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The New York Times - Saturday, September 8, 2012

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Serena Williams reached the United
States Open final with a brisk two-set
win over Sara Errani. Williams will face
Victoria Azarenka, who needed three
sets to defeat Maria Sharapova.
PAGE D1
SPORTSSATURDAY D1-7
Women’s Final Is Set
U(D54G1D)y+%!/!]!=!$
By KATIE THOMAS
Monsters attacked Avery
de Groh when she was 4. That is
how she remembers the day in
2007 when the defibrillator in her
chest misfired, sending nine elec-
tric shocks through her body in
less than 30 minutes.
Today, Avery is a chatty 9-year-
old who just learned to roller-
skate.She is old enough to know
that she was not really attacked
by monsters. The culprit was a
broken wire from the defibrillator
that keeps her heart beating nor-
mally. Like her mother and two
brothers, she has an inherited
condition that makes her prone
to a fatal heart rhythm.After
Avery’s episode, doctors re-
moved the faulty wire, made by
Medtronic,and replaced it with a
new one made by St. Jude Med-
ical.
Now it is possible that one is
damaged, too. The wire, or lead,
known as the Riata,was recalled
in December   after St. Jude
warned doctors that internal ca-
bles were poking through the out-
er casing, causing unwanted
shocks or failing to work when
needed. Nearly 20 percent of the
128,000 people worldwide who
have the Riata may be affected,
according to the company. 
Molly de Groh, Avery’s moth-
er,said she worried that Avery’s
new lead would also malfunction.
“When I think about how scary it
was for her,” she said, “I feel like,
give that to me, and let her be
fine.”
Heart device specialists have
struggled for months to deter-
mine how best to treat patients
with damaged leads. There is no
easy fix: removing the wires can
be dangerous, but so can leaving
them in. In August, the Food and
Drug Administration recom-
mended that all patients with the
Riata undergo imaging to see if
their lead was  failing. But the
guidelines did little to settle the
matter after some doctors ques-
tioned the wisdom of the advice.
Patients are caught in the mid-
dle, forced to grapple with life-or-
death decisions for which there
are no easy answers. 
Mark Ulrich has decided not to
wait. Several years ago, Mr.
Ulrich’s defibrillator misfired in
reaction to a medication he was
taking. “I was pretty well barbe-
cued,” said Mr. Ulrich, who is 68
and lives in Manhattan. “I would
rather not be turned into a shish
kebab.”
Dr. Jeffrey N. Rottman, a heart 
Unpredictable Danger Looms Close to the Heart
JOHN GRESS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Molly de Groh and her children Oliver, left,and Avery all have defibrillators implanted.When
Avery’s misfired, repeatedly shocking her, doctors tried to fix it. Now they fear it could do it again. 
Continued on Page B4
By NELSON D. SCHWARTZ
The nation’s employers eased
up on hiring in August, making it
clear that the economy was stuck
in low gear. 
The pace of  job creation,dis-
closed in government figures re-
leased on Friday,fell far short of
the stronger showing at the start
of  the year. It presents a fresh
challenge to President Obama
just two months before the elec-
tion. It also provides more am-
munition for Republicans,who
say the country needs a new eco-
nomic course.
While the weak report  rever-
berated on the campaign trail,
traders and economists immedi-
ately focused on the Federal Re-
serve, betting  increasingly  that
its policy makers will  take new
action to stimulate the economy
when they meet next week.
The nation added 96,000 jobs in
August,compared with a revised
figure of 141,000 in July and well
below the 125,000 level econo-
mists had expected.Over the last
six months, job growth has aver-
aged 97,000 a month, typically not
enough to absorb new entrants to
the labor force, let alone cut  the
unemployment rate significantly.
“This is one of those reports
that as you dig deeper, it looks
less friendly,” said Ethan Harris,
chief United States economist at
Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
“The improvement in the rate
was purely due to people who
gave up looking for jobs.”
For August, the jobless rate did
fall to 8.1 percent from 8.3 percent
in July, but that was largely be-
cause more people left the work
force  entirely.The government
report showed that the overall la-
bor force dropped by 368,000
workers in August.The portion of
the population in the labor force
fell to 63.5 percent, the lowest lev-
el since September 1981.
“Politically, you can spin the
drop in the rate as a positive, but
it’s a sign of weakness,” Mr. Har-
ris said. “The economy is slowing
down and it wasn’t very robust to
begin with.”
As  job growth in the United
States has cooled in recent
months, European economies
have weakened as the debt crisis
deepened there. And the Chinese
economy has shown signs of a
sharp slowdown recently.
Though the figures for August
did   not represent a   drastic
plunge in job creation from re-
cent months — in June the econ-
JOB GAINS SLOW,
POSING PROBLEM
FOR OBAMA’S BID
AUGUST RISE OF  96,000 
Jobless Rate at 8.1% —
Pressure Growing for
Action by the Fed 
Continued on Page A3
By ELISABETH ROSENTHAL and ANDREW W. LEHREN
MIAMI — The chief executive
of the century-old company from
America’s heartland shifted ner-
vously on the witness stand here
as he tried to explain how a trust-
ed senior vice president had been
caught on a wiretap buying half a
million dollars in smuggled mer-
chandise, much of it from China. 
But the contraband purchased
by Marcone, a St. Louis-based
company that claims to be the na-
tion’s largest authorized source
for appliance parts, was not coun-
terfeit handbags or fake medi-
cines. It was a colorless gas that
provides the chill for air-condi-
tioners from Miami to Mumbai,
from Bogotá to Beijing. 
Under an international treaty,
the gas, HCFC-22,has been
phased out of new equipment in
the industrialized world because
it damages the earth’s ozone lay-
er and contributes to global
warming. There are strict limits
on how much can be imported or
sold in the United States by
American manufacturers. 
But the gas is still produced in
enormous volumes and sold
cheaply in China, India and Mex-
ico, among other places in the de-
veloping world, making it a prof-
itable if unlikely commodity for
international smugglers. 
So in 2009, Carlos Garcia, the
Marcone vice president, generat-
ed big business for his company’s
growing air-conditioning opera-
tion by selling smuggled foreign
gas to repairmen at rock bottom
prices in a promotion called
Freaky Freon Fridays, drawing
on a brand name that many use
as a synonym for coolants. 
Although it has been illegal to
sell new air-conditioners contain-
ing HCFC-22 in the United States
since 2010, vast quantities of the
gas are still needed to service old
machines. Importing HCFC-22
without the needed approvals, as
Marcone did, violates interna-
tional treaties and United States
law and regulations.
Yet for a long time, “Mr. Garcia
was a hero to his company” for
the profits his Freaky Freon Fri-
day campaign generated, an as-
sistant United States attorney,
Thomas A. Watts-FitzGerald, told
a rapt federal courtroom here in
April.
On June 26, Mr. Garcia was
sentenced to 13 months in federal
prison.
International efforts to curb
the use of HCFC-22 are faltering
for dozens of reasons, from loop-
holes in environmental treaties to
the reluctance of manufacturers
to step up development of more
environmentally friendly ma-
chines.
But the underlying problem is
that even as international trea-
ties and United States law de-
mand that companies renounce 
As a Coolant Is Phased Out,
Smugglers Reap Big Profits
Gas for Air-Conditioners Is Tied to Global Warming
Continued on Page A13
CHILLING EFFECT
Subverting a Crackdown
By LAURIE GOODSTEIN
On the surface, the Rev. Shawn
Ratigan was just the kind of dy-
namic new priest that any Ro-
man Catholic bishop would have
been happy to put in a parish. He
rode a motorcycle, organized
summer mission trips to Guate-
mala and joined Bishop Robert
W. Finn and dozens of students
on a bus trek to Washington for
the “March for Life,” a big annual
anti-abortion rally.
But in December 2010, Bishop
Finn got some disturbing news:
Father Ratigan had just tried to
commit suicide by running his
motorcycle in a closed garage.
The day before, a computer tech-
nician had discovered sexually
explicit photographs of young
girls on Father Ratigan’s laptop,
including one of a toddler with
her diaper pulled away to expose
her genitals. 
The decisions that Bishop Finn
and his second-in-command in
the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Jo-
seph, Msgr. Robert Murphy,
made about Father Ratigan over
the next five months ultimately
led to the conviction of the bishop
in circuit court on Thursday on
one misdemeanor count of failing
to report suspected child abuse.
It was the first time a Catholic
bishop in the United States had
been held accountable in criminal
court in the nearly three decades
since the priest sexual abuse
scandals first came to light.
Both Bishop Finn and Monsi-
gnor Murphy, as ministers, were
required by law to report sus-
pected child abuse to the civil au-
thorities. But they were also re-
quired to report under policies
that the American bishops put in
place 10 years ago at the height of
the scandal — policies that now
hold the force of canon law. 
This is an account of how, as
recently as 2011, in violation of 
Defying Civil and Canon Laws,
Church Failed to Stop a Priest
Continued on Page A14
ABOVE, DOUG MILLS/THE NEW YORK TIMES; BELOW, MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
UP IN THE AIR
The Obamas left Charlotte, N.C., for New Hampshire on Friday, while Mitt Romney
headed from New Hampshire to Florida as an intense phase of the campaign began. Page A9.
NEWS ANALYSIS 
By HELENE COOPER
and ANNIE LOWREY
IOWA CITY — Only hours af-
ter accepting his party’s nomina-
tion for a second term, President
Obama found himself on the de-
fensive over a jobs report that
was weak in almost every way.
The disappointing report
leaves the president and his ad-
visers with fading hopes that the
economy will surge ahead before
Election Day — much as it did
late last year — and allow them
to amplify his case that the coun-
try is on the road to recovery. 
And so on Friday Mr. Obama
found himself making the compli-
cated argument that the flagging
recovery, while not good enough,
is at least persistent enough to
show that he has put the country
on the right path. He has also
found himself in the bleak posi-
tion of having to prove to voters
in the 59 days before they head to
the polls that despite the sluggish
economy and high unemploy-
ment, Americans would be even
worse off with Mitt Romney at
the helm.
“It’s certainly not what I would
call the position we wanted to be
in at this point in the race,” one
Obama administration official,
who requested anonymity to talk
candidly about the campaign,
said on Friday. “He’s going to
have to make the case that we
wouldn’t even be at 8 percent if it
weren’t for him.”
For the past two years, Mr.
Obama based his campaign on
the argument that Democrats
had reversed an economic free
fall and helped put millions of
people back to work. 
But that argument has proved
harder to make with middling-or-
worse jobs reports month after
month. The August report shows
that the unemployment rate fell
only slightly, and even that drop
was largely because hundreds of
thousand of workers had given
up looking for jobs. 
“Today we learned that after 
A Day Later, It’s Still the Economy
Continued on Page A3
The European Central Bank’s bond-buy-
ing plan, initially hailed, has already run
into political problems. 
PAGE A4
INTERNATIONAL A4-8
Cheers for European Plan Fade
Hairspray once again filled the air at
Lincoln Center as New York Fashion
Week began. Jason Wu and Peter Som
were among the first to show. A fashion
review by Cathy Horyn. 
PAGE B8
FASHION B8
The Runways Reopen
Fleeing a robbery in the Bronx, a shop
worker, 20, collided with a police officer
whose gun was drawn. 
PAGE A16
NEW YORK A16-19
Police Kill Victim of Robbery
A comprehensive overview of what’s
coming in theater, art, music, dance, ar-
chitecture, television and film. Also:
“Film is Dead! Long Live Movies!” a
discussion of the medium’s future with
Manohla Dargis and A.O. Scott. 
ARTS & LEISURE
THIS WEEKEND
The New Season
Gail Collins
PAGE A21
EDITORIAL, OP-ED A20-21
There is evidence that cheating has
grown, and experts blame schools, par-
ents and technology. 
PAGE A14
NATIONAL A12-15
Academic Dishonesty Rises
A maker of epinephrine injectors wants
to put them in every school. 
PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY B1-7
Big Push for a Tiny Lifesaver
A judge is allowing a special prosecutor
to broaden his investigation and look at
money used to settle complaints against
Assemblyman Vito J. Lopez. 
PAGE A16
Inquiry Into Lopez Settlement
In “The Price of Politics,” Bob Wood-
ward details the collapse of a debt deal.
Michiko Kakutani reviews. 
PAGE C1
ARTS C1-8
No Grand Bargain
VOL.CLXI..No. 55,888
©2012 The New York Times
NEWYORK,SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Late Edition
Today, sun and clouds, strong thun-
derstorms late, high 82. Tonight,
strong thunderstorms, then clear-
ing, low 65. Tomorrow, partly sun-
ny, high 77. Weather map, Page A18.
$2.50
A2
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Inside The Times
INTERNATIONAL
Canada Denounces Iran
And Cuts Diplomatic Ties
Calling Iran the most significant
threat to global peace and security
in the world today, Canada’s foreign
affairs minister, John Baird, abrupt-
ly announced that his government
had cut all diplomatic ties with the
country. 
PAGE A4 
U.S. Suspends Data Sharing
Seeking better controls for its milita-
rized approach to combating drugs
in Central America, the United
States has suspended all sharing of
radar intelligence with Honduras af-
ter the Honduran air force in July
shot down two planes suspected of
ferrying drugs, American officials
said.
PAGE A7 
Bail in Blasphemy Case
A judge in Pakistan granted bail to a
Christian girl accused of burning a
religious textbook, a significant step
in a controversy that has renewed
scrutiny of the country’s blasphemy
laws. She has been detained in a
high-security prison since mid-Au-
gust. 
PAGE A8
NATIONAL
As School Year Begins,
Chicago Union Strike Looms
With the possibility for a strike be-
ginning across Chicago’s public
schools, contract talks for city teach-
ers were expected to stretch into the
weekend as hundreds of thousands
of families began planning for the
worst. 
PAGE A12
Walmart in Chinatown
For more than 70 years,small busi-
nesses have thrived in Los Ange-
les’s Chinatown. But some fear this
immigrant community is threatened
by the newest addition to the neigh-
borhood: Walmart.
PAGE A12
NEW YORK
For Wounded Bystanders,
The Scars Run Deeper
Patria de los Santos and the eight
other bystanders hit by police bul-
lets in the Empire State Building
shooting last month remain largely
unknown and are tending to their
changed lives and bodies. Crime
Scene, Michael Wilson. 
PAGE A16
BUSINESS
As PC Sales Turn Down,
Intel Trims Its Outlook
With the personal computer market
stalled, Intel, the primary maker of
computer chips, warned its invest-
ors that revenue and profit margins
would be lower than expected.
PAGE B1
Bid to Buy Mining Firm
Glencore, the world’s largest com-
modities trader, saved its mega-
merger with the large multinational
mining company Xstrata from col-
lapse by sweetening its offer. But
the deal remains in limbo after
Xstrata raised concerns about the
revised proposal. 
PAGE B1 
SPORTS
Suspensions for Players
In Bounty Scandal Vacated
Four players suspended by the
N.F.L. for their roles in what the
league said was a bounty program
conducted by members of the New
Orleans Saints had their suspen-
sions vacated by an appeals panel.
PAGE D1
ARTS
‘Eclipse,’ by Jonah Bokaer
At BAM Fisher Building
“Eclipse,” by the choreographer Jo-
nah Bokaer and the visual artist An-
thony McCall, has inaugurated the
Brooklyn Academy of Music’s inti-
mate new theater, the BAM Fisher.
PAGE C1 
A Legacy in Music Awards
The MTV Video Music Awards car-
ry the burden of still being the most
forward-looking and youth-oriented
music fan’s awards show, a respon-
sibility it has inherited but is not
necessarily equipped for.Critic's
Notebook, John Caramanica.
PAGE C1 
INTERNATIONAL
An article  on Friday about a
tentative deal by Japan to buy
three uninhabited islands that
are part of a chain at the center of
a heated territorial dispute with
China misstated, in some edi-
tions, the year the United States,
which seized the islands in World
War II, returned them, along with
Okinawa, to the Japanese. It was
1972, not 1971. 
NEW YORK
An article in some editions on
Thursday about an impasse be-
tween the Hunts Point Produce
Market and the city, part of the
negotiations in keeping the co-
operative in the Bronx, misidenti-
fied the location in the Bronx
where FreshDirect, another busi-
ness that had threatened to leave
New York for New Jersey, was
promised it could build. It is the
Harlem Rail Yards, adjacent to
the Mott Haven and Port Morris
neighborhoods — not “at Hunts
Point.” (The site is west of Hunts
Point.)
An article  on Tuesday about
the annual West Indian American
Day Parade in Brooklyn omitted,
in some copies, part of a passage
at the beginning of the continua-
tion of the article. The passage
should have read: “Last year, a
resident of Crown Heights, De-
nise Gay, was sitting on her stoop
when she was killed in the cross-
fire between police officers and a
gunman. That came on a Labor
Day weekend in the city when 67
people were shot, 13 of whom
died.”
The About New York column
on Friday about stolen motor-
cycles recovered by the police,
then stolen again, misstated, in
some copies, the number of sus-
pects charged as part of the origi-
nal ring that was broken up. It
was 33, not 31. 
SPORTS
An article  on Tuesday about
the places that Nets players will
live once the team begins play in
Brooklyn misstated the surname
of one player who will reside in
New Jersey. He is Tyshawn Tay-
lor, not Thomas.
WEEKEND
A film review on Friday about
“Keep the Lights On” misspelled,
in some editions, the surname of
the actor who plays Erik. As the
listing of credits and a picture
caption with the review correctly
noted, he is Thure Lindhardt, not
Lindhart.
T: MEN
An article  this weekend  on
Page 52 about new knits of the
season, modeled by the actor
Nico Tortorella, misidentifies his
role in “Scream 4.” He  plays a
suspect (and eventual victim);
he is not the killer. 
 
An article  this weekend  on
Page 102 about the American in-
tellectual Gene Sharp  refers in-
correctly to his work on a mas-
ter’s degree. He received his
master's at Ohio State Universi-
ty in 1951; he was not working on
his master’s thesis in New York
in 1953. And because of an editing
error, the article also misstates,
 at one point, part of the name of
nonprofit organization he found-
ed. As the article  correctly
notes elsewhere, it is the Albert
Einstein Institution, not Alfred 
Einstein Institution.  
Corrections
‘‘
This is a crime that
has all the profits of drug
trafficking and none of the
risk.
’’
THOMAS A.
WATTS-FITZGERALD,
an assistant United States at-
torney, on the smuggling of
HCFC-22, a coolant gas.
[A13] 
QUOTATION OF THE DAY
OP-ED
Joe Nocera 
PAGE A21
Charles M. Blow 
PAGE A21
SLIDE SHOWNate Silver writes in
Sunday’s magazine about changes
in weather forecasting. The Dutch
photographer Erik Hijweege, using
the professional pseudonym Kevin
Erskine,has photographed storms
across the country.
nytimes.com/magazine
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Anthony Tommasini visits Bolzano, Italy, and the castles of Ludwig II of Bavaria, above, and a
Grigory Sokolov recital at the Busoni International Piano Festival. 
ARTS, PAGE C1
JOHANNES SIMON/GETTY IMAGES
N
A3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
losing around 800,000 jobs a
month when I took office, busi-
nesses added private-sector jobs
for the 30th month in a row,” Mr.
Obama told a campaign rally in
Portsmouth, N.H. 
Still, the pace of job growth
was “not good enough,” Mr. Oba-
ma was forced to acknowledge. 
The bad economic news, with
the August jobs report showing
continued misery particularly for
the less-educated and the long-
term unemployed, electrified Re-
publican pollsters and politicians
eager to interpret it as yet more
evidence of the failure of Mr.
Obama’s economic policies. 
On Friday, Mr. Romney made
a full-throated argument that Mr.
Obama is failing as an economic
steward, referring on Twitter to
the Democratic National Con-
vention as a party and the jobs
report as the hangover.
“There’s almost nothing the
president has done in the past
three and a half, four years that
gives the American people confi-
dence that he knows what he’s
doing when it comes to jobs and
the economy,” Mr. Romney said
on his way to a campaign stop in
Sioux City, Iowa. 
His surrogates and supporters
piled on. “If this labor market
were a horse, they’d send it to
the glue factory,” said Andrew G.
Biggs,an economist at the Amer-
ican Enterprise Institute, in a
statement. “Lucky for the horse,
the factory is closed, too.”
Mr. Obama’s advisers say the
president in the next two months
will hammer home his argument
that Republicans have stood in
the way of better jobs numbers.
He will argue that Republican
opposition to his jobs bill has
hampered growth. And he will
continue to refine the accusation
that his opponents are obsessed
with tax cuts, an argument he
unveiled at the convention in
Charlotte, N.C., Thursday night.
On Friday, in a joint campaign
appearance with Michelle Oba-
ma, Vice President Joseph R. Bi-
den Jr. and his wife, Jill, Mr. Oba-
ma was refining — and expand-
ing upon — his tax cut argument,
until it took an almost humorous
turn.
Instead of a jobs agenda, Mr.
Obama said, “all they’ve got to
offer is the same prescriptions
that they’ve had for the last 30
years: tax cuts, tax cuts, gut
some regulations, oh, and more
tax cuts,” he said. Then, appar-
ently liking the line he was on, he
added: “Tax cuts to help you lose
a few extra pounds. Tax cuts to
improve your love life.”
Behind the jokes though, the
president, who traveled to Iowa
on Friday before heading to Flor-
ida for a weekend campaign bus
tour, and his advisers are clearly
worried, and with good reason.
Economic growth slowed
through the first half of the year,
leading many economists, in-
cluding those at the Federal Re-
serve, to raise their year-end un-
employment forecasts. American
businesses added only 96,000
jobs in August, below expecta-
tions.
As disappointing as the report
may be, both economic and polit-
ical analysts said they did not
think it changed the fundamen-
tals of either the presidential
race or the economy. The stock
market on Friday closed virtual-
ly unchanged.
The economic narrative
seemed to remain the same: The
economy is in poor condition,
and the recovery anemic, but
persistent.
“While there is more work that
remains to be done, today’s em-
ployment report provides further
evidence that the U.S. economy
is continuing to recover from the
worst downturn since the Great
Depression,” said Alan B. Krue-
ger,the chairman of the White
House’s Council of Economic Ad-
visers, in a statement.
Polls have remained stable in
recent months even as the eco-
nomic news has become more
and more tepid. Many voters
seem to have absorbed the state
of the economy — slowly recov-
ering from a deep downturn —
and made up their minds, politi-
cal scientists and pollsters be-
lieve. 
“There’s not a lot of undecided
voters out there, and the impact
of any given piece of economic
news is going to be relatively
small,” said John Sides,a politi-
cal scientist at George Washing-
ton University. “While it’s not
good, it’s not a decisive shift.”
Mr. Sides also noted that vot-
ers tended to focus on economic
growth in the year before they
headed to the polls. 
But other analysts said there
seemed to be some evidence that
the weak economic reports piling
up might weigh on Mr. Obama
and help Mr. Romney at the
polls.
“I’m reminded of 1992, when,
after the election, a story went
around that G.H.W. Bush lost
because there was a perception
of the economy in recession even
though the economy was already
improving,” Andrew Gelman, the
director of the Applied Statistics
Center at Columbia University,
wrote in an e-mail. 
“The news of the next two
months will be important, as the
story does not seem set in stone.”
NEWS ANALYSIS 
A Day After the Party, It’s Still the Economy
From Page A1
Grim statistics make
a candidate’s case
harder to make.
Helene Cooper reported from
Iowa City, and Annie Lowrey from
Washington. Jeremy W. Peters
contributed reporting from Sioux
City, Iowa. 
omy created just 45,000  jobs —
many experts quietly raised their
forecasts ahead of the announce-
ment by the Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics. That optimism seemed to
be supported by a drop in first-
time unemployment claims  on
Thursday, as well as a report the
same day from Automatic Data
Processing,a private payroll
firm, that showed a gain of
201,000 jobs in the private sector.
A.D.P.tracks about 400,000 com-
panies that are clients, Mr. Harris
said, while the government stat-
isticians capture a broader range
of businesses.
For the Federal Reserve, Fri-
day’s report provided more evi-
dence of   economic weakness.
Economists said it raised the like-
lihood of action to stimulate the
economy when the Fed’s Open
Market committee convened on
Wednesday and Thursday. 
Just last week, Ben S. Ber-
nanke, the chairman of the Fed-
eral Reserve, delivered a forceful
argument for more action, calling
the unemployment level a “grave
concern.”  Unemployment has
been above 8 percent since Feb-
ruary 2009.
One possible course would be
another round of asset purchases
intended to  push down rates,
making it easier for consumers
and businesses to borrow and in-
vest. A more limited option would
be for the Fed to extend its com-
mitment to a low benchmark in-
terest rate, now near zero, into
2015 from late 2014.
Despite the weak jobs report,
the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock
index posted a slight gain on Fri-
day, highlighting a   conviction
among many investors that the
Fed will act. Many economists,
though, are not so sure  about
how far the Fed will go. 
Some, like Nigel Gault of IHS
Global Insight,predicted a third
round of so-called quantitative
easing, with the Fed buying $500
billion to $600 billion worth of as-
sets, mostly mortgage-backed se-
curities, to try to lower rates. 
Others, like Steve Blitz, chief
economist at ITG Investment Re-
search,predicted that the Fed
would limit itself to extending the
ultralowbenchmark rate. He esti-
mated a 60 percent chance that
the Fed would extend the rate but
only a 10 percent chance of an-
other round of asset purchases.
“I don’t think the economy is
quite as weak as the 96,000 figure
suggests,”  he   said. “The Fed
doesn’t react to one data point.”
One problem for the Fed is that
more easing tends to lower the
value of the dollar against foreign
currencies, he said. Besides driv-
ing up the price of commodities
like oil, it does little to help China
or Europe avert a further slow-
down. 
The rate of job creation has
been erratic in 2012. After adding
more than 250,000 jobs in both
January and February, the econ-
omy slowed. Job creation briefly
recovered a bit  in July, but few
economists expect  big gains in
the coming months.
Sectors with growth in employ-
ment tended to be lower-paying
ones, said Mark Vitner,a senior
economist with Wells Fargo.
About 40 percent of the new jobs
came from four areas:retail,lei-
sure and hospitality,temporary
help services  and home health
care services.Manufacturing, a
closely watched barometer for
the economy, lost 15,000 jobs. 
“This is one of the reasons
wages haven’t been growing,” he
said. “People are taking jobs they
didn’t take in the past, moving
from sectors like construction
into jobs at lower-paying, big-box
retailers.” 
There were a few slivers of en-
couragement in Friday’s report.
Using the broadest measure of
unemployment, which includes
part-time workers who want to
work full time as well as individ-
uals who are not looking for jobs
but indicate they want to work,
the unemployment rate fell to 14.7
percent from 15 percent. 
The pace of government lay-
offs seems to be slowing, said Pe-
ter Cappelli, a professor of man-
agement at the Wharton School
and director of the school’s Cen-
ter for Human Resources.As the
private sector added 103,000 jobs
in August, governments cut just
7,000. That is down from 21,000 in
July, and well below the average
of 16,000 reductions a month
since March. Federal employ-
ment actually increased by 3,000
in August,to 2.8 million, the first
monthly increase since February
2011. 
There was only slight relief for
the long-term unemployed, de-
fined as workers out of a job for
at least 27 weeks. Their ranks fell
by 152,000 to just over five million
in August, and they account for
40 percent of all unemployed peo-
ple. Among workers with less
than a high school education, the
unemployment rate fell to 12 per-
cent from 12.7 percent,but that
remains far above the 4.1 percent
unemployment level for workers
with a college degree or more.
Still, there were plenty of other
signs the economy was still
treading water. Average hourly
earnings paid by private employ-
ers ticked downward by 1 cent in
August,to $23.52,while the
length of the typical private sec-
tor workweek  remained flat at
34.4 hours. Both measures have
barely budged from where they
were six months ago. 
Job Gains Slow, Posing Problem for Obama’s Bid
From Page A1
SANDY HUFFAKER/GETTY IMAGES
Ajob fair on Thursday in San Diego.The economy added fewer jobs than expected in August.
The Labor Picture in August
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
THE NEW YORK TIMES
Figures are seasonally adjusted, except where noted.
*Hispanics can be of any race. †Not seasonally adjusted. 
§People not working who say they would like to be. 
Includes discouraged workers or those who cannot work 
for reasons including ill health.
7
9
8
%
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
8.1%
M   J        J     AAS          N                 M
D
F
J
O
Nonfarm payroll, 12-month change
EMPLOYMENT
AM  A   M  J       JS
O
N   D    J     F
SHARE OF
POPULATION 
1-MONTH
CHANGEAUG.
 
1-YEAR
CHANGE
% 
58.3
63.5
0.1
0.2
–
–
 Unch.
0.6 
–
Employed
Labor force (workers 
and unemployed)
‘HIDDEN’ UNEMPLOYMENT
In millions
1-MONTH
CHANGE
AUG.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
†
%
2.6
2.8
8.0
7.0
–
+
%
8.6 
8.3
–
+
Working part time, but 
want full-time work
People who currently 
want a job
§
UNEMPLOYMENT BY
EDUCATION LEVEL
1-MONTH
CHANGE
AUG.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
%
pts.
pts.
pts.
pts.
12.0
8.8
6.6
4.1
Less than high 
school
High school
Some college
Bachelor’s or higher
0.7
0.1
0.5
Unch.
–
+
–
2.1
0.7
1.6
0.2
–
–
–
–
TYPE OF WORK
In millions
1-MONTH
CHANGE
AUG.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
133.3
18.3
115.0
2.2
%0.1
0.1
0.1
-3.8
+
–
+ 
–
1.4
1.4
1.4
-9.4
 %+
+
+
–
Nonfarm
Goods
Services
Agriculture
UNEMPLOYMENT DEMOGRAPHICS
1-MONTH
CHANGE
AUG.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
%
†
pts.
pts.
†
†
7.2
14.1
10.2
5.9
24.6
0.2
Unch.
0.1
0.3
0.8
–
–
–
+
0.7
2.6
1.1
1.2
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
White
Black
Hispanic*
Asian
Teenagers
(16-19)
DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT
In weeks
1-MONTH
CHANGE
AUG.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
39.2
18.0
%1.0
7.8
+
+
%2.7
17.1
–
–
Average
Median
AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS
Rank-and-file
workers
1-MONTH
CHANGE
AUG.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
$809.09      Unch.
%2.0+
0
+1
+2%
A4
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By STEVEN ERLANGER
PARIS — In the long euro crisis, there
is almost always a sobering morning-
after whenever European leaders ap-
pear to have made a major break-
through. And so it went again on Friday.
Greeted with initial fanfare by invest-
ors and economic officials, the unlimited
bond-buying plan  that the European
Central Bank president, Mario Draghi,
announced Thursday ran into immedi-
ate political problems in the crucial
countries of Germany, Spain and Italy. 
In Germany, despite Chancellor An-
gela Merkel’s support for Mr. Draghi
and the independence of the Central
Bank, political and news media reaction
was scathing, with accusations that the
bank, in seeking to stabilize the euro
currency union, was subverting its
mandate to fight inflation and forcing
debt upon euro zone members.
“A Black Day for the Euro,” “Over the
Red Line” and “Pandora’s Box Opened
Forever” were some of the German
headlines, with the normally sympa-
thetic Süddeutsche Zeitung headlining
an editorial: “The E.C.B. Rewards Mis-
management.” Even the German Bun-
desbank, officially part of the European
Central Bank, put out a statement com-
menting acidly that the plan was “fi-
nancing governments by printing bank
notes.”
At the same time, the two intended
beneficiaries of the Draghi plan — Spain
and Italy — expressed reluctance to ask
the bank for help, even if both might
eventually have little choice but to seek
aid. The governments in Madrid and
Rome apparently fear the political im-
pact at home of bowing to whatever de-
mands for harsh economic policy
changes might come with the aid.
They seem afraid that the medicine
might prove worse than the disease, be-
cause Mr. Draghi made it clear that
there would be no bottomless well of
money made available without a pro-
gram of greater spending discipline.
“Those who did everything to have
the E.C.B. help now say they don’t want
it,” Ferruccio de Bortoli, editor in chief
of the newspaper Corriere della Sera,
said in a Twitter message. “Speculation
will play on this contradiction.”
The disjunction between how officials
seek to placate the lightning-fast mar-
kets and the reluctance on the part of
the public and politicians to make fur-
ther sacrifices and move at more than a
glacial pace highlight why it has proved
so difficult for Europe to overcome the
challenges that still threaten to tear
apart its 17-nation currency union. 
The point of the new bank program is
to ease interest rates on the bonds of
Spain and Italy, the third- and fourth-
largest economies in the euro zone after
Germany and France, by reducing in-
vestor speculation against the future of
the euro itself. High rates threaten to
bust their budgets, but also to make it
all but impossible to raise money in the
financial markets.
If Spain and Italy cannot go to the
market to finance their debt, then they
could need full bailouts by a European
Union whose rescue funds are simply
too small. So keeping interest rates
down for Spain and Italy is a vital part
of any euro rescue plan. It is also neces-
sary to buy time for European poli-
ticians to make the difficult political de-
cisions to achieve the fiscal and banking
union that is the longer-term answer to
the structural problems of a common
currency without a common treasury.
So far, investors are continuing to bet
on Mr. Draghi. Interest rates on the
bonds of Spain and Italy fell significant-
ly on Thursday and Friday, after an up-
ward swing in the value of stocks and
the euro on Thursday.
The next test for the euro is on
Wednesday, when the German constitu-
tional court is expected to rule on the
soundness of the permanent European
bailout fund, the European Stability
Mechanism, that would finance much of
the bond buying under the Draghi plan.
More challenges lie ahead. Despite
the reluctance of the Spanish prime
minister, Mariano Rajoy, to risk the stig-
ma of seeking help — beyond the money
Europe has promised to help prop up
Spain’s most troubled banks — he is ex-
pected to nonetheless make such a re-
quest before the end of October.
Spain must pay back 20 billion euros,
about $25.6 billion,in bond redemptions
in October. And some analysts suggest
that Mr. Rajoy will need to seek help to
satisfy half of Spain’s 180 billion euro fi-
nancing needs (about $230 billion) over
the next year. “The Spanish fear is that
they become another Greece — that
they will have to chop off their right arm
for a blood transfusion,” said Mark
Cliffe, chief economist at ING Bank in
Amsterdam.
But some European officials suggest
that Spain has already done a lot to
clean up its books — more than Italy
has done, certainly — and that any new
conditions might not be much more
onerous, especially in a period of such
deep recession and political backlash
against austerity. Mr. Rajoy is already
losing popularity rapidly, and no one
wants further political instability in
Spain to add to continuing anxieties
over Greece.
Italy is a less urgent case. Prime Min-
After Initial Fanfare, European Bank’s Bond Plan Draws Detractors 
PHOTOGRAPHS BY SUSANA VERA/REUTERS
A protest, above, in Madrid on Thursday was directed toward the role of the
German chancellor, Angela Merkel, in addressing Spain’s debt crisis. Earlier
in the week, at left, Spaniards crowded into an employment office in Madrid. 
Continued on Page A7
By DECLAN WALSH 
and ERIC SCHMITT
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Pakistani
officials reacted cautiously on Friday to
news that the United States had desig-
nated the Taliban-affiliated Haqqani
network as a terrorist group, allaying
fears that the move could drive a fresh
wedge between the two uneasy allies.
The designation order, signed by Sec-
retary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
in Brunei before heading to Russia for a
conference, ended two years of debate
inside the Obama administration about
the merits of formally ostracizing a
powerful element of the Afghan insur-
gency that American officials say has
uncomfortably close ties to Pakistan. 
Within hours of the designation,
American officials in Washington were
seeking to play down worries that it
could stymie peace talks with the Tali-
ban or lead to the designation of Paki-
stan as a state sponsor of terrorism. 
In the Pakistani capital of Islamabad,
the designation received a studiously
muted reception. 
Previous diplomatic clashes between
Pakistan and the United States have set
off condemnation in Pakistan’s electron-
ic media, often encouraged by military
officials who are not identified. But on
Friday, government and military offi-
cials largely avoided comment. 
Instead, evening news programs con-
centrated on domestic politics, the in-
surgency in Baluchistan and a visit to
Islamabad by India’s minister for ex-
ternal affairs.
“This is an internal matter for the
United States. It’s not our business,”
Sherry Rehman, Pakistan’s ambassa-
dor to the United States, said in a state-
ment. “We are not in the business of
coddling terrorists and those who chal-
lenge the writ of our state.”
The restraint was consistent with in-
dications from Pakistani officials in re-
cent weeks that they would publicly ac-
cept the designation, even if they pri-
vately opposed it. 
“The Pakistani side is playing it by
ear at the moment,” said Cyril Almeida,
an analyst with Dawn, a leading Eng-
lish-language newspaper. “They knew
it was being pushed by the American
military.”
Still, he said, “it adds another compli-
cating layer to a fiendishly complicated
relationship.” 
Mrs. Clinton said the designation was
a sign that the United States would
“continue our robust campaign of diplo-
matic, military and intelligence pres-
sure” on the Haqqani network.
A Pentagon spokesman said it would
“degrade the network’s capacity to car-
ry out attacks, including affecting fund-
raising abilities, targeting them with
our military and intelligence resources,
and pressing Pakistan to take action.” 
A senior Haqqani commander, how-
ever, called it a sign of the United
States’ “lame tactics.”
“Americans are claiming that by de-
claring us terrorist, we would lose sup-
port of some Muslim countries,” said
the commander, who spoke by satellite
phone through an intermediary in Paki-
stan. “Let me assure everyone that we
only seek Allah’s and the Afghan na-
tion’s support.”
Based in the mountains straddling
the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, the
Haqqani network has carried out some
of the most audacious assaults of recent
years. Armed with suicide vests, guns
and rocket launchers, the group’s fight-
ers have targeted the United States Em-
bassy, NATO’s headquarters and a five-
star hotel in Kabul. 
Their links to Pakistan’s military, es-
pecially its Inter-Services Intelligence
directorate, have been a sore point with
the United States. American intelli-
gence indicates the group enjoys some
support from the ISI, although few offi-
cials now support a contention by Adm.
Mike Mullen, former chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, that the Haqqani
network is a “veritable arm” of the ISI. 
Pakistani officials say their contacts
with the Haqqanis are part of normal in-
telligence operations, and deny any role
in directing violence against American
and other NATO troops in Afghanistan. 
The designation was the product of a
vivid two-year debate inside the Obama
administration that current and former
officials said ultimately loomed as a
lose-lose proposition for Mrs. Clinton. 
Any decision to designate could have
been seen as the product of pressure
from a Congress angry with Pakistan
over NATO supply lines negotiations
and the fate of Dr. Shakil Afridi, a Paki-
stani who was jailed after helping the
C.I.A. locate Osama bin Laden. 
Avoiding designation could have
handed Mr. Obama’s Republican oppo-
nents an opportunity to accuse the pres-
ident of being weak on a lethal militant
group that in June penetrated the pe-
rimeter defenses of an American base
in southern Afghanistan. 
In a conference call with reporters,
two senior administration officials, who
were not authorized to speak publicly
about the issue, played down concerns
from critics of the action and offered ex-
amples of how they said the designation
would help the United States. 
The designation provides the Depart-
ment of Justice with new means of
bringing prosecutions for material sup-
port of the Haqqani network, which has
raised money among conservative Mus-
lims in the Persian Gulf since the 1980s. 
“It gives us a stronger tool as well for
going out to other countries and saying
we’ve taken this level of action against
the group, and we urge you to do the
same,” said one official. 
The two officials also dismissed the
idea that the designation would un-
dercut peace talks with the Taliban,
which have been suspended since
March. American officials, they said
specifically, are not barred from talking
to a designated organization. 
“Our policy in Afghanistan, as you
well know, is fight, talk and build, which
is focused not only on putting military
pressure, but also seeking a peaceful
resolution to the conflict,” one said. 
U.S. Blacklists Militant Haqqani Network
MOHAMMED RIAZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The network was founded by Jala-
luddin Haqqani, shown in 1998.
Declan Walsh reported from Islamabad,
Pakistan, and Eric Schmitt from Wash-
ington. Ihsanullah Tipu Mehsud and Sal-
man Masood contributed reporting. 
By IAN AUSTEN
QUEBEC — Calling Iran “the most
significant threat to global peace and
security in the world today,” Cana-
da’s foreign affairs minister, John
Baird, abruptly announced Friday
that his government had cut all dip-
lomatic ties with the country.
Mr. Baird told reporters in Vladi-
vostok, Russia, where he was at-
tending the Asia-Pacific Economic
Cooperation summit meeting, that
Canada had closed its embassy in
Tehran and given Iranian diplomats
in Canada five days to leave. An
online list prepared by the Depart-
ment of Foreign Affairs and Interna-
tional Trade indicated Friday morn-
ing that there were 18 Iranian diplo-
mats in Canada.
The action by Canada contrasts
with its decision in 1979 to keep its
embassy in Tehran open after the
United States Embassy there was
seized by students and several diplo-
mats were held hostage. Six Ameri-
cans found sanctuary in the Canadi-
an Embassy and were eventually
smuggled out of the country using
Canadian passports.
Mr. Baird offered numerous rea-
sons for his decision, including an at-
tack last November by a crowd on
the British Embassy in Tehran,
which led to concerns for the safety
of Canadian diplomats there. 
“The Iranian regime has shown
blatant disregard for the Vienna
Convention and its guarantee of pro-
tection for diplomatic personnel,”
Mr. Baird said.
Mr. Baird also noted international
criticism of Iran over its support of
the government of President Bashar
al-Assad in Syria as it violently sup-
presses a widespread popular upris-
ing. He also cited its human rights
record, its assistance to terrorist
groups and its noncompliance with
United Nations resolutions concern-
ing its nuclear program.
He added that Iran “routinely
threatens the existence of Israel and
engages in racist anti-Semitic rheto-
ric and incitement to genocide.”
In a statement, Israel’s prime min-
ister, Benjamin Netanyahu, a
staunch opponent of Iran, praised his
Canadian counterpart, Stephen Har-
per, for “for taking a bold leadership
decision that sends a clear message
to Iran and the entire world.”
Mr. Netanyahu added, “The re-
solve that was demonstrated by Can-
ada is highly important in order for
the Iranians to realize that they can-
not continue their race toward nucle-
ar weapons.”
Mr. Harper’s Conservative gov-
ernment has been supportive of Is-
rael on a variety of issues and has
mirrored its aggressive stance on
Iran.
The Canadian Embassy had al-
ready been reduced to about seven
or eight staff members before the
closing. Canada has not had a fully
accredited ambassador in Iran since
2007, when Iran expelled the ambas-
sador for unspecified reasons. The
expulsion followed prolonged Cana-
dian protests over the killing of a
photojournalist, Zahra Kazemi, in an
Iranian prison in 2003. Ms. Kazemi, a
resident of Montreal, held both Ca-
nadian and Iranian citizenship. 
Mr. Baird did not say why the deci-
sion to cut diplomatic relations had
been taken so long after the British
Embassy episode, but he swiftly re-
jected suggestions that the move in-
dicated that a military attack on Iran
by Israel or other nations was immi-
nent.
“Unequivocally, we have no in-
formation about a military strike on
Iran,” he said.
Canada Closes Tehran Embassy
And Orders IranEnvoys to Leave
ADRIAN WYLD/THE CANADIAN PRESS, VIA A.P.
Canada’s foreign affairs minister,
John Baird, announced the step.
N
A5
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
HAVANA (AP) — A spokes-
man for Colombia’s main leftist
guerrilla army said Friday that
President Juan Manuel Santos’s
rejection of a proposed cease-fire
would not derail next month’s
peace talks on ending a half-cen-
tury of armed struggle.
There is plenty of mistrust and
bad blood to overcome, but the
cease-fire issue is not insur-
mountable, said the rebel spokes-
man, Marco León Calarcá of the
Revolutionary Armed Forces of
Colombia, or FARC.
Nor, he said, is the seeming im-
probability that a guerrilla im-
prisoned in the United States will
be freed to take part in the talks,
as the rebels want.
Mr. Calarcá said those obsta-
cles were nothing compared with
the problems related to 50 years
of violence. “In that sense, look-
ing at things optimistically, we
think there is no problem we
can’t solve,” he said.
With both sides repeatedly em-
phasizing the importance of hav-
ing the will to make peace talks
succeed, it was a surprisingly
positive message just a day after
Colombia’s government and the
FARC seemed to be at logger-
heads.
The rebels announced Thurs-
day that a cease-fire was at the
top of their negotiating agenda,
but Mr. Santos promptly said that
it was not going happen. “There’s
not going to be any cease-fire,”
the president told reporters  on
Thursday night. “We will not give
anything until we get the final
agreement, and I want to make
that very clear.”
Mr. Santos added that the mil-
itary and police in Colombia had
even been told to intensify their
actions against the rebels.
Mr. Calarcá spoke to The Asso-
ciated Press in Havana, where
representatives of the FARC and
the Colombian government spent
six months working out an agree-
ment announced this week to for-
mally open peace talks on Oct. 8
in Oslo. Cuba, Venezuela and
Chile also are taking part.
A decade ago, peace negotia-
tions fell apart after Colombia
had ceded a large parcel of the
country as a haven for the FARC,
which used it as a base to contin-
ue waging war elsewhere, ex-
torting, kidnapping and traffick-
ing drugs.
Besides the cease-fire, the oth-
er issue that cast some doubt
over the talks before they even
started was the FARC’s surpris-
ing request to have an impris-
oned comrade, Ricardo Palmera,
take part.
Mr. Palmera is in a United
States prison serving 60 years for
his role in the abduction of three
Americans in Colombia.
But Mr. Calarcá seemed confi-
dent that something could be
worked out.
As for a truce, he said the
FARC was proposing it to avoid
further loss of life. “If we’re going
to talk, let’s not do more dam-
age,” he said. “If we’re inclined to
peace, let’s not do more damage.”
The conflict has cost tens of
thousands of lives, many of them
civilians, and has displaced
countless others.
Mr. Calarcá noted that the pre-
liminary accord included a call
for other armed groups like the
smaller guerrilla force known as
the National Liberation Army, or
E.L.N., to help bring about peace.
The E.L.N. has expressed a de-
sire to take part in any peace pro-
cess, and Mr. Santos has wel-
comed the idea.
Colombia’s Cease-Fire Refusal Won’t Halt Peace Talks, Rebels Say
The Times Book Review,
every Sunday
A6
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By CHOE SANG-HUN
S
EOUL
, South Korea
L
IKE so many South Korean parents at the
time, Shin Kyung-sook’s mother saw
education as her daughter’s best
chance of escaping poverty and backbreak-
ing work in the rice fields. So in 1978 she took
her 15-year-old daughter to Seoul, where Ms.
Shin would lie about her age to get a factory
job while attending high school at night to
pursue her dream of becoming a novelist. 
Seoul-bound trains at the time, like the
one mother and daughter boarded that
night, picked up many young rural South
Koreans along the way — part of the migra-
tion that fueled South Korea’s industrializa-
tion but forever changed its traditional fam-
ily life. 
It is that social upheaval that Ms. Shin
evoked in her most famous novel to date,
“Please Look After Mom,” which earned her
the 2011 Man Asian Literary Prize and a
commercial success attained by few other
Korean writers. (Sales in South Korea
passed two million this spring, and the book
has been published in 19 other countries, in-
cluding the United States.) 
That book and a more recent one, “I Will
Be Right There,” about friendship and love
set in the country’s political turmoil of the
1980s, are part of a body of work over three
decades that has set Ms. Shin apart as one of
the most accomplished chroniclers of mod-
ern South Korea.
“In her novels, readers have the chance to
pause and reflect upon the other side of their
society’s breakneck race for economic
growth, what they have lost in that pursuit
and upon people who were left behind in the
mad rush,” said Shin Soo-jeong, a professor
of Korean literature at Myongji University in
Seoul. 
In “Please Look After Mom,” an elderly
woman from the countryside travels to
Seoul to visit her adult children and gets lost
in what is quite literally a mad rush: the
scramble to get on a Seoul subway. Review-
ers have called her disappearance a meta-
phor for the profound sense of loss in a soci-
ety that hurtled from an agrarian dictator-
ship to an industrialized democracy within a
single and often tumultuous generation. 
That feeling has not overwhelmed South
Koreans’ pride in their country’s accom-
plishments, notably its rise from abject pov-
erty to the world’s 13th-largest economy.
But the sense of loss taps into a growing un-
ease over some of the costs of that success,
especially a widening gap between rich and
poor and a generation of elderly people left
largely to fend for themselves as their adult
children work in cities.
The filial guilt that suffuses the novel is
universal, but also has a particularly Korean
spin.
Until a generation ago in South Korea, at
least one adult child — usually the eldest son
and his family — lived with aging parents un-
til their deaths. Now, a growing number of
older people live alone in their rural villages
or in the nursing homes that are springing
up across the country. Often, they have little
money left, having invested their savings in
their children’s educations with the expecta-
tion that the children would prosper and
eventually care for them. 
The children, meanwhile, living in a hyper-
competitive society where people work some
of the longest hours in the world, often la-
ment that they are too harried to visit their
elderly parents. Many also fear using too
much vacation time, afraid of being seen as
disloyal to their companies.
I
Nwhat Ms. Shin says is probably the most
important sentence in her novel, the miss-
ing mother expresses what many guilt-
ridden readers imagine as their own moth-
ers’ sense of helplessness at having been ef-
fectively abandoned by their children. In a
scene in which the old woman imagines
meeting her own dead mother, she wonders:
“Did Mom know? That I, too, needed her my
entire life?” 
Ms. Shin’s life, which tracked the trajec-
tory of her country’s rise, prepared her well
for her role as an interpreter of her genera-
tion. Born in the countryside like so many
characters in her novels, Ms. Shin, 49, now
lives in an expensive residential district in
Seoul. Her husband is a college professor as
well as a poet and literary critic. They have
no children.
From an early age, she was a voracious
reader, hiding herself away with books her
elder brothers brought home. (She was the
fourth of six children.) By the time she was
15, she was increasingly certain she wanted
to write for a living.
After their arrival in Seoul on that night
train in 1978, her mother left her in the care of
an older brother in a crammed room in a
slum. While he worked in a government of-
fice by day and attended college at night, Ms.
Shin worked in an audio and television parts
factory and attended high school in the eve-
nings. 
She was one of the youngest employees in
the factory, where she witnessed the labor
discontent that sometimes rocked South Ko-
rea as its economy galloped ahead but many
workers toiled in sweatshop conditions. 
“The girl sitting next to me at the night
school had no fingerprints; she worked all
day wrapping candies in a confectionery,”
Ms. Shin said in an interview. “Most of my
classmates sent part of their meager wages
back home to support their little brothers’
and sisters’ education. When they came to
class, they were so tired most of them
dozed.” 
At her own factory, a clash involving one of
the country’s growing number of labor un-
ions turned violent as managers deployed
their own security guards, who joined with
the police in cracking down on workers or-
ganizing for higher pay and better condi-
tions.
Ms. Shin stayed inside, amid the idled con-
veyor belts, taking her mind off the mayhem
by copying a new novel about the urban poor
in longhand.
In the end, Ms. Shin was the only one in
her high school class to win admission to col-
lege, as a creative writing major. She eventu-
ally wrote about life at the factory in “A Lone
Room,” one of her most acclaimed novels. Its
French translation won the Prix de l’Inaper-
çu in 2009.
“I wonder what would have become of me
in those days if I hadn’t had the goal of be-
coming a writer to hang on to,” she said. “I
was determined that one day I would write
about what I saw and felt.”
F
OR several years after college, she sup-
ported her writing with odd jobs: writ-
ing scripts for a classical music radio
station and reading books to blind people.
But by 1993, she was successful enough to be
able to write novels and short stories full
time.
She also was able to fulfill a personal
promise: to repay her own mother’s sacri-
fices for her children. The day they went to
Seoul, she remembers, her mother’s face was
etched with weariness.
“I promised myself then that one day I
would write a beautiful book for Mom,” she
said.
That book, “Please Look After Mom,” so-
lidified her standing as one of South Korea’s
finest living novelists and won her accolades.
Her mother’s reaction was decidedly more
muted, typical of a generation of women who
pushed their children hard to succeed but
were accustomed to restraining their own
emotions, even when those children met or
exceeded their family’s high expectations. 
As Ms. Shin recounted, “She only said, ‘My
dear, you have done well.’”
“I wonder what would have become of me in those days if I
hadn’t had the goal of becoming a writer to hang on to.”
SHIN KYUNG-SOOK
JEAN CHUNG FOR THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE
THE SATURDAY PROFILE 
A Writer Evokes Loss on South Korea’s Path to Success
By IAN AUSTEN
QUEBEC — The host of the
election night victory party
where a gunman killed one per-
son and wounded another, appar-
ently as part of an attempted as-
sassination of Quebec’s premier-
designate, said that the police ig-
nored his warnings about securi-
ty deficiencies at the event.
In interviews with several Que-
bec news outlets, the host, Yves
Desgagnés, an actor and director,
said that security at a back door,
which the gunman tried to enter
before setting it on fire, appeared
to be “very weak.”
Speaking with the French serv-
ice of the Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation, Mr. Desgagnés said
that when he tried to raise his
concerns with officers from the
Sûreté du Québec, the provincial
force that is responsible for pro-
tecting politicians, they told him
“to mind my own business.”
Mr. Desgagnés has called for
an independent inquiry into the
force’s security policies.
Pauline Marois, the premier-
designate, was celebrating the
return to power of her separatist
Parti Québécois late Tuesday
night when a man shot and killed
a stagehand under a covered por-
tico at the rear of a Montreal con-
cert hall where the party was be-
ing held. He also shot and crit-
ically wounded a second man be-
fore setting fire to the rear door
using a flare and gasoline.
Several Canadian news outlets,
quoting witnesses, reported that
the man’s rifle had appeared to
jam, which seemed to cause him
to retreat. He was detained be-
hind the hall by two officers from
the Montreal police force who
happened to be nearby for unre-
lated reasons.
The Sûreté largely provides
police services outside the prov-
ince’s major cities, and its in-
vestigative techniques have often
been criticized in recent years.
After a meeting of North Ameri-
can leaders in Montebello, Que-
bec, in 2007, it was widely ac-
cused of trying to instigate vio-
lence after it was revealed that
three masked and boisterous pro-
testers captured on videotape, in-
cluding one holding a rock, were
undercover officers for the Sûre-
té. Clashes between members of
the Sûreté and students protest-
ing tuition increases this spring
were much more prone to vio-
lence than those involving the
Montreal police force. 
Several news media groups
have also criticized the Sûreté for
raiding the home of a reporter
from Le Journal de Montréal, a
French-language tabloid, after he
wrote about the lack of security
on medical records at four hospi-
tals. Last week, the newspaper
said it was suing the Sûreté for
$425,000 over the raid. In an in-
terview, Lt. Guy Lapointe, a
spokesman for the Sûreté, dis-
puted the validity of Mr. Des-
gagnés’s   security concerns. “I
can understand how he thought
there was a threat,” Lieutenant
Lapointe said. “But there were a
lot of officers he couldn’t see.”
While the rear door was very
close to the stage where Ms.
Marois was speaking — and from
which she was abruptly removed
by Sûreté officers — Lieutenant
Lapointe said that security cam-
eras indicate the gunman never
entered the building. 
On Thursday, the Quebec gov-
ernment said that the stagehand,
Denis Blanchette, 48, was killed
as he tried to stop the gunman
and will be given a special cere-
monial funeral.
As he was led away by the po-
lice, the shooting suspect, Rich-
ard H. Bain, who was wearing a
bathrobe at the time of his cap-
ture, shouted in French, the
“English are awakening.” 
Man Says He Questioned Safety Before Quebec Shooting 
JACQUES NADEAU/LE DEVOIR, VIA THE CANADIAN PRESS, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Richard H. Bain, the suspect in a shooting at an election night
victory party, arrived in court in Montreal on Thursday. 
By ISABEL KERSHNER
JERUSALEM — The instruc-
tions from the Israeli govern-
ment were clear in the hours af-
ter Palestinian terrorists killed
two Israeli athletes at the Munich
Summer Olympics in 1972, took
nine others hostage and demand-
ed the release of more than 200
Arab prisoners. 
“The Israeli government does
not negotiate with terrorists,”
read the urgent cable, marked
classified and sent to the Israeli
ambassador in Bonn, the capital
of what was then West Germany,
on Sept. 5, 1972. “The government
expects the German authorities
to do everything in their power to
rescue the hostages.”
But a German raid failed and
by the early hours of Sept. 6, the
hostages were shot dead, appar-
ently by one of their captors as
they sat, bound, in a helicopter
that was then blown up by a ter-
rorist grenade. One German po-
lice officer also died. That night,
according to a formerly top se-
cret document, Zvi Zamir, the
Mossad chief who witnessed the
botched rescue, told Prime Min-
ister Golda Meir and other top of-
ficials, “They didn’t make even a
minimal effort to save lives,
didn’t take even a minimal risk to
try to save the people, neither
theirs nor ours.” 
Now for the first time, these
and dozens more classified docu-
ments relating to the killing of
the athletes have been made pub-
lic after four decades left sitting
in cardboard boxes in the Israel
State Archives, the repository of
the country’s collective memory
and many of its secrets. Their
publication last week was timed
to coincide with the 40th anniver-
sary of the Munich massacre. 
Days later, capitalizing on the
publicity generated by the Mu-
nich files, the Israeli government
invited reporters for a rare tour
of the national archives. Staff
members presented the estab-
lishment as easy to use and tried
to dispel some of the mystery
that shrouds the institution —
though reporters were asked not
to disclose its location. 
The tour began in an unimpos-
ing building that houses the pub-
lic reading room, in an area of Je-
rusalem better known for low-
price supermarkets, furniture
stores and car repair shops. The
reporters were then escorted in
minibuses to the unmarked build-
ing that contains the files. No one
was blindfolded.
Here, roughly 300 million docu-
ments fill boxes neatly stacked
on gray metal shelves that, if laid
out in a line, would stretch for
about 28 miles. Established in
1949, some of the records go back
to periods before the state was
established, like population ledg-
ers from the period of Ottoman
rule.
Newer records pulled out of
storage for the visitors included
the handwritten manuscript, or
diary, that Adolf Eichmann, the
high-ranking Nazi who helped or-
chestrate the Holocaust, kept
during his two-year imprison-
ment and trial in Israel, before
his execution in 1962. Yossi Co-
hen, the manager of the archive,
said that Mr. Eichmann’s family
members had requested the dia-
ry but were given a photocopy. 
Mr. Cohen also produced a box
containing the Beretta pistol that
Yigal Amir used to assassinate
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in
1995, as well as the bullets re-
trieved from Mr. Rabin’s body
that had been modified by Mr.
Amir’s brother, Hagai, to make
them all the more lethal. 
The state archive works under
the auspices, though not the in-
structions, of the prime minis-
ter’s office, and it is regulated by
a 1955 law stipulating that the
minutes of ordinary cabinet
meetings are classified for 30
years. Material pertaining to se-
curity matters and meetings of
the security cabinet is classified
for 50 years, and anything per-
taining to the intelligence agen-
cies or to the personal affairs of
individuals for another 20 years
after that. 
Requests for early declassifica-
tion may be submitted and, in
consultation with the bodies the
documents pertain to, may be
granted if the material is deemed
in no way damaging to the coun-
try’s security or foreign relations.
“Our duty is not only to safe-
guard the historical materials in
a passive way,” said Ruti Avra-
movitz, the deputy archivist, “but
also to see to it that the public,
whom we serve, should know
about these materials and make
use of them.”
The state archivists are press-
ing ahead with a substantial
scanning project so that declassi-
fied documents can be accessible
to the public with a click of the
mouse. Further shaking off the
musty image of the institution, its
Web site provides links to its
Facebook   page, its YouTube
channel and its own blog.
But the openness has its limits.
Even after the classification peri-
od of a particular document is
over and technically it can be
published, said the chief archivist
Yaacov Lozowick, “We may read
it and decide that it can’t.”
In the case of the Munich files,
the archivists said that the prime
minister’s office turned down a
request for early declassification
of the minutes of the security
cabinet meetings from the time.
The popular newspaper Yediot
Aharonot wrote that the publica-
tion of the rest of the Munich files
followed months of negotiations
involving the newspaper, the
state archivists and the prime
minister’s office. It added that
Prime Minister Benjamin Netan-
yahu had opposed early declassi-
fication of the security cabinet
discussions on the grounds that
the sharp criticism of Germany
contained might harm Israeli-
German relations.
An official in the prime min-
ister’s office, who was not au-
thorized to discuss the issue pub-
licly, said that a decision was tak-
en to stick to the regulations re-
garding the release of the Munich
documents and that those deal-
ing with the issue had not been
guided by diplomatic consider-
ations. Germany has opened its
Munich files and the German
newsmagazine Der Spiegel has
published its own revelations, in-
cluding a recent article based on
documents suggesting that Ger-
many maintained secret contacts
with the Palestinian organizers of
the massacre for years after the
attack.
For many here, the depiction of
the actions of the German au-
thorities reflected in the 1972 doc-
uments that Israel did allow to be
published was harsh enough. 
Along with some heated dis-
cussions and reports about the
shortcomings of Israel’s own in-
telligence agencies and their fail-
ure to protect the athletes, the
documents revealed details of the
fraught communications in the
midst of the episode, including
with American officials, over
whether that summer’s Olympic
Games should be suspended or
even canceled. 
One cable from the Israeli Em-
bassy in Bonn, recently taken
from its box at the archives, of-
fered another tantalizing insight,
not just into the circumstances
surrounding the Munich massa-
cre, but also into what other se-
crets may be waiting. The widely
reported document said that the
Olympic Committee and the West
German authorities had initially
decided not to stop the Games be-
cause a suspension could disrupt
police operations — and because
“German television has no al-
ternative programming.”
DPA/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
The Israeli Olympic team in Munich in 1972. Members were
later taken hostage by Palestinian terrorists and then killed. 
From Israel’s Archives,
Papers on Munich Killings
A critique of the
German authorities
in the 1972 deaths of
athletes. 
An establishment’s
records go back to
before Israel became
a nation. 
N
A7
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By LIZ ALDERMAN
PARIS — Samir Chaffar shook
his head slowly on a recent week-
day as he scanned a raft of news-
papers at a kiosk near the
Louvre. 
President François Hollande
was preparing to cut 33 billion
euros, or $42 billion, from the
budget to keep the euro crisis
from infecting France, the head-
lines read. How would the French
withstand it, demanded Mr. Chaf-
far, a plumber whose business
has slowed, when the economy
was already stagnant and unem-
ployment was at 10 percent, a 10-
year high?
“When Hollande places auster-
ity on us,” Mr. Chaffar said an-
grily, “things will get worse.”
Mr. Hollande has reached a
pivotal moment as the Conti-
nent’s debt crisis flares anew. He
is pledging to push the country’s
deficit down to 3 percent of gross
domestic product by the end of
next year, to adhere to the rules
of euro zone membership and
prevent the nation from getting
caught up in the currency’s latest
troubles. 
But as a Socialist president
who ran a campaign that opposed
austerity, Mr. Hollande is facing
rising discontent as he prepares
to assemble the package of tax in-
creases and spending cuts re-
quired for that effort. How he
fares could very well determine
whether the ailing French econ-
omy succumbs to a spiral of de-
cline the way other euro zone
countries have.
Mr. Hollande has upset busi-
ness leaders with his proposed
tax increases — in a country
where it is already seen as ex-
pensive to do business. Political
parties are bickering about the 3
percent deficit limit. And econo-
mists say they will not be sur-
prised if people take to the
streets soon if Mr. Hollande bites
into the economy too deeply. 
“France is really at a cross-
roads,” said Jean-Paul Fitoussi, a
professor of economics at the
Institut d’Études Politiques de
Paris. “There’s no sure answer as
to whether France will escape the
crisis.
“If there is social unrest, then
market sentiment will change,”
Professor Fitoussi said. “If the
policies cause growth to slow
even more, market sentiment
will change, too.”
On Friday, Mr. Hollande said
the stagnant economy, which has
been at a standstill for three
quarters, made it imperative to
cut the budget, and that better fi-
nances would restore growth.
“This will be the biggest effort
in 30 years,” he said. Just where
the biggest cuts might come is
unclear, and anxiety is building. 
On Sunday, Mr. Hollande is ex-
pected to outline his plan in a 20-
minute television interview. But
there are growing doubts about
him and his team. On Friday, the
newspapers Le Monde and Le Fi-
garo both took note of “Hollande
bashing” on the left and right of
French politics and the news me-
dia.
The risks are not merely politi-
cal. If spending cuts lead to a
weaker economy, the resulting
decline in tax revenue could
make the budget-cutting task
that much harder. The French
government has said the deficit-
reduction target could rise to as
much as $56.3 billion if the econ-
omy expands only 0.5 percent
next year, as many economists
now predict, instead of the 1.2
percent forecast.
The problem is by no means as
daunting as that facing the shaky
coalition government in Greece,
where tensions have reignited at
the prospect of further cuts in the
teeth of a five-year recession and
23 percent unemployment.
But the challenges are none-
theless formidable for Mr. Hol-
lande, who presides over a coun-
try where government expendi-
tures are more than 56 percent of
gross domestic product, one of
the highest ratios in the euro
zone.
He has insisted that the cuts
will done in a “prudent” and
“honest” way that will not hurt
the economy or break his pledge
to shield the French people from
austerity.
To give himself eventual cover
for painful measures against mid-
dle-class benefits, Mr. Hollande’s
initial focus has been on tax in-
creases, mainly for companies
and the rich.
The government has already
identified about $9 billion worth
of savings, mostly by closing
about 500 tax loopholes and in-
creasing taxes on dividends and
stock options. 
That aims to get the deficit
from 5.2 to 4.5 percent by the end
of the year. To get it to the neces-
sary 3 percent, more tax in-
creases will be proposed, includ-
ing a 75 percent marginal income
tax on income above 1 million
euros, $1.3 million, and a “social
tax” on a wide variety of income
to help pay for the health care
system.
The government has rejected
imposing a value-added tax on
items like food products pro-
posed by Mr. Hollande’s prede-
cessor, Nicolas Sarkozy, saying
the effect on those at the margins
of society — who spend most of
their money on consumables —
would be too large.
So far, Mr. Hollande is sticking
with promises to create up to
60,000 new teaching jobs without
increasing the public payroll, and
is not planning to touch the edu-
cation budget. Layoffs in the po-
lice and justice services have
been mostly ruled out.
Critics say he needs to negoti-
ate more strongly with the un-
ions, for instance, to try to reduce
labor costs in a way that would
make France more attractive to
business investments.
But the finance minister,
Pierre Moscovici, recently dis-
couraged the notion of labor
moves, saying the government
would focus instead on investing
in innovation and research and
other ways of financing the econ-
omy. “The question of labor costs
is not the alpha and omega of
what needs to be done,” he said in
a recent interview with the
French business newspaper Les
Echos. 
Rising Anxieties as France Prepares for Budget Cuts
PHILIPPE WOJAZER/REUTERS
President François Hollande visited the Evian water bottling
plant on Friday. Businesses are upset at planned tax increases.
A leader who
campaigned against
austerity gets ready
to deliver a dose.
ister Mario Monti, a respected
economist, had been pushing for
a European Central Bank pro-
gram as a safety net. But he is
loath to accept the terms that
might now be required because
of their potential to choke off eco-
nomic growth and because of Ita-
ly’s own complicated political
scene. The country’s ruling politi-
cal parties, which support Mr.
Monti for now, are rapidly losing
popularity to anti-euro populist
forces as national elections ap-
proach next spring. 
At the same time, some Ital-
ians would welcome the idea of
the Central Bank’s conditions as
a way of forcing change through
the sclerotic Italian political sys-
tem. But there is considerable un-
certainty about what kinds of
conditions would be required in
return for the new program, and
Mr. Draghi made it clear that
there would be different condi-
tions for different countries.
In part to reassure the Ger-
mans, Mr. Draghi said that the
bank’s new willingness to buy
bonds of countries facing market
speculation would be dependent
on “conditionality” — working
out a program of structural and
economic change with experts
from the European Central Bank,
the European Union and the In-
ternational Monetary Fund, the
so-called troika that has ar-
ranged full bailout programs for
Greece, Ireland and Portugal.
But when asked how condition-
ality would be defined, Mr.
Draghi was deliberately vague.
There is a further uncertainty
about the survival of the euro
zone, which the Central Bank is
mandated to defend. Once the
Central Bank loads up further on
Spanish and Italian bonds — it
has already bought more than
200 billion euros ($256 billion) of
European bonds, including 50 bil-
lion euros   ($64 billion)    from
Greece — it will find it very diffi-
cult to stop its bond buying even
if countries do not keep to their
promises of reform. To do so
would be a form of suicide, be-
cause it could set off market pan-
ic and force countries to exit the
euro, beginning a process with no
clear end.
But to numerous Europeans in
countries with economic prob-
lems, from Greece and Italy to
Portugal and Spain, there also
seems to be no end to hard times.
“I’m pretty convinced that Ita-
ly will apply for aid from the
E.C.B sooner or later, and we’ll
work just to repay the money
that the Germans lent us,” said
Gianluca Braia, 40, a Roman who
lost his job at a food company
that outsourced his work. “I’m
happy that Monti is prime min-
ister,” he added, “but the music
changes little for us citizens.”
After Initial Fanfare, Plan
By Bank Draws Detractors
SUSANA VERA/REUTERS
A man shopped at a Madrid grocery store at a time when tax
rates on Spanish goods and services have increased sharply.
Reporting was contributed by
Landon Thomas Jr. and Stephen
Castle from London, Rachel
Donadio and Gaia Pianigiani
from Rome, Melissa Eddy from
Berlin, and Raphael Minder from
Madrid. 
From Page A4
EUROPE
Italy: Dozens Missing After Migrants’ Boat Sinks
Rescue teams on Friday were searching the waters off a southern Ital-
ian islet for survivors of a boat loaded with migrants that apparently
ran into difficulties a day earlier while crossing from Africa. Italian and
NATO crews rescued 56 people and recovered one body, but passengers
on the craft said that dozens of people were missing. Survivors have
given different figures for the number of passengers, so “it’s unclear
how many were on the boat,” said Cmdr. Filippo Marini, a spokesman
for the Italian Coast Guard. Initial reports suggested that the migrants
were Tunisian, he said. Some were rescued at sea, and others managed
to swim to the small islet of Lampione, south of Sicily. Prosecutors in
Sicily have opened an investigation, the news agency ANSA reported.
According to Amnesty International, about 1,500 migrants drowned in
2011 trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe. 
ELISABETTA POVOLEDO
Britain: Prince Harry Begins New Afghan Deployment
Three weeks after making headlines with a game of strip billiards with
a group of women in a Las Vegas hotel suite, Prince Harry, third in line
to the British throne, has begun a four-month deployment to Afghani-
stan as the co-pilot and weapons officer of an Apache attack helicopter.
The 27-year-old prince joined his unit of the Army Air Corps at Camp
Bastion in Helmand Province, where he will fly combat missions
against the Taliban. His previous service in Afghanistan was in 2007
and 2008, when he served 10 weeks as a forward air traffic controller,
helping direct strikes on the Taliban. The Apache deployment was one
he had lobbied strongly for with British defense chiefs. 
JOHNF.BURNS
MIDDLE EAST
Iraq: Multiple Bombings Kill 8 at Mosques in Kirkuk
Three separate bomb attacks against Shiite mosques in the northern
city of Kirkuk killed eight civilians on Friday and wounded 70 others,
the police said. The attacks took place as worshipers were leaving the
mosques, said the Kirkuk police commander, Brig. Gen. Sarhad Qadir.
He said the deadliest attack occurred when a parked car bomb went off
in Kirkuk’s southern Domiz area. A second bomb exploded after the po-
lice and rescuers rushed to the scene. Those explosions killed a total of
eight people and wounded 36. At two other mosques in the center of the
city, three bombs wounded 34 people. 
(AP)
AFRICA
Kenya: Clashes Over Land and Water Leave 12 Dead
Fighting between cattle herders and farmers over land and water killed
12 people on Friday in a southeastern region, the Kenya Red Cross said.
The Red Cross said 10 other people were wounded in the fighting in the
Tana River delta region, near where more than 52 Orma cattle herders
were killed late last month by Pokomo farmers. Mohammed Morowa, a
Pokomo, said that 11 of those killed in the attack on Friday were his rela-
tives and that the killings were retaliation by the Orma for the massacre
last month. 
(AP)
ASIA
Myanmar: Parliament Passes Foreign Investment Law
Parliament adopted a foreign direct investment law on Friday that ana-
lysts say is crucial to the government’s ambitious plans for economic
expansion. The law drops several provisions in the original draft that
had raised fears it could deter investors. The law was seen as one of
Parliament’s most urgent tasks and was passed on the last day of its
current session. One proposal dropped from the law would have re-
quired a $5 million minimum initial investment outlay. The final version
also allows foreign parties to hold a 50 percent stake in joint ventures
rather than limiting them to a proposed 49 percent. 
(AP)
World Briefing 
By DAMIEN CAVE
MEXICO CITY — Seeking bet-
ter controls for its militarized ap-
proach to combating drugs in
Central America, the United
States has suspended all sharing
of radar intelligence with Hondu-
ras after the Honduran Air Force
shot down two planes that might
have been carrying drugs in July,
American officials said Friday.
The indefinite suspension rep-
resents a significant shift for
what American officials had pre-
viously described as a model of
international cooperation in the
war on drugs. American officials
say they are trying to establish
stricter protocols to prevent rash
unilateral action. 
“We are reviewing the pro-
cedures regarding cooperation
for interdiction between the Unit-
ed States and Honduras,” said
William Ostick, a State Depart-
ment spokesman. “We are doing
a complete review.” 
The attacks were not previ-
ously disclosed by American offi-
cials, who said Friday that they
had taken place off the northern
Honduran coast, a common route
for cocaine traffickers. The offi-
cials said that American agents
had not investigated the crash
sites and did not know who or
what had been aboard. 
Insisting that no Americans
were involved, the officials said
the Honduran Air Force’s actions
violated a bilateral agreement,
which prohibits attacks on civil-
ian aircraft. Mr. Ostick said that
after the downings occurred, the
American ambassador “ex-
pressed grave concern” and re-
quested a full accounting. 
Mr. Ostick said the United
States would continue to keep its
radar intelligence to itself until
Honduras put in place “remedial
measures” that would prevent
similar episodes. 
It is unclear what those meas-
ures might be. Nor is it clear
whether the suspension repre-
sents a larger break with a policy
of more direct involvement in
Honduras, where the American
military has recently built a num-
ber of bases for drug interdiction.
Since then, American agents and
the Honduran authorities have
seized several tons of cocaine but
have also been involved in con-
troversial shootings. 
Analysts said the attacks on
the planes might  have forced
American officials to relearn les-
sons from the past about the
risks of antidrug operations that
sidestep broader reforms. 
“It reflects the institutional cul-
ture; these are the good guys,”
said Geoff Thale, program direc-
tor for the Washington Office on
Latin America. “And then the
Americans get burned because
the corruption is far deeper than
they thought.” 
U.S. Suspends Its Antidrug Radar-Sharing With Honduras 
Charlie Savage contributed re-
porting from Washington. 
A8
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By JANE PERLEZ
BEIJING — A series of earth-
quakes shook two rural provinces
in southwest China  on Friday,
killing at least 64 people and de-
stroying more than 6,600 homes,
provincial authorities said. 
The tremors hit Yunnan Prov-
ince and adjoining Guizhou Prov-
ince, both agricultural areas pop-
ulated by some of China’s poorest
people. The strongest earthquake
had a magnitude of 5.7, according
to the China Earthquake Net-
works Center. 
More than 200,000 people were
evacuated from their homes in
Yunnan, a province known for its
scenic beauty and ethnic diversi-
ty, said the Yunnan Provincial
Civil Affairs Bureau. Prime Min-
ister Wen Jiabao flew to the
earthquake zone on Friday
evening.
In the town of Luozehe, a rice-
and tobacco-growing area in
northeastern Yunnan, 46 people
were killed, according to Qiu Yu,
an official with the civil affairs
bureau. More than 700 people
were injured and more than
120,000 homes seriously dam-
aged, Mr. Qiu said. 
The earthquake was so violent
that rocks from landslides
crushed cars in Luozehe, a water
company worker, Tan Xuewen,
said in a telephone interview.
“Suddenly we felt the strong
earthquake,” Mr. Tan said. “Huge
rocks fell off the mountain. I im-
mediately grabbed an old person
and began to run.” 
The local government authori-
ties ordered people out of their
homes, which are spread across
the hills of a mountain valley, and
told them to gather in the public
square. 
At a tiny primary school in
Luozehe, the teacher, Ma Decai,
said his 11 students, ages 9 to 12,
were eating lunch in the dining
room when the earthquake hit. 
“Dirt dropped from the ceiling
into our bowls and cooking pots,”
Mr. Ma said. The students aban-
doned their meals and ran out of
the room, he said. As he tried to
prepare a new lunch for the stu-
dents, aftershocks struck the
building. 
Large cracks appeared in the
mud and stone schoolhouse, and
the toilet collapsed. “Workers
used steel in the construction, but
they cut corners,” Mr. Ma said.
“It’s not safe.” 
In neighboring Guizhou Prov-
ince, the authorities said they
knew of no casualties. But homes
in rural Guizhou, often built of
wood and mud, are usually con-
structed on hillsides, and pro-
vincial authorities said some
homes had been damaged or de-
stroyed. 
Tents, blankets and coats were
being sent to the region, the offi-
cial Xinhua news agency said. 
Guizhou, an area of rice farms
and coal mines, is also undergo-
ing major development, with
hundreds of millions of dollars
pumped into the province in the
last year to build roads, bridges
and industrial zones. It was not
immediately known if any of the
new projects were damaged by
the earthquake.
In 2008, a severe earthquake
struck Sichuan Province, north of
Yunnan, killing nearly 90,000 peo-
ple. Shoddy construction was
blamed for many of the deaths.
REUTERS
Soldiers led residents and carried children after earthquakes hit Yunnan Province and adjoining Guizhou Province on Friday. At least 64 people died, officials said.
Series of Deadly Earthquakes Rattle 2 Rural Chinese Provinces
COLOR CHINA PHOTO, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
People ran away as rocks fell near their vehicles after the
quakes. Officials said more than 6,600 homes were destroyed.
Patrick Zuo contributed research. 
By DECLAN WALSH 
and SALMAN MASOOD
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — A
judge in Pakistan granted bail on
Friday to a Christian girl ac-
cused of burning a religious text-
book, a significant step in a con-
troversy that has renewed scru-
tiny of the country’s blasphemy
laws.
After a lengthy hearing with
heated arguments, Justice Mu-
hammad Azam Khan ordered
that the girl, Rimsha Masih, be
released on bail of one million ru-
pees, or $10,500, sparing her what
could have been months in a no-
torious high-security facility
waiting for her case to come to
trial. Her lawyer said he expect-
ed her to be released by Saturday
evening. 
Ms. Masih, who comes from a
family of sweepers  — work
shunned by Muslims but com-
mon among poor Christians —
has been detained in a high-secu-
rity prison since mid-August,
when Muslim neighbors in her Is-
lamabad suburb accused her of
burning a textbook used to teach
the Koran to small children. 
In his detailed ruling published
later Friday, Justice Khan upheld
the findings of a medical report
that put Ms. Masih at 14 years old
and found that her mental capaci-
ties were not commensurate with
her age. The prosecution had
challenged the report, claiming
she was 16 and not developmen-
tally disabled. 
Campaigners called on the po-
lice to drop the charges entirely,
because Ms. Masih is a minor.
“The police should come forward
and say there is no case, and that
there will be no trial,” said Asma
Jahangir, the country’s most
prominent human rights lawyer. 
The case has come to repre-
sent what many see as the
abuses carried out in the name of
Pakistan’s colonial-era blas-
phemy laws, which critics say are
often used to intimidate members
of minority groups. Ms. Masih
was jailed after hundreds of Mus-
lims protested outside her local
police station at the instigation of
a cleric, Muhammad Khalid
Chishti,who said she should face
the full force of the law — includ-
ing, possibly, the death penalty. 
This week, the police detained
Mr. Chishti on suspicion that he
planted pages from the Koran on
Ms. Masih.Calls for the case to
be dropped have grown.
Outside the courtroom on Fri-
day, a group of children with
Down syndrome held a banner
that read, “We want to meet
Down syndrome girl Rimsha.” In-
side, lawyers made long and
often fiery arguments that, at one
point, prompted the judge to ask
that decorum be respected.
Ms. Masih’s lawyers said the
blasphemy charge was a ruse on
the part of a local “land mafia,”
with the goal of evicting up to 400
Christian families from her
neighborhood. 
Munir Jafferi, a police officer,
told the court that Mr. Chishti
had added two pages of the Ko-
ran to a bundle of already burned
pages from the religious textbook
in an effort to bolster the evi-
dence against Ms. Masih. 
Days earlier, Mr. Jafferi said,
some Muslims in the locality had
objected to Christians’ playing
music during religious services.
During Friday Prayer, Mr. Chish-
ti “asked the landlord to evict the
Christians from the neighbor-
hood,” he said. 
Human Rights Watch wel-
comed the ruling in a statement
on Friday. “The fact is that this
child should not have been be-
hind bars at all,” it said. 
An international advocacy or-
ganization, Avaaz, said it had
gathered more than a million sig-
natures from around the world in
support of Ms. Masih. 
After the hearing Friday, Rao
Abdur Raheem, the prosecution
lawyer, said he accepted the
judge’s order as a conscientious
Pakistani citizen. 
“The accused and the co-ac-
cused are both Pakistanis,” he
said. “Rimsha had an allegation
against her. She is welcome to go
back to her home.” 
Growing calls for
prosecutors to drop a
case against a young
Christian girl.
Bail for Girl
In Pakistan
Facing Charge
Of Blasphemy
Release Is Expected
In the Coming Days
By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
BEIRUT, Lebanon — Syrian
rebels claimed Friday night that
they had freed 350 prisoners held
in a security building in the divid-
ed city of Aleppo, while in the op-
position stronghold of Homs the
rebels’ supporters held a public
protest against the disorganiza-
tion and lack of unity among their
forces.
Taken together, the develop-
ments amounted to a rare break-
through but also a sign of strain
for the armed opposition, as the
18-month uprising against Presi-
dent Bashar al-Assad appeared
to settle into a protracted stale-
mate, with his forces having the
advantage in military might, but
being unable to stamp out the in-
surrection.
A rebel assault on Aleppo that
has lasted for weeks appears to
have stalled in the face of the Syr-
ian military’s artillery and air
power, but rebels there said that
after a daylong battle they had
captured a military headquarters
in the neighborhood of Hanano
with the 350 captives inside. The
rebels called them political pris-
oners. 
The Syrian Observatory for
Human Rights, an opposition
group based in Britain that tracks
the violence, said 4 opposition
fighters died in the attack and at
least 18 government soldiers
were killed. Because Syria bars
most foreign journalists from the
country, those accounts could not
be confirmed independently.
While the fighters in Aleppo
struggled to advance in block-by-
block combat, opposition sup-
porters in Homs, one of the first
cities to rise up, were holding
what some called the first protest
against the fractious alliance of
rebel brigades known as the Free
Syrian Army.
“Instead of calling for the fall of
the regime, we are protesting to-
day to call for the unification of
the Free Syrian Army,” said an
activist in Homs who would allow
the use of only his first name,
Mohamed, because of fears for
his safety and that of his family. 
“It’s humiliating,” he said over
an Internet connection, with the
chants of demonstrators ringing
in the background. 
As an example of the rebels’
lack of coordination, Mohamed
recounted the story of an initially
successful assault three days ago
on three government check-
points. The fighters captured the
checkpoints, made off with weap-
ons and ammunition, but failed to
leave anyone to guard the posi-
tions. 
“How could they do something
like that?” he asked. “The regime
forces came back and seized back
the checkpoints. But if the Free
Syrian Army were united, we
wouldn’t make such a horrible
mistake.”
“It is really a shame that after
Homs was called the capital of
the revolution, Homs no longer
deserves this name,” Mohamed
added. “Hundreds of families liv-
ing under the siege here have
been so disappointed.” 
In Damascus, the capital, two
bombs killed at least six of Mr.
Assad’s security officers and al-
lied militiamen, known as the
shabiha.
The first bomb was detonated
around the end of Friday Prayer
near a group of about 50 police of-
ficers and shabiha who had gath-
ered outside a mosque in the
neighborhood of Ruknideen to
deter any demonstrations by
worshipers leaving a mosque,
witnesses said. State news media
said the bomb had been planted
on a moped, and the explosion
killed six police officers and civil-
ians while wounding others. Syri-
an television showed a blood-
stained wall, crumpled vehicles
and rubble left by the blast.
“The car bombs and blasts
have become a daily thing in Da-
mascus and its suburbs,” said a
50-year-old resident of the neigh-
borhood nearby. “These blasts
and car bombs are the biggest
proof that the Assad regime no
longer has control on the
ground,” he said, speaking on the
condition of anonymity out of
safety concerns. “The regime
closes the city’s entrances to pre-
vent such an attack, but today’s
explosion proves there are sleep-
er cells inside the city that can
carry out any attack in any time.”
A second bomb exploded about
two hours later in a car in the up-
scale neighborhood of Mezzeh.
Syrian state news media said
that it went off on the street be-
tween the Information Ministry
and the Justice Ministry, and that
no fatalities were reported. 
The bomb exploded in a patrol
car,said a witness, who de-
scribed ambulances moving
wounded security men. But the
report of no deaths could not be
corroborated. Most of the capital
was under a tight lockdown, with
Syrian soldiers and tanks sur-
rounding the mosques in an at-
tempt to deter post-Friday Pray-
er demonstrations,and heavily
guarded checkpoints ringing the
city. 
Residents and opposition
groups reported shelling in the
area around the crowded Yar-
mouk camp for Palestinian refu-
gees, along with street fighting in
the neighborhoods of Bebila,
Kazaz and Tadamon as the mil-
itary continued its promised
drive to “cleanse” greater Da-
mascus of rebels.
But in some places, hundreds
of opposition supporters none-
theless held public rallies under
the protection of Free Syrian
Army fighters to demonstrate
their continued hold on at least a
handful of suburbs despite the
military’s campaign to uproot
them. After weeks of attacks by
both soldiers and aircraft, resi-
dents said that opposition fight-
ers still controlled a number of
pockets around the capital.
“The regime announced many
times that its forces will ‘purify’
or ‘cleanse’ or ‘liberate’ the Da-
mascus suburbs from the ‘armed
gangs,’” said a 28-year-old dem-
onstrator who gave his name as
Osama at a rally in the Al Hajar
Al Aswad neighborhood. “But the
regime lies in everything. The op-
position fighters are fighting in-
side the city of Damascus while
the Assad forces reattack the oth-
er districts with their tanks and
helicopters.”
Three United States senators
— John McCain, Republican of
Arizona;Lindsey Graham, Re-
publican of South Carolina;and
Joseph I.Lieberman, a Connecti-
cut independent — on Friday de-
clared their support for a pro-
posal from Turkey for Western
powers to create a protected buff-
er zone for the opposition within
Syria’s borders. The senators,
who were returning from a visit
to the region,said that as fighting
continued without Western sup-
port, militant Islamists were
more likely to gain power among
the opposition. 
“The opposition has effectively
seized control of a piece of land in
northern Syria,” The Associated
Press reported Mr. Lieberman as
saying.“If we help them protect
themselves from Assad’s helicop-
ters and fixed-wing aircraft,they
can establish a transitional gov-
ernment.” He said such a step
would allow exiled civilian oppo-
sition leaders to connect with
rebel fighters.
Mr. Lieberman expressed con-
fidence that if the Western pow-
ers warned the Assad govern-
ment that an attack on the safe
zone would be greeted with “a
vigorous response, they would
not attack it.”
Syrian Rebels Say They Freed 350 Prisoners, as Others Appeal for Unity
MUHAMMED MUHEISEN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Syrian girls whose families have fled the fighting played with an even younger refugee on Friday,
at a border crossing near Azaz, Syria. Many there seek to go to refugee camps in Turkey. 
Hwaida Saad contributed report-
ing from Beirut, and an employee
of The New York Times from Da-
mascus, Syria. 
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
A9
N
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
DOUG MILLS/THE NEW YORK TIMES
ON THE ROAD AFTER THE CONVENTIONS
President Obama on Friday in New Hampshire, one of the tossup states in an election that is less than two months away. Mitt
Romney made a stop in the state later in the day, and both men campaigned in Iowa, one of the other battlegrounds. 
By ADAM NAGOURNEY
CHARLOTTE, N.C. — The goal of
the Democratic convention was to
draw a sharp contrast between the
visions offered by President Obama
and Mitt Romney, promote a first-
term record that many Democrats
feel Mr. Obama has failed to articu-
late and persuade nervous Ameri-
cans to stick with this president
through tough times.
For Republicans, the goal of their
convention was to flesh out a candi-
date who had been caricatured as
bloodless, portray Mr. Obama as out
of his depth and make voters who
supported Mr. Obama in 2008 com-
fortable with leaving him in Novem-
ber for a lesser-known opponent.
As Democrats left here on Friday,
the emerging consensus was that
Mr. Obama had gone further in
meeting the goals. 
But even as the grading begins,
the overriding question might be
how much these conventions mat-
tered. There is growing evidence
that this year more than ever, the po-
litical significance of these extrava-
gant and costly events was on the
decline, just another in an ever-
growing vortex of forces that help
shape the election. 
“There was a day where these
conventions were covered much
more intensively, there was less to
watch on TV and voters were more
open,” said David Axelrod, a senior
adviser to Mr. Obama. “But now, by
the time the conventions took place,
90 percent of voters are locked in.”
Mr. Axelrod said the conventions
had become “much more marginal
than they once were” and were now
much less about reaching undecided
voters, since so few watch, and more
of a pep rally to motivate the base.
That is no small thing, he said, but
certainly far short of the significance
that conventions once held.
Stuart Stevens, Mr. Axelrod’s
counterpart in the Romney cam-
paign, said conventions offered the
party a platform to make its case but
long ago lost their potential to “sling-
shot you forward.”
“One thing about this race that I
kept muttering about even before
the conventions is that more ads
have been run this year before the
convention even started than were
run in all of ’08,” Mr. Stevens said.
When measured by viewership
and the number of prime-time hours
that the networks devote to them,
the conventions have been on the
wane since the days when there
were actually contested battles on
the floor for the nomination. But
changes in campaigns over the past
four years have hastened their slide.
Voters in swing states have al-
ready been inundated with months
of commercials from the Obama
campaign, which decided to start ad-
vertising early, and from independ-
ent committees supporting Mr. Rom-
ney, not to mention 24-hour cable
news coverage, delivered with a par-
tisan tone by some networks. 
After all that, there is little in the
conventions, which themselves re-
semble elongated advertisements, to
draw viewers’ interest or provide
them with information that could
sway their opinions.
Since 2004, conventions have tak-
en place later in the season, and the
practice of separating them by a few
weeks has long fallen by the way-
side. That created a 10-day blur of
convention coverage, challenging
campaign officials who are looking
for some way to break through. And
by Labor Day, the holiday that sepa-
rated the two conventions this year,
voters are much further along the
decision-making track and, particu-
larly in swing states, are awash in in-
formation about the candidates.
“I think they have absolutely no
impact on election results whatso-
ever,” said Allan J. Lichtman, a histo-
ry professor at American University
in Washington. “And people are
catching on these conventions don’t
matter. They are just daylong info-
mercials. People are beginning to re-
alize that.”
Chris Lehane, who helped oversee
the 2000 Democratic convention for
Al Gore, said candidates had not ex-
perienced any real lift in polls from
these gatherings at least since 2004. 
“The conventions are watched by
far less people, and the press covers
them in a far more critical and skep-
tical fashion,” Mr. Lehane said.
“They are akin to a political appen-
dix. They exist but do not serve the
purpose they were originally created
to serve, which was to truly nomi-
nate the ticket.”
There is a very narrow band of
voters who might genuinely be open 
POLITICAL MEMO 
Conventions DrawCrowds but Sway Few Voters
DAMON WINTER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The close of the Republican National Convention last week. Most voters have already made up their minds,
and there is an ever-growing vortex of forces that help shape the election amid the 24-hour news cycle.
Continued on Page A10
Daylong infomercials
that come when voters
are already inundated
with political ads.
By JEREMY W. PETERS
and HELENE COOPER
SIOUX CITY, Iowa — Mitt Romney’s
plane touched down here on Friday, and
with it arrived the beginning of what is
expected to be the most expensive and
intense political advertising war ever.
The Romney campaign has un-
leashed its first barrage of commercials
in Iowa and seven other battleground
states, a narrowly targeted effort that
underscores just how much money will
flood so few states in such a small
amount of time. It also presents a chal-
lenge to the Obama campaign, which
will be at a financial disadvantage. Mr.
Romney will spend $4.8 million for just
four days of advertising.
In Iowa — and in a handful of states
from Colorado and Nevada in the West
to New Hampshire and Virginia in the
East — the next two months before
Election Day will be a blur of television,
radio and Internet ads, campaign rallies
and endless unsolicited phone calls. 
Friday, the first real day of general
election campaigning, offered a preview
of what the race will look like over the
next few weeks — in all its relentless-
ness and fury.
As the morning newscasts were get-
ting under way with coverage of both
Mr. Obama’s speech to the Democratic
convention on Thursday night, and the
release of new, disappointing jobs num-
bers, the Romney campaign put its ads
on the air. 
They hammer the president with a
line of attack that Mr. Romney has
started making more forcefully in re-
cent days: that Mr. Obama’s policies
have failed to make the country better
off than it was four years ago, despite
what he and his allies might say.
For his part, with the convention over
Mr. Obama wasted no time crisscross-
ing the country. He and Mr. Romney
campaigned just hours apart in Iowa
and New Hampshire. Then the presi-
dent left for Florida, where he is going
on a bus tour this weekend.
Mr. Obama alluded to his financial
disadvantage while campaigning in
Portsmouth, N.H., with his wife, Mi-
chelle, and Vice President Joseph R. Bi-
Continued on Page A10
Race Is On
In Earnest
As Candidates
Hit the Road
Voters can expect a blur of
ads and a torrent of
unsolicited phone calls. 
A10
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
ELECTION
 
2012
By ADESHINA EMMANUEL
WASHINGTON — Ballots cast
in November will help decide
how the federal government con-
fronts the costs of college  and
what role the private sector plays
in higher education.
Both President Obama and
Mitt Romney tell students and
families that they understand the
financial strain caused by soar-
ing tuition and swelling student
debt, but they offer vastly differ-
ent solutions to the problem.
If re-elected, Mr. Obama says
he will try to defend the Pell
Grant program from budget cuts
and make sure that the amount of
the grants increases as sched-
uled next year. He would work to
extend a tax credit, set to expire
in January, that gives individuals
and families a tax break of up to
$10,000 over four years of college.
Mr. Obama would also push a
proposal   that would link some
federal aid to colleges’ success in
curbing tuition increases. 
In a second term, Mr. Obama
would continue a crackdown on
for-profit colleges that was begun
after investigations concluded
that many of them were charging
high tuition while producing low
graduation rates and inadequate-
ly preparing those who did grad-
uate for the workplace. The ad-
ministration has already barred
for-profit schools from tying bo-
nuses for recruiters to the num-
ber of students they enroll.
Mr. Romney’s policy proposals
for higher education reflect his
desire to reduce federal spending
to address budget deficits and to
shift more government functions
to the private sector.
A Romney education adviser,
Scott Fleming, said that in his
first year as president, Mr. Rom-
ney would work to make financial
aid available for students who
“need it most.” The implication is
that eligibility criteria would
tighten and assistance would be
available to fewer students. 
Mr. Romney’s running mate,
Representative Paul D. Ryan of
Wisconsin, is the author of the
House’s 2013 budget proposal,
which would freeze the maxi-
mum Pell grant at the current
amount, $5,500, for a decade, re-
duce the number of recipients
and let the tuition tax credit ex-
pire.
Mr. Fleming said that Mr.
Romney would also try to remove
what he considers incentives in
the federal financial aid system
that encourage institutions to
raise tuition. In addition, private
lenders and banks — rather than
the government — would return
to issuing federally subsidized
college loans. 
Mr. Fleming also said that Mr.
Romney would act quickly to
eliminate the Education Depart-
ment’s “gainful employment”
rule for college career programs.
The regulation, introduced last
year with for-profit colleges as
the primary target, withholds
grants and loans from institu-
tions that do not provide training
and credentials that translate to a
“recognizable” profession. It also
says that a college can qualify for
more federal money only if at
least 35 percent of its former stu-
dents are repaying their loans,
and it says that students’ annual
loan repayments cannot exceed
12 percent of their earnings.
The federal government’s role
in providing access to college and
regulating institutions has
evolved over the years. In 1965,
President Lyndon B. Johnson’s
Great Society programs included
the first version of the Higher
Education Act, which is responsi-
ble for the grant-centered ap-
proach to financing higher educa-
tion. The act, which expires at the
end of next year, created the Bas-
ic Educational Opportunity
Grant, later renamed in honor of
Senator Claiborne Pell, Democrat
of Rhode Island. Both of the next
two presidents, the Republicans
Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R.
Ford, faced Democratic superma-
jorities in Congress and contin-
ued to increase federal spending
on higher education. 
At the time Jimmy Carter took
office in 1977, the basic Pell grant
covered more than 70 percent of
the cost of attending a public
four-year college, which aver-
aged $2,145 a year, according to
the National Center for Educa-
tion Statistics. In 2011, the grants
covered less than a third of the
costs at these schools, where the
average cost of tuition, room and
board had climbed to almost
$16,000.
Republicans opposed the 1979
law that established the Educa-
tion Department but were help-
less to stop Mr. Carter and the
Democratic majorities in Con-
gress. The government’s role in
higher education was a target of
conservatives during President
Ronald Reagan’s two terms,
which started during a recession
and included a Republican major-
ity in the Senate for the first time
since the 1950s. Federal support
for grants leveled off amid huge
public spending cuts, and the vol-
ume of student loans started
climbing as students and families
borrowed more.
With the Senate and the House
under Republican control in
President Bill Clinton’s second
term, Pell grants were frozen at
$4,500 a year from 1997 to 2000.
The maximum grant was in-
creased under President George
W. Bush and the Republican ma-
jorities in the House and the Sen-
ate, but it was reduced in 2003 to
$4,050, where it remained until
2007. After winning a House ma-
jority in 2006, Democrats set their
sights on increasing financial aid
and lowering interest rates on
loans. Mr. Bush’s 2008 budget
again increased the amount of
Pell grants — a move viewed as a
response to pressure from Con-
gress. He also signed a measure
that lowered interest rates on
loans and cut subsidies to private
loan companies.
Most of Mr. Obama’s efforts on
college affordability occurred in
the first two years of his presi-
dency, before the Republicans
took control of the House in the
2010 elections. Democrats praise
Mr. Obama for increasing and ex-
panding federal financial aid, es-
tablishing the supremacy of fed-
eral direct loans while pushing
aside what he has called middle-
man lenders and banks, keeping
interest rates on loans low, re-
structuring repayments and tak-
ing a tough regulatory stance on
for-profit colleges. Some Demo-
crats also criticized the adminis-
tration for eliminating Pell grants
for summer courses.
Republicans, of course, grade
the president’s record more
harshly.
Mr. Romney argues that the
president has perpetuated a cy-
cle in which colleges raise tuition
prices and expect the govern-
ment to foot the bill with extra
aid.
Many educators and other
higher education experts say that
a cut in federal financial aid
would increase the burden on
students and families in the short
term, and that there is no hard
evidence that it would curb tu-
ition increases down the road.
Research shows a positive corre-
lation between need-based aid
like the Pell grant and college
completion.
But Mr. Obama and Mr. Rom-
ney have similar views in some
aspects of their higher education
platforms.
Both acknowledge that a tradi-
tional four-year degree is not the
only successful route. Both point
to the benefits of vocational train-
ing. Both candidates also seem to
agree that students and families
should have comprehensive,
transparent information about
the cost and value of college so
they can “shop around,” as Mr.
Romney put it.
And both men’s platforms do
not address several root causes
of high tuition increases, like di-
minished state financing to pub-
lic institutions, which are attend-
ed by 80 percent of college stu-
dents, and big spending by insti-
tutions competing for more pres-
tige.
The proportion of public col-
leges’ revenue from states was
38.3 percent in 1991 but fell to 24.4
percent by 2008, according to a
report from Demos, a policy
group in New York. State higher
education financing declined by
7.6 percent last school year, the
biggest drop in at least 50 years. 
Private Sector Role Is at Heart of Campaigns’ Split on College Costs 
Exploring the is-
sues in the 2012
campaign. To join the conversa-
tion, go to: 
theagenda.nytimes.com
The Agenda
den Jr. and his wife, Jill.
“You can’t give up on the idea
that your vote makes a differ-
ence,” Mr. Obama told the crowd.
“Because if you do give up then
the lobbyists and the special in-
terests, they’ll fill the void: The
folks who are writing the $10 mil-
lion checks, the folks running all
these super PAC ads.” 
Mr. Obama also took some
swipes at Mr. Romney and Re-
publicans, saying their criticisms
of him were merely a diversion
because they lacked a plan of
their own. 
“They want your vote, but they
don’t want to show you their
plan,” he said. “That’s because all
they’ve got to offer is the same
prescriptions that they’ve had for
the last 30 years — tax cuts, tax
cuts, gut some regulations, oh,
and more tax cuts. Tax cuts when
times are good; tax cuts when
times are bad. Tax cuts to help
you lose a few extra pounds. Tax
cuts to improve your love life. It
will cure anything, according to
them.” 
Mr. Romney’s campaign re-
leased 15 new ads in all, each fo-
cused on a specific state and the
issues most likely to resonate
with voters there.
In Florida, for example, people
will see commercials about fall-
ing real estate values and high
foreclosure rates. In Colorado,
where the military and its con-
tractors are large employers,
people will be told that the presi-
dent’s budget cuts could cost
20,000 military jobs there. 
And here in Iowa, ads will tell
voters how “excessive govern-
ment regulations are crushing
small businesses and family
farms.” 
Despite the differing mes-
sages, the ads open with the
same clip from Mr. Romney’s ac-
ceptance speech at the Repub-
lican National Convention. “This
president cannot tell us that
you’re better off today than when
he took office,” he is shown say-
ing.
The other states where the ads
will run until Tuesday — when
both candidates have agreed to
suspend their advertising for the
anniversary of the Sept. 11 at-
tacks — are Nevada, New Hamp-
shire, North Carolina, Ohio and
Virginia. 
The ads will help Mr. Romney
keep pace on the air with Mr.
Obama, who spent close to $50
million on television commercials
in the last month alone. 
Though Republican “super
PACs” gave him cover by show-
ing their own ads during the sum-
mer, Mr. Romney was limited by
campaign finance regulations
from spending his $185 million
war chest on advertising until he
officially became the nominee.
For the first time, Mr. Obama
will be at a direct spending disad-
vantage compared with Mr. Rom-
ney. As of the most recent re-
porting period, which counted
campaign account totals through
the end of July, Mr. Obama had
about $60 million less cash on
hand than his Republican rival. 
And the super PAC that sup-
ports him, Priorities USA Action,
has failed to raise money at the
same levels as its Republican
counterparts, which will continue
to inundate the airwaves with
ads. 
American Crossroads, the su-
per PAC founded by Karl Rove
and other top Republican strat-
egists, started a new $6.6 million
advertising campaign this week
with an ad that mocks the presi-
dent’s campaign slogan, “For-
ward.”
“President Obama says he’ll
move us forward. But where’s he
taken us so far?” asks an an-
nouncer before giving a list of
grim economic statistics.
The different targets of the
candidates’ ad campaigns show
how a race this tight could turn
on any number of issues or demo-
graphics. 
Both campaigns have pursued
carefully focused advertising
strategies, said Elizabeth Wilner
of Kantar Media’s Campaign Me-
dia Analysis Group.
“Obama’s advertising has tar-
geted by demographic: lots of
ads aimed at Latinos, women,
with ads about abortion-related
issues, young people with ads
about the cost of education, etc.,”
she said. “Romney’s advertising
is geo-targeting with economic is-
sues: housing in Florida, manu-
facturing in Ohio. And it’s a re-
flection of the broader situation.
In a nutshell, the economy favors
Romney. The demographics fa-
vor Obama.”
Race Is On
In Earnest
As Rivals
Hit Road
From Page A9
MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mitt Romney at a rally on Friday at Northwestern College in Orange City, Iowa. With the conventions over, he and President Obama stepped up their campaigns.
Jeremy W. Peters reported from
Sioux City, Iowa, and Helene Coo-
per from Iowa City. 
CHARLES KRUPA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Senator Claiborne Pell in 1995. President Obama and Repre-
sentative Paul D. Ryan disagree on increases in Pell grants.
to argument. But officials with
both campaigns said they were
concerned that the television au-
dience was made up overwhelm-
ingly of friendly crowds looking
to cheer on their team: Republi-
cans tuned in last week, and
Democrats this week.
More than anything, given the
fire hydrant spray of information
hitting voters from so many dif-
ferent sources, the half-life of
even the biggest events is dimin-
ishing. (Quick: What was the
theme of Mr. Romney’s accept-
ance speech last week?)
The discussion over whether
former President Bill Clinton had
bested Mr. Obama with his
speech flared just before mid-
night on Thursday and was gone
by Friday morning, as attention
turned to the latest round of em-
ployment figures. And all that
free advertising that Mr. Rom-
ney and Mr. Obama enjoyed at
their conventions is already be-
ing overwhelmed by the tidal
wave of campaign advertising by
Mr. Romney, coinciding with the
start of the general election cam-
paign.
This is not to say that conven-
tions have become complete rel-
ics. More than 35 million people
watched Mr. Obama’s speech,
and 30 million watched Mr. Rom-
ney, according to Nielsen rat-
ings; all three networks showed
the speeches. That is one of the
largest audiences that the two
men will get during this cam-
paign, and Mr. Axelrod said he
presumed that at least some of
the viewers had not made up
their minds.
And the reception inside the
hall was just as important, he
said. Rallying the party is critical
in a year like this. 
Even some Republicans said
Mr. Obama’s camp produced the
more effective convention, with
greater enthusiasm, more mem-
orable speeches and fewer mis-
haps.
“The Democrats did a far bet-
ter job at their convention than
the Republicans, with every-
thing, which is unusual, because
usually the Republicans did that
stuff better,” said Matthew
Dowd, who was the strategist in
the re-election campaign of Pres-
ident George W. Bush.
“The Republican convention in
every way felt old and back-
ward,” he said. “The Democratic
convention at least felt as if it
was in the 21st century.”
Conventions are also a fair
measure of basic campaign com-
petence. Even the best-planned
convention is going to have some
problems, and there was no ex-
ception here.
Mr. Obama had to intervene to
end an embarrassing platform
fight over recognizing Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel. And the
dominant memory of the Repub-
lican convention might not have
been the speech by Mr. Romney,
but rather the image of an actor
arguing with an empty chair on
the stage.
You do remember that, right?
POLITICAL MEMO 
Party Conventions Draw Crowds but Don’t Sway Many Voters
From Page A9
N
A11
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
..........................
It’s not quite “Mad Men
Missouri,” but a little drama is
playing out in a dispute be-
tween a beleaguered Senate
candidate and a television ad-
vertising sales department in
the state.
The candidate is Represent-
ative Todd Akin, below left,
who is already on the defen-
sive for remarks he made in
his campaign
against Sena-
tor Claire Mc-
Caskill, right.
The other is
KOMU, a Co-
lumbia, Mo.,
NBC affiliate,
which report-
ed that it had
pulled Mr. Akin’s ads midway
through their intended run be-
cause of an unpaid bill.
The report prompted ques-
tions about whether Mr. Akin
has the cash to go forward
with his bid. His campaign has
been operating without help
from national Republican
groups after he said on Aug. 19
that women’s bodies can pre-
vent pregnancy in cases of
“legitimate rape.” Party lead-
ers, including Mitt Romney,
have urged him to step aside.
But speculation that the
campaign is out of money are
“factually false,” said Rick Ty-
ler, a senior adviser to Mr.
Akin’s campaign. “In the last
18 days, we have raised over
$400,000 online alone,” Mr. Ty-
ler said. While he would not
say how much of that is in the
bank, he insisted the cam-
paign is not in debt.
As for the
ads, according
to Mr. Tyler,
the Akin cam-
paign booked,
and paid for,
half a week of
ads, thinking
they would
probably re-
up for the rest of the week.
And they did, he said — “but a
day later.” 
Tom Dugan, the general
sales manager at KOMU, said
the campaign booked a full
week of ads, but paid for only
half.
Both sides agree that after
KOMU’s news division ran an
article saying the ads had
been pulled because of lack of
payment, the Akin campaign
canceled its remaining pur-
chase. 
SARAHWHEATON
AD RUN CANCELED
Akin’s Finances in Question
..........................
BROOKLINE, Mass. —
Days after Joseph P. Kennedy
III stood in front of the Demo-
cratic National Convention to
offer a tribute to his great-un-
cle, Senator Edward M. Ken-
nedy, he found himself on a
smaller platform just outside
Boston, shaking hands with
commuters at a public transit
station here on the first day of
his general election campaign
in the Fourth Congressional
District of Massachusetts.
Mr. Kennedy, 31, handily
won his primarily election
here Thursday, taking 90 per-
cent of the vote in a contest
with two relatively unknown
rivals, Rachel Brown and
Herb Robinson, and once
again keeping the Kennedy
name prominent in Massachu-
setts politics.
A former assistant district
attorney and Peace Corps vol-
unteer, Mr. Kennedy is hoping
to take the seat occupied by
Barney Frank, who an-
nounced last fall that he would
retire after representing the
district for more than 30
years.
“Those are very, very, very
big shoes to fill,” said Bobbi
Fox, 58, a software engineer
who, like Mr. Frank, lives in
Newton, Mass., and was chat-
ting with Mr. Kennedy on Fri-
day evening. She plans to vote
for Mr. Kennedy, she says, but
said he still needed to prove
himself to voters who proba-
bly knew more about his fam-
ily than about him.
Mr. Kennedy’s challenger,
Sean Bielat, shares the senti-
ment. 
“Based on what I’ve seen
from his résumé, it’s pretty
thin,” said Mr. Bielat, who de-
feated Elizabeth Childs, a for-
mer state health commission-
er, and David Steinhof, a den-
tist, in the Republican prima-
ry.
Mr. Bielat, 37, a business-
man and a former Marine, ran
an aggressive race against
Mr. Frank in 2010. 
JESS BIDGOOD
FAMILY TRADITIONS 
A Kennedy Wins a Primary
The online version of The Caucus, a blog looking at the latest
political news from around the country:
nytimes.com/politics
the aisle, who found its free-
wheeling style out of sync
with the traditions of political
conventions.
Mr. Eastwood said that the
Romney campaign had sought
details about what he would
say, but that he had balked at
the notion of divulging too
much or rehearsing.
“They vet most of the peo-
ple, but I told them, ‘You can’t
do that with me, because I
don’t know what I’m going to
say,’” Mr. Eastwood told The
Pine Cone, of Carmel-by-the-
Sea, Calif.
MICHAEL BARBARO
Clint Eastwood said the
idea for the most controver-
sial convention speech in a
generation came to him in the
green room, just after he
greeted Archbishop Timothy
M. Dolan.
“There was a stool there,
and some fellow kept asking
me if I wanted to sit down,”
Mr. Eastwood said. “When I
saw the stool sitting there, it
gave me the idea. I’ll just put
the stool out there, and I’ll
talk to Mr. Obama and ask
him why he didn’t keep all of
the promises he made to ev-
erybody.”
Mr. Eastwood broke his si-
lence about what he acknowl-
edged was a “very unortho-
dox” endorsement of Mitt
Romney during the Republi-
can National Convention in an
interview with The Carmel
Pine Cone, his town’s newspa-
per, published on Friday.
During Mr. Eastwood’s
speech on Aug. 30, carried in
prime time on the night that
Mr. Romney accepted his par-
ty’s nomination for president,
Mr. Eastwood engaged in a
rambling and sarcastic con-
versation with a chair, telling
the audience that an invisible
President Obama was sitting
in it. His talk drew tough re-
views from political and me-
dia analysts on both sides of
Eastwood Says Speech
Was Entirely Spontaneous
ELECTION
 
2012
few Democratic stalwarts from
Wall Street showed up, including
Robert E. Rubin and Roger C.
Altman, who were, respectively,
Treasury secretary and deputy
Treasury secretary in the Clinton
administration, and Mark T. Gal-
logly, a co-founder of the invest-
ment firm Centerbridge Part-
ners. 
Notably present — given the
Wall Street defections from Mr.
Obama’s cause — was Hamilton
E. James, president of the private
equity firm Blackstone, who was
attending a convention for the
first time. Blackstone’s co-
founder, Stephen A. Schwarz-
man, is a top Romney fund-raiser.
But Mr. James, who has ex-
pressed concern for rising in-
come inequality, decided to do
the same for the president after
some courtship.
Republicans, reflecting a more
populist conservative base in the
South and West, used their con-
vention to showcase support for
small business as their way of
reaching the middle class. 
“You have a party becoming
the champion of small business,
which is where the middle class
starts,” said Carly Fiorina, a for-
mer chief executive of Hewlett-
Packard. 
Among Republican convention
speakers were executives of com-
panies that Bain Capital invested
in, attesting to Mr. Romney’s
qualifications and questioning
Mr. Obama’s ability to handle a
struggling economy. “You have
to ask yourself,” said Tom Stem-
berg, who headed Staples, “Why
would an administration that
can’t create any jobs demonize
someone who did?”
So it was that in the Demo-
crats’ counterprogramming,
Governor Markell, the former
Nextel executive, said in his re-
marks that just because Mr.
Romney succeeded in business, it
“does not mean he deserves to be
president.” 
By JACKIE CALMES
CHARLOTTE, N.C. — With
both parties’ conventions now
concluded, what is clear is that
each played to type — Repub-
licans as the party of business,
Democrats of the worker. For
President Obama, however, the
week here captured his tricky
balancing act: a four-year strug-
gle to show that pro-worker does
not mean antibusiness.
The Democrats’ three-day pro-
gram, and Mr. Obama’s climactic
nomination acceptance speech
on Thursday, included standard
slams at oil and insurance com-
panies, but far fewer knocks at
private equity firms like Mitt
Romney’s Bain Capital than the
Obama campaign and its allies
were lobbing just a few months
ago.
The challenge for the cam-
paign was to counter Republican
attacks at their Tampa, Fla., con-
vention depicting Mr. Obama as
the enemy of job creators when
unemployment persists, while
energizing his liberal base in the
convention hall and beyond. The
delicate juggling was most evi-
dent on Wednesday, during the
brief daily window of network
television coverage.
To the chagrin of moderate
Democrats, a prime-time speaker
was Elizabeth Warren, the liberal
scourge of Wall Street who is run-
ning in Massachusetts to unseat
Senator Scott P. Brown, a Repub-
lican. Her scheduling slot reflect-
ed Democrats’ zeal to capture
that seat and protect their slim
Senate majority. 
“The system is rigged,” Ms.
Warren shouted to a receptive
crowd. (While she spoke, televi-
sion showed Michelle Obama
chatting with Julián Castro, the
mayor of San Antonio and the
convention keynote speaker.)
“Look around,” Ms. Warren
said. “Oil companies guzzle down
billions in profits. Billionaires pay
lower tax rates than their secre-
taries. And Wall Street C.E.O.’s —
the same ones who wrecked our
economy and destroyed millions
of jobs — still strut around Con-
gress, no shame, demanding fa-
vors and acting like we should
thank them.”
But as the schedulers ar-
ranged, she followed James D.
Sinegal, the well-known co-
founder of Costco. He was among
several speakers from the busi-
ness world chosen to affirm Mr.
Obama’s philosophy that the pri-
vate sector needs the hand of
government to educate a work
force, build roads, finance re-
search and more. That sought to
counter a Republican convention
theme, based on an Obama quote
taken out of context, that the
president recently said of busi-
nesses, “you didn’t build that.”
“Some of my friends in corpo-
rate America say that they need
a government that gets off the
backs of businesses,” Mr. Sinegal
said. “And that’s why many of
them are supporting the opposi-
tion with donations of hundreds
of thousands of dollars.”
“But I think they’ve got it all
wrong,” he continued. “Business
needs a president who has cov-
ered the backs of businesses, a
president who understands what
the private sector needs to suc-
ceed.”
Wednesday night’s other
speakers included Ms. Warren’s
like-minded Democrats, the
A.F.L.-C.I.O. president, Richard
L. Trumka, and Bob King, presi-
dent of the United Auto Workers.
But the hours before prime time
also featured the billionaire in-
vestor Tom Steyer, who intro-
duced himself, with a hint of de-
fensiveness, as “a businessman,
a professional investor and a
proud Democrat”; Gov. Jack
Markell of Delaware, a self-de-
scribed “card-carrying capital-
ist” who helped found Nextel;
Austin Ligon, a founder and for-
mer chief executive of CarMax;
and a small-business man from
swing state Virginia, Bill Butcher.
“If you listened only to Eliza-
beth Warren, the message was
catastrophically antibusiness,”
said Matt Bennett, co-founder of
Third Way, a centrist Democratic
group. That “further drives a
wedge between business and
Democrats that may not be fair
but is the way business perceives
things,” he said. “And making
voters into victims is not a win-
ning strategy.
“As Bill Clinton used to say,
you can’t love the jobs and hate
the job creators,” said Mr. Ben-
nett, who worked in the Clinton
administration. 
Mr. Obama’s speech, like Mr.
Clinton’s the night before, he
said, “hit the perfect balance: no
victimization of the American
middle class or excessive attacks
on American business. Instead,
he kept the focus on growth,
shared prosperity and citizen-
ship.”
But it was Mr. Obama’s talk in
past years, more than his pol-
icies, that alienated many on Wall
Street and in big business, corpo-
rate representatives continue to
say, like calling auto-company
bondholders “speculators” and
bankers “fat cats.” 
“There is a feeling that the ad-
ministration does not understand
business, and it’s not so much
that they’re antibusiness, it’s that
their intuitions are all wrong,”
said one corporate representa-
tive here, who like others asked
not to be identified in criticizing
Mr. Obama. “It’s like taking
someone who’s grown up and
spent their whole life on the Up-
per East Side and put them in
charge of farm policy.”
Senator Charles E. Schumer, a
New York Democrat whose con-
stituency includes many who
work on Wall Street, said he tells
businesspeople, including those
he saw at the convention, that
Democrats are more likely to de-
liver on their chief concerns: a
skilled work force, because Dem-
ocrats promote education, and
deficit reduction, because Demo-
crats are more willing to reduce
spending on social programs
than Republicans are to raise
needed revenues.
“When we focus on the actual
policies and policy differences, as
opposed to the rhetoric, we win
business over,” he insisted.
Representative Chris Van Hol-
len of Maryland cited 18 tax cuts
and increased lending for small
businesses under President Oba-
ma, adding, “There’s a lot that’s
been done.”
As it happens, corporate Amer-
ica and Wall Street have largely
recovered from the recession,
even as the small businesses and
workers that Mr. Obama and oth-
er Democrats focus on continue
to struggle. The stock market hit
its highest level in four years
Thursday before Mr. Obama ac-
cepted the nomination and, on
the morning after, the monthly
jobs report again proved disap-
pointing. 
For all the emphasis at Demo-
crats’ convention on touting the
administration’s rescue of the
auto industry, the Big Three man-
ufacturers were not in evidence.
With taxpayers still owning
about 30 percent of General Mo-
tors, the company broke from its
past practice of providing cars for
officials at both parties’ conven-
tions, an official said. A Repub-
lican at a competing auto manu-
facturer said, “I think business in
general has a smaller presence at
both conventions, and the auto
industry is no different.” 
Corporate America was repre-
sented at the Democratic conven-
tion by the likes of AT&T, Com-
cast, Bank of America and high-
tech companies like Google. A
Democrats Face a Juggling Act Over Jobs
TRAVIS DOVE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Republican delegates in Tampa, Fla., last week, where the creation of jobs was a common theme.
Tom Stemberg and Elizabeth Warren provided a sharp contrast in their views on the economy at their parties’ conventions.
Trying not to sound
like an enemy of
business.
TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
As retired Adm.John B. Nathman spoke to Democrats, many of them offered a response.
STAN HONDA/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES                                                  J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Jonathan Weisman contributed
reporting. 
A12
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By MONICA DAVEY
CHICAGO — With the possibility
looming for a strike beginning on
Monday across Chicago’s public
schools, contract talks for city
teachers were expected to stretch
into the weekend, as hundreds of
thousands of families began grap-
pling with the prospect that school,
only a few days old for many stu-
dents, may come to an abrupt halt. 
A strike in this, the nation’s
third-largest public school system,
last occurred a quarter-century
ago, and seemingly all involved —
union members, city leaders and,
perhaps most of all, Chicago par-
ents — said they hoped such an
outcome could still be avoided. At
points on Friday, those on both
sides of the contract negotiations
expressed tempered optimism
about progress in the closed-door
discussions. Still, the two sides
were wrestling with an array of
matters regarding wages, teacher
evaluations and future jobs for laid-
off teachers. 
“I want the kids of the city of Chi-
cago to stay in the classroom,”
Mayor Rahm Emanuel said in an
interview on Friday evening. “And
the adults should stay in the negoti-
ating room. And that’s where ev-
erybody belongs.” 
A strike would leave some
350,000 students without classes,
sports or college test preparation,
and many parents without child
care. Chicago Public Schools offi-
cials have announced a contingen-
cy plan, which would include half-
days of supervised activities and
meals at 144 schools around the
city, but some parents said they
were uncertain about their options
and anxious about what Monday
may bring. 
“It’s going to be a challenge,”
Tutu Olaitan said as she dropped
off her young children off at school
here on Friday morning.
The fight here, many months in
the making, has grown out of a
combination of circumstances: a
school system facing a sizable
budget gap; teachers who com-
plain that a previously agreed to 4
percent raise never came; and ef-
forts, led by Mr. Emanuel, to make
other significant changes to the
system, including lengthening the
school day.
Much is at stake for Mr. Eman-
uel, who has cited improving the
city’s schools as one of his top pri-
orities since his election last year,
but has found himself pitted
against union leaders in this fight.
On Labor Day, Karen Lewis, presi-
dent of the Chicago Teachers Un-
ion,described Mr. Emanuel as a
“liar” and a “bully” before a sea of
union supporters at a rally down-
town, and declared, “This fight is
for the very soul of public educa-
tion, not only in Chicago, but every-
where.” 
While battles over the benefits
and bargaining rights of public
workers have grown common in re-
cent years in Republican-con-
trolled states like Wisconsin, the
fight over this union contract —
and over what Mr. Emanuel has de-
scribed as the most comprehensive
reform in the Chicago public school
system in a decade — is notable for
taking place in a city long run by
Democrats.
In an interview, Ms. Lewis said
that on matters like pay and bene-
fits and job security, the union and
school officials remained split. Pre-
cise details of the negotiations have
been kept private, though the size
of wage increases is among the is-
sues. School officials say teachers
here make $76,000 a year on aver-
age. “I do not have a crystal ball,”
she said, of the likelihood of a strike
on Monday. “We’ve been very clear
to the other side that there’s a path-
way to settlement. But we are still
very far apart.”
David J. Vitale, the president of
the Chicago Board of Education,
sounded more optimistic. But he
also said Chicago could not wait
much longer, adding, “We’ve got a
responsibility to not create this
kind of anxiety and lack of clarity
for our parents and uncertainty for
our kids.” 
School Year
Just Begun,
Union Talks
In Chicago
Teachers, city officials
and parents hope a
contract is approved
and a strike avoided.
By JULIA PRESTON
Immigration enforcement authorities
detained and deported record numbers
of illegal immigrants in 2011 and are on
track for similar figures this year, even
as the numbers of migrants crossing the
border illegally dropped to a 40-year
low, according to data published Friday
by the Department of Homeland Securi-
ty.
Immigration agents deported 391,953
foreign-born people during the 2011 fis-
cal year, the department’s Office of Im-
migration Statistics reported. They in-
cluded more than 188,000 people who
had been convicted of crimes in the
United States — an “all-time high” for
such deportations, the report found.
Citizens of four Latin American coun-
tries — Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
and El Salvador — made up 93 percent
of all people deported last year. 
With just one month to go in the 2012
fiscal year, deportations were down
slightly, with just over 366,000 people
expelled through Aug. 31. But they in-
clude more than 191,000 convicted crimi-
nals, more than last year, according to
figures from Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, one of several agencies in
the department. 
The figures provide a backdrop to the
administration’s political calculations
on the thorny issue of immigration as
President Obama heads into the last
stretch before the November elections.
Although Homeland Security Depart-
ment officials have said they are fo-
cusing their efforts on criminals, the
fast pace of deportations in the last two
years was felt in many Latino immi-
grant communities, and caused growing
disillusionment with Mr. Obama.
Pressure from Latino and immigrant
groups helped persuade Mr. Obama to
take a sweeping executive action  in
June to suspend deportations temporar-
ily for as many as 1.7 million young ille-
gal immigrants who came to this coun-
try as children. The program, which has
been very popular among Latinos, be-
gan to accept applications on Aug. 15.
Homeland Security Department offi-
cials have not yet reported that any ap-
plicants have been approved and their
deportations deferred. 
In spite of the sharp increases in de-
portations of criminals, Mr. Obama’s
policies have not won him friends on the
other side of the political divide. Repub-
licans in Congress say the deferred de-
portations are a backdoor amnesty, and
they accuse the administration of crip-
pling enforcement by demanding that
agents steer away from arresting illegal
immigrants if they are not convicted
criminals.
In addition to formal deportations,
last year Homeland Security Depart-
ment agents expelled about 324,000 for-
eigners back to their countries without
formal court proceedings, according to
the report. Most were illegal immi-
grants who agreed to leave voluntarily
after they were detained, rather than be
removed by the authorities. 
According to the new figures, Immi-
gration and Customs Enforcement,
which is known as ICE, detained about
429,000 immigrants last year, another
record. 
Homeland security authorities have
increasingly concentrated their efforts
at the border with Mexico, with the ma-
jority of detentions and expulsions com-
ing there. In 2011, the Border Patrol cap-
tured about 335,000 migrants trying to
cross illegally, the lowest number since
1971, and the figures are continuing to
drop. High rates of unemployment here
and intensified border enforcement
have discouraged many migrants from
Mexico and Central America from at-
tempting illegal crossings, officials said. 
The Republican presidential nomi-
nee, Mitt Romney, has said his priority
would be tougher border enforcement.
He has not said if he would cancel the
deferred deportations program. 
Record Number of Foreigners Were Deported in 2011, Officials Say
By IAN LOVETT
LOS ANGELES — Along Broadway
here, in the heart of Chinatown, immi-
grants crowd around fruit and vegetable
shops, asking prices in Mandarin and Can-
tonese. Men hawk huge red grapes from a
pile in the back of a pickup truck. And poul-
try shops sell not only chicken, but roost-
ers, guinea hens and pheasants — live
poultry is available on request.
For more than 70 years, these small
businesses have thrived here, lining both
sides of the street.
But some local residents and business
owners fear this historic immigrant com-
munity is now threatened by the newest
addition to the neighborhood: Walmart,
which plans to open a scaled-down version
of its superstore just a few blocks from the
heart of Chinatown. 
“They’re going to hurt the small busi-
nesses,” said Grace Yen, a Taiwanese im-
migrant who came here in 1986, as she sat
in a Chinatown bakery. “They have a big-
ger market. They’re going to take over ev-
erything.”
The Walmart Neighborhood Market
would offer Chinatown its first mainstream
grocery store in decades. But since the
company’s plan was announced in Febru-
ary, a furious battle has broken out over
the project, with community activists and
labor unions determined to block the
world’s largest retailer from the neigh-
borhood. 
In March, the City Council banned large
chain stores from opening in Chinatown.
But Walmart received its building permit a
day before that vote, exempting the store
from the ban. 
Then in June, thousands of protesters
marched through Chinatown in a show of
opposition to the new Walmart. Several la-
bor unions have also sued to stop the
project. 
But on Friday a judge declined to halt
construction on the store, which began in
July, until that case is heard. As a result,
the Chinatown Walmart now looks more
likely than ever to open as scheduled early
next year. 
Christilily Chiv, 24, said she worries that
Walmart’s arrival in the neighborhood
where she was born and raised could mark
the start of a major transition in China-
town, which remains a first stop for many
Asian immigrants, into a historic district
where immigrants no longer live and work. 
“Chinatown is a cultural community,”
Ms. Chiv said. “I want to preserve what is
there. And I fear what’s going to happen is
that by having commercial corporations
come in, they are going to erase the cultur-
al community and what it stood for in the
first place.” 
Still, the storefront where the Walmart
Neighborhood Market plans to open has
sat vacant for two decades, and many resi-
dents are eager to see it filled. 
“This community has not had a main-
stream grocery store in 74  years,” said
George Yu, executive director of the China-
town Business Improvement District, not-
ing that all grocery stores in the area close
by 7 p.m. “What if you want yogurt or 
For more than 70 years, small businesses have thrived in Chinatown. Now Walmart’s plans for a
store — in an area that hasn’t had a mainstream grocery in decades — have spurred a furious
battle, with community activists and labor unions determined to block the giant retailer.
A Walmart for Chinatown
Stirs a Fight in Los Angeles
Immigrants’ Small Businesses Fear Threat
Continued on Page A15
PHOTOGRAPHS BY PATRICK T. FALLON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
N
A13
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
the use of the coolant, economics
propels them to use ever more —
sometimes even if it means
breaking the law. 
Although the Marcone case is
the largest smuggling prosecu-
tion anywhere so far, investiga-
tors believe that smuggled gas is
used by other companies in the
United States, and European cus-
toms officials have intercepted
shipments of contraband gas ar-
riving in Finland, Slovenia and
Poland in the last two years, said
Halvart Koeppen, a United Na-
tions official who tracks illegal
trade of the gas. This is “the tip of
the iceberg,” he said.
Much of the global air-condi-
tioning industry relies on the gas
the way the auto industry does
on gasoline. But while oil is get-
ting harder to find and more ex-
pensive, HCFC-22 is becoming
more abundant and remaining
cheap on the global market. 
“There is no question that this
is inhibiting phaseout,” said
Rajendra Shende, a former head
of the United Nations Ozone Ac-
tion Programwho runs the Terre
Policy Center, an environmental
research institute in Pune, India. 
In the meantime, the price of
legitimately obtained gas has
been rising in the United States
and throughout Europe. That is
because governments of industri-
alized nations, to comply with the
ozone treaty known as the Mont-
real Protocol, restrict the use of
the environmentally damaging
gas in various ways. In the Unit-
ed States, the Environmental
Protection Agency requires that
companies obtain a license to
make, sell or buy specific
amounts of HCFC-22, with such
“allowances” decreasing year by
year. 
The dwindling supply has led
to pronounced spikes in price.
What once cost retailers like
Marcone $55 a canister was by
2009 going for $140 in the United
States. By reducing the supply of
the coolant and encouraging
prices to rise, the United States
government hoped to force man-
ufacturers and consumers to
scrap old machines and invest in
more environmentally friendly, if
more expensive, alternatives.
But it has not worked out that
way, especially in recessionary
times when people hang on to old
appliances and search for cheap
shortcuts. 
Many air-conditioning manu-
facturers have even figured out
how to sidestep the 2010 ban on
selling new machines containing
HCFC-22, by offering unfilled air-
conditioning compressors that
service workers swap into ex-
isting units and then fill with the
gas, creating refurbished ma-
chines that are as good as new.
The chemical giant DuPont has
estimated  that the service de-
mand for HCFC-22 could exceed
the supply by 27.5 million pounds
annually in the United States for
the next three years.
A big chunk of that shortfall
will be made up through smug-
gling, experts say. And smuggled
gas is cheaper, going for $130 a
canister in the Marcone case. 
The smuggling is difficult to
stop because gas canisters can be
readily mislabeled to mask their
content. Inspections are time-
consuming, policing requires ex-
pensive testing equipment that is
in short supply, and border
agents have more pressing tar-
gets like guns and narcotics.
In the 1990s, when the world
began a successful campaign to
eliminate the use of an even more
powerful ozone-depleting sub-
stance called CFC-12, smuggling
was also a problem. But 20 years
later, the challenges are far
greater: the center of the cooling
industry has moved to Asia,
where gas production is more dif-
ficult to monitor. China now
makes more than 70 percent of
the world’s room air-conditioners
and more than half of the world’s
supply of HCFC-22. 
It is also easier for smugglers
to hide contraband in the dizzy-
ing flows of legitimate goods in
an increasingly globalized world.
“This is a crime that has all the
profits of drug trafficking and
none of the risk,” said Mr. Watts-
FitzGerald, the prosecutor in the
Miami case. In many ways, it was
Mr. Garcia’s bad luck that the
only United States attorney’s dis-
trict office to have a special envi-
ronmental crimes unit is in South
Florida.
Its relentless two-year investi-
gation — complete with wiretaps
and informants — raised the cur-
tain on a multimillion-dollar web
of smugglers and trafficking
routes stretching from factories
in the developing world — mostly
China — to the Dominican Re-
public, Wales, Mexico and other
points before the coolant gas end-
ed up in American homes. 
The smuggled Marcone cool-
ant entered the United States
through a variety of ruses, evi-
dence collected by prosecutors
showed.
Some of the Chinese gas on of-
fer traveled to Ireland and the
Dominican Republic before arriv-
ing in Miami, hidden among le-
gitimate goods in three cargo
containers on a small freighter.
Mr. Garcia helped falsify ship-
ping documents, express-mailing
faked invoices to middlemen in
the Dominican Republic to ease
passage into the United States.
Other canisters came in an ille-
gal shipment from Harp Interna-
tional, a leading manufacturer of
the gas in Wales, accompanied by
false documentation that the gas
had been recycled to comply with
import restrictions.
One lot of smuggled gas trav-
eled a particularly dizzying jour-
ney: made in the United States
and exported to Mexico, only to
be sent back to Miami.
DuPont exports gas to Mexico
— the top foreign destination for
American-made HCFC-22 — be-
cause it makes more of the cool-
ant at its Louisville, Ky., factory
than it is allowed to sell in the
United States. But because Mex-
ico does not yet restrict use of the
gas, the market price in Mexico is
far lower than in the United
States. 
The smugglers took advantage
of the differential, buying cheap-
er DuPont gas in Mexico and
routing it back through the Carib-
bean to Miami for sale at north-
of-the-border prices. The ship-
ment was stopped after federal
agents noticed that the canisters’
markings indicated that they had
been packaged for the Mexican
market. 
As a result of the Miami in-
vestigation, Marcone pleaded
guilty to violating federal laws,
although on the witness stand its
chief executive said he had not
realized Mr. Garcia’s imports
were illegal. So did several smug-
glers, including a Florida couple
and a now-jailed Irish national fi-
nanced by a Peruvian business-
man who was recently indicted
as well. 
Caught on a wiretap, Mr. Gar-
cia once asked a supplier wheth-
er the product was from Hon-
eywell or DuPont.
“From China,” the man an-
swered. 
Over time, he apparently be-
came comfortable with his boom-
ing business, bragging about how
easy it was to smuggle coolants
into the United States. 
“Remember that there are a
bunch of tricks,” he said. 
As Coolant Tied to Global Warming Is Phased Out, Smugglers Profit
How a Contraband Coolant Entered the United States
Some of the methods used to illegally import HCFC-22
On June 26, Carlos Garcia, vice president of the St. Louis-based appliance supplier Marcone, was sentenced to 13 months in prison for his role in 
the illegal importing of more than $11 million worth of a controlled refrigerant gas called HCFC-22 by Marcone’s Miami branch. Federal laws strictly 
limit imports of this ozone-depleting gas while its use in this country is being phased out. 
At least three separate smuggling operations 
funneled Chinese-made HCFC-22 into the U.S. 
In one case, shipments were routed through the 
Dominican Republic, where Mr. Garcia told 
smugglers how to fake invoices to get the 
coolant past customs officials. Smugglers later 
paid him a kickback of $5,120.
Coolant was manufactured for legitimate 
export by DuPont at its Louisville, Ky. plant. 
From there, it was shipped to Texas for 
packaging and then exported to Mexico. 
There, smugglers bought it and illegally 
reimported it into the U.S. via the 
Dominican Republic.
The American subsidiary of Harp 
International, a major refrigerant supplier 
based near Cardiff, Wales, falsified 
documents to give the impression that a 
shipment of HCFC-22 destined for Marcone 
was recycled and therefore in compliance 
with EPA import restrictions.
THE NEW YORK TIMES
FROM CHINA                                                  FROM WITHIN THE UNITED STATES                                  FROM BRITAIN
BRITAIN
CHINA
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
MEXICO
Articles in this series describe the
impact of the rising demand for
coolant gases, a growing contrib-
utor to global warming.
Chilling Effect
ONLINE:
Previous articles in
the series: 
nytimes.com/world
MID-ATLANTIC
Pennsylvania: Tax Increase Suspended
Harrisburg officials, who have fought bitterly over
the city’s debt, have agreed to try to seek common
ground and have won a reprieve from a judge’s or-
der for an income tax increase. Judge Bonnie Lead-
better of Commonwealth Court on Thursday agreed
to reconsider the 1 percentage point increase in the
earned income tax that she ordered last month. The
move came after lawyers for the city’s state-ap-
pointed receiver, the City Council and Mayor Linda
Thompson stated their desire to work toward a solu-
tion. Judge Leadbetter had ordered the Council to
pass the tax increase as part of a recovery plan be-
ing put in place by the receiver, William Lynch. Har-
risburg is saddled with about $320 million in debt be-
cause it guaranteed bonds used to pay for repairs on
a troubled trash incinerator. 
(REUTERS)
Pennsylvania: Feud Ends in Arrests
A man who was angry about a photo of his girlfriend
on Facebook took revenge against the former boy-
friend who posted it, making a hoax call to the police
that set off a terrorism scare and ended with the ex-
boyfriend being taken off an airliner at gunpoint, the
authorities say. Kenneth W. Smith Jr. was arrested
Friday on charges of making a false threat to the
Philadelphia police, who recalled a flight bound for
Dallas and marched the former boyfriend, Christo-
pher Shell, off the plane on Thursday. The episode
led to Mr. Shell’s own arrest on drug warrants after
he finally reached Texas to celebrate his 29th birth-
day. Both men posted bond on Friday. US Airways
Flight 1267 was about 90 miles into its flight when
the plane was turned around on Thursday morning.
After it landed in Philadelphia, heavily armed offi-
cers removed Mr. Shell. During questioning, he told
the authorities of the romantic feud, which involved
hostile text messages with his ex-girlfriend and en-
counters with Mr. Smith, according to a federal affi-
davit. Mr. Smith acknowledged calling the police to
say Mr. Shell was carrying liquid explosives, the affi-
davit said. 
(AP)
MIDWEST
Illinois: Jackson Released From Clinic
Representative Jesse L. Jackson Jr. has returned to
his home in Washington after being treated for de-
pression at the Mayo Clinic, Mr. Jackson’s chief of
staff in suburban Chicago said Friday. “He’s at home
in Washington convalescing with his wife and chil-
dren,” said the aide, Rick Bryant. Mr. Bryant said he
was not sure when Mr. Jackson was released from
the clinic. 
(AP)
Illinois: Student Held After Firing Gun
Police officials say a teacher tackled a student just
after gunshots were fired into the ceiling of a packed
classroom on Friday at a high school in Normal, 135
miles southwest of Chicago. No one was injured. A
14-year-old student was in custody. Chief Rick
Bleichner of Normal said that a handgun was used
but that the shots were not directed at anyone. The
motive was not known. 
(AP)
WASHINGTON
Pact Is Signed to Protect Great Lakes
The United States and Canada signed an accord in
Washington on Friday to protect the Great Lakes,
the world’s largest freshwater system. The agree-
ment, which updates promises between the two na-
tions first made in 1972, sets goals for each country
to address invasive species like the Asian carp; curb
phosphorus runoff, which can contribute to algae
blooms; and cut pollution from industry and vessels.
Each nation will now need to develop policies to im-
plement their common objectives, according to the
agreement. 
(BLOOMBERG NEWS)
New Commander for Submarine Force
The Navy on Friday put a new commander in charge
of its submarine force. Vice Adm. Michael Connor is
succeeding Vice Adm. John Richardson, who is tak-
ing over as director of naval nuclear propulsion.
With the change of command, Admiral Connor is
now the Navy’s top submarine commander and will
directly manage the force’s Atlantic fleet, which is
spread among bases in Connecticut, Georgia and
Virginia. He will also serve as commander of
NATO’S Allied Submarine Command. 
(AP)
National Briefing 
DAVID PROEBER/PANTAGRAPH, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Parents gathered at a church in Normal, Ill., on
Friday after a gun was fired at a nearby school.
DILIP VISHWANAT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The Marcone company of St. Louis, which distributes appliance parts, was implicated in a coolant smuggling scheme. A video of a
company official charged in the case, Carlos Garcia, above left, was used in evidence at his trial in federal court. He was convicted.
From Page A1
Government
restrictions set off a
thriving black market.
Get more on NYTimes.com.
A14
Ø Ø
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA
Large-scale cheating has been
uncovered over the last year at
some of the nation’s most com-
petitive schools, like Stuyvesant
High School    in Manhattan, the
Air Force Academy and, most re-
cently, Harvard.
Studies of student behavior
and attitudes show that a major-
ity of students violate standards
of academic integrity to some de-
gree, and that high achievers are
just as likely to do it as others.
Moreover, there is evidence that
the problem has worsened over
the last few decades.
Experts say the reasons are
relatively simple: Cheating has
become easier and more widely
tolerated, and both schools and
parents have failed to give stu-
dents strong, repetitive mes-
sages about what is allowed and
what is prohibited.
“I don’t think there’s any ques-
tion that students have become
more competitive, under more
pressure, and, as a result, tend to
excuse more from themselves
and other students, and that’s
abetted by the adults around
them,” said Donald L. McCabe, a
professor at the Rutgers Univer-
sity Business School, and a lead-
ing researcher on cheating.
“There have always been
struggling students who cheat to
survive,” he said. “But more and
more, there are students at the
top who cheat to thrive.” 
Internet access has made
cheating easier, enabling stu-
dents to connect instantly with
answers, friends to consult and
works to plagiarize. And genera-
tions of research has shown that
a major factor in unethical behav-
ior is simply how easy or hard it
is.
A recent study by Jeffrey A.
Roberts and David M. Wasieleski
at Duquesne University found
that the more online tools college
students were allowed to use to
complete an assignment, the
more likely they were to copy the
work of others.
The Internet has changed atti-
tudes, as a world of instant down-
loading, searching, cutting and
pasting has loosened some ideas
of ownership and authorship. An
increased emphasis on having
students work in teams may also
have played a role.
“Students are surprisingly un-
clear about what constitutes pla-
giarism or cheating,” said Mr.
Wasieleski, an associate profes-
sor of management.
Howard Gardner, a professor
at the Harvard Graduate School
of Education, said that over the
20 years he has studied profes-
sional and academic integrity,
“the ethical muscles have atro-
phied,” in part because of a cul-
ture that exalts success, however
it is attained.
He said the attitude he has
found among students at elite
colleges is: “We want to be fa-
mous and successful, we think
our colleagues are cutting cor-
ners, we’ll be damned if we’ll lose
out to them, and some day, when
we’ve made it, we’ll be role mod-
els. But until then, give us a
pass.”
Numerous projects and re-
search studies have shown that
frequently reinforcing standards,
to both students and teachers,
can lessen cheating. But experts
say most schools fail to do so.
“Institutions do a poor job of
making those boundaries clear
and consistent, of educating stu-
dents about them, of enforcing
them, and of giving teachers a
clear process to follow through
on them,” said Laurie L. Hazard,
director of the Academic Center
for Excellence at Bryant Univer-
sity. In the programs that col-
leges run to help new students
make the transition from high
school, students are counseled on
everything from food to friend-
ships, but “little or no time is
spent on cheating,” she said.
A 2010 survey of Yale under-
graduates  by The Yale Daily
News showed that most had nev-
er read the school’s policy on aca-
demic honesty, and most were
unsure of the rules on sharing or
recycling their work.
In surveys of high school stu-
dents, the Josephson Institute of
Ethics, which advises schools on
ethics education, has found that
about three-fifths admit to having
cheated in the previous year —
and about four-fifths say their
own ethics are above average.
Few schools “place any mean-
ingful emphasis on integrity, aca-
demic or otherwise, and colleges
are even more indifferent than
high schools,” said Michael Jo-
sephson, president of the insti-
tute.
“When you start giving take-
home exams and telling kids not
to talk about it, or you let them
carry smartphones into tests, it’s
an invitation to cheating,” he
said. 
The case that Harvard  re-
vealed in late August involved a
take-home final exam in an un-
dergraduate course with 279 stu-
dents. The university has not yet
held hearings on the charges,
which may take months to re-
solve.
Officials said similarities in test
papers suggested that nearly half
the class had broken the rules
against plagiarism and working
together; some of the accused
students said their behavior was
innocent, or fell into gray areas.
Mr. McCabe’s surveys, con-
ducted around the country, have
found that most college students
see collaborating with others,
even when it is forbidden, as a
minor offense or no offense at all.
Nearly half take the same view of
paraphrasing or copying some-
one else’s work without attribu-
tion. And most high school teach-
ers and college professors sur-
veyed fail to pursue some of the
violations they find.
Experts say that along with
students, schools and technology,
parents are also to blame. They
cite surveys, anecdotal impres-
sions and the work of research-
ers like Jean M. Twenge, author
of the book “Generation Me,” to
make the case that since the
1960s, parenting has shifted away
from emphasizing obedience,
honor and respect for authority
to promoting children’s happi-
ness while stoking their ambi-
tions for material success.
“We have a culture now where
we have real trouble accepting
that our kids make mistakes and
fail, and when they do, we tend to
blame someone else,” said Tricia
Bertram Gallant, author of “Cre-
ating the Ethical Academy,” and
director of the academic integrity
office at the University of Califor-
nia at San Diego. “Thirty, 40
years ago, the parent would come
in and grab the kid by the ear,
yell at him and drag him home.”
Educators tell tales of students
who grew up taking for granted
not only that their highly in-
volved parents would help with
schoolwork but that the “help”
would strain the definition of the
word.
Ms. Gallant recalled giving in-
tegrity counseling to a student
who would send research papers
to her mother to review before
turning them in — and saw noth-
ing wrong in that. One paper, it
turned out, her mother had ex-
tensively rewritten — and exten-
sively plagiarized.
“I said, ‘So what’s the lesson
here?’” Ms. Gallant said. “And
she said, completely serious,
‘Check the work my mom
does?’”
Studies Find More Students Cheating,
With High Achievers No Exception
BRIAN SNYDER/REUTERS 
Commencement at Harvard.
Officials said last month that
they were investigating possi-
ble cheating on an undergrad-
uate take-home test.
12 SUSPENDED
Stuyvesant High School in Man-
hattan suspends 12 students in a
cheating inquiry. Page A17.
both church and civil laws, a bish-
op and church officials failed to
stop a priest from pursuing his
obsession with taking porno-
graphic photographs of young
girls. Eventually it was Monsi-
gnor Murphy, not Bishop Finn,
who turned in Father Ratigan. 
The witnesses never told their
stories in court. The verdict was
decided by a judge in a bench
trial that lasted less than an hour
and a half. But the facts of the
case are known and even agreed
upon by both the prosecution and
the defense — summed up in a
nine-page stipulation of testimo-
ny that contained details about
the case that were not public until
they were submitted to the judge
on Thursday. Many details were
also revealed in what is known as
the Graves report, an independ-
ent investigation commissioned
by the diocese last year and con-
ducted by a former United States
attorney, Todd P. Graves. 
“I truly regret, “ Bishop Finn
said in court on Thursday, “and
am sorry for the hurt that these
events have caused.” 
The bishop had advance warn-
ing about Father Ratigan, well
before pornography was discov-
ered on the priest’s laptop. Julie
Hess, the principal of the parochi-
al school, next door to St. Patrick
Parish where Father Ratigan
served, had sent a memorandum
in May of 2010 to the diocese,
which said: 
“Parents, staff members, and
parishioners are discussing his
actions and whether or not he
may be a child molester. They
have researched pedophilia on
the Internet and brought in sam-
ple articles with examples of how
Father Shawn’s actions fit the
profile of a child predator.”
Children in the diocese’s
schools are taught about appro-
priate boundaries between adults
and children in an abuse-preven-
tion education program called
Circle of Grace. Ms. Hess said
that while she was inclined to be-
lieve that Father Ratigan’s be-
havior amounted to nothing more
than “boundary violations,” other
adults were alarmed about spe-
cific events: Father Ratigan had
put a girl on his lap on a bus trip,
attempted to “friend” an eighth
grader on Facebook, and had an
inappropriate “peer to peer” re-
lationship with a fifth-grade girl.
On a children’s group excursion
to Father Ratigan’s house, par-
ents spotted hand towels shaped
to look like dolls’ clothes, and a
pair of girls’ panties in a planter
in his yard. 
The bishop told Father Ratigan
in June 2010 that “we have to take
this seriously.” But the testimony
showed that the bishop, too, per-
ceived the concerns simply as
“boundary issues.” 
Nine days before Christmas,
Father Ratigan brought his slug-
gish laptop to Ken Kes, a comput-
er technician on contract with St.
Patrick Parish, for repairs. Mr.
Kes was startled to find photo-
graphs of young girls’ torsos and
crotches. When he saw the one of
the naked toddler, he brought the
laptop to the parish’s deacon. Mr.
Kes is described in the testimony
as “being so upset that his hands
were shaking to the point he
couldn’t open the laptop.” 
The deacon immediately
brought the laptop to Monsignor
Murphy at the chancery offices.
He gave it to Julie Creech, a tech-
nology staff member at the dio-
cese. Ms. Creech found “hun-
dreds of photographs,” according
to the testimony, many taken on
playgrounds, under tables or in
one case, while a girl was sleep-
ing. Many pictures did not show
faces — only close-ups of crotch-
es. Ms. Creech wrote a report for
her superiors noting that only
four or five of the hundreds of
pictures appeared to have been
downloaded from the Internet:
“the rest appeared to have been
taken with a personal camera.” 
Nevertheless, even before get-
ting the laptop, Monsignor Mur-
phy had already consulted with a
Kansas City Police Department
captain who served on the dio-
cese’s Independent Review
Board. The Graves report said
that the captain, Rick Smith, re-
called being told by Monsignor
Murphy that the diocese had
found only one nude photograph,
that it was of a member of Father
Ratigan’s family, and that it was
not a sexual pose. Monsignor
Murphy said he did not remem-
ber telling the captain  those
things. Their recollections also
differed on what the captain had
said about whether the photo-
graph constituted pornography. 
The next day, Dec. 17, 2010, Fa-
ther Ratigan attempted suicide.
He left messages apologizing to
his family for “the harm caused
to the children or you.” When he
survived, he was sent first to a
hospital, and then to Dr. Rick
Fitzgibbons, a psychiatrist in
Pennsylvania selected by Bishop
Finn. The bishop testified that he
was told by the psychiatrist that
Father Ratigan was not a risk to
children, and had been falsely ac-
cused by the school principal. 
During this period, two women
on staff in diocesan headquarters
were urging their superiors to
turn Father Ratigan in. Rebecca
Summers, then the director of
communications, told Monsignor
Murphy to call the police, ac-
cording to the testimony. And Ju-
lie Creech, the technology em-
ployee, said in a deposition in a
related civil suit that she went to
see Bishop Finn in his office to
make sure he understood what
she had seen on the laptop.
“I really got the feeling that
maybe he didn’t understand,”
Ms. Creech said in the deposition.
“I don’t think he saw what I saw.”
The bishop assigned Father
Ratigan to serve as a chaplain to
the Franciscan Sisters of the
Holy Eucharist, in Independence,
Mo. He placed seven restrictions
on the priest, including not using
computers and avoiding all con-
tact with children. But the bishop
allowed him, on a “trial” basis, to
celebrate Mass for youth groups
at the prayer center that the sis-
ters ran.
Over the next five months, Fa-
ther Ratigan, who is now 46 at-
tended a sixth-grader’s birthday
party, co-celebrated a child’s con-
firmation, communicated with
children on his Facebook page,
hosted an Easter egg hunt and at-
tended a parade, the testimony
recounts. Invited to dinner at the
home of parishioners, he was
caught taking photographs, un-
der the table, up their daughter’s
skirt, according to a federal in-
dictment of Father Ratigan.
Neither the bishop nor any
church official told church mem-
bers or Father Ratigan’s large ex-
tended family — which includes
many children — that the priest
had been ordered to stay away
from children, Darron Blanken-
ship, a brother-in-law of Father
Ratigan and a police officer who
has handled child abuse cases,
said in an interview on Friday.
“For somebody that was under
restrictions, he had free rein,” Of-
ficer Blankenship said. “He just
went and did what he wanted.”
Some family members had
heard that Father Ratigan’s lap-
top had contained pornography,
Officer Blankenship said, but
they assumed it was adult por-
nography taken off the Internet
— upsetting but not surprising,
they thought, for a man who had
become a priest and had to adjust
to celibacy later in life.
Bishop Finn and Monsignor
Murphy learned about some of
Father Ratigan’s violations of his
restrictions. “I will have to tell
him,” Bishop Finn wrote in an
e-mail to the psychiatrist, “that
he must not attend these chil-
dren’s gatherings, even if there
are parents present. I had been
very clear about this with him al-
ready.”
The testimony filed in court on
Thursday says that because the
bishop trusted Father Ratigan to
respect the restrictions, he was
never monitored and the commu-
nity was never informed.
On May 11, 2011, while Bishop
Finn was out of town, Monsignor
Murphy again contacted Captain
Smith at the Police Department
and told him that the diocese had
indeed found not one, but hun-
dreds of photographs of little
girls. A week later, Father Rati-
gan was arrested for possession
of child pornography. He was
convicted in August and is await-
ing sentencing.
Bishop Finn and the diocese
were indicted by a grand jury in
October 2011. Monsignor Murphy
was given immunity for cooper-
ating with the prosecution. He
testified that he turned Father
Ratigan in because he had grown
concerned that he was truly a
pedophile. The monsignor  said
that when the bishop learned he
had turned in Father Ratigan, “It
seemed he was angry.”
After Father Ratigan was ar-
rested, Bishop Finn met with his
priests. Asked why Father Rati-
gan was not removed earlier, the
bishop replied, according to the
testimony, that he had wanted “to
save Father Ratigan’s priest-
hood” and that he had under-
stood that Father Ratigan’s prob-
lem was “only pornography.”
Church Ignored the Law and Failed to Stop a Pedophile
POOL PHOTO BY TAMMY LJUNGBLAD
Bishop Robert W. Finn, convicted on Thursday, expressed re-
gret in court “for the hurt that these events have caused.”
STEVE HEBERT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Sandy McGuire, an advocate for victims, demonstrated outside
the Jackson County Courthouse as the bishop was tried.
From Page A1
N
A15
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
In the coming days, the calen-
dar will bring the anniversaries
of two signal events. One, of
course, is Sept. 11, a Tuesday this
year, as it was in 2001, when Al
Qaeda terrorists in
four hijacked planes
killed more than
3,000 Americans.
With public memori-
al services and pri-
vate tears, those
deaths will be recalled and
mourned.
The other anniversary is of the
visit President George W. Bush
made to a Washington mosque
just six days after the attack,
where he spoke eloquently
against the harassment of Arabs
and Muslims living in the United
States and about the need to re-
spect Islam. 
This act of leadership and
statesmanship, however, has all
but vanished from the national
collective memory. It deserves,
instead, to be noted and heeded
and esteemed. 
In its immediate moment, Mr.
Bush’s appearance at the Islamic
Center of Washington may have
helped to quell vigilante assaults
on American Muslims and on
those, like Sikhs, who were mis-
taken for them. At the policy lev-
el, the president’s words also
served notice that unlike Frank-
lin D. Roosevelt after the attack
on Pearl Harbor, he would not in-
tern or in any way collectively
punish innocent American citi-
zens who happened to share a re-
ligion or ethnicity with foreign
foes.
After hailing American Mus-
lims as “friends” and “taxpaying
citizens” in his comments at the
mosque, Mr. Bush went on to
say: “These acts of violence
against innocents violate the fun-
damental tenets of the Islamic
faith. And it’s important for my
fellow Americans to understand
that.” He quoted from the Koran:
“In the long run, evil in the ex-
treme will be the end of those
who do evil.” Then he continued
in his own words: “The face of
terror is not the true faith of Is-
lam. That’s not what Islam is all
about. Islam is peace. These ter-
rorists don’t represent peace.
They represent evil and war.”
Eleven years after the fact, Mr.
Bush has been treated like a
prophet without honor in his own
land. He was barely mentioned at
the Republican convention last
week, and former presidential
candidates like Newt Gingrich,
Herman Cain and Michele Bach-
mann have regularly inveighed
against Muslims. The only allu-
sions to Mr. Bush at the Demo-
cratic convention in Charlotte,
N.C., this week were for the war
in Iraq and the economic collapse
that struck in his final months in
office.
Yet there was always another
side to Mr. Bush, present in his
self-definition as a “compassion-
ate conservative,” in his deep
faith and respect for all religions.
He was probably the most color-
blind Republican president since
Lincoln, appointing Hispanic and
black Americans to meaningful
cabinet positions — national se-
curity adviser, secretary of state,
secretary of education, attorney
general. 
During Mr. Bush’s campaign
for the Republican nomination in
2000, he spoke at a mosque, mak-
ing him the first candidate in ei-
ther party to do so. During a de-
bate against his Democratic op-
ponent, Al Gore, he denounced
the profiling of Arab-American
and Muslim-American airline
passengers. Mr. Bush’s appoint-
ment schedule on Sept. 11, 2001,
until tragedy intervened, includ-
ed a 3 p.m. meeting with a delega-
tion of American Muslim leaders.
“His entire concept of human
liberty cannot be understood
apart from his elemental view of
the spiritual nature of all men
and women,” said Tim Goeglein,
a White House staff member in-
volved in planning the mosque
visit and author of “The Man in
the Middle,” about the role of reli-
gion in the Bush administration.
“This is one of the very important
narratives of the Bush presiden-
cy.”
As Mr. Bush recounted in his
own book “Decision Points,” in
the days after Sept. 11, he was dis-
turbed by reports of bias crimes
against American Muslims. And
he had heard firsthand accounts
of the Japanese-American intern-
ment from one of its victims —
Norman Y. Mineta, a Democrat
who served as Mr. Bush’s trans-
portation secretary.
Out of that combination of his-
torical perspective and visceral
decency, Mr. Bush sent instruc-
tions to the White House’s Office
of Public Liaison to arrange for
him to visit a mosque. For the
men and women in that office,
the stakes were instantly clear.
“In the aftermath of 9/11, when
every move the president made
was being watched extremely
closely, it was important to dem-
onstrate that American Muslims
were not the same people who at-
tacked the U.S.,” said Matt Smith,
the liaison office’s associate di-
rector at the time. “When you
show that these people are Amer-
icans, it goes a long way.”
One of several Muslim mem-
bers of the White House staff was
Suhail Khan, who worked in the
liaison office and took a leading
role in deciding which mosque
the president should visit. The Is-
lamic Center of Washington
struck him as nearly ideal. Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower had
laid its cornerstone in 1957, and its
congregation included diplomats,
business executives and other
professionals. Unlike several oth-
er Washington mosques, it had
been built for Muslim worship,
not converted from a previous
use. So television and still cam-
eras would be able to capture the
image of an American president
in a visibly, indelibly Islamic set-
ting.
Within about 24 hours, the
mosque was checked by the Se-
cret Service for security, a brief-
ing memo was prepared for the
president and an advance team
was dispatched to the Islamic
center. Then, on the afternoon of
Monday, Sept. 17, Mr. Bush and all
the attendant news media went to
the mosque. 
Mr. Bush removed his shoes, in
accordance with Islamic practice,
before entering the mosque’s
prayer room. He met for about 45
minutes with leaders of several
American Muslim organizations,
including Nihad Awad, executive
director of the Council on Ameri-
can-Islamic Relations. Afterward,
standing before a tile wall of char-
acteristically Islamic patterns
and near a woman wearing a
hijab, Mr. Bush, speaking in a
grave and subdued tone, issued
his appeal for tolerance and unity.
“I think in those days, so many
people here and around the world
watched that clip,” Mr. Awad said
recently. “And it should be played
over and over to remind people
that what made America great is
respect for religious freedom and
zero tolerance for hate crimes
against innocent people.”
MIKE THEILER/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE 
Samira Hussein of the Islamic Center of Washington was wel-
comed to the White House on Dec. 11, 2001, returning a visit
from President George W. Bush on Sept. 17.
Six Days After 9/11, Another Date Worth Honoring
A presidential
gesture of faith at a
Washington mosque.
SAMUEL G.
FREEDMAN 
ON
RELIGION 
E-mail: sgf1@columbia.edu
By ANA FACIO-KRAJCER
LOS ANGELES — Sebastian
Flores walked out of Al Salam
Pollería with a free bag of white-
feathered chicken heads.
Mr. Flores, 26, an immigrant
and a regular customer of Al
Salam, a Muslim, family-owned
halal poultry shop, was driving
home when he developed a crav-
ing for the treat. He was planning
on sprinkling the chicken heads
with poultry seasoning and roast-
ing them in the oven, the way
they did back home in Puebla,
Mexico.
Customers like Mr. Flores are
the lifeblood of Al Salam Pollería,
a thriving shop that opened 28
years ago “by accident,” accord-
ing to its founders. Abdul Elhaw-
ary and his brother-in-law, Saf-
wat Elrabat, who died 12 years
ago, opened the shop in East Los
Angeles because the zoning there
allowed the sale and on-site
slaughter of live poultry, in ac-
cordance with their religion’s di-
etary requirements. 
There were few halal butchers
in Los Angeles in the 1980s, Mr.
Elhawary, 60, said, so the family
expected large numbers of Mus-
lims from across the city to make
the trek to buy halal poultry.
That never happened. Much to
their surprise, though, Latino im-
migrant customers did show up,
and in large numbers.
“It was a very happy coinci-
dence and very happy surprise,”
said Mr. Elrabat’s daughter,
Iman Elrabat-Gabr, 37, “that Lati-
nos were really interested in
fresh chicken.”
Animals must be killed accord-
ing to Islamic law for their meat
to be halal, a practice followed at
the store only when a customer
requests halal meat.
“Around 1989, when we found
out that 90 percent of the custom-
ers are Latino and we only had 10
percent that are non-Latino, we
changed the name in the busi-
ness cards to Al Salam Pollería,”
Mr. Elhawary said. Originally, it
had been Al Salam Farms; “sa-
laam” means peace in Arabic and
“pollería” is poultry shop in
Spanish.
Ms. Elrabat-Gabr recalls that
in the beginning, chicken feet
would end up in the trash. Mus-
lims did not eat them. But her
family soon learned that in Lati-
no culture, the feet were used for
chicken soup and were consid-
ered a treat for children. The
chicken heads, on the other hand,
are an uncommon request and
are given away free to custom-
ers, she said.
“In Southern California, we be-
lieve we were the first Muslim-
owned poultry store that figured
out that Latinos are just as much
interested in live chickens —
fresh chickens — as we are,” said
Ms. Elrabat-Gabr, who helps out
at the East Los Angeles store.
Her family, she said, takes pride
in having discovered a niche
market in Latino communities.
The East Los Angeles shop has
been so successful over the last
20 years that members of the
Elrabat and Elhawary families
have opened three other butcher
shops in Latino enclaves. Mr.
Elhawary runs a shop of his own
(L.A. Fresh Poultry Pollería)
west of downtown Los Angeles.
Ahmed Elrabat, 35, his nephew,
owns a storefront (Pollería el
Matador) in Southeast Los Ange-
les, where a large Mexican flag
hangs from a pole outside. 
Except for a few Koran verses
on a wall and a small porcelain
figure of the Kaaba shrine in
Mecca atop a refrigerator, Al
Salam Pollería, identified easily
by the rooster on its roof, resem-
bles a business that caters to the
Latino palate. The products for
sale include dry pepitas and chil-
ies for mole poblano; various
herbs like epazote, essential to
some Mexican dishes; and Mex-
ican candy like mazapan.
“We were taught what we
needed to sell by the customers,”
said Mr. Elrabat.
Ms. Elrabat-Gabr said her fa-
ther had often spent entire days
speaking only Spanish at the
poultry shop and “before he died
he was more fluent in Spanish
than English.”
Mr. Elhawary, who was a high
school French teacher in Egypt
before emigrating to the United
States in 1980, said learning
Spanish had not been difficult for
him. 
“French helped me digest the
Spanish language. Spanish is a
very beautiful language. It’s mu-
sical,” said Mr. Elhawary. “Once
you know the language, it breaks
the barrier between you and the
person.”
Hussam Ayloush, executive di-
rector of the Los Angeles chapter
of the Council on American-Is-
lamic Relations, said Latinos and
Muslims had many things in
common.
“And sometimes even the food
tastes similar because of the
many years of interaction be-
tween the Muslim Arabs from Af-
rica and Spaniards,” said Mr.
Ayloush, whose Mexican-Ameri-
can wife converted to Islam.
“You’re talking about 700 years
of Muslims living in Spain. And
those same Spaniards are the
ones that came to Latin and
South America and brought with
them much of that Arab culture.”
Adrian Pantoja, a professor of
politics and Chicano studies at
Pitzer College in Claremont,
Calif., said the family showcased
the ways some of the city’s ethnic
entrepreneurs had learned to
adapt. 
“For me, it’s one example of
perhaps hundreds of thousands
of little shops like these in Latino
neighborhoods,” Mr. Pantoja
said. 
Mr. Flores, the customer with
his bag of chicken heads, said he
was a regular patron, and not just
because of the quality of the food.
“Here they treat you well and
they speak Spanish,” Mr. Flores
said. “It’s good that they are will-
ing to learn from another cul-
ture.”
From left, chicken feet at Al Salam Pollería, a Muslim,family-owned business that caters to Latino customers; Abdul Elhawary, the owner; and a private joke between the family and their shoppers.
Islamic Poultry for Latino Tables (Yes, They Have Chilies,Too) 
PHOTOGRAPHS BY MONICA ALMEIDA/THE NEW YORK TIMES
“We were taught what we needed to sell by the customers,” said Ahmed Elrabat, whose father helped found the shop in the 1980s.
cheese? What if you want dog
food? Those are pretty basic
needs that every community
has.” 
“Ninety-nine percent of the
community supports this mar-
ket,” Mr. Yu added. “The opposi-
tion is coming from outside Chi-
natown.” 
Labor unions have for years
criticized Walmart for hiring non-
union workers and paying low
wages. And some of the unions
and workers’ rights advocates
that have helped lead the charge
to keep Walmart out of China-
town also fought to limit Wal-
mart’s influence in other parts of
the region. 
This year, three of the top can-
didates in the 2013 Los Angeles
mayoral race all vowed not to ac-
cept any campaign donations
from Walmart, after unions sent
a letter urging them to return
contributions from the retail gi-
ant. 
In addition, the Los Angeles Al-
liance for a New Economy, which
helped organize the protest in
Chinatown, also helped push
through an ordinance that makes
it more difficult to open large su-
perstores here. 
“We’ve been organizing to try
to make sure that neighborhood
small businesses are protected,”
said Allison Mannos, a spokes-
woman for the alliance. “And also
to make sure that there are not
poverty-level jobs coming in.” 
The Walmart Neighborhood
Market planned for Chinatown
would offer mainly grocery items
and a pharmacy. Steven V. Resti-
vo, a spokesman for Walmart,
said the company had received
largely positive feedback from
the community. 
“The day our store opens,
thousands and thousands of local
residents are going to shop at
that Walmart Neighborhood
Market,” Mr. Restivo said.
“Those are people who probably
never attended a council meeting
or wrote a letter to the editor.
They just want to have more op-
tions close to where they live and
work.” 
He added, “In terms of the cul-
tural impact, there is literally a
Burger King across the street
from our location, and a Subway
next door.” 
Local residents remained
evenly divided, according to a
spokeswoman for City Council-
man Ed P. Reyes, who represents
the area. And even some of the lo-
cal business owners are not yet
sure how Walmart might affect
them. 
Richard Lam owns an import
business, selling clothes and oth-
er accessories. He showed off a
Walmart app on his smartphone.
But he was nervous about the ar-
rival of the store. 
“I shop online with Walmart all
the time,” he said. “I buy phone. I
buy camera. It’s cheap.”
But he added, “If they don’t
open, I’m happier.” 
A Walmart for Chinatown
Stirs a Fight in Los Angeles
From Page A12
‘They’re going to take
over everything,’ one
immigrant worries.
No day is complete
without
The New York Times.
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N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By N.R. KLEINFIELD
In the early hush of Friday morning, the man-
ager and his young employee had finished an-
other long shift, shuttered their Bronx bodega
and headed home. But the young assistant had
forgotten to grab a bar of soap that he needed.
They went back, and when
they unlocked the door, the
thing so feared by those
who work in neighborhoods
contaminated by crime fol-
lowed them in.
Three robbers, one of
them concealed in a ski
mask and wielding a gun,
forced their way into the
store. Ordering the two men
to lie motionless on the
floor, they began scooping
the bodega’s cash, ciga-
rettes and lottery tickets
into a backpack.
Before the criminals could finish, an arriving
customer saw what was happening through the
window and called the police.
In one of those chilling split-second dramas
that become tragedy, the manager got out un-
harmed but his assistant was killed by a police
bullet. The authorities said it was the result of an
accidental discharge when the young man col-
lided with a police officer in his frightened haste
to escape the criminals.
The dead man was identified as Reynaldo
Cuevas, 20, a nephew of the store’s owner. He
had worked in the bodega for six months and
was helping to support a 3-year-old daughter in
the Dominican Republic. Two years ago, his own
father was shot to death in the Dominican Re-
public trying to ward off muggers wanting to
steal his jewelry.
Mr. Cuevas’s killing was the third high-profile
fatal police shooting in four weeks, although the
circumstances on Friday were quite different
from the previous two deaths, of a knife-carry-
ing man near Times Square and of a man who
killed a former co-worker outside the Empire
State Building.
The episode Friday began shortly before 2
a.m. at the Aneurys Deli on Franklin Avenue at
East 169th Street in Morrisania. Felix Mora, 43,
the store’s manager for nine years, and Mr. Cue-
vas had barely opened the door to fetch the soap
when the three men descended on them, one of
them holding a gun.
“He pointed the gun at us and was saying,
‘Get on the ground!’” Mr. Mora said. “We got on
the ground.”
The gunman hit Mr. Mora in the head with the
butt of the gun. Mistaking the relationship be-
tween the workers, he shouted at Mr. Mora, “If
you move, we’re going to kill your son.” 
The gunman began rooting through Mr.
Mora’s pockets, while the two other men went
behind the counter to fill the backpack with lot-
tery tickets and the money Mr. Mora kept in a ci-
gar box.
Within minutes of the customer’s 911 call, the
authorities said, two officers from the local pre-
cinct house and two housing officers converged
on the scene.
One of the housing officers peeked through
the bodega’s window to assess the situation.
The gunman saw him, Mr. Mora said, and
leapt behind the counter with his accomplices
and shouted, “Policía, policía, policía!”
Two of the robbers retreated to the rear of the
store.
Mr. Mora said that sensing an opportunity, he
ran out the front door with his hands up and con-
firmed that a robbery was in progress. A mo-
ment later, he said, Mr. Cuevas sprinted past
him on the sidewalk.
“He came out scared,” Mr. Mora said. “Run-
ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The police investigating the bodega in Morrisania, the Bronx, where Reynaldo Cuevas, 20, was killed. Video from the shooting is at nytimes.com/nyregion.
Just After Closing Time, a Fatal Split Second
Police Bullet Kills a Bodega Worker Fleeing Armed Robbers in the Bronx
KIRSTEN LUCE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Armando Sanchez and Maria Escolastico, center, comfort each other. Both were friends of
Mr. Cuevas, who was helping to support a 3-year-old daughter in the Dominican Republic. 
Reynaldo 
Cuevas
Continued on Page A19
Twice a day, Patria de los Santos, a
squat woman in her 50s, bends and
gently rubs a little water on this new
and tender and unwelcome addition to
her otherwise unmarked body. She fol-
lows with a bit of antibiotic
ointment. Then she replaces
the bandage above her left
knee. Her bullet wound. 
“I can walk, but with diffi-
culty,” she said. “I have to
rest frequently. When I sit, I
have to change the position and chair.” 
Ms. Santos was on her way to work at
Joseph Paris, a wig manufacturer for
chemotherapy patients, on that fateful
day last month, but nobody has heard of
the Joseph Paris shooting. The world
knows it as the Empire State Building
shooting, in which a disgruntled former
employee of an apparel importer fatally
shot a former co-worker outside the
landmark skyscraper on Aug. 24. Police
officers shot and killed the gunman, but
in the process, their stray bullets, frag-
ments of bullets and flying chunks of de-
bris struck nine bystanders. 
One of them was Ms. Santos. She be-
came an unwilling member of a small
club of passers-by shot by the police. Its
numbers have grown little in recent
years — one here, two there — but with
a stubborn consistency. They are of a
separate breed than the sort of acciden-
tal-discharge shooting that seemed to
have taken place Friday morning in the
Bronx, when an officer fatally shot an
employee of a bodega fleeing a robbery
in the store. 
Last month’s nine wounded bystand-
ers remain largely unknown. Most have
referred reporters to newly hired law-
yers and have returned to anonymous
lives and their changed bodies, their
new slings and ointments and doctor’s
appointments, and questions from
friends and family. 
In the Bronx, a tour-bus employee
nurses a flesh wound on his arm, while
not too far away, a young woman hob-
bles with a bullet lodged behind her
kneecap. Another tour-bus worker re-
mains in Bellevue Hospital Center with
a thigh wound. In North Carolina, a
massage therapist is recovering from
surgery to mend her shattered femur. 
Luckier than some, but not all, Ms.
Santos, an immigrant from the Domini-
can Republic and the mother of a grown
daughter, landed somewhere in the
middle. 
That day had begun with a change of
plans. She normally took a subway from
her home in Morningside Heights to
Seventh Avenue and West 34th Street,
then a crosstown bus to Madison Ave-
nue and Joseph Paris, her employer of
17 years. But the bus was too crowded
that Friday morning. “So I took off,” she
said, deciding to walk. “I didn’t want to
wait and be late.” She was crossing Fifth
Avenue when she heard what sounded
like fireworks and felt a burning behind
her left knee. 
She ran to a Duane Reade drugstore.
“I felt the blood running down my leg,”
she said. She saw a man outside lying in
the street, and wanted to help, but felt
unable. A store manager helped her into
an ambulance. 
Doctors removed a chunk of a bullet
from her leg and showed it to her before
sending her home that afternoon. She
felt feverish for days, with a mysterious
pain in her left arm that seemed linked
to the wound solely by her system of
nerves. “My whole body is reacting,”
she said a week after the shooting. 
The bulkier bandage has been re-
placed by a Band-Aid, the wound itself a
red, perfectly circular patch of rough
scab. “It’s closing very well,” she said.
Her niece recently celebrated her 14th
birthday in Ms. Santos’s apartment in-
stead of her own, so that the aunt would
not have to travel. The girl has asked to
see the wound. “How is it that some-
thing like that could happen?” she
asked her aunt. 
Ms. Santos never had much use for
the Empire State Building — “It’s not
my favorite place to go,” and she’s nev-
er gone higher than the first floor — but
the neighborhood is not without its
charms. She has long enjoyed visiting
the Lord & Taylor store nearby, where
she went window shopping. “I felt very
safe in that area,” she said. “I never
thought something could happen there.” 
Her eyes fill with tears when she
speaks of that day, and for that, she
hopes to see a therapist. “I want to
move forward, get back to work,” some-
thing she is afraid to do now, she said.
Her employer told her to take her time.
Sitting on her sofa in her sensible
shoes and skirt, beside a statue of the
Blessed Mother, Ms. Santos is told the
bullet wound makes her look tough. She
does not smile. “In this situation, you
have to be,” she said. “If you’re not,
you’ll fall into depression and not get
better.” 
The Bullet
Didn’t Leave
The Only Scar
A bystander shot outside
the Empire State Building
tends to her changed life. 
E-mail: crimescene@nytimes.com
Twitter: @mwilsonnyt 
MICHAEL
WILSON 
CRIME
SCENE 
Daniel Krieger contributed reporting. 
By DANNY HAKIM
and WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM
A judge authorized a special prosecu-
tor on Friday to expand his criminal in-
vestigation into sexual harassment
claims that two female staff members
brought against Assemblyman Vito J.
Lopez, giving the prosecutor the power
to examine whether crimes were com-
mitted when public and private money
was paid to settle similar complaints
brought by two other female staff mem-
bers. 
The two-page order issued by the
judge, Fern A. Fisher, the deputy chief
administrative judge for the New York
City courts, broadened the authority
that she had conferred on the special
prosecutor, the Staten Island district at-
torney, Daniel M. Donovan Jr., in an ini-
tial order she issued on Aug. 31. 
The move — which will most likely fo-
cus attention on the role of the Assem-
bly speaker, Sheldon Silver, in approv-
ing the settlement — came as the Lopez
scandal continued to make waves in po-
litical circles and engulfed the state’s
new ethics commission in controversy
of its own. 
The commission itself also hastily
called a special meeting for Monday
morning, though it did not reveal its
purpose. Adding to the chaos, the most
outspoken member of the commission,
Ravi Batra, said in a statement that he
had complained to federal law enforce-
ment officials about political interfer-
ence in the commission’s operations,
though it was not clear how federal laws
might come into play. He resigned a few
hours after issuing the statement. 
Also on Friday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuo-
mo threatened to impanel a special
commission to investigate the scandal,
using powers conferred on governors
by the state’s century-old Moreland Act.
His announcement came a day after
The New York Times reported that the
ethics commission had, at least initially,
limited its own formal investigation to
Mr. Lopez, and did not include the is-
sues now being reviewed by the special
prosecutor. 
Speaking in a radio interview with his
predecessor, David A. Paterson, Mr.
Cuomo said the state was taking a hard-
er line on ethical lapses, despite the lim-
ited approach to the Lopez scandal. 
“Bad things will happen, but we have
zero tolerance for allowing it to contin-
ue,” said Mr. Cuomo, who like Mr. Lopez
and Mr. Silver is a Democrat. “It’s not a
good thing, and the publicity about it is
not good, and it’s not good on a personal
level. Sometimes you think about the
example we’re setting for our kids.”
Mr. Cuomo, addressing Mr. Paterson,
added, “It is life, Governor, and it is re-
ality, and it is going to happen.” 
The misconduct claims surfaced on
Aug. 24, when Mr. Silver said he was
censuring Mr. Lopez, 71, after the bipar-
tisan Assembly Ethics Committee said
it had found credible evidence that Mr.
Lopez had groped, kissed and verbally
harassed two female employees. Re-
ports soon emerged that Mr. Silver had
approved the secret settlement of simi-
lar claims against Mr. Lopez brought by
two other women. 
Judge Fisher said in her order that
she was acting in response to a request
filed by Mr. Donovan on Thursday.
She wrote that, in addition to in-
vestigating possible crimes related to
the two claims that had led to the cen-
sure, Mr. Donovan was “also authorized
to investigate allegations that funds,
both public and private, were disbursed
in and around June 2012” to settle the
earlier complaints, “in possible viola-
tion of the Penal Law, the Election Law,
the Public Officers Law and other stat-
utes, and to prosecute any charges aris-
ing out of that conduct.” 
A spokesman for Mr. Donovan, Peter
N. Spencer, declined to comment on the
new order.
Mr. Lopez’s lawyer, Gerald B. Lef-
court, who has repeatedly denied the
sexual harassment claims that have
been leveled against his client, said he
was confident that when Mr. Donovan
“looks at all the facts concerning As-
semblyman Lopez, he will find that no
prosecution is warranted.” 
A spokesman for Mr. Silver said, “The
speaker has made it very clear that he
desires a thorough investigation to get
all the facts out regarding this matter.”
The State Senate majority leader,
Dean G. Skelos, the state’s top Repub-
lican, also weighed in on Friday, calling
for “a thorough investigation of the As-
sembly’s handling” of the Lopez case
and urging all of the state’s ethics com-
missioners to vote in support of such an
investigation. 
Judge Fisher had appointed Mr. Don-
ovan in response to a request by the
Brooklyn district attorney, Charles J.
Hynes, that a special prosecutor be
named to investigate Mr. Lopez, who is
also the Brooklyn Democratic Party
leader. Mr. Hynes recused himself from
the case after citing his own political
ties to Mr. Lopez, who has supported his
re-election campaigns. 
Judge Widens Scope of Prosecutor’s Investigation in Lopez Case
Authorizing a look at
whether crimes were
committed while settling
harassment complaints.
Ø
N
A17
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Sept. 7, 2012
Midday New York Numbers
— 979; Lucky Sum— 25 
Midday New York Win 4 —
6323; Lucky Sum— 14 
New York Numbers — 776;
Lucky Sum— 20 
New York Win 4 —9592;
Lucky Sum — 25
New York Take 5 — 7, 8, 10, 14,
39
New York Pick 10 — 6, 12, 18,
19, 20, 24, 28, 32, 38, 48, 50, 51,
54, 56, 64, 68, 69, 75, 78, 79
Midday New Jersey Pick 3 —
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New Jersey Pick 3 — 624
New Jersey Pick 4 —1103
New Jersey Cash 5 — 3, 20, 31,
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Mega Millions — 15, 32, 38, 42,
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Connecticut Midday 3 — 332
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Connecticut Cash 5 — 14, 16,
22, 28, 32
Connecticut Classic Lotto — 3,
25, 33, 38, 39, 43
Sept. 6, 2012
New York Take 5 — 2, 21, 23,
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New York Sweet Million — 7,
17, 19, 24, 29, 39
Connecticut Daily — 216
Connecticut Play 4 — 7941
Connecticut Cash 5 — 4, 9, 13,
22, 30
New England Lucky For Life
— 4, 18, 31, 39, 40; Lucky Ball
— 6 
Lottery Numbers 
By AL BAKER
A dozen Stuyvesant High
School students have been sus-
pended and more than 50 others
are facing suspension because of
new evidence that has emerged
in a continuing investigation of
cheating during final exams in
June, school officials said Friday.
Previously, the bulk of the stu-
dents in the episode, which in-
volved cellphones and embar-
rassed one of the country’s most
prestigious public schools, faced
only the loss of some class privi-
leges, including the right to leave
school for lunch or join the Stu-
dent Union, an important college
résumé-building activity.
But now, in addition to the 12
already suspended, 54 others
who officials said were involved
are facing possible suspension
for up to five days. The 12 re-
ceived suspensions of up to 10
days, the most severe form of the
punishment, and will begin serv-
ing their punishments next week
after hearings, Connie Pankratz,
a spokeswoman for the New York
City Education Department, said. 
Lengths of the possible suspen-
sion for the other 54 will be set af-
ter the principal can schedule
conferences with parents and the
students, who were involved in
cheating during end-of-the-year
state Regents exams and a city-
wide language exam.
Ms. Pankratz said that for the
students who received the lower
form of suspension, known as a
principal’s suspension, the pun-
ishment would not “go into their
permanent record.” For students
who receive the highest form of
suspension, called a superintend-
ent’s suspension, a superintend-
ent would determine “how long it
will stay on their record before
it’s expunged.” 
Suspensions do not automat-
ically result in involuntary trans-
fers to other schools, said Ms.
Pankratz, who added that she
could not comment on whether
any of the Stuyvesant students
would be transferred.
Any punishment presents in-
creased pressure for affected stu-
dents, all of them currently sen-
iors in the midst of applying to
colleges. There are 855 seniors at
the school this year.
In a separate letter addressed
to the high school community
and dated Friday, the school’s
new interim principal, Jie Zhang,
made plain just how insidious ac-
ademic dishonesty could be. 
“Such acts undermine the rep-
utation of this school and hurt our
students individually and collec-
tively,” Ms. Zhang wrote.
Also, Ms. Zhang wrote of the
possibility of creating a school
honor code, to be “a public sign of
our commitment to uphold aca-
demic integrity.” She outlined
plans for all students and their
parents to sign an “academic
honesty policy” that would ac-
knowledge the penalties for in-
fractions like plagiarism, resub-
mitting prior work and sharing
answers to exam questions. 
So far this school year, she has
taken a harder line on the use of
cellphones in the school, an Edu-
cation Department official said.
On Thursday and Friday, the first
days of the school year, 17 cell-
phones were confiscated from
students, the official said, and
held until parents could come to
retrieve them.
While cellphones are not per-
mitted in city schools, several
students have said that enforce-
ment had been lax at Stuyvesant.
The school uncovered the
cheating on June 18 after a cell-
phone confiscated from a 16-year-
old junior led to messages  that
suggested students had been
sharing information. 
In August, the principal of 13
years, Stanley Teitel, announced
his retirement from the Lower
Manhattan school. Investigators
with the Education Department
are continuing their inquiry into
whether Mr. Teitel and other
school administrators followed
protocol in reporting the initial
episode to the city and the state,
Ms. Pankratz, the department
spokeswoman, said.
“As we said at the start of this
investigation, we have zero toler-
ance for cheating or academic
dishonesty of any kind, and the
students involved in this incident
will now face disciplinary action,”
Schools Chancellor Dennis M.
Walcott said in a statement. 
“I want to thank Principal
Zhang for her assistance and for
the steps she has already taken
to restore academic integrity.” 
Students Are Suspended 
In Stuyvesant Cheating
By SHARON OTTERMAN
A cluster of young
Muslims in
matching yellow
T-shirts and broad
smiles handed out
free school sup-
plies to a line of
needy families in front of a gated
construction site in the waning
days of summer. Across the quiet
residential street, two men
glared at them, holding up pro-
test signs.
The narrow avenue divided the
two views of a three-story
mosque and Islamic community
center that is slowly being built
on Voorheis Avenue in Sheeps-
head Bay, Brooklyn, capturing
the lingering tensions over a
project that has split this multi-
ethnic, but mostly Russian-Jew-
ish, residential neighborhood
that hugs the Atlantic shoreline.
The mosque’s backers say 150
to 200 Muslim families who live
within walking distance are in
need of a local place to pray. The
mosque, they want to reassure
neighbors, will be an asset, pro-
viding afterschool activities to
children, a Boy Scout troop open
to all and charity events, like the
school supply giveaway.
“Wherever we go, there’s al-
ways going to be that negative
first reaction, because a lot of
people aren’t educated about Is-
lam,” said Jose Luis Solis, 27, of
Bensonhurst, who helped at the
charity event. “We just got to
stand our ground and be posi-
tive.”
But a determined group of op-
ponents see in the half-built con-
crete and brick frame a provoca-
tion. To them, it is a blight, a
source of future traffic conges-
tion and worse: a beachhead for
Muslim expansion in Brooklyn
and a beacon for anti-Semitism.
“Yes, they are smiling, but you
know what’s behind their
smiles?” said Leonid Krupnik, 62,
one of the two protesters late last
month. Like many of the
mosque’s opponents, he has
strong memories of anti-Semi-
tism as a Jew from the former So-
viet Union. “Hatred. They want
to create a caliphate. They want
to push people out of this neigh-
borhood.”
It was a variation on a scene
that has been repeated across the
country when Muslims want to
build a mosque, most memorably
in the fight over a proposed Mus-
lim community center near
ground zero. Though federal law
makes blocking construction of a
house of worship very difficult, in
the decade after the Sept. 11 at-
tacks, the federal Justice Depart-
ment opened more than 28 inves-
tigations of efforts to interfere
with the construction of mosques
and Islamic centers, according to
department statistics.
In Sheepshead Bay, a group of
opponents to the mosque who
call themselves the Bay People
have grown increasingly frustrat-
ed as each of their legal efforts
failed. Now, they admit they have
little legal recourse left.
Mr. Krupnik and other oppo-
nents say they are being unfairly
typecast as xenophobes and rac-
ists. They do nevertheless worry
that the neighborhood will
change so much that non-Mus-
lims will want to leave and they
fear that the mosque will be used
to promote radical thinking.
“If the area, suddenly, is like a
suburb of some Muslim country,
it’s not very pleasant,” said Alex-
andr Tenenbaum, who lives sev-
eral blocks away. “I am always
scared because you see these
kind of people, but we can’t say
it.”
The Muslims behind the
mosque say they have heard it all
before. They have fought the le-
gal challenges with the hope that
the anger will subside once the
building opens. Even as the dirty
looks continue, the level of oppo-
sition seems to have eased.
Last year, the back-to-school
giveaway drew so many protest-
ers, the police responded to keep
order; this year, there were only
two, which the mosque’s backers
suggested is a good sign. 
The dispute began in 2008,
when Allowey Ahmed, a Yemeni
immigrant and laundromat own-
er, paid $800,000 for a single-fam-
ily home on a double lot at 2812
Voorheis Avenue with the inten-
tion of replacing the house with a
mosque. 
Mr. Ahmed did not tell the
neighbors about his plans until
the initial permits were approved
by the city and construction was
under way. When they found out,
from a worker on the site, they
protested to the community
board and rallied in opposition. 
Eventually they sued, arguing
unsuccessfully that the organ-
izers of the mosque, which
stretches to the edge of its lot
amid small single-family bunga-
lows, should be required to pro-
vide parking. 
They still hope, though their
own lawyers say it is highly un-
likely, that the city will change
the zoning law and retroactively
render the structure illegal.
“We understand that this is the
First Amendment, that everyone
has a right to pray, but what
about our rights as a residents?”
said Victor Benari, 58, the other
protester last month. “It’s provo-
cation, 100 percent. Why here?
Why not build on a nice big com-
mercial street?”
With local elections coming up,
politicians, even those who do not
represent the area, have ampli-
fied the issue in recent months. 
David Storobin, who squeaked
out a victory in a special State
Senate election in March and
who is now running in a newly
drawn district that spans much of
Orthodox Jewish Brooklyn,
wrote in June to Mayor Michael
R. Bloomberg, saying the
mosque’s institutional sponsor
“has links to radical organiza-
tions” like Hamas and Hezbollah.
Ben Akselrod, who is running for
the State Assembly in Brooklyn,
has expressed similar fears.
Mr. Storobin’s current district
includes the mosque, but the site
is outside both his new district
and the one Mr. Akselrod seeks to
represent. 
Mr. Ahmed and the Muslim
American Society, which bought
the property from him, say the
suspicion is unfounded. They also
say the statements by the politi-
cians engender hate. 
Mr. Ahmed, who has lived in
the neighborhood since 1997, said
that because of the tolerance he
found in Brooklyn over the years,
he had not expected such deter-
mined opposition. 
Though its construction has
been slowed by frequent com-
plaints to the city’s 311 help line,
and the constant need to raise
money — he estimated $500,000
had been spent on the building so
far — he was hopeful the mosque
would open next spring.
“I wish we could do something
to make them like us,” he said,
“but thank God our rights aren’t
subject to people whether they
like us or not. We have guaran-
teed rights, and that’s what
makes this country wonderful.”
PHOTOGRAPHS BY JULIE GLASSBERG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
A giveaway last month outside the construction site of an Islamic center on Voorheis Avenue. The center could open in the spring. 
SHEEPSHEAD BAY JOURNAL 
A Planned Mosque Inches Along, but Critics Remain
Across the street, Leonid Krupnik, front, and Victor Benari pro-
tested the center and the Muslim American Society. 
A protester says:‘You
know what’s behind
their smiles? Hatred.’
By DAVID M. HALBFINGER
The New York State Education
Department said Friday that it
wanted to create a unit to oversee
contractors in its program for dis-
abled preschoolers, train the con-
tractors about their financial re-
sponsibilities and subject them to
rigorous audits on a regular ba-
sis.
The department was respond-
ing to reports of soaring costs
and brazen fraud in the $2 billion
program for children in special-
education prekindergarten.
It also said it was studying
ways to eliminate financial incen-
tives that encourage contractors
to inflate or even overstate their
expenses — costs that are then
reimbursed by the state and local
governments.
The special-education pre-
school system serves about
60,000 children a year and is far
more expensive, per child, in
New York than in other states,
The New York Times reported in
June. Yearly bills exceed $200,000
a child in some cases. New York
City’s spending has nearly dou-
bled in just six years.
Unlike other states, New York
relies almost entirely on private
contractors to deliver services to
3- to 5-year-olds with physical,
learning, developmental and oth-
er disabilities. One factor in the
rising costs, The Times reported,
is lax oversight, which has been
exploited by some of those con-
tractors, nonprofit and for-profit
companies alike.
Audits released this summer
by the state comptroller have
highlighted contractors who took
millions of dollars from the pro-
gram by giving relatives no-show
jobs or reimbursing themselves
for things like luxury cars, out-of-
state homes and other personal
expenses. Two companies have
been shut down in conjunction
with the audits, and at least four
contractors have been charged
criminally. 
In a memorandum, dated
Thursday, to a committee of the
State Board of Regents, the exec-
utive deputy commissioner of the
Education Department, Valerie
Grey, conceded that the depart-
ment was failing to scrutinize
contractors adequately, but at-
tributed this to a shortage of
workers. An internal review, Ms.
Grey wrote, “concluded that a
significant number of staff need-
ed to be added to perform base-
line program oversight duties.”
For example, the department’s
rate-setting unit, which reviews
detailed expenditure reports and
student rolls to calculate tuition
reimbursement rates for contrac-
tors, relied on 17 workers to set
more than 2,700 separate rates
for special education programs
last year, she wrote. And de-
creases in the unit’s staff over the
past eight years have doubled the
workload for those who re-
mained, she said.
Ms. Grey also said more work-
ers were needed in regional of-
fices, whose responsibilities in-
clude making periodic site visits
to special education preschools.
(In interviews, contractors have
said these visits are rare.)
Her memo, which did not
specify costs,asked the Regents,
whose approval would be needed
to make the changes, to consider
new audit and training require-
ments for preschool special edu-
cation companies, much like new
rules for public school districts
that were enacted in 2005 after
the theft of $11 million by district
administrators in Roslyn, on
Long Island. It also recommend-
ed making preschool companies
go through a vetting process be-
fore obtaining or renewing con-
tracts, publicly releasing some of
the vast trove of data that is com-
piled by the state about each pre-
school contractor, and reviewing
the way the department handles
allegations by whistle-blowers
about these contractors.
Preschool contractors have be-
come an influential lobbying
force in Albany, where they have
regularly rallied parents of dis-
abled children to protest changes
to the program. But one group of
contractors, Agencies for Chil-
dren’s Therapy Services came
out last month  in favor of re-
forms, including mandatory new
audits, a strict code of conduct
and tough penalties for violators.
State Seeks to Set Up Unit to Oversee Pre-K Contractors
More training and
audits for New York’s
providers of early
special education.
A18
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Metropolitan Forecast
TODAY
..............................Strong storms late
High 82. A strong cold front will approach
from the west. Some showers and thun-
derstorms will break out with the potential
for heavy late-day rain and strong wind. It
will still be humid.
TONIGHT
.....................Stormy, then clearing
Low 65. Showers and thunderstorms will
occur during the evening with the continu-
ing threat of heavy rain and strong winds.
There will be some clear weather later in
the day.
TOMORROW
.....................Cooler, less humid
High 77. The strong front will move off to
the east, bringing cool and less humid
weather to the area. The day will be rain-
free and breezy with a mix of sun and
clouds.
MONDAY
............................Partly sunny, cool
A north flow of cool, dry air will prevail as a
large area of high pressure approaches.
The day will be partly sunny with low hu-
midity and below-average temperatures.
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
................An abundance of sun
A large area of high pressure will bring dry
weather and sunshine with a light breeze.
The humidity will remain low. Tempera-
tures will be 74 on Tuesday and 78 on
Wednesday.
Another warm and humid day will unfold.
There will be a few sunny periods, but over
all clouds will increase as a strong cold
front approaches. Showers and strong to
severe thunderstorms will break out later
in the day or at night. There will be a rising
wind, large swells, rough surf and rip cur-
rents.
A push of cooler, less humid air will ex-
pand southward into Texas and eastward
across the Midwest today. Many areas
over the Plains will be bright and sunny.
Heavy showers and locally gusty thunder-
storms are in store along and ahead of the
front from New England and the eastern
Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. A few of the
storms can be severe with damaging wind
gusts. Any of these downpours can bring
flash flooding and poor visibility. A few wa-
terspouts will occur over the Great Lakes.
Much of the West will be dry and warm
with the winds pushing well north over
Canada. Tropical moisture will continue to
bring spotty thunderstorms to the deserts.
In the Atlantic, Leslie will pick up forward
speed upon nearing Bermuda.
By DAVID W. DUNLAP
In the belief that it ought to ap-
pear as if someone cared about
the city’s second-most-prominent
9/11 memorial, Fritz Koenig’s
sculpture “Sphere for Plaza
Fountain” from the original
World Trade Center, a guerrilla
cleaning crew took matters into
its own gloved hands this week.
The volunteer maintenance
workers arrived Thursday with
water buckets and plenty of rags.
As golden evening light filled
Battery Park, where the
“Sphere” has stood since 2002,
they bathed and gently swabbed
the base of the sculpture. A parks
enforcement patrol car drove by
a couple of times, stopping once
for several minutes. But no one
stepped out.
Maybe the officers did not ob-
ject to seeing four-foot-long
streaks of pigeon droppings be-
ing erased from the curving
bronze forms. Perhaps they did
not mind that someone had fi-
nally picked up and bagged a
dead pigeon that had become
part of the stony landscape
around the sculpture. Maybe
they figured, Hey, someone re-
membered the 11th anniversary
is coming up.
Whatever the case, the con-
stabulary offered no resistance. 
That allowed the volunteers to
finish their job, under the direc-
tion of Michael Burke, whose
brother Capt. William F. Burke Jr.
of Engine Company 21 was killed
on Sept. 11, 2001. Mr. Burke is the
unofficial leader of a campaign to
place the “Sphere” in the 9/11
Memorial at the World Trade
Center site, and to keep it on pub-
lic display in the interim.
A long-planned $16 million ren-
ovation of Battery Park cannot
proceed with the “Sphere” where
it is now. So two questions must
be answered: What place — if
any — does the sculpture have in
the final plans for the new trade
center? And where can it go until
those plans are realized?
The Port Authority of New
York and New Jersey has said it
agrees with Mr. Burke that the
“Sphere” should be returned to
the site. But the National Septem-
ber 11 Memorial and Museum,
whose chairman is Mayor Mi-
chael R. Bloomberg, does not
want the sculpture for a plaza
that is already designed and a
museum collection that is al-
ready assembled. The Port Au-
thority has no power to compel
the memorial and museum to ac-
cept the work.
No one in charge appears to be
in any hurry to end this impasse.
To judge from the condition of the
“Sphere,” they can scarcely be
bothered with routine mainte-
nance, either. So it was left to Mr.
Burke and his confederates to do
a little fixing up before the anni-
versary.
As twilight fell, the little band
seemed gratified by its good
deed, though the volunteers de-
spaired that they could not reach
the elevated globe. Mr. Burke
said Captain Burke would not
have been fazed.
“My brother would have called
in Ladder 10,” he said, referring
to the nearest fire company, “and
just had them spray it down.” 
News and
conversa-
tion from the
five boroughs:
nytimes.com/cityroom
City Room
Sculpture From World Trade Center Gets a Bath but Needs a Home
DAVID W. DUNLAP/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Volunteers including Michael Burke, at right, brother of a Fire Department captain, William F.
Burke Jr., killed on Sept. 11, cleaned “Sphere for Plaza Fountain” in Battery Park on Thursday.
With an anniversary
near, a cleanup crew
goes to work.
90°
80°
70°
60°
Record
highs
Normal
highs
Normal
lows
Record
lows
M T W T  F  S  S M T W
TODAY
High          High
Actual
Forecast
range
LowLow
80s
7
0s
60s
Color bands
indicate water
temperature.
 89/69 Turning stormy
Virginia Beach
 86/65 Turning stormy
Ocean City Md.
 87/64 Strong storms late
Eastern Shore
 82/67 Strong storms late
N.J. Shore
 84/64 Strong storms late
L.I. South Shore
 84/62 Strong storms late
L.I. North Shore
 77/68 Mostly cloudy and breezy
Cape Cod
 78/63 Turning out cloudy
Kennebunkport
Today’s forecast
LESLIE
H
H
H
L
L
L
80s
80s
70s
0s
s
s
s
50s
4
0s
30s
100+
10
100+
100+
100+
0+
9
0
s
90s
9
90
s
90s
9
90s
s
90s
90s
90
s
80s
80s
80s
80
80s
70s
70s
70s
70s
7
7
70
7
0s
0
70s
70s
70s
7
0s
7
0s
s
60s
s
60s
6
60
0s
0
s
s
50s
0
Pi
err
e
Bismarck
B
B
F
arg
o
Minneapolis
n
St. Paul
S
Chicago
o
kee
Milwauk
Indianapolis
i
D
etro
it
Cle
Cleveland
Cle
eland
eland
d
d
Pittsburgh
Pittsbu
Pittsbu
Washington
Wash
ash
Philadelphia
Phi
New York
N
chmond
Richm
Norfolk
N
N
N
gh
igh
Raleig
eig
Charlotte
harlotte
harlotte
bia
b
Colum
m
Atlanta
a
Jacksonville
J
Orlando
O
Tampa
a
Mi
am
i
N
assa
u
Birmingham
m
Mobile
Mo
New
New
Orleans
Jackson
n
Baton Rouge
o
Rock
Little Rock
Rock
Memphis
Nas
hvill
e
Louis
v
ille
Charleston
C
to
o
rlesto
Sioux Falls
o
per
Caspe
pe
Cheyenne
C
Ch
h
C
h
eyenne
De
nv
er
Colorado
orado
orado
Sp
prings
Sp
eg
Winnipeg
R
eg
i
n
a
Billi
n
gs
H
e
l
en
a
Boise
Bo
Bo
Spokane
okan
okan
V
Vancouver
V
S
eattl
e
R
e
n
o
S
Sa
a
a
an Francis
a
n Francisco
n Francis
co
F
r
es
n
o
Los
Los Ang
Los
geles
g
S
San
an 
an
n Diego
n 
o
H
ono
l
u
lu
Hilo
H
F
Fairba
rbanks
rba
Anchorage
A
Anchorage
A
Juneau
eau
oenix
hoe
oen
Pho
ho
Tucson
T
T
as
Las
Las
Vegas
S
alt Lak
e
C
it
y
Alb
uquerqu
e
S
anta Fe
ck
Lubboc
c
El
 
P
as
o
F
t
. W
o
r
t
h
D
a
ll
as
O
klahoma 
C
it
y
S
San Antonio
Sa
S
S
S
ston
Housto
Corpus Christi
C
Monterr
rey
re
Eugen
en
ne
n
e
e
Portla
and
nd
nd
Alban
ny
n
Hartford
Har
a
a
Buffalo
Buffalo
Buffalo
Toronto
Toronto
Ottawa
Mon
ntreal
on
c
Quebec
bec
bec
Burl
lington
l
n
on
Manchester
Ma
M
M
M
M
Boston
s
B
Portland
Por
Halifax
H
D
es 
M
o
i
ne
s
O
mah
a
peka
Top
ope
Wi
c
hi
t
a
K
ansa
s
C
it
y
St. Louis
Springfield
i
Strong thunderstorms will 
move into the 
mid-Atlantic and the
Northeast this afternoon 
and tonight. The storms 
will bring very heavy rain 
and wind gusts over 50 
miles per hour. The 
severe weather is a result 
of a strong cold front 
advancing into the
Appalachians. Much 
cooler air behind the front 
will hold temperatures
in the 60s across the 
Great Lakes region today.
Highlight: Strong Thunderstorms in the East
MUCH
COOLER
GUSTY
THUNDERSTORMS
50°
60°
70°
80°
90°
100°
4
p.m.
12
a.m.
6
a.m.
12
p.m.
4
p.m.
Record
high 101°
(1881)
Normal
high 78°
Normal
low 64°
Record
low 46°
(1888)
THU.YESTERDAY
71°
6 a.m.
86°
3 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Temperature
............. +4.8°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.4°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 76%Yesterday
............. 80%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 2.07Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 2.24Actual
.................... 4.10Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 41.99Actual
.................. 49.93Normal
LAST 30 DAYS
Air pressure              Humidity
Cooling Degree Days
Trends
........... 29.95 9 a.m.High
............ 29.89 3 a.m.Low
............. 89% 6 a.m.High
.............. 54% 2 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
p
are with those of the last 30 
y
ears.
................................................................... 14Yesterday
........................................................ 85So far this month
...................... 1203So far this season (since January 1)
............................... 1005Normal to date for the season
Last      10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Temperature
Average
Below    Above
Precipitation
Average
Below    Above
H   L
TODAY’S HIGHS
FRONTS                              PRESSURE
COLD                                                  HIGH LOW                                          RAINSHOWERS                                                  ICEFLURRIES    SNOWT-STORMSMOSTLY
CLOUDY
WARM   STATIONARY COMPLEX
COLD
PRECIPITATION
<0           0s          10s         20s         30s         40s         50s         60s         70s         80s         90s        100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
Cities
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 
p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in 
inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ............ Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
Sun
Jupiter
Saturn
Moon
Mars
Venus
National Forecast
Boating
Last Quarter      New      First Quarter         Full
Sep. 8         Sep. 15        Sep. 22        Sep. 29
Beach and Ocean Temperatures
10:09 p.m. 11:17 p.m.
 RISE
 6:30 a.m.
 
SET
 7:16 p.m.
 
NEXT R
 6:31 a.m.
 R
 11:16 p.m.
 
S
 2:05 p.m.
 R
 9:53 a.m.
 
S
 9:01 p.m.
 S
 2:12 p.m.
 
R
 11:56 p.m.
 
S
 2:59 p.m.
 R
 11:07 a.m.
 
S
 9:22 p.m.
 R
 2:50 a.m.
 
S
 5:10 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
    82/ 65 T 77/ 60 PC
Bridgeport 81/ 69 0 82/ 64 T 76/ 56 PC
Caldwell 88/ 67 0 83/ 59 T 75/ 50 PC
Danbury 84/ 64 0.12 85/ 58 T 73/ 48 PC
Islip 82/ 67 0 80/ 64 C 76/ 57 PC
Newark 88/ 70 0.08 83/ 64 T 77/ 58 PC
Trenton 87/ 67 0.01 85/ 61 T 74/ 54 PC
White Plains 85/ 66 0.03 82/ 61 T 74/ 54 PC
Albany 90/ 67 0.08 82/ 57 T 69/ 50 PC
Albuquerque 95/ 61 0 76/ 59 PC 84/ 65 PC
Anchorage 54/ 43 0.12 56/ 43 PC 57/ 40 S
Atlanta 91/ 72 0 82/ 62 T 80/ 63 PC
Atlantic City 83/ 72 0 82/ 67 T 78/ 61 PC
Austin 100/ 73 0 91/ 63 PC 93/ 58 S
Baltimore 89/ 68 0 86/ 60 T 78/ 58 S
Baton Rouge 95/ 74 0 90/ 62 T 85/ 61 S
Birmingham 91/ 74 0 82/ 58 T 80/ 59 PC
Boise 86/ 58 0 91/ 65 S 91/ 56 T
Boston 82/ 69 0 82/ 67 C 77/ 57 PC
Buffalo 82/ 67 0 70/ 53 T 69/ 53 Sh
Burlington 83/ 64 0 80/ 58 T 67/ 45 PC
Casper 70/ 41 Tr 79/ 49 S 86/ 57 PC
Charlotte 88/ 69 0 88/ 60 T 80/ 56 PC
Chattanooga 92/ 70 0 80/ 58 T 81/ 56 PC
Chicago 77/ 57 0.06 70/ 55 PC 72/ 55 S
Cincinnati 88/ 64 0 74/ 52 T 77/ 54 PC
Cleveland 83/ 66 0.05 69/ 54 T 72/ 53 C
Colorado Springs 70/ 47 0 80/ 52 PC 82/ 54 PC
Columbus 88/ 68 0 72/ 53 R 75/ 55 PC
Concord, N.H. 85/ 62 0 82/ 61 C 75/ 44 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 102/ 66 0 86/ 62 PC 88/ 64 S
Denver 70/ 48 0.03 82/ 54 S 88/ 61 PC
Des Moines 74/ 49 0.03 76/ 50 S 80/ 52 S
Detroit 81/ 61 0 69/ 52 R 71/ 50 C
El Paso 94/ 70 0 82/ 64 T 86/ 69 PC
Fargo 69/ 46 0 75/ 42 S 78/ 55 S
Hartford 87/ 67 0 84/ 62 C 74/ 50 PC
Honolulu 88/ 69 0.08 87/ 71 Sh 87/ 73 S
Houston 96/ 76 0 93/ 64 PC 90/ 64 S
Indianapolis 83/ 60 0.03 72/ 55 PC 77/ 55 S
Jackson 93/ 72 0 84/ 58 T 81/ 57 S
Jacksonville 91/ 72 0.18 88/ 72 T 85/ 71 T
Kansas City 83/ 50 0.04 77/ 53 S 81/ 56 S
Key West 89/ 79 0 88/ 79 PC 88/ 80 PC
Las Vegas 98/ 83 0 99/ 84 PC 96/ 79 T
Lexington 88/ 66 0 74/ 51 T 76/ 53 PC
Little Rock 98/ 66 0 82/ 57 PC 82/ 58 S
Los Angeles 86/ 67 0 89/ 68 PC 89/ 65 PC
Louisville 90/ 68 0 75/ 55 T 79/ 57 PC
Memphis 96/ 67 0 78/ 58 PC 82/ 61 S
Miami 89/ 76 0.03 90/ 78 PC 91/ 78 PC
Milwaukee 77/ 54 0.02 72/ 56 PC 70/ 57 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 70/ 49 Tr 74/ 48 S 76/ 55 S
Nashville 93/ 71 0 76/ 55 T 79/ 56 PC
New Orleans 90/ 75 0 90/ 68 T 83/ 67 PC
Norfolk 84/ 72 0 88/ 67 T 77/ 62 PC
Oklahoma City 105/ 56 0.03 83/ 54 PC 88/ 56 S
Omaha 70/ 47 Tr 78/ 49 S 82/ 56 S
Orlando 90/ 73 0.29 91/ 75 T 88/ 75 T
Philadelphia 89/ 72 0 87/ 64 T 77/ 60 PC
Phoenix 97/ 81 0.53 102/ 84 T 101/ 84 T
Pittsburgh 84/ 68 0 71/ 53 T 69/ 51 C
Portland, Me. 82/ 64 0 76/ 64 C 75/ 49 PC
Portland, Ore. 91/ 59 0 86/ 56 PC 75/ 53 PC
Providence 83/ 68 0 84/ 66 C 79/ 54 PC
Raleigh 87/ 71 0 91/ 63 T 82/ 56 PC
Reno 89/ 61 0 94/ 61 S 92/ 56 S
Richmond 88/ 68 0 89/ 61 T 79/ 56 PC
Rochester 84/ 67 0 70/ 52 T 68/ 49 Sh
Sacramento 90/ 60 0 89/ 54 S 85/ 52 S
Salt Lake City 83/ 58 0 82/ 61 S 93/ 64 PC
San Antonio 100/ 76 0 94/ 65 PC 93/ 64 S
San Diego 81/ 69 0 81/ 71 PC 80/ 69 PC
San Francisco 67/ 53 0 67/ 53 PC 64/ 52 PC
San Jose 77/ 55 0 75/ 55 S 74/ 53 S
San Juan 90/ 77 0 90/ 77 S 90/ 76 S
Seattle 85/ 56 0 84/ 54 PC 68/ 50 PC
Sioux Falls 72/ 43 0 76/ 43 S 79/ 57 S
Spokane 82/ 54 0 86/ 58 PC 82/ 51 PC
St. Louis 93/ 58 0 76/ 55 PC 80/ 57 S
St. Thomas 88/ 78 0 89/ 78 S 89/ 77 S
Syracuse 84/ 68 0 76/ 55 T 68/ 49 Sh
Tampa 88/ 75 0.02 88/ 76 PC 87/ 76 T
Toledo 79/ 58 0.05 70/ 49 R 74/ 47 PC
Tucson 87/ 75 0 93/ 72 T 95/ 74 T
Tulsa 101/ 56 0.02 80/ 52 S 87/ 57 S
Virginia Beach 84/ 73 0 89/ 69 T 77/ 64 PC
Washington 89/ 73 0 86/ 61 T 78/ 59 S
Wichita 84/ 54 0.12 84/ 55 S 88/ 59 S
Wilmington, Del. 85/ 70 0.01 87/ 59 T 77/ 56 S
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 82/ 66 0 91/ 67 S 90/ 67 T
Cairo 93/ 73 0 92/ 73 S 92/ 73 S
Cape Town 72/ 47 0 68/ 46 S 61/ 52 Sh
Dakar 86/ 77 0.54 88/ 78 T 88/ 78 S
Johannesburg 52/ 43 0.14 63/ 46 PC 69/ 53 S
Nairobi 73/ 57 0.10 77/ 51 PC 82/ 52 T
Tunis 88/ 69 0 89/ 69 S 92/ 72 S
Baghdad 108/ 79 0 109/ 74 S 108/ 78 S
Bangkok 86/ 77 0.06 92/ 77 Sh 92/ 77 T
Beijing 77/ 64 0.08 85/ 62 R 88/ 63 S
Damascus 99/ 61 0 97/ 58 S 95/ 61 S
Hong Kong 91/ 82 0 89/ 77 T 89/ 79 T
Jakarta 92/ 73 0.03 93/ 74 S 92/ 75 T
Jerusalem 86/ 67 0 83/ 65 S 82/ 64 S
Karachi 99/ 77 0.24 100/ 80 T 96/ 82 T
Manila 88/ 79 0.09 90/ 77 T 88/ 77 T
Mumbai 86/ 81 0.16 89/ 81 R 88/ 79 R
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 92/ 78 0.12 89/ 79 T 93/ 78 T
Riyadh 103/ 79 0 102/ 73 S 103/ 76 S
Seoul 81/ 61 0.48 75/ 64 R 79/ 66 R
Shanghai 84/ 73 0.29 89/ 77 PC 83/ 71 T
Singapore 88/ 73 0.52 88/ 77 T 87/ 76 T
Sydney 70/ 54 0 68/ 43 PC 70/ 41 S
Taipei 93/ 81 0.12 94/ 78 PC 90/ 76 T
Tehran 88/ 70 0 89/ 75 S 89/ 74 S
Tokyo 86/ 75 0.25 87/ 77 Sh 88/ 78 PC
Amsterdam 70/ 54 0 75/ 55 S 79/ 62 S
Athens 90/ 75 0 83/ 72 S 88/ 72 S
Berlin 66/ 50 0.16 72/ 55 PC 78/ 60 PC
Brussels 75/ 50 0 75/ 52 S 83/ 60 S
Budapest 75/ 41 0 83/ 56 S 83/ 55 S
Copenhagen 66/ 57 0.20 68/ 58 PC 66/ 60 C
Dublin 68/ 55 0 70/ 54 PC 66/ 54 R
Edinburgh 66/ 59 0.01 64/ 47 PC 68/ 55 R
Frankfurt 79/ 45 0 73/ 55 S 83/ 64 S
Geneva 75/ 52 0 84/ 53 S 80/ 56 S
Helsinki 52/ 45 0.15 57/ 46 Sh 61/ 46 PC
Istanbul 82/ 70 0 82/ 67 S 80/ 70 S
Kiev 64/ 50 0 64/ 53 PC 66/ 49 Sh
Lisbon 82/ 70 0 84/ 63 S 79/ 63 S
London 79/ 52 0 79/ 55 S 80/ 60 PC
Madrid 90/ 62 0 90/ 61 PC 86/ 59 PC
Moscow 57/ 48 0 63/ 48 Sh 51/ 42 R
Nice 79/ 72 0 82/ 70 S 82/ 68 PC
Oslo 61/ 37 0 64/ 44 Sh 64/ 55 C
Paris 79/ 45 0 80/ 56 S 88/ 61 S
Prague 70/ 45 0 73/ 50 PC 76/ 51 S
Rome 82/ 66 0 84/ 65 S 83/ 64 S
St. Petersburg 55/ 48 0.28 56/ 46 Sh 60/ 43 Sh
Stockholm 61/ 46 0.05 63/ 43 S 64/ 50 PC
Vienna 75/ 48 0 75/ 57 S 79/ 60 S
Warsaw 61/ 50 0.10 64/ 48 C 69/ 51 PC
Acapulco 88/ 76 0.31 90/ 76 T 90/ 78 T
Bermuda 86/ 79 0 84/ 77 R 80/ 77 R
Edmonton 73/ 41 0 77/ 42 S 76/ 44 S
Guadalajara 79/ 60 0.16 81/ 59 T 82/ 58 T
Havana 91/ 72 0 92/ 71 T 91/ 70 Sh
Kingston 91/ 79 0 90/ 77 S 90/ 78 S
Martinique 91/ 73 0.02 88/ 74 Sh 88/ 75 R
Mexico City 79/ 55 0.05 77/ 53 T 74/ 52 T
Monterrey 99/ 74 0 101/ 71 PC 90/ 70 T
Montreal 79/ 61 0 79/ 59 T 68/ 52 PC
Nassau 88/ 77 0.06 89/ 78 PC 92/ 76 S
Panama City 90/ 75 0.25 89/ 74 T 90/ 74 T
Quebec City 75/ 57 Tr 72/ 57 T 66/ 50 PC
Santo Domingo 90/ 72 0 89/ 70 S 89/ 71 C
Toronto 77/ 61 0.01 68/ 53 R 65/ 48 PC
Vancouver 70/ 55 0 72/ 59 PC 65/ 55 PC
Winnipeg 59/ 48 0.01 72/ 42 S 76/ 55 S
Buenos Aires 64/ 59 1.17 68/ 50 S 61/ 48 S
Caracas 94/ 77 0.04 92/ 77 S 93/ 77 S
Lima 65/ 61 0 66/ 56 PC 67/ 56 S
Quito 75/ 55 0 69/ 48 T 71/ 47 R
Recife 84/ 70 0.01 83/ 74 R 83/ 75 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 77/ 66 0 87/ 73 S 89/ 69 S
Santiago 59/ 39 0 70/ 45 S 73/ 45 S
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 
nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New 
York Harbor.
Small craft advisory for the ocean. Wind will be south 
rising to 15-30 knots. Waves will be 4-7 feet on the 
ocean and 1-3 feet on Long Island Sound and New 
York Harbor. Visibility reduced in any showers.
Atlantic City  ................... 1:14 a.m.  .............. 1:41 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet  ................ 1:36 a.m.  .............. 1:48 p.m.
The Battery  .................... 2:25 a.m.  .............. 2:32 p.m.
Beach Haven  ................. 3:06 a.m.  .............. 3:18 p.m.
Bridgeport  ..................... 5:21 a.m.  .............. 5:38 p.m.
City Island  ...................... 5:19 a.m.  .............. 5:10 p.m.
Fire Island Lt.  ................. 2:34 a.m.  .............. 2:46 p.m.
Montauk Point  ................ 3:07 a.m.  .............. 3:49 p.m.
Northport  ....................... 5:16 a.m.  .............. 5:33 p.m.
Port Washington  ............ 5:05 a.m.  .............. 4:56 p.m.
Sandy Hook  ................... 1:48 a.m.  .............. 2:00 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet  ............ 1:09 a.m.  .............. 1:21 p.m.
Stamford  ........................ 5:24 a.m.  .............. 5:41 p.m.
Tarrytown  ....................... 4:14 a.m.  .............. 4:21 p.m.
Willets Point  ................... 5:16 a.m.  .............. 5:07 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 86/ 71 0
Ø
N
A19
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
second-degree murder, because
the crime led to a death. All three
have criminal records, and the
police said that Mr. Ramos had a
prior robbery arrest.
In a related event, a police offi-
cer responding alone to the rob-
bery crashed into a car stopped
at a red light not far from the
store. The authorities said he sus-
tained a broken left femur and a
possible fractured nose and un-
derwent surgery; the civilians in
the other car had minor injuries. 
Once Mr. Ramos, the accused
gunman, was unmasked, Mr.
Mora said he recognized him as
someone who worked for a while
at a neighboring bodega. At 2
o’clock Thursday morning, he
said, Mr. Ramos came by as Mr.
Mora was leaving his deli.
Mr. Mora said Mr. Ramos told
him, “I’ll get you tomorrow.”
ning.”
A gunshot sounded. Mr. Mora
looked and saw Mr. Cuevas
crumpled on the ground, his right
hand pressed against a bleeding
wound. A policeman dragged Mr.
Cuevas away by the arm. Mr.
Mora met Mr. Cuevas’s eyes. 
“He said, ‘Ah!’ He put his hand
to his chest, and he just looked at
me,” Mr. Mora said.
Raymond W. Kelly, the police
commissioner, said an officer
with his gun drawn was waiting
outside the door when the two
workers came out. He said Mr.
Cuevas “ran full speed into the
officer; the two became entan-
gled, at which point we believe
the officer accidentally dis-
charged his weapon.”
The bullet struck Mr. Cuevas in
the back of his left shoulder. He
was taken to St. Barnabas Hospi-
tal in the Bronx, where he was
pronounced dead. The single bul-
let had traced a harsh trajectory:
it managed to damage the left
lung, heart and major blood ves-
sels, the medical examiner’s of-
fice said.
The arrests of the three sus-
pects took an additional four
hours.
The authorities said that Chris-
topher Dorsey, 17, trailed the two
employees out of the store and
surrendered. The other men —
Orlando Ramos, 32, who the po-
lice said was the gunman, and Er-
nesto Delgado, 28 — remained
holed up inside. 
About 5:30 in the morning, Mr.
Delgado emerged and claimed he
had been held hostage, but the
police did not believe him and ar-
rested him.
According to the authorities,
officers from the emergency
services unit then went into the
store and found Mr. Ramos tied
to a pole with yellow rope, also
pretending to be a hostage. 
The gun, a Harrington & Rich-
ardson .32-caliber revolver, was
found concealed in a plastic bag
behind a bag of birdseed on one
of the bodega’s shelves. The po-
lice said it was not loaded. They
also said they found a ski mask
and a gray backpack that con-
tained $718 in cash, several packs
of Newport cigarettes, scratch-off
lottery tickets and some of Mr.
Mora’s documents.
Mr. Kelly would not identify
the officer who shot Mr. Cuevas
but said that he had been on the
force for seven years and had
never before fired his gun. The
officer was placed on administra-
tive duty, Mr. Kelly said, pending
an internal investigation.
“The tragedy here, of course, is
that Mr. Cuevas was shot,” Mr.
Kelly said, “but I see nothing
wrong with the procedure.”
At a news briefing at Police
Headquarters, Mr. Kelly played
videos from the bodega’s security
cameras. They showed the work-
ers being held inside at gunpoint,
their flight from the store and the
collision between Mr. Cuevas and
the officer. 
Later in the afternoon, Mr.
Kelly met with Ana Cuevas, Mr.
Cuevas’s mother, to express his
condolences.
The police charged the three
suspects with robbery and with
HIROKO MASUIKE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
At a news conference Friday, Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly showed video of the shooting, which he said was accidental.
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THE NEW YORK TIMES
The bodega, in Morrisania,is
owned by Mr. Cuevas’s uncle.
Fatal Second 
At a Bodega
In the Bronx
From Page A16
Reporting was contributed by
Daniel Krieger, Colin Moynihan,
Wendy Ruderman and Nate
Schweber. 
By WINNIE HU
and NATE SCHWEBER
Reynaldo Cuevas cried when
his father, Maleno, was fatally
shot in the street two years ago in
the Dominican Republic over a
gold necklace and a bracelet, rel-
atives said. He was changed by it.
To save money, Mr. Cuevas
started working the late-night
shift at Aneurys Deli Grocery on
Franklin Avenue and East 169th
Street in the Bronx. He had plans
to bring his 3-year-old daughter
to New York from the Dominican
Republic. He talked to his aunt
about going to college and study-
ing telecommunications or engi-
neering. He told his neighbors he
might join the Army.
“He became more serious
about life, about doing something
for himself,” said Mickey Rodri-
guez, 25, his cousin. “He didn’t
want to be a bum on the street.
He wanted to be something so his
father could be proud of him.”
Those plans were cut short
early Friday when Mr. Cuevas,
20, was shot and killed by a police
officer outside the bodega where
he worked. He had been fleeing
armed robbers inside when he
ran into a police officer whose
gun was drawn, witnesses said. 
Mr. Cuevas, known as Rey, was
the third of four children of a bo-
dega owner and a hairstylist. The
family lived in the Eastchester
Gardens housing project, and the
children played in and around bo-
degas in the South Bronx that
were owned by their father and
uncles. The Franklin Avenue bo-
dega where Mr. Cuevas worked
is owned by an uncle.
“I watched them grow up,” said
Patti Thompson, a children’s min-
istry teacher, as a tear slipped
down her cheek. “I’ve been try-
ing to remember the actual last
words I heard him say. I can’t re-
member.”
Mr. Cuevas graduated from
Clinton High School, where he
was a solid student and did not
get in trouble, relatives said. He
liked to play basketball and hand-
ball, and was the only one of his
siblings still living at home. His
two brothers are working in the
Dominican Republic, and his sis-
ter recently enlisted in the Ma-
rines.
Maricela Rodriguez, 41, a
neighbor, said Mr. Cuevas would
often call her son, also named
Reynaldo, after getting off the
subway coming home from the
bodega. The two childhood
friends would play the video
game “Call of Duty” for hours,
emerging at dawn to fry up Span-
ish sausage and plantains for
breakfast.
Ms. Rodriguez said she could
always count on Mr. Cuevas to
download music to her iPod or
help her assemble new furniture.
“I loved that kid,” she said.
Every week, Mr. Cuevas wired
money to his daughter in the Do-
minican Republic for her clothing
and expenses, and he paid for her
third birthday party at a McDon-
ald’s, relatives said.
At the Franklin Avenue bo-
dega, where Mr. Cuevas worked
Monday through Saturday, cus-
tomers said they often saw him
stocking the refrigerators and
shelves until 2 or 3 a.m. 
Johnny Rodriguez, 50, who
lives across from the bodega, said
that he used to tease Mr. Cuevas,
who was also in charge of keep-
ing an eye on customers. “I’d say,
‘Let me take the potato chips,’”
he recalled. “He’d say ‘No, don’t
do that. I don’t want to lose my
job.’”
Though Mr. Cuevas worked
late hours, he never expressed
concerns about his safety. “He
knew that everyone in the neigh-
borhood knew him,” said Anyilu
Monegro, 36, a clerk at a nearby
bodega. “So he thought he was
safe.”
Mr. Cuevas’s relatives said
that he was hoping not to be
working at the bodega much
longer. He had recently applied
for a higher-paying service job at
La Guardia Airport, and was ex-
pecting to hear back next week.
A 20-Year-Old Father’s Goal Was to Make His Slain Father Proud
Daniel Krieger contributed re-
porting.
By ALISON LEIGH COWAN
A lawyer for an Israeli immi-
grant who raised thousands of
dollars that helped elect Michael
G. Grimm to Congress in 2010
said Friday that the authorities
arrested his client last month on
a charge of immigration fraud be-
cause of his ties to the lawmaker.
“This case is politically moti-
vated,” the lawyer, John Merin-
golo, said at a midday bail hear-
ing in federal court in Brooklyn
for his client, Ofer Biton.
“He did not profit one nickel,
your honor,” from this alleged
crime, the lawyer told United
States Magistrate Judge Cheryl
L. Pollak. While the authorities
have charged Mr. Biton with mis-
representing $400,000 on a visa
application, Mr. Meringolo ar-
gued that “no one in the public”
had money taken from them and
“there’s never been allegations of
a violent crime.”
Outside court, after Mr. Biton
was denied bail, Mr. Meringolo
explained why he thinks prosecu-
tors are focusing on his client,
“They say he has ties to Michael
Grimm,” he said. “I haven’t seen
any evidence whatsoever of
wrongdoing of Michael Grimm.”
Robert Nardoza, a spokesman
for the United States attorney’s
office for the Eastern District of
New York, which is prosecuting
the case, had a different analysis
in responding to the lawyer’s al-
legation. “The case,” he said, “is
motivated by the evidence.”
In fact, Anthony Capozzolo, a
federal prosecutor at the public
corruption unit of the United
States attorney’s office, said in
court that this was “not a simple
visa fraud.”
“The government does expect
to charge him with extortion and
money laundering,” he said.
Rocking gently back and forth,
as his wife, the eldest of his six
children and a dozen supporters
watched from the back of the
courtroom, Mr. Biton, said little
during the half-hour proceeding.
He has been in federal custody
since Aug. 16 on the basis of a
criminal complaint issued under
seal on Aug 13. 
Though the bail application de-
scribed him mostly as the owner
of Mediterranean-style food res-
taurants in New York, Mr. Biton,
39, got his big break as the aide
and gatekeeper to Rabbi Yoshiya-
hu Pinto, a Sephardic rabbi from
Ashdod, Israel, looking to build
up his following in Manhattan
over the last decade.
Relying mostly on connections
he had gained by working for the
rabbi, Mr. Biton, by many ac-
counts, then went on to help Rep-
resentative Grimm, a Staten Is-
land Republican, raise hundreds
of thousands of dollars in cam-
paign gifts from followers of the
rabbi.
Some of those donors have said
in interviews that they were ad-
vised by the candidate or Mr.
Biton that there were ways for
the campaign to accept large
gifts that were over the legal lim-
its, included more cash than al-
lowed, or were given by people
who were ineligible. 
Mr. Grimm’s office did not re-
spond to a request for comment.
Prosecutors have yet to bring a
formal indictment that would lay
out the charges against Mr. Biton
more fully, and ordinarily, they
would have until this coming
week to do so.
Without naming possible ac-
complices or co-conspirators, Mr.
Capozzolo told the court that the
initial charges against Mr. Biton
stemmed from roughly $400,000
that Mr. Biton mischaracterized
on a June 2010 visa application as
a loan from a family friend.
In fact, he said, the true source
of the money was hidden through
a convoluted series of transfers
executed with the help of some-
one the prosecutor called “Indi-
vidual A.”
He said maneuvers of this type
violated “anti-money-laundering
provisions” and “stop immigra-
tion from questioning the people
whose money it really was.”
While Judge Pollak declined to
grant Mr. Meringolo’s bail appli-
cation, she said he could again if
he could put more guarantees on
the table that Mr. Biton would not
try to leave the country.
Citing his illegal immigration
status — “Mr. Biton’s status is
that he has no status,” is how Mr.
Capozzolo put it — and the gov-
ernment’s assertions that he has
strong family ties back in Israel,
the judge told Mr. Meringolo, “I’d
need a secure package that you
have not offered.”
Lawyer Says 
Man’s Link 
To Legislator 
Led to Arrest
A fund-raiser for an
S.I. congressman is
denied bail in an
immigration case.
By WENDY RUDERMAN
ARMONK, N.Y. — The driver
of a tractor-trailer who was in-
volved in an accident with a car
driven by Kerry Kennedy plead-
ed not guilty on Friday to leaving
the scene of an accident and
vowed to fight the charge.
“When you got nothing, you
got nothing to lose,” the driver,
Rocco Scuiletti said, invoking the
Bob Dylan song “Like a Rolling
Stone” in an interview after a
brief court hearing here.
Mr. Scuiletti, 47, of Poughkeep-
sie, was unwittingly thrust into a
national spotlight on July 13,
when just after 8 a.m., Ms. Ken-
nedy swerved her Lexus into his
truck on Interstate 684 in West-
chester County. Ms. Kennedy, the
former wife of Gov. Andrew M.
Cuomo and a daughter of Robert
F. Kennedy, then exited the high-
way with a flat tire and rolled to a
stop on Route 22. Witnesses re-
ported that she was driving er-
ratically and said that she had
been slumped over the wheel, the
police said.
Blood tests administered near-
ly five hours after the accident
showed that Ms. Kennedy had a
low level of zolpidem, the generic
name for Ambien, in her system.
She has said that she may have
inadvertently taken the potent
sleep aid instead of her thyroid
medication on the morning of the
accident. She was arrested and
charged with a single misde-
meanor charge of driving with
ability impaired by drug.
After a July 17 court hearing in
which she pleaded not guilty, Ms.
Kennedy, 52, apologized to Mr.
Scuiletti.“I want to apologize to
the driver of the truck who I ap-
parently hit and to all those I en-
dangered while driving my car,”
she said.
Mr. Scuiletti said Friday that
he had no idea that the driver
who had sideswiped his truck
was a member of the Kennedy
family. He said he was surprised
when he saw news reports the
next day.
He was even more surprised to
be charged with leaving an acci-
dent scene.
“As soon as I had a safe oppor-
tunity to pull over, I did; I in-
spected my tractor,” Mr. Scuiletti
said Friday. “There was no dam-
age — not even paint exchange
— and the person who bounced
off of me was long gone. I just
continued on my way. I didn’t
know what to report.”
He said the trucking company
he was driving for fired him after
the accident. He declined to give
the name of the company, based
in Massachusetts.
He has since found a new job
as a truck driver with a company
in New York, but said he was
fighting the traffic violation be-
cause he did not want it to affect
his commercial trucker’s license.
“Out of the million drivers out
there, I had somebody who was
well known,” he said. “What can I
say? I have no bad feelings. I just
want to get this over with and get
on with my life.”
As for Ms. Kennedy, who was
not charged with leaving the
scene of an accident, he said: “It
was nice of her to acknowledge
what happened and what she did.
It was very nice, but it still hap-
pened. I’m just thankful it wasn’t
any worse.”
A trial date has yet to be set in
Mr. Scuiletti’s case. Ms. Kennedy
has a court hearing scheduled for
next week.
Trucker in Kennedy Crash Plans to Fight Charge
MARCUS YAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Rocco Scuiletti after appearing in court Friday in Armonk, N.Y.
By RUSS BUETTNER
Tucked into a long newspaper
listing of everyday people who
had forgotten a few dollars left in
an old bank account, one name
still had enough of its old bold-
face pop to jump out from the
squint-inducing type.
There she was, Brooke Astor,
who was the grande dame of the
city’s society and philanthropy
circuits.
Mrs. Astor, whose waning
years opened a morass of family
conflict to public view, was identi-
fied as the holder of two aban-
doned accounts at Citibank,
alongside thousands of less-fa-
mous people listed in an 84-page
special legal-advertising section
in The Daily News on Aug. 31.
The Astor accounts were ad-
dressed to the attention of her
son, Anthony D. Marshall, who
was convicted three years ago of
stealing from his mother in the fi-
nal years of her life. 
How much the abandoned ac-
counts are worth will remain a
secret, as required by law, until
someone proves to be entitled to
the money. It must be at least
$50, or Citibank would not have
been required to advertise them. 
And with a name like Astor,
who knows?
“You kind of wonder,” Mrs. As-
tor’s grandson, Philip C. Mar-
shall, said when told of the aban-
doned accounts by a reporter.
“It’s not going to be $50.”
If the money is not claimed, it
will be turned over to the state
comptroller’s office, which will
make further efforts to connect
the money with its rightful own-
er. Most payouts by the comptrol-
ler’s Office of Unclaimed Funds
are for around $100, but a few are
for more: one account worth $1.7
million is sitting in the comptrol-
ler’s coffers. The office currently
has about $12 billion in unclaimed
money.
Mrs. Astor died in 2007, at the
age of 105, leaving behind an es-
tate valued at more than $100 mil-
lion.
Before her death, Philip Mar-
shall accused his father, Anthony,
of misspending her money, and
questions arose about whether
she was mentally competent
when she signed changes to her
will in 2003 and 2004. Those
changes gave her son more con-
trol over her estate and reduced
the amount of money she had be-
queathed to various New York
universities, libraries, parks and
museums.
In 2009, her son and Francis X.
Morrissey Jr., a lawyer who did
estate planning for Mrs. Astor,
were convicted of tricking Mrs.
Astor into signing away control
and of stealing from her. They
were sentenced to one to three
years in prison, but they remain
free pending the outcome of an
appeal.
In March, a settlement  in the
dispute over the estate that ig-
nored the 2003 and 2004 changes
was negotiated by the office of
Attorney General Eric T. Schnei-
derman. It called  for Anthony
Marshall, 88, to receive $14.5 mil-
lion, effectively cutting his inher-
itance by more than half. An addi-
tional $30 million will go toward
the creation of a Brooke Astor
Fund for New York City Educa-
tion, and millions more to Pros-
pect Park, Central Park, city
playgrounds and various cultural
institutions.
Later this month, Sotheby’s
will auction some of Mrs. Astor’s
furnishings, fine art and jewelry
for the benefit of charities, includ-
ing the New York Public Library,
the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
Historic Hudson Valley and the
Animal Medical Center. 
Whatever money turns up in
the abandoned accounts will be
divided among the charities and
education fund according to the
terms of the settlement, Mr.
Schneiderman’s office said.
In addition to the two accounts
advertised by Citibank last week,
the state comptroller’s Web site
lists five other unclaimed ac-
counts belonging to Mrs. Astor
that were abandoned as long ago
as 2005. Those five accounts,
which had been held with various
institutions and are now in the
custody of the comptroller’s of-
fice,are valued at less than $2,500
total, said Kate Gurnett, a
spokeswoman for Comptroller
Thomas P. DiNapoli.
JPMorgan Chase, which has
been in charge of finding and in-
ventorying Mrs. Astor’s assets
for more than five years, filed a
claim for the five other accounts
on June 12, Ms. Gurnett said. 
A spokesman for JPMorgan
said the bank was in the process
of applying for the money at Citi-
bank.
Philip Marshall said that given
the scrutiny the estate had un-
dergone, he was surprised to
learn that JPMorgan had not yet
found all of his grandmother’s
money. 
“This is amazing,” he said.
“They’ve had years.”
Abandoned Bank Accounts of Brooke Astor’s Surface, Their Value a Secret
A20
Ø
N
EDITORIALS/LETTERS
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
The United Nations representatives
of Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriots
respond to a news article, “Race for Gas
by Cypriot Rivals Adds to Tensions.”
nytimes.com/opinion
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS 
Coming two months before Election Day, the employ-
ment report for August is a problem for President Obama.
The economy added 96,000 jobs last month, a slow pace
that lowered the monthly average this year to 139,000, ver-
sus 153,000 in 2011. Even the decline in the jobless rate, to
8.1 percent from 8.3 percent in July, was a disappointment,
because it indicated a shrinking labor force as people gave
up looking for work. 
But properly understood, the report should not en-
courage voters to support Mitt Romney. That’s because
boosting tepid job growth requires stimulative fiscal poli-
cy — including spending to rehire teachers and to rebuild
schools, roads and other infrastructure, as well as loan
modifications for underwater homeowners. Mr. Obama
has proposed all of that, while Republicans have blocked
such measures and the Republican agenda rejects them. 
Republicans are even increasingly adamant that the
Federal Reserve should do nothing to try to help the econ-
omy, with Representative Paul Ryan saying on Friday
that monetary easing by the Fed would be a “bailout of
bad fiscal policy.” Really? The Fed, if it acts, would be try-
ing to compensate for the dearth of fiscal solutions, the re-
sult of Republican obstructionism. The Fed chairman, Ben
Bernanke, has been explicit in asserting correctly that the
ailing housing market and contractionary fiscal policy are
the biggest threats to the economy. He has indicated that
Congressional action to address those issues would be
preferable to more Fed easing. Yet  the Republican re-
sponse is to tell the Fed to back off. 
Worse, the Republican agenda misdiagnoses the
cause of slow job growth, blaming taxes and regulation,
while championing more tax cuts for the rich and deregu-
lation of the banks and other businesses as a cure. Those
policies, however, are precisely the ones that were in place
as the bubble economy of the Bush years inflated, and
then crashed, with disastrous consequences. They are the
problem, yet they are all that Mr. Romney and his party
have to offer. 
In the meantime, the pain of unemployed and under-
employed Americans is all too real. Good jobs, like teach-
ing, are being lost, while others, like manufacturing, are
getting harder to come by as the global economy slows. In
their place are jobs in bars and restaurants and other low-
wage activities. Even the college educated are in trouble.
In the past year, unemployment among college graduates
under age 25 has averaged 8.1 percent, no better than the
general population. The situation is worse for high school
graduates under age 25, whose jobless rates in the past
year have averaged nearly 21 percent.
Tax cuts and deregulation will not help them. Federal
spending to create jobs, loan modifications to ease debt
burdens and further Fed action would. 
Jobs and Politics 
Republicans have the wrong answers for fixing the weak job market 
In  a  scalding opinion  issued on Thursday,Judge
Royce Lamberth of Federal District Court rejected new
rules imposed by the Obama administration last spring
that limit access to counsel for prisoners at Guantánamo
Bay, Cuba,who are not actively challenging their deten-
tion.
Calling the government’s position an untenable chal-
lenge to the separation of powers, he said the administra-
tion had improperly given itself “final, unreviewable pow-
er to delay, hinder or prevent access to the courts, ” which
amounted to “executive fiat.”
Under the new rules, those not challenging their de-
tention would not be guaranteed access to their lawyers.
Instead, the military commander of Guantánamo would
have “authority and discretion” to decide whether they
could meet,and about other matters, like whether lawyers
would have access to their own files containing classified
information. 
The judge wrote, “It is clear that the government had
no legal authority to unilaterally impose” the new rules.
He declared them null and void, saying the court would
not abdicate “its great responsibility to guarantee that its
doors remain open to these detainees.”
The decision keeps in place a court order that has en-
sured that all prisoners have access to lawyers and that
their lawyers can use classified information, including
documents they have produced while representing cli-
ents, and can discuss classified information with lawyers
for other detainees. Those older rules have worked ac-
ceptably for eight years;there is no reason to alter them. 
Access to the courts “means nothing without access
to counsel,” the judge said. Most of the prisoners do not
speak English, some are illiterate,and all hail from foreign
lands with wildly different legal systems. Their access to
counsel is crucial to their right to prove that their deten-
tion is lawless. 
A decade after the first prisoners were taken to Guan-
tánamo, “not a single one has been fully tried or convicted
of any crime,” Judge Lamberth wrote. He is completely
right in his insistence that the administration respect the
rule of law. 
A Court Denounces ‘Executive Fiat’
A federal judge explains the separation of powers to the Obama administration 
The verdict was long overdue in the pedophile priest
scandal, but a Roman Catholic bishop has become the
highest-ranking church official found criminally guilty of
shielding a priest known to be a threat to children. In a
brief nonjury trial, Bishop Robert Finn,head of the Dio-
cese of Kansas City-St. Joseph, Mo., was pronounced
guilty on Thursday and sentenced to two years of proba-
tion for failing to alert law enforcement authorities about a
predatory priest he knew was addicted to taking lewd
photos of schoolgirls.
The conviction was evidence of the growing resolve
of secular authorities, however belated, to venture up the
hierarchical ladder in their search for accountability. The
scandal has led to the dismissal and criminal investigation
of more than 700 priests,even as their superiors have
been spared — despite years of diocesan scheming to buy
off victims and rotate rogue priests to new parishes. 
Bishop Finn’s conviction was hardly encouraging for
the cause of reform, however, since it involved very recent
misdeeds — years after church leaders promised tough
new policies aimed at preventing cover-ups. 
The trial record established that Bishop Finn knew
about a popular priest obsessed with taking lewd photos
of parish schoolgirls. The priest privately admitted this to
the bishop, but criminal law authorities were not alerted
for five months,until the diocese’s vicar general grew ner-
vous and sent word to local prosecutors. 
In court, Bishop Finn apologized and agreed that fu-
ture allegations would be forwarded to the authorities. His
misbehavior, however, is a setback to the hierarchy’s ef-
forts to repair the church’s reputation. This task was un-
derlined in a separate forum last month by Bishop Daniel
Conlon of Joliet, Ill.,the chairman of the American bish-
ops’ committee for child protection. He said that despite
considerable progress with reforms, “our credibility on
the subject of child abuse is shredded.” At a minimum,
Catholic officials concerned about church  credibility
should press for the resignation of Bishop Finn for having
abetted the scandal. 
Justice Ventures Up the Church Hierarchy
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “Character, Not Audacity” (col-
umn, Sept. 7):
David Brooks suggests that the
speakers at the Democratic National
Convention offered no “audacious” new
and big ideas. 
Are immigration reform, the Dream
Act, investment in infrastructure, in-
vestment in public education standards
and teachers, investment in research, a
balanced plan to reduce the deficit, in-
cluding fair taxes for the wealthy, end-
ing our war in Afghanistan, and making
sure that our veterans are served when
they come home small ideas?
No, they are the big unfinished busi-
ness of our nation. 
As to the dysfunctional political cli-
mate in Washington that Mr. Brooks
claims was not addressed, President
Obama and other speakers made it
clear — “we the people” have a choice
to make in November. It’s up to us to
change that dysfunctional political cli-
mate, and we know what we need to do
to make that change: elect representa-
tives who believe that our government
can and must address the people’s big
items of unfinished business.
STEVE BELL
Kew Gardens, Queens, Sept. 7, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
David Brooks complains that Presi-
dent Obama’s speech was not auda-
cious enough. But making promises to
enact laws and create programs de-
pends on bipartisan cooperation. The
Republicans have vowed to unseat the
president, and if he wins, they may well
block any ideas he proposes just to
prove that he doesn’t fulfill his prom-
ises, as they have in the past.
Since passing any of his programs
would have enhanced his standing be-
fore this election, they were determined
to subvert them. There is no reason to
expect the Republicans to change their
ways to allow another Democrat to win
in 2016.ROBERT ZAVOD
Haddam, Conn., Sept. 7, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
As I keep reading David Brooks’s col-
umns expressing disappointment with
President Obama for not articulating
the kind of big economic plan that Mr.
Brooks thinks he should, I am reminded
of a T-shirt frequently worn by students
at the University of Chicago, Mr.
Brooks’s alma mater: 
Front: It Works in Practice
Back: But Does It Work in Theory?
The incremental improvements that
the president has achieved have moved
us in the right direction, and I believe
that they will continue to move us in the
right direction. There are too many un-
certainties to announce a grand plan
that can be scuttled by external events,
like what happens in the euro zone.
MELISSA TREVVETT
Brookline, Mass., Sept. 7, 2012
TO THE EDITOR: 
David Brooks’s summation that “the
next president has to do three big
things, which are in tension with one an-
other: increase growth, reduce debt and
increase social equity” would have been
as apt in 1932 as it is in 2012.
Those of us out here in the “reality-
based community” who insist on learn-
ing from our history recognize that the
way to achieve these things is through
Keynesian deficit spending in the crisis
years and repaying that debt in the
good times.
Since the power to tax and the power
to spend don’t belong to our executive,
the way to get there — now, as then — is
to elect not only a Democratic presi-
dent, but a Democratic Congress as
well. BARRY HASKELL LEVINE
Lafayette, Calif., Sept. 7, 2012
Reviews of the President’s Big Night
DADU SHIN
Next Thursday, New York will hold a primary elec-
tion that will come as a surprise to many voters. This elec-
tion is the costly result of a dysfunctional State Legisla-
ture, which was incapable of making a sensible decision to
hold the state primary on June 26,the primary for Con-
gressional seats. The only consolation is that every single
vote could make a difference.
Here are our recommendations for some important
Democratic races in areas where the winner of the prima-
ry usually wins the general election: 
STATE SENATE DISTRICT 27
Parts of Manhattan’s
West Side and Lower East Side.The top candidates to re-
place Senator Thomas Duane,who is not seeking re-elec-
tion, are Brad Hoylman,a former general counsel for the
Partnership for New York City, and Tom Greco,who owns
a popular gay bar in the district. Both candidates have
good business credentials, but we recommend Mr. Hoyl-
man, who has the stronger record of public service as a
former community board chairman. 
STATE SENATE DISTRICT 31
Manhattan’s West Side
from Washington Heights to Chelsea. Adriano Espaillat,
the incumbent, has focused most of his energy recently on
running an unsuccessful race to unseat Representative
Charles Rangel in Congress.He missed more than 50 per-
cent of the votes this year in Albany, and returning there
might seem like a consolation prize. His opponent, Assem-
blyman Guillermo Linares,is ready to work for the di-
verse immigrant communities in this district. He served
with distinction on the City Council and as the city’s com-
missioner of immigrant affairs under Mayor Michael
Bloomberg. Our endorsement goes to Mr. Linares.
ASSEMBLY DISTRICT 25
Eastern Queens. Jerry Ian-
nece,a lawyer and community leader, has the endorse-
ment of the Queens Democratic Party machine. That will
make it harder for the real star in this race, Nily Rozic.Ms.
Rozic was chief of staff for Assemblyman Brian Kava-
nagh.She is credited with helping him push for campaign
reforms, including revamping the city’s patronage-ridden
Board of Elections and instituting public financing for
state candidates. She has the energy and intelligence that
Albany desperately needs. We endorse Ms. Rozic.
ASSEMBLY DISTRICT 57
Central Brooklyn. Three en-
ergetic new candidates are running in this district. Walter
Mosley,a lawyer and Democratic Party leader, has most
of his party’s backing. Olanike Alabi  is also a Democratic
Party district leader, who worked for the health care
workers’ union. But the winner should be Martine Guer-
rier,who has a strong record of working for parents’
rights in New York City schools. She was the schools’ chief
family engagement officer, and later joined the staff of
Dennis Walcott when he was deputy mayor.As a dedicat-
ed community advocate, Ms. Guerrier would bring a
strong and fresh voice to Albany. 
New York’s Thursday Primary
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DIANE BRAYTON,
Secretary
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “A Knuckleballer’s Year” (editori-
al, Sept. 7):
I disagree with referring to the Mets’
season as poor and one of gloom. 
In the first half they thrilled us with
being in contention despite most pre-
dictions; their first no-hitter, by Johan
Santana; and R.A. Dickey’s consistent
brilliance. The misery accompanying
the oft-repeated second-half collapse
should be overshadowed by Dickey’s
story. 
As a psychiatrist, I found his book im-
portant reading. This is a man who
found help that worked for him in deal-
ing with traumas and despair. I don’t
think it is a coincidence that his im-
proved emotional state contributed to
superior performance after years of fail-
ure to reach full potential.
JEFFREY B. FREEDMAN
New York, Sept. 7, 2012
The writer is a former president of the
New York County branch of the Ameri-
can Psychiatric Association.
R.A. Dickey’s Renewal
TO THE EDITOR:
Your reporting on the illegal ivory
trade (“Elephants Dying in Epic Frenzy
as Ivory Fuels Wars and Profits,” “The
Price of Ivory” series, front page, Sept.
4) is a chilling reminder of just how high
the stakes have become today for ele-
phants in the wild.
Our experience on the ground con-
firms your reporting that this trade is
increasingly tied to organized crime.
Money for greater local enforcement is
now the most pressing need to combat
poachers and the armed wildlife trade
syndicates to which they are increas-
ingly linked. 
This holds true whether it is in the
Democratic Republic of Congo or right
here in New York City, where Cyrus R.
Vance Jr., the Manhattan district at-
torney, recently prosecuted two jewel-
ers selling illegally obtained ivory with
a combined retail value of more than $2
million.
Unless we start taking wildlife crime
seriously and allocate the resources
necessary to tackle a sophisticated and
well-financed global criminal network,
elephants and other charismatic spe-
cies will continue their tragic slide into
oblivion. ELIZABETH L. BENNETT
Jeju, South Korea, Sept. 4, 2012
The writer is vice president for species
conservation at the Wildlife Conserva-
tion Society.
Organized Wildlife Crime
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “No Penalty for Torture” (editori-
al, Sept. 5) and “No Charges Filed in
Two Deaths Involving C.I.A.” (front
page, Aug. 31):
While it is deeply troubling that no
criminal charges were filed against
American personnel who committed
torture, the need and opportunity for ac-
countability remain. 
Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. is
correct that broader questions persist.
It is President Obama’s responsibility to
ensure that they are answered. 
How did this torture occur? 
How will torture be prevented from
happening again? 
Accountability requires that our gov-
ernment accept responsibility and
transparently disclose what happened.
The pending Senate Intelligence Com-
mittee report on the C.I.A. interrogation
program will provide some answers and
should be released with the fewest re-
dactions possible.
Yet, we already know that implement-
ing this methodical torture regime was
interdisciplinary and interdepartmen-
tal, including intelligence, military, legal
and medical expertise.
A comprehensive, bipartisan, inde-
pendent investigation must happen,
both for our nation’s moral character
and its security. Otherwise, waterboard-
ing and torture methods erroneously re-
ferred to as “enhanced interrogation”
techniques will be back, along with the
disgrace and misinformation they yield.
ALLEN S. KELLER
PARUL MONGA
New York, Sept. 5, 2012
The writers are, respectively, director
and policy coordinator of the Bellevue/
N.Y.U. Program for Survivors of Torture.
After Torture Cases, a Need for Accountability
Ø
N
A21
OP-ED
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Early in his acceptance speech
Thursday night, President Obama gave
a nod to his administration’s backing of
education reform. “Some of the worst
schools in the country have made real
gains in math and reading,” he said,
calling on the country to add 100,000
math and science teachers in the next
decade. Then he moved on to other top-
ics, like foreign policy and Medicare,
that he clearly views as more vital to
the campaign as it enters the home
stretch.
It is hardly a surprise that education
isn’t a heated subject in the presidential
race. Not when the economy is still slug-
gish, and the fight over the role of gov-
ernment so central. Besides, Repub-
licans and Democrats alike have tried to
fix education:George W. Bush with “No
Child Left Behind,” and Obama with his
administration’s “Race to the Top.”
Those “real gains” notwithstanding,
progress remains fitful and frustrating.
Too many disadvantaged children re-
main poorly educated. Too many high
school graduates don’t attend —or drop
out —of college, which has become the
prerequisite for a middle-class exist-
ence.
Which is why the publication of a new
book, entitled “How Children Succeed,”
written by Paul Tough, a former editor
of the Times Magazine, is such a timely
reminder that education remains the
country’s most critical issue. In “How
Children Succeed,” Tough argues that
simply teaching math and reading —
the so-called cognitive skills — isn’t
nearly enough, especially for children
who have grown up enduring the stress-
es of poverty. In fact, it might not even
be the most important thing. 
Rather, tapping into a great deal of re-
cent research, Tough writes that the
most important things to develop in stu-
dents are “noncognitive skills,” which
Tough labels as  “character.” Many of
the people who have done the research
or are running the programs that Tough
admires have different ways of express-
ing those skills. But they are essentially
character traits that are necessary to
succeed not just in school,but in life.
Jeff Nelson, who runs a program in
partnership with 23   Chicago high
schools called OneGoal, which works to
improve student achievement and helps
students get into college, describes
these traits as “resilience, integrity, re-
sourcefulness, professionalism and am-
bition.” “They are the linchpin of what
we do,” Nelson told me. Nelson calls
them “leadership skills.” Tough uses the
word “grit” a lot.
On some level, these are traits we all
try to instill in our children. (Indeed,
Tough devotes a section of his book to
the anxiety of many upper-middle-class
parents that they are failing in this re-
gard.) But poor children too often don’t
have parents who can serve that role.
They develop habits that impede their
ability to learn. Often they can’t even
see what the point of learning is. They
act indifferently or hostile in school,
though that often masks feelings of
hopelessness and anxiety.
What was most surprising to me was
Tough’s insistence, bolstered by his re-
porting, that character is not something
you have to learn as a small child, or are
born with, but can be instilled even in
teenagers who have had extraordinarily
difficult lives and had no previous
grounding in these traits. We get to
meet a number of children who, with the
help of a program or a mentor who
stresses character, have turned their
lives around remarkably. We meet Dave
Levin, the founder of KIPP, perhaps the
best charter school chain in the country,
whose earliest graduates run into prob-
lems when they get to college —only 21
percent of them had graduated after six
years, according to Tough — and then
begins stressing character traits to turn
things around.
And we also meet Nelson, the founder
of OneGoal, which takes disadvantaged
students when they are juniors in high
school —most of whom believe that col-
lege is an unattainable goal — and
transforms them into responsible young
adults who can succeed in good uni-
versities. OneGoal has a “persistence
rate,” as Nelson calls it, of 85 percent,
meaning that that’s the percentage of
students from OneGoal who are making
their way through college. (The pro-
gram hasn’t been around long enough
to have a graduation rate.) By compari-
son, nationally, around only 8 percent of
the poorest students ever graduate
from college. Nelson told me that One-
Goal is expanding to Houston next year,
and it hopes to be in five cities by 2017. 
I hope it happens. Tough’s book is ut-
terly convincing that if disadvantaged
students can learn the noncognitive
skills that will allow them to persist in
the face of difficulties — to reach for a
goal even though it may off in the dis-
tance, to strive for something — they
can achieve a better life.
It is easy to get discouraged about the
state of education in America. Maybe
that’s why the presidential candidates
aren’t stressing it. Which is the other
thing about “How Children Succeed.”
It’s a source of optimism. Ø
JOE NOCERA 
Reading,
Math
And Grit
Character matters as
much as schoolwork 
(or even more).
The presidential nominating conven-
tions are over! Really. So. Over. Let’s see
if you were paying attention.
I. Republican Multiple Choice
1. Shortly before the Republican con-
vention opened, a new book quoted Mitt
Romney as comparing the Tea Party to:
A) A hamster in a cage.
B) A dog on a car roof.
C) A ferret in a dishwasher.
D) A cat up a tree.
*****
2. In a radio interview before the con-
vention, Paul Ryan claimed he had once
run a marathon in under three hours. In
reality, Ryan’s best and only time was
just over four hours in the: 
A) Boston Marathon.
B) Run Crazy Horse in South Dakota.
C) Frankenthon Monster Marathon in
Cedar Park, Tex.
D) Grandma’s Marathon in Duluth.
*****
3. Because of   the hurricane, Repub-
licans had to skip the first day of their
convention. As a result, they canceled the
Donald Trump “surprise.” Published re-
ports speculated that the surprise was
going to be:
A) Trump attempting to fire an Obama
impersonator.
B) Trump wandering through the con-
vention center, demanding that delegates
produce their birth certificates.
C) Trump spending quality time with
Clint Eastwood’s hairstylist.
D) Trump challenging Paul Ryan to a
long-distance race.
*****
4. In response to Clint Eastwood’s
speech:
A) Ann Romney called it “unique.”
B) Barack Obama invited Clint to the
White House for a reconciliation beer.
C) Ann Romney called it “better than
Tim Pawlenty’s.”
D) Eastwood was offered a cameo role
in “The Expendables 3.”
*****
II. Match the failed Republican presi-
dential candidate with his/her conven-
tion role:
1) Newt Gingrich
2) Tim Pawlenty
3) Rick Santorum
4) Ron Paul
5) Rick Perry
6) Jon Huntsman
A) Got a four-minute film tribute, then
refused to endorse Romney.
B) Never showed up.
C) Gave a speech about Ronald Rea-
gan with his wife reading every other
sentence.
D) Told Chuck Todd of NBC News that
he would “absolutely” consider another
presidential race in 2016.
E) Gave a speech comparing Barack
Obama to “a big tattoo” and “that guy on
the Bizarre Foods show.”
F) Speech mentioned “hands” 21
times, “Romney” three.
*****
III: Democratic Multiple Choice:
1. During the convention, Democrats
had two platform controversies, one
about Jerusalem, and one about whether
to mention:
A) All the founding fathers by name.
B) God.
C) Baseball.
D) Mitt Romney’s car elevator.
*****
2. Which of the following is NOT true
about the keynote speaker, San Antonio
Mayor Julián Castro:
A) Has a twin brother who’s running
for Congress.
B) Political activist mom once called
the defenders of the Alamo “a bunch of
drunks and crooks and slaveholding im-
perialists.”
C) Youngest mayor of a major U.S. city.
D) Once ran a marathon in under two
hours.
*****
3. Addressing the Democratic dele-
gates, Scarlett Johansson urged young
people to vote and also:
A) Berated an empty chair she said
was filled with Mitt Romney.
B) Reminisced about her humble
roots.
C) Bragged about the number of push-
ups she does in her morning workout.
D) Expressed regret that more people
did not go to see “We Bought a Zoo.”
*****
4. Besides the usual assortment of
mayors, governors, beleaguered work-
ers, successful immigrants and former
Republicans, the Democratic convention
also featured a speech by a:
A) Dog who claimed to be a descend-
ant of Romney’s beleaguered Irish setter.
B) Nun.
C) Parade of swing-state moms.
D) Mormon who wasn’t Harry Reid.
*****
IV. Match the Democrats with his or
her convention achievement:
1. Barack Obama
2. Joe Biden
3. Bill Clinton
4. Michelle Obama
5. Harry Reid
6. John Kerry
A. Used the word “literally” 10 times in
his speech.
B. Demanded that Mitt Romney show
us his tax returns.
C. Made a convention promotion video
with Harold and Kumar.
D. Prepared remarks: about 3,200
words. Actual remarks: about 5,500
words.
E. Stunned the world by exhibiting a
sense of humor.
F. Failed to mention that Osama bin
Laden is dead.
*****
Answers: I: 1-C, 2-D, 3-A, 4-A 
II: 1-C, 2-E, 3-F, 4-A, 5-D, 6-B
III: 1-B, 2-D, 3-B, 4-B
IV: 1-C, 2-A, 3-D, 4-F, 5-B, 6-E
Ø
GAIL COLLINS 
Convention
Pop Quiz
Forget the enthusiasm gap,let’s focus
on the engagement gap.
In particular, let’s focus on the gap in
the level of media engagement — partic-
ularly social media engagement — be-
tween President Obama’s campaign and
Mitt Romney’s. Obama is on the winning
side of that gap.
A study earlier this month by the Pew
Research Center’s Project for Excellence
in Journalism looked at how the cam-
paigns are using social media this cycle.
It found that:
“The Obama campaign posted nearly
four times as much content as the Rom-
ney campaign and was active on nearly
twice as many platforms. Obama’s digital
content also engendered more response
from the public — twice the number of
shares, views and comments of his
posts.”
Obama also has twice the number of
Twitter retweets and YouTube com-
ments, likes or views as Romney, and
nearly 80 percent more Facebook likes,
according to the report. 
Even Obama’s Thursday acceptance
speech, which brought a little less pep to
the rally than some had hoped, did in-
credibly well in social media. According
to Twitter’s official blog, the speech “set
a new record for political moments on
Twitter.” Over all, according to the site:
“The Democratic National Convention
has driven an incredible amount of Twit-
ter conversation since the very first day
— through the close of the official pro-
ceedings, we have seen more than 9.5
million Tweets sent about the events in
Charlotte. Just the final day of the con-
vention delivered roughly 4 million
Tweets —approximately equal to the to-
tal number from the entire Republican
National Convention.”
Even on television,the Democrats out-
performed the Republicans. According to
Nielsen, the Democratic convention drew
more viewers than the Republicans on
each night.And,according to the Holly-
wood Reporter, the Republican confab
last Wednesday even had the embar-
rassing distinction of being outperformed
on every station among viewers 18 to 49
years old by the TLC reality show, “Here
Comes Honey Boo Boo,” which centers
on the family of a 6-year-old pageant
queen who says things like “a dolla
makes me holla.”
(Let’s please have a moment of silence
for America. O.K., proceed.)
According to a report about social net-
work site, or SNS,users issued by the
Pew Internet and American Life Project
this week:
•
36 percent of SNS users say the sites
are “very important” or “somewhat im-
portant” to them in keeping up with polit-
ical news. 
•
26 percent of SNS users say the sites
are “very important” or “somewhat im-
portant” to them in recruiting people to
get involved in political issues that mat-
ter to them. 
•
25 percent of SNS users say the sites
are “very important” or “somewhat im-
portant” to them for debating or dis-
cussing political issues with others.
•
16 percent of SNS users say they
have changed their views about a politi-
cal issue after discussing it or reading
posts about it on the sites.
And the report found that many of the
president’s strongest   supporters are
more likely to use social networks for po-
litical information. The report noted:
“SNS-using blacks are significantly
more likely than SNS-using whites to feel
that the sites are important for these po-
litical activities. And younger SNS users
(those ages 18 to 29) are more likely than
older site users to think the sites are im-
portant in this way.”
As Tom Rosenstiel, director of the
Project of Excellence in Journalism, told
The Financial Times this week, social
media users are not truly representative
of the electorate — only about 15 percent
of the population is on Twitter for in-
stance — and conversation on social me-
dia “skews young and it skews activist.”
But,to me, that seems to be the bene-
fit. Who better to do campaign legwork
than those with young legs? Who better
to do the retail evangelism required to
get voters to the polls than the most ac-
tivist evangelists?
It is too early to say what the Obama
campaign’s digital edge will mean on
Election Day, but if it can convert virtual
engagement into actual turnout, that
could turn a tough race into an easy one.
As The New York Times’s Nate Silver
wrote this week on his FiveThirtyEight
blog:
“There’s one advantage that President
Obama has that Mitt Romney probably
doesn’t. If he can get a good turnout from
his base, he’ll be the heavy favorite to
win in November — even if Mr. Romney
gets a strong turnout as well.”
In this election, turnout is the ball-
game. And since Republicans are doing
all they can with voter suppression laws
to limit the turnout of people who most
often vote Democratic, social media
might be a way to help even the score.
The Democrats simply have to turn buzz
into ballots.
“Like, tweet, volunteer, vote,” you
might say.
Ø
CHARLES M. BLOW 
The Engagement Gap
Like,tweet,
vote.
Twitter 
Number of all digital 
posts studied
“Post” Partisans
Source: Pew Research Center’s
Project for Excellence
in Journalism
Date range: June 4-17, 2012
Likes: 1,124,175
Likes:   633,597
Retweets: 150,106
Retweets:    8,601
Comments/likes/views: 839,933
Comments/likes/views: 399,225
R
etweets: 150
,
10
6
404
e
tweets:   
8,
601
16
Obama
Romne
y
YouTube 
/
views: 83
9,9
3
3
21
/views: 399,225
10
Obama
Romne
y
Website blog 
106
55
Obama
Romne
y
Facebook 
L
ikes: 1
,
124
,
17
5
27
L
ikes:   633,59
7
34
Obama
Romne
y
By Mark Wolfe
S
AN
F
RANCISCO
T
HE youngest   of my three
daughters was born around
the same time I became a
card-carrying medical canna-
bis patient. Even though I was
only 44, I’d been suffering from occa-
sional back pain. I also suffered bouts of
stress, compounded by anxiety. The
causes were unknown, but there seemed
to be a correlation with work deadlines
and flying coach with three children un-
der the age of 5. Sometimes it got so bad I
had trouble falling asleep at night, leav-
ing me groggy and irritable. 
So, in 2010, I resolved to seek medical
help. I received a thorough physical ex-
amination from my CannaMed  doctor,
who checked not only my
pulse but my blood pres-
sure as well. Examining
the results, he concluded
that I would benefit enor-
mously from a cannabis-
based treatment regimen
and recommended that I
use a brownie-based form
of the drug to avoid the
lung irritation associated
with other modes of dose
administration. I soon had
in my possession a shiny,
state-sanctioned medical
marijuana ID card, gain-
ing me free access to the
city’s expanding array of
quasi-legal cannabis dis-
pensaries. 
After two years of treat-
ment, I can state unequiv-
ocally that I feel much bet-
ter about pretty much ev-
erything. Sure, my back
still hurts, but I’m cool
with it. 
But the best part is an amazing off-
label benefit I call Parental Attention
Surplus Syndrome.
Before beginning treatment, I was a
dutiful if not particularly enthusiastic fa-
ther. Workaday parental obligations
were a necessary, unfortunate chore. I
was so stressed out by the end of the day
that bedtime, with its interminable pleas
for more stories, songs, sips of water and
potty breaks, felt like a labor to be en-
dured and dispatched as quickly as pos-
sible.
Here is what a typical weekday
evening exchange between me and my
oldest daughter once looked like:
Child:
Daddy,can you show me how to
make a Q?
Father:
(sipping bourbon and soda, not
looking up from iPad) Just make a circle
and put a little squiggle at the bottom.
After:
Child:
Can I watch a video?
Father:
Why don’t we read a story and
then pretend we’re in our own video! Go
pick out a book,and I’ll go get the finger
puppets.
I swear I am a more loving, attentive
and patient father when I take my medi-
cation as prescribed. Perhaps this isn’t
surprising. As anyone who inhaled dur-
ing college can attest, cannabis enhances
the ability to perceive beauty, complexity
and novelty in otherwise mundane things
(grout patterns in your bathroom floor,
the Grateful Dead, Doritos), while simul-
taneously locking you into a prolonged
state of rapt attention. You not only no-
tice the subtle color variations in your
cat’s fur, you stare at them in loving awe
for 20 solid minutes.
I submit that this can be enormously
salutary to the parent-toddler relation-
ship. Beyond food, shelter and clothing,
what do small children need most from
their parents? Sustained, loving, partici-
patory attention. Thank you, Doctor.
No doubt some of you are tut-tutting
that I should use meditation or yoga or
Zen mindfulness to achieve this. Point
taken, and if I had a full-time staff of
cooks and nannies, I’m sure I’d give all
that a whirl. But the reality is that my
wife and I are raising multiple tots on
modest incomes in a small
space in a very expensive
city. No time for Tantra.
And I’m not suggesting
that all stressed-out fathers
should just get baked. You
might even get a ticket for
it in some states. And let’s
not forget the health risks,
which are rumored to pos-
sibly exist. I’ve heard that
even a small amount of ma-
rijuana can impair short-
term memory function. It
might also affect short-
term memory function.
But for me, at least, the
benefits clearly outweigh
the risks. I find the time I
spend with my children to
be qualitatively different
and simply more fun when
I take my medicine (always
in private, never in front of
them, never too much). I
am able to become a kid
again, to see things through my daugh-
ters’ eyes and experience, if I’m lucky,
the wonder of each new game, each new
object and sound, as they do. 
Deeply embedded voices of authority
in my head do still caution that I may be
hurting my kids in ways I can’t see. But I
just can’t imagine how it could possibly
be worse for them than the consequences
of their father’s former stress-fueled
frustration and withdrawal. When I’m
rolling around the floor with my giggling
daughters, clicking into an easy dynamic
of goofy happiness and love, I feel it’s just
what the doctor ordered.
Ø
Pot for Parents
An amazing off-label
benefit: having fun with
your children.
Mark Wolfe is an art dealer. 
KRIS MUKAI
Child:
No, show me!
Father:
Sweetie,not now, O.K.? Daddy’s
tired.
It’s different now:
Child:
Daddy,can you show me how to
make a Q?
Father:
(getting down on the floor) Here,
I’ll hold your hand while you hold the pen
and we’ll make one together. There! We
made a Q! Isn’t it fantastic?
Child:
Thanks, Daddy!
Father:
Don’t you just love the shape of
this pen?
It’s the same with my middle child: 
Before:
Child:
Can I watch a video?
Father:
Of course!
Remembering a visit with the
English comic actor Stan Laurel
toward the end of his life. 
nytimes.com/opinionator
ONLINE:DICK CAVETT 
A22
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
B1
N
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
S.& P. 500                 1,437.92
U
5.80
Dow industrials        13,306.64
U
14.64
Nasdaq composite     3,136.42
U
0.61
10-yr. Treasury yield       1.67%
D
0.01
The euro                     $1.2806
U
0.0169
Personal Business
Gift Tax Advice
If you’re giving away land
to  your children, first be
sure they can manage it. 
5
The F.C.C. is contemplating an
auction of UHF spectrum. 
4
Stock markets finish their best
week since June. 
6
Sharon Bowles asks
why a woman isn’t on
the European Central
Bank’s board.
3
Four years after the fall of Leh-
man Brothers, and with a presi-
dential campaign in full swing,
everyone can surely agree on one
thing: we shouldn’t risk another
financial crisis.
But after four years
of studies, hearings
and round tables, the
Securities and Ex-
change Commission
late last month aban-
doned efforts to impose new reg-
ulations on money market funds
intended to prevent another pan-
ic like the one that occurred in
2008 and eliminate the need for a
taxpayer bailout of the multitril-
lion-dollar funds. 
The S.E.C.’s proposed changes
had the backing of the White
House, Treasury officials, the
Federal Reserve, the Bank of
England, a council of academic
experts, The Wall Street Jour-
nal’s conservative editorial page,
the former Fed chairman Paul
Volcker, the former Treasury Sec-
retary Henry M. Paulson Jr. —
just about every disinterested
party who weighed in on the is-
sue. 
So it’s no wonder many S.E.C.
staff members were shocked
when three of the five S.E.C.com-
missioners —two Republicans
and one Democrat —indicated
they wouldn’t support the pro-
posals. It was a rare case of a
Democratic commissioner break-
ing ranks with the agency’s
chairwoman,Mary L. Schapiro,
an Obama appointee who is a po-
litical independent.
“I’m not the crusading type,” a
frustrated Ms. Schapiro told me.
“This isn’t based on conjecture.
We know what can go wrong. We
saw what happened with the Re-
serve Fund in 2008. There was a
broad run on money market
funds; credit markets froze.Peo-
ple didn’t have access to their
money, which was extraordinary.
We’re trying to prevent that. And
if you’re opposed to government
bailouts, you have to support
these reforms.”
So what accounts for the col-
lapse?
Though Republicans in Con-
gress have generally sided with
the mutual fund industry, and the
reforms emerged from a Demo-
cratic administration, several
people I spoke to said it was a
mistake to view the outcome
through the prism of partisan
politics. “It’s not Republicans
versus Democrats,” a person in-
volved in formulating the propos-
als told me. “It’s the mutual fund 
Influence
Of Funds
Ended
Overhaul
Continued on Page 6
JAMES B.
STEWART 
COMMON
SENSE 
Questions and risks
remain for money
market accounts.
By QUENTIN HARDY 
SAN FRANCISCO — With the
personal computer market
stalled,Intel, the primary maker
of computer chips, warned its in-
vestors Friday that revenue
would be lower than expected, as
would profit margins. 
The company cited weak de-
mand in what had been growing
economies, like China.
What Intel sells to manufactur-
ers like Hewlett-Packard and
Dell in the third quarter of the
year  typically ends up on store
shelves and office loading docks
in the fourth quarter, inside desk-
top PCs, laptops  and computer
servers  in data centers. If Intel
feels pain now, it could signal that
PC manufacturers are lowering
their expectations for the holiday
shopping season or are noticing
that their  business customers
have become cautious.
The slowdown was not unex-
pected, however, and may not re-
flect broader economic troubles.
The desktop computer market is
forecast to shrink this year, as
computing becomes a more mo-
bile activity, via laptops, smart-
phones and tablet computers like
Apple’s iPad. Tablets use fewer
Intel chips. 
Intel said that demand for
chips in data centers, which form
the cloud-computing power-
houses to which mobile comput-
ers connect, was still strong.
Big manufacturers like H.P.,
while coping with a lower de-
mand for traditional products,
are managing their manufactur-
ing more tightly than ever, keep-
ing inventories low while they
wait until the last minute to fig-
ure out what kind of computers
consumers want.
Intel, the world’s largest maker
of semiconductors, said its third-
As PC Sales
Turn Down,
Intel Trims
Its Outlook
Continued on Page 2
By WILLIAM MacNAMARA
LONDON — Glencore, the
world’s largest commodities
trader, saved its megamerger
with Xstrata from collapse on Fri-
day by sweetening its offer for
the large multinational mining
company. But the deal still re-
mains in limbo after Xstrata
raised concerns about the re-
vised proposal. 
Under the new terms, Glencore
is offering 3.05 of its shares for
every Xstrata share, valuing the
combined company at $90 billion.
The commodities trader had ini-
tially agreed to exchange 2.8
shares. 
Glencore is trying to win over
investors as it aims to gain size
and scale in an industry increas-
ingly under financial pressure. 
Prices of natural resources
have plummeted over worries
that demand from important cus-
tomers in the emerging markets
might be faltering. The situation
has weighed on the profits and
share prices of major players like
Glencore and Xstrata. Earnings
at Xstrata dropped by 33 percent
in the first half of the year.
By teaming up, the two compa-
nies would significantly increase
the size of their balance sheet,
giving them additional firepower
to make deals and invest in new
projects. They could also use the
merger to cut costs and better
weather the market volatility. 
But Qatar Holding, the sover-
eign wealth fund of the Persian
Gulf nation and Xstrata’s second-
largest shareholder, had threat-
ened to derail Glencore’s effort.
For months, the emirate said it
would vote against the deal un-
less Glencore improved the
terms. Investors were set to vote
on the deal Friday morning. 
Bid to Buy 
Mining Firm
Is Increased
At 11th Hour
Continued on Page 3
Giving children an allowance al-
ways seems like a good idea at
first. But just try following through
in practice.
You need to remember to get ex-
act change each week,
which may not be easy if
you bank online and need
a pile of singles. You have
to remember to hand
over the money to the
child on the designated
day. You need someplace to put
the money — but alas, most piggy
banks are terrible, with tiny com-
partments you can’t see into to get
any sense of how the money is pil-
ing up.
Using a few separate jars is a
fine idea, but if children can get
into them, they might reallocate
money from the Saving jar to the
Spending jar. Or take money to
school without telling you and try
to buy their way to the front of the
lunch line. Or let their friends take
some money home from a play-
date. 
All of this hassle has given rise
over the years to Web sites that
he ran into the usual chores and al-
lowance hassles as a father, the big
frustration for him was watching
his eldest daughter spend real
amounts of time in virtual online
worlds using real money to buy
fake things. With Tykoon, he want-
ed everything to be real.
While the site, which is aimed
primarily at 7- to 10-year-olds, is
not a bank and does not tap into
parents’ checking accounts, it’s
supposed to mimic a bank in some
respects. Parents can set an allow-
ance level and automatically “de-
posit” virtual dollars into three
categories, Save, Give and Spend. 
You can connect earning an al-
lowance to the completion of vari-
ous chores or tasks. Or, if you’re
like me and you don’t want to con-
nect chores with an allowance be-
cause you believe that children
ought to do chores without any ex-
pectation of getting paid, you can
track tasks and allowance sepa-
rately. 
None of the above is particularly
unique. Things get more interest-
track chores, allowance, savings
and spending. FamZoo, ThreeJars,
Count My Beanz, and My Job
Chart are a few of the sites that
aim to help children and their par-
ents.
One of the newest to enter the
fray is Tykoon, whose two
founders are themselves fathers
with executive-level experience at
companies like LendingTree and
Bank of America. And while it’s
early days for the service, they
seem to have their priorities in or-
der in understanding that their ef-
forts will succeed only if the prod-
uct inspires the right kind of ques-
tions with the right kind of fre-
quency.
“This is not a pill, or three weeks
at a gym or a 10-DVD set,” said
Mark Bruinooge, the co-founder
and a veteran of Bank of Ameri-
ca’s digital operations. “It’s a mul-
tiyear conversation about how
your family uses money. We want
it to be part of the family routine.”
The idea for Tykoon came from
the other co-founder, Doug Lebda,
the founder of LendingTree. While
Managing a Child’s Allowance, the Online Version 
ROBERT NEUBECKER
Continued on Page 5
RON
LIEBER
YOUR
MONEY
By KATIETHOMAS
It has become an all-too-familiar story
in schools across the country: a child
eats a peanut or is stung by a bee and
suffers  an immediate,life-threatening
allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis. 
If parents and school authorities know
about the allergy and a doctor’s pre-
scription is on file, a nurse can quickly
give an injection of epinephrine, saving
the child’s life.
But  school nurses in many districts
face an agonizing choice if a child with-
out a prescription develops a sudden re-
action to an undiagnosed allergy. Should
they inject epinephrine and risk losing
their nursing license  for dispensing it
without a prescription, or call 911 and
pray the paramedics arrive in time?
After a 7-year-old girl died in January
in a similar case in Virginia,the state
passed a law that allows any child who
needs an emergency shot to get one. Be-
ginning this month, every school district
in Virginia is required to keep epineph-
rine injectors  on hand for  use  in an
emergency. Illinois, Georgia and Mary-
land have passed similar laws, and
school nurses are pushing for one in
Ohio. A lobbying effort backed by Mylan,
which markets the most commonly used
injector, the EpiPen, made by Pfizer, led
to the introduction last year of a federal
bill that would encourage states to pass
such laws. 
Mylan has also lobbied state legisla-
tures around the country directly and is
passing out free EpiPens this fall to any
qualifying school that wants them.
 “When a child is having an anaphy-
lactic reaction, the only thing that can
save her life is epinephrine,” said Maria
L. Acebal, the chief executive of the Food
Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network. “911
doesn’t get there fast enough.”
The efforts are an acknowledgment of
the rising rates of food allergies among
children and a handful of deaths from al-
lergies across the country.In many
schools, children carry their own epi-
nephrine injectors in their backpacks to
use themselves, if they’re old enough, or
the devices are stored on their behalf in
nurses’ offices.
The initiative also has a commercial
underpinning: It is part of an effort to
raise the profile of EpiPen. Over the last
two years, Mylan has invested millions
of dollars in consumer advertising and
hired almost 100 extra sales representa-
tives to help promote the product. Epi-
Pen sales are on track to bring in $640
million this year, a 76 percent increase
over last year, according to one analyst. 
Heather Bresch,the chief executive of
Mylan, said charity and profit should not
be mutually exclusive. 
“I think this goes to the heart of being 
PHOTOGRAPHS BY KAREN KASMAUSKI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Diane Voelker, a school nurse in Virginia, with EpiPen kits. Virginia requires its schools to have such devices on hand. 
Tiny Lifesaver for a Growing Worry
The EpiPen’s Maker 
Invests in Expansion 
As Allergy Rates 
In Children Rise
EpiPens, and similar devices,give a dose of epinephrine to treat serious aller-
gic reactions. Officials say many people who are at risk don’t even know it.
Continued on Page 2
B2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Following are the most popular business news articles on
NYTimes.com from Aug. 31 through Sept. 6: 
1. U.S. Companies Conduct Fire Drills in Case Greece Exits Euro
2. Money and People Leave Spain as Economic Gloom Deepens
3. Shedding Student Loans in Bankruptcy Is an Uphill Battle
4. Lifesize, a Weight-Loss Strategy From an Unlikely Pair
5. Financial Firms Face Subpoenas on Tax Strategy
6. Bernanke Speech Makes Detailed Case for Fed Action
7. New iPhone Announcement Has Apple Rivals Jostling for
Spotlight 
8. David Ebersman, the Man Behind Facebook’s I.P.O. Debacle 
9. Straightening Out the Work-Life Balance 
10. Europe’s Central Bank Moves Aggressively to Ease Euro Crisis 
And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. Hackers Claim to Have 12 Million Apple Device Records (Bits)
2. Uwe E. Reinhardt: From Physician Glut to Physician Shortage
(Economix)
3. Judge Approves E-Book Pricing Settlement Between Government
and Publishers (Media Decoder)
4. New Editor at Cosmopolitan: Joanna Coles Replaces Kate White
(Media Decoder)
5. Live Updates From Amazon’s Press Event (Bits)
ONLINE:MOST POPULAR 
COMPANY NEWS
Garda’s Founder Makes Offer to Take It Private
The founder and chief executive of Garda World Se-
curity, an armored car and security company based
in Montreal, joined forces with a private equity fund
to make a $1.1 billion offer on Friday to take the com-
pany private. The offer includes the assumption of
$625 million in debt. Stéphan Crétier,left, and Apax
Partners,the London-based fund, formed a consor-
tiumoffering $12 a share.
Mr. Crétier founded Garda in 1995 with an investment
of $25,000. The consortium’s offer is 30 percent higher
than Thursday’s closing share price on the Toronto stock exchange. On
the recommendation of a committee of independent directors, Garda’s
board has unanimously endorsed the offer. 
IAN AUSTIN
Trulia Says Its I.P.O. Could Raise $96 Million
Trulia, the real estate search Web site, said it could raise nearly $100
million in an initial public offering. In a regulatory filing on Friday, the
San Francisco-based company said it planned to price its offering of six
million shares at $14 to $16 a share. Trulia will sell five million shares,
and its stockholders will sell the rest. At the top end of the range, the
stock offering would yield $96 million. When Trulia filed to sell shares in
July, it said it planned to raise $75 million in the I.P.O., but that was a
preliminary figure used to calculate the registration fee. 
The initial filing was kept confidential under a provision of the JOBS
Act, passed last spring. The law allows companies with annual gross
revenue of less than $1 billion to file registration statements with the Se-
curities and Exchange Commission that do not have to be publicly dis-
closed until 21 days before the company’s road show. Trulia, which is
backed by investors like Accel and Sequoia Capital,offers free and sub-
scription services on real estate listings and housing market in-
formation. The company, whose main competitor is Zillow, said last
month that it had 22 million monthly unique visitors as of June 30. It
said it planned to list its shares on the New York Stock Exchange under
the ticker TRLA. 
BEN PROTESS
LEGAL NEWS
Lenient Sentence Is Urged for Insider Trading Witness
A disgraced former Intel executive whose testimony helped convict the
hedge fund billionaire Raj Rajaratnam of insider trading crimes de-
serves a lenient sentence because of his cooperation with the govern-
ment, federal prosecutors said on Friday. 
In a letter to Judge Barbara Jones, the United States attorney’s office in
Manhattan praised the cooperation of Rajiv Goel,the former Intel exec-
utive. “Goel substantially helped the government secure a conviction in
one of the most significant and high-profile insider trading trials in his-
tory,” the letter said. “From the first day of Goel’s cooperation through
the present, Goel has been a very important, straightforward and ex-
traordinarily helpful cooperating witness.” Mr. Goel, 54, is to be sen-
tenced on Wednesday in Federal District Court in Manhattan. He was
one of three main government witnesses who pleaded guilty to conspir-
ing with Mr. Rajaratnam in a far-reaching insider trading scheme and
then testified against him during his trial. 
PETER LATTMAN
TECHNOLOGY NEWS
Mozilla Plans a Smartphone Operating System
The Mozilla Foundation, which oversees open-source
software projects like the Firefox Web browser, ex-
pects to release a mobile operating system for smart-
phones early next year. Its target market is Latin
America, and then the rest of the developing world,
where smartphones from Apple and Google are still
too expensive for most people. The Firefox models
will be one-third to one-sixth the cost of competing
models, according to Mozilla and its partners. 
Mozilla’s main partner is Spain’s Telefónica.“We are
looking at a $100 to $115 price point,” said Carlos Domingo, director of
product development and innovation at Telefónica Digital. He said the
phone’s features would include a sharp camera, a large touch screen
and an accelerometer —and, of course, a Firefox browser. 
QUENTIN HARDY
BUSINESS BRIEFING 
able to do good and do well,” she
said. 
Although no one knows exactly
why, the rate  of food allergies
among children appears to be on
the rise. One survey found that in
2008, one in 70 children was al-
lergic to peanuts, compared with
one in 250 in 1997.
“I don’t think it’s overdiagno-
sis,” said Dr. Scott H. Sicherer,
the author of the report and a re-
searcher at the Jaffe Food Al-
lergy Institute at Mount Sinai
Medical Center in Manhattan.
“There really seems to be a dif-
ference.”
A study last year in the journal
Pediatrics found that about one
in 13 children had a food allergy,
and nearly 40 percent of those
with allergies had severe reac-
tions. A recent survey in Mas-
sachusetts, where schools are
permitted to administer epineph-
rine to any student, found that
one-quarter of students who had
to be given the drug for a  re-
action did not know they had an
allergy.But in many schools, em-
ployees are not allowed to use
epinephrine injectors on children
who do not have a prescription. 
That’s what happened in Janu-
ary when Amarria Johnson,a
first  grader from Chesterfield,
Va.,developed a severe allergic
reaction. Her mother, Laura Pen-
dleton, said Amarria’s allergy to
peanuts was known, but    the
school did not have an EpiPen
that was prescribed to her. At the
time, school employees were not
allowed to use injectors that were
prescribed to other children.
Another student gave Amarria
a peanut during recess, and by
the time paramedics arrived,
Amarria had stopped breathing
and could not be resuscitated, ac-
cording to the Chesterfield Coun-
ty police. In April, Virginia’s gov-
ernor signed a law that lifted
those restrictions and required
all schools to carry injectors for
emergency use. 
Ms. Pendleton  said parents
could not police everything their
child ate. 
“You need to have the EpiPens
there just in case,” she said.
Epinephrine is known as a rel-
atively safe drug, with few ad-
verse effects if the drug is given
when it is not needed. 
“Our motto has always been in
training our staff, if you think epi-
nephrine, you give epinephrine,”
said Nancy Markley,who over-
sees the school nurses and health
clinics in the Loudoun County
schools in Virginia. 
Ms. Bresch said schools were
just the first step in a plan to
make emergency epinephrine in-
jectors more widely available in
restaurants, airplanes and other
public places, much as external
defibrillators are today. Mylan
has hired consultants who once
worked for   the device maker
Medtronic when it was trying to
make defibrillators more widely
available. 
“It’s a complex undertaking
and complicated,” Ms. Bresch
said. “But I think it’s doable.” 
Ms. Acebal’s group has not tak-
en a position on placing injectors
in public places other than
schools. Dr. Sicherer said the is-
sue became less clear in settings
like restaurants, where a waiter
might not be able to differentiate
between choking, a heart attack
or anaphylaxis. 
“I think that gets to be a little
more controversial about upsides
and downsides,” he said.
EpiPen commands more than
95 percent of the market for epi-
nephrine injectors and is so dom-
inant that its name has become
synonymous with the category it-
self. But until recently, Mylan did
not do much to sell the product.
The company acquired the brand
in 2007 as part of deal with the
German company Merck. 
“It became very apparent that
there was a lot more we could be
doing with EpiPen,” Ms. Bresch
said, adding that just 7 percent of
people at risk for severe reac-
tions carry a prescription for one. 
Mylan began working with al-
lergy advocates and lobbying
state and federal politicians to en-
act laws permitting the broader
use of EpiPens. Politics are noth-
ing new to Ms. Bresch: she is the
daughter of Senator Joe Man-
chin,Democrat of West Virginia.
The company also invested in
consumer advertising, spending
close to $15 million in the last two
years on television commercials
and other advertising, according
to Nielsen.
Gary Nachman, an analyst for
Susquehanna Financial Group,
said EpiPen was “extremely im-
portant” to Mylan. He estimated
that EpiPen would account for
$640 million of Mylan’s $840 mil-
lion sales this year in brand-
name products, and that sales
would continue to grow in the
double digits for the next few
years. 
“This is basically the work-
horse for them in their branded
business,” Mr. Nachman said. 
Doug Tsao, a pharmaceuticals
analyst for Barclays, said
Mylan’s efforts in schools had an
added benefit. 
“When the school nurse uses
EpiPen, what does the nurse re-
fer parents to?” he said. “I think
that is absolutely part of the moti-
vation.”
Two coming events may be giv-
ing Mylan pause: in November,
Sanofi plans to introduce a rival
device, and in 2015, Teva may win
approval of a cheaper, generic
version of the EpiPen.
Sanofi’s product, the Auvi-Q,
has a rectangular shape and the
added feature of voice instruc-
tions to help a user use the de-
vice. Teva’s product, if approved
by the F.D.A., would closely mim-
ic the EpiPen design and, like a
generic drug, could be substitut-
ed by pharmacists even if doctors
prescribed the EpiPen.
Dr. Sicherer said the Auvi-Q
had  potential advantages over
the EpiPen, which is shaped like
a felt-tip marker and can be awk-
ward to carry. Sanofi has boasted
that  the Auvi-Q is shaped like a
cellphone  and can slip into a
pocket. In addition, “it’s voice-
guided,” Dr. Sicherer said. “This
is a whole new world.” 
Ms. Bresch said that because
so few people at risk for allergic
reactions use EpiPens, there was
room in the market for a compet-
itor. 
“There’s still a lot of people
that we need to get to,” she said. 
Ken Cacciatore, an analyst at
Cowen & Company, questioned
whether parents would be willing
to switch to a different brand in
such life-or-death situations. 
“Parents may want the real
thing,” he said.
JAY PAUL FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Laura Pendleton’s daughter Amarria Johnson, a first grader from Chesterfield, Va.,died after having a severe reaction at school. 
Investment in EpiPen as Child Allergy Rates Rise
From First Business Page
KAREN KASMAUSKI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Diane Voelker, right, a school nurse in Virginia, with her assistant, Beth Little. School nurses in
some states are not allowed to use injectors, even in an emergency,unless they are prescribed. 
Device makers lobby
for emergency
epinephrine
injectors in schools. 
quarter revenue would be $13.2
billion, plus or minus $300 mil-
lion. Its previous forecast has
been for revenue of $13.8 to $14.8
billion. Intel also said the wors-
ening market meant its gross
profit margins would fall to 62
percent, from an earlier expecta-
tion of 63 percent.
“The company is seeing cus-
tomers reducing inventory in the
supply chain versus the normal
growth in third-quarter inven-
tory,softness in the enterprise
PC market segment and slowing
emerging market demand,” Intel
said.
The PC market has been weak
for much of the year, but until re-
cently analysts had expected a
recovery in the last quarter of the
year, after Microsoft releases a
new version of its Windows oper-
ating system, called Windows 8. 
Two weeks ago, however, ana-
lysts at the International Data
Corporation  projected that the
worldwide PC market would
grow by just 0.9 percent this year,
to 367 million units. It blamed
weaker demand in the usually
strong Asia-Pacific market  and
consumer uncertainty in devel-
oped markets.
Intel has fought back against
the popularity of tablet comput-
ers by investing in a category of
very lightweight laptops  called
ultrabooks. The ultrabooks,
which can have both the key-
board of a laptop and a touch
screen like a tablet, were expect-
ed in large volumes in the market
by the middle of this year. 
Instead, only a few models
have come out, and consumers’
reactions have been tepid. Dell,
H.P. and other manufacturers are
expected to have many new ul-
trabooks on the market in coming
months. 
These products, however, are
likely to face a crush of new com-
petition not just from Apple,
which may announce a new tab-
let soon, but Amazon, which on
Thursday showed off new models
of its Kindle e-readers and tab-
lets. Microsoft is expected to
have its own tablet, called the
Surface, in late October.Several
new models of tablets using Goo-
gle’s Android operating system
are also expected before Christ-
mas.
With all that on the market at
once, along with new kinds of
smartphones from Apple, Micro-
soft, Samsung Electronics and
others, consumers may just ig-
nore the late-season ultrabooks. 
Intel’s problems are “a combi-
nation of tablets and a late launch
of Windows 8,” said Douglas
Freedman,an analyst with RBC
Capital Markets.“Ultrabooks
should have been out in volume
in the first quarter. If you want to
fend off the tablet onslaught you
don’t try to release products in
the third quarter.” He said manu-
facturers were  now uncertain
about what products they needed
to make.
Among the PC makers, H.P. ap-
peared to have the most to lose
from the slowdown Intel was sig-
naling. Meg Whitman, H.P.’s chief
executive, spared workers in Chi-
na from companywide layoffs
this year because China was seen
as a good growth area. A slow-
down there, even as H.P. is facing
renewed competition from the
Chinese computer maker Leno-
vo, could affect H.P.’s financial re-
sults. 
Dell, which sells fewer ma-
chines in China, would not be as
affected  by a slowdown there.
Dell has also been making efforts
to sell more servers for data cen-
ters, which remain  an area of
market strength.
Both H.P. and Dell declined to
comment on changes in their
businesses.
As PC Sales Turn Down, Intel Trims Its Forecast
DAVID BECKER/GETTY IMAGES
Ultrabooks on display at a conference.Intel has invested heav-
ily in ultrabooks, but consumer reaction has been tepid. 
From First Business Page
Demand is weak in
emerging-market
countries like China. 
N
B3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
While Glencore appears to be
moving toward compromise, it is
not clear whether the proposed
terms will appease Xstrata
shareholders. Qatar has not pub-
licly weighed in on the deal, and
the board of Xstrata has indicat-
ed the newprice might still be too
low. On Friday, the mining com-
pany said Glencore’s proposal
“lacks sufficient information on
key elements.”
The stage is now set for a
round of fractious negotiations
that could last for weeks. While
increasing  the price, Glencore
also added conditions to the deal,
which may not sit well with
Xstrata shareholders. 
Under the proposal, Ivan Gla-
senberg, Glencore’s chief execu-
tive, would lead the merged com-
pany. Previously, Mick Davis, the
head of Xstrata, was set to take
over as chief executive. Qatar has
been supportive of Mr. Davis and
his management team.
Glencore also wants the option
to restructure the deal as a take-
over, rather than a merger. By
doing so, the company would
need only 50 percent of Xstrata
investors to agree. Glencore,
which already owns 34 percent of
Xstrata, would also be able to
vote its shares in a takeover.
Such a move would greatly dilute
Qatar’s sway.
“This is now a lot cleaner deal,”
said Michael Rawlinson, head of
natural resources at Liberum
Capital in London. “It’s more of a
takeover with Ivan as C.E.O.”
While Qatar gave no public in-
dication of its support or opposi-
tion, Xstrata warned sharehold-
ers about the potential problems
with the deal. The company high-
lighted the “significant risk” if
Mr. Davis and his lieutenants did
not lead Glencore-Xstrata.
Xstrata also said the new ratio
offered a premium that was “sig-
nificantly lower than would be
expected in a takeover.” Xstrata
said the bid represented a 22.2
percent premium to its closing
price on Thursday. In 35 pro-
posed mining deals over the eight
years to 2011, the average pre-
mium paid was 31 percent, ac-
cording an HSBC report pub-
lished in February.
“It’s interesting that they rec-
ommended a deal at 2.8 and now
say that 3.05 is not high enough,”
said Andrew Keen, mining ana-
lyst at HSBC. “Xstrata looks like
they’re mounting a defense.” 
Xstrata’s stance gained sup-
port. On Friday, Knight Vinke,
the American activist investor,
said it “welcomed the Xstrata
board’s belated willingness to
represent the interests of minor-
ity investors.” Knight Vinke sided
with Qatar in July, after the emir-
ate demanded Glencore improve
the merger ratio to 3.25 to 1. 
Richard Buxton, a fund man-
ager at Schroders, told reporters,
“We were prepared to accept
3.25, and we hope the Qataris
stick to that number.” Schroders
owns nearly 1 percent of Xstrata. 
Other shareholders welcomed
Glencore’s offer. “We are sup-
portive of the improved terms
and the changes to the executive
governance arrangements,” said
David Cumming, head of equities
at Standard Life Investments, a
fund manager that owns 1.4 per-
cent of Xstrata and 0.8 percent of
Glencore. Previously, Mr. Cum-
ming had criticized the deal, call-
ing the earlier offer inadequate.
Xstrata and Glencore repre-
sentatives did not say when a
new shareholder vote would take
place. Glencore must first
present a firm offer. 
The revised deal represents an
about-face for a chief executive
who has gained a reputation as
one of the toughest negotiators in
the commodities business. For
months, Glencore seemed unwill-
ing to budge on its initial bid.
Last month, Mr. Glasenberg said
that it would be “no big deal” if
the merger failed and suggested
privately that Glencore could
make a new offer for Xstrata next
year.
The new proposal came togeth-
er at the last minute. After fast-
and-furious discussions, Mr. Gla-
senberg approached Qatar with
the deal late Thursday, according
to a banker to one of the two com-
panies, who spoke on the condi-
tion of anonymity. 
As Glencore shareholders
gathered Friday morning in Zug,
Switzerland, to vote, Simon Mur-
ray, the company’s chairman, ad-
journed the meeting, citing devel-
opments that had “happened
very recently overnight.” After
the proposal was unveiled pub-
licly, Xstrata adjourned its own
shareholder meeting. A few
hours later, Xstrata released its
critique of the outlined terms. 
Glencore’s package of new pro-
posals is “all about face-saving,”
the banker said. A higher offer
“was always there as a possibil-
ity.” 
Bid to Buy
Mining Firm
Is Increased
At 11th Hour
From First Business Page
ARND WIEGMANN/REUTERS
The mining company Xstrata’s Mount Isa mine in Queensland, Australia.Glencore adjourned a shareholder meeting on Friday after raising its bid for Xstrata.
A sweetened proposal
to win over hesitant
investors.
By JAMES KANTER
BRUSSELS — The leader of an
influential committee of the Euro-
pean Parliament said Friday that
a hearing to fill a seat on the ex-
ecutive board of the European
Central Bank had been post-
poned after officials ignored de-
mands to develop a plan to pro-
mote more women as candidates.
“There is now not even a single
woman sitting on the main board
of what is one of the most power-
ful and essential institutions in
the E.U.,” said Sharon Bowles,
chairwoman of the Parliament’s
economic and monetary affairs
committee.“The symbolic and
practical effects of this absence
are not without note.” 
The central bank’s executive
board has not included a woman
since last year.
Ms. Bowles, who is British, did
not set a new date for a hearing
to consider the candidacy of Yves
Mersch,governor of the Luxem-
bourg central bank. She said the
committee decided on Thursday
to postpone the hearing, which
had been scheduled for Monday.
Mr. Mersch, known for his
hawkish stance on inflation, was
nominated by euro area finance
ministers in July to succeed José
Manuel González-Páramo     of
Spain.
Although the Parliament does
not have the power to require
that women be considered and is
only supposed to play an advi-
sory role in selecting board mem-
bers, it could hold up the process
indefinitely by not giving its opin-
ion.
That could make the tussle a
test case for lawmakers who, like
Ms. Bowles, are trying both to
give the Parliament more influ-
ence over European economic
policy and to promote  gender
equality in top jobs.
Recent actions by the central
bank, in particular its decision
this week to buy short-term debt
of vulnerable countries, have
only added to its luster as a pre-
eminent European institution
with enough heft and power to
save the euro.
A related battle regarding gen-
der equity on company boards in
Europe is already in full swing.
On Monday, Viviane Reding,
the European Union’s   justice
commissioner, made a long-
awaited proposal requiring com-
panies to allocate 40 percent of
seats on supervisory boards to
women or face serious sanctions
later this decade.
But powerful sections of indus-
try have warned against quotas,
and they have the backing of a
number of European countries,
including Britain, which began a
diplomatic push this week to
block Ms. Reding’s proposal in fa-
vor of measures already in effect
in some member countries.
Ms. Reding said her proposal
deserved a full public hearing.
“Thankfully, European laws on
important topics like this are not
made by 10 men in dark suits be-
hind closed doors, but rather in a
democratic process with a demo-
cratically elected European Par-
liament,which will decide on an
equal footing with the council,”
she  said, referring to the body
that represents European gov-
ernments in Brussels.
Ms. Bowles said she had writ-
ten in May to Jean-Claude Junck-
er,president of the Eurogroup of
euro zone finance ministers and
prime minister of Luxembourg,
asking him to consider “at least
one candidate of each gender” for
the vacant post on the executive
board. She also asked Mr. Junck-
er to develop a medium-term
plan to advance women into in-
fluential positions at the central
bank and in finance ministries.
“I have received some verbal
assurances that no suitable wom-
en could be located, but no formal
reply nor answer concerning the
medium-term plan,” Ms. Bowles
said. “In consequence,it is felt
that our concerns have not been
addressed in a sufficiently rigor-
ous way and that it is not appro-
priate to proceed with the hear-
ing at this point in time.”
THIERRY CHARLIER/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
Sharon Bowles, center, said finance ministers ignored requests for a plan to promote women.
JOCK FISTICK/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Yves Mersch, governor of Luxembourg’s central bank, is the
nominee for an open seat on the European Central Bank board.
European Central Bank Hearing Is Put Off Over Lack of Female Nominee
By HIROKO TABUCHI
TOKYO — A political standoff
forced Japan on Friday to post-
pone  budget spending for the
first time in decades, underscor-
ing the beleaguered state of the
country’s ruling party. The action
clouded the country’s economic
outlook just as analysts were
warning of a slowdown.
The cabinet approved a delay,
through November, of 5 trillion
yen ($63 billion) in public spend-
ing, most of that in tax grants for
local governments and aid for
universities. It was the first time
since World War II that the gov-
ernment had delayed scheduled
spending in the middle of a fiscal
year, government officials said.
Spending on health care, social
welfare, the police and firefight-
ers and other vital services were
not affected.
The ruling Democratic Party
had tried to head off a delay by
trying to secure support for a
bond issuance bill that would fi-
nance about 40 percent of its 92
trillion yen ($117 billion) budget
for this fiscal year. But a spat
with the main opposition Liberal
Democratic Party over the timing
of the next general election —
one in which the Democrats were
expected to fare poorly — pre-
vented that bill from passing be-
fore the end of Parliament’s cur-
rent session on Saturday.
The government was expected
to seek a fresh compromise at a
special parliamentary session,
probably in October.
Addressing the nation Friday,
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda
lashed out at the opposition for
holding public services hostage.
“We are being forced to delay
spending to the last minute while
trying to protect public liveli-
hoods,” Mr. Noda said. “I hope
the opposition shares this sense
of crisis.”
Japan has been forced to rely
more on government bonds to fi-
nance its spending  as a weak
economy depresses tax revenue
and social welfare expenditures
surge to support a rapidly aging
population. Servicing its public
debt — which is more than twice
the size of its economy — has also
pressured Japan’s finances,
though the finance ministry says
it can meet its debt obligations
without the bond issuance bill.
But Japan’s central bank has
already been forced to act, pump-
ing about 2 trillion yen ($25 bil-
lion) into the market to meet an
expected jump in demand as lo-
cal governments  face delays in
getting their tax grants.
The delay also cast a shadow
over Japan’s economic recovery
from its earthquake and tsunami
disaster. Some economists
warned that the economy could
shrink in the third quarter as the
slowing global economy took a
toll on exports and as subsidies
on fuel-efficient vehicles ended.
FRANCK ROBICHON/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda in Tokyo on Friday. He criticized the opposition party for thwart-
ing a bill that would have financed about 40 percent of the government’s budget for this year. 
Impasse in Japan Forces Delay in Spending
B4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
A Tooth Fairy App?Believe It
Here’s one for the list of tools you can probably live without: An app
for iPhones and iPads that helps compute what the tooth fairy should
leave for your child.
Now, just in case there are any children who are avid Bucks read-
ers, I’m not saying that the tooth fairy doesn’t exist — just that he or
she may confer with parents to determine the amount of money that is
left under your pillow. 
I am saying, however, that parents who need an app to tell them
what value to place on their child’s bicuspids may need to get a life.
The app strikes me as appealing to well-meaning parents who compli-
cate childhood by over-thinking details that should just be fun. No-
body wants to be the parent whose child is “the talk at recess” be-
cause of a frugal tooth fairy, Amy Moncarz, a second-grade teacher at
Lucy V. Barnsley Elementary School in Rockville, Md., told USA To-
day.
Visa said a survey it conducted found that the average gift per tooth
was now $3, up from $2.60 last year, and that some lucky children got
$5 or more a tooth. 
I tried the tool online at practicalmoneyskills.com.It tells you what
children of parents similar to you are getting. My children seem to be
faring well; their tooth fairy leaves $2 a tooth, while the average
where we live is $1, according to the tool. 
But did I really need to know that? 
ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
Does the app also include information on type of tooth and
the separate rates given on each type? I know our tooth fairy has left a
crisp $5 and a book related to teeth or the tooth fairy for the first tooth
of each child, and a worn-out single that typically looks like it was found
in the lint trap of the dryer for all subsequent teeth. I suspect (though
we aren’t there yet) there may be a special bonus for the last tooth as
well. Yes, it is ridiculous. Miracles and Magic should not be dictated by
an app. Family fun and traditions are too important to be governed by
statistics.— Kama, Florida
Having been raised in a tooth fairy-agnostic household, I’m not sure
I understand. What are kids supposed to do with about $1 from the
tooth fairy? I don’t think you can buy anything for that amount nowa-
days, except maybe a soda or one fruit at the grocery store or a screw
at the hardware store. I’d hope that the kids could at least afford a cone
from an ice cream truck with their tooth fairy proceeds!
—Bob,NewYork
Online Advice
On Loans
Have you fallen behind on
your student loan payments?
The Consumer Financial Protec-
tion Bureau this summer intro-
duced an online tool to help you
evaluate your options.
The Student Loan Debt Collec-
tion Assistant on the agency’s
Web site (www.consumerfi-
nance.gov) asks questions to
help you determine what steps
to take if you’ve missed pay-
ments or think you may in the
future. It starts by asking if you
have federal loans,like a Perkins
or Stafford loan,or private loans.
(If you’re unsure, the site links
to the National Student Loan
Data System, where you can find
the answer.) Federal loans gen-
erally have more protections
than private loans.
If you’ve already missed pay-
ments, the tool advises you to
contact your loan servicer — the
company that collects and keeps
track of your payments — to see
what can be done to avoid going
into default. If you have federal
loans, for instance, you should
ask your servicer about arrange-
ments like income-based repay-
ment plans, which may lower
your monthly payment.
The site says that even if you
are in default on a private loan,
you have rights: debt collectors
cannot garnish your wages with-
out a court order or seize your
federal or state tax refund. 
ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS 
Oh what I could do if
75 percent of my monthly pay-
check weren’t going toward
loans. I’m happy to pay it back
because, yes, I borrowed it. But
please lower my unreasonably
high interest rates given the high
loan amounts.
— JM, Sacramento, Calif. 
I inadvertently missed the first
three months of payments on my
student loans because I was cal-
culating the start of my payoff
based on my graduation date
(August), and the lender was cal-
culating it based on the end of my
last courses (May). When I
moved to start a job in another
state, my parents never forward-
ed me the mail with the state-
ments, so I was just assuming.
(Lesson learned on assuming.)
When I found out, I immediately
paid the past-due balance out of
savings and began an acceler-
ated payoff schedule — paying
off the entire total of my student
loans by 25 months after my grad-
uation. 
Last I knew it was still on my
credit report. — Mrs. PoP, Florida
Options
To Avoid Fees
Prepaid cards can be a better
deal than checking accounts for
some people, but the cards need
more consumer safeguards, a
new report from the Pew Charita-
ble Trusts finds.
The report divides consumers
into three types in terms of their
banking expertise: “savvy,” who
use direct deposit and avoid fees
whenever possible; “basic,” who
aren’t as proficient at avoiding
fees and have at least one over-
draft fee a month; and “inexperi-
enced,” who make heavy use of
services but typically pay two
overdraft fees a month.
Then the researchers apply
those characteristics to more
than 200 checking accounts of-
fered by the 12 largest banks, and
52 prepaid cards available online,
to see which accounts best suit
each category.
For savvy consumers, check-
ing accounts are the most eco-
nomical, with a median monthly
cost of about $4, compared with
$4.50 for prepaid cards. But pre-
paid cards cost inexperienced
consumers a median of about $29
a month, compared with $94 for
checking accounts.
Still, the cards carry myriad
fees, and disclosure isn’t uniform.
Also, balances on prepaid cards
don’t always have clear protec-
tion from F.D.I.C. insurance, the
report finds. If a bank fails, the
agency reimburses depositors up
to $250,000. But many companies
that offer prepaid cards aren’t
banks and don’t hold the funds
themselves. Rather, they pool
funds in large accounts at a third-
party bank, where the money
may be covered by so-called
pass-through insurance, which
may be more tenuous, the report
says. 
The report urges better federal
oversight of the cards.
ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
I prefer a checking
account, thank you. But I can
imagine a couple of potential uses
for a prepaid card. One is paying
online to someone you don’t trust;
another is paying online with a lit-
tle more privacy. (In the “real
world,” you can use cash for those
things.)        — Bob, New York
An app helps the tooth fairy decide how much to leave. 
device specialist at Vanderbilt
University, said most of his pa-
tients with damaged leads had
elected to have them removed. “I
think people who have a defibril-
lator already have a ‘just fix it’
type of approach,” he said. 
That was Jacob Everidge’s atti-
tude. Mr. Everidge, a 23-year-old
from Athens, Ala.,who has a con-
dition that thickens the heart
muscle, had his Riata removed by
Dr. Rottman on Aug. 20.“I would
much rather go ahead and get it
out,” he said. “It wasn’t even a
decision.”
For now, Ms. de Groh said,she
will  follow her doctor’s advice to
wait and see if Avery’s lead be-
gins to fail. But that raises other
painful questions. Should   the
de Grohs  cancel a family vaca-
tion in the Catskills, where they’ll
be a half-hour from the nearest
hospital? Can they send Avery to
a sleepover? “As a mom of a
fourth grader,I’ve got to send
her to school,” said Ms. de Groh,
a nurse in McHenry, Ill., a small
town northwest of Chicago. But
“for her not to be in my sight at
all times is scary.” 
Ms. de Groh and all three of
her children were born with Long
QT syndrome, which can cause
their hearts to beat abnormally.
She has a defibrillator made by
Boston Scientific. Her 5-year-old
son, Oliver, has the Durata,a
newer lead made by St. Jude,
whose safety has also been ques-
tioned recently. Her younger son,
3-month-old Monty, is too young
for the operation,but he will
eventually need a defibrillator,
too. Because of her family histo-
ry, Ms. de Groh has traveled
twice to Washington to lobby law-
makers on device safety, but said
she learned of the Riata recall
only in August,after reading a
newsletter written by a patient
advocacy group.
She said she was angry at the
F.D.A. and St. Jude for not con-
tacting patients directly. “When
something is implanted in a body,
especially a child’s body, how can
I find out about it through a
newsletter?” she asked. Avery’s
doctor, Marc Ovadia, said he
chose not to tell Ms. De Groh
about the recall because Avery’s
lead is functioning “perfectly”
and replacing it would require
cracking open her chest. Telling
patients about the recall, he said,
could lead to unnecessary worry.
“We want to make sure before we
yell ‘fire’ in a crowded theater
that this is fire,” he said. Still, he
said, he regrets that Ms. de Groh
found out about the recall the
way she did. “These are tough,
tough issues,” he said.
Mrs. de Groh’s frustration ech-
oed that of consumer advocates
who have criticized manufactur-
ers and the F.D.A. for what they
said was inadequate testing of
medical devices before approval
and a chaotic system for identify-
ing problems once they are on
the market. 
In one example of the conflict-
ing information about    the de-
vices, St. Jude reported last No-
vember that the problem with the
Riata leads was affecting less
than 1 percent of patients. But an
internal report by an F.D.A. em-
ployee   that month challenged
that assessment, arguing that the
company was underestimating
the problem. The agency did not
publicize the report, which was
obtained through a Freedom of
Information Act request and pro-
vided to The New York Times by
a lawyer whose client is suing St.
Jude. 
The F.D.A. analysis proved to
be correct: in July,a new St. Jude
study   found that the Riata
showed signs of failing in 19 per-
cent of patients.
The F.D.A. declined to com-
ment on the report, other than to
say that it was not unusual for
the agency and the manufacturer
to evaluate safety risks differ-
ently. Mitchell Shein,a manager
in the F.D.A.’s division of cardio-
vascular devices, said deciding
when to communicate with the
public was often a tough call.
“We’re very, very cautious to en-
ter the public discourse on a med-
ical issue unless we think we
have something to add to that,”
he said.
In addition to its recommenda-
tions that all patients with the Ri-
ata undergo imaging tests, the
agency also ordered St. Jude to
conduct additional studies on the
Riata, which is no longer sold,
and the Durata. Both were de-
signed to be thinner than compet-
ing leads sold by Boston Scientif-
ic and Medtronic, making them
easier to guide through blood
vessels. 
The Durata is made with a new
coating that the company said
seemed to have fixed the issue,
but a study by a leading heart re-
searcher has recently called that
into question. 
When a defibrillator is implant-
ed, the lead is threaded through a
blood vessel until it reaches the
heart. In time, scar tissue can
build up around it, making re-
moval risky. The agency advised
against removing the leads pre-
emptively and said patients who
had  not experienced problems
should undergo regular monitor-
ing.
Some doctors have challenged
the recommendation against rou-
tinely removing the leads, argu-
ing that they can cause other
problems when left in, like in-
terfering with replacement leads.
“There are potential risks associ-
ated with all options,” said Dr.
Laurence Epstein, a heart device
specialist at Brigham and Wom-
en’s Hospital in Boston. 
Dr. Ovadia, a heart device spe-
cialist at Advocate Lutheran Gen-
eral Children’s Hospital outside
of Chicago, said he did not know
that the F.D.A. was recommend-
ing that all Riata patients un-
dergo imaging tests until a re-
porter told him about the agen-
cy’s advice. And he said a St.
Jude sales representative did not
inform him of   the new recom-
mendations in a conversation in
late August.
A St. Jude spokeswoman said
the company notified doctors
about the F.D.A. recommenda-
tions in a letter posted to its Web
site, which it also sent to St. Jude
field representatives. The letter
explained the F.D.A.’s position on
imaging, but also noted the issue
was “complex and needs to take
into account additional patient
circumstances.” 
In a separate statement, St.
Jude said the company “contin-
ues to work closely with the
F.D.A. and communicate impor-
tant information with accuracy
and integrity in a timely manner
to inform patient care.” 
Ms. de Groh said her thoughts
had  been turning to her baby,
Monty. For now, he takes beta
blockers to regulate his heart-
beat. Common sense would tell
her that he should receive a defi-
brillator when he is old enough.
After all, medical devices fail in
only a tiny percentage of cases.
“They’re supposed to save
their life, but all it’s done in our
family is cause problems,” Ms.
de Groh said. “So you’re really
conflicted as a parent on how to
treat your kid if these devices are
going to constantly be a source of
fear and worry.”
JOHN GRESS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The de Groh family, Alex, 5-year-old Oliver, 3-month-old Montgomery, Molly and 9-year-old Avery at their home in McHenry, Ill. 
An Unpredictable Danger Looms Close to the Heart
From Page A1
Broken defibrillators
pose a risk; so does
trying to fix them. 
WASHINGTON (Reuters) —
The Federal Communications
Commission will meet at the end
of the month to discuss rules for
an auction where broadcasters
will sell spectrum to wireless car-
riers, the agency’s chairman said
on Friday.
The F.C.C.has been asked by
Congress to encourage broad-
casters to sell UHF,or ultrahigh
frequency,spectrum, which is
great for mobile data, to wireless
carriers that have complained
about a lack of available spec-
trum as United States consumers
use increasingly more data.
Through the auction, broad-
casters would be encouraged to
sell spectrum they do not use,
share with other broadcasters to
free up spectrum or move to
VHF,or very high frequency,
which is good for broadcasters
but inadequate for mobile phones
and data streaming.
“To ensure ongoing innovation
in mobile broadband, we must
pursue several strategies vigor-
ously: freeing up more spectrum
for both licensed use and for un-
licensed services like Wi-Fi; driv-
ing faster speeds, greater capaci-
ty, and ubiquitous mobile Inter-
net coverage; and taking addi-
tional steps to ensure that our in-
visible infrastructure for mobile
innovation can meet the needs of
the 21st century,”  the agency’s
chairman, Julius Genachowski,
said in a statement.
Mr.Genachowski began circu-
lating proposed rules to other
commissioners on Friday, with
plans to discuss the proposal at a
Sept. 28 meeting.
The agency hopes to complete
the rules in the middle of next
year and hold the auction in 2014,
an F.C.C.official said.
The official declined to put a
dollar value on the potential sale,
saying it would vary widely de-
pending on what spectrum
broadcasters were inclined to
give up and how much wireless
companies would be willing to
pay.
The National Association of
Broadcasters has been pushing
to ensure that the spectrum auc-
tions are entirely voluntary for
broadcasters and that any re-
arrangement of spectrum is done
in a way that does not hurt any
broadcasters.
Julie Kearney,vice president
for regulatory affairs at the Con-
sumer Electronics Association,
praised the agency’s action.
“The auctions will yield innu-
merable benefits for American
consumers to access wireless
broadband and ensure that de-
vices such as smartphones and
tablets can continue to connect to
those networks,”  she said in a
statement.
F.C.C. Moving Forward on a UHF Spectrum Auction 
DANIEL ROSENBAUM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Julius Genachowski, chairman of the F.C.C.,said that more spectrumneeded to be freed up. 
Congress wants
broadcasters to share,
or move to VHF.
N
B5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
PERSONAL BUSINESS 
ing, however, when children want to
cash out. They can make a request to
their parents to use money from their
“Spend” account in Tykoon’s Amazon-
.com store or take money from their
“Give” account for a charity. At that
point, parents pay with their own credit
cards and Tykoon subtracts the virtual
money from the proper categories.
Tykoon handpicks products and non-
profit groups for children to choose
from, which is annoying if your children
want something that Tykoon hasn’t
preapproved or are fond of a cause that
the site does not list. The upside, howev-
er, is that children don’t end up in the
sex toy aisle at Amazon. In fact, chil-
dren can’t do a single thing — move
money, mark a chore as complete or
buy anything — without a parent ap-
proving or confirming it. 
Still, why such a strong focus on actu-
al transactions? To Mr. Bruinooge, chil-
dren under 18 are perhaps the largest
unbanked population in the United
States. But his target market is one that
will not make deposits until they have
their first regular jobs. “Tykoon is the
bank of mom and dad until you trans-
act,” he said. “So we wanted to allow
kids to have everyday experiences that
they can learn from.”
Striving to make enough to buy or
give (or earn extra privileges, like more
television or Internet time, which is an-
other option) turns out to be a compel-
ling enough proposition that some par-
ents find themselves getting requests
from their children via Tykoon for more
chores to complete. 
That ought to warm any parent’s
heart, at least at first glance. But here’s
the uncomfortable thing about it: Those
requests may well come via an e-mail
generated by Tykoon on a computer or
tablet or smartphone that your child
was using, not via an actual conversa-
tion. 
To me, the biggest mark against sites
like this is that they make money less
tangible. Children ought to learn to han-
dle it and count it and watch it grow
slowly over time in piles inside a see-
through storage container. They need to
resist (or give in to) the temptation to
take it out and blow it all or lose it by ac-
cident. At least, they ought to do all of
this for a couple of years after starting
to receive an allowance. 
And as much as I love automating my
own financial life, one reason sites like
Tykoon haven’t quite set the world on
fire yet may be that plenty of parents
want to keep their children away from
screens if the real-world alternative,
like a jar,is a reasonable one. 
“I’m not trying to win a battle for
screen time,” Mr. Bruinooge said. “I’m
trying to create a utility. The most time
one would spend on the site is to see
what’s in the Tykoon store.”
That’s a fair point, though the toolish-
ness of Version 1 of the site is what
gives a few other experts pause. Sara
Fenske Bahat, a former banker and reg-
ulator who is working on a technology
start-up related to families and money,
worried that Tykoon felt more like a
task management site than a money
site. “I realize you have to start some-
where and that it makes sense to begin
with the parents,” she said. “But to me,
it’s like TurboTax. It’s very spread-
sheet-y.” A new version of the site
should fix some of this.
Neale Godfrey, the author of the clas-
sic children-and-money book “Money
Doesn’t Grow on Trees,” wondered why
Tykoon didn’t take more of a gamelike
approach. “A typical kid is out there
playing Angry Birds,” she said. “So how
do you get the eyeball of that child as a
parent and say to them that ‘This is
what I want you to do?’” 
Ms. Godfrey has her own answer to
the question, an app coming out next
month called Green$treets: Unleash the
Loot, that is intended to both entertain
children and teach them about money
while connecting parents and other
grown-ups to the endeavor. It’s aimed at
5- to 8-year-olds. “I went with the little
ones, because the older ones are an im-
possible group,” she said.
Mr. Bruinooge said that Tykoon was
already planning on bringing in some
game-design talent to help make the ex-
perience more engaging. To pay for it,
he’s exploring business models beyond
the small payment Tykoon gets as an
Amazon affiliate.
One likely possibility is to partner
with major banks that would pay to of-
fer their own versions of Tykoon, some-
thing that FamZoo is already doing with
credit unions. Tykoon’s founders and
their investors have tentacles into many
of the biggest for-profit banking institu-
tions, and partnering with any one of
them, if it happens, could put the site
squarely in front of untold numbers of
parents. 
In a perfect world for those custom-
ers, graduates of Tykoon with, say, five
years of good behavior under their belts
would one day be eligible for no-fee
checking accounts or a rock-bottom
rates for private student loans. 
But in reality, teenagers and college
students are among the most error-
prone of all banking customers. The
best test of all for sites like Tykoon will
be whether their heavy users learn to
be so patient, persistent and thrifty that
they make no money mistakes at all as
young adults. 
Managing a Child’s Allowance, the Online Version
MICHAEL FALCO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mark Bruinooge, foreground, with his team at Tykoon, a money management site for children. He hopes to add games to make the site more engaging.
From First Business Page
By PAUL SULLIVAN
S
OME wealthy people will have to
make a decision soon if they are
to take advantage of the $5.12
million gift tax exemption that is
due to expire at the end of the year.
Cash is always the easiest way to take
advantage of the exemption, but few
wealthy people want to give that much
money away lest they need it at some
point. Property, on the other hand, has
several virtues. Its value may be de-
pressed now,but it is likely to go up by
the time heirs get control.In addition,
some wealthy people view property as a
way of keeping the family together.
But giving a second home as a gift
can be more complicated than people
often expect, wealth advisers say. Other
types of property,like timberland,
farms or buildings,are a better option,
advisers say, because they generate in-
come. Still, they also present an intrigu-
ing problem beyond how to take advan-
tage of the tax break: how do you make
sure the property is well managed for
the next 50 years? 
This is something the family that
Mark Schleicher married into has been
contemplating for 90 years. He said that
his wife’s family acquired 33,000 acres
in southwest Florida when they lent a
timber baron some money and he de-
faulted on the loan. The land, on the bor-
der of Sarasota and Manatee Counties,
was held in trust and more or less sat
there. 
The family, whose money came from
the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company,
had hired a manager to operate it as a
ranch, mostly for running cattle, grow-
ing citrus trees and mining shells,
which were used for road construction.
But in the 1990s, the family decided
that the land was being mismanaged
and sought advice on how to develop it,
Mr. Schleicher said. Since then, they
have turned a quarter of the land into
Lakewood Ranch, a planned community
with 7,500 homes, four million square
feet of commercial space and amenities
that include golf courses, soccer fields
and a polo field. 
“We’re taking great pride in doing
this project,” said Mr. Schleicher, who is
a board member of Schroeder-Manatee
Ranch or SMR, the family holding com-
pany that owns Lakewood Ranch and
other businesses on the property. “It’s
not about squeezing the last nickel out
of the thing. It’s about creating a really
first-class community that we can all be
proud of, and it’s our legacy, really, as a
family.”
This, of course, is the reason people
leave property in trust. Cash can be
spent and so can stocks and bonds,after
they are cashed in. But land is meant to
keep everyone together generation af-
ter generation. So why, then,do these
plans often fail? 
Not surprisingly, many of them are
hatched too quickly or without any ad-
vice from the people who are going to
benefit from the property but also have
to manage it. 
“When parents don’t communicate
well, that’s when things don’t work out,”
said Peter E. Lang, a managing director
at HighTower Advisors, a wealth man-
agement firm. “The more complicated
the asset, the more planning;that’s
when you need to get the kids involved.”
This particularly applies to property,
whether it is a vacation home, undevel-
oped land or a vast planned community.
It comes with the obligation to manage
it,whether providing simple upkeep or
making larger economic decisions. 
Scott J. Cooper, managing director in
the wealth structuring group at Merrill
Lynch, said there had been a lot of inter-
est in putting vacation homes in trust to
take advantage of the gift tax exemp-
tion, but he said homes were not always
an ideal asset, particularly when sev-
eral children and spouses would use one
house. 
“Anyone who has ever shared a dorm
room with another person probably has
a point of view on this,” he said. “First of
all,there is the issue of,do the kids real-
ly want it? Then,you have all the chal-
lenges of a time share. When it’s time to
remodel the kitchen, do you go with
granite countertops or Formica? That
gets pretty dicey.”
Mr. Lang said that even when clients
navigated these issues smoothly,there
was usually compromise. 
He recalled a client who left her Cape
Cod beach house to her twin daughters.
One lived around Boston and used it all
the time; the other lived outside New
York and had little interest in making
the five-hour drive. But they agreed to
own it jointly and split the expenses be-
cause the New York daughter worked in
the family business and benefited from
that in a way her sister could not. 
“They were just very open about it,”
Mr. Lang said. 
With a property like Lakewood
Ranch, which generates income but also
requires investment to keep building it
out, the intrafamily discussions are big-
ger and carry greater financial conse-
quences. 
“Real estate is very personal,” said
Michael E. Papierski, senior vice presi-
dent at Northern Trust and a board
member of SMR. “People don’t look at it
anything like stocks and bonds. They
look at how it’s going to be managed in
the future.”
His firm manages various properties
owned in trust, including a ski resort,a
Manhattan office building and a recre-
ational complex in Michigan. He said a
big issue that divided families was
whether the property should be run to
generate income in the short term for
current beneficiaries or managed so
that its value increased over time. 
The answer usually depends on what
kind of beneficiaries they are. A second
spouse who receives only the income
from a trust is not going to feel the same
about managing the property as chil-
dren from the first marriage who will
pass it on to their children. 
In the case of Lakewood Ranch, Mr.
Schleicher said the families used a com-
bination of cash flow and borrowing to
build out the community. Doing so re-
quired agreement not just among the 12
board members but also among the
larger family. 
“The family generally has a unified
opinion that this is a legacy asset,” Mr.
Papierski said. “They see the long-term
benefits and value that can come from
this property.” 
But that also raises the question of
what happens when the number of de-
scendants increases over time and
there are more, but smaller, ownership
stakes.Mr. Schleicher said that two or
three families controlled Lakewood
Ranch and that he had involved his chil-
dren so they would know what was go-
ing on when their generation took over. 
This is not the norm. Mr. Papierski
said Northern Trust used to manage an
office building that was owned in trust
with 25 beneficiaries who often dis-
agreed. In that case, he said the benefi-
ciaries got lucky: they were able to sell
the building back to the developer, al-
lowing the trust to simply distribute
cash to the beneficiaries. 
More often, family members will
struggle to sell their stakes in a prop-
erty. Mr. Cooper at Merrill Lynch said
he advised clients to put provisions in
trusts so that children could sell their
shares to other family members. 
“The trust also needs the mechanism
to buy a beneficiary’s interest out, if ev-
eryone has a different position in life
and there’s a disparity in income,” he
said. The rich brother, he said,“should
be able to find a way to buy out his
brothers’ interest.”
“But it’s hard to force people to do it,”
he said.
On an income-generating property,
Mr. Cooper said,the same issues can
arise when siblings or cousins are seek-
ing money from the trust. “I don’t care
who you are, if your brother is getting a
$25,000 distribution because there was
some excess cash in the building, every-
one wants a $25,000 cash distribution,”
he said. 
When it works out well, though, prop-
erty can indeed keep a family together.
Mr. Schleicher said he thought the fam-
ily had succeeded in sticking together
because no one depended on the income
from the property. 
“It sat there for 70 years,” he said.
“There wasn’t any income there. So this
is kind of like a newfound income
stream, if you will.” 
In the 10 years that he has been in-
volved in managing the property, he
said the family had gotten along. “We’re
all in the same boat and pulling in the
same direction,” he said.
But he said it would take an addition-
al 30 or 40 years for Lakewood Ranch to
be completed. And that’s a long time for
any boat to stay the course — some-
thing for others to keep in mind. 
WEALTH MATTERS
Family Property Means 
Managing for a Legacy
HERB SWANSON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mark Schleicher at home in Vermont. His wife’s family is developing thousands of acres of land it owns in Florida. 
Compromise and
cooperation are crucial in
shared assets. 
B6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
industry and its allies versus the
American taxpayer.”
For many in the mutual fund
industry, 2008 seems both a dis-
tant memory and the equivalent
of a 100-year flood, something un-
likely to be repeated. But just
four years ago, on Sept. 16, 2008,
shortly after Lehman Brothers
collapsed,the Reserve Fund, the
nation’s oldest money market
fund, “broke the buck” and set off
a run on the global money fund
industry.
Money market funds — con-
venient, higher-yielding and sup-
posedly ultrasafe alternatives to
deposits at banks — are a main-
stay of the mutual fund industry,
offered by all the major fund fam-
ilies. They typically invest in
short-term, low-risk assets (like
United States Treasuries and
highly rated commercial paper),
and with the blessing of regula-
tors, each day they report a sta-
ble net asset value of $1 a share.
That’s convenient for tax pur-
poses (there are never any re-
portable gains or losses),and it
promotes the idea that these
funds are risk-free because the
reported value never fluctuates. 
In reality, this has always been
an illusion, or what Ms. Schapiro
calls a “fiction.” Even short-term
assets may fluctuate as interest
rates change, even if the moves
are very small. And they can also
fluctuate because of credit risks.
That’s what happened to the Re-
serve Fund: it owned $785 million
in Lehman Brothers’ commercial
paper. When the value of Lehman
Brothers debt collapsed, there
was no way the Reserve Fund
could claim that its shares were
worth $1, even using generous
rounding and averaging tactics to
mask shifts in value. When the
Reserve Fund admitted its
shares weren’t worth $1, invest-
ors panicked and began a run on
the fund. The Reserve Fund froze
its assets and no one could get
their money out, even though the
actual net asset value was only a
few cents less than $1.
The run quickly spread to oth-
er money market funds. Funds
were frantically trying to unload
commercial paper and other as-
sets to raise cash. Major corpora-
tions that rely on commercial pa-
per to cover day-to-day opera-
tions found themselves unable to
issue new securities as the mar-
ket teetered on collapse. Secre-
tary Paulson fielded phone calls
from chief executives alarmed
that they might be unable to meet
their payrolls. The run on the Re-
serve Fund and other money
market funds took the financial
crisis straight from Wall Street to
Main Street.
I remember that week vividly
because I relied on a money mar-
ket fund for cash. When I needed
some, I went to an A.T.M.and
tapped in my access code. I didn’t
even have a conventional bank
account and prided myself on my
modern approach — until I woke
up the morning after the Reserve
announcement to face the pros-
pect that I might not have access
to any of my money. In the many
years I’d been relying on my
money market account, such a
calamity had never crossed my
mind. Those old-fashioned gov-
ernment-insured bank accounts
suddenly looked appealing.
Like many others, I was saved
by Treasury and Federal Reserve
officials who concluded that
money fund assets would be
backed in their entirety by the
full faith and credit of the United
States. The move stopped the run
in its tracks. The commercial pa-
per market came back to life, bor-
rowing costs eased, and A.T.M.’s
kept dispensing money to people
like me. Though largely unsung
at the time, it was an important
step that staved off a global fi-
nancial collapse.
It also made American taxpay-
ers liable for over $3 trillion, the
total assets held by money mar-
ket funds at the time. It dwarfed
the size of the subsequent TARP
bailout, which was $750 billion.
And even though policy makers
across the political spectrum
vowed that such a thing could
never happen again, the failure of
the S.E.C.’s draft proposals last
month means that American tax-
payers could again be liable for
trillions of dollars in assets.
To prevent this, the S.E.C.pro-
posed two major reforms. The
first was to report money market
fund values the way every other
fund does, which is the actual net
asset value, or N.A.V., not some-
thing rounded to $1. The idea is
that investors would become ac-
customed to and comfortable
with slight changes in values.
The net asset values of many
short-term bond funds fluctuate
modestly, and there aren’t any
panics or runs just because their
value declines a penny or two.
The second was to require fund
sponsors, if they wanted to main-
tain the stable $1 value, to start
holding cash reserves.
The mutual fund industry ral-
lied against the proposals and
lobbied fiercely to defeat them.
The industry’s self-interest is ob-
vious: the proposals impose
costs and additional regulations.
More fundamentally, why would-
n’t the industry and money mar-
ket fund customers love the sta-
tus quo? They get all the benefits
of an implied government guar-
antee while taxpayers assume all
the risk. Several people com-
pared the situation to the way the
mortgage industry fiercely sup-
ported Fannie Mae and Freddie
Mac before the financial crisis
made the government responsi-
ble for them.
But is it only naked self-inter-
est that explains the industry’s
opposition? I spoke to John S.
Woerth, a spokesman for Van-
guard, which is the largest mutu-
al fund company and, as a non-
profit company, can usually be
relied upon to act in the best in-
terests of its customers. Van-
guard has strongly opposed the
S.E.C.’s reform efforts. 
“We believe the proposals, if
implemented, would end money
market funds,” Mr. Woerth told
me. “Our clients want a stable
N.A.V. They write checks, pay
their bill from these accounts.
Would every one of these now be
a taxable transaction based on
gains and losses? That’s untena-
ble.” As for the capital require-
ment, “It would be onerous and
raise costs, which would have to
be passed onto our clients.” He
noted that Vanguard’s Prime
money market fund this week
was yielding just 0.4 percent and
additional costs would bring it
close to zero. He noted that many
fund companies were already
waiving expenses to keep the
funds’ yields above zero, and said
that additional costs were not
sustainable.
Vanguard has also argued that
the 2008 crisis set off by the Re-
serve Fund was a liquidity crisis,
and that reforms already adopted
in 2010 address that issue. 
The S.E.C.counters that its job
isn’t to ensure the survival of
money market funds, but to pro-
tect Americans from another Re-
serve-type crisis, which remains
possible unless there are further
changes. Even John C. Bogle,
Vanguard’s 83-year-old founder
and former chairman, broke
ranks with the company and of-
fered support for the S.E.C.’s pro-
posed reforms. In a recent inter-
view, he told The Associated
Press that the stable $1 value is
an “illusion” and that money
market funds pose “one of the
major risks in the mutual fund in-
dustry.”
Mr. Woerth responded:“John
Bogle speaks his mind on any is-
sue and always has. He’s an icon-
oclast and a rabble-rouser.”
Ms. Schapiro told me she won’t
raise the issue again with the cur-
rent commission.So the debate
now shifts to the Treasury, Fed-
eral Reserve and Financial Sta-
bility Oversight Council for fur-
ther study. But any action could
be years away. And given the re-
cent fate of the S.E.C.’s four-year
effort and the fund industry’s
clout in Washington, it may never
happen until the next crisis is
upon us.
Influence of Money Market Fund Companies Ended an Overhaul
PETER FOLEY/BLOOMBERG NEWS
John C. Bogle, founder of the Vanguard Group,supported changes proposed by the S.E.C.
SAUL LOEB/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
The S.E.C. chairwoman, Mary Schapiro,dropped an overhaul
for money market funds because commissioners did not agree.
From First Business Page
Concern about an
industry after the
2008 financial crisis. 
By Reuters
Stocks in the United States
held steady at four-year highs on
Friday, closing out their best
week since June as a disappoint-
ing jobs report fueled expecta-
tions that the Federal Reserve
would act to stimulate the econ-
omy next week.
The Standard & Poor’s 500-
stock index closed higher,but
strength in both the Dow Jones
industrial average and Nasdaq
was limited by the blue  chips
Intel and Kraft, both of which is-
sued warnings on their profit out-
looks.
In the employment report, non-
farm payrolls in August showed
growth of only 96,000 jobs, well
under the 125,000 expected. The
tepid increase added to expecta-
tions that the Fed would an-
nounce additional stimulus after
its policy meeting on Thursday.
Until then, investors could be in a
holding pattern.
“There’s no way to sugarcoat
how disappointing the jobs num-
ber was, and as it reinforces the
view the economy is lagging, that
puts more pressure on the Fed to
act,” said Joseph S. Tanious, glo-
bal market strategist at J.P. Mor-
gan Funds in New York.
“I absolutely think stocks still
have room to grow from here, but
there will certainly be disappoint-
ment if we don’t get direction
from the Fed next week,” he said.
The expectations of central
bank intervention, both by the
Fed and the European Central
Bank, fueled a rally that took the
S.& P. 500 to its highest level
since January 2008 and pushed
the Nasdaq to a 12-year high on
Thursday.
The gains were fueled by the
European Central Bank’s  deci-
sion to introduce a potentially un-
limited bond-buying program to
lower the borrowing costs of
struggling euro zone countries.
“This was a very bold and un-
orthodox move by the E.C.B., and
it appears to be more important
for stocks than the payroll report,
another example of how Europe
is impacting the U.S. with a
vengeance,” said Marco P. Priani,
vice president at Advisory Re-
search in Chicago, which has
about $10 billion in assets.
Energy and financial shares
were among the day’s strongest,
lifted as investors bought shares
in areas tied to the pace of eco-
nomic growth. ConocoPhillips
rose 1.5 percent to $56.64,while
Noble Energy rose 2.4 percent to
$91.50. Bank of America surged
5.4 percent to $8.80.
The Dow ended up 14.64 points,
or 0.11 percent, at 13,306.64. The
S.& P. 500 was up 5.80 points, or
0.40 percent, at 1,437.92. The Nas-
daq was up 0.61 point, or 0.02 per-
cent, at 3,136.42.
The Treasury’s benchmark 10-
year note rose 
3
/
32
, to 99
20
/
32
, and
the yield fell to 1.67 percent from
1.68 percent late Thursday.
For the week, the S.& P. was up
2.2 percent while the Dow rose 1.6
percent and the Nasdaq in-
creased 2.3 percent. 
Shares of Pandora Media fell 17
percent to $10.47 after   reports
that Apple was in talks to license
music for a radio service like the
one Pandora operates.
Intel cut its third-quarter reve-
nue estimate  and withdrew its
full-year forecast, saying demand
for its chips declined as custom-
ers reduced inventory and busi-
nesses bought fewer personal
computers. Shares of Intel, the
world’s largest chip maker,fell
3.6 percent,to $24.19,while the
Philadelphia Semiconductor In-
dex lost 0.8 percent.
Kraft Foods gave earnings
forecasts for the two companies it
will split into next month that dis-
appointed analysts. The stock,
which like Intel is a Dow compo-
nent, fell 5.5 percent to $39.99.
The jobs report showed the un-
employment rate dropped to 8.1
percent,from 8.3 percent in July,
but the improvement was largely
because more workers gave up
the search for a job.
Material shares were among
the strongest of the day after Chi-
na approved $157 billion in infra-
structure spending in a move to
energize an economy that has re-
cently shown signs of slowing.
AK Steel Holding surged 7.6 per-
cent to $5.78,while James River
Coal added 5.3 percent to $2.76
and Alpha Natural Resources
soared 17 percent to $6.90.
About 65 percent of companies
traded on the New York Stock
Exchange closed higher while 56
percent of Nasdaq shares ended
higher.
Volume was light, with about
6.44 billion shares traded on the
New York Stock Exchange, the
American Stock Exchange and
Nasdaq, below last year’s daily
average of 7.84 billion.
STOCKS &BONDS 
Shares Hang On to Thursday’s Highs as Focus Veers to Fed 
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals 
yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
THE NEW YORK TIMES
13,260
13,280
13,300
13,320
10 a.m.Noon                       2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
13,292.00
RICHARD DREW/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Richard Cohen, a trader at the New York Stock Exchange. The jobs report missed expectations. 
By The Associated Press
The Kroger Company,the na-
tion’s largest traditional grocer,
said Friday that its profit dipped
slightly in the second quarter as
it faced higher expenses and an
increased tax rate.
The company said an impor-
tant sales figure rose during the
period as its loyalty program
helped attract shoppers. But mer-
chandise costs, which includes
advertising, warehouse and
transportation expenses, rose 4.3
percent.
For the three months ended
Aug. 11, the company reported
net income of $279.1 million, or 51
cents a share. That is down from
$280.8 million, or 46 cents a share,
a year ago when there were more
outstanding shares.
Revenue, including fuel,
climbed 3.9 percent to $21.73 bil-
lion.
Analysts expected earnings of
49 cents a share on revenue of
$21.89 billion.
Kroger now anticipates fiscal
2012 earnings of $2.35 to $2.42 a
share, up from $2.33 to $2.40 a
share. Analysts predict $2.38 a
share.
Kroger is fighting to retain
shoppers as it faces intensifying
competition from big-box retail-
ers, drugstores and specialty gro-
cers. To attract customers, Krog-
er’s loyalty program offers dis-
counts to customers based on
their past purchases.
Rodney McMullen,Kroger’s
president and chief operating of-
ficer, said the company was also
trying to improve other parts of
the shopping experience. For ex-
ample, he said the company had
whittled the checkout wait time
to an average of about 30 sec-
onds. In the past, Mr. McMullen
said the average wait was as long
as four minutes.
The efforts seem to be paying
off, with sales at supermarkets
open at least a year up 3.6 per-
cent, when excluding fuel. That
metric is a crucial gauge of health
because it excludes the impact of
newly opened and closed loca-
tions.
Kroger is also facing higher
costs. Its tax rate in the latest
quarter rose to 34.5 percent, from
27.6 percent a year ago. In the
third and fourth quarters, it ex-
pects the rate to be about 36 per-
cent.
The company’s stock closed
down 37 cents, or 1.6 percent, to
$22.73. 
DANIEL ACKER/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Kroger, which faces intensifying competition,is trying to im-
prove parts of the shopping experience like the checkout wait. 
Kroger Reports Lower Profits
As Tax Rate and Costs Rise
Efforts to retain
shoppers with a
loyalty program. 
35 STW.,#147   B'twn Broadway &7th
500,700 &1400 sq ft,totally renov'd,new
windows,acrossfromMacy's.NO FEE
falconproperties.com         212-302-3000
Offices−Manhattan                 105
N
B7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Australia (Dollar) 1.0383 .9631
China (Yuan) .1577 6.3428
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1289 7.7556
India (Rupee) .0181 55.3600
Japan (Yen) .0128 78.2400
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3215 3.1100
New Zealand (Dollar) .8121 1.2314
Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.6500
Philippines (Peso) .0241 41.5200
Singapore (Dollar) .8093 1.2356
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1129.8
Taiwan (Dollar) .0337 29.6800
Thailand (Baht) .0322 31.0600
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20830
Britain (Pound) 1.6005 .6248
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0523 19.1210
Denmark (Krone) .1720 5.8124
Europe (Euro) 1.2806 .7809
Hungary (Forint) .0045 221.67
Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1700.90 1742.00 1688.80 1738.00 + 34.80 26,657
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 3257.00 3368.50 3203.00 3363.30 + 101.40 1,103
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 421.00 312.00 Oct 12 352.40 365.80 352.15 365.35 + 13.15 4,463
Nasdaq 100 2825.11 ◊ 4.60 ◊ 0.16 + 27.04 + 24.03
Composite 3136.42 + 0.61 + 0.02 + 23.05 + 20.39
Industrials 2559.25 + 11.27 + 0.44 + 15.48 + 18.03
Banks 1878.87 + 10.91 + 0.58 + 25.48 + 16.14
Insurance 4546.14 ◊ 3.94 ◊ 0.09 + 15.93 + 6.29
Other Finance 4088.27 + 29.13 + 0.72 + 18.60 + 18.64
Telecommunications 199.78 ◊ 0.22 ◊ 0.11 + 3.47 + 1.45
Computer 1702.48 ◊ 5.21 ◊ 0.31 + 28.86 + 23.48
Industrials 13306.64 + 14.64 + 0.11 + 16.57 + 8.91
Transportation 5072.20 + 27.57 + 0.55 + 11.97 + 1.05
Utilities 471.86 ◊ 0.67 ◊ 0.14 + 10.01 + 1.55
Composite 4454.17 + 7.98 + 0.18 + 14.00 + 5.25
100 Stocks 660.41 + 2.06 + 0.31 + 22.60 + 15.70
500 Stocks 1437.92 + 5.80 + 0.40 + 19.96 + 14.34
Mid-Cap 400 1004.60 + 4.97 + 0.50 + 17.00 + 14.27
Small-Cap 600 473.97 + 2.33 + 0.49 + 21.99 + 14.19
MARKET GAUGES
+15%
+10%
+  5%
0%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
3-MONTH TREND
1,250
1,300
1,350
1,400
1,450
1,500
July
Aug.
+15%
+10%
+  5%
0%
Nasdaq Composite
3-MONTH TREND
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
July
Aug.
+15%
+10%
+  5%
0%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3-MONTH TREND
12,000
12,500
13,000
13,500
14,000
July
Aug.
NASDAQ
COMPOSITE
3,136.42 
+0.61
U
10-YEAR 
TREASURY YIELD
1.67% 
–0.01
CRUDE
OIL
$96.42 
+$0.89
U
GOLD
(N.Y.)
$1,737.50 
+$34.90
U
THE
EURO
$1.2806 
+$0.0169
U
DOW
INDUSTRIALS
13,306.64 
+14.64
U
S.&P.
500
1,437.92 
+5.80
U
STOCK MARKET INDEXES
    %  52-Wk YTD
Index  Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
DOW JONES
STANDARD AND POOR’S
NEW YORK 
STOCK EXCHANGE
NASDAQ
OTHER INDEXES
NYSE Comp. 8234.51 + 73.95 + 0.91 + 11.96 + 10.13
Tech/Media/Telecom 6121.45 + 29.24 + 0.48 + 13.55 + 11.60
Energy 12868.66 + 211.74 + 1.67 + 7.65 + 3.70
Financial 4761.50 + 57.55 + 1.22 + 15.34 + 17.20
Healthcare 7771.08 ◊ 5.55 ◊ 0.07 + 14.64 + 10.30
American Exch 2426.17 ◊ 2.35 ◊ 0.10 + 6.66 + 6.49
Wilshire 5000 15040.10 + 64.59 + 0.43 + 19.02 + 14.03
Value Line Arith 3070.11 + 24.16 + 0.79 + 17.52 + 13.89
Russell 2000 842.27 + 4.32 + 0.52 + 18.72 + 13.68
Phila Gold & Silver 179.28 + 5.51 + 3.17 ◊ 20.14 ◊ 0.75
Phila Semiconductor 401.23 ◊ 3.30 ◊ 0.82 + 13.26 + 10.09
KBW Bank 49.27 + 0.76 + 1.57 + 27.91 + 25.11
Phila Oil Service 229.13 + 4.80 + 2.14 ◊ 2.62 + 5.94
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
CONSUMER RATES
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Federal funds                    0.25       0.25%       %
Prime rate                         3.25       3.25
15-yr fixed                        2.88       3.37
15-yr fixed jumbo              3.39       4.07
30-yr fixed                        3.51       4.16
30-yr fixed jumbo              4.19       4.80
5/1 adj. rate                     2.89       2.96
5/1 adj. rate jumbo           2.84       3.18
1-year adj. rate                 4.24       2.96
Mortgages
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
$75K line good credit*      4.23       4.33%       %
$75K line excel. credit*     4.22       4.25
$75K loan good credit*     5.33       5.72
$75K loan excel. credit*    5.25       5.49
Home Equity
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
36-mo. used car               3.63       4.70%       %
60-mo. new car                3.27       4.45
A
uto Loan Rates
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Money-market                   0.51       0.55%       %
$10K min. money-mkt       0.53       0.64
6-month CD                   0.47       0.53
1-year CD                     0.72       0.83
2-year CD                     0.85       0.99
5-year IRA CD                1.43       1.78
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Home
Yesterday
Year
Ago
Yesterday’s rate      Change from last week
1-year range
Up      Flat     Down
GOVERNMENT BONDS
0
1
2
3
4%
3
6
2
5
10
30
Months                 Years
Maturity
Yest.
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
Y
ield Curve
0
1
2
3
4%
2012
2011
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
INVESTMENT GRADE
FINRA TRACE CORPORATE BOND DATA
    Credit Rating  Price
Issuer Name 
(SYMBOL)
 Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. 
Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible 
publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most 
active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. 
Investment grade or high-yield is determined using 
credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is 
unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from 
Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, 
Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P 
Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5419 3860 1371 188
Advances 3046 2148 791 107
Declines 2131 1590 466 75
Unchanged 122 47 73 2
52 Week High 498 311 161 26
52 Week Low 70 50 16 4
Dollar Volume
*
 16,601 10,764 5,138 699
 All Investment High
 Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Bank of america  (bac.Ahk) 5.700 Jan ‘22 baa2  a 116.187 105.688 116.058 1.806 3.659
Bank amer  (bac.Hap) 6.000 Sep ‘17 baa2  a 114.359 112.350 113.046 0.291 3.144
Morgan stanley for future equity see (ms.Hhp) 6.000 May ‘14 baa1  a 106.518 105.000 105.758 –0.050 2.456
Bank of america  (bac) 3.875 Mar ‘17 baa2  a 107.584 105.693 106.120 0.745 2.439
Citibank n a fdic gtd tlgp (c.Kla) 1.750 Dec ‘12 aaa  aaa 100.470 100.462 100.469 –0.021 0.157
Bank of america  (bac.Bp) 5.625 Jul ‘20 baa2  a 113.540 112.930 112.930 1.267 3.701
American airlines, . (Amr.Ve) 8.625 Apr ‘23 baa3   107.500 106.500 107.125 0.375 7.630
General elec cap  medium term (ge.Hih) 2.125 Dec ‘12 aaa   100.567 100.382 100.382 –0.024 0.730
Goldman sachs group  (gs.Jbz) 3.625 Feb ‘16 a3  a 105.885 103.000 104.980 0.712 2.100
BHP billiton fin usa ltd (bhp) 1.625 Feb ‘17 a1  a+ 102.381 101.225 101.426 –0.181 1.294
HIGH YIELD
Atp oil & gas  (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 wr   27.243 23.188 26.007 –1.008 N.A.
Harrahs oper  (mlet3677470) 10.000 Dec ‘18 n.A.  Cc 66.938 63.500 66.750 3.750 19.380
Laredo pete  (lrpi.Ad) 9.500 Feb ‘19 b3   113.750 113.500 113.750 0.750 5.246
Seagate hdd cayman (stx.Ah) 6.875 May ‘20 ba1  bb+ 105.500 104.750 104.750 –0.250 5.871
First data  (kkr3700421) 12.625 Jan ‘21 caa1  ccc 105.000 102.500 103.500 1.000 11.889
Reynolds group issuer llc (rygr) 9.875 Aug ‘19 caa1   108.000 107.000 107.500 0.000 8.000
Nii cap  (nihd.Go) 7.625 Apr ‘21 b2   82.000 78.250 81.500 0.250 11.018
Clear channel communications  (ccmo) 11.000 Aug ‘16 ca  c 68.250 66.688 68.250 2.688 N.A.
Mcjunkin red man  (gs) 9.500 Dec ‘16 b3   109.250 109.000 109.250 0.125 1.142
Offshore group invt ltd (olog.Gi) 11.500 Aug ‘15 b3   111.000 110.750 110.980 0.230 4.810
CONVERTIBLES
Alliance data sys  (ads.Ac) 1.750 Aug ‘13 n.A.   180.773 176.167 176.500 –2.938 –53.712
Medicis pharmaceutical  (mrx) 1.375 Jun ‘17 n.A.   108.062 105.600 108.000 0.100 –0.307
Intel  (intc.Ge) 3.250 Aug ‘39 a2   128.264 125.000 127.000 –2.916 1.954
Massey energy co (anr) 3.250 Aug ‘15 n.A.   91.125 87.852 90.250 1.500 7.040
EMC  (emc.Gf) 1.750 Dec ‘13 n.A.  N.A. 174.541 169.000 174.373 1.873 –39.569
Interdigital  (idcc) 2.500 Mar ‘16 n.A.   103.091 98.000 103.091 1.041 1.591
Alcoa  (aa.Hx) 5.250 Mar ‘14 baa3  bbb– 151.580 147.750 151.580 3.058 –21.761
AMR  del (aamr) 6.250 Oct ‘14 n.A.  C 64.750 63.500 64.750 1.250 N.A.
Medtronic  (mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 a1  n.A. 100.900 99.950 100.900 1.025 0.103
Intel  (intc.Gd) 2.950 Dec ‘35 n.A.  N.A. 111.875 109.000 111.350 –0.150 2.316
0
2
4
6
8
10%
2012
2011
Yields
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield 
+6.86%
invest. grade 
+3.38%
–10
–  5
0
+  5
+10
+15%
2012
2011
52-week Total Returns
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield 
+11.98%
invest. grade 
+8.29%
ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Source: Bloomberg
5-YEAR HISTORY
%+10
–20
’07              ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
July ’12        %+9.3
June ’12     +7.0
%+10
0
’07              ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
July ’12        %+4.2
June ’12     +4.3
–20
–70
’07              ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
June ’12   –42.9
May ’12    –48.0
14
4
’07              ’12
Housing Supply
In months
July ’12        6.4
June ’12       6.5
60
30
’07              ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
A
ug. ’12     49.6
July ’12      49.8
Mat. Date Rate  Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
T-BILLS
3-mo.
6-mo.
BONDS & NOTES
2-yr.
5-yr.
10-yr.
30-yr.
TREASURY INFLATION BONDS
5-yr.
10-yr.
20-yr.
30-yr.
Dec 12 ◊ ◊ 0.11 0.10 –.00 0.11
Mar 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.13 ◊ 0.14
Apr 17 [  107-09 107-12 +0-10 -1.40
Jul 22 [  108-10 108-17 +0-17 -0.69
Jan 29 2ø  141-22 142-06 +0-22 -0.04
Feb 42 }  108-20 109-12 +0-26 0.44
Aug 14 ü ◊ 99.99 100.00 +0.03 0.25
Aug 17 | ◊ 99.91 99.91 +0.16 0.64
Aug 22 1| ◊ 99.61 99.62 +0.09 1.67
Aug 42 2} ◊ 98.56 98.59 –0.50 2.82
Most Recent Issues
    %  52-Wk YTD
Index  Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS
Bank of Am (BAC) 8.80 +0.45 +5.4 2304003
Intel Corp (INTC) 24.19 ◊0.90 ◊3.6 837298
Micron Tec (MU) 6.42 ◊0.25 ◊3.8 636866
Sprint Nex (S) 5.03 +0.07 +1.4 615660
Ford Motor (F) 10.14 +0.22 +2.3 600713
Sirius XM  (SIRI) 2.53 ◊0.01 ◊0.4 542502
Citigroup  (C) 32.07 +0.95 +3.1 516795
Kraft Food (KFT) 39.99 ◊2.33 ◊5.5 461392
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 19.56 ◊0.17 ◊0.8 430528
Microsoft  (MSFT) 30.95 ◊0.40 ◊1.3 400178
Freeport-M (FCX) 39.43 +3.09 +8.5 391407
Morgan Sta (MS) 17.08 +0.83 +5.1 377168
Alpha Natu (ANR) 6.90 +0.99 +16.8 376637
Facebook I (FB) 18.98 +0.02 +0.1 360529
General El (GE) 21.59 +0.28 +1.3 356433
Advanced M (AMD) 3.45 ◊0.21 ◊5.7 308927
Peregrine  (PPHM) 4.50 +1.43 +46.6 289474
JPMorgan C (JPM) 39.30 +0.61 +1.6 275862
American I (AIG) 33.99 ◊0.23 ◊0.7 264953
Wells Farg (WFC) 35.00 +0.16 +0.5 262162
Coffee Hol (JVA) 7.60 +1.44 +23.5 13718
Ellomay Ca (ELLO) 5.02 +0.77 +18.1 50
Alpha Natu (ANR) 6.90 +0.99 +16.8 376637
Cliffs Nat (CLF) 39.91 +5.05 +14.5 159169
Green Moun (GMCR) 27.83 +3.25 +13.2 110262
Digital Ci (DCIN) 6.00 +0.70 +13.2 20
Noranda Al (NOR) 6.88 +0.79 +13.0 5099
Lululemon  (LULU) 77.14 +8.54 +12.4 170468
Smith & We (SWHC) 10.07 +1.07 +11.9 141440
Peabody En (BTU) 23.71 +2.31 +10.8 132682
Calix Inc (CALX) 5.64 +0.54 +10.6 21072
Teck Resou (TCK) 30.18 +2.72 +9.9 51460
Tumi Holdi (TUMI) 25.22 +2.27 +9.9 10115
Schnitzer  (SCHN) 31.22
 +2.63 +9.2 6781
Willbros G (WG) 5.31 +0.44 +9.0 5599
Maxwell Te (MXWL) 8.71 +0.71 +8.9 4463
United Sta (X) 20.89 +1.68 +8.7 167645
Freeport-M (FCX) 39.43 +3.09 +8.5 391407
Cooper Com (COO) 93.33 +7.30 +8.5 21519
Key Energy (KEG) 8.50 +0.65 +8.3 35105
Audience I (ADNC) 6.90 ◊11.96 ◊63.4 88972
Pandora Me (P) 10.47 ◊2.10 ◊16.7 239977
Infoblox I (BLOX) 20.75 ◊2.64 ◊11.3 7849
Accuray In (ARAY) 5.84 ◊0.70 ◊10.7 28389
Tangoe Inc (TNGO) 14.29 ◊1.68 ◊10.5 36766
Abiomed In (ABMD) 21.00 ◊2.29 ◊9.8 16981
Nobility H (NOBH) 5.36 ◊0.54 ◊9.2 3
Greene Cou (GCBC) 20.90 ◊2.10 ◊9.1 16
LeapFrog E (LF) 9.15 ◊0.89 ◊8.9 22790
American P (APFC) 11.91 ◊0.98 ◊7.6 42
Mellanox T (MLNX) 110.85 ◊9.08 ◊7.6 28151
Francesca’ (FRAN) 27.87 ◊2.07 ◊6.9 36937
Incyte Cor (INCY) 18.33 ◊1.28 ◊6.5 27549
Monster Wo (MWW) 7.40 ◊0.50 ◊6.3 165122
Arkansas B (ABFS) 8.26 ◊0.54 ◊6.1 6510
ALCO Store (ALCS) 6.92 ◊0.42 ◊5.7 69
Ultratech  (UTEK) 32.09 ◊1.90 ◊5.6 6399
Intermolec (IMI) 6.76 ◊0.40 ◊5.6 1499
Fauquier B (FBSS) 12.29 ◊0.72 ◊5.5 13
Kraft Food (KFT) 39.99 ◊2.33 ◊5.5 461392
   %  Volume
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Close Chg Chg (100)
   %  Volume
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Close Chg Chg (100)
   %  Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
20 MOST ACTIVE                                                  20 TOP GAINERS                                                  20 TOP LOSERS
FUTURES
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of 
Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding.  
Foreign Currency 
in Dollars
Foreign Currency 
in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency 
Dollars in
Foreign Currency 
  Monetary
  units per 
Lifetime 
       Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Norway (Krone) .1749 5.7188
Poland (Zloty) .3130 3.1944
Russia (Ruble) .0316 31.6600
Sweden (Krona) .1517 6.5933
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0591 .9442
Turkey (Lira) .5572 1.7948
Argentina (Peso) .2146 4.6600
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4932 2.0274
Canada (Dollar) 1.0222 .9783
Chile (Peso) .0021 475.40
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1800.8
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0256 39.0000
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1251 7.9950
Honduras (Lempira) .0510 19.6050
Mexico (Peso) .0771 12.9730
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0421 23.7585
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4395.0
Peru (New Sol) .3833 2.6092
Uruguay (New Peso) .0471 21.2500
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6528 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1642 6.0910
Iran (Rial) .0001 12259
Israel (Shekel) .2519 3.9695
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4144 .7070
Kenya (Shilling) .0119 84.2000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5614 .2808
MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA
AMERICAS
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 126.72 125.68 Oct 12 126.05 126.53 125.88 126.48 + 0.43 111,534
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 90.00 71.50 Oct 12 71.68 71.78 70.38 71.35 ◊ 0.40 84,446
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2700.00 2705.00 2665.00 2676.00 ◊ 15.00 106,008
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 159.60 163.70 158.50 163.05 + 4.85 92,777
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 26.04 14.35 Sep 12 19.00 19.60 18.96 19.38 + 0.51 261,601
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 797.50 804.75 792.25 799.50 + 1.00 700,842
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1789.00 914.00 Nov 12 1746.00 1752.00 1726.25 1736.50 ◊ 10.50 361,042
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 891.00 912.50 884.75 905.00 + 13.25 263,870
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 114.80 73.05 Sep 12 94.70 96.74 94.08 96.42 + 0.89 234,928
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.34 2.23 Sep 12 3.13 3.17 3.11 3.15 + 0.01 98,474
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 2.88 2.90 2.80 2.83 ◊ 0.08 227,373
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85 euros
2012
2011
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7808
70
80
90
100
110
$120
2012
2011
Crude Oil
$96.42 a barrel
74
76
78
80
82
84yen
2012
2011
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.30
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1501.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7501
So. Africa (Rand) .1225 8.1659
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6726
S&P 100 STOCKS
Prices
 shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m.  For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m.  
Close
 Last trade of the day in regular trading.  
·
+
 or 
·
–
 indicates stocks 
that reached a new 52-week high or low.  
Change
 Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading.  
„
 or 
‰
 indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent.  
”
 indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares.  n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 68.63 94.30 92.82 ◊ 0.46 + 15.20 + 13.6
Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.96 67.45 66.69 ◊ 0.23 + 27.51 + 18.6
Accenture  (ACN) 48.55 65.89 64.44 + 0.57 + 23.45 + 21.1
Allstate C (ALL) 22.27 38.65 38.48 + 0.02 + 48.86 + 40.4
Altria Gro (MO) 25.27 36.29 34.27 ◊ 0.32 + 26.97 + 15.6
”
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 259.42 259.14 + 7.76 + 17.84 + 49.7
American E (AEP) 35.85 43.96 43.46 ◊ 0.06 + 13.65 + 5.2
American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 57.73 + 0.32 + 15.51 + 22.4
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 52.85 85.28 83.96 ◊ 0.84 + 51.61 + 30.8
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 72.29 + 1.22 ◊ 1.54 ◊ 5.3
Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 89.90 + 3.35 ◊ 9.76 ◊ 0.8
”
Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 682.48 680.44 + 4.17 + 77.23 + 68.0
AT&T Inc (T) 27.29 38.28 37.30 ◊ 0.14 + 32.60 + 23.3
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 46.74 + 1.45 ◊ 22.60 ◊ 3.9
”
„Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 8.80 + 0.45 + 17.65 + 58.3
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.72 22.92 ◊ 0.11 + 10.62 + 15.1
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 60.54 59.18 + 0.14 + 6.52 + 19.6
Berkshire  (BRKb) 65.35 86.71 86.64 + 0.17 + 22.55 + 13.6
Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 72.89 + 0.07 + 12.31 ◊ 0.6
Bristol-My (BMY) 28.70 36.34 33.30 ◊ 0.20 + 11.33 ◊ 5.5
Capital On (COF) 36.33 58.69 57.41 + 0.25 + 30.33 + 35.8
”
Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 88.10 + 3.31 ◊ 0.67 ◊ 2.8
Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 114.00 114.00 + 0.97 + 14.82 + 7.1
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.93 21.30 19.56 ◊ 0.16 + 23.17 + 8.2
”
Citigroup  (C) 21.40 38.40 32.07 + 0.95 + 10.66 + 21.9
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
 52-Week Price Range  1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock 
(TICKER)
 Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola  (KO) 31.67 40.66 37.90 ◊ 0.25 + 7.06 + 8.3
Colgate-Pa (CL) 85.73 109.84 106.30 ◊ 1.19 + 15.78 + 15.1
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.72 35.16 34.46 ◊ 0.19 + 61.10 + 45.3
ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 56.64 + 0.85 + 10.38 + 2.0
Costco Who (COST) 78.02 100.00 99.72 ◊ 0.26 + 23.71 + 19.7
CVS Carema (CVS) 32.28 48.69 46.06 ◊ 0.44 + 24.39 + 12.9
Dell Inc (DELL) 10.48 18.36 10.64 + 0.12 ◊ 26.87 ◊ 27.3
Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 59.34 + 0.94 ◊ 10.61 ◊ 4.3
Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 30.33 + 0.80 + 12.04 + 5.5
E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 50.56 + 0.71 + 6.58 + 10.4
eBay Inc (EBAY) 27.41 49.27 49.24 + 0.33 + 65.51 + 62.3
Eli Lilly  (LLY) 35.44 46.87 46.65 ◊ 0.16 + 26.29 + 12.2
EMC Corp (EMC) 19.99 30.00 27.70 + 0.19 + 25.23 + 28.6
Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 49.80 ◊ 0.18 + 11.31 + 6.9
Exelon Cor (EXC) 35.76 45.45 36.15 ◊ 0.05 ◊ 15.48 ◊ 16.6
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 67.93 90.00 89.92 + 0.93 + 22.09 + 6.1
FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 87.38 ◊ 0.16 + 14.57 + 4.6
”Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.14 + 0.22 ◊ 3.98 ◊ 5.8
”„Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 39.43 + 3.09 ◊ 12.71 + 7.2
General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 67.20 + 0.48 + 9.54 + 1.2
General El (GE) 14.02 21.59 21.59 + 0.28 + 36.65 + 20.5
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 59.69 59.26 ◊ 0.23 + 48.89 + 44.8
”Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 116.33 + 2.79 + 7.37 + 28.6
Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 712.25 706.15 + 6.75 + 32.23 + 9.3
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 58.31 55.76 ◊ 0.52 + 5.69 + 3.2
”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 41.11 34.24 + 1.28 ◊ 19.02 ◊ 0.8
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 16.77 30.00 17.42 ◊ 0.17 ◊ 27.84 ◊ 32.4
Home Depot (HD) 31.03 57.89 57.26 ◊ 0.39 + 74.20 + 36.2
Honeywell  (HON) 41.22 62.00 59.90 + 0.88 + 27.37 + 10.2
”Intel Corp (INTC) 19.52 29.27 24.19 ◊ 0.90 + 20.47 ◊ 0.2
Internatio (IBM) 158.76 210.69 199.50 + 0.40 + 19.24 + 8.5
Johnson &  (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 67.88 + 0.04 + 3.74 + 3.5
JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 39.30 + 0.61 + 12.87 + 18.2
”‰Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 42.44 39.99
 ◊ 2.33 + 14.98 + 7.0
Lockheed M (LMT) 70.37 93.99 92.18 ◊ 0.65 + 26.38 + 13.9
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.53 32.29 28.32 ◊ 0.06 + 44.05 + 11.6
MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 436.20 + 3.60 + 28.63 + 17.0
McDonald’s (MCD) 83.65 102.22 91.02 + 0.35 + 1.94 ◊ 9.3
Medtronic  (MDT) 31.06 41.79 41.61 + 0.03 + 17.48 + 8.8
Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.17 44.05 ◊ 0.18 + 33.65 + 16.8
Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 35.28 + 0.32 + 12.36 + 13.1
Microsoft  (MSFT) 24.26 32.95 30.95 ◊ 0.40 + 19.04 + 19.2
Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 89.90 89.39 ◊ 0.05 + 31.67 + 27.6
”„Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 17.08 + 0.83 + 4.59 + 12.9
National O (NOV) 47.97 87.72 81.92 + 2.26 + 24.18 + 20.5
News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 24.70 24.47 ◊ 0.02 + 47.06 + 37.2
Nike Inc (NKE) 81.01 114.81 99.29 ◊ 0.17 + 14.77 + 3.0
Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 71.92 ◊ 0.10 + 7.57 ◊ 1.3
Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 87.15 + 2.85 + 3.09 ◊ 7.0
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 32.60 ◊ 0.03 + 17.99 + 27.1
PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 73.66 72.10 ◊ 0.05 + 17.01 + 8.7
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.48 24.24 ◊ 0.10 + 27.51 + 12.0
Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.60 88.83 ◊ 0.65 + 28.81 + 13.2
Procter &  (PG) 59.07 68.60 68.52 + 0.28 + 9.25 + 2.7
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 46.40 68.87 61.93 ◊ 0.69 + 19.81 + 13.2
Raytheon C (RTN) 38.35 58.00 57.82 ◊ 0.16 + 38.19 + 19.5
Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 80.78 73.17 + 0.71 ◊ 4.71 + 7.1
Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 163.75 159.05 + 0.20 + 33.23 + 23.4
Southern C (SO) 40.46 48.59 45.91 ◊ 0.16 + 11.11 ◊ 0.8
Starbucks  (SBUX) 35.12 62.00 51.17 + 0.33 + 30.60 + 11.2
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 64.99 64.00 ◊ 0.86 + 26.53 + 25.0
Texas Inst (TXN) 25.49 34.24 29.18 ◊ 0.38 + 12.71 + 0.2
Time Warne (TWX) 28.26 43.83 43.64 + 0.42 + 42.06 + 20.8
U.S. Banco (USB) 21.53 34.16 33.98 + 0.05 + 49.76 + 25.6
Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 126.91 122.25 + 1.01 + 36.26 + 15.4
United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 72.60 + 0.66 + 11.71 ◊ 0.8
United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 79.41 + 0.01 + 8.84 + 8.6
UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 
54.88 ◊ 0.01 + 16.25 + 8.3
Verizon Co (VZ) 34.65 46.41 43.72 ◊ 0.43 + 22.74 + 9.0
Visa Inc (V) 81.71 132.58 129.71 + 0.21 + 46.60 + 27.8
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 49.94 75.24 73.82 ◊ 0.99 + 40.82 + 23.5
”Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.61 34.94 ◊ 0.26 ◊ 3.16 + 5.7
Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 52.00 51.74 ◊ 0.12 + 58.57 + 38.0
Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 35.19 35.00 + 0.16 + 40.22 + 27.0
Williams C (WMB) 17.88 34.63 33.89 + 0.71 + 56.79 + 25.7
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS 
Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along   
with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes: 
nytimes.com/markets
D
   % Total Returns  Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
   % Total Returns  Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
LARGEST FUNDS
 +10.2 +11.6 +2.6 
 603 602 580 
American Funds Inc Fund of Amer A (AMECX) MA +9.8 +15.1 +3.0 0.58 56,152
Franklin Income A (FKINX) CA +10.9 +15.2 +4.1 0.63 39,553
Vanguard Wellington Adm (VWENX) MA +10.8 +16.4 +4.5 0.17 36,231
American Funds American Balanced A (ABALX) MA +12.5 +16.4 +3.7 0.64 33,447
Vanguard Wellesley Income Adm (VWIAX) CA +8.6 +13.6 +7.1 0.18 19,961
Vanguard Target Retirement 2025 Inv (VTTVX) TG +11.2 +13.4 +2.5 * 19,455
Oakmark Equity & Income I (OAKBX) MA +7.6 +11.0 +4.5 0.78 17,740
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +7.0 +1.5 +8.7 0.71 17,010
Vanguard Target Retirement 2015 Inv (VTXVX) TD +9.6 +11.7 +3.5 * 16,468
Vanguard Target Retirement 2020 Inv (VTWNX) TE +10.4 +12.5 +3.0 * 15,692
Fidelity Puritan (FPURX) MA +12.9 +14.8 +3.6 0.59 15,473
Fidelity Balanced (FBALX) MA +12.3 +14.5 +3.1 0.60 15,014
Vanguard STAR Inv (VGSTX) MA +10.9 +13.1 +3.5 * 14,628
Fidelity Freedom 2020 (FFFDX) TE +10.7 +10.7 +2.2 * 14,338
Vanguard Target Retirement 2035 Inv (VTTHX) TI +12.8 +14.9 +1.7 * 13,763
T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +12.5 +18.7 +5.3 0.72 12,489
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +15.5 +18.8 +1.6 0.53 12,487
Vanguard Target Retirement 2030 Inv (VTHRX) TH +12.0 +14.0 +2.0 * 12,304
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 (TRRBX) TE +12.5 +13.8 +3.0 * 11,514
Fidelity Freedom 2030 (FFFEX) TH +12.3 +12.0 +1.1 * 10,936
JHancock2 Lifestyle Balanced 1 (JILBX) MA +11.4 +12.1 +3.1 0.11 10,762
JHancock2 Lifestyle Growth 1 (JILGX) AL +12.6 +12.9 +1.7 0.11 10,053
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 (TRRCX) TH +14.0 +15.1 +2.4 * 9,572
Villere Balanced Inv (VILLX) MA +16.5 +21.5 +7.6 1.02 217
Wells Fargo Advantage Idx Asst Allo A (SFAAX) AL +13.7 +21.4 +2.6 1.15 640
Mairs & Power Balanced Inv (MAPOX) MA +13.7 +18.9 +5.2 0.79 235
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +15.5 +18.8 +1.6 0.53 12,487
T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +12.5 +18.7 +5.3 0.72 12,489
AllianceBern Balanced Shares A (CABNX) MA +12.6 +18.1 +2.7 1.10 393
American Beacon Balanced AMR (AABNX) MA +12.4 +17.8 +3.1 0.31 893
MainStay Income Builder A (MTRAX) MA +12.6 +17.8 +4.0 1.06 278
Hartford Balanced HLS IA (HADAX) MA +11.4 +17.4 +2.7 0.65 2,872
Lord Abbett Capital Structure A (LAMAX) AL +12.4 +17.3 +3.0 0.65 915
Franklin Templeton Founding Allc Adv (FFAAX) AL +13.3 +17.0 +0.5 0.08 67
Waddell & Reed Continental Inc A (UNCIX) AL +12.2 +16.7 +5.4 1.20 640
LEADERS
LAGGARDS
Old Westbury Real Return (OWRRX) MA +4.6 ◊7.2 ◊1.1 1.10 2,199
Oppenheimer Flexible Strategies C (QOPCX) MA +2.9 ◊0.5 ◊0.3 2.58 142
SunAmerica Focused Multi-Asset Strat C (FMATX) CA +2.9 ◊0.4 ◊1.7 0.84 161
Hussman Strategic Total Return (HSTRX) CA +1.6 * +6.2 0.63 2,528
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +7.0 +1.5 +8.7 0.71 17,010
Calamos Convertible C (CCVCX) CV +4.5 +2.4 +2.4 1.86 439
Leuthold Core Investment Retail (LCORX) AL +7.9 +3.9 +1.1 1.14 537
AllianceBern Cnsrv Wlth Strat B (ABPBX) CA +5.0 +4.5 +1.6 1.75 76
Franklin Templeton Cnsrv Allocation C (FTCCX) CA +5.5 +5.0 +3.1 1.25 443
Fidelity Advisor Freedom Inc T (FTAFX) RI +5.1 +5.5 +3.4 0.50 54
Wells Fargo Advantage DJ Target 2010 (WFLGX) TA +5.2 +5.6 +4.1 0.83 215
Nationwide Inv Dest Cnsrv Svc (NDCSX) CA +4.4 +5.7 +3.4 0.63 220
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
MUTUAL FUNDS SPOTLIGHT: CONVERTIBLE BOND AND DOMESTIC HYBRID FUNDS
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source: Bankrate.com
*Annualized. 
Leaders and Laggards
 are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: 
AL
-Aggressive Allocation. 
CA
-Conservative Allocation. 
CV
-Convertibles. 
MA
-Moderate Allocation. 
RI
-Retirement Income. 
TA
-Target-Date 2000-2010. 
TD
-Target-
Date 2011-2015. 
TE
-Target-Date 2016-2020. 
TG
-Target-Date 2021-2025. 
TH
-Target-Date 2026-2030. 
TI
-Target-Date 2031-2035. 
TJ
-Target-Date 2036-2040. 
TK
-Target-Date 2041-2045. 
TL
-Target-Date 2050+. 
TN
-Target-Date 2046-2050. 
NA
-Not Available. 
YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. 
Source: Morningstar
B8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
W
ITH the streets humming with inebriated
shoppers, the Fashion Week party train
took off on Thursday night with a suc-
cession of intimate dinners and private parties. 
Not everyone was ready. As on the first day of
class, the fashion tribe began the night comparing
notes from the summer: Safaris in South Africa.
Family cabins in Maine. Weddings in Italy. 
But it was time to get back to the hard work of
fashion. Among the first to show was Richard Chai,
who celebrated his sports-inspired collection with a
dinner and party at Catch, a restaurant in the meat-
packing district. Being early has its advantages. 
“Now that it’s over,” Mr. Chai said, “I can return
to my life, check my e-mails and see what’s hap-
pening this week.” 
DENNYLEE
Loved the Clothes. Now Where’s the Party?
Pharrell Williams, at left, and friends toast
the cult streetwear brand Supreme at the
Westway night club.
A 40-inch disco ball hung over the pool at the Four Seasons, where Brian Atwood celebrated his new Madison Avenue store.Above right, at
the Richard Chai party at Catch Roof, Juan Joel, a photography student at Parsons, showed off a studded Yankees cap he made.
Kate Bosworth with Lazaro Hernandez of
Proenza Schouler at a party in the label’s new
store on Madison Avenue. 
KIRSTEN LUCE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
ERIN BAIANO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
BENJAMIN NORMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
ROBERT WRIGHT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
SCENE CITY
FASHION
For more coverage,
including slide shows
on and off the runway,
blog posts and street-style
videos, visit 
nytimes.com/fashion
ONLINE:NEW YORK
FASHION WEEK 
The New York spring shows began in the
modern fashion — with a slap, a high heel and a
tacky bride.
If one was not slapped awake by the dress-to-
kill frenzy in the tents at Lincoln Center (haunt-
ed more than ever by ghosts of trade
shows past) or the preciousness of the
Creatures of the Wind show, it was go-
ing to be a long season,indeed.
It took a moment to warm up to the
guests rocking stilettos at Richard
Chai and, well, to accept that summer
was really and truly over. For a solid month it’s
going to be a churning blur of skinny model legs,
thousands of them, though not all the tall timber
of Karlie Kloss.
You may hardly believe it, but Mr. Chai was
one of the earliest print enthusiasts in New
York; he’s still doing smudgy florals and hard-
to-describe grids, but so is everyone else. Pow-
der blue and lavender were the colors this time,
with a squeeze of lemon, and often the prints
were used in combination with a solid, crinkling
fabric. 
Mr. Chai has a natural way of elevating sports-
wear styles like parkas and track pants, and this
season he gives a nice dimension to
things by cutting them on the round: the
curve of a bra top and neoprene flounced
skirt, the aplomb of a zip-front jacket in
khaki and gray nylon. Vaguely a cheong-
sam, and shown with tough biker shorts,
it was the best thing he did. Anyway, it
was something defined in an inconse-
quential blur. His creations also included sheer,
slippery-looking nylon tops. You might win some
sex points in such a top. Then again,it might be
another cheap-jack moment waiting to take you
down.
Peter Som’s collection had lots going for it.
Packed with orchid prints, cotton sateen and
poplin, and icy pastels, it had a glossy femininity.
For every bustier dress in a pink-and-blue or-
chid print or shirtdress with a puffball hem,
there was a pair of matchstick pants or a blue
lace T-shirt with slouchy hip-hop shorts in an or-
chid print (from his collaboration with Earnest
Sewn, and pretty terrific). The unifying element
was Mr. Som’s evident playfulness with color
and pattern, including snakeskin patchwork,
while maintaining fairly simple shapes.
“Fifty shades of Wu!” trilled Tim Blanks, of
Style.com, at the exit of Jason Wu’s leather-and-
lace rampage on Friday. He was referring to the
weird, ever-present harnesses meant to toughen
the froth. I hung my head in shame: my summer
reading had been incomplete.
As steamy as all this may sound, Mr.
Wu’s mostly black-and-white clothes (he
was inspired by the photographs of Hel-
mut Newton and Lillian Bassman) were
refined. Lace corset dresses looked richly
detailed without being sappy; in fact, they
looked like the sort of things a young woman
would love to wear. And the mixture of rompers
and smartly tailored tuxedos (with shorts) indi-
cated how well Mr. Wu lines up his commercial
ducks for the stores.
Like great fashion photography, couture has
been exhaustively mined and recombined with
vernacular styles like workwear. Watching the
Creatures of the Wind show, which included
green-and-white gingham and boxy shirts in
blue chambray, I thought I was sitting at a Wool-
worth’s counter in the 1960s, or stopping at a fill-
ing station, where the attendants were neatly
uniformed. That may or may not be a good thing,
but the designers,Shane Gabier and Chris Pe-
ters,seem a little hemmed in by their research.
Some fresh air would be nice.
Approaching Lisa Perry’s presentation, I saw
a bride and groom, with their attendants, all
decked in hot pink and gray satin. The groom (or
maybe it was his best man) was enjoying a ciga-
rette, as if it were a postcoital smoke. In the mid-
dle of the afternoon on Madison. The hot
pink made me think of Ms. Perry, who loves
those poppy Ellsworth Kelly colors. But she
was quite sensible in her fashion, even ador-
able, with her chartreuse and bubble-gum-
pink mini-shifts and a starry jumpsuit. For a
few minutes, I let the fraught world pass by. 
Plenty to Pull You Away From Poolside
New York Collections 
Creatures of the Wind, Jason Wu, Lisa Perry,
Peter Som, Richard Chai Love
NOWFASHION
ELIZABETH LIPPMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
MARILYNN K. YEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
EVAN SUNG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
JASON WU 
Alace blouse, leather
harness and embossed
crocodile shorts. 
RICHARD CHAI LOVE
A cotton tech zip-front
shell and neoprene
biker shorts. 
PETER SOM 
Floral plaid silk
crepe in a blouse
and long skirt.
CREATURES OF THE WIND
A layered metallic brocade
skirt and a silk corset top. 
LISA PERRY 
Pop Art colors,
trapeze shapes, a
star pattern
jumpsuit. 
CATHY
HORYN 
FASHION
REVIEW 
C1
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
As a plethora of election-year polls and surveys
indicate, Americans are fed up with a deeply dys-
functional Washington paralyzed by
partisan gridlock and increasingly
incapable of dealing with the daunt-
ing problems facing the nation: a
White House plagued by infighting,
disorganization and inconsistent
leadership; a Republican Party
bent on obstruction and increasingly beholden to
its insurgent right wing; and a Congress rived by
party rivalries, intraparty power struggles, petty
turf wars and an inability to focus on long-term so-
lutions instead of temporary Band-Aids.
Bob Woodward’s depressing and often tedious
new book,“The Price of Politics,” reads like a mi-
nutely detailed illustration of these woes. It focus-
es on “the struggle between President Obama and
the United States Congress to manage federal
spending and tax policy for the three and one-half
years between 2009 and the summer of 2012.” And
the bulk of its narrative is devoted to behind-the-
scenes negotiations that took place in the summer
of 2011, as the country teetered on the brink of a
potentially catastrophic default over the federal
debt ceiling. 
Much of this story has already been told in
lengthy articles in The New York Times Magazine
by Matt Bai and in The Washington Post by Peter
Wallsten, Lori Montgomery and Scott Wilson.
“The Price of Politics” adds some colorful new de-
Behind the Scenes, the Bloodiest Beltway Battle 
MICHIKO
KAKUTANI 
BOOKS
OF THE TIMES 
The Price of
Politics
By Bob
Woodward
Illustrated. 428
pages. Simon &
Schuster. $30.
An eclipse, when one celestial object
obscures another, is fairly rare, just as
the opening of a new experimental thea-
ter is these days. 
The two came together on
Thursday evening at the in-
auguration of the BAM Fish-
er in the Richard B. Fisher
Building, a handsome per-
formance destination on the
Brooklyn Academy of Music campus,
with flexible seating geared toward inti-
mate works. The occasion was the pre-
miere of “Eclipse,” a collaboration be-
tween Jonah Bokaer, a choreographer,
and Anthony McCall, a visual artist
known for his light installations.
For “Eclipse,” the audience is seated
on four sides of the stage, which is cov-
ered in dark carpet. While thin, the car-
pet exudes a calming plushness that
also absorbs the glare from Mr.
McCall’s installation of 36 hanging light
bulbs. The constellation extends over
the stage, its single bulbs dangling at
varying lengths. 
A former member of the Merce Cun-
ningham Dance Company, Mr. Bokaer
relies on visual design as a starting
point for his choreography; at times, it
feels as if he were playing a game of
chess that pits sleek bodies against min-
imalist structures. In “Eclipse” two so-
los by Mr. Bokaer bookend a dance for
four, in which Tal Adler-Arieli, C C
Chang,Sara Procopio and Adam H.
Weinert navigate the forest of hanging
bulbs with a sense of purpose but too lit-
tle drama. 
Wearing a reflective safety vest over
a white shirt and pants —  Mr. McCall
also designed the costumes — Mr.
Bokaer darts throughout the space, per-
forming a sequence of movements with
tiny,whipping turns and even an unex-
pected somersault. There are times
when he pauses in front of a bulb, ex-
tends an arm and causes it to light up.
While this grows gimmicky, Mr. Bokaer,
who is never more authoritative than
when he’s dancing, burns through his
tasks with a tranquil intensity. 
During this solo the other four danc-
ers quietly enter the space, which ech-
oes with David Grubbs’s sound design:
the stuttering of a 16-millimeter projec-
tor. As the dancers move gingerly, paus-
ing in semi-static poses — balancing on 
RUBY WASHINGTON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Darting and Stuttering Through Many Points of Light
Eclipse 
From left, C C Chang, Sara Pro-
copio, Adam H. Weinert and Tal Adler-
Arieli in this work by Jonah Bokaer and
Anthony McCall at BAM Fisher.
DANCE
REVIEW 
GIA
KOURLAS 
Continued on Page 7
Continued on Page 4
By MICHAEL CIEPLY
TORONTO — “It’s a lie. I never said it. What-
ever it is.”
Those were the first words out of Alan Arkin as
he walked into a room at the Shangri-La Hotel
here on Friday morning.
At 78, Mr. Arkin has been around long enough
to poke fun at a film festival circuit he mostly
avoids. But he does like Toronto — “How could I
not like Canada?” he said. “They gave me two
Canadian academy awards” — and he was in a
playful mood as he prepared for the premiere of
his new movie, “Argo,’’ on Friday evening.
He was also
more than willing
to do his bit for
the film, which is
to be released
commercially   by
Warner Brothers
on Oct. 12. Mr.
Arkin is not exact-
ly the star of the
movie, which tells
a not entirely seri-
ous but mostly
true story set
against the back-
drop of the 1979
hostage crisis in Iran — not somewhere you’d
normally look for laughs.
Directed by Ben Affleck, who also plays the
lead role, “Argo” was a surprise hit during a
sneak preview at the Telluride Film Festival in
Colorado last week. 
But Mr. Arkin was nowhere near the place. 
“It was Ben’s first time out with the picture,
and my sense was he didn’t want me around,”
said Mr. Arkin, who spoke as if he’d been writing
the dialogue for his own characters in the dozens
of movies he’s made over the years.
As Mr. Arkin and any number of stars will at-
test, it is not all fun and games on the festival cir-
Working Hard 
On a Red Carpet
CLAIRE FOLGER/WARNER BROTHERS PICTURES
From left, John Good-
man, Alan Arkin and Ben
Affleck in “Argo.” 
Continued on Page 2
BOLZANO, Italy — On the classical music beat,
I get to travel around the world to newsworthy
premieres and performances:a great privilege.
Yet when it comes time for a real summer vaca-
tion, a complete break from music is appealing
and beneficial. 
So for our recent European vaca-
tion,my partner, Ben McCommon,
and I decided to visit smaller cities
in Germany and Austria and wind
up here in Bolzano;to take in Al-
pine towns and vineyards;do some
hiking in the Dolomites;and,of special interest,
visit the Iceman, known as Ötzi. 
Yes, the Iceman. In 1991, while walking in the
Ötztal Alps on the Austrian-Italian border, two
hikers from Germany came upon what looked
like the frozen remains of someone who had suf-
fered a fatal accident. It turned out to be the
mummified body of a man who died, scientists es-
timate, about 5,200 years ago, one of the great ar-
chaeological finds in history. He was discovered
along with a cache of fur clothing, birch bark con-
tainers, tools and weapons. The Iceman now
rests comfortably, though without much privacy,
in a refrigerated chamber here at the South Tyrol
Museum of Archaeology.
But you cannot go to Europe without coming 
ANTHONY
TOMMASINI 
CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK 
Fleeing Music,
But Finding It
Everywhere
Continued on Page 5
Broadcast live on MTV on Thursday night
from the Staples Center in Los Angeles, the
MTV Video Music Awards are now in their 29th
year, making themolder than an overwhelming
majority of the latest winners.
But this is not a legacy
awards show. Valued for its
structured freespiritedness and
to some degree its stylistic di-
versity, the VMApresentation
remains the annual ceremony
with the greatest potential for shock, even if in
recent years it’s rarely delivered on it.
That’s because the stakes are lower than
they’ve ever been. Musicians act out all year
long, and seldomon MTV or any of its related
properties. Still, year in and year out, big stars
— if not quite the biggest — come to experience
a coronation like the one their heroes had, even
if it has depreciated in value.
This Thursday the VMAs handed out just six
awards in two hours. (More were announced
online.) The members of the love triangle of
Rihanna, Chris Brown and Drake all won:
Rihanna’s “We Found Love” (featuring Calvin
Harris) was video of the year; Mr. Brown’s
“Turn Up the Music” was best male video;
Drake’s “HYFR” (featuring Lil Wayne) was
best hip-hop video. Drake’s label mate Nicki
Minaj won best female video for “Starships.”
LUCY NICHOLSON/REUTERS
Rihanna, one of the Video Music Awards winners,performing at the show. 
MTV Awards: Slick if Not Shiny
JON
CARAMANICA 
CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK 
Continued on Page 7
He Lived to Tell the Tale (Repeatedly)
A television critic can empathize with the
unfortunate people in the new show “I Was
Impaled.” Review, 
PAGE 2
.
INSIDE 
C2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
cuit.
Kristen Stewart did some hard
work here on Thursday night, as
she showed up for a red carpet
screening of “On the Road.” It
was her first formal public ap-
pearance since the messy, ex-
cessively chronicled meltdown of
her relationship with her “Twi-
light” co-star Robert Pattinson.
Ms. Stewart was stuck on the
red carpet for 45 minutes or so,
as “technical problems” — so de-
scribed by Piers Handling, the
festival’s chief executive — de-
layed the jam-packed screening
for which she had arrived.
In a sheer black dress with
blood-red flowers and stiletto
heels — no scarlet letter for this
woman — Ms. Stewart gamely
worked a gallery of fans on her
left and a gaggle of professional
photographers on her right.
Strobes flashed, publicists bus-
tled, and only a handful of usu-
ally polite Canadian film fans re-
sorted to boos and some mild
heckling.
“On the Road,” an adaptation
of the Jack Kerouac novel by the
director Walter Salles, was poor-
ly received at the Cannes film
festival in May, but arrived here
with some changes and did fine
with Toronto’s voracious film
fans.
In a question-and-answer ses-
sion after the screening, Mr.
Handling asked Ms. Stewart how
she managed to identify with her
character, the young wife of the
roguish Dean Moriarty, played
by Garrett Hedlund.
“She really just loves so open-
ly, and I think that’s hard,” Ms.
Stewart said. “That’s hard to
take.”
The crowd ate it up. When Mr.
Handling threw the session open
for a couple of questions, the first
query, such as it was, signaled
that Ms. Stewart had no endur-
ing problem with her public.
“Kristen, I’m a huge fan and I
love you so much,” gushed a
young woman who had been
handed the mike.
Mr. Arkin was to be on the hot
seat both Friday and Saturday,
through the gala screening, a
glittery after-party and, possibly
the toughest part of the ritual, a
half-hour or so in a mosh pit with
the international press. 
Asked whether he had ever
had his personal life go public,
Mr. Arkin said yes, sort of.
“I remember reading in the
trades a long time ago that I was
having an affair with Liza Min-
nelli, whom I’d never met,” he
explained. Just when he was be-
ginning to enjoy the notoriety,
Mr. Arkin added, “she dumped
me, and I was depressed, but I’d
still never met her.”
(His advice for Ms. Stewart:
“If she pays any attention to it,
she will be very sorry.”)
According to the generally reli-
able credits on the Internet Mov-
ie Database,“Argo” is Mr.
Arkin’s 15th film since “Little
Miss Sunshine,” for which he won
an Oscar as best supporting actor
in 2007. On Friday Mr. Arkin said
that count seemed impossibly
high. Then again, he acknowl-
edged, he does work a lot, be-
cause of his mortgage payments.
“Argo” is based on the story of
Tony Mendez, a C.I.A. officer —
played by Mr. Affleck — who
managed to get a handful of
Americans out of Iran during the
hostage crisis by, almost unbe-
lievably, pretending to be part of
a film crew scouting locations for
a movie fantasy called, of course,
“Argo.”
Secret details of the operation
were eventually declassified and
became the basis for both a
memoir by Mr. Mendez and a
2007 account by Joshuah Bear-
man in Wired. Those, in turn,be-
came the underpinnings of a
screenplay by Chris Terrio. 
In the film version Mr. Arkin
doesn’t exactly steal the show.
But he and John Goodman, his
screen sidekick, are pretty much
what Rosencrantz and Guilden-
stern were to Hamlet:a couple of
bit players who have a knack for
finding center stage.
Mr. Goodman plays John
Chambers, a makeup artist who,
before his death in 2001, became
famous for his work on the “Star
Trek” television series and films
like “Planet of the Apes,” and not
so famous for a series of clandes-
tine escapades in which he as-
sisted Mr. Mendez from time to
time.
Mr. Arkin plays the producer
Lester Siegel, who is recruited
by Mr. Chambers to set up a fake
Los Angeles production compa-
ny, and help man the phones, just
in case wary Iranian officials
might ring to confirm Mr. Men-
dez’s story.
Mr. Arkin said Mr. Mendez
told him during a chat here on
Thursday evening that the Siegel
character was mostly a compos-
ite, though somebody real was
lurking behind it, somewhere.
“But I wouldn’t swear to any
of that in a court of law,” he add-
ed.
MIKE CASSESE/REUTERS
Kristen Stewart arriving for the presentation of the film “On the
Road” at the Toronto International Film Festival on Thursday. 
It Can Be Hard Work 
Walking the Red Carpet
From First Arts Page
Facing the public 
after a personal
trauma (real or not)
is part of the job. 
“I Was Impaled” isn’t neces-
sarily the type of television show
I would choose to watch, let
alone write about. Except for one
thing: I was impaled!
It happened when
I was 10 and living in
what was then East
Pakistan (now Ban-
gladesh),and I’ve
hardly stopped talk-
ing about it since.
New acquaintances bring up the
topic of gross childhood injuries
at their own risk. It takes virtual-
ly no provocation for me to roll
up my left sleeve and show off
the lasting results of early 1970s
third world surgery.
So the announcement of “I
Was Impaled” on Discovery Fit
& Health (why not Spike?) made
me nostalgic, like a cross-dresser
hearing about a screening of “I
Was a Male War Bride.” It also
got me thinking. My impalement
story is complicated, involving
an ornamental iron fence, a wa-
ger, a frantic Canadian expatri-
ate, a Pakistan International Air-
lines flight crew and a hacksaw.
Sometimes I can see people’s at-
tention wandering before I get to
the part about my mother and
the dish towel.
Maybe the crew at Twofour,
the British production company
that made the show, could teach
me something about streamlin-
ing the plot and punching up the
dramatic bits. After all, the hour-
long premiere episode of “I Was
Impaled” on Saturday squeezes
in four complete stories of non-
human objects taking up resi-
dence inside humans.
The first thing I noticed was
that the impalement narrative
has recurring elements. Like me,
my fellow impalees recall the ini-
tial puzzlement before the pain
sets in, the surprising lack of
blood and the importance of the
rule set forth in the episode’s ti-
tle, “Don’t Pull It Out” —an in-
struction I had to give to several
would-be helpful adults. 
Beyond that,the stories di-
verge widely. The least useful to
me is the case of the Georgia man
who was nearly killed by a
French fry that ripped an eight-
inch gash in his esophagus. This
seems like cheating, frankly — at
no point was the French fry pro-
truding from his body — but it is
a home run from a reality TV
standpoint, combining near
death and mordant comic relief. 
As a bonus, the man’s wife
ends the segment by saying that
“God truly performed a miracle”
when he saved her husband from
his happy meal. (For the record,
the source of the French fry
wasn’t named.)
Two of the other segments,
while less unusual, have an ele-
ment that I quickly realized was
crucial: grisly photographic evi-
dence. While there are no images
of the Scottish woman who im-
paled her head on a fence that
were taken while her head was
actually on the fence, there are
shots taken at the hospital,show-
ing the metal spike sticking out of
her chin. 
The real bonanza comes with
the case of the 86-year-old Ari-
zona man who fell on a pair of
gardening shears. While the doc-
tors figured out how to proceed,
multiple photos were taken of the
shears protruding from the eye
socket they had embedded them-
selves in. No horror movie make-
up person could have done better.
Unfortunately,no one took any
pictures while I was on the fence,
or at the hospital afterward, so I’ll
never be able to do my story full
justice, though I do have the iron
spike lying around somewhere.
There were other storytelling ele-
ments of “I Was Impaled” that I’ll
have to continue to do without,
like the image of a ticking clock,
generic hospital shots and ani-
mated-skeleton re-creations. One
thing I might try, however: stand-
ing still and staring at the camera
while holding a token (a fishing
spear, a bag of French fries).
I probably won’t need to watch
the show again, because it’s hard
to imagine anyone’s story being
more like mine than that of Kristy
Scott in Scotland. The spiked iron
fence, the misstep, the lack of
pain and blood leading to a faulty
appraisal of the circumstances —
it’s all there, right down to the
hacksaw and the Indian doctor.
Of course, she fell on her head
and not her arm, and she has cool
operating room photos, which is
why — along with some ethical
considerations — she was a better
candidate for “I Was Impaled.”
I’ll keep waiting for “I Was Yelled
At by an Editor on Deadline.”
MIKE
HALE 
TELEVISION
REVIEW 
The Crazy Things That Get in People’s Heads. And Throats. AndEye Sockets.
FIT & HEALTH
I Was Impaled 
X-rays of a woman with a pencil lodged behind her eye
for several years, shown on this series on Discovery Fit & Health on
Saturday nights at 10, Eastern and Pacific times; 9, Central time.
There’s nothing like
having a spike in
your body. I know.
The New York Times Magazine
illuminates the news.
N
C3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Probation and a Fine
For Shepard Fairey
The artist Shepard Fairey,below, whose
2008 poster of Barack Obama became an op-
timistic symbol of the last presidential cam-
paign before spawning a bitter copyright
battle with criminal overtones, was sen-
tenced in federal court in Manhattan on Fri-
day to two years of probation and a $25,000
fine for tampering with evidence in the case.
Government prosecutors had argued that
Mr. Fairey should serve time for his actions
and he faced up to six months in prison. In
February he pleaded guilty to a criminal
contempt charge after admitting that he had
destroyed documents and fabricated others
to try to conceal the fact that he had used a
particular Associated
Press photograph of Mr.
Obama as the source of his
well-known “Hope” cam-
paign poster. After he was
sentenced by Judge Frank
Maas, a United States
magistrate, Mr. Fairey, 42,
said in a statement:“My
wrongheaded actions,
born out of a moment of fear and embarrass-
ment, have not only been financially and
psychologically costly to myself and my
family, but also helped to obscure what I was
fighting for in the first place — the ability of
artists everywhere to be inspired and freely
create art without reprisal.”
Mr. Fairey sued The Associated Press in
2009 after it contended that he had infringed
the copyright of one of its photographs in
creating the poster. In his suit Mr. Fairey
claimed he had used a different photograph,
but later admitted that he had been mistak-
en and tried to cover up his error. When the
case began in 2009, Mr. Fairey argued that
his appropriation of Associated Press im-
agery constituted fair use under copyright
law. But the civil lawsuit was settled before
that question was decided, and the two sides
agreed to financial terms that were not dis-
closed.
RANDY KENNEDY
Tough Times for Penumbra,
St. Paul African-American Theater
The Penumbra Theater in St. Paul, which
describes itself as the country’s largest Afri-
can-American stage company, has an-
nounced that it is suspending programming
this season until it can resolve a severe
budget crunch. The theater, founded in 1976
and long a home for artists including Danny
Glover and August Wilson, has laid off six of
16 full-time employees and cut $800,000 from
its $2.7 million budget. It is now tapping
board members, donors and artists across
the country to help raise $340,000 by the end
of the year so it can close the shortfall and
produce “Spunk,” George C. Wolfe’s adapta-
tion of stories by Zora Neale Hurston, next
March, its lone offering. (The theater typical-
ly presents three to five shows.)
“If this is happening to us it is the canary
in the coal mine,” Lou Bellamy, Penumbra’s
founder and artistic director, said in an inter-
view on Friday about the challenges facing
black theater companies. “It would be such a
shame if this knowledge and talent is let go.
It’s a repository of culture and history that is
sorely lacking in the black community.”
FELICIA R.LEE
For Proust Lovers, 153 Hours
Of ‘Remembrance,’ Spoken
Lovers of Proust,above, get out your
headphones: Naxos AudioBooks,a division
of the music label, has recorded all seven
volumes of “Remembrance of Things Past”
on CD — 120 discs that will take 153 hours to
get through. The last one comes out on Oct.
29. Nicolas Soames, the publisher, said in an
interview that the new version replaces an
abridged edition — just 36 CDs — that the
company recorded from 1996 to 2000. He said
he believed that the 120-disc edition (also
available for download), which will cost £380
(about $600), to be the longest audiobook in
existence. It took 45 days of recording,
spread over about a year, Mr. Soames said,
for the reader, Neville Jason, to complete all
3,000 pages. Mr. Jason, 78, is a classically
trained actor who not only recorded the
book but also did the abridgment of the earli-
er version and translated the final volume,
which Proust’s first English translator, C.K.
Scott Moncrieff, left unfinished at his death. 
Speaking by phone with the careful enun-
ciation that once earned the diction prize at
the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Mr. Ja-
son said: “These things sort of take over in
ways you didn’t expect. This second time, it
seemed such a massive task that I put it off
for years. But once I started, it wasn’t so
daunting: it’s just a question of keeping go-
ing.” 
CHARLES McGRATH
Blanchett and Huppert
Play ‘The Maids’ in Sydney
Cate Blanchett,below,will bid farewell to
her role as co-artistic director of Sydney
Theater Company by starring with Isabelle
Huppert in a new production of “The Maids”
as part of the company’s 2013 season. The
Jean Genet play, about a
pair of house servants with
murderous designs on
their employer, will be di-
rected by Benedict An-
drews. Its new translation
is by Mr. Andrews and An-
drew Upton, Ms. Blan-
chett’s husband. At the
start of the year Ms. Blan-
chett and Mr. Upton said they would step
down as co-artistic directors of Sydney
Theater Company, after presenting several
internationally acclaimed productions,in-
cluding “A Streetcar Named Desire” (which
starred Ms. Blanchett as Blanche DuBois)
and “Uncle Vanya” (which featured her as
Yelena). But last month the theater compa-
ny said it had appointed Mr. Upton to stay on
alone in a new term that begins next year. 
DAVE ITZKOFF
Pitchfork Issues Apology
Over Rapper Interview
Pitchfork, the usually irreverent music
blog, has apologized for publishing a video-
taped interview with the Chicago rapper
Chief Keef that was filmed at a shooting
range and features images of the young hip-
hop star firing a gun. “This concept was
rushed and never should have happened,”
Pitchfork’s editor, Mark Richardson, said in
an online statement. He called the episode,
“insensitive and irresponsible.” 
The decision to delete the video, which
was recorded several months ago in New
York City, from Pitchfork’s archive comes af-
ter some less-than-sensitive comments ap-
peared on Chief Keef’s Twitter account
about the death of another young Chicago
rapper named Lil JoJo. According to The
Chicago Sun-Times, Lil JoJo, 18, whose real
name is Joseph Coleman, was gunned down
on Tuesday night in the Englewood neigh-
borhood of Chicago. He had been engaged in
a war of words with rival rappers, among
them Chief Keef, who is 17, and had been
feuding with a local street gang.Hours after
the killing a message appeared on Chief
Keef’s Twitter account that appeared to
make light of Mr. Coleman’s death. 
JAMES C.McKINLEY Jr.
Arts, Briefly
THE NEW YORK TIMES 
Many, perhaps most, of the
students seen in “Broadway or
Bust,” a PBS documentary about
the National High School Musi-
cal Theater Awards, will not end
up with careers in
theater. But all of
them seem to have
already mastered
vacuous showbiz-
speak. 
The program, a
three-parter that begins on Sun-
day night, can’t seem to get
enough of the same tidy clichés.
One student after another pops
in front of the camera to gush
about how fabulously wonderful
all the other competitors are and
what a life-changing honor it is to
be able to perform on a Broad-
way stage and how wowie-zowie
amazing New York is.
Sure, the first of those senti-
ments is commendable, but hear-
ing it regurgitated by seemingly
all 60 of the students in the com-
petition deadens this documenta-
ry. It wastes a lot of time that
would have been better spent
providing back stories for these
eager young people or letting us
see them actually perform. As it
is, we get past the surface for
only a handful, which leaves us
watching three hours of televi-
sion about strangers.
This is really just a symptom
of the fundamental problem with
the program, which is that its
main purpose,like that of the
awards competition itself, is to
promulgate the mythology of
Broadway. The competition
brings together students from all
over the country who have won
regional events for a one-night
song-and-dance show at the Min-
skoff, at which one male and one
female student walk away with
Jimmy Awards (named for the
producer and theater owner
James M. Nederlander) for best
performance. 
Why must there be a “best”?
Because apparently it’s impor-
tant that would-be performers be
indoctrinated early into the ab-
surdly self-congratulatory side of
show business, where stars log
as much time at awards ceremo-
nies as they do acting onstage or
on screen. 
The documentary buys into
this horse-race aspect of the Jim-
mys, to its detriment. Doing so
forces it to single out a few con-
testants, in traditional competi-
tion-doc style, to try to create
who-will-win drama. So we see
the same few students singing
“Magic Foot” or “And I Am Tell-
ing You I’m Not Going” repeated-
ly, while numerous other contest-
ants are not heard from at all ex-
cept in bland group numbers. 
That’s too bad, because when
this documentary occasionally
veers from its “American Idol”-
like path and shows us interac-
tions between students and the
theater professionals who are
working with them, it can be
quite rewarding. 
In Part 1 there’s a wonderful
moment when Michael Feinstein
stops by a rehearsal, accompa-
nies a young man as he practices
“They Can’t Take That Away
From Me,” then gives him a cri-
tique with an insightful explana-
tion of how the Gershwins struc-
tured the song and why a specific
note (which the student missed)
was used in a particular spot to
take the tune upward.
“It’s a song about contrast,” he
tells the singer. “You’re short-
changing yourself if you don’t go
a step higher.” That kind of input,
not the trumped-up competition,
is the real value of the Jimmys
(whose corporate supporters in-
clude The New York Times).
More such glimpses would
have made for a better documen-
tary. Instead we hear too many
young people repeating plati-
tudes that they seem to have
heard on the Tony Awards, try-
ing to sound like grown-ups
when they lack the perspective
and experience of adulthood. 
“Winning this competition
would be the greatest thing that
could ever happen to me,” one
girl blubbers. Well, no; not even
close.
HENRY MCGEE
Broadway or Bust
This documentary, on PBS stations Sunday nights
(check local listings),follows students in performance competitions.
Go Give Your Regards, 
Then Come Back a Star
TELEVISION
REVIEW 
NEIL
GENZLINGER 
A documentary
follows a showbiz
contest for high
school students.
C4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
tails to earlier accounts and ex-
amines the aftermath of the fail-
ure of the president and Speaker
John A. Boehner to reach a
“grand bargain” in July 2011 in-
volving cutting the deficit, rewrit-
ing the tax code and rolling back
the cost of entitlements.It also
describes tensions between the
White House and Capitol Hill, be-
tween the Obama administration
and Congressional Democrats
and between Mr. Boehner and
Representative Eric Cantor of
Virginia, the House majority
leader. 
Beyond the most hard-core fis-
cal policy wonks, however, it’s
difficult to imagine anyone out-
side the Beltway being interested
in this volume’s granular telling
and retelling of these matters, its
almost blow-by-blow chronicle of
the maneuvering, haggling,
grandstanding and ideological
positioning that have taken root
on both sides of the aisle. 
Most of “The Price of Politics”
sticks like Velcro to its narrow fo-
cus on the debt-ceiling negotia-
tions, declining really to grapple
with broader questions about the
Obama administration’s handling
of the economic crisis it inherited
after the 2008 crash: the per-
ceived successes and failures of
its stimulus program; the infight-
ing among members of its eco-
nomic team; its much debated
stewardship of the banking crisis
and Wall Street reform; and its
continuing struggles with unem-
ployment and an underwater
housing market. For these issues,
the reader is better off turning to
books like “The Escape Artists”
by Noam Scheiber, “Confidence
Men” by Ron Suskind, or Michael
Hirsh’s “Capital Offense.” 
Like Mr. Woodward’s earlier
books, “The Price of Politics” is
based on lots of insider inter-
views, conducted mostly on back-
ground — meaning, Mr. Wood-
ward writes, “the information
could be used in the book but
none of the sources would be
identified by name” — along with
supporting documents, meeting
notes, e-mails and diaries. As a
result, the narrative tends to re-
flect the spin of people who
talked the most — or the most
persuasively — with Mr. Wood-
ward: in this case, it would seem,
Republican and Democratic Con-
gressional officials, and some ad-
ministration insiders. 
Large swaths of this book con-
cern the depressing blame game
the administration and Congres-
sional Republicans waged
against each other after talks be-
tween President Obama and Mr.
Boehner about the grand bargain
abruptly collapsed. What caused
that collapse? Depends which
side you believe.
Republicans have argued that
the White House, nervous about
how Congressional Democrats
and the party’s base would react,
“moved the goal posts” at the last
minute, requesting an additional
$400 billion on the revenue side. 
Democrats have suggested
that Mr. Boehner walked away
because he could not rally Repub-
lican support for the deal. Within
the White House, Mr. Woodward
writes, many of those involved in
the negotiations argued that Mr.
Boehner “did not come close to
steering his own ship”: “Instead
of being a visionary trying to
make a grand bargain, Boehner
had, almost all alone, crawled out
on a limb and watched as Eric
Cantor and the Tea Party sawed
it off.” 
Mr. Woodward provides a dra-
matic account of the angry phone
call in which Mr. Boehner told
Mr. Obama that the deal was off.
Mr. Woodward writes that Rob
Nabors, a White House official,
remembers the usually cool pres-
ident gripping the phone so tight-
ly that it looked as if it might
break, displaying what Mr.
Woodward calls “a flash of pure
fury.” 
Mr. Boehner tells Mr. Wood-
ward, “He was spewing coals.” .
This is what Mr. Boehner said he
told the president: “I’d put reve-
nue on there if we had real
changes in entitlement pro-
grams. Every time we get there,
you and I agree; all of a sudden
you guys keep backing up, back-
ing up, backing up. And now you
call me and you want more reve-
nue. It ain’t going to happen. I’m
done with it.”
Many aspects of this book’s
portrait of Mr. Obama echo re-
ports from other journalists and
Washington insiders: a president
who has not spent a lot of time
cultivating relationships with
members of Congress, Republi-
can or Democrat, and who has
similarly distant (if not down-
right tense) relationships with
business executives; an idealistic
but sometimes naïve and over-
confident chief executive with lit-
tle managerial experience and lit-
tle understanding of the horse-
trading and deal-making that
make Washington run (skills
that, say, Lyndon B. Johnson pos-
sessed in spades). 
The White House was in such
disarray in the wake of the Re-
publicans’ big win in the 2010
midterm elections, Mr. Wood-
ward reports, that when the pres-
ident went to make a congratula-
tory call to Mr. Boehner, the in-
coming House speaker, the Oba-
ma staff had to scramble to find a
phone number for him, eventually
turning to a fishing buddy of
somebody who worked for Mr.
Boehner. 
Another scene in this book,
from early 2009, describes Repre-
sentative Nancy Pelosi of Califor-
nia, then the House speaker,
working with Harry Reid, the
Senate majority leader, on last-
minute details of the stimulus
package when the president calls.
As Mr. Obama — who’s been put
on speakerphone — begins to de-
liver a high-minded message
about how important the bill is,
Mr. Woodward reports, Ms. Pelosi
“reached over and pressed the
mute button on her phone,” so
they could hear him but he could-
n’t hear them as they continued
number-crunching the bill.
As for Mr. Boehner, he praises
the Treasury secretary, Timothy
F. Geithner, but criticizes the rest
of the Obama team. In hindsight,
the speaker tells Mr. Woodward:
“They never had their act togeth-
er. The president, I think, was ill
served by his team. Nobody in
charge, no process. I just don’t
know how the place works.”
It’s an accusation that echoes
comments, cited in Mr. Suskind’s
“Confidence Men,” that Lawrence
H. Summers, the former chief
White House economic adviser,
reportedly made to the White
House budget director, Peter
Orszag: “We’re home alone.
There’s no adult in charge.” (Mr.
Summers has disputed comments
attributed to him in that book,
saying they were distorted or tak-
en out of context.) 
In the past, Mr. Woodward has
been known for writing straight-
ahead narratives, with little anal-
ysis, context or assessment. This
changed with the last two of his
four books on George W. Bush’s
administration, “The War Within”
and “State of Denial,” in which he
came to the conclusion that Presi-
dent Bush had “displayed impa-
tience, bravado and unsettling
personal certainty about his deci-
sions” instead of real leadership. 
“The Price of Politics” ends
with similar editorializing. Mr.
Woodward writes that “the debt-
limit crisis was a time of peril for
the United States, its economy
and its place in the global finan-
cial order” and that “neither
President Obama nor Speaker
Boehner handled it particularly
well,” unable to transcend “their
fixed partisan convictions and
dogmas.” 
His harshest words are re-
served for Mr. Obama: “It is a
fact that President Obama was
handed a miserable, faltering
economy and faced a recalcitrant
Republican opposition. 
“But presidents work their will
— or should work their will — on
the important matters of national
business. There is occasional dis-
cussion in this book about Presi-
dents Reagan and Clinton, what
they did or would have done.
Open as both are to serious criti-
cism, they nonetheless largely
worked their will.
“Obama has not. The mission of
stabilizing and improving the
economy is incomplete.” 
Behind the Scenes, the Debt Crisis and the Bloodiest Battle of the Beltway
From First Arts Page
PHOTOGRAPHS BY STEPHEN CROWLEY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Speaker John A. Boehner, left, and the House majority leader, Eric Cantor, right, both key Republicans in “The Price of Politics.” 
CHIP SOMODEVILLA/GETTY IMAGES
The other team in 2011: from left, William M. Daley, the White
House chief of staff; Jay Carney, press secretary; David Plouffe,
senior adviser; and Daniel Pfeiffer, communications director.
JIM WATSON/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY
IMAGES
Bob Woodward
bridgebase.com, starting on
Monday at 11 a.m. Eastern time.
The diagramed deal from 2010
highlights the main effect of the
point-a-board scoring used on
each deal: overtricks are vital.
The scores at two tables are com-
pared. If one side has a net plus,
whether it is 10 points or 2,000,
that team receives two points. If
there is a tie, each side gets one
point.
Both Souths were in four
hearts. Jeff Meckstroth for the
United States received a trump
lead. When East helped by play-
ing her queen, declarer won with
his ace and immediately led a
club to dummy’s queen, while he
still had the heart jack as a dum-
my entry. When the finesse won,
South discarded a spade on the
club ace and had 11 tricks: seven
hearts, two diamonds and two
clubs.
Fantoni received a spade lead
from Hamman (West). Zia Mah-
mood (East) won with his ace
and returned the spade three,
lowest of three remaining cards.
West, after winning with his king,
would have done best to shift to a
club, forcing declarer to decide
immediately what to do. But per-
haps hoping his partner had
started with only two spades,
West led the spade jack.
South ruffed and cashed the
heart ace. When the queen did
not drop, declarer had 10 top
tricks. He wanted to win an over-
trick, but taking the club finesse
was now risky. If it lost, South
would fail in his laydown contract
because he would never be able
to cash the club ace.
Delaying the decision, South
ran all of his trumps, bringing ev-
eryone down to four cards.
West threw his last spade, two
diamonds and one club. East dis-
carded one spade, one diamond
and two clubs.
Next declarer cashed his top
diamonds. When West followed
once, then pitched a club, the deal
had counted out.
West was known to have begun
with 4=2=3=4 distribution,and
East with 4=2=4=3. This made
the odds 4-to-3 that West had
started with the club king. Even
more telling, if West had had four
low clubs, would he have thrown
two diamonds from Q-10-5 and
only one club? Surely not.
So Fantoni played a club to
dummy’s queen to win an over-
trick and tie the board. Note that
Fantoni would have risked going
down if the defenders had dis-
carded brilliantly, with East hav-
ing come down to a singleton club
king.
The Buffett Cup, held every
two years,is a tournament fash-
ioned after the Ryder Cup in golf
and usually held in the same area
soon after the Ryder. This year,
though, the fourth Buffett Cup
will be played from Monday to
Thursday in Omaha,the home-
town of Warren Buffett, the tour-
nament’s namesake. The Ryder
Cup will be held at Medinah
Country Club, Medinah, Ill., over
the last six days of September.
Each team has one women’s
pair and five men’s.This year’s
lineup:
Europe: Sally Brock and Nico-
la Smith (England);Michel and
Thomas Bessis (father and son,
France);Fulvio Fantoni and
Claudio Nunes (Monaco);Paul
Hackett (England) and Tom Han-
lon (Ireland);Kalin Karaivanov
and Rumen Trendafilov (Bulgar-
ia);and Ricco van Prooijen and
Louk Verhees (Netherlands).
United States: Jill Levin and
Jenny Wolpert;David Berkowitz
and Alan Sontag;Curtis Cheek
and Joe Grue;Fred Gitelman and
Brad Moss;Bob Hamman and
Justin Lall;and John Hurd and
Joel Wooldridge.
The United States has won two
of the previous three Buffett tour-
naments.The Buffett format ech-
oes that of the Ryder Cup, with
individual, pair and team events.
Play can be watched at
Phillip Alder 
Bridge 
NORTH(D)
S 8 7 2
h J 6
d 9 7 3
C A Q J 7 5
WEST
S K J 6 4
h 9 7
d Q 10 5
C K 9 4 2
EAST
S A 10 5 3
h Q 5
d J 8 6 2
C 10 8 3
SOUTH
S Q 9
h A K 10 8 4 3 2
d A K 4
C 6
Both sides were vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
— Pass Pass 1 h
Pass 1 N.T. Pass 4 h
Pass Pass Pass
West led the spade four.
Previews Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
CHAPLIN
THE MUSICAL
The Big Musical About the Little Tramp
Wed 2&7:30;Th 7;Fri 8;Sat 2&8;Sun 3
Telecharge.com/212-239-6200
www.ChaplinBroadway.com
Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street
BEST MUSICAL
2006 Tony Award Winner
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
"IT WILL RUNFORCENTURIES!"—Time
JERSEY BOYS
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Group Discounts (15+):877-536-3437
JerseyBoysBroadway.com
August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYand CAMERONMACKINTOSH
present
MARY POPPINS
Tickets &info:MaryPoppins.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue-Thu 7;Fri 8;Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30
NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St.
Today at 2 &8
2012 TONYAWARDWINNER!
Best Original Score   Best Choreography
DISNEYpresents
NEWSIES
Tickets &info:NewsiesTheMusical.com
or call (866) 870-2717
Groups (15+) 800-439-9000
Mo - We 7:30;We 2;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3
Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
THE HILARIOUS
TONY-WINNINGNEWMUSICAL!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
MATTHEWBRODERICK KELLI O'HARA
NICE WORK
IF YOU CAN GET IT
Music &Lyrics by
GEORGE GERSHWIN&IRAGERSHWIN
Book by JOE DIPIETRO
Directed and Choreographed by
KATHLEENMARSHALL
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tu&Th 7;We,Fr&Sa 8;We&Sa 2;Su 3
NiceWorkOnBroadway.com
Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street
Today at 2 &8
WINNER!BEST MUSICAL
2012 TONYAWARD
ONCE
ANewMusical
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tues 7,Wed-Sat 8,Wed &Sat 2,Sun 3
OnceMusical.com
The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
WINNER!5 TONYAWARDS
"An absurdly funny fantastical journey."
—Entertainment Weekly
PETER AND THE
STARCATCHER
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Tue -Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8;Sun 3
PeterandtheStarcatcher.com
Groups (12+) 877-321-0020
Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
TODAYAT 2 &8
"IMPOSSIBLE TORESIST."
-NewYork Times Critic's Pick
ROCK OF AGES
Broadway's Best Party
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30
www.RockOfAgesMusical.com
Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
SPIDER-MAN
TURN OFF THE DARK
877-250-2929 or Ticketmaster.com
Tu- Th 7:30;Fr &Sa 8;We 1:30;Sa 2;Su 3
SpiderManOnBroadway.com
Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYpresents
THE LION KING
The Landmark Musical Event
Tickets &info:LionKing.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tu-We 7;Th-Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &6:30
Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street
Today at 2 &8
Visit Telecharge.comor call
212-239-6200/800-432-7250
THE PHANTOM OF
THE OPERA
Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
Grps:800-BROADWAYor 212-239-6262
Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
ANational Theatre of
Great Britain Production
WAR HORSE
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
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Groups 12+:212-889-4300
WarHorseOnBroadway.com
Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
"Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster"
—The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
WICKED
Tu &We 7;Th-Sa 8;We &Sa 2;Su 3
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Groups:646-289-6885/877-321-0020
WickedtheMusical.com
Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
"SCREAMINGLYFUNNY!"- AP
EXTENDEDTHRUOCT 21
BULLET FOR ADOLF
By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman
Directed by Woody Harrelson
M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street
BulletForAdolf.com
TODAYAT 2,5&8
"THE SHOWROCKS!"-NY Times
Experience the Phenomenon
"ASENSATION!"- TIME Magazine
BLUE MAN GROUP
1-800-BLUEMAN - BLUEMAN.COM
Mon,Wed-Fri 8,Sat 2,5&8,Sun 2&5
Groups of 15+:(212) 260-8993
Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
THE MUSICAL HIT OF THE SEASON
EXTENDEDAGAIN!NOWTHRUSEPT 30
NewYork Times'CRITICSPICK!
"ATruly Magical Experience!"- AP
MALTBYANDSHIRE'S
CLOSER THAN EVER
Tues 7;Wed-Fri 8;Sat 2:30 &8;Sun 2:30
TIX:212 935 5820 or YorkTheatre.org
York Theatre@St.Peter's,54th E.of Lex
Today 2:30&8,Tom'w3&7-Thru 10/6 only!
"EXHILARATING!"-The NewYorker
""
(COCKFIGHTPLAY.com)
by MIKE BARTLETT
Directed by JAMESMACDONALD
The Duke on 42nd Street - 229 W.42 St.
For Tix:Dukeon42.org or 646-223-3010
Tues-Sat 8,Sun 7;Sat 2:30,Sun 3
Today at 2 &8
BRANDNEWEDITION!
FORBIDDEN BROADWAY:
ALIVE AND KICKING!
Tu 8,W2 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 7:30
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
ForbiddenBroadway.com
NYT Critics'Pick!"Not to be missed!"
Primary Stages presents
HARRISON,TX:THREE
PLAYS BY HORTON FOOTE
Directed by PamMacKinnon
Tue-Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 7
212-279-4200/primarystages.org
59E59 Theaters,59 E.59th St.
"SURREAL ANDHAUNTING"-Newsday
EXTENDED!
Today at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM!
Signature Theatre presents
HEARTLESS
by SamShepard
directed by Daniel Aukin
Tues-Fri at 7:30,Wed at 2,
Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2
212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
"ANON-STOPLAUGHFEST!"
—The Huffington Post
Today at 2 &8
OLD JEWS TELLING JOKES
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8
Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.com/212-239-6200
www.ojtjonstage.com
The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St.
Today at 3 &8
"BRILLIANT,EXUBERANT AND
INFECTIOUS."—Holden,NYTimes
STOMP
Tue-Fri at 8;Sat at 3 &8;Sun at 2 &5:30
Ticketmaster:(800) 982-2787
Groups 10+:toll free (855) 203-9980
www.stomponline.com
OrpheumTheatre,Second Ave at 8th St.
Today at 2&8PM!
Signature Theatre presents
THE TRAIN DRIVER
written and directed by
Athol Fugard
Tue-Fri at 7:30;Wed at 2;Sat at 2&8
212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
"EXTRAORDINARY!"- The NewYorker
Today at 2:30 &7:30
TRIBES
ANewPlay by NINARAINE
Directed by DAVIDCROMER
Tu-Fr 7:30;Sa 2:30 &7:30;Su 2:30 &7:30
SmartTix.comor 212-868-4444
www.TribesThePlay.com
BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
BROADWAY
OFF−BROADWAY
N
C5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Branded
Opened on Friday nationwide. 
Directed by Jamie Bradshaw and
Alexander Doulerain
1 hour 46 minutes
Madison Avenue is going to hate
“Branded,” an ambitious Russian movie
released on Friday without screenings
for critics and with barely an ad cam-
paign. Perhaps the lack of hype should
come as no surprise: this fantastical fa-
ble takes aim at marketing itself with an
intriguing if tendentious narrative. 
Ed Stoppard plays Misha, a Moscow
filmmaker and advertising wizard seek-
ing a partnership in the agency of his
manipulative mentor, Bob Gibbons
(Jeffrey Tambor), without success. A re-
freshingly spirited Leelee Sobieski por-
trays Bob’s daughter, Abby, who has
ambitions to be Misha’s partner in an
agency and in bed. (“Dating gets in the
way of business,” Misha tells Abby. “I
don’t think anything gets in the way of
business,” she replies.) 
While they canoodle, a marketing mo-
gul (Max von Sydow) in Polynesia plots
a scheme to help a fast-food chain, the
Burger (“the taste of freedom”), con-
quer Russia. His strategy: use “Ex-
treme Cosmetics,” a reality TV series
about weight surgery, to redefine over-
weight people as models of pulchritude. 
But divinity — in the form of a cow
constellation — intervenes, and Misha
acquires the ability to see brands as or-
ganic forms,attached like billowing,
computer-generated cancers to their hu-
man hosts. (The Burger entity’s colors
resemble Ronald McDonald’s.) Misha
must end the madness, but not before a
corporate conflagration of cheesy digital
effects rages over the Moscow skyline,
with entities representing fictitious yet
familiar-sounding brands like Dimsong,
Monolit and Yepple Electronics. 
Does Misha silence the beasts? Let’s
just say Moscow looks better without
billboards.
ANDY WEBSTER
“Branded” is rated R (Under 17 requires
accompanying parent or adult guardian)
for strong language and oversaturation
levels of logos and product pitching.
Raaz 3
Opened on Friday nationwide. 
Directed by VikramBhatt
In Hindi,with English subtitles
2 hours 19 minutes
Beware an actress bearing a grudge
— especially one with access to black
magic. In “Raaz 3,” a 3-D Bollywood hor-
ror film and romance, evil water is the
vehicle for casting spells. Put a few
drops in your enemy’s drink,and she
will be attacked by, variously, a vicious
clown in a bright orange wig; a hand
reaching out from the television; and a
swarm of flying,roachlike creatures
that funnel up from the bathroom pipes.
In one of the movie’s best uses of 3-D,
those flying pests seem to be coming
straight off the screen at viewers’ heads.
Directed by Vikram Bhatt, “Raaz 3”
stars Bipasha Basu as Shanaya, a Bolly-
wood star sent into a psychotic spiral
when the industry’s best actress award
goes to a rival (Esha Gupta). Taking a
trip to a slum in her Mercedes and Jack-
ie O. sunglasses, Shanaya finds a spirit
who gives her a vial of do-bad-things
water. She enlists her director boyfriend
(Emraan Hashmi) to poison the rival,
and guess what? He falls in love with
her.
Part gothic “All About Eve,” part Indi-
an-inflected Orpheus and Eurydice
(there are rescue trips to the spirit
world), part 3-D “Poltergeist,” part lots
of other things, “Raaz 3” seems most
conspicuously a Bollywood product: a
hybrid that takes what it needs from
myths and movies to tell a romantic
story with a neat moral. And, yes, there
are songs and dances.
The filmworld setting could be better
exploited and Shanaya’s jealousy made
less mechanical, but “Raaz 3” delivers
other goods:some horror thrills, some
true-love-versus-evil thrills and some
unusually steamy bits. Both the good
girl and bad have sex scenes and, more
startlingly, long, passionate kisses with
Mr. Hashmi. (And Ms. Basu’s va-voom
physique is on frequent display.) 
As for the 3-D, it fits nicely with and
enhances Bollywood’s prevailing aes-
thetic of artificiality. Mr. Bhatt illus-
trates that here in a satisfying movie-
within-a-movie moment. In the middle
of a dance number he stops and pulls
back. We see the cameraman shooting
the scene on his crane, which,as it
moves,seems to float and hover right
over us in our theater seats. Cut! 
RACHEL SALTZ
“Raaz 3” is rated R (Under 17 requires
accompanying parent or adult
guardian). It has open-mouth kisses, lots
of flesh and a poor servant girl full of
glass shards.
Film in Review
FIP
Bipasha Basu, center, in a Bollywood horror tale directed by Vikram Bhatt. 
ROADSIDE ATTRACTIONS
Divine intervention influences Ed Stoppard’s character in “Branded.”
into contact with its rich musical herit-
age. So my vacation wound up having
unanticipated musical components, es-
pecially during five days in Bolzano. In
working out plans, I had completely for-
gotten that our stay here would co-
incide with the Busoni International Pi-
ano Festival, and the preliminary
rounds of its prestigious competition,
which will hold its finals here next year. 
So one evening I heard six young
contestants play for about 20 minutes
each. The next night, as part of the fes-
tival, I heard a recital by the master
Russian pianist Grigory Sokolov, an un-
compromising artist with strong inter-
pretive ideas. For whatever reasons,
Mr. Sokolov, who is all business in per-
formance, has not played often in
America. That these performances
came at the end of our vacation was a
good thing. By that time,I missed hear-
ing music terribly. 
But first let me report on visiting two
of the three castles that King Ludwig II
of Bavaria had built for his own pleas-
ure. Ludwig (1845-86), a passionate
devotee and patron of Wagner, suc-
ceeded to the throne a few months be-
fore his 19th birthday. When the king of
Prussia became the emperor of a uni-
fied Germany in 1871, Ludwig grew in-
creasingly detached from Bavarian
politics and retreated into an insular
world of his own design. 
Of the three castles he had built
(none of which he needed), his favorite
was the Linderhof. This resplendent
palace and park south of Munich are
like a Bavarian Versailles on a much
smaller scale. And scattered on the spa-
cious grounds are re-creations of
scenes and settings from the Wagner
operas. 
There is a Venus Grotto right out of
“Tannhäuser,” with artificial rocks, a
murky pool and a painted backdrop de-
picting Tannhäuser, a medieval knight
and minstrel, being attended to by Ve-
nus and her retinue. Periodic light
shows bathe the space in blues and
greens, and a waterfall is turned on and
off to delight tourists. From the outside
this erotic grotto looks like a construc-
tion site covered with tarps, perhaps an
intentional effect to make the place
seem like a hideaway. Inside, it is just
damp, dark and silly.
There is also Hunding’s Hut, the for-
est dwelling Wagner lovers encounter
in Act I of “Die Walküre,” where the
brutish Hunding lives with Sieglinde,
his oppressed and miserable wife. The
hut at the Linderhof has the requisite
ash tree growing through the roof and
antlers hanging on the walls. King Lud-
wig liked to sit in the hut on bearskin
rugs and read books. The original hut,
deep in the forests of Ammerwald,
burned down twice and was exactingly
rebuilt on the castle grounds in 1990.
The castle’s pond still maintains swans.
In his day Ludwig, like Lohengrin, who
first appears in the Wagner opera in a
boat drawn by swans, enjoyed having
himself rowed about the waters in a
golden shell boat. 
The nearby Neuschwanstein, famous
from tourist posters promoting Ba-
varia, is the multitowered Romanesque
Revival castle in the mountains that
was a model for the fairy tale castle at
Disneyland. But I had no idea just how
much Neuschwanstein, a building many
architecture critics consider kitsch, was
Ludwig’s meticulous homage to his idol.
Mural after mural presents scenes from
Nordic mythology and medieval Ger-
man romances that Wagner drew on in
his operas. The dining room table has a
bronze sculpture of Siegfried slaying
the dragon. 
We spent several days in the German
town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the
same area as the castles, where Richard
Strauss had a country home, which he
moved to full time in his later years, in-
cluding the period of World War II. We
visited the Richard Strauss Institute, a
small, well-run library and archive.
Strauss’s actual home, filled with his
books and scores and surrounded by
lovely grounds offering beautiful moun-
tain views, is kept just as it was by his
descendants, led by a grandson who
lives a few houses away. But the house
is closed to the public. We took photos
from the gates. 
Bolzano (or Bozen, its German
name), an enchanting place in the foot-
hills of the Tyrolean Alps, was part of
Austria until it became part of Italy af-
ter World War I. The city and the region
blend German and Italian culture and
customs. Everyone seems to speak both
languages. 
And,as I discovered after arriving,
the Busoni competition was going on.
Bolzano is an ideal place for this con-
test, since Ferruccio Busoni, the influ-
ential pianist and composer, who died in
1924, dedicated his life to bridging Ger-
man and Italian artistic traditions. 
I attended an evening session at the
Monteverdi Conservatory. This is a
very traditional competition: contest-
ants are required to prove themselves
technically in the preliminaries by play-
ing two études, including one by Liszt or
Chopin. Three of the six young pianists
that night chose Chopin’s “Winter
Wind” Étude. That Mehdi Ghazi, a sen-
sitive Algerian pianist, played a Ligeti
étude,and that Maddalena Giacopuzzi,
a nimble-fingered, lively Italian pianist,
included an early Haydn piano sonata
made these artists stand out for me. 
From more than 300 applicants, 131
were chosen to play in the preliminary
rounds. The seven judges, it was just
announced, have selected 24 pianists
among them for the final rounds next
year (including Mr. Ghazi and Ms. Gia-
copuzzi),a job I would not have wanted.
How do you rank such technically
skilled and diversely gifted pianists,
who are still forming artistically?
Mr. Sokolov, burly and stern-faced at
62, was a Russian prodigy who won the
1966 International Tchaikovsky Piano
Competition when he was 16. For this
recital the Joseph Haydn Auditorium
was packed,and the ovations were tre-
mendous. 
Showing refined musical taste, Mr.
Sokolov began with a 30-minute suite
by Rameau. He played this Baroque
music with rich sound, taking full ad-
vantage of the modern piano. Yet many
beguiling phrases were dispatched with
elegant delicacy and crisp embellish-
ments. He followed with Mozart’s Sona-
ta in A minor (K. 310), which in this
stormy performance came across as
the monumental, pathbreaking work it
is. 
After intermission he gave a spectac-
ular account of Brahms’s demanding
“Handel Variations” that blended
steely power and textural intricacy.
Though exciting,the performance was
a little joyless. After the colossal fugue
that brings the work to a rousing con-
clusion, Mr. Sokolov took the briefest
bow and immediately began Brahms’s
Three Intermezzos (Op. 117), to end the
program. In his probing performances
these pensive and mystical late Brahms
works seemed anything but anticlimac-
tic. Then, never once smiling, Mr. Soko-
lov kept returning to the stage until he
had played six encores. 
The recital ended at 11:40, too late,
alas, for one more dessert and a night-
cap at an outdoor cafe before leaving
the next morning to head home.
Fleeing Music on a Vacation, but Finding It Everywhere
A.P./SOUTH TYROL MUSEUM OF ARCHAEOLOGY 
JOHANNES SIMON/GETTY IMAGES
GREGOR KHUEN BELASI
From First Arts Page
Above, the Venus Grotto, inspired
by “Tannhäuser,” in Linderhof Pal-
ace south of Munich. Right, Grigory
Sokolov at the Busoni International
Piano Festival. Top left, the Iceman,
a strictly nonmusical mummy.
King Ludwig’s
Wagnerian haunts
and a piano festival.
C6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
EVENI NG
7:00                   7:30                   8:00                   8:30                   9:00                   9:30                  10:00                 10:30                 11:00                 11:30                 12:00
2
 WCBS
CBS-2 Special: Komen N.Y.C. Run 2012 U.S. Open Tennis Women’s final. From the USTA National Tennis 
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48 Hours Mystery “Shelley’s Last 
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NEWS (N) (CC) 
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Jets Huddle 
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> 
CSI: Miami 
“Resurrection.” 
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4
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Life According 
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LX.TV 1stLook 
Lifestyle trends. 
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America’s Got Talent The judges 
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Law & Order: SVU “Justice 
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> 
Law & Order: SVU “Strange 
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Saturday Night Live Jimmy Fallon; 
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Touch “Lost and Found.” Teller 
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Brothers & Sis-
ters “All in the 
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House “Love Hurts.” House and 
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The Closer “The Big Bang.” The 
squad has difficulty adjusting. (HD)
The Closer “Help Wanted.” Brenda 
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Law & Order “Rage.” A Wall 
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Giants Access 
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That ’70s Show 
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11
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Men (CC) (HD)
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CW Fall First 
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Ricki’s Back 
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NEWS (N) (CC) (HD)                                        It’s Always Sun-
ny in Phila.
It’s Always 
Sunny in Phila.
Futurama (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
13
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The This Old House Hour Replac-
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As Time Goes 
By (CC) (PG)
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Diner (1982). Steve Guttenberg, Mickey Rourke. Young Baltimore pals 
and hangout. Winning. (R)
Please Give (2010). Catherine Keener. Wealthy 
woman feels guilty. Rigged for outrage. (R) (10:55)
21
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Dr. Fuhrman’s Immunity Solution!Judy Collins Live at the Metropolitan Museum      Doo Wop Love Songs (My Music) Romance and teenage love songs. (G) Robert Plant & the Band of Joy
25
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NEWS              European Jrnl    Travels to Edge  Rudy Maxa         Lidia’s Italy     Winemakers       Secrets                $9.99                 Private Sessions “Ringo Starr.”      Video Music
31
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Psych Shawn discovers a body. (PG) Psych “Last Night Gus.” (CC) (PG)  Psych “This Episode Sucks.” (CC)   Psych (CC) (PG)                          Psych “Dead Man’s Curveball.” (PG) Psych (CC) (PG)
41
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La Familia P. Luche (CC) (HD)      Sábado Gigante (N) (CC) (HD) (PG)                                                  Noticias 41        Noticiero          Desmadrugados
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The Haunted Mansion (2003). Eddie Murphy. (PG) (CC) (HD)              Cradle 2 the Grave (2003). Jet Li, DMX. (R) (CC) (HD)                       Noticias              Titulares Tele.12 Corazones
48
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Food for the Poor                        Paid programming
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50
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55
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Toni On              The Insider (N)   House “Love Hurts.” (CC) (HD)        The Unit “Paradise Lost.” (HD) (14)  Judge Judy (PG) Judge Judy (PG) America’s Court America’s Court Toni On
63
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Paid programming                      Blogumentary    CGN World         The King of Legend (PG)              Paid programming                        Sinovision (In Chinese) (PG)          Paid programming
68
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Un Monje a Prueba de Balas (2003). (PG-13) (6:30)   La Leyenda del Tesoro Perdido (2004). Nicolas Cage, Hunter Gomez. (PG) (CC) (HD)      Sólo Boxeo
PREMI UM CABLE
ENC
Are We There Yet? (2005). Ice 
Cube, Nia Long. (PG) (CC) (6:20)
Billy Madison (1995). Adam Sandler. Millionaire 
forces son to redo grades 1 to 12. Brainless. (PG-13) 
The Postman (1997). Kevin Costner, Will Patton. Postapocalyptic America, 2013. Truly awful. (R) (CC)
FLIX
Rumble Fish (1983). Matt Dillon, 
Mickey Rourke. (R) (CC) (6:25)
Phenomenon (1996). Small-town Everyman transformed into telekinetic 
genius. The film, however, starts smart, finishes dumb. (PG) (CC)
. 
The Hours (2002). Meryl Streep. Virginia Woolf and two women 
affected by her. Delicate, austere and deeply moving. (PG-13) (10:05)
. 
The House of 
the Spirits (1993).
HBO
Klitschko (2011). 
(HD) (5:30)
●
 Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close (2011). Tom Hanks. Boy traverses 
New York to solve mystery. Treats 9/11 as kitsch. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Boxing Chad Dawson vs. Andre Ward, super middleweights. (CC) (HD) (9:45)
HBO2
. 
J. Edgar (2011). Leonardo DiCaprio, 
Naomi Watts. (R) (CC) (HD) (5:40)
Veep “Full 
Disclosure.” (HD)
Veep “Tears.” 
(CC) (HD) (MA)
Due Date (2010). Robert Downey Jr. Architect has to 
take road trip with rube. The joke is on us. (R) (CC) (HD)
Vampires Suck (2010). Matt Lanter, Jenn Proske. 
Twilight. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (10:45)
Real Time With 
Bill Maher (HD)
MAX
. 
Jaws (1975). Roy Scheider, Robert Shaw. Spielberg’s beach-resort 
shark. You won’t doze. (PG) (CC) (HD) (6:50)
Strike Back Section 20 relocates to 
Cape Town. (CC) (HD) (MA)
The Hangover Part II (2011). Bradley Cooper, Ed 
Helms. (R) (CC) (HD)
Strike Back Section 20 relocates to 
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SHO
Our Idiot Brother (2011). Paul 
Rudd. (R) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Jay Mohr: Funny for a Girl (N) 
(CC) (HD) (MA)
Boxing Devon Alexander vs. Randall Bailey. IBF welterweight title fight. (HD)                   All Access (HD) Weeds “Thresh-
old.” (CC) (HD)
SHO2
. 
The Company 
Men (R) (HD) (6)
The Twilight Saga: New Moon (2009). Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson. Bella meets the 
werewolves. Juiceless and nearly bloodless. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (7:45)
The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2010). Bella must choose between vamp and 
wolf. More entertaining than its predecessors. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (9:55)
Big Brother 
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STARZ
Burlesque (2010). Cher, Christina Aguilera. Iowa girl dances at L.A. club. 
Dull and squeaky-clean tease-o-rama. (PG-13) (CC)
●
 The Vow (2012). Rachel McAdams, Channing Tatum. Man tries to 
restore wife’s memory. Forgetability wins. (PG-13) (CC)
30 Minutes or Less (2011). Pizza-delivery guy forced 
to rob bank. Frantically unfunny. (R) (CC) (10:55)
TMC
The Rock (1996). Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage. Breaking into Alcatraz to 
thwart threats of mass destruction. Slam-bang nonsense. (R) (HD) (6:30)
Southern Gothic (2007). Yul Vazquez. Strip-club 
bouncer must save girl from undead preacher.
Believers (2007). Johnny Messner, Jon Huertas. Paramedics are 
captured by suicidal cult. (R) (CC) (HD) (10:35)
CABLE
7:00                   7:30                   8:00                   8:30                   9:00                   9:30                  10:00                 10:30                 11:00                 11:30                 12:00
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Storage Wars 
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gers (HD) (11:01)
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Princess Diaries 2
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A Bug’s Life (1998). Animated. (G) (HD)
. 
A Bug’s Life (1998). Animated. (G) (HD)                             Willy Wonka
AMC
Into the West “Wheel to the Stars.” 
(HD) (Part 1 of 6) (14) (6)
. 
Apollo 13 (1995). Tom Hanks, Bill Paxton. Astronauts in peril. Spellbinding true story. (PG) (CC) (HD)        Mission to Mars (2000). Noble astronauts, via De Palma. 
In space, no one can hear you snore. (PG) (CC) (HD)
APL
My Cat From Hell (CC) (HD) (PG)  My Cat From Hell “Bitten.” (N) (HD) Tanked “Nuclear Family.” (N) (HD)   Tanked: Unfiltered (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked “Nuclear Family.” (HD) (PG) Tanked: Unfltrd
BBCA
Star Trek: The Next Generation    Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG)         Doctor Who (N) (CC) (HD) (PG)     Copper Racial tension builds. (HD)  Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG)          Doctor Who (HD)
BET
The Janky Promoters (2009). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Concert promoters 
get in over their heads. (R) (CC) (HD)
The Best Man (2006, TVF). Keeley Hawes, Toby Stephens. Woman unwittingly disrupts 
new husband’s relationship with friend. (CC)
Mama, I Want to Sing (2010). 
Ciara, Lynn Whitfield. (PG) (HD)
BIO
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD)    uneXplained       uneXplained       uneXplained       uneXplained     Ghost Stories
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Charlie Rose (CC) (HD)          Money Moves    Bloomberg        Political Capital
BRV
The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
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The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
Kandi works on a sex-toy line. (8:08)
The Real Housewives of Atlanta “Happiness & Joy.” 
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The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
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The Real Housewives of Atlanta 
“Reunion Part 2.” (Part 2 of 3) (14)
CBSSN
S.E.C. Tonight                          College Football Louisiana Tech vs. Houston. (HD)                                                  Inside College Football
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Blue Collar Comedy Tour: One for the Road (2006, TVF). (CC) (HD) (6:30) My Big Redneck Vacation (N) (PG) Bayou Billion      Them Idiots Whirled Tour (CC) (HD) (PG)
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Big Top Scooby-Doo! (2012).Home Movies    King of the Hill   King of the Hill   Family Guy (14)  Black Dynamite  The Boondocks  Bleach (N) (14)
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Money in Motion 
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How I Made My 
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Ultimate Factories “IKEA.” (G)        The Suze Orman Show “Desperate 
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Til Debt Do Us 
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Til Debt Do Us 
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How I Made My 
Millions
How I Made My 
Millions
The Suze Orman 
Show
CNN
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD)               Footnotes of 9/11 The people who 
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Piers Morgan Tonight (HD)          CNN Newsroom (N) (HD)               Footnotes of 9/11 The people who 
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Piers Morgan 
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COM
Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004). Vince Vaughn, Ben Stiller. 
(PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:52)
Get Him to the Greek (2010). Jonah Hill, Russell Brand. Rock star must be brought to Los 
Angeles. Brand is brilliantly unpredictable. (R) (CC) (HD)
Tosh.0 (CC) (HD) 
(14) (11:40)
Tosh.0 (CC) (HD) 
(14) (12:12)
COOK
Food(ography)   Food(ography)   Everyday Italian Easy Chinese     The Supersizers Go                   Bitchin’ Kitchen Bitchin’ Kitchen Dinner Imposs.Unique Eats (HD) Everyday Italian
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News and Public Affairs             Cheating in College (N)               Debate on College Sports (N)       News and Public Affairs (10:15)    Cheating in College                   Debate on Col
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Book TV           Book TV (N)                             Book TV “Obama’s America.” (N) (8:45)                   Book TV: After Words (N)            Book TV “Desert America.” (N)       Book TV
CUNY
Study With        Eldridge & Co.Criminal Justice Theater Talk (G) The Spanish Gardener (1956). Dirk Bogarde, Cyril Cusack.TimesTalks Arts & Leisure          Real
DIS
Shake It Up! 
(CC) (HD) (G)
Shake It Up! 
(CC) (HD) (G)
My Babysitter’s 
a Vampire (HD)
A.N.T. Farm “in-
telligANT.” (HD)
Good Luck 
Charlie (HD) (G)
Jessie “Gotcha 
Day.” (CC) (HD)
A.N.T. Farm (CC) 
(HD) (G)
My Babysitter’s 
a Vampire (HD)
Shake It Up! 
(CC) (HD) (G)
Jessie (CC) (HD) 
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Austin & Ally 
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DIY
10 Best Kitchen Cool Room      Holmes on Homes (HD) (G)         Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renovation Reb Renov. Real.Rehab Addict    Rehab Addict    Renov. Real.
DSC
Fast N’ Loud “Frankensteined 
Ford.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Fast N’ Loud “Amazing Impala.” 
(CC) (HD) (14)
Texas Car Wars “Let the Rivalries 
Begin.” (CC) (HD) (14)
American Chopper “The Build Is 
On.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Texas Car Wars “Let the Rivalries 
Begin.” (CC) (HD) (14)
American Chop-
per (CC) (HD)
E!
Chelsea Lately    Jonas
. 
Knocked Up (2007). Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl. (R)                                                  Jonas                 Fashion Police (14)                    Chelsea Lately
ENCFAM
. 
The Last Starfighter (1984). Lance Guest. (PG) (CC)
. 
Mr. Holland’s Opus (1995). Richard Dreyfuss. (PG) (CC) (8:45)                                      The Santa Clause 2 (2002). Tim Allen. (G) (CC) (11:15)
ESPN
College Football Washington vs. L.S.U. (HD)                                                  College Football College Football Illinois vs. Arizona State. (HD)
ESPN2
College Football College Football Georgia vs. Missouri. (HD) (7:45)                                                  SportsCenter (CC) (HD) (10:45)                              SportsCenter
ESPNCL
Summer Olympics                   One Day in September (1999). Ankie Spitzer, Jamal Al Gashey. (R) (CC) One Day in September (1999). Ankie Spitzer, Jamal Al Gashey. (R) (CC) Munich Games
FOOD
Chopped (HD) (G)                      Chopped “Belly Dance!” (HD)        Chopped “Oui, Oui, Confit.” (HD)    Chopped “Cake Walk.” (HD)                      Iron Chef America (HD)               Chopped (HD)
FOXMOV
Tears of the Sun (2003). Bruce 
Willis, Monica Bellucci. (R) (5:30)
Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem (2007). Steven Pasquale, Reiko Aylesworth. 
Alien races battle it out in the sewers, and the special effects win. (R) (CC)
Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem (2007). Steven Pasquale, Reiko Aylesworth. 
Alien races battle it out in the sewers, and the special effects win. (R) (CC)
The Missing 
(2003). (R) (CC)
FOXNEWS
Fox Report (N) (HD)                   Huckabee (N) (HD)                           Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) 
(HD)
Stossel (HD)                                  The Journal 
Editorial Report
Fox News Watch 
(HD)
Justice With 
Judge Jeanine
FSC
SKY Sports News (HD)               U.E.F.A. Champions League Soccer CFR Cluj vs FC Basel. (HD)          Fox Soccer News (HD)               U.E.F.A. Champions League Soccer
FUSE
Baby Boy (5)
. 
Boyz N the Hood (1991). Ice Cube, Cuba Gooding Jr. (R) (HD)
. 
Baby Boy (2001). Tyrese Gibson, Omar Gooding. (R)
FX
College Football Fox College 
Bonus
Superbad (2007). Jonah Hill, Michael Cera. Jonah Hill, Michael Cera.Teenage boys take long night’s journey 
into hormones. Sweetly absurd high school comedy. (R) (HD)
Role Models (2008). Buddies do community service 
as mentors. Only if you’re feeling charitable. (R) (HD)
G4
Signs (2002). Mel Gibson, Joaquin Phoenix. (PG-13) (HD)              War Games: The Dead Code (2007). Matt Lanter. (PG-13) (HD)             The Fifth Element (1997). Bruce Willis. (PG-13) (HD)
GOLF
L.P.G.A. Tour Golf Kingsmill Championship, third round. (HD) (6:30)       P.G.A. Tour Golf BMW Championship, third round. From Crooked Stick Golf Club in Carmel, Ind. (HD)
GSN
Beat the Chefs Richie Palmer. (HD) Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud       Family Feud      Newlywed
HALL
Undercover Bridesmaid (2012, TVF). Brooke Burns. (CC) (HD)
●
 Puppy Love (2012, TVF). Candace Cameron Bure, Victor Webster. (HD)    Puppy Love (2012, TVF). Victor Webster (CC) (HD)
HGTV
Home by Novo   Dina’s Party (N)  Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G)       Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G)      House Hunters   Hunters Int’l      House Hunters   Hunters Int’l       Love It or List It
HIST
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “Out 
of Gas.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars 
“Zoodoo.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (10:31)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (11:02)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (11:32)
Pawn Stars (CC) 
(HD) (12:01)
HLN
Evidence           Evidence            The Investigators (14)                  Evidence           Evidence            The Investigators (14)                  Evidence           Evidence             Investigators
ID
Who the (Bleep) 
Did I Marry?
Dirty Little Lies 
(CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attraction (Season Finale) 
(N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Unholy Matri-
mony.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Deadly Affairs “In Too Deep.” (Se-
ries Premiere) (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attraction “A Rose 
Amongst Thorns.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never 
After (CC) (HD)
IFC
. 
The Changeling (1979). Well-handled 
haunted-house tingler. (R) (5:45)
Scream 3 (2000). Neve Campbell, David Arquette. Killer pursues cast of slasher movie. 
Breezily self-mocking. (R) (HD)
Ginger Snaps (2000). Emily Perkins, Katharine Isabelle. Introverted 
sisters and werewolf-style murders. Sly, dry horror satire.
LIFE
Fatal Honeymoon (2012, TVF). Harvey 
Keitel, Amber Clayton. (CC) (HD) (6)
●
 A Killer Among Us (2012, TVF). Tess Atkins, Tom Cavanagh. Girl 
helps cop investigate her mother’s murder. (CC) (HD)
A Killer Among Us (2012, TVF). Tess Atkins, Tom Cavanagh. Girl helps 
cop investigate her mother’s murder. (CC) (HD)
A Killer Among 
Us (HD) (12:01)
LMN
Long Lost Son (2006, TVF). Gabrielle 
Anwar, Craig Sheffer. (CC) (HD) (6)
Drop Dead Diva “Ashes to Ashes.” 
(CC) (HD) (PG)
Drop Dead Diva “Lady Parts.” Jane 
defends Deb’s mother. (CC) (HD)
Drop Dead Diva “Family Matters.” 
Jane represents a mother. (HD) (PG)
Drop Dead Diva “Picks & Pakes.” 
(CC) (HD) (PG)
Drop Dead Diva 
(CC) (HD) (PG)
7:00                   7:30                   8:00                   8:30                   9:00                   9:30                  10:00                 10:30                 11:00                 11:30                 12:00
LOGO
Engaged & Un-
derage (CC)
Engaged & Un-
derage (CC)
. 
Best in Show (2000). Dysfunctional owners gather for dog show. Hip, 
condescending, exquisitely nuanced sketch comedy. Savor the moments. (CC)
. 
Best in Show (2000). Dysfunctional owners gather for dog show. Hip, 
condescending, exquisitely nuanced sketch comedy. Savor the moments. (CC)
Comedy Central 
Presents (CC)
MIL
World War II in Color (CC) (PG)
. 
Heartbreak Ridge (1986). Veteran marine leading combat recruits in Grenada. Wry, wise caper. (R) (CC)
. 
Heartbreak Ridge (1986). Clint Eastwood. (R) (CC)
MLB
M.L.B. Regional Coverage. (HD)                                                  M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights.Quick Pitch
MSG
The Best of Boomer & Carton      Barrera/Pacquiao                   Mayweather/Hatton                     Pacquiao vs. Marquez                 Pacquiao/De La Hoya                  Pacquiao/Hatton
MSGPL
College Football Miami vs. Kansas State. (HD)                                                  Belmont Park 30 Bull Riding CBR West Texas Shootout.College Football
MSNBC
Caught on Camera (HD)                Lockup: Indiana Cutting. (HD)        Lockup: Indiana (HD)                    Lockup: Indiana (HD)                    Lockup: Indiana (HD)                    Lock.: Colorado
MTV
2012 MTV Video Music Awards From the Staples Center in Los Angeles.Awkward. (HD)   Awkward. (HD)   Awkward. (HD)       Inbetweeners      Jersey Shore: Gym, Tan                2012 MTV VMAs
NBCS
College Central  College Football Army vs. San Diego State. (HD)                                                  Motorcycle Racing A.M.A. Motocross: Moto 2.
NGEO
Inside 9/11: War on America (HD)    Inside 9/11: Zero Hour Terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. (HD) (PG)       9/11: The Firemen’s Story (N) (HD) Inside 9/11: Zero Hour (HD) (PG)
NICK
iCarly (CC) (HD) (G) (6:30)           Drake & Josh “Drake & Josh Go Hollywood.” (CC)            iCarly (CC) (G)
> 
Friends (PG)
> 
Friends (PG)
> 
Friends (PG)
> 
Friends (PG)
> 
Friends (14)
NICKJR
Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer    Dora Explorer    Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan   Ni Hao, Kai-lan   Yo Gabba
NY1
NEWS            On Stage         NEWS            NEWS            NEWS            NEWS             New York Times Close Up          NEWS              Sports on 1 (11:35)
OVA
. 
Strictly Ballroom (1992). (CC) (HD) (6) Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights (2004). Diego Luna. (PG-13) (HD)
. 
The Full Monty (1997). Robert Carlyle, Tom Wilkinson. (R) (HD)         Dirty Dancing
OWN
Behind Mansion Walls (CC) (HD)  Behind Mansion Walls (CC) (HD)   Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice        Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice       Behind Mansion Walls (CC) (HD)   Sweetie Pie’s
OXY
The Sweetest Thing (2002). Cameron Diaz, Christina Applegate. (R) (CC) Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez, Jane Fonda. (PG-13) (CC)      Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez. (PG-13) (CC)
SCIENCE
Oddities (HD)    Oddities (HD)     San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco    San Francisco
SMITH
The Real Story “Braveheart.” (HD)   The Real Story (CC) (HD) (14)       Air Disasters (CC) (HD) (14)       Warriors of the Kalahari (HD) (PG) The Real Story (CC) (HD) (14)       Air Disasters
SNY
Mets Postgame  College Football North Carolina State vs. Connecticut. (CC) (HD)                                                  SportsNite (HD)  SportsNite (HD)  SportsNite (HD)  SportsNite (HD)
SOAP
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG)   General Hospital (CC) (HD)         General Hospital (CC) (HD)         General Hospital (CC) (HD)         General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG)   Brothers/Sisters
SPEED
Monster Jam (HD)                  Monster Jam (HD)                     A.M.A. Pro Racing New Jersey.A.M.A. Pro Racing New Jersey.Nascar Victory Lane (HD)            A.M.A. Racing
SPIKE
Super Troopers (2001). Jay Chandrasekhar, Kevin Heffernan. (R) (CC) (HD) (7:13)          MacGruber (2010). Will Forte, Kristen Wiig. ’Saturday Night Live’ skit becomes movie. Why? (R) Stripes (R) (HD)
STYLE
America’s Next Top Model (CC)    America’s Next Top Model (CC)    America’s Next Top Model (CC)    America’s Next Top Model (CC)   Gossip Girl “Hi, Society.” (HD) (14) Gossip Girl (HD)
SUN
Get to Work “Pressure Does Two 
Things.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Mammoth (2009). Gael García Bernal, Michelle Williams. Fate changes 
the lives of a couple, a nanny and a working mother. (CC) (HD)
. 
The Anniversary Party (2001). Alan Cumming, Jennifer Jason Leigh. 
Reconciled couple invites friends over. Acutely observant. (R) (CC) (10:15)
Diary of a Nym-
phomaniac (HD)
SYFY
Sand Sharks (2011). Julie Marie Berman, Christina Corigliano. Under-
water quake looses prehistoric predator. (R) (HD)
2 Headed Shark Attack (2012). Carmen Electra, Charlie O’Connell. 
Shark sinks school-at-sea ship. (CC) (HD)
Super Shark (2011). John Schneider, Jimmie Walker. 
Prehistoric shark wreaks havoc. (CC) (HD)
TBS
> 
Seinfeld (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
> 
Seinfeld (CC) 
(HD) (PG)
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory
> 
The Big Bang 
Theory
Franklin & Bash “Strange Brew.” 
(CC) (HD) (14)
Tyler Perry’s Madea Goes to Jail (2009). Madea 
behind bars. Aggravated melodrama. (PG-13) (CC) 
TCM
. 
A Big Hand for the Little Lady 
(1966). Henry Fonda. (6)
. 
The Goodbye Girl (1977). Richard Dreyfuss. Divorcee and daughter 
sharing apartment with actor. Warmly appealing Neil Simon comedy. (PG) 
. 
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947). Cary 
Grant, Myrna Loy. (CC)
Andy Hardy’s Blonde Trouble 
(1944). Mickey Rooney. (CC) (11:45)
TLC
Flight 175: As the World Watched 9/11 Emergency Room (N) (HD)     9/11: Heroes of the 88th Floor (CC) (HD) (14)                                          9/11 Emergency Room (CC) (HD)   9/11: Heroes
TNT
. 
Braveheart (1995). Mel Gibson, 
Sophie Marceau. (R) (CC) (HD) (4:20)
. 
Saving Private Ryan (1998). Tom Hanks. World War II squad risks all to find one soldier. Magnificent. (R) (CC) (HD)
. 
Flags of Our Fathers (2006). 
Ryan Phillippe. (R) (CC) (HD) (11:40)
TRAV
Tastiest Places to Chowdown      Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
TRU
Top 20 Most Shocking (14)                      Imp. Jokers         Imp. Jokers         Imp. Jokers         Imp. Jokers         Imp. Jokers         Imp. Jokers        Forensic Files    Forensic Files     Imp. Jokers
TVLAND
Andy Griffith      The Andy Griffith Show (HD) (7:43) Andy Griffith
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond
> 
Raymond       King of Queens  King of Queens
USA
> 
NCIS “Forced Entry.” A Marine’s 
wife kills an intruder. (CC) (HD) (PG)
> 
NCIS “Twilight.” Gibbs is targeted 
by terrorists. (CC) (HD) (PG)
> 
NCIS “Kill Ari.” Gibbs is deter-
mined to stop Ari. (HD) (Part 1 of 2)
> 
NCIS “Kill Ari.” (CC) (HD) (Part 2 
of 2) (14)
> 
CSI “Lover’s Lanes.” Murder at a 
bowling alley. (CC) (HD) (14)
> 
CSI “Appendic-
itement.” (HD)
VH1
100 Greatest Songs of the ’00s      100 Greatest Songs of the ’00s      100 Greatest Songs of the ’00s    Old School (2003). Luke Wilson, Will Ferrell.Mama Drama
WE
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera “Mini-Truck Bride.” (HD)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera “Corryn.” (CC) (HD) (G)
●
 My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera: Unveiled (N) (CC) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David 
Tutera “Safari Bride.” (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wed-
ding: Unveiled
YES
M.L.B. New York Yankees vs. Baltimore Orioles. (CC) (HD)                                                  New York Yankees Postgame       Yankees Deck   M.L.B. Yankees vs. Orioles
7:30 P.M. (HBO) EXTREMELY LOUD &
INCREDIBLY CLOSE(2011) Oskar Schell
(Thomas Horn), an 11-year-old New Yorker
whose father (Tom Hanks) died in the Sept. 11
attacks on the World Trade Center, traverses the
five boroughs in search of the owner of a key in
an envelope scrawled with a single word —
“Black” — that he believes will unlock the
answer to what happened on “the worst day.”
Sandra Bullock, above with Mr. Horn, plays
Oskar’s grieving mother, who seems oblivious
to his travels; Viola Davis and Jeffrey Wright
are the first of the 472 Blacks whose names
Oskar has culled from city phone books; and
Max von Sydow is the mysterious man who
becomes Oskar’s sidekick. “The performances,
including from the reliably appealing Mr. Hanks
and Ms. Bullock, are smoothed of any
roughness, which can be chalked up to the fact
that most of the story is seen through Oskar’s
eyes,” Manohla Dargis wrote in The New York
Times. “Mr. Horn, who was 13 when the movie
was made, is an attractively real-looking boy,
with an impish smile and a natural-feeling
directness, and he holds his own just fine, even
against a scene-stealer like Mr. von Sydow.” But,
she added:“It’s an impossible role in an
impossible movie that has no reason for being
other than as another pop-culture palliative for
a trauma it can’t bear to face. In truth,
‘Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close’ isn’t about
Sept. 11. It’s about the impulse to drain that day
of its specificity and turn it into yet another
wellspring of generic emotions: sadness,
loneliness, happiness.” 
10:30 A.M. (13) RELIGION & ETHICS
NEWSWEEKLY This newsmagazine kicks off its
16th season with a report by Kim Lawton from
the Democratic National Convention about the
issues liberal religious leaders face,and how
President Obama’s stance on gay marriage has
affected his support among some religious
groups. Also, Bob Faw interviews Ron Hansen,
an author and Roman Catholic deacon. 
NOON (13) RICHARD HEFFNER’S OPEN
MINDNicole Maestas,an economist, concludes
a discussion of her Senate testimony on
encouraging work at older ages.
8 P.M. (Lifetime) A KILLER AMONG US (2012)
A father of three (Tom Cavanagh) tries to cope
with the loss of his beloved wife while helping
his teenage daughter,Alex (Tess Atkins),get to
the bottom of the mystery of who killed her
mother. But the answer may lie a little too close
to home for comfort.
9 P.M. (Hallmark) PUPPY LOVE (2012) Megan
(Candace Cameron Bure), a single mother
overcome by guilt about moving to a new town,
allows Caitlin (Katie Hawkins), her 10-year-old,
to adopt a dog. She immediately regrets her
decision when Caitlin chooses Jake, the biggest
and most unruly in the shelter. But as soon as he
begins to destroy their home,Ben (Victor
Webster), a professional baseball player, knocks
on their door and claims that Jake is his. The
solution: joint custody, and maybe romance.
9 P.M. (WE) MY FAIR WEDDING WITH DAVID
TUTERA: UNVEILEDA sixth season begins as
Mr. Tutera tries to reason with a burlesque
performer who insists on wearing a red latex
dress with tassels and feather fans on her big
day. Her man of honor has ideas of his own,
including stripping at the reception. 
9 P.M. (Starz) THE VOW(2012) Paige and Leo, a
happily married couple played by Rachel
McAdams and Channing Tatum, both above,
find their bliss shattered when she is thrown
through a windshield in a car accident and
emerges from a coma with the personality of a
Stepford wife and no memory of their four years
together. Against all odds, Leo sets out to win
Paige’s heart back in this weepy,directed by
Michael Sucsy and inspired by real events. But
first he’ll have to get past her disapproving
parents (Sam Neill and Jessica Lange) and old
flame (Scott Speedman). “This could have been
a rich, strange melodrama; a psychological
thriller; a horror movie; a dark comedy; or any
combination of these, and scholarly viewers can
relieve the tedium by imagining it remade by
more daring filmmakers. Just think of what
Alfred Hitchcock or Pedro Almodóvar or Luis
Buñuel or John Waters could have done with
this material,” A.O. Scott wrote in The Times.
“Never mind. ‘The Vow’ is designed for comfort,
not shock. But even by the standards of
commercial melodrama,it’s a pretty weak
brew.” 
KATHRYNSHATTUCK
WHAT’S ON TODAY
FRANÇOIS DUHAMEL/WARNER BROTHERS PICTURES
KERRY HAYES/COLUMBIA PICTURES/SCREEN GEMS
Definitions of symbols used in the program listings:
★Recommended film            (N) New show or episode
✩Recommended series                 (CC) Closed-captioned 
●
New or noteworthy program
(HD) High definition 
Ratings:
(Y)All children                              (PG) Parental guidance suggested
(Y7) Directed to older children     (14) Parents strongly cautioned
(G) General audience                     (MA) Mature audience only
The TV ratings are assigned by the producers or network. Rat-
ings for theatrical films are provided by the Motion Picture As-
sociation of America. 
Television highlights for a full week, recent
reviews by The Times’s critics and complete
local television listings.
nytimes.com/tv
ONLINE:TELEVISION LISTINGS
N
C7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
The night’s other awards — all
two of them, best pop video and
best new artist — were won by
One Direction, the British boy
band that would have been a
champion of MTV’s “Total Re-
quest Live” golden age, but that
now generates much of its heat
online. Consensus doesn’t look
the way it used to.
Yet no award show is better
equipped than the VMAs to ac-
knowledge the success of a group
like that. The VMAs carry the
burden of still being the forward-
looking and youth-oriented music
fan’s awards show, a responsibil-
ity they have inherited but aren’t
necessarily equipped for.
That’s because MTV’s legacy
as a platform for breaking music
has remained seemingly unshak-
able,despite several years of
docusoaps, dramatic sitcoms
about awkward teenagers and re-
ality-star athletic competitions.
No network or organization has
stepped up to fill its void, even in
this era,in which musicians are
as present in the commercials as
on the show itself:Nicki Minaj in
ads for Pepsi and Adidas;Lady
Gaga in those for her new per-
fume;Fergie and Common sell-
ing Case-Mate;the stars of “The
Voice” promoting “The Voice.”
That means that the show
plays host to implicitly warring
constituencies, as seen here:her-
itage pop acts like Pink, Alicia
Keys and Green Day,who still
need the bite of youth credibility
and mistake this for a music
show, brush up against legitimate
young stars and also against new
acts that have garnered their
fame in totally unconventional,
non-MTV-centric (and non-TV-
centric) ways.
That meant a segment in which
the host, the comedian Kevin
Hart, danced alongside PSY, the
breakout K-pop star recently
signed to an American record
deal by Scooter Braun, Justin
Bieber’s manager.Mr. Hart emu-
lated the loopy gallop from PSY’s
“Gangnam Style” video.
The power of the Internet also
gave the show its one moment of
true pathos in the form of Frank
Ocean, the young R&B star who
this summer announced that his
first love had been a man. He
sang “Thinking About You” in
near darkness, and with spare
backing, magnifying his fragile
falsetto. He left the stage almost
before the song was done, the
only performer of the night to
force people onto his terms.Oth-
erwise, the performances were
largely slick and grandly scaled:
Rihanna on “Cockiness” (with
ASAP Rocky) and “We Found
Love”; 2 Chainz and Lil Wayne
on “Yuck” and “No Worries.” 
There were a handful of mo-
ments of fluency in the politics of
contemporary music. The pre-
senters Rashida Jones and Andy
Samberg affectionately mocked
hip-hop’s recent turn to the emo-
tional in presenting the best hip-
hop video award to Drake, leader
of that movement.In Drake’s ac-
ceptance speech, after recalling
being picked on as a child for be-
ing black and Jewish, he dedicat-
ed his win to “any kid that’s ever
had a long walk home by your-
self,” adding, at the end, “We
made it, bitch!”
The show also offered a few
brief bits of crossover pop cultur-
al relevance, like asking the Unit-
ed States women’s gymnastics
team to introduce Ms. Keys,
though having the gold medalist
Gabby Douglas kick off her shoes
to show off a few moves during
the performance felt cheap.
As host, Mr. Hart was manic
and loud and sometimes laser-fo-
cused, but just as often spraying
wide and loose. The DJ and pro-
ducer Mr. Harris was the house
DJ for the night, inside some sort
of jungle gym that looked as if it
were imported from the planet
Krypton, or maybe just from any
edition of the MTV Europe Music
Awards, which have been invari-
ably more forward than the
home-field production for years.
The show was somehow both
commercial-packed and also bru-
tally fast, at least partly because
of a stated promise that it would-
n’t run over into President Oba-
ma’s speech at the Democratic
National Convention. The result
was a rush job, leaving no room
for error or serendipity. (Kanye
West wasn’t there, so that
helped.)
As if in a tribute to efficiency,
the night closed with the young
country star Taylor Swift, who
sang her new single,“We Are
Never Ever Getting Back Togeth-
er.” Three years ago Ms. Swift
was a VMAs naïf who had her
golden moment interrupted by a
surly Mr. West.
But the VMAs are not a show
that grows up with you, and Ms.
Swift was a virtual eminence
grise here. During Mr. Hart’s
opening monologue, she laughed
loudly at his profanity-thick rant
about the actress Kristen Stew-
art’s affair. 
And her performance was
brisk and saucy, involving chor-
eographed dance moves — part
of her move into poppier territory
— and ending in a stage dive that
was less punk than good stage-
craft. Ms. Swift is a pro now, too
famous really to sweat.They
need her more than she needs
them.
MARIO ANZUONI/REUTERS
The singer Pink was suspended in the air as she performed at the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles.The show included a few moves from the Olympic medalist Gabby Douglas, too. 
MTV Video Awards Are Less Shiny These Days, but Still Slick
MARK J. TERRILL/INVISION, VIA AP
Top, One Direction, from left:Niall Horan, Liam Payne, Louis
Tomlinson, Harry Styles and Zayn Malik.Above, Taylor Swift.
A hip-hop artist and
a British boy band
are among winners. 
From First Arts Page
MATT SAYLES/INVISION,VIA AP
lapses into a chaotic jumble of
poorly staged car chases and
shootouts, many involving Mar-
tin’s evil, double-dealing boss,
Carrack (Ms. Weaver). If she had
been encouraged to camp up the
role of this trigger-happy witch,
Ms. Weaver might have squeezed
out some fun, but she cowers be-
hind blips of dialogue she seems
almost embarrassed to speak. 
While on the run, Will teams up
with Lucia (Verónica Echegui, a
Penélope Cruz clone). They make
a pretty pair. Mr. Cavill’s per-
formance is so wooden that it
suggests that he might deliver
Superman’s cartoon-balloon ora-
tory with just the right tone of
gee-whiz sincerity.
“The Cold Light of Day” is rat-
ed PG-13 (Parents strongly cau-
tioned). It has violence, with mo-
ments that verge on torture — for
characters and audience alike. 
So murky that it is hard to dis-
cern shapes, let alone faces, in
many of its scenes, and so crude-
ly edited that its frenzied action
has scant continuity, “The Cold
Light of Day” is a ca-
tastrophe worth not-
ing only for the pres-
ence of its name cast.
Who knows why stars
of the caliber of Henry
Cavill (the next Super-
man), Bruce Willis and Sigour-
ney Weaver signed on for this
thoroughly incompetent
“Bourne” movie imitation. 
Directed by Mabrouk El
Mechri (“JCVD,” a well-regarded
Jean-Claude Van Damme vehi-
cle) from a screenplay by Scott
Wiper and John Petro, the film is
set in Spain,where its hero, Will
Shaw (Mr. Cavill), a newly bank-
rupted San Francisco business
consultant, reunites with his fam-
ily for a sailboat vacation. 
Mr. Willis plays Martin, the
Shaw paterfamilias, a slit-eyed
enigma with a craggy, coin-wor-
thy profile and a grave aura who
is shot to death in front of Will af-
ter the rest of the family is
snatched off the boat while Will is
ashore. Until just before Martin’s
murder, Will hadn’t known that
his dad was a C.I.A. officer. The
treasure that competing Middle
Eastern factions are desperate to
get their mitts on is a briefcase
whose contents are never re-
vealed. Do I hear groans of weary
recognition?
Once its setup is established,
“The Cold Light of Day” col-
For Spy’s Family, a Bad Trip
STEPHEN
HOLDEN 
FILM
REVIEW 
The Cold Light of Day
Opened on Friday nationwide. 
Directed by Mabrouk El Mechri; written
by Scott Wiper and John Petro; director
of photography, Remi Adefarasin; edited
by Valerio Bonelli; music by Lucas Vidal;
production design by Benjamín Fernán-
dez; costumes by Sabine Daigeler; pro-
duced by Trevor Macy and Marc D. Ev-
ans; released by Summit Entertainment.
Running time: 1 hour 33 minutes. 
WITH: Henry Cavill (Will), Sigourney
Weaver (Carrack), Bruce Willis (Martin),
Verónica Echegui (Lucia), Roschdy Zem
(Zahir), Joseph Mawle (Gorman), Óscar
Jaenada (Maximo) and Caroline Goodall
(Laurie). 
one leg or crossing one foot over
the other to execute a quarter-
turn — their bodies take on a
flickering quality under the
lights.
Blackouts signal a new kind of
movement and create a certain
tension; as the dancers edge
nearer to the audience, it’s as if
they were posing for close-ups.
But they don’t have Mr. Bokaer’s
charisma, and the movement be-
comes arid without it.
Throughout “Eclipse” there
are instances of beauty, as when
a row of bulbs casts an incandes-
cent glow around a dancer’s
barely moving form, or when Mr.
Bokaer slides against the carpet,
with one graceful leg extended,
as if he were about to cross home
plate. But it’s hardly momentous
enough to build a cinematic ren-
dering of choreography. 
“Eclipse” exists in a solemnly
designed space, where the mood
echoes the same order and preci-
sion of Mr. Bokaer’s uncluttered,
straightforward dances. At the
same time, too much of this work
revolves around how one mo-
ment leads to the next. Perhaps
this “Eclipse” is too literal: the
design and the dance block out
each other. 
Darting and Stuttering Through Points of Light
From First Arts Page
“Eclipse” continues through Sun-
day at the BAM Fisher, 321 Ash-
land Place, near Lafayette Ave-
nue, Fort Greene, Brooklyn;
(718) 636-4100, bam.org.
RUBY WASHINGTON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Adam H. Weinert,Tal Adler-Arieli (standing) and Sara Procopio in “Eclipse,” choreographed by
Jonah Bokaer,with a light installation by Anthony McCall,at the new BAMFisher theater. 
C8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
The performance festival of the
American Dance Guild usually
honors two dance luminaries a
year, one living, one dead. This
year, however, both of the honor-
ees — the choreogra-
phers Elaine Summers
and Dianne McIntyre
— are very much alive.
And if the perform-
ances at the Ailey Citi-
group Theater on
Thursday weren’t the strongest
arguments for the enduring merit
of their art, the spirit of happy vi-
tality was just right. 
American Dance Guild festi-
vals are also about the present,
and the opening-night program
included four recent works. Ex-
cerpts from Rebecca Nettl-Fiol’s
“Heart at Low Tide” made up the
evening’s most generic entry, two
moody ballroom duets gracefully
performed to Jacques Brel songs.
Hee Ra Yoo was born in South
Korea, and her “160 Miles” pre-
sumably refers to the demilita-
rized zone that divides the South
from the North. Though the hier-
atic gestures meant to suggest
border hostility weren’t consis-
tently convincing,an effect with
adhesive tape was clever, making
it seem as if the four dancers
were peeling away the stage
floor, unearthing borders beneath
borders. 
The strengths and flaws of
Kyla Barkin and Aaron Selissen’s
“Sequitur or Non” might be
summed up by its motif of an ac-
cusing finger that later found a
socket in another dancer’s belly
button. As with similar gestures
that marked the fraught double
duet, the question wasn’t, “Does
it follow or not?” It was, “Is it sin-
ister or just silly?”  
Shani Collins-Achille’s “Swing
Us Sky Rain(bow)” was nearly
overwhelmed by part of its sound
score, Ursula Rucker’s graphic
spoken-word tale of domestic
abuse and other “sins of the fa-
ther.” The seven female dancers
responded to the onslaught enig-
matically with strangled bursts of
resistance and quiet resilience.
John Pennington offered a re-
construction of the 1927 solo
“Tänze Vor Gott” (“Dances Be-
fore God”) by Harald Kreutz-
berg, a German Expressionist
whose work is almost never per-
formed. Wielding a voluminous
silver-gray cape, Mr. Pennington
made a powerful case for an anti-
quated style, the taut images
striking both on their own and as
tantalizing evidence of their influ-
ence on Martha Graham.
Ms. Summers was represented
by her 1976 “Windows in the
Kitchen.” In the original perform-
ances, a filmof the Graham danc-
er Matt Turney in front of the loft
windows of the SoHo Kitchen
was projected onto those very
windows, as a live Ms. Turney
danced with the filmed image of
herself. At the Ailey Citigroup,
the film of Ms. Turney was pro-
jected merely onto the back wall,
as Douglas Dunn improvised. 
This read less as a reconstruc-
tion of Ms. Summers’s work than
as a tribute by one artist to two
others. Mr. Dunn both riffed on
and contrasted Ms. Turney’s fe-
line languor with his own won-
derful just-fooling-around style,
witty in his shoulder shrugs, his
fingers wriggling like inquisitive
antennas. 
Ms. McIntyre represented her-
self onstage, joined by 20 alum-
nae of her Sounds in Motion com-
pany, some going back to the
troupe’s beginnings in 1972. It
couldn’t have been the cleanest
rendition ever of Ms. McIntyre’s
signature “Life’s Force” (1979),
but with a jazz band led by Ah-
med Abdullah, it didn’t matter
much that most of the partici-
pants looked out of shape. 
There was a lovely sense of
conversation between Ms. McIn-
tyre, spindly but still electric at
66, and each of her dancers. An
exchange between the honoree
and one famous alumna, Jawole
Willa Jo Zollar, the founder of Ur-
ban Bush Women, was particu-
larly delicious. “Oh! I see!,” Ms.
Zollar seemed to say at the end.
So did we all: Sounds in Mo-
tion. 
PHOTOGRAPHS BY ANDREA MOHIN/THE NEW YORK TIMES
American Dance Guild Performance Festival 
Top, Douglas Dunn and the flutist Jon Gibson in Elaine
Summers’s “Windows in the Kitchen”; the dancer in the film projection is Matt Turney. Above,
Dianne McIntyre, center, performing with alumnae of her company at the Ailey Citigroup Theater.
2 Leading Lights, Very Much Alive 
DANCE
REVIEW 
BRIAN
SEIBERT 
Charles Wallace, center, and members of Ms. McIntyre’s
Sounds in Motion troupe performing “Life’s Force.”
The American Dance Guild Per-
formance Festival continues
through Sunday at Ailey Citigroup
Theater, 405 West 55th Street,
Clinton; 800 838-3006, Ext. 1;
brownpapertickets.com. 
ØØ
N
D1
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By JUDY BATTISTA
Four players suspended by the N.F.L.
for their roles in what the league said
was a bounty program conducted by
members of the New Orleans Saints had
their suspensions vacated by an ap-
peals panel Friday, allowing them to re-
join their teams and play in season
openers this weekend. 
The decision represents a huge tem-
porary victory for the players, who
were immediately reinstated by Com-
missioner Roger Goodell. But they are
not yet in the clear. The panel ruled that
Goodell retained the power to discipline
them for engaging in an “intent to in-
jure” scheme because that would be
considered conduct detrimental to the
league. Goodell could still decide to sus-
pend them, conceivably for exactly the
same length of time. Goodell is likely to
reach a new decision on discipline in the
coming weeks, the league said. 
“Consistent with the panel’s decision,
Commissioner Goodell will, as directed,
make an expedited determination of the
discipline imposed for violating the
N.F.L.’s pay-for-performance/bounty
rule,” a league statement said. “Until
that determination is made, the four
players are reinstated and eligible to
play starting this weekend.” 
Saints linebacker Jonathan Vilma,
who was suspended for the season, is
not likely to play Sunday because of an
injury. But the Saints’ Will Smith, sus-
pended for four games, and the Browns’
Scott Fujita — who was a member of the
Saints at the time of the bounties and
had been suspended for three games —
could play. The former Saint Anthony
Hargrove, who had been suspended for
eight games, is a free agent. 
“Victory is mine!!!!” Vilma wrote on
Twitter shortly after the news of the ap-
peal’s outcome became public. 
The unanimous decision by a three-
person appeals panel overturned an
earlier decision by the system arbitra-
GERALD HERBERT/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Suspensions Vacated for Players in Bounty Case 
Jonathan Vilma can now play but
will probably sit out with an injury.
Continued on Page D6
By DAVID WALDSTEIN
BALTIMORE — Ever since the Orioles
used a six-homer barrage Thursday night to
hammer their way into a first-place tie with
the Yankees in the American League East,
the specter of second place had hung over the
Yankees like the hu-
midity that draped this
city all day and night.
But faced with the
possibility of falling out of first place for the
second time in three games, the Yankees
pushed that loss to the side and held firm Fri-
day to crush the Orioles, 8-5,behind three
multirun homers.
The victory put the Yankees back alone
atop the division, a game ahead of the Orioles,
reassuring for the Yankees,who had used
home runs to produce most of their runs in
June and July, when they were on their way
to a 10-game lead in the division.
Russell Martin, contending with a sore
neck for the past several days, continued his
offensive reawakening with a three-run
homer, and Steve Pearce and Alex Rodriguez
added two-run shots as the long ball ac-
counted for all but one of the Yankees’ runs. 
Martin’s neck was so stiff he could barely
turn it to the side, but he said it was worse on
Wednesday night, when he also hit a three-
run homer and a double in a victory over the
Tampa Bay Rays.
“Keep it stiff then,” he said. “I can live with
it.”
And the Yankees, as they showed earlier in
the summer, can live with home runs.
The three blasts were the most the Yankees
have hit since they had four on Aug. 27, mak-
ing a stretch of nine games in which they had
not hit more than one. Rodriguez’s homer
was his 300th as a Yankee. 
Earlier in the week, Rodriguez said the
team needed to rely more on small-ball tech-
niques to win games because home runs do
not win championships. He has a funny way
of backing up his theory: on Friday night he
hit a ball roughly 430 feet into the Yankees’
bullpen beyond the center-field wall.
“Solo homers don’t work,” he said with a
smile, “but three-runs homers work.”
The game also provided some redemption
for the Yankees’ bullpen, which imploded
Thursday. Dave Robertson and Boone Logan 
Yanks, Behind Three Homers,
Knock Orioles Back Down 
Orioles left fielder Nate McLouth could not catch up to Steve Pearce’s two-run homer in
the fourth. Phil Hughes, left, threw six solid innings to get his 14th victory. 
Continued on Page D7
YANKEES             8
ORIOLES              5 
ABOVE, ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES; GAIL BURTON/ASSOCIATED PRESS
W
omen
’
s 
Fi
na
l
Saturday, 7 p.m., Arthur Ashe Stadium
(1) VICTORIA AZARENKA  Belarus
(4) SERENA WILLIAMS  United States
Men’s Semifinals
Saturday, starting at 11 a.m., 
A
rthur Ashe Stadium
(6) TOMAS BERDYCH  Czech Republic
(3) ANDY MURRAY  Great Britain
(4) DAVID FERRER   Spain
(2) NOVAK DJOKOVIC  Serbia
TV: CBS 
By LYNN ZINSER
The women’s final at the United States
Open is going to be a test of which is the better
way to advance through a draw at a major
championship: rolling over everyone in your
path, or having to dig for every point in grueling
victories. 
In the clash between No. 1 Victoria Aza-
renka and No. 4 Serena Williams on Saturday
night, Azarenka will be Exhibit A for the battle-
tested route, after needing 2 hours 42 minutes to
outslug Maria Sharapova in their semifinal, 3-6,
6-2, 6-4, on Friday. Williams, in direct contrast,
pummeled the latest of her overmatched oppo-
nents, Sara Errani of Italy, 6-1, 6-2, in the other
semifinal. That lasted a mere 64 minutes — 10
minutes shorter than the third set of Azarenka’s
match.
In six singles matches at the Open, Williams
has lost a grand total of 19 games. Azarenka lost
25 in her last two matches: the slugfest against
Sharapova and a three-setter against Samantha
Stosur in the quarterfinals. Should Azarenka
persevere to win her first Open, she will have
earned it with sweat.
The marathon match against Sharapova
sent their matching grunts echoing out of Arthur
Ashe Stadium and across the Billie Jean King
National Tennis Center. As it ground on through 
U.S. OPEN
PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Serena Williams, above, needed just 64
minutes to defeat Sara Errani in a U.S.
Open semifinal, 6-1, 6-2. Victoria Azarenka
outlasted Maria Sharapova in three sets. 
For Azarenka
And Williams,
Paths Diverge
But Go to Final
Continued on Page D5
D2
ØØ
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
C O L L E G E F O OT BA L L
By ZACH SCHONBRUN
PISCATAWAY, N.J. — The
blinds in the corner office at the
Hale Center abutting the Rutgers
football stadium are always shut,
keeping the square room dim, the
dark leather couches cool and the
flat-screen monitors shaded, so
that Coach Kyle Flood can see his
PowerPoint presentations.
They are not particularly intri-
cate or technically sophisticated.
But each day they are patiently
built anew, with videos from the
American armed forces or quota-
tions from Aristotle flashing
above a scarlet background.
Flood uses them to lecture, to
teach. They form the framework
for which all else in his career has
been built.
Well before Rutgers named
Flood its football coach in Janu-
ary, he was a math teacher at St.
Francis Preparatory School in
Queens. His nightly concern was
stimulating 41 high school stu-
dents through five algebra and
trigonometry courses each week-
day morning. He was a part-time
offensive line coach at C.W. Post
in the afternoons.
He lived at home in Bayside,
N.Y., with his parents, Jerry and
Louise, in a narrow, pale clap-
board colonial with a small pool
in the back. On weekends he
would help his father lay car-
peting, fix roofs or cater parties.
This was Flood’s prosaic and
undistinguished routine, until a
phone call on a Saturday late in
the summer of 1997 wedged a
fork in that path, offering him a
job as the running backs coach at
Hofstra, with a $1,000 stipend.
The catch: Flood would have to
give up teaching. 
Flood sat down with his par-
ents and mulled the offer. 
“They said, ‘If you want to do
it, we’ll help you,’” Flood said.
“‘We’ve got a little money saved.
We’ll let you try for a year and
see what happens.’” 
His father recalled: “I told
him: ‘Take a chance. This way
you’ll never be sorry you didn’t
down the road.’”   
Fifteen years later, Flood, at
the time Rutgers’s assistant head
coach, was hired to replace Greg
Schiano after a whirlwind five-
day searching process by Athlet-
ic Director Tim Pernetti that co-
incided with signing day for re-
cruits in early February.
Pernetti rebutted reports that
Flood was not his first choice —
multiple news media outlets, in-
cluding The New York Times, re-
ported that Pernetti had first of-
fered the job to Florida Interna-
tional Coach Mario Cristobal but
that Cristobal turned him down
— saying only that Flood repre-
sented exactly what he was look-
ing for. 
“I had a lot of conversations
with several people during that
crazy five-day period,” Pernetti
said. “Kyle far and away inter-
viewed better than anybody.” 
But Flood, 41, had never been a
head coach, and Rutgers, which
beat Tulane, 24-12, last weekend
in its season opener, is the only
Football Bowl Subdivision pro-
gram he has worked at, after jobs
at Hofstra and Delaware. That in-
experience and the fact he had
mixed success as a line coach
have some people doubting his
ability to take Rutgers beyond
the nine-win seasons it seemed to
settle at under Schiano. 
Flood, whose team faces How-
ard (1-0) in its home opener Sat-
urday, approaches the challenge
as if it were just another math
problem. He has the gray crew
cut and firm jaw of a stereotyp-
ical football coach, but his sharp
tongue and affability would still
seem at home in a high school
classroom. 
“There was a celebrity singer
on the radio I heard, and they
asked her about whether things
had changed since she became
famous,” Flood said. “She said,
‘Nope, when I go home I’m still
the same person I always was,
I’ve just got a cooler job.’ I was
driving and I thought, that’s a
great way to describe it.”
When Flood graduated from
Iona College in 1993, after four
years as a lineman for the Gaels,
his father asked him which Civil
Service test he planned to take.
Kyle refused. He wanted to teach.
This was hard for his father to
understand. He plowed snow and
swept streets in Ridgewood,
Queens, for the New York City
Sanitation Department for 20
years. Kyle came from a family of
civil servants: his grandfather
worked for the New York Police
Department in the 1940s, fol-
lowed by an uncle and Kyle’s
brother, Jerry Jr., who is now in
the police force; his father and
two other uncles worked in san-
itation; and his mother was a sec-
retary in the New York City pub-
lic school system.
“I have nothing but respect for
the people who are policemen,
firemen, sanitation workers —
they’re my family,” Flood said.
“But it wasn’t what I wanted to
do. All I wanted to do was teach
high school.”
After Iona, he took a job as a
math teacher at St. Francis. He
earned about $30,000 a year, lived
at home, served as a proctor on
school trips. He was satisfied un-
til Rob Spence, a former Iona
coach, called with the Hofstra of-
fer. 
“I really counseled him to
think hard about it because I
said, ‘You’re making a career de-
cision,’” said Spence, who is now
Rutgers’s quarterbacks coach.
“But this was his passion. It was
in his soul.”  
Flood said he did not recognize
that immediately. In his first sea-
son with the Pride, Flood ordered
the equipment, edited the film
and planned to quit coaching
when he was 30. Meanwhile, his
Queens-bred charisma made him
popular with players.
“You knew the guy could really
relate to people,” said Florida’s
defensive coordinator, Dan
Quinn, who coached at Hofstra
from 1996 to 2000. “He had an in-
stant way of talking with people
and getting connected that was
really disarming.”
He grew to love the X’s and
O’s, the game planning and the
problem solving that fit naturally
with his calculative background.
He learned he liked coaching,
planning out speeches in position
meetings like a day’s lesson in
the classroom. 
“I can remember sitting in
Kyle’s meetings and thinking,
This is good stuff,” Delaware
Coach K.C. Keeler said. “Kyle
was entertaining, captivating,
but at the same time he was get-
ting his message across probably
as clearly as any assistant I’ve
had in 20 years as a head football
coach.”
It was not until his third or
fourth year at Rutgers that Flood
said he began to observe more
closely how Schiano led his pro-
gram. Schiano was meticulous in
his organizational habits — he
used to orchestrate the position-
ing of each of the seven cameras
filming practices — and that pre-
paredness rubbed off on Flood.
Now,every morning,when he
arrives in his dimmed corner of-
fice, littered with empty Diet
Mountain Dew bottles, Flood
closes his eyes and “walks” the
building in his mind, going down
a mental checklist of each person
he needs to speak with and each
task he needs to accomplish — a
technique he adopted from Schia-
no.
“It takes a lot of discipline to do
it,” Flood said. “And with the
movement, the hustle and bustle
of camp, it’s easy to forget to do
it.”
He sat at the desk and cued up
the day’s PowerPoint presenta-
tion on the flat screen. He was
days away from his first game as
a Division I head football coach,
but he could hardly contain his
excitement as he flipped through
the screens, imagining how he
would use them as a tool to teach.
“That’s my fun these days,”
Flood said. “I’ve got high-level
PowerPoints, man.”
Now the Rutgers Coach, but Still a Teacher
JULIO CORTEZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Rutgers Coach Kyle Flood gave up teaching high school math in 1997 so he could become the running backs coach at Hofstra.
Careers may change,
but old job habits
often remain.
By JOHN GODFREY
Jurgen Klinsmann has shown
that he can lead the United States
men’s soccer team to historic
road wins over powerhouse
squads like
Italy and
Mexico.
But he has
not been able to secure a victory
away from home when it really
matters:during World Cup quali-
fying.
Despite taking a lead in the
first minute of play, the United
States lost to Jamaica, 2-1,on Fri-
day night  in a sloppy match at
National Stadium in Kingston, Ja-
maica. The United States
dropped  behind  first-place   Ja-
maica, into a tie with Guatemala,
in its qualifying group. 
The Americans now have one
win, one loss and one tie in this
stage. The top two teams ad-
vance to the final round of re-
gional qualifying.
It was a disappointing result
for an American team still riding
an emotional high after defeating
Mexico last month. That win, the
United States’ first over El Tri on
Mexican soil, suggested the
Americans were on the upswing.
Their performance Friday night
indicated otherwise.
“Jamaica deserved that win,”
Klinsmann told reporters. “They
were hungrier, and they were
more determined.” 
The United States started the
contest in a familiar 4-4-2 align-
ment but without many familiar
names. Landon Donovan and Mi-
chael Bradley are both nursing
injuries. The veteran right back
Steve Cherundolo had injured his
calf and did not make the roster,
while Klinsmann left a healthy
Carlos Bocanegra on the bench.
The omissions did not seem to
bother the Americans early. Just
a few seconds after the opening
whistle, midfielder Maurice Edu
sent a lovely through ball down
the right flank to Herculez Go-
mez. He took a shot that Jamai-
can goalkeeper Dwayne Miller
blocked, but he gathered up the
rebound and shot again. 
This time Gomez’s    strike
bounced off a Jamaican defender
and landed at Clint Dempsey’s
feet 10 yards from the goal.
Dempsey coolly scored with his
left foot.
The United States  looked un-
beatable for the next quarter-
hour.Michael Parkhurst sent in
crosses from the right flank, Go-
mez and Edu charged forward,
and Dempsey helped open space.
But the Jamaicans soon found
their feet, and they began to re-
tain possession and dictate the
tempo of the game. They  also
took advantage of United States
midfielder Kyle Beckerman’s dis-
astrous first half.
At the 16-minute mark, a slop-
py Beckerman pass deep in the
United States half gifted Jamai-
ca’s Rodolph Austin a scoring op-
portunity. Austin’s 30-yard shot
flew a few feet over the crossbar.
A few minutes later, Becker-
man fouled a Jamaican attacker
25 yards fromthe goal. On the en-
suing spot kick, Beckerman leapt
into the air as Austin shot low.
The ball ricocheted off Becker-
man’s calf, bounced away from
goalkeeper Tim Howard and
dribbled into the back of the net.
Buoyed, Jamaica took control
and exposed the Americans’
weakness in the middle. The
United States did display a spark
right before halftime. In the 44th
minute, Edu connected with
Parkhurst on the right wing,and
he sent a cross that found Demp-
sey in front of goal. Dempsey’s
sliding shot was on target,but a
sprawling Miller parried it away.
The Reggae Boyz picked up
where they left off after the
break, pushing forward and pin-
ning the Americans in their own
half. The United States  broke
down again in the 62nd minute.
This time it was Edu who fouled a
Jamaican attacker about 25 yards
from the goal. Jamaica’s Luton
Shelton took the spot kick and
beat Howard cleanly, putting the
home team ahead to stay.
As the game wore on, it be-
came evident that the Americans
missed Bradley’s ball-winning
skills, tenacity and vision. It also
became clear that these two
teams do not like each other. El-
bows and late hits flew through-
out the second half, and the refer-
ees struggled to keep the peace.
The two teams will square off
again Tuesday night in Colum-
bus, Ohio.
Jamaica Turns Back U.S. 
In First of Two Qualifiers
By KAREN CROUSE
CARMEL, Ind. — He was in-
side the ropes, with the best van-
tage point to view two superstar
golfers at their grinding bests, un-
bothered by the officious state
troopers and overbearing mar-
shals who have overrun Crooked
Stick Golf Club this week. 
Nick Watney, the third wheel in
a pairing with Tiger Woods and
Rory McIlroy, wished he had
made a few more putts, but be-
yond that he could not have asked
for a better first two days at the
BMW Championship. 
“It was very motivating,” Wat-
ney said of playing with Woods
and McIlroy, who were tied with
Ryan Moore at 12-under-par 132,
one stroke behind the 36-hole
leader, Vijay Singh. Woods carded
a five-under 67, one stroke better
than McIlroy and one behind
Moore. The best round of the day
belonged to Bill Haas, who tied
the course record with a 64. 
After shooting a 69, Watney
was tied for 33rd, at five under,
and was left to ponder all the bird-
ie putts he left on the course. “I
guess those guys took them all,”
he joked, referring to Woods and
McIlroy. 
To play alongside them, Wat-
ney said, “is a benchmark.” 
He added: “You don’t get bet-
ter than those two. The way they
play, that’s my goal.” 
Watney, the winner of the first
leg of the FedEx Cup playoffs, the
Barclays, two weeks ago, has
broad shoulders and a tapered
waist, same as Woods and McIl-
roy, the former and current world
No. 1s. With their athletic phy-
siques, they epitomize their era,
as does the trimmed-down but de-
cidedly less sculptured sexage-
narian Roger Maltbie, who was
following the group and providing
updates for the Golf Channel. At
the eighth hole, Maltbie, a former
touring pro, was walking ahead of
the three players when one man
in the gallery pointed to him and
said to a friend, “That’s what golf-
ers used to look like.” 
Singh played a significant role
in ushering in the tour’s fitness
revolution, as did Woods, who has
said that in his early years on the
tour, Singh was the only other
player he would run into while
lifting weights. Asked recently
how he manages to compete with
competitors half his age, Singh
said, “I guess I just outwork ev-
erybody else.” 
This is the third time in three
months that Singh has been atop
the leader board at a tour event.
He was ahead after the first
round of the Greenbrier Classic in
July and after the second round of
the PGA Championship in Au-
gust. Singh, who won the FedEx
Cup in 2008, sandwiched between
Woods’s wins, said, “I’ve been
playing well for two days for a
while now, but I need four good
days of playing.” 
Asked why he has struggled to
string together four good rounds,
Singh said: “I don’t know. I guess
I want it so bad that I get in my
own way, so I just have to get out
of my own way and just play.” 
The longer the hole at Crooked
Stick, the straighter Singh has
played it. He is eight under on the
par 5s. So is McIlroy, who eagled
the 530-yard ninth when he fol-
lowed a 307-yard drive with a fair-
way wood that stopped five feet
from the pin. 
For the weekend golfer, one
well-struck shot can erase the
memory of a hundred bad ones. Is
it the same when you’re the world
No. 1? 
“Those are the shots that keep
us coming back as well,” McIlroy
said. “You still get a real big sense
of satisfaction when you pull a
shot off like that,because it’s ex-
actly what you see before you hit
the shot and then you execute it.” 
Not all of McIlroy’s shots were
so well struck. He missed five
fairways, which was why he was
in a rush after his round to hit
shots on the practice range before
the darkening skies opened up.
As much as an inch and a half of
rain was forecast. 
The threat of bad weather
doused the tournament’s best-
made plans, which was to send
twosomes off the first tee for Sat-
urday’s third round, including
Woods and McIlroy in the penulti-
mate pairing. With images of
washed-out bunkers and fairway
debris dancing in their heads, the
tournament officials decided to
delay the third round’s start and
send threesomes off both tees. 
So instead of playing with
Woods, McIlroy will be paired
with Singh and Moore. Singh,
who has 34 career tour victories,
was asked what advantage a 49-
year-old has over a 23-year-old. “I
don’t know,” he said. “We’ll find
out during the weekend.” 
McIlroy joked that Mother Na-
ture could assist Father Time in
catching up with Singh. “It’s so
soft this week,” he said with a
twinkle in his eye. “I hope his legs
get tired over the weekend.”
BRENT SMITH/REUTERS
Vijay Singh led the BMW Championship after two rounds.
Nick Watney, left, said he was motivated by playing with Tiger
Woods and Rory McIlroy, who each were a shot off the lead.
Big Names
At Top Offer
Inspiration
SCOTT HALLERAN/GETTY IMAGES
G O L F
‘I can remember sitting in Kyle’s meetings and thinking, “This is good stuff.” ’
Delaware Coach K.C. KEELER
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D3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
Each week, two of college’s football’s sea-
soned observers, Pre-Snap Read’s Paul Myer-
berg and Robert Weintraub of Football Outsid-
ers, get together over e-mail to discuss the big-
gest games and story lines around the country.
What’s up, Rob?
It’s 2011 all over again. Alabama is the
best team in college football. Louisiana State’s
just behind. Oklahoma State is the highest-
scoring team in the country. (Even if the Cow-
boys scored 84 points on Savannah State.)
What was striking to me through the season’s
first weekend was just how little has changed.
It looks as if the eight-month layoff has not af-
fected the Football Bowl Subdivision’s power
structure. 
Two teams stood out: Alabama and Ore-
gon. The Crimson Tide dismantled Michigan,
41-14, with a deviously simple blueprint: make
Denard Robinson beat us. To do so, Nick
Saban and Kirby Smart, Alabama’s defensive
coordinator, forced the senior quarterback to
move the ball through the air, not with his legs.
The result? Robinson completed 11 of 26 at-
tempts for 200 yards and a pair of intercep-
tions. With Robinson completely neutralized,
the Wolverines never had a chance. 
And Oregon? Ignore the final score; the
Ducks beat Arkansas State, 57-34, but it was
50-3 with seven minutes left in the first half. As
good as Oregon has looked in the past — and
Oregon has looked pretty good under Chip
Kelly — this year’s offense, led by the redshirt
freshman quarterback Marcus Mariota and
the sophomore running back-wide receiver
De’Anthony Thomas, will be the best in pro-
gram history. 
Talk to you soon, Paul.
Hey Paul,
Let’s not forget Southern California. I
talked last week about Matt Barkley and Mar-
qise Lee, and they hooked up for a 75-yard
touchdown on the first play from scrimmage of
the season! It’s hard to see either the Trojans
or the Ducks being slowed until they face one
another. 
Poor Savannah State now ventures to
Florida State, where it is a mere 70›-point un-
derdog. While many may wonder if the Semi-
noles can cover that historically large spread,
I’m more concerned about their long-term
chances now that the standout sackmeister
Brandon Jenkins is lost for the season with a
foot injury. Certainly the Atlantic Coast Con-
ference title remains a viable goal, but can
they still run the table without their best pass
rusher? Meanwhile, this is the week the
Southeastern Conference expansion becomes
real, with Georgia flying out to tangle with
Missouri and Florida visiting Texas A&M.
Georgia’s defense, hampered by suspensions,
will have a big challenge with Missouri quar-
terback James Franklin, but might get motiva-
tion from Tigers defensive tackle Sheldon
Richardson, who disparaged the Bulldogs
style as “old-man football.” 
Sincerely, Rob.
Rob,
“Old-man football” has won the last six
national championships, by the way. If any-
thing, Georgia’s offensive philosophy is far
flashier than the offenses at Alabama and
L.S.U., which embody substance winning over
style. Missouri and Texas A&M’s initial foray
into the SEC is the story of the day. 
How about Texas A&M? New head coach
(Kevin Sumlin). New offensive coordinator
(Kliff Kingsbury). New defensive coordinator
(Mark Snyder). New offense (the Air Raid).
New defense (the 3-4). New conference (SEC).
A&M could have used last week’s game
against Louisiana Tech to help get on the same
page before its conference opener; the game
was postponed because of Hurricane Isaac. 
Now, the big question: After four teams
lost to F.C.S. opponents over the opening
weekend, which teams should we place on up-
set alert for Saturday? 
Paul,
Certainly South Carolina has to be consid-
ered upset bait against East Carolina, mainly
because of quarterback Connor Shaw’s injured
shoulder. And my heart is with my alma mater,
Syracuse, to pull the monster upset of U.S.C. in
New Jersey. But an upset is unlikely. Amid the
usual early season beatdowns lurks an inter-
esting game in Pasadena, Calif., where Ne-
braska visits U.C.L.A. Nebraska quarterback
Taylor Martinez looked vastly improved in his
mechanics and accuracy, throwing five touch-
down passes against Southern Mississippi.
But their leading rusher, Rex Burkhead, has a
sprained knee and may not play. Neither team
is Rose Bowl material, but this is a decent Big
Ten-Pac 12 warm-up.
HARRY HOW/GETTY IMAGES
MIKE STONE/REUTERS
By TIM ROHAN 
NASHVILLE —  A certain brand of
optimism had been required for
James Franklin to forgive his father,
to forget their past. But now it was be-
ing tested. In his father’s new home,
Franklin listened to his father’s new
wife deny his father’s sins against
him, his sister and their mother. 
Then Franklin’s father, also named
James, stopped her. It was true, he
said. He had done awful things to his
former wife and their two children. A
proud, stubborn man who was now
defeated and dying, Franklin finally
admitted this to his son. He was pain-
fully frail, an oxygen tank by his side,
cancer attacking his spine and lungs.
Still, a sense of righteousness filled
the younger Franklin. He wanted his
mother and sister to feel it too.  
Within a month, his father would be
dead. But not before Franklin recruit-
ed him to visit their old home in Lang-
horne, Pa., where his father’s alcohol-
ism and violence had ruined a mar-
riage and nearly destroyed his family.
 
It was 1997 and James was 25, old
enough to use his way with words for
a purpose, old enough to understand a
son’s urge to know his father. They
had reconnected two years earlier, af-
ter James had reached out to his fa-
ther. 
So long before the younger Frank-
lin’s enthusiasm would rejuvenate a
dormant Vanderbilt football program,
he helped his father into the car. 
His sister, Debbie, and their mother,
Jocelyn, were sitting on the porch
when they arrived. Nearly a decade
had passed since Jocelyn, a vivacious,
headstrong woman, had made her
husband leave for good, ending their
on-again, off-again dance. She be-
lieved in her family and thought she
had no other choice.  
There, on the porch, Franklin’s fa-
ther apologized. After that, Franklin
recalled, his mother let go of any bit-
terness toward his father. His sister
would regret not showing him more
compassion in the final months of his
life. Franklin does not go into great de-
tail about that day on the family’s
porch, saying he wanted to respect
the privacy of his parents, both now
dead. But just before the start of this
season, he spent 15 minutes telling his
Vanderbilt team about his past.  
For weeks, he had asked his players
to stand and talk about their families,
their role models, their challenges.
Players opened up. They learned each
other’s histories, had shed tears, per-
haps because they had trusted Frank-
lin. Now it was his turn. 
“I just talked about why I am the
way I am,” Franklin said.
ANew Challenge
Franklin had been the offensive co-
ordinator at Maryland and Kansas
State  before becoming the Commo-
dores’ coach before last season. He
did that despite people warning him,
“You can’t win at Vanderbilt.”
 To a point,Franklin listened —
about the 4 bowl appearances in 121
years, the 2 winning seasons in the
last 35 years — so he could under-
stand and learn from the past. Then
he stopped, so his own optimism
would not be poisoned. He hired
young assistants, who would not put
much credence in the program’s mori-
bund history. 
If given the time and resources,
Franklin believed he could win at Van-
derbilt, the only private institution in
the Southeastern Conference. 
“This university had to get comfort-
able with athletic success,” David Wil-
liams, the athletic director, said.
“When I came here there,was some
people who thought that being suc-
cessful in athletics said something
negatively about your academic suc-
cess. I never got that.” 
In 2003, E. Gordon Gee, then the
university’s president, restructured
the athletic department and redefined
it as a division of student life. Gee had
Williams, then a vice chancellor, serve
as the “quasi-athletic director,” and
the university’s general counsel, so
neither job received his undivided at-
tention.       
When Franklin arrived, however, he
sought it. He needed only one meeting
to persuade Williams to build a $31
million indoor practice facility. After
Franklin went 6-6 in his first regular
season, earning a bowl berth, he made
personal visits to donors, and Vander-
bilt raised $17 million in four months, a
figure previously unheard of.  
In July, the athletic department was
reassembled as its own entity and
Williams was named athletic director. 
   
“You get wrapped up in his ex-
citement,” Williams said of Franklin.
“And his excitement is not naked ex-
citement. It’s not just excitement to be
excited. It has a purpose to it. It has a
beginning and an end to it, and it’s in-
fectious. And you get caught in it. And
you understand things that you may
have forgotten, like, you can power
success through a lot of other things.”
    
When Franklin arrived at Vander-
bilt, he said that nobody wanted to
take responsibility for the condition of
the football program. “Well, that had
nothing to do with me,” was what he
heard again and again. The negativity
overwhelmed him: there were doubt-
ers on the team, on campus, in his own
athletic department. 
Franklin began working to change
that. He came up with a slogan, “An-
chor Down,” and a symbol,
“V-U,” made by holding his thumb, in-
dex and middle fingers spread apart.
He featured the anchor as the team’s
symbol and painted everything he
could black and gold.  
Those cosmetic changes and Frank-
lin’s demanding style were easier to
accept once the Commodores won six
games, quarterback Jordan Rodgers
said.  
Before, it had been common for
Rodgers to go unnoticed on campus. 
“It was such a joke if you went to
the games,” Paige Cahill, a senior,
said. “It was sad,because I’m a foot-
ball fan, to hear somebody laughing,
‘Oh, you’re going to the game?’” 
Undeterred, Franklin visited every
fraternity and sorority three times,
telling them to take pride in the team,
their university. It became cool to go
to games, and Rodgers is now hound-
ed by his fellow students. Still, Rodg-
ers said, “Coach Franklin’s the rock
star on campus.” 
Many students watched the You-
Tube videos Franklin posted of him
surprising the team with a dodge ball
tournament or with a bowling outing.
The videos humanized the coach and
his team. Recruits saw the videos and
the success, and now they listened
when Franklin visited their homes. He
presented what he called a logical ar-
gument: why wouldn’t they want to
play right away in the SEC, receive a
quality education and make history at
Vanderbilt?  
“He has a way with words, not in a
way to trick you, but he makes you re-
alize there are bigger things in life
than football,” said Caleb Azubike,
who chose Vanderbilt over Alabama
and Georgia and is a member of the
highly ranked 2012 recruiting class.  
Franklin said: “I’ve been told that
we’re not doing a whole lot different
than what’s been done in the past
around here. But maybe our convic-
tion and our passion and maybe the
way we’re telling our story, people can
visualize it a little easier.” 
Struggles on the Home Front
On the night Franklin explained his
past to his team, he did not have time
for every intimate detail. As how in
high school, when his mother separat-
ed from his father, he was, perhaps
like some of them, talented, but imma-
ture. His mother cleaned other peo-
ple’s homes and worked in his school
as a hall aide, but found time to cheer
for her son at his football games.  
In school, Franklin used his way
with words to get out of doing home-
work. He would always have a tale to
spin when he had dinner with his
teammate Jason Bowman, who lived
nearby. The Bowmans could not tell
anything was amiss at home, certainly
not by the stories that spilled out of
Franklin or the jokes he told.     
“No one pushed or taught this char-
acter — he just had it,” said Gary Bow-
man, Jason’s father, and the superin-
tendent of the school district Franklin
attended. “If you want a story retold,
he could embellish it to make it the
funniest story around.    
“He had such a wonderful person-
ality that he almost made it realistic.”
 On the night Franklin explained
his past to his team, he did not have
time to explain how his mother left
her home in Manchester, England, to
elope with a member of the United
States Air Force. They moved to
Pennsylvania to start a family. And
when she summoned the courage to
leave the man she had invested every-
thing in, she was alone, except for her
daughter, who stayed to help pay the
bills, and her son, who left to play
quarterback at East Stroudsburg, less
than two hours away.         
At home during the summer, Frank-
lin worked multiple jobs to contribute.
But when he left, he felt guilty, had a
sense of homesickness, his mother
and sister left behind and trying to
stay afloat. They once had to hide
their mother’s car in a neighbor’s
backyard so it would not be repos-
sessed, and the Bowmans once paid
his mother’s taxes so she would not
lose the house.  
With that in mind, Franklin ma-
tured. He majored in psychology and
then carved out a career coaching
football. He put his head down and
plowed ahead, as his mother had, be-
cause even if Franklin shared a name
with his father, and looked more like
him each year, he was his mother’s
voluble, driven son. 
On the night the 40-year-old Frank-
lin explained his past to his team, he
worried. He asked his wife, Fumi, if he
had been too vulnerable. She said no.
His players would respect him for it,
perhaps play harder for him because
of it, and James agreed. 
Two days later, he stood in Vander-
bilt Stadium pointing out the physical
progress of his first 20 months here.
Over there was the new turf, and the
new scoreboard, and the new lights
for prime-time games on national tele-
vision, and then there was the new,
grassy hill in the north end zone. 
Fumi and their youngest daughter,
Addison, ran around the field. Their
oldest daughter, Ava, had started kin-
dergarten. This felt like home. Often
Franklin and his family eat together in
the renovated athletic dining hall, be-
cause he wants to be the father he
never had.  
His daughters have chased each
other through the new football meet-
ing rooms. Already, Franklin has
achieved a status that if he requests
something reasonable, Williams said,
there is no pushback. It is the same
with Franklin’s players, who under-
stand that once his sentimental side is
gone he expects effort. 
“You can be hard on people, as long
as you love them hard too,” Franklin
said.  
But Franklin’s optimism and pa-
tience, his energy and his words, can
only power Vanderbilt for so long.
Last season’s 6-7 finish, after its bowl
game loss, was still a losing season.
And last week’s close call, a 17-13 loss
to No. 9 South Carolina, was still a
loss. The Commodores get another
chance Saturday night at Northwest-
ern.  
Just as he did for his father, Frank-
lin has strengthened his team’s con-
viction and driven it to where it needs
to be. Taking the final steps, staring
down the past, and following through
will now be Commodores’ most formi-
dable act.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHRISTOPHER BERKEY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Vanderbilt Coach James Franklin shared his relationship with his father after asking his players to discuss their families and role models. 
Building Ties by Opening Up
Franklin led Vanderbilt, the only private institution in the
Southeastern Conference, to a 6-7 record in his first season.
With Dashes of Insight and Optimism,
Vanderbilt Coach Revives a Moribund Program
C O L L E G E F O OT BA L L

The Quad
College Letter Men
Alabama con-
trolled Denard
Robinson. Be-
low, U.S.C.’s
Matt Barkley.
D4
ØØ
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
S C O R E B OA R D
T E NNI S U.S. O P E N
For seven years now, the very best men’s
players have monopolized the Grand Slam
trophies. Either Roger Federer won, or Ra-
fael Nadal won, or Novak Djokovic won.
Simple as that. The rest of the field played
in both the same tournament and another
stratosphere.
So went this era of modern
tennis.
The so-called Big Three
collected 29 of the previous
30 major titles before this
United States Open, from the
French Open in 2005 to Wim-
bledon in 2012. In each of those Slams, ei-
ther Federer or Nadal advanced to the
semifinals. More often than not, both did.
That streak will end Saturday. This final
four features the defending champion in
Djokovic and the most recent Olympic gold
medalist in Andy Murray. Instead of the in-
jured Nadal or the defeated Federer, the
semifinals will also showcase Tomas Ber-
dych and David Ferrer.
The wider question is what these semi-
finals say about men’s tennis. Is it indica-
tive of the depth on the ATPTour, a sign
that the Big Three’s stranglehold has weak-
ened? Or is it simply an aberration, a result
of Nadal’s knee injury and a bad quarterfi-
nal matchup for Federer in Berdych?
“I honestly don’t know this,” said Janko
Tipsarevic, who fell to Ferrer in the quar-
terfinals. “Players get injured. Tomas
played flawless. So it is surprising, but in a
way, it’s not really surprising.”
As Tipsarevic continued, he sounded
hopeful, if not entirely convinced. “I mean, I
guess it’s good news for the rest of us,” he
added. “But I honestly don’t know. It’s just
one tournament.”
Either way, the top of the ATPlandscape
has shifted more than usual throughout the
year. Djokovic triumphed at the Australian
Open, his third major title in a row. Nadal,
as usual, dominated the French.Federer
and Murray both completed a summer for
the ages. Federer won Wimbledon and re-
turned to No. 1. Djokovic fell to No. 2. Mur-
ray seized Olympic gold. Should he make
the Open final, he will ascend to No. 3.
Nadal, meanwhile, will miss the rest of 2012.
Confused yet?
All four seem capable when healthy of
winning Grand Slam tournaments, of
reaching No. 1. All four seem vulnerable,
too, and the Open provided proof of that,
along with proof that there are more than
four players on the Tour capable of winning
a major tournament.
One of them is Berdych, increasingly
kryptonite for Federer. On Thursday,
Federer did not lose so much as Berdych
beat him. Berdych’s serve kept Federer on
the defensive, and Berdych continued to at-
tack, even after he dropped the third set.
That Berdych again knocked out Feder-
er, same as at Wimbledon in 2010, did not
shock the other players. “For maybe some
people it was surprising to see Roger lose,
because he’s been so consistent and domi-
nant in the last couple of years,” Djokovic
said. “But Berdych deserved to win. I’ve
never seen him play that well.”
Berdych, too, bristled at a perceived lack
of respect. To an innocuous question about
recent upsets by players from his Czech
Republic, including the less-heralded Lukas
Rosol, Berdych scoffed, “Well, I just hope
you’re not comparing me with Lukas
Rosol.”
Berdych continued: “Is it something
wrong that we are from Czech and beating
big guys?No? Good. O.K.”
Berdych will play Murray in the first
semifinal Saturday, which was moved up to
11 a.m. because of rain expected later in the
day. Their contest contains one of the more
interesting subplots, in that Berdych would
become the third Czech man to reach the
United States Open final, after Jan Kodes
and Ivan Lendl, who is Murray’s coach.
The second semifinal pits Djokovic
against Ferrer, who slid into the fourth seed
when Nadal withdrew before the tourna-
ment began. Djokovic toppled Juan Martín
del Potro in the quarterfinals, in a three-set
victory that felt more like a five-setter, in a
match Djokovic described afterward as
“much closer and tougher than really the
score indicated.”
Ferrer, meanwhile, is the fifth best player
in the world, which is sort of like being the
best sushi in Arkansas. He holds an 18-3
record in Grand Slam tournaments this
season, his best, compiled at age 30. His
five titles this year rank second only to
Federer’s six, and Ferrer won at least one
championship on each surface.
Yet Ferrer says he still walks around
Manhattan largely unnoticed, more proof of
the gap between the four best players and
the rest of the tour. An upset of Djokovic
would change that.
“He’s one of the biggest competitors we
have in the game,” Djokovic said. “People
overlook him. But he has been one of the
most consistent players on the tour. You
need to earn your points against him.”
For all the unfamiliarity of Saturday’s
semifinals, Djokovic emerged in recent
days as the tournament favorite. Should he
win, he would add to the Big Three’s streak
and, with two Grand Slam titles, challenge
Federer for player of the year honors.
For now, then, the state of men’s tennis
remained unanswered, change possible,
but not certain.
Questions Atop Men’s Game
As Big Three Thins to Djokovic
SUZY ALLMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
BEN SOLOMON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
BEN SOLOMON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The U.S. Open semifinals will have a little different lineup, featuring, clockwise
from top left, Andy Murray, Tomas Berdych, Novak Djokovic and David Ferrer.
GREG
BISHOP 
ON
TENNIS 
TRACK AND FIELD
Merritt Sets Hurdles World Mark
Aries Merritt of the United States set a
world record of 12.80 seconds in the 110-
meter hurdles Friday, upstaging Usain
Bolt’s routine 100-meter victory in the final
Diamond League meet of the season in
Brussels.
Merritt, the Olympic champion, shot out
of the blocks, did not touch any of the hur-
dles and lunged at the line with both arms
flung backward to slice 0.07 of a second off
the mark set by Dayron Robles of Cuba four
years ago.Bolt ran a controlled race to
win the 100 in 9.86 seconds.
(AP)
SOCCER
Italy and Bulgaria Tie
Italy was held to a 2-2 tie by Bulgaria in its
opening World Cup qualifier. A rare mistake
by goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon let Stanislav
Manolev put Bulgaria in front. However,
Pablo Osvaldo scored his first two interna-
tional goals to give Italy a 2-1 halftime lead.
Georgi Milanov tied the score for Bulgaria
in the 66th minute. 
(AP)
¶ There were jubilant scenes in Reykjavik
as Iceland sealed a surprising 2-0 victory
over its Scandinavian neighbors Norway in
a World Cup qualifier behind goals from
Kari Arnason and Alfred Finnbogason. 
(REUTERS)
CYCLING
Leader Contador Loses Time
Alberto Contador lost 17 seconds of his over-
all lead with only one day of real racing left
in the Vuelta a España. He leads Alejandro
Valverde by 1:35. Joaquim Rodríguez is 2:21
behind in third before the mountain stage
Saturday. Philippe Gilbert won Friday’s 111-
mile stage. 
(AP)
BASKETBALL
Knicks Lose Brewer for 6 Weeks
Ronnie Brewer, the Knicks’ likely starter at
shooting guard, will be out for six weeks af-
ter having arthroscopic knee surgery.
Brewer needed the surgery to repair a me-
dial meniscus tear in his left knee, an injury
that occurred sometime in the last two
weeks, according to the team. He will prob-
ably miss the first three weeks of training
camp, as well as the Knicks’ first three pre-
season games. N.B.A. camps open on Oct. 2. 
The Knicks are hoping that the defensive-
minded Brewer can fill in as the starter until
Iman Shumpert returns from knee surgery
sometime in January. 
HOWARDBECK
¶ Epiphanny Prince scored 30 points to lead
the Chicago Sky to a 92-83 win over the Lib-
erty in Newark.Chicago moved a half game
past the Liberty for the fourth and final
playoff spot in the East.Cappie Pondexter
scored 24 points on 7-for-19 shooting to lead
the Liberty (11-17). 
(AP)
S P O RT S B R I E F I NG 
BASEBALL
M.L.B. CALENDAR
Oct. 5 — Postseason begins, wild-card 
playoffs.
TENNIS
U.S. OPEN
The USTA Billie Jean King National 
Tennis Center
NEW YORK
Singles
Women Semifinals
Victoria Azarenka (1), Belarus, d. Maria 
Sharapova (3), Russia, 3-6, 6-2, 6-4. Serena 
Williams (4), United States, d. Sara Errani 
(10), Italy, 6-1, 6-2. 
Doubles
Men Championship
Bob and Mike Bryan (2), United States, d. 
Leander Paes, India, and Radek Stepanek 
(5), Czech Republic, 6-3, 6-4. 
U.S. OPEN SCHEDULE
Arthur Ashe Stadium
Play begins at 11 a.m. EDT
Men's Singles Semifinals: Tomas Berdych 
(6), Czech Republic, vs. Andy Murray (3), 
Britain
Men's Singles Semifinals, not before Noon: 
David Ferrer (4), Spain, vs. Novak Djokovic 
(2), Serbia
Night Session (7 p.m.)
Women's Singles Final: Victoria Azarenka 
(1), Belarus, vs. Serena Williams (4), United 
States 
SATURDAY
 7:05 Yankees (Sabathia (L), 13-4, 3.42) 
at Baltimore (Saunders (L), 7-11, 4.26)
 4:05 Kansas City (Chen (L), 10-11, 
5.28) at Chicago (Sale (L), 15-6, 2.93)
 7:10 Toronto (Romero (L), 8-13, 5.85) 
at Boston (Matsuzaka (R), 1-4, 6.15)
 7:10 Cleveland (McAllster (R), 5-6, 4.26) 
at Minnesota (De Vries (R), 4-5, 4.41)
 7:10 Texas (Darvish (R), 14-9, 4.29) at 
Tampa Bay (Archer (R), 0-2, 3.09)
 9:05 Detroit (Verlander (R), 13-7, 2.73) 
at Los Angeles (Wilson (L), 11-9, 3.85)
 9:10 Oakland (Anderson (L), 3-0, 0.90) 
at Seattle (Iwakuma (R), 6-3, 3.14)
SATURDAY
 4:05 Atlanta (Medlen (R), 7-1, 1.56) at 
Mets (Hefner (R), 2-5, 4.52)
 1:05 Miami (Buehrle (L), 12-12, 3.73) 
at Washington (Detwiler (L), 9-6, 3.15)
 4:05 Los Angeles (Capuano (L), 11-10, 
3.63) at San Francisco (Cain (R), 13-5, 2.98)
 7:05 Colorado (Chatwood (R), 4-4, 5.53) 
at Philadelphia (Hamels (L), 14-6, 3.04)
 7:05 Chicago (Smardzija (R), 8-13, 3.91) 
at Pittsburgh (McDonald (R), 12-7, 3.90)
 7:10 Houston (Norris (R), 5-11, 4.80) at 
Cincinnati (Arroyo (R), 11-7, 3.76)
 7:15 Milwaukee (Fiers (R), 8-7, 3.11) at 
St. Louis (Westbrook (R), 13-10, 3.93)
 8:35 Arizona (Miley (L), 14-9, 2.90) at 
San Diego (Kelly (R), 1-0, 3.86)
A.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Yankees 78 60 .565 —
Baltimore 77 61 .558 1
Tampa Bay 76 62 .551 2
Boston 63 76 .453 15
{
Toronto 62 75 .453 15
{
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 74 63 .540 —
Detroit 73 63 .537 
{
Kansas City 62 76 .449 12
{
Cleveland 59 79 .428 15
{
Minnesota 56 82 .406 18
{
West W L Pct GB
Texas 82 56 .594 —
Oakland 76 60 .559 5
Los Angeles 74 63 .540 7
{
Seattle 67 71 .486 15
FRIDAY
Yankees 8, Baltimore 5
Tampa Bay 3, Texas 1, 11 innings
Toronto 7, Boston 5
Cleveland 7, Minnesota 6
Kansas City 7, Chicago White Sox 5
Detroit at L.A. Angels
Oakland at Seattle
N.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Washington 85 53 .616 —
Atlanta 79 60 .568 6
{
Philadelphia 67 71 .486 18
Mets 65 73 .471 20
Miami 62 77 .446 23
{
Central W L Pct GB
Cincinnati 83 56 .597 —
St. Louis 74 63 .540 8
Pittsburgh 72 65 .526 10
Milwaukee 67 70 .489 15
Chicago 52 86 .377 30
{
Houston 43 95 .312 39
{
West W L Pct GB
San Francisco 77 60 .562 —
Los Angeles 73 65 .529 4
{
Arizona 68 70 .493 9
{
San Diego 64 74 .464 13
{
Colorado 56 81 .409 21
FRIDAY
Atlanta 3, Mets 0
Chicago Cubs 12, Pittsburgh 2
Philadelphia 3, Colorado 2
Miami 9, Washington 7, 10 innings
Houston 5, Cincinnati 3
Milwaukee at St. Louis
Arizona at San Diego
L.A. Dodgers at San Francisco
PRO FOOTBALL
N.F.L. STANDINGS
AMERICAN CONFERENCE
East W L T Pct PF PA
Buffalo 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Miami 0 0 0 .000 0 0
N. England 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Jets 0 0 0 .000 0 0
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Indianapolis 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Jacksonville 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Tennessee 0 0 0 .000 0 0
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Cincinnati 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Cleveland 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Pittsburgh 0 0 0 .000 0 0
West W L T Pct PF PA
Denver 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Kansas City 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Oakland 0 0 0 .000 0 0
San Diego 0 0 0 .000 0 0
NATIONAL CONFERENCE
East W L T Pct PF PA
Dallas 1 0 0 1.000 24 17
Phila. 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Washington 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Giants 0 1 0 .000 17 24
South W L T Pct PF PA
Atlanta 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Carolina 0 0 0 .000 0 0
New Orleans 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Tampa Bay 0 0 0 .000 0 0
North W L T Pct PF PA
Chicago 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Detroit 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Green Bay 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Minnesota 0 0 0 .000 0 0
West W L T Pct PF PA
Arizona 0 0 0 .000 0 0
San Fran. 0 0 0 .000 0 0
Seattle 0 0 0 .000 0 0
St. Louis 0 0 0 .000 0 0
WEDNESDAY 
Dallas 24, Giants 17
SUNDAY 
Buffalo at Jets, 1
Indianapolis at Chicago, 1
Jacksonville at Minnesota, 1
Miami at Houston, 1
New England at Tennessee, 1
Washington at New Orleans, 1
Atlanta at Kansas City, 1
St. Louis at Detroit, 1
Philadelphia at Cleveland, 1
Seattle at Arizona, 4:25
San Francisco at Green Bay, 4:25
Carolina at Tampa Bay, 4:25
Pittsburgh at Denver, 8:20
MONDAY 
Cincinnati at Baltimore, 7
San Diego at Oakland, 10:15
N.F.L. INJURY REPORT
BUFFALO AT  JETS
BILLS: QUESTIONABLE: WR Stevie Johnson 
(groin). PROBABLE: WR Brad Smith (groin), 
G Kraig Urbik (low back). JETS: OUT: T 
Dennis Landolt (knee), S Eric Smith (hip, 
knee). QUESTIONABLE: DE Mike DeVito 
(calf), TE Dustin Keller (hamstring), DT 
Sione Po'uha (low back). PROBABLE: 
LB Nick Bellore (shoulder), S Josh Bush 
(concussion), LB David Harris (ankle), WR 
Stephen Hill (calf), WR Santonio Holmes 
(ribs), S LaRon Landry (heel), CB Ellis 
Lankster (quadriceps), RB Joe McKnight 
(hamstring), G Brandon Moore (hip), WR 
Chaz Schilens (ankle), LB Bryan Thomas 
(ankle).
SOCCER
M.L.S. STANDINGS
EAST W L T Pts GF GA
Sporting KC 15 7 5 50 34 24
New York 13 7 7 46 46 39
Houston 12 7 9 45 40 33
Chicago 13 8 5 44 35 31
Columbus 12 9 6 42 33 32
D.C. 12 10 5 41 43 38
Montreal 12 14 3 39 43 46
New England 7 14 7 28 35 38
Philadelphia 7 13 5 26 25 30
Toronto FC 5 16 6 21 30 48
WEST W L T Pts GF GA
San Jose 16 6 5 53 56 33
Real Salt Lake 14 11 4 46 38 33
Seattle 12 6 8 44 41 27
Los Angeles 13 11 4 43 48 40
Vancouver 10 11 7 37 29 37
FC Dallas 8 12 9 33 34 38
Colorado 9 17 2 29 36 41
Chivas USA 7 11 7 28 20 39
Portland 7 14 6 27 27 46
Saturday’s Games
Chivas USA at Seattle FC, 4 p.m.
GOLF
BMW CHAMPIONSHIP
Crooked Stick Golf Club Course
CARMEL, IND.
Purse: $8 million
Yardage: 7,497; Par: 72
Second Round
Vijay Singh. . . . . . . . . . .65-66—131 -13
Ryan Moore  . . . . . . . . . .66-66—132 -12
Rory McIlroy. . . . . . . . . .64-68—132 -12
Tiger Woods. . . . . . . . . .65-67—132 -12
Lee Westwood  . . . . . . . .68-65—133 -11
Bo Van Pelt  . . . . . . . . . .64-69—133 -11
Seung-Yul Noh  . . . . . . . .68-66—134 -10
Graham DeLaet. . . . . . . .64-70—134 -10
Graeme McDowell . . . . . .68-67—135 -9
Dustin Johnson. . . . . . . .68-67—135 -9
Bill Haas  . . . . . . . . . . . .71-64—135 -9
Padraig Harrington. . . . . .70-65—135 -9
Tom Gillis. . . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -8
Robert Garrigus. . . . . . . .67-69—136 -8
Ian Poulter. . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8
Adam Scott  . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8
John Huh. . . . . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -8
Zach Johnson. . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -8
Phil Mickelson. . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -8
Troy Matteson. . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -8
Chris Kirk. . . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8
Justin Rose  . . . . . . . . . .67-70—137 -7
Rickie Fowler  . . . . . . . . .67-70—137 -7
Louis Oosthuizen. . . . . . .68-69—137 -7
Martin Laird  . . . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -7
Charl Schwartzel. . . . . . .69-68—137 -7
Brendon de Jonge. . . . . .71-66—137 -7
Luke Donald. . . . . . . . . .66-72—138 -6
Brandt Snedeker. . . . . . .69-69—138 -6
Ben Crane . . . . . . . . . . .67-71—138 -6
Kyle Stanley. . . . . . . . . .68-70—138 -6
Sergio Garcia  . . . . . . . . .69-69—138 -6
Ernie Els  . . . . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5
Geoff Ogilvy. . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5
Ben Curtis  . . . . . . . . . . .70-69—139 -5
John Senden. . . . . . . . . .70-69—139 -5
Jason Dufner  . . . . . . . . .72-67—139 -5
Webb Simpson  . . . . . . . .64-75—139 -5
Jim Furyk. . . . . . . . . . . .69-70—139 -5
Nick Watney. . . . . . . . . .70-69—139 -5
David Hearn. . . . . . . . . .69-70—139 -5
Ryan Palmer. . . . . . . . . .66-73—139 -5
Matt Every. . . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5
PRO BASKETBALL
W.N.B.A. STANDINGS
EASTERN CONFERENCE
 W L Pct GB
x-Connecticut 20 8 .714 —
x-Indiana 18 9 .667 1
{
Atlanta 15 14 .517 5
{
Chicago 11 16 .407 8
{
New York 11 17 .393 9
Washington 5 23 .179 15
WESTERN CONFERENCE
 W L Pct GB
x-Minnesota 23 4 .852 —
x-Los Angeles 20 9 .690 4
x-San Antonio 17 10 .630 6
Seattle 12 14 .462 10
{
Phoenix 7 20 .259 16
Tulsa 6 21 .222 17
x-clinched playoff spot
Friday's Games
Phoenix 91, Connecticut 82
Los Angeles 96, Washington 68
Chicago 92, New York 83
Minnesota 97, Atlanta 93, OT
Indiana 82, San Antonio 78
WORLD CUP QUALIFYING
Home nations listed first
North and Central America and Caribbean
Third Round
Group A
Guatemala 3 . . .  Antigua and Barbuda 1
Jamaica 2 . . . . . . . . . . . United States 1
Group B
Costa Rica 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico 2
El Salvador 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guyana 2
Group C
Canada 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Panama 0
Cuba 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Honduras 3
Europe
First Round
Group A 
Croatia 1. . . . . . . . . . . . .  Macedonia 0
Wales 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Belgium 2
Group B
Malta 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Armenia 1
Bulgaria 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy 2
Group C
Kazakhstan 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Ireland 2
Germany 3 . . . . . . . . . . Faroe Islands 0
Group D
Andorra 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hungary 5
Estonia 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romania 2
Netherlands 2 . . . . . . . . . . . .  Turkey 0
Group E
Iceland 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Norway 0
Slovenia 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland 2
Albania 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyprus 1
Group F
Russia 2 . . . . . . . . . . Northern Ireland 0
Azerbaijan 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Israel 1
Luxembourg 1 . . . . . . . . . . .  Portugal 2
Group G
Liechtenstein 1. . . . . . . . . . . .  Bosnia 8
Latvia 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Greece 2
Lithuania 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Slovakia 1
A.L. WILD-CARD STANDINGS
(Top 2 teams qualify)
 W L Pct WCGB
Oakland 76 60 .559 —
Baltimore 77 61 .558 —
Tampa Bay 76 62 .551 1
Los Angeles 74 63 .540 2{
Detroit 73 63 .537 3
N.L. WILD-CARD STANDINGS
(Top 2 teams qualify)
 W L Pct WCGB
Atlanta 79 60 .568 —
St. Louis 74 63 .540 —
Los Angeles 73 65 .529 1{
Pittsburgh 72 65 .526 2
YANKEES 8, ORIOLES 5
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter ss 5 1 3 1 0 0 .320
Swisher rf-1b 4 1 0 0 0 1 .261
Cano 2b 3 1 0 0 1 1 .301
Al.Rodriguez dh 4 1 2 2 0 2 .277
R.Martin c 4 1 1 3 0 0 .204
Granderson cf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .231
An.Jones lf 2 1 1 0 0 0 .206
Ibanez ph-lf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .227
Dickerson lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .286
Pearce 1b 2 1 1 2 0 0 .253
I.Suzuki ph-rf 2 1 1 0 0 0 .268
McGehee 3b 2 0 0 0 0 0 .178
Er.Chavez ph-3b 1 0 0 0 0 1 .280
J.Nix ph-3b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .253
Totals 36 8 9 8 1 8
Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg.
Markakis rf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .297
Hardy ss 4 1 1 0 0 0 .232
McLouth lf 4 1 3 0 0 0 .266
Ad.Jones cf 4 1 1 3 0 2 .288
Wieters c 4 0 0 0 0 0 .238
Mar.Reynolds 1b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .233
C.Davis dh 4 0 0 0 0 2 .256
Machado 3b 4 1 2 1 0 0 .293
Andino 2b 4 1 1 1 0 2 .220
Totals 36 5 8 5 0 8
New York 000 520 001—8 9 1
Baltimore 000 003 101—5 8 0
E—Swisher (4). LOB—New York 3, 
Baltimore 4. 2B—McLouth 2 (8). HR—R.
Martin (16), off W.Chen; Pearce (4), off 
W.Chen; Al.Rodriguez (16), off W.Chen; 
Ad.Jones (29), off P.Hughes; Andino (7), off 
Eppley; Machado (4), off R.Soriano. RBIs—
Jeter (47), Al.Rodriguez 2 (48), R.Martin 
3 (43), Pearce 2 (16), Ad.Jones 3 (74), 
Machado (14), Andino (25).
New York ip h r er bb so np era
P.Hughes W14-12 6 6 3 2 0 5 95 4.13
Eppley 
Í/¯
 1 1 1 0 0 4 3.40
Logan H18 1 0 0 0 0 0 13 3.78
D.Robertson H24 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 1 4 2.74
R.Soriano 1 1 1 1 0 2 13 2.06
Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era
W.Chen L12-9 4
Î/¯
 6 7 7 1 4 68 4.06
S.Johnson 3 1 0 0 0 3 38 2.57
Matusz 
Î/¯
 1 1 1 0 1 9 5.28
Ayala 
Î/¯
 1 0 0 0 0 7 2.62
T—2:45. A—40,861 (45,971).
RAYS 3, RANGERS 1
Texas ab r h bi bb so avg.
Kinsler 2b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .267
Andrus ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .296
Hamilton cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .289
Beltre 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .319
N.Cruz rf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .258
Mi.Young dh 4 1 1 1 0 1 .269
Dav.Murphy lf 3 0 1 0 1 1 .316
Moreland 1b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .285
L.Martinez c 3 0 0 0 0 1 .111
Profar ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .400
Soto c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .221
Totals 35 1 5 1 1 13
Tampa Bay ab r h bi bb so avg.
De.Jennings lf 5 0 0 0 0 3 .252
B.Upton cf 3 1 1 0 2 2 .252
Zobrist ss 4 1 1 2 1 2 .266
Longoria 3b 4 1 1 1 0 2 .290
Keppinger 1b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .324
C.Pena 1b 1 0 0 0 0 1 .190
B.Francisco dh-rf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .246
R.Roberts 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .217
C.Gimenez c 2 0 0 0 1 0 .216
Thompson pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .105
J.Molina c 1 0 1 0 0 0 .206
Fuld rf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .299
E.Johnson ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .242
W.Davis p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .500
Totals 35 3 5 3 4 16
Texas 000 010 000 00—1 5 0
Tampa Bay 000 100 000 02—3 5 0
LOB—Texas 2, Tampa Bay 6. HR—
Mi.Young (7), off Hellickson; Longoria (11), 
off D.Holland; Zobrist (16), off M.Lowe. 
RBIs—Mi.Young (59), Zobrist 2 (60), 
Longoria (40). SB—B.Upton (28). CS—Dav.
Murphy (4). DP—Tampa Bay 2
Texas ip h r er bb so np era
D.Holland 8 2 1 1 2 11 116 4.59
Uehara 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 1 2 14 2.42
Kirkman 1 2 0 0 0 3 23 3.73
Scheppers 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 4 4.13
M.Lowe L0-1 0 1 2 2 1 0 11 2.61
Tampa Bay ip h r er bb so np era
Hellickson 6 4 1 1 1 5 95 3.33
Farnsworth 1 0 0 0 0 0 7 2.49
Jo.Peralta 1 0 0 0 0 2 11 3.63
Rodney 1 0 0 0 0 1 14 0.70
W.Davis W3-0 2 1 0 0 0 5 31 2.21
T—3:32. A—19,545 (34,078).
BRAVES 3, METS 0
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourn cf 3 0 1 0 1 0 .283
Re.Johnson lf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .305
Venters p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Overbay ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .283
O'Flaherty p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Kimbrel p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
C.Jones 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .300
F.Freeman 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .264
Prado ss-lf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .294
Heyward rf 4 1 2 1 0 0 .277
Uggla 2b 4 2 2 1 0 0 .209
D.Ross c 3 0 0 1 0 0 .266
Maholm p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .074
Durbin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Avilan p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .333
Constanza ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .220
Janish ss 0 0 0 0 0 0 .189
Totals 33 3 7 3 1 4
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
R.Cedeno ss 4 0 1 0 1 2 .275
Dan.Murphy 2b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .288
D.Wright 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .312
Hairston rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .268
I.Davis 1b 2 0 0 0 2 1 .223
Shoppach c 4 0 1 0 0 1 .275
Bay lf 3 0 0 0 1 1 .165
An.Torres cf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .225
Valdespin cf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .238
Ju.Turner ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .288
F.Lewis cf 0 0 0 0 1 0 .000
Niese p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .188
Duda ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .237
Parnell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Mejia p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Baxter ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .283
Totals 33 0 5 0 5 11
Atlanta 000 100 101—3 7 1
New York 000 000 000—0 5 1
E—C.Jones (10), Shoppach (3). LOB—
Atlanta 5, New York 11. 2B—Uggla (24). 
HR—Heyward (25), off Niese; Uggla (18), 
off Mejia. RBIs—Heyward (70), Uggla (65), 
D.Ross (19). SF—D.Ross.
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Maholm W12-9 5
Í/¯
 5 0 0 3 6 104 3.67
Durbin H13 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 1 6 3.27
Avilan H2 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 3 2.13
Venters H18 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 3.33
O'Flaherty H25 1 0 0 0 1 2 22 2.03
Kimbrel S35-38 1 0 0 0 1 2 15 1.20
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Niese L10-9 6 5 1 1 1 2 100 3.47
Parnell 1 1 1 0 0 1 15 2.88
Mejia 2 1 1 1 0 1 23 4.50
T—2:56. A—24,071 (41,922).
ASTROS 5, REDS 3
Houston ab r h bi bb so avg.
Altuve 2b 2 1 1 0 0 0 .290
Dominguez 3b 3 1 2 3 0 0 .344
Paredes rf-2b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .188
Wallace 1b 4 0 1 0 1 1 .286
Maxwell cf 5 1 1 2 0 1 .227
F.Martinez lf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .205
Bogusevic pr-rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .210
M.Downs 3b-2b 2 0 0 0 0 2 .201
J.Castro ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .263
B.Barnes lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .167
C.Snyder c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .192
Greene ss 4 1 1 0 0 1 .226
Harrell p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .170
J.Schafer ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .214
Storey p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
W.Wright p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Ambriz p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
J.D.Martinez ph 1 1 1 0 0 0 .237
W.Lopez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 37 5 9 5 1 11
Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg.
B.Phillips 2b 5 1 2 0 0 1 .295
Heisey cf 5 2 3 0 0 1 .294
Votto 1b 1 0 0 0 3 0 .344
Ludwick lf 3 0 1 2 1 1 .277
Bruce rf 4 0 1 1 0 0 .265
Frazier 3b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .288
D.Navarro c 4 0 1 0 0 2 .290
W.Valdez ss 3 0 0 0 0 0 .192
Cairo ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .178
H.Bailey p 3 0 0 0 0 2 .117
Marshall p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Broxton p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
A.Chapman p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Paul ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .321
Totals 34 3 10 3 4 7
Houston 200 000 003—5 9 0
Cincinnati 200 010 000—3 10 2
E—H.Bailey (3), Frazier (7). LOB—Houston 
8, Cincinnati 8. 3B—Heisey (5). HR—
Maxwell (14), off H.Bailey; Dominguez (2), 
off A.Chapman. RBIs—Dominguez 3 (4), 
Maxwell 2 (41), Ludwick 2 (74), Bruce (94). 
SB—Altuve (29), Bogusevic (14).  DP—
Houston 3
Houston ip h r er bb so np era
Harrell 6 7 3 3 4 5 105 3.83
Storey 1 1 0 0 0 1 19 3.00
W.Wright 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 7 3.53
Ambriz W1-0 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 1 7 5.14
W.Lopez S3-6 1 2 0 0 0 0 8 2.43
Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era
H.Bailey 6
Î/¯
 5 2 2 1 9 117 4.03
Marshall H19 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 8 2.92
Broxton H8 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 1 13 3.86
ChpmnL5-5BS5 1 4 3 3 0 1 23 1.61
T—3:16. A—23,785 (42,319).
MARLINS 9, NATIONALS 7
Miami ab r h bi bb so avg.
Petersen lf 4 2 1 0 2 1 .216
Ruggiano cf 5 2 2 0 1 1 .321
Reyes ss 6 2 3 3 0 0 .284
Stanton rf 5 1 2 2 1 2 .285
Ca.Lee 1b 4 0 1 2 0 0 .274
Dobbs 3b 6 1 3 0 0 2 .302
D.Solano 2b 5 0 2 1 0 0 .291
Gaudin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Cishek p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Brantly c 3 1 1 1 2 1 .265
Ja.Turner p 3 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Zambrano p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .176
Webb p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
M.Dunn p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Kearns ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .248
A.Ramos p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Do.Murphy 2b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .204
Totals 43 9 16 9 6 7
Washington ab r h bi bb so avg.
Werth rf 5 1 1 0 1 1 .315
Harper cf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .260
Zimmerman 3b 5 1 2 2 0 2 .285
LaRoche 1b 4 1 1 0 1 0 .270
Morse lf 5 1 2 2 0 1 .290
Desmond ss 5 1 3 0 0 0 .292
Espinosa 2b 5 1 1 1 0 3 .258
K.Suzuki c 4 1 1 1 1 0 .265
Strasburg p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .277
C.Brown ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .176
Duke p 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Lombardozzi ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .281
Mattheus p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Storen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Tracy ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .278
Clippard p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Mic.Gonzalez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Bernadina ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .303
Totals 43 7 13 6 3 9
Miami 212 100 000 3—9 16 1
Washington 200 000 310 1—7 13 0
HR—Brantly (2), off Strasburg; Stanton 
(31), off Strasburg; Zimmerman (19), off 
Ja.Turner; Morse (13), off A.Ramos. RBIs—
Reyes 3 (52), Stanton 2 (76), Ca.Lee 2 (65), 
D.Solano (18), Brantly (3), Zimmerman 2 
(78), Morse 2 (49), Espinosa (51), K.Suzuki 
(14). SB—D.Solano 2 (7), Brantly (1). 
Miami ip h r er bb so np era
Ja.Turner 6 4 2 2 1 3 81 5.29
Zambrano 0 3 3 3 0 0 6 4.49
Webb H9 
Í/¯
 1 0 0 0 0 3 4.30
M.Dunn H17 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 1 9 3.96
A.Ramos BS1-1 1 2 1 1 0 1 12 4.50
Gaudin W3-1 1 0 0 0 1 1 17 4.48
Cishek S13-17 1 3 1 1 1 3 24 2.56
Washington ip h r er bb so np era
Strasburg 3 6 5 5 3 2 67 3.16
Duke 4 3 1 1 2 3 75 2.25
Mattheus 1 2 0 0 0 2 19 2.57
Storen 1 2 0 0 0 0 12 3.44
Clippard L2-4 
Î/¯
 3 3 3 1 0 21 3.19
Mic.Gonzalez 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 2 2.51
T—3:44. A—28,533 (41,487).
KINGSMILL CHAMPIONSHIP 
Kingsmill Resort, River Course
WILLIAMSBURG, VA.
Purse: $1.3 million
Yardage: 6,384; Par: 71
Second Round
Jiyai Shin. . . . . . . . . . . .62-68—130 -12
Danielle Kang. . . . . . . . .67-64—131 -11
Dewi Claire Schreefel. . . .66-66—132 -10
Paula Creamer  . . . . . . . .65-67—132 -10
Lexi Thompson . . . . . . . .67-66—133 -9
Azahara Munoz. . . . . . . .65-68—133 -9
Stacy Lewis  . . . . . . . . . .69-65—134 -8
Maria Hjorth  . . . . . . . . . .65-69—134 -8
Jodi Ewart  . . . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -7
Candie Kung. . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -7
Chella Choi. . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -7
Ai Miyazato. . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -7
Jennifer Johnson. . . . . . .66-69—135 -7
Jennifer Song. . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -7
Mi Jung Hur. . . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -6
Victoria Tanco. . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -6
Sandra Gal. . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -6
BLUE JAYS 7, RED SOX 5
Toronto ab r h bi bb so avg.
Lawrie 3b 5 2 1 0 0 1 .281
Rasmus cf 5 2 2 2 0 2 .227
Encarnacion 1b 3 1 1 2 1 1 .283
Y.Escobar ss 4 0 2 1 0 0 .253
Lind dh 4 0 0 0 0 1 .228
Arencibia c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .239
K.Johnson 2b 3 1 0 0 1 1 .225
Sierra rf 2 1 1 2 2 1 .258
Gose pr-rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .198
R.Davis lf 4 0 1 0 0 3 .245
Totals 34 7 8 7 4 11
Boston ab r h bi bb so avg.
Podsednik lf 5 0 2 0 0 1 .329
Pedroia 2b 4 1 1 2 0 0 .290
Ellsbury cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .257
C.Ross rf 3 0 1 0 1 0 .279
Loney 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .275
Saltalamacchia c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .225
Lavarnway c 1 0 0 0 0 0 .167
Aviles ss 2 1 0 0 2 0 .253
Ciriaco 3b 3 1 0 0 1 0 .307
Kalish dh 2 1 1 0 0 0 .222
M.Gomez ph-dh 2 1 2 3 0 0 .302
Totals 33 5 7 5 4 3
Toronto 101 210 002—7 8 1
Boston 000 010 112—5 7 1
E—Y.Escobar (11), Ciriaco (5). LOB—
Toronto 5, Boston 5. 2B—Lawrie (21), 
C.Ross (29). 3B—Rasmus (5). HR—
Encarnacion (38), off Doubront; Sierra 
(4), off Doubront; Rasmus (22), off Bard; 
Pedroia (13), off Delabar; M.Gomez (2), off 
Lyon. RBIs—Rasmus 2 (71), Encarnacion 2 
(97), Y.Escobar (45), Sierra 2 (8), Pedroia 
2 (57), M.Gomez 3 (11). SB—Gose 2 (12), 
Aviles (14), Ciriaco (11). SF—Encarnacion. 
DP—Toronto 2
Toronto ip h r er bb so np era
Alvarez W8-12 6
Í/¯
 4 2 2 2 1 91 4.95
Oliver 
Î/¯
 1 0 0 0 0 4 1.65
Delabar H8 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 3.70
Lyon 1 1 2 2 1 1 20 2.95
Boston ip h r er bb so np era
Doubront L10-8 4 6 5 5 2 4 84 5.21
Mortensen 2 1 0 0 0 4 32 2.12
C.Carpenter 1 0 0 0 1 1 14 0.00
R.Hill 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 2.25
Bard 1 1 2 2 1 2 25 5.59
T—3:08. A—37,156 (37,067).
ROYALS 7, WHITE SOX 5
Kansas City ab r h bi bb so avg.
L.Cain cf 5 2 2 3 0 2 .256
A.Escobar ss 4 0 2 0 1 0 .292
A.Gordon lf 5 0 2 0 0 1 .298
Butler dh 5 1 1 0 0 0 .309
S.Perez c 3 2 2 2 1 0 .313
Moustakas 3b 3 1 0 0 1 0 .251
Francoeur rf 4 0 1 1 0 2 .233
Hosmer 1b 2 0 0 1 1 1 .242
Giavotella 2b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .230
Totals 35 7 11 7 4 7
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
De Aza cf 3 1 2 0 1 1 .281
Jo.Lopez 3b 5 0 0 0 0 1 .246
Wise lf 4 1 2 1 1 2 .289
Konerko 1b 5 0 2 1 0 1 .308
Olmedo pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .286
Rios rf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .297
Pierzynski c 4 1 2 1 0 0 .283
Jor.Danks pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .228
Flowers c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .230
D.Johnson ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .429
Viciedo dh 3 1 1 0 0 0 .255
Al.Ramirez ss 3 1 2 2 0 1 .273
Beckham 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .232
Totals 37 5 12 5 2 10
Kansas City 020 012 002—7 11 0
Chicago 100 112 000—5 12 0
LOB—Kansas City 6, Chicago 10. 2B—A.
Gordon (46), Francoeur (20), De Aza (26), 
Al.Ramirez (22). 3B—Wise (2). HR—S.
Perez (9), off Liriano; L.Cain (6), off 
Liriano; L.Cain (7), off A.Reed; Pierzynski 
(25), off Mendoza; Wise (7), off Mendoza; 
Al.Ramirez (9), off Mendoza. RBIs—L.
Cain 3 (28), S.Perez 2 (30), Francoeur 
(36), Hosmer (57), Wise (22), Konerko (65), 
Pierzynski (72), Al.Ramirez 2 (65). S—
Al.Ramirez. SF—Hosmer. DP—Kansas City 
1; Chicago 2
Kansas City ip h r er bb so np era
Mendoza 5
Í/¯
 10 5 5 1 3 93 4.63
Collins 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 3.20
Crow 
Î/¯
 1 0 0 0 1 12 3.38
K.Herrera W2-2 1 0 0 0 1 1 11 2.42
G.Holland S12-14 1 1 0 0 0 3 19 2.79
Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
Liriano 5 6 5 5 4 4 91 5.25
N.Jones 1 2 0 0 0 0 14 2.86
Veal 
Í/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 2 1.08
Crain 
Î/¯
 0 0 0 0 0 5 2.89
Thornton 1 0 0 0 0 2 13 3.49
A.Reed L3-2 1 3 2 2 0 1 13 4.56
T—3:02. A—26,660 (40,615).
COLLEGE FOOTBALL
FRIDAY'S SCORES
EAST
Assumption 24, St. Anselm 14
SUNY Maritime 20, Mass. Maritime 14
FAR WEST
Utah St. 27, Utah 20, OT 
Ø
N
D5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
T E NNI S U.S. O P E N
By PETER LATTMAN
Every fall, Columbia Law
School admits a few hundred stu-
dents to its prestigious master’s
program. This year’s crop in-
cludes a civil rights activist from
Armenia, a terrorism-finance ex-
pert from Bangladesh and a Cro-
atian lawyer with a win over Rog-
er Federer. 
Had things worked out differ-
ently, Mario Ancic, the lawyer,
would have spent the past two
weeks grinding it out on the hard-
courts at the United States Open.
Instead, he has been holed up in
the Columbia law library, poring
over his contracts casebook.
“I’m trying to be prepared for
every class,” Ancic said. “The
professors here use the Socratic
method of teaching, so they can
call on you at any time.”
Not long ago, Ancic, 28, had dif-
ferent concerns. He was a semifi-
nalist at Wimbledon in 2004. The
next year he became a hero in
Croatia after helping the nation
win the Davis Cup. With his
6-foot-5 frame and booming
serve, Ancic achieved a peak
ranking of No. 7 after reaching
the quarterfinals of Wimbledon
and the French Open in 2006.
“The future of tennis has ar-
rived — and his name is Mario
Ancic,” Boris Becker, the German
champion, once said.
Born in the Mediterranean city
Split, Ancic (pronounced An-
CHITCH) was the world’s No.
1-ranked junior at 16. He burst
onto the pro tour two years later,
defeating Federer on Centre
Court at Wimbledon in 2002.
“This wasn’t the Roger Feder-
er that we know today,” said
Ancic, reluctantly discussing his
famous victory. (Federer went on
to win the next five Wimbledons
and seven over all.)
But almost from the outset of
his career, Ancic had to battle
more than just his opponents.
There were persistent shoulder
problems and chronic back pain.
A glandular fever sidelined him
for the better part of two years.
Doctors eventually diagnosed a
severe strain of mononucleosis.
The endless string of ailments
forced Ancic to hang up his rack-
et at 26.
“I had to retire early, and that’s
life,” he said. “You try to deal
with it and fight through it, but at
some point you need to turn the
page and move on to something
else.”
That something else was law.
Raised in a family that empha-
sized education, Ancic enrolled at
the University of Split while re-
covering from his injuries. After
earning a doctorate in law and
passing the local bar exam, he
was hired as a junior lawyer by
Savoric & Partners, one of Cro-
atia’s top law firms.
Ancic decided to pursue a mas-
ter’s degree in the United States
after spending a few months on a
research project at Harvard Law
School. He was supervised by Pe-
ter A. Carfagna, an adjunct Har-
vard professor who once was the
top lawyer at IMG, the sports
management firm that represent-
ed Ancic. He presented a paper
on the legal ramifications of dop-
ing in professional tennis that
Carfagna said was of publishable
quality.
“This might sound clichéd, but
the way Mario approached his
training as a professional tennis
player is how he’s approaching
his legal career,” Carfagna said.
“He’s like a sponge, indefatiga-
ble, and intensely committed to
be the best lawyer he can be.”
Ancic, who once resided in
Monte Carlo, a European tax ha-
ven, now lives with a roommate
in a small two-bedroom apart-
ment on 127th Street. After com-
pleting the one-year Master of
Laws program, he said, he might
stay in New York and try to find a
job at a big corporate firm before
returning to Croatia. Sports law
excites Ancic; he also has consid-
ered politics or becoming a judge.
He remains passionate about
tennis and wants to stay connect-
ed to the sport. At Columbia, that
will not be a problem: the uni-
versity’s tennis team has already
sniffed him out.
A few weeks ago, Katarina
Kovacevic, a player on the wom-
en’s squad, was strolling through
campus when she spotted a shirt-
less Ancic sitting on a bench.
Kovacevic, who is the daughter of
Serbian immigrants and grew up
in Queens, introduced herself
speaking in Serbo-Croatian and
explained that she had once been
a ball girl for one of his United
States Open matches. She en-
couraged him to come out to the
Columbia courts. Ancic linked up
with Haig Schneiderman, the
men’s team captain last year,
who is trying to make it as a pro,
and the two have hit together a
few times.
Howard Endelman, a former
Columbia tennis star who is the
associate men’s coach, said his
players were salivating over
Ancic’s surprise arrival on cam-
pus.
“Law school can be brutal,”
said Endelman, a former lawyer
himself. “That said, the prospect
of Mario working out with our
guys is very exciting.”
Ancic found it amusing that the
Open was getting under way just
as he arrived in New York. Last
weekend, between study ses-
sions, he went to Flushing Mead-
ows to support his countryman
Marin Cilic. He also stopped by
the stadium to watch his old rival
Federer.
“There are a bunch of guys like
Roger who are older than me and
still playing at a championship
level,” Ancic said. “But everyone
has their own story, and I’m real-
ly happy with mine.”
Athlete-Turned-Student Leaves Tennis Courts Behind for the Courtrooms
CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mario Ancic, who reached No. 7 in the world rankings, is pursuing a master’s degree in law.
A lawyer who once
defeated Federer at
Wimbledon.
a hot, humid afternoon, the
match became a test of wills as
much as a test of tennis. When
Sharapova’s final shot sailed
long, giving Azarenka the final
necessary break of serve, she re-
acted as much with relief as tri-
umph. She did muster a little
dance at the net after shaking
Sharapova’s hand.
Azarenka’s advance looked
completely unlikely when Shara-
pova dominated the start of the
first set, breaking Azarenka in
her first two service games. It ap-
peared Sharapova would get re-
venge for Azarenka’s lopsided
victory the last time they met in a
major final, at the Australian
Open. But Azarenka has mas-
tered the art of digging in.
“Maria is such a great player; I
knew she would come out firing,”
Azarenka said. “She was placing
all her shots and played great. I
was just trying to find my rhythm
and just fight with all my heart.
“I was just trying to grab the
first opportunity.”
In the end, Sharapova’s bigger
game translated into 44 winners
to Azarenka’s 19, but she also had
42 unforced errors to Azarenka’s
19. Sharapova’s serve produced 8
aces but 10 double faults. The er-
rors eventually did her in against
an opponent unwilling to give
away a single point.
“I was not trying to focus on
the score,” Azarenka said. “I was
trying to give whatever it takes. I
know my opponent is going to
play hard, but I am going to play
harder. I guess that works for me
to pull it out.”
Azarenka has not lost a three-
set match this year, which might
explain the grueling nature of the
third set. She refused to give Sha-
rapova an easy win in a service
game. Despite falling behind,
40-0, in a few of them, she turned
them into long battles. The third
set lasted 1:14 on its own.
“I think I gave her too many
free points,” Sharapova said.
“This type of match and these
circumstances, if you’re not
putting that much pressure on
your opponent, it’s a difficult situ-
ation to go into, definitely.”
Azarenka, 23, is trying to add a
second major to her amazing
year. Her title in Australia deliv-
ered her to the No. 1 ranking for
the first time. She also improved
her career record against Shara-
pova, a former No. 1, to 6-4.
Azarenka’s record against Wil-
liams is not so stellar. Williams,
who has already won Wimbledon
and an Olympic gold medal this
summer, has won 9 of their 10
meetings, including a dominating
6-1, 6-2 victory in the Olympic
semifinals. Williams beat her in
the third round of last year’s
Open, also in straight sets.
“When I go to play against her,
I don’t think that I’m playing
against Serena; I just try to go
the same way and try to focus
more on myself,” Azarenka said.
“But you definitely know that it’s
going to be a big adversity there
on the court against you.”
Williams, 30, has displayed no
vulnerabilities in this tourna-
ment. Her closest victory was a
6-2, 6-4 victory over María José
Martínez Sánchez of Spain in the
second round. She won her quar-
terfinal match over Andrea Hla-
vackova without losing a game.
Errani had little in her game to
threaten Williams. She did not
serve a single ace in the tourna-
ment, and her fastest first serve
(93 miles per hour) barely topped
Williams’s average second serve.
As she contemplated her 19th
Grand Slam singles final after
brushing aside her latest oppo-
nent, Williams said, “I feel like I
don’t have anything to lose, and it
will be a good challenge for me.” 
BRYAN BROTHERS WIN TITLE
Bob
and Mike Bryan won the United
States Open men’s doubles title
on Friday, 6-3, 6-4, over Radek
Stepanek of Czech Republic and
Leander Paes of India.
The victory gave the Bryan
twins their 12th Grand Slam title,
the most by any team in the Open
era, which began in 1968. The
Bryans tied Tony Roche and John
Newcombe of Australia, who won
12 titles between 1965 and 1976.
In a fast-paced final between
two veteran teams, the Bryans
won by shutting down their oppo-
nents’ power, never yielding a
service break. 
JOHNMARTIN
Different Paths for Williams and Azarenka
PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Victoria Azarenka, above, had 19 unforced to Maria Sharapova’s 42, helping her to the victory.
From First Sports Page
Brothers Bob and Mike Bryan beat Radek Stepanek and Lean-
der Paes, foreground, to win the men’s doubles title.
With the second week of the
United States Open feeling ever
more like Serena Williams’s tour-
nament, Virginie Razzano
stepped off a bus and walked to-
ward the entrance to the National
Tennis Center in
peace, generat-
ing no crowd, no
autograph re-
quests, no buzz.
In May, at the
French Open,
with Williams on edge and too
often off target, Razzano was at
the epicenter of one of the biggest
shock waves in tennis history,
handing Williams the only first-
round defeat of her career in sin-
gles in a Grand Slam tournament.
Since then, Razzano, a 29-year-
old Frenchwoman, has won just
one tour-level match and slipped
to No. 130 in the rankings. Wil-
liams, meanwhile, has won Wim-
bledon, two Olympic gold medals
and six matches in intimidating,
deeply convincing fashion at the
United States Open, where she
has yet to drop a set (or play so
much as a tiebreaker) and where
she will face Victoria Azarenka in
the final on Saturday.
“I don’t think I’d be able to
beat Serena now; in fact I’m cer-
tain I wouldn’t be able to beat her
now,” Razzano said.
That is not just due to Wil-
liams’s soaring level of play, but
also due to Razzano’s own physi-
cal problems. She had to retire in
her first-round match here
against Zheng Jie of China with a
hip injury and stayed until the
second week of the Open to enjoy
New York and get treatment.
But Razzano has no doubt that
Williams has used her stunning
upset in Paris for fuel.
“It was tough for her, I think,”
Razzano said. “She wanted it,
really wanted it, and I think that I
delayed her plans because I think
her goal today is to get back to
No. 1. And if she would have won
Roland Garros, yes, and then
won Wimbledon and the Olym-
pics, she might already be No. 1. 
“And at the same time, it prob-
ably made her doubt in her head
because it’s never easy, even for
a big champion like her, to lose in
the first round of a Grand Slam.
One always asks tough questions
after that. It’s like I gave her a
big slap.”
Williams does not contest that
interpretation. After completing
her latest demolition work — a
6-1, 6-2 rout of Sara Errani in the
semifinals — she was asked
whether she would be hitting the
high notes so consistently now
without that off-key performance
in Paris.
Williams stopped eating her
postmatch sandwich for a mo-
ment.
“That’s a good question,” she
said. “I was playing pretty well
before Paris, and I had won so
many matches in a row. I was un-
defeated on clay, and I’d never
been so confident going into a
Grand Slam. Well, only a couple
times have I been that confident,
and each time I won that Grand
Slam. But as much as I hate to
lose, sometimes it’s good for my
game and my motivation, so I
think for sure that loss helped
me. But I also think it hurt me a
lot more than normal.
“I was very disappointed for
weeks and weeks, even in Wim-
bledon. My game in the begin-
ning was not good because I was
so affected by that loss. But I’m
not upset anymore because I
think so many good things have
come out of that loss.”
Among the improvements: a
new connection with Patrick
Mouratoglou, the French coach
who advised her when she
trained at his academy in the
Paris suburbs after her shocking
defeat and who is, for now, a
calming and talismanic presence.
He helped coach her at Wimble-
don and the Olympics and is play-
ing the same role at the United
States Open, which means that
he has yet to see her lose and has
often seen her win in a hurry.
“I see no difference in her level
here from the Olympics,” he said.
“Everyone said it was the grass,
and I said: ‘No, it’s not the grass.
If she plays like that on a hard-
court, it will be the same score.’
And from the beginning of the
tournament here, it’s been the
same scores as at the Olympics.”
Williams lost 17 games in six
matches at the Olympics. She has
lost 19 games in six matches at
the Open, with only the final re-
maining as she tries to win her
fourth Open singles title, and her
first since 2008.
As in London, her hallmark has
been dominance with the serve
as well as her point-by-point fo-
cus. Against Errani on Friday, al-
ready up by 6-1, 3-1, she roared
her way through a rally at 30-30,
hunching forward and screaming
after slamming a backhand win-
ner. It is as if she is afraid to take
her foot off the gas pedal for fear
of never being able to hit this
cruising speed again.
In between points, however,
she has been wearing her game
face, the introspective look that
traditionally means major trou-
ble for the opposition. The chal-
lenge now is staying in the bub-
ble at the tournament where she
has twice blown her cool in re-
cent years.
“I know if I can just stay re-
laxed and stay calm, then I’m
able to be great, and Patrick al-
ways is telling me that,” she said.
“He never in the box moves, nev-
er does anything. He’s always
really calm, and I think it’s cool. I
like it. I really do like it. I like that
calmness to my crazy because
I’m totally bananas. I think over
the past year or so I’ve really
been able to calm down.”
Not in Paris, however, where
Razzano ended up with the upset
of her life. 
“I saw her at Wimbledon, and
she gave me a very dark look,”
Razzano said with a laugh. “I
think she was still bitter and had
not processed her defeat. I can
put myself in her place and un-
derstand why. Then I saw her
again here, and you know what?
She’s still bitter.
“Either she drops the eyes, or
she looks at me, and the look ba-
sically says, ‘I can’t wait to play
you again, and this time I will
take my revenge.’ It’s not that
she will try to take it. It’s that she
will take it. Or at least that’s my
interpretation. That’s Serena.
But it’s also that, to be a cham-
pion.”
Grounded Since Victory,
While Loser Has Soared
CHRISTOPHER
CLAREY 
ON
TENNIS 
D6
ØØ
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
P RO F O OT BA L L
CA L E NDA R
Auto Racing   7:30 p.m. Sprint Cup, Federated Auto Parts 400  ABC
Baseball   4:00 p.m. Atlanta at Mets  FOX
  7:00 p.m. Yankees at Baltimore  YES
 7:00 p.m. Texas at Tampa Bay  MLB
Boxing  9:00 p.m. Olusegun Ajose vs. Lucas Matthysse, 
  super lightweights  SHOW
  9:45 p.m. Chad Dawson vs. Andre Ward, super middleweights  HBO
Football / College Noon Penn State at Virginia  ABC
 Noon Auburn at Mississippi State  ESPN
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 Noon Maryland at Temple  ESPNU
 Noon Miami at Kansas State  FX
 Noon East Carolina at South Carolina  MSG
 Noon Tulane at Tulsa  MSG+
 Noon North Carolina State at Connecticut  SNY
  3:30 p.m. Purdue at Notre Dame  NBC
  3:30 p.m. U.S.C. vs. Syracuse  ABC
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  3:30 p.m. Florida at Texas A&M  ESPN
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  3:30 p.m. Western Kentucky at Alabama  MSG
  3:30 p.m. Rice at Kansas  MSG+
  3:30 p.m. Delaware State at Delaware  NBCSN
  3:30 p.m. Howard at Rutgers  SNY
  4:00 p.m. Wisconsin at Oregon State  FX
  7:00 p.m. Washington at L.S.U.  ESPN
  7:00 p.m. Louisiana-Monroe at Arkansas  ESPNU
  7:30 p.m. Nebraska at U.C.L.A.  FOX
  7:30 p.m. Army at San Diego State  NBCSN
  7:45 p.m. Georgia at Missouri  ESPN2
  8:00 p.m. Louisiana Tech at Houston  CBSSN
 10:30 p.m. Illinois at Arizona State  ESPN
Golf  7:00 a.m. KLM Open, third round  GOLF
 Noon BMW Championship, third round  
NBC
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Soccer  6:10 a.m. Women, U-20 World Cup, final, Germany vs. U.S.  ESPNU
Tennis Noon U.S. Open, men’s semifinals  CBS
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HOME
AWAY
SUN
9/9
THU
9/13
WED
9/12
SAT
9/8
TUE
9/11
FRI
9/14
MON
9/10
This Week
METS
 
ATLANTA
 
4 p.m.
 
FOX 
 
ATLANTA
 
1 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
WASHINGTON
 
7 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
WASHINGTON
 
7 p.m.
 
SNY 
 
WASHINGTON
 
7 p.m.
 
SNY 
  
MILWAUKEE
 
8 p.m.
 
SNY 
YANKEES
 
BALTIMORE
 
7 p.m.
 
YES 
 
BALTIMORE
 
1:30 p.m.
 
 YES 
  
BOSTON
 
7 p.m.
 
CH. 9 
 
BOSTON
 
7 p.m.
 
YES 
 
BOSTON
 
7 p.m.
 
YES 
 
TAMPA BAY
 
7 p.m.
 
YES 
TV Highlights
More listings are at tvlistings.nytimes.com, under the Sports-Events category.
                                          BUFFALO
           
 JETS                        1 P.M.  SUNDAY
                       CBS
 
                                     LOS ANGELES
         
 LIBERTY        4 P.M. SUNDAY            MSG, NBA TV   
 
                                           TAMPA BAY
        
 GIANTS          1 P.M. SEPT. 16                    FOX
                                          COLUMBUS
          
  RED BULLS          7 P.M. SEPT. 15                    MSG
 
By BRETT MICHAEL DYKES
“The Saints are going to win it
all, baby,” Pat Bode, the proprie-
tor of Mugz’s Bar in the New Or-
leans suburb of Metairie, her ex-
cited eyes wide with unwavering
certainty, proclaimed to me on a
recent evening. “I got a lot of faith
in that.”
Aveteran of nine marriages
who celebrated her 79th birthday
last month with a raucous theme
party at her bar, Miss Pat, as
Mugz’s regulars like the former
Saints defensive lineman Derland
Moore have affectionately come
to know Bode, shifts effortlessly
between serving as her bar’s resi-
dent den mother and its own ver-
sion of Joan Rivers. She occasion-
ally shares unspeakably filthy
jokes with patrons as they dine on
the food she lovingly prepares for
them in her living quarters, which
are situated in the back of the bar
she opened 40 years ago — partly
with money she earned during
her years working as a dancer in
Bourbon Street gentlemen’s
clubs.
It was one week to the day after
Hurricane Isaac blew through,
and parts of the greater New Or-
leans area were still without pow-
er. The stench of decaying gar-
bage — a byproduct of a sanita-
tion department overwhelmed in
its efforts to collect the tons of
spoiled perishables in curbside
cans baking under the blistering
Louisiana sun — was becoming
increasingly familiar. 
But this particular Tuesday
also represented the eve of the
N.F.L. football season. And that
meant the Saints — specifically
how the team was going to over-
come the “unjust” adversity that
fans feel Commissioner Roger
Goodell has inflicted on it and win
the Super Bowl in New Orleans in
February — dominated conversa-
tion at Mugz’s, which is pro-
nounced Mugsy’s. 
This should hardly strike any-
one familiar with this city and the
people who inhabit it as unusual.
Perhaps more than anything,
the traits that have traditionally
defined Saints fans — and I
should know since I’ve been one
all my life — are optimism and fa-
talism. A sort of optimistic fatal-
ism, if you will. 
It’s a belief that despite the ef-
forts of diabolical forces like refer-
ees, league officials, the national
news media and others conspir-
ing against them — the current it-
eration of this brand of conspira-
torial thinking posits that the
N.F.L. is determined to not have a
team whose city is hosting the Su-
per Bowl play in that Super Bowl,
for fear of lost revenue or some-
thing — the Saints will somehow
manage to rise above it all and
win the Super Bowl. (And this
was before Friday’s ruling revers-
ing the N.F.L.’s suspensions of
four players for their purported
roles in the bounty scandal.) 
This has happened exactly
once in the team’s mostly forget-
table history, mind you, but that
has never stopped its fans from
genuinely believing that each
year will be the year. Even in the
bleakest of times, an almost ir-
rational “wait ’til next year” opti-
mism has been consistently per-
vasive. Consult the longtime
Saints fan anthem, “I Believe,” for
reference.
The tumultuous events of the
recent off-season — the bounty
scandal, accusations of wiretap-
ping — and the news media atten-
tion that followed seem to have
only fueled Saints fans’ trade-
mark optimistic fatalism to new
heights while transforming the
exiled coach Sean Payton into
some kind of football martyr. 
On Wednesday night, a group
calling itself Free Payton Air,us-
ing money collected online, com-
missioned a plane to fly a “Free
Sean Payton” banner above Met-
Life Stadium before the N.F.L.
season opener between the Gi-
ants and the Dallas Cowboys.
Similar aerial acts of solidarity
are planned for the remainder of
the season, for which Payton has
been suspended because of the
bounty scandal.
This Sunday, when the Saints
take on the Washington Redskins
in the Superdome, thousands of
fans will shun wearing traditional
fan garb like player jerseys in fa-
vor of T-shirts that bear the same
message as the banner that flew
over the stadium in New Jersey
this week.
And many of those “Free Sean
Payton” T-shirts will probably
come from Fleurty Girl, a local
apparel and accessories store
that, in the words of its owner, the
31-year-old Lauren Thom, “cele-
brates New Orleans.” In addition
to selling the T-shirts — one bear-
ing the phrase “Coachless But
Not Hopeless” is another popular
seller — Thom has had 10,000
Payton masks printed to give
away to customers. “There’s go-
ing to be a lot of coach on a stick
in that dome on Sunday,” she said,
referring to the masks. 
If any Saints fan can relate to
Payton in terms of how daunting
the N.F.L.’s wrath can be, it is
Thom. In 2009, when she had just
started her business, the league
tried to claim ownership of the
phrase “Who Dat” and bar her
from selling anything with the
longtime Saints fan rallying cry
emblazoned on it. “It was the
scariest thing in the world,” she
said. But the public outcry was so
voracious that the N.F.L. eventu-
ally backed off. 
As it turns out, the controversy
helped establish Fleurty Girl.
There are now four locations
around New Orleans. And the
Saints went on to win the Super
Bowl that year. It is this kind of
duality that has fans like Miss Pat
and Thom confident that this al-
ready tumultuous Saints season
will end in the ultimate success.
“The stars have aligned; we
will win the Super Bowl,and it
will be even sweeter than before,”
the diminutive, relentlessly up-
beat Thom told me in the back of
her store this week. “It will be
quintessential New Orleans over-
cometh. No matter what you do,
no matter what happens to us,
we’re going to rise back.” 
Back at Mugz’s, Miss Pat is
planning to cook a big pot of spa-
ghetti and meatballs — not meat
sauce, she made a point of saying
—on Sunday to serve to patrons
who drop by her bar to watch the
Saints game. Everyone is wel-
come, she told me. 
Well, everyone not named Rog-
er Goodell, that is.
THE FIFTH DOWN 
We Saints Fans
Embrace the Horror
WILLIAM WIDMER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
All of the misfortune that has befallen New Orleans and the Saints has given fans like Pat Bode a sense of optimism.
tor Stephen Burbank that said
Goodell had the complete author-
ity to impose the suspensions.
The narrow issue before the panel
was whether this was an issue of
conduct detrimental to the
league, which would fall under
Goodell’s jurisdiction, or, as the
players’ union contended, wheth-
er the offering of money to play-
ers constituted an improper pay-
ment, which would be a salary-
cap violation, the penalties for
which would be decided by an ar-
bitrator. 
The appeals panel concluded
that the bounty system the league
said was in place was a bit of both
and said the commissioner had
only the power to discipline play-
ers for the part of it that involved
an intent to injure opponents. The
panel, saying that the seriousness
of the matter merited caution be-
cause it was not clear what Goo-
dell had in mind when he issued
the discipline, instructed Goodell
to adjust his discipline according-
ly if any part of it was because he
intended to punish the players for
salary-cap violations. 
“The panel recognizes this pro-
cedure is perhaps cumbersome
but believes that it is dictated by
the architecture of the C.B.A.,
which creates a variety of exclu-
sive jurisdictions,” the ruling said. 
The decision does not affect
Coach Sean Payton, who is sus-
pended for the season; the inter-
im head coach Joe Vitt, who is
suspended for six games; or Gen-
eral Manager Mickey Loomis,
who is suspended for eight
games. 
The decision was a small set-
back for Goodell by a process put
in place by the league’s own col-
lective bargaining agreement
with the players, but it opens the
door for the league and the play-
ers to reach a settlement that
would end a contentious matter
that consumed much of the off-
season. The players have main-
tained there was never an intent
to injure opponents. They said
that money was offered only as a
reward for big hits or good
games, but not for targeting oppo-
nents for injury. 
“Thank you to everyone in-
volved in the process of this solu-
tion,” Smith wrote on Twitter.
“And everyone who supported us
through this whole ordeal.”
The ordeal is probably not close
to over. It is not clear what kind of
discipline the players would be
willing to accept if a settlement
were offered by the league, and
the players’ union — which is-
sued a statement saying it was
pleased with the decision — could
battle with the league over the
process Goodell uses to make his
new decision. Vilma’s lawyer, Pe-
ter Ginsberg, said Vilma would be
willing to meet with Goodell as
part of the process. 
“We have always taken the po-
sition that there is just and fair
resolution to this,” said Ginsberg,
who described Vilma as stunned
by the ruling. “Hopefully, this rul-
ing will give Commissioner Goo-
dell a chance to think through
what he has done and what in fact
occurred with regard to the play-
ers and what an appropriate out-
come should be. I think when the
commissioner listens to the evi-
dence and shares information, the
commissioner himself might
come to the determination that a
suspension would be inappropri-
ate. There was no bounty, there
was no intent to injure and we’re
hopeful that the process will be
helpful in getting the commission-
er to reach that decision.” 
In a memo sent to teams after
the ruling, which was obtained by
The New York Times, the league
emphasized that the ruling did
not undercut the league’s ability
to discipline players or cast doubt
on the league’s findings. 
“Nothing in today’s decision
contradicts any of the facts found
in the investigation into this mat-
ter, or absolves any player of re-
sponsibility for conduct detrimen-
tal,” wrote Jeffrey Pash, the
league’s executive vice president
and general counsel. “Nor does
the decision in any way suggest
what discipline would be appro-
priate for conduct that lies within
the authority of the commission-
er.” 
Still looming over everything is
the federal court. A district court
judge in New Orleans, Helen Ber-
rigan, said that in light of the ap-
peals court ruling, she would hold
off on a decision on the players’
requests for relief from the sus-
pensions. Berrigan heard argu-
ments in Vilma’s defamation suit
against Goodell, and she indicat-
ed then that she thought the sus-
pensions were unfair. If the play-
ers remain unhappy with the dis-
cipline after Goodell reconsiders,
they could return to Berrigan.
Suspensions Vacated for Players in Bounty Case 
JUSTIN LANE/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Anthony Hargrove (69), who had been suspended eight games,
is a free agent. Punishments for Saints officials remain in place. 
From First Sports Page
By The Associated Press
Ben Zobrist’s home run in the
bottom of the 11th inning lifted
the Tampa Bay Rays to a 3-1 vic-
tory over the Texas Rangers on
Friday night.
Zobrist’s 16th homer came off
Mark Lowe (0-1) after a leadoff
walk to B.J. Upton.
Wade Davis (3-0) got the win
after striking out five of the six
hitters he faced in the 10th and
11th innings.
The Rays’ fifth win in six
games featured a total of 29
strikeouts for both teams.
Texas starter Derek Holland
struck out a career-high 11 while
giving up only two hits and two
walks in eight innings. Holland
threw a season-high 116 pitches,
retiring five Rays in a span of
seven pitches at one point.
Evan Longoria’s fourth-inning
homer, his 11th, was the first hit
off Holland, who was trying to
win a fourth straight start for the
first time in his career.
It was the Rangers’ fourth loss
in 11 extra-inning games this sea-
son.
It was the second straight ex-
tra-inning game for the Rangers,
who arrived at their hotel at 4:40
a.m.Friday after a 5-4, 10-inning
win at Kansas City on Thursday
night.
Rays starter Jeremy Hellick-
son pitched six innings, giving up
four hits,including a home run to
Michael Young in the fifth.
It was Young’s seventh home
run and his third in the last five
days.
David Murphy walked after
Young’s homer, and then Hellick-
son and four relievers retired the
next 17 Rangers in order.
INDIANS 7, TWINS 6
Russ Canzler
hit his first major league homer,
and reliever David Huff won his
first game this season as Cleve-
land won in Minnesota.
Minnesota built an early 4-0
lead on Indians starter Jeanmar
Gomez before Canzler and Huff
(1-0) — who both spent most of
the year in Class AAA Columbus
before being called up this month
— lifted Cleveland to its fourth
win in six games.
BLUE JAYS 7, RED SOX 5
Edwin
Encarnacion hit one of Toronto’s
three homers and Henderson Al-
varez broke his six-game losing
streak for visiting Toronto.
ROYALS 7, WHITE SOX 5
Lorenzo
Cain hit two home runs, including
a tiebreaking two-run shot in the
ninth for Kansas City on the road.
Salvador Perez also hit a two-
run homer for the Royals, who
won their sixth straight against
the White Sox.
CUBS 12, PIRATES 2
Travis Wood
gave up just one hit in six in-
nings,and Chicago stopped a six-
game losing streak as host Pitts-
burgh made seven errors in its
worst defensive night in more
than a quarter-century.
The Pirates had not made sev-
en errors in a game since 1985
and finished one shy of the club
record,set in 1939. 
MARLINS 9, NATIONALS 7
Stephen
Strasburg matched his career
low by lasting only three innings
in what was probably his final
home start of the season  for
Washington. He allowed five
runs.
PHILLIES 3, ROCKIES 2
Nate
Schierholtz hit a run-scoring sin-
gle in the bottom of the ninth to
lift Philadelphia.
Pinch-hitter Laynce Nix hit a
tying, two-run double in the sev-
enth, and the Phillies won for the
10th time in 14 games.
The five-time defending Na-
tional League  East champion
Phillies are within four games of
.500 for the first time since they
were 36-40 on June 26. Jonathan
Papelbon (4-6) tossed a scoreless
ninth to earn the win.
ASTROS 5, REDS 3
Matt Domin-
guez hit a three-run homer in the
ninth inning that broke Aroldis
Chapman’s streak of 27 consec-
utive saves and powered Hous-
ton on the road.
ROUNDUP 
Pitchers’ Duel Ends Abruptly With Tampa Bay Home Run
CHRIS O’MEARA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Rays won after Ben Zobrist, right, homered in the 11th.
BAS E BA L L
ØØ
N
D7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
BAS E BA L L
at-bats. But his Atlanta Braves
shut down the Mets, 3-0, on what
was an otherwise uneventful
night at Citi Field. 
But Jones remained the story
of the weekend. He became a reg-
ular with the Braves in the
mid-1990s, and he said Friday he
initially feared New York’s
streets, its assertive  reporters
and the fans who seemed to get
angrier with every home run he
hit.(He went into Friday’s game
with a .314 batting average, 49
home runs and 158 runs batted in
against the Mets, both in Queens
and Atlanta.)
And while he shrugged off the
initial taunts he heard from Mets
fans with his aw-shucks grin, he
never tried to return the anger,
the way other players did, like his
ex-teammate John Rocker. 
“I’m one of those guys who
likes to be liked,” Jones said. “I
care what people think of me. I
care what people’s image of me
is.” 
But he also said he could un-
derstand why Mets fans got on
him in the first place, when the
Braves-Mets rivalry was at its
most intense in a period running
from 1998 to 2001.
“When I was a Dodgers fan, I
hated whoever was the Dodgers’
rival,” Jones said. “The people up
here, they bleed orange and blue.
They’re going to do whatever
they can to take the other team’s
best player out of the game. It
could be questioning the ancestry
of your mother. I’ve heard it all,
trust me, especially when I
played left field out near the
cheap seats.”
Now Jones is one of baseball’s
elder statesmen and able to ap-
preciate his ride through baseball
that will almost certainly end
with a first-ballot induction in
Cooperstown. He  says he is in
awe of the attention he has re-
By KEN BELSON
Chipper Jones said he was
asked the other day how he
would feel
about him-
self if he
were        a
Mets fan. “I would respect the
body of work,” Jones said, “but I
would hate his guts.”
Actually, Mets fans do not hate
Jones, at least not anymore.
Jones, who made a career out of
pounding Mets pitching,is retir-
ing at season’s end and this
weekend is making his farewell
visit to Queens. He is 40, he is
headed to the Hall of Fame, and
really, what’s not to admire?
So the Mets honored him with
a commemorative painting be-
fore Friday’s game,and Jones sat
and talked with reporters late in
the afternoon, reflecting on New
York City, the Mets   and, of
course, their fans.
Once he took the field, he had a
quiet night, going hitless in four
ceived this year, but he under-
stands he has earned it. He has
also come to like New York and
New Yorkers, more or less.
“For the most part, everyone’s
been very gracious, been very
nice,” Jones said with a trace of a
smirk. “I can’t tell you how many
times I’ve heard, ‘Yo Chippa,
you’re beatin’ up on my Mets,’”
he said with an imitation straight
out of Bensonhurst. “‘How you
doin’, Chippa?’”
The Braves are in the thick of
yet another playoff hunt,while
the Mets are once again going no-
where in particular, which has
taken some of the buzz off
Jones’s  farewell to Queens. But
Giovanni Cubias, who grew up in
nearby Corona, showed up Fri-
day to pay his respects.
“I know it’s his last season, so I
came to say goodbye,” Cubias, 25,
said. “Unfortunately, he beat the
Mets. I’m definitely happy he’s
retiring, but no hard feelings.”
Many fans in the modest crowd
gave Jones a brief standing ova-
tion before the game when he
stuck his head out of the visitor’s
dugout and waved his cap. He re-
ceived a round of applause when
his name was announced in the
starting lineup and another set of
cheers when he came to bat in
the first inning. This being New
York, there was also a smattering
of boos.
In many ways, Jones has been
the un-villain in New York. He
played the game well, limited his
celebrations to the dugout and
even named his son Shea in part
because of the success he had
there. At points during his career,
he wondered what it would be
like to play in New York. But the
thoughts were fleeting.
“I’m a Southern kid;I was
born into the Braves organiza-
tion,” Jones said. “I got to play ar-
guably for the best manager of all
time in Bobby Cox.”
Ultimately, he said, “it didn’t
seem like the grass was all that
greener” anywhere else.
Mets Honor a Longtime Rival, Who Returns the Love
A Sure Hall of Famer . . .
Chipper Jones of the Braves has announced he will retire after this 
season. He was one of the game’s premier switch-hitters during his 19 
seasons with Atlanta. Statistics through Thursday’s games.
RANKING AMONG SWITCH-HITTERS
. . . And a Thorn in the Mets’ Side
Jones had many memorable moments against the Mets, dashing their 
fans’ hopes at seemingly every turn. This was typified during a 
mid-September, three-game series in 1999 
when Jones may have locked up the National 
League Most Valuable Player Award.
Atlanta led the division race by just a game 
over the Mets when the series began, but 
Jones hit four home runs in a three-game 
sweep. The Braves and the Mets went on to 
meet in the 1999 postseason, and it was the 
Braves who went to the World Series, where 
they lost to the Yankees.
HOME RUNS
MOST HRS VS. METS
Mickey Mantle 536
Eddie Murray  504
Chipper Jones  468
Lance Berkman  360
Chili Davis  350
RUNS BATTED IN
Eddie Murray  1,917
Chipper Jones 1,619
Mickey Mantle  1,509
Ted Simmons  1,389
Chili Davis  1,372
HITS
Pete Rose  4,256
Eddie Murray 3,255
Frankie Frisch 2,880
Omar Vizquel 2,870
Roberto Alomar 2,724
Chipper Jones 2,714
Willie Stargell  60
Mike Schmidt  49
Chipper Jones  49
Willie McCovey  48
Hank Aaron  45
Source: Baseball-reference.com
KATHY KMONICEK/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Chipper Jones received a brief
standing ovation at the start of
his farewell visit to Queens.
BRAVES               3
METS                   0
S
AN
F
RANCISCO
Hunter Pence has not played
before an unsold seat at home all
season. He started with the Phila-
delphia Phillies, who sold out all
their games through the end of
July, when they trad-
ed him here, to the
San Francisco Giants.
The Phillies’ sellout
streak has ended, but
the Giants’ endures.
“I’ve been pretty
fortunate,” Pence said Friday.
“Both great baseball cities, and
they love the game. The fans are a
big boost; they help pick you up
every day.”
In July, Giants fans flooded the
Internet to push three of their fa-
vorites into the starting lineup for
the All-Star Game. One, Buster
Posey, has followed with a stand-
out second half and is a strong
candidate for the National
League’s Most Valuable Player
Award. Another, Pablo Sandoval,
has been the Giants’ best clutch
hitter lately.
The third, Melky Cabrera, was
suspended on Aug. 15 after test-
ing positive for testosterone. His
season was over in a flash — his
average, frozen at .346, still led
the National League before Fri-
day’s games — but the Giants
have thrived without him.
“Once we got over the shock of
it, there was nothing to do but for
Bochy to address the team and
say, ‘We’re moving forward, and
we’re counting on all of you to
move forward in the right way,’”
said Larry Baer, the Giants’ chief
executive, referring to Manager
Bruce Bochy.
“I have to say I’m so proud of
the organization and the resilien-
cy we’ve shown in a really dark
moment.”
When they learned of Cabrera’s
suspension, on the morning of
Aug. 15, the Giants were tied with
the Los Angeles Dodgers atop the
National League West. They lost
that day to fall to second, but re-
covered quickly. 
Before Friday’s series opener
against the Dodgers at AT&T
Park, with Tim Lincecum facing
Josh Beckett, the Giants were 13-7
since Cabrera’s suspension,
swelling their division lead to four
and a half games. Just as the bull-
pen came together after closer
Brian Wilson’s season-ending el-
bow injury in April, the lineup has
jelled without Cabrera.
“We’ve had to, with how the
year’s gone, with Wilson getting
hurt early in the season and obvi-
ously losing Melky in the second
half,” shortstop Brandon Craw-
ford said. “Our team’s deep.
That’s why we’re still winning
without those guys. It’s probably
a testament to our character.
We’ve done a great job coming
back in games and doing so well
without a few key players.”
In some ways, the Giants are
following the same script that
won them the World Series in
2010. While their starters have
struggled lately, a rotation led by
Matt Cain, Madison Bumgarner
and Lincecum, whose second-half
earned run average was 3.26 be-
fore Friday,could be intimidating
in October. And the offense is get-
ting timely contributions from ev-
eryone.
“When you lose a guy like Mel-
ky, who was having an incredible
year, it’s going to take every-
body,” Bochy said. “Everybody’s
doing something to pick it up, in-
cluding the bench, trying to get
them all involved. They’ve done a
great job of putting that behind
them. Not one guy ever men-
tioned it.
“It happened,” Bochy added,
clapping his hands. “Now let’s
go.”
Center fielder Angel Pagan led
the league in runs scored in Au-
gust, with 10 more than the next
closest player. Second baseman
Marco Scutaro has hit .329 since
arriving from Colorado in a trade.
Sandoval is 10 for his last 20 with
runners in scoring position, and
Brandon Belt was hitting .372 in
his last 31 games before Friday,
when he started in left field for
the first time this season.
Left field was Cabrera’s prima-
ry position, and so far the Giants
have successfully mixed and
matched to replace him.
“We’re just playing as a team,”
said Pence, who has hit better af-
ter starting slowly with the Gi-
ants. “That’s been the really cool
thing coming over here. There’s a
lot of people that contribute in a
lot of ways, and Bochy’s incredi-
ble with how he handles every as-
pect, how he leads us. It feeds into
the players.”
The best player of all has been
Posey, the regular catcher who
started at first base on Friday for
the 14th time this season. He
came into the game hitting .382
with a 1.088 on base plus slugging
percentage since the All-Star
break, a push that could make
him the M.V.P.
Pittsburgh’s Andrew McCutch-
en can make a strong case, and so
can Milwaukee’s Ryan Braun, if
voters look past the Brewers’ sub-
.500 record. But only Posey has
carried his team into first place, a
year after suffering a devastating
ankle injury in a collision at home
plate.
“He deserves it,” Crawford
said. “He’s been pretty much un-
stoppable the second half.”
The Giants have not quite been
unstoppable since Cabrera’s sus-
pension, but they have won at a
better rate than they did before
while increasing their lead on
their main rivals. Bochy talked,
and the players responded.
“We’re very talented here,”
Bochy said. “It’s not one guy. It’s
not what happened, that we lost
him; it’s how we deal with it. We
have that choice. We’re going to
focus forward, focus on winning
and move on. In this game, you
have no choice.”
Giants Come Together
Without Cabrera
Columns in this series this week
will spotlight the four California
teams fighting for playoff berths.
TYLER
KEPNER 
ON
BASEBALL 
THE WILD WEST
On Baseball’s Rocky Coast
both gave up home runs in the
decisive eighth inning of that
game, but on Friday they were
perfect in the seventh and eighth.
With one out in the eighth,
Robertson replaced Logan and
had the chance to again face
Adam Jones, who hit a solo home
run off him Thursday night. Rob-
ertson struck him out and then
got Matt Wieters to fly out to cen-
ter.
“Yesterday was really tough
for me,” Robertson said. “I let the
whole team down. But tonight I
got to face the same hitters and
was able to get them out.”
Robertson wore his pant legs
down to his shoes on Friday — as
he did in Wednesday’s victory —
one day after he had them back
up to his knees on Thursday, as
he usually wears them. He said
he was not superstitious, but
some of his teammates are, nota-
bly Logan, who insisted Robert-
son lower the pants again Friday.
Rafael Soriano pitched the
ninth inning and gave up a two-
out solo home run to Manny Ma-
chado before he struck out Rob-
ert Andino to end the game. 
The bullpen’s work secured a
victory for Phil Hughes, whose
record improved to 14-12. Hughes
allowed three runs on a home run
by Jones in the sixth after the
Yankees had taken a 7-0 lead. 
The Yankees scored five runs
in the fourth. The inning began
when Wei-Yin Chen, the Orioles’
starter, hit Nick Swisher with a
pitch and Robinson Cano walked.
After Rodriguez struck out, Mar-
tin crushed a pitch into the left-
field stands. Chen struck out Cur-
tis Granderson, but Andruw
Jones singled and Pearce rocked
another home run over the left-
field wall as the Yankees seized a
5-0 lead.
In the fifth,Derek Jeter led off
with a single, and it appeared he
might be stranded there as
Swisher and Cano made outs. But
Rodriguez sent a two-run shot to
center field for his first home run
since returning from the disabled
list Sept. 3. His last home run
came July 23 in Seattle, the day
before his left hand was broken
by a pitch.
On Saturday the Yankees ex-
pect to get first baseman Mark
Teixeira back after he missed 10
games with a strained left calf.
The pitcher will be their ace, C.C.
Sabathia, who will try to get the
Yankees back-to-back wins for
the first time since the middle of
August. Sabathia will take a 16-3
career record and a 2.97 earned
run average against the Orioles
into the game. At Camden Yards,
he is 10-2 with a 3.13 E.R.A. 
Until this season, he held the
longest winning streak of any op-
posing pitcher here with seven
straight wins, according to the
Elias Sports Bureau. But he is 0-1
in two starts at Camden Yards
this year, allowing eight earned
runs in 16 innings.
“They’re riding high and very
confident,” Sabathia said of the
Orioles before the game.
“They’re making plays in the
field and getting big hits. It’s a
great atmosphere to play in, it’s
loud, it was sold out last night.
Hopefully, we can put an end to
that.”
About four hours later, they did
just that, with three home runs
that recalled the glory days of
their 10-game lead.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES
Adam Jones tossing his bat after striking out in the third, ending the inning and stranding a runner at first.
Yankees, Behind Three Homers, Upend Orioles 
From First Sports Page
Robinson Cano (24) with Russell Martin after Martin’s home
run in the fourth. Steve Pearce also homered in the inning. 
Alex Rodriguez hit his first
home run since coming off the
disabled list.
nytimes.com/sports
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D8
N
OBITUARIES
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2012
By DOUGLAS MARTIN
Said K. Aburish, an American-
educated Palestinian journalist
who drew on his experience as an
arms dealer in the Middle East to
write 11 books on the region, in-
cluding a portrait of three gener-
ations of his sprawling family and
indictments of Arab rulers, died
on Aug. 29 in Bethany, a West
Bank village controlled by the
Palestinian Authority. He was 77.
The cause was heart failure,
his cousin Amer Aburish said. He
had been treated for Parkinson’s
disease in the last few years. 
Mr. Aburish’s writing was no-
tably blunt. He accused Arab
leaders of being “stooges” of
Western powers and indifferent
to the well-being of their citizens.
“There are no legitimate regimes
in the Arab Middle East,” he de-
clared.
He described King Fahd of
Saudi Arabia, who died in 2005, as
“a lazy, corrupt, ignorant drunk”
addicted to video games. He
called the kingdom “a rotting car-
cass.”
Reviewing his book “A Brutal
Friendship: The West and the
Arab Elite,” published in 1997, the
Middle East correspondent
Kathy Evans wrote in the British
newspaper The Observer that
Mr. Aburish had proved to be
more “traumatizing” to some
Arab states than Salman Rush-
die, the author who had depicted
the Prophet Muhammad irrever-
ently and gone into hiding to es-
cape an Islamic death decree.
“For several decades now,” Ms.
Evans wrote, Mr. Aburish “has
been making Arab governments
wince with pain and embarrass-
ment.” She continued: “Why?
Because among Arab authors, he
is almost alone in speaking the
truth.”
Other reviewers accused him
of hyperbole. The Middle East
historian Daniel Pipes wrote in
Commentary that “A Brutal
Friendship” could be read as “the
slightly deranged musings of one
out-of-touch intellectual.” But he
allowed that “outlandish as it
may be, the book represents a
main line of Arab thinking.”
The scholar William B. Quandt,
writing in Foreign Affairs, said
Mr. Aburish’s 1995 book, “The
Rise, Corruption, and Coming
Fall of the House of Saud” was
“long on speculation.”
Mr. Aburish reported facts and
interpretations that were essen-
tially truisms in the Arab world
but often novel to Western read-
ers. He detailed the billions of
dollars that the Saudis squan-
dered on arms. He reported how
the insurgency against the Amer-
ican-backed Iraqi government af-
ter the overthrow of Saddam
Hussein was fueled by ancient re-
ligious and tribal divisions. He
wrote that Arab populations did
not object to Iraq’s acquisition of
weapons of mass destruction be-
cause Israel had nuclear arms.
“My books constitute footnotes
to the history of the modern Mid-
dle East, essentially a revisionist
history,” he said in an interview
with the reference work Contem-
porary Authors. “My purpose is
to correct certain impressions be-
fore it becomes too late.”
Mr. Aburish’s “Children of
Bethany: The Story of a Palestin-
ian Family” (1988) told of three
generations of his family, begin-
ning with a grandfather, who
bought land that was said to have
been the site of Lazarus’s tomb
and became rich off it by charg-
ing admission. The grandfather
became leader of the village and
its first citizen to move from a
cave to a modern house.
Mr. Aburish’s father, Abu Said,
a journalist, worked in Beirut for
Time magazine and other news
organizations. As a young man,
Abu Said joined the Arab un-
derground to fight British rule
and once botched an assignment
to kill a British official. Years lat-
er he referred to himself as “the
most inept assassin in history.”
The Bethany book views his-
torical events through the per-
spective of the Aburish family as
it scattered in search of freedom
and fortune, its members settling
in 22 countries. In her review in
The New York Times Book Re-
view, the Arab author Inea Bush-
naq wrote of Mr. Aburish, “Some
of the truths he reveals make un-
happy reading, but ultimately it
is his book’s brusque frankness
that gives it value.”
Said Khalil Aburish was born
in Bethany on May 1, 1935. He
graduated from Princeton and
earned an M.B.A. from Harvard
Business School. He worked as a
reporter for Radio Free Europe,
then served in the United States
Army. After becoming an Ameri-
can citizen in 1958, he wrote for
the London newspaper The Daily
Mail.
In the 1970s, he and a colleague
became business consultants in
the Middle East. He also helped
negotiate arms deals among
Western and Arab nations, par-
ticularly Iraq. In one unsuccess-
ful venture, in 1975, he tried to ar-
range for Iraq to buy a Canadian
nuclear reactor. By the 1980s, he
wrote, he had become disillu-
sioned with Hussein’s pursuit of
weapons of mass destruction and
stopped working with him.
Returning to writing in 1983,
Mr. Aburish sold articles to news-
papers and magazines, appeared
on British television and began
writing books. His 1985 book,
“Pay-Off: Wheeling and Dealing
in the Arab World,” drew heavily
on his business experience in the
region.
Mr. Aburish also wrote biogra-
phies of the Palestinian leader
Yasir Arafat (1998), Hussein
(2000) and the Egyptian leader
Gamal Abdel Nasser (2004). He
called Nasser the Arab world’s
“most charismatic leader since
the Prophet Muhammad,” and la-
mented his failure to unite Arabs
as one nation. 
Mr. Aburish’s three marriages
ended in divorce. He is survived
by his daughter, Charla, as well
as a granddaughter, four broth-
ers and two sisters. After living in
London and Nice, France, he re-
tired to Bethany in 2009.
Said K. Aburish, Palestinian Journalist, Is Dead at 77
Said K. Aburish described his books as revisionist histories.
An ex-arms dealer
with an M.B.A. who
skewered Arab rulers.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP)
— Smarck Michel, a business-
man who served for almost a
year as Haiti’s prime minister af-
ter the United States restored
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide
to power in the mid-1990s, died at
his home here on Sept. 1. He was
75.
The cause was a brain tumor,
his son, Kenneth, said.
Mr. Michel became prime min-
ister in 1994 when a multinational
military force led by the United
States restored Mr. Aristide to
the presidency after three years
in exile. Mr. Aristide’s first term
was cut short in 1991 when the
army ousted him in a coup.
The choice of Mr. Michel was
seen as an effort to placate busi-
ness leaders and members of
Haiti’s middle and upper classes
who felt threatened by the return
of Mr. Aristide, a populist, left-
leaning former Roman Catholic
priest. Mr. Michel resigned al-
most a year later over opposition
to his economic proposals, which
included a privatization plan that
was unpopular with Haiti’s poor
majority. 
During Mr. Aristide’s first
term, Mr. Michel served briefly
as commerce and industry min-
ister. He was dismissed from that
post amid criticism of the govern-
ment for not lowering the prices
of food and other basic goods. Mr.
Michel had instituted price con-
trols, but they were widely ig-
nored. 
Smarck Michel was born on
March 29, 1937, in St. Marc, a port
city north of Port-au-Prince, and
moved around Haiti as a child be-
cause his father was serving in
the Haitian armed forces.
He attended college in New
York, then returned to Haiti to
help run the bakery his father
had started. He later ran a gro-
cery store in downtown Port-au-
Prince.
After his brief stint in politics,
he returned full time to the gro-
cery store until he closed it in
2010 and retired, his son said.
In addition to his son, Mr. Mi-
chel’s survivors include his wife,
Victoire Marie-Rose Sterlin, and
two daughters, Patricia and Mar-
jorie Michel.
Smarck Michel, 75, Haitian Ex-Prime Minister
RICARDO FIGUEROA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Smarck Michel in 1985.
five children of Fred and Beatrice
Herx. His father was a telephone
lineman. After earning his bache-
lor’s and master’s degrees in his-
tory from Loyola University Chi-
cago and serving in the Army, Mr.
Herx became a public-school
teacher in Chicago. 
Mr. Herx became fascinated by
films in  childhood, and in 1962,
with a friend who was also a cine-
phile, the Rev.Ronald Holloway,
he founded the Chicago Center for
Film Study as part of the Archdio-
cese of Chicago’s adult education
program. Their mission was to
bring a more positive approach to
reviewing movies, a shift from the
Legion of Decency’s policy of list-
ing offensive films. Two years lat-
er, the executive secretary of the
By DENNIS HEVESI 
Henry Herx, who over three
decades wrote thousands of mov-
ie reviews for Roman Catholic
publications,assessing the moral
complexities raised on screen
through the prism of church ten-
ets, died on Aug. 15 at his home in
Ramsey, N.J. He was 79.
The cause was complications
of liver cancer, said his son,Jo-
seph.
Mr. Herx was chief critic  for
what was originally called the
National Legion of Decency,later
became the National Catholic Of-
fice for Motion Pictures and is
now the Media Review Office of
the Catholic News Service. His
reviews,written  from 1964 to
1999, were distributed to hun-
dreds of publications around the
country.
Of “Schindler’s List,” Steven
Spielberg’s harrowing 1993 film
about Oskar Schindler, the Ger-
man industrialist who set out to
profit from the misfortunes of
persecuted Polish Jews during
World War II but became the res-
cuer of more than 1,000, he wrote:
“The viewer is left to consider the
man’s latent Christianity as a
possible reason for his transfor-
mation, or perhaps simply his
common sense that killing people
was bad for business or, even
more likely given his character,
the fear of Allied retribution for
enriching himself on slave labor.”
Reviewing a 1991 British com-
edy, “The Pope Must Die” (the
last word in the title was later
changed to “Diet” when  some
newspapers and television net-
works refused to run advertise-
ments for the film), Mr. Herx
wrote, “The title alone is all one
needs to know of the bad comic
taste of those who concocted this
flaccid little farce about a bum-
bling country priest who is mis-
takenly elected pope due to a
clerical error.” Mr. Herx gave the
movie a rating of A-4 — adults,
with reservations. 
“His one-sentence paragraphs
pulled few punches in informing
readers not only of the moral
quality of a film, but whether it
was worth seeing by any audi-
ence,” said Mark Pattison, the
media editor for the Catholic
News Service. “People looked to
his reviews as a guide — perhaps
the guide — as to what to let their
kids see.”
Since its founding in 1933 as the
Legion of Decency, urging “the
Legion, Msgr. Thomas Little, re-
cruited the film center to take
over the role of critiquing movies.
The office’s chief critic is now
John Mulderig.
“Henry embodied the church’s
efforts to engage with contempo-
rary culture in an open yet dis-
cerning way,” Mr. Mulderig said.
“In the case of challenging ma-
terial, striking the right balance
between appreciation and rejec-
tion of what was alien to Judeo-
Christian values could be diffi-
cult. But he did it very successful-
ly over a long period.’’
Mr. Herx’s wife of 49 years, the
former Marilyn Jack, died in
2005. Besides his son, he is sur-
vived by two daughters, Kather-
ine Herx and Margaret DeLib-
ero; two brothers, John and
Fred; two sisters, Mary Miller
and Helen Herdrich; and four
grandchildren. 
By the time he retired in 1999,
Mr. Herx had viewed more than
10,000 films,many at home with
his children. “He had a portable
projector and a screen that he set
up in our living room,” Joseph
Herx said, “and on Friday and
Saturday nights we used to
watch everything from classic si-
lent films to the more recent
ones.”
Not surprisingly, his passion
started with Saturday matinees
— cartoons, newsreels and dou-
ble features —in the 1930s. “If he
was lucky,” his son said,“he got
the extra five cents for popcorn.” 
Henry Herx, 79, Film Critic for Catholics
CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE
Henry Herx, who wrote reviews for Catholic publications.
Judging the morality
of movies as well as
their aesthetics.
purification of the cinema” and
issuing lists of movies that Catho-
lics should not see, the office has
evolved. “We take a much more
positive and constructive ap-
proach today, stressing what is
good in popular culture,” Mr.
Herx told The New York Times in
1989. 
Henry William Herx was born
in Chicago on June 29, 1933, one of
STEWART—Joyce.The mem-
bers,Board of Governors and
staff of Pine Hollow Country
Club mourn  the  passing  of
our    longtime  member   and
good  friend.We  extend  ou
r
sympathies   to  her  husband
Philip and the entire family.
The Board of Governors
Pine Hollow Country Club
THAW—Elizabeth Copley.
Venetian Heritage mourns the
loss  of   its  founding membe
r
Mrs.Lawrence Copley Thaw
who also was a board mem-
ber  of   the  International Res-
cue Committee.Her loyalty to
us  and  love  of Venice were
exemplary.Mrs Thaw was an
important    figure  in  interna-
tional society and a perennial
member of   the best  dressed
lists.Mrs  Thaw was  known
for  her  brilliant  dinners   fo
r
world renowned figures of the
charitable,cultural and politi-
cal spheres.She will be great-
ly missed.
Lawrence Lovett,
Founding Chairman
Gary Parr,Chairman
Mrs.Donald K.Miller,
Vice Chairman
Pierre Durand,President
THAW—Elizabeth Copley
(Lee),passed away peaceful-
ly on September 5,2012 at her
home in New York City.She
was   the widow of    the  late
Lawrence  Copley  Thaw,Sr.,
of  New  York.Lee  was   a
great  supporter of numerous
New York  City  and  interna-
tional   cultural   organizations.
She will be dearly missed by
all  those who knew and loved
her.A memorial  service will
be  held  at  a  date  to  be  an-
nounced.In  lieu  of    flowers,
donations can be made to the
Metropolitan Museum of Art
(The  Lee  Thaw Fund),1000
Fifth Avenue,New York,NY
10028,Venetian Heritage,475
Park Avenue,New York,NY
10022,and   the   International
Rescue Committee,122 East
42nd  Street,New York,NY
10168.
Broad, Helene
Denker, Warren
Dietshe, Robert
Fogelman, Lillie
Jackman, Michael
Kwok, Lorraine
Miller, Marcia
Orbach, Marta
Rabinor, Arnold
Sadowsky, James
Scherr, Lawrence
Shelton, Peter
Siegel, Clara
Silbiger, Sharon
Stacks, John
Stewart, Joyce
Thaw, Elizabeth
KWOK—Lorraine  B.,passed
away peacefully at her home
in Rego Park,NY on Wednes-
day,at  the age of 92.Beloved
wife  of   the  late Dr.Francis
Kwok,loving mother of Fran-
cis   J.Kwok  and  cherished
grandmother of Tynan Leigh
Kwok.Friends may  call  on
Monday,2-4pm and 7-9pm at
Leo F.Kearns Funeral Home,
61-40 Woodhaven  Boulevard,
Rego   Park,NY.Mass   of
Christian     Burial     Tuesday
9:45am at Our Lady  of The
Angelus  Church  followed  by
interment at Gate of Heaven
Cemetery.In  lieu  of   flowers,
donations may  be made  to
the   Juvenile  Diabetes  Re-
search  Foundation,200  Con-
necticut  Ave.,Norwalk,CT
06854.
MILLER—Marcia   Judith.On
September  6th,at home,sur-
rounded by her grateful  fami-
ly.A stunning  painter,daily
master   of     the  NY  Times
crossword,lover of all  things
New   York.Adoring    and
adored mother of Sasha and
Zachary,wonderful  aunt     to
Rebecca and Florence,an in-
spired       grandmother          to
Annabel     and    Callie,the
sharpest,wittiest   and most
loyal of sisters to Gerry,ever-
generous       sister-in-law    to
Penelope   and mother-in-law
to  Kevin,incomparable  and
loyal    friend  to  Patty,Sally,
Barbara,Karen and a host of
equally incomparable and loy-
al  friends,wife,soul-mate,in-
spiration  and  continual won-
der  to Jeff,life-long host and
provider of great pasta dishes
to  legions  of    travelers who
found   a  warm  home,as
we all  did,on 79th Street.A
talent     for   art,family   and
friends,that was Marcia.Visit
marciamillernewyork.com
and  see what we mean.Al-
ways   to  be missed  and  re-
membered,with  Chaim and
both Idas,by Zachary Green,
Sasha   Goldman    and    Jeff
Stock.Services will be held at
Riverside  Memorial   Chapel
this Sunday,September 9th at
11:15am.Guests   will     be
received  afterwards  and  on
Monday at Marcia and Jeff's
apartment.Charitable   dona-
tions,in  lieu  of   flowers,to
either  the Chaim & Ida Miller
Award,Cornell   University
School  of   Industrial & Labor
Relations,or   Partners     in
Literacy.
MILLER—Marcia.July 24,1946
- September 6,2012.Incompa-
rable  and  brilliant   friend  for
life,in our hearts  forever af-
ter.Thank God for your per-
ception...
Patty Burrows & Milt Wolfson
ORBACH—Marta  (nee Curro).
Beloved mother of Tony and
Chris.Also survived by loving
grandchildren.Her great  intel-
ligence and intellect will nev-
er be matched.Her friendship
will be sorely missed by her
devoted  friends  Lynn  Block,
Bitsie Gallo and Janie DeLu-
ca.Memorial Service:Sunday,
September  9,2012  at  2:30pm
at Riverside Memorial Chapel
180 West   76th   Street  New
York,NY 10023.
RABINOR—Arnold  J.on  Sep-
tember  6,2012.Beloved  hus-
band  of   Irene.Loving  father
of   Zachary    and   Rebecca,
Rachel   and  Miki,Ali   and
Kevin.Cherished grandfather
of   Samuel,Nathaniel,Jett,
Max and Marin Lily.Devoted
brother  of   Judy  and   Joan.
Services     11:30am  Monday
Boulevard-Riverside   Chapels
516-295-3100
www.boulevardriversidechape
l.com
SADOWSKY—Rev.James A.,
S,J.,on  September   7,2012.
Reposing    at       the  Murray-
Weigel  Hall  Chapel   515  E.
Fordham Rd.,Bronx,NY on
Sunday from 3-5 and 7-9pm.A
Mass  of Christian Burial will
be held at  the Murray-Weigel
Hall  Chapel  on Monday  at
11:30am.Interment will    take
place at  the Jesuit Cemetery,
Auriesville,NY.For  informa-
tion   contact  Farenga  Bros.
Inc.,Directors (718) 654-0500
SCHERR—Lawrence,MD,83
of New York,passed away on
September   6,after  a  noble
fight.Born in Brooklyn,NY on
November   6,1928   to  Harry
and    Sophie    Schwartz,Dr.
Scherr graduated from Brook-
lyn technical high school and
Cornell University,and proud-
ly served in the United States
Navy in active combat  in Ko-
rea as an officer in the United
States    Navy    Amphibious
Force.Dr.Scherr received his
MD  from Cornell  university
medical college in 1957.from
1967 to 2001,he was David J.
Greene   Chairman,Depart-
ment    of  Medicine,North
Shore University Hospital and
Professor of Medicine,Cornell
University  Medical   College
and   New  York  University
School  of Medicine.He was
Professor Emeritus  of Medi-
cine,Weill Medical College of
Cornell University.Dr.Scherr
was  Chairman  of    the  New
York  State  Board  for Medi-
cine   and  Chairman   of    the
New York  State  Council  on
Graduate Medical Education.
He    served  with   President
Clinton's white  house  review
group on health care reform
as  well  as  numerous  other
committees    nationally.Dr.
Scherr    is    survived   by   his
beloved   and   devoted  wife
Peggy  of  58  years;daughter
Cynthia Rosen (Alan) and son
Robert;grandchildren  Sabri-
na;Benjamin;Natalie;and So-
phie.Funeral  services will be
held  Sunday,September   9th
at    2:00pm  at  Gutterman's,
8000 Jericho Tpke,Woodbury,
NY.In lieu of  flowers,memo-
rial gifts may be made to the
North  Shore-LIJ Health  Sys-
tem Foundation.
SCHERR—Lawrence,M.D.
 We  are  deeply  saddened  by
the    passing    of   Lawrence
Scherr,M.D.a national   leader
in Medicine,a mentor  to  all
of  us  and  a  true  complete
physician.Our  heartfelt  con-
dolences go out  to his family,
colleagues and all of his pa-
tients who he has touched so
deeply throughout his preemi-
nent career.
David J.Cooper,M.D.
CEO,ProHEALTH
SHELTON—Peter Laros.
Peter will be forever missed
and remembered as a loving
Father,devoted   Husband,
Partner,Mentor  and  a  key
Driver of  the Creative Force
that   is Shelton,Mindel & As-
sociates.Peter did everything
you couldn't  see because his
humble  nature  kept  him be-
hind the scenes.Peter was a
visionary   architect  who   in-
vented        the        seemingly
inevitable.He had a creative
mind  that always  strived  for
perfection.Whenever we look
at anything,are posed with a
problem or asked for a solu-
tion we quietly reflect...what
would  Peter   think?He was
extremely  private  and  chose
to  keep  his  courageous  and
dignified  battle  with  cancer
just   that.Peter  and  partner,
Lee  Mindel      received    the
Cooper  Hewitt   Smithsonian
National Design  award  from
the First Lady,Michelle Oba-
ma,at  the White House.The
night before the event,he ex-
pressed to Lee,that although
he had a hard time believing
in  religion  he  would  never
lose his  faith in the value of
the creative.We at SMA are
deeply saddened by our  loss
but embrace moving forward
with  his  inspiration  and  how
he taught us all   to challenge
and resolve.We console and
send our  love to his devoted
wife  Laura  Bennett  Shelton
and  his  beloved  six  children
Cleo  Bennett,Peik,Truman,
Pierson,Larson   and   Finn
Shelton.There will be a trib-
ute  held  in  his  honor  at   the
Seagram Building,Four  Sea-
sons Restaurant  located at 99
East  52nd Street on Tuesday,
September 11th 2012 between
the hours of 4pm and 6pm.In
lieu  of   flowers,please  send
contributions     to:The   RK
Laros  Foundation,Elizabeth
Mowrer,Executive  Director,
4513  Virginia  Drive,Bethle-
hem,PA 18017.610-867-8452.
SIEGEL—Clara,died  Septem-
ber  6,2012 at   the age of  102
and  one  day,peacefully  in
her   sleep   at   her   home   in
Manhattan.Born on the Low-
er East  Side,she  lived  The
American Dream.Motherless
at   16,she worked  her way
through  Beth  Israel Hospital
School   of  Nursing.Happily
married to Sam Siegel  for  59
years until  1993,she lived 71
years   in Manhattan  and  31
years   in  Brooklyn.Beloved
matriarch  of  her  family  and
mother   of  Roberta  Valins
(Martin),William  (Colette)
and Richard    (Beverly).She
leaves  nine  devoted  grand-
children  and  23  great-grand-
children  literally  from coast
to coast and in between.Ser-
vices  at Gutterman's,Wood-
bury,Sunday  at  noon.Shiva
at Roberta Valins'home,Sun-
day - Tuesday.
SILBIGER—Dr.Sharon.The
Dalton   School  mourns    the
passing of Dr.Sharon Silbiger,
mother    of    Jonah   Gaynor
(class of 2015).We extend our
love  and  support    to  Jonah,
Alan and their family.
Ellen C.Stein Head of School
STACKS—John    F.,veteran
Time   magazine     journalist
and    author,passed    away
September  4     in New York
City   of   complications   from
prostate   cancer.He   leaves
his  wife  Carol,a  son  Ben
and  his  wife  Kim,a  step-
daughter,Dr.Nicole  Ruane
and   her   husband   Andrew
Powell,and  three  grandchil-
dren,Hannah,Kate    and
Frank.After graduation from
Yale in 1964,he reported for
the Washington Evening Star
before   joining  Time   in   its
Washington  bureau.He  took
a  brief   leave  of  absence  in
1968  to work as Sen.George
McGovern's  press   secretary
before    returning   to   Time,
where  he  oversaw the mag-
azine's   coverage   of Water-
gate,served  as National Po-
litical   Correspondent   during
the   1980   presidential   cam-
paign  and  served  as  bureau
chief     in   both   Boston   and
New York.He  later worked
in    a    variety    of    editorial
management    positions,in-
cluding  Chief  of  Correspon-
dents  and Deputy Managing
Editor.He  is   the  author  of
five  books,including  Scotty,
a biography of James B.Re-
ston,and  most      recently
Albest,a  compilation  of  rec-
ollections of Time correspon-
dents   during   the   past    four
decades.In  lieu  of    flowers,
donations   can  be made   to
the   Prostate    Cancer   Re-
search Fund#51D38000-13785,
NYU Cancer  Institute c/o Dr.
Anna Ferrari,160 E.34th St.
8th Fl.,New York,NY 10016
or  to  the  John F.Stacks  Jr.
Scholarship Fund at   the Uni-
versity of Maryland.
BROAD—Helene,of West Or-
ange,NJ,died on Friday Sep-
tember   7.Services  will   be
held  10am Sunday  at  Bern-
heim-Apter-Kreitzman  Subur-
ban  Funeral  Chapel,68 Old
Short Hills Rd.,Livingston,NJ.
Ms.Broad was  the  beloved
mother of Michael and Cathy
Blaustein and Anne and Perry
Tepper and dear grandmoth-
er    to   Jennifer,Sarah   and
Emily.A  detailed   obituary
can be viewed at:
 www.bernheimapterkreitz
man.com
DENKER—Warren  Zev,70,
beloved  husband,father  and
friend,passed away with his
family  by  his  side  on Tues-
day,September  4,2012,after
a courageous battle with can-
cer.Zev was born on April 28,
1942  in Brooklyn,NY to  the
late   Morty     and    Evelyn
Denker and grew up in Forest
Hills,NY.In 1973 Zev married
the  love  of  his   life,Carole,
and they relocated to Suffern,
NY to raise their  family.Zev
enjoyed  opera,was  a  vora-
cious   reader  and   cherished
sharing time with friends and
family.Passionate about his
work,he spent his entire ca-
reer   of   over     thirty   years
working  for ABC  Television,
where he was Director of Af-
filiate Relations.Due to his in-
tegrity  and  charismatic  per-
sonality,he developed numer-
ous   lifelong  friendships.Zev
was a gregarious people per-
son,who was   loved  by  all.
He will    forever  be  remem-
bered    for   his    intelligence,
warmth,humor and generosi-
ty.Zev is survived by his lov-
ing wife Carole;son Michael
(Pinar);daughter   Heather
(Jason);and  brothers,Bruce
and Stephen.Contributions  in
Zev's memory may be made
to  Temple Beth El  c/o  The
Rabbi's  Discretionary  Fund,
Spring  Valley,NY  or  The
American Cancer Society.
DIETSHE—Robert Allen,born
1927,died  on  September   6.
Father of Karen Dietshe and
Maximilian Dietshe,grandfa-
ther  of  Grace  Dietshe  and
Lillian Roberts and  father-in-
law of Wendie Winslow and
Kenneth Roberts.Known  as
Bob,he   was     raised    in
Tenafly,New Jersey,served
in  the Army Air Corps,and
attended Columbia University.
Throughout  his   career,Bob
worked for  the Sun Oil Com-
pany as a public relations ex-
ecutive,and  lived  in West-
town,Pennsylvania.For   the
past 20 years,he has been re-
tired and living in Simonsville,
Vermont,in  a  house  he  had
designed.Memorial   services
will be private.In lieu of  flow-
ers,donations to are suggest-
ed to the:Springfield Humane
Society 401 Skitchewaug Trail,
Springfield,Vermont,05156.
802-885-3997.
FOGELMAN—Lillie (Leah),86.
Beloved mother  of Dr.Eva
Fogelman and son-in-law Pro-
fessor Jerome Chanes and of
Gila    Fogelman-Unger    and
son-in-law Dr.Robert Unger;
adoring      grandmother      of
Adam Chanes.Funeral   ser-
vices  on  Sunday,September
9,11am,Plaza,630 Amster-
dam Avenue.Shiv‘a   at   60
Riverside Dr.,Apt 7C,Sunday
evening - Friday morning.
JACKMAN—Michael    J.,age
46,of New York City,sudden-
ly September  3.Beloved son
of Frances A.(Carey)  Jack-
man  of  Dorchester.Loving
brother of Bob Jackman and
his wife Julia of Oregon and
Beth  Ann  Nohmy   and   her
husband  Charlie   of  Milton.
Dear   uncle  of   Jessica  and
Cameron Nohmy and Rowan
and  Rylan   Jackman.Late
Freelance Writer and partner
of Perazzeta Azienda Agricola
Winery,Montenero,Italy.For-
mer employee of Miller Free-
man  Publishing  and  former
NYC Mounted Police Officer
in Central Park.A Celebration
of Life Service will be held at
a later date.
www.alfreddthomas.com
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