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The New York Times - Saturday, September 15, 2012

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VOL.CLXI..No. 55,895
©2012 The New York Times
Late Edition
Today,partly sunny, breezy, a bit
cooler, high 75. Tonight,clear, cool-
er than the past few nights, low 58.
Tomorrow,an abundance of sun,
high 73. Weather map, Page C8.
President Obama has taken
away Mitt Romney’s longstand-
ing advantage as the candidate
voters say is most likely to re-
store the economy and create
jobs, according to the latest poll
by The New York Times and CBS
News, which found a modest
sense of optimism among Ameri-
cans that White House policies
are working.
But while the climate for Mr.
Obama has improved since mid-
summer, and Mr. Romney has
failed to shift sentiment decisive-
ly in his favor, the poll found that
the presidential race is narrowly
divided. The outcome could still
turn on unexpected events and
how the candidates are perceived
after their three debates next
With their conventions behind
them and the general election
campaign fully engaged, the
Democratic Party is viewed more
favorably than the Republican
Party. The poll also found that
more likely voters give an edge to
Mr. Obama on foreign policy,
Medicare and addressing the
challenges of the middle class.
The only major issue on which
Mr. Romney held an advantage
was handling the federal budget
The nationwide poll was con-
ducted during a turbulent week
in the campaign, with a new tor-
rent of television ads from Mr.
Romney, a disappointing jobs re-
port for Mr. Obama and both can-
didates reacting to deadly vio-
lence in Egypt, Libya and across
the Arab world.
Among those considered most
likely to vote, the president was
the choice of 49 percent to 46 per-
cent for Mr. Romney, including
those who said they were leaning
in one direction or another. It is
within the survey’s margin of
sampling error of plus or minus Poll Finds Obama Is Erasing
Romney’s Edge on Economy
Those who said the future of the next generation of Americans will be...
Age 18-29
All 32% 42
Continued on Page A14
CHICAGO — Five days into a
teachers’ strike that halted class-
es for 350,000 public school stu-
dents across this city, leaders on
both sides of the contract dispute
said on Friday that they had
reached the outlines of a deal.
While details of the agreement
had yet to be formally drafted
and leaders in the Chicago Teach-
ers Union still need to vote on
whether to lift the strike, schools
in the nation’s third-largest
school district were expected to
reopen as early as Monday. “The heavy lifting is over and
the framework is in place,” David
J. Vitale, president of the Chicago
Board of Education, said as he
emerged from what had been
days of tense, private negotia-
tions while tens of thousands of
teachers marched in red shirts
outside schools, in neighborhood
rallies and down Michigan Ave-
nue in the city’s showcase busi-
ness district.
Both sides said they planned to
complete the deal over the week-
Continued on Page A17
Chicago Forges
Outline to End
Teacher Strike
SACRAMENTO — The meet-
ing came to order, the five mem-
bers of the California Health Ben-
efit Exchange seated onstage
with dozens of consumer advo-
cates and others looking on. On
the agenda: what to name the
online marketplace where mil-
lions of residents will be able to
shop for medical coverage under
President Obama’s health care
An adviser presented the op-
tions, meant to be memorable,
appealing and clear. What about
CaliHealth? Or Healthifornia?
Or Avocado?
“I am kind of drawn to Avo-
cado,” declared Kim Belshé, a
member of the exchange’s board
of directors, which is hustling to
make dozens of decisions as the
clock ticks toward deadlines set
by the law.
Delay and outright resistance
to the health care overhaul might
be the norm in much of the coun-
try, but not here. California —
home to seven million uninsured
people, more than any other state
Continued on Page A3
California Tries To Guide Way
On Health Law
Anti-American rage that began
this week over a video insult to
Islam spread to nearly 20 coun-
tries across the Middle East and
beyond on Friday, with violent
and sometimes deadly protests
that convulsed the birthplaces of
the Arab Spring revolutions,
breached two more United States
Embassies and targeted diplo-
matic properties of Germany and
The broadening of the protests
appeared to reflect a pent-up re-
sentment of Western powers in
general, and defied pleas for re-
straint from world leaders, in-
cluding the new Islamist presi-
dent of Egypt, Mohamed Morsi,
whose country was the instigator
of the demonstrations that erupt-
ed three days earlier on the anni-
versary of the Sept. 11, 2001, at-
The anger stretched from
North Africa to South Asia and
Indonesia and in some cases was
surprisingly destructive. In Tu-
nis, an American-run school that
was untouched during the revolu-
tion nearly two years ago was
completely ransacked. In eastern
Afghanistan, protesters burned
an effigy of President Obama,
who had made an outreach to
Muslims a thematic pillar of his
first year in office. The State Department con-
firmed that protesters had pene-
trated the perimeters of the
American Embassies in the Tu-
nisian and Sudanese capitals, and
said that 65 embassies or consul-
ates around the world had issued
emergency messages about
threats of violence, and that
those facilities in Islamic coun-
tries were curtailing diplomatic
activity. The Pentagon said it
sent Marines to protect embas-
sies in Yemen and Sudan.
The wave of unrest not only in-
creased concern in the West but
raised new questions about politi-
cal instability in Egypt, Tunisia
and other Middle East countries
where newfound freedoms, once
suppressed by autocratic leaders,
have given way to an absence of
authority. The protests also
seemed to highlight the unintend-
ed consequences of America’s
support of movements to over-
throw those autocrats, which
have empowered Islamist groups
that remain implacably hostile to
the West.
“We have, throughout the Arab
world, a young, unemployed,
alienated and radicalized group
of people, mainly men, who have
found a vehicle to express them-
selves,” Rob Malley, the Middle
East-North African program di-
rector for the International Crisis
Group, a consulting firm, said in a
telephone interview from Tripoli,
Libya. In a number of these countries,
Anti-American Protests Flare Beyond the Mideast
Protesters in front of the burning German Embassy in Khartoum after Friday Prayer.
Supporters of Hamas burned an American flag on Friday at a Gaza City demonstration. AMINE LANDOULSI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Protesters clashed with police officers outside the United States Embassy in Tunis.
German and British
Properties Become
Targets of Attack
Continued on Page A10
In 1988, when Anne Fadiman
met Lia Lee, then 5,for the first
time, she wrote down her im-
pressions in four spare lines that
now read like found poetry:
barefoot mother gently rocking
silent child
diaper, sweater, strings around
like a baby, but she’s so big
mother kisses and strokes her
The story of Lia, the severely
brain-damaged daughter of
Hmong refugees who had reset-
tled in California, became the
subject of Ms. Fadiman’s first
book, “The Spirit Catches You
and You Fall Down,” published in
Its title is the English transla-
tion of the condition known as
qaug dab peg (pronounced “kow
da pay”), the Hmong term for
epilepsy, from which Lia had suf-
fered since infancy.
In traditional Hmong belief,
qaug dab peg, like many illness-
es, is spiritual in origin, caused
when the soul becomes separat-
ed from the body. A traditional
cure might entail visits from a
shaman, who would attempt to
reunite body and soul. A work of narrative nonfiction,
Ms. Fadiman’s book is a caution-
ary tale about the cultural chasm
between Lia’s family, with its
generations-old animist beliefs,
and her rationalist American doc-
tors. “In some sense, I was trying to
provide a way of controlling her
seizures with Western methods
and Western medicines,” said Dr.
Neil Ernst, who with his wife, Dr.
Peggy Philp, was one of the pedi-
atricians who treated Lia early
on. “And in some sense, the Lees
were giving up control of their
child to a system that they didn’t
That cultural divide — despite
the best intentions of both sides,
Ms. Fadiman wrote — may have
brought about Lia’s condition, a
consequence of a catastrophic
seizure when she was 4.
Over the years, whenever Ms.
Fadiman lectured about the book,
readers would press a single
question on her before any other:
“Is Lia still alive?”
Lia Lee died in Sacramento on
Aug. 31. (Her death was not wide-
ly reported outside California.)
The immediate cause was pneu-
monia, Ms. Fadiman said. But
Lia’s underlying medical issues LIA LEE, 1982-2012 Continued on Page D8
Lia Lee in 1988. Life Went On Around Her, Redefining Care by Bridging a Divide
Federal and state authorities are inves-
tigating a handful of major American
banks for failing to monitor cash trans-
actions. PAGE B1
Money-Laundering Inquiry
The second round at the Women’s
British Open was suspended,and all
players’ scores were voided as winds of
up to 60 miles an hour created
unplayable conditions at Royal
Liverpool Golf Club. PAGE D1
Entire Field Gets a Mulligan
An unknown manuscript of a 1941 novel
by Claude McKay, the first black Ameri-
can best-selling novelist, has been au-
thenticated by a Columbia graduate stu-
dent and his adviser. PAGE C1
Harlem Renaissance Lives On
In “The End of Men,”
Hanna Rosin argues
that women are in-
creasingly dominant
around the world. BOOK REVIEW
A Woman’s Place
The White House gave an account of
what $100 billion in budget cuts will look
like if Congress fails to act. PAGE A17 NATIONAL A16-18 Sequestration, Line by Line
A woman said she had told a park rang-
er about her first confrontation with the
man accused of raping her. PAGE A19
Rape Victim Speaks Out
Over 11 hectic days the Toronto Interna-
tional Film Festival showcases big stars
and the avant-garde, with glamour soft-
ened by a homey, comfy atmosphere in
the event’s 37th year. PAGE C1
Highbrow and Lowdown
Gail Collins
Works of art sometimes create more ex-
citement than their creators expect, and
it isn’t always pleasant.
Off to a Shocking Start
Federal Reserve’s vice chairman
said in a 1994 speech that the cen-
tral bank “had a role in reducing
unemployment,” colleagues were
publicly dismissive. The very
word “employment” did not ap-
pear in a policy statement until
2008. The Fed was focused on in-
flation, officials said time and
That era is over. The signs
have been there for some time,
but they are now unmistakable.
Ben S. Bernanke, the Fed’s chair-
man, made clear on Thursday
that job creation is its primary
concern for the foreseeable fu-
The remarkable transforma-
tion of the Fed’s priorities is part-
ly a response to the grim reality
that more than 20 million Ameri-
cans cannot find full-time jobs. It
is made easier by the fact that the
Fed has been so successful in sta-
bilizing inflation right around the
2 percent annual pace that offi-
cials consider most healthy.
But as circumstances have
changed, so has the Fed itself.
Under the leadership of Mr. Ber-
nanke — with considerable prod-
ding and support from a board al-
most entirely appointed by Presi-
dent Obama — the central bank
has gradually concluded that it
has a responsibility to act more
forcefully, and,equally impor-
tant,that it has the ability to spur
job creation directly.
These conclusions remain Fed Responds to a Grim Reality Continued on Page A3
Xi Jinping, set to be China’s next leader,
reappeared in public two weeks after
mysteriously vanishing. PAGE A8 INTERNATIONAL A4-12
Chinese Leader Resurfaces
A French magazine’s photographs of the
Duchess of Cambridge sunbathing top-
less have riled the British royal house-
hold, which has filed suit. PAGE A4
Royals Sue Over Topless Photo
A judge in Wisconsin struck down much
of a law restricting public employees’
ability to bargain collectively. PAGE A16
Anti-Union Law Overturned
Inside The Times
An article on Thursday about
diplomatic repercussions from
attacks on the embassy in Egypt
and the mission in Libya referred
imprecisely to Egypt’s ranking
among recipients of American
foreign aid. While Egypt has usu-
ally ranked second, behind Israel,
since the Camp David Accords in
1978, in recent years military as-
sistance, reconstruction and oth-
er spending relating to the wars
in Iraq and Afghanistan have
moved those countries along with
Pakistan into the top five recipi-
ents. Counting this war-related
spending as foreign aid, Egypt
now ranks fifth, not second.
An article on Friday about the
arrest of a man in the rape of a
73-year-old woman in Central
Park misstated, in some editions,
the length of time three rookie
police officers who apprehended
the suspect have been on the
force. They have been with the
department since January, not
“for just six months.”
Because of an editing error, a
picture caption on Wednesday
with an article about the 11th an-
niversary of the Sept. 11 terrorist
attacks misidentified, in some
editions, a woman whose son
died in the attacks and who at-
tended a commemoration on
Tuesday. The woman, Virginia
Pacheco, was second from left,
not “left,” in a photograph with
many American flags in the fore-
An article on Friday about a
food-labeling referendum in Cali-
fornia that is putting some or-
ganic food brands at odds with
their corporate parents misiden-
tified the owner of the yogurt
brand Stonyfield Farm. It is ma-
jority-owned by Groupe Danone,
not by Dannon. (The Dannon
Company is a subsidiary of
Groupe Danone.)
The Advertising column on Fri-
day, about a marketing campaign
for Healthy Choice frozen din-
ners, misstated the year the
brand was introduced by ConA-
gra Foods. It was 1988, not 1998.
An article last Saturday about
the Vanderbilt football coach
James Franklin misstated the ori-
gins of the “V-U” hand symbol,
made by holding up the thumb,
index and middle finger spread
apart. Franklin helped popularize
it; he did not come up with it. (It
was introduced by the universi-
ty’s cheerleaders in 2003.)
The Antiques column on Fri-
day, using information from the
dealer Vintage Memorabilia, mis-
stated the closing date of its auc-
tion of items related to the mur-
ders that were the subject of “In
Cold Blood” by Truman Capote
and misstated the range of mini-
mum bids. The closing date has
been extended to Sept. 30 (it had
been Friday), and the range of
minimum bids has been changed
to $2,500-$5,000 from $2,500-
A review on Page 20 this week-
end about “Breasts: A Natural
and Unnatural History,” by Flor-
ence Williams, misstates the ef-
fects of burst silicone breast im-
plants that resulted in a moratori-
um by the Food and Drug Admin-
istration on the devices for most
patients in 1992. While women
with burst implants made reports
of “ailments that ranged from
joint pain to lupus,” the implants
were not shown to have caused
those ailments. (Subsequent
studies have not linked silicone
implants to any disease, and the
moratorium was lifted in 2006.)
The review also misidentifies
the type of implants involved in
most breast augmentation today.
Silicone implants are most fre-
quently used, not saline implants.
We are the example.
If it can be done here, it
can be done anywhere.
ANTHONY WRIGHT, executive director of Health
Access California, whose state
is in the vanguard of aggres-
sively implementing the Af-
fordable Care Act. [A3]
Joe Nocera PAGE A23
Charles M. Blow PAGE A23
PHOTOGRAPHS The authorities in
much of the Muslim world braced
for demonstrations after Friday
prayers, an occasion often associat-
ed with public displays of dissent.
C4 Crossword
C4 Obituaries
D8 TV Listings
C6 Weather
C8 Classified Ads D7 Religious Services A18 Commercial Real Estate Marketplace B2 Errors and Comments: or call
or fax (212) 556-3622.
Public Editor: Readers dissatisfied
with a response or concerned about
the paper’s journalistic integrity can
reach the public editor,Margaret
Sullivan, at
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
Japan Aims to Stop Using
Nuclear Power by 2040
Japan said that it would seek to
phase out nuclear power by 2040 —
a significant shift for a country that
has long staked its future on such
energy, but one that falls far short of
the decisive steps the government
had promised in the wake of the
world’s second-largest nuclear plant
disaster last year.
PAGE A4 Putin Opponent Is Cast Out
Russia’s Parliament took the rare
step of expelling one of its members,
a four-term lawmaker and former
K.G.B. officer who last year crossed
a political line in the sand, joining
crowds calling for Vladimir V. Putin
to give up power.
South Africa’s Crackdown
In an attempt to stanch a spreading
crisis in South Africa’s platinum and
gold mining regions and amid calls
for a national miners’ strike, the
government said it would crack
down on illegal gatherings and ar-
rest people who congregate with
PAGE A6 China Official Set for Trial
A Chinese official at the center of
one of the country’s biggest political
scandals in years will go on trial on
Tuesday, court officials said. The of-
ficial, Wang Lijun, a police chief with
ties to the fallen politician Bo Xilai,
fled to a United States Consulate
and stayed there for 24 hours before
being taken into custody. PAGE A8 From Banking to Fashion
When an Indian investment banker,
Poornima Vardhan, came back to In-
dia from the United States, she
needed to remake her wardrobe.
Now, she manages brand strategy
for a leading fashion house in India,
where distinctive clothing styles
have managed to survive the West’s
cultural onslaught. PAGE A8 French Split on Energy
After just four months in power,
France’s governing coalition of the
Socialist Party and the Greens is
marred by deep ideological divi-
sions over how quickly and sharply
the country should move to reduce
its heavy dependence on nuclear en-
ergy. PAGE A12
Ex-Employers Comment
On Doctor’s Porn Arrest
A prestigious Massachusetts prep
school and a pediatric hospital said
that they had no indication that any
of the children they served were
harmed by a doctor who worked for
both institutions and now stands ac-
cused of receiving child pornogra-
Fast Pace for Reprieves
More than 82,000 illegal immigrants
have applied for a two-year reprieve
from deportation in the first 30
working days of an Obama adminis-
tration program, and 29 have been
approved, officials from the Depart-
ment of Homeland Security said.
Obama Birth Petition Ends
Citing an angry backlash, a Kansas
man withdrew a petition arguing
President Obama should be re-
moved from the state’s election bal-
lot because he did not meet citizen-
ship requirements. The challenge
prompted state election authorities
to seek a certified copy of Mr. Oba-
ma’s birth certificate.
Romney Stumbles on Iran
Mitt Romney, in an interview, used
imprecise language to describe
what his “red line” is on Iran’s nu-
clear program, saying it was acqui-
sition of a weapon, not “capability”
as his aides have said.
Under Cover of Darkness,
A New Season Slips In
In the cocoon of the home, in the si-
lence lately filled by the air-condi-
tioner, the air flowing in feels,
smells, tastes different — not just
because it is cooler, but also because
it is hailing from a different part of
the planet.
PAGE A19 Tight State Senate Race
With absentee ballots still to be
counted, Senator Stephen M.
Saland, a lawyer from Poughkeep-
sie, clung to a 42-vote lead over his
primary opponent,who waged a
shoestring campaign focused on
same-sex marriage. PAGE A21
Exchange Settles Case
Over Early Data Access
In the latest federal action against a
major exchange, the New York
Stock Exchange settled accusations
that its trading data gave select cli-
ents a split-second advantage over
retail investors.
PAGE B1 Ex-UBS Trader on Trial
Fictitious trading and brazen gam-
bling by a single individual could
have brought down the Swiss finan-
cial giant UBS, a British prosecutor
said during the trial of a former
bank employee accused of causing a
multibillion-dollar trading loss.
PAGE B3 Predictions for Minor Boost
The Federal Reserve’s ambitious ef-
fort to spur the recovery by aiding
the housing market is likely to have
a modest effect on home sales, given
the pervasive weakness in the real
estate market and the economy, ex-
perts predicted.
PAGE B4 Slovenia May Need Bailout
Small, affluent, and Westward-lean-
ing, Slovenia was welcomed with
open arms into the European Union
in 2004 and adopted the euro three
years later. But last month the
prime minister warned that debt
troubles could eventually force the
Alpine nation to seek European aid.
Player’s Push for Gay Rights
Began at an Early Age
In recent weeks, Baltimore Ravens
linebacker Brendon Ayanbadejo has
been praised in many quarters for
supporting the legalization of same-
sex marriage. His stance is not new,
but it reached a wider audience af-
ter a Maryland delegate urged the
Ravens owner Steve Bisciotti to si-
lence him.
Peter Lougheed, 84
Mr. Lougheed was the Alberta pre-
mier who harnessed his province’s
vast oil and gas resources to trans-
form its economy.
What Books Used to Say
To Each Other
In “Crossing Borders: Manuscripts
From the Bodleian Library” at the
Jewish Museum, centuries-old texts
in many languages reflect a multi-
tude of influences as they imitate,
argue with and supplant each other.
Exhibition Review.
PAGE C1 New Opera Center to Open
The new National Opera Center in
Midtown Manhattan will provide
spaces that are many steps up from
the basements where opera audi-
tions and rehearsals have often been
held, with a recording studio and a
rich library of books and scores.
— is at the forefront of prep-
arations for January 2014, when a
controversial requirement that
most Americans have medical
coverage or pay a penalty takes
effect. So far, only 13 states and the
District of Columbia have told the
Obama administration they in-
tend to set up the insurance ex-
changes that are supposed to
provide a marketplace for people
to buy health plans. None are be-
ing watched as closely as Califor-
nia, whose singular challenges,
from the size, diversity and geo-
graphic spread of its uninsured
population to its vast budget
problems, make it stand out.
Many feel a successful rollout
here could convince other states
with high numbers of uninsured
residents that the law can be
made to work for them. “We are the example,” said An-
thony Wright, executive director
of Health Access California, an
advocacy group. “If it can be
done here, it can be done any-
where.” The California Health Benefit
Exchange has already hired 50
employees and is poised to hire
50 more. Construction of the Web
portal through which some three
million people are expected to
buy insurance by 2019, and
through which many others will
likely enroll in Medicaid, is under
way. This fall, the board will seek
bids from insurers to sell plans
through the exchange, and it in-
tends to have the portal up and
running by next summer, several
months before enrollment starts
in October 2013. Realizing that much of the bat-
tle will be in the public relations
realm, the exchange has poured
significant resources into a de-
tailed marketing plan — devel-
oped not by state health bureau-
crats but by the global marketing
powerhouse Ogilvy Public Rela-
tions Worldwide, which has an
initial $900,000 contract with the
exchange. The Ogilvy plan in-
cludes ideas for reaching an unin-
sured population that speaks doz-
ens of languages and is scattered
through 11 media markets: ad-
vertising on coffee cup sleeves at
community colleges to reach
adult students, for example, and
at professional soccer matches to
reach young Hispanic men.
And Hollywood, an industry
whose major players have been
supportive of President Obama
and his agenda, will be tapped.
Plans are being discussed to
pitch a reality television show
about “the trials and tribulations
of families living without medical
coverage,” according to the Ogil-
vy plan. The exchange will also
seek to have prime-time televi-
sion shows, like “Modern Fam-
ily,” “Grey’s
Anatomy” and
Univision tele-
novelas, weave
the health care
law into their
plots. “I’d like to
see 10 of the
major TV
shows, or tele-
novelas, have
people talking about ‘that health
insurance thing,’” said Peter V.
Lee, the exchange’s executive di-
rector. “There are good story
lines here.” Although the exchange will not
start advertising until next year,
the California Endowment, a
foundation that has spent $15 mil-
lion promoting the law, is running
newspaper and television ads, in-
cluding one in which the televi-
sion personality Dr. Mehmet Oz
exhorts viewers to “get educated,
get engaged, get enrolled.” That
campaign has targeted Hispan-
ics, who make up more than half
of the state’s uninsured popula-
tion. But for all the progress, Cali-
fornia’s intractable budget woes
loom as a threat to implementa-
tion here. Even with the federal
government financing most of
the insurance expansion, the
state’s contribution could exceed
$2 billion a year, according to an
estimate that was made by the
administration of Gov. Arnold
Schwarzenegger, a Republican,
who signed the legislation creat-
ing an insurance exchange here
in September 2010, earlier than
any other state. Diana S. Dooley,
the state’s Health and Human
Services secretary, said the ad-
ministration of Gov. Jerry Brown,
a Democrat, was working on a
new estimate.
Mr. Brown, while supportive of
the law, has not spent much time
talking it up publicly, in part, Ms.
Dooley said, because he is “abso-
lutely laser-focused on getting
the budget balanced.” To help close a $16 billion def-
icit, Mr. Brown made more than
$1 billion in cuts from Medicaid
and other health programs even
though about a million of the Cali-
fornians expected to gain cover-
age through the health care law
by 2019 would get it through a
prescribed expansion of Medic-
aid. (Those who buy private in-
surance through the exchange
will be able to get federal sub-
sidies to help cover the cost if
they earn up to four times the
federal poverty level, or current-
ly $92,200 for a family of four.)
Mr. Brown is hoping voters will
approve a package of temporary
tax increases in November to
avoid $6 billion more in cuts. Ms.
Dooley said that without the tax
package, carrying out the health
law might be at risk, including
the expansion of Medicaid.
“I wouldn’t characterize it as
all bets are off,” she said. “I’m
just saying nothing is protected.”
The exchange itself has so far
been financed by three grants,
worth $237 million, from the fed-
eral government. Most of the
money is committed to consult-
ants, including Accenture, which
has a $327 million contract to
build and support the initial oper-
ation of the enrollment portal. Ms. Dooley said getting the en-
rollment system up and running
in such a tight time frame was
one of her biggest worries. The
other, she said, was making sure
the health plans sold through the
exchange were affordable. The
federal law lists 10 categories of
“essential health benefits” that
plans sold through exchanges
must provide, but Ms. Dooley
said those categories “go beyond
what I would call essential.”
“It’s all good for consumers,”
she said. “But somebody’s got to
pay for it, and that’s going to go
into the premium.”
Despite the full-throttle ap-
proach here, another uncertainty
is the outcome of the presidential
race. Mitt Romney, the Repub-
lican nominee, has vowed to re-
peal the health care law and re-
structure Medicaid, not only
scrapping the planned expansion
but making the program much
leaner. Even without a repeal,
Republicans could undo the fed-
eral subsidies and other financ-
ing for the law if they won the
presidency and even a narrow
majority in the Senate. “If the federal funding
stopped,” Mr. Lee said, “we
would be at a ‘press reset’ but-
ton.” In a Field Poll released on Aug.
20, 54 percent of California voters
said they supported the health
care law, compared with 37 per-
cent who said they were opposed.
Support was strongest among
blacks (88 percent) and Hispan-
ics (67 percent), who together
make up more than 44 percent of
the state’s population. Voters of
Vietnamese and Korean descent
also firmly supported the law, but
white and Chinese voters were
more divided. The poll of 1,579
voters, conducted in July, has a
sampling error of plus or minus 3
percentage points. Only 17 percent of respondents
said they had seen, heard or read
anything about the insurance ex-
change though. Still, 75 percent of
those who are not insured
through their employer or Medi-
care said they would be interest-
ed in using the exchange to shop
for health insurance. Mr. Lee said the fact that few
people had heard of the exchange
was “totally unsurprising.” A
catchy new name might help
spread the word, he said; a deci-
sion on Avocado and the other fi-
nalists should come next month. “The fact that very few people
have heard about us isn’t an is-
sue,” Mr. Lee said. “Come back in
a year.”
Members of the audience lined up to speak at a meeting of the California Health Benefit Exchange last month in Sacramento.
California Tries to Guide the Way on Health Law
From Page A1
Californians’ Views On the Health Care Law
In a recent poll, a majority of California voters said they support the health care overhaul ...
... And most said they think an online health insurance exchange will be helpful for residents ...
... But few said they had seen, heard or read anything about California’s exchange.
Don’t know
Support 54%
Very helpful
Not too/
Not at all
Source: Field Research Corporation Poll of 1,579 California voters from July 12 to 29
Peter Lee
deeply controversial. Many mon-
etary economists take the view
that central banks should focus
exclusively on controlling infla-
tion, which creates an environ-
ment conducive to economic
growth and job creation. Some
argue that the Fed’s efforts to
spur job growth by decreasing
long-term borrowing costs will
inevitably result in higher infla-
tion, eventually reducing growth
and employment.
And it is clear that many eco-
nomic problems are beyond the
reach of monetary policy. The
Fed cannot force Congress to
budget. It cannot repair consum-
er credit nor change Europe into
something more sensible. Even
the most optimistic analysts do
not think its efforts will return
unemployment to its precrisis
Mr. Bernanke’s predecessor,
Alan Greenspan, once told his
board that he did not want to
mention job creation as a policy
objective because the Fed would
be making a promise that it
lacked the power to keep. Mr.
Bernanke, by contrast, has de-
cided to make the promise and
try to deliver on it — not just be-
cause he thinks that it is within
the Fed’s power, but at least in
part because he thinks it is im-
portant to try.
“Up until now the Fed has been
very cautious in interpreting the
dual mandate,” said Stephen D.
Oliner,a scholar at the American
Enterprise Institute who worked
as a staff economist at the Fed-
eral Reserve for more than 25
years.“They have not really ag-
gressively pursued a trade-off be-
tween inflation and unemploy-
ment. And what they’re now do-
ing is they’re saying we’re kind
of rebalancing to put greater
weight on unemployment.”
The evolution of the Fed’s
thinking has been visible in its
public statements. It made no di-
rect reference to the labor mar-
ket in its policy statements until
December 2008, according to a
reviewby Daniel L. Thornton,an
economist at the Federal Reserve
Bank of St. Louis. In January, the
Fed for the first time cited the un-
employment rate as a primary
reason for a new policy.
When the Fed started its last
major round of asset purchases,
officials said they were primarily
concerned about the risk of defla-
tion — the possibility that prices
would actually begin to fall, with
chaotic consequences. On Thursday, Mr. Bernanke
said the Fed was acting because
of its “grave concern” about un-
employment, including the long-
term consequences for the many
people and families that have
now spent years without jobs.
In an important departure
from past policy, the Fed also in-
dicated that it was willing to tol-
erate somewhat higher inflation
as the economy began to recover,
although it remained determined
to keep inflation around the 2 per-
cent rate.
Some economists argue that
Mr. Bernanke’s actions are con-
sistent with the Fed’s longstand-
ing approach, which has always
struck a balance between infla-
tion and economic growth. “The actions are very different
because of a very different situa-
tion,” said Frederic S. Mishkin,a
former Fed governor and eco-
nomics professor at Columbia
University. “All of this I see as be-
ing completely consistent with
what the Fed’s mandate has been
and what the Fed has viewed that
mandate to be.”
It is clear, moreover, that Mr.
Bernanke continues to consider
low, stable inflation as the single
most important contribution that
monetary policy can make to
long-term prosperity. The Fed is
addressing unemployment in the
same spirit that people use little
buckets to fight fires: water is
better than nothing.
Nor has the Fed changed its
longstanding view that trying to
minimize unemployment tends to
produce inflation — officials are
confident that the economy has a
lot of room to grow.
But other economists still see
the focus on unemployment as an
important rebalancing of the
Fed’s approach to monetary poli-
cy — an attempt by Mr. Bernanke
to combine the best practices of
the last 30 years with a commit-
ment to broader priorities.
The Fed’s focus on inflation be-
gan in the late 1970s with the ap-
pointment of Paul A. Volcker as
chairman. The nation was
plagued by galloping inflation,
caused in part by the Fed’s previ-
ous focus on unemployment, and
as Mr. Volcker succeeded in driv-
ing down inflation, and the nation
prospered, his successors took
away a simple lesson: Control in-
flation and jobs will follow.
Unemployment had faded from
the Fed’s vocabulary by 1994,
when the Fed’s vice chairman,
Alan S. Blinder, told a disapprov-
ing audience at a policy confer-
ence in Jackson Hole, Wyo., that
job creation deserved the central
bank’s attention, too.
“There was an overweening
concern about inflation com-
pared to unemployment,” Profes-
sor Blinder, who left the board in
1996 and returned to work as an
economist at Princeton Universi-
ty, said in a recent interview.
“For many years, while the Fed
had a dual mandate, it essentially
never spoke about the unemploy-
ment part of it.”
He said he was glad to see that
was finally changing.
From Page A1
NEWS ANALYSIS Fed Responds to a Grim Reality
A significant shift in
policy to address
stubborn problems.
LONDON — In a dispute evoking
the furor that swirled around press
coverage of Diana, Princess of
Wales, Britain’s royal household be-
gan legal proceedings on Friday
against a French magazine that pub-
lished paparazzi photographs of the
former Kate Middleton, the wife of
Diana’s elder son, Prince William,
sunbathing topless at a secluded villa
in Provence. “St. James’s Palace confirms that
legal proceedings for breach of pri-
vacy have been commenced today in
France by the Duke and Duchess of
Cambridge against the publishers of
Closer Magazine France,” the cou-
ple’s office said in a statement.
Coming after the publication of
photographs last month of Prince
Harry, Diana’s younger son, cavort-
ing naked at a party in Las Vegas,
the appearance of the images of the
former Miss Middleton, now the
Duchess of Cambridge, in the French
edition of Closer revived old ques-
tions about the limits of royal pri-
vacy, which reached a crisis point
with Diana’s death in a Paris car
crash in 1997.
This time, royal anger was direct-
ed at the magazine, a celebrity scan-
dal sheet produced by an Italian pub-
lishing house owned by former
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi of
Italy. In a reversal, the palace out-
rage was echoed by the British tab-
loids that once hounded Diana, them-
selves under intense public scrutiny
for their recklessness on privacy is-
sues related to the phone hacking
scandal that has engulfed two tab-
loids owned by Rupert Murdoch.
Prince William, 30, who is second
in line to the throne, has repeatedly
insisted that he will do all he can to
shield the duchess from the round-
the-clock news media coverage that
Diana endured during and after her
marriage to Prince Charles, Wil-
liam’s father.
The photographs of the duchess
appeared to have been taken with a
long-lens camera shooting from van-
tage points adjacent to the villa in
France’s Alpine foothills. Palace offi-
cials said the royal couple, resting
before an official trip to Asia that is
now under way, had deliberately
sought out a remote and secluded lo-
cation to avoid such incidents.
In a statement on Friday, the royal
couple’s office at St. James’s Palace
called the publication of the pho-
tographs of the Duchess of Cam-
bridge “grotesque and totally unjus-
tifiable,” comparing the images with
“the worst excesses of the press and
paparazzi during the life of Diana,
Princess of Wales, and all the more
upsetting to the duke and duchess for
being so.” The images of the duchess were
not, initially at least, published in
Britain. A Web version of the cover of
Closer magazine hid its content be-
hind a thick, black bar. In France, the
magazine went on sale with a cover
showing the topless duchess, a head-
line in English saying, “Oh my God!”
and, in French, “The Photos That
Will Go Around the World.” Inside,
several grainy photographs showed
the royal couple sunbathing beside a
swimming pool.
The editor of Closer magazine in
France, Laurence Pieau, defended
the decision to publish the pictures.
“For me those pictures are not
shocking,” Ms. Pieau told The Asso-
ciated Press.“Just a beautiful couple,
an in-love couple in the south of
France. Kate is the girl next door.” Since the couple married, the Brit-
ish press has generally fallen in with
informal requests by their office for
privacy, although The Sun, a Mur-
doch-owned tabloid, published the
photographs of the naked Prince
Harry after they appeared else-
where. French legal experts who work on
privacy issues said the couple could
have a strong case under French pri-
vacy laws.
Royals Sue
Over Photos
Of Duchess,
Top Bared
The Duke and Duchess of Cam-
bridge in Malaysia on Friday.
A French magazine is
rebuked, accused of
invasion of privacy.
TOKYO — Japan said Friday that it
would seek to phase out nuclear power
by 2040 — a historic shift for a country
that has long staked its future on such
energy, but one that falls far short of the
decisive steps the government had
promised in the wake of the world’s sec-
ond-largest nuclear plant disaster last
Although the long-awaited energy pol-
icy was named the “Revolutionary Ener-
gy and Environment Strategy” by its au-
thors, it extends the expected transition
away from nuclear power by at least a
decade and includes caveats that appear
to allow some plants to operate for dec-
ades past even the new deadline. The government had been considering
several options: whether to close all the
plants over time or to maintain enough
reactors to provide a smaller but still
substantial percentage of the country’s
electricity needs. Before the nuclear ac-
cident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant,
Japan depended on its reactors for about
30 percent of its electricity and had
planned to raise that share to more than
50 percent by 2030.
The announcement comes after
months of increasing anxiety and in-
tense political pressure from those on
both sides of the debate who believe Ja-
pan’s future is at stake. Many political
and business leaders argue that shutting
nuclear plants would doom the resource-
poor country to high energy costs and a
deeper economic malaise. But many Jap-
anese, while acknowledging the econom-
ic upheaval it could cause, have ex-
pressed hope that the country will phase
out nuclear energy within two decades,
and a nascent, but increasingly vocal,
antinuclear movement has pressed for
even faster action. While important for setting a tone, the
announced strategy is subject to vast
change, not only because of the long lead
time, but also because the unpopular
prime minister, Yoshihiko Noda, and his
governing Democratic Party are likely to
lose the next national election, which
could be called within the next several
months. Analysts have suggested that the
Democrats timed the announcement to
give them a political lift, but it is unlikely
to appease either the antinuclear move-
ment or powerful business interests.
Those who favor a phaseout blasted
the strategy announced Friday as too
vague and drawn out. “It’s trickery with
words and numbers,” said Tetsunari Iida,
director of the Institute for Sustainable
Energy Policies, a research group based
in Tokyo. “The zero number might be
symbolic politically, but in reality, it
holds little meaning.” And an influential business federation,
Keidanren, made clear this week that
eliminating nuclear power was “unreal-
istic and unreachable,” according to its
chairman, Hiromasa Yonekura. With the long-term energy plan set,
the political battle is likely to refocus on
the struggle by the government to build
consensus for reopening the vast major-
ity of the country’s reactors, which were
idled after the nuclear catastrophe, amid
public opposition to restarts until better
safety regulations were in place. The government has sought repeated-
ly to regain the public’s trust, most re-
cently by scrapping its former nuclear
regulatory agency and creating a new
one. But that plan has already come un-
der fire, with criticism focusing on Shun-
ichi Tanaka, the head of a committee that
would set nuclear policy and retain over-
sight over the new agency and its leader-
ship. Mr. Tanaka is considered suspect by
those who favor tighter regulation be-
cause he helped lead a former govern-
ment commission tasked with building a
strong nuclear industry,raising fears
that the new regulator will be as lax as
the old.
In announcing the energy plan, Moto-
hisa Furukawa, the minister of state for
national policy, said there was no change
to the government’s quest to restart
those reactors. And although the long-
term plan stipulates that no new reactors
will be built, it leaves open the possibility
that seven reactors at varying stages of
construction could be activated. That de-
cision would be left up to the new nuclear
committee headed by Mr. Tanaka.
In addition, while the government said
reactors would be closed after life spans
of 40 years, it also said that exemptions
could be granted, suggesting that the
2040 deadline was flexible. At an unusually lively news confer-
ence, seemingly exasperated reporters
pressed for whether any firm decisions
had been made. One reporter for a Japa-
nese newspaper suggested that if re-
actors under construction come on line
and get exemptions for operating more
than 40 years, “then we could still have
reactors running in the 2070s,” a possibil-
ity Mr. Furukawa did not dispute.
The energy plan underscores the chal-
lenges Japan faces in extricating itself
from nuclear power.
The 2040 time frame would allow most
of the existing reactors to live out their
40-year life span, heading off costly
losses for their operators, which have al-
ready been saddled with the huge costs
of buying oil and natural gas to meet the
nuclear shortfall. With only two reactors operating, Ja-
pan struggled through a sweltering sum-
mer after parts of the country were
asked to conserve electricity use by as
much as 15 percent. Despite fears of
widespread blackouts, however, none
materialized, strengthening nuclear crit-
ics’ argument that Japan could do with-
out nuclear energy.
But the Keidanren business federation
and others have insisted that the higher
energy costs are crippling the country’s
economy. Tokyo Electric, Japan’s largest
utility and the operator of the Fukushima
Daiichi plant, has increased rates for
both homes and businesses.
Business leaders warn that such costs
will prompt more companies to move
their operations overseas. And costly
fuel imports already contributed last
year to Japan’s first annual trade deficit
in more than 30 years and made the na-
tion more dependent on oil and natural
gas from the volatile Middle East and
The balancing act that the government
is attempting made little impression on
the antinuclear protesters who now
gather every Friday night in Tokyo.
Many had expected the government to
at least phase out the reactors by 2030, a
date that had initially been discussed,
and some were angry that the time
frame was at least a decade longer. One of the protesters, Kumi Tomiyasu,
an employee at a Tokyo-based printing
company who attended a rally in front of
the prime minister’s office on Friday,
summed up his feelings this way:
“They’re ignoring the terror that many
of us feel toward nuclear power.” Japan Sets Policy to Phase Out Nuclear Power Plants by 2040
Protesters unhappy with Japan’s nuclear energy policy chanted slogans out-
side Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda’s official residence in Tokyo on Friday.
An unpopular government
proclaims goals that may
be changed considerably. By STEVEN ERLANGER
PARIS — André Malraux, the novelist and min-
ister of culture under Charles de Gaulle, told a
French-American journalist in the 1960s that the
Champs-Élysées — then considered the most beauti-
ful avenue in the world — had “an American base-
ment.” Today, American business and its brands are
prominently aboveground on a Champs-Élysées that
has largely lost its distinctive character and has be-
come far less French.
In a movement that has only accelerated in re-
cent years, a large part of the broad street has be-
come overrun with outlets for clothing brands that
most Americans would hardly consider haute cou-
ture or even exclusive. Banana Republic has just
opened a store, and Levi’s has a massive new space,
not far from the new H&M.They are joining, and
competing with, the Gap, Nike, Tommy Hilfiger and
Abercrombie & Fitch. At least Tiffany & Company is
coming, replacing a burger joint. The movie glamour that brought a young Jean
royal gardens of the Tuileries were extended by an
avenue of trees. By the late 18th century, as Paris
grew, it became a fashionable street, and the city
took control of it in 1828.
Connecting the Place de la Concorde, where Ma-
rie Antoinette and many others died at the guillotine
set up during the French Revolution, to the Arc de
Triomphe, which was inaugurated in 1836 to honor
the dead of the Revolution and the Napoleonic wars,
the avenue became the site of military parades by
both French troops and their conquerors. That in-
cluded the Germans in both 1871 and 1940, and the
Free French and the Allies after World War II. In
some sense, it remains the symbol of a liberated
France, for foreigners and the French themselves.
“In the 1950s and ’60s, the Champs-Élysées was
the place to be,” said Jacques Hubert-Rodier, 58, an
editorial writer at Les Echos, which used to have its
headquarters on the avenue. But “it’s no longer a Parisian place,” he said, add-
Seberg to the Champs-Élysées to meet Jean-Paul
Belmondo, her handsome gangster “dragueur,” or
skirt chaser, is long gone, as are most of the sights in
Jean-Luc Godard’s famous film of 1960, “Breathless,”
a kind of French hymn to American culture and cool.
The cool has faded amid the most recent mass-
market invasion. Few Parisians who do not work in
the neighborhood go to the Champs-Élysées any-
more, regarding it as a place for suburbanites and
tourists, many of them rich Arabs who seek out the
nightclubs. “It’s an avenue that doesn’t exist in the minds of
Parisians, in any case in their everyday lives,” said
Céline Orjubin, 31, a writer who came to Paris from
Brittany. “I don’t get an exotic feel out of the
Champs-Élysées. It feels more like nowhere, because
we find the same things as everywhere.” The Champs-Élysées — the name means the
Elysian Fields, a reference to its origins as fields and
market gardens — has long played a central role in
France. It began in the early 17th century, when the
Two McDonald’s restaurants are on the Champs-Élysées, and Banana Republic and Abercrombie & Fitch have their only French outlets there.
The Champs-Élysées, a Mall of America
Latest Mass-Market Invasion Leaves the Grand Avenue Far Less French Continued on Page A12
By Reuters
A United States citizen who
was freed from a Nicaraguan jail
after his 22-year prison sentence
for drug trafficking was thrown
out by an appeals court has left
the country and is safe in an un-
disclosed location, his supporters
said Friday.
After being detained in 2010,
Jason Puracal was found guilty of
drug trafficking and money laun-
dering, along with 10 Nicaraguan
co-defendants, by a trial judge
last year. Mr. Puracal’s case drew
support from international hu-
man rights activists who said he
was wrongly convicted. He has
maintained his innocence.
Mr. Puracal, 35, left La Modelo
prison in Tipitapa, east of Mana-
gua, on Thursday after an ap-
peals court ordered that he be set
free. At the time of his release, a
person familiar with the case said
that Mr. Puracal was restricted
from leaving Managua.
“Jason is out of Nicaragua. He
is in a safe and undisclosed loca-
tion,” a representative for Mr.
Puracal’s family said, without
Representatives of the family
have told reporters that he would
not be making any public state-
ments or doing interviews.
His sister, Janis Puracal, 33,
said Thursday that the family
wished to keep him close after
the nearly two-year ordeal.
“If this case has taught us any-
thing, it’s how much we value
each other and being close to
each other,” she said in a tele-
phone interview. “Family has al-
ways been a big deal to us. It was
taken away from us without any
choice on our part, and we don’t
want to let that happen again.”
Mr. Puracal, a native of Wash-
ington State, became a resident
of Nicaragua after serving there
as a Peace Corps volunteer in
2002. He married a Nicaraguan
woman, with whom he has a son.
Before his arrest, he was work-
ing at a real estate office in San
Juan del Sur, a surfing destina-
tion on the Pacific Coast. Mr.
Puracal’s supporters said he
came under suspicion because of
his job as a real estate agent,
which gave him control over
large sums of money held in es-
crow for property transactions.
Prosecutors said Mr. Puracal
used a real estate company to
buy properties with drug money.
They said Thursday that they
were considering appealing to
the country’s Supreme Court.
The appeals court heard Mr.
Puracal’s case last month after
his supporters pushed for a hear-
ing, saying he had been wrongly
convicted. The supporters redou-
bled their efforts this summer af-
ter learning that Mr. Puracal,
who had been in solitary confine-
ment, was put on suicide watch
by the Nicaraguan authorities.
The United Nations Working
Group on Arbitrary Detention
said in May that Mr. Puracal had
been arbitrarily imprisoned, and
recommended that he be freed.
Mr. Puracal’s other backers in-
clude a human rights lawyer who
previously worked on behalf of
Vaclav Havel, the former Czech
president,and the Nobel Peace
Prize laureates Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi of Myanmar and Des-
mond Tutu of South Africa.
Even the California Innocence
Project, which normally focuses
on wrongfully convicted inmates
in that state’s prison system, took
up his cause. Freed From Nicaragua Jail, American Is Said to Have Left Country
No day is complete
The New York Times.
MOSCOW — Russia’s Parlia-
ment on Friday took the rare step
of expelling one of its members, a
four-term lawmaker and former
K.G.B. officer who last year
crossed a political line in the
sand, joining crowds calling for
Vladimir V. Putin to give up pow-
The lawmaker, Gennadi V.
Gudkov — a gregarious, rumpled
populist in the vein of former
President Boris N. Yeltsin — ar-
rived at the Duma before the
opening of the plenary session, as
he has for the past 11 years. This
time, though, as he entered he re-
ferred to the hilltop where Jesus
was crucified, saying, “If this is
my Golgotha, I am ready to climb
up to it.” After he addressed the
hall, someone hissed, “Judas.”
Mr. Gudkov’s expulsion took
place without any judicial pro-
cess and was an extraordinary
step, even after a summer of
criminal cases against political
activists. Unlike the young blog-
gers and anarchists who have
been targets up until now, Mr.
Gudkov, 56, is a full-fledged mem-
ber of the elite, with contacts in
law enforcement and govern-
ment circles. By publicly stripping Mr. Gud-
kov of his status, the Kremlin
hopes to send a warning to other
insiders who might be tempted to
defect. But it is a gamble, it was
clear on Friday, as Mr. Gudkov
used his last moments as a law-
maker to open a new political ca-
“Do you understand your his-
torical responsibility?” he asked
the Duma, minutes before they
voted to exclude him. “You think
you’re stripping my mandate?
You’re stripping the mandate of
hundreds of thousands of my vot-
ers. They are the source of power,
and not the people sitting here.
We will all answer for this — es-
pecially those who are about to
violate the basic law of this coun-
try: the Russian Constitution.” The last time Parliament voted
to expel a member was in 1995,
when it moved against Sergei
Mavrodi, the founder of a notori-
ous pyramid scheme that bank-
rupted vast numbers of naïve in-
vestors. The action on Friday, on a vote
of 291 to 150, with 3 abstentions,
stripped Mr. Gudkov of his legis-
lative immunity, and prosecutors
announced that the authorities
would decide in the next two
weeks whether to bring criminal
charges against him.
The lawmakers revoked Mr.
Gudkov’s mandate because they
said he had operated a business
while holding office, which vio-
lates Russian law. He has denied
operating the business. He also
points out that many of the 450
legislators in the Duma have vast
personal wealth they could not
have accumulated on their five-
figure government salaries, but
have never been called to ac-
Nevertheless, the idea of pun-
ishing officials for corruption ap-
peals strongly to the average
Russian, and the evening news
featured polls showing that most
respondents supported punish-
ing Mr. Gudkov.
“Just the fact that the deputies,
by their own decision, have
stopped considering themselves
a ‘caste of untouchables’ is ex-
traordinarily important for the
institution of representative de-
mocracy,” said Aleksei Chesna-
kov, secretary of the general
council of United Russia, the pro-
Kremlin party that sponsored the
effort to unseat Mr. Gudkov, in
comments posted on the party’s
Web site.
Considering the recent crack-
down against protest leaders,
there was little question that the
Duma’s move was driven by Mr.
Gudkov’s opposition activity, and
there was some nervous joking
about which legislator would be
targeted next. In a jarring mo-
ment, the head of the ethics com-
mission that accused Mr. Gudkov
acknowledged that no legislator
in history had been expelled
without any judicial process. “My colleague said this was a
political case, and any of us could
be in his place — yes! It is politi-
cal,” said the official, Vladimir
Vasiliev, who then invoked an an-
ticorruption slogan popularized
by opposition leaders. Mr. Gudkov has spent most of
his career planted solidly within
Russia’s nomenklatura, offering
few signs that he would take on
the Kremlin, which may have
made his defection particularly
disturbing to Mr. Putin, who was
prime minister and is now presi-
dent. He aspired from boyhood to
join the Soviet intelligence serv-
ice, writing a letter offering his
services to Yuri V. Andropov, the
head of the K.G.B. from 1967 to
Like Mr. Putin, Mr. Gudkov has
called the collapse of the Soviet
system a great tragedy. After
leaving the K.G.B., he became a
major player in the private secu-
rity industry. He entered the
Duma after Mr. Putin became
president, and spent the first six
years allied with United Russia
before shifting to A Just Russia, a
docile minority party. He was a
voluble man’s man — the kind of
person a Russian would call a
“muzhik” — in a rubber-stamp
But that changed markedly
ahead of last year’s parliamenta-
ry elections, when Mr. Gudkov
delivered a fiery speech warning
that expected vote-rigging in fa-
vor of the ruling party would rad-
icalize voters and politicians like
himself. “Even a hare,” he said,
“when driven into a corner, will
turn into a beast.” His friend Ana-
toly Yermolin, another veteran
intelligence officer who split with
United Russia, said Mr. Gudkov
could hardly be called a radical.
“We are ordinary people, and
we answer normally when we are
treated normally,” he told the
Web site “When in-
stead the partnership offers us an
army-style central command —
well, in that case, any normal per-
son will fight back.”
As lawmakers filtered out of
the vote on Friday afternoon, Mr.
Gudkov’s allies said they would
devote new energy to publicizing
the wealth of lawmakers loyal to
Mr. Putin and called on the public
to attend an opposition demon-
stration planned for Saturday, at
which Mr. Gudkov is likely to be
the star. After he left the hall, Mr.
Gudkov walked slowly down the
crimson carpet that lines the
halls of the Duma, surrounded by
photographers and cameramen. “You are witnessing the birth
of a new public politician,” he
As such, Mr. Gudkov may
prove troublesome to the Krem-
lin, said Mark Galeotti, a special-
ist in Russian security services at
New York University. A figure
with Mr. Gudkov’s background
could tap into the dissatisfied
ranks of law enforcement, as well
as a variety of other Russians
who, as Mr. Galeotti put it, “may
not like to sip cappuccino in cof-
fee bars.”
“Gudkov has been made — I
wouldn’t say a martyr to the gen-
eral population, or to the hipster
class, but precisely to a new part
of the population that has not
been involved,” Mr. Galeotti said.
“He has been put in the position
where he has no scope for com-
promise. He has to back down. Or
he himself ups the ante. And I
think we know from the charac-
ter of Gudkov that the former is
unlikely.” Lawmaker Who Defied Putin Is Expelled by Colleagues
Gennadi V. Gudkov, who had spoken out earlier about election fraud, was voted out of office on
Friday by fellow members of Parliament in a procedure largely regarded as political retribution.
Parliament takes an
political step in the
aftermath of a rally. Anna Kordunsky contributed re-
tempt to stanch a spreading cri-
sis in South Africa’s platinum and
gold mining regions, the govern-
ment said Friday that it would
crack down on illegal gatherings
and arrest people who congre-
gate with weapons. South Africa’s justice minister,
Jeff Radebe, said at a news con-
ference that the government
would no longer tolerate violent
demonstrations at the mines,
which have been going on for five
weeks. “All those engaged in illegal ac-
tivities will be dealt with swiftly,”
Mr. Radebe said, without elab-
orating on how this would be
achieved. Mr. Radebe said the unrest
threatened to seriously dent the
country’s image as well as its
economy. “It appears now that
the mining industry is at stake,”
he said. South Africa’s mines have been
aflame since Aug. 16, when police
officers fired on platinum miners
in the town of Marikana who
were engaged in a wildcat strike
demanding higher wages from
the London-based company Lon-
min, which owns the mine. The shootings killed 34 people,
and 10 others died in earlier vio-
lence, including two police offi-
cers who were hacked to death
by the miners. South Africa has the world’s
largest reserves of platinum, and
earlier this week the world’s larg-
est platinum producer, Anglo
American Platinum, announced
that it would shut down produc-
tion amid the unrest. Julius Malema, a radical youth
leader who was expelled from the
African National Congress earli-
er this year, has called for a na-
tional mine strike. Workers holding spears and
clubs have gathered at several
mines, demanding higher wages.
The unrest is the bloodiest to hit
South Africa since the end of
apartheid in 1994, when the coun-
try held its first multiracial elec-
tions. While the end of apartheid
ended white minority rule in poli-
tics, the country’s wealth re-
mains concentrated in the hands
of whites and a few black elites.
Anger over joblessness, deepen-
ing inequality and persistent pov-
erty have helped drive the wave
of unrest in the mines. The government took action on
Friday after weeks of withering
criticism that it had reacted too
slowly to the crisis. It let the ille-
gal strike at Lonmin fester for
more than a week, as workers
gathered on a hilltop armed with
spears, machetes and clubs. It
did not act even after the two po-
lice officers, and two security
guards, were killed. President Ja-
cob Zuma was at a conference in
Mozambique when the police
shootings took place, and he did
not return until the following day
despite widespread outrage at
the killings. After earlier saying that the
strikes were unlikely to affect
South Africa’s growth prospects,
Finance Minister Pravin Gord-
han on Friday called the unrest
“extremely damaging.” South Africa Warns Against Violence as Protests Fester
Officials fear unrest in mining areas is
hurting the country’s
image and economy.
KABUL, Afghanistan — Insur-
gents using guns and rockets or
mortars launched an audacious
attack on the largest NATO base
in Helmand Province shortly af-
ter midnight Saturday morning,
killing two American service
members, according to a spokes-
man for the international forces
here. The base, Camp Bastion, is
where Prince Harry is serving as
a member of a British helicopter
unit. Prince Harry was not in any
danger, said the spokesman,
Master Sgt. Bob Barko. It was
not clear whether the attack was
meant to be an attempt on the
prince’s life, Sergeant Barko said.
The Taliban have vowed to kill
him. Camp Bastion is home to the
largest number of British troops
in Afghanistan, while the neigh-
boring Camp Leatherneck is a
mainly American base. A spokes-
man for the international forces
said that the military did not yet
have details on the exact location
of the attack. Although rocket attacks on
both bases occur periodically, the
latest one appears to have been
far more serious,and possibly in-
volved more assailants. Sergeant
Barko said that because of the
early hour, it was “difficult to
know much yet,” though a
spokesman for the International
Security Assistance Force con-
firmed on Saturday that the two
service members who were killed
were United States Marines. He described the attackers as
using “indirect fire,” a term that
can mean rockets or mortars as
well as small-arms fire. The insurgents in Helmand, in
southern Afghanistan,are over-
whelmingly Taliban, but the mil-
itary in the early stages of its as-
sessment was reluctant to say de-
finitively that Taliban insurgents
were behind the attack.
On the anniversary of the Sept.
11 attacks on Tuesday, Zabiullah
Mujahid, a spokesman for the
Taliban, was quoted by British
news organizations as saying the
insurgents would do everything
in their power to eliminate Prince
Harry, 27, who is third in line for
the British throne.
“We are using all our strength
to get rid of him, either by killing
or kidnapping,” Reuters quoted
Mr. Mujahid as saying. In further remarks about the
prince that appeared in jihadist
media,Mr. Mujahid urged the
British to spend the money used
to send Harry to Afghanistan on
the poor.
“The objective behind his com-
ing is to deceive his people more,
and in Afghanistan, to give some-
thing of a morale boost to the de-
feated soldiers of his country so
they continue until the date of
their fleeing to Britain, which
couldn’t do anything despite the
presence of thousands of its sol-
diers,” he said. “So what can it do
through one soft prince?”
There have been news reports
of internal British government
discussions about whether a ma-
jority of troops will stay through
2014 or whether there might be
an accelerated withdrawal.
Afghan Insurgents Attack Base Where Prince Harry Serves
The Taliban have
vowed to kill a prince
who is third in line to
the British throne.
Mali: Weighing Intervention Plans
The military chiefs of 15 West African nations
have begun deliberations in Abidjan, Ivory
Coast, to “finalize a road map” for an armed
intervention in Mali, whose northern half is
occupied by Islamists linked to Al Qaeda. Ma-
li’s interim president, Dioncounda Traore, left,
asked the Economic Com-
munity of West African
States, or Ecowas, on Sept.
1 for air support to destroy
rebel bases and for five bat-
talions to help reconquer
northern towns. The meet-
ing’s agenda includes a re-
view of that request and a
presentation of a deploy-
ment plan. In opening remarks, Salamatu
Hussaini Suleiman, the Ecowas political com-
missioner, said she was optimistic that offi-
cials could overcome “disagreements” on the
proposed first phase of the mission, which in-
volves stabilizing southern Mali, where a
coup occurred in March. The coup leader has
refused to accept a foreign force. (AP)
Ivory Coast: Newspapers Stopped
Ivory Coast’s press council has suspended all
six newspapers allied with former President
Laurent Gbagbo for up to two weeks for pub-
lishing content deemed “contrary to national
reconciliation.” The United States Embassy in
Abidjan and Reporters Without Borders ex-
pressed concern over the suspensions, with
the embassy saying the country “is best
served when a diversity of opinions are freely
expressed through the media.” Raphael
Lakpe, chairman of the National Press Coun-
cil, said the newspapers were suspended for
publishing photos of officials whom Mr. Gbag-
bo tried to name to his cabinet after he lost the
November 2010 election to the current presi-
dent, Alassane Ouattara. During Mr. Gbag-
bo’s 10-year rule, newspapers that were allied
with Mr. Ouattara, then the opposition leader,
were frequently harassed. Many had hoped
that when Mr. Ouattara came to power the in-
timidation of the news media would stop. (AP)
Kenya: Police Halt Terrorist Plot
The Kenyan police disrupted a major terrorist
attack on Friday in its final stages of planning,
arresting two people with explosive devices
and seizing a cache of weapons and ammuni-
tion, officials said. A manhunt has begun for
eight more suspects, including would-be
bombers and the masterminds behind the
plan, a police spokesman, Eric Kiraithe, said.
The pair was arrested in an area of Nairobi
where many Somali immigrants live, said
Boniface Mwaniki, the head of Kenya’s Anti-
terrorism Police Unit. He said the men were
suspected of having ties to the Shabab, a mil-
itant group in neighboring Somalia that is
linked to Al Qaeda. The police found four sui-
cide vests rigged with hundreds of metal ball
bearings, two improvised explosive devices,
also rigged with ball bearings, four AK-47 as-
sault rifles, ammunition and 12 grenades. (AP)
Mexico: Bodies Found on Bridge
The bodies of nine men, one of them hanging
from a bridge and all shot in the head, were
found Friday in Nuevo Laredo, across from
Laredo, Tex., the authorities said. Ruben
Darío, a spokesman for the Tamaulipas State
prosecutor’s office, said the bodies were all
found near the bridge, with a message left
near them, though he would not disclose what
it said. In May, five men and four women were
found hanging from another bridge in the city.
This latest crime occurred a day after the top
leader of the Gulf Cartel, one of Mexico’s larg-
est, was captured by the Mexican Navy in Ta-
maulipas, leading security analysts to warn of
possible violence resulting from the power
Concern for Palestinian Detainees
The European Union’s foreign policy chief,
Catherine Ashton, expressed “great concern”
on Friday over the fate of three Palestinians
on a hunger strike in Israeli detention after
the International Committee of the Red Cross
warned they risked death. A statement from
her office said Ms. Ashton “requests the gov-
ernment of Israel to do all it can to preserve
the health” of the three, Samer Barq, Hassan
Safadi and Ayman Sharawneh. They have
been on a hunger strike for weeks to demand
their release. (AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE)
China: Trial Date Set for Figure
Linked to a Political Scandal
A Chinese official at the center of one of the
country’s biggest political scandals in years
will go on trial on Tuesday, court officials said
Friday. The official, Wang Lijun, the police
chief in Chongqing under the fallen politician
Bo Xilai, will be tried in Chengdu, according to
a court official. In February, Mr. Wang ran
afoul of Mr. Bo and his wife, Gu Kailai, who
was recently convicted of murdering an Eng-
lish businessman. He fled to the United States
Consulate in Chengdu and stayed there for 24
hours before leaving and being taken into cus-
tody. An official state report said this month
that he would be tried on charges of defection,
illegal surveillance and taking bribes. IANJOHNSON
S an investment banker in
New York City, Poornima
Vardhan had all the right
clothes: power suits, cocktail
dresses and jeans. Then she re-
turned to India and realized
that her wardrobe was as bland
as an American breakfast.
For women like Ms. Vardhan
who move easily between Asia
and the West, India’s vast and
vibrant array of traditional
clothing styles presents an un-
usual sartorial challenge. “My
wardrobe had to expand by at
least 50 percent when I came
back,” said Ms. Vardhan, 28.
“There’s a lot more diversity to
the clothing needed in India.”
Ms. Vardhan is one of tens of
thousands of recent “repats” —
Indians who left for educational
or work opportunities abroad
but then returned as India’s
economy began to boom. Such
repats often face daunting chal-
lenges readjusting to India’s
chaos and corruption, and
many end up leaving India
again in frustration. But women confront an addi-
tional challenge that their male
counterparts do not: remaking
their wardrobes. For Ms. Vard-
han, the style adjustment is cen-
tral to her return. She came
back in part because she was
convinced that India’s rapidly
growing retail clothing industry
was a perfect business opportu-
nity. She is now the general
manager for brand strategy and
retail planning for Genesis Col-
ors, a leading Indian fashion
house. As part of the job, she has taken
charge of the handbag business for Satya
Paul, one of the fashion brands managed
by Genesis.
“I miss New York, the buzz of the city,
the drive and excitement that only New
York can offer,” she said. “But Delhi will
always be home for me. It’s where my
family and most of my friends are, and it’s
amazing being near them again.”
Professionally, going from finance to
fashion has been more challenging than
she expected. “Now I have to think cre-
atively and have an entrepreneurial mind-
set, unlike in investment banking,” she
The opportunity in India results not just
from the nation’s growing economy and
rising middle class but because India, un-
like most other emerging countries, has
managed to retain its clothing traditions
even among the upper classes. Although
bluejeans are now popular here, their
sales are still dwarfed by those of saris.
HY India’s distinctive clothing
styles have managed to survive
the cultural onslaught from the
West is something of a mystery. Untan-
gling that mystery could make some busi-
nesses very successful. So, too, could pre-
dicting which of India’s remarkable styles
will not only survive over the long term
here, but also win adoption in the rest of
the world. Ms. Vardhan is hoping that one
of those businesses will be Genesis Colors.
And so Ms. Vardhan is expanding her
own wardrobe, trying to fully embrace
some of the bright colors and elegant sil-
houettes of India’s traditional clothing.
Having a foot in two worlds also means
owning a lot of shoes. While some returnees complain about
needing more closet space, that has not
been a problem for Ms. Vardhan. She re-
cently moved out of her parents’ house
and into a two-bedroom apartment of her
own, somewhat unusual for a single wom-
an in India. Her father owns an aviation
consulting business and her mother is a
teacher. Her sister lives in London and
works as a business strategy consultant.
Standing in her nearly empty apart-
ment in Gurgaon, a rapidly growing neigh-
borhood south of New Delhi, she de-
scribed one of her first purchases after ar-
riving home in April. It was a bright yel-
low sleeveless cotton kurta with white
churidar pajamas. “I bought several of
these outfits right after I moved back,”
Ms. Vardhan said. “And it’s what I wear on
a regular basis to work.”
Kurtas are long shirts with split front
and back panels that usually extend to
mid-thigh; they are worn by both men and
women. Churidar pajamas are light cotton
pants with wide drawstring waists and
narrow leggings that bunch at the ankles.
Together, the pieces make an outfit, chu-
ridar-kurta. Like the similar shalwar
kameez, it is both modest and cool, essen-
tial in a place where summertime tem-
peratures routinely reach 120 degrees. Ms.
Vardhan’s pajamas are so lightweight
they are see-through, but the long kurta
ensures modesty.
“This is one of my favorite outfits,” she
Modesty is a crucial part of the adjust-
ment to India. While the country has none
of the strict clothing laws of some avowed-
ly Muslim nations, a woman’s knees are
rarely displayed. A group of Muslim cler-
ics in Kashmir recently demanded that fe-
male tourists refrain from wearing shorts.
In Delhi, few weeks pass without some re-
port of a woman being gang-raped, and
even some prominent Indian women
blame the victims if they happen to have
been wearing clothing deemed immodest. “A complete no-no in Indian modesty is
to show legs,” said Mukulika Banerjee, a
professor of anthropology at the London
School of Economics and Political Science
and co-author of “The Sari.” “Cleavage is
fine but not legs.”
As a result, when choosing their outfits,
women in India must make fairly complex
calculations regarding place, culture and
transportation. If Ms. Vardhan uses a
driver and knows she will step straight
from her car to her destination, she may
show some leg and go sleeveless. If she
uses a cab or must walk part of the way,
she chooses more modest apparel.
IKE many female repats, Ms. Vardhan
finds that one of the most daunting
challenges of returning to India is
wearing a sari, a ubiquitous and graceful
garment that — because it is draped — al-
lows her to adjust her look to her environ-
ment. The sari is still by far the dominant
women’s apparel in India. “I’m trying to wear saris to work some-
times because I think people take you
more seriously when you wear them,” Ms.
Vardhan said. She bought several cotton
saris for day-to-day wear but is still learn-
ing how to wrap them, a process she said
has been unnerving.
She is not alone. “Wearing a sari is like
driving,” Dr. Banerjee said. “You only get
better by doing it, but you’re terrified the
first few times you try.” Ms. Vardhan’s mother has given her
several silk saris for formal occasions,
some stitched with gold. Weddings are
such an important part of Indian culture
that some women — like the perennial
bridesmaid played by Katherine Heigl in
the movie “27 Dresses” — have closets
choked with wedding saris. Part of the trick to wearing a formal sari
is displaying the garment’s palla, where
much of the needlework is concentrated.
“It’s very different from wearing a West-
ern outfit, where you zip it up and you’re
done,” Ms. Vardhan said. “I feel very
grown-up in a sari.”
She said she has worn a power suit only
four times since returning to India, when
she met with people from her former life
in finance. She has yet to wear some of her
favorite finds from SoHo boutiques, in-
cluding an evening dress that ends mid-
“I love this dress. I think I’m beautiful
in it, and it reminds me very much of New
York, which is a good feeling,” Ms. Vard-
han said with sad fondness. “But you can’t
show this much leg here.”
She will store that and other dresses
with her winter coats, taking them out
only for her occasional trips back to New
York. But she hopes some day to find a
way to blend her favorite Western and In-
dian wear in a way that has a universal
“As the world becomes more global, I
hope to strike the right balance,” she said.
“There’s a lot more diversity to the clothing needed in India.”
After Life in New York, Banker Returns to India for Turn at Fashion
Ms. Vardhan, 28, in a sari in New Del-
hi. She saw a business opportunity in
India’s retail clothing industry.
BEIJING — China’s next des-
ignated leader, Xi Jinping, re-
appeared in public on Saturday,
two weeks after mysteriously dis-
appearing from view. Mr. Xi, 59, was shown in pho-
tographs, posted on the Web site
of the official Xinhua news agen-
cy, as he walked through the
campus of China Agriculture Uni-
versity in Beijing for National
Science Popularization Day. One
of the photographs was accompa-
nied by a brief caption saying
that he would attend activities at
the university on Saturday.
Mr. Xi, whose health had been
called into question, looked fit,
dressed in dark slacks, an open-
collar white dress shirt and a
dark jacket — the unofficial uni-
form of Communist Party offi-
cials out on inspection. He was
flanked by several other officials
in similar clothing. It was the first time that Mr. Xi
had been seen in public since he
gave a speech on Sept. 1 to stu-
dents at a party indoctrination
school that he runs. Since then,
he had canceled at least two
meetings with
foreign digni-
taries and was
absent from
evening news-
casts or party-
run newspa-
pers, which
usually give
detailed ac-
counts of the
activities of top
leaders. The report on Saturday
did not mention any of this, part
of a policy of not commenting on
the health of leaders. Over the
past week, government spokes-
people have consistently refused
to address the issue. His absence set off discussion
among Chinese and foreign ob-
servers about his fate. When he
failed to meet Secretary of State
Hillary Rodham Clinton 10 days
ago, diplomats were told he had a
bad back. Variations of this story
soon circulated, including that he
had slipped at a swimming pool. But Chinese observers with
ties to the leadership began to
hear that his condition was more
serious. One rumor had it that he
had suffered a mild heart attack,
or a stroke, and was undergoing
physical therapy. Saturday’s pho-
tograph showed no evidence of
facial paralysis, with Mr. Xi’s lips
pursed in his customary fashion
and his eyes alert. Like most Chi-
nese leaders, his hair appeared
dyed and was slicked back. Other not necessarily contra-
dictory versions seeking to ex-
plain his absence said that he
was in political difficulty after a
contentious meeting of senior
leaders at a resort in August.
Mr. Xi is expected to take over
as head of the Communist Party
at an important congress, held
just once every five years. He is
to take over from the departing
party secretary, Hu Jintao, part
of a broad transition of power af-
fecting almost all senior positions
in the party and government. A Leader In China
Reappears In Public
Xi Jinping N
REGION IN TURMOIL particularly Egypt and Tunisia,
he said, “the state has lost a lot of
its capacity to govern effectively.
Paradoxically, that has made it
more likely that events like the
video will make people take to
the streets and act in the way
they did.”
Some of the most serious vio-
lence targeted the compound
housing the German and British
Embassies in Khartoum, the Su-
danese capital, causing minor
damage to the British property
but major fire damage to the Ger-
man one. The foreign ministers of
both countries strongly protested
the assault, which The Associat-
ed Press said had been instigated
by a prominent sheik exhorting
protesters to storm the German
Embassy to avenge what he
called anti-Muslim graffiti on
Berlin mosques.
The police fired tear gas to re-
pulse attacks in Khartoum,
where about 5,000 demonstrators
had massed, news reports said,
before they moved on to the Unit-
ed States Embassy on the out-
skirts of the capital.
In Tunis, the United States Em-
bassy was assaulted at midday
by protesters who smashed win-
dows and set fires before security
forces routed them in violent
clashes that left at least 3 dead
and 28 hurt. Witnesses and offi-
cials said no Americans were
hurt and most had left earlier.
The worst damage was inflict-
ed on the American Cooperative
School of Tunis, a highly regard-
ed institution that, despite its
name, catered mostly to the chil-
dren of non-American expatri-
ates, nearly half of whom work
for the African Development
Bank. School officials, who had
sent the 650 students home early,
said a few protesters scaled the
fence and dismantled monitoring
cameras, followed by 300 to 400
others, some of them local resi-
dents, who looted everything in-
cluding 700 laptop computers,
musical instruments and the safe
in the director’s office, and then
set the building on fire.
“It’s ransacked,” the director,
Allan Bredy, said in a telephone
interview. “We were thinking it
was something the Tunisia gov-
ernment would keep under con-
trol. We had no idea they would
allow things to go as wildly as
they did.” The school’s director of securi-
ty, David Santiago, said a group
of staff members formed a posse
armed with baseball bats to
chase lingering looters away
hours after the assault. “Our ele-
mentary school library is burning
as we speak,” he said angrily as
he and his colleagues sought to
assess the damage. “It’s com-
plete chaos.”
Thousands of Palestinians
joined demonstrations after Fri-
day Prayer in the Gaza Strip.
Since there is no American diplo-
matic representation in Gaza, the
main gathering took place in
Gaza City, outside the Parliament
building, where American and Is-
raeli flags were placed on the
ground for the crowds to stomp.
Palestinians also clashed with Is-
raeli security forces in Jerusalem
and held protests in the West
Witnesses in Cairo said pro-
tests that first flared Tuesday
grew in scope on Friday, with
demonstrators throwing rocks
and gasoline bombs near the
American Embassy and the po-
lice firing tear gas. The Egyptian
news media said more than 220
people had been injured in clash-
es so far.
In the eastern Libyan city of
Benghazi, where J.Christopher
Stevens, the American ambassa-
dor, and three other Americans
were killed Tuesday, militias fired
rockets at what they thought
were American drones overhead,
prompting the government to
temporarily close the airport as a
precaution. The bodies of Mr. Ste-
vens and the others killed in the
Libya attack were returned to the
United States on Friday.
In Lebanon, where Pope Bene-
dict XVI was visiting, one person
was killed and 25 were injured as
protesters attacked restaurants.
There was also turmoil in Yemen,
Bangladesh, Qatar, Kuwait, Bah-
rain, India, Pakistan and Iraq,
and demonstrations in Malaysia.
In Nigeria, troops fired into the
air to disperse protesters march-
ing on the city of Jos, Reuters re-
ported. In Syria, about 200 pro-
testers chanted anti-American
slogans outside the long-closed
American Embassy in Damas-
cus, news reports said.
In the Egyptian Sinai, a group
of Bedouins stormed an interna-
tional peacekeepers’ camp and
set fire to an observation tower,
according to Al Ahram Online, a
state-owned, English-language
Web site. Three people, two Co-
lombians and one Egyptian, were
injured in the ensuing clashes.
In Yemen, baton-wielding se-
curity forces backed by water
cannons blocked streets near the
American Embassy a day after
protesters breached the outer se-
curity perimeter there, and offi-
cials said two people were killed
in clashes with the police. Still, a
group of several dozen protesters
gathered near the diplomatic
post, carrying placards and
shouting slogans. In Iraq, where the heavily forti-
fied American Embassy sits on
the banks of the Tigris River in-
side Baghdad’s Green Zone and
is out of reach to most Iraqis,
thousands protested after Friday
Prayer in Sunni and Shiite cities
Raising banners with Islamic
slogans and denouncing the Unit-
ed States and Israel, Iraqis called
for the expulsion of American
diplomats from the country and
demanded that the American
government apologize for the in-
cendiary film and take legal ac-
tion against its creators.
In Egypt, in particular, leaders
scrambled to repair deep strains
with Washington provoked by
their initial response to attacks
on the American Embassy on
Tuesday, tacitly acknowledging
that they erred in their response
by focusing far more on anti-
American domestic opinion than
on condemning the violence. The attacks squeezed Mr. Mor-
si and the Muslim Brotherhood
between conflicting pressures
from Washington and their Is-
lamic constituency at home, a
senior Brotherhood official ac-
knowledged. During a 20-minute
phone call Wednesday night, Mr.
Obama warned Mr. Morsi that re-
lations would be jeopardized if
the authorities in Cairo failed to
protect American diplomats and
stand more firmly against anti-
American attacks. On Friday, Mr. Morsi, on a
scheduled state visit to Rome,
called attacks on foreign embas-
sies “absolutely unacceptable.”
A crowd gathered Friday at the United States Embassy in Tunis as violence spread over an inflammatory American-made video about the Prophet Muhammad.
Anti-American Protests and Violence Flare Beyond the Mideast
From Page A1
Kuwait City
Tel Aviv
Some of the larger protests reported
through Friday
Western diplomatic
buildings damaged
A barrier near Tahrir Square appeared to bear the brunt of police water cannons in Cairo. Pro-
tests over the video started this week in Egypt and spread first to Libya, then to other countries.
Yemeni riot police officers stood guard on Friday during a demonstration in Sana, the capital.
The United States has sent Marine forces to protect its embassies there and in Sudan.
Reporting was contributed by Da-
vid D. Kirkpatrick from Cairo;
Alan Cowell from London; Mon-
ica Marks from Tunis; Nasser
Arrabyee from Sana, Yemen; Tim
Arango from Baghdad; Nicholas
Kulish from Berlin; Steven Lee
Myers from Washington; Alissa J.
Rubin from Kabul, Afghanistan;
Kareem Fahim from Beirut, Leba-
non; Fares Akram from Gaza; Is-
abel Kershner from Jerusalem;
and Christine Hauser from New
said on Friday that it would not
comply with a White House re-
quest to reconsider the anti-Is-
lam video that has set off violent
protests in the Arab world in light
of its rules banning hate speech
on YouTube, which it owns.
Google said it had already de-
termined that the video did not
violate its terms of service re-
garding hate speech, because it
was against the Muslim religion
but not Muslim people.
The company also said Friday
that it had blocked access to the
video in India and Indonesia be-
cause it violated local laws. These actions came after Goo-
gle temporarily blocked the video
on Wednesday in Egypt and Lib-
ya of its own volition — not be-
cause it violated laws or You-
Tube’s terms of service — an ex-
traordinary measure that it said
it took in response to the delicacy
of the situation. The video is ac-
cessible in the rest of the world,
even as protests spread to nearly
20 countries, from North Africa to
Google said its decisions were
consistent with a 2007 policy for
controversial content in which
the company would take into ac-
count not just laws and its own
policies, but cultural norms. “One type of content, while le-
gal everywhere, may be almost
universally unacceptable in one
region, yet viewed as perfectly
fine in another,” Rachel Whet-
stone, senior vice president for
communications and public pol-
icy at Google, wrote in the 2007
policy. “We are passionate about
our users, so we try to take into
account local cultures and
YouTube said it was continu-
ously monitoring the circum-
stances in other countries. The controversy over the video
has raised questions about the
role of Google in governing free
expression by determining which
content is acceptable to show
online and which is not. The company does not police
videos uploaded to the site be-
cause of the sheer volume in-
volved; 72 hours of videos are
uploaded each minute. It reviews
videos only if users flag them as
inappropriate or if it receives a
valid court order or government
request to remove them for vio-
lating the law. That was the case in India and
Indonesia, which have laws re-
stricting content that provokes
enmity. Also, Google removes illegal
content only in the 45 countries in
which it has local Web sites,
which include Egypt, Indonesia
and India but not Libya, Pakistan
or Afghanistan. “We’ve restricted access to it
in countries where it is illegal
such as India and Indonesia as
well as in Libya and Egypt given
the very sensitive situations in
these two countries,” YouTube
said Friday in a statement. “At Google we have a bias in fa-
vor of people’s right to free ex-
pression in everything we do,”
Ms. Whetstone wrote in Google’s
2007 policy. “But we also recog-
nize that freedom of expression
can’t be — and shouldn’t be —
without some limits. The difficul-
ty is in deciding where those
boundaries are drawn. For a
company like Google with serv-
ices in more than 100 countries —
all with different national laws
and cultural norms — it’s a chal-
lenge we face many times every
day.” Meanwhile, a Facebook
spokeswoman confirmed that the
company had restricted access to
a link to the film in Pakistan, at
the request of its government.
Kevin Bankston,director of the
free expression project at the
Center for Democracy and Tech-
nology, a nonprofit group that fo-
cuses on digital civil liberties,
said that Google, as a private
company, could decide what was
appropriate on its sites and what
was not. But he added, “Consid-
ering the power that many of
these platforms have, it’s impor-
tant for them to be as clear and
transparent as possible about
those decisions.” Google Has
No Plans
To Rethink
Video Status
Somini Sengupta contributed re-
porting. Inflammatory footage
is deemed not to
violate a company’s
terms on hate speech.
REGION IN TURMOIL This article is by Peter Baker,
David D. Kirkpatrick and Suli-
man Ali Zway.
flag-draped coffins bearing the
bodies of the Americans killed in
Libya arrived in the United
States on Friday, new details
emerged of Ambassador J.Chris-
topher Stevens’s final hours,
alone, locked in a smoke-filled
room in a diplomatic mission un-
der siege.
In a solemn ceremony at Joint
Base Andrews outside the cap-
ital, President Obama said the
victims “laid down their lives for
us all” and vowed to honor their
memory by never retreating
from the world.
The arrival, broadcast live on
news channels, proved an emo-
tional culmination to an episode
that has rocked Washington and
American embassies around the
world, even as details of those fi-
nal fateful moments only now be-
gan to come clear. When the at-
tack on the diplomatic compound
occurred, officials said, Ambassa-
dor Stevens was separated from
his security detail — and was lo-
cated only later, at the hospital in
Benghazi, where he had been
pronounced dead. Officials in Washington said
they were investigating that
blacked-out period, but as they
conduct that inquiry, witnesses
have emerged who said that Mr.
Stevens had fled to a room in the
diplomatic compound, hoping to
find safety behind a locked iron
gate and wooden door. But fires
raged around the mission, and
Mr. Stevens, unable to escape the
smoke and heat, died of asphyxi-
Witnesses say he was eventu-
ally discovered by people who
rushed to see what was happen-
ing at the mission. They broke a
window, spotted Mr. Stevens,
who might or might not have
been unconscious at the time,
and removed him from the room.
According to guards at the
compound, the attack began at
about 9:30 p.m., without advance
warning or any peaceful protest.
“I started hearing, ‘God is great!
God is great!’” one guard said. “I
thought to myself, maybe it is a
passing funeral.” (All the guards
spoke on the condition of ano-
nymity for their safety.)
“Attack, attack,” the guard said
he heard an American calling
over his walkie-talkie as the
chants came closer. Suddenly
there came a barrage of gunfire,
explosions and rocket-propelled
grenades. “I saw the ambassador’s per-
sonal bodyguard — the one who
was killed — running toward the
villa where the ambassador was,”
he said. Armed only with a light
weapon, the bodyguard “was
running there to protect him.”
Another Libyan guard said he
saw Mr. Stevens escorted to the
office in a wing off the main mis-
sion building, the room with an
iron gate behind a wooden door.
Three hours later, about 12:30
a.m., witnesses said that a crowd
— possibly looters — broke
through a tall and narrow win-
dow and found Mr. Stevens. The compound’s landlord,
Jamal al-Bishari, said that while
watching from nearby he saw
some people climb through the
broken window and emerge soon
after, carrying Mr. Stevens. The wing where Mr. Stevens
had sought refuge contained at
least three rooms and two bath-
rooms, and aside from the exten-
sive smoke damage it appeared
on Friday to be largely undam-
aged. Very shortly after Mr. Stevens
was seen carried out of the win-
dow, he arrived at Benghazi’s
main hospital, brought by a
group of Libyan civilians, accord-
ing to Ziad Abu Zeid, a doctor
there. In a separate interview he
said that the civilians did not
seem to know that the American
they were helping was the am-
bassador, a well-known and pop-
ular figure locally but now cov-
ered in dark soot. Dr. Abu Zaid
said that Mr. Stevens was
dressed and did not suffer any
trauma, aside from the smoke in-
halation. Because of the soot cov-
ering his face, the doctor said, he
also initially failed to recognize
Mr. Stevens. He said he eventu-
ally did so from photographs
posted by admiring residents on
Facebook. The doctor said he tried for at
least 45 minutes to resuscitate
Mr. Stevens. He said he believed
that officers from the Libyan In-
terior Ministry transported the
body to the airport and into Unit-
ed States custody.
State Department officials
have said they do not know Mr.
Stevens’s whereabouts during
the battle, who took him to the
hospital or who carried his body
to the airport and into United
States custody. “We don’t know what hap-
pened with Chris Stevens,” Vic-
toria Nuland, the State Depart-
ment spokeswoman, said Thurs-
day. “We also had, we believe,
acts of mercy and generosity lat-
er at the hospital in Benghazi. We
very, very much appreciate this.”
American officials were also
still trying to get more clarity on
the arrests of four men said to be
involved in the attacks. But as
they continue sorting through in-
telligence, they have disputed
suggestions floated in Washing-
ton and abroad that the attack in
Benghazi was premeditated. “We have no indication that
that’s the case,” an administra-
tion official said. The current in-
formation available to the White
House suggests that the protests
in Benghazi were spontaneous
and spurred by the Cairo protests
but evolved over time as Islamic
extremists took advantage of the
situation, called in reinforce-
ments and weaponry and mount-
ed an attack.
When Mr. Stevens’s coffin ar-
rived at Joint Base Andrews out-
side Washington on Friday, along
with those of the three other
Americans killed in the attack,
President Obama said: “Four
Americans, four patriots — they
loved this country, and they
chose to serve it and served it
well. They had a mission, and
they believed in it. They knew the
danger, and they accepted it.
They didn’t simply embrace the
American ideal; they lived it,
they embodied it.”
Mr. Obama called Mr. Stevens
“everything America could want
in an ambassador.” Of the three others killed in the
attack, he said Sean Smith, a For-
eign Service officer and an Air
Force veteran, had “lived to
serve.” Tyrone S. Woods, a for-
mer member of the Navy SEALs
providing diplomatic security,
was “the consummate quiet pro-
fessional.” And Glen A. Doherty,
also a former member of the
SEALs providing security, “nev-
er shied from adventure.”
“Even in our grief we will be
resolute, for we are Americans,”
Mr. Obama said. “And we hold
our head high, knowing that be-
cause of these patriots, because
of you, this country that we love
will always shine as a light unto
the world.”
Secretary of State Hillary Rod-
ham Clinton, who looked stricken
and seemed to be fighting her
emotions, echoed those senti-
ments. “We will wipe away our
tears, stiffen our spines and face
the future undaunted,” she said.
All four worked for her, and she
spoke slowly and with evident
grief. She knew Mr. Stevens per-
sonally, she said, praising his
“goofy but contagious” smile, his
“California cool” and, mostly, his
dedication and courage. “What a wonderful gift you
gave us,” she told his family.
“Over his distinguished career in
the Foreign Service, Chris won
friends for the United States in
far-flung places. He made those
people’s hopes his own. During
the revolution in Libya, he risked
his life to help protect the Libyan
people from a tyrant, and he gave
his life helping them build a bet-
ter country.”
Her voice grew stronger again
as she called on leaders in the
Middle East to fulfill their obliga-
tions to protect diplomatic posts.
“The people of Egypt, Libya,
Yemen and Tunisia did not trade
the tyranny of a dictator for the
tyranny of a mob,” she said.
“Reasonable people and respon-
sible leaders in these countries
need to do everything they can to
restore security and hold ac-
countable those behind these vio-
lent acts.”
President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton spoke during the transfer of the remains of four State Department employees who were killed at the consulate in Benghazi, Libya.
Diplomats’ Bodies Return to U.S., and Libyan Guards Recount Deadly Riot
Peter Baker reported from Wash-
ington, David D. Kirkpatrick from
Cairo and Suliman Ali Zway from
Benghazi, Libya. Steven Lee My-
ers contributed reporting. About 12:30 a.m. Wednesday, around three hours after the attack began, Libyans found the body of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens in a safe room in this building.
Site of the
The American Diplomatic Compound in Benghazi
Building set
on fire
Buildings set
on fire
Main building
by fire
An emotional day in
Washington as
officials seek more
details on an attack.
fully committed to the mission of
Mr. Brahimi in his endeavors to
put an end to violence and find a
Syrian-led political solution to the
Mr. Brahimi has described his
mission of trying to broker a
peace deal between an opposition
with increasing military capaci-
ties and forces loyal to Mr. Assad
as “nearly impossible.”
Nations spokeswoman, told re-
porters on Friday.
Earlier on Friday, Mr. Brahimi,
a veteran Algerian diplomat, met
with the Russian ambassador to
Syria and the Chinese chargé
d’affaires, and on Thursday he
spoke with the Iranian ambassa-
dor to Syria.
Russia, Iran and China are sup-
porting Mr. Assad’s government,
and Moscow and Beijing have
three times blocked Western-
backed attempts in the United
Nations Security Council to crit-
icize and threaten sanctions
against Syria.
The Council is deadlocked as
the death toll in the Syrian civil
war climbs toward 30,000. Mr.
Annan blamed the Council im-
passe for hampering his six-
month bid for peace, leading to
his decision to step down at the
end of last month.
Syria’s United Nations envoy,
Bashar Jaafari, said this month
that Syria was “open-minded and
— The international peace envoy
Lakhdar Brahimi is scheduled to
meet with President Bashar al-
Assad of Syria on Saturday, the
United Nations said, as he tries to
find a way to end the Syrian con-
flict, which has killed thousands.
Mr. Brahimi arrived in Damas-
cus, the Syrian capital, on Thurs-
day as government forces pound-
ed the city’s eastern outskirts to
flush out rebels trying to retain a
foothold there.He replaced Kofi
Annan, the former United Na-
tions secretary general, at the
start of September as the special
envoy representing the United
Nations and the Arab League.
“Tomorrow, Mr. Brahimi will
hold more meetings, including
with a group of Arab ambassa-
dors and chargés d’affaires, a Eu-
ropean Union delegation, an op-
position group and civil society
representatives, and Mr. Brahimi
will meet the Syrian president,”
Vannina Maestracci, a United
International Peace Envoy
To Meet With Syrian Leader
Lakhdar Brahimi replaced
Kofi Annan this month.
cycle back from deployment
stored in a shipping container
where he kept medical sup-
plies. Back in the San Diego
area, he put the bike back to-
gether and drove it at high
speeds by the ocean. He also
once owned a bar in Imperial
Beach, Calif., called the Salty
Frog that was frequented by
members of the military.
“You knew when you looked
at him, he was not to be trifled
with,” Dr. Rasmusson said, in-
dicating that Mr. Woods rarely
talked about his exploits.
Mr. Woods had recently
moved from La Jolla, Calif.,
with his wife, Dorothy, and
their infant son, Kai, to a quiet
suburban cul-de-sac in Hender-
son, Nev., less than 10 miles
from the Las Vegas Strip. He is
also survived by two teenage
sons from his marriage to Ms.
So, Tyrone Jr. and Hunter. On Friday morning, the
Woods’s three-story house was
silent, with two bouquets of
flowers laid on the doormat.
LAS VEGAS — Tyrone S.
Woods, one of four Americans
killed this week when militants
stormed a diplomatic com-
pound in Benghazi, Libya, was
“one of those adrenaline junk-
ies” who was “built to do what
he did,” said Dr. Timothy Ras-
musson, his former brother-in-
Mr. Woods, 41, was a veteran
member of the Navy SEALs
who later became a registered
nurse, someone who “had the
hands of a healer as well as the
arm of a warrior,” Secretary of
State Hillary Rodham Clinton
said in a statement on Thurs-
day night honoring Mr. Woods,
the last of the four victims to be
identified. Also killed were
J.Christopher Stevens, the
American ambassador to Lib-
ya; Sean Smith, an information
management officer; and Glen
A. Doherty, another former
Navy SEALs member who was
providing security.
Dr. Rasmusson, a surgeon
and the brother of Mr. Woods’s
former wife, Patricia Ann So,
said he knew that Mr. Woods
would not adjust well to civilian
life. “It was just the kind of guy
he was,” Dr. Rasmusson said.
“He was always waiting for
that phone to ring” before an-
other high-stakes mission.
So it was that, starting in
2010, Mr. Woods began working
with security details protecting
diplomatic personnel, from
Central America to the Middle
Dr. Rasmusson recalled how
his former brother-in-law once
brought a disassembled motor-
SEAL Veteran With Zest for Adrenaline
A man said to
need action, not
staid civilian life.
ing, a touch sadly, “It’s no longer
a place for lovers.”
It has been a long erosion. He
handed over a novel from his
mother’s library, “La Fille de
l’Air,” by Pierre Lamballe, the
pen name for one of de Gaulle’s
top aides, Pierre Lefranc, who
died in January. Mr. Lefranc
demonstrated against the Ger-
man occupation on the Champs-
Élysées in 1940, was wounded by
a grenade and was arrested. He
fought in the Resistance, worked
for de Gaulle, and in May 1968,
when the student uprising nearly
overthrew the government, he
helped organize a sprawling pro-
de Gaulle demonstration, again
on the Champs-Élysées.
The novel, published in 1983, is
a light one, about a Frenchman
taking advantage of a Parisian
August to try to embellish his life
and pick up women. But even the
shape of the croissants at his fa-
vorite cafe on the Champs-Ély-
sées had changed. “Things are no
longer what they were,” he
Jean-Noël Reinhardt, the
chairman of the Comité Champs-
Élysées, a merchants’ associa-
tion, says that, of course, the ave-
nue has changed, as the world
has. “The Champs-Élysées is many
different things at the same
time,” said Mr. Reinhardt, who
used to run Virgin stores here
(also on the Champs-Élysées, but
given the costly rents and the
state of the music business, prob-
ably not for long). “It represents France symbol-
ically in the world,” he said, with
the Arc de Triomphe, the annual
Bastille Day military parade and
the finish of the Tour de France.
“For the French, it’s the shop
window of global commerce, a bit
like Fifth Avenue in New York.”
More like Times Square, actu-
ally. About 300,000 people daily,
and 500,000 on weekend days,
walk the wide sidewalks along
the avenue’s 1.2 miles. Nearly
200,000 Parisians work largely
white-collar jobs in the area.
They need to shop and eat, and
many now seek fast food rather
than leisurely lunches, which
helps explain the four big burger
restaurants (two McDonald’s
and two Quicks), the sandwich
shops and the chain outlets like
Pizza Pino, Léon de Bruxelles
and Chez Clément.
This is the third evolution for
the avenue since the 1980s, Mr.
Reinhardt said. Earlier, large
stores like Virgin and big Euro-
pean retailers like H&M, Zara,
Adidas and Nespresso moved in
alongside traditional French
brands like Louis Vuitton,
Lacoste, Sephora and Peugeot.
The avenue remains important
for marketing — Banana Repub-
lic and Abercrombie & Fitch have
their only French stores there. “We’re delighted to have them
here,” Mr. Reinhardt said, while
noting that for real luxury, there
is the nearby Avenue Montaigne.
The final barriers fell only in
recent years. In early 2007, the
city refused permission for H&M
to open a store on the Champs-
Élysées, fearing the “banaliza-
tion” of the hallowed street into a
shopping mall. In 2010, H&M
opened its store with great fan-
fare, soon followed by the big
American shops.
Mr. Reinhardt defends the va-
riety. “We can’t change society,”
he said, “but when you give peo-
ple something they like, they
come.” Ideally, he said, the avenue is
“a place of commerce, culture
and leisure, a place where you
can promenade from the Arc de
Triomphe to the Tuileries gar-
dens, drink a glass of wine or
have lunch.”
Parisians, he insisted, still
come, and not just because the
supermarket Monoprix stays
open late. “Parisians come to the
Champs for the culture, the mov-
ies, the Grand and Petit Palais,
the Théâtre du Rond-Point and
the Théâtre Marigny,” he said. But when pressed, he con-
ceded that with rents doubling
over the past 15 years, cultural in-
stitutions are in considerable
danger. The number of movie
houses has been cut by more
than half, to seven (though most
now have multiple screens), and
the small independent art houses
just off the avenue, Le Lincoln
and Le Balzac, are facing serious
difficulties. The Champs-Élysées
has lost two million movie tickets
a year to other multiplexes in
Paris, Mr. Reinhardt said. He urges his association to use
“a collective intelligence” and not
drive away for quick profit the
cultural showpieces that remain.
“We hope individual owners pre-
serve their interests but also the
unique character of the Champs
for the long term,” he said. “They
have a heavy responsibility.”
The owner of Le Balzac, Jean-
Jacques Schpoliansky, 68, is the
third generation of his family to
run the movie theater, which was
founded by his grandfather in
1935. Mr. Schpoliansky, the boss
since 1973, brings a personal
touch, greeting customers, giving
lectures before showings and
serving excellent coffee.
He has organized culinary
nights at the movies with his
friends, including the chefs Guy
Savoy and Pierre Gagnaire. He
shows films of opera, preceded
by live performances by conser-
vatory musicians, and films for
children, including silent classics.
He has a newsletter and a club of
loyal viewers. And he has carved
out two more small screening
rooms from what was once the
lavish Art Deco lobby and his
grandfather’s office. But ticket sales are down. With
one screen in the 1950s and ’60s,
Le Balzac sold 400,000 tickets a
year. Now, with three screens, it
is 160,000 to 170,000. “We need to preserve the vari-
ety of the avenue,” Mr. Schpolian-
sky said. “It’s important for
France. It’s my duty to get them
to come back and forget the im-
age of a street losing its soul.”
H&M opened its store on the Champs-Élysées in 2010, three years after the city rejected a proposal from the company.
U.S. Mass-Market Invasion Alters Champs-Élysées
From Page A4
American soldiers marched down the Champs-Élysées on Aug.
29, 1944, four days after the liberation of Paris in World War II. Elvire Camus and Maïa de la
Baume contributed reporting. By NICOLA CLARK
PARIS — After just four
months in power, the governing
coalition of the Socialist Party
and the Greens is already marred
by deep ideological divisions over
energy policy, in particular how
quickly and sharply France
should move to reduce its heavy
dependence on nuclear energy.
The risks are especially acute
for the Greens, who are savoring
their first taste of governmental
power here in a decade. François
Hollande, the Socialist victor in
May’s presidential elections, ap-
pointed two prominent Greens to
ministerial posts within his 38-
member cabinet, including the
party’s former leader, Cécile
But a series of compromises
and back-room deals on nuclear
power has placed the Green Par-
ty’s leadership at odds with its
activist, environmentalist base,
and rising tensions are prompt-
ing some to wonder whether the
alliance can survive Mr. Hol-
lande’s five-year mandate.
The president sought to defuse
some of those tensions on Friday,
by announcing plans to move up
the planned closing of France’s
oldest nuclear power plant — the
site of an accidental release of
chemical steam last week — by
about six months, to the end of
2016. “We must make an example of
Fessenheim’s successful decom-
missioning,” Mr. Hollande said,
referring to the power plant, as
he opened a two-day conference
on energy and the environment. Still, Jean-Pierre Le Goff, a so-
ciologist at France’s National
Center for Scientific Research,
said he was not sure the alliance
would last. “It is very much an
open question,” he said. “The nu-
clear debate is an old one, but it is
emblematic of how, within the
left, and even within the center of
the Socialist Party, there are
some very strong contradic-
Desperate to secure the votes
needed to defeat Nicolas Sarko-
zy, the center-right incumbent,
the Socialists agreed last year not
to field any candidates in around
60 constituencies. In exchange,
the Greens accepted the Social-
ists’ goal of reducing France’s de-
pendence on nuclear power for
energy to 50 percent from 75 per-
cent by 2025 — far short of the
Greens’ own goal of zero.
The Greens then made major
gains in parliamentary elections
in June, securing 17 seats in the
577-seat National Assembly and
enough electoral weight to form
their own parliamentary group.
“The Socialists are starting to
realize that they gave a very gen-
erous gift to the Greens,” said
Pascal Perrineau, director of the
Center for Political Research in
Paris, who noted that the Green
presidential candidate, Eva Joly,
was eliminated in the first round
of voting, with a humiliating 2.3
percent of the vote. “The Greens
are a small party, but they have
been very well paid.”
The episode at the Fessenheim
reactor near the German border,
while minor, has once again re-
vived the debate over France’s
nuclear future.
But with the outlook for the
country’s economy darkening by
the day, the government has little
room for maneuvering. Available
substitutes, like natural gas,
would need to be imported. Re-
newable alternatives are slow
and costly to develop, especially
on the scale that France requires.
“I cannot envision that any
French government will ever to-
tally abandon nuclear,” said Élie
Cohen, a leading economist and a
member of an independent advi-
sory panel to the prime minis-
ter’s office. “It is inconceivable.”
Tensions between the Social-
ists and Greens flared late last
month, after Arnaud Monte-
bourg, the minister for industrial
recovery, described nuclear pow-
er in a television interview as “an
industry of the future” and a “tre-
mendous asset” for France —
seeming to cast doubt on the new
government’s commitment to a
nuclear reduction.
The statement incited outrage
from a number of Green luminar-
ies. Noël Mamère, a member of
Parliament and onetime presi-
dential candidate from the Gi-
ronde, near Bordeaux, labeled it
“a provocation,” while Denis Bau-
pin, vice president of the Greens’
parliamentary caucus, derided
the remarks as “totally at odds
with reality.”
Conspicuously muted, howev-
er, was the reaction of Ms. Duflot,
the former Green leader who is
now housing minister. “This
agreement will be met,” said Ms.
Duflot, who only days earlier had
joked that her minister’s post
came with a political “muzzle.”
The episode has made France’s
tiny antinuclear lobby, still feel-
ing the sting of the Greens’ elec-
toral deal with the Socialists, only
more frustrated.
“We are very disappointed by
the absence of a serious reaction
from the leadership,” Charlotte
Mijeon, spokeswoman for Sortir
du Nucléaire, a coalition of
French antinuclear groups, said
of the Greens. “I would think
there should be a certain anger
among their voters that the fun-
damentals of what they stand for
are being sacrificed to advance
certain people’s political ca-
With voter concerns over safe-
ty sharply heightened by the 2011
nuclear disaster in Japan, a few
of France’s neighbors — includ-
ing Germany — have begun to
shut their nuclear facilities.
But the nuclear industry em-
ploys about 400,000 heavily un-
ionized workers here, and French
companies like Areva and Élec-
tricité de France are global lead-
ers in the design and operation of
nuclear technology.
The country also has few other
viable domestic sources of ener-
gy other than hydroelectric
dams, having ceased mining its
dwindling coal deposits several
years ago.
While energy companies say
they have identified significant
deposits of shale gas in the south
of the country, Parliament passed
a law last year outlawing its ex-
traction via hydraulic fracturing,
or “fracking,” because of con-
cerns over its potential to pollute
drinking water. Mr. Hollande
vowed Friday that his govern-
ment would maintain that ban.
For now, Mr. Hollande has
made clear that the government
plans to shut down only one plant
during his first term, which ends
in mid-2017: the 1,800-megawatt
Fessenheim plant, which opened
in 1977.
“The big political questions
right now for the French are else-
where,” said Marc Lazar, profes-
sor of political science at the
Institut d’Études Politiques in
Paris, also known as Sciences Po.
He cited, among other themes,
the sputtering economy and the
adoption of the European Union’s
fiscal treaty. “The ecologists are
not the priority of the president.” But even some of the Social-
ists’ biggest nuclear advocates
say they would welcome a genu-
ine discussion.
“I think that nuclear deserves
a debate,” Anne Lauvergeon, the
former chief executive of Areva,
and a trusted adviser in the 1990s
to the Socialist president Fran-
çois Mitterrand, said at a confer-
ence in Paris last week. “But it
must be a real debate, not one
that gets hijacked and swallowed
up by people who are more ideo-
logues than practitioners.”
Daniel Cohn-Bendit, a promi-
nent Green and member of the
European Parliament, said it was
too early to say whether the nu-
clear debate would doom the co-
“There is both tension and a
willingness to work together,” he
“They say,” he added, “that if
you can’t stand the heat, get out
of the kitchen. But if you’re not in
the kitchen, you can’t cook.”
Energy Policy in France Divides Governing Coalition of Socialists and Greens
The Socialist
president seeks to
speed the closing of a
nuclear plant. The Green Party
savors a taste of
power, but finds itself
at odds with its base. By KAREEM FAHIM and RACHEL DONADIO
BEIRUT, Lebanon — Pope
Benedict XVI traveled to Leba-
non on Friday with a message of
tolerance that took on wider reso-
nance as protests over an anti-
Muslim video produced in the
United States spread to about 20
countries. Soon after the pope’s plane
touched down in Beirut for his
first visit to the region since 2009,
protesters 50 miles away at-
tacked American restaurant
chains in the northern Lebanese
city of Tripoli. Soldiers opened
fire on the protesters, killing one
and wounding more than two
dozen other people, officials said. As the pope stepped onto the
tarmac, looking tired and using a
cane, he was welcomed by cheer-
ing crowds and children bearing
flowers. Benedict, who has stum-
bled in the past when speaking of
Islam, made no mention of the
protests, instead praising Leba-
non as an example of cooperation
among faiths. “Like me, you know that this
equilibrium, which is presented
everywhere as an example, is ex-
tremely delicate,” he said. “Some-
times it seems about to snap like
a bow which is overstretched or
submitted to pressures which are
too often partisan.” He added, “This is where real
moderation and great wisdom
are tested.” The Vatican had played down
security concerns, saying the
pope would be warmly welcomed
for his three-day visit to Leba-
non, where more than 30 percent
of the population is Christian and
posters bearing his likeness lined
the highway. On his plane en
route to Lebanon, Benedict told
reporters, “Nobody has advised
me to cancel this voyage,” ac-
cording to an informal transcript
provided by the Italian daily La
Stampa. “I never thought of it,”
he said, “because I know that the
more complicated a situation be-
comes, the more necessary it is to
send this signal of fraternity, en-
couragement and solidarity.”
In keeping with Benedict’s
longstanding plan for the trip, the
message appeared to be aimed
principally to bolster Christians
in the region, an ancient commu-
nity whose numbers have dwin-
dled in recent decades because of
wars, occupations and discrimi-
nation. At a meeting with religious
leaders at St. Paul’s Basilica out-
side Beirut on Friday evening,
the pope signed a Vatican docu-
ment on the state of Christians in
the region.
“A Middle East without Chris-
tians, or with only a few Chris-
tians, would no longer be the
Middle East," Benedict said in
the document, “The Church in
the Middle East,” which is the
product of a meeting of bishops
at the Vatican in 2010.
Benedict said that Christians in
the Middle East should be al-
lowed “full citizenship” and not
considered “second-class citizens
or believers,” adding that their
steady decline in the region was
leading to “human, cultural, and
religious impoverishment.” The pope also focused on the
war in Syria, a deepening civil
conflict that has left thousands of
people dead and poses a growing
threat to regional stability. Add-
ing emphasis to his previous calls
for an end to the violence, he
called for a halt to arms imports
by both sides in the conflict. “The importing of arms cannot
continue,” the pope said. “Instead
of importing arms, which is a
grave sin, one should import
ideas of peace, creativity, find so-
lutions for accepting everyone in
his otherness.”
Those comments, which
seemed aimed at the government
of President Bashar al-Assad of
Syria and the growing number of
militias fighting to topple him,
also served as a sharp rebuke to
regional powers, including Iran,
Saudi Arabia and Qatar, which
continue to funnel arms into Syr-
ia. The pope also spoke for the
first time about the wave of upris-
ings that have transformed the
region since his last visit. “I
would say it’s a positive thing:
it’s the desire for more democra-
cy, more liberty, more coopera-
tion and a renewed Arab identi-
ty,” Benedict said.
But he also added that amid
such revolutions, “there is al-
ways a danger of forgetting a fun-
damental aspect of liberty: toler-
ance for others and the fact that
human liberty is always a shared
liberty.” He added, “We must do
everything possible” to encour-
age tolerance and “reconcilia-
In a dark moment in his papa-
cy in 2006, Benedict angered
Muslims when on a visit to Ger-
many he quoted a Byzantine em-
peror who called Islam “evil and
inhuman.” In response, Muslims
demonstrated around the world,
and an Italian nun was killed in
Somalia. The pope later apolo-
gized. This week, amid the spreading
unrest over the anti-Muslim vid-
eo, the Vatican has walked a fine
line to prevent causing similar of-
fense. On Wednesday, the Vat-
ican spokesman, the Rev. Federi-
co Lombardi, issued a statement
that focused on the video, saying
that “unjustified offense and
provocations” against Muslims
produce “sometimes tragic re-
sults” that yield “unacceptable
violence.” The statement came
after news emerged of the death
of J.Christopher Stevens, the
American ambassador to Libya,
in an attack on the consulate in
Benghazi, but before the United
States confirmed it.
On Thursday, Father Lombardi
issued a statement denouncing
the ambassador’s death, saying
that it called “for the firmest pos-
sible condemnation on the part of
the Holy See.”
“Nothing, in fact, can justify
the activity of terrorist organ-
izations and homicidal violence,”
the statement said.
But by Friday evening, the
spokesman sought to distance
the pope from the growing con-
troversy and any comment that
could cause distress. “The visit,”
Father Lombardi said, “is a mes-
sage in itself.”
Benedict Takes Message
Of Tolerance to Lebanon
The pope shrugs off
concerns about his
safety in a visit to a
turbulent region.
Kareem Fahim reported from Bei-
rut, and Rachel Donadio from
Rome and Vatican City. Hania
Mourtada and Hwaida Saad con-
tributed reporting. A13
Mitt Romney says he will cut govern-
ment spending by some $500 billion a
year by the end of his first term, while
protecting military spending. But he
has not detailed many of the deep cuts
to domestic programs that budget ana-
lysts say would be needed to achieve
He wants to cut corporate and mar-
ginal income tax rates significantly and
says that he will make up for the hun-
dreds of billions of dollars of potentially
lost revenue each year by reducing tax
breaks. But while he has named some
tax breaks he would not touch, like the
preferential tax rates for investment in-
come, he has declined to say which ones
will be on the chopping block.
And while he often speaks of re-
pealing and replacing Obamacare, as he
calls the president’s health care over-
haul, evaluating his own plan is not
easy. He calls for encouraging individ-
uals to buy their own health insurance
by changing the tax code to no longer
give an advantage to those receiving
health insurance from their employers,
but he has not explained the new tax
credits or deductions he will propose to
help people buy coverage on their own. Mr. Romney, the Republican presi-
dential nominee, is hardly short on cam-
paign promises or policy proposals. He
is the candidate, after all, who outlined
59 proposals in a 160-page booklet dur-
ing the primaries, and he has put out a
steady stream of policy papers since
then. His proposals on cutting entitle-
ment spending are more specific than
those of President Obama: after 10
years Mr. Romney would raise the eligi-
bility age for Social Security and slow
the growth of benefits for those with
higher incomes, and turn Medicare into
a program where the elderly would be
given fixed amounts of money and the
option of buying private insurance or
government coverage. But on several key near-term propos-
als, his campaign’s policies have a Mad
Libs quality to them — big blanks to be
filled in where some of the details might
“It’s hard to analyze his plan because
the specifics are so lacking,” said Rob-
ert L. Bixby, the executive director of
the Concord Coalition, a nonpartisan
group that advocates fiscal responsibil-
ity. Mr. Bixby praised Mr. Romney for
setting spending goals and said his
strategy of broadening the tax base is a
good one. But he said Mr. Romney had
presented less budget detail than other
recent presidential candidates.
“You’re being promised a lot of pleas-
ure without being told what the pain is,”
Mr. Bixby said. “You have to be upfront
with people and tell them what the
trade-offs are.”
This lack of specificity has become an
issue as Mr. Romney and his running
mate, Representative Paul D. Ryan of
Wisconsin, declined during recent tele-
vision interviews to identify any tax
loopholes they proposed closing. The
vagueness, by a campaign that has
promised to tell “hard truths,” has been
raised not just by the Obama campaign,
but also by some Republicans and con-
servative-leaning publications.
Mr. Romney said in an interview
Thursday with ABC News that he
planned to give speeches in the coming
weeks that would lay out his principles
“in more detail.” And a campaign
spokeswoman, Andrea Saul, said that
Mr. Romney had “put forth an unprece-
dented amount of detail” on his propos-
als and added that “President Obama’s
policies have failed to strengthen our
country and he has refused to detail
how anything would be different with
four more years of the same.”
No campaign is specific on every-
thing, of course. Mr. Obama was simi-
larly vague last winter when he called
for lowering the corporate tax rate to 28
percent from 35 percent — offsetting the
lost revenues by closing loopholes that
he did not specify. But President Obama
does make concrete proposals in the de-
tailed budgets he releases each year —
even if he has had trouble persuading
Congress to act on them. And Mr. Oba-
ma has the resources of the federal gov-
ernment to help develop his policies on
everything from the environment to fi-
nancial regulation to spending.
But Mr. Romney’s reluctance to ex-
plain his tax plan differs from the way
George W. Bush sold his proposals in
2000, when he regularly met on the trail Mitt Romney’s staff wiping a ramp before his arrival Friday at a rally at Lake Erie College in Painesville, Ohio. Below, supporters listening to him speak.
Some Romney Proposals Await Fuller Detail
‘It’s hard to analyze his
plan because the
specifics are so lacking.’
Continued on Page A15
KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Citing a wave
of angry backlash, a Kansas man on Fri-
day withdrew a petition in which he ar-
gued that President Obama should be
removed from the state’s election ballot
because he did not meet citizenship re-
The challenge filed this week by Joe
Montgomery of Manhattan, Kan.,
prompted state election authorities to
seek a certified copy of Mr. Obama’s
birth certificate and reignited long-run-
ning conspiracy theories that the presi-
dent was not born in the United States.
The state will continue to try to obtain
the birth certificate, and officials will
meet on Monday as scheduled to close
the case officially. But without the peti-
tion, Mr. Obama will remain on the bal-
lot, Secretary of State Kris W. Kobach
told The Associated Press.
Mr. Montgomery, the communica-
tions director for the Kansas State Uni-
versity College of Veterinary Medicine,
explained his decision in an e-mail to
Mr. Kobach.
“There has been a great deal of ani-
mosity and intimidation directed not
only at me, but at people around me,
who are both personal and professional
associations,” he wrote. He added that
he did not “wish to burden anyone with
more of this negative reaction.”
After a hearing on Thursday, the
state’s Objections Board, led by Mr.
Kobach, a conservative Republican,
said it needed more information before
issuing a ruling.
Mr. Montgomery argued that under
case law, to be eligible to become presi-
dent, a person must be born in the Unit-
ed States to parents who are citizens.
Mr. Obama’s father was from Kenya,
and his mother was from Kansas. Mr.
Montgomery also speculated that the
birth certificate that Mr. Obama re-
leased last year may have been forged. But a lawyer for the Obama cam-
paign, in a letter to Mr. Kobach, said
that Mr. Montgomery’s interpretation
of the law was contrary to what the Su-
preme Court had held for “over a hun-
dred years.” Because no representative of Mr.
Obama appeared at the hearing on
Thursday and the only response his
campaign provided was the one-and-a-
half-page letter, which the state deemed
cursory, the board decided it could not
rule immediately. Brad Bryant, the state’s election di-
rector, noted that in other states like Ar-
izona, officials had also sought to verify
Mr. Obama’s birth certificate to ensure
his eligibility for their ballots. A spokeswoman for Mr. Kobach’s of-
fice said that the state was required to
review objections to the ballot.
The Objections Board is made up of
Mr. Kobach and two other Republicans,
Attorney General Derek Schmidt and
Lt. Gov. Jeffrey Colyer.
In a lengthy brief filed with the state,
Mr. Montgomery cited 19th-century
case law in arguing that Mr. Obama was
not a natural-born citizen. “Our nation’s
founders wanted to prevent our presi-
dent from having any citizenship con-
flicts due to parents who were not citi-
zens and who did not intend to become
citizens,” Mr. Montgomery wrote. Later, Mr. Montgomery wrote that
“Mr. Obama has failed to provide any
valid, certified documentary evidence
to legally establish birth in this country,
much less to citizen parents. Further
there is substantial evidence showing
that much of Mr. Obama’s alleged birth
certificates have been forged or doc-
tored, and have not been confirmed as
legally valid, true and accurate.”
Mr. Montgomery did not respond to
e-mail and telephone messages seeking
comment. Fearing that the “birther” conspira-
cies had started to move into the main-
stream, in large part because one of
their loudest advocates was Donald
Trump,Mr. Obama pushed back last
year, releasing his long-form birth cer-
tificate. It shows he was born in Hawaii
in 1961.
“We’re not going to be able to solve
our problems if we get distracted by
sideshows and carnival barkers,” Mr.
Obama said at the time. A spokesman for the Obama cam-
paign declined to comment on Friday.
But in a letter sent to Mr. Kobach on
Wednesday, a lawyer for the campaign,
Kip F. Wainscott, wrote that both state
and federal courts had rejected Mr.
Montgomery’s legal contentions. “These tired allegations are utterly
baseless, and the objector’s arguments
are entirely without merit,” Mr. Wain-
scott wrote. This challenge to Mr. Obama comes
in a state where the Republican nomi-
nee, Mitt Romney, is heavily favored,
and where the electorate has shifted
sharply to the right over the past couple
of years. With the backing of the state’s
first conservative governor in decades,
Sam Brownback, several far-right Re-
publicans defeated moderate state sen-
ators in primary elections last month,
opening the way for conservatives to
win control of the State Senate. Con-
servatives already control the House,
meaning the state is expected to swing
even more heavily to the right, with ma-
jor tax cuts and stringent social policies. Mr. Kobach, one of Kansas’s leading
conservatives, has pushed for tougher
voter identification laws, helped write
Arizona’s controversial immigration
law and called two years ago for Mr.
Obama to release his long-form birth
certificate. Mr. Kobach declined an interview re-
quest on Friday. But The Topeka Cap-
ital-Journal quoted him as saying
Thursday that the board was doing its
due diligence. “I don’t think it’s a frivolous objec-
tion,” he said. “I do think the factual
record could be supplemented.” Ballot Challenge in Kansas
Over Obama’s Birth Is Ended
A case is over, but a state
says it will still try to
obtain a birth certificate.
Secretary of State Kris W. Kobach, near center, and Joe Montgomery, right,
a resident of Manhattan, Kan., who filed a petition, at a hearing Thursday. three percentage points for each
The president holds a 10-point
advantage on who would do a
better job handling foreign policy,
with 4 in 10 voters very confident
of Mr. Obama’s ability to handle
an international crisis, compared
with about one-quarter who say
the same about Mr. Romney. The
survey was largely conducted be-
fore foreign affairs took on
heightened importance when the
United States ambassador to Lib-
ya and three other Americans
there were killed on Tuesday.
While the poll reflects a pre-
vailing sentiment among Mr.
Romney’s advisers that he must
find a way to change the dynam-
ics of the race, the findings also
highlight a lingering discontent
running through the electorate. A
slim majority of likely voters still
disapprove of how Mr. Obama
has handled the economy and 7 in
10 rank the economy as fairly bad
or very bad.
But with only two weeks before
the first wave of early voting be-
gins in some states, the presi-
dential race has taken on a new
sense of urgency, the poll found,
with enthusiasm increasing
among voters. A plea for pa-
tience, which Mr. Obama deliv-
ered at the Democratic conven-
tion, appears to be resonating
with some voters.
“I believe the country is going
in the right direction, little by lit-
tle,” Anita Young, 42, an inde-
pendent voter from Ardmore,
Pa., said in a follow-up interview.
“Are things moving fast enough?
No, of course not, but Rome
wasn’t built in a day.”
The president’s job approval
rating of 51 percent among all
Americans marks the first time
he has surpassed a majority in
the poll by The Times and CBS
News since immediately after
Osama bin Laden was killed, in
May 2011. The number of adults
who say the country is on the
right track has increased to 40
percent, though 54 percent say it
is on the wrong track.
The coalition that helped
sweep Mr. Obama into office four
years ago is at least partly intact.
He holds a 12-point advantage
among women, while Mr. Rom-
ney holds the upper hand among
men by 8 percentage points. But
independent voters, who sup-
ported Mr. Obama by eight per-
centage points in 2008, are now
breaking for Mr. Romney by six
percentage points.
The poll found that a majority
of voters embrace the president’s
vision of a country that empha-
sizes community and shared re-
sponsibility over self-reliance
and individual responsibility, a
distinction at the core of the de-
bate between the Republican and
Democratic tickets about the
proper role of government.
But with the nation’s unem-
ployment rate still above 8 per-
cent, a recent spike in gas prices
and another impending budget
showdown in Washington, a
cloud of pessimism still looms,
which creates an opening for Mr.
Romney among frustrated voters
who are looking for a change. Looking forward, 45 percent of
likely voters say they believe the
next generation of Americans
will be worse off and 31 percent
say it will be better. On this ques-
tion, there is a sharp divide
among race, with black men and
women far more hopeful about
the future than white men and
When asked who understands
their needs and problems, Mr.
Obama has a 20-point advantage
over Mr. Romney among women,
compared to an 8-point advan-
tage among men. Since a Times/
CBS News poll in early March,
Mr. Romney has made significant
gains with voters in finding a per-
sonal connection and showing
empathy; the latest survey finds
46 percent of likely voters say he
understands their challenges and
48 percent say he does not.
“We’re getting further behind,”
said Gregory Sowin, 55, an inde-
pendent voter from Kewaskum,
Wis., who owns a bar and a con-
struction business and is frus-
trated by health care and other
policies of the administration. In
a follow-up interview, he said,
“Romney can’t do any worse
than Obama has done, and I’m
betting my future that he can do
This is the first poll by The
Times and CBS News of the elec-
tion cycle to take a measure of
those considered most likely to
vote. The nationwide telephone
survey was conducted from Sept.
8 through 12 among 1,170 regis-
tered voters, including those who
were weighted by their respons-
es to questions about voting his-
tory, attention to the campaign
and likelihood of voting.
Among the wider spectrum of
registered voters in this poll after
the Democratic National Conven-
tion last week, Mr. Obama has a
stronger command of the race.
The poll found that 51 percent of
those voters supported Mr. Oba-
ma and Vice President Joseph R.
Biden Jr., while 43 percent sup-
ported Mr. Romney and Repre-
sentative Paul D. Ryan of Wis-
But among the probable elec-
torate, which models likely vot-
ers and typically reflects the
tendency of Republicans to turn
out more consistently at the polls,
the candidates are running far
closer. When these likely voters
were asked about the trajectory
of the United States over the last
four years, 35 percent said the
country was better off, 41 percent
said the country was worse off
and 23 percent said it was about
the same.
The president’s base of sup-
porters is more enthusiastic and
loyal, with 62 percent saying they
will vote for him because they
like him and 30 percent because
they dislike Mr. Romney. But
among Mr. Romney’s supporters,
50 percent say they like him and
39 percent say they are support-
ing him because they do not like
the direction Mr. Obama is taking
the country.
With less than eight weeks re-
maining until the election on Nov.
6, just 5 percent of voters have
not yet decided which candidate
to support, while about 1 in 10 vot-
ers who already support a candi-
date say they could still change
their minds. Barack Obama Mitt Romney
65 and older
Age 18-29
All likely voters
49% 46
Based on nationwide telephone interviews conducted Sept. 8-12 with 1,170 registered voters weighted to a probable electorate. Those with no opinion are not shown.
The 2012 Presidential Election
If the election for president were being held today, for whom would you vote? 44
Barack Obama Mitt Romney
Barack Obama Mitt Romney
Does Does not
Foreign policy
Health care
Federal budget deficit
54% 40
Likely Voters’ Views of Obama and Romney
Which candidate would do a better job handling...
Do you think [candidate] understands the needs and problems of people like yourself?
Do you think [candidate] says what he believes most of the time, or what he thinks people want to hear?
Do you think the policies of [candidate’s] administration will favor a certain group or treat all groups equally? Do you think [candidate] is honest and trustworthy?
How much confidence do you have in [candidate’s] ability to handle an international crisis?
Do you think [candidate] has made it clear what he wants to accomplish as president?
Which candidate would do more to help middle-class Americans?
What people
want to hear
What he
middle class
Treat all groups
NoneA littleSomeA lot
49% 39
60% 37
46 48
54% 43
42 53
58% 37
53 36
59% 37
50 44
50 43
50 46
48 46
47 46
43 51
President Obama and Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. have the support of 51 percent of registered voters, the poll found.
Obama Passes Romney on Economy, Poll Finds
From Page A1
The latest New York Times/CBS
News Poll is based on telephone in-
terviews conducted Sept. 8 through
12 with 1,301 adults throughout the
United States. Of these, 1,170 said
they were registered to vote.
The sample of land-line telephone
exchanges called was randomly se-
lected by a computer from a complete
list of more than 72,000 active resi-
dential exchanges across the country.
The exchanges were chosen so as to
ensure that each region of the coun-
try was represented in proportion to
its share of all telephone numbers.
Within each exchange, random
digits were added to form a complete
telephone number, thus permitting
access to listed and unlisted numbers
alike. Within each household, one
adult was designated by a random
procedure to be the respondent for
the survey. To increase coverage, this land-line
sample was supplemented by re-
spondents reached through random
dialing of cellphone numbers. The
two samples were then combined and
adjusted to assure the proper ratio of
land-line-only, cellphone-only and
dual phone users.
Interviewers made multiple at-
tempts to reach every phone number
in the survey, calling back unan-
swered numbers on different days at
different times of both day and
The combined results have been
weighted to adjust for variation in the
sample relating to geographic region,
sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital
status, age, education and number of
adults in the household. Respondents
in the land-line sample were also
weighted to take account of the num-
ber of telephone lines into the resi-
dence. Findings regarding the presiden-
tial candidates were also weighted in
terms of an overall “probable elector-
ate,” which used responses to ques-
tions dealing with voting history, at-
tention to the campaign and likeli-
hood of voting as a measure of the
probability of respondents’ actually
turning out on Election Day. Self-
identified Republicans, Democrats
and independents were also adjusted
to their average proportion among
likely voters in the most recent two
polls by The Times and CBS News.
In theory, in 19 cases out of 20,
overall results based on such sam-
ples will differ by no more than three
percentage points in either direction
from what would have been obtained
by seeking to interview all American
adults. For smaller subgroups, the
margin of sampling error is larger.
Shifts in results between polls over
time also have a larger sampling er-
ror. In addition to sampling error, the
practical difficulties of conducting
any survey of public opinion may in-
troduce other sources of error into
the poll. Variation in the wording and
order of questions, for example, may
lead to somewhat different results. Michael R. Kagay of Princeton,
N.J.,assisted The Times in its polling
analysis. Complete questions and re-
sults are available at
polls. How the Poll Was Conducted
As governor of Michigan from 2003 to 2010,
Jennifer M. Granholm was in the driver’s seat
during one of the state’s most economically pain-
ful periods, and now she is in an anchor’s seat on
Current TV. But before that, Ms. Granholm was
in the hot seat as a contestant on “The Dating
Game” in 1978.
“Cute and curvaceous,” as the host called her,
the 19-year-old Ms. Granholm bounded onto the
set in high-waisted pants, a puffy-sleeved shirt,
and a big halo of blond curls.
Though Ms. Granholm had long acknowledged
her appearance on the show, which came during
her aspiring-actress phase in Los Angeles, the
video only recently made its way to YouTube.
She got to choose one of three men. She reject-
ed the multilingual contractor from Texas who
told her what he did with a sponge in the shower.
She rejected the textile salesman and magician
from Brooklyn, who told a tale of a previous girl-
friend, Betty Boom Boom. Though she could not
see the men, Ms. Granholm plucked the model
from the bunch, who impressed her with his sim-
plistic poetry.
Ms. Granholm begged for forgiveness on Twit-
ter — for her hairstyle.
“I was a teenager in the ’70s!” she wrote. “My
hair could’ve been a nest for an entire family of
THAT ’70S HAIR Ex-Governor’s Turn
Jennifer M. Granholm at the Democratic
National Convention this year, above, and
as a contestant on “The Dating Game” in
1978, when she was an aspiring actress.
If the parties are indeed engaged in some sort
of “war over women,” as has some pundits have
argued, record numbers of them are enlisting in
the fight themselves. More women have been
nominated to the major parties for House and
Senate seats than ever, according to research-
“Not since the so-called Year of the Woman in
1992 have we seen such a leap in the number of
women stepping forward to contend for Con-
gressional seats,” said Debbie Walsh, director of
the Center for American Women and Politics at
Rutgers, which tracked the candidacies. Eigh-
teen women are running for the Senate, break-
ing 2010’s record of 14, and 163 are up for House
seats, breaking the record from 2004, when 141
women made bids.
In a press release, Ms. Walsh noted some sim-
ilarities between 1992 and 2012: “The crucial
first election after reapportionment and redis-
tricting, news events underscoring the need for
women’s voices in policy-making, and a presi-
dential election year generating political excite-
Particularly remarkable is that women ap-
pear to be diving right into federal-level elec-
tions, said Karen Middleton, president of
Emerge America, a group that instructs Demo-
cratic women in how to run for office. But the
rise in Congressional candidacies does not cor-
respond with an increase in bids for local- and
state-level posts by women, she said.
Women seeking to win or keep a place in the
Senate or the House are likelier to be Demo-
crats. Twelve female Democrats are running in
the Senate and 116 in the House; 6 Republican
women seek Senate seats; 47, House seats.
After this year’s elections, however, more Re-
publican women will be gov-
ernors than Democrats will.
Six women are now gover-
nors. The terms of the four
Republicans are not up this
year, while the two Demo-
crats declined to seek re-
election. Maggie Hassan,
who won the Democratic
primary in New Hampshire
on Tuesday, is the only
woman in the country run-
ning for governor. If she los-
es, the Rutgers researchers
said, there will be no Demo-
cratic female governors for
the first time since 1996.
Obstacles remain, Ms. Middleton said, men-
tioning harsh media portrayal and family obliga-
tions that continue to rest mainly with women.
The increase in women’s candidacies is a “step
in the right direction,” she said. “But we don’t
think our work is done, by a long shot.”
DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFT More Women Running for Office
Maggie Hassan
is running for
governor. ELECTION
Allison Kopicki, Marina Stefan
and Dalia Sussman contributed
reporting. N
PAINESVILLE, Ohio — One of
the advantages of the partner-
ship between Mitt Romney and
Paul D. Ryan is their ability to of-
fer varied messages on the cam-
paign trail — unusually varied, as
shown on Friday. The running
mates punched a list of campaign
goals — rallying the conservative
base, turning up the heat on
President Obama and reaching
out to women watching morning
television — when each day
counting down to Nov. 6 matters.
While Mr. Ryan played the
hammer of Thor, pounding Presi-
dent Obama in unusually caustic
terms, Mr. Romney allowed a
lighthearted, humanizing
glimpse of himself in an inter-
view for ABC’s “Live!” morning
Mr. Romney and his wife, Ann,
proved themselves adept con-
sumers of pop culture, disclosing
that “Modern Family” is their fa-
vorite television show and that
Mr. Romney prefers Snooki (of
“Jersey Shore”) to Honey Boo
Boo (of the reality TV show).
Asked if they kept up with the
Kardashians, Mrs. Romney re-
plied:“Who keeps up with the
Kardashians? Who can keep up
with the Kardashians?”
The interview, to be broadcast
Tuesday, was booked before the
explosion of anti-American vio-
lence in the Middle East, and
while Mr. Romney has addressed
that and other weighty topics in
recent days, he threw himself
into the interview with the morn-
ing hosts Kelly Ripa and Michael
Strahan. Later on Friday, Mr.
Romney somberly asked for a
moment of silence for the four
American diplomats killed in Lib-
ya, delaying his stump speech
while the bodies were honored at
Joint Base Andrews in Maryland. Meanwhile, Mr. Ryan was the
iron fist inside Mr. Romney’s vel-
vet glove. He spoke to a very dif-
ferent audience from the expect-
ed viewers of “Live!” — social
conservatives gathered in Wash-
ington for the Values Voter Sum-
mit sponsored by the Family Re-
search Council, which opposes
abortion and gay marriage. Mr.
Ryan nodded to both those is-
sues, but his main thrust was to
dial up the attacks against Presi-
dent Obama, accusing the presi-
dent of using “straw-man argu-
ments” because he has no record
on which to run.
“Lately he’s been trying out a
new tactic,” Mr. Ryan said. “It’s a
classic Barack Obama straw
man: If anyone dares to point out
the facts of his record, why then,
they’re just being negative and
pessimistic about the country.
The new straw man is people
hoping for the decline of Amer-
“It’s pretty sad, but this is the
closest President Obama can
come these days to sounding pos-
itive himself,” he added.
If the intent was to sharpen the
contrast between the two presi-
dential campaigns and motivate
part of the conservative base at a
time when new polls show Mr.
Obama gaining a slight advan-
tage, Mr. Ryan may have suc-
ceeded. He was frequently
In response, the Obama cam-
paign criticized Mr. Ryan’s tone
as much as his substance. “To-
day, speaking at a values summit,
he unleashed a series of over-the-
top, dishonest attacks against the
president that once again re-
minded voters that he’s just not
ready for prime time,” said Dan-
ny Kanner, an Obama campaign
spokesman. “In the not too dis-
tant past, Mitt Romney and Con-
gressman Ryan said they wanted
a serious debate on substantive
issues. We’re still waiting.”
The Romneys were unusually
playful in their joint interview,
part of an effort to humanize Mr.
Romney that began at the Repub-
lican National Convention and in-
cluded an intimate portrait of the
couple at their New Hampshire
lake house filmed for CBS News’s
“60 Minutes.”
When Mr. Strahan asked Mr.
Romney what he wears to bed,
the former governor of Massa-
chusetts asked:“Really? Real-
ly?” before saying: “I hear the
best answer is as little as pos-
Asked for an embarrassing
story, Mrs. Romney delighted the
audience with a tale about the
time she and Anita Perry, the
wife of Gov. Rick Perry of Texas,
were wandering around the
White House and stumbled on
President George W. Bush get-
ting a massage.
“He was covered up, but I was
so embarrassed that the next
time I did see him I didn’t know
what I was going to say to him,”
she recalled. “We were going
down the elevator from the White
House, going to an event togeth-
er, and I walked up to the eleva-
tor and am just like blushing,
blushing, blushing, and he looks
at me and he winks as he does
and says, ‘I look pretty good,
don’t I?’”
While Ryan Throws Hardballs, Romney Makes Friends on Morning TV
Representative Paul D. Ryan,with his wife, Janna, and his mother, Betty Ryan Douglas, campaigned Friday at a fairgrounds in Harrisonburg, Va.
An appearance on
‘Live’ is a dance
through pop culture. Ashley Parker reported from
Painesville, and Trip Gabriel from
Washington. with families whose future tax
cuts he would estimate to the dol-
lar. When it comes to Afghanistan,
for instance, Mr. Romney seems
to agree with President Obama’s
proposal to pull out most troops
by the end of 2014, even as he has
faulted the administration for an-
nouncing the timeline so early. On housing, an area where the
Obama administration has been
criticized for not acting aggres-
sively enough to stem the foreclo-
sure crisis, Mr. Romney’s plan
calls vaguely for “creative alter-
natives to foreclosure,” which the
campaign says could include reg-
ulatory and accounting changes. And on immigration, he has
said that he would “replace and
supersede” Mr. Obama’s recent
executive action allowing hun-
dreds of thousands of illegal im-
migrants who came to the United
States as children to remain in
the country and work without
fear of deportation — but has not
explained what he would replace
it with.
One of Mr. Romney’s most spe-
cific pledges is to cut government
spending to 20 percent of the na-
tion’s gross domestic product by
the end of his first term, down
from the 22.9 percent the Con-
gressional Budget Office projects
it will be this year. He also calls
for keeping military spending to
at least 4 percent of the gross do-
mestic product, putting pressure
on many domestic programs. In a speech last November, Mr.
Romney said that his goals would
require spending cuts of almost
$500 billion a year, and he laid out
a number of things he would do:
cap Medicaid payments to the
states to save $100 billion a year;
eliminate waste and fraud to save
$60 billion; limit the salaries of
government workers to save $47
billion a year; cut the federal
work force by 10 percent, saving
$3.5 billion a year, and cutting
federal spending on Amtrak, the
National Endowment for the
Arts, the National Endowment
for the Humanities and the Cor-
poration for Public Broadcasting.
But a rough back-of-the-enve-
lope tally of his proposed cuts,
which does not take into account
whether they are realistic, finds
that his proposals fall more than
$150 billion shy of his goal of cut-
ting nearly half a trillion dollars a
year. An analysis by the Center
on Budget and Policy Priorities, a
liberal-leaning research and ad-
vocacy group, found that for Mr.
Romney to meet all of his tax,
spending and deficit reduction
goals would require “extraordi-
narily large cuts” in other pro-
grams. And while Mr. Romney has
pledged not to raise taxes on the
middle class, Democrats have re-
peatedly claimed that he will.
They are relying on studies ques-
tioning how Mr. Romney can cut
marginal income tax rates by 20
percent and make up for the lost
revenue — estimated to be $456
billion a year in 2015 by the Tax
Policy Center — without raising
taxes on middle-class families, in-
creasing taxes on investment in-
come or breaking another one of
his tax promises. His campaign noted that Mr.
Romney had said that families
making less than $200,000 would
not see an increase in their share
of the tax burden, but it did not
offer any specifics of which de-
ductions would be curbed, saying
that would be worked out with
Congress. The Romney cam-
paign’s economists argue that
simplifying the tax code will un-
leash economic growth, helping
to pay for the tax cuts. But Joel B.
Slemrod, an economist at the
University of Michigan who was
a co-author of a seminal study of
the revenue-neutral 1986 tax
overhaul, said that their proposal
was difficult to evaluate without
more details. “They’ve fleshed out all the
stuff that would reduce revenue:
the rate cuts, the investment pro-
tections, getting rid of the estate
tax,” Mr. Slemrod said. “But they
haven’t talked except in very
vague generalities about how
they’d make up the revenue. Un-
til we know the details, we don’t
know what the growth effects
would be.”
From Page A13
Some Romney Proposals
Are Awaiting Fuller Detail By DAVID E. SANGER and ASHLEY PARKER
ney has a clear “red line” in
mind, a point beyond which Iran
cannot go toward producing a nu-
clear weapon. It is sharply differ-
ent, his campaign insists, from
President Obama’s.
But he is having a hard time
explaining the difference. On Thursday, Mr. Romney’s
advisers were very clear: Mr.
Obama had made a big mistake
declaring only that he would stop
Iran from “acquiring a nuclear
weapon,” a formulation the presi-
dent has used many times. Mr.
Romney, his adviser Eliot Cohen
said in an interview, “would not
be content with an Iran one
screwdriver’s turn away from a
nuclear weapon.” Mr. Romney is determined to
stop Iran from obtaining a nucle-
ar “capability” — the combina-
tion of nuclear fuel, the technol-
ogy to fashion it into a weapon
and a delivery device — that
would enable it to build a weapon
in a matter of weeks or months,
Mr. Cohen said.
It is a critical distinction and
one that Mr. Romney made on
July 29 during a visit to Israel.
Showing that he and Prime Min-
ister Benjamin Netanyahu were
on the same page, Mr. Romney
noted that for years he has said
that “Iran’s pursuit of a nuclear
weapons capability presents an
intolerable threat to Israel.”
For much of the past week, the
argument between Mr. Netanya-
hu and Mr. Obama over where to
draw a red line — at capability or
an actual weapon — has played
out publicly here and in Israel. It
was the subject of a heated con-
versation between the two lead-
ers on Tuesday night. But when Mr. Romney sat with
George Stephanopoulos of ABC
News on Thursday, he seemed to
forget his own position. “My red line is Iran may not
have a nuclear weapon,” he told
Mr. Stephanopoulos. “It is in-
appropriate for them to have the
capacity to terrorize the world.” If he sounded a lot like Mr.
Obama — well, it is because the
position sounds a lot like Mr.
Obama’s. When Mr. Stephano-
poulos pressed him on the simi-
larity, saying “so your red line is
the same as his,” Mr. Romney
seemed in agreement.
“Yeah,” he said, “and I laid out
what I would do to keep Iran
from reaching that red line.” He
talked of seven steps, including
“crippling sanctions” that, if they
had been put in place earlier,
would have the effect that “their
economy would be on its knees,
at this point.” He made no men-
tion of the sanctions Mr. Obama
has engineered on Iran, including
on its oil sector, depriving the
government of about a million
barrels a day of oil exports, the
country’s most important source
of revenue. Mr. Stephanopoulos gave Mr.
Romney another chance. “But
your red line going forward is the
same?” “Yes,” Mr. Romney said, going
on to describe how it is important
that the United States “means
what it says.”
“You’ll take any action neces-
sary to prevent that develop-
ment,” he said, “which is Iran be-
coming nuclear.”
Mr. Romney’s campaign insist-
ed that he was not changing his
position. “As he said this morn-
ing, Governor Romney’s red line
is Iran having a nuclear weapons
capacity,” said Andrea Saul, a
spokeswoman. But the imprecise
language suggested that Mr.
Romney had stumbled over the
distinction at the core of the de-
bate over whether a military
strike against Iran is justified. The Obama administration
makes the case that the only sen-
sible red line is the acquisition of
an actual weapon. After the expe-
rience of the Iraq invasion, they
note, no president would want to
go to war over suspicions about
the size of Iran’s nuclear stock-
piles of uranium, or the mystery
of how far Iran has gone toward
engineering a weapon. In Mr. Obama’s mind, it makes
little sense to put war-and-peace
decisions on a numerical thresh-
old, rather than having maximum
flexibility to find a negotiated set-
tlement. And administration offi-
cials insist that if Iran was to race
for a bomb, it would be detected
in plenty of time to act. But there is another camp, the
one Mr. Romney clearly seemed
a member of, at least until he sat
down with Mr. Stephanopoulos.
An Iran that is just a screwdriver
turn away from a bomb will get
all the influence that comes with
being a nuclear weapon state,
this group believes. “Once they
get a weapon, or on the verge of
getting it, it’s too late,” Mr. Cohen
said on Thursday.
This wording is new to Mr.
Romney, and one of his advisers
said Friday that “you’ve got to
give him some slack.” After all,
even veterans make the mistake.
Defense Secretary Leon E. Pa-
netta said at a large conference
last December that the United
States would stop Iran from get-
ting nuclear capability. Reminded
of administration policy, he soon
changed his tune.
Romney Stumbles
Explaining Iran Policy
Mitt Romney in Painesville, Ohio, Friday. Aides insist his Iran policy differs from the president’s. Efforts to distinguish
a position on a
nuclear ‘red line.’
NEW ORLEANS — Over the past year, in
churches full of citizens railing at the state of the
city jail, and in courtrooms where the thousands
of young men who populate that jail rotate glumly
through the sentencing process, a middle-aged
woman could be seen sitting quietly. Her name is
Donna Gauthier and she had not given much
thought to the criminal justice system, other than
to assume that if you had the misfortune of end-
ing up in it, they would at least take care of you.
Last week, Ms. Gauthier, 67, appeared in court
again to read short statements about her fiancé,
William Goetzee, a decorated commander in the
Coast Guard Reserve, whose life in New Orleans
was intertwined with the most trying ordeals of
the past decade, and ended under horrific circum-
stances in the Orleans Parish Prison.
“It’s the same thing as Katrina,” she said. “Ev-
ery time people suffer a hurricane you are com-
passionate, but you don’t feel it until it really hap-
pens to you.”
On the heels of a wide-ranging reform agree-
ment with this city’s Police Department, the Unit-
ed States Department of Justice is in negotiations
about the Orleans Parish Prison. Federal officials
have given Sheriff Marlin N. Gusman, who runs
the jail, and the city, which pays for most of it, a
matter of weeks to agree to reforms or face a fed-
eral lawsuit. In 2009, Justice Department officials released a
lengthy report about the jail’s woeful conditions,
and then in April 2012 released an even more
scathing update. This spring, federal officials
transferred all of the federal detainees there to
other jails. Among the areas that the Justice Department
has focused on are “shockingly high rates” of vio-
lence, as well as suicide prevention measures
that are “grossly inadequate” and have most like-
ly resulted in multiple suicides (there have been
at least 37 deaths at the jail, including 6 suicides,
since January 2006, according to coroner’s re-
ports compiled in a separate lawsuit against the
jail). One of the cases cited in the Justice De-
partment report was an unnamed 48-year-old
man whose suicide in August 2011 was an “egre-
gious example” of the jail’s inadequacies. That was Commander Goetzee. A native of Scotch Plains, N.J., Commander
Goetzee (pronounced GET-zee) moved here in
1999 for a four-year active-duty assignment. Hav-
ing met Ms. Gauthier, he decided to stay. The en-
suing years, for him as for nearly everyone here,
would be grueling.
He was called back to active duty with only a
few minutes’ notice in August 2005, when Hurri-
cane Katrina hit and he was sent to a St. Louis
command center to work in the response opera-
tion. He learned there that he had lost his house
to the flooding. Five years later, by then working
as a civilian employee of the Coast Guard but still
a reservist, he would spend an exhausting series
of months in the middle of the feverish response
to the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
“He had to work 24/7 on BP,” said his sister,
Margaret Nagle, 51. “He would call me, he would
say, ‘I’m so tired, I’m so tired, I just slept for an
hour.’” In the spring of 2011, as the demands of the spill
waned and, hungry for a promotion, Commander
Goetzee began flying to Illinois on his active-duty
time, working at the headquarters of the United
States Transportation Command, part of the De-
fense Department. This apparently sent him from
exhaustion to delirium. One afternoon in June, a
superior ordered him home to get some rest, and
on the way he crashed his car into a guardrail. The pain medication that immediately followed
added to his troubles, as allergies to certain drugs
led to serious psychological reactions. Those
drugs were stopped, and he spent some time at a
psychiatric hospital, rested at home for several
weeks and began treatment for mental illness. On the morning of Aug. 2, 2011, a Tuesday, hav-
ing been back at work a little more than a week,
Commander Goetzee told Ms. Gauthier that he
was not feeling well. They met and talked in her
car, and he decided to stay at the office. But min-
utes later he suddenly opened the passenger door
of a federal patrol car in front of his building and
sat down next to the surprised officer. He took
two deep breaths and then tried to yank the offi-
cer’s pistol out of the holster, saying he wanted to
kill himself. It took two federal agents standing
nearby to subdue him.
Ms. Gauthier rushed to a downtown hospital,
where Commander Goetzee was being treated for
injuries he had sustained in the scuffle. She wait-
ed for hours, answering questions from agents.
Then, to her surprise, officials told her that she
and her fiancé were free to go. He would be re-
Donna Gauthier is still seeking answers about the death of her fiancé, Cmdr. William Goetzee, while under suicide watch at a New Orleans jail. Justice Department reports about the Orleans Parish Prison in New Orleans have cited
“shockingly high rates” of violence and “grossly inadequate” suicide prevention measures.
A Suicide in a Troubled Jail
Mirrors New Orleans’s Ordeals
Commander Goetzee, a Coast
Guard reservist, died in jail in 2011.
Continued on Page A18
A county judge in Wisconsin on Fri-
day struck down much of the 2011 state
law pushed through by Gov. Scott Walk-
er that severely restricts the ability of
public employees to bargain collective-
Judge Juan B. Colás of Dane County
Circuit Court overturned the law with
regard to city, county and school district
workers — although not state employ-
ees — ruling that it violated the federal
and state Constitutions.
Judge Colás said the Republican-
backed measure, which led to huge un-
ion protests, violated union members’
freedom of speech and association as
well as the equal protection of the laws
by subjecting them to penalties not
faced by nonunion public employees.
In a statement, Mr. Walker said the
state would appeal the ruling. “Sadly,a
liberal activist judge in Dane County
wants to go backwards and take away
the lawmaking responsibilities of the
Legislature and the governor,” said Mr.
Walker, a Republican. “We are confi-
dent that the state will ultimately pre-
vail in the appeals process.”
The state is likely to request a stay
delaying the ruling during the appeals
Judge Colás overturned the law,
known as Act 10, even though the Wis-
consin Supreme Court upheld it in June
2011 on different grounds. In its 4-to-3
decision, the court rejected a challenge
that the Legislature enacted the law
without giving sufficient notice — nor-
mally 24 hours is required — under the
state’s open-meetings law.
Andrew Coan, an assistant professor
at the University of Wisconsin Law
School, said that while he could not
comment on the merits of the case, in
general “it is well within the scope of a
trial judge’s authority to issue an order
declaring a state law unconstitutional.”
The case decided on Friday was filed
by a public employees’ local in Mil-
waukee and the teachers’ union local in
Madison. “This is a sound decision by the court
that upholds what we were saying all
along — that Act 10 violates constitu-
tional rights,” said Christina Brey, a
spokeswoman for the Wisconsin Educa-
tion Association Council.
Judge Colás said the law improperly
punished workers who exercised their
freedom of association to unionize by
limiting them to smaller raises (gener-
ally no higher than the inflation rate)
than nonunion workers could receive.
The law cut back collective bargain-
ing rights for teachers and most city
and county employees,but exempted
police officers and firefighters. Judge
Colás noted that the law hurt the teach-
ers’ union and others by prohibiting cit-
ies, counties and school districts from
collecting dues from employee pay-
checks and passing them on to unions,
while there was no such prohibition re-
garding the public safety unions.
The judge wrote that the teachers’
and nonpublic safety unions were simi-
larly situated to public safety unions but
“unequally treated” without any justifi-
cation. Thus, he found a violation of
equal protection.
The push for the law led to huge pro-
tests in Madison and prompted 14 Sen-
ate Democrats to leave the state to de-
lay a vote on it. Anger against the law
was so great that opponents collected
hundreds of thousands of signatures to
sponsor a vote to recall Mr. Walker, but
he won that election in June.
Finding First Amendment violations,
a federal judge in March overturned
two provisions in the law, one barring
government units from collecting dues
payments for the unions and one requir-
ing that every public employee vote ev-
ery year in every union local on wheth-
er they still wanted a union.
County Judge Strikes Down Some Restrictions on Public Unions in Wisconsin Law
John Schwartz contributed reporting. By RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA
A prestigious Massachusetts
prep school and a pediatric hospital
said on Friday that they had no in-
dication that any of the children
they served were harmed by a doc-
tor who worked for both institu-
tions and now stands accused of re-
ceiving child pornography.
The school, Phillips Academy
Andover in Andover, Mass., re-
vealed that Dr. Richard Keller, who
as medical director for 19 years
oversaw health care for its 1,100
students, had been disciplined sev-
eral times since 1999 for using a
school computer to gain access to
pornography involving adult sub-
jects, for “showing an inappropri-
ate cartoon to students” and for
sending “an inappropriate voice
mail message to a colleague.” Dr.
Keller left last year after Andover,
as the school is known, did not re-
new his year-to-year contract.
John G. Palfrey Jr., the head of
school, released a statement on Fri-
day saying, “We have no reason to
believe that any of our students
were involved in or affected by Dr.
Keller’s alleged criminal behavior.”
Until his arrest on Thursday, Dr.
Keller was a physician at Boston
Children’s Hospital and a part-time
instructor at Harvard Medical
School. Federal prosecutors said
that in an 18-month period, he had
bought more than 50 DVDs of child
pornography online and that some
were delivered to the school’s
health center.
Dr. Keller, 56, made a brief ap-
pearance in United States District
Court in Boston on Thursday and is
being held in jail pending a sched-
uled hearing on Monday to de-
termine whether he should be de-
tained until the case is resolved or
granted bail. Prosecutors said they
would argue against bail.
He faces a single count of receiv-
ing child pornography, which car-
ries a maximum penalty of 20 years
in prison and a $250,000 fine, and a
mandatory minimum five-year
In his statement on Friday, Mr.
Palfrey listed the disciplinary epi-
sodes in explaining why the school
declined last year to renew Dr. Kel-
ler’s contract. He said that after
those incidents, the doctor was
placed on probation for “poor man-
agement and poor judgment,” and
that he then accused the school of
discrimination against him, a claim
Andover concluded was unfound-
The hospital released a state-
ment saying that it had put him on
leave, and that “no complaints or
concerns have been expressed by
any patients or family members
about the care Dr. Keller provided
while he was at Children’s.” The medical school declined to
comment, other than to say that it,
too, had placed him on leave.
As medical director at Andover,
Dr. Keller also taught a course, Per-
sonal and Community Education,
that dealt with a range of topics, in-
cluding sex. He also lived on the
school’s campus; since leaving the
post, he had moved off campus but
remained in Andover, about 20
miles north of Boston.
The school, founded in 1778, is
one of the nation’s oldest and most
exclusive. Its alumni include Samu-
el Morse, Frederick Law Olmsted,
Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., and
both Presidents Bush. It has 800
boarding students. The United States attorney’s of-
fice in Boston said on Thursday af-
ternoon that it had removed 60 to
100 DVDs from Dr. Keller’s home,
and more than 500 photographs,
and that the search was continuing.
It did not describe the contents of
the discs and pictures.
Porn Arrest
Of Doctor
No Children Harmed,
Andover Maintains
WASHINGTON — Army oper-
ations and maintenance would
lose nearly $7 billion next year,
and the Navy more than $4 billion
under a looming series of auto-
matic cuts in federal spending.
Educational achievement and
special-education programs
would be shaved by $2.3 billion.
Medicare payments to hospitals
would fall by $5.6 billion. And, particularly relevant at a
moment when world attention is
focused on the continuing attacks
on United States embassies and
consulates abroad, diplomatic
programs and embassy security
would lose $1.2 billion. These are among the findings
in a new 394-page report by the
White House that was delivered
Friday to Congress, detailing line
by line what will happen next
year if Washington fails to act to
head off about $100 billion in mil-
itary and domestic spending cuts
scheduled to begin Jan. 2. The
Obama administration had been
reluctant to specify the impact of
sequestration, as the automatic,
across-the-board spending re-
duction is called.But once forced
to do so by Congress, the White
House budget office did not
scrimp on the details. “As the administration has
made clear, no amount of plan-
ning can mitigate the effect of
these cuts,” the report states.
“Sequestration is a blunt and in-
discriminate instrument. It is not
the responsible way for our na-
tion to achieve deficit reduction.” The Budget Control Act of July
2011 established automatic cuts
as the bludgeon that was sup-
posed to force a special biparti-
san committee to reach an agree-
ment on deficit reduction of at
least $1 trillion over the next dec-
ade. The committee failed, with
Republicans refusing to meet
Democrats’ demands to raise
taxes in exchange for cuts to do-
mestic programs and entitle-
ments like Social Security and
Medicare. Lawmakers still hope that Con-
gress and the White House can
come up with a way to avoid the
cuts, but nothing will happen be-
fore the November elections,
whose outcome will have some
effect on what any future agree-
ment would look like. For now, the two parties re-
main at odds, with each seeking
to blame the other for the auto-
matic cuts about to come. Under the terms of those cuts,
most military programs face a 9.4
percent reduction, while most do-
mestic programs would be sliced
by 8.2 percent. Medicare would
be trimmed by 2 percent, while
other social programs — exclud-
ing Social Security — would be
sliced by as much as 10 percent. White House officials said cuts
to Medicare would fall on health
care providers, not beneficiaries.
But the impact on health care
professionals could affect the eld-
erly if deep cuts prompt doctors
and hospitals to shun Medicare
patients. Total payments to hos-
pitals through Medicare would be
cut by more than $5.8 billion next
year, while prescription drug
benefits would be trimmed by
$591 million.
The White House report details
how $108 billion in cuts would be
meted out next year, the start of
what would be a decade’s worth
of cuts on that scale. Congressional Republicans
were the first to demand a de-
tailed accounting this summer,
focusing on the planned Penta-
gon cuts. The White House re-
sisted. Then Democrats joined in,
pushing to see the impact on do-
mestic programs as well and ulti-
mately passing legislation almost
unanimously demanding a writ-
ten report.
A senior administration offi-
cial, speaking on the condition of
anonymity, acknowledged the
White House reluctance on Fri-
day. The reason, he said, was the
fear that “lots of energy and time
would go to reporting and plan-
ning as opposed to avoiding the
As late as Friday, Congression-
al aides were skeptical that the
White House would produce the
details lawmakers had wanted.
And the White House did not get
to the level of precision sought by
some lawmakers, down to the ef-
fect on individual weapons pro-
grams or military bases. But the report does detail the
potential toll on more than 1,200
agencies and programs, like the
$4 million the Library of Con-
gress stands to lose for its books
for the blind and handicapped.
The first items on the ledger
are cuts to the legislative branch.
Inquiries and investigations, a
mainstay of the Republican
House, would lose $11 million.
Salaries and expenses in the
House of Representatives would
drop by $101 million. However,
under the terms of the budget
law, salaries for lawmakers
would be exempt.
“Hopefully this will move the
Republicans toward compro-
mise,” said another administra-
tion official, who briefed report-
ers under the condition, set by
the White House, that he not be
identified. “But without compromise, the
report gives us a window into
what our future might be like.”
Big cuts would hit the military.
Defense Department operations
and maintenance would lose $3.9
billion next year alone. Air Force
and Navy aircraft procurement
would be sliced by more than $4.2
billion. And money to strengthen
Afghanistan’s security force the
year before the United States
plans to withdraw its own forces
would fall by $1.3 billion. Pain would be spread widely.
The National Institutes of Health
would lose $2.5 billion. Rental as-
sistance for the poor would fall by
$2.3 billion; nutrition programs
for women, infants and children
would lose $543 million. Domestic priorities more asso-
ciated with Republicans would
also take a hit. The Customs and
Border Patrol budget would fall
by $823 million, and the budget
for the border fence would drop
$33 million. Under the terms of last year’s
budget act, veterans programs
were exempted from the cuts.
Mr. Obama used the latitude
granted by the law to also shield
military personnel. But that
would only deepen the remaining
military cuts.
Chances that the report would
move the parties to the negotiat-
ing table before the election
seemed remote, judging from the
reaction on Friday.
“It’s the American people who
will pay the price for Republican
intransigence,” said Representa-
tive Chris Van Hollen, Democrat
of Maryland.
“It is time for the president and
Senate Democrats to follow the
example of the House and
present a plan to remedy these
unbalanced and dangerous de-
fense cuts,” said Senator Jeff Ses-
sions, Republican of Alabama.
White House Details Potential Effects
If Automatic Budget Cuts Go Through
In a report,a look at
what sequestration
would entail.
end. If they do, it will bring a rela-
tively quick end to what had be-
come a chaotic situation for hun-
dreds of thousands of families
forced to find emergency child
care and to the largest crisis so
far in Rahm Emanuel’s first may-
oral term. Mr. Emanuel had
pressed for longer school days,
more control for principals in
picking teachers, and an expan-
sion of the city’s charter school
system. For teachers, the week on pick-
et lines — their first strike in a
quarter-century here — was a
show of force for a group that
said it felt under siege and disre-
spected, under threat of school
closings, packed class sizes, and
an evaluation system that judged
them by the test scores of their
students, 87 percent of whom
come from low-income families. A swift return of children to
classrooms here would also help
lift politically awkward imagery
for President Obama, who has
not taken sides in the showdown
between Mr. Emanuel, a close
ally, and unionized teachers, a
bloc that Democrats depend on in
election years.
Robert Bloch, the lawyer for
the teachers’ union, who had tak-
en part in negotiations, said that
both sides were still working out
the details but that union officials
were hopeful that they could
present a complete agreement to
the union’s House of Delegates —
which has nearly 800 members —
on Sunday. But he cautioned that
the decision to lift the strike did
not rest with the negotiators.
“It’s for the House of Delegates
to determine whether we will
suspend the strike so kids can go
back to school,” he said. “This has been one of the most
difficult labor contracts negotiat-
ed in decades,” he said when
asked why negotiations had tak-
en so long. If the delegates lift the strike
on Sunday, the union’s nearly
26,000 members could begin vot-
ing on whether to ratify the con-
tract as early as Monday. Much of the contract dispute
has focused on teacher evalua-
tions and job security, but few de-
tails of the deal were made public
— a striking change of tone from
previous days when those on
both sides had openly argued
over specific elements of their
The newfound resolve of all in-
volved to keep the details of the
agreement private seemed to be
an indication that both sides were
intent on finishing the plan and
putting an end to the dispute.
Even at a closed meeting of the
union’s House of Delegates on
Friday afternoon, union negotia-
tors did not share details of the
proposed agreement among
those assembled.
The agreement appeared likely
to maintain several provisions
Mr. Emanuel and school officials
had pressed for — a longer school
day, principals’ ability to hire
teachers and a teacher evalua-
tion system that would, at least in
part, include student test scores
as one consideration. But many
details were not known, including
a final agreement on raises for
teachers — one proposal had sug-
gested an average teacher get 16
percent over four years — and on
Despite a fiery, often conten-
tious back-and-forth here over
the last tense week, remarks
seemed sober and measured on
Friday. Mr. Emanuel, who canceled a
public appearance on Friday
morning as he kept tabs on the
negotiations, issued a written
statement that said, in part,“This
tentative framework is an honest
and principled compromise that
is about who we all work for: our
Karen Lewis, the often outspo-
ken president of the Chicago
Teachers Union, who had early in
the week described the sides as
far apart, seemed upbeat on Fri-
day. “It looks like something we can
figure out a way to work out, as
long as we have the language to
support it,” Ms. Lewis said. A
team of lawyers was expected to
work through the weekend,rac-
ing to draft language of the deal
in time to secure a vote from un-
ion leaders before Monday.
Even though teachers and un-
ion leaders did not get to see the
outline of the proposed deal,
many said they had renewed
hope that they could soon be
back in their classrooms with stu-
dents. Still, some said they were wait-
ing for the details before they al-
lowed themselves to grow too in-
vested in the notion. And despite
the outlines of a deal, the union
said it still intended to go forward
on Saturday with a rally — “Wis-
consin-style” it said, alluding to
the protests over collective bar-
gaining rights in 2011 — that was
expected to draw the largest
crowds since the strike began, in-
cluding labor members and
teachers from other states. “We’re not going to rush it,”
said Sara Echevarria, who works
at the union as a coordinator for
grievances. “We’re not desper-
ate.” She added, “We are very excit-
ed, but it has to be the right deal
to bring us back.” For families across Chicago —
even those who had vehemently
supported the striking teachers,
joining the line of pickets near ev-
ery school or honking as they
drove past clusters of teachers all
in red — the thought that school
may reopen on Monday came as
a huge relief. Many described a week of cha-
os behind them: missed days of
work, a patchwork of pleading for
baby-sitting favors, and children
who seemed to be confused about
suddenly be missing what was to
be for many of them the second
week of a new school year.
“All I can say is that it has been
a horrific week — a nightmare of
a week,” said Karen Miles, who
had tried to find ways to juggle
her two first graders while also
attending numerous meetings
she had scheduled for her job.
She had to cancel three meetings.
She took her daughters to her fa-
ther’s house on one day, and for
several other days to one of more
than 100 schools that were being
staffed on an emergency basis by
nonunion workers. “As a parent, I’m ecstatic that
they’re going back — if they real-
ly are,” said Ms. Miles, a former
teacher, who said she could see
both sides of the debate, but was
most focused now on her own
children. One week, she said,
would likely be quickly forgotten,
but much longer might have left a
lasting effect on her daughters’
year. “I feel like they were com-
pletely used as pawns in this.”
Karen Lewis, right, the president of the teachers’ union, after a news conference on Friday.
Tentative Deal Reached, Teachers May End Strike
From Page A1
Colleges in Three States Report Bomb Threats
Three college campuses in North Dakota, Ohio and Texas were evacu-
ated on Friday after receiving bomb threats. The false alarms forced
students and staff members to flee in the middle of classes at the Uni-
versity of Texas, Austin; North Dakota State University, Fargo; and Hi-
ram College in northeast Ohio. In Austin, Rhonda Weldon, a spokes-
woman, said a man called claiming “to have placed bombs all over cam-
pus” that would detonate in 90 minutes, and officials decided to order
the university’s 51,000 students and 24,000 staff and faculty members to
evacuate “out of an abundance of caution.” Classes were canceled for
the day. At North Dakota State, which has 14,000 students, officials or-
dered an evacuation after receiving a bomb threat, but the campus was
reopened by 1 p.m., officials said. At Hiram, with 1,300 students, crews
with bomb-sniffing dogs checked all of the buildings. It was not clear
who made the threats or whether they were connected, officials said. MANNY FERNANDEZ
U.S. Says Fast Pace Continues on Reprieves
More than 82,000 illegal immigrants have applied for a two-year re-
prieve from deportation in the first 30 working days of an Obama ad-
ministration program, and 29 have been approved, Department of
Homeland Security officials said Friday. More than 63,000 applicants
have been scheduled to give fingerprints for a criminal background
check, the second step in the process, the officials said. About 1,600 im-
migrants have passed the criminal checks and are expected to move
quickly to the final step, in which an officer at Citizenship and Immigra-
tion Services will decide whether to grant the deferrals. Officials said
they released new figures to give a broader public view of what they de-
scribed as the fast pace of the program. JULIA PRESTON SOUTH
Georgia: In Suing State, A.C.L.U. Defends Klan
The American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit against Georgia on
Thursday for denying the Ku Klux Klan’s application to participate in
an “adopt a highway” program. The lawsuit says the state violated the
freedom of speech of a chapter of the Klan in Union County, near the
North Carolina border. State transportation officials in June denied the
chapter’s application to clean trash along a stretch of Route 515 in the
Appalachian Mountains, saying the program was for only “civic-
minded organizations in good standing.” Debbie Seagraves, the execu-
tive director of the A.C.L.U. Foundation of Georgia, said: “There will al-
ways be speech and groups conveying hateful messages that are dis-
tasteful to some. That is why the First Amendment protects free speech
for all.” The State Transportation Department said it had expected the
lawsuit and stood by its decision to deny the application. ROBBIE BROWN
Moroccan Sentenced in Plot to Bomb Capitol
A federal judge on Friday sentenced a Moroccan man to 30 years in
prison after he was caught by the F.B.I. in a sting operation planning to
detonate a bomb at the Capitol, prosecutors said. The man, Amine El
Khalifi, 29, an illegal immigrant who lived in Alexandria, Va., pleaded
guilty in June to attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction. He
faced a maximum sentence of life in prison, but prosecutors agreed to
25 to 30 years as part of a plea deal. (REUTERS)
National Briefing A18
ceiving a summons, she was told. But Commander Goetzee was
still deeply agitated, so Ms. Gau-
thier decided to take him to an-
other hospital. She stopped by
her sister’s house on the way, and
there a fleet of unmarked cars de-
scended. Federal agents jumped
out, she said, guns drawn.
“They made him get on the
ground and they handcuffed him,
and they loaded him in the car,”
Ms. Gauthier said. A judge had is-
sued a warrant, she was told, on
charges of assaulting a federal of-
ficer. “From that point forward,” Ms.
Nagle said, “I had no idea where
he was.”
The next six days remain a
mystery that Commander Goet-
zee’s friends and relatives are
still trying to piece together from
hospital and jail records. Ms.
Gauthier saw him only once, at a
brief court hearing that she was
told to leave because she was up-
setting him. His court-appointed
lawyer told Ms. Gauthier that
even he was unable to contact
him or ascertain from officials ex-
actly where he was being held. A
Coast Guard chaplain tried re-
peatedly to visit him at the jail
but was turned away. A hazy timeline can be con-
structed from the records, some
of them so poorly kept that they
list Commander Goetzee under a
wrong name and even the wrong
race. He spent a night among the
jail’s general population, and
then two nights at a New Orleans
hospital, where a psychiatrist de-
scribed him as “acutely psychotic
with anxiety stemming from
paranoia.” By that Friday night,
despite this diagnosis, he was re-
turned to the jail and put on “sui-
cide watch” in a bare cell without
air-conditioning on the 10th floor
of the House of Detention, a facili-
ty that the sheriff has since
closed down. Records suggest that an anti-
anxiety medicine prescribed at
the hospital was never adminis-
tered at the jail. “States he has
things he hears in his head that
may convince him to harm him-
self,” reads a note on the after-
noon of Aug. 7 written by a nurse
practitioner at the jail. There are
a number of forms taking note of
Commander Goetzee’s condition
every few hours, though most
lack details, raising doubts as to
how closely he was actually be-
ing observed. That evening, a man who at
some point had been put in the
same cell called out for help.
Commander Goetzee had man-
aged to stuff his mouth with toilet
paper and choked to death, a
method of suicide the family first
learned about when it was broad-
cast on the news. The guard who
was supposed to be watching
over him had spent nearly four
hours away from his post, later
admitting he had submitted false
observation reports. Ms. Nagle and her brother
have sued the Orleans Parish
sheriff, as well as a number of jail
employees. Ms. Gauthier ques-
tions why federal officials put
Commander Goetzee in that jail
at all, nearly two years after the
Justice Department issued a re-
port showing its shortcomings,
singling out its inadequate men-
tal health care. A spokeswoman for the United
States Marshals service, which
conducted an investigation into
the death, declined to comment.
The Sheriff’s Department would
not comment on the particulars
given the litigation, other than
saying it had a “zero-tolerance
policy regarding deputies engag-
ing in illegal conduct or other ac-
tivities unbecoming of an officer.”
On Sept. 7, Commander Goet-
zee’s family and friends gathered
here for the sentencing of the
guard, who pleaded guilty in
June to malfeasance, the one per-
son known to have been held re-
sponsible. The guard was sen-
tenced to five years’ probation on
a suspended sentence. The family stood outside the
courtroom, shocked by the sen-
tence. A woman approached and
put her hand on Ms. Nagle’s
shoulder. She had lost her broth-
er in the jail, too, she said, years
ago. And she left before Ms.
Nagle had a chance to get her full
A Suicide in a Troubled Jail Mirrors a City’s Ordeals
From Page A16
2005, John and Linda Parsons de-
cided to downsize. They were
each about 50 years old, with two
sons nearing college age. The
time seemed right
to leave their
house on Bain-
bridge Island,
near Seattle. They
would sacrifice
square footage for a lower mort-
Browsing the Web, they read
about Bartimaeus, a development
nearby across Port Orchard Bay.
Its literature promised a living
style known as “cohousing”: pri-
vate residences, but with com-
mon green areas and a common
house, with space for group cook-
ing and dinners, and with deci-
sions made by consensus. Initial-
ly, the development was planned
for Christians, who would live to-
gether and support one another
in faith.
The Parsonses are Christians
with a quirky streak. When they
lived in upstate New York,they
worshiped at a charismatic
church founded by “Jesus Peo-
ple,” the countercultural move-
ment born in the late 1960s. After
moving to Washington, they
shopped around, spiritually, from
a Quaker meeting to a Presbyteri-
an congregation to various
churches in people’s living rooms.
“For a greater part of our lives
together, we have been searching
for genuine spiritual connection
— which is a lot easier with indi-
viduals than with groups,” Mr.
Parsons said.
So he and his wife met several
times with Bartimaeus’s founding
visionaries, about five couples
who had conceived the communi-
ty in 2002. In December 2006, the
Parsonses moved into their town
house, one of the community’s 25
homes, hoping to find people who
identified as Christians but toler-
ated many versions of Christian-
But their optimism soon faded.
In 2009, they moved back to Bain-
bridge Island, and now their ex-
perience offers a testament to the
double difficulties of Christian
cohousing: how hard it is for
Christians to live together, how
hard it is for cohousing to suc-
ceed. With the arguable exception
of Bartimaeus, out of 110 cohous-
ing communities in the country,
according to the Joani Blank of
the Cohousing Association of the
United States, “none of them is
religious.” Interviews with Mr. and Ms.
Parsons and eight current or for-
mer residents, as well as a review
of a fair-housing complaint filed
by the Parsonses and recently
dismissed, clarify but also compli-
cate the community’s history. On
seven acres, bounded by a salm-
on-spawning creek, it has proved
to be the place where some peo-
ple will happily live out their
years. A much smaller group
abandoned the community in de-
spair. Bartimaeus — named for a
blind man cured by Jesus in the
New Testament — was formed in
2002 as a limited liability corpora-
tion. An early flier described a
community whose members
would be “biblically orthodox”
and would live in a permanent
setting where “the Holy Spirit can
bring people.”
But when almost nobody re-
sponded to the vision, “I said
‘Look, we have a choice: keep the
standard as it is, and not build our
community, or drop our standard
and build our community,” said
Nancy Conrad, an early member.
“I was surprised they all said,
‘Let’s drop our standard.’”
Not everyone had to be an Or-
thodox Christian, but everyone
had to respect Christianity. There
would be no religious discrimina-
tion in housing sales to meet fair
housing law. The condominium
association was formally consti-
tuted under the name Meadow
Wood, and Bartimaeus, as devel-
oper of the housing site, would be-
come the name of a voluntary
community that happened to re-
side and meet there. Meadow
Wood homeowners could choose
whether to participate in Barti-
maeus activities. But Mr. and Ms. Parsons came
to believe that this new, less reli-
gious vision was a pretext to get
people to buy condominiums.
“Things changed as soon as we
moved in,” according to their fair-
housing complaint. “Founding
members established a religious
structure for community life, in-
cluding daily prayer hours, a spir-
itual discussion group, Greek
classes, nightly prayer group, and
monthly Taizé services.” (Taizé is
a style of musical worship.) While
attendance was never required,
Mr. and Ms. Parsons say that res-
idents were pressured to attend
Bartimaeus events and scorned if
they refused and that the commu-
nity “imposed their religious be-
liefs and practices.” Throughout 2007, Mr. and Ms.
Parsons say, there were other in-
stances of a religiously hostile en-
vironment. There was a public de-
nunciation, they say, of a member
believed to be sinful. Some resi-
dents protested that regardless of
the legal questions, they were un-
comfortable with conservative
Christian language on the Web
site, for instance the assertion
that “the family, celibate single-
ness, and faithful heterosexual
marriage are God’s ideal.” Some
members complained, too, that
such language depressed their
property values by driving away
potential buyers.
According to minutes of a
Meadow Wood homeowners’
meeting from 2009, Guy Coe,
among the founding members,
defended that language, which
has since disappeared. “Actually,
it is my theological conviction
that heterosexual marriage is
God’s ideal,” Mr. Coe said, accord-
ing to a transcript of the meeting.
“If that scares someone off, I
can’t do anything about that.”
Giving a tour of Meadow Wood
in mid-August, Mr. Coe and an-
other founder, Joel Adamson,
were gracious hosts, proud to
show off the fire pit where resi-
dents gather for frequent sing-
alongs, and the small treehouse
that can be reached only by a
rope bridge. A teenager lazed on
a porch, listening to Whitney
Houston’s music. It seemed like
an edenic place to grow up.
And they made only the scanti-
est mention of any history of dis-
putation. “There’s no mention of
Bartimaeus on the Meadow Wood
Web site,” Mr. Coe said. “The peo-
ple worried about the fair-hous-
ing issue, they want it that way.
For those of us who don’t think
it’s an issue, we think it’s a disclo-
sure issue — people should
Jim Jewett, now 66, said he also
left Meadow Wood dissatisfied.
He moved from Nashville to
Meadow Wood in 2007 because he
wanted to be around more chil-
dren in his old age. Four years lat-
er, he said,he had what he called
“a psychotic break,” brought on
by the pressure of living there.
“Unfortunately, I believed them
when they said all the activities
were optional,” Mr. Jewett said.
“They aren’t. You’re shunned if
you don’t participate in things.”
He mentioned the Tuesday night
group dinners, which Bartimaeus
members open with a prayer. On the other hand, Kay Wilson
Fisk, another member, said,
“There are prayer meetings in
the common house most eve-
nings, and some people go to
them, most people don’t.”
Although Ms. Conrad and her
husband were among the commu-
nity’s founders, they no longer
consider themselves Bartimaeus
members. Since 2002, they have
moved from evangelical Christi-
anity to the Russian Orthodox
Church. But she still prays with
other women from the condomini-
ums weekly, she said. “Now we are unified,” Ms. Con-
rad exclaimed on the telephone.
“It’s a happy neighborhood. Our
house, in particular, is like living
on a ‘Seinfeld’ set — people com-
ing and entering.”
On Aug. 28, Mr. and Ms. Par-
sons received a letter from the
Department of Housing and Ur-
ban Development stating that, as
Christians, they have no standing
to file a discrimination claim
against the Bartimaeus Chris-
It is a striking oversimplifica-
tion, of course: whatever the mer-
its of their complaint it surely is
logically possible for one group of
Christians to oppress a very dif-
ferent group of Christians. In 2011, Mr. Adamson sent a
conciliatory e-mail to John Par-
sons. He hinted that perhaps Bar-
timaeus would have functioned
better as an explicitly religious
organization, like a church, which
would have granted members
more leeway in whom they chose
to live with, than as a condo mod-
“I apologize for my part in not
looking deeper into this issue six
years ago,” Mr. Adamson wrote.
The Meadow Wood condominium community in Washington State is home to Bartimaeus, a voluntary Christian-themed cohousing community.
Soul-Searching in a Christian Community Over Views on How to Live Joel Adamson, above, is a founder of Meadow Wood, where
families sometimes dine communally. Some find cohousing
perfect for spiritual connections while others find it restrictive.
OPPENHEIMER BELIEFS mark.e.oppenheimer@gmail
.com; twitter/markopp1 Secular Jewish Alternative!
Catholic Traditionalist
210 MAPLE AVE (off Post Ave)
TEL:(516) 333-6470
@9:30 a.m.
Autumn begins in the night.
Now the days, often as not, are still sum-
mery, if more bearably so. The midday sun
is not perceptibly lower in the sky. But the sun has, somehow, gotten faster.
And with night settling in at dinner time
and burrowing deeper, it is in the hours of
darkness that summer literally runs out of
In the cocoon of the home, in the unac-
customed silence lately filled by the air-
conditioner, the air flowing in feels, smells,
tastes different — not just because it is
cooler, but also because it is different air,
hailing from a different part of the planet.
Sultry summer nights are made of stifling-
ly hot air from Southwestern deserts sim-
mered with emanations from the Gulf of
Mexico into a thick gumbo. But now the jet
stream, the ever-flowing border zone be-
tween hot and cold air masses, is making
its tentative, give-and-take pilgrimage
southward, and on cool nights, the air is
fresh from the pine forests of Canada. That feeling you feel, said Mark
Wysocki, the state climatologist in the New
York State Climate Office, “is the jet
stream trying to go home for the winter.”
No one ever seems quite prepared for
the change. In the evening, on the boule-
vards, sartorial confusion reigns. On Sunday night, with the temperature
falling through the 60s, you could watch
the season turn before your eyes: a young
woman walking up Fifth Avenue pulled a
long-sleeved striped sweater over her
white tank top. Along Central Park, couples
wearing T-shirts rode by in horse-drawn
carriages with red blankets draped over
their laps.
In Chelsea, a retired matzo baker and his
Summer wear may not suffice by mid-September. Mister Softee vendors also find demand fades at sunset. “We don’t ride at night now,” the owner of a depot says. Under Cover of Darkness, A New Season Slips In
Continued on Page A20
A Taste of Fall The e-mail arrived two weeks ago.
“I am a Nanny/Babysitter,” it read,
“looking for a live out position starting
ASAP.” It was from a woman named Flavia
Wasescha. She was respond-
ing to an ad on Craigslist
posted by Venus Clemons,
who was looking for a baby
sitter for her 18-month-old
son, Jamie. Ms. Clemons replied with
an e-mail that practically sighed with
relief. Yes, the position was still open.
She was away, she wrote: Her mother
had died two weeks earlier, in England,
and she was there with Jamie for a little
while longer before returning to New
York and her engineer husband, Artis.
They were originally from California.
She apologized in advance for a long
list of questions that she wanted Ms.
Wasescha to answer. “A child is not
what you leave in the care of just any-
one,” she wrote. Do you smoke? Do you drink? Do you
like pets? Do you know CPR? There
were 24 questions in all.
Ms. Wasescha replied, expressing
condolences on Ms. Clemons’s loss and
introducing herself as a 26-year-old im-
migrant from Switzerland. She had
lived and worked in the New York City
suburb Hastings-on-Hudson since 2009,
and had recently married her boyfriend. She did not smoke, drank occasional-
ly, was eager and willing to learn CPR
and spoke two dialects of German as
well as English, and with a few refresh-
er lessons, “I think I could have a con-
versation in French as well,” she wrote. The back and forth continued. Ms.
Clemons thanked the nanny for her
time in filling out the questionnaire and
promised a quick decision, as her hus-
band was leaving for China on business
very soon and wanted this sorted out.
She gave her cellphone number for text-
ing and attached a family portrait, all
wide smiles outside a stucco house in
California, and two photos of the little
boy. In one, he wore a cute costume in
the backyard, with claws and horns and
three googly eyeballs. The nanny wrote, “You have a cute
little monster:).” She attached a picture
of herself hugging a giant M&M. The decision came the following day.
“Congratulations to you,” Ms. Clemons
wrote. “You have the position as you
seem nice and very sincere.” The nanny
could start as soon as Ms. Clemons and
Jamie returned from England. “We all
look forward to having you join our fam-
ily,” she wrote. Her husband’s assistant
would mail a check for the first week’s
pay to Ms. Wasescha’s home. The nanny replied, “I will not disap-
point you!” She said she did not have a
bank account but would open one soon. Ms. Clemons sent her flight itinerary
from KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. She
and Jamie would be home the following
Wednesday, Sept. 5. Ms. Wasescha sug-
gested that they meet the next day, and
Ms. Clemons agreed. The scam was going perfectly. Ms. Clemons wrote the day before the
flight. Had the check arrived? There
has been a mistake, she said. Her hus-
band’s assistant, named Kuan, had sent
the week’s pay of $900, as agreed, but
had also mistakenly added Ms. Clem-
ons’s airfare, for a total of $2,980. Ms. Wasescha confirmed that yes, the
check had arrived, in the unexpectedly
large sum. “What can we do?” she
asked. “How can I send you that
money?” Keep your $900 and send me the rest,
Ms. Clemons suggested. Wait, Ms. Wasescha said. I never de-
posited this check. Tell Kuan to send
you the money himself. And by the way,
don’t you have a credit card? “Wow,” Ms. Clemons replied. “You
sound really cold.” Ms. Wasescha never heard another
word from Venus Clemons. She was
stunned, she said later. All those ques-
tions, the photos, all the e-mails. The
dead mother, the cute boy — somebody
else’s kid. I went with Ms. Wasescha as she took
the check to a bank in Manhattan and
asked a manager if it was fake. The
manager ran it through a machine and
pointed a special light at the paper, and
said yes, it was a fake, a photocopy of a
real check. Ms. Wasescha said she had reported
the case to the F.B.I. The routine is
known as the “nanny scam,” its perpe-
trators preying on young women who
quickly deposit the too-big check at an
A.T.M., where some money might be
immediately available, before the fraud
is detected days later. Some of these
nannies, eager to help the new employ-
er, wire money to the fake mother. Ef-
forts to reach the person using the
name Venus Clemons were unsuccess-
ful. Ms. Wasescha has since answered
another ad for nanny work. She was re-
lieved when the mother suggested she
visit the family’s apartment for a face-
to-face interview. The Willing Nanny, the Happy Family: Too Good to Be True
After responding to Venus Clemons’s help-wanted ad on Craigslist, Flavia
Wasescha, a would-be nanny, received e-mails, a check and a family photo.
E-mail: Twitter: @mwilsonnyt By WENDY RUDERMAN and NATE SCHWEBER
The 73-year-old woman who was
raped in Central Park said Friday that
when she encountered a man mastur-
bating in the wooded Ramble area two
weeks ago, she not only took his pho-
tograph, but also reported what she saw
to a park ranger. “Some of the newspapers mentioned
that after I saw the guy masturbating, I
didn’t report it. I did. I reported it,” the
woman said in an interview outside her
apartment on the Upper West Side.
“There was a park ranger who came by,
and I stopped him immediately and
showed him the picture. And I said:
‘Look at this picture. This guy is in the
Ramble.’ And the ranger said, ‘Oh, O.K.,
I’ll look out for him.’” The rangers, who work for the New
York City parks department, are not
law-enforcement officers, but assist
park visitors in various ways. The rang-
er walked toward the Ramble, and the
woman believed she had done all she
was supposed to. “I felt that was enough,” she said. Vickie Karp, a spokeswoman for the
parks department, referred questions
about whether the victim approached a
ranger and what rangers’ responsibil-
ities in such situations are to the Police
Department. Paul J. Browne, the chief police
spokesman, did not return an e-mail
asking if the department was aware
that the woman, according to her, had
alerted a park ranger after she spotted
the man masturbating. Mr. Browne said
earlier this week that the situation had
not been reported to the police. The man whom the woman photo-
graphed is accused of raping and beat-
ing her in a brazen daylight attack near
Strawberry Fields, south and west of
the Ramble, on Wednesday. The assault
was preceded, the police said, by a
question from the attacker: “Do you re-
member me?” The suspect, David Albert Mitchell, a
42-year-old drifter with a history of vio-
lence against women, was charged with
rape. He was also accused of stealing
the woman’s camera and other photo
equipment. The woman said she always carried a
camera in her hand while in the park.
She has been an avid bird watcher for
years, drawn to the Ramble, as are so
many others, by the variety and quanti-
ty of birds found there.
But she also was not afraid to train
her camera on people she regarded to
be breaking park rules, often snapping
photographs of those who let their dogs
run off-leash, bicyclists riding on park
paths designated for pedestrians, and
children in rowboats without parental
supervision or life jackets, she said. “No photographer walks around with
a camera in a bag,” said the woman,
who is an unofficial guardian of the park
she cherishes. “It’s like a gun. You pick
it up and shoot.” She keeps a photography blog, which
primarily chronicles her bird sightings. But she sometimes uses her blog as a
kind of wall of shame. She posted a pho-
to of a man who let his dog run un-
leashed and wrote that throughout the
park there were signs saying that dogs
must be leashed at all times.She contin-
ued that the owner thought the rules did
not apply to him. The woman scoffed at a description of
her in an article this week in The New
York Times in which a park mainte-
nance worker said he thought he knew
her, describing her as “a nice old lady”
who always sits on a bench. She described herself instead as an
active person who is always on the
move in the park.
The woman saw an ophthalmologist
on Friday. She has a fractured eye sock-
et as well as a broken finger on her right
hand. Both of her eyes were bloodshot
and ringed with purplish and blue
bruises on Friday, and she wore large
sunglasses. She said she felt nauseated
by anti-H.I.V. medication that doctors
prescribed, a routine course of treat-
ment for rape victims. As for Mr. Mitchell, the man accused
of assaulting her, his life has long been
filled with violence, dating to when he
was a teenager growing up in southern
West Virginia. He has spent much of his
adult life in prison.
In 1989, he was charged with raping
and murdering an 87-year-old woman,
Annie Parks, in his hometown, Jenkin-
jones, W.Va., but was found not guilty.
Several months later, he was charged
with raping and robbing a 70-year-old
woman in a nearby town. He pleaded
guilty and served 10 years in prison. Mr. Mitchell was also described by in-
vestigators as a person of interest in the
murder of a woman in West Virginia in
2002, according to the West Virginia
State Police, but there was not enough
evidence to charge him. Mr. Mitchell was one of about a dozen
siblings, and his father was a coal min-
er, said Rebecca Lewis, 46, who grew up
near the Mitchells and whose sister
married one of Mr. Mitchell’s brothers.
When Mr. Mitchell was in Jenkinjones
during his short stints out of prison, Ms.
Lewis said, he lived on disability pay-
ments and would “tell everybody he got
a ‘crazy check.’”
Rape Victim, 73, Says She Reported Earlier Confrontation With the Suspect
A woman who is an
unofficial guardian of
Central Park, and a man
with a history of violence.
Emily S. Rueb contributed reporting. A20
This is the last in a series of arti-
cles that explored how people in
the New York City area spend
their summers after dark.
Summer Nights
Previous articles in
the series:
wife, a retired money-printing-
press inspector, left their apart-
ment after dinner to go for a
walk. She wore a short-sleeved
blouse with lacy décolletage, he a
short-sleeve button-down. They
immediately turned around, went
home and re-emerged, she in a
denim jacket, he in a windbreak-
er zipped to his throat. At 10 p.m.
they sat on a bench on the High
Line gazing down at the chilly-
looking couples at the sidewalk
tables in a restaurant called Sea.
Now they were too warm. “I
think we overdressed,” the for-
mer inspector, Genny Rabino-
vich, 65, said. Still, she said, the
river breeze behind her reminded
her of home: cool nights along
the Neva River in St. Petersburg,
Russia. On a bench in front of Borough
Hall in Downtown Brooklyn,
summer and fall sat intertwined.
Catherine Senior, a restaurant
server in a sleeveless black
stretch shirt, snuggled with a
friend, a woman with a green
hooded sweatshirt pulled up
around her face. “I feel like it’s summer still,”
Ms. Senior said. Her friend, who
would not give her name, begged
to differ. “It’s cold in the morning
and it’s cold in the night, so it’s
fall to me,” she said.
The natural world appears
caught between calendar and
mercury as well. Though most of the trees are
still full green, dry brown leaves
manage to accumulate in the gut-
ters. On the sidewalks, acorns
have been crunching underfoot
for weeks now. At first, they
seemed like just more summer
trash. Now they bring to mind
squirrels stocking the larder for
winter. That Canadian air, Mr.
Wysocki the climatologist said,
contains the faintest traces of ter-
penes — aromatic compounds
from the pines. But for our pur-
poses, its main constituent, he
said, was absence. “In New York City,” he said,
“it’s generally a lack of pollutants
that you sense. You won’t neces-
sarily feel like an air-freshener.
But you won’t be smelling all the
pollutants that you’ve been
Other absences pop up in the
night, some quite pleasant. The
mosquitoes have begun to re-
treat, the bites they do inflict
cooled by the air instead of in-
flamed by the heat. The need
some city drivers seem to feel to
blast music at full volume out
their car windows is abating.
Some nighttime absences are
more bittersweet, like the silence
of the bells. On the streets of
Brooklyn at 9:30 on a school
night, the tinkle of Mister Softee
is nowhere to be heard. The
trucks are all headed for the de-
pot, a vast lot off Linden Boule-
vard in East New York, Brooklyn,
or already tucked in for the night. Mister Softee is still doing a de-
cent trade during the day, parked
as close as he can to a school. But
when the sun goes down, the
owner of the depot, Hilary Guish-
ard, said, business goes dead.
And even if there were demand,
Mr. Guishard said, the white and
blue trucks have worn out their
“We don’t ride at night now,”
said Mr. Guishard, who has driv-
en an ice cream truck for 36
years. “We don’t want to annoy
the mothers. You don’t want peo-
ple making complaints.” If the energizing, giddy-mak-
ing jolt of an end-of-summer
evening is tempered in the young
by back-to-school, early-to-bed
and a loss of freedom, for the old-
er set it brings a taste of some-
thing more serious: the ebbing of
light and warmth, of course, ush-
ers in the season of darkness
with its hints of the ultimate
night. But for now, the season seems
hung in a precarious balance.
Sunday night along Central
Park South, a small family went
out for a stroll, embodying, as it
happened, the contradictions of
the season: mother in wind-
breaker and jeans with a scarf
around her neck, father in short
sleeves and shorts, 4-year-old
boy in T-shirt and long pants. They were visitors from Vene-
zuela, and they were at the end of
a weeklong visit. What do you
think of our weather, the mother,
Neyda Fernandez, 37, was asked. “It’s romantic,” she said in
Spanish, “but you feel a little bit
of melancholy.”
As Summer Wanes, a Cooler Season Is Slipping In Under the Cover of Darkness
Genny and Michael Rabinovich at the High Line last weekend. They were having second thoughts about their warmer attire. “I think we overdressed,” she said.
From Page A19
Shorter days, fresher
air and confusion
over what to wear.
A federal prosecutor said on
Friday that investigators were
continuing to interview donors to
the campaign of the New York
City comptroller, John C. Liu,
which suggests that the authori-
ties are trying to amass more evi-
dence to put pressure on the de-
fendants in the fund-raising case.
The prosecutor, Brian A. Ja-
cobs, said in Federal District
Court in Manhattan that his side
had “substantially narrowed” the
focus of the donors being inter-
viewed to about 100 people who
gave money on a number of dates
in 2011.
The government has charged
Mr. Liu’s former campaign treas-
urer, Jia Hou, and a former fund-
raiser, Xing Wu Pan, with con-
spiring to defraud New York City
by funneling campaign contribu-
tions to Mr. Liu through the use
of “straw donors” — people who
give to a candidate and are ille-
gally reimbursed for their contri-
butions by others.
Prosecutors previously indi-
cated that law enforcement
agents had identified about 40
straw donors.
“The investigation and inter-
views are ongoing,” Mr. Jacobs
told the judge, Richard J. Sulli-
van, who had been asked by de-
fense lawyers to order the gov-
ernment to provide them with do-
nors’ names. Judge Sullivan ordered that
the government provide the
names in December. Ms. Hou and
Mr. Pan face trial in February.
Ms. Hou’s lawyer, Gerald B. Lef-
court, said after the hearing that
he wanted the names to show
that his client, known as Jenny,
was not involved with any illegal
donations.“If anybody did any-
thing wrong,” Mr. Lefcourt said,
“she had nothing to do with it.”
Mr. Liu, a Democrat,has not
been charged with any wrongdo-
ing. His lawyer, Paul Shechtman,
could not be reached for com-
ment late on Friday. But on Mon-
day, in response to revelations
that the government had ob-
tained judicial approval to listen
to Mr. Liu’s phone conversations
for a year and a half, Mr. Shecht-
man said: “The government has
employed wiretaps and numer-
ous other investigative tech-
niques to try to make a case
against John Liu. Why remains a
mystery. I have seen nothing that
indicates John Liu did anything
One recent court filing includes
F.B.I. summaries of statements
Mr. Pan was said to have made to
agents in 2010 and 2011. The docu-
ments suggest that Mr. Liu held
Mr. Pan in high regard as a fund-
raiser, perhaps more so than has
been previously acknowledged. One document quotes Mr. Pan
as saying that in May 2010, Mr.
Liu’s fund-raising director in
Flushing, Queens, told him that
Mr. Liu had asked her to call him.
Mr. Pan thought the call was
strange, and asked her to come to
his office. The two of them called
Mr. Liu, who told Mr. Pan that
“he was short $20,000” and want-
ed Mr. Pan to help collect contri-
butions. Mr. Pan said he did help
Mr. Liu, and that “all the contri-
butions were legal,” the docu-
ment says.
In late 2010 or early 2011, Mr.
Pan had lunch in Chinatown with
a group of Liu supporters, includ-
ing one of his close aides, Mei-
Hua Ru, who asked Mr. Pan “to
work for Liu,” the document says.
Mr. Pan said he did not accept the
job, however.
Mr. Pan’s lawyers, Irwin Roch-
man and Gregory J. Ryan, said
Friday that their client had never
been offered employment by Mr.
Liu. Mr. Pan has said in a court
affidavit that he was “not a close
aide or adviser” to Mr. Liu, and
that he had been a volunteer and
“minor fund-raiser.”
Prosecutors Still Interviewing Campaign Donors in Liu Fund-Raising Inquiry
Searching for more
evidence,possibly to
pressure defendants.
The Bronx Zoo has an impres-
sive collection of venomous
snakes on display in its Reptile
House. But out of sight it also has
an impressive collection of anti-
venin to treat snakebites —
though none of the zoo’s snakes
have ever bitten an employee or
a visitor. The antivenin is stored at the
zoo because it is just a few miles
from Jacobi Medical Center,
which has one of the nation’s
leading snakebite-treatment cen-
ters,the only one in New York
City, and the two work hand-in-
hand to treat snakebite victims. “We need each other,” Dr. Mi-
chael Touger, the medical direc-
tor of Jacobi’s snakebite center
and associate director of emer-
gency medicine at the hospital,
Hospitals are not licensed to
stock most exotic-snake antiven-
in, which is considered somewhat
similar to experimental drugs,
said Don Boyer, the zoo’s curator
of reptiles. The zoo, which is run by the
Wildlife Conservation Society,
has a permit to hold the antiven-
in, and supplies it to Jacobi as
needed. That is not very often, Dr.
Touger said. Jacobi treats only a
few patients a year, most of them
in warm weather. They arrive by
ambulance and sometimes by
helicopter from around the New
York, New Jersey and Connecti-
cut region.
New York is not well known for
snakes — at least not the reptil-
ian kind — but people still man-
age to get bitten occasionally.
The bite of a venomous snake can
be fatal if the victim is not treated
quickly, because some kinds of
venom can stop the victim from
breathing and others can cause
internal bleeding. The Jacobi-Wildlife Conserva-
tion Society snakebite treatment
program “is quite special,” Dr.
Touger said, “with a very sub-
stantial body of clinical experi-
ence.” It has treated about 175 pa-
tients with antivenin since it was
established in the 1980s. About
half were bitten by snakes in the
wild, and the others by snakes ac-
quired by collectors, Dr. Touger
said. Without that treatment, he
said, some of those victims might
have died.
The standard treatment for a
bite from a poisonous snake is to
inject the victim with antivenin,
which is where the zoo comes in,
though the antivenin does not
come from Bronx Zoo snakes. But the zoo keeps on hand 14
kinds of antivenin, which it can
supply to Jacobi, or other institu-
tions, on short notice. Some anti-
venins can counteract the bites of
several kinds of snakes from spe-
cific regions, and the zoo’s sup-
plies provide “broad coverage for
venomous snake bites from spe-
cies around the world,” but not
against every snake in existence,
Mr. Boyer said.
An antivenin not available at
Jacobi could be in stock else-
where. Poison control centers
have access to an index of which
institutions in the United States
have which antivenins — a list
kept by a collaboration of the As-
sociation of Zoos and Aquariums
and the American Association of
Poison Control Centers, Mr.
Boyer said.
Sometimes, the zoo or the hos-
pital will send antivenin by heli-
copter to another hospital, but
Dr. Touger’s preference is to have
the helicopter bring the patient to
it, if possible, because “the out-
comes are better.” The antivenin
is injected at intervals of two to
four hours.
The most common culprit in re-
gional snakebite cases is a timber
rattlesnake or copperhead, both
of which are indigenous to New
York, Mr. Boyer said. In fact, Ja-
cobi is allowed to keep antivenin
for those two species on hand.
Victims may have been bitten
while rock-climbing, or farming
or during an outdoor activity at a
summer camp, Dr. Touger said. One patient treated at Jacobi
this summer was bitten by a tim-
ber rattlesnake in his suburban
garden in Montebello, N.Y., just
about 35 miles from Times
Square. He had a very low plate-
let count when he arrived, but
treatment saved him. Even then,
Dr. Touger said, it took a month
to get the platelets back to nor-
mal. New York State and New Jer-
sey require a permit to possess
venomous snakes, but many oth-
er states, including Pennsylva-
nia, do not. There are frequent
swap meets there where people
buy, sell and trade venomous rep-
tiles, Dr. Touger said, recalling
the case last year of a young man
who bought an Asian snake, an
albino monocled cobra, that was
supposedly treated so it would
not be venomous, but was. He
brought it to his home in north-
ern New Jersey. And it bit him. The snake lover was found by a
relative, gasping for breath, and
was soon sent to Jacobi. At one
point, he stopped breathing, “He
had multiorgan system involve-
ment and was near death,” Dr.
Touger said, but was saved and
now feels fine.
Another case did not have such
a happy ending. A woman in Put-
nam Valley, N.Y., had 57 venom-
ous snakes in cages. Last sum-
mer, she put her arm in a cage,
was bitten by a black mamba, a
snake native to parts of Africa,
and did not seek help, Dr. Touger
said. “The State Police called it
suicide by snakebite,” he said.
She died at her house. The collaboration between Ja-
cobi and the zoo began in 1980
and the program was first intend-
ed to treat staff members at the
zoo if the need ever arose.
That evolved into the current
program for treating other bite
victims, Dr. Touger said. Asked what a snakebite victim
should and should not do, he said
it was imperative to call 911 to get
medical help immediately. Since
most bites are on limbs, the af-
fected area should be kept at the
level of the victim’s heart, and
tightfitting clothing in the wound
area removed, until help arrives.
Neither the victim nor those with
him or her should try to suck out
the venom or cut out flesh around
the bite. Nor should tourniquets
or ice water or electric shocks be
applied, he added.
When he takes medical stu-
dents to the zoo’s reptile house,
“they love it,” he said, adding of
his bite-treatment work: “Of all
the different jobs that I do, this is
the most interesting and the most
News and
tion from the
five boroughs:
City Room
Zoo Keeps Invaluable Antidotes for Doctors Who Treat Snakebites
The timber rattlesnake is a
common culprit in regional
snakebites, said Don Boyer,
curator of reptiles at the Bronx
Zoo, shown with antivenin.
The prospect that Walmart, the
world’s largest retailer, would
open its first big-box store in
New York City suffered a setback
on Friday, with the company say-
ing it would not be a part of a new
mall being constructed in Brook-
“We were unable to agree upon
economic terms for a project in
East New York,” said Steven Res-
tivo, a company spokesman. “We
remain committed to bringing
new economic development and
shopping options to New York
City, especially in the neighbor-
hoods that need them most.”
The project, known as Gate-
way II, is being developed by Re-
lated Companies. Walmart and
Related had never confirmed that
Walmart was being considered
for the location, but local unions,
some members of the City Coun-
cil and community groups had
raised alarms at the idea of the
retailer’s gaining a foothold in the
“Walmart’s withdrawal from
Gateway II shows that when
New Yorkers join arms, even the
world’s richest retailer is no
match for them,” said Stephanie
Yazgi, a spokeswoman for Wal-
mart Free NYC.
A ShopRite supermarket is
now expected to anchor the site.
A company spokeswoman said
that it had “been pursuing this lo-
cation for some time and believe
that we will be able to confirm the
status of this potential site short-
ly.” ShopRite is unionized, and the
United Food and Commercial
Workers Union Local 1500, which
will represent ShopRite workers
at the new store, said it was
“thrilled” with the news. Chris-
tine C. Quinn, the Council speak-
er and a vocal opponent of the
prospect of a Walmart on the site,
released a statement praising the
decision to go with ShopRite, cit-
ing its “responsible business
But Walmart, in a statement,
made it clear that it was still in-
terested in opening a store in the
city: “Two things remain con-
stant: most New Yorkers want us
here, and we remain interested in
providing more convenient ac-
cess to Walmart for local resi-
dents.” Walmart Opts Out of City Mall After Facing Labor Opposition
Stephanie Clifford contributed re-
porting. Twitter on Friday turned over
to a judge a printed stack of mes-
sages written by an Occupy Wall
Street protester in October,
around the time he and hundreds
of others were arrested after
walking on the roadway of the
Brooklyn Bridge.
Manhattan prosecutors sub-
poenaed the records in January,
because the messages could
show that the police did not lead
protesters off the bridge’s pedes-
trian path and then arrest them,
an argument that the protester,
Malcolm Harris, of Brooklyn, is
expected to make at trial.
The judge, Matthew A. Sciarri-
no Jr., of Criminal Court in Man-
hattan, said he would keep the
messages sealed in an envelope
in his chambers until Sept. 21,
when a hearing is scheduled in a
challenge to his earlier ruling re-
quiring that the messages be
turned over to prosecutors.
If that challenge fails, Judge
Sciarrino said he would review
the messages and then turn over
the relevant material to prosecu-
Mr. Harris was one of about
700 protesters who were arrested
on the bridge. He was charged
with disorderly conduct, a vio-
lation. The case has broader signif-
icance for the effect it may have
on how much access law enforce-
ment has to material published
on social media Web sites. Judge
Sciarrino said that once the ma-
terial was broadcast, it was no
longer a private record.
Twitter objected to the demand
for messages that were no longer
on its public site and has ap-
pealed Judge Sciarrino’s ruling. Twitter Turns Over User’s Messages In Occupy Wall Street Protest Case
for Marriage, said, “I think it’s
the clearest example of the fact
that if you are a Republican and
you vote for gay marriage, this is
a career-ending move.”
Supporters of same-sex mar-
riage, who helped funnel hun-
dreds of thousands of dollars to
the Republican senators to help
them prepare for possible prima-
ry challengers, warned that the
tight races should not be con-
strued as a reflection of how all
voters, or even all Republicans,
felt about same-sex marriage.
“There are some of these real-
ly self-righteous people who have
infiltrated the Republican Party
and have ostracized good people
like Roy McDonald and Steve
Saland,” said Libby Post, a politi-
cal consultant and a founder of
the Empire State Pride Agenda,
the statewide gay rights group. Senator Michael N. Gianaris of
Queens, who is overseeing the
campaign efforts of the State
Senate Democrats, said New
York’s Republicans were “quick-
ly going the way of the national
“You’re seeing the extreme
wing of the party forcibly eject
moderates in primaries,” Mr. Gia-
naris said.
And the lieutenant governor,
Robert J. Duffy, a Democrat,
struck a note of sympathy for Mr.
Senator Stephen M. Saland, a
lawyer from Poughkeepsie, has
served in the New York State
Legislature for 32 years. In 2010,
he won re-election by 19 percent-
age points. And since then, he
has raised $788,000 for his cam-
paign war chest — more than 40
times what his challenger in the
Republican primary raised. Yet a day after the primary, Mr.
Saland clung to a 42-vote lead on
Friday over a little-known oppo-
nent, Neil A. Di Carlo, and faced
the prospect that he could lose
his seat after absentee ballots are
counted. Mr. Di Carlo waged a
shoestring campaign focused in
large part on one issue: Mr.
Saland’s decision to break with
his party last year to provide one
of the pivotal votes to legalize
same-sex marriage in the state.
As the absentee ballots contin-
ued to trickle in to county elec-
tion offices on Friday, Mr. Saland
remained unsure of his political
future. So did Senator Roy J. Mc-
Donald of the capital region, a
Republican who also voted for
same-sex marriage and who end-
ed primary night in a contest that
was too close to call against Kath-
leen A. Marchione, the Saratoga
County clerk. One other Republican who vot-
ed for same-sex marriage, Sena-
tor Mark J. Grisanti of Buffalo,
won his primary comfortably.
But opponents of same-sex
marriage, who warned more than
a year ago that the Republicans
who supported allowing gay men
and lesbians to wed would face
electoral consequences, pointed
to the tight races as proof they
were right.
“I think that sends a message
to legislators in other states
across the nation,” said Michael
R. Long, the chairman of the
state’s Conservative Party. “Look what could happen to
you if you jump on the bandwag-
on and try to vote and legislate to
destroy the meaning of what
marriage is.”
And Brian S. Brown, the presi-
dent of the National Organization
Saland and Mr. McDonald, whom
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo courted
when he was pressing for pas-
sage of the Marriage Equality
Act. Mr. Duffy told reporters on
Friday that “the sad thing about
politics today” was the extent to
which lawmakers who took
stands on a controversial issue
faced such severe criticism.
“Those that oppose it go out of
their way to drive them out of of-
fice,” Mr. Duffy said. “And so, in
essence, they’re creating an envi-
ronment where, quite frankly, the
courage level of some elected of-
ficials goes down dramatically.”
The strong showings by Mr.
Di Carlo and Ms. Marchione fol-
low several victories by con-
servative-leaning candidates in
statewide primaries, including
Carl P. Paladino, the Republican
Party’s nominee for governor in
2010, and Wendy E. Long, its
nominee for the United States
Senate this year.
Polls have shown that a major-
ity of New York voters favor
same-sex marriage. But a Quin-
nipiac University poll conducted
in May found that 60 percent of
Republican voters in New York
State opposed same-sex mar-
riage, compared with 32 percent
who supported it. Mr. Saland, who had never be-
fore faced a primary challenge,
said he had no second thoughts
about his vote for same-sex mar-
riage. “The bottom line is I have no
regrets, and I make no apolo-
gies,” Mr. Saland said in an in-
terview with the Albany bureau
of Gannett. He added that he anticipated
his primary “would certainly not
be a slam dunk,” saying, “We
knew that my opponent was cer-
tainly focusing on what was pri-
marily, if not entirely, a one-issue
campaign. We expected that
there would be some disappoint-
ed people within the ranks of my
party who would respond to
Mr. McDonald’s race was also
tight — he trailed Ms. Marchione
on Friday by 122 votes.
Mr. Saland and Mr. McDonald
are not likely to know their politi-
cal fates for at least a week. In
both races, the counting of absen-
tee ballots could not be complet-
ed quickly. By Friday afternoon, election
officials in Mr. Saland’s district
said they had received 625 absen-
tee ballots, and 993 ballots had
been received in Mr. McDonald’s
district. But several hundred ad-
ditional ballots had been mailed
out in each of the Senate districts,
and they are to be counted as
long as they were postmarked by
last Wednesday and arrive by
Thursday. The primary results also could
be contested for some time, and
still might not be the final word
for Mr. Saland and Mr. McDon-
ald. Both men have the backing of
the Independence Party, mean-
ing they will appear on the No-
vember ballot even if they lose in
their Republican primaries. Republican moderates
in peril after backing same-sex marriage.
State Senator Roy J. McDonald, center, was trailing Kathleen A. Marchione by 122 votes in the Republican primary on Thursday.
Votes Aren’t All Tallied, but Conclusions Are Drawn
Senator Stephen M. Saland, speaking on same-sex marriage in
June 2011. His vote may cost him re-election after 32 years.
Sept. 14, 2012
Midday New York Numbers
— 774; Lucky Sum— 18 Midday New York Win 4 —
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Lucky Sum — 20
New York Take 5 — 6, 17, 25,
26, 31
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53, 54, 55, 56, 60, 63, 66, 76
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26, 27, 35
Connecticut Classic Lotto — 2,
11, 24, 30, 34, 35
Sept. 13, 2012
New York Take 5 — 1, 9, 14, 21,
New York Sweet Million — 3,
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Connecticut Daily — 625
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Connecticut Cash 5 — 14, 16,
26, 29, 32
New England Lucky For Life
— 1, 14, 19, 25, 38; Lucky Ball
— 16 Lottery Numbers By WINNIE HU and MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM
In a state with a scant history
of electoral upsets, it was not in
any job description, but it might
as well have been: Once an in-
cumbent, always an incumbent. The results of Democratic pri-
maries on Thursday turned the
tide, though, on job guarantees
for those in Albany facing finan-
cial-wrongdoing inquiries. Two incumbents — Assembly-
woman Naomi Rivera of the
Bronx and State Senator Shirley
L. Huntley of Queens — lost after
being embroiled in scandals that
were tabloid fodder for weeks
leading up to the election. A third incumbent, Assembly-
man William F. Boyland Jr. of
Brooklyn, who is facing federal
bribery charges, won his race,
though with less support than
some expected for a son of a
prominent political family.
“People have had it with candi-
dates who are tainted and bring
dishonor to their community,”
said George Arzt, a political con-
sultant, adding that in recent
years, voters have set higher ex-
pectations for politicians. “I think
more and more voters are look-
ing for bright new faces who care
about them and not about them-
That was echoed by Vishnu
Mahadeo, a Queens business-
man, who said that he thought
Ms. Huntley had been in office
“much too long.” Ms. Huntley,
first elected to the Senate in 2006,
was charged last month with con-
spiring to help a niece and an
aide steal taxpayer money di-
rected to a nonprofit agency that
Ms. Huntley had founded. Ms.
Huntley and her co-defendants
have pleaded not guilty.
Mr. Mahadeo, who is president
of the Richmond Hill Economic
Development Council, contribut-
ed $4,000 to Ms. Huntley’s oppo-
nent, City Councilman James
Sanders Jr.Mr. Sanders won the
primary with 57 percent of the
vote; Ms. Huntley received 40
Basil Smikle, a political strat-
egist, said voters had less pa-
tience now for elected officials ac-
cused of misappropriating tax-
payer money because so many
voters were struggling to pay
their own bills in a tough econ-
omy. “They don’t want to see you
doing well on their backs,” Mr.
Smikle said.
In addition, others said, even
relatively minor transgressions
can loom large over elections
when they are magnified through
the lens of countless news media
outlets, Web sites and blogs.
“Scandals have never been
good,” said Jerry Skurnik, a polit-
ical consultant. “Now, with the
24-hour news cycle, it’s even
worse. You never want to be in-
volved in a scandal.”
Ms. Rivera is being investigat-
ed after The New York Post re-
ported that she may have mis-
used her position and taxpayer
funds to hire her current and for-
mer boyfriends.She has not been
charged with a crime, and she
could not be reached for com-
ment on Friday. Ms. Rivera was defeated in the
primary, 52 percent to 41 percent,
by Mark Gjonaj, a real estate
agent and community activist
who was a first-time political can-
didate. She has served in the As-
sembly since 2005 and comes
from a powerful Bronx political
family: she is a daughter of Jose
Rivera, an assemblyman and
Bronx political leader, and a sis-
ter of City Councilman Joel Ri-
Zef Balaj, a Bronx resident,
said that while the corruption al-
legations “didn’t help” Ms. Ri-
vera, he, like other voters, had
also grown dissatisfied with what
he saw as her lackluster record.
“She really did not deliver to the
constituents,” Mr. Balaj said.
Gjon Chota, a real estate bro-
ker in the area who knows Mr.
Gjonaj, concurred: “She hasn’t
done much, so somebody has to
step to the plate.”
In Brooklyn, however, voters
were willing to give Mr. Boyland
another chance even though he
was arrested last year on bribery
charges, less than three weeks af-
ter being acquitted in a different
bribery case. Mr. Boyland, who has pleaded
not guilty, held off six challengers
to win his race, with 37 percent of
the vote. Kenneth Sherrill, a political sci-
ence professor at Hunter College,
said that Mr. Boyland had the
name recognition and resources
to dilute the impact of the bribery
charges. “He won in spite of be-
ing under a cloud and very wet,”
he said. “He had an organization-
al advantage that no one else
could overcome.” Some political consultants also
pointed out that Mr. Boyland had
a reprieve because unlike Ms. Ri-
vera and Ms. Huntley, the in-
vestigation of him did not surface
right before he ran for re-elec-
tion. “If you have a scandal,” Mr.
Arzt said, “don’t let it be in your
election year.”
Legislators Tainted by Scandal Find Defeat at the Polls
The advantage of
incumbency seems to have its limits.
Responses to “A Terrifying Way to
Discipline Students,” a Sunday
Review essay criticizing the use of
physical restraints and seclusion rooms.
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS Mitt Romney has been rousing military-minded vot-
ers with warnings of giant defense cuts in January, but
he’s only telling half the story. An alarming White House
report issued Friday shows that the full impact of next
year’s ham-handed budget cuts would affect virtually ev-
ery government function, not just the Pentagon.
From the Secret Service to food inspection to air traf-
fic control, a broad range of programs would be cut by at
least 7.6 percent, whether they are essential or frivolous. A
few categories are exempt, including Medicare and Med-
icaid beneficiaries, Social Security, veterans affairs and
military personnel. Everything else would be run through
a Procrustean band saw, a mindless way to govern.
These cuts, known as the sequester, were the result of
the debt-limit crisis created by House Republicans last
year, when they threatened to throw the government into
default if the deficit were not reduced. President Obama
and the Democrats tried to respond with a balanced pack-
age of spending reductions and tax increases on the rich.
But when Republicans refused the deal, the two sides
agreed on a different incentive: $100 billion a year in indis-
criminate cuts to programs that each side holds dear.
So far, though, it hasn’t produced any serious negotia-
tion on the deficit. The House, as recently as Thursday,
has made several attempts to cancel only the defense se-
quester and double the size of the domestic cuts. That
won’t fly with the Senate or the White House.
The release of the sequester details, however, might
change the equation and transform the debate from ab-
stract politics into a concrete and eye-opening reality. An
across-the-board 9.4 percent slashing of the defense budg-
et will mean $6.9 billion from the operation and mainte-
nance of the Army, and $4.3 billion each from the Navy
and the Air Force. There are huge cuts to equipment, as
well as cuts to chemical and nuclear demilitarization.
The cuts to domestic spending, mostly at 8.2 percent,
are even broader. A few examples: $1 billion from special
education funds; $2.3 billion from low-income rental as-
sistance, likely affecting 277,000 households; $86 million
from food safety and inspection; $735 million from the
F.B.I.;and $136 million from the Secret Service.
With American embassies now under siege, $129 mil-
lion would be cut fromembassy security, construction and
maintenance. Medicare providers would be cut by 2 per-
cent, or $11 billion. And there would be cuts to Congres-
sional expenses (though the salaries of lawmakers would
not be touched).
There is still time before year’s end for Congress to
cancel this destructive sequester and negotiate a realistic
plan to balance spending cuts with tax increases on the
rich. One look at the details should persuade lawmakers
that the task is urgent.
Cutting Government,Blindfolded
The more details that are released about the budget sequester, the worse it looks
Amid the alarming violence in the Arab world, a new
report about the costs of a potential war with Iran got lost
this week. It says an attack by the United States could set
back Iran’s nuclear program four years at most,while a
more ambitious goal — ensuring Iran never reconstitutes
its nuclear program or ousting the regime — would in-
volve a multiyear conflict that could engulf the region.
The significance of the report by The Iran Project is
not just its sober analysis but the nearly three dozen re-
spected national security experts from both political par-
ties who signed it:including two former national security
advisers, Brent Scowcroft and Zbigniew Brzezinski; for-
mer Undersecretary of State Thomas Pickering;and the
retired Gen. Anthony Zinni.
Yet Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel is
trying to browbeat President Obama into a pre-emptive
strike. On Tuesday, he demanded that the United States
set a red line for military action and said those who refuse
“don’t have a moral right to place a red light before Is-
rael.” Later, Mr. Obama telephoned him and rejected the
appeal. On Friday, Mr. Netanyahu suggested in an inter-
view that Israel cannot entirely rely on the United States
to act against Iran’s program.
Leaders need flexibility and ambiguity, not just hard
and fast red lines. And it is dangerous for Mr. Netanyahu
to try to push the president into a corner publicly and
raise questions about Washington. Is that really the mes-
sage he wants to send to Tehran?
There is no reason to doubt President Obama’s oft-re-
peated commitment to keep Iran from having a nuclear
weapon. But 70 percent of Americans oppose a unilateral
strike on Iran, according to a new poll by the Chicago
Council on Global Affairs, and 59 percent said if Israel
bombs Iran and ignites a war, the United States should not
come to its ally’s defense.
Iran is advancing its nuclear program in defiance of
the United Nations Security Council. That’s a danger to Is-
rael, the region and all efforts to curb proliferation. But ad-
ministration officials and many other experts say Iran is
still a year or more away from producing an actual weap-
on,and,if it begins to build one, they will know in time to
take retaliatory action.
The best strategy is for Israel to work with the United
States and other major powers to tighten sanctions while
pursuing negotiations on a deal.It is a long shot, but there
is time to talk.And that’s where the focus must be.
No Rush to War Prime Minister Netanyahu errs in trying to browbeat President Obama into attacking Iran
Tens of thousands of people rallied on Sunday in Oki-
nawa to protest plans to deploy the MV-22 Osprey,the
trouble-plagued tilt-rotor aircraft, at the United States Ma-
rine Corps base in the city of Ginowan.The Marines want
to bring in 24 Ospreys to replace a fleet of Vietnam-era
helicopters, but Okinawans, turning out in one of the larg-
est anti-American protests in years, are bristling.
The Osprey has a terrible reputation as a prime ex-
ample of a hugely expensive, dubiously useful weapons
systems. Okinawans don’t care about the misspent
money.They worry that the plane is prone to crashing. To
many residents, who have borne the heavy burden of the
American military presence in Japan, deploying the Os-
prey on the island is rubbing salt into an old wound.
The first dozen Ospreys to reach Japan have been
grounded while the Japanese government reviews the
plane’s safety record. Marine officials insist that the Os-
prey’s notorious defects have been worked out and that it
is safe and reliable. But,in April,an Osprey crashed in
Morocco,killing two Marines. Another crashed in Florida
in June. Though officials blame pilot error for the acci-
dents, that has hardly eased local fears in densely crowd-
ed Okinawa, which has seen hundreds of crashes and
emergency landings of military jets and helicopters since
the 1950s, several of them fatal. The anger on Sunday was not just about two dozen
planes. It reflects frustration over islanders’ long-stymied
efforts to get the Marines entirely out of Okinawa. Japan
and the United States struck a deal in 2006 to close Futen-
ma, move several thousand Marines off the island and
shift others to a new base on Okinawa’s less-populated
northeast coast. But many Okinawans saw this agreement
as inadequate, and it went nowhere. A deal reached in
April to move 9,000 Marines has also been stalled. For too long, Okinawans have seen promises but no
movement. The United States has an obligation to tread
lightly in Okinawa and to listen to the concerns of the resi-
dents. It can start by putting the Ospreys someplace else.
Ospreys in Okinawa
Re “A Congress for the Many, or the
Few?” (Sunday Review, Sept. 9):
In our diverse, complicated country,
some people are unfairly neglected or
unaware of the services or rights that
are due them. People fall between the
cracks. Our ingenious representative
government is intended to deal with
that problem. Fred A. Bernstein writes that mem-
bers of Congress should stop providing
services to such constituents and stick to
his narrow conception of legislative
Being a representative means much
more than simply legislating in some ab-
stract sense removed from the people of,
by and for whom the government exists.
It means being the person who connects
each American with his or her govern-
ment. There are some who seem of-
fended that agents of the government
should want to help individuals; evi-
dently, it undermines their ideology that
government should not help, that gov-
ernment is the problem, as President
Ronald Reagan famously said. Of course, I am aware that for each
person I help there are others I have not
been able to help. Still, constituent serv-
ice is my way of showing people that
their government cares about them re-
gardless of their station in life and is my
way of beating back the cynicism about
our ability to govern ourselves.
Washington, Sept. 11, 2012
The writer, a Democrat, represents New
Jersey’s 12th District in the House.
We middle-class and working-class
citizens know all too well that Congress
operates for the benefit of the few who
make large campaign contributions and
finance PACs and lobbyists. Why else
would Fred A. Bernstein’s friend be
forced to request help from her legislator
after “scores of letters, hundreds of
phone calls” to her mortgage lender pro-
duced no response?
As long as powerful corporate forces
can pay to avoid responsibility for the ef-
fects of their activities on the economy
and consumers, soften proposed regula-
tory changes to prevent such effects in
the future, and delay meaningful execu-
tion and compliance with regulatory and
legal policies, we citizens will use our
only remaining tool, our votes, to push
the government to work for the many, al-
beit one case at a time. If such use of one citizen’s vote could
obtain a prompt, substantive reply to ev-
ery mortgage modification request, cer-
tainly use of it would be more efficient.
As it is, we can only hope that with every
single request, one case at a time, Con-
gress and powerful industry groups will
learn to consider the interests of all citi-
zen-consumers. ANNETTE F. FISCH
Ann Arbor, Mich., Sept. 9, 2012
Fred A. Bernstein paints a picture of
Congressional “casework” as undermin-
ing the purpose of the legislative branch.
In fact, it enables and humanizes it. When Congressional staff members
receive dozens of requests for help on
Social Security payments, veterans’
benefits or mortgage defaults, it alerts
them to the human effect on ordinary cit-
izens of existing policy deficiencies,
agency backlogs or economic shifts. Yes, they request that the responsible
agency remedy the matter if they can
within existing law. But they also begin
research, call for hearings and introduce
legislation to address the situation. Having worked with hundreds of Con-
gressional offices, we know that case-
work is equivalent to the central nervous
system’s sending pain signals to the
brain and demanding attention; it is the
primary way that Congress preserves a
degree of reality on the body politic it
Chairman Emeritus
Congressional Management Foundation Kensington, Md., Sept. 9, 2012
What Congress Owes the Constituents ADAM M
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On the Sunday before the Republican
convention, Senator Rand Paul ranted
against his least favorite government
bureaucracy: the Transportation Secu-
rity Administration. Addressing a
crowd at the University of South Flor-
ida, he mimicked the backscatter-ma-
chine stance (arms up in the air, legs
apart) and asked,“Is this the pose of a
free man?” Outside the Paul family, few Ameri-
cans subscribe to the idea that airport
security lies on the road to serfdom. But
Mr. Paul’s vendetta against the T.S.A.
has merit. Eleven years since its cre-
ation, there’s plenty of evidence that the
agency is less effective than it ought to
be. The House Subcommittee on Trans-
portation Security released a report on
Monday that called T.S.A.operations
“in many cases costly, counterintuitive,
and poorly executed.” It also criticized
the agency’s “reactive approach to se-
curity.” After Richard Reid boarded a
plane with explosives in his shoes, the
T.S.A.required passengers to remove
footwear at checkpoints. After British
police foiled a liquid explosives plot, the
T.S.A.banned liquids.And so on. Air-
port security is a game of catch-up.
Is it really necessary to prohibit
shampoo, or hand cream? Maybe not.
Kip Hawley, a former T.S.A.administra-
tor,argued recently in The Wall Street
Journal that the agency should elim-
inate the prohibited items list, with the
exception of obvious weapons. “The list
of banned items has created an ‘Easter-
egg hunt mentality’ at the T.S.A.,” he
wrote. “Worse, banning certain items
gives terrorists a complete list of what
not to use in their next attack. Lighters
are banned? The next attack will use an
electric trigger.”
While the T.S.A.insists on confiscat-
ing lighters, it’s oddly slow to enforce
protocols that actually make sense. Af-
ter the 9/11 attacks, Congress instructed
T.S.A.agents to vet foreign flight stu-
dents. They do,but there’s a hitch. The
Government Accountability Office said
in July that “this vetting does not occur
until after the foreign national has ob-
tained flight training.” Bureaucratic waste is a major prob-
lem. In 2006,the T.S.A.spent $29.6 mil-
lion on 207 “puffer” machines designed
to shake loose explosive particles —
which failed to work in humid airport
environments. The agency employs
roughly 62,000 people, including 47,000
screeners, at a cost of more than $3 bil-
lion a year in payroll, compensation and
benefits. Yet, the subcommittee report
said, “there does not appear to be a cor-
relation between T.S.A.’s staffing model
and the number of travelers that need to
be screened.” The agency’s work force
is larger now than it was in 2005 despite
a “net decrease in the number of people
traveling” domestically.
Since Republicans dominate the sub-
committee, it’s not surprising that many
of their proposed solutions involve pri-
vatization. The report advises the T.S.A.
to partner with the private sector for
passenger screening.
Whether airport security personnel
work for taxpayers or businesses seems
beside the point. Clearly, though, it’s
worth changing the T.S.A.’s approach.
Luckily,there’s a security byword that
sounds almost as good to Republican
ears as privatization: Israel. Instead of
banning beauty products, the Israelis
focus on intelligence. Instead of asking
passengers to remove their shoes, they
interview them. The Israeli technique
isn’t cheap, but at least it’s logical.And
no plane leaving Ben-Gurion Interna-
tional Airport has ever been hijacked.
A version of this article was posted on
Taking Note, the editorial page editor’s
blog, at
So Many Screeners and So Little Shampoo, but Are Our Planes Safer?
The T.S.A. should stop
banning toiletries and
start asking questions. Taking Note
In “Our Diplomats Deserve Better,”
Prudence Bushnell, a former ambassa-
dor to Kenya and Guatemala (Op-Ed,
Sept. 14), gives a realistic appraisal of
the State Department’s security pos-
ture at embassies before, during and af-
ter an attack of terrorism. As a former regional security officer
in Cairo and Nairobi, I was challenged
to protect our staff, homes and facilities
in both capitals. Both were large tasks
as we were adapting to a changing
world. Unfortunately, embassy security is an
oxymoron; we send diplomats abroad
to interact with host countries in an
open and friendly manner. Then we
shutter them in fortresses and hustle
them around in armored convoys sur-
rounded by armed security personnel.
We cannot separate ourselves from our
hosts when we are trying to conduct for-
eign policy. The best assessment of our overseas
diplomatic security came from a former
United States ambassador who was
quoted in a Sept. 14 news article: “I
used to tell my security guys, ‘O.K., we
built a 16-foot wall, but there is such a
thing as a 17-foot ladder.’ ” Only so much
can been done.
While I am confident that we have
provided and will continue to provide
high up-to-date levels of security for our
diplomats and their families abroad,
American diplomats cannot do their
jobs separated from the governments
and peoples with whom they need to as-
sociate. Host governments need to pro-
tect our diplomats just as we do here.
We have just lost brave American citi-
zens representing us abroad. We must
honor them now and do everything pos-
sible to protect those overseas while
giving them access to the people and
countries where they serve.
Southport, N.C., Sept. 14, 2012
A Delicate Balance of Diplomacy and Security
By Rebecca Harrington
FTER 125 Harvard students were
accused of cheating last
month on the final exam of a
course titled “Introduction to
Congress,” there was predict-
able hand-wringing over the declining
moral standards of the academic elite. “A
college education has become a trans-
action: a means of earning a degree for
your résumé, rather than a place to ex-
plore the life of the mind,” The Boston
Globe bleakly proclaimed. The Associat-
ed Press asked whether Harvard should
finally institute an honor code, a system
that many peer institutions have had in
place for years but that Harvard has long
resisted. Cheating along the Charles, however,
is nothing new. Periodic scandals have
exposed dishonesty that would
have made the institution’s Puri-
tan and Congregationalist fore-
bears weep. And it appears that,
after decades of debate, Harvard
students are still unsure of what,
exactly, “cheating” means.
Take, for example, a humor-
ous piece titled “Song of the Crib-
ber,” published in The Harvard
Crimson in 1881. The song, a par-
ody of a ditty from the Gilbert
and Sullivan operetta “H.M.S.
Pinafore,” went as follows:
When I was a Freshman,
young and meek
I served a term in the building
bleak; I always used a pony, and told
big fibs,
And examination found me
with a new set of cribs. I worked my cribs so
That now I am a tutor in the
old shantee.
The song went on to describe a
sophomore year of unrivaled
moral transgressions. The poem then
abruptly ended — though the cribber did,
presumably, have two more years of
school. In the 19th century, much of the debate
about cheating at Harvard seemed to
have focused on the lack of a clear idea
of how to police it. Students were upset
by the implementation of examination
proctors, whose presence they felt sug-
gested an institutional distrust in stu-
dents. An 1895 editorial in The Crimson
arguing in favor of proctors described
something called the “cheat-if-you-can
system.” Apparently, students were so
angry that proctors were in the room
while they were taking their exams that
they started to cheat in defiance of them.
As the editorial went on, “It is not the
only function of a proctor to restrain the
confirmed cheater. The presence of an in-
structor in the examination room serves
also as a protection to the honorable man
who does not wish to be disturbed by oth-
ers less earnest than himself.”
As late as the 1930s, Harvard students
still seemed to be troubled by the pres-
ence of proctors.As one Ivan Rosenthal
wrote to The Crimson, “The room is pa-
40 percent of students at large colleges
admitted to frequent cheating with “no
sense of wrong-doing.” (“The chinks in
the moral armor of American students
are most obvious,” said the report.) In 1974, The Crimson’s editorial board
wagged its finger after students “were
callow enough in their pursuit of grades
to take advantage” of a physics course’s
“innovative, low-pressure structure” to
get answers to a test in advance. In 1994,
a Crimson journalist wondered whether
“the absence of an honor code or a clear
set of rules regarding cheating at Har-
vard has left undergraduate students
wondering about what does and what
doesn’t constitute cheating.” This bewilderment among the best and
the brightest endures. One student in-
volved in the recent scandal — which uni-
versity officials have called the most
widespread episode of academic dishon-
esty in Harvard’s history — seemed gen-
uinely confused about what was
wrong: “I was just someone
who shared notes, and now I’m
implicated in this,” the student
told The New York Times.
Is the confusion over the na-
ture of cheating a natural conse-
quence of moral delinquency, or
does it reveal a persistent pat-
tern of unofficial tolerance and
undergraduate ambiguity in re-
gard to cheating? Does the Har-
vard administration see cheat-
ing as a fundamental moral fail-
ing, or as an infraction, like un-
derage drinking? Is Harvard
clear enough about what
“cheating” means?
Perhaps the best answer can
be found in the writings of the
Harvard philosopher William
James, who, in 1888, much con-
cerned with cheating, invoked
the idea of establishing little
honor clubs, kind of like fra-
ternities to keep people honest.
The proposition, he recalled,
was rather scornfully shut
down. He turned to The Crimson in
his discomfort, saying: “The im-
pression this episode gave me of
the debilitated tone of social re-
sponsibility here was startling. By
social responsibility I mean the will-
ingness to act for the social ideal, no
matter how much obstructive individuals
have to suffer ... why it should be so
lacking here I do not know.”
Song of the Cheaters
Rebecca Harrington, who graduated
from Harvard in 2008, is the author of
the novel “Penelope.” The debate over
academic dishonesty at
Harvard is nothing new.
trolled by monitors whose
occupation, when not hand-
ing out note books, is to
glare suspiciously; and this
they do for three hours.” But
Mr. Rosenthal decided that the
more troublesome result of the
proctors’ presence was that it created
ambiguity around cheating. Was it wrong
to cheat — or merely wrong to have been
caught? “As it is when the student does-
n’t cheat he merely gets credit for obedi-
ence and fear of the monitor,” Mr. Rosen-
thal continued, “if he does cheat he is
punished for imposing on the confidence
of his instructor.”
Over the decades, Harvard students
came to resent proctors less, but they ev-
idently became more and more confused
about cheating. In 1957, The Crimson re-
ported on a study that found that at least
Anniversary No. 1: Exactly four years
ago, Lehman Brothers filed for bank-
ruptcy protection. In the days and
weeks that followed, we saw the un-
folding of the dramatic — and ultimate-
ly successful — effort by the federal
government to rescue the banking sys-
tem. But,once the dust settled, we be-
gan to see something else: like the stock
market crash of 1929, Lehman wasn’t an
isolated event. Rather, it was a signal
that deep problems had enveloped our
economy — problems that wouldn’t be
solved quickly or easily. That is why the
Lehman bankruptcy still resonates. It
was the moment everything changed.
Prior to Lehman, it was easy to be-
lieve that housing prices could only go
up and that we could always rely on
debt to maintain our standard of living.
We shrugged as manufacturing jobs
disappeared — 5.8 million just since
2000 — and good middle-class jobs be-
came harder to find. We didn’t talk
much about income inequality. Nor did
we care much that Wall Street had de-
veloped a mercenary trading culture,
which had little to do with providing
capital for companies, ostensibly its rea-
son for being.
Post-Lehman, economic reality set in.
First came the Great Recession, fol-
lowed by a recovery so weak that unem-
ployment remains at around 8 percent.
The huge debt overhang is a yoke hold-
ing back economic growth. Millions of
homes have been foreclosed on. The
Federal Reserve has continually opened
its monetary spigots to boost the econ-
omy — as it did again this week — but
the problems are simply too big to be
fixed by monetary policy alone. That’s
the world we live in now.
Inevitably, this sense of never-ending
economic struggle has led to a great
deal of anger. On the right, that anger
found its voice in the Tea Party. Its core
belief is that government is the enemy,
and that a more hardhearted approach
— slashing government spending and
forcing people to fend for themselves —
is the best way to get back on track.
However misguided, its conviction can-
not be doubted. On the left, that anger led, a year ago,
to the rise of the Occupy Wall Street
movement. Thus, Anniversary No. 2:
Sept. 17, 2011,was the date Occupy Wall
Street took over Zuccotti Park in Lower
Manhattan, which soon led to similar
actions in cities across the country. The
movement’s primary issue was income
inequality — “We are the 99 percent,”
they used to chant. Reporters swarmed
into the park, interviewing Occupy pro-
testers and speculating on whether Oc-
cupy had the potential to be a lasting
force. “Can Occupy Wall Street Become
the Liberal Tea Party?” asked The
American Prospect magazine.
A year later, we know the answer: It
can’t, and it isn’t. For all intents and
purposes, the Occupy movement is
dead, even as the Tea Party lives on.
But why?
One reason, it seems to me, is that the
Occupy protesters were purposely —
even proudly — rudderless, eschewing
leadership in favor of broad, and thus
vague, consensus. It’s hard to get any-
thing done without leaders. A second is
that while they had plenty of griev-
ances, aimed mainly at the “oppres-
sive” power of corporations, the Occupy
protesters never got beyond their own
slogans. But the main reason is that, ulti-
mately, Occupy Wall Street simply
would not engage with the larger world.
Believing that both politicians and cor-
porations were corrupt, it declined to
dirty its hands by talking to anyone in
power. The takeover of the park —espe-
cially as the police threatened to force
the protesters out — became an end in
itself rather than the means to some-
thing larger. Occupy was an insular
movement, whose members spoke
mainly to each other.
The Tea Party did just the opposite.
It,too,believed that politicians were ve-
nal, but rather than turning away from
politics, its adherents worked to elect
politicians who believed in the same
things they did. Yes, the Tea Party had
wealthy benefactors, but their money
would not have succeeded without enor-
mous grass-roots support. Two years
ago, 87 new Tea Party-elected candi-
dates showed up in Washington. Much
as you or I may not like it, they have
largely succeeded throwing sand in the
wheels of government. That was their
Timothy Noah, the author of “The
Great Divergence,” a fine book about in-
come inequality, says that Occupy Wall
Street did succeed in “massively raising
the issue’s profile,” as he put it to me in
an e-mail. There is more discussion now
about income inequality, he added, than
during the entire quarter-century the
income gap was widening.
That is nothing to sneeze at, I sup-
pose, but raising the issue is the easy
part. The hard part is doing something
about it. Without political engagement
by those who want to reverse income in-
equality, it will continue to widen.
Occupy Wall Street gave us a memo-
rable slogan — “the 99 percent.” But
you know what they say. Talk is
Lehman Brothers fell
and Occupy Wall Street
rose. Where are we now?
Welcome back, college students! Al-
ways nice to see you.
Although we are sort of worried by
those bleak stories about student debt,
which suggest a lot of you may graduate
owing a ton of money and unqualified to
do anything more remunerative than
selling socks.
This year,Newsweek cheerfully wel-
comed the Class of 2016 by asking, “Is
College a Lousy Investment?” And in
The Times, Andrew Martin reported that
the Department of Education is paying
more than $1.4 billion per annum to folks
whose job it is to collect on $76 billion in
defaulted student loans. “If you wait long
enough, you catch people when their
guard’s down,” one debt collector told
Martin after garnishing the savings of a
disabled carpenter.
Look on the bright side, students. Per-
haps when you graduate, some of you
will be able to qualify for a good job in
the booming accounts receivable man-
agement industry.
Higher education is still the key to
most good jobs, but the nation is starting
to ask some questions about the way we
finance it. Shouldn’t there be more of a
match between the cost of school and the
potential earning power of the gradu-
ates? Who speaks for the art history ma-
jors? And why is tuition so high, any-
way? (Parents, if your kid is planning to
take out student loans,you might want
to avoid any college where the dorm
rooms are nicer than your house.)
“People don’t believe much any more
about the altruistic motives of colleges
and universities,” sadly noted Pat Callan
of the Higher Education Policy Institute. Not without some reason. In his re-
porting, Martin uncovered a newsletter
aimed at college admissions officers that
advised them to avoid using “bad
words” such as “cost” or “pay” in their
admissions materials. Instead, it sug-
gested: “And you get all this for …” In Washington, Congress is holding
hearings! The Senate Health, Education,
Labor and Pensions Committee is con-
sidering a bill — co-sponsored by Demo-
crat Al Franken and Republican Charles
Grassley — that would require all
schools to fill out the same form telling
the student loan applicants useful facts
like exactly how much per month they’ll
be forking over when they start paying. That would be the superminimum,
right? How amazed are you that this
isn’t happening already?
“Some of the packages don’t delineate
what’s a grant, what’s a scholarship,
what’s a loan,” said Franken. “And the
information all comes in an award letter,
so you’re thinking: Award!”
The Obama administration, which
can’t do much about this without Con-
gress, has been working to get the
schools to voluntarily adopt a “shopping
sheet” that would provide clear basic in-
formation so students could compare dif-
ferent schools’ financing before making
a choice. “We’ve been encouraged by the
feedback from the higher-ed sector,” one
of the experts working on the program
said. “I think we have 100 individual col-
leges and universities.”
The good news is that controlling col-
lege costs really does seem to be an ad-
ministration priority. The bad news is
that there are more than 4,000 colleges
and universities.
People, don’t you think young adults
should get the clearest, most easy-to-
compare information conceivable before
they sign a huge, life-changing loan
deal? Don’t you think there should be
somebody in charge of calling them up
once a week and yelling: “Eight hundred
dollars a month until you’re 51 years
old!” Maybe I’m underestimating the abil-
ity of teenagers to make serious, well-
thought-out decisions about their higher
education. All I can tell you is that when
I was 21 years old, I signed up to go to
graduate school at the University of
Massachusetts because I had always
wanted to live in Boston. I had no idea
the main campus was on the other side
of the state until I got there. Franken is hoping the Senate might
take up his proposal next year. I pre-
sume you weren’t expecting anything
sooner. Congress can’t even get it to-
gether to keep the Postal Service from
defaulting. And the Senate leaders ad-
mitted the other day that they’re not go-
ing to be able to pass a bipartisan bill to
legalize Internet gambling on poker,
which seems to be a really high priority
for some important people. If they can’t
do poker, they are not going to get to stu-
dent loan transparency. The House is planning hearings on
student loans, too. The chairwoman of
the subcommittee assigned to this task is
Representative Virginia Foxx, a North
Carolina Republican who once said that
she worked her own way through college
and had “little tolerance” for people who
complain about their huge student loan
“New ideas to advocate for financial
aid transparency are always welcome in
this discussion,” Foxx said in an e-mail
on Friday. “But we have to question
whether the federal government’s dictat-
ing the terms of every college and uni-
versity’s financial aid communications
will actually achieve the desired re-
So maybe a little less sense of urgency
GAIL COLLINS The Lows Of Higher Ed
Oh,to be young and gifted and $100,000 in the hole.
Elections often turn on character mo-
ments and the slopes of lines.
They are about who a candidate re-
veals himself to be under pressure more
than who he says he is on stage. And
they are about the direction of change
when the time comes to vote for change
— or to forswear it in favor of continuity.
Taking that into account, at this mo-
ment, President Obama’s chances of be-
ing re-elected look stronger than they
have in months.The Romney campaign
seems to be coming off the tracks with
no clear vision for how to get back on.
Romney’s panicky, premature excori-
ation of the Obama administration over
violence in the Middle East — a response
that was factually flawed and widely
panned — only served to shake the frag-
ile faith of those who might be holding
their noses to support him. “Anybody but
Obama” used to be an effective rallying
cry. Lately,it’s been more like “anybody
but Mitt.” Remember: character moments.
It also doesn’t help that Romney
seems incapable of concealing his anxi-
ety. He too often looks like a boy who just
stepped on a nail and can’t remember
his last tetanus shot.
On a side note, it is a poetic twist of
fate that a Republican candidate’s crude
response to irrational violence resulting
from an anti-Muslim video could boost a
president who nearly a third of Repub-
licans irrationally claim is Muslim. Now to the polls.A New York Times/
CBS News poll released Friday found
that President Obama had a three-point
lead over Romney among likely voters
and an eight-point lead among regis-
tered voters. And NBC News/Wall Street Journal/
Marist polls released Thursday found
that the president had significant leads
in the critical swing states of Ohio, Flor-
ida and Virginia. Romney needs to win those states, es-
pecially given that his supporters are
giving up on Michigan and Pennsylva-
nia. Last week, The Associated Press re-
ported that “Mitt Romney’s allies have
pulled their advertising from Pennsylva-
nia and Michigan while redoubling ef-
forts in other battleground states.” And, as The Wall Street Journal point-
ed out about its polls, “Mr. Obama’s sup-
port as a candidate is at or near 50 per-
cent in all three states, suggesting that
Mr. Romney must peel off voters who
now support the president to win.” In
southern farm culture we would call that
a hard row to hoe. A CNN/ORC poll released Thursday
found that 68 percent of Americans ex-
pect the economy to be “very good” or
“somewhat good” a year from now, the
highest percentage saying so since 2002.
(It’s not clear how many people think it
would be better with a change in leader-
ship, but I’d say that growing economic
confidence benefits incumbents.)
According to a Gallup report released
Wednesday, 30 percent of Americans
said that they were satisfied with the
way things are going. That wouldn’t
seem to be something to crow about, but
last year that number was 11 percent. And a Gallup report released Thurs-
day found that Democrats were tied with
Republicans on the issue of who would
do a better job of protecting Americans
against international terrorism. This is a
change after Democrats had trailed Re-
publicans on this measure by as much as
13 points during Obama’s presidency.
That same poll found “the Democratic
Party leading the Republican Party, 51
percent to 42 percent, in Americans’ per-
ceptions of which of the two parties
would do the better job of keeping the
country prosperous. This is a switch
from recent years, as the Republican
Party was narrowly favored in 2010 and
2011 on this measure.” Remember: slopes of lines.
The most stubborn line for Obama is
the unemployment rate. It’s stuck above
8 percent, which is not good. But a flat
line is not nearly as deadly as one mov-
ing in the wrong direction. Whatever
voters think of the jobs picture — slowly
improving or hopelessly stagnant — it’s
already cooked into their calculations.
And Romney has veered so far from his
strategy of keeping the economy at the
center of the campaign that he’s losing
the only advantage he had.According to
the Times/CBS News poll, Obama has
now erased Romney’s edge on the econ-
The Christian Science Monitor asked
Friday: “Is Mitt Romney running out of
time?” It continued:“Should we just call
this thing for President Obama now?
We’re kidding, of course (hold your out-
raged comments, Romney supporters!).
But,as the old saying goes, there’s some
truth in every jest.”
Truly, there is. No one can predict the
result on Election Day — overconfidence
could devolve into complacency among
Democrats — but,at this point,it’s hard
to see a path to victory for Romney.
Charlie Cook, an independent political
analyst, wrote Thursday,under the
headline “Obama’s a Good Bet,” that
“Mitt Romney could still win, thanks to
the debates and outside events, but the
president has the advantage.”
CHARLES M. BLOW Advantage,Obama
Looking ahead for the next few years
which political party do you think will do a better job of keeping the countr
Which political party do you think
can do a better job of handling the problem you think is most important
The President’s Positives
Source: Gallup poll of 1,017 adults,
conducted Sept. 6-9.
Source: New York Times/CBS News poll
of 1,170 registered voters and
conducted Sept. 8-12.
Voter preference
Among LIKELY voters
Among REGISTERED voters
k T
Wasn’t the race supposed
to be a nail-biter?
An essay on Adnan Farhan Abdul
Latif, who died at Guantánamo Bay,
though he was never charged and had
been cleared for release three times.
S.& P. 500 1,465.77
Dow industrials 13,593.37
Nasdaq composite 3,183.95
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.87%
U 0.15
The euro $1.3118
U 0.0129
Laser Vision
Mark Fields, candidate for
chief at Ford, only has eyes
for the newFusion.
Providers’ limits on annuities are
angering policyholders. 5
President Obama’s job creation
record beats his predecessor’s. 3
Slovenia, the former
socialist country now
using the euro, may
need a bailout. 6
If there’s anywhere President
Obama should expect to get a
boost from the success of the gov-
ernment’s rescue of General Mo-
tors, it’s Wentzville, Mo., and
Lordstown, Ohio. In Wentzville, a city
of 30,000 people west
of St. Louis, produc-
tion of full-size vans
at the General Motors
plant had dwindled to
a single shift by 2009.
But last November,
nounced a $380 million expan-
sion, and broke ground in May on
a 500,000-square-foot plant where
it will manufacture its midsize
Colorado pickup. G.M.expects to
employ over 3,000 workers there
when the expansion is complete.
The automaker announced in
August that it would build the
next generation of its popular
Chevrolet Cruze compact in
Lordstown, a town of 4,000 people
southeast of Cleveland. G.M.said
it would spend $220 million to up-
grade the plant and pledged to at
least maintain the 4,500 jobs now
there. Vice President Joseph R.
Biden Jr. visited a local union hall
on Aug.31 to extol G.M.’s
Ohio and Missouri are tradi-
tionally important swing states.
But in St. Charles County, where
Wentzville is,it’s not Mr. Obama
but his Republican opponent,
Mitt Romney, who is predicted to
win by a large margin. In heavily
Democratic Lordstown, Mr. Oba-
ma is expected to prevail, but Mr.
Romney is likely to carry two
neighboring counties that also
benefit from G.M.’s success.
“That’s surprising,” John
Weaver,a political consultant and
former John McCain adviser,told
me this week. “I think especially
with swing voters, they look at
the auto industry and they see
that government did work for
them. It’s not just Wall Street
that got help. It worked in a prac-
tical way in an industry that’s im-
portant to their state.” (Mr.
Weaver isn’t working on the
Romney campaign.)
I spoke this week with resi-
dents of both towns, and no one
disputed that, from their perspec-
tive, the G.M.rescue has been a
“G.M.has been the catalyst for
everything,” Wentzville’s mayor,
Nick Guccione,told me. “They’ve
already hired about 700 people,
and they’re talking about bring-
ing in over a thousand new jobs.
And these are real jobs, with real
wages. G.M.has brought in 1,300
construction workers for the new
plant. We’re told that for every
job they bring in, that creates five
more jobs. It’s made Wentzville a
more vibrant community. People
can work, play, spend, shop.”
By many measures,Wentzville
is thriving. In the two decades be-
fore 2010, the city’s population
grew to 29,100,from 5,000,mak-
ing it Missouri’s fastest-growing Bailed Out
By Obama,
But Rooting
For Romney
SENSE Continued on Page 7
Skeptical voters in
towns buoyed by the
Federal and state authorities are in-
vestigating a handful of major American
banks for failing to monitor cash trans-
actions in and out of their branches, a
lapse that may have enabled drug dealers
and terrorists to launder tainted money,
according to officials who spoke on the
condition of anonymity. These officials say they are beginning
one of the most aggressive crackdowns
on money-laundering in decades, intend-
ed to send a signal to the nation’s biggest
The surge in investigations,compliance
experts say,is coming now because au-
thorities were previously inundated with
problems stemming from the 2008 finan-
cial turmoil. “These issues may have been
put on hold during the financial crisis,and
now regulators can go back to focus on
money-laundering and other compliance
problems,” said Alma M. Angotti, a di-
rector at Navigant, a consulting firm that
advises banks on complying with anti-
money-laundering rules. Until now,investigators have primarily edgeable about the matter. But the agen-
cy, which oversees the nation’s biggest
banks, has not yet completed its case.
JPMorgan is in the spotlight partly be-
cause federal authorities accused the
bank last year of transferring money in
violation of United States sanctions
against Cuba and Iran. In addition to the comptroller, prosecu-
tors from the Justice Department and the
Manhattan district attorney’s office are
investigating several financial institu-
tions in the United States, according to
law enforcement officials.
banks that weak compliance is unaccept-
able. Regulators, led by the Office of the
Comptroller of the Currency,are close to
taking action against JPMorgan Chase for
insufficient safeguards, the officials said.
The agency is also scrutinizing several
other Wall Street giants, including Bank
of America.
The comptroller’s office could issue a
cease-and-desist order to JPMorgan in
coming months, an action that would
force the bank to plug any gaps in over-
sight, according to several people knowl-
Money-Laundering Inquiry Said to Be Looking Into U.S. Banks
Continued on Page 4
Figuring out how to pay for col-
lege has quickly turned into one of
life’s most complicated financial de-
This is not because the decision
involves the largest num-
ber of dollars, although it is
getting there for many
families. Instead, it is be-
cause of a number of con-
founding factors. There is
the uncertainty about a
student’s future ability to pay back
student loan debt or whether spend-
ing twice as much for some schools
will lead to a future that is twice as
lucrative or happy. Then there is the
difficulty of having a teenager par-
ticipating in an enormous financial
decision without much experience
Here are answers to four of the
most important ones:
High Rates
While one type of federal student
loan is (possibly temporarily) avail-
able at a 3.4 percent interest rate,
others cost 6.8 percent,and loans for
parents and graduate students are
7.9 percent. (Private loans from
banks are often more costly.) Why
are they so high,given the low pre-
vailing rates elsewhere? “I tell Eu-
ropeans this, and they laugh and
shake their heads,” said one reader
in Copenhagen.As we learned this
year when a skirmish broke out in
Washington over whether certain to draw on. But perhaps the biggest problem
is that people don’t always know
where to find good information
about the choices and their conse-
quences. This was readily apparent
this week when, in the wake of our
continuing series of stories about
student loans, we took questions on
the topic on our Bucks blog.
We were able to answer many of
the questions fairly quickly, but oth-
ers were big enough and searching
enough that I decided to tackle them
here. They fall into two categories:
questions about why the rules on in-
terest rates and refinancing are the
way they are and how to avoid un-
pleasant financial surprises after
you have taken on all that debt.
Answering Questions on Student Loan Rates and the Murky Future
MONEY Continued on Page 5
In the latest federal action
against a major exchange, the
New York Stock Exchange set-
tled accusations on Friday that
its trading data gave select cli-
ents a split-second advantage
over retail investors.
The Securities and Exchange
Commission issued a civil en-
forcement action citing the Big
Board for “compliance failures”
that allowed certain customers to
receive stock data before the
broader public. The improper ac-
tions, which began in 2008, ran
afoul of safeguards set up to pro-
mote fairness in a system known
for favoring elite investors.
The S.E.C. forced the exchange
to adopt a battery of internal con-
trols and pay a $5 million penalty.
While the fine is a token sum for
the country’s biggest and most
prominent trading platform, it
represents the first penalty the
agency has levied against an ex-
“Improper early access to mar-
ket data, even measured in milli-
seconds, can in today’s markets
be a real and substantial advan-
tage that disproportionately dis-
advantages retail and long-term
investors,” Robert Khuzami,the
agency’s enforcement director,
said in a statement. “That is why
S.E.C. rules mandate that ex-
changes give the public fair ac-
cess to basic market data.”
In a statement, the Big Board
played down the significance of
the action. The S.E.C., the ex-
change noted, did not unearth in-
tentional wrongdoing or evidence
that the problems harmed indi-
vidual investors. Instead, the ex-
change blamed the lapses on
“technology issues,” which it said
had since been fixed.
“N.Y.S.E.Euronext is pleased
to have this matter resolved, and
believes that the settlement is in
the best interest of its share own-
ers, clients and employees,” Dun-
can L. Niederauer,the company’s
chief executive, said in the state-
ment. “We will continue to take
every responsible measure to en-
sure that our market operates
with the utmost fairness and
The action on Friday was part Continued on Page 6
The fine is the first
S.E.C. penalty against
a stock exchange.
New York Stock Exchange
trading data gave some clients
a split-second advantage.
Big Board
Settles Case
Over Early
Data Access
TORONTO — Nordstrom and Target
are about to open stores in Canada,
J.Crew and Tory Burch just did so, and
Ann Taylor and Kate Spade are scouting
locations. American retailers extending their
reach northward seems like the most ob-
vious of moves. But until recently, the
Canadian market was hard to crack for
many companies. The Canadian dollar
was weak, costs were higher,and with
limited real estate development, it was
difficult to find space.
“You can’t just say that we are close in
proximity or we both speak English,so it
should be the same,” said Blake Nord-
strom, president of the Seattle-based
Nordstrom chain. “We recognize there
are differences.That’s probably why
we’ve probably been slow in coming to
Canada.” Now,the door to Canada is opening
wider thanks to a stronger Canadian dol-
lar, a relatively robust economy and a
loosening of the commercial real estate
market, in part because of the downsiz-
ing of some longtime retailers like Sears
Canada. Nordstrom said this week that it
would open four stores in Canada in 2014,
three of them in former Sears Canada lo-
For American retailers, Canada’s al-
lure is basic: Sales per square foot at Ca-
nadian malls were almost 50 percent
higher in 2011 than sales per square foot
at American malls, according to Colliers
International Consulting, a real estate
research firm.
“Major Canadian markets are at his-
toric lows for vacancy rates, and have
been for four to five years now,” said
James Smerdon,director of retail con-
sulting at Colliers. “We have a much
more conservative development financ-
ing and development industry in Canada.
There’s not as many lenders for retail
and large-scale shopping center develop-
ment, so finding access to capital is trick-
Here in Toronto, the Yorkdale mall is
adding 145,000 square feet,in part to ac-
commodate American newcomers like
Kate Spade New York, Tesla Motors and
Ann Taylor. The high-end mall has been
a first stop for other American brands,
including J. Crew, Crate & Barrel and Ap-
Retailers Look North
Canada’s Economy Attracts U.S. Stores, but Challenges Abound
J.Crew, which recently opened a store in Toronto, is one of several American retailers entering the Canadian market.
Continued on Page 2
NEW DELHI — After years of intense
debate, India’s government agreed on Fri-
day to open the country’s retail sector to
global behemoths like Wal-Mart and Ikea,
pushing for a profound shift in India’s eco-
nomic and political direction.
India is still mostly a nation of small
shopkeepers and farmers, and its economy
is heavily controlled by the government, a
legacy from decades of socialist policies.
But a sharp slowdown in economic growth
and a sense of impending political collapse
prompted the government to finally act on
long-pending proposals to loosen market
restrictions in hopes of luring more foreign
investment and expertise. “The time for big-bang reforms has
come,” the prime minister,Manmohan
Singh,said, “and if we go down, we will go
down fighting.”
Mr. Singh is widely credited with helping
bring about India’s first great bout of eco-
nomic changes in 1991,when he was finance
minister and India’s economy was in a cri-
sis. But his reputation ebbed in recent
months as the government’s economic
agenda stalled and a growing chorus of crit-
ics described him as feckless,and worse.
A recent coal corruption scandal has also
tainted Mr. Singh and led the country’s
leading opposition, the Bharatiya Janata
Party,to shut down Parliament in recent
weeks with calls for his resignation.
“The cabinet has taken many decisions
today to bolster economic growth and make
India a more attractive destination for for-
eign investment,” Mr. Singh said in a state-
India Backs Foreign Investment in Retailing
Continued on Page 2
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Whistle-Blower 6. Fed Pledges Action Until Economy Shows Gains 7. Hiring Slows in U.S., Putting Pressure on Obama and Fed 8. Foxconn Said to Use Forced Student Labor to Make iPhones
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Competitive Edge 10. Mylan Invests in EpiPen as Child Allergies Increase And here are the most popular blog posts.
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Anthony Casalanguida,York-
dale’s general manager, said the
transition to Canada was not al-
ways easy for American compa-
nies. To help avoid problems, he
and some of his staff members
school the companies in the ways
of Canadian retail.
The first lesson is to set real-
istic expectations about location.
The most desirable retail space
is generally controlled by a hand-
ful of large property companies.
These are, in turn, mostly owned
by large pension or government
investment funds, which are not
interested in taking risks on un-
tested retailers. The company
that runs Yorkdale, for instance,
is owned by the Ontario Munici-
pal Employees Retirement Serv-
As a result, many of the new
American arrivals are moving
into existing spaces or expanding
through acquisitions.
Target acquired up to 220
leases formerly held by Zellers,a
discount store, for $1.8 billion in
2011,and has announced plans to
open at least 125 stores in 2013. It
is remodeling the sites at a cost of
$10 million a store, a spokeswom-
an,Lisa Gibson,said.Lowe’s, the
home improvement store, has
placed a hostile bid for Rona,a
Quebec-based chain, which
would greatly expand its Canadi-
an presence. Mr. Casalanguida also warns
American newcomers to watch
their pricing and to load up on in-
Costs tend to be higher in Can-
ada because it has a population of
about one-tenth that of the Unit-
ed States’s,spread over a larger
area. But Canadians are familiar
with many American retailers
and their prices,and they don’t
want to be gouged on their home
turf. Shortly after opening its York-
dale store last year, J. Crew found
itself apologizing to angry cus-
tomers for having raised prices in
Canada above those in the United
The upside of the cross-border
familiarity is pent-up demand.
American retailers risk botching
their Canadian debuts if they do
not bring a healthy inventory to
cover that demand.
Sears came to Canada in 1953
through a joint venture, and Cost-
co came in 1986, Home Depot in
1992 and Wal-Mart in 1994
through acquisitions. All have
learned another secret to the Ca-
nadian market: customization. Walmart Canada carries just 20
percent of the merchandise avail-
able in the retailer’s American
stores, with items like wine gums
and mini-pepperoni popular in
Canada, a spokeswoman,Susan
Schutta,said in an e-mail.Louise
Wendling,Costco’s country man-
ager for Canada, said that stores
here carried children’s snowsuits
beginning in July, and that items
like skiwear and snowshoes sold
well, along with ice augers for ice
Then there is the language is-
sue. All product packaging must
be in both French and English
throughout Canada, and large re-
tailers operating in Quebec are
required to conduct business in
French and to ensure that French
predominates on signs. Target and Nordstrom have
not given specifics regarding
prices and merchandise strat-
egies. Mr. Nordstrom said his
company would have to contend
with different distribution ar-
rangements for brands it now
carries, along with immigration
laws that will prevent it from fill-
ing its new stores with experi-
enced employees from the United
Ms. Gibson of Target said the
goal was to largely mimic Ameri-
can stores,with some small
changes. “We’ve heard loud and clear
from our guests that shop across
the border that they want the
true Target when it comes to Can-
ada,” she said.
Some Canadian retailers and
early American transplants are
preparing for a wave of new com-
Holt Renfrew,a high-end Cana-
dian department store, is dou-
bling its space at Yorkdale. Hud-
son’s Bay,Canada’s largest de-
partment store chain, is renovat-
ing many of its stores. Sears Can-
ada plans to refurbish its remain-
ing stores and change its mer-
chandise. At the lower end of the market,
Walmart Canada has added
many prices from $1 to $3 to em-
phasize its low-cost approach.
And Canadian Tire — which,de-
spite its name,sells a wide range
of home improvement merchan-
dise, sporting goods and house-
hold products —is also readjust-
ing its product lines and market-
ing campaigns.
Allan MacDonald,senior vice
president for marketing and
automotive at Canadian Tire,
said he welcomed the competi-
“It’s very interesting that since
several new competitors,includ-
ing Walmart,have entered into
Canadian Tire’s market since the
’80s,we’ve grown and become a
better company,” he said.
Consumers seemed interested
in the new arrivals. Amy Rath-
burn, carrying a bag from the Ca-
nadian sportswear retailer Lulu-
lemon Athletica while walking
through Yorkdale this week, said
she drove to Buffalo about four
times a year to shop at Target
and eagerly awaited its arrival in
Canada. Nordstrom, however,
drew a blank.
“I don’t even know what they
sell,” she said.
But the face of Judy Kates, an-
other Yorkdale shopper, lit up
when she heard the Nordstrom
news. “I really, really like that
store,” she said, adding that she
shopped at Nordstrom during a
recent trip to Arizona.
Canada’s Economy Attracts, but Challenges Abound
Staples is called Bureau en Gros in Quebec, where large retailers must do business in French.
Blake Nordstrom, right, president of the Nordstrom chain, said
adding locations in Canada was not as easy as it sounded.
From First Business Page
Ian Austen reported from Toronto
and Stephanie Clifford from New
dation. “These measures are
clearly positive and if not rolled
back bode well for all asset class-
es,” Rohini Malkani, an econo-
mist at Citibank India, wrote.
Mr. Singh is taking a big politi-
cal risk with the economic pro-
posals, which could end up break-
ing up his governing coalition.
Mamata Banerjee,the chief min-
ister of West Bengal and a crucial
partner in the coalition, has an-
nounced that she is opposed to al-
lowing major foreign retailers to
operate in India.
“We are totally against these
decisions,” Kunal Ghosh, a
spokesman for Ms. Banerjee,
said Friday. “We were not con-
sulted by the government.”
Asked whether Ms. Banerjee
would leave the coalition and ef-
fectively topple the government
as a result of Friday’s measures,
Mr. Ghosh refused to answer. “If
we withdraw support, the main
problem will not be solved,” he
The measures announced Fri-
day would also allow foreigners
ment. “I believe these steps will
strengthen our growth process
and generate employment in
these difficult times.”
But the plans will continue to
stir controversy,and it was not
clear whether the government’s
shaky coalition would hold to-
gether long enough to carry them
Balpir Punj, a spokesman for
the Bharatiya Janata Party, told a
TV news channel that the meas-
ures passed Friday by the gov-
erning United Progressive Alli-
ance were “a very cheap attempt
by the U.P.A. to divert attention
from the ‘coalgate’ scam.”
“We are totally opposed to it
and we are going to fight it tooth
and nail,” Mr. Punj said of the
economic measures, despite the
fact that his party had proposed
some of them itself when it was in
power a decade ago.
Chandrajit Banerjee,the direc-
tor general of the Confederation
of Indian Industry, welcomed Fri-
day’s policy changes as well as a
measure announced Thursday to
reduce government subsidies for
diesel fuel. He said the govern-
ment’s policy paralysis had led to
despondency among many busi-
ness leaders, but Friday’s an-
nouncement was “a tremendous
boost not only to the sectors in
question, but is a huge mood lift-
India’s retail sector is dominat-
ed by small shops, and its whole-
sale distribution networks are
disastrously inefficient. More
than a third of the fruit and vege-
tables grown in India rot or per-
ish between farms and stores, in-
creasing hunger and impoverish-
ing farmers. Anand Sharma,India’s com-
merce minister, said in a news
conference that foreign retailers
would bring vital investments in
such areas as refrigerated trucks
and modern sorting and process-
ing facilities. The measures re-
quire foreign retailers entering
the Indian market to put at least
half of their investments during
the first three years of operations
into processing and other back-
end facilities. In another compro-
mise aimed at deflecting domes-
tic opposition, only cities with
populations of at least one million
— there are 53, census records
show — will get the stores.
Given the continuing con-
straints the new policy places on
major retailers, it was still un-
clear how aggressively they
would seek to enter India. The
policy also allows state govern-
ments to block major retailers
from setting up operations, and
includes a requirement that re-
tailers buy 30 percent of their
supplies in India, which could
prove difficult for some.
Still, the plan was widely wel-
comed by most economists and
big-business executives, who
have been urging the govern-
ment to open the economy fur-
ther to competition and consoli-
to own up to 49 percent of the val-
ue of domestic airlines, a policy
that is considered a sop to King-
fisher Airlines, which has been
struggling financially. “Denial of access to foreign
capital could result in the col-
lapse of many of our domestic
airlines, creating a systemic risk
for financial institutions and a vi-
tal gap in the country’s infra-
structure,” a government state-
ment said.
Foreigners would be allowed to
own up to 49 percent of ex-
changes for trading electric pow-
er,and foreigners would be al-
lowed to own up to 74 percent of
broadcast services like TV chan-
nels under the new policies.
The government also an-
nounced that it would sell 10 per-
cent of its stake in Oil India, 12.5
percent of its stake in the alumi-
num maker Nalco, 9.59 percent of
its stake in Hindustan Copper
and 9.33 percent of the Metals
and Minerals Trading Corpora-
tion of India, a crucial source of
foreign exchange in India.
From First Business Page
A Best Price Modern Wholesale store, Wal-Mart’s current joint venture with an Indian partner.
India Backs Foreign Investment in Retailing Sector
Hari Kumar contributed report-
ing from New Delhi.
The National Transportation
Safety Board on Friday called for
frequent inspections on engines
in Boeing’s new 787 Dreamliner
planes after cracks were found in
an engine shaft on two jets and
possibly on a 747-8 cargo plane.
The engines are made by Gen-
eral Electric, which said it had al-
ready inspected most of the
planes. G.E. said it believed that
a new coating, which contained
less lead and was meant to be
easier on the environment, had
inadvertently trapped moisture
on the shafts and weakened
Rick Kennedy, a company
spokesman, said it would switch
back to an older, stronger protec-
tive coating on engines still being
He said that all five of the 787
Dreamliners that have the en-
gines and are in use by airlines
have been inspected. G.E. will
finish checking the cargo planes
by Tuesday.
The problems are potentially
significant because Boeing is
counting on the new aircraft
models to help it vault past Air-
bus this year to retake its old po-
sition as the world’s top commer-
cial plane manufacturer in sales
volume. G.E. is also in its own high-
stakes battle, with Rolls-Royce,
for engine sales for the Dream-
liner, a fuel-efficient jet that re-
corded more advance sales than
any plane in history. Boeing, based in Chicago, suf-
fered through years of delays and
cost overruns in creating the
planes, which are the first pas-
senger models to make substan-
tial use of carbon composites. It
delivered its first 787 in Septem-
ber 2011.
The concerns about the en-
gines began in July, when debris
fell from one of them on a new
Dreamliner during a preflight
test near the Boeing plant in
South Carolina.
The safety board said Friday
that a similar crack was found on
Aug. 31 in an engine installed on
another 787 that had not flown
yet. A larger engine on a 747-8
cargo plane that lost power on
Tuesday, and had to abort a take-
off in China, showed similar dam-
age as in the South Carolina inci-
dent, the safety board said. It said it had recommended
that the Federal Aviation Admin-
istration issue airworthiness di-
rectives to require ultrasound in-
spections of a fan shaft in the en-
gines, now and at frequent in-
Mr. Kennedy said the coating
was meant to keep moisture off
the threads of the shaft where a
retaining nut is installed. But on
the shafts that cracked, the new
coating sealed in moisture, which
weakened the steel when it came
under pressure.
He said G.E. had not decided
on any fixes beyond inspections
for the planes already in service.
Cracks Spur Board to Urge Check of Dreamliner Engines
G.E., which made the
engines, said it had
inspected most planes.
Tsunami of iPhone 5 Orders Causing Delays in Delivery
Did you forget to set the alarm on your iPhone to wake you up with a
gentle marimba ringtone at 3 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time Friday? If so,
your chances of getting the iPhone 5 early became a little dimmer. In
the wee hours of Friday, Apple started letting people order the iPhone 5
from its online store. It took only an hour for Apple’s site to change its
shipping estimates for the product to two weeks. By Friday evening, the
Apple store had changed the shipping estimate to two to three weeks.
People who managed to submit their orders early were told they would
receive their phones on Sept. 21, the day the iPhone 5 is officially avail-
able. The change in delivery times is a sign that Apple’s online store
burned through its initial inventory quickly, forcing customers who or-
dered later to wait. “Pre-orders for iPhone 5 have been incredible,” said
Natalie Kerris,an Apple spokeswoman. “We’ve been completely blown
away by the customer response.” Supplies at Apple’s wireless carrier
partners in the United States seemed to hold up a bit longer, but eventu-
ally they,too,began giving customers longer shipping estimates. NICK WINGFIELD
Zynga Files Countersuit Against Electronic Arts
Zynga is firing back at a rival game maker,Electronic Arts,in a legal
tussle that it says goes beyond who copied whose game. While saying
E.A.’s copyright infringement lawsuit filed last month has “no merit,”
Zynga on Friday filed a countersuit against E.A., claiming it violated
antitrust laws by trying to prevent its employees from defecting to Zyn-
ga. The countersuit “addresses actions by E.A.we believe to be anti-
competitive and unlawful business practices, including legal threats,”
said Reggie Davis,Zynga’s general counsel in a statement. John Rese-
burg,an E.A.spokesman, said Friday that the countersuit was “predict-
able subterfuge aimed at diverting attention from Zynga’s persistent
plagiarism of other artists and studios.”
Last month, E.A.sued Zynga, saying that its new game The Ville in-
fringed on EA’s game The Sims Social.
Canada’s Autoworkers and Automakers Far Apart
Just three days before a strike deadline, the Canadian Auto Workers
and the three Detroit automakers were far apart on major contract is-
sues, with the Chrysler Group’s chief executive telling workers to tem-
per their expectations and plant organizers preparing for a walkout.
Talks between the union and Fiat’s Chrysler Group, General Motors
and Ford Motor continued around the clock as time ticked down to the
union’s strike deadline of 11:59 p.m. E.D.T.on Monday. Ken Lewenza,
head of the Canadian autoworkers, said the companies had rejected the
union’s proposed concessions on wages for new hires, insisting on per-
manently lower wages for new employees.
The Detroit automakers and the United Automobile Workers in the
United States have used a two-tier wage scale for the last several years
to bring labor costs closer to those of foreign automakers. But the Cana-
dian workers are adamant that new workers eventually reach the same
pay as existing employees. Chrysler declined to comment on Mr.
Lewenza’s comments, and Ford and G.M.could not immediately be
reached on Friday evening. (AP)
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HE job numbers in re-
cent months have been
disappointing, encourag-
ing Republicans who
hope that the slow pace of recov-
ery will cause voters to reject
President Obama.
But buried in the numbers was
one accomplishment that serves
only to emphasize how poorly the
American economy has per-
formed since 2000. The pace of
creation of jobs in the private sec-
tor during the current adminis-
tration is now greater than the
pace in either of President
George W. Bush’s terms in office.
Not that such an accomplish-
ment is impressive. Since Presi-
dent Obama was inaugurated in
January 2009, private sector jobs
have risen at an annual rate of
one-tenth of 1 percent.Before the
last decade, there had not been
such a poor performance for any
entire presidential term since
1960. But private sector jobs fell
during President Bush’s first
term, and rose at an annual rate
of just 0.06 percent in his second
In January 2001, when Mr.
Bush took office, there were
111,631,000 private sector jobs in
the American economy. Nearly 12
years later — and after a gain of
4.6 million jobs since the number
hit bottom in early 2010 — there
are 231,000 fewer jobs.
That performance, bad as it is,
may look good to government
employees. The number of gov-
ernment jobs has declined faster,
and is still falling as squeezed
state and local governments con-
tinue to make budget cuts. Over
the last 12 months, private sector
jobs grew 1.8 percent. Govern-
ment payrolls fell 0.8 percent. The accompanying charts
show the performance of the job
market in all presidential admin-
istrations since 1957. In addition
to private sector jobs, the charts
break down the government pay-
rolls into three groups. In this ad-
ministration, federal government
jobs have risen at a slow pace,
while state and local government
jobs have fallen at rates not pre-
viously seen. The Labor Department began
releasing the number of jobs in
public education in 1955. This will
be the first administration since
then to show a decline in such
There are many factors beyond
the control of presidents that af-
fect employment trends, of
course. The bulge in public school
payrolls in the 1950s and 1960s re-
flected the need to educate baby
boomers. But the number of
school-age children in the United
States is still growing, even if the
number of teachers is not. Over all, jobs have risen at a
faster rate under Democrats than
Republicans, as former President
Bill Clinton emphasized at the
Democratic convention. Some of
that may be luck, reflecting eco-
nomic cycles. Mr. Clinton had the
good fortune to enter office when
the economy was weak, and to
leave just as a great boom was
ending. Another way to look at the job
trend is to see the changing pro-
portion of government jobs to to-
tal jobs. For most of the period af-
ter World War II, that proportion
rose, with the largest gain com-
ing during Dwight Eisenhower’s
second term.
The first administration to ac-
tually see it fall — that is, to see
private sector payrolls rise more
rapidly than public ones — was
Jimmy Carter’s, from 1977 to 1981.
The ratio continued to decline un-
der Ronald Reagan, but bounced
up a little under George H.W.
Bush. Then it fell under Mr. Clin-
ton but rose under George W.
Bush. It has fallen under Presi-
dent Obama.
As least based on job totals, the
big-government image of Demo-
crats was accurate during the
1960s, but not since. There have
been 11 administrations since
Lyndon B. Johnson left office in
1969. The share of government
jobs rose during five of the seven
Republican administrations, and
fell during each of the four Demo-
cratic ones.
The Job Score
Annual rate of change during
each presidential term
Government jobs have been most affected during the current economic cycle, and they continue to decline while private sector employment recovers at a moderate rate. The top chart shows the percentage of jobs held by public sector employees since 1957. In recent decades, that proportion has tended to fall under Democratic presidents and rise under Republican ones. The other charts show the annual rate of change in the number of jobs during four-year presidential terms, and through August during President Obama’s administration. While private sector employment is now a little higher than it was when Mr. Obama took office, overall government employment has declined at a rate not seen during any full presidential term since the reductions that followed the end of World War II. Average annual change in the
number of jobs, since 1957
Percentage of jobs held by public sector employees
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics via Haver Analytics
G.W. Bush
G.W. Bush
G.H.W. Bush
20 %
Under Democratic presidents
Under Republican presidents
2.00% % % %+
Note: Employment figures are annual rates of change for seasonally adjusted civilian nonfarm employment, and exclude
members of the armed forces. Figures for the Obama administration are through August 2012.
1957 ’61 ’65 ’69 ’73 ’77 ’81 ’85 ’89 ’93 ’97 ’01 ’05 ’09 ’12
Floyd Norris comments on fi-
nance and the economy at
Obama’s Jobs Number
Still Beats
LONDON — Fictitious trading
and brazen gambling by a single
individual could have brought
down the Swiss financial giant
UBS, a British prosecutor said on
Friday at the trial of a former
bank employee accused of caus-
ing a multibillion-dollar trading
That thesis is at the heart of
the case against Kweku M. Ado-
boli, a former UBS trader in Lon-
don who faces four counts of
fraud and false accounting in con-
nection with a $2.3 billion loss at
the Swiss bank. He has pleaded
not guilty to the charges.
In their opening statement,
prosecutors portrayed Mr. Ado-
boli as a freewheeling trader who
doctored documents, invented
profits and fabricated clients to
cover up his rogue activities. Sa-
sha Wass, the lead prosecutor,
told a jury that Mr. Adoboli was
motivated by greed and ego as he
looked to increase his salary and
status at the bank.
At one point, the former UBS
trader had $12 billion on the line,
according to prosecutors. Those
activities, they claimed, threat-
ened the bank’s health.
“The scale of Mr. Adoboli’s
gambling was so large and un-
checked, he could quite easily
have approached and even ex-
ceeded the limits of the bank’s re-
sources,” Ms. Wass said in the
Southwark Crown Court. “He
was a gamble or two away from
destroying Switzerland’s largest
bank for his own benefit.”
Prosecutors previewed their
case before a packed courtroom
in central London. During the
nearly five hours of opening
statements, Mr. Adoboli, in a
gray suit and purple tie, sat qui-
etly, surrounded by lawyers,
while several of his friends lis-
tened in the courtroom.
If convicted, Mr. Adoboli could
face up to 10 years in prison. The case has been a black eye
for UBS. After discovering the
trading loss, Oswald J. Grübel,
who had been hired to lead a
turnaround at the bank, stepped
down as chief executive. The co-
chiefs of global equities, the divi-
sion where the loss occurred, also
subsequently left UBS.
On Friday, prosecutors claimed
Mr. Adoboli took pains to evade
internal controls.According to
prosecutors, the former UBS
trader, who focused on a plain-
vanilla version of derivatives
trading, falsified trades valued
from $5 million to $20 million. Mr.
Adoboli even created separate
accounts, which he called his um-
brella,to hide the profits and
losses of his unauthorized activi-
ties. In 2009, the so-called um-
brella held $30 million, according
to the prosecution.
At first, the tactics paid off.The
former trader had earned a com-
bined $90 million profit for both
UBS and its clients by May 2011,
prosecutors said. Mr. Adoboli’s
salary rose tenfold, to £350,000
($569,000) from 2006 to 2010, ac-
cording to the prosecution.
Despite the early gains, Mr.
Adoboli’s trades started to go bad
in the summer of 2011 as the
world’s financial markets grap-
pled with the European debt cri-
By June, the former trader had
exceeded his trading limit by $1
billion after creating a series of
fictitious trades, the prosecution
said. His investments had risen
to $5 billion as of August, and Mr.
Adoboli posted a $1.8 billion loss
on the activity, which he also hid
through false accounting, Ms.
Wass contended.
The unauthorized trades left
the Swiss bank at risk. In an in-
ternal investigation, UBS found
that the reported risk of Mr. Ado-
boli’s activity totaled $1.5 million
by mid-September 2011, accord-
ing to prosecutors. In reality, the
financial risk stood at $8.1 billion.
“Mr. Adoboli had ceased to act
as a professional investment
banker and had begun to ap-
proach his work as a naked gam-
bler,” Ms. Wass said.
Last August, risk managers at
UBS began to ask questions
about his positions. William
Steward, an accountant at the
firm, challenged Mr. Adoboli sev-
eral times about discrepancies in
his trades, Ms. Wass said.
After the bank raised further
concerns, Mr. Adoboli walked out
of UBS last Sept. 14 and wrote an
e-mail to Mr. Steward that the
prosecution referred to as a
“bombshell e-mail.” In the note,
Mr. Adoboli said his recent trades
had not been hedged, leaving the
bank exposed to potential multi-
billion-dollar losses. Ms. Wass
said that in the e-mail, the former
UBS trader initially said he had
acted alone, though he later
claimed that some of his col-
leagues were aware of his ac-
“Although I had a couple of op-
portunities to unwind the long
trade for a negligible loss, I did
not move quickly enough,” Mr.
Adoboli wrote to UBS executives.
“I take full responsibility for my
After senior managers re-
ceived the e-mail, they demanded
Mr. Adoboli return to the London
office to explain his actions.
In a series of meetings that
lasted until the early morning of
last Sept. 15, UBS executives pep-
pered Mr. Adoboli with questions
about his trades. During the dis-
cussions, the former trader ad-
mitted that he had first falsified
records in 2008 after making a
$400,000 trading loss, according
to the prosecution. Mr. Adoboli
said that he had concealed the
losses in the hopes of recovering
the money through future trades.
“The bank cannot be faulted
for trusting him,” Ms. Wass said.
“They respected him, and he
abused their trust to cheat them
for his own eventual gain.”
Ex-UBS Trader Is Accused
Of Gambling in a Big Loss
DEARBORN, Mich. — If Mark
Fields is ruffled by speculation
that he is the favorite to become
the next chief executive of Ford
Motor, he isn’t showing it.
Mr. Fields was characteristi-
cally focused on Friday as he dis-
cussed another big product intro-
duction crucial to Ford’s future.
Mr. Fields said in an interview
that he would not be distracted
by a flurry of reports that Ford’s
board planned to name him chief
operating officer and solidify his
status as the top candidate to
succeed the chief executive, Alan
R. Mulally,when he retires.
“In my case, I’m just going to
do whatever I can to contribute
to the profitable growth of Ford,
and that means continuing to
lead the Americas,” said Mr.
Fields, who has been the head of
Ford’s North and South Ameri-
can operations the last seven
Ford’s board adjourned its
monthly meeting on Thursday
without deciding on a promotion
for Mr. Fields or the retirement
timetable of his boss, Mr. Mulally.
While the succession drama is
hardly over, Mr. Fields is deter-
mined to stay centered on his
current challenges like the intro-
duction this fall of the redesigned
Ford Fusion midsize sedan.
“You can’t get complacent in
this organization,” he said. “We
have lots to do here, and there’s
no problem with things to stay fo-
cused on.”
Mr. Fields will play a crucial
role in a multicity public relations
blitz on Tuesday for the new ver-
sion of the Fusion, a car that has
come to symbolize Ford’s come-
back in the United States in re-
cent years.
The Fusion was the third-best-
selling midsize sedan in the Unit-
ed States last year, trailing the
Toyota Camry and the Nissan
Altima. But the market is getting
tougher with the addition of up-
dated models from General Mo-
tors and Honda, and Ford faces a
stiff challenge to re-
tain its share of the
Ford’s sales in the
United States have
grown 6 percent this
year, compared with a
14.7 percent gain for
the overall United
States market. That
disparity has cut the
company’s share of to-
tal United States sales
to 15.6 percent from
16.8 percent during the
same period last year.
Mr. Fields has faced
challenges like these before and
succeeded, turning the Americas
division into Ford’s most profit-
able regional operation.Its North
American business accounted for
$2 billion in profits during the
second quarter, allowing Ford to
report $1 billion in overall earn-
ings despite steep losses in Eu-
Ford, and Mr. Fields, can ill af-
ford any hitches in the rollout of
the new Fusion, which will be
built at plants he oversees in
Michigan and Mexico.
The company recently recalled
another new model, the Ford Es-
cape crossover vehicle. A strong start for the new Fu-
sion could reverse Ford’s decline
and add to Mr. Fields’s creden-
tials as a candidate for chief exec-
“It is an extremely important
new product for Ford,” said Aar-
on Bragman, an automotive ana-
lyst with the research firm IHS.
“It’s going to be interesting to
see if they can gain share in an
exceptionally competitive seg-
The new Fusion is sleeker and
lighter than the previous model,
and it will be available in two hy-
brid versions. Mr. Fields said he
expected the car to get better fuel
economy than the Camry hybrid,
which averages 44 miles a gallon
in city driving.
About a million vehicles will be
built using the platform of the Fu-
sion, including an international
version of the car called the Mon-
deo and the new MKZ luxury
model from the company’s Lin-
coln division.
Globalizing vehicle platforms
is a crucial tenet of the trans-
formation of Ford under Mr.
Mulally, who joined Ford as chief
executive in 2006 after a long ca-
reer with Boeing.
While Mr. Mulally, 67, has re-
vamped Ford’s product strategy
and returned the company to
profitability, without the govern-
ment aid that bailed out General
Motors and Chrysler, Mr. Fields
has executed his plans in the
Mr. Fields, 51, has systemati-
cally improved productivity in the
North American business by con-
solidating factories, cutting jobs
and bolstering quality. His blue-
print for the unit’s comeback was
endorsed early by Mr. Mulally.
“A lot of the nuts and bolts of
what the company has done to
change were Mark Fields’s ideas
first,” Mr. Bragman said. “Alan
Mulally created the environment
to get it done.”
Mr. Fields will play a support-
ing role to Mr. Mulally next week
in the media presentations for
the new Fusion.
While Mr. Mulally will be on
stage in Times Square in New
York with the television person-
ality Ryan Seacrest,extolling Fu-
sion’s fuel efficiency, Mr. Fields
will preside over a smaller event
in Los Angeles.
That is fine with Mr. Fields,
who consistently credits Mr.
Mulally for ending strife among
Ford executives and establishing
a team-first atmosphere in the
company, which is the nation’s
second-largest automaker.
“The way we run the company
now is we all have accountability
to each other,” Mr. Fields said.
“We are all dedicated to continu-
ing that because it’s more enjoy-
able, and because it works.”
Ford Motor executives, from left, Mark Fields, president of the Americas;Alan Mulally, chief executive;and William Clay Ford Jr.,
chairman, in 2010. There is speculation that Mr. Fields is the favorite to succeed Mr. Mulally whenever he decides to retire. As Succession Talk Stirs,
Ford Focuses on New Car
A2013 Ford Fusion. The company is bet-
ting on the vehicle to revive its fortunes. Ford’s share of United
States sales has fallen
in the last year.
Happy to Spend on Others
In the early 1990s, I went to Philadelphia on a Mormon mission and
lived in a tough section of the city. One day,I received a letter from a
friend. In it was $100 and instructions to spend it doing something nice
for someone else. No spending the money on myself.
It was the holiday season, and I figured it would be fun to provide a
great dinner for a family we had recently met who was clearly going
to go without. We bought a turkey, stuffing, fixings, a pie and small
gifts. I still remember leaving the box of food on the doorstep, knock-
ing a few times and running.
We watched from a hiding place as someone came to the door,
glanced at the food, looked around, gathered it all up and went inside.
I have no idea what the reaction was afterward. We never saw that
family again, but the experience is among the best I had during that
Spending that money on someone else made me far happier than if I
had spent it on myself. In a fascinating paradox, the more we try to
find happiness and the more we devote our resources, time, talents,
energy and money to making ourselves happy, the less it seems to
work. But when we use our money to make someone else happy,
something weird happens: we get happier. Some research supports this idea. In a paper originally published in
The Journal of Consumer Psychology, Elizabeth Dunn, Daniel Gilbert
and Timothy Wilson share the results of a 2008 experiment: “Researchers approached individuals on the University of British
Columbia campus, handed them a $5 or $20 bill, and then randomly as-
signed them to spend the money on themselves or on others by the
end of the day. When participants were contacted that evening, indi-
viduals who had been assigned to spend their windfall on others were
happier than those who had been assigned to spend the money on
Imagine if someone walked up to you today and handed you $100.
How would you use that money to make someone else happy?
I was extremely poor as a child. My parents, however, had
great pride. Had anyone done to them what you did, leaving the box of
food and gifts anonymously, they would have suffered such a blow to
their pride that it would have sent my mother into a deep depression
and I don’t know what it would have done to my beloved dad’s self-es-
teem. It wouldn’t have been good. You sinned that day out of pride,and
for 20 years,you haven’t understood. You should have given them an
honest choice and not have left that family wondering exactly who it
was who pitied them and was too cowardly and unfriendly to offer,
rather than thrust, a gift upon them.— Sweetbetsy, Norfolk
I was also extremely poor as a child. One day, shortly before Christ-
mas, someone DID leave a box of groceries and a pile of wrapped
presents on our doorstep. We never found out who it was. And you
know what? We were thrilled. Someone, we felt, cared about us and
wanted us to have what they had. Now, at the age of 42, I still have one
of the gifts that was (presumably) left for me, just a young girl at that
time. I will always keep it not only as a reminder of what others did for
me, but what I should also strive to do for others. So please don’t gener-
alize from your own experience and presume to call other people “sin-
ners.” — JW, Austin
ID Numbers
And Medicare
Images of a woman waving
her Medicare card on television
at the Democratic convention
prompted the people at Credit
.com and others to ask: Why do
the cards still have Social Securi-
ty numbers on themwhen that
access can pose a risk of identity
The answer is that the federal
government has been dragging
its heels for years on making a
change, because, according to
various reports from the agency
that oversees Medicare, it would
be both expensive and techno-
logically complex to reissue
cards with new numbers. About
48 million Americans carry
Medicare cards that use their
Social Security number as part
of their health claim number.
An official from the Centers
for Medicare and Medicaid Serv-
ices testified before Congress in
August that “transitioning to a
new identifier would be a task of
enormous complexity and cost
and one that, undertaken with-
out sufficient planning, would
present great risks to continued
access to health care for Medi-
care beneficiaries.”
In a 2006 report, the agency
said removing Social Security
numbers from Medicare cards
would cost $300 million. Then, an
update last November put that
figure at $803 million to $845 mil-
lion, depending on the option
chosen. Much of the cost, the
agency said, was for upgrading
computer systems.
But the Government Account-
ability Office said in its testimo-
ny to Congress in August that
the methods and assumptions
behind the cost estimates “raise
questions about their reliability.”
It recommended that the Medi-
care agency select an approach
to modify or remove the num-
bers and develop an “accurate,
well-documented cost estimate.”
According to the accountabil-
ity office, the agency agreed
with its recommendations and
will conduct a new estimate with
better methodology. That’s likely
to take some time. So don’t ex-
pect Medicare cards free of the
numbers anytime soon.
At 71, I think the
chance of my forgetting my SS#,
especially when under stress, is
more likely than identity theft.
— Joan, Sarasota, Fla.
Savings Gauge
For Retirement
Fidelity Investments has rec-
ommended that to adequately
prepare for retirement, most
workers have at least eight times
their final salary saved. (That
puts you on track to replace 85
percent of your salary, Fidelity
Now, the firm is suggesting
earlier milestones to help you
reach that goal by the time you’re
67. Fidelity advises that workers
aim to save the amount of their
salary at age 35, three times their
salary at age 45 and five times at
age 55. So if you’re 45 and making
$50,000 a year, you should have
put away $150,000.
The goal would include savings
in all retirement accounts, like
401(k)’s and I.R.A.’s, as well as
other savings.
I have saved 50 per-
cent of my income for the past 10
years. At age 59, I have about 20
times my annual salary in sav-
ings.I plan to live in retirement on
my investment dividends and in-
terest, and not spend my capital. — Jonathan, New York
I started saving early and I’m
well past Fidelity’s guideline for
my age. Learning about how com-
pound interest works encouraged
me to save as much as I could
when I started saving. — Adam, Austin, Tex.
Congratulations. When I’m 67
I’m moving in with all of you.
— gentlewomanfarmer,
focused on financial transactions
at European banks, most recent-
ly Standard Chartered. The au-
thorities accused several foreign
banks of flouting American law
by transferring billions of dollars
on behalf of sanctioned nations. As the investigation shifts to
American shores, the Justice De-
partment and the Manhattan dis-
trict attorney’s office are moving
beyond those violations to focus
on money-laundering, in which
criminals around the globe try to
hide illicit funds in United States
bank accounts. If these new
cases follow the pattern of previ-
ous ones,prosecutors could fol-
low up on regulatory actions with
their own complaints. Despite shortcomings, banks
spend millions of dollars a year to
guard against money-laundering.
Compliance experts argue that
violations are typically uninten-
tional and often harmless be-
cause they aren’t always exploit-
ed by criminals. Still, prosecutors and regula-
tors have spotted gulfs in the way
financial institutions oversee sus-
picious cash transfers, according
to the federal and state officials.
Under the Bank Secrecy Act, fi-
nancial institutions like banks
and check-cashers must report
any cash transaction of more
than $10,000 and bring any dubi-
ous activity to the attention of
regulators. The federal law also
requires banks to have complex
controls in place to detect any
criminal activity. The comptroller’s office,
JPMorgan and Bank of America
declined to comment.
The investigations are gaining
momentum as concern is grow-
ing in Washington that illicit
money is coursing through the
American financial system. Back in July the Senate Perma-
nent Subcommittee on Investiga-
tions accused HSBC of exposing
“the U.S. financial system to
money-laundering and terrorist
financing risks” between 2001
and 2010.The British bank, which
is also under investigation by fed-
eral and state prosecutors, is sus-
pected of funneling cash for Sau-
di Arabian banks with ties to ter-
rorists, according to federal au-
thorities with direct knowledge of
the investigations.HSBC officials
have pointed out that they had
strengthened controls to prevent
money-laundering and replaced
employees tainted by the allega-
tions.Standard Chartered main-
tains that “99.9 percent” of the
transactions under scrutiny com-
plied with that rule and involved
legitimate Iranian banks and cor-
The case against HSBC
alarmed banking regulators,who
wondered if monitoring flaws
could be pervasive in the banking
industry.The comptroller’s of-
fice, which lawmakers accused of
missing warning signs about
HSBC’s weaknesses,has stepped
up its scrutiny of American banks
in recent months. In April, the regulator issued a
cease-and-desist order against
Citigroup for gaps in its oversight
of cash transactions. The order
cited “internal control weakness-
es including the incomplete iden-
tification of high-risk customers
in multiple areas of the bank.” A
person close to the bank attribut-
ed part of the problemto an acci-
dent when a computer was un-
plugged from anti-money-laun-
dering systems. Citi did not admit or deny
wrongdoing, but said in April that
it had already undertaken many
of the reforms required. Federal officials are now exam-
ining whether problems run even
deeper and if criminals have
managed to exploit these vulner-
abilities. An example of how
criminals can evade the system
surfaced publicly in a federal
drug case in a Texas court this
summer.Mexican drug cartels
hid proceeds from cocaine-traf-
ficking in two accounts at Bank of
America, according to law en-
forcement testimony in the case,
and some of the money was used
to buy racehorses. Bank of America was not ac-
cused of wrongdoing,and the
comptroller’s office has said pri-
vately it is unlikely to bring an
action related to the case, ac-
cording to a person with knowl-
edge of the matter. Authorities have not disclosed
the scope of their inquiries at
Bank of America and JPMorgan,
or the period being examined.
Any regulatory action against
JPMorgan would be another
black eye for its chief executive,
Jamie Dimon,and the bank,
which was rattled this spring by a
$5.8 billion trading loss.That mis-
step brought additional scrutiny
of the bank’s risk controls and
compliance efforts.
Last year, JPMorgan agreed to
pay $88.3 million to the Treasury
Department, which had accused
the bank of thwarting United
States sanctions by processing
roughly $178.5 million for Cubans
in 2005 and 2006. Even after bank
officials spotted the questionable
transactions in 2005, the Treas-
ury said, they failed to report the
problem to federal authorities.
JPMorgan also made an improp-
er $2.9 million loan in 2009 to a
bank tied to Iran’s government-
owned shipping line, according to
the Treasury Department. In a 2011 statement, Treasury
officials called the bank’s actions
“egregious,” adding that JPMor-
gan’s “managers and supervisors
acted with knowledge of the con-
duct constituting the apparent vi-
olations and recklessly failed to
exercise a minimal degree of cau-
tion or care.” At the time, JPMor-
gan said that it had not dealt di-
rectly with institutions in Cuba
and Iran and that it had merely
acted as a middleman.
Money-Laundering Inquiry Moves to U.S. Banks
Regulatory action
against JPMorgan
Chase may be close.
From First Business Page
ticked up. Builders have broken
ground on new projects. More than six years since the
real estate bubble started to de-
flate, many housing analysts
said, if cautiously, that they be-
lieved the worst was over.
The announcement seems a
signal that the Fed is confident
that housing is turning around —
and that by itself could make
home builders, mortgage finan-
ciers, real estate agents and buy-
ers feel more confident as well,
analysts said. “There’s definitely a sense at
the Fed that this channel could be
one of the more promising chan-
nels,” said Joseph E. Gagnon,a
senior fellow at the Peterson In-
stitute for International Econom-
ics. “Sometimes people are look-
ing for a reason to be optimistic,”
he added.
On Thursday and Friday, finan-
cial markets cheered the Fed’s
announcement. Stocks climbed,
as did the price of many of mort-
gage-backed securities. But housing analysts cau-
tioned that the Fed effort was no
panacea. Millions of homeowners
owe more on their mortgages
than their homes are worth, leav-
ing them in no position to sell.
WASHINGTON — The Federal
Reserve’s ambitious effort to
spur the recovery by aiding the
housing market is likely to have a
modest effect on home sales, giv-
en the pervasive weakness in the
real estate market and the econ-
omy, analysts said Friday.
“The incremental benefit of
slightly lower mortgage rates will
be small,” wrote Paul Diggle,a
property economist at Capital
Economics,an international re-
search firm, in a note to clients.
“After all, most borrowers in a
position to refinance have prob-
ably already done so. And it’s not
obvious why a would-be buyer
who wasn’t tempted by a 3.7 per-
cent mortgage rate would be by,
let’s say, a 3.25 percent rate,” he
Others echoed that view, say-
ing that the Fed program would
support a recovery at the mar-
gins of the housing market, but
that lower mortgage rates them-
selves would not be enough to
spur a stronger turnaround.
On Thursday, the Federal Re-
serve announced a third major
round of asset purchases intend-
ed to bring down interest rates
and increase employment.
“While the economy appears to
be at a path of moderate recov-
ery, it isn’t growing fast enough
to make significant progress re-
ducing the unemployment rate,”
Ben S. Bernanke, the Fed chair-
man, said at a news conference
on Thursday. “The weak job mar-
ket should concern every Ameri-
The Fed pledged to buy mort-
gage-backed securities at a pace
of about $40 billion a month for an
indefinite period of time. The ef-
fort is expected to increase prices
and demand for those securities
and push down mortgage rates,
already near record lows. That
might encourage more families to
refinance their mortgages and
others to purchase a home, with
ripple effects through the real es-
tate industry and the rest of the
Analysts said it might help
strengthen and quicken a tenta-
tive housing recovery. In recent
months, housing sales and, in
some cases, sale prices have
Millions more are unemployed or
underemployed, and unable to af-
ford a home. The foreclosure cri-
sis is continuing and credit is
tight, leaving many people who
would like to buy a house unable
to get a mortgage.
Jed Kolko,the chief economist
at Trulia, a real estate analytics
firm, anticipated a muted effect
on sales.
“The big obstacles for people
who want to buy are saving
enough for a down payment and
qualifying for a mortgage, be-
cause credit is still tight,” Mr.
Kolko said, saying that the Fed
program would not directly ad-
dress those problems.
Mr. Kolko and other analysts
also noted that hundreds of thou-
sands of Americans had already
refinanced their mortgages to
take advantage of rates near
record lows. (Mr. Bernanke, for
instance, refinanced his Wash-
ington home last year, taking out
a 30-year mortgage with a 4.25
percent interest rate.) That
leaves the pool of homeowners
potentially looking to refinance
smaller than it otherwise would
Still, some analysts said that
the Fed’s promise to push mort-
gage rates lower and to keep
them there would encourage ser-
vicers to expand their capacity.
“I think it will have a meaning-
ful impact on the housing mar-
ket,” said Mark Zandi,the chief
economist at Moody’s Analytics.
“The refinancing boom is being
tempered by the lack of capacity
to refinance loans, because mort-
gage servicers are at full capaci-
ty.” Analysts also said that any ef-
fort by the Fed to make borrow-
ing cheaper and to aid the econ-
omy would help the housing re-
covery — increasing construction
employment, household wealth
and many other facets of the
economy in turn. “This makes housing a little bit
more affordable,” said Gus
Faucher,senior macroeconomist
at PNC Financial Services
Group. “But more important, it is
designed to give some confidence
to households and financial mar-
kets that the recovery is going to
Mr. Zandi said: “The main con-
straint on the recovery has been
the housing market. Anything
you can do to lift housing will
have significant benefits for the
Analysts See Minor Boost for Housing in the Fed’s Plan
A home in Palo Alto, Calif. The Federal Reserve said Thursday it would act to cut mortgage rates. By BROOKS BARNES
Rothman, chairman and chief ex-
ecutive of Fox Filmed Entertain-
ment,resigned late Friday as
20th Century Fox fights to regain
market share and forge ahead
with two “Avatar” sequels.
News Corporation, which owns
the studio and announced the de-
parture, also reversed a three-
year-old decision to consolidate
management of its movie and TV
operations. Jim Gianopulos,who
shared responsibility for those
businesses with Mr. Rothman as
a fellow chief executive, will now
have a narrower focus, running
20th Century Fox Film — the
movie studio, the Fox Searchlight
specialty label and home enter-
tainment. The newly separate 20th Cen-
tury Fox Television will be over-
seen by its current co-leaders,
Dana Walden and Gary Newman.
Mr. Gianopulos, Ms. Walden and
Mr. Newman will report to Chase
Carey, News Corporation’s chief
operating officer.
Mr. Rothman’s resignation
takes effect on Jan. 1. In an in-
ternal e-mail addressed “dear
friends,” Mr. Rothman, 57, offered
no details about his decision to
leave after 18 years. But he may
have chafed at News Corpora-
tion’s decision to strip television
from his control. In his e-mail,
Mr. Rothman said he needed
“some new challenges and to
write a new chapter.” Although Fox insiders were
stunned, the movie capital has
been rife with speculation in re-
cent weeks that Mr. Rothman
was a candidate for the top movie
job at Universal Studios, where
the president, Ron Meyer,is ex-
pected to retire.
In his note to the staff, Mr.
Rothman — a company man to
the degree that he used Fox’s sig-
nature trumpet fanfare as his
cellphone ring tone — spotlighted
the role he played in creating Fox
Searchlight, which won a best
picture Oscar with “Slumdog Mil-
lionaire.” He also listed his in-
volvement with the two highest-
grossing movies in history, “Ava-
tar” and “Titanic,” as two of his
proudest achievements.
Mr. Rothman is an ardent film
lover who hosted his own screen-
ings of classic films on the Fox
Movie Channel. But he also fo-
cused heavily on populist films
that could border on the lowbrow,
as with the successful “Alvin and
the Chipmunks” series. Mr. Rothman, one of the long-
est-tenured studio chiefs in Hol-
lywood, started his career as an
entertainment lawyer and
worked at Columbia Pictures un-
der David Puttnam in the 1980s.
Known for its tough cost con-
trols, Fox is coming off a difficult
stretch. Films like “Prometheus,”
“Abraham Lincoln: Vampire
Hunter” and “We Bought a Zoo”
were disappointing at the box of-
fice, and Mr. Rothman has been
waiting for James Cameron to
finish scripts for two “Avatar” se-
quels that now will not arrive be-
fore 2015.
But Mr. Rothman — exhibiting
his colorful style — expressed
confidence in his internal e-mail
over the coming Fox slate, which
includes “Life of Pi,” an Oscar
hopeful directed by Ang Lee. “A
bunch of you guys know what the
tattoo on my ankle says,” he said.
“It’s what I wish for us all: ‘Ex-
Head of Fox Film Unit Resigns as Leadership Is Revamped
Jim Gianopulos, left, and
Thomas E. Rothman in June. N
NNUITIES are sold with the word
“guaranteed” sprinkled
through the marketing materi-
al. A set payment for life seems
mighty attractive when many people
are worried about having enough in-
come in retirement and interest rates
on savings and Treasury bonds are al-
most nonexistent.
Indeed, a report released this week
from the Insured Retirement Institute
said one of the top reasons people were
buying annuities was guaranteed in-
come. (The others were that their advis-
er recommended it and that the assets
in an annuity grow tax-free.) But it turns out that the definition of
guaranteed may vary. As of Friday,
Prudential Annuities has suspended the
ability of policyholders with 14 types of
benefits to make further contributions.
And because the size of the annuity pay-
ment is based on how much is in the an-
nuity, policyholders who had planned to
add to their accounts will get payments
that are far lower than they had expect-
Annuity experts predicted that other
insurers would take similar steps be-
cause they also made promises before
the financial crisis that they nowcannot
“You’re going to see every major in-
surer out there who has products that
are considerably higher than what the
market would see today do this,” said
Brian Fenstermaker,managing princi-
pal at the Envision Consulting Group.
“While it was a surprise,it wasn’t a sur-
prise. We always figured these benefits
that were very good wouldn’t be around
In Prudential’s case, it began selling
these extra annuity benefits, known as
riders,in 2006.With names like Highest
Daily Lifetime Seven, they locked in the
annuity’s growth rate. The Lifetime
Seven annuity guaranteed annual
growth of 7 percent of the highest bal-
ance. So if the balance hit $100,000 at
some point, the value of the annuity
would grow at 7 percent a year from
there, even if the balance later dropped.
If the balance rose to, say,$110,000 the
next year, the annuity would grow at 7
percent of that amount. Any money already in the Prudential
annuities will be protected at the guar-
anteed rate for people who eventually
take annuity payments.
“It’s in response to the capital mar-
kets environment that we’re encounter-
ing,” said Bruce Ferris,senior vice pres-
ident of sales and distribution for Pru-
dential Annuities. “Those contracts
were brought to the marketplace in a
much different environment and are no
longer sustainable. We’re making these
changes in the interest of protecting cli-
ents to make sure we can make their
Not surprisingly, people who counted
on adding more money to these annu-
ities and increasing their eventual pay-
ments are not happy. Steve, 54, a freelance advertising
copywriter who asked that his last
name be withheld for fear that his age
could affect his ability to get work, said
the change was a setback to his retire-
ment plans. He said he opened a Pru-
dential annuity with a 6 percent guaran-
tee two years ago, when he realized that
he had not been saving enough for re-
tirement,and had been adding money
to it as well as to a diversified mutual
fund and a portfolio of corporate bonds. “It was guaranteed,and it seemed
like a no-brainer,” he said. “But I know
nothing is guaranteed. I had also found
a lot of threads online saying it was too
good to be true,so I didn’t put all my
money into it.”
In late August, he said,he received a
form letter from Prudential that looked
like junk mail. He said he read it only
because his broker had told him that
Prudential was not going to allow peo-
ple to add any more money. The letter notifying him was dated
Aug.23 but by the time he received it,
he had less than three weeks to decide if
he was going to add as much as he could
to the annuity or come up with a differ-
ent retirement plan. “It was a piece of
paper folded in threes with a piece of
tape that said presorted,” he said. “This
is not the way you talk to your audience
unless you want to make sure that they
completely don’t understand it,and you
don’t want them to open it. I know be-
cause I’m in advertising,and I create il-
lusions like this for companies like Pru-
Prudential has the right to change the
terms. In Steve’s case, a line on Page 66
of the prospectus says,“We may apply-
certain limitations, restrictions, and/or
underwriting standards as a condition
of our issuance of an Annuity and/or ac-
ceptance of Purchase Payments.”
Translated, that means that Pruden-
tial is permitted to do what it is doing. Annuity experts said that Prudential
was likely to be in the first wave of
many companies to prohibit additional
purchases of annuities with guarantees
in the 6 to 8 percent range. “These products were sold, not
bought,” said Ronald J. Garutti Jr., a cer-
tified financial planner with the New-
roads Financial Group.“You could
make it sound like the greatest thing
since sliced bread if you didn’t go into
the underlying what ifs. In this guy’s
case, it was, ‘Now we let you fund
money, in the future we may not.’”
Mr. Ferris of Prudential said that the
decision to suspend future contributions
was driven by the desire to protect cur-
rent annuity holders and that the short
time frame to make additional contribu-
tions was part of that. “If we allowed
people to add large amounts to these
contracts, it puts at risk our ability to in-
sure and manage our liabilities,” he
I called Steve’s adviser, Eric L. Lyon
at the National Securities Corporation
in Boca Raton, Fla., and he said many of
his clients were worried about the same
restrictions on future contributions
from other annuity companies. “It was
in the contract that they have the right
to stop or no longer allow future contri-
butions,” Mr. Lyon said. “It’s in a pro-
spectus that’s 150 pages long, but it was
in there.”
So what can people do about the sud-
den change? The consensus from the
annuity experts was that they should be
happy with what they got while they got
it. Moshe A. Milevsky,an associate pro-
fessor of finance at the York University
business school in Toronto, said that
while these good deals were going
away,he was more worried that people
would rush to put as much money as
they could into an annuity with a high
guarantee and come to regret it. “I don’t want to create this fire-sale
mentality,” Mr. Milevsky said. “I don’t
want to give advisers the ability to say
to their clients, ‘Give me more money
now because it’s going to be shut down
tomorrow.’ Then,the adviser gets a big
commission, but the person may need
that money in the future.”
Mr. Garutti equated what Prudential
had done to the swimming pool in his
town closing on Labor Day, even though
the weather was still nice. “I have to tell
my son there is nothing I can do about it
until Memorial Day,no matter how
much you cry,” he said. “I don’t want to
be callous, but you have to accept what
happened and move on.”
While some people do add money
each year to their annuities,many tradi-
tional annuity buyers buy an annuity
with a lump sum,and the guarantee on
that is still in effect. But experts said that Prudential’s de-
cision to stop people from putting new
money into their annuities was not the
worst of what was likely to happen
across the industry. “They can get a lot
more stringent,” Mr. Milevsky said.
“Wait until they tell him they’re going
to restrict his investment choices. Or
they’re going to raise his fees.” Mr. Fer-
ris said the company evaluated its bene-
fits each day. In the end, Steve decided to put an ex-
tra $20,000 into his annuity before the
deadline, to bring his account balance to
$75,000. He had planned to contribute
until it reached $300,000 —a huge dif-
ference at a 5 to 6 percent payout.
“I get the situation Prudential is in,
but they should be smarter,” Steve said.
“If they’re not smart enough to figure
out how they can keep doing something
they offered two years ago in a bad mar-
ket, I’m worried.”
A Guaranteed Return
On an Annuity
Has Limits After All
“These products were sold, not bought, “ said Ronald J. Garutti Jr.of the Newroads Financial Group in Clinton, N.J.
Prudential caps a policy
that promised returns of
7%. Other insurers are
likely to follow.
rates were going to rise, it is Congress
that sets the rates. And doing so is a po-
litical act, not one necessarily rooted in
economic science or reason. “Budgeting for the government starts
from the status quo, and the status quo
is 6.8 percent and 7.9 percent,” said Rob-
ert Shireman,who worked on student
loan issues at the Department of Educa-
tion for the first few years of President
Obama’s term. So any change that
benefits borrowers means an offsetting
cut someplace else, perhaps in Pell
Grants for the truly needy. Jason Delisle, director of the federal
education budget project at the New
America Foundation,a nonpartisan
public policy institute in Washington,
begins his analysis by noting how differ-
ent student loans are from loans like
mortgages, which have fixed interest
rates that are half of what some student
loans offer today. There is no credit
check for students, no down payment
and no collateral or consideration of
where you are studying or whether you
are majoring in underwater basket
weaving. Also, the loans come with repayment
options and loan forgiveness programs
that mortgages do not have. That’s not to say that Mr. Delisle isn’t
sympathetic to the call for lower rates,
given that the student loan program
does take in more than it lends out.But
how would you set the new rates? The
fixed interest rates that exist today
seemed to be a good deal when Con-
gress set them years ago.
“Congress could go back to variable
interest rates,” he said. “But then peo-
ple want a cap on those rates. What
should the cap be? Somebody picks a
number, and somebody always loses, ei-
ther taxpayers or borrowers. And vari-
able looks fair, because everyone has
the same rate at the same time. But the
problem with that is people can’t really
Rafael Pardo, a bankruptcy professor
at Emory University’s law school,
frames the issue differently. He would
have no problem with the government
making money on the student loan pro-
gram if it were a bit easier to discharge
the loans in bankruptcy for people who
get in over their heads. But the process
is hard enough that he recently spent
nearly 650 hours of pro bono time trying
to help just one debtor.
Alternatively, he would be fine with
much lower rates while continuing to
make it very hard to discharge the debt.
“But you can’t be hitting them on the
front end and on the back end,” he said,
which is his view of what the status quo
does today. Refinancing
A reader from New York City consoli-
dated a bunch of loans into a single loan
more than a decade ago at 8.125 percent
and cannot refinance the loan at a lower
rate because of rules that prohibit this.
The comment summed things up this
way: “I have excellent credit but feel
like I am unfairly punished and stuck
with this extortionate interest rate for
the rest of my working life.” This,too,is something only Congress
can change, and perhaps it didn’t antici-
pate this problemor worry about it back
when it thought it was doing students a
favor by letting them consolidate debt
at a fixed rate and relieving them of
having to keep track of a big pile of indi-
vidual loans. Still, Mr. Shireman, who was a cham-
pion for the income-based repayment
programthat now allows people with
lower incomes to make more affordable
payments and have any remaining debt
waived after a certain number of years,
doesn’t see this particular complaint
gaining much traction. “There aren’t the votes to make this
kind of change,” he said. “And I think
one response would be that if these are
high-income New York Times subscrib-
ers,then their needs are not as great as
Pell Grant recipients. And if they’re
low-income and struggling, they have
income-based repayment and they can
get a big benefit from that.”
There are a few exceptions to the no-
refinancing rule, and I have linked to an
explanation of them (and the best ex-
planations of many of the loan pro-
grams, repayment plans and other ex-
ceptions) in the online version of the
column. Forgiveness and Taxes
Another reader posted a question
about the income-based repayment
plan, noting that she will probably have
a large amount of debt forgiven at the
end of her term and is worried about the
tax bill she will face at that point, when
she will be 70 years old. The amount of any debt forgiveness is
often taxable income as far as the fed-
eral government is concerned. One big
exception,however, is for people en-
rolled in something called public service
loan forgiveness.I have linked to infor-
mation on how to qualify for that partic-
ular program.
If you’re not working in a public serv-
ice job and are enrolled in income-based
repayment, you will have to pay taxes
on the debt the government forgives.
This hasn’t happened to anyone yet
since the program is still new, and bi-
partisan efforts are under way to grant
waivers for people who find themselves
in this situation. “I think the odds are
very high that it will be fixed long be-
fore anyone qualifies for debt forgive-
ness,” said Lauren Asher, president of
the nonprofit Institute for College Ac-
cess and Success.
Failing that, if your assets (including
retirement savings and home equity)
are less than your total liabilities right
before the remaining student loan bal-
ance is supposed to be dismissed, you
could declare yourself insolvent and
avoid some or all of the big tax bill that
way. I.R.S. publication 4681 has the de-
tails. Safe Amount of Loans
And finally, the most difficult reader
question of all: “Before starting college,
or even choosing which one to attend,
how do you suggest families decide on
how much borrowing is acceptable?”
There are so many variables here, it’s
hard to know where to start. It can de-
pend on the career the teenager seems
headed for, the willingness of parents to
shoulder some of the debt and the econ-
omy. Mark Kantrowitz, who runs the ency-
clopedic Web site, has devel-
oped one rough guideline: Students
should borrow no more, in total, than
whatever they think their first-year sal-
ary will be once they are finished
(though ideally a lot less). That should
keep the payments affordable, assum-
ing they don’t change their mind about
what they want to study,and manage to
get a job in their chosen field.
A slightly more conservative ap-
proach may be to limit yourself to
$31,000, the maximum amount that the
government generally lets undergradu-
ates borrowin federal loans. If you
avoid any private student loans from
more traditional lenders, every dime of
your debt will be eligible for the federal
income-based repayment program in
case there is little or no income for a
while after graduation or later on.
The downside here is that limits like
these (and they are caps, not targets,as
Mr. Kantrowitz is quick to note) are
dreamkillers for many young people. It
may mean no law school at all or com-
munity college for two years or the local
branch of the state university instead of
the flagship. So how do we get to a point where any
college is in reach for every student?
It’s a question that no one has a realistic
answer for yet. Answering Questions on Student Loan Rates and the Uncertain Future
Catherine Cline, 22, a senior who is majoring in literature at Ohio Northern
University, has $85,000 in debt.Nick Messenger, 21, a junior who is major-
ing in economics at Ohio State University, has $16,000 in debt. From First Business Page
NICOSIA, Cyprus — A split
emerged on Friday between
France and Germany over the ur-
gency of supporting the ailing
Spanish economy and the scope
of banking regulation for euro na-
The discord threatened to sub-
due a rare show of optimism in
the region’s three-year debt cri-
sis as European finance minis-
ters and international officials
began a two-day meeting in Cy-
Since the European Central
Bank early this month an-
nounced a program to buy the
short-term debt of financially vul-
nerable countries, market pres-
sures on countries like Spain
have eased significantly. In that
sense, the gathering had little of
the crisis mood that has sur-
rounded so many of these meet-
ings in recent years.
For once, the finance ministers
had the opportunity to consider
broader policy goals, like plans
for further economic and finan-
cial integration of the euro union.
Still, there were signs of grow-
ing tensions between France and
Germany, the two countries that
often determine how fast Euro-
peans can turn words in action.
Although frequent allies in the
struggle to keep the euro zone to-
gether, they are still feeling out
their new relationship since
François Hollande became presi-
dent in May and appointed a new
finance minister, Pierre Moscov-
Wolfgang Schäuble,the Ger-
man finance minister, tempered
expectations on Friday that a sin-
gle banking supervisor for the
euro zone would be in place by
the year’s end.
The timing is significant for
Spain, because the creation of a
single supervisor under the aegis
of the European Central Bank is a
precondition for allowing money
from a new bailout fund, the Eu-
ropean Stability Mechanism, to
be used to support banks directly,
a longstanding request of Spain.
The Spanish banking system is
in desperate need of rescue loans
from Europe that were agreed to
in June.
But the country has been re-
luctant to begin receiving it un-
less the money goes directly to
the banks and does not get count-
ed as an addition to the Madrid
government’s own staggering
debt load.
“My concern is always that
there is the risk to raise expecta-
tions with financial market par-
ticipants that can’t be fulfilled lat-
er,” Mr. Schäuble said Friday. “I
don’t see the possibility of a di-
rect bank capitalization from the
European Stability Mechanism
as of Jan.1.”
The European Commission on
Wednesday detailed the broad
outlines of a new banking su-
pervisor for the euro zone. But
there is disagreement over the
size of that supervisor’s purview
— whether it should oversee all
6,000 or so European banks, or
only the largest ones that can
have the biggest effect on the fi-
nancial markets.
Leading German officials in-
cluding Chancellor Angela Mer-
kel have said it is unrealistic to
expect the central bank to be able
to oversee 6,000 banks effective-
ly, as the plan proposes, because
regulators would be spread too
thin. Extending the system to all
euro zone banks would also lead
to greater scrutiny of Germany’s
politically important smaller re-
gional and local institutions —
unwelcome scrutiny in many
Germans’ view.
Mr. Schäuble also discouraged
Spain from seeking any fuller
form of international assistance,
saying in an interview with
Bloomberg News on Thursday
that such a request risked a new
round of financial market tur-
But his French counterpart,
Mr. Moscovici, took the opposite
approach at a news conference
here Friday. He said that Eu-
rope’s plans for a single bank su-
pervisor were well advanced and
that direct infusions of money
from the bailout fund to euro
zone banks should be able to pro-
ceed soon.
In a remark apparently aimed
at Mr. Schäuble, Mr. Moscovici
said the crisis had an effect “on
everyone, even Germany, which
is today experiencing an econom-
ic slowdown.”
Mr. Moscovici also suggested
that the Spanish government it-
self could probably seek some
form of outside aid to forestall
any worsening of its debt crisis.
“We have all the tools now to put
into force the appropriate deci-
sions to deal with the Spanish sit-
uation,” he said.
German officials have empha-
sized a different approach, say-
ing continued economic over-
hauls in Spain might help keep a
lid the country’s borrowing costs
without the need for outside aid.
“If they say they don’t need a
program, then I trust their
words,” a German official said on
Friday, referring to the Spanish
authorities. The official spoke on
the condition of anonymity be-
cause the negotiations between
ministers were private.
Germany’s show of caution
could partly be tactical, analysts
“We suspect domestic politics
may have been partly behind this
move,” Evelyn Herrmann,a Eu-
ropean economist at BNP Pari-
bas, wrote in a briefing note on
Friday. “A new program for Spain
would require a new round of
parliamentary approval in Ger-
many,” she wrote, and “it might
prove quite challenging to
achieve a clear majority for a full
Spanish bailout within the ruling
Despite the disagreement be-
tween Mr. Schäuble and Mr. Mos-
covici, there was a general spirit
of elation at the meeting about
the reduction in borrowing costs
in Spain and Italy in recent days.
On Friday, the interest rate on
Spain’s 10-year bonds was 5.73
percent — compared with 7.5 per-
cent at its most recent peak in
late July. Italy’s 10-year bond was
at 4.99 percent, down from a peak
of 6.5 percent in late July.
“If we continue going this way,
one has to be optimistic,” said
Mario Draghi, the president of
the European Central Bank, re-
ferring to improved market con-
ditions. Countries had also made
“significant progress,” he said at
a news conference here.
Christine Lagarde, the manag-
ing director of the International
Monetary Fund, who is also at
the meeting, said she hoped that
“momentum, which is clearly
positive, will be maintained in or-
der to take stock and consolidate
the gains that have been recently
seen on the markets.”
The I.M.F. is part of the so-
called troika of international
lenders to Greece, which current-
ly has a team of examiners in
Athens trying to determine
whether the Greek government
has taken sufficient budget-cut-
ting steps to merit its next in-
stallment of bailout loans. Ms.
Lagarde said Friday that Greece
could be allowed more time to
trim its budget.
Spain’s Struggling Economy Tops Agenda at Meeting of European Finance Ministers YIANNIS KOURTOGLOU/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
Christine Lagarde, the managing director of the I.M.F., and
Wolfgang Schäuble, the German finance minister. of a wider federal crackdown on
the nation’s biggest exchanges.
The S.E.C. has penalized the Di-
rect Edge exchange for having
“weak internal controls,” and it is
also pursuing the Chicago Board
Options Exchange for not prop-
erly policing the markets.
The sprawling investigation
has grown after the so-called
flash crash on May 6, 2010, when
the Dow Jones industrial average
plummeted more than 700 points
in minutes before quickly recov-
ering. Federal authorities and
Congressional committees have
focused their scrutiny on techno-
logical breakdowns and high-
speed trading.
“Today’s action by the S.E.C.
affirms what many have believed
for years: that our U.S. capital
markets are threatened by those
with the resources and access to
get split-second advantages over
the rest of us,” Senator Carl Lev-
in, a Michigan Democrat whose
Permanent Subcommittee on In-
vestigations has examined high-
speed trading, said in a state-
In its most prominent case, the
S.E.C. is investigating Nasdaq in
connection with Facebook’s
botched public offering in May.
BATS Global Markets has also
acknowledged receiving a re-
quest from the agency, which is
examining whether collaboration
between BATS and high-frequen-
cy trading firms could hinder
competition. Separately, the
agency is looking into BATS’s
own aborted public offering.
The companies often blame
their woes on technological mal-
functions. But in the New York
Stock Exchange case, regulators
described a more pervasive prob-
lem, tracing the improper actions
to multiple technological mishaps
and compliance issues.
In highlighting disparities in
the distribution of stock data, the
S.E.C. pointed to an “internal
N.Y.S.E. system” and a “software
issue.” The problems, regulators
said, caused the exchange to
send stock prices and other data
to certain customers millisec-
onds,or even multiple seconds,
before it released information
more widely. The breakdown,
which first came to light after the
flash crash, dates back to 2008.
Despite the scope of the issues,
the S.E.C. suggested they were
The exchange, regulators say,
failed to keep computer files that
detailed the timing of data feeds.
The exchange’s compliance de-
partment also steered clear of
major technology decisions, ac-
cording to the S.E.C. The compli-
ance staff, for example, did not
help design or adopt the ex-
change’s market data systems.
Under the terms of the settle-
ment, the exchange must hire an
independent consultant to study
its “market data systems.”
“The violations at N.Y.S.E.
may have been technological, but
they were not technical,” said
Daniel M. Hawke, chief of the
agency’s Market Abuse Unit,
which is leading the investiga-
tions into various exchanges.
“Robust technology governance
is just as important to preventing
investor harm as any other com-
pliance or supervisory function.”
Big Board
Settles Case
Over Early
Data Access
From First Business Page
LJUBLJANA, Slovenia —
Small, affluent and westward-
leaning, Slovenia was welcomed
with open arms into the Euro-
pean Union in 2004 and slipped,
almost unnoticed, into the euro
union three years later.
Yet five years later, this alpine
nation with two million people
risks the dubious distinction of
becoming the first former social-
ist country in the European Un-
ion to need a bailout.
Janez Jansa,the Slovenian
prime minister, warned last
month that debt troubles could
eventually force him to seek Eu-
ropean aid. And his government
has already promised to put up
guarantees of as much as 4 billion
euros, ($5.2 billion) — more than
11 percent of gross domestic
product — to help the country’s
banking sector unwind bad real
estate and commercial loans.
Mired in recession, weighed
down by crippled banks and bat-
tered by the bond markets, Slo-
venia’s fall from grace has cast
doubt on an economic transition
that was once the envy of Central
and Eastern Europe.
When Yugoslavia fell apart in
1991, newly independent Slovenia
kept most of its best assets in do-
mestic hands rather than selling
them to foreigners in a flurry of
privatizations the way some oth-
er countries did. That caution,
and resistance to the sorts of
change that outsiders would have
brought — known here as “Slo-
venian gradualism” — is now be-
ing second-guessed. Some even
wonder whether the country suf-
fered from having such a promis-
ing start.
“It is a beautiful place, and
people have a feeling that they
have a good life,” said Janez Sus-
tersic,the country’s finance min-
ister. “We were the good pupil of
euro entry, also of entry into the
E.U., so there was a lot of self-
satisfaction that probably made
us unaware of the underlying
They certainly know about
them now.
By financing a construction
boom and a spate of ill-advised
takeovers, banks accumulated
billions of euros in bad debts, ac-
cording to the Institute of Macro-
economic Analysis and Develop-
ment,an independent agency
that prepares data for the Slo-
venian government. Now, with
the contraction, once-sound busi-
nesses are struggling. Bad loans
now account for 6 billion euros, or
12 percent, of Slovenian banks’
lending portfolios.
Construction has stalled. Gross
domestic product is expected to
shrink by 0.9 percent this year, to
35.6 billion euros. And because
the government’s borrowing
costs are high — yields on its 10-
year bonds have been above 6
percent lately — the govern-
ment’s interest payments are
higher, too.
Even if Slovenia is nowhere
close to actually requesting a
bailout, its situation cannot help
but be on the radar of the Euro-
pean Central Bank, whose next
governing directors’ meeting will
be held here in Ljubljana on Oct.
Although the government’s
borrowing needs are still rela-
tively small — projected at 1.6 bil-
lion euros in 2013 — a spike in
bond yields could lock Slovenia
out of debt markets.
So what went wrong?
Despite its cold war period as a
socialist state, Slovenia, as part of
moderately open Yugoslavia, was
familiar with market economies.
Agriculture was never collectiv-
ized, for example. There was ex-
tensive trade with Western Eu-
But Yugoslavia’s breakup, and
Slovenia’s drive to independence,
left an inflated sense of national
pride and, perhaps, of Slovenes’
own abilities.
Having negotiated their transi-
tion and accession to the Euro-
pean Union smoothly, and with
its banks having little exposure to
toxic subprime American assets,
Slovenes underestimated both
the dangers of the looming euro
zone debt crisis, and the extent to
which the increasingly global
economy was changing around
them, according to Professor
Marjan Svetlicic,head of the cen-
ter of international relations at
the University of Ljubljana.
The country’s subsequent eco-
nomic disaster echoes those of
other countries, with the euro
bringing easy credit and fueling a
construction bubble that inevita-
bly burst.
But here, special factors were
at play when the country’s eco-
nomic elite embarked on a host of
management buyouts of compa-
nies that were partly privatized
when the resources of the old so-
cialist state were divided. That
meant Slovenia began looking in-
ward just as globalization was
transforming world trading pat-
terns. Worse, many buyouts
lacked the robust business plans
foreign investors would have re-
quired, officials and academics
“The old boy network is very
strong in small countries,” Mr.
Svetlicic said. “These kind of con-
nections made bankers blind.
They trusted personalities. They
said, ‘These managers have per-
formed well in the past, so let
them have the money,’ and they
did not go through a very precise
Buyouts and mergers peaked
during the first term of Mr. Jansa,
who was prime minister from
2004 to 2008. He returned to pow-
er this year after his predecessor,
Borut Pahor,lost elections after
squabbles within his coalition
and a failure to push through re-
Mr. Jansa’s first government
was a power broker because
state-run funds still held stakes
in many companies. One cause
célèbre was the so-called brew-
ery wars in which Pivovarna Las-
ko acquired its rival, Union, in
2005 to avert a takeover by InBev
of Belgium.
Keeping ownership in Slovene
hands was a crucial goal. On its
Web site, Pivovarna Lasko still
cites a quotation about it from
1940, which begins: “This is not a
factory like those built with for-
eign capital, which came to en-
gulf our land in slavery and mis-
But Pivovarna Lasko then
went on a scattershot buying
spree, acquiring strategically
questionable stakes in both Mer-
cator, the country’s largest re-
tailer, and Delo, a newspaper.
The hodgepodge conglomerate
became unwieldy, and many of
its parts have since been sold.
Opponents still accuse Mr. Jan-
sa of meddling back then to con-
solidate his power.
The opposition leader and
mayor of Ljubljana, Zoran Jan-
kovic,says he was ousted from
the leadership of Mercator at the
behest of Mr. Jansa. “I wasn’t on
the same side as him — it was
just important to be in the right
political party,” Mr. Jankovic
Mr. Jansa’s office, in a state-
ment responding to questions,
said he had “never interfered” in
appointments at Mercator. “The
appointment and the dismissal of
the chairman of the management
board of Slovenia’s largest food
retailer, Mercator, falls within the
competence of the owners of the
company and not within the com-
petence of the government or the
prime minister,” the statement
In any event Bostjan Vasle,the
director of the Institute of Macro-
economic Analysis and Develop-
ment, said many mistakes were
made in Slovenia in the period of
2005 to 2007.
“Just before the outbreak of
the crisis,” Mr. Vasle said, “a lot
of people in Slovenia had this
idea that it was possible to buy
out their companies solely on the
basis of cheap loans from a bank-
ing sector which had gained from
entering the euro area.”
Around this same time propos-
als for structural reforms were
largely shelved in the face of op-
position from various politicians
and interest groups.
Foreign direct investment
grew more slowly in Slovenia
than in other Central and East
European countries over the last
two decades, limiting the adop-
tion of new technology, thus in-
hibiting productivity, according
to the Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development.
Now, with a rising number of
bankruptcies and bad debts, Slo-
venia wants foreigners to recap-
italize its big, sickly Nova Ljubl-
janska Banka. Mr. Sustersic, the
finance minister, said investors
might be found “in a period of
several months,maybe a year.”
An austerity budget for 2012
aims to cut about 600 million
euros from the previous year’s
government spending, and there
are plans to adopt labor market
reforms by the end of the year.
With such efforts under way,
Mr. Sustersic said an internation-
al bailout would be a last resort.
“If we go on with the measures
planned, then I think we will be
looked at favorably by financial
markets and then the likelihood
of us needing any financial help
will be small,” he said.
“Today,” Mr. Sustersic added,
“people don’t have the feeling
anymore that we are in any kind
of sense exceptional or better
than the others — which is good
because there is maybe also a
better understanding of the nec-
essary measures that we have to
Slovenia’s gradualism still has
some defenders, like Joze Menc-
inger,professor of economics at
the University of Ljubljana and a
former finance minister. “No-
body has anything against for-
eign investments, for example
when they are greenfield invest-
ments,” he said, “but I don’t un-
derstand why you should sell all
your companies.”
But that view is no longer the
“This idea of gradualism just
went a little too far,” Mr. Vasle
said. “At the beginning it was ap-
propriate, but at some point in
time it became an excuse for
postponing all structural re-
Slovenia Encounters Debt Trouble and May Need Bailout
By financing a construction boom, banks accumulated billions of euros in bad debts, according to an independent agency. A worker at the beverage maker Pivovarna Lasko, which went
on a buying spree. Parts of the company have been sold off. The nation might be
the first ex-socialist
country to need aid. N
city, according to the city Web
site. Mr. Guccione estimated that
the current population was over
30,000 and said that per capita in-
come and sales tax receipts had
risen steadily despite the reces-
sion. A Sam’s Club will be the
country’s largest when it opens
in October, the mayor said. Vot-
ers approved a tax increase to
pay for three new parks, and one
of them, a large aquatic center, is
scheduled to open next year.
Tony Thieman,owner of Thie-
man’s Carpet Company and a for-
mer president of the local Rotary
and the Chamber of Commerce,
said his business was up 18 per-
cent this year. “I’m seeing an in-
crease. It declined for three to
four years, and now it’s improv-
ing. It’s not back to where it was,
but I do see that happening in the
next year or two.” He’s also a
commercial landlord, with ten-
ants that include a restaurant
and a hair salon. “Their business
is up. It’s a general positive
swing,” he said.
Like the mayor, Mr. Thieman
attributes much of the town’s
success to G.M.’s survival. “G.M.
has been very active working
with small businesses in the local
area. I sell them flooring for their
offices. They support the restau-
rants and local home-and-farm
supply stores. We’re lucky we
had G.M. They kept people work-
ing here and the cash flowing.
We’ve been fortunate.”
As for the government rescue,
“People were disappointed at
first,” Mr. Guccione said. “They
were asking, ‘Why didn’t I get a
bailout?’ But when G.M.expand-
ed, they said, ‘It worked, it
helped. Maybe it didn’t help ev-
eryone but it sure helped us.’” But none of this has necessar-
ily translated into support for Mr.
Obama. The mayor was elected
on a nonpartisan ballot and says
he is a political independent.
“Both parties, they don’t care
about the people,” he said. “They
just care about being re-elected.
As far as Obama, are people hap-
py with him? No. I don’t think he
accomplished what he set out to
do. Is Romney the answer? I
don’t think so. He doesn’t have
the answers; the only thing that
would change is the name of the
president. That’s one man’s opin-
ion. I hope someone proves me
wrong.” Still, “On the bailout, I’ve got to
give Obama credit. It did work.
But you can’t judge a man by one
thing.” Mr. Guccione said he
hadn’t decided who he would
vote for.
Mr. Thieman agreed that local
support for G.M.didn’t necessar-
ily mean support for President
Obama, in part because people
are still bothered by the idea of a
bailout. “It’s a touchy subject,” he
said. “People don’t like bailouts. I
think G.M.has been a good thing
for people here. But personally,I
want to see everybody be ac-
countable for the money and it
get paid back to the American
people. A lot of people here feel
that way.”
In Lordstown, Mayor Arno A.
Hill is a retired tool-and-die mak-
er for Delphi, the former G.M.
subsidiary, and was a member of
the United Automobile Workers
for 32 years. “G.M.has carried
this valley economically for
years,” he said. “I’m glad the
plant is still here. The whole val-
ley is glad they’re here. This is
the best product lineup they’ve
ever had. For every job at that
plant, we get several more.
That’s what all the experts tell
Mayor Hill said the area had
been through hard times, but
“G.M.has helped us overcome
this,and I do think we’re looking
up. We just opened up a big Mc-
Donald’s and Chipotle Mexican
Grill warehouse. The oil and gas
boom could be huge for us. It’s
looking better, absolutely.”
But as in Missouri, Lords-
town’s resurgence doesn’t neces-
sarily translate into support for
President Obama. Although Mr.
Hill said he believed that the
president would carry the county,
where registered Democrats far
outnumber Republicans, he not-
ed that adjoining Geauga and Co-
lumbiana Counties were likely to
vote for Mr. Romney, as they did
for Mr. McCain in 2008. “Most people would say that
without G.M., we would really be
hurting,” Mr. Hill said. “But to
say everyone is 100 percent be-
hind the bailout, that’s different.
A lot of people ask me, ‘How can bonuses when they still
owe the government money?’
That upsets people.”
(Technically, G.M.doesn’t owe
the government money. It paid
back its loans in full and the gov-
ernment took an equity stake in
return for the rest of its money.
But last month,the Treasury esti-
mated that the government
might ultimately lose about $25.1
billion on its investment.)
Despite his union past, Mr. Hill
is a Republican, and said he was
voting for Mr. Romney. “I’m glad here,and you can’t re-
write history. But I believe in less
government and lower taxes and
that people should have personal
responsibility. Government isn’t
the answer for everything. John
F. Kennedy said, ‘Ask not what
your country can do for you.’
That’s what the Republican Party
is saying today.”
Mr. Weaver, the political con-
sultant, said he was traveling in
the Midwest when the Wall
Street banks were rescued by the
government. “People kept ask-
ing, ‘Why don’t you bail out the
auto industry if you’re bailing out
the banks?’ Now they’re asking,
‘Why didn’t you bail out the dry
cleaners? How come small-busi-
ness people didn’t get help?’ If
you’re ideologically opposed to
government bailouts, nothing’s
going to change your view.”
Such attitudes may help ex-
plain why Mr. Romney renewed
his attack this week on President
Obama’s handling of the auto in-
dustry bailout. He has been an
outspoken critic of the govern-
ment’s rescue of General Motors
and Chrysler.In November 2008,
he wrote an Op-Ed column in The
New York Times arguing,“If
General Motors, Ford and Chrys-
ler get the bailout that their chief
executives asked for yesterday,
you can kiss the American auto-
motive industry goodbye.”
Mr. Romney argued this week
on “Meet the Press” that the res-
cue wasted $20 billion in taxpay-
er funds that could have been
better spent on “teachers and po-
licemen, as well as growing our
economy.” He vowed to press the
issue in his coming debates with
President Obama.
Still, Mr. Weaver said such ar-
guments appealed only to the
party faithful.He noted that in
states like Michigan, where re-
cent polls suggest the president
is ahead, and in Ohio and Missou-
ri, where local economies are im-
proving in large part thanks to
the auto industry, “Obama is go-
ing to get credit for that. Romney
should stop harping on the nega-
tives and offer a bold and detailed
plan for how he’d move the coun-
try forward.”
In Towns Helped by Obama’s G.M. Bailout, Signs of Support for Romney DILIP VISHWANAT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mayor Nick Guccione of Wentzville, Mo.,at the town’s G.M.
plant.The carmaker is building another plant nearby.
From First Business Page
Lingering mistrust of
any government
intervention. By DAVID CARR and BEN SISARIO
After five and a half years as
editor of The Village Voice, Tony
Ortega announced in a blog post
that he would be stepping down
to work on a book about Scientol-
ogy.The music editor, Maura
Johnston, took to Twitter to say
she was leaving the newspaper
as well.
Mr. Ortega said that he would
leave next week and that staff
members were available to han-
dle the transition. No successor
has been named, but Mr. Ortega
said Christine Brennan, execu-
tive managing editor of the news-
paper’s parent company, Village
Voice Media, was looking to hire
in New York — a fact he said
“should please all the writers out
That was a reference to the fact
that Mr. Ortega, who came to The
Voice from South Florida, led the
publication through several
rounds of layoffs as it confronted
the headwinds buffeting newspa-
pers of all kinds. Michael Lacey, executive edi-
tor of the newspaper chain, cred-
ited Mr. Ortega with guiding The
Voice through a tumultuous time.
“Tony Ortega did a great job
for us and managed a difficult
transition in a miserable econ-
omy,” he wrote in an e-mail.
“During that time he became the
single most informed reporter on
Scientology. No one is better po-
sitioned to write the book on that
Mr. Lacey added,“His depar-
ture creates an opening for one of
the most compelling jobs in jour-
Mr. Ortega said he was leaving
because the increased profile of
Scientology — including the re-
lease of “The Master,” a Paul
Thomas Anderson movie about a
Scientology-like sect, and a cover
article about Scientology in Van-
ity Fair —made it a good time to
shop a book on the topic. Mr. Or-
tega, who always wrote in addi-
tion to his editing duties, has pub-
lished hundreds of blog posts on
the religion in the last two years.
“I’ve been an editor in chief of
The Village Voice for five years,
and this seemed like a good time
to try something else,” he said. “I
think we did a good job of fo-
cusing the paper back on New
York stories,and I helped turn a
weekly newspaper with a Web
site into a digital enterprise.”
Ms. Johnston, the music editor,
said in an interview on Friday
that, in her case, “the decision to
leave was not mine.”
Ms. Johnston, who began her
career in music blogs, churned
out a constant stream of Twitter
messages and Tumblr posts each
day in addition to her work at
The Voice, which included editing
the paper’s music coverage and
blog items by a stable of free-
lance and staff writers.
But she also embodied The
Voice’s tradition of thoughtful
cultural criticism, and resisted
the kinds of light, easily consum-
able items,like Top 10 lists and
photo compilations,that tend to
draw the most traffic online.
Giving in to “the Darwinistic
page-view coverage of anything,”
she said, “is damaging to culture
as a whole.”
It was unclear on Friday who
would take her place. Last week,
Village Voice Media appointed
Ben Westhoff, the music editor of
LA Weekly,to oversee music cov-
erage for the company’s weekly
newspapers, and Ms. Johnston’s
dismissal was widely seen as a
result of a power struggle over
the direction of that coverage.
Village Voice Is Losing Its Editor in Chief and Music Editor
By Reuters
Stock indexes rose for a fourth
consecutive session on Friday to
close out the week at nearly five-
year highs after the Federal Re-
serve took bold action to spur the
economy, a move that could keep
equities buoyed in the coming
Shares of Apple, the largest
American company by market
value, ended at a record, and
Exxon Mobil, the second-biggest,
hit a four-year high.Apple closed
at $691.28, up $8.30, and Exxon at
$92.30, up $1.07.
The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age and the Standard & Poor’s
500-stock index each closed at
their highest levels since Decem-
ber 2007, while the Nasdaq com-
posite index ended at the highest
since November 2000. The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age rose 53.51 points, or 0.40 per-
cent, to 13,593.37. The S.& P. 500
closed up 5.78 points, or 0.40 per-
cent, to 1,465.77. The Nasdaq com-
posite index gained 28.12 points,
or 0.89 percent, to 3,183.95.
For the week, the Dow rose 2.2
percent, the S.& P. climbed 1.9
percent and the Nasdaq added 1.5
percent. The S.& P. is now just 6
percent below its record closing
high of 1,565.15 despite a rela-
tively weak economy and eco-
nomic risks around the world.
Equities are in a run-up that
has pushed the S.& P. 500 higher
for four consecutive months. The
extended advance has come
mainly from actions by the Euro-
pean Central Bank and Federal
Reserve to keep interest rates
low and stimulate their strug-
gling economies. The Fed said Thursday that it
would keep up its aggressive
bond-buying until unemployment
fell. The Fed chairman, Ben S.
Bernanke, said he wanted to see
a convincing improvement in the
economy that could deliver sus-
tainable job creation.
Mr. Bernanke’s comments are
“going to create an artificial floor
on the market, meaning that we
could see higher prices over
time,” said Paul J. Nolte, manag-
ing director at Dearborn Part-
ners in Chicago. “Any correction
that we get will be no more than a
few percentage points.”
The Fed’s balance sheet could
expand by 11 to 12 percent by the
end of the year, monetary accom-
modation that could “translate
into a move up in the S.& P. 500-
stock index to the 1,505 area,”
said Brian Jacobsen, chief port-
folio strategist at Wells Fargo
Funds Management in Menomo-
nee Falls, Wis.
Energy and material stocks led
the gains as the Fed’s move bol-
stered commodity prices. The
mining company Freeport-
McMoRan Copper & Gold rose
2.03 percent, to $42.64, and alumi-
num company Alcoa advanced
2.18 percent, to $9.84. The S.& P.’s
energy sector index rose 1.3 per-
cent and its materials sector in-
dex was up 1.2 percent.
Economic data released Friday
helped justify the Fed’s decision
to introduce a third round of bond
purchases to try to lower borrow-
ing costs and spur growth.
A jump in the cost of gasoline
pushed consumer prices up in
August at the fastest pace in
more than three years and
squeezed spending on other
items. Other data showed production
at factories, mines and utilities
fell by 1.2 percent, the biggest de-
cline since March 2009.
S.& P. Dow Jones Indexes said
UnitedHealth would replace
Kraft Foods in the 30-stock Dow
Jones industrial average after the
close of trading Sept. 21. Insur-
ance is already represented on
the Dow by Travelers though
UnitedHealth will be the only in-
surance stock with a health care
The removal of Kraft comes af-
ter the company’s plan to split it-
self into a snack company and a
North American grocery busi-
ness with the Kraft name.
Shares of UnitedHealth rose
0.67 percent, to $54.25, and Kraft
slipped 0.5 percent, to $39.93.
Shares of Staples were up 2.09
percent, to $12.21, after Fortune
magazine reported that several
private equity firms are consider-
ing a buyout offer for the retailer.
The 10-year Treasury note fell
to 97
and the yield
rose to 1.87 from 1.72 late Thurs-
day. The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
Fed Action Keeps Rally
Going for a 4th Day
A surge in equities
continues despite the
weak economy.
By Reuters
An increase in the cost of gaso-
line pushed consumer prices up
in August at the fastest pace in
more than three years and
squeezed spending on other
items, threatening to further slow
the already sluggish United
States economy.
At the same time, production at
the nation’s factories, mines and
utilities dropped by 1.2 percent,
the biggest decline since March
2009, other data on Friday
The sour mix of numbers was
tempered by an unexpected in-
crease in consumer sentiment in
early September and signs that
underlying inflation pressures re-
mained contained.
With gasoline costs increasing,
service stations chalked up
healthy receipts. A second report
from the Commerce Department
showed sales at gasoline stations
shot up 5.5 percent last month,
helping to push overall retail
sales up 0.9 percent, the biggest
gain in retail sales since Febru-
Economists said the reports
helped justify the Federal Re-
serve’s decision on Thursday to
introduce a third round of bond
purchases to try to lower borrow-
ing costs and spur growth.
“It’s very clear the economy is
soft and it doesn’t look like there
is any real underlying inflation
pressures the Fed needs to worry
about, so they are going to keep
their foot on the gas for a long
time,” said Jeremy Lawson,a
senior economist at BNP Paribas
in New York.
The Consumer Price Index in-
creased 0.6 percent last month,
the first increase in five months
and the biggest gain since June
2009, the Labor Department said.
Gasoline prices, which also rose
the most since June 2009, ac-
counted for about 80 percent of
the rise.
Sales of automobiles and build-
ing and garden equipment were
also strong, but sales elsewhere
were weak. A gauge that tracks
the consumer spending compo-
nent of the government’s gross
domestic product actually fell 0.1
That and the strong C.P.I. num-
ber left most economists antici-
pating modest gains in growth of
the G.D.P. in the third quarter af-
ter output increased at an annual
pace of 1.7 percent in the April-to-
June period, well below the 2.5
percent rate that is needed to
keep unemployment steady.
“For overall G.D.P. in third
quarter, we now see some mod-
est downside risk to our current
call for a 1.5 percent growth rate,”
said Michael Feroli,an economist
at JPMorgan in New York.
While the Consumer Price In-
dex rose sharply, the so-called
core index, which strips out vola-
tile and food and energy costs,
edged up just 0.1 percent for a
second consecutive month.
In the 12 months through Au-
gust,overall consumer prices in-
creased 1.7 percent, staying be-
low the Fed’s 2 percent target,
but advancing from July’s 1.4 per-
cent rise.
Food costs rose only margin-
ally in August, but they were ex-
pected to rise significantly later
this year as the impact of a se-
vere drought, which caused a
spike in corn and soybean prices,
worked its way through to the su-
Also Friday, data on business
inventories showed stocks of un-
sold vehicles piling up in July.
A plunge in auto production
contributed to the drop in indus-
trial output in August, although
Hurricane Isaac, which disrupted
oil refineries in the Gulf Coast,
was also a factor.
“Even though an unwinding of
these special factors will likely
buoy industrial production in
September, we do not look for
much improvement in underlying
manufacturing production trends
at this point,” said John Ryding,
chief economist at RDQ Econom-
ics in New York.
TY WRIGHT/BLOOMBERG NEWS Production at United States factories, mines and utilities dropped by 1.2 percent.
U.S. and major
metropolitan areas
Not seasonally
New York
Los Angeles
Boston*(July) Dallas*(July) Detroit* Houston* Philadelphia* San Francisco* Wash.*(July)
United States
Percentage change
from previous:
*Two-month change, calculated bimonthly, through August, except as noted. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Consumer Prices
Percentage change, month to month, seasonally adjusted.
0 0 0 00 0
+0.6 JUNE
Unch. ’12
Costs Rise at Fastest Pace in 3 Years
Australia (Dollar) 1.0545 .9483
China (Yuan) .1584 6.3145
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1290 7.7510
India (Rupee) .0184 54.3000
Japan (Yen) .0128 78.3900
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3295 3.0350
New Zealand (Dollar) .8285 1.2070
Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.4200
Philippines (Peso) .0242 41.3700
Singapore (Dollar) .8197 1.2200
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1116.6
Taiwan (Dollar) .0341 29.3480
Thailand (Baht) .0325 30.7500
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20840
Britain (Pound) 1.6213 .6168
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0539 18.5390
Denmark (Krone) .1761 5.6774
Europe (Euro) 1.3118 .7623
Hungary (Forint) .0047 214.04
Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1767.00 1777.00 1765.20 1770.10 + 0.60 23,509
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 3459.50 3474.50 3438.00 3460.30 ◊ 11.30 339
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 421.00 312.00 Oct 12 375.05 384.90 374.80 384.85 + 12.45 4,381
Nasdaq 100 2855.23 + 23.89 + 0.84 + 26.74 + 25.35
Composite 3183.95 + 28.12 + 0.89 + 23.77 + 22.22
Industrials 2606.26 + 22.52 + 0.87 + 17.31 + 20.20
Banks 1930.89 + 23.05 + 1.21 + 29.43 + 19.35
Insurance 4656.08 + 20.42 + 0.44 + 20.63 + 8.86
Other Finance 4200.03 + 33.68 + 0.81 + 21.89 + 21.89
Telecommunications 202.02 + 1.45 + 0.72 + 3.49 + 2.58
Computer 1726.88 + 17.82 + 1.04 + 27.86 + 25.25
Industrials 13593.37 + 53.51 + 0.40 + 20.87 + 11.26
Transportation 5215.97 + 13.75 + 0.26 + 13.35 + 3.91
Utilities 472.13 ◊ 3.16 ◊ 0.66 + 9.93 + 1.60
Composite 4540.19 + 7.04 + 0.16 + 16.59 + 7.28
100 Stocks 672.82 + 1.89 + 0.28 + 26.05 + 17.88
500 Stocks 1465.77 + 5.78 + 0.40 + 23.31 + 16.55
Mid-Cap 400 1026.85 + 11.50 + 1.13 + 20.07 + 16.80
Small-Cap 600 485.66 + 4.53 + 0.94 + 26.24 + 17.01
+ 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
+ 5%
Nasdaq Composite
+ 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3,183.95 +28.12
1.87% +0.15
$99.33 +$0.70
$1,769.80 +$0.70
$1.3118 +$0.0129
13,593.37 +53.51
1,465.77 +5.78
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
NYSE Comp. 8458.88 + 51.85 + 0.62 + 17.50 + 13.13
Tech/Media/Telecom 6270.41 + 14.11 + 0.23 + 17.42 + 14.32
Energy 13415.04 + 178.12 + 1.35 + 15.03 + 8.10
Financial 4951.92 + 50.47 + 1.03 + 23.86 + 21.88
Healthcare 7803.40 ◊ 48.79 ◊ 0.62 + 18.25 + 10.76
American Exch 2468.77 + 0.79 + 0.03 + 11.24 + 8.36
Wilshire 5000 15354.15 + 87.00 + 0.57 + 22.40 + 16.41
Value Line Arith 3159.70 + 33.28 + 1.06 + 21.82 + 17.22
Russell 2000 864.70 + 8.58 + 1.00 + 22.81 + 16.71
Phila Gold & Silver 191.97 + 5.34 + 2.86 ◊ 10.63 + 6.27
Phila Semiconductor 406.58 + 4.79 + 1.19 + 8.21 + 11.56
KBW Bank 51.64 + 0.62 + 1.22 + 35.97 + 31.13
Phila Oil Service 240.88 + 4.09 + 1.73 + 2.94 + 11.37
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.93 3.36
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.35 4.04
30-yr fixed 3.52 4.18
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.17 4.77
5/1 adj. rate 2.95 2.98
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.84 3.18
1-year adj. rate 4.82 2.97
$75K line good credit* 4.23 4.33% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.22 4.25
$75K loan good credit* 5.30 5.71
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.22 5.48
Home Equity
36-mo. used car 3.64 4.70% %
60-mo. new car 2.95 4.44
uto Loan Rates
Money-market 0.50 0.56% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.52 0.64
6-month CD 0.47 0.53
1-year CD 0.73 0.83
2-year CD 0.86 0.98
5-year IRA CD 1.43 1.78
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
Months Years
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
ield Curve
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5533 3967 1356 210
Advances 2557 1637 787 133
Declines 2676 2177 433 66
Unchanged 146 48 91 7
52 Week High 591 273 277 41
52 Week Low 77 59 18 0
Dollar Volume
20,173 12,950 6,177 1,045
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Bank of America (bac) 3.875 Mar ‘17 baa2 a 107.592 107.120 107.316 0.274 2.163
Goldman Sachs Group (gs.Aeh) 5.750 Jan ‘22 a3 a 116.413 113.932 115.216 0.183 3.800
Citigroup (c) 4.450 Jan ‘17 baa2 a 110.553 108.500 109.694 1.298 2.085
Aflac (afl) 2.650 Feb ‘17 a3 a– 105.600 105.024 105.182 –0.183 1.432
General Electric Cap Medium Term (ge) 2.300 Apr ‘17 a1 103.398 102.599 103.120 –0.028 1.595
Shell Intl Fin BV (rds.Gj) 1.875 Mar ‘13 aa1 aa 100.863 100.785 100.848 0.060 0.232
Morgan Stanley (ms.Hyx) 5.750 Jan ‘21 baa1 a 109.576 106.920 109.240 1.448 4.414
JPMorgan Chase & Co (jpm) 2.000 Aug ‘17 a2 a+ 102.750 101.046 101.046 –0.162 1.776
Morgan Stanley (ms) 6.375 Jul ‘42 baa1 a 112.658 106.750 109.500 1.560 5.708
Wal-Mart Stores (wmt.ab) 5.625 Apr ‘41 Aa2 AA 128.533 127.178 128.106 –1.310 3.971
Istar Finl (sfi) 8.625 Jun ‘13 caa1 b– 103.375 103.250 103.250 –0.050 3.860
Reynolds Group Issuer llc (rygr) 7.125 Apr ‘19 ba3 107.500 106.500 106.500 –0.600 5.327
Harrahs Oper (mlet) 10.000 Dec ‘18 n.A. Cc 71.250 70.250 71.250 2.250 17.800
Exco Res (xco.Ab) 7.500 Sep ‘18 b3 98.175 93.750 95.750 1.500 8.418
Sprint Nextel (s.Hm) 6.000 Dec ‘16 b3 b+ 106.543 103.950 105.750 0.750 4.481
ATP Oil & Gas (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 wr 26.341 24.000 25.000 0.250 N.A.
Revlon Consumer Prods (mcfh) 9.750 Nov ‘15 b2 106.125 105.875 106.125 0.875 1.566
MGM Resorts Intl (mgm) 9.000 Mar ‘20 ba2 bb– 112.750 112.250 112.500 0.040 3.300
Reynolds Group Issuer llc (rygr) 7.875 Aug ‘19 b1 110.907 109.250 109.250 –1.562 5.642
NRG Energy (nrg.Hc) 7.625 Jan ‘18 b1 bb 112.200 108.500 112.000 3.750 5.025
AMR Del (aamr) 6.250 Oct ‘14 n.A. C 69.375 68.250 68.500 0.500 N.A.
Gilead Sciences (gild.Gh) 0.625 May ‘13 n.A. N.A. 164.189 158.880 163.125 5.375 –65.092
Medtronic (mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 a1 n.A. 100.980 100.500 100.900 0.040 0.052
Cemex SAB de CV (cx.Gr) 4.875 Mar ‘15 n.A. 100.699 98.589 98.589 –1.661 5.489
Moly Del (mcp) 3.250 Jun ‘16 n.A. 69.750 69.250 69.250 0.000 14.109
Liberty Media (lbty) 4.000 Nov ‘29 b3 bb 62.800 58.977 62.210 –0.590 8.119
Amgen (amgn.Gn) 0.375 Feb ‘13 baa1 bbb 110.250 108.980 108.980 –2.070 –22.119
Massey Energy Co (anr) 3.250 Aug ‘15 n.A. 92.500 90.500 91.000 0.125 6.754
PHH (phh.Gj) 4.000 Sep ‘14 n.A. Bb 107.122 106.872 106.872 2.812 0.456
Medicis Pharmaceutical (mrx) 1.375 Jun ‘17 n.A. 107.970 103.050 107.900 –0.050 –0.293
high yield +6.51%
invest. grade +3.39%
– 5
+ 5
52-week Total Returns
high yield +13.88%
invest. grade +8.96%
Source: Bloomberg
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
July ’12 %+9.3
June ’12 +7.0
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
July ’12 %+4.2
June ’12 +4.3
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
July ’12 –42.0
June ’12 –41.9
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
July ’12 6.4
June ’12 6.5
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
ug. ’12 49.6
July ’12 49.8
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
Dec 12 ◊ ◊ 0.10 0.10 +0.00 0.10
Mar 13 ◊ ◊ 0.13 0.12 +0.00 0.13
Apr 17 [ 108-22 108-26 +0-13 -1.69
Jul 22 [ 109-01 109-08 +0-02 -0.76
Jan 29 2ø 142-15 143-01 +0-03 -0.08
Feb 42 } 108-19 109-12 –0-09 0.44
Aug 14 ü ◊ 99.99 100.00 –0.03 0.25
Aug 17 | ◊ 99.55 99.55 –0.34 0.72
Aug 22 1| ◊ 97.80 97.81 –1.31 1.87
Aug 42 2} ◊ 93.36 93.44 –3.09 3.09
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
Bank of Am (BAC) 9.55 +0.15 +1.6 3277188
Facebook I (FB) 22.00 +1.29 +6.2 723461
Citigroup (C) 34.79 +0.34 +1.0 590421
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 23.80 ◊0.45 ◊1.9 584855
Ford Motor (F) 10.53 +0.19 +1.8 555714
Sprint Nex (S) 5.26 +0.06 +1.2 552153
General El (GE) 22.11 +0.09 +0.4 527490
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.47 0.00 ◊0.2 511266
Microsoft (MSFT) 31.21 +0.28 +0.9 493792
Intel Corp (INTC) 23.37 +0.01 +0.1 474645
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 19.49 +0.13 +0.7 457479
American I (AIG) 35.02 +0.58 +1.7 432165
JPMorgan C (JPM) 41.57 +0.17 +0.4 415947
Wells Farg (WFC) 36.13 +0.58 +1.6 415496
Alpha Natu (ANR) 8.55 +0.32 +3.9 407837
AT&T Inc (T) 37.26 ◊0.89 ◊2.3 407207
Tenet Heal (THC) 5.76 +0.39 +7.3 394805
Staples In (SPLS) 12.21 +0.25 +2.1 377980
Morgan Sta (MS) 18.24 +0.34 +1.9 356791
Freeport-M (FCX) 42.64 +0.85 +2.0 332307
BioFuel En (BIOF) 8.98 +2.57 +40.1 30139
Analogic C (ALOG) 80.44 +11.25 +16.3 10065
OfficeMax (OMX) 8.15 +1.04 +14.6 60084
Renewable (REGI) 6.11 +0.70 +12.9 3890
Fossil Inc (FOSL) 93.60 +9.60 +11.4 23053
On Assignm (ASGN) 19.09 +1.90 +11.1 31650
Groupon In (GRPN) 5.27 +0.51 +10.7 194979
NN Inc (NNBR) 8.92 +0.81 +10.0 1680
Kayak Soft (KYAK) 32.92 +2.97 +9.9 1658
Skullcandy (SKUL) 13.09 +1.17 +9.8 16881
Yelp Inc (YELP) 26.18 +2.23 +9.3 17092
Move Inc (MOVE) 8.99 +0.76 +9.2 4427
KiOR Inc (KIOR) 8.44 +0.69 +8.9 2279
First Sola (FSLR) 24.61
+2.01 +8.9 100647
MakeMyTrip (MMYT) 16.97 +1.37 +8.8 1104
Union Dril (UDRL) 5.47 +0.44 +8.7 571
Tecumseh P (TECUB) 6.47 +0.52 +8.7 121
Accretive (AH) 12.45 +0.97 +8.4 21735
Stillwater (SWC) 13.91 +1.06 +8.2 53958
Oshkosh Co (OSK) 29.76 +2.26 +8.2 14104
Golden Min (AUMN) 5.86 ◊1.16 ◊16.5 46107
Spirit Air (SAVE) 16.58 ◊3.08 ◊15.7 51271
First Unit (FUNC) 6.12 ◊0.68 ◊9.9 6
AK Steel H (AKS) 5.87 ◊0.57 ◊8.9 218690
Swift Tran (SWFT) 8.27 ◊0.73 ◊8.1 23525
Rit Techno (RITT) 5.92 ◊0.50 ◊7.9 993
Werner Ent (WERN) 21.93 ◊1.74 ◊7.4 35093
RealPage I (RP) 24.13 ◊1.88 ◊7.2 14749
FX Energy (FXEN) 7.92 ◊0.60 ◊7.0 9884
Coffee Hol (JVA) 7.72 ◊0.57 ◊6.9 11314
Carolina B (CLBH) 6.58 ◊0.48 ◊6.8 121
Digital Ci (DCIN) 5.50 ◊0.40 ◊6.8 13
US Airways (LCC) 10.53 ◊0.72 ◊6.4 134322
Global-Tec (GAI) 6.12 ◊0.40 ◊6.1 6
Celadon Gr (CGI) 16.65 ◊1.04 ◊5.9 2738
Reed’s Inc (REED) 6.13 ◊0.37 ◊5.7 1951
Saia Inc (SAIA) 20.86 ◊1.23 ◊5.6 2593
Inteliquen (IQNT) 10.57 ◊0.59 ◊5.3 2173
Knight Tra (KNX) 14.53 ◊0.81 ◊5.3 18002
Peoples Fi (PFBX) 9.51 ◊0.49 ◊4.9 66
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
Norway (Krone) .1760 5.6831
Poland (Zloty) .3237 3.0895
Russia (Ruble) .0328 30.4890
Sweden (Krona) .1526 6.5519
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0789 .9269
Turkey (Lira) .5572 1.7947
Argentina (Peso) .2141 4.6700
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4972 2.0113
Canada (Dollar) 1.0293 .9715
Chile (Peso) .0021 470.05
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1793.2
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0255 39.2000
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1253 7.9810
Honduras (Lempira) .0510 19.6050
Mexico (Peso) .0787 12.7108
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0421 23.7806
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4395.0
Peru (New Sol) .3851 2.5970
Uruguay (New Peso) .0474 21.1000
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6529 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1641 6.0950
Iran (Rial) .0001 12215
Israel (Shekel) .2573 3.8863
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4144 .7070
Kenya (Shilling) .0119 84.3000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5716 .2800
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.55 121.90 Dec 12 130.23 130.40 129.55 129.93 ◊ 0.42 121,709
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 86.00 70.05 Dec 12 72.33 73.95 71.90 73.90 + 1.53 96,108
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2627.00 2674.00 2617.00 2642.00 + 29.00 106,811
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 179.55 183.70 179.55 181.10 + 2.25 86,261
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 25.39 14.70 Feb 13 20.46 21.00 20.44 20.77 + 0.34 292,521
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 773.75 789.50 772.50 782.00 + 8.25 680,137
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1789.00 914.00 Nov 12 1746.50 1765.75 1737.50 1739.00 ◊ 8.25 355,507
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 901.25 931.00 898.75 924.25 + 22.25 262,529
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 112.21 73.14 Oct 12 98.29 100.73 98.29 99.33 + 0.70 288,554
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.34 2.23 Sep 12 3.21 3.26 3.20 3.24 + 0.03 85,068
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 3.16 3.19 3.05 3.08 ◊ 0.08 250,905
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.85 euros
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7621
Crude Oil
$99.33 a barrel
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.40
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1222 8.1850
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6729
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
or ·
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 68.63 94.30 93.98 + 1.92 + 18.30 + 15.0
Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.96 69.27 68.27 ◊ 1.00 + 34.07 + 21.4
Accenture (ACN) 49.43 66.75 65.89 + 0.09 + 28.52 + 23.8
Allstate C (ALL) 22.27 39.90 39.86 + 0.43 + 60.08 + 45.4
Altria Gro (MO) 25.27 36.29 32.94 ◊ 0.87 + 24.07 + 11.1
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 264.11 261.27 + 1.03 + 17.39 + 50.9
American E (AEP) 35.85 43.96 43.66 ◊ 0.30 + 16.55 + 5.7
American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 59.27 + 0.22 + 20.98 + 25.7
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 52.85 85.28 81.36 ◊ 1.96 + 47.23 + 26.7
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 75.59 + 1.50 + 4.81 ◊ 1.0
Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 92.48 0.00 ◊ 2.04 + 2.1
Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 696.98 691.28 + 8.30 + 77.57 + 70.7
AT&T Inc (T) 27.41 38.28 37.26 ◊ 0.89 + 31.85 + 23.2
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 50.04 + 1.08 ◊ 13.72 + 2.9
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 9.55 + 0.15 + 35.46 + 71.8
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.95 23.62 + 0.17 + 13.61 + 18.6
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 61.21 60.48 ◊ 0.29 + 9.76 + 22.2
Berkshire (BRKb) 65.35 89.23 88.70 + 0.14 + 27.79 + 16.3
Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 71.28 ◊ 0.30 + 13.09 ◊ 2.8
Bristol-My (BMY) 29.66 36.34 33.24 ◊ 0.47 + 12.18 ◊ 5.7
Capital On (COF) 36.33 59.74 59.37 + 0.39 + 36.42 + 40.4
Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 93.17 + 2.49 + 9.03 + 2.8
Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 118.22 117.25 + 0.69 + 20.49 + 10.2
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.93 21.30 19.49 + 0.13 + 19.35 + 7.8
Citigroup (C) 21.40 38.40 34.79 + 0.34 + 27.02 + 32.2
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 31.67 40.66 38.12 ◊ 0.23 + 9.27 + 9.0
Colgate-Pa (CL) 85.73 109.84 103.75 ◊ 0.79 + 13.52 + 12.3
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.72 35.45 35.30 + 0.05 + 60.60 + 48.9
ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 58.21 + 0.56 + 15.75 + 4.8
Costco Who (COST) 78.41 102.89 102.18 ◊ 0.56 + 24.77 + 22.6
CVS Carema (CVS) 32.28 48.69 46.97 ◊ 0.48 + 28.09 + 15.2
”Dell Inc (DELL) 10.48 18.36 10.83 + 0.20 ◊ 27.12 ◊ 26.0
Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 63.49 + 1.30 ◊ 1.93 + 2.4
”Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 32.25 + 0.82 + 19.84 + 12.1
”E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 52.24 + 1.11 + 14.76 + 14.1
”eBay Inc (EBAY) 27.41 50.64 49.97 + 1.10 + 65.79 + 64.8
Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.46 47.26 46.72 ◊ 0.43 + 25.69 + 12.4
”EMC Corp (EMC) 19.99 30.00 27.86 + 0.34 + 26.46 + 29.3
Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 49.81 ◊ 0.16 + 10.69 + 6.9
”Exelon Cor (EXC) 34.54 45.45 35.94 + 0.37 ◊ 14.75 ◊ 17.1
Exxon Mobil (XOM) 67.93 92.40 92.30 + 1.07 + 27.06 + 8.9
FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 90.15 ◊ 0.21 + 18.60 + 8.0
”Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.53 + 0.19 + 2.03 ◊ 2.1
”Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 42.64 + 0.85 + 2.23 + 15.9
General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 66.78 + 0.66 + 11.56 + 0.6
General El (GE) 14.02 22.37 22.11 + 0.09 + 40.03 + 23.5
”Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 62.66 62.02 + 1.78 + 57.49 + 51.5
”Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 121.36 + 0.69 + 16.09 + 34.2
Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 713.00 709.68 + 3.64 + 33.38 + 9.9
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 58.31 56.20 ◊ 0.48 + 10.33 + 4.0
”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 40.60 37.44 + 1.00 ◊ 4.88 + 8.5
”Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 16.77 30.00 18.17 ◊ 0.07 ◊ 20.76 ◊ 29.5
Home Depot (HD) 31.03 59.71 59.46 + 1.16 + 77.28 + 41.4
Honeywell (HON) 41.22 62.00 61.02 ◊ 0.10 + 34.38 + 12.3
Intel Corp (INTC) 20.40 29.27 23.37 + 0.02 + 10.68 ◊ 3.6
Internatio (IBM) 165.76 210.69 206.81 + 0.45 + 23.66 + 12.5
Johnson & (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 68.47 ◊ 0.52 + 7.44 + 4.4
”JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 41.57 + 0.17 + 26.74 + 25.0
”Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 42.44 39.93
◊ 0.20 + 15.64 + 6.9
Lockheed M (LMT) 70.37 93.99 92.52 ◊ 0.61 + 25.74 + 14.4
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.53 32.29 29.40 + 0.38 + 50.15 + 15.8
MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 454.18 ◊ 1.08 + 34.68 + 21.8
McDonald’s (MCD) 83.74 102.22 91.70 + 0.13 + 5.71 ◊ 8.6
Medtronic (MDT) 31.06 43.05 43.05 + 0.75 + 25.55 + 12.5
Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.17 43.62 ◊ 1.04 + 35.80 + 15.7
”Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 36.25 + 0.79 + 16.22 + 16.3
Microsoft (MSFT) 24.26 32.95 31.21 + 0.28 + 17.77 + 20.2
Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 90.12 88.97 ◊ 0.93 + 28.07 + 27.0
”Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 18.24 + 0.34 + 17.83 + 20.6
National O (NOV) 47.97 87.72 84.83 + 0.44 + 30.87 + 24.8
”News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 24.80 24.67 + 0.31 + 52.28 + 38.3
”Nike Inc (NKE) 81.01 114.81 96.64 ◊ 2.56 + 10.46 + 0.3
Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 74.69 + 0.16 + 9.36 + 2.5
Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 91.95 + 1.49 + 11.01 ◊ 1.9
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 32.95 + 0.33 + 17.05 + 28.5
PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 73.66 70.46 ◊ 0.42 + 14.42 + 6.2
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.48 23.80 ◊ 0.45 + 29.28 + 10.0
”Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.60 89.48 ◊ 0.67 + 32.39 + 14.0
Procter & (PG) 59.07 69.22 69.16 + 0.25 + 10.94 + 3.7
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 46.40 68.87 64.88 + 1.03 + 22.25 + 18.6
Raytheon C (RTN) 38.35 58.68 57.81 ◊ 0.59 + 40.76 + 19.5
Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 80.78 77.60 + 1.93 + 6.40 + 13.6
Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 163.75 162.70 + 1.04 + 39.66 + 26.2
Southern C (SO) 41.00 48.59 45.05 ◊ 0.87 + 7.93 ◊ 2.7
”Starbucks (SBUX) 35.12 62.00 50.46 ◊ 1.26 + 30.89 + 9.7
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 65.10 64.67 ◊ 0.39 + 26.11 + 26.3
Texas Inst (TXN) 25.78 34.24 29.56 + 0.66 + 8.40 + 1.5
Time Warne (TWX) 28.26 45.07 44.71 + 0.38 + 49.48 + 23.7
U.S. Banco (USB) 21.84 35.15 34.93 + 0.06 + 48.58 + 29.1
Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 129.27 128.43 + 1.96 + 44.69 + 21.2
United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 73.68 ◊ 1.05 + 11.37 + 0.7
United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 82.45 + 1.92 + 11.90 + 12.8
”UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 54.25 + 0.36 + 11.44 + 7.0
Verizon Co (VZ) 35.06 46.41 44.53 ◊ 1.05 + 25.08 + 11.0
Visa Inc (V) 81.71 136.65 134.25 ◊ 0.73 + 49.87 + 32.2
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 49.94 75.24 74.50 ◊ 0.64 + 42.72 + 24.7
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.61 36.02 0.00 ◊ 1.72 + 9.0
Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 52.75 52.35 ◊ 0.25 + 62.12 + 39.6
Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 36.60 36.13 + 0.58 + 46.33 + 31.1
Williams C (WMB) 17.88 35.39 35.10 + 0.41 + 59.02 + 30.2
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes:
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
+13.6 +14.2 +2.8 383 383 370 PIMCO Commodity Real Ret Strat Instl (PCRIX) BB +14.6 +1.6 +3.4 0.74 15,248
Vanguard Health Care Adm (VGHAX) SH +13.8 +18.9 +5.8 0.30 14,264
Vanguard REIT Index Adm (VGSLX) SR +20.6 +27.9 +4.5 0.10 6,635
PIMCO Emerging Markets Currency Instl (PLMIX) CR +7.7 +2.8 +4.0 0.85 6,510
Vanguard Energy Adm (VGELX) EE +9.0 +12.6 +1.4 0.28 6,488
Cohen & Steers Realty Shares (CSRSX) SR +19.1 +25.3 +4.5 1.01 4,937
Merger (MERFX) NE +2.7 +4.8 +2.1 1.29 4,813
T. Rowe Price Health Sciences (PRHSX) SH +33.3 +40.2 +11.6 0.80 4,775
T. Rowe Price New Era (PRNEX) SN +9.0 +3.6 ◊1.6 0.68 4,383
Hussman Strategic Growth (HSGFX) LO ◊13.4 ◊15.7 ◊4.3 1.05 4,318
Absolute Strategies I (ASFIX) GY +1.1 +2.2 +2.4 1.73 4,202
DFA Real Estate Securities I (DFREX) SR +20.3 +27.5 +3.8 0.27 3,792
Fidelity Real Estate Investment (FRESX) SR +21.5 +29.4 +4.4 0.85 3,736
T. Rowe Price Real Estate (TRREX) SR +20.9 +27.3 +3.7 0.79 3,528
Fidelity Select Gold (FSAGX) SP +2.5 ◊16.6 +8.1 0.89 3,160
Nuveen Real Estate Secs I (FARCX) SR +21.0 +28.1 +6.0 1.02 3,079
Vanguard Precious Metals & Mining Inv (VGPMX) SP ◊6.7 ◊23.8 ◊2.6 0.29 3,041
Franklin Utilities A (FKUTX) SU +7.0 +17.6 +4.6 0.74 3,028
Columbia Seligman Comms & Info A (SLMCX) ST +15.2 +18.1 +5.7 1.34 2,640
MFS Utilities A (MMUFX) SU +11.9 +16.3 +4.1 1.02 2,592
Prudential Jennison Utility A (PRUAX) SU +11.9 +18.6 * 0.89 2,480
Fidelity Select Biotechnology (FBIOX) SH +38.7 +52.0 +11.6 0.83 2,391
Cohen & Steers Instl Realty Shares (CSRIX) SR +19.3 +25.4 +4.7 0.75 2,357
Fidelity Select Biotechnology (FBIOX) SH +38.7 +52.0 +11.6 0.83 2,391
Fidelity Advisor Biotechnology A (FBTAX) SH +38.9 +52.0 +11.3 1.37 73
Fidelity Select Construction & Housing (FSHOX) MR +31.4 +49.9 +6.0 0.96 249
Rydex Biotechnology Inv (RYOIX) SH +41.3 +49.8 +12.8 1.36 149
Franklin Biotechnology Discovery A (FBDIX) SH +35.7 +47.9 +10.3 1.26 483
Fidelity Select Banking (FSRBX) SF +28.2 +42.0 ◊5.6 0.87 472
PIMCO Real Estate Real Return Strat I (PRRSX) SR +30.5 +40.9 +11.9 0.74 1,697
T. Rowe Price Health Sciences (PRHSX) SH +33.3 +40.2 +11.6 0.80 4,775
VALIC Company I Health Sciences (VCHSX) SH +33.2 +40.0 +10.9 1.16 300
Prudential Jennison Health Sciences Z (PHSZX) SH +30.0 +39.8 +11.5 0.91 338
Fidelity Select Multimedia (FBMPX) SC +30.7 +39.6 +7.9 0.90 321
JHancock Regional Bank A (FRBAX) SF +27.2 +39.3 ◊2.3 1.39 530
Rydex Dyn Inverse NASDAQ-100 2X Strat (RYVNX) BM ◊41.4 ◊46.7 ◊31.1 1.84 51
Rydex Inverse S&P 500 2x Strategy H (RYTPX) BM ◊32.0 ◊44.3 ◊21.1 1.81 73
Grizzly Short (GRZZX) BM ◊22.9 ◊29.4 ◊10.6 1.51 178
Comstock Capital Value A (DRCVX) BM ◊21.7 ◊27.9 ◊8.5 1.64 95
Rydex Inverse S&P 500 Strategy Inv (RYURX) BM ◊17.2 ◊24.2 ◊8.0 1.41 136
Vanguard Precious Metals & Mining Inv (VGPMX) SP ◊6.7 ◊23.8 ◊2.6 0.29 3,041
Federated Prudent Bear C (PBRCX) BM ◊16.1 ◊23.6 ◊6.0 2.49 115
Oppenheimer Gold & Special Minerals B (OGMBX) SP +5.2 ◊21.3 +7.6 1.97 100
Franklin Gold and Precious Metals C (FRGOX) SP ◊2.1 ◊20.3 +7.6 1.68 368
USAA Precious Metals and Minerals (USAGX) SP +1.9 ◊20.2 +10.3 1.17 1,673
U.S. Global Investors Wld Prec Minerals (UNWPX) SP +1.3 ◊18.3 +1.0 1.38 348
PIMCO StocksPLUS TR Short Strat P (PSPLX) BM ◊10.1 ◊17.1 NA 0.74 82
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source:
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: 13-Managed Futures. AA
-Commodities Agriculture. BB
-Commodities Broad Basket. BM
-Bear Market. CD
-Consumer Cyclical. CC
-Consumer Defensive. CE
Commodities Energy. CM
-Commodities Miscellaneous. CP
-Commodities Precious Metals. CR
-Currency. EE
-Industrials. GY
-Multialternative. IC
-Trading-Inverse Commodities. ID
-Equity Energy. IE
-Trading-Inverse Equity. IM
-Commodities Industrial Metal. IS
-Trading-Miscellaneous. LC
-Trading-Leveraged Commodities. LE
Trading-Leveraged Equity. LO
-Long-Short. MR
-Miscellaneous Sector. ND
-Trading-Inverse Debt. NE
-Market Neutral. SC
-Communication. SF
-Financial. SH
-Health. SN
-Natural Resources. SP
-Equity Precious Metals. SR
-Real Estate. ST
-Technology. SU
-Utilities. VD
-Trading-Leveraged Debt. VO
-Volatility. NA
-Not Available. YTD
Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
TORONTO — The Toronto International Film Festival is
where towering achievement meets buckets of blood, where
the cinematic highbrow jostles alongside the middle and low-
er realms for 11 crammed, ecstatic, enervating days and
nights. The essential industry event of the fall, now in its 37th
year, it is the promised land for distributors look-
ing for product, producers hunting for money and
journalists looking for the next big films and
faces. Despite the red carpet events and what
feels like a tighter embrace of the mainstream,
the festival continues to feel appreciably less
glamorous than Cannes. It’s homier, more re-
laxed, which is why you may end up seated near David Gef-
fen at dinner one night or find yourself waiting for vegetarian
takeout alongside Paul Dano and Zoe Kazan.
Indispensable, and overwhelming. One reason is its scale
— this year the festival pulled together 289 features and 83
shorts from 72 countries — which has always made it difficult
to get a firm handle on the event. And, unlike Cannes and Ber-
lin, Toronto doesn’t have a competition (or an accompanying
sales market), which effectively means that it lacks a recog-
nizable center, a group of films designated as so essential that
they’re eligible for the highest honor. Instead, the festival or-
ganizes its bounty into sections and under rubrics that seem
both obvious (Contemporary World Cinema) and meaning-
less (Mavericks, Discovery, Vanguard). With so many
choices and so little guidance, it can be hard to know which is
the right movie to see until you’re sitting in the wrong one.
Despite this embarrassment of riches, as well as its star-
gazing tendencies, Toronto remains a festival that makes
room for gloriously, defiantly off-Hollywood work. Some of its
consistently most exciting offerings, for instance, continue to
be found in Wavelengths. Although this loyally attended sec-
tion now includes fiction and documentary features, it largely CHRISTIAN SCHULZ
Top, Nina Hoss as an East German doctor in Christian
Petzold’s “Barbara,” and, above, Han Jong Sim in “Comrade
Kim Goes Flying,” made in North Korea with Western funds.
Movie Frenzy,
But Still
Comfy, Eh?
NOTEBOOK Continued on Page 5
A Columbia graduate student
and his adviser have authenticat-
ed the student’s discovery of an
unknown manuscript of a 1941
novel by Claude McKay, a leading
Harlem Renaissance writer and
author of the first novel by a
black American to become a best
seller. The manuscript, “Amiable
With Big Teeth: A Novel of the
Love Affair Between the Commu-
nists and the Poor Black Sheep of
Harlem,” was discovered in a
previously untouched university
archive and offers an unusual
window on the ideas and events
(like Mussoli-
ni’s invasion of
Ethiopia) that
animated Har-
lem on the cusp
of World War II.
The two schol-
ars have re-
ceived permis-
sion from the
McKay estate
to publish the
novel, a satire
set in 1936, with
an introduction
about how it
was found and
its provenance verified. McKay, a Jamaican-born writ-
er and political activist who died
in 1948, at 58 (though some biog-
raphies say 57), influenced a gen-
eration of black writers, including
Langston Hughes. His work in-
cludes the 1919 protest poem “If
We Must Die,” (quoted by Win-
ston Churchill) and “Harlem
Shadows,” a 1922 poetry collec-
tion that some critics say ushered
in the Harlem Renaissance. He
also wrote the 1928 best-selling
novel “Home to Harlem.” But his
last published fiction during his
lifetime was the 1933 novel “Ba-
nana Bottom.”
“This is a major discovery,”
said Henry Louis Gates Jr., the New Novel
Of Harlem
Is Found
The author
McKay in the 1920s.
Continued on Page 2
Animal Planet, whose schedule
of shows includes fluff like “Call of
the Wildman” and scare fare like
“Man-Eating Super Croc,” isn’t
anyone’s first choice for serious
nature programs.
On Sunday, though,
it proves that it can
still work that terri-
tory with an odd,
fascinating special
that stars a dead
The title, “Eating Giants: Hip-
po,” isn’t exactly welcoming, but
the program reaps surprising re-
wards from the simple idea of us-
ing cameras operated remotely to
observe what happens to the car-
cass of a hippopotamus beside the
Luangwa River in Zambia.It is,
we’re told, a two-million-calorie
feast waiting for guests. And soon
they come crawling, pecking,
gnawing and crunching.
Once,wildlife footage from Af-
rica was all about the hunt. What
television viewers of a certain age
don’t have an image stuck in their
heads of a big cat chasing a wilde-
beest,courtesy of the original
“Mutual of Omaha’s Wild King-
dom”?But the researchers who
plant themselves in a tent 200
yards from the hippo carcass are-
n’t interested in the kill (this rogue
animal was shot by wildlife offi-
cials); they’re studying how a
three-and-a-half-ton resource is
distributed through the ecosystem.
For a time, it looks as if it won’t
be distributed at all. Not many ani-
mals can bite through two-inch-
thick hippopotamus hide. A lion
tries to nibble, and vultures poke,
but for a long stretch the carcass
remains basically intact, which
makes possible this enticing bit of
narration: “Bloated by decomposi-
tion gases, it could explode if noth-
ing punctures its skin.”
Alas, we get no exploding-hippo ANIMAL PLANET
Eating Giants: Hippo
is on Animal Planet, Sunday night at 10, Eastern and Pacific times; 9, Central time.
GENZLINGER Great Drama, but the Star’s a Bit Stiff
Continued on Page 2
No more arpeggios in the bathroom.
Goodbye, church basements. Hello,
Opera America, a service organization
for opera companies, is opening a new
National Opera Center in Manhattan
filled with rooms for auditions, rehears-
als and lessons. Opera company officials
say it will be a major boon for singers and
for the regional ensembles that troop
through New York every year to audition
them, often in less than ideal circum-
The center will also offer a rich library
of scores (many donated by the conduc-
tor Julius Rudel), books (likewise, by the
set designer John Conklin) and video and
audio recordings. It will present semi-
nars, public conversations and perform-
ances, including concerts of 47 songs
commissioned in honor of the center’s
opening. A recording studio is available
for young singers to make audition CDs
and DVDs.
The center is the latest addition in a
mini-surge of new spaces in New York
available for performers. They include
the nearby DiMenna Center, which be-
gan operations last year, and the Original
Music Workshop in the Williamsburg
neighborhood of Brooklyn, which is
scheduled to open late next year.
The opera center is expected to play a
crucial role in the operatic biosphere,
which depends on a steady supply of
young singers, many of whom regularly
display their wares for regional casting
officials in New York.
The center, located in a former fur dis-
trict building at Seventh Avenue and 29th
ANewOpera Center,for Practicing as Well as Performing
Continued on Page 5
If you listen closely at the subtly startling new exhi-
bition at the Jewish Museum, “Crossing Borders:
Manuscripts From the Bodleian Libraries,” you can
hear manuscripts murmuring across millenniums. Some defer to others: they are commenting on sa-
cred texts. Some supplant others: sacred
texts of one faith argue against those of an-
other. But,as presented here, many also
engage in unexpected dialogues, emula-
tions, even dissections. Scripts imitate one
another, even if they are in different lan-
guages; images and designs recur in
manuscripts from different conceptual worlds. Some
texts remain unflustered while everything changes
around them. And all of this takes place among just 52
works, some of which are astonishingly ancient, many
of which are beautifully illuminated, and most of which
are written in Hebrew. It would be a challenge just to give individual items
the attention they demand, let alone attend to their in-
teractions: a third-century fragment of papyrus with
Philo of Alexandria’s interpretation of scripture; a fifth-
century codex of the Four Gospels written in the ancient
Aramaic dialect Syriac; a 12th-century autograph
manuscript of legal commentary written in Arabic by
the Jewish scholar Maimonides using Hebrew letters; a EDWARD
REVIEW What Books Said
To One Another
Crossing Borders
A 15th-century book showing the Virgin
riding a unicorn in this show at the Jewish Museum.
Continued on Page 7
footage. We do get some imagery
that will leave half of the viewing
audience pretty darn uncomfort-
able. Crocodiles are drawn to the
carcass, and we see that their
powerful jaws aren’t versatile
enough to rip the hide. The croco-
diles do, however, find a vulnera-
ble spot in the animal, which was
male. You can guess the rest,
though in this sometimes hard-
to-watch program,you also get to
see it.
Hyenas finish the get-this-par-
ty-started job, and after that it’s
an open buffet. The human ob-
servers, often specialists in a par-
ticular species, explain the be-
haviors and instincts on display
to augment the footage, which in-
cludes some startling scenes,
many occurring after dark and
not something people would have
been able to witness before the
advent of night-vision cameras. Crocodiles show up,not just in
twos and threes but in a swarm,
dozens converging on the meal.
And several times, one species
that has settled in to dine sponta-
neously scatters,because a more
dominant species makes its pres-
ence known, proving dramatical-
ly that hierarchy trumps hunger. The program also takes a de-
tour to a dead water buffalo,
which is nearby and might ex-
plain why the local lions haven’t
shown more interest in the hip-
po. A cameraman has a little fun
by putting small cameras inside
the carcass to get a carrion-eye
view of scavengers at work. It’s
not always clear what the re-
searchers hope to learn from all
this, but you have to admire their
commitment. An entomologist
named Sarah Beynon attaches
transmitters to beetles using
eyelash glue,hoping to track
their movements and role in
making the carcass disappear.
“If I’m completely honest, I’m
not quite sure if it’s going to
work,” she says. “I don’t know
whether the transmitters are go-
ing to stay on the insects. I don’t
know whether we’re going to be
able to find the insects again
with the transmitters on. But you
can only find this out by doing it.”
That’s the spirit. This ghoulish
side of scientific inquiry will be
on display again in October, the
network says, with an unfortu-
nate elephant in the lead role.
By the river, an all-you-can-eat buffet: crocodiles chow down in “Eating Giants: Hippo.” An elephant is on the menu next month.
A Great African Drama, but the Star’s a Bit Stiff
Putting transmitters
on beetles to track
them inside a corpse.
From First Arts Page
Harvard University scholar,who
was one of three experts called
upon to examine the novel and
supporting research. “It dramati-
cally expands the canon of novels
written by Harlem Renaissance
writers and, obviously, novels by
Claude McKay. “More important, because it
was written in the second half of
the Harlem Renaissance, it
shows that the renaissance con-
tinued to be vibrant and creative
and turned its focus to interna-
tional issues — in this case the
tensions between Communists,
on the one hand,and black na-
tionalists,on the other,for the
hearts and minds of black Ameri-
cans,” said Mr. Gates, the direc-
tor of the W.E.B. Du Bois Insti-
tute for African and African
American Research at Harvard.
This literary detective story
began in the summer of 2009,
when Jean-Christophe Cloutier, a
doctoral candidate in English and
comparative literature, was
working as an intern in the Rare
Book and Manuscript Library at
Columbia. He was going through
more than 50 boxes of materials
belonging to Samuel Roth, a kind
of literary pariah who died in 1974
and is best known for being the
appellant in a famous obscenity
case in the 1950s. Mr. Roth is also known for pub-
lishing work without permission,
including excerpts from James
Joyce’s “Ulysses” and editions of
“Lady Chatterley’s Lover,” by
D.H. Lawrence. Mr. Roth attend-
ed Columbia,and his family do-
nated his collection to the uni-
versity. No one knew of a connection
between Mr. Roth and McKay,
Mr. Cloutier said, as he came
upon the roughly 300-page dou-
ble-spaced manuscript, bound
between cardboardlike covers
bearing the novel’s title and Mc-
Kay’s name. He also found two
letters from McKay to Mr. Roth
about possibly ghostwriting a
novel to be called “Descent Into
Harlem,” about an Italian immi-
grant who settles in Harlem.
“Amiable” is a different story,
though, rife with political in-
trigue, romance, seedy night-
clubs and scenes of black intellec-
tual and artistic life in Harlem
during the Great Depression.
Mr. Cloutier quickly took his
discovery to Brent Hayes Ed-
wards, his dissertation adviser
and an expert in black literature.
Mr. Edwards, a professor of Eng-
lish and comparative literature at
Columbia, knew that McKay had
published three novels during his
lifetime (including “Banjo,” in
1929.) A novella, “Harlem Glory:
A Fragment Of Aframerican
Life,” was published posthu-
mously). But he and Mr. Cloutier imme-
diately found in “Amiable”
themes that recurred across Mc-
Kay’s work, like Communism and
labor strikes in Harlem, and
characters, like the real-life labor
leader Sufi Abdul Hamid. The
term “Aframerican,” which Mc-
Kay used to refer to black people
in the Western Hemisphere, also
appeared in “Amiable.”
Mr. Cloutier and Mr. Edwards
gathered additional evidence by
rummaging through archives at
libraries around the country, in-
cluding at Yale, Indiana Universi-
ty, Emory University and the
Schomburg Center for Research
in Black Culture, part of the New
York Public Library (which man-
ages the McKay estate).
They ended up amassing a
mountain of archival and circum-
stantial evidence pointing to Mc-
Kay’s authorship. But it was the
extensive correspondence be-
tween McKay and his friend Max
Eastman, the writer, political ac-
tivist and avid supporter of the
Harlem Renaissance, that ulti-
mately convinced them that
“Amiable” was indeed McKay’s,
they said.
“The irrefutable archival evi-
dence we have is when Eastman
directly quotes from the novel,”
Mr. Cloutier said. “McKay sent
him pages, all from the summer
of 1941 and a bit later.” (They also
found letters referring to a con-
tract between McKay and E.P.
Dutton to write the novel.) The authentication of the novel
is “scholarly gold,” said William
J. Maxwell, the editor of “Com-
plete Poems: Claude McKay.” Its
mocking portraits of Communists
show McKay’s decisive break
with Communism and his effort
to turn his political evolution into
art, said Mr. Maxwell, a professor
of English and African-American
Studies at Washington Universi-
ty in St. Louis.
Moreover, while the flowering
of arts known as the Harlem Ren-
aissance obsessively document-
ed black life in the 1920s, he said,
far less is known about the period
of the 1930s, focused on in “Ami-
Many scholars believe that the
Harlem Renaissance’s creative
energy had pretty much run out
by the late 1930s. But Mr. Ed-
wards said he believed that “Ami-
able” would eventually be recog-
nized “as the key political novel
of the black intellectual life in
New York in the late 1930s.” McKay represents the Commu-
nists as amiable with big teeth,
he said, but they end up being a
“wolf in sheep’s clothing.” “I cannot think of another nov-
el that gives us such a rich and
multilayered portrayal of black
life,” Mr. Edwards continued.
“There are scenes with artists in
salons, in nightclubs, in queer
nightclubs. It has almost a docu-
mentary aspect.”
Despite his moment in the
spotlight, Mr. Cloutier is still in
the middle of his dissertation,
which he expects to complete in
2013 or 2014. Its title? “Archival
Vagabonds: 20th Century Ameri-
can Fiction and the Archives in
Novelistic Practice.” And the Mc-
Kay manuscript remains where
Mr. Cloutier found it, now ar-
chived in Box 29, Folders 7 and 8,
of the Samuel Roth papers. A New Novel From the Harlem Renaissance Is Found
A Columbia graduate student, Jean-Christophe Cloutier, top
left, with Prof. Brent Hayes Edwards, found the McKay work. From First Arts Page
Release Date Set for New ‘Godzilla’
Godzilla last lumbered into American movie theaters in 1998,
above, and gobbled up a respectable pile of money — $136 million in
domestic ticket sales — while swatting away swarms of nasty reviews
with his big scaly C.G.I. paws. Now the beast is headed back for an-
other bite. Warner Brothers Pictures and Legendary Pictures an-
nounced that their new take on the classic urban-attack franchise
would open in theaters on May 16, 2014. The movie will be directed by
Gareth Edwards, whose 2010 film, “Monsters,” was made for about
half a million dollars, undoubtedly a small fraction of what his new
monster movie will cost. David Callaham, known for the “Expend-
ables” movies, and David S. Goyer (the “Dark Knight” trilogy) will
write the screenplay with Max Borenstein. In a statement the studios
promised that the new film would “return the character to its epic
roots with a gritty, realistic actioner.”
New Home in New York
For National Archives
The National Archives and
Records Administration is to
move its New York branch in late
October to a newsite: the Alex-
ander Hamilton United States
Custom House at 1 Bowling
Green in Lower Manhattan. The
move will provide greater visibil-
ity for the institution and make
its holdings more accessible to
the public, archive officials said. The archives will be heading
for the building that houses the
Smithsonian’s National Museum
of the American Indian. The mu-
seum occupies the first and sec-
ond floors and the archives will
be on the third and fourth floors,
with several new educational
spaces and exhibitions, made
possible by a public-private part-
nership between the National Ar-
chives and the Foundation for
the National Archives. The archives, which have been
at 201 Varick Street in Greenwich
Village, showcase materials from
Susan B. Anthony’s 1873 record
of conviction (for voting) to
copyright infringement cases in-
volving Cole Porter to records of
immigration through Ellis Is-
land.A new research center will
allow scholars, genealogists and
members of the public to use
original records and microfilm
holdings with the assistance of
professional archivists.
In addition to exhibitions at
the new site, the National Ar-
chives is to present an inaugural
exhibition in the Custom House’s
rotunda from Friday through
Nov. 25. The exhibition, “The
World’s Port: Through Docu-
ments of the National Archives,”
tells how New York became the
busiest port in the world by the
20th century.The new Custom
House branch is to be open Mon-
day through Friday, 10 a.m. to 5
p.m. and on the first Saturday of
every month beginning Dec. 1.
The rotunda exhibition will be
open 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily and
until 8 p.m. on Thursdays. All
programs are free. FELICIA R.LEE
Musical to Open
Public Lab Series
A new musical based on the
graphic novel “Fun Home: A
Family Tragicomic,” by Alison
Bechdel, above right,with music
by Jeanine Tesori (“Shrek,”
“Caroline, or Change”) and book
and lyrics by Lisa Kron (“Well”),
will open the fall season of the
Public Lab series of new works
at the Public Theater. Set in a fu-
neral home run by Ms. Bechdel’s
father, the show, according to a
news release from the Public,
“charts Alison’s quest to come to
terms with her father’s life and
death by painstakingly recon-
structing their shared but unspo-
ken bond.”
Sam Gold
“The Big
Meal”) will di-
rect a cast that
includes Ro-
berta Colin-
drez, Judy
Kuhn, Beth
Malone and Joel Perez. “Fun
Home” comes to New York after
a workshop at the Sundance In-
stitute’s Theater Lab this sum-
The show is set to begin per-
formances on Oct. 17 and contin-
ue through Nov. 4 at the Public’s
Shiva Theater.
The Public Lab season will
also include two plays: Richard
Nelson’s “Sorry” and Dominique
Morisseau’s “Detroit ’67.” ERIK PIEPENBURG
Bruce Graham Play
To Star Michael Learned
Michael Learned, the Emmy
Award-winning actress, below,
will star in “The Outgoing Tide,”
a new play about family strug-
gles,by Bruce
is set to open
in November
at 59E59 Thea-
ters, on East
59th Street in
the Delaware
Theater Com-
pany announced Friday. Set in a summer cottage on
Chesapeake Bay, the play —
which will also star Ian Lithgow
and Peter Strauss — follows the
reaction to a man’s plan to se-
cure his family’s future. It is scheduled to begin pre-
view performances on Nov. 7 and
open on Nov. 20 in a limited en-
gagement through Dec. 16.
Mr. Graham was nominated
for two Drama Desk awards for
“Coyote on a Fence,” a drama
about two prisoners bound for
execution, which had its pre-
miere Off Broadway in 2000.
Arts, Briefly
Compiled by Randy Kennedy COLUMBIA TRISTAR
Evelyn Lozada begins her ap-
pearance on “Iyanla: Fix My
Life” perfectly primped — hair,
makeup, outfit, all pristine. It was
filmed in July, 11 days after she
married the foot-
ball star Chad
Johnson. Their
mantic courtship
had been docu-
mented in “Bas-
ketball Wives,” the VH1 reality
battle royale of which she’s the
volatile star. (She was previously
engaged to the basketball player
Antoine Walker.)
In the way that many reality
TV stars seek help by going on
other reality TV programs, Ms.
Lozada sought out Iyanla Van-
zant to discuss controlling her
rage. Ms. Vanzant — the engine of
“Iyanla: Fix My Life“ — is a self-
help guide and author with a mys-
tical air but a deeply grounded
approach. She speaks in a sooth-
ing, encouraging voice, makes
phenomenal eye contact and has
an evident distaste for polish.
“Iyanla: Fix My Life” is “Inter-
vention” and daytime talk dis-
tilled to core principles. Much of
the show is given over to long,
hard conversations, shot up close,
a tactic of discomfort.
In the case of Ms. Lozada, who
is the subject of the show’s two-
night premiere on OWN, Oprah
Winfrey’s network, on Saturday
and Sunday, Ms. Vanzant’s suc-
cess can be measured by the
stains —makeup and tears —Ms.
Lozada leaves on her collar.
“I’m gonna hold you,” she tells
Ms. Lozada. “I’m not gonna let
you go, I’m not gonna compro-
mise your dignity,and whatever
you say to me,I promise you I’m
not gonna use it against you.” Ms. Lozada’s faucet is quick
and gushing. “Just let her weep,”
Ms. Vanzant intones, over and
over, to no one in particular.
And that’s only halfway
through the first episode. A few
weeks after they wed, Ms. Lozada
accused Mr. Johnson of head-
butting her after an argument.
The second hour of the premiere
was filmed after that accusation.
(He has pleaded not guilty to a
misdemeanor charge of battery.)
Ms. Vanzant isn’t above pre-
senting herself as the real agent
of change. “I told you it was gon-
na cost you,” she tells Ms. Lozada
in the second hour. “I told you
that. I told you as you shift, things
were gonna shift.”
Ms. Vanzant enjoys referring to
herself as “an interruption.” This
truthteller presentation can go
overboard at times: in a later epi-
sode she literally ties family
members together with string to
illustrate how bonds work, then
uses scissors to emphasize a
point about abandonment.
But mostly, it’s bracing watch-
ing her poke holes in the delu-
sions of her charges. In each epi-
sode the stories people tell about
themselves are subjected to pres-
sure and interrogation until they
collapse, defeated.
Most of Ms. Vanzant’s guests
aren’t stars, but leading with Ms.
Lozada allows Ms. Winfrey’s net-
work to attract some of the re-
flected interest — and,ideally,
ratings — from the rowdy-reality
juggernaut without actually hav-
ing to swim in that pool. It is the
parasite and also the remedy.
One of Ms. Vanzant’s best-
known interventions was with
Ms. Winfrey herself. Ms. Vanzant
was a regular guest on Ms. Win-
frey’s show in the 1990s, but they
had a falling-out. Their tearful
reconciliation came on one of Ms.
Winfrey’s final shows, in one of
the rare interactions in which you
could sense Ms. Winfrey’s dis-
comfort. The gravitational center
usually on her stage didn’t hold.
Ms. Vanzant is able to create
these disruptions because she
largely erases the force fields
people keep around themselves
merely by acknowledging these
barriers’ existence, that way rob-
bing them of effectiveness. Some-
times she just reaches through
the force field and grabs on tight.
In a later episode she has to show
a mother how to hug her son,
whomshe’s abandoned. It’s awful
to watch, and also full of hope.
Iyanla: Fix My Life
, with Iyanla Vanzant, right, the host, and Evelyn
Lozada, a reality TV star and the subject of the show’s premiere, is on
OWN, Saturday nights at 10, Eastern and Pacific times; 9, Central time.
A Shoulder to Cry On
And a Lot of Tough Talk
At the table with which this re-
sult was compared, Michel Bes-
sis (West) led the heart ace, un-
der which Nunes (East) played
the three. This was presumably intended
as a suit-preference signal for di-
amonds. But West seems to have
assumed it was a count signal,
showing an odd number of
hearts. So, deciding there was no
need to attack diamonds, West
continued with a second heart. Then, though, Wolpert (South)
discarded a diamond loser on the
heart king, drew trumps and
claimed, conceding only one
heart and one diamond. That was
a win for the United States,with
plus 50 and plus 550.
Smith-van Prooijen and Jaco-
bus-Levin defended perfectly, but
because Jacobus had doubled,
the United States won the board
for plus 300,versus minus 100.
Berkowitz (West) and Hurd
(East) took five clubs doubled
down two.
At the last table Trendafilov
(East) bid five hearts over five
clubs. Cheek (South) doubled, led
the spade king, then cashed the
club king. Grue (North) had the
heart king to come for down one.
Again,the United States won
the board for plus 300 and plus
The fourth Buffett Cup was
played in Omaha from Monday to
Thursday. Fashioned after the
Ryder Cup in golf, it featured the
following teams:
Europe: Sally Brock and Nico-
la Smith (England);Michel and
Thomas Bessis (father and son,
from France);Fulvio Fantoni
and Claudio Nunes (Monaco);
Paul Hackett (England) and Tom
Hanlon (Ireland);Kalin Karaiva-
nov and Rumen Trendafilov (Bul-
garia);and Ricco van Prooijen
and Louk Verhees (Nether-
United States: Jill Levin and
Jenny Wolpert;David Berkowitz
and Alan Sontag;Curtis Cheek
and Marc Jacobus;Joe Grue and
Brad Moss;Bob Hamman and
Justin Lall;and John Hurd and
Joel Wooldridge.
Initially,there were to be three
sections: teams, pairs and indi-
vidual. But at the last minute an
extra set of seven-board team
matches was added, with 12
points at stake. In the end this
made no difference,since those
points were divided 6 to 6.
The United States won the
pairs by 36 points to 24. Europe
rebounded in the teams, taking it
by 46 to 26. However, United
States dominated the individual,
taking it by 39 to 27,to squeak
home by 101 to 97. The United
States now leads by three match-
es to one.
In the individual, the scores at
two tables were compared using
win-tie-loss scoring.
Why did the United States do
so well in the individual? Surely
because its team is more homo-
geneous.The players know one
another’s styles very well. Euro-
peans methods vary more widely.
As an example, look at the dia-
gramed deal. That was a common
auction, although two Easts (van
Prooijen and Sontag) overcalled
three hearts. This dissuaded
their partners (Smith and Lall)
from doubling five clubs.
Five clubs can be defeated by
two tricks. West takes his aces,
leads the diamond six to his part-
ner’s king, and East plays a third
diamond to promote West’s club
queen as a trick.
Lall (West) led the diamond
ace, then failed to cash the heart
ace, no doubt worried that Sontag
(East) had seven hearts for his
three-heart overcall. Lall imme-
diately played a second diamond.
When East won and led another
diamond, Thomas Bessis (South)
discarded his heart loser. West
ruffed for down one.
Phillip Alder Bridge C4
Resident Evil
Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by Paul W.S. Anderson
1 hour 35 minutes
The fifth entry in a series as in-
destructible as Alice (Milla
Jovovich), its caffeinated heroine,
“Resident Evil: Retribution”
finds her still on the mysterious
ship where “Resident Evil: After-
life” left her. Almost a decade has
passed since the endlessly mutat-
ing T-Virus began transforming
most of humanity (and zoology)
into drooling, pimply cannibals,
but Alice —part human, part vi-
ral, all airbrushed —is still fight-
ing to save the world. She must be
as tired as we are.
Not wearying at all of Ms.
Jovovich’s eternally moving
parts, the director, Paul W.S. An-
derson (who wrote all five install-
ments and has directed three),
this time strips his leading lady of
her superpowers and, by way of
consolation, reunites her with
previously terminated charac-
ters. (Whether you’ve been sush-
i’d by a laser or blown up by an
atom bomb, Mr. Anderson will
find a way to resurrect you, usu-
ally with even fewer facial ex-
pressions than before.) He also supplies Alice with a
daughter —cribbing shamelessly
from “Aliens” —and an alternate
suburban reality that ends
abruptly when zombie hordes in-
vade her laundry room. Just try
explaining that to Sears.
Taking place almost entirely in-
side computer-simulated global
locations, “Retribution” moves
closer than ever to its airless vid-
eo game roots. Ms. Jovovich may
possess a limited acting vocabu-
lary, but her body has a language
all its own. Perhaps we should
say bodies: once again,we have
multiple Alices, all in dire need of
new wardrobes. A zombie plague
may have laid waste the world,
but apparently supplies of black
leather unitards have yet to be
“Resident Evil: Retribution” is
rated R (Under 17 requires
accompanying parent or adult
guardian). Evisceration by chain
saw and suffocation by licking
monster, which sounds a lot more
fun than it looks.
Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by Anurag Basu
In Hindi, with English subtitles
2 hours 30 minutes;not rated
The lovers in Anurag Basu’s
engagingly odd “Barfi!” — he’s
deaf and mute, she’s autistic —
are a particularly pure expres-
sion of a cherished Bollywood
theme: love is the supreme goal.
(Cue the songs: the movie does.)
Stripped of conventional social
expectations, Barfii (Ranbir
Kapoor) and Jhilmil (a deglamor-
ized Priyanka Chopra) have
nothing to follow but their hearts,
and nothing to battle but kidnap-
pings, death and venality. “Barfi!” is billed as a romantic
comedy, and there are several
nods to Buster Keaton and Char-
lie Chaplin. The deaf Barfii — his
own contortion of his real name,
Murphy — plays the silent clown,
and Mr. Kapoor, who gets better
as the movie goes along, often
seems to be channeling his
grandfather Raj Kapoor, who in-
corporated aspects of Chaplin’s
Tramp in his screen persona. The comedy registers mostly
as pathos, but the silent-movie in-
fluence remains strong. “Barfi!”
has long sequences with minimal
or no dialogue, putting the em-
phasis on the visuals. In one
scene Barfii blows bubbles that
enclose fireflies, mesmerizing
Jhilmil. The two sometimes com-
municate with light, bouncing its
reflection off mirror shards.
(Ravi Varman did the movie-lush
Bollywood isn’t afraid to be
mawkish. “Barfi!” is at times,
though not noticeably more so
than most Hindi movies, despite
its premise of special lovers with
a special lesson to teach. And at
150 minutes,it may try your pa-
tience. Or it may wear you down
(another Hindi movie specialty)
as it builds its emotional slow
burn. Against your will,you may
even shed a tear. RACHEL SALTZ
Bangkok Revenge
Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by Jean-Marc Minéo
In English and Thai, with English
1 hour 21 minutes; not rated
“Fight,” says Chanticha
(Aphradi Phawaputanon), a
nurse, to a critically injured boy
in the hospital. “You have to
fight.” It’s 1990, and the child, Manit
(Ratthawish Saksirikoon),has
just witnessed the killing of his
parents by corrupt cops. Shot at
point-blank range,Manit sur-
vives, but with a bullet in his skull
that prevents him from experi-
encing emotion. That makes the
job of the buff yet cherubic Jon
Foo,who plays the grown Manit,
a lot easier: he doesn’t have to
bother with actorly chores like
projecting feelings. Manit is nothing if not obedi-
ent. When,on her deathbed,
Chanticha tells him how his par-
ents died, he embarks on his titu-
lar mission. Fortunately, Manit
has had martial arts lessons (959,
to be exact) from the master
Adjan (Kowitch Wathana), so
he’s ready, with help from Clara
(Caroline Ducey), a journalist,
and Simon (Michaël Cohen),a
down-on-his-luck ex-policeman. With his fighting chops and
emotional dysfunction, Manit is
efficient, albeit with his extrem-
ities, not firearms. He brawls any-
where: a gym, a bar, a subway
car, an elevator, a car interior. Thailand locations add spice
but — like the plot twists and per-
formances — fail to elevate the
action beyond the generic, some-
thing seemingly not lost on
Manit. When heavies take him to
a squalid site to kill him, he re-
quests a better place. “I think I’ve fallen into the
hands of the most tasteless killers
in Bangkok,” he says. Manit may
lack feelings but at least he’s dis-
Film in Review
Milla Jovovich stars in “Resi-
dent Evil: Retribution.”
S J 3
h K 6
d Q J 10 8
C J 10 7 5 2
S Q 9 7 5 2
h A 8 7 4
d A 6
C Q 8
S 10
hQ J 10 9
5 3
d K 5 4 3 2
C 6
S A K 8 6 4
h 2
d 9 7
C A K 9 4 3
East and West were vulner-
able. The bidding:
West North East South
-- -- -- 1 S
Pass 1 N.T. 2 h 3 C
4 h 5 C Pass Pass
Dbl. Pass Pass Pass
West led the heart ace.
The Times Book Review,
every Sunday
“RobMcClure DAZZLESin a star-making
performance.”– The Hollywood Reporter
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
The Big Musical About the Little Tramp
Tu 7;We 2&7:30;Th 7;Fr 8;Sa 2&8;Su 3
Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street
2006 Tony Award Winner
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Group Discounts (15+):877-536-3437
August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
Today at 2 &8
Tickets &
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue-Thu 7;Fri 8;Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30
NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St.
Today at 2 &8
Best Original Score Best Choreography
Tickets &
or call (866) 870-2717
Groups (15+) 800-439-9000
Mo - We 7:30;We 2;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3
Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
Music &Lyrics by
Directed and Choreographed by
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Tu&Th 7;We,Fr&Sa 8;We&Sa 2;Su 3
Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street
Today at 2 &8
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tues 7,Wed-Sat 8,Wed &Sat 2,Sun 3
The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
"An absurdly funny fantastical journey."
—Entertainment Weekly
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Tue -Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8;Sun 3
Groups (12+) 877-321-0020
Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
-NewYork Times Critic's Pick
Broadway's Best Party
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Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30
Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 1 &7
877-250-2929 or
Mon,Tu,Th 7:30;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &7
Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
Today at 2 &8
The Landmark Musical Event
Tickets &
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tu-We 7;Th-Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &6:30
Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street
Today at 2 &8
Visit Telecharge.comor call
Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
Grps:800-BROADWAYor 212-239-6262
Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
Nowthru January 6 Only!
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
ANational Theatre of
Great Britain Production
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
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Groups 12+:212-889-4300
Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
"Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster"
—The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
Tu &We 7;Th-Sa 8;We &Sa 2;Su 3
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman
Directed by Woody Harrelson
M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street
Experience the Phenomenon
Mon,Wed-Fri 8,Sat 2,5&8,Sun 2&5
Groups of 15+:(212) 260-8993
Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
NewBlock Tickets on Sale thru Nov.25!
"ATruly Magical Experience!"- AP
Week of 9/24:Tues 7;Wed 2:30 &8;
Thu &Fri 8;Sat 2:30 &8;Sun 2:30
TIX:212 935 5820 or
York Theatre@St.Peter's,54th E.of Lex
Today 2:30&8,Tom'w3&7-Thru 10/6 only!
The Duke on 42nd Street - 229 W.42 St.
For or 646-223-3010
Tues-Sat 8,Sun 7;Sat 2:30,Sun 3
"AGodsend!"- Ben Brantley,NY Times
"Hysterically Funny!"- Roma Torre,NY1
Tu 8,W2 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 7:30
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
Today at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM!
Signature Theatre presents
by SamShepard
directed by Daniel Aukin
Tues-Fri at 7:30,Wed at 2,
Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
OnTheRoad Repertory Company
by James McLure
Directed by Alice Spivak
Wed-Sat @8pm,Sun @3pm
TBGTheatre,312 W.36th 212-868-4444
AEAmembers free
—Daily News
Today at 2 &8
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8
Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St.
Tonight at 8;Tomorrowat 3
"HAUNTING!"The Washington Post
Footfalls Ohio Impromptu Catastrophe
Directed by Joy Zinoman
Plus World Premiere Compositions
Cygnus Ensemble
Limited Run,September 14-23
Fri,Sat at 8;Sun at 3
Call 866-811-4111
Classic Stage Company,136 E.13th St.
Today at 3 &8
Tue-Fri at 8;Sat at 3 &8;Sun at 2 &5:30
Ticketmaster:(800) 982-2787
Groups 10+:toll free (855) 203-9980
OrpheumTheatre,Second Ave at 8th St.
Today at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM!
Signature Theatre presents
written and directed by
Athol Fugard
Tue-Fri at 7:30;Wed at 2;
Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
Today at 2:30 &7:30
Tu-Fr 7:30;Sa 2:30 &7:30;Su 2:30 &7:30
SmartTix.comor 212-868-4444
BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
remains the dominion of avant-
garde filmmakers like Ernie
Gehr, who introduced two short
digital works in person: “Depar-
ture” (a witty, partly abstracted
journey across a New York land-
scape from the vantage point of
an elevated train) and “Auto-Col-
lider XV” (a delve into pure ab-
straction that transforms passing
vehicles into pulsing, zipping
streaks of kaleidoscopic color).
Mr. Gehr’s recent work will be
featured, like a number of Toron-
to selections, in the New York
Film Festival, which starts on
Sept. 28. Other Wavelengths attrac-
tions included several short vid-
eos, by turns haunting and play-
ful, from the American artist
Francesca Woodman, who com-
mitted suicide in 1981 at 22. In one
video Ms. Woodman covers her-
self in a white liquid, lies down
and, after a few beats, rises and
walks off screen, leaving behind a
silhouette that evokes the ghastly
shadowimages of atombomb
casualties. As the camera holds
on the silhouette, you hear a pain-
fully girlish voice exclaim her
happiness with how it turned out.
Another Wavelengths high point,
“View From the Acropolis,” is a
gorgeous black-and-white short
film from the Dutch artists Lon-
nie van Brummelen and Siebren
de Haan that, by juxtaposing an-
cient ruins with a modern city,
becomes a meditation on the
Toronto is a festival where
audiences can find themselves
oscillating between the sublime
and the ridiculous, between se-
lections like “The Master,” Paul
Thomas Anderson’s supremely
intelligent and controlled inquiry
into the cult mind, and “Cloud At-
las,” a megabucks hash of time,
space and cinema from the
American siblings Andy and
Lana Wachowski, and a German
confederate, Tom Tykwer. Since
“The Master” has opened in the
United States, I’ll cut right to
“Cloud Atlas,” which is based on
the David Mitchell novel and
weaves together multiple stories
through a lot of airy cosmic con-
venience and a cavalcade of false
noses. Most of these are worn by
Tom Hanks, a man of a thousand
honkers; some are worn by Halle
Berry. Jim Broadbent appears to
wear his own schnoz.
Each of the stories, which
stretch from the 19th century to
the dystopian future, centers on a
character who, through the famil-
iar combination of self-actualiza-
tion and community, transcends
barriers of the mind, body and
soul. Given Lana Wachowski’s
transgendered identity (she was
a co-director of “The Matrix” tril-
ogy as Larry Wachowski), this in-
vests “Cloud Atlas” with a touch-
ingly personal undertow that
skews a little uncomfortable
when Hugo Weaving shows up as
a woman who bears a resem-
blance to Ms. Wachowski. Else-
where, a notary confronts his ra-
cial prejudice, a muckraking jour-
nalist speaks truth to power, a
slave frees herself to unchain the
world. Tonally unsteady, with
moments of self-aware comedy
and many more presumably un-
intentionally funny ones, the
movie is as deeply sincere as it is
dopey. It also, ahem, includes a
scene of a novelist tossing a critic
off a roof.
If it didn’t clock in at a numb-
ing 163 minutes, “Cloud Atlas”
would, however, make a great
double bill with one of the festi-
val’s wackiest selections, the
comparatively fleet North Kore-
an fantasia “Comrade Kim Goes
Flying.” Trumpeted as the first
fiction film bankrolled by a West-
ern company that was shot in
North Korea, “Comrade Kim”
tracks the fantastic travails and
features the many smiles of a
chipper young female coal miner,
who, like a typical Disney ani-
mated princess, dreams a very
special dream, in this case one of
becoming an acrobat. Crammed
with wildly smiling men and
women and a lot of chatter about
revolutionary spirit and the
working class, the movie brings
to mind one of those chilling cine-
matic curios from China’s Cultur-
al Revolution, which means that
it’s both a kitsch hallucination
and a disturbing freakout.
“Comrade Kim Goes Flying”
is precisely the kind of movie that
makes Toronto such a crucial fes-
tival, though it’s also the sort of
title that can become lost among
the big-ticket attractions. Like a
lot of my colleagues,I was anx-
ious to see “The Master,” even
though it would be open by the
time I returned home. With prac-
tice, savvy festivalgoers learn
how to strike a balance between
high-profile selections and those
that have little publicity and mar-
keting muscle. Yet it’s hard not to
wish that the festival did more to
push under-the-radar titles like
Jem Cohen‘s “Museum Hours”
into the foreground. A delicate,
quiet, sometimes gravely moving
symphony of Vienna, the movie
traces two strangers — an Ameri-
can visitor and an Austrian mu-
seum guard — who become ac-
quaintances over many conver-
sations and through long, lonely
walks captured by this filmmak-
er’s gimlet eye. “Museum Hours” is sure to
show up again either in other fes-
tivals or independent theaters.
Among some of the other entries
that are definitely headed to the
New York Film Festival are two
period pieces that meld the politi-
cal with the profoundly personal:
“Barbara,” from the German di-
rector Christian Petzold, and
“Ginger and Rosa,” from the Brit-
ish filmmaker Sally Potter. Set in
East Germany in the 1980s, “Bar-
bara” stars Nina Hoss, at once re-
served and emotionally transpar-
ent, as a doctor who’s forced to
choose between her desire for
freedom and the lives of others.
Anchored by a sensational Elle
Fanning, “Ginger and Rosa,” set
in London in the early 1960s,
weds a coming-of-age story with
a larger generational tale about
life in the shadow of a potential
nuclear holocaust. For much of this year’s festi-
val, many more eyes and much
more chatter were focused on
movies like Joe Wright’s “Anna
Karenina,” a travesty with a mis-
cast Keira Knightley that is tragic
only in its conception and execu-
tion, and Terrence Malick’s “To
the Wonder,” a wonderment of an
unfortunate type that combines
many images of young women
running through sun-dappled
rooms and fields amid musings
about Jesus Christ. And then
there’s “Silver Linings Play-
book,” the latest family comedy
from David O. Russell, which
takes place on solid terra firma
where people eat, drink, work,
talk — and, this being a David O.
Russell encounter session — yell
at one another as they grapple
with many of the same Big Ques-
tions as Mr. Malick’s twirling,
skipping, running, whispering
A scene from the point of view of an elevated train in this work by the avant-garde filmmaker Ernie Gehr.
Alice Englert, left, and Elle Fanning in Sally Potter’s story of coming of age in the shadow of nuclear weapons. MUSEUM HOURS
Mary Margaret O’Hara as a tourist and Bobby Sommer as a museum guard in Jem Cohen’s film,set in Vienna. Movie
But Still
Comfy, Eh?
From First Arts Page
A menu over 11 days
that offers both star
power and the
Street, holds its official ribbon
cutting on Sept. 28. But even as
workers painted walls and
moved in furniture, the opera
world couldn’t wait. Last week the Minnesota
Opera was running a workshop
for a new piece this season,
“Doubt,” based on the play by
John Patrick Shanley and the
subsequent movie, with music by
Douglas J. Cuomo. And the
Opera Theater of St. Louis was
holding auditions for its young-
artists program.
“I usually warm up in a bath-
room,” said Ian O’Brien, 24, of
New Haven, a tenor trying out
for St. Louis. “A guaranteed 15
minutes in a room that’s dedicat-
ed for auditions: I’ve never had
that before.”
Mr. O’Brien proceeded into the
audition room, which will also
serve as a recital hall and is the
center’s showpiece. Deep blue
panels, perforated for acoustical
purposes, cover the walls under
a curved ceiling of narrow wood-
en slats. Three high-definition re-
mote-controlled cameras will be
able to stream auditions and re-
citals elsewhere. Along with an-
other large space for rehearsals,
there are 10 vocal studios of vari-
ous sizes. Singers can come to
practice or work with accompa-
nists and coaches.
Down the hall, Adriana Zabala,
a soprano, and Matthew Worth, a
baritone, rehearsed the second
scene from Act I of “Doubt,”
playing Sister James and Father
Flynn. Singing from scores with
the rehearsal pianist, José
Meléndez, in the back,and the
conductor, Christopher Franklin,
off to the side, they faced the cre-
ators, who were seated at a long
table: Mr. Cuomo; Mr. Shanley;
the director, Kevin Newbury;
and Bill Murray, an artist associ-
ate. The singers stopped peri-
odically, and the parties dis-
cussed phrasing, interpretation
and slight changes to the score. “I just have to do a few clean-
ing-up things,” Mr. Cuomo said.
Each studio has a new Yamaha
piano. Some rooms have win-
dows to the outside that can be
opened for singers who like to
avoid air-conditioning or find
comfort in urban street sounds. In an advance tour, Marc Scor-
ca, Opera America’s president,
proudly pointed out a lounge
where singers, directors, accom-
panists and opera executives can
schmooze. In truth, the lounge
was an eight-foot-wide hallway,
but at least it had a bathroom
next to it, large enough for sing-
ers to change clothes.
The center was built on the
seventh and eighth floors of the
building where Opera America
already has offices. The organ-
ization put $6 million toward con-
struction and the same amount
toward an endowment to run the
place, with the funds mostly do-
nated by board members. It decided to rent the space,
given the high cost of building
from scratch, and holds a 20-year
lease with a 5-year renewal op-
tion. Mr. Scorca said that run-
ning the center would add $1 mil-
lion to Opera America’s $3 mil-
lion budget, and that it hoped to
bring in at least $500,000 annu-
ally by charging for the use of the
rooms. The rest will come from
the endowment and the operat-
ing budget.
The smallest studio, 10 feet by
9 feet, rents for $19 an hour, the
recital hall for $120 an hour.
Opera America members receive
discounts. The center will oper-
ate seven days a week,from 10
a.m. to 10 p.m. Twelve companies
and other groups have already
reserved space, a spokeswoman
Artistic directors and conduc-
tors have generally been hearing
auditioners in locations like the
basement of Riverside Church,
studios in Midtown Manhattan,
hotel ballrooms and small, out-
of-the-way theaters. They say
they often encounter ill-tuned pi-
anos, cramped quarters with no
warm-up areas and the distrac-
tion of sound bleeding in from
other rooms. “It’s a hostile environment,”
Mr. Scorca said.
During a break in the St. Louis
auditions, Paul B. Kilmer, the
company’s director of artistic ad-
ministration, marveled at the
contrast. “The places we’ve
been!” he said. “The things
we’ve done for art!”
Opera companies usually set
up several days of open audi-
tions, filtering singers through
management agencies and the
recommendations of colleagues.
Mostly, the auditions are intend-
ed to hear fresh voices or keep
tabs on more experienced sing-
ers, much the way baseball
scouts travel to college games or
high school showcases to identi-
fy and monitor talent. Jonathan Pell, the artistic di-
rector of the Dallas Opera,
where he has been casting
shows for 27 years, said he gen-
erally came to New York twice a
year for three days of auditions
diced into 10-minute slots. He
can hear 150 singers a trip. Mr.
Pell keeps a “mental database”
on who might be available in the
future, he said, but also uses the
auditions to cast for specific mi-
nor roles. Many more singers want to
audition for him than he has time
for on his New York trips, Mr.
Pell said. “I will listen to any-
body who wants to sing for me,”
he added, “if they are able to
come to Dallas.”
A New Opera Center,for Auditioning and Practicing as Well as Performing
The National Opera Centers audition room and recital hall, with perforated panels for acoustics.
From First Arts Page
Interviews, news and more
from the Toronto
International Film Festival:
Television highlights for a full week, recent
reviews by The Times’s critics and complete
local television listings.
Definitions of symbols used in the program listings:
★Recommended film (N) New show or episode
✩Recommended series (CC) Closed-captioned ●
New or noteworthy program
(HD) High definition Ratings:
(Y)All children (PG) Parental guidance suggested
(Y7) Directed to older children (14) Parents strongly cautioned
(G) General audience (MA) Mature audience only
The TV ratings are assigned by the producers or network. Rat-
ings for theatrical films are provided by the Motion Picture As-
sociation of America. EVENI NG
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Entertainment Tonight (N) (CC) (HD)
> NCIS “Need to Know.” The team investigates a murder. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Hawaii Five-0 “Ki’ilua.” Rebels in North Korea harbor a hostage. (CC) (HD) (14) (8:59)
48 Hours Mystery “Vanity Fair: Hollywood Scandal.” Details of Natalie Wood’s death. (N) (CC)
NEWS (N) (CC) (HD)
Jets Huddle (11:35)
> CSI: Miami (CC) (HD) (14) (12:05)
George to the Rescue Home Renovation. (PG)
LX.TV 1stLook “Fairway.” (CC)
The Voice “Blind Auditions Premiere.” Vocalists tackle blind auditions. (CC) (HD) (Part 1 of 3) (PG)
The Voice “Blind Auditions Premiere, Part 2.” Blind auditions continue. (HD) (Part 2 of 3) (PG)
NEWS David Ushery. (N) (CC) (HD)
Saturday Night Live Seth Mac-
Farlane hosts; Frank Ocean performs. (Season Premiere) (N) (14) (11:29)
Fox College Saturday (CC) (HD)
College Football U.S.C. vs. Stanford. (CC) (HD) NEWS Christina Park. (N) (CC)
Touch “Noosphere Rising.” Martin searches for Teller’s workshop. (CC) (HD) (14) (11:35)
NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe Torres. (N) (HD)
Wheel of For-
tune “Going Green.” (HD) (G)
College Football Notre Dame vs. Michigan State. (CC) (HD) NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe Torres. (N) (HD)
Private Practice (CC) (14)
House “Honeymoon.” House works to save Stacy’s husband. (CC) (HD)
The Closer “Make Over.” Several old cases are reviewed. (CC) (HD)
The Closer “In Custody.” (CC) (HD) (14)
> Law & Order “Seed.” Fertility doctor tied to murder attempt. (HD)
Giants Access Blue (CC)
> Everybody Loves Raymond
That ’70s Show “My Fairy King.”
M.L.B. New York Mets vs. Milwaukee Brewers. (CC) (HD) NEWS (N) (CC) (HD) Family Guy (CC) (HD) (14)
Family Guy “Lois Kills Stewie.” (HD)
Futurama (CC) (HD) (PG)
The This Old House Hour Retract-
able awning; Saratoga soapstone. (G)
Fawlty Towers (G) (7:59)
As Time Goes By (CC) (8:34)
. Dark Passage (1947). Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall. Fugitive convict, helpful girl, San Francisco. Snug suspense heightened by stars. (9:05)
. Frozen River (2008). Melissa Leo, Misty Upham. (R) (10:55)
Ed Sullivan’s Top Performers Superstars of Seventies Soul Live (My Music) Motown, R&B, soul and disco artists. (CC) Simon and Garfunkel: Songs of America (CC) (PG) Joe Bonamassa
NEWS European Jrnl Travels to Edge Rudy Maxa Lidia’s Italy Winemakers Secrets $9.99 Private Sessions “Seal.” (CC) Video Music
Batman & Robin (1997). George Clooney. (PG-13) (5:30)
. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982). Henry Thomas, Drew Barrymore. (PG) Psych (CC) (PG) Psych (CC) (PG)
Fútbol Mexicano Primera División Sábado Gigante Mariachi México Internacional.Noticias 41 Noticiero Grito-México
Idolos de México (CC) (6:30) Idolos de México “La Comadrita.” (CC) Yo Me Llamo: Camino a la Fama Noticias Titulares Tele.Viva México
Operation Smile (G) Paid programming
Viewers’ Choice Doo Wop Love Songs (My Music) Romance and teenage love songs. (G) Straight No Chaser -Live in New York: Holiday Saturday Night Performances Viewers’ Choice
John Sebastian: Folk Rewind Judy Collins Live at The Metropolitan Doo Wop Love Songs (My Music) Romance and teenage love songs. (G) Classic MGM Film Musicals
Toni On Inside Edition
. Star Wars: Episode III, Revenge of the Sith (2005). Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman. (PG-13) America’s Court America’s Court Toni On
Paid programming Blogumentary CGN World The King of Legend (PG) Paid programming Sinovision (In Chinese) (PG) Paid programming
Family Guy (CC) (14) Family Guy (CC) (14) Family Guy (CC) (14) Boxeo Family Guy (14)
You Again (2010). Kristen Bell, Jamie Lee Curtis. (PG) (CC) (6:10)
. The American President (1995). Michael Douglas, Annette Bening. Widowed president finds love with lobbyist. Capital fun. (PG-13) (CC)
. Shanghai Knights (2003). Jackie Chan, Owen Wilson. Martial-arts master in Victorian London. Rousing, cheerful sequel. (PG-13) (CC)
. Let Me In (2010). (R) (CC)
The Cemetery Club (1992). Ellen Burstyn. (PG-13) (CC) (6)
Dead Again (1991). Kenneth Branagh, Emma Thompson. An amnesiac may be the reincarnation of a murdered pianist. (R) (CC)
. Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989). James Spader, Andie MacDowell. (R) (CC)
. The Crying Game (1992). Stephen Rea. (R) (CC) (11:40)
. Bruce Almighty (2003). Jim Carrey. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:15)
Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011). James Franco, Freida Pinto. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Town (2010). Ben Affleck, Rebecca Hall. Woman’s new boyfriend robs banks. Slightly less generic than its title. (R) (CC) (HD) (9:45)
Rise of Planet of Apes (2011).
24/7 Chavez Jr./
24/7 Chavez Jr./
Weigh-In Live: Chavez Jr.
24/7 Overtime: Chavez Jr.
The Newsroom “We Just Decided To.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
The Newsroom “News Night 2.0.” (CC) (HD) (MA) (10:15)
True Blood “Turn! Turn! Turn!” (CC) (HD) (MA) (11:15)
Real Time With Bill Maher (HD)
Kingpin (1996). Woody Harrelson, Randy Quaid. One-handed salesman and farmboy in bowling tournament. Ugly, tasteless comedy. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Strike Back Stonebridge befriends Knox’s daughter. (CC) (HD) (MA)
Johnny English Reborn (2011). Bumbling spy protects Chinese leader. Old-fashioned fun. (PG) (CC) (HD)
Strike Back Stonebridge befriends Knox’s daughter. (CC) (HD) (11:45)
Real Steel (2011). Hugh Jackman. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:50)
Willie Barcena: I Gotta Be Honest (N) (CC) (HD) (MA)
Boxing Canelo Alvarez vs. Josesito Lopez. Super welterweight bout from Las Vegas. (HD)
. Eternal Sunshine of the Spot-
less Mind (2004). (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
Weeds “Sap-
lings.” (CC)
Weeds “Thresh-
old.” (CC) (MA)
Weeds Andy and Silas take a trip.
Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life (2003). Maniacal scientist and Pandora’s box. Just one more formulaic action flick. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Penn & Teller (HD) (MA)
Big Brother After Dark (N)
Friends With Benefits (2011). Justin Timberlake, Mila Kunis. Friends, both dumped, add sex to their menu. “Scream” of rom-coms. (R) (CC) (7:05)
. A Dangerous Method (2011). Jung tries new treatment on unbalanced woman. Uncanny and exciting. (R) (CC)
The Ides of March (2011). Ryan Gosling, George Clooney. Campaign worker loses his innocence. Noble fantasy. (R) (CC) (10:45)
The Core (2003). Aaron Eckhart, Hilary Swank. Earth’s, and it’s stopped spinning. Monumentally dumb disaster flick. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:40)
Wreckage (2010). Aaron Paul, Kelly Kruger. Drag-racing friends make trip to remote salvage yard. (R) (CC) (HD)
Eye See You (2002). Sylvester Stallone. Troubled cop investigates deaths at Wyoming clinic. (R) (CC) (HD)
Wreckage (2010). (CC) (HD) (12:10)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (11:01)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (11:31)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
The Sandlot (1993). (PG) (HD) (6) The Blind Side (2009). Wealthy white couple adopts homeless black teen. Curiously devoid of drama. (PG-13) (HD) Remember the Titans (2000). Will Patton. (PG) (HD)
Into the West “Manifest Destiny.” (HD) (Part 2 of 6) (14) (6)
. Casino (1995). Robert De Niro, Sharon Stone. New York bookie and pal build Vegas casino empire. Dazzling, stylish Scorsese. (R) (CC) (HD)
. GoodFellas (1990). (R) (HD)
My Cat From Hell “Bitten.” (HD) My Cat From Hell (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked Neil Patrick Harris. (N) (HD) Tanked “Nuclear Family.” (HD) (PG) Tanked “Love Is an Illusion.” (HD) Tanked (HD) (PG)
Star Trek: The Next Generation Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG) Doctor Who (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) Copper “The Empty Locket.” (HD) Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG) Doctor Who (HD)
The Steve Har-
vey Show
The Steve Har-
vey Show
The Steve Har-
vey Show (G)
The Steve Har-
vey Show
. Men in Black (1997). Tommy Lee Jones, Will Smith. Top-secret agents keep tabs on immigrant space aliens. Dryly clever sci-fi. (PG-13) (CC)
The Longshots (2008). Ice Cube, Keke Palmer. (PG) (CC) (HD) (11:26)
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD) uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained Ghost Stories
> Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD) Money Moves Ryan’s Russia Political Capital Sportfolio (HD)
> Charlie Rose (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Game Changers (HD) Political Capital
The Real Housewives of New York City “Slutty Island.” (CC)
The Real Housewives of New York City (CC)
. Kill Bill: Vol. 2 (2004). Uma Thurman, David Carradine. Bride’s rampage of revenge. The most voluptuous comic-book movie ever made. (R)
. Kill Bill: Vol. 2 (2004). (R) (12:05)
S.E.C. Tonight College Football Colorado vs. Fresno State. (HD) Inside Football Inside Football
. Smokey and the Bandit (1977). Burt Reynolds, Sally Field. (PG) (6:30) Bayou Billionaires (N) (CC) (PG) Redneck Rehab (N) (CC) (PG) Bayou Billionaires (CC) (HD) (PG) RV (2006). (CC)
Diary of a Wimpy Kid (2010). Middle-school student’s misadventures. Drab.Home Movies King of the Hill King of the Hill Family Guy (14) Black Dynamite The Boondocks Bleach (N) (14)
Money in Motion Currency
How I Made My Millions
Ultimate Factories “Harley-David-
son.” (G)
The Suze Orman Show “Money & Power.” (N) (CC)
Til Debt Do Us Part (CC)
Til Debt Do Us Part (CC)
How I Made My Millions
How I Made My Millions
The Suze Orman Show (CC)
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Romney Revealed: Family, Faith and the Road to Power Presidential candidate Mitt Romney. (HD)
Obama Revealed: The Man, The President Interview with President Barack Obama. (HD)
Romney Revealed: Family, Faith and the Road to Power Presidential candidate Mitt Romney. (HD)
Joe Dirt (2001). David Spade, Dennis Miller. Goofy janitor searching for parents who abandoned him. Oh, what a lonely boy. (PG-13) (HD) (6:52)
Jackass 3.5 (2011). Johnny Knoxville, Bam Margera. More stunts and pranks. (R) (CC)
The 40-Year-Old Virgin (2005). Three co-workers unite to help their buddy get a sex life. (CC) (HD) (11:08)
Food(ography) Food(ography) Eat St. (CC) Eat St. (CC) Eat St. (CC) Eat St. (CC) Bitchin’ Kitchen Bitchin’ Kitchen Dinner Imposs.Unique Eats (HD) Eat St. (CC)
News and Public Affairs Zukerberg Internet & Silicon Valley (N) 9/11 Remembrance Ceremonies (N) Zukerberg Internet & Silicon Valley
Book TV “50 Things Liberals Love to Hate.” Book TV (N) Book TV Book TV: After Words (N) Book TV “The Courage to Hope.” (N)
Study With Eldridge & Co.219 West Theater Talk (G)
. The Wild Child (1970). Jean-Pierre Cargol, François Truffaut. (G) TimesTalks “Errol Morris.” Real
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
Jessie (CC) (HD) (G)
Austin & Ally (CC) (HD) (G)
Code 9 “Snow Globe Surprise.”
My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
Austin & Ally (CC) (HD) (G)
Code 9 “Hockey Havoc.” (CC) (G)
Shake It Up! “Egg It Up.” (HD)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
That’s So 80’s 10 Best Kitchen Holmes on Homes (HD) (G) Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.That’s So 80’s Renovation Renov. Real.
Fast N’ Loud “Amazing Impala.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Fast N’ Loud “Ramshackle Ram-
bler.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Texas Car Wars “Flip or Flop.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Texas Car Wars “Let the Rivalries Begin.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Texas Car Wars “Flip or Flop.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Texas Car Wars (CC) (HD) (14)
Jonas Jonas I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry (2007). Adam Sandler, Kevin James. (PG-13) (HD) Jonas The Soup (HD) Chelsea Lately Chuck and Larry
Gnomeo and Juliet (2011). Emily Blunt. (G) (CC)
. Ghostbusters (1984). Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd. (PG) (CC) 18 Again! (1988). George Burns. (PG) (CC) (10:20) Kazaam (12:05)
College Football Florida vs. Tennessee. (HD) (6) College Football Texas vs. Mississippi. (HD) (9:15) SportsCenter
College Football Arizona State vs. Missouri. (HD) College Football B.Y.U vs. Utah. (HD)
Once in a Lifetime (2006). (CC) (6) 30 for 30 Once in a Lifetime (2006). Narrated by Matt Dillon. (PG-13) (CC) 30 for 30
Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Iron Chef America (HD) Restaurant: Im.
Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs (2009). Animated. Sid adopts three dinosaur hatchlings. (PG) (CC) (HD)
FXM Presents (CC) (MA) (8:45)
Ice Age: The Meltdown (2006). Animated. Melting ice threatens Manny and friends. (PG) (CC) (HD)
FXM Presents (CC) (MA) (10:45)
Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs (2009). Animated. Sid adopts three dinosaur hatchlings. (PG) (CC) (HD)
Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD)
Stossel (HD) The Journal Editorial Report
Fox News Watch (HD)
Justice With Judge Jeanine
SKY Sports News (HD) English Premier League Soccer Queens Park Rangers vs Chelsea Fox Soccer News (HD) English Premier League Soccer
. Baby Boy (2001). (R) (HD) (5:30) Off Beat Videos Unit Top 100 Bangin’ Bodies (HD) Top 100 Bangin’ Bodies (HD) Top 100 Bangin’ Bodies (HD) Bangin’
College Football Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD)
Date Night (2010). Steve Carell, Tina Fey. Guns and chases enliven stale marriage. The movie, not so much. (PG-13) (HD)
Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD)
Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD)
Wilfred “Resent-
ment.” (HD) (MA)
Totally Biased — Kamau Bell
Louie (HD) (Part 2 of 3) (MA)
Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior
Golf Central (HD) P.G.A. Tour Golf Champions: Pacific Links Hawaii Championship, second round. (HD) Golf Now (HD) Golf Now (HD) Golf Now (HD) Golf Central (HD) P.G.A. Tour Golf
Beat the Chefs (CC) (HD) (PG) Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed
Backyard Wedding (2010, TVF). Alicia Witt, Frances Fisher. (CC) (HD) Honeymoon for One (2011, TVF). Nicollette Sheridan, Greg Wise. (CC) (HD) The Flower Girl (2009, TVF). Marla Sokoloff. (CC) (HD)
Home by Novo Living Abroad Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Love It or List It
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “Hot & Colt.” (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “Pin It to Win It.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (10:31)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:02)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:32)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
Evidence Evidence The Investigators “Lethal Beauty.” Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence Investigators
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Dirty Little Lies (CC) (HD)
Scorned: Love Kills “Sunday School Killers.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Bizarre Love Triangle.” A bride vanishes. (N) (HD)
Deadly Affairs “Fatal Finale.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Scorned: Love Kills “Sunday School Killers.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After (CC) (HD)
The Ringer (2005). Johnny Knox-
ville, Brian Cox. (PG-13) (HD) (6)
The Last Legion (2007). Colin Firth, Ben Kingsley. Loyal warriors protect Rome’s last emperor. Tedious journey to Brittania. (PG-13) (HD)
The Last Legion (2007). Colin Firth, Ben Kingsley. Loyal warriors protect Rome’s last emperor. Tedious journey to Brittania. (PG-13) (HD) (10:15)
Killer Among Us (2012, TVF). Tess Atkins, Tom Cavanagh. (CC) (HD) (6)
Virtual Lies (2011, TVF). Christina Cox, Marc Menard. Husband’s on-line hookup turns dangerous. (CC) (HD)
Unstable (2012). Ashley Scott, Ivan Sergei. Divorcée may have stalker on her hands. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Virtual Lies (2011, TVF). (HD) (12:01)
Overnight Delivery (1996). James Belushi. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6)
. The Good Guy (2009). Alexis Bledel, Scott Porter. Trader’s protégé becomes his rival. “Wall Street” Junior. (R) (CC) (HD)
Prime (2005). Meryl Streep. 30-something woman dates the 20-something son of her therapist. Streep is too much with the Yiddishisms. (PG-13) (CC)
. The Good Guy (2009). (CC) (HD)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Lisa Lampanelli: Dirty Girl The comic performs. (CC) (MA)
D.E.B.S. (2004). Sara Foster, Jordana Brewster. Teenage spies out to rescue one of their own. (PG-13)
> Daria “Quinn the Brain.” (CC)
> Daria “Mon-
ster.” (CC) (PG)
> Daria “Fair Enough.” (CC)
> Daria “The Daria Hunter.”
Comedy Central Presents (CC)
Narrow Escapes of World War II The Bridge at Remagen (1969). George Segal, Robert Vaughn. (PG) (CC) The Bridge at Remagen (1969). (PG) (CC)
M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights.M.L.B. Regional Coverage. (HD) Quick Pitch
M.L.S. Columbus Crew vs. New York Red Bulls. (HD) Red Bulls Post 10 to One Vault: Woodson M.L.S. Columbus Crew vs. New York Red Bulls.
College Football North Texas vs. Kansas State. (HD) Belmont Park 30 Horse Racing Summer Stakes.Pride
Caught on Camera Lockup (HD) Lockup: World Tour (HD) Lockup: World Tour “Israel.” (HD) Lockup: Raw (HD) Lockup: Raw
Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD)
College Football IndyCar Racing Auto Club Speedway. From Fontana, Calif. (HD)
The Whale That Exploded (HD) The Whale That Ate Jaws (HD) Snipers, Inc. (HD) (PG) Family Guns “Family at War.” (HD) The Whale That Ate Jaws (HD) Snipers, Inc.
Victorious (HD) Victorious (HD) Spectacular! (2009, TVF). Teen rebel joins new band. (CC) (HD)
> George
> George
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan Ni Hao, Kai-lan Yo Gabba
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
Lonesome Dove “Leaving.” Cattle drive to Montana. (CC) (Part 1 of 4) Lonesome Dove “On the Trail.” (CC) (Part 2 of 4) (PG) Lonesome Dove “The Plains.” (CC) (Part 3 of 4) (PG)
Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (N) (14) Iyanla, Fix My Life (N) (PG) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Sweetie Pie’s
The Wedding Planner (2000). Jennifer Lopez, Matthew McConaughey. (PG-13) (CC) Shallow Hal (2001). Gwyneth Paltrow, Jack Black. (PG-13) (9:40)
They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?They Do It?
Carriers at War: USS Enterprise Unbelievable Flying Objects (HD) Apocalypse The Second World Apocalypse The Second World Unbelievable Flying Objects (HD) Apocalypse
College Football Connecticut vs. Maryland. (CC) (HD) Mets Postgame SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
Nascar Racing Speed Center NCWTS Setup Nascar Racing Camping World Truck Series: Iowa. From Iowa Speedway in Newton. (HD) Nascar Racing Sprint Cup: Geico 400, qualifying.
The Patriot (2000). Mel Gibson, Heath Ledger. (R) (HD) (5:30) Robin Hood (2010). Russell Crowe, Cate Blanchett. Hero battles sheriff and high taxes. Lumbering medieval tea party. (PG-13)
Project Runway (CC) (Part 2 of 2)
. Julie & Julia (2009). Meryl Streep. Blogger’s gimmick involves Julia Child. Breezy and charming. (PG-13) (HD)
. Julie & Julia (2009). Meryl Streep. (PG-13) (HD)
Get to Work An ex-con hopes to get his son back. (CC) (HD) (14)
. The Deep End (2001). Tilda Swinton, Goran Visnjic. (R) (CC)
Always Crashing in the Same Car
Cassandra’s Dream (2007). Ewan McGregor. London brothers agree to kill for money. Modest, dark success for Woody Allen. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Student Services (CC) (HD)
Aladdin and the Death Lamp (2012, TVF). Kandyse McClure, Noam Jenkins. Aladdin must find a way to imprison en evil genie.
Pegasus vs. Chimera (2012, TVF). Nazneen Contractor, Sebastian Roché. Flying horse battles evil shapeshifter.
Aladdin and the Death Lamp (2012, TVF). Noam Jen-
kins. Aladdin must find a way to imprison en evil genie.
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> Seinfeld “The Nap.” (HD)
> The Big Bang Theory (14)
> The Big Bang Theory (14)
> The Big Bang Theory (14)
> The Big Bang Theory
Franklin & Bash “Viper.” Jared and Peter defend a crime fighter. (HD)
Twister (1996). Helen Hunt. Divorcing scientists chase tornadoes. Fantastic roller-coaster ride. (PG-13) (HD)
The Wheeler Dealers (1963). James Garner, Lee Remick. (6)
Sunrise (1927). George O’Brien, Janet Gaynor. Silent. Gaynor won best actress as farmer’s wife.
. Strangers on a Train (1951). Farley Granger. Hitchcock’s tennis champ and blackmailing psycho. Dazzling suspense, start to finish. (PG) (CC)
. Dial M for Murder (1954). TLC
Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real
. The Bourne Supremacy (2004). Matt Damon, Franka Potente. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
. The Bourne Ultimatum (2007). Matt Damon, Julia Stiles. Amnesiac super spy’s third adventure. Fantastically kinetic. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Con Air (1997). Nicolas Cage, John Cusack. (R) (CC) (HD)
Extreme Pig Outs (CC) (HD) (G) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14) Ghost Adv.
Top 20 Most Shocking (14) S. Beach Tow S. Beach Tow S. Beach Tow S. Beach Tow S. Beach Tow S. Beach Tow Forensic Files Forensic Files S. Beach Tow
Cosby Show The Cosby Show (CC) (G) (7:43) Cosby Show
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
> NCIS “Chained.” Tony goes under cover. (CC) (HD) (PG)
> NCIS “SWAK.” Biohazard isola-
tion. (CC) (HD) (PG)
> NCIS “Mind Games.” A serial killer withholds information. (HD) (PG)
> NCIS “Boxed In.” Tony and Ziva become trapped. (CC) (HD) (PG)
. Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Harrison Ford, Karen Allen. (PG) (CC) (HD)
Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta (14) Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta (14) Basketball Wives LA (HD) T.I. and Tiny T.I. and Tiny Mama Drama (HD) (14) National-Van
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Swamp Bride.” (CC) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (N) (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (CC) (HD) (G)
Extra Innings This Week in Football
> Center Stage Yanks Mag.Yankeeography It Gets Late Early Out There Football
9 P.M. (Starz) A DANGEROUS METHOD (2011)
A disturbed young Russian, Sabina Spielrein
(Keira Knightley),is delivered to a clinic in
Zurich in the early 20th century, where a doctor
named Carl Jung (Michael Fassbender)
performs a newtreatment called
psychoanalysis to help her. Soon she becomes
his lover and finally a colleague. But as
emotionally connected as Sabina is to Jung, it is
with his mentor, Sigmund Freud (Viggo
Mortensen, above left,with Mr. Fassbender),
that she finds a more cerebral affinity. Writing in
The New York Times, A.O. Scott called this film
from David Cronenberg, based on a play by its
screenwriter, Christopher Hampton,and drawn
from a book by John Kerr, a “subtle and
intellectually thrilling true story.” The movie “is
full of ideas about sexuality — some quite
provocative, even a century after their first
articulation — but it also recognizes and
communicates the erotic power of ideas,” he
said. “There are scenes of kinky activity
between Sabina and Jung that will no doubt
enjoy long life in specialized corners of the
Internet, but the most unsettling aspect of ‘A
Dangerous Method’ may be the links it suggests
between sex and thinking. The mind is both
slave and master of the body’s appetites, and
the absurd and terrifying task of stabilizing that
dynamic, in theory and in practice, is embraced
equally by the film and the fragile, serious
historical figures who inhabit it.” 8 P.M. (Nat Geo Wild) DOG WHISPERERThe
series ends as its star, Cesar Millan, is bitten by
Holly, a Lab whose owners worry that she may
display aggression toward their toddler son.
APES (2011) In this rebooted origin story for the
1968 classic “Planet of the Apes,” James Franco
portrays Will Rodman, a scientist and romantic
idealist who is one mistake away from becoming
a latter-day Frankenstein at a pharmaceutical
giant. When a chimp that has run amok is killed,
Will’s father (John Lithgow), who has
Alzheimer’s,gives Will her baby, called Caesar,
to raise. As his dad’s condition worsens,Will
turns his father into another experiment,
becoming both the son and the parent to his own
two lab rats. Writing in The Times, Manohla
Dargis called the movie, directed by Rupert
Wyatt, “good, canny-dumb fun,” adding that it
“may be primarily a calculated business
decision, but it’s also a smiley wag (or flick) of
the environmental finger.”
TRUFFAUT & BERGMAN “City Cinematheque”
presents four new prints of films directed by
either François Truffaut or Ingmar Bergman,
starting with Truffaut’s
“Wild Child” (1970).In it
Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard,
a doctor (played by
Truffaut, far right, with
Jean-Pierre Cargol) at the
National Institute for the
Deaf and Dumb in Paris,
tries to civilize Victor
(Jean-Pierre), a boy found
living wild in the forests of
Aveyron in southern France. Vincent Canby,
writing in The Times, called it Truffaut’s “most
mature, most radical, most lovely film to date.”
10:45 P.M. (Starz) THE IDES OF MARCH(2011)
George Clooney, Grant Heslov and Beau
Willimon received an Oscar nomination for best
adapted screenplay for this political drama. Mr.
Clooney,below,also directed the film and stars
in it as Mike Morris, a Pennsylvania governor
turned dream candidate for the Democratic
presidential nomination. Ryan Gosling plays
Stephen Meyers, a hotshot tactician who
becomes involved with an intern (Evan Rachel
Wood) with a powerful father and a secret that
could derail Stephen’s career and the Morris
campaign. Philip Seymour Hoffman and Paul
Giamatti are senior
advisers battling for
Stephen’s loyalty.
And Marisa Tomei is
a reporter trying to
get at the truth. “Mr.
Clooney handles the
plot complications
with elegant
dexterity,” A.O. Scott
wrote in The Times about this adaptation of Mr.
Willimon’s play “Farragut North,” loosely based
on Howard Dean’s 2004 Democratic primary
campaign. “As an actor, he works best in long,
understated scenes that allow him to play with
nuances of charm and menace, so it is not
surprising that, as a director, he gives the rest of
the cast room to work,” Mr. Scott added. “But
the parts of ‘The Ides of March’ — quiet scenes
between Mr. Gosling and Ms. Wood; swirling,
Sorkinesque exchanges of banter; any time Ms.
Tomei or Max Minghella (as a campaign worker
grooming himself to be the next Stephen
Meyers) are in the room — are greater than the
MacFarlane hosts this 38th-season opener;
Frank Ocean performs. KATHRYNSHATTUCK
16th-century Persian Koran with exqui-
site decoration; a 16th-century Hebrew
poem written for Queen Elizabeth I,
urging her to support Hebrew scholar-
ship at the University of Oxford,as had
her father, King Henry VIII. It all comes from the Bodleian Librar-
ies at Oxford, which has one of the
world’s most important collections of
Hebrew manuscripts. These examples
were first gathered in 2009 for an exhibi-
tion at Oxford called “Crossing Bor-
ders: Hebrew Manuscripts as a Meet-
ing-Place of Culture.” Its curators, Piet
van Boxel and Sabine Arndt (who also
edited an informative catalog),suggest-
ed that as exiled Jews established com-
munities in vastly different cultures,
their manuscripts both reflected the
world around them and influenced it in
unusual ways. Even when the texts
themselves were relatively unchanging,
their script and illumination testified to
a dynamic, shifting relationship to the
dominant cultures and religions of
Christianity and Islam.
The curator at the Jewish Museum,
Claudia Nahson, uses most of the same
material but organizes it slightly differ-
ently to highlight the multilingual con-
versation, forming a capsule history of a
people’s textual sojourn. The manu-
scripts have also been hauntingly
mounted by the exhibition designer,
MESH Architectures, in vitrines, each
illuminated by beams from LEDs pro-
jected down, so that when a visitor
looks across the galleries, the open codi-
ces seem to hover against the deep red
walls, a sensation at once reverential
and elevating. (MESH also designed
the show’s rich Web site: bodleian
There are some problems that come
up, but the overall impact is powerful,
with each display creating a miniature
colloquy among texts. In some of the
earliest material, for example, we see a
vertical Hebrew scroll (a “rotulus”) of
the 10th or early 11th century. But by
that time, we learn, another form of tex-
tual presentation had become domi-
nant: the codex, which is close in form
to our printed books. And,indeed, the
other items in the case, though older
than the rotulus, are from codices. Why
were Hebrew codices so late in appear-
ing? In the catalog the scholar Anthony
Grafton suggests it may have been de-
liberate, perhaps to emphasize religious
differences, particularly since the codex
had become widely used as a portable
means of proselytizing for Christianity.
But elsewhere in the exhibition, imi-
tation is more the rule than rejection.
Biblical commentary by the 11th-centu-
ry Jewish scholar Rashi influenced
Christian texts,and we see a 13th-centu-
ry Hebrew Psalter extensively annotat-
ed in Latin and French. We also see how
Islamic decorative style affected He-
brew scripts and influenced illumina-
tions of both the New Testament and
the Hebrew Bible. One of the most beautiful objects here
— the show’s centerpiece — is the 922-
page Kennicott Bible, “the most lavishly
illuminated Hebrew Bible” to survive
from medieval Spain. It was completed
in 1476, less than 20 years before the ex-
pulsion of the Jews,and is so elaborate
it almost undermines itself, a sacred
text more enticing for its decoration and
its encyclopedic embrace of Islamic,
Christian and folk styles than for its
content. Its entire text has been
scanned and put online by the Jewish
Museum; each of its pages can also be
examined at the exhibition on a se-
quence of mounted iPads. Other examples of transformations of
religious symbols are fascinating. Three
manuscripts here display a common
Christian motif in 15th-century Italy:
the Virgin with a unicorn on her lap,de-
fending it from a hunter. The unicorn
had become a symbol of Christ,so the
image was an allusion to the Incarna-
tion.But even seemingly secular im-
ages of unicorn hunts could be seen as
allegories of persecution. With its status
as a targeted innocent, the unicorn also
became a Jewish symbol, the hunt in-
voking another kind of persecution. So when the first page of an elabo-
rately illustrated 1472 Hebrew Bible
fromItaly includes an image of a wom-
an with a unicorn,as well as an image of
Adam and Eve about to eat from the for-
bidden tree, how is this to be interpret-
ed? This is a manuscript with a consid-
erable scholarly “apparatus,” including
commentary and readings, meant, we
are told, for a synagogue. Was a Chris-
tian illustrator of the Hebrew text en-
gaging in a subtle polemic? Or had the
symbols become so bipolar they could
sustain incompatible meanings? These are difficult matters, but the
currents of cultural influence run
through these texts. We see a 15th-cen-
tury book of fables in Hebrew that is a
13th-century translation of an Arabic
translation of a 4th-century Sanskrit
source:a collection of stories about
scheming jackals.It is adjacent to a
14th-century Arabic version of the fa-
bles from Syria, and a 15th-century
printed book from Strasbourg that is a
Latin translation of an early Hebrew
translation of the Arabic. We learn,too,
that such texts led to the development
of original Hebrew stories during the
same period. And while examples of the transmis-
sion of knowledge during this era have
become more familiar in recent years,
there is still something uncanny about
seeing three examples of Euclid’s “Ele-
ments” open to the same diagrams and
proofs in 13th-century Arabic, 14th-cen-
tury Hebrewand 13th-century Latin. The final gallery here also begins to
put the collection itself in context, an-
other astonishing phenomenon: how
English Protestants in the late 16th cen-
tury established Hebrew as a central
subject for study. Thomas Bodley, a He-
braist and humanist, re-established a li-
brary at Oxford that had been plun-
dered and provided the foundation for
its renowned holdings. There is one issue that is missing
here, though it would have been difficult
to explore it without considerably more
explanation (and perhaps other manu-
scripts). In the early examples of the in-
fluence of Hebrew commentary on
Christian scholars, we see a bit of what
was at stake in these cultural and reli-
gious interactions: religious reinterpre-
tations had to be grounded in a thor-
ough understanding. But then the show
ends up paying very little attention to
substance, focusing instead on similar-
ities of style, script and image that lie
more on the surface of these texts. Such cosmetic resemblances encour-
age a sense of vague ecumenism. The
interactions among the three religions
were described as “practical coopera-
tion” at Oxford and here as “intellectual
exchange,” but we don’t really under-
stand much more about the content be-
hind the form. When stylistic influences were
present, for example, were there intel-
lectual or religious transformations that
accompanied them? Did beliefs change
along with textual styles? What was the
nature of the relations among these
communities? Even the rise of Protes-
tant Hebraism might have been ex-
plored more deeply. In a way, we are its
heirs: early Puritan settlers imagined
the New World’s possibilities through
the imagery of the Hebrew Bible. But this is also asking for far too
much, as if we were seeking elaborate
discourses instead of appreciating the
muted conversations. An acknowledg-
ment of the complexities would have
sufficed. As for inspiring deeper inqui-
ry, that, after all, is a measure of the ex-
hibition’s success. From left, a page from the Kennicott Hebrew Bible;a miniature of Thomas Bodley painted by Nicholas Hilliard; the Virgin Mary with a unicorn in a 15th-century Italian manuscript.
What Books
Of 3 Faiths
Talked About
Books of many eras displayed in vitrines at the exhibition “Crossing Borders: Manuscripts From the Bodleian Libraries,” at the Jewish Museum.
From First Arts Page
“Crossing Borders” is on view through
Feb. 3 at the Jewish Museum, 1109 Fifth
Avenue,at 92nd Street; (212) 423-3200, The brassiest moment in “My Audio
Biography,” Bobby McFerrin’s collabo-
ration with the Jazz at Lincoln Center
Orchestra, running through Saturday
at the Rose Theater, subjects a hal-
lowed text to some studious
whimsy. It’s the third move-
ment of Beethoven’s Seventh
Symphony, arranged for big
band by Jazz at Lincoln Cen-
ter’s artistic director, Wynton
Marsalis. With its galloping
triplets, the arrangement moves faith-
fully, up until a growlingly barrelhouse
section, the concert hall equivalent of a
nudge in the ribs. “My Audio Biography,” which kicked
off Jazz at Lincoln Center’s 25th-anni-
versary season on Thursday night, has
every justification for this bit of canoni-
cal horseplay. Mr. McFerrin, one of the
world’s most famous vocal chameleons,
has also enjoyed what he calls a career
as an “accidental conductor,” and Bee-
thoven’s Seventh was the work with
which he made his baton-wielding de-
but. There was another connotation in the
repertory choice, one that had more to
do with context. Jazz at Lincoln Center
started 25 years ago as the provisional
outgrowth of a classical institution, with
canonicity near the center of its agen-
da. Over the years it has weathered its
share of criticism from those who see
its mission as strictly museum work.
And “jazzing the classics,” to use a term
derisively applied to the Jazz Age band-
leader Paul Whiteman, might seem to
play right into those misapprehensions. But Mr. Marsalis, who has earned ac-
claim in both jazz and classical music,
doesn’t bow to that argument. Neither
does Mr. McFerrin, another musical
thinker attracted to both spontaneity
and formalism. The concert included just one mo-
ment in which the two artists engaged
directly with each other: a friendly jaw-
ing session on Charlie Parker’s “Donna
Lee,” which ended just as it was getting
interesting. This evening was explicitly
more about large-canvas concerns. The concept was simple: Mr. McFer-
rin had selected a dozen pieces of music
that played a significant role in his de-
velopment, including spirituals he asso-
ciated with his father, Robert Sr., the
first black man to sing at the Metropoli-
tan Opera. The concert opened with one
of these, “Lord, I Can’t Stay Away,” in
an arrangement that flattered Mr.
McFerrin’s understated delivery. (The
arrangement was the work of Chris
Crenshaw, a trombonist in the band; the
concert involved a total of 10 arrangers,
all from within the ranks.) Among the other pieces that Mr.
McFerrin sang in his natural register,
the one closest to his speaking voice,
was “Yes Sir, That’s My Baby,” set at a
Count Basie saunter. In his improvisa-
tion on that tune, Mr. McFerrin slipped
into his rich falsetto to emulate a horn:
a trademark device, all too easy to take
for granted. What stood out here were
the details of phrasing and note place-
ment, and the almost compositional
structure he devised. The most magical properties of Mr.
McFerrin’s voice — the mentholated
coo, the multi-octave flip, the taut elas-
ticity of timbre and pitch — were of-
fered in measured doses. He evoked a
terse but affecting Miles Davis on both
“Prelude No. 2,” by George Gershwin,
and “Selim,” by Hermeto Pascoal. And
he fashioned a swirl of arpeggios in the
introduction to Simon and Garfunkel’s
“Scarborough Fair,” which had an ac-
commodating guest turn by Paul Simon
himself. (Reluctantly accepting a call-
up from the audience, Mr. Simon adapt-
ed gracefully to Ted Nash’s arrange-
ment, and to Mr. McFerrin’s off-the-cuff
style.) What felt missing from much of the
concert was the raw spirit of adventure
that typifies Mr. McFerrin’s perform-
ances, and especially his solo a cappella
work. Clearly a conscious decision had
been made to emphasize the conver-
gence between vocalist and ensemble. The respectful affinity in that ex-
change made it almost possible to ig-
nore the downsides: that the program,
for all of its autobiographical illumina-
tion, left an important facet of Mr.
McFerrin unobserved, and that his nat-
urally impish demeanor made Jazz at
Lincoln Center and its house band seem
a little more stolid than they really are.
Bobby McFerrin
, with microphone, joining Wynton Marsalis, left, and the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra at the Rose Theater. MUSIC
CHINEN “Bobby McFerrin: My Audio Biography”
repeats on Saturday at the Frederick P.
Rose Hall, Jazz at Lincoln Center, 60th
Street and Broadway; (212) 721-6500,
Showcasing an Eclectic Musical Biography and Some, Not All, of That Jazz
Metropolitan Forecast
...........................Partly sunny, breezy
High 75. In the wake of a weak cold front,
the day will turn out dry with lengthening
sunny periods. It will be cooler than the
past few days with a gentle to moderate
breeze from the northwest.
.................................Clear and cool
Low 58. A dry and clear night is coming up
as an area of high pressure approaches
from the west. It will be cooler than recent
nights and a light breeze from the north
will persist.
High 73. High pressure will move into the
Northeast. It will bring dry weather with an
abundance of sunshine. The humidity will
be low and the temperature a little below
...................Some sun, then clouds
High pressure will move off the New Eng-
land coast. As it does, sunshine will give
way to increasing clouds, and some rain
will move in at night.
....................Rain, then clearing
Tuesday will be cloudy and breezy with
rain and thunderstorms as a cold front ap-
proaches. The high will be 74. Wednesday
will turn out dry with some sunshine and a
high of 75.
A weak cold front crossing the region will
cause showers in some areas this morn-
ing, then most places will have a dry after-
noon with periodic sunshine. It will turn
slightly cooler than recent days with a
gentle to moderate breeze from the north-
west to the north. Ocean wave heights will
be mostly 2 to 3 feet.
High pressure will build eastward from
the Great Lakes to the Northeast today.
Any showers to start the day along the
New England and Middle Atlantic Coast
will be quickly swept out to sea as cooler,
less humid air expands from the Midwest.
Meanwhile, rain will linger over the
South Central States. Much of the rain is
falling on needy areas in Texas, Oklahoma
and Arkansas. A few downpours will also
pop up along the central Gulf Coast and
the east coast of Florida.
In the West, a large area of high pres-
sure will be in control. An offshore flow will
bring hot weather to the Southern Califor-
nia beaches, while more seasonable tem-
peratures are in store farther north on the
Pacific Coast. An approaching cool front
will kick up winds over the northern Rock-
ies and Plains.
High High
Color bands
indicate water
78/64 Partly sunny
Virginia Beach
75/57 Partly sunny
Ocean City Md.
77/52 Partly sunny
Eastern Shore
76/59 Partly sunny
N.J. Shore
77/58 Partly sunny
L.I. South Shore
74/56 Partly sunny and breezy
L.I. North Shore
74/52 A passing morning shower
Cape Cod
70/45 A passing morning shower
Today’s forecast
St. . S
New York
Baton Rouge
Sioux Falls
an Francisco
n Franc
n Franc
os A
an Diego
Salt Lake
anta Fe
Ft. Wor
klahoma C
San Antonio
n A
Corpus Christi
s Chr
s Chr
es M
St. Louis
A system interacting with moisture from the Gulf of Mexico will lead to another round of showers and thunderstorms across Texas today. The rainfall will be beneficial, with nearly 93 percent of the state reporting abnormally dry or drought conditions this weekend. Blinding and flooding downpours will be a threat, especially across southern and south central Texas.
Highlight: Texas Remains Stormy
high 93°
high 76°
low 62°
low 46°
7 a.m.
2 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
............. +2.2°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.2°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 74%Yesterday
............. 78%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 3.82Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 1.81Actual
.................... 4.04Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 42.30Actual
.................. 49.91Normal
Air pressure Humidity
Cooling Degree Days
........... 30.31 1 a.m.High
............ 30.17 4 p.m.Low
............. 83% 7 a.m.High
.............. 38% 2 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
are with those of the last 30 y
..................................................................... 7Yesterday
...................................................... 117So far this month
...................... 1235So far this season (since January 1)
............................... 1043Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Below Above
Below Above
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
National Forecast
New First Quarter Full Last Quarter
Sep. 15 Sep. 22 Sep. 29 Oct. 8
Beach and Ocean Temperatures
10:09 p.m. 11:17 p.m. RISE
6:37 a.m.
7:05 p.m.
6:38 a.m.
10:51 p.m.
1:40 p.m.
9:29 a.m.
8:36 p.m.
6:05 a.m.
6:32 p.m.
7:14 a.m.
11:04 a.m.
9:07 p.m.
3:00 a.m.
5:09 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
75/ 58 PC 73/ 58 S
Bridgeport 80/ 61 0 76/ 55 PC 71/ 52 S
Caldwell 81/ 56 0 74/ 49 PC 72/ 48 S
Danbury 78/ 53 0 72/ 46 PC 68/ 40 S
Islip 77/ 59 0 76/ 54 PC 71/ 51 S
Newark 81/ 61 0 78/ 57 PC 74/ 58 S
Trenton 79/ 56 0.01 76/ 53 PC 73/ 54 S
White Plains 79/ 57 0 73/ 51 PC 70/ 48 S
Albany 81/ 55 0 69/ 44 PC 69/ 41 S
Albuquerque 72/ 49 0 79/ 55 PC 85/ 57 S
Anchorage 55/ 47 0.17 54/ 49 R 55/ 48 R
Atlanta 81/ 62 0.01 86/ 66 PC 86/ 68 PC
Atlantic City 76/ 65 0 76/ 59 PC 74/ 62 S
Austin 80/ 66 1.40 80/ 67 T 83/ 65 T
Baltimore 81/ 60 0 78/ 54 S 76/ 56 S
Baton Rouge 92/ 67 0.04 88/ 68 PC 88/ 71 T
Birmingham 84/ 64 0 88/ 66 PC 87/ 69 PC
Boise 88/ 59 0 88/ 56 S 85/ 52 S
Boston 81/ 62 0 74/ 55 PC 70/ 53 S
Buffalo 77/ 52 0.28 68/ 47 PC 71/ 51 S
Burlington 82/ 57 0 66/ 41 PC 66/ 41 S
Casper 83/ 47 0 82/ 47 S 75/ 37 PC
Charlotte 81/ 59 0 82/ 64 PC 79/ 64 T
Chattanooga 82/ 59 0 84/ 63 PC 86/ 64 C
Chicago 74/ 50 0 78/ 54 S 80/ 56 S
Cincinnati 79/ 50 0 76/ 51 S 76/ 56 S
Cleveland 69/ 49 0.24 70/ 49 PC 73/ 56 S
Colorado Springs 70/ 45 0 80/ 51 S 81/ 46 PC
Columbus 80/ 49 0.02 74/ 49 S 77/ 55 S
Concord, N.H. 82/ 55 0 70/ 41 PC 68/ 35 S
Dallas-Ft. Worth 73/ 67 0.04 80/ 67 T 84/ 69 T
Denver 75/ 48 0 84/ 53 S 86/ 46 PC
Des Moines 78/ 49 0 79/ 55 S 80/ 60 S
Detroit 72/ 48 0.44 74/ 50 S 76/ 56 S
El Paso 73/ 56 0.08 77/ 58 PC 87/ 66 S
Fargo 75/ 46 0 82/ 51 S 72/ 41 PC
Hartford 82/ 59 0 74/ 46 PC 71/ 45 S
Honolulu 87/ 72 0 87/ 73 S 87/ 73 S
Houston 89/ 71 0.12 88/ 70 T 87/ 68 T
Indianapolis 69/ 49 0.05 76/ 53 S 76/ 54 S
Jackson 88/ 63 Tr 88/ 64 PC 83/ 68 T
Jacksonville 85/ 69 0.07 88/ 69 PC 86/ 69 PC
Kansas City 73/ 53 0 78/ 59 PC 79/ 63 PC
Key West 90/ 79 0.06 88/ 80 T 88/ 81 T
Las Vegas 95/ 76 0 96/ 77 S 96/ 77 S
Lexington 81/ 54 0.05 74/ 52 PC 76/ 58 PC
Little Rock 85/ 65 0.11 79/ 65 T 77/ 64 T
Los Angeles 99/ 72 0 99/ 70 S 90/ 68 S
Louisville 83/ 56 0 78/ 57 S 79/ 60 PC
Memphis 86/ 66 0.08 84/ 66 PC 82/ 63 T
Miami 88/ 79 0.02 88/ 78 T 88/ 78 T
Milwaukee 73/ 51 0 70/ 54 S 75/ 57 S
Mpls.-St. Paul 75/ 49 0 82/ 58 S 78/ 56 PC
Nashville 84/ 59 0 80/ 59 PC 79/ 64 T
New Orleans 93/ 73 0.08 87/ 72 T 87/ 72 T
Norfolk 80/ 67 0 78/ 64 PC 77/ 66 PC
Oklahoma City 66/ 60 0.02 76/ 61 C 84/ 64 PC
Omaha 79/ 49 0 78/ 58 S 80/ 60 S
Orlando 83/ 74 0.62 89/ 72 T 89/ 71 PC
Philadelphia 82/ 64 0 78/ 56 S 77/ 59 S
Phoenix 97/ 77 0 97/ 75 S 99/ 76 S
Pittsburgh 81/ 50 0 72/ 47 S 73/ 50 S
Portland, Me. 77/ 59 0 72/ 44 PC 67/ 43 S
Portland, Ore. 87/ 56 0 82/ 53 PC 83/ 57 S
Providence 79/ 62 0 76/ 52 PC 73/ 47 S
Raleigh 83/ 64 0 83/ 62 PC 79/ 63 C
Reno 93/ 57 0 91/ 55 S 87/ 53 S
Richmond 83/ 62 0 80/ 55 PC 79/ 61 PC
Rochester 81/ 51 0.04 66/ 46 PC 68/ 45 S
Sacramento 93/ 58 0 96/ 54 S 90/ 55 S
Salt Lake City 86/ 59 0 84/ 59 S 84/ 52 PC
San Antonio 79/ 68 0.54 80/ 70 T 85/ 67 T
San Diego 84/ 70 0 88/ 68 S 82/ 66 S
San Francisco 67/ 53 0 70/ 51 PC 72/ 52 PC
San Jose 79/ 56 0 82/ 56 PC 82/ 56 S
San Juan 90/ 79 0.12 90/ 79 PC 90/ 79 S
Seattle 79/ 52 0 74/ 53 PC 75/ 54 S
Sioux Falls 79/ 49 0 84/ 56 S 79/ 46 PC
Spokane 83/ 53 0 82/ 50 S 80/ 47 S
St. Louis 72/ 54 0.10 78/ 58 PC 78/ 59 PC
St. Thomas 88/ 79 0.04 88/ 78 S 87/ 79 S
Syracuse 86/ 53 0 66/ 46 PC 69/ 44 S
Tampa 89/ 75 Tr 91/ 75 T 90/ 75 T
Toledo 71/ 44 0.12 72/ 46 S 76/ 52 S
Tucson 86/ 65 0 87/ 65 S 93/ 67 S
Tulsa 69/ 60 0.32 76/ 65 PC 83/ 65 PC
Virginia Beach 79/ 67 0 78/ 64 PC 77/ 65 PC
Washington 82/ 63 0 78/ 59 S 79/ 64 S
Wichita 74/ 54 0.03 78/ 60 PC 82/ 64 PC
Wilmington, Del. 81/ 60 Tr 76/ 54 S 75/ 53 S
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 81/ 56 0.05 82/ 60 S 90/ 61 S
Cairo 88/ 70 0 91/ 72 S 95/ 73 S
Cape Town 72/ 51 0 79/ 55 S 86/ 55 F
Dakar 88/ 78 0 88/ 77 T 87/ 75 T
Johannesburg 75/ 50 0.24 59/ 46 Sh 62/ 46 Sh
Nairobi 81/ 58 0 80/ 53 PC 83/ 52 PC
Tunis 79/ 61 0.03 81/ 64 S 83/ 63 Sh
Baghdad 104/ 77 0 106/ 76 S 109/ 78 S
Bangkok 90/ 75 0.03 90/ 77 R 90/ 79 T
Beijing 79/ 50 0 79/ 55 S 81/ 55 S
Damascus 95/ 64 0 96/ 58 S 99/ 64 S
Hong Kong 84/ 77 0 88/ 77 PC 89/ 75 S
Jakarta 92/ 74 0 93/ 74 PC 93/ 78 T
Jerusalem 79/ 63 0 85/ 67 S 87/ 68 S
Karachi 88/ 82 0 89/ 82 PC 92/ 77 S
Manila 82/ 77 1.35 88/ 77 T 87/ 77 R
Mumbai 87/ 77 0.30 84/ 77 T 86/ 77 T
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 90/ 80 0.61 93/ 78 T 93/ 77 T
Riyadh 101/ 75 0 100/ 76 S 101/ 73 S
Seoul 71/ 62 0.08 77/ 63 C 73/ 64 PC
Shanghai 74/ 66 0 79/ 68 PC 77/ 68 PC
Singapore 87/ 79 0 88/ 77 T 88/ 79 T
Sydney 63/ 45 0 68/ 48 PC 72/ 50 PC
Taipei 83/ 76 1.33 82/ 75 R 81/ 72 Sh
Tehran 90/ 70 0 86/ 67 T 84/ 64 S
Tokyo 88/ 79 0 88/ 77 T 88/ 77 R
Amsterdam 64/ 54 0.15 65/ 53 PC 69/ 58 Sh
Athens 84/ 75 0.02 83/ 73 Sh 81/ 69 T
Berlin 68/ 46 0.08 64/ 49 C 71/ 52 PC
Brussels 63/ 50 0.02 65/ 50 PC 73/ 52 PC
Budapest 63/ 54 0.08 73/ 51 PC 77/ 54 PC
Copenhagen 59/ 54 0.14 63/ 53 PC 64/ 58 C
Dublin 61/ 52 Tr 63/ 50 PC 61/ 46 Sh
Edinburgh 61/ 52 0.13 59/ 51 PC 61/ 49 Sh
Frankfurt 70/ 48 0.01 66/ 48 PC 72/ 51 S
Geneva 68/ 52 0 73/ 44 S 74/ 49 S
Helsinki 59/ 45 0.44 61/ 50 PC 63/ 52 PC
Istanbul 86/ 64 0 84/ 70 PC 86/ 73 S
Kiev 77/ 48 0 71/ 52 Sh 67/ 47 PC
Lisbon 93/ 63 0 92/ 64 S 86/ 64 PC
London 70/ 57 0 70/ 54 S 69/ 56 PC
Madrid 90/ 50 0 91/ 59 S 91/ 64 PC
Moscow 72/ 50 0 66/ 49 C 59/ 44 Sh
Nice 75/ 61 0 79/ 63 S 78/ 62 S
Oslo 61/ 46 0.56 63/ 44 PC 63/ 47 R
Paris 63/ 46 0 71/ 48 PC 75/ 53 S
Prague 63/ 43 0 64/ 48 C 68/ 48 PC
Rome 64/ 59 0.38 74/ 60 S 79/ 61 S
St. Petersburg 60/ 52 0.15 59/ 49 Sh 62/ 48 S
Stockholm 57/ 45 0.33 63/ 47 PC 61/ 55 PC
Vienna 64/ 54 0 65/ 51 PC 70/ 50 S
Warsaw 64/ 50 0.04 65/ 47 Sh 67/ 49 PC
Acapulco 91/ 77 0.07 91/ 77 PC 91/ 76 T
Bermuda 79/ 68 0.49 82/ 76 Sh 83/ 76 PC
Edmonton 79/ 37 0 61/ 32 S 60/ 32 S
Guadalajara 79/ 59 0.34 82/ 57 T 80/ 59 T
Havana 90/ 73 0.02 89/ 70 R 89/ 71 T
Kingston 90/ 81 0 90/ 79 T 90/ 78 PC
Martinique 91/ 73 0 89/ 72 S 88/ 72 PC
Mexico City 75/ 56 0.05 77/ 52 T 76/ 55 T
Monterrey 81/ 69 0.21 81/ 67 T 83/ 65 T
Montreal 81/ 61 0.11 63/ 44 PC 63/ 53 S
Nassau 87/ 77 0.20 89/ 79 PC 89/ 78 PC
Panama City 91/ 74 0 88/ 73 T 88/ 74 T
Quebec City 82/ 57 0 62/ 44 PC 63/ 46 S
Santo Domingo 90/ 73 0 89/ 73 T 89/ 73 S
Toronto 70/ 59 0.16 64/ 44 PC 76/ 57 S
Vancouver 66/ 52 0 69/ 50 C 69/ 48 S
Winnipeg 68/ 30 0 82/ 46 S 59/ 41 PC
Buenos Aires 75/ 61 0 79/ 61 T 70/ 57 PC
Caracas 95/ 78 0.05 94/ 77 S 93/ 77 S
Lima 66/ 59 0 69/ 57 PC 69/ 58 S
Quito 68/ 54 0 70/ 49 T 69/ 50 R
Recife 82/ 75 0 83/ 75 PC 83/ 74 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 75/ 67 0 83/ 67 S 87/ 71 S
Santiago 63/ 45 0 70/ 41 S 68/ 41 S
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Wind will be from the northwest at 10-20 knots. Waves will be 2-3 feet on the ocean, 1-2 feet on Long Island Sound and 1 foot or less on New York Harbor. Visibility good aside from an early-morning shower.
Atlantic City ................... 7:21 a.m. .............. 7:35 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet ................ 7:32 a.m. .............. 7:44 p.m.
The Battery .................... 8:09 a.m. .............. 8:17 p.m.
Beach Haven ................. 9:02 a.m. .............. 9:14 p.m.
Bridgeport ................... 11:12 a.m. ............ 11:33 p.m.
City Island .................... 11:04 a.m. ............ 11:22 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ................. 8:30 a.m. .............. 8:42 p.m.
Montauk Point ................ 8:51 a.m. .............. 9:09 p.m.
Northport ..................... 11:07 a.m. ............ 11:28 p.m.
Port Washington .......... 10:50 a.m. ............ 11:08 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................... 7:44 a.m. .............. 7:56 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet ............ 7:05 a.m. .............. 7:17 p.m.
Stamford ...................... 11:15 a.m. ............ 11:36 p.m.
Tarrytown ....................... 9:58 a.m. ............ 10:06 p.m.
Willets Point ................. 11:01 a.m. ............ 11:19 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 80/ 64 0
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Datehere 0, 2012
The New York Times Magazine defines the national discourse every week, exploring a broad range of compelling subjects in captivating ways, chronicling the way we live now.
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September 16
September 30
October 14
October 28
December 9
December 30
In recent weeks, Baltimore Ravens
linebacker Brendon Ayanbadejo has
been praised in many quarters for sup-
porting the legalization of same-sex
marriage. His stance is not new, but it
reached a wider audience after a Mary-
land legislator urged the Ravens owner
Steve Bisciotti to silence him. Supporters of gay marriage rallied
around Ayanbadejo;the Ravens and
others in pro football backed him;and
Ellen DeGeneres exchanged glowing
messages with him on Twitter. For Ayanbadejo, 36, it was a com-
forting shift from 2009, when he became
one of the first athletes from a major
American professional sports team to
speak out in support of same-sex mar-
riage. That year, he found gay slurs di-
rected at him on Internet message
boards. In the Ravens’ locker room,
players made crude remarks and asked
him when he would reveal his homosex-
uality, he said.
“If I was walking by, and they wanted
to be immature and make comments,
I’d keep walking,” said Ayanbadejo,
who has a 1-year-old son and a 6-year-
old daughter with his longtime girl-
friend. “If they wanted to be real men
and have conversations, I would have,
but no one did.”
If those players had heard Ayanbade-
jo’s story, they would have learned how
his views were shaped. His father is Ni-
gerian,and his mother is Irish-Ameri-
can, and he was given the first name
Oladele, which translates to “wealth fol-
lows me home.” But for much of his
childhood, that did not ring true. Ayanbadejo’s parents separated
when he was 3,and his mother, Rita, Standing Up at an Early Age
A Raven’s Views on Gay Rights Are Rooted in His Upbringing
Continued on Page D4
Brendon Ayan-
badejo’s support
of gay marriage
won other N.F.L.
players’ support,
but his message
was not always
HOYLAKE, England — On the 10th
tee, her first hole of the day, Cristie Kerr
stuck her teed ball in the ground. Never
mind the ball staying put;Kerr said she
was nearly swept off
her feet by the
strong winds that
whipped through
Royal Liverpool Golf
Club on Friday, turn-
ing the second round
of the year’s final
major into the Wom-
en’s Brutish Open. Six groups were
sent off the 1st and
10th tees in weather
conditions that were bad even by Brit-
ish Open standards. Some players said
the conditions were the worst they had
ever seen on a course. Nobody finished,
and there was heated debate about
whether any golfer should have started.
“I thought it was iffy when I went
out,” said Michelle Wie, who was play-
ing in the group behind Kerr’s. “I put a
couple balls on the practice green right
before I went out,and the balls were not
stopping,and mind you, that’s a flat sur-
face.” She added:“I would say windy condi-
tions would be 15 miles an hour;20 is
really bad. The gusts were going up to
35 this morning. That’s really, really,
really, really windy.” When the winds reached 60 miles per
hour, with the first players through four
holes, play was suspended.It was called
for the day in the early afternoon. The players who began their second
round in the gale will resume play early
Saturday morning with a fresh start af-
ter all of Friday’s scores were voided.
That news was perhaps most welcome
to the English player Felicity Johnson,
who posted a nine on the par-4 opening
Haeji Kang and So Yeon Ryu were the
With High Winds, Play Is Halted and Day’s Scores Are Voided
Jim Haley,an L.P.G.A. rules official, indicating to Erina Hara, left, that she
needed to re-mark her ball on the 12th green as Cristie Kerr looked on. Women’s British Open
Royal Liverpool,
Hoylake, England
Continued on Page D7
Basketball has a beat in
Brooklyn, the borough that
lost Jackie Robinson. Into that
world come the Nets.Page D2.
Le’Veon Bell and No. 10
Michigan State will try to
extend their fast start against
Notre Dame. Page D5.
Since making his first start against the Yankees in
early June 2009, David Price has held up his billing as
the Tampa Bay Rays’ unquestioned ace — a 6-foot-6
left-hander and former top overall draft pick with the
jerky delivery and the fastball
that sings.
The opposing pitcher that
June afternoon, and seven times
against Price since, was C.C.Sabathia. His grasp as the
Yankees’ top pitcher was once certain, too. But on Fri-
day, for the fifth time in eight meetings, Sabathia could
not beat Price, whose record improved to 18-5. And for
the fourth straight start, Sabathia could not spark his
team to a win.
“I’m just not making pitches,” Sabathia said.
The Yankees’ 6-4 loss to Tampa Bay tightened the
race in the American League East —the Rays now trail
the Yankees by three games — but also put the Yankees
(81-63) in position to fall to second place in the division
behind the Baltimore Orioles for the first time since
June 10. The Orioles played on the road against the Oak-
land Athletics late Friday.
The Rays (78-66) would also be watching that game
closely. They entered Friday’s game five games behind
the A’s, who lead the wild-card standings, and with a re-
fined sense of urgency after being swept by Baltimore
earlier this week.
“We’ve been pitching well enough to win games,”
Rays Manager Joe Maddon said. “We finally got the
hits, and some hits in big moments.”
Maddon was mainly referring to a three-run fifth
inning that gave Tampa Bay the lead and slowed
Sabathia’s momentum after he had pitched four score-
less innings. The optimistic start gave way to more con-
cerns about Sabathia’s effectiveness and his health.
Sabathia shrugged off any potential alarms by say-
ing he did not execute his pitches when he needed to.
“I had two strikes a couple times and didn’t make
the pitch to get out of the inning,” he said. “My arm feels
good. The groin hasn’t bothered me. I just have to go out
and pitch better.”
Sabathia’s swift return from the disabled list on
Aug. 24 has not resulted in the exuberant lift the team
was hoping to get from it. He has lost three consecutive
starts for the first time since 2008 and has relinquished
a lead in five straight outings.
His velocity has dipped enough for General Man-
C.C. Sabathia after allowing three runs in the fifth inning on Friday to erase an early Yankees lead. “I’m just not making pitches,” he said.
Sabathia Loses Again to Rays’ Price
YANKEES 4 Derek Jeter, singling in the fifth, added a hit and
scored in the eighth on a two-run homer by Alex
Rodriguez that pulled the Yankees to 5-4.
Continued on Page D3
Before I was to play in the public
school gym or the local Y,and at about
the same time I had my first crush on
Annette, the Mouseketeer, I used to
gaze at the tall,gray steel backboard
with the orange rim. For my first shot, I
used a dodgeball. I didn’t have, let alone
own, a real ball, a Voit. My sporting life in Brooklyn had actu-
ally begun with something smaller than
a dodgeball, playing catch with my fa-
ther with a spaldeen. The pink rubber
ball became my full-time companion;
punchball, stickball, off-the-wall, etc.
My new friend had a big-time bounce
and would often hide under parked cars,
be soaked in sewer water, fly over
fences and break windows. My 25-cent
investment would be protected by
someone calling “chips on the ball” if it
was lost. In the fall, the ball changed
shape. Round became oval: touch foot-
ball, down and outs, throw formation.
But by the time I was 9 or 10 — after
Walter O’Malley betrayed the human
race by taking Jackie and the Duke
away —I walked to the park with my
friend Irwin, crossing the street under
the El tracks by ourselves. Irwin got a
basketball from Twitchy,his father, a
cabby who played full court. We passed
the bakery, the butcher, the pharmacy,
and, there it was, the schoolyard at P.S.
253, empty. It was too early for the big
kids. Jacket and gloves off, I became
Bob Pettit. Irwin was Bill Russell. The
rim was reachable. I would teach my-
self, as in everything else.
The round ball was foreign to me and
a challenge for the simple reason that
nobody else on my block really played.
Just four or five blocks away, however,
across the bridge over the Belt Parkway
into Sheepshead, it was different. I
learned quickly because the ball was an
icebreaker.I would shoot around with
other kids in the park and become
friends. The need was taking hold. I’d
come home, bend a wire hanger on top
of the closed door, roll up a sock, and
pretend. I’d make an actual team, travel
to Williamsburg, Brownsville, Flatbush.
Neighborhoods had no fancy names:
Dumbo, Fort Greene, Carroll Gardens.
The pro team, the Knicks, weren’t
much. One player, a giant named Cham-
berlain, dumped 100 on them in a single
game. At 11, I would hop on the subway from
Coney Island to DeKalb Avenue to 49th
Street — to the Garden: G.O.seats for
pro doubleheaders with youth clinics
before Knicks games hosted by Ken
Sears, Ben Warley, Johnny Kerr and
others. On the way, Nedick’s, Tads, gaz-
ing at gamblers, ticket scalpers, men in
suits smoking. “Tonight,” the marquee
read, “The Philadelphia Warriors vs.
the Detroit Pistons and the Boston Celt-
ics vs. the New York Knicks.” Seventy-
five cents got you obstructed views
from the upper balcony. You could see
three-quarters of the court. You were
Now, I had my own escape because
the space between me and my father
had widened. I would hear about a giant
high school player a few years older, “Al
Cindor,” 7 feet tall, from a Catholic
school, and go down to the Garden to
watch him play before a Knicks game. I
sat there, stunned that a 16-year-old
could rebound and throw a baseball
pass the full length of the court.
Getting Into a Groove
The addiction was now in my blood-
stream — playing day and night, sneak-
ing into the jam-packed Garden for col-
lege tripleheaders, the Holiday Festi-
vals and N.I.T.’s. This was my life, ev-
ery day, the schoolyard, the afternoon
center, the Saturday morning train
rides to the Red Hook P.A.L., Tuesday
nights to the Flatbush Boys Club, to the
St. John’s Recreation Center against the
black kids,to the Yin Bushwick and
“the J” on 86th Street, where a coach
took me into a small room after practice
to wrestle one-on-one.
Basketball took me on bus trips to
Connecticut, Jersey, the Bronx and to
neighborhoods with private homes that
had bumper pool tables in basements.
The game put me on the Long Island
Rail Road for the first time,to Syosset,
where a friend’s mother picked me up in
her car and took me to lunch in the
clean and pleasant little town. It was so
nice, so far from my world. I was com-
pelled to wage combat.They were soft.
Long Island, Queens, Westchester, Jer-
sey, all the same. Pampered, weak kids
who can’t really play.
In the early ’60s, I also heard some
names but didn’t know they had been
anointed legends.Boys High had Con-
nie Hawkins and before him Lenny Wil-
kens and Tommy Davis, the great Dodg-
ers hitter. Wingate, led by a point guard
from my park, Sammy Stern, played in
the Garden for the P.S.A.L.champion-
ship with Roger Brown. Jefferson’s Le-
Roy Ellis teamed with the jump shooter
Tony Jackson, and Erasmus — even the
white kids could leap. Doug Moe be-
came Billy Cunningham, who morphed
into Frank Standard, who split in the
Shulman brothers.
The Brooklyn game had a beat: the
early-morning rise, the 10:30 a.m.walk
into the park, the shooting around, the
water fountain, the choosing of sides,
four-on-four full court, 7 points, win by
2; no such thing as an offensive foul or
three seconds, all pushing and shoving
was allowed. You call your own fouls.
You lose. You wait and wait. Often, you
talk baseball, politics, music and then
drugs. After the games, it was time to grab a
slice or a dip from Mr. Softee before the
walk, in pantomime, shooting a jumper,
practicing a move, to the next park.
Girls? No such thing. What could be
better than that round brown ball?
Brooklyn was flooded with terrific
players who didn’t even make their high
school teams, so they suited up for out-
side fives: the Consumers and the Mus-
tangs.We had team jackets, $9 Con-
verses worn down to holes in the rubber
soles filled with cardboard, spats (ankle
weights) to help us jump, and free
weights to grow stronger. During the
summer, I worked as a waiter at rural
camps, which offered a chance to play
12 hours a day in the sunlight near a
lake for nothing but tips. I also watched the game studiously. I
had favorites: Barry Kramer and Hap
Hairston at N.Y.U.,the McIntyre broth-
ers at St. John’s, Bill Bradley, Bradley
vs.Cazzie Russell, Bradley in the
N.C.A.A.’s, Bradley’s 58-point game,
Bradley running the baseline without
the ball. Out-of-towners came in: Vinnie
Ernst and Jimmy Walker from Provi-
dence, John Austin from Boston Col-
lege, dribbling between his legs, Levern
Tart,Wali Jones.
Sizing Up Other Players
High school was the big to-do. Brook-
lyn featured the so-called Suicide Divi-
sion,made up of mostly black teams.
Boys High, a tiny court with a dunking
line and a student body doo-wop chorus,
“Boys High Mambo, oh-lay, oh-lay”;
Erasmus, Jefferson, Wingate.
We were Lincoln, Lafayette, Madison,
Fort Hamilton, Utrecht, white, Jewish,
Italian and a few Irish and blacks. No-
body needed a media-made slogan, “Hit
the open man.” That was the only way
to play, period, absolute. Sure there
were the nonbelievers, chuckers,but
they came and went, always in denial.
The Catholic schools had their own
league: Bishop Loughlin, Bishop Ford,
St. Francis. Their players could jump,
were wiry and played within systems.I
was allowed to play them only in pre-
season six-quarter scrimmages. In the
spring, however, they would come to my
park in Manhattan Beach,and I would
go to Riis Park in Far Rockaway. They
would carry a case of beer in a cooler,
while I bought orange drinks, kept cold
on dry ice, for 25 cents. Every park had its characters: Rap-
paport,the basket-hanger;Buddy Bear,
the bank shooter;Moose, whose Tou-
rette’s outbursts were never explained;
Klunk, the sideline heckler;and Lee,
the Napoleonic show-off who caught a
flurry of my fists after he intentionally
kicked me below the waist on a three-
on-one fast break. No one ever forgot
the beatings he took or administered.
The schoolyards had inner sections,
usually for stickball or the crazy kids,
who bought model airplane sets just to
sniff the glue to get high, shake you
down for change (which I learned to
keep in my socks), and give each other
tattoos. Puerto Ricans and Cubans hung
around by themselves except for soft-
ball games. When the weather was nice, the flesh
peddlers came out. Older men looking
to cozy up. These were street agents for
college coaches like Frank McGuire, Joe
Lapchick, Everett Case, Lefty Driesell,
Vic Bubas.They were constantly look-
ing, talking to you, giving you lifts home
or to Nathan’s. Every park, from Tillary
Street to Gerritsen Beach had its histo-
ry — players who moved on: Shorty
Newmark;Whitey Reiner;Ditto Tawil,
the jump-shooting fistfighter;and Stan-
ley Felsinger,a 15-year-old senior who,
after he was captain at Columbia, threw
me out of summer camp for drinking
wine. He warned, “This will lead to
worse things.” He was right. No matter
how successful some Brooklyn ballers
became off the court — the television
writer Gary David Goldberg, the bank-
er Alan Fishman, the advertising guru
Ron Berger, captains of the Lafayette,
Erasmus and Lincoln teams — I know
and they knowtheir description of the
perfect day is playing in the park.
At its highest level, Brooklyn was and
is Chris Mullin, Jimmy McMillian,Rudy
LaRusso,Gil Fershtman,Vaughn Har-
per,Jamie Moskowitz,Lloyd Free,
Armond Hill.It has family lineages dat-
ing to the Gallatin brothers, to the Pen-
darvis twins, to Bernard and Albert
King, and to the underachieving Marbu-
rys from Coney Island royalty. For ev-
ery legend who succumbed to the
streets, the Lloyd Daniels and Charlie
Donovans, there is a Mike Dunleavy,
whose determination and work ethic de-
fine the aroma of the word Flatbush.
The forgotten wonders include Charlie
Davis, all-city, first-team Atlantic Coast
Conference player of the year at Wake
Forest, and pro. In the winter of 1966-67,
while at Brooklyn Tech, Davis scorched
everyone for 30, 40, 50 points per game.
So now, here are the Brooklyn Nets,
an idea hatched out of another vision, a
real estate deal, and promoted with the
all-consuming vigor of a tummler bor-
ough president, Marty Markowitz. On
Nov.1,they will become a grand and ap-
propriate replacement for a gaping loss,
a sense of revenge, a concept in the psy-
che of all true Brooklynites.
No doubt, the arena will be filled. But
when all the noise dies down, the child
walking into the gym, ball in hand,
alone, ready to bank his first shot off the
board, that is still the point of the game
and its people. Much has changed. The
sounds of Jay-Z have replaced Little An-
thony and The Tokens. Yiddish and Ital-
ian are now Creole and Russian. The
transistor has died. Even Spike Lee’s
Radio Raheemis 23 years gone. Neigh-
borhoods filled with junkies and hook-
ers where the White Rose was the place
to cop are now buzzin’ trendy. The walk
from park to park in search of proving
yourself is no more. Now kids get free
shirts from sponsors, endure the des-
perate hopes and anger from their fa-
thers to make it in the nasty A.A.U.
world in which thug “coaches” rant and
rave, juice birth certificates and believe
the game is merely about “pressure,
In the new Brooklyn, the argument of
the day revolves around baby strollers,
while the real Brooklynite still waits for
the bus to get to work. The new Brook-
lyn doesn’t know that only 10 years ago,
hailing a yellow cab home from “the
city” was a test of creativity and guts.
“Yeah, well, I’m already inside so what-
taya gonna do about it?” Banks and nail
salons have replaced the record store
and the shoemaker. The scheduled play
date will hopefully at least result in, “I’ll
be Deron, you can be Amaré.”
Dreamers and doers, though, win out.
You can’t get one without the other. So
here comes a new 18,000-seat arena. It
hardly matters that an outsider, Bruce
Ratner, from Cleveland, created the
concept but cannot share the depth of
the Brooklyn soul. Nor can the Nets’
new owner, Mikhail Prokhorov from
Moscow, nor General Manager Billy
King, nor even the cerebral coach Avery
Johnson. Still, they have brought us a triumph
that related to the gut of all Brooklyn
b-ballers: be proud and play to win.
ESSAY The Brooklyn Game Had Its Own Beat
Dan Klores is a Peabody Award-winning
filmmaker and playwright. His first film
was “The Boys of Second Street Park.” Rise early, shoot around,
call your fouls. And
pushing and shoving
were certainly allowed.
When the noise about the Brooklyn Nets quiets down, the sounds of pickup games will continue in parks, where future stars will get their start and others will dream of it. By NATE TAYLOR
Hakeem Olajuwon, a two-time N.B.A.
champion and a leading teacher of low-
post moves, usually conducts his in-
struction on his ranch in Katy, Tex. But
next week, Olajuwon will visit the
Knicks’ training facility in Greenburgh,
N.Y., to give lessons to the team’s big
Last month, forward Amar’e Stoude-
mire spent two weeks with Olajuwon at
his ranch refining his ability to become
a scorer in the low post. The training
went so well, and Stoudemire’s praise
for Olajuwon was so high, that Mike
Woodson, about to begin his first full
season as the Knicks’ coach, asked Ola-
juwon to work out more with Stoude-
mire, Carmelo Anthony, Tyson Chand-
ler, Marcus Camby and the Knicks’ oth-
er big men. Olajuwon agreed to help,
and he will spend at least a few days
next week in New York. It was Woodson, a teammate of Olaju-
won’s for two years, who asked Stoude-
mire to learn from Olajuwon. When
Stoudemire returned from his trip, he
said Olajuwon showed him a number of
back-to-the-basket moves.
“I’m pretty sure he’s going to put the
ball in my hands more,” Stoudemire
said of Woodson a month ago. “It was
important for him to develop me as a
post player, and I was willing and
Now Woodson wants all his front-
court players to work with Olajuwon.
Much of the Knicks’ success this sea-
son will depend upon Anthony, Chand-
ler and Stoudemire finding better bal-
ance on offense. In June, Phil Jackson,
the former Los Angeles Lakers coach,
said Anthony and Stoudemire did not fit
well together as an offensive pairing.
Jackson also said he did not want to be-
come the Knicks’ coach after retiring in
2011, calling the team clumsily con-
The Knicks are now Woodson’s team,
and it seems he is focused on making
Anthony, Chandler and Stoudemire de-
velop a stronger rhythm on the court.
To do that, he will seek a little help from
an old friend.
Olajuwon Will School Knicks in Low-Post Moves That Put Him in the Hall of Fame
MILWAUKEE — The flat-
screen televisions in the middle
of the Milwaukee Brewers’ club-
house were strangely dark on
Friday after-
The Pitts-
burgh Pirates,
one of the teams the Brewers are
chasing in the National League
wild-card race, were playing the
Cubs in Chicago, and the game
popped up on multiple screens in
the Mets’ clubhouse down the
hall at Miller Park. A few Brew-
ers checked out the broadcast on
the lunchroom television, but
about half the players sat at their
lockers, talking or fiddling with
personal electronic devices.
The score? Irrelevant.
“Not everybody is always TV
watching,” Brewers closer John
Axford said. “At the same time,
we don’t want to count on other
teams. We want to make sure, if
we make this run, we’re going to
do it in our own way. Worrying
about other teams in the wild-
card race is only going to deter
what we’re trying to accomplish.”
The Brewers had enough to
worry about Friday night, losing
by 7-3 to a sinking Mets team that
fell out of contention weeks ago.
Daniel Murphy and Lucas Duda
homered for the Mets, who broke
out after scoring only nine runs
during an 0-6 homestand. That left Milwaukee four
games behind the St. Louis Cardi-
nals, their N.L. Central nemesis,
for the second wild-card spot,
pending the Cardinals-Dodgers
result in Los Angeles. Before Fri-
day, the Brewers had won 18 of 23
to surge over .500 for the first
time since April 12.
“It’s tough to win every one of
them, but if we want to get where
we want to go, we’ve got to do
that,” said Brewers catcher Jona-
than Lucroy.“Nobody’s really
worried about it, because we’ve
got no pressure on us anyway.”
That the Brewers are in the
hunt at all, after tumbling to a
season-worst 12 games under
.500 on Aug. 19, meant that Man-
ager Ron Roenicke’s trips out in
public are more pleasurable.
Roenicke, his wife, Karen, and
son Lance made the two-and-a-
half hour drive to Lambeau Field
in Green Bay on Thursday to
watch the Packers beat the Chi-
cago Bears, 23-10. The family sat
in the stands instead of a suite,
and Roenicke said spectators re-
peatedly talked up the Brewer re-
“Everywhere I went, walked
around in the stands, they were
really nice,” Roenicke said. “It
just shows you how everybody’s
excited about what we’re doing
again. We’re getting to that point
where we’re being talked about.
Three weeks ago, I don’t know if
we were talked about too much —
not in a good way.”
Last year,as a rookie manager,
Roenicke directed the Brewers to
a franchise-record 96 victories
and their first division title since
1982. A turbulent off-season in-
cluded the loss of Prince Fielder
to Detroit through free agency,
and the eventually successful ap-
peal by Ryan Braun, the N.L.’s
2011 most valuable player,
against a possible 50-game sus-
pension for a positive drug test.
The Brewers struggled with inju-
ries, a shaky bullpen and incon-
sistent hitting.
Then, on July 27, after a seven-
game losing streak dropped the
team to 44-54, General Manager
Doug Melvin traded the former
Cy Young Award winner Zack
Greinke to the Los Angeles An-
gels for three prospects rather
than lose him as a free agent this
winter. Melvin said Milwaukee’s
record at the time partly influ-
enced his decision.
But he held off dealing anyone
else, even though the Dodgers re-
portedly had interest in Aramis
Ramirez and Corey Hart.
“We didn’t make a lot of moves
just because we weren’t playing
well,” Melvin said.“I don’t think
the club panicked. I think they
were disappointed in where we
were. I don’t think we ever
thought we were out of it.”
Braun, Ramirez and Hart have
hit well enough all year to stand
second, third and fourth in the
National League in extra-base
hits going into Friday night, be-
hind Jay Bruce of Cincinnati.
Teammates have not swept the
top three positions since Roger
Maris, Mickey Mantle and Moose
Skowron did it in the American
League with the 1960 Yankees.
All three Brewers sluggers,
and second baseman Rickie
Weeks, have been especially pro-
ductive lately, though Hart has
been out since Sunday with a
plantar fascia tear in his left foot.
Braun, whose 38 homers lead
the N.L., has 5 homers and 17
runs batted in since Aug. 20 in a
bid for a second M.V.P. award.
Ramirez has been even better,
with 6 homers and 19 R.B.I.
Ramirez, mainly hitting fourth
behind Braun, has quietly put to-
gether an M.V.P.-caliber second
half, batting .335 with 13 homers
and 39 R.B.I. “The run he’s gone on of late
has been absolutely phenom-
enal,” Axford said. “Because of
maybe where we are, the produc-
tion he’s put together this year
has been overlooked. Surround
that guy with all these other
pieces, and things start to click.”
And Weeks? After a .199 first
half, Weeks has hit .333 since
Aug. 30 with 6 homers and 11
R.B.I. Meantime, the staff ace
Yovani Gallardo contributed
eight quality starts out of nine
since July 31 while going 6-0. The
Brewers won all nine games.
“I know we still have a long
ways,” Roenicke said. “We have a
lot of teams in front of us. But if
we continue to play like we’re
playing, it’s going to be interest-
ing at the end.”
Both Mets Manager
and Milwaukee’s
said they considered a May
15 incident in which D.J. CARRAS-
, then with the Mets, hit RYAN
run a nonissue. Collins removed
from that game,
fearing the Brewers might retali-
Daniel Murphy after hitting a two-run homer in the second inning on Friday night to help the Mets beat Milwaukee. METS 7
Mets Put Brewers’ Surge Into Wild-Card Picture on Pause ager Brian Cashman to say that
he might still be fighting through
some arm pain.
“Obviously, C.C. was signed to
be an ace, so you anticipate that,”
Cashman said before the game.
“But at the same time, you know
recently he was going through an
elbowissue, so it makes you curi-
ous if that still bothers him or not,
whether if he acknowledges it or
Cashman added that there had
been no further swelling in
Sabathia’s left elbow, making the
drop-off more mystifying.
“I still believe in C.C.,” Man-
ager Joe Girardi said. “That’s a
guy that has done so many spe-
cial things for us. I still believe in
On Friday, Sabathia faced a fa-
miliar foe in Price, whom he had
matched up against twice al-
ready this season. It is an inexpli-
cable scheduling fluctuation, giv-
en the mix and muddle of a typi-
cal season, and Sabathia would
be glad if it ceased. With the loss,
he fell to 1-5 with a 4.53 earned
run average in his career against
“Anytime we go out against a
pitcher like Price and have the
lead and then give it up, it’s
tough,” he said.
Sabathia’s night came undone
after a leadoff double by Chris
Gimenez in the fifth. Sabathia
then walked Carlos Pena, threw a
wild pitch, allowed consecutive
run-scoring singles and another
run on a double-play ball. The
Rays took a 3-1 lead.
Curtis Granderson got a run
back an inning later with his 38th
home run of the season.
But after singles by Eduardo
Nunez and Derek Jeter with one
out, the Yankees could not get the
tying run around.
“I’m sure he didn’t pitch as
good as he’d like to, but he still
kept us in the game,” Jeter said of
Sabathia. “We still have a lot of
confidence when he’s on the
In the eighth, Alex Rodriguez
trimmed the lead to one with a
two-run homer. The Yankees put
the go-ahead run on base before
Fernando Rodney got Grander-
son to ground out to second base
to end the threat. He threw a
scoreless ninth to earn his 43rd
Price held the Yankees to two
runs and five hits in seven in-
nings. It was not a dominating
display, but it was effective, with
the right pitches made at what
seemed the right times. And yet
again, it was enough to defeat
his Yankees counterpart.
With a single in the fifth,
for 10th on the career hits list
with 3,284. And with his two-run
homer in the eighth, ALEX RODRI-
scored the 1,889th run of his
career, moving him into ninth on
the career list. ... ANDY PETTITTE
will return from the disabled list
will move back to
the bullpen.
From First Sports Page
Elliot Johnson slid safely past the tag of Russell Martin to score on a single by Ben Zobrist in the seventh inning, extending the Rays’ lead to 4-2. In Battle of Aces, Unsettling Pattern for Sabathia and Yankees
By The Associated Press
Chris Sale threw six scoreless
innings for his 17th win, helping
the Chicago White Sox keep their
one-game lead in the American
League Central by beating the
Twins,6-0,in Minneapolis on Fri-
Sale (17-6) allowed three sin-
gles and struck out five without a
walk, cruising to his third win in
three starts against the Twins
this year.
Sale was supposed to pitch
Thursday at home against De-
troit in the last matchup of the
season between the two division
front-runners, but the game was
postponed because of rain and
will be made up Monday. The Ti-
gers, who beat Cleveland,4-0, on
Friday, are a game behind the
White Sox.
Dayan Viciedo had two runs
batted in, Kevin Youkilis
homered,and Alex Rios doubled,
scored and drove in a run for the
White Sox, who played without
the injured slugger Adam Dunn
for a seventh straight game.
Dunn, who has a strained right
oblique muscle, could return to
the lineup Saturday.
TIGERS 4, INDIANS 0 Justin Ver-
lander (14-8) pitched seven shut-
out innings for visiting Detroit.
Austin Jackson doubled in a
run and scored on Miguel Cabre-
ra’s single as the Tigers took a 4-0
lead after two innings.
vish (15-9) surpassed 200 strike-
outs in his rookie season, and
Josh Hamilton hit his 42nd home
run for host Texas, the A.L. West
Darvish, who pitched in Japan
for seven seasons, struck out
nine in seven innings.
With 205 strikeouts, Darvish is
the first rookie with more than
200 since Daisuke Matsuzaka
struck out 201 batters for Boston
in 2007. He is the 16th rookie,
sixth in the American League,
with 200 strikeouts.
Ian Kinsler of the Rangers hit
his sixth leadoff homer this year,
a ball initially ruled a double be-
fore umpires looked at the replay
and changed the ruling.
ANGELS 9, ROYALS 7 Pinch-hitter
Kendrys Morales had a two-run
homer during a three-run eighth
that lifted visiting Los Angeles
from a 7-5 deficit.
Gomez hit a tiebreaking triple in
the ninth inning for visiting Bos-
ton, which had lost six of seven.
The Red Sox’ Ryan Lavarnway
drove in four runs, three on a
homer. Daniel Nava had a two-
run single and made a terrific
diving catch in left field in the
eighth to preserve a 5-5 tie.
Rollins hit a leadoff homer,
Domonic Brown added a two-run
shot,and John Mayberry and
Ryan Howard each drove in three
runs for visiting Philadelphia. On Thursday, a 6-4 loss to
Houston ended a seven-game
winning streak and left the Phil-
lies four games back for the sec-
ond National League wild-card
CUBS 7, PIRATES 4 Starlin Cas-
tro’s three-run homer helped host
Chicago send Pittsburgh to its
seventh straight loss. Pittsburgh, falling fast in the
N.L. wild-card race, has dropped
11 of 13 over all. The Pirates be-
gan the day three games behind
St. Louis for the final playoff spot.
The Cubs have won four
straight against the Pirates, in-
cluding a three-game sweep last
weekend at Pittsburgh.
MARLINS 4, REDS 0 Jacob Turner
(2-3), acquired from Detroit in
July, threw seven scoreless in-
nings for his first N.L. win as host
Miami ended a three-game losing
streak and stopped Cincinnati’s
three-game winning streak.
Medlen struck out a career-high
13 in seven innings, and host At-
lanta won when Andrelton Sim-
mons scored on Washington
shortstop Ian Desmond’s wild
throw past home in the ninth.
Desmond fielded pinch-hitter
Tyler Pastornicky’s one-hop
grounder and had a chance at
Simmons, but his throw skipped
to the backstop. REDS CLOSER PROGRESSES Cin-
cinnati Reds closer Aroldis Chap-
man, who has not pitched since
Monday, said that his weary
shoulder was feeling better and
that he expected to return in a
few days, though not this week-
sas City Royals outfielder Loren-
zo Cain is probably out for the
season with a strained right ham-
string, sustained Thursday when
he dived for a ball.
ROUNDUP Shutting Out
Minnesota, White Sox
Hold Steady
new Jets ditch practice to attend
leadership retreats. They score
48 points in victory and then act
as if they were shut out. They
speak of good vibes and great
feelings and how last year was
last year and this year is just,
well, different.
And it is. A team that thrived
on publicity, that spoke loudly —
and often —about Super Bowl as-
pirations, has restyled itself, tak-
ing its cues from a master of mo-
tivation, Rex Ryan.
The best coaches have long
latched on to slights and re-
framed the circumstances to
their benefit, and in the face of
perceived ridicule and under-ap-
preciation, the Jets have turned
inward, not out. Bart Scott, for
one, has staged a news-media
In evaluating from a scientific
perspective this shift in philoso-
phy and practice — spurning at-
tention, not craving it — Jack
Bowman, a Long Island-based
sports psychologist, said he sus-
pected Ryan fostered this strat-
egy to increase “team cohesion.”
That, as we all know, was lacking
last year — though, as these Jets
would say,that was last year. But
with this twist has come a sort of
cognitive dissonance, as in:are
these really the new Jets? “The way they’ve flip-flopped,
it feels out of balance, it feels out
of character, this ‘How can he say
we’re the victims — that we’re
the humble pie?’” said Bowman,
the director of Mindplusmuscle
.com, of Ryan. “I think that he’s
using this to throw everybody off.
It’s kind of a smoke screen for the
fact that it still is a huge circus.” It is that word —circus —that
chafes the Jets, who were peeved
by a front-page illustration in The
New York Post last week that de-
picted Ryan, Mark Sanchez and
Tim Tebow as clowns. How they
felt was perhaps understandable,
cast as buffoons despite an on-
field product that in three sea-
sons under Ryan has appeared in
two A.F.C. championship games. It could be argued, though, that
the Jets arrived at that descrip-
tion because of their own doings
— spewing expletives on HBO’s
“Hard Knocks,” encouraging
ESPN’s encampment at training
camp for Tebow updates, taking
private spats public — actions
that prompted Randy Cross, a
former offensive lineman who is
now a football analyst for CBS
Sports, to characterize them
thusly:“There’s something
about their team that always kind
of smacks, ‘Hey, look at us over
Addressing the clown illustra-
tion, and by extension the circus
reputation that led to it, Ryan this
week said it did not represent the
new Jets. “It seems like that’s how peo-
ple look at us,” he said. “I was
like, you can think that all you
want but we see something to-
tally different. I do. And I know
this football team does.When I
said our opponents will take us
seriously, I promise you that. And
they will.”
Ryan’s urging that the Jets
should be judged for who they
are at present seems reasonable
enough, but, given their past,
Bowman said it was difficult to
take his request seriously. “It’s almost like, ‘I’m not bad
today, so why am I being pun-
ished now? I’m being good right
now, so I should get my reward,’”
Bowman said. “Reality is made
up of three pieces:your past be-
haviors, your current behaviors
and the expectations that you’re
putting forward. You can’t deny
two of them and have everything
sit in one place.”
That sensitivity to the outside
perception, in some ways, sug-
gests that the Jets still desire at-
tention just as much as before, as
much as they always have, Bow-
man said. It is just now that they
want to reshape it in a more fa-
vorable way. There is a scientific
term for that. “It’s called having your cake
and eating it, too,” said Dan
Gould, a professor specializing in
sports psychology in the depart-
ment of kinesiology at Michigan
State. “Most football coaches
would like to have you guys write
just what they would like to hear.
In lieu of the fact that they can’t
do that, they’re probably trying
to spin things a little bit.” And from that spin comes that
staple of teams discounted, the
us-against-the-world mentality. It
proved constructive leading into
Sunday’s game against Buffalo,
when the disrespect was raw and
fresh. Calvin Pace said he took it
“personally.” Others did, too. The Jets stifled the skepticism
that day, beating the Bills by 20
points, but that task of deriving
motivation from external sources
could grow a bit tricky if they
keep winning. Bowman speculat-
ed that Ryan could continue to
force that theme because “im-
agery is a powerful thing —they
see that clown car,” but Gould
suggested that more positive cov-
erage would diminish that im-
pact, forcing Ryan to conceive of
other inspirational ploys.
Bowman characterized Ryan
as a “master’s level sports psy-
chologist,” someone who under-
stands principles and expectan-
cies and uses them to his and the
team’s advantage. But when his
longstanding approach of funnel-
ing the attention on himself back-
fired last year, Ryan adjusted.
His players have, too. The 2007 Mets bonded over be-
ing portrayed in a similar fash-
ion, printing up orange T-shirts
that featured a likeness of Bozo
the Clown and “Enough!” on the
front, and “There ain’t a big top
big enough for this circus” on the
back. That team went on to en-
dure one of the biggest collapses
in baseball history. For the 2012
Jets, the season —and their new
attitude, carefully crafted — has
only just begun. “Don’t worry, they’ll be back,”
Cross said. “I have all the faith in
the world that this, too, shall
pass.Because as good as they
looked Sunday, if I’m on that
team, blow up the balloons, get
the elephants and crank up the
parade. I’d rather keep that thing
going as long as you can.”
Meet the Quiet Jets, Who May Be a Lot Like the Old Jets
Rex Ryan has rejected any portrayal of his teamas clownish. “We see something totally different,” he said. “I do. And I know this football team does.”
took him and his older brother
Obafemi from Nigeria to a two-
bedroom apartment in a drug-
infested housing project in Chi-
Ayanbadejo looked forward to
the first day of each month, when
Rita would come home with milk,
cheese and cereal she had pur-
chased with food stamps. They
ate Thanksgiving dinners at the
Boys & Girls Club, and their
Christmas gifts came from local
charities. “The good part about living
there was you were around every
kind of person you could imag-
ine,” Ayanbadejo said. “Differ-
ences didn’t matter, because we
all had struggles.”
When Ayanbadejo was 10,his
family moved to Santa Cruz,
Calif., where they lived in the
campus apartment of a family
friend who attended the Universi-
ty of California-Santa Cruz.
Ayanbadejo began going by his
middle name, Brendon, to fit in.
He starred for Santa Cruz High
School’s football team,but he
was also active in theater,rode a
skateboard and befriended many
openly gay students. He had been
accepted as a biracial boy from a
Chicago housing project, so he
accepted everyone else’s differ-
ences, too, he said.
“He just had a new lease on life
there,” said Ayanbadejo’s sister,
Rosalinda Sanford.
Ayanbadejo became a standout
linebacker at U.C.L.A. and was
involved in social causes. When
some Los Angeles-area schools
cut their arts budgets, Ayanbade-
jo and some friends began teach-
ing theater at elementary schools
three days a week.
In 1998, after California Propo-
sition 209, which barred the state
from discriminating on the basis
of race, sex or ethnicity, went into
effect, Ayanbadejo worked to
publicize the diminished number
of minority students at U.C.L.A. “They were basically saying,
‘If you’re an athlete at U.C.L.A.,
it’s be black,’” Ayanbade-
jo said. “It’s a state school, and I
felt like it had an obligation to
represent its demographics.”
In 2007, Ayanbadejo and the
former Bruins point guard Baron
Davis formed an organization fo-
cused on diversity in higher edu-
“At U.C.L.A., everyone knew
Brendon was different,” said his
longtime friend Michael Skolnik,
the political director for the hip-
hop mogul Russell Simmons.
“Everyone knew the football field
was not his ultimate destination.”
Even though Ayanbadejo was a
first-team all-Pacific-10 Confer-
ence selection as a senior, he was
not selected in the 1999 draft. He
bounced from N.F.L. training
camps to the Canadian Football
League to N.F.L. Europe before
signing with the Miami Dolphins
in 2003. He eventually became
one of the N.F.L.’s top special
teams players with the Chicago
Bears and the Ravens, and he
was selected to three Pro Bowls.
During the 2008 presidential
race, Ayanbadejo said, he grew
frustrated that Barack Obama
did not openly support same-sex
marriage. So in April 2009 he
wrote a blog post published by
The Huffington Post with the
headline “Same Sex Marriages:
What’s the Big Deal?”
“When it comes to identifying
professional athletes who can
help, it’s not easy,” said Brian Ell-
ner, a supporter of same-sex
marriage who has worked with
Ayanbadejo on a referendum in
Maryland to uphold the state’s
same-sex marriage law. “And
Brendon originally did it without
being contacted by anyone.”
Gay rights groups reached out
to Ayanbadejo. He filmed public-
service announcements, took
part in photo shoots and donated
Ravens tickets to fund-raisers.
“It’s an extraordinarily tough
issue for an African-American
pro athlete to take on publicly,
and he’s done it with such grace,”
Skolnik said.
Ayanbadejo does not trumpet
his views in the locker room. He
speaks out only when he hears a
teammate utter a gay slur. But he
is not afraid to share his
thoughts. “In an environment like an
N.F.L. locker room, I think it’s ex-
tremely commendable to have
the courage to stand up for some-
thing like this,” said Domonique
Foxworth,who is president of the
N.F.L. Players Association and
who was Ayanbadejo’s teammate
on the Ravens. “A lot of guys
know these views are out there,
and they may not be as strong as
Brendon and may not be able to
accept the ridicule they may re-
Since Ayanbadejo first spoke
out in 2009, it has become more
common for professional athletes
to support gay rights. The N.B.A.
All-Star Steve Nash, the former
Pro Bowler Michael Strahan and
the hockey player Sean Avery
are among those who have pub-
licly supported same-sex mar-
When the critical letter from
the Maryland delegate,Emmett
C. Burns Jr.,became public in
late August, Ayanbadejo said,he
felt widespread support in the
world of football for the first time.
Minnesota Vikings punter Chris
Kluwe wrote a scathing response
to Burns, the Ravens publicly sid-
ed with Ayanbadejo, and there
were no jokes in the Baltimore
locker room, he said. “A bunch of my teammates
were men about it, and they had
real, honest conversations with
me,” Ayanbadejo said. “That had
never happened before.”
Raven’s Push for Gay Rights Is Rooted in Upbringing
From First Sports Page
Brendon Ayanbadejo grew up in a Chicago housing project:
“Differences didn’t matter, because we all had struggles.”
A player’s social
advocacy dates to his
college days.
FLORHAM PARK, N.J. — Darrelle Revis at-
tended the University of Pittsburgh and grew
up in nearby Aliquippa, but there will be no
homecoming for him this weekend when the
Jets play the Steelers at Heinz Field.
Revis, the All-Pro cornerback who sustained
a concussion in the Jets’ season-opening vic-
tory against Buffalo, was ruled out of Sunday’s
game after failing to receive the N.F.L.-man-
dated authorization to resume contact. League
protocol dictates that players with head inju-
ries must be cleared by a team doctor and an
independent neurological consultant.
Speaking before Coach Rex Ryan an-
nounced the decision, Revis said Friday that
he felt “pretty good” and that “it’s just getting
better every day.” Revis has progressed
throughout the week, going from missing
practice Wednesday to riding a stationary bike
Thursday to performing noncontact drills in
individual and team sessions Friday. “I’ve just got to do what they tell me to do,
and that’s what I’m doing,” Revis said. “Just
following guidelines and what they’re telling
me to do.”
The Jets are telling Revis to stay home, how-
ever much they will miss him — as well as two
other starters, tight end Dustin Keller and out-
side linebacker Bryan Thomas, who will sit out
Sunday’s game with hamstring injuries. All
are significant losses against a Pittsburgh
team that is smarting from a loss Sunday night
in Denver and that presents serious chal-
lenges to the Jets on both sides of the ball.
Revis’s absence will put greater pressure on
the Jets’ pass rush to harass Ben Roethlis-
berger, who shines at extending plays and has
a stable of speedy receivers — Antonio Brown,
Emmanuel Sanders and Mike Wallace — to
pass to. Without Revis, the Jets will elevate the
third-year corner Kyle Wilson to start opposite
Antonio Cromartie.Ellis Lankster will take
over Wilson’s duties as the third corner, with
Isaiah Trufant also expected to play in nickel
and dime packages. “I always believe that the guys that step up
and replace the guy have to maintain that lev-
el, or even a little better,” Ryan said. “In this
case, we’ll take a little less with the Darrelle
Revis deal.” Keller is one of Mark Sanchez’s favorite tar-
gets, a comfortable option in the middle of the
field who can line up at tight end or receiver.
He originally hurt his right hamstring Aug. 26
during the Jets’ preseason game against Caro-
lina, but he recovered to play Sunday against
Buffalo. The injury diminished his productivi-
ty and availability, limiting him to 29 of the
Jets’ 67 offensive plays.
Jeff Cumberland will start in place of Keller,
and the Jets added Dedrick Epps,who had
been with the team in training camp, to their
active roster from the Bears’ practice squad.
Ryan said Garrett McIntyre would start in
place of Thomas. Revis Is Ruled Out of Steelers Game
Each week, two of college football’s sea-
soned observers, Pre-Snap Read’s Paul Myer-
berg and Robert Weintraub of Football Outsid-
ers, get together over e-mail to discuss the big-
gest games and story lines around the country.
Hey Paul,
In a nifty coincidence, the big game of the
weekend involves a team that made the big-
gest off-field news of the week: Notre
Dame. The Irish travel to East Lansing for an
encounter with Michigan State three days af-
ter announcing they would join the Atlantic
Coast Conference for five annual games (and
full time in all other sports except hockey),
thus clouding the future of the rivalry with the
Spartans. At a stroke, Notre Dame improves its
postseason possibilities and its recruiting,
which hasn’t been nearly the machine it was
two decades ago, when the Irish often vied for
national supremacy with Miami and Florida
State, teams with whom it now shares a con-
ference. But that is not until 2014, and we have
a game Saturday. Notre Dame barely escaped
Purdue last week, rescued by the once-dis-
graced backup quarterback Tommy Rees, who
came off the bench to lead the winning drive to
a last-second field goal. Everett Golson retained his starting job,
but Coach Brian Kelly will have a short leash.
More worrying is Notre Dame’s offensive line.
Supposedly a strength, the unit was pushed
around by the Boilermakers, and Sparty’s de-
fense is to Purdue’s what a forest fire is to a
smoldering ember. Throw in Le’Veon Bell, the
nation’s fifth-leading rusher, and a fired-up
group out for revenge from last season’s whip-
ping at the hands of the Irish, and Michigan
State should prevail. What other action has
you fired up?
Hi Rob, I’ve been really impressed by Gol-
son’s ability to prolong plays. Through two
games, that’s been one major difference be-
tween Golson and Rees, though Rees did save
Notre Dame’s bacon late against Purdue.
I love the Notre Dame-Michigan State
matchup. Do you remember the last time the
Irish visited East Lansing? In 2010, Mark Dan-
tonio dialed up a fake-field-goal pass with no
time left rather than try a potentially game-ty-
ing 46-yarder; Aaron Bates, the holder, took
the snap and fired a strike to Charlie Gantt for
a 29-yard touchdown. Spartans 34, Irish 31.
It’s a great Saturday. Alabama will beat
Arkansas by 75 points. Southern California
heads to Stanford, looking to break a three-
game losing streak to the Cardinal. Florida
heads to Tennessee in a key Southeastern Con-
ference East game. All of a sudden, it’s plod-
ding Florida versus high-flying Tennessee. A
lot has changed, right?
Talk to you soon, Paul
Paul, Steve Spurrier would be in shock at the
reversal of personality in Gainesville, except
that he’s presiding over a similar grind-it-out
attack at South Carolina.
But that’s what I love about college foot-
ball — the way things can change so drastical-
ly from year to year. Case in point is the
U.S.C.-Stanford game. Last year, it was An-
drew Luck’s overcoming a late pick-6 to lead a
clutch drive and help the Cardinal eventually
win in triple overtime. But now Luck, along
with several other offensive stars, is in the
pros, and it’s Southern California coming up-
state with the N.F.L.-ready players.
On the subject of the worm turning, Wake
Forest somehow has beaten Florida State in
four of the last six tries, including two of three
in Tallahassee. If truly national title
material, it should send Wake back to Tobacco
Road with a loss.
Paul, do you see any top-25 team getting
by a bolt from the blue and getting upset this
Glad you asked, Rob. I can think of a few. How about No. 25
Brigham Young at Utah? The Cougars have
yet to be tested through two games (Washing-
ton State and Weber State). Meanwhile, the
Utes are fresh off a disappointing loss at Utah
State last week.
But would that really be an upset? I
wouldn’t think so. The two ranked teams that
should be somewhat wary heading into Satur-
day are No. 13 Virginia Tech and No. 19 Louis-
Until next time, Paul
The Quad
College Letter Men
Golson will
start for Notre
Dame. Below,
Virginia Tech
players with
Coach Frank
EAST LANSING, Mich. — Le’Veon
Bell took the handoff, his second of
the season, moving fast enough to
make everyone else look slow. He
spotted a safety 7 yards away and ran
purposefully toward him. Beyond the
safety was space. Michigan State had won 22 games
in Bell’s first two seasons. The Spar-
tans’ No. 13 preseason ranking this
year, behind Michigan, was a mis-
take, he believed. This perceived dis-
respect was not new, and Michigan
State’s response — having Bell meet
it head on — was poetic: the formerly
underappreciated running back pro-
pelling his perennially underappreci-
ated team. Now,in a prime-time season open-
er against Boise State, Bell eyed the
safety. Later, he would say, “I wanted
to make a signature play.” So Bell
leapt, fully extending his front leg, so
high his arms swung as if to prevent
him from rising higher. At Bell’s peak,
the diving safety was barely in the
picture, foundering below. Bell’s legs began to churn midair.
He tripped and was tackled after 23
yards, but he popped up with swag-
ger, his teammates mobbing him, his
message delivered. Bell touched the ball 50 times — 44
carries, 6 catches — and gained 265
yards and scored two touchdowns
against Boise State. The Spartans
won, 17-13, with Bell carrying the ball
nine times on their final, game-icing
drive. Such a workload supported
Coach Mark Dantonio’s meritocratic
philosophy. “We’ll always ride the hot back,” he
Rewarding production, largely with
a cast of underappreciated recruits, is
what Dantonio has done in his six
years at Michigan State. That strat-
egy has the Spartans, who have never
been to a Bowl Championship Series
game, ranked No. 10 heading into Sat-
urday’s home game against No. 20
Notre Dame. “I can live with everything as long
as we do the best we can,” Dantonio
said. “As long as we overachieve, as
long as we prepare, as long as we go
into every game with the mind-set
that nothing’s entitled, that we have
to earn everything we get regardless
of what happens, I can live with it and
know that we can bounce back.”
It is a mind-set found perhaps no-
where else among the top-10 teams:
the Spartans feel confident yet un-
Bell has been familiar with that jux-
taposition since he was playing for
Groveport Madison High School in
Ohio. Bell said he was a bigger back
— he is 6 feet 2 inches and 244 pounds
now — and scouting services could
not seem to decipher how fast he was.
He was labeled a two-star recruit
without the speed of an elite back.
Bowling Green, Marshall and Eastern
Michigan offered scholarships.
“He was sort of a fringe guy for the
Big Ten,” Dantonio said.
Hearing that sentiment, Bell’s high
school principal, Donis Toler Jr., en-
couraged him to take summer classes
after his junior year and graduate in
December, so if a B.C.S.-caliber pro-
gram suddenly began recruiting him,
he could enroll at that university ear-
ly in the spring. That way Bell could
prove himself before his higher-rated
peers arrived.
At Michigan State, meanwhile, two
running backs left the team,and once
the regular season ended in Decem-
ber 2009, Dantonio went searching for
two recruits to replace them. Coinci-
dentally,Toler’s father had coached
Dantonio during his playing days.
Dantonio offered Bell a scholarship,
figuring his size — 217 pounds at the
time — dictated a move to linebacker
if he was not fast enough for running
back. After all, Dantonio needed only
depth behind the highly regarded Ed-
win Baker and Larry Caper.
“We really felt like the two tail-
backs we had, Caper and Baker, were
going to be the two guys for the next
three years,” Dantonio said. But Bell
arrived that spring and impressed
with his body control and fluidity. He
spun and faked his way past defend-
ers naturally and was more than fast
With a prototypical build of size
and power in Dantonio’s bruising of-
fense, Bell ran angrily in his first six
games, showing off for the teams that
had doubted him. Baker was Danto-
nio’s hot back then, but Bell rushed
for 549 yards, averaging nearly 8
yards a carry. “I really wanted to make them
pay,” Bell said, but his physical style
led to two injured shoulders. Baker
kept producing, and Bell ran for 56
yards the rest of the season, which
the Spartans ended ranked No. 14 af-
ter being unranked in the preseason.
Still, Dantonio’s philosophy of fa-
voring the hot back was reassuring
and also self-fulfilling, since the more
carries one back got, the stronger he
ran. “If you get in a rhythm like that,
you could carry the ball 100 times if
you want to,” said Caper,who had led
the team in carries before Bell’s
freshman season and is now Bell’s
primary backup and good friend. Bell dedicated himself to film study
and became the Spartans’ hot back as
a sophomore last season. Bell had 12
more carries than Baker and ran for
283 more yards and 7 more touch-
downs.He also caught 35 passes.
Dantonio raved that Bell was hard-
nosed enough to cover kickoffs if he
wanted to. The Spartans, meanwhile,
finished ranked No. 11 after starting
the season at 17. But Bell craved the glory, as did his
team. This summer, on his own, he be-
gan some days sprinting in a pool at 7
a.m., filled his days with extra weight
lifting and often found himself, after
midnight,jogging on a treadmill for
up to 45 minutes. “If I take too many hits, I don’t
want my body breaking down on me,”
Bell said. “I knew this year would be
one of those years that I could put my
name out there.”
Then Bell saw that safety, the only
obstacle between him and the end
zone. Then Bell leapt, the kind of gau-
dy move rarely associated with Mich-
igan State. Then Bell flexed his mus-
cle and ran over Boise State defend-
ers, more true to form.
“What do I like about his running
style? I don’t know where to start,”
said T.J. Duckett, the 250-plus-pound
back who is sixth on Michigan State’s
career list with 3,379 rushing yards.
“The way he runs, he reminds me a
lot of myself, but he’s better than I
was. I mean, he spins, he jumps, he
blocks, he stiff-arms.”
Duckett added, “He wants to be
great,” and said that such a desire
“comes from a different place.” The morning after the Boise State
game, Bell was sore, but not more so
than after any other game. He has
gained more than 20 pounds of lean
muscle since arriving here, which
helps. His running style is also sleek-
er; rarely, he claims, is he squarely
tackled. And,Caper says, Bell sees
defenders sooner now, which allows
him time to decide whether to go
around, over or through them. So after his encore — 70 yards on 18
carries in a blowout win over Central
Michigan last week — seemed less
than spectacular, Bell still carried
himself with a cool, knowing sense.
“Other people might look at it as
overachieving, but I always felt like I
could do this;I’ve got so much more
to prove,” Bell said, adding, “We feel
like this is what we should be doing.”
Le’Veon Bell eluding a tackler during Michigan State’s season-opening victory over Boise State. “I wanted to make a signature play,” Bell said.
Michigan State Tailback Thrives on Doubts
An overachieving
leader of an
overachieving team.
Paul and Bobby Petrino’s favorite
ways to have fun was far less compli-
cated than the offensive strategies it
produced. The brothers, separated by more
than six years, typically had spring
and summer Sundays off while work-
ing together at Arkansas. They often
spent themat the office, anyway. “Me and him could sit here and
watch tape for eight hours in the off-
season and love it, whether it was
studying the Packers or studying the
Saints or studying Alabama for the
next year,” said Paul Petrino, then
and now the Razorbacks’ offensive
coordinator. College football had been a way of
life for the brothers since their child-
hood in Helena, Mont. Every day af-
ter school, they would travel the
roughly six blocks to Carroll College’s
field.There they held tackling and of-
fensive efficiency charts for their fa-
ther,Bobby Petrino Sr., the college’s
longtime coach. Immersion in the game sparked a
fascination, which fueled record-set-
ting success at Utah State and Lou-
isville. At Arkansas, where Bobby Pe-
trino, the older brother,was the coach
for four seasons,the Razorbacks’
record improved each season,and it
seemed as though they would be a se-
rious contender to win their first
Southeastern Conference title this
season. Saturday was circled as a ma-
jor test, with the defending national
champion,Alabama,coming to town. But that was before April, when
Paul Petrino received a text message
from his wife, Maya, while he was at
work. News had broken that his
brother, injured in a motorcycle acci-
dent a few days before, had not been
alone on the bike, as had been an-
nounced.Paul Petrino soon learned,
along with the rest of the college foot-
ball world, that his 51-year-old broth-
er had been having an affair with Jes-
sica Dorrell, a 25-year-old former Ar-
kansas volleyball player whom Bobby
Petrino had recently hired for the
football department staff. “I’m there for you,” Paul Petrino
said he told his brother in their first
conversation after the revelations. “I
love you.” It was not appropriate to press for
details on the affair or the accident,
Paul Petrino said in an interview this
week, and the two still have not dis-
cussed those topics. “People make mistakes, and he’s
paid for them as greatly as anybody’s
ever paid for a mistake,” Paul Petrino
said of his brother, who is married
with four children. On April 10, Bobby Petrino was
fired. The prolific spread offense that
he had engineered fell to his younger
brother. The transition has sometimes been
awkward. Fans approach Paul Pe-
trino around town, asking about the
accident and the firing. Before Arkan-
sas’s first game, he said, six fans
pulled him aside as he entered Don-
ald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium
with his team. They shook his hand
and then started asking about Bobby. “It’s really not what you want to
talk about at that particular time,” he
said. “Sometimes you’d just like to go
somewhere and hide when people
come up and talk to you about it.” His three children, in elementary
and junior high schools, have learned
to tolerate classmates’ insults about
their uncle. “You tell them as much as you can:
‘Hey, just hang in there, go to school,
be tough,’” Paul Petrino said. “But it’s
still hard on them sometimes. Every-
body says it’ll make them stronger in
the end, but I don’t know if it makes
them strong or not. But it makes them
deal with adversity, I guess.” Paul Petrino is dealing with adver-
sity of his own heading into Satur-
day’s game. Arkansas (1-1) will likely
play without its all-SEC quarterback,
Tyler Wilson, who sustained a head
injury last week before halftime
against Louisiana-Monroe. In the sec-
ond half, the Warhawks came back
from a 28-7 deficit to win,34-31, in
overtime. Petrino was criticized for calling
too many pass plays when the Ra-
zorbacks had the lead, giving the
Warhawks enough time to come back. “He’s always on the attack,” said
quarterback Brandon Mitchell, who
has been splitting snaps with Bran-
don Allen this week in practice. “Even
in the game, he’s not really trying to
run the clock out,but if he can get a
score,he’s going to get the score.” Despite stumbling into their match-
up with Alabama, the Razorbacks still
have elite players like wide receiver
Cobi Hamilton and running back
Knile Davis. And Paul Petrino ex-
pects much more effort this week
against the Crimson Tide. “No matter what the X’s and O’s
are, it still comes down to usually the
tougher team wins,” he said. “The
team that’s hitting and hustling usu-
ally wins.” Petrino said he believed that effort
came only when players truly trusted
a coach. To build that bond, he checks
up on his players, sends practice re-
minders and occasionally jokes
around. He invites them to his home
for barbecue and throws pitches for
them while they use his family’s bat-
ting cage, Mitchell said. This familiarity contrasts with the
style of his brother,who preferred
talking on the football field and
around his office and who hardly ever
called or texted his players, said Da-
vis, Hamilton and Mitchell. “It’s a little easier for Paul to show
affection — the love that they both
share for the kids —it’s a little easier
for Paul to show that than it is for
Bobby,” said John L. Smith, who took
over for Bobby Petrino as coach and
previously coached with the brothers
at Utah State and Louisville. Still, while the brothers may differ
in temperament, they remain bonded
by their love of the game. Bobby Pe-
trino lives in a town house in nearby
Rogers, and he talks with Paul reg-
ularly about the Razorbacks and their
coming opponents, the same way
they used to on off-season Sundays. “It’s hard enough on him right
now,” Paul Petrino said. “It was his
team. It’s hard to ask him stuff, but I
still do.”
One Has Left Arkansas, but Football Still Bonds Petrinos
The offensive coordinator Paul Pe-
trino stayed at Arkansas after his
brother, Bobby, was fired in April.
With N.H.L. teams on track to begin a
lockout at midnight Saturday, the league
engaged in a bevy of activity almost every-
where except the bargaining table.
The highly regarded free-agent forward
Shane Doan re-signed with the Phoenix
Coyotes, and the N.H.L. Players’ Associa-
tion appealed to the labor relations boards
in Quebec and Alberta to block the lockout
in those Canadian provinces.
Still, nothing seemed likely to derail the
lockout. On Friday the league and the un-
ion had contact on certain procedural mat-
ters, but there were no new negotiations.
On Thursday,the N.H.L. Board of Gov-
ernors gave Commissioner Gary Bettman
a unanimous vote of support to shut down
the league when the collective bargaining
agreement expires on Saturday.
“The league is not in a position, not will-
ing to move forward with another season
under the status quo,” Bettman told report-
ers after the board meeting at a Midtown
Manhattan hotel.
A lockout would be the third Bettman
has called since becoming commissioner in
1993. The last one, in 2004-5, cost the entire
season and resulted in a 24 percent pay cut
for the players.
A few blocks away, almost 300 N.H.L.
players gathered for a meeting and a show
of solidarity with Donald Fehr, the union’s
executive director. “If indeed they lock out,” Fehr said, “is
that reasonably calculated to make a deal
more likely or less likely?I think you can
figure out the answer.”
Bettman and the owners are demanding
that players accept 47 percent of league
revenue, a reduction from the 57 percent
they earn under the expiring agreement.
That would amount to a 17 percent pay cut
for the players.Fehr and the players have
offered to reduce their share of league rev-
enue to between 54 percent and 52 percent. After listening to arguments from both
sides during the day, the Quebec Labor Re-
lations Board ruled Friday night against a
motion brought by the union and 16 Mont-
real Canadiens players to block the lockout
in the province. While rejecting the players’ motion for
an injunction, the board ruled that more
hearings were needed before making a fi-
nal determination. Until then, Canadiens
players would be locked out,as players
would in the rest of the league. Players from the Edmonton Oilers and
the Calgary Flames also challenged the
lockout in a motion before the Alberta La-
bor Relations Board.Those hearings are
scheduled for next Friday.
Doan’s decision to stay with the Coyotes
represented confidence in the debt-
strapped club, and a bitter disappointment
for the Rangers,the Vancouver Canucks
and three other teams that made formal
contract offers to Doan, a 16-year veteran
with 318 career goals.
Doan, 35, was with the original Winnipeg
Jets when they moved to Arizona in 1996
and has played with the Coyotes ever
since, becoming team captain in the 2003-4
season. He stayed with the club through
many problems on and off the ice, but re-
luctantly became a free agent on July 1
when it was unclear whether the Coyotes
would find a buyer after three seasons as a
ward of the N.H.L.
He put off a decision several times until
Friday, when he re-signed with the Coyotes
after agreeing to a four-year deal worth
$21.2 million. Doan had said that he would sign with
the Coyotes if the team’s prospective new
owner, Greg Jamison, could complete a
sale agreement with the city of Glendale.
That was unclear on Friday as discussions
continued on the city’s proposal to cut $20
million from a 20-year, $300 million arena
management fee it previously agreed to
pay Jamison.
Other N.H.L. teams scrambled to sign
players on the next-to-last day before all
business would be suspended indefinitely. The Dallas Stars re-signed the veteran
goalie Kari Lehtonen to a five-year, $29.5
million extension. That makes Lehtonen, a
28-year-old with two games of playoff ex-
perience,the league’s sixth-highest-paid
goalie, at almost $6 million a season.
The Canucks re-signed forward Alex
Burrows, 31, to a four-year contract worth
$18 million.
The Washington Capitals re-signed de-
fenseman John Carlson, a 22-year-old for-
mer first-round pick, to a six-year, $23.8
million deal.
The Detroit Red Wings signed the free-
agent defenseman Carlo Colaiacovo, 29,to
a two-year, $5 million deal and gave for-
ward Justin Abdelkader, 25, a four-year,
$7.2 million contract. As N.H.L. Nears Lockout,
Doan Re-Signs With Coyotes
The league and the union
dig in as a deadline looms
at midnight Saturday.
(Top 2 teams qualify)
Oakland 82 61 .573 —
New York 81 63 .563 —
Los Angeles 79 66 .545 2{
Tampa Bay 78 66 .542 3
Detroit 76 67 .531 4{
(Top 2 teams qualify)
Atlanta 82 63 .566 —
St. Louis 76 68 .528 —
Los Angeles 74 70 .514 2
Philadelphia 73 72 .503 3{
Pittsburgh 72 71 .503 3{
Milwaukee 72 72 .500 4
Arizona 71 72 .497 4{
East W L Pct GB
Baltimore 81 62 .566 —
Yankees 81 63 .563 {
Tampa Bay 78 66 .542 3
Toronto 65 78 .455 16
Boston 65 80 .448 17
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 77 66 .538 —
Detroit 76 67 .531 1
Kansas City 65 79 .451 12
Cleveland 60 85 .414 18
Minnesota 60 85 .414 18
West W L Pct GB
Texas 86 58 .597 —
Oakland 82 61 .573 3
Los Angeles 79 66 .545 7
Seattle 69 76 .476 17
Tampa Bay 6, Yankees 4
Detroit 4, Cleveland 0
Boston 8, Toronto 5
Chicago White Sox 6, Minnesota 0
Texas 9, Seattle 3
L.A. Angels 9, Kansas City 7
Baltimore at Oakland
East W L Pct GB
Washington 89 55 .618 —
Atlanta 82 63 .566 7
Philadelphia 73 72 .503 16
Mets 66 78 .458 23
Miami 64 81 .441 25
Central W L Pct GB
Cincinnati 87 58 .600 —
St. Louis 76 68 .528 10
Pittsburgh 72 71 .503 14
Milwaukee 72 72 .500 14
Chicago 57 87 .396 29
Houston 46 99 .317 41
West W L Pct GB
San Francisco 81 62 .566 —
Los Angeles 74 70 .514 7
Arizona 71 72 .497 10
San Diego 69 75 .479 12
Colorado 57 85 .401 23
Mets 7, Milwaukee 3
Chicago Cubs 7, Pittsburgh 4
Miami 4, Cincinnati 0
Atlanta 2, Washington 1
Philadelphia 12, Houston 6
San Francisco at Arizona
Colorado at San Diego
St. Louis at L.A. Dodgers
7:10 Mets (Mejia (R), 0-0, 4.50) at Milwaukee (Marcum (R), 5-4, 3.71)
1:05 Pittsburgh (Rodriguez (L), 10-13, 3.72) at Chicago (Berken (R), 0-0, 18.00)
4:05 Washington (Jackson (R), 9-10, 3.85) at Atlanta (Hanson (R), 12-8, 4.35)
7:05 Philadelphia (Kendrick (R), 9-10, 3.83) at Houston (Keuchel (L), 1-7, 5.35)
7:10 Cincinnati (Cueto (R), 17-8, 2.71) at Miami (Buehrle (L), 12-12, 3.74)
8:10 San Francisco (Zito (L), 11-8, 4.33) at Arizona (Miley (L), 15-9, 3.07)
8:35 Colorado (Pomeranz (L), 1-8, 4.80) at San Diego (Kelly (R), 1-1, 7.07)
9:10 St. Louis (Garcia (L), 4-7, 4.41) at Los Angeles (Blanton (R), 9-13, 4.98)
4:05 Tampa Bay (Shields (R), 14-8, 3.71) at Yankees (Nova (R), 11-7, 4.92)
1:07 Boston (Buchholz (R), 11-6, 4.46) at Toronto (Vllanueva (R), 7-5, 3.48)
1:10 Chicago (Lariano (L), 5-11, 5.37) at Minnesota (Deduno (R), 6-3, 3.55)
4:05 Detroit (Sanchez (R), 7-12, 4.07) at Cleveland (Masterson (R), 11-13, 4.96)
7:10 Los Angeles (Greinke (R), 14-5, 3.68) at Kansas City (Guthrie (R), 7-12, 5.06)
8:05 Seattle (Vargas, J (L), 14-10, 3.85) at Texas (Feldman (R), 6-11, 4.97)
9:05 Baltimore (Britton (L), 5-2, 4.72) at Oakland (Parker (R), 10-8, 3.56)
W L Pct GB
x-Connecticut 22 8 .733 —
x-Indiana 20 10 .667 2
x-Atlanta 18 14 .563 5
New York 13 17 .433 9
Chicago 12 18 .400 10
Washington 5 26 .161 17
W L Pct GB
z-Minnesota 25 5 .833 —
x-Los Angeles 21 10 .677 4
x-San Antonio 19 11 .633 6
x-Seattle 13 17 .433 12
Phoenix 7 23 .233 18
Tulsa 7 23 .233 18
x-clinched playoff spot
z-clinched conference
Friday's Games
Minnesota 66, Indiana 64
Atlanta 82, Washington 74
San Antonio 90, Seattle 66
Tulsa 92, Phoenix 84
Connecticut at Los Angeles
Sporting KC 15 7 6 51 35 25
Chicago 14 8 5 47 37 32
New York 13 7 7 46 46 39
Houston 12 7 10 46 41 34
Columbus 12 9 6 42 33 32
D.C. 12 10 5 41 43 38
Montreal 12 14 3 39 43 46
New England 7 14 7 28 35 38
Philadelphia 7 13 5 26 25 30
Toronto FC 5 17 6 21 31 50
x-San Jose 16 6 5 53 56 33
Seattle 13 6 8 47 43 28
Real Salt Lake 14 11 4 46 38 33
Los Angeles 13 11 4 43 48 40
Vancouver 10 11 7 37 29 37
FC Dallas 8 12 9 33 34 38
Colorado 9 17 2 29 36 41
Chivas USA 7 12 7 28 21 41
Portland 7 14 6 27 27 46
x- clinched playoff berth
Friday’s Games
Sporting Kansas City 1, Houston 1, tie
Colorado at Los Angeles
East W L T Pct PF PA
Jets 1 0 0 1.000 48 28
N. England 1 0 0 1.000 34 13
Miami 0 1 0 .000 10 30
Buffalo 0 1 0 .000 28 48
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 1 0 0 1.000 30 10
Jacksonville 0 1 0 .000 23 26
Indianapolis 0 1 0 .000 21 41
Tennessee 0 1 0 .000 13 34
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 1 0 0 1.000 44 13
Cleveland 0 1 0 .000 16 17
Pittsburgh 0 1 0 .000 19 31
Cincinnati 0 1 0 .000 13 44
West W L T Pct PF PA
San Diego 1 0 0 1.000 22 14
Denver 1 0 0 1.000 31 19
Kansas City 0 1 0 .000 24 40
Oakland 0 1 0 .000 14 22
East W L T Pct PF PA
Dallas 1 0 0 1.000 24 17
Washington 1 0 0 1.000 40 32
Phila. 1 0 0 1.000 17 16
Giants 0 1 0 .000 17 24
South W L T Pct PF PA
Tampa Bay 1 0 0 1.000 16 10
Atlanta 1 0 0 1.000 40 24
New Orleans 0 1 0 .000 32 40
Carolina 0 1 0 .000 10 16
North W L T Pct PF PA
Detroit 1 0 0 1.000 27 23
Minnesota 1 0 0 1.000 26 23
Green Bay 1 1 0 .500 45 40
Chicago 1 1 0 .500 51 44
West W L T Pct PF PA
Arizona 1 0 0 1.000 20 16
San Fran. 1 0 0 1.000 30 22
St. Louis 0 1 0 .000 23 27
Seattle 0 1 0 .000 16 20
THURSDAY Green Bay 23, Chicago 10
SUNDAY Tampa Bay at Giants, 1
Jets at Pittsburgh, 4:25
New Orleans at Carolina, 1
Arizona at New England, 1
Minnesota at Indianapolis, 1
Baltimore at Philadelphia, 1
Kansas City at Buffalo, 1
Cleveland at Cincinnati, 1
Houston at Jacksonville, 1
Oakland at Miami, 1
Dallas at Seattle, 4:05
Washington at St. Louis, 4:05
Tennessee at San Diego, 4:25
Detroit at San Francisco, 8:20
MONDAY Denver at Atlanta, 8:30
BUCCANEERS: DOUBTFUL: CB E.J. Biggers (foot), CB Anthony Gaitor (hamstring). QUESTIONABLE: T Jeremy Trueblood (ankle). PROBABLE: WR Arrelious Benn (knee), RB LeGarrette Blount (neck), G Carl Nicks (toe). GIANTS: OUT: DE Adewale Ojomo (hamstring). DOUBTFUL: LB Keith Rivers (hamstring). QUESTIONABLE: CB Prince Amukamara (ankle), WR Hakeem Nicks (foot). PROBABLE: DT Marvin Austin (back), C David Baas (hip), T James Brewer (back), CB Michael Coe (hamstring), WR Victor Cruz (not injury related), RB Da'Rel Scott (knee).
JETS: OUT: TE Dustin Keller (hamstring), T Dennis Landolt (knee), CB Darrelle Revis (concussion), LB Bryan Thomas (hamstring). QUESTIONABLE: RB John Conner (knee), CB Isaiah Trufant (ankle). PROBABLE: LB Nick Bellore (shoulder), CB Antonio Cromartie (shoulder), DE Mike DeVito (calf), WR Stephen Hill (calf), WR Jeremy Kerley (low back), S LaRon Landry (heel), LB Josh Mauga (rib), G Brandon Moore (hip), DT Sione Po'uha (low back), WR Chaz Schilens (ankle), S Eric Smith (hip, knee).: OUT: LB Stevenson Sylvester (knee). DOUBTFUL: RB Rashard Mendenhall (knee). QUESTIONABLE: LB James Harrison (knee), S Troy Polamalu (calf). PROBABLE: RB Jonathan Dwyer (foot), DE Ziggy Hood (back), T Max Starks (illness).
Winners to WG Final, Nov. 16-18
Parque Hermanos Castro
David Ferrer, Spain, d. Sam Querrey, United States, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-4. Nicolas Almagro, Spain, d. John Isner, United States, 6-4, 4-6, 6-4, 3-6, 7-5.
Parque Roca
Juan Martin del Potro, Argentina, d. Radek Stepanek, Czech Republic, 6-4, 6-4, 6-2. BRAVES 2, NATIONALS 1
Washington ab r h bi bb so avg.
Werth rf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .305
Harper cf 3 1 2 1 1 1 .265
Zimmerman 3b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .285
LaRoche 1b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .269
Desmond ss 4 0 0 0 0 2 .292
Espinosa 2b 4 0 0 0 0 4 .253
Bernadina lf 3 0 0 0 0 2 .296
K.Suzuki c 3 0 1 0 0 0 .255
Detwiler p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .049
C.Brown ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .200
Mattheus p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Mic.Gonzalez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Storen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
S.Burnett p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 32 1 5 1 1 17
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Re.Johnson cf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .305
Constanza ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 .245
O'Flaherty p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Kimbrel p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Pastornicky ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .244
Prado lf 4 0 3 0 0 0 .300
Heyward rf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .274
C.Jones 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .297
F.Freeman 1b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .264
Uggla 2b 3 0 0 0 1 0 .213
D.Ross c 3 0 0 0 0 2 .260
Overbay ph 0 0 0 0 0 0 .276
Je.Baker ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .263
Simmons ss 3 1 2 1 0 0 .306
Medlen p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .111
Bourn ph-cf 2 0 1 0 0 0 .278
Totals 34 2 10 1 2 7
Washington 000 001 000—1 5 1
Atlanta 000 100 001—2 10 0
E—Desmond (15). LOB—Washington 5, Atlanta 10. 2B—Werth (17), Prado (38), F.Freeman (31). HR—Harper (19), off Medlen. RBIs—Harper (50), Simmons (16). CS—Constanza (1). SF—Simmons.
Washington ip h r er bb so np era
Detwiler 6 7 1 1 1 5 94 3.16
Mattheus Î/¯
1 0 0 1 0 15 2.41
Mic.Gonzalez 1 0 0 0 0 2 13 2.61
Storen Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 3 2.95
S.Burnett L1-2 Í/¯
2 1 0 0 0 7 2.44
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Medlen 7 5 1 1 1 13 96 1.62
O'Flaherty 1 0 0 0 0 1 12 1.95
Kimbrel W2-1 1 0 0 0 0 3 10 1.16
T—2:43. A—41,797 (49,586).
Tampa Bay ab r h bi bb so avg.
De.Jennings lf 5 1 2 1 0 0 .251
Zobrist ss 4 0 2 1 1 0 .265
Longoria dh 4 0 0 0 0 0 .281
Thompson pr-dh 0 0 0 0 0 0 .105
B.Upton cf 5 1 1 1 0 2 .250
Keppinger 3b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .325
B.Francisco rf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .238
Fuld rf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .282
C.Gimenez c 4 1 2 0 0 1 .232
J.Molina c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .203
C.Pena 1b 3 1 1 0 1 1 .193
E.Johnson 2b 3 2 1 1 0 1 .245
Joyce ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .251
Brignac 2b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .105
Totals 37 6 9 4 2 6
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter dh 5 1 2 0 0 2 .323
Swisher rf 3 0 0 0 1 0 .257
Al.Rodriguez 3b 3 1 1 2 1 1 .276
Cano 2b 3 0 0 0 1 0 .299
R.Martin c 4 1 1 0 0 3 .208
An.Jones lf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .200
Ibanez ph-lf 0 0 0 0 1 0 .225
Granderson cf 4 1 1 1 0 1 .234
Pearce 1b 3 0 1 1 0 1 .237
I.Suzuki ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .269
E.Nunez ss 3 0 1 0 0 0 .306
Er.Chavez ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .287
Totals 33 4 7 4 4 8
Tampa Bay 000 030 111—6 9 0
New York 010 010 020—4 7 1
E—E.Nunez (5). LOB—Tampa Bay 7, New York 6. 2B—C.Gimenez 2 (3). HR—B.
Upton (23), off Eppley; Granderson (38), off Price; Al.Rodriguez (18), off Jo.Peralta. RBIs—De.Jennings (42), Zobrist (62), B.Upton (68), E.Johnson (33), Al.Rodriguez 2 (52), Granderson (90), Pearce (18). SB—
De.Jennings (27), Thompson (5), E.Johnson (18). DP—Tampa Bay 1; New York 1
Tampa Bay ip h r er bb so np era
Price W18-5 7 5 2 2 2 6 105 2.54
Jo.Peralta H34 Í/¯
2 2 2 1 0 17 3.73
Rodney S43-45 1
0 0 0 1 2 18 0.66
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Sabathia L13-6 6
6 4 4 2 3 110 3.63
Eppley Î/¯
1 1 1 0 0 11 3.61
Rapada Î/¯
1 0 0 0 1 10 2.78
Chamberlain 1 1 1 0 0 2 20 6.28
T—3:23. A—45,200 (50,291).
Through Friday
(x-active; y-played prior to 1901)
Player Hits
1. Pete Rose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4,256
2. Ty Cobb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4,191
3. Hank Aaron . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3,771
4. Stan Musial . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3,630
5. Tris Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3,515
6. y-Honus Wagner . . . . . . . . . . .3,430
7. Carl Yastrzemski . . . . . . . . . . .3,419
8. Paul Molitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3,319
9. Eddie Collins. . . . . . . . . . . . . .3,314
10. x-Derek Jeter . . . . . . . . . . . . .3,285
Kapolei Golf Course
Purse: $1.8 million
Yardage: 6,972; Par 72 (36-36)
First Round
Peter Senior. . . . . . . . . . .33-32—65 -7
Bill Glasson . . . . . . . . . . .33-33—66 -6
Jay Don Blake. . . . . . . . . .35-31—66 -6
Mark McNulty . . . . . . . . . .33-34—67 -5
Eduardo Romero. . . . . . . .34-33—67 -5
Duffy Waldorf . . . . . . . . . .36-32—68 -4
Willie Wood. . . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Tom Lehman. . . . . . . . . . .35-33—68 -4
Tom Purtzer. . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -3
Gary McCord . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -3
Tom Kite . . . . . . . . . . . . .32-37—69 -3
Bob Gilder. . . . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -3
David Frost. . . . . . . . . . . .33-36—69 -3
Corey Pavin . . . . . . . . . . .37-32—69 -3
Dick Mast. . . . . . . . . . . . .32-37—69 -3
Bob Tway. . . . . . . . . . . . .35-35—70 -2
Gene Sauers. . . . . . . . . . .35-35—70 -2
Chien Soon Lu . . . . . . . . .35-35—70 -2
Detroit ab r h bi bb so avg.
A.Jackson cf 5 1 1 1 0 2 .307
Dirks lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .313
Mi.Cabrera 3b 4 1 2 1 0 2 .329
Fielder 1b 3 1 1 0 0 0 .306
D.Young dh 4 0 1 1 0 2 .271
Boesch rf 3 0 2 1 0 0 .247
A.Garcia rf 1 0 0 0 0 1 .294
Jh.Peralta ss 3 0 1 0 1 0 .253
Avila c 3 1 0 0 1 1 .242
Infante 2b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .255
Totals 34 4 8 4 2 10
Cleveland ab r h bi bb so avg.
Choo rf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .280
Kipnis 2b 3 0 0 0 1 1 .253
C.Santana c 4 0 1 0 0 0 .250
Canzler lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .262
Kotchman 1b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .227
Chisenhall 3b 3 0 2 0 1 0 .289
LaPorta dh 4 0 1 0 0 1 .233
Carrera cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .255
Donald ss 2 0 0 0 0 0 .191
Lillibridge ss 0 0 0 0 0 0 .187
Totals 32 0 6 0 2 7
Detroit 220 000 000—4 8 0
Cleveland 000 000 000—0 6 0
LOB—Detroit 6, Cleveland 8. 2B—A.
Jackson (25), Boesch (22), C.Santana (27), Chisenhall (3). RBIs—A.Jackson (58), Mi.Cabrera (119), D.Young (63), Boesch (53). DP—Detroit 1
Detroit ip h r er bb so np era
Verlander W14-8 7 6 0 0 1 6 110 2.82
Benoit 1 0 0 0 0 1 19 3.30
Valverde 1 0 0 0 1 0 11 3.56
Cleveland ip h r er bb so np era
Kluber L1-4 5 8 4 4 2 5 92 5.48
Seddon 2 0 0 0 0 3 24 4.10
F.Herrmann 2 0 0 0 0 2 24 3.86
T—2:53. A—17,185 (43,429).
Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg.
B.Phillips 2b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .293
W.Valdez ss 4 0 0 0 0 0 .196
Votto 1b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .337
Ludwick lf 2 0 0 0 2 0 .273
Bruce rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .258
Frazier 3b 2 0 1 0 1 0 .284
Stubbs cf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .215
Hanigan c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .287
Arroyo p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .138
Ondrusek p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Paul ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .317
Simon p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 29 0 3 0 3 3
Miami ab r h bi bb so avg.
Petersen lf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .223
Ruggiano cf 3 1 2 1 1 0 .322
Reyes ss 4 1 2 0 0 0 .278
Stanton rf 3 0 0 0 1 2 .281
Ca.Lee 1b 3 0 1 1 0 1 .275
Velazquez 3b 1 0 0 0 0 1 .111
Dobbs 3b-1b 4 1 2 1 0 0 .307
D.Solano 2b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .282
Brantly c 2 1 1 0 1 0 .311
Ja.Turner p 3 0 0 0 0 3 .000
H.Bell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Cishek p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 31 4 9 3 3 8
Cincinnati 000 000 000—0 3 0
Miami 001 120 00x—4 9 0
LOB—Cincinnati 5, Miami 6. 2B—Frazier (24), Ruggiano (21). HR—Dobbs (5), off Arroyo. RBIs—Ruggiano (36), Ca.Lee (69), Dobbs (37). DP—Cincinnati 1; Miami 1
Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era
Arroyo L12-8 6 9 4 4 2 6 105 3.74
Ondrusek 1 0 0 0 1 1 13 3.26
Simon 1 0 0 0 0 1 10 2.38
Miami ip h r er bb so np era
Ja.Turner W1-2 7 2 0 0 2 3 101 3.75
H.Bell 1 1 0 0 0 0 11 5.43
Cishek 1 0 0 0 1 0 13 2.51
T—2:34. A—27,111 (37,442).
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
De Aza lf 4 0 0 0 1 1 .276
Youkilis 3b-1b 3 1 1 1 1 0 .237
Wise cf 4 1 1 1 0 1 .276
Konerko 1b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .309
Jo.Lopez 3b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .246
Rios rf 3 1 2 1 1 0 .295
Pierzynski c 3 1 1 0 1 0 .280
Viciedo dh 2 0 1 2 2 0 .252
Al.Ramirez ss 4 0 1 1 0 1 .271
Beckham 2b 4 1 1 0 0 0 .239
Totals 32 6 9 6 6 4
Minnesota ab r h bi bb so avg.
Span cf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .289
J.Carroll 2b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .256
Willingham dh 4 0 0 0 0 2 .259
Morneau 1b 4 0 2 0 0 0 .280
Plouffe 3b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .234
Mastroianni lf 2 0 0 0 0 1 .253
M.Carson rf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .250
Butera c 3 0 0 0 0 2 .208
Florimon ss 3 0 1 0 0 0 .241
Totals 31 0 4 0 0 7
Chicago 010 101 201—6 9 0
Minnesota 000 000 000—0 4 0
LOB—Chicago 7, Minnesota 5. 2B—
Rios (34). HR—Youkilis (19), off Waldrop. RBIs—Youkilis (57), Wise (24), Rios (86), Viciedo 2 (62), Al.Ramirez (68). SB—Wise (17), Mastroianni (20). Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
Sale W17-6 6 3 0 0 0 5 98 2.78
Myers 2 0 0 0 0 2 17 3.65
Thornton 1 1 0 0 0 0 17 3.36
Minnesota ip h r er bb so np era
Vasquez L0-2 5
3 3 3 4 4 113 7.53
Waldrop 1
4 2 2 0 0 22 3.45
Perdomo 1 2 1 1 2 0 23 5.06
Al.Burnett 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 3.20
T—2:48. A—30,729 (39,500).
Seattle ab r h bi bb so avg.
Ackley 2b 3 0 0 0 1 1 .231
M.Saunders cf 3 2 1 1 1 0 .249
Seager 3b 4 1 2 0 0 1 .258
Jaso dh 4 0 0 0 0 2 .272
J.Montero c 3 0 1 2 0 0 .264
Carp 1b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .219
C.Peguero rf 4 0 1 0 0 3 .179
T.Robinson lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .222
Kawasaki ss 2 0 0 0 0 1 .190
L.Jimenez ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .100
Ryan ss 0 0 0 0 0 0 .193
Totals 32 3 6 3 2 12
Texas ab r h bi bb so avg.
Kinsler 2b 5 1 2 1 0 2 .267
Andrus ss 5 1 2 3 0 2 .297
Profar ss 0 0 0 0 0 0 .333
Hamilton cf 5 2 2 2 0 1 .286
Gentry cf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .306
Beltre dh 3 1 0 0 1 0 .319
N.Cruz rf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .254
Mi.Young 3b 2 1 1 0 2 0 .270
Dav.Murphy lf 4 1 2 0 0 0 .315
Soto c 3 1 1 2 1 0 .209
Moreland 1b 2 1 0 0 1 0 .280
B.Snyder 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .281
Totals 33 9 11 8 5 6
Seattle 000 100 002—3 6 2
Texas 101 000 07x—9 11 0
E—Ackley (6), Seager (12). LOB—Seattle 5, Texas 6. 2B—Seager 2 (30), Andrus (29), Hamilton (25), Dav.Murphy (27), Soto (6). 3B—Andrus (8). HR—M.Saunders (15), off Kirkman; Kinsler (17), off Iwakuma; Hamilton (42), off Iwakuma. RBIs—M.
Saunders (46), J.Montero 2 (56), Kinsler (69), Andrus 3 (57), Hamilton 2 (123), Soto 2 (19). S—Moreland. Seattle ip h r er bb so np era
Iwakuma L6-5 5
7 2 2 1 4 88 3.39
O.Perez 1 0 0 0 1 0 14 1.48
Kinney Î/¯
1 1 1 0 0 6 3.86
Luetge 0 1 2 1 1 0 11 3.35
Pryor Î/¯
2 4 1 2 2 30 3.31
Kelley Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 2 3.03
Texas ip h r er bb so np era
Darvish W15-9 7 2 1 1 2 9 110 4.02
Uehara H5 1 0 0 0 0 2 9 2.17
Kirkman 1 4 2 2 0 1 21 4.18
T—3:27. A—45,075 (48,194).
Los Angeles ab r h bi bb so avg.
Trout cf 6 1 2 0 0 2 .331
Aybar ss 5 1 4 1 0 0 .290
Pujols 1b 3 0 0 0 1 0 .284
Tor.Hunter rf 3 1 1 1 2 1 .309
H.Kendrick 2b 5 1 1 2 0 3 .283
V.Wells lf 4 2 0 0 0 0 .220
Trumbo dh 5 1 1 0 0 2 .268
Callaspo 3b 4 0 1 2 1 1 .249
Iannetta c 3 1 1 0 0 1 .250
K.Morales ph 1 1 1 2 0 0 .279
Bo.Wilson c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .218
Calhoun ph 1 0 0 1 0 0 .167
Hester c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .212
Totals 40 9 12 9 4 10
Kansas City ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourgeois cf 3 1 2 1 1 1 .361
Lough ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 .296
A.Escobar ss 5 0 1 1 0 2 .296
A.Gordon lf 4 1 0 0 1 0 .290
Butler dh 4 2 1 1 0 1 .311
S.Perez c 4 0 0 0 0 0 .312
Moustakas 3b 3 1 1 2 0 1 .250
Francoeur rf 4 1 2 2 0 0 .235
Hosmer 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .241
Giavotella 2b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .242
Totals 35 7 8 7 3 6
Los Angeles 000 400 131—9 12 1
Kansas City 021 003 100—7 8 1
E—H.Kendrick (12), Bourgeois (2). LOB—
Los Angeles 10, Kansas City 5. 2B—Aybar (29), H.Kendrick (28), Francoeur (22), Giavotella (7). HR—K.Morales (19), off Collins; Butler (26), off C.Wilson; Moustakas (20), off C.Wilson; Francoeur (13), off Richards. RBIs—Aybar (41), Tor.Hunter (77), H.Kendrick 2 (57), Callaspo 2 (48), K.Morales 2 (66), Calhoun (1), Bourgeois (5), A.Escobar (49), Butler (93), Moustakas 2 (69), Francoeur 2 (40). SB—Bourgeois 2 (5), A.Escobar (29). SF—Moustakas.
Los Angeles ip h r er bb so np era
C.Wilson 5 4 4 3 2 5 87 3.73
Richards BS2-3 1
3 3 1 0 0 29 4.48
Maronde Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 6 0.00
Walden W3-2 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 2 3.60
Jepsen H15 Î/¯
1 0 0 0 0 9 3.03
S.Downs H21 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 2 2.79
Frieri S19-21 1 0 0 0 1 1 30 1.91
Kansas City ip h r er bb so np era
B.Chen 6
7 5 5 1 5 105 5.42
L.Coleman H2 Î/¯
1 0 0 1 2 16 4.03
Crow H18 Î/¯
1 1 1 0 1 11 3.53
CollinsL5-3BS4 0 3 2 2 0 0 11 3.36
Jeffress Î/¯
0 1 0 2 2 25 0.87
Mazzaro Î/¯
0 0 0 0 0 8 5.77
T—3:42. A—27,586 (37,903).
Philadelphia ab r h bi bb so avg.
Rollins ss 6 2 2 1 0 1 .249
Pierre lf 4 2 2 0 1 2 .311
De Fratus p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Ruf ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Horst p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Utley 2b 4 3 2 2 1 1 .258
Howard 1b 4 1 2 3 1 0 .233
Ruiz c 4 2 0 0 1 0 .337
D.Brown rf-lf 4 1 1 2 1 1 .242
Mayberry cf 5 1 3 3 0 0 .260
Frandsen 3b 5 0 2 1 0 2 .341
Hamels p 3 0 1 0 0 1 .238
Schierholtz rf 1 0 1 0 0 0 .244
Totals 41 12 16 12 5 8
Houston ab r h bi bb so avg.
Altuve 2b 5 2 3 0 0 1 .293
B.Barnes cf 5 0 0 0 0 1 .206
Wallace 1b 5 0 1 0 0 2 .263
Maxwell lf 4 2 1 1 0 1 .240
Lowrie ss 4 0 1 0 0 1 .253
Dominguez 3b 4 1 2 0 0 0 .298
M.Downs rf 3 1 1 2 0 0 .206
Del Rosario p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
R.Cruz p 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
C.Snyder c 3 0 0 0 1 2 .188
E.Gonzalez p 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
B.Laird ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .200
Fick p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Fe.Rodriguez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
J.Valdez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Paredes rf 2 0 0 0 0 2 .196
Totals 38 6 9 3 1 12
Philadelphia 400 120 230—12 16 3
Houston 100 210 011—6 9 0
E—Rollins (13), Frandsen (6), De Fratus (1). LOB—Philadelphia 8, Houston 6. 2B—Utley (13), Howard (10), Mayberry (23), Schierholtz (6), Altuve (32). HR—
Rollins (20), off E.Gonzalez; D.Brown (3), off J.Valdez; M.Downs (8), off Hamels; Maxwell (15), off Hamels. RBIs—Rollins (61), Utley 2 (32), Howard 3 (44), D.Brown 2 (18), Mayberry 3 (46), Frandsen (11), Maxwell (44), M.Downs 2 (16). SB—Pierre (35), Utley (7), Ruiz (4). CS—Pierre (7). S—
Philadelphia ip h r er bb so np era
Hamels W15-6 7 7 4 3 1 8 95 3.06
De Fratus 1 1 1 0 0 1 19 0.00
Horst 1 1 1 0 0 3 25 1.14
Houston ip h r er bb so np era
E.Gonzalez L2-1 4 6 5 5 1 2 79 4.40
Fick Í/¯
1 2 2 2 0 13 5.30
Fe.Rodriguez Î/¯
1 0 0 1 1 18 5.73
J.Valdez 1
3 2 2 1 2 43 2.70
Del Rosario Í/¯
4 3 3 0 0 18 8.82
R.Cruz 2 1 0 0 0 3 30 6.27
T—3:31. A—17,535 (40,981).
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Tejada ss 5 0 0 0 0 0 .288
Dan.Murphy 2b 4 2 2 2 1 0 .293
D.Wright 3b 5 1 2 0 0 2 .315
I.Davis 1b 5 0 0 1 0 3 .221
Duda lf 4 1 2 2 0 1 .246
Rauch p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Parnell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Ju.Turner ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .278
R.Ramirez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Valdespin rf 2 0 1 0 1 0 .247
Baxter rf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .263
An.Torres cf 4 1 0 0 0 1 .223
Thole c 3 1 1 1 1 1 .238
Niese p 3 1 2 0 0 0 .216
Edgin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
F.Lewis lf 1 0 1 0 0 0 .143
Totals 38 7 11 6 3 8
Milwaukee ab r h bi bb so avg.
Aoki rf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .286
R.Weeks 2b 4 0 0 0 1 1 .228
Braun lf 3 0 1 0 1 0 .310
Ar.Ramirez 3b 4 0 2 0 0 1 .298
Lucroy c 4 1 1 0 0 0 .321
C.Gomez cf 3 0 1 0 1 1 .249
Ishikawa 1b 4 1 1 1 0 2 .270
Segura ss 3 1 0 0 1 0 .233
Fiers p 1 0 1 1 0 0 .103
Bianchi ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .182
M.Parra p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Li.Hernandez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Farris ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Stinson p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Thornburg p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .250
Morgan ph 1 0 1 1 0 0 .243
Totals 34 3 9 3 4 7
New York 220 003 000—7 11 1
Milwaukee 020 000 001—3 9 2
E—Tejada (11), R.Weeks (16), Segura (4). LOB—New York 7, Milwaukee 8. 2B—D.
Wright 2 (40), Duda (13), Thole (13), Ar.Ramirez (45), Ishikawa (10). 3B—Morgan (3). HR—Dan.Murphy (6), off Fiers; Duda (14), off M.Parra. RBIs—Dan.Murphy 2 (58), I.Davis (79), Duda 2 (53), Thole (21), Ishikawa (24), Fiers (2), Morgan (16). CS—
Valdespin (3). DP—New York 3
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Niese W11-9 6 6 2 2 3 5 109 3.46
Edgin Î/¯
0 0 0 0 0 5 3.33
Rauch Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 7 2.92
Parnell 1 2 0 0 0 0 15 2.91
R.Ramirez 1 1 1 1 1 2 18 4.32
Milwaukee ip h r er bb so np era
Fiers L9-8 5 6 4 4 2 4 93 3.23
M.Parra Í/¯
3 3 1 0 0 21 4.58
Li.Hernandez 1
0 0 0 0 1 18 5.05
Stinson 1 1 0 0 1 1 25 0.00
Thornburg 1 1 0 0 0 2 18 5.40
T—3:11. A—38,216 (41,900).
U.S. Trails Spain in Davis Cup
Even without facing Rafael Nadal, the Unit-
ed States is on the brink of elimination by
Spain, the defending Davis Cup champion.
Sam Querrey and John Isner lost their
matches Friday, giving Spain a 2-0 lead in a
semifinal in Gijón, Spain. David Ferrer put
Spain ahead in the best-of-five series with a
4-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-4 win over Querrey. Nicolás
Almagro beat Isner, 6-4, 4-6, 6-4, 3-6, 7-5, to
leave Spain one point from its fourth final in
five years. The United States must win the
doubles match Saturday to stay in the se-
ries, with the brothers Mike and Bob Bryan
facing Marcel Granollers and Marc López.
The winner will play Argentina or the
Czech Republic in the final in November.
Those teams were tied, 1-1, after their open-
ing matches in Buenos Aires. Argentina’s
Juan Martín del Potro beat Radek Stepanek,
6-4, 6-4, 6-2, and Tomas Berdych topped
Juan Mónaco, 6-1, 4-6, 1-6, 6-4, 6-4. (AP)
Penn State to Review Suggestions Penn State trustees promised to move for-
ward with a detailed evaluation of changes
recommended by the former F.B.I. director
Louis Freeh in response to the child sexual
abuse scandal that tarnished the universi-
ty’s reputation. At the same time, the chair-
woman, Karen Peetz, said the board would
not do a detailed analysis of Freeh’s report,
which concluded that the football coach Joe
Paterno and three other Penn State officials
concealed child molesting allegations
against the retired defensive coordinator
Jerry Sandusky. Paterno’s family and the
officials have firmly denied the findings,
which also have been questioned by many
alumni. (AP)
Progress After Abuse Scandal
Two years after a sexual abuse scandal,
USA Swimming has barred 16 people for life
as part of a wide-ranging program that in-
creased training and led to enhanced back-
ground checks for nearly 36,000 coaches, of-
ficials and volunteers. Susan Woessner, the
governing body’s director of safe sport, said
swimming had turned a corner since revela-
tions that dozens of coaches had inappropri-
ate relationships with underage swimmers.
USA Swimming released a report on its ef-
forts during its national convention in
Greensboro, N.C. (AP)
Lavin Completes Coaching Staff
St. John’s Coach Steve Lavin rounded out
his staff with the promotions of the assist-
ants Rico Hines and Tony Chiles and the hir-
ing of the former N.B.A. guard Darrick Mar-
tin. Martin replaces Mike Dunlap, who
coached the Red Storm for most of last sea-
son as Lavin recovered from prostate can-
cer surgery. Dunlap was hired as coach of
the N.B.A.’s Charlotte Bobcats. (AP)
Obama Praises American Athletes
President Obama gathered Team USA at
the White House to hail the Olympians and
Paralympians as conquering heroes. “We
could not be prouder of you,” he told more
than 400 athletes gathered on the South
Lawn.“You gave us a summer that we will
never forget.” The Americans took home
104 medals for their biggest haul at an
Olympics not held in the United States. (AP)
John Isner, left, with the U.S. captain Jim Courier after Isner lost his match to
Nicolás Almagro in a Davis Cup semifinal against Spain. The U.S. is trailing, 2-0.
Ryan Hunter-Reay was a race-
car driver who needed a road
map. He was not yet 25 when he
lost his third ride in three years
in the flagging Champ Car series
in 2005, and he had to contem-
plate his future, perhaps one
without racing.
“I definitely grazed the bottom,
I think,” he said this week.
Hunter-Reay raced sports cars
and was selected to a driver-
development program for Rick
Hendrick’s Nascar team, later
becoming a test-car driver. He
was merely turning laps, whiling
away the time, when he got a
phone call from Bobby Rahal in
July 2007.
Rahal, the 1986 Indianapolis
500 winner, owned an IndyCar
team with David Letterman, and
he had seen his driver Jeff Sim-
mons wreck enough times to
want to make a change. Rahal
also knew the driver he wanted
to hire.
“I would think that we had a
pretty strong track record of hir-
ing drivers who other people
washed their hands of,” he said.
Hunter-Reay drove six races at
the end of the 2007 season for
Rahal, finishing in the top 10 in
three, and his career took off.
Hunter-Reay, 31, is now driving
for the former racer Michael An-
dretti and is a contender for the
IndyCar Series championship
Saturday night in Fontana, Calif.
Will Power, an Australian who
drives for Roger Penske, takes a
17-point lead over Hunter-Reay
into the season finale. The differ-
ence between finishing first and
fourth in one race is 18 points,
and Hunter-Reay has beaten
longer odds.
“When you’ve weathered the
lows, it makes the highs so much
better,” he said.
After breaking through in 2007,
Hunter-Reay finished sixth in his
first Indianapolis 500 in 2008 and
later won his first series race, at
Watkins Glen, N.Y. Rahal liked
that Hunter-Reay kept his cars in
one piece.
But his sponsor with Rahal
backed out, so Hunter-Reay took
a last-minute six-race deal with
the team owned by Tony George,
the series founder, for the 2009
season. Then Hunter-Reay
moved to A.J. Foyt’s team to fill
in when Vitor Meira broke two
vertebrae in his back.
“Ninety percent of being suc-
cessful in racing is having the for-
titude, commitment and drive to
keep going, no matter what,”
Rahal said.
That year Hunter-Reay’s
mother, Lydia, was fighting a los-
ing battle against colon cancer.
He often commuted between her
hospital in Houston and the race-
track. She died that November.
And because he was a substitute
for Foyt, Hunter-Reay again had
to look for a ride.
Before the 2010 season, Andret-
ti hired Hunter-Reay, who had
sponsorship only through the
Indy 500 in May. But he won at
Long Beach, Calif., in April and
secured enough sponsorship
money to finish the season. Hunt-
er-Reay was a team player, and
“That’s the thing about Ryan
— he can win on any kind of race-
track,” Andretti said after Hunt-
er-Reay staged a late charge
Sept. 2 to win the Grand Prix of
Until this year, Andretti’s team
had included Danica Patrick, who
was an IndyCar sensation before
jumping to the Nascar Nation-
wide Series.
Now Andretti Autosport fea-
tures Marco Andretti, Michael’s
son; James Hinchcliffe; and
Hunter-Reay. The three have got-
ten along, shared notes and cre-
ated a buzz for the series that is
not related to Patrick.
“I think our product is the best
product out there,” Andretti said.
“We do have something to offer.
It actually in some ways has be-
come better because the fans
come to see more than Danica.”
Power won three of the first
four races of the 15-race season,
but Hunter-Reay won consecu-
tive races at Milwaukee, Iowa
and Toronto to become a title
contender. Then he fell 56 points
behind Power after an Aug. 26
race at Sonoma, Calif.
In the next race, at Baltimore,
Hunter-Reay avoided contact
while running on slick tires in a
rain shower, then grabbed the
lead on a daring (and perhaps il-
legal) restart to win the race.
“At times, definitely, things
have to fall your way,” Power said
this week in a conference call.
“There’s probably a little bit of a
luck involved, as there is in every
race and every championship. I
think a mind-set definitely helps.”
The 500-mile race Saturday is
on a two-mile oval. Hunter-Reay
has four IndyCar Series career
victories on ovals, Power just
Hunter-Reay said he would be
trying to win the race, not merely
outrun Power. He put himself in a
position to win the championship
by being brazen. Now he needs to
be smart.
“We took big risks, and we
were rewarded for the risks,” he
said of the race in Baltimore.
Hunter-Reay stands to win a
trophy and a $1 million bonus.
But his two-year contract with
Andretti is expiring. There have
been reports that Hunter-Reay, a
driver scuffling for rides only a
few years ago, has been ap-
proached by the deep-pocketed
Penske. Hunter-Reay declined to
confirm that.
“What he’s doing now is noth-
ing different than what I thought
he could do,” Rahal said of Hunt-
er-Reay. “He’s in a different situ-
ation now than he was a couple of
years ago.”
Once a Vagabond Driver, Now an IndyCar Title Contender ROBERT LABERGE/GETTY IMAGES
Ryan Hunter-Reay has a chance to win the IndyCar championship Saturday in the season finale.
Ryan Hunter-Reay
lost three rides in
three years, all
before age 25.
tember, when daylight decreases
and the winds typically pick up.
This year’s Women’s British
Open was pushed back from its
usual July date so it would not co-
incide with the London Olympics. The players waited out the sus-
pension in the players’ lounge, a
tented area that grew more
crowded and noisy as the day
“We were just telling stories
back and forth about how ridicu-
lous the conditions were,” Wie
said, adding, “I was thinking to-
day, under these conditions,
breaking 90 would be a good
cided to go up to the green to
really make our point that really
it’s unplayable right now.”
Tournament officials said no
records were kept on scores be-
ing voided, but it is known to
have happened at least three
times: in the third round of the
1988 British Open at nearby
Royal Lytham & St. Annes, won
by Seve Ballesteros in a Monday
finish, and in two events on the
L.P.G.A. Tour. Local officials re-
called a men’s event at Royal Liv-
erpool being suspended because
of high winds in the 1980s. That
competition was also held in Sep-
first-round leaders, at two-under-
par 70. Susan Simpson, the Ladies
Golf Union tournament director,
said,“The competitors began
their round in extremely adverse
weather conditions,and condi-
tions subsequently worsened de-
spite our belief that they would
remain stable.”
After reviewing its options, the
Championship Committee de-
cided the second round would be
completed Saturday, with the cut
reduced from 65 players to the
top 50 players and ties. The third
and fourth rounds will be played
Sunday, with a two-tee start and
no redraw after the third round.
The decision to try for an on-time
finish was motivated by the fore-
cast for Monday, which calls for
conditions similar to Friday’s.
“You can’t play under unplay-
able conditions,and that’s what
we did for three holes,” said Kerr,
who was in the first group off the
10th tee with Suzann Pettersen
and Erina Hara. Kerr said on the 12th hole,
which is exposed to the Dee Estu-
ary, “My ball almost didn’t stay
on the tee,and I got knocked over
hitting my tee shot.” Kerr said Pettersen had a
1-foot putt that turned into an
8-footer because the ball moved
as soon as she placed it in front of
her marker. Wie said that by the time she
and her playing partners, Carly
Booth and Beatriz Recari, got to
the 12th fairway, “we were wait-
ing for quite a while because
none of the balls on the greens
were stopping once they were
marking it.” She continued, “I think the
rules official was called over
about four or five times, and fi-
nally the sixth time Beatriz de-
thing.” Karen Stupples, the 2004 Wom-
en’s British Open champion from
England, was in the first group
off No. 1 and started double bo-
gey, birdie, double bogey, par be-
fore play was suspended. She
said she was reduced to hitting
putts while the ball was oscillat-
ing on the green, an experience
she had never encountered in all
of her years playing links golf. “It was an ongoing battle
against the golf ball and the
wind,” Stupples, 39,said, “and
I’m afraid when the wind is like
this, it just won.”
High Winds Halt Play, and a Day’s Scores Are Voided DAVID CANNON/GETTY IMAGES
Cristie Kerr, fighting the winds on the 12th hole, said the conditions were unplayable.
From First Sports Page
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Ironman, the organizer of the
world’s best-known triathlon, will
shut its race in the New York
area after just one year.
The race, which was known as
the Aquadraat Sports Ironman
U.S. Championship, was too ex-
pensive and complicated to host
and too difficult for spectators to
watch, the organizers said, and
the prospects for improving con-
ditions were slim.
“These are pretty big complex
events, but you don’t know what
it takes until you do them,” said
Shane Facteau, the vice presi-
dent for operations of North
America at the World Triathlon
Corporation, which operates the
Ironman races. “We crunched
the numbers, we looked at it, and
at end of the day, this was our
conclusion.You have to weigh
value versus cost.”
Considered one of the most
grueling and competitive triath-
lons, the Ironman includes a 2.4-
mile swim, a 112-mile bike ride
and a 26.2-mile run. While there
are many shorter triathlons in
the New York City area, triath-
letes have long coveted the
chance to compete in an Ironman
event locally.
About 2,300 men and women
registered for the Ironman race,
which was held in mid-August
and took eight years to bring to
fruition. But the event was
marred before it began. Two days
before the race, Westchester
County sent partly treated hu-
man waste into the Hudson Riv-
er, nearly forcing the organizers
to cancel the swimming portion.
On race day, a 43-year-old man
died before he could finish his
swim.Logistics played the larg-
est role in the decision to end the
race. Organizers hired ferries to
take participants from Manhat-
tan to Palisades State Park, then
put them on other boats to take
them farther up the Hudson Riv-
er. The bicycle race was along the
Palisades Interstate Parkway in
New Jersey; the marathon ended
in Riverside Park in Manhattan.
The organizers were also not
allowed to use amplifiers in Riv-
erside Park after 10 p.m., so ath-
letes at the back of the race were
not greeted with the words, “You
are an Ironman” as they crossed
the finish line. They also had to
weave their way past picnickers,
casual joggers and others in the
After the race, some athletes
had to return to New Jersey to
pick up their bicycles.
“Over all, it was an excellent
race, but it certainly added time
to a long day,” said Aaron Lewis,
18, who finished the Ironman in
just under 11 hours. “They did the
best they could with what they
The day after the race, athletes
who had paid the $895 entry fee
this year were invited to enter
next year’s event. The fee,
though, had jumped to $1,200.
The organizers have halted the
registration and refunded the en-
try fees.
“The enormity of going
through it again was really tax-
ing and the spectator experience
was not what they wanted,” said
John Korff, the local organizer of
the race.
Organizers Say Ironman Will Not Return to New York City
An event is said to be
too expensive and too
complicated to repeat.
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were more complex still, for she
had lived the last 26 of her 30
years in a persistent vegetative
state. Today, most people in that
condition die within three to five
Acclaimed by reviewers, “The
Spirit Catches You and You Fall
Down” won a National Book Crit-
ics Circle Award. It has sold al-
most 900,000 copies, according to
its publisher, Farrar, Straus & Gi-
roux, and remains widely as-
signed in medical schools and in
university classes in social work,
anthropology, journalism and
other fields.
As a result, Lia’s story, as few
other narratives have done, has
had a significant effect on the
ways in which American medi-
cine is practiced across cultures,
and on the training of doctors. “A lot of people in medicine
were talking about that book for a
very long time after it was pub-
lished,” Sherwin B.Nuland, the
physician and National Book
Award-winning author, said on
Wednesday.He added:
“There’s a big difference be-
tween what we call ‘disease’ and
what we call ‘illness.’ A disease is
a pathological entity; an illness is
the effect of the disease on the
patient’s entire way of life. And
suddenly you read a book like
this and you say to yourself, ‘Oh,
my God; what have I been do-
ing?’” A labor of eight years, “The
Spirit Catches You and You Fall
Down” is also the story of the im-
mense benefits of tradition,
which can furnish, Ms. Fadiman
makes clear, a level of familial de-
votion less often seen among
modern Americans. Lia spent her
entire life at home, assiduously
cared for by her family, and it
was this devotion, Ms. Fadiman
came to feel, that kept her alive
for so long.
“She was never shunted to the
periphery,” Ms. Fadiman, the
daughter of the author and televi-
sion personality Clifton Fadiman
and the journalist Annalee Ja-
coby Fadiman, said on Wednes-
day. “I remember her most in her
mother’s arms. Family life went
on around her and in some ways
revolved around her.”
The 14th of 15 children born to
her mother, Foua Yang, and her
father, Nao Kao Lee, Lia Lee was
born on July 19, 1982, in Merced,
Calif. — the first of her parents’
children born in the United
States, and the first born in a hos-
pital. She was plump, porcelain-
skinned, lively and beautiful.
The Lees had arrived in the
United States two years earlier
with their seven living children, a
blanket, a mortar and pestle and
little else. They had been farmers
in their native Laos; three of
their children died there when
they were very young.
During the Vietnam War, many
Hmong were recruited by the
United States to fight the North
Vietnamese in Laos; after Laos
fell to the Communists in 1975,
150,000 Hmong, in fear of their
lives, fled the country. The Lees
were among them.
It took the family until 1980 to
reach the United States. Along
the way they endured a perilous
odyssey that included an attempt
to flee their village before being
forced back at gunpoint by Viet-
namese soldiers,and a later at-
tempt, culminating in a 26-day
walk to Thailand, where they
spent a year in refugee camps.
During these five years, three
more of their children died.
In the United States, the Lees
eventually settled in a modest
apartment in Merced, about 120
miles southeast of San Francisco.
By the time Ms. Fadiman met
them, Merced’s population was
one-sixth Hmong.
Lia had her first seizure when
she was about 3 months old. At
Merced Community Medical Cen-
ter, a resident misdiagnosed her
condition. Communication was
impossible: the Lees spoke no
English, and the hospital had no
Hmong interpreter.
“My parents weren’t able to
convey exactly that she was hav-
ing seizures,” Lia’s sister Mai,
now 32, said in an interview on
Wednesday. “The word ‘seizure’
didn’t come out. To them, they
saw it as her soul being tampered
with by something of a different
Lia’s seizures continued; epi-
lepsy was eventually diagnosed
and anti-seizure medication pre-
scribed. But to her parents, qaug
dab peg was literally a mixed
blessing: on the one hand, Lia’s
soul had been taken from her and
she needed it back; on the other,
her condition portended spiritual
giftedness, something many tra-
ditional cultures ascribe to epi-
lepsy. Perhaps, the Lees be-
lieved, Lia was destined to be-
come a shaman herself.
The Lees did not always give
Lia her medication, Ms. Fadiman
wrote, because they did not want
to interfere with qaug dab peg
To encourage her soul’s return,
her parents gave her herbs and
amulets. She was sometimes vis-
ited by a Hmong shaman, who
performed a ritual that included
chanting, beating a gong and sac-
rificing a chicken or pig. (The
strings around Lia’s wrist noted
by Ms. Fadiman are used in
Hmong tradition to help protect
people from malevolent spirits.)
All this baffled Lia’s doctors. “I
felt that I was trying to penetrate
a very dense wall — a cultural
wall — and didn’t have the tools
to do it,” Dr. Ernst said. The seizures worsened; by the
time Lia was 4
, she had made
more than 100 outpatient visits to
medical facilities and been ad-
mitted to the hospital 17 times.
When she was not quite 3, in frus-
tration at what he viewed as her
parents’ refusal to administer
her medication,Dr. Ernst had Lia
legally removed from the family
She spent a year in foster care
— a time, Ms. Fadiman reported,
of great trauma for Lia and great
bitterness for her family — be-
fore being returned to her par-
ents. (In recent years, Dr. Ernst
and Mai Lee said, there has been
a rapprochement between Lia’s
family and her doctors.)
In 1986,when Lia was 4, she
suffered a grand mal seizure that
lasted nearly two hours before
doctors were able to bring it un-
der control. At some point, amid
the many procedures her condi-
tion required that day, an infec-
tion set in. She went into septic
shock, and her organs began to
By the time she was stabilized,
Lia had lost higher brain func-
tion. Her doctors expected her to
She did not die. She could
breathe and whimper but could
not speak; she was capable of lit-
tle voluntary movement but
could still feel pain. It was un-
clear how much she could see or
hear. Lia no longer had seizures, be-
cause she now had vastly re-
duced electrical activity in her ce-
rebral cortex, the brain’s outer-
most layer. She grew only slight-
ly, as is typical of children with
severe brain damage: by the age
of 30, she was 4 feet 7 inches and
weighed 47 pounds.
For 26 years, her days varied
little: her parents bathed her, fed
her, flexed her stiffened limbs,
kissed, caressed and tenderly
talked to her. There were visits to
doctors in Merced and later in
Sacramento, where the family
moved in 1996. There were peri-
odic visits from a shaman, in-
tended not so much to cure Lia as
to ease her suffering. “Everything that my parents
had done for her is all manual la-
bor,” Mai Lee said on Wednesday.
“Carrying her from place to
place, transporting her to ap-
pointments here and there, it was
all done manually. They did that
for a very long time.”
Nao Kao Lee, Lia’s father, died
in 2003. Besides her mother, Foua
Yang, and her sister Mai, her sur-
vivors include a brother,Cheng,
and six other sisters, Chong,
Zoua, May, Yer, True and Pang.
In Merced and far beyond,
Lia’s legacy is pervasive. In 1996,
largely in response to her case,
Healthy House, a social-service
agency that facilitates medical
care for Merced County’s non-
English-speaking residents, was
founded in Merced, the county
seat. Among its services is an in-
terpreter training program,
which provides medical inter-
preters in a half-dozen lan-
guages, including Hmong.
At Mercy Medical Center Mer-
ced, the current incarnation of
Merced Community Medical Cen-
ter, Hmong shamans are now al-
lowed to visit patients and prac-
tice a limited number of their tra-
ditional arts. (Animal sacrifice is
“The Spirit Catches You and
You Fall Down,” continuously in
print and released this year in an
updated edition, has extended
Lia’s reach to a new generation of
doctors. At the Yale School of
Medicine, for instance, the in-
coming class is required to read it
— a tradition that was begun a
dozen years ago, well before Ms.
Fadiman herself began teaching
at Yale,where she is the Francis
writer in residence.
And as hospital wards across
the country become ever more
diverse, seasoned doctors, too,
have found there is much to be
learned from Lia’s story. Among
them is Dr. Nuland, the son of
Jewish immigrants from Eastern
Europe, who received his medical
training in New Haven in the
“Most wards were filled with
Italians, Irish and Jews,” he said,
recalling those years. “We had an
occasional Gypsy, an occasional
Chinese person and some His-
panics, and we would walk
among them with our lordly pres-
ence. You’d learn a couple of
words of Italian, a couple of
words of whatever, and you’d use
them with patients and think you
were being very clever.”
He added: “In our day, the
whole thing was to assimilate, to
look and act like a WASP. We
could have provided so much
comfort to patients who looked
like our parents. And we just
Lia Lee Dies; Her Illness Redefined Care
From Page A1
A book that is
required reading at
Yale’s medical school.
Most of Lia
Lee’s life was a
testament to fa-
milial devotion,
and she lived
much longer
than most do in
a vegetative
Peter Lougheed, the Alberta
premier who harnessed his prov-
ince’s vast oil and gas resources
to transform its economy, died
Thursday in Calgary, Alberta. He
was 84.
His family attributed his death
to natural causes.
A former professional in the
Canadian Football League de-
spite his slight build, Mr. Lough-
eed (pronounced LAW-heed)
turned Alberta into a major play-
er in oil and gas and a pioneer in
the development of oil sands af-
ter his Progressive Conservative
Party took power in 1971, ending
the long reign of Social Credit, a
populist farm movement. Mr. Lougheed arrived in office
at a time of great political and
economic upheaval in Canada.
He clashed frequently with
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, the coun-
try’s Liberal Party prime min-
ister, over pivotal constitutional
and economic issues.
While Alberta’s oil and gas in-
dustry was founded with the dis-
covery of the Leduc well in 1947,
Social Credit governments had
neglected it, even though, as is
generally the case in Canada,
most of the resource was owned
by the province rather than land-
Mr. Lougheed raised royalties
and channeled their revenues
into the Alberta Heritage Savings
Trust Fund,which today holds
about $16 billion. As the global oil
crisis struck, pushing up prices in
the 1970s, the province’s wealth
rose with it.
The energy crisis led to Mr.
Lougheed’s greatest clash with
Mr. Trudeau, who tried to intro-
duce greater federal control over
energy and who sought a portion
of royalty payments for the cen-
tral government. After Mr.
Lougheed cut oil production in
Alberta, the prime minister re-
lented, and in 1981 acknowledged
that provinces had full control
over their resources.
Edgar Peter Lougheed was
born in Calgary on July 26, 1928.
He studied law, obtained an
M.B.A. at Harvard and moved
into business after his brief ca-
reer in football.
Oil sands have made Alberta
the United States’ largest source
of imported oil today, but the
projects struggled initially and
were widely viewed as econom-
ically and technologically un-
sound. But Mr. Lougheed’s gov-
ernment participated in a bailout
of Syncrude, the industry’s pio-
neer, in 1975. Newer oil sands
projects pump the tarlike bitu-
men from underground rather
than removing it through strip
mining using technology devel-
oped through research financed
by Mr. Lougheed’s government.
Mr. Lougheed is survived by
his wife, Jeanne; his children,
Stephen, Andrea, Pam and Joe;
and seven grandchildren.
Mr. Lougheed was a social lib-
eral in a province that has been a
bastion of social conservatism,
yet he was extremely popular
among Albertans.
He left office in 1985. This sum-
mer, he was named the best Ca-
nadian premier of the last 40
years by the Institute for Re-
search on Public Policy.
Peter Lougheed, 84, Ex-Premier of Alberta
Peter Lougheed in 2008.
COX—John P.
John P.Cox,65,died on Sep-
tember 12 from complications
following a stroke.Until re-
cently he was Vice-President
and Chief Information Officer
for the Hospital for Special
Surgery.His gregariousness,
warmth,generosity,and fun-
loving sense of humor will be
deeply missed by his family,
friends,and colleagues who
adored him greatly.His con-
tributions to the Hospital for
Special Surgery,built upon his
being at the forefront of the
transition to computer tech-
nology in hospitals,have
greatly benefitted that institu-
tion and will be felt for years
to come.The greatest day in
John's productive and impact-
ful life occurred in January
1969 when,as an adventurous
student at Columbia he met a
buoyant,vivacious student
from Skidmore College,Diane
Dow.In less than a year they
were married and Diane has
been his life-long mooring,
beginning with moving to
Charleston,South Carolina
where John was a Lieutenant the United States
Navy,an experience which
greatly added to his knowl-
edge and skill with all things
nautical that had been devel-
oped over his childhood years
in the waters of the St.
Lawrence River.John is sur-
vived by his beloved wife and
soul-mate Diane,his devoted
children,Sarah and Tyler,his
son-in-law,Tom Francis,his
cherished eight-month old
granddaughter,Eliot Jane,
and his fond brothers Holly
and David.And his spirit will
remain in the hearts of every-
one who has been fortunate
enough to know him.A funer-
al service will be held at the
First Presbyterian Church in
the City of New York located
at 12 West 12th Street,where
John was an elder,on Sun-
day,September 16th at 4pm.
Contributions in his memory
to the Information Technolo-
gy Department for the Hospi-
tal for Special Surgery (535
East 70th Street,New York
City) would be fitting.
DEESEN—Kenneth C.,DDS,
on September 12,2012.Re-
united with his beloved wife,
Lillian,in heaven on their
Wedding Anniversary.Gradu-
ate of MIT and Columbia Uni-
versity College of Dental
Medicine.Loving father of
Pat Daub,Priscilla Devine,
and Phyllis Whittam.Father-
in-law of Bill Daub,Mike
Devine,and Michael Whittam.
Cherished grandfather of
Mikhaila.Dear brother of
Paul.Gifted and caring den-
tist in Flushing for over 50
years.Professor at Columbia
Dental School,on the Board
of Directors at the Flushing,
YMCA,and Veteran of the
Korean War.Inventor of a
computer-assisted coaching
method and specialty dental
camera.Ken was passionate
about using his gifts and tal-
ents to serve the Lord.His
life impacted many people
very deeply.Visiting hours on
Sunday,September 16,2-6pm
at the Frederick Funeral
193rd St.,Flushing,NY.Reli-
gious service Monday,Sep-
tember 17th 9:30am at Resur-
rection Lutheran Church.In-
terment Flushing Cemetery.
FLEMING—Richard Elliot,
passed away peacefully on
September 5,2012 just days
shy of his 98th birthday.Pre-
deceased by his wife of 55
Fleming,Elliot is survived
by his children Richard,Dou-
glas and David,four grand-
children,and three great-
grandchildren.Elliot,a grad-
uate of Princeton University
in 1935,spent his career at
International Nickel,Inc.
(INCO) in New York City,re-
tiring in 1976.He had resided
in Chatham,NJ and Stuart,
FL prior to locating in Lan-
caster,PA.Elliot will be re-
membered for his quiet de-
meanor and his kind and
generous love for his family.
A sincere word and smile
were always present for ev-
eryone he met.He was a
gentleman of intelligence
and grace,and he will be
greatly missed by his family
and friends.Private inter-
ment will take place at the
Kensico Cemetery in Valhal-
la,NY.In lieu of flowers,do-
nations can be made to the
American Macular Degener-
ation Foundation.
FLYER—Morris,on Septem-
ber 13,2012.Beloved husband
of the late Harriet.Dedicated
father of Mark and Elizabeth,
Steven and Beth.Loving
grandfather of Zachary,Hay-
Cara and Corey.Devoted
brother of Irving.Honored
serviceman in the US Army
1943-1945.Services 10am Sun-
day at Boulevard-Riverside
Chapels,1450 Broadway,
September 24,1936 — Sep-
tember 11,2012.Joni passed
away peacefully after suffer-
ing a massive brain hemor-
rhage on September 1,2012 at
the family vacation home in
Central Oregon.She is sur-
vived by her husband Monte,
son John,daughter-in-law Sun
Xin,and grandchildren Dean
and Otis.Joni was born in
Cleveland,OH,the daughter
of the late Helen Epstein and
Jerome Toffler,and at nine
moved to Los Angeles and
attended Fairburn Elemen-
tary,Emerson Jr.High,Uni-
versity High and UCLA.She
was the director of Newspace
Gallery in Hollywood for
more than 38 years where
she discovered,showed and
mentored numerous Los An-
geles-based contemporary
artists,many of whom have
become nationally and inter-
nationally recognized.Joni's
life contributions are part of
the history of the visual arts
in the United States and may
be found in the Archives of
American Art,Smithsonian In-
stitution as well as in articles
in the Los Angeles Times and
other publications.Services
will be held at 10am,Sunday,
September 16,2012 at Hillside
Memorial Park,6001 W.Cen-
tinela,LA.If a tangible form
of tribute is desired,in lieu of
flowers,a donation may be
made in her name to the
Leukemia & Lymphoma Soci-
GREENMAN—Ruth C.died
peacefully at the age of 97 on
September 11,2012 at Green-
wich Hospital in Connecticut,
after a short illness.Surviving
her are her husband of 72
years,Sidney,her daughters
Jane Hunter and Nancy
Greenman,her grandchildren
S.Charles Hunter,Jennifer
Claire Hunter and Dan Green-
man,and great-grandchildren
Clyde and Lila Hunter.She
lived a long,fulfilling life.We
grieve our loss.In lieu of
flowers,contributions in
Ruth's name may be made to
The Alzheimers Association.
KOSS—Leopold.The President
and Board of Trustees of
Montefiore Medical Center
and the entire Montefiore
family are deeply saddened
by the passing of our dear
friend and cherished col-
league,Leopold G.Koss,MD,
Chairman Emeritus of the
Department of Pathology of
Montefiore Medical Center
and Professor,Albert Einstein
College of Medicine.Dr.Koss
was a world-renowned physi-
cian and cytopathologist,re-
searcher,author,teacher and
mentor,whose association
with Montefiore began in
1973.Always an advocate for
innovation,Dr.Koss led the
Department of Pathology for
more than 20 years where he
created an unforgettable aca-
demic legacy.He made in-
delible contributions to our
understanding of human dis-
ease patterns,particularly in
the area of gynecological
pathology and trained hun-
dreds of pathologists during
his career.He was a true
translational researcher be-
fore the term became popu-
lar.He would see the patholo-
gy clinically and then ask
questions,design experiments
and search for mechanisms.
He passed this on to his
trainees especially nurturing
those that had,as he called it,
a “fire in the belly” to under-
stand human disease by do-
ing research.Born in Poland
in 1920,he earned a medical
degree at the University of
Bern in Switzerland after the
war and shortly thereafter
came to the United States
where he served at numerous
prestigious medical institu-
tions before joining Monte-
fiore and Einstein.Our heart-
felt condolences are extended
to his three sons,Andrew,
Michael and Richard,and his
four grandchildren.
Steven M.Safyer,MD
President and CEO,
Montefiore Medical Center
Allen M.Spiegel,MD
Marilyn and Stanley M.Katz
Albert Einstein
College of Medicine
of Yeshiva University
Michael B.Prystowsky,
Leopold G.Koss,MD Chair,
University Chairman,
Department of Pathology,
Montefiore Medical Center
Professor,Albert Einstein
College of Medicine
McKEON—Robert Brian,
passed away in Darien,CT on
September 10,2012.He was
an extraordinarily compas-
sionate and generous person,
a loving husband and father,
a devoted son and sibling,
and a cherished friend.Mr.
McKeon was born to Diana
Brady McKeon and Donald
Stillwell McKeon in Bronx,NY
on August 6,1954.From an
early age,Robert displayed a
deep love for learning and a
hard working,industrious spir-
it.He graduated magna cum
laude from Fordham Univer-
sity with a Economics
and received his MBA from
Harvard Business School.His
constant intellectual curiosity,
his integrity,and his passion
for the pursuit of knowledge
underpinned a distinguished
business career that began at
First Boston Corporation in
the Mergers and Acquisitions
Group.He then went on to
become a founding partner of
Wasserstein Perella & Co.,
where he served as the Chair-
man of Wasserstein Perella
Management Partners.In
1992,he founded Veritas Capi-
tal,a private equity firm
based in New York.As Chair-
man and Managing Partner,
he led the firm's exceptional
growth and success and
served on the boards of
many of the firm's portfolio
companies.Under his leader-
ship,Veritas Capital achieved
amongst the very highest and
consistent returns for its in-
vestors in the industry.Mr.
McKeon realized his good for-
tune in finding a career that
he loved and always encour-
aged his children to pursue
their own dreams,once refer-
ring to the ancient Greek
ethos that happiness is the
use of your talents along the
lines of excellence.Mr.McK-
eon pursued a diverse range
of interests that reflected his
intellectual curiosity,love of
life,and spirit of adventure.
He was an avid art and book
collector,loved music,was a
voracious reader,and an en-
thusiastic painter.He loved
ing,tennis,and horseback rid-
ing.He traveled extensively
with his family and particular-
ly loved the natural beauty of
East Hampton,Telluride,and
the English countryside.He
was a generous supporter of
his alma maters,including his
high school Albertus Magnus,
and served on the board of
trustees at Fordham Universi-
ty.In 2005,he established The
Robert B.McKeon Fellowship
Fund for Military Personnel
at Harvard University.He
was a member of the Council
on Foreign Relations,where
he endowed The Robert B.
McKeon Endowment Series
on Military Strategy and
Leadership.Mr.McKeon was
appointed by the Governor of
Connecticut to serve as Chair-
man of the state's Health and
Educational Facilities Authori-
ty,a public authority that fi-
nances hospitals and universi-
ties in Connecticut.For those
who were privileged to know
Bob,he will be profoundly
missed and will remain a
source of inspiration and love
forever.Mr.McKeon is sur-
vived by his wife Clare Eliza-
beth Smith McKeon,their son
Alexander,his previous wife
Patricia Finnegan and their
children Robert,Jacqueline,
and James.He also leaves
his brothers and sister:Karen
McKeon of Manahawkin,NJ,
Donald McKeon of Buffalo,
NY,Joseph McKeon of Wa-
verly,NY,George McKeon of
Walden,NY,Matthew McK-
eon of Albany,NY,and his
late brother John McKeon of
Cornwall,NY,as well as 16
nieces and nephews.A pri-
vate family service will be
held on September 15,2012.A
memorial celebration is being
planned for the future.Mr.
McKeon's family thanks the
many friends who have al-
ready written and called with
their condolences.In lieu of
flowers,memorial donations
may be made to the Kidney
Cancer Association (Chicago,
IL) in Memory of John T.
McKeon and Robert B.McK-
McKEON—Robert B.Harvard
Business School mourns the
passing of one of its most ex-
emplary graduates,Robert B.
McKeon.A member of the
MBA Class of 1980,Bob went
on to have an extraordinary
career as one of the original
partners of Wasserstein
Perella Management Partners
before founding the private
equity firm Veritas Capital.
He once remarked to Dean
Nitin Nohria that the daily dis-
cipline of analyzing three cas-
es a day at HBS enabled him
to tackle any problem under
intense time constraints and
sometimes with only limited
information.As a result,he
said he was forever grateful
to the School and over the
years was a great benefactor,
establishing a fellowship fund
in honor of his 25th Reunion
that helped military personnel
attend HBS.He also contin-
ued to take a leadership role
in alumni events and initia-
tives.As co-chair of his 30th
Reunion,for example,he led
a fundraising effort that set a
new 30th Reunion record,
securing $17 million in support
of the School and creating a
legacy for his Class that will
last for years to come.Bob
became increasingly interest-
ed in the intersection of busi-
ness and government and
how private companies can
do work in support of gov-
ernment-related services.To
this end,he established a
fund at HBS that will support
research,curriculum develop-
ment,and case writing,as
well as publications and sym-
posia on this important sub-
ject.We all are saddened by
the loss of this accomplished
and generous alumnus - an
outstanding gentleman and
businessperson who personi-
fied Harvard Business
School's mission of educating
leaders who make a differ-
ence in the world.Bob McK-
eon was a force for good in
everything he did.We will
miss him greatly.
McKEON—Robert.We mourn
the loss and celebrate the life
of our dear friend Bob McK-
eon.We will miss the special
friendship we shared for
twenty years.Our thoughts
and prayers are with his wife
Clare,and his children,
and Alexander.
Benjamin and Debra Polk
MOODY—Howard R.- NYU Li-
braries mourns the passing of
a courageous and visionary
supporter of downtown art
and artists.
NIGRINE—Henry.On Septem-
ber 9,2012 in Olney,MD.
Beloved husband of the late
Dorothy B.Nigrine.Survived
by children Jenny Spillman
and Jon Nigrine,and four
grandsons.Memorial gather-
ing Saturday,October 27,
1-3PM at Barber Funeral
Home,21525 Laytonsville
Memorial gifts may be
made to The Juillard School.
More information at:
The Board of Governors,
membership and staff of
Deepdale Golf Club note with
sorrow the untimely passing
of our past President,Mr.Ed-
ward Patterson.Our deepest
sympathy is extended to the
bereaved family.
D.Dixon Boardman,President
husband of Judith Anderson,
loving father of Ken and Alex
and daughter-in-law Jessica,
proud grandfather of Avi and
Lizzy,passed away peacefully
in his sleep on September 14,
2012.Funeral services Sep-
tember 16,2012 at 11:00am at
Abraham L.Green and Son
Funeral Home in Fairfield,
CT.In lieu of flowers,dona-
tions may be sent to the
Children's Tumor Foundation.
Judith Anderson;
Alex Rudd and Ken Rudd
VAN ULK—Joan Silbersack,
(nee Small),of Sands Point,
on September 11,2012.Prede-
ceased by two husbands:Wal-
ter R.Silbersack and Frank
Van Ulk.Loving mother of
John (Nora) and Jim (Glen-
da) Silbersack.Adored grand-
mother of Nichols,Johanna,
and Catryn.A graduate of
Holton-Arms and Wells Col-
lege,she was a member of
the Junior League,Sands
Point Garden Club and Man-
hasset Bay Yacht Club.A
service will be held at St.
Stephen's Episcopal Church,9
Carlton Ave.,Port Washing-
ton,Sunday,September 16 at
1pm.Burial private.In lieu of
flowers,donations may be
made to the Port Washington
Public Library.
WYLOGE—Esther (nee Ger-
stenharber) on September 14.
Beloved wife of 63 years of
the late Irving Wyloge.Proud
mother of Dr.Norman (Fe-
lice),Madi Alter (Bruce),and
Diane Borak (Gregg).Grand-
mother to Jonathen Alter
(Marci),Daniel Alter,Nicole
Stern (Jonathen),Ilana Cohen
(Gary),Jerrod Gormick,
Shane Gormick,Cody Borak
and great-grandmother to
seven.Services at Riverside
Chapel Sunday,September 16
at 10am,21 West Broad St.,
Mt.Vernon,NY.Donations to
Fleetwood Synagogue 11 East
Broad St.,Mt.Vernon,NY.
member,beloved wife of late
Irving,loving mother of Madi
(Bruce) Alter,Dr.Norman
(Felice) and Diane (Gregg)
grandmother,aunt and great-
morous.She will be missed.
Gerald Gersten,President
Cong.Nusach Sfard Bronx
STEPKIN—Michele Foster.
Today- yourbirthday.Godloved
me once.I amthankful for you
my beautiful daughter.Love
never dies- forever together.
Your Ma
Abrams, Maureen
Carter, Betty
Cox, John
Deesen, Kenneth
Fleming, Elliot
Flyer, Morris
Gordon, Joni
Greenman, Ruth
Koss, Leopold
McKeon, Robert
Moody, Howard
Nigrine, Henry
Patterson, Edward
Rudd, Nicholas
Van Ulk, Joan
Wyloge, Esther
ABRAMS—Maureen,of Pom-
pano Beach,FL passed
away September 11,2012.A
memorial Mass will take
place at 11am on Saturday
September 22 at St.Sebas-
tian Church,Woodside,NY.
CARTER—Betty,83,died on
September 11th in Amherst,
Mass.after a long illness.Bet-
ty was founder of Family In-
stitute of Westchester in
White Plains,NY,a pioneer in
feminist family therapy,and
renowned for her teaching,
her indomitable wit and her
spirit.Her books and mono-
graphs are treasured by clini-
cians and form the backbone
of clinical training in many
post-graduate programs.She
will be sorely missed by her
FIW family and we will con-
tinue to transmit her legacy
to the next generation of
The faculty,The Family
Institute of Westchester
In Memoriam
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