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Serena Williams reached the United States Open final with a brisk two-set win over Sara Errani. Williams will face Victoria Azarenka, who needed three sets to defeat Maria Sharapova. PAGE D1 SPORTSSATURDAY D1-7 Women’s Final Is Set U(D54G1D)y+%!/!]!=!$ By KATIE THOMAS Monsters attacked Avery de Groh when she was 4. That is how she remembers the day in 2007 when the defibrillator in her chest misfired, sending nine elec- tric shocks through her body in less than 30 minutes. Today, Avery is a chatty 9-year- old who just learned to roller- skate.She is old enough to know that she was not really attacked by monsters. The culprit was a broken wire from the defibrillator that keeps her heart beating nor- mally. Like her mother and two brothers, she has an inherited condition that makes her prone to a fatal heart rhythm.After Avery’s episode, doctors re- moved the faulty wire, made by Medtronic,and replaced it with a new one made by St. Jude Med- ical. Now it is possible that one is damaged, too. The wire, or lead, known as the Riata,was recalled in December after St. Jude warned doctors that internal ca- bles were poking through the out- er casing, causing unwanted shocks or failing to work when needed. Nearly 20 percent of the 128,000 people worldwide who have the Riata may be affected, according to the company. Molly de Groh, Avery’s moth- er,said she worried that Avery’s new lead would also malfunction. “When I think about how scary it was for her,” she said, “I feel like, give that to me, and let her be fine.” Heart device specialists have struggled for months to deter- mine how best to treat patients with damaged leads. There is no easy fix: removing the wires can be dangerous, but so can leaving them in. In August, the Food and Drug Administration recom- mended that all patients with the Riata undergo imaging to see if their lead was failing. But the guidelines did little to settle the matter after some doctors ques- tioned the wisdom of the advice. Patients are caught in the mid- dle, forced to grapple with life-or- death decisions for which there are no easy answers. Mark Ulrich has decided not to wait. Several years ago, Mr. Ulrich’s defibrillator misfired in reaction to a medication he was taking. “I was pretty well barbe- cued,” said Mr. Ulrich, who is 68 and lives in Manhattan. “I would rather not be turned into a shish kebab.” Dr. Jeffrey N. Rottman, a heart Unpredictable Danger Looms Close to the Heart JOHN GRESS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Molly de Groh and her children Oliver, left,and Avery all have defibrillators implanted.When Avery’s misfired, repeatedly shocking her, doctors tried to fix it. Now they fear it could do it again. Continued on Page B4 By NELSON D. SCHWARTZ The nation’s employers eased up on hiring in August, making it clear that the economy was stuck in low gear. The pace of job creation,dis- closed in government figures re- leased on Friday,fell far short of the stronger showing at the start of the year. It presents a fresh challenge to President Obama just two months before the elec- tion. It also provides more am- munition for Republicans,who say the country needs a new eco- nomic course. While the weak report rever- berated on the campaign trail, traders and economists immedi- ately focused on the Federal Re- serve, betting increasingly that its policy makers will take new action to stimulate the economy when they meet next week. The nation added 96,000 jobs in August,compared with a revised figure of 141,000 in July and well below the 125,000 level econo- mists had expected.Over the last six months, job growth has aver- aged 97,000 a month, typically not enough to absorb new entrants to the labor force, let alone cut the unemployment rate significantly. “This is one of those reports that as you dig deeper, it looks less friendly,” said Ethan Harris, chief United States economist at Bank of America Merrill Lynch. “The improvement in the rate was purely due to people who gave up looking for jobs.” For August, the jobless rate did fall to 8.1 percent from 8.3 percent in July, but that was largely be- cause more people left the work force entirely.The government report showed that the overall la- bor force dropped by 368,000 workers in August.The portion of the population in the labor force fell to 63.5 percent, the lowest lev- el since September 1981. “Politically, you can spin the drop in the rate as a positive, but it’s a sign of weakness,” Mr. Har- ris said. “The economy is slowing down and it wasn’t very robust to begin with.” As job growth in the United States has cooled in recent months, European economies have weakened as the debt crisis deepened there. And the Chinese economy has shown signs of a sharp slowdown recently. Though the figures for August did not represent a drastic plunge in job creation from re- cent months — in June the econ- JOB GAINS SLOW, POSING PROBLEM FOR OBAMA’S BID AUGUST RISE OF 96,000 Jobless Rate at 8.1% — Pressure Growing for Action by the Fed Continued on Page A3 By ELISABETH ROSENTHAL and ANDREW W. LEHREN MIAMI — The chief executive of the century-old company from America’s heartland shifted ner- vously on the witness stand here as he tried to explain how a trust- ed senior vice president had been caught on a wiretap buying half a million dollars in smuggled mer- chandise, much of it from China. But the contraband purchased by Marcone, a St. Louis-based company that claims to be the na- tion’s largest authorized source for appliance parts, was not coun- terfeit handbags or fake medi- cines. It was a colorless gas that provides the chill for air-condi- tioners from Miami to Mumbai, from Bogotá to Beijing. Under an international treaty, the gas, HCFC-22,has been phased out of new equipment in the industrialized world because it damages the earth’s ozone lay- er and contributes to global warming. There are strict limits on how much can be imported or sold in the United States by American manufacturers. But the gas is still produced in enormous volumes and sold cheaply in China, India and Mex- ico, among other places in the de- veloping world, making it a prof- itable if unlikely commodity for international smugglers. So in 2009, Carlos Garcia, the Marcone vice president, generat- ed big business for his company’s growing air-conditioning opera- tion by selling smuggled foreign gas to repairmen at rock bottom prices in a promotion called Freaky Freon Fridays, drawing on a brand name that many use as a synonym for coolants. Although it has been illegal to sell new air-conditioners contain- ing HCFC-22 in the United States since 2010, vast quantities of the gas are still needed to service old machines. Importing HCFC-22 without the needed approvals, as Marcone did, violates interna- tional treaties and United States law and regulations. Yet for a long time, “Mr. Garcia was a hero to his company” for the profits his Freaky Freon Fri- day campaign generated, an as- sistant United States attorney, Thomas A. Watts-FitzGerald, told a rapt federal courtroom here in April. On June 26, Mr. Garcia was sentenced to 13 months in federal prison. International efforts to curb the use of HCFC-22 are faltering for dozens of reasons, from loop- holes in environmental treaties to the reluctance of manufacturers to step up development of more environmentally friendly ma- chines. But the underlying problem is that even as international trea- ties and United States law de- mand that companies renounce As a Coolant Is Phased Out, Smugglers Reap Big Profits Gas for Air-Conditioners Is Tied to Global Warming Continued on Page A13 CHILLING EFFECT Subverting a Crackdown By LAURIE GOODSTEIN On the surface, the Rev. Shawn Ratigan was just the kind of dy- namic new priest that any Ro- man Catholic bishop would have been happy to put in a parish. He rode a motorcycle, organized summer mission trips to Guate- mala and joined Bishop Robert W. Finn and dozens of students on a bus trek to Washington for the “March for Life,” a big annual anti-abortion rally. But in December 2010, Bishop Finn got some disturbing news: Father Ratigan had just tried to commit suicide by running his motorcycle in a closed garage. The day before, a computer tech- nician had discovered sexually explicit photographs of young girls on Father Ratigan’s laptop, including one of a toddler with her diaper pulled away to expose her genitals. The decisions that Bishop Finn and his second-in-command in the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Jo- seph, Msgr. Robert Murphy, made about Father Ratigan over the next five months ultimately led to the conviction of the bishop in circuit court on Thursday on one misdemeanor count of failing to report suspected child abuse. It was the first time a Catholic bishop in the United States had been held accountable in criminal court in the nearly three decades since the priest sexual abuse scandals first came to light. Both Bishop Finn and Monsi- gnor Murphy, as ministers, were required by law to report sus- pected child abuse to the civil au- thorities. But they were also re- quired to report under policies that the American bishops put in place 10 years ago at the height of the scandal — policies that now hold the force of canon law. This is an account of how, as recently as 2011, in violation of Defying Civil and Canon Laws, Church Failed to Stop a Priest Continued on Page A14 ABOVE, DOUG MILLS/THE NEW YORK TIMES; BELOW, MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES UP IN THE AIR The Obamas left Charlotte, N.C., for New Hampshire on Friday, while Mitt Romney headed from New Hampshire to Florida as an intense phase of the campaign began. Page A9. NEWS ANALYSIS By HELENE COOPER and ANNIE LOWREY IOWA CITY — Only hours af- ter accepting his party’s nomina- tion for a second term, President Obama found himself on the de- fensive over a jobs report that was weak in almost every way. The disappointing report leaves the president and his ad- visers with fading hopes that the economy will surge ahead before Election Day — much as it did late last year — and allow them to amplify his case that the coun- try is on the road to recovery. And so on Friday Mr. Obama found himself making the compli- cated argument that the flagging recovery, while not good enough, is at least persistent enough to show that he has put the country on the right path. He has also found himself in the bleak posi- tion of having to prove to voters in the 59 days before they head to the polls that despite the sluggish economy and high unemploy- ment, Americans would be even worse off with Mitt Romney at the helm. “It’s certainly not what I would call the position we wanted to be in at this point in the race,” one Obama administration official, who requested anonymity to talk candidly about the campaign, said on Friday. “He’s going to have to make the case that we wouldn’t even be at 8 percent if it weren’t for him.” For the past two years, Mr. Obama based his campaign on the argument that Democrats had reversed an economic free fall and helped put millions of people back to work. But that argument has proved harder to make with middling-or- worse jobs reports month after month. The August report shows that the unemployment rate fell only slightly, and even that drop was largely because hundreds of thousand of workers had given up looking for jobs. “Today we learned that after A Day Later, It’s Still the Economy Continued on Page A3 The European Central Bank’s bond-buy- ing plan, initially hailed, has already run into political problems. PAGE A4 INTERNATIONAL A4-8 Cheers for European Plan Fade Hairspray once again filled the air at Lincoln Center as New York Fashion Week began. Jason Wu and Peter Som were among the first to show. A fashion review by Cathy Horyn. PAGE B8 FASHION B8 The Runways Reopen Fleeing a robbery in the Bronx, a shop worker, 20, collided with a police officer whose gun was drawn. PAGE A16 NEW YORK A16-19 Police Kill Victim of Robbery A comprehensive overview of what’s coming in theater, art, music, dance, ar- chitecture, television and film. Also: “Film is Dead! Long Live Movies!” a discussion of the medium’s future with Manohla Dargis and A.O. Scott. ARTS & LEISURE THIS WEEKEND The New Season Gail Collins PAGE A21 EDITORIAL, OP-ED A20-21 There is evidence that cheating has grown, and experts blame schools, par- ents and technology. PAGE A14 NATIONAL A12-15 Academic Dishonesty Rises A maker of epinephrine injectors wants to put them in every school. PAGE B1 BUSINESS DAY B1-7 Big Push for a Tiny Lifesaver A judge is allowing a special prosecutor to broaden his investigation and look at money used to settle complaints against Assemblyman Vito J. Lopez. PAGE A16 Inquiry Into Lopez Settlement In “The Price of Politics,” Bob Wood- ward details the collapse of a debt deal. Michiko Kakutani reviews. PAGE C1 ARTS C1-8 No Grand Bargain VOL.CLXI..No. 55,888 ©2012 The New York Times NEWYORK,SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Late Edition Today, sun and clouds, strong thun- derstorms late, high 82. Tonight, strong thunderstorms, then clear- ing, low 65. Tomorrow, partly sun- ny, high 77. Weather map, Page A18. $2.50 A2 Ø N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Inside The Times INTERNATIONAL Canada Denounces Iran And Cuts Diplomatic Ties Calling Iran the most significant threat to global peace and security in the world today, Canada’s foreign affairs minister, John Baird, abrupt- ly announced that his government had cut all diplomatic ties with the country. PAGE A4 U.S. Suspends Data Sharing Seeking better controls for its milita- rized approach to combating drugs in Central America, the United States has suspended all sharing of radar intelligence with Honduras af- ter the Honduran air force in July shot down two planes suspected of ferrying drugs, American officials said. PAGE A7 Bail in Blasphemy Case A judge in Pakistan granted bail to a Christian girl accused of burning a religious textbook, a significant step in a controversy that has renewed scrutiny of the country’s blasphemy laws. She has been detained in a high-security prison since mid-Au- gust. PAGE A8 NATIONAL As School Year Begins, Chicago Union Strike Looms With the possibility for a strike be- ginning across Chicago’s public schools, contract talks for city teach- ers were expected to stretch into the weekend as hundreds of thousands of families began planning for the worst. PAGE A12 Walmart in Chinatown For more than 70 years,small busi- nesses have thrived in Los Ange- les’s Chinatown. But some fear this immigrant community is threatened by the newest addition to the neigh- borhood: Walmart. PAGE A12 NEW YORK For Wounded Bystanders, The Scars Run Deeper Patria de los Santos and the eight other bystanders hit by police bul- lets in the Empire State Building shooting last month remain largely unknown and are tending to their changed lives and bodies. Crime Scene, Michael Wilson. PAGE A16 BUSINESS As PC Sales Turn Down, Intel Trims Its Outlook With the personal computer market stalled, Intel, the primary maker of computer chips, warned its invest- ors that revenue and profit margins would be lower than expected. PAGE B1 Bid to Buy Mining Firm Glencore, the world’s largest com- modities trader, saved its mega- merger with the large multinational mining company Xstrata from col- lapse by sweetening its offer. But the deal remains in limbo after Xstrata raised concerns about the revised proposal. PAGE B1 SPORTS Suspensions for Players In Bounty Scandal Vacated Four players suspended by the N.F.L. for their roles in what the league said was a bounty program conducted by members of the New Orleans Saints had their suspen- sions vacated by an appeals panel. PAGE D1 ARTS ‘Eclipse,’ by Jonah Bokaer At BAM Fisher Building “Eclipse,” by the choreographer Jo- nah Bokaer and the visual artist An- thony McCall, has inaugurated the Brooklyn Academy of Music’s inti- mate new theater, the BAM Fisher. PAGE C1 A Legacy in Music Awards The MTV Video Music Awards car- ry the burden of still being the most forward-looking and youth-oriented music fan’s awards show, a respon- sibility it has inherited but is not necessarily equipped for.Critic's Notebook, John Caramanica. PAGE C1 INTERNATIONAL An article on Friday about a tentative deal by Japan to buy three uninhabited islands that are part of a chain at the center of a heated territorial dispute with China misstated, in some edi- tions, the year the United States, which seized the islands in World War II, returned them, along with Okinawa, to the Japanese. It was 1972, not 1971. NEW YORK An article in some editions on Thursday about an impasse be- tween the Hunts Point Produce Market and the city, part of the negotiations in keeping the co- operative in the Bronx, misidenti- fied the location in the Bronx where FreshDirect, another busi- ness that had threatened to leave New York for New Jersey, was promised it could build. It is the Harlem Rail Yards, adjacent to the Mott Haven and Port Morris neighborhoods — not “at Hunts Point.” (The site is west of Hunts Point.) An article on Tuesday about the annual West Indian American Day Parade in Brooklyn omitted, in some copies, part of a passage at the beginning of the continua- tion of the article. The passage should have read: “Last year, a resident of Crown Heights, De- nise Gay, was sitting on her stoop when she was killed in the cross- fire between police officers and a gunman. That came on a Labor Day weekend in the city when 67 people were shot, 13 of whom died.” The About New York column on Friday about stolen motor- cycles recovered by the police, then stolen again, misstated, in some copies, the number of sus- pects charged as part of the origi- nal ring that was broken up. It was 33, not 31. SPORTS An article on Tuesday about the places that Nets players will live once the team begins play in Brooklyn misstated the surname of one player who will reside in New Jersey. He is Tyshawn Tay- lor, not Thomas. WEEKEND A film review on Friday about “Keep the Lights On” misspelled, in some editions, the surname of the actor who plays Erik. As the listing of credits and a picture caption with the review correctly noted, he is Thure Lindhardt, not Lindhart. T: MEN An article  this weekend  on Page 52 about new knits of the season, modeled by the actor Nico Tortorella, misidentifies his role in “Scream 4.” He  plays a suspect (and eventual victim); he is not the killer.   An article  this weekend  on Page 102 about the American in- tellectual Gene Sharp  refers in- correctly to his work on a mas- ter’s degree. He received his master's at Ohio State Universi- ty in 1951; he was not working on his master’s thesis in New York in 1953. And because of an editing error, the article also misstates,  at one point, part of the name of nonprofit organization he found- ed. As the article  correctly notes elsewhere, it is the Albert Einstein Institution, not Alfred  Einstein Institution.   Corrections ‘‘ This is a crime that has all the profits of drug trafficking and none of the risk. ’’ THOMAS A. WATTS-FITZGERALD, an assistant United States at- torney, on the smuggling of HCFC-22, a coolant gas. [A13] QUOTATION OF THE DAY OP-ED Joe Nocera PAGE A21 Charles M. Blow PAGE A21 SLIDE SHOWNate Silver writes in Sunday’s magazine about changes in weather forecasting. The Dutch photographer Erik Hijweege, using the professional pseudonym Kevin Erskine,has photographed storms across the country. nytimes.com/magazine ONLINE Bridge C4 Crossword C6 Obituaries D8 TV Listings C6 Weather A18 Auto Exchange D2 Classified Ads D7 Commercial Real Estate Market- place B6 Errors and Comments: nytnews@nytimes.com or call 1-888-NYT-NEWS (1-888-698-6397). Editorials: letters@nytimes.com or fax (212) 556-3622. Public Editor: Readers dissatisfied with a response or concerned about the paper’s journalistic integrity can reach the public editor,Margaret Sullivan, at public@nytimes.com. Newspaper Delivery: customercare@nytimes.com or call 1-800-NYTIMES (1-800-698-4637). The New York Times (ISSN 0362-4331) is published daily. Periodicals postage paid at New York, N.Y., and at additional mailing offices. 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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405 Anthony Tommasini visits Bolzano, Italy, and the castles of Ludwig II of Bavaria, above, and a Grigory Sokolov recital at the Busoni International Piano Festival. ARTS, PAGE C1 JOHANNES SIMON/GETTY IMAGES N A3 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 losing around 800,000 jobs a month when I took office, busi- nesses added private-sector jobs for the 30th month in a row,” Mr. Obama told a campaign rally in Portsmouth, N.H. Still, the pace of job growth was “not good enough,” Mr. Oba- ma was forced to acknowledge. The bad economic news, with the August jobs report showing continued misery particularly for the less-educated and the long- term unemployed, electrified Re- publican pollsters and politicians eager to interpret it as yet more evidence of the failure of Mr. Obama’s economic policies. On Friday, Mr. Romney made a full-throated argument that Mr. Obama is failing as an economic steward, referring on Twitter to the Democratic National Con- vention as a party and the jobs report as the hangover. “There’s almost nothing the president has done in the past three and a half, four years that gives the American people confi- dence that he knows what he’s doing when it comes to jobs and the economy,” Mr. Romney said on his way to a campaign stop in Sioux City, Iowa. His surrogates and supporters piled on. “If this labor market were a horse, they’d send it to the glue factory,” said Andrew G. Biggs,an economist at the Amer- ican Enterprise Institute, in a statement. “Lucky for the horse, the factory is closed, too.” Mr. Obama’s advisers say the president in the next two months will hammer home his argument that Republicans have stood in the way of better jobs numbers. He will argue that Republican opposition to his jobs bill has hampered growth. And he will continue to refine the accusation that his opponents are obsessed with tax cuts, an argument he unveiled at the convention in Charlotte, N.C., Thursday night. On Friday, in a joint campaign appearance with Michelle Oba- ma, Vice President Joseph R. Bi- den Jr. and his wife, Jill, Mr. Oba- ma was refining — and expand- ing upon — his tax cut argument, until it took an almost humorous turn. Instead of a jobs agenda, Mr. Obama said, “all they’ve got to offer is the same prescriptions that they’ve had for the last 30 years: tax cuts, tax cuts, gut some regulations, oh, and more tax cuts,” he said. Then, appar- ently liking the line he was on, he added: “Tax cuts to help you lose a few extra pounds. Tax cuts to improve your love life.” Behind the jokes though, the president, who traveled to Iowa on Friday before heading to Flor- ida for a weekend campaign bus tour, and his advisers are clearly worried, and with good reason. Economic growth slowed through the first half of the year, leading many economists, in- cluding those at the Federal Re- serve, to raise their year-end un- employment forecasts. American businesses added only 96,000 jobs in August, below expecta- tions. As disappointing as the report may be, both economic and polit- ical analysts said they did not think it changed the fundamen- tals of either the presidential race or the economy. The stock market on Friday closed virtual- ly unchanged. The economic narrative seemed to remain the same: The economy is in poor condition, and the recovery anemic, but persistent. “While there is more work that remains to be done, today’s em- ployment report provides further evidence that the U.S. economy is continuing to recover from the worst downturn since the Great Depression,” said Alan B. Krue- ger,the chairman of the White House’s Council of Economic Ad- visers, in a statement. Polls have remained stable in recent months even as the eco- nomic news has become more and more tepid. Many voters seem to have absorbed the state of the economy — slowly recov- ering from a deep downturn — and made up their minds, politi- cal scientists and pollsters be- lieve. “There’s not a lot of undecided voters out there, and the impact of any given piece of economic news is going to be relatively small,” said John Sides,a politi- cal scientist at George Washing- ton University. “While it’s not good, it’s not a decisive shift.” Mr. Sides also noted that vot- ers tended to focus on economic growth in the year before they headed to the polls. But other analysts said there seemed to be some evidence that the weak economic reports piling up might weigh on Mr. Obama and help Mr. Romney at the polls. “I’m reminded of 1992, when, after the election, a story went around that G.H.W. Bush lost because there was a perception of the economy in recession even though the economy was already improving,” Andrew Gelman, the director of the Applied Statistics Center at Columbia University, wrote in an e-mail. “The news of the next two months will be important, as the story does not seem set in stone.” NEWS ANALYSIS A Day After the Party, It’s Still the Economy From Page A1 Grim statistics make a candidate’s case harder to make. Helene Cooper reported from Iowa City, and Annie Lowrey from Washington. Jeremy W. Peters contributed reporting from Sioux City, Iowa. omy created just 45,000 jobs — many experts quietly raised their forecasts ahead of the announce- ment by the Bureau of Labor Sta- tistics. That optimism seemed to be supported by a drop in first- time unemployment claims on Thursday, as well as a report the same day from Automatic Data Processing,a private payroll firm, that showed a gain of 201,000 jobs in the private sector. A.D.P.tracks about 400,000 com- panies that are clients, Mr. Harris said, while the government stat- isticians capture a broader range of businesses. For the Federal Reserve, Fri- day’s report provided more evi- dence of economic weakness. Economists said it raised the like- lihood of action to stimulate the economy when the Fed’s Open Market committee convened on Wednesday and Thursday. Just last week, Ben S. Ber- nanke, the chairman of the Fed- eral Reserve, delivered a forceful argument for more action, calling the unemployment level a “grave concern.” Unemployment has been above 8 percent since Feb- ruary 2009. One possible course would be another round of asset purchases intended to push down rates, making it easier for consumers and businesses to borrow and in- vest. A more limited option would be for the Fed to extend its com- mitment to a low benchmark in- terest rate, now near zero, into 2015 from late 2014. Despite the weak jobs report, the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index posted a slight gain on Fri- day, highlighting a conviction among many investors that the Fed will act. Many economists, though, are not so sure about how far the Fed will go. Some, like Nigel Gault of IHS Global Insight,predicted a third round of so-called quantitative easing, with the Fed buying $500 billion to $600 billion worth of as- sets, mostly mortgage-backed se- curities, to try to lower rates. Others, like Steve Blitz, chief economist at ITG Investment Re- search,predicted that the Fed would limit itself to extending the ultralowbenchmark rate. He esti- mated a 60 percent chance that the Fed would extend the rate but only a 10 percent chance of an- other round of asset purchases. “I don’t think the economy is quite as weak as the 96,000 figure suggests,” he said. “The Fed doesn’t react to one data point.” One problem for the Fed is that more easing tends to lower the value of the dollar against foreign currencies, he said. Besides driv- ing up the price of commodities like oil, it does little to help China or Europe avert a further slow- down. The rate of job creation has been erratic in 2012. After adding more than 250,000 jobs in both January and February, the econ- omy slowed. Job creation briefly recovered a bit in July, but few economists expect big gains in the coming months. Sectors with growth in employ- ment tended to be lower-paying ones, said Mark Vitner,a senior economist with Wells Fargo. About 40 percent of the new jobs came from four areas:retail,lei- sure and hospitality,temporary help services and home health care services.Manufacturing, a closely watched barometer for the economy, lost 15,000 jobs. “This is one of the reasons wages haven’t been growing,” he said. “People are taking jobs they didn’t take in the past, moving from sectors like construction into jobs at lower-paying, big-box retailers.” There were a few slivers of en- couragement in Friday’s report. Using the broadest measure of unemployment, which includes part-time workers who want to work full time as well as individ- uals who are not looking for jobs but indicate they want to work, the unemployment rate fell to 14.7 percent from 15 percent. The pace of government lay- offs seems to be slowing, said Pe- ter Cappelli, a professor of man- agement at the Wharton School and director of the school’s Cen- ter for Human Resources.As the private sector added 103,000 jobs in August, governments cut just 7,000. That is down from 21,000 in July, and well below the average of 16,000 reductions a month since March. Federal employ- ment actually increased by 3,000 in August,to 2.8 million, the first monthly increase since February 2011. There was only slight relief for the long-term unemployed, de- fined as workers out of a job for at least 27 weeks. Their ranks fell by 152,000 to just over five million in August, and they account for 40 percent of all unemployed peo- ple. Among workers with less than a high school education, the unemployment rate fell to 12 per- cent from 12.7 percent,but that remains far above the 4.1 percent unemployment level for workers with a college degree or more. Still, there were plenty of other signs the economy was still treading water. Average hourly earnings paid by private employ- ers ticked downward by 1 cent in August,to $23.52,while the length of the typical private sec- tor workweek remained flat at 34.4 hours. Both measures have barely budged from where they were six months ago. Job Gains Slow, Posing Problem for Obama’s Bid From Page A1 SANDY HUFFAKER/GETTY IMAGES Ajob fair on Thursday in San Diego.The economy added fewer jobs than expected in August. The Labor Picture in August Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics THE NEW YORK TIMES Figures are seasonally adjusted, except where noted. *Hispanics can be of any race. †Not seasonally adjusted. §People not working who say they would like to be. Includes discouraged workers or those who cannot work for reasons including ill health. 7 9 8 % UNEMPLOYMENT RATE 8.1% M J J AAS N M D F J O Nonfarm payroll, 12-month change EMPLOYMENT AM A M J JS O N D J F SHARE OF POPULATION 1-MONTH CHANGEAUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE % 58.3 63.5 0.1 0.2 – – Unch. 0.6 – Employed Labor force (workers and unemployed) ‘HIDDEN’ UNEMPLOYMENT In millions 1-MONTH CHANGE AUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE † % 2.6 2.8 8.0 7.0 – + % 8.6 8.3 – + Working part time, but want full-time work People who currently want a job § UNEMPLOYMENT BY EDUCATION LEVEL 1-MONTH CHANGE AUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE % pts. pts. pts. pts. 12.0 8.8 6.6 4.1 Less than high school High school Some college Bachelor’s or higher 0.7 0.1 0.5 Unch. – + – 2.1 0.7 1.6 0.2 – – – – TYPE OF WORK In millions 1-MONTH CHANGE AUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE 133.3 18.3 115.0 2.2 %0.1 0.1 0.1 -3.8 + – + – 1.4 1.4 1.4 -9.4 %+ + + – Nonfarm Goods Services Agriculture UNEMPLOYMENT DEMOGRAPHICS 1-MONTH CHANGE AUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE % † pts. pts. † † 7.2 14.1 10.2 5.9 24.6 0.2 Unch. 0.1 0.3 0.8 – – – + 0.7 2.6 1.1 1.2 0.7 – – – – – White Black Hispanic* Asian Teenagers (16-19) DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT In weeks 1-MONTH CHANGE AUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE 39.2 18.0 %1.0 7.8 + + %2.7 17.1 – – Average Median AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS Rank-and-file workers 1-MONTH CHANGE AUG. 1-YEAR CHANGE $809.09 Unch. %2.0+ 0 +1 +2% A4 N SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By STEVEN ERLANGER PARIS — In the long euro crisis, there is almost always a sobering morning- after whenever European leaders ap- pear to have made a major break- through. And so it went again on Friday. Greeted with initial fanfare by invest- ors and economic officials, the unlimited bond-buying plan that the European Central Bank president, Mario Draghi, announced Thursday ran into immedi- ate political problems in the crucial countries of Germany, Spain and Italy. In Germany, despite Chancellor An- gela Merkel’s support for Mr. Draghi and the independence of the Central Bank, political and news media reaction was scathing, with accusations that the bank, in seeking to stabilize the euro currency union, was subverting its mandate to fight inflation and forcing debt upon euro zone members. “A Black Day for the Euro,” “Over the Red Line” and “Pandora’s Box Opened Forever” were some of the German headlines, with the normally sympa- thetic Süddeutsche Zeitung headlining an editorial: “The E.C.B. Rewards Mis- management.” Even the German Bun- desbank, officially part of the European Central Bank, put out a statement com- menting acidly that the plan was “fi- nancing governments by printing bank notes.” At the same time, the two intended beneficiaries of the Draghi plan — Spain and Italy — expressed reluctance to ask the bank for help, even if both might eventually have little choice but to seek aid. The governments in Madrid and Rome apparently fear the political im- pact at home of bowing to whatever de- mands for harsh economic policy changes might come with the aid. They seem afraid that the medicine might prove worse than the disease, be- cause Mr. Draghi made it clear that there would be no bottomless well of money made available without a pro- gram of greater spending discipline. “Those who did everything to have the E.C.B. help now say they don’t want it,” Ferruccio de Bortoli, editor in chief of the newspaper Corriere della Sera, said in a Twitter message. “Speculation will play on this contradiction.” The disjunction between how officials seek to placate the lightning-fast mar- kets and the reluctance on the part of the public and politicians to make fur- ther sacrifices and move at more than a glacial pace highlight why it has proved so difficult for Europe to overcome the challenges that still threaten to tear apart its 17-nation currency union. The point of the new bank program is to ease interest rates on the bonds of Spain and Italy, the third- and fourth- largest economies in the euro zone after Germany and France, by reducing in- vestor speculation against the future of the euro itself. High rates threaten to bust their budgets, but also to make it all but impossible to raise money in the financial markets. If Spain and Italy cannot go to the market to finance their debt, then they could need full bailouts by a European Union whose rescue funds are simply too small. So keeping interest rates down for Spain and Italy is a vital part of any euro rescue plan. It is also neces- sary to buy time for European poli- ticians to make the difficult political de- cisions to achieve the fiscal and banking union that is the longer-term answer to the structural problems of a common currency without a common treasury. So far, investors are continuing to bet on Mr. Draghi. Interest rates on the bonds of Spain and Italy fell significant- ly on Thursday and Friday, after an up- ward swing in the value of stocks and the euro on Thursday. The next test for the euro is on Wednesday, when the German constitu- tional court is expected to rule on the soundness of the permanent European bailout fund, the European Stability Mechanism, that would finance much of the bond buying under the Draghi plan. More challenges lie ahead. Despite the reluctance of the Spanish prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, to risk the stig- ma of seeking help — beyond the money Europe has promised to help prop up Spain’s most troubled banks — he is ex- pected to nonetheless make such a re- quest before the end of October. Spain must pay back 20 billion euros, about $25.6 billion,in bond redemptions in October. And some analysts suggest that Mr. Rajoy will need to seek help to satisfy half of Spain’s 180 billion euro fi- nancing needs (about $230 billion) over the next year. “The Spanish fear is that they become another Greece — that they will have to chop off their right arm for a blood transfusion,” said Mark Cliffe, chief economist at ING Bank in Amsterdam. But some European officials suggest that Spain has already done a lot to clean up its books — more than Italy has done, certainly — and that any new conditions might not be much more onerous, especially in a period of such deep recession and political backlash against austerity. Mr. Rajoy is already losing popularity rapidly, and no one wants further political instability in Spain to add to continuing anxieties over Greece. Italy is a less urgent case. Prime Min- After Initial Fanfare, European Bank’s Bond Plan Draws Detractors PHOTOGRAPHS BY SUSANA VERA/REUTERS A protest, above, in Madrid on Thursday was directed toward the role of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, in addressing Spain’s debt crisis. Earlier in the week, at left, Spaniards crowded into an employment office in Madrid. Continued on Page A7 By DECLAN WALSH and ERIC SCHMITT ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Pakistani officials reacted cautiously on Friday to news that the United States had desig- nated the Taliban-affiliated Haqqani network as a terrorist group, allaying fears that the move could drive a fresh wedge between the two uneasy allies. The designation order, signed by Sec- retary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton in Brunei before heading to Russia for a conference, ended two years of debate inside the Obama administration about the merits of formally ostracizing a powerful element of the Afghan insur- gency that American officials say has uncomfortably close ties to Pakistan. Within hours of the designation, American officials in Washington were seeking to play down worries that it could stymie peace talks with the Tali- ban or lead to the designation of Paki- stan as a state sponsor of terrorism. In the Pakistani capital of Islamabad, the designation received a studiously muted reception. Previous diplomatic clashes between Pakistan and the United States have set off condemnation in Pakistan’s electron- ic media, often encouraged by military officials who are not identified. But on Friday, government and military offi- cials largely avoided comment. Instead, evening news programs con- centrated on domestic politics, the in- surgency in Baluchistan and a visit to Islamabad by India’s minister for ex- ternal affairs. “This is an internal matter for the United States. It’s not our business,” Sherry Rehman, Pakistan’s ambassa- dor to the United States, said in a state- ment. “We are not in the business of coddling terrorists and those who chal- lenge the writ of our state.” The restraint was consistent with in- dications from Pakistani officials in re- cent weeks that they would publicly ac- cept the designation, even if they pri- vately opposed it. “The Pakistani side is playing it by ear at the moment,” said Cyril Almeida, an analyst with Dawn, a leading Eng- lish-language newspaper. “They knew it was being pushed by the American military.” Still, he said, “it adds another compli- cating layer to a fiendishly complicated relationship.” Mrs. Clinton said the designation was a sign that the United States would “continue our robust campaign of diplo- matic, military and intelligence pres- sure” on the Haqqani network. A Pentagon spokesman said it would “degrade the network’s capacity to car- ry out attacks, including affecting fund- raising abilities, targeting them with our military and intelligence resources, and pressing Pakistan to take action.” A senior Haqqani commander, how- ever, called it a sign of the United States’ “lame tactics.” “Americans are claiming that by de- claring us terrorist, we would lose sup- port of some Muslim countries,” said the commander, who spoke by satellite phone through an intermediary in Paki- stan. “Let me assure everyone that we only seek Allah’s and the Afghan na- tion’s support.” Based in the mountains straddling the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, the Haqqani network has carried out some of the most audacious assaults of recent years. Armed with suicide vests, guns and rocket launchers, the group’s fight- ers have targeted the United States Em- bassy, NATO’s headquarters and a five- star hotel in Kabul. Their links to Pakistan’s military, es- pecially its Inter-Services Intelligence directorate, have been a sore point with the United States. American intelli- gence indicates the group enjoys some support from the ISI, although few offi- cials now support a contention by Adm. Mike Mullen, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, that the Haqqani network is a “veritable arm” of the ISI. Pakistani officials say their contacts with the Haqqanis are part of normal in- telligence operations, and deny any role in directing violence against American and other NATO troops in Afghanistan. The designation was the product of a vivid two-year debate inside the Obama administration that current and former officials said ultimately loomed as a lose-lose proposition for Mrs. Clinton. Any decision to designate could have been seen as the product of pressure from a Congress angry with Pakistan over NATO supply lines negotiations and the fate of Dr. Shakil Afridi, a Paki- stani who was jailed after helping the C.I.A. locate Osama bin Laden. Avoiding designation could have handed Mr. Obama’s Republican oppo- nents an opportunity to accuse the pres- ident of being weak on a lethal militant group that in June penetrated the pe- rimeter defenses of an American base in southern Afghanistan. In a conference call with reporters, two senior administration officials, who were not authorized to speak publicly about the issue, played down concerns from critics of the action and offered ex- amples of how they said the designation would help the United States. The designation provides the Depart- ment of Justice with new means of bringing prosecutions for material sup- port of the Haqqani network, which has raised money among conservative Mus- lims in the Persian Gulf since the 1980s. “It gives us a stronger tool as well for going out to other countries and saying we’ve taken this level of action against the group, and we urge you to do the same,” said one official. The two officials also dismissed the idea that the designation would un- dercut peace talks with the Taliban, which have been suspended since March. American officials, they said specifically, are not barred from talking to a designated organization. “Our policy in Afghanistan, as you well know, is fight, talk and build, which is focused not only on putting military pressure, but also seeking a peaceful resolution to the conflict,” one said. U.S. Blacklists Militant Haqqani Network MOHAMMED RIAZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS The network was founded by Jala- luddin Haqqani, shown in 1998. Declan Walsh reported from Islamabad, Pakistan, and Eric Schmitt from Wash- ington. Ihsanullah Tipu Mehsud and Sal- man Masood contributed reporting. By IAN AUSTEN QUEBEC — Calling Iran “the most significant threat to global peace and security in the world today,” Cana- da’s foreign affairs minister, John Baird, abruptly announced Friday that his government had cut all dip- lomatic ties with the country. Mr. Baird told reporters in Vladi- vostok, Russia, where he was at- tending the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit meeting, that Canada had closed its embassy in Tehran and given Iranian diplomats in Canada five days to leave. An online list prepared by the Depart- ment of Foreign Affairs and Interna- tional Trade indicated Friday morn- ing that there were 18 Iranian diplo- mats in Canada. The action by Canada contrasts with its decision in 1979 to keep its embassy in Tehran open after the United States Embassy there was seized by students and several diplo- mats were held hostage. Six Ameri- cans found sanctuary in the Canadi- an Embassy and were eventually smuggled out of the country using Canadian passports. Mr. Baird offered numerous rea- sons for his decision, including an at- tack last November by a crowd on the British Embassy in Tehran, which led to concerns for the safety of Canadian diplomats there. “The Iranian regime has shown blatant disregard for the Vienna Convention and its guarantee of pro- tection for diplomatic personnel,” Mr. Baird said. Mr. Baird also noted international criticism of Iran over its support of the government of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria as it violently sup- presses a widespread popular upris- ing. He also cited its human rights record, its assistance to terrorist groups and its noncompliance with United Nations resolutions concern- ing its nuclear program. He added that Iran “routinely threatens the existence of Israel and engages in racist anti-Semitic rheto- ric and incitement to genocide.” In a statement, Israel’s prime min- ister, Benjamin Netanyahu, a staunch opponent of Iran, praised his Canadian counterpart, Stephen Har- per, for “for taking a bold leadership decision that sends a clear message to Iran and the entire world.” Mr. Netanyahu added, “The re- solve that was demonstrated by Can- ada is highly important in order for the Iranians to realize that they can- not continue their race toward nucle- ar weapons.” Mr. Harper’s Conservative gov- ernment has been supportive of Is- rael on a variety of issues and has mirrored its aggressive stance on Iran. The Canadian Embassy had al- ready been reduced to about seven or eight staff members before the closing. Canada has not had a fully accredited ambassador in Iran since 2007, when Iran expelled the ambas- sador for unspecified reasons. The expulsion followed prolonged Cana- dian protests over the killing of a photojournalist, Zahra Kazemi, in an Iranian prison in 2003. Ms. Kazemi, a resident of Montreal, held both Ca- nadian and Iranian citizenship. Mr. Baird did not say why the deci- sion to cut diplomatic relations had been taken so long after the British Embassy episode, but he swiftly re- jected suggestions that the move in- dicated that a military attack on Iran by Israel or other nations was immi- nent. “Unequivocally, we have no in- formation about a military strike on Iran,” he said. Canada Closes Tehran Embassy And Orders IranEnvoys to Leave ADRIAN WYLD/THE CANADIAN PRESS, VIA A.P. Canada’s foreign affairs minister, John Baird, announced the step. N A5 INTERNATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 HAVANA (AP) — A spokes- man for Colombia’s main leftist guerrilla army said Friday that President Juan Manuel Santos’s rejection of a proposed cease-fire would not derail next month’s peace talks on ending a half-cen- tury of armed struggle. There is plenty of mistrust and bad blood to overcome, but the cease-fire issue is not insur- mountable, said the rebel spokes- man, Marco León Calarcá of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC. Nor, he said, is the seeming im- probability that a guerrilla im- prisoned in the United States will be freed to take part in the talks, as the rebels want. Mr. Calarcá said those obsta- cles were nothing compared with the problems related to 50 years of violence. “In that sense, look- ing at things optimistically, we think there is no problem we can’t solve,” he said. With both sides repeatedly em- phasizing the importance of hav- ing the will to make peace talks succeed, it was a surprisingly positive message just a day after Colombia’s government and the FARC seemed to be at logger- heads. The rebels announced Thurs- day that a cease-fire was at the top of their negotiating agenda, but Mr. Santos promptly said that it was not going happen. “There’s not going to be any cease-fire,” the president told reporters on Thursday night. “We will not give anything until we get the final agreement, and I want to make that very clear.” Mr. Santos added that the mil- itary and police in Colombia had even been told to intensify their actions against the rebels. Mr. Calarcá spoke to The Asso- ciated Press in Havana, where representatives of the FARC and the Colombian government spent six months working out an agree- ment announced this week to for- mally open peace talks on Oct. 8 in Oslo. Cuba, Venezuela and Chile also are taking part. A decade ago, peace negotia- tions fell apart after Colombia had ceded a large parcel of the country as a haven for the FARC, which used it as a base to contin- ue waging war elsewhere, ex- torting, kidnapping and traffick- ing drugs. Besides the cease-fire, the oth- er issue that cast some doubt over the talks before they even started was the FARC’s surpris- ing request to have an impris- oned comrade, Ricardo Palmera, take part. Mr. Palmera is in a United States prison serving 60 years for his role in the abduction of three Americans in Colombia. But Mr. Calarcá seemed confi- dent that something could be worked out. As for a truce, he said the FARC was proposing it to avoid further loss of life. “If we’re going to talk, let’s not do more dam- age,” he said. “If we’re inclined to peace, let’s not do more damage.” The conflict has cost tens of thousands of lives, many of them civilians, and has displaced countless others. Mr. Calarcá noted that the pre- liminary accord included a call for other armed groups like the smaller guerrilla force known as the National Liberation Army, or E.L.N., to help bring about peace. The E.L.N. has expressed a de- sire to take part in any peace pro- cess, and Mr. Santos has wel- comed the idea. Colombia’s Cease-Fire Refusal Won’t Halt Peace Talks, Rebels Say The Times Book Review, every Sunday A6 N INTERNATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By CHOE SANG-HUN S EOUL , South Korea L IKE so many South Korean parents at the time, Shin Kyung-sook’s mother saw education as her daughter’s best chance of escaping poverty and backbreak- ing work in the rice fields. So in 1978 she took her 15-year-old daughter to Seoul, where Ms. Shin would lie about her age to get a factory job while attending high school at night to pursue her dream of becoming a novelist. Seoul-bound trains at the time, like the one mother and daughter boarded that night, picked up many young rural South Koreans along the way — part of the migra- tion that fueled South Korea’s industrializa- tion but forever changed its traditional fam- ily life. It is that social upheaval that Ms. Shin evoked in her most famous novel to date, “Please Look After Mom,” which earned her the 2011 Man Asian Literary Prize and a commercial success attained by few other Korean writers. (Sales in South Korea passed two million this spring, and the book has been published in 19 other countries, in- cluding the United States.) That book and a more recent one, “I Will Be Right There,” about friendship and love set in the country’s political turmoil of the 1980s, are part of a body of work over three decades that has set Ms. Shin apart as one of the most accomplished chroniclers of mod- ern South Korea. “In her novels, readers have the chance to pause and reflect upon the other side of their society’s breakneck race for economic growth, what they have lost in that pursuit and upon people who were left behind in the mad rush,” said Shin Soo-jeong, a professor of Korean literature at Myongji University in Seoul. In “Please Look After Mom,” an elderly woman from the countryside travels to Seoul to visit her adult children and gets lost in what is quite literally a mad rush: the scramble to get on a Seoul subway. Review- ers have called her disappearance a meta- phor for the profound sense of loss in a soci- ety that hurtled from an agrarian dictator- ship to an industrialized democracy within a single and often tumultuous generation. That feeling has not overwhelmed South Koreans’ pride in their country’s accom- plishments, notably its rise from abject pov- erty to the world’s 13th-largest economy. But the sense of loss taps into a growing un- ease over some of the costs of that success, especially a widening gap between rich and poor and a generation of elderly people left largely to fend for themselves as their adult children work in cities. The filial guilt that suffuses the novel is universal, but also has a particularly Korean spin. Until a generation ago in South Korea, at least one adult child — usually the eldest son and his family — lived with aging parents un- til their deaths. Now, a growing number of older people live alone in their rural villages or in the nursing homes that are springing up across the country. Often, they have little money left, having invested their savings in their children’s educations with the expecta- tion that the children would prosper and eventually care for them. The children, meanwhile, living in a hyper- competitive society where people work some of the longest hours in the world, often la- ment that they are too harried to visit their elderly parents. Many also fear using too much vacation time, afraid of being seen as disloyal to their companies. I Nwhat Ms. Shin says is probably the most important sentence in her novel, the miss- ing mother expresses what many guilt- ridden readers imagine as their own moth- ers’ sense of helplessness at having been ef- fectively abandoned by their children. In a scene in which the old woman imagines meeting her own dead mother, she wonders: “Did Mom know? That I, too, needed her my entire life?” Ms. Shin’s life, which tracked the trajec- tory of her country’s rise, prepared her well for her role as an interpreter of her genera- tion. Born in the countryside like so many characters in her novels, Ms. Shin, 49, now lives in an expensive residential district in Seoul. Her husband is a college professor as well as a poet and literary critic. They have no children. From an early age, she was a voracious reader, hiding herself away with books her elder brothers brought home. (She was the fourth of six children.) By the time she was 15, she was increasingly certain she wanted to write for a living. After their arrival in Seoul on that night train in 1978, her mother left her in the care of an older brother in a crammed room in a slum. While he worked in a government of- fice by day and attended college at night, Ms. Shin worked in an audio and television parts factory and attended high school in the eve- nings. She was one of the youngest employees in the factory, where she witnessed the labor discontent that sometimes rocked South Ko- rea as its economy galloped ahead but many workers toiled in sweatshop conditions. “The girl sitting next to me at the night school had no fingerprints; she worked all day wrapping candies in a confectionery,” Ms. Shin said in an interview. “Most of my classmates sent part of their meager wages back home to support their little brothers’ and sisters’ education. When they came to class, they were so tired most of them dozed.” At her own factory, a clash involving one of the country’s growing number of labor un- ions turned violent as managers deployed their own security guards, who joined with the police in cracking down on workers or- ganizing for higher pay and better condi- tions. Ms. Shin stayed inside, amid the idled con- veyor belts, taking her mind off the mayhem by copying a new novel about the urban poor in longhand. In the end, Ms. Shin was the only one in her high school class to win admission to col- lege, as a creative writing major. She eventu- ally wrote about life at the factory in “A Lone Room,” one of her most acclaimed novels. Its French translation won the Prix de l’Inaper- çu in 2009. “I wonder what would have become of me in those days if I hadn’t had the goal of be- coming a writer to hang on to,” she said. “I was determined that one day I would write about what I saw and felt.” F OR several years after college, she sup- ported her writing with odd jobs: writ- ing scripts for a classical music radio station and reading books to blind people. But by 1993, she was successful enough to be able to write novels and short stories full time. She also was able to fulfill a personal promise: to repay her own mother’s sacri- fices for her children. The day they went to Seoul, she remembers, her mother’s face was etched with weariness. “I promised myself then that one day I would write a beautiful book for Mom,” she said. That book, “Please Look After Mom,” so- lidified her standing as one of South Korea’s finest living novelists and won her accolades. Her mother’s reaction was decidedly more muted, typical of a generation of women who pushed their children hard to succeed but were accustomed to restraining their own emotions, even when those children met or exceeded their family’s high expectations. As Ms. Shin recounted, “She only said, ‘My dear, you have done well.’” “I wonder what would have become of me in those days if I hadn’t had the goal of becoming a writer to hang on to.” SHIN KYUNG-SOOK JEAN CHUNG FOR THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE THE SATURDAY PROFILE A Writer Evokes Loss on South Korea’s Path to Success By IAN AUSTEN QUEBEC — The host of the election night victory party where a gunman killed one per- son and wounded another, appar- ently as part of an attempted as- sassination of Quebec’s premier- designate, said that the police ig- nored his warnings about securi- ty deficiencies at the event. In interviews with several Que- bec news outlets, the host, Yves Desgagnés, an actor and director, said that security at a back door, which the gunman tried to enter before setting it on fire, appeared to be “very weak.” Speaking with the French serv- ice of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Mr. Desgagnés said that when he tried to raise his concerns with officers from the Sûreté du Québec, the provincial force that is responsible for pro- tecting politicians, they told him “to mind my own business.” Mr. Desgagnés has called for an independent inquiry into the force’s security policies. Pauline Marois, the premier- designate, was celebrating the return to power of her separatist Parti Québécois late Tuesday night when a man shot and killed a stagehand under a covered por- tico at the rear of a Montreal con- cert hall where the party was be- ing held. He also shot and crit- ically wounded a second man be- fore setting fire to the rear door using a flare and gasoline. Several Canadian news outlets, quoting witnesses, reported that the man’s rifle had appeared to jam, which seemed to cause him to retreat. He was detained be- hind the hall by two officers from the Montreal police force who happened to be nearby for unre- lated reasons. The Sûreté largely provides police services outside the prov- ince’s major cities, and its in- vestigative techniques have often been criticized in recent years. After a meeting of North Ameri- can leaders in Montebello, Que- bec, in 2007, it was widely ac- cused of trying to instigate vio- lence after it was revealed that three masked and boisterous pro- testers captured on videotape, in- cluding one holding a rock, were undercover officers for the Sûre- té. Clashes between members of the Sûreté and students protest- ing tuition increases this spring were much more prone to vio- lence than those involving the Montreal police force. Several news media groups have also criticized the Sûreté for raiding the home of a reporter from Le Journal de Montréal, a French-language tabloid, after he wrote about the lack of security on medical records at four hospi- tals. Last week, the newspaper said it was suing the Sûreté for $425,000 over the raid. In an in- terview, Lt. Guy Lapointe, a spokesman for the Sûreté, dis- puted the validity of Mr. Des- gagnés’s security concerns. “I can understand how he thought there was a threat,” Lieutenant Lapointe said. “But there were a lot of officers he couldn’t see.” While the rear door was very close to the stage where Ms. Marois was speaking — and from which she was abruptly removed by Sûreté officers — Lieutenant Lapointe said that security cam- eras indicate the gunman never entered the building. On Thursday, the Quebec gov- ernment said that the stagehand, Denis Blanchette, 48, was killed as he tried to stop the gunman and will be given a special cere- monial funeral. As he was led away by the po- lice, the shooting suspect, Rich- ard H. Bain, who was wearing a bathrobe at the time of his cap- ture, shouted in French, the “English are awakening.” Man Says He Questioned Safety Before Quebec Shooting JACQUES NADEAU/LE DEVOIR, VIA THE CANADIAN PRESS, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS Richard H. Bain, the suspect in a shooting at an election night victory party, arrived in court in Montreal on Thursday. By ISABEL KERSHNER JERUSALEM — The instruc- tions from the Israeli govern- ment were clear in the hours af- ter Palestinian terrorists killed two Israeli athletes at the Munich Summer Olympics in 1972, took nine others hostage and demand- ed the release of more than 200 Arab prisoners. “The Israeli government does not negotiate with terrorists,” read the urgent cable, marked classified and sent to the Israeli ambassador in Bonn, the capital of what was then West Germany, on Sept. 5, 1972. “The government expects the German authorities to do everything in their power to rescue the hostages.” But a German raid failed and by the early hours of Sept. 6, the hostages were shot dead, appar- ently by one of their captors as they sat, bound, in a helicopter that was then blown up by a ter- rorist grenade. One German po- lice officer also died. That night, according to a formerly top se- cret document, Zvi Zamir, the Mossad chief who witnessed the botched rescue, told Prime Min- ister Golda Meir and other top of- ficials, “They didn’t make even a minimal effort to save lives, didn’t take even a minimal risk to try to save the people, neither theirs nor ours.” Now for the first time, these and dozens more classified docu- ments relating to the killing of the athletes have been made pub- lic after four decades left sitting in cardboard boxes in the Israel State Archives, the repository of the country’s collective memory and many of its secrets. Their publication last week was timed to coincide with the 40th anniver- sary of the Munich massacre. Days later, capitalizing on the publicity generated by the Mu- nich files, the Israeli government invited reporters for a rare tour of the national archives. Staff members presented the estab- lishment as easy to use and tried to dispel some of the mystery that shrouds the institution — though reporters were asked not to disclose its location. The tour began in an unimpos- ing building that houses the pub- lic reading room, in an area of Je- rusalem better known for low- price supermarkets, furniture stores and car repair shops. The reporters were then escorted in minibuses to the unmarked build- ing that contains the files. No one was blindfolded. Here, roughly 300 million docu- ments fill boxes neatly stacked on gray metal shelves that, if laid out in a line, would stretch for about 28 miles. Established in 1949, some of the records go back to periods before the state was established, like population ledg- ers from the period of Ottoman rule. Newer records pulled out of storage for the visitors included the handwritten manuscript, or diary, that Adolf Eichmann, the high-ranking Nazi who helped or- chestrate the Holocaust, kept during his two-year imprison- ment and trial in Israel, before his execution in 1962. Yossi Co- hen, the manager of the archive, said that Mr. Eichmann’s family members had requested the dia- ry but were given a photocopy. Mr. Cohen also produced a box containing the Beretta pistol that Yigal Amir used to assassinate Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995, as well as the bullets re- trieved from Mr. Rabin’s body that had been modified by Mr. Amir’s brother, Hagai, to make them all the more lethal. The state archive works under the auspices, though not the in- structions, of the prime minis- ter’s office, and it is regulated by a 1955 law stipulating that the minutes of ordinary cabinet meetings are classified for 30 years. Material pertaining to se- curity matters and meetings of the security cabinet is classified for 50 years, and anything per- taining to the intelligence agen- cies or to the personal affairs of individuals for another 20 years after that. Requests for early declassifica- tion may be submitted and, in consultation with the bodies the documents pertain to, may be granted if the material is deemed in no way damaging to the coun- try’s security or foreign relations. “Our duty is not only to safe- guard the historical materials in a passive way,” said Ruti Avra- movitz, the deputy archivist, “but also to see to it that the public, whom we serve, should know about these materials and make use of them.” The state archivists are press- ing ahead with a substantial scanning project so that declassi- fied documents can be accessible to the public with a click of the mouse. Further shaking off the musty image of the institution, its Web site provides links to its Facebook page, its YouTube channel and its own blog. But the openness has its limits. Even after the classification peri- od of a particular document is over and technically it can be published, said the chief archivist Yaacov Lozowick, “We may read it and decide that it can’t.” In the case of the Munich files, the archivists said that the prime minister’s office turned down a request for early declassification of the minutes of the security cabinet meetings from the time. The popular newspaper Yediot Aharonot wrote that the publica- tion of the rest of the Munich files followed months of negotiations involving the newspaper, the state archivists and the prime minister’s office. It added that Prime Minister Benjamin Netan- yahu had opposed early declassi- fication of the security cabinet discussions on the grounds that the sharp criticism of Germany contained might harm Israeli- German relations. An official in the prime min- ister’s office, who was not au- thorized to discuss the issue pub- licly, said that a decision was tak- en to stick to the regulations re- garding the release of the Munich documents and that those deal- ing with the issue had not been guided by diplomatic consider- ations. Germany has opened its Munich files and the German newsmagazine Der Spiegel has published its own revelations, in- cluding a recent article based on documents suggesting that Ger- many maintained secret contacts with the Palestinian organizers of the massacre for years after the attack. For many here, the depiction of the actions of the German au- thorities reflected in the 1972 doc- uments that Israel did allow to be published was harsh enough. Along with some heated dis- cussions and reports about the shortcomings of Israel’s own in- telligence agencies and their fail- ure to protect the athletes, the documents revealed details of the fraught communications in the midst of the episode, including with American officials, over whether that summer’s Olympic Games should be suspended or even canceled. One cable from the Israeli Em- bassy in Bonn, recently taken from its box at the archives, of- fered another tantalizing insight, not just into the circumstances surrounding the Munich massa- cre, but also into what other se- crets may be waiting. The widely reported document said that the Olympic Committee and the West German authorities had initially decided not to stop the Games be- cause a suspension could disrupt police operations — and because “German television has no al- ternative programming.” DPA/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY The Israeli Olympic team in Munich in 1972. Members were later taken hostage by Palestinian terrorists and then killed. From Israel’s Archives, Papers on Munich Killings A critique of the German authorities in the 1972 deaths of athletes. An establishment’s records go back to before Israel became a nation. N A7 INTERNATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By LIZ ALDERMAN PARIS — Samir Chaffar shook his head slowly on a recent week- day as he scanned a raft of news- papers at a kiosk near the Louvre. President François Hollande was preparing to cut 33 billion euros, or $42 billion, from the budget to keep the euro crisis from infecting France, the head- lines read. How would the French withstand it, demanded Mr. Chaf- far, a plumber whose business has slowed, when the economy was already stagnant and unem- ployment was at 10 percent, a 10- year high? “When Hollande places auster- ity on us,” Mr. Chaffar said an- grily, “things will get worse.” Mr. Hollande has reached a pivotal moment as the Conti- nent’s debt crisis flares anew. He is pledging to push the country’s deficit down to 3 percent of gross domestic product by the end of next year, to adhere to the rules of euro zone membership and prevent the nation from getting caught up in the currency’s latest troubles. But as a Socialist president who ran a campaign that opposed austerity, Mr. Hollande is facing rising discontent as he prepares to assemble the package of tax in- creases and spending cuts re- quired for that effort. How he fares could very well determine whether the ailing French econ- omy succumbs to a spiral of de- cline the way other euro zone countries have. Mr. Hollande has upset busi- ness leaders with his proposed tax increases — in a country where it is already seen as ex- pensive to do business. Political parties are bickering about the 3 percent deficit limit. And econo- mists say they will not be sur- prised if people take to the streets soon if Mr. Hollande bites into the economy too deeply. “France is really at a cross- roads,” said Jean-Paul Fitoussi, a professor of economics at the Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris. “There’s no sure answer as to whether France will escape the crisis. “If there is social unrest, then market sentiment will change,” Professor Fitoussi said. “If the policies cause growth to slow even more, market sentiment will change, too.” On Friday, Mr. Hollande said the stagnant economy, which has been at a standstill for three quarters, made it imperative to cut the budget, and that better fi- nances would restore growth. “This will be the biggest effort in 30 years,” he said. Just where the biggest cuts might come is unclear, and anxiety is building. On Sunday, Mr. Hollande is ex- pected to outline his plan in a 20- minute television interview. But there are growing doubts about him and his team. On Friday, the newspapers Le Monde and Le Fi- garo both took note of “Hollande bashing” on the left and right of French politics and the news me- dia. The risks are not merely politi- cal. If spending cuts lead to a weaker economy, the resulting decline in tax revenue could make the budget-cutting task that much harder. The French government has said the deficit- reduction target could rise to as much as $56.3 billion if the econ- omy expands only 0.5 percent next year, as many economists now predict, instead of the 1.2 percent forecast. The problem is by no means as daunting as that facing the shaky coalition government in Greece, where tensions have reignited at the prospect of further cuts in the teeth of a five-year recession and 23 percent unemployment. But the challenges are none- theless formidable for Mr. Hol- lande, who presides over a coun- try where government expendi- tures are more than 56 percent of gross domestic product, one of the highest ratios in the euro zone. He has insisted that the cuts will done in a “prudent” and “honest” way that will not hurt the economy or break his pledge to shield the French people from austerity. To give himself eventual cover for painful measures against mid- dle-class benefits, Mr. Hollande’s initial focus has been on tax in- creases, mainly for companies and the rich. The government has already identified about $9 billion worth of savings, mostly by closing about 500 tax loopholes and in- creasing taxes on dividends and stock options. That aims to get the deficit from 5.2 to 4.5 percent by the end of the year. To get it to the neces- sary 3 percent, more tax in- creases will be proposed, includ- ing a 75 percent marginal income tax on income above 1 million euros, $1.3 million, and a “social tax” on a wide variety of income to help pay for the health care system. The government has rejected imposing a value-added tax on items like food products pro- posed by Mr. Hollande’s prede- cessor, Nicolas Sarkozy, saying the effect on those at the margins of society — who spend most of their money on consumables — would be too large. So far, Mr. Hollande is sticking with promises to create up to 60,000 new teaching jobs without increasing the public payroll, and is not planning to touch the edu- cation budget. Layoffs in the po- lice and justice services have been mostly ruled out. Critics say he needs to negoti- ate more strongly with the un- ions, for instance, to try to reduce labor costs in a way that would make France more attractive to business investments. But the finance minister, Pierre Moscovici, recently dis- couraged the notion of labor moves, saying the government would focus instead on investing in innovation and research and other ways of financing the econ- omy. “The question of labor costs is not the alpha and omega of what needs to be done,” he said in a recent interview with the French business newspaper Les Echos. Rising Anxieties as France Prepares for Budget Cuts PHILIPPE WOJAZER/REUTERS President François Hollande visited the Evian water bottling plant on Friday. Businesses are upset at planned tax increases. A leader who campaigned against austerity gets ready to deliver a dose. ister Mario Monti, a respected economist, had been pushing for a European Central Bank pro- gram as a safety net. But he is loath to accept the terms that might now be required because of their potential to choke off eco- nomic growth and because of Ita- ly’s own complicated political scene. The country’s ruling politi- cal parties, which support Mr. Monti for now, are rapidly losing popularity to anti-euro populist forces as national elections ap- proach next spring. At the same time, some Ital- ians would welcome the idea of the Central Bank’s conditions as a way of forcing change through the sclerotic Italian political sys- tem. But there is considerable un- certainty about what kinds of conditions would be required in return for the new program, and Mr. Draghi made it clear that there would be different condi- tions for different countries. In part to reassure the Ger- mans, Mr. Draghi said that the bank’s new willingness to buy bonds of countries facing market speculation would be dependent on “conditionality” — working out a program of structural and economic change with experts from the European Central Bank, the European Union and the In- ternational Monetary Fund, the so-called troika that has ar- ranged full bailout programs for Greece, Ireland and Portugal. But when asked how condition- ality would be defined, Mr. Draghi was deliberately vague. There is a further uncertainty about the survival of the euro zone, which the Central Bank is mandated to defend. Once the Central Bank loads up further on Spanish and Italian bonds — it has already bought more than 200 billion euros ($256 billion) of European bonds, including 50 bil- lion euros ($64 billion) from Greece — it will find it very diffi- cult to stop its bond buying even if countries do not keep to their promises of reform. To do so would be a form of suicide, be- cause it could set off market pan- ic and force countries to exit the euro, beginning a process with no clear end. But to numerous Europeans in countries with economic prob- lems, from Greece and Italy to Portugal and Spain, there also seems to be no end to hard times. “I’m pretty convinced that Ita- ly will apply for aid from the E.C.B sooner or later, and we’ll work just to repay the money that the Germans lent us,” said Gianluca Braia, 40, a Roman who lost his job at a food company that outsourced his work. “I’m happy that Monti is prime min- ister,” he added, “but the music changes little for us citizens.” After Initial Fanfare, Plan By Bank Draws Detractors SUSANA VERA/REUTERS A man shopped at a Madrid grocery store at a time when tax rates on Spanish goods and services have increased sharply. Reporting was contributed by Landon Thomas Jr. and Stephen Castle from London, Rachel Donadio and Gaia Pianigiani from Rome, Melissa Eddy from Berlin, and Raphael Minder from Madrid. From Page A4 EUROPE Italy: Dozens Missing After Migrants’ Boat Sinks Rescue teams on Friday were searching the waters off a southern Ital- ian islet for survivors of a boat loaded with migrants that apparently ran into difficulties a day earlier while crossing from Africa. Italian and NATO crews rescued 56 people and recovered one body, but passengers on the craft said that dozens of people were missing. Survivors have given different figures for the number of passengers, so “it’s unclear how many were on the boat,” said Cmdr. Filippo Marini, a spokesman for the Italian Coast Guard. Initial reports suggested that the migrants were Tunisian, he said. Some were rescued at sea, and others managed to swim to the small islet of Lampione, south of Sicily. Prosecutors in Sicily have opened an investigation, the news agency ANSA reported. According to Amnesty International, about 1,500 migrants drowned in 2011 trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe. ELISABETTA POVOLEDO Britain: Prince Harry Begins New Afghan Deployment Three weeks after making headlines with a game of strip billiards with a group of women in a Las Vegas hotel suite, Prince Harry, third in line to the British throne, has begun a four-month deployment to Afghani- stan as the co-pilot and weapons officer of an Apache attack helicopter. The 27-year-old prince joined his unit of the Army Air Corps at Camp Bastion in Helmand Province, where he will fly combat missions against the Taliban. His previous service in Afghanistan was in 2007 and 2008, when he served 10 weeks as a forward air traffic controller, helping direct strikes on the Taliban. The Apache deployment was one he had lobbied strongly for with British defense chiefs. JOHNF.BURNS MIDDLE EAST Iraq: Multiple Bombings Kill 8 at Mosques in Kirkuk Three separate bomb attacks against Shiite mosques in the northern city of Kirkuk killed eight civilians on Friday and wounded 70 others, the police said. The attacks took place as worshipers were leaving the mosques, said the Kirkuk police commander, Brig. Gen. Sarhad Qadir. He said the deadliest attack occurred when a parked car bomb went off in Kirkuk’s southern Domiz area. A second bomb exploded after the po- lice and rescuers rushed to the scene. Those explosions killed a total of eight people and wounded 36. At two other mosques in the center of the city, three bombs wounded 34 people. (AP) AFRICA Kenya: Clashes Over Land and Water Leave 12 Dead Fighting between cattle herders and farmers over land and water killed 12 people on Friday in a southeastern region, the Kenya Red Cross said. The Red Cross said 10 other people were wounded in the fighting in the Tana River delta region, near where more than 52 Orma cattle herders were killed late last month by Pokomo farmers. Mohammed Morowa, a Pokomo, said that 11 of those killed in the attack on Friday were his rela- tives and that the killings were retaliation by the Orma for the massacre last month. (AP) ASIA Myanmar: Parliament Passes Foreign Investment Law Parliament adopted a foreign direct investment law on Friday that ana- lysts say is crucial to the government’s ambitious plans for economic expansion. The law drops several provisions in the original draft that had raised fears it could deter investors. The law was seen as one of Parliament’s most urgent tasks and was passed on the last day of its current session. One proposal dropped from the law would have re- quired a $5 million minimum initial investment outlay. The final version also allows foreign parties to hold a 50 percent stake in joint ventures rather than limiting them to a proposed 49 percent. (AP) World Briefing By DAMIEN CAVE MEXICO CITY — Seeking bet- ter controls for its militarized ap- proach to combating drugs in Central America, the United States has suspended all sharing of radar intelligence with Hondu- ras after the Honduran Air Force shot down two planes that might have been carrying drugs in July, American officials said Friday. The indefinite suspension rep- resents a significant shift for what American officials had pre- viously described as a model of international cooperation in the war on drugs. American officials say they are trying to establish stricter protocols to prevent rash unilateral action. “We are reviewing the pro- cedures regarding cooperation for interdiction between the Unit- ed States and Honduras,” said William Ostick, a State Depart- ment spokesman. “We are doing a complete review.” The attacks were not previ- ously disclosed by American offi- cials, who said Friday that they had taken place off the northern Honduran coast, a common route for cocaine traffickers. The offi- cials said that American agents had not investigated the crash sites and did not know who or what had been aboard. Insisting that no Americans were involved, the officials said the Honduran Air Force’s actions violated a bilateral agreement, which prohibits attacks on civil- ian aircraft. Mr. Ostick said that after the downings occurred, the American ambassador “ex- pressed grave concern” and re- quested a full accounting. Mr. Ostick said the United States would continue to keep its radar intelligence to itself until Honduras put in place “remedial measures” that would prevent similar episodes. It is unclear what those meas- ures might be. Nor is it clear whether the suspension repre- sents a larger break with a policy of more direct involvement in Honduras, where the American military has recently built a num- ber of bases for drug interdiction. Since then, American agents and the Honduran authorities have seized several tons of cocaine but have also been involved in con- troversial shootings. Analysts said the attacks on the planes might have forced American officials to relearn les- sons from the past about the risks of antidrug operations that sidestep broader reforms. “It reflects the institutional cul- ture; these are the good guys,” said Geoff Thale, program direc- tor for the Washington Office on Latin America. “And then the Americans get burned because the corruption is far deeper than they thought.” U.S. Suspends Its Antidrug Radar-Sharing With Honduras Charlie Savage contributed re- porting from Washington. A8 N INTERNATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By JANE PERLEZ BEIJING — A series of earth- quakes shook two rural provinces in southwest China on Friday, killing at least 64 people and de- stroying more than 6,600 homes, provincial authorities said. The tremors hit Yunnan Prov- ince and adjoining Guizhou Prov- ince, both agricultural areas pop- ulated by some of China’s poorest people. The strongest earthquake had a magnitude of 5.7, according to the China Earthquake Net- works Center. More than 200,000 people were evacuated from their homes in Yunnan, a province known for its scenic beauty and ethnic diversi- ty, said the Yunnan Provincial Civil Affairs Bureau. Prime Min- ister Wen Jiabao flew to the earthquake zone on Friday evening. In the town of Luozehe, a rice- and tobacco-growing area in northeastern Yunnan, 46 people were killed, according to Qiu Yu, an official with the civil affairs bureau. More than 700 people were injured and more than 120,000 homes seriously dam- aged, Mr. Qiu said. The earthquake was so violent that rocks from landslides crushed cars in Luozehe, a water company worker, Tan Xuewen, said in a telephone interview. “Suddenly we felt the strong earthquake,” Mr. Tan said. “Huge rocks fell off the mountain. I im- mediately grabbed an old person and began to run.” The local government authori- ties ordered people out of their homes, which are spread across the hills of a mountain valley, and told them to gather in the public square. At a tiny primary school in Luozehe, the teacher, Ma Decai, said his 11 students, ages 9 to 12, were eating lunch in the dining room when the earthquake hit. “Dirt dropped from the ceiling into our bowls and cooking pots,” Mr. Ma said. The students aban- doned their meals and ran out of the room, he said. As he tried to prepare a new lunch for the stu- dents, aftershocks struck the building. Large cracks appeared in the mud and stone schoolhouse, and the toilet collapsed. “Workers used steel in the construction, but they cut corners,” Mr. Ma said. “It’s not safe.” In neighboring Guizhou Prov- ince, the authorities said they knew of no casualties. But homes in rural Guizhou, often built of wood and mud, are usually con- structed on hillsides, and pro- vincial authorities said some homes had been damaged or de- stroyed. Tents, blankets and coats were being sent to the region, the offi- cial Xinhua news agency said. Guizhou, an area of rice farms and coal mines, is also undergo- ing major development, with hundreds of millions of dollars pumped into the province in the last year to build roads, bridges and industrial zones. It was not immediately known if any of the new projects were damaged by the earthquake. In 2008, a severe earthquake struck Sichuan Province, north of Yunnan, killing nearly 90,000 peo- ple. Shoddy construction was blamed for many of the deaths. REUTERS Soldiers led residents and carried children after earthquakes hit Yunnan Province and adjoining Guizhou Province on Friday. At least 64 people died, officials said. Series of Deadly Earthquakes Rattle 2 Rural Chinese Provinces COLOR CHINA PHOTO, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS People ran away as rocks fell near their vehicles after the quakes. Officials said more than 6,600 homes were destroyed. Patrick Zuo contributed research. By DECLAN WALSH and SALMAN MASOOD ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — A judge in Pakistan granted bail on Friday to a Christian girl ac- cused of burning a religious text- book, a significant step in a con- troversy that has renewed scru- tiny of the country’s blasphemy laws. After a lengthy hearing with heated arguments, Justice Mu- hammad Azam Khan ordered that the girl, Rimsha Masih, be released on bail of one million ru- pees, or $10,500, sparing her what could have been months in a no- torious high-security facility waiting for her case to come to trial. Her lawyer said he expect- ed her to be released by Saturday evening. Ms. Masih, who comes from a family of sweepers — work shunned by Muslims but com- mon among poor Christians — has been detained in a high-secu- rity prison since mid-August, when Muslim neighbors in her Is- lamabad suburb accused her of burning a textbook used to teach the Koran to small children. In his detailed ruling published later Friday, Justice Khan upheld the findings of a medical report that put Ms. Masih at 14 years old and found that her mental capaci- ties were not commensurate with her age. The prosecution had challenged the report, claiming she was 16 and not developmen- tally disabled. Campaigners called on the po- lice to drop the charges entirely, because Ms. Masih is a minor. “The police should come forward and say there is no case, and that there will be no trial,” said Asma Jahangir, the country’s most prominent human rights lawyer. The case has come to repre- sent what many see as the abuses carried out in the name of Pakistan’s colonial-era blas- phemy laws, which critics say are often used to intimidate members of minority groups. Ms. Masih was jailed after hundreds of Mus- lims protested outside her local police station at the instigation of a cleric, Muhammad Khalid Chishti,who said she should face the full force of the law — includ- ing, possibly, the death penalty. This week, the police detained Mr. Chishti on suspicion that he planted pages from the Koran on Ms. Masih.Calls for the case to be dropped have grown. Outside the courtroom on Fri- day, a group of children with Down syndrome held a banner that read, “We want to meet Down syndrome girl Rimsha.” In- side, lawyers made long and often fiery arguments that, at one point, prompted the judge to ask that decorum be respected. Ms. Masih’s lawyers said the blasphemy charge was a ruse on the part of a local “land mafia,” with the goal of evicting up to 400 Christian families from her neighborhood. Munir Jafferi, a police officer, told the court that Mr. Chishti had added two pages of the Ko- ran to a bundle of already burned pages from the religious textbook in an effort to bolster the evi- dence against Ms. Masih. Days earlier, Mr. Jafferi said, some Muslims in the locality had objected to Christians’ playing music during religious services. During Friday Prayer, Mr. Chish- ti “asked the landlord to evict the Christians from the neighbor- hood,” he said. Human Rights Watch wel- comed the ruling in a statement on Friday. “The fact is that this child should not have been be- hind bars at all,” it said. An international advocacy or- ganization, Avaaz, said it had gathered more than a million sig- natures from around the world in support of Ms. Masih. After the hearing Friday, Rao Abdur Raheem, the prosecution lawyer, said he accepted the judge’s order as a conscientious Pakistani citizen. “The accused and the co-ac- cused are both Pakistanis,” he said. “Rimsha had an allegation against her. She is welcome to go back to her home.” Growing calls for prosecutors to drop a case against a young Christian girl. Bail for Girl In Pakistan Facing Charge Of Blasphemy Release Is Expected In the Coming Days By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK BEIRUT, Lebanon — Syrian rebels claimed Friday night that they had freed 350 prisoners held in a security building in the divid- ed city of Aleppo, while in the op- position stronghold of Homs the rebels’ supporters held a public protest against the disorganiza- tion and lack of unity among their forces. Taken together, the develop- ments amounted to a rare break- through but also a sign of strain for the armed opposition, as the 18-month uprising against Presi- dent Bashar al-Assad appeared to settle into a protracted stale- mate, with his forces having the advantage in military might, but being unable to stamp out the in- surrection. A rebel assault on Aleppo that has lasted for weeks appears to have stalled in the face of the Syr- ian military’s artillery and air power, but rebels there said that after a daylong battle they had captured a military headquarters in the neighborhood of Hanano with the 350 captives inside. The rebels called them political pris- oners. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an opposition group based in Britain that tracks the violence, said 4 opposition fighters died in the attack and at least 18 government soldiers were killed. Because Syria bars most foreign journalists from the country, those accounts could not be confirmed independently. While the fighters in Aleppo struggled to advance in block-by- block combat, opposition sup- porters in Homs, one of the first cities to rise up, were holding what some called the first protest against the fractious alliance of rebel brigades known as the Free Syrian Army. “Instead of calling for the fall of the regime, we are protesting to- day to call for the unification of the Free Syrian Army,” said an activist in Homs who would allow the use of only his first name, Mohamed, because of fears for his safety and that of his family. “It’s humiliating,” he said over an Internet connection, with the chants of demonstrators ringing in the background. As an example of the rebels’ lack of coordination, Mohamed recounted the story of an initially successful assault three days ago on three government check- points. The fighters captured the checkpoints, made off with weap- ons and ammunition, but failed to leave anyone to guard the posi- tions. “How could they do something like that?” he asked. “The regime forces came back and seized back the checkpoints. But if the Free Syrian Army were united, we wouldn’t make such a horrible mistake.” “It is really a shame that after Homs was called the capital of the revolution, Homs no longer deserves this name,” Mohamed added. “Hundreds of families liv- ing under the siege here have been so disappointed.” In Damascus, the capital, two bombs killed at least six of Mr. Assad’s security officers and al- lied militiamen, known as the shabiha. The first bomb was detonated around the end of Friday Prayer near a group of about 50 police of- ficers and shabiha who had gath- ered outside a mosque in the neighborhood of Ruknideen to deter any demonstrations by worshipers leaving a mosque, witnesses said. State news media said the bomb had been planted on a moped, and the explosion killed six police officers and civil- ians while wounding others. Syri- an television showed a blood- stained wall, crumpled vehicles and rubble left by the blast. “The car bombs and blasts have become a daily thing in Da- mascus and its suburbs,” said a 50-year-old resident of the neigh- borhood nearby. “These blasts and car bombs are the biggest proof that the Assad regime no longer has control on the ground,” he said, speaking on the condition of anonymity out of safety concerns. “The regime closes the city’s entrances to pre- vent such an attack, but today’s explosion proves there are sleep- er cells inside the city that can carry out any attack in any time.” A second bomb exploded about two hours later in a car in the up- scale neighborhood of Mezzeh. Syrian state news media said that it went off on the street be- tween the Information Ministry and the Justice Ministry, and that no fatalities were reported. The bomb exploded in a patrol car,said a witness, who de- scribed ambulances moving wounded security men. But the report of no deaths could not be corroborated. Most of the capital was under a tight lockdown, with Syrian soldiers and tanks sur- rounding the mosques in an at- tempt to deter post-Friday Pray- er demonstrations,and heavily guarded checkpoints ringing the city. Residents and opposition groups reported shelling in the area around the crowded Yar- mouk camp for Palestinian refu- gees, along with street fighting in the neighborhoods of Bebila, Kazaz and Tadamon as the mil- itary continued its promised drive to “cleanse” greater Da- mascus of rebels. But in some places, hundreds of opposition supporters none- theless held public rallies under the protection of Free Syrian Army fighters to demonstrate their continued hold on at least a handful of suburbs despite the military’s campaign to uproot them. After weeks of attacks by both soldiers and aircraft, resi- dents said that opposition fight- ers still controlled a number of pockets around the capital. “The regime announced many times that its forces will ‘purify’ or ‘cleanse’ or ‘liberate’ the Da- mascus suburbs from the ‘armed gangs,’” said a 28-year-old dem- onstrator who gave his name as Osama at a rally in the Al Hajar Al Aswad neighborhood. “But the regime lies in everything. The op- position fighters are fighting in- side the city of Damascus while the Assad forces reattack the oth- er districts with their tanks and helicopters.” Three United States senators — John McCain, Republican of Arizona;Lindsey Graham, Re- publican of South Carolina;and Joseph I.Lieberman, a Connecti- cut independent — on Friday de- clared their support for a pro- posal from Turkey for Western powers to create a protected buff- er zone for the opposition within Syria’s borders. The senators, who were returning from a visit to the region,said that as fighting continued without Western sup- port, militant Islamists were more likely to gain power among the opposition. “The opposition has effectively seized control of a piece of land in northern Syria,” The Associated Press reported Mr. Lieberman as saying.“If we help them protect themselves from Assad’s helicop- ters and fixed-wing aircraft,they can establish a transitional gov- ernment.” He said such a step would allow exiled civilian oppo- sition leaders to connect with rebel fighters. Mr. Lieberman expressed con- fidence that if the Western pow- ers warned the Assad govern- ment that an attack on the safe zone would be greeted with “a vigorous response, they would not attack it.” Syrian Rebels Say They Freed 350 Prisoners, as Others Appeal for Unity MUHAMMED MUHEISEN/ASSOCIATED PRESS Syrian girls whose families have fled the fighting played with an even younger refugee on Friday, at a border crossing near Azaz, Syria. Many there seek to go to refugee camps in Turkey. Hwaida Saad contributed report- ing from Beirut, and an employee of The New York Times from Da- mascus, Syria. Everything you need to know for your business day is in Business Day. The New York Times A9 N SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 DOUG MILLS/THE NEW YORK TIMES ON THE ROAD AFTER THE CONVENTIONS President Obama on Friday in New Hampshire, one of the tossup states in an election that is less than two months away. Mitt Romney made a stop in the state later in the day, and both men campaigned in Iowa, one of the other battlegrounds. By ADAM NAGOURNEY CHARLOTTE, N.C. — The goal of the Democratic convention was to draw a sharp contrast between the visions offered by President Obama and Mitt Romney, promote a first- term record that many Democrats feel Mr. Obama has failed to articu- late and persuade nervous Ameri- cans to stick with this president through tough times. For Republicans, the goal of their convention was to flesh out a candi- date who had been caricatured as bloodless, portray Mr. Obama as out of his depth and make voters who supported Mr. Obama in 2008 com- fortable with leaving him in Novem- ber for a lesser-known opponent. As Democrats left here on Friday, the emerging consensus was that Mr. Obama had gone further in meeting the goals. But even as the grading begins, the overriding question might be how much these conventions mat- tered. There is growing evidence that this year more than ever, the po- litical significance of these extrava- gant and costly events was on the decline, just another in an ever- growing vortex of forces that help shape the election. “There was a day where these conventions were covered much more intensively, there was less to watch on TV and voters were more open,” said David Axelrod, a senior adviser to Mr. Obama. “But now, by the time the conventions took place, 90 percent of voters are locked in.” Mr. Axelrod said the conventions had become “much more marginal than they once were” and were now much less about reaching undecided voters, since so few watch, and more of a pep rally to motivate the base. That is no small thing, he said, but certainly far short of the significance that conventions once held. Stuart Stevens, Mr. Axelrod’s counterpart in the Romney cam- paign, said conventions offered the party a platform to make its case but long ago lost their potential to “sling- shot you forward.” “One thing about this race that I kept muttering about even before the conventions is that more ads have been run this year before the convention even started than were run in all of ’08,” Mr. Stevens said. When measured by viewership and the number of prime-time hours that the networks devote to them, the conventions have been on the wane since the days when there were actually contested battles on the floor for the nomination. But changes in campaigns over the past four years have hastened their slide. Voters in swing states have al- ready been inundated with months of commercials from the Obama campaign, which decided to start ad- vertising early, and from independ- ent committees supporting Mr. Rom- ney, not to mention 24-hour cable news coverage, delivered with a par- tisan tone by some networks. After all that, there is little in the conventions, which themselves re- semble elongated advertisements, to draw viewers’ interest or provide them with information that could sway their opinions. Since 2004, conventions have tak- en place later in the season, and the practice of separating them by a few weeks has long fallen by the way- side. That created a 10-day blur of convention coverage, challenging campaign officials who are looking for some way to break through. And by Labor Day, the holiday that sepa- rated the two conventions this year, voters are much further along the decision-making track and, particu- larly in swing states, are awash in in- formation about the candidates. “I think they have absolutely no impact on election results whatso- ever,” said Allan J. Lichtman, a histo- ry professor at American University in Washington. “And people are catching on these conventions don’t matter. They are just daylong info- mercials. People are beginning to re- alize that.” Chris Lehane, who helped oversee the 2000 Democratic convention for Al Gore, said candidates had not ex- perienced any real lift in polls from these gatherings at least since 2004. “The conventions are watched by far less people, and the press covers them in a far more critical and skep- tical fashion,” Mr. Lehane said. “They are akin to a political appen- dix. They exist but do not serve the purpose they were originally created to serve, which was to truly nomi- nate the ticket.” There is a very narrow band of voters who might genuinely be open POLITICAL MEMO Conventions DrawCrowds but Sway Few Voters DAMON WINTER/THE NEW YORK TIMES The close of the Republican National Convention last week. Most voters have already made up their minds, and there is an ever-growing vortex of forces that help shape the election amid the 24-hour news cycle. Continued on Page A10 Daylong infomercials that come when voters are already inundated with political ads. By JEREMY W. PETERS and HELENE COOPER SIOUX CITY, Iowa — Mitt Romney’s plane touched down here on Friday, and with it arrived the beginning of what is expected to be the most expensive and intense political advertising war ever. The Romney campaign has un- leashed its first barrage of commercials in Iowa and seven other battleground states, a narrowly targeted effort that underscores just how much money will flood so few states in such a small amount of time. It also presents a chal- lenge to the Obama campaign, which will be at a financial disadvantage. Mr. Romney will spend $4.8 million for just four days of advertising. In Iowa — and in a handful of states from Colorado and Nevada in the West to New Hampshire and Virginia in the East — the next two months before Election Day will be a blur of television, radio and Internet ads, campaign rallies and endless unsolicited phone calls. Friday, the first real day of general election campaigning, offered a preview of what the race will look like over the next few weeks — in all its relentless- ness and fury. As the morning newscasts were get- ting under way with coverage of both Mr. Obama’s speech to the Democratic convention on Thursday night, and the release of new, disappointing jobs num- bers, the Romney campaign put its ads on the air. They hammer the president with a line of attack that Mr. Romney has started making more forcefully in re- cent days: that Mr. Obama’s policies have failed to make the country better off than it was four years ago, despite what he and his allies might say. For his part, with the convention over Mr. Obama wasted no time crisscross- ing the country. He and Mr. Romney campaigned just hours apart in Iowa and New Hampshire. Then the presi- dent left for Florida, where he is going on a bus tour this weekend. Mr. Obama alluded to his financial disadvantage while campaigning in Portsmouth, N.H., with his wife, Mi- chelle, and Vice President Joseph R. Bi- Continued on Page A10 Race Is On In Earnest As Candidates Hit the Road Voters can expect a blur of ads and a torrent of unsolicited phone calls. A10 N NATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 ELECTION 2012 By ADESHINA EMMANUEL WASHINGTON — Ballots cast in November will help decide how the federal government con- fronts the costs of college and what role the private sector plays in higher education. Both President Obama and Mitt Romney tell students and families that they understand the financial strain caused by soar- ing tuition and swelling student debt, but they offer vastly differ- ent solutions to the problem. If re-elected, Mr. Obama says he will try to defend the Pell Grant program from budget cuts and make sure that the amount of the grants increases as sched- uled next year. He would work to extend a tax credit, set to expire in January, that gives individuals and families a tax break of up to $10,000 over four years of college. Mr. Obama would also push a proposal that would link some federal aid to colleges’ success in curbing tuition increases. In a second term, Mr. Obama would continue a crackdown on for-profit colleges that was begun after investigations concluded that many of them were charging high tuition while producing low graduation rates and inadequate- ly preparing those who did grad- uate for the workplace. The ad- ministration has already barred for-profit schools from tying bo- nuses for recruiters to the num- ber of students they enroll. Mr. Romney’s policy proposals for higher education reflect his desire to reduce federal spending to address budget deficits and to shift more government functions to the private sector. A Romney education adviser, Scott Fleming, said that in his first year as president, Mr. Rom- ney would work to make financial aid available for students who “need it most.” The implication is that eligibility criteria would tighten and assistance would be available to fewer students. Mr. Romney’s running mate, Representative Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin, is the author of the House’s 2013 budget proposal, which would freeze the maxi- mum Pell grant at the current amount, $5,500, for a decade, re- duce the number of recipients and let the tuition tax credit ex- pire. Mr. Fleming said that Mr. Romney would also try to remove what he considers incentives in the federal financial aid system that encourage institutions to raise tuition. In addition, private lenders and banks — rather than the government — would return to issuing federally subsidized college loans. Mr. Fleming also said that Mr. Romney would act quickly to eliminate the Education Depart- ment’s “gainful employment” rule for college career programs. The regulation, introduced last year with for-profit colleges as the primary target, withholds grants and loans from institu- tions that do not provide training and credentials that translate to a “recognizable” profession. It also says that a college can qualify for more federal money only if at least 35 percent of its former stu- dents are repaying their loans, and it says that students’ annual loan repayments cannot exceed 12 percent of their earnings. The federal government’s role in providing access to college and regulating institutions has evolved over the years. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society programs included the first version of the Higher Education Act, which is responsi- ble for the grant-centered ap- proach to financing higher educa- tion. The act, which expires at the end of next year, created the Bas- ic Educational Opportunity Grant, later renamed in honor of Senator Claiborne Pell, Democrat of Rhode Island. Both of the next two presidents, the Republicans Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, faced Democratic superma- jorities in Congress and contin- ued to increase federal spending on higher education. At the time Jimmy Carter took office in 1977, the basic Pell grant covered more than 70 percent of the cost of attending a public four-year college, which aver- aged $2,145 a year, according to the National Center for Educa- tion Statistics. In 2011, the grants covered less than a third of the costs at these schools, where the average cost of tuition, room and board had climbed to almost $16,000. Republicans opposed the 1979 law that established the Educa- tion Department but were help- less to stop Mr. Carter and the Democratic majorities in Con- gress. The government’s role in higher education was a target of conservatives during President Ronald Reagan’s two terms, which started during a recession and included a Republican major- ity in the Senate for the first time since the 1950s. Federal support for grants leveled off amid huge public spending cuts, and the vol- ume of student loans started climbing as students and families borrowed more. With the Senate and the House under Republican control in President Bill Clinton’s second term, Pell grants were frozen at $4,500 a year from 1997 to 2000. The maximum grant was in- creased under President George W. Bush and the Republican ma- jorities in the House and the Sen- ate, but it was reduced in 2003 to $4,050, where it remained until 2007. After winning a House ma- jority in 2006, Democrats set their sights on increasing financial aid and lowering interest rates on loans. Mr. Bush’s 2008 budget again increased the amount of Pell grants — a move viewed as a response to pressure from Con- gress. He also signed a measure that lowered interest rates on loans and cut subsidies to private loan companies. Most of Mr. Obama’s efforts on college affordability occurred in the first two years of his presi- dency, before the Republicans took control of the House in the 2010 elections. Democrats praise Mr. Obama for increasing and ex- panding federal financial aid, es- tablishing the supremacy of fed- eral direct loans while pushing aside what he has called middle- man lenders and banks, keeping interest rates on loans low, re- structuring repayments and tak- ing a tough regulatory stance on for-profit colleges. Some Demo- crats also criticized the adminis- tration for eliminating Pell grants for summer courses. Republicans, of course, grade the president’s record more harshly. Mr. Romney argues that the president has perpetuated a cy- cle in which colleges raise tuition prices and expect the govern- ment to foot the bill with extra aid. Many educators and other higher education experts say that a cut in federal financial aid would increase the burden on students and families in the short term, and that there is no hard evidence that it would curb tu- ition increases down the road. Research shows a positive corre- lation between need-based aid like the Pell grant and college completion. But Mr. Obama and Mr. Rom- ney have similar views in some aspects of their higher education platforms. Both acknowledge that a tradi- tional four-year degree is not the only successful route. Both point to the benefits of vocational train- ing. Both candidates also seem to agree that students and families should have comprehensive, transparent information about the cost and value of college so they can “shop around,” as Mr. Romney put it. And both men’s platforms do not address several root causes of high tuition increases, like di- minished state financing to pub- lic institutions, which are attend- ed by 80 percent of college stu- dents, and big spending by insti- tutions competing for more pres- tige. The proportion of public col- leges’ revenue from states was 38.3 percent in 1991 but fell to 24.4 percent by 2008, according to a report from Demos, a policy group in New York. State higher education financing declined by 7.6 percent last school year, the biggest drop in at least 50 years. Private Sector Role Is at Heart of Campaigns’ Split on College Costs Exploring the is- sues in the 2012 campaign. To join the conversa- tion, go to: theagenda.nytimes.com The Agenda den Jr. and his wife, Jill. “You can’t give up on the idea that your vote makes a differ- ence,” Mr. Obama told the crowd. “Because if you do give up then the lobbyists and the special in- terests, they’ll fill the void: The folks who are writing the $10 mil- lion checks, the folks running all these super PAC ads.” Mr. Obama also took some swipes at Mr. Romney and Re- publicans, saying their criticisms of him were merely a diversion because they lacked a plan of their own. “They want your vote, but they don’t want to show you their plan,” he said. “That’s because all they’ve got to offer is the same prescriptions that they’ve had for the last 30 years — tax cuts, tax cuts, gut some regulations, oh, and more tax cuts. Tax cuts when times are good; tax cuts when times are bad. Tax cuts to help you lose a few extra pounds. Tax cuts to improve your love life. It will cure anything, according to them.” Mr. Romney’s campaign re- leased 15 new ads in all, each fo- cused on a specific state and the issues most likely to resonate with voters there. In Florida, for example, people will see commercials about fall- ing real estate values and high foreclosure rates. In Colorado, where the military and its con- tractors are large employers, people will be told that the presi- dent’s budget cuts could cost 20,000 military jobs there. And here in Iowa, ads will tell voters how “excessive govern- ment regulations are crushing small businesses and family farms.” Despite the differing mes- sages, the ads open with the same clip from Mr. Romney’s ac- ceptance speech at the Repub- lican National Convention. “This president cannot tell us that you’re better off today than when he took office,” he is shown say- ing. The other states where the ads will run until Tuesday — when both candidates have agreed to suspend their advertising for the anniversary of the Sept. 11 at- tacks — are Nevada, New Hamp- shire, North Carolina, Ohio and Virginia. The ads will help Mr. Romney keep pace on the air with Mr. Obama, who spent close to $50 million on television commercials in the last month alone. Though Republican “super PACs” gave him cover by show- ing their own ads during the sum- mer, Mr. Romney was limited by campaign finance regulations from spending his $185 million war chest on advertising until he officially became the nominee. For the first time, Mr. Obama will be at a direct spending disad- vantage compared with Mr. Rom- ney. As of the most recent re- porting period, which counted campaign account totals through the end of July, Mr. Obama had about $60 million less cash on hand than his Republican rival. And the super PAC that sup- ports him, Priorities USA Action, has failed to raise money at the same levels as its Republican counterparts, which will continue to inundate the airwaves with ads. American Crossroads, the su- per PAC founded by Karl Rove and other top Republican strat- egists, started a new $6.6 million advertising campaign this week with an ad that mocks the presi- dent’s campaign slogan, “For- ward.” “President Obama says he’ll move us forward. But where’s he taken us so far?” asks an an- nouncer before giving a list of grim economic statistics. The different targets of the candidates’ ad campaigns show how a race this tight could turn on any number of issues or demo- graphics. Both campaigns have pursued carefully focused advertising strategies, said Elizabeth Wilner of Kantar Media’s Campaign Me- dia Analysis Group. “Obama’s advertising has tar- geted by demographic: lots of ads aimed at Latinos, women, with ads about abortion-related issues, young people with ads about the cost of education, etc.,” she said. “Romney’s advertising is geo-targeting with economic is- sues: housing in Florida, manu- facturing in Ohio. And it’s a re- flection of the broader situation. In a nutshell, the economy favors Romney. The demographics fa- vor Obama.” Race Is On In Earnest As Rivals Hit Road From Page A9 MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Mitt Romney at a rally on Friday at Northwestern College in Orange City, Iowa. With the conventions over, he and President Obama stepped up their campaigns. Jeremy W. Peters reported from Sioux City, Iowa, and Helene Coo- per from Iowa City. CHARLES KRUPA/ASSOCIATED PRESS Senator Claiborne Pell in 1995. President Obama and Repre- sentative Paul D. Ryan disagree on increases in Pell grants. to argument. But officials with both campaigns said they were concerned that the television au- dience was made up overwhelm- ingly of friendly crowds looking to cheer on their team: Republi- cans tuned in last week, and Democrats this week. More than anything, given the fire hydrant spray of information hitting voters from so many dif- ferent sources, the half-life of even the biggest events is dimin- ishing. (Quick: What was the theme of Mr. Romney’s accept- ance speech last week?) The discussion over whether former President Bill Clinton had bested Mr. Obama with his speech flared just before mid- night on Thursday and was gone by Friday morning, as attention turned to the latest round of em- ployment figures. And all that free advertising that Mr. Rom- ney and Mr. Obama enjoyed at their conventions is already be- ing overwhelmed by the tidal wave of campaign advertising by Mr. Romney, coinciding with the start of the general election cam- paign. This is not to say that conven- tions have become complete rel- ics. More than 35 million people watched Mr. Obama’s speech, and 30 million watched Mr. Rom- ney, according to Nielsen rat- ings; all three networks showed the speeches. That is one of the largest audiences that the two men will get during this cam- paign, and Mr. Axelrod said he presumed that at least some of the viewers had not made up their minds. And the reception inside the hall was just as important, he said. Rallying the party is critical in a year like this. Even some Republicans said Mr. Obama’s camp produced the more effective convention, with greater enthusiasm, more mem- orable speeches and fewer mis- haps. “The Democrats did a far bet- ter job at their convention than the Republicans, with every- thing, which is unusual, because usually the Republicans did that stuff better,” said Matthew Dowd, who was the strategist in the re-election campaign of Pres- ident George W. Bush. “The Republican convention in every way felt old and back- ward,” he said. “The Democratic convention at least felt as if it was in the 21st century.” Conventions are also a fair measure of basic campaign com- petence. Even the best-planned convention is going to have some problems, and there was no ex- ception here. Mr. Obama had to intervene to end an embarrassing platform fight over recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. And the dominant memory of the Repub- lican convention might not have been the speech by Mr. Romney, but rather the image of an actor arguing with an empty chair on the stage. You do remember that, right? POLITICAL MEMO Party Conventions Draw Crowds but Don’t Sway Many Voters From Page A9 N A11 NATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 .......................... It’s not quite “Mad Men Missouri,” but a little drama is playing out in a dispute be- tween a beleaguered Senate candidate and a television ad- vertising sales department in the state. The candidate is Represent- ative Todd Akin, below left, who is already on the defen- sive for remarks he made in his campaign against Sena- tor Claire Mc- Caskill, right. The other is KOMU, a Co- lumbia, Mo., NBC affiliate, which report- ed that it had pulled Mr. Akin’s ads midway through their intended run be- cause of an unpaid bill. The report prompted ques- tions about whether Mr. Akin has the cash to go forward with his bid. His campaign has been operating without help from national Republican groups after he said on Aug. 19 that women’s bodies can pre- vent pregnancy in cases of “legitimate rape.” Party lead- ers, including Mitt Romney, have urged him to step aside. But speculation that the campaign is out of money are “factually false,” said Rick Ty- ler, a senior adviser to Mr. Akin’s campaign. “In the last 18 days, we have raised over $400,000 online alone,” Mr. Ty- ler said. While he would not say how much of that is in the bank, he insisted the cam- paign is not in debt. As for the ads, according to Mr. Tyler, the Akin cam- paign booked, and paid for, half a week of ads, thinking they would probably re- up for the rest of the week. And they did, he said — “but a day later.” Tom Dugan, the general sales manager at KOMU, said the campaign booked a full week of ads, but paid for only half. Both sides agree that after KOMU’s news division ran an article saying the ads had been pulled because of lack of payment, the Akin campaign canceled its remaining pur- chase. SARAHWHEATON AD RUN CANCELED Akin’s Finances in Question .......................... BROOKLINE, Mass. — Days after Joseph P. Kennedy III stood in front of the Demo- cratic National Convention to offer a tribute to his great-un- cle, Senator Edward M. Ken- nedy, he found himself on a smaller platform just outside Boston, shaking hands with commuters at a public transit station here on the first day of his general election campaign in the Fourth Congressional District of Massachusetts. Mr. Kennedy, 31, handily won his primarily election here Thursday, taking 90 per- cent of the vote in a contest with two relatively unknown rivals, Rachel Brown and Herb Robinson, and once again keeping the Kennedy name prominent in Massachu- setts politics. A former assistant district attorney and Peace Corps vol- unteer, Mr. Kennedy is hoping to take the seat occupied by Barney Frank, who an- nounced last fall that he would retire after representing the district for more than 30 years. “Those are very, very, very big shoes to fill,” said Bobbi Fox, 58, a software engineer who, like Mr. Frank, lives in Newton, Mass., and was chat- ting with Mr. Kennedy on Fri- day evening. She plans to vote for Mr. Kennedy, she says, but said he still needed to prove himself to voters who proba- bly knew more about his fam- ily than about him. Mr. Kennedy’s challenger, Sean Bielat, shares the senti- ment. “Based on what I’ve seen from his résumé, it’s pretty thin,” said Mr. Bielat, who de- feated Elizabeth Childs, a for- mer state health commission- er, and David Steinhof, a den- tist, in the Republican prima- ry. Mr. Bielat, 37, a business- man and a former Marine, ran an aggressive race against Mr. Frank in 2010. JESS BIDGOOD FAMILY TRADITIONS A Kennedy Wins a Primary The online version of The Caucus, a blog looking at the latest political news from around the country: nytimes.com/politics the aisle, who found its free- wheeling style out of sync with the traditions of political conventions. Mr. Eastwood said that the Romney campaign had sought details about what he would say, but that he had balked at the notion of divulging too much or rehearsing. “They vet most of the peo- ple, but I told them, ‘You can’t do that with me, because I don’t know what I’m going to say,’” Mr. Eastwood told The Pine Cone, of Carmel-by-the- Sea, Calif. MICHAEL BARBARO Clint Eastwood said the idea for the most controver- sial convention speech in a generation came to him in the green room, just after he greeted Archbishop Timothy M. Dolan. “There was a stool there, and some fellow kept asking me if I wanted to sit down,” Mr. Eastwood said. “When I saw the stool sitting there, it gave me the idea. I’ll just put the stool out there, and I’ll talk to Mr. Obama and ask him why he didn’t keep all of the promises he made to ev- erybody.” Mr. Eastwood broke his si- lence about what he acknowl- edged was a “very unortho- dox” endorsement of Mitt Romney during the Republi- can National Convention in an interview with The Carmel Pine Cone, his town’s newspa- per, published on Friday. During Mr. Eastwood’s speech on Aug. 30, carried in prime time on the night that Mr. Romney accepted his par- ty’s nomination for president, Mr. Eastwood engaged in a rambling and sarcastic con- versation with a chair, telling the audience that an invisible President Obama was sitting in it. His talk drew tough re- views from political and me- dia analysts on both sides of Eastwood Says Speech Was Entirely Spontaneous ELECTION 2012 few Democratic stalwarts from Wall Street showed up, including Robert E. Rubin and Roger C. Altman, who were, respectively, Treasury secretary and deputy Treasury secretary in the Clinton administration, and Mark T. Gal- logly, a co-founder of the invest- ment firm Centerbridge Part- ners. Notably present — given the Wall Street defections from Mr. Obama’s cause — was Hamilton E. James, president of the private equity firm Blackstone, who was attending a convention for the first time. Blackstone’s co- founder, Stephen A. Schwarz- man, is a top Romney fund-raiser. But Mr. James, who has ex- pressed concern for rising in- come inequality, decided to do the same for the president after some courtship. Republicans, reflecting a more populist conservative base in the South and West, used their con- vention to showcase support for small business as their way of reaching the middle class. “You have a party becoming the champion of small business, which is where the middle class starts,” said Carly Fiorina, a for- mer chief executive of Hewlett- Packard. Among Republican convention speakers were executives of com- panies that Bain Capital invested in, attesting to Mr. Romney’s qualifications and questioning Mr. Obama’s ability to handle a struggling economy. “You have to ask yourself,” said Tom Stem- berg, who headed Staples, “Why would an administration that can’t create any jobs demonize someone who did?” So it was that in the Demo- crats’ counterprogramming, Governor Markell, the former Nextel executive, said in his re- marks that just because Mr. Romney succeeded in business, it “does not mean he deserves to be president.” By JACKIE CALMES CHARLOTTE, N.C. — With both parties’ conventions now concluded, what is clear is that each played to type — Repub- licans as the party of business, Democrats of the worker. For President Obama, however, the week here captured his tricky balancing act: a four-year strug- gle to show that pro-worker does not mean antibusiness. The Democrats’ three-day pro- gram, and Mr. Obama’s climactic nomination acceptance speech on Thursday, included standard slams at oil and insurance com- panies, but far fewer knocks at private equity firms like Mitt Romney’s Bain Capital than the Obama campaign and its allies were lobbing just a few months ago. The challenge for the cam- paign was to counter Republican attacks at their Tampa, Fla., con- vention depicting Mr. Obama as the enemy of job creators when unemployment persists, while energizing his liberal base in the convention hall and beyond. The delicate juggling was most evi- dent on Wednesday, during the brief daily window of network television coverage. To the chagrin of moderate Democrats, a prime-time speaker was Elizabeth Warren, the liberal scourge of Wall Street who is run- ning in Massachusetts to unseat Senator Scott P. Brown, a Repub- lican. Her scheduling slot reflect- ed Democrats’ zeal to capture that seat and protect their slim Senate majority. “The system is rigged,” Ms. Warren shouted to a receptive crowd. (While she spoke, televi- sion showed Michelle Obama chatting with Julián Castro, the mayor of San Antonio and the convention keynote speaker.) “Look around,” Ms. Warren said. “Oil companies guzzle down billions in profits. Billionaires pay lower tax rates than their secre- taries. And Wall Street C.E.O.’s — the same ones who wrecked our economy and destroyed millions of jobs — still strut around Con- gress, no shame, demanding fa- vors and acting like we should thank them.” But as the schedulers ar- ranged, she followed James D. Sinegal, the well-known co- founder of Costco. He was among several speakers from the busi- ness world chosen to affirm Mr. Obama’s philosophy that the pri- vate sector needs the hand of government to educate a work force, build roads, finance re- search and more. That sought to counter a Republican convention theme, based on an Obama quote taken out of context, that the president recently said of busi- nesses, “you didn’t build that.” “Some of my friends in corpo- rate America say that they need a government that gets off the backs of businesses,” Mr. Sinegal said. “And that’s why many of them are supporting the opposi- tion with donations of hundreds of thousands of dollars.” “But I think they’ve got it all wrong,” he continued. “Business needs a president who has cov- ered the backs of businesses, a president who understands what the private sector needs to suc- ceed.” Wednesday night’s other speakers included Ms. Warren’s like-minded Democrats, the A.F.L.-C.I.O. president, Richard L. Trumka, and Bob King, presi- dent of the United Auto Workers. But the hours before prime time also featured the billionaire in- vestor Tom Steyer, who intro- duced himself, with a hint of de- fensiveness, as “a businessman, a professional investor and a proud Democrat”; Gov. Jack Markell of Delaware, a self-de- scribed “card-carrying capital- ist” who helped found Nextel; Austin Ligon, a founder and for- mer chief executive of CarMax; and a small-business man from swing state Virginia, Bill Butcher. “If you listened only to Eliza- beth Warren, the message was catastrophically antibusiness,” said Matt Bennett, co-founder of Third Way, a centrist Democratic group. That “further drives a wedge between business and Democrats that may not be fair but is the way business perceives things,” he said. “And making voters into victims is not a win- ning strategy. “As Bill Clinton used to say, you can’t love the jobs and hate the job creators,” said Mr. Ben- nett, who worked in the Clinton administration. Mr. Obama’s speech, like Mr. Clinton’s the night before, he said, “hit the perfect balance: no victimization of the American middle class or excessive attacks on American business. Instead, he kept the focus on growth, shared prosperity and citizen- ship.” But it was Mr. Obama’s talk in past years, more than his pol- icies, that alienated many on Wall Street and in big business, corpo- rate representatives continue to say, like calling auto-company bondholders “speculators” and bankers “fat cats.” “There is a feeling that the ad- ministration does not understand business, and it’s not so much that they’re antibusiness, it’s that their intuitions are all wrong,” said one corporate representa- tive here, who like others asked not to be identified in criticizing Mr. Obama. “It’s like taking someone who’s grown up and spent their whole life on the Up- per East Side and put them in charge of farm policy.” Senator Charles E. Schumer, a New York Democrat whose con- stituency includes many who work on Wall Street, said he tells businesspeople, including those he saw at the convention, that Democrats are more likely to de- liver on their chief concerns: a skilled work force, because Dem- ocrats promote education, and deficit reduction, because Demo- crats are more willing to reduce spending on social programs than Republicans are to raise needed revenues. “When we focus on the actual policies and policy differences, as opposed to the rhetoric, we win business over,” he insisted. Representative Chris Van Hol- len of Maryland cited 18 tax cuts and increased lending for small businesses under President Oba- ma, adding, “There’s a lot that’s been done.” As it happens, corporate Amer- ica and Wall Street have largely recovered from the recession, even as the small businesses and workers that Mr. Obama and oth- er Democrats focus on continue to struggle. The stock market hit its highest level in four years Thursday before Mr. Obama ac- cepted the nomination and, on the morning after, the monthly jobs report again proved disap- pointing. For all the emphasis at Demo- crats’ convention on touting the administration’s rescue of the auto industry, the Big Three man- ufacturers were not in evidence. With taxpayers still owning about 30 percent of General Mo- tors, the company broke from its past practice of providing cars for officials at both parties’ conven- tions, an official said. A Repub- lican at a competing auto manu- facturer said, “I think business in general has a smaller presence at both conventions, and the auto industry is no different.” Corporate America was repre- sented at the Democratic conven- tion by the likes of AT&T, Com- cast, Bank of America and high- tech companies like Google. A Democrats Face a Juggling Act Over Jobs TRAVIS DOVE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Republican delegates in Tampa, Fla., last week, where the creation of jobs was a common theme. Tom Stemberg and Elizabeth Warren provided a sharp contrast in their views on the economy at their parties’ conventions. Trying not to sound like an enemy of business. TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES As retired Adm.John B. Nathman spoke to Democrats, many of them offered a response. STAN HONDA/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE/ASSOCIATED PRESS Jonathan Weisman contributed reporting. A12 N SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By MONICA DAVEY CHICAGO — With the possibility looming for a strike beginning on Monday across Chicago’s public schools, contract talks for city teachers were expected to stretch into the weekend, as hundreds of thousands of families began grap- pling with the prospect that school, only a few days old for many stu- dents, may come to an abrupt halt. A strike in this, the nation’s third-largest public school system, last occurred a quarter-century ago, and seemingly all involved — union members, city leaders and, perhaps most of all, Chicago par- ents — said they hoped such an outcome could still be avoided. At points on Friday, those on both sides of the contract negotiations expressed tempered optimism about progress in the closed-door discussions. Still, the two sides were wrestling with an array of matters regarding wages, teacher evaluations and future jobs for laid- off teachers. “I want the kids of the city of Chi- cago to stay in the classroom,” Mayor Rahm Emanuel said in an interview on Friday evening. “And the adults should stay in the negoti- ating room. And that’s where ev- erybody belongs.” A strike would leave some 350,000 students without classes, sports or college test preparation, and many parents without child care. Chicago Public Schools offi- cials have announced a contingen- cy plan, which would include half- days of supervised activities and meals at 144 schools around the city, but some parents said they were uncertain about their options and anxious about what Monday may bring. “It’s going to be a challenge,” Tutu Olaitan said as she dropped off her young children off at school here on Friday morning. The fight here, many months in the making, has grown out of a combination of circumstances: a school system facing a sizable budget gap; teachers who com- plain that a previously agreed to 4 percent raise never came; and ef- forts, led by Mr. Emanuel, to make other significant changes to the system, including lengthening the school day. Much is at stake for Mr. Eman- uel, who has cited improving the city’s schools as one of his top pri- orities since his election last year, but has found himself pitted against union leaders in this fight. On Labor Day, Karen Lewis, presi- dent of the Chicago Teachers Un- ion,described Mr. Emanuel as a “liar” and a “bully” before a sea of union supporters at a rally down- town, and declared, “This fight is for the very soul of public educa- tion, not only in Chicago, but every- where.” While battles over the benefits and bargaining rights of public workers have grown common in re- cent years in Republican-con- trolled states like Wisconsin, the fight over this union contract — and over what Mr. Emanuel has de- scribed as the most comprehensive reform in the Chicago public school system in a decade — is notable for taking place in a city long run by Democrats. In an interview, Ms. Lewis said that on matters like pay and bene- fits and job security, the union and school officials remained split. Pre- cise details of the negotiations have been kept private, though the size of wage increases is among the is- sues. School officials say teachers here make $76,000 a year on aver- age. “I do not have a crystal ball,” she said, of the likelihood of a strike on Monday. “We’ve been very clear to the other side that there’s a path- way to settlement. But we are still very far apart.” David J. Vitale, the president of the Chicago Board of Education, sounded more optimistic. But he also said Chicago could not wait much longer, adding, “We’ve got a responsibility to not create this kind of anxiety and lack of clarity for our parents and uncertainty for our kids.” School Year Just Begun, Union Talks In Chicago Teachers, city officials and parents hope a contract is approved and a strike avoided. By JULIA PRESTON Immigration enforcement authorities detained and deported record numbers of illegal immigrants in 2011 and are on track for similar figures this year, even as the numbers of migrants crossing the border illegally dropped to a 40-year low, according to data published Friday by the Department of Homeland Securi- ty. Immigration agents deported 391,953 foreign-born people during the 2011 fis- cal year, the department’s Office of Im- migration Statistics reported. They in- cluded more than 188,000 people who had been convicted of crimes in the United States — an “all-time high” for such deportations, the report found. Citizens of four Latin American coun- tries — Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador — made up 93 percent of all people deported last year. With just one month to go in the 2012 fiscal year, deportations were down slightly, with just over 366,000 people expelled through Aug. 31. But they in- clude more than 191,000 convicted crimi- nals, more than last year, according to figures from Immigration and Customs Enforcement, one of several agencies in the department. The figures provide a backdrop to the administration’s political calculations on the thorny issue of immigration as President Obama heads into the last stretch before the November elections. Although Homeland Security Depart- ment officials have said they are fo- cusing their efforts on criminals, the fast pace of deportations in the last two years was felt in many Latino immi- grant communities, and caused growing disillusionment with Mr. Obama. Pressure from Latino and immigrant groups helped persuade Mr. Obama to take a sweeping executive action in June to suspend deportations temporar- ily for as many as 1.7 million young ille- gal immigrants who came to this coun- try as children. The program, which has been very popular among Latinos, be- gan to accept applications on Aug. 15. Homeland Security Department offi- cials have not yet reported that any ap- plicants have been approved and their deportations deferred. In spite of the sharp increases in de- portations of criminals, Mr. Obama’s policies have not won him friends on the other side of the political divide. Repub- licans in Congress say the deferred de- portations are a backdoor amnesty, and they accuse the administration of crip- pling enforcement by demanding that agents steer away from arresting illegal immigrants if they are not convicted criminals. In addition to formal deportations, last year Homeland Security Depart- ment agents expelled about 324,000 for- eigners back to their countries without formal court proceedings, according to the report. Most were illegal immi- grants who agreed to leave voluntarily after they were detained, rather than be removed by the authorities. According to the new figures, Immi- gration and Customs Enforcement, which is known as ICE, detained about 429,000 immigrants last year, another record. Homeland security authorities have increasingly concentrated their efforts at the border with Mexico, with the ma- jority of detentions and expulsions com- ing there. In 2011, the Border Patrol cap- tured about 335,000 migrants trying to cross illegally, the lowest number since 1971, and the figures are continuing to drop. High rates of unemployment here and intensified border enforcement have discouraged many migrants from Mexico and Central America from at- tempting illegal crossings, officials said. The Republican presidential nomi- nee, Mitt Romney, has said his priority would be tougher border enforcement. He has not said if he would cancel the deferred deportations program. Record Number of Foreigners Were Deported in 2011, Officials Say By IAN LOVETT LOS ANGELES — Along Broadway here, in the heart of Chinatown, immi- grants crowd around fruit and vegetable shops, asking prices in Mandarin and Can- tonese. Men hawk huge red grapes from a pile in the back of a pickup truck. And poul- try shops sell not only chicken, but roost- ers, guinea hens and pheasants — live poultry is available on request. For more than 70 years, these small businesses have thrived here, lining both sides of the street. But some local residents and business owners fear this historic immigrant com- munity is now threatened by the newest addition to the neighborhood: Walmart, which plans to open a scaled-down version of its superstore just a few blocks from the heart of Chinatown. “They’re going to hurt the small busi- nesses,” said Grace Yen, a Taiwanese im- migrant who came here in 1986, as she sat in a Chinatown bakery. “They have a big- ger market. They’re going to take over ev- erything.” The Walmart Neighborhood Market would offer Chinatown its first mainstream grocery store in decades. But since the company’s plan was announced in Febru- ary, a furious battle has broken out over the project, with community activists and labor unions determined to block the world’s largest retailer from the neigh- borhood. In March, the City Council banned large chain stores from opening in Chinatown. But Walmart received its building permit a day before that vote, exempting the store from the ban. Then in June, thousands of protesters marched through Chinatown in a show of opposition to the new Walmart. Several la- bor unions have also sued to stop the project. But on Friday a judge declined to halt construction on the store, which began in July, until that case is heard. As a result, the Chinatown Walmart now looks more likely than ever to open as scheduled early next year. Christilily Chiv, 24, said she worries that Walmart’s arrival in the neighborhood where she was born and raised could mark the start of a major transition in China- town, which remains a first stop for many Asian immigrants, into a historic district where immigrants no longer live and work. “Chinatown is a cultural community,” Ms. Chiv said. “I want to preserve what is there. And I fear what’s going to happen is that by having commercial corporations come in, they are going to erase the cultur- al community and what it stood for in the first place.” Still, the storefront where the Walmart Neighborhood Market plans to open has sat vacant for two decades, and many resi- dents are eager to see it filled. “This community has not had a main- stream grocery store in 74 years,” said George Yu, executive director of the China- town Business Improvement District, not- ing that all grocery stores in the area close by 7 p.m. “What if you want yogurt or For more than 70 years, small businesses have thrived in Chinatown. Now Walmart’s plans for a store — in an area that hasn’t had a mainstream grocery in decades — have spurred a furious battle, with community activists and labor unions determined to block the giant retailer. A Walmart for Chinatown Stirs a Fight in Los Angeles Immigrants’ Small Businesses Fear Threat Continued on Page A15 PHOTOGRAPHS BY PATRICK T. FALLON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES N A13 NATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 the use of the coolant, economics propels them to use ever more — sometimes even if it means breaking the law. Although the Marcone case is the largest smuggling prosecu- tion anywhere so far, investiga- tors believe that smuggled gas is used by other companies in the United States, and European cus- toms officials have intercepted shipments of contraband gas ar- riving in Finland, Slovenia and Poland in the last two years, said Halvart Koeppen, a United Na- tions official who tracks illegal trade of the gas. This is “the tip of the iceberg,” he said. Much of the global air-condi- tioning industry relies on the gas the way the auto industry does on gasoline. But while oil is get- ting harder to find and more ex- pensive, HCFC-22 is becoming more abundant and remaining cheap on the global market. “There is no question that this is inhibiting phaseout,” said Rajendra Shende, a former head of the United Nations Ozone Ac- tion Programwho runs the Terre Policy Center, an environmental research institute in Pune, India. In the meantime, the price of legitimately obtained gas has been rising in the United States and throughout Europe. That is because governments of industri- alized nations, to comply with the ozone treaty known as the Mont- real Protocol, restrict the use of the environmentally damaging gas in various ways. In the Unit- ed States, the Environmental Protection Agency requires that companies obtain a license to make, sell or buy specific amounts of HCFC-22, with such “allowances” decreasing year by year. The dwindling supply has led to pronounced spikes in price. What once cost retailers like Marcone $55 a canister was by 2009 going for $140 in the United States. By reducing the supply of the coolant and encouraging prices to rise, the United States government hoped to force man- ufacturers and consumers to scrap old machines and invest in more environmentally friendly, if more expensive, alternatives. But it has not worked out that way, especially in recessionary times when people hang on to old appliances and search for cheap shortcuts. Many air-conditioning manu- facturers have even figured out how to sidestep the 2010 ban on selling new machines containing HCFC-22, by offering unfilled air- conditioning compressors that service workers swap into ex- isting units and then fill with the gas, creating refurbished ma- chines that are as good as new. The chemical giant DuPont has estimated that the service de- mand for HCFC-22 could exceed the supply by 27.5 million pounds annually in the United States for the next three years. A big chunk of that shortfall will be made up through smug- gling, experts say. And smuggled gas is cheaper, going for $130 a canister in the Marcone case. The smuggling is difficult to stop because gas canisters can be readily mislabeled to mask their content. Inspections are time- consuming, policing requires ex- pensive testing equipment that is in short supply, and border agents have more pressing tar- gets like guns and narcotics. In the 1990s, when the world began a successful campaign to eliminate the use of an even more powerful ozone-depleting sub- stance called CFC-12, smuggling was also a problem. But 20 years later, the challenges are far greater: the center of the cooling industry has moved to Asia, where gas production is more dif- ficult to monitor. China now makes more than 70 percent of the world’s room air-conditioners and more than half of the world’s supply of HCFC-22. It is also easier for smugglers to hide contraband in the dizzy- ing flows of legitimate goods in an increasingly globalized world. “This is a crime that has all the profits of drug trafficking and none of the risk,” said Mr. Watts- FitzGerald, the prosecutor in the Miami case. In many ways, it was Mr. Garcia’s bad luck that the only United States attorney’s dis- trict office to have a special envi- ronmental crimes unit is in South Florida. Its relentless two-year investi- gation — complete with wiretaps and informants — raised the cur- tain on a multimillion-dollar web of smugglers and trafficking routes stretching from factories in the developing world — mostly China — to the Dominican Re- public, Wales, Mexico and other points before the coolant gas end- ed up in American homes. The smuggled Marcone cool- ant entered the United States through a variety of ruses, evi- dence collected by prosecutors showed. Some of the Chinese gas on of- fer traveled to Ireland and the Dominican Republic before arriv- ing in Miami, hidden among le- gitimate goods in three cargo containers on a small freighter. Mr. Garcia helped falsify ship- ping documents, express-mailing faked invoices to middlemen in the Dominican Republic to ease passage into the United States. Other canisters came in an ille- gal shipment from Harp Interna- tional, a leading manufacturer of the gas in Wales, accompanied by false documentation that the gas had been recycled to comply with import restrictions. One lot of smuggled gas trav- eled a particularly dizzying jour- ney: made in the United States and exported to Mexico, only to be sent back to Miami. DuPont exports gas to Mexico — the top foreign destination for American-made HCFC-22 — be- cause it makes more of the cool- ant at its Louisville, Ky., factory than it is allowed to sell in the United States. But because Mex- ico does not yet restrict use of the gas, the market price in Mexico is far lower than in the United States. The smugglers took advantage of the differential, buying cheap- er DuPont gas in Mexico and routing it back through the Carib- bean to Miami for sale at north- of-the-border prices. The ship- ment was stopped after federal agents noticed that the canisters’ markings indicated that they had been packaged for the Mexican market. As a result of the Miami in- vestigation, Marcone pleaded guilty to violating federal laws, although on the witness stand its chief executive said he had not realized Mr. Garcia’s imports were illegal. So did several smug- glers, including a Florida couple and a now-jailed Irish national fi- nanced by a Peruvian business- man who was recently indicted as well. Caught on a wiretap, Mr. Gar- cia once asked a supplier wheth- er the product was from Hon- eywell or DuPont. “From China,” the man an- swered. Over time, he apparently be- came comfortable with his boom- ing business, bragging about how easy it was to smuggle coolants into the United States. “Remember that there are a bunch of tricks,” he said. As Coolant Tied to Global Warming Is Phased Out, Smugglers Profit How a Contraband Coolant Entered the United States Some of the methods used to illegally import HCFC-22 On June 26, Carlos Garcia, vice president of the St. Louis-based appliance supplier Marcone, was sentenced to 13 months in prison for his role in the illegal importing of more than $11 million worth of a controlled refrigerant gas called HCFC-22 by Marcone’s Miami branch. Federal laws strictly limit imports of this ozone-depleting gas while its use in this country is being phased out. At least three separate smuggling operations funneled Chinese-made HCFC-22 into the U.S. In one case, shipments were routed through the Dominican Republic, where Mr. Garcia told smugglers how to fake invoices to get the coolant past customs officials. Smugglers later paid him a kickback of $5,120. Coolant was manufactured for legitimate export by DuPont at its Louisville, Ky. plant. From there, it was shipped to Texas for packaging and then exported to Mexico. There, smugglers bought it and illegally reimported it into the U.S. via the Dominican Republic. The American subsidiary of Harp International, a major refrigerant supplier based near Cardiff, Wales, falsified documents to give the impression that a shipment of HCFC-22 destined for Marcone was recycled and therefore in compliance with EPA import restrictions. THE NEW YORK TIMES FROM CHINA FROM WITHIN THE UNITED STATES FROM BRITAIN BRITAIN CHINA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC DOMINICAN REPUBLIC MEXICO Articles in this series describe the impact of the rising demand for coolant gases, a growing contrib- utor to global warming. Chilling Effect ONLINE: Previous articles in the series: nytimes.com/world MID-ATLANTIC Pennsylvania: Tax Increase Suspended Harrisburg officials, who have fought bitterly over the city’s debt, have agreed to try to seek common ground and have won a reprieve from a judge’s or- der for an income tax increase. Judge Bonnie Lead- better of Commonwealth Court on Thursday agreed to reconsider the 1 percentage point increase in the earned income tax that she ordered last month. The move came after lawyers for the city’s state-ap- pointed receiver, the City Council and Mayor Linda Thompson stated their desire to work toward a solu- tion. Judge Leadbetter had ordered the Council to pass the tax increase as part of a recovery plan be- ing put in place by the receiver, William Lynch. Har- risburg is saddled with about $320 million in debt be- cause it guaranteed bonds used to pay for repairs on a troubled trash incinerator. (REUTERS) Pennsylvania: Feud Ends in Arrests A man who was angry about a photo of his girlfriend on Facebook took revenge against the former boy- friend who posted it, making a hoax call to the police that set off a terrorism scare and ended with the ex- boyfriend being taken off an airliner at gunpoint, the authorities say. Kenneth W. Smith Jr. was arrested Friday on charges of making a false threat to the Philadelphia police, who recalled a flight bound for Dallas and marched the former boyfriend, Christo- pher Shell, off the plane on Thursday. The episode led to Mr. Shell’s own arrest on drug warrants after he finally reached Texas to celebrate his 29th birth- day. Both men posted bond on Friday. US Airways Flight 1267 was about 90 miles into its flight when the plane was turned around on Thursday morning. After it landed in Philadelphia, heavily armed offi- cers removed Mr. Shell. During questioning, he told the authorities of the romantic feud, which involved hostile text messages with his ex-girlfriend and en- counters with Mr. Smith, according to a federal affi- davit. Mr. Smith acknowledged calling the police to say Mr. Shell was carrying liquid explosives, the affi- davit said. (AP) MIDWEST Illinois: Jackson Released From Clinic Representative Jesse L. Jackson Jr. has returned to his home in Washington after being treated for de- pression at the Mayo Clinic, Mr. Jackson’s chief of staff in suburban Chicago said Friday. “He’s at home in Washington convalescing with his wife and chil- dren,” said the aide, Rick Bryant. Mr. Bryant said he was not sure when Mr. Jackson was released from the clinic. (AP) Illinois: Student Held After Firing Gun Police officials say a teacher tackled a student just after gunshots were fired into the ceiling of a packed classroom on Friday at a high school in Normal, 135 miles southwest of Chicago. No one was injured. A 14-year-old student was in custody. Chief Rick Bleichner of Normal said that a handgun was used but that the shots were not directed at anyone. The motive was not known. (AP) WASHINGTON Pact Is Signed to Protect Great Lakes The United States and Canada signed an accord in Washington on Friday to protect the Great Lakes, the world’s largest freshwater system. The agree- ment, which updates promises between the two na- tions first made in 1972, sets goals for each country to address invasive species like the Asian carp; curb phosphorus runoff, which can contribute to algae blooms; and cut pollution from industry and vessels. Each nation will now need to develop policies to im- plement their common objectives, according to the agreement. (BLOOMBERG NEWS) New Commander for Submarine Force The Navy on Friday put a new commander in charge of its submarine force. Vice Adm. Michael Connor is succeeding Vice Adm. John Richardson, who is tak- ing over as director of naval nuclear propulsion. With the change of command, Admiral Connor is now the Navy’s top submarine commander and will directly manage the force’s Atlantic fleet, which is spread among bases in Connecticut, Georgia and Virginia. He will also serve as commander of NATO’S Allied Submarine Command. (AP) National Briefing DAVID PROEBER/PANTAGRAPH, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS Parents gathered at a church in Normal, Ill., on Friday after a gun was fired at a nearby school. DILIP VISHWANAT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES The Marcone company of St. Louis, which distributes appliance parts, was implicated in a coolant smuggling scheme. A video of a company official charged in the case, Carlos Garcia, above left, was used in evidence at his trial in federal court. He was convicted. From Page A1 Government restrictions set off a thriving black market. Get more on NYTimes.com. A14 Ø Ø N NATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA Large-scale cheating has been uncovered over the last year at some of the nation’s most com- petitive schools, like Stuyvesant High School in Manhattan, the Air Force Academy and, most re- cently, Harvard. Studies of student behavior and attitudes show that a major- ity of students violate standards of academic integrity to some de- gree, and that high achievers are just as likely to do it as others. Moreover, there is evidence that the problem has worsened over the last few decades. Experts say the reasons are relatively simple: Cheating has become easier and more widely tolerated, and both schools and parents have failed to give stu- dents strong, repetitive mes- sages about what is allowed and what is prohibited. “I don’t think there’s any ques- tion that students have become more competitive, under more pressure, and, as a result, tend to excuse more from themselves and other students, and that’s abetted by the adults around them,” said Donald L. McCabe, a professor at the Rutgers Univer- sity Business School, and a lead- ing researcher on cheating. “There have always been struggling students who cheat to survive,” he said. “But more and more, there are students at the top who cheat to thrive.” Internet access has made cheating easier, enabling stu- dents to connect instantly with answers, friends to consult and works to plagiarize. And genera- tions of research has shown that a major factor in unethical behav- ior is simply how easy or hard it is. A recent study by Jeffrey A. Roberts and David M. Wasieleski at Duquesne University found that the more online tools college students were allowed to use to complete an assignment, the more likely they were to copy the work of others. The Internet has changed atti- tudes, as a world of instant down- loading, searching, cutting and pasting has loosened some ideas of ownership and authorship. An increased emphasis on having students work in teams may also have played a role. “Students are surprisingly un- clear about what constitutes pla- giarism or cheating,” said Mr. Wasieleski, an associate profes- sor of management. Howard Gardner, a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, said that over the 20 years he has studied profes- sional and academic integrity, “the ethical muscles have atro- phied,” in part because of a cul- ture that exalts success, however it is attained. He said the attitude he has found among students at elite colleges is: “We want to be fa- mous and successful, we think our colleagues are cutting cor- ners, we’ll be damned if we’ll lose out to them, and some day, when we’ve made it, we’ll be role mod- els. But until then, give us a pass.” Numerous projects and re- search studies have shown that frequently reinforcing standards, to both students and teachers, can lessen cheating. But experts say most schools fail to do so. “Institutions do a poor job of making those boundaries clear and consistent, of educating stu- dents about them, of enforcing them, and of giving teachers a clear process to follow through on them,” said Laurie L. Hazard, director of the Academic Center for Excellence at Bryant Univer- sity. In the programs that col- leges run to help new students make the transition from high school, students are counseled on everything from food to friend- ships, but “little or no time is spent on cheating,” she said. A 2010 survey of Yale under- graduates by The Yale Daily News showed that most had nev- er read the school’s policy on aca- demic honesty, and most were unsure of the rules on sharing or recycling their work. In surveys of high school stu- dents, the Josephson Institute of Ethics, which advises schools on ethics education, has found that about three-fifths admit to having cheated in the previous year — and about four-fifths say their own ethics are above average. Few schools “place any mean- ingful emphasis on integrity, aca- demic or otherwise, and colleges are even more indifferent than high schools,” said Michael Jo- sephson, president of the insti- tute. “When you start giving take- home exams and telling kids not to talk about it, or you let them carry smartphones into tests, it’s an invitation to cheating,” he said. The case that Harvard re- vealed in late August involved a take-home final exam in an un- dergraduate course with 279 stu- dents. The university has not yet held hearings on the charges, which may take months to re- solve. Officials said similarities in test papers suggested that nearly half the class had broken the rules against plagiarism and working together; some of the accused students said their behavior was innocent, or fell into gray areas. Mr. McCabe’s surveys, con- ducted around the country, have found that most college students see collaborating with others, even when it is forbidden, as a minor offense or no offense at all. Nearly half take the same view of paraphrasing or copying some- one else’s work without attribu- tion. And most high school teach- ers and college professors sur- veyed fail to pursue some of the violations they find. Experts say that along with students, schools and technology, parents are also to blame. They cite surveys, anecdotal impres- sions and the work of research- ers like Jean M. Twenge, author of the book “Generation Me,” to make the case that since the 1960s, parenting has shifted away from emphasizing obedience, honor and respect for authority to promoting children’s happi- ness while stoking their ambi- tions for material success. “We have a culture now where we have real trouble accepting that our kids make mistakes and fail, and when they do, we tend to blame someone else,” said Tricia Bertram Gallant, author of “Cre- ating the Ethical Academy,” and director of the academic integrity office at the University of Califor- nia at San Diego. “Thirty, 40 years ago, the parent would come in and grab the kid by the ear, yell at him and drag him home.” Educators tell tales of students who grew up taking for granted not only that their highly in- volved parents would help with schoolwork but that the “help” would strain the definition of the word. Ms. Gallant recalled giving in- tegrity counseling to a student who would send research papers to her mother to review before turning them in — and saw noth- ing wrong in that. One paper, it turned out, her mother had ex- tensively rewritten — and exten- sively plagiarized. “I said, ‘So what’s the lesson here?’” Ms. Gallant said. “And she said, completely serious, ‘Check the work my mom does?’” Studies Find More Students Cheating, With High Achievers No Exception BRIAN SNYDER/REUTERS Commencement at Harvard. Officials said last month that they were investigating possi- ble cheating on an undergrad- uate take-home test. 12 SUSPENDED Stuyvesant High School in Man- hattan suspends 12 students in a cheating inquiry. Page A17. both church and civil laws, a bish- op and church officials failed to stop a priest from pursuing his obsession with taking porno- graphic photographs of young girls. Eventually it was Monsi- gnor Murphy, not Bishop Finn, who turned in Father Ratigan. The witnesses never told their stories in court. The verdict was decided by a judge in a bench trial that lasted less than an hour and a half. But the facts of the case are known and even agreed upon by both the prosecution and the defense — summed up in a nine-page stipulation of testimo- ny that contained details about the case that were not public until they were submitted to the judge on Thursday. Many details were also revealed in what is known as the Graves report, an independ- ent investigation commissioned by the diocese last year and con- ducted by a former United States attorney, Todd P. Graves. “I truly regret, “ Bishop Finn said in court on Thursday, “and am sorry for the hurt that these events have caused.” The bishop had advance warn- ing about Father Ratigan, well before pornography was discov- ered on the priest’s laptop. Julie Hess, the principal of the parochi- al school, next door to St. Patrick Parish where Father Ratigan served, had sent a memorandum in May of 2010 to the diocese, which said: “Parents, staff members, and parishioners are discussing his actions and whether or not he may be a child molester. They have researched pedophilia on the Internet and brought in sam- ple articles with examples of how Father Shawn’s actions fit the profile of a child predator.” Children in the diocese’s schools are taught about appro- priate boundaries between adults and children in an abuse-preven- tion education program called Circle of Grace. Ms. Hess said that while she was inclined to be- lieve that Father Ratigan’s be- havior amounted to nothing more than “boundary violations,” other adults were alarmed about spe- cific events: Father Ratigan had put a girl on his lap on a bus trip, attempted to “friend” an eighth grader on Facebook, and had an inappropriate “peer to peer” re- lationship with a fifth-grade girl. On a children’s group excursion to Father Ratigan’s house, par- ents spotted hand towels shaped to look like dolls’ clothes, and a pair of girls’ panties in a planter in his yard. The bishop told Father Ratigan in June 2010 that “we have to take this seriously.” But the testimony showed that the bishop, too, per- ceived the concerns simply as “boundary issues.” Nine days before Christmas, Father Ratigan brought his slug- gish laptop to Ken Kes, a comput- er technician on contract with St. Patrick Parish, for repairs. Mr. Kes was startled to find photo- graphs of young girls’ torsos and crotches. When he saw the one of the naked toddler, he brought the laptop to the parish’s deacon. Mr. Kes is described in the testimony as “being so upset that his hands were shaking to the point he couldn’t open the laptop.” The deacon immediately brought the laptop to Monsignor Murphy at the chancery offices. He gave it to Julie Creech, a tech- nology staff member at the dio- cese. Ms. Creech found “hun- dreds of photographs,” according to the testimony, many taken on playgrounds, under tables or in one case, while a girl was sleep- ing. Many pictures did not show faces — only close-ups of crotch- es. Ms. Creech wrote a report for her superiors noting that only four or five of the hundreds of pictures appeared to have been downloaded from the Internet: “the rest appeared to have been taken with a personal camera.” Nevertheless, even before get- ting the laptop, Monsignor Mur- phy had already consulted with a Kansas City Police Department captain who served on the dio- cese’s Independent Review Board. The Graves report said that the captain, Rick Smith, re- called being told by Monsignor Murphy that the diocese had found only one nude photograph, that it was of a member of Father Ratigan’s family, and that it was not a sexual pose. Monsignor Murphy said he did not remem- ber telling the captain those things. Their recollections also differed on what the captain had said about whether the photo- graph constituted pornography. The next day, Dec. 17, 2010, Fa- ther Ratigan attempted suicide. He left messages apologizing to his family for “the harm caused to the children or you.” When he survived, he was sent first to a hospital, and then to Dr. Rick Fitzgibbons, a psychiatrist in Pennsylvania selected by Bishop Finn. The bishop testified that he was told by the psychiatrist that Father Ratigan was not a risk to children, and had been falsely ac- cused by the school principal. During this period, two women on staff in diocesan headquarters were urging their superiors to turn Father Ratigan in. Rebecca Summers, then the director of communications, told Monsignor Murphy to call the police, ac- cording to the testimony. And Ju- lie Creech, the technology em- ployee, said in a deposition in a related civil suit that she went to see Bishop Finn in his office to make sure he understood what she had seen on the laptop. “I really got the feeling that maybe he didn’t understand,” Ms. Creech said in the deposition. “I don’t think he saw what I saw.” The bishop assigned Father Ratigan to serve as a chaplain to the Franciscan Sisters of the Holy Eucharist, in Independence, Mo. He placed seven restrictions on the priest, including not using computers and avoiding all con- tact with children. But the bishop allowed him, on a “trial” basis, to celebrate Mass for youth groups at the prayer center that the sis- ters ran. Over the next five months, Fa- ther Ratigan, who is now 46 at- tended a sixth-grader’s birthday party, co-celebrated a child’s con- firmation, communicated with children on his Facebook page, hosted an Easter egg hunt and at- tended a parade, the testimony recounts. Invited to dinner at the home of parishioners, he was caught taking photographs, un- der the table, up their daughter’s skirt, according to a federal in- dictment of Father Ratigan. Neither the bishop nor any church official told church mem- bers or Father Ratigan’s large ex- tended family — which includes many children — that the priest had been ordered to stay away from children, Darron Blanken- ship, a brother-in-law of Father Ratigan and a police officer who has handled child abuse cases, said in an interview on Friday. “For somebody that was under restrictions, he had free rein,” Of- ficer Blankenship said. “He just went and did what he wanted.” Some family members had heard that Father Ratigan’s lap- top had contained pornography, Officer Blankenship said, but they assumed it was adult por- nography taken off the Internet — upsetting but not surprising, they thought, for a man who had become a priest and had to adjust to celibacy later in life. Bishop Finn and Monsignor Murphy learned about some of Father Ratigan’s violations of his restrictions. “I will have to tell him,” Bishop Finn wrote in an e-mail to the psychiatrist, “that he must not attend these chil- dren’s gatherings, even if there are parents present. I had been very clear about this with him al- ready.” The testimony filed in court on Thursday says that because the bishop trusted Father Ratigan to respect the restrictions, he was never monitored and the commu- nity was never informed. On May 11, 2011, while Bishop Finn was out of town, Monsignor Murphy again contacted Captain Smith at the Police Department and told him that the diocese had indeed found not one, but hun- dreds of photographs of little girls. A week later, Father Rati- gan was arrested for possession of child pornography. He was convicted in August and is await- ing sentencing. Bishop Finn and the diocese were indicted by a grand jury in October 2011. Monsignor Murphy was given immunity for cooper- ating with the prosecution. He testified that he turned Father Ratigan in because he had grown concerned that he was truly a pedophile. The monsignor said that when the bishop learned he had turned in Father Ratigan, “It seemed he was angry.” After Father Ratigan was ar- rested, Bishop Finn met with his priests. Asked why Father Rati- gan was not removed earlier, the bishop replied, according to the testimony, that he had wanted “to save Father Ratigan’s priest- hood” and that he had under- stood that Father Ratigan’s prob- lem was “only pornography.” Church Ignored the Law and Failed to Stop a Pedophile POOL PHOTO BY TAMMY LJUNGBLAD Bishop Robert W. Finn, convicted on Thursday, expressed re- gret in court “for the hurt that these events have caused.” STEVE HEBERT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Sandy McGuire, an advocate for victims, demonstrated outside the Jackson County Courthouse as the bishop was tried. From Page A1 N A15 NATIONAL THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 In the coming days, the calen- dar will bring the anniversaries of two signal events. One, of course, is Sept. 11, a Tuesday this year, as it was in 2001, when Al Qaeda terrorists in four hijacked planes killed more than 3,000 Americans. With public memori- al services and pri- vate tears, those deaths will be recalled and mourned. The other anniversary is of the visit President George W. Bush made to a Washington mosque just six days after the attack, where he spoke eloquently against the harassment of Arabs and Muslims living in the United States and about the need to re- spect Islam. This act of leadership and statesmanship, however, has all but vanished from the national collective memory. It deserves, instead, to be noted and heeded and esteemed. In its immediate moment, Mr. Bush’s appearance at the Islamic Center of Washington may have helped to quell vigilante assaults on American Muslims and on those, like Sikhs, who were mis- taken for them. At the policy lev- el, the president’s words also served notice that unlike Frank- lin D. Roosevelt after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he would not in- tern or in any way collectively punish innocent American citi- zens who happened to share a re- ligion or ethnicity with foreign foes. After hailing American Mus- lims as “friends” and “taxpaying citizens” in his comments at the mosque, Mr. Bush went on to say: “These acts of violence against innocents violate the fun- damental tenets of the Islamic faith. And it’s important for my fellow Americans to understand that.” He quoted from the Koran: “In the long run, evil in the ex- treme will be the end of those who do evil.” Then he continued in his own words: “The face of terror is not the true faith of Is- lam. That’s not what Islam is all about. Islam is peace. These ter- rorists don’t represent peace. They represent evil and war.” Eleven years after the fact, Mr. Bush has been treated like a prophet without honor in his own land. He was barely mentioned at the Republican convention last week, and former presidential candidates like Newt Gingrich, Herman Cain and Michele Bach- mann have regularly inveighed against Muslims. The only allu- sions to Mr. Bush at the Demo- cratic convention in Charlotte, N.C., this week were for the war in Iraq and the economic collapse that struck in his final months in office. Yet there was always another side to Mr. Bush, present in his self-definition as a “compassion- ate conservative,” in his deep faith and respect for all religions. He was probably the most color- blind Republican president since Lincoln, appointing Hispanic and black Americans to meaningful cabinet positions — national se- curity adviser, secretary of state, secretary of education, attorney general. During Mr. Bush’s campaign for the Republican nomination in 2000, he spoke at a mosque, mak- ing him the first candidate in ei- ther party to do so. During a de- bate against his Democratic op- ponent, Al Gore, he denounced the profiling of Arab-American and Muslim-American airline passengers. Mr. Bush’s appoint- ment schedule on Sept. 11, 2001, until tragedy intervened, includ- ed a 3 p.m. meeting with a delega- tion of American Muslim leaders. “His entire concept of human liberty cannot be understood apart from his elemental view of the spiritual nature of all men and women,” said Tim Goeglein, a White House staff member in- volved in planning the mosque visit and author of “The Man in the Middle,” about the role of reli- gion in the Bush administration. “This is one of the very important narratives of the Bush presiden- cy.” As Mr. Bush recounted in his own book “Decision Points,” in the days after Sept. 11, he was dis- turbed by reports of bias crimes against American Muslims. And he had heard firsthand accounts of the Japanese-American intern- ment from one of its victims — Norman Y. Mineta, a Democrat who served as Mr. Bush’s trans- portation secretary. Out of that combination of his- torical perspective and visceral decency, Mr. Bush sent instruc- tions to the White House’s Office of Public Liaison to arrange for him to visit a mosque. For the men and women in that office, the stakes were instantly clear. “In the aftermath of 9/11, when every move the president made was being watched extremely closely, it was important to dem- onstrate that American Muslims were not the same people who at- tacked the U.S.,” said Matt Smith, the liaison office’s associate di- rector at the time. “When you show that these people are Amer- icans, it goes a long way.” One of several Muslim mem- bers of the White House staff was Suhail Khan, who worked in the liaison office and took a leading role in deciding which mosque the president should visit. The Is- lamic Center of Washington struck him as nearly ideal. Presi- dent Dwight D. Eisenhower had laid its cornerstone in 1957, and its congregation included diplomats, business executives and other professionals. Unlike several oth- er Washington mosques, it had been built for Muslim worship, not converted from a previous use. So television and still cam- eras would be able to capture the image of an American president in a visibly, indelibly Islamic set- ting. Within about 24 hours, the mosque was checked by the Se- cret Service for security, a brief- ing memo was prepared for the president and an advance team was dispatched to the Islamic center. Then, on the afternoon of Monday, Sept. 17, Mr. Bush and all the attendant news media went to the mosque. Mr. Bush removed his shoes, in accordance with Islamic practice, before entering the mosque’s prayer room. He met for about 45 minutes with leaders of several American Muslim organizations, including Nihad Awad, executive director of the Council on Ameri- can-Islamic Relations. Afterward, standing before a tile wall of char- acteristically Islamic patterns and near a woman wearing a hijab, Mr. Bush, speaking in a grave and subdued tone, issued his appeal for tolerance and unity. “I think in those days, so many people here and around the world watched that clip,” Mr. Awad said recently. “And it should be played over and over to remind people that what made America great is respect for religious freedom and zero tolerance for hate crimes against innocent people.” MIKE THEILER/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE Samira Hussein of the Islamic Center of Washington was wel- comed to the White House on Dec. 11, 2001, returning a visit from President George W. Bush on Sept. 17. Six Days After 9/11, Another Date Worth Honoring A presidential gesture of faith at a Washington mosque. SAMUEL G. FREEDMAN ON RELIGION E-mail: sgf1@columbia.edu By ANA FACIO-KRAJCER LOS ANGELES — Sebastian Flores walked out of Al Salam Pollería with a free bag of white- feathered chicken heads. Mr. Flores, 26, an immigrant and a regular customer of Al Salam, a Muslim, family-owned halal poultry shop, was driving home when he developed a crav- ing for the treat. He was planning on sprinkling the chicken heads with poultry seasoning and roast- ing them in the oven, the way they did back home in Puebla, Mexico. Customers like Mr. Flores are the lifeblood of Al Salam Pollería, a thriving shop that opened 28 years ago “by accident,” accord- ing to its founders. Abdul Elhaw- ary and his brother-in-law, Saf- wat Elrabat, who died 12 years ago, opened the shop in East Los Angeles because the zoning there allowed the sale and on-site slaughter of live poultry, in ac- cordance with their religion’s di- etary requirements. There were few halal butchers in Los Angeles in the 1980s, Mr. Elhawary, 60, said, so the family expected large numbers of Mus- lims from across the city to make the trek to buy halal poultry. That never happened. Much to their surprise, though, Latino im- migrant customers did show up, and in large numbers. “It was a very happy coinci- dence and very happy surprise,” said Mr. Elrabat’s daughter, Iman Elrabat-Gabr, 37, “that Lati- nos were really interested in fresh chicken.” Animals must be killed accord- ing to Islamic law for their meat to be halal, a practice followed at the store only when a customer requests halal meat. “Around 1989, when we found out that 90 percent of the custom- ers are Latino and we only had 10 percent that are non-Latino, we changed the name in the busi- ness cards to Al Salam Pollería,” Mr. Elhawary said. Originally, it had been Al Salam Farms; “sa- laam” means peace in Arabic and “pollería” is poultry shop in Spanish. Ms. Elrabat-Gabr recalls that in the beginning, chicken feet would end up in the trash. Mus- lims did not eat them. But her family soon learned that in Lati- no culture, the feet were used for chicken soup and were consid- ered a treat for children. The chicken heads, on the other hand, are an uncommon request and are given away free to custom- ers, she said. “In Southern California, we be- lieve we were the first Muslim- owned poultry store that figured out that Latinos are just as much interested in live chickens — fresh chickens — as we are,” said Ms. Elrabat-Gabr, who helps out at the East Los Angeles store. Her family, she said, takes pride in having discovered a niche market in Latino communities. The East Los Angeles shop has been so successful over the last 20 years that members of the Elrabat and Elhawary families have opened three other butcher shops in Latino enclaves. Mr. Elhawary runs a shop of his own (L.A. Fresh Poultry Pollería) west of downtown Los Angeles. Ahmed Elrabat, 35, his nephew, owns a storefront (Pollería el Matador) in Southeast Los Ange- les, where a large Mexican flag hangs from a pole outside. Except for a few Koran verses on a wall and a small porcelain figure of the Kaaba shrine in Mecca atop a refrigerator, Al Salam Pollería, identified easily by the rooster on its roof, resem- bles a business that caters to the Latino palate. The products for sale include dry pepitas and chil- ies for mole poblano; various herbs like epazote, essential to some Mexican dishes; and Mex- ican candy like mazapan. “We were taught what we needed to sell by the customers,” said Mr. Elrabat. Ms. Elrabat-Gabr said her fa- ther had often spent entire days speaking only Spanish at the poultry shop and “before he died he was more fluent in Spanish than English.” Mr. Elhawary, who was a high school French teacher in Egypt before emigrating to the United States in 1980, said learning Spanish had not been difficult for him. “French helped me digest the Spanish language. Spanish is a very beautiful language. It’s mu- sical,” said Mr. Elhawary. “Once you know the language, it breaks the barrier between you and the person.” Hussam Ayloush, executive di- rector of the Los Angeles chapter of the Council on American-Is- lamic Relations, said Latinos and Muslims had many things in common. “And sometimes even the food tastes similar because of the many years of interaction be- tween the Muslim Arabs from Af- rica and Spaniards,” said Mr. Ayloush, whose Mexican-Ameri- can wife converted to Islam. “You’re talking about 700 years of Muslims living in Spain. And those same Spaniards are the ones that came to Latin and South America and brought with them much of that Arab culture.” Adrian Pantoja, a professor of politics and Chicano studies at Pitzer College in Claremont, Calif., said the family showcased the ways some of the city’s ethnic entrepreneurs had learned to adapt. “For me, it’s one example of perhaps hundreds of thousands of little shops like these in Latino neighborhoods,” Mr. Pantoja said. Mr. Flores, the customer with his bag of chicken heads, said he was a regular patron, and not just because of the quality of the food. “Here they treat you well and they speak Spanish,” Mr. Flores said. “It’s good that they are will- ing to learn from another cul- ture.” From left, chicken feet at Al Salam Pollería, a Muslim,family-owned business that caters to Latino customers; Abdul Elhawary, the owner; and a private joke between the family and their shoppers. Islamic Poultry for Latino Tables (Yes, They Have Chilies,Too) PHOTOGRAPHS BY MONICA ALMEIDA/THE NEW YORK TIMES “We were taught what we needed to sell by the customers,” said Ahmed Elrabat, whose father helped found the shop in the 1980s. cheese? What if you want dog food? Those are pretty basic needs that every community has.” “Ninety-nine percent of the community supports this mar- ket,” Mr. Yu added. “The opposi- tion is coming from outside Chi- natown.” Labor unions have for years criticized Walmart for hiring non- union workers and paying low wages. And some of the unions and workers’ rights advocates that have helped lead the charge to keep Walmart out of China- town also fought to limit Wal- mart’s influence in other parts of the region. This year, three of the top can- didates in the 2013 Los Angeles mayoral race all vowed not to ac- cept any campaign donations from Walmart, after unions sent a letter urging them to return contributions from the retail gi- ant. In addition, the Los Angeles Al- liance for a New Economy, which helped organize the protest in Chinatown, also helped push through an ordinance that makes it more difficult to open large su- perstores here. “We’ve been organizing to try to make sure that neighborhood small businesses are protected,” said Allison Mannos, a spokes- woman for the alliance. “And also to make sure that there are not poverty-level jobs coming in.” The Walmart Neighborhood Market planned for Chinatown would offer mainly grocery items and a pharmacy. Steven V. Resti- vo, a spokesman for Walmart, said the company had received largely positive feedback from the community. “The day our store opens, thousands and thousands of local residents are going to shop at that Walmart Neighborhood Market,” Mr. Restivo said. “Those are people who probably never attended a council meeting or wrote a letter to the editor. They just want to have more op- tions close to where they live and work.” He added, “In terms of the cul- tural impact, there is literally a Burger King across the street from our location, and a Subway next door.” Local residents remained evenly divided, according to a spokeswoman for City Council- man Ed P. Reyes, who represents the area. And even some of the lo- cal business owners are not yet sure how Walmart might affect them. Richard Lam owns an import business, selling clothes and oth- er accessories. He showed off a Walmart app on his smartphone. But he was nervous about the ar- rival of the store. “I shop online with Walmart all the time,” he said. “I buy phone. I buy camera. It’s cheap.” But he added, “If they don’t open, I’m happier.” A Walmart for Chinatown Stirs a Fight in Los Angeles From Page A12 ‘They’re going to take over everything,’ one immigrant worries. No day is complete without The New York Times. AVE MARIA CHAPEL Catholic Traditionalist Center 210 MAPLE AVE (off Post Ave) WESTBURY,L.I.,N.Y.11590 TEL:(516) 333-6470 TRADITIONAL LATIN MASS ASWASOFFEREDBYTHE LATE FATHERGOMMARA.DE PAUW SUNDAYMASS @9 a.m. FIRST SATURDAYS&HOLYDAYS: @9:30 a.m. DAILY:RADIOMASS VIDEOINTERNET MASS www.latinmass-ctm.org A16 Ø N SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By N.R. KLEINFIELD In the early hush of Friday morning, the man- ager and his young employee had finished an- other long shift, shuttered their Bronx bodega and headed home. But the young assistant had forgotten to grab a bar of soap that he needed. They went back, and when they unlocked the door, the thing so feared by those who work in neighborhoods contaminated by crime fol- lowed them in. Three robbers, one of them concealed in a ski mask and wielding a gun, forced their way into the store. Ordering the two men to lie motionless on the floor, they began scooping the bodega’s cash, ciga- rettes and lottery tickets into a backpack. Before the criminals could finish, an arriving customer saw what was happening through the window and called the police. In one of those chilling split-second dramas that become tragedy, the manager got out un- harmed but his assistant was killed by a police bullet. The authorities said it was the result of an accidental discharge when the young man col- lided with a police officer in his frightened haste to escape the criminals. The dead man was identified as Reynaldo Cuevas, 20, a nephew of the store’s owner. He had worked in the bodega for six months and was helping to support a 3-year-old daughter in the Dominican Republic. Two years ago, his own father was shot to death in the Dominican Re- public trying to ward off muggers wanting to steal his jewelry. Mr. Cuevas’s killing was the third high-profile fatal police shooting in four weeks, although the circumstances on Friday were quite different from the previous two deaths, of a knife-carry- ing man near Times Square and of a man who killed a former co-worker outside the Empire State Building. The episode Friday began shortly before 2 a.m. at the Aneurys Deli on Franklin Avenue at East 169th Street in Morrisania. Felix Mora, 43, the store’s manager for nine years, and Mr. Cue- vas had barely opened the door to fetch the soap when the three men descended on them, one of them holding a gun. “He pointed the gun at us and was saying, ‘Get on the ground!’” Mr. Mora said. “We got on the ground.” The gunman hit Mr. Mora in the head with the butt of the gun. Mistaking the relationship be- tween the workers, he shouted at Mr. Mora, “If you move, we’re going to kill your son.” The gunman began rooting through Mr. Mora’s pockets, while the two other men went behind the counter to fill the backpack with lot- tery tickets and the money Mr. Mora kept in a ci- gar box. Within minutes of the customer’s 911 call, the authorities said, two officers from the local pre- cinct house and two housing officers converged on the scene. One of the housing officers peeked through the bodega’s window to assess the situation. The gunman saw him, Mr. Mora said, and leapt behind the counter with his accomplices and shouted, “Policía, policía, policía!” Two of the robbers retreated to the rear of the store. Mr. Mora said that sensing an opportunity, he ran out the front door with his hands up and con- firmed that a robbery was in progress. A mo- ment later, he said, Mr. Cuevas sprinted past him on the sidewalk. “He came out scared,” Mr. Mora said. “Run- ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES The police investigating the bodega in Morrisania, the Bronx, where Reynaldo Cuevas, 20, was killed. Video from the shooting is at nytimes.com/nyregion. Just After Closing Time, a Fatal Split Second Police Bullet Kills a Bodega Worker Fleeing Armed Robbers in the Bronx KIRSTEN LUCE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Armando Sanchez and Maria Escolastico, center, comfort each other. Both were friends of Mr. Cuevas, who was helping to support a 3-year-old daughter in the Dominican Republic. Reynaldo Cuevas Continued on Page A19 Twice a day, Patria de los Santos, a squat woman in her 50s, bends and gently rubs a little water on this new and tender and unwelcome addition to her otherwise unmarked body. She fol- lows with a bit of antibiotic ointment. Then she replaces the bandage above her left knee. Her bullet wound. “I can walk, but with diffi- culty,” she said. “I have to rest frequently. When I sit, I have to change the position and chair.” Ms. Santos was on her way to work at Joseph Paris, a wig manufacturer for chemotherapy patients, on that fateful day last month, but nobody has heard of the Joseph Paris shooting. The world knows it as the Empire State Building shooting, in which a disgruntled former employee of an apparel importer fatally shot a former co-worker outside the landmark skyscraper on Aug. 24. Police officers shot and killed the gunman, but in the process, their stray bullets, frag- ments of bullets and flying chunks of de- bris struck nine bystanders. One of them was Ms. Santos. She be- came an unwilling member of a small club of passers-by shot by the police. Its numbers have grown little in recent years — one here, two there — but with a stubborn consistency. They are of a separate breed than the sort of acciden- tal-discharge shooting that seemed to have taken place Friday morning in the Bronx, when an officer fatally shot an employee of a bodega fleeing a robbery in the store. Last month’s nine wounded bystand- ers remain largely unknown. Most have referred reporters to newly hired law- yers and have returned to anonymous lives and their changed bodies, their new slings and ointments and doctor’s appointments, and questions from friends and family. In the Bronx, a tour-bus employee nurses a flesh wound on his arm, while not too far away, a young woman hob- bles with a bullet lodged behind her kneecap. Another tour-bus worker re- mains in Bellevue Hospital Center with a thigh wound. In North Carolina, a massage therapist is recovering from surgery to mend her shattered femur. Luckier than some, but not all, Ms. Santos, an immigrant from the Domini- can Republic and the mother of a grown daughter, landed somewhere in the middle. That day had begun with a change of plans. She normally took a subway from her home in Morningside Heights to Seventh Avenue and West 34th Street, then a crosstown bus to Madison Ave- nue and Joseph Paris, her employer of 17 years. But the bus was too crowded that Friday morning. “So I took off,” she said, deciding to walk. “I didn’t want to wait and be late.” She was crossing Fifth Avenue when she heard what sounded like fireworks and felt a burning behind her left knee. She ran to a Duane Reade drugstore. “I felt the blood running down my leg,” she said. She saw a man outside lying in the street, and wanted to help, but felt unable. A store manager helped her into an ambulance. Doctors removed a chunk of a bullet from her leg and showed it to her before sending her home that afternoon. She felt feverish for days, with a mysterious pain in her left arm that seemed linked to the wound solely by her system of nerves. “My whole body is reacting,” she said a week after the shooting. The bulkier bandage has been re- placed by a Band-Aid, the wound itself a red, perfectly circular patch of rough scab. “It’s closing very well,” she said. Her niece recently celebrated her 14th birthday in Ms. Santos’s apartment in- stead of her own, so that the aunt would not have to travel. The girl has asked to see the wound. “How is it that some- thing like that could happen?” she asked her aunt. Ms. Santos never had much use for the Empire State Building — “It’s not my favorite place to go,” and she’s nev- er gone higher than the first floor — but the neighborhood is not without its charms. She has long enjoyed visiting the Lord & Taylor store nearby, where she went window shopping. “I felt very safe in that area,” she said. “I never thought something could happen there.” Her eyes fill with tears when she speaks of that day, and for that, she hopes to see a therapist. “I want to move forward, get back to work,” some- thing she is afraid to do now, she said. Her employer told her to take her time. Sitting on her sofa in her sensible shoes and skirt, beside a statue of the Blessed Mother, Ms. Santos is told the bullet wound makes her look tough. She does not smile. “In this situation, you have to be,” she said. “If you’re not, you’ll fall into depression and not get better.” The Bullet Didn’t Leave The Only Scar A bystander shot outside the Empire State Building tends to her changed life. E-mail: crimescene@nytimes.com Twitter: @mwilsonnyt MICHAEL WILSON CRIME SCENE Daniel Krieger contributed reporting. By DANNY HAKIM and WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM A judge authorized a special prosecu- tor on Friday to expand his criminal in- vestigation into sexual harassment claims that two female staff members brought against Assemblyman Vito J. Lopez, giving the prosecutor the power to examine whether crimes were com- mitted when public and private money was paid to settle similar complaints brought by two other female staff mem- bers. The two-page order issued by the judge, Fern A. Fisher, the deputy chief administrative judge for the New York City courts, broadened the authority that she had conferred on the special prosecutor, the Staten Island district at- torney, Daniel M. Donovan Jr., in an ini- tial order she issued on Aug. 31. The move — which will most likely fo- cus attention on the role of the Assem- bly speaker, Sheldon Silver, in approv- ing the settlement — came as the Lopez scandal continued to make waves in po- litical circles and engulfed the state’s new ethics commission in controversy of its own. The commission itself also hastily called a special meeting for Monday morning, though it did not reveal its purpose. Adding to the chaos, the most outspoken member of the commission, Ravi Batra, said in a statement that he had complained to federal law enforce- ment officials about political interfer- ence in the commission’s operations, though it was not clear how federal laws might come into play. He resigned a few hours after issuing the statement. Also on Friday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuo- mo threatened to impanel a special commission to investigate the scandal, using powers conferred on governors by the state’s century-old Moreland Act. His announcement came a day after The New York Times reported that the ethics commission had, at least initially, limited its own formal investigation to Mr. Lopez, and did not include the is- sues now being reviewed by the special prosecutor. Speaking in a radio interview with his predecessor, David A. Paterson, Mr. Cuomo said the state was taking a hard- er line on ethical lapses, despite the lim- ited approach to the Lopez scandal. “Bad things will happen, but we have zero tolerance for allowing it to contin- ue,” said Mr. Cuomo, who like Mr. Lopez and Mr. Silver is a Democrat. “It’s not a good thing, and the publicity about it is not good, and it’s not good on a personal level. Sometimes you think about the example we’re setting for our kids.” Mr. Cuomo, addressing Mr. Paterson, added, “It is life, Governor, and it is re- ality, and it is going to happen.” The misconduct claims surfaced on Aug. 24, when Mr. Silver said he was censuring Mr. Lopez, 71, after the bipar- tisan Assembly Ethics Committee said it had found credible evidence that Mr. Lopez had groped, kissed and verbally harassed two female employees. Re- ports soon emerged that Mr. Silver had approved the secret settlement of simi- lar claims against Mr. Lopez brought by two other women. Judge Fisher said in her order that she was acting in response to a request filed by Mr. Donovan on Thursday. She wrote that, in addition to in- vestigating possible crimes related to the two claims that had led to the cen- sure, Mr. Donovan was “also authorized to investigate allegations that funds, both public and private, were disbursed in and around June 2012” to settle the earlier complaints, “in possible viola- tion of the Penal Law, the Election Law, the Public Officers Law and other stat- utes, and to prosecute any charges aris- ing out of that conduct.” A spokesman for Mr. Donovan, Peter N. Spencer, declined to comment on the new order. Mr. Lopez’s lawyer, Gerald B. Lef- court, who has repeatedly denied the sexual harassment claims that have been leveled against his client, said he was confident that when Mr. Donovan “looks at all the facts concerning As- semblyman Lopez, he will find that no prosecution is warranted.” A spokesman for Mr. Silver said, “The speaker has made it very clear that he desires a thorough investigation to get all the facts out regarding this matter.” The State Senate majority leader, Dean G. Skelos, the state’s top Repub- lican, also weighed in on Friday, calling for “a thorough investigation of the As- sembly’s handling” of the Lopez case and urging all of the state’s ethics com- missioners to vote in support of such an investigation. Judge Fisher had appointed Mr. Don- ovan in response to a request by the Brooklyn district attorney, Charles J. Hynes, that a special prosecutor be named to investigate Mr. Lopez, who is also the Brooklyn Democratic Party leader. Mr. Hynes recused himself from the case after citing his own political ties to Mr. Lopez, who has supported his re-election campaigns. Judge Widens Scope of Prosecutor’s Investigation in Lopez Case Authorizing a look at whether crimes were committed while settling harassment complaints. Ø N A17 NEW YORK THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Sept. 7, 2012 Midday New York Numbers — 979; Lucky Sum— 25 Midday New York Win 4 — 6323; Lucky Sum— 14 New York Numbers — 776; Lucky Sum— 20 New York Win 4 —9592; Lucky Sum — 25 New York Take 5 — 7, 8, 10, 14, 39 New York Pick 10 — 6, 12, 18, 19, 20, 24, 28, 32, 38, 48, 50, 51, 54, 56, 64, 68, 69, 75, 78, 79 Midday New Jersey Pick 3 — 857 Midday New Jersey Pick 4 — 5939 New Jersey Pick 3 — 624 New Jersey Pick 4 —1103 New Jersey Cash 5 — 3, 20, 31, 34, 36 Mega Millions — 15, 32, 38, 42, 46; mega ball, 31 Connecticut Midday 3 — 332 Connecticut Midday 4 — 6637 Connecticut Daily — 541 Connecticut Play 4 — 2153 Connecticut Cash 5 — 14, 16, 22, 28, 32 Connecticut Classic Lotto — 3, 25, 33, 38, 39, 43 Sept. 6, 2012 New York Take 5 — 2, 21, 23, 37, 38 New York Sweet Million — 7, 17, 19, 24, 29, 39 Connecticut Daily — 216 Connecticut Play 4 — 7941 Connecticut Cash 5 — 4, 9, 13, 22, 30 New England Lucky For Life — 4, 18, 31, 39, 40; Lucky Ball — 6 Lottery Numbers By AL BAKER A dozen Stuyvesant High School students have been sus- pended and more than 50 others are facing suspension because of new evidence that has emerged in a continuing investigation of cheating during final exams in June, school officials said Friday. Previously, the bulk of the stu- dents in the episode, which in- volved cellphones and embar- rassed one of the country’s most prestigious public schools, faced only the loss of some class privi- leges, including the right to leave school for lunch or join the Stu- dent Union, an important college résumé-building activity. But now, in addition to the 12 already suspended, 54 others who officials said were involved are facing possible suspension for up to five days. The 12 re- ceived suspensions of up to 10 days, the most severe form of the punishment, and will begin serv- ing their punishments next week after hearings, Connie Pankratz, a spokeswoman for the New York City Education Department, said. Lengths of the possible suspen- sion for the other 54 will be set af- ter the principal can schedule conferences with parents and the students, who were involved in cheating during end-of-the-year state Regents exams and a city- wide language exam. Ms. Pankratz said that for the students who received the lower form of suspension, known as a principal’s suspension, the pun- ishment would not “go into their permanent record.” For students who receive the highest form of suspension, called a superintend- ent’s suspension, a superintend- ent would determine “how long it will stay on their record before it’s expunged.” Suspensions do not automat- ically result in involuntary trans- fers to other schools, said Ms. Pankratz, who added that she could not comment on whether any of the Stuyvesant students would be transferred. Any punishment presents in- creased pressure for affected stu- dents, all of them currently sen- iors in the midst of applying to colleges. There are 855 seniors at the school this year. In a separate letter addressed to the high school community and dated Friday, the school’s new interim principal, Jie Zhang, made plain just how insidious ac- ademic dishonesty could be. “Such acts undermine the rep- utation of this school and hurt our students individually and collec- tively,” Ms. Zhang wrote. Also, Ms. Zhang wrote of the possibility of creating a school honor code, to be “a public sign of our commitment to uphold aca- demic integrity.” She outlined plans for all students and their parents to sign an “academic honesty policy” that would ac- knowledge the penalties for in- fractions like plagiarism, resub- mitting prior work and sharing answers to exam questions. So far this school year, she has taken a harder line on the use of cellphones in the school, an Edu- cation Department official said. On Thursday and Friday, the first days of the school year, 17 cell- phones were confiscated from students, the official said, and held until parents could come to retrieve them. While cellphones are not per- mitted in city schools, several students have said that enforce- ment had been lax at Stuyvesant. The school uncovered the cheating on June 18 after a cell- phone confiscated from a 16-year- old junior led to messages that suggested students had been sharing information. In August, the principal of 13 years, Stanley Teitel, announced his retirement from the Lower Manhattan school. Investigators with the Education Department are continuing their inquiry into whether Mr. Teitel and other school administrators followed protocol in reporting the initial episode to the city and the state, Ms. Pankratz, the department spokeswoman, said. “As we said at the start of this investigation, we have zero toler- ance for cheating or academic dishonesty of any kind, and the students involved in this incident will now face disciplinary action,” Schools Chancellor Dennis M. Walcott said in a statement. “I want to thank Principal Zhang for her assistance and for the steps she has already taken to restore academic integrity.” Students Are Suspended In Stuyvesant Cheating By SHARON OTTERMAN A cluster of young Muslims in matching yellow T-shirts and broad smiles handed out free school sup- plies to a line of needy families in front of a gated construction site in the waning days of summer. Across the quiet residential street, two men glared at them, holding up pro- test signs. The narrow avenue divided the two views of a three-story mosque and Islamic community center that is slowly being built on Voorheis Avenue in Sheeps- head Bay, Brooklyn, capturing the lingering tensions over a project that has split this multi- ethnic, but mostly Russian-Jew- ish, residential neighborhood that hugs the Atlantic shoreline. The mosque’s backers say 150 to 200 Muslim families who live within walking distance are in need of a local place to pray. The mosque, they want to reassure neighbors, will be an asset, pro- viding afterschool activities to children, a Boy Scout troop open to all and charity events, like the school supply giveaway. “Wherever we go, there’s al- ways going to be that negative first reaction, because a lot of people aren’t educated about Is- lam,” said Jose Luis Solis, 27, of Bensonhurst, who helped at the charity event. “We just got to stand our ground and be posi- tive.” But a determined group of op- ponents see in the half-built con- crete and brick frame a provoca- tion. To them, it is a blight, a source of future traffic conges- tion and worse: a beachhead for Muslim expansion in Brooklyn and a beacon for anti-Semitism. “Yes, they are smiling, but you know what’s behind their smiles?” said Leonid Krupnik, 62, one of the two protesters late last month. Like many of the mosque’s opponents, he has strong memories of anti-Semi- tism as a Jew from the former So- viet Union. “Hatred. They want to create a caliphate. They want to push people out of this neigh- borhood.” It was a variation on a scene that has been repeated across the country when Muslims want to build a mosque, most memorably in the fight over a proposed Mus- lim community center near ground zero. Though federal law makes blocking construction of a house of worship very difficult, in the decade after the Sept. 11 at- tacks, the federal Justice Depart- ment opened more than 28 inves- tigations of efforts to interfere with the construction of mosques and Islamic centers, according to department statistics. In Sheepshead Bay, a group of opponents to the mosque who call themselves the Bay People have grown increasingly frustrat- ed as each of their legal efforts failed. Now, they admit they have little legal recourse left. Mr. Krupnik and other oppo- nents say they are being unfairly typecast as xenophobes and rac- ists. They do nevertheless worry that the neighborhood will change so much that non-Mus- lims will want to leave and they fear that the mosque will be used to promote radical thinking. “If the area, suddenly, is like a suburb of some Muslim country, it’s not very pleasant,” said Alex- andr Tenenbaum, who lives sev- eral blocks away. “I am always scared because you see these kind of people, but we can’t say it.” The Muslims behind the mosque say they have heard it all before. They have fought the le- gal challenges with the hope that the anger will subside once the building opens. Even as the dirty looks continue, the level of oppo- sition seems to have eased. Last year, the back-to-school giveaway drew so many protest- ers, the police responded to keep order; this year, there were only two, which the mosque’s backers suggested is a good sign. The dispute began in 2008, when Allowey Ahmed, a Yemeni immigrant and laundromat own- er, paid $800,000 for a single-fam- ily home on a double lot at 2812 Voorheis Avenue with the inten- tion of replacing the house with a mosque. Mr. Ahmed did not tell the neighbors about his plans until the initial permits were approved by the city and construction was under way. When they found out, from a worker on the site, they protested to the community board and rallied in opposition. Eventually they sued, arguing unsuccessfully that the organ- izers of the mosque, which stretches to the edge of its lot amid small single-family bunga- lows, should be required to pro- vide parking. They still hope, though their own lawyers say it is highly un- likely, that the city will change the zoning law and retroactively render the structure illegal. “We understand that this is the First Amendment, that everyone has a right to pray, but what about our rights as a residents?” said Victor Benari, 58, the other protester last month. “It’s provo- cation, 100 percent. Why here? Why not build on a nice big com- mercial street?” With local elections coming up, politicians, even those who do not represent the area, have ampli- fied the issue in recent months. David Storobin, who squeaked out a victory in a special State Senate election in March and who is now running in a newly drawn district that spans much of Orthodox Jewish Brooklyn, wrote in June to Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, saying the mosque’s institutional sponsor “has links to radical organiza- tions” like Hamas and Hezbollah. Ben Akselrod, who is running for the State Assembly in Brooklyn, has expressed similar fears. Mr. Storobin’s current district includes the mosque, but the site is outside both his new district and the one Mr. Akselrod seeks to represent. Mr. Ahmed and the Muslim American Society, which bought the property from him, say the suspicion is unfounded. They also say the statements by the politi- cians engender hate. Mr. Ahmed, who has lived in the neighborhood since 1997, said that because of the tolerance he found in Brooklyn over the years, he had not expected such deter- mined opposition. Though its construction has been slowed by frequent com- plaints to the city’s 311 help line, and the constant need to raise money — he estimated $500,000 had been spent on the building so far — he was hopeful the mosque would open next spring. “I wish we could do something to make them like us,” he said, “but thank God our rights aren’t subject to people whether they like us or not. We have guaran- teed rights, and that’s what makes this country wonderful.” PHOTOGRAPHS BY JULIE GLASSBERG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES A giveaway last month outside the construction site of an Islamic center on Voorheis Avenue. The center could open in the spring. SHEEPSHEAD BAY JOURNAL A Planned Mosque Inches Along, but Critics Remain Across the street, Leonid Krupnik, front, and Victor Benari pro- tested the center and the Muslim American Society. A protester says:‘You know what’s behind their smiles? Hatred.’ By DAVID M. HALBFINGER The New York State Education Department said Friday that it wanted to create a unit to oversee contractors in its program for dis- abled preschoolers, train the con- tractors about their financial re- sponsibilities and subject them to rigorous audits on a regular ba- sis. The department was respond- ing to reports of soaring costs and brazen fraud in the $2 billion program for children in special- education prekindergarten. It also said it was studying ways to eliminate financial incen- tives that encourage contractors to inflate or even overstate their expenses — costs that are then reimbursed by the state and local governments. The special-education pre- school system serves about 60,000 children a year and is far more expensive, per child, in New York than in other states, The New York Times reported in June. Yearly bills exceed $200,000 a child in some cases. New York City’s spending has nearly dou- bled in just six years. Unlike other states, New York relies almost entirely on private contractors to deliver services to 3- to 5-year-olds with physical, learning, developmental and oth- er disabilities. One factor in the rising costs, The Times reported, is lax oversight, which has been exploited by some of those con- tractors, nonprofit and for-profit companies alike. Audits released this summer by the state comptroller have highlighted contractors who took millions of dollars from the pro- gram by giving relatives no-show jobs or reimbursing themselves for things like luxury cars, out-of- state homes and other personal expenses. Two companies have been shut down in conjunction with the audits, and at least four contractors have been charged criminally. In a memorandum, dated Thursday, to a committee of the State Board of Regents, the exec- utive deputy commissioner of the Education Department, Valerie Grey, conceded that the depart- ment was failing to scrutinize contractors adequately, but at- tributed this to a shortage of workers. An internal review, Ms. Grey wrote, “concluded that a significant number of staff need- ed to be added to perform base- line program oversight duties.” For example, the department’s rate-setting unit, which reviews detailed expenditure reports and student rolls to calculate tuition reimbursement rates for contrac- tors, relied on 17 workers to set more than 2,700 separate rates for special education programs last year, she wrote. And de- creases in the unit’s staff over the past eight years have doubled the workload for those who re- mained, she said. Ms. Grey also said more work- ers were needed in regional of- fices, whose responsibilities in- clude making periodic site visits to special education preschools. (In interviews, contractors have said these visits are rare.) Her memo, which did not specify costs,asked the Regents, whose approval would be needed to make the changes, to consider new audit and training require- ments for preschool special edu- cation companies, much like new rules for public school districts that were enacted in 2005 after the theft of $11 million by district administrators in Roslyn, on Long Island. It also recommend- ed making preschool companies go through a vetting process be- fore obtaining or renewing con- tracts, publicly releasing some of the vast trove of data that is com- piled by the state about each pre- school contractor, and reviewing the way the department handles allegations by whistle-blowers about these contractors. Preschool contractors have be- come an influential lobbying force in Albany, where they have regularly rallied parents of dis- abled children to protest changes to the program. But one group of contractors, Agencies for Chil- dren’s Therapy Services came out last month in favor of re- forms, including mandatory new audits, a strict code of conduct and tough penalties for violators. State Seeks to Set Up Unit to Oversee Pre-K Contractors More training and audits for New York’s providers of early special education. A18 Ø N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Metropolitan Forecast TODAY ..............................Strong storms late High 82. A strong cold front will approach from the west. Some showers and thun- derstorms will break out with the potential for heavy late-day rain and strong wind. It will still be humid. TONIGHT .....................Stormy, then clearing Low 65. Showers and thunderstorms will occur during the evening with the continu- ing threat of heavy rain and strong winds. There will be some clear weather later in the day. TOMORROW .....................Cooler, less humid High 77. The strong front will move off to the east, bringing cool and less humid weather to the area. The day will be rain- free and breezy with a mix of sun and clouds. MONDAY ............................Partly sunny, cool A north flow of cool, dry air will prevail as a large area of high pressure approaches. The day will be partly sunny with low hu- midity and below-average temperatures. TUESDAY WEDNESDAY ................An abundance of sun A large area of high pressure will bring dry weather and sunshine with a light breeze. The humidity will remain low. Tempera- tures will be 74 on Tuesday and 78 on Wednesday. Another warm and humid day will unfold. There will be a few sunny periods, but over all clouds will increase as a strong cold front approaches. Showers and strong to severe thunderstorms will break out later in the day or at night. There will be a rising wind, large swells, rough surf and rip cur- rents. A push of cooler, less humid air will ex- pand southward into Texas and eastward across the Midwest today. Many areas over the Plains will be bright and sunny. Heavy showers and locally gusty thunder- storms are in store along and ahead of the front from New England and the eastern Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. A few of the storms can be severe with damaging wind gusts. Any of these downpours can bring flash flooding and poor visibility. A few wa- terspouts will occur over the Great Lakes. Much of the West will be dry and warm with the winds pushing well north over Canada. Tropical moisture will continue to bring spotty thunderstorms to the deserts. In the Atlantic, Leslie will pick up forward speed upon nearing Bermuda. By DAVID W. DUNLAP In the belief that it ought to ap- pear as if someone cared about the city’s second-most-prominent 9/11 memorial, Fritz Koenig’s sculpture “Sphere for Plaza Fountain” from the original World Trade Center, a guerrilla cleaning crew took matters into its own gloved hands this week. The volunteer maintenance workers arrived Thursday with water buckets and plenty of rags. As golden evening light filled Battery Park, where the “Sphere” has stood since 2002, they bathed and gently swabbed the base of the sculpture. A parks enforcement patrol car drove by a couple of times, stopping once for several minutes. But no one stepped out. Maybe the officers did not ob- ject to seeing four-foot-long streaks of pigeon droppings be- ing erased from the curving bronze forms. Perhaps they did not mind that someone had fi- nally picked up and bagged a dead pigeon that had become part of the stony landscape around the sculpture. Maybe they figured, Hey, someone re- membered the 11th anniversary is coming up. Whatever the case, the con- stabulary offered no resistance. That allowed the volunteers to finish their job, under the direc- tion of Michael Burke, whose brother Capt. William F. Burke Jr. of Engine Company 21 was killed on Sept. 11, 2001. Mr. Burke is the unofficial leader of a campaign to place the “Sphere” in the 9/11 Memorial at the World Trade Center site, and to keep it on pub- lic display in the interim. A long-planned $16 million ren- ovation of Battery Park cannot proceed with the “Sphere” where it is now. So two questions must be answered: What place — if any — does the sculpture have in the final plans for the new trade center? And where can it go until those plans are realized? The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey has said it agrees with Mr. Burke that the “Sphere” should be returned to the site. But the National Septem- ber 11 Memorial and Museum, whose chairman is Mayor Mi- chael R. Bloomberg, does not want the sculpture for a plaza that is already designed and a museum collection that is al- ready assembled. The Port Au- thority has no power to compel the memorial and museum to ac- cept the work. No one in charge appears to be in any hurry to end this impasse. To judge from the condition of the “Sphere,” they can scarcely be bothered with routine mainte- nance, either. So it was left to Mr. Burke and his confederates to do a little fixing up before the anni- versary. As twilight fell, the little band seemed gratified by its good deed, though the volunteers de- spaired that they could not reach the elevated globe. Mr. Burke said Captain Burke would not have been fazed. “My brother would have called in Ladder 10,” he said, referring to the nearest fire company, “and just had them spray it down.” News and conversa- tion from the five boroughs: nytimes.com/cityroom City Room Sculpture From World Trade Center Gets a Bath but Needs a Home DAVID W. DUNLAP/THE NEW YORK TIMES Volunteers including Michael Burke, at right, brother of a Fire Department captain, William F. Burke Jr., killed on Sept. 11, cleaned “Sphere for Plaza Fountain” in Battery Park on Thursday. With an anniversary near, a cleanup crew goes to work. 90° 80° 70° 60° Record highs Normal highs Normal lows Record lows M T W T F S S M T W TODAY High High Actual Forecast range LowLow 80s 7 0s 60s Color bands indicate water temperature. 89/69 Turning stormy Virginia Beach 86/65 Turning stormy Ocean City Md. 87/64 Strong storms late Eastern Shore 82/67 Strong storms late N.J. Shore 84/64 Strong storms late L.I. South Shore 84/62 Strong storms late L.I. North Shore 77/68 Mostly cloudy and breezy Cape Cod 78/63 Turning out cloudy Kennebunkport Today’s forecast LESLIE H H H L L L 80s 80s 70s 0s s s s 50s 4 0s 30s 100+ 10 100+ 100+ 100+ 0+ 9 0 s 90s 9 90 s 90s 9 90s s 90s 90s 90 s 80s 80s 80s 80 80s 70s 70s 70s 70s 7 7 70 7 0s 0 70s 70s 70s 7 0s 7 0s s 60s s 60s 6 60 0s 0 s s 50s 0 Pi err e Bismarck B B F arg o Minneapolis n St. Paul S Chicago o kee Milwauk Indianapolis i D etro it Cle Cleveland Cle eland eland d d Pittsburgh Pittsbu Pittsbu Washington Wash ash Philadelphia Phi New York N chmond Richm Norfolk N N N gh igh Raleig eig Charlotte harlotte harlotte bia b Colum m Atlanta a Jacksonville J Orlando O Tampa a Mi am i N assa u Birmingham m Mobile Mo New New Orleans Jackson n Baton Rouge o Rock Little Rock Rock Memphis Nas hvill e Louis v ille Charleston C to o rlesto Sioux Falls o per Caspe pe Cheyenne C Ch h C h eyenne De nv er Colorado orado orado Sp prings Sp eg Winnipeg R eg i n a Billi n gs H e l en a Boise Bo Bo Spokane okan okan V Vancouver V S eattl e R e n o S Sa a a an Francis a n Francisco n Francis co F r es n o Los Los Ang Los geles g S San an an n Diego n o H ono l u lu Hilo H F Fairba rbanks rba Anchorage A Anchorage A Juneau eau oenix hoe oen Pho ho Tucson T T as Las Las Vegas S alt Lak e C it y Alb uquerqu e S anta Fe ck Lubboc c El P as o F t . W o r t h D a ll as O klahoma C it y S San Antonio Sa S S S ston Housto Corpus Christi C Monterr rey re Eugen en ne n e e Portla and nd nd Alban ny n Hartford Har a a Buffalo Buffalo Buffalo Toronto Toronto Ottawa Mon ntreal on c Quebec bec bec Burl lington l n on Manchester Ma M M M M Boston s B Portland Por Halifax H D es M o i ne s O mah a peka Top ope Wi c hi t a K ansa s C it y St. Louis Springfield i Strong thunderstorms will move into the mid-Atlantic and the Northeast this afternoon and tonight. The storms will bring very heavy rain and wind gusts over 50 miles per hour. The severe weather is a result of a strong cold front advancing into the Appalachians. Much cooler air behind the front will hold temperatures in the 60s across the Great Lakes region today. Highlight: Strong Thunderstorms in the East MUCH COOLER GUSTY THUNDERSTORMS 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 100° 4 p.m. 12 a.m. 6 a.m. 12 p.m. 4 p.m. Record high 101° (1881) Normal high 78° Normal low 64° Record low 46° (1888) THU.YESTERDAY 71° 6 a.m. 86° 3 p.m. Metropolitan Almanac In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday. Temperature ............. +4.8°this month Avg. daily departure from normal ................ +3.4° Avg. daily departure from normal this year Reservoir levels (New York City water supply) ............... 76%Yesterday ............. 80%Est. normal Precipitation (in inches) ............... 0.00Yesterday .................... 2.07Record For the last 30 days ..................... 2.24Actual .................... 4.10Normal For the last 365 days ................... 41.99Actual .................. 49.93Normal LAST 30 DAYS Air pressure Humidity Cooling Degree Days Trends ........... 29.95 9 a.m.High ............ 29.89 3 a.m.Low ............. 89% 6 a.m.High .............. 54% 2 p.m.Low An index of fuel consumption that tracks how far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65 Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation trends com p are with those of the last 30 y ears. ................................................................... 14Yesterday ........................................................ 85So far this month ...................... 1203So far this season (since January 1) ............................... 1005Normal to date for the season Last 10 days 30 days 90 days 365 days Temperature Average Below Above Precipitation Average Below Above H L TODAY’S HIGHS FRONTS PRESSURE COLD HIGH LOW RAINSHOWERS ICEFLURRIES SNOWT-STORMSMOSTLY CLOUDY WARM STATIONARY COMPLEX COLD PRECIPITATION <0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+ Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time. Cities High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday. Expected conditions for today and tomorrow. C ....................... Clouds F ............................ Fog H .......................... Haze I ............................... Ice PC ............ Partly cloudy R ........................... Rain Sh ................... Showers S .............................Sun Sn ....................... Snow SS ......... Snow showers T .......... Thunderstorms Tr ........................ Trace W ....................... Windy –.............. Not available Recreational Forecast Sun, Moon and Planets Weather Report Meteorology by AccuWeather Sun Jupiter Saturn Moon Mars Venus National Forecast Boating Last Quarter New First Quarter Full Sep. 8 Sep. 15 Sep. 22 Sep. 29 Beach and Ocean Temperatures 10:09 p.m. 11:17 p.m. RISE 6:30 a.m. SET 7:16 p.m. NEXT R 6:31 a.m. R 11:16 p.m. S 2:05 p.m. R 9:53 a.m. S 9:01 p.m. S 2:12 p.m. R 11:56 p.m. S 2:59 p.m. R 11:07 a.m. S 9:22 p.m. R 2:50 a.m. S 5:10 p.m. United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow 82/ 65 T 77/ 60 PC Bridgeport 81/ 69 0 82/ 64 T 76/ 56 PC Caldwell 88/ 67 0 83/ 59 T 75/ 50 PC Danbury 84/ 64 0.12 85/ 58 T 73/ 48 PC Islip 82/ 67 0 80/ 64 C 76/ 57 PC Newark 88/ 70 0.08 83/ 64 T 77/ 58 PC Trenton 87/ 67 0.01 85/ 61 T 74/ 54 PC White Plains 85/ 66 0.03 82/ 61 T 74/ 54 PC Albany 90/ 67 0.08 82/ 57 T 69/ 50 PC Albuquerque 95/ 61 0 76/ 59 PC 84/ 65 PC Anchorage 54/ 43 0.12 56/ 43 PC 57/ 40 S Atlanta 91/ 72 0 82/ 62 T 80/ 63 PC Atlantic City 83/ 72 0 82/ 67 T 78/ 61 PC Austin 100/ 73 0 91/ 63 PC 93/ 58 S Baltimore 89/ 68 0 86/ 60 T 78/ 58 S Baton Rouge 95/ 74 0 90/ 62 T 85/ 61 S Birmingham 91/ 74 0 82/ 58 T 80/ 59 PC Boise 86/ 58 0 91/ 65 S 91/ 56 T Boston 82/ 69 0 82/ 67 C 77/ 57 PC Buffalo 82/ 67 0 70/ 53 T 69/ 53 Sh Burlington 83/ 64 0 80/ 58 T 67/ 45 PC Casper 70/ 41 Tr 79/ 49 S 86/ 57 PC Charlotte 88/ 69 0 88/ 60 T 80/ 56 PC Chattanooga 92/ 70 0 80/ 58 T 81/ 56 PC Chicago 77/ 57 0.06 70/ 55 PC 72/ 55 S Cincinnati 88/ 64 0 74/ 52 T 77/ 54 PC Cleveland 83/ 66 0.05 69/ 54 T 72/ 53 C Colorado Springs 70/ 47 0 80/ 52 PC 82/ 54 PC Columbus 88/ 68 0 72/ 53 R 75/ 55 PC Concord, N.H. 85/ 62 0 82/ 61 C 75/ 44 PC Dallas-Ft. Worth 102/ 66 0 86/ 62 PC 88/ 64 S Denver 70/ 48 0.03 82/ 54 S 88/ 61 PC Des Moines 74/ 49 0.03 76/ 50 S 80/ 52 S Detroit 81/ 61 0 69/ 52 R 71/ 50 C El Paso 94/ 70 0 82/ 64 T 86/ 69 PC Fargo 69/ 46 0 75/ 42 S 78/ 55 S Hartford 87/ 67 0 84/ 62 C 74/ 50 PC Honolulu 88/ 69 0.08 87/ 71 Sh 87/ 73 S Houston 96/ 76 0 93/ 64 PC 90/ 64 S Indianapolis 83/ 60 0.03 72/ 55 PC 77/ 55 S Jackson 93/ 72 0 84/ 58 T 81/ 57 S Jacksonville 91/ 72 0.18 88/ 72 T 85/ 71 T Kansas City 83/ 50 0.04 77/ 53 S 81/ 56 S Key West 89/ 79 0 88/ 79 PC 88/ 80 PC Las Vegas 98/ 83 0 99/ 84 PC 96/ 79 T Lexington 88/ 66 0 74/ 51 T 76/ 53 PC Little Rock 98/ 66 0 82/ 57 PC 82/ 58 S Los Angeles 86/ 67 0 89/ 68 PC 89/ 65 PC Louisville 90/ 68 0 75/ 55 T 79/ 57 PC Memphis 96/ 67 0 78/ 58 PC 82/ 61 S Miami 89/ 76 0.03 90/ 78 PC 91/ 78 PC Milwaukee 77/ 54 0.02 72/ 56 PC 70/ 57 PC Mpls.-St. Paul 70/ 49 Tr 74/ 48 S 76/ 55 S Nashville 93/ 71 0 76/ 55 T 79/ 56 PC New Orleans 90/ 75 0 90/ 68 T 83/ 67 PC Norfolk 84/ 72 0 88/ 67 T 77/ 62 PC Oklahoma City 105/ 56 0.03 83/ 54 PC 88/ 56 S Omaha 70/ 47 Tr 78/ 49 S 82/ 56 S Orlando 90/ 73 0.29 91/ 75 T 88/ 75 T Philadelphia 89/ 72 0 87/ 64 T 77/ 60 PC Phoenix 97/ 81 0.53 102/ 84 T 101/ 84 T Pittsburgh 84/ 68 0 71/ 53 T 69/ 51 C Portland, Me. 82/ 64 0 76/ 64 C 75/ 49 PC Portland, Ore. 91/ 59 0 86/ 56 PC 75/ 53 PC Providence 83/ 68 0 84/ 66 C 79/ 54 PC Raleigh 87/ 71 0 91/ 63 T 82/ 56 PC Reno 89/ 61 0 94/ 61 S 92/ 56 S Richmond 88/ 68 0 89/ 61 T 79/ 56 PC Rochester 84/ 67 0 70/ 52 T 68/ 49 Sh Sacramento 90/ 60 0 89/ 54 S 85/ 52 S Salt Lake City 83/ 58 0 82/ 61 S 93/ 64 PC San Antonio 100/ 76 0 94/ 65 PC 93/ 64 S San Diego 81/ 69 0 81/ 71 PC 80/ 69 PC San Francisco 67/ 53 0 67/ 53 PC 64/ 52 PC San Jose 77/ 55 0 75/ 55 S 74/ 53 S San Juan 90/ 77 0 90/ 77 S 90/ 76 S Seattle 85/ 56 0 84/ 54 PC 68/ 50 PC Sioux Falls 72/ 43 0 76/ 43 S 79/ 57 S Spokane 82/ 54 0 86/ 58 PC 82/ 51 PC St. Louis 93/ 58 0 76/ 55 PC 80/ 57 S St. Thomas 88/ 78 0 89/ 78 S 89/ 77 S Syracuse 84/ 68 0 76/ 55 T 68/ 49 Sh Tampa 88/ 75 0.02 88/ 76 PC 87/ 76 T Toledo 79/ 58 0.05 70/ 49 R 74/ 47 PC Tucson 87/ 75 0 93/ 72 T 95/ 74 T Tulsa 101/ 56 0.02 80/ 52 S 87/ 57 S Virginia Beach 84/ 73 0 89/ 69 T 77/ 64 PC Washington 89/ 73 0 86/ 61 T 78/ 59 S Wichita 84/ 54 0.12 84/ 55 S 88/ 59 S Wilmington, Del. 85/ 70 0.01 87/ 59 T 77/ 56 S Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow Algiers 82/ 66 0 91/ 67 S 90/ 67 T Cairo 93/ 73 0 92/ 73 S 92/ 73 S Cape Town 72/ 47 0 68/ 46 S 61/ 52 Sh Dakar 86/ 77 0.54 88/ 78 T 88/ 78 S Johannesburg 52/ 43 0.14 63/ 46 PC 69/ 53 S Nairobi 73/ 57 0.10 77/ 51 PC 82/ 52 T Tunis 88/ 69 0 89/ 69 S 92/ 72 S Baghdad 108/ 79 0 109/ 74 S 108/ 78 S Bangkok 86/ 77 0.06 92/ 77 Sh 92/ 77 T Beijing 77/ 64 0.08 85/ 62 R 88/ 63 S Damascus 99/ 61 0 97/ 58 S 95/ 61 S Hong Kong 91/ 82 0 89/ 77 T 89/ 79 T Jakarta 92/ 73 0.03 93/ 74 S 92/ 75 T Jerusalem 86/ 67 0 83/ 65 S 82/ 64 S Karachi 99/ 77 0.24 100/ 80 T 96/ 82 T Manila 88/ 79 0.09 90/ 77 T 88/ 77 T Mumbai 86/ 81 0.16 89/ 81 R 88/ 79 R South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow New Delhi 92/ 78 0.12 89/ 79 T 93/ 78 T Riyadh 103/ 79 0 102/ 73 S 103/ 76 S Seoul 81/ 61 0.48 75/ 64 R 79/ 66 R Shanghai 84/ 73 0.29 89/ 77 PC 83/ 71 T Singapore 88/ 73 0.52 88/ 77 T 87/ 76 T Sydney 70/ 54 0 68/ 43 PC 70/ 41 S Taipei 93/ 81 0.12 94/ 78 PC 90/ 76 T Tehran 88/ 70 0 89/ 75 S 89/ 74 S Tokyo 86/ 75 0.25 87/ 77 Sh 88/ 78 PC Amsterdam 70/ 54 0 75/ 55 S 79/ 62 S Athens 90/ 75 0 83/ 72 S 88/ 72 S Berlin 66/ 50 0.16 72/ 55 PC 78/ 60 PC Brussels 75/ 50 0 75/ 52 S 83/ 60 S Budapest 75/ 41 0 83/ 56 S 83/ 55 S Copenhagen 66/ 57 0.20 68/ 58 PC 66/ 60 C Dublin 68/ 55 0 70/ 54 PC 66/ 54 R Edinburgh 66/ 59 0.01 64/ 47 PC 68/ 55 R Frankfurt 79/ 45 0 73/ 55 S 83/ 64 S Geneva 75/ 52 0 84/ 53 S 80/ 56 S Helsinki 52/ 45 0.15 57/ 46 Sh 61/ 46 PC Istanbul 82/ 70 0 82/ 67 S 80/ 70 S Kiev 64/ 50 0 64/ 53 PC 66/ 49 Sh Lisbon 82/ 70 0 84/ 63 S 79/ 63 S London 79/ 52 0 79/ 55 S 80/ 60 PC Madrid 90/ 62 0 90/ 61 PC 86/ 59 PC Moscow 57/ 48 0 63/ 48 Sh 51/ 42 R Nice 79/ 72 0 82/ 70 S 82/ 68 PC Oslo 61/ 37 0 64/ 44 Sh 64/ 55 C Paris 79/ 45 0 80/ 56 S 88/ 61 S Prague 70/ 45 0 73/ 50 PC 76/ 51 S Rome 82/ 66 0 84/ 65 S 83/ 64 S St. Petersburg 55/ 48 0.28 56/ 46 Sh 60/ 43 Sh Stockholm 61/ 46 0.05 63/ 43 S 64/ 50 PC Vienna 75/ 48 0 75/ 57 S 79/ 60 S Warsaw 61/ 50 0.10 64/ 48 C 69/ 51 PC Acapulco 88/ 76 0.31 90/ 76 T 90/ 78 T Bermuda 86/ 79 0 84/ 77 R 80/ 77 R Edmonton 73/ 41 0 77/ 42 S 76/ 44 S Guadalajara 79/ 60 0.16 81/ 59 T 82/ 58 T Havana 91/ 72 0 92/ 71 T 91/ 70 Sh Kingston 91/ 79 0 90/ 77 S 90/ 78 S Martinique 91/ 73 0.02 88/ 74 Sh 88/ 75 R Mexico City 79/ 55 0.05 77/ 53 T 74/ 52 T Monterrey 99/ 74 0 101/ 71 PC 90/ 70 T Montreal 79/ 61 0 79/ 59 T 68/ 52 PC Nassau 88/ 77 0.06 89/ 78 PC 92/ 76 S Panama City 90/ 75 0.25 89/ 74 T 90/ 74 T Quebec City 75/ 57 Tr 72/ 57 T 66/ 50 PC Santo Domingo 90/ 72 0 89/ 70 S 89/ 71 C Toronto 77/ 61 0.01 68/ 53 R 65/ 48 PC Vancouver 70/ 55 0 72/ 59 PC 65/ 55 PC Winnipeg 59/ 48 0.01 72/ 42 S 76/ 55 S Buenos Aires 64/ 59 1.17 68/ 50 S 61/ 48 S Caracas 94/ 77 0.04 92/ 77 S 93/ 77 S Lima 65/ 61 0 66/ 56 PC 67/ 56 S Quito 75/ 55 0 69/ 48 T 71/ 47 R Recife 84/ 70 0.01 83/ 74 R 83/ 75 Sh Rio de Janeiro 77/ 66 0 87/ 73 S 89/ 69 S Santiago 59/ 39 0 70/ 45 S 73/ 45 S From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor. Small craft advisory for the ocean. Wind will be south rising to 15-30 knots. Waves will be 4-7 feet on the ocean and 1-3 feet on Long Island Sound and New York Harbor. Visibility reduced in any showers. Atlantic City ................... 1:14 a.m. .............. 1:41 p.m. Barnegat Inlet ................ 1:36 a.m. .............. 1:48 p.m. The Battery .................... 2:25 a.m. .............. 2:32 p.m. Beach Haven ................. 3:06 a.m. .............. 3:18 p.m. Bridgeport ..................... 5:21 a.m. .............. 5:38 p.m. City Island ...................... 5:19 a.m. .............. 5:10 p.m. Fire Island Lt. ................. 2:34 a.m. .............. 2:46 p.m. Montauk Point ................ 3:07 a.m. .............. 3:49 p.m. Northport ....................... 5:16 a.m. .............. 5:33 p.m. Port Washington ............ 5:05 a.m. .............. 4:56 p.m. Sandy Hook ................... 1:48 a.m. .............. 2:00 p.m. Shinnecock Inlet ............ 1:09 a.m. .............. 1:21 p.m. Stamford ........................ 5:24 a.m. .............. 5:41 p.m. Tarrytown ....................... 4:14 a.m. .............. 4:21 p.m. Willets Point ................... 5:16 a.m. .............. 5:07 p.m. High Tides New York City 86/ 71 0 Ø N A19 NEW YORK THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 second-degree murder, because the crime led to a death. All three have criminal records, and the police said that Mr. Ramos had a prior robbery arrest. In a related event, a police offi- cer responding alone to the rob- bery crashed into a car stopped at a red light not far from the store. The authorities said he sus- tained a broken left femur and a possible fractured nose and un- derwent surgery; the civilians in the other car had minor injuries. Once Mr. Ramos, the accused gunman, was unmasked, Mr. Mora said he recognized him as someone who worked for a while at a neighboring bodega. At 2 o’clock Thursday morning, he said, Mr. Ramos came by as Mr. Mora was leaving his deli. Mr. Mora said Mr. Ramos told him, “I’ll get you tomorrow.” ning.” A gunshot sounded. Mr. Mora looked and saw Mr. Cuevas crumpled on the ground, his right hand pressed against a bleeding wound. A policeman dragged Mr. Cuevas away by the arm. Mr. Mora met Mr. Cuevas’s eyes. “He said, ‘Ah!’ He put his hand to his chest, and he just looked at me,” Mr. Mora said. Raymond W. Kelly, the police commissioner, said an officer with his gun drawn was waiting outside the door when the two workers came out. He said Mr. Cuevas “ran full speed into the officer; the two became entan- gled, at which point we believe the officer accidentally dis- charged his weapon.” The bullet struck Mr. Cuevas in the back of his left shoulder. He was taken to St. Barnabas Hospi- tal in the Bronx, where he was pronounced dead. The single bul- let had traced a harsh trajectory: it managed to damage the left lung, heart and major blood ves- sels, the medical examiner’s of- fice said. The arrests of the three sus- pects took an additional four hours. The authorities said that Chris- topher Dorsey, 17, trailed the two employees out of the store and surrendered. The other men — Orlando Ramos, 32, who the po- lice said was the gunman, and Er- nesto Delgado, 28 — remained holed up inside. About 5:30 in the morning, Mr. Delgado emerged and claimed he had been held hostage, but the police did not believe him and ar- rested him. According to the authorities, officers from the emergency services unit then went into the store and found Mr. Ramos tied to a pole with yellow rope, also pretending to be a hostage. The gun, a Harrington & Rich- ardson .32-caliber revolver, was found concealed in a plastic bag behind a bag of birdseed on one of the bodega’s shelves. The po- lice said it was not loaded. They also said they found a ski mask and a gray backpack that con- tained $718 in cash, several packs of Newport cigarettes, scratch-off lottery tickets and some of Mr. Mora’s documents. Mr. Kelly would not identify the officer who shot Mr. Cuevas but said that he had been on the force for seven years and had never before fired his gun. The officer was placed on administra- tive duty, Mr. Kelly said, pending an internal investigation. “The tragedy here, of course, is that Mr. Cuevas was shot,” Mr. Kelly said, “but I see nothing wrong with the procedure.” At a news briefing at Police Headquarters, Mr. Kelly played videos from the bodega’s security cameras. They showed the work- ers being held inside at gunpoint, their flight from the store and the collision between Mr. Cuevas and the officer. Later in the afternoon, Mr. Kelly met with Ana Cuevas, Mr. Cuevas’s mother, to express his condolences. The police charged the three suspects with robbery and with HIROKO MASUIKE/THE NEW YORK TIMES At a news conference Friday, Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly showed video of the shooting, which he said was accidental. OT ON NA OTON PARK PA E . 170TH ST. 1 TH 17 ST E . E 1 17 70 70 0T E . J EFFERSON PL. PL ON FER FFE FER J EF N P PL. ON N SO NP L EFFE J E SO ERS PL ON J E C ROTONA PARK S. A KS PAR C ROTONA S. S. K S K FRANKL IN AV E . FRA ANK NKL AV E NAV V E . KLIN CLINTON AVE. E LIN IN E C CLI INT VE ON TON VE CL AV NA NTO NA ON TO ON CL BOSTON RD. RD BOS OST NRD STON NR RD ON FULTON AVE. ON AVE. LTO FULT THIRD AVE. THIRD AVE. E. 168TH ST. 16 68 ST 16 T E. 1 68T H E1 HST. E. 169TH ST. 169 69T 9T T H E HS 9TH E1 S i t e o f Sit of Site shooting sh ng ti ho ho BRONX B BRONX N . J . MAN . B’KLYN Q UEEN S rea of of a Area detail l deta detai THE NEW YORK TIMES The bodega, in Morrisania,is owned by Mr. Cuevas’s uncle. Fatal Second At a Bodega In the Bronx From Page A16 Reporting was contributed by Daniel Krieger, Colin Moynihan, Wendy Ruderman and Nate Schweber. By WINNIE HU and NATE SCHWEBER Reynaldo Cuevas cried when his father, Maleno, was fatally shot in the street two years ago in the Dominican Republic over a gold necklace and a bracelet, rel- atives said. He was changed by it. To save money, Mr. Cuevas started working the late-night shift at Aneurys Deli Grocery on Franklin Avenue and East 169th Street in the Bronx. He had plans to bring his 3-year-old daughter to New York from the Dominican Republic. He talked to his aunt about going to college and study- ing telecommunications or engi- neering. He told his neighbors he might join the Army. “He became more serious about life, about doing something for himself,” said Mickey Rodri- guez, 25, his cousin. “He didn’t want to be a bum on the street. He wanted to be something so his father could be proud of him.” Those plans were cut short early Friday when Mr. Cuevas, 20, was shot and killed by a police officer outside the bodega where he worked. He had been fleeing armed robbers inside when he ran into a police officer whose gun was drawn, witnesses said. Mr. Cuevas, known as Rey, was the third of four children of a bo- dega owner and a hairstylist. The family lived in the Eastchester Gardens housing project, and the children played in and around bo- degas in the South Bronx that were owned by their father and uncles. The Franklin Avenue bo- dega where Mr. Cuevas worked is owned by an uncle. “I watched them grow up,” said Patti Thompson, a children’s min- istry teacher, as a tear slipped down her cheek. “I’ve been try- ing to remember the actual last words I heard him say. I can’t re- member.” Mr. Cuevas graduated from Clinton High School, where he was a solid student and did not get in trouble, relatives said. He liked to play basketball and hand- ball, and was the only one of his siblings still living at home. His two brothers are working in the Dominican Republic, and his sis- ter recently enlisted in the Ma- rines. Maricela Rodriguez, 41, a neighbor, said Mr. Cuevas would often call her son, also named Reynaldo, after getting off the subway coming home from the bodega. The two childhood friends would play the video game “Call of Duty” for hours, emerging at dawn to fry up Span- ish sausage and plantains for breakfast. Ms. Rodriguez said she could always count on Mr. Cuevas to download music to her iPod or help her assemble new furniture. “I loved that kid,” she said. Every week, Mr. Cuevas wired money to his daughter in the Do- minican Republic for her clothing and expenses, and he paid for her third birthday party at a McDon- ald’s, relatives said. At the Franklin Avenue bo- dega, where Mr. Cuevas worked Monday through Saturday, cus- tomers said they often saw him stocking the refrigerators and shelves until 2 or 3 a.m. Johnny Rodriguez, 50, who lives across from the bodega, said that he used to tease Mr. Cuevas, who was also in charge of keep- ing an eye on customers. “I’d say, ‘Let me take the potato chips,’” he recalled. “He’d say ‘No, don’t do that. I don’t want to lose my job.’” Though Mr. Cuevas worked late hours, he never expressed concerns about his safety. “He knew that everyone in the neigh- borhood knew him,” said Anyilu Monegro, 36, a clerk at a nearby bodega. “So he thought he was safe.” Mr. Cuevas’s relatives said that he was hoping not to be working at the bodega much longer. He had recently applied for a higher-paying service job at La Guardia Airport, and was ex- pecting to hear back next week. A 20-Year-Old Father’s Goal Was to Make His Slain Father Proud Daniel Krieger contributed re- porting. By ALISON LEIGH COWAN A lawyer for an Israeli immi- grant who raised thousands of dollars that helped elect Michael G. Grimm to Congress in 2010 said Friday that the authorities arrested his client last month on a charge of immigration fraud be- cause of his ties to the lawmaker. “This case is politically moti- vated,” the lawyer, John Merin- golo, said at a midday bail hear- ing in federal court in Brooklyn for his client, Ofer Biton. “He did not profit one nickel, your honor,” from this alleged crime, the lawyer told United States Magistrate Judge Cheryl L. Pollak. While the authorities have charged Mr. Biton with mis- representing $400,000 on a visa application, Mr. Meringolo ar- gued that “no one in the public” had money taken from them and “there’s never been allegations of a violent crime.” Outside court, after Mr. Biton was denied bail, Mr. Meringolo explained why he thinks prosecu- tors are focusing on his client, “They say he has ties to Michael Grimm,” he said. “I haven’t seen any evidence whatsoever of wrongdoing of Michael Grimm.” Robert Nardoza, a spokesman for the United States attorney’s office for the Eastern District of New York, which is prosecuting the case, had a different analysis in responding to the lawyer’s al- legation. “The case,” he said, “is motivated by the evidence.” In fact, Anthony Capozzolo, a federal prosecutor at the public corruption unit of the United States attorney’s office, said in court that this was “not a simple visa fraud.” “The government does expect to charge him with extortion and money laundering,” he said. Rocking gently back and forth, as his wife, the eldest of his six children and a dozen supporters watched from the back of the courtroom, Mr. Biton, said little during the half-hour proceeding. He has been in federal custody since Aug. 16 on the basis of a criminal complaint issued under seal on Aug 13. Though the bail application de- scribed him mostly as the owner of Mediterranean-style food res- taurants in New York, Mr. Biton, 39, got his big break as the aide and gatekeeper to Rabbi Yoshiya- hu Pinto, a Sephardic rabbi from Ashdod, Israel, looking to build up his following in Manhattan over the last decade. Relying mostly on connections he had gained by working for the rabbi, Mr. Biton, by many ac- counts, then went on to help Rep- resentative Grimm, a Staten Is- land Republican, raise hundreds of thousands of dollars in cam- paign gifts from followers of the rabbi. Some of those donors have said in interviews that they were ad- vised by the candidate or Mr. Biton that there were ways for the campaign to accept large gifts that were over the legal lim- its, included more cash than al- lowed, or were given by people who were ineligible. Mr. Grimm’s office did not re- spond to a request for comment. Prosecutors have yet to bring a formal indictment that would lay out the charges against Mr. Biton more fully, and ordinarily, they would have until this coming week to do so. Without naming possible ac- complices or co-conspirators, Mr. Capozzolo told the court that the initial charges against Mr. Biton stemmed from roughly $400,000 that Mr. Biton mischaracterized on a June 2010 visa application as a loan from a family friend. In fact, he said, the true source of the money was hidden through a convoluted series of transfers executed with the help of some- one the prosecutor called “Indi- vidual A.” He said maneuvers of this type violated “anti-money-laundering provisions” and “stop immigra- tion from questioning the people whose money it really was.” While Judge Pollak declined to grant Mr. Meringolo’s bail appli- cation, she said he could again if he could put more guarantees on the table that Mr. Biton would not try to leave the country. Citing his illegal immigration status — “Mr. Biton’s status is that he has no status,” is how Mr. Capozzolo put it — and the gov- ernment’s assertions that he has strong family ties back in Israel, the judge told Mr. Meringolo, “I’d need a secure package that you have not offered.” Lawyer Says Man’s Link To Legislator Led to Arrest A fund-raiser for an S.I. congressman is denied bail in an immigration case. By WENDY RUDERMAN ARMONK, N.Y. — The driver of a tractor-trailer who was in- volved in an accident with a car driven by Kerry Kennedy plead- ed not guilty on Friday to leaving the scene of an accident and vowed to fight the charge. “When you got nothing, you got nothing to lose,” the driver, Rocco Scuiletti said, invoking the Bob Dylan song “Like a Rolling Stone” in an interview after a brief court hearing here. Mr. Scuiletti, 47, of Poughkeep- sie, was unwittingly thrust into a national spotlight on July 13, when just after 8 a.m., Ms. Ken- nedy swerved her Lexus into his truck on Interstate 684 in West- chester County. Ms. Kennedy, the former wife of Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo and a daughter of Robert F. Kennedy, then exited the high- way with a flat tire and rolled to a stop on Route 22. Witnesses re- ported that she was driving er- ratically and said that she had been slumped over the wheel, the police said. Blood tests administered near- ly five hours after the accident showed that Ms. Kennedy had a low level of zolpidem, the generic name for Ambien, in her system. She has said that she may have inadvertently taken the potent sleep aid instead of her thyroid medication on the morning of the accident. She was arrested and charged with a single misde- meanor charge of driving with ability impaired by drug. After a July 17 court hearing in which she pleaded not guilty, Ms. Kennedy, 52, apologized to Mr. Scuiletti.“I want to apologize to the driver of the truck who I ap- parently hit and to all those I en- dangered while driving my car,” she said. Mr. Scuiletti said Friday that he had no idea that the driver who had sideswiped his truck was a member of the Kennedy family. He said he was surprised when he saw news reports the next day. He was even more surprised to be charged with leaving an acci- dent scene. “As soon as I had a safe oppor- tunity to pull over, I did; I in- spected my tractor,” Mr. Scuiletti said Friday. “There was no dam- age — not even paint exchange — and the person who bounced off of me was long gone. I just continued on my way. I didn’t know what to report.” He said the trucking company he was driving for fired him after the accident. He declined to give the name of the company, based in Massachusetts. He has since found a new job as a truck driver with a company in New York, but said he was fighting the traffic violation be- cause he did not want it to affect his commercial trucker’s license. “Out of the million drivers out there, I had somebody who was well known,” he said. “What can I say? I have no bad feelings. I just want to get this over with and get on with my life.” As for Ms. Kennedy, who was not charged with leaving the scene of an accident, he said: “It was nice of her to acknowledge what happened and what she did. It was very nice, but it still hap- pened. I’m just thankful it wasn’t any worse.” A trial date has yet to be set in Mr. Scuiletti’s case. Ms. Kennedy has a court hearing scheduled for next week. Trucker in Kennedy Crash Plans to Fight Charge MARCUS YAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Rocco Scuiletti after appearing in court Friday in Armonk, N.Y. By RUSS BUETTNER Tucked into a long newspaper listing of everyday people who had forgotten a few dollars left in an old bank account, one name still had enough of its old bold- face pop to jump out from the squint-inducing type. There she was, Brooke Astor, who was the grande dame of the city’s society and philanthropy circuits. Mrs. Astor, whose waning years opened a morass of family conflict to public view, was identi- fied as the holder of two aban- doned accounts at Citibank, alongside thousands of less-fa- mous people listed in an 84-page special legal-advertising section in The Daily News on Aug. 31. The Astor accounts were ad- dressed to the attention of her son, Anthony D. Marshall, who was convicted three years ago of stealing from his mother in the fi- nal years of her life. How much the abandoned ac- counts are worth will remain a secret, as required by law, until someone proves to be entitled to the money. It must be at least $50, or Citibank would not have been required to advertise them. And with a name like Astor, who knows? “You kind of wonder,” Mrs. As- tor’s grandson, Philip C. Mar- shall, said when told of the aban- doned accounts by a reporter. “It’s not going to be $50.” If the money is not claimed, it will be turned over to the state comptroller’s office, which will make further efforts to connect the money with its rightful own- er. Most payouts by the comptrol- ler’s Office of Unclaimed Funds are for around $100, but a few are for more: one account worth $1.7 million is sitting in the comptrol- ler’s coffers. The office currently has about $12 billion in unclaimed money. Mrs. Astor died in 2007, at the age of 105, leaving behind an es- tate valued at more than $100 mil- lion. Before her death, Philip Mar- shall accused his father, Anthony, of misspending her money, and questions arose about whether she was mentally competent when she signed changes to her will in 2003 and 2004. Those changes gave her son more con- trol over her estate and reduced the amount of money she had be- queathed to various New York universities, libraries, parks and museums. In 2009, her son and Francis X. Morrissey Jr., a lawyer who did estate planning for Mrs. Astor, were convicted of tricking Mrs. Astor into signing away control and of stealing from her. They were sentenced to one to three years in prison, but they remain free pending the outcome of an appeal. In March, a settlement in the dispute over the estate that ig- nored the 2003 and 2004 changes was negotiated by the office of Attorney General Eric T. Schnei- derman. It called for Anthony Marshall, 88, to receive $14.5 mil- lion, effectively cutting his inher- itance by more than half. An addi- tional $30 million will go toward the creation of a Brooke Astor Fund for New York City Educa- tion, and millions more to Pros- pect Park, Central Park, city playgrounds and various cultural institutions. Later this month, Sotheby’s will auction some of Mrs. Astor’s furnishings, fine art and jewelry for the benefit of charities, includ- ing the New York Public Library, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Historic Hudson Valley and the Animal Medical Center. Whatever money turns up in the abandoned accounts will be divided among the charities and education fund according to the terms of the settlement, Mr. Schneiderman’s office said. In addition to the two accounts advertised by Citibank last week, the state comptroller’s Web site lists five other unclaimed ac- counts belonging to Mrs. Astor that were abandoned as long ago as 2005. Those five accounts, which had been held with various institutions and are now in the custody of the comptroller’s of- fice,are valued at less than $2,500 total, said Kate Gurnett, a spokeswoman for Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli. JPMorgan Chase, which has been in charge of finding and in- ventorying Mrs. Astor’s assets for more than five years, filed a claim for the five other accounts on June 12, Ms. Gurnett said. A spokesman for JPMorgan said the bank was in the process of applying for the money at Citi- bank. Philip Marshall said that given the scrutiny the estate had un- dergone, he was surprised to learn that JPMorgan had not yet found all of his grandmother’s money. “This is amazing,” he said. “They’ve had years.” Abandoned Bank Accounts of Brooke Astor’s Surface, Their Value a Secret A20 Ø N EDITORIALS/LETTERS THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 The United Nations representatives of Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriots respond to a news article, “Race for Gas by Cypriot Rivals Adds to Tensions.” nytimes.com/opinion ONLINE:MORE LETTERS Coming two months before Election Day, the employ- ment report for August is a problem for President Obama. The economy added 96,000 jobs last month, a slow pace that lowered the monthly average this year to 139,000, ver- sus 153,000 in 2011. Even the decline in the jobless rate, to 8.1 percent from 8.3 percent in July, was a disappointment, because it indicated a shrinking labor force as people gave up looking for work. But properly understood, the report should not en- courage voters to support Mitt Romney. That’s because boosting tepid job growth requires stimulative fiscal poli- cy — including spending to rehire teachers and to rebuild schools, roads and other infrastructure, as well as loan modifications for underwater homeowners. Mr. Obama has proposed all of that, while Republicans have blocked such measures and the Republican agenda rejects them. Republicans are even increasingly adamant that the Federal Reserve should do nothing to try to help the econ- omy, with Representative Paul Ryan saying on Friday that monetary easing by the Fed would be a “bailout of bad fiscal policy.” Really? The Fed, if it acts, would be try- ing to compensate for the dearth of fiscal solutions, the re- sult of Republican obstructionism. The Fed chairman, Ben Bernanke, has been explicit in asserting correctly that the ailing housing market and contractionary fiscal policy are the biggest threats to the economy. He has indicated that Congressional action to address those issues would be preferable to more Fed easing. Yet the Republican re- sponse is to tell the Fed to back off. Worse, the Republican agenda misdiagnoses the cause of slow job growth, blaming taxes and regulation, while championing more tax cuts for the rich and deregu- lation of the banks and other businesses as a cure. Those policies, however, are precisely the ones that were in place as the bubble economy of the Bush years inflated, and then crashed, with disastrous consequences. They are the problem, yet they are all that Mr. Romney and his party have to offer. In the meantime, the pain of unemployed and under- employed Americans is all too real. Good jobs, like teach- ing, are being lost, while others, like manufacturing, are getting harder to come by as the global economy slows. In their place are jobs in bars and restaurants and other low- wage activities. Even the college educated are in trouble. In the past year, unemployment among college graduates under age 25 has averaged 8.1 percent, no better than the general population. The situation is worse for high school graduates under age 25, whose jobless rates in the past year have averaged nearly 21 percent. Tax cuts and deregulation will not help them. Federal spending to create jobs, loan modifications to ease debt burdens and further Fed action would. Jobs and Politics Republicans have the wrong answers for fixing the weak job market In a scalding opinion issued on Thursday,Judge Royce Lamberth of Federal District Court rejected new rules imposed by the Obama administration last spring that limit access to counsel for prisoners at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba,who are not actively challenging their deten- tion. Calling the government’s position an untenable chal- lenge to the separation of powers, he said the administra- tion had improperly given itself “final, unreviewable pow- er to delay, hinder or prevent access to the courts, ” which amounted to “executive fiat.” Under the new rules, those not challenging their de- tention would not be guaranteed access to their lawyers. Instead, the military commander of Guantánamo would have “authority and discretion” to decide whether they could meet,and about other matters, like whether lawyers would have access to their own files containing classified information. The judge wrote, “It is clear that the government had no legal authority to unilaterally impose” the new rules. He declared them null and void, saying the court would not abdicate “its great responsibility to guarantee that its doors remain open to these detainees.” The decision keeps in place a court order that has en- sured that all prisoners have access to lawyers and that their lawyers can use classified information, including documents they have produced while representing cli- ents, and can discuss classified information with lawyers for other detainees. Those older rules have worked ac- ceptably for eight years;there is no reason to alter them. Access to the courts “means nothing without access to counsel,” the judge said. Most of the prisoners do not speak English, some are illiterate,and all hail from foreign lands with wildly different legal systems. Their access to counsel is crucial to their right to prove that their deten- tion is lawless. A decade after the first prisoners were taken to Guan- tánamo, “not a single one has been fully tried or convicted of any crime,” Judge Lamberth wrote. He is completely right in his insistence that the administration respect the rule of law. A Court Denounces ‘Executive Fiat’ A federal judge explains the separation of powers to the Obama administration The verdict was long overdue in the pedophile priest scandal, but a Roman Catholic bishop has become the highest-ranking church official found criminally guilty of shielding a priest known to be a threat to children. In a brief nonjury trial, Bishop Robert Finn,head of the Dio- cese of Kansas City-St. Joseph, Mo., was pronounced guilty on Thursday and sentenced to two years of proba- tion for failing to alert law enforcement authorities about a predatory priest he knew was addicted to taking lewd photos of schoolgirls. The conviction was evidence of the growing resolve of secular authorities, however belated, to venture up the hierarchical ladder in their search for accountability. The scandal has led to the dismissal and criminal investigation of more than 700 priests,even as their superiors have been spared — despite years of diocesan scheming to buy off victims and rotate rogue priests to new parishes. Bishop Finn’s conviction was hardly encouraging for the cause of reform, however, since it involved very recent misdeeds — years after church leaders promised tough new policies aimed at preventing cover-ups. The trial record established that Bishop Finn knew about a popular priest obsessed with taking lewd photos of parish schoolgirls. The priest privately admitted this to the bishop, but criminal law authorities were not alerted for five months,until the diocese’s vicar general grew ner- vous and sent word to local prosecutors. In court, Bishop Finn apologized and agreed that fu- ture allegations would be forwarded to the authorities. His misbehavior, however, is a setback to the hierarchy’s ef- forts to repair the church’s reputation. This task was un- derlined in a separate forum last month by Bishop Daniel Conlon of Joliet, Ill.,the chairman of the American bish- ops’ committee for child protection. He said that despite considerable progress with reforms, “our credibility on the subject of child abuse is shredded.” At a minimum, Catholic officials concerned about church credibility should press for the resignation of Bishop Finn for having abetted the scandal. Justice Ventures Up the Church Hierarchy TO THE EDITOR: Re “Character, Not Audacity” (col- umn, Sept. 7): David Brooks suggests that the speakers at the Democratic National Convention offered no “audacious” new and big ideas. Are immigration reform, the Dream Act, investment in infrastructure, in- vestment in public education standards and teachers, investment in research, a balanced plan to reduce the deficit, in- cluding fair taxes for the wealthy, end- ing our war in Afghanistan, and making sure that our veterans are served when they come home small ideas? No, they are the big unfinished busi- ness of our nation. As to the dysfunctional political cli- mate in Washington that Mr. Brooks claims was not addressed, President Obama and other speakers made it clear — “we the people” have a choice to make in November. It’s up to us to change that dysfunctional political cli- mate, and we know what we need to do to make that change: elect representa- tives who believe that our government can and must address the people’s big items of unfinished business. STEVE BELL Kew Gardens, Queens, Sept. 7, 2012 TO THE EDITOR: David Brooks complains that Presi- dent Obama’s speech was not auda- cious enough. But making promises to enact laws and create programs de- pends on bipartisan cooperation. The Republicans have vowed to unseat the president, and if he wins, they may well block any ideas he proposes just to prove that he doesn’t fulfill his prom- ises, as they have in the past. Since passing any of his programs would have enhanced his standing be- fore this election, they were determined to subvert them. There is no reason to expect the Republicans to change their ways to allow another Democrat to win in 2016.ROBERT ZAVOD Haddam, Conn., Sept. 7, 2012 TO THE EDITOR: As I keep reading David Brooks’s col- umns expressing disappointment with President Obama for not articulating the kind of big economic plan that Mr. Brooks thinks he should, I am reminded of a T-shirt frequently worn by students at the University of Chicago, Mr. Brooks’s alma mater: Front: It Works in Practice Back: But Does It Work in Theory? The incremental improvements that the president has achieved have moved us in the right direction, and I believe that they will continue to move us in the right direction. There are too many un- certainties to announce a grand plan that can be scuttled by external events, like what happens in the euro zone. MELISSA TREVVETT Brookline, Mass., Sept. 7, 2012 TO THE EDITOR: David Brooks’s summation that “the next president has to do three big things, which are in tension with one an- other: increase growth, reduce debt and increase social equity” would have been as apt in 1932 as it is in 2012. Those of us out here in the “reality- based community” who insist on learn- ing from our history recognize that the way to achieve these things is through Keynesian deficit spending in the crisis years and repaying that debt in the good times. Since the power to tax and the power to spend don’t belong to our executive, the way to get there — now, as then — is to elect not only a Democratic presi- dent, but a Democratic Congress as well. BARRY HASKELL LEVINE Lafayette, Calif., Sept. 7, 2012 Reviews of the President’s Big Night DADU SHIN Next Thursday, New York will hold a primary elec- tion that will come as a surprise to many voters. This elec- tion is the costly result of a dysfunctional State Legisla- ture, which was incapable of making a sensible decision to hold the state primary on June 26,the primary for Con- gressional seats. The only consolation is that every single vote could make a difference. Here are our recommendations for some important Democratic races in areas where the winner of the prima- ry usually wins the general election: STATE SENATE DISTRICT 27 Parts of Manhattan’s West Side and Lower East Side.The top candidates to re- place Senator Thomas Duane,who is not seeking re-elec- tion, are Brad Hoylman,a former general counsel for the Partnership for New York City, and Tom Greco,who owns a popular gay bar in the district. Both candidates have good business credentials, but we recommend Mr. Hoyl- man, who has the stronger record of public service as a former community board chairman. STATE SENATE DISTRICT 31 Manhattan’s West Side from Washington Heights to Chelsea. Adriano Espaillat, the incumbent, has focused most of his energy recently on running an unsuccessful race to unseat Representative Charles Rangel in Congress.He missed more than 50 per- cent of the votes this year in Albany, and returning there might seem like a consolation prize. His opponent, Assem- blyman Guillermo Linares,is ready to work for the di- verse immigrant communities in this district. He served with distinction on the City Council and as the city’s com- missioner of immigrant affairs under Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Our endorsement goes to Mr. Linares. ASSEMBLY DISTRICT 25 Eastern Queens. Jerry Ian- nece,a lawyer and community leader, has the endorse- ment of the Queens Democratic Party machine. That will make it harder for the real star in this race, Nily Rozic.Ms. Rozic was chief of staff for Assemblyman Brian Kava- nagh.She is credited with helping him push for campaign reforms, including revamping the city’s patronage-ridden Board of Elections and instituting public financing for state candidates. She has the energy and intelligence that Albany desperately needs. We endorse Ms. Rozic. ASSEMBLY DISTRICT 57 Central Brooklyn. Three en- ergetic new candidates are running in this district. Walter Mosley,a lawyer and Democratic Party leader, has most of his party’s backing. Olanike Alabi is also a Democratic Party district leader, who worked for the health care workers’ union. But the winner should be Martine Guer- rier,who has a strong record of working for parents’ rights in New York City schools. She was the schools’ chief family engagement officer, and later joined the staff of Dennis Walcott when he was deputy mayor.As a dedicat- ed community advocate, Ms. Guerrier would bring a strong and fresh voice to Albany. New York’s Thursday Primary ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER JR.,Publisher Founded in 1851 ADOLPH S. OCHS Publisher 1896-1935 ARTHUR HAYS SULZBERGER Publisher 1935-1961 ORVIL E. DRYFOOS Publisher 1961-1963 ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER Publisher 1963-1992 The News Sections JILL ABRAMSON, Executive Editor DEAN BAQUET, Managing Editor JOHN M. GEDDES, Managing Editor TOM BODKIN, Deputy Managing Editor WILLIAM E. SCHMIDT, Deputy Managing Editor Assistant Managing Editors RICHARD L. BERKE MICHELE M C NALLY SUSAN CHIRA JIM ROBERTS GLENN KRAMON The Opinion Pages ANDREW ROSENTHAL, Editorial Page Editor TRISH HALL, Deputy Editorial Page Editor TERRY TANG, Deputy Editorial Page Editor The Business Management SCOTT H. HEEKIN-CANEDY, President, General Manager DENISE F. WARREN, Senior V.P., Chief Advertising Officer, General Manager, NYTimes.com YASMIN NAMINI, Senior V.P., Marketing and Circulation, General Manager, Reader Applications ALEXIS BURYK, Senior V.P., Advertising ROLAND A. CAPUTO, Senior V.P., Chief Financial Officer THOMAS K. CARLEY, Senior V.P., Planning TERRY L. HAYES, Senior V.P., Operations and Labor The New York Times Company ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER JR., Chairman, Chief Executive Officer MICHAEL GOLDEN, Vice Chairman JAMES M. FOLLO, Chief Financial Officer R. ANTHONY BENTEN, Senior V.P. ROBERT H. CHRISTIE, Senior V.P. MARC FRONS, Senior V.P., Chief Information Officer KENNETH A. RICHIERI, Senior V.P., General Counsel LAURENA L. EMHOFF, V.P., Treasurer DIANE BRAYTON, Secretary TO THE EDITOR: Re “A Knuckleballer’s Year” (editori- al, Sept. 7): I disagree with referring to the Mets’ season as poor and one of gloom. In the first half they thrilled us with being in contention despite most pre- dictions; their first no-hitter, by Johan Santana; and R.A. Dickey’s consistent brilliance. The misery accompanying the oft-repeated second-half collapse should be overshadowed by Dickey’s story. As a psychiatrist, I found his book im- portant reading. This is a man who found help that worked for him in deal- ing with traumas and despair. I don’t think it is a coincidence that his im- proved emotional state contributed to superior performance after years of fail- ure to reach full potential. JEFFREY B. FREEDMAN New York, Sept. 7, 2012 The writer is a former president of the New York County branch of the Ameri- can Psychiatric Association. R.A. Dickey’s Renewal TO THE EDITOR: Your reporting on the illegal ivory trade (“Elephants Dying in Epic Frenzy as Ivory Fuels Wars and Profits,” “The Price of Ivory” series, front page, Sept. 4) is a chilling reminder of just how high the stakes have become today for ele- phants in the wild. Our experience on the ground con- firms your reporting that this trade is increasingly tied to organized crime. Money for greater local enforcement is now the most pressing need to combat poachers and the armed wildlife trade syndicates to which they are increas- ingly linked. This holds true whether it is in the Democratic Republic of Congo or right here in New York City, where Cyrus R. Vance Jr., the Manhattan district at- torney, recently prosecuted two jewel- ers selling illegally obtained ivory with a combined retail value of more than $2 million. Unless we start taking wildlife crime seriously and allocate the resources necessary to tackle a sophisticated and well-financed global criminal network, elephants and other charismatic spe- cies will continue their tragic slide into oblivion. ELIZABETH L. BENNETT Jeju, South Korea, Sept. 4, 2012 The writer is vice president for species conservation at the Wildlife Conserva- tion Society. Organized Wildlife Crime TO THE EDITOR: Re “No Penalty for Torture” (editori- al, Sept. 5) and “No Charges Filed in Two Deaths Involving C.I.A.” (front page, Aug. 31): While it is deeply troubling that no criminal charges were filed against American personnel who committed torture, the need and opportunity for ac- countability remain. Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. is correct that broader questions persist. It is President Obama’s responsibility to ensure that they are answered. How did this torture occur? How will torture be prevented from happening again? Accountability requires that our gov- ernment accept responsibility and transparently disclose what happened. The pending Senate Intelligence Com- mittee report on the C.I.A. interrogation program will provide some answers and should be released with the fewest re- dactions possible. Yet, we already know that implement- ing this methodical torture regime was interdisciplinary and interdepartmen- tal, including intelligence, military, legal and medical expertise. A comprehensive, bipartisan, inde- pendent investigation must happen, both for our nation’s moral character and its security. Otherwise, waterboard- ing and torture methods erroneously re- ferred to as “enhanced interrogation” techniques will be back, along with the disgrace and misinformation they yield. ALLEN S. KELLER PARUL MONGA New York, Sept. 5, 2012 The writers are, respectively, director and policy coordinator of the Bellevue/ N.Y.U. Program for Survivors of Torture. After Torture Cases, a Need for Accountability Ø N A21 OP-ED THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Early in his acceptance speech Thursday night, President Obama gave a nod to his administration’s backing of education reform. “Some of the worst schools in the country have made real gains in math and reading,” he said, calling on the country to add 100,000 math and science teachers in the next decade. Then he moved on to other top- ics, like foreign policy and Medicare, that he clearly views as more vital to the campaign as it enters the home stretch. It is hardly a surprise that education isn’t a heated subject in the presidential race. Not when the economy is still slug- gish, and the fight over the role of gov- ernment so central. Besides, Repub- licans and Democrats alike have tried to fix education:George W. Bush with “No Child Left Behind,” and Obama with his administration’s “Race to the Top.” Those “real gains” notwithstanding, progress remains fitful and frustrating. Too many disadvantaged children re- main poorly educated. Too many high school graduates don’t attend —or drop out —of college, which has become the prerequisite for a middle-class exist- ence. Which is why the publication of a new book, entitled “How Children Succeed,” written by Paul Tough, a former editor of the Times Magazine, is such a timely reminder that education remains the country’s most critical issue. In “How Children Succeed,” Tough argues that simply teaching math and reading — the so-called cognitive skills — isn’t nearly enough, especially for children who have grown up enduring the stress- es of poverty. In fact, it might not even be the most important thing. Rather, tapping into a great deal of re- cent research, Tough writes that the most important things to develop in stu- dents are “noncognitive skills,” which Tough labels as “character.” Many of the people who have done the research or are running the programs that Tough admires have different ways of express- ing those skills. But they are essentially character traits that are necessary to succeed not just in school,but in life. Jeff Nelson, who runs a program in partnership with 23 Chicago high schools called OneGoal, which works to improve student achievement and helps students get into college, describes these traits as “resilience, integrity, re- sourcefulness, professionalism and am- bition.” “They are the linchpin of what we do,” Nelson told me. Nelson calls them “leadership skills.” Tough uses the word “grit” a lot. On some level, these are traits we all try to instill in our children. (Indeed, Tough devotes a section of his book to the anxiety of many upper-middle-class parents that they are failing in this re- gard.) But poor children too often don’t have parents who can serve that role. They develop habits that impede their ability to learn. Often they can’t even see what the point of learning is. They act indifferently or hostile in school, though that often masks feelings of hopelessness and anxiety. What was most surprising to me was Tough’s insistence, bolstered by his re- porting, that character is not something you have to learn as a small child, or are born with, but can be instilled even in teenagers who have had extraordinarily difficult lives and had no previous grounding in these traits. We get to meet a number of children who, with the help of a program or a mentor who stresses character, have turned their lives around remarkably. We meet Dave Levin, the founder of KIPP, perhaps the best charter school chain in the country, whose earliest graduates run into prob- lems when they get to college —only 21 percent of them had graduated after six years, according to Tough — and then begins stressing character traits to turn things around. And we also meet Nelson, the founder of OneGoal, which takes disadvantaged students when they are juniors in high school —most of whom believe that col- lege is an unattainable goal — and transforms them into responsible young adults who can succeed in good uni- versities. OneGoal has a “persistence rate,” as Nelson calls it, of 85 percent, meaning that that’s the percentage of students from OneGoal who are making their way through college. (The pro- gram hasn’t been around long enough to have a graduation rate.) By compari- son, nationally, around only 8 percent of the poorest students ever graduate from college. Nelson told me that One- Goal is expanding to Houston next year, and it hopes to be in five cities by 2017. I hope it happens. Tough’s book is ut- terly convincing that if disadvantaged students can learn the noncognitive skills that will allow them to persist in the face of difficulties — to reach for a goal even though it may off in the dis- tance, to strive for something — they can achieve a better life. It is easy to get discouraged about the state of education in America. Maybe that’s why the presidential candidates aren’t stressing it. Which is the other thing about “How Children Succeed.” It’s a source of optimism. Ø JOE NOCERA Reading, Math And Grit Character matters as much as schoolwork (or even more). The presidential nominating conven- tions are over! Really. So. Over. Let’s see if you were paying attention. I. Republican Multiple Choice 1. Shortly before the Republican con- vention opened, a new book quoted Mitt Romney as comparing the Tea Party to: A) A hamster in a cage. B) A dog on a car roof. C) A ferret in a dishwasher. D) A cat up a tree. ***** 2. In a radio interview before the con- vention, Paul Ryan claimed he had once run a marathon in under three hours. In reality, Ryan’s best and only time was just over four hours in the: A) Boston Marathon. B) Run Crazy Horse in South Dakota. C) Frankenthon Monster Marathon in Cedar Park, Tex. D) Grandma’s Marathon in Duluth. ***** 3. Because of the hurricane, Repub- licans had to skip the first day of their convention. As a result, they canceled the Donald Trump “surprise.” Published re- ports speculated that the surprise was going to be: A) Trump attempting to fire an Obama impersonator. B) Trump wandering through the con- vention center, demanding that delegates produce their birth certificates. C) Trump spending quality time with Clint Eastwood’s hairstylist. D) Trump challenging Paul Ryan to a long-distance race. ***** 4. In response to Clint Eastwood’s speech: A) Ann Romney called it “unique.” B) Barack Obama invited Clint to the White House for a reconciliation beer. C) Ann Romney called it “better than Tim Pawlenty’s.” D) Eastwood was offered a cameo role in “The Expendables 3.” ***** II. Match the failed Republican presi- dential candidate with his/her conven- tion role: 1) Newt Gingrich 2) Tim Pawlenty 3) Rick Santorum 4) Ron Paul 5) Rick Perry 6) Jon Huntsman A) Got a four-minute film tribute, then refused to endorse Romney. B) Never showed up. C) Gave a speech about Ronald Rea- gan with his wife reading every other sentence. D) Told Chuck Todd of NBC News that he would “absolutely” consider another presidential race in 2016. E) Gave a speech comparing Barack Obama to “a big tattoo” and “that guy on the Bizarre Foods show.” F) Speech mentioned “hands” 21 times, “Romney” three. ***** III: Democratic Multiple Choice: 1. During the convention, Democrats had two platform controversies, one about Jerusalem, and one about whether to mention: A) All the founding fathers by name. B) God. C) Baseball. D) Mitt Romney’s car elevator. ***** 2. Which of the following is NOT true about the keynote speaker, San Antonio Mayor Julián Castro: A) Has a twin brother who’s running for Congress. B) Political activist mom once called the defenders of the Alamo “a bunch of drunks and crooks and slaveholding im- perialists.” C) Youngest mayor of a major U.S. city. D) Once ran a marathon in under two hours. ***** 3. Addressing the Democratic dele- gates, Scarlett Johansson urged young people to vote and also: A) Berated an empty chair she said was filled with Mitt Romney. B) Reminisced about her humble roots. C) Bragged about the number of push- ups she does in her morning workout. D) Expressed regret that more people did not go to see “We Bought a Zoo.” ***** 4. Besides the usual assortment of mayors, governors, beleaguered work- ers, successful immigrants and former Republicans, the Democratic convention also featured a speech by a: A) Dog who claimed to be a descend- ant of Romney’s beleaguered Irish setter. B) Nun. C) Parade of swing-state moms. D) Mormon who wasn’t Harry Reid. ***** IV. Match the Democrats with his or her convention achievement: 1. Barack Obama 2. Joe Biden 3. Bill Clinton 4. Michelle Obama 5. Harry Reid 6. John Kerry A. Used the word “literally” 10 times in his speech. B. Demanded that Mitt Romney show us his tax returns. C. Made a convention promotion video with Harold and Kumar. D. Prepared remarks: about 3,200 words. Actual remarks: about 5,500 words. E. Stunned the world by exhibiting a sense of humor. F. Failed to mention that Osama bin Laden is dead. ***** Answers: I: 1-C, 2-D, 3-A, 4-A II: 1-C, 2-E, 3-F, 4-A, 5-D, 6-B III: 1-B, 2-D, 3-B, 4-B IV: 1-C, 2-A, 3-D, 4-F, 5-B, 6-E Ø GAIL COLLINS Convention Pop Quiz Forget the enthusiasm gap,let’s focus on the engagement gap. In particular, let’s focus on the gap in the level of media engagement — partic- ularly social media engagement — be- tween President Obama’s campaign and Mitt Romney’s. Obama is on the winning side of that gap. A study earlier this month by the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism looked at how the cam- paigns are using social media this cycle. It found that: “The Obama campaign posted nearly four times as much content as the Rom- ney campaign and was active on nearly twice as many platforms. Obama’s digital content also engendered more response from the public — twice the number of shares, views and comments of his posts.” Obama also has twice the number of Twitter retweets and YouTube com- ments, likes or views as Romney, and nearly 80 percent more Facebook likes, according to the report. Even Obama’s Thursday acceptance speech, which brought a little less pep to the rally than some had hoped, did in- credibly well in social media. According to Twitter’s official blog, the speech “set a new record for political moments on Twitter.” Over all, according to the site: “The Democratic National Convention has driven an incredible amount of Twit- ter conversation since the very first day — through the close of the official pro- ceedings, we have seen more than 9.5 million Tweets sent about the events in Charlotte. Just the final day of the con- vention delivered roughly 4 million Tweets —approximately equal to the to- tal number from the entire Republican National Convention.” Even on television,the Democrats out- performed the Republicans. According to Nielsen, the Democratic convention drew more viewers than the Republicans on each night.And,according to the Holly- wood Reporter, the Republican confab last Wednesday even had the embar- rassing distinction of being outperformed on every station among viewers 18 to 49 years old by the TLC reality show, “Here Comes Honey Boo Boo,” which centers on the family of a 6-year-old pageant queen who says things like “a dolla makes me holla.” (Let’s please have a moment of silence for America. O.K., proceed.) According to a report about social net- work site, or SNS,users issued by the Pew Internet and American Life Project this week: • 36 percent of SNS users say the sites are “very important” or “somewhat im- portant” to them in keeping up with polit- ical news. • 26 percent of SNS users say the sites are “very important” or “somewhat im- portant” to them in recruiting people to get involved in political issues that mat- ter to them. • 25 percent of SNS users say the sites are “very important” or “somewhat im- portant” to them for debating or dis- cussing political issues with others. • 16 percent of SNS users say they have changed their views about a politi- cal issue after discussing it or reading posts about it on the sites. And the report found that many of the president’s strongest supporters are more likely to use social networks for po- litical information. The report noted: “SNS-using blacks are significantly more likely than SNS-using whites to feel that the sites are important for these po- litical activities. And younger SNS users (those ages 18 to 29) are more likely than older site users to think the sites are im- portant in this way.” As Tom Rosenstiel, director of the Project of Excellence in Journalism, told The Financial Times this week, social media users are not truly representative of the electorate — only about 15 percent of the population is on Twitter for in- stance — and conversation on social me- dia “skews young and it skews activist.” But,to me, that seems to be the bene- fit. Who better to do campaign legwork than those with young legs? Who better to do the retail evangelism required to get voters to the polls than the most ac- tivist evangelists? It is too early to say what the Obama campaign’s digital edge will mean on Election Day, but if it can convert virtual engagement into actual turnout, that could turn a tough race into an easy one. As The New York Times’s Nate Silver wrote this week on his FiveThirtyEight blog: “There’s one advantage that President Obama has that Mitt Romney probably doesn’t. If he can get a good turnout from his base, he’ll be the heavy favorite to win in November — even if Mr. Romney gets a strong turnout as well.” In this election, turnout is the ball- game. And since Republicans are doing all they can with voter suppression laws to limit the turnout of people who most often vote Democratic, social media might be a way to help even the score. The Democrats simply have to turn buzz into ballots. “Like, tweet, volunteer, vote,” you might say. Ø CHARLES M. BLOW The Engagement Gap Like,tweet, vote. Twitter Number of all digital posts studied “Post” Partisans Source: Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism Date range: June 4-17, 2012 Likes: 1,124,175 Likes: 633,597 Retweets: 150,106 Retweets: 8,601 Comments/likes/views: 839,933 Comments/likes/views: 399,225 R etweets: 150 , 10 6 404 e tweets: 8, 601 16 Obama Romne y YouTube / views: 83 9,9 3 3 21 /views: 399,225 10 Obama Romne y Website blog 106 55 Obama Romne y Facebook L ikes: 1 , 124 , 17 5 27 L ikes: 633,59 7 34 Obama Romne y By Mark Wolfe S AN F RANCISCO T HE youngest of my three daughters was born around the same time I became a card-carrying medical canna- bis patient. Even though I was only 44, I’d been suffering from occa- sional back pain. I also suffered bouts of stress, compounded by anxiety. The causes were unknown, but there seemed to be a correlation with work deadlines and flying coach with three children un- der the age of 5. Sometimes it got so bad I had trouble falling asleep at night, leav- ing me groggy and irritable. So, in 2010, I resolved to seek medical help. I received a thorough physical ex- amination from my CannaMed doctor, who checked not only my pulse but my blood pres- sure as well. Examining the results, he concluded that I would benefit enor- mously from a cannabis- based treatment regimen and recommended that I use a brownie-based form of the drug to avoid the lung irritation associated with other modes of dose administration. I soon had in my possession a shiny, state-sanctioned medical marijuana ID card, gain- ing me free access to the city’s expanding array of quasi-legal cannabis dis- pensaries. After two years of treat- ment, I can state unequiv- ocally that I feel much bet- ter about pretty much ev- erything. Sure, my back still hurts, but I’m cool with it. But the best part is an amazing off- label benefit I call Parental Attention Surplus Syndrome. Before beginning treatment, I was a dutiful if not particularly enthusiastic fa- ther. Workaday parental obligations were a necessary, unfortunate chore. I was so stressed out by the end of the day that bedtime, with its interminable pleas for more stories, songs, sips of water and potty breaks, felt like a labor to be en- dured and dispatched as quickly as pos- sible. Here is what a typical weekday evening exchange between me and my oldest daughter once looked like: Child: Daddy,can you show me how to make a Q? Father: (sipping bourbon and soda, not looking up from iPad) Just make a circle and put a little squiggle at the bottom. After: Child: Can I watch a video? Father: Why don’t we read a story and then pretend we’re in our own video! Go pick out a book,and I’ll go get the finger puppets. I swear I am a more loving, attentive and patient father when I take my medi- cation as prescribed. Perhaps this isn’t surprising. As anyone who inhaled dur- ing college can attest, cannabis enhances the ability to perceive beauty, complexity and novelty in otherwise mundane things (grout patterns in your bathroom floor, the Grateful Dead, Doritos), while simul- taneously locking you into a prolonged state of rapt attention. You not only no- tice the subtle color variations in your cat’s fur, you stare at them in loving awe for 20 solid minutes. I submit that this can be enormously salutary to the parent-toddler relation- ship. Beyond food, shelter and clothing, what do small children need most from their parents? Sustained, loving, partici- patory attention. Thank you, Doctor. No doubt some of you are tut-tutting that I should use meditation or yoga or Zen mindfulness to achieve this. Point taken, and if I had a full-time staff of cooks and nannies, I’m sure I’d give all that a whirl. But the reality is that my wife and I are raising multiple tots on modest incomes in a small space in a very expensive city. No time for Tantra. And I’m not suggesting that all stressed-out fathers should just get baked. You might even get a ticket for it in some states. And let’s not forget the health risks, which are rumored to pos- sibly exist. I’ve heard that even a small amount of ma- rijuana can impair short- term memory function. It might also affect short- term memory function. But for me, at least, the benefits clearly outweigh the risks. I find the time I spend with my children to be qualitatively different and simply more fun when I take my medicine (always in private, never in front of them, never too much). I am able to become a kid again, to see things through my daugh- ters’ eyes and experience, if I’m lucky, the wonder of each new game, each new object and sound, as they do. Deeply embedded voices of authority in my head do still caution that I may be hurting my kids in ways I can’t see. But I just can’t imagine how it could possibly be worse for them than the consequences of their father’s former stress-fueled frustration and withdrawal. When I’m rolling around the floor with my giggling daughters, clicking into an easy dynamic of goofy happiness and love, I feel it’s just what the doctor ordered. Ø Pot for Parents An amazing off-label benefit: having fun with your children. Mark Wolfe is an art dealer. KRIS MUKAI Child: No, show me! Father: Sweetie,not now, O.K.? Daddy’s tired. It’s different now: Child: Daddy,can you show me how to make a Q? Father: (getting down on the floor) Here, I’ll hold your hand while you hold the pen and we’ll make one together. There! We made a Q! Isn’t it fantastic? Child: Thanks, Daddy! Father: Don’t you just love the shape of this pen? It’s the same with my middle child: Before: Child: Can I watch a video? Father: Of course! Remembering a visit with the English comic actor Stan Laurel toward the end of his life. nytimes.com/opinionator ONLINE:DICK CAVETT A22 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 B1 N SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 S.& P. 500 1,437.92 U 5.80 Dow industrials 13,306.64 U 14.64 Nasdaq composite 3,136.42 U 0.61 10-yr. Treasury yield 1.67% D 0.01 The euro $1.2806 U 0.0169 Personal Business Gift Tax Advice If you’re giving away land to your children, first be sure they can manage it. 5 The F.C.C. is contemplating an auction of UHF spectrum. 4 Stock markets finish their best week since June. 6 Sharon Bowles asks why a woman isn’t on the European Central Bank’s board. 3 Four years after the fall of Leh- man Brothers, and with a presi- dential campaign in full swing, everyone can surely agree on one thing: we shouldn’t risk another financial crisis. But after four years of studies, hearings and round tables, the Securities and Ex- change Commission late last month aban- doned efforts to impose new reg- ulations on money market funds intended to prevent another pan- ic like the one that occurred in 2008 and eliminate the need for a taxpayer bailout of the multitril- lion-dollar funds. The S.E.C.’s proposed changes had the backing of the White House, Treasury officials, the Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, a council of academic experts, The Wall Street Jour- nal’s conservative editorial page, the former Fed chairman Paul Volcker, the former Treasury Sec- retary Henry M. Paulson Jr. — just about every disinterested party who weighed in on the is- sue. So it’s no wonder many S.E.C. staff members were shocked when three of the five S.E.C.com- missioners —two Republicans and one Democrat —indicated they wouldn’t support the pro- posals. It was a rare case of a Democratic commissioner break- ing ranks with the agency’s chairwoman,Mary L. Schapiro, an Obama appointee who is a po- litical independent. “I’m not the crusading type,” a frustrated Ms. Schapiro told me. “This isn’t based on conjecture. We know what can go wrong. We saw what happened with the Re- serve Fund in 2008. There was a broad run on money market funds; credit markets froze.Peo- ple didn’t have access to their money, which was extraordinary. We’re trying to prevent that. And if you’re opposed to government bailouts, you have to support these reforms.” So what accounts for the col- lapse? Though Republicans in Con- gress have generally sided with the mutual fund industry, and the reforms emerged from a Demo- cratic administration, several people I spoke to said it was a mistake to view the outcome through the prism of partisan politics. “It’s not Republicans versus Democrats,” a person in- volved in formulating the propos- als told me. “It’s the mutual fund Influence Of Funds Ended Overhaul Continued on Page 6 JAMES B. STEWART COMMON SENSE Questions and risks remain for money market accounts. By QUENTIN HARDY SAN FRANCISCO — With the personal computer market stalled,Intel, the primary maker of computer chips, warned its in- vestors Friday that revenue would be lower than expected, as would profit margins. The company cited weak de- mand in what had been growing economies, like China. What Intel sells to manufactur- ers like Hewlett-Packard and Dell in the third quarter of the year typically ends up on store shelves and office loading docks in the fourth quarter, inside desk- top PCs, laptops and computer servers in data centers. If Intel feels pain now, it could signal that PC manufacturers are lowering their expectations for the holiday shopping season or are noticing that their business customers have become cautious. The slowdown was not unex- pected, however, and may not re- flect broader economic troubles. The desktop computer market is forecast to shrink this year, as computing becomes a more mo- bile activity, via laptops, smart- phones and tablet computers like Apple’s iPad. Tablets use fewer Intel chips. Intel said that demand for chips in data centers, which form the cloud-computing power- houses to which mobile comput- ers connect, was still strong. Big manufacturers like H.P., while coping with a lower de- mand for traditional products, are managing their manufactur- ing more tightly than ever, keep- ing inventories low while they wait until the last minute to fig- ure out what kind of computers consumers want. Intel, the world’s largest maker of semiconductors, said its third- As PC Sales Turn Down, Intel Trims Its Outlook Continued on Page 2 By WILLIAM MacNAMARA LONDON — Glencore, the world’s largest commodities trader, saved its megamerger with Xstrata from collapse on Fri- day by sweetening its offer for the large multinational mining company. But the deal still re- mains in limbo after Xstrata raised concerns about the re- vised proposal. Under the new terms, Glencore is offering 3.05 of its shares for every Xstrata share, valuing the combined company at $90 billion. The commodities trader had ini- tially agreed to exchange 2.8 shares. Glencore is trying to win over investors as it aims to gain size and scale in an industry increas- ingly under financial pressure. Prices of natural resources have plummeted over worries that demand from important cus- tomers in the emerging markets might be faltering. The situation has weighed on the profits and share prices of major players like Glencore and Xstrata. Earnings at Xstrata dropped by 33 percent in the first half of the year. By teaming up, the two compa- nies would significantly increase the size of their balance sheet, giving them additional firepower to make deals and invest in new projects. They could also use the merger to cut costs and better weather the market volatility. But Qatar Holding, the sover- eign wealth fund of the Persian Gulf nation and Xstrata’s second- largest shareholder, had threat- ened to derail Glencore’s effort. For months, the emirate said it would vote against the deal un- less Glencore improved the terms. Investors were set to vote on the deal Friday morning. Bid to Buy Mining Firm Is Increased At 11th Hour Continued on Page 3 Giving children an allowance al- ways seems like a good idea at first. But just try following through in practice. You need to remember to get ex- act change each week, which may not be easy if you bank online and need a pile of singles. You have to remember to hand over the money to the child on the designated day. You need someplace to put the money — but alas, most piggy banks are terrible, with tiny com- partments you can’t see into to get any sense of how the money is pil- ing up. Using a few separate jars is a fine idea, but if children can get into them, they might reallocate money from the Saving jar to the Spending jar. Or take money to school without telling you and try to buy their way to the front of the lunch line. Or let their friends take some money home from a play- date. All of this hassle has given rise over the years to Web sites that he ran into the usual chores and al- lowance hassles as a father, the big frustration for him was watching his eldest daughter spend real amounts of time in virtual online worlds using real money to buy fake things. With Tykoon, he want- ed everything to be real. While the site, which is aimed primarily at 7- to 10-year-olds, is not a bank and does not tap into parents’ checking accounts, it’s supposed to mimic a bank in some respects. Parents can set an allow- ance level and automatically “de- posit” virtual dollars into three categories, Save, Give and Spend. You can connect earning an al- lowance to the completion of vari- ous chores or tasks. Or, if you’re like me and you don’t want to con- nect chores with an allowance be- cause you believe that children ought to do chores without any ex- pectation of getting paid, you can track tasks and allowance sepa- rately. None of the above is particularly unique. Things get more interest- track chores, allowance, savings and spending. FamZoo, ThreeJars, Count My Beanz, and My Job Chart are a few of the sites that aim to help children and their par- ents. One of the newest to enter the fray is Tykoon, whose two founders are themselves fathers with executive-level experience at companies like LendingTree and Bank of America. And while it’s early days for the service, they seem to have their priorities in or- der in understanding that their ef- forts will succeed only if the prod- uct inspires the right kind of ques- tions with the right kind of fre- quency. “This is not a pill, or three weeks at a gym or a 10-DVD set,” said Mark Bruinooge, the co-founder and a veteran of Bank of Ameri- ca’s digital operations. “It’s a mul- tiyear conversation about how your family uses money. We want it to be part of the family routine.” The idea for Tykoon came from the other co-founder, Doug Lebda, the founder of LendingTree. While Managing a Child’s Allowance, the Online Version ROBERT NEUBECKER Continued on Page 5 RON LIEBER YOUR MONEY By KATIETHOMAS It has become an all-too-familiar story in schools across the country: a child eats a peanut or is stung by a bee and suffers an immediate,life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis. If parents and school authorities know about the allergy and a doctor’s pre- scription is on file, a nurse can quickly give an injection of epinephrine, saving the child’s life. But school nurses in many districts face an agonizing choice if a child with- out a prescription develops a sudden re- action to an undiagnosed allergy. Should they inject epinephrine and risk losing their nursing license for dispensing it without a prescription, or call 911 and pray the paramedics arrive in time? After a 7-year-old girl died in January in a similar case in Virginia,the state passed a law that allows any child who needs an emergency shot to get one. Be- ginning this month, every school district in Virginia is required to keep epineph- rine injectors on hand for use in an emergency. Illinois, Georgia and Mary- land have passed similar laws, and school nurses are pushing for one in Ohio. A lobbying effort backed by Mylan, which markets the most commonly used injector, the EpiPen, made by Pfizer, led to the introduction last year of a federal bill that would encourage states to pass such laws.  Mylan has also lobbied state legisla- tures around the country directly and is passing out free EpiPens this fall to any qualifying school that wants them.  “When a child is having an anaphy- lactic reaction, the only thing that can save her life is epinephrine,” said Maria L. Acebal, the chief executive of the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network. “911 doesn’t get there fast enough.” The efforts are an acknowledgment of the rising rates of food allergies among children and a handful of deaths from al- lergies across the country.In many schools, children carry their own epi- nephrine injectors in their backpacks to use themselves, if they’re old enough, or the devices are stored on their behalf in nurses’ offices. The initiative also has a commercial underpinning: It is part of an effort to raise the profile of EpiPen. Over the last two years, Mylan has invested millions of dollars in consumer advertising and hired almost 100 extra sales representa- tives to help promote the product. Epi- Pen sales are on track to bring in $640 million this year, a 76 percent increase over last year, according to one analyst. Heather Bresch,the chief executive of Mylan, said charity and profit should not be mutually exclusive. “I think this goes to the heart of being PHOTOGRAPHS BY KAREN KASMAUSKI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Diane Voelker, a school nurse in Virginia, with EpiPen kits. Virginia requires its schools to have such devices on hand. Tiny Lifesaver for a Growing Worry The EpiPen’s Maker Invests in Expansion As Allergy Rates In Children Rise EpiPens, and similar devices,give a dose of epinephrine to treat serious aller- gic reactions. Officials say many people who are at risk don’t even know it. Continued on Page 2 B2 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Following are the most popular business news articles on NYTimes.com from Aug. 31 through Sept. 6: 1. U.S. Companies Conduct Fire Drills in Case Greece Exits Euro 2. Money and People Leave Spain as Economic Gloom Deepens 3. Shedding Student Loans in Bankruptcy Is an Uphill Battle 4. Lifesize, a Weight-Loss Strategy From an Unlikely Pair 5. Financial Firms Face Subpoenas on Tax Strategy 6. Bernanke Speech Makes Detailed Case for Fed Action 7. New iPhone Announcement Has Apple Rivals Jostling for Spotlight 8. David Ebersman, the Man Behind Facebook’s I.P.O. Debacle 9. Straightening Out the Work-Life Balance 10. Europe’s Central Bank Moves Aggressively to Ease Euro Crisis And here are the most popular blog posts. 1. Hackers Claim to Have 12 Million Apple Device Records (Bits) 2. Uwe E. Reinhardt: From Physician Glut to Physician Shortage (Economix) 3. Judge Approves E-Book Pricing Settlement Between Government and Publishers (Media Decoder) 4. New Editor at Cosmopolitan: Joanna Coles Replaces Kate White (Media Decoder) 5. Live Updates From Amazon’s Press Event (Bits) ONLINE:MOST POPULAR COMPANY NEWS Garda’s Founder Makes Offer to Take It Private The founder and chief executive of Garda World Se- curity, an armored car and security company based in Montreal, joined forces with a private equity fund to make a $1.1 billion offer on Friday to take the com- pany private. The offer includes the assumption of $625 million in debt. Stéphan Crétier,left, and Apax Partners,the London-based fund, formed a consor- tiumoffering $12 a share. Mr. Crétier founded Garda in 1995 with an investment of $25,000. The consortium’s offer is 30 percent higher than Thursday’s closing share price on the Toronto stock exchange. On the recommendation of a committee of independent directors, Garda’s board has unanimously endorsed the offer. IAN AUSTIN Trulia Says Its I.P.O. Could Raise $96 Million Trulia, the real estate search Web site, said it could raise nearly $100 million in an initial public offering. In a regulatory filing on Friday, the San Francisco-based company said it planned to price its offering of six million shares at $14 to $16 a share. Trulia will sell five million shares, and its stockholders will sell the rest. At the top end of the range, the stock offering would yield $96 million. When Trulia filed to sell shares in July, it said it planned to raise $75 million in the I.P.O., but that was a preliminary figure used to calculate the registration fee. The initial filing was kept confidential under a provision of the JOBS Act, passed last spring. The law allows companies with annual gross revenue of less than $1 billion to file registration statements with the Se- curities and Exchange Commission that do not have to be publicly dis- closed until 21 days before the company’s road show. Trulia, which is backed by investors like Accel and Sequoia Capital,offers free and sub- scription services on real estate listings and housing market in- formation. The company, whose main competitor is Zillow, said last month that it had 22 million monthly unique visitors as of June 30. It said it planned to list its shares on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker TRLA. BEN PROTESS LEGAL NEWS Lenient Sentence Is Urged for Insider Trading Witness A disgraced former Intel executive whose testimony helped convict the hedge fund billionaire Raj Rajaratnam of insider trading crimes de- serves a lenient sentence because of his cooperation with the govern- ment, federal prosecutors said on Friday. In a letter to Judge Barbara Jones, the United States attorney’s office in Manhattan praised the cooperation of Rajiv Goel,the former Intel exec- utive. “Goel substantially helped the government secure a conviction in one of the most significant and high-profile insider trading trials in his- tory,” the letter said. “From the first day of Goel’s cooperation through the present, Goel has been a very important, straightforward and ex- traordinarily helpful cooperating witness.” Mr. Goel, 54, is to be sen- tenced on Wednesday in Federal District Court in Manhattan. He was one of three main government witnesses who pleaded guilty to conspir- ing with Mr. Rajaratnam in a far-reaching insider trading scheme and then testified against him during his trial. PETER LATTMAN TECHNOLOGY NEWS Mozilla Plans a Smartphone Operating System The Mozilla Foundation, which oversees open-source software projects like the Firefox Web browser, ex- pects to release a mobile operating system for smart- phones early next year. Its target market is Latin America, and then the rest of the developing world, where smartphones from Apple and Google are still too expensive for most people. The Firefox models will be one-third to one-sixth the cost of competing models, according to Mozilla and its partners. Mozilla’s main partner is Spain’s Telefónica.“We are looking at a $100 to $115 price point,” said Carlos Domingo, director of product development and innovation at Telefónica Digital. He said the phone’s features would include a sharp camera, a large touch screen and an accelerometer —and, of course, a Firefox browser. QUENTIN HARDY BUSINESS BRIEFING able to do good and do well,” she said. Although no one knows exactly why, the rate of food allergies among children appears to be on the rise. One survey found that in 2008, one in 70 children was al- lergic to peanuts, compared with one in 250 in 1997. “I don’t think it’s overdiagno- sis,” said Dr. Scott H. Sicherer, the author of the report and a re- searcher at the Jaffe Food Al- lergy Institute at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Manhattan. “There really seems to be a dif- ference.” A study last year in the journal Pediatrics found that about one in 13 children had a food allergy, and nearly 40 percent of those with allergies had severe reac- tions. A recent survey in Mas- sachusetts, where schools are permitted to administer epineph- rine to any student, found that one-quarter of students who had to be given the drug for a re- action did not know they had an allergy.But in many schools, em- ployees are not allowed to use epinephrine injectors on children who do not have a prescription. That’s what happened in Janu- ary when Amarria Johnson,a first grader from Chesterfield, Va.,developed a severe allergic reaction. Her mother, Laura Pen- dleton, said Amarria’s allergy to peanuts was known, but the school did not have an EpiPen that was prescribed to her. At the time, school employees were not allowed to use injectors that were prescribed to other children. Another student gave Amarria a peanut during recess, and by the time paramedics arrived, Amarria had stopped breathing and could not be resuscitated, ac- cording to the Chesterfield Coun- ty police. In April, Virginia’s gov- ernor signed a law that lifted those restrictions and required all schools to carry injectors for emergency use. Ms. Pendleton said parents could not police everything their child ate. “You need to have the EpiPens there just in case,” she said. Epinephrine is known as a rel- atively safe drug, with few ad- verse effects if the drug is given when it is not needed. “Our motto has always been in training our staff, if you think epi- nephrine, you give epinephrine,” said Nancy Markley,who over- sees the school nurses and health clinics in the Loudoun County schools in Virginia. Ms. Bresch said schools were just the first step in a plan to make emergency epinephrine in- jectors more widely available in restaurants, airplanes and other public places, much as external defibrillators are today. Mylan has hired consultants who once worked for the device maker Medtronic when it was trying to make defibrillators more widely available. “It’s a complex undertaking and complicated,” Ms. Bresch said. “But I think it’s doable.” Ms. Acebal’s group has not tak- en a position on placing injectors in public places other than schools. Dr. Sicherer said the is- sue became less clear in settings like restaurants, where a waiter might not be able to differentiate between choking, a heart attack or anaphylaxis. “I think that gets to be a little more controversial about upsides and downsides,” he said. EpiPen commands more than 95 percent of the market for epi- nephrine injectors and is so dom- inant that its name has become synonymous with the category it- self. But until recently, Mylan did not do much to sell the product. The company acquired the brand in 2007 as part of deal with the German company Merck. “It became very apparent that there was a lot more we could be doing with EpiPen,” Ms. Bresch said, adding that just 7 percent of people at risk for severe reac- tions carry a prescription for one. Mylan began working with al- lergy advocates and lobbying state and federal politicians to en- act laws permitting the broader use of EpiPens. Politics are noth- ing new to Ms. Bresch: she is the daughter of Senator Joe Man- chin,Democrat of West Virginia. The company also invested in consumer advertising, spending close to $15 million in the last two years on television commercials and other advertising, according to Nielsen. Gary Nachman, an analyst for Susquehanna Financial Group, said EpiPen was “extremely im- portant” to Mylan. He estimated that EpiPen would account for $640 million of Mylan’s $840 mil- lion sales this year in brand- name products, and that sales would continue to grow in the double digits for the next few years. “This is basically the work- horse for them in their branded business,” Mr. Nachman said. Doug Tsao, a pharmaceuticals analyst for Barclays, said Mylan’s efforts in schools had an added benefit. “When the school nurse uses EpiPen, what does the nurse re- fer parents to?” he said. “I think that is absolutely part of the moti- vation.” Two coming events may be giv- ing Mylan pause: in November, Sanofi plans to introduce a rival device, and in 2015, Teva may win approval of a cheaper, generic version of the EpiPen. Sanofi’s product, the Auvi-Q, has a rectangular shape and the added feature of voice instruc- tions to help a user use the de- vice. Teva’s product, if approved by the F.D.A., would closely mim- ic the EpiPen design and, like a generic drug, could be substitut- ed by pharmacists even if doctors prescribed the EpiPen. Dr. Sicherer said the Auvi-Q had potential advantages over the EpiPen, which is shaped like a felt-tip marker and can be awk- ward to carry. Sanofi has boasted that the Auvi-Q is shaped like a cellphone and can slip into a pocket. In addition, “it’s voice- guided,” Dr. Sicherer said. “This is a whole new world.” Ms. Bresch said that because so few people at risk for allergic reactions use EpiPens, there was room in the market for a compet- itor. “There’s still a lot of people that we need to get to,” she said. Ken Cacciatore, an analyst at Cowen & Company, questioned whether parents would be willing to switch to a different brand in such life-or-death situations. “Parents may want the real thing,” he said. JAY PAUL FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Laura Pendleton’s daughter Amarria Johnson, a first grader from Chesterfield, Va.,died after having a severe reaction at school. Investment in EpiPen as Child Allergy Rates Rise From First Business Page KAREN KASMAUSKI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Diane Voelker, right, a school nurse in Virginia, with her assistant, Beth Little. School nurses in some states are not allowed to use injectors, even in an emergency,unless they are prescribed. Device makers lobby for emergency epinephrine injectors in schools. quarter revenue would be $13.2 billion, plus or minus $300 mil- lion. Its previous forecast has been for revenue of $13.8 to $14.8 billion. Intel also said the wors- ening market meant its gross profit margins would fall to 62 percent, from an earlier expecta- tion of 63 percent. “The company is seeing cus- tomers reducing inventory in the supply chain versus the normal growth in third-quarter inven- tory,softness in the enterprise PC market segment and slowing emerging market demand,” Intel said. The PC market has been weak for much of the year, but until re- cently analysts had expected a recovery in the last quarter of the year, after Microsoft releases a new version of its Windows oper- ating system, called Windows 8. Two weeks ago, however, ana- lysts at the International Data Corporation projected that the worldwide PC market would grow by just 0.9 percent this year, to 367 million units. It blamed weaker demand in the usually strong Asia-Pacific market and consumer uncertainty in devel- oped markets. Intel has fought back against the popularity of tablet comput- ers by investing in a category of very lightweight laptops called ultrabooks. The ultrabooks, which can have both the key- board of a laptop and a touch screen like a tablet, were expect- ed in large volumes in the market by the middle of this year. Instead, only a few models have come out, and consumers’ reactions have been tepid. Dell, H.P. and other manufacturers are expected to have many new ul- trabooks on the market in coming months. These products, however, are likely to face a crush of new com- petition not just from Apple, which may announce a new tab- let soon, but Amazon, which on Thursday showed off new models of its Kindle e-readers and tab- lets. Microsoft is expected to have its own tablet, called the Surface, in late October.Several new models of tablets using Goo- gle’s Android operating system are also expected before Christ- mas. With all that on the market at once, along with new kinds of smartphones from Apple, Micro- soft, Samsung Electronics and others, consumers may just ig- nore the late-season ultrabooks. Intel’s problems are “a combi- nation of tablets and a late launch of Windows 8,” said Douglas Freedman,an analyst with RBC Capital Markets.“Ultrabooks should have been out in volume in the first quarter. If you want to fend off the tablet onslaught you don’t try to release products in the third quarter.” He said manu- facturers were now uncertain about what products they needed to make. Among the PC makers, H.P. ap- peared to have the most to lose from the slowdown Intel was sig- naling. Meg Whitman, H.P.’s chief executive, spared workers in Chi- na from companywide layoffs this year because China was seen as a good growth area. A slow- down there, even as H.P. is facing renewed competition from the Chinese computer maker Leno- vo, could affect H.P.’s financial re- sults. Dell, which sells fewer ma- chines in China, would not be as affected by a slowdown there. Dell has also been making efforts to sell more servers for data cen- ters, which remain an area of market strength. Both H.P. and Dell declined to comment on changes in their businesses. As PC Sales Turn Down, Intel Trims Its Forecast DAVID BECKER/GETTY IMAGES Ultrabooks on display at a conference.Intel has invested heav- ily in ultrabooks, but consumer reaction has been tepid. From First Business Page Demand is weak in emerging-market countries like China. N B3 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 While Glencore appears to be moving toward compromise, it is not clear whether the proposed terms will appease Xstrata shareholders. Qatar has not pub- licly weighed in on the deal, and the board of Xstrata has indicat- ed the newprice might still be too low. On Friday, the mining com- pany said Glencore’s proposal “lacks sufficient information on key elements.” The stage is now set for a round of fractious negotiations that could last for weeks. While increasing the price, Glencore also added conditions to the deal, which may not sit well with Xstrata shareholders. Under the proposal, Ivan Gla- senberg, Glencore’s chief execu- tive, would lead the merged com- pany. Previously, Mick Davis, the head of Xstrata, was set to take over as chief executive. Qatar has been supportive of Mr. Davis and his management team. Glencore also wants the option to restructure the deal as a take- over, rather than a merger. By doing so, the company would need only 50 percent of Xstrata investors to agree. Glencore, which already owns 34 percent of Xstrata, would also be able to vote its shares in a takeover. Such a move would greatly dilute Qatar’s sway. “This is now a lot cleaner deal,” said Michael Rawlinson, head of natural resources at Liberum Capital in London. “It’s more of a takeover with Ivan as C.E.O.” While Qatar gave no public in- dication of its support or opposi- tion, Xstrata warned sharehold- ers about the potential problems with the deal. The company high- lighted the “significant risk” if Mr. Davis and his lieutenants did not lead Glencore-Xstrata. Xstrata also said the new ratio offered a premium that was “sig- nificantly lower than would be expected in a takeover.” Xstrata said the bid represented a 22.2 percent premium to its closing price on Thursday. In 35 pro- posed mining deals over the eight years to 2011, the average pre- mium paid was 31 percent, ac- cording an HSBC report pub- lished in February. “It’s interesting that they rec- ommended a deal at 2.8 and now say that 3.05 is not high enough,” said Andrew Keen, mining ana- lyst at HSBC. “Xstrata looks like they’re mounting a defense.” Xstrata’s stance gained sup- port. On Friday, Knight Vinke, the American activist investor, said it “welcomed the Xstrata board’s belated willingness to represent the interests of minor- ity investors.” Knight Vinke sided with Qatar in July, after the emir- ate demanded Glencore improve the merger ratio to 3.25 to 1. Richard Buxton, a fund man- ager at Schroders, told reporters, “We were prepared to accept 3.25, and we hope the Qataris stick to that number.” Schroders owns nearly 1 percent of Xstrata. Other shareholders welcomed Glencore’s offer. “We are sup- portive of the improved terms and the changes to the executive governance arrangements,” said David Cumming, head of equities at Standard Life Investments, a fund manager that owns 1.4 per- cent of Xstrata and 0.8 percent of Glencore. Previously, Mr. Cum- ming had criticized the deal, call- ing the earlier offer inadequate. Xstrata and Glencore repre- sentatives did not say when a new shareholder vote would take place. Glencore must first present a firm offer. The revised deal represents an about-face for a chief executive who has gained a reputation as one of the toughest negotiators in the commodities business. For months, Glencore seemed unwill- ing to budge on its initial bid. Last month, Mr. Glasenberg said that it would be “no big deal” if the merger failed and suggested privately that Glencore could make a new offer for Xstrata next year. The new proposal came togeth- er at the last minute. After fast- and-furious discussions, Mr. Gla- senberg approached Qatar with the deal late Thursday, according to a banker to one of the two com- panies, who spoke on the condi- tion of anonymity. As Glencore shareholders gathered Friday morning in Zug, Switzerland, to vote, Simon Mur- ray, the company’s chairman, ad- journed the meeting, citing devel- opments that had “happened very recently overnight.” After the proposal was unveiled pub- licly, Xstrata adjourned its own shareholder meeting. A few hours later, Xstrata released its critique of the outlined terms. Glencore’s package of new pro- posals is “all about face-saving,” the banker said. A higher offer “was always there as a possibil- ity.” Bid to Buy Mining Firm Is Increased At 11th Hour From First Business Page ARND WIEGMANN/REUTERS The mining company Xstrata’s Mount Isa mine in Queensland, Australia.Glencore adjourned a shareholder meeting on Friday after raising its bid for Xstrata. A sweetened proposal to win over hesitant investors. By JAMES KANTER BRUSSELS — The leader of an influential committee of the Euro- pean Parliament said Friday that a hearing to fill a seat on the ex- ecutive board of the European Central Bank had been post- poned after officials ignored de- mands to develop a plan to pro- mote more women as candidates. “There is now not even a single woman sitting on the main board of what is one of the most power- ful and essential institutions in the E.U.,” said Sharon Bowles, chairwoman of the Parliament’s economic and monetary affairs committee.“The symbolic and practical effects of this absence are not without note.” The central bank’s executive board has not included a woman since last year. Ms. Bowles, who is British, did not set a new date for a hearing to consider the candidacy of Yves Mersch,governor of the Luxem- bourg central bank. She said the committee decided on Thursday to postpone the hearing, which had been scheduled for Monday. Mr. Mersch, known for his hawkish stance on inflation, was nominated by euro area finance ministers in July to succeed José Manuel González-Páramo of Spain. Although the Parliament does not have the power to require that women be considered and is only supposed to play an advi- sory role in selecting board mem- bers, it could hold up the process indefinitely by not giving its opin- ion. That could make the tussle a test case for lawmakers who, like Ms. Bowles, are trying both to give the Parliament more influ- ence over European economic policy and to promote gender equality in top jobs. Recent actions by the central bank, in particular its decision this week to buy short-term debt of vulnerable countries, have only added to its luster as a pre- eminent European institution with enough heft and power to save the euro. A related battle regarding gen- der equity on company boards in Europe is already in full swing. On Monday, Viviane Reding, the European Union’s justice commissioner, made a long- awaited proposal requiring com- panies to allocate 40 percent of seats on supervisory boards to women or face serious sanctions later this decade. But powerful sections of indus- try have warned against quotas, and they have the backing of a number of European countries, including Britain, which began a diplomatic push this week to block Ms. Reding’s proposal in fa- vor of measures already in effect in some member countries. Ms. Reding said her proposal deserved a full public hearing. “Thankfully, European laws on important topics like this are not made by 10 men in dark suits be- hind closed doors, but rather in a democratic process with a demo- cratically elected European Par- liament,which will decide on an equal footing with the council,” she said, referring to the body that represents European gov- ernments in Brussels. Ms. Bowles said she had writ- ten in May to Jean-Claude Junck- er,president of the Eurogroup of euro zone finance ministers and prime minister of Luxembourg, asking him to consider “at least one candidate of each gender” for the vacant post on the executive board. She also asked Mr. Junck- er to develop a medium-term plan to advance women into in- fluential positions at the central bank and in finance ministries. “I have received some verbal assurances that no suitable wom- en could be located, but no formal reply nor answer concerning the medium-term plan,” Ms. Bowles said. “In consequence,it is felt that our concerns have not been addressed in a sufficiently rigor- ous way and that it is not appro- priate to proceed with the hear- ing at this point in time.” THIERRY CHARLIER/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES Sharon Bowles, center, said finance ministers ignored requests for a plan to promote women. JOCK FISTICK/BLOOMBERG NEWS Yves Mersch, governor of Luxembourg’s central bank, is the nominee for an open seat on the European Central Bank board. European Central Bank Hearing Is Put Off Over Lack of Female Nominee By HIROKO TABUCHI TOKYO — A political standoff forced Japan on Friday to post- pone budget spending for the first time in decades, underscor- ing the beleaguered state of the country’s ruling party. The action clouded the country’s economic outlook just as analysts were warning of a slowdown. The cabinet approved a delay, through November, of 5 trillion yen ($63 billion) in public spend- ing, most of that in tax grants for local governments and aid for universities. It was the first time since World War II that the gov- ernment had delayed scheduled spending in the middle of a fiscal year, government officials said. Spending on health care, social welfare, the police and firefight- ers and other vital services were not affected. The ruling Democratic Party had tried to head off a delay by trying to secure support for a bond issuance bill that would fi- nance about 40 percent of its 92 trillion yen ($117 billion) budget for this fiscal year. But a spat with the main opposition Liberal Democratic Party over the timing of the next general election — one in which the Democrats were expected to fare poorly — pre- vented that bill from passing be- fore the end of Parliament’s cur- rent session on Saturday. The government was expected to seek a fresh compromise at a special parliamentary session, probably in October. Addressing the nation Friday, Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda lashed out at the opposition for holding public services hostage. “We are being forced to delay spending to the last minute while trying to protect public liveli- hoods,” Mr. Noda said. “I hope the opposition shares this sense of crisis.” Japan has been forced to rely more on government bonds to fi- nance its spending as a weak economy depresses tax revenue and social welfare expenditures surge to support a rapidly aging population. Servicing its public debt — which is more than twice the size of its economy — has also pressured Japan’s finances, though the finance ministry says it can meet its debt obligations without the bond issuance bill. But Japan’s central bank has already been forced to act, pump- ing about 2 trillion yen ($25 bil- lion) into the market to meet an expected jump in demand as lo- cal governments face delays in getting their tax grants. The delay also cast a shadow over Japan’s economic recovery from its earthquake and tsunami disaster. Some economists warned that the economy could shrink in the third quarter as the slowing global economy took a toll on exports and as subsidies on fuel-efficient vehicles ended. FRANCK ROBICHON/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda in Tokyo on Friday. He criticized the opposition party for thwart- ing a bill that would have financed about 40 percent of the government’s budget for this year. Impasse in Japan Forces Delay in Spending B4 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 A Tooth Fairy App?Believe It Here’s one for the list of tools you can probably live without: An app for iPhones and iPads that helps compute what the tooth fairy should leave for your child. Now, just in case there are any children who are avid Bucks read- ers, I’m not saying that the tooth fairy doesn’t exist — just that he or she may confer with parents to determine the amount of money that is left under your pillow. I am saying, however, that parents who need an app to tell them what value to place on their child’s bicuspids may need to get a life. The app strikes me as appealing to well-meaning parents who compli- cate childhood by over-thinking details that should just be fun. No- body wants to be the parent whose child is “the talk at recess” be- cause of a frugal tooth fairy, Amy Moncarz, a second-grade teacher at Lucy V. Barnsley Elementary School in Rockville, Md., told USA To- day. Visa said a survey it conducted found that the average gift per tooth was now $3, up from $2.60 last year, and that some lucky children got $5 or more a tooth. I tried the tool online at practicalmoneyskills.com.It tells you what children of parents similar to you are getting. My children seem to be faring well; their tooth fairy leaves $2 a tooth, while the average where we live is $1, according to the tool. But did I really need to know that? ANN CARRNS COMMENTS Does the app also include information on type of tooth and the separate rates given on each type? I know our tooth fairy has left a crisp $5 and a book related to teeth or the tooth fairy for the first tooth of each child, and a worn-out single that typically looks like it was found in the lint trap of the dryer for all subsequent teeth. I suspect (though we aren’t there yet) there may be a special bonus for the last tooth as well. Yes, it is ridiculous. Miracles and Magic should not be dictated by an app. Family fun and traditions are too important to be governed by statistics.— Kama, Florida Having been raised in a tooth fairy-agnostic household, I’m not sure I understand. What are kids supposed to do with about $1 from the tooth fairy? I don’t think you can buy anything for that amount nowa- days, except maybe a soda or one fruit at the grocery store or a screw at the hardware store. I’d hope that the kids could at least afford a cone from an ice cream truck with their tooth fairy proceeds! —Bob,NewYork Online Advice On Loans Have you fallen behind on your student loan payments? The Consumer Financial Protec- tion Bureau this summer intro- duced an online tool to help you evaluate your options. The Student Loan Debt Collec- tion Assistant on the agency’s Web site (www.consumerfi- nance.gov) asks questions to help you determine what steps to take if you’ve missed pay- ments or think you may in the future. It starts by asking if you have federal loans,like a Perkins or Stafford loan,or private loans. (If you’re unsure, the site links to the National Student Loan Data System, where you can find the answer.) Federal loans gen- erally have more protections than private loans. If you’ve already missed pay- ments, the tool advises you to contact your loan servicer — the company that collects and keeps track of your payments — to see what can be done to avoid going into default. If you have federal loans, for instance, you should ask your servicer about arrange- ments like income-based repay- ment plans, which may lower your monthly payment. The site says that even if you are in default on a private loan, you have rights: debt collectors cannot garnish your wages with- out a court order or seize your federal or state tax refund. ANN CARRNS COMMENTS Oh what I could do if 75 percent of my monthly pay- check weren’t going toward loans. I’m happy to pay it back because, yes, I borrowed it. But please lower my unreasonably high interest rates given the high loan amounts. — JM, Sacramento, Calif. I inadvertently missed the first three months of payments on my student loans because I was cal- culating the start of my payoff based on my graduation date (August), and the lender was cal- culating it based on the end of my last courses (May). When I moved to start a job in another state, my parents never forward- ed me the mail with the state- ments, so I was just assuming. (Lesson learned on assuming.) When I found out, I immediately paid the past-due balance out of savings and began an acceler- ated payoff schedule — paying off the entire total of my student loans by 25 months after my grad- uation. Last I knew it was still on my credit report. — Mrs. PoP, Florida Options To Avoid Fees Prepaid cards can be a better deal than checking accounts for some people, but the cards need more consumer safeguards, a new report from the Pew Charita- ble Trusts finds. The report divides consumers into three types in terms of their banking expertise: “savvy,” who use direct deposit and avoid fees whenever possible; “basic,” who aren’t as proficient at avoiding fees and have at least one over- draft fee a month; and “inexperi- enced,” who make heavy use of services but typically pay two overdraft fees a month. Then the researchers apply those characteristics to more than 200 checking accounts of- fered by the 12 largest banks, and 52 prepaid cards available online, to see which accounts best suit each category. For savvy consumers, check- ing accounts are the most eco- nomical, with a median monthly cost of about $4, compared with $4.50 for prepaid cards. But pre- paid cards cost inexperienced consumers a median of about $29 a month, compared with $94 for checking accounts. Still, the cards carry myriad fees, and disclosure isn’t uniform. Also, balances on prepaid cards don’t always have clear protec- tion from F.D.I.C. insurance, the report finds. If a bank fails, the agency reimburses depositors up to $250,000. But many companies that offer prepaid cards aren’t banks and don’t hold the funds themselves. Rather, they pool funds in large accounts at a third- party bank, where the money may be covered by so-called pass-through insurance, which may be more tenuous, the report says. The report urges better federal oversight of the cards. ANN CARRNS COMMENTS I prefer a checking account, thank you. But I can imagine a couple of potential uses for a prepaid card. One is paying online to someone you don’t trust; another is paying online with a lit- tle more privacy. (In the “real world,” you can use cash for those things.) — Bob, New York An app helps the tooth fairy decide how much to leave. device specialist at Vanderbilt University, said most of his pa- tients with damaged leads had elected to have them removed. “I think people who have a defibril- lator already have a ‘just fix it’ type of approach,” he said. That was Jacob Everidge’s atti- tude. Mr. Everidge, a 23-year-old from Athens, Ala.,who has a con- dition that thickens the heart muscle, had his Riata removed by Dr. Rottman on Aug. 20.“I would much rather go ahead and get it out,” he said. “It wasn’t even a decision.” For now, Ms. de Groh said,she will follow her doctor’s advice to wait and see if Avery’s lead be- gins to fail. But that raises other painful questions. Should the de Grohs cancel a family vaca- tion in the Catskills, where they’ll be a half-hour from the nearest hospital? Can they send Avery to a sleepover? “As a mom of a fourth grader,I’ve got to send her to school,” said Ms. de Groh, a nurse in McHenry, Ill., a small town northwest of Chicago. But “for her not to be in my sight at all times is scary.” Ms. de Groh and all three of her children were born with Long QT syndrome, which can cause their hearts to beat abnormally. She has a defibrillator made by Boston Scientific. Her 5-year-old son, Oliver, has the Durata,a newer lead made by St. Jude, whose safety has also been ques- tioned recently. Her younger son, 3-month-old Monty, is too young for the operation,but he will eventually need a defibrillator, too. Because of her family histo- ry, Ms. de Groh has traveled twice to Washington to lobby law- makers on device safety, but said she learned of the Riata recall only in August,after reading a newsletter written by a patient advocacy group. She said she was angry at the F.D.A. and St. Jude for not con- tacting patients directly. “When something is implanted in a body, especially a child’s body, how can I find out about it through a newsletter?” she asked. Avery’s doctor, Marc Ovadia, said he chose not to tell Ms. De Groh about the recall because Avery’s lead is functioning “perfectly” and replacing it would require cracking open her chest. Telling patients about the recall, he said, could lead to unnecessary worry. “We want to make sure before we yell ‘fire’ in a crowded theater that this is fire,” he said. Still, he said, he regrets that Ms. de Groh found out about the recall the way she did. “These are tough, tough issues,” he said. Mrs. de Groh’s frustration ech- oed that of consumer advocates who have criticized manufactur- ers and the F.D.A. for what they said was inadequate testing of medical devices before approval and a chaotic system for identify- ing problems once they are on the market. In one example of the conflict- ing information about the de- vices, St. Jude reported last No- vember that the problem with the Riata leads was affecting less than 1 percent of patients. But an internal report by an F.D.A. em- ployee that month challenged that assessment, arguing that the company was underestimating the problem. The agency did not publicize the report, which was obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request and pro- vided to The New York Times by a lawyer whose client is suing St. Jude. The F.D.A. analysis proved to be correct: in July,a new St. Jude study found that the Riata showed signs of failing in 19 per- cent of patients. The F.D.A. declined to com- ment on the report, other than to say that it was not unusual for the agency and the manufacturer to evaluate safety risks differ- ently. Mitchell Shein,a manager in the F.D.A.’s division of cardio- vascular devices, said deciding when to communicate with the public was often a tough call. “We’re very, very cautious to en- ter the public discourse on a med- ical issue unless we think we have something to add to that,” he said. In addition to its recommenda- tions that all patients with the Ri- ata undergo imaging tests, the agency also ordered St. Jude to conduct additional studies on the Riata, which is no longer sold, and the Durata. Both were de- signed to be thinner than compet- ing leads sold by Boston Scientif- ic and Medtronic, making them easier to guide through blood vessels. The Durata is made with a new coating that the company said seemed to have fixed the issue, but a study by a leading heart re- searcher has recently called that into question. When a defibrillator is implant- ed, the lead is threaded through a blood vessel until it reaches the heart. In time, scar tissue can build up around it, making re- moval risky. The agency advised against removing the leads pre- emptively and said patients who had not experienced problems should undergo regular monitor- ing. Some doctors have challenged the recommendation against rou- tinely removing the leads, argu- ing that they can cause other problems when left in, like in- terfering with replacement leads. “There are potential risks associ- ated with all options,” said Dr. Laurence Epstein, a heart device specialist at Brigham and Wom- en’s Hospital in Boston. Dr. Ovadia, a heart device spe- cialist at Advocate Lutheran Gen- eral Children’s Hospital outside of Chicago, said he did not know that the F.D.A. was recommend- ing that all Riata patients un- dergo imaging tests until a re- porter told him about the agen- cy’s advice. And he said a St. Jude sales representative did not inform him of the new recom- mendations in a conversation in late August. A St. Jude spokeswoman said the company notified doctors about the F.D.A. recommenda- tions in a letter posted to its Web site, which it also sent to St. Jude field representatives. The letter explained the F.D.A.’s position on imaging, but also noted the issue was “complex and needs to take into account additional patient circumstances.” In a separate statement, St. Jude said the company “contin- ues to work closely with the F.D.A. and communicate impor- tant information with accuracy and integrity in a timely manner to inform patient care.” Ms. de Groh said her thoughts had been turning to her baby, Monty. For now, he takes beta blockers to regulate his heart- beat. Common sense would tell her that he should receive a defi- brillator when he is old enough. After all, medical devices fail in only a tiny percentage of cases. “They’re supposed to save their life, but all it’s done in our family is cause problems,” Ms. de Groh said. “So you’re really conflicted as a parent on how to treat your kid if these devices are going to constantly be a source of fear and worry.” JOHN GRESS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES The de Groh family, Alex, 5-year-old Oliver, 3-month-old Montgomery, Molly and 9-year-old Avery at their home in McHenry, Ill. An Unpredictable Danger Looms Close to the Heart From Page A1 Broken defibrillators pose a risk; so does trying to fix them. WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The Federal Communications Commission will meet at the end of the month to discuss rules for an auction where broadcasters will sell spectrum to wireless car- riers, the agency’s chairman said on Friday. The F.C.C.has been asked by Congress to encourage broad- casters to sell UHF,or ultrahigh frequency,spectrum, which is great for mobile data, to wireless carriers that have complained about a lack of available spec- trum as United States consumers use increasingly more data. Through the auction, broad- casters would be encouraged to sell spectrum they do not use, share with other broadcasters to free up spectrum or move to VHF,or very high frequency, which is good for broadcasters but inadequate for mobile phones and data streaming. “To ensure ongoing innovation in mobile broadband, we must pursue several strategies vigor- ously: freeing up more spectrum for both licensed use and for un- licensed services like Wi-Fi; driv- ing faster speeds, greater capaci- ty, and ubiquitous mobile Inter- net coverage; and taking addi- tional steps to ensure that our in- visible infrastructure for mobile innovation can meet the needs of the 21st century,” the agency’s chairman, Julius Genachowski, said in a statement. Mr.Genachowski began circu- lating proposed rules to other commissioners on Friday, with plans to discuss the proposal at a Sept. 28 meeting. The agency hopes to complete the rules in the middle of next year and hold the auction in 2014, an F.C.C.official said. The official declined to put a dollar value on the potential sale, saying it would vary widely de- pending on what spectrum broadcasters were inclined to give up and how much wireless companies would be willing to pay. The National Association of Broadcasters has been pushing to ensure that the spectrum auc- tions are entirely voluntary for broadcasters and that any re- arrangement of spectrum is done in a way that does not hurt any broadcasters. Julie Kearney,vice president for regulatory affairs at the Con- sumer Electronics Association, praised the agency’s action. “The auctions will yield innu- merable benefits for American consumers to access wireless broadband and ensure that de- vices such as smartphones and tablets can continue to connect to those networks,” she said in a statement. F.C.C. Moving Forward on a UHF Spectrum Auction DANIEL ROSENBAUM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Julius Genachowski, chairman of the F.C.C.,said that more spectrumneeded to be freed up. Congress wants broadcasters to share, or move to VHF. N B5 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 PERSONAL BUSINESS ing, however, when children want to cash out. They can make a request to their parents to use money from their “Spend” account in Tykoon’s Amazon- .com store or take money from their “Give” account for a charity. At that point, parents pay with their own credit cards and Tykoon subtracts the virtual money from the proper categories. Tykoon handpicks products and non- profit groups for children to choose from, which is annoying if your children want something that Tykoon hasn’t preapproved or are fond of a cause that the site does not list. The upside, howev- er, is that children don’t end up in the sex toy aisle at Amazon. In fact, chil- dren can’t do a single thing — move money, mark a chore as complete or buy anything — without a parent ap- proving or confirming it. Still, why such a strong focus on actu- al transactions? To Mr. Bruinooge, chil- dren under 18 are perhaps the largest unbanked population in the United States. But his target market is one that will not make deposits until they have their first regular jobs. “Tykoon is the bank of mom and dad until you trans- act,” he said. “So we wanted to allow kids to have everyday experiences that they can learn from.” Striving to make enough to buy or give (or earn extra privileges, like more television or Internet time, which is an- other option) turns out to be a compel- ling enough proposition that some par- ents find themselves getting requests from their children via Tykoon for more chores to complete. That ought to warm any parent’s heart, at least at first glance. But here’s the uncomfortable thing about it: Those requests may well come via an e-mail generated by Tykoon on a computer or tablet or smartphone that your child was using, not via an actual conversa- tion. To me, the biggest mark against sites like this is that they make money less tangible. Children ought to learn to han- dle it and count it and watch it grow slowly over time in piles inside a see- through storage container. They need to resist (or give in to) the temptation to take it out and blow it all or lose it by ac- cident. At least, they ought to do all of this for a couple of years after starting to receive an allowance. And as much as I love automating my own financial life, one reason sites like Tykoon haven’t quite set the world on fire yet may be that plenty of parents want to keep their children away from screens if the real-world alternative, like a jar,is a reasonable one. “I’m not trying to win a battle for screen time,” Mr. Bruinooge said. “I’m trying to create a utility. The most time one would spend on the site is to see what’s in the Tykoon store.” That’s a fair point, though the toolish- ness of Version 1 of the site is what gives a few other experts pause. Sara Fenske Bahat, a former banker and reg- ulator who is working on a technology start-up related to families and money, worried that Tykoon felt more like a task management site than a money site. “I realize you have to start some- where and that it makes sense to begin with the parents,” she said. “But to me, it’s like TurboTax. It’s very spread- sheet-y.” A new version of the site should fix some of this. Neale Godfrey, the author of the clas- sic children-and-money book “Money Doesn’t Grow on Trees,” wondered why Tykoon didn’t take more of a gamelike approach. “A typical kid is out there playing Angry Birds,” she said. “So how do you get the eyeball of that child as a parent and say to them that ‘This is what I want you to do?’” Ms. Godfrey has her own answer to the question, an app coming out next month called Green$treets: Unleash the Loot, that is intended to both entertain children and teach them about money while connecting parents and other grown-ups to the endeavor. It’s aimed at 5- to 8-year-olds. “I went with the little ones, because the older ones are an im- possible group,” she said. Mr. Bruinooge said that Tykoon was already planning on bringing in some game-design talent to help make the ex- perience more engaging. To pay for it, he’s exploring business models beyond the small payment Tykoon gets as an Amazon affiliate. One likely possibility is to partner with major banks that would pay to of- fer their own versions of Tykoon, some- thing that FamZoo is already doing with credit unions. Tykoon’s founders and their investors have tentacles into many of the biggest for-profit banking institu- tions, and partnering with any one of them, if it happens, could put the site squarely in front of untold numbers of parents. In a perfect world for those custom- ers, graduates of Tykoon with, say, five years of good behavior under their belts would one day be eligible for no-fee checking accounts or a rock-bottom rates for private student loans. But in reality, teenagers and college students are among the most error- prone of all banking customers. The best test of all for sites like Tykoon will be whether their heavy users learn to be so patient, persistent and thrifty that they make no money mistakes at all as young adults. Managing a Child’s Allowance, the Online Version MICHAEL FALCO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Mark Bruinooge, foreground, with his team at Tykoon, a money management site for children. He hopes to add games to make the site more engaging. From First Business Page By PAUL SULLIVAN S OME wealthy people will have to make a decision soon if they are to take advantage of the $5.12 million gift tax exemption that is due to expire at the end of the year. Cash is always the easiest way to take advantage of the exemption, but few wealthy people want to give that much money away lest they need it at some point. Property, on the other hand, has several virtues. Its value may be de- pressed now,but it is likely to go up by the time heirs get control.In addition, some wealthy people view property as a way of keeping the family together. But giving a second home as a gift can be more complicated than people often expect, wealth advisers say. Other types of property,like timberland, farms or buildings,are a better option, advisers say, because they generate in- come. Still, they also present an intrigu- ing problem beyond how to take advan- tage of the tax break: how do you make sure the property is well managed for the next 50 years? This is something the family that Mark Schleicher married into has been contemplating for 90 years. He said that his wife’s family acquired 33,000 acres in southwest Florida when they lent a timber baron some money and he de- faulted on the loan. The land, on the bor- der of Sarasota and Manatee Counties, was held in trust and more or less sat there. The family, whose money came from the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company, had hired a manager to operate it as a ranch, mostly for running cattle, grow- ing citrus trees and mining shells, which were used for road construction. But in the 1990s, the family decided that the land was being mismanaged and sought advice on how to develop it, Mr. Schleicher said. Since then, they have turned a quarter of the land into Lakewood Ranch, a planned community with 7,500 homes, four million square feet of commercial space and amenities that include golf courses, soccer fields and a polo field. “We’re taking great pride in doing this project,” said Mr. Schleicher, who is a board member of Schroeder-Manatee Ranch or SMR, the family holding com- pany that owns Lakewood Ranch and other businesses on the property. “It’s not about squeezing the last nickel out of the thing. It’s about creating a really first-class community that we can all be proud of, and it’s our legacy, really, as a family.” This, of course, is the reason people leave property in trust. Cash can be spent and so can stocks and bonds,after they are cashed in. But land is meant to keep everyone together generation af- ter generation. So why, then,do these plans often fail? Not surprisingly, many of them are hatched too quickly or without any ad- vice from the people who are going to benefit from the property but also have to manage it. “When parents don’t communicate well, that’s when things don’t work out,” said Peter E. Lang, a managing director at HighTower Advisors, a wealth man- agement firm. “The more complicated the asset, the more planning;that’s when you need to get the kids involved.” This particularly applies to property, whether it is a vacation home, undevel- oped land or a vast planned community. It comes with the obligation to manage it,whether providing simple upkeep or making larger economic decisions. Scott J. Cooper, managing director in the wealth structuring group at Merrill Lynch, said there had been a lot of inter- est in putting vacation homes in trust to take advantage of the gift tax exemp- tion, but he said homes were not always an ideal asset, particularly when sev- eral children and spouses would use one house. “Anyone who has ever shared a dorm room with another person probably has a point of view on this,” he said. “First of all,there is the issue of,do the kids real- ly want it? Then,you have all the chal- lenges of a time share. When it’s time to remodel the kitchen, do you go with granite countertops or Formica? That gets pretty dicey.” Mr. Lang said that even when clients navigated these issues smoothly,there was usually compromise. He recalled a client who left her Cape Cod beach house to her twin daughters. One lived around Boston and used it all the time; the other lived outside New York and had little interest in making the five-hour drive. But they agreed to own it jointly and split the expenses be- cause the New York daughter worked in the family business and benefited from that in a way her sister could not. “They were just very open about it,” Mr. Lang said. With a property like Lakewood Ranch, which generates income but also requires investment to keep building it out, the intrafamily discussions are big- ger and carry greater financial conse- quences. “Real estate is very personal,” said Michael E. Papierski, senior vice presi- dent at Northern Trust and a board member of SMR. “People don’t look at it anything like stocks and bonds. They look at how it’s going to be managed in the future.” His firm manages various properties owned in trust, including a ski resort,a Manhattan office building and a recre- ational complex in Michigan. He said a big issue that divided families was whether the property should be run to generate income in the short term for current beneficiaries or managed so that its value increased over time. The answer usually depends on what kind of beneficiaries they are. A second spouse who receives only the income from a trust is not going to feel the same about managing the property as chil- dren from the first marriage who will pass it on to their children. In the case of Lakewood Ranch, Mr. Schleicher said the families used a com- bination of cash flow and borrowing to build out the community. Doing so re- quired agreement not just among the 12 board members but also among the larger family. “The family generally has a unified opinion that this is a legacy asset,” Mr. Papierski said. “They see the long-term benefits and value that can come from this property.” But that also raises the question of what happens when the number of de- scendants increases over time and there are more, but smaller, ownership stakes.Mr. Schleicher said that two or three families controlled Lakewood Ranch and that he had involved his chil- dren so they would know what was go- ing on when their generation took over. This is not the norm. Mr. Papierski said Northern Trust used to manage an office building that was owned in trust with 25 beneficiaries who often dis- agreed. In that case, he said the benefi- ciaries got lucky: they were able to sell the building back to the developer, al- lowing the trust to simply distribute cash to the beneficiaries. More often, family members will struggle to sell their stakes in a prop- erty. Mr. Cooper at Merrill Lynch said he advised clients to put provisions in trusts so that children could sell their shares to other family members. “The trust also needs the mechanism to buy a beneficiary’s interest out, if ev- eryone has a different position in life and there’s a disparity in income,” he said. The rich brother, he said,“should be able to find a way to buy out his brothers’ interest.” “But it’s hard to force people to do it,” he said. On an income-generating property, Mr. Cooper said,the same issues can arise when siblings or cousins are seek- ing money from the trust. “I don’t care who you are, if your brother is getting a $25,000 distribution because there was some excess cash in the building, every- one wants a $25,000 cash distribution,” he said. When it works out well, though, prop- erty can indeed keep a family together. Mr. Schleicher said he thought the fam- ily had succeeded in sticking together because no one depended on the income from the property. “It sat there for 70 years,” he said. “There wasn’t any income there. So this is kind of like a newfound income stream, if you will.” In the 10 years that he has been in- volved in managing the property, he said the family had gotten along. “We’re all in the same boat and pulling in the same direction,” he said. But he said it would take an addition- al 30 or 40 years for Lakewood Ranch to be completed. And that’s a long time for any boat to stay the course — some- thing for others to keep in mind. WEALTH MATTERS Family Property Means Managing for a Legacy HERB SWANSON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Mark Schleicher at home in Vermont. His wife’s family is developing thousands of acres of land it owns in Florida. Compromise and cooperation are crucial in shared assets. B6 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 industry and its allies versus the American taxpayer.” For many in the mutual fund industry, 2008 seems both a dis- tant memory and the equivalent of a 100-year flood, something un- likely to be repeated. But just four years ago, on Sept. 16, 2008, shortly after Lehman Brothers collapsed,the Reserve Fund, the nation’s oldest money market fund, “broke the buck” and set off a run on the global money fund industry. Money market funds — con- venient, higher-yielding and sup- posedly ultrasafe alternatives to deposits at banks — are a main- stay of the mutual fund industry, offered by all the major fund fam- ilies. They typically invest in short-term, low-risk assets (like United States Treasuries and highly rated commercial paper), and with the blessing of regula- tors, each day they report a sta- ble net asset value of $1 a share. That’s convenient for tax pur- poses (there are never any re- portable gains or losses),and it promotes the idea that these funds are risk-free because the reported value never fluctuates. In reality, this has always been an illusion, or what Ms. Schapiro calls a “fiction.” Even short-term assets may fluctuate as interest rates change, even if the moves are very small. And they can also fluctuate because of credit risks. That’s what happened to the Re- serve Fund: it owned $785 million in Lehman Brothers’ commercial paper. When the value of Lehman Brothers debt collapsed, there was no way the Reserve Fund could claim that its shares were worth $1, even using generous rounding and averaging tactics to mask shifts in value. When the Reserve Fund admitted its shares weren’t worth $1, invest- ors panicked and began a run on the fund. The Reserve Fund froze its assets and no one could get their money out, even though the actual net asset value was only a few cents less than $1. The run quickly spread to oth- er money market funds. Funds were frantically trying to unload commercial paper and other as- sets to raise cash. Major corpora- tions that rely on commercial pa- per to cover day-to-day opera- tions found themselves unable to issue new securities as the mar- ket teetered on collapse. Secre- tary Paulson fielded phone calls from chief executives alarmed that they might be unable to meet their payrolls. The run on the Re- serve Fund and other money market funds took the financial crisis straight from Wall Street to Main Street. I remember that week vividly because I relied on a money mar- ket fund for cash. When I needed some, I went to an A.T.M.and tapped in my access code. I didn’t even have a conventional bank account and prided myself on my modern approach — until I woke up the morning after the Reserve announcement to face the pros- pect that I might not have access to any of my money. In the many years I’d been relying on my money market account, such a calamity had never crossed my mind. Those old-fashioned gov- ernment-insured bank accounts suddenly looked appealing. Like many others, I was saved by Treasury and Federal Reserve officials who concluded that money fund assets would be backed in their entirety by the full faith and credit of the United States. The move stopped the run in its tracks. The commercial pa- per market came back to life, bor- rowing costs eased, and A.T.M.’s kept dispensing money to people like me. Though largely unsung at the time, it was an important step that staved off a global fi- nancial collapse. It also made American taxpay- ers liable for over $3 trillion, the total assets held by money mar- ket funds at the time. It dwarfed the size of the subsequent TARP bailout, which was $750 billion. And even though policy makers across the political spectrum vowed that such a thing could never happen again, the failure of the S.E.C.’s draft proposals last month means that American tax- payers could again be liable for trillions of dollars in assets. To prevent this, the S.E.C.pro- posed two major reforms. The first was to report money market fund values the way every other fund does, which is the actual net asset value, or N.A.V., not some- thing rounded to $1. The idea is that investors would become ac- customed to and comfortable with slight changes in values. The net asset values of many short-term bond funds fluctuate modestly, and there aren’t any panics or runs just because their value declines a penny or two. The second was to require fund sponsors, if they wanted to main- tain the stable $1 value, to start holding cash reserves. The mutual fund industry ral- lied against the proposals and lobbied fiercely to defeat them. The industry’s self-interest is ob- vious: the proposals impose costs and additional regulations. More fundamentally, why would- n’t the industry and money mar- ket fund customers love the sta- tus quo? They get all the benefits of an implied government guar- antee while taxpayers assume all the risk. Several people com- pared the situation to the way the mortgage industry fiercely sup- ported Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac before the financial crisis made the government responsi- ble for them. But is it only naked self-inter- est that explains the industry’s opposition? I spoke to John S. Woerth, a spokesman for Van- guard, which is the largest mutu- al fund company and, as a non- profit company, can usually be relied upon to act in the best in- terests of its customers. Van- guard has strongly opposed the S.E.C.’s reform efforts. “We believe the proposals, if implemented, would end money market funds,” Mr. Woerth told me. “Our clients want a stable N.A.V. They write checks, pay their bill from these accounts. Would every one of these now be a taxable transaction based on gains and losses? That’s untena- ble.” As for the capital require- ment, “It would be onerous and raise costs, which would have to be passed onto our clients.” He noted that Vanguard’s Prime money market fund this week was yielding just 0.4 percent and additional costs would bring it close to zero. He noted that many fund companies were already waiving expenses to keep the funds’ yields above zero, and said that additional costs were not sustainable. Vanguard has also argued that the 2008 crisis set off by the Re- serve Fund was a liquidity crisis, and that reforms already adopted in 2010 address that issue. The S.E.C.counters that its job isn’t to ensure the survival of money market funds, but to pro- tect Americans from another Re- serve-type crisis, which remains possible unless there are further changes. Even John C. Bogle, Vanguard’s 83-year-old founder and former chairman, broke ranks with the company and of- fered support for the S.E.C.’s pro- posed reforms. In a recent inter- view, he told The Associated Press that the stable $1 value is an “illusion” and that money market funds pose “one of the major risks in the mutual fund in- dustry.” Mr. Woerth responded:“John Bogle speaks his mind on any is- sue and always has. He’s an icon- oclast and a rabble-rouser.” Ms. Schapiro told me she won’t raise the issue again with the cur- rent commission.So the debate now shifts to the Treasury, Fed- eral Reserve and Financial Sta- bility Oversight Council for fur- ther study. But any action could be years away. And given the re- cent fate of the S.E.C.’s four-year effort and the fund industry’s clout in Washington, it may never happen until the next crisis is upon us. Influence of Money Market Fund Companies Ended an Overhaul PETER FOLEY/BLOOMBERG NEWS John C. Bogle, founder of the Vanguard Group,supported changes proposed by the S.E.C. SAUL LOEB/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES The S.E.C. chairwoman, Mary Schapiro,dropped an overhaul for money market funds because commissioners did not agree. From First Business Page Concern about an industry after the 2008 financial crisis. By Reuters Stocks in the United States held steady at four-year highs on Friday, closing out their best week since June as a disappoint- ing jobs report fueled expecta- tions that the Federal Reserve would act to stimulate the econ- omy next week. The Standard & Poor’s 500- stock index closed higher,but strength in both the Dow Jones industrial average and Nasdaq was limited by the blue chips Intel and Kraft, both of which is- sued warnings on their profit out- looks. In the employment report, non- farm payrolls in August showed growth of only 96,000 jobs, well under the 125,000 expected. The tepid increase added to expecta- tions that the Fed would an- nounce additional stimulus after its policy meeting on Thursday. Until then, investors could be in a holding pattern. “There’s no way to sugarcoat how disappointing the jobs num- ber was, and as it reinforces the view the economy is lagging, that puts more pressure on the Fed to act,” said Joseph S. Tanious, glo- bal market strategist at J.P. Mor- gan Funds in New York. “I absolutely think stocks still have room to grow from here, but there will certainly be disappoint- ment if we don’t get direction from the Fed next week,” he said. The expectations of central bank intervention, both by the Fed and the European Central Bank, fueled a rally that took the S.& P. 500 to its highest level since January 2008 and pushed the Nasdaq to a 12-year high on Thursday. The gains were fueled by the European Central Bank’s deci- sion to introduce a potentially un- limited bond-buying program to lower the borrowing costs of struggling euro zone countries. “This was a very bold and un- orthodox move by the E.C.B., and it appears to be more important for stocks than the payroll report, another example of how Europe is impacting the U.S. with a vengeance,” said Marco P. Priani, vice president at Advisory Re- search in Chicago, which has about $10 billion in assets. Energy and financial shares were among the day’s strongest, lifted as investors bought shares in areas tied to the pace of eco- nomic growth. ConocoPhillips rose 1.5 percent to $56.64,while Noble Energy rose 2.4 percent to $91.50. Bank of America surged 5.4 percent to $8.80. The Dow ended up 14.64 points, or 0.11 percent, at 13,306.64. The S.& P. 500 was up 5.80 points, or 0.40 percent, at 1,437.92. The Nas- daq was up 0.61 point, or 0.02 per- cent, at 3,136.42. The Treasury’s benchmark 10- year note rose 3 / 32 , to 99 20 / 32 , and the yield fell to 1.67 percent from 1.68 percent late Thursday. For the week, the S.& P. was up 2.2 percent while the Dow rose 1.6 percent and the Nasdaq in- creased 2.3 percent. Shares of Pandora Media fell 17 percent to $10.47 after reports that Apple was in talks to license music for a radio service like the one Pandora operates. Intel cut its third-quarter reve- nue estimate and withdrew its full-year forecast, saying demand for its chips declined as custom- ers reduced inventory and busi- nesses bought fewer personal computers. Shares of Intel, the world’s largest chip maker,fell 3.6 percent,to $24.19,while the Philadelphia Semiconductor In- dex lost 0.8 percent. Kraft Foods gave earnings forecasts for the two companies it will split into next month that dis- appointed analysts. The stock, which like Intel is a Dow compo- nent, fell 5.5 percent to $39.99. The jobs report showed the un- employment rate dropped to 8.1 percent,from 8.3 percent in July, but the improvement was largely because more workers gave up the search for a job. Material shares were among the strongest of the day after Chi- na approved $157 billion in infra- structure spending in a move to energize an economy that has re- cently shown signs of slowing. AK Steel Holding surged 7.6 per- cent to $5.78,while James River Coal added 5.3 percent to $2.76 and Alpha Natural Resources soared 17 percent to $6.90. About 65 percent of companies traded on the New York Stock Exchange closed higher while 56 percent of Nasdaq shares ended higher. Volume was light, with about 6.44 billion shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange and Nasdaq, below last year’s daily average of 7.84 billion. STOCKS &BONDS Shares Hang On to Thursday’s Highs as Focus Veers to Fed The Dow Minute by Minute Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday. Source: Bloomberg THE NEW YORK TIMES 13,260 13,280 13,300 13,320 10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m. Previous close 13,292.00 RICHARD DREW/ASSOCIATED PRESS Richard Cohen, a trader at the New York Stock Exchange. The jobs report missed expectations. By The Associated Press The Kroger Company,the na- tion’s largest traditional grocer, said Friday that its profit dipped slightly in the second quarter as it faced higher expenses and an increased tax rate. The company said an impor- tant sales figure rose during the period as its loyalty program helped attract shoppers. But mer- chandise costs, which includes advertising, warehouse and transportation expenses, rose 4.3 percent. For the three months ended Aug. 11, the company reported net income of $279.1 million, or 51 cents a share. That is down from $280.8 million, or 46 cents a share, a year ago when there were more outstanding shares. Revenue, including fuel, climbed 3.9 percent to $21.73 bil- lion. Analysts expected earnings of 49 cents a share on revenue of $21.89 billion. Kroger now anticipates fiscal 2012 earnings of $2.35 to $2.42 a share, up from $2.33 to $2.40 a share. Analysts predict $2.38 a share. Kroger is fighting to retain shoppers as it faces intensifying competition from big-box retail- ers, drugstores and specialty gro- cers. To attract customers, Krog- er’s loyalty program offers dis- counts to customers based on their past purchases. Rodney McMullen,Kroger’s president and chief operating of- ficer, said the company was also trying to improve other parts of the shopping experience. For ex- ample, he said the company had whittled the checkout wait time to an average of about 30 sec- onds. In the past, Mr. McMullen said the average wait was as long as four minutes. The efforts seem to be paying off, with sales at supermarkets open at least a year up 3.6 per- cent, when excluding fuel. That metric is a crucial gauge of health because it excludes the impact of newly opened and closed loca- tions. Kroger is also facing higher costs. Its tax rate in the latest quarter rose to 34.5 percent, from 27.6 percent a year ago. In the third and fourth quarters, it ex- pects the rate to be about 36 per- cent. The company’s stock closed down 37 cents, or 1.6 percent, to $22.73. DANIEL ACKER/BLOOMBERG NEWS Kroger, which faces intensifying competition,is trying to im- prove parts of the shopping experience like the checkout wait. Kroger Reports Lower Profits As Tax Rate and Costs Rise Efforts to retain shoppers with a loyalty program. 35 STW.,#147 B'twn Broadway &7th 500,700 &1400 sq ft,totally renov'd,new windows,acrossfromMacy's.NO FEE falconproperties.com   212-302-3000 Offices−Manhattan 105 N B7 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Australia (Dollar) 1.0383 .9631 China (Yuan) .1577 6.3428 Hong Kong (Dollar) .1289 7.7556 India (Rupee) .0181 55.3600 Japan (Yen) .0128 78.2400 Malaysia (Ringgit) .3215 3.1100 New Zealand (Dollar) .8121 1.2314 Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.6500 Philippines (Peso) .0241 41.5200 Singapore (Dollar) .8093 1.2356 So. Korea (Won) .0009 1129.8 Taiwan (Dollar) .0337 29.6800 Thailand (Baht) .0322 31.0600 Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20830 Britain (Pound) 1.6005 .6248 Czech Rep (Koruna) .0523 19.1210 Denmark (Krone) .1720 5.8124 Europe (Euro) 1.2806 .7809 Hungary (Forint) .0045 221.67 Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1700.90 1742.00 1688.80 1738.00 + 34.80 26,657 Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 3257.00 3368.50 3203.00 3363.30 + 101.40 1,103 Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 421.00 312.00 Oct 12 352.40 365.80 352.15 365.35 + 13.15 4,463 Nasdaq 100 2825.11 ◊ 4.60 ◊ 0.16 + 27.04 + 24.03 Composite 3136.42 + 0.61 + 0.02 + 23.05 + 20.39 Industrials 2559.25 + 11.27 + 0.44 + 15.48 + 18.03 Banks 1878.87 + 10.91 + 0.58 + 25.48 + 16.14 Insurance 4546.14 ◊ 3.94 ◊ 0.09 + 15.93 + 6.29 Other Finance 4088.27 + 29.13 + 0.72 + 18.60 + 18.64 Telecommunications 199.78 ◊ 0.22 ◊ 0.11 + 3.47 + 1.45 Computer 1702.48 ◊ 5.21 ◊ 0.31 + 28.86 + 23.48 Industrials 13306.64 + 14.64 + 0.11 + 16.57 + 8.91 Transportation 5072.20 + 27.57 + 0.55 + 11.97 + 1.05 Utilities 471.86 ◊ 0.67 ◊ 0.14 + 10.01 + 1.55 Composite 4454.17 + 7.98 + 0.18 + 14.00 + 5.25 100 Stocks 660.41 + 2.06 + 0.31 + 22.60 + 15.70 500 Stocks 1437.92 + 5.80 + 0.40 + 19.96 + 14.34 Mid-Cap 400 1004.60 + 4.97 + 0.50 + 17.00 + 14.27 Small-Cap 600 473.97 + 2.33 + 0.49 + 21.99 + 14.19 MARKET GAUGES +15% +10% + 5% 0% Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index 3-MONTH TREND 1,250 1,300 1,350 1,400 1,450 1,500 July Aug. +15% +10% + 5% 0% Nasdaq Composite 3-MONTH TREND 2,700 2,800 2,900 3,000 3,100 3,200 July Aug. +15% +10% + 5% 0% Dow Jones Industrial Average 3-MONTH TREND 12,000 12,500 13,000 13,500 14,000 July Aug. NASDAQ COMPOSITE 3,136.42 +0.61 U 10-YEAR TREASURY YIELD 1.67% –0.01 CRUDE OIL $96.42 +$0.89 U GOLD (N.Y.) $1,737.50 +$34.90 U THE EURO $1.2806 +$0.0169 U DOW INDUSTRIALS 13,306.64 +14.64 U S.&P. 500 1,437.92 +5.80 U STOCK MARKET INDEXES % 52-Wk YTD Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg DOW JONES STANDARD AND POOR’S NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE NASDAQ OTHER INDEXES NYSE Comp. 8234.51 + 73.95 + 0.91 + 11.96 + 10.13 Tech/Media/Telecom 6121.45 + 29.24 + 0.48 + 13.55 + 11.60 Energy 12868.66 + 211.74 + 1.67 + 7.65 + 3.70 Financial 4761.50 + 57.55 + 1.22 + 15.34 + 17.20 Healthcare 7771.08 ◊ 5.55 ◊ 0.07 + 14.64 + 10.30 American Exch 2426.17 ◊ 2.35 ◊ 0.10 + 6.66 + 6.49 Wilshire 5000 15040.10 + 64.59 + 0.43 + 19.02 + 14.03 Value Line Arith 3070.11 + 24.16 + 0.79 + 17.52 + 13.89 Russell 2000 842.27 + 4.32 + 0.52 + 18.72 + 13.68 Phila Gold & Silver 179.28 + 5.51 + 3.17 ◊ 20.14 ◊ 0.75 Phila Semiconductor 401.23 ◊ 3.30 ◊ 0.82 + 13.26 + 10.09 KBW Bank 49.27 + 0.76 + 1.57 + 27.91 + 25.11 Phila Oil Service 229.13 + 4.80 + 2.14 ◊ 2.62 + 5.94 When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster. CONSUMER RATES 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Federal funds 0.25 0.25% % Prime rate 3.25 3.25 15-yr fixed 2.88 3.37 15-yr fixed jumbo 3.39 4.07 30-yr fixed 3.51 4.16 30-yr fixed jumbo 4.19 4.80 5/1 adj. rate 2.89 2.96 5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.84 3.18 1-year adj. rate 4.24 2.96 Mortgages 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 $75K line good credit* 4.23 4.33% % $75K line excel. credit* 4.22 4.25 $75K loan good credit* 5.33 5.72 $75K loan excel. credit* 5.25 5.49 Home Equity 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 36-mo. used car 3.63 4.70% % 60-mo. new car 3.27 4.45 A uto Loan Rates 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Money-market 0.51 0.55% % $10K min. money-mkt 0.53 0.64 6-month CD 0.47 0.53 1-year CD 0.72 0.83 2-year CD 0.85 0.99 5-year IRA CD 1.43 1.78 CD’s and Money Market Rates Home Yesterday Year Ago Yesterday’s rate Change from last week 1-year range Up Flat Down GOVERNMENT BONDS 0 1 2 3 4% 3 6 2 5 10 30 Months Years Maturity Yest. 1-mo. ago 1-yr. ago Y ield Curve 0 1 2 3 4% 2012 2011 Fed Funds Prime Rate10-year Treas. 2-year Treas. Key Rates Source: Thomson Reuters INVESTMENT GRADE FINRA TRACE CORPORATE BOND DATA Credit Rating Price Issuer Name (SYMBOL) Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld% End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria. *Par value in millions. Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ Total Issues Traded 5419 3860 1371 188 Advances 3046 2148 791 107 Declines 2131 1590 466 75 Unchanged 122 47 73 2 52 Week High 498 311 161 26 52 Week Low 70 50 16 4 Dollar Volume * 16,601 10,764 5,138 699 All Investment High Issues Grade Yield Conv Market Breadth Most Active Bank of america (bac.Ahk) 5.700 Jan ‘22 baa2 a 116.187 105.688 116.058 1.806 3.659 Bank amer (bac.Hap) 6.000 Sep ‘17 baa2 a 114.359 112.350 113.046 0.291 3.144 Morgan stanley for future equity see (ms.Hhp) 6.000 May ‘14 baa1 a 106.518 105.000 105.758 –0.050 2.456 Bank of america (bac) 3.875 Mar ‘17 baa2 a 107.584 105.693 106.120 0.745 2.439 Citibank n a fdic gtd tlgp (c.Kla) 1.750 Dec ‘12 aaa aaa 100.470 100.462 100.469 –0.021 0.157 Bank of america (bac.Bp) 5.625 Jul ‘20 baa2 a 113.540 112.930 112.930 1.267 3.701 American airlines, . (Amr.Ve) 8.625 Apr ‘23 baa3 107.500 106.500 107.125 0.375 7.630 General elec cap medium term (ge.Hih) 2.125 Dec ‘12 aaa 100.567 100.382 100.382 –0.024 0.730 Goldman sachs group (gs.Jbz) 3.625 Feb ‘16 a3 a 105.885 103.000 104.980 0.712 2.100 BHP billiton fin usa ltd (bhp) 1.625 Feb ‘17 a1 a+ 102.381 101.225 101.426 –0.181 1.294 HIGH YIELD Atp oil & gas (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 wr 27.243 23.188 26.007 –1.008 N.A. Harrahs oper (mlet3677470) 10.000 Dec ‘18 n.A. Cc 66.938 63.500 66.750 3.750 19.380 Laredo pete (lrpi.Ad) 9.500 Feb ‘19 b3 113.750 113.500 113.750 0.750 5.246 Seagate hdd cayman (stx.Ah) 6.875 May ‘20 ba1 bb+ 105.500 104.750 104.750 –0.250 5.871 First data (kkr3700421) 12.625 Jan ‘21 caa1 ccc 105.000 102.500 103.500 1.000 11.889 Reynolds group issuer llc (rygr) 9.875 Aug ‘19 caa1 108.000 107.000 107.500 0.000 8.000 Nii cap (nihd.Go) 7.625 Apr ‘21 b2 82.000 78.250 81.500 0.250 11.018 Clear channel communications (ccmo) 11.000 Aug ‘16 ca c 68.250 66.688 68.250 2.688 N.A. Mcjunkin red man (gs) 9.500 Dec ‘16 b3 109.250 109.000 109.250 0.125 1.142 Offshore group invt ltd (olog.Gi) 11.500 Aug ‘15 b3 111.000 110.750 110.980 0.230 4.810 CONVERTIBLES Alliance data sys (ads.Ac) 1.750 Aug ‘13 n.A. 180.773 176.167 176.500 –2.938 –53.712 Medicis pharmaceutical (mrx) 1.375 Jun ‘17 n.A. 108.062 105.600 108.000 0.100 –0.307 Intel (intc.Ge) 3.250 Aug ‘39 a2 128.264 125.000 127.000 –2.916 1.954 Massey energy co (anr) 3.250 Aug ‘15 n.A. 91.125 87.852 90.250 1.500 7.040 EMC (emc.Gf) 1.750 Dec ‘13 n.A. N.A. 174.541 169.000 174.373 1.873 –39.569 Interdigital (idcc) 2.500 Mar ‘16 n.A. 103.091 98.000 103.091 1.041 1.591 Alcoa (aa.Hx) 5.250 Mar ‘14 baa3 bbb– 151.580 147.750 151.580 3.058 –21.761 AMR del (aamr) 6.250 Oct ‘14 n.A. C 64.750 63.500 64.750 1.250 N.A. Medtronic (mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 a1 n.A. 100.900 99.950 100.900 1.025 0.103 Intel (intc.Gd) 2.950 Dec ‘35 n.A. N.A. 111.875 109.000 111.350 –0.150 2.316 0 2 4 6 8 10% 2012 2011 Yields FINRA-BLOOMBERG CORPORATE BOND INDEXES high yield +6.86% invest. grade +3.38% –10 – 5 0 + 5 +10 +15% 2012 2011 52-week Total Returns FINRA-BLOOMBERG CORPORATE BOND INDEXES high yield +11.98% invest. grade +8.29% ECONOMIC INDICATORS Source: Bloomberg 5-YEAR HISTORY %+10 –20 ’07 ’12 Construction Spending Change from previous year July ’12 %+9.3 June ’12 +7.0 %+10 0 ’07 ’12 Personal Savings Rate Percent of disposable income July ’12 %+4.2 June ’12 +4.3 –20 –70 ’07 ’12 Balance of Trade In billions of dollars Seasonally adjusted June ’12 –42.9 May ’12 –48.0 14 4 ’07 ’12 Housing Supply In months July ’12 6.4 June ’12 6.5 60 30 ’07 ’12 Manufacturing Index ISM; over 50 indicates expansion; seasonally adjusted A ug. ’12 49.6 July ’12 49.8 Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield Source: Thomson Reuters T-BILLS 3-mo. 6-mo. BONDS & NOTES 2-yr. 5-yr. 10-yr. 30-yr. TREASURY INFLATION BONDS 5-yr. 10-yr. 20-yr. 30-yr. Dec 12 ◊ ◊ 0.11 0.10 –.00 0.11 Mar 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.13 ◊ 0.14 Apr 17 [ 107-09 107-12 +0-10 -1.40 Jul 22 [ 108-10 108-17 +0-17 -0.69 Jan 29 2ø 141-22 142-06 +0-22 -0.04 Feb 42 } 108-20 109-12 +0-26 0.44 Aug 14 ü ◊ 99.99 100.00 +0.03 0.25 Aug 17 | ◊ 99.91 99.91 +0.16 0.64 Aug 22 1| ◊ 99.61 99.62 +0.09 1.67 Aug 42 2} ◊ 98.56 98.59 –0.50 2.82 Most Recent Issues % 52-Wk YTD Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS Bank of Am (BAC) 8.80 +0.45 +5.4 2304003 Intel Corp (INTC) 24.19 ◊0.90 ◊3.6 837298 Micron Tec (MU) 6.42 ◊0.25 ◊3.8 636866 Sprint Nex (S) 5.03 +0.07 +1.4 615660 Ford Motor (F) 10.14 +0.22 +2.3 600713 Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.53 ◊0.01 ◊0.4 542502 Citigroup (C) 32.07 +0.95 +3.1 516795 Kraft Food (KFT) 39.99 ◊2.33 ◊5.5 461392 Cisco Syst (CSCO) 19.56 ◊0.17 ◊0.8 430528 Microsoft (MSFT) 30.95 ◊0.40 ◊1.3 400178 Freeport-M (FCX) 39.43 +3.09 +8.5 391407 Morgan Sta (MS) 17.08 +0.83 +5.1 377168 Alpha Natu (ANR) 6.90 +0.99 +16.8 376637 Facebook I (FB) 18.98 +0.02 +0.1 360529 General El (GE) 21.59 +0.28 +1.3 356433 Advanced M (AMD) 3.45 ◊0.21 ◊5.7 308927 Peregrine (PPHM) 4.50 +1.43 +46.6 289474 JPMorgan C (JPM) 39.30 +0.61 +1.6 275862 American I (AIG) 33.99 ◊0.23 ◊0.7 264953 Wells Farg (WFC) 35.00 +0.16 +0.5 262162 Coffee Hol (JVA) 7.60 +1.44 +23.5 13718 Ellomay Ca (ELLO) 5.02 +0.77 +18.1 50 Alpha Natu (ANR) 6.90 +0.99 +16.8 376637 Cliffs Nat (CLF) 39.91 +5.05 +14.5 159169 Green Moun (GMCR) 27.83 +3.25 +13.2 110262 Digital Ci (DCIN) 6.00 +0.70 +13.2 20 Noranda Al (NOR) 6.88 +0.79 +13.0 5099 Lululemon (LULU) 77.14 +8.54 +12.4 170468 Smith & We (SWHC) 10.07 +1.07 +11.9 141440 Peabody En (BTU) 23.71 +2.31 +10.8 132682 Calix Inc (CALX) 5.64 +0.54 +10.6 21072 Teck Resou (TCK) 30.18 +2.72 +9.9 51460 Tumi Holdi (TUMI) 25.22 +2.27 +9.9 10115 Schnitzer (SCHN) 31.22 +2.63 +9.2 6781 Willbros G (WG) 5.31 +0.44 +9.0 5599 Maxwell Te (MXWL) 8.71 +0.71 +8.9 4463 United Sta (X) 20.89 +1.68 +8.7 167645 Freeport-M (FCX) 39.43 +3.09 +8.5 391407 Cooper Com (COO) 93.33 +7.30 +8.5 21519 Key Energy (KEG) 8.50 +0.65 +8.3 35105 Audience I (ADNC) 6.90 ◊11.96 ◊63.4 88972 Pandora Me (P) 10.47 ◊2.10 ◊16.7 239977 Infoblox I (BLOX) 20.75 ◊2.64 ◊11.3 7849 Accuray In (ARAY) 5.84 ◊0.70 ◊10.7 28389 Tangoe Inc (TNGO) 14.29 ◊1.68 ◊10.5 36766 Abiomed In (ABMD) 21.00 ◊2.29 ◊9.8 16981 Nobility H (NOBH) 5.36 ◊0.54 ◊9.2 3 Greene Cou (GCBC) 20.90 ◊2.10 ◊9.1 16 LeapFrog E (LF) 9.15 ◊0.89 ◊8.9 22790 American P (APFC) 11.91 ◊0.98 ◊7.6 42 Mellanox T (MLNX) 110.85 ◊9.08 ◊7.6 28151 Francesca’ (FRAN) 27.87 ◊2.07 ◊6.9 36937 Incyte Cor (INCY) 18.33 ◊1.28 ◊6.5 27549 Monster Wo (MWW) 7.40 ◊0.50 ◊6.3 165122 Arkansas B (ABFS) 8.26 ◊0.54 ◊6.1 6510 ALCO Store (ALCS) 6.92 ◊0.42 ◊5.7 69 Ultratech (UTEK) 32.09 ◊1.90 ◊5.6 6399 Intermolec (IMI) 6.76 ◊0.40 ◊5.6 1499 Fauquier B (FBSS) 12.29 ◊0.72 ◊5.5 13 Kraft Food (KFT) 39.99 ◊2.33 ◊5.5 461392 % Volume Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100) % Volume Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100) % Volume Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100) 20 MOST ACTIVE 20 TOP GAINERS 20 TOP LOSERS FUTURES Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time. Source: Thomson Reuters FOREIGN EXCHANGE Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars Foreign Currency in Dollars Dollars in Foreign Currency Dollars in Foreign Currency Monetary units per Lifetime Open Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest ASIA/PACIFIC EUROPE Norway (Krone) .1749 5.7188 Poland (Zloty) .3130 3.1944 Russia (Ruble) .0316 31.6600 Sweden (Krona) .1517 6.5933 Switzerland (Franc) 1.0591 .9442 Turkey (Lira) .5572 1.7948 Argentina (Peso) .2146 4.6600 Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600 Brazil (Real) .4932 2.0274 Canada (Dollar) 1.0222 .9783 Chile (Peso) .0021 475.40 Colombia (Peso) .0006 1800.8 Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0256 39.0000 El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425 Guatamala (Quetzal) .1251 7.9950 Honduras (Lempira) .0510 19.6050 Mexico (Peso) .0771 12.9730 Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0421 23.7585 Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4395.0 Peru (New Sol) .3833 2.6092 Uruguay (New Peso) .0471 21.2500 Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893 Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6528 .3770 Egypt (Pound) .1642 6.0910 Iran (Rial) .0001 12259 Israel (Shekel) .2519 3.9695 Jordan (Dinar) 1.4144 .7070 Kenya (Shilling) .0119 84.2000 Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5614 .2808 MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA AMERICAS Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 126.72 125.68 Oct 12 126.05 126.53 125.88 126.48 + 0.43 111,534 Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 90.00 71.50 Oct 12 71.68 71.78 70.38 71.35 ◊ 0.40 84,446 Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2700.00 2705.00 2665.00 2676.00 ◊ 15.00 106,008 Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 159.60 163.70 158.50 163.05 + 4.85 92,777 Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 26.04 14.35 Sep 12 19.00 19.60 18.96 19.38 + 0.51 261,601 Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 797.50 804.75 792.25 799.50 + 1.00 700,842 Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1789.00 914.00 Nov 12 1746.00 1752.00 1726.25 1736.50 ◊ 10.50 361,042 Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 891.00 912.50 884.75 905.00 + 13.25 263,870 Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 114.80 73.05 Sep 12 94.70 96.74 94.08 96.42 + 0.89 234,928 Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.34 2.23 Sep 12 3.13 3.17 3.11 3.15 + 0.01 98,474 Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 2.88 2.90 2.80 2.83 ◊ 0.08 227,373 Source: Thomson Reuters 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 euros 2012 2011 One Dollar in Euros $1 = 0.7808 70 80 90 100 110 $120 2012 2011 Crude Oil $96.42 a barrel 74 76 78 80 82 84yen 2012 2011 One Dollar in Yen $1 = 78.30 Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1501.0 Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7501 So. Africa (Rand) .1225 8.1659 U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6726 S&P 100 STOCKS Prices shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close Last trade of the day in regular trading. · + or · – indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „ or ‰ indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ” indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year. 52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD Stock (TICKER) Low Close ( • ) High Close Chg Chg % Chg 3M Co (MMM) 68.63 94.30 92.82 ◊ 0.46 + 15.20 + 13.6 Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.96 67.45 66.69 ◊ 0.23 + 27.51 + 18.6 Accenture (ACN) 48.55 65.89 64.44 + 0.57 + 23.45 + 21.1 Allstate C (ALL) 22.27 38.65 38.48 + 0.02 + 48.86 + 40.4 Altria Gro (MO) 25.27 36.29 34.27 ◊ 0.32 + 26.97 + 15.6 ” Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 259.42 259.14 + 7.76 + 17.84 + 49.7 American E (AEP) 35.85 43.96 43.46 ◊ 0.06 + 13.65 + 5.2 American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 57.73 + 0.32 + 15.51 + 22.4 Amgen Inc (AMGN) 52.85 85.28 83.96 ◊ 0.84 + 51.61 + 30.8 Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 72.29 + 1.22 ◊ 1.54 ◊ 5.3 Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 89.90 + 3.35 ◊ 9.76 ◊ 0.8 ” Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 682.48 680.44 + 4.17 + 77.23 + 68.0 AT&T Inc (T) 27.29 38.28 37.30 ◊ 0.14 + 32.60 + 23.3 Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 46.74 + 1.45 ◊ 22.60 ◊ 3.9 ” „Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 8.80 + 0.45 + 17.65 + 58.3 Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.72 22.92 ◊ 0.11 + 10.62 + 15.1 Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 60.54 59.18 + 0.14 + 6.52 + 19.6 Berkshire (BRKb) 65.35 86.71 86.64 + 0.17 + 22.55 + 13.6 Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 72.89 + 0.07 + 12.31 ◊ 0.6 Bristol-My (BMY) 28.70 36.34 33.30 ◊ 0.20 + 11.33 ◊ 5.5 Capital On (COF) 36.33 58.69 57.41 + 0.25 + 30.33 + 35.8 ” Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 88.10 + 3.31 ◊ 0.67 ◊ 2.8 Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 114.00 114.00 + 0.97 + 14.82 + 7.1 Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.93 21.30 19.56 ◊ 0.16 + 23.17 + 8.2 ” Citigroup (C) 21.40 38.40 32.07 + 0.95 + 10.66 + 21.9 52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD Stock (TICKER) Low Close ( • ) High Close Chg Chg % Chg 52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD Stock (TICKER) Low Close ( • ) High Close Chg Chg % Chg 52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD Stock (TICKER) Low Close ( • ) High Close Chg Chg % Chg Coca-Cola (KO) 31.67 40.66 37.90 ◊ 0.25 + 7.06 + 8.3 Colgate-Pa (CL) 85.73 109.84 106.30 ◊ 1.19 + 15.78 + 15.1 Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.72 35.16 34.46 ◊ 0.19 + 61.10 + 45.3 ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 56.64 + 0.85 + 10.38 + 2.0 Costco Who (COST) 78.02 100.00 99.72 ◊ 0.26 + 23.71 + 19.7 CVS Carema (CVS) 32.28 48.69 46.06 ◊ 0.44 + 24.39 + 12.9 Dell Inc (DELL) 10.48 18.36 10.64 + 0.12 ◊ 26.87 ◊ 27.3 Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 59.34 + 0.94 ◊ 10.61 ◊ 4.3 Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 30.33 + 0.80 + 12.04 + 5.5 E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 50.56 + 0.71 + 6.58 + 10.4 eBay Inc (EBAY) 27.41 49.27 49.24 + 0.33 + 65.51 + 62.3 Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.44 46.87 46.65 ◊ 0.16 + 26.29 + 12.2 EMC Corp (EMC) 19.99 30.00 27.70 + 0.19 + 25.23 + 28.6 Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 49.80 ◊ 0.18 + 11.31 + 6.9 Exelon Cor (EXC) 35.76 45.45 36.15 ◊ 0.05 ◊ 15.48 ◊ 16.6 Exxon Mobi (XOM) 67.93 90.00 89.92 + 0.93 + 22.09 + 6.1 FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 87.38 ◊ 0.16 + 14.57 + 4.6 ”Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.14 + 0.22 ◊ 3.98 ◊ 5.8 ”„Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 39.43 + 3.09 ◊ 12.71 + 7.2 General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 67.20 + 0.48 + 9.54 + 1.2 General El (GE) 14.02 21.59 21.59 + 0.28 + 36.65 + 20.5 Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 59.69 59.26 ◊ 0.23 + 48.89 + 44.8 ”Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 116.33 + 2.79 + 7.37 + 28.6 Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 712.25 706.15 + 6.75 + 32.23 + 9.3 H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 58.31 55.76 ◊ 0.52 + 5.69 + 3.2 ”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 41.11 34.24 + 1.28 ◊ 19.02 ◊ 0.8 Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 16.77 30.00 17.42 ◊ 0.17 ◊ 27.84 ◊ 32.4 Home Depot (HD) 31.03 57.89 57.26 ◊ 0.39 + 74.20 + 36.2 Honeywell (HON) 41.22 62.00 59.90 + 0.88 + 27.37 + 10.2 ”Intel Corp (INTC) 19.52 29.27 24.19 ◊ 0.90 + 20.47 ◊ 0.2 Internatio (IBM) 158.76 210.69 199.50 + 0.40 + 19.24 + 8.5 Johnson & (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 67.88 + 0.04 + 3.74 + 3.5 JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 39.30 + 0.61 + 12.87 + 18.2 ”‰Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 42.44 39.99 ◊ 2.33 + 14.98 + 7.0 Lockheed M (LMT) 70.37 93.99 92.18 ◊ 0.65 + 26.38 + 13.9 ”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.53 32.29 28.32 ◊ 0.06 + 44.05 + 11.6 MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 436.20 + 3.60 + 28.63 + 17.0 McDonald’s (MCD) 83.65 102.22 91.02 + 0.35 + 1.94 ◊ 9.3 Medtronic (MDT) 31.06 41.79 41.61 + 0.03 + 17.48 + 8.8 Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.17 44.05 ◊ 0.18 + 33.65 + 16.8 Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 35.28 + 0.32 + 12.36 + 13.1 Microsoft (MSFT) 24.26 32.95 30.95 ◊ 0.40 + 19.04 + 19.2 Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 89.90 89.39 ◊ 0.05 + 31.67 + 27.6 ”„Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 17.08 + 0.83 + 4.59 + 12.9 National O (NOV) 47.97 87.72 81.92 + 2.26 + 24.18 + 20.5 News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 24.70 24.47 ◊ 0.02 + 47.06 + 37.2 Nike Inc (NKE) 81.01 114.81 99.29 ◊ 0.17 + 14.77 + 3.0 Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 71.92 ◊ 0.10 + 7.57 ◊ 1.3 Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 87.15 + 2.85 + 3.09 ◊ 7.0 Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 32.60 ◊ 0.03 + 17.99 + 27.1 PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 73.66 72.10 ◊ 0.05 + 17.01 + 8.7 Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.48 24.24 ◊ 0.10 + 27.51 + 12.0 Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.60 88.83 ◊ 0.65 + 28.81 + 13.2 Procter & (PG) 59.07 68.60 68.52 + 0.28 + 9.25 + 2.7 Qualcomm I (QCOM) 46.40 68.87 61.93 ◊ 0.69 + 19.81 + 13.2 Raytheon C (RTN) 38.35 58.00 57.82 ◊ 0.16 + 38.19 + 19.5 Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 80.78 73.17 + 0.71 ◊ 4.71 + 7.1 Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 163.75 159.05 + 0.20 + 33.23 + 23.4 Southern C (SO) 40.46 48.59 45.91 ◊ 0.16 + 11.11 ◊ 0.8 Starbucks (SBUX) 35.12 62.00 51.17 + 0.33 + 30.60 + 11.2 Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 64.99 64.00 ◊ 0.86 + 26.53 + 25.0 Texas Inst (TXN) 25.49 34.24 29.18 ◊ 0.38 + 12.71 + 0.2 Time Warne (TWX) 28.26 43.83 43.64 + 0.42 + 42.06 + 20.8 U.S. Banco (USB) 21.53 34.16 33.98 + 0.05 + 49.76 + 25.6 Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 126.91 122.25 + 1.01 + 36.26 + 15.4 United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 72.60 + 0.66 + 11.71 ◊ 0.8 United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 79.41 + 0.01 + 8.84 + 8.6 UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 54.88 ◊ 0.01 + 16.25 + 8.3 Verizon Co (VZ) 34.65 46.41 43.72 ◊ 0.43 + 22.74 + 9.0 Visa Inc (V) 81.71 132.58 129.71 + 0.21 + 46.60 + 27.8 Wal-Mart S (WMT) 49.94 75.24 73.82 ◊ 0.99 + 40.82 + 23.5 ”Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.61 34.94 ◊ 0.26 ◊ 3.16 + 5.7 Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 52.00 51.74 ◊ 0.12 + 58.57 + 38.0 Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 35.19 35.00 + 0.16 + 40.22 + 27.0 Williams C (WMB) 17.88 34.63 33.89 + 0.71 + 56.79 + 25.7 ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes: nytimes.com/markets D % Total Returns Exp. Assets Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$) % Total Returns Exp. Assets Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$) LARGEST FUNDS +10.2 +11.6 +2.6 603 602 580 American Funds Inc Fund of Amer A (AMECX) MA +9.8 +15.1 +3.0 0.58 56,152 Franklin Income A (FKINX) CA +10.9 +15.2 +4.1 0.63 39,553 Vanguard Wellington Adm (VWENX) MA +10.8 +16.4 +4.5 0.17 36,231 American Funds American Balanced A (ABALX) MA +12.5 +16.4 +3.7 0.64 33,447 Vanguard Wellesley Income Adm (VWIAX) CA +8.6 +13.6 +7.1 0.18 19,961 Vanguard Target Retirement 2025 Inv (VTTVX) TG +11.2 +13.4 +2.5 * 19,455 Oakmark Equity & Income I (OAKBX) MA +7.6 +11.0 +4.5 0.78 17,740 Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +7.0 +1.5 +8.7 0.71 17,010 Vanguard Target Retirement 2015 Inv (VTXVX) TD +9.6 +11.7 +3.5 * 16,468 Vanguard Target Retirement 2020 Inv (VTWNX) TE +10.4 +12.5 +3.0 * 15,692 Fidelity Puritan (FPURX) MA +12.9 +14.8 +3.6 0.59 15,473 Fidelity Balanced (FBALX) MA +12.3 +14.5 +3.1 0.60 15,014 Vanguard STAR Inv (VGSTX) MA +10.9 +13.1 +3.5 * 14,628 Fidelity Freedom 2020 (FFFDX) TE +10.7 +10.7 +2.2 * 14,338 Vanguard Target Retirement 2035 Inv (VTTHX) TI +12.8 +14.9 +1.7 * 13,763 T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +12.5 +18.7 +5.3 0.72 12,489 Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +15.5 +18.8 +1.6 0.53 12,487 Vanguard Target Retirement 2030 Inv (VTHRX) TH +12.0 +14.0 +2.0 * 12,304 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 (TRRBX) TE +12.5 +13.8 +3.0 * 11,514 Fidelity Freedom 2030 (FFFEX) TH +12.3 +12.0 +1.1 * 10,936 JHancock2 Lifestyle Balanced 1 (JILBX) MA +11.4 +12.1 +3.1 0.11 10,762 JHancock2 Lifestyle Growth 1 (JILGX) AL +12.6 +12.9 +1.7 0.11 10,053 T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 (TRRCX) TH +14.0 +15.1 +2.4 * 9,572 Villere Balanced Inv (VILLX) MA +16.5 +21.5 +7.6 1.02 217 Wells Fargo Advantage Idx Asst Allo A (SFAAX) AL +13.7 +21.4 +2.6 1.15 640 Mairs & Power Balanced Inv (MAPOX) MA +13.7 +18.9 +5.2 0.79 235 Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +15.5 +18.8 +1.6 0.53 12,487 T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +12.5 +18.7 +5.3 0.72 12,489 AllianceBern Balanced Shares A (CABNX) MA +12.6 +18.1 +2.7 1.10 393 American Beacon Balanced AMR (AABNX) MA +12.4 +17.8 +3.1 0.31 893 MainStay Income Builder A (MTRAX) MA +12.6 +17.8 +4.0 1.06 278 Hartford Balanced HLS IA (HADAX) MA +11.4 +17.4 +2.7 0.65 2,872 Lord Abbett Capital Structure A (LAMAX) AL +12.4 +17.3 +3.0 0.65 915 Franklin Templeton Founding Allc Adv (FFAAX) AL +13.3 +17.0 +0.5 0.08 67 Waddell & Reed Continental Inc A (UNCIX) AL +12.2 +16.7 +5.4 1.20 640 LEADERS LAGGARDS Old Westbury Real Return (OWRRX) MA +4.6 ◊7.2 ◊1.1 1.10 2,199 Oppenheimer Flexible Strategies C (QOPCX) MA +2.9 ◊0.5 ◊0.3 2.58 142 SunAmerica Focused Multi-Asset Strat C (FMATX) CA +2.9 ◊0.4 ◊1.7 0.84 161 Hussman Strategic Total Return (HSTRX) CA +1.6 * +6.2 0.63 2,528 Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +7.0 +1.5 +8.7 0.71 17,010 Calamos Convertible C (CCVCX) CV +4.5 +2.4 +2.4 1.86 439 Leuthold Core Investment Retail (LCORX) AL +7.9 +3.9 +1.1 1.14 537 AllianceBern Cnsrv Wlth Strat B (ABPBX) CA +5.0 +4.5 +1.6 1.75 76 Franklin Templeton Cnsrv Allocation C (FTCCX) CA +5.5 +5.0 +3.1 1.25 443 Fidelity Advisor Freedom Inc T (FTAFX) RI +5.1 +5.5 +3.4 0.50 54 Wells Fargo Advantage DJ Target 2010 (WFLGX) TA +5.2 +5.6 +4.1 0.83 215 Nationwide Inv Dest Cnsrv Svc (NDCSX) CA +4.4 +5.7 +3.4 0.63 220 Average performance for all such funds Number of funds for period MUTUAL FUNDS SPOTLIGHT: CONVERTIBLE BOND AND DOMESTIC HYBRID FUNDS *Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source: Bankrate.com *Annualized. Leaders and Laggards are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: AL -Aggressive Allocation. CA -Conservative Allocation. CV -Convertibles. MA -Moderate Allocation. RI -Retirement Income. TA -Target-Date 2000-2010. TD -Target- Date 2011-2015. TE -Target-Date 2016-2020. TG -Target-Date 2021-2025. TH -Target-Date 2026-2030. TI -Target-Date 2031-2035. TJ -Target-Date 2036-2040. TK -Target-Date 2041-2045. TL -Target-Date 2050+. TN -Target-Date 2046-2050. NA -Not Available. YTD -Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar B8 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 W ITH the streets humming with inebriated shoppers, the Fashion Week party train took off on Thursday night with a suc- cession of intimate dinners and private parties. Not everyone was ready. As on the first day of class, the fashion tribe began the night comparing notes from the summer: Safaris in South Africa. Family cabins in Maine. Weddings in Italy. But it was time to get back to the hard work of fashion. Among the first to show was Richard Chai, who celebrated his sports-inspired collection with a dinner and party at Catch, a restaurant in the meat- packing district. Being early has its advantages. “Now that it’s over,” Mr. Chai said, “I can return to my life, check my e-mails and see what’s hap- pening this week.” DENNYLEE Loved the Clothes. Now Where’s the Party? Pharrell Williams, at left, and friends toast the cult streetwear brand Supreme at the Westway night club. A 40-inch disco ball hung over the pool at the Four Seasons, where Brian Atwood celebrated his new Madison Avenue store.Above right, at the Richard Chai party at Catch Roof, Juan Joel, a photography student at Parsons, showed off a studded Yankees cap he made. Kate Bosworth with Lazaro Hernandez of Proenza Schouler at a party in the label’s new store on Madison Avenue. KIRSTEN LUCE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES ERIN BAIANO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES BENJAMIN NORMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES ROBERT WRIGHT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES SCENE CITY FASHION For more coverage, including slide shows on and off the runway, blog posts and street-style videos, visit nytimes.com/fashion ONLINE:NEW YORK FASHION WEEK The New York spring shows began in the modern fashion — with a slap, a high heel and a tacky bride. If one was not slapped awake by the dress-to- kill frenzy in the tents at Lincoln Center (haunt- ed more than ever by ghosts of trade shows past) or the preciousness of the Creatures of the Wind show, it was go- ing to be a long season,indeed. It took a moment to warm up to the guests rocking stilettos at Richard Chai and, well, to accept that summer was really and truly over. For a solid month it’s going to be a churning blur of skinny model legs, thousands of them, though not all the tall timber of Karlie Kloss. You may hardly believe it, but Mr. Chai was one of the earliest print enthusiasts in New York; he’s still doing smudgy florals and hard- to-describe grids, but so is everyone else. Pow- der blue and lavender were the colors this time, with a squeeze of lemon, and often the prints were used in combination with a solid, crinkling fabric. Mr. Chai has a natural way of elevating sports- wear styles like parkas and track pants, and this season he gives a nice dimension to things by cutting them on the round: the curve of a bra top and neoprene flounced skirt, the aplomb of a zip-front jacket in khaki and gray nylon. Vaguely a cheong- sam, and shown with tough biker shorts, it was the best thing he did. Anyway, it was something defined in an inconse- quential blur. His creations also included sheer, slippery-looking nylon tops. You might win some sex points in such a top. Then again,it might be another cheap-jack moment waiting to take you down. Peter Som’s collection had lots going for it. Packed with orchid prints, cotton sateen and poplin, and icy pastels, it had a glossy femininity. For every bustier dress in a pink-and-blue or- chid print or shirtdress with a puffball hem, there was a pair of matchstick pants or a blue lace T-shirt with slouchy hip-hop shorts in an or- chid print (from his collaboration with Earnest Sewn, and pretty terrific). The unifying element was Mr. Som’s evident playfulness with color and pattern, including snakeskin patchwork, while maintaining fairly simple shapes. “Fifty shades of Wu!” trilled Tim Blanks, of Style.com, at the exit of Jason Wu’s leather-and- lace rampage on Friday. He was referring to the weird, ever-present harnesses meant to toughen the froth. I hung my head in shame: my summer reading had been incomplete. As steamy as all this may sound, Mr. Wu’s mostly black-and-white clothes (he was inspired by the photographs of Hel- mut Newton and Lillian Bassman) were refined. Lace corset dresses looked richly detailed without being sappy; in fact, they looked like the sort of things a young woman would love to wear. And the mixture of rompers and smartly tailored tuxedos (with shorts) indi- cated how well Mr. Wu lines up his commercial ducks for the stores. Like great fashion photography, couture has been exhaustively mined and recombined with vernacular styles like workwear. Watching the Creatures of the Wind show, which included green-and-white gingham and boxy shirts in blue chambray, I thought I was sitting at a Wool- worth’s counter in the 1960s, or stopping at a fill- ing station, where the attendants were neatly uniformed. That may or may not be a good thing, but the designers,Shane Gabier and Chris Pe- ters,seem a little hemmed in by their research. Some fresh air would be nice. Approaching Lisa Perry’s presentation, I saw a bride and groom, with their attendants, all decked in hot pink and gray satin. The groom (or maybe it was his best man) was enjoying a ciga- rette, as if it were a postcoital smoke. In the mid- dle of the afternoon on Madison. The hot pink made me think of Ms. Perry, who loves those poppy Ellsworth Kelly colors. But she was quite sensible in her fashion, even ador- able, with her chartreuse and bubble-gum- pink mini-shifts and a starry jumpsuit. For a few minutes, I let the fraught world pass by. Plenty to Pull You Away From Poolside New York Collections Creatures of the Wind, Jason Wu, Lisa Perry, Peter Som, Richard Chai Love NOWFASHION ELIZABETH LIPPMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES MARILYNN K. YEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES EVAN SUNG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES JASON WU Alace blouse, leather harness and embossed crocodile shorts. RICHARD CHAI LOVE A cotton tech zip-front shell and neoprene biker shorts. PETER SOM Floral plaid silk crepe in a blouse and long skirt. CREATURES OF THE WIND A layered metallic brocade skirt and a silk corset top. LISA PERRY Pop Art colors, trapeze shapes, a star pattern jumpsuit. CATHY HORYN FASHION REVIEW C1 N SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 As a plethora of election-year polls and surveys indicate, Americans are fed up with a deeply dys- functional Washington paralyzed by partisan gridlock and increasingly incapable of dealing with the daunt- ing problems facing the nation: a White House plagued by infighting, disorganization and inconsistent leadership; a Republican Party bent on obstruction and increasingly beholden to its insurgent right wing; and a Congress rived by party rivalries, intraparty power struggles, petty turf wars and an inability to focus on long-term so- lutions instead of temporary Band-Aids. Bob Woodward’s depressing and often tedious new book,“The Price of Politics,” reads like a mi- nutely detailed illustration of these woes. It focus- es on “the struggle between President Obama and the United States Congress to manage federal spending and tax policy for the three and one-half years between 2009 and the summer of 2012.” And the bulk of its narrative is devoted to behind-the- scenes negotiations that took place in the summer of 2011, as the country teetered on the brink of a potentially catastrophic default over the federal debt ceiling. Much of this story has already been told in lengthy articles in The New York Times Magazine by Matt Bai and in The Washington Post by Peter Wallsten, Lori Montgomery and Scott Wilson. “The Price of Politics” adds some colorful new de- Behind the Scenes, the Bloodiest Beltway Battle MICHIKO KAKUTANI BOOKS OF THE TIMES The Price of Politics By Bob Woodward Illustrated. 428 pages. Simon & Schuster. $30. An eclipse, when one celestial object obscures another, is fairly rare, just as the opening of a new experimental thea- ter is these days. The two came together on Thursday evening at the in- auguration of the BAM Fish- er in the Richard B. Fisher Building, a handsome per- formance destination on the Brooklyn Academy of Music campus, with flexible seating geared toward inti- mate works. The occasion was the pre- miere of “Eclipse,” a collaboration be- tween Jonah Bokaer, a choreographer, and Anthony McCall, a visual artist known for his light installations. For “Eclipse,” the audience is seated on four sides of the stage, which is cov- ered in dark carpet. While thin, the car- pet exudes a calming plushness that also absorbs the glare from Mr. McCall’s installation of 36 hanging light bulbs. The constellation extends over the stage, its single bulbs dangling at varying lengths. A former member of the Merce Cun- ningham Dance Company, Mr. Bokaer relies on visual design as a starting point for his choreography; at times, it feels as if he were playing a game of chess that pits sleek bodies against min- imalist structures. In “Eclipse” two so- los by Mr. Bokaer bookend a dance for four, in which Tal Adler-Arieli, C C Chang,Sara Procopio and Adam H. Weinert navigate the forest of hanging bulbs with a sense of purpose but too lit- tle drama. Wearing a reflective safety vest over a white shirt and pants —  Mr. McCall also designed the costumes — Mr. Bokaer darts throughout the space, per- forming a sequence of movements with tiny,whipping turns and even an unex- pected somersault. There are times when he pauses in front of a bulb, ex- tends an arm and causes it to light up. While this grows gimmicky, Mr. Bokaer, who is never more authoritative than when he’s dancing, burns through his tasks with a tranquil intensity. During this solo the other four danc- ers quietly enter the space, which ech- oes with David Grubbs’s sound design: the stuttering of a 16-millimeter projec- tor. As the dancers move gingerly, paus- ing in semi-static poses — balancing on RUBY WASHINGTON/THE NEW YORK TIMES Darting and Stuttering Through Many Points of Light Eclipse From left, C C Chang, Sara Pro- copio, Adam H. Weinert and Tal Adler- Arieli in this work by Jonah Bokaer and Anthony McCall at BAM Fisher. DANCE REVIEW GIA KOURLAS Continued on Page 7 Continued on Page 4 By MICHAEL CIEPLY TORONTO — “It’s a lie. I never said it. What- ever it is.” Those were the first words out of Alan Arkin as he walked into a room at the Shangri-La Hotel here on Friday morning. At 78, Mr. Arkin has been around long enough to poke fun at a film festival circuit he mostly avoids. But he does like Toronto — “How could I not like Canada?” he said. “They gave me two Canadian academy awards” — and he was in a playful mood as he prepared for the premiere of his new movie, “Argo,’’ on Friday evening. He was also more than willing to do his bit for the film, which is to be released commercially by Warner Brothers on Oct. 12. Mr. Arkin is not exact- ly the star of the movie, which tells a not entirely seri- ous but mostly true story set against the back- drop of the 1979 hostage crisis in Iran — not somewhere you’d normally look for laughs. Directed by Ben Affleck, who also plays the lead role, “Argo” was a surprise hit during a sneak preview at the Telluride Film Festival in Colorado last week. But Mr. Arkin was nowhere near the place. “It was Ben’s first time out with the picture, and my sense was he didn’t want me around,” said Mr. Arkin, who spoke as if he’d been writing the dialogue for his own characters in the dozens of movies he’s made over the years. As Mr. Arkin and any number of stars will at- test, it is not all fun and games on the festival cir- Working Hard On a Red Carpet CLAIRE FOLGER/WARNER BROTHERS PICTURES From left, John Good- man, Alan Arkin and Ben Affleck in “Argo.” Continued on Page 2 BOLZANO, Italy — On the classical music beat, I get to travel around the world to newsworthy premieres and performances:a great privilege. Yet when it comes time for a real summer vaca- tion, a complete break from music is appealing and beneficial. So for our recent European vaca- tion,my partner, Ben McCommon, and I decided to visit smaller cities in Germany and Austria and wind up here in Bolzano;to take in Al- pine towns and vineyards;do some hiking in the Dolomites;and,of special interest, visit the Iceman, known as Ötzi. Yes, the Iceman. In 1991, while walking in the Ötztal Alps on the Austrian-Italian border, two hikers from Germany came upon what looked like the frozen remains of someone who had suf- fered a fatal accident. It turned out to be the mummified body of a man who died, scientists es- timate, about 5,200 years ago, one of the great ar- chaeological finds in history. He was discovered along with a cache of fur clothing, birch bark con- tainers, tools and weapons. The Iceman now rests comfortably, though without much privacy, in a refrigerated chamber here at the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology. But you cannot go to Europe without coming ANTHONY TOMMASINI CRITIC’S NOTEBOOK Fleeing Music, But Finding It Everywhere Continued on Page 5 Broadcast live on MTV on Thursday night from the Staples Center in Los Angeles, the MTV Video Music Awards are now in their 29th year, making themolder than an overwhelming majority of the latest winners. But this is not a legacy awards show. Valued for its structured freespiritedness and to some degree its stylistic di- versity, the VMApresentation remains the annual ceremony with the greatest potential for shock, even if in recent years it’s rarely delivered on it. That’s because the stakes are lower than they’ve ever been. Musicians act out all year long, and seldomon MTV or any of its related properties. Still, year in and year out, big stars — if not quite the biggest — come to experience a coronation like the one their heroes had, even if it has depreciated in value. This Thursday the VMAs handed out just six awards in two hours. (More were announced online.) The members of the love triangle of Rihanna, Chris Brown and Drake all won: Rihanna’s “We Found Love” (featuring Calvin Harris) was video of the year; Mr. Brown’s “Turn Up the Music” was best male video; Drake’s “HYFR” (featuring Lil Wayne) was best hip-hop video. Drake’s label mate Nicki Minaj won best female video for “Starships.” LUCY NICHOLSON/REUTERS Rihanna, one of the Video Music Awards winners,performing at the show. MTV Awards: Slick if Not Shiny JON CARAMANICA CRITIC’S NOTEBOOK Continued on Page 7 He Lived to Tell the Tale (Repeatedly) A television critic can empathize with the unfortunate people in the new show “I Was Impaled.” Review, PAGE 2 . INSIDE C2 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 cuit. Kristen Stewart did some hard work here on Thursday night, as she showed up for a red carpet screening of “On the Road.” It was her first formal public ap- pearance since the messy, ex- cessively chronicled meltdown of her relationship with her “Twi- light” co-star Robert Pattinson. Ms. Stewart was stuck on the red carpet for 45 minutes or so, as “technical problems” — so de- scribed by Piers Handling, the festival’s chief executive — de- layed the jam-packed screening for which she had arrived. In a sheer black dress with blood-red flowers and stiletto heels — no scarlet letter for this woman — Ms. Stewart gamely worked a gallery of fans on her left and a gaggle of professional photographers on her right. Strobes flashed, publicists bus- tled, and only a handful of usu- ally polite Canadian film fans re- sorted to boos and some mild heckling. “On the Road,” an adaptation of the Jack Kerouac novel by the director Walter Salles, was poor- ly received at the Cannes film festival in May, but arrived here with some changes and did fine with Toronto’s voracious film fans. In a question-and-answer ses- sion after the screening, Mr. Handling asked Ms. Stewart how she managed to identify with her character, the young wife of the roguish Dean Moriarty, played by Garrett Hedlund. “She really just loves so open- ly, and I think that’s hard,” Ms. Stewart said. “That’s hard to take.” The crowd ate it up. When Mr. Handling threw the session open for a couple of questions, the first query, such as it was, signaled that Ms. Stewart had no endur- ing problem with her public. “Kristen, I’m a huge fan and I love you so much,” gushed a young woman who had been handed the mike. Mr. Arkin was to be on the hot seat both Friday and Saturday, through the gala screening, a glittery after-party and, possibly the toughest part of the ritual, a half-hour or so in a mosh pit with the international press. Asked whether he had ever had his personal life go public, Mr. Arkin said yes, sort of. “I remember reading in the trades a long time ago that I was having an affair with Liza Min- nelli, whom I’d never met,” he explained. Just when he was be- ginning to enjoy the notoriety, Mr. Arkin added, “she dumped me, and I was depressed, but I’d still never met her.” (His advice for Ms. Stewart: “If she pays any attention to it, she will be very sorry.”) According to the generally reli- able credits on the Internet Mov- ie Database,“Argo” is Mr. Arkin’s 15th film since “Little Miss Sunshine,” for which he won an Oscar as best supporting actor in 2007. On Friday Mr. Arkin said that count seemed impossibly high. Then again, he acknowl- edged, he does work a lot, be- cause of his mortgage payments. “Argo” is based on the story of Tony Mendez, a C.I.A. officer — played by Mr. Affleck — who managed to get a handful of Americans out of Iran during the hostage crisis by, almost unbe- lievably, pretending to be part of a film crew scouting locations for a movie fantasy called, of course, “Argo.” Secret details of the operation were eventually declassified and became the basis for both a memoir by Mr. Mendez and a 2007 account by Joshuah Bear- man in Wired. Those, in turn,be- came the underpinnings of a screenplay by Chris Terrio. In the film version Mr. Arkin doesn’t exactly steal the show. But he and John Goodman, his screen sidekick, are pretty much what Rosencrantz and Guilden- stern were to Hamlet:a couple of bit players who have a knack for finding center stage. Mr. Goodman plays John Chambers, a makeup artist who, before his death in 2001, became famous for his work on the “Star Trek” television series and films like “Planet of the Apes,” and not so famous for a series of clandes- tine escapades in which he as- sisted Mr. Mendez from time to time. Mr. Arkin plays the producer Lester Siegel, who is recruited by Mr. Chambers to set up a fake Los Angeles production compa- ny, and help man the phones, just in case wary Iranian officials might ring to confirm Mr. Men- dez’s story. Mr. Arkin said Mr. Mendez told him during a chat here on Thursday evening that the Siegel character was mostly a compos- ite, though somebody real was lurking behind it, somewhere. “But I wouldn’t swear to any of that in a court of law,” he add- ed. MIKE CASSESE/REUTERS Kristen Stewart arriving for the presentation of the film “On the Road” at the Toronto International Film Festival on Thursday. It Can Be Hard Work Walking the Red Carpet From First Arts Page Facing the public after a personal trauma (real or not) is part of the job. “I Was Impaled” isn’t neces- sarily the type of television show I would choose to watch, let alone write about. Except for one thing: I was impaled! It happened when I was 10 and living in what was then East Pakistan (now Ban- gladesh),and I’ve hardly stopped talk- ing about it since. New acquaintances bring up the topic of gross childhood injuries at their own risk. It takes virtual- ly no provocation for me to roll up my left sleeve and show off the lasting results of early 1970s third world surgery. So the announcement of “I Was Impaled” on Discovery Fit & Health (why not Spike?) made me nostalgic, like a cross-dresser hearing about a screening of “I Was a Male War Bride.” It also got me thinking. My impalement story is complicated, involving an ornamental iron fence, a wa- ger, a frantic Canadian expatri- ate, a Pakistan International Air- lines flight crew and a hacksaw. Sometimes I can see people’s at- tention wandering before I get to the part about my mother and the dish towel. Maybe the crew at Twofour, the British production company that made the show, could teach me something about streamlin- ing the plot and punching up the dramatic bits. After all, the hour- long premiere episode of “I Was Impaled” on Saturday squeezes in four complete stories of non- human objects taking up resi- dence inside humans. The first thing I noticed was that the impalement narrative has recurring elements. Like me, my fellow impalees recall the ini- tial puzzlement before the pain sets in, the surprising lack of blood and the importance of the rule set forth in the episode’s ti- tle, “Don’t Pull It Out” —an in- struction I had to give to several would-be helpful adults. Beyond that,the stories di- verge widely. The least useful to me is the case of the Georgia man who was nearly killed by a French fry that ripped an eight- inch gash in his esophagus. This seems like cheating, frankly — at no point was the French fry pro- truding from his body — but it is a home run from a reality TV standpoint, combining near death and mordant comic relief. As a bonus, the man’s wife ends the segment by saying that “God truly performed a miracle” when he saved her husband from his happy meal. (For the record, the source of the French fry wasn’t named.) Two of the other segments, while less unusual, have an ele- ment that I quickly realized was crucial: grisly photographic evi- dence. While there are no images of the Scottish woman who im- paled her head on a fence that were taken while her head was actually on the fence, there are shots taken at the hospital,show- ing the metal spike sticking out of her chin. The real bonanza comes with the case of the 86-year-old Ari- zona man who fell on a pair of gardening shears. While the doc- tors figured out how to proceed, multiple photos were taken of the shears protruding from the eye socket they had embedded them- selves in. No horror movie make- up person could have done better. Unfortunately,no one took any pictures while I was on the fence, or at the hospital afterward, so I’ll never be able to do my story full justice, though I do have the iron spike lying around somewhere. There were other storytelling ele- ments of “I Was Impaled” that I’ll have to continue to do without, like the image of a ticking clock, generic hospital shots and ani- mated-skeleton re-creations. One thing I might try, however: stand- ing still and staring at the camera while holding a token (a fishing spear, a bag of French fries). I probably won’t need to watch the show again, because it’s hard to imagine anyone’s story being more like mine than that of Kristy Scott in Scotland. The spiked iron fence, the misstep, the lack of pain and blood leading to a faulty appraisal of the circumstances — it’s all there, right down to the hacksaw and the Indian doctor. Of course, she fell on her head and not her arm, and she has cool operating room photos, which is why — along with some ethical considerations — she was a better candidate for “I Was Impaled.” I’ll keep waiting for “I Was Yelled At by an Editor on Deadline.” MIKE HALE TELEVISION REVIEW The Crazy Things That Get in People’s Heads. And Throats. AndEye Sockets. FIT & HEALTH I Was Impaled X-rays of a woman with a pencil lodged behind her eye for several years, shown on this series on Discovery Fit & Health on Saturday nights at 10, Eastern and Pacific times; 9, Central time. There’s nothing like having a spike in your body. I know. The New York Times Magazine illuminates the news. N C3 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Probation and a Fine For Shepard Fairey The artist Shepard Fairey,below, whose 2008 poster of Barack Obama became an op- timistic symbol of the last presidential cam- paign before spawning a bitter copyright battle with criminal overtones, was sen- tenced in federal court in Manhattan on Fri- day to two years of probation and a $25,000 fine for tampering with evidence in the case. Government prosecutors had argued that Mr. Fairey should serve time for his actions and he faced up to six months in prison. In February he pleaded guilty to a criminal contempt charge after admitting that he had destroyed documents and fabricated others to try to conceal the fact that he had used a particular Associated Press photograph of Mr. Obama as the source of his well-known “Hope” cam- paign poster. After he was sentenced by Judge Frank Maas, a United States magistrate, Mr. Fairey, 42, said in a statement:“My wrongheaded actions, born out of a moment of fear and embarrass- ment, have not only been financially and psychologically costly to myself and my family, but also helped to obscure what I was fighting for in the first place — the ability of artists everywhere to be inspired and freely create art without reprisal.” Mr. Fairey sued The Associated Press in 2009 after it contended that he had infringed the copyright of one of its photographs in creating the poster. In his suit Mr. Fairey claimed he had used a different photograph, but later admitted that he had been mistak- en and tried to cover up his error. When the case began in 2009, Mr. Fairey argued that his appropriation of Associated Press im- agery constituted fair use under copyright law. But the civil lawsuit was settled before that question was decided, and the two sides agreed to financial terms that were not dis- closed. RANDY KENNEDY Tough Times for Penumbra, St. Paul African-American Theater The Penumbra Theater in St. Paul, which describes itself as the country’s largest Afri- can-American stage company, has an- nounced that it is suspending programming this season until it can resolve a severe budget crunch. The theater, founded in 1976 and long a home for artists including Danny Glover and August Wilson, has laid off six of 16 full-time employees and cut $800,000 from its $2.7 million budget. It is now tapping board members, donors and artists across the country to help raise $340,000 by the end of the year so it can close the shortfall and produce “Spunk,” George C. Wolfe’s adapta- tion of stories by Zora Neale Hurston, next March, its lone offering. (The theater typical- ly presents three to five shows.) “If this is happening to us it is the canary in the coal mine,” Lou Bellamy, Penumbra’s founder and artistic director, said in an inter- view on Friday about the challenges facing black theater companies. “It would be such a shame if this knowledge and talent is let go. It’s a repository of culture and history that is sorely lacking in the black community.” FELICIA R.LEE For Proust Lovers, 153 Hours Of ‘Remembrance,’ Spoken Lovers of Proust,above, get out your headphones: Naxos AudioBooks,a division of the music label, has recorded all seven volumes of “Remembrance of Things Past” on CD — 120 discs that will take 153 hours to get through. The last one comes out on Oct. 29. Nicolas Soames, the publisher, said in an interview that the new version replaces an abridged edition — just 36 CDs — that the company recorded from 1996 to 2000. He said he believed that the 120-disc edition (also available for download), which will cost £380 (about $600), to be the longest audiobook in existence. It took 45 days of recording, spread over about a year, Mr. Soames said, for the reader, Neville Jason, to complete all 3,000 pages. Mr. Jason, 78, is a classically trained actor who not only recorded the book but also did the abridgment of the earli- er version and translated the final volume, which Proust’s first English translator, C.K. Scott Moncrieff, left unfinished at his death. Speaking by phone with the careful enun- ciation that once earned the diction prize at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Mr. Ja- son said: “These things sort of take over in ways you didn’t expect. This second time, it seemed such a massive task that I put it off for years. But once I started, it wasn’t so daunting: it’s just a question of keeping go- ing.” CHARLES McGRATH Blanchett and Huppert Play ‘The Maids’ in Sydney Cate Blanchett,below,will bid farewell to her role as co-artistic director of Sydney Theater Company by starring with Isabelle Huppert in a new production of “The Maids” as part of the company’s 2013 season. The Jean Genet play, about a pair of house servants with murderous designs on their employer, will be di- rected by Benedict An- drews. Its new translation is by Mr. Andrews and An- drew Upton, Ms. Blan- chett’s husband. At the start of the year Ms. Blan- chett and Mr. Upton said they would step down as co-artistic directors of Sydney Theater Company, after presenting several internationally acclaimed productions,in- cluding “A Streetcar Named Desire” (which starred Ms. Blanchett as Blanche DuBois) and “Uncle Vanya” (which featured her as Yelena). But last month the theater compa- ny said it had appointed Mr. Upton to stay on alone in a new term that begins next year. DAVE ITZKOFF Pitchfork Issues Apology Over Rapper Interview Pitchfork, the usually irreverent music blog, has apologized for publishing a video- taped interview with the Chicago rapper Chief Keef that was filmed at a shooting range and features images of the young hip- hop star firing a gun. “This concept was rushed and never should have happened,” Pitchfork’s editor, Mark Richardson, said in an online statement. He called the episode, “insensitive and irresponsible.” The decision to delete the video, which was recorded several months ago in New York City, from Pitchfork’s archive comes af- ter some less-than-sensitive comments ap- peared on Chief Keef’s Twitter account about the death of another young Chicago rapper named Lil JoJo. According to The Chicago Sun-Times, Lil JoJo, 18, whose real name is Joseph Coleman, was gunned down on Tuesday night in the Englewood neigh- borhood of Chicago. He had been engaged in a war of words with rival rappers, among them Chief Keef, who is 17, and had been feuding with a local street gang.Hours after the killing a message appeared on Chief Keef’s Twitter account that appeared to make light of Mr. Coleman’s death. JAMES C.McKINLEY Jr. Arts, Briefly THE NEW YORK TIMES Many, perhaps most, of the students seen in “Broadway or Bust,” a PBS documentary about the National High School Musi- cal Theater Awards, will not end up with careers in theater. But all of them seem to have already mastered vacuous showbiz- speak. The program, a three-parter that begins on Sun- day night, can’t seem to get enough of the same tidy clichés. One student after another pops in front of the camera to gush about how fabulously wonderful all the other competitors are and what a life-changing honor it is to be able to perform on a Broad- way stage and how wowie-zowie amazing New York is. Sure, the first of those senti- ments is commendable, but hear- ing it regurgitated by seemingly all 60 of the students in the com- petition deadens this documenta- ry. It wastes a lot of time that would have been better spent providing back stories for these eager young people or letting us see them actually perform. As it is, we get past the surface for only a handful, which leaves us watching three hours of televi- sion about strangers. This is really just a symptom of the fundamental problem with the program, which is that its main purpose,like that of the awards competition itself, is to promulgate the mythology of Broadway. The competition brings together students from all over the country who have won regional events for a one-night song-and-dance show at the Min- skoff, at which one male and one female student walk away with Jimmy Awards (named for the producer and theater owner James M. Nederlander) for best performance. Why must there be a “best”? Because apparently it’s impor- tant that would-be performers be indoctrinated early into the ab- surdly self-congratulatory side of show business, where stars log as much time at awards ceremo- nies as they do acting onstage or on screen. The documentary buys into this horse-race aspect of the Jim- mys, to its detriment. Doing so forces it to single out a few con- testants, in traditional competi- tion-doc style, to try to create who-will-win drama. So we see the same few students singing “Magic Foot” or “And I Am Tell- ing You I’m Not Going” repeated- ly, while numerous other contest- ants are not heard from at all ex- cept in bland group numbers. That’s too bad, because when this documentary occasionally veers from its “American Idol”- like path and shows us interac- tions between students and the theater professionals who are working with them, it can be quite rewarding. In Part 1 there’s a wonderful moment when Michael Feinstein stops by a rehearsal, accompa- nies a young man as he practices “They Can’t Take That Away From Me,” then gives him a cri- tique with an insightful explana- tion of how the Gershwins struc- tured the song and why a specific note (which the student missed) was used in a particular spot to take the tune upward. “It’s a song about contrast,” he tells the singer. “You’re short- changing yourself if you don’t go a step higher.” That kind of input, not the trumped-up competition, is the real value of the Jimmys (whose corporate supporters in- clude The New York Times). More such glimpses would have made for a better documen- tary. Instead we hear too many young people repeating plati- tudes that they seem to have heard on the Tony Awards, try- ing to sound like grown-ups when they lack the perspective and experience of adulthood. “Winning this competition would be the greatest thing that could ever happen to me,” one girl blubbers. Well, no; not even close. HENRY MCGEE Broadway or Bust This documentary, on PBS stations Sunday nights (check local listings),follows students in performance competitions. Go Give Your Regards, Then Come Back a Star TELEVISION REVIEW NEIL GENZLINGER A documentary follows a showbiz contest for high school students. C4 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 tails to earlier accounts and ex- amines the aftermath of the fail- ure of the president and Speaker John A. Boehner to reach a “grand bargain” in July 2011 in- volving cutting the deficit, rewrit- ing the tax code and rolling back the cost of entitlements.It also describes tensions between the White House and Capitol Hill, be- tween the Obama administration and Congressional Democrats and between Mr. Boehner and Representative Eric Cantor of Virginia, the House majority leader. Beyond the most hard-core fis- cal policy wonks, however, it’s difficult to imagine anyone out- side the Beltway being interested in this volume’s granular telling and retelling of these matters, its almost blow-by-blow chronicle of the maneuvering, haggling, grandstanding and ideological positioning that have taken root on both sides of the aisle. Most of “The Price of Politics” sticks like Velcro to its narrow fo- cus on the debt-ceiling negotia- tions, declining really to grapple with broader questions about the Obama administration’s handling of the economic crisis it inherited after the 2008 crash: the per- ceived successes and failures of its stimulus program; the infight- ing among members of its eco- nomic team; its much debated stewardship of the banking crisis and Wall Street reform; and its continuing struggles with unem- ployment and an underwater housing market. For these issues, the reader is better off turning to books like “The Escape Artists” by Noam Scheiber, “Confidence Men” by Ron Suskind, or Michael Hirsh’s “Capital Offense.” Like Mr. Woodward’s earlier books, “The Price of Politics” is based on lots of insider inter- views, conducted mostly on back- ground — meaning, Mr. Wood- ward writes, “the information could be used in the book but none of the sources would be identified by name” — along with supporting documents, meeting notes, e-mails and diaries. As a result, the narrative tends to re- flect the spin of people who talked the most — or the most persuasively — with Mr. Wood- ward: in this case, it would seem, Republican and Democratic Con- gressional officials, and some ad- ministration insiders. Large swaths of this book con- cern the depressing blame game the administration and Congres- sional Republicans waged against each other after talks be- tween President Obama and Mr. Boehner about the grand bargain abruptly collapsed. What caused that collapse? Depends which side you believe. Republicans have argued that the White House, nervous about how Congressional Democrats and the party’s base would react, “moved the goal posts” at the last minute, requesting an additional $400 billion on the revenue side. Democrats have suggested that Mr. Boehner walked away because he could not rally Repub- lican support for the deal. Within the White House, Mr. Woodward writes, many of those involved in the negotiations argued that Mr. Boehner “did not come close to steering his own ship”: “Instead of being a visionary trying to make a grand bargain, Boehner had, almost all alone, crawled out on a limb and watched as Eric Cantor and the Tea Party sawed it off.” Mr. Woodward provides a dra- matic account of the angry phone call in which Mr. Boehner told Mr. Obama that the deal was off. Mr. Woodward writes that Rob Nabors, a White House official, remembers the usually cool pres- ident gripping the phone so tight- ly that it looked as if it might break, displaying what Mr. Woodward calls “a flash of pure fury.” Mr. Boehner tells Mr. Wood- ward, “He was spewing coals.” . This is what Mr. Boehner said he told the president: “I’d put reve- nue on there if we had real changes in entitlement pro- grams. Every time we get there, you and I agree; all of a sudden you guys keep backing up, back- ing up, backing up. And now you call me and you want more reve- nue. It ain’t going to happen. I’m done with it.” Many aspects of this book’s portrait of Mr. Obama echo re- ports from other journalists and Washington insiders: a president who has not spent a lot of time cultivating relationships with members of Congress, Republi- can or Democrat, and who has similarly distant (if not down- right tense) relationships with business executives; an idealistic but sometimes naïve and over- confident chief executive with lit- tle managerial experience and lit- tle understanding of the horse- trading and deal-making that make Washington run (skills that, say, Lyndon B. Johnson pos- sessed in spades). The White House was in such disarray in the wake of the Re- publicans’ big win in the 2010 midterm elections, Mr. Wood- ward reports, that when the pres- ident went to make a congratula- tory call to Mr. Boehner, the in- coming House speaker, the Oba- ma staff had to scramble to find a phone number for him, eventually turning to a fishing buddy of somebody who worked for Mr. Boehner. Another scene in this book, from early 2009, describes Repre- sentative Nancy Pelosi of Califor- nia, then the House speaker, working with Harry Reid, the Senate majority leader, on last- minute details of the stimulus package when the president calls. As Mr. Obama — who’s been put on speakerphone — begins to de- liver a high-minded message about how important the bill is, Mr. Woodward reports, Ms. Pelosi “reached over and pressed the mute button on her phone,” so they could hear him but he could- n’t hear them as they continued number-crunching the bill. As for Mr. Boehner, he praises the Treasury secretary, Timothy F. Geithner, but criticizes the rest of the Obama team. In hindsight, the speaker tells Mr. Woodward: “They never had their act togeth- er. The president, I think, was ill served by his team. Nobody in charge, no process. I just don’t know how the place works.” It’s an accusation that echoes comments, cited in Mr. Suskind’s “Confidence Men,” that Lawrence H. Summers, the former chief White House economic adviser, reportedly made to the White House budget director, Peter Orszag: “We’re home alone. There’s no adult in charge.” (Mr. Summers has disputed comments attributed to him in that book, saying they were distorted or tak- en out of context.) In the past, Mr. Woodward has been known for writing straight- ahead narratives, with little anal- ysis, context or assessment. This changed with the last two of his four books on George W. Bush’s administration, “The War Within” and “State of Denial,” in which he came to the conclusion that Presi- dent Bush had “displayed impa- tience, bravado and unsettling personal certainty about his deci- sions” instead of real leadership. “The Price of Politics” ends with similar editorializing. Mr. Woodward writes that “the debt- limit crisis was a time of peril for the United States, its economy and its place in the global finan- cial order” and that “neither President Obama nor Speaker Boehner handled it particularly well,” unable to transcend “their fixed partisan convictions and dogmas.” His harshest words are re- served for Mr. Obama: “It is a fact that President Obama was handed a miserable, faltering economy and faced a recalcitrant Republican opposition. “But presidents work their will — or should work their will — on the important matters of national business. There is occasional dis- cussion in this book about Presi- dents Reagan and Clinton, what they did or would have done. Open as both are to serious criti- cism, they nonetheless largely worked their will. “Obama has not. The mission of stabilizing and improving the economy is incomplete.” Behind the Scenes, the Debt Crisis and the Bloodiest Battle of the Beltway From First Arts Page PHOTOGRAPHS BY STEPHEN CROWLEY/THE NEW YORK TIMES Speaker John A. Boehner, left, and the House majority leader, Eric Cantor, right, both key Republicans in “The Price of Politics.” CHIP SOMODEVILLA/GETTY IMAGES The other team in 2011: from left, William M. Daley, the White House chief of staff; Jay Carney, press secretary; David Plouffe, senior adviser; and Daniel Pfeiffer, communications director. JIM WATSON/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES Bob Woodward bridgebase.com, starting on Monday at 11 a.m. Eastern time. The diagramed deal from 2010 highlights the main effect of the point-a-board scoring used on each deal: overtricks are vital. The scores at two tables are com- pared. If one side has a net plus, whether it is 10 points or 2,000, that team receives two points. If there is a tie, each side gets one point. Both Souths were in four hearts. Jeff Meckstroth for the United States received a trump lead. When East helped by play- ing her queen, declarer won with his ace and immediately led a club to dummy’s queen, while he still had the heart jack as a dum- my entry. When the finesse won, South discarded a spade on the club ace and had 11 tricks: seven hearts, two diamonds and two clubs. Fantoni received a spade lead from Hamman (West). Zia Mah- mood (East) won with his ace and returned the spade three, lowest of three remaining cards. West, after winning with his king, would have done best to shift to a club, forcing declarer to decide immediately what to do. But per- haps hoping his partner had started with only two spades, West led the spade jack. South ruffed and cashed the heart ace. When the queen did not drop, declarer had 10 top tricks. He wanted to win an over- trick, but taking the club finesse was now risky. If it lost, South would fail in his laydown contract because he would never be able to cash the club ace. Delaying the decision, South ran all of his trumps, bringing ev- eryone down to four cards. West threw his last spade, two diamonds and one club. East dis- carded one spade, one diamond and two clubs. Next declarer cashed his top diamonds. When West followed once, then pitched a club, the deal had counted out. West was known to have begun with 4=2=3=4 distribution,and East with 4=2=4=3. This made the odds 4-to-3 that West had started with the club king. Even more telling, if West had had four low clubs, would he have thrown two diamonds from Q-10-5 and only one club? Surely not. So Fantoni played a club to dummy’s queen to win an over- trick and tie the board. Note that Fantoni would have risked going down if the defenders had dis- carded brilliantly, with East hav- ing come down to a singleton club king. The Buffett Cup, held every two years,is a tournament fash- ioned after the Ryder Cup in golf and usually held in the same area soon after the Ryder. This year, though, the fourth Buffett Cup will be played from Monday to Thursday in Omaha,the home- town of Warren Buffett, the tour- nament’s namesake. The Ryder Cup will be held at Medinah Country Club, Medinah, Ill., over the last six days of September. Each team has one women’s pair and five men’s.This year’s lineup: Europe: Sally Brock and Nico- la Smith (England);Michel and Thomas Bessis (father and son, France);Fulvio Fantoni and Claudio Nunes (Monaco);Paul Hackett (England) and Tom Han- lon (Ireland);Kalin Karaivanov and Rumen Trendafilov (Bulgar- ia);and Ricco van Prooijen and Louk Verhees (Netherlands). United States: Jill Levin and Jenny Wolpert;David Berkowitz and Alan Sontag;Curtis Cheek and Joe Grue;Fred Gitelman and Brad Moss;Bob Hamman and Justin Lall;and John Hurd and Joel Wooldridge. The United States has won two of the previous three Buffett tour- naments.The Buffett format ech- oes that of the Ryder Cup, with individual, pair and team events. Play can be watched at Phillip Alder Bridge NORTH(D) S 8 7 2 h J 6 d 9 7 3 C A Q J 7 5 WEST S K J 6 4 h 9 7 d Q 10 5 C K 9 4 2 EAST S A 10 5 3 h Q 5 d J 8 6 2 C 10 8 3 SOUTH S Q 9 h A K 10 8 4 3 2 d A K 4 C 6 Both sides were vulnerable. The bidding: West North East South — Pass Pass 1 h Pass 1 N.T. Pass 4 h Pass Pass Pass West led the spade four. Previews Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3 CHAPLIN THE MUSICAL The Big Musical About the Little Tramp Wed 2&7:30;Th 7;Fri 8;Sat 2&8;Sun 3 Telecharge.com/212-239-6200 www.ChaplinBroadway.com Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street BEST MUSICAL 2006 Tony Award Winner Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3 "IT WILL RUNFORCENTURIES!"—Time JERSEY BOYS Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3 Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200 Group Discounts (15+):877-536-3437 JerseyBoysBroadway.com August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St. Today at 2 &8 DISNEYand CAMERONMACKINTOSH present MARY POPPINS Tickets &info:MaryPoppins.com or call 866-870-2717 Groups (15+):800-439-9000 Tue-Thu 7;Fri 8;Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30 NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St. Today at 2 &8 2012 TONYAWARDWINNER! Best Original Score Best Choreography DISNEYpresents NEWSIES Tickets &info:NewsiesTheMusical.com or call (866) 870-2717 Groups (15+) 800-439-9000 Mo - We 7:30;We 2;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3 Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St. THE HILARIOUS TONY-WINNINGNEWMUSICAL! Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3 MATTHEWBRODERICK KELLI O'HARA NICE WORK IF YOU CAN GET IT Music &Lyrics by GEORGE GERSHWIN&IRAGERSHWIN Book by JOE DIPIETRO Directed and Choreographed by KATHLEENMARSHALL Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200 Tu&Th 7;We,Fr&Sa 8;We&Sa 2;Su 3 NiceWorkOnBroadway.com Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street Today at 2 &8 WINNER!BEST MUSICAL 2012 TONYAWARD ONCE ANewMusical Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200 Tues 7,Wed-Sat 8,Wed &Sat 2,Sun 3 OnceMusical.com The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St. WINNER!5 TONYAWARDS "An absurdly funny fantastical journey." —Entertainment Weekly PETER AND THE STARCATCHER Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929 Tue -Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8;Sun 3 PeterandtheStarcatcher.com Groups (12+) 877-321-0020 Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th TODAYAT 2 &8 "IMPOSSIBLE TORESIST." -NewYork Times Critic's Pick ROCK OF AGES Broadway's Best Party Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200 Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30 www.RockOfAgesMusical.com Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St. Broadway's High Flying Spectacular! Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3 SPIDER-MAN TURN OFF THE DARK 877-250-2929 or Ticketmaster.com Tu- Th 7:30;Fr &Sa 8;We 1:30;Sa 2;Su 3 SpiderManOnBroadway.com Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St. Today at 2 &8 DISNEYpresents THE LION KING The Landmark Musical Event Tickets &info:LionKing.com or call 866-870-2717 Groups (15+):800-439-9000 Tu-We 7;Th-Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &6:30 Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street Today at 2 &8 Visit Telecharge.comor call 212-239-6200/800-432-7250 THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2 Grps:800-BROADWAYor 212-239-6262 Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St. Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3 BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner Lincoln Center Theater presents ANational Theatre of Great Britain Production WAR HORSE Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3 Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200 Groups 12+:212-889-4300 WarHorseOnBroadway.com Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St. "Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster" —The NewYork Times Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3 WICKED Tu &We 7;Th-Sa 8;We &Sa 2;Su 3 Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929 Groups:646-289-6885/877-321-0020 WickedtheMusical.com Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St. "SCREAMINGLYFUNNY!"- AP EXTENDEDTHRUOCT 21 BULLET FOR ADOLF By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman Directed by Woody Harrelson M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7 Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200 NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street BulletForAdolf.com TODAYAT 2,5&8 "THE SHOWROCKS!"-NY Times Experience the Phenomenon "ASENSATION!"- TIME Magazine BLUE MAN GROUP 1-800-BLUEMAN - BLUEMAN.COM Mon,Wed-Fri 8,Sat 2,5&8,Sun 2&5 Groups of 15+:(212) 260-8993 Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St. THE MUSICAL HIT OF THE SEASON EXTENDEDAGAIN!NOWTHRUSEPT 30 NewYork Times'CRITICSPICK! "ATruly Magical Experience!"- AP MALTBYANDSHIRE'S CLOSER THAN EVER Tues 7;Wed-Fri 8;Sat 2:30 &8;Sun 2:30 TIX:212 935 5820 or YorkTheatre.org York Theatre@St.Peter's,54th E.of Lex Today 2:30&8,Tom'w3&7-Thru 10/6 only! "EXHILARATING!"-The NewYorker "" (COCKFIGHTPLAY.com) by MIKE BARTLETT Directed by JAMESMACDONALD The Duke on 42nd Street - 229 W.42 St. For Tix:Dukeon42.org or 646-223-3010 Tues-Sat 8,Sun 7;Sat 2:30,Sun 3 Today at 2 &8 BRANDNEWEDITION! FORBIDDEN BROADWAY: ALIVE AND KICKING! Tu 8,W2 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 7:30 Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200 47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street ForbiddenBroadway.com NYT Critics'Pick!"Not to be missed!" Primary Stages presents HARRISON,TX:THREE PLAYS BY HORTON FOOTE Directed by PamMacKinnon Tue-Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 7 212-279-4200/primarystages.org 59E59 Theaters,59 E.59th St. "SURREAL ANDHAUNTING"-Newsday EXTENDED! Today at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM! Signature Theatre presents HEARTLESS by SamShepard directed by Daniel Aukin Tues-Fri at 7:30,Wed at 2, Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2 212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org The Pershing Square Signature Center 480 West 42nd Street "ANON-STOPLAUGHFEST!" —The Huffington Post Today at 2 &8 OLD JEWS TELLING JOKES Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8 Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3 Telecharge.com/212-239-6200 www.ojtjonstage.com The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St. Today at 3 &8 "BRILLIANT,EXUBERANT AND INFECTIOUS."—Holden,NYTimes STOMP Tue-Fri at 8;Sat at 3 &8;Sun at 2 &5:30 Ticketmaster:(800) 982-2787 Groups 10+:toll free (855) 203-9980 www.stomponline.com OrpheumTheatre,Second Ave at 8th St. Today at 2&8PM! Signature Theatre presents THE TRAIN DRIVER written and directed by Athol Fugard Tue-Fri at 7:30;Wed at 2;Sat at 2&8 212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org The Pershing Square Signature Center 480 West 42nd Street "EXTRAORDINARY!"- The NewYorker Today at 2:30 &7:30 TRIBES ANewPlay by NINARAINE Directed by DAVIDCROMER Tu-Fr 7:30;Sa 2:30 &7:30;Su 2:30 &7:30 SmartTix.comor 212-868-4444 www.TribesThePlay.com BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt. BROADWAY OFF−BROADWAY N C5 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Branded Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by Jamie Bradshaw and Alexander Doulerain 1 hour 46 minutes Madison Avenue is going to hate “Branded,” an ambitious Russian movie released on Friday without screenings for critics and with barely an ad cam- paign. Perhaps the lack of hype should come as no surprise: this fantastical fa- ble takes aim at marketing itself with an intriguing if tendentious narrative. Ed Stoppard plays Misha, a Moscow filmmaker and advertising wizard seek- ing a partnership in the agency of his manipulative mentor, Bob Gibbons (Jeffrey Tambor), without success. A re- freshingly spirited Leelee Sobieski por- trays Bob’s daughter, Abby, who has ambitions to be Misha’s partner in an agency and in bed. (“Dating gets in the way of business,” Misha tells Abby. “I don’t think anything gets in the way of business,” she replies.) While they canoodle, a marketing mo- gul (Max von Sydow) in Polynesia plots a scheme to help a fast-food chain, the Burger (“the taste of freedom”), con- quer Russia. His strategy: use “Ex- treme Cosmetics,” a reality TV series about weight surgery, to redefine over- weight people as models of pulchritude. But divinity — in the form of a cow constellation — intervenes, and Misha acquires the ability to see brands as or- ganic forms,attached like billowing, computer-generated cancers to their hu- man hosts. (The Burger entity’s colors resemble Ronald McDonald’s.) Misha must end the madness, but not before a corporate conflagration of cheesy digital effects rages over the Moscow skyline, with entities representing fictitious yet familiar-sounding brands like Dimsong, Monolit and Yepple Electronics. Does Misha silence the beasts? Let’s just say Moscow looks better without billboards. ANDY WEBSTER “Branded” is rated R (Under 17 requires accompanying parent or adult guardian) for strong language and oversaturation levels of logos and product pitching. Raaz 3 Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by VikramBhatt In Hindi,with English subtitles 2 hours 19 minutes Beware an actress bearing a grudge — especially one with access to black magic. In “Raaz 3,” a 3-D Bollywood hor- ror film and romance, evil water is the vehicle for casting spells. Put a few drops in your enemy’s drink,and she will be attacked by, variously, a vicious clown in a bright orange wig; a hand reaching out from the television; and a swarm of flying,roachlike creatures that funnel up from the bathroom pipes. In one of the movie’s best uses of 3-D, those flying pests seem to be coming straight off the screen at viewers’ heads. Directed by Vikram Bhatt, “Raaz 3” stars Bipasha Basu as Shanaya, a Bolly- wood star sent into a psychotic spiral when the industry’s best actress award goes to a rival (Esha Gupta). Taking a trip to a slum in her Mercedes and Jack- ie O. sunglasses, Shanaya finds a spirit who gives her a vial of do-bad-things water. She enlists her director boyfriend (Emraan Hashmi) to poison the rival, and guess what? He falls in love with her. Part gothic “All About Eve,” part Indi- an-inflected Orpheus and Eurydice (there are rescue trips to the spirit world), part 3-D “Poltergeist,” part lots of other things, “Raaz 3” seems most conspicuously a Bollywood product: a hybrid that takes what it needs from myths and movies to tell a romantic story with a neat moral. And, yes, there are songs and dances. The filmworld setting could be better exploited and Shanaya’s jealousy made less mechanical, but “Raaz 3” delivers other goods:some horror thrills, some true-love-versus-evil thrills and some unusually steamy bits. Both the good girl and bad have sex scenes and, more startlingly, long, passionate kisses with Mr. Hashmi. (And Ms. Basu’s va-voom physique is on frequent display.) As for the 3-D, it fits nicely with and enhances Bollywood’s prevailing aes- thetic of artificiality. Mr. Bhatt illus- trates that here in a satisfying movie- within-a-movie moment. In the middle of a dance number he stops and pulls back. We see the cameraman shooting the scene on his crane, which,as it moves,seems to float and hover right over us in our theater seats. Cut! RACHEL SALTZ “Raaz 3” is rated R (Under 17 requires accompanying parent or adult guardian). It has open-mouth kisses, lots of flesh and a poor servant girl full of glass shards. Film in Review FIP Bipasha Basu, center, in a Bollywood horror tale directed by Vikram Bhatt. ROADSIDE ATTRACTIONS Divine intervention influences Ed Stoppard’s character in “Branded.” into contact with its rich musical herit- age. So my vacation wound up having unanticipated musical components, es- pecially during five days in Bolzano. In working out plans, I had completely for- gotten that our stay here would co- incide with the Busoni International Pi- ano Festival, and the preliminary rounds of its prestigious competition, which will hold its finals here next year. So one evening I heard six young contestants play for about 20 minutes each. The next night, as part of the fes- tival, I heard a recital by the master Russian pianist Grigory Sokolov, an un- compromising artist with strong inter- pretive ideas. For whatever reasons, Mr. Sokolov, who is all business in per- formance, has not played often in America. That these performances came at the end of our vacation was a good thing. By that time,I missed hear- ing music terribly. But first let me report on visiting two of the three castles that King Ludwig II of Bavaria had built for his own pleas- ure. Ludwig (1845-86), a passionate devotee and patron of Wagner, suc- ceeded to the throne a few months be- fore his 19th birthday. When the king of Prussia became the emperor of a uni- fied Germany in 1871, Ludwig grew in- creasingly detached from Bavarian politics and retreated into an insular world of his own design. Of the three castles he had built (none of which he needed), his favorite was the Linderhof. This resplendent palace and park south of Munich are like a Bavarian Versailles on a much smaller scale. And scattered on the spa- cious grounds are re-creations of scenes and settings from the Wagner operas. There is a Venus Grotto right out of “Tannhäuser,” with artificial rocks, a murky pool and a painted backdrop de- picting Tannhäuser, a medieval knight and minstrel, being attended to by Ve- nus and her retinue. Periodic light shows bathe the space in blues and greens, and a waterfall is turned on and off to delight tourists. From the outside this erotic grotto looks like a construc- tion site covered with tarps, perhaps an intentional effect to make the place seem like a hideaway. Inside, it is just damp, dark and silly. There is also Hunding’s Hut, the for- est dwelling Wagner lovers encounter in Act I of “Die Walküre,” where the brutish Hunding lives with Sieglinde, his oppressed and miserable wife. The hut at the Linderhof has the requisite ash tree growing through the roof and antlers hanging on the walls. King Lud- wig liked to sit in the hut on bearskin rugs and read books. The original hut, deep in the forests of Ammerwald, burned down twice and was exactingly rebuilt on the castle grounds in 1990. The castle’s pond still maintains swans. In his day Ludwig, like Lohengrin, who first appears in the Wagner opera in a boat drawn by swans, enjoyed having himself rowed about the waters in a golden shell boat. The nearby Neuschwanstein, famous from tourist posters promoting Ba- varia, is the multitowered Romanesque Revival castle in the mountains that was a model for the fairy tale castle at Disneyland. But I had no idea just how much Neuschwanstein, a building many architecture critics consider kitsch, was Ludwig’s meticulous homage to his idol. Mural after mural presents scenes from Nordic mythology and medieval Ger- man romances that Wagner drew on in his operas. The dining room table has a bronze sculpture of Siegfried slaying the dragon. We spent several days in the German town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the same area as the castles, where Richard Strauss had a country home, which he moved to full time in his later years, in- cluding the period of World War II. We visited the Richard Strauss Institute, a small, well-run library and archive. Strauss’s actual home, filled with his books and scores and surrounded by lovely grounds offering beautiful moun- tain views, is kept just as it was by his descendants, led by a grandson who lives a few houses away. But the house is closed to the public. We took photos from the gates. Bolzano (or Bozen, its German name), an enchanting place in the foot- hills of the Tyrolean Alps, was part of Austria until it became part of Italy af- ter World War I. The city and the region blend German and Italian culture and customs. Everyone seems to speak both languages. And,as I discovered after arriving, the Busoni competition was going on. Bolzano is an ideal place for this con- test, since Ferruccio Busoni, the influ- ential pianist and composer, who died in 1924, dedicated his life to bridging Ger- man and Italian artistic traditions. I attended an evening session at the Monteverdi Conservatory. This is a very traditional competition: contest- ants are required to prove themselves technically in the preliminaries by play- ing two études, including one by Liszt or Chopin. Three of the six young pianists that night chose Chopin’s “Winter Wind” Étude. That Mehdi Ghazi, a sen- sitive Algerian pianist, played a Ligeti étude,and that Maddalena Giacopuzzi, a nimble-fingered, lively Italian pianist, included an early Haydn piano sonata made these artists stand out for me. From more than 300 applicants, 131 were chosen to play in the preliminary rounds. The seven judges, it was just announced, have selected 24 pianists among them for the final rounds next year (including Mr. Ghazi and Ms. Gia- copuzzi),a job I would not have wanted. How do you rank such technically skilled and diversely gifted pianists, who are still forming artistically? Mr. Sokolov, burly and stern-faced at 62, was a Russian prodigy who won the 1966 International Tchaikovsky Piano Competition when he was 16. For this recital the Joseph Haydn Auditorium was packed,and the ovations were tre- mendous. Showing refined musical taste, Mr. Sokolov began with a 30-minute suite by Rameau. He played this Baroque music with rich sound, taking full ad- vantage of the modern piano. Yet many beguiling phrases were dispatched with elegant delicacy and crisp embellish- ments. He followed with Mozart’s Sona- ta in A minor (K. 310), which in this stormy performance came across as the monumental, pathbreaking work it is. After intermission he gave a spectac- ular account of Brahms’s demanding “Handel Variations” that blended steely power and textural intricacy. Though exciting,the performance was a little joyless. After the colossal fugue that brings the work to a rousing con- clusion, Mr. Sokolov took the briefest bow and immediately began Brahms’s Three Intermezzos (Op. 117), to end the program. In his probing performances these pensive and mystical late Brahms works seemed anything but anticlimac- tic. Then, never once smiling, Mr. Soko- lov kept returning to the stage until he had played six encores. The recital ended at 11:40, too late, alas, for one more dessert and a night- cap at an outdoor cafe before leaving the next morning to head home. Fleeing Music on a Vacation, but Finding It Everywhere A.P./SOUTH TYROL MUSEUM OF ARCHAEOLOGY JOHANNES SIMON/GETTY IMAGES GREGOR KHUEN BELASI From First Arts Page Above, the Venus Grotto, inspired by “Tannhäuser,” in Linderhof Pal- ace south of Munich. Right, Grigory Sokolov at the Busoni International Piano Festival. Top left, the Iceman, a strictly nonmusical mummy. King Ludwig’s Wagnerian haunts and a piano festival. C6 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 EVENI NG 7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00 2 WCBS CBS-2 Special: Komen N.Y.C. Run 2012 U.S. Open Tennis Women’s final. From the USTA National Tennis Center in Flushing, Queens. (CC) (HD) 48 Hours Mystery “Shelley’s Last Breath.” A convicted killer may be released. (CC) NEWS (N) (CC) (HD) Jets Huddle (11:35) > CSI: Miami “Resurrection.” (CC) (HD) (12:05) 4 WNBC Life According to Ben (PG) LX.TV 1stLook Lifestyle trends. (CC) (G) America’s Got Talent The judges reveal the Top Six; Train. (CC) (HD) (PG) > Law & Order: SVU “Justice Denied.” One of Benson’s old cases is reopened. (CC) (HD) (14) > Law & Order: SVU “Strange Beauty.” The team looks for a missing teen. (CC) (HD) (14) NEWS David Ushery. (N) (CC) (HD) Saturday Night Live Jimmy Fallon; Michael Bublé performs. (CC) (HD) (14) (11:29) 5 WNYW Fox College Sat- urday (CC) (HD) College Football Nebraska vs. U.C.L.A. (CC) (HD) NEWS Christina Park. (N) (CC) Touch “Lost and Found.” Teller visits Jake. (CC) (HD) (PG) (11:35) 7 WABC Nascar Count- down (HD) Nascar Racing Sprint Cup: Federated Auto Parts 400. From Richmond International Raceway in Virginia. (HD) NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe Torres. (N) (CC) (HD) Brothers & Sis- ters “All in the Family.” (HD) (PG) 9 WWOR House “Love Hurts.” House and Cameron’s relationship. (CC) (HD) The Closer “The Big Bang.” The squad has difficulty adjusting. (HD) The Closer “Help Wanted.” Brenda investigates a disappearance. (HD) > Law & Order “Rage.” A Wall Street executive’s murder. (HD) (PG) Giants Access Blue (CC) > Everybody Loves Raymond That ’70s Show (CC) (14) 11 WPIX Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD) Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD) CW Fall First Look (N) (HD) Ricki’s Back (CC) > Friends (CC) (14) > Friends (CC) (14) NEWS (N) (CC) (HD) It’s Always Sun- ny in Phila. It’s Always Sunny in Phila. Futurama (CC) (HD) (PG) 13 WNET The This Old House Hour Replac- ing cracked asphalt. (CC) (G) Fawlty Towers “Anniversary.” (G) As Time Goes By (CC) (PG) . Diner (1982). Steve Guttenberg, Mickey Rourke. Young Baltimore pals and hangout. Winning. (R) Please Give (2010). Catherine Keener. Wealthy woman feels guilty. Rigged for outrage. (R) (10:55) 21 WLIW Dr. Fuhrman’s Immunity Solution!Judy Collins Live at the Metropolitan Museum Doo Wop Love Songs (My Music) Romance and teenage love songs. (G) Robert Plant & the Band of Joy 25 WNYE NEWS European Jrnl Travels to Edge Rudy Maxa Lidia’s Italy Winemakers Secrets $9.99 Private Sessions “Ringo Starr.” Video Music 31 WPXN Psych Shawn discovers a body. (PG) Psych “Last Night Gus.” (CC) (PG) Psych “This Episode Sucks.” (CC) Psych (CC) (PG) Psych “Dead Man’s Curveball.” (PG) Psych (CC) (PG) 41 WXTV La Familia P. Luche (CC) (HD) Sábado Gigante (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) Noticias 41 Noticiero Desmadrugados 47 WNJU The Haunted Mansion (2003). Eddie Murphy. (PG) (CC) (HD) Cradle 2 the Grave (2003). Jet Li, DMX. (R) (CC) (HD) Noticias Titulares Tele.12 Corazones 48 WRNN Food for the Poor Paid programming 49 CPTV Oscar Hammerstein II, Out of My Dreams (CC) (G) Straight No Chaser — Live in New York: Holiday Trans-Siberian Orchestra Jesse Cook: Live in Concert The guitarist performs. 50 WNJN Great Performances: Andrea Bocelli Live in Central Park (CC) (6:30) Ed Sullivan’s Top Performers 1966-1969 (My Music) (CC) (PG) Dr. Fuhrman’s Immunity Solution! (CC) (G) 55 WLNY Toni On The Insider (N) House “Love Hurts.” (CC) (HD) The Unit “Paradise Lost.” (HD) (14) Judge Judy (PG) Judge Judy (PG) America’s Court America’s Court Toni On 63 WMBC Paid programming Blogumentary CGN World The King of Legend (PG) Paid programming Sinovision (In Chinese) (PG) Paid programming 68 WFUT Un Monje a Prueba de Balas (2003). (PG-13) (6:30) La Leyenda del Tesoro Perdido (2004). Nicolas Cage, Hunter Gomez. (PG) (CC) (HD) Sólo Boxeo PREMI UM CABLE ENC Are We There Yet? (2005). Ice Cube, Nia Long. (PG) (CC) (6:20) Billy Madison (1995). Adam Sandler. Millionaire forces son to redo grades 1 to 12. Brainless. (PG-13) The Postman (1997). Kevin Costner, Will Patton. Postapocalyptic America, 2013. Truly awful. (R) (CC) FLIX Rumble Fish (1983). Matt Dillon, Mickey Rourke. (R) (CC) (6:25) Phenomenon (1996). Small-town Everyman transformed into telekinetic genius. The film, however, starts smart, finishes dumb. (PG) (CC) . The Hours (2002). Meryl Streep. Virginia Woolf and two women affected by her. Delicate, austere and deeply moving. (PG-13) (10:05) . The House of the Spirits (1993). HBO Klitschko (2011). (HD) (5:30) ● Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close (2011). Tom Hanks. Boy traverses New York to solve mystery. Treats 9/11 as kitsch. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) Boxing Chad Dawson vs. Andre Ward, super middleweights. (CC) (HD) (9:45) HBO2 . J. Edgar (2011). Leonardo DiCaprio, Naomi Watts. (R) (CC) (HD) (5:40) Veep “Full Disclosure.” (HD) Veep “Tears.” (CC) (HD) (MA) Due Date (2010). Robert Downey Jr. Architect has to take road trip with rube. The joke is on us. (R) (CC) (HD) Vampires Suck (2010). Matt Lanter, Jenn Proske. Twilight. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (10:45) Real Time With Bill Maher (HD) MAX . Jaws (1975). Roy Scheider, Robert Shaw. Spielberg’s beach-resort shark. You won’t doze. (PG) (CC) (HD) (6:50) Strike Back Section 20 relocates to Cape Town. (CC) (HD) (MA) The Hangover Part II (2011). Bradley Cooper, Ed Helms. (R) (CC) (HD) Strike Back Section 20 relocates to Cape Town. (CC) (HD) (MA) (11:45) SHO Our Idiot Brother (2011). Paul Rudd. (R) (CC) (HD) (6:30) Jay Mohr: Funny for a Girl (N) (CC) (HD) (MA) Boxing Devon Alexander vs. Randall Bailey. IBF welterweight title fight. (HD) All Access (HD) Weeds “Thresh- old.” (CC) (HD) SHO2 . The Company Men (R) (HD) (6) The Twilight Saga: New Moon (2009). Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson. Bella meets the werewolves. Juiceless and nearly bloodless. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (7:45) The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2010). Bella must choose between vamp and wolf. More entertaining than its predecessors. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (9:55) Big Brother After Dark (N) STARZ Burlesque (2010). Cher, Christina Aguilera. Iowa girl dances at L.A. club. Dull and squeaky-clean tease-o-rama. (PG-13) (CC) ● The Vow (2012). Rachel McAdams, Channing Tatum. Man tries to restore wife’s memory. Forgetability wins. (PG-13) (CC) 30 Minutes or Less (2011). Pizza-delivery guy forced to rob bank. Frantically unfunny. (R) (CC) (10:55) TMC The Rock (1996). Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage. Breaking into Alcatraz to thwart threats of mass destruction. Slam-bang nonsense. (R) (HD) (6:30) Southern Gothic (2007). Yul Vazquez. Strip-club bouncer must save girl from undead preacher. Believers (2007). Johnny Messner, Jon Huertas. Paramedics are captured by suicidal cult. (R) (CC) (HD) (10:35) CABLE 7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00 A&E Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG) Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (PG) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (PG) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (14) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (PG) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (PG) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (PG) American Hog- gers (HD) (11:01) American Hog- gers (HD) (11:31) Storage Wars Texas (HD) (PG) ABCFAM Princess Diaries 2 . A Bug’s Life (1998). Animated. (G) (HD) . A Bug’s Life (1998). Animated. (G) (HD) Willy Wonka AMC Into the West “Wheel to the Stars.” (HD) (Part 1 of 6) (14) (6) . Apollo 13 (1995). Tom Hanks, Bill Paxton. Astronauts in peril. Spellbinding true story. (PG) (CC) (HD) Mission to Mars (2000). Noble astronauts, via De Palma. In space, no one can hear you snore. (PG) (CC) (HD) APL My Cat From Hell (CC) (HD) (PG) My Cat From Hell “Bitten.” (N) (HD) Tanked “Nuclear Family.” (N) (HD) Tanked: Unfiltered (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked “Nuclear Family.” (HD) (PG) Tanked: Unfltrd BBCA Star Trek: The Next Generation Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG) Doctor Who (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) Copper Racial tension builds. (HD) Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG) Doctor Who (HD) BET The Janky Promoters (2009). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Concert promoters get in over their heads. (R) (CC) (HD) The Best Man (2006, TVF). Keeley Hawes, Toby Stephens. Woman unwittingly disrupts new husband’s relationship with friend. (CC) Mama, I Want to Sing (2010). Ciara, Lynn Whitfield. (PG) (HD) BIO Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD) uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained Ghost Stories BLOOM > Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Bloomberg Political Capital Sportfolio (HD) > Charlie Rose (CC) (HD) Money Moves Bloomberg Political Capital BRV The Real Housewives of Atlanta “Fresh Princes.” (14) The Real Housewives of Atlanta Kandi works on a sex-toy line. (8:08) The Real Housewives of Atlanta “Happiness & Joy.” Cynthia hosts a model call. (14) (9:15) The Real Housewives of Atlanta (Part 1 of 3) (14) (10:23) The Real Housewives of Atlanta “Reunion Part 2.” (Part 2 of 3) (14) CBSSN S.E.C. Tonight College Football Louisiana Tech vs. Houston. (HD) Inside College Football CMT Blue Collar Comedy Tour: One for the Road (2006, TVF). (CC) (HD) (6:30) My Big Redneck Vacation (N) (PG) Bayou Billion Them Idiots Whirled Tour (CC) (HD) (PG) CN Big Top Scooby-Doo! (2012).Home Movies King of the Hill King of the Hill Family Guy (14) Black Dynamite The Boondocks Bleach (N) (14) CNBC Money in Motion Currency How I Made My Millions Ultimate Factories “IKEA.” (G) The Suze Orman Show “Desperate for Dollars.” (N) Til Debt Do Us Part (CC) Til Debt Do Us Part (CC) How I Made My Millions How I Made My Millions The Suze Orman Show CNN CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Footnotes of 9/11 The people who went to work on 9/11. (HD) Piers Morgan Tonight (HD) CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Footnotes of 9/11 The people who went to work on 9/11. (HD) Piers Morgan Tonight (HD) COM Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004). Vince Vaughn, Ben Stiller. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:52) Get Him to the Greek (2010). Jonah Hill, Russell Brand. Rock star must be brought to Los Angeles. Brand is brilliantly unpredictable. (R) (CC) (HD) Tosh.0 (CC) (HD) (14) (11:40) Tosh.0 (CC) (HD) (14) (12:12) COOK Food(ography) Food(ography) Everyday Italian Easy Chinese The Supersizers Go Bitchin’ Kitchen Bitchin’ Kitchen Dinner Imposs.Unique Eats (HD) Everyday Italian CSPAN News and Public Affairs Cheating in College (N) Debate on College Sports (N) News and Public Affairs (10:15) Cheating in College Debate on Col CSPAN2 Book TV Book TV (N) Book TV “Obama’s America.” (N) (8:45) Book TV: After Words (N) Book TV “Desert America.” (N) Book TV CUNY Study With Eldridge & Co.Criminal Justice Theater Talk (G) The Spanish Gardener (1956). Dirk Bogarde, Cyril Cusack.TimesTalks Arts & Leisure Real DIS Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G) Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G) My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD) A.N.T. Farm “in- telligANT.” (HD) Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G) Jessie “Gotcha Day.” (CC) (HD) A.N.T. Farm (CC) (HD) (G) My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD) Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G) Jessie (CC) (HD) (G) Austin & Ally (CC) (HD) (G) DIY 10 Best Kitchen Cool Room Holmes on Homes (HD) (G) Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renovation Reb Renov. Real.Rehab Addict Rehab Addict Renov. Real. DSC Fast N’ Loud “Frankensteined Ford.” (CC) (HD) (14) Fast N’ Loud “Amazing Impala.” (CC) (HD) (14) Texas Car Wars “Let the Rivalries Begin.” (CC) (HD) (14) American Chopper “The Build Is On.” (CC) (HD) (PG) Texas Car Wars “Let the Rivalries Begin.” (CC) (HD) (14) American Chop- per (CC) (HD) E! Chelsea Lately Jonas . Knocked Up (2007). Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl. (R) Jonas Fashion Police (14) Chelsea Lately ENCFAM . The Last Starfighter (1984). Lance Guest. (PG) (CC) . Mr. Holland’s Opus (1995). Richard Dreyfuss. (PG) (CC) (8:45) The Santa Clause 2 (2002). Tim Allen. (G) (CC) (11:15) ESPN College Football Washington vs. L.S.U. (HD) College Football College Football Illinois vs. Arizona State. (HD) ESPN2 College Football College Football Georgia vs. Missouri. (HD) (7:45) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) (10:45) SportsCenter ESPNCL Summer Olympics One Day in September (1999). Ankie Spitzer, Jamal Al Gashey. (R) (CC) One Day in September (1999). Ankie Spitzer, Jamal Al Gashey. (R) (CC) Munich Games FOOD Chopped (HD) (G) Chopped “Belly Dance!” (HD) Chopped “Oui, Oui, Confit.” (HD) Chopped “Cake Walk.” (HD) Iron Chef America (HD) Chopped (HD) FOXMOV Tears of the Sun (2003). Bruce Willis, Monica Bellucci. (R) (5:30) Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem (2007). Steven Pasquale, Reiko Aylesworth. Alien races battle it out in the sewers, and the special effects win. (R) (CC) Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem (2007). Steven Pasquale, Reiko Aylesworth. Alien races battle it out in the sewers, and the special effects win. (R) (CC) The Missing (2003). (R) (CC) FOXNEWS Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD) Stossel (HD) The Journal Editorial Report Fox News Watch (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine FSC SKY Sports News (HD) U.E.F.A. Champions League Soccer CFR Cluj vs FC Basel. (HD) Fox Soccer News (HD) U.E.F.A. Champions League Soccer FUSE Baby Boy (5) . Boyz N the Hood (1991). Ice Cube, Cuba Gooding Jr. (R) (HD) . Baby Boy (2001). Tyrese Gibson, Omar Gooding. (R) FX College Football Fox College Bonus Superbad (2007). Jonah Hill, Michael Cera. Jonah Hill, Michael Cera.Teenage boys take long night’s journey into hormones. Sweetly absurd high school comedy. (R) (HD) Role Models (2008). Buddies do community service as mentors. Only if you’re feeling charitable. (R) (HD) G4 Signs (2002). Mel Gibson, Joaquin Phoenix. (PG-13) (HD) War Games: The Dead Code (2007). Matt Lanter. (PG-13) (HD) The Fifth Element (1997). Bruce Willis. (PG-13) (HD) GOLF L.P.G.A. Tour Golf Kingsmill Championship, third round. (HD) (6:30) P.G.A. Tour Golf BMW Championship, third round. From Crooked Stick Golf Club in Carmel, Ind. (HD) GSN Beat the Chefs Richie Palmer. (HD) Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed HALL Undercover Bridesmaid (2012, TVF). Brooke Burns. (CC) (HD) ● Puppy Love (2012, TVF). Candace Cameron Bure, Victor Webster. (HD) Puppy Love (2012, TVF). Victor Webster (CC) (HD) HGTV Home by Novo Dina’s Party (N) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Love It or List It HIST Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG) Pawn Stars “Out of Gas.” (HD) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG) Pawn Stars “Zoodoo.” (HD) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (10:31) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:02) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:32) Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (12:01) HLN Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence Investigators ID Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry? Dirty Little Lies (CC) (HD) (14) Wicked Attraction (Season Finale) (N) (CC) (HD) (14) Happily Never After “Unholy Matri- mony.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14) Deadly Affairs “In Too Deep.” (Se- ries Premiere) (N) (CC) (HD) (14) Wicked Attraction “A Rose Amongst Thorns.” (CC) (HD) (14) Happily Never After (CC) (HD) IFC . The Changeling (1979). Well-handled haunted-house tingler. (R) (5:45) Scream 3 (2000). Neve Campbell, David Arquette. Killer pursues cast of slasher movie. Breezily self-mocking. (R) (HD) Ginger Snaps (2000). Emily Perkins, Katharine Isabelle. Introverted sisters and werewolf-style murders. Sly, dry horror satire. LIFE Fatal Honeymoon (2012, TVF). Harvey Keitel, Amber Clayton. (CC) (HD) (6) ● A Killer Among Us (2012, TVF). Tess Atkins, Tom Cavanagh. Girl helps cop investigate her mother’s murder. (CC) (HD) A Killer Among Us (2012, TVF). Tess Atkins, Tom Cavanagh. Girl helps cop investigate her mother’s murder. (CC) (HD) A Killer Among Us (HD) (12:01) LMN Long Lost Son (2006, TVF). Gabrielle Anwar, Craig Sheffer. (CC) (HD) (6) Drop Dead Diva “Ashes to Ashes.” (CC) (HD) (PG) Drop Dead Diva “Lady Parts.” Jane defends Deb’s mother. (CC) (HD) Drop Dead Diva “Family Matters.” Jane represents a mother. (HD) (PG) Drop Dead Diva “Picks & Pakes.” (CC) (HD) (PG) Drop Dead Diva (CC) (HD) (PG) 7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00 LOGO Engaged & Un- derage (CC) Engaged & Un- derage (CC) . Best in Show (2000). Dysfunctional owners gather for dog show. Hip, condescending, exquisitely nuanced sketch comedy. Savor the moments. (CC) . Best in Show (2000). Dysfunctional owners gather for dog show. Hip, condescending, exquisitely nuanced sketch comedy. Savor the moments. (CC) Comedy Central Presents (CC) MIL World War II in Color (CC) (PG) . Heartbreak Ridge (1986). Veteran marine leading combat recruits in Grenada. Wry, wise caper. (R) (CC) . Heartbreak Ridge (1986). Clint Eastwood. (R) (CC) MLB M.L.B. Regional Coverage. (HD) M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights.Quick Pitch MSG The Best of Boomer & Carton Barrera/Pacquiao Mayweather/Hatton Pacquiao vs. Marquez Pacquiao/De La Hoya Pacquiao/Hatton MSGPL College Football Miami vs. Kansas State. (HD) Belmont Park 30 Bull Riding CBR West Texas Shootout.College Football MSNBC Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup: Indiana Cutting. (HD) Lockup: Indiana (HD) Lockup: Indiana (HD) Lockup: Indiana (HD) Lock.: Colorado MTV 2012 MTV Video Music Awards From the Staples Center in Los Angeles.Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Inbetweeners Jersey Shore: Gym, Tan 2012 MTV VMAs NBCS College Central College Football Army vs. San Diego State. (HD) Motorcycle Racing A.M.A. Motocross: Moto 2. NGEO Inside 9/11: War on America (HD) Inside 9/11: Zero Hour Terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. (HD) (PG) 9/11: The Firemen’s Story (N) (HD) Inside 9/11: Zero Hour (HD) (PG) NICK iCarly (CC) (HD) (G) (6:30) Drake & Josh “Drake & Josh Go Hollywood.” (CC) iCarly (CC) (G) > Friends (PG) > Friends (PG) > Friends (PG) > Friends (PG) > Friends (14) NICKJR Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan Ni Hao, Kai-lan Yo Gabba NY1 NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35) OVA . Strictly Ballroom (1992). (CC) (HD) (6) Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights (2004). Diego Luna. (PG-13) (HD) . The Full Monty (1997). Robert Carlyle, Tom Wilkinson. (R) (HD) Dirty Dancing OWN Behind Mansion Walls (CC) (HD) Behind Mansion Walls (CC) (HD) Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Behind Mansion Walls (CC) (HD) Sweetie Pie’s OXY The Sweetest Thing (2002). Cameron Diaz, Christina Applegate. (R) (CC) Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez, Jane Fonda. (PG-13) (CC) Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez. (PG-13) (CC) SCIENCE Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco SMITH The Real Story “Braveheart.” (HD) The Real Story (CC) (HD) (14) Air Disasters (CC) (HD) (14) Warriors of the Kalahari (HD) (PG) The Real Story (CC) (HD) (14) Air Disasters SNY Mets Postgame College Football North Carolina State vs. Connecticut. (CC) (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SOAP General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) General Hospital (CC) (HD) General Hospital (CC) (HD) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters SPEED Monster Jam (HD) Monster Jam (HD) A.M.A. Pro Racing New Jersey.A.M.A. Pro Racing New Jersey.Nascar Victory Lane (HD) A.M.A. Racing SPIKE Super Troopers (2001). Jay Chandrasekhar, Kevin Heffernan. (R) (CC) (HD) (7:13) MacGruber (2010). Will Forte, Kristen Wiig. ’Saturday Night Live’ skit becomes movie. Why? (R) Stripes (R) (HD) STYLE America’s Next Top Model (CC) America’s Next Top Model (CC) America’s Next Top Model (CC) America’s Next Top Model (CC) Gossip Girl “Hi, Society.” (HD) (14) Gossip Girl (HD) SUN Get to Work “Pressure Does Two Things.” (CC) (HD) (14) Mammoth (2009). Gael García Bernal, Michelle Williams. Fate changes the lives of a couple, a nanny and a working mother. (CC) (HD) . The Anniversary Party (2001). Alan Cumming, Jennifer Jason Leigh. Reconciled couple invites friends over. Acutely observant. (R) (CC) (10:15) Diary of a Nym- phomaniac (HD) SYFY Sand Sharks (2011). Julie Marie Berman, Christina Corigliano. Under- water quake looses prehistoric predator. (R) (HD) 2 Headed Shark Attack (2012). Carmen Electra, Charlie O’Connell. Shark sinks school-at-sea ship. (CC) (HD) Super Shark (2011). John Schneider, Jimmie Walker. Prehistoric shark wreaks havoc. (CC) (HD) TBS > Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG) > Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG) > The Big Bang Theory > The Big Bang Theory > The Big Bang Theory > The Big Bang Theory Franklin & Bash “Strange Brew.” (CC) (HD) (14) Tyler Perry’s Madea Goes to Jail (2009). Madea behind bars. Aggravated melodrama. (PG-13) (CC) TCM . A Big Hand for the Little Lady (1966). Henry Fonda. (6) . The Goodbye Girl (1977). Richard Dreyfuss. Divorcee and daughter sharing apartment with actor. Warmly appealing Neil Simon comedy. (PG) . The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947). Cary Grant, Myrna Loy. (CC) Andy Hardy’s Blonde Trouble (1944). Mickey Rooney. (CC) (11:45) TLC Flight 175: As the World Watched 9/11 Emergency Room (N) (HD) 9/11: Heroes of the 88th Floor (CC) (HD) (14) 9/11 Emergency Room (CC) (HD) 9/11: Heroes TNT . Braveheart (1995). Mel Gibson, Sophie Marceau. (R) (CC) (HD) (4:20) . Saving Private Ryan (1998). Tom Hanks. World War II squad risks all to find one soldier. Magnificent. (R) (CC) (HD) . Flags of Our Fathers (2006). Ryan Phillippe. (R) (CC) (HD) (11:40) TRAV Tastiest Places to Chowdown Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv. TRU Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Imp. Jokers Imp. Jokers Imp. Jokers Imp. Jokers Imp. Jokers Imp. Jokers Forensic Files Forensic Files Imp. Jokers TVLAND Andy Griffith The Andy Griffith Show (HD) (7:43) Andy Griffith > Raymond > Raymond > Raymond > Raymond > Raymond King of Queens King of Queens USA > NCIS “Forced Entry.” A Marine’s wife kills an intruder. (CC) (HD) (PG) > NCIS “Twilight.” Gibbs is targeted by terrorists. (CC) (HD) (PG) > NCIS “Kill Ari.” Gibbs is deter- mined to stop Ari. (HD) (Part 1 of 2) > NCIS “Kill Ari.” (CC) (HD) (Part 2 of 2) (14) > CSI “Lover’s Lanes.” Murder at a bowling alley. (CC) (HD) (14) > CSI “Appendic- itement.” (HD) VH1 100 Greatest Songs of the ’00s 100 Greatest Songs of the ’00s 100 Greatest Songs of the ’00s Old School (2003). Luke Wilson, Will Ferrell.Mama Drama WE My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Mini-Truck Bride.” (HD) My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Corryn.” (CC) (HD) (G) ● My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (N) (CC) (G) My Fair Wedding With David Tutera (CC) (HD) (G) My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Safari Bride.” (CC) (HD) (G) My Fair Wed- ding: Unveiled YES M.L.B. New York Yankees vs. Baltimore Orioles. (CC) (HD) New York Yankees Postgame Yankees Deck M.L.B. Yankees vs. Orioles 7:30 P.M. (HBO) EXTREMELY LOUD & INCREDIBLY CLOSE(2011) Oskar Schell (Thomas Horn), an 11-year-old New Yorker whose father (Tom Hanks) died in the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center, traverses the five boroughs in search of the owner of a key in an envelope scrawled with a single word — “Black” — that he believes will unlock the answer to what happened on “the worst day.” Sandra Bullock, above with Mr. Horn, plays Oskar’s grieving mother, who seems oblivious to his travels; Viola Davis and Jeffrey Wright are the first of the 472 Blacks whose names Oskar has culled from city phone books; and Max von Sydow is the mysterious man who becomes Oskar’s sidekick. “The performances, including from the reliably appealing Mr. Hanks and Ms. Bullock, are smoothed of any roughness, which can be chalked up to the fact that most of the story is seen through Oskar’s eyes,” Manohla Dargis wrote in The New York Times. “Mr. Horn, who was 13 when the movie was made, is an attractively real-looking boy, with an impish smile and a natural-feeling directness, and he holds his own just fine, even against a scene-stealer like Mr. von Sydow.” But, she added:“It’s an impossible role in an impossible movie that has no reason for being other than as another pop-culture palliative for a trauma it can’t bear to face. In truth, ‘Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close’ isn’t about Sept. 11. It’s about the impulse to drain that day of its specificity and turn it into yet another wellspring of generic emotions: sadness, loneliness, happiness.” 10:30 A.M. (13) RELIGION & ETHICS NEWSWEEKLY This newsmagazine kicks off its 16th season with a report by Kim Lawton from the Democratic National Convention about the issues liberal religious leaders face,and how President Obama’s stance on gay marriage has affected his support among some religious groups. Also, Bob Faw interviews Ron Hansen, an author and Roman Catholic deacon. NOON (13) RICHARD HEFFNER’S OPEN MINDNicole Maestas,an economist, concludes a discussion of her Senate testimony on encouraging work at older ages. 8 P.M. (Lifetime) A KILLER AMONG US (2012) A father of three (Tom Cavanagh) tries to cope with the loss of his beloved wife while helping his teenage daughter,Alex (Tess Atkins),get to the bottom of the mystery of who killed her mother. But the answer may lie a little too close to home for comfort. 9 P.M. (Hallmark) PUPPY LOVE (2012) Megan (Candace Cameron Bure), a single mother overcome by guilt about moving to a new town, allows Caitlin (Katie Hawkins), her 10-year-old, to adopt a dog. She immediately regrets her decision when Caitlin chooses Jake, the biggest and most unruly in the shelter. But as soon as he begins to destroy their home,Ben (Victor Webster), a professional baseball player, knocks on their door and claims that Jake is his. The solution: joint custody, and maybe romance. 9 P.M. (WE) MY FAIR WEDDING WITH DAVID TUTERA: UNVEILEDA sixth season begins as Mr. Tutera tries to reason with a burlesque performer who insists on wearing a red latex dress with tassels and feather fans on her big day. Her man of honor has ideas of his own, including stripping at the reception. 9 P.M. (Starz) THE VOW(2012) Paige and Leo, a happily married couple played by Rachel McAdams and Channing Tatum, both above, find their bliss shattered when she is thrown through a windshield in a car accident and emerges from a coma with the personality of a Stepford wife and no memory of their four years together. Against all odds, Leo sets out to win Paige’s heart back in this weepy,directed by Michael Sucsy and inspired by real events. But first he’ll have to get past her disapproving parents (Sam Neill and Jessica Lange) and old flame (Scott Speedman). “This could have been a rich, strange melodrama; a psychological thriller; a horror movie; a dark comedy; or any combination of these, and scholarly viewers can relieve the tedium by imagining it remade by more daring filmmakers. Just think of what Alfred Hitchcock or Pedro Almodóvar or Luis Buñuel or John Waters could have done with this material,” A.O. Scott wrote in The Times. “Never mind. ‘The Vow’ is designed for comfort, not shock. But even by the standards of commercial melodrama,it’s a pretty weak brew.” KATHRYNSHATTUCK WHAT’S ON TODAY FRANÇOIS DUHAMEL/WARNER BROTHERS PICTURES KERRY HAYES/COLUMBIA PICTURES/SCREEN GEMS Definitions of symbols used in the program listings: ★Recommended film (N) New show or episode ✩Recommended series (CC) Closed-captioned ● New or noteworthy program (HD) High definition Ratings: (Y)All children (PG) Parental guidance suggested (Y7) Directed to older children (14) Parents strongly cautioned (G) General audience (MA) Mature audience only The TV ratings are assigned by the producers or network. Rat- ings for theatrical films are provided by the Motion Picture As- sociation of America. Television highlights for a full week, recent reviews by The Times’s critics and complete local television listings. nytimes.com/tv ONLINE:TELEVISION LISTINGS N C7 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 The night’s other awards — all two of them, best pop video and best new artist — were won by One Direction, the British boy band that would have been a champion of MTV’s “Total Re- quest Live” golden age, but that now generates much of its heat online. Consensus doesn’t look the way it used to. Yet no award show is better equipped than the VMAs to ac- knowledge the success of a group like that. The VMAs carry the burden of still being the forward- looking and youth-oriented music fan’s awards show, a responsibil- ity they have inherited but aren’t necessarily equipped for. That’s because MTV’s legacy as a platform for breaking music has remained seemingly unshak- able,despite several years of docusoaps, dramatic sitcoms about awkward teenagers and re- ality-star athletic competitions. No network or organization has stepped up to fill its void, even in this era,in which musicians are as present in the commercials as on the show itself:Nicki Minaj in ads for Pepsi and Adidas;Lady Gaga in those for her new per- fume;Fergie and Common sell- ing Case-Mate;the stars of “The Voice” promoting “The Voice.” That means that the show plays host to implicitly warring constituencies, as seen here:her- itage pop acts like Pink, Alicia Keys and Green Day,who still need the bite of youth credibility and mistake this for a music show, brush up against legitimate young stars and also against new acts that have garnered their fame in totally unconventional, non-MTV-centric (and non-TV- centric) ways. That meant a segment in which the host, the comedian Kevin Hart, danced alongside PSY, the breakout K-pop star recently signed to an American record deal by Scooter Braun, Justin Bieber’s manager.Mr. Hart emu- lated the loopy gallop from PSY’s “Gangnam Style” video. The power of the Internet also gave the show its one moment of true pathos in the form of Frank Ocean, the young R&B star who this summer announced that his first love had been a man. He sang “Thinking About You” in near darkness, and with spare backing, magnifying his fragile falsetto. He left the stage almost before the song was done, the only performer of the night to force people onto his terms.Oth- erwise, the performances were largely slick and grandly scaled: Rihanna on “Cockiness” (with ASAP Rocky) and “We Found Love”; 2 Chainz and Lil Wayne on “Yuck” and “No Worries.” There were a handful of mo- ments of fluency in the politics of contemporary music. The pre- senters Rashida Jones and Andy Samberg affectionately mocked hip-hop’s recent turn to the emo- tional in presenting the best hip- hop video award to Drake, leader of that movement.In Drake’s ac- ceptance speech, after recalling being picked on as a child for be- ing black and Jewish, he dedicat- ed his win to “any kid that’s ever had a long walk home by your- self,” adding, at the end, “We made it, bitch!” The show also offered a few brief bits of crossover pop cultur- al relevance, like asking the Unit- ed States women’s gymnastics team to introduce Ms. Keys, though having the gold medalist Gabby Douglas kick off her shoes to show off a few moves during the performance felt cheap. As host, Mr. Hart was manic and loud and sometimes laser-fo- cused, but just as often spraying wide and loose. The DJ and pro- ducer Mr. Harris was the house DJ for the night, inside some sort of jungle gym that looked as if it were imported from the planet Krypton, or maybe just from any edition of the MTV Europe Music Awards, which have been invari- ably more forward than the home-field production for years. The show was somehow both commercial-packed and also bru- tally fast, at least partly because of a stated promise that it would- n’t run over into President Oba- ma’s speech at the Democratic National Convention. The result was a rush job, leaving no room for error or serendipity. (Kanye West wasn’t there, so that helped.) As if in a tribute to efficiency, the night closed with the young country star Taylor Swift, who sang her new single,“We Are Never Ever Getting Back Togeth- er.” Three years ago Ms. Swift was a VMAs naïf who had her golden moment interrupted by a surly Mr. West. But the VMAs are not a show that grows up with you, and Ms. Swift was a virtual eminence grise here. During Mr. Hart’s opening monologue, she laughed loudly at his profanity-thick rant about the actress Kristen Stew- art’s affair. And her performance was brisk and saucy, involving chor- eographed dance moves — part of her move into poppier territory — and ending in a stage dive that was less punk than good stage- craft. Ms. Swift is a pro now, too famous really to sweat.They need her more than she needs them. MARIO ANZUONI/REUTERS The singer Pink was suspended in the air as she performed at the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles.The show included a few moves from the Olympic medalist Gabby Douglas, too. MTV Video Awards Are Less Shiny These Days, but Still Slick MARK J. TERRILL/INVISION, VIA AP Top, One Direction, from left:Niall Horan, Liam Payne, Louis Tomlinson, Harry Styles and Zayn Malik.Above, Taylor Swift. A hip-hop artist and a British boy band are among winners. From First Arts Page MATT SAYLES/INVISION,VIA AP lapses into a chaotic jumble of poorly staged car chases and shootouts, many involving Mar- tin’s evil, double-dealing boss, Carrack (Ms. Weaver). If she had been encouraged to camp up the role of this trigger-happy witch, Ms. Weaver might have squeezed out some fun, but she cowers be- hind blips of dialogue she seems almost embarrassed to speak. While on the run, Will teams up with Lucia (Verónica Echegui, a Penélope Cruz clone). They make a pretty pair. Mr. Cavill’s per- formance is so wooden that it suggests that he might deliver Superman’s cartoon-balloon ora- tory with just the right tone of gee-whiz sincerity. “The Cold Light of Day” is rat- ed PG-13 (Parents strongly cau- tioned). It has violence, with mo- ments that verge on torture — for characters and audience alike. So murky that it is hard to dis- cern shapes, let alone faces, in many of its scenes, and so crude- ly edited that its frenzied action has scant continuity, “The Cold Light of Day” is a ca- tastrophe worth not- ing only for the pres- ence of its name cast. Who knows why stars of the caliber of Henry Cavill (the next Super- man), Bruce Willis and Sigour- ney Weaver signed on for this thoroughly incompetent “Bourne” movie imitation. Directed by Mabrouk El Mechri (“JCVD,” a well-regarded Jean-Claude Van Damme vehi- cle) from a screenplay by Scott Wiper and John Petro, the film is set in Spain,where its hero, Will Shaw (Mr. Cavill), a newly bank- rupted San Francisco business consultant, reunites with his fam- ily for a sailboat vacation. Mr. Willis plays Martin, the Shaw paterfamilias, a slit-eyed enigma with a craggy, coin-wor- thy profile and a grave aura who is shot to death in front of Will af- ter the rest of the family is snatched off the boat while Will is ashore. Until just before Martin’s murder, Will hadn’t known that his dad was a C.I.A. officer. The treasure that competing Middle Eastern factions are desperate to get their mitts on is a briefcase whose contents are never re- vealed. Do I hear groans of weary recognition? Once its setup is established, “The Cold Light of Day” col- For Spy’s Family, a Bad Trip STEPHEN HOLDEN FILM REVIEW The Cold Light of Day Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by Mabrouk El Mechri; written by Scott Wiper and John Petro; director of photography, Remi Adefarasin; edited by Valerio Bonelli; music by Lucas Vidal; production design by Benjamín Fernán- dez; costumes by Sabine Daigeler; pro- duced by Trevor Macy and Marc D. Ev- ans; released by Summit Entertainment. Running time: 1 hour 33 minutes. WITH: Henry Cavill (Will), Sigourney Weaver (Carrack), Bruce Willis (Martin), Verónica Echegui (Lucia), Roschdy Zem (Zahir), Joseph Mawle (Gorman), Óscar Jaenada (Maximo) and Caroline Goodall (Laurie). one leg or crossing one foot over the other to execute a quarter- turn — their bodies take on a flickering quality under the lights. Blackouts signal a new kind of movement and create a certain tension; as the dancers edge nearer to the audience, it’s as if they were posing for close-ups. But they don’t have Mr. Bokaer’s charisma, and the movement be- comes arid without it. Throughout “Eclipse” there are instances of beauty, as when a row of bulbs casts an incandes- cent glow around a dancer’s barely moving form, or when Mr. Bokaer slides against the carpet, with one graceful leg extended, as if he were about to cross home plate. But it’s hardly momentous enough to build a cinematic ren- dering of choreography. “Eclipse” exists in a solemnly designed space, where the mood echoes the same order and preci- sion of Mr. Bokaer’s uncluttered, straightforward dances. At the same time, too much of this work revolves around how one mo- ment leads to the next. Perhaps this “Eclipse” is too literal: the design and the dance block out each other. Darting and Stuttering Through Points of Light From First Arts Page “Eclipse” continues through Sun- day at the BAM Fisher, 321 Ash- land Place, near Lafayette Ave- nue, Fort Greene, Brooklyn; (718) 636-4100, bam.org. RUBY WASHINGTON/THE NEW YORK TIMES Adam H. Weinert,Tal Adler-Arieli (standing) and Sara Procopio in “Eclipse,” choreographed by Jonah Bokaer,with a light installation by Anthony McCall,at the new BAMFisher theater. C8 N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 The performance festival of the American Dance Guild usually honors two dance luminaries a year, one living, one dead. This year, however, both of the honor- ees — the choreogra- phers Elaine Summers and Dianne McIntyre — are very much alive. And if the perform- ances at the Ailey Citi- group Theater on Thursday weren’t the strongest arguments for the enduring merit of their art, the spirit of happy vi- tality was just right. American Dance Guild festi- vals are also about the present, and the opening-night program included four recent works. Ex- cerpts from Rebecca Nettl-Fiol’s “Heart at Low Tide” made up the evening’s most generic entry, two moody ballroom duets gracefully performed to Jacques Brel songs. Hee Ra Yoo was born in South Korea, and her “160 Miles” pre- sumably refers to the demilita- rized zone that divides the South from the North. Though the hier- atic gestures meant to suggest border hostility weren’t consis- tently convincing,an effect with adhesive tape was clever, making it seem as if the four dancers were peeling away the stage floor, unearthing borders beneath borders. The strengths and flaws of Kyla Barkin and Aaron Selissen’s “Sequitur or Non” might be summed up by its motif of an ac- cusing finger that later found a socket in another dancer’s belly button. As with similar gestures that marked the fraught double duet, the question wasn’t, “Does it follow or not?” It was, “Is it sin- ister or just silly?”  Shani Collins-Achille’s “Swing Us Sky Rain(bow)” was nearly overwhelmed by part of its sound score, Ursula Rucker’s graphic spoken-word tale of domestic abuse and other “sins of the fa- ther.” The seven female dancers responded to the onslaught enig- matically with strangled bursts of resistance and quiet resilience. John Pennington offered a re- construction of the 1927 solo “Tänze Vor Gott” (“Dances Be- fore God”) by Harald Kreutz- berg, a German Expressionist whose work is almost never per- formed. Wielding a voluminous silver-gray cape, Mr. Pennington made a powerful case for an anti- quated style, the taut images striking both on their own and as tantalizing evidence of their influ- ence on Martha Graham. Ms. Summers was represented by her 1976 “Windows in the Kitchen.” In the original perform- ances, a filmof the Graham danc- er Matt Turney in front of the loft windows of the SoHo Kitchen was projected onto those very windows, as a live Ms. Turney danced with the filmed image of herself. At the Ailey Citigroup, the film of Ms. Turney was pro- jected merely onto the back wall, as Douglas Dunn improvised. This read less as a reconstruc- tion of Ms. Summers’s work than as a tribute by one artist to two others. Mr. Dunn both riffed on and contrasted Ms. Turney’s fe- line languor with his own won- derful just-fooling-around style, witty in his shoulder shrugs, his fingers wriggling like inquisitive antennas. Ms. McIntyre represented her- self onstage, joined by 20 alum- nae of her Sounds in Motion com- pany, some going back to the troupe’s beginnings in 1972. It couldn’t have been the cleanest rendition ever of Ms. McIntyre’s signature “Life’s Force” (1979), but with a jazz band led by Ah- med Abdullah, it didn’t matter much that most of the partici- pants looked out of shape. There was a lovely sense of conversation between Ms. McIn- tyre, spindly but still electric at 66, and each of her dancers. An exchange between the honoree and one famous alumna, Jawole Willa Jo Zollar, the founder of Ur- ban Bush Women, was particu- larly delicious. “Oh! I see!,” Ms. Zollar seemed to say at the end. So did we all: Sounds in Mo- tion. PHOTOGRAPHS BY ANDREA MOHIN/THE NEW YORK TIMES American Dance Guild Performance Festival Top, Douglas Dunn and the flutist Jon Gibson in Elaine Summers’s “Windows in the Kitchen”; the dancer in the film projection is Matt Turney. Above, Dianne McIntyre, center, performing with alumnae of her company at the Ailey Citigroup Theater. 2 Leading Lights, Very Much Alive DANCE REVIEW BRIAN SEIBERT Charles Wallace, center, and members of Ms. McIntyre’s Sounds in Motion troupe performing “Life’s Force.” The American Dance Guild Per- formance Festival continues through Sunday at Ailey Citigroup Theater, 405 West 55th Street, Clinton; 800 838-3006, Ext. 1; brownpapertickets.com. ØØ N D1 SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 By JUDY BATTISTA Four players suspended by the N.F.L. for their roles in what the league said was a bounty program conducted by members of the New Orleans Saints had their suspensions vacated by an ap- peals panel Friday, allowing them to re- join their teams and play in season openers this weekend. The decision represents a huge tem- porary victory for the players, who were immediately reinstated by Com- missioner Roger Goodell. But they are not yet in the clear. The panel ruled that Goodell retained the power to discipline them for engaging in an “intent to in- jure” scheme because that would be considered conduct detrimental to the league. Goodell could still decide to sus- pend them, conceivably for exactly the same length of time. Goodell is likely to reach a new decision on discipline in the coming weeks, the league said. “Consistent with the panel’s decision, Commissioner Goodell will, as directed, make an expedited determination of the discipline imposed for violating the N.F.L.’s pay-for-performance/bounty rule,” a league statement said. “Until that determination is made, the four players are reinstated and eligible to play starting this weekend.” Saints linebacker Jonathan Vilma, who was suspended for the season, is not likely to play Sunday because of an injury. But the Saints’ Will Smith, sus- pended for four games, and the Browns’ Scott Fujita — who was a member of the Saints at the time of the bounties and had been suspended for three games — could play. The former Saint Anthony Hargrove, who had been suspended for eight games, is a free agent. “Victory is mine!!!!” Vilma wrote on Twitter shortly after the news of the ap- peal’s outcome became public. The unanimous decision by a three- person appeals panel overturned an earlier decision by the system arbitra- GERALD HERBERT/ASSOCIATED PRESS Suspensions Vacated for Players in Bounty Case Jonathan Vilma can now play but will probably sit out with an injury. Continued on Page D6 By DAVID WALDSTEIN BALTIMORE — Ever since the Orioles used a six-homer barrage Thursday night to hammer their way into a first-place tie with the Yankees in the American League East, the specter of second place had hung over the Yankees like the hu- midity that draped this city all day and night. But faced with the possibility of falling out of first place for the second time in three games, the Yankees pushed that loss to the side and held firm Fri- day to crush the Orioles, 8-5,behind three multirun homers. The victory put the Yankees back alone atop the division, a game ahead of the Orioles, reassuring for the Yankees,who had used home runs to produce most of their runs in June and July, when they were on their way to a 10-game lead in the division. Russell Martin, contending with a sore neck for the past several days, continued his offensive reawakening with a three-run homer, and Steve Pearce and Alex Rodriguez added two-run shots as the long ball ac- counted for all but one of the Yankees’ runs. Martin’s neck was so stiff he could barely turn it to the side, but he said it was worse on Wednesday night, when he also hit a three- run homer and a double in a victory over the Tampa Bay Rays. “Keep it stiff then,” he said. “I can live with it.” And the Yankees, as they showed earlier in the summer, can live with home runs. The three blasts were the most the Yankees have hit since they had four on Aug. 27, mak- ing a stretch of nine games in which they had not hit more than one. Rodriguez’s homer was his 300th as a Yankee. Earlier in the week, Rodriguez said the team needed to rely more on small-ball tech- niques to win games because home runs do not win championships. He has a funny way of backing up his theory: on Friday night he hit a ball roughly 430 feet into the Yankees’ bullpen beyond the center-field wall. “Solo homers don’t work,” he said with a smile, “but three-runs homers work.” The game also provided some redemption for the Yankees’ bullpen, which imploded Thursday. Dave Robertson and Boone Logan Yanks, Behind Three Homers, Knock Orioles Back Down Orioles left fielder Nate McLouth could not catch up to Steve Pearce’s two-run homer in the fourth. Phil Hughes, left, threw six solid innings to get his 14th victory. Continued on Page D7 YANKEES 8 ORIOLES 5 ABOVE, ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES; GAIL BURTON/ASSOCIATED PRESS W omen ’ s Fi na l Saturday, 7 p.m., Arthur Ashe Stadium (1) VICTORIA AZARENKA Belarus (4) SERENA WILLIAMS United States Men’s Semifinals Saturday, starting at 11 a.m., A rthur Ashe Stadium (6) TOMAS BERDYCH Czech Republic (3) ANDY MURRAY Great Britain (4) DAVID FERRER Spain (2) NOVAK DJOKOVIC Serbia TV: CBS By LYNN ZINSER The women’s final at the United States Open is going to be a test of which is the better way to advance through a draw at a major championship: rolling over everyone in your path, or having to dig for every point in grueling victories. In the clash between No. 1 Victoria Aza- renka and No. 4 Serena Williams on Saturday night, Azarenka will be Exhibit A for the battle- tested route, after needing 2 hours 42 minutes to outslug Maria Sharapova in their semifinal, 3-6, 6-2, 6-4, on Friday. Williams, in direct contrast, pummeled the latest of her overmatched oppo- nents, Sara Errani of Italy, 6-1, 6-2, in the other semifinal. That lasted a mere 64 minutes — 10 minutes shorter than the third set of Azarenka’s match. In six singles matches at the Open, Williams has lost a grand total of 19 games. Azarenka lost 25 in her last two matches: the slugfest against Sharapova and a three-setter against Samantha Stosur in the quarterfinals. Should Azarenka persevere to win her first Open, she will have earned it with sweat. The marathon match against Sharapova sent their matching grunts echoing out of Arthur Ashe Stadium and across the Billie Jean King National Tennis Center. As it ground on through U.S. OPEN PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES Serena Williams, above, needed just 64 minutes to defeat Sara Errani in a U.S. Open semifinal, 6-1, 6-2. Victoria Azarenka outlasted Maria Sharapova in three sets. For Azarenka And Williams, Paths Diverge But Go to Final Continued on Page D5 D2 ØØ N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 C O L L E G E F O OT BA L L By ZACH SCHONBRUN PISCATAWAY, N.J. — The blinds in the corner office at the Hale Center abutting the Rutgers football stadium are always shut, keeping the square room dim, the dark leather couches cool and the flat-screen monitors shaded, so that Coach Kyle Flood can see his PowerPoint presentations. They are not particularly intri- cate or technically sophisticated. But each day they are patiently built anew, with videos from the American armed forces or quota- tions from Aristotle flashing above a scarlet background. Flood uses them to lecture, to teach. They form the framework for which all else in his career has been built. Well before Rutgers named Flood its football coach in Janu- ary, he was a math teacher at St. Francis Preparatory School in Queens. His nightly concern was stimulating 41 high school stu- dents through five algebra and trigonometry courses each week- day morning. He was a part-time offensive line coach at C.W. Post in the afternoons. He lived at home in Bayside, N.Y., with his parents, Jerry and Louise, in a narrow, pale clap- board colonial with a small pool in the back. On weekends he would help his father lay car- peting, fix roofs or cater parties. This was Flood’s prosaic and undistinguished routine, until a phone call on a Saturday late in the summer of 1997 wedged a fork in that path, offering him a job as the running backs coach at Hofstra, with a $1,000 stipend. The catch: Flood would have to give up teaching. Flood sat down with his par- ents and mulled the offer. “They said, ‘If you want to do it, we’ll help you,’” Flood said. “‘We’ve got a little money saved. We’ll let you try for a year and see what happens.’” His father recalled: “I told him: ‘Take a chance. This way you’ll never be sorry you didn’t down the road.’”   Fifteen years later, Flood, at the time Rutgers’s assistant head coach, was hired to replace Greg Schiano after a whirlwind five- day searching process by Athlet- ic Director Tim Pernetti that co- incided with signing day for re- cruits in early February. Pernetti rebutted reports that Flood was not his first choice — multiple news media outlets, in- cluding The New York Times, re- ported that Pernetti had first of- fered the job to Florida Interna- tional Coach Mario Cristobal but that Cristobal turned him down — saying only that Flood repre- sented exactly what he was look- ing for. “I had a lot of conversations with several people during that crazy five-day period,” Pernetti said. “Kyle far and away inter- viewed better than anybody.” But Flood, 41, had never been a head coach, and Rutgers, which beat Tulane, 24-12, last weekend in its season opener, is the only Football Bowl Subdivision pro- gram he has worked at, after jobs at Hofstra and Delaware. That in- experience and the fact he had mixed success as a line coach have some people doubting his ability to take Rutgers beyond the nine-win seasons it seemed to settle at under Schiano. Flood, whose team faces How- ard (1-0) in its home opener Sat- urday, approaches the challenge as if it were just another math problem. He has the gray crew cut and firm jaw of a stereotyp- ical football coach, but his sharp tongue and affability would still seem at home in a high school classroom. “There was a celebrity singer on the radio I heard, and they asked her about whether things had changed since she became famous,” Flood said. “She said, ‘Nope, when I go home I’m still the same person I always was, I’ve just got a cooler job.’ I was driving and I thought, that’s a great way to describe it.” When Flood graduated from Iona College in 1993, after four years as a lineman for the Gaels, his father asked him which Civil Service test he planned to take. Kyle refused. He wanted to teach. This was hard for his father to understand. He plowed snow and swept streets in Ridgewood, Queens, for the New York City Sanitation Department for 20 years. Kyle came from a family of civil servants: his grandfather worked for the New York Police Department in the 1940s, fol- lowed by an uncle and Kyle’s brother, Jerry Jr., who is now in the police force; his father and two other uncles worked in san- itation; and his mother was a sec- retary in the New York City pub- lic school system. “I have nothing but respect for the people who are policemen, firemen, sanitation workers — they’re my family,” Flood said. “But it wasn’t what I wanted to do. All I wanted to do was teach high school.” After Iona, he took a job as a math teacher at St. Francis. He earned about $30,000 a year, lived at home, served as a proctor on school trips. He was satisfied un- til Rob Spence, a former Iona coach, called with the Hofstra of- fer. “I really counseled him to think hard about it because I said, ‘You’re making a career de- cision,’” said Spence, who is now Rutgers’s quarterbacks coach. “But this was his passion. It was in his soul.”   Flood said he did not recognize that immediately. In his first sea- son with the Pride, Flood ordered the equipment, edited the film and planned to quit coaching when he was 30. Meanwhile, his Queens-bred charisma made him popular with players. “You knew the guy could really relate to people,” said Florida’s defensive coordinator, Dan Quinn, who coached at Hofstra from 1996 to 2000. “He had an in- stant way of talking with people and getting connected that was really disarming.” He grew to love the X’s and O’s, the game planning and the problem solving that fit naturally with his calculative background. He learned he liked coaching, planning out speeches in position meetings like a day’s lesson in the classroom. “I can remember sitting in Kyle’s meetings and thinking, This is good stuff,” Delaware Coach K.C. Keeler said. “Kyle was entertaining, captivating, but at the same time he was get- ting his message across probably as clearly as any assistant I’ve had in 20 years as a head football coach.” It was not until his third or fourth year at Rutgers that Flood said he began to observe more closely how Schiano led his pro- gram. Schiano was meticulous in his organizational habits — he used to orchestrate the position- ing of each of the seven cameras filming practices — and that pre- paredness rubbed off on Flood. Now,every morning,when he arrives in his dimmed corner of- fice, littered with empty Diet Mountain Dew bottles, Flood closes his eyes and “walks” the building in his mind, going down a mental checklist of each person he needs to speak with and each task he needs to accomplish — a technique he adopted from Schia- no. “It takes a lot of discipline to do it,” Flood said. “And with the movement, the hustle and bustle of camp, it’s easy to forget to do it.” He sat at the desk and cued up the day’s PowerPoint presenta- tion on the flat screen. He was days away from his first game as a Division I head football coach, but he could hardly contain his excitement as he flipped through the screens, imagining how he would use them as a tool to teach. “That’s my fun these days,” Flood said. “I’ve got high-level PowerPoints, man.” Now the Rutgers Coach, but Still a Teacher JULIO CORTEZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS Rutgers Coach Kyle Flood gave up teaching high school math in 1997 so he could become the running backs coach at Hofstra. Careers may change, but old job habits often remain. By JOHN GODFREY Jurgen Klinsmann has shown that he can lead the United States men’s soccer team to historic road wins over powerhouse squads like Italy and Mexico. But he has not been able to secure a victory away from home when it really matters:during World Cup quali- fying. Despite taking a lead in the first minute of play, the United States lost to Jamaica, 2-1,on Fri- day night in a sloppy match at National Stadium in Kingston, Ja- maica. The United States dropped behind first-place Ja- maica, into a tie with Guatemala, in its qualifying group. The Americans now have one win, one loss and one tie in this stage. The top two teams ad- vance to the final round of re- gional qualifying. It was a disappointing result for an American team still riding an emotional high after defeating Mexico last month. That win, the United States’ first over El Tri on Mexican soil, suggested the Americans were on the upswing. Their performance Friday night indicated otherwise. “Jamaica deserved that win,” Klinsmann told reporters. “They were hungrier, and they were more determined.” The United States started the contest in a familiar 4-4-2 align- ment but without many familiar names. Landon Donovan and Mi- chael Bradley are both nursing injuries. The veteran right back Steve Cherundolo had injured his calf and did not make the roster, while Klinsmann left a healthy Carlos Bocanegra on the bench. The omissions did not seem to bother the Americans early. Just a few seconds after the opening whistle, midfielder Maurice Edu sent a lovely through ball down the right flank to Herculez Go- mez. He took a shot that Jamai- can goalkeeper Dwayne Miller blocked, but he gathered up the rebound and shot again. This time Gomez’s strike bounced off a Jamaican defender and landed at Clint Dempsey’s feet 10 yards from the goal. Dempsey coolly scored with his left foot. The United States looked un- beatable for the next quarter- hour.Michael Parkhurst sent in crosses from the right flank, Go- mez and Edu charged forward, and Dempsey helped open space. But the Jamaicans soon found their feet, and they began to re- tain possession and dictate the tempo of the game. They also took advantage of United States midfielder Kyle Beckerman’s dis- astrous first half. At the 16-minute mark, a slop- py Beckerman pass deep in the United States half gifted Jamai- ca’s Rodolph Austin a scoring op- portunity. Austin’s 30-yard shot flew a few feet over the crossbar. A few minutes later, Becker- man fouled a Jamaican attacker 25 yards fromthe goal. On the en- suing spot kick, Beckerman leapt into the air as Austin shot low. The ball ricocheted off Becker- man’s calf, bounced away from goalkeeper Tim Howard and dribbled into the back of the net. Buoyed, Jamaica took control and exposed the Americans’ weakness in the middle. The United States did display a spark right before halftime. In the 44th minute, Edu connected with Parkhurst on the right wing,and he sent a cross that found Demp- sey in front of goal. Dempsey’s sliding shot was on target,but a sprawling Miller parried it away. The Reggae Boyz picked up where they left off after the break, pushing forward and pin- ning the Americans in their own half. The United States broke down again in the 62nd minute. This time it was Edu who fouled a Jamaican attacker about 25 yards from the goal. Jamaica’s Luton Shelton took the spot kick and beat Howard cleanly, putting the home team ahead to stay. As the game wore on, it be- came evident that the Americans missed Bradley’s ball-winning skills, tenacity and vision. It also became clear that these two teams do not like each other. El- bows and late hits flew through- out the second half, and the refer- ees struggled to keep the peace. The two teams will square off again Tuesday night in Colum- bus, Ohio. Jamaica Turns Back U.S. In First of Two Qualifiers By KAREN CROUSE CARMEL, Ind. — He was in- side the ropes, with the best van- tage point to view two superstar golfers at their grinding bests, un- bothered by the officious state troopers and overbearing mar- shals who have overrun Crooked Stick Golf Club this week. Nick Watney, the third wheel in a pairing with Tiger Woods and Rory McIlroy, wished he had made a few more putts, but be- yond that he could not have asked for a better first two days at the BMW Championship. “It was very motivating,” Wat- ney said of playing with Woods and McIlroy, who were tied with Ryan Moore at 12-under-par 132, one stroke behind the 36-hole leader, Vijay Singh. Woods carded a five-under 67, one stroke better than McIlroy and one behind Moore. The best round of the day belonged to Bill Haas, who tied the course record with a 64. After shooting a 69, Watney was tied for 33rd, at five under, and was left to ponder all the bird- ie putts he left on the course. “I guess those guys took them all,” he joked, referring to Woods and McIlroy. To play alongside them, Wat- ney said, “is a benchmark.” He added: “You don’t get bet- ter than those two. The way they play, that’s my goal.” Watney, the winner of the first leg of the FedEx Cup playoffs, the Barclays, two weeks ago, has broad shoulders and a tapered waist, same as Woods and McIl- roy, the former and current world No. 1s. With their athletic phy- siques, they epitomize their era, as does the trimmed-down but de- cidedly less sculptured sexage- narian Roger Maltbie, who was following the group and providing updates for the Golf Channel. At the eighth hole, Maltbie, a former touring pro, was walking ahead of the three players when one man in the gallery pointed to him and said to a friend, “That’s what golf- ers used to look like.” Singh played a significant role in ushering in the tour’s fitness revolution, as did Woods, who has said that in his early years on the tour, Singh was the only other player he would run into while lifting weights. Asked recently how he manages to compete with competitors half his age, Singh said, “I guess I just outwork ev- erybody else.” This is the third time in three months that Singh has been atop the leader board at a tour event. He was ahead after the first round of the Greenbrier Classic in July and after the second round of the PGA Championship in Au- gust. Singh, who won the FedEx Cup in 2008, sandwiched between Woods’s wins, said, “I’ve been playing well for two days for a while now, but I need four good days of playing.” Asked why he has struggled to string together four good rounds, Singh said: “I don’t know. I guess I want it so bad that I get in my own way, so I just have to get out of my own way and just play.” The longer the hole at Crooked Stick, the straighter Singh has played it. He is eight under on the par 5s. So is McIlroy, who eagled the 530-yard ninth when he fol- lowed a 307-yard drive with a fair- way wood that stopped five feet from the pin. For the weekend golfer, one well-struck shot can erase the memory of a hundred bad ones. Is it the same when you’re the world No. 1? “Those are the shots that keep us coming back as well,” McIlroy said. “You still get a real big sense of satisfaction when you pull a shot off like that,because it’s ex- actly what you see before you hit the shot and then you execute it.” Not all of McIlroy’s shots were so well struck. He missed five fairways, which was why he was in a rush after his round to hit shots on the practice range before the darkening skies opened up. As much as an inch and a half of rain was forecast. The threat of bad weather doused the tournament’s best- made plans, which was to send twosomes off the first tee for Sat- urday’s third round, including Woods and McIlroy in the penulti- mate pairing. With images of washed-out bunkers and fairway debris dancing in their heads, the tournament officials decided to delay the third round’s start and send threesomes off both tees. So instead of playing with Woods, McIlroy will be paired with Singh and Moore. Singh, who has 34 career tour victories, was asked what advantage a 49- year-old has over a 23-year-old. “I don’t know,” he said. “We’ll find out during the weekend.” McIlroy joked that Mother Na- ture could assist Father Time in catching up with Singh. “It’s so soft this week,” he said with a twinkle in his eye. “I hope his legs get tired over the weekend.” BRENT SMITH/REUTERS Vijay Singh led the BMW Championship after two rounds. Nick Watney, left, said he was motivated by playing with Tiger Woods and Rory McIlroy, who each were a shot off the lead. Big Names At Top Offer Inspiration SCOTT HALLERAN/GETTY IMAGES G O L F ‘I can remember sitting in Kyle’s meetings and thinking, “This is good stuff.” ’ Delaware Coach K.C. KEELER S O C C E R JAMAICA 2 UNITED STATES 1 Mercedes-Benz MINT 2DR MERC/1 OWNER 2011 E-350 FSBOin Southampton,Steel grey w/beige leath;8700 miles.Fast,roomy sports car,$54,995.Call:917-533-4837 or 435-610-1100 Autos/Vans/Sport Utilities 3720 N D3 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 Each week, two of college’s football’s sea- soned observers, Pre-Snap Read’s Paul Myer- berg and Robert Weintraub of Football Outsid- ers, get together over e-mail to discuss the big- gest games and story lines around the country. What’s up, Rob? It’s 2011 all over again. Alabama is the best team in college football. Louisiana State’s just behind. Oklahoma State is the highest- scoring team in the country. (Even if the Cow- boys scored 84 points on Savannah State.) What was striking to me through the season’s first weekend was just how little has changed. It looks as if the eight-month layoff has not af- fected the Football Bowl Subdivision’s power structure. Two teams stood out: Alabama and Ore- gon. The Crimson Tide dismantled Michigan, 41-14, with a deviously simple blueprint: make Denard Robinson beat us. To do so, Nick Saban and Kirby Smart, Alabama’s defensive coordinator, forced the senior quarterback to move the ball through the air, not with his legs. The result? Robinson completed 11 of 26 at- tempts for 200 yards and a pair of intercep- tions. With Robinson completely neutralized, the Wolverines never had a chance. And Oregon? Ignore the final score; the Ducks beat Arkansas State, 57-34, but it was 50-3 with seven minutes left in the first half. As good as Oregon has looked in the past — and Oregon has looked pretty good under Chip Kelly — this year’s offense, led by the redshirt freshman quarterback Marcus Mariota and the sophomore running back-wide receiver De’Anthony Thomas, will be the best in pro- gram history. Talk to you soon, Paul. Hey Paul, Let’s not forget Southern California. I talked last week about Matt Barkley and Mar- qise Lee, and they hooked up for a 75-yard touchdown on the first play from scrimmage of the season! It’s hard to see either the Trojans or the Ducks being slowed until they face one another. Poor Savannah State now ventures to Florida State, where it is a mere 70›-point un- derdog. While many may wonder if the Semi- noles can cover that historically large spread, I’m more concerned about their long-term chances now that the standout sackmeister Brandon Jenkins is lost for the season with a foot injury. Certainly the Atlantic Coast Con- ference title remains a viable goal, but can they still run the table without their best pass rusher? Meanwhile, this is the week the Southeastern Conference expansion becomes real, with Georgia flying out to tangle with Missouri and Florida visiting Texas A&M. Georgia’s defense, hampered by suspensions, will have a big challenge with Missouri quar- terback James Franklin, but might get motiva- tion from Tigers defensive tackle Sheldon Richardson, who disparaged the Bulldogs style as “old-man football.” Sincerely, Rob. Rob, “Old-man football” has won the last six national championships, by the way. If any- thing, Georgia’s offensive philosophy is far flashier than the offenses at Alabama and L.S.U., which embody substance winning over style. Missouri and Texas A&M’s initial foray into the SEC is the story of the day. How about Texas A&M? New head coach (Kevin Sumlin). New offensive coordinator (Kliff Kingsbury). New defensive coordinator (Mark Snyder). New offense (the Air Raid). New defense (the 3-4). New conference (SEC). A&M could have used last week’s game against Louisiana Tech to help get on the same page before its conference opener; the game was postponed because of Hurricane Isaac. Now, the big question: After four teams lost to F.C.S. opponents over the opening weekend, which teams should we place on up- set alert for Saturday? Paul, Certainly South Carolina has to be consid- ered upset bait against East Carolina, mainly because of quarterback Connor Shaw’s injured shoulder. And my heart is with my alma mater, Syracuse, to pull the monster upset of U.S.C. in New Jersey. But an upset is unlikely. Amid the usual early season beatdowns lurks an inter- esting game in Pasadena, Calif., where Ne- braska visits U.C.L.A. Nebraska quarterback Taylor Martinez looked vastly improved in his mechanics and accuracy, throwing five touch- down passes against Southern Mississippi. But their leading rusher, Rex Burkhead, has a sprained knee and may not play. Neither team is Rose Bowl material, but this is a decent Big Ten-Pac 12 warm-up. HARRY HOW/GETTY IMAGES MIKE STONE/REUTERS By TIM ROHAN  NASHVILLE —  A certain brand of optimism had been required for James Franklin to forgive his father, to forget their past. But now it was be- ing tested. In his father’s new home, Franklin listened to his father’s new wife deny his father’s sins against him, his sister and their mother. Then Franklin’s father, also named James, stopped her. It was true, he said. He had done awful things to his former wife and their two children. A proud, stubborn man who was now defeated and dying, Franklin finally admitted this to his son. He was pain- fully frail, an oxygen tank by his side, cancer attacking his spine and lungs. Still, a sense of righteousness filled the younger Franklin. He wanted his mother and sister to feel it too.   Within a month, his father would be dead. But not before Franklin recruit- ed him to visit their old home in Lang- horne, Pa., where his father’s alcohol- ism and violence had ruined a mar- riage and nearly destroyed his family.   It was 1997 and James was 25, old enough to use his way with words for a purpose, old enough to understand a son’s urge to know his father. They had reconnected two years earlier, af- ter James had reached out to his fa- ther. So long before the younger Frank- lin’s enthusiasm would rejuvenate a dormant Vanderbilt football program, he helped his father into the car. His sister, Debbie, and their mother, Jocelyn, were sitting on the porch when they arrived. Nearly a decade had passed since Jocelyn, a vivacious, headstrong woman, had made her husband leave for good, ending their on-again, off-again dance. She be- lieved in her family and thought she had no other choice.   There, on the porch, Franklin’s fa- ther apologized. After that, Franklin recalled, his mother let go of any bit- terness toward his father. His sister would regret not showing him more compassion in the final months of his life. Franklin does not go into great de- tail about that day on the family’s porch, saying he wanted to respect the privacy of his parents, both now dead. But just before the start of this season, he spent 15 minutes telling his Vanderbilt team about his past.   For weeks, he had asked his players to stand and talk about their families, their role models, their challenges. Players opened up. They learned each other’s histories, had shed tears, per- haps because they had trusted Frank- lin. Now it was his turn. “I just talked about why I am the way I am,” Franklin said. ANew Challenge Franklin had been the offensive co- ordinator at Maryland and Kansas State before becoming the Commo- dores’ coach before last season. He did that despite people warning him, “You can’t win at Vanderbilt.”  To a point,Franklin listened — about the 4 bowl appearances in 121 years, the 2 winning seasons in the last 35 years — so he could under- stand and learn from the past. Then he stopped, so his own optimism would not be poisoned. He hired young assistants, who would not put much credence in the program’s mori- bund history. If given the time and resources, Franklin believed he could win at Van- derbilt, the only private institution in the Southeastern Conference. “This university had to get comfort- able with athletic success,” David Wil- liams, the athletic director, said. “When I came here there,was some people who thought that being suc- cessful in athletics said something negatively about your academic suc- cess. I never got that.”  In 2003, E. Gordon Gee, then the university’s president, restructured the athletic department and redefined it as a division of student life. Gee had Williams, then a vice chancellor, serve as the “quasi-athletic director,” and the university’s general counsel, so neither job received his undivided at- tention.        When Franklin arrived, however, he sought it. He needed only one meeting to persuade Williams to build a $31 million indoor practice facility. After Franklin went 6-6 in his first regular season, earning a bowl berth, he made personal visits to donors, and Vander- bilt raised $17 million in four months, a figure previously unheard of.   In July, the athletic department was reassembled as its own entity and Williams was named athletic director.     “You get wrapped up in his ex- citement,” Williams said of Franklin. “And his excitement is not naked ex- citement. It’s not just excitement to be excited. It has a purpose to it. It has a beginning and an end to it, and it’s in- fectious. And you get caught in it. And you understand things that you may have forgotten, like, you can power success through a lot of other things.”     When Franklin arrived at Vander- bilt, he said that nobody wanted to take responsibility for the condition of the football program. “Well, that had nothing to do with me,” was what he heard again and again. The negativity overwhelmed him: there were doubt- ers on the team, on campus, in his own athletic department. Franklin began working to change that. He came up with a slogan, “An- chor Down,” and a symbol, “V-U,” made by holding his thumb, in- dex and middle fingers spread apart. He featured the anchor as the team’s symbol and painted everything he could black and gold.   Those cosmetic changes and Frank- lin’s demanding style were easier to accept once the Commodores won six games, quarterback Jordan Rodgers said.   Before, it had been common for Rodgers to go unnoticed on campus. “It was such a joke if you went to the games,” Paige Cahill, a senior, said. “It was sad,because I’m a foot- ball fan, to hear somebody laughing, ‘Oh, you’re going to the game?’”  Undeterred, Franklin visited every fraternity and sorority three times, telling them to take pride in the team, their university. It became cool to go to games, and Rodgers is now hound- ed by his fellow students. Still, Rodg- ers said, “Coach Franklin’s the rock star on campus.”  Many students watched the You- Tube videos Franklin posted of him surprising the team with a dodge ball tournament or with a bowling outing. The videos humanized the coach and his team. Recruits saw the videos and the success, and now they listened when Franklin visited their homes. He presented what he called a logical ar- gument: why wouldn’t they want to play right away in the SEC, receive a quality education and make history at Vanderbilt?   “He has a way with words, not in a way to trick you, but he makes you re- alize there are bigger things in life than football,” said Caleb Azubike, who chose Vanderbilt over Alabama and Georgia and is a member of the highly ranked 2012 recruiting class.   Franklin said: “I’ve been told that we’re not doing a whole lot different than what’s been done in the past around here. But maybe our convic- tion and our passion and maybe the way we’re telling our story, people can visualize it a little easier.”  Struggles on the Home Front On the night Franklin explained his past to his team, he did not have time for every intimate detail. As how in high school, when his mother separat- ed from his father, he was, perhaps like some of them, talented, but imma- ture. His mother cleaned other peo- ple’s homes and worked in his school as a hall aide, but found time to cheer for her son at his football games.   In school, Franklin used his way with words to get out of doing home- work. He would always have a tale to spin when he had dinner with his teammate Jason Bowman, who lived nearby. The Bowmans could not tell anything was amiss at home, certainly not by the stories that spilled out of Franklin or the jokes he told.      “No one pushed or taught this char- acter — he just had it,” said Gary Bow- man, Jason’s father, and the superin- tendent of the school district Franklin attended. “If you want a story retold, he could embellish it to make it the funniest story around.     “He had such a wonderful person- ality that he almost made it realistic.”  On the night Franklin explained his past to his team, he did not have time to explain how his mother left her home in Manchester, England, to elope with a member of the United States Air Force. They moved to Pennsylvania to start a family. And when she summoned the courage to leave the man she had invested every- thing in, she was alone, except for her daughter, who stayed to help pay the bills, and her son, who left to play quarterback at East Stroudsburg, less than two hours away.          At home during the summer, Frank- lin worked multiple jobs to contribute. But when he left, he felt guilty, had a sense of homesickness, his mother and sister left behind and trying to stay afloat. They once had to hide their mother’s car in a neighbor’s backyard so it would not be repos- sessed, and the Bowmans once paid his mother’s taxes so she would not lose the house.   With that in mind, Franklin ma- tured. He majored in psychology and then carved out a career coaching football. He put his head down and plowed ahead, as his mother had, be- cause even if Franklin shared a name with his father, and looked more like him each year, he was his mother’s voluble, driven son. On the night the 40-year-old Frank- lin explained his past to his team, he worried. He asked his wife, Fumi, if he had been too vulnerable. She said no. His players would respect him for it, perhaps play harder for him because of it, and James agreed. Two days later, he stood in Vander- bilt Stadium pointing out the physical progress of his first 20 months here. Over there was the new turf, and the new scoreboard, and the new lights for prime-time games on national tele- vision, and then there was the new, grassy hill in the north end zone. Fumi and their youngest daughter, Addison, ran around the field. Their oldest daughter, Ava, had started kin- dergarten. This felt like home. Often Franklin and his family eat together in the renovated athletic dining hall, be- cause he wants to be the father he never had.   His daughters have chased each other through the new football meet- ing rooms. Already, Franklin has achieved a status that if he requests something reasonable, Williams said, there is no pushback. It is the same with Franklin’s players, who under- stand that once his sentimental side is gone he expects effort. “You can be hard on people, as long as you love them hard too,” Franklin said.   But Franklin’s optimism and pa- tience, his energy and his words, can only power Vanderbilt for so long. Last season’s 6-7 finish, after its bowl game loss, was still a losing season. And last week’s close call, a 17-13 loss to No. 9 South Carolina, was still a loss. The Commodores get another chance Saturday night at Northwest- ern.   Just as he did for his father, Frank- lin has strengthened his team’s con- viction and driven it to where it needs to be. Taking the final steps, staring down the past, and following through will now be Commodores’ most formi- dable act. PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHRISTOPHER BERKEY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Vanderbilt Coach James Franklin shared his relationship with his father after asking his players to discuss their families and role models. Building Ties by Opening Up Franklin led Vanderbilt, the only private institution in the Southeastern Conference, to a 6-7 record in his first season. With Dashes of Insight and Optimism, Vanderbilt Coach Revives a Moribund Program C O L L E G E F O OT BA L L The Quad College Letter Men Alabama con- trolled Denard Robinson. Be- low, U.S.C.’s Matt Barkley. D4 ØØ N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 S C O R E B OA R D T E NNI S U.S. O P E N For seven years now, the very best men’s players have monopolized the Grand Slam trophies. Either Roger Federer won, or Ra- fael Nadal won, or Novak Djokovic won. Simple as that. The rest of the field played in both the same tournament and another stratosphere. So went this era of modern tennis. The so-called Big Three collected 29 of the previous 30 major titles before this United States Open, from the French Open in 2005 to Wim- bledon in 2012. In each of those Slams, ei- ther Federer or Nadal advanced to the semifinals. More often than not, both did. That streak will end Saturday. This final four features the defending champion in Djokovic and the most recent Olympic gold medalist in Andy Murray. Instead of the in- jured Nadal or the defeated Federer, the semifinals will also showcase Tomas Ber- dych and David Ferrer. The wider question is what these semi- finals say about men’s tennis. Is it indica- tive of the depth on the ATPTour, a sign that the Big Three’s stranglehold has weak- ened? Or is it simply an aberration, a result of Nadal’s knee injury and a bad quarterfi- nal matchup for Federer in Berdych? “I honestly don’t know this,” said Janko Tipsarevic, who fell to Ferrer in the quar- terfinals. “Players get injured. Tomas played flawless. So it is surprising, but in a way, it’s not really surprising.” As Tipsarevic continued, he sounded hopeful, if not entirely convinced. “I mean, I guess it’s good news for the rest of us,” he added. “But I honestly don’t know. It’s just one tournament.” Either way, the top of the ATPlandscape has shifted more than usual throughout the year. Djokovic triumphed at the Australian Open, his third major title in a row. Nadal, as usual, dominated the French.Federer and Murray both completed a summer for the ages. Federer won Wimbledon and re- turned to No. 1. Djokovic fell to No. 2. Mur- ray seized Olympic gold. Should he make the Open final, he will ascend to No. 3. Nadal, meanwhile, will miss the rest of 2012. Confused yet? All four seem capable when healthy of winning Grand Slam tournaments, of reaching No. 1. All four seem vulnerable, too, and the Open provided proof of that, along with proof that there are more than four players on the Tour capable of winning a major tournament. One of them is Berdych, increasingly kryptonite for Federer. On Thursday, Federer did not lose so much as Berdych beat him. Berdych’s serve kept Federer on the defensive, and Berdych continued to at- tack, even after he dropped the third set. That Berdych again knocked out Feder- er, same as at Wimbledon in 2010, did not shock the other players. “For maybe some people it was surprising to see Roger lose, because he’s been so consistent and domi- nant in the last couple of years,” Djokovic said. “But Berdych deserved to win. I’ve never seen him play that well.” Berdych, too, bristled at a perceived lack of respect. To an innocuous question about recent upsets by players from his Czech Republic, including the less-heralded Lukas Rosol, Berdych scoffed, “Well, I just hope you’re not comparing me with Lukas Rosol.” Berdych continued: “Is it something wrong that we are from Czech and beating big guys?No? Good. O.K.” Berdych will play Murray in the first semifinal Saturday, which was moved up to 11 a.m. because of rain expected later in the day. Their contest contains one of the more interesting subplots, in that Berdych would become the third Czech man to reach the United States Open final, after Jan Kodes and Ivan Lendl, who is Murray’s coach. The second semifinal pits Djokovic against Ferrer, who slid into the fourth seed when Nadal withdrew before the tourna- ment began. Djokovic toppled Juan Martín del Potro in the quarterfinals, in a three-set victory that felt more like a five-setter, in a match Djokovic described afterward as “much closer and tougher than really the score indicated.” Ferrer, meanwhile, is the fifth best player in the world, which is sort of like being the best sushi in Arkansas. He holds an 18-3 record in Grand Slam tournaments this season, his best, compiled at age 30. His five titles this year rank second only to Federer’s six, and Ferrer won at least one championship on each surface. Yet Ferrer says he still walks around Manhattan largely unnoticed, more proof of the gap between the four best players and the rest of the tour. An upset of Djokovic would change that. “He’s one of the biggest competitors we have in the game,” Djokovic said. “People overlook him. But he has been one of the most consistent players on the tour. You need to earn your points against him.” For all the unfamiliarity of Saturday’s semifinals, Djokovic emerged in recent days as the tournament favorite. Should he win, he would add to the Big Three’s streak and, with two Grand Slam titles, challenge Federer for player of the year honors. For now, then, the state of men’s tennis remained unanswered, change possible, but not certain. Questions Atop Men’s Game As Big Three Thins to Djokovic SUZY ALLMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES BEN SOLOMON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES BEN SOLOMON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES The U.S. Open semifinals will have a little different lineup, featuring, clockwise from top left, Andy Murray, Tomas Berdych, Novak Djokovic and David Ferrer. GREG BISHOP ON TENNIS TRACK AND FIELD Merritt Sets Hurdles World Mark Aries Merritt of the United States set a world record of 12.80 seconds in the 110- meter hurdles Friday, upstaging Usain Bolt’s routine 100-meter victory in the final Diamond League meet of the season in Brussels. Merritt, the Olympic champion, shot out of the blocks, did not touch any of the hur- dles and lunged at the line with both arms flung backward to slice 0.07 of a second off the mark set by Dayron Robles of Cuba four years ago.Bolt ran a controlled race to win the 100 in 9.86 seconds. (AP) SOCCER Italy and Bulgaria Tie Italy was held to a 2-2 tie by Bulgaria in its opening World Cup qualifier. A rare mistake by goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon let Stanislav Manolev put Bulgaria in front. However, Pablo Osvaldo scored his first two interna- tional goals to give Italy a 2-1 halftime lead. Georgi Milanov tied the score for Bulgaria in the 66th minute. (AP) ¶ There were jubilant scenes in Reykjavik as Iceland sealed a surprising 2-0 victory over its Scandinavian neighbors Norway in a World Cup qualifier behind goals from Kari Arnason and Alfred Finnbogason. (REUTERS) CYCLING Leader Contador Loses Time Alberto Contador lost 17 seconds of his over- all lead with only one day of real racing left in the Vuelta a España. He leads Alejandro Valverde by 1:35. Joaquim Rodríguez is 2:21 behind in third before the mountain stage Saturday. Philippe Gilbert won Friday’s 111- mile stage. (AP) BASKETBALL Knicks Lose Brewer for 6 Weeks Ronnie Brewer, the Knicks’ likely starter at shooting guard, will be out for six weeks af- ter having arthroscopic knee surgery. Brewer needed the surgery to repair a me- dial meniscus tear in his left knee, an injury that occurred sometime in the last two weeks, according to the team. He will prob- ably miss the first three weeks of training camp, as well as the Knicks’ first three pre- season games. N.B.A. camps open on Oct. 2. The Knicks are hoping that the defensive- minded Brewer can fill in as the starter until Iman Shumpert returns from knee surgery sometime in January. HOWARDBECK ¶ Epiphanny Prince scored 30 points to lead the Chicago Sky to a 92-83 win over the Lib- erty in Newark.Chicago moved a half game past the Liberty for the fourth and final playoff spot in the East.Cappie Pondexter scored 24 points on 7-for-19 shooting to lead the Liberty (11-17). (AP) S P O RT S B R I E F I NG BASEBALL M.L.B. CALENDAR Oct. 5 — Postseason begins, wild-card playoffs. TENNIS U.S. OPEN The USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center NEW YORK Singles Women Semifinals Victoria Azarenka (1), Belarus, d. Maria Sharapova (3), Russia, 3-6, 6-2, 6-4. Serena Williams (4), United States, d. Sara Errani (10), Italy, 6-1, 6-2. Doubles Men Championship Bob and Mike Bryan (2), United States, d. Leander Paes, India, and Radek Stepanek (5), Czech Republic, 6-3, 6-4. U.S. OPEN SCHEDULE Arthur Ashe Stadium Play begins at 11 a.m. EDT Men's Singles Semifinals: Tomas Berdych (6), Czech Republic, vs. Andy Murray (3), Britain Men's Singles Semifinals, not before Noon: David Ferrer (4), Spain, vs. Novak Djokovic (2), Serbia Night Session (7 p.m.) Women's Singles Final: Victoria Azarenka (1), Belarus, vs. Serena Williams (4), United States SATURDAY 7:05 Yankees (Sabathia (L), 13-4, 3.42) at Baltimore (Saunders (L), 7-11, 4.26) 4:05 Kansas City (Chen (L), 10-11, 5.28) at Chicago (Sale (L), 15-6, 2.93) 7:10 Toronto (Romero (L), 8-13, 5.85) at Boston (Matsuzaka (R), 1-4, 6.15) 7:10 Cleveland (McAllster (R), 5-6, 4.26) at Minnesota (De Vries (R), 4-5, 4.41) 7:10 Texas (Darvish (R), 14-9, 4.29) at Tampa Bay (Archer (R), 0-2, 3.09) 9:05 Detroit (Verlander (R), 13-7, 2.73) at Los Angeles (Wilson (L), 11-9, 3.85) 9:10 Oakland (Anderson (L), 3-0, 0.90) at Seattle (Iwakuma (R), 6-3, 3.14) SATURDAY 4:05 Atlanta (Medlen (R), 7-1, 1.56) at Mets (Hefner (R), 2-5, 4.52) 1:05 Miami (Buehrle (L), 12-12, 3.73) at Washington (Detwiler (L), 9-6, 3.15) 4:05 Los Angeles (Capuano (L), 11-10, 3.63) at San Francisco (Cain (R), 13-5, 2.98) 7:05 Colorado (Chatwood (R), 4-4, 5.53) at Philadelphia (Hamels (L), 14-6, 3.04) 7:05 Chicago (Smardzija (R), 8-13, 3.91) at Pittsburgh (McDonald (R), 12-7, 3.90) 7:10 Houston (Norris (R), 5-11, 4.80) at Cincinnati (Arroyo (R), 11-7, 3.76) 7:15 Milwaukee (Fiers (R), 8-7, 3.11) at St. Louis (Westbrook (R), 13-10, 3.93) 8:35 Arizona (Miley (L), 14-9, 2.90) at San Diego (Kelly (R), 1-0, 3.86) A.L. STANDINGS East W L Pct GB Yankees 78 60 .565 — Baltimore 77 61 .558 1 Tampa Bay 76 62 .551 2 Boston 63 76 .453 15 { Toronto 62 75 .453 15 { Central W L Pct GB Chicago 74 63 .540 — Detroit 73 63 .537 { Kansas City 62 76 .449 12 { Cleveland 59 79 .428 15 { Minnesota 56 82 .406 18 { West W L Pct GB Texas 82 56 .594 — Oakland 76 60 .559 5 Los Angeles 74 63 .540 7 { Seattle 67 71 .486 15 FRIDAY Yankees 8, Baltimore 5 Tampa Bay 3, Texas 1, 11 innings Toronto 7, Boston 5 Cleveland 7, Minnesota 6 Kansas City 7, Chicago White Sox 5 Detroit at L.A. Angels Oakland at Seattle N.L. STANDINGS East W L Pct GB Washington 85 53 .616 — Atlanta 79 60 .568 6 { Philadelphia 67 71 .486 18 Mets 65 73 .471 20 Miami 62 77 .446 23 { Central W L Pct GB Cincinnati 83 56 .597 — St. Louis 74 63 .540 8 Pittsburgh 72 65 .526 10 Milwaukee 67 70 .489 15 Chicago 52 86 .377 30 { Houston 43 95 .312 39 { West W L Pct GB San Francisco 77 60 .562 — Los Angeles 73 65 .529 4 { Arizona 68 70 .493 9 { San Diego 64 74 .464 13 { Colorado 56 81 .409 21 FRIDAY Atlanta 3, Mets 0 Chicago Cubs 12, Pittsburgh 2 Philadelphia 3, Colorado 2 Miami 9, Washington 7, 10 innings Houston 5, Cincinnati 3 Milwaukee at St. Louis Arizona at San Diego L.A. Dodgers at San Francisco PRO FOOTBALL N.F.L. STANDINGS AMERICAN CONFERENCE East W L T Pct PF PA Buffalo 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Miami 0 0 0 .000 0 0 N. England 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Jets 0 0 0 .000 0 0 South W L T Pct PF PA Houston 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Indianapolis 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Jacksonville 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Tennessee 0 0 0 .000 0 0 North W L T Pct PF PA Baltimore 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Cincinnati 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Cleveland 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Pittsburgh 0 0 0 .000 0 0 West W L T Pct PF PA Denver 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Kansas City 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Oakland 0 0 0 .000 0 0 San Diego 0 0 0 .000 0 0 NATIONAL CONFERENCE East W L T Pct PF PA Dallas 1 0 0 1.000 24 17 Phila. 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Washington 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Giants 0 1 0 .000 17 24 South W L T Pct PF PA Atlanta 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Carolina 0 0 0 .000 0 0 New Orleans 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Tampa Bay 0 0 0 .000 0 0 North W L T Pct PF PA Chicago 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Detroit 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Green Bay 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Minnesota 0 0 0 .000 0 0 West W L T Pct PF PA Arizona 0 0 0 .000 0 0 San Fran. 0 0 0 .000 0 0 Seattle 0 0 0 .000 0 0 St. Louis 0 0 0 .000 0 0 WEDNESDAY Dallas 24, Giants 17 SUNDAY Buffalo at Jets, 1 Indianapolis at Chicago, 1 Jacksonville at Minnesota, 1 Miami at Houston, 1 New England at Tennessee, 1 Washington at New Orleans, 1 Atlanta at Kansas City, 1 St. Louis at Detroit, 1 Philadelphia at Cleveland, 1 Seattle at Arizona, 4:25 San Francisco at Green Bay, 4:25 Carolina at Tampa Bay, 4:25 Pittsburgh at Denver, 8:20 MONDAY Cincinnati at Baltimore, 7 San Diego at Oakland, 10:15 N.F.L. INJURY REPORT BUFFALO AT JETS BILLS: QUESTIONABLE: WR Stevie Johnson (groin). PROBABLE: WR Brad Smith (groin), G Kraig Urbik (low back). JETS: OUT: T Dennis Landolt (knee), S Eric Smith (hip, knee). QUESTIONABLE: DE Mike DeVito (calf), TE Dustin Keller (hamstring), DT Sione Po'uha (low back). PROBABLE: LB Nick Bellore (shoulder), S Josh Bush (concussion), LB David Harris (ankle), WR Stephen Hill (calf), WR Santonio Holmes (ribs), S LaRon Landry (heel), CB Ellis Lankster (quadriceps), RB Joe McKnight (hamstring), G Brandon Moore (hip), WR Chaz Schilens (ankle), LB Bryan Thomas (ankle). SOCCER M.L.S. STANDINGS EAST W L T Pts GF GA Sporting KC 15 7 5 50 34 24 New York 13 7 7 46 46 39 Houston 12 7 9 45 40 33 Chicago 13 8 5 44 35 31 Columbus 12 9 6 42 33 32 D.C. 12 10 5 41 43 38 Montreal 12 14 3 39 43 46 New England 7 14 7 28 35 38 Philadelphia 7 13 5 26 25 30 Toronto FC 5 16 6 21 30 48 WEST W L T Pts GF GA San Jose 16 6 5 53 56 33 Real Salt Lake 14 11 4 46 38 33 Seattle 12 6 8 44 41 27 Los Angeles 13 11 4 43 48 40 Vancouver 10 11 7 37 29 37 FC Dallas 8 12 9 33 34 38 Colorado 9 17 2 29 36 41 Chivas USA 7 11 7 28 20 39 Portland 7 14 6 27 27 46 Saturday’s Games Chivas USA at Seattle FC, 4 p.m. GOLF BMW CHAMPIONSHIP Crooked Stick Golf Club Course CARMEL, IND. Purse: $8 million Yardage: 7,497; Par: 72 Second Round Vijay Singh. . . . . . . . . . .65-66—131 -13 Ryan Moore . . . . . . . . . .66-66—132 -12 Rory McIlroy. . . . . . . . . .64-68—132 -12 Tiger Woods. . . . . . . . . .65-67—132 -12 Lee Westwood . . . . . . . .68-65—133 -11 Bo Van Pelt . . . . . . . . . .64-69—133 -11 Seung-Yul Noh . . . . . . . .68-66—134 -10 Graham DeLaet. . . . . . . .64-70—134 -10 Graeme McDowell . . . . . .68-67—135 -9 Dustin Johnson. . . . . . . .68-67—135 -9 Bill Haas . . . . . . . . . . . .71-64—135 -9 Padraig Harrington. . . . . .70-65—135 -9 Tom Gillis. . . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -8 Robert Garrigus. . . . . . . .67-69—136 -8 Ian Poulter. . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8 Adam Scott . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8 John Huh. . . . . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -8 Zach Johnson. . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -8 Phil Mickelson. . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -8 Troy Matteson. . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -8 Chris Kirk. . . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8 Justin Rose . . . . . . . . . .67-70—137 -7 Rickie Fowler . . . . . . . . .67-70—137 -7 Louis Oosthuizen. . . . . . .68-69—137 -7 Martin Laird . . . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -7 Charl Schwartzel. . . . . . .69-68—137 -7 Brendon de Jonge. . . . . .71-66—137 -7 Luke Donald. . . . . . . . . .66-72—138 -6 Brandt Snedeker. . . . . . .69-69—138 -6 Ben Crane . . . . . . . . . . .67-71—138 -6 Kyle Stanley. . . . . . . . . .68-70—138 -6 Sergio Garcia . . . . . . . . .69-69—138 -6 Ernie Els . . . . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5 Geoff Ogilvy. . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5 Ben Curtis . . . . . . . . . . .70-69—139 -5 John Senden. . . . . . . . . .70-69—139 -5 Jason Dufner . . . . . . . . .72-67—139 -5 Webb Simpson . . . . . . . .64-75—139 -5 Jim Furyk. . . . . . . . . . . .69-70—139 -5 Nick Watney. . . . . . . . . .70-69—139 -5 David Hearn. . . . . . . . . .69-70—139 -5 Ryan Palmer. . . . . . . . . .66-73—139 -5 Matt Every. . . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5 PRO BASKETBALL W.N.B.A. STANDINGS EASTERN CONFERENCE W L Pct GB x-Connecticut 20 8 .714 — x-Indiana 18 9 .667 1 { Atlanta 15 14 .517 5 { Chicago 11 16 .407 8 { New York 11 17 .393 9 Washington 5 23 .179 15 WESTERN CONFERENCE W L Pct GB x-Minnesota 23 4 .852 — x-Los Angeles 20 9 .690 4 x-San Antonio 17 10 .630 6 Seattle 12 14 .462 10 { Phoenix 7 20 .259 16 Tulsa 6 21 .222 17 x-clinched playoff spot Friday's Games Phoenix 91, Connecticut 82 Los Angeles 96, Washington 68 Chicago 92, New York 83 Minnesota 97, Atlanta 93, OT Indiana 82, San Antonio 78 WORLD CUP QUALIFYING Home nations listed first North and Central America and Caribbean Third Round Group A Guatemala 3 . . . Antigua and Barbuda 1 Jamaica 2 . . . . . . . . . . . United States 1 Group B Costa Rica 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico 2 El Salvador 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guyana 2 Group C Canada 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Panama 0 Cuba 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Honduras 3 Europe First Round Group A Croatia 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . Macedonia 0 Wales 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium 2 Group B Malta 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Armenia 1 Bulgaria 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy 2 Group C Kazakhstan 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ireland 2 Germany 3 . . . . . . . . . . Faroe Islands 0 Group D Andorra 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hungary 5 Estonia 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romania 2 Netherlands 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkey 0 Group E Iceland 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Norway 0 Slovenia 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland 2 Albania 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyprus 1 Group F Russia 2 . . . . . . . . . . Northern Ireland 0 Azerbaijan 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Israel 1 Luxembourg 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Portugal 2 Group G Liechtenstein 1. . . . . . . . . . . . Bosnia 8 Latvia 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Greece 2 Lithuania 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Slovakia 1 A.L. WILD-CARD STANDINGS (Top 2 teams qualify) W L Pct WCGB Oakland 76 60 .559 — Baltimore 77 61 .558 — Tampa Bay 76 62 .551 1 Los Angeles 74 63 .540 2{ Detroit 73 63 .537 3 N.L. WILD-CARD STANDINGS (Top 2 teams qualify) W L Pct WCGB Atlanta 79 60 .568 — St. Louis 74 63 .540 — Los Angeles 73 65 .529 1{ Pittsburgh 72 65 .526 2 YANKEES 8, ORIOLES 5 New York ab r h bi bb so avg. Jeter ss 5 1 3 1 0 0 .320 Swisher rf-1b 4 1 0 0 0 1 .261 Cano 2b 3 1 0 0 1 1 .301 Al.Rodriguez dh 4 1 2 2 0 2 .277 R.Martin c 4 1 1 3 0 0 .204 Granderson cf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .231 An.Jones lf 2 1 1 0 0 0 .206 Ibanez ph-lf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .227 Dickerson lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .286 Pearce 1b 2 1 1 2 0 0 .253 I.Suzuki ph-rf 2 1 1 0 0 0 .268 McGehee 3b 2 0 0 0 0 0 .178 Er.Chavez ph-3b 1 0 0 0 0 1 .280 J.Nix ph-3b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .253 Totals 36 8 9 8 1 8 Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg. Markakis rf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .297 Hardy ss 4 1 1 0 0 0 .232 McLouth lf 4 1 3 0 0 0 .266 Ad.Jones cf 4 1 1 3 0 2 .288 Wieters c 4 0 0 0 0 0 .238 Mar.Reynolds 1b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .233 C.Davis dh 4 0 0 0 0 2 .256 Machado 3b 4 1 2 1 0 0 .293 Andino 2b 4 1 1 1 0 2 .220 Totals 36 5 8 5 0 8 New York 000 520 001—8 9 1 Baltimore 000 003 101—5 8 0 E—Swisher (4). LOB—New York 3, Baltimore 4. 2B—McLouth 2 (8). HR—R. Martin (16), off W.Chen; Pearce (4), off W.Chen; Al.Rodriguez (16), off W.Chen; Ad.Jones (29), off P.Hughes; Andino (7), off Eppley; Machado (4), off R.Soriano. RBIs— Jeter (47), Al.Rodriguez 2 (48), R.Martin 3 (43), Pearce 2 (16), Ad.Jones 3 (74), Machado (14), Andino (25). New York ip h r er bb so np era P.Hughes W14-12 6 6 3 2 0 5 95 4.13 Eppley Í/¯ 1 1 1 0 0 4 3.40 Logan H18 1 0 0 0 0 0 13 3.78 D.Robertson H24 Î/¯ 0 0 0 0 1 4 2.74 R.Soriano 1 1 1 1 0 2 13 2.06 Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era W.Chen L12-9 4 Î/¯ 6 7 7 1 4 68 4.06 S.Johnson 3 1 0 0 0 3 38 2.57 Matusz Î/¯ 1 1 1 0 1 9 5.28 Ayala Î/¯ 1 0 0 0 0 7 2.62 T—2:45. A—40,861 (45,971). RAYS 3, RANGERS 1 Texas ab r h bi bb so avg. Kinsler 2b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .267 Andrus ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .296 Hamilton cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .289 Beltre 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .319 N.Cruz rf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .258 Mi.Young dh 4 1 1 1 0 1 .269 Dav.Murphy lf 3 0 1 0 1 1 .316 Moreland 1b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .285 L.Martinez c 3 0 0 0 0 1 .111 Profar ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .400 Soto c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .221 Totals 35 1 5 1 1 13 Tampa Bay ab r h bi bb so avg. De.Jennings lf 5 0 0 0 0 3 .252 B.Upton cf 3 1 1 0 2 2 .252 Zobrist ss 4 1 1 2 1 2 .266 Longoria 3b 4 1 1 1 0 2 .290 Keppinger 1b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .324 C.Pena 1b 1 0 0 0 0 1 .190 B.Francisco dh-rf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .246 R.Roberts 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .217 C.Gimenez c 2 0 0 0 1 0 .216 Thompson pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .105 J.Molina c 1 0 1 0 0 0 .206 Fuld rf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .299 E.Johnson ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .242 W.Davis p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .500 Totals 35 3 5 3 4 16 Texas 000 010 000 00—1 5 0 Tampa Bay 000 100 000 02—3 5 0 LOB—Texas 2, Tampa Bay 6. HR— Mi.Young (7), off Hellickson; Longoria (11), off D.Holland; Zobrist (16), off M.Lowe. RBIs—Mi.Young (59), Zobrist 2 (60), Longoria (40). SB—B.Upton (28). CS—Dav. Murphy (4). DP—Tampa Bay 2 Texas ip h r er bb so np era D.Holland 8 2 1 1 2 11 116 4.59 Uehara Î/¯ 0 0 0 1 2 14 2.42 Kirkman 1 2 0 0 0 3 23 3.73 Scheppers Í/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 4 4.13 M.Lowe L0-1 0 1 2 2 1 0 11 2.61 Tampa Bay ip h r er bb so np era Hellickson 6 4 1 1 1 5 95 3.33 Farnsworth 1 0 0 0 0 0 7 2.49 Jo.Peralta 1 0 0 0 0 2 11 3.63 Rodney 1 0 0 0 0 1 14 0.70 W.Davis W3-0 2 1 0 0 0 5 31 2.21 T—3:32. A—19,545 (34,078). BRAVES 3, METS 0 Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg. Bourn cf 3 0 1 0 1 0 .283 Re.Johnson lf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .305 Venters p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Overbay ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .283 O'Flaherty p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Kimbrel p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- C.Jones 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .300 F.Freeman 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .264 Prado ss-lf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .294 Heyward rf 4 1 2 1 0 0 .277 Uggla 2b 4 2 2 1 0 0 .209 D.Ross c 3 0 0 1 0 0 .266 Maholm p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .074 Durbin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Avilan p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .333 Constanza ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .220 Janish ss 0 0 0 0 0 0 .189 Totals 33 3 7 3 1 4 New York ab r h bi bb so avg. R.Cedeno ss 4 0 1 0 1 2 .275 Dan.Murphy 2b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .288 D.Wright 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .312 Hairston rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .268 I.Davis 1b 2 0 0 0 2 1 .223 Shoppach c 4 0 1 0 0 1 .275 Bay lf 3 0 0 0 1 1 .165 An.Torres cf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .225 Valdespin cf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .238 Ju.Turner ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .288 F.Lewis cf 0 0 0 0 1 0 .000 Niese p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .188 Duda ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .237 Parnell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Mejia p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Baxter ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .283 Totals 33 0 5 0 5 11 Atlanta 000 100 101—3 7 1 New York 000 000 000—0 5 1 E—C.Jones (10), Shoppach (3). LOB— Atlanta 5, New York 11. 2B—Uggla (24). HR—Heyward (25), off Niese; Uggla (18), off Mejia. RBIs—Heyward (70), Uggla (65), D.Ross (19). SF—D.Ross. Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era Maholm W12-9 5 Í/¯ 5 0 0 3 6 104 3.67 Durbin H13 Í/¯ 0 0 0 0 1 6 3.27 Avilan H2 Í/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 3 2.13 Venters H18 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 3.33 O'Flaherty H25 1 0 0 0 1 2 22 2.03 Kimbrel S35-38 1 0 0 0 1 2 15 1.20 New York ip h r er bb so np era Niese L10-9 6 5 1 1 1 2 100 3.47 Parnell 1 1 1 0 0 1 15 2.88 Mejia 2 1 1 1 0 1 23 4.50 T—2:56. A—24,071 (41,922). ASTROS 5, REDS 3 Houston ab r h bi bb so avg. Altuve 2b 2 1 1 0 0 0 .290 Dominguez 3b 3 1 2 3 0 0 .344 Paredes rf-2b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .188 Wallace 1b 4 0 1 0 1 1 .286 Maxwell cf 5 1 1 2 0 1 .227 F.Martinez lf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .205 Bogusevic pr-rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .210 M.Downs 3b-2b 2 0 0 0 0 2 .201 J.Castro ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .263 B.Barnes lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .167 C.Snyder c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .192 Greene ss 4 1 1 0 0 1 .226 Harrell p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .170 J.Schafer ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .214 Storey p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- W.Wright p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Ambriz p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- J.D.Martinez ph 1 1 1 0 0 0 .237 W.Lopez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Totals 37 5 9 5 1 11 Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg. B.Phillips 2b 5 1 2 0 0 1 .295 Heisey cf 5 2 3 0 0 1 .294 Votto 1b 1 0 0 0 3 0 .344 Ludwick lf 3 0 1 2 1 1 .277 Bruce rf 4 0 1 1 0 0 .265 Frazier 3b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .288 D.Navarro c 4 0 1 0 0 2 .290 W.Valdez ss 3 0 0 0 0 0 .192 Cairo ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .178 H.Bailey p 3 0 0 0 0 2 .117 Marshall p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Broxton p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- A.Chapman p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Paul ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .321 Totals 34 3 10 3 4 7 Houston 200 000 003—5 9 0 Cincinnati 200 010 000—3 10 2 E—H.Bailey (3), Frazier (7). LOB—Houston 8, Cincinnati 8. 3B—Heisey (5). HR— Maxwell (14), off H.Bailey; Dominguez (2), off A.Chapman. RBIs—Dominguez 3 (4), Maxwell 2 (41), Ludwick 2 (74), Bruce (94). SB—Altuve (29), Bogusevic (14). DP— Houston 3 Houston ip h r er bb so np era Harrell 6 7 3 3 4 5 105 3.83 Storey 1 1 0 0 0 1 19 3.00 W.Wright Í/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 7 3.53 Ambriz W1-0 Î/¯ 0 0 0 0 1 7 5.14 W.Lopez S3-6 1 2 0 0 0 0 8 2.43 Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era H.Bailey 6 Î/¯ 5 2 2 1 9 117 4.03 Marshall H19 Î/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 8 2.92 Broxton H8 Î/¯ 0 0 0 0 1 13 3.86 ChpmnL5-5BS5 1 4 3 3 0 1 23 1.61 T—3:16. A—23,785 (42,319). MARLINS 9, NATIONALS 7 Miami ab r h bi bb so avg. Petersen lf 4 2 1 0 2 1 .216 Ruggiano cf 5 2 2 0 1 1 .321 Reyes ss 6 2 3 3 0 0 .284 Stanton rf 5 1 2 2 1 2 .285 Ca.Lee 1b 4 0 1 2 0 0 .274 Dobbs 3b 6 1 3 0 0 2 .302 D.Solano 2b 5 0 2 1 0 0 .291 Gaudin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Cishek p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Brantly c 3 1 1 1 2 1 .265 Ja.Turner p 3 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Zambrano p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .176 Webb p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 M.Dunn p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Kearns ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .248 A.Ramos p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Do.Murphy 2b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .204 Totals 43 9 16 9 6 7 Washington ab r h bi bb so avg. Werth rf 5 1 1 0 1 1 .315 Harper cf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .260 Zimmerman 3b 5 1 2 2 0 2 .285 LaRoche 1b 4 1 1 0 1 0 .270 Morse lf 5 1 2 2 0 1 .290 Desmond ss 5 1 3 0 0 0 .292 Espinosa 2b 5 1 1 1 0 3 .258 K.Suzuki c 4 1 1 1 1 0 .265 Strasburg p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .277 C.Brown ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .176 Duke p 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Lombardozzi ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .281 Mattheus p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 Storen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Tracy ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .278 Clippard p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Mic.Gonzalez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 --- Bernadina ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .303 Totals 43 7 13 6 3 9 Miami 212 100 000 3—9 16 1 Washington 200 000 310 1—7 13 0 HR—Brantly (2), off Strasburg; Stanton (31), off Strasburg; Zimmerman (19), off Ja.Turner; Morse (13), off A.Ramos. RBIs— Reyes 3 (52), Stanton 2 (76), Ca.Lee 2 (65), D.Solano (18), Brantly (3), Zimmerman 2 (78), Morse 2 (49), Espinosa (51), K.Suzuki (14). SB—D.Solano 2 (7), Brantly (1). Miami ip h r er bb so np era Ja.Turner 6 4 2 2 1 3 81 5.29 Zambrano 0 3 3 3 0 0 6 4.49 Webb H9 Í/¯ 1 0 0 0 0 3 4.30 M.Dunn H17 Î/¯ 0 0 0 0 1 9 3.96 A.Ramos BS1-1 1 2 1 1 0 1 12 4.50 Gaudin W3-1 1 0 0 0 1 1 17 4.48 Cishek S13-17 1 3 1 1 1 3 24 2.56 Washington ip h r er bb so np era Strasburg 3 6 5 5 3 2 67 3.16 Duke 4 3 1 1 2 3 75 2.25 Mattheus 1 2 0 0 0 2 19 2.57 Storen 1 2 0 0 0 0 12 3.44 Clippard L2-4 Î/¯ 3 3 3 1 0 21 3.19 Mic.Gonzalez Í/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 2 2.51 T—3:44. A—28,533 (41,487). KINGSMILL CHAMPIONSHIP Kingsmill Resort, River Course WILLIAMSBURG, VA. Purse: $1.3 million Yardage: 6,384; Par: 71 Second Round Jiyai Shin. . . . . . . . . . . .62-68—130 -12 Danielle Kang. . . . . . . . .67-64—131 -11 Dewi Claire Schreefel. . . .66-66—132 -10 Paula Creamer . . . . . . . .65-67—132 -10 Lexi Thompson . . . . . . . .67-66—133 -9 Azahara Munoz. . . . . . . .65-68—133 -9 Stacy Lewis . . . . . . . . . .69-65—134 -8 Maria Hjorth . . . . . . . . . .65-69—134 -8 Jodi Ewart . . . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -7 Candie Kung. . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -7 Chella Choi. . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -7 Ai Miyazato. . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -7 Jennifer Johnson. . . . . . .66-69—135 -7 Jennifer Song. . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -7 Mi Jung Hur. . . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -6 Victoria Tanco. . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -6 Sandra Gal. . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -6 BLUE JAYS 7, RED SOX 5 Toronto ab r h bi bb so avg. Lawrie 3b 5 2 1 0 0 1 .281 Rasmus cf 5 2 2 2 0 2 .227 Encarnacion 1b 3 1 1 2 1 1 .283 Y.Escobar ss 4 0 2 1 0 0 .253 Lind dh 4 0 0 0 0 1 .228 Arencibia c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .239 K.Johnson 2b 3 1 0 0 1 1 .225 Sierra rf 2 1 1 2 2 1 .258 Gose pr-rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .198 R.Davis lf 4 0 1 0 0 3 .245 Totals 34 7 8 7 4 11 Boston ab r h bi bb so avg. Podsednik lf 5 0 2 0 0 1 .329 Pedroia 2b 4 1 1 2 0 0 .290 Ellsbury cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .257 C.Ross rf 3 0 1 0 1 0 .279 Loney 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .275 Saltalamacchia c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .225 Lavarnway c 1 0 0 0 0 0 .167 Aviles ss 2 1 0 0 2 0 .253 Ciriaco 3b 3 1 0 0 1 0 .307 Kalish dh 2 1 1 0 0 0 .222 M.Gomez ph-dh 2 1 2 3 0 0 .302 Totals 33 5 7 5 4 3 Toronto 101 210 002—7 8 1 Boston 000 010 112—5 7 1 E—Y.Escobar (11), Ciriaco (5). LOB— Toronto 5, Boston 5. 2B—Lawrie (21), C.Ross (29). 3B—Rasmus (5). HR— Encarnacion (38), off Doubront; Sierra (4), off Doubront; Rasmus (22), off Bard; Pedroia (13), off Delabar; M.Gomez (2), off Lyon. RBIs—Rasmus 2 (71), Encarnacion 2 (97), Y.Escobar (45), Sierra 2 (8), Pedroia 2 (57), M.Gomez 3 (11). SB—Gose 2 (12), Aviles (14), Ciriaco (11). SF—Encarnacion. DP—Toronto 2 Toronto ip h r er bb so np era Alvarez W8-12 6 Í/¯ 4 2 2 2 1 91 4.95 Oliver Î/¯ 1 0 0 0 0 4 1.65 Delabar H8 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 3.70 Lyon 1 1 2 2 1 1 20 2.95 Boston ip h r er bb so np era Doubront L10-8 4 6 5 5 2 4 84 5.21 Mortensen 2 1 0 0 0 4 32 2.12 C.Carpenter 1 0 0 0 1 1 14 0.00 R.Hill 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 2.25 Bard 1 1 2 2 1 2 25 5.59 T—3:08. A—37,156 (37,067). ROYALS 7, WHITE SOX 5 Kansas City ab r h bi bb so avg. L.Cain cf 5 2 2 3 0 2 .256 A.Escobar ss 4 0 2 0 1 0 .292 A.Gordon lf 5 0 2 0 0 1 .298 Butler dh 5 1 1 0 0 0 .309 S.Perez c 3 2 2 2 1 0 .313 Moustakas 3b 3 1 0 0 1 0 .251 Francoeur rf 4 0 1 1 0 2 .233 Hosmer 1b 2 0 0 1 1 1 .242 Giavotella 2b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .230 Totals 35 7 11 7 4 7 Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg. De Aza cf 3 1 2 0 1 1 .281 Jo.Lopez 3b 5 0 0 0 0 1 .246 Wise lf 4 1 2 1 1 2 .289 Konerko 1b 5 0 2 1 0 1 .308 Olmedo pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .286 Rios rf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .297 Pierzynski c 4 1 2 1 0 0 .283 Jor.Danks pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .228 Flowers c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .230 D.Johnson ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .429 Viciedo dh 3 1 1 0 0 0 .255 Al.Ramirez ss 3 1 2 2 0 1 .273 Beckham 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .232 Totals 37 5 12 5 2 10 Kansas City 020 012 002—7 11 0 Chicago 100 112 000—5 12 0 LOB—Kansas City 6, Chicago 10. 2B—A. Gordon (46), Francoeur (20), De Aza (26), Al.Ramirez (22). 3B—Wise (2). HR—S. Perez (9), off Liriano; L.Cain (6), off Liriano; L.Cain (7), off A.Reed; Pierzynski (25), off Mendoza; Wise (7), off Mendoza; Al.Ramirez (9), off Mendoza. RBIs—L. Cain 3 (28), S.Perez 2 (30), Francoeur (36), Hosmer (57), Wise (22), Konerko (65), Pierzynski (72), Al.Ramirez 2 (65). S— Al.Ramirez. SF—Hosmer. DP—Kansas City 1; Chicago 2 Kansas City ip h r er bb so np era Mendoza 5 Í/¯ 10 5 5 1 3 93 4.63 Collins 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 3.20 Crow Î/¯ 1 0 0 0 1 12 3.38 K.Herrera W2-2 1 0 0 0 1 1 11 2.42 G.Holland S12-14 1 1 0 0 0 3 19 2.79 Chicago ip h r er bb so np era Liriano 5 6 5 5 4 4 91 5.25 N.Jones 1 2 0 0 0 0 14 2.86 Veal Í/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 2 1.08 Crain Î/¯ 0 0 0 0 0 5 2.89 Thornton 1 0 0 0 0 2 13 3.49 A.Reed L3-2 1 3 2 2 0 1 13 4.56 T—3:02. A—26,660 (40,615). COLLEGE FOOTBALL FRIDAY'S SCORES EAST Assumption 24, St. Anselm 14 SUNY Maritime 20, Mass. Maritime 14 FAR WEST Utah St. 27, Utah 20, OT Ø N D5 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 T E NNI S U.S. O P E N By PETER LATTMAN Every fall, Columbia Law School admits a few hundred stu- dents to its prestigious master’s program. This year’s crop in- cludes a civil rights activist from Armenia, a terrorism-finance ex- pert from Bangladesh and a Cro- atian lawyer with a win over Rog- er Federer. Had things worked out differ- ently, Mario Ancic, the lawyer, would have spent the past two weeks grinding it out on the hard- courts at the United States Open. Instead, he has been holed up in the Columbia law library, poring over his contracts casebook. “I’m trying to be prepared for every class,” Ancic said. “The professors here use the Socratic method of teaching, so they can call on you at any time.” Not long ago, Ancic, 28, had dif- ferent concerns. He was a semifi- nalist at Wimbledon in 2004. The next year he became a hero in Croatia after helping the nation win the Davis Cup. With his 6-foot-5 frame and booming serve, Ancic achieved a peak ranking of No. 7 after reaching the quarterfinals of Wimbledon and the French Open in 2006. “The future of tennis has ar- rived — and his name is Mario Ancic,” Boris Becker, the German champion, once said. Born in the Mediterranean city Split, Ancic (pronounced An- CHITCH) was the world’s No. 1-ranked junior at 16. He burst onto the pro tour two years later, defeating Federer on Centre Court at Wimbledon in 2002. “This wasn’t the Roger Feder- er that we know today,” said Ancic, reluctantly discussing his famous victory. (Federer went on to win the next five Wimbledons and seven over all.) But almost from the outset of his career, Ancic had to battle more than just his opponents. There were persistent shoulder problems and chronic back pain. A glandular fever sidelined him for the better part of two years. Doctors eventually diagnosed a severe strain of mononucleosis. The endless string of ailments forced Ancic to hang up his rack- et at 26. “I had to retire early, and that’s life,” he said. “You try to deal with it and fight through it, but at some point you need to turn the page and move on to something else.” That something else was law. Raised in a family that empha- sized education, Ancic enrolled at the University of Split while re- covering from his injuries. After earning a doctorate in law and passing the local bar exam, he was hired as a junior lawyer by Savoric & Partners, one of Cro- atia’s top law firms. Ancic decided to pursue a mas- ter’s degree in the United States after spending a few months on a research project at Harvard Law School. He was supervised by Pe- ter A. Carfagna, an adjunct Har- vard professor who once was the top lawyer at IMG, the sports management firm that represent- ed Ancic. He presented a paper on the legal ramifications of dop- ing in professional tennis that Carfagna said was of publishable quality. “This might sound clichéd, but the way Mario approached his training as a professional tennis player is how he’s approaching his legal career,” Carfagna said. “He’s like a sponge, indefatiga- ble, and intensely committed to be the best lawyer he can be.” Ancic, who once resided in Monte Carlo, a European tax ha- ven, now lives with a roommate in a small two-bedroom apart- ment on 127th Street. After com- pleting the one-year Master of Laws program, he said, he might stay in New York and try to find a job at a big corporate firm before returning to Croatia. Sports law excites Ancic; he also has consid- ered politics or becoming a judge. He remains passionate about tennis and wants to stay connect- ed to the sport. At Columbia, that will not be a problem: the uni- versity’s tennis team has already sniffed him out. A few weeks ago, Katarina Kovacevic, a player on the wom- en’s squad, was strolling through campus when she spotted a shirt- less Ancic sitting on a bench. Kovacevic, who is the daughter of Serbian immigrants and grew up in Queens, introduced herself speaking in Serbo-Croatian and explained that she had once been a ball girl for one of his United States Open matches. She en- couraged him to come out to the Columbia courts. Ancic linked up with Haig Schneiderman, the men’s team captain last year, who is trying to make it as a pro, and the two have hit together a few times. Howard Endelman, a former Columbia tennis star who is the associate men’s coach, said his players were salivating over Ancic’s surprise arrival on cam- pus. “Law school can be brutal,” said Endelman, a former lawyer himself. “That said, the prospect of Mario working out with our guys is very exciting.” Ancic found it amusing that the Open was getting under way just as he arrived in New York. Last weekend, between study ses- sions, he went to Flushing Mead- ows to support his countryman Marin Cilic. He also stopped by the stadium to watch his old rival Federer. “There are a bunch of guys like Roger who are older than me and still playing at a championship level,” Ancic said. “But everyone has their own story, and I’m real- ly happy with mine.” Athlete-Turned-Student Leaves Tennis Courts Behind for the Courtrooms CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES Mario Ancic, who reached No. 7 in the world rankings, is pursuing a master’s degree in law. A lawyer who once defeated Federer at Wimbledon. a hot, humid afternoon, the match became a test of wills as much as a test of tennis. When Sharapova’s final shot sailed long, giving Azarenka the final necessary break of serve, she re- acted as much with relief as tri- umph. She did muster a little dance at the net after shaking Sharapova’s hand. Azarenka’s advance looked completely unlikely when Shara- pova dominated the start of the first set, breaking Azarenka in her first two service games. It ap- peared Sharapova would get re- venge for Azarenka’s lopsided victory the last time they met in a major final, at the Australian Open. But Azarenka has mas- tered the art of digging in. “Maria is such a great player; I knew she would come out firing,” Azarenka said. “She was placing all her shots and played great. I was just trying to find my rhythm and just fight with all my heart. “I was just trying to grab the first opportunity.” In the end, Sharapova’s bigger game translated into 44 winners to Azarenka’s 19, but she also had 42 unforced errors to Azarenka’s 19. Sharapova’s serve produced 8 aces but 10 double faults. The er- rors eventually did her in against an opponent unwilling to give away a single point. “I was not trying to focus on the score,” Azarenka said. “I was trying to give whatever it takes. I know my opponent is going to play hard, but I am going to play harder. I guess that works for me to pull it out.” Azarenka has not lost a three- set match this year, which might explain the grueling nature of the third set. She refused to give Sha- rapova an easy win in a service game. Despite falling behind, 40-0, in a few of them, she turned them into long battles. The third set lasted 1:14 on its own. “I think I gave her too many free points,” Sharapova said. “This type of match and these circumstances, if you’re not putting that much pressure on your opponent, it’s a difficult situ- ation to go into, definitely.” Azarenka, 23, is trying to add a second major to her amazing year. Her title in Australia deliv- ered her to the No. 1 ranking for the first time. She also improved her career record against Shara- pova, a former No. 1, to 6-4. Azarenka’s record against Wil- liams is not so stellar. Williams, who has already won Wimbledon and an Olympic gold medal this summer, has won 9 of their 10 meetings, including a dominating 6-1, 6-2 victory in the Olympic semifinals. Williams beat her in the third round of last year’s Open, also in straight sets. “When I go to play against her, I don’t think that I’m playing against Serena; I just try to go the same way and try to focus more on myself,” Azarenka said. “But you definitely know that it’s going to be a big adversity there on the court against you.” Williams, 30, has displayed no vulnerabilities in this tourna- ment. Her closest victory was a 6-2, 6-4 victory over María José Martínez Sánchez of Spain in the second round. She won her quar- terfinal match over Andrea Hla- vackova without losing a game. Errani had little in her game to threaten Williams. She did not serve a single ace in the tourna- ment, and her fastest first serve (93 miles per hour) barely topped Williams’s average second serve. As she contemplated her 19th Grand Slam singles final after brushing aside her latest oppo- nent, Williams said, “I feel like I don’t have anything to lose, and it will be a good challenge for me.” BRYAN BROTHERS WIN TITLE Bob and Mike Bryan won the United States Open men’s doubles title on Friday, 6-3, 6-4, over Radek Stepanek of Czech Republic and Leander Paes of India. The victory gave the Bryan twins their 12th Grand Slam title, the most by any team in the Open era, which began in 1968. The Bryans tied Tony Roche and John Newcombe of Australia, who won 12 titles between 1965 and 1976. In a fast-paced final between two veteran teams, the Bryans won by shutting down their oppo- nents’ power, never yielding a service break. JOHNMARTIN Different Paths for Williams and Azarenka PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES Victoria Azarenka, above, had 19 unforced to Maria Sharapova’s 42, helping her to the victory. From First Sports Page Brothers Bob and Mike Bryan beat Radek Stepanek and Lean- der Paes, foreground, to win the men’s doubles title. With the second week of the United States Open feeling ever more like Serena Williams’s tour- nament, Virginie Razzano stepped off a bus and walked to- ward the entrance to the National Tennis Center in peace, generat- ing no crowd, no autograph re- quests, no buzz. In May, at the French Open, with Williams on edge and too often off target, Razzano was at the epicenter of one of the biggest shock waves in tennis history, handing Williams the only first- round defeat of her career in sin- gles in a Grand Slam tournament. Since then, Razzano, a 29-year- old Frenchwoman, has won just one tour-level match and slipped to No. 130 in the rankings. Wil- liams, meanwhile, has won Wim- bledon, two Olympic gold medals and six matches in intimidating, deeply convincing fashion at the United States Open, where she has yet to drop a set (or play so much as a tiebreaker) and where she will face Victoria Azarenka in the final on Saturday. “I don’t think I’d be able to beat Serena now; in fact I’m cer- tain I wouldn’t be able to beat her now,” Razzano said. That is not just due to Wil- liams’s soaring level of play, but also due to Razzano’s own physi- cal problems. She had to retire in her first-round match here against Zheng Jie of China with a hip injury and stayed until the second week of the Open to enjoy New York and get treatment. But Razzano has no doubt that Williams has used her stunning upset in Paris for fuel. “It was tough for her, I think,” Razzano said. “She wanted it, really wanted it, and I think that I delayed her plans because I think her goal today is to get back to No. 1. And if she would have won Roland Garros, yes, and then won Wimbledon and the Olym- pics, she might already be No. 1. “And at the same time, it prob- ably made her doubt in her head because it’s never easy, even for a big champion like her, to lose in the first round of a Grand Slam. One always asks tough questions after that. It’s like I gave her a big slap.” Williams does not contest that interpretation. After completing her latest demolition work — a 6-1, 6-2 rout of Sara Errani in the semifinals — she was asked whether she would be hitting the high notes so consistently now without that off-key performance in Paris. Williams stopped eating her postmatch sandwich for a mo- ment. “That’s a good question,” she said. “I was playing pretty well before Paris, and I had won so many matches in a row. I was un- defeated on clay, and I’d never been so confident going into a Grand Slam. Well, only a couple times have I been that confident, and each time I won that Grand Slam. But as much as I hate to lose, sometimes it’s good for my game and my motivation, so I think for sure that loss helped me. But I also think it hurt me a lot more than normal. “I was very disappointed for weeks and weeks, even in Wim- bledon. My game in the begin- ning was not good because I was so affected by that loss. But I’m not upset anymore because I think so many good things have come out of that loss.” Among the improvements: a new connection with Patrick Mouratoglou, the French coach who advised her when she trained at his academy in the Paris suburbs after her shocking defeat and who is, for now, a calming and talismanic presence. He helped coach her at Wimble- don and the Olympics and is play- ing the same role at the United States Open, which means that he has yet to see her lose and has often seen her win in a hurry. “I see no difference in her level here from the Olympics,” he said. “Everyone said it was the grass, and I said: ‘No, it’s not the grass. If she plays like that on a hard- court, it will be the same score.’ And from the beginning of the tournament here, it’s been the same scores as at the Olympics.” Williams lost 17 games in six matches at the Olympics. She has lost 19 games in six matches at the Open, with only the final re- maining as she tries to win her fourth Open singles title, and her first since 2008. As in London, her hallmark has been dominance with the serve as well as her point-by-point fo- cus. Against Errani on Friday, al- ready up by 6-1, 3-1, she roared her way through a rally at 30-30, hunching forward and screaming after slamming a backhand win- ner. It is as if she is afraid to take her foot off the gas pedal for fear of never being able to hit this cruising speed again. In between points, however, she has been wearing her game face, the introspective look that traditionally means major trou- ble for the opposition. The chal- lenge now is staying in the bub- ble at the tournament where she has twice blown her cool in re- cent years. “I know if I can just stay re- laxed and stay calm, then I’m able to be great, and Patrick al- ways is telling me that,” she said. “He never in the box moves, nev- er does anything. He’s always really calm, and I think it’s cool. I like it. I really do like it. I like that calmness to my crazy because I’m totally bananas. I think over the past year or so I’ve really been able to calm down.” Not in Paris, however, where Razzano ended up with the upset of her life. “I saw her at Wimbledon, and she gave me a very dark look,” Razzano said with a laugh. “I think she was still bitter and had not processed her defeat. I can put myself in her place and un- derstand why. Then I saw her again here, and you know what? She’s still bitter. “Either she drops the eyes, or she looks at me, and the look ba- sically says, ‘I can’t wait to play you again, and this time I will take my revenge.’ It’s not that she will try to take it. It’s that she will take it. Or at least that’s my interpretation. That’s Serena. But it’s also that, to be a cham- pion.” Grounded Since Victory, While Loser Has Soared CHRISTOPHER CLAREY ON TENNIS D6 ØØ N THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 P RO F O OT BA L L CA L E NDA R Auto Racing 7:30 p.m. Sprint Cup, Federated Auto Parts 400 ABC Baseball 4:00 p.m. Atlanta at Mets FOX 7:00 p.m. Yankees at Baltimore YES 7:00 p.m. Texas at Tampa Bay MLB Boxing 9:00 p.m. Olusegun Ajose vs. Lucas Matthysse, super lightweights SHOW 9:45 p.m. Chad Dawson vs. Andre Ward, super middleweights HBO Football / College Noon Penn State at Virginia ABC Noon Auburn at Mississippi State ESPN Noon Central Florida at Ohio State ESPN2 Noon Maryland at Temple ESPNU Noon Miami at Kansas State FX Noon East Carolina at South Carolina MSG Noon Tulane at Tulsa MSG+ Noon North Carolina State at Connecticut SNY 3:30 p.m. Purdue at Notre Dame NBC 3:30 p.m. U.S.C. vs. Syracuse ABC 3:30 p.m. South Florida at Nevada CBSSN 3:30 p.m. Florida at Texas A&M ESPN 3:30 p.m. Air Force at Michigan ESPN2 3:30 p.m. Michigan State at Central Michigan ESPNU 3:30 p.m. Western Kentucky at Alabama MSG 3:30 p.m. Rice at Kansas MSG+ 3:30 p.m. Delaware State at Delaware NBCSN 3:30 p.m. Howard at Rutgers SNY 4:00 p.m. Wisconsin at Oregon State FX 7:00 p.m. Washington at L.S.U. 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SUNDAY MSG, NBA TV TAMPA BAY GIANTS 1 P.M. SEPT. 16 FOX COLUMBUS RED BULLS 7 P.M. SEPT. 15 MSG By BRETT MICHAEL DYKES “The Saints are going to win it all, baby,” Pat Bode, the proprie- tor of Mugz’s Bar in the New Or- leans suburb of Metairie, her ex- cited eyes wide with unwavering certainty, proclaimed to me on a recent evening. “I got a lot of faith in that.” Aveteran of nine marriages who celebrated her 79th birthday last month with a raucous theme party at her bar, Miss Pat, as Mugz’s regulars like the former Saints defensive lineman Derland Moore have affectionately come to know Bode, shifts effortlessly between serving as her bar’s resi- dent den mother and its own ver- sion of Joan Rivers. She occasion- ally shares unspeakably filthy jokes with patrons as they dine on the food she lovingly prepares for them in her living quarters, which are situated in the back of the bar she opened 40 years ago — partly with money she earned during her years working as a dancer in Bourbon Street gentlemen’s clubs. It was one week to the day after Hurricane Isaac blew through, and parts of the greater New Or- leans area were still without pow- er. The stench of decaying gar- bage — a byproduct of a sanita- tion department overwhelmed in its efforts to collect the tons of spoiled perishables in curbside cans baking under the blistering Louisiana sun — was becoming increasingly familiar. But this particular Tuesday also represented the eve of the N.F.L. football season. And that meant the Saints — specifically how the team was going to over- come the “unjust” adversity that fans feel Commissioner Roger Goodell has inflicted on it and win the Super Bowl in New Orleans in February — dominated conversa- tion at Mugz’s, which is pro- nounced Mugsy’s. This should hardly strike any- one familiar with this city and the people who inhabit it as unusual. Perhaps more than anything, the traits that have traditionally defined Saints fans — and I should know since I’ve been one all my life — are optimism and fa- talism. A sort of optimistic fatal- ism, if you will. It’s a belief that despite the ef- forts of diabolical forces like refer- ees, league officials, the national news media and others conspir- ing against them — the current it- eration of this brand of conspira- torial thinking posits that the N.F.L. is determined to not have a team whose city is hosting the Su- per Bowl play in that Super Bowl, for fear of lost revenue or some- thing — the Saints will somehow manage to rise above it all and win the Super Bowl. (And this was before Friday’s ruling revers- ing the N.F.L.’s suspensions of four players for their purported roles in the bounty scandal.) This has happened exactly once in the team’s mostly forget- table history, mind you, but that has never stopped its fans from genuinely believing that each year will be the year. Even in the bleakest of times, an almost ir- rational “wait ’til next year” opti- mism has been consistently per- vasive. Consult the longtime Saints fan anthem, “I Believe,” for reference. The tumultuous events of the recent off-season — the bounty scandal, accusations of wiretap- ping — and the news media atten- tion that followed seem to have only fueled Saints fans’ trade- mark optimistic fatalism to new heights while transforming the exiled coach Sean Payton into some kind of football martyr. On Wednesday night, a group calling itself Free Payton Air,us- ing money collected online, com- missioned a plane to fly a “Free Sean Payton” banner above Met- Life Stadium before the N.F.L. season opener between the Gi- ants and the Dallas Cowboys. Similar aerial acts of solidarity are planned for the remainder of the season, for which Payton has been suspended because of the bounty scandal. This Sunday, when the Saints take on the Washington Redskins in the Superdome, thousands of fans will shun wearing traditional fan garb like player jerseys in fa- vor of T-shirts that bear the same message as the banner that flew over the stadium in New Jersey this week. And many of those “Free Sean Payton” T-shirts will probably come from Fleurty Girl, a local apparel and accessories store that, in the words of its owner, the 31-year-old Lauren Thom, “cele- brates New Orleans.” In addition to selling the T-shirts — one bear- ing the phrase “Coachless But Not Hopeless” is another popular seller — Thom has had 10,000 Payton masks printed to give away to customers. “There’s go- ing to be a lot of coach on a stick in that dome on Sunday,” she said, referring to the masks. If any Saints fan can relate to Payton in terms of how daunting the N.F.L.’s wrath can be, it is Thom. In 2009, when she had just started her business, the league tried to claim ownership of the phrase “Who Dat” and bar her from selling anything with the longtime Saints fan rallying cry emblazoned on it. “It was the scariest thing in the world,” she said. But the public outcry was so voracious that the N.F.L. eventu- ally backed off. As it turns out, the controversy helped establish Fleurty Girl. There are now four locations around New Orleans. And the Saints went on to win the Super Bowl that year. It is this kind of duality that has fans like Miss Pat and Thom confident that this al- ready tumultuous Saints season will end in the ultimate success. “The stars have aligned; we will win the Super Bowl,and it will be even sweeter than before,” the diminutive, relentlessly up- beat Thom told me in the back of her store this week. “It will be quintessential New Orleans over- cometh. No matter what you do, no matter what happens to us, we’re going to rise back.” Back at Mugz’s, Miss Pat is planning to cook a big pot of spa- ghetti and meatballs — not meat sauce, she made a point of saying —on Sunday to serve to patrons who drop by her bar to watch the Saints game. Everyone is wel- come, she told me. Well, everyone not named Rog- er Goodell, that is. THE FIFTH DOWN We Saints Fans Embrace the Horror WILLIAM WIDMER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES All of the misfortune that has befallen New Orleans and the Saints has given fans like Pat Bode a sense of optimism. tor Stephen Burbank that said Goodell had the complete author- ity to impose the suspensions. The narrow issue before the panel was whether this was an issue of conduct detrimental to the league, which would fall under Goodell’s jurisdiction, or, as the players’ union contended, wheth- er the offering of money to play- ers constituted an improper pay- ment, which would be a salary- cap violation, the penalties for which would be decided by an ar- bitrator. The appeals panel concluded that the bounty system the league said was in place was a bit of both and said the commissioner had only the power to discipline play- ers for the part of it that involved an intent to injure opponents. The panel, saying that the seriousness of the matter merited caution be- cause it was not clear what Goo- dell had in mind when he issued the discipline, instructed Goodell to adjust his discipline according- ly if any part of it was because he intended to punish the players for salary-cap violations. “The panel recognizes this pro- cedure is perhaps cumbersome but believes that it is dictated by the architecture of the C.B.A., which creates a variety of exclu- sive jurisdictions,” the ruling said. The decision does not affect Coach Sean Payton, who is sus- pended for the season; the inter- im head coach Joe Vitt, who is suspended for six games; or Gen- eral Manager Mickey Loomis, who is suspended for eight games. The decision was a small set- back for Goodell by a process put in place by the league’s own col- lective bargaining agreement with the players, but it opens the door for the league and the play- ers to reach a settlement that would end a contentious matter that consumed much of the off- season. The players have main- tained there was never an intent to injure opponents. They said that money was offered only as a reward for big hits or good games, but not for targeting oppo- nents for injury. “Thank you to everyone in- volved in the process of this solu- tion,” Smith wrote on Twitter. “And everyone who supported us through this whole ordeal.” The ordeal is probably not close to over. It is not clear what kind of discipline the players would be willing to accept if a settlement were offered by the league, and the players’ union — which is- sued a statement saying it was pleased with the decision — could battle with the league over the process Goodell uses to make his new decision. Vilma’s lawyer, Pe- ter Ginsberg, said Vilma would be willing to meet with Goodell as part of the process. “We have always taken the po- sition that there is just and fair resolution to this,” said Ginsberg, who described Vilma as stunned by the ruling. “Hopefully, this rul- ing will give Commissioner Goo- dell a chance to think through what he has done and what in fact occurred with regard to the play- ers and what an appropriate out- come should be. I think when the commissioner listens to the evi- dence and shares information, the commissioner himself might come to the determination that a suspension would be inappropri- ate. There was no bounty, there was no intent to injure and we’re hopeful that the process will be helpful in getting the commission- er to reach that decision.” In a memo sent to teams after the ruling, which was obtained by The New York Times, the league emphasized that the ruling did not undercut the league’s ability to discipline players or cast doubt on the league’s findings. “Nothing in today’s decision contradicts any of the facts found in the investigation into this mat- ter, or absolves any player of re- sponsibility for conduct detrimen- tal,” wrote Jeffrey Pash, the league’s executive vice president and general counsel. “Nor does the decision in any way suggest what discipline would be appro- priate for conduct that lies within the authority of the commission- er.” Still looming over everything is the federal court. A district court judge in New Orleans, Helen Ber- rigan, said that in light of the ap- peals court ruling, she would hold off on a decision on the players’ requests for relief from the sus- pensions. Berrigan heard argu- ments in Vilma’s defamation suit against Goodell, and she indicat- ed then that she thought the sus- pensions were unfair. If the play- ers remain unhappy with the dis- cipline after Goodell reconsiders, they could return to Berrigan. Suspensions Vacated for Players in Bounty Case JUSTIN LANE/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY Anthony Hargrove (69), who had been suspended eight games, is a free agent. Punishments for Saints officials remain in place. From First Sports Page By The Associated Press Ben Zobrist’s home run in the bottom of the 11th inning lifted the Tampa Bay Rays to a 3-1 vic- tory over the Texas Rangers on Friday night. Zobrist’s 16th homer came off Mark Lowe (0-1) after a leadoff walk to B.J. Upton. Wade Davis (3-0) got the win after striking out five of the six hitters he faced in the 10th and 11th innings. The Rays’ fifth win in six games featured a total of 29 strikeouts for both teams. Texas starter Derek Holland struck out a career-high 11 while giving up only two hits and two walks in eight innings. Holland threw a season-high 116 pitches, retiring five Rays in a span of seven pitches at one point. Evan Longoria’s fourth-inning homer, his 11th, was the first hit off Holland, who was trying to win a fourth straight start for the first time in his career. It was the Rangers’ fourth loss in 11 extra-inning games this sea- son. It was the second straight ex- tra-inning game for the Rangers, who arrived at their hotel at 4:40 a.m.Friday after a 5-4, 10-inning win at Kansas City on Thursday night. Rays starter Jeremy Hellick- son pitched six innings, giving up four hits,including a home run to Michael Young in the fifth. It was Young’s seventh home run and his third in the last five days. David Murphy walked after Young’s homer, and then Hellick- son and four relievers retired the next 17 Rangers in order. INDIANS 7, TWINS 6 Russ Canzler hit his first major league homer, and reliever David Huff won his first game this season as Cleve- land won in Minnesota. Minnesota built an early 4-0 lead on Indians starter Jeanmar Gomez before Canzler and Huff (1-0) — who both spent most of the year in Class AAA Columbus before being called up this month — lifted Cleveland to its fourth win in six games. BLUE JAYS 7, RED SOX 5 Edwin Encarnacion hit one of Toronto’s three homers and Henderson Al- varez broke his six-game losing streak for visiting Toronto. ROYALS 7, WHITE SOX 5 Lorenzo Cain hit two home runs, including a tiebreaking two-run shot in the ninth for Kansas City on the road. Salvador Perez also hit a two- run homer for the Royals, who won their sixth straight against the White Sox. CUBS 12, PIRATES 2 Travis Wood gave up just one hit in six in- nings,and Chicago stopped a six- game losing streak as host Pitts- burgh made seven errors in its worst defensive night in more than a quarter-century. The Pirates had not made sev- en errors in a game since 1985 and finished one shy of the club record,set in 1939. MARLINS 9, NATIONALS 7 Stephen Strasburg matched his career low by lasting only three innings in what was probably his final home start of the season for Washington. He allowed five runs. PHILLIES 3, ROCKIES 2 Nate Schierholtz hit a run-scoring sin- gle in the bottom of the ninth to lift Philadelphia. Pinch-hitter Laynce Nix hit a tying, two-run double in the sev- enth, and the Phillies won for the 10th time in 14 games. The five-time defending Na- tional League East champion Phillies are within four games of .500 for the first time since they were 36-40 on June 26. Jonathan Papelbon (4-6) tossed a scoreless ninth to earn the win. ASTROS 5, REDS 3 Matt Domin- guez hit a three-run homer in the ninth inning that broke Aroldis Chapman’s streak of 27 consec- utive saves and powered Hous- ton on the road. ROUNDUP Pitchers’ Duel Ends Abruptly With Tampa Bay Home Run CHRIS O’MEARA/ASSOCIATED PRESS The Rays won after Ben Zobrist, right, homered in the 11th. BAS E BA L L ØØ N D7 THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012 BAS E BA L L at-bats. But his Atlanta Braves shut down the Mets, 3-0, on what was an otherwise uneventful night at Citi Field. But Jones remained the story of the weekend. He became a reg- ular with the Braves in the mid-1990s, and he said Friday he initially feared New York’s streets, its assertive reporters and the fans who seemed to get angrier with every home run he hit.(He went into Friday’s game with a .314 batting average, 49 home runs and 158 runs batted in against the Mets, both in Queens and Atlanta.) And while he shrugged off the initial taunts he heard from Mets fans with his aw-shucks grin, he never tried to return the anger, the way other players did, like his ex-teammate John Rocker. “I’m one of those guys who likes to be liked,” Jones said. “I care what people think of me. I care what people’s image of me is.” But he also said he could un- derstand why Mets fans got on him in the first place, when the Braves-Mets rivalry was at its most intense in a period running from 1998 to 2001. “When I was a Dodgers fan, I hated whoever was the Dodgers’ rival,” Jones said. “The people up here, they bleed orange and blue. They’re going to do whatever they can to take the other team’s best player out of the game. It could be questioning the ancestry of your mother. I’ve heard it all, trust me, especially when I played left field out near the cheap seats.” Now Jones is one of baseball’s elder statesmen and able to ap- preciate his ride through baseball that will almost certainly end with a first-ballot induction in Cooperstown. He says he is in awe of the attention he has re- By KEN BELSON Chipper Jones said he was asked the other day how he would feel about him- self if he were a Mets fan. “I would respect the body of work,” Jones said, “but I would hate his guts.” Actually, Mets fans do not hate Jones, at least not anymore. Jones, who made a career out of pounding Mets pitching,is retir- ing at season’s end and this weekend is making his farewell visit to Queens. He is 40, he is headed to the Hall of Fame, and really, what’s not to admire? So the Mets honored him with a commemorative painting be- fore Friday’s game,and Jones sat and talked with reporters late in the afternoon, reflecting on New York City, the Mets and, of course, their fans. Once he took the field, he had a quiet night, going hitless in four ceived this year, but he under- stands he has earned it. He has also come to like New York and New Yorkers, more or less. “For the most part, everyone’s been very gracious, been very nice,” Jones said with a trace of a smirk. “I can’t tell you how many times I’ve heard, ‘Yo Chippa, you’re beatin’ up on my Mets,’” he said with an imitation straight out of Bensonhurst. “‘How you doin’, Chippa?’” The Braves are in the thick of yet another playoff hunt,while the Mets are once again going no- where in particular, which has taken some of the buzz off Jones’s farewell to Queens. But Giovanni Cubias, who grew up in nearby Corona, showed up Fri- day to pay his respects. “I know it’s his last season, so I came to say goodbye,” Cubias, 25, said. “Unfortunately, he beat the Mets. I’m definitely happy he’s retiring, but no hard feelings.” Many fans in the modest crowd gave Jones a brief standing ova- tion before the game when he stuck his head out of the visitor’s dugout and waved his cap. He re- ceived a round of applause when his name was announced in the starting lineup and another set of cheers when he came to bat in the first inning. This being New York, there was also a smattering of boos. In many ways, Jones has been the un-villain in New York. He played the game well, limited his celebrations to the dugout and even named his son Shea in part because of the success he had there. At points during his career, he wondered what it would be like to play in New York. But the thoughts were fleeting. “I’m a Southern kid;I was born into the Braves organiza- tion,” Jones said. “I got to play ar- guably for the best manager of all time in Bobby Cox.” Ultimately, he said, “it didn’t seem like the grass was all that greener” anywhere else. Mets Honor a Longtime Rival, Who Returns the Love A Sure Hall of Famer . . . Chipper Jones of the Braves has announced he will retire after this season. He was one of the game’s premier switch-hitters during his 19 seasons with Atlanta. Statistics through Thursday’s games. RANKING AMONG SWITCH-HITTERS . . . And a Thorn in the Mets’ Side Jones had many memorable moments against the Mets, dashing their fans’ hopes at seemingly every turn. This was typified during a mid-September, three-game series in 1999 when Jones may have locked up the National League Most Valuable Player Award. Atlanta led the division race by just a game over the Mets when the series began, but Jones hit four home runs in a three-game sweep. The Braves and the Mets went on to meet in the 1999 postseason, and it was the Braves who went to the World Series, where they lost to the Yankees. HOME RUNS MOST HRS VS. METS Mickey Mantle 536 Eddie Murray 504 Chipper Jones 468 Lance Berkman 360 Chili Davis 350 RUNS BATTED IN Eddie Murray 1,917 Chipper Jones 1,619 Mickey Mantle 1,509 Ted Simmons 1,389 Chili Davis 1,372 HITS Pete Rose 4,256 Eddie Murray 3,255 Frankie Frisch 2,880 Omar Vizquel 2,870 Roberto Alomar 2,724 Chipper Jones 2,714 Willie Stargell 60 Mike Schmidt 49 Chipper Jones 49 Willie McCovey 48 Hank Aaron 45 Source: Baseball-reference.com KATHY KMONICEK/ASSOCIATED PRESS Chipper Jones received a brief standing ovation at the start of his farewell visit to Queens. BRAVES 3 METS 0 S AN F RANCISCO Hunter Pence has not played before an unsold seat at home all season. He started with the Phila- delphia Phillies, who sold out all their games through the end of July, when they trad- ed him here, to the San Francisco Giants. The Phillies’ sellout streak has ended, but the Giants’ endures. “I’ve been pretty fortunate,” Pence said Friday. “Both great baseball cities, and they love the game. The fans are a big boost; they help pick you up every day.” In July, Giants fans flooded the Internet to push three of their fa- vorites into the starting lineup for the All-Star Game. One, Buster Posey, has followed with a stand- out second half and is a strong candidate for the National League’s Most Valuable Player Award. Another, Pablo Sandoval, has been the Giants’ best clutch hitter lately. The third, Melky Cabrera, was suspended on Aug. 15 after test- ing positive for testosterone. His season was over in a flash — his average, frozen at .346, still led the National League before Fri- day’s games — but the Giants have thrived without him. “Once we got over the shock of it, there was nothing to do but for Bochy to address the team and say, ‘We’re moving forward, and we’re counting on all of you to move forward in the right way,’” said Larry Baer, the Giants’ chief executive, referring to Manager Bruce Bochy. “I have to say I’m so proud of the organization and the resilien- cy we’ve shown in a really dark moment.” When they learned of Cabrera’s suspension, on the morning of Aug. 15, the Giants were tied with the Los Angeles Dodgers atop the National League West. They lost that day to fall to second, but re- covered quickly. Before Friday’s series opener against the Dodgers at AT&T Park, with Tim Lincecum facing Josh Beckett, the Giants were 13-7 since Cabrera’s suspension, swelling their division lead to four and a half games. Just as the bull- pen came together after closer Brian Wilson’s season-ending el- bow injury in April, the lineup has jelled without Cabrera. “We’ve had to, with how the year’s gone, with Wilson getting hurt early in the season and obvi- ously losing Melky in the second half,” shortstop Brandon Craw- ford said. “Our team’s deep. That’s why we’re still winning without those guys. It’s probably a testament to our character. We’ve done a great job coming back in games and doing so well without a few key players.” In some ways, the Giants are following the same script that won them the World Series in 2010. While their starters have struggled lately, a rotation led by Matt Cain, Madison Bumgarner and Lincecum, whose second-half earned run average was 3.26 be- fore Friday,could be intimidating in October. And the offense is get- ting timely contributions from ev- eryone. “When you lose a guy like Mel- ky, who was having an incredible year, it’s going to take every- body,” Bochy said. “Everybody’s doing something to pick it up, in- cluding the bench, trying to get them all involved. They’ve done a great job of putting that behind them. Not one guy ever men- tioned it. “It happened,” Bochy added, clapping his hands. “Now let’s go.” Center fielder Angel Pagan led the league in runs scored in Au- gust, with 10 more than the next closest player. Second baseman Marco Scutaro has hit .329 since arriving from Colorado in a trade. Sandoval is 10 for his last 20 with runners in scoring position, and Brandon Belt was hitting .372 in his last 31 games before Friday, when he started in left field for the first time this season. Left field was Cabrera’s prima- ry position, and so far the Giants have successfully mixed and matched to replace him. “We’re just playing as a team,” said Pence, who has hit better af- ter starting slowly with the Gi- ants. “That’s been the really cool thing coming over here. There’s a lot of people that contribute in a lot of ways, and Bochy’s incredi- ble with how he handles every as- pect, how he leads us. It feeds into the players.” The best player of all has been Posey, the regular catcher who started at first base on Friday for the 14th time this season. He came into the game hitting .382 with a 1.088 on base plus slugging percentage since the All-Star break, a push that could make him the M.V.P. Pittsburgh’s Andrew McCutch- en can make a strong case, and so can Milwaukee’s Ryan Braun, if voters look past the Brewers’ sub- .500 record. But only Posey has carried his team into first place, a year after suffering a devastating ankle injury in a collision at home plate. “He deserves it,” Crawford said. “He’s been pretty much un- stoppable the second half.” The Giants have not quite been unstoppable since Cabrera’s sus- pension, but they have won at a better rate than they did before while increasing their lead on their main rivals. Bochy talked, and the players responded. “We’re very talented here,” Bochy said. “It’s not one guy. It’s not what happened, that we lost him; it’s how we deal with it. We have that choice. We’re going to focus forward, focus on winning and move on. In this game, you have no choice.” Giants Come Together Without Cabrera Columns in this series this week will spotlight the four California teams fighting for playoff berths. TYLER KEPNER ON BASEBALL THE WILD WEST On Baseball’s Rocky Coast both gave up home runs in the decisive eighth inning of that game, but on Friday they were perfect in the seventh and eighth. With one out in the eighth, Robertson replaced Logan and had the chance to again face Adam Jones, who hit a solo home run off him Thursday night. Rob- ertson struck him out and then got Matt Wieters to fly out to cen- ter. “Yesterday was really tough for me,” Robertson said. “I let the whole team down. But tonight I got to face the same hitters and was able to get them out.” Robertson wore his pant legs down to his shoes on Friday — as he did in Wednesday’s victory — one day after he had them back up to his knees on Thursday, as he usually wears them. He said he was not superstitious, but some of his teammates are, nota- bly Logan, who insisted Robert- son lower the pants again Friday. Rafael Soriano pitched the ninth inning and gave up a two- out solo home run to Manny Ma- chado before he struck out Rob- ert Andino to end the game. The bullpen’s work secured a victory for Phil Hughes, whose record improved to 14-12. Hughes allowed three runs on a home run by Jones in the sixth after the Yankees had taken a 7-0 lead. The Yankees scored five runs in the fourth. The inning began when Wei-Yin Chen, the Orioles’ starter, hit Nick Swisher with a pitch and Robinson Cano walked. After Rodriguez struck out, Mar- tin crushed a pitch into the left- field stands. Chen struck out Cur- tis Granderson, but Andruw Jones singled and Pearce rocked another home run over the left- field wall as the Yankees seized a 5-0 lead. In the fifth,Derek Jeter led off with a single, and it appeared he might be stranded there as Swisher and Cano made outs. But Rodriguez sent a two-run shot to center field for his first home run since returning from the disabled list Sept. 3. His last home run came July 23 in Seattle, the day before his left hand was broken by a pitch. On Saturday the Yankees ex- pect to get first baseman Mark Teixeira back after he missed 10 games with a strained left calf. The pitcher will be their ace, C.C. Sabathia, who will try to get the Yankees back-to-back wins for the first time since the middle of August. Sabathia will take a 16-3 career record and a 2.97 earned run average against the Orioles into the game. At Camden Yards, he is 10-2 with a 3.13 E.R.A. Until this season, he held the longest winning streak of any op- posing pitcher here with seven straight wins, according to the Elias Sports Bureau. But he is 0-1 in two starts at Camden Yards this year, allowing eight earned runs in 16 innings. “They’re riding high and very confident,” Sabathia said of the Orioles before the game. “They’re making plays in the field and getting big hits. It’s a great atmosphere to play in, it’s loud, it was sold out last night. Hopefully, we can put an end to that.” About four hours later, they did just that, with three home runs that recalled the glory days of their 10-game lead. PHOTOGRAPHS BY ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES Adam Jones tossing his bat after striking out in the third, ending the inning and stranding a runner at first. Yankees, Behind Three Homers, Upend Orioles From First Sports Page Robinson Cano (24) with Russell Martin after Martin’s home run in the fourth. Steve Pearce also homered in the inning. Alex Rodriguez hit his first home run since coming off the disabled list. nytimes.com/sports ONLINE:BACK IN BUSINESS SoHo 1BR BEAUTIFULLOCATION West Bway & Prince.Sep EIK,LR,Din foyer.Well maintained.Elev.$2700. 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He accused Arab leaders of being “stooges” of Western powers and indifferent to the well-being of their citizens. “There are no legitimate regimes in the Arab Middle East,” he de- clared. He described King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, who died in 2005, as “a lazy, corrupt, ignorant drunk” addicted to video games. He called the kingdom “a rotting car- cass.” Reviewing his book “A Brutal Friendship: The West and the Arab Elite,” published in 1997, the Middle East correspondent Kathy Evans wrote in the British newspaper The Observer that Mr. Aburish had proved to be more “traumatizing” to some Arab states than Salman Rush- die, the author who had depicted the Prophet Muhammad irrever- ently and gone into hiding to es- cape an Islamic death decree. “For several decades now,” Ms. Evans wrote, Mr. Aburish “has been making Arab governments wince with pain and embarrass- ment.” She continued: “Why? Because among Arab authors, he is almost alone in speaking the truth.” Other reviewers accused him of hyperbole. The Middle East historian Daniel Pipes wrote in Commentary that “A Brutal Friendship” could be read as “the slightly deranged musings of one out-of-touch intellectual.” But he allowed that “outlandish as it may be, the book represents a main line of Arab thinking.” The scholar William B. Quandt, writing in Foreign Affairs, said Mr. Aburish’s 1995 book, “The Rise, Corruption, and Coming Fall of the House of Saud” was “long on speculation.” Mr. Aburish reported facts and interpretations that were essen- tially truisms in the Arab world but often novel to Western read- ers. He detailed the billions of dollars that the Saudis squan- dered on arms. He reported how the insurgency against the Amer- ican-backed Iraqi government af- ter the overthrow of Saddam Hussein was fueled by ancient re- ligious and tribal divisions. He wrote that Arab populations did not object to Iraq’s acquisition of weapons of mass destruction be- cause Israel had nuclear arms. “My books constitute footnotes to the history of the modern Mid- dle East, essentially a revisionist history,” he said in an interview with the reference work Contem- porary Authors. “My purpose is to correct certain impressions be- fore it becomes too late.” Mr. Aburish’s “Children of Bethany: The Story of a Palestin- ian Family” (1988) told of three generations of his family, begin- ning with a grandfather, who bought land that was said to have been the site of Lazarus’s tomb and became rich off it by charg- ing admission. The grandfather became leader of the village and its first citizen to move from a cave to a modern house. Mr. Aburish’s father, Abu Said, a journalist, worked in Beirut for Time magazine and other news organizations. As a young man, Abu Said joined the Arab un- derground to fight British rule and once botched an assignment to kill a British official. Years lat- er he referred to himself as “the most inept assassin in history.” The Bethany book views his- torical events through the per- spective of the Aburish family as it scattered in search of freedom and fortune, its members settling in 22 countries. In her review in The New York Times Book Re- view, the Arab author Inea Bush- naq wrote of Mr. Aburish, “Some of the truths he reveals make un- happy reading, but ultimately it is his book’s brusque frankness that gives it value.” Said Khalil Aburish was born in Bethany on May 1, 1935. He graduated from Princeton and earned an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School. He worked as a reporter for Radio Free Europe, then served in the United States Army. After becoming an Ameri- can citizen in 1958, he wrote for the London newspaper The Daily Mail. In the 1970s, he and a colleague became business consultants in the Middle East. He also helped negotiate arms deals among Western and Arab nations, par- ticularly Iraq. In one unsuccess- ful venture, in 1975, he tried to ar- range for Iraq to buy a Canadian nuclear reactor. By the 1980s, he wrote, he had become disillu- sioned with Hussein’s pursuit of weapons of mass destruction and stopped working with him. Returning to writing in 1983, Mr. Aburish sold articles to news- papers and magazines, appeared on British television and began writing books. His 1985 book, “Pay-Off: Wheeling and Dealing in the Arab World,” drew heavily on his business experience in the region. Mr. Aburish also wrote biogra- phies of the Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat (1998), Hussein (2000) and the Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (2004). He called Nasser the Arab world’s “most charismatic leader since the Prophet Muhammad,” and la- mented his failure to unite Arabs as one nation. Mr. Aburish’s three marriages ended in divorce. He is survived by his daughter, Charla, as well as a granddaughter, four broth- ers and two sisters. After living in London and Nice, France, he re- tired to Bethany in 2009. Said K. Aburish, Palestinian Journalist, Is Dead at 77 Said K. Aburish described his books as revisionist histories. An ex-arms dealer with an M.B.A. who skewered Arab rulers. PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) — Smarck Michel, a business- man who served for almost a year as Haiti’s prime minister af- ter the United States restored President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power in the mid-1990s, died at his home here on Sept. 1. He was 75. The cause was a brain tumor, his son, Kenneth, said. Mr. Michel became prime min- ister in 1994 when a multinational military force led by the United States restored Mr. Aristide to the presidency after three years in exile. Mr. Aristide’s first term was cut short in 1991 when the army ousted him in a coup. The choice of Mr. Michel was seen as an effort to placate busi- ness leaders and members of Haiti’s middle and upper classes who felt threatened by the return of Mr. Aristide, a populist, left- leaning former Roman Catholic priest. Mr. Michel resigned al- most a year later over opposition to his economic proposals, which included a privatization plan that was unpopular with Haiti’s poor majority. During Mr. Aristide’s first term, Mr. Michel served briefly as commerce and industry min- ister. He was dismissed from that post amid criticism of the govern- ment for not lowering the prices of food and other basic goods. Mr. Michel had instituted price con- trols, but they were widely ig- nored. Smarck Michel was born on March 29, 1937, in St. Marc, a port city north of Port-au-Prince, and moved around Haiti as a child be- cause his father was serving in the Haitian armed forces. He attended college in New York, then returned to Haiti to help run the bakery his father had started. He later ran a gro- cery store in downtown Port-au- Prince. After his brief stint in politics, he returned full time to the gro- cery store until he closed it in 2010 and retired, his son said. In addition to his son, Mr. Mi- chel’s survivors include his wife, Victoire Marie-Rose Sterlin, and two daughters, Patricia and Mar- jorie Michel. Smarck Michel, 75, Haitian Ex-Prime Minister RICARDO FIGUEROA/ASSOCIATED PRESS Smarck Michel in 1985. five children of Fred and Beatrice Herx. His father was a telephone lineman. After earning his bache- lor’s and master’s degrees in his- tory from Loyola University Chi- cago and serving in the Army, Mr. Herx became a public-school teacher in Chicago. Mr. Herx became fascinated by films in childhood, and in 1962, with a friend who was also a cine- phile, the Rev.Ronald Holloway, he founded the Chicago Center for Film Study as part of the Archdio- cese of Chicago’s adult education program. Their mission was to bring a more positive approach to reviewing movies, a shift from the Legion of Decency’s policy of list- ing offensive films. Two years lat- er, the executive secretary of the By DENNIS HEVESI Henry Herx, who over three decades wrote thousands of mov- ie reviews for Roman Catholic publications,assessing the moral complexities raised on screen through the prism of church ten- ets, died on Aug. 15 at his home in Ramsey, N.J. He was 79. The cause was complications of liver cancer, said his son,Jo- seph. Mr. Herx was chief critic for what was originally called the National Legion of Decency,later became the National Catholic Of- fice for Motion Pictures and is now the Media Review Office of the Catholic News Service. His reviews,written from 1964 to 1999, were distributed to hun- dreds of publications around the country. Of “Schindler’s List,” Steven Spielberg’s harrowing 1993 film about Oskar Schindler, the Ger- man industrialist who set out to profit from the misfortunes of persecuted Polish Jews during World War II but became the res- cuer of more than 1,000, he wrote: “The viewer is left to consider the man’s latent Christianity as a possible reason for his transfor- mation, or perhaps simply his common sense that killing people was bad for business or, even more likely given his character, the fear of Allied retribution for enriching himself on slave labor.” Reviewing a 1991 British com- edy, “The Pope Must Die” (the last word in the title was later changed to “Diet” when some newspapers and television net- works refused to run advertise- ments for the film), Mr. Herx wrote, “The title alone is all one needs to know of the bad comic taste of those who concocted this flaccid little farce about a bum- bling country priest who is mis- takenly elected pope due to a clerical error.” Mr. Herx gave the movie a rating of A-4 — adults, with reservations. “His one-sentence paragraphs pulled few punches in informing readers not only of the moral quality of a film, but whether it was worth seeing by any audi- ence,” said Mark Pattison, the media editor for the Catholic News Service. “People looked to his reviews as a guide — perhaps the guide — as to what to let their kids see.” Since its founding in 1933 as the Legion of Decency, urging “the Legion, Msgr. Thomas Little, re- cruited the film center to take over the role of critiquing movies. The office’s chief critic is now John Mulderig. “Henry embodied the church’s efforts to engage with contempo- rary culture in an open yet dis- cerning way,” Mr. Mulderig said. “In the case of challenging ma- terial, striking the right balance between appreciation and rejec- tion of what was alien to Judeo- Christian values could be diffi- cult. But he did it very successful- ly over a long period.’’ Mr. Herx’s wife of 49 years, the former Marilyn Jack, died in 2005. Besides his son, he is sur- vived by two daughters, Kather- ine Herx and Margaret DeLib- ero; two brothers, John and Fred; two sisters, Mary Miller and Helen Herdrich; and four grandchildren. By the time he retired in 1999, Mr. Herx had viewed more than 10,000 films,many at home with his children. “He had a portable projector and a screen that he set up in our living room,” Joseph Herx said, “and on Friday and Saturday nights we used to watch everything from classic si- lent films to the more recent ones.” Not surprisingly, his passion started with Saturday matinees — cartoons, newsreels and dou- ble features —in the 1930s. “If he was lucky,” his son said,“he got the extra five cents for popcorn.” Henry Herx, 79, Film Critic for Catholics CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE Henry Herx, who wrote reviews for Catholic publications. Judging the morality of movies as well as their aesthetics. purification of the cinema” and issuing lists of movies that Catho- lics should not see, the office has evolved. “We take a much more positive and constructive ap- proach today, stressing what is good in popular culture,” Mr. Herx told The New York Times in 1989. Henry William Herx was born in Chicago on June 29, 1933, one of STEWART—Joyce.The mem- bers,Board of Governors and staff of Pine Hollow Country Club mourn the passing of our longtime member and good friend.We extend ou r sympathies to her husband Philip and the entire family. The Board of Governors Pine Hollow Country Club THAW—Elizabeth Copley. Venetian Heritage mourns the loss of its founding membe r Mrs.Lawrence Copley Thaw who also was a board mem- ber of the International Res- cue Committee.Her loyalty to us and love of Venice were exemplary.Mrs Thaw was an important figure in interna- tional society and a perennial member of the best dressed lists.Mrs Thaw was known for her brilliant dinners fo r world renowned figures of the charitable,cultural and politi- cal spheres.She will be great- ly missed. Lawrence Lovett, Founding Chairman Gary Parr,Chairman Mrs.Donald K.Miller, Vice Chairman Pierre Durand,President THAW—Elizabeth Copley (Lee),passed away peaceful- ly on September 5,2012 at her home in New York City.She was the widow of the late Lawrence Copley Thaw,Sr., of New York.Lee was a great supporter of numerous New York City and interna- tional cultural organizations. She will be dearly missed by all those who knew and loved her.A memorial service will be held at a date to be an- nounced.In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Lee Thaw Fund),1000 Fifth Avenue,New York,NY 10028,Venetian Heritage,475 Park Avenue,New York,NY 10022,and the International Rescue Committee,122 East 42nd Street,New York,NY 10168. Broad, Helene Denker, Warren Dietshe, Robert Fogelman, Lillie Jackman, Michael Kwok, Lorraine Miller, Marcia Orbach, Marta Rabinor, Arnold Sadowsky, James Scherr, Lawrence Shelton, Peter Siegel, Clara Silbiger, Sharon Stacks, John Stewart, Joyce Thaw, Elizabeth KWOK—Lorraine B.,passed away peacefully at her home in Rego Park,NY on Wednes- day,at the age of 92.Beloved wife of the late Dr.Francis Kwok,loving mother of Fran- cis J.Kwok and cherished grandmother of Tynan Leigh Kwok.Friends may call on Monday,2-4pm and 7-9pm at Leo F.Kearns Funeral Home, 61-40 Woodhaven Boulevard, Rego Park,NY.Mass of Christian Burial Tuesday 9:45am at Our Lady of The Angelus Church followed by interment at Gate of Heaven Cemetery.In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Juvenile Diabetes Re- search Foundation,200 Con- necticut Ave.,Norwalk,CT 06854. MILLER—Marcia Judith.On September 6th,at home,sur- rounded by her grateful fami- ly.A stunning painter,daily master of the NY Times crossword,lover of all things New York.Adoring and adored mother of Sasha and Zachary,wonderful aunt to Rebecca and Florence,an in- spired grandmother to Annabel and Callie,the sharpest,wittiest and most loyal of sisters to Gerry,ever- generous sister-in-law to Penelope and mother-in-law to Kevin,incomparable and loyal friend to Patty,Sally, Barbara,Karen and a host of equally incomparable and loy- al friends,wife,soul-mate,in- spiration and continual won- der to Jeff,life-long host and provider of great pasta dishes to legions of travelers who found a warm home,as we all did,on 79th Street.A talent for art,family and friends,that was Marcia.Visit marciamillernewyork.com and see what we mean.Al- ways to be missed and re- membered,with Chaim and both Idas,by Zachary Green, Sasha Goldman and Jeff Stock.Services will be held at Riverside Memorial Chapel this Sunday,September 9th at 11:15am.Guests will be received afterwards and on Monday at Marcia and Jeff's apartment.Charitable dona- tions,in lieu of flowers,to either the Chaim & Ida Miller Award,Cornell University School of Industrial & Labor Relations,or Partners in Literacy. MILLER—Marcia.July 24,1946 - September 6,2012.Incompa- rable and brilliant friend for life,in our hearts forever af- ter.Thank God for your per- ception... Patty Burrows & Milt Wolfson ORBACH—Marta (nee Curro). Beloved mother of Tony and Chris.Also survived by loving grandchildren.Her great intel- ligence and intellect will nev- er be matched.Her friendship will be sorely missed by her devoted friends Lynn Block, Bitsie Gallo and Janie DeLu- ca.Memorial Service:Sunday, September 9,2012 at 2:30pm at Riverside Memorial Chapel 180 West 76th Street New York,NY 10023. RABINOR—Arnold J.on Sep- tember 6,2012.Beloved hus- band of Irene.Loving father of Zachary and Rebecca, Rachel and Miki,Ali and Kevin.Cherished grandfather of Samuel,Nathaniel,Jett, Max and Marin Lily.Devoted brother of Judy and Joan. Services 11:30am Monday Boulevard-Riverside Chapels 516-295-3100 www.boulevardriversidechape l.com SADOWSKY—Rev.James A., S,J.,on September 7,2012. Reposing at the Murray- Weigel Hall Chapel 515 E. Fordham Rd.,Bronx,NY on Sunday from 3-5 and 7-9pm.A Mass of Christian Burial will be held at the Murray-Weigel Hall Chapel on Monday at 11:30am.Interment will take place at the Jesuit Cemetery, Auriesville,NY.For informa- tion contact Farenga Bros. Inc.,Directors (718) 654-0500 SCHERR—Lawrence,MD,83 of New York,passed away on September 6,after a noble fight.Born in Brooklyn,NY on November 6,1928 to Harry and Sophie Schwartz,Dr. Scherr graduated from Brook- lyn technical high school and Cornell University,and proud- ly served in the United States Navy in active combat in Ko- rea as an officer in the United States Navy Amphibious Force.Dr.Scherr received his MD from Cornell university medical college in 1957.from 1967 to 2001,he was David J. Greene Chairman,Depart- ment of Medicine,North Shore University Hospital and Professor of Medicine,Cornell University Medical College and New York University School of Medicine.He was Professor Emeritus of Medi- cine,Weill Medical College of Cornell University.Dr.Scherr was Chairman of the New York State Board for Medi- cine and Chairman of the New York State Council on Graduate Medical Education. He served with President Clinton's white house review group on health care reform as well as numerous other committees nationally.Dr. Scherr is survived by his beloved and devoted wife Peggy of 58 years;daughter Cynthia Rosen (Alan) and son Robert;grandchildren Sabri- na;Benjamin;Natalie;and So- phie.Funeral services will be held Sunday,September 9th at 2:00pm at Gutterman's, 8000 Jericho Tpke,Woodbury, NY.In lieu of flowers,memo- rial gifts may be made to the North Shore-LIJ Health Sys- tem Foundation. SCHERR—Lawrence,M.D.  We are deeply saddened by the passing of Lawrence Scherr,M.D.a national leader in Medicine,a mentor to all of us and a true complete physician.Our heartfelt con- dolences go out to his family, colleagues and all of his pa- tients who he has touched so deeply throughout his preemi- nent career. David J.Cooper,M.D. CEO,ProHEALTH SHELTON—Peter Laros. Peter will be forever missed and remembered as a loving Father,devoted Husband, Partner,Mentor and a key Driver of the Creative Force that is Shelton,Mindel & As- sociates.Peter did everything you couldn't see because his humble nature kept him be- hind the scenes.Peter was a visionary architect who in- vented the seemingly inevitable.He had a creative mind that always strived for perfection.Whenever we look at anything,are posed with a problem or asked for a solu- tion we quietly reflect...what would Peter think?He was extremely private and chose to keep his courageous and dignified battle with cancer just that.Peter and partner, Lee Mindel received the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian National Design award from the First Lady,Michelle Oba- ma,at the White House.The night before the event,he ex- pressed to Lee,that although he had a hard time believing in religion he would never lose his faith in the value of the creative.We at SMA are deeply saddened by our loss but embrace moving forward with his inspiration and how he taught us all to challenge and resolve.We console and send our love to his devoted wife Laura Bennett Shelton and his beloved six children Cleo Bennett,Peik,Truman, Pierson,Larson and Finn Shelton.There will be a trib- ute held in his honor at the Seagram Building,Four Sea- sons Restaurant located at 99 East 52nd Street on Tuesday, September 11th 2012 between the hours of 4pm and 6pm.In lieu of flowers,please send contributions to:The RK Laros Foundation,Elizabeth Mowrer,Executive Director, 4513 Virginia Drive,Bethle- hem,PA 18017.610-867-8452. SIEGEL—Clara,died Septem- ber 6,2012 at the age of 102 and one day,peacefully in her sleep at her home in Manhattan.Born on the Low- er East Side,she lived The American Dream.Motherless at 16,she worked her way through Beth Israel Hospital School of Nursing.Happily married to Sam Siegel for 59 years until 1993,she lived 71 years in Manhattan and 31 years in Brooklyn.Beloved matriarch of her family and mother of Roberta Valins (Martin),William (Colette) and Richard (Beverly).She leaves nine devoted grand- children and 23 great-grand- children literally from coast to coast and in between.Ser- vices at Gutterman's,Wood- bury,Sunday at noon.Shiva at Roberta Valins'home,Sun- day - Tuesday. SILBIGER—Dr.Sharon.The Dalton School mourns the passing of Dr.Sharon Silbiger, mother of Jonah Gaynor (class of 2015).We extend our love and support to Jonah, Alan and their family. Ellen C.Stein Head of School STACKS—John F.,veteran Time magazine journalist and author,passed away September 4 in New York City of complications from prostate cancer.He leaves his wife Carol,a son Ben and his wife Kim,a step- daughter,Dr.Nicole Ruane and her husband Andrew Powell,and three grandchil- dren,Hannah,Kate and Frank.After graduation from Yale in 1964,he reported for the Washington Evening Star before joining Time in its Washington bureau.He took a brief leave of absence in 1968 to work as Sen.George McGovern's press secretary before returning to Time, where he oversaw the mag- azine's coverage of Water- gate,served as National Po- litical Correspondent during the 1980 presidential cam- paign and served as bureau chief in both Boston and New York.He later worked in a variety of editorial management positions,in- cluding Chief of Correspon- dents and Deputy Managing Editor.He is the author of five books,including Scotty, a biography of James B.Re- ston,and most recently Albest,a compilation of rec- ollections of Time correspon- dents during the past four decades.In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the Prostate Cancer Re- search Fund#51D38000-13785, NYU Cancer Institute c/o Dr. Anna Ferrari,160 E.34th St. 8th Fl.,New York,NY 10016 or to the John F.Stacks Jr. Scholarship Fund at the Uni- versity of Maryland. BROAD—Helene,of West Or- ange,NJ,died on Friday Sep- tember 7.Services will be held 10am Sunday at Bern- heim-Apter-Kreitzman Subur- ban Funeral Chapel,68 Old Short Hills Rd.,Livingston,NJ. Ms.Broad was the beloved mother of Michael and Cathy Blaustein and Anne and Perry Tepper and dear grandmoth- er to Jennifer,Sarah and Emily.A detailed obituary can be viewed at:  www.bernheimapterkreitz man.com DENKER—Warren Zev,70, beloved husband,father and friend,passed away with his family by his side on Tues- day,September 4,2012,after a courageous battle with can- cer.Zev was born on April 28, 1942 in Brooklyn,NY to the late Morty and Evelyn Denker and grew up in Forest Hills,NY.In 1973 Zev married the love of his life,Carole, and they relocated to Suffern, NY to raise their family.Zev enjoyed opera,was a vora- cious reader and cherished sharing time with friends and family.Passionate about his work,he spent his entire ca- reer of over thirty years working for ABC Television, where he was Director of Af- filiate Relations.Due to his in- tegrity and charismatic per- sonality,he developed numer- ous lifelong friendships.Zev was a gregarious people per- son,who was loved by all. He will forever be remem- bered for his intelligence, warmth,humor and generosi- ty.Zev is survived by his lov- ing wife Carole;son Michael (Pinar);daughter Heather (Jason);and brothers,Bruce and Stephen.Contributions in Zev's memory may be made to Temple Beth El c/o The Rabbi's Discretionary Fund, Spring Valley,NY or The American Cancer Society. DIETSHE—Robert Allen,born 1927,died on September 6. Father of Karen Dietshe and Maximilian Dietshe,grandfa- ther of Grace Dietshe and Lillian Roberts and father-in- law of Wendie Winslow and Kenneth Roberts.Known as Bob,he was raised in Tenafly,New Jersey,served in the Army Air Corps,and attended Columbia University. Throughout his career,Bob worked for the Sun Oil Com- pany as a public relations ex- ecutive,and lived in West- town,Pennsylvania.For the past 20 years,he has been re- tired and living in Simonsville, Vermont,in a house he had designed.Memorial services will be private.In lieu of flow- ers,donations to are suggest- ed to the:Springfield Humane Society 401 Skitchewaug Trail, Springfield,Vermont,05156. 802-885-3997. FOGELMAN—Lillie (Leah),86. Beloved mother of Dr.Eva Fogelman and son-in-law Pro- fessor Jerome Chanes and of Gila Fogelman-Unger and son-in-law Dr.Robert Unger; adoring grandmother of Adam Chanes.Funeral ser- vices on Sunday,September 9,11am,Plaza,630 Amster- dam Avenue.Shiv‘a at 60 Riverside Dr.,Apt 7C,Sunday evening - Friday morning. JACKMAN—Michael J.,age 46,of New York City,sudden- ly September 3.Beloved son of Frances A.(Carey) Jack- man of Dorchester.Loving brother of Bob Jackman and his wife Julia of Oregon and Beth Ann Nohmy and her husband Charlie of Milton. Dear uncle of Jessica and Cameron Nohmy and Rowan and Rylan Jackman.Late Freelance Writer and partner of Perazzeta Azienda Agricola Winery,Montenero,Italy.For- mer employee of Miller Free- man Publishing and former NYC Mounted Police Officer in Central Park.A Celebration of Life Service will be held at a later date. www.alfreddthomas.com Deaths Deaths Deaths
  • Дата публикации: 13 Ноябрь 2012
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The New York Times - Saturday, September 8, 2012

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