf of OneUnited, which ul-
timately received $12 million in
bailout funds from the Treasury
Department.
E-mails sent by Mr. Moore in
late September 2008 that men-
tioned OneUnited were read at
the hearing — where Mr. Moore
testified for more than an hour,
while Ms. Waters, and her hus-
band, Sidney Williams, sat silent-
ly behind him.
Mr. Martin said he had con-
cluded that there was not suffi-
cient evidence to bring formal
charges against Mr. Moore, as he
could not prove that Mr. Moore
knew that Ms. Waters’s husband
owned the bank stock at the time
he was acting on behalf of the
bank.
But committee members said
his testimony had been inconsis-
tent and that there still was evi-
dence that he might have acted
improperly. 
As a result, the ethics commit-
tee might issue a “letter of re-
proval” against Mr. Moore, which
is not a formal charge, but its
least serious type of punishment,
which would not require action
by the full House. 
The letter would accuse Mr.
Moore of using his office for per-
sonal gain, attempting to dis-
pense special favors and taking
actions that brought discredit on
the House, Mr. Moore said, in his
own testimony at the public hear-
ing.
“I believe you either knew or
should have known” there was a
conflict of interest, Representa-
tive Donna Edwards, Democrat
of Maryland, said to Mr. Moore.
There was no proposal under
consideration Friday to take ac-
tion against Ms. Waters.
Mr. Moore, the only witness at
the hearing, tried to defend his
actions.
“The work that I did in Sep-
tember 2008 was not on behalf of
any one bank,” Mr. Moore said.
But Mr. Martin said that the
ethics committee did not need
“clear and convincing” evidence
against Mr. Moore of wrongdoing
to issue the letter of reproval,
only “sufficient evidence to con-
clude a violation occurred,” given
that it is not a formal sanction by
the full House against him.
Representative Robert W. Goo-
dlatte, Republican of Virginia and
chairman of the special ethics
committee, said that Mr. Moore
could have a conflict of interest
even if he did not personally see a
financial benefit from a bailout to
OneUnited, as Ms. Waters is his
boss and grandmother.
Mr. Goodlatte and Mr. LaTou-
rette agreed that the House rules
regarding a conflict of interest
needed to be examined to make it
clearer what type of behavior vio-
lates the rules.
“Work needs to be done in this
area,” Mr. Goodlatte said.
The investigation of Ms. Wa-
ters, which started in 2009, has
been mired in controversy after
the House ethics committee’s
own chief counsel accused staff
members in 2010 of sharing confi-
dential details about the matter
with Republicans, a violation of
House rules. 
The result was an extraordi-
nary decision to appoint Mr. Mar-
tin to see if the ethics committee
had acted improperly before re-
starting a new inquiry into the
accusations against Ms. Waters.
Ms. Waters, 74, who has served
in the House since 1991, declined
to comment on the case at the
end of Friday’s hearing, saying
she wanted to wait for a final ac-
tion by the ethics committee.
But she was smiling as she
walked out of the hearing room,
with her husband at her side.
CHIP SOMODEVILLA/GETTY IMAGES
Representative Maxine Waters, Democrat of California, and her husband, Sidney Williams, second from left, at the House ethics committee hearing Friday.
Lawmaker Didn’t Break Ethics Rules in Bank Case, Investigator Finds
Still being debated:
Did Waters’s chief of
staff act improperly?
nephrologist at Northwestern
University’s Feinberg School of
Medicine. In addition, the lowest-
quality kidneys would be offered
to candidates on a wider geo-
graphic basis than they are now,
in the hope of finding willing re-
cipients.
While Dr. Friedewald acknowl-
edged that many of the patients
most likely to benefit from the
changes would be younger ones,
he said it would still be possible
for some in their 40s and 50s to
make the cut.
“We decided that a small
change in allocation differences
would be worth the massive num-
ber of extra life years we could at-
tain under the system,” Dr. Frie-
dewald said in a conference call.
“By providing long-lived organs
to long-lived recipients, we pre-
vent returns to the wait list, and
by preventing returns to the wait
list we actually make more or-
gans available for other candi-
dates.”
Another change would alter
By KEVIN SACK
After nine years of fitful work,
the governance committee that
oversees kidney transplants in
the United States proposed a se-
ries of tweaks on Friday aimed at
making better use of the coun-
try’s desperately inadequate sup-
ply of deceased-donor organs. 
Central to the plan is a new in-
dex for better estimating the
quality of the more than 14,000
kidneys recovered from dead do-
nors each year. The top 20 per-
cent of kidneys, as measured by
the index, would be directed to
those candidates expected to live
the longest after a transplant —
typically younger patients.
For that fortunate one-fifth, it
would be a significant departure
from the current wait-list system,
which operates largely on a first-
come-first-served basis. But for
the other 80 percent, there would
be little change in a process that
has been criticized for the num-
ber of patients who die while
waiting for a match, deep geo-
graphic disparities in waiting
times and inefficiencies that lead
to hundreds of viable organs be-
ing discarded each year.
Using computer simulations,
the plan’s architects estimated
the changes would produce an
additional 8,380 years of life from
one year of transplants. That is
about half the number of years
generated by a plan previously
considered by the committee,
which would have matched many
kidneys to recipients by age.
That plan was abandoned after
federal officials warned last year
that it would violate age discrimi-
nation laws.
The new proposal, issued by
the kidney transplantation com-
mittee of the United Network for
Organ Sharing, is open for public
comment until Dec. 14. The com-
mittee will then consider revi-
sions and make recommenda-
tions to the network’s full board,
which could vote on the plan at a
meeting in June. The network,
based in Richmond, Va., manages
the country’s  Organ Procure-
ment and Transplantation Net-
work under a federal contract
with the Department of Health
and Human Services. 
More than 93,000 people are
waiting for a kidney transplant,
many of them tethered to dialysis
three times a week. Last year,
16,813 patients received trans-
plants — 11,043 of them from dead
donors — while 4,720 on the list
died.
The organ sharing network has
long acknowledged that the cur-
rent system does not make maxi-
mum use of available kidneys be-
cause it can drive old organs to
young recipients, who may out-
live them, and vice versa. The al-
location of other deceased-donor
organs, like hearts, livers and
lungs, was revised years ago to
account for factors like medical
urgency and expected survival
time.
Kidneys from older donors, or
those with certain health prob-
lems, are offered to candidates
who have registered as being
willing to consider them, but
there is no requirement to accept
them. That was one of many fac-
tors leading to the discard of
2,644 deceased-donor kidneys in
2011. 
The current system, the com-
mittee said in its proposal, “does
not recognize that all candidates
do not have the same ability to
survive the wait.” 
The new allocation plan seeks
to eliminate the worst mismatch-
es between donors and recipients
by directing the highest quality
kidneys to the candidates likely
to live the longest, said Dr. John
J. Friedewald, the committee’s
chairman and a transplant
the way time on the wait list is
measured for candidates on di-
alysis. Their time on the list
would start when they begin di-
alysis rather than when they sign
up for the transplant list. This is
expected to help those from un-
derserved groups who may not
receive good information early
about transplantation as an op-
tion. 
The proposal would also
amend the way priority is given
to candidates who are particular-
ly difficult to match with donor
kidneys because of their blood
types and biochemistry. In the
past, only the most difficult
matches received priority points
that moved them up the wait list.
Now those points will be awarded
on a sliding scale based on the de-
gree of difficulty in finding a via-
ble match.
The plan also, for the first time,
would allow candidates with
blood type B, who have the long-
est waiting times, to receive kid-
neys from donors from an ex-
panded group of blood types.
Kidney Transplant Committee Proposes Changes Aimed at Better Use of Donated Organs
Patients likely to live
the longest would get
the best of a supply.
A14
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
of the Jockey Club, an influential in-
dustry group.
Still, despite the concern that a drug
culture pervades America’s racetracks
— especially with the arrival of casinos
offering fattened purses — little atten-
tion has been paid to the veterinarians
who prescribe these medications. 
The American Association of Equine
Practitioners, the industry’s most influ-
ential veterinary group, acknowledges
that “to a very large extent” medical
treatments are geared toward when a
horse is racing, rather than toward
what might be in the horse’s best in-
terest. And while the group has worked
hard to make racing safer, it has made
scant progress in changing how race-
horse veterinarians earn their money.
“That’s a tough nut to crack,” said Dr.
Jeff Blea, the association’s vice presi-
dent. “You are talking about decades
and generations of the way things are
done.” 
One of New York State’s most promi-
nent racetrack veterinarians, Dr. James
C. Hunt Jr., made his loyalties clear in a
letter to regulators, arguing that train-
ers should not regularly have to reveal
medication regimens. 
“The veterinarians will honor this be-
cause the trainers are their real clients,
not the owners,” wrote Dr. Hunt, who
treated I’ll Have Another when the
horse was training for the Belmont
Stakes after winning this year’s Ken-
tucky Derby and Preakness Stakes. (He
was scratched on the eve of the race.) 
Dr. Hunt added, “The board must also
understand that trainers make nearly
100 percent of all veterinarian decisions
regarding the medication of their
horses.”
Dr. Blea strongly disagrees with this
approach. “You’ve got to remember,
you are the vet,” he said. 
While doping racehorses with banned
chemicals — for example, the potent se-
cretion of a type of South American frog
— is almost universally condemned, de-
bate continues over the safety of using
legal drugs that keep horses competing
by reducing pain and inflammation, as
well as therapeutic drugs like clenbute-
rol that can make horses run faster.
Racing regulators say overmedicat-
ing injured horses can contribute to fa-
tal breakdowns. On average, 24 horses
die each week at the nation’s state-
regulated racetracks, according to a
New York Times analysis of racing
records, reported in March. 
Even so, the belief that prescription
drugs are good for horses and for busi-
ness is reflected in the ubiquity of veter-
inarians at the racetrack. 
In the 1970s, only seven or eight vet-
erinarians used to cover two Southern
California racetracks. Today, California
officials say veterinarians’ vehicles are
so numerous on the backside that train-
ers complain they have trouble getting
their horses onto the track.
Few would dispute that the great ma-
jority of veterinarians and trainers care
deeply about their horses and are emo-
tionally devastated when they break
down and are euthanized. But the pres-
sure to perform— and win — is intense.
“I’ve had owners send their horses to
people they know are not playing by the
rules,” said Eric Reed, a Kentucky-
based trainer with more than $13 million
in career earnings. “If you can’t beat
them, join them.”
The Times reported that since 2009,
3,800 horses had tested positive for
drugs, the vast majority for illegal levels
of prescription drugs. (State rules speci-
fy allowable drug levels or how close to
race time a drug can be administered.)
Many veterinarians and trainers say
these test results are mistakes, not at-
tempts to cheat. Yet veterinarians who
may have played a role, inadvertent or
not, in the positive tests usually escape
serious scrutiny because of the trainer
responsibility rule, where trainers are
automatically held responsible, regard-
less of circumstance.
In the rare instances that veterinari-
ans are banned from racetracks for
breaking the rules, they can continue
practicing at private, unregulated train-
ing centers if state veterinary boards do
not suspend their licenses. 
This regulatory gap has allowed one
New York veterinarian to treat horses
at private centers despite a felony con-
viction for selling anabolic steroids to
weight-lifters and a history of violating
state rules on drugs in racing. 
While veterinarians provide invalu-
able services, “They push the envelope
to the limit,” Mr. Reed says, adding, “If
you got a good vet with ethics, you are
not going to do very well.”
A Drug Takes Hold
Long after every other major sport
had banned anabolic steroids for their
muscle-building effect, racetrack veteri-
narians continued to prescribe the
drugs, saying they would speed a
horse’s recovery from racing, stoke its
appetite and get it back into competi-
tion.
  Not everyone bought that explana-
tion. 
“When you look at the pattern of be-
havior and the quantities that they were
using, it’s hard to argue that the ster-
oids were for recovery,” said Matt F.
Iuliano, executive director of the Jockey
Club. “They were trying to do a whole
lot more than keep horses’ noses in the
feed bucket.” 
Racing banned steroids in 2010, but
another prescription drug — clenbute-
rol, brand name ventipulmin — could
also build muscle and act as a stimulant.
Darrell Haire, a regional manager for
the Jockeys’ Guild, told California rac-
ing officials that in morning workouts,
clenbuterol “moves a horse up at least a
second.” 
Clenbuterol is approved only to treat
respiratory disease, often caused by
poor air quality in barns, and many vet-
erinarians and trainers consider it high-
ly effective. But evidence of its wide-
spread abuse surfaced last year when
California authorities reported finding
the drug in all 72 quarter horses they
tested and in 54 percent of thorough-
breds. Even yearlings were getting the
drug to improve appearance and in-
crease sale price.
Clenbuterol became so popular that
in California sales totaled at least $7 mil-
lion annually. Illegal supplies of super-
potent clenbuterol, some smuggled in
from Mexico, began showing up at race-
tracks, according to California regula-
tors. 
Jack Van Berg, a Hall of Fame trainer,
said young horses “are all torn up”
when fed muscle-building drugs. “Clen-
buterol is one of the worst things that
happened to racing,” he told a forum on
drug use this year.
When not used as directed — in high
doses or from an illegal supplier — clen-
buterol has killed horses and caused a
host of health problems. 
The drug’s manufacturer, Boehringer
Ingelheim, says clenbuterol “should be
withdrawn” after 30 days. “Long term,
you start pushing a horse into the be-
ginning stages of heart failure,” ex-
plained Kenneth H. McKeever, associ-
ate director of research at the Rutgers
Equine Science Center. But many veter-
inarians do not follow this guideline,
treatment records show.
Scott Lake, a trainer who for many
years led the nation in wins, is an un-
abashed fan of clenbuterol. “I use a lot
of clenbuterol in horses,” he said in a
televised interview early this year, call-
ing it a good bronchodilator. He also
criticized regulators for giving trainers
“a black eye” for positive tests on clen-
buterol, since it is not an “exotic” drug.
Mr. Lake has been cited seven times in
four states for illegal levels of clenbute-
rol.
Because of clenbuterol abuse, several
states, including California, have re-
stricted its use. 
That will not stop horses from being
trained on it, and possibly benefiting
from it when racing. Dr. McKeever said
that while he has not seen any studies
showing how long the drug’s steroidal
effects last, anecdotally he believes
horses stay “muscled up for weeks af-
terward.”
The Treatment
Clenbuterol was one of the drugs that
concerned Ms. Kayne when it showed
up in $3,200 of veterinary bills that ar-
rived unexpectedly after her horse
Bourbon Bandit broke down and was
retired from racing.
“I have spent literally every day of
my life in the company of thorough-
breds,” Ms. Kayne said in an interview.
“I have no problem with racing big,
sound, healthy horses. I spent a lot of
time in Europe at racetracks and saw
the fruits of drug-free racing.”
The bills, she said, showed that a vet-
erinarian whom she had never met had
purchased clenbuterol without her ap-
proval. Wanting to know why, Ms.
Kayne wrote to the veterinarian. He
turned out to be Dr. Hunt, who has one
of New York’s biggest racetrack prac-
tices.
Dr. Hunt responded that all veteri-
nary procedures “were done so under
the instructions of your authorized
agent and trainer.”
Ms. Kayne said she had never given
her trainer, Bruce Levine, permission to
use clenbuterol.
 So she contacted Dr. Hunt again,
asking how the ailment had been diag-
nosed. He said another veterinarian, Dr.
Gregory J. Bennett, had performed an
endoscopic exam that found mild throat
inflammation and “mucous in the tra-
chea, signs consistent with inflamma-
tory airway disease.” 
Dr. Bennett, however, said his exams
were normal, according to a letter he
sent to Ms. Kayne.
The association of equine veterinari-
ans says treatments “should be based
upon a specific diagnosis and adminis-
tered in the context of a valid and trans-
parent owner-trainer-veterinarian rela-
tionship.” 
Dr. Bennett, who prescribed the pain
and anti-inflammatory drugs, said he
administers treatments generally at the
trainer’s request. “You may wish to con-
sult Bruce Levine about the injections
as these are part of his racing program
and are routinely done with all of his
horses,” he said.
Drs. Hunt and Bennett declined to be
interviewed, as did Mr. Levine. Dr. Hunt
is seeking payment of his bills through
arbitration, while Ms. Kayne has asked
the state’s racing commission and vet-
erinary board to investigate Bourbon
Bandit’s treatment. 
Gene and Eileen Hartis, horse owners
in Texas, also describe themselves as
“minimalist when it comes to medica-
tion.” “We were opposed to anything
that would mask an injury just so a
horse would run,” Mr. Hartis said. 
Their first bill from a California veter-
inarian was for $8,500 for just over three
months. Every horse they had sent to
their trainer was healthy, Mr. Hartis
said. Even so, the horses began receiv-
ing drugs without the owners’ permis-
sion “from the minute they got off the
trailer,” he said. Two horses received
clenbuterol on the same seven days, in-
voices show. 
The veterinarian, Dr. Keith Latson,
declined to comment. 
Dr. Rick Arthur, equine medical di-
rector for the California Horse Racing
Board, said veterinarians often find
themselves in an untenable position:
“The vet’s fiduciary responsibility is to
the owners, but it’s the trainers that hire
and fire them. Who are you going to be
beholden to?” What’s more, trainers
often know their horses better than vet-
erinarians do, because they spend more
time with them.     
Hong Kong, widely regarded as the
world’s safest, most tightly regulated
horse racing venue, operates different-
ly. Veterinarians are employed directly
by the Hong Kong Jockey Club, which
oversees racing and holds disciplinary
power.
Under this system, clenbuterol may
not be given unless a horse has been en-
doscopically examined within two days 
At the Track, Racing Economics and Veterinary Oath Collide
CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES 
Preparing for racetime at Indiana
Downs, top, includes tests for drugs
like clenbuterol. At left, Dr. Angela
Yates, a veterinarian for the Indiana
Horse Racing Commission, tried not
to scare the horses as she collected
urine samples at a private stable. 
From Page A1
Dara Miles, Laura Dodd and Rebecca
Teitel contributed reporting. 
BENJAMIN NORMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Articles in this series are examining per-
sistent problems in America’s horse rac-
ing industry. 
Breakdown
ONLINE:
A video, “The Lab Race,”
goes inside a sports science
laboratory in Lexington, Ky., that is at
the forefront of screening horses for
drugs. Also, more pictures, and previous
articles in the series:
nytimes.com/national
By JESS BIDGOOD
BOSTON — In a court appearance on
Friday, Dr. Richard Keller, the former
medical director at a prestigious Mas-
sachusetts prep school and a part-time
pediatrician at Boston Children’s Hospi-
tal, agreed to remain in jail pending a
trial on a single federal count of receiv-
ing child pornography. He has been in
jail since his arrest on Sept. 13.
Dr. Keller, 56, left the school, Phillips
Academy Andover, where he had
served as medical director for 19 years,
after his contract was not renewed last
year. The school cited a number of dis-
ciplinary episodes as a reason for not
extending the contract.
For his brief appearance on Friday in
Boston’s federal court, Dr. Keller ar-
rived looking somewhat disheveled,
with a faded brown T-shirt peeking out
beneath his prison-issue uniform. He
waived a probable-cause hearing and a
detention hearing on the charge against
him, averting the need for prosecutors
to immediately reveal further details.
But what is known so far about the al-
legations against him has raised point-
ed questions at the prominent institu-
tions on Dr. Keller’s résumé — espe-
cially at Phillips, the exclusive boarding
school commonly known as Andover,
where it is located.
Dr. Keller was arrested at his home
there during a search that prosecutors
say turned up some 500 photographs
and up to 100 DVDs containing child
pornography. Some of those DVDs, they
said, had been mailed to Andover’s Ish-
am Health Center, where Dr. Keller
oversaw health care for the school’s
1,100 students and taught a course on
sexual education, among other duties.
“Everyone knows who that is,” an
Andover senior said of Dr. Keller’s role
at the school as he stood near campus,
where a setting sun made its stately
brick buildings glow deep red and cast
shadows over students playing football
on a quad. The student requested ano-
nymity because the school has asked
students not to speak publicly about the
situation. 
Because most students live on cam-
pus, Andover’s community is a close-
knit one, said Lindsey Hildebrand, a
medical researcher who attended the
school from 2003 to 2007, during Dr. Kel-
ler’s tenure, and took his sex-ed course,
during which, she said, she noticed
nothing inappropriate.
“I remember he was always trying to
foster a more discussion-based atmos-
phere,” Ms. Hildebrand said. “It was a
once-a-week type thing; it was very laid
back — we’d bring cookies and things
like that.”
Ms. Hildebrand and other alumni re-
called that Dr. Keller would invite stu-
dents to join him for meals or late-night
food runs, but she said that was com-
monplace among faculty, some of whom
lived on the campus.
“There’s been a lot of chatter on Face-
book, most people being really sur-
prised and some people feeling be-
trayed because he was a pretty active
member of the campus community,”
Ms. Hildebrand said. “It was honestly
quite shocking.”
The arrest has also raised questions
among alumni and parents about the
four reprimands Dr. Keller received
during his tenure at the school, which
were detailed in a statement released
last week by the head of Phillips Acad-
emy, John Palfrey.
According to Mr. Palfrey’s statement,
Dr. Keller used a school computer to ac-
cess pornography involving adults in
1999; in 2002, he was reprimanded for
showing an “inappropriate cartoon” to
students. He was placed on administra-
tive probation in 2009 for “poor manage-
ment and poor judgment,” and in 2011 he
“sent an inappropriate voice-mail mes-
sage to a colleague.”
Comments about the arrest on the
Web site of The Phillipian, Andover’s
student newspaper, expressed conster-
nation that Dr. Keller had not been dis-
missed earlier, based on those inci-
dents, and called for further investiga-
tion.
Dr. Keller held roles at Boston Chil-
dren’s Hospital periodically since the
mid-1980s, serving most recently as a
half-time general endocrinologist who
performed four clinical sessions per
week. He was also a part-time instruc-
tor at Harvard Medical School. He was
placed on administrative leave from
both positions immediately after his ar-
rest and has signed an agreement with
the state’s medical registrar in which he
agreed to stop practicing medicine. 
The hospital said in a statement that
it received no complaints about Dr. Kel-
ler. 
Prosecutors are expected to deliver a
formal indictment within the next few
weeks. Dr. Keller could face up to 20
years in prison and a $250,000 fine.
Former Prep School Doctor in Child Pornography Case to Remain in Jail
N
A15
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
of the prescription, according to the
club’s executive director, William A. Na-
der. “Clinicians must report all findings
of clinical relevance in detail — accu-
rately and promptly,” he added.
A ‘Blind Spot’
It did not take long for word to circu-
late that a cheap, easily obtainable drug
might make horses run faster if admin-
istered close to race time. Better yet,
regulators might not suspect it. 
So on April Fools’ Day in 2011, train-
ers at harness tracks tried it on nine
racehorses. All finished in the money —
eight in first place, one in second. 
Over 12 days, with nearly $600,000 at
stake at harness tracks in New York
and Pennsylvania, 36 of 38 horses using
the drug finished first or second, with 31
winning their races.
Another surprise was the drug itself,
oxymetazoline, an ingredient in Afrin,
an over-the counter cold medicine. Oxy-
metazoline, which is not approved for
racing, stimulates a horse’s cardiovas-
cular system when administered in
large doses through an inhalation mask. 
Some of the doped horses shared
more than prize money. They also
shared certain veterinarians, including
Dr. Louis A. Grasso, according to New
York racing commission records.
In addition to his felony conviction for
selling steroids to weight-lifters, Dr.
Grasso lost his New York State racing li-
cense for giving drugs too close to race
time and signing blank scratch forms.
In 2000, Delaware authorities sus-
pected him of treating horses without a
license in the state, but when they tried
to arrest him, Dr. Grasso led the police
on a chase through the back roads of
New Castle County. When they finally
caught him, officers found needles, sy-
ringes and two banned drugs in his ve-
hicle. He eventually pleaded guilty to
resisting arrest.
Though New York’s Racing and Wa-
gering Board has stripped Dr. Grasso of
his license to practice at racetracks, it
has no authority over his activities else-
where. 
The racing board also referred his
conduct to the state’s veterinary board,
which could bar him from practicing
anywhere in the state. But it has not
done so, leaving Dr. Grasso free to work
at off-site training centers. 
What’s more, New York is not among
the few states that let regulators test for
illegal drugs at private training centers.
When the racing board tried to put in
place out-of-competition testing, a
horsemen’s group went to court in 2011
and stopped it. 
As a result, said Dr. George A. May-
lin, who directs the state’s testing pro-
gram, there is no effective way to detect
certain performance-enhancing drugs.
Horses can be doped at the training cen-
ters, then shipped to racetracks. “The
drugs are used days to weeks in ad-
vance, and positives will only be from
mistakes and dummies,” Dr. Maylin
said.
Indiana, which has one of the most
comprehensive out-of-competition pro-
grams, discovered last year that four
racehorses had been illegally given zil-
paterol, a bulking supplement for cattle.
Joe Gorajec, executive director of the
Indiana Horse Racing Commission, said
the racing industry’s failure to push
harder for out-of-competition testing
had created a major “blind spot.” 
Joseph S. Anderson, a trainer who
had five horses test positive for oxyme-
tazoline last year after the state began
testing for it after races, kept his horses
at one of the off-site training centers
where Dr. Grasso works, north of New
York City. Mr. Anderson told investiga-
tors that he bought his nebulizer mix
from his two veterinarians, one of them
Dr. Grasso, records show. The nebulizer
regimen “is a fairly regular one at the
barn,” Mr. Anderson said.
The trainer was suspended and fined.
Dr. Grasso remained beyond the reg-
ulators’ reach.
Dr. Grasso, in an interview, accused
regulators of having a vendetta against
him and his family. “Anything that goes
wrong with harness racing they point to
me,” he said. Afrin, he said, had long
been used for therapy in harness and
thoroughbred horses and had never be-
fore resulted in positive tests. 
While acknowledging past mistakes,
Dr. Grasso said he treats horses well.
“Veterinarians out in the field are out
there to help horses, not hurt them,” he
said. “We are probably the only ones
who have the horses’ well-being in
mind.”
After repeated questions from The
Times about its handling of Dr. Grasso’s
case, the state Education Department’s
Office of Professional Discipline, which
oversees the Veterinary Board, issued a
statement that said, in part, “We have
recently taken affirmative steps to have
the Racing and Wagering Board share
data following their review of racetrack
veterinary medicine practices.” 
State veterinary boards rarely dis-
cipline veterinarians who run afoul of
racing rules. In New York, only 2 of the
board’s 125 disciplinary actions over the
last 10 years involved racehorse veteri-
narians, a review by The Times found. 
“Losing a racing license is not a big
enough deterrent,” said Edward J. Mar-
tin, president of the Association of Rac-
ing Commissioners International, a
trade group. “We believe losing a veteri-
narian’s license is. This is a hole in the
regulatory scheme and needs to be
plugged.”
In Kentucky, Dr. Rodney J. Stewart’s
racing license was suspended in 2007 af-
ter he brought cobra venom, a banned
nerve-deadening agent, onto the
grounds of the Keeneland racetrack. Dr.
Stewart has retained his veterinary li-
cense.
In 2010, Dr. Phillip R. Kapraun kept
his Illinois veterinary license after he,
too, was fined for possessing snake ven-
om at Balmoral Park south of Chicago.
   
In an interview, Dr. Kapraun said he
had administered 20,000 doses of the
substance to horses over the years and
continued to do so at off-track facilities,
arguing that it heals tendon injuries
quickly and safely. He acknowledged
that a horse might benefit more from
months away from competing. “The
economics of horse racing does not al-
low for that. Horse racing is on the de-
cline. If a horse needed a year to heal
up, they would go to the killers up in
Canada or Mexico,” he said, referring to
slaughterhouse. 
Veterinary boards may be reluctant
to punish, said Dr. Larry R. Bramlage, a
prominent equine surgeon. “The state
regulatory board,” he said, “consists of
mostly inactive elements of the profes-
sion, and they don’t like to sit over one
of their own.”
And even if boards are inclined to dis-
cipline wayward practitioners, they
may not be informed of violations. Vet-
erinarians have raised objections to
having state boards review racetrack
practices, saying that their peers should
be able to review racetrack practices
first. 
A Change of Heart
Twenty years ago, a prosperous Cali-
fornia veterinarian, Dr. Gregory L. Fer-
raro, surprised his colleagues when he
publicly condemned a prescription drug
culture that he had helped create.
Six years later, he left a racetrack
practice with more than $2 million in an-
nual billings — mostly for drugs and
other treatments. 
“The last five years of my practice I
let two young associates take over that
aspect of my practice and I only wanted
to see the lame and the sick,” Dr. Ferra-
ro said. “I couldn’t stand it anymore.”
Dr. Ferraro, who now directs the
equine health program at the University
of California, Davis, remembers being
the first veterinarian at his track to use
a fiber-optic endoscope, a flexible tube
that could peek into a horse’s respira-
tory tract and easily spot small amounts
of blood. He conducted a study to see
how often endoscopes found blood. And
while the numbers were not large, he
said, a drug, furosemide, appeared to
help. 
Most regulators say furosemide, a di-
uretic sold under the trade name Salix,
enhances performance by flushing 20 to
30 pounds of water out of a horse. Now,
virtually all horses in the United States,
whether they need it or not, get a needle
filled with furosemide plunged into their
neck several hours before racing.
Dr. Ferraro found himself in the van-
guard of veterinarians advocating for
the wide use of furosemide and other
new therapeutic drugs, like phenylbuta-
zone, or “bute” used for inflammation
and pain. These drugs, he believed,
could make racing safer, more humane. 
But over time, he said, he came to re-
alize that veterinarians were using
drugs simply to keep horses racing, not
to treat their underlying conditions.
“There comes a time in every horse’s
career that you’ve got to stand up and
say, ‘That’s enough. We are endanger-
ing this horse,’”  Dr. Ferraro said.
“There are not a lot of veterinarians
willing to do that.” 
Racing authorities in Europe and
Hong Kong will not allow horses to com-
pete with any prescription drugs in
their bodies. In the United States, a
large group of veterinarians, trainers
and owners disagree strongly with that
stance. Furosemide has proved itself
safe, they say, and not using it might en-
danger a horse’s health. 
In July, Kent H. Stirling, chairman of
the medication committee of the Na-
tional Horsemen’s Benevolent and Pro-
tective Association, told a Congression-
al panel that horses in training benefit
from therapeutic medicine much as peo-
ple use aspirin to “ease sore muscles.” 
“We’re not like Europe, where horses
spend half the year in the pasture eat-
ing grass,” Mr. Stirling said in an in-
terview in March. “The owners want a
return on the investment and the train-
er needs to keep the horse as fit as he
can.” Mr. Stirling said that if a horse has
a nagging injury, it is “not fair to the
horse” if the trainer does not treat it. 
Dr. Mary Scollay, chief veterinarian
for the Kentucky Horse Racing Com-
mission, said bute and banamine, an-
other anti-inflammatory, are not the
same as aspirin and other over-the-
counter pain medicines. 
“These are drugs that you need to
have a prescription for and are more
powerful and given in larger doses than
what’s sold over the counter,” Dr. Scol-
lay said.
Tracy Farmer, a longtime breeder
and owner who is also vice chairman of
the Kentucky’s racing commission, said
the liberal use of prescription drugs has
harmed racing. “Look no further than
the number of contenders in this year’s
Kentucky Derby now sidelined by inju-
ry or already retired to stud,” Mr. Farm-
er said. 
This happens almost every year, he
added. “By the time the Breeders’ Cup
rolls around, most Triple Crown stars
are out of action, depriving the sport of
heroes like Seabiscuit and John Henry.” 
Dr. Ferraro says he and other veteri-
narians share the blame for turning
racehorses into commodities. 
“We took a beautiful, noble thing and
screwed it up,” he said. “Horses are too
good to put a price tag on. Some things
ought to be sacred.”
Where the Vet is Both Doctor and Drugstore
DRUG
CHARGED BY
DISTRIBUTORS *
CHARGED
BY VET
$201.61-$231.90    $270
Clenbuterol
Used to treat breathing problems. Used 
improperly, it can mimic anabolic steroids.
for 460 mL
$0.75-$0.80        $15
Dexamethasone
A potent synthetic corticosteroid; acts as 
an anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
for 5 mL
$1.15-$1.90         $28
Fluxinin
A very potent anti-inflammatory that acts 
quicker than phenylbutazone.
for 10 mL
$11.94-$13.50       $45
Methocarbamol
A muscle relaxant that can be used to 
relieve pain and calm an excitable horse.
for 30 mL
$1-$1.10           $15
Phenylbutazone
An anti-inflammatory used to control pain; 
can contribute to gastric ulcers.
for 10 mL
Veterinarians prescribe drugs, buy them from distributors, mark up the prices and sell 
them at a profit to horse owners. Below, the cost of five common drugs at supply 
stores compared with veterinarians’ bills.
THE NEW YORK TIMES
* The Times obtained quotes from four veterinary drug suppliers for these estimates.
NATHANIEL BROOKS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES 
“If a horse is sound, why does it need all these drugs?”
SUSAN KAYNE, who objected to all the drugs given her horse, Bourbon Bandit
From left, Dr. James C.
Hunt Jr., Dr. Gregory J.
Bennett and Bruce Le-
vine, a trainer, were all
involved in the treatment
of Susan Kayne’s race-
horse, Bourbon Bandit.
Dr. Louis A. Grasso, who
was stripped of his li-
cense to practice at race-
tracks by the New York
Racing and Wagering
Board, may still treat
horses in private stables.
Here, in a photograph
taken last year, Dr.
Grasso injected a horse at
the Golden Shoe stable in
upstate New York.
REBECCA TEITEL FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
SOUTHWEST
Texas: Four Get 15-Year Sentences
In Gang Rape of 11-Year-Old Girl
Four men who pleaded guilty to sexually assaulting
an 11-year-old girl in 2010 were sentenced Friday in a
Liberty courtroom to 15 years in prison. Timothy El-
lis, 20, his cousin Rayford Ellis Jr., 21, Kelvin King,
23, and Jared McPherson, 20, pleaded guilty this
month to aggravated sexual assault of a child in a
deal with prosecutors. All four are among 20 men
and boys from nearby Cleveland, a town about 45
miles northeast of Houston, who were charged with
sexually assaulting the girl at least four times. One
defendant went to trial and was convicted and sen-
tenced to 99 years in prison last month. 
(AP)
SOUTH
Florida: Republicans Oppose Justices
The state Republican Party is injecting itself into
State Supreme Court elections. The party’s execu-
tive board voted this week to oppose three justices
who are seeking new six-year terms, labeling them
“liberal” and “too extreme.” Gov. Rick Scott, a Re-
publican,would replace any of the justices who are
ousted. It is believed to be the first time that a politi-
cal party has taken an active role in urging the de-
feat of justices since Florida put in its current sys-
tem of judicial elections four decades ago. 
(AP)
NEW ENGLAND
Massachusetts: Christian College
Wins a Free 217-Acre Campus
The owners of a historic campus in the hills of west-
ern Massachusetts announced Friday that they
would give it to a Christian college from Phoenix.
The Northfield campus will be a new home for
Grand Canyon University, the first for-profit Chris-
tian school in the country. The other finalist, the
North American Mission Board of the Southern
Baptist Convention, backed out of the running. More
than 100 organizations, from culinary schools to TV
ministries, expressed interest in the free 217-acre
property along the Connecticut River, which its
owners value at about $20 million. Grand Canyon’s
financial strength, growth and vibrant Christian life
made it a great choice, said Steve Green, president
of the Oklahoma City-based Hobby Lobby craft
store chain, whose family owns the campus. It once
housed the Northfield Mount Hermon prep school,
founded by the 19th-century evangelist D.L. Moody.
The Greens bought it in 2009 and later offered to
give it away to a group that would honor Mr.
Moody’s commitment to traditional Christian teach-
ings. Grand Canyon has about 7,000 traditional stu-
dents and 40,000 online students.
(AP)
MIDWEST
Ohio: Bond Revocation Sought
For Defendants in Beard Cutting
Prosecutors have asked a judge to lock up the re-
maining nine defendants still free after their convic-
tions in beard- and hair-cutting attacks on fellow
Amish. Seven other defendants have been jailed
without bond since their arrests. In a motion filed
Friday in Cleveland federal court, prosecutors say
those out on bond have no likelihood of winning new
trials, so they deserve lockup before sentencing on
Jan. 24. With the defendants including six couples,
prison terms could leave up to 50 children with one
or both parents behind bars. 
(AP)
ROCKIES
Colorado: Shooting Scene Will Reopen
The company that owns and operates the Aurora
theater where a gunman killed 12 people and
wounded 58 others says it will reopen the venue. A
letter from Tim Warner, Cinemark president and
chief executive, to the city says the theater will be
reconfigured and ready to reopen by the beginning
of 2013. Mayor Steve Hogan asked Cinemark that
special provisions be made for a victim and survivor
visitation, memorials and a change to the outside
appearance of the building. Details of the changes
were not immediately available. 
(AP)
National Briefing 
A16
Ø
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By RONI CARYN RABIN
Amid fervid criticism that New
York City risks becoming a nan-
ny state, city health officials this
month banned the sale of su-
persize sugar-laden drinks in res-
taurants and movie theaters.
Now scientists have handed the
ban’s advocates a potent weap-
on: strong evidence that replac-
ing sugared drinks with sugar-
free substitutes or water  really
can slow weight gain in children. 
Two-thirds of all American
adults and one-third of children
in the United States are over-
weight or obese. The contribution
of sugary sodas and fruit drinks
to this epidemic has been hotly
disputed. But two new random-
ized clinical trials published on
Friday in The New England Jour-
nal of Medicine lend credence to
the idea that limiting access to
these beverages may help reduce
obesity. 
Beverage industry officials de-
nounced the research, which may
fuel wider efforts to curb con-
sumption through taxes or other
restrictions.
In one of the new trials, re-
searchers at Boston Children’s
Hospital  randomly assigned 224
overweight or obese teenagers to
receive home deliveries of bottled
water and diet drinks for one
year. The children also were reg-
ularly encouraged to avoid sug-
ary drinks. Those who received
the shipments gained only 3.5
pounds on average during that
year, while a comparison group
of similar teenagers  gained 7.7
pounds. The differences between
the groups evaporated after the
deliveries stopped. 
In the second trial, researchers
at VU University Amsterdam
randomly assigned 641 normal-
weight schoolchildren ages 4 to 11
to drink eight  ounces of a 104-
calorie sugar-sweetened or non-
caloric sugar-free fruit-flavored
drink every day from identical
cans.Over 18 months, children in
the sugar-free group gained 13.9
pounds on average, while those
drinking the sugar-added version
gained 16.2 pounds.
“So many things are driving
obesity that changing any one
thing is not going to reverse the
problem, but these studies sug-
gest soda is a pretty darn good
place to start,” said Kelly Brow-
nell,director of the Rudd Center
for Food Policy and Obesity at
Yale. He is an author of an edito-
rial accompanying the studies
that argues that the government
should more aggressively regu-
late food industry practices.
“Just think what the impact
would be if you could create a
public policy that would have the
same effect as their intervention,
but on millions of people,” he
said.
Officials with the American
Beverage Association, the trade
association for makers of nonal-
coholic beverages, criticized the
studies, saying that obesity is not
caused by a single food or bever-
age  and that sugar-sweetened
beverages make up an estimated
7 percent of the calories in a typi-
cal American diet.
Industry representatives also
pointed out that the intervention
in the two-year Boston study did
not produce lasting changes in
habits or body composition once
it ended.
But Dr. David S. Ludwig,the
director of the New Balance
Foundation Obesity Prevention
Center at Boston Children’s and
the study’s senior author, said
the finding only underscored the
need for public policy changes. 
“It suggests that if we want
long-term changes in body
weight, we will need to make
long-term, permanent changes in
the environment for children,” he
said.
The effectiveness of such
changes may vary by ethnic
group, Dr. Ludwig and his col-
leagues found. Hispanic children
responded more strongly than
non-Hispanics to the switch to
sugar-free beverages, gaining
less than a pound on average by
the end of the second year in the
Boston trial, while Hispanics in
the comparison group gained
more than 20 pounds on average.
Dr. Ludwig said that this analy-
sis must be interpreted with cau-
tion because the Hispanic sub-
group was very small, but that it
may suggest a greater sensitivity
to carbohydrates in the diet
among Hispanics in the United
States, who have high rates of di-
abetes.
The Dutch study was double-
blinded, meaning neither the re-
searchers nor the children knew
whether they were given sugar-
sweetened or sugar-free drinks.
Dr. Martijn B. Katan, emeritus
professor of nutrition at VU Uni-
versity Amsterdam, developed
fruit-flavored drinks that con-
tained either sugar or noncaloric
artificial sweeteners in identical
cans.
A weakness of this study was
that one-quarter of the children
dropped out before its conclu-
sion.But the children who were
assigned to drink the sugar-free
beverages not only gained less
weight over the course of the 18-
month study, they also had less
body fat and thinner skin folds.
“When you change the intake
of liquid calories, you don’t get
the effect that you get when you
skip breakfast and then compen-
sate with a larger lunch,” Dr.
Katan said. “You skip the sugary
drink and never notice it, which
means that this is a less painful
way of losing weight.”
Still, Dr. Katan and others
warned that studies need to ex-
amine how consumers react to
policies restricting access to
sweetened drinks,because such
policies could have unintended
consequences.Taxing soft drinks
could result in consumers’ buy-
ing fewer fruits and vegetables so
they can afford soft drinks, he
suggested.
Both clinical trials have limita-
tions,but they are unusual in that
they demonstrate the effect of a
single behavioral change on
weight gain, said Dr. Seema
Kumar,a pediatric endocrinolo-
gist at the Mayo Clinic Children’s
Center. “Typically when you do a
weight loss intervention, we talk
about multiple aspects,changing
food choices, portion sizes, fre-
quency of snacks, types of
snacks,” she said.
Still, she added, curbing soda
consumption “is not a magic pill.” 
The studies were presented on
Friday at the annual scientific
meeting of the Obesity Society in
San Antonio. 
ANDREW BURTON/REUTERS
Benjamin Lesczynski, 8, protested limits in New York, but new studies tend to support the idea.
Avoiding Sugared Drinks Limits Weight Gain in Two Studies
Teenagers gained less
with home delivery of
water and diet drinks.
rants, shows and museums, part
of a battle plan recommended to
the city in a report by the Insti-
tute of Transportation Studies at
the University of California, Los
Angeles.
“Threats that it’s going to be
bumper to bumper are going to
be taken as empty threats: peo-
ple experienced what happened
last time and saw that wasn’t the
case,” said Martin Wachs, a sen-
ior researcher at the RAND Cor-
poration and one of the authors
of the report. “So the most log-
ical thing to do is appeal to their
sense of cooperation and their
willingness to make a contribu-
tion to a cooperative good rather
than threatening them with a
disaster that is not likely to hap-
pen.”
Still, city officials remain ner-
vous that what they headed off
last time is waiting up the high-
way, that the 500,000 motorists
who use the 405 every weekend
will be lulled into complacency
by last year’s nonevent.
“What we are trying to point
out is that the reason we had no
big deal last summer is every-
body stayed home,” said Zev
Yaroslavsky, a member of the
county Board of Supervisors.
“It’s more complicated this
time.”
“I think Angelenos realize how
high the stakes are and the role
they can play against the traffic
nightmare,” he said.
Kajon Cermak, a traffic report-
er for KCRW radio in Santa Mon-
ica, said Carmageddon II “is a
nonissue” for most people.
“There’s a laissez-faire atti-
tude that might come back and
bite us,” Ms. Cermak said.
“There’s a lot of talk of people
crying wolf. Everybody is not
taking it as seriously.”
There are reasons to think
that this year’s closing has even
higher risks than the last one.
Carmageddon I was in mid-July,
when many people are out of
town and Los Angeles operates
in a lower gear. This one is at the
end of September, when most
people are back at work or in
school and the city is in full
swing. On the Saturday night of
Carmageddon II, Plácido Domin-
go is performing in “The Two
Foscari” at the Los Angeles
Opera, and the following evening
Wilco is at the Hollywood Bowl.
Last year, the highway opened
17 hours earlier than scheduled
when contractors beat their own
deadline. Transportation officials
say that will be almost impossi-
ble this time because the scope
of work is greater. As part of the
project to add car pool lanes to
the 405, two bridge columns
must be removed: only one was
removed last time. “We are not
lowballing it,” the mayor said
It is hard not to sympathize
with the frustration of city offi-
cials trying to figure out how to
deal with it this time. “We have
to plan for the worst,” Mr. Villa-
raigosa said. Even as Mr. Wachs
said he thought the city would
escape once again, he did not
rule out the worst-case situation.
“If everyone reacts by saying
that these were false claims last
time and just jumps on the road,
it could be a disaster,” he said.
“It could be a nightmare.”
Mr. Yaroslavsky said he
thought that in the end “there
will probably be a little more
traffic than there was in July of
2011.”’
“People have more obligations
in September,” he said. “One
thing about Angelenos, if they
are experts at nothing else, they
are experts at traffic.” 
Los Angeles
Prepares
For Closing
Of Highway
From Page A12
JIM WILSON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The space shuttle Endeavour, atop a 747, passed over the Golden Gate Bridge on Friday en route to Los Angeles and its new home at the California Science Center.
The Final Leg of a Final Flight
N
A17
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
M
ILAN
The pale outlines of Japan were all there, but Miuc-
cia Prada insisted that she hadn’t started there. Design-
ers don’t like to be too explicit. Backstage, she was talk-
ing to reporters about dreams, nostalgia, toughness. The
words blew away.
Down a narrow flight of stairs to the prin-
cipal dressing area, a mess of girls, still in crim-
son lip makeup and Guido Palau baby bee-
hives, talked loudly and laughed with the crew
before they moved on; outside Prada’s head-
quarters, dozens of young people were waiting
to ambush them, to demand photos and auto-
graphs, all those intense, giddy faces melting into one big
crush.
What would they think of those red lips?
“The key to the lips was they were about twice the
actual size,” said the show’s makeup artist, Pat McGrath.
She used CoverGirl’s Lip Perfection, a shade called Hot,
and filled in the cupid’s bow with white to bring out the
lips, and to relate to the illustration effect of the show’s
white-etched flowers on black or bottle-green silk. Eye
shadow and mascara was scaled back. “It was all about
the sexy, passionate mouth,” Ms. McGrath said.
In one way or another, the best of the spring collec-
tions are drawing a bull’s eye around sex: Marc Jacobs.
Narciso Rodriguez. Tom Ford. Christopher Kane. Now
Prada. Pull my daisy, indeed.
Ever the bookworm, Ms. Prada took two historical
modes — 1960s minimalism and traditional Japanese
dress —and collapsed them into shapes that looked com-
pletely new. This collection seemed more thought-out
than some of her recent ones, with a greater feeling of
true design and less archival heaviness.
While Ms. Prada may not have started with Japa-
nese culture, as she claimed, the kimono and obi were
nonetheless persistent shadows in the sash-tied skirts
and boxy coats, and later in the off-the-shoulder satin
evening coats and flat-folded hems. 
Her ’60s references were the austere, dowdier ones:
Jackie Kennedy in black couture silk for a visit to the
Vatican rather than Twiggy stick figures. But, again, it
was how Ms. Prada broke down these shapes and recom-
bined them that made this collection relevant.
One is tempted to say it will sell like hot cakes. In
part, that’s because Ms. Prada offered a wide variety of
shapes and hemlines, despite a concise framework, and
because the flowers never got bor-
ing. She did them as spindly stems,
as if drawn; as large satin appli-
qués (a bit like cockades); and as
girlish wallpaper blooms on old-
girl, straight-line fur coats. And for
that trendy, bankable Prada touch, there were flower-
etched bags and kid-leather socks in pink, white or gold
with beefed-up Japanese sandals.
Veronica Etro also looked eastward, for kimono
jackets and judo-style pants, and for a hint of asymmetry
that ran through her lush show on Friday. But the real
Oriental flavor and sense of sophistication came from the
prints. They were all hand-painted: flowers, birds and
butterflies, rich in blues, greens and deep reds, and
swirled at times like vintage paisley.
For a broad-gauge company, MaxMara has been far
more adventurous in recent seasons than maybe has
been acknowledged. Some of the bolder moves have
been with so-called technical fabrics that bring ease or
lightness; other differences can be found in the silhou-
ette: an unexpected poof of volume at the back of a dress.
The spring collection was also a little gold mine of
For more Milan Fashion
Week coverage, including
slide shows on and off the run-
way, blog posts and street style
videos, visit
nytimes.com/fashion
ONLINE:MORE FROM ITALY
GIUSEPPE ARESU/ASSOCIATED PRESS 
Blowing
A Kiss
Toward
Asia
PRADA
A fur coat inset with flowers,
an appliquéd linen bag and
kid-leather socks, right. Below
from left: a flowered mink
coat; the flowered back of a
satin stole; a mink stole over a
satin dress; a silk top etched
with blooms over slim shorts.
MAXMARA
A pencil skirt
with three dis-
tinct panels and
a blouson top. 
VERSACE
A tie-dye silk tunic and
tap pants, left; Right,
leather tap pants with
leather lace trim. 
ETRO
A kimono jacket
in a scroll pattern,
over loose 
trousers. 
PHOTOGRAPHS BY ANTONIO CALANNI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
PHOTOGRAPHS BY LUCA BRUNO/ASSOCIATED PRESS
creativity aimed at looking sporty, and yet not like every-
one else.
For starters, the safari-themed jackets and khaki
jumpsuits reflected not a style so much as the freedom to
use those motifs in a less predictable way. A slim skirt
blended a leopard-print panel with floral and gray Madras
panels; the striped knit T-top came with a parachute-silk
back. Soft, blouson jackets with zip-off hoods were also
open to interpretation. With the sleeves bunched up, worn
with a pencil skirt, they could be sexy. As a hoodie, they
affected a different attitude. Either way, you didn’t shed
your soul.
When it comes to sex and raunchy glamour, the
house of Versace has been flogged for more offensive
things than a slutty dress. So why should one object to the
skimpy lingerie outfits and tie-dyed silk tunics on Do-
natella Versace’s spring runway? If some of these “out-
fits” weighed more than a few ounces, it would be surpris-
ing. They would certainly fit in the models’ party
purses.
For a designer, Ms. Versace said afterward, the
ability to change is important. Freed of the house’s
forms, these body-skimming dresses and lace-inset
leather pieces openly seek a new customer, one who
apparently is eager to escape obvious luxury trap-
pings.
That’s an interesting idea. But while some
of the clothes, like crinkled silk dresses and
slashed crepe tunics, may be made well,
they don’t look it. That may not mat-
ter to a woman who wants essen-
tially nothing next to her body,
but at some point Ms. Versace
may have to show that it’s
worth the name.
FASHION
CATHY
HORYN
FASHION
REVIEW
Milan Collections 
Etro, MaxMara,
Prada, Versace
ANTONIO CALANNI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A18
ØØ
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By ARIEL KAMINER
NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. — It has been two
years since Tyler Clementi, a gay freshman at
Rutgers University, committed suicide after
learning that his roommate had ridiculed his
sexuality and invited friends to spy on him and
another man through a webcam. That terrible
episode brought the school national attention,
none of it welcome: previously known as a large
and diverse state school, Rutgers became asso-
ciated with homophobia and cruelty. 
But today, gay, lesbian, bisexual and trans-
gender students and their supporters can
choose from four specialized housing options,
three of them new, ranging from a service to pair
them with like-minded roommates to Rainbow
Perspectives, a floor in a residence hall or-
ganized around common interests. They can
now turn for support to the 130 staff and faculty
members who have been trained as official cam-
pus liaisons, or to the graduates of a new train-
ing program for “allies,” whose inaugural ses-
sion is already booked to capacity. This year’s
edition of a handbook that lists campus re-
sources for “queer issues” is 92 pages long. 
And this week, Campus Pride, an organ-
ization that rates schools based on the inclu-
siveness of their policies, upgraded Rutgers’s
main campus in New Brunswick to the maxi-
mum rating, five stars. Out of the 32 possible cat-
egories in which a school can distinguish itself,
Rutgers scored in 31. 
Rutgers has a long history of inclusiveness;
when the Rutgers Homophile League was
founded in 1969, for example, it was only the sec-
ond such student group in the nation. But since
Mr. Clementi’s death on Sept. 22, 2010, the uni-
versity has increased its efforts, propelled by a
vocal campus community, an energetic adminis-
trator and an urgent need for damage control.
Even some of the students have been star-
tled by the strength of Rutgers’s embrace. 
In 2011, shortly before the start of her first
year at Rutgers, Nicole Margolies was talking
with a housing supervisor when she blurted out:
“I’m transgender, and I don’t know what to do
about it. Where do I go?” Nick, as the student is
now known, feared he might not even be allowed
on campus. Instead, he said, when he got there
the name on his dorm room door was up-to-date.
His professors addressed him as “he.” And no
one made him feel it was anything other than
normal. 
“Boom,” he said. “Mind blown.”
At the center of all this activity is Jenny
Kurtz, the head of the Rutgers Center for Social
Justice Education and L.G.B.T. Communities.
Speaking in mile-a-minute uptalk, she sounds
like an especially caffeinated undergraduate.
But with her blonde bob, oversize dark glasses
and stacked heels, she looks more like a junior
Hollywood agent and stands out easily on a laid-
back campus of baseball hats and jeans. 
Ms. Kurtz said one of the big priorities of
her job was to “create allies” — people whose
identities do not correspond to any of the initials
in her portfolio, but who consider themselves
friendly to the cause or causes and want to learn
more about how to help. 
That effort, which as with the center’s other
projects comes out of a discretionary budget of
$70,000 this year (up from $40,500 the year be-
fore Mr. Clementi died), seems to be wildly suc-
cessful. In addition to those oversubscribed 
Below, Robert S. Goopio,
second from left, the
president of Rutgers’s
chapter of Delta Lambda
Phi, a predominantly gay
fraternity, with other fra-
ternity members. “The
culture might have been
different a few years
ago,” Mr. Goopio said.
Since Suicide, 
More Resources 
For Transgender 
And Gay Students
PHOTOGRAPHS BY YANA PASKOVA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Rutgers, Tainted by Spying Case, Adds Housing Options and Other Services
Continued on Page A20
She is a retired New York City correc-
tion officer with a job at a security firm.
He is a convicted drug dealer from
Brooklyn who has admitted and denied
— in that order — cutting off a stran-
ger’s head with a chain saw. 
Nobody said marriage was
easy. 
But Fatimah Emmanuel,
49, has shown remarkable
stand-by-your-man loyalty to
her husband, Shaborn Em-
manuel, 53. Their union was tested for
the umpteenth time in May, when he
was denied parole. 
“He’s very intelligent,” Ms. Emman-
uel said. “He’s very kindhearted.”
She first knew him as a teenager in
the late 1970s in Bedford-Stuyvesant,
Brooklyn. Looking back, there was not
any reason to predict they would end up
together. 
Mr. Emmanuel, who was also called
Louis then, and who has also been
called Lord Shahborn, made himself a
one-stop destination for drug addicts on
Madison Street. He not only sold drugs,
he had “a shooting gallery,” he recalled
in a telephone interview from prison re-
cently. “Where the people come to get
high. They buy the dope, heroin. They
buy needles.” 
As a young woman, Ms. Emmanuel
joined the military, and later, took all the
civil-service tests she could find for jobs
in law enforcement. “I passed all the
tests,” she said. She took a job with the
New York City Department of Correc-
tion in 1988 and spent most of her 20
years on the job at Rikers Island. 
The man she would later marry
moved to South Carolina in the late
1980s. “I was selling drugs,” he told the
parole board in May. He was convicted
in federal court on drug charges in the
mid-1990s and has been in prison for 19
years. 
Ms. Emmanuel would not go into any
detail about how she came to reconnect
with Mr. Emmanuel, who did not serve
time at Rikers. She married him in an
Islamic ceremony 10 years ago, she
said, and took his name. She asked that
her maiden name be withheld because
of the sensitivity of her work, where she
is better known by that name. 
It would seem hard for a man who
has been locked away since the early
1990s to drop a bombshell on his wife,
but he did, in a telephone call last year. 
“He said something like, ‘They’re
telling me I cut off somebody’s head,’”
Ms. Emmanuel recalled. “And I’m
laughing. He’s like, ‘Why are you laugh-
ing?’ I said, ‘Because you’re joking.’
“He said, ‘I’m not joking.’ I was
speechless. I was horrified. He’s like,
‘Are you still there?’”
On Dec. 10, 1987, a decapitated body
was found behind an elementary school
in Bedford-Stuyvesant. It was later
identified as Gregory Ross, 28, an addict
from the Bronx. 
Officers interviewed drug-addled wit-
nesses in a drug den across the street,
but did not get far. Mr. Emmanuel was
an early person of interest, but it is un-
clear whether he was interviewed. A
short time later, he moved south. 
The police reopened the case a few
years ago. Detectives tracked down re-
covering addicts who had been in the
area; many said Mr. Emmanuel had
killed Mr. Ross. Mr. Emmanuel had lost
drugs in a robbery, the police said, and
when his supplier demanded money or
the head of the thief in return, he
grabbed a random man off a street in
the Bronx and provided the latter. 
He was extradited to New York City,
where last year he pleaded guilty to
manslaughter, a reduced charge proba-
bly brought about by concern among
prosecutors as to how the former ad-
dicts would stand up at trial. He was
sentenced to two to six years. It was a
bit surprising, then, to hear what he had
to say to the parole board six months
later: “I didn’t kill him.”
“Why did you plead guilty?” a com-
missioner asked. 
“Because I wanted to go home to my
wife and kids.” He thought that would
happen more quickly if he pleaded
guilty, he said. 
This was all news to his lawyer, Philip
Smallman. “All I can tell you is he en-
tered a plea of guilty and he took re-
sponsibility for the death of that individ-
ual in that incident,” he said. 
His wife believes the second version.
“I’m not saying this because he’s my
husband,” she said. “I know he didn’t do
it.” 
The detective who arrested him, Mi-
chael Prate, said, “He absolutely did it.” 
It should be noted that Mr. Emman-
uel also tried, unsuccessfully, to with-
draw his guilty plea in the drug case. 
If backing off the manslaughter plea
was a legal tactic, Mr. Emmanuel did
himself no favors. In denying his parole,
the commissioners gave a list of rea-
sons, including his failure to own up to
his crime. 
Marriage
Survives
A Decapitation 
MICHAEL
WILSON 
CRIME
SCENE 
E-mail: crimescene@nytimes.com 
Twitter: @mwilsonnyt 
A husband, locked up 
for years, drops a
bombshell on his wife.
By RAYMOND HERNANDEZ
Since taking office last year, Gov. An-
drew M. Cuomo has done many things
well, positioning himself for a possible
presidential run. 
He has challenged — and outmaneu-
vered — Albany’s wily Legislature. He
has kept his once-notorious temper
from spilling over. He has built a prodi-
gious fund-raising operation and earned
poll numbers that are the envy of gover-
nors nationwide.
But now Mr. Cuomo, a man who likes
to determine his own destiny, faces a
variable beyond his control: Hillary
Rodham Clinton. 
Creating frustration for his inner cir-
cle, as Mr. Cuomo considers a 2016 cam-
paign for the White House, the eyes of
his party are fixed on Mrs. Clinton,
whose already sky-high stature among
Democratic activists was enhanced by
her husband’s crowd-pleasing speech
this month at the party’s convention in
Charlotte, N.C., and who can count on
broad support if she decides to run. 
Mrs. Clinton complicates Mr. Cuo-
mo’s ambitions in several ways. Despite
the fact that she hails from Illinois, she
is now viewed as a New Yorker and
commands deep loyalty from the state’s
Democratic establishment. And Mr.
Cuomo, 54, reveres her husband, former
President Bill Clinton; he views Mr.
Clinton as a mentor who helped him be-
gin a career in politics, according to
Cuomo friends and associates. 
The focus on Mrs. Clinton among Mr.
Cuomo’s advisers was apparent during
the Democratic convention. At one
point, a key adviser to the governor ap-
proached the Rev. Al Sharpton to ask
him if he would support Mrs. Clinton
were she to run in 2016, according to a
prominent New York Democrat with di-
rect knowledge of the conversation.
“They are totally trying to figure out
what she would do,” said the Democrat,
who like others interviewed for this arti-
cle spoke on the condition of anonymity
to avoid alienating Mr. Cuomo.
Another Democrat close to Mr. Cuo-
mo said the situation was making the
Cuomo camp cranky, in part because
the governor, a skilled strategic thinker,
did not like to be captive to others’ am-
bitions. 
And a top fund-raiser for Mr. Cuomo
put it this way: “He’s got a former first
lady and former New York senator in
his sandbox, and that’s a mess for him.
He’s got to wait and see what Hillary
will do.”
Mrs. Clinton, 64, served as a senator
for eight years before resigning to be-
come President Obama’s secretary of
state.
Neither she nor Mr. Cuomo has sig-
naled any plans for the 2016 election,
and the governor says he is focused on
his current job. (Mrs. Clinton is not ex-
pected to stay in her cabinet post if Mr.
Obama wins a second term.) But the po-
tential collision between them is grip-
ping the political world in New York.
“In terms of the psychodrama of poli-
tics, it does not get any better than this,”
the Democrat close to Mr. Cuomo said. 
While Mr. Cuomo has deep affection
for Mr. Clinton and calls him for advice,
his relationship with Mrs. Clinton is less
personal. 
What is most vexing to those who
want to see Mr. Cuomo run is that Mrs.
Clinton, given her popularity in the par-
ty, can take her time deciding whether
to make another bid for the presidency,
essentially freezing the rest of the Dem-
ocratic field.
Mr. Cuomo, in private conversations,
has often been frank about his own pro-
spective presidential candidacy. “First,
I’ve got to figure out what Hillary is do-
ing,” he says, according to an adviser.
A Cuomo spokesman denied that Mr.
Cuomo had said any such thing and in-
sisted that the governor was not posi-
tioning himself for a presidential run.
In the weeks leading up to the con-
vention, Mr. Cuomo, who served as the
nation’s housing secretary under Presi-
dent Clinton, turned down offers from
old associates of his father, former Gov.
Mario M. Cuomo, and former colleagues
from the federal housing department to
talk quietly about his presidential pros-
pects, as other prominent Democrats,
like Gov. Martin O’Malley of Maryland,
began planting the seeds for possible
candidacies, according to a close Cuomo
adviser.
Among those yearning for a Cuomo
presidential campaign in 2016, a divide
has emerged: some suggest that if Mrs.
Clinton ran, the governor’s loyalty to
Mr. Clinton would prevent him from
joining the field. 
But others reject the notion that Mrs.
Clinton poses a serious obstacle to Mr.
Cuomo, saying she is enjoying a politi-
cal honeymoon right now but still has
many of the weaknesses that plagued
her in the past, including a polarizing
image.
By contrast, they say, Mr. Cuomo is a
fresh face whom Democratic officials,
donors and activists will naturally want
to court — provided that he wins re-
election in 2014, when Mrs. Clinton will
most likely be out of a job in politics.
POLITICAL MEMO 
For Ambitious Governor, a Clinton Stands in the Way
NATHANIEL BROOKS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Some who want Gov. Andrew Cuo-
mo to run for president in 2016 say
he may not if Hillary Clinton does.
Cuomo, considering a
bid for the White House,
awaits a decision by 
the secretary of state.
Ø
N
A19
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By PETER APPLEBOME
Worried Democrats are pour-
ing resources into a seemingly
deadlocked United States Senate
race in Connecticut — a race that
began on almost no one’s list of
elections that could decide con-
trol of the chamber.
But the contest, between Linda
E. McMahon and Representative
Christopher S. Murphy, has be-
come a high-stakes and high-dol-
lar brawl increasingly focused
not on policy issues but on per-
sonal ones, with both candidates
fending off embarrassing lines of
inquiry.
Ms. McMahon, a Republican
and former chief executive of
World Wrestling Entertainment,
hurriedly announced on Thurs-
day night she would pay off indi-
vidual former creditors after The
Day of New London unearthed
details of her 1976 bankruptcy,
which has become part of a cam-
paign theme of overcoming hard
times. The court filing showed
that she and her husband, Vince,
walked away from almost $1 mil-
lion in debt to 26 creditors, much
of which was never repaid. (The
debts were discharged in the
bankruptcy, so she has no legal
obligation to repay them.)
Mr. Murphy, a Democrat large-
ly unknown outside of his Con-
gressional district in northwest-
ern Connecticut, has been on the
defensive for most of the race,
most recently for a continuing
string of disclosures about his
personal finances. The most
damaging have been about a 2007
foreclosure action for missing
mortgage payments on a house
in Cheshire and a 2003 lawsuit for
nonpayment of rent on an apart-
ment in Southington.
Ms. McMahon’s campaign has
demanded that Mr. Murphy re-
lease loan records and has
charged that he received prefer-
ential treatment from Webster
Bank, a campaign contributor,
when it converted an existing
second mortgage into a $43,000
home equity credit line in 2008. 
“Congressman Murphy has
spent two weeks in cover-up
mode, but you can only cover up
so much dishonesty,” Corry Bliss,
Ms. McMahon’s campaign man-
ager, said. 
Webster Bank has said there
was nothing unusual in the trans-
action and demanded a retrac-
tion. 
The McMahons themselves
were more than a month and a
half late in paying the first half of
their annual $54,110 property tax
payment on their 3,900-square-
foot penthouse duplex at Trump
Parc Tower in Stamford. The
year’s bill was paid in full on Fri-
day, according to the Stamford
tax office. Ms. McMahon’s cam-
paign said no bill had arrived un-
til Sept. 13.
One difference between the
campaigns remains Ms. McMa-
hon’s ability to flood the airwaves
with seemingly limitless adver-
tising that was first intended to
soften her image, and that now
batters Mr. Murphy daily.
Between her 2010 campaign
against Richard Blumenthal and
the current race, she has spent
more personal wealth — about
$70 million — to win a Senate seat
than anyone in history. The ques-
tion now is whether this race will
be a rerun or end differently from
2010, when she spent $50 million
against Mr. Blumenthal and still
lost by 12 percentage points. Both
sides this time expect a much
closer vote.
Ms. McMahon’s aggressive
campaign, and polls showing a
tight race, led the Democratic
Senatorial Campaign Committee,
which had hoped to avoid spend-
ing money in Connecticut, to
make two purchases of advertis-
ing, $320,000 each, this month.
Democrats also brought in a new
press person for Mr. Murphy’s
campaign, and the campaign
changed advertising companies.
“Murphy has had the political
equivalent of the 82nd Airborne
parachuted into Connecticut,”
said Chris Healy, former chair-
man of the Connecticut Repub-
lican Party and now a political
consultant.
Ms. McMahon has outspent
Mr. Murphy and Democratic
groups on television advertising
by about five to one. But Senator
Blumenthal said the Murphy
campaign did not have to match
her spending.
“He won’t need the tens of mil-
lions his opponent will spend,”
Mr. Blumenthal said. “All he
needs is enough to set the record
straight.”
In recent weeks, the Murphy
campaign and the Democratic
Party have tried to remind voters
of World Wrestling Entertain-
ment’s sometimes seamy history,
something the company has tried
to scrub from the Internet: in one
video, necrophilia was simulated,
and in another, Mr. McMahon or-
dered a female performer to get
down on her knees and bark like
a dog. The company says the ma-
terial does not reflect its current
G and PG content.
And the Murphy campaign has
tried to use the bankruptcy reve-
lations to blunt Ms. McMahon’s
plain-folks story of overcoming
hard times.
“Shouldn’t she have paid back
the people she owed money to be-
fore going out and purchasing a
power boat she named the ‘Sexy
Bitch,’ a Vegas condo, a Boca con-
do, two Bentleys and an Aston
Martin, three motorcycles, a $7
million Greenwich mansion and
much, much more with her hun-
dreds of millions of dollars?” the
Murphy campaign said in a state-
ment Friday.
Still to come are debates. Mr.
Murphy has agreed to nine, Ms.
McMahon to four.
Also uncertain is how much the
presidential race could affect the
election. A Quinnipiac University
poll in August showed President
Obama leading by only 7 percent-
age points in a state he won by 22
points in 2008. A poll by the Uni-
versity of Connecticut and The
Hartford Courant  released this
week showed his lead at 21
points. Analysts say a huge Oba-
ma victory in the state could
make it much harder for Ms. Mc-
Mahon to buck that tide.
Her campaign says the race is
about jobs in Connecticut,not
about presidential politics. This
week she tried to distance herself
from Mitt Romney’s controver-
sial remarks about the nearly
half of Americans who do not pay
income taxes.
“I know that the vast majority
of those who rely on government
are not in that situation because
they want to be,” Ms. McMahon
said in a statement.
But Democrats said that with
control of the Senate at stake,
there was nothing in her back-
ground that indicated she dis-
agreed with her party on this or
other issues.
“She’s desperately trying to
distance herself from it, but Lin-
da McMahon has embraced the
Romney agenda and the Romney
worldview,” said Matt Canter, a
spokesman for the Democratic
Senatorial Campaign Committee.
JESSICA HILL/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Christopher S. Murphy’s candidacy is getting a little money from the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee to make him more competitive against Linda E. McMahon, a wealthy Republican. 
U.S. Senate Race in Connecticut Devolves Into Attacks on Personal Finances
Campaigns contend
with disclosures about
a bankruptcy and a
home foreclosure. 
CHRISTOPHER CAPOZZIELLO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
By WENDY RUDERMAN
and PATRICK McGEEHAN
The monorail glided through
the hilly and leafy Bronx Zoo as
riders settled in Friday afternoon
to enjoy a close-up view of 43
wooded acres, hoping to glimpse
antelopes, rhinoceroses, ele-
phants and other exotic Asian an-
imals.
On the last day of summer,
with the crisp air warmed by the
late-afternoon sun, a 25-year-old
rider waited until the Wild Asia
Monorail was alongside the tiger
habitat and then he leapt from
the last rail car, clearing a 16-foot-
high protective fence, according
to zoo officials. 
At about 3:25 p.m., the man,
David Villalobos of Mahopac,
N.Y., landed inside the tiger en-
closure, where he was suddenly
alone with Bachuta, an 11-year-
old male Siberian tiger weighing
400 pounds, officials said. Bach-
uta attacked him, leaving “punc-
ture wounds” on his arms, legs,
shoulder and head, but did not
appear to have clamped its jaws
onto the man’s head or neck, as
tigers are wont to do, said James
Breheny, the zoo’s director.
The police said Mr. Villalobos
also suffered a broken arm and a
broken leg; he was in serious
condition late Friday night at Ja-
cobi Medical Center, the police
said. 
Frank Dwyer, a spokesman for
the Fire Department, said the at-
tack also caused “severe deep
cuts” to the man’s back.
As Mr. Villalobos lay bleeding,
zoo workers rushed to help him,
shooing the tiger off with blasts
from a fire extinguisher, Mr. Bre-
heny said. After the tiger backed
away, the man was told to roll un-
der an electrified wire to safety.
“The keepers were able to call
the tiger into its off-exhibit hold-
ing area and safely secured the
animal,” Mr. Breheny said, add-
ing that the man was conscious
and talking when he was trans-
ported to the hospital by ambu-
lance. He said the animal would
be treated as usual because “the
tiger did nothing wrong.”
Mr. Breheny said he did not
know what motive Mr. Villalobos
had for making the leap. He said
it was the first time in the 35
years the monorail has operated
that a passenger had jumped
from it into an animal area. 
“We honestly think we were
providing a safe experience,” he
said.
At about 6:30 p.m., a woman
who answered the phone at Mr.
Villalobos’s home and identified
herself as a relative said the fam-
ily had just learned of the attack
and was too distraught to talk.
Mr. Villalobos’s Facebook page
is filled with tributes to nature
and images of tigers and other
wild animals. One picture of
wolves carries     the caption:
“Love the animals. God has given
them the rudiments of thought
and joy untroubled. Don’t trouble
it, don’t harass them, don’t de-
prive them of their happiness.”
Man Mauled After Leaping Into Tiger Habitat at Bronx Zoo
Daniel Krieger and Andy New-
man contributed reporting. 
By J. DAVID GOODMAN
Five months after unveiling
plans for a huge indoor cycling
field house for Brooklyn Bridge
Park, to be paid for with the larg-
est donation pledged in the histo-
ry of New York City parks, back-
ers are revising its design amid
criticism from community
groups.
New plans for the field house
described this week include ele-
vating the track, a centerpiece
and the condition of a promised
$40 million gift, so that its banked
walls sit eight feet above the
main floor, and reducing the
number of permanent spectator
seats by more than half, to 1,200.
“It’s a work in progress,” said
Maureen R. Connelly, a spokes-
woman for Joshua P. Rechnitz,
who made the pledge in April.
Since then, some civic groups
have grumbled about the 200-
meter velodrome and the overall
size of the field house, a 115,000-
square-foot building that would
sit near Pier 5.
“How are they going to handle
traffic, and more importantly,
where is the parking?” said Joan
Zimmerman, president of the
Fulton Ferry Landing Associa-
tion and an outspoken critic of
the plan.
In announcing the changes, the
corporation formed by Mr. Rech-
nitz to back his project, New York
City Fieldhouse Inc., sought to
play up portions of the project
dedicated to athletic endeavors
familiar to residents of Brooklyn,
like basketball and yoga, and to
play down the centrality of track
cycling to the plan. Absent from
its statement on Thursday was
any mention of the word “velo-
drome.” 
“Velodrome is the name of the
track,” Ms. Connelly said by way
of explanation. “We’ve always
said the cycling track is a dis-
tinctive feature of this facility, but
not the only one.”
Among the other uses suggest-
ed in the latest plans, she said,
are summer camps for children,
athletics space for nearby public
and private schools, and recre-
ational space for a wide variety of
sports and activities including
basketball, volleyball, double
Dutch, graduations and commu-
nity fairs.
Lifting the velodrome would
add 3,000 more square feet of
space for those activities, for a to-
tal of 25,000 square feet. Concep-
tual designs are not set to be re-
leased until the late fall.
For Anton Marchand, who
runs a girls’ basketball league in
Fort Greene, the new building
would be welcome. “It’s a place
that would be great for us,” he
said of the field house. “There
just aren’t many facilities in
Brooklyn to use.”
But local critics of the plan did
not appear greatly placated by
the design changes. 
“None of the questions that
were most important to the com-
munity were answered,” said Ms.
Zimmerman, who worried about
the footprint of the building, its
long-term financial viability and
the impact on local traffic. “Once
the building is up, it’s up for dec-
ades to come.”
Mr. Rechnitz, a cyclist and the
grandson of philanthropists, de-
clined to be interviewed and has
not made public appearances to
discuss the field house plan.
He does, however, appear in
the October issue of Forbes mag-
azine, where his large gift landed
him a spot among a list of “phi-
lanthropy’s next generation.”
RUBY WASHINGTON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
A $40 million gift would finance a field house in Brooklyn
Bridge Park on a site now occupied by a storage building, above.
Cycling Building Would Have
More Space for Other Sports
By ISABELLA MOSCHEN
South Korean tourists come to
New York to cruise to the top of
the Empire State Building and
wander through the exhibitions
at the Museum of Modern Art.
But another must-do activity is a
little less expected: a visit to
Think Coffee. 
Tucked away on an airy stretch
of Mercer Street in Manhattan,
this coffee shop attracts a pre-
dictable crowd of locals and New
York University students in need
of their daily jolt. But it also beck-
ons South Korean visitors on a
pilgrimage to see a place spot-
lighted on one of their country’s
most popular TV programs.
That was back in 2009, when
entertainers from the variety
show “Infinite Challenge” ar-
rived at Think Coffee’s marble
countertop. As part of a New
York-themed episode, their mis-
sion was clear: order a compli-
cated espresso drink in English,
as any Manhattanite would. At
the height of rush hour, each took
his turn stumbling over pronunci-
ation and making jokes. Per-
plexed bystanders stared at
these men in their eye-catching
attire — a polka dot tie, a bowler
hat or a fire-engine-red suit — all
while the cameras whirred. 
Whether it was the foreign aes-
thetic of the shop’s décor; the ba-
ristas, who had no idea what was
happening; or simply the fact
that “Infinite Challenge” chose to
feature this coffee shop out of all
the coffee shops in New York,
Think Coffee has left a lasting im-
pression on South Koreans, who
cannot seem to get enough of the
place. 
On a recent bright afternoon,
Bongsup Kim, 29, looked around
the entrance of Think Coffee,
which has five branches in Lower
Manhattan. With a camera dan-
gling from each shoulder, he got
in line to order an iced coffee and
snapped photographs of his sur-
roundings as he waited.
“Many people know this Think
Coffee,” said Mr. Kim, who lives
in Seoul. It was his first time vis-
iting the shop, and although he
confessed that he did not actually
like the taste of coffee, he wanted
to check it out after seeing it on
“Infinite Challenge.”
“The TV show is very special
in Korea,” he said, adding that he
watched it “every week.” 
On another morning, two
South Korean visitors took pho-
tos inside the coffee shop with
their iPhones. They explained
that, to them, Think Coffee repre-
sented “high culture.”
“Like TriBeCa,” said one of the
visitors, Ja Sook Lee. “Or maybe
the East Village.” And, they add-
ed, there is a social message, too. 
When the first Think Coffee
opened on Mercer Street in 2006,
it was a place to linger over a ro-
bust house blend and feel virtu-
ous doing it. The shop gave 10
percent of its proceeds to local
charities and soon began using
biodegradable cups. Its organic
coffee was fair trade, a certifica-
tion system meant to ensure that
farmers and laborers in develop-
ing countries toil in proper work-
ing conditions and get decent
wages. 
Perhaps that is why the pro-
ducer of “Infinite Challenge”
took an interest in Think Coffee
in the first place. The largely un-
scripted program blends slap-
stick antics with what fans under-
stand to be a deeper social com-
mentary.
Shortly after the episode was
broadcast, interest in the shop
exploded from South Korea.
Think Coffee’s owner, Jason
Scherr, 46, said he had received
more than 30 e-mails from South
Korean companies seeking to
open a branch in Seoul. He and
his partners were concerned
about the challenges of quality
control. But eventually they
found a suitable partner and li-
censed their brand to a company
called Seoul Food. 
Seoul Food then went to work
recreating the feel of the New
York stores: hardwood floors,
chalkboard menus mounted on
the walls, smooth countertops
and exposed brick. Ah Young
Suh, the representative director
of Think Coffee in South Korea,
said that South Koreans longed
for the “Manhattan lifestyle.”
And now, with three locations
open in Seoul and plans for a
fourth in the works, South Kore-
ans do not have to travel so far to
get it. 
But travel they do. Though it
fluctuates seasonally, a tour
group of 40 to 60 South Koreans
usually piles into the Think Cof-
fee on Mercer Street once a
week. The visitors often order
complicated drinks — just like on
the TV show — much to the baris-
tas’ chagrin. 
“If 50 people all order espresso
drinks in 10 minutes, there’s no
way we can make them all in time
for them to catch a bus,” said Mi-
chael Crowder, a barista. “Once, a
couple of ladies got left behind
and they had to call the bus driv-
er.”
Dave Beck, a former Think
Coffee barista, happened to be
working behind the counter on
the day the episode was filmed.
He is also a folk-rock musician, so
Seoul Food invited him to play at
their launch party for the first
Think Coffee, on a rooftop in
Seoul last year.
“Dave was quite the celebrity,”
Mr. Scherr recalled. 
Now, these fans will have a lit-
tle bit more of the Think Coffee
experience: Mr. Beck said he was
moving to South Korea to play his
music, write and teach English. 
Featured on South Korean TV, a Coffee Shop Becomes a Tourist Attraction
TINA FINEBERG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Daegeon Ryu, left, who lives in New Jersey, and his friend Sookyung Kim, who was visiting from
Seoul, visited Think Coffee in Greenwich Village last week. The shop has become a destination
for South Korean tourists since it was featured on a popular television show in their country.
A20
N
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
training programs, she said she
could not even print up “ally” la-
pel pins fast enough; as soon as
she sets out a thousand, people
snatch them up and ask for more. 
But beyond gay and transgen-
der students themselves, and the
concentric circle of those who ac-
tively position themselves as al-
lies, it is not clear how far the
center’s message has gotten. Ms.
Kurtz said she had yet to meet
anyone who was less than sup-
portive. 
But Rutgers is, after all, a uni-
versity of 59,000 students across
several campuses. 
Stefan Koekemoer, a medieval
studies major who graduated last
year, said he heard numerous
homophobic slurs over the years.
“I almost followed these two
dudes because they were snick-
ering and pointing” at a gay
friend, he said. 
Mr. Koekemoer, who is hetero-
sexual, said he himself was some-
times called an antigay slur, even
during classes. 
Robert S. Goopio, the president
of Rutgers’s chapter of Delta
Lambda Phi, a predominantly
gay fraternity, said “the culture
might have been different a few
years ago.” Since Mr. Clementi’s
death, he speculated, “a lot of
people who might be homophobic
probably won’t say so because of
the consequences they can see
can happen.” 
Some of that change may also
reflect events that have occurred
in a remarkable span in the histo-
ry of American sexuality. Two
years ago, President Obama had
not yet endorsed same-sex mar-
riage and New York State had not
yet legalized it (New Jersey still
has civil unions). The military’s
“don’t ask, don’t tell” policy had
not yet been repealed, and the
Army had not yet promoted an
openly lesbian general. 
And Dharun Ravi, the student
who spied on Mr. Clementi, had
not been convicted of invasion of
privacy and bias intimidation,
though his 30-day jail sentence
was criticized by some gay-rights
advocates as too lenient.
In just that short span, being a
gay college student may have
come to mean something slightly,
but crucially, different than it did
when Mr. Clementi arrived on
campus.
“I’m from South Jersey, and
it’s a rather homophobic area,”
said Andrew Massaro, a junior
and a Delta Lambda Phi brother.
“But when I got here I realized
word is spreading, and it’s
spreading fast.” 
The result is a university
where, some students say, the
presence of highly visible gay,
lesbian, bisexual and transgen-
der students has become just a
basic and unexceptional part of
campus life. 
Rainbow Perspectives includes
not just students who, because of
their sexual or gender identity,
felt out of place in a traditional
dorm. It also includes heterosex-
ual students who like the compa-
ny. 
So Jeff Thomas, a junior, lives
there with his girlfriend — which
would be against the rules in a
traditional dormitory, where stu-
dents can room only with those of
the same legal gender. And Nick
Margolies, now a sophomore,
lives there with a male roommate
— which also would be against
the rules for the same reason.
Delta Lambda Phi now has both
its first transgender member and
its first straight member. 
Leonard Haas, a fellow frater-
nity member, said he once heard
a homophobic taunt at Rutgers as
he walked down the street hold-
ing another man’s hand. But be-
cause Mr. Haas felt so comfort-
able as a gay man at Rutgers, and
because that stray comment was
so much at odds with the warm
reception he had otherwise re-
ceived, he shrugged it off. 
“I’m happy,” he said, “I’m in a
good place, it doesn’t matter.”
Since Suicide, More Resources at Rutgers for Transgender and Gay Students
From Page A18
RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The New Gibbons dormitory at Rutgers includes Rainbow Perspectives, a floor for residents who want to explore more diversity.
A university recently
tied to homophobia
builds on a history 
of inclusiveness.
News and
conversa-
tion from the
five boroughs:
nytimes.com/cityroom
City Room
HARTFORD (AP) — One of
four East Haven police officers
arrested on civil rights charges
pleaded guilty on Friday to using
unreasonable force during an ar-
rest. 
Sgt. John Miller, former presi-
dent of the East Haven police un-
ion, pleaded guilty in Federal Dis-
trict Court here to violating a per-
son’s civil rights by using unrea-
sonable force, prosecutors said.
Sergeant Miller admitted that on
Jan. 3, 2010, he struck a hand-
cuffed person who was in the cus-
tody of two other town officers,
authorities said.
“The conduct of this officer, in
striking a defenseless individual,
is abhorrent,” David Fein, the
United States attorney for Con-
necticut, said. “This case re-
minds us that no one is above the
law. This police officer abused his
authority and violated the civil
rights of a person he is sworn to
protect. Such conduct will never
be tolerated.”
Sergeant Miller, 43, was one of
four officers charged in January
with using unreasonable force
and conspiracy against rights.
Authorities said that the officers
assaulted people who were hand-
cuffed; unlawfully searched Lati-
no businesses; and harassed and
intimidated people, including wit-
nesses and other officers who
tried to investigate.
Prosecutors said that the offi-
cers had targeted Latinos,
though Sergeant Miller’s lawyer
noted that the allegation against
his client did not involve mis-
treating any minorities. 
The charges against the other
three officers are pending. They
have pleaded not guilty.
The conspiracy charge against
Sergeant  Miller will be dis-
missed, and the prosecution and
defense will recommend that he
be spared prison time when he is
sentenced, as long as he contin-
ues to comply with a cooperation
agreement with the government.
He is scheduled to be sentenced
in February. 
Sergeant Miller is on adminis-
trative leave from the Police De-
partment. His lawyer, Donald
Cretella, said,“Soon he will be
able to get on with his life, but to-
day is a very difficult time for the
Miller family and a very sad day
for the East Haven Police De-
partment.”
Connecticut Police Officer
Admits Assaulting Prisoner
Buses of visitors, 
all pilgrims and all
asking for espresso,
strain the baristas.
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
Ø
N
A21
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Forty years ago, long before
the recent afternoon when Dr. Jo-
seph Dutkowsky knelt at the
warped feet of his 4-year-old pa-
tient, he was a small-town teen-
ager approaching his
Catholic confirma-
tion and needing to
select a patron saint.
He made an unlikely
choice, a newly can-
onized figure, St.
Martin de Porres, the illegitimate
child of a former black slave in
16th-century Peru. 
Back then, in the early 1970s,
as the child of a factory worker
and a homemaker, Joseph had no
aspiration toward medicine. Nor
did he know that Martin de
Porres had been elevated to
sainthood in part because of his
healing miracles.
Decades later, something —
call it coincidence, call it provi-
dence — has bent the vectors of
faith and science together in the
career of Dr. Dutkowsky. The
confluence of these often-clash-
ing ideals has taken him to the
top of his profession as an ortho-
pedic surgeon specializing in the
care of children disabled from ce-
rebral palsy, spina bifida, Down
syndrome and other afflictions. It
has also taken him to the healing
shrine of Lourdes and to the
Lima barrio where his patron
saint tended to the poor and bro-
ken and cast out.
Dr. Dutkowsky’s appointment
with Christian, his young patient
at NewYork-Presbyterian/Co-
lumbia hospital in New York, was
as emblematic as any other on
his calendar: cerebral palsy at
birth, canted legs that could not
be corrected by braces, muscle
tissue softened by Botox injec-
tions, and each foot placed in a
cast for several weeks to try to
reshape it for stable walking. 
“This is my ministry,” said Dr.
Dutkowsky, 56. “Some people
stand next to the ocean to feel the
presence of God. I get to see the
likeness of God every day. I see
children with some amazing de-
formities. But God doesn’t make
mistakes. So they are the image.”
Dr. Dutkowsky is well aware
that he occupies contested terri-
tory, both intellectually and theo-
logically. He can say, as he does,
that he considers both belief and
reason to be divine gifts. And he
can say, as he does, that a healing
miracle can consist of restoring a
person’s soul to God, not neces-
sarily curing a disease or reviv-
ing a paralyzed limb.
Words, though, have rarely set-
tled the millenniums-old argu-
ments between sacred and secu-
lar, particularly as they pertain to
medicine. So Dr. Dutkowsky
mostly lives his example.Once
chastised by a hospital superior
for saying “God bless you” to his
patients, he wears a wooden
cross carved by a disabled man
in Lima, he fingers a rosary as he
drives to the hospital each week
from his home in upstate New
York, and he recites a prayer to
the Holy Spirit by Cardinal Mer-
cier as he parks the car and pre-
pares to see his patients. “Only
show me,” it concludes, “what is
your will.”
Dr. Dutkowsky has found his
place working in a zone where
medical challenge and religious
mystery intersect. He treats peo-
ple — even those who have
grown into adulthood — who
were visited with disability as
children. When he operates on
them, he recognizes that he is, at
least in the short term, adding
pain to a life saturated with pain.
A purely secular physician,
someone who accepts the con-
cept of a capricious and random
universe, would not face the
question that a believer like Dr.
Dutkowsky did when he saw an
adult patient named Mike late
last month. Here was a man in
his 30s who, despite a case of ce-
rebral palsy that had consigned
him to a wheelchair, earned a
master’s degree and held a social
work job. What kind of God
would then allow this man to de-
velop retinitis pigmentosa and
gradually lose his sight?
As with the 4-year-old boy, Dr.
Dutkowsky began his session
with Mike on the floor, at the pa-
tient’s feet, looking less the ex-
pert than the supplicant. He
swiveled his head and propped
his chin on his palm to keep his
face within Mike’s shrinking field
of vision. He was, by choice, “Dr.
Joe.”
Before turning to anything di-
agnostic, Dr. Dutkowsky spoke to
Mike person to person, chatting
about the Baseball Hall of Fame,
joking about how he mows the
lawn to reduce stress. “My psy-
chiatrist,” he said, “is named
John Deere.” Only then did he ex-
amine Mike’s legs and discuss a
regimen of conditioning and
strengthening exercises to return
some mobility to them.
“We have a culture that’s ad-
dicted to perfection,” Dr. Dutkow-
sky said later. “We’re willing to
spend thousands of dollars to
achieve it. The people I care for
are imperfect. And I can’t make
them perfect. I only hope that
they can sense that I actually
care they’re more than skin and
bones, that we have a bond.”
Dr. Dutkowsky has made ef-
forts to bridge the chasm be-
tween science and spirit. As pres-
ident of the American Academy
for Cerebral Palsy and Develop-
mental Medicine, he had the Rev.
David Farrell, a Catholic priest
who has worked among Peru’s
poor since 1964, address the
group’s convention last year on
the topic of “Poverty and Dis-
ability.” That same year, on his
third pilgrimage to Lourdes, Dr.
Dutkowsky took part in a confer-
ence on faith and medicine, deliv-
ering a speech he titled “Dignity
and Disability.”
He took the occasion to wrestle
with the ontological question em-
bodied by the unmerited suffer-
ing of patients like Mike and
Christian.
“For years, when asked why I
chose this profession, I had no
good answer,” he said, “until I
came upon the first chapter of the
Gospel of John. Jesus and his dis-
ciples come upon a man who was
blind from birth. The disciples
asked Jesus, ‘Did this man or his
parents sin that he was born
blind?’ Jesus answered that the
blindness was not the result of
the man or his parents’ sin. The
man was born blind ‘so the glory
of God might be revealed.’ Every
day in my work I find myself in
the revealed glory of God.”
A Doctor’s Ministry, 
Bridging Science and Spirit
E-mail: sgf1@columbia.edu.
SAMUEL G.
FREEDMAN 
ON
RELIGION 
In children with
disabilities, ‘I get to
see the likeness of
God every day.’ 
MARCUS YAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Dr. Joseph Dutkowsky, an orthopedic surgeon in New York specializing in the care of children,
occupies contested territory, both intellectually and theologically, at the top of his profession.
Sept. 21, 2012
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Lottery Numbers 
By BENJAMIN WEISER
A federal judge in Brooklyn de-
clined to revoke bail on Friday for
former State Senator Pedro
Espada Jr., who was accused by
prosecutors this week of siphon-
ing additional money from a non-
profit group that he had been
convicted of stealing from. 
Mr. Espada, 58, a Democrat
from the Bronx who has been
free on bond pending sentencing,
was convicted in May of stealing
hundreds of thousands of dollars
from the Soundview Healthcare
Network. He founded the organ-
ization and served as its chief ex-
ecutive. 
The United States attorney’s
office in Brooklyn this week
charged in a letter to the judge,
Frederic Block of Federal District
Court, that Mr. Espada had
stayed involved in directing
Soundview’s affairs after his con-
viction, a violation of bail condi-
tions the judge had set. 
In the letter, dated Tuesday,
prosecutors said that Soundview,
in June, sold its medical equip-
ment and the right to assume its
lease in the Bronx to another
group for $600,000, which repre-
sented Soundview’s last remain-
ing assets. Then, on June 29, one
of Mr. Espada’s sons, Alejandro,
who had taken over as Sound-
view’s chief executive, distribut-
ed more than $350,000 of that
money to Mr. Espada and two of
his sons, companies the family
controlled and Mr. Espada’s law-
yers, prosecutors said. On Friday,
Judge Block asked for further
court submissions and made it
clear that he wanted to know
more about how Soundview had
decided to distribute the money,
whether Mr. Espada had played a
role and whether there had been
any violation of the bail condi-
tions. 
“I agree with you, this thing
has an odor to it,” the judge said.
Mr. Espada’s lawyer, Susan R.
Necheles, argued in a filing that
the facts did not show that Mr.
Espada had remained “directly
involved” in Soundview’s affairs,
which was what the bail condi-
tions prohibited. 
A prosecutor, Carolyn Pokorny,
said in court that there was “very
strong circumstantial evidence”
that Mr. Espada “was pulling the
strings.” She added: “Have you
ever seen a victim pay the
thief?” 
Mr. Espada, speaking later out-
side the courthouse, said of the
prosecutors: “They lied. They
came to court with a bag of lies,
and thanks to Justice Block,
we’re going home with a victory
today.” 
Prosecutors had no comment.
Mr. Espada also faces a federal
tax evasion trial in November in
Manhattan.
Espada Still Free on Bail,
Despite New Accusations
KIRSTEN LUCE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Former State Senator Pedro Espada Jr. before his bail revocation hearing in Brooklyn on Friday. He was convicted in May of theft.
By JOHN LELAND
The long and colorful battle be-
tween the National Arts Club and
its eccentric former president, O.
Aldon James Jr., reached a new
phase on Friday, as the state at-
torney general sued Mr. James
for more than $2 million, charg-
ing that he misused the club’s
money and real estate for his own
benefit. 
The dispute has generated two
continuing lawsuits by Mr. James
against the club and lurid accusa-
tions on both sides, including rev-
elations of compulsive hoarding
by Mr. James and his identical
twin brother, which their lawyers
have described as private and
embarrassing. 
Gerald L. Shargel, a lawyer for
Mr. James, denied all accusations
and attributed the new suit to
pressure applied by Mr. James’s
opponents. “They boasted of
their connection to the attorney
general’s office,” Mr. Shargel
said. 
The office said it would not
comment on this assertion. 
Mr. James was ousted as club
president last year. His member-
ship hangs on a pending court ac-
tion, and he has an apartment at
the club, though he does not live
in it. 
On Friday, a former board
member, Cherry Provost, said
that she applauded the new suit
but that it did not go far enough.
“I would still like to see them
handcuffed,” she said, referring
to Mr. James; his twin, John; and
a family friend and lawyer, Ste-
ven U. Leitner, who has been on
the giving or receiving end of
much of the rancor. 
“This is a travesty,” Ms. Pro-
vost added. “Some poor jerk with
no money would be locked up.”
The attorney general’s suit fol-
lows an 18-month investigation
into the final five years of Mr.
James’s 25-year tenure as a club
officer or president. According to
documents recently given to The
New York Times, the matter
seemed to be headed for a settle-
ment in July, as did a criminal in-
vestigation by the Manhattan dis-
trict attorney’s
office, until Mr.
James at the
last minute re-
jected the
agreements.
In the new
suit, the attor-
ney general,
Eric T. Schnei-
derman,
charges that
Mr. James used a “unique mix-
ture of charm, intimidation, se-
crecy and deception” to obtain
“nearly absolute control” over
the club, and that he used his
power to take possession of nu-
merous apartments, offices and
hotel-style “transient” rooms in
the club’s Gramercy Park man-
sion and adjoining residential
building. The suit also says the
James brothers filled their rooms
with mountains of hoarded an-
tiques, clothes and other artifacts
until they became uninhabitable. 
The suit says that this use of
real estate has cost the club
$1.5 million in lost rentals since
2006 and that Mr. James, though
serving without a salary, lived a
lavish life at the club’s expense,
spending $250,000 of its money
on flea market purchases, trans-
portation, meals at the club and
other personal uses. Money re-
covered in the suit will go to the
club. 
The suit also says that Mr.
James unlawfully transferred
$274,000 from a restricted fellow-
ship fund to pay for restoration
work on the club’s facade. 
Mr. Shargel, speaking for Mr.
James, denied all charges and
said the club’s board knew and
approved of the uses of club prop-
erty. “In 25 years, he never put a
dollar in his pocket,” he said. 
The attorney general’s office
also reached an agreement with
the club for reforms, prompted
by the investigation into Mr.
James, eliminating below-market
leases and placing term limits on
officers and board members.
Dianne Bernhard, who replaced
Mr. James as president, agreed
to step down and leave the board
when her term ends next year. 
“The club recognizes that this
is a good thing,” said Roland Rio-
pelle, a lawyer for the club. 
In plea agreements offered in
July, the attorney general’s office
offered to settle with the James
brothers and Mr. Leitner for $1
million. In addition, the district
attorney’s office agreed to let Mr.
James, a bird lover, plead guilty
to five misdemeanor charges of
abandonment of animals, rather
than more serious charges, in a
March 2011 episode in which
finches belonging to Mr. James
had been found dead or dying in
Gramercy Park. Mr. James re-
jected both of those deals.
In an interview afterward, he
said he was prepared to take his
chances in court rather than
plead guilty, adding: “I don’t be-
lieve in miracles. I depend on
them.” Of his opponents, he said,
“These divas — if that’s all they
have to think about, this is like a
sitcom.”
On Friday, spokesmen for the
district attorney said that the of-
fice would leave the prosecution
of Mr. James’s financial practices
to the attorney general but would
not comment whether it planned
to indict Mr. James over the
finches. 
One of Mr. James’s lawyers,
the civil rights lawyer Elizabeth
M. Fink, said she planned to fight
the club’s actions against Mr.
James, framing them as an effort
by wealthy conservatives to re-
make the club “so it has no poli-
tics, no social justice, no nothing.”
Speaking to a reporter over the
summer,with Mr. James, she
said, “He’s a 1 percent, too, but he
acts like a 99 percent.”
She added, “What you have
here is a coup.”
“Cuckoo,” Mr. James said. 
Attorney General Sues Club’s Ex-Leader for $2 Million, Citing Misuse of Its Money
O. Aldon
James Jr. 
More legal trouble for
the ousted president of
an elite organization.
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EDITORIALS/LETTERS
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
On quote approval: An Adelphi
communications professor says the
practice isn’t new, and goes beyond
corporations and politicians.
nytimes.com/opinion
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS 
This is how voter intimidation worked in 1966:White
teenagers in Americus,Ga., harassed black citizens in line
to vote, and the police refused to intervene. Black planta-
tion workers in Mississippi  had to vote in plantation
stores,overseen by their bosses. Black voters in Choctaw
County,Ala., had to hand their ballots directly to white
election officials for inspection.
This is how it works today: In an ostensible hunt for
voter fraud, a Tea Party group, True the Vote,descends on
a largely minority precinct and combs the registration
records for the slightest misspelling or address error.It
uses this information to challenge voters at the polls, and
though almost every challenge is baseless, the arguments
and delays frustrate those in line and reduce turnout.
The thing that’s different from the days of overt dis-
crimination is the phony pretext of combating voter fraud.
Voter identity fraud is all but nonexistent, but the asser-
tion that it might exist is used as an excuse to reduce the
political rights of minorities, the poor, students, older
Americans and other groups that tend to vote Democratic.
In The Times on Monday,Stephanie Saul described
how the plan works. True the Vote grew out of a Tea Party
group in Texas,the King Street Patriots,with the assist-
ance of Americans for Prosperity,a group founded by the
Koch brothers that works to elect conservative Republi-
cans.It has developed its own software to check voter reg-
istration lists against driver’s license and property
records. Those kinds of database matches are notoriously
unreliable because names and addresses are often slightly
different in various databases, but the group uses this
technique to challenge more voters.
In 2009 and 2010, for example, the group focused on
the Houston Congressional district represented by Sheila
Jackson Lee,a black Democrat. After poring over the
records for five months, True the Vote came up with a list
of 500 names it considered suspicious  and challenged
them with election authorities. Officials put these voters
on “suspense,” requiring additional proof of address, but
in most cases voters had simply changed addresses. That
didn’t stop the group from sending dozens of white “poll
watchers” to precincts in the district during the 2010 elec-
tions, deliberately creating friction with black voters.
On the day of the recall election of Gov. Scott Walker
of Wisconsin, the group used inaccurate lists to slow down
student voting at Lawrence University in Appleton with
intrusive identity checks. Three election “observers,” in-
cluding one from True the Vote,were so disruptive that a
clerk gave them two warnings, but the ploy was effective:
many students gave up waiting in line and didn’t vote.
True the Vote, now active in 30 states, hopes to train
hundreds of thousands of poll watchers to make the expe-
rience of voting like “driving and seeing the police follow-
ing you,” as one of the group’s leaders put it. (Not surpris-
ingly, the group is also active in the voter ID movement,
with similar goals.) These activities “present a real dan-
ger to the fair administration of elections and to the funda-
mental freedom to vote,” as a recent report by Common
Cause and Demos put it.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 prohibits intimidation
or interference in the act of voting, but the penalties are
fairly light. Many states have tougher laws, but they won’t
work unless law enforcement officials use them to crack
down on the illegal activities — handed down from Jim
Crow days — of True the Vote and similar groups. 
Voter Harassment, Circa 2012
Groups like True the Vote are using Jim Crow-era tactics at the ballot box
Now that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi,Myanmar’s re-
vered opposition leader, has given the go-ahead, the Unit-
ed States should further ease sanctions against that coun-
try, which is beginning to embrace democracy. Sanctions
are intended to encourage positive change and will have
value only if affected governments trust that the penalties
will be lifted as they make progress. 
During her visit to Washington this week — the first
since she was freed from 15 years of house arrest — Ms.
Aung San Suu Kyi did not specify what sanctions should
be eased. But among the sanctions now in place is a ban
on virtually all Myanmar imports to the United States. 
Myanmar’s democratic progress has been substan-
tial. Since taking office last year,President U Thein Sein
has pushed aside officials who don’t support reforms and
allowed Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and her party to run for
Parliament. He has freed hundreds of political prisoners
and begun to carry out economic and political reforms, in-
cluding a new law relaxing press censorship.
Still, there is reason to be on guard against backslid-
ing toward authoritarianism. Mr. Thein Sein and his na-
tional security council have too much power, including au-
thority to declare a state of emergency at any time. There
is a need for land reform, a professional military under ci-
vilian control and an end to human rights abuses.
Mr. Thein Sein, who is scheduled to attend the United
Nations General Assembly next week,deserves recogni-
tion for what has been achieved since 2011. For that, the
Obama administration has already relaxed some sanc-
tions, allowing American companies to invest in many
parts of the Myanmar economy. On Wednesday,it re-
moved him and another official  from a list of sanctioned
individuals, thus allowing Americans to do business with
them and giving them access to once-blocked assets. The
administration should also consider supporting aid to
Myanmar through international institutions and lifting
the import ban. 
American and international businesses will have im-
portant roles to play, too. When they invest in Myanmar,
they could adopt stringent rules against the use of forced
labor and other human rights abuses, as Amnesty Inter-
national has recommended. Despite huge challenges,
Myanmar, in significant ways, is a model of effective col-
laboration on the path to democracy — between Ms. Aung
San Suu Kyi and Mr. Thein Sein and, in the United States,
between Republicans and Democrats. Through the Clin-
ton, Bush and Obama administrations, top officials and
lawmakers supported sanctions and Ms. Aung San Suu
Kyi, and,when they saw an opening in 2011, agreed to en-
gage with Myanmar on a step-by-step basis. That’s worth
noting in this era of dysfunctional politics.
Myanmar’s Fragile Democracy 
Along with the United States government, business should encourage reform
The Office of Congressional Ethics,a proven force for
good on Capitol Hill, is in need of a fresh lease from House
leaders if it is to continue conducting discreet preliminary
investigations of corruption allegations against lawmak-
ers. The quasi-independent office has tallied an impres-
sive 101 ethics inquiries in its four years of existence. 
Its unpopularity among lawmakers grows with its
caseload, but its record suggests professional evenhand-
edness, with 32 cases forwarded so far to the House Ethics
Committee for further review, and dismissal recommend-
ed in 26 other cases. The immediate problem for the office
is that four of its six board members must be replaced as
soon as the new Congress convenes in January if the in-
vestigative watch is to continue. But, of course, this need
has not been addressed by current House leaders,who
are racing back home for elections. 
The dismal record of the House Ethics Committee try-
ing to investigate and judge its own colleagues prompted
the creation of the O.C.E. after the Abramoff corruption
scandal. When Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat,was speaker in
2008, she proposed the bipartisan agency to show allega-
tions would not be swept under the rug. While there has
been pressure to stop financing the office, John Boehner, a
Republican, has also supported the office as speaker. 
With big-money politics presenting ever greater ethi-
cal threats, Congressional leaders must promptly name
independent professionals to the oversight agency. The
shortcomings of the House’s own Ethics Committee were
on display again this week when its poorly handled inves-
tigation of Representative Maxine Waters in a banking in-
fluence case ended with her exoneration. Lawmakers had
to hire an outside counsel to wade through allegations by
the committee’s own chief counsel that House staff mem-
bers had leaked information about the case to Ms. Wa-
ters’s political adversaries. The outside lawyer’s services
cost taxpayers at least $1 million. That money would have
been more effectively spent on the Office of Congressional
Ethics, which has already proved it can do a far better job.
Congress’s Unpopular Watchdog
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “A Preventable Massacre,” by
Seth Anziska (Op-Ed, Sept. 17):
On Sept. 28, 1982, shortly after the
tragic turn of events at two Palestinian
refugee camps in Beirut, Israel estab-
lished an official commission of inquiry
into the massacre — which, one must
remember, was perpetrated by a Leba-
nese militia and not by Israel. 
The commission was headed by the
president of the Supreme Court at the
time, Chief Justice Yitzhak Kahan, and
its conclusions still resonate today in Is-
raeli society. Israel is not afraid to face
its demons.
However, one may wonder why The
New York Times chose to focus such
great attention on this massacre in Leb-
anon of 30 years ago, when before our
very eyes such massacres take place —
unfortunately — on an almost quotidian
basis in Syria, and Christian communi-
ties and other minorities face troubles
throughout the turbulent Middle East. 
The Middle East is going through
many changes and difficulties at the
moment, not only in the way it’s per-
ceiving the West, but also in re-evaluat-
ing the way it’s perceiving itself.
Israel has always been a pillar of sta-
bility in the Middle East, and as a strong
beacon of democracy, it stands side by
side with the United States in facing to-
day’s challenges for a better tomorrow
for all of us.SHAHAR AZANI
Spokesman
Consulate General of Israel
New York, Sept. 18, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
I take issue with “A Preventable Mas-
sacre” on several counts.
First, arguing that the tragic killings
were “preventable” if the Reagan ad-
ministration had only used its influence
over Israel greatly exaggerates Ameri-
can power in the region. A more apt
headline would have been “An Inevita-
ble Massacre.” As President Reagan
proved unable to stop Israeli shelling of
Beirut that summer, he surely would
not have been able to stop a revenge-
seeking Phalange militia dead-set on
avenging the death of its recently assas-
sinated leader. 
Second, Seth Anziska does not ac-
count for American complicity. That
summer, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, one of
Reagan’s most trusted advisers, told the
president in a top-secret National Secu-
rity Council meeting that the United
States should not stand in the way of Is-
raeli efforts to wipe out the Palestine
Liberation Organization. Dr. Kirkpat-
rick no doubt did not have the tragic
killings of civilians in mind, but she rec-
ognized that the P.L.O. was very much a
terrorist organization working against
American interests. President Reagan
and Caspar W. Weinberger, then the
secretary of defense, agreed with Dr.
Kirkpatrick. 
Third, Mr. Anziska places the major-
ity of the responsibility on Israel. Yes,
Ariel Sharon, then the defense minister,
deserves much of the blame. But ignor-
ing the culpability of the P.L.O. terror-
ists who chose to hide out in the civilian
camps rather than evacuate Beirut with
Yasir Arafat and the rest of the P.L.O.
tells only one side of the tragic story. 
As Reagan tried to do when dealing
with Israel and its Arab neighbors, Mr.
Anziska would do well with a more bal-
anced approach to this important time
period. JASON SALTOUN-EBIN
Santa Barbara, Calif., Sept. 18, 2012
The writer is the editor of “The Reagan
Files” and the creator of www.therea-
ganfiles.com, a portal for studying the
Reagan administration through recently
declassified documents.
TO THE EDITOR:
“A Preventable Massacre” is a point-
ed reminder of just one episode in Is-
rael’s long record of brutality toward
the Palestinians. The Times is to be
commended for publishing it, knowing
full well the outraged reaction it can ex-
pect. Lost in the backlash will inevitably
be Seth Anziska’s main point, that
America’s blind support for Israel
amounts not only to an enabling of Is-
rael’s atrocities, but also a moral com-
plicity in them.
Until the United States adopts a more
evenhanded approach in the Middle
East, Israel will continue to treat Arab
lives as disposable. And with each of
these “incidents” comes yet further ero-
sion of any remaining perception that
America is an international agent of
freedom, democracy and human rights.
“Why do they hate us so?” we naïvely
ask. The answer is right under our nos-
es, but sometimes it takes courageous
journalism to help us see it.
RAMSAY M. HARIK
Bloomington, Ind., Sept. 17, 2012
Looking Back at a Massacre in Lebanon
With an official ribbon-cutting on Friday,Brooklyn
celebrated the opening of a lavish sports and entertain-
ment center  featuring the Brooklyn Nets  (formerly of
New Jersey).This is generally good news for the borough
and the city. It elevates what had been an underdeveloped
area into a vibrant hub for basketball fans, shoppers and
followers of such superstars as Jay-Z,who owns a club in
the complex. For an older generation, the arrival of a ma-
jor-league sports team may help fill the emptiness left by
the departure of the Dodgers for Los Angeles in 1957.
Amid all the razzle-dazzle, however, it is worth re-
minding residents as well as the Barclays Center develop-
er of promises made nine years ago. Forest City Ratner
Companies, which is building the $4.9 billion project, origi-
nally sold the city on the arena plan because it would pro-
vide at least 2,250 affordable apartments, 8 acres of open
space in the 22-acre project and 10,000 jobs.
Company officials said this week that they would, at
some point, make good on those promises. The recession
and numerous  lawsuits from opponents have slowed
down their progress, according to MaryAnne Gilmartin,
an executive vice president of the company.
On Friday, Bruce Ratner,chairman of the develop-
ment company, announced that he would break ground on
the first of 14 residential buildings in December. The first
building is supposed to offer 181 units of affordable rental
apartments, which leaves more than 2,000 affordable units
to be finished by 2031.
In some ways, it feels as though the developers got
their dessert first — the splendid arena that will draw
crowds and superstars starting on Friday night. Now for
the meat and potatoes. 
Hoopla in the Atlantic Yards in Brooklyn
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TO THE EDITOR:
“At a Campus Scarred by Hazing,
Cries for Help” (front page, Sept. 19) is
an outdated presentation of a campus
that has gone to great lengths to ad-
dress a deeply troubling series of inci-
dents of hazing.
Instead of focusing on the commend-
able definitive actions that Binghamton
University and the SUNY chancellor,
Nancy L. Zimpher, have taken to ensure
student safety and abolish hazing, your
coverage digs up incidents and com-
plaints that are nearly a year old.
SUNY has zero tolerance for hazing,
and we are doing more and more to
make that clear. New policies open the
lines of communication between stu-
dent organizations and campus admin-
istrations. All campuses have been di-
rected to revisit procedures for prevent-
ing and investigating hazing incidents. 
A systemwide Committee on Person-
al Safety will explore best practices to
prevent hazing and educate students
about the dangers associated with it.
SUNY will continue to be proactive and
vigilant in its prevention of hazing and
protection of students.
H. CARL McCALL
Chairman, Board of Trustees
State University of New York
Albany, Sept. 21, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
As a 2008 graduate of Binghamton
University, part of the State University
of New York, I am not at all surprised
by your article about Greek life hazing. 
When I was a student, hazing was
bad; pledges weren’t permitted to show-
er for days, slept very little, were forced
to drink obscene amounts of alcohol and
couldn’t talk to people outside their
pledge class or fraternity or sorority. 
Pledges often smelled bad, wore the
same clothing for days on end and were
not prepared for class. 
While I understand the appeal of
Greek life (a home away from home), the
treatment of pledges is disturbing. I am
baffled how students, after a semester of
torture, can feel as if the hazers are their
brothers or sisters. 
It’s time that the administration at
Binghamton stopped turning away and
really cracked down on what’s happen-
ing off campus. The future health and
welfare of its students depend on it.
REBECCA KAPLAN
Hartford, Sept. 19, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
As a junior at Binghamton University,
I have seen firsthand many of the dis-
turbing practices cited in your article.
Sadly, Greek life has degenerated to the
extent that it is difficult for any fraterni-
ty or sorority to create good will among
student body organizations and the
greater Binghamton community. 
As a founding father of the fraternity
Pi Kappa Alpha, I am dealing with the
negative implications of the scandal,
mainly the damage that media scrutiny
has done to the reputation of our group
and the university as a whole. 
Yet our strict no-hazing policy, se-
lective interview process and devotion to
accepting only scholars, leaders, athletes
and gentlemen has allowed us to become
one of Binghamton’s largest fraternities
in only a few semesters. 
While bad apples get all the attention,
we are busy trying to revive Greek life’s
role in creating one of the Northeast’s
most prestigious public universities.
ZACHARY GREENBERG
Binghamton, N.Y., Sept. 19, 2012
Field Reports: The Hazing at Binghamton U.
ELLIOT STOKES
By John Fabian Witt
N
EW
H
AVEN
O
N Sept. 22, 1862 — 150 years
ago today — Abraham Lin-
coln announced the Emanci-
pation Proclamation, prom-
ising to free the slaves in any
state still in rebellion on Jan. 1, 1863.
Americans have celebrated Lincoln’s
proclamation, and argued about its
meaning, ever since. But there’s a sur-
prising legacy that few Americans know
anything about, one that historians have
overlooked, even though it shows just
how thoroughly American ideas of free-
dom reshaped the globe. Emancipation
touched off a crisis for the principle of hu-
manitarian limits in wartime and trans-
formed the international laws of war. In
the crucible of emancipation, Lincoln cre-
ated the rules that now govern soldiers
around the world. 
Ever since 1775, when the royal gover-
nor of Virginia offered freedom to slaves
who would turn against their revolu-
tionary masters, American soldiers and
statesmen held that freeing an enemy’s
slaves was anathema to civilized war-
fare. George Washington and the Conti-
nental Congress complained bitterly
when British forces carried away slaves
when they left New York in 1783. 
In the War of 1812, British raids along
the Chesapeake Bay encouraged thou-
sands of slaves to escape to freedom. For
more than a decade after the war ended,
the American government pursued com-
pensation from the British, contending
that the laws of war protected slave own-
ers from enemy depredations. 
The irony of a humanitarian law that
protected slave   owners rather than
slaves was not lost on European critics.
But Americans argued that to seize an
enemy’s slaves was to make war on civil-
ian economic resources. 
White Southerners further argued that
arming an enemy’s slaves invited ter-
rible atrocities by freed people against
their former masters. Nineteenth-centu-
ry Americans knew that the servile re-
bellions of antiquity had involved horrific
violence: the Haitian revolution in the
1790s led to the slaughter of white slave-
holders, while several abortive slave re-
volts in the American South showed that
the pent-up violence of slavery could ex-
plode in bursts of nightmarish terror. 
It was no surprise, then, that Southern
whites reacted to Lincoln’s proclamation
with fury. Jefferson Davis, the president
of the Confederacy, condemned it as bar-
baric and inhumane, and he swore never
John Fabian Witt  is a professor at Yale
Law School and the author of “Lincoln’s
Code: The Laws of War in American His-
tory.” 
BRANDON SCHAEFER
Freedom and Restraint
to recognize black Union soldiers as enti-
tled to the treatment afforded to prison-
ers of war. Instead he promised to punish
them and their white officers as crimi-
nals, subject to enslavement or execu-
tion. The Union pledged to retaliate in
turn. It soon seemed that efforts to limit
the war might collapse altogether. 
The South’s threats forced the Union to
restate its position on the laws of war. In
December 1862, three weeks before the fi-
nal emancipation order was to go into ef-
fect, and just as criticism of emancipation
was reaching its height, Lincoln’s general
in chief, Henry W. Halleck, commissioned
a pamphlet-length statement of the Un-
ion’s view of the laws of war. 
Drafted by the Columbia professor
Francis Lieber and approved by Lincoln
himself, the code set out a host of hu-
mane rules:it prohibited torture, pro-
tected prisoners of war and outlawed as-
sassinations. It distinguished between
soldiers and civilians and it disclaimed
cruelty, revenge attacks  and senseless
suffering. 
Most of all, the code defended the free-
ing of enemy slaves and the arming of
black soldiers as a humanitarian impera-
tive,not as an invitation to atrocity. The
code announced that free armies were
like roving institutions of freedom, abol-
ishing slavery wherever they went. And
it defended black soldiers by insisting
that the laws of war made “no dis-
tinction of color” — indeed, mis-
treatment of black soldiers would
warrant righteous retaliation by the Un-
ion.
The pocket-size pamphlet quickly be-
came the blueprint for a new generation
of treaties, up to the Geneva Conventions
of 1949. Strong nations like Prussia and
France had long suspected that law-of-
war initiatives were little more than ma-
neuvering by weaker countries and clos-
et pacifists hoping to make war more dif-
ficult. Lincoln’s code broke that diplo-
matic logjam: It contained no hidden Eu-
ropean agenda, and no one could accuse
the Lincoln administration of trying to
hold back strong armies. 
To the contrary, the code had been de-
vised just as Lincoln abandoned what he
called the “rose-water” tactics of the
war’s first year in favor of the much more
aggressive strategy signaled by emanci-
pation. 
And it set in motion the great paradox
of the modern laws of war. These laws
arose out of the greatest moral triumph
of modern political history — emancipa-
tion — and they aimed to place outer lim-
its on war’s destruction. In a sense, they
succeeded: the feared terrors of a mass
slave insurrection never came to pass. 
But by authorizing freedom, the new
code also licensed a powerful and dan-
gerous war strategy. It was a tool of the
Union war effort, like the Springfield rifle
and the Minié ball. That is why the Lin-
coln administration issued it, and that is
why the most powerful states in the Eu-
ropean world signed on to versions of it
in the decades that followed. 
The rules of armed conflict today arise
directly out of Lincoln’s example. They
restrain brutality. But by placing a stamp
of approval on “acceptable” ways to
make war,they legitimate terrible vio-
lence. The law does not relieve war of all
its terrors; it does not even purport to.
But it stands as a living reminder, a cen-
tury and a half later, of how thoroughly
the United States’ most significant mo-
ment still shapes our moral universe.
Ø
How the Emancipation
Proclamation changed
modern warfare.
Ø
N
A23
OP-ED
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
If Steve Jobs were still alive, would the
new map application on the iPhone 5 be
such an unmitigated disaster? Interest-
ing question, isn’t it? 
As Apple’s chief executive, Jobs was a
perfectionist. He had no tolerance for
corner-cutting or mediocre products.
The last time Apple released a truly sub-
standard product —MobileMe, in 2008 —
Jobs gathered the team into an auditori-
um, berated them mercilessly and then
got rid of the team leader in front of ev-
erybody, according to Walter Isaacson’s
biography of Jobs. The three devices
that made Apple the most valuable com-
pany in America —the iPod, the iPhone
and the iPad —were all genuine innova-
tions that forced every other technology
company to play catch-up.
No doubt, the iPhone 5, which went on
sale on Friday, will be another hit. Ap-
ple’s halo remains powerful. But there is
nothing about it that is especially inno-
vative. Plus, of course, it has that nasty
glitch. In rolling out a new operating sys-
tem for the iPhone 5, Apple replaced
Google’s map application —the mapping
gold standard — with its own, vastly in-
ferior, application, which has infuriated
its customers. With maps now such a
critical feature of smartphones, it seems
to be an inexplicable mistake.
And maybe that’s all it is — a mistake,
soon to be fixed. But it is just as likely to
turn out   to be the canary in the coal
mine. Though Apple will remain a highly
profitable company for years to come, I
would be surprised if it ever gives us an-
other product as transformative as the
iPhone or the iPad.
Part of the reason is obvious: Jobs
isn’t there anymore. It is rare that a com-
pany is so completely an extension of
one man’s brain as Apple was an exten-
sion of Jobs. While he was alive, that was
a strength; now it’s a weakness. Apple’s
current executive team is no doubt try-
ing to maintain the same demanding, in-
novative culture, but it’s just not the
same without the man himself looking
over everybody’s shoulder. If the map
glitch tells us anything, it is that. 
But there is also a less obvious — yet
possibly more important — reason that
Apple’s best days may soon be behind it.
When Jobs returned to the company in
1997, after 12 years in exile, Apple was in
deep trouble. It could afford to take big
risks and, indeed, to search for a new
business model, because it had nothing
to lose.
Fifteen years later, Apple has a hugely
profitable business model to defend —
and a lot to lose. Companies change
when that happens. “The business mod-
el becomes a gilded cage, and manage-
ment won’t do anything to challenge it,
while doing everything they can to pro-
tect it,” says Larry Keeley,an innovation
strategist at Doblin, a consulting firm.
It happens in every industry, but it is
especially easy to see in technology be-
cause things move so quickly. It was less
than 15 years ago that Microsoft ap-
peared to be invincible. But once its Win-
dows operating system and Office appli-
cations became giant moneymakers,
Microsoft’s    entire strategy became
geared toward protecting its two cash
cows. It ruthlessly used its Windows
platform to promote its own products at
the expense of rivals. (The Microsoft
antitrust trial  took dead aim at that be-
havior.) Although Microsoft still makes
billions, its new products are mainly
“me-too” versions of innovations made
by other companies. 
Now it is Apple’s turn to be king of the
hill —and, not surprisingly, it has begun
to behave in a very similar fashion. You
can see it in the patent litigation against
Samsung, a costly and counterproduc-
tive exercise that has nothing to do with
innovation and everything to do with
protecting its turf.
And you can see it in the decision to re-
place Google’s map application. Once an
ally, Google is now a rival, and the
thought of allowing Google to promote
its maps  on Apple’s platform had be-
come anathema. More to the point, Ap-
ple wants to force its customers to use its
own products, even when they are not as
good as those from rivals. Once compa-
nies start acting that way, they become
vulnerable to newer, nimbler compet-
itors that are trying to create something
new, instead of milking the old. Just ask
BlackBerry, which once reigned su-
preme in the smartphone market but is
now roadkill for Apple and Samsung. 
Even before Jobs died, Apple was be-
coming a company whose main goal was
to defend its business model. Yes, he
would never have allowed his minions to
ship such an embarrassing application.
But despite his genius, it is unlikely he
could have kept Apple from eventually
lapsing into the ordinary. It is the nature
of capitalism that big companies become
defensive, while newer rivals emerge
with better, smarter ideas. 
“Oh my god,” read one Twitter mes-
sage I saw. “Apple maps is the worst
ever. It is like using MapQuest on a
BlackBerry.”
MapQuest and BlackBerry. 
Exactly.
Ø
JOE NOCERA 
Has 
Apple 
Peaked?
The iPhone 5’s glitch
suggests the law of big
companies applies to all.
Charles M. Blow is off today. 
This is the season of Extreme Politics.
Everything’s exciting. Mitt Romney paid
taxes! Joe Biden just bought a 36-pound
pumpkin! Paul Ryan is campaigning
with his mom again!
Oh, and Congress is ready to go home
to run for re-election. I know you were
wondering.
“I haven’t had anybody in West Vir-
ginia tell me we should hurry home to
campaign,” protested Senator Joe Man-
chin, a Democrat.
This might be because Manchin is ap-
proximately 40 points ahead in the polls.
He could probably spend the next month
in a fallout shelter without anybody no-
ticing. Nevertheless, he is so fearful of
alienating conservatives that he refuses
to say who has his support for president.
There are only about five undecided vot-
ers left in this country and one of them is
a senator from West Virginia.
The good news is that our lawmakers
spent their last pre-election days in
Washington working to pass a bill that
would keep the government running for
the next six months. This is sometimes
referred to as a “continuing resolution,”
and sometimes as “kicking the can down
the road.” Personally, I am pretty re-
lieved to see evidence that  this group
has the capacity to kick a can.
Let’s look at what else they were up to.
This is important, partly because the last
things you take up before going back to
the voters shows something about your
true priorities. Also partly because it will
give me a chance to mention legislation
involving 41 polar bear carcasses in Ca-
nadian freezers.
The Senate had a big agenda for its fi-
nale. Kicking the budget can down the
road! Passing a resolution on Iran de-
signed to demonstrate total support for
whatever it is Israel thinks is a good
idea! The Sportsmen’s Act!
O.K., the last one was sort of unexpect-
ed. It’s a bunch of hunting-and-fishing
proposals, ranging from conservation to
“allowing states to issue electronic duck
stamps.” Also, allowing “polar bear tro-
phies to be imported from a sport hunt in
Canada.” A long while ago, some Ameri-
cans legally hunted down said bears,
happily envisioning the day when they
could display a snarling head on the
study wall, or perhaps stuff the entire
carcass and stick it in the front hallway
where it could perpetually rear on its
hind legs, frightening away census-tak-
ers.
But then the United States prohibited
the importation of dead polar bears, and
there have been 41 bear carcasses stuck
in Canadian freezers ever since.
Free the frozen polar bears! Well, not
before November, since the Senate mi-
nority leader,Mitch McConnell,dug in
his heels, claiming the whole hunting bill
was only coming up to help its main
sponsor, Jon Tester of Montana, in a
tight race. McConnell, who publicly set
his own top policy priority as making
sure Barack Obama didn’t get re-elected,
hates naked partisanship.
The House, meanwhile, declined to
take up two major bipartisan bills from
the Senate. One was the farm bill, which
Speaker John Boehner admitted he just
couldn’t get his right wing to vote for de-
spite pleas from endangered rural Re-
publicans.
The other was aimed at reviving the
teetering U.S. Postal Service, which is
about to default again. “I hear from our
Republican colleagues they didn’t want
to force their folks to make difficult
votes,” said Tom Carper, a lead Senate
sponsor.
Really, there’s no excuse on this one.
By the time a difficult issue has been
turned into a bipartisan Senate bill, it’s
no longer all that difficult. People, if you
see a member of the House majority
campaigning in your neighborhood, de-
mand to know why the Postal Service
didn’t get fixed. 
Although on the plus side, the House
did agree that the space astronauts
should be allowed to keep some flight
souvenirs. 
One thing virtually nobody in the Sen-
ate considered  a pre-election priority
was spending hours and hours arguing
about a proposal from Senator Rand
Paul of Kentucky to eliminate foreign aid
to Libya, Pakistan and Egypt. However,
in the grand tradition of the upper cham-
ber, Paul had the power to hold up the
crucial kicking-the-can bill hostage by
threatening a filibuster if he didn’t get
his way. 
“He can keep us here for a week and a
half if we don’t let him bring it up,” grum-
bled Senator Charles Schumer.
Rand Paul does this sort of thing all
the time. Who among us can forget when
he stalled the renewal of federal flood in-
surance under the theory that the Senate
first needed to vote on whether life start-
ed at conception?
The majority leader,Harry Reid,
pointed out repeatedly that he has had to
struggle with 382 filibusters during his
six years at the helm. “That’s 381 more
filibusters than Lyndon Johnson faced,”
he complained. Obviously, Robert Caro is
never going to write a series of grand bi-
ographies about the life of Harry Reid.
It’s a wonder anything ever gets done.
Although,actually, it generally
doesn’t.
Ø
GAIL COLLINS 
The 
Polar 
Express
Congress shows 
what it’s 
made of.
By Simon Sebag Montefiore
M
ASHA GESSEN, a Russian
journalist, was recently
fired for refusing to cover
President Vladimir V.
Putin’s hang-glider flight
with migrating cranes, an exploit that
was much mocked. Last week, she re-
ceived an unexpected phone call, which
she recounted in a blog post for The In-
ternational Herald Tribune, this newspa-
per’s global edition. “My phone rang....
I listened to silence for two minutes.” Fi-
nally: “Don’t hang up. I will connect
you.” Frustrated,she shouted: “Do you
want to introduce yourself?” A famous
voice replied: “Putin, Vladimir Vladimi-
rovich. I heard you were fired and that I
unwittingly served as the reason for it.”
He invited her to meet.
Ms.Gessen was flummoxed: “But how
do I know this is not a prank?”
Educated Russians would have spotted
similarities between this call and earlier
Olympian interventions into the lives of
writers by Romanov and Communist au-
tocrats, illuminating rituals of Russian
leadership and the relationship between
power and art. This tradition flatters the
writer in a culture where literature has
special prestige. But the surprise also
promotes the cult of the unpredictable
czar who moves, like God, in mysterious
ways.
Eighty-two years ago,Mikhail Bulga-
kov, novelist and playwright, had been
fired from Soviet theaters, his works
banned, when his phone rang: “Comrade
Bulgakov?... Please hold. Comrade Sta-
lin will speak to you.” Then the famous
voice began,“I apologize ... we shall try
to do something for you.” Afterward Bul-
gakov phoned the Kremlin: was it a
prank?It was Stalin. Soon, the theater
employed Bulgakov again.
In May 1934, the poet Osip Mandelstam
was arrested for a poem mocking Stalin.
His fellow poet Boris Pasternak tried to
help. His phone rang. Stalin: “Mandel-
stam’s case is being reviewed. Every-
thing will be all right.... He’s a genius,
isn’t he?” Pasternak: “But that’s not the
point.” He said he wanted to talk “about
life and death.” Stalin rang off. Pasternak
phoned the Kremlin, asking Stalin’s sec-
retary if he could tell others about the
conversation. Yes, he could.
March 1949: the composer Dmitri Sho-
stakovich refused to represent the
U.S.S.R.abroad. Stalin rang: Shostako-
vich said he wouldn’t join a Soviet dele-
gation when no Soviet orchestra per-
formed his work. Stalin: “Why don’t they
play it?” It was banned by censors. Sta-
lin: “We didn’t give such an order. I’ll
have to correct the comrades.”
Even further back, 1826: Nicholas I, af-
ter crushing the Decembrist rebels, invit-
ed their exiled supporter, the poet Alek-
sandr Pushkin, in for a chat. The czar ap-
pointed himself Pushkin’s censor and de-
clared,“Today I had a conversation with
the cleverest man in Russia.” Pushkin
told everyone about Nicholas’s charm.
Stalin was channeling Nicholas; Putin
channeled both. Nicholas I has been
called “Genghis Khan with a telegraph.”
Stalin was “Genghis Khan with a tele-
phone.” But Mr. Putin is not Genghis
Khan with a BlackBerry. Those Russias
were dominated by the missions of Or-
thodox czardom and homicidal totalitar-
ian Marxist-Leninism; today’s Russia is
authoritarian but still freer.
Physically awkward, with one shorter
arm, Stalin, once a published poet, was
half murderous tyrant, half  intellectual,
always reading. He was fascinated by lit-
erary genius: half of his huge library is
said to sit  in the president’s Kremlin of-
fice. Mr. Putin’s interest seems more util-
itarian. He prefers Tarzanian displays of
bare-chested, tiger-whispering environ-
mentalism. But he still may have learned
something from those books.
Russian writers enjoy almost sacred
status. Mandelstam reflected that poetry
was so respected in Russia, “people are
killed for it.” He perished in the gulag.
Under Stalin, artists weren’t dissidents;
all they hoped was to survive and write.
Today’s Russia is still worryingly unsafe:
journalists have been assassinated,oppo-
sitionists beaten,the punk protesters
Pussy Riot imprisoned. So Ms.Gessen
showed courage at her presidential en-
counter: when offered her job back, she
refused to be a “Kremlin appointee.” 
So why,really,do these czars make the
call? The outcome of the conversation is
irrelevant. The point isn’t the call itself
but the myth of the call, spreading like
ripples in the pond of the intelligentsia.
(That’s why Stalin’s secretary told Pas-
ternak he could recount the story.) It
showed the president had heard of Ms.
Gessen’s plight and reached down, with
imperial magnanimity,to a hostile writer
to correct an injustice. He was also able
to prove that though he may been
mocked for his adventures — when it
emerged that a tiger he “captured” was
from a zoo and that ancient amphorae he
“discovered” on a dive were planted —
he was not deceived.“There are ex-
cesses,” he admitted jovially,but only in
the cause of saving nature. His candor,
thus reported by Ms. Gessen, disarmed
ridicule. The good czar showed he de-
spised the preposterous sycophancy of
his pettifogging officials just like ordi-
nary Russians did. He saw all. He knew. 
Today’s oppositionists are bloggers,
not poets, but an autocrat of the Internet
age still paid a compliment to the old-
fashioned written word. As Bulgakov
wrote, “Manuscripts don’t burn.”
Ø
Why Russian autocrats
keep dialing writers. 
Please Hold for Mr. Putin
Simon Sebag Montefiore is the author of
“Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar” and
“Jerusalem: The Biography.” 
A24
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
B1
N
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
S.& P. 500                 1,460.15
D
0.11
Dow industrials        13,579.47
D
17.46
Nasdaq composite     3,179.96
U
4.00
10-yr. Treasury yield       1.76%
D
0.01
The euro                     $1.2984
U
0.0018
Media
Universal Deal
Its purchase of EMI was
cleared and it will retain
rights to the Beatles. 
3
Standard Chartered makes a deal
on money laundering allegations. 
4
A former Fannie Mae chief is dis-
missed from an investors’ suit. 
6
BlackBerry service
was disrupted Friday
in Europe, the Middle
East and Africa. 
3
By many measures, Samsung
Electronics should be on the
ropes. Last month,it lost an im-
portant patent battle with its ri-
val Apple after a jury in the Unit-
ed States ruled that
Samsung had illegally
copied aspects of Ap-
ple’s groundbreaking
iPhone. Apple intro-
duced its newest
model, the iPhone 5,
to enthusiastic reviews and a
worldwide consumer frenzy, with
customers lining up to buy the
new model days before it arrived
in stores on Friday.This week,
Apple shares hit a record high
and cracked the $700 threshold.
So why is Samsung not only
holding its own, but thriving?
Even as the Apple juggernaut
has rolled over Research in Mo-
tion, which makes BlackBerry
handsets, and Nokia, Samsung
reported record earnings for its
latest quarter, which ended June
30. Its handset profits, fueled by
the introduction of its high-end
Galaxy S III model in May, leapt
75 percent over the previous
year. Samsung’s stock has gained
over 65 percent in the last year
and was trading this week on the
Korea Exchange at more than 1.3
million won, also close to a
record.
Samsung can’t claim the in-
tense media coverage, the pas-
sionate fan base or the cult of per-
sonality that grew up around
Steve Jobs. But the giant South
Korean manufacturer has built
an impressive lead in global mo-
bile phone sales. The research
firm IDC reported that Samsung
had 24.1 percent of the global
handset market compared with
Apple’s 6.4 percent at the end of
the last quarter. Samsung also
had a commanding lead in the lu-
crative smartphone market: 32.6
percent compared with Apple’s
16.9 percent,although the gap is
likely to narrow because of the
iPhone 5’s introduction.
By contrast, Nokia’s share of
the smartphone market withered
to 6.6 percent and Research in
Motion, whose BlackBerry de-
vices once accounted for nearly
20 percent of global smartphone
sales, was no longer ranked
among the top five producers.
These results didn’t come as a
complete surprise to me. As I re-
ported a little over a year ago, af-
ter testing the latest handsets
from Apple, Samsung and RIM, I
ended up buying the Samsung 
IPhone 5
Fever?
Don’t Count
Samsung Out
A rivalry that has
produced better and
cheaper phones. 
JAMES B.
STEWART 
COMMON
SENSE 
Continued on Page 6
By ANDREW E. KRAMER
MOSCOW — BP has offered to
acquire a bigger stake in the Rus-
sian state oil company Rosneft if
it can sell its interests in a private
joint venture here, the president
of Rosneft said on Friday.
Such a move would make BP
the largest single outside invest-
or in Rosneft.
The deal also holds the prom-
ise of reviving an ill-fated off-
shore exploration deal in the Rus-
sian Arctic that fell apart last
year amid lawsuits, and more
broadly tie BP’s fate to Russia for
years to come.
BP’s chief executive, Robert W.
Dudley,made the offer on Tues-
day in a meeting with President
Vladimir V. Putin at a Russian
government retreat in the Black
Sea resort town of Sochi, Ros-
neft’s president, Igor I. Sechin,
said Friday.
BP and Rosneft executives met
with Mr. Putin as BP continued
trying to extricate itself from a
nine-year-old partnership called
TNK-BP, but none of the parties
provided many details about the
discussions until now.
Such a deal will be extraordi-
narily important for BP, which
pumps about a quarter of its glo-
bal oil output from Russia. 
Rosneft had already intended
to sell shares to reduce the gov-
ernment’s holding in the compa-
ny.
“This proposal seems to be
very interesting,” Mr. Sechin said
in remarks carried by Russian
news services and confirmed by
Rosneft’s media office.
The precise structure of the
deal is still unclear, Mr. Sechin
said. BP is also negotiating to sell
its stake in the venture to its oli-
garch partners, and must contin-
ue these talks until mid-October
under the terms of its sharehold-
er agreement in TNK-BP.
Mr. Sechin confirmed that Ros-
neft was in talks with banks to
raise $10 billion to $15 billion for a
deal. The rest is likely to come as
shares in Rosneft.
“BP aims to be an investor in
Russia for many decades to
come. BP is considering further
investment in Russia regardless
of who we sell our stake to,” the
company said in a statement.
“Therefore if we are successful in
selling our stake in TNK-BP then
we would be interested in in-
vesting some of the proceeds in 
BP Offers
To Increase
Its Stake
In Rosneft
Committing to Russia
and maybe to drilling
in its Arctic region.
Continued on Page 2
For all of the conversation this week about
Mitt Romney’s views on federal income taxes
and personal responsibility, his insistence
that “I have inherited nothing” may be the
most thought-provoking. 
His comment, which was among
those he made in the video of a fund-
raiser that Mother Jones magazine
posted Monday, has inspired a few
skeptical reactions,given his privi-
leged background. But leaving the
breadth of his advantages aside, the
comment speaks to an often unspoken dis-
tinction among families that can determine
who gets ahead, who gets along and who
merely scrapes by.
Some parents help their adult children fi-
nancially, while others cannot or do not.
This living inheritance comes in many
forms. It exists along a range from the free
room and board for a 23-year-old intern to a
stay of years for a 43-year-old single parent
who has lost a job or recently divorced. The
contribution can be as small as a first month’s
rent or as large as the 25 years of payments
that many parents now make on college loans
they took out so their children would not have
to. 
The less help you have as an adult starting
out, the harder you have to work to make the
next geographic, career and economic step
up. If you lack that help, any and all mistakes
(and there will be plenty) often have much
bigger consequences. And the lack of any
family help can have a compounding effect on
FromParents,
A Living
Inheritance
ROBERT NEUBECKER
Continued on Page 4
RON
LIEBER
YOUR
MONEY
By PAUL SULLIVAN
A$104 million award for a
whistle-blower is probably
enough of an incentive to
make most people divulge
secrets about their employer,
or even their friends,for that
matter. The award, the larg-
est ever paid by the Internal
Revenue Service,went to
Bradley C. Birkenfeld last
week for revealing secrets
about the Swiss banking sys-
tem.
But lawyers and govern-
ment officials had this warn-
ing for anyone thinking
about following in Mr. Bir-
kenfeld’s footsteps: Make
sure you understand what
you are getting into. 
“It’s a life-changing experience,” said John R. Phillips,
founder of the law firm Phillips &Cohen and the man
credited with devising the amendments that strength-
ened the government antifraud law, the False Claims
Act,in 1986. “If you look at the field of whistle-blowers,
you see a high degree of bankruptcies. You may find
yourself unemployable. Home foreclosures, divorce, sui-
cide and depression all go with this territory.”
As if that were not sobering enough, he added,“You
can’t believe how long these
things take.”
And the payoff for putting
your career and family at
risk is usually a fraction of
what Mr. Birkenfeld re-
ceived. Last year, the I.R.S.
paid $8 million to 97 people.
This year,it said it was on
track to pay $24 million to
about 100 people, excluding
the amount awarded to Mr.
Birkenfeld. 
But even the Justice De-
partment, which administers
awards through the False
Claims Act, generally pays
out 16.8 percent of what it
takes in,and the average
penalty is $2 million to $3
million. That works out to
about $330,000 to $500,000,before taxes and lawyer fees
are deducted. 
That is a not a lot of money considering the risks. (Mr.
Birkenfeld will probably pocket around $40 million, if
the usual third of his award goes to his lawyers and 40
percent of what is left goes to taxes.)
Still, the interest in inducing whistle-blowers to come
forward is on the rise. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the 
WEALTH MATTERS
BRADLEY C. BOWER/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Bradley C. Birkenfeld, a former UBS bank-
er, exposed Swiss tax evasion schemes. 
Continued on Page 5
The Price Whistle-Blowers Pay for Secrets
business. Car mechanics, librarians,
doctors, Hollywood special effects
designers — virtually everyone
whose job is touched by computing
— are being forced to find new, more
efficient ways to learn as retooling
becomes increasingly important not
just to change careers, but simply to
stay competitive on their chosen path. 
Going back to school for months or years is not realistic
for many workers, who are often left to figure out for them-
selves what new skills will make them more valuable, or just
keep them from obsolescence. In their quest to occupy a
useful niche, they are turning to bite-size instructional vid-
eos, peer-to-peer forums and virtual college courses.
Lynda Gratton,a professor of management practice at
the London Business School, has coined a term for this ne-
cessity: “serial mastery.” 
“You can’t expect that what you’ve become a master in
will keep you valuable throughout the whole of your career,
and you want to add to that the fact that most people are
now going to be working into their 70s,” she said, adding
that workers must try to choose specialties that cannot be 
By SHAILA DEWAN
Over the last decade, Ty Hallock
has steered his business  from Web
site creation to social media to mobile
apps. In three more years, he expects
to  be back at   the drawing board
again.
To prepare, Mr. Hallock, 29,
spends an hour or two a day at his business, TopFloorStudio
in Asheville, N.C., tracking venture capitalists and start-up
news, trying to divine the next frontier. He created Top-
FloorUniversity, where experts teach his employees and cli-
ents the latest in app development. When he could not find a
good curriculum for information architecture, he and a col-
league developed one themselves. As a pretext to learn from
the luminaries in his field, Mr. Hallock even produces his
own podcast. 
“You’re always reaching for something that’s kind of
like unknown, because you don’t know what is really going
to be the future,” Mr. Hallock said. “I’m not in my 30s yet,
and I’m sure at some point I’m going to be like, ‘Enough.’”
But exhaustion may be a luxury that Mr. Hallock can
never afford. The need to constantly adapt is the new reality
for many workers, well beyond the information technology
Working Nonstop to Stay Relevant
In Jobs Touched 
By Computing, 
Adaptation Is a Must
DANIEL ROSENBAUM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Bill Moss, whose repair business in Virginia focuses on European vehicles, said technology had pushed garages to specialize.
PETER D
a
SILVA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Kunal Mehta, a
Ph.D. student in
bioengineering at
Stanford Universi-
ty, said his field
was changing so
rapidly that there
was little consen-
sus on necessary
skills. “It’s more
difficult to know
what we should
learn,” he said.
Continued on Page 2
with names. When a Facebook
user uploads a photo of friends,
the “tag suggestion” feature can
automatically pull up the names
of the individuals in the image. 
The facial recognition software
was developed by an Israeli com-
pany, Face.com, which Facebook
acquired for an undisclosed price
in June.
The company quietly and tem-
porarily pulled the plug on “tag
suggestion” for all Facebook us-
ers several months ago. The com-
pany said on Friday it was to
“make improvements to the
tool’s efficiency” and did not say
how soon it would be restored.
However, the company promised
European regulators on Friday
that it would reinstate the feature
on the Continent only after get-
ting their approval.
Facebook declined to say un-
der what circumstances the “tag
suggestions”  would be back
online in the United States or
elsewhere. 
Facebook’s promise to the Eu-
ropean regulators is part of an in-
vestigation into whether the com-
pany’s data collection practices
comply with European privacy
rules. It was made with regula-
tors in Ireland, where the compa-
ny has its European headquar-
ters. 
“We will continue to work to-
gether to ensure we remain com-
pliant with European data pro-
tection law,” Facebook said in a
statement.
Europe is an important market
for the company, as it struggles
to prove its worth on Wall Street.
About one in four Facebook users
logs in from Europe. According to
the company’s earnings figures,
Europe accounts for just under a
third of its advertising revenue.
Pictures have always been vi-
tal to Facebook. Pictures are
what drew users to Facebook in
its earliest days, and pictures are
what continue to keep people
coming back. Facebook users
upload 300 million images a day.
The company’s acquisition of
Instagram, the photo-sharing
site, eliminated its biggest rival
in this area. 
Photo tagging is important for
Facebook in the sense that it al-
lows the social network to better
analyze with whom its users in-
teract in the real world.
In addition to scrutiny from
European regulators, Facebook
has also come under fire from
consumer protection groups and
lawmakers in the United States
over its use of facial recognition
technology. At a hearing on Capi-
tol Hill last July, Senator Al
Franken, Democrat of Minneso-
ta, described Facebook  as the
“world’s largest privately  held
database of face prints — without
the explicit consent of its users.”
On Friday, Mr. Franken said in
an e-mail statement that he
hoped Facebook would offer a
way for American users to opt in
to its photographic database.
“I believe that we have a fun-
damental right to privacy, and
that means people should have
the ability to choose whether or
not they’ll be enrolled in a com-
mercial facial recognition data-
base,” he said. “I encourage
Facebook to provide the same
privacy protections to its Ameri-
can users as it does its foreign
ones.”
The Electronic Privacy Infor-
mation Center, an advocacy
group in Washington, filed a com-
plaint with the Federal Trade
Commission over Facebook’s use
of automatic tagging. The com-
plaint is pending. The commis-
sion has a consent order with
Facebook that subjects the com-
pany to audits over its privacy
policies for the next 20 years.
Personal data is Facebook’s
crown jewel, but how to use it art-
fully and profitably is arguably
its biggest challenge. Facebook
has access to a   tremendous
amount of information about its
one billion users, including the
photos they upload every day.
Marketers have pushed for great-
er access to that data, so as to tai-
lor the right message to the right
customer. Consumers and law-
makers have resisted, to different
degrees in different countries
around the world.
“They are pushing the edges of
what privacy rules may allow,
just as an aggressive driver
might with parking rules,” said
Brian Wieser,an analyst with the
Pivotal Research Group, a re-
search firm in New York. “You
don’t know you’ve broken a law
until someone says you’ve bro-
ken a law.”
Several independent applica-
tion developers are experiment-
ing with how to use facial recog-
nition technology in the real
world, and have sought to use
pictures on Facebook to build
products of their own. 
For example, one company in
Atlanta is developing an applica-
tion to allow Facebook users to
be identified by cameras installed
in stores and restaurants. The
company, Redpepper,said in a
blog post that users would have
to authorize the application to
pull their most recent tagged
photographs. The company said
its “custom-developed cameras
then simply use this existing data
to identify you in the real world,”
including by offering special dis-
counts and deals.
Facebook Can ID Faces, but Using Them Grows Tricky
From Page A1
Facial recognition
software is off the site,
at least for now. 
Following are the most popular business news articles on
NYTimes.com from Sept. 14 through 20: 
1. Apple iOS 6 Leaves Out Google’s Mapping Data
2. State of the Art: Apple’s iPhone 5 Scores Well, With a Quibble 
3. The Thiel Fellows, Forgoing College to Pursue Dreams
4. Despite a Slowdown, Smartphone Advances Are Still Ahead 
5. In Prosecutors, Debt Collectors Find a Partner 
6. Google Blocks Inflammatory Video in Egypt and Libya 
7. Next School Crisis for Chicago: Pension Fund Is Running Dry 
8. Tax Credit in Doubt, Wind Power Industry Is Withering
9. Fair Game: A Florida Condo Sale and a Market’s Dysfunction 
10. Success of Crowdfunding Puts Pressure on Entrepreneurs 
And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. New iOS 6 Loses Google Maps, but Adds Other Features (Bits) 
2. Behind the ‘People Who Pay No Income Tax’ (Economix)
3. Obama, on Letterman Show, Responds to Romney Comments
(Media Decoder)
4. Why the iPhone 5 on Verizon and Sprint Won’t Juggle Calls and
Data (Bits)
5. Google Glass and the Future of Technology (Pogue’s Posts) 
ONLINE:MOST POPULAR 
COMPANY EARNINGS
Surprise Profit at KB Home as New Orders Rise
KB Home, the house building company, posted an unexpected quarterly
profit on Friday and said its backlog of revenue from houses under con-
struction rose to its highest level since the peak of the financial crisis.
KB Home earned $3.3 million, or 4 cents a share, on sales of $425 mil-
lion, in the third quarter. Analysts on average expected a loss of 16 cents
a share, according to Thomson Reuters. A year earlier, KB Home lost
$9.6 million, or $13 cents a share, on sales of $367 million. The company
said potential future housing revenue in its backlog as of Aug. 31 rose 33
percent, to $744.7 million. Net orders at KB Home increased 3 percent
for the second consecutive quarter, to 1,900 homes in the three months
ended in August, and rose 16 percent in value to $493.3 million. Stock in
KB Home, which is based in Los Angeles, rose $2.15, or 16 percent, to
$15.26 a share. 
(REUTERS)
Darden Posts a Profit and Plans Smaller Portions
Darden Restaurants reported a better-than-expected quarterly profit
on Friday as it prepared to revamp the menus for its struggling Olive
Garden and Red Lobster chains. The company also declared a quarter-
ly dividend, sending shares up more than 5 percent. At Olive Garden,
the company’s biggest chain, Darden is adding lighter options to the
menu. Drew Madsen, the company’s chief operating officer, said the de-
sire for smaller portion sizes was reflected in the growing number of
customers who were ordering an appetizer as a meal. Sales at restau-
rants open at least a year edged up 0.3 percent. At Red Lobster, the fig-
ure fell 2.6 percent as traffic declined. To broaden the chain’s appeal, the
menu will include more chicken and beef dishes; about a quarter of the
menu will be nonseafood options, compared with just 8 percent now.
The number of dishes that cost less than $15 will also increase. The com-
pany, based in Orlando, earned $111 million, or 85 cents a share, in the
quarter, up from $106.6 million, or 78 cents a share, a year earlier. Reve-
nue in the period, which ended Aug. 26 and was the first quarter of Dar-
den’s fiscal year, rose to $2.03 billion from $1.94 billion. The profit topped
the 83 cents expected by analysts surveyed by FactSet and Darden’s
stock rose $2. 49, to $57.21 a share. 
(AP)
Disappointing Results at a Business Software Maker
Tibco Software, a business software maker, reported lower-than-
expected revenue on Friday and forecast fourth-quarter results below
estimates on expected lower revenue from its services segment. The
company forecast fourth-quarter adjusted earnings of 42 to 44 cents a
share on revenue of $310 million to $318 million. Analysts expected 47
cents a share on revenue of $326.7 million, according to Thomson Reu-
ters. Tibco said it earned $26.1 million, or 15 cents a share, up from $23.5
million a year earlier. Revenue in the period, which ended Sept. 2 and
was the third quarter of Tibco’s fiscal year, rose to $255 million from
$229 million a year earlier. Tibco makes software to coordinate business
processes and manage workflow and competes with companies like
Progress Software and bigger vendors like Oracle. It removed its Unit-
ed States head of sales in June as it restructured its business in its big-
gest market. Stock in Tibco, which is based in Palo Alto, Calif., rose 47
cents, to $30.33 a share. 
(REUTERS)
BUSINESS BRIEFING 
outsourced or automated. “Being
a generalist is, in my view, very
unwise. Your major competitor is
Wikipedia or Google.”
Businesses have responded by
pouring more money into train-
ing, even in the current economic
doldrums,according to several
measures. They have experi-
mented by paying employees to
share their expertise in internal
social networks, creating video
games that teach and, human re-
sources consultants say,enticing
employees with tuition help even
if they leave the company. 
Individuals have also shoul-
dered a lot of responsibility for
their own upgrades. Lynda.com,
which charges $25 a month for
access to training videos on top-
ics like the latest version of Pho-
toshop, says its base of individual
customers has been growing 42
percent a year since 2008. Online
universities like Udacity and
Coursera are on pace to double in
size in a year, according to Josh
Bersin of Bersin & Associates, a
consulting firm that specializes in
learning and talent management.
The number of doctors partici-
pating in continuing education
programs has more than doubled
in the last decade, with the vast
majority of the growth stemming
from the increased popularity of
Internet-based activities, accord-
ing to the Accreditation Council
for Continuing Medical Educa-
tion in Chicago. 
The struggle is not just to keep
up, but to anticipate a future of
rapid change. When the Ashe-
ville-Buncombe Technical Com-
munity College in North Carolina
wanted to start a program for de-
veloping smartphone and tablet
apps, the faculty had to consider
the name carefully. “We had this
title Mobile Applications, and
then we realized that it may not
be apps in two years, it may be
something else,” said Pamela Sil-
vers,the chairwoman of the busi-
ness computer technologies de-
partment. “So we changed it to
Mobile Development.”
As the metadata and digital ar-
chivist at Emory University, Eliz-
abeth Russey Roke,35, has had to
keep up with evolving standards
that help different databases
share information, learn how to
archive “born digital” materials,
and use computers to bring liter-
ary and social connections
among different collections to
life. The bulk of her learning has
been on the job, supplemented by
the occasional course or videos
on Lynda.com. 
“For me, it’s easier to learn
something in the classroom than
it is on my own,” she said. “But I
can’t exactly afford another three
years of library school.”
Rapid change is a challenge for
traditional universities;text-
books and even journals often lag
too far behind the curve to be of
help, said Kunal Mehta, a Ph.D.
student in bioengineering at
Stanford University. His field is
so new, and changing so rapidly,
he said, that there is little consen-
sus on established practices or
necessary skills. “It’s more diffi-
cult to know what we should
learn,” he said. “We have advis-
ers that we work with, but a lot of
times they don’t know any better
than us what’s going to happen in
the future.”
Instead, Mr. Mehta, 26, spends
a lot of time comparing notes
with others in his field, just as
many professionals turn to their
peers to help them stay current.
The International Automotive
Technicians Network, where me-
chanics pay $15 a month to trade
tips on repairs, has more than
75,000 active users today, up from
48,000 in 2006, said Scott Brown,
the president.
In an economy where new, spe-
cialized knowledge is worth so
much, it may seem anticompeti-
tive to share expertise. But many
professionals say they don’t see
it that way. 
“We’re scattered all over the
country, Australia, New Zealand,
the U.K., so it never really both-
ered us that we were sharing the
secrets of what we do,” said Bill
Moss, whose repair shop in War-
renton, Va.,specializes in Euro-
pean cars, and who is a frequent
user of peer-to-peer forums.
Mr. Moss, 55, said technologi-
cal advances and proprietary di-
agnostic tools had forced many
garages to specialize. Ten years
ago, if his business had hit a slow
patch, he said, he would have
been quicker to broaden his rep-
ertory. “I might have looked at
other brands and said, ‘These
cars aren’t so bad.’ That’s much
harder to do now, based on tech-
nology and equipment require-
ments.” His training budget is
about $4,000 a year for each re-
pair technician.
Learning curves are not al-
ways driven by technology. Man-
agers have to deal with different
cultures, different time zones and
different generations as well as
changing attitudes. As medical
director of the Reproductive Sci-
ence Center of New England, Dr.
Samuel C. Pang has used patient
focus groups and sensitivity
training to help the staff adjust to
treating   lesbian couples, gay
male couples, and transgendered
couples who want to have chil-
dren. This has given the clinic a
competitive advantage. 
“We have had several male
couples and lesbian couples come
to our program from our compet-
itors’ program because they said
they didn’t feel comfortable
there,” Dr. Pang said. 
On top of that, he has to master
constantly evolving technology.
“The amount of information that
I learned in medical school is mi-
nuscule,” he said, “compared to
what is out there now.”
As Careers Change Rapidly, Workers Train Nonstop to Stay Relevant
DANIEL ROSENBAUM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Bill Moss, left, and his son Joey Moss. Bill Moss said he frequently used peer-to-peer forums to share expertise.
From First Business Page
THE NEW AMERICAN JOB
Keeping Up With Change
1.3 percent stake in Rosneft
worth about $1 billion during the
Russian oil company’s I.P.O. in
2006.
For BP, the TNK-BP venture
signaled that the future of Rus-
sian oil development would cen-
ter on a state company — like
Saudi Arabia and other major oil-
exporting nations.
BP has since struggled to extri-
buying shares in Rosneft.”
The deal could well become a
payday for BP shareholders, who
are growing impatient with Mr.
Dudley’s leadership in turning
the company around after the oil
spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
BP would be paid in cash and
shares in Rosneft. BP’s state-
ment suggested a portion of the
cash could be reinvested to keep
a foothold in Russia, possibly
with a revival of the Arctic deal,
said Ildar Davletshin, an oil and
gas analyst at Renaissance Cap-
ital. With the rest, BP could buy
additional Rosneft shares and
pay a special dividend to share-
holders, Mr. Davletshin said.
When BP created the TNK-BP
joint venture with its  oligarch
partners  in 2003, the deal sug-
gested a coming of age of Rus-
sian capitalism. It was the largest
outside investment in Russia at
the time.
But soon after entering the
deal, the oil industry landscape
shifted under BP’s feet. The next
year, Mr. Putin imprisoned a
wealthy  post-Soviet oil tycoon,
Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, and ef-
fectively nationalized Mr. Kho-
dorkovsky’s assets to form the
core of the state company, Ros-
neft.
Shortly after that, BP bought a
cate itself from the private sector
deal or create separate joint ven-
tures with Russian state energy
companies, either Rosneft or
Gazprom.
Thane Gustafson, an expert on
Russian oil at IHS Cera  and a
professor of government at
Georgetown University, said that
Rosneft could use the technical
and managerial help that BP
could provide for its mission of
developing the Arctic offshore
and other frontier areas.
But he cautioned that Rosneft
was already “a company with a
great many obligations and com-
mitments.”
BP, he said, would be joining
three other strategic partners,
Exxon Mobil, Statoil of Norway
and ENI of Italy.
BP Offers to Increase Stake in Russian Oil Company 
OAO ROSNEFT, VIA BLOOMBERG NEWS
Oil pumps run by Samaraneftegaz, a unit of Rosneft. BP says it will sell its interest in TNK-BP.
From First Business Page
Stanley Reed contributed report-
ing from London.
B2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
N
B3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By FLOYD NORRIS
A
YEAR ago, when the Unit-
ed States government
was borrowing huge
amounts of money and
paying very low interest rates to
do it, critics scoffed that a lot of
Treasury bonds were being pur-
chased by China, and even more
of them were ending up in the
hands of the Federal Reserve, the
American central bank.
What would happen if China
decided to start selling Treasury
bonds? And what would happen
if the Fed’s appetite for govern-
ment bonds were to be
quenched?
Not much, it appears.
Estimates by the Treasury De-
partment released this week indi-
cated that over the 12 months
through July,China reduced its
position in Treasury securities by
$165 billion, cutting them to $1.15
trillion despite making a small
amount of purchases in July. And
the Federal Reserve reported
that, as of Wednesday, it owned
$1.65 trillion in Treasury securi-
ties, $17 billion less than it had
owned a year earlier.
The rates the Treasury is pay-
ing to borrow remain extraordi-
narily low.
That is partly because of the
Fed, of course, but they would be
much higher if investors were un-
willing to lend money at rates as
low as one-tenth of 1 percent, the
current rate on three-month
Treasury bills. 
Standard & Poor’s may have
taken away the country’s AAA
rating, but there is still confi-
dence that the United States will
pay its bills.In Europe, by con-
trast, fears of government de-
faults — or currency devalua-
tions if a country leaves the euro
zone — have caused capital to
flee across the Atlantic.
While the Fed has basically
held its total Treasury holdings
steady since the summer of 2011,
their makeup has changed as the
central bank bought more longer-
term securities. A year ago, 10
percent of the holdings were in
securities that would mature
within a year. Now,that figure is
close to zero. The proportion of
securities with maturities over 10
years has almost doubled, to 23
percent.
The Fed hoped that would help
to hold down longer-term interest
rates, and perhaps provide eco-
nomic stimulus. 
China’s selling of Treasuries
over the 12-month period was off-
set by the actions of Japan, an-
other country whose trade sur-
plus with the United States re-
mains large. The Japanese are
estimated to have increased their
holdings by $232 billion over the
12 months, to $1.12 trillion.Those
figures include both government
and private holders of Treasur-
ies.
Japan was the largest overseas
holder of Treasuries until 2008,
when it was passed by China.
When China’s estimated holdings
peaked last July, it held 48 per-
cent more Treasuries than Japan.
Now,that margin is down to 3
percent, and it could easily van-
ish in coming months.
July was the first month that
the total Treasury debt issued to
the public topped $10 trillion. Of
that, 53 percent was held by over-
seas investors, 30 percent by
American companies and invest-
ors, and the rest by the Fed.
That $10 trillion total is well be-
low the number sometimes re-
ported for the federal debt, which
was almost $16 trillion at the end
of July. 
The larger figure includes
money lent to the Treasury by
other government agencies, prin-
cipally the Social Security Ad-
ministration.
OFF THE CHARTS
As the U.S. Borrows, 
Who Lends?
Floyd Norris comments on fi-
nance and the economy at
nytimes.com/economix.
THE NEW YORK TIMES
Wh
o 
I
s 
O
we
d
 
b
y t
h
e 
U
n
i
te
d
 
S
tates
Despite running budget deficits of more than $1 trillion a year, the 
United States has been able to borrow at very low interest rates.  Over 
the last year, the Federal Reserve, the American central bank, did not 
buy any Treasury securities, but the government had no trouble raising 
cash from domestic and foreign investors. That was true even though 
China, the largest lender to the United States, was selling Treasury 
securities.
Sources: U.S. Treasury Department,
U.S. Federal Reserve, Bloomberg, Haver Analytics
−  0.4
−  0.2
0
+  0.2
+  0.4
+  0.6
+  0.8
 trillion+$1.0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6%
0
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
$1.4 trillion
0
2
4
6
8
$10 trillion
AMERICAN COMPANIES AND INVESTORS
FOREIGN HOLDINGS
FEDERAL RESERVE HOLDINGS
YIELD ON 10-YEAR
TREASURY BOND
RATE ON THREE-MONTH
TREASURY BILL
’12’11’10’09’08’07’06’05’04
’12’11’10’09’08’07’06’05’04
’12’11’10’09’08’07’06’05’04
’12’11’10’09’08’07’06’05’04
CHINA
JAPAN
The Fed has stopped
buying Treasury securities .
 . .
52-week change in Federal Reserve
holdings of Treasury securities
Publicly held federal debt,
from Dec. 2003 through July 2012
Foreign holdings have expanded .
 . .
Holdings of Treasury securities,
from Dec. 2003 through July 2012
.
 . . as Japan catches up with China
.
 . . but the government
pays less to borrow
China isn’t buying
Treasuries. Neither is
the Federal Reserve.
So who is?
By JAMES KANTER
BRUSSELS — The European
Union’s top antitrust regulator,
Joaquín Almunia,said Friday
that there were limits to how
much longer his office would try
to negotiate a settlement with
Google over whether its Internet
search engine favored the com-
pany’s own Web offerings to the
detriment of competitors.
Mr. Almunia, in a news confer-
ence, also said he could still issue
formal charges, known as a state-
ment of objections, against Goo-
gle if the talks did “not give us
the results we are looking for, the
elimination of our concerns in
this market.”
Formal talks have been under
way since July, when Google
agreed to start seeking a deal. It
is trying to settle the matter with-
out having to pay fines or have
tight restrictions placed on its
online search and its highly lu-
crative advertising service. Goo-
gle has said that any adjustments
to its search results are intended
to improve the consumer’s expe-
rience, and not to preserve its
own market share.
Without a settlement, Google
would leave itself open to being
fined as much as 10 percent of its
annual worldwide revenue,
which reached nearly $38 billion
last year, and conform to any Eu-
ropean Union law it was found to
violate before being allowed to
appeal to the General Court of the
European Union.
Mr. Almunia said in May that
he suspected that Google might
have abused its dominance in In-
ternet search by displaying links
to its own services, like Google
maps or images, when it an-
swered a query, preferring them
over those of competitors. Mr.
Almunia also said that Google in-
cluded material in its own search
results copied from competitors’
Web sites, and he expressed con-
cerns about the way the company
conducted its advertising busi-
ness, including how it delivered
search ads on partner sites.
Instead of proceeding with for-
mal charges, Mr. Almunia offered
Google a chance to reach an ami-
cable solution. It was a sign that
European regulators were seek-
ing to avoid a battle that would
drag out for a decade or more, as
in previous cases involving
Microsoft and Intel.
But reaching more rapid settle-
ments also poses challenges, as
Mr. Almunia acknowledged Fri-
day during the news conference.
“On the one hand,” Mr. Almu-
nia said of the Google case, “the
discussions are not easy from the
technical point of view. But at the
same time this process of negoti-
ations and discussions that we
have launched before the sum-
mer break, at the end of June or
beginning of July, cannot be un-
limited.”
Still, drawing out the negotia-
tions for a few more weeks or
even months could benefit Mr.
Almunia  by aligning the time-
table of the European investiga-
tion with an inquiry by the Fed-
eral Trade Commission that be-
gan in June 2011, about six
months after Europe’s.
If the Europeans and the F.T.C.
reached similar conclusions, that
could make it harder for Google,
or even competitors like Micro-
soft, to contest the terms of any
settlement.
Jon Leibowitz,the F.T.C. chair-
man, said Wednesday at an anti-
trust conference in Washington
that his agency intended to de-
cide by the end of the year wheth-
er to bring legal action against
Google for some of the same anti-
competitive practices under ex-
amination in Europe.
But Mr. Leibowitz declined to
comment on whether the F.T.C.
staff had made a recommenda-
tion to the five-person commis-
sion about whether to proceed
with an enforcement action.
“We have not decided as a
commission what we’re going to
do,” he said. “We’re doing what
we’re supposed to be doing —
we’re weighing the evidence,
we’re thinking it through, in a
collective, collaborative, biparti-
san way.”
Europe Hints
At Impatience
In Settling
Google Case
ANDREW HARRER/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Joaquín Almunia, Europe’s
top antitrust regulator. 
Edward Wyatt contributed re-
porting from Washington. 
By BEN SISARIO
For the Universal Music
Group, months of uncertainty
came to an end on Friday when it
received regulatory clearance in
Europe and the United States for
its $1.9 billion takeover of EMI
Music. 
Next week the deal is set to
close, and Lucian Grainge, Uni-
versal’s chairman, plans to ad-
dress the EMI staff in Los Ange-
les as its new leader.
But serious questions about
the deal remain to be answered,
for Universal as well as for artists
and consumers around the world.
On Friday, after negotiations
that lasted through the summer,
the European Commission ap-
proved the deal under the condi-
tion that Universal sell a third of
EMI’s assets. Those include Par-
lophone and various other labels
in Europe, as well as the rights to
release music around the world
by some of EMI’s most famous
acts, including Coldplay, David
Guetta and Pink Floyd.
The Federal Trade Commission
also gave its clearance on Friday,
with no added demands.
“It’s a historic day for UMG,
and a historic day for EMI,” Mr.
Grainge said in an interview. “In-
evitably I’m disappointed that we
were not able to retain Parlo-
phone. However, I can only re-
main focused on the opportunity
and the achievement.”
Where EMI’s castoffs end up
may not be known for months.
According to a memo to EMI em-
ployees sent on Friday by Roger
Faxon, its chief executive, once
Universal completes its takeover
of most of EMI, artists on labels
to be sold will fall under the au-
thority of a “hold separate man-
ager” that will report to a trustee
for the commission. (In that
memo, Mr. Faxon also an-
nounced that he would resign
next week.)
The sale process can take six to
nine months, and potential buy-
ers must have “a proven track
record in the music industry,”
which would exclude private eq-
uity and other bidders.
Joaquín Almunia, the Euro-
pean competition commissioner,
also stressed at a news confer-
ence in Brussels that Universal
must sell at least two-thirds of
the EMI assets it must dispose of
to a company that can serve as a
credible competitor.
Likely buyers include Warner,
Sony and BMG Rights Manage-
ment, a joint venture between
Bertelsmann and Kohlberg Krav-
is Roberts. Various independents
and entrepreneurs in music are
also likely to bid.
The decision by the European
Commission and the F.T.C. was
criticized by many of the consum-
er and independent music groups
that have been speaking out
against the deal for months.
Among their concerns are that
Universal, already the largest
music company, would gain so
much control over the music
market that it could dictate terms
to new digital services.
“It’s good to see that the com-
mission has seen this deal as
such a threat to the market that it
has demanded and received truly
swinging commitments on di-
vestments,” said Martin Mills,
chairman of the independent
Beggars Group. “However, that
should not conceal that  fact that
Universal’s arrogance has paid
off for them, that they have de-
stroyed a significant competitor,
and that even with these divest-
ments their ability to dominate
and control the market has
reached even more unacceptable
levels.”
Jodie Griffin, staff attorney at
Public Knowledge, a digital
rights advocacy group, said that
by failing to block the merger,
“the F.T.C. is allowing UMG to ac-
quire unprecedented market
power and amass a dominant col-
lection of copyright holdings.
UMG can now use those holdings
not just to raise prices for con-
sumers, but also to create a new
tax on innovation among digital
music services.”
For Universal, which agreed to
pay Citigroup the full price of
EMI regardless of regulatory ap-
proval, the value of the deal will
be decided by how much the dis-
posed assets will fetch at auction. 
The value of the assets to be
disposed is not clear. The labels
in Europe are said to generate
about $450 million in annual reve-
nue there, but global rights could
add considerably more. 
“We’ve had enormous interest
from the usual suspects,” Mr.
Grainge said. “Bertelsmann has
been a very aggressive entrant,
and there are other trade buyers
— experienced, well-known mu-
sic professionals. We’re in dis-
cussions with all of them.”
To avoid losing money, Uni-
versal and its parent company,
the French conglomerate Viven-
di, would need to sell assets for as
much or more than they paid. Ac-
cording to Vivendi, it paid seven
times earnings, a high but not ex-
traordinary price by the stand-
ards of other recent music sales.
Some analysts believed that
the deal may turn out well for
Universal, and that the company
will still be likely to find signif-
icant savings through the merg-
er, even with disposals.
“In many ways, Universal and
EMI must be reasonably happy,”
said Claudio Aspesi, a media ana-
lyst at Sanford C. Bernstein &
Company in London. “They
would probably prefer to buy the
whole thing, but still they are
much better of than they were
yesterday.”
MARK METCALFE/GETTY IMAGES
The approval by regulators calls for Universal to sell release rights to Kylie Minogue’s music.
MARK DAVIS/GETTY IMAGES FOR COACHELLA
Also for sale are the rights to release music by David Guetta,one of EMI’s most famous acts.
Some objected to the
control Universal will
now have over the
music market. 
Universal’s Deal for EMI 
Approved by Regulators
Buyer to Sell Parlophone and Other Labels 
James Kanter contributed report-
ing. 
By IAN AUSTEN
OTTAWA — Research in Mo-
tion said that an unidentified
technical problem cut off Black-
Berry e-mail and other services
to some of its customers in Eu-
rope, the Middle East and Africa
for several hours on Friday.
In a statement, Thorsten
Heins, the president and chief ex-
ecutive of RIM,said customers
lost access to e-mail and instant
messages for up to three hours
but added that those messages
were ultimately delivered.
“We are conducting a full tech-
nical analysis of this quality-of-
service issue and will report as
soon as it concludes,” he said.
Mr. Heins said the disruption
involved “up to 6 percent of our
user base.” With RIM’s most re-
cent estimate of 78 million Black-
Berry users worldwide, that
would mean about 4.7 million us-
ers were affected.
Eleven months ago, a pro-
longed shutdown of BlackBerry
services in the same region creat-
ed such a backlog of undelivered
messages within RIM’s comput-
er system that it nearly shut
down global service. 
The company blamed the fail-
ure of a core switch for that inci-
dent. Effectively,a specialized
computer in Slough, England,
that linked RIM’s unique global
network to the Internet as well as
to telephone company networks
failed, as did a backup switch.
To add to RIM’s embarrass-
ment, Friday’s failure came on
the same day that Apple began
selling a new version of the
iPhone, the device that dislodged
the BlackBerry as the defining
smartphone of the era.
While RIM’s global network al-
lows the company to provide high
levels of security on BlackBerrys
used by corporate and govern-
ment customers, it has been
prone to occasional, widespread
failures. Other smartphones do
not funnel their data through a
centralized system,making wide-
spread service outages unlikely.
RIM’s already depressed stock
price continued to sink over the
last year and the BlackBerry glo-
bal market share fell by more
than half,to under 5  percent.
RIM has also delayed the intro-
duction of a new line of phones
and operating system. 
BlackBerrys
Fail Overseas
B4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Airlines vs. Frequent-Flier Sites
Delta Air Lines is the latest big carrier to crack down on start-up
Web sites that aim to help travelers manage their frequent-flier miles
from multiple airlines.
Travelers provide their user names and passwords for their airline
mileage programs (and other loyalty programs, like those offered by
hotels). The Web sites use them to obtain balances and mileage expi-
ration dates, so the travelers can see all this information in one place.
The sites can also help users figure out when to pay cash for a ticket,
and when it makes sense to use miles.
In April, the Your Money columnist,Ron Lieber,wrote about efforts
by American Airlines and Southwest Airlines to block several such
sites, including MileWise, from gaining access to information from the
airlines’ Web sites.
NowMileWise says it has stopped offering access to information
from users’ accounts at Delta after the airline sent the site a “cease
and desist” letter last month. AwardWallet, too, has stopped serving
Delta fliers after it got a letter from Delta’s lawyers.
A Delta spokesman, Paul Skrbec,said in an e-mail that while the
airline understood that some customers had become accustomed to
using sites like AwardWallet, “we do not have a contractual relation-
ship with them.” He added, “The use of information from delta.com
was unauthorized and employed automated screen scraping tech-
niques that we don’t allow.”
ANN CARRNS
COMMENT
Why does industry do things like this? They shoot them-
selves when they block things that are useful to consumers. How is hav-
ing another place, with the consumer’s permission, keep track of fre-
quent-flier miles, bad for the airlines? Are they afraid that mistakes
might be caught? Or are they just being “stupid”?
— Hen3ry, New York
Care Policies
Bought Early
The average age of those buy-
ing long-term care insurance has
been falling, as people seek to
balance the possible need for
nursing home or in-home care
with the considerable cost of the
insurance premiums. Even some
very young people are buying
the insurance, and a few are
making claims, according to an
industry group.
Last year, 3.5 percent of indi-
vidual policies were bought by
people 44 or under, according to
the American Association for
Long-Term Care Insurance,
which tracks industry data and
trends. (In contrast, 56.5 percent
of individual buyers last year
were 55 to 64, and the average
age is now 57, down from 67
about a decade ago, according to
the association.)
The association didn’t gather
information about why younger
adults make claims under the
policies. But it is likely that they
had an accident or developed a
serious medical condition that
required longer periods of care,
said Jesse Slome,the associa-
tion’s executive director. (People
who already have serious medi-
cal conditions are ineligible for
long-term care insurance, which
requires health assessments be-
fore applicants obtain coverage.)
But does purchasing a long-
term care policy at a young age
generally make financial sense?
Younger people tend to qualify
for coverage more easily and
pay lower premiums. A policy
that provides for $164,000 in
benefits before it runs out, with
the option to increase coverage
in the future, costs about $635
annually for a 25-year-old, ac-
cording to the association’s 2012
price index.
Enid Kassner of the AARP’s
Public Policy Institute said peo-
ple in their 20s and 30s should be
cautious about buying the insur-
ance because while the premium
may seem low, it’s difficult to
predict whether it will continue
to be affordable over a long peri-
od. 
Most policyholders, she noted,
don’t use their benefits until
they are in their 80s. If young
buyers later decide that they
can’t afford or don’t want to con-
tinue the insurance, they will
have wasted all the premiums
they paid because they don’t ac-
crue to your benefit the way
they might with certain kinds of
life insurance. (And young hold-
ers should expect that premiums
will go up over time, she said.
Most policies are meant to have
stable premiums, but insurers
can impose increases, some-
times large ones, on an entire
class of policyholders.)
While Ms. Kassner said she fo-
cused on policy issues,she add-
ed,“The advice I tend to give is,
you should only buy if you intend
to keep it.”
Would you consider buying
long-term care insurance before
you turn 50?
— ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
My brother-in-law’s
parents had five to six long-term
care policies. His 85-year-old mom
had a stroke, etc., and only one of
the policies paid anything. My
brother-in-law said the premiums
weren’t worth it. Basically his fa-
ther,who had bought the policies
years and years ago thinking he
was protecting himself,was actu-
ally throwing his money away. Be
careful of what you buy.
— Steve, Los Angeles
I did,in my late 40s. I’m now in
my late 50s, no children, and my
policy is under $500 a year, I am
very glad to have it.... even if I
never use it, it affords some peace
of mind.— Kate, Salt Lake City
Currently 49, I’ve considered
buying long-term care insurance,
but the devil is in the details and
my question is who exactly will be
doing all that paperwork if I need
to access the coverage at an ad-
vanced age?— Fred, New York
And not only that, but will your
insurance provider still be solvent
when you need the care?
— Rita, California
Lamenting
Money Moves
Many of us have made bad de-
cisions that have hit our bank ac-
counts — sometimes hard. Take
my brilliant (not) move 12 years
ago, at the height of the Internet
bubble, to put $2,000 in the Janus
Mercury fund, which had dazzled
me with its soaring performance. 
We all know how that story
ended: Mercury burst along with
the tech bubble.
So I was somewhat comforted
to read the results of a study by
the Consumer Federation of
America and the financial serv-
ices firm Primerica, which found
that two-thirds of middle-class
Americans admit to having made
costly financial mistakes.
Sixty-seven percent said they
had made at least one “really
bad” financial decision, and near-
ly half acknowledged more than
one. The median cost was $5,000,
but the average was $23,000.
What’s the worst financial de-
cision you have ever made? 
ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
Selling Apple at $21.
— Harry, Philadelphia
Spending $5,000 on surgery and
three days of vet care for my 13-
year-old dog and then having to
put him down anyway.
— anony, Washington
Bought a condo when I moved
to Miami, lost about $100,000,
learned what a bubble looks like. 
— BB, Miami
Taking Social Security at 62
rather than waiting until later.
—ken h, Pittsburgh
CARLOS OSORIO/ASSOCIATED PRESS
AwardWallet stopped serving Delta fliers after a warning.
the millions of people who have
negative net worths well into
adulthood thanks to their student
loan debt. 
In certain respects, it’s bewil-
dering that this is our current
state of affairs. How can it be that
the more tuition costs rise, the
fewer opportunities there seem
to be for educated people in their
20s and 30s to move seamlessly
into jobs that offer health insur-
ance and pay enough to cover
their living expenses?
The parents of adult children
don’t have good answers to this
question; they simply write
checks,if they can. Patrick
Wightman,a postdoctoral fellow
at the University of Michigan,
points to data showing that near-
ly 60 percent of 23- to 25-year-
olds report receiving some kind
of financial assistance from their
parents. 
To parents like Kevin O’Brien,
a 70-year-old retiree who divides
his time between Park City, Utah,
and Naples, Fla., this is simply
the new order of things, some-
thing that needs to be part of ev-
ery parent’s financial planning. 
He methodically ticked off the
help he has provided his three
children during divorce or job
loss and transition and the assist-
ance his sisters and close friends
have provided. “We see it again
and again,” he said. “Most people
don’t like to talk about it, but the
people you spend a lot of time
with, the stories come out over
lunch or a drink.”
This has required a bit of sacri-
fice fromMr. O’Brien, a retired
physicist,and his wife, a retired
pediatrician, but not so much that
they don’t do it willingly. “When
they get in trouble, I don’t want
them to go so far downhill that
they’ll never get out,” he said.
“As a parent and grandparent, I
think it’s a fundamental responsi-
bility for me and one I’m gladly
willing to fulfill.”
Indeed, parents who provide fi-
nancial help often speak in the
language of necessity. To Karen
Kline in Orinda, Calif.,the idea of
her lawyer son and graphic de-
signer daughter not having
health insurance was “unaccept-
able.” So she paid for it until they
qualified for the benefit at their
jobs. Ms. Kline, now 63 years old,
has savings and will retire in two
months with a pension, so she
was able to afford the help. 
Then there are the scores of
young adults taking up tempo-
rary residence in their childhood
bedrooms. The author Sally Kos-
lowrefers to a bed and cable ac-
cess as “the middle-class trust
fund” in her recently published
book “Slouching Toward Adult-
hood.”
Her son Jed,a lawyer, availed
himself of the room in Manhattan
more than a decade ago during a
brief period of career and geo-
graphic transition and said his ar-
rangement provoked a bit of jeal-
ousy. “So many friends who had
moved to New York City for the
first time after college said that
they would totally live at home if
they had that opportunity,” he
said.
When I suggested to Mr. O’Bri-
en that all of this parental assist-
ance might strike people as so
much coddling, he responded
swiftly with a barnyard epithet.
Things are different now, he not-
ed. When he went to work for Bell
Labs in 1969, his $16,000 salary
was enough to afford a $32,000
family-size home in New Jersey.
Today, that home would cost
$500,000. 
These parents don’t deliver the
usual platitudes about the next
generation doing better than the
last. They’re merely trying to
guard against downward mobil-
ity, which is a natural instinct. 
But many young adults don’t
have families that can cushion
their entry into adulthood. Jenna
Leigh Wilson has just over
$100,000 of student loan debt af-
ter earning degrees from Villano-
va and the University of Pennsyl-
vania. Her mother died three
years ago of breast cancer, she
still has three siblings in college
or younger and her father isn’t in
a position to help her financially. 
Ms. Wilson, now a 27-year-old
high school history teacher,is
able to manage the debt thanks
to the federal programthat al-
lows her to make student loan
payments based on what she can
afford. Any remaining balance
will be waived in another decade
or two depending on whether she
sticks with full-time teaching. 
She tries not to resent peers
who have it easier. “I think what
is most upsetting to me is that the
decisions I made at 17 and the
perspective I had at 17 now com-
pletely color the future I’m going
to have at 27,” she said. 
Indeed, without any family as-
sistance in their 20s and 30s, peo-
ple like her have little margin for
error. They’re the ones who be-
lieved the well-meaning grown-
ups who told them as teenagers
and 22-year-olds to go to the best
college and graduate schools
they could. They accepted the
gospel that any education debt
was good debt.
Alexandra Kimball, a 34-year-
old Canadian writer, has seen this
predicament from two starkly dif-
ferent sides. Her essay in the
online magazine Hazlitt about
trying to make it as a young jour-
nalist has been ricocheting
around the Web for the last
month, and reading it forever
changed the way I will look at ev-
ery résumé I see. 
For years, she was deeply in
debt and lacking the kind of per-
sonal safety net that comes from
having access to money even if
you don’t have your own savings
account. “People are not neces-
sarily rich, but they are middle-
class and can sometimes borrow
from their families,” she said. 
Ms. Kimball was on welfare for
a brief period when she couldn’t
find work in any field. “You just
wind up in this mad scramble,”
she said, having defined it in her
essay as a sort of vocational
Whac-A-Mole. “I have to pay
$400 by the end of the month.
What am I going to do? When
you’re doing that kind of short-
term financial planning, what
kind of gets lost is this idea of a
career trajectory.”
Unless you get lucky — as Ms.
Kimball did. Asurprise inherit-
ance allowed her to retire her
debt and pursue her chosen field.
In an instant, everything
changed. “The really stunning
thing for me was the mental free-
dom,” she said. “The rodentlike
quality of my broke life, which
was this scrambling feeling in-
side of me all the time, is gone.”
Ms. Kimball was fortunate. But
there could be another option
even for people who can’t count
on an inheritance or a loan from
their parents. Forward-thinking
families might consider estab-
lishing a loan pool, a concept that
was new to me until I heard
about it this week.
“It started when my grand-
mother died,” said George Lewis,
an 82-year-old lawyer in Quincy,
Ill., one of nine siblings who grew
up on a small farm and all gradu-
ated from the University of Illi-
nois. “She had a strong belief in
education. Because of her, in-
stead of flowers, we started a
fund for college scholarships.”
Today, the nearly 50-year-old
fund actually lends money inter-
est-free, and the funds are now
available to scores of members of
the extended clan. Any family
could mimic this pretty easily
and hand out loans to young
adults in a number of circum-
stances. 
The fund that Mr. Lewis has
helped administer now holds
$111,000, having grown larger
over the years from bequests and
the proceeds of auctions at family
reunions. “I don’t think any of us
in our wildest dreams thought it
would get to this point,” said Matt
Lewis, George’s grandnephew, a
25-year-old college basketball
coach who benefited from the
fund. “We don’t realize how lucky
we are that our family has some-
thing like this.” 
DILIP VISHWANAT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
George Lewis’s family started a fund nearly 50 years ago to help young relatives pay for their educations with interest-free loans.
The Living Inheritance Many Parents Provide
Financial assistance
for adult children can
help determine who
gets ahead.
From First Business Page
By JESSICA SILVER-GREENBERG
Standard Chartered, the Brit-
ish bank accused of illegally fun-
neling money for Iranian banks
and corporations, signed a settle-
ment on Friday with New York
State’s top banking regulator.
Bank executives agreed last
month to pay $340 million to set-
tle claims that Standard Char-
tered moved hundreds of billions
of dollars in tainted money and
lied to regulators. Until Friday,
however, the final details had not
been hashed out.
The final agreement allows the
150-year-old bank to move be-
yond its clash with Benjamin M.
Lawsky and the agency he heads,
the 11-month-old New York De-
partment of Financial Services.
The state regulator moved alone
to accuse Standard Chartered in
August of working for nearly a
decade with Iran to hide from
regulators 60,000 transactions
worth $250 billion.
In the harried days after Mr.
Lawsky threatened to revoke
Standard Chartered’s banking li-
cense, executives with the bank,
whose stock was battered after
the accusations, scrambled to
reach some agreement with the
state regulator. The bank’s chief
executive, Peter Sands,flew to
New York from London to help
reach a deal in August. 
Friday’s agreement solidifies
the terms of the initial settlement
that was announced on Aug. 14.
Standard Chartered has agreed
to pay the fine,which is a huge
sum for a single state regulator.
The $340 million will go entirely
to Mr. Lawsky’s department and
then into the state government’s
general fund. 
Under the terms of the settle-
ment, the bank will also install a
person for at least two years to
scrutinize the bank’s money-
laundering controls and put in
permanent officials who will au-
dit the bank’s internal pro-
cedures.
Federal authorities, including
the Manhattan district attorney
and the Justice Department,
have their own investigations
into Standard Chartered’s activi-
ties. The bank is expected to re-
solve any criminal allegations
with the prosecutors by next
week, according to law enforce-
ment officials. The settlement
amount is still being debated, law
enforcement officials said. 
Standard Chartered had main-
tained that only $14 million of the
$250 billion in transactions vio-
lated federal regulations. Until
2008, federal law permitted for-
eign banks to transfer money for
Iranian clients through their
American subsidiaries to another
foreign institution.
In conversations with federal
and state prosecutors, lawyers
for the bank have argued that a
large majority of the transactions
under scrutiny fell squarely into
that loophole, according to law
enforcement officials. Noticeably
absent from Friday’s settlement
was whether Standard Chartered
admitted or denied wrongdoing. 
While the bank acknowledges
that it processed 59,000 trans-
actions valued at roughly $250
billion, Standard Chartered does
not say those transfers violated
federal law. The omission is im-
portant as federal and state pros-
ecutors determine the extent of
the wrongdoing, according to
people close to the bank. 
In the weeks before Mr. Law-
sky’s action against the bank,
Justice Department officials had
concluded that the bulk of the
transactions at issue had com-
plied with United States law, cur-
rent and former authorities said.
Mr. Lawsky based his case
against the bank, in large part, on
claims that it had violated state
law by masking the identities of
its Iranian clients, lying to reg-
ulators and thwarting American
efforts to detect money launder-
ing. 
Those claims against the bank
started   an international fire-
storm that put the regulator into
the spotlight.The accusations
also pitted Mr. Lawsky against
federal authorities who thought
he was overstepping his bounds
and British authorities who ac-
cused him of damaging the rep-
utation of their banks.
British Bank Solidifies Deal With State Regulator 
Standard Chartered
will pay $340 million
to settle claims of
money laundering.
Should people who have had
no financial help from their
families get more credit for their
accomplishments than people
who did? Offer your view.
nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:WHERE CREDIT IS DUE 
N
B5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
PERSONAL BUSINESS 
Securities and Exchange Commission
created the Office of the Whistleblower.
It began operating in August 2011, and
received 2,700 tips in the first year, said
Sean McKessy,chief of the office.
“Not every tip was a home run, but
I’ve been surprised by the quality,” he
said. “We require that people sign a dec-
laration under penalty of perjury that
the information they are submitting is
true. It’s a control. We didn’t want to be
inundated with nonsense.”
Last month, the office made its first
award of $50,000, which was a third of
the fine collected. Mr. McKessy de-
fended what was a meager sum by
whistle-blower standards, saying he
would be happy if his office consistently
paid out small sums over many years.
“That will show that we’re getting to
things before they get to a catastrophic
level,” he said.
So if you still want to be a whistle-
blower,what should you do?
The short answer is to think long and
hard about it. All the lawyers I talked to
— and they’ve all made millions of dol-
lars from cases like these —said they
discouraged anyone who walked into
their offices from becoming a whistle-
blower. Doing the right thing, they said
they tell their visitors, will be emotion-
ally costly, even if there’s eventually a
monetary award. 
“There is a 100 percent chance that
you will be unemployed —the question
is, Will you be forever unemployable?”
said Patrick Burns,a spokesman for
Taxpayers Against Fraud. “The other
100 percent factor is the person who
fired you, the person who designed and
implemented the fraud, won’t be fired.
He’ll probably be promoted again.”
Stephen M. Kohn,one of Mr. Birken-
feld’s lawyers and the author of “The
Whistleblower’s Handbook,” said that
despite laws to protect whistle-blowers
against retaliation, companies still mar-
ginalized and harassed employees who
came forward.
Then,there is the length of these
trials to consider. Mr. Phillips said he
spent 10 years representing two of the
whistle-blowers in a case against Glaxo-
SmithKline that centered on accusa-
tions that it promoted its antipsychotic
drugs for unapproved uses. The case
was settled in July for $3 billion. 
There was a divide on how much the
award mattered to whistle-blowers. Mr.
Kohn said the rewards were often the
deciding factor in whether to go ahead
with a case.
Other people said whistle-blowers
were motivated more by the desire to
right a wrong, particularly in instances
where people’s lives were at risk.
“When people talk about the big whis-
tle-blower payouts, I say,you don’t get
it,” Mr. Burns said. “You don’t see the
train of pain I see every day. They can’t
tell you their story without quivering
and crying, even though they’re million-
aires.”
But since the failure rate of these
cases is so high — 80 percent are not
pursued by the Justice Department pro-
gram — whistle-blowers want confiden-
tiality. That is not always possible. 
When people come forward under the
False Claims Act, their identity may be
protected at first, but since they are es-
sentially filing a case on behalf of the
United States,it will eventually come
out. 
When people send claims to the I.R.S.
and S.E.C. programs,these are consid-
ered administrative actions, not cases,
which gives whistle-blowers a better
chance of anonymity. 
“We can’t guarantee their name
won’t come out since they may be called
as a witness,” said Stephen A.Whitlock,
director of the I.R.S. Whistleblower Of-
fice. “Generally when it does get out, it’s
because of something the whistle-blow-
er did, not something we did.”
So who makes a good whistle-blow-
er? Someone who has a lot of detailed
information that the government could
not learn about otherwise. But since the
people who have that kind of informa-
tion are usually high-ranking and have
a lot to lose, they are not easy to find. 
This is where Mr. Kohn said the head-
line-making awards were so important.
“It’s pie in the sky,” he said. “But it is
what it takes to have an employee risk
everything.”
Mr. Birkenfeld’s award, though, is
complicated. Depending on your point
of view, he is either a felon who was
complicit in the crime he reported and
does not deserve his reward or he is a
new type of whistle-blower — one with
knowledge of a complicated crime that
came from being part of it. 
His lawyer said paying a reward to
someone like Mr. Birkenfeld sent a posi-
tive message. “These laws are designed
to induce those who may have been par-
ticipants and done lots of bad things for
years to come forward,” he said.
“They’re designed to instill distrust
among the conspirators, especially in a
complex white-collar fraud.”
Mr. Birkenfeld is being credited with
unlocking billions of dollars of tax reve-
nue that had been hidden in offshore
banking accounts. 
By law, the I.R.S. cannot comment on
individual cases. But in general,it said
that to get good information, it may
need to rely on people who do bad
things. “The people who will know what
is going on often times don’t have clean
hands,” Mr. Whitlock said. “The law rec-
ognizes that,and that’s O.K.”
(The statute draws a distinction be-
tween a participant, who is eligible for
an award, and the mastermind, who is
not.)
Mr. Kohn, who started defending
whistle-blowers in the 1980s, said there
were still a few whistle-blowers who
would risk everything without any
chance of a reward. He cited another cli-
ent, Richard Convertino,a former as-
sistant United States attorney in De-
troit,as an example of just how messy
these suits can become.
Mr. Convertino prosecuted the first
post-Sept.11 terrorism case against a
sleeper cell in Detroit. He won a convic-
tion of three of the four men involved,
but in 2003 he was removed from the
case. The convictions were later over-
turned after he was charged with with-
holding evidence. Mr. Convertino said
that he did not withhold information
and that the Justice Department tried to
discredit him because he was talking to
Senator Charles E. Grassley, Republi-
can of Iowa who is a champion of whis-
tle-blowers, about failings in the Justice
Department’s war on terror. 
Even though the criminal case
brought by the government against him
was thrown out, Mr. Convertino said he
had spent his life’s savings on nearly a
decade of litigation to clear his name.
And while he is working as a lawyer, he
is not earning close to the $130,000 he
made as an assistant United States at-
torney.
Still, he won a small victory in June
when the United States Court of Ap-
peals for the District of Columbia re-
instated his case to determine the iden-
tity of the person who leaked informa-
tion about an internal government in-
vestigation about him. 
“I think we’re going to prevail,” he
said. “I’m not going to get $104 million.
But I’ll get a different pot of gold that is
more important to me. I’ve lost every-
thing, but I haven’t lost me.” 
WEALTH MATTERS 
The Price Whistle-Blowers Pay for Divulging Their Secrets
An emotional cost to
doing the right thing,
even if there’s eventually
a monetary award.
PAUL SANCYA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Richard Convertino, a former assistant United States attorney in Detroit,
says that he has spent his life’s savings on litigation to clear his name. 
By ALINA TUGEND
I
RECENTLY found myself in a posi-
tion where I had some moral
qualms about a writing assignment.
No, it wasn’t for this publication,
and no, I wasn’t being asked to make up
quotes or leave out pertinent facts.But I
was being asked to phrase things in a
way I didn’t feel totally comfortable
with.
I spoke to the editor without much
luck. I debated what to do. Should I
withdraw the article, though it would
cause considerable problems to the edi-
tor at this late date? Should I ask for my
byline to be removed?
In the end, I decided to let the story
run. But I vowed I would never write for
the publication again.
The incident made me reflect on how
things can seem so black and white
when you’re outside a situation, and yet
so difficult when you’re entangled in it.
How do we find a framework for ad-
dressing ethical issues in our everyday
lives? 
First, it’s important to know what eth-
ics are not, said Judy Nadler,a senior
fellow in government ethics at the
Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at
Santa Clara University.
“They’re not, ‘Well everyone else is
doing it,so it must be O.K.,’” she said.
The Web site for her center lays out oth-
er things ethics are not: they aren’t the
same as feelings,because many people
feel good even though they are doing
something wrong. And often our feel-
ings will tell us it’s uncomfortable to do
the right thing if it is hard.
They’re not just following the law.
Laws can become ethically corrupt, and
there are things strictly allowed by law
that we would consider unethical, like
some of the activity on Wall Street that
led to the financial crisis, Ms. Nadler
said. “I always say the law is the floor,
not the ceiling.” 
So how do we determine if we’re act-
ing ethically?
“If, at the end of the day, can you say,
‘I got all the facts, not just the ones I
agreed with’?” Ms. Nadler said. “Can
you say you looked at all the options,
not just the convenient ones? If I did all
those things and answered them hon-
estly, then I can say I did my very best.”
Most of us know the situation where
we’re asked by a boss to do something
that makes us uneasy. And these situa-
tions can rankle us for years. 
My father still remembers an incident
back in 1979 when he worked, as he did
for most of his professional life, as a sci-
ence writer and communications direc-
tor at the University of California, Los
Angeles.
A small research nuclear reactor on
the campus became the focus of a group
of student protesters, whom my father
said he “instinctively sympathized
with.” And he had some social connec-
tion with the parents of the leader of the
group.
“On the other hand,” he said, “there
were the professors and administration
with whom I worked day by day and
whom I generally respected, who as-
sured me that the reactor was com-
pletely safe, had passed all inspections
and was needed to train a generation of
future nuclear engineers — then
thought to be the world’s solution to the
energy problem.” 
My father, who didn’t have the techni-
cal background to know what was right,
wrote the news release quoting a nucle-
ar engineering professor stating that
the reactor was safe.
He loved his job, was putting two chil-
dren through college and had one in
high school. Yet the episode still bothers
him years later, and in retrospect, put in
the same position today, he said he
might have at least discussed his reser-
vations with his boss and perhaps asked
if someone else could be assigned to
deal with the media on this issue.
My father’s instinct — that he should
have talked about his ethical qualms —
is a good one, said Susan Dwyer,an as-
sociate professor of philosophy at the
University of Maryland.
“I think people have a great deal of
difficulty being honest and straightfor-
ward,” Professor Dwyer said. “I’m an
Australian and I find Americans are
really coy about saying,‘This is an un-
comfortable situation and I don’t want
to do it.’” That’s true in personal and
well as professional relationships, she
said.
You also have to be aware that if you
work in a place where the culture im-
plicitly or explicitly encourages unethi-
cal behavior, you’re going to face the
same quandary over and over, said
Thomas White,professor of business
ethics at Loyola Marymount University.
“You have to ask yourself, even if I
get through this situation, is it going to
come up again? If the message is,
‘Make those numbers no matter what,’
if you find yourself in a moral dilemma,
you want to be ruthlessly realistic with
yourself and start developing an exit
strategy,” Professor White said. “You’re
just kidding yourself if you think it
won’t happen again.”
But Professor White also acknowl-
edged a hard truth:It’s easier to have
higher ethical standards in good eco-
nomic times than bad. 
His department’s Web site offered
helpful ways to think through an ethical
problem. Analyze the consequences:
Who will be helped by what you do?
Who will be hurt?What kind of benefits
and harms are we talking about,and
how does this look over the long run as
well as the short term?
But don’t make the mistake of assum-
ing that people who have strong princi-
ples and never compromise are neces-
sarily “better.”
“We often admire this kind of back-
bone and we are apt to attribute cour-
age to those who run considerable risks
in sticking to their guns,” said Professor
Dwyer, who teaches moral philosophy
focusing on issues like abortion, pornog-
raphy and assisted suicide. “But some
people might stick to their guns — act
on their principles, come what may —
because they are cowardly. They simply
don’t want to think through the compli-
cations of particular cases and reach for
a rule or principle. This represents a re-
fusal to honestly engage with the messi-
ness of human life, while at the same
time allowing the person to bask in self-
righteousness.”
And of course, ethics change. Randy
Cohen, who wrote The Ethicist column
for The New York Times from 1999 to
2011,said that when he first started, he
was asked by a woman going out on a
blind date whether it was ethical to Goo-
gle her date.
“How the world has changed,” he
said. “Now, no one wouldn’t think of not
Googling a blind date.” 
The most common ethical question he
was asked about over the years con-
cerned a “duty to report.” That is, you
find out a friend’s spouse is having an
extramarital affair. A college roommate
is cheating by downloading papers from
the Internet. 
Do you tell?
In terms of the friend, he said, it de-
pends on whether you’re getting a
strong message that the friend wants to
know. If not, be silent, he said.
With the roommate question, Mr. Co-
hen, the author of “Be Good: How to
Navigate the Ethics of Everything”
(Chronicle Books, 2012),said he liked
the rule some universities had come up
with:You have a duty to act.
“You can talk to your roommate. You
can go a professor or department chair
and say there’s cheating going on with-
out naming names. But you can’t do
nothing,” he said.
So how do I feel now about my ethical
quandary? The best I can do, I believe,
is use what I’ve learned as a guideline
for how I will address the next moral is-
sue I will inevitably face.
As Mr. Cohen said: “We can’t ask
people to be perfect. But we can ask
them to strive to be good.”
SHORTCUTS
Doing the Right Thing,
Whatever That Is
E-mail: shortcuts@nytimes.com
JAMES NIELSEN/GETTY IMAGES
Laid-off employees at Enron’s Houston headquarters on Dec. 3, 2001. Accounting fraud led to the company’s collapse.
Most of us know the
situation where we’re
asked to do something
that makes us uneasy.
What would you do if you knew
about something, perhaps in your
workplace or among your circle of
friends, that amounted to defrauding the
government? Share your thoughts.
nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:THE WHISTLE IS YOURS
From First Business Page
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on the Op-Ed page
seven days a week.
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Tamsyn Vohradsky displays her iPhone 5 after becoming the first buyer of Apple’s new smartphone in Sydney, Australia, on Fri-
day.Analysts, noting long lines of eager buyers, estimated Apple would sell eight million of the devices in its first weekend. 
Another iPhone, Another Throng of Early-to-Rise Adopters
Charge, a decision that surprised
me, since I thought I wanted the
same iPhone 4 all my cool friends
had. The BlackBerry was sadly
lacking, and the iPhone was a
strong contender. What won me
over was Samsung’s large
screen. Despite my large hands, I
could type on the virtual key-
board with a fair degree of accu-
racy.(Try correcting typos when
you’re frantically searching for
information on a Web browser or
entering passwords.) Photos also
looked better, and Samsung’s 4G
was faster, although I often found
myself stuck in a 3G backwater.
And it still fit in my pocket.
I can’t say my subsequent ex-
perience has been flawless. At
one point the Charge stopped
functioning, a failure that
stumped the technicians at a Ve-
rizon service center. But they re-
placed the phone at no charge to
me, and thanks to Google, all my
contact information was backed
up and easily migrated to the
new device. Since then,I’ve been
comfortably embedded in a
seamless Android world of
e-mail, maps, directions, search
and Web browsing even while
continuing to use other Apple
products.
But the competitive landscape
has changed in just a year, with
Samsung’s introduction of the
Galaxy S III and now Apple’s re-
lease of the iPhone 5. My Charge
already seems obsolete. Apple
appears to have addressed all the
issues that bothered me about
the iPhone 4: the screen is bigger
(though still not as big as the
Charge’s or the Galaxy’s) and it
offers 4G. It’s also lighter and, in
my view, looks better than my
Charge. But Samsung is so confi-
dent that its Galaxy S III holds up
favorably to the iPhone 5 that it
started an aggressive national
advertising campaign with a
head-to-head comparison be-
tween the two handsets, high-
lighting a list of features the
iPhone lacks. And Samsung said
it has a more sophisticated Gal-
axy handset waiting in the wings
that will offer an even bigger
screen.
Several experts and analysts I
spoke to this week said that Sam-
sung was a formidable competi-
tor that had moved ahead of Ap-
ple in some aspects. Samsung
“has come out with really attrac-
tive phones,” Toni Sacconaghi,
senior technology analyst at San-
ford C. Bernstein & Company,
said. “They have large screens,
great display, faster processors
than Apple. Apple hasn’t been at
the front edge of hardware de-
sign for a couple of years.”
Tero Kuittinen, an analyst at
the mobile communications con-
sulting firm Alekstra,agreed.
“The iPhone has remained pretty
much static now for three gener-
ations,” he said. “The first iPhone
was a revelation, in a class of its
own.” With Apple holding on to
the same interface for five years,
“you can still claim the interface
is better, but the difference has
been shrinking every year,” he
said. “On display, you can argue
Samsung has taken the lead.
Maybe you can slam Samsung
for being an imitator, but when
they imitate,they do it right.”
Whether Samsung was inno-
vating, imitating or illegally
copying was at the heart of the
complex patent suit. Samsung
has appealed the jury’s verdict
and has its own claims against
Apple. But nearly everyone I
spoke to shrugged off the longer-
term implications, saying tech-
nology is developing so quickly
that the lawsuits may soon be ir-
relevant.
One group that Samsung clear-
ly hasn’t won over is design pur-
ists. “Samsung is second to none
in manufacturing and technology
capabilities, but from a design
perspective, it’s soulless com-
pared to Apple,” Gadi Amit, a
founder of NewDealDesign in
San Francisco, told me. “You hold
the new iPhone,and you see and
feel the difference immediately.
The iPhone uses aluminum and
glass, and both materials are con-
sidered noble from a design per-
spective. Samsung sticks to a lot
of plastic, which is lower cost, not
to say cheap. Worse, they use a
surface finish to make it look like
aluminum. It’s fake. That’s a big
no-no in design circles. It’s very
uncool. The era of faux materials
went out a long time ago.”
Robert Cihra, a managing di-
rector and technology specialist
at the investment bank Evercore
Partners,agreed that “it’s a tall
order to compete with Apple on
the coolness factor, at least for
now.” He added:“There’s no
technology product that even
comes close from a loyal fan base
and cool factor perspective. The
Apple stores are more beautiful
than Louis Vuitton stores. It all
goes hand-in-hand: branding,
messaging, stores, advertising,
the product, the mythology. It’s
amazing. But that could change.”
Samsung made two major deci-
sions that enabled it to vault over
RIM and Nokia, and then chal-
lenge and surpass Apple in mar-
ket share. It wholeheartedly em-
braced Google’s Android operat-
ing system, which leveraged
Google’s software research and
development prowess and let
Samsung focus exclusively on
hardware, where it has long ex-
celled. RIM and Nokia, by con-
trast, continued to struggle with
their own aging and costly soft-
ware systems as Android and Ap-
ple’s iOS all but established a glo-
bal duopoly.
“To my mind, the competition
comes down to the software plat-
forms,” Mr. Cihra said. “Pre-
iPhone, cellphones competed on
size, weight, battery life, camera.
Those things are still important,
but what Apple really did was
change the game away from
small hardware tweaks to the
software platform. The strength
of the iPhone is the operating
system.” He noted that once con-
sumers were happily embedded
in an operating ecosystem, seam-
lessly connected to other serv-
ices and devices, they were hard
to pry loose. “That cohesiveness
is a big part of what they’re com-
peting on,” he said.
At this juncture, Android has
emerged as the most popular op-
erating system (68 percent of the
smartphone market, compared
with Apple’s 17 percent,accord-
ing to IDC), in large part because
Apple doesn’t compete at the
lower end. Samsung took the op-
posite approach by making hand-
sets that cater to every part of
the market. Its huge economies
of scale and global reach have
given it advantages over other
Android competitors like HTC of
Taiwan and Motorola Mobility,
now owned by Google, Mr. Sacco-
naghi said.
Mr. Kuittinen noted that “Sam-
sung’s low-end strategy has been
incredibly effective.” He added,
“There are big long-term benefits
from building a low-end founda-
tion,” because customers stay
with the brand when they trade
up. “The Galaxy III became a
huge success because of Sam-
sung’s strong portfolio in Brazil,
India, Indonesia and China.
What’s fascinating about Apple is
its refusal to get aggressive in
emerging markets. They basical-
ly ceded the crown to Samsung.
You can understand that they
don’t want to dilute their margins
by competing on price. But at
some point,they may have to ac-
cept lower growth or go after
Samsung.”
By concentrating on the high
end, Apple remains far more
profitable than Samsung, ac-
counting for more than two-
thirds of the profits from smart-
phones, according to Canaccord
Genuity, an investment bank,
while Samsung accounted for
about a third.The two compa-
nies, in fact,accounted for all of
the profits from smartphones be-
cause other makers,like Nokia
and Research in Motion, are los-
ing money, the bank said. 
The good news for consumers
is that competition has produced
better and cheaper mobile
phones at an astonishing rate. No
one I talked to thought either Ap-
ple or Samsung could rest on its
laurels or market share. With its
purchase of Motorola’s opera-
tions, Google looms large as a
new competitive threat, and
there’s intense speculation about
what it will come up with. If any-
thing, the competition is heating
up.
“Samsung has done the best
job of leveraging Android to its
advantage,” Mr. Cihra said.
“Over the last year,it’s come
down to Apple, Samsung and ev-
eryone else. But it’s deeper than
Apple vs. Samsung. Samsung is
the flag bearer for the Android
system. It’s Apple vs. Android.
That’s where the real competi-
tion is going to be.”
IPhone 5 Fever? Don’t
Count Samsung Out
LEE JIN-MAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Samsung introduced its high-
end Galaxy S III in May.
The South Korean
firm has a strong
lead in global mobile
phone sales. 
From First Business Page
By GRETCHEN MORGENSON
Franklin D. Raines, who re-
signed as chief executive of Fan-
nie Mae in late 2004 amid revela-
tions of extensive accounting im-
proprieties at the mortgage fi-
nance company, has been dis-
missed from a long-running civil
suit brought by Fannie Mae in-
vestors hoping to recover dam-
ages. 
The federal judge overseeing
the class action, Richard J. Leon
of the United States District
Court  for the District of Colum-
bia,ruled on Thursday that the
investors’ lawyers had not
proved that Mr. Raines knowing-
ly misled shareholders about the
company’s accounting and inter-
nal controls, a necessary hurdle
for the case against him to con-
tinue. 
“There is not only no direct ev-
idence that Raines intended to
deceive Fannie Mae’s investors,”
Mr. Leon ruled, “there is no evi-
dence that he even knew his
statements were false.” At best,
the judge continued, evidence
submitted by the shareholders
showed that Mr. Raines “acted
negligently in his role as the com-
pany’s chief executive and negli-
gently in his representations
about the company’s accounting
and earnings management prac-
tices.”
The judge said that he would
rule on the other defendants in
the case soon. They are J. Timo-
thy Howard, Fannie’s former
chief financial officer, and
Leanne G. Spencer, its former
controller. 
Kevin M. Downey, a lawyer at
Williams & Connolly who repre-
sents Mr. Raines, declined to
comment. So did Steven J. Toll, of
Cohen Milstein, the lawyer for
the plaintiffs.
The investor lawsuit was filed
in 2005 on behalf of approximate-
ly one million Fannie Mae share-
holders who incurred losses after
regulators identified pervasive
accounting irregularities at the
company. Between 1998 and 2004,
government investigators found,
senior executives at Fannie had
manipulated its results to hit
earnings targets and generate
$115 million in bonus compensa-
tion. The company had to restate
its earnings, reducing them by
$6.3 billion. 
In 2006, the government sued
the three former executives,
seeking $100 million in fines and
$115 million in restitution from
bonuses it maintained they had
not earned. Without admitting
wrongdoing, Mr. Raines, Mr.
Howard and Ms. Spencer paid
$31.4 million to settle the matter
in 2008. In September of that
year, the federal government
stepped in to rescue Fannie Mae,
which was struggling under a
mountain of bad mortgages. 
The shareholder case, led by
two Ohio state retirement sys-
tems, dragged on,however. Dis-
covery did not conclude until
2011. Lawyers for both sides have
retained 35 experts in the case
and interviewed 123 witnesses;
some 67 million pages of docu-
ments have been produced in the
matter. 
Costs spent defending the
three former executives against
the shareholder suit recently to-
taled almost $100 million, accord-
ing to a report last February by
the inspector general of the Fed-
eral Housing Finance Agency,
the regulator of Fannie Mae.
Since Fannie was taken over by
the government in September
2008, the inspector general said,
taxpayers have borne $37 million
in legal outlays on behalf of the
three executives. As is typical
among top executives, Mr.
Raines’s employment contract
with Fannie Mae required that
the company cover the legal
costs of defending against such
lawsuits as long as he was not
found at fault. 
Since taxpayers took over Fan-
nie Mae, formally known as the
Federal National Mortgage Asso-
ciation,four years ago, the com-
pany has drawn a total of $90.5
billion from the United States
Treasury. 
Although the Treasury Depart-
ment has suggested ways to wind
down the company and its small-
er sibling,the Federal National
Mortgage Association, known as
Freddie Mac, there has been little
in the way of follow-through. 
Ex-Fannie Mae Chief Is Dismissed From Investors’ Suit 
PHOTO BY CHIP SOMODEVILLA/GETTY IMAGES
A federal judge ruled that lawyers failed to prove that Franklin
Raines, right,knowingly misled Fannie Mae’s shareholders.
By Reuters
Stocks closed flat on Friday
even though investors welcomed
Spain’s efforts to seek a bailout
and cheered the first day of sales
of the newest iPhone introduced
by Apple, driving its shares to a
record high.
Apple, the world’s most valu-
able public company in terms of
market capitalization,rose to a
record high of $705.07 as custom-
ers lined up to buy the iPhone 5.
Apple’s stock ended up 0.2 per-
cent at $700.09.
News from Spain helped lift
stocks after the debt-laden coun-
try said it was considering freez-
ing pensions and speeding up a
planned rise in the retirement
age as it raced to cut spending
and meet conditions of an ex-
pected international sovereign
aid package.
The moves, taken with the Eu-
ropean Central Bank’s efforts to
spur growth in the euro zone and
the Fed’s recent announcement
of a third round of quantitative
easing, continued to underpin
gains.
“The market is predominantly
looking forward to the Federal
Reserve and the QE infinity that
the Fed promised, and the glob-
ally coordinated easing cycle,”
Steve Wood, chief market strat-
egist at Russell Investments in
New York, said.
But this week, the market’s ac-
tion has been muted, with the
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock in-
dex barely moving 0.6 percent in
either direction daily.
The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age slipped 17.46 points, or 0.13
percent, to close at 13,579.47 on
Friday. The S.& P.500 dipped 0.11
of a point, or 0.01 percent, to fin-
ish at 1,460.15. The Nasdaq com-
posite index rose 4 points, or 0.13
percent, to close at 3,179.96.
A quick and sharp sell-off in
spot gold shortly after midday,
driven by a rumor that the CME
Group might raise margin re-
quirements on commodities,
weighed on financial services
stocks, according to Joseph Gre-
co,managing director of Merid-
ian Equity Partners in New York.
Many banks and other compa-
nies in the financial sector have
high exposure to gold and other
commodities, so any increase in
margin requirements would af-
fect them, Mr. Greco said.
Spot gold later recovered to
close with a gain of $7.80.
But financial shares were still
lower by late afternoon on Fri-
day. The S.& P.financial index
ended down 0.3 percent.
The transportation sector lim-
ited the market’s advance on Fri-
day, when the Dow Jones trans-
portation average fell 1 percent.
The benchmark S.& P.500 index
has gained 5.9 percent since the
start of August, mostly on ex-
pectations for new economic
stimulus measures from the
world’s central banks. On Sept.
13,the Federal Reserve an-
nounced a third round of stimu-
lus or quantitative easing, known
as QE3, intended to bolster the
economy and reduce unemploy-
ment.
The market was more active
than usual because of “quadruple
witching,” the quarterly settle-
ment and expiration of four dif-
ferent types of September equity
futures and options contracts.
Expiration can lead to greater
volume and volatility as players
adjust or exercise their deriva-
tive positions.
“There was a little bit of a sell-
off towards the close, but nothing
crazy,” JJ Kinahan, chief deriva-
tives strategist at TD Ameri-
trade,said. “There is not much
volatility because the market has
been trading in a pretty tight
range most of the day, and it
looks like most of the players
have already rolled their posi-
tions over the last two weeks.”
Interest rates were steady. The
Treasury’s benchmark 10-year
note rose 
3
/
32
, to 98
27
/
32
, and the
yield fell to 1.76 percent from 1.77
percent late Thursday. 
STOCKS & BONDS
Shares Close Flat After Rally on iPhone Sales
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals 
yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
THE NEW YORK TIMES
13,575
13,600
13,625
13,650
10 a.m.Noon                       2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
13,596.93
Books of The Times:
Monday through Friday,
The New York Times
N
B7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Australia (Dollar) 1.0457 .9563
China (Yuan) .1586 6.3051
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1290 7.7533
India (Rupee) .0187 53.3600
Japan (Yen) .0128 78.1400
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3280 3.0490
New Zealand (Dollar) .8287 1.2067
Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.5500
Philippines (Peso) .0240 41.6000
Singapore (Dollar) .8170 1.2240
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1119.0
Taiwan (Dollar) .0341 29.2850
Thailand (Baht) .0325 30.7800
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20840
Britain (Pound) 1.6227 .6163
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0523 19.1130
Denmark (Krone) .1742 5.7420
Europe (Euro) 1.2984 .7702
Hungary (Forint) .0046 217.05
Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1768.20 1786.80 1766.80 1775.60 + 7.80 21,791
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 3487.00 3509.00 3448.00 3456.70 ◊ 5.10 495
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 421.00 312.00 Oct 12 378.05 381.30 377.75 379.45 + 3.00 3,858
Nasdaq 100 2861.64 ◊ 0.06  0.00 + 26.72 + 25.63
Composite 3179.96 + 4.00 + 0.13 + 25.28 + 22.06
Industrials 2594.22 ◊ 0.54 ◊ 0.02 + 19.12 + 19.65
Banks 1902.81 + 7.10 + 0.37 + 38.15 + 17.61
Insurance 4634.97 + 27.99 + 0.61 + 25.85 + 8.37
Other Finance 4125.64 + 5.85 + 0.14 + 25.43 + 19.73
Telecommunications 199.36 ◊ 0.72 ◊ 0.36 + 7.26 + 1.23
Computer 1724.67 + 2.50 + 0.15 + 26.81 + 25.09
Industrials 13579.47 ◊ 17.46 ◊ 0.13 + 22.06 + 11.15
Transportation 4910.79 ◊ 50.90 ◊ 1.03 + 14.71 ◊ 2.17
Utilities 471.35 + 0.33 + 0.07 + 8.17 + 1.44
Composite 4463.50 ◊ 14.65 ◊ 0.33 + 17.24 + 5.47
100 Stocks 672.27 ◊ 0.38 ◊ 0.06 + 27.73 + 17.78
500 Stocks 1460.15 ◊ 0.11 ◊ 0.01 + 25.15 + 16.11
Mid-Cap 400 1006.04 ◊ 0.02  0.00 + 23.55 + 14.43
Small-Cap 600 478.10 + 1.57 + 0.33 + 31.70 + 15.19
MARKET GAUGES
+15%
+10%
+  5%
0%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
3-MONTH TREND
1,300
1,350
1,400
1,450
1,500
July
Aug.
Sept.
+15%
+10%
+  5%
0%
Nasdaq Composite
3-MONTH TREND
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
July
Aug.
Sept.
+15%
+10%
+  5%
0%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3-MONTH TREND
12,000
12,500
13,000
13,500
14,000
July
Aug.
Sept.
NASDAQ
COMPOSITE
3,179.96 
+4.00
U
10-YEAR 
TREASURY YIELD
1.76% 
–0.01
CRUDE
OIL
$92.89 
+$0.47
U
GOLD
(N.Y.)
$1,775.50 
+$7.80
U
THE
EURO
$1.2984 
+$0.0018
U
DOW
INDUSTRIALS
13,579.47 
–17.46
D
S.&P.
500
1,460.15 
–0.11
D
STOCK MARKET INDEXES
    %  52-Wk YTD
Index  Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
DOW JONES
STANDARD AND POOR’S
NEW YORK 
STOCK EXCHANGE
NASDAQ
OTHER INDEXES
NYSE Comp. 8377.51 + 4.60 + 0.05 + 20.00 + 12.04
Tech/Media/Telecom 6255.10 + 23.19 + 0.37 + 18.49 + 14.04
Energy 13133.51 + 33.96 + 0.26 + 17.69 + 5.83
Financial 4851.36 ◊ 0.21  0.00 + 26.75 + 19.41
Healthcare 7932.32 + 40.93 + 0.52 + 22.08 + 12.59
American Exch 2487.24 + 2.90 + 0.12 + 15.10 + 9.17
Wilshire 5000 15263.91 + 6.97 + 0.05 + 24.66 + 15.72
Value Line Arith 3119.14 + 6.37 + 0.20 + 26.29 + 15.71
Russell 2000 855.51 + 4.00 + 0.47 + 28.73 + 15.47
Phila Gold & Silver 195.20 + 1.70 + 0.88 ◊ 8.70 + 8.06
Phila Semiconductor 395.16 + 0.53 + 0.13 + 8.15 + 8.43
KBW Bank 50.22 ◊ 0.23 ◊ 0.46 + 41.86 + 27.53
Phila Oil Service 234.10 + 2.33 + 1.00 + 6.86 + 8.24
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
CONSUMER RATES
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Federal funds                    0.25       0.25%       %
Prime rate                         3.25       3.25
15-yr fixed                        2.85       3.32
15-yr fixed jumbo              3.34       4.12
30-yr fixed                        3.48       4.02
30-yr fixed jumbo              4.14       4.81
5/1 adj. rate                     2.92       2.96
5/1 adj. rate jumbo           2.85       3.18
1-year adj. rate                 4.82       2.96
Mortgages
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
$75K line good credit*      4.23       4.32%       %
$75K line excel. credit*     4.22       4.24
$75K loan good credit*     5.29       5.66
$75K loan excel. credit*    5.22       5.48
Home Equity
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
36-mo. used car               3.64       4.62%       %
60-mo. new car                3.27       4.35
A
uto Loan Rates
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Money-market                   0.50       0.54%       %
$10K min. money-mkt       0.52       0.63
6-month CD                   0.47       0.53
1-year CD                     0.73       0.83
2-year CD                     0.86       0.96
5-year IRA CD                1.42       1.75
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Home
Yesterday
Year
Ago
Yesterday’s rate      Change from last week
1-year range
Up      Flat     Down
GOVERNMENT BONDS
0
1
2
3
4%
3
6
2
5
10
30
Months                 Years
Maturity
Yest.
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
Y
ield Curve
0
1
2
3
4%
2012
2011
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
INVESTMENT GRADE
FINRA TRACE CORPORATE BOND DATA
    Credit Rating  Price
Issuer Name 
(SYMBOL)
 Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. 
Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible 
publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most 
active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. 
Investment grade or high-yield is determined using 
credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is 
unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from 
Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, 
Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P 
Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5668 4055 1419 194
Advances 2867 2114 635 118
Declines 2456 1783 604 69
Unchanged 184 66 113 5
52 Week High 439 264 149 26
52 Week Low 61 45 13 3
Dollar Volume
*
 18,122 11,485 5,941 694
 All Investment High
 Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Goldman sachs group  medium term (gs.Gbs) 6.000 May ‘14 a3  a 107.670 107.041 107.400 –0.131 1.303
Jpmorgan chase & co (jpm.Mrn) 3.700 Jan ‘15 a2  a+ 106.243 105.863 106.002 0.061 1.070
Morgan stanley for future equity (ms.Hmx) 4.200 Nov ‘14 baa1  a 104.414 102.700 103.949 0.004 2.306
Apache  (apa) 3.250 Apr ‘22 a3  a– 107.663 106.482 107.488 0.592 2.349
Morgan stanley (ms) 6.375 Jul ‘42 baa1  a 111.249 107.408 108.625 –0.115 5.765
Home depot  (hd.Gk) 5.875 Dec ‘36 a3  a– 131.536 128.326 131.220 0.717 3.876
Deutsche bk ag global medium term (db.Ql) 4.875 May ‘13 a2  a+ 102.765 102.522 102.522 0.205 0.971
Jpmorgan chase & co (jpm) 2.000 Aug ‘17 a2  a+ 102.260 100.604 100.902 0.419 1.806
Bancolombia s a (cib.Ag) 5.950 Jun ‘21 baa2  bbb 113.780 113.250 113.750 0.134 4.055
Transocean  (rig.He) 6.500 Nov ‘20 baa3  bbb– 119.527 119.006 119.240 0.095 3.735
HIGH YIELD
Weyerhaeuser co (wy.Hi) 7.375 Mar ‘32 ba1  bb+ 121.558 117.246 120.750 2.607 5.610
Warner chilcott company llc (wcrx.Ac) 7.750 Sep ‘18 b3   107.250 106.500 106.875 0.000 5.786
The mcclatchy company (kri.Gd) 7.150 Nov ‘27 caa2  ccc 59.250 58.250 58.250 0.000 13.793
Ceridian  new (cen.Gd) 12.250 Nov ‘15 caa2   101.250 101.000 101.000 0.250 N.A.
Denbury res  del (dnr.Ge) 8.250 Feb ‘20 b1   113.750 113.000 113.000 –0.500 4.132
Targa resources partners lp (ngls.Ab) 8.250 Jul ‘16 ba3   104.450 104.350 104.350 –0.250 5.039
Energy future hldgs  (txu.Lh) 11.250 Nov ‘17 ca  ccc– 95.875 94.500 95.750 0.250 N.A.
Arch coal  (aci.Aa) 8.750 Aug ‘16 b3  b+ 102.000 98.550 99.500 –0.500 8.900
Atp oil & gas  (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 wr   23.900 21.393 22.250 –0.500 N.A.
Icahn enterprises l.P. (Iep.Gh) 8.000 Jan ‘18 ba3   111.000 107.250 110.345 1.345 2.882
CONVERTIBLES
Medtronic  (mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 a1  n.A. 100.930 100.750 100.750 0.750 0.266
Advanced micro devices  (amd.Gg) 6.000 May ‘15 n.A.  B+ 104.139 101.875 102.000 –2.190 N.A.
Gilead sciences  (gild.Gl) 1.625 May ‘16 n.A.   159.400 158.205 158.958 0.866 –11.221
Cemex s a b de c v (cx) 3.250 Mar ‘16 n.A.   101.250 99.966 99.966 –0.556 3.260
Newmont mng  (nem.Gp) 1.625 Jul ‘17 n.A.   147.146 144.500 146.333 0.458 –6.449
Gilead sciences  (gild.Gh) 0.625 May ‘13 n.A.  N.A. 178.250 174.500 177.100 1.100 –75.680
Transocean  (rig.Hc) 1.500 Dec ‘37 baa3  bbb– 100.107 99.850 99.910 0.020 1.504
Sandisk  (sndk.Gc) 1.000 May ‘13 n.A.  N.A. 99.600 99.400 99.480 0.043 1.825
Gilead sciences  (gild.Gm) 1.000 May ‘14 n.A.   153.840 152.000 153.436 1.044 –24.323
Intel  (intc.Ge) 3.250 Aug ‘39 a2   124.321 123.875 123.875 –1.375 2.084
0
2
4
6
8
10%
2012
2011
Yields
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield 
+6.59%
invest. grade 
+3.33%
–  5
0
+  5
+10
+15
+20%
2012
2011
52-week Total Returns
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield 
+14.70%
invest. grade 
+8.92%
ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Source: Bloomberg
5-YEAR HISTORY
%+10
–20
’07              ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
July ’12        %+9.3
June ’12     +7.0
%+10
0
’07              ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
July ’12        %+4.2
June ’12     +4.3
–20
–70
’07              ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
July ’12    –42.0
June ’12   –41.9
14
4
’07              ’12
Housing Supply
In months
A
ug. ’12       6.1
July ’12        6.4
60
30
’07              ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
A
ug. ’12     49.6
July ’12      49.8
Mat. Date Rate  Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
T-BILLS
3-mo.
6-mo.
BONDS & NOTES
2-yr.
5-yr.
10-yr.
30-yr.
TREASURY INFLATION BONDS
5-yr.
10-yr.
20-yr.
30-yr.
Dec 12 ◊ ◊ 0.11 0.10 –.00 0.11
Mar 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.14 ◊ 0.14
Apr 17 [  107-29 108-01 +0-00 -1.54
Jul 22 [  108-23 108-29 +0-00 -0.73
Jan 29 2ø  142-15 142-31 –0-05 -0.08
Feb 42 }  108-04 108-28 –0-11 0.46
Aug 14 ü ◊ 99.98 99.98 ◊ 0.26
Aug 17 | ◊ 99.78 99.79 +0.09 0.67
Aug 22 1| ◊ 98.83 98.84 +0.09 1.76
Aug 42 2} ◊ 96.09 96.12 –0.06 2.95
Most Recent Issues
    %  52-Wk YTD
Index  Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS
Bank of Am (BAC) 9.11 ◊0.08 ◊0.9 1554226
Microsoft  (MSFT) 31.19 ◊0.26 ◊0.8 1022775
The Coca-C (KO) 38.03 ◊0.61 ◊1.6 925774
Sprint Nex (S) 5.65 +0.21 +3.9 860213
Wells Farg (WFC) 34.97 ◊0.23 ◊0.7 674306
General El (GE) 22.53 +0.10 +0.4 647577
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 32.47 +0.21 +0.7 628738
Sirius XM  (SIRI) 2.54 ◊0.03 ◊1.2 626150
Kraft Food (KFT) 41.78 +0.17 +0.4 570176
Intel Corp (INTC) 23.13 ◊0.05 ◊0.2 562045
Facebook I (FB) 22.86 +0.27 +1.2 511619
Yahoo! Inc (YHOO) 15.73 ◊0.05 ◊0.3 491648
Research I (RIMM) 6.45 ◊0.45 ◊6.5 471443
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 24.51 +0.10 +0.4 432366
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 18.90 ◊0.21 ◊1.1 421543
Weatherfor (WFT) 13.54 +0.54 +4.2 407408
Morgan Sta (MS) 17.08 ◊0.13 ◊0.8 350542
Ford Motor (F) 10.40 ◊0.04 ◊0.4 346827
AT&T Inc (T) 38.08 +0.14 +0.4 345175
KB Home (KBH) 15.26 +2.15 +16.4 331596
Halozyme T (HALO) 7.95 +1.54 +24.0 48926
Supernus P (SUPN) 11.58 +1.81 +18.5 1184
KB Home (KBH) 15.26 +2.15 +16.4 331596
JTH Holdin (TAX) 10.74 +1.46 +15.7 403
Anchor Ban (ANCB) 12.98 +1.68 +14.9 131
Dynamics R (DRCO) 6.95 +0.89 +14.7 610
Sunesis Ph (SNSS) 5.76 +0.71 +14.1 36368
Body Centr (BODY) 10.25 +1.20 +13.3 9703
Wizzard So (WZE) 5.24 +0.60 +12.9 2404
Canterbury (CPHC) 11.90 +1.35 +12.8 164
Clear Chan (CCO) 6.00 +0.65 +12.1 5922
Bank of Ne (BKJ) 10.95 +1.18 +12.1 8
Courier Co (CRRC) 13.67 +1.47 +12.0 1032
Southern F (SFST) 9.51
 +1.01 +11.9 281
Market Lea (LEDR) 6.71 +0.71 +11.8 5260
Pernix The (PTX) 7.49 +0.79 +11.8 558
First Fede (FFBH) 10.74 +1.12 +11.6 137
Merrimack  (MACK) 10.43 +1.04 +11.1 6397
Summit Fin (SMMF) 5.23 +0.51 +10.8 62
Mastech Ho (MHH) 5.25 +0.51 +10.8 27
USMD Holdi (USMD) 33.33 ◊11.67 ◊25.9 3
Bridgford  (BRID) 6.08 ◊1.46 ◊19.4 1485
Ohio Legac (OLCB) 8.25 ◊1.75 ◊17.5 1
Hallwood G (HWG) 7.51 ◊1.46 ◊16.3 49
Pzena Inve (PZN) 5.05 ◊0.66 ◊11.6 3086
Vivus Inc (VVUS) 21.00 ◊2.72 ◊11.5 104551
Digital Ci (DCIN) 5.04 ◊0.65 ◊11.4 184
Cyclacel P (CYCC) 5.12 ◊0.61 ◊10.6 3322
Blyth Inc (BTH) 34.95 ◊3.95 ◊10.2 37225
Inteliquen (IQNT) 9.38 ◊1.02 ◊9.8 10848
Cooper Tir (CTB) 19.94 ◊2.05 ◊9.3 39375
Parametric (PAMT) 8.92 ◊0.90 ◊9.2 1402
Daxor Corp (DXR) 7.96 ◊0.75 ◊8.6 533
LiveDeal I (LIVE) 6.06 ◊0.56 ◊8.5 2007
Ceres Inc (CERE) 6.64 ◊0.59 ◊8.2 487
Clearsign  (CLIR) 6.56 ◊0.54 ◊7.6 216
Naugatuck  (NVSL) 6.57 ◊0.52 ◊7.3 166
SL Industr (SLI) 13.14 ◊1.00 ◊7.0 34
Isis Pharm (ISIS) 14.37 ◊1.04 ◊6.7 36313
CPI Aerost (CVU) 10.87 ◊0.78 ◊6.7 1171
   %  Volume
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Close Chg Chg (100)
   %  Volume
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Close Chg Chg (100)
   %  Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
20 MOST ACTIVE                                                  20 TOP GAINERS                                                  20 TOP LOSERS
FUTURES
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of 
Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding.  
Foreign Currency 
in Dollars
Foreign Currency 
in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency 
Dollars in
Foreign Currency 
  Monetary
  units per 
Lifetime 
       Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Norway (Krone) .1743 5.7382
Poland (Zloty) .3140 3.1845
Russia (Ruble) .0322 31.0280
Sweden (Krona) .1524 6.5609
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0720 .9328
Turkey (Lira) .5579 1.7925
Argentina (Peso) .2136 4.6825
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4947 2.0213
Canada (Dollar) 1.0246 .9760
Chile (Peso) .0021 472.62
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1797.3
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0255 39.1500
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1253 7.9810
Honduras (Lempira) .0509 19.6500
Mexico (Peso) .0779 12.8440
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0420 23.8028
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4420.0
Peru (New Sol) .3846 2.6000
Uruguay (New Peso) .0476 21.0000
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6527 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1641 6.0920
Iran (Rial) .0001 12225
Israel (Shekel) .2572 3.8876
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4140 .7072
Kenya (Shilling) .0118 84.7500
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5703 .2801
MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA
AMERICAS
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.55 121.90 Dec 12 128.48 128.80 127.98 128.48 + 0.32 124,619
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 86.00 70.05 Dec 12 74.63 75.10 74.30 74.98 + 0.78 105,721
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2533.00 2541.00 2501.00 2521.00 + 2.00 100,023
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 168.60 173.80 168.60 173.30 + 4.70 83,784
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 25.39 14.70 Feb 13 19.91 20.39 19.81 20.07 + 0.16 342,475
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 745.50 754.50 744.50 748.25 + 2.25 648,157
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1789.00 914.00 Nov 12 1620.25 1639.00 1607.50 1621.75 + 3.00 342,998
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 881.75 899.25 879.50 897.25 + 17.75 250,071
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 112.21 73.14 Oct 12 92.93 93.84 92.59 92.89 + 0.47 338,798
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.35 2.33 Oct 12 3.10 3.13 3.09 3.12 + 0.02 77,237
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 2.98 3.08 2.95 3.07 + 0.11 261,871
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85 euros
2012
’11
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7701
70
80
90
100
110
$120
2012
2011
Crude Oil
$92.89 a barrel
74
76
78
80
82
84yen
2012
’11
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.19
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1216 8.2270
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6725
S&P 100 STOCKS
Prices
 shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m.  For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m.  
Close
 Last trade of the day in regular trading.  
·
+
 or 
·
–
 indicates stocks 
that reached a new 52-week high or low.  
Change
 Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading.  
„
 or 
‰
 indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent.  
”
 indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares.  n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
”
3M Co (MMM) 68.63 94.30 93.21 ◊ 0.37 + 22.10 + 14.0
Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.96 69.99 69.62 ◊ 0.24 + 34.56 + 23.8
Accenture  (ACN) 49.43 66.75 65.25 + 0.06 + 22.21 + 22.6
”
Allstate C (ALL) 22.34 40.64 40.43 + 0.56 + 75.10 + 47.5
Altria Gro (MO) 25.59 36.29 34.06 + 0.45 + 30.40 + 14.9
”
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 264.11 257.47 ◊ 3.34 + 11.04 + 48.7
American E (AEP) 35.85 44.13 44.01 + 0.04 + 17.52 + 6.5
American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 57.86 ◊ 0.48 + 19.97 + 22.7
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 52.85 85.28 82.03 ◊ 0.27 + 46.38 + 27.8
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 71.93 ◊ 0.08 ◊ 1.09 ◊ 5.8
Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 88.59 ◊ 0.58 ◊ 3.02 ◊ 2.2
”
Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 705.07 700.10 + 1.40 + 69.87 + 72.9
AT&T Inc (T) 27.41 38.58 38.08 + 0.14 + 34.56 + 25.9
”
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 46.91 ◊ 0.55 ◊ 13.66 ◊ 3.6
”
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 9.11 ◊ 0.08 + 42.79 + 63.8
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.95 23.30 + 0.15 + 21.86 + 17.0
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 61.21 61.01 + 0.01 + 11.82 + 23.3
”
Berkshire  (BRKb) 65.61 89.95 89.54 + 0.21 + 33.20 + 17.4
”
Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 69.97 + 0.12 + 14.67 ◊ 4.6
Bristol-My (BMY) 29.66 36.34 33.61 + 0.53 + 8.59 ◊ 4.6
Capital On (COF) 36.33 59.74 57.26 ◊ 0.79 + 38.34 + 35.4
”
Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 91.72 ◊ 0.82 + 15.57 + 1.2
Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 118.53 117.80 ◊ 0.05 + 24.96 + 10.7
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.93 21.30 18.90 ◊ 0.21 + 19.32 + 4.5
”
Citigroup  (C) 21.40 38.40 33.67 ◊ 0.14 + 31.94 + 28.0
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
”Coca-Cola  (KO) 31.67 40.66 38.03 ◊ 0.61 + 9.79 + 8.7
”Colgate-Pa (CL) 86.19 109.84 106.53 ◊ 0.26 + 18.38 + 15.3
”Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.72 36.53 36.22 + 0.27 + 65.71 + 52.8
”ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 57.36 ◊ 0.23 + 15.85 + 3.3
Costco Who (COST) 78.41 103.51 102.36 ◊ 0.28 + 21.24 + 22.9
CVS Carema (CVS) 32.28 48.69 47.87 + 0.06 + 35.49 + 17.4
”Dell Inc (DELL) 10.30 18.36 10.36 ◊ 0.14 ◊ 29.44 ◊ 29.2
”Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 61.13 + 0.16 ◊ 0.78 ◊ 1.4
”Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 30.26 ◊ 0.62 + 18.48 + 5.2
E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 51.80 ◊ 0.07 + 16.12 + 13.1
”eBay Inc (EBAY) 27.41 50.64 49.47 ◊ 0.61 + 53.44 + 63.1
Eli Lilly  (LLY) 35.46 47.76 47.46 + 0.44 + 27.89 + 14.2
”EMC Corp (EMC) 19.99 30.00 28.02 + 0.50 + 31.30 + 30.1
Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 50.10 ◊ 0.32 + 14.51 + 7.5
Exelon Cor (EXC) 34.54 45.45 35.38 ◊ 0.07 ◊ 18.55 ◊ 18.4
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 67.93 92.50 91.92 + 0.40 + 27.72 + 8.4
”FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 84.39 ◊ 0.78 + 16.40 + 1.1
Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.40 ◊ 0.04 + 4.31 ◊ 3.3
”Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 40.65 ◊ 0.28 + 14.22 + 10.5
”General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 66.15 ◊ 0.13 + 15.51 ◊ 0.4
General El (GE) 14.02 22.69 22.53 + 0.10 + 46.49 + 25.8
”Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 67.99 67.76 + 0.44 + 70.81 + 65.6
”Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 116.72 ◊ 0.91 + 19.27 + 29.1
”Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 734.92 733.99 + 5.87 + 36.13 + 13.6
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 58.31 56.25 ◊ 0.22 + 13.16 + 4.1
”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 40.43 35.84 ◊ 0.29 + 2.14 + 3.9
”Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 16.77 30.00 17.59 ◊ 0.17 ◊ 26.65 ◊ 31.7
Home Depot (HD) 31.03 60.00 59.42 + 0.14 + 75.59 + 41.3
Honeywell  (HON) 41.22 62.00 60.52 ◊ 0.03 + 34.88 + 11.4
”Intel Corp (INTC) 20.40 29.27 23.12 ◊ 0.05 + 5.40 ◊ 4.6
”Internatio (IBM) 165.76 210.69 205.98 ◊ 0.20 + 19.05 + 12.0
Johnson &  (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 69.06 + 0.16 + 9.39 + 5.3
JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 40.88 ◊ 0.37 + 34.74 + 22.9
”Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 42.44 41.78
 + 0.18 + 22.40 + 11.8
Lockheed M (LMT) 70.37 93.99 91.29 + 0.11 + 25.66 + 12.8
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.55 32.29 30.19 + 0.19 + 57.40 + 19.0
”MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 459.52 + 5.34 + 34.77 + 23.3
McDonald’s (MCD) 83.74 102.22 93.71 + 0.56 + 7.07 ◊ 6.6
Medtronic  (MDT) 31.06 43.47 43.35 + 0.18 + 27.99 + 13.3
Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.25 44.91 + 0.02 + 41.00 + 19.1
”Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 34.87 + 0.17 + 20.12 + 11.8
”Microsoft  (MSFT) 24.26 32.95 31.19 ◊ 0.26 + 20.01 + 20.1
Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 91.95 90.92 ◊ 0.14 + 38.05 + 29.8
”Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 17.08 ◊ 0.13 + 23.59 + 12.9
National O (NOV) 47.97 89.95 81.72 + 1.12 + 40.80 + 20.2
”News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 25.18 24.96 ◊ 0.06 + 54.79 + 39.9
Nike Inc (NKE) 81.01 114.81 96.52 ◊ 0.20 + 12.57 + 0.2
”Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 65.00 ◊ 1.11 + 4.96 ◊ 10.8
Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 87.39 ◊ 0.21 + 14.50 ◊ 6.7
”Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 32.47 + 0.21 + 9.92 + 26.6
PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 73.66 70.55 ◊ 0.69 + 16.06 + 6.3
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.66 24.52 + 0.10 + 37.42 + 13.3
Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.60 92.14 + 0.01 + 37.93 + 17.4
Procter &  (PG) 59.07 69.83 69.42 ◊ 0.14 + 10.16 + 4.1
”Qualcomm I (QCOM) 46.40 68.87 64.26 ◊ 0.08 + 24.40 + 17.5
Raytheon C (RTN) 38.68 58.68 58.11 + 0.06 + 45.97 + 20.1
Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 80.78 75.02 ◊ 0.21 + 15.15 + 9.8
Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 164.17 156.19 + 0.30 + 38.84 + 21.1
Southern C (SO) 41.00 48.59 45.26 + 0.02 + 6.44 ◊ 2.2
”Starbucks  (SBUX) 35.12 62.00 51.07 ◊ 0.12 + 27.99 + 11.0
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 65.80 65.44 + 0.04 + 27.24 + 27.8
Texas Inst (TXN) 26.06 34.24 28.99 + 0.14 + 7.85 ◊ 0.4
Time Warne (TWX) 28.43 46.56 45.90 + 0.11 + 53.05 + 27.0
U.S. Banco (USB) 21.84 35.15 33.85 ◊ 0.19 + 48.08 + 25.1
Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 129.27 119.37 ◊ 1.58 + 43.70 + 12.7
”United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 71.88 ◊ 0.73 + 11.72 ◊ 1.8
”United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 80.75 ◊ 0.17 + 7.85 + 10.5
”UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 
56.18 + 1.24 + 17.02 + 10.9
Verizon Co (VZ) 35.32 46.41 45.64 + 0.15 + 27.34 + 13.8
Visa Inc (V) 81.71 136.65 135.00 + 0.39 + 47.67 + 33.0
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 50.03 75.24 74.45 ◊ 0.30 + 45.07 + 24.6
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 36.85 35.11 ◊ 0.44 ◊ 3.46 + 6.2
Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 53.39 52.74 + 0.08 + 68.61 + 40.6
”Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 36.60 34.97 ◊ 0.23 + 47.49 + 26.9
”Williams C (WMB) 17.88 35.39 34.32 ◊ 0.04 + 59.38 + 27.3
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS 
Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along   
with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes: 
nytimes.com/markets
D
   % Total Returns  Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
   % Total Returns  Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
LARGEST FUNDS
 +11.4 +15.7 +2.3 
 593 592 570 
American Funds Inc Fund of Amer A (AMECX) MA +11.1 +19.0 +2.4 0.58 56,646
Franklin Income A (FKINX) CA +12.4 +17.9 +3.7 0.63 40,234
Vanguard Wellington Adm (VWENX) MA +12.1 +19.7 +4.1 0.17 36,231
American Funds American Balanced A (ABALX) MA +13.6 +19.8 +3.3 0.64 33,652
Vanguard Wellesley Income Adm (VWIAX) CA +9.3 +15.0 +6.9 0.18 19,961
Vanguard Target Retirement 2025 Inv (VTTVX) TG +12.7 +18.2 +2.0 * 19,455
Oakmark Equity & Income I (OAKBX) MA +8.8 +16.1 +4.2 0.78 17,740
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +8.2 +5.1 +8.2 0.71 17,010
Vanguard Target Retirement 2015 Inv (VTXVX) TD +10.8 +15.3 +3.1 * 16,468
Vanguard Target Retirement 2020 Inv (VTWNX) TE +11.8 +16.8 +2.6 * 15,692
Fidelity Puritan (FPURX) MA +14.5 +18.1 +3.2 0.59 15,473
Fidelity Balanced (FBALX) MA +13.7 +17.6 +2.7 0.60 15,016
Vanguard STAR Inv (VGSTX) MA +12.3 +17.0 +3.3 * 14,628
Fidelity Freedom 2020 (FFFDX) TE +11.9 +14.6 +1.6 * 14,338
Vanguard Target Retirement 2035 Inv (VTTHX) TI +14.6 +21.1 +1.2 * 13,763
T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +13.5 +22.4 +5.0 0.72 12,872
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +17.1 +24.3 +1.4 0.53 12,487
Vanguard Target Retirement 2030 Inv (VTHRX) TH +13.7 +19.7 +1.5 * 12,304
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 (TRRBX) TE +14.1 +19.2 +2.6 * 11,898
Fidelity Freedom 2030 (FFFEX) TH +13.8 +17.0 +0.5 * 10,936
JHancock2 Lifestyle Balanced 1 (JILBX) MA +12.8 +16.5 +2.7 0.11 10,762
JHancock2 Lifestyle Growth 1 (JILGX) AL +14.4 +18.9 +1.2 0.11 10,053
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 (TRRCX) TH +15.8 +21.4 +1.9 * 9,970
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +17.1 +24.3 +1.4 0.53 12,487
Villere Balanced Inv (VILLX) MA +15.6 +24.0 +6.5 1.02 217
Mairs & Power Balanced Inv (MAPOX) MA +15.4 +23.5 +5.0 0.74 235
Wells Fargo Advantage Idx Asst Allo A (SFAAX) AL +14.9 +23.2 +2.2 1.15 640
JPMorgan SmartRetirement 2040 Instl (SMTIX) TJ +15.9 +23.0 +2.1 0.04 433
Putnam Dynamic Asset Allocation Gr Y (PAGYX) AL +16.3 +22.8 +1.3 0.44 170
Franklin Templeton Founding Allc Adv (FFAAX) AL +15.2 +22.7 +0.3 0.08 70
Schwab Target 2040 (SWERX) TJ +15.7 +22.5 +2.4 * 421
TIAA-CREF Lifecycle Index 2045 Inst (TLXIX) TK +15.3 +22.5 NA 0.10 54
T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +13.5 +22.4 +5.0 0.72 12,872
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 (TRRDX) TJ +16.5 +22.4 +1.8 * 6,509
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 (TRRKX) TK +16.6 +22.3 +1.8 * 2,842
LEADERS
LAGGARDS
Old Westbury Real Return (OWRRX) MA +4.6 ◊4.9 ◊2.0 1.10 2,199
Hussman Strategic Total Return (HSTRX) CA +2.0 +0.2 +6.1 0.63 2,528
SunAmerica Focused Multi-Asset Strat B (FMABX) CA +3.6 +3.0 ◊2.3 0.87 57
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +8.2 +5.1 +8.2 0.71 17,010
Calamos Convertible C (CCVCX) CV +5.6 +5.3 +1.9 1.86 430
Nationwide Inv Dest Cnsrv Svc (NDCSX) CA +4.8 +6.6 +3.4 0.63 220
American Beacon Retire Inc & Apprec Inv (AANPX) RI +6.3 +6.8 +5.5 1.09 160
AllianceBern Cnsrv Wlth Strat B (ABPBX) CA +5.7 +6.9 +1.4 1.75 76
Fidelity Advisor Freedom Inc T (FTAFX) RI +5.7 +7.0 +3.3 0.50 54
Wells Fargo Advantage DJ Target 2010 (WFLGX) TA +5.8 +7.3 +4.1 0.83 215
Fidelity Freedom Income (FFFAX) RI +6.2 +7.4 +3.6 * 2,307
Fidelity Freedom 2000 (FFFBX) TA +6.2 +7.4 +3.3 * 1,120
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
MUTUAL FUNDS SPOTLIGHT: CONVERTIBLE BOND AND DOMESTIC HYBRID FUNDS
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source: Bankrate.com
*Annualized. 
Leaders and Laggards
 are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: 
AL
-Aggressive Allocation. 
CA
-Conservative Allocation. 
CV
-Convertibles. 
MA
-Moderate Allocation. 
RI
-Retirement Income. 
TA
-Target-Date 2000-2010. 
TD
-Target-
Date 2011-2015. 
TE
-Target-Date 2016-2020. 
TG
-Target-Date 2021-2025. 
TH
-Target-Date 2026-2030. 
TI
-Target-Date 2031-2035. 
TJ
-Target-Date 2036-2040. 
TK
-Target-Date 2041-2045. 
TL
-Target-Date 2050+. 
TN
-Target-Date 2046-2050. 
NA
-Not Available. 
YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. 
Source: Morningstar
B8
N
OBITUARIES
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
By ALLAN KOZINN
William Duckworth, a compos-
er, author and performer who
was best known for his choral
works, piano cycles and, in recent
years, interactive electronic
projects using the Internet, died
on Sept. 13 at his home in West
New York, N.J. He was 69.
The cause was pancreatic can-
cer, said his wife, Nora Farrell.
Mr. Duckworth was a versatile
stylist whose most frequently
heard work, the 24 evocative
“Time Curve Preludes” (1978) for
solo piano, is regarded as one of
the first scores in the post-Mini-
malist style. Like John Adams’s
“Shaker Loops,” composed
around the same time, Mr. Duck-
worth’s preludes used elements
of Minimalism, including repeti-
tion and accessible harmonies,
yet also embraced more quickly
changing structures; wide-rang-
ing, complex melodies; and col-
orful dissonances. 
Later works, like “Cathedral”
(1997), an Internet spectacular
that he produced with Ms. Far-
rell, a multimedia artist and soft-
ware designer, restored some of
the purely repetitive aspects of
Minimalism but were influenced
as well by the timbres and tun-
ings of Asian gamelan music. A
version presented in 2001 incor-
porated improvisation, D.J.-ing,
contributions from other compos-
ers, performances by ensembles
in cities around the world, and
strands of sound samples con-
tributed by listeners using Pitch-
Web, a computer application that
Ms. Farrell and Mr. Duckworth
created for the occasion.
When the 2001 performance
was streamed live over a full
weekend, some five million lis-
teners visited the project’s Web
site. 
William Ervin Duckworth was
born in Morgantown, N.C., on
Jan. 13, 1943. He earned a bache-
lor’s degree in music education
from East Carolina University in
1965 and a master’s and doctor-
ate in music education from the
University of Illinois at Urbana,
where he also studied composi-
tion with Ben Johnston. Strongly
influenced as a composer by the
music and philosophies of John
Cage, with whom Johnston had
studied, Mr. Duckworth wrote his
doctoral dissertation on Cage’s
notation systems in 1972. 
Cage’s influence was some-
times noted in Mr. Duckworth’s
music, and not always charitably.
In one of his earliest reviews,
from 1977, Mr. Duckworth’s
“Memories of You” was de-
scribed by Raymond Ericson in
The New York Times as “a John
Cagean irrelevance of wind and
percussion sounds for four play-
ers, a narrated text of only partial
intelligibility and a solo dance.” 
But the appearance of the
“Time Curve Preludes,” which
had their first performances in
1979, won Mr. Duckworth an im-
mediate following among listen-
ers who had been transfixed by
Minimalism yet were wondering
what direction that decade-old
movement would take. 
The large choral collection
“Southern Harmony” (1981) ex-
panded on the innovations of the
preludes, with a twist: Mr. Duck-
worth based the work’s 20 set-
tings on hymns from an 1854
compilation by William Walker,
but reconfigured their melodies
and expanded their textures. He
used the pieces to create a broad
overview of Western choral
styles. Some settings called to
mind Renaissance pieces, others
were more closely tied to Walk-
er’s 19th-century sources, and
some seemed to allude to Philip
Glass’s early vocal works. 
Mr. Duckworth, who also had
homes in Lewisburg, Pa., and
Australia, married Ms. Farrell in
1995. He is also survived by three
children from a previous mar-
riage: William Duckworth II,
Katherine McGee and Alison Wil-
liams.
Besides “Cathedral,” Mr. Duck-
worth and Ms. Farrell also collab-
orated on what they called an
iPod opera, “iOrpheus,” a series
of video podcasts and live per-
formances that was given a full
outdoor staging at the South
Bank Parklands in Brisbane,
Australia, in 2007. 
Mr. Duckworth joined the fac-
ulty of Bucknell University in
1973 and continued to teach com-
position there until he was found
to have cancer in 2011. He wrote
several books, including “Talking
Music: Conversations with John
Cage, Philip Glass, Laurie An-
derson and Five Generations of
American Experimental Compos-
ers” (1999) and “Virtual Music:
How the Web Got Wired for
Sound” (2005). 
“The Web is changing music,
not only by offering a new set of
tools and a new means of dis-
tribution, but also by shifting the
focus of what it means to be mu-
sical,” Mr. Duckworth wrote in
“Virtual Music,” his overview of
the latest trends in electronic
composition. 
“As a result of this shift, a new
global artistic consciousness is
emerging with its own unique set
of characteristics,” he continued.
“And just as surely as listeners in
the 19th century heard their mu-
sic live, and 20th-century audi-
ences experienced the majority
of their music in broadcast or re-
corded form, listeners of the 21st
century will obtain their music
primarily from cyberspace.”
William Duckworth, Internet Composer,Dies at 69
BILL CARDONI/BUCKNELL OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS
William Duckworth regarded the Internet as “shifting the focus of what it means to be musical.”
A post-Minimalist
pioneer who
embraced the Web.
By DANIEL E. SLOTNIK 
José Curbelo, a Cuban-born
pianist and bandleader who
went on to manage the biggest
stars of Latin dance music, died
on Friday in Miami. He was 95.
The cause was congestive
heart failure, his daughter, Mar-
ta, said.
Mr. Curbelo rose to promi-
nence as a performer during
Latin dance’s heyday, beginning
in New York in the early 1940s.
He played with the orchestras of
Juancito Sanabria and Xavier
Cugat before forming his own
group in 1942. His music soon
progressed from Latin Ameri-
can pop to swinging mambos.
The orchestra featured musi-
cians like Tito Rodriguez, Candi-
do and a teenage drummer
named Tito Puente, and played
in New York ballrooms like the
Savoy, Miami hotspots like
Ciros, and borscht-belt resorts
like Grossinger’s. His notable
recordings include a 1947 rendi-
tion of “Managua, Nicaragua”
for RCA Victor and “Cha Cha
Cha in Blue” and “La Familia”
on Fiesta.
Mr. Curbelo’s influence on
Latin music grew after his or-
chestra disbanded in 1959 and
he founded Alpha Artists, a
booking agency for Latin music
performers. Until then, bands
were paid according to the
whims of ballroom owners, who
often paid less than musicians’
union scale. 
“While the musicians’ union
couldn’t stop a promoter from
underpaying bands (or not at
all), José was able to literally
freeze top talent until a pro-
moter made good his debts,” a
1978 article in Latin New York
magazine said. “While most peo-
ple identify the title ‘King of Lat-
in Music’ with Tito Puente, few
realize who is the power behind
the throne … the person is José
Curbelo.”
In the 1960s Mr. Curbelo rep-
resented virtually every impor-
tant Latin band, including La
Playa Sextet and Orquesta
Broadway and the orchestras of
Tito Puente and Machito Grillo.
His tough negotiating style
earned the enmity of many
nightclub promoters and the
gratitude of musicians.
“Curbelo is the type of person
you want representing you,” Mr.
Grillo said in an article by Max
Salazar on Mr. Curbelo in Latin
Beat magazine. “He fights like a
savage animal until he gets you
what you’ve asked him for.”
José Antonio Curbelo was
born in Havana on Feb. 18, 1917,
to a Cuban mother and a Cuban-
American father, a classical vio-
linist. Mr. Curbelo began study-
ing piano and composition under
the composer Pedro Menendez
when he was just 8. By 15 he
graduated from the Molinas
Conservatory and began playing
with Cuban orchestras. 
He was the founding pianist of
Orquesta Havana Riverside,
which still exists. He moved to
New York in 1939.
By the 1980s Mr. Curbelo and
his wife, Orchid Rosas, had
moved to Miami, where he in-
vested in real estate and booked
bands for the yearly Calle Ocho
festival.
In addition to his daughter,
Mr. Curbelo is survived by a son,
Rene; a granddaughter; and
two great-grandchildren.
José Curbelo, 95, Manager
Behind Latin Music Acts 
ALEX MATEO DE ACOSTA/EL NUEVO HERALD
José Curbelo 
By The Associated Press
John Ingle, who played a
scheming patriarch on the ABC
daytime drama “General Hospi-
tal” for many years and before
that taught acting to many fu-
ture stars, died on Sunday in
Los Angeles, less than a week
after his final television appear-
ance. He was 84.
His death was announced by
ABC.
Mr. Ingle took over the role of
the ruthless Edward Quarter-
maine on “General Hospital”
from David Lewis in 1993 and
made his final appearance in an
episode broadcast on Sept. 11. 
In a performing career of
more than 30 years,he acted in
many TV shows,including
“Days of Our Lives,” “Big Love”
and “The Drew Carey Show”
and in films like “Batman and
Robin” and “Heathers.” 
A native of Tulsa, Okla., Mr.
Ingle was born on May 7, 1928,
and was a graduate of Occi-
dental College. 
He taught at Hollywood High
School, Beverly Hills High
School and the University of
California, Los Angeles,his high
school drama students included
Barbara Hershey, Tuesday
Weld, Nicolas Cage, Swoosie
Kurtz, Albert Brooks, Carrie
Fisher and Stefanie Powers. 
“I used to tell Richard Drey-
fuss he wouldn’t make it unless
he lost some of his brashness,”
Mr. Ingle said of yet another stu-
dent in an interview with U.P.I.
in 1985. “Fortunately, he didn’t
lose it.”
Mr. Ingle retired from teach-
ing at 57 to become a full-time
actor and quickly found work on
television series like “Dallas”
and “Silver Spoons,” as well as
on soap operas. 
“I always enjoyed watching
my students go out into the busi-
ness and succeed,” he said in the
U.P.I. interview. “And now I’m
working with them on a differ-
ent plane.” 
His wife of 57 years, Grace-
Lynne Martin, died in February.
He is survived by their five
daughters.
John Ingle, 84, TV Actor
MARSAILI M
c
GRATH/GETTY IMAGES
John Ingle
By LESLIE KAUFMAN
Bettye Lane, a photojournalist
who gained wide recognition for
her rich trove of pictures docu-
menting the feminist movement
in the 1970s and ’80s, died on
Wednesday in Manhattan. She
was 82.
The cause was cancer, her
nephew Gary O’Neil said.
Ms. Lane had an early encoun-
ter with the movement in 1970,
when, while working for The Na-
tional Observer, a weekly news-
paper based in New York, she
was assigned to cover the first
Women’s Strike for Equality, a
march called by the National Or-
ganization for Women to demand
equal treatment in the work-
place. Her pictures of women
pumping their fists and waving
banners as thousands marched
down Fifth Avenue captured the
energy and passion of the mo-
ment. 
From then on, as a freelance
photographer, Ms. Lane made a
point of lugging her equipment to
every rally — whether she was
paid to go or not —and getting to
know the leaders of the move-
ment, including Gloria Steinem
and Florynce Kennedy. At the
Democratic National Convention
in 1976 at Madison Square Gar-
den, she photographed another
movement stalwart, Representa-
tive Bella Abzug, meeting with
Elizabeth Taylor and Shirley
MacLaine. 
“She was like the official pho-
tographer for the women’s move-
ment,” said Nanci Callahan, the
managing director of the West
Side Cultural Center, who is
working on a film about Ms. Ken-
nedy.“She was everywhere, and
she leaves behind a great
record.’’ 
Ms. Lane turned her lens as
well on civil rights demonstra-
tions, war demonstrations during
the Vietnam era and marches for
gay rights. She was one of the
few photographers to document
the Stonewall protests in Green-
wich Village, widely seen as
starting the gay rights move-
ment. The New York Public Li-
brary houses many of her pho-
tographs of the gay-rights strug-
gle.
After leaving The National Ob-
server, Ms. Lane took assign-
ments from Time and Life maga-
zines and The Associated Press.
Her photographs have appeared
in more than 70 books and 64
films, according to her Web site.
The Smithsonian Institution in-
cluded her pictures in a group
show, “For Which It Stands: The
American Flag in Social Protest,”
in 2002. 
Her work is also in collections
at the Schlesinger Library on the
History of Women in America at
Harvard, the Rubenstein library
at Duke  and the National Mu-
seum of Women in the Arts in
Washington. Elizabeth Foti was
born in Boston on Sept. 19, 1930,
one of eight children of Luigi and
Antonietta Foti, who had immi-
grated from Italy. Her father re-
turned to Italy when she was
young, leaving her mother to
struggle to pay the bills. Eliza-
beth was forced to drop out of ele-
mentary school to work in a shoe
factory, Mr. O’Neil said.
She found her vocation when
she got a job at Harvard in a pho-
tography lab. After a brief mar-
riage to a World War II veteran,
she moved to New York, keeping
her married name. Her survivors
include a sister, Tina Caton.
From 1978 on, Ms. Lane lived in
Westbeth, subsidized housing set
apart for artists in the West Vil-
lage in Manhattan, where she
had meticulously organized her
photographs so that a record of
an era of upheavals could be at
her fingertips.
Bettye Lane, 82, Photographer of Protests and Causes
JOAN ROTH
Left, a photograph from the 1969 Stonewall protests by Bettye Lane that appeared in a 2010 doc-
umentary,“Stonewall Uprising.” Ms. Lane, right, also documented the feminist movement.
BETTYE LANE
Cheng, Stephen
Hettena, Shirley
Lovejoy, Priscilla
Nierenberg, Gerard
Ragazzo, Mary Ellen
Stagoff, Joan
Thrope, Irwin
CHENG—Stephen    Chun-Tao.
A native  of  Shanghai,China,
died  on  September   18,2012
in  New  York  City.An  ac-
claimed  singer,actor,com-
poser.He will  be missed  by
his  children Pascal,Danielle,
Olivier,Philippe,Lydia,his
grandchildren,Julian,Max,
Sasha,Sophie,and Gabriel.
HETTENA—Shirley Joyce,wi-
dow  of  Ran  Hettena,died
September  21,2012.Survived
by  sons Avi  and  Seth,sister
Clarissa Singer,seven  grand-
children and two great-grand-
children.Services,Sunday,
September  23  at  11:30am at
Temple  Israel Cemetery,388
Saw Mill River Road,Hast-
ings-on-Hudson,NY.
LOVEJOY—Priscilla  Rice,94,
died   at   her   home   in  Old
Greenwich,CT,on September
20,2012  following  an  illness.
She was born on January 16,
1918 in Schenectady,NY,one
of     five   children   of  Helen
Currier   Rice    and   Chester
Williams Rice.She graduated
from Dana Hall  School  and
Finch   Junior   College.She
married  Lindsay  Alexander
Lovejoy in 1942 and lived with
her husband,a career Gener-
al   Electric    executive,and
their   family  in  Schenectady.
The couple were married for
over  60 years,until his death
in  2002.In  1958,the  family
moved to Riverside,CT,and
in   1978   to  Old  Greenwich.
She was active in the Junior
League  of  Schenectady  and
was a volunteer nurse's aide
in  the American Red  Cross
for over  60 years.She was a
lifelong   member     of        the
Adirondack League Club with
a camp on Honnedaga Lake.
She  is  survived  by  a  sister,
Helen Rice Richards of Coral
Gables,FL;a brother,Chester
Thompson Rice  of Kentfield,
CA;her   son,Jesse  Robert
Lovejoy and his wife Patricia
Lovejoy  of  Larchmont,NY,
her   son,Lindsay  Alexander
Lovejoy,Jr.of Santa Fe,NM,
and   five   grandchildren.A
memorial service will be held
at  the First Church of Round
Hill,Greenwich,CT,on a date
to be announced.
NIERENBERG—Gerard   Irwin.
Beloved   husband   of   Juliet
Nierenberg for  68 years,died
on    September     18th,2012.
Father   of  Roy,Roger   and
George,grandfather  of  Lily,
David,Jovia,Zeke,Rachel
and     Jack.Attorney    and
famous    author    of  many
books,beloved by his  family
and many who  revered  him
for  his  work  in  negotiation
and  the  enrichment  of   their
lives.His  funeral will be held
September 23rd at 10:00am at
the Plaza Community Jewish
Chapel,630 Amsterdam Ave
(91st Street.)
RAGAZZO—Mary  Ellen  (nee
Mannix),62,of E.Patchogue,
NY  on  September   21,2012.
Loving    wife     of     Frank.
Beloved  mother    of  Mary
Kathleen  “Katie”   (and  Nick)
Attisano,Eileen  Anne   (and
Bob) Whitmore and Christine
R.(and  Daniel)   Pellicano.
Dearest     sister    of   Patrick,
Delia,Jimmy  Dennis   and
Paul.Cherished  grandmother
of Philip,Mary,Daniel,Ryan
and Grace.Services entrusted
to the Ruland Funeral Home
(S.of  LIE  Ext   63)   500  N.
Ocean  Ave.,Patchogue  NY.
Family to receive  friends on
Sunday   and  Monday   from
2-4pm and  7-9pm.Religious
services will be held Monday
at 8pm.Cremation to be held
privately.
STAGOFF—Joan.
 Passed  away  peacefully  on
September  19,2012.Beloved
wife    of      the    late  Morton
Stagoff,adored  mother   of
Andrea  and  Cynthia,loving
grandmother  of Aaron,Ben-
jamin  and  Claudia,beloved
sister    of      the    late   Diane
Rosenkrantz,sister-in-law  of
Edmund  and  aunt  of  Eliza-
beth.Adored    by   Linnaea
Knisely  and many  in Mont-
clair who embraced her pas-
sion for life,her style and big
heart.Her daily calls will be
missed  by  Andrea,Cynthia,
Elizabeth   and   her    cousins
Adrien and Barbara.She was
deeply   loved   and  will   be
deeply missed.Graveside ser-
vices   to  be  held  Sunday  at
10:30am,Mt.Lebanon  ceme-
tery,Glendale,NY.
THROPE—Irwin M.,Beloved
husband of  the late Zeena S.
Thrope for 61 years and busi-
ness  partner  in  Sugarman &
Thrope PC (CPAs)  for many
years,proud father of David
(Arlene),Jeff  (Gail) and Bess
Goldring     (Stuart),adoring
grandfather  of  Peter,Glenn,
Jonathan,Jason,Emily
and  Lily  Thrope,Michelle,
Douglas,Richard  and  Laura
Goldring,graduate  of  CCNY
(Baruch)  Class  of   1946,and
NYU  Law  School,Class  of
1950.Funeral Services will be
held  on  Sunday,Septembe
r
23,2012   at    12:00   noon   at
Riverside     Nassau     North
Chapels,55   North    Station
Plaza,Great Neck,NY 11021.
Burial will  follow at Old Mon-
tefiore Cemetery,St.Albans,
NY.
SCHWARTZ—Stephen.
It is now 2 years since you were
taken from us  tragically and
prematurely.We miss every-
thing about you - your  humor,
your  passion  for   ideas,you
r
warmth,your friendship.
Rest inpeace,dear brother.
EllenandMichael
Deaths
Deaths
In Memoriam
C1
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
If you’ve ever wanted to see what the
city’s pre-eminent statue of Christopher Co-
lumbus looks like standing on a large coffee
table in an upscale New York living room
with killer views, now is your
chance. Under the auspices of
the Public Art Fund, the Japa-
nese artist Tatzu Nishi has built
a convincingly appointed pent-
house-worthy space around the
13-foot-high marble sculpture of
Columbus that has presided over Columbus
Circle from a height of 60 feet since it was
completed by Gaetano Russo in 1892. In do-
ing so,Mr. Nishi has achieved a nifty bit of
Surrealist displacement without moving the
sculpture an inch — albeit not quite as nifty
as I’d hoped. 
To see the work,“Discovering Colum-
bus,” visitors need only procure a free timed
ticket, sign a release, climb six flights of
stairs and enter the white windowed box
that has been built around the figure.It’s a
structure that from the outside looks like a
pristine outtake from a mansion, albeit one
supported by an elaborate network of con-
struction scaffolding that is itself rather at-
tractive. (An elevator is also available.) 
Once inside, they will encounter Colum-
bus’s commanding figure,wearing the usu-
al floppy beret and High Renaissance garb,
in a spacious interior larger than many New
York apartments (over 800 square feet, with
16-foot ceilings). It is outfitted with hard-
wood floors, area rugs, cushy couches and
armchairs, art reproductions, lots of read-
ing material and a remote-free,55-inch
Samsung television screen. Most of this has
been provided by Bloomingdale’s; all of it is
bathed in natural light, thanks to four large
windows facing in three directions. 
The statue, previously visible only from
afar, is front and center, and it towers. You
can sit down and contemplate Columbus
and his legacy, along with the tendency of
high-minded public art to fade into the back-
ground, while enjoying a reasonable facsim-
ile of someone’s home.
You may note that the statue’s gaze, up
close, is rather piercing, perhaps in an at-
tempt to overcome its high perch, or you
can consider the way weather and pollution
have reduced the marble to something that
looks like cast concrete. Or you may savor
the views of Central Park and the assorted
avenues or pick up a newspaper or maga-
zine, as if waiting in a doctor’s office.
Regardless, you’ll be experiencing an in-
OZIER MUHAMMAD/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Discovering Columbus
This installation by Tatzu Nishi puts a living room around the statue of Christopher Columbus at Columbus Circle. It is 60 feet high and requires walking up six flights of stairs. 
ROBERTA
SMITH 
ART
REVIEW 
Continued on Page 5
At His Penthouse,
ATête-à-Tête
With Columbus
From afar, the first FarmVille game
on Facebook seemed to be a manipula-
tive horror, a collection of psychological
tricks that preyed on our desire to find
something predictable in life. It was a
simple test that doled out
predictable rewards:
Plant some seeds with a
mouse click, and they
would sprout minutes,
hours or days later —
faster if you paid for them
to hurry or if you bugged friends for
help.
Played in 10-minute doses, the game
promised inevitable progress and
threatened minimal failure. FarmVille
players could not lose; they just needed
more time to do better. The fuel for
progress was anxiety, the concern that
your friends were doing better because
they had clicked, paid or pestered oth-
ers for help more often.
Three years later we have Farm-
Ville 2:a slicker, more attractive ver-
sion of the old way of doing things. It
still mimics a chain letter, though at its
core it runs a more complex interactive
simulation of crops and harvests that
requires increased decision-making
from the player. So it feels more like a
valid game. 
This big sequel arrives as its creators
at Zynga are facing pressure over the
company’s performance and concerns
about whether people have tired of so-
cial gaming’s basic tricks.
FarmVille 2, like its predecessor, lets
players log in free, most likely through
Facebook, to begin tilling a plot of land.
Players can click on squares to plant
seeds for tomatoes, blueberries and oth-
er crops. One click to plant. One click to 
ZYNGA
FarmVille 2
This video game, by Zynga,
comes three years after the first version.
STEPHEN
TOTILO
VIDEO GAME
REVIEW
Cash Crops,
Emphasis 
On the Cash
Continued on Page 6
By ROBIN POGREBIN
Not everyone at the Public Theater
was thrilled about plans to put a snack
bar smack-dab in the center of Joe
Papp’s historic theater lobby. But
Oskar Eustis, the Public’s artistic di-
rector, considered it important. “There
is nothing that will make people con-
gregate like food and beverage,” he
said. “If we have that, people will stay
around.” 
Mr. Eustis very much wants them to
linger, which is why the theater’s
$40 million renovation, to be unveiled
on Oct. 4, focuses on its public spaces
rather than on its  six stages. Like
many New York theaters — including
ones at the Brooklyn Academy of Mu-
sic and Lincoln Center — the Public is
revamping itself with an eye toward
becoming a round-the-clock destina-
tion. 
“We’re trying to put more emphasis
on this downtown building as a center
and as a campus,” Mr. Eustis said of
the Public’s East Village location. “We
don’t want a space only used for 20
minutes before a show, 20 minutes af-
ter, and 15 minutes at intermission, and
the rest of the time it’s just a big,empty
room.” 
Along with the Lobby Bar, other new
enticements include a mezzanine over-
looking the lobby; a mezzanine lounge
called the Library, open until 2 a.m. and
serving food by the chef Michael Oliver
(formerly of Locanda Verde); and a
generous stoop at the front entrance of
the theater’s 1854 building, at 425 La-
fayette Street, at Astor Place. 
Gail Merrifield Papp, a trustee and
the widow of the theater’s founder, ex-
pressed enthusiasm for the renovation.
“It’s going to be much more welcoming
and user-friendly,” she said, but added:
Come for the Drinks, Stay for the Drama, at the Public
Continued on Page 6
New York City Ballet’s gala on
Thursday night managed to do dis-
services to both ballet
and fashion. Three
dances were presented
with new costumes by
the fashion designer Va-
lentino, as was a world
premiere; a Balanchine
ballet was performed with its three
lead roles redistributed among eight
dancers; and Valentino was honored
in film and, finally, onstage. This
should have amounted to something
substantial. The proceedings, howev-
er, kept suggesting that couture and
ballet have less in common than we
might hope. 
Worse, they kept trivializing both
genres. An evening of froth would
have been fine. Froth has bubbles.
Thursday’s gala didn’t even have
those. 
City Ballet’s 2012-13 season should
be historic for Peter Martins, its bal-
let master in chief; this is his 30th
year at the helm. He could at least
have given a little weight to Thurs-
day’s gala by pointing out that it
drew together threads from the main
features of this year’s programming. 
“Rubies” (1967), the evening’s Bal-
anchine ballet, is to music by Stravin-
sky, and thus belongs to the current
fall season’s celebration of the ex-
ANDREA MOHIN/THE NEW YORK TIMES
New York City Ballet 
Tiler Peck, center,and fellow company members in Valentino in “Bal de Couture” at the Koch Theater.
All This in the Name of Fashion
Continued on Page 7
ALASTAIR
MACAULAY 
DANCE
REVIEW 
I can’t count the number of times I
have sat at my computer, opened You-
Tube and typed a strange phrase into
the search box: “knee 1.”
“Knee 1” is the title of the opening
section of “Einstein on
the Beach,” Philip Glass
and Robert Wilson’s 1976
operatic spectacle, a work
that until last week at the
Brooklyn Academy of
Music, where it has re-
turned after 20 years, I had known ex-
clusively through recordings.
From the time I first heard about
“Einstein,” while growing up just out-
side New York — the city whose 1970s
downtown avant-garde it epitomized,
and where it had its American premiere
at the Metropolitan Opera House in 1976
— I knew that it was a seminal event in
opera history. The work represented the
culmination of centuries of experiments
in the union of image and sound,and a
new way to think about plot, or rather
the absence of one. It was through this
reputation that I admired it, but it was
through recordings — through Mr.
Glass’s alternately creeping and churn-
ing score — that I loved it.
For me the long-desired prospect of
combining that score with Mr. Wilson’s
design and direction, along with Lucin-
da Childs’s choreography, held the
promise of a dream come to life. But the
experience fell short of my imaginings.
I was surprised to discover that for all
those years I had been missing so little. 
An Opera
Better Heard
Than Seen
Continued on Page 7
ZACHARY
WOOLFE
CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK
C2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
With New Financing, ‘Rebecca’ Is to Resume Rehearsals
A lead producer of the $12 million Broadway musical “Rebecca” said on Friday that he had received
new financial commitments from investors to make up a $4.5 million gap in its capitalization budget, and
that he had informed cast members that rehearsals could start next week. The investment contracts, how-
ever, are still awaiting signatures, according to the producer, Ben Sprecher, left, who had to cancel an ear-
lier Broadway outing of “Rebecca,” based on the novel by Daphne du Maurier, last win-
ter because of a lack of funds. As signs of good faith, Mr. Sprecher said he planned to be-
gin paying cast members on Monday and to prepare rehearsal space for them. The show
suspended rehearsals two weeks ago. In a telephone interviewMr. Sprecher declined to
provide specifics about money for the show, one of the most troubled in recent Broadway
history. He would not identify the new investors or say if he was putting in his own
money. He has said the shortfall emerged in August after the death of a major investor;
he has declined to identify that investor, as he did again on Friday.
Three other Broadway producers, as well as an executive involved with “Rebecca,”
all speaking on condition of anonymity because they were addressing confidential busi-
ness matters that Mr. Sprecher wanted them to keep private, said that Mr. Sprecher had told them that the
investor was Paul Abrams, a multimillionaire who died of malaria last month in London; The New York
Times could not independently confirm his existence. Asked if Mr. Abrams were fictitious, Mr. Sprecher
said, “You’ll have to go and get that information somewhere else.” Executives at the Shubert Organization,
which has a six-figure investment in “Rebecca” and owns its intended Broadway theater, said on Friday
they were being flexible with Mr. Sprecher because an investor’s death was beyond his control. 
PATRICK HEALY
Sotheby’s Reaches Deal
With Chinese Company
In an effort to capitalize on the
tremendous growth of the Chi-
nese art market,Sotheby’s said
on Friday it had entered into a 10-
year joint venture with the Bei-
jing GeHua Art Company, a state-
owned enterprise, to become the
first international auction house
in mainland China. 
Until now,the Chinese govern-
ment had not allowed internation-
al auction houses to hold sales in
China outside of Hong Kong; this
joint venture, called Sotheby’s
(Beijing) Auction Company, will
pave the way for a major expan-
sion: Sotheby’s will not only hold
sales in China, but it will also take
advantage of the new Tianzhu
free trade zone in Beijing being
developed by GeHua, gaining ac-
cess to tax-exempt storage facili-
ties there for Sotheby’s clients. 
Sotheby’s is investing $1.2 mil-
lion in the venture. The inaugural
auction will take place on Thurs-
day at the Millennium Hall of the
Beijing World Art Museum,
where “Self and Self Shadow,” a
sculpture by the Chinese artist
Wang Huaiqing, will be offered. 
CAROL VOGEL
Reunion at Festival
For ‘Ben Stiller Show’ 
In a different universe,televi-
sion audiences would be prepar-
ing for Fox’s 21st season of “The
Ben Stiller Show,” the freely as-
sociative sketch show that
mashed up Woody Allen com-
edies and monster movies and
wondered what
structure Bruce
Willis would be
trapped in for
“Die Hard 12,”
instead of mo-
rosely noting
that the show
was canceled
after half a sea-
son in 1992 (and an earlier MTV
incarnation in 1990). 
For those viewers who never
got over this injustice — or who
simply wonder what became of
Andy Dick — the principal cast
and producers of “The Ben Stiller
Show” plan to reunite at the New
York Comedy Festival, the festi-
val’s organizers said on Friday.
The lineup of alumni for the re-
union, set for Nov. 10 at the Paley
Center for Media in Manhattan,
includes Mr. Stiller, above;
Janeane Garofalo;Bob Oden-
kirk;Judd Apatow;and the ever-
unpredictable Mr. Dick,as well
as Jeff Kahn and Rob Cohen. The
New York Comedy Festival runs
from Nov. 7 through 11.
Spring for Music Festival
Plans to End in 2014
Spring for Music, a project
bringing six North American or-
chestras chosen for their creative
programs to Carnegie Hall dur-
ing an annual weeklong festival,
will end after two more outings.
The organizers said that the
fourth festival, in May 2014,
would be the last. A spokeswom-
an said that the organizers could
not raise the money for another
season or sell another presenter
on the idea. In a news release
Spring for Music, which charges
$25 a ticket, says it will have pre-
sented 23 orchestras by the end
of its run. 
DANIEL J.WAKIN
Sundance Institute
To Honor Ebert
The Sundance Institute said
that it would award the film critic
Roger Ebert, right, with its sec-
ond Vanguard Leadership award,
in recognition of his advocacy of
independent cinema. The award
is the centerpiece of the insti-
tute’s next Celebrate Sundance
benefit, to be held in Los Angeles
in June. 
Mr. Ebert’s film column has ap-
peared in The Chicago Sun-Times
since 1967, and
his reviews are
syndicated in
more than 200
newspapers
worldwide.
Known for his
long-running
TV film-review
programs and
his Web site, he
has also written more than a doz-
en books. “When I started Sun-
dance in 1980, and when few
would support us, Roger was
there,” Robert Redford, president
of the Sundance Institute, said in
a statement. 
BROOKS BARNES
Netflix Picks Up
New Gervais Series
Netflix has said that it has ac-
quired the rights to show
“Derek,” a new comedy show
written, directed by and starring
Ricky Gervais, below, after its
run on Channel 4 in Britain. On
“Derek,” Mr. Gervais plays its ti-
tle character, a naïvely simple
man who works in a nursing
home. A pilot episode — which
stirred up some
concern that
the Derek char-
acter was
mocking dis-
abled people,
and which Mr.
Gervais rebut-
ted, saying the
character was
not disabled — was shown in
Britain in April, and drew about
two million viewers for Channel
4, leading to a full series order.
Netflix said it would make
“Derek” available some time
next year. 
Mr. Gervaissaid in a state-
ment: “Netflix is the future. TV
habits have already changed
drastically over the last 10 years,
and this is the next phase. People
want their favorite shows on de-
mand whether they are home-
grown or not.”
Arts, Briefly
Compiled by Dave Itzkoff 
N
C3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
PHILADELPHIA — “I think
that nudity is a cyclical phenom-
enon,” muses the dead rocker
Jim Morrison, cavorting in a
funky green room in purgatory in
the dance-theater
piece “27,” at the
Live Arts Festival
here.“In the realm
of art and theater I
do think that I’m
not personally con-
vinced that nudity is always a
necessary part of a play or film.
But I do think that the artist
should feel free to use it if he feels
like it.” 
Thanks for the input, Jim!
Hazy though it may be, this
stance on laying bare the flesh
struck an apt note in the context
of my weekend at the Live Arts
Festival, since by the time I saw
“27,” I had already attended two
shows that made a spectacle of
nudity, albeit in contrasting lit-
eral and figurative forms.
The actual, fling-your-clothes-
to-the-skies kind, is served up
with exuberant abandon in
“Bang,” a kind of burlesque of
burlesque conceived by Charlotte
Ford and directed by Emmanu-
elle Delpech. And while nobody
actually disrobes in “Zero Cost
House,” a head-scratcher of a col-
laboration between the local Pig
Iron Theater Company and the
Japanese playwright Toshiki
Okada, this meandering exercise
in aesthetic autobiography cer-
tainly went into navel-gazing de-
tail,as various actors portraying
Mr. Okada mused at length upon
his evolving attitudes toward his
great artistic inspiration:Henry
David Thoreau’s “Walden.” 
Ms. Ford’s “Bang,” which fea-
tured the creator, Lee Etzold and
Sarah Sanford portraying loopy
female archetypes — the nerd,
the bourgeois, the hippie — was
one of the breakout hits of the fes-
tival, which concludes on Sunday.
The production added several
performances, and the audience I
saw it with at a late show on a
Friday night delighted in its spir-
ited humor and the, ahem,
cheeky audacity with which its
performers frolicked frockless in
and around the audience, seduc-
ing more than one member to
join in the sexually tinged antics.
(I suspect they were plants, but
they seemed to fool most of the
crowd.) 
A tall, curved red velvet cur-
tain surrounds the playing area,
into which Ms. Sanford slides as
the performance begins. With
oversize eyeglasses, sensible
shoes and a backpack, her dark
hair a riot of unruly curls, her
Barb is a buttoned-up,bookish
type who has somehow been
transported from the library
where she was studying to this
erotic playground. She is joined
by the equally bewildered Gayle
(Ms. Etzold), a suburban type in
tacky white pumps and acid-
washed jeans, and Cheyenne
(Ms. Ford), the eternal flower
child, with a curtain of dark hair
to her waist and the lolloping gait
of a wood sprite. 
As they stare in mortified con-
fusion at the audience, gabbling
away, a sign reading “Sex Show”
descends from above. At first af-
fronted but soon game as can be,
the women begin performing a
series of erotic divertissements
that finds each one, at some
point, revealing all. Employing a
series of comic props — a ladder,
an armchair, a banana and a bot-
tle of chocolate syrup — these
contrasting types collectively
revel in the display of sexuality
as public performance. 
“Bang” makes no overt at-
tempts to grab for grand state-
ments about sexuality or nudity
or the “male gaze,” and its antic if
aimless spirit was ultimately re-
freshing.(Young Jean Lee’s “Un-
titled Feminist Show,” a more
brash and intellect-driven piece
featuring ample female nudity,
was also part of the Live Arts
Festival.) Like the neo-burlesque
performers they are somewhat
amateurishly imitating, Barb,
Gayle and Cheyenne were con-
tent to entertain us, and entertain
they did.
The same cannot be said for
“Zero Cost House,” which will be
seen at the Under the Radar festi-
val at the Public Theater in Janu-
ary. A talky consideration of Mr.
Okada’s evolving appreciation of
“Walden” and,more obliquely,
Mr. Okada’s relationship to his
own work and responsibilities as
a public figure in an increasingly
troubled world, this promising-
on-paper collaboration in its cur-
rent state feels overwritten and
underthought.
Written by Mr. Okada for the
most part in the first person, the
show is performed by members
of Pig Iron, more than one of
whom portrays the playwright as
he relates the story of his begin-
nings as a writer. (Several of his
works have been done in New
York, including a triptych of short
plays that is part of this festival,
too.)
Just out of university, Mr. Oka-
da took a menial job and was con-
tent to earn just enough to live,as
long as he had the freedom of
time to write. With the perspec-
tive of 15 years (he is now 39), Mr.
Okada looks back with wry affec-
tion on his younger self, skeptical
of his youthful obsession with
“Walden,” which he came to find
artificial and touched with arro-
gance. 
Mr. Okada’s ideas about the
book were suddenly altered, how-
ever, after the 2011 earthquake
and subsequent tsunami that
caused the meltdowns at the nu-
clear power plant in Fukushima.
Under the influence of a contem-
porary artist, Kyohei Sakaguchi,
whose ideas about living a mini-
malist life hark back to Tho-
reau’s, Mr. Okada left Tokyo for
Kumamoto, where Mr. Sakaguchi
had started an alternate govern-
ment,of sorts — thanks to his
large Twitter following. 
This précis makes “Zero Cost
House,” directed loosely by Dan
Rothenberg, sound far more
pointed and cogent than it actual-
ly is. Dappled with quirky diver-
sions,like a domestic drama
within the drama featuring two
actors dressed in white bunny
costumes, the play is so repeti-
tive and dramatically sluggish
that its ideas seem to be written
in cement that is slowly drying
before your eyes.
The Pig Iron players are won-
derfully engaging actors, special-
izing in a kind of un-self-con-
scious, artless acting that is defi-
nitely in tune with the seemingly
free-form construction of the
play, but Mr. Okada’s limp, indul-
gent text gives them minimal ma-
terial to work with. 
Self-indulgence of a rather live-
lier, albeit self-destructive kind
was a definite problem for the
characters in “27,” from the Phila-
delphia company New Paradise
Laboratories. This stylish-look-
ing production imagines the af-
terlives of the famous rock fig-
ures who died at the age given in
the title, the victims of booze,
drugs and the pressures of celeb-
rity. With the exception of Jimi
Hendrix they are pretty much all
here: Janis Joplin (Allison Caw),
Amy Winehouse (Julia Frey),
Jim Morrison (Kevin Meehan)
and Kurt Cobain (Matteo Scam-
mell). 
All the performers but Mr.
Meehan bear a notable resem-
blance to the figures they repre-
sent — or at least are made to do
so through costuming and make-
up. The show, conceived and di-
rected by Whit MacLaughlin, is
almost text-free,although a gui-
tarist and vocalist, Alec
MacLaughlin (the director’s
nephew), joins the characters in
singing snippets of their hits. 
Mostly,Whit MacLaughlin
uses movement to distinguish the
characters’ various personae.
Striking distorted poses or rock-
eting around the stage (a grungy-
glam assemblage suggesting a
party in somebody’s basement,
from the designer Matt Saun-
ders), they writhe, scramble or
stretch through the same move-
ments repeatedly.
At first arresting in its fluctua-
tions between zombified stasis
and frantic riot, the show eventu-
ally begins to pall. The repetitive
nature of the choreography is
presumably meant to echo the
psychic and emotional patterns
that led to the characters’ deaths,
but it becomes wearying pretty
quickly. 
The arrival of a newcomer, a
young woman named Riley,
played by Emilie Krause, galva-
nizes the proceedings about mid-
way through, but the purpose
and point of the mysterious ritu-
als she is put through before the
whole cast descends into the star-
shaped hole at the back of the set
never emerges very clearly. 
I left thinking that if indeed
Kurt, Amy, Janis and Jim are
gathered together in some celes-
tial limbo, they are kicking up a
party that rocks a lot harder than
the one onstage at “27.” 
KEVIN MONKO
The dance-theater piece “27,” performed by the troupe New Paradise Laboratories, is part of the Live Arts Festival in Philadelphia.
CHARLES
ISHERWOOD 
CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK 
The Live Arts Festival runs
through Sunday at various loca-
tions in Philadelphia; livearts
-fringe.org.
KEVIN MONKO
From left, Charlotte Ford,
Sarah Sanford    and    Lee
Etzold, still clothed, in “Bang.” 
A Time for Gazing
At Navels, as Well 
As a Few Other Things
C4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
THE HILARIOUS
TONY-WINNINGNEWMUSICAL!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
MATTHEWBRODERICK KELLI O'HARA
NICE WORK
IF YOU CAN GET IT
Music &Lyrics by
GEORGE GERSHWIN&IRAGERSHWIN
Book by JOE DIPIETRO
Directed and Choreographed by
KATHLEENMARSHALL
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tu&Th 7;We,Fr&Sa 8;We&Sa 2;Su 3
NiceWorkOnBroadway.com
Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street
Today at 2 &8
WINNER!BEST MUSICAL
2012 TONYAWARD
ONCE
ANewMusical
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tues 7,Wed-Sat 8,Wed &Sat 2,Sun 3
OnceMusical.com
The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
WINNER!5 TONYAWARDS
"An absurdly funny fantastical journey."
—Entertainment Weekly
PETER AND THE
STARCATCHER
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Tue -Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8;Sun 3
PeterandtheStarcatcher.com
Groups (12+) 877-321-0020
Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
TODAYAT 2 &8
"IMPOSSIBLE TORESIST."
-NewYork Times Critic's Pick
ROCK OF AGES
Broadway's Best Party
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30
www.RockOfAgesMusical.com
Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 1 &7
SPIDER-MAN
TURN OFF THE DARK
877-250-2929 or Ticketmaster.com
Mon,Tu,Th 7:30;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &7
SpiderManOnBroadway.com
Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYpresents
THE LION KING
The Landmark Musical Event
Tickets &info:LionKing.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
This Wknd:Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30
Nxt Wk:T-W7;Th-F 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 6:30
Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street
Today at 2 &8
Visit Telecharge.comor call
212-239-6200/800-432-7250
THE PHANTOM OF
THE OPERA
Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
Grps:800-BROADWAYor 212-239-6262
Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
Nowthru January 6 Only!
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
ANational Theatre of
Great Britain Production
WAR HORSE
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Groups 12+:212-889-4300
WarHorseOnBroadway.com
Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
"Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster"
—The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
WICKED
Tu &We 7;Th-Sa 8;Sa 2;Su 3
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Groups:646-289-6885/877-321-0020
WickedtheMusical.com
Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
"SCREAMINGLYFUNNY!"- AP
EXTENDEDTHRUOCT 21
BULLET FOR ADOLF
By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman
Directed by Woody Harrelson
M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street
BulletForAdolf.com
TODAYAT 2,5&8
"THE SHOWROCKS!"-NYTimes
Experience the Phenomenon
"ASENSATION!"- TIME Magazine
BLUE MAN GROUP
1-800-BLUEMAN - BLUEMAN.COM
Mon,Wed-Fri 8,Sat 2,5&8,Sun 2&5
Groups of 15+:(212) 260-8993
Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
THE MUSICAL HIT OF THE SEASON!
NewBlock Tickets on Sale thru Nov.25!
"ATruly Magical Experience!"- AP
MALTBYANDSHIRE'S
CLOSER THAN EVER
Week of 9/24:Tues 7;Wed 2:30 &8;
Thu &Fri 8;Sat 2:30 &8;Sun 2:30
TIX:212 935 5820 or YorkTheatre.org
York Theatre@St.Peter's,54th E.of Lex
Today 2:30&8,Tom'w3&7-Thru 10/6 only!
"EXHILARATING!"-The NewYorker
""
(COCKFIGHTPLAY.com)
by MIKE BARTLETT
Directed by JAMESMACDONALD
The Duke on 42nd Street - 229 W.42 St.
For Tix:Dukeon42.org or 646-223-3010
Tues-Sat 8,Sun 7;Sat 2:30,Sun 3
“RobMcClure DAZZLESin a star-making
performance.”– The Hollywood Reporter
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
CHAPLIN
THE MUSICAL
The Big Musical About the Little Tramp
Tu 7;We 2&7:30;Th 7;Fr 8;Sa 2&8;Su 3
Telecharge.com/212-239-6200
www.ChaplinBroadway.com
Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street
BEST MUSICAL
2006 Tony Award Winner
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
"IT WILL RUNFORCENTURIES!"—Time
JERSEY BOYS
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Group Discounts (15+):877-536-3437
JerseyBoysBroadway.com
August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEY and CAMERONMACKINTOSH
present
MARY POPPINS
Tickets &info:MaryPoppins.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue-Thu 7;Fri 8;Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30
NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St.
Today at 2 &8
2012 TONY AWARDWINNER!
Best Original Score   Best Choreography
DISNEYpresents
NEWSIES
Tickets &info:NewsiesTheMusical.com
or call (866) 870-2717
Groups (15+) 800-439-9000
Mo - We 7:30;We 2;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3
Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
"AGodsend!"- Ben Brantley,NYTimes
"Hysterically Funny!"- Roma Torre,NY1
FORBIDDEN BROADWAY:
ALIVE AND KICKING!
Tu 8,W2 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 7:30
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
ForbiddenBroadway.com
"SURREAL ANDHAUNTING"-Newsday
FINAL TWOWEEKS!
Today at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM
Signature Theatre presents
HEARTLESS
by SamShepard
directed by Daniel Aukin
Tues-Fri at 7:30,Wed at 2,
Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2
212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
Performances begin Sept.25!
Primary Stages presents
HIM
Aworld premiere by Daisy Foote
Directed by Evan Yionoulis
Tue-Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2 &8,Sun 3
212-279-4200 or ticketcentral.com
59E59 Theaters,59 East 59th Street
primarystages.org
"ANON-STOPLAUGHFEST!"
—The Huffington Post
Today at 2 &8
OLD JEWS TELLING JOKES
Mon &Thu 7;Fri 8
Sat 2 &8;Sun 3 &7
Telecharge.com/212-239-6200
www.ojtjonstage.com
The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St.
Tonight at 8;Tomorrowat 3
"HAUNTING!"The Washington Post
SOUNDING BECKETT
Footfalls Ohio Impromptu Catastrophe
Directed by Joy Zinoman
Plus World Premiere Compositions
Cygnus Ensemble
Limited Run,September 14-23
Fri,Sat at 8;Sun at 3
Call 866-811-4111 SoundingBeckett.com
Classic Stage Company,136 E.13th St.
Today at 3 &8
"BRILLIANT,EXUBERANT AND
INFECTIOUS."—Holden,NY Times
STOMP
Tue-Fri at 8;Sat at 3 &8;Sun at 2 &5:30
Ticketmaster:(800) 982-2787
Groups 10+:toll free (855) 203-9980
www.stomponline.com
OrpheumTheatre,Second Ave at 8th St.
FINAL 3 PERFORMANCES!
"FOURSTARS!"-Time Out NY
Today at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM
Signature Theatre presents
THE TRAIN DRIVER
written and directed by
Athol Fugard
Saturday at 2 &8PM;Sunday at 2PM
212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
"EXTRAORDINARY!"- The NewYorker
Today at 2:30 &7:30
TRIBES
ANewPlay by NINARAINE
Directed by DAVIDCROMER
Tu-Fr 7:30;Sa 2:30 &7:30;Su 2:30 &7:30
SmartTix.comor 212-868-4444
www.TribesThePlay.com
BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
OFF−BROADWAY
BROADWAY
The centenary of the great
American avant-garde composer
John Cage this year has brought
a torrential outpouring of tribute
concerts: a timely reaction that
has been as welcome as
it has been slightly be-
wildering, given Cage’s
still-contentious status
among a broad general
audience. For new-mu-
sic partisans, at least,
the development has been an un-
bounded cornucopia. (Who
would ever have imagined a year
in which Cage oversaturation
might threaten to set in?)
Presumably, an audience at-
tracted to a concert in the Miller
Theater’s always edifying Com-
poser Portraits series, which fo-
cuses entirely on contemporary
music, is one that would find most
any Cage-related event appeal-
ing. Credit goes to the Interna-
tional Contemporary Ensemble
(also known as ICE) for finding a
new and illuminating context in
which to position Cage, by juxta-
posing his music with a bench-
mark serialist composition by
Pierre Boulez, “Le Marteau Sans
Maître” (“The Hammer Without
a Master”), for its concert at Mill-
er on Thursday evening.
Cage is remembered most
widely for some of his dogma-
flouting notions about what con-
stitutes music, how it should be
produced and whose volition — if
anyone’s — should take prece-
dence in the contract among a
composer, a performer and a lis-
tener. Mr. Boulez could be viewed
in some ways as Cage’s polar op-
posite: a composer for whom pre-
cision, exactitude and control are
principal virtues.
The fascinating program was
inspired by correspondence be-
tween Cage and Mr. Boulez from
1949 to 1954, when the two,newly
met,were intrigued by each oth-
er’s compositional break-
throughs. As Cage moved away
from rigor toward strategies of
chance, the friendship cooled,
ending while Mr. Boulez was writ-
ing “Le Marteau.”
Had ICEsimply performed “Le
Marteau” alongside the career-
spanning selection of Cage com-
positions it presented on Thurs-
day, the result would probably
have been one of appreciating
separate yet ostensibly equal ap-
proaches to making modern mu-
sic. Instead, the works were fused
in an almost seamless 80-minute
sequence,with movements from
“Le Marteau,” presented in their
final order, alternating with
pieces by Cage.
Now and then you still sensed
connections between the two
composers: chiefly, an interest in
the potential of extreme instru-
mental techniques and a curiosity
about non-Western modes of mu-
sic-making,reflected in Mr. Bou-
lez’s beguiling instrumentation
and the propulsive rhythms of
Cage’s percussion trio “Amores.”
But what was extraordinary
about the unorthodox presenta-
tion was the complex, shifting
range of responses it provoked.
At the start of the program, after
the herky-jerky contortions and
steely reserve of Mr. Boulez’s
“Avant ‘L’Artisanat Furieux,’”
Cage’s “Music for Three” sound-
ed like a necessary corrective: its
lambent flute and pensive viola
rich with implications of breath,
emotion and stillness.
As the concert wore on, my re-
sponses veered sharply. After the
anything-goes sensation of
Cage’s “Radio Music” — admit-
tedly in an account made dull
through a lack of anything engag-
ing being broadcast at the time —
the sure hand of volition evident
in Mr. Boulez’s “Après ‘L’Artisa-
nat Furieux’” offered a welcome
respite.
That shift, along with the no-
tion of challenged expectations
that it indicated, was surely the
point of the program. Yet even as
I contemplated my responses, I
consistently admired the sterling
work done by the musicians in-
volved, including the conductor,
Steven Schick, the ensemble’s
first artist in residence this sea-
son.
Highlights that deserve men-
tion include the virtuosic whimsy
demonstrated by Jessica Aszodi,
a mezzo-soprano, in Cage’s
“Aria”; the tonal beauty and ex-
acting technique shown by the
flutist Eric Lamb in Cage’s Solo
for flute from Concert for Piano
and Orchestra; and the stardust-
dappled constellation of sounds
conjured during Cage’s “Atlas
Eclipticalis” by the players on-
stage and guest musicians scat-
tered throughout the darkened
hall. Still, it was as a provocative
whole that the concert made its
strongest impact.
MICHELLE V. AGINS/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Composer Portraits: John Cage
The International Contemporary Ensemble performed works by Cage and Boulez at Miller Theater on Thursday. 
MUSIC
REVIEW 
STEVE
SMITH 
Letters Inspire an Intertwining of Boulez and Cage
The next Composer Portraits
event, featuring music by Jona-
than Harvey, will be on Oct. 11 at
the Miller Theater,Columbia Uni-
versity, Broadway at 116th Street,
Morningside Heights;(212) 854-
7799, millertheatre.com.
no-trump - pass. Thomas Bessis
(East,from France) led the spade
ten. Michel Bessis (West), his fa-
ther,took the trick with his king
and switched to a club. Declarer,
North, won with his jack and
made the interesting play of the
spade jack. East covered with his
queen, expecting his father to
overtake with the ace if he had it. 
But West played low, perhaps
thinking that the spade-jack lead
would not have been made if
North also had the ace,and so
East must have wanted to take
the trick.
East played another spade,
West winning and switching to a
diamond. North won with his ace
and led a heart. East now made a
great play, putting up his queen.
Wooldridge paused, but even-
tually found a winning line as the
cards lay. He won with dummy’s
king and continued with the
heart ten to take four hearts, two
diamonds and one club.
Plus 100 and plus 90 won the
board for the United States.
Watch out for this second-
hand-high play when dummy has
a strong suit like that and no side
entry.
The Buffett Cup, bridge’s ver-
sion of the Ryder Cup, had an ad-
ditional competition this year. Af-
ter the usual team, pair and indi-
vidual events, there was an extra
set of seven-board team match-
es. The 12 points at stake were di-
vided 6 and 6, so this did not af-
fect the final result, a victory by
the United States.
There were, however,some in-
teresting deals in this segment,
including the one in the diagram.
It featured Marc Jacobus (East)
and Curtis Cheek (West), who
sent the details to me, playing
against the Dutch world champi-
ons, Ricco van Prooijen (North)
and Louk Verhees (South).
North opened one diamond be-
cause he and his partner were
using a strong-club system. The
rest of the auction was natural,
although redouble showed three-
card heart support.
West led the spade ace, under
which East played the five, low
discouraging at Trick 1 on an ace-
lead. Cheek then spent some
time deciding what to do next.
He wondered about club ace,
club ruff, spade to the king, and
club ruff with the heart queen to
promote his heart jack. But if
South had a singleton club, this
would have been fatal.
Eventually, West shifted to a
diamond. Declarer won with
dummy’s ace (East, now using
upside-down signals, encour-
aged with the deuce), played a
heart to his king and led a club
up. West took his ace, seeing his
partner play the nine,using up-
side-down count. Now West
knew that East had started with
a singleton club. But sticking
with his plan, West led a second
diamond.
South won with dummy’s king,
played a trump to his ace and led
a club to dummy’s jack. East’s
next three cards were the heart
queen (ruffing this trick), the
spade queen and the diamond
queen for down one.
At the other table, Joel Wool-
dridge (North) and John Hurd
(South) had an uncontested auc-
tion of one club - one heart - one
Phillip Alder 
Bridge 
NORTH(D)
S J 4
h 7 6 5
d A K 3
C K J 10 5 2
WEST
S A K 8
h J 4
d 9 6 4
C A Q 7 6 4
EAST
SQ 10 9 7 5
h Q 3 2
d Q 8 5 2
C 9
SOUTH
S 6 3 2
h A K 10 9 8
d J 10 7
C 8 3
North and South were vulner-
able. The bidding:
West North East South
— 1 d     Pass 1 h
Dbl. Redbl. 2 S    3 h
Pass Pass Pass
West led the spade ace.
Books of The Times. Weekdays.
N
C5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
timacy usually reserved for birds
and art restorers. (Indeed, after
Mr. Nishi’s piece closes on Nov.
18, the structure will remain in
place for a few months more,
while the statue undergoes major
conservation for the first time
since 1991.) 
This is the latest work from Mr.
Nishi, 52, who divides his time be-
tween Tokyo and Berlin and has
been recontextualizing monu-
ments and architectural land-
marks across the globe by enclos-
ing them in temporary rooms
since 1997. He has for example,
built living rooms around a
bronze equestrian statue in Gua-
temala City, and an angel weath-
er vane on top of a cathedral in
Basel, Switzerland. 
Similarly, he has constructed
luxurious hotel suites — gleam-
ing bathrooms and all — that visi-
tors can reserve for the night
around a statue of Queen Victoria
in Liverpool,England, and
around the Merlion, a kitschy
harborside fountain in Singapore. 
Other displacements apply the
formula in reverse, as when Mr.
Nishi has turned arcing street-
lights so that they protrude into
adjacent apartments, providing
indoor lighting. And he has occa-
sionally taken the concept more
completely indoors, for example
building a scruffy-looking kitchen
around a Blue Period Picasso
that hangs in a museum in Na-
goya, Japan. 
Mr. Nishi’s work represents a
further twist on, and also an in-
version of, the wrapped buildings
of Christo and Jean-Claude. Here
you get to go inside the added
wrapping and become part of the
transformation. It also offers a
somewhat fresh if hardly unfore-
seeable fusion of several fashion-
able art notions, among them
site-specificity, found-object recy-
cling, interactive art and archi-
tectural re-creation.
Typical of such projects are
self-referential touches, like the
slightly too cute pink-gold wall-
paper here. Designed by Mr.
Nishi, it features repeating im-
ages of American cultural figures
or monuments,like Elvis Presley,
the Empire State Building, Mari-
lyn Monroe, a hot dog and, slight-
ly more subversively, Martin Lu-
ther King Jr. and Malcolm X.
Having seen photographs of
some of Mr. Nishi’s previous ef-
forts, I have to admit that I ex-
pected a bit more Surrealist bang
for my six-flight climb,some-
thing more emphatically akin to
stepping into a painting by Ma-
gritte, but this sensation was only
mildly present. While oversize,
the domesticated Columbus stat-
ue is not as startling as I thought
it would be. It didn’t seem all that
out of place, or at least not nearly
as odd or intrusive as some of Mr.
Nishi’s other efforts, especially
those, like the Singapore Merlion,
in which only the statue’s im-
mense head protrudes into the
room.
From certain vantage points, I
felt as if I were looking at the liv-
ing room of a would-be collector
who had a spent a lot of money on
a work by a would-be Jeff Koons
— one who preferred eroded
marble to polychrome wood or
shiny metal. 
Mr. Nishi’s recontextualizing
concept is a formula that travels
well, offering each locale a lens
with which to examine its over-
looked public landmarks, their
forms and symbolism, in an unac-
customed private setting. But
this formula is also highly de-
pendent upon those landmarks.
The choice of the Columbus
sculpture is, on paper, the right
one in terms of location and his-
torical significance. It’s the sculp-
ture itself that doesn’t quite rise
to the occasion. 
So while you may go to see Co-
lumbus, you may end up staying
for the ravishing views. Also
memorable is the rather discon-
certing experience of what might
be called extreme privatization.
In a time when public space is in-
creasingly controlled and priva-
tized,one way or another, the
idea that public monuments
could be incorporated into pri-
vate spaces available only to the
rich and powerful doesn’t seem
so far-fetched. It’s definitely
something to think about.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY OZIER MUHAMMAD/THE NEW YORK TIMES
A complicated structure of scaffolding supports the work of Tatzu Nishi, which allows the public closeness with Columbus, below.
Yet the first question, about
what it means to dance, lingered.
His quest for an answer, he said,
sent him back to Obilo, the village
in the Democratic Republic of
Congo where he spent part of his
childhood. The village had dances
for everything back then, but
those he was seeking were exclu-
sively for adults, the “night
dances” he could only listen to as
a child. 
Already at this point in the
show, his fingers were dancing.
Now the rest of his wiry body
joined him, moving in a band of
light from the right wing. It was a
twisting dance of rolling shoul-
ders, limbs swiveling inward, sub-
tle ripples, drops and recoveries.
It was an incredibly supple dance
that sometimes just rocked to the
barely expressed beat in a record-
ing of Flamme Kapaya’s electric
guitar. 
When Mr. Linyekula resumed
speaking, it was to inform us, his
fingers still going, of his discov-
ery that the dances he sought had
“I am a storyteller,” the Congo-
lese choreographer Faustin
Linyekula said to those assem-
bled in Gould Hall on Tuesday
night. “But I am not here to tell
stories. I am here to dance.” In
“Le Cargo,” his first
solo performance, Mr.
Linyekula engaged in
both activities —and
connected them. 
First he spoke. Sit-
ting on a carved stool,
he shared his doubts about
whether, after 10 years of creating
dances, he had danced at all:
whether his contemporary mixes
of words and movement, most of
them explicitly addressing the de-
spair-inducing recent history of
his country,were too topical, too
wordy,to count as dance as his
ancestors understood it. He also
wondered aloud whether those in-
ternationally acclaimed works
had made any difference. 
That second question is one
most artists ask themselves,
though Mr. Linyekula’s back-
ground gives standard feelings of
futility unusual weight. His an-
swer was representative of his
low-key, wised-up charisma. The
dances made a difference to him,
he said, because he got paid. He
could take care of his family. 
disappeared. The people of Obilo
had turned to new sects of Chris-
tianity; the greatest drummer
was now a pastor. The best Mr.
Linyekula could do during his vis-
it, he said, was host a party and
see some daytime dances. 
Here Mr. Linyekula stepped in
a circle of stage lights arranged
on the floor. This dance was spar-
er. It looked like preaching, then
like a boxer’s warm-up. The lights
cast three huge shadows behind
him, an ambiguous image of a
man connected to his ancestors
but also alone and apart. 
The sense of loss was strong as
the dances and the stories repeat-
ed simultaneously, brought to-
gether as Mr. Linyekula moved to
a recording of what he had earlier
said. Into the darkness came
thrills of recognition, moments
when the dance seemed to match
with the stories, illuminating two
kinds of storytelling.
By this point, however, Mr.
Linyekula was unplugging the
lights as a laptop flashed a slide
showfrom his trip home,and the
recording reiterated his desire to
return to Obilo and dance. By
simple means, “Le Cargo” depict-
ed both how he could not go back
and how he could take us with
him. 
When a Country’s Situation Is So Bleak, Can Telling a Story Make a Difference?
DANCE
REVIEW 
BRIAN
SEIBERT 
MICHELLE V. AGINS/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Le Cargo
The Congolese choreographer Faustin Linyekula performing in this solo showat Gould Hall.
Going home to find a
tradition vanished.
There are artists from whom
we expect novelty, development.
We want to see what they’ll
come up with next, how they’ll
grow. Soledad Barrio is not that
kind. What we want
from her is more of the
same. And what’s
amazing is how she al-
ways delivers.
This great flamenco
dancer is the star of
the Noche Flamenca company,
now in a two-week run at the
Joyce Theater. That’s longer
than the troupe’s Joyce debut
last year, though still shorter
than previous seasons in smaller
houses. 
At the midsize Joyce, you lose
some intimacy, the sense of be-
ing included in the conversation
among the always excellent gui-
tarists, singers and dancers. But
the ensemble numbers look bet-
ter, and without giving in to gim-
micks, the whole production is
more of a show.
“La Plaza,” choreographed by
Noche Flamenca’s artistic direc-
tor, Martín Santangelo, simply
and effectively introduces every-
one in the 12-member troupe ex-
cept Ms. Barrio.The musical ar-
rangement and the rearranging
of bodies and cafe chairs work to-
gether to toggle attention be-
tween individuals and the group.
(Here, and throughout the pro-
gram, S. Benjamin Farrar’s taste-
ful lighting helps.) 
Mr. Santangelo’s group dance
“Quebradas” (“Broken”) tries for
more drama. Sounding a favorite
theme of women being neglected
by men, the piece gets too literal,
but it has a nice shape, some re-
markable side-by-side footwork
for Ms. Barrio and Alejandro
Granados, and a resonant end-
ing, with the women gently slap-
ping their thighs. 
Mr. Granados is burly and
rough-edged. During his solo
turn, he lifts his legs high, not
gracefully, and when he puts a
foot down, he really puts it down.
That makes himvivid and force-
ful, but Mr. Granados is also con-
sistently eccentric. On Wednes-
day he treated his jacket as if it
were a dangerous animal.
Juan Ogalla, the other male so-
loist, is an aging rogue with an
appealing smirk. He’s fond of
slowly raising his arms overhead
and of whipping his head around.
The unaccompanied cadenza of
his “Alegrías” is the program’s
high point of flamenco technique,
his rapid feet tickling the stage in
many places. 
The artistic peaks of any
Noche Flamenca show involve
Ms. Barrio. At the start of her
“Mansa Lluvia” (“The Gentle
Rain”), she poses,as if resting
against a window on a rainy day.
The mood reveals how soft she
can be, how light and quick. 
But her smile is pinched.
Through that mouth, sweetness
comes out tart. It’s up to three of
the company’s other women (Sol
La Argentinita,Juana La Chispa
and Marina Elana) to finish the
number with feminine charms
and flirtation.
As usual, Ms. Barrio’s final
solo is the main event. It’s called
“Soledad” (as it was last year),
playing on the meaning of her
first name (“solitude” or “loneli-
ness”) by isolating her in a circle
of light. Her wrists circle, her tor-
so circles, she traces tightening
circles on the ground. The male
singers and guitarists surround
her, and she addresses each one. 
Like a bird of prey, she drifts
and then dives, though it’s hard
to say whether she’s going deep-
er with each pass or higher.
When she reaches out with a ges-
ture that says, “I caught it,” what
she seizes is inside you. 
DANCE
REVIEW 
BRIAN
SEIBERT 
A Burly Eccentric, an Aging Rogue
And a Star Swooping In for the Kill
Noche Flamenca continues
through Sept. 30 at the Joyce
Theater, 175 Eighth Avenue, at
19th Street, Chelsea; (212) 242-
0800, joyce.org.
A flamenco show
with fierceness and
flirtatiousness. 
ANDREA MOHIN/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Noche Flamenca
Soledad Barrio, the star of the troupe, which is at the Joyce Theater for two weeks.
More images of Tatzu Nishi’s
“Discovering Columbus”:
nytimes.com/arts
ONLINE:SLIDE SHOW
Tête-à-Tête:
Visiting
Columbus
At Home
From First Arts Page
“Discovering Columbus,” at Co-
lumbus Circle, is on view through
Nov. 18. Free timed tickets are
available at publicartfund.org.
An esteemed resident
finally gets couches
and a big-screen TV.
C6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
The decrepit structure that
gives the risible “House at the
End of the Street” its title is a
gloomy,seemingly unoccupied
home that has remained vacant
since a mommy and a
daddy were murdered
there by their daugh-
ter,who was suppos-
edly brain-damaged in
an accident. 
Its bad vibes have
lowered local real estate prices,
allowing the newly divorced Sar-
ah (Elisabeth Shue) and her
baby-faced 17-year-old,Elissa
(Jennifer Lawrence),to move
nearby in the woodsy suburban
neighborhood. 
One night a light flashes in a
window of this chamber of hor-
rors. Sarah learns that Ryan
(Max Thieriot),the reclusive
brother of the murderer, who was
presumed drowned,is still living
there. 
Before long this polite, sad-
eyed boy picks up Elissa in his
car during a sudden rainstorm
and delivers her home safely. A
tentative romance develops be-
tween them, even though the
watchful Sarah, a former high
school wild girl and neglectful
parent, forbids them to be alone
together. 
At a certain point this would-be
shocker suddenly jerks into high
gear and becomes a blatant, in-
competent rip-off of “Psycho.”
The film’s director,Mark Tonde-
rai (“Hush”),and screenwriter,
David Loucka (“Dream House”),
working from a story by Jona-
than Mostow (“Surrogates”),
have concocted an unwieldy hy-
brid of that Hitchcock classic and
standard teenage horror films. 
The baddies include a clique of
spoiled boys who torment the
outcast Ryan until he lashes
back. The main goody is a friend-
ly local policeman who has eyes
for Sarah and is a sitting duck
once he enters this stand-in for
the Bates Motel,toting a defec-
tive flashlight.
Once the action kicks in,
“House at the End of the Street”
turns into a choppily edited, poor-
ly timed mess with little continu-
ity, overloaded with aural shocks
in a desperate attempt to com-
pensate for its minimal suspense. 
The movie was completed be-
fore “Winter’s Bone,” the film
that put Ms. Lawrence on the
map. 
“House at the End of the
Street” is rated PG-13 (Parents
strongly cautioned). Violence, sex-
ual situations and strong lan-
guage.
Cloaked in the Horror of a Double Murder
House at the End of the Street
Opened on Friday nationwide. 
Directed by Mark Tonderai; written by
David Loucka, based on a story by Jona-
than Mostow; director of photography,
MiroslawBaszak; edited by Steven Mir-
kovich and Karen Porter; music by Theo
Green; production design by Lisa Soper;
costumes by Jennifer Stroud; produced
by Aaron Ryder, Peter Block and Hal Lie-
berman; released by Relativity Media.
Running time: 1 hour 41 minutes. 
WITH: Jennifer Lawrence (Elissa), Max
Thieriot (Ryan),Gil Bellows (Weaver)
and Elisabeth Shue (Sarah). 
STEPHEN
HOLDEN 
FILM
REVIEW 
or better to transform the most
rudimentary virtual farming ac-
tivities into manic endeavors to
get your grass greener. Falling
for this stuff means falling for the
very manipulations of anxiety
and shame that are easy to criti-
cize when they’re not happening
to you.When you’re invested in
themas a player, however,
they’re a thrill.
Facebook games like Farm-
Ville 2 retain the stench of a casi-
no. But where the first game’s
water. Then a timer reveals the
number of minutes, hours or,
eventually, days it will take for
that crop to grow into a lucrative
harvest. Seeds cost virtual
money, as do animals that can be
fed to produce eggs, wool, milk
and other goods that can be sold
back for more virtual money. 
As players manage this cycle,
they accrue experience points,
which gradually earn them the
equivalent of a promotion. That
gives them access to more exotic
crops and animals and some new
goals, to plant five of this thing or
sell four of that. In this new game
players can also combine produce
to cook pies and other valuable
goods, which can be sold for virtu-
al money that can be reinvested.
On and on it goes. 
Sessions with the game are
brief. After about 10 minutes of
tinkering, a player will have used
all the water and will have to wait
for more to well up, drop by drop.
Of course, you can always ask
friends for more water or pay for
it. 
The smart player rations water,
plants the most profitable crops
and plans the harvests to produce
the ingredients that will combine
into the most profitable recipes.
The masterly math of the new
game rewards the patient player
who figures out the timing trick
that causes every patch of land
and every tree in the orchard to
sprout its bounty simultaneously.
This is a game, though it could be
mistaken for an advanced class in
plate-spinning or the manage-
ment of a factory of robots.
On a FarmVille farm each ef-
fort receives a reward. Click on a
chicken, and it will drop an egg.
This has an advantage over real
life, but only to those who don’t
value the serendipity of a surpris-
ing success or defeat. There are
no flash floods that obliterate the
harvest in FarmVille 2, no engi-
neering breakthroughs that
produce a better tractor. Farmers
here need not worry about the
cancellation of government subsi-
dies.
The true game, however, isn’t
really the farming. The farming is
the delivery system for two more
interesting meta-games. 
The first pits players against
the people who made it. This os-
tensibly free game is perpetually
cajoling players to pay real
money to speed their progress.
For a few dollars a player can ac-
celerate the growth of crops or
buy the next sheep or barn or
decorative garden gnome.
This puts players at odds with
the game’s creators, which isn’t
unusual for, say, a player of Super
Mario Bros. or Call of Duty,who
might curse the designers for
putting a treacherous pit or a vex-
ing enemy in their path. 
But with FarmVille 2, the ene-
my creator is more like a customs
agent who speeds things along if
slipped a few bucks. You don’t
pay money to FarmVille 2 for the
privilege of playing, as you would
with a $60 PlayStation game. You
are also not taxed a quarter at a
time for not being skilled enough,
in the manner of old arcade
games.No, you pay to make life
easier. Avoiding that, improving
your farm without paying, feels
like delicious defiance.
The second of FarmVille 2’s
captivating contests is the battle
with friends. Played alone, Farm-
Ville 2 will become a bore, but the
series’s maligned interweaving
of Facebook friends produces
prime opportunity for peacock-
ing and lawn comparing. Each
screen shot that a taunting friend
sends of a sunflower-filled mas-
ter pasture stings. It takes one
glance at the work of friends who
have played FarmVille 2 longer
systems were too shallow, the
new one’s are just deep enough to
convey the feeling that smarts
can move a player forward as ef-
fectively as the passage of time.
That this game is constantly pes-
tering for payment is all the more
welcome. Every good system in-
vites rebellion. Just try to have
fun without paying a cent, the
game seemingly whispers. Chal-
lenge answered.
This is a game that is as enjoy-
able to play as it is to defy.
ZYNGA
FarmVille 2 allows players to log in free, most likely through Facebook, to begin tilling a plot of land and acquiring livestock.
Growing Cash Crops,
Emphasis on the Cash
Stephen Totilo is the editor in chief
of the gaming Web site kotaku
.com. 
From First Arts Page
Need some help with
your farm? Ask a pal
or open your wallet.
“The building is still there. It still
has its history. That ambience
hasn’t gone away at all.” 
The stoop’s top step is at the
same level as the lobby, Mr. Eus-
tis said, so “there is not a firm
boundary,” and the theater feels
more “permeable.” (James S.
Polshek, whose firm, Ennead Ar-
chitects,designed the renovation,
calls the entry staircase the Pub-
lic’s “seventh stage”; the steps
used to be inside.) And the new
mezzanine “increases the sense
of community,” Mr. Eustis said,
as looking down on people mill-
ing about is “part of the social act
of going to the theater.”
The Public has raised 95 per-
cent of the money for the project,
Mr. Eustis said, which has taken
four years. New York City donat-
ed $28.5 million. 
The architects rejuvenated the
Public’s facade, a New York City
landmark. They repaired the rus-
ticated brownstone, replaced
damaged bricks, reconstructed
parapets and added contempo-
rary elements, like a glass cano-
py, sidewalk lighting and street-
level poster boxes. 
The process wasn’t always
smooth. Some neighborhood resi-
dents opposed the Public’s plans
to alter the sidewalk — it was
widened to accommodate the
new stoop — because they feared
it would inhibit car and foot traf-
fic. The design required approval
by the city’s Transportation De-
partment and the local communi-
ty board.
Inside, enlarged archways and
clearly marked side stairs guide
patrons up to the theaters. Ste-
phen Chu, the associate designer
on the project, said the size of the
lobby had increased by 70 per-
cent.
That includes the Library, de-
signed by Rockwell Group,which
features hand-scraped walnut ta-
bles and industrial steel-frame
bookcases — all with a vintage
look meant to recall the build-
ing’s original use as the Astor Li-
brary. The Library Lounge, with
free Wi-Fi service, will supple-
ment Joe’s Pub, the theater’s cab-
aret space, which is now entered
through the lobby instead of from
a side alley. 
As if to set a tone of lightheart-
ed creativity, a kaleidoscopic
chandelier — a multimedia sculp-
ture by Ben Rubin and Mark
Hansen — hangs above the new
cylindrical Lobby Bar.Called
“Shakespeare Machine,”     the
piece features 37 LED display
screens flashing fragments of
speech from Shakespeare’s plays
that continuously form new visu-
al combinations. It was commis-
sioned by the Cultural Affairs De-
partment as part of the city’s Per-
cent for Art initiative. (Another
piece by Mr. Rubin and Mr. Han-
sen is in the lobby of The New
York Times Building.) 
The Public’s sculpture will be
introduced with an evening of
Shakespeare renditions as part of
the theater’s opening events.
Those eight weeks of activities,
many of them free, include a re-
dedication ceremony on Oct. 4
and a block party and open house
on Oct. 13.
Come for the Drinks, Stay for the Drama, at the Public
From First Arts Page
IAN WILLMS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The architects James S.
Polshek, foreground, and
Stephen Chu overlooking the
Public Theater’s renovations. 
Renovating a theater
to make it a
round-the-clock
destination.
N
C7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
traordinarily long and rich Balan-
chine-Stravinsky partnership. 
“Bal de Couture,” the world
premiere by Mr. Martins himself,
is to Tchaikovsky music and will
join the repertory on Jan. 24 as
part of the winter season’s
Tschaikovsky Celebration. And
the first three short dances, two
by Mr. Martins and one by Chris-
topher Wheeldon, are to Ameri-
can music, anticipating the Amer-
ican music theme that will per-
vade the April to June repertory.
One of Mr. Martins’s chief di-
rectorial devices is to add a gim-
mick to both galas and seasons.
The 1972 vodka toast by Balan-
chine and Lincoln Kirstein to the
dead Stravinsky;the connection
of dance and architecture;the
company’s treasuries of ballets
by Balanchine and Robbins:
these and others have become
ploys over the years.I don’t mind
gimmicks: Balanchine took up
jewels as a gimmick and turned
them into “Jewels,” the three-part
plotless ballet triptych (with “Ru-
bies” as its centerpiece) that now
enriches repertories across the
world.
But the women’s attire for “Bal
de Couture” was mainly wretch-
ed, in theatrical terms. Six of the
women wore black-and-white
gowns, against which ribboned
point shoes of either shocking
pink or vermilion made feet and
ankles look bizarrely bright and
huge; three other women wore
puffball tutus (one black, one
white, one scarlet) that seemed
keener to disguise than to exhibit
their figures. 
And the coiffures, each individ-
ual, were almost all grotesque,
with vast,isolated curls and
quiffs. Some women wore scarlet
petticoats,but when ballet leg-
work opened themup to view,
they lost the fun that they would
have had when glimpsed in more
ordinary social dancing. 
These were anti-ballet designs,
but you can forgive Valentino:
he’s inexperienced in ballet.The
men, in modern black suits with
ties and white shirts,looked en-
tirely elegant —they belonged to
a far less deranged world than the
women. 
To forgive Mr. Martins for —
once again — squandering his
dancers, though, is harder. “Bal
de Couture” featured no fewer
than 10 of the company’s female
principals, and 9 of the company’s
male principals,with the rising
soloist Chase Finlay.Yet almost
all its roles, largely danced to po-
lonaise and waltz music from
Tchaikovsky’s opera “Eugene
Onegin,” could have been danced
equally effectively by members of
the corps de ballet. 
As my companion remarked,
the motto seemed to be “We
wouldn’t dream of distorting your
creations by actually dancing in
them, Mr. Valentino!” This isn’t
the literal truth,but it’s how it felt,
because the choreography was
more interested in showing off
the costumes than the dancers. 
The exception was an interlude
of romantic nonsense for that
charming wraith, Janie Taylor,
dressed in long-sleeved pink. To
Tchaikovsky’s Elegy in G for
strings, she danced wistfully with
the jacketless and tieless Sébas-
tien Marcovici, from whom she
strayed into two little bouts of ap-
pealingly decorous adultery with
Robert Fairchild,who retained
his tie and jacket. Do tie and jack-
et make a male partner more se-
ductive? The question is the only
interesting one to arise from “Bal
de Couture.”
The evening began in sub-
Astaire mode with two works by
Mr. Martins from the 1988 Ameri-
can Music Festival that I had nei-
ther expected nor hoped to see
again. Maria Kowroski, in a one-
shoulder full-length red gown —
Valentino’s finest costume of the
evening — her hair flowing,
danced to Duke Ellington with
Charles Askegard (returning to
City Ballet as a guest after retir-
ing last year) and 16 other men;
her glamorous but inconsequen-
tial role was created for Suzanne
Farrell, Mr. Askegard’s for Mr.
Martins himself. 
“Not My Girl,” danced by Mr.
Fairchild and Tiler Peck, began
with a tap solo for Mr. Fairchild
(in a maroon suit with tails) that
was the evening’s freshest dance
moment. What’s of interest is that
the music is a song not only re-
corded but also composed by
Fred Astaire,but even Ms. Peck’s
skill cannot keep this relentlessly
perky duet from outstaying its
welcome. 
Although the pas de deux “This
Bitter Earth,” to Max Richter’s re-
mix of Dinah Washington’s fa-
mous recording of the 1960 Clyde
Otis song, demonstrated the fond-
ness of its choreographer, Mr.
Wheeldon, for extensive over-
partnering, it also abounds in the
felicities of phrasing and image
that give his work distinction.
Wendy Whelan and Tyler Angle,
in subdued Valentino, danced
with eloquence. 
The redistribution of the three
lead roles of “Rubies” among
eight dancers predictably dimin-
ished the ballet’s cumulative im-
pact. Still,this was a gala, and
seven of the eight dancers were
making their debuts in these
roles. (The eighth, the greatly im-
proved Savannah Lowery,
brought all her glee and attack to
the role of the second female solo-
ist in the first movement.) 
Apart from the irksomely glib
Erica Pereira, all did fairly well.
While neither the lustrous Lauren
Lovette nor the earnestly precise
Anthony Huxley, dancing the sec-
ond movement together, persuad-
ed me that this was their ballet,
their general gifts for Balanchine
dancing are never in question.
Ms. Lovette’s pronounced indi-
viduality was the evening’s hap-
piest omen for the future. 
The really important component
of the opera turns out to be the
music, the part that has always
been with us, preserved on those
recordings. The other, more eva-
nescent elements — the eternally
open horizons of Mr. Wilson’s
blue-lighted backdrops; his
twitchy movement vocabulary;
Ms. Childs’s swirling dances —
feel, in the final estimation, daz-
zling yet dispensable.
There is nothing dispensable
about the sound world of “Ein-
stein.” That opening, for one
thing. Like Wagner’s “Ring” cy-
cle, Mr. Glass’s score begins with
a deep drone, descending
through three subterranean
pitches. Voices — first a spoken
solo, then a singing choir —
crisply recite numbers. Then an-
other group of singers comes in,
echoing the initial low, elegiac
melody in solfège syllables: “la,
sol, do.” 
Last week at the Brooklyn
Academy the drone was more
like a rumble; the voices were
clear and piercing. It was aston-
ishing: the difference between
the live experience and listening
on my laptop was like the differ-
ence between hearing the begin-
ning of the “Ring” on records and
hearing it in the theater, where
its long, low E flat is less sound
than texture, less audible than
felt as a fine vibration.
There was also the visual com-
ponent that I had always imag-
ined but never thought I would
see in person: the choir singing
with eerie yet charming smiles
from the pit,and the two female
soloists illuminated in a down-
stage corner, sitting at desks and
staring forward as they made
strange, focused motions with
their hands, scribbling with in-
visible pencils.
The sequence makes an im-
pact. But even after seeing two
performances of the opera in
close succession (having re-
turned on Sunday), I missed
what I had so long been prepared
for, what an opera more than four
hours long ideally provides: a
sense of accumulated power. In
1985 Jonathan Lieberson wrote in
The New York Review of Books
that “one is constantly struck by
the impression that Wilson does
not really know what to do with
his images once he has presented
them.” 
It is true that the visual compo-
nent of “Einstein,” which regu-
larly astounds at the outset, rare-
ly deepens with time. Extended
scenes tend to explode with a
live-wire burst of Mr. Glass’s mu-
sic, then dissipate; not one ends
with more intensity than when it
began. I responded to certain
moments, like the slow rotation
of a bar of light from horizontal to
vertical near the end of the
opera, with indifference, as if I
were checking off a box.
I found myself, as I never have
when listening to a recording of
the work, growing bored. A few
times I closed my eyes and just
listened, and the show immedi-
ately turned stranger and more
riveting.
Why is the music of “Einstein”
moving and satisfying in a way
that the full production is not? It
may be that profound sense of
strangeness in Mr. Glass’s score,
which upends most of the expec-
tations of Western drama and
embraces Eastern values of repe-
tition, meditation, drone.
Mr. Wilson’s design and direc-
tion, on the other hand, refer to
popular-culture genres like
vaudeville and musical theater at
the same time that they reject the
dramatic arcs and persuasive
characterizations that give those
genres meaning. Trying to have it
both ways, he makes beautiful
pictures but not compelling thea-
ter.
That “Einstein,” 36 years after
its premiere, remains “one of the
season’s crucial events,” as I
wrote recently in The New York
Times, owes less to what it is,
flaws and all, than to what it rep-
resents: the glamour of a place
and time, downtown New York in
the ’70s.
The fascination with the opera
has always been connected to its
elusiveness, and particularly its
absence during the last 20 years,
while Mr. Wilson’s and, especial-
ly, Mr. Glass’s fame has in-
creased exponentially. For some-
one like me, who knew only its
music and its mystique, the idea
of returning to a work that de-
fined a period of groundbreaking
collaboration and ceaseless ex-
perimentation was irresistible.
I should have known better,
but others,too,have been drawn
to classic stagings as a way to re-
capture the past. This “Einstein,”
which arrived on waves of hype
and praise, is not the only recent
revival of a renowned, long-ago
production that has been ac-
claimed so loudly in New York,
even heralded as the most impor-
tant event of the season. Similar
treatment was accorded to the
Brooklyn Academy revival of Les
Arts Florissants’ 1987 production
of Lully’s opera “Atys” last year
and to this year’s Mike Nichols
Broadway version of Arthur Mill-
er’s “Death of a Salesman,” faith-
fully modeled on Elia Kazan’s
1949 original. 
Great works transcend time,
but even the best stagings are
products of their moment. It is
worth thinking about the central-
ity we have given these exhuma-
tions of classic productions in our
cultural life, why we so value the
seductive illusion of authenticity
they offer.
With “Einstein,” the fantasy is
the return to that bohemian,
avant-garde New York, so full of
excitement and possibility. Both
those who were there and those
of us who were not want badly,
for our different reasons, to con-
jure an event, a moment, even an
entire city that now exists only as
a memory. It is Mr. Glass’s music
that is more than that, and it re-
mains as close as your computer.
36 Years Later, ‘Einstein on the Beach’ Is More Haunting Heard Than Seen
From First Arts Page
SARA KRULWICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES
“Einstein on the Beach” in the revival of the 1976 production at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. 
“Einstein on the Beach” runs
through Sunday at the Howard
Gilman Opera House, Brooklyn
Academy of Music, 30 Lafayette
Avenue, at Ashland Place, Fort
Greene; (718) 636-4100, bam.org.
More images from the New
York City Ballet gala:
nytimes.com/arts
ONLINE:SLIDE SHOW 
PHOTOGRAPHS BY ANDREA MOHIN/THE NEW YORK TIME
More Valentino costumes: Left, Tiler Peck and Robert Fairchild in “Not My Girl,” and Wendy Whelan and Tyler Angle in “This Bitter Earth,” at New York City Ballet’s fall gala at Lincoln Center.
All in the Name of Fashion: Valentino Gowns at City Ballet’s Fall Gala
Maria Kowroski and Charles Askegard performing in “Sophisticated Lady.”
From First Arts Page
Couture is the
gimmick du jour.
New York City Ballet’s season
continues through Oct. 14 at the
David H. Koch Theater, Lincoln
Center; (212) 496-0600, nycballet.
com.
C8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Television highlights for a full week, recent
reviews by The Times’s critics and complete
local television listings.
nytimes.com/tv
ONLINE:TELEVISION LISTINGS
Definitions of symbols used in the program listings:
★Recommended film            (N) New show or episode
✩Recommended series                 (CC) Closed-captioned 
●
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(HD) High definition 
Ratings:
(Y)All children                              (PG) Parental guidance suggested
(Y7) Directed to older children     (14) Parents strongly cautioned
(G) General audience                     (MA) Mature audience only
The TV ratings are assigned by the producers or network. Rat-
ings for theatrical films are provided by the Motion Picture As-
sociation of America. 
EVENI NG
7:00                   7:30                   8:00                   8:30                   9:00                   9:30                  10:00                 10:30                 11:00                 11:30                 12:00
2
 WCBS
Entertainment Tonight (N) (CC) 
(HD)
> 
CSI “Split Decisions.” The team 
investigates a casino shooting. (CC) 
(HD) (14)
Criminal Minds “Snake Eyes.” 
Ritualistic murders in New Jersey. 
(CC) (HD) (14)
48 Hours Mystery “Fatal Episode, 
the Producer’s Story.” A former TV 
producer accused of murder. (N)
NEWS (N) (CC) 
(HD)
Jets Huddle 
(11:35)
> 
CSI: Miami 
“Bombshell.” (CC) 
(HD) (12:05)
4
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LX.TV 1stLook 
Lifestyle trends. 
(CC) (G)
College Football Michigan vs. Notre Dame. (CC) (HD)                                                  NEWS David 
Ushery. (N) (CC) 
(HD)
Saturday Night Live Joseph 
Gordon-Levitt; Mumford & Sons. (N) 
(CC) (HD) (14) (11:29)
5
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Fox College 
Saturday (CC) 
(HD)
College Football Kansas State vs. Oklahoma. (CC) (HD)                                                  NEWS Christina Park. (N) (CC)       Fringe “Letters 
of Transit.” (CC) 
(HD) (14)
7
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NEWS Sandra 
Bookman, Joe 
Torres. (N) (HD)
Wheel of For-
tune “America’s 
Game.” (HD) (G)
College Football Clemson vs. Florida State. (CC) (HD)                                                  NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe 
Torres. (N) (CC) (HD)
9
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Are We There 
Yet? (HD) (PG)
Are We There 
Yet? (HD) (PG)
Bones “The Blonde in the Game.” 
Matching wits with a serial killer. (HD)
Bones “The Doctor in the Photo.” A 
brilliant surgeon is found dead. (HD)
> 
Law & Order “Bitter Fruit.” Victim’s 
mother kills suspect. (HD) (14)
Giants Access 
Blue (CC)
> 
Everybody 
Loves Raymond
That ’70s Show 
(CC) (14)
11
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Two and a Half 
Men (CC) (HD)
Two and a Half 
Men (CC) (HD)
The First Family 
(N) (CC)
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(N) (CC)
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NEWS (N) (CC) (HD)                      Family Guy (CC) 
(HD) (14)
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13
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American Graduate Day Initiative 
helps students stay focused. (CC)
Keeping Up Ap-
pearances (CC)
As Time Goes 
By (CC) (PG)
. 
To Sir, With Love (1967). Sidney Poitier, Lulu. West Indian teacher vs. 
unruly London students. Smoothly engaging.
. 
The Damned United (2009). Michael Sheen, 
Timothy Spall. (R) (10:50)
21
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The Ed Sullivan Comedy Special
> 
American Masters Musicians play the Troubadour. (CC) (PG)            Rock, Pop and Doo Wop (My Music) (G)                                      Blood Sugar
25
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NEWS              European Jrnl    Travels to Edge  Rudy Maxa         Lidia’s Italy     Winemakers       Secrets                $9.99                 Private Sessions “Blues Traveler.”  Video Music
31
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Fat Albert (2004). Kenan Thompson. (PG) (6:30)        Couples Retreat (2009). Midwestern couples descend on island resort. Comedy of exhaustion.Psych “True Grits.” (CC) (PG)         Psych (CC) (PG)
41
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La Familia P. Luche (CC) (HD)      Sábado Gigante Vladimir Dotel, Elvis Crespo. (N) (En Vivo) (CC) (HD)                                                 Noticias 41        Noticiero          Desmadrugados
47
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The Karate Kid (2010). Jaden Smith, Jackie Chan. (PG) (CC) (HD)                                                  Yo Me Llamo: Camino a la Fama  Noticias              Titulares Tele.12 Corazones
48
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Food for the Poor                        Paid programming
49
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Viewers’ Choice Saturday Night Performances                                                  Viewers’ Choice
50
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Superstars of Seventies Soul Live (My Music) (6)         ’60s Pop, Rock & Soul (My Music) (CC) (G)              To be announced The Ed Sullivan Comedy Special Comedy legends. (CC) (PG)
55
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Toni On              Inside Edition     Sorority Boys (2002). Dreadful frat-house cross-dressing comedy. (R)     Judge Judy (HD) Judge Judy (HD) America’s Court America’s Court Toni On
63
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Paid programming                      Blogumentary    CGN World         The King of Legend (PG)              Paid programming                        Sinovision (In Chinese) (PG)          Paid programming
68
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Choques Ext.Fútbol Central    Fútbol de la Liga Mexicana                                                  Pánico en el Aire (2000). James Russo, Ice-T. (R) (CC)                       Sólo Boxeo
PREMI UM CABLE
ENC
Phenomenon (1996). John Travolta, 
Kyra Sedgwick. (PG) (CC) (5:50)
Shogun Toronaga becomes shogun. (CC) (ESP Part 
6 of 6) (14)
. 
Batman Returns (1992). Michael Keaton, Danny DeVito. Penguin and Catwoman show up 
for the sequel. Sleeker, brighter eyeful, but with weak, drawn-out finale. (PG-13) (CC) (9:40)
Nightmare on 
Elm Street 3
FLIX
Cop and a Half (1993). Burt Reynolds. 
(PG) (6:25)
. 
Scream (1996). Neve Campbell, David Arquette. Psycho killer sets sights 
on past victim’s daughter. Witty movie-wise horror, via Craven. (R) (CC)
Maniac Cop 2 (1990). Robert Davi, Claudia Christian. 
Manhunt for killer of strippers. (R) (CC)
. 
Citizen Ruth (1996). Laura Dern, 
Swoosie Kurtz. (R) (CC)
HBO
The Dilemma (2011). Vince Vaughn, 
Kevin James. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6)
●
 A Thousand Words (2012). Every word shortens 
talkative agent’s life. High concept, low reward. (HD)
Boxing Julio Cesar Chavez Jr. vs. 
Sergio Gabriel Martinez. (HD)
Fight Game With 
Jim Lampley
Boardwalk Empire “Resolution.” 
(CC) (HD) (MA) (11:10)
A Thousand 
Words (2012). (HD)
HBO2
Another Earth (2011). Brit Marling. 
(PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:25)
Green Lantern (2011). Ryan Reynolds, Blake Lively. Test pilot joins inter-
galactic corps of heroes. Dim bulb. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Newsroom “The 112th Congress.” 
(CC) (HD) (MA)
True Blood “Authority Always 
Wins.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
Real Time With 
Bill Maher (HD)
MAX
Man on Fire (2004). Bodyguard takes revenge on his spunky charge’s 
kidnappers. Garish and heavy-handed. (R) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Strike Back The Section 20 crib is 
raided. (CC) (HD) (MA)
Final Destination 5 (2011). Death tracks down bridge-
collapse survivors. Skip the trip. (R) (CC) (HD)
Strike Back The Section 20 crib is 
raided. (CC) (HD) (MA)
SHO
. 
Chasing Amy (1997). Ben Affleck, 
Joey Lauren Adams. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
The Twilight Saga: New Moon (2009). Kristen Stewart. Bella meets the 
werewolves. Juiceless and nearly bloodless. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2010). Bella must choose between vamp and 
wolf. More entertaining than its predecessors. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (10:15)
Weeds (CC) (HD) 
(MA) (12:15)
SHO2
. 
The Big Lebowski (1998). Jeff 
Bridges. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
Real Steel (2011). Hugh Jackman, Evangeline Lilly. Promoter’s son 
bonds with robot boxer. Well-tooled entertainment. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
. 
Melancholia (2011). Kirsten Dunst, Charlotte Gainsbourg. Sisters face world’s end in 
different ways. Tender is the apocalypse. (R) (10:10)
STARZ
Jumping the Broom (2011). Angela Bassett, Paula Patton. Families 
clash at Martha’s Vineyard wedding. Too smooth. (PG-13) (CC)
Underworld: Awakening (2012). Kate Beckinsale, 
Stephen Rea. (R) (CC)
The Other Guys (2010). Will Ferrell, Mark Wahlberg. Desk-bound detec-
tives get real case. Good nutty spoof, bad cop movie. (PG-13) (CC)
TMC
The Switch (2010). Jennifer Aniston, Jason Bateman. Wrong sperm gets 
in the baster. Scatterbrained. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (7:15)
Doppelganger (1993). L.A. writer learns new lover-
roommate is fleeing her ghostly double. (R) (CC) (HD)
Sisters (2006). Lou Doillon, Stephen Rea. Reporter investigates sinister 
activities of Siamese twins. (R) (CC) (HD) (10:45)
CABLE
7:00                   7:30                   8:00                   8:30                   9:00                   9:30                  10:00                 10:30                 11:00                 11:30                 12:00
A&E
Storage Wars 
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Storage Wars 
(CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars 
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Storage Wars 
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Parking Wars 
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Parking Wars 
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Parking Wars 
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Parking Wars 
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Storage Wars 
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ABCFAM
. 
Ratatouille (2007). Animated. French rat longs to become a chef. Flawless soufflé. (G) (HD)
. 
Ratatouille (2007). Animated. French rat longs to become a chef. Flawless soufflé. (G) (HD) The Mask (HD)
AMC
Into the West “Dreams and 
Schemes.” (HD) (Part 3 of 6) (14) (6)
. 
Shanghai Noon (2000). Jackie Chan, Owen Wilson. Rescuing Chinese princess in Old 
West. Slapstick kung fu horse opera, and effervescently funny. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993). Cary Elwes, Richard Lewis. Mel Brooks 
skewers past Robins. Typically funny to brashly awful. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
APL
Tanked: Unfiltered (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked (CC) (HD) (PG)                  Tanked (N) (HD) (PG)                     Tanked “Love Is an Illusion.” (HD)    Tanked “On the Road Again.” (HD)  Tanked (HD) (PG)
BBCA
Star Trek: The Next Generation    Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG)         Doctor Who (N) (CC) (HD) (PG)     Copper “La Tempete.” (HD) (9:57)   Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG)          Doctor Who (HD)
BET
Roll Bounce (2005). Bow Wow, Chi McBride. (PG-13) 
(CC) (6)
Hurricane Season (2009). Forest Whitaker, Taraji P. Henson. Coach forms basketball team 
after Katrina. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Key & Peele 
(HD) (14)
Key & Peele 
(HD) (14)
Key & Peele 
(HD) (14)
BIO
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD)    uneXplained       uneXplained       uneXplained       uneXplained     Ghost Stories
BLOOM
> 
Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD)       Ryan’s Russia   Bloomberg Rsk  Sportfolio (HD)   Bloomberg
> 
Charlie Rose (CC) (HD)          Money Moves     Political Capital  Political Capital
BRV
Don’t Be Tardy for the Wedding 
“We Fly Above.”
The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
“Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained.”
The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
“Surprisingly Rich.” (14)
The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
“Shower the Baby, Muzzle the Boy.”
The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
“Jewels Be Dangled.” (14)
The Real House-
wives of Atlanta
CBSSN
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CMT
Reba (CC) (HD)  Reba (CC) (HD)  Reba (CC) (HD)  Reba (CC) (HD)  Bayou Billion     Bayou Billion     Redneck Rehab (N) (CC) (HD)      Bayou Billion     Bayou Billion     Redneck Rehab
CN
Planet 51 (2009). Voices of Dwayne Johnson, Jessica Biel. (PG)           Home Movies    King of the Hill   King of the Hill   Family Guy (14)  Black Dynamite  The Boondocks  Bleach (N) (14)
CNBC
Money in Motion 
Currency
How I Made My 
Millions
Ultimate Factories “John Deere.” 
Deere & Co. in Moline, Ill. (G)
The Suze Orman Show “What 
Drives Me Crazy!” (N) (CC)
Til Debt Do Us 
Part (CC)
Til Debt Do Us 
Part (CC)
Ultimate Factories “IKEA.” (G)        The Suze Orman 
Show (CC)
CNN
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD)             Cruise to Disaster (HD)                Piers Morgan Tonight (HD)          CNN Newsroom (N) (HD)             Cruise to Disaster (HD)                Piers Morgan 
Tonight (HD)
COM
Welcome Home Roscoe Jenkins 
(2008). (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:48)
Kevin Hart: Laugh at My Pain The 
comic discusses his life. (HD) (7:56)
Katt Williams: It’s Pimpin’ Pimpin’ 
(CC) (HD) (MA)
Chris Rock: Bigger & Blacker The comic performs at 
the Apollo. (CC) (MA) (10:04)
Katt Williams: The Pimp Chroni-
cles Pt. 1 (CC) (HD) (MA) (11:40)
COOK
Food(ography)   Food(ography)   Not My Mama    Not My Mama    Not My Mama    Not My Mama    Bitchin’ Kitchen Bitchin’ Kitchen Dinner Imposs.Unique Eats (HD) Not My Mama
CSPAN
News and Public Affairs             Bob Woodward (N)                    U.S.-Myanmar (Burma) Relations  News of the Day & Politics (10:10) Bob Woodward                         U.S.-Myanmar
CSPAN2
Book TV (N)                             Book TV “Occupy the Economy.” (N) (8:15)                                     Book TV: After Words (N)            Book TV (N)                             Book TV
CUNY
Eldridge & Co.City Talk           CityWide            Theater Talk (G)
. 
The Story of Adele H (1975). Isabelle Adjani. (PG)                             TimesTalks (11:05)                     Real
DIS
Shake It Up! 
(CC) (HD) (G)
Shake It Up! 
(CC) (HD) (G)
Good Luck 
Charlie (HD) (G)
A.N.T. Farm (CC) 
(HD) (G)
Gravity Falls 
(CC) (HD) (Y7)
My Babysitter’s 
a Vampire (HD)
Gravity Falls 
(CC) (HD)
Jessie (CC) (HD) 
(G)
Code 9 “Serenity 
Yoga.” (CC) (G)
Austin & Ally 
(CC) (HD) (G)
Austin & Ally 
(CC) (HD) (G)
DIY
That’s So 80’s   Ways to Save    Holmes on Homes (HD) (G)         Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.That’s So 80’s    That’s So 80’s    Renov. Real.
DSC
Bering Sea Gold: Under the Ice 
“Smoke Under Ice.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Bering Sea Gold: Under the Ice 
“All for Naught.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Bering Sea Gold: Under the Ice 
“Fractures on the Mend.” (CC) (HD)
Bering Sea Gold: Under the Ice 
“Leads to an End.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Bering Sea Gold: Under the Ice 
“Fractures on the Mend.” (CC) (HD)
Bering Sea 
Gold: Under
E!
E! News (HD)                              She’s Out of My League (2010). Jay Baruchel, Alice Eve. (R) (HD)        Keeping Up With the Kardashians Fashion Police (HD) (14)                The Soup (14)
ENCFAM
. 
Holes (2003). Sigourney Weaver, Jon Voight. (PG) (CC)                McHale’s Navy (1997). Tom Arnold, Tim Curry. (PG) (CC)                    Caddyshack II (1988). Jackie Mason. (PG) (CC) (10:50)
ESPN
College Football L.S.U. vs. Auburn. (HD)                                                  College Football College Football Arizona vs. Oregon. (HD)
ESPN2
College Football College Football Vanderbilt vs. Georgia. (HD) (7:45)                                                  SportsCenter (CC) (HD) (10:45)                              SportsCenter
ESPNCL
A.K.A. Cassius Clay (1970). (6:30) The Real Rocky (CC)                       26 Yrs.: Dewey Bozella                  The Real Rocky (CC)                       26 Yrs.: Dewey Bozella                  The Real Rocky
FOOD
Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive     Diners, Drive       Iron Chef America (HD)               Diners, Drive
FOXMOV
27 Dresses (2008). Perennial bridesmaid has the frocks 
to prove it. Gowns trump the comedy. (PG-13) (CC) (6:30)
FXM Presents 
(CC) (MA) (8:45)
What Happens in Vegas (2008). Cameron Diaz, Ashton Kutcher. 
Strangers wake up married. Junky time-waster. (PG-13) (CC)
What Happens in Vegas (2008). Cameron Diaz. 
Strangers wake up married. Junky time-waster. (PG-13) 
FOXNEWS
Fox Report (N) (HD)                   Huckabee (N) (HD)                           Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) 
(HD)
Stossel (HD)                                  The Journal 
Editorial Report
Fox News Watch 
(HD)
Justice With 
Judge Jeanine
FSC
SKY Sports News (HD)                English Premier League Soccer Chelsea FC vs Stoke City FC. (HD)      Fox Soccer News (HD)                 English Premier League Soccer
FUSE
House Party 4 (1997). (6)             House Party 4 (1997). A sex toy manufacturer puts its products to the test.Off Beat (HD)    Off Beat (HD)     Nicki Minaj Takeover
FX
College Football U.F.C. Tonight 
Special Edition
U.F.C. 152: Belfort vs. Jones Prelims From Toronto.Two and a Half 
Men (CC) (HD)
Two and a Half 
Men (CC) (HD)
Wilfred “Secrets.” 
(HD) (MA)
Totally Biased- 
Kamau Bell
Louie (HD) (Part 
3 of 3) (MA)
G4
Campus PD (HD) Campus PD (HD) Campus PD (HD) Campus PD (HD) Campus PD (HD) Campus PD (HD) Signs (2002). Mel Gibson, Joaquin Phoenix. (PG-13) (HD)                    Arena (2011). (HD)
GOLF
Ryder Cup         P.G.A. Tour Golf The Tour Championship, third round. From East Lake Golf Club in Atlanta. (HD)                                                  Golf Central (HD) L.P.G.A.
GSN
Minute to Win It (CC) (HD) (PG)     Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud      Newlywed
HALL
Beyond the Blackboard (2011, TVF). Emily VanCamp. (CC) (HD)           The Ron Clark Story (2006, TVF). Matthew Perry, Ernie Hudson. (CC) (HD) The Ron Clark Story (2006, TVF). (CC) (HD)
HGTV
Home by Novo  Million Dollar      Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G)       Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G)      House Hunters   Hunters Int’l      House Hunters   Hunters Int’l       Love It or List It
HIST
Pawn Stars “Sil-
ver Linings.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (10:31)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (11:02)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (11:32)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (12:01)
HLN
Evidence           Evidence            The Investigators (14)                  Evidence           Evidence            The Investigators (14)                  Evidence           Evidence             Investigators
ID
Who the (Bleep) 
Did I Marry?
Dirty Little Lies 
(CC) (HD) (14)
Scorned: Love Kills “Wigs and a 
Gun.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Premarital 
Massacre.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Deadly Affairs “Battle of the Sex-
es.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Scorned: Love Kills “Wigs and a 
Gun.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never 
After (CC) (HD)
IFC
Dark Mirror (2007). Photographer’s 
new house has it out for her. (6:15)
Hostel Part II (2007). Lauren German, Roger Bart. Three American 
women in Europe meet grisly fates. (HD)
Open Water (2003). Blanchard Ryan, Daniel Travis. 
(R)
Hostel Part II (2007). Lauren 
German, Roger Bart. (HD) (11:45)
LIFE
Sexting in Suburbia (2012). Liz 
Vassey. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6)
●
 Last Hours in Suburbia (2012). Kelcie Stranahan, Maiara Walsh. 
Dead best friend helps girl retrace fateful events. (CC) (HD)
Walking the Halls (2012, TVF). Jamie Luner, Al Sapienza. Campus cop 
runs escort service. (CC) (HD)
Last Hours in 
Suburbia (HD)
LMN
Best Friends (2005, TVF). Megan 
Gallagher, Claudette Mink. (CC) (6)
Confessions of a Go-Go Girl (2008, TVF). Chelsea Hobbs, Sarah 
Carter. Young dancer loses control of her life. (CC) (HD)
The Fantasia Barrino Story: Life Is Not a Fairy Tale (2006, TVF). 
Fantasia Barrino, Loretta Devine. (CC) (HD)
Confessions of 
a Go-Go Girl
7:00                   7:30                   8:00                   8:30                   9:00                   9:30                  10:00                 10:30                 11:00                 11:30                 12:00
LOGO
True Life “I’m Addicted to Meds.” 
Prescription medications.
> 
Buffy the Vampire Slayer “Be-
neath You.” (CC) (14)
> 
Buffy the Vampire Slayer “Same 
Time, Same Place.” (CC)
> 
Buffy the Vampire Slayer “Help.” 
Buffy counsels doomsayer.
> 
Buffy the Vampire Slayer “Self-
less.” (CC) (PG)
Comedy Central 
Presents (CC)
MIL
Top Secret Weapons Revealed     Delta Force II: The Colombian Connection (1990). Chuck Norris, Billy Drago. (R) (CC)    World War II      Delta Force II: The Colombian Connection (1990). (R)
MLB
M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights.M.L.B. Regional Coverage. (HD)                                                  Quick Pitch
MSG
Pregame         M.L.S. New York Red Bulls vs. New England Revolution. (HD)              Red Bulls Post   B. Griese            The Lineup       M.L.S. New York Red Bulls vs. New England Revolution.
MSGPL
College Football Wagner vs. Central Connecticut State. (HD)                                                  College Football Colorado vs. Washington State. (HD)
MSNBC
Caught on Camera (HD)                Lockup Orange County (HD)         Life After Lockup (HD)                   Lockup Tampa (HD)                      Lockup Wabash                            Lockup: Raw
MTV
Ridiculousness
. 
Drumline (2002). Nick Cannon, Zoe Saldana. (PG-13)                                            Bad Boys II (2003). Martin Lawrence, Will Smith. (R)
NBCS
College Football                    M.L.S. Portland Timbers vs. Real Salt Lake. (HD)                                                  College Football Nevada vs. Hawaii. (HD)
NGEO
Hard Time (HD) (14)                   Hard Time “Jail Mom.” (HD) (14)     Hard Time (HD) (14)                   Hard Time (HD) (14)                   Hard Time “Jail Mom.” (HD) (14)     Hard Time (HD)
NICK
Victorious (HD)  Victorious (HD)   Victorious (N) (G) Big Time Rush   How to Rock (N)  iCarly (CC) (HD)
> 
The Nanny
> 
The Nanny
> 
Friends (PG)
> 
Friends (PG)
> 
Friends (PG)
NICKJR
Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer    Dora Explorer    Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan   Ni Hao, Kai-lan   Yo Gabba
NY1
NEWS            On Stage         NEWS            NEWS            NEWS             Budd Mishkin    New York Times Close Up          NEWS              Sports on 1 (11:35)
OVA
. 
The Four Musketeers (1975). (5:30)
. 
The Natural (1984). Robert Redford. Malamud’s gifted young baseball player. Diamond in the rough. (PG)
. 
Mississippi Burning (1988). William Dafoe. (R) (CC) (HD)
OWN
Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice     Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD)   Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (N) (HD) Iyanla, Fix My Life (N) (CC) (HD)  Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD)     Sweetie Pie’s
OXY
Phat Girlz (2006). (PG-13) (CC) (5:55) I Think I Love My Wife (2007). Chris Rock, Kerry Washington. (R)         Catwoman (2004). Halle Berry, Benjamin Bratt. (PG-13) (CC) (10:05)      Phat Girlz (12:10)
SCIENCE
Survivorman “Alaska.” (CC) (HD)    Survivorman “Amazon.” (CC) (HD)  Survivorman (CC) (HD) (PG)         Survivorman “South Pacific.” (HD)  Survivorman “Amazon.” (CC) (HD)  Survivorman
SMITH
Mystery of the Hope Diamond     Making the Monkees (CC) (HD)     Apocalypse The Second World     Stealth: Flying Invisible (HD) (G)  Making the Monkees (CC) (HD)     Apocalypse
SNY
College Football M.L.B. Miami Marlins vs. New York Mets. (HD)                                                  SportsNite (HD)  SportsNite (HD)  SportsNite (HD)  SportsNite (HD)
SOAP
General Hospital (CC) (PG)         General Hospital (CC) (PG)         General Hospital (CC) (PG)         General Hospital (CC) (PG)         General Hospital (CC) (PG)          ABC Fall 2012
SPEED
Barrett-Jackson Automobile Auction An auction of classic cars. (N) (HD)                                                  A.M.A. Racing
SPIKE
Crank: High
. 
Walking Tall (2004). The Rock, Johnny Knoxville. (PG-13) (HD) (7:45)                            From Paris With Love (2010). John Travolta, Jonathan Rhys Meyers. (R)
STYLE
. 
Julie & Julia (2009). (PG-13) (HD) (5) Tia & Tamera (HD) (PG)                 Tia & Tamera (HD) (PG)                 Tia & Tamera “South Africa.” (HD)   Tia & Tamera (HD) (PG)              Chicagolicious
SUN
Get to Work “Check Yourself, Be-
fore You Wreck Yourself.” (HD) (14)
Colin Fitz Lives! (1997). John C. McGinley. Two 
security guards watch grave of rock star. (CC)
The New Ten-
ants (CC) (HD)
. 
The Squid and the Whale (2005). Jeff Daniels, 
Laura Linney. (R) (CC)
Love Lust (CC) 
(HD) (14)
Room in Rome 
(2010). (CC) (HD)
SYFY
Starship Troopers (1997). Casper Van Dien. Mankind vs. marauding giant 
insects. Verhoeven does have a way with lurid spectacle. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
Camel Spiders (2011). Brian Krause, C. Thomas Howell. Mutant spiders 
invade America. (CC) (HD)
Ice Spiders (2007, TVF). Patrick Muldoon. Giant 
mutated spiders terrorize Olympic ski team. (R) (CC)
TBS
> 
Seinfeld (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
> 
Seinfeld (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory (14)
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory (14)
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory (14)
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory (14)
Franklin & Bash “Jango and 
Rossi.” (CC) (HD) (14)
. 
Spider-Man (2002). Tobey Maguire, Willem Dafoe. 
(PG-13) (CC) (HD)
TCM
. 
The Time Machine (1960). Rod 
Taylor, Yvette Mimieux. (G) (CC) (6)
Gilda (1946). Rita Hayworth. Gambler loves singer married to casino owner. 
Foggy old drama, with one bright point: “Put the Blame on Mame.” (CC)
Any Number Can Play (1949). Clark Gable, Alexis Smith. Gambler 
estranged from wife and son. Restrained but minor drama. (CC)
Johnny O’Clock 
(1947). Dick Powell.
TLC
Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N)   Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N)   Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real
TNT
The Replacements (2000). Keanu 
Reeves. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:30)
The Longest Yard (2005). Adam Sandler, Chris Rock. Jailed N.F.L. veterans train fellow 
inmates for game against guards. Sorry remake. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Longest Yard (2005). Adam Sandler. Jailed N.F.L. veterans train 
fellow inmates for game against guards. Sorry remake. (PG-13) (HD)
TRAV
Making Monsters (CC) (HD) (PG)  Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14)  Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures                    Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
TRU
Wipeout Former fan favorites. (CC) Wipeout (CC) (PG)                Wipeout (CC) (PG)                Wipeout (CC) (PG)                World’s Dumbest. (14)            World Dumbest
TVLAND
Roseanne (6:54) Roseanne (7:27) Cosby Show     Cosby Show
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond       King of Queens  King of Queens
USA
> 
Law & Order: SVU “Alternate.” 
(CC) (HD) (14)
> 
Law & Order: SVU “Paternity.” 
The murder of a nanny. (CC) (HD)
> 
Law & Order: SVU “Persona.” 
Abused housewife. (CC) (HD) (14)
> 
Law & Order: SVU “Ballerina.” A 
young couple is murdered. (HD)
> 
Law & Order: SVU “Painless.” A 
woman commits suicide. (HD) (14)
> 
Law & Order: 
SVU (HD)
VH1
Love & Hip Hop “Back To Reality.”  Love & Hip Hop “Finale.” (14)         T.I. and Tiny       T.I. and Tiny       T.I. and Tiny       T.I. and Tiny      Basketball Wives LA (HD)           Bask. Wives LA
WE
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera: Unveiled (CC) (HD)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera: Unveiled (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera: Unveiled (N) (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera: Unveiled (CC) (HD)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera: Unveiled (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wed-
ding: Unveiled
YES
M.L.B. Oakland Athletics vs. New York Yankees. (CC) (HD)                                                  CenterStage (HD)                        Yankeeography                           Yanks Mag.
9 P.M. (CUNY) EUROPEAN MASTERS:
TRUFFAUT & BERGMAN This tribute to the
directors François Truffaut and Ingmar
Bergman continues with a new print of “The
Story of Adele H” (1975), Truffaut’s tale, set in
1863 and based on a journal decoded nearly a
century later. It’s about the younger daughter
(Isabelle Adjani, in an Oscar-nominated role) of
the writer Victor Hugo, who becomes obsessed
with a British soldier (Bruce Robinson) who
does not return her affections. Writing in The
New York Times, Vincent Canby called the film,
in which Truffaut appears (above, with Ms.
Adjani), uncredited,as an officer, “profoundly
beautiful” and his “most severe, most romantic
meditation upon love.” Afterward, Jerry
Carlson, the host of “City Cinematheque,” and
Dudley Andrew, a professor of film and
comparative literature at Yale, will discuss
Truffaut’s work.
NOON (13) RICHARD HEFFNER’S OPEN
MINDElie Wiesel, the Nobel Peace Prize
laureate and Holocaust survivor, talks about his
faith in God.
8 P.M. (Lifetime) LAST HOURS IN SUBURBIA
(2012) After being released from jail with no
memory of the car crash that ended the life of
her friend Jenny and earned her a prison
sentence, Grace Flynn (Kelcie Stranahan) tries
to relive the incident to prove her innocence. But
she is stunned to discover that Jenny (Maiara
Walsh) has come along for the ride.
8 P.M. (HBO) A THOUSAND WORDS (2012)
When Jack McCall (Eddie Murphy, below), a
Type A literary agent, courts a New Age guru
(Cliff Curtis) with empty talk,
a magical tree appears in
Jack’s backyard and starts
shedding a leaf for every word
he utters, bringing both him
and the tree closer to death.
“Mr. Murphy’s mugging skills,
at times evoking Harpo Marx,
are in fine fettle, and he easily
finds Jack’s dark
undercurrents,” Andy Webster wrote in The
Times. “But the director, Brian Robbins,
perhaps as a result of his prime-time pedigree”
— he has served as an executive producer on
“One Tree Hill” and “Smallville” — “has so
carefully engineered this manipulative machine
that little emotional residue remains — only a
product inoffensive, unsurprising and
uninspiring.”
8 P.M. (Ovation) THE NATURAL (1984) Robert
Redford plays Roy Hobbs, an aging baseball
rookie who comes out of nowhere to save his
team and redeem himself, in Barry Levinson’s
adaptation of the Bernard Malamud novel, set in
1920s and ‘30s Chicago. Glenn Close plays Roy’s
virtuous sweetheart, whom he left at home out
West to try out for the Cubs; Barbara Hershey is
the siren who shoots him in the stomach with a
silver bullet on his first night in the city; Kim
Basinger is the wanton niece of the club’s
manager (Wilford Brimley). And Robert Duvall
is the sports columnist with whom Roy makes a
$100 bet: that he can strike out baseball’s
reigning star, the Whammer (Joe Don Baker),
on three pitches. “If the source material were
not so fine and idiosyncratic, it would not be
worth worrying about the film’s peculiar
failures,” Vincent Canby wrote in The Times,
noting that the baseball sequences were
beautifully staged. “However, given all that it
might have been, one wants it to be better.”
9 P.M. (13) TO SIR, WITH LOVE(1967) Sidney
Poitier, below, stars as Thackeray, an idealistic
new teacher in London assigned to a school near
the city’s docks, where his Cockney-accented
students are ill mannered and insolent.
Christian Roberts plays Denham, the arrogant
teenager who incites
Thackeray’s latest
classroom edict: if
the students want to
be treated as the
adults they are about
to become, they must
act like adults. “A nice
air of gentility
suffuses this pretty
color film, and Mr. Poitier gives a quaint
example of being proper and turning the other
cheek,” Bosley Crowther wrote in The Times.
“And so ‘To Sir, With Love’ comes off as a cozy,
good-humored and unbelievable little tale of a
teacher getting acquainted with his pupils,
implying but never stating that it is nice for the
races to live congenially together.” The singer
Lulu performs the title song, which became a
No. 1 hit. In “The Damned United” (2009), at
10:50, the director Tom Hooper and the
screenwriter Peter Morgan tell the story of
Brian Clough (Michael Sheen) and his 44 days,
in 1974, as the coach of the Leeds United soccer
team in Britain. Colm Meaney plays Don Revie,
Clough’s predecessor; Timothy Spall is Peter
Taylor, Clough’s loyal right-hand man. “‘The
Damned United’ shares with ‘The Queen’ and
‘Frost/Nixon’ not only a writer and a star, but
also a precise and satisfying sense of
proportion,” A.O. Scott wrote in The Times. 
KATHRYNSHATTUCK
WHAT’S ON TODAY
CUNY TV
By MICHAEL POWELL
It is with no traditional autumnal sense of
baseball anticipation that my son Nick and I
ride the rumbling 7 train to Citi Field for a
couple of games with the hated Phillies. We
are father-and-son rubber-neckers drawn to
the spectacular car
wreck that is our team.
We step through the
turnstiles to find 22 tick-
et scalpers, lost souls all, clustering around
us. 
I’ll give ya two $125 tickets for $70 apiece,
one offers.
I counter with $15.
The scalper flashes a pained look. “I’m
dying here.”
“Aren’t we all?” I reply.
We settle on $250 worth of tickets for $50.
At the stadium doors, a bored guard pats
us down without touching us. The ticket tak-
er shrugs and points at the scanner. Scan
yourself, he says.
We walk in, a beaut of a stadium with fans
scattered in so many nomadic clumps amid
acres of green seats. We catch a dog and a
brew and take a seat, any seat, really. Not
for the first time in my lifetime of Mets root-
ing I wonder: 
What have we gotten ourselves into?
Our left fielder, Jason Bay, steps to the
plate. He was once a top slugger. That was a
millennium ago. Now he’s batting.156, with 7
home runs and 18 runs batted in, a figure
most entirely of little tear-drop singles to all
fields. He replaced Jose Reyes, our rangy
and powerful All-Star shortstop whom the
Mets, in their infinite wisdom, chose to let
walk away without first trying to trade him.
Tejada hits a lifeless fly to right.
Najjar watches and sighs. “Too many
more seasons like this, I think, would be ex-
cruciating.”
I entered this Mets season, let it be said,
shorn of illusion. We had a chance to be pro-
saically bad. But I figured if everything went
wrong, if the Wilpons continued to turn their
later forgot how to throw a ball back to the
pitcher.
Najjar was hooked for life.
Like so many Mets fans here at the rump
end of a burnt-down season, he waxes philo-
sophic.
“It’s all about loyalty and knowing what it
means to lose,” he says. “We’re not like the
Yankees; the expectation to win a champi-
onship isn’t always there. If you win 26, you
just get greedy.”
Ruben Tejada, our shortstop, steps to the
plate. He’s a soft-bodied, sweet-fielding kid
who is hitting .286, an average made up al-
most left-field sluggers reach in early May.
We are no longer in early May.
He hits a Nerf-ball of a pop fly that the
right fielder shags. 
Bay is one of three starters this Septem-
ber evening with batting averages under
.200. In fact, our pitcher, R.A. Dickey, the 37-
year-old knuckleballer, currently is outhit-
ting Bay.
To be a Mets fan this September, as in so
many others, is to be a gourmand of loss. 
Some nights the losses taste like chewing
on a Blue Smoke pulled pork sandwich laced
with LSD — a 16-1 Thursday blowout fea-
tured six straight Phillie hits to open the
game. Other nights, the steady drip of 2-1,
4-0, 3-2, 2-0 losses offers weirdly blissed-out
exercises in lotus eating.
Tug on a Bud, munch on a chicken quesa-
dilla and que sera sera.
Mets fans often frame our loyalty in terms
a medieval monk would understand. Perse-
verance; suffering; pain: all good. I wander
through a desert of empty left-field seats, si-
dle in next to Basher Najjar, 31, and pop the
existential question:
Why remain a Mets fan?
He looks at me, shrugs, smiles. He came
to the Mets in as random a fashion as fate
could contrive — his father told him he could
root for the first team he saw on television
and he turned to Channel 5, 7, then 9.
He saw catcher Mackey Sasser, a not-so-
great catcher who in a very Met-like manner
PHOTOGRAPHS BY TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Turn Out the Lights
To a lifelong Mets fan, September baseball at Citi
Field means a surreal excursion into a cavernous
shell abandoned by optimism long ago.
If you hope to find beauty, any kind of beauty, at a
Mets game these days, it helps to bring it yourself.
AN APPRAISAL 
At the stadium doors, a bored guard pats us down without touching us. 
The ticket taker shrugs and points at the scanner.
  
Scan yourself, he says.
By STEVEN COTTON
Bill Shankly, the manager credited
with transforming Liverpool F.C. from
paupers of northern England to princes
of Europe, was once affronted by the
suggestion that someone felt he viewed
soccer as a matter of life and death. 
“I am very disappointed with that at-
titude,” Shankly said. “I can assure you
it is much, much more important than
that.”
Shankly died 31 years ago, and there
are few today who can simultaneously
wear Liverpool’s bird emblem on their
chest and stand by his assertion of soc-
cer’s place in the order of life.
That changed on April 15, 1989, when
more than 90 Liverpool fans were
crushed to death on terraces at Hills-
borough Stadium in Sheffield, England.
They died in an unsafe, poorly policed
stadium; the police then lied about the
circumstances in an attempt to avoid
accountability.
The families of the fans — almost 80
of them in their 20s or younger — who
died on that spring day 23 years ago
only last week discovered the truth of
the Hillsborough disaster and the ex-
tent of the subsequent cover-up, de-
signed to exonerate the authorities and
impugn the victims and survivors.
The families now want those who al-
lowed the disaster to happen and then
orchestrated the smear campaign to be
held accountable. 
But before any potential legal pro-
ceedings or new inquests, there is a
sideshow in town. As fate, luck or mis-
fortune would have it, Liverpool’s first
home match since the findings of the 
ESSAY 
A Moment’s Peace
For Liverpool’s Lost
Continued on Page D7
D1
Ø
N
Continued on Page D4
SportsSaturday
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
MIKE STOBE/GETTY IMAGES
C.C.Sabathia pitched eight in-
nings of three-hit ball as the
Yankees beat the A’s in the
10th with a homer. Page D3.
Sixth Straight Victory
On Wednesday, while taping an epi-
sode of “CenterStage” for the YES Net-
work, Commissioner Bud Selig said this
to Michael Kay: “You can’t change
records, because once you get into that,
it would never stop. It would
create more problems than
it would solve.”
Selig should have stuck
with his instincts. Just days
after that comment, he has
put baseball on the slippery
slope he had wisely wanted to avoid.
Melky Cabrera is no longer eligible to
win the batting title, which on the sur-
face seems like justice. Really, though, it
pushes baseball into the fantasy white-
washing world of the N.C.A.A., which
vacates accomplishments by pretend-
ing they never took place.
Cabrera, the San Francisco Giants
outfielder, was suspended 50 games
Aug. 15 after testing positive for an ele-
vated level of testosterone. He was hit-
ting .346 in 501 plate appearances — one
shy of the 502 necessary to qualify for
the batting title. Yet through a quirk in
the rules, Cabrera was still eligible to
win.
Rule 10.22 (a) allows players who
failed to accumulate the minimum plate
appearances to win the batting crown
provided that their average would lead
the league even if they went hitless
through their 502nd plate appearance.
The commissioner’s office and the un-
ion announced Friday that this benefit
would not apply for suspended players
in 2012.
Cabrera contacted the union to ask
for help in removing his name from con-
sideration for the batting title. Selig
then agreed to suspend the rule.
“I respect his gesture as a sign of his
regret and his desire to move forward, 
Reversal on Cabrera
Doesn’t Change the Facts 
Continued on Page D3
TYLER
KEPNER 
ON
BASEBALL 
D2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Each week, two of college football’s sea-
soned observers, Pre-Snap Read’s Paul Myer-
berg and Robert Weintraub of Football Outsid-
ers, get together over e-mail to discuss the big-
gest games and story lines around the country.
Hey Rob,
You know what I love about this weekend?
Over the first few weeks of the regular season,
most of the must-see games have occurred dur-
ing the afternoon with a few exceptions. Satur-
day is all about the night starts, four games
from 7:30 p.m. onward with significant Bowl
Championship Series implications. 
Clemson visits Florida State with the At-
lantic Coast Conference Atlantic Division on
the line. (I know it’s only September, but the
winner will represent the Atlantic in the A.C.C.
title game.) Michigan travels to Notre Dame —
and we remember last year’s classic, right? 
Kansas State heads to Norman to take on
Oklahoma. There are few less hospitable places
to play than Memorial Stadium, especially once
the sun goes down. And in a late one: the Ari-
zona-Oregon game doesn’t kick off until 10:30,
so brew some coffee.
Paul 
Hi Paul, 
The Arizona-Oregon game should provide
some natural caffeine. The Wildcats under Rich
Rodriguez actually have amassed more yards
than the high-octane Ducks. They aren’t likely
to win in Eugene, but the game will provide a
truer glimpse of Oregon’s power.
Florida State’s defense has yielded exactly
1 point per game so far, and an otherworldly
1.71 yards per play, but something tells me that
will change against Tahj Boyd and Co. If F.S.U.
is truly a national contender, it will beat Clem-
son by the expected two touchdowns.
Surely there are some daytime games that
have you fired up?
Talk to you soon, Rob
Rob, 
How about Virginia at Texas Christian?
The Cavaliers were embarrassed by Georgia
Tech last weekend, so you know that Mike Lon-
don will have his team ready to go. 
There are another two intriguing 3:30 p.m.
starts: Oregon State at U.C.L.A. and Missouri
at South Carolina. U.C.L.A. is riding a wave of
confidence after beating Nebraska and Hous-
ton. Keep an eye on Johnathan Franklin, the
nation’s leading rusher; he’s moved into the
top group of Heisman contenders.
Then there’s the Battle of Columbia —
Missouri, from Columbia, Mo., travels to Co-
lumbia, S.C., to play the Gamecocks. You know,
I think that the SEC East is going to be much
better than most originally believed it would
be. Between Florida, Georgia, South Carolina,
Missouri and Tennessee, the East might be
deeper than the SEC West, even if the East
lacks an L.S.U. or Alabama.
Did I just become the first person to ques-
tion the SEC West?
Paul, 
Bobby Petrino’s motorcycle crash and Au-
burn’s inability to clone Cam Newton have left
the West looking like the old Big 8, when Okla-
homa and Nebraska dominated the rest of the
league. It will be interesting to see if Oregon
State can corral Franklin as they did Wiscon-
sin’s Montee Ball (61 yards) in the opener. Of
course, the Badgers fired their offensive line
coach after the game, so maybe the wound was
self-inflicted. Both teams have young, exciting
quarterbacks (the redshirt freshman Brett
Hundley for the Bruins, the sophomore Sean
Mannion for the Beavers), and U.C.L.A.’s de-
fense has been a weapon under Jim Mora Jr.
(the unit has scored in each game). 
And on the subject of exciting QBs and
Heisman candidates, West Virginia’s Geno
Smith, above,isn’t a household name yet, but
he could be this year’s Robert Griffin III — a
dark horse who breaks from the outside thanks
to a bevy of YouTube-ready plays. He’s in ac-
tion Saturday at noon against Maryland.
Until next time, Rob
Rob, 
I’m worried about a few teams. One is Au-
burn, which hosts Louisiana State. The Tigers
(those from Auburn) are not ready for the Ti-
gers of Baton Rouge. 
And what happens if Rutgers goes into
Fayetteville and beats Arkansas, dropping the
Razorbacks to 1-3? Yikes. 
It’s actually an interesting day for the
SEC, with Georgia-Vanderbilt joining the above
games. But to me, the biggest games are Notre
Dame-Michigan and Oregon-Arizona. 
And what about the Irish? A win over
Michigan could propel Notre Dame to a special
season. At 4-0, the Irish would be in a great
spot to nab a B.C.S. bid, barring a collapse. 
Enjoy the games, Paul 
PATRICK M
c
DERMOTT/GETTY IMAGES 

The Quad
College Letter Men
JONATHAN FERREY/GETTY IMAGES 
Oregon’s
De’Anthony
Thomas
C O L L E G E F O OT BA L L
By ROBERT WEINTRAUB
When No. 10 Clemson plays at No. 4
Florida State on Saturday night, Dan-
iel Rodriguez, a walk-on wide receiv-
er,will be a member of the Tigers’
kickoff coverage unit.The frenzied at-
mosphere is not likely to affect him
much.
That is partly because,at 24,Rodri-
guez is older than most college play-
ers.And also because his service in
Iraq and Afghanistan will probably
leave him unfazed by the raucous
cheering of Seminoles fans.
On Oct.3, 2009,Rodriguez was de-
ployed in Nuristan Province, in the
far northeastern corner of Afghani-
stan along the Pakistan border.He
was a sergeant and had experienced
a year of fighting in Iraq. About 50
United States  and Afghan soldiers
manned Combat Outpost Keating, a
forward operating base near the re-
mote town of Kamdesh.
Keating, surrounded by towering
mountains, was in a place that “just
bred terrorists,” Rodriguez said.Just
after dawn, while Rodriguez was
checking a computer, a coordinated
attack, involving at least 175 enemy
gunmen and perhaps twice that num-
ber, was mounted.
Shortly before, Rodriguez had
promised a close friend, Pfc. Kevin
Thompson, that if he made it home,
he would chase his dream of playing
college football.When the battle be-
gan,Thompson was killed almost in-
stantly, one of eight Americans to die
in a day of intense fighting.Rodriguez
was wounded in his leg, neck and
shoulder.“But I got my quota,” he
said, referring to Taliban fighters.
“I vividly remember thinking,this
is it,” he said. “My intent was to kill
as many of them before they killed
me.I kept a round in my pocket just
in case; I was going to take my own
life.But it wasn’t my day to go.”
Rodriguez earned a Purple Heart
and Bronze Star for his efforts at
Keating.Six months later, when Rod-
riguez returned to his home in Virgin-
ia,he enrolled in classes at a commu-
nity college.But he found himself
adrift and struggling with the psycho-
logical effects of his time at war.
 His father, also an Army veteran,
had died days after Rodriguez gradu-
ated from high school, spurring him
to volunteer for military service.His
father’s death left Rodriguez with lit-
tle guidance for how to deal with the
toll his military service had taken. 
“I was basically drunk for the first
two months I was home,” he said,
adding that he could not relate to his
classmates. “When the kid next to
you thinks a major problem is that he
couldn’t log on to Facebook, it makes
you angry.”
It wasn’t until he remembered the
promise he made to Thompson that
Rodriguez found a focus.Rodriguez
committed to getting back in shape,
pushed on by his pledge as well as a
coterie of friends who scoffed at him.
“They told me, ‘You’re too old to
play college football, you’re not even
200 pounds, you’re going to get de-
molished,’” he recalled with a laugh.
One of the friends, Stephen Batt,
had a cousin with filmmaking experi-
ence.“I told Daniel, ‘If you trust me
to shoot and edit as a short film,rath-
er than as a standard recruiting vid-
eo, it’ll have a better chance of catch-
ing the notice of coaches,’” said the
cousin, Ryan Russell Smith, who pro-
duced a video that Rodriguez planned
to send to college coaches. 
Smith mixed artistic shots of Rodri-
guez training and catching passes
with footage Rodriguez  had shot
while in combat. The video also ex-
plained  why Rodriguez  had been
away from football.
Rodriguez eventually got in touch
with Jake Tapper of ABC News,who
was writing a book about the Battle of
Kamdesh and had interviewed Rodri-
guez.After being told of the video,
Tapper linked to it  from his Twitter
feed, helping the short film go viral.
Rodriguez, whose phone number,
e-mail  address and home address
were in the video, was soon receiving
messages from coaches like Frank
Beamer of Virginia Tech, as well as
strangers captivated by his experi-
ences and determination.Then he
heard from Clemson Coach Dabo
Swinney, whose energetic style capti-
vated Rodriguez. 
“I was in class when he sent the
message, and I literally got up, left
the classroomand called him,” Rodri-
guez said.
Swinney offered Rodriguez a spot
as a preferred walk-on, and worked to
gain an N.C.A.A.waiver for Rodri-
guez, who was one credit short of his
associate degree.“I was mesmerized
by his video,” Swinney said. “I’m
watching and thinking, Holy cow, he’s
amazing.”
  Now Rodriguez has the manner of
an everyday student, complete with
flip-flops and shorts.He says he has
mostly shed the bitter taste of war.
“I’ve convinced myself that the
years I should have been in college I
was at war, so I’m just getting those
years back,” he said.
His Purple Heart has proved to be a
boon in solving the difficulty of cam-
pus parking.A South Carolina law
guarantees anyone who has a Purple
Heart free parking, permits or meters
notwithstanding.
“Everyone wants to ride with him,”
Swinney said.
Rodriguez has played in Clemson’s
three games, mostly on special teams.
The highlight  came two Saturdays
ago, when Rodriguez caught a 4-yard
pass in the fourth quarter of a 52-27
win over Ball State.The Memorial
Stadium crowd gave him a standing
ovation.
Now, nearly three years after the
battle, Rodriguez is proud to wear a
different uniform.
“He may only be a walk-on,” said
Swinney, “but he’s a team leader to
these 18-   to 22-year-olds, some of
whom have a sense of entitlement or
want to feel sorry for themselves or
don’t understand the privilege they
have.”
REX BROWN/CLEMSON UNIVERSITY
Daniel Rodriguez, 24,won a spot on Clemson’s roster as a walk-on after serving in Iraq and Afghanistan, where he survived the Battle of Kamdesh.
A Purple Heart, a Bronze Star and Kickoff Coverage
By TIM ROHAN
The season is young, but already
the Big Ten has made an impression
as a middling conference. 
With several losses in high-profile
games, including Alabama’s manhan-
dling of Michigan in the opening week
and Notre Dame’s convincing victory
over Michigan State last week, the
league has looked a step behind the
other Bowl Championship Series con-
ferences,with no reason to believe the
situation will improve anytime soon.
“It’s a collective effort of futility
that the Big Ten has gotten to this
point,” said Kirk Herbstreit, an ESPN
college football analyst who played
quarterback at Ohio State. He added,
“The perception, right now, that the
Big Ten is facing is probably the
toughest that it’s ever been.”    
The notion that the Big Ten teams
wilt against tough nonconference
competition, particularly  from the
Southeastern Conference, has been
bubbling for years.       
The early season losses this year
have not improved that. And, perhaps
even worse for the Big Ten, its high-
est-ranked team, No. 16 Ohio State, is
ineligible for postseason play  and
struggled to beat California last Sat-
urday.  
In games against teams from B.C.S.
conferences or Notre Dame, the Big
Ten is a collective 4-8 so far.North-
western won three of those games, all
against teams with losing records.
The Big Ten has lost seven of its
last eight Rose Bowl appearances,
and no Big Ten team has won the na-
tional championship since 2002.     
“I know it’s out there;I hear it,” Ur-
ban Meyer, the Ohio State coach in his
first season, said of the perception of
the Big Ten. “I hear it in this con-
versation. I hear it when I turn on
ESPN or any channels. There’s one
answer: Go win those nonconference
games.”
This pitfall is not totally surprising.
Michigan State and Wisconsin are re-
placing star quarterbacks, Kirk Cous-
ins and Russell Wilson, and their of-
fenses have sputtered. Penn State is
reeling from the Jerry Sandusky
scandal and the N.C.A.A. punishment
that followed. While Ohio State has
won with Braxton Miller blossoming
at quarterback, it too is dealing with
N.C.A.A. sanctions and has been in-
consistent.
“I can only go on what our past has
been,” said Michigan State Coach
Mark Dantonio, who also mentioned
that the Big Ten champion usually fin-
ishes the season in the top 10. 
And of his own team’s perception,
Wisconsin’s Bret Bielema said: “I
can’t control the outside world;I just
know we’re going to get better,and
that’s all we can do.”
This week, No. 18 Michigan, which
visits No. 11 Notre Dame, plays the
league’s most high-profile game.
Even so, Herbstreit said during Tues-
day’s episode of ESPN’s “College
Football Live,” “I don’t know there’s a
whole lot — even if Michigan beats
Notre Dame — that can save the Big
Ten right now.”         
In a phone interview, Herbstreit
traced the Big Ten’s nadir to 2006,
when Ohio State and Michigan en-
tered the     regular-season finale
ranked No. 1 and No. 2. The Buckeyes
won, 42-39, and instead of earning a
rematch, the Wolverines were sent to
the Rose Bowl, where Southern Cali-
fornia beat them handily. In the na-
tional championship  game, Florida
trounced Ohio State. The SEC has
won every championship since.
“The one thing that’s very obvious
to me — and I used to fight this, be-
cause I didn’t necessarily buy into it
because I think it’s a stereotype and a
knee-jerk reaction by people that did
not like the Big Ten — but the style of
play, and the lack of playmakers right
now, is apparent, very apparen-
t,” Herbstreit said.
Since 2007, the SEC’s vast collection
of talent grew with 26 — out of a pos-
sible 60 — top-10 recruiting classes,
according to Yahoo’s Rivals.com re-
cruiting service. In the same time, the
Big Ten has enjoyed six such classes.
“Tradition for an 18-year-old is the
last two years,” Herbstreit said.
“They’re not interested in the Heis-
man Trophy winner from the ’80s, let
alone the ’60s.”
In the new college football order
— where the SEC  rules  and  the
Pac-12 seems sleek and cool — the
Big Ten’s plodding style, no matter
the number of spread offenses, ap-
pears to lag behind. Winning stylishly,
and producing N.F.L. talent efficient-
ly,is “what’s trending is SEC foot-
ball,” Herbstreit said.
“The one thing they have to fight
against, because they have such rich
tradition,is settling for this is the way
it’s been, and this is the way it’s going
to continue to be. I think they have to
continue to be progressive,” Herb-
streit said.
“It’s O.K. to embrace the past, but
you don’t want to live in the past.” 
L.M. OTERO/ASSOCIATED PRESS
TOM LYNN/GETTY IMAGES
FromMichigan’s blowout defeat against Alabama to Wisconsin’s narrow escape against Utah State, the Big Ten has struggled this season.
As Losses Stack Up, Big Ten Sees Relevance Head South
ØØ
N
D3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
BAS E BA L L
Auto Racing   4:00 p.m. Nationwide Series, Kentucky 300  ESPN
Baseball  1:00 p.m. Miami at Mets  CH. 11
  1:00 p.m. Oakland at Yankees  YES
  4:00 p.m. Los Angeles Dodgers at Cincinnati   FOX
 9:00 p.m.  Chicago White Sox at Los Angeles Angels MLB
Basketball / W.N.B.A.  2:00 p.m. Tulsa at Liberty  MSG+, NBATV
  8:00 p.m. Washington at Chicago  NBATV
Football / College Noon Lafayette at Bucknell  CBSSN
 Noon Virginia at Texas Christian  ESPN
 Noon Texas-El Paso at Wisconsin  ESPN2
 Noon Bowling Green at Virginia Tech  ESPNU
 Noon Maryland at West Virginia  FX
 Noon Kentucky at Florida  MSG, MSG2
  1:00 p.m. Yale at Cornell  NBCSN
  3:30 p.m. Missouri at South Carolina  CBS
  3:30 p.m. Temple at Penn State  ABC
  3:30 p.m. Virginia Military Institute at Navy  CBSSN
  3:30 p.m. Oregon State at U.C.L.A.  ESPN2
  3:30 p.m. East Carolina at North Carolina  ESPNU
  4:00 p.m. Colorado at Washington State  FX
  4:30 p.m. Harvard at Brown  NBCSN
  4:30 p.m. South Florida at Ball State  SNY
  7:00 p.m. L.S.U. at Auburn  ESPN
  7:00 p.m. Rutgers at Arkansas  ESPNU
  7:00 p.m. Wagner at Central Connecticut State  MSG+
  7:30 p.m. Michigan at Notre Dame  NBC
  7:30 p.m. Kansas State at Oklahoma  FOX
  7:45 p.m. Vanderbilt at Georgia  ESPN2
  8:00 p.m. Clemson at Florida State  ABC
  8:00 p.m. Fresno State at Tulsa  CBSSN
 10:30 p.m. Arizona at Oregon  ESPN
 10:30 p.m. Nevada at Hawaii  NBCSN
Golf Noon Tour Championship, third round  GOLF
  2:00 p.m. Tour Championship, third round  
NBC
  2:00 p.m. L.P.G.A. Classic, third round  GOLF
Soccer  7:30 a.m. England, Swansea City vs. Everton   ESPN2
 10:00 a.m. England, Chelsea vs. Stoke City   FSC
  7:30 p.m. M.L.S., Red Bulls at New England  MSG
  8:00 p.m. M.L.S., Portland at Salt Lake  NBCSN
HOME
AWAY
SUN
9/23
THU
9/27
WED
9/26
SAT
9/22
TUE
9/25
FRI
9/28
MON
9/24
This Week
METS
 
MIAMI
 
1 p.m.
 
CH. 11
 
MIAMI
 
1 p.m.
 
CH. 11
 
PITTSBURGH
 
7 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
PITTSBURGH
 
7 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
PITTSBURGH
 
7 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
PITTSBURGH
 
1 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
ATLANTA
 
7:30 p.m.
 
SNY 
YANKEES
 
OAKLAND
 
1 p.m.
 
YES 
 
OAKLAND
 
1 p.m.
 
YES 
 
MINNESOTA
 
8 p.m.
 
YES 
 
MINNESOTA
 
8 p.m.
 
CH. 9 
 
MINNESOTA
 
1 p.m.
 
YES 
 
TORONTO
 
7 p.m.
 
YES 
 
TORONTO
 
7 p.m.
 
YES 
TV Highlights
More listings are at tvlistings.nytimes.com, under the Sports-Events category.
                                           PHILADELPHIA
   
 GIANTS     8:20 P.M. SEPT. 30
              NBC 
                                               MIAMI
           
 JETS                        1 P.M.  SUNDAY                     CBS
 
                                            
                                            TULSA
         
 LIBERTY                2 P.M.  SATURDAY      MSG+ 
                                            NEW ENGLAND
         
 RED BULLS             7:30 P.M.  SATURDAY             MSG
 
CALENDAR
By ANDREW KEH
The Miami Marlins came to
Queens on Friday night a walk-
ing, stumbling example for anx-
ious Mets fans
of how much
worse the
game of base-
ball can be played. The Mets, en-
joying a much-needed reprieve
from major league competition,
broke a streak of nine consec-
utive home losses with a 7-3 win.
The game was an unsightly
jumble of misguided baserun-
ning, shallow effort, erratic
throws, oblivious fielding, inju-
ries, plays that should have been
called errors and one actual error
— and that was just the Marlins’
output. The Mets took advantage,
breaking a franchise-record 16-
game streak of scoring three
runs or fewer at home.
“It felt like a playoff game,”
Manager Terry Collins said with
a smile. 
The level of play resembled a
spring training game, and if not
for a scoring change, the Mets’
first six runs would have been
unearned. 
In the first, Marlins second
baseman Donovan Solano could
not snare Ike Davis’s routine
grounder — an error later ruled a
hit. A run scored, and Scott Hair-
ston followed with a two-run
homer. The Mets added two un-
earned runs in the second
through a wild pitch and a sacri-
fice fly. In the fifth, Daniel Mur-
phy, who reached on a strikeout-
passed ball, scored when Hair-
ston tripled off the glove of Justin
Ruggiano, who had balls bounce
off and fall around him all game.
In the seventh, Davis crushed
his 28th home run, providing in-
surance for Jon Niese (12-9), who
gave up only three runs in six
and a third innings. “It’s real fun
turning on the music and cele-
brating with your teammates,”
Niese said. 
Before the game, Collins apolo-
gized for insinuating after the
team’s 16-1 loss to the Phillies on
Thursday that his players might
not be giving their all,calling it a
misguided motivational tool. He
said, “Their effort has always
been there.” 
But then, early  in  Friday’s
game, Lucas Duda lagged out of
the batter’s box on a pop-up that
landed for a hit. Duda ended up at
first base and,an inning later, on
the bench.
“We’re not going to play the
game like that, especially right
now,” Collins said. “Had we won
10 of the last 12, or 15 of the last
20, you can kind of turn your
head. But I couldn’t turn my head
tonight.”
Still, Collins was better off than
Ozzie Guillen, the Marlins’ man-
ager. He kept his head buried in
his hands most of the game.   
Mets End Home Losing Streak 
FRANK FRANKLIN II/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Scott Hairston after hitting a
two-run homer in the first.
By ZACH SCHONBRUN
Russell Martin hopped along
the first-base line clicking his
heels. Here is the scene that un-
folded after his game-ending
home run
landed in the
left-field
stands:
scrum of yap-
ping team-
mates gathered at home plate;
Alex Rodriguez sprinted like a
schoolboy after Martin’s helmet,
flung up the first-base line; Nick
Swisher spiked his water bottle;
Frank Sinatra blared   on the
speakers; Kevin Long embraced
Martin in a headlock.
It was giddiness far removed
from the tense, fragile times of
only a few weeks ago, when the
Yankees were losing and unease
reigned. With a 2-1 win in 10 in-
nings over the Oakland Athletics
at Yankee Stadium on Friday, the
Yankees have won six games in a
row — and eight of nine — and
the superlatives are flowing.
“With 13 games to go, we’re
fighting to win the division, and
that’s just a huge hit,” Manager
Joe Girardi said.
Martin’s homer — the Yan-
kees’ first extra-inning,game-
winning home run since Robin-
son Cano hit one in August 2009
— dissolved the sour taste left af-
ter Rafael Soriano  coughed up
the lead in the ninth by surren-
dering a pinch-hit home run to
Brandon Moss.
Soriano’s blown save, his
fourth of the season,cost C.C.
Sabathia the victory  after he
struck out 11 in eight sterling in-
nings.Girardi said he considered
it Sabathia’s best performance of
the season.
It came at a good time. Ques-
tions about Sabathia — his
health,his velocity, his command
— were multiplying. He had gone
0-3 with a 4.67 earned run aver-
age in his previous four starts. He
had given up a lead in five
straight outings. His velocity had
appeared suspiciously low, and
he had not struck out more than
eight batters since Aug.24.
Even more alarming, if only on
an intangible level, was that
Sabathia had not had a dominat-
ing performance, the overpower-
ing type of outing that has char-
acterized his career. His last 10-
strikeout game was Aug. 3. His
last shutout performance of six
or more innings was July 17.
After separate stints on the dis-
abled list for groin and elbow inju-
ries, it was reasonable to wonder
whether health was the problem
or if Sabathia were simply de-
scending into the same confound-
ing pattern that contributed to a
4.06 E.R.A. after July last year.
But he provided an emphatic
answer to both with his three-hit
performance Friday.
“I’ve been feeling pretty good,”
Sabathia said. “It was just a cou-
ple situations, not being able to
make pitches the last couple
games. Being able to do it tonight
definitely gives me confidence.”
Sabathia retired 15 of the first
16 batters he faced and did not al-
low a hit until the sixth inning. He
struck out the side twice. No run-
ner got into scoring position until
the eighth, when he loaded the
bases with two outs before induc-
ing a flyout to end the inning.
“He’s our ace,” Martin said. “I
think he definitely needed a start
just for himself. It’s getting that
time of year where you want your
aces to be feeling good.”
Sabathia’s velocity reached 96
miles per hour and generally hov-
ered in the mid-90s. But his most
devastating pitch was the slider,
which he used to pick up seven of
his first eight strikeouts.
“I always feel like I need an out-
ing like this,” Sabathia said. “Es-
pecially with the race  being as
tight as it is. Being able to do this
tonight, it feels good.”
Sabathia was almost matched
by Oakland’s Jarrod Parker, a
crafty 23-year-old right-hander.
Ichiro Suzuki, who went 9 for 12
in a three-game series earlier in
the week against Toronto,showed
more of his fortunate touch in his
first at-bat. His ground ball back
to Parker somehow slipped inside
Parker’s jersey. Suzuki was
standing on first base by the time
Parker reached in and pulled out
the ball.
It was a laughable moment, a
play destined for the blooper
reels, but Parker stayed  com-
posed. He struck out seven and
did not walk a batter in eight in-
nings. The single run he allowed,
in the fourth, came on a sacrifice
fly by Curtis Granderson.
Martin said that   in the 10th,
Long, the hitting coach, told him
to get out in front of A’s reliever
Sean Doolittle’s late-sinking fast-
balls. He fouled off the first one
but did not miss  the second. It
had not landed in the stands be-
fore he started celebrating.
“Off the bat, I thought I got all
of it,” Martin said. He paused and
smiled. “Yeah, I knew it was
gone.”
INSIDE PITCH
DEREK JETER 
laughed off the
suggestion that he might have
thoughts of playing elsewhere af-
ter an ESPN article quoted him as
saying he would be open to it. In
response to a question about 
PEY-
TON MANNING
and whether Jeter
might also someday change
teams, Jeter told ESPN: “If I
wanted to keep playing, yes. It’s a
business. People forget that.” On
Friday, Jeter maintained he was
merely answering a hypothetical
question. “I think it’s comical,” he
said. “I’ve told you guys time and
time again I can’t picture myself
playing anywhere else.” 
RAY STUBBLEBINE/REUTERS
Russell Martin after his game-ending homer in the 10th inning. The A’s had tied the score, 1-1, against Rafael Soriano in the ninth.
Sabathia Repairs Form; Martin Rescues Lead
YANKEES 2
ATHLETICS 1
10 innings 
By The Associated Press
Darwin Barney spoiled Chris
Carpenter’s season debut with a
two-run, game-tying homer with
two outs in the ninth inning, and
David DeJesus hit a game-ending
single in the 11th to help the Chi-
cago Cubs beat the St. Louis Car-
dinals,5-4,on Friday.
DeJesus hit an 0-2 pitch off Joe
Kelly (5-6) to right field to score
pinch-runner Brett Jackson.
Alberto Cabrera (1-1) struck
out two in a perfect 11th to earn
his first career victory.
The Cardinals’ loss allowed the
Milwaukee Brewers, who won at
Washington on Friday, to move
one and a half games behind St.
Louis in the race for the National
League’s second wild-card spot.
Carpenter, who had surgery
July 19 to relieve a nerve ailment
that caused numbness up and
down the right side of his body,
pitched five effective innings and
was in line for the win until Bar-
ney hit a 1-2 pitch from reliever
Fernando Salas into the left-field
bleachers.
The Cardinals’ regular closer,
Jason Motte, had pitched three
days in a row and four out of the
last five.
Carpenter threw 77 pitches, al-
lowing two runs and five hits. He
struck out two and walked one.
He had not pitched since winning
Game 7 of the World Series
against the Texas Rangers.
BREWERS 4, NATIONALS 2
Ryan
Braun and Aramis Ramirez had
consecutive run-scoring hits in
the ninth inning off Nationals
closer Tyler Clippard, and vis-
iting Milwaukee extended its sea-
son-high winning streak to six
games.
PHILLIES 6, BRAVES 2 
Kevin
Frandsen hit one of Philadel-
phia’s four homers to back Kyle
Kendrick, and host Philadelphia
inched closer in the playoff race.
Ryan Howard, Carlos Ruiz and
Chase Utley also homered for the
resurgent Phillies, who pulled to
three games behind St. Louis.
DODGERS 3, REDS 1
Matt Kemp’s
two-out single with the bases
loaded in the 10th inning denied
host Cincinnati its first chance to
clinch the N.L.Central.
The Dodgers moved two
games behind St. Louis. 
ASTROS 7, PIRATES 1
Jed Lowrie
hit a three-run homer for Hous-
ton at home,further dampening
the Pirates’  already dim post-
season hopes.Pittsburgh has lost
16 of 20 games in its late-season
swoon to fall to 74-76.
DIAMONDBACKS 15, ROCKIES 5
The rookie Wade Miley tossed six
innings for his 16th win,and
Chris Johnson homered among
his three hits and drove in three
runs for Arizona on the road.
Colorado needs to win five of
its remaining 12 games to avoid
losing 100 games for the first time
in the franchise’s 20-year history.
ORIOLES 4, RED SOX 2
Matt Wie-
ters drove in three runs, Miguel
Gonzalez pitched six and a third
innings and visiting Baltimore re-
mained one game behind the
Yankees in the American League
East. Baltimore broke a tie with
Oakland for the top wild card. 
RAYS 12, BLUE JAYS 1 
James
Shields pitched seven shutout in-
nings,and host Tampa Bay
scored runs in bunches to remain
in playoff contention.
Shields limited the Blue Jays to
six singles and struck out nine to
reach 200 strikeouts for the sec-
ond straight year. 
He fanned J.P. Arencibia lead-
ing off the second inning, giving
the Rays the A.L.single-season
record for strikeouts.
ROYALS 6, INDIANS 3
Luis Mendo-
za pitched six effective innings as
host Kansas City beat struggling
Cleveland.
The Indians have lost 40 of 52
games since July 26,when they
were 50-49 and trailed the A.L.
Central-leading White Sox by
three and a half games.
TWINS-TIGERS POSTPONED
The
Detroit Tigers’ game against the
Minnesota Twins was postponed
because of rain.The game will be
made up Sunday night as part of
a doubleheader.
NAM Y. HUH/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Matt Holliday after striking out in the 11th. The Cubs’ David
DeJesus singled in the winning run in the bottom of the inning.
ROUNDUP
Late Rally by Cubs Spoils
Carpenter’s Season Debut
and I believe that, under these
circumstances, the outcome is
appropriate, particularly for Mr.
Cabrera’s peers who are contend-
ing for the batting crown,” Selig
said in a statement. 
On some level, it is comforting
to know that a cheater cannot
take advantage of a rule techni-
cality to win a batting title. When
the rule was adopted in 1967, it
was done to benefit injured play-
ers, not drug users.
But Selig should not have ced-
ed any moral high ground to
Cabrera, whose elaborate fraud
included an attempt by Juan
Nunez — an employee of Cabre-
ra’s agents, Seth and Sam Levin-
son — to deceive an arbitrator by
concocting a fake Web site.
Cabrera, like Mark McGwire,
Alex Rodriguez and so many be-
fore him, stained his permanent
record, and he should not have
anything cleansed.
This episode recalls the 1991
decision, by a special committee
of the Hall of Fame, to essentially
bar Pete Rose from enshrine-
ment in Cooperstown. Rose re-
tired in 1986 and was banned for
gambling on baseball three years
later. Just as he was eligible to be
voted on by writers, the Hall of
Fame announced that any player
on the permanently ineligible list
would be excluded.
That rule seemed like damage
control, pre-empting the contro-
versy that would have accompa-
nied Rose’s possible election, and
so does this. But at least the Rose
rule was made permanent. For
now, the change to Rule 10.22 (a)
applies only to 2012. Baseball
must push to make this a perma-
nent rule, too.
Even so, it smacks of the his-
torical revisionism that baseball
had smartly avoided. Most fans
will overlook the nuances of the
revised rule — which hinges on a
single missing plate appearance
— and simply see baseball strip-
ping a cheater of an honor. From
there, as Selig himself said, more
problems are created than
solved.
Now that Cabrera cannot win
the batting title, can Jose Canse-
co no longer be credited as the
first man to hit 40 homers and
steal 40 bases in the same sea-
son? Can Rafael Palmeiro be re-
moved from the 3,000-hit/500-
homer club?Should all award
winners ever linked to perform-
ance-enhancing drugs be retro-
actively expunged from the hon-
or rolls?
That list would be disturbingly
long, including Rodriguez, Canse-
co, Roger Clemens, Barry Bonds,
Mo Vaughn, Ken Caminiti, Juan
Gonzalez, Sammy Sosa, Jason
Giambi, Miguel Tejada, Eric
Gagne, Ryan Braun and probably
others. 
It is naïve to think any drug
program could stop athletes de-
termined to cheat. But baseball’s
testing has caught some offend-
ers, who have lost salary and
playing time and their reputa-
tions. That is real punishment.
Altering a rule to deny a statis-
tical achievement might make
Cabrera and baseball feel better.
But nothing will ever change the
fact that Cabrera hit .346 this sea-
son, however he did it. Rewriting
history is pointless and impracti-
cal. Fans apply their own mental
asterisks, anyway.
Reversal on Cabrera
Doesn’t Change Facts 
From First Sports Page
METS             7
MARLINS       3 
D4
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
pockets inside-out and act like millionaire paupers, if General
Manager Sandy Alderson continued to let prime talent just
walk away, if our off-season acquisitions consisted of aging
men desperate for one more major league paycheck — we had
a genuine shot to be historically bad.
My sons, younger and thankfully less infected with my
cynicism, saw hope. Mike Pelfrey might harness his nasty sink-
er, Jon Niese might command his fastball, Bay might recover
his stroke and Lucas Duda might stroke homer after homer
deep into the periwinkle skies over Flushing Bay.
Damned if by midseason, my sons’ bet didn’t look good. I
predictably went weak in the knees, mumbling about 80, even
85 wins, maybe Duda hits 30 homers, maybe a wild-card playoff
spot beckons. We made plans to take in a game or three.
At which point the Mets promptly and profoundly col-
lapsed. This was not subtle. Roofs fell in, floors fell away. And
now here we are in September.
What’s our choice? To root for the triumphalist Yankees is
to describe an impossibility, like walking through Manhattan
chanting:“Goldman Sachs! Goldman Sachs!” Instead, we
adopt the mien of Scottish highlanders facing the English army
— loss is assured, but let’s go out with panache and a touch of
humor.
As it happens, this night and the next one, the Mets pitch-
ers offer a glimmer of hope. Dickey’s pitches come out of his
hand fluttering and dipping like drunken butterflies.
If only someone on our team could hit.
We walk upstairs to the mezzanine. There’s a Nathan’s Hot
Dog stand with the green metal gate pulled tight, and a horse-
shoe bar with all the taps turned off.
A season beyond drink is lost beyond calculation.
Two stadium security guys are watching the Monday night
football game on the overhead television. They jerk their
thumbs toward another set of stairs. 
“You think this is bad? Check upstairs.”
So we trudge upstairs to the top ring of Wilpon hell, the
promenade. I came here that first year the stadium opened in
2009, stood in the long lines for Box Frites and the tacos at
Mama’s of Corona. It was joyous, even if the Mets had in fact
collapsed the previous two years and, in 2009, would implode
utterly. (I’m realizing the good news part of this narrative is
lacking).
Now the promenade is Tombstone, Ariz., come to Flushing
Bay. Mama must be home sleeping in Corona, because her
place is shuttered. As is Box Frites, as is Blue Smoke, as is the
fried-dough joint.
I walk across the empty and windswept plaza and talk to a
voluble young man working for one of the few open vendors.
“Slow? The game of baseball is slow enough, and then you
work here,” he says. “I’m a sports fan, but this is really de-
pressing and I really don’t mind telling you that.”
He’s warming to his subject. As with most New Yorkers,
it’s as if he has waited all his life to give a quote. “Every year,
this beautiful stadium, it’s like the same movie: We’re on the
Titanic and you know we’re going to hit that iceberg.”
We wander downstairs and find a grooved-out box-seat
usher who is dancing and shimmying, although she has no
headset and nothing is playing on the loudspeaker. Whatever.
We slip by her and take our pick of 100 empty seats behind the
first-base dugout.
We’re just in time to watch the manager pull Dickey for a
pinch-hitter. His chances of winning 20 games officially are on
life support; you want to page Manager Terry Collins and point
out that Dickey has a better chance to get a hit than any of the
Ghandian hitters on the Mets’ bench. 
The how and why of my Mets fandom is about bloodlines.
My father was a Boston Braves fan, and he and my mother
adopted the National League’s New York Giants when they
moved here in the early 1950s. The Giants left, the Mets took
birth.
I passed these loyalties on to my sons, God help them. 
The “Game of Thrones” theme song starts throbbing on
the loudspeaker and my son Nick starts hooting. What up,
dude?
“I’m the president and C.E.O. of the Mike Nickeas fan club
and he’s at bat,” he tells me. My son’s excitement qualifies as
disturbing, and I blame myself. When you raise boys in such
sporting conditions — Mets, Jets, Knicks — you risk incalcula-
ble harm, not the least that they’ll end up hooting on a chill
September night for a fourth-string catcher hitting .175.
Nickeas does not get a hit. 
“I have a lot of faith in the Wilpons,” Commissioner Bud
Selig told Newsday’s Marc Carig on Wednesday. “I have a lot
of faith in Sandy Alderson.” He went on: “I’m very confident
about the Mets. Very confident.”
The Mets have, after a fashion, constructed a very 21st-
century New York team. Crony capitalism by Flushing Bay,
with Selig in the role of crony enabler. As Bob Murphy, the de-
parted Mets play-by-play man might say, here’s the sad recap:
The Wilpons entrusted massive piles of their boodle to Bernie
Madoff, a great guy they would have trusted with their lives.
Some of that money vaporizes and a lot of people eye the Wil-
pons suspiciously.
Now the Wilpons, who wear sweaters and expensive sun-
The sense of inhabiting a lunatic asylum with like-minded lunatics, 
m
of the 1970s and the early 1980s, as the events played out far below the gene
r
Turn Out
The Lights
On the Mets
From First Sports Page
Michael Powell writes the Gotham column in The New York
Times. 
‘Greatest seats in house, view of
field and of the bay, and the beer
guy even came up here for us. 
We thought we’d have to send 
up smoke signals to get one.’
STEVE FORNATALE, 
sitting in the upper deck at Citi Field
glasses that sometimes remind me of Bebe Rebozo, claim they no
longer have enough money to sign their own free agents, much
less dangle a reasonable offer to a semi-reasonable player from
another team. They could sell the team of course, as this is New
York and there are approximately 1,789 hedge funders who would
view owning the Mets as better than Viagra.
But Selig insists that all is well with his friends the Wilpons
and refuses to pressure them. Of late, management has crafted a
fascinating sub-specialty in running down its players. Last year,
Fred Wilpon gave an interview to The New Yorker and mocked
David Wright, the team’s putative star. Then unnamed somebod-
ies ran down Reyes, suggesting the shortstop could not play in
pain after he had played in a lot of pain. They pulled the same kid-
ney punch on Carlos Beltran, the slugging center fielder.
This past week some unnamed somebody even ran down Ike
Davis, the sweet-fielding, power-hitting hope of the Mets. He hap-
pens also to be Jewish, which in New York is like hitting the daily
double. He could be gone next year.
With all of this in mind, two nights later, we watch Daniel
Murphy — one of the Mets’ keepers — start back on a fly ball. He
goes back, and back, and back, until the fly ball almost hits him
on the back before plopping to the ground. No one boos. Murphy
is like that overeager kid you’ve known since first grade; he just
does that sort of thing. 
The next batter hits a grounder, giving Murphy a shot at re-
demption. Tejada shovels to Murphy, who pivots and ... releases
the ball from somewhere behind his right ear, soaring a good cou-
ple feet over the top of Davis’s outstretched glove hand.
Murphy shuffles back into position, head down. I motion to a
vendor: Could I have another Bud Light? 
“Excuse me.”
A big guy in a Jimmy Rollins Phillies jersey leans over to-
ward us. Keith Collins is a Phillies fan, and in a real competitive
ballpark, he might take some mild abuse for being decked out in
Phillies red. Not here.
“Explain this to me,” he asks, almost earnestly. “I used to
hate this team when they were good. How could they be so bad?”
Look, I can’t talk, we got to go. 
I just counted the upper deck, from the left-field foul pole to
the end, thousands of seats, and I figured 108 fans, give or take
one or two. I spotted three sitting as far from home plate as is
possible while remaining in New York. We walk up there.
Why?I say to the three fans, Tim Greene, his sister Eileen
and Steve Fornatale. 
“Greatest seats in house, view of field and of the bay, and the
beer guy even came up here for us,” Fornatale says. “We thought
we’d have to send up smoke signals to get one.”
You ever rethink your loyalties? I know the answer by now;
they’re helpless.
“I started up in the early 1980s, right after the Mets got Moo-
kie,” says Tim Greene. “Then they got the Kid, and Hernandez
and Dwight, and we were really good.”
“Yeah, for a week at least,” adds a friend.
Ladies and gentlemen, let’s hear it for America’s No. 1 mas-
cot: Mr. Met!
Only the happy talk makes me feel as if I’m going to lose my
mind. The sense of inhabiting a lunatic asylum with like-minded
lunatics, most of them sweet-tempered, is fine. I grew up here in
the horrible, very bad losing days of the 1970s and the early 1980s,
sitting high and high in general admission seats. By the seventh
inning, Shea Stadium often acquired a nice glow.
But the magic facts drive you slightly nuts. The baritone sta-
dium announcer gives the “official” attendance figure, which is
some obvious cubed multiple of reality. Let’s say 21,000 when
there are perhaps 3,400 of us, counting the ushers and grounds
crew.
It’s the nightly late-game fantasy,and it occasions a sort of
stadium-wide chuckle.
On Wednesday night, it feels a little different, at least for a
while. Pitcher Matt Harvey, the oh so intense young stud, tosses
BBs and offers genuine hope for the future. (I’m a Mets fan;
please at least humor me.)
This time, I walk into the box seats behind third base, and
find Sean Emery of Windsor Terrace and Alan Yau of Jackson
Heights. They are true, chattering, knowledgeable and lifelong
Mets fans. They know their OBP from their OPS.
And the Mets are coming on. Two-hitting the Phillies until
the ninth. Now manager Collins has brought in Josh Edgin, a big
stocky left-handed relief pitcher with a heavy fastball. He puts
down one, another, and then up comes Chase Utley, the Phillies’
second baseman.
“Edgin, man, I really like this guy, really,” says Yau.
“He could be our closer next year,” says Emery.
I’m there with them: how many nights, how many kids with
big upsides in the dying days of another lost season, have given
me hope? Absolutely, I like Edgin, I tell them. And I do. Utley
walks.
Ryan Howard steps to the plate. Edgin stares in, fearless,
and hums a 93-mile-per-hour fastball. Howard, a massive man,
unleashes his swing. Yau and Emery moan. Maybe I do,too.
For just a moment I think: Do I root for the Mets,or do I root
for my story’s losing narrative? Howard makes the question
moot.
The narrative lands high and deep in the right-field stands.
o
f them sweet-tempered, is fine. In the horrible, very bad losing days
m
ission seats Shea Stadium often acquired a nice glowby the seventh inning.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ø
N
D5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
D6
ØØ
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
S C O R E B OA R D
BASEBALL
METS SCHEDULE
All Times EDT
Sept. 22 Miami, 1:10 p.m.
Sept. 23 Miami, 1:10 p.m.
Sept. 24 Pittsburgh, 7:10 p.m.
Sept. 25 Pittsburgh, 7:10 p.m.
Sept. 26 Pittsburgh, 7:10 p.m.
Sept. 27 Pittsburgh, 1:10 p.m.
A.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Yankees 87 63 .580 —
Baltimore 86 64 .573 1
Tampa Bay 81 70 .536 6
{
Boston 68 84 .447 20
Toronto 66 83 .443 20
{
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 81 68 .544 —
Detroit 79 70 .530 2
Kansas City 69 81 .460 12
{
Minnesota 62 88 .413 19
{
Cleveland 62 89 .411 20
West W L Pct GB
Texas 89 60 .597 —
Oakland 85 65 .567 4
{
Los Angeles 81 69 .540 8
{
Seattle 70 80 .467 19
{
FRIDAY
Yankees 2, Oakland 1, 10 innings
Minnesota at Detroit, ppd., rain
Baltimore 4, Boston 2
Tampa Bay 12, Toronto 1
Kansas City 6, Cleveland 3
Chicago White Sox at L.A. Angels
Texas at Seattle
SATURDAY
 1:10 Miami (Buehrle (L), 13-12, 3.78) 
at Mets (Dickey (R), 18-6, 2.67)
 1:05 Milwaukee (Peralta (R), 2-0, 2.14) 
at Washington (Gonzalez (L), 19-8, 2.95)
 1:05 St. Louis (Wainwrght (R), 13-13, 
3.97) at Chicago (Wood (L), 6-12, 4.25)
 4:05 Atlanta (Minor (L), 9-10, 4.31) at 
Philadelphia (Halladay (R), 10-7, 4.03)
 4:05 Los Angeles (Fife (R), 0-1, 2.49) at 
Cincinnati (Latos (R), 12-4, 3.76)
 7:05 Pittsburgh (Correia (R), 11-9, 
4.09) at Houston (Keuchel (L), 2-7, 4.97)
 8:10 Arizona (Corbin (L), 6-7, 4.02) at 
Colorado (Chacin (R), 2-5, 4.58)
 9:05 San Diego (Werner (L), 2-1, 3.68) at 
San Francisco (Bumgarner (L), 15-10, 3.26)
SATURDAY
 1:05 Oakland (Blackley (L), 5-3, 3.65) at 
Yankees (Nova (R), 12-7, 4.85)
 1:10 Baltimore (Wolf (L), 5-10, 5.66) at 
Boston (Cook (R), 4-10, 4.93)
 4:05 Minnesota (Diamond (L), 11-8, 
3.69) at Detroit (Fister (R), 9-9, 3.65)
 7:10 Toronto (Morrow (R), 8-6, 2.98) at 
Tampa Bay (Moore (L), 10-11, 3.88)
 7:10 Cleveland (Jimenez (R), 9-16, 
5.43) at Kansas City (Smith (L), 5-8, 5.08)
 9:05 Chicago (Quintana (L), 6-4, 3.69) 
at Los Angeles (Haren (R), 11-11, 4.41)
 9:10 Texas (Harrison (L), 17-9, 3.26) at 
Seattle (Beavan (R), 9-10, 4.88)
N.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
z-Washington 91 59 .607 —
Atlanta 86 65 .570 5
{
Philadelphia 77 74 .510 14
{
Mets 67 83 .447 24
Miami 66 85 .437 25
{
Central W L Pct GB
z-Cincinnati 91 60 .603 —
St. Louis 80 71 .530 11
Milwaukee 78 72 .520 12
{
Pittsburgh 74 76 .493 16
{
Chicago 59 92 .391 32
Houston 49 102 .325 42
West W L Pct GB
San Francisco 87 63 .580 —
Los Angeles 78 73 .517 9
{
Arizona 75 75 .500 12
San Diego 72 78 .480 15
Colorado 58 92 .387 29
z-clinched playoff berth
FRIDAY
Mets 7, Miami 3
Chicago Cubs 5, St. Louis 4, 11 inn.
Philadelphia 6, Atlanta 2
Milwaukee 4, Washington 2
L.A. Dodgers 3, Cincinnati 1, 10 inn.
Houston 7, Pittsburgh 1
Arizona 15, Colorado 5
San Diego at San Francisco
A.L. WILD-CARD STANDINGS
(Top 2 teams qualify)
 W L Pct WCGB
Baltimore 85 64 .570 +1
Oakland 85 65 .567 —
Los Angeles 81 69 .540 4
N.L. WILD-CARD STANDINGS
(Top 2 teams qualify)
 W L Pct WCGB
Atlanta 86 65 .570 +6
St. Louis 80 71 .530 —
Milwaukee 78 72 .520 1
{
Los Angeles 78 73 .517 2
Philadelphia 77 74 .510 3
GOLF
TOUR CHAMPIONSHIP
East Lake Golf Club
ATLANTA
Purse: $8 million
Yardage: 7,319; Par 70
Second Round
Jim Furyk. . . . . . . . . . . .69-64—133 -7
Justin Rose  . . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -6
Bubba Watson  . . . . . . . .69-66—135 -5
Bo Van Pelt  . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -5
Dustin Johnson. . . . . . . .69-67—136 -4
Matt Kuchar . . . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -4
Rory McIlroy. . . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -3
Robert Garrigus. . . . . . . .68-69—137 -3
Zach Johnson. . . . . . . . .68-69—137 -3
Carl Pettersson. . . . . . . .71-67—138 -2
Brandt Snedeker. . . . . . .68-70—138 -2
Webb Simpson  . . . . . . . .71-68—139 -1
Rickie Fowler  . . . . . . . . .71-68—139 -1
Ryan Moore  . . . . . . . . . .69-70—139 -1
Tiger Woods. . . . . . . . . .66-73—139 -1
Luke Donald. . . . . . . . . .71-69—140 E
John Senden. . . . . . . . . .72-68—140 E
Jason Dufner  . . . . . . . . .70-70—140 E
Phil Mickelson. . . . . . . . .69-71—140 E
Steve Stricker. . . . . . . . .67-73—140 E
Scott Piercy . . . . . . . . . .67-73—140 E
Louis Oosthuizen. . . . . . .70-71—141 +1
Hunter Mahan. . . . . . . . .68-73—141 +1
Adam Scott  . . . . . . . . . .68-73—141 +1
Sergio Garcia  . . . . . . . . .69-73—142 +2
Keegan Bradley. . . . . . . .70-73—143 +3
John Huh. . . . . . . . . . . .74-70—144 +4
Lee Westwood  . . . . . . . .72-73—145 +5
PRO FOOTBALL
N.F.L. STANDINGS
AMERICAN CONFERENCE
East W L T Pct PF PA
Jets 1 1 0 .500 58 55
N. England 1 1 0 .500 52 33
Miami 1 1 0 .500 45 43
Buffalo 1 1 0 .500 63 65
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 2 0 0 1.000 57 17
Indianapolis 1 1 0 .500 44 61
Tennessee 0 2 0 .000 23 72
Jacksonville 0 2 0 .000 30 53
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 1 1 0 .500 67 37
Cincinnati 1 1 0 .500 47 71
Pittsburgh 1 1 0 .500 46 41
Cleveland 0 2 0 .000 43 51
West W L T Pct PF PA
San Diego 2 0 0 1.000 60 24
Denver 1 1 0 .500 52 46
Kansas City 0 2 0 .000 41 75
Oakland 0 2 0 .000 27 57
NATIONAL CONFERENCE
East W L T Pct PF PA
Phila. 2 0 0 1.000 41 39
Giants 2 1 0 .667 94 65
Dallas 1 1 0 .500 31 44
Washington 1 1 0 .500 68 63
South W L T Pct PF PA
Atlanta 2 0 0 1.000 67 45
Tampa Bay 1 1 0 .500 50 51
Carolina 1 2 0 .333 52 79
New Orleans 0 2 0 .000 59 75
North W L T Pct PF PA
Green Bay 1 1 0 .500 45 40
Detroit 1 1 0 .500 46 50
Minnesota 1 1 0 .500 46 46
Chicago 1 1 0 .500 51 44
West W L T Pct PF PA
Arizona 2 0 0 1.000 40 34
San Fran. 2 0 0 1.000 57 41
St. Louis 1 1 0 .500 54 55
Seattle 1 1 0 .500 43 27
THURSDAY 
Giants 36, Carolina 7
SUNDAY 
Jets at Miami, 1
Tampa Bay at Dallas, 1
St. Louis at Chicago, 1
San Francisco at Minnesota, 1
Detroit at Tennessee, 1
Kansas City at New Orleans, 1
Cincinnati at Washington, 1
Buffalo at Cleveland, 1
Jacksonville at Indianapolis, 1
Philadelphia at Arizona, 4:05
Atlanta at San Diego, 4:05
Pittsburgh at Oakland, 4:25
Houston at Denver, 4:25
New England at Baltimore, 8:20
MONDAY 
Green Bay at Seattle, 8:30
SOCCER
M.L.S. STANDINGS
EAST W L T Pts GF GA
Sporting KC 16 7 6 54 37 25
Chicago 15 8 5 50 40 33
New York 14 8 7 49 49 42
D.C. 14 10 5 47 46 39
Houston 12 7 10 46 41 34
Columbus 13 10 6 45 35 35
Montreal 12 15 3 39 44 49
New England 7 15 7 28 36 40
Philadelphia 7 14 6 27 26 32
Toronto FC 5 17 7 22 32 51
WEST W L T Pts GF GA
x-San Jose 17 6 6 57 60 35
Seattle 13 6 9 48 44 29
Los Angeles 14 11 4 46 50 40
Real Salt Lake 14 11 4 46 38 33
Vancouver 10 12 7 37 29 38
FC Dallas 9 12 9 36 35 38
Colorado 9 18 2 29 36 43
Portland 7 14 8 29 30 49
Chivas USA 7 14 7 28 21 44
x- clinched playoff berth
Saturday’s Games
Sporting Kansas City at Montreal, 1:30 p.m.
New York at New England, 7:30 p.m.
Portland at Real Salt Lake, 8 p.m.
Columbus at Chicago, 8:30 p.m.
San Jose at Seattle FC, 10:30 p.m.
Toronto FC at Los Angeles, 10:30 p.m.
CUBS 5, CARDINALS 4
St. Louis ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jay cf 6 1 2 0 0 1 .308
Beltran rf 5 1 0 0 0 2 .266
Holliday lf 3 0 1 0 2 1 .298
Craig 1b 4 0 1 1 0 0 .307
Y.Molina c 4 0 1 1 1 0 .321
M.Carpenter 3b 4 1 1 0 1 0 .296
Kozma ss 4 1 1 0 1 1 .256
Descalso 2b 5 0 1 1 0 1 .220
C.Carpenter p 2 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Bry.Anderson ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .250
S.Miller p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
S.Freeman p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Rosenthal p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Freese ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 .295
Mujica p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Salas p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Schumaker ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .281
J.Kelly p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .152
Totals 39 4 8 3 6 7
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
DeJesus cf 6 2 4 1 0 0 .266
Barney 2b 5 2 2 3 0 0 .268
Rizzo 1b 4 0 1 0 1 0 .295
A.Soriano lf 5 0 1 1 0 1 .259
S.Castro ss 5 0 1 0 0 1 .284
Valbuena 3b 5 0 2 0 0 1 .220
W.Castillo c 4 0 2 0 0 1 .282
B.Jackson pr 0 1 0 0 0 0 .168
Sappelt rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .263
Volstad p 2 0 0 0 0 0 .185
Socolovich p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
LaHair ph 0 0 0 0 0 0 .257
Vitters ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .107
Bowden p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Russell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Camp p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Campana ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .260
Marmol p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Al.Cabrera p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Clevenger ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .206
Totals 43 5 13 5 1 7
St. Louis 101 100 010 00—4 8 0
Chicago 002 000 002 01—5 13 0
LOB—St Louis 11, Chicago 9. 2B—Jay (17), 
Holliday (35), Descalso (10), A.Soriano (31). 
3B—Kozma (3), DeJesus (8). HR—Barney 
(7), off Salas. RBIs—Craig (87), Y.Molina 
(69), Descalso (23), DeJesus (48), Barney 3 
(43), A.Soriano (104). SB—Kozma (2). 
St. Louis ip h r er bb so np era
C.Carpenter 5 5 2 2 1 2 77 3.60
S.Miller H1 
Î/¯
 2 0 0 0 0 13 2.70
S.Freeman H2 1 1 0 0 0 1 25 5.71
Rosenthal H3 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 1 3.57
Mujica H28 1 1 0 0 0 1 16 3.19
Salas BS3-3 1 2 2 2 0 1 14 4.26
J.Kelly L5-7 1
Î/¯
 2 1 1 0 2 25 3.62
Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
Volstad 5 6 3 3 3 0 116 6.22
Socolovich 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 5.40
Bowden 1 0 0 0 1 0 14 3.52
Russell 1 2 1 1 1 2 26 3.50
Camp 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 3.41
Marmol 1 0 0 0 1 1 16 3.51
Al.Cabrera W1-1 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 5.30
T—4:01. A—29,100 (41,009).
PRO BASKETBALL
W.N.B.A. STANDINGS
EASTERN CONFERENCE
 W L Pct GB
x-Connecticut 24 9 .727 —
x-Indiana 21 12 .636 3
x-Atlanta 19 14 .576 5
New York 14 19 .424 10
Chicago 13 20 .394 11
Washington 5 28 .152 19
WESTERN CONFERENCE
 W L Pct GB
z-Minnesota 27 6 .818 —
x-Los Angeles 24 10 .706 3
{
x-San Antonio 20 13 .606 7
x-Seattle 15 18 .455 12
Tulsa 9 23 .281 17
{
Phoenix 7 26 .212 20
x-clinched playoff spot  z-clinched conference
Friday's Games
Indiana 66, Washington 53
Minnesota 89, Phoenix 66
Seattle 84, San Antonio 75
N.F.L. INJURY REPORT
JETS AT MIAMI
JETS: OUT: T Dennis Landolt (knee). 
DOUBTFUL: RB John Conner (knee), 
LB Bryan Thomas (hamstring). 
QUESTIONABLE: TE Dustin Keller 
(hamstring), CB Ellis Lankster (low back). 
PROBABLE: LB Nick Bellore (shoulder), 
DE Quinton Coples (illness), CB Antonio 
Cromartie (shoulder), DE Mike DeVito (calf), 
DT Kenrick Ellis (illness), S LaRon Landry 
(heel), C Nick Mangold (wrist), G Brandon 
Moore (hip), LB Calvin Pace (Achilles), 
DT Sione Po'uha (low back), CB Darrelle 
Revis (concussion), QB Mark Sanchez 
(low back), WR Chaz Schilens (ankle), LB 
Bart Scott (knee), S Eric Smith (hip, knee), 
CB Isaiah Trufant (ankle), DE Muhammad 
Wilkerson (not injury related).: MIAMI: OUT: 
DT Tony McDaniel (knee). DOUBTFUL: WR 
Marlon Moore (hamstring). PROBABLE: 
WR Anthony Armstrong (hamstring), LB 
Kevin Burnett (foot), LB Jonathan Freeny 
(thumb), CB Richard Marshall (back), RB 
Lamar Miller (ankle), LB Koa Misi (foot), DE 
Jared Odrick (thumb), RB Daniel Thomas 
(concussion), S Jimmy Wilson (back).
TENNIS
MOSELLE OPEN
Les Arenes de Metz
METZ, FRANCE
Singles Quarterfinals
Andreas Seppi (5), Italy, d. Florian Mayer 
(4), Germany, 7-5, 6-2. Gael Monfils 
(7), France, d. Philipp Kohlschreiber (2), 
Germany, 6-7 (3), 6-4, 6-4. Jo-Wilfried 
Tsonga (1), France, d. Jesse Levine, United 
States, 6-3, 6-4. Nikolay Davydenko (8), 
Russia, d. Ivo Karlovic, Croatia, 6-7 (5), 7-6 
(6), 6-0.
KOREA OPEN
Olympic Park
SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
Singles Quarterfinals
Caroline Wozniacki (1), Denmark, d. Klara 
Zakopalova (7), Czech Republic, 6-2, 6-3. 
Ekaterina Makarova (8), Russia, d. Maria 
Jose Martinez Sanchez, Spain 6-1, 6-1. 
Varvara Lepchenko (6), United States, d. 
Tamira Paszek, Austria, 4-6, 7-6 (3), 6-4. 
Kaia Kanepi (3), Estonia, d. Kiki Bertens, 
Netherlands, 6-4, 6-4.
L.P.G.A. CLASSIC
Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail, Capitol 
Hill, The Senator
PRATTVILLE, ALA.
Purse: $1.3 million
Yardage: 6,607; Par 72
Second Round
Lexi Thompson . . . . . . . .63-69—132 -12
Mi Jung Hur. . . . . . . . . .68-65—133 -11
Mindy Kim  . . . . . . . . . . .68-65—133 -11
Dori Carter. . . . . . . . . . .67-67—134 -10
Hee Young Park  . . . . . . .65-69—134 -10
Lizette Salas. . . . . . . . . .65-69—134 -10
Gerina Piller  . . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -9
Lorie Kane . . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -9
Sydnee Michaels. . . . . . .67-68—135 -9
Angela Stanford. . . . . . . .67-68—135 -9
Jennifer Johnson. . . . . . .71-65—136 -8
Natalie Gulbis. . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8
Alena Sharp . . . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -8
Stacy Lewis  . . . . . . . . . .66-70—136 -8
Meena Lee. . . . . . . . . . .70-67—137 -7
Karin Sjodin  . . . . . . . . . .70-67—137 -7
Nicole Castrale  . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -7
Jennifer Rosales  . . . . . . .69-68—137 -7
Alison Walshe. . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -7
Vicky Hurst. . . . . . . . . . .68-69—137 -7
Azahara Munoz. . . . . . . .72-66—138 -6
Haeji Kang. . . . . . . . . . .70-68—138 -6
Pernilla Lindberg. . . . . . .70-68—138 -6
ORIOLES 4, RED SOX 2
Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg.
McLouth lf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .284
Hardy ss 5 1 1 0 0 2 .236
Ad.Jones cf 3 2 2 0 1 1 .288
Wieters c 4 1 2 3 0 0 .250
Mar.Reynolds 1b 4 0 2 1 0 1 .231
Ford dh 3 0 0 0 1 0 .164
Machado 3b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .257
En.Chavez rf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .204
Andino 2b 2 0 2 0 1 0 .213
Quintanilla pr-2b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .235
Totals 34 4 10 4 3 5
Boston ab r h bi bb so avg.
Ciriaco 3b 4 1 2 1 0 0 .297
Podsednik cf 4 0 2 0 0 0 .300
Pedroia 2b 4 0 1 1 0 0 .286
C.Ross rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .272
Lavarnway c 4 0 0 0 0 0 .171
Saltalamacchia dh 3 0 0 0 1 0 .227
Loney 1b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .241
Nava lf 4 1 2 0 0 1 .243
Iglesias ss 3 0 1 0 0 0 .143
M.Gomez ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .305
Totals 35 2 8 2 1 4
Baltimore 000 202 000—4 10 0
Boston 001 010 000—2 8 0
LOB—Baltimore 7, Boston 7. 2B—Ad.Jones 
(36), Wieters (24), Ciriaco (13), Nava (19). 
RBIs—Wieters 3 (82), Mar.Reynolds (66), 
Ciriaco (19), Pedroia (63).  DP—Boston 3
Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era
GonzalezW7-4 6
Í/¯
 7 2 2 1 3 101 3.52
O'Day H11 1
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 15 2.37
Johnson S46-49 1 1 0 0 0 1 20 2.69
Boston ip h r er bb so np era
Lester L9-13 7 8 4 4 3 3 112 4.96
Atchison 1 1 0 0 0 1 18 1.64
Melancon 1 1 0 0 0 1 19 6.80
T—3:00. A—37,731 (37,495).
YANKEES 2, ATHLETICS 1
Oakland ab r h bi bb so avg.
Cowgill cf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .269
Pennington 2b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .215
J.Gomes dh 3 0 0 0 1 1 .256
Reddick rf 5 0 0 0 0 4 .248
Cespedes lf-cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .290
Carter 1b 2 0 0 0 1 1 .244
Moss ph-1b 1 1 1 1 0 0 .266
Donaldson 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .240
D.Norris c 3 0 0 0 1 1 .189
Crisp pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .251
Kottaras c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .224
Drew ss 3 0 2 0 1 0 .228
Rosales 2b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .225
S.Smith ph-lf 1 0 0 0 0 1 .249
Totals 34 1 4 1 4 13
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter dh 4 0 1 0 0 2 .323
Swisher rf-1b 4 1 1 0 0 0 .258
Cano 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .297
Al.Rodriguez 3b 4 0 2 0 0 1 .275
Granderson cf 3 0 0 1 0 3 .232
R.Martin c 4 1 1 1 0 0 .206
Er.Chavez 1b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .277
Dickerson lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .250
I.Suzuki lf-rf 3 0 2 0 0 0 .281
E.Nunez ss 3 0 1 0 0 1 .284
Totals 32 2 8 2 0 9
Oakland 000 000 001 0—1 4 0
New York 000 100 000 1—2 8 0
LOB—Oakland 8, New York 4. HR—
Moss (19), off R.Soriano; R.Martin (18), off 
Doolittle. RBIs—Moss (41), Granderson 
(94), R.Martin (48). SB—Crisp (35), I.Suzuki 
(26), E.Nunez (11). SF—Granderson.  DP—
Oakland 1
Oakland ip h r er bb so np era
J.Parker 8 6 1 1 0 7 104 3.40
Doolittle L1-1 1 2 1 1 0 2 16 3.40
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Sabathia 8 3 0 0 2 11 113 3.47
Soriano BS4-46 1 1 1 1 2 1 29 2.10
Robertson W2-7 1 0 0 0 0 1 16 2.88
HBP—by Sabathia (J.Gomes). 
T—3:02. A—40,759 (50,291).
RAYS 12, BLUE JAYS 1
Toronto ab r h bi bb so avg.
Lawrie 3b 3 0 1 0 0 1 .274
McCoy 3b 1 0 0 0 0 1 .176
Rasmus cf 4 1 2 0 0 1 .228
Encarnacion dh 2 0 1 0 1 1 .281
Y.Escobar ph-dh 1 0 1 0 0 0 .252
Lind 1b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .237
Y.Gomes 1b 1 0 1 1 0 0 .186
Arencibia c 4 0 0 0 0 2 .223
K.Johnson 2b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .224
R.Davis rf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .241
Hechavarria ss 4 0 1 0 0 0 .250
Gose lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .210
Totals 35 1 9 1 1 11
Tampa Bay ab r h bi bb so avg.
De.Jennings lf 5 0 0 0 0 1 .251
E.Johnson ss 0 0 0 0 0 0 .243
B.Upton cf 4 1 1 0 0 0 .250
Thompson cf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .091
Zobrist ss 3 2 2 1 1 0 .268
B.Francisco ph-lf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .242
Longoria 3b 4 2 3 0 0 0 .284
R.Roberts 2b 1 0 1 0 0 0 .219
Joyce rf 3 1 0 1 2 1 .247
Keppinger 2b 3 2 3 1 1 0 .327
Brignac 3b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .095
Scott dh 4 2 2 4 1 1 .227
C.Pena 1b 5 1 2 2 0 1 .198
J.Molina c 4 1 2 3 0 1 .210
Vogt c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 39 12 16 12 5 5
Toronto 000 000 010—1 9 0
Tampa Bay 142 104 00x—12 16 0
LOB—Toronto 8, Tampa Bay 8. 2B—Y.
Gomes (4), B.Upton (27), Longoria (12), 
R.Roberts (9), Scott 2 (21), J.Molina (9). 
3B—C.Pena (2). HR—Zobrist (18), off 
Villanueva; J.Molina (7), off Villanueva. 
RBIs—Y.Gomes (11), Zobrist (71), Joyce 
(55), Keppinger (35), Scott 4 (54), C.Pena 
2 (57), J.Molina 3 (29). DP—Toronto 1; 
Tampa Bay 1
Toronto ip h r er bb so np era
Villanueva L7-6 2
Í/¯
 8 7 7 2 0 60 3.88
Beck 2
Î/¯
 3 1 1 2 1 40 6.35
D.Carpenter 1 4 4 4 1 1 30 43.20
Loup 1 1 0 0 0 1 16 3.08
Janssen 1 0 0 0 0 2 9 2.61
Tampa Bay ip h r er bb so np era
Shields W15-9 7 6 0 0 1 9 105 3.65
B.Gomes 1 3 1 1 0 1 27 5.40
D.De La Rosa 1 0 0 0 0 1 7 12.60
T—2:56. A—14,187 (34,078).
PHILLIES 6, BRAVES 2
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourn cf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .272
Prado ss 4 0 2 0 0 0 .301
Heyward rf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .271
C.Jones 3b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .294
F.Freeman 1b 3 1 0 0 1 1 .263
Uggla 2b 4 1 2 0 0 0 .218
McCann c 4 0 0 1 0 1 .230
Constanza lf 3 0 1 1 0 0 .267
Hanson p 2 0 0 0 0 0 .021
Gearrin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Overbay ph 0 0 0 0 0 0 .266
Re.Johnson ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .298
Avilan p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .333
Totals 33 2 6 2 1 9
Philadelphia ab r h bi bb so avg.
Rollins ss 4 0 0 0 0 2 .252
Pierre lf 3 1 1 0 0 0 .318
Bastardo p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Kratz ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .254
Papelbon p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Utley 2b 3 2 1 2 1 0 .267
Howard 1b 4 1 1 1 0 2 .228
Ruiz c 3 1 2 2 1 1 .331
D.Brown rf-lf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .248
Mayberry cf 3 0 0 0 0 2 .257
Frandsen 3b 3 1 1 1 0 0 .329
K.Kendrick p 1 0 0 0 1 1 .152
Horst p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Wigginton ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .233
Schierholtz rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .242
Totals 29 6 6 6 3 8
Atlanta 010 000 100—2 6 0
Philadelphia 101 201 01x—6 6 0
LOB—Atlanta 5, Philadelphia 2. 2B—Uggla 
2 (28). 3B—Pierre (6). HR—Frandsen (2), 
off Hanson; Howard (13), off Hanson; Ruiz 
(15), off Hanson; Utley (11), off Avilan. 
RBIs—McCann (67), Constanza (4), Utley 
2 (40), Howard (54), Ruiz 2 (62), Frandsen 
(13). SB—Utley (9). DP—Atlanta 1
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Hanson L12-9 5
Í/¯
 4 5 5 3 5 73 4.46
Gearrin 
Î/¯
 1 0 0 0 1 9 1.62
Avilan 2 1 1 1 0 2 27 2.25
Philadelphia ip h r er bb so np era
KendrickW10-11 6
Î/¯
 5 2 2 1 6 98 3.89
Horst H4 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 2 1.09
Bastardo H23 1 1 0 0 0 2 15 4.47
Papelbon 1 0 0 0 0 1 17 2.33
T—2:36. A—44,052 (43,651).
DODGERS 3, REDS 1
Los Angeles ab r h bi bb so avg.
M.Ellis 2b 4 0 0 0 1 0 .262
Ethier rf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .285
Kemp cf 5 0 3 2 0 0 .307
Ad.Gonzalez 1b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .243
H.Ramirez ss 4 1 1 0 0 1 .252
L.Cruz 3b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .296
J.Rivera lf 2 0 0 1 0 1 .240
E.Herrera pr-lf 0 1 0 0 0 0 .249
A.Ellis c 3 1 0 0 0 0 .264
Blanton p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .075
Choate p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Sh.Tolleson p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Jansen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
B.Abreu ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .242
Belisario p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Punto ph 0 0 0 0 0 0 .263
League p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 35 3 7 3 1 6
Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg.
B.Phillips 2b 5 0 0 0 0 1 .284
Cozart ss 4 0 0 0 0 2 .241
D.Navarro ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .280
Votto 1b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .341
Rolen 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .242
Bruce rf 3 0 0 0 1 2 .255
Stubbs cf 3 0 0 0 1 3 .217
Paul lf 4 1 1 0 0 3 .319
Marshall p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Hanigan c 3 0 0 0 1 1 .285
Arroyo p 3 0 1 1 0 0 .148
Broxton p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
LeCure p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Heisey lf 0 0 0 0 1 0 .277
Totals 34 1 4 1 4 14
Los Angeles 010 000 000 2—3 7 0
Cincinnati 000 010 000 0—1 4 0
LOB—Los Angeles 7, Cincinnati 7. 2B—
Paul (5). RBIs—Kemp 2 (60), J.Rivera (44), 
Arroyo (3). SB—H.Ramirez (18), Rolen (2). 
S—A.Ellis, Punto. DP—Cincinnati 1
Los Angeles ip h r er bb so np era
Blanton 5
Î/¯
 4 1 1 1 6 95 4.86
Choate 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 3.11
Sh.Tolleson 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 1 1 12 4.28
Jansen 1 0 0 0 0 1 13 2.48
Belisario W8-1 2 0 0 0 0 5 30 2.20
League S4-4 1 0 0 0 1 1 15 2.82
Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era
Arroyo 8 6 1 1 0 4 88 3.63
Broxton 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 2.37
LeCure L3-3 
Í/¯
 0 2 2 1 0 16 3.13
Marshall 
Î/¯
 1 0 0 0 2 11 2.62
T—3:20. A—35,397 (42,319).
METS 7, MARLINS 3
Miami ab r h bi bb so avg.
G.Hernandez cf 4 1 1 0 0 0 .185
D.Solano 2b 4 0 2 2 0 1 .280
Reyes ss 3 1 1 0 1 0 .288
Ca.Lee 1b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .271
Ruggiano lf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .313
Petersen lf 2 0 0 0 0 1 .206
Kearns rf 4 0 1 1 0 2 .246
Brantly c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .320
Velazquez 3b 3 1 2 0 0 1 .167
Ja.Turner p 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Da.Jennings p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Dobbs ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .295
LeBlanc p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .091
Zambrano p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .176
Totals 32 3 7 3 1 9
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
F.Lewis rf-lf 3 1 0 0 0 0 .154
An.Torres ph-cf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .219
Dan.Murphy 2b 3 2 1 1 0 1 .292
D.Wright 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .307
I.Davis 1b 4 2 2 2 0 0 .226
Hairston cf-lf 4 1 2 3 0 0 .267
Duda lf 1 0 1 0 0 0 .245
Baxter rf 2 0 2 0 1 0 .267
Tejada ss 4 0 1 0 0 1 .288
Thole c 4 0 1 0 0 1 .239
Niese p 3 1 1 0 0 1 .222
Parnell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Rauch p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 33 7 11 6 1 5
Miami 001 002 000—3 7 1
New York 320 010 10x—7 11 0
E—Reyes (17). LOB—Miami 4, New York 
4. 2B—D.Solano (9), Tejada (24), Thole 
(14). 3B—Hairston (3). HR—Hairston (18), 
off Ja.Turner; I.Davis (28), off LeBlanc. 
RBIs—D.Solano 2 (24), Kearns (16), Dan.
Murphy (62), I.Davis 2 (83), Hairston 3 (51). 
SB—Dan.Murphy (8). CS—Baxter (2). S—
Ja.Turner. SF—Dan.Murphy. DP—Miami 2; 
New York 1
Miami ip h r er bb so np era
Ja.Turner L1-3 5 8 6 3 1 3 115 4.03
Da.Jennings 1 1 0 0 0 1 14 2.40
LeBlanc 1 1 1 1 0 1 19 3.71
Zambrano 1 1 0 0 0 0 9 4.49
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Niese W12-9 6
Í/¯
 7 3 3 1 7 99 3.49
Parnell H18 1
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 17 2.79
Rauch 1 0 0 0 0 2 15 2.85
T—2:44. A—25,446 (41,922).
BREWERS 4, NATIONALS 2
Milwaukee ab r h bi bb so avg.
Aoki rf 4 1 1 0 0 0 .293
R.Weeks 2b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .231
Braun lf 4 1 3 1 0 1 .315
Ar.Ramirez 3b 4 1 2 1 0 0 .299
Lucroy c 4 1 2 1 0 0 .324
Ishikawa 1b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .248
C.Gomez cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .253
Segura ss 3 0 1 0 0 1 .275
Marcum p 2 0 0 0 0 1 .091
Henderson p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Hart ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .278
Veras p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Axford p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 34 4 9 3 0 7
Washington ab r h bi bb so avg.
Werth rf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .300
Harper cf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .258
Zimmerman 3b 3 1 1 0 1 0 .285
LaRoche 1b 4 1 1 2 0 1 .268
Morse lf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .286
Desmond ss 3 0 0 0 0 0 .294
Espinosa 2b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .252
Flores c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .218
E.Jackson p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .236
Tracy ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .284
Clippard p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Stammen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 31 2 5 2 1 6
Milwaukee 010 000 003—4 9 0
Washington 200 000 000—2 5 1
E—Desmond (16). LOB—Milwaukee 
3, Washington 3. 2B—Braun 2 (32), 
Ar.Ramirez (47). HR—Lucroy (10), off 
E.Jackson; LaRoche (31), off Marcum. 
RBIs—Braun (106), Ar.Ramirez (96), Lucroy 
(53), LaRoche 2 (96). SB—Braun (29). CS—
Segura (1), Werth (1). DP—Washington 2
Milwaukee ip h r er bb so np era
Marcum 6 4 2 2 0 3 94 3.86
Henderson 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 3.38
Veras W5-4 1 1 0 0 0 0 16 3.80
Axford S32-40 1 0 0 0 1 1 19 4.68
Washington ip h r er bb so np era
E.Jackson 8 6 1 1 0 6 101 3.77
ClippardL2-6BS5 
Î/¯
 3 3 2 0 0 18 3.46
Stammen 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 1 3 2.38
T—3:00. A—30,382 (41,487).
COLLEGE FOOTBALL
FRIDAY'S SCORES
EAST
American Intl. 42, Pace 0
Georgetown 21, Princeton 20
SOUTH
Baylor 47, Louisiana-Monroe 42 
BASEBALL
Slugger Lifts Israel in Qualifying
Nate Freiman hit two two-run homers on Fri-
day in Jupiter, Fla., to lead Israel to a 4-2 win
against Spain, bringing the team within a
game of qualifying for the World Baseball
Classic. Israel will play Sunday in a winner-
take-all title game. The opponent will be
Spain, France or South Africa.
Freiman, who hit two home runs in Israel’s
win against South Africa on Wednesday, hit
24 homers this season with Class AA San An-
tonio in the Padres’ farm system.
WALTERVILLA
PRO FOOTBALL
NFL Network on Time Warner
Time Warner Cable agreed to carry the NFL
Network, ending an occasionally contentious
nine-year impasse. The channel will be avail-
able by Thursday to Time Warner Cable’s
digital subscribers — about 9.5 million out of
its 12.3 million cable customers nationwide.
In the New York City market, the company
has slightly more than 1 million cable cus-
tomers.
In addition, the NFL Network’s companion
service, called RedZone, will be available
Sunday on Time Warner Cable’s Sports Pass
tier, which costs $5.95 a month in the New
York City market. The RedZone channel
moves frenetically around every Sunday af-
ternoon game to show teams inside the 20-
yard line of their opponent.
Steve Bornstein, the NFL Network’s presi-
dent, said that the expansion to 13 Thursday
night games this season, from 8, and last
month’s deal with Cablevision, another long-
term holdout, “added impetus to getting this
done.”
RICHARDSANDOMIR
DOPING
Push for Oversight of Agency
Two veteran members of Congress intro-
duced legislation that would increase Con-
gressional oversight of the United States
Anti-Doping Agency, including forcing the
agency to provide annual summaries of its
enforcement activities. Representatives Jim
Sensenbrenner, Republican of Wisconsin,
and John Conyers Jr., Democrat of Michigan,
sponsored the bill. They said it would bolster
athletes’ due process protections regarding
the antidoping agency’s adjudication of dop-
ing cases. The bill comes after the agency’s
investigation and punishment of the cyclist
Lance Armstrong, who chose not to fight the
charges that he doped and played a pivotal
role in systematic doping on his Tour de
France teams.
JULIET MACUR
HOCKEY
Sweden League Ends Ban
Sweden’s top league, the Elitserien, has been
ordered to lift its ban against short-term con-
tracts, opening the way for locked-out N.H.L.
players to play in the only European league
that had blocked their entry. Sweden’s Com-
petition Authority handed down a decision
that the Elitserien’s ban violates Swedish
and European labor laws. Henrik Lundq-
vist, Erik Karlsson and Loui Eriksson have
been in talks to sign for Frolunda Gothen-
burg in the Elitserien. 
JEFF Z.KLEIN
COLLEGE BASKETBALL
Four Players Charged in Fight
Four players at Long Island University —
Julian Boyd, C.J. Garner, Troy Joseph and
Jamal Olasewere — were suspended from
the team indefinitely after being arrested
Thursday on charges of assault in the third
degree. The players attended a Sept. 15 party
in which they argued with members of the
track team, the police said. The disc jockey
tried to calm the situation, but Garner went
on stage and knocked the microphone out of
the man’s hand, which started a fight, the po-
lice said. 
NATE TAYLOR
More on these articles at nytimes.com.
S P O RT S B R I E F I NG 
ALAN DIAZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Nate Freiman after a home run against
Spain. He has four home runs in quali-
fying for the World Baseball Classic.
P RO F O OT BA L L
By SAM BORDEN
Sports gamblers everywhere unite in the
perpetual quest to find an edge, and never
more so than when they bet on the N.F.L.
This  search knows no bounds; several
years ago, when the league cracked down
on helmet-to-helmet hits, handicappers ig-
nored the typical hand-wringing from fans
upset about losing their usual fill of brutal-
ity and instead just wanted to know how
the rule change would affect their bets.
“It’s a bottom-line business,” said Ted
Sevransky, a top sports betting analyst
known in the industry as Teddy Covers.
“It’s less about the information and more
about what the information means.”
When it comes to the replacement offi-
cials this season, the same principle ap-
plies. While players and coaches are wor-
ried about safety and the integrity of the
game, bettors are trying to figure out how
the labor dispute that has led to an N.F.L.
lockout of the regular referees might help
their wallets.
Two weeks in, there appear  to be two
early factors under consideration: home-
field advantage and total points scored.
While most sports book operators have
tried not to overreact to early returns from
games involving replacement referees,
some of the statistics are difficult for bet-
tors to ignore. According to data compiled
by Mike Kania of the Web site
Pro-Football-Reference.com, when 14 of the
16 home teams won last weekend it was the
most victories by home teams in any week-
end since the league expanded to 32 teams
10 seasons ago.
In addition, five of the six home teams
that were underdogs covered the point
spread. According to SportsInsights.com,
home teams in the N.F.L. have beaten the
point spread in 61.3 percent of their games
this season; that  is more than 10 percent-
age points higher than the rate from 2004 to
2011. 
“It’s a given fact in Las Vegas that, gen-
erally, the less experienced an official is in
any sport the more likely he is to be influ-
enced by the home crowd,” said R.J. Bell, a
gambling analyst who is the chief execu-
tive of Pregame.com. “It’s not unreason-
able to think that’s what we’re seeing.”
Bell, like most handicappers, said it was
difficult to make sweeping conclusions on
such a small set of data. But he added that
common sense must also play into the anal-
ysis, and the new officials, many of whom
spent most of their careers working games
in front of small crowds in the lower divi-
sions of college football, among other
leagues, might be intimidated by the mas-
sive crowds that pack N.F.L. stadiums.
In other words, the data from the first
two weeks — while surely raw —seems to
confirm something that many bettors be-
lieved they already knew. And oddsmak-
ers, who generally start with a base 3-point
advantage for home teams in the N.F.L.,
are considering whether to increase that to
perhaps 3
›
points. 
“I can’t say we’re doing that across the
board yet,but we are monitoring this very
closely,” said Jay Kornegay, director of the
Las Vegas Hotel and Casino. “As long as
the replacements are working, it’s some-
thing we have to watch. It’s a real factor.”
Also under examination are the over/
under lines for points scored in each game,
known as totals. So far, it appears that
there is an expectation for higher totals
with the replacement officials working be-
cause there have been more  penalties
called on the defense during pass plays
downfield. 
According to Kania’s data, the replace-
ment officials in Week 1 called 26 penalties
for defensive pass interference, a large
number. In Week 2, they called 14 penalties
for pass interference, 10 for defensive hold-
ing and 6 for illegal contact.
The more defensive fouls called on pass
plays, the thinking goes, the greater the ad-
vantage for the offense and, thus, the great-
er the chance that a drive will end with a
score. As this subject has gained exposure,
casual bettors — who are generally in-
clined to bet overs instead of unders any-
way — have gravitated even more to the to-
tals. Thus, the totals for this weekend’s 16
N.F.L. games at most books in Nevada av-
erage out to 46.1 points — the highest aver-
age for totals of any week in N.F.L. history. 
Of course, none of this — or any aspect of
gambling — is foolproof. All bettors have
their horror stories,and last weekend was
no exception. One of the two home teams
that did not win in Week 2 was the New
England Patriots, who lost to Arizona, 20-
18. The Patriots, who were heavily favored,
did not come close to covering the spread
or going over the total. The result flew
squarely in the face of any bettor looking
for a universal home-field edge.
The Patriots’ loss also ruined countless
entries in so-called survivor pools, a less
scientific (and less  regulated) gambling
pursuit but one that nonetheless is incredi-
bly popular.
“Forget about covering;they didn’t even
win,” Bell said,laughing. “And for most
people in those pools, that was all anyone
cared about anyway.”
Gamblers Watch for Trends
As They Study New Officials
JOE ROBBINS/GETTY IMAGES
Andrew Luck’s Colts were among 14
home teams  that won last weekend.
Bettors have noticed increased scoring
and apparent home-field advantages.
Ø
N
D7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
P RO BAS K E T BA L L
By HOWARD BECK
On a stage packed with digni-
taries, one man stood tallest,so
tall that the microphone had to be
raised by a foot to meet his chin.
When he spoke, the message was
no less striking.
Mikhail D. Prokhorov, the tow-
ering  owner of the re-branded
Brooklyn Nets, celebrated the un-
veiling of his team’s new arena
Friday morning by predicting a
playoff berth this season and a
championship within three years.
The $1 billion Barclays Center
will open with a Jay-Z concert Fri-
day. It will be six weeks before
the Nets make a meaningful bas-
ket. But this was a day for dreamy
rhetoric and bold visions.
“For me, there is only one
place: No. 1,” said Prokhorov, the
6-foot 8-inch Russian billionaire
who purchased the team two
years ago. “And I do my best in
order to reach championship.”
The Nets made huge strides
this summer, re-signing Deron
Williams, acquiring Joe Johnson
and restocking their  roster with
enough talent to crack the top tier
of the Eastern Conference. They
might not be ready to dethrone
the Miami Heat, but they will be
worthy rivals to the Knicks and,
Prokhorov said, “worthy of this
great arena and the borough of
Brooklyn.”
The 675,000-square-foot Bar-
clays Center is expected to host
220 events a year, including con-
certs, family events and college
basketball games. But it is the
Nets, Brooklyn’s first major pro-
fessional team since the Dodgers
departed in 1957, who will call it
home for most of the calendar
year.
The team will make its Brook-
lyn debut with a preseason game
on Oct. 15. The first regular-sea-
son game is on Nov. 1, against the
Knicks,a night that Prokhorov
said, “I am really thirsting for.”
The ribbon-cutting doubled as a
victory party for the local officials
who pushed Barclays Center into
being, despite the protests of
neighborhood groups, through
dozens of legal challenges  in a
down economy.
It took eight years for the de-
veloper Bruce Ratner,who
bought the Nets in 2004 with the
intent of moving them to Brook-
lyn,to see his vision come to life
at the corner of Atlantic and Flat-
bush avenues.
Ratner sold his majority stake
in the team in 2009 but he remains
the primary owner of the arena
and, along with the borough presi-
dent Marty Markowitz, its most
energetic cheerleader. He enjoyed
his moment Friday, presiding
from a stage on the main con-
course, overlooking the arena’s
lower bowl.
The lights were flipped on at
9:38 a.m., on Ratner’s cue, as he
cooed into the microphone,
“Ohhh, we got there! We got it.”
The Nets’ new home is dis-
tinctive, with an exterior of
weathered steel and glass and a
grand oculus that juts out over the
main plaza, framing the sky. In-
side, the Nets will play on a her-
ringbone-patterned court, the
only one in the N.B.A., and drive
to the hoop across an all-black
lane, also an original feature of
the arena.
“I think it’s the best arena in
the world,” Prokhorov said.
The hardwood floor was off lim-
its to the news media Friday, but
Brook Lopez, the Nets’ center,
took a leisurely stroll to the large
black “B” stamped at center
court.
The arena’s high-definition
scoreboard is visible from the
main doors, not far from a new
subway entrance providing ac-
cess to 11 train lines and the Long
Island Rail Road. Both Prokhorov
and Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg
took the subway to the arena.
Bloomberg trumpeted the jobs
and affordable housing created by
the Atlantic Yards project, which
includes the arena and 16 towers.
The project’s opponents contend
Ratner failed to deliver on those
promises,a point that was raised
repeatedly by about 40 protesters
in a rally before the ribbon-cutting
ceremony.
Ratner announced a Dec. 18
groundbreaking for the project’s
first residential tower, which is to
contain 350 units, half of them
classified as middle-income or af-
fordable.
Prokhorov compared the rise of
Barclays Center to the completion
of the Brooklyn Bridge — “a sym-
bol being born” and “a project
that changes the face and the des-
tiny of this city.”
“If you are from Brooklyn or
Manhattan, Miami or Moscow,
Barclays Center will be the heart
of the Brooklyn borough,” he said.
It may take some time for the
Nets to match the hype surround-
ing their new home. They have
nine new players and their three
stars — Williams, Johnson and
Lopez — have not played togeth-
er. On the plus side, 13 Nets have
been working out and scrimmag-
ing. 
Prokhorov declined to discuss a
possible extension for Coach
Avery Johnson, who is entering
the final year of his contract, but
he said, “I think we’ll be togeth-
er” for a couple years. He pre-
dicted an executive of the year
award for Billy King, the general
manager, who presided over the
roster overhaul.
“I think for the first time in my
years with the Nets, every night
going in, I know we can compete
with the opponent,” King said. 
At Unveiling of Barclays Center, Owner Talks of a Nets Championship
PHOTOGRAPHS BY MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The Barclays Center held a ribbon-cutting ceremony Friday.
Protesters outside aired their grievances, saying that the Atlan-
tic Yards project did not bring affordable housing and jobs.
their swings on the practice
range, said of the distinction, but
he put little stock in it. “It’s early.
Talk to me at 7 o’clock Sunday
night.”
Near that hour on Friday, Rose
labeled his round of two-under 68
as “not pretty golf by any
means.” He took comfort in the
likelihood that some drives that
caught the rough by a club length
or so would find the fairways this
weekend.
Rose did move beyond an occa-
sional tendency to play spottily
when paired with Woods, though
he attributed nervousness during
a round of 74 at the British Open
this summer to pressure from
playing in his native land rather
than  playing with the genera-
tion’s foremost star.
“I was quite happy to right the
ship today from that aspect,” he
said. “It was nice to go back out
and play with Tiger on his home
turf and play well.”
Woods, conversely, drifted six
behind with a 73 that he de-
scribed as a daylong struggle.
“I figured something out on the
back nine with my stroke, which
was good,” he said. “But I still
need to hit the ball better.”
Tethered in third place, two
back at five under, were players
with appropriately Southern-
sounding names — Bo and Bubba
— here in the heart of Dixie.
Bo Van Pelt is known for main-
By MIKE TIERNEY
ATLANTA — Jim Furyk’s
scorecard looked as if a keyboard
were stuck on 3.Or as if he had
inadvertently submitted the re-
sults of a round at the com-
pressed par-58 course down the
street from East Lake Golf Club.
With a scoresheet that the for-
mer N.B.A. star Reggie Miller
would admire, Furyk registered
3’s the first seven holes — all but
two for birdies — and 9 of the
opening 11 Friday at the Tour
Championship, which will deter-
mine this year’s FedEx Cup play-
off champion.
Despite missing a three-and-a-
half-foot putt on the par-3 18th
hole for bogey,Furyk crafted a
six-under-par 64 that propelled
him in front by a stroke over Jus-
tin Rose.
Counting the winning share of
this tournament’s purse and bo-
nus money from a shadowing
competition, the FedEx Cup win-
ner will enrich himself by as
much as $11.4 million, which
probably represents the second-
largest financial windfall in Geor-
gia this weekend. A Mega Mil-
lions lottery drawing in the state
late Friday was worth about $12
million.
Furyk began this week a dis-
tant 18th in the playoff tables.
Nothing less than a tournament
triumph would thrust him into
Cup contention, and other domi-
noes would need to fall his way. 
Recent history offers hope. Bill
Haas vaulted from 25th in the
points standings last year into
the concentric winner’s circles
for the tournament and the Cup. 
“I was having fun writing 3 on
the card”  10 times, said Furyk,
who admitted he needed remind-
ers to enjoy himself. “I’ve never
seen a card that pretty.”
If only every day at this event
could be Friday. Nearly as at-
tractive was Furyk’s second-
round score, a 65, in 2010.Furyk,
42, won that year, making the
leap from 11th in the standings,
but this weekend would not bring
a three-peat because he was un-
able to qualify for the luminous
field of 30 players last September.
“As proud as I was of 2010, I
was quite mad at myself in ’11,”
he said. “It sparked a fire. It
made me work harder.”
Furyk  required few lengthy
putts, his approach shots being
drawn close to the holes seeming-
ly by magnetic pull.
The day dawned with Rose and
Tiger Woods as co-leaders and
playing partners, bringing atten-
tion to Sean Foley, their enig-
matic, tattooed shot instructor.
“It’s very rare that that hap-
pens,”  Foley, while inspecting
taining the consistency of French
fries from a fast-food restaurant
chain, having played steadily
enough to reach this tournament
three straight years.
“I’ve had the same coach for 12
years, the same caddie for sev-
en,” he said.
One mark of consistency he
would like to change: no tour
wins since 2009.
Watson has consistently spo-
ken of his dislike for East Lake,
saying Friday that “we don’t see
eye-to-eye.” He was encouraged
by the afternoon’s second-best
score (66) and delighted at hav-
ing the best seat in the house. His
partner was Furyk.
The five FedEx points paceset-
ters   entered the tournament
knowing that winning its $1.4 mil-
lion first prize would also lock up
the largest Cup bonus of $10 mil-
lion. Four — Rory McIlroy (four
behind at the midway point),
Brandt Snedeker (five), Woods
(six) and Phil Mickelson (seven)
— remain in the hunt.
Only Nick Watney has been
forced to temper his goals. He
trailed the field after Day 1 and,
at nine over, needs binoculars to
see Furyk.
If Watney stays put, he still
walks away with a $128,000 cut of
the purse and a $175,000 Cup bo-
nus on a high-stakes Georgia
weekend for golfers and lottery
players.
Furyk Unleashes a Birdie Barrage
And Leads by One as Woods Falters
DAVID TULIS/REUTERS
Jim Furyk carded a 3 on 9 of the first 11 holes in the second
round of the Tour Championship.Justin Rose is one shot back.
Hillsborough Independent Pan-
el’s inquiry were published just so
happens to be against its greatest
rival, Manchester United.
The enmity between the two
most successful clubs in English
soccer is such that there is a con-
cern that Sunday’s match at
Anfield, Liverpool’s stadium, may
be marred by unsavory chants
from a minority of the United
fans.
Alex Ferguson, the United
manager, has been quoted on his
club’s official Web site reminding
those who follow United that “as
a club, we’re totally in support of
Liverpool and the situation
they’re in.”
He was moved to comment af-
ter a group of fans — the majority
of the other clubs in the Premier
League were paying various trib-
utes to Liverpool and the 96 vic-
tims — sang a mocking song
aimed at their rivals (“always the
victims, it’s never your fault”)
during last weekend’s United
match against Wigan Athletic. 
“It was disappointing to hear
that,” Ferguson said, although
some United supporters staunch-
ly, if unconvincingly, maintained
that the song had nothing to do
with the events at Hillsborough.
Liverpool loves to hate United
as much as United loves to hate
Liverpool. Songs about Hillsbor-
ough and the Munich air disaster
—in which 23 people, 8 of them
United players, died after a crash
on their way home from a Euro-
pean Cup match in 1958 — have
been known to be traded on an al-
most tit-for-tat basis among vocal
minorities of the clubs’ fan bases.
This weekend, there are plans
for the captains of the clubs —
Nemanja Vidic of United and Ste-
ven Gerrard of Liverpool, whose
cousin Jon-Paul Gilhooley was
the youngest, at age 10, of those to
die at Hillsborough — to release
96 balloons before the match. Mo-
saics in three of Anfield’s four
stands will display “The Truth,”
“Justice” and “96.”
To countless Liverpool support-
ers, understanding Hillsborough
and the battle for justice remain
as important a part of the club’s
history as the 18 English league
championships, 5 European Cups
and 7 F.A. Cups.
Even through the naïve eyes of
a Liverpool-obsessed 7-year-old, I
instantly sensed the significance
of Hillsborough. That afternoon, I
had been at a match at a local
park with my father — a Liver-
pudlian, a former professional
player and a proud Liverpool sup-
porter — who had passed down
the tradition. Wearing my Liver-
pool replica shirt, I had been joy-
ously kicking my battered ball
around the park and dreaming of
my heroes’ winning the match at
Hillsborough and securing their
passage to the F.A. Cup final at
Wembley Stadium in London.
So when my father was sum-
moned to the pay phone in the
clubhouse and informed that my
mother was on the line, he natu-
rally sensed bad news. When he
put the telephone down, it was
the first, and possibly the only,
time I had seen him cry. 
He tried to explain the events
that were unfolding in Sheffield,
and I nervously asked, “But can
Liverpool still win the F.A. Cup?”
When he solemnly informed me
that that no longer mattered, I un-
derstood — as much as a 7-year-
old could have understood — the
gravity of the situation.
In the years afterward, rival
fans seized on the lies, the rumors
and the myths of Hillsborough —
until last week’s publication of the
independent report into the disas-
ter. Or at least that is the theory.
If ever there was a time for a
cease-fire, it is this weekend,
when the eyes of the sporting
world will be on Anfield. Liver-
pool’s cross-city neighbors, Ever-
ton, offered an emotional tribute
to the 96 victims at their most re-
cent home match. But United
does not enjoy the cordiality that
comes with the siblinglike rivalry
of Liverpool’s Reds and Everton’s
Toffees.
Relations between Liverpool
and United have been particular-
ly strained since Luis Suárez, a
Liverpool forward, was found
guilty of, and suspended for eight
matches for, racially abusing Pa-
trice Evra, a United defender,
during a match last season at
Anfield.
But for all the concerns over
what may be said or sung on Sun-
day, there is a recent precedent
for these occasions’ passing
peacefully. When Manchester
City traveled the short distance to
play United in February 2008, the
match coincided with the 50th an-
niversary of the Munich air disas-
ter.
Before the match, the Official
Manchester City Supporters Club
wrote to United, requesting that it
abandon the scheduled minute of
silence in favor of a minute of ap-
plause and expressing fears that
an element of a traveling contin-
gent of 3,000 fans could ruin the
planned tribute.
United went ahead with the
minute’s silence. It was impecca-
bly observed, and the City fans
were praised for showing respect. 
Arepeat this weekend at
Anfield would provide a timely re-
minder that some things are
more important than rivalries
and, dare I risk blasphemy
against the great Bill Shankly,
soccer in general.
ESSAY 
A Moment’s Peace for Liverpool’s Lost
Steven Cotton, a sportswriter for
The Post in Bristol, England, is a
lifelong Liverpool fan. 
From First Sports Page
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 22, 2012
Metropolitan Forecast
TODAY
......................Clouds and sun, breezy
High 80. Ahead of a cold front, a warm day
will unfold with clouds and sun. There will
be a rising wind from the south and show-
ers and thunderstorms will approach at
the end of the day.
TONIGHT
....................Evening thunderstorm
Low 60. The cold front will move across
the area, causing showers and thunder-
storms during the evening. It will then
clear as cooler, drier air starts to move in.
TOMORROW
......................Breezy and cooler
High 71. Cooler, drier air will be moving in
as the cold front pushes off to the east.
There will be sunshine and periodic clouds
with a gusty breeze from the west to
northwest.
MONDAY
......................Quite cool, some sun
Cool air will continue to flow across the
area from the west. As high pressure ap-
proaches, the day will be dry with sun-
shine mixed at times with some clouds.
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
.........................Turning warmer
High pressure will move over the area
Tuesday, bringing sun and a high of 72.
Sunshine will mix with clouds Wednesday
and there might be a late-day thunder-
shower. The high will be 75.
Rain will persist in parts of eastern Maine
and there can be showers on Cape Cod.
The rest of the region will be mostly dry
with clouds and sunshine, but some show-
ers and thunderstorms will move in from
the west during the evening and nighttime
hours. There will be a moderate wind with
ocean waves running 2-4 feet high.
Warm and more humid conditions will
spike along the Atlantic Seaboard today.
The warmth will be brief as a cool front
pushes east of the Appalachians with lo-
cally gusty thunderstorms.
Farther south, downpours will linger
along an old frontal zone over South Flor-
ida. In the Midwest, it will feel like the first
day of autumn with angry clouds, chilly
showers and gusty winds. The pattern can
yield a few waterspouts over the Great
Lakes and a few wet snowflakes in north-
ern areas.
Much of the area from the Great Plains
to the West will be dry, sunny and warm. A
weak disturbance moving in from the Pa-
cific may bring a late-day shower to part of
the Northwest. Smoke and haze will linger
over portions of the northern Great Basin
from wildfires.
By JEFF Z. KLEIN
Six days into the N.H.L. lock-
out, the first week of preseason
games has been canceled, some
teams have announced tempo-
rary layoffs,and the league office
has reduced its employees’ work-
weeks and salaries. 
Training camps were to open
Friday, but instead many players
are suiting up   for  European
clubs. With no formal talks be-
tween the league and its players
union since Sept. 13  and none
scheduled, the N.H.L. appears to
be headed for a lengthy lockout. 
The general assumption is that
the owners have the resources to
wait it out and that the players
will have to accede to some ver-
sion of the owners’ demand that
they accept substantially less
than the 57 percent of league rev-
enue they received the last seven
years.
But are there pressure points
acting on the owners that might
induce them to settle for a deal
more quickly? 
Potential points   include   the
Winter Classic — the extravagant
Jan. 1 outdoor game, with an NBC
telecast,that has proved impor-
tant to the N.H.L.’s visibility —
and a need to avoid further finan-
cial disruption for the estimated
16 to 18 money-losing teams.
The owners must also consider
the implicit threat that if they are
too inflexible, Donald Fehr, the
union’s executive director, might
put the N.H.L.’s salary-cap sys-
tem on the bargaining table.
The players  union is hoping
that owners of money-losing
teams will push Commissioner
Gary Bettman to accept some
version of the union’s offer, which
includes an expanded revenue-
sharing plan among N.H.L. clubs
that is designed to benefit strug-
gling franchises like the Florida
Panthers, the Columbus Blue
Jackets and the Islanders. 
Last week Bettman said that
the owners had given him unani-
mous support for the lockout. In
the season-long 2004-5 lockout,
Bettman kept the owners togeth-
er,enabling  them to force the
players to accept a 24 percent
pay cut and the imposition of a
salary cap. 
“When you have 30 votes and
you’ve got strong leadership,
really the deal is going to get
done with the macro perspective
— what is best for the league and
what is the right deal for the
game and for the industry,” said
Ed Horne, chief operating officer
at the agency Madison Avenue
Sports and Entertainment, who
during the last lockout was the
president of N.H.L. Enterprises,
the league’s licensing and mar-
keting arm. 
One way Bettman keeps the
owners unified is by wielding the
threat of a $1 million fine against
any owner who speaks publicly
on labor matters. Last week,the
Buffalo Sabres’ owner, Terry
Pegula, declined to answer a re-
porter’s question about the lock-
out.
“I can’t tell you anything, just
that talks continue — I don’t
want to lose draft picks,” Pegula
said, laughing. 
For that remark, the Sabres re-
ceived a warning telephone call
from the league office. 
Many believe that the owners’
resolve will be tested in Decem-
ber, when pressure mounts to re-
turn to play ahead of the Winter
Classic. 
The five previous Winter Clas-
sic games, carried by NBC, were
the five most-watched regular-
season hockey games in North
America since the 1970s. Includ-
ing corporate sponsorships and
merchandise sales, the game
generates a profit in the “sub-
stantial seven figures,” John Col-
lins, the league’s chief operating
officer, said last year.
This season’s game is set to be
especially grand in scale.It is
scheduled to be played at Michi-
gan Stadiumin Ann Arbor before
a crowd of perhaps 115,000, which
would be a record for hockey. It
would  involve the Detroit Red
Wings and, for the first time, a
Canadian club — the Toronto Ma-
ple Leafs, the N.H.L.’s most valu-
able team.
“From a marketing perspec-
tive, the Winter Classic is one of
the few home runs the N.H.L. has
hit,” said Brad Adgate, senior
vice president for research at Ho-
rizon Media.
Adgate compared the pressure
to preserve the Winter Classic to
the pressure on owners during
last year’s N.B.A. lockout to re-
turn in time for that league’s lu-
crative Christmas Day slate of
games.The N.B.A. and its play-
ers reached an agreement in late
November   after a five-month
lockout and turned the Christmas
schedule into an opening day bo-
nanza.
“It’s very much a parallel from
last year’s N.B.A. lockout with
the ABC tripleheader on Christ-
mas,” Adgate said. “I would think
the Winter Classic is probably the
make-or-break point. If the
league doesn’t settle the lockout
in time to play it, it could be a re-
peat of 2004-5, and the N.H.L.
cannot afford to lose an entire
season a second time.”
But N.H.L. officials say pri-
vately that the Winter Classic is
not a factor in negotiations, point-
ing out that the regular season’s
first weekend generates more
revenue than the Winter Classic. 
The owners’ current offer,
which lowers the players’  per-
centage of hockey-related reve-
nue to 47 percent, would increase
their annual share of overall rev-
enue to upward of $1.75 billion —
an increase of $330 million per
year. That figure makes the value
of the Winter Classic look insig-
nificant. 
To further help the owners, the
league will still receive the $200
million due from its contract with
NBC and $100 million from CBC.
The N.H.L. would not have to pay
the networks back for lost games
this season until the contracts ex-
pired, which is in 2013-14 for CBC
and in 2020-21 for NBC. 
“As important from a market-
ing perspective as the Winter
Classic is, I doubt very much that
any one particular event is going
to make a difference toward a
deal getting done or not,” Horne
said.
In 2004-5, the N.H.L. released
an audit that showed it lost $232
million the previous season, and
the owners were willing to lock
out the players for an entire year.
This time the league is profitable,
and that, according to Rod Fort, a
professor who teaches the eco-
nomics of sport at the University
of Michigan, will induce the own-
ers to settle relatively quickly.
“What’s really important this
time, and it wasn’t there last
time, is that there’s a significant
loss to owners if they don’t have
a season,” Fort said.
Ultimately, the biggest pres-
sure on the owners may be to set-
tle before another season is scut-
tled. 
“The pressure is clearly not to
repeat the past,” said Ken Shrop-
shire, a professor of sports busi-
ness at the University of Penn-
sylvania’s Wharton School. “No
matter what you gain in a settle-
ment, the question for the owners
is, How much more do you lose
by canceling a season again? The
harm that is done to a sport by
virtue of not playing can be
huge.”
As Lockout Continues, and Money Is Left on Table, Owners May Be Tested
HO C K E Y
90°
80°
70°
60°
50°
Record
highs
Normal
highs
Normal
lows
Record
lows
M T W T  F  S  S M T W
TODAY
High          High
Actual
Forecast
range
LowLow
Color bands
indicate water
temperature.
80s
7
0s
60s
50s
85/66 Partly sunny, breezy
Virginia Beach
81/60 Breezy with some sun
Ocean City Md.
84/60 Sun and clouds, breezy
Eastern Shore
78/63 Warm with clouds and sun
N.J. Shore
77/62 Sun and clouds, breezy
L.I. South Shore
77/61 Breezy, clouds and sun
L.I. North Shore
74/62 Clouds and sun
Cape Cod
72/57 Clouds and sun
Kennebunkport
Today’s forecast
H
H
H
H
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
80s
80s
70
0s
0s
0s
s
60s
50s
4
0s
30s
30s
1
00
+
+
100+
+
90s
s
9
90s
9
90s
90s
90s
80s
8
8
8
8
80s
80s
80s
80s
80s
80s
80s
80s
80s
70s
70s
70s
s
s
s
70s
70s
s
70s
70s
70s
70s
0
60s
0
60
60s
6
60s
50s
4
0s
Pi
e
rr
e
Bismarck
B
B
F
arg
o
Minneapolis
n
St. Paul
S
C
Chicago
C
g
kee
Milwauk
Indianapolis
s
i
Detroi
oit
oi
t
C
levelan
d
Pittsburgh
urgh
urgh
bu
urg
h
h
b
Washington
Wash
ash
Philadelphia
Phi
New York
N
N
N
chmond
Richm
Norfolk
N
N
N
gh
Raleigh
Charlotte
otte
bia
Columb
At
l
a
n
ta
Jacksonville
J
Orlando
O
Tampa
a
Mia
Miami
Nassau
s
Birmingham
m
Mobile
Mo
New
New
Orleans
Jackso
Jackson
Jackson
n
ouge
Baton Rouge
ouge
o
Li
tt
l
e 
R
oc
k
Memphis
Memphis
Memphis
Nas
hvill
e
L
ou
i
sv
ille
Cha
Charleston
Cha
C
o
on
arlesto
Sioux Falls
Si
Sio
o
C
aspe
r
Cheyenne
De
nv
er
Colorado
C
C
S
pring
s
eg
Winnipeg
egina
Re
eg
B
Billings
B
lena
Hel
le
oise
Bo
o
Sp
okan
e
V
Van
V
ncouver
n
S
Seat
Se
ttle
t
R
en
o
S
Sa
an Francisco
an
n Francisco
n Francisco
isc
cisc
co
c
c
F
resno
Lo
os Angeles
Lo
S
Sa
an 
Sa
n Diego
n 
o
H
ono
l
u
lu
Hilo
H
F
Fairb
banks
b
ks
ks
Anchorage
Anch
horage
h
e
e
Juneau
eau
nix
Phoenix
nix
Ph
Ph
ucson
Tu
u
Las
La
La
as
Vegas
gas
ke
Salt Lak
ak
C
it
y
Alb
uquerqu
e
Santa 
ta Fe
ta 
Lubbock
k
k
El
 
P
as
o
F
t
. W
o
r
t
h
D
a
ll
a
s
Oklahoma City
m
S
an Antoni
o
ouston
Hou
o
Corpus Christi
C
Mont
terrey
nt
Eugen
ene
ne
ne
Portla
and
nd
nd
A
Albany
A
Hartford
Har
a
a
Buffalo
Buffalo
To
Toron
onto
on
Ottawa
wa
M
Montre
M
eal
ea
c
Quebe
ebec
ebec
Burlington
l
t
Manchester
Ma
M
Boston
Bos
Portland
Por
Halifax
Halifa
es Moines
Des Mo
Des Moi
O
mah
a
Topeka
To
Top
chita
Wichita
Wichita
Ka
n
sas
C
it
y
St. Louis
Springfield
Sp
pr
p
p
Thunderstorms capable 
of producing damaging 
winds will erupt across
the Northeast today. Most 
of the strongest thunder-
storms will occur
during the afternoon. A 
cold front clashing with 
the warmth surging
across the Eastern 
Seaboard will set off 
thunderstorms. In the 
wake of this front, a chilly 
start to the weekend with 
brisk winds and some
rain is in store for the 
Great Lakes.
Highlight: Northeast Gusty Thunderstorm Threat
THUNDERSTORMS
WITH DAMAGING
WINDS
Brisk
and
cooler
Warm air
50°
60°
70°
80°
90°
4
p.m.
12
a.m.
6
a.m.
12
p.m.
4
p.m.
Record
high 95°
(1895)
Normal
high 73°
Normal
low 59°
Record
low 40°
(1871)
THU.YESTERDAY
60°
7 a.m.
75°
3 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Temperature
............. +1.1°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.1°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 76%Yesterday
............. 77%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 5.54Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 2.89Actual
.................... 4.08Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 43.71Actual
.................. 49.91Normal
LAST 30 DAYS
Air pressure              Humidity
Cooling Degree Days
Trends
........... 30.15 2 a.m.High
............ 30.07 3 p.m.Low
............. 80% 6 a.m.High
.............. 47% 4 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
p
are with those of the last 30 
y
ears.
..................................................................... 3Yesterday
...................................................... 132So far this month
...................... 1250So far this season (since January 1)
............................... 1068Normal to date for the season
Last      10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Temperature
Average
Below    Above
Precipitation
Average
Below    Above
H   L
TODAY’S HIGHS
FRONTS                              PRESSURE
COLD                                                  HIGH LOW                                          RAINSHOWERS                                                  ICEFLURRIES    SNOWT-STORMSMOSTLY
CLOUDY
WARM   STATIONARY COMPLEX
COLD
PRECIPITATION
<0           0s          10s         20s         30s         40s         50s         60s         70s         80s         90s        100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
Cities
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 
p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in 
inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
Sun
Jupiter
Saturn
Moon
Mars
Venus
National Forecast
Boating
First Quarter         Full         Last Quarter      New
Sep. 22        Sep. 29       Oct. 8        Oct. 15
Beach and Ocean Temperatures
11:17 p.m. 8:01 a.m.
 RISE
 6:44 a.m.
 
SET
 6:53 p.m.
 
NEXT R
 6:45 a.m.
 R
 10:25 p.m.
 
S
 1:14 p.m.
 R
 9:06 a.m.
 
S
 8:10 p.m.
 R
 2:01 p.m.
 
S
 11:52 p.m.
 
R
 2:51 p.m.
 R
 11:01 a.m.
 
S
 8:53 p.m.
 R
 3:11 a.m.
 
S
 5:06 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
    80/ 60 PC 71/ 53 PC
Bridgeport 69/ 57 0 79/ 62 PC 72/ 49 PC
Caldwell 73/ 57 0 81/ 56 T 70/ 45 PC
Danbury 71/ 50 0 77/ 55 PC 67/ 40 PC
Islip 72/ 54 0 76/ 61 PC 71/ 50 PC
Newark 72/ 52 0 81/ 61 PC 72/ 53 PC
Trenton 75/ 55 0 82/ 56 T 70/ 46 PC
White Plains 72/ 54 0 77/ 57 PC 67/ 45 PC
Albany 72/ 55 0 75/ 52 T 63/ 42 PC
Albuquerque 84/ 59 0 86/ 61 S 87/ 61 PC
Anchorage 58/ 50 0.12 58/ 51 R 58/ 47 R
Atlanta 83/ 65 0 85/ 57 PC 77/ 55 S
Atlantic City 74/ 65 0 78/ 63 PC 71/ 54 PC
Austin 90/ 58 0 91/ 64 S 91/ 66 S
Baltimore 78/ 60 0 83/ 54 T 69/ 48 PC
Baton Rouge 88/ 67 0 90/ 64 S 87/ 60 S
Birmingham 83/ 62 0 86/ 53 PC 77/ 49 S
Boise 86/ 58 0 90/ 64 S 84/ 52 PC
Boston 65/ 56 0 76/ 62 PC 74/ 50 PC
Buffalo 70/ 56 Tr 64/ 46 C 59/ 46 T
Burlington 75/ 53 0 74/ 51 T 64/ 39 PC
Casper 78/ 40 0 76/ 42 S 79/ 50 S
Charlotte 82/ 61 0 85/ 56 PC 75/ 49 S
Chattanooga 84/ 59 0 82/ 51 PC 75/ 49 S
Chicago 60/ 48 0.23 59/ 42 R 59/ 42 PC
Cincinnati 70/ 55 0 68/ 43 W 64/ 39 PC
Cleveland 69/ 54 0 64/ 46 Sh 59/ 45 C
Colorado Springs 79/ 47 0 74/ 47 S 81/ 52 S
Columbus 70/ 57 0.05 68/ 43 W 63/ 41 PC
Concord, N.H. 67/ 45 0 76/ 57 PC 69/ 40 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 97/ 64 0 95/ 67 S 91/ 70 PC
Denver 80/ 47 0 76/ 52 S 83/ 56 S
Des Moines 73/ 44 Tr 62/ 39 S 66/ 46 S
Detroit 71/ 50 0 62/ 43 Sh 62/ 40 C
El Paso 92/ 66 0 91/ 64 S 89/ 62 S
Fargo 65/ 34 0.06 56/ 29 PC 64/ 44 S
Hartford 72/ 51 0 78/ 59 PC 70/ 44 PC
Honolulu 84/ 71 0 86/ 74 S 86/ 74 PC
Houston 88/ 65 0 90/ 70 S 90/ 66 S
Indianapolis 67/ 52 0.05 64/ 42 W 62/ 39 PC
Jackson 86/ 62 0 86/ 55 PC 82/ 51 S
Jacksonville 84/ 68 Tr 88/ 68 PC 91/ 64 T
Kansas City 80/ 49 0 66/ 41 S 70/ 51 S
Key West 86/ 78 0.18 87/ 79 T 87/ 79 T
Las Vegas 97/ 76 0 98/ 79 PC 97/ 77 PC
Lexington 76/ 57 0.01 70/ 42 W 66/ 40 S
Little Rock 90/ 61 0 86/ 55 S 76/ 54 S
Los Angeles 90/ 67 0 87/ 67 PC 87/ 63 PC
Louisville 76/ 59 0 72/ 46 W 68/ 44 S
Memphis 84/ 63 0.06 82/ 52 PC 74/ 52 S
Miami 87/ 77 0.29 87/ 76 T 88/ 78 T
Milwaukee 61/ 47 0.13 58/ 41 W 55/ 43 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 60/ 41 0.01 56/ 36 PC 57/ 47 PC
Nashville 86/ 59 0 77/ 45 PC 70/ 45 S
New Orleans 85/ 71 0 88/ 71 S 88/ 67 S
Norfolk 77/ 63 0 86/ 64 PC 70/ 57 PC
Oklahoma City 95/ 60 0 86/ 53 S 83/ 63 PC
Omaha 75/ 41 0 62/ 36 S 70/ 48 S
Orlando 89/ 72 0 89/ 71 T 91/ 70 T
Philadelphia 78/ 64 0 85/ 60 T 70/ 51 PC
Phoenix 102/ 80 0 104/ 81 PC 103/ 80 PC
Pittsburgh 74/ 59 0 68/ 44 C 61/ 39 C
Portland, Me. 62/ 52 0 70/ 59 PC 70/ 43 PC
Portland, Ore. 74/ 55 Tr 73/ 51 PC 73/ 53 C
Providence 67/ 53 0 76/ 65 PC 74/ 48 PC
Raleigh 81/ 62 0 87/ 56 PC 74/ 49 PC
Reno 89/ 56 0 87/ 57 PC 82/ 52 PC
Richmond 81/ 61 0 86/ 57 PC 72/ 48 PC
Rochester 72/ 57 0.15 66/ 48 T 60/ 43 T
Sacramento 89/ 54 0 90/ 56 S 89/ 55 PC
Salt Lake City 84/ 56 0 84/ 63 PC 89/ 58 PC
San Antonio 89/ 62 0 90/ 67 S 92/ 69 S
San Diego 80/ 67 0 80/ 68 PC 81/ 67 PC
San Francisco 69/ 53 0 70/ 54 PC 71/ 52 PC
San Jose 78/ 54 0 80/ 58 S 79/ 56 PC
San Juan 90/ 79 0.12 91/ 79 T 90/ 81 Sh
Seattle 68/ 54 Tr 67/ 53 PC 70/ 53 PC
Sioux Falls 70/ 35 0 58/ 28 S 67/ 45 S
Spokane 88/ 54 0 86/ 56 S 81/ 52 PC
St. Louis 81/ 53 0 66/ 44 S 67/ 48 S
St. Thomas 88/ 78 0 89/ 78 T 90/ 79 S
Syracuse 73/ 58 0.03 70/ 49 T 63/ 43 T
Tampa 87/ 74 0 89/ 74 T 91/ 73 PC
Toledo 72/ 49 0 62/ 41 Sh 61/ 36 C
Tucson 100/ 73 0 99/ 73 PC 97/ 70 PC
Tulsa 92/ 54 Tr 82/ 53 S 80/ 60 PC
Virginia Beach 77/ 64 0 85/ 66 PC 72/ 59 PC
Washington 79/ 65 0 84/ 57 T 71/ 54 PC
Wichita 89/ 54 0 76/ 48 S 76/ 55 PC
Wilmington, Del. 76/ 62 0 84/ 58 T 71/ 49 PC
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 104/ 66 0 91/ 65 S 92/ 69 S
Cairo 90/ 71 0 89/ 70 S 89/ 66 S
Cape Town 57/ 52 0.26 61/ 45 Sh 59/ 56 R
Dakar 86/ 79 0.13 87/ 77 T 87/ 79 T
Johannesburg 75/ 52 0 74/ 50 T 70/ 49 S
Nairobi 82/ 57 0 85/ 54 S 86/ 54 S
Tunis 88/ 66 0 97/ 74 S 99/ 74 S
Baghdad 104/ 76 0 106/ 75 S 106/ 77 S
Bangkok 88/ 75 0.18 92/ 78 T 93/ 77 T
Beijing 81/ 63 0 81/ 63 S 84/ 61 T
Damascus 95/ 61 0 93/ 58 S 92/ 55 S
Hong Kong 90/ 82 0.03 88/ 79 T 90/ 79 R
Jakarta 91/ 76 0.16 92/ 76 T 93/ 75 PC
Jerusalem 80/ 63 0 79/ 63 S 78/ 60 S
Karachi 91/ 79 0 86/ 78 PC 85/ 74 PC
Manila 86/ 79 0 88/ 77 T 88/ 77 T
Mumbai 86/ 77 0.11 88/ 75 R 86/ 75 Sh
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 92/ 74 0 93/ 74 S 94/ 74 S
Riyadh 101/ 71 0 101/ 67 S 101/ 68 S
Seoul 75/ 59 0 77/ 59 PC 79/ 57 PC
Shanghai 79/ 73 0.14 80/ 66 C 82/ 64 PC
Singapore 88/ 79 0.03 88/ 78 T 88/ 77 T
Sydney 77/ 53 0.07 73/ 45 S 81/ 47 S
Taipei 88/ 75 0 87/ 77 C 86/ 77 R
Tehran 90/ 70 0 87/ 69 S 88/ 69 S
Tokyo 82/ 75 0.25 77/ 70 Sh 74/ 68 R
Amsterdam 61/ 52 0 61/ 46 PC 61/ 52 C
Athens 82/ 68 0 81/ 61 S 84/ 64 S
Berlin 63/ 41 0 61/ 45 Sh 59/ 45 PC
Brussels 61/ 45 0 61/ 43 PC 63/ 58 R
Budapest 64/ 37 0 70/ 54 PC 72/ 54 S
Copenhagen 59/ 54 0.08 56/ 50 Sh 60/ 47 PC
Dublin 54/ 41 0.28 57/ 48 PC 54/ 46 R
Edinburgh 54/ 39 0.13 55/ 41 PC 55/ 45 R
Frankfurt 66/ 43 0.24 64/ 42 Sh 67/ 56 C
Geneva 73/ 45 0.01 72/ 54 T 79/ 56 PC
Helsinki 55/ 41 0.03 54/ 47 Sh 50/ 43 R
Istanbul 72/ 59 0.28 71/ 55 PC 78/ 64 S
Kiev 61/ 53 0.05 66/ 48 PC 63/ 45 PC
Lisbon 79/ 64 0 77/ 66 C 75/ 59 T
London 61/ 50 0.27 61/ 50 PC 57/ 52 R
Madrid 86/ 63 0 89/ 61 PC 88/ 54 W
Moscow 68/ 50 0 63/ 53 Sh 61/ 44 R
Nice 73/ 63 0 76/ 65 S 78/ 68 PC
Oslo 52/ 32 0 48/ 39 R 55/ 37 PC
Paris 63/ 40 0.06 67/ 51 PC 79/ 61 C
Prague 59/ 39 0 63/ 41 Sh 63/ 45 PC
Rome 73/ 55 0 77/ 63 S 79/ 66 PC
St. Petersburg 59/ 48 0.01 60/ 48 C 56/ 44 R
Stockholm 55/ 39 0.36 54/ 46 Sh 55/ 41 PC
Vienna 64/ 37 0 70/ 51 T 66/ 54 PC
Warsaw 63/ 37 0 57/ 41 T 59/ 39 PC
Acapulco 87/ 78 0.31 91/ 78 T 91/ 78 T
Bermuda 81/ 75 0.11 83/ 75 PC 83/ 75 S
Edmonton 73/ 37 0 78/ 41 S 78/ 39 S
Guadalajara 80/ 53 0 82/ 55 T 80/ 57 T
Havana 86/ 73 0.12 88/ 72 T 89/ 72 T
Kingston 91/ 81 0.05 90/ 80 T 91/ 79 T
Martinique 93/ 74 0.03 89/ 78 PC 89/ 77 Sh
Mexico City 72/ 51 0 75/ 51 PC 72/ 53 T
Monterrey 88/ 65 0 90/ 65 S 89/ 68 PC
Montreal 66/ 55 Tr 70/ 53 T 61/ 44 C
Nassau 90/ 79 0.03 87/ 79 T 87/ 78 T
Panama City 86/ 77 0.29 90/ 74 T 88/ 75 T
Quebec City 68/ 46 0 72/ 56 C 61/ 42 C
Santo Domingo 90/ 73 0 89/ 73 T 89/ 73 Sh
Toronto 68/ 55 0 64/ 46 Sh 58/ 42 C
Vancouver 61/ 54 0 65/ 53 PC 69/ 55 PC
Winnipeg 57/ 32 0.04 56/ 28 PC 63/ 42 S
Buenos Aires 64/ 41 0 65/ 45 S 64/ 50 PC
Caracas 93/ 78 0.04 94/ 78 PC 92/ 77 T
Lima 67/ 59 0 70/ 58 PC 69/ 58 PC
Quito 72/ 45 0 70/ 52 T 69/ 49 T
Recife 81/ 75 0 85/ 75 PC 83/ 75 R
Rio de Janeiro 90/ 70 0.04 73/ 62 R 73/ 64 Sh
Santiago 77/ 37 0 77/ 50 S 73/ 48 S
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 
nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New 
York Harbor.
Small craft should exercise caution as wind from the 
south rises to 12-25 knots. Waves will be 3-5 feet on 
the ocean, 1-2 feet on Long Island Sound and and 1 
foot or less on New York Harbor.
Atlantic City  ................. 12:40 a.m.  .............. 1:19 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet  .............. 12:59 a.m.  .............. 1:30 p.m.
The Battery  .................... 1:40 a.m.  .............. 2:09 p.m.
Beach Haven  ................. 2:29 a.m.  .............. 3:00 p.m.
Bridgeport  ..................... 4:42 a.m.  .............. 5:07 p.m.
City Island  ...................... 4:35 a.m.  .............. 4:57 p.m.
Fire Island Lt.  ................. 1:57 a.m.  .............. 2:28 p.m.
Montauk Point  ................ 2:09 a.m.  .............. 2:49 p.m.
Northport  ....................... 4:37 a.m.  .............. 5:02 p.m.
Port Washington  ............ 4:21 a.m.  .............. 4:43 p.m.
Sandy Hook  ................... 1:11 a.m.  .............. 1:42 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet  .......... 12:32 a.m.  .............. 1:03 p.m.
Stamford  ........................ 4:45 a.m.  .............. 5:10 p.m.
Tarrytown  ....................... 3:29 a.m.  .............. 3:58 p.m.
Willets Point  ................... 4:32 a.m.  .............. 4:54 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 75/ 60 0
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tlamb38
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