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The New York Times - Saturday, September 1, 2012

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VOL.CLXI..No. 55,881
©2012 The New York Times
NEWYORK,SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Late Edition
Today, mostly sunny, not quite as
hot as yesterday, high 88. Tonight,
mostly clear, low 69. Tomorrow, pe-
riodic clouds and sun, cooler, high
80. Weather map is on Page C8.
$2.50
The United States is leaning toward des-
ignating the Haqqani network, which
has attacked American bases in Afghan-
istan, as a terrorist group. PAGE A6
INTERNATIONAL A4-11
Group May Get Terrorist Label
Falling fish prices and the rising cost of
feed is squeezing catfish farmers even
after the Agriculture Department added
$10 million to an aid program. PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY B1-8
Hard Times for Catfish Farms
The stars of the Walker Art Center’s
first Internet Cat Video Film Festival
behaved badly, cutely, mysteriously or
all those at once in Minneapolis. PAGE C1
ARTS C1-7
Actors Lapping Up Their Work
Gail Collins
PAGE A23
EDITORIAL, OP-ED A22-23
By MICHAEL BARBARO and MICHAEL D. SHEAR
TAMPA, Fla. — For all the fin-
ger-pointing about Clint East-
wood’s rambling conversation
with an empty chair on Thursday
night, the most bizarre, head-
scratching 12 minutes in recent
political convention history were
set in motion by Mitt Romney
himself and made possible by his
aides, who had shrouded the ac-
tor’s appearance in secrecy.
Mr. Romney privately invited
Mr. Eastwood, of “Dirty Harry”
fame,to speak after the actor had
given him a gravelly, full-throat-
ed endorsement at a star-studded
fund-raiser at the Sun Valley Re-
sort Lodge in Idaho this summer.
“He just made my day. What a
guy,” Mr. Romney joked with his
donors that night, flanked by the
fake log columns of the lodge.
Thus began an effort by Mr.
Romney’s campaign over several
weeks to inject a Hollywood-style
surprise into the highly scripted,
tightly controlled convention
where Mr. Romney would for-
mally accept the nomination of
the Republican Party to be presi-
dent.
Behind the scenes, Mr. East-
wood’s convention cameo was
cleared by Mr. Romney’s top
message mavens, Russ Schriefer
and Stuart Stevens, who drew up
talking points that Mr. Eastwood
included, in his own way. They
gave him a time limit and flashed
a blinking red light that told him
his time was up. He ignored both.
The actor’s decision to use a
chair as a prop was last-minute,
and his own.
“The prop person probably
thought he was going to sit in it,”
a baffled senior aide said on
Thursday night.
Mr. Eastwood’s rambling and
off-color appearance just mo-
Before Talk With Chair, Clearance From the Top
MARK WILSON/GETTY IMAGES
Clint Eastwood speaking at
the Republican National Con-
vention on Thursday night.
Continued on Page A15
By SARAH LYALL
LONDON — Anthony Dawson,
who has cerebral palsy and little
muscle function on his right side,
rode for South Africa in the first
round of the equestrian dressage
competition at the Paralympics
on Thursday, guiding his horse
through an intricately choreo-
graphed series of movements. Last summer he had to per-
form an altogether different set
of exercises in front of a medical
professional, a way of determin-
ing what for many is the most
crucial and potentially fraught
aspect of the Paralympics: the
disability category in which he
would compete. There are five grades for Para-
lympic equestrians, ranging from
1A, for the most severely disabled
riders, to IV, for the least im-
paired. Dawson, 17, was put in
Grade II, the group to which he
has been assigned in every evalu-
ation he has gone through. He is
confident that he belongs there,
though some of his competitors
clearly are not: so far in his brief
career, Dawson said, he has been
the subject of eight official com-
plaints about his classification. “They were saying that I’m too
able for Grade II,” he said. “But
Grade II is by far the most di-
verse grade, and that’s where
I’ve always been placed.” He
added dryly,“I have really gotten
to know the classifiers.” The London Paralympics,
which opened Wednesday,are no
less competitive than the Olym-
pics held here earlier this sum-
mer. The Paralympics are the
largest ever, with 4,200 athletes
competing in 20 sports. Some are
in wheelchairs, some are wholly
or partially blind, some have
three, two, one or no limbs, some
have dwarfism, some have intel-
lectual deficits, some have com-
plex coordination and muscle-
control problems and some have
multisymptom conditions like
multiple sclerosis. The classifiers, as they are At Paralympics, First Thing Judged Is Disability EMILIO MORENATTI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Xabi Torres of Spain with his prosthetic legs. Swimmers with
physical impairments are divided into 10 classes for races.
Continued on Page A3
By BINYAMIN APPELBAUM
JACKSON HOLE, Wyo. — The
Federal Reserve chairman, Ben
S. Bernanke, delivered a detailed
and forceful argument on Friday
for new steps to stimulate the
economy, reinforcing earlier in-
dications that the Fed is on the
verge of action.
Calling the persistently high
rate of unemployment a “grave
concern,” language that several
experts described as unusually
strong, Mr. Bernanke made clear
that a recent run of tepid rather
than terrible economic data had
not altered the Fed’s will to act,
because the pace of growth re-
mained too slow to reduce the
number of people who lack jobs. The federal government said
on Wednesday that the economy
expanded at an annual rate of 1.7
percent in the second quarter,
slightly higher than its initial esti-
mate of 1.5 percent but lackluster
in normal times. A measure of
consumer confidence hit a three-
month high on Friday,but that,
too,was impressive only in com-
parison with the immediate past.
The government will release a
preliminary estimate of August
job growth next week; it is ex-
pected to show that the unem-
ployment rate remains above 8
percent.
Mr. Bernanke said that the
Fed’s efforts over the last several
years had helped to hasten eco-
nomic recovery, that there was a
clear need for additional action
and that the likely benefits of new
steps to stimulate growth out-
weighed the potential costs.
“It is important to achieve fur-
ther progress, particularly in the
labor market,” Mr. Bernanke
said.“Taking due account of the
uncertainties and limits of its pol-
icy tools, the Federal Reserve
will provide additional policy ac-
commodation as needed to pro-
mote a stronger economic recov-
ery and sustained improvement
in labor market conditions in a
context of price stability.”
In setting the stage for action
when the Fed’s policy-making
committee meets in two weeks,
Mr. Bernanke appeared to defy FED CHIEF MAKES
A DETAILED CASE
FOR A STIMULUS
UNEMPLOYMENT ‘GRAVE’
Markets Waver, Then
Rise — Republicans
Fault Approach
Continued on Page A3
By LYDIA POLGREEN
JOHANNESBURG — When
360,000 gold and coal miners
walked off the job in South Africa
in 1987, protesting the poor pay
and grim working conditions of
apartheid-era mines, a charis-
matic young man named Cyril
Ramaphosa, the firebrand leader
of the National Union of Mine-
workers, led the charge. But as the police opened fire on
workers engaged in a wildcat
strike at a platinum mine two
weeks ago, killing 34 people, Mr.
Ramaphosa, now a multimillion-
aire business tycoon and senior
leader of the governing African
National Congress, found himself
in a very different position: on
the board of the company the
workers were striking against,
the London-based Lonmin. Mr. Ramaphosa’s journey from
hunted labor activist to industry
titan and perennial presidential
contender is an emblem of South
Africa’s spectacular transition
from brutally enforced white mi-
nority rule to a multiracial de-
mocracy where, in theory at
least, anyone with talent has a
chance to succeed.
But the low pay and tin-walled
hovels of the miners who went on
strike at Lonmin’s mine — condi-
tions in many ways reminiscent
of the ones faced by the miners
Mr. Ramaphosa led — starkly
demonstrate the failure of the
A.N.C. to deliver its own slogan:
“A better life for all.” Now, as the shock of the kill-
ings reverberates through the
nation, the party that liberated
South Africa is facing perhaps its
gravest challenge since it took
power in the country’s first multi-
racial elections in 1994: seething
rage from the poor in one of the
world’s most unequal societies
and a sense that the A.N.C. has RAGE BY MINERS
POINTS TO SHIFT
IN SOUTH AFRICA
STRIKE OF ’87 RECALLED
Onetime Activists Are
on Other Side of the
Corporate Table
Continued on Page A10
MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
FETCHING THE DOG
Jill Frisard rescued Buddy in Slidell, La., on Friday as heavy rains moved into the parched Midwest. Page A17. By KIM SEVERSON
BILOXI, Miss. — The Gulf
Coast woke up and got down to
the work of cleaning up from
Hurricane Isaac on Friday, head-
ing out under cloudy skies to find
groceries and then returning
home to fill trash bags and pry
plywood from windows.
But here on the floor of the
Beau Rivage Resort and Casino,
the wheels of fortune spun and
the lucky doubled down. The par-
ty had already begun the night
before.
The 1,740-room hotel and casi-
no, half of which sits on a barge
jutting into the Gulf of Mexico,
was the first of the Biloxi casinos
to reopen, welcoming three poker
players to a table just before 6
p.m., the last effects of the storm
still blowing outside. Five of the
12 casinos on the coast here man-
aged to open later Thursday
night, when many businesses
were still dark. The rest were ex-
pected to be opened by Saturday.
Seven years ago, when Hurri-
cane Katrina pulled the Beau
Rivage slot machines and craps
tables into the ocean, it took $550
million and a year to reopen. On
Thursday, in a feat that seemed
as coordinated as a sophisticated
military operation, it took just un-
der five hours.
It would be hard to overesti-
mate the economic importance of
getting the coastal casinos back
in business. In July alone, they
took in $110 million. The state
gets 8 percent of that, and the cit-
ies and counties get 4 percent.
Every day that the casinos were
closed, the local government lost
$100,000.
“Why are they open?” asked
Jordan Brooks, a retired school
administrator playing a video
poker machine on Thursday
night. “There is no secret,” he Wind Still Swirling, Gulf Casinos
Shake Off and Roll Back to Life
Continued on Page A17
By RON LIEBER
PLAIN CITY, Ohio — It
isn’t easy to stand up in an
open courtroom and bear wit-
ness to the abject wretched-
ness of your financial situa-
tion,but by the time Doug
Wallace Jr. was 31 years old,
he had little to lose by trying. Diabetes had rendered him
legally blind and unemployed
just a few years after graduat-
ing from Eastern Kentucky
University. He filed for bank-
ruptcy protection and quickly
got rid of thousands of dollars
of medical and other debt. But his $89,000 in student
loans were another story.
Federal bankruptcy law re-
quires those who wish to
erase that debt to prove that
repaying it will cause an “un-
due hardship.” And one com-
ponent of that test is often
convincing a federal judge
that there is a “certainty of
hopelessness” to their finan-
cial lives for much of the re-
payment period.
“It’s like you’re not worth
much in society,” Mr. Wallace
said.
Nevertheless, Mr. Wallace
made his case. And on
Wednesday, nearly six years
after he first filed for bank-
ruptcy, he may finally get a
signal as to whether his situa-
tion is sufficiently bleak to
merit the cancellation of his
loans.
The gantlet he has run so
far is so forbidding that a
large majority of bankrupt
people do not attempt it. Yet
for a small number of debtors
like Mr. Wallace who persist,
some academic research
shows there may be a reason-
able shot at shedding at least
part of their debt.So they try.
Before the mid-1970s, debt-
ors were able to get rid of stu-
dent loans in bankruptcy
court just as they could credit
card debt or auto loans. But
after scattered reports of new
doctors and lawyers filing for
bankruptcy and wiping away
their student debt, resentful
members of Congress
changed the law in 1976. In an effort to protect the
taxpayer money that is on the
line every time a student or
parent signs for a new federal
Last Plea on School Loans:
Proving a Hopeless Future
DEGREES OF DEBT
A Hard Way Out
Continued on Page B6
U(D54G1D)y+%!.!.!=!?
Mitt Romney toured storm-
damaged Louisiana, a visit that
seemed intended to give an air of
presidential authority. Page A12 Romney’s Storm Tour
The Baltimore Orioles, who trailed the
Yankees by 10 games on July 18, are now
two games back in the American
League East after a 6-1 win.
PAGE D1
SPORTSSATURDAY D1-6
Heat Is On in the Bronx
A2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Inside The Times
INTERNATIONAL
Nonaligned Nations
Back Iran on Nuclear Bid
The 120-nation Nonaligned Move-
ment decreed support for the Irani-
an nuclear energy program, and
criticized the American-led attempt
to punish Iran with conomic sanc-
tions,but would not back the coun-
try’s close ally Syria on its effort to
crush a popular uprising.
PAGE A4 Blasphemy in Pakistan
The case of a Christian girl accused
of burning a Muslim religious text is
throwing unwelcome light on Paki-
stan’s rigid blasphemy laws and the
state’s limited ability to protect reli-
gious minorities. PAGE A6
Beheadings in Afghanistan
The bodies of a 7-year-old girl and a
12-year-old boy in Afghanistan were
the latest in a spate of beheadings.
Residents said the Taliban killed the
boy because his relatives were
members of the local police, but a
Taliban spokesman denied killing
the boy and has not claimed respon-
sibility for the girl’s death. PAGE A8 British Judge Rejects Claim
A High Court judge in Britain reject-
ed a $5.1 billion claim in a legal battle
that pitted two Russian oligarchs
against each other and became a
window on the sometimes murky
business culture of post-Soviet Rus-
sia. PAGE A11
Angola Class Gap Widens
With the help of huge offshore de-
posits of oil, Angola has become a
nation where Porsches and Lam-
borghinis ply the capital’s streets.
But millions of Angolans have been
left behind. PAGE A11
NATIONAL
Nuclear Overseers Knew
Of Lax Security, Report Says
The contractors in charge of guard-
ing the national stockpile of bomb-
grade uranium in Tennessee were
well aware that a lot of the security
equipment was broken, and govern-
ment managers knew it,too, accord-
ing to an internal audit of Energy
Department operations at the weap-
ons facility. PAGE A16
Campaign’s Dividing Line
Though Medicaid has received little
attention, few other issues present a
starker difference between the two
tickets, with President Obama seek-
ing a big expansion and the Republi-
cans pushing big cuts. PAGE A12
NEW YORK
The Once Popular Ice Pick
Still Shows Up in Crimes
While guns top the list of weapons
used in violent assaults, sometimes
a crime is committed with a weapon
that harks back to a different era,
like the ice pick. A common house-
hold item, the ice pick as a lethal
weapon was most popular decades
ago, but it still shows up in crimes.
PAGE A19
City to Settle Abuse Suit
New York City will pay $850,000 to
settle a lawsuit stemming from the
beating of an inmate at Rikers Is-
land that fit a pattern cited by law
enforcement officials in which fa-
vored prisoners, running a rogue
disciplinary system known as the
Program, received tacit approval to
keep order by assaulting and threat-
ening other prisoners. PAGE A21
BUSINESS
Japanese Court Rejects
Apple’s Patent Suit
A Japanese court rejected patent
claims made by Apple against Sam-
sung, a victory for the Korean com-
pany after its crushing defeat in the
United States last week and a re-
minder of the global scope of the
patent war between the two technol-
ogy giants. PAGE B1 It’s Better Than a Rattle
The best gift any of us can give to
newborn babies is to point their
sleep-deprived parents in the direc-
tion of a good 529 or other college
savings plan and then seed the ac-
count with a little bit of money. Your
Money, Rob Lieber. PAGE B1 New Cancer Drug Approved
The Food and Drug Administration
approved a new life-prolonging drug
for men with late-stage prostate
cancer, adding to an increasingly
crowded field. In clinical trials, men
who received the drug lived nearly
five months longer than those who
received a placebo.
PAGE B3 SPORTS
At Third for Texas Rangers
With an Unusual Excellence
Adrian Beltre hits for power and av-
erage, and offense is obvious, easy
to quantify and clearly understood.
But the way he plays third base
makes him one of the most underap-
preciated performers in baseball.
PAGE D3
ARTS
All-Star Orchestra Records
New Series for WNET
The All-Star Orchestra is a pickup
ensemble of musicians — including
prominent principal players — from
some of the nation’s major classical
music orchestras. It has recorded
often-played and contemporary
pieces for a projected new educa-
tional series for broadcast on
WNET. PAGE C1 ‘Cinderella’ in Edinburgh
Alexei Ratmansky’s version of “Cin-
derella,” danced by Diana Vishneva
and the Mariinsky Ballet at the Ed-
inburgh International Festival, re-
flects the mordant qualities of the
Prokofiev score. PAGE C3 FRONT PAGE
An article last Saturday about
Apple’s victory in a patent law-
suit against Samsung described
incorrectly one Apple patent that
was at issue. The patent covers a
method of distinguishing be-
tween one-fingered scrolling on a
touch-screen device and two-fin-
gered gestures like pinching to
zoom out of an image. It does not
cover the pinch-to-zoom feature
itself. The error was repeated in
an article on Monday about the
case’s effect on innovations in
technology and it appeared again
on Tuesday in an article about
the possibility the decision could
move Apple closer to a fight with
Google. NATIONAL
An article on Friday about a
court decision blocking Texas
from enforcing its voter identifi-
cation law misidentified the
plaintiff in a separate lawsuit
challenging the constitutionality
of a section of the Voting Rights
Act. The plaintiff in that case is
Shelby County, Ala., not the state
of Alabama. SPORTS
Because of an editing error, an
article on Friday about Andy
Roddick’s announcing his retire-
ment on his 30th birthday mis-
stated the date that Roger Feder-
er turned 31. His birthday was
Aug. 8; it is not the case that he
“turns 31 next week.” OBITUARIES
An obituary on Aug. 10 about
Raymond B. Harding, the former
leader of New York State’s Lib-
eral Party, misidentified his birth-
place. He was born in Croatia, not
Herzegovina.
Corrections
‘‘
South Africa is a so-
cial, political and econom-
ic disaster waiting to hap-
pen.
’’
AUBREY MATSHIQI,
a South African political ana-
lyst, on the growing tension in
that country after the police
killed 34 striking miners two
weeks ago. [A10]
QUOTATION OF THE DAY
OP-ED
Charles M. Blow PAGE A23
VIDEODeclan Walsh, the New York
Times bureau chief in Pakistan, ex-
plores the relationship between the
United States and Pakistan and the
countries’ differing strategic inter-
ests.
nytimes.com/world
VIDEOTo discharge student loans,
a bankrupt borrower may have to
convince a judge that life will never
get better and destitution is certain.
nytimes.com/business
ONLINE
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
London 2012, a countrywide cultural jamboree, has been a showcase for artistic talent. Above,
“Peace Camp” by Deborah Warner and Fiona Shaw on a Scottish island. ARTS, PAGE C1
NICK STRANGELOVE
N
A3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
political pressure from Republi-
cans to refrain from new meas-
ures. Mitt Romney, the Repub-
lican presidential nominee, has
said such action would be coun-
terproductive, and has pledged to
replace Mr. Bernanke at the ear-
liest opportunity. “Policies from Congress, not
more short-term stimulus from
the Fed, are the ingredients nec-
essary for restoring growth in the
American economy,” Senator
Bob Corker, Republican of Ten-
nessee, said in a statement after
Mr. Bernanke’s speech.
On the other hand, Democrats
welcomed Mr. Bernanke’s re-
marks. There is little prospect
that Fed action will lift the econ-
omy before the election, but par-
ty officials fear the opposite pos-
sibility — that inaction could un-
dermine economic confidence —
and so they greeted the speech
with relief.
Senator Charles E. Schumer,
Democrat of New York, said Mr.
Bernanke “should not let any po-
litical backlash deter him from
following through and doing the
right thing.”
Mr. Bernanke did not an-
nounce any new steps in his
speech, delivered here before an
annual monetary policy confer-
ence organized by the Federal
Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
Nor did he indicate which steps
were most likely, a reticence that
reflects his desire not to give de-
tails ahead of the Federal Open
Market Committee, which con-
venes in two weeks.
Some analysts expect the Fed
to announce a new round of asset
purchases after that meeting,
further expanding its holdings of
Treasury securities and mort-
gage-backed securities to reduce
borrowing costs and spur invest-
ment. Others expect that it will
instead announce its intent to
keep its benchmark interest rate
near zero beyond its current fore-
cast of late 2014.
Jan Hatzius,chief United
States economist at Goldman
Sachs, said he was now con-
vinced that the Fed would extend
its forecast, because Mr. Ber-
nanke described benefits but not
costs of that approach. He said he
also expected the Fed to an-
nounce new asset purchases, but
not necessarily in September.
The speech, he said, made the
Fed’s intentions clear, “but it still
doesn’t really tell you the tim-
ing.”
Stocks fell slightly after the re-
lease of Mr. Bernanke’s remarks,
then climbed again. Commodities
like gold and oil also increased.
Mr. Bernanke devoted much of
his speech to asset purchases. He
said past rounds of purchases
had produced “economically
meaningful” benefits, contribut-
ing to lower borrowing costs for
corporations and a general rise in
stock prices. He cited one study
that found that the combined ef-
fect of the Fed’s three rounds of
asset purchases raised output by
3 percent and increased employ-
ment by two million jobs.
He provided a shorter descrip-
tion of the benefits of policy fore-
casts. In both cases, after reviewing
the costs of existing actions and
the potential consequences of do-
ing more, Mr. Bernanke rendered
a clear verdict on the balance.
“The costs of nontraditional
policies, when considered care-
fully, appear manageable, imply-
ing that we should not rule out
further use of such policies if eco-
nomic conditions warrant,” he
told the audience of central bank-
ers, fiscal policy makers and aca-
demic economists gathered at
the Jackson Lake Lodge in the
middle of Grand Teton National
Park for the annual policy confer-
ence.
The Fed has sent signals in re-
cent months that it is preparing
to take new action to stimulate
the economy. Its policy-making
committee said after its most re-
cent meeting in early August-
that it would “provide additional
accommodation as needed.”
Since that meeting, the de-
pressed housing market has
shown signs of modest revival.
But worries about fiscal policy
have intensified, and Europe re-
mains on a low boil. Mr. Ber-
nanke’s verdict on Friday was
unambiguous: “The economic
situation obviously is far from
satisfactory,” he said. And his de-
scription of the high unemploy-
ment rate as a “grave concern”
drew particular notice from his
well-versed audience.
“It goes well beyond normal
central bank expressions of the
need to bring unemployment
down,” said Alan S. Blinder,an
economics professor at Princeton
University and a former Fed vice
chairman. “It is an interesting
question for someone to research
if any central banker has ever
made a statement that strong”
about unemployment.
In addition to asset purchases
and forward guidance, the ac-
count of the most recent meeting
mentioned two other options. The
Fed could lower the interest rate
it pays banks on reserves kept at
the Fed, which might push some
money into circulation. It could
also seek to provide low-cost fi-
nancing for certain kinds of lend-
ing, like mortgage loans, emulat-
ing a program recently begun by
the Bank of England.
Several Fed officials have said
they would like to replace the
time horizon for current policy
with a trigger tied to economic
data, declaring, for example,that
the Fed is likely to keep interest
rates near zero until the unem-
ployment rate falls below a speci-
fied level, or until economic out-
put exceeds a certain threshold.
The internal debate under-
scored a striking contrast with
Mr. Bernanke’s speech at this
same conference in 2010, when he
gave the first indication that the
Fed would embark on a second
round of asset purchases. Then, Mr. Bernanke devoted
most of his remarks to estab-
lishing the need for action, large-
ly taking for granted that the Fed
had the power to improve the
economy. On Friday, it was the
need for action that Mr. Ber-
nanke took for granted. The ques-
tion now is how much more the
Fed can do.
Fed Chief Makes a Detailed Case for a New Stimulus
Asset purchases and
extended interest
forecast are possible.
From Page A1
called, must ensure that athletes
compete against others with sim-
ilar levels of ability — an exercise
in physical examination and as-
sessment that exists nowhere
else in sports. “Its not always as simple as if
you’re just dealing with amputa-
tions, for example — one arm,
one leg,” said Christine Meaden,
chief classifier for the Interna-
tional Paralympic Equestrian
Committee. “We have people
with coordination problems, pa-
ralysis, amputations and visual
impairments — and people who
have a mixture of types of dis-
abilities.” Paralympians have to be as-
sessed by international classi-
fiers before arriving at the
Games. But, said Peter van der
Vliet, the International Paralym-
pic Committee’s chief medical
classifier, some 245 athletes here
have been deemed borderline —
hovering between one grade and
another — and have been re-
assessed at the Games. Forty
have been moved to different
classifications, and eight athletes
(in track and field, swimming and
judo) have been ruled ineligible
and sent home because, he said,
they did not meet “the minimal
disability criterion.” The classification process is
multifaceted and different for
each sport. Riders in internation-
al equestrian events are ob-
served riding in competition.
They also have to undergo face-
to-face medical evaluations from
two international classifiers, in-
volving a range of movements
that tests for strength, coordina-
tion and flexibility. The exercises
can be as straightforward as
touching a finger and thumb to-
gether, moving the shoulder, or
placing a heel in set spots on the
ground. “They seem like simple tasks,”
said Dawson, “but when I started
doing them I was like, ‘Oh, my
life — this is so difficult.’” The system is meant to focus
on the athletes’ physical abilities
and on the limitations their dis-
abilities impose, not on their rid-
ing prowess. But it can anger
competitors who believe that
they are being forced to compete
against people who are less dis-
abled than they are. “People will say, ‘You shouldn’t
be in grade 1A — you ride so
well,’” said Donna Ponessa, a rid-
er on the United States team. She
has multiple sclerosis and is par-
alyzed from the chest down. She
uses a wheelchair and a ventila-
tor, except when she rides. “But
I’ve given up a year and a half of
my life for the Olympics,” she
said — time spent entirely riding,
exercising at the gym or work-
ing. Riders with fluctuating condi-
tions like multiple sclerosis are
frequently re-evaluated, and ath-
letes unhappy with their classifi-
cations can appeal. “There are two reasons for
this,” Mr. van der Vliet said.
“First, it’s a fundamental right
that if an athlete believes a
wrong decision is taken, he has a
right to protest. And with some
athletes their default mode is that
they will challenge a decision any
time they can when they are not
in agreement with it.” Swimming has 10 classifica-
tions for athletes with different
physical impairments, plus three
more for visual impairments and
one for athletes with intellectual
deficits. For that reason it is par-
ticularly prone to challenges, and
swimmers say they sometimes
suspect that athletes have not
been classified correctly. Three weeks before she was
set to compete in the London
Paralympics, Mallory Wegge-
mann, an American swimmer
who is paralyzed from the waist
down, learned that officials from
the International Paralympic
Committee had questions about
her level of ability and were re-
quiring her to submit to reclassi-
fication in London.
Weggemann has always swum
at the S7 level, against athletes
who, for instance, might have
double leg amputations or paral-
ysis down one side of their bod-
ies. But after a physical evalua-
tion by two examiners four days
ago, she was abruptly moved to
level S8, a class in which the ath-
letes are less disabled. “I have no function or feeling
from the belly button down, and
now I’m competing against peo-
ple who are, say, missing just one
arm or have leg amputations be-
low the knee,” Weggeman said. “I
think there’s a significant differ-
ence in functional ability between
myself and the new competitors.” It works both ways, and ath-
letes say they have all heard of
instances of people trying to
game the system. “I think I’m in the right class,
but always there are some people
who — how do you say this? — lie
a little more than others and pre-
tend to be worse than they are,”
said Amaya Alonso, a Spanish
swimmer who competed Thurs-
day in the women’s 400-meter
freestyle S12 class, for swimmers
with visual impairments.
One competitor, who did not
want to be identified talking
about cheating, said: “You hear
people say, ‘Well, I know what it
takes to be a I or a II.’ Everybody
is in search of that win, present
company included, and I’m told
that some people are less than
scrupulous.” Asked if the system was vul-
nerable to abuse, Mr. van der
Vliet said: “I can counter that
one with a question: can I elim-
inate doping from the Games?”
(The answer is no.) The most notorious example of
Paralympic classification ma-
nipulation took place at the 2000
Games in Sydney. The Spanish
men’s intellectual disability bas-
ketball team was stripped of its
gold medal after it emerged that
many of its members were not in-
tellectually disabled at all. After that, mentally disabled
athletes were barred from the
Paralympics while officials re-
vised the classification process;
they are back again this year. The athletes say they sympa-
thize with the difficulties faced by
the classifiers, who are forced to
determine how to sort people who
have several hundred different
types and degrees of disability. “No system is perfect,” Dale
Dedrick, a U.S. para-equestrian
who has systemic lupus and com-
petes at Level II, said in an
e-mail. “Before I would wish to
challenge someone else’s disabili-
ty, however, I would consider
carefully the old adage of walking
a mile in their shoes.” LUKE WOLAGIEWICZ FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Dale Dedrick competing in dressage at the Paralympics. “No system is perfect,” he said of the classifications for athletes.
At Paralympics, Disabilities Can Be in Dispute
CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES
Donna Ponessa has M.S. She
uses a wheelchair and a venti-
lator, except when she rides.
From Page A1
A4
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By DECLAN WALSH
K
ARACHI
, Pakistan
T
HE audience erupted as Aamir Liaquat Hus-
sain, Pakistan’s premier televangelist, dart-
ed around the television studio, firing off
questions about Islam. “How many gates are there
to heaven?” he challenged. Children leapt from their seats, their mothers
yelled answers, fathers strained forward, all hop-
ing to catch the eye of Mr. Hussain, who worked
the crowd like a circus ringmaster — cajoling, teas-
ing, rewarding.
“Show me the tongue of a snake!” he command-
ed a bearded man, as part of a question about sym-
bolic serpents. The man obediently stuck out his
tongue, prompting hoots of laughter. To the victors, Mr. Hussain tossed prizes: mobile
phones, tubs of cooking oil, chits for plots of land,
shirts from his own clothing line. Then he van-
ished, briefly, only to return on a purring motor-
bike — also up for grabs.
When a shy-looking man answered Mr. Hus-
sain’s theological teaser correctly, the preacher
grabbed the man’s hand and thrust it high, in the
manner of a prizefighter. The audience applauded. “It’s the Islamic version of the ‘The Price is
Right,’” said the studio manager, standing behind a
camera. Mr. Hussain, 41, is a broadcasting sensation in
Pakistan. His marathon transmissions during the
recent holy month of Ramadan — 11 hours a day,
for 30 days straight — offered viewers a kaleido-
scopic mix of prayer, preaching, game shows and
cookery, and won record ratings for his channel,
Geo Entertainment. “This is not just a religious show; we want to en-
tertain people through Islam,” Mr. Hussain said
during a backstage interview, serving up a chicken
dish he had prepared on the show. “And the people
love it.” Yet Mr. Hussain is also a deeply contentious fig-
ure, accused of using his television pulpit to pro-
mote hate speech and crackpot conspiracy theo-
ries. He once derided a video showing Taliban
fighters flogging a young woman as an “interna-
tional conspiracy.” He supported calls to kill the au-
thor Salman Rushdie. Most controversially, in 2008 he hosted a showin
which Muslim clerics declared that members of the
“This is not just a religious show; we want to entertain people through Islam. And the people love it.” AAMIR LIAQUAT HUSSAIN
DIEGO IBARRA SANCHEZ FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES THE SATURDAY PROFILE A Superstar Televangelist in Pakistan Divides, Then Repents
Continued on Page A8
ference came a day after Egypt’s new Is-
lamist president, Mohamed Morsi, sur-
prised his Iranian hosts with a ringing
repudiation of Mr. Assad’s government
that reflected broad Arab support for the
insurgency in Syria. Experts said the
speech by Mr. Morsi, whose participa-
tion in the meeting had been welcomed
by Iran as a sign of an anti-Western pow-
er shift in the Middle East, should have
been a wake-up call to the Iranians. “On the one hand, they got a predict-
able but very helpful endorsement of
their right to develop peaceful nuclear
power, but their strategic position on
Syria was not helped at all,” said Au-
gustus Richard Norton, an Islamic schol-
ar and professor of international rela-
tions at Boston University.
“That was a shot across the bow,” he
said. “It gives them a sense that they’re
mainly out of touch with mainstream
opinion with the Arab world. That should
concern them quite a lot.”
Ayatollah Khamenei indirectly criti-
cized Mr. Morsi for his remarks, which
created an awkward obstacle to Iran, the
rotating president of the Nonaligned
Movement through 2015.
An influential former ambassador,
Hossein Sheikholeslam,was more blunt.
He was quoted by the semiofficial Mehr
By THOMAS ERDBRINK
TEHRAN — The 120-nation Non-
aligned Movement handed its host Iran a
diplomatic victory on Friday, unani-
mously decreeing support for the dis-
puted Iranian nuclear energy program
and criticizing the American-led attempt
to isolate and punish Iran with unilateral
economic sanctions. But the group’s communiqué, issued
by Iranian state news media at the end
of its annual meeting, omitted any men-
tion of support for Syria, Iran’s vital Mid-
dle East ally, which appeared to reflect a
view among many members that the
Syrian government’s attempt to crush
the uprising there was indefensible.
The conspicuous omission of Syria
from the document, called the Tehran
Declaration, followed a dramatic day of
maneuvering by Iran’s delegation to se-
cure some kind of support for Syria’s
government, diplomats said, as the su-
preme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei,
and his aides were criticizing foreign
backing of the Syrian insurgency.
Nonetheless for Iran, the final result of
the Nonaligned Movement’s meeting,
the biggest international gathering in
Iran since the 1979 Islamic Revolution,
amounted to the strongest expression of
support for Iran’s nuclear energy rights
in its showdown with the West. The
unanimous backing of the final docu-
ment undercut the American argument
that Iran was an isolated outlier nation.
The Tehran Declaration document not
only emphasizes Iran’s right to peaceful
nuclear energy but acknowledges the
right to ownership of a full nuclear fuel
cycle, which means uranium enrichment
— a matter of deep dispute.
The United Nations Security Council
has repeatedly demanded a halt to all
Iranian uranium enrichment until Iran
can allay suspicions that it is seeking the
ability to make nuclear weapons. The
United States has led a Western effort to
punish Iran with increasingly onerous
economic sanctions while Iran defies the
Security Council’s demands. Iran, which has repeatedly asserted
that its nuclear program is peaceful, con-
tends it is already in compliance with its
obligations as a signatory to the Nuclear
Nonproliferation Treaty and has coun-
tered that Israel, which is not a signato-
ry, has an unacknowledged nuclear
weapons arsenal. Israel, which regards
Iran as its major enemy, has threatened
to attack Iranian enrichment sites.
The nuclear issue was further high-
lighted by a new report issued Thursday
by the International Atomic Energy
Agency, the nuclear monitor of the Unit-
ed Nations, asserting that Iran had rap-
idly escalated its uranium enrichment
capacity in recent months.
The Syrians emerged as the big losers
at the Nonaligned meeting, with Iran
first unwilling and later unable to gather
support for President Bashar al-Assad’s
government. In the days preceding the
closing ceremony, Iranian leaders re-
mained silent on Syria to prevent dis-
agreements, Iranian officials acknowl-
edged.
Frustration was visible on Friday af-
ternoon when the Iranian foreign min-
ister, Ali Akbar Salehi, could be seen
talking and gesturing in the main hall
while debating with his Syrian counter-
part for nearly 20 minutes, witnesses
said. The Syrians left the room after-
ward, only to reappear hours later.
Diplomats said that in the afternoon,
the Iranian delegation pushed for a sep-
arate paragraph on Syria and nonprolif-
eration, which was resisted by Arab del-
egations. India, itself a nuclear power,
was also unhappy with the proposed
nonproliferation language, sources in
the conference said.
Iran’s inability to help Syria at the con-
news agency as saying that the Egyp-
tian president had overstepped diplo-
matic principles, displayed political im-
maturity and made “a big mistake.”
Further signs of friction emanated
from actions by another honored guest
at the Nonaligned Movement meeting,
Ban Ki-moon, the United Nations secre-
tary general, whose participation was
considered by Iranian officials to be an
important repudiation of American and
Israeli efforts to ostracize Iran. In a
speech at Iran’s School of International
Relations, Mr. Ban said that he had pri-
vately urged Ayatollah Khamenei to re-
lease all political prisoners.
With the summit meeting serving as a
venue for Iranian leaders to convince
their domestic audience of Iran’s in-
ternational importance, state television
ignored remarks that deviated from the
official political narrative. Most Iranian
media outlets did not comment on the
contentious parts of Mr. Morsi’s speech.
One Iranian official, however, said
Iran had welcomed Mr. Morsi’s opinion.
“We are not against expression of
views,” the official, Mohammad Javad
Larijani,the head of Iran’s High Council
for Human Rights, was quoted by the
Mehr news agency as saying. “We also
believe that no one should impose one’s
opinion on others.”
Nonaligned Nations Back Iran on Nuclear Power, but Not on Syria
Rick Gladstone contributed reporting
from New York. By ANNA KORDUNSKY and DAVID M. HERSZENHORN
MOSCOW — Russian officials
said Friday that they had ar-
rested a 38-year-old man who
confessed to a grisly double mur-
der in Kazan, in which two wom-
en were found stabbed and with
“Free! Pussy Riot” written in
blood on a wall nearby. Officials said that the suspect,
Igor Danilevsky, was romantical-
ly involved with one of the vic-
tims and had admitted to writing
the slogan in an effort to divert
investigators by suggesting a re-
ligious or political motive in what
turned out to be a domestic dis-
pute. The case illustrated how elec-
trically charged the debate re-
mains in Russia over the two-
year prison sentences handed
down Aug. 17 for three women in
the punk band Pussy Riot, who
were convicted of hooliganism
for an anti-Putin protest that they
staged in Moscow’s main Rus-
sian Orthodox cathedral. The authorities in Kazan, 500
miles east of Moscow, never sug-
gested any connection between
the double murder and the Pussy
Riot case, which generated
worldwide attention. But graphic
photographs of the bloody mes-
sage, written in capital letters in
English, set off a frenzy of spec-
ulation by some Russian news or-
ganizations. Your Day, a Moscow-based tab-
loid newspaper, ran a front-page
headline on Friday saying,
“Dancing on Blood: Supporters
of Pussy Riot Bludgeoned Two
Women and Wrote a Demand to
Free the Singers with Blood.” The Ural Information Bureau,
a Yekaterinburg-based news
agency, headlined its story “Pus-
sy Riot Supporters Resorted to
Murders.” The article began,
“They have hacked up a pension-
er and her daughter with a knife.” Young Guard, a publication of
the youth wing of the governing
United Russia party, published
an article with a similar headline:
“Two Women Were Sacrificed in
the Name of Pussy Riot.” Even a spokesman for the Rus-
sian Orthodox Church, Arch-
priest Dmitri Smirnov,said the
punk band and its supporters
bore some responsibility. “This
blood is now on the conscience of
the community supporting Pussy
Riot,” he told the news agency In-
terfax on Thursday. During the trial of the band
members, lawyers for churchgo-
ers who were deemed victims in
the case accused the three de-
fendants of engaging in Satanism
and committing “moral harm.”
They were repeatedly described
as heretics with no respect for
the Russian Orthodox Church. The band’s supporters reacted
to the photographs of the murder
scene with a mixture of horror
and dismay. “What happened in Kazan is
horrible,” Nikolai Polozov, a law-
yer for the group, wrote on Twit-
ter. “Pussy Riot have always
stood for nonviolent protest. This
case is a result of either mon-
strous provocation or psychosis.” Mr. Polozov suggested that if
the killer had written “United
Russia” on the wall, no one would
be blaming politicians. “His
tracks would have led to the par-
ty?” he asked. In fact, the investigation led to
Mr. Danilevsky, who was arrest-
ed at his parents’ apartment in
Kazan. Investigators said he had
confessed to killing Lilya Zaripo-
va, 38, and her mother, Farida
Zaripova, 76, who lived together
in a quiet neighborhood. In a statement, the federal In-
vestigative Committee said Mr.
Danilevsky was romantically
linked to the younger Ms. Zaripo-
va, and had stabbed her and her
mother to death during an argu-
ment over money. Officials said
he stole about $3,100 in cash and
two cellphones before fleeing. Investigators said Mr. Danilev-
sky wrote on the wall “to deflect
suspicion from himself and make
it seem like a ritual killing.” Eduard Limonov,the writer
and opposition political activist
who heads a group called Other
Russia, said the efforts to connect
Pussy Riot and its supporters to
the murders showed that all of
Russia had been overcome by
“collective psychosis.” NIKOLAY ALEXANDROV/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Igor Danilevsky, right, with his mother in court on Friday, wrote
a message about Pussy Riot to confuse officials, the police say.
Russians Call Murder-Site Note on Band a Diversion
N
A5
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By DAVID BARBOZA
SHANGHAI — The Chinese
dissident who served 10 years af-
ter being convicted of state sub-
version on evidence provided by
the American Internet giant Ya-
hoo is under sharp restrictions,
his wife said Friday, after he was
released and returned home.
The dissident, Wang Xiaoning,
62, was released from the Beijing
No.2 prison. Just after 2 a.m., he
was taken to a local police station
and told that he was not to speak
the news media, not to partici-
pate in any protests or demon-
strations, and not to give any
speeches, and that he would be
closely monitored, his wife, Yu
Ling,said in a telephone inter-
view. “This was not a condition of his
release, but he was told to follow
these rules,” she said.
Mr. Wang, a former engineer,
distributed pro-democracy writ-
ings using e-mail and Yahoo for-
ums, often anonymously. He was
detained on Sept. 1, 2002, and con-
victed of “inciting subversion of
state power” using information
the Chinese authorities received
from Yahoo. Around the same
time, Shi Tao, a Chinese journal-
ist, was convicted of providing
state secrets to overseas entities
also based on evidence provided
by Yahoo’s subsidiary in Hong
Kong. He is still in prison. Lawmakers and human rights
activists sharply criticized Yahoo
for providing information to the
Chinese authorities, and for co-
operating in investigations in-
volving dissidents. Yahoo eventually apologized
for its role in the case and settled
a lawsuit brought by the families
of several Chinese activists, pay-
ing an undisclosed amount of
compensation.
Yahoo issued a statement on
Friday but did not comment di-
rectly on Mr. Wang’s release.
“Yahoo! condemns political sup-
pression wherever and however
it occurs, and we are committed
to efforts like the Global Network
Initiative that bring together
companies, human rights groups
and other stakeholders to active-
ly promote free expression and
privacy on the Internet,” the
statement said. “We hope that
democratic governments around
the world continue to push for the
release of any individuals target-
ed for simply expressing their po-
litical beliefs.”
Ms. Yu said described her hus-
band’s “physical and mental con-
ditions” as “relatively good” but
said he had been “a little frail and
gasping” when he returned. She
noted that he had high blood
pressure and that he was not able
to get enough exercise in prison.
“He was very excited to come
out and to be able to see us,” she
said. “He didn’t sleep for the
whole night until just now.”
Joshua Rosenzweig, a human
rights researcher based in Hong
Kong, said Mr. Wang’s case
showed how the authorities in
China could twist the justice sys-
tem.“That Wang Xiaoning could
be deprived of his freedom for a
decade on charges of ‘inciting
subversion’ is an unambiguous
example of how Chinese authori-
ties misuse laws designed to pro-
tect national security in an effort
to protect its monopoly on power
from being subjected to criti-
cism,” Mr. Rosenzweig wrote in
an e-mail. “The Chinese society Wang re-
enters enjoys more space for crit-
ical voices than it did a decade
ago, but those who express them-
selves politically continue to risk
crossing that invisible line that
separates ‘acceptable’ criticism
from ‘incitement.’”
Chinese Dissident,Jailedon Evidence Provided by Yahoo,Is Freed
Xu Yan contributed research. A6
Ø Ø
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By ERIC SCHMITT
WASHINGTON — Risking a
new breach in relations with Pa-
kistan, the Obama administration
is leaning toward designating the
Haqqani network, the insurgent
group responsible for some of the
most spectacular assaults on
American bases in Afghanistan
in recent years, as a terrorist or-
ganization. With a Congressional reporting
deadline looming, Secretary of
State Hillary Rodham Clinton
and top military officials are said
to favor placing sanctions on the
network, which operates in Af-
ghanistan and Pakistan, accord-
ing to half a dozen current and
former administration officials.
A designation as a terrorist or-
ganization would help dry up the
group’s fund-raising activities in
countries like Saudi Arabia and
United Arab Emirates, press Pa-
kistan to carry out long-promised
military action against the insur-
gents, and sharpen the adminis-
tration’s focus on devising pol-
icies and operations to weaken
the group, advocates say. But no final decision has been
made. A spirited internal debate
has American officials, including
several at the White House, wor-
ried about the consequences of
such a designation not only for
relations with Pakistan, but also
for peace talks with the Taliban
and the fate of Sgt. Bowe Berg-
dahl,the only American soldier
known to be held by the militants. Perhaps the most important
consideration, administration
and Congressional officials say, is
whether the designation would
make any difference in the
group’s ability to raise money or
stage more assaults as the Amer-
ican-led NATO force draws down
in Afghanistan. Several Haqqani
leaders have already been desig-
nated individually as “global ter-
rorists,” so the issue now is what
would be gained by designating
the entire organization. An administration official in-
volved in the debate, who de-
clined to speak on the record be-
cause of the continuing decision-
making process, said, “The optics
of designating look great, and the
chest-thumping is an under-
standable expression of senti-
ment, but everyone has to calm
down and say, ‘What does it actu-
ally do?’” Mrs. Clinton, in the Cook Is-
lands at the start of a trip to Asia,
declined to discuss the internal
debate but said she would meet
the Congressional deadline in
September.“I’d like to under-
score that we are putting steady
pressure on the Haqqanis,” she
said.“That is part of what our
military does every day.”
A National Security Council
spokeswoman, Caitlin Hayden,
would not comment on the ad-
ministration’s internal delibera-
tions, but hinted in an e-mail on
Friday at the White House’s pref-
erences for using other means to
pressure the group. “We’ve taken
steps to degrade the Haqqani
Taliban network’s ability to carry
out attacks, including drying up
their resources, targeting them
with our military and intelligence
resources, and pressing Pakistan
to take action,” the e-mail said.
Critics also contend that a des-
ignation by the Treasury Depart-
ment or the United Nations, or
under an existing executive or-
der, could achieve the same re-
sult as adding the network to the
much more prominent State De-
partment list, with far fewer con-
sequences. The internal debate has been
so divisive that the United States
intelligence community has been
assigned to prepare classified
analyses on the possible reper-
cussions of a designation on Paki-
stan. “The whole thing is ab-
surd,” said one senior American
official who has long favored des-
ignating the group, expressing
frustration with the delay. The administration has debat-
ed the designation for nearly two
years, with senior military offi-
cers like Gen. John R. Allen, com-
mander of American and NATO
troops in Afghanistan, and many
top counterterrorism officials ar-
guing for it.
This year, bipartisan pressure
in Congress to add the group to
the terrorist list has grown. “It is
well past time to designate this
network as a terrorist group,”
Senator Dianne Feinstein, the
California Democrat who is chair-
woman of the Intelligence Com-
mittee, said in July. With virtually unanimous
backing, Congress approved
legislation that President Obama
signed into law on Aug. 10 giving
Mrs. Clinton 30 days to deter-
mine whether the Haqqani net-
work is a terrorist group. If she
says it is not, she must explain
her reasoning in a report to law-
makers by Sept. 9.
On one level, the decision
seems clear-cut. Since 2008, Haq-
qani suicide attackers in Afghani-
stan have struck the Indian Em-
bassy, hotels and restaurants and
the headquarters of the NATO-
led International Security Assist-
ance Force and the American
Embassy. A recent report by the Combat-
ing Terrorism Center at West
Point described how the Haqqani
network had evolved into a “so-
phisticated, diverse and trans-
national crime network.” In a paper for the Heritage
Foundation, Lisa Curtis,a senior
research fellow at the foundation
and a former C.I.A. analyst on
South Asia, said, “The U.S.
should stand by its counterter-
rorism principles and identify
this deadly terrorist organization
for what it is.” American officials confirmed
this week that a senior member
of the Haqqani family leadership,
Badruddin Haqqani, the net-
work’s operational commander,
was killed last week in a drone
strike in Pakistan’s tribal areas. Opponents cite several reasons
that designating the Haqqani net-
work a terrorist organization
could further complicate rela-
tions between the United States
and Pakistan, just as relations
are getting back on track after
months of grueling negotiations
that finally reopened NATO sup-
ply routes through Pakistan. One reason, officials said, is
that such a move would seem to
bring Pakistan a step closer to
being designated as a state spon-
sor of terrorism. American offi-
cials say the Pakistani military’s
Inter-Services Intelligence Direc-
torate is covertly aiding the in-
surgents. Pakistani officials have
said that the agency maintains
regular contact with the Haqqa-
nis, but deny that it provides op-
erational support. They contend
that the Obama administration is
trying to deflect attention from
its own failings in Afghanistan. In his meetings at the Central
Intelligence Agency in early Au-
gust, Pakistan’s new spy chief,
Lt. Gen. Zahir ul-Islam, told the
C.I.A. director, David H. Pe-
traeus, that his country would not
protest the designation, if it was
given. Two other Pakistani offi-
cials said this week that the deci-
sion was “an internal American
issue.” American analysts believe
Pakistan would be reluctant to
publicly protest the designation
because to do so would substanti-
ate American beliefs that Paki-
stan supports the Haqqanis. Critics also voice concern that
designating the Haqqani network
could undermine peace talks with
the Taliban and complicate ef-
forts to win the release of Ser-
geant Bergdahl. The main American effort to
open negotiations with the Tali-
ban remains centered on the
talks in Qatar, where Taliban rep-
resentatives are supposed to be
opening an office. But those talks
were suspended by the insur-
gents in March, largely over a de-
layed prisoner swap for Sergeant
Bergdahl, held by the Haqqani
network since 2009. The United
States would have released five
insurgents from Guantánamo
Bay, Cuba, to win his release.
“A designation makes negotiat-
ing with the Taliban harder, and
would add another layer of things
to do to build confidence in order
to restart negotiations,” said Sha-
mila N. Chaudhary,a South Asia
analyst at the Eurasia Group who
was the director for Pakistan and
Afghanistan at the National Secu-
rity Council.
U.S. Seems Set to Brand Militant Group as ‘Terrorist’
Steven Lee Myers contributed re-
porting. Labeling the Haqqani
network risks a
breach in relations
with Pakistan.
By SALMAN MASOOD
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — The
cleric, Mohammad Khalid Chisti,
spoke with a self-righteous rage,
leading Friday Prayer in this
tense neighborhood and insisting
that he would never back down in
demanding a harsh punishment
for a Christian girl accused of
burning pages of a religious text.
“I can be chopped into pieces,
but I will not bow,” Mr. Chisti said
in a strong, emotional voice to a
gathering of like-minded local
residents. “My self-respect and
my life is for the Koran. I will
fight for it till my last breath.” Here in Mehr Jaffer, a slum
also known as Mehr Abadi, on the
outskirts of this city, the Muslim
majority lived peacefully beside a
Christian minority for years, in a
neighborhood where people fo-
cused on matters of sustenance,
of getting through their days.
Homes do not have natural gas
for cooking, and the stink of sew-
age fills the air. Now this commu-
nity finds itself in a global spot-
light that has focused attention
on Pakistan’s rigid blasphemy
laws and its diminished ability to
protect religious minorities.
Rimsha Masih, the girl at the
center of this conflict, remained
in jail on Friday. Ms. Masih had
been imprisoned last month after
Mr. Chisti charged that she
burned pages of the Noorani Qai-
da, a religious book used to teach
the Koran to children.
The hearing of the case was
again adjourned till Monday over
an issue of technicality after Rao
Abdul Rahim, a lawyer repre-
senting Malik Ammad, the com-
plainant, objected to one of the
lawyers who claims to be repre-
senting Ms. Masih. The judge, Azam Khan, asked
police officials to ask Ms. Masih
and her parents whether Riaz
Anjum, who had earlier filed a
bail application on behalf of Ms.
Masih, had their consent or not.
“They are using delaying tac-
tics,” said Tahir Naveed Chaudh-
ry, another lawyer who also rep-
resents Ms. Masih said, referring
to the complainants.
Pakistan’s colonial-era blas-
phemy laws have been vulner-
able to abuse since the 1980s,
since the legislation was amend-
ed to make blasphemy a capital
crime. But in recent years the is-
sue has bubbled to the surface as
religious zealots have abused the
law to persecute religious minor-
ities or to pursue grudges against
fellow Muslims. The case escalated when tem-
pers flared and neighbors sur-
rounded the police station where
the girl was held. Christian resi-
dents fled, fearing violence. But
by Friday, the neighborhood had
settled into an uneasy calm, as
about half the Christian families
returned, and Muslims com-
plained they were under intense
pressure to back off their de-
mands that the girl be punished. One point of dispute was the
girl’s age and mental fitness, with
her accusers saying she was 16
years old and fit to understand
her actions, and others saying
she was 11, with Down syndrome.
“I am under a lot of pressure,”
said Mr. Chisti, 30, a tall bearded
man, who was surrounded by
dozens of approving neighbors.
“Police officials keep visiting me.
Religious scholars are also in
contact. They are saying that we
should live with unity with Chris-
tians. But I am just asking for
punishment of breaking the law.”
Abdul Khaliq, 78, an elder of a
local government body, said lo-
cals handed the girl to the police
instead of harming her. “People
were very infuriated. But we did
not let anyone break the law. No
one tortured the family or burned
their house,” he said. While the residents see their
actions as being rather re-
strained, panic still rippled
through the 400 or so Christian
families in the area. “We are afraid. We are not sat-
isfied with the situation,” Ijaz
Ghori, 20, said, as he sat inside a
barbershop along with five other
men. Naeem Ajmal, 20, the barber-
shop owner, said that most of the
Christian men had returned to
their homes and that women
would too once things seemed
back to normal. Christians had been living side
by side with the Muslims more
than 12 years in the locality, the
men in the barbershop said.
There had been no overt tensions
earlier, but Christians said they
felt pressured not to perform
their religious duties openly. “We pray inside our houses,”
Mr. Ghori said. “There is no
sense of freedom.”
But nearby, in the area where
Muslims live, several conserva-
tive Muslim men complained
about how Christians lived.
Nadeem Haider, 20, a Muslim
shopkeeper, said he was repelled
by the sight of Christian women,
who mingled freely with men.
“They spread vulgarity,” he said
and added that liquor, which is
banned by Islam, is available in
the Christian neighborhood. The street where Ms. Masih’s
family lived was mostly deserted
before Friday Prayer. But as the
sound of prayer blared through a
loudspeaker, men began trickling
out, making way to the mosque.
Among them was Mr. Ammad, 22,
the neighbor of Ms. Masih who
had first told others about the
burned pages.
But even if the police investiga-
tion clears Ms. Masih, her neigh-
bors said it would not be possible
for her family to return. “We cannot ensure their safe-
ty,” said Mr. Khaliq, the elder.
B.K. BANGASH/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Christians who fled their neighborhood, where a girl was arrested on blasphemy charges, took refuge in a public park this week. Blasphemy Arrest Highlights Tensions in Pakistan
A slum is riven over
an accusation that a
Christian burned a
religious text.
N
A7
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By MATT SIEGEL
SYDNEY, Australia — Nearly
100 passengers from a boat
packed with refugees that sank
south of Indonesia this week are
presumed dead, Australian offi-
cials said Friday, making it ap-
parently the deadliest in a string
of boat disasters this year involv-
ing asylum seekers trying to
reach Australia.
The Australian Maritime Safe-
ty Authority, which had been co-
ordinating rescue efforts in the
area where the boat disappeared
off the main Indonesian island of
Java, said in a statement that it
had decided to call off the search,
saying there was “no realistic
prospect of survivability” for
those still missing. Fifty-five sur-
vivors from the vessel, which is-
sued the first of two distress calls
early Wednesday morning, were
pulled from the sea by a group of
commercial and Australian mil-
itary vessels before rescue opera-
tions ended. The Sydney Morn-
ing Herald reported that all the
survivors were Hazaras from Af-
ghanistan and Pakistan.
One body was recovered from
the water, and six of the survi-
vors were in critical condition, an
Indonesian official told The Asso-
ciated Press. Australia said the
boat was believed to have been
carrying 150 people. Australia has tried for years to
come up with a policy that would
deter would-be immigrants from
trying to reach Christmas Island,
a territory in the Indian Ocean
that is Australia’s closest point to
Indonesia. Thousands of asylum
seekers try to reach the island
each year in rickety, overcrowd-
ed vessels, leading to accidents at
sea that have killed more than
600 people since late 2009. The Australian Parliament
passed legislation in mid-August
to allow boat refugees to be de-
ported to offshore detention cen-
ters in an effort to discourage
asylum seekers from attempting
the voyage, but the policy has yet
to have a significant impact.
“It’s a big ocean; it’s a danger-
ous ocean,” Prime Minister Julia
Gillard said Friday. “We’ve seen
too many people lose their lives
trying to make the journey to
Australia.” She had proposed
sending asylum seekers to Ma-
laysia for processing, but the plan
was rejected by Australia’s high-
est court, and negotiations over a
replacement plan broke down.
Also on Friday, Indonesian
fishermen rescued 43 Sri Lan-
kans who had been adrift in a
boat for nine days after their en-
gine broke down while trying to
reach Australia to seek asylum,
an Indonesian police captain told
The Associated Press.
The capsized ship disaster ap-
peared to be the largest of its
kind in terms of loss of life this
year. About 90 people are be-
lieved to have drowned in June
after another boat full of asylum
seekers capsized during a similar
journey from Java. The Indonesian search-and-
rescue authority, Basarnas, has
come under scrutiny in Australia
for its handling of the opening
stages of the rescue operation
this week. The first survivors
were not found until nearly 23
hours after the first distress call;
Basarnas had ended its search on
Wednesday after its initial sweep
turned up no survivors, later say-
ing it regretted having done so.
Australian newspapers ques-
tioned whether Indonesia, which
has no nighttime search capabili-
ties, should have been in charge
in the first place. The criticism
had grown so loud by Friday that
Ms. Gillard publicly defended
Indonesia’s response, saying, “I
believe Indonesian authorities
did the best that they could.”
Nearly 100 Migrants Are Presumed Dead at Sea, Australia Says
A8
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
ASIA
Japan and North Korea Agree to Hold More Talks
Japan and North Korea ended their first direct talks in four years on
Friday with an agreement to meet again as early as next month. Japa-
nese analysts have said that the talks in Beijing may be a signal that the
North’s new ruler, Kim Jong-un, wants to improve his nation’s destitute
economy by reaching out to Japan. They said Mr. Kim might also be try-
ing to reduce his country’s economic dependence on China, which sup-
plies the North with fuel and food. Disagreements over issues like the
fate of Japanese citizens abducted by North Korea decades ago had led
Japan to cut off all trade and ties with the North. On Friday, a Japanese
government spokesman said the abduction issue would be on the agen-
da when the two nations meet again. MARTINFACKLER
Cambodia: Frenchman Exits From a Chinese Scandal
A French architect questioned in China as part of an investigation into a
political scandal has returned to his home in Cambodia, a government
official said Friday. The Frenchman, Patrick Henri Devillers, 52, re-
turned to Phnom Penh after helping Chinese authorities with their in-
vestigation of Gu Kailai, who was given a suspended death sentence on
Aug. 20 after confessing to the murder of a British businessman, Neil
Heywood. Ms. Gu, who had business links with Mr. Devillers, is the wife
of Bo Xilai, whose political career came to an abrupt halt after a police
official who had sought refuge in a United States consulate said Mr. Bo
had covered up Mr. Heywood’s murder. Mr. Devillers was detained in
June and held for several weeks by Cambodian police before he went to
China. It was not known what details he provided to Chinese officials. (REUTERS)
Pakistan: Bomb Kills at Least 11 People at a Market
A powerful car bomb ripped through a market in northwestern Paki-
stan on Friday, killing at least 11 people, the police said. The explosion in
a bazaar near Peshawar also wounded 20 people and damaged 30
shops, a police official said. No one claimed responsibility for the attack.
Meanwhile, at least 15 Pakistani soldiers have been reported missing af-
ter a clash with Taliban fighters in Salarzai in the Bajur tribal region,
two security officials said Friday. They said the authorities lost contact
with the troops on Tuesday after fighting broke out. (AP)
India: 32 Sentenced Over Deadly Gujarat Riots in 2002
Mayaben Kodnani, a top lieutenant of one of India’s
most powerful politicians was sentenced to 28 years
in prison on Friday for her role in an attack that
killed at least 94 people during the 2002 Gujarat riots.
Ms. Kodnani, a state legislator and former state edu-
cation minister, was convicted of murder, arson and
conspiracy. The trial’s other 31 defendants also re-
ceived long prison terms. Ms. Kodnani, left, was a
confidante of Narendra Modi, Gujarat’s chief min-
ister and a top contender to become the Bharatiya
Janata Party’s candidate for prime minister in elections scheduled for
2014. Mr. Modi has long been plagued by accusations that he dis-
couraged the police from protecting Muslims during the riots, charges
he has denied. The riots, which claimed the lives of more than 1,000 peo-
ple, are the first in India’s history to be followed by significant prosecu-
tions and convictions. GARDINER HARRIS
EUROPE
Armenia: Dispute Darkens Relations With Hungary
Armenia said it was suspending diplomatic relations with Hungary on
Friday because Hungary had allowed a soldier from Azerbaijan who
killed an Armenian officer in 2004 to return home, where he was imme-
diately pardoned and freed. The dispute erupted after Azerbaijan’s
president, Ilham Aliyev, pardoned the soldier, Ramil Safarov, who had
been sentenced to life in prison for the 2004 killing of an Armenian offi-
cer during NATO training in Hungary. Hungary agreed to return Mr.
Safarov to Azerbaijan after it had received assurances that he would
serve out his sentence. Armenia and Azerbaijan have been at odds
since a war between ethnic Azeris and Armenians erupted in 1991 over
the mainly Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. Hungary has been
developing economic ties with energy-rich Azerbaijan. (REUTERS)
MIDDLE EAST
Yemen: Drone Kills Suspected Militants, Officials Say
Military officials said Friday that an airstrike hit a vehicle carrying pas-
sengers suspected of being militants who were traveling in eastern
Yemen, killing eight.One Yemeni official said the attack, the third such
strike this week,was carried out by a United States drone. Seven other
people suspected of being militants have been killed in airstrikes in the
area since Tuesday. (AP)
THE AMERICAS
Mexico: Drug Gang Suspect Extradited to the U.S.
A 20-year investigation into one of Mexico’s largest drug trafficking or-
ganizations came to a close Friday with the extradition of Eduardo Arel-
lano-Félix, a top operative of the gang, to San Diego. After exhausting
his legal appeals in Mexico, he will face a variety of charges, including
racketeering and money laundering, in a United States court. The Mex-
ican government sent Mr. Arellano-Félix, a capo in the Arellano-Félix
organization led by his family members, to the United States more than
four years after his arrest following a shootout with Mexican police. His
brothers are already serving long sentences in the United States, and
the Drug Enforcement Administration contends that the gang has
largely been crippled, though several others have taken its place as top
suppliers of cocaine and marijuana to the United States. Still, Lanny A.
Breuer, a Justice Department official, called the extradition “a mile-
stone in our fight against the Mexican drug cartels.” RANDAL C.ARCHIBOLD
Canada: A Theft Casts a Pall Over Breakfast Plates The police said Friday that thieves had stolen a considerable amount of
maple syrup from a warehouse in Quebec. Sgt. Claude Denis of Que-
bec’s provincial police said it was too soon to determine the exact quan-
tity or value of the syrup stolen from the warehouse, where more 10 mil-
lion pounds — about $30 million worth — is stored. Representatives of
the Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers said they discovered
that the syrup was missing when they conducted a routine inventory of
the site, in St.-Louis-de-Blandford, and noticed empty barrels. Quebec
produces 70 to 80 percent of the world’s maple syrup. (AP)
World Briefing Ahmadi community, a vulnerable
religious minority, were “deserv-
ing of death.” Forty-eight hours
later, two Ahmadi leaders, one of
them an American citizen, had
been shot dead in Punjab and
Sindh Provinces. Many media critics held Mr.
Hussain partly responsible, and
the show so appalled American
diplomats that they urged the
State Department to sever a lu-
crative contract with Geo, which
they accused of “specifically tar-
geting” Ahmadis, according to a
November 2008 cable published
by WikiLeaks. Now, Mr. Hussain casts himself
as a repentant sinner. In his first
Ramadan broadcast, he declared
that Ahmadis had an “equal right
to freedom” and issued a broad
apology for “anything I had said
or done.” In interviews, prompt-
ed by his own management, he
portrays himself as a torchbearer
for progressive values. “Islam is a religion of harmony,
love and peace,” he said, as he
waited to have his makeup re-
freshed. “But tolerance is the
main thing.”
I
N some ways, Mr. Hussain is
emblematic of the cable televi-
sion revolution that has
shaped public discourse in Paki-
stan over the past decade. He
was the face of Geo when the up-
start, Urdu-language station be-
gan broadcasting from a five-star
hotel in Karachi in 2002. Then he
went political, winning a parlia-
mentary seat in elections late
that year. The station gave him a
religious chat show, Aalim
Online, which brought together
Sunni and Shiite clerics. The
showreceived a broad welcome
in a society troubled by sectarian
tensions; it also brought Mr. Hus-
sain to the attention of the mili-
tary leader Gen. Pervez Mushar-
raf, who was reportedly touched
by its content. In 2005, General
Musharraf appointed him junior
minister for religious affairs, a
post he held for two years. Mr. Hussain’s success, with his
manic energy and quick-fire
smile, is rooted in his folksy
broadcasting style, described as
charming by fans and oily by crit-
ics. By his own admission, he has
little formal religious training,
apart from a mail-order doctorate
in Islamic studies he obtained
from an online Spanish universi-
ty in order to qualify for election
in 2002. “I have the experience of thou-
sands of clerics; in my mind
there are thousands of answers,”
he said. That pious image was dented
in 2011 when embarrassing out-
takes from his show, leaked on
YouTube, showed him swearing
like a sailor during the breaks
and making crude jokes with
chuckling clerics. “It was my
lighter side,” Mr. Hussain said.
(Previously, he had claimed the
tapes were doctored.)
But that episode did little to
hurt his appeal to the middle-
class Pakistanis who form his
core audience. “Aamir Liaquat is
a warm, honest and soft-natured
person,” said Shahida Rao, a
veiled Karachi resident, as she
entered a recent broadcast, ac-
companied by her 6-year-old
grandson. “We like him a lot.” Senior colleagues at Geo are
less enthusiastic. After an accu-
mulation of controversies, includ-
ing the Ahmadi show and on-air
criticism of sex education materi-
al in school textbooks, he left the
station in 2010. But Geo struggled
to find a replacement and last
June brought him back, causing
consternation among senior an-
chors and managers, several of
whom threatened to resign, sen-
ior executives said. “It created a lot of noise,” said
one, speaking on the condition of
anonymity. “Many of us wanted
to know what he was coming
back as.” The answers were provided by
the network’s chief executive,
Mir Ibrahim Rahman, a 34-year-
old Harvard graduate who ar-
gues that Pakistan needs people
like Mr. Hussain, who hold water
with Islamic conservatives, to in-
crementally change society. “We are still recovering from
the Zia years; we can’t move too
fast,” Mr. Rahman said, referring
to the excesses of the Islamist
dictator Gen. Mohammad Zia ul-
Haq in the 1980s. “We need peo-
ple like him to ease us down the
mountain.” To placate internal critics, Geo
has just published a code of con-
duct for its journalists. “We’ve
taken stock of the excesses that
have been committed,” said the
channel’s president, Imran
Aslam, referring to a variety of
controversies involving the sta-
tion.“It’s an important start.” But commercial imperatives
also loom large, and in that
arena, Mr. Hussain’s value is un-
questioned.
C
OMPETITION for ratings
at Ramadan is fierce
among Pakistan’s televi-
sion stations, and this year the
race had a feverish feel. One sta-
tion hired Veena Malik, a racy ac-
tress better known for posing
seminude for an Indian maga-
zine, to present its religious pro-
grams. One of her shows featured
a live exorcismof a supernatural
spirit that, conveniently enough,
had called the station by tele-
phone. Another station broadcast
the conversion of a Hindu boy to
Islam, drawing wide criticism. By contrast, Mr. Hussain’s
show seemed a model of re-
straint, though the set’s extrava-
gance may have suggested other-
wise. The centerpiece was a giant
boat that represented Noah’s
Ark, but closely resembled a craft
from the “Pirates of the Caribbe-
an” movie franchise. Live ani-
mals wandered the set, including
flamingos, peacocks and deer.
Studio guests included Abdul
Qadeer Khan, the father of Paki-
stan’s nuclear weapon program,
and Imran Khan, the cricketer-
turned-conservative politician.
Ratings peaked on Aug. 12 when
the studio moved to a cavernous
exhibition hall that held 30,000
people — the largest studio audi-
ence in Pakistan’s history, execu-
tives said.
Mr. Hussain, unsurprisingly,
has become rich. Although his salary is a closely
guarded secret, Geo sources said
top names can earn $30,000 a
month — income that, in Mr. Hus-
sain’s case, is increased by lucra-
tive product sponsorship deals,
his clothing line and by leading
religious pilgrimages to Saudi
Arabia. He keeps tight security, includ-
ing bodyguards and an armored
vehicle, since his acrimonious de-
parture from the Muttahida Qau-
mi Movement,a political party at
the center of Karachi’s often vio-
lent power struggles, in 2008. A
senior party official said Mr. Hus-
sain had “nothing to fear” from
the party. Mr. Hussain hopes to shrug
controversy off in his latest incar-
nation. “Even the liberals will
love me,” he said, a touch opti-
mistically. He has even devel-
oped a soft spot for the United
States, the bête noir of Pakistani
conservatives. After a family va-
cation in New York last year, he
returned with a honey sauce that
he uses during his cooking broad-
casts. “I call it my Manhattan sauce,”
he said.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY DIEGO IBARRA SANCHEZ FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Aamir Liaquat Hussain worked the crowd like a circus ringmaster, giving prizes like cellphones and shirts from his clothing line.
Fans arrived at the TV studio to attend the show. Because of the huge demand, security staff
members have to check every invitation letter and pat down members of the audience.
THE SATURDAY PROFILE
A Televangelist in Pakistan Divides, Then Repents
From Page A4
By GRAHAM BOWLEY and TAIMOOR SHAH
KABUL, Afghanistan — The
decapitated bodies of a 7-year-old
girl and a 12-year-old boy found
Friday in the country’s south and
east continued a spate of grisly
beheadings in Afghanistan this
week.
The body of the boy was dis-
covered in the rural Panjwai dis-
trict of Kandahar Province in the
south, where the Taliban retain
command of some areas despite
regular clearing operations by
American and Afghan forces. Residents and officials said the
Taliban had killed the boy be-
cause his brother and uncle were
members of the local police. The
Taliban denied killing him. There was no immediate expla-
nation for the killing of the girl,
whose body was found in a gar-
den in the Tagab district of east-
ern Kapisa Province, said the
governor of Kapisa, Mehrabudin
Safi. Mr. Safi said she had been
killed Thursday. “So far it is not
clear to the security forces who
was behind this beheading,” he
said. “The Taliban have not
claimed responsibility for it.”
On Sunday, 15 men and 2 wom-
en were beheaded in a Taliban
stronghold in Helmand Province,
in the south.
The boy who was killed had
been sent by his father from their
home in the Zhari district to Spir-
wan in the Panjwai district to
borrow money from a landowner
on Wednesday. The journey
would take at least a couple of
hours through a dusty desert re-
gion of mud-brick villages and
vineyards in western Kandahar.
But four Taliban fighters on
motorcycles picked up the boy,
local officials said.
“He was killed because I am
supporting the government,” said
the boy’s uncle, Mullah Zianul-
lah, who was a former Taliban
commander in Panjwai but last
year joined the peace and reinte-
gration process in Kandahar and
is now leading the local police in
Spirwan. “There is nothing else
except killing.”
Mullah Zianullah has a rep-
utation for tough dealing with the
Taliban, ordering his officers to
shoot insurgents on the spot, res-
idents said. The Taliban, in turn,
had warned him that no one in
his family was safe.
A village elder who did not give
his name offered another reason
that the boy, who was not named,
set out through Taliban territory:
he had worked on a poppy field
last year but had not been paid
and was going to claim his wages. Whatever the reason for the
boy’s journey, as soon as the Tali-
ban discovered his family’s in-
volvement with the Afghan Local
Police, a local militia trained by
American forces, they were swift
with their punishment, local offi-
cials said.
“The boy was beheaded imme-
diately and his headless body
dumped on the main road in Spir-
wan,” said Javed Faisal, the
spokesman for the Kandahar
governor.
A spokesman for the Taliban,
reached by phone, denied the ac-
counts. “Our supreme leader
strictly prohibited beheading,”
said the spokesman, Qari Yousuf
Ahmadi, referring to the Taliban
leader Mullah Muhammad Omar.
“We are not only rejecting it, but
condemning whoever carried it
out.”
But this was no consolation for
the boy’s uncle, who said in a
telephone interview that he could
not go to Spirwan to claim his
nephew’s body for fear of further
Taliban retribution.
“We have been told by people
living there that the body was
buried there, but we cannot go to
bring the body back and the oth-
er people are afraid to help us,”
he said.
Graham Bowley reported from
Kabul,and Taimoor Shah from
Kandahar, Afghanistan. Jawad
Sukhanyar contributed reporting. Decapitated Bodies of a Girl, 7, and a Boy, 12, Are Discovered in Afghanistan
A family’s connections
to the local police are
cited as motive in a
grisly death.
N
A9
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By ELISABETH BUMILLER and JULIE BOSMAN
WASHINGTON — The Penta-
gon on Friday threatened legal
action against the former mem-
ber of the Navy SEALs who has
written a first-person account of
the raid that killed Osama bin
Laden, but the author’s lawyer
and the book’s publisher, Pen-
guin, said they were proceeding
with publication on Sept. 4.
The Pentagon press secretary,
George Little, told reporters in a
briefing on Friday that the book’s
author, Matt Bissonnette, was “in
material breach of nondisclosure
agreements he signed with the
U.S. government” to not reveal
classified information and to sub-
mit his book to the Pentagon for
review. Mr. Little said the Pentagon
was “reviewing all options”
against Mr. Bissonnette, but he
would not specify what those op-
tions might be and repeatedly de-
clined to say whether the Penta-
gon had determined if there was
classified information in the
book. Mr. Bissonnette did not
submit his book to the Pentagon
for review.
Mr. Bissonnette’s lawyer, Rob-
ert D. Luskin, responded in a let-
ter to the Pentagon that the au-
thor, who wrote under the pseu-
donym Mark Owen, had “sought
legal advice about his responsi-
bilities before agreeing to publish
his book and scrupulously re-
viewed the work to ensure that it
did not disclose any material that
would breach his agreements or
put his former comrades at risk.”
“He remains confident that he
has faithfully fulfilled his duty,”
Mr. Luskin wrote in the letter, a
copy of which was obtained by
The New York Times.
The letter also said that the
book was not subject to the non-
disclosure agreement that the
Defense Department said was vi-
olated. That agreement applied
only to “specially identified Spe-
cial Access Programs” that did
not include the subject matter of
the book, Mr. Luskin wrote.
“Mr. Owen is proud of his serv-
ice and respectful of his obliga-
tions,” the letter said. “But he has
earned the right to tell his story.”
Mr. Luskin represented Karl
Rove when Mr. Rove, then a top
adviser to President George W.
Bush, was under investigation for
his role in the leak of the name of
Valerie Plame Wilson, a former
undercover operative for the
C.I.A. After months of maneu-
vering between Mr. Luskin and
the prosecutor in the case, Pat-
rick Fitzgerald, Mr. Luskin an-
nounced in June 2006 that no
charges against Mr. Rove would
be filed.
Mr. Bissonnette, 36, wrote the
book, “No Easy Day,” with a co-
author, Kevin Maurer. Fox News
identified Mr. Bissonnette as the
author last week, which the De-
fense Department and military
officials later confirmed. His
service record shows that he has
been awarded five Bronze Stars
and a Purple Heart.
Mr. Little’s comments at the
Pentagon on Friday followed a
letter sent to Mr. Bissonnette
through Penguin late on Thurs-
day in which Jeh C. Johnson, the
Pentagon’s general counsel, told
Mr. Bissonnette that he was in
“material breach” of two nondis-
closure agreements he signed in
2007.
Mr. Johnson wrote to Mr. Bis-
sonnette that the Pentagon “is
considering pursuing against
you, and all those acting in con-
cert with you, all remedies legally
available to us.”
Author of Account of Bin Laden Raid May Face Legal Action
Elisabeth Bumiller reported from
Washington, and Julie Bosman
from New York. A10
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
created a wealthy black elite, in-
cluding men like Mr. Ramaphosa,
without changing the lives of or-
dinary people. “South Africa is a social, politi-
cal and economic disaster wait-
ing to happen,” said Aubrey Mat-
shiqi, a political analyst. “The an-
ger is there. All you need is a
spark, and then you will have so-
cial and political and economic
veld fires burning out of control.”
These days it can seem that
South Africa has been turned up-
side down. Relying on apartheid-
era legal tactics, prosecutors
have said they are charging 270
miners arrested after the melee,
not the police officers who fired
the bullets, with the murder of
their colleagues. It is not the first time an arm of
government has been accused of
adopting strategies from the
apartheid era. Efforts by the gov-
ernment of President Jacob
Zuma to criminalize publication
of a broad range of information,
to limit the independence of the
judiciary and to give greater
powers to unelected tribal mon-
archs have bled away support
from the A.N.C. While the end of apartheid
transformed South Africa’s politi-
cal and institutional landscape,
placing blacks at the helm, it left
the economic hierarchy largely
untouched. A favored few black
businessmen, many of them with
deep ties to the A.N.C., have be-
come wealthy. But for a vast ma-
jority of blacks, inequality has
deepened. The failure to transform the
economy is one the A.N.C. freely
admits. At a party conference in
June, Mr. Zuma urged more rad-
ical steps, but such calls may
have come too late, as younger,
more aggressive leaders whip up
the anger of the poor and unem-
ployed. Days before Mr. Zuma went to
speak to miners in the town of
Marikana, where the strike oc-
curred, the populist youth leader
Julius Malema, who was expelled
from the A.N.C. amid a fierce bat-
tle with Mr. Zuma, stood up to ad-
dress them. Mr. Malema has ad-
vocated nationalizing mines and
seizing white-owned land, posi-
tions the A.N.C. is unlikely to
adopt. “President Zuma has presided
over the massacre of our people,”
he told the miners, drawing loud
cheers. As Mr. Zuma stood last week
before a crowd of angry workers
near the spot where 34 of their
colleagues had been killed, an at-
tendant holding an umbrella to
shield him from the sun, his Ev-
eryman roots seemed to fail him,
and he struggled to find the
words to stem the tide of their
rage.
The image of corporate stooge
that Mr. Zuma’s opponents paint
would seem an ill fit. He rose to
power on a populist surge of an-
ger against his predecessor, the
tweedy, cerebral Thabo Mbeki,
whose embrace of laissez-faire
economic policy angered many
on the left. A grade-school drop-
out turned freedom fighter, Mr.
Zuma could not be a starker con-
trast to Mr. Mbeki, a University
of Sussex graduate with a fond-
ness for quoting Yeats. But now Mr. Zuma may find
himself in Mr. Mbeki’s shoes, bat-
tling to remain head of the party
at a vote in December, and to
serve a second term as president.
The Marikana killings have fed a
groundswell against him, cur-
rently gathering force around his
vice president, Kgalema Mot-
lanthe, who is widely reported to
be considering a move against
Mr. Zuma much like the one that
removed Mr. Mbeki. Whoever becomes South Afri-
ca’s next president will face the
deepening sense of betrayal that
after 18 years, little progress has
been made to tackle joblessness,
inequality and poverty. “It might make many of us
quiver with fear, but here is the
cold, hard truth: they will opt out
of the current social, economic
and political arrangements and
they will choose anarchy,” wrote
Justice Malala, a political analyst,
in The Times, a South African
newspaper. The rage that had long been fo-
cused on white rule and white
capitalism has turned on the
A.N.C. South Africa’s liberation
party has become the establish-
ment. It has forged deep links to
the white business class, and
through its affirmative action pol-
icies a small but wealthy black
elite has emerged.
Even the venerable left-wing
unions are seen by the have-nots
as co-opted by the haves. The vio-
lent strike in Marikana began as
a struggle between the National
Union of Mineworkers, the coun-
try’s biggest mine union and a
major partner in the alliance that
governs along with the A.N.C.,
and a radical upstart union that
pushed workers to strike. Miners have been fleeing the
National Union of Mineworkers,
which has acquired a reputation,
fairly or not, for coziness with big
business. Its new leader recently
received a 40 percent raise, ac-
cording to The Mail and Guard-
ian, a newspaper in Johannes-
burg, to more than $12,500 a
month. The radical union and Mr.
Malema pose a serious challenge
for South Africa, which has en-
joyed a remarkably peaceful
transition from white rule to
multiracial democracy. By whip-
ping up workers who arm them-
selves with machetes, spears and
cudgels, and setting them against
a government from which there
are increasingly alienated, they
risk a return to the kind of vio-
lence seen in the bloody years
just before apartheid’s end. The shooting of strikers re-
minded many of the killing of un-
armed protesters by the police
during apartheid, and some have
compared it to the Sharpeville
massacre, when white policemen
killed 69 people at a protest in
1960. It was a singularly galvaniz-
ing moment in the struggle
against apartheid. The images of workers from ri-
val unions hacking one another
to death also evoked another
grim chapter in South Africa’s
history: the fratricidal wars be-
tween rival political and ethnic
groups, egged on by the apart-
heid government, that killed
thousands in the run up to elec-
tions in 1994. Mr. Malema, with his penchant
for Breitling wrist watches and
his sprawling house in the
wealthy suburbs of Johannes-
burg, would seem just as pam-
pered as the A.N.C. elite he criti-
cizes. He is facing multiple in-
vestigations into his mysterious
fortune. Indeed, his strategy
seems less about starting a new
movement than ousting his one-
time mentor, Mr. Zuma, and per-
suading whoever replaces him to
let him back into the party. Mr. Ramaphosa has escaped
that kind of taint. He played a
central role negotiating the end
of apartheid, was a close aide to
Nelson Mandela and in his biog-
raphy on Lonmin’s Web site he is
heralded for helping build “the
most powerful union in South Af-
rica.” Yet his dual role — as busi-
nessman and political leader —
raises tough questions about why
so few black business leaders
have emerged without deep con-
nections to the party.
Writing in The Sunday Times,
he said events at Marikana were
“probably the lowest moment in
the short history of a democratic
South Africa,” and that “under-
pinning all the factors that led to
this tragedy are the extremes of
economic inequality, poverty and
underdevelopment that continue
to characterize our society.”
Rage by Miners Points to Shift in South Africa;Onetime Activists Now Leaders
SIPHIWE SIBEKO/REUTERS
A South African man danced among his fellow striking miners recently as they waited in Rustenburg to be addressed by Julius Malema, a populist youth leader.
AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
President Jacob Zuma of South Africa spoke to a group of mine workers near the Lonmin plati-
num mine where 34 people were killed in a clash with the police over a wildcat strike.
RODGER BOSCH/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
On Friday, miners paid their respects to Mpuzeni Ngxande,
who was among those killed on Aug. 16 during the strike. From Page A1
Unrest at mines puts a
spotlight on figures in
the anti-apartheid
movement. By DAVID BARBOZA
and MELISSA EDDY
SHANGHAI — Chancellor An-
gela Merkel of Germany headed
home on Friday from a two-day
visit to China with a stack of new-
ly signed business contracts and
a pledge for Beijing’s backing in
the euro crisis, but few promises
from Beijing to improve human
rights. Ms. Merkel, seven members of
her cabinet and several dozen
representatives of Germany’s
largest companies visited China
at the invitation of Prime Min-
ister Wen Jiabao as both coun-
tries faced the prospect of slower
growth and weakening demand
for their exports, pushing eco-
nomic concerns to the forefront.
At the heart of Ms. Merkel’s
concerns were winning support
from Mr. Wen and the man ex-
pected to succeed him early next
year, Li Keqiang,in buying up
more European debt in an effort
to ease the sovereign debt crisis,
which has been crippling Europe
for three years and causing un-
certainty in global markets. Although members of the Chi-
nese delegation made it clear
they had little understanding of
how long it took Europeans to
draw up new agreements to fight
the crisis and “did not hold back”
during intense talks about the
euro, according to dpa, a German
news agency, Mr. Wen said his
country intended to invest in
more European debt. The chancellor also met with
President Hu Jintao and his ex-
pected successor, Xi Jinping,
while in Beijing on Thursday, and
posed for a photograph with Mr.
Wen with the Forbidden City in
the background.
Yet the chancellor’s efforts to
underline what both sides have
dubbed their “special relation-
ship” came under fire from critics
at home, who recall her previous
willingness to risk Germany’s
economic interest to highlight
China’s poor record on human
rights issues. In 2007, she invited
the Dalai Lama, the spiritual
leader of Tibet, to the chancellery
for talks, prompting an angry re-
sponse from Beijing. A summary of Ms. Merkel’s
trip ran under the headline “The
Domesticated Chancellor” in the
online version of Der Spiegel on
Friday, and the conservative
newspaper Frankfurter Allge-
meine Zeitung warned of the dan-
ger of believing that the two
countries’ relationship could be
defined by economic ties alone.
“No matter how dynamically
the relation develops in terms of
trade and investment,” said an
editorial published in the paper
on Thursday, “there can never be
a ‘special relationship’ between
the Communist People’s Republic
and Germany, a democratic
country in the heart of the Euro-
pean Union, at least not in the
sense of the Anglo-American con-
nection.” One of the sharpest critics of
the chancellor, however, was in
Beijing. The artist provocateur Ai
Weiwei, who has a strong follow-
ing in Germany, began poking
fun at Ms. Merkel and posting
comments on the Internet to
show his disappointment at not
being invited to meet her for
lunch. He even posted pictures of
himself striding outside, wearing
Chinese slippers and carrying a
cardboard cutout of Ms. Merkel
through his garden. He called it
“Taking Merkel to Lunch.”
Human rights issues may have
been largely ignored on this visit,
but economic ties have flourished
since the two countries began a
program of annual governmental
exchanges in 2010. On this trip,
German executives signed con-
tracts worth more than 4.8 billion
euros, or $6 billion,including an
order for Airbus, a French-Ger-
man venture, for 50 jets worth
more than $4.4 billion.
Still, disagreements over trade,
transparency and access to Chi-
na’s lucrative domestic market
remain. Ms. Merkel said on
Thursday that she favored nego-
tiation in a trade dispute in which
Germany’s largest producer of
solar panels is accusing China of
dumping low-cost panels in Eu-
rope. During a visit to Mr. Wen’s
home city, Tianjin, outside Bei-
jing, she made it clear that Chi-
nese companies needed to recog-
nize that subsidies distorted com-
petition and violated European
law.
“My plea is that everyone be
transparent, that they lay their
cards on the table about how they
produce,” the chancellor said,
Reuters reported. Europe’s trade
commissioner is expected to de-
cide next week whether to take
up the case.
At a meeting with German
business leaders, Mr. Wen sought
to assuage concerns that their
subsidiaries based in China were
not treated the same as domestic
companies.
“Fair access to the markets
through the access of our subsid-
iaries as Chinese companies is
close to our hearts,” Peter Lösch-
er,the chief executive of Sie-
mens, told the prime minister,
dpa reported.
Mr. Wen responded by inviting
complaints and promising to ad-
dress any concerns that reached
him in writing. Experts on China say Beijing is
eager to have Europe welcome
more Chinese investment in ma-
jor areas, not just in the debt
market.
“The significance of this visit
lies primarily in the bilateral eco-
nomic relations,” said Shi Yin-
hong,a professor of international
relations at Renmin University in
Beijing and an adviser to the
State Council, or cabinet. “There
has been a lot of discussion over
China providing financial assist-
ance to Europe. But Germany
cannot solely represent Europe,
and Europe as an integrated enti-
ty still has some concern over re-
ceiving Chinese assistance.”
KAY NIETFELD/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany with China’s prime min-
ister, Wen Jiabao,in Tianjin,his home city, on Friday.
Merkel’s China Trip Focuses on Economy, Not Rights
David Barboza reported from
Shanghai, and Melissa Eddy from
Berlin. N
A11
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By LYDIA POLGREEN
LUANDA, Angola — From his
doorstep, Paulo Silva can see em-
blems of his country’s transfor-
mation from war-addled basket
case to petroleum powerhouse. A
flock of cranes hovers over a sky-
line dotted with climbing sky-
scrapers, and dead center is a
symbol of the country’s multipar-
ty democracy: the half-built
dome of the new home of Ango-
la’s Parliament. But as Angolans go to the polls
on Friday for the third time in the
country’s troubled history, Mr.
Silva, for one, does not plan to
vote for the party that built this
city of plenty. From the slum
where he spends his days, evi-
dence of the nation’s wealth
looms before his eyes, just out of
reach. “Angola is a rich country, but
we don’t get any of it,” said Mr.
Silva, who plans to vote for an op-
position party. “The people in
power are eating all the money.” The governing Popular Move-
ment for the Liberation of Ango-
la, which has been in power for
more than three decades, is ex-
pected to win the vote handily. Its
leader, President José Eduardo
dos Santos, has been in office
longer than almost any other Af-
rican head of state, and with com-
plete control over the state media
and vast campaign funds at his
disposal, his victory is all but as-
sured. With the help of huge offshore
deposits of oil that have made
Angola Africa’s second-biggest
producer of crude, Mr. dos Santos
has built a nation where Porsches
and Lamborghinis ply the city
streets and luxury apartments
loom over the skyline, and where
the well-heeled dance at night-
clubs with a $100 cover charge. But millions of Angolans have
been left behind. A vast gap
yawns between the well-connect-
ed, penthouse-owning rich and
the slum-dwelling, unemployed
poor like Mr. Silva. “We need a change in this
country,” Mr. Silva said. In a tacit acknowledgment of
its failure to share the fruits of
growth equally, the governing
party unveiled a new slogan for
this campaign: “More Growth,
Better Distribution.” Angola is one of several Afri-
can countries that have molded
their governments, in an unspo-
ken fashion, on what is widely
known as the Chinese model.
Leaders who have been in power
for decades in countries like An-
gola, Ethiopia, Rwanda and
Uganda have delivered consider-
able economic growth and, by
some measures, improvements
in health, education and develop-
ment. Leaders of these nations, all of
them scarred by internal conflict,
have offered their citizens an im-
plicit bargain of development and
stability in exchange for robust
democracy. But the limits of this model are
becoming apparent. Protest
movements — often led not by
the poor, who are usually shut out
of the benefits of rapid growth,
but by a frustrated, hemmed-in
middle class — have chipped
away at support for longstanding
presidents like Mr. dos Santos,
Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and
Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia, who
died on Aug. 20. In Angola, a wave of protests
beginning last year and inspired
by the Arab Spring has shaken
confidence in that formula. First
young people and then military
veterans took to the streets,
prompting harsh police crack-
downs. “They try to follow the Chinese
model, but they don’t even give
bread in exchange for freedom,”
said Rafael Marques de Morais,
an anticorruption activist and
journalist. Angola’s brutal history long
taught its people to value peace
above all else. The Portuguese
colonists fled the country in 1975,
after withering battles with three
guerrilla armies and a coup
d’état back home that brought a
leftist government to power. The victorious Angolan rebels
soon turned on one another, and
a sprawling conflict, stoked by
cold war rivalries and Angola’s
rich diamond deposits, flattened
the country. It did not fully end
until 2002, when Jonas Savimbi,
the charismatic but brutal leader
of the National Union for the To-
tal Independence of Angola, or
Unita, was killed in a skirmish. Even before the end of the war,
the country’s economy had be-
gun to grow rapidly because of
the oil deposits. Close ties with
China have produced an infra-
structure boom, fueled by cheap,
oil-backed loans. But accusations of corruption
gnaw at the governing party, and
it has clamped down hard in re-
sponse to the wave of protest, ar-
resting organizers and roughing
up participants. Mr. dos Santos’s
popularity has also waned, many
analysts say. At an election rally
held outside a huge stadium on
the edge of the capital, Luanda,
on Wednesday, loudspeakers car-
ried the sound of recorded ap-
plause, apparently to spare him
the embarrassment of a muted
response to his speech. The youth protest movement,
fueled by popular rap stars who
rhyme about corruption and pov-
erty amid plenty, is using social
media and text messaging to col-
lect reports of election irregular-
ities, said Luaty Beirao, a rapper
who goes by the name Ikonaklas-
ta. “We have no access to public
media, so we have to use the Web
or any means we can to get the
word out,” Mr. Beirao said. Mihaela Neto Webba, a parlia-
mentary candidate for Unita in
Luanda, said she had no illusions
about the party’s hopes for vic-
tory. “All Angolans know that we
have a compromised democracy,”
she said. “To have a credible, compet-
itive and democratic process, ev-
eryone must abide by laws. But
that doesn’t happen.” State television gives most of
the coverage to Mr. dos Santos,
showing what amounts to cam-
paign commercials for hours ev-
ery day. “The opposition gets one hour
a day,” Ms. Webba said. “Dos
Santos gets 23 hours a day.” In the last election, in 2008, the
governing party won more than
80 percent of the vote, and its
portion this time is expected to
remain substantial. Despite a
high-tech, tablet-based voter reg-
istration system, early reports
from poll monitors warned of
long waits and erroneous regis-
tration data that told voters that
their polling stations were hun-
dreds of miles away. Results are
not expected until Saturday.
A visit to the suburb of Kilam-
ba, a brand-new city built with
Chinese help, demonstrates why
the president and his party re-
main popular. Wide boulevards
lined with block upon block of
tidy flats painted lavender, mint
and butterscotch await aspiring
middle-class families. On Friday, Noe Joaquin
Manuel, a 43-year-old function-
ary who works for the Defense
Ministry, cracked open beers
with friends on the balcony of his
spotless new apartment. “The government deserves to
stay,” he said after conducting a
tour of his three-bedroom home.
“They ended the war. They have
built bridges and roads and
places like this.” Besides, he added, voting a
new party into power would sim-
ply mean allowing a whole new
cast of characters to get rich off
the government treasury.
“If we change, the new guys
will have to steal first,” he said. But protests by young people
with no memory of the civil war
and veterans owed years of back
pay have raised hopes that
change is on the horizon, even if
the governing party wins on Fri-
day. “The hope for Angola is a new
generation that is rising up,” Mr.
de Morais said. “They are not
afraid to cross political bound-
aries.” Discontent Simmers as Angolans Go to the Polls, but Change Is Unlikely
SIPHIWE SIBEKO/REUTERS
Election officials counted ballots in Luanda, Angola, on Friday. The governing party, led by President José Eduardo dos Santos, is expected to win handily.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Lines at a Luanda polling station on Friday.Angolans are going
to the polls for the third time in the country’s troubled history.
Millions have been
left behind in a
nation with huge
offshore oil deposits.
By JOHN F. BURNS and RAVI SOMAIYA
LONDON — In a legal battle
between two Russian oligarchs
that became a window on the
sometimes murderous carve-up
of the Soviet Union’s vast re-
source wealth, a High Court
judge here rejected a $5.1 billion
claim on Friday brought by Boris
A. Berezovsky, a London-based
émigré, against Roman A. Abra-
movich, a Kremlin favorite who
owns London’s Chelsea soccer
club. Mr. Berezovsky had accused
Mr. Abramovich of acting in con-
cert with the current Russian
president, Vladimir V. Putin, to
bully and blackmail him into sell-
ing his shares in the Russian oil
company Sibneft and other as-
sets in 2001 for a fraction of their
value, under threat that the
Kremlin might expropriate his
holdings. The case had been billed as the
world’s largest private lawsuit
since it began more than four
years ago. It culminated on Fri-
day with a stunning victory for
Mr. Abramovich, 45, and a harsh
repudiation for Mr. Berezovsky,
65, who was characterized by the
judge in the case, Elizabeth Glos-
ter, as an “unimpressive and in-
herently unreliable witness,” and
at times a dishonest one, during
the four months of testimony that
ended in January. Justice Gloster contrasted Mr.
Berezovsky’s testimony starkly
with Mr. Abramovich’s, saying
Mr. Abramovich had been “a
truthful, and on the whole reli-
able, witness.” While Mr. Bere-
zovsky was in court for the rul-
ing, Mr. Abramovich was in Mon-
aco to watch a game involving
Chelsea, which rode his billion-
dollar investment in the club to
victory this spring in Europe’s
Champions League, the most
coveted club trophy in soccer.
Mr. Berezovsky, hugely
wealthy but a financial minnow
compared with Mr. Abramovich,
a multibillionaire, emerged from
the case with nothing to show for
the lavish sums that he, like Mr.
Abramovich, spent on recruiting
some of Britain’s most expensive
legal talent. The judgment on Fri-
day deferred until the fall a ruling
on an estimated $200 million to
$250 million in legal and other
costs, much of which could be as-
sessed against Mr. Berezovsky,
and left the loser to ponder the
hazards involved in a possible ap-
peal.
Mr. Berezovsky, in a gray suit
and open-collar white shirt, sat
glumly through the reading of
Justice Gloster’s 38-page judg-
ment, at times shaking his head.
He emerged, smiling stoically,
from the packed courtroom in the
modern building that houses the
commercial division of the High
Court, where litigants are re-
quired to pay for the court’s oper-
ating costs as well as their own
legal fees. But by the time he reached the
throng of reporters and news
cameramen on the sidewalk out-
side, he had recovered his pugna-
cious style, saying he was “abso-
lutely amazed by what’s hap-
pened today,” and accusing Jus-
tice Gloster of rewriting Russian
history and glossing over the in-
timidation he had faced from Mr.
Putin. He said he had made no
decision on whether to appeal the
judgment, which he said “could
have been written by Putin.”
He said, “Life is life,” before
driving off in a chauffeur-driven
Mercedes. The case had strong reverber-
ations in the Kremlin, where Mr.
Abramovich, who remains at
least formally a Russian resident,
retains the political and personal
ties to Mr. Putin that were crucial
to his success in amassing a for-
tune estimated at more than $12
billion by Forbes this year. Mr. Berezovsky has been cast
as an embezzler and turncoat in
recent years by the Kremlin,
which has also accused him of
links to Chechen terrorists. He
was forced to flee Russia in 2001
after the Kremlin connections he
built under former President
Boris N. Yeltsin turned to ashes
under Mr. Putin. With a worth estimated recent-
ly by The Sunday Times of Lon-
don to be around $800 million,
Mr. Berezovsky, who gained po-
litical asylum in Britain in 2003,
has lived a reclusive if extrava-
gant life in Britain and at homes
he has acquired elsewhere in Eu-
rope. Surrounded by bodyguards,
he has claimed that he lives un-
der permanent threat of assas-
sination by Kremlin-assigned
agents. The two businessmen, once
close enough to be photographed
in a beaming embrace aboard a
gleaming yacht in the Mediterra-
nean, became synonymous with
the extravagant lifestyles of the
oligarchs who acquired their for-
tunes from the privatization of
state assets, particularly in oil,
gas and minerals, after the Soviet
Union collapsed. It was an era of lawlessness,
corruption and intimidation, with
almost unimaginable rewards
available to those able to muster
the muscle, cunning and patron-
age to outflank their enemies.
Russian chroniclers say few men
worked the system better than
Mr. Berezovsky and Mr. Abra-
movich, only to have their rela-
tionship founder on the personal
but ultimately vengeful chemis-
try they had ridden to success. It was thus that the court, in
London’s steel-and-glass Rolls
building, became the forum for
an unsparing exposure of the
murky business underworld
where Mr. Berezovsky and Mr.
Abramovich made their fortunes.
Mr. Berezovsky, the court
learned, had migrated from his
earlier job as an academic math-
ematician to become the owner of
Russia’s largest car dealership
and an intimate of Mr. Yeltsin,
Russia’s first post-Soviet presi-
dent. Mr. Abramovich, a former So-
viet Army conscript, garage me-
chanic, street trader and toy duck
importer, brought his business
acumen and cash to the deal,
while Mr. Berezovsky used his
Kremlin influence to gain control
of valuable Siberian oil holdings
and to transform them into a new
company, Sibneft.
The core of the case rested on
the roles played by Mr. Berezov-
sky and Mr. Abramovich, with
Mr. Abramovich claiming Mr. Be-
rezovsky’s part had been that of
“the godfather,” providing the
“krysha,” or protection, that
eased the way for the Sibneft
deal. But he denied that Mr. Bere-
zovsky had ever been a major
stakeholder in Sibneft, and said
that Mr. Berezovsky’s role had
been limited to providing what he
called “political clout.” Mr. Berezovsky and his law-
yers belittled Mr. Abramovich’s
business competence and intelli-
gence, saying he had been men-
aced into accepting $1.3 billion
from Mr. Abramovich in 2001 for
his Sibneft holding, while Mr.
Abramovich sold his own share
in the company in 2005 for $11.9
billion.
But it was Mr. Berezovsky, not
Mr. Abramovich, who took the
brunt of Justice Gloster’s verdict.
She was unsparing of Mr. Bere-
zovsky, saying that he had come
across as a man who “regarded
truth as a transitory, flexible con-
cept, which could be molded to
suit his current purposes.” “At times,” she said, “the evi-
dence which he gave was inher-
ently dishonest; sometimes, he
was clearly making his evidence
up as he went along.” She added,
“At other times, I gained the im-
pression that he was not neces-
sarily being dishonest, but had
deluded himself into believing his
own version of events.”
Russian Tycoon Loses Multibillion-Dollar Case Over Oil Fortune to Kremlin Favorite
SIMON DAWSON/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Boris A. Berezovsky spoke to reporters outside High Court in London on Friday, after a ruling
against him over a claim that Roman A. Abramovich intimidated him in the sale of oil shares. A battle between two
men who built
fortunes after the fall
of the Soviet Union.
Sarah Lyall contributed report-
ing. A12
N
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
DAMON WINTER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
AFTER THE SPEECHES, THE GOODBYES
Mitt Romney and Paul D. Ryan, with their families, waved from their plane after an event in Lakeland, Fla., on Friday. With
the nominating convention behind them, it was time for the Republican candidates to get out and campaign.
By JEREMY W. PETERS
KENNER, La. — Mitt Romney on Fri-
day used the first day since accepting
his party’s nomination for president to
tour hurricane-ravaged regions of the
Louisiana bayou, a visit that seemed in-
tended to convey an unmistakable air of
presidential authority.
After a brief campaign rally in Lake-
land, Fla., with his running mate, Repre-
sentative Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin,
Mr. Romney touched down here in his
new campaign plane on Friday after-
noon and met with Gov. Bobby Jindal
and Senator David Vitter, both Louisi-
ana Republicans.
Together they drove through neigh-
borhoods still submerged in several feet
of water. Mr. Romney shook hands with
local parish officials and posed ques-
tions to first responders about evacua-
tion procedures and Red Cross efforts.
While Mr. Romney was en route, the
White House announced that President
Obama would be making his own visit
to the area on Monday after a campaign
stop in Ohio. The president will survey
the response and recovery efforts after
Hurricane Isaac, which pummeled the
Gulf Coast this week, leaving much of
this state waterlogged and hundreds of
thousands still without power.
Jay Carney, the White House press
secretary, declined to criticize Mr. Rom-
ney or tackle the criticism being leveled
by other Democrats that the Republican
nominee was being presumptuous by
making a trip so soon after the storm
had hit — and before the president him-
self arrived.
Those are criticisms to which the
Romney campaign is carefully attuned.
Mr. Romney’s senior political strategist,
Stuart Stevens, notably remained be-
hind on the campaign plane as Mr. Rom-
ney toured the bayou. Mr. Stevens not-
ed that the presence of a political advis-
er on such a trip could be viewed as un-
seemly.
Mr. Stevens told reporters, “It’s im-
portant to see it, and show support.” He
added, “I don’t understand why this
would be remotely inappropriate.”
One of the biggest challenges Mr.
Romney must overcome in the last two
months of the campaign is to connect
more with voters, as polls show that
many of them think he lacks empathy
and warmth. And a trip to the ran-
sacked bayou — complete with images
that seem tailor made for the evening
news, like Mr. Romney visiting a town
hall surrounded by water so deep one
resident was canoeing through it —
could help counter those perceptions.
“The decision to go to New Orleans
shows how much Mitt Romney is mak-
ing the effort to show he understands
people’s needs and concerns,” said Ari
Fleischer, a former press secretary to
President George W. Bush. “It’s a side
of Mitt Romney that people don’t give
him credit for.”
But those images also can help con-
vey another attribute that Mr. Romney
needs to convince voters he possesses:
the ability to be a credible commander
in chief.
Hurricane politics have been espe-
cially bedeviling for Republicans. This
week, party leaders canceled the first
day of their convention as Isaac bore
down on the Gulf Coast. Still fresh in
their minds are memories of Hurricane
Katrina, which devastated this region. After the storm hit, President Bush
drew heavy criticism as having waited
too long before visiting. Images of him
peering out the window of Air Force
One as it flew over storm-damaged New
Orleans live on as symbols used by his
critics to paint him as indifferent to
Katrina’s thousands of victims. Mr. Romney’s words on Friday Romney Shows Support
In Storm-Battered Bayou
GERALD HERBERT/ASSOCIATED PRESS
People shouted from a porch overlooking floodwaters as Mitt Romney’s motorcade passed through Lafitte, La. Continued on Page A14
By ABBY GOODNOUGH
The way Mitt Romney and Repre-
sentative Paul D. Ryan frame it, the de-
bate over social programs that has be-
come a dominant theme of the presiden-
tial race is all about the future of Medi-
care, the government health insurance
program for retirees.
But the outcome of the election will
probably have a more immediate and
profound effect on Medicaid, the joint
state-federal program that provides
health care to poor and disabled people. Few other issues present a starker
difference between the Republican and
Democratic tickets. President Obama,
through the health care law that was a
centerpiece of his domestic agenda,
seeks a vast expansion of Medicaid,
which currently covers more than 60
million Americans — compared with 50
million in Medicare — and costs the
states and the federal government more
than $400 billion a year. To fulfill the law’s goal of near-univer-
sal coverage, the president envisions
adding as many as 17 million people to
the rolls by allowing everyone with in-
comes up to 133 percent of the poverty
level to enroll, including many childless
adults. While the Supreme Court ruled
in June that states could opt out of the
expansion, Medicaid — and federal
spending on it — is still likely to grow
significantly if Mr. Obama wins a sec-
ond term. Mr. Romney and Mr. Ryan would take
Medicaid in the opposite direction. They
would push for the repeal of the health
care law and replace the current Medic-
aid program with block grants, giving
each state a lump sum and letting them
decide eligibility and benefits. (Current-
ly, the federal government sets mini-
mum requirements, like covering all
children under the poverty level, which
some states surpass. It also provides
unlimited matching funds.) The grants
would grow at the rate of inflation, with
adjustments for population growth.
Critics say annual increases would not
keep up with rising health care costs. In pure dollar terms, the difference
comes down to this: As chairman of the
House Budget Committee, Mr. Ryan has
proposed cutting federal spending on
Medicaid by $810 billion over 10 years,
largely from repealing the health care
law. Mr. Obama’s expansion plan, by
contrast, would cost an additional $642
billion over the same period, according
to the most recent estimate from the
Congressional Budget Office. For all the allegations and counteral-
legations about Medicare on the cam-
paign trail, hardly any words have been
uttered about Medicaid, probably be-
cause the elderly are considered a more
engaged and influential voting group
than the poor. But what happens to
Medicaid will have a significant effect
on many middle-class older people who
rely on the program for nursing home
care. More than half of current Medic-
aid spending is on the elderly and the
disabled. About half of Medicaid recipi-
ents are children; an additional 25 per-
cent are elderly or disabled people. The sharply different visions of the
two campaigns come as many states,
squeezed by soaring Medicaid costs and
plunging revenues, are complaining bit-
terly about the fact that the program is
swallowing an ever-larger chunk of
their budgets. States have generally not
been allowed to cut Medicaid eligibility
since the passage of the health care law
in 2010, but many have slashed optional
benefits and payments to doctors and
hospitals instead. Even states that sup-
port the planned Medicaid expansion,
like California and Massachusetts, have
made such cuts, saying that budget cri-
ses have given them no choice. Proponents of the Republican plan for
Medicaid say block grants would be the
best way to curb Medicaid spending and
make the program more efficient. “You
give me a block grant, let me do what-
ever I want, and I will cover the right
people,” Gov. Rick Scott of Florida, a Re-
publican, said at a meeting of the Na-
tional Governors Association last year. But critics of the block grant plan say
it would inevitably shrink the medical
safety net for the poorest Americans.
The Urban Institute, a nonpartisan re-
search group, estimated that under a
similar House budget proposal last
year, 14 million to 27 million people
could lose Medicaid coverage by 2021. Republicans have proposed block
grants in various forms over the years,
going back to the Reagan administra-
tion. One such effort provoked a politi-
cal uproar in 1995, when Congress
passed legislation to give each state a
fixed amount of federal money for Med-
icaid. President Bill Clinton vetoed the
legislation, saying it would make “dev-
astating cuts” and hurt millions of poor
people.
Joshua Archambault, director of
health care policy at the Pioneer Insti-
tute, a conservative research group in
Boston, said that while block grants
were “one possible tool” to curb spend-
ing and root out waste in Medicaid,
many questions about the Republican
proposal remain unanswered. One such
question, he and others said, is how the
federal government would determine
the amount of each state’s block grant. “Congressman Ryan’s plan moves
the conversation in the right direction to
correct the perverse incentives that
have put Medicaid on an unsustainable
path,” Mr. Archambault said in an
e-mail. “But the devil’s in the details.”
2 Campaigns Differ Sharply on Medicaid, Seeking Vast Growth or Vast Cuts
Robert Pear contributed reporting.
High stakes for a program
that has received little
attention on the trail.
N
A13
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
ELECTION
2012
By JONATHAN WEISMAN
TAMPA, Fla. — Even as Mitt Romney
and Representative Paul D. Ryan ex-
hort Republicans to embrace their pro-
posed Medicare changes and spending
cuts, the party’s rank and file is growing
less enthusiastic about the fight than
the top of the ticket. Republican lawmakers and candi-
dates are distancing themselves from
the Ryan budget plan, which helped
make the proposed changes a national
issue. Republicans say the party now
belongs to the more senior — and his-
torically more malleable — member of
the ticket, Mr. Romney, and not Mr.
Ryan, the younger conservative fire-
brand who has become the subject of re-
peated Democratic criticism. “The plan is the Romney plan,” said
Senator John Hoeven, Republican of
North Dakota. “He’s the one that’s go-
ing to drive the agenda.”
The distancing ranges from subtle to
stark. Some first-time House candi-
dates, unencumbered by a vote on the
Ryan plan, have told local news media
outlets that they have not and will not
endorse the proposals found in the vice-
presidential nominee’s budget. Some
veteran lawmakers who voted for the
plan are demurring on whether it will
be the party’s policy blueprint, while
the few in tough races who voted
against it have made their opposition a
calling card. In a flier distributed to constituents,
Representative David McKinley, Re-
publican of West Virginia, who voted
against the plan,said that it “would pri-
vatize Medicare for future retirees,
raise the retirement age and keep in
place the Medicare cuts included in last
year’s health care bill.” The flier added,
“The Congressional Budget Office de-
termined the plan would nearly double
out-of-pocket health care costs for fu-
ture retirees.”
Ricky Gill, a 25-year-old Republican
challenging Representative Jerry
McNerney in California’s Central Val-
ley, said he “commended the fact that
there’s a mature conversation about the
national debt.” But, he added, “it would
be very difficult for me to endorse any
specific plan without having a seat at
the table.”
This week, Speaker John A. Boehner
of Ohio repeatedly declined to say that a
Republican election victory in Novem-
ber would be a mandate to pass a Ryan-
style Medicare overhaul, instead point-
ing to energy, tax reform and more gen-
eralized deficit reduction.
Some Republicans continue to say
that they will benefit from showing that
they are willing to make hard choices
about the deficit. “In this election, on this issue, the
usual posturing on the left isn’t going to
work,” Mr. Ryan declared at the Repub-
lican National Convention. “Ladies and
gentlemen, our nation needs this de-
bate. We want this debate. We will win
this debate.”
Yet even Mr. Ryan chose to criticize
Mr. Obama’s Medicare cuts in his
speech instead of describing his own
plan.
The change in tone will disappoint
conservatives like the anti-tax crusader
Grover Norquist, who has said that the
job of a Republican president is to sign
the laws passed by a Republican Con-
gress. Those laws were supposed to be
dictated by Mr. Ryan’s “Path to Pros-
perity,” the budget approved this year
by the House, which was seen by con-
servatives not as a starting point for ne-
gotiations but as marching orders.
Such certitude is giving way to politi-
cal reality. Democrats have made the
Ryan plan’s Medicare prescriptions
their No. 1 issue in the battle for the
House and Senate. Even Republicans
conceded the attacks are taking a toll.
One Republican political consultant
working on House and Senate races ad-
mitted “the Ryan budget is well under
water,” hurting Republican House can-
didates in California, Florida, Illinois,
New Jersey and Virginia, as well as
Representative Rick Berg of North Da-
kota, once considered a shoo-in for the
Senate. Republicans can effectively
counter the Medicare attacks by going
after Democrats on the president’s
health care law, the consultant said, but
every moment tussling over health care
is a diversion from the issue that Repub-
licans say can win the race — the econ-
omy.
Democrats are happy to concur. “We
left for recess in a fairly neutral envi-
ronment, where nearly a month later,
we have a good stiff wind at our backs,”
said Representative Steve Israel of New
York, chairman of the Democratic Con-
gressional Campaign Committee. “That
wind is mostly propelled by Paul Ryan
and his budget.”
Democrats are now pouring on the
Medicare attack. A recent advertise-
ment by the party attacked Representa-
tive Dan Benishek of Michigan, a fresh-
man, saying that he had voted to “es-
sentially end Medicare and raise costs
on seniors by over $6,000,” the amount
the nonpartisan Congressional Budget
Office estimated the Ryan plan would
shift annually to Medicare beneficiaries.
The same line of attack is on the air in
North Carolina against the Republican
challenger David Rouzer, coupled with
the charge that the Ryan budget also
would cut taxes for millionaires, “defi-
nitely not North Carolina values.” Republican candidates are reacting
accordingly. Along with his colleague
Mr. McKinley, Representative Denny
Rehberg, Republican of Montana, open-
ly disparages the Medicare proposal in
his run for the Senate.
Mr. Gill, the California House candi-
date, cautioned, “The Republican Party
has to be the party of fairness.” Even veteran Republicans who are
not facing the Democratic fusillade are
grappling with the reality of legislating
such sweeping changes to programs as
popular as Medicare. Under the Ryan
proposal, those now 55 or younger
would no longer receive guaranteed
government health coverage at 65. In-
stead, at 67, they would receive a fixed
annual subsidy to purchase private
health insurance policies or pay into the
government fee-for-service plan. That
subsidy would increase each year
slightly faster than the growth of the
economy, regardless of the rate of
health care cost inflation.
Mr. Romney has embraced the plan in
theory, and said during the primary
campaign that, as president, he would
sign it into law. But some Republicans
suggest that he would take a less dog-
matic approach to negotiations that
would likely include Democrats. Mr.
Romney has “a track record of bringing
people in to work together,” Mr. Hoeven
said.
“Nobody knows whether it’s going to
be the full Ryan plan or not,” cautioned
Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah, the rank-
ing Republican on the Finance Commit-
tee, which has jurisdiction over Medi-
care. “Mitt Romney will carefully go
over every aspect of it.”
Officials at the National Republican
Congressional Committee said the par-
tisan attacks were already losing their
potency. Guy Harrison, executive di-
rector of the committee, predicted that
within a week or so, frustrated Demo-
crats would move on to other issues.
But other Republicans do not expect
Democrats to let up, and Democrats sig-
naled even before Mr. Ryan was chosen
as the vice-presidential nominee that
his plan would be at the center of their
2012 strategy. Tom Cotton, a rising Re-
publican star in Arkansas running for
the seat of Representative Mike Ross, a
Democrat who is retiring, said his oppo-
nent had tried to label him a Ryan
“clone.” It will not work in his Repub-
lican-leaning district, he said, but other
candidates are struggling.
Still, he said, most candidates are
ready to fight for Mr. Ryan’s plan.
“They recognize, as the House mem-
bers already there recognize, we have
to have this debate, and we have to win
this debate,” Mr. Cotton said, recalling
ambush training he had in the Army
when soldiers were drilled to face an at-
tack head-on. “This is the most predict-
able ambush in politics. You don’t duck
and cover. You turn and face it.”
Democrats are pointing to a number
of recent polls, conducted by Demo-
cratic firms and suggesting that their
candidates are gaining ground. On Fri-
day, the House Majority PAC released a
poll in a Minnesota race, showing that
the Democratic challenger, Nick Nolan,
was essentially tied with Representa-
tive Chip Cravaack, a freshman Repub-
lican. This week, polls conducted for the
Democratic Congressional Campaign
Committee showed several Democrats
in tight races with incumbent Repub-
licans, including Patrick Murphy and
Representative Allen B. West, a Tea
Party-backed freshman, in a new Re-
publican-leaning district in Florida;
Dan Maffei and Representative Ann
Marie Buerkle, another freshman, in a
rematch from 2010 in upstate New
York; and in a newly drawn district in
California, Ami Bera and Representa-
tive Dan Lungren. A poll conducted in early July by the
Democratic firm Lake Research Part-
ners for Mr. McNerney in California,
who barely survived 2010 and now is
running in a redrawn district far from
his Bay Area base of support, showed
Mr. Gill running far behind, Mr. Gill,
however, pointed to a July 28 poll con-
ducted by the Tarrance Group for his
campaign that showed the race to be
much closer. Ryan’s Budget Proposal Is Pitting G.O.P. Troops
Against Top of the Ticket
SHAWN THEW/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
TANNEN MAURY/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
“The Republican Party has to be the party of fairness.” RICKY GILL
Challenging Representative Jerry McNerney, Democrat of California
“The plan is the Romney plan. He’s the one that’s going to drive the agenda.”
SENATOR JOHN HOEVEN Republican of North Dakota
A big deal for
Romney-Ryan is shunned
by the rank and file. Some House Republicans
in tight races are playing
up their ‘no’ votes. By SUSAN SAULNY
ORLANDO, Fla. — Kaye Collie really
wanted to pay attention to the last night
of the Republican National Convention,
particularly the big moment when the
nominee, Mitt Romney, would step out
on the huge stage in Tampa, Fla., and
make the speech of his lifetime.
But she lasted only about 10 minutes
in front of her television before she fell
fast asleep to the sound of Mr. Rom-
ney’s (apparently soothing) voice, and
when she woke up the next morning, all
the buzz was about Clint Eastwood’s on-
stage antics.
Ms. Collie was like many voters along
the politically critical Interstate 4 corri-
dor of Florida, which runs from Tampa
to Orlando to Daytona Beach over sev-
en diverse and struggling counties that
tend to sway the most of any in this
swing state.
Interviews with voters here suggest
that Mr. Romney’s moment was well re-
ceived by some, but was also lost amid
a tide of other urgent concerns. The tim-
ing of Hurricane Isaac’s landfall in New
Orleans had a huge impact, but so did
plain old fatigue with both presidential
campaigns, and the day-to-day realities
of having a job, feeding the family and
running errands.
Wendy Beaudry, 41, an unemployed
single mother who lives in Davenport,
Fla., enjoyed listening when Mr. Rom-
ney’s wife, Ann, took center stage on
Tuesday.
“I thought she was amazing because
she said a lot of good things about
moms and the bottom line,” Ms. Beau-
dry said. “Honestly, I thought she
seemed very down to earth.”
“I’m a Democrat, but I feel we need a
change because things have been going
down, down, down. And people are wor-
ried, how much worse can it get?” she
said. “I didn’t watch for that long, but
she made her husband seem like a phe-
nomenal family man.” Mr. Romney spent a significant
amount of his prime time making a di-
rect appeal to women, putting his wife,
Ann, on a pedestal as a homemaker and
praising his mother, who once ran un-
successfully for the United States Sen-
ate. Often criticized as stiff and aloof,
Mr. Romney sough to humanize himself
in an effort to appeal to the broad array
of undecided voters, many of whom are
women.
But with voters’ attention floating in
and out, it was not clear whether his ef-
forts had much impact. In a word of
warning to President Obama, who holds
his own convention in Charlotte, N.C.,
next week, the conventions do not seem
to be must-see television. Ratings were
down significantly from four years ago,
according to Nielsen Media Research.
Helen and Jimmy Staggs, retired
nursery workers, watched a bit of the
convention at their home in Dover, Fla.,
east of Tampa. “To tell you the truth, I was about
tired of it before it began,” Mrs. Staggs,
67, said.
For her part, Ms. Collie, 60, a lawyer,
had a busy week. There were hurricane
preparations to be made — then un-
made — all while dealing with an un-
usually heavy workload in the office.
Midway through the convention, she
was worried about family and friends in
Louisiana and Mississippi, who came to
be in Hurricane Isaac’s shifted path. By
Thursday night, she said she was phys-
ically and emotionally exhausted.
The speech’s late start time in the
East didn’t help, either.
In her office on Friday morning, cof-
fee talk, she said, was about Mr. East-
wood. “Somebody said, what was that
business about the empty chair?”
Mr. Eastwood’s speech — a bizarre
ramble in which he pretended to have a
snippy conversation with an invisible
President Obama sitting by his side in
an empty chair — fell flat with many
voters.
“I thought the chair was there be-
cause he’s old and maybe he’d need to
sit down,” Ms. Collie said in all seri-
ousness.
The convention overall got a passing
grade from many, just not a high one.
“I actually thought it was dull,” said
Eric Menken, 48, a Republican from
Davenport, Fla., who is quite excited to
vote Mr. Obama out of office and
watched the convention all three nights
it was broadcast. “There were some
one-liners, some zingers, but overall, it
was a flat convention, including the last
night.”
Tracy Zirkle, a stay-at-home mother
in Orlando, watched the finale, and the
highest praise she could muster for Mr.
Romney was that he did not mess up.
“I was leaning toward him anyway,”
said Ms. Zirkle, 40. “His speech didn’t
hurt, let’s put it that way.”
Rachel Carlson, a 30-year-old Repub-
lican, said she caught a glimpse of the
convention as she flipped channels look-
ing for something to watch on Wednes-
day night. Mr. Romney’s running mate,
Representative Paul D. Ryan was
speaking, joking about the old songs on
Mr. Romney’s iPod.
“The crowd was laughing and it
looked like they were having a good
time,” she said. “But I just kept on flip-
ping.”
Too Busy or Just Too Tired, Some Floridians Paid Convention Little Mind PHOTOGRAPHS BY SARAH BETH GLICKSTEEN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Kaye Collie, left, of Orlando fell asleep during Mitt Romney’s speech on Thursday night. Eric Menken, 48, of Daven-
port said, “I actually thought it was dull.” Mr. Menken, a Republican, watched the convention all three nights. A14
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
ELECTION
2012
seemed to reflect those lessons.
“I’m here to learn and, obviously,
to draw some attention to what’s
going on here,” he told Mr. Jindal
shortly after he landed here. “So
that people around the country
know that people down here need
help.”
Just hours before, Mr. Romney
was standing on the stage at his
party’s convention in Tampa,
Fla., accepting the nomination in
a speech that cast Mr. Obama as
a president who had failed to
show the kind of leadership he
promised as a candidate four
years ago. If Thursday night was about
telling Americans why he would
be a better leader, Friday was
about showing them. The Romney campaign did not
announce the trip to Louisiana
until early Friday, a delay that
aides attributed to the complex-
ities of visiting a region where
some roads remain impassible
and the presence of a presidential
candidate’s motorcade could
complicate recovery efforts.
Mr. Romney had been sched-
uled to hold rallies in Florida and
Virginia on Friday. He canceled
his trip to Virginia and stopped
only briefly in Lakeland, a city
along Florida’s heavily populated
and politically important Inter-
state 4 corridor, the belt that
stretches from Daytona Beach to
Tampa and an area that has often
decided elections here.
“The convention was a won-
derful and magnificent opportu-
nity for us to share our message,”
Mr. Romney said in Lakeland,
standing on a stage under bright
movie set lights, typically used
when the campaign is filming for
an advertisement. “Now we’re going to need you
to get out there and get your
friends to vote,” he added.
The Romney campaign ac-
knowledges the work it has cut
out for it in the 10 weeks that re-
main before Election Day. Now
that Mr. Romney is the official
nominee, he will be free to spend
his huge general election cam-
paign war chest, which, accord-
ing to the most recent report,
stood at more than $180 million.
Before he was nominated, cam-
paign finance rules limited him to
spending only money he had
raised during the primaries.
During that time, the Obama
campaign pummeled Mr. Rom-
ney with negative advertise-
ments, helping to sow unflatter-
ing perceptions of him.
“There’s never been a situa-
tion like we have now,” Mr. Ste-
vens said. “Usually campaigns
aren’t too developed going into
the convention. The other guy’s
spent half a billion dollars. Half a
billion dollars. The whole world is
so different you just have to say,
‘Who knows?’”
SKIP BOLEN/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Mitt Romney met residents of Lafitte, La., in a postconvention stop with Gov. Bobby Jindal.
Romney Shows Support in Louisiana
LUKE SHARRETT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
President Obama greeted people on the tarmac on Friday be-
fore speaking to service members at Fort Bliss in El Paso.
From Page A12
Trip Gabriel contributed report-
ing from New Orleans, and Jackie
Calmes from Fort Worth. By MICHAEL COOPER
In his very first television ad-
vertisement last year, Mitt Rom-
ney highlighted the nation’s dire
unemployment crisis, its record
number of home foreclosures and
the rising national debt, and
showed video of President Oba-
ma delivering this arresting re-
mark: “If we keep talking about
the economy, we’re going to
lose.”
There was one problem: the
quotation was taken so wildly out
of context that it turned Mr. Oba-
ma’s actual meaning upside-
down. The truncated clip came
from a speech Mr. Obama gave in
2008 talking about his opponent,
Senator John McCain of Arizona.
The full quotation? “Senator Mc-
Cain’s campaign actually said,
and I quote, ‘If we keep talking
about the economy, we’re going
to lose.’”
PolitiFact.com, the Pulitzer
Prize-winning fact-checking Web
site, rated the advertisement
“Pants on Fire,” its most decep-
tive rating possible, but it
achieved what the Romney cam-
paign had hoped: people started
talking about the sluggish econ-
omy and how Mr. Obama’s cam-
paign promises had fallen short.
And it set the tone for the cam-
paign that followed, which has
often seemed dismissive of fact-
checkers. “We’re not going let our cam-
paign be dictated by fact-check-
ers,” Neil Newhouse, the Romney
campaign’s pollster, said this
week during a breakfast discus-
sion at the Republican National
Convention in Tampa, Fla., that
was sponsored by ABC News and
Yahoo News. He said that fact-
checkers brought their own sets
of thoughts and beliefs to their
work, and that the campaign
stands behind its ads. Every four years there are lies
in campaigns, and at times a
blurry line between acceptable
political argument and outright
sophistry. But recent events —
from the misleading statements
in convention speeches to televi-
sion advertisements repeating
widely debunked claims — have
raised new questions about
whether the political culture still
holds any penalty for falsehood.
Brooks Jackson, the director of
FactCheck.org, a project of the
Annenberg Public Policy Center
of the University of Pennsylva-
nia, said that at various points
this year both sides have blithely
gone on repeating statements
that were found false. “They don’t care,” he said, “be-
cause it gets votes.” The increas-
ingly disaggregated media eco-
system, the diminished trust in
traditional news organizations
and the rise of social media had
made it easier than ever to inject
questionable assertions directly
into the media bloodstream —
and to rebut them. But while there is arguably
more fact-checking now than
ever — and, thanks to the Web,
more ways to independently
check what candidates and cam-
paigns say — verdicts that a cam-
paign has crossed the line are
often drowned out by dissent
from its supporters, who take it
upon themselves to check the
checkers. Brendan Nyhan, an assistant
professor of government at Dart-
mouth College, said nonpartisan
fact-checking groups now com-
pete with ideologically motivated
groups from both sides that con-
sider their work to be checking
facts as well. (The political cam-
paigns also call some of their own
news releases “fact-checks.”)
“The term ‘fact check’ can eas-
ily be devalued, as people throw
it onto any sort of an opinion that
they have,” Mr. Nyhan said. “The
other problem is that the parti-
sans who pay attention to politics
are being conditioned to disre-
gard the fact-checkers when their
own side gets criticized.”
The cycle was on display at the
Republican convention when Mr.
Romney’s running mate, Repre-
sentative Paul D. Ryan of Wis-
consin, made a number of ques-
tionable or misleading claims in
his speech. Even before he
stopped speaking, some of his
claims were being questioned on
Twitter. Soon fact-checkers were
highlighting some of the mislead-
ing statements. More partisan
sites rushed to Mr. Ryan’s de-
fense with posts finding fault
with the first round of fact
checks. The truth-twisting has not
been limited to Republicans.
Democrats gleefully repeated an
out-of-context quote that made it
sound as if Mr. Romney enjoys
firing people. An outside group
supporting Mr. Obama ran an ad-
vertisement giving the unfair im-
pression that Mr. Romney was
responsible for the death of the
wife of a steelworker who lost his
job and his health insurance
when Mr. Romney’s old compa-
ny, Bain Capital, closed down the
plant where he worked. And the Obama campaign ran
a commercial falsely suggesting
that Mr. Romney opposes abor-
tion even in cases or rape or in-
cest; he says he supports such
exceptions. But some independent com-
mentators have argued that the
Romney campaign appears to be
more dishonest at this point in
the campaign, citing the many
times it has broadcast a commer-
cial making the false claim that
Mr. Obama wants to gut the work
requirements of welfare. Mark Halperin, the Time mag-
azine writer, made the point this
week on MSNBC, even as he not-
ed that the Democrats had lost
some of the high ground with
their recent misleading attacks.
“But at this point I think the
Romney campaign is besting
them in making these distortions
and untruths a bigger part of
their message,” he said.
Confidence in the old arbiters,
the mainstream media, has fallen
precipitously in recent decades:
the percentage of Americans who
trust newspapers, television and
radio to report the news accu-
rately and fairly fell to 43 percent
in 2010, down from 72 percent in
1976, according to the Gallup Poll.
Mr. Nyhan’s research has shown
the difficulties in trying to set the
record straight through news ac-
counts.
In a recent paper, called
“When Corrections Fail: The Per-
sistence of Political Mispercep-
tions,” he and Jason Reifler, an
assistant professor of political
science at Georgia State Univer-
sity, found that corrective infor-
mation in standard news articles
— compared with separate fact-
check pieces — was often ineffec-
tive at changing the minds of peo-
ple predisposed to believe a mis-
perception, and sometimes made
the problem worse with what
they termed a “backfire effect.” Bill Adair, the editor of Politi-
Fact.com, a project of The Tampa
Bay Times, has seen his site
come under fire from the left and
the right in recent years, but said
that this may prove to be the year
of the fact-checker. “I think there has always been
a calculation by political cam-
paigns to forge ahead with a
falsehood if they think it will
score the points they want to
score,” said Mr. Adair, who noted
that campaigns still care enough
about the truth to spend time ex-
plaining their positions and state-
ments to his reporters. “What’s
different this time is there is
more fact-checking than ever.” POLITICAL MEMO Fact-Checkers Howl, but Campaigns Seem Attached to Dishonest Ads
TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Fact-checkers said Representative Paul D. Ryan’s speech at the Republican convention contained many questionable claims.
Marjorie Connelly contributed re-
porting. N
A15
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
..........................
A federal three-judge panel
in San Antonio ruled on Fri-
day that the November elec-
tions in Texas would proceed,
ending uncertainty about
whether a Washington court’s
earlier ruling would delay the
elections.
Earlier, the court in Wash-
ington struck down electoral
redistricting maps passed by
the Republican-dominated
State Legislature, finding that
they discriminated against
minorities. One of the minority groups
that sued Texas over the maps
asked the judges to redraw
part of the Congressional dis-
trict map and to set a new
election schedule. But on Friday, the San Anto-
nio judges determined that
the interim redistricting maps
that they created would be
used. A lawyer for the group,
the League of United Latin
American Citizens, had ar-
gued that the interim Con-
gressional maps were dis-
criminatory because they
were based in part on the
state’s original maps. The judges appeared reluc-
tant to disrupt the elections,
and they heard testimony
from an elections administra-
tor in Bexar County, where
San Antonio is located, who
said that any change to the
electoral maps two months be-
fore Election Day would pose
logistical problems and jeop-
ardize her ability to meet the
Sept. 22 deadline for mailing
ballots to overseas military
voters. MANNY FERNANDEZ
TEXAS REDISTRICTING Way Cleared for November Vote
..........................
In the words of that great
animated philosopher Homer
J. Simpson: “When are people
going to learn? Democracy
doesn’t work.” Sometimes the
same can be said for social
media.
Since Clint Eastwood’s
unusual exchange with an
empty chair at the Republican
National Convention on
Thursday night, the
collective creativity
of the Internet has
generated countless
illustrations and oth-
er widely circulated
memes making light
of the speech. But one
humorous image,
made to look as if it
came from an episode
of “The Simpsons,” overstates
the predictive power of that
satirical Fox cartoon series.
The meme, which has
spread rapidly on social net-
works like Twitter and Face-
book, shows the cantankerous
character Grampa Simpson in
a newspaper clipping, shaking
his fist in a photograph be-
neath the headline “Old Man
Yells at Chair.” The image is
often accompanied by cap-
tions reading,“The Simpsons
knew it was coming.”
Though rival animators
have previously expressed
their awed frustration at the
ability of “Simpsons” writers
to beat them to every possible
joke and plotline, in this case,
“The Simpsons” didn’t do it.
That image of Grampa
Simpson, created by a thus-far
anonymous denizen of the
Web, is an alteration of a gag
that appeared in a
2002 “Simpsons” epi-
sode called “The Old
Man and the Key”:
lacking a photograph
for a driver’s license,
Grampa displays an
old newspaper article
whose headline
reads,“Old Man Yells
at Cloud.”
On Friday, Al Jean, “The
Simpsons” executive pro-
ducer, reluctantly acknowl-
edged that he and his col-
leagues did not have quite
enough foresight to anticipate
Mr. Eastwood’s convention
speech.
“We didn’t predict this
but we guarantee the world
will end Dec. 21,” Mr. Jean
wrote in an e-mail. “Save
money by not booking any
holiday plans!” DAVE ITZKOFF
SOCIAL MEDIA
‘The Simpsons’ Didn’t Do It
The online version of The Caucus, a blog looking at the latest
political news from around the country:
nytimes.com/politics
ruling today,” Mr. DeWine
said. “We have always al-
lowed distinction for military
voters, and to say this violates
equal protection is wrong.” Ohio opened early balloting
to all voters — one of 32 states
to do so — after the 2004 elec-
tion debacle that left thou-
sands of state residents
stranded in long lines unable
to cast their ballots before the
polls closed. Democrats estimated in
their lawsuit that 93,000 peo-
ple voted early in the final
three days of the 2008 elec-
tion. At least one study Demo-
crats presented in their law-
suit showed that early voters
tended to favor Democrats. The Republican-controlled
legislature eliminated the fi-
nal three days in a flurry of
legislation in the last year.
Then last month, the secre-
tary of state, a Republican,
eliminated all weekend voting
during the five-week early
voting period, which begins
Oct. 2. After Friday’s decision, the
American Civil Liberties Un-
ion of Ohio called on the state
to restore all weekends during
the early voting period. RAY RIVERA
A federal judge in Ohio on
Friday ordered the state to
give all voters the right to cast
their ballots in person on the
final three days before Elec-
tion Day. The ruling was a victory for
state Democrats and Presi-
dent Obama’s campaign in a
swing state and was the latest
salvo in the contentious battle
over the state’s early voting
laws before the Nov. 6 elec-
tion. The state Democratic Party
and the Obama campaign had
sued the state over the consti-
tutionality of a law that ended
early in-person voting on the
Friday evening before the
election to all but voters serv-
ing in the military or living
overseas. The judge, Peter C. Econo-
mus of Federal District Court
in Columbus, issued a prelimi-
nary injunction against the
law, saying that in making an
exception for some, the law
unconstitutionally valued
some voters over others. Judge Economus also cited
statistical studies presented
by Democrats showing that
low-income and minority vot-
ers would be disproportion-
ately affected by the elimina-
tion of the voting days. In his ruling, the judge
roundly rejected the state’s
arguments that restoring the
final three days would make it
difficult for county election
boards to prepare for Election
Day and would make it diffi-
cult for military voters to cast
their ballots early. The Ohio attorney general,
Mike DeWine, above, an-
nounced that he would appeal
the decision. “With all due respect to the
judge, we disagree with his
Federal Judge in Ohio
Restores Early Voting
ELECTION
2012
By COLIN MOYNIHAN
TAMPA, Fla. — By the time the
Republican National Convention
ended in Tampa, Fla., no win-
dows had been broken, no tear
gas had clouded the air and the
arrest tally stood at two.
The lack of disturbances stood
in stark contrast to the last three
Republican conventions, when
street battles between the police
and protesters resulted in numer-
ous arrests and prompted a flur-
ry of court fights about police ac-
tions.
Dissidents this week did man-
age to set off a few disruptions in-
side the Tampa Bay Times For-
um, where the convention took
place, interrupting the speeches
of Mitt Romney and Representa-
tive Paul D. Ryan. But outside the
hall, both the police and protest-
ers avoided behavior that had led
to conflicts at previous conven-
tions. Protesters, including bands
of anarchists, were occasionally
defiant but entirely peaceful. And
the police responded to minor in-
fractions with flexibility rather
than aggression. The détente not only made life
in downtown Tampa less daunt-
ing, but gave two traditionally ad-
versarial groups a chance to re-
define their relationship.
“The organizers did a good job,
the protesters did a good job, so
did the leaders of law enforce-
ment and the troops under them,”
said Amos Miers, a spokesman
for a protest group, resistRNC.
“Everyone maintained a sense of
discipline and order.”
At the three prior Republican
gatherings, starting with Phila-
delphia in 2000, there were public
disturbances and lawsuits, with
the police arresting large num-
bers of people and many protest-
ers complaining that they were
being rounded up without justifi-
cation.
At the 2008 convention in St.
Paul, the police there and in Min-
neapolis arrested more than 800
people while discharging tear gas
and firing foam and plastic bul-
lets. Four years earlier in New
York, the number of arrests was
about 1,800, and hundreds of peo-
ple sued the city saying they
were wrongly arrested and then
held for days in deplorable condi-
tions.
There was no shortage of po-
lice officers in Tampa wearing
helmets and padded vests, and at
one point a pickup truck with a
powerful sound cannon was de-
ployed. But the police also ap-
peared to cultivate a friendly re-
lationship with protesters, often
greeting them on sidewalks and
at one point dropping off water
and fruit at an encampment of
tents and tarps where protesters
were sleeping. And when groups of protesters
sought to march down streets
that had been blocked by officers,
commanders decided on several
occasions to allow the marchers
to proceed.
The decision to sometimes
bend was intentional, the Tampa
police chief, Jane Castor, told re-
porters on Wednesday night as
protesters milled outside an en-
trance to the convention hall.
“We’re allowing people to ex-
press themselves in any way,
shape or form they think is nec-
essary as long as it doesn’t cross
over into criminal behavior,” she
said.
Of course, the crowds that
turned up to protest in Tampa
numbered in the hundreds, sig-
nificantly smaller than such
crowds at previous Republican
conventions, which often reached
into the thousands. Organizers
said that many people stayed
away this year, deterred by
threats of a powerful storm that
led Republican officials to cancel
most proceedings on Monday, the
convention’s opening day.
Still, while protesters held sev-
eral marches and regularly flout-
ed local regulations, like walking
in roadways without securing
permits and repeatedly deviating
from an official parade route es-
tablished by the city, they es-
chewed destructive tactics. In 2008, some masked protest-
ers smashed bank and store win-
dows in St. Paul, but when an-
archists dressed in black em-
barked on marches in Tampa,
they also brought green plastic
bags to pick up trash and distrib-
uted food to the homeless.
“Anarchism, ‘black bloc’ and
violence are three separate
things,” said Ryan Lash, 26, from
Washington, referring to an often
violent form of protest in which
participants wear black. “We
showed that.”
Perhaps the tensest standoff of
the convention occurred on
Wednesday night when close to
100 people, some linking arms
and wearing bandanna masks,
approached a line of officers who
had used bicycles to seal off
North Tampa Street.
The protesters got within 10
feet of the police. Then they
moved forward again. The ranks
of officers, wearing helmets and
standing three deep, did not give
way. The protesters stood silent-
ly, some of them raising fists in
the air. Police radios cracked and
a helicopter hovered overhead. Each side seemed primed for a
conflict, but after a whispered
conversation with a protester at
the front of the bloc, a command-
er directed the officers to move to
the side and allow the marchers
to continue.
For the Police and Protesters, a Quieter Convention ROBERT STOLARIK FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Officers on bicycles outside the Tampa Bay Times Forum on
Wednesday briefly blocked protesters before relenting. ments before the biggest speech
of Mr. Romney’s life instantly be-
came a Twitter and cable-news
sensation, which drowned out
much of the usual postconvention
analysis that his campaign had
hoped to bask in.
It also startled and unsettled
Mr. Romney’s top advisers and
prompted a blame game among
them. “Not me,” an exasperated-
looking senior adviser said when
asked who was responsible for
Mr. Eastwood’s speech. In inter-
views, aides called the speech
“strange” and “weird.” One de-
scribed it as “theater of the ab-
surd.”
Ann Romney, who made the
rounds of the three network
morning shows, hardly pretend-
ed that she was happy as she was
repeatedly asked about the
speech. “I was thrilled for his
support,” she said on NBC, trying
to be positive. Gov. Scott Walker
of Wisconsin said on MSNBC
that he “cringed” as he sat in the
hall during Mr. Eastwood’s per-
formance.
The speech was a reminder of
how fleeting a successful political
moment can be, and how careful-
ly staged events can be upset by
an unpredictable turn. And it sug-
gested a slip-up inside the button-
down, corporate-style headquar-
ters of the Romney campaign in
Boston. Romney advisers so trusted
Mr. Eastwood, 82, that unlike
with other speakers, they said
they did not conduct rehearsals
or insist on a script or communi-
cate guidelines for the style or
format of his remarks. For Mr.
Eastwood, the convention speech
was a bit part in a career that has
had its political moments. An-
gered by zoning laws he did not
like, he served one two-year term
as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea in
California. In 1988, George Bush
briefly considered choosing him
as his running mate; he picked
Dan Quayle instead.
During the weeks after Mr.
Romney extended the invitation
in Idaho, the actor’s role in the
convention lineup was kept se-
cret. On the public schedule, his
slot was listed as “to be an-
nounced.”
As the last night of the conven-
tion approached, planners tried
to keep a lid on the story even as
Mr. Eastwood’s name leaked out
on the Internet, hoping his ap-
pearance would be the good kind
of a surprise, not the bad kind.
“If we announced it, it wouldn’t
be a mystery anymore,” Mr.
Schriefer told reporters, playful-
ly.
Another adviser said that sev-
eral top aides had reviewed the
talking points given to Mr. East-
wood just a few hours before his
appearance. They included a re-
quest to mention the millions of
people who remain unemployed
— something Mr. Eastwood did,
though he misstated the number.
As actors sometimes do, he im-
provised.
Instead of reading off a tele-
prompter — something Mr. East-
wood is said to despise — he pre-
tended to have a sarcasm-filled
conversation with President Oba-
ma, seated by his side.
“What do you mean, shut up?”
Mr. Eastwood said, mumbling to
a befuddled audience. A moment
later, he stopped again, saying,
“What do you want me to tell Mr.
Romney?”
“I can’t tell him that. He can’t
do that to himself,” Mr. Eastwood
said. “You’re getting as bad as Bi-
den.”
Initially, there were no plans
for Mr. Eastwood to take a chair
onstage. But at the last minute,
the actor asked the production
staff backstage if he could use
one but did not explain why.
Had Mr. Eastwood appeared
earlier, many fewer people might
have noticed. The networks be-
gan their hour of convention cov-
erage at 10 p.m. Eastern time,
which meant that Mr. Eastwood
was the first act of the night for
their millions of viewers.
He was scheduled to speak for
about five minutes but stayed on-
stage for more than twice as long,
throwing off the schedule for Mr.
Romney.
Mr. Stevens, in an interview,
said he would not discuss inter-
nal decision making, but he said
that Mr. Romney was backstage
during Mr. Eastwood’s remarks.
“He spoke from the heart with
a classic improv sketch which ev-
eryone at the convention loved,”
Mr. Stevens said, calling it “an
honor that a great American icon
would come and talk about the
failure of the current president.”
Rush Limbaugh called Mr.
Eastwood’s performance “bold.”
But other members of the party
faithful were not so sure. As they
flew home from Tampa on Friday,
some delegates grumbled that
Mr. Eastwood was a waste of a
prime-time slot that might have
been better used to feature other
speakers or the biographical vid-
eo of Mr. Romney’s life.
Mr. Eastwood is generally
liked and respected in Holly-
wood, where his colleagues often
do not agree with his politics.
Leonard Hirshan, Mr. East-
wood’s manager, said the actor
was traveling and would not be
available for interviews.
Mr. Hirshan said he had heard
a chorus of response since the
speech, divided evenly between
those supportive and those crit-
ical. Mr. Eastwood’s next film,
“Trouble With the Curve,” is set
for release on Sept. 21.
“He does these things for him-
self,” Mr. Hirshan said. “It’s his
private life. He believes in what
he’s doing.”
Before a Talk With a Chair, Clearance From the Top
STEPHEN CROWLEY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Clint Eastwood pretended to be speaking with President Obama, seated next to him. From Page A1
Jeremy W. Peters contributed re-
porting from Kenner, La., and Mi-
chael Cieply from Los Angeles. A16
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA
Harvard students suspected in
a major cheating scandal said on
Friday that many of the accusa-
tions are based on innocent — or
at least tolerated — collaboration
among students, and with help
from graduate-student teachers
who sometimes gave them an-
swers to test questions.
Students said they were
tripped up by a course whose
tests were confusing, whose
grading was inconsistent, and for
which the professor and teaching
assistants gave contradictory
signals about what was expected.
They face the possibility of a one-
year suspension from Harvard or
revocation of their diplomas if
they have already graduated, and
some said that they will sue the
university if any serious punish-
ment is meted out.
In years past, the course, Intro-
duction to Congress, had a rep-
utation as one of the easiest at
Harvard College. Some of the 279
students who took it in the spring
semester said that the teacher,
Matthew B. Platt, an assistant
professor of government, told
them at the outset that he gave
high grades and that neither at-
tending his lectures nor the dis-
cussion sessions with graduate
teaching fellows was mandatory.
“He said, ‘I gave out 120 A’s
last year, and I’ll give out 120
more,’” one accused student said.
But evaluations posted online
by students after finals — before
the cheating charges were made
— in Harvard’s Q Guide were
filled with seething assessments,
and made clear that the class was
no longer easy. Many students,
who posted anonymously, de-
scribed Dr. Platt as a great lectur-
er, but the guide included far
more comments like “I felt that
many of the exam questions were
designed to trick you rather than
test your understanding of the
material,” “the exams are abso-
lutely absurd and don’t match
the material covered in the lec-
ture at all,” “went from being
easy last year to just being plain
old confusing,” and “this was per-
haps the worst class I have ever
taken.”
Harvard University revealed
on Wednesday that nearly half of
the undergraduates in the spring
class were under investigation
for suspected cheating, for work-
ing together or for plagiarizing
on a take-home final exam. Jay
Harris, the dean of undergradu-
ate education, called the episode
“unprecedented in its scope and
magnitude.”
The university would not name
the class, but it was identified by
students facing cheating allega-
tions. They were granted ano-
nymity because they said they
feared that open criticism could
influence the outcome of their
disciplinary cases.
“They’re threatening people’s
futures,” said a student who grad-
uated in May. “Having my degree
revoked now would mean I lose
my job.”
The students said they do not
doubt that some people in the
class did things that were obvi-
ously prohibited, like working to-
gether in writing test answers.
But they said that some of the
conduct now being condemned
was taken for granted in the Harvard Students in Cheating Scandal Say Collaboration Was Accepted
Continued on Page A18
By MATTHEW L. WALD
WASHINGTON — The contractors in
charge of guarding the national stock-
pile of bomb-grade uranium in Ten-
nessee knew well before an 82-year-old
nun and two other pacifists broke
through three barriers this summer
that a lot of the security equipment was
broken, and government managers
knew it too, according to an internal au-
dit of Energy Department operations at
the weapons facility. The inspector gen-
eral’s investigation found “troubling
displays of ineptitude.” The intruders used ordinary bolt cut-
ters to penetrate as far as the uranium
storage building before dawn on July 28,
and then went undiscovered until they
approached an officer in his vehicle and
surrendered, according to the audit.
The officer failed to draw his gun or
even secure his gun from seizure, “and
permitted the trespassers to roam
about and retrieve various items from
backpacks they had apparently brought
into the area,” the report said. The three antiwar protesters — Sister
Megan Gillespie Rice, of Las Vegas; Mi-
chael R. Walli, 63, of Washington; and
Gregory I. Boertje-Obed, 57, of Duluth,
Minn. — have been charged with felo-
nies in connection with damage to the
building. They said they had brought
bread and candles for a Christian ritual. The guard told The Knoxville News
that he was being used as a scapegoat,
and that it was obvious that the trio
posed no threat. Internal communications at the
weapons plant, Y-12, near Oak Ridge,
Tenn., were generally so poor that secu-
rity officers told the auditors that it was
not unusual for roofers or utility repair
personnel to show up unannounced, and
that when they heard the trespassers
banging on the exterior wall of the stor-
age building with hammers, they as-
sumed it was maintenance workers. The Energy Department’s inspector
general, Gregory H. Friedman, said in
the report that the episode showed
“multiple system failures on many lev-
els.” He said the facility would spend
$150 million for security this year. The government skimped on security
hardware before the storage building
was finished in 2008, the report said,
and the National Nuclear Security
Agency, a part of the Energy Depart-
ment formed to handle weapons securi-
ty after a previous scandal, told manag-
ers at the site last year to plan for re-
duced security funds.
As a result, the contractor, WSI-Oak
Ridge, cut back on patrols and an-
nounced plans to cut 70 security staff
positions, although those plans were
canceled after the July breach. Before the incident, the contractor
conducted “self-assessment” reports
that concluded that security was good,
and these were endorsed by govern-
ment site managers despite “a number
of known security-related problems at
Y-12,” the report said. These included
broken cameras and other unspecified
sensing equipment. (One camera actu-
ally provided an image of the three
breaking in, but the security officer
missed it, the report said.) The “governance model” at the site
“did not identify the weaknesses that
contributed to the security incident,”
the report said. In fact, federal officials
told the auditors that under their man-
agement rules, they did not believe they
could intervene in the security contrac-
tor’s operations to complain about bro-
ken equipment. Some sites repair bro-
ken sensors and cameras within 24
hours; Y-12 set a window of 5 to 10 days,
but that was only a goal, not a rule, the
report said.
The report pointed to a variety of oth-
er problems that violated department
policy. One was relying on “pan-tilt-
zoom” cameras that sweep back and
forth, because a sophisticated adver-
sary could learn their pattern and time
an entry to avoid detection. Since the breach, the plant’s general
manager has been removed, along with
leaders of the guard force, and the Ener-
gy Department has begun proceedings
to fire the management contractor, a
subsidiary of Babcock & Wilcox, an en-
ergy technology and services provider
that was responsible for the security
hardware. And a new government secu-
rity expert has been brought in.
Weapons Plant
Security Issues
Are Described
In U.S. Audit
By JIM ROBBINS
MISSOULA, Mont. — Students are
back in their classrooms this week,
the heat of summer has cooled and
new chalk lines have been placed on
the football field as the University of Montana Griz-
zlies and their devoted fans prepare for the opening
kickoff on Saturday.
But as the season gets under way, some long-
time fans in this mountain-ringed college town are
wrestling with their feelings in the wake of a series
of allegations of sexual assaults by football players
that were either unreported or minimized, and the
most serious of which remain unresolved. Susan Hay Patrick, chief executive of the Mis-
soula United Way, is a Grizzly supporter who will
not be in the stands. “The magic has not gone away
for me,” she said in an interview. “But I want to
stand with the people for whom the magic has gone
away. It’s my way of having it not be business as
usual.” There is no professional football team any-
where near Montana, and for many in this city of
67,000 and beyond, the Grizzlies are the team. Fans
pour into Missoula from hundreds of miles away,
from around the state and beyond, to watch the
games in the scenic 25,000-seat stadium that sits be-
neath the grassy flank of Mount Sentinel.
The Grizzlies, in the Big Sky Conference, won a
national championship in 2001, and are perennial
playoff contenders in the Football Championship
Subdivision. Last year they were in the semifinals. And then the sky fell, as stories started emerg-
ing at the end of last year. One student told the po-
lice that in December 2010, she was drinking and
passed out. She awoke to find herself being assault-
ed by four football players. Later three other foot-
ball players were implicated in two separate sexual
assaults. The police investigated all of the allega-
tions but did not press charges.
In February of this year, the Grizzlies’ starting
running back, Beau Donaldson, was charged with
rape in connection with a 2010 episode. The starting
quarterback, Jordan Johnson, faces rape charges as
well. Both have said they are innocent. If convicted,
they face two years to life in prison.
In April, the contracts of Robin Pflugrad, who
was Big Sky Conference coach of the year in 2011,
and Jim O’Day, the athletic director, were not re-
newed. No explanation was given. There was widespread feeling in Missoula that
players had been coddled, their transgressions ig-
nored or played down. Three players involved in the
sexual assault allegations, for example, including
the two charged with rape, are represented by law-
yers who are board members of a Grizzly booster
organization. The series of events led to a federal Justice De-
partment investigation into how the university, the
City of Missoula and Missoula County handle the re-
porting of sexual assaults.It is also investigating
the university under Title IX, part of federal educa-
tion law, and Title IV, under the Civil Rights Act, for
how it handled sexual assault accusations.And
many wonder if the National Collegiate Athletic As-
sociation, which has its own investigation under
way, will impose penalties.
Changes have taken place. The university has
introduced new prevention programs, and law en-
forcement officials have overhauled how they han-
dle sexual assault complaints. The new coach, Mick
Delaney, has vowed to emphasize character over
football. And this week he suspended a starting cor-
nerback for an unspecified offense.
Despite the uncertainty that hangs over it all,
many are ready to move on. “I’m really excited about the first game,” said
Drew Owens, a student and a member of the track
team who was running up and down the steps of
Washington Stadium as a swarm of workers
cleaned the seats. “The whole school and the whole
town is excited. It’s a small town, and when it’s foot-
ball season, it’s football season. This game is the
biggest step to moving forward and putting all of
the bad stuff in the past.”
“People are more wary of associating with foot-
ball players,” said Hannah Click, a freshman from
Bozeman, who plans to attend the game. “As far as
excitement for the game, though, it’s the same, and
we’re going to go and cheer them.” The usual signs of the football season have
cropped up all over town. A new Grizzly apparel
store opened downtown, and John Carlon, a fan,
was putting the last touches on a window painting
at a local sports bar of 16 players, something he has
done each of the past 24 years. “Football season is an exciting time,” Beau An-
derson, a white-aproned bartender at the Missoula
Club, said as he flipped a fragrant grill-full of home-
made hamburgers. The club is a longtime sports
bar with dozens of faded photos of past sports he-
roes. He believes enthusiasm for Grizzly football is
undimmed. “This place will be packed from 8 until 2
in the morning.” Still, how the problems are resolved could have
a big effect on this season and perhaps future ones.
“There’s such a focus on the Penn State scan-
dal, we’re under a microscope,” said Chris Badgley,
a fan having lunch at the Missoula Club. Yet he said
the team and the university would recover. “The
football culture, the drinking, the binging, is unfor-
tunate, but it comes with the territory. There’ll be a
pall over the game, but not for the diehard fans.” PHOTOGRAPHS BY RICH ADDICKS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
John Carlon finishing his painting of University of Montana football players on the windows of the Press Box Sports Bar on Wednesday. MISSOULA JOURNAL Sex Charges
Cast a Pall On a CollegeTown
The University of Montana campus in Missoula.Susan Hay Patrick, right, is one Grizzly fan who, disturbed by a series of allegations of sex-
ual assault by football players, will not be at the season’s first game on Saturday. “It’s my way of having it not be business as usual.” TOM BAUER/MISSOULIAN
Beau Donaldson, top, and Jordan
Johnson, players charged with rape.
JOHN CREPEAU/MISSOULIAN
N
A17
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
said, rubbing his fingers together
and making the international
sign for money.
MGM Resorts International,
which owns the Beau Rivage, ini-
tially did not want to shut down
operations as the storm ap-
proached. No mandatory evacua-
tions were in effect, and the build-
ing was designed to withstand a
good-size hurricane. Of course, the Labor Day holi-
day was on everyone’s mind. Al-
most all the hotels here had been
fully booked. Poker tournaments
and special shows were sched-
uled.
Every hour that the resorts
stayed closed meant dozens of
cancellations for the weekend.
Besides, shutting down a casi-
no and hotel is not a simple mat-
ter of locking up millions of dol-
lars and turning out the lights. Although the Gulf Coast gam-
bling industry is not as big as the
ones in Las Vegas or Atlantic
City, casino jobs are the Missis-
sippi River of employment in this
part of the country. At the Beau Rivage alone, 3,000
people collect paychecks, said
Mary Cracchiolo Spain, the re-
sort’s spokeswoman. And that
does not account for businesses
that supply prime steaks for the
high rollers, fancy oils for the
spas, and thousands of other
products that flow to the region
every day.
The Mississippi Gaming Com-
mission ordered the casinos to
shut down by Tuesday morning
as the slow-moving storm was
approaching the coast of Louisi-
ana and Mississippi.The few
hundred hotel guests left in the
29-story Beau Rivage were told
that they would have to leave by
the morning. The casino flies thousands of
people a year in and out on a pri-
vate 737.That plane would have
to be moved, so it was packed
with employees who could
recreate the casino’s call center
at its sister property upstate.
The executive chef, Joseph
Friel, a veteran of the Plaza Hotel
and the “21” Club in New York,
drained all the fryers and packed
food from the hotel’s 19 kitchens
into walk-in freezers and a refrig-
erated truck across the street
that would all run on generators.
Slot machines and A.T.M.’s
were covered in plastic. Chips
were moved to a vault. In the
counting room, where workers
wear coveralls with no pockets
and everything from the tables to
the trash cans are made of clear
glass or plastic, the last of the
money was accounted for. Brink’s made a last pickup, and
the gaming commission made a
last check of the computer sys-
tems that run the slot machines
and counted the last of the dice
and the cards. The flood walls
went up, and everyone aban-
doned ship, save for a dozen
workers who stayed to ride out
the storm. Immediately, George P. Cor-
chis Jr., the president of regional
operations for MGM, started
thinking about when to reopen,
making repeated calls to the
gaming commission, his staff and
the meteorologists the company
keeps on retainer.
Like many people on the Gulf
Coast, he woke up early Thurs-
day expecting the storm to be
over. But it was still raging out-
side, and the coastal highway
was still partly underwater, so he
postponed the decision. But by 1
p.m., he was ready to take the
gamble. He would have the doors
open before 6 p.m.
Employees were called in. The
kitchen was fired up. Silt was
washed from the bus lobby,
which, except for slot machines
hit by a few leaks, was the only
part of the building that took on
water. What Mr. Corchis called “a
very large Brink’s truck” filled
with money arrived. Since the power had not gone
out, the gaming commission did
not need to check each of the
2,200 machines. That made the
job easier. As a craps dealer load-
ed $750,000 worth of chips onto a
table and a bartender readied his
station, the O.K. was given.
With it, the marketing team
leapt into action, posting mes-
sages on Twitter and Facebook
and calling every special guest
they could with the news. The ca-
sino was ready. Waiting at the door were three
poker players, who headed right
to a no-limit Texas Hold ’Em ta-
ble. Like poker players every-
where, they were not showing
much emotion over the speed
with which the gambling indus-
try on the coast had managed to
get back into business.
“I tried to go to a movie, and it
was closed,” Ismail Birben, who
drove in from Gautier, Miss., said
with a shrug. “This was the only
place that was open.”
With the Wind Still Kicking, Gulf’s Casinos Mobilize and Spin Back to Life
PHOTOGRAPHS BY BRENDAN HOFFMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Workers pushed mud and debris from the garage of the Beau Rivage Resort and Casino on Thursday in Biloxi, Miss.
After the casino’s glass doors were cleaned, three poker players
were waiting when they opened on Thursday evening. Ismail Birben drove in from Gautier, Miss. He had wanted to go
to a movie, he said, but “this was the only place that was open.”
From Page A1
Calling in employees,
firing up the kitchens
and welcoming a
Brink’s truck.
By JACK HEALY
and BRET SCHULTE
ST. LOUIS — As Gulf Coast
residents confronted a water-
logged landscape of flooded
homes and debris-covered
streets on Friday, tatters of what
had been Hurricane Isaac blew
toward the parched Midwest,
dumping more than a foot of rain,
causing isolated flash floods and
leaving thousands of people with-
out power. Heavy rains overwhelmed
drainage systems in parts of Ar-
kansas, flooding roads and
prompting some emergency res-
cues. But after a scorching sum-
mer, dry soil and low-flowing riv-
ers and streams appeared to be
absorbing much of the rain, offi-
cials said. “We’ve been in a pretty bad
drought, and a lot of this rain is
being soaked up,” said Jayson
Gosselin, a meteorologist at the
National Weather Service in Wel-
don Spring, Mo., near St. Louis.
“The ground can take a lot of
rain, that’s for sure.”
As the slow-moving storm
curls its way northeast, emergen-
cy crews in Arkansas, Missouri
and Illinois have been bracing for
a weekend of heavy rains and
lashing winds, sandbagging
homes and businesses, and pre-
paring to close roads. Meanwhile,
officials canceled Labor Day fire-
works shows and shooed other
end-of-summer festivals indoors. It was the messy denouement
of a soaking storm that had
poured as many as two feet of
water across parts of Louisiana
and Mississippi. On Friday, officials in Plaque-
mines Parish, La., announced
they had found the bodies of a
middle-aged man and woman in
the kitchen of their flooded home. As waters receded from some
neighborhoods on the northern
shore of Lake Pontchartrain, offi-
cials were slowly restoring elec-
tricity to the thousands left with-
out power after the storm felled
transmission lines and damaged
power substations. And crews be-
gan punching holes in the par-
ish’s brimming back levees, a
process that could take a week to
complete. In Pine Bluff, Ark., about 45
miles southeast of Little Rock,
overnight rains led to wind-
flooded highways, swamping mo-
torists along U.S. Route 63. The
only reported injury was a motor-
ist whose car was struck by a fall-
ing tree, officials said. Many resi-
dents laid down sandbags, but of-
ficials said about 20 homes were
flooded.
“It was just the flash flooding
from getting so much rain,” said
Karen Quarles, the emergency
management director for Jeffer-
son County, which encompasses
Pine Bluff. “The drains and
creeks and bayous couldn’t han-
dle it. Bayou Bartholomew runs
through the city, and it filled up
pretty quick.”
“We were prepared,” Ms.
Quarles said. “We had been get-
ting our barricades and road-
closed signs and sandbags
ready.” She said the county was
working to close flooded roads,
but “some of the barricades float-
ed away.”
An alarming amount of water
also rose around a minimum- and
medium-security prison about 20
miles north of Pine Bluff. But a
spokeswoman for the Arkansas
Department of Correction said no
prisoners were in danger — nor
were they likely to float their way
to freedom.
“Everybody will be O.K., other
than that the chapel will be a little
soggy,” said Dina Tyler, the pris-
on system’s assistant director of
public services. Farmers and cattle ranchers
across the Midwest watched the
darkening skies with a mix of
hope and anxiety. The storm was
coming too late to revive their
devastated corn crops, but a
good, soaking rain could replen-
ish wells, water their brown pas-
tures and help prime the fields
for winter wheat planting. Too
much rain all at once could flood
them out, however, and heavy
winds had the potential to blow
down their fragile cornstalks. And some said they had been
bypassed altogether, let down
once again by the false promise
of rain. “It sprinkled a little bit this
morning and tried to shower a
bit, but the ground is still dry,”
said Jim Stuever, a farmer who
grows corn, cotton and soybeans
outside Dexter, Mo. The spritz of rain was good
enough to accomplish one thing,
he said: it got his windshield
clean. Last of Storm Attacks Midwest Drought
SEAN GARDNER/REUTERS
Submerged houses in Braithwaite, La., on Friday. Rain also moved into Arkansas and Missouri.
Jack Healy reported from St. Lou-
is,and Bret Schulte from Fayette-
ville, Ark. Campbell Robertson
contributed reporting from Pla-
quemines Parish, La. By FERNANDA SANTOS
PHOENIX — The United
States attorney’s office an-
nounced on Friday that it had
closed an investigation over
abuse-of-power allegations
against Sheriff Joe Arpaio of
Maricopa County,some of his
current and former employees,
and the former Maricopa County
attorney, concluding that none of
them had done anything wrong.
The announcement was made
in a short news release issued at
5 p.m., followed by a letter de-
tailing the reasons the accusa-
tions did not rise to the level of a
crime. The accusations included
claims of misuse of county-issued
credit cards and federal money to
pay for salaries, trips, meals and
other expenses they should not
have covered. Sheriff Arpaio found out about
the news as he got off a plane af-
ter he returned from the Repub-
lican National Convention in
Tampa, Fla. “I’m very happy,”
he said at a news conference in
his office. “I never had any
doubt.”
He added, “I send my appreci-
ation to the federal government
for their hard work in clearing
my office.”
Investigators found “insuffi-
cient evidence of criminal intent”
and “no evidence of false state-
ments” by Sheriff Arpaio and his
former chief deputy, David Hen-
dershott, in explaining the spe-
cific shift of federal money des-
tined to cover the costs of one
specific program in the county’s
jails to another, according to the
letter,by Assistant United States
Attorney Ann Birmingham
Scheel.
Just as serious were allega-
tions against the former Marico-
pa County attorney,Andrew
Thomas,and his assistant, Lisa
Aubuchon, of fabricating facts to
support a criminal complaint
filed against a Superior Court
judge, Gary Donahoe. The case
led to Mr. Thomas’s disbarment
this year.
“We must weigh the evidence
and law under a far heavier bur-
den associated with criminal
prosecution,” Ms. Scheel said in
her letter. “Based on this review,
we have concluded that allega-
tions of criminal misconduct un-
der federal statutes are not pros-
ecutable.” The inquiry is unrelated to the
accusations of civil rights vio-
lations filed by the Justice De-
partment against Sheriff Arpaio
and the Maricopa County Sher-
iff’s Office, a case that remains
open. Sheriff Arpaio faces a similar
civil-rights lawsuit filed by a
group of advocacy organizations
on behalf of Latinos, who say
they are targeted by raids and
other types of enforcement ac-
tions his deputies have carried
out here and in surrounding com-
munities over the past several
years. The case has been tried,
and a ruling is pending.
Inquiry Finds
No Misdeeds By Sheriff
In Arizona
A18
Ø
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
course, on previous tests and in
previous years.
Dr. Platt and his teaching as-
sistants did not respond to mes-
sages requesting comment that
were left on Friday. In response
to calls to Mr. Harris and Michael
D. Smith, the dean and chief aca-
demic officer of the Faculty of
Arts and Sciences, the university
released a statement saying that
the university’s administrative
board still must meet with each
accused student and that it has
not reached any conclusions.
“We expect to learn more
about the way the course was or-
ganized and how work was ap-
proached in class and on the
take-home final,” the statement
said. “That is the type of informa-
tion that the process is designed
to bring forward, and we will re-
view all of the facts as they
arise.”
The class met three times a
week, and each student in the
class was assigned to one of 10
discussion sections, each of
which held weekly sessions with
graduate teaching fellows. The
course grade was based entirely
on four take-home tests, which
students had several days to
complete and which were graded
by the teaching fellows.
Students complained that
teaching fellows varied widely in
how tough they were in grading,
how helpful they were, and which
terms and references to sources
they expected to see in answers.
As a result, they said, students
routinely shared notes from Dr.
Pratt’s lectures, notes from dis-
cussion sessions, and reading
materials, which they believed
was allowed.
“I was just someone who
shared notes, and now I’m impli-
cated in this,” said a senior who
faces a cheating allegation. “Ev-
eryone in this class had shared
notes. You’d expect similar an-
swers.”
Instructions on the final exam
said, “students may not discuss
the exam with others.” Students
said that consulting with the fel-
lows on exams was common-
place, that the fellows generally
did not turn students away, and
that the fellows did not always
understand the questions, either.
One student recalled going to a
teaching fellow while working on
the final exam and finding a
crowd of others there, asking
about a test question that hinged
on an unfamiliar term. The stu-
dent said the fellow defined the
term for them.
An accused sophomore said
that in working on exams, “ev-
erybody went to the T.F.’s and
begged for help. Some of the
T.F.’s really laid it out for you, as
explicit as you need, so of course
the answers were the same.”
He said that he also discussed
test questions with other stu-
dents, which he acknowledged
was prohibited, but he main-
tained that the practice was wide-
spread and accepted.
The exam instructions said it
was “completely open book, open
note, open Internet, etc.” Some
students asked whether there
was a fundamental contradiction
between telling students to use
online resources, but not to dis-
cuss the test with each other.
Harvard Students in Cheating Scandal Say Collaboration Was Accepted ELISE AMENDOLA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A tour group on the Harvard campus this week as allegations of cheating became public.
From Page A16
‘I was just someone
who shared notes, and
now I’m implicated in
this,’ one senior says.
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
The first human death from a
new strain of pig flu was reported
Friday by state health officials in
Ohio.
Federal health officials con-
firmed the death of a 61-year-old
Ohio woman and said 14 other
victims had been hospitalized by
the new strain. Also, in a shift, the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention
conceded that there had been
“limited person-to-person spread
of this virus.” As recently as
three weeks ago, the agency in-
sisted that all known cases had
been caused by contact with pigs.
The Ohio woman had had di-
rect contact with pigs at the Ross
County Fair before falling ill, the
Ohio Department of Health said.
She also had other unspecified
health problems that might have
contributed to her death.
The new strain is known as
H3N2v; the “v” is for “variant.”
Thus far, it has proved no more
deadly than seasonal flu and can
be suppressed by Tamiflu and
Relenza, the most common flu
drugs.
Its origins are complex. It con-
tains external genes (H for hem-
agglutinin and N for neuramini-
dase) that jumped from humans
to pigs in the 1990s and circulated
in them separately from the sea-
sonal human H3N2.But it also
contains one internal gene (the
M for matrix) from the 2009 H1N1
pandemic flu that circled the
globe and was very infectious but
not very lethal.
Previous human “swine flus”
have been H1N1 strains, includ-
ing the 1976 one that spawned a
mass vaccine effort after a very
small outbreak in Fort Dix, N.J.,
and the 2009 pandemic strain. According to the disease agen-
cy, the new H3N2v was first
found in pigs in 2010 and the first
human case was confirmed in
July 2011. More than 90 percent of the 289
confirmed cases have occurred in
families that raise and exhibit
pigs, said Dr. Lynn Finelli, who
leads the surveillance and out-
break response team of the agen-
cy’s flu division.
Most cases have been in Ohio
and Indiana, but single ones have
been confirmed as far away as
Maine and Hawaii.
First Death Is Reported
From New Pig Flu Strain
ROCKIES
Wyoming: Federal Protections End for Gray Wolves
Concluding a long effort to take the gray wolves in the Northern Rock-
ies off the endangered species list, the federal Fish and Wildlife Service
lifted protections for most Wyoming wolves on Friday. The move allows
the increased hunting of wolves in Wyoming, where there are about 270
outside Yellowstone National Park. Protections have already been lifted
in Montana and Idaho. Major environmental groups immediately pro-
tested the move and will most likely sue to block it. They have long
maintained that without the protections, hunters and ranchers in the
area will kill wolves indiscriminately and ruin one of conservation’s big-
gest success stories. Ranchers argue that even if the overall cost of wolf
attacks on cattle may be small, it can mean the difference between prof-
it and loss in marginal operations. FELICITY BARRINGER
Colorado: Hospital Denies Talking to Shooting Suspect
The University of Colorado Hospital said Friday that no one at its
switchboard spoke to the suspect in the Aurora movie theater shooting
in the minutes before the attack, but that a caller did hang up without
saying anything. A lawyer for the suspect, James E. Holmes, said
Thursday at a hearing that Mr. Holmes reached out to a psychiatrist the
night of the shooting by calling the hospital switchboard, which can
reach doctors after business hours. A hospital spokesman said the
switchboard got a call at 12:31 a.m. on July 20 in which the caller said
nothing and hung up after seven seconds. Eight minutes later, 911 dis-
patchers began getting calls about the attack, which killed 12. (AP)
SOUTHWEST
Arizona: Sheriff Will Not Face Criminal Charges
The state attorney general’s office declined on Friday to charge Sheriff
Paul Babeu of Pinal County, a former co-chairman of Mitt Romney’s
presidential campaign in Arizona, over accusations that he misused his
authority to harass and intimidate an ex-boyfriend, whom Sheriff
Babeu later accused of stealing his online identity. The ex-boyfriend,
Jose Orozco, a Mexican immigrant hired by Sheriff Babeu to run the
Twitter account and the Web site for his Congressional campaign, also
will not face charges over accusations that he improperly manipulated
them. Mr. Orozco had accused Sheriff Babeu of threatening to deport
him if he made their relationship public, but the authorities said the al-
legations could not be proved. Mr. Babeu dropped his bid for Congress
and is running for re-election instead. He won the primary on Tuesday. FERNANDA SANTOS
WEST
California: Inquiry Begins on Death After an Arrest
At least five Los Angeles police officers are under investigation after a
woman died during an arrest in which an officer kicked her genitals, po-
lice officials said. “I take all in-custody death investigations very seri-
ously,” Chief Charlie Beck said on Thursday. The woman, Alesia Thom-
as, 35, died on July 22. The confrontation occurred after Ms. Thomas
abandoned her children, ages 3 and 12, at a police station around 2 a.m.
Cmdr. Bob Green said she was giving up the children because she was a
drug addict who could not care for them. Officers tracked her down and
were trying to arrest her on suspicion of child endangerment, the police
said. Commander Green said that during the struggle to get Ms. Thom-
as into a patrol car, a female officer kicked her. (AP)
National Briefing Don’t mistake Mark Edward
for John Ed-
ward. The two
men, who are
not related, are
both profes-
sional medi-
ums, men who
charge money for their supposed
skill at transmitting messages
from the dead. But whereas John
Edward had a nationally syndi-
cated television showand still
plays to large crowds in Las
Vegas and across the country,
Mark Edward’s biggest gigs
were a baby shower at Eddie
Murphy’s house and Buddy
Hackett’s 70th birthday party.
But what Mark Edward Wilson
(he doesn’t use his last name)
lacks in professional success, he
is trying to make up for in intel-
lectual respectability. In his
messy yet fascinating new book,
“Psychic Blues: Confessions of a
Conflicted Medium” (Feral
House), Mr. Edward, 61,comes
clean about the tricks that he has
used to dupe people since he be-
gan working the Los Angeles
magic scene in the 1970s. His
book is a strange mishmash of
self-pity, self-justification and
genuine repentance — and a
compelling look at the disputed
territory where entertainment
meets religion, where some prac-
titioners actually think they can
practice both at the same time.
There are no new secrets re-
vealed in “Psychic Blues.” Mr.
Edward explains techniques to
mimic mind-reading and speak-
ing with the dead that have been
explained many times before. For
example, he describes the old-
fashioned preshow screening:
work the room before the show,
meet a man who says his father’s
name was Louis, and then, dur-
ing the performance, find him in
the audience and say right to
him, “The name that comes to
my mind is Lou. Who is Lou?”
Often as not, the mark will forget
that he had divulged this infor-
mation before the show, and will
play right into the medium’s
hands.
So why write this book? Mr.
Edward is staking his claim to be-
long to a very special subcatego-
ry of magicians and mediums:
those who both perform their
crafts and debunk them. From
Harry Houdini to James (the
Amazing) Randi and the duo of
Penn and Teller, there is a long
tradition of magicians who be-
lieve that it is their duty to incul-
cate skepticism in the audience.
Because they know the tricks of
deception, their thinking goes,
they have a unique ability, and a
special duty, to teach people how
not to get duped.
These ethical magicians are
often atheists, with a philosophi-
cal bent, and they especially en-
joy debunking claims of super-
natural or paranormal powers.
Penn and Teller sometimes con-
clude a magic trick by showing
how it was done. On their Show-
time show, which ran from 2003
to 2010, they attacked such flim-
flammery as communication with
the dead. In 1973, Mr. Randi fa-
mously helped “The Tonight
Show Starring Johnny Carson”
embarrass the “mentalist” Uri
Geller, who when faced with
props that were not his own could
not move them with his mind, as
he said he could.
In an interview this week, Mr.
Edward said that after years of
sympathizing with the skeptics
but making money from people’s
gullibility, he felt he had to choose
sides.
“My conscience — I could no
longer do it,” Mr. Edward said.
“I’d been walking both sides of
the line. My magician friends” —
many of them skeptics —
“thought I was selling out to the
psychics, and the psychics
thought I was selling out to the
skeptics.”
The main technique Mr. Ed-
ward discusses in his book is sim-
ply an ability to speak in vague
generalizations about common
hardships. “I sense that you have
relationship issues,” he told one
caller to a psychic hot line,
“which sometimes leave you
fearful of the outcome.” A good
psychic knows that different
classes have different worries,
and different dreams. Mr. Ed-
ward told one rich man that
“what seems to be missing for
you is a free space where you
won’t be judged by your peers or
have to succeed.”
Mr. Edward is not a natural
writer. (Sample sentence: “She
thanked me with a reverence
usually bestowed on a priest or
on a surgeon who had just com-
pleted a successful Siamese twin
separation.”) But his book offers
a gritty look at the world of strug-
gling magicians, which may as
well be the world of struggling
television evangelists, or strug-
gling motivational speakers: peo-
ple charged with uplifting the au-
dience who need a good dose of
uplift themselves.
It is painful to read about Mr.
Edward’s years of horrible late
nights in the 1990s, when he in-
termittently dozed and slurped
back cold coffee, waiting to an-
swer overnight calls for the Psy-
chic Friends Network — remem-
ber, the one endorsed by Dionne
Warwick? As he gave bogus ad-
vice to desperate people, earning
pennies a call, his lot was not so
much better than theirs. He is the
victimizer, but he is as sad a sack
as his victims. The phone compa-
ny and the corporate overlords
were the only ones getting rich.
And there is something tragic
about his own ambivalence.
From page to page, he cannot de-
cide which side he is on. Some-
times he is crusading against the
mountebanks and charlatans.
Other times he defends his work
as pure entertainment.
And other times he recognizes
the tenuous moral position he is
in, and tries to talk his way out of
it: “I’m willing to absorb only the
smallest portion of blame or re-
sponsibility for the current
scourge of talking-to-the-dead
cons,” Mr. Edward writes. “When
I can, I purposefully inject some
sly humor, or use a metaphor or
other verbal advice to suggest
skepticism.” It’s as if he believes
he can deceive people and en-
lighten them at the same time.
And how are we to absorb the
news that Mr. Edward is still
working his cons? By day, Mr.
Edward, a divorced father of one,
is a “recreation and parks em-
ployee for the City of Los Ange-
les,” he told me. But on his off
time he is “still involved with all
of that” — reading people’s
minds, or their palms, pretending
to talk with the dead, and so
forth.
He has convinced himself that
because he does his work with a
wink and a nod, he is one of the
good guys. “But watch out,” Mr.
Edward cautions, near the end of
his book. “Some of my peers op-
erating in the vast psychic mar-
ketplace may not share my sense
of conscience.”
Pro Medium Repents for Life of Cons
MARK
OPPENHEIMER
BELIEFS
mark.e.oppenheimer
@gmail.com; twitter/markopp1
In a book, talk of
performing in the
world of magic and
debunking its tactics.
MONICA ALMEIDA/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mark Edward, 61, at home in San Pedro, Calif., on Wednesday.Mr. Edward still performs.
A19
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By WENDY RUDERMAN
The young man staggered down a
city street as blood flowed from a
puncture wound. The weapon used in
the steely attack — an ice pick — was
sticking out of his lower back.
The scene was reminiscent of an era
in the 1930s and ’40s when members of
a notorious Brooklyn murder syndi-
cate left a trail of bodies riddled with
ice-pick holes. This attack, however,
was set in modern-day New York City,
specifically, on Aug. 21, at 4:20 p.m. in
the Norwood section of the Bronx.
While guns top the list of weapons
used in violent assaults, every so
often, a crime is committed with a
weapon that is suggestive of a differ-
ent era and seems mystifyingly out of
place in the New York City of today. One such weapon is the ice pick —
often associated with the 1940 murder
of the Russian Marxist revolutionary
Leon Trotsky: He was killed with an
ice pick’s cousin, an ice ax, while he
was in exile in Mexico, by an assassin
who, acting on the orders of Joseph
Stalin, crept up behind Trotsky and
slammed the ice ax into his skull. “There is no prohibition right now
against carrying an ice pick in New
York City,” said City Councilman Peter
F. Vallone Jr., chairman of the Public
Safety Committee, “which is interest-
ing because I don’t know of any legiti-
mate use for an ice pick.” “I think the ice pick went the way of
the milkman,” he added. Not so. Plenty of hardware stores
around the city still sell ice picks.
At NHS Hardware on Bainbridge
Avenue in the Bronx, a worker, Jose
Santana, strode toward the back of the
store and grabbed a $3.89 model,
whose wrapper said that it was of
“professional quality” and “high car-
bon steel,” from a display of ice picks
hanging from a peg. “There are some weird people look-
ing for this,” Mr. Santana said with a
hint of a smile. “It’s weird, no?”
The demand is greater than the
store chooses to meet: because the
store has a policy restricting the sale
of ice picks to anyone under the age of
21, it has sold only two in the past six
months or so.
“Some guy might buy this for tor-
turing people,” another worker, Victor
Reynoso said. “Sometimes they come
to buy, but we don’t sell. If you are go-
ing to buy this, you have to show me
ID.”
There was a time when the ice pick
was an essential household tool. At the
turn of the 20th century, Hudson River
ice-harvesting was a vibrant industry
and scores of icemen sold big blocks of
ice, packed in sawdust and hay, from
horse-drawn wagons.
Back then, ice picks were certainly
used as makeshift weapons too, said
Kathleen Hulser, an adjunct professor
of public history and museum studies
at the Eugene Lang College, New
School.
“The icemen would deliver this
large solid chunk of ice and you’d then
use an ice pick to stab the thing and
get some ice off,” Professor Hulser
said. “So every house had an ice pick,” he
added,“and you know the way it is,
somewhere in the city, tempers fray
and the ice pick is close at hand when
people are losing it.”
In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the
ice-harvesting industry evaporated,
replaced by “a mechanical household
machine,” as the refrigerator was re-
ferred to in a 1927 article in The New
York Times. Just when it seemed the ice pick
served no purpose, a Brooklyn or-
ganized-crime syndicate, known as
Murder Incorporated, found a deliber-
ately sinister use for the otherwise an-
tiquated tool. Historians estimate that
the gangster ring carried out 400 to
1,000 contract killings. In more than a
few cases, the victim met with his ABOVE, CHRISTOPHER GREGORY/THE NEW YORK TIMES; BELOW LEFT, FRED R. CONRAD/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mann Rosa of the Bronx recently showed off the scars from an ice-pick attack two years ago. “The ice pick, from what I know, is the new thing,” he said.
Among the Favorite Weapons
Of Gangsters Decades Ago
A common household tool that doubled as a lethal
weapon for the members of Murder Incorporated
can still be found in stores. It is legal to buy one.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Police officers examining the tool, a mountaineering ice ax, used to assas-
sinate Leon Trotsky, the Russian Marxist, near Mexico City in 1940.
Continued on Page A20
The Ice Pick Seems Antiquated,
But It Still Shows Up Occasionally
On the Police Blotter
This is the story of two modest,
crowded apartments in two buildings in
the Tompkins Houses in Brooklyn: 5C
at 65 Tompkins Avenue;and around the
corner and 10 stories higher, 15G at 919
Myrtle Avenue. The Hartley
family lives in one, the Mann
family in the other. They
share a timeline that spans
30 years.
One end of the timeline
could be marked “birth”;the
other end, “knife” and “killed.” And in
the middle of the timeline, a day some 13
years ago, there is the closest thing so
far to a hint of a first drop of bad blood. First, birth. “We used to play togeth-
er,” said Alvin Mann, 38, one of several
sons and daughters of a printer and a
hairdresser in 15G who visited the sons
and daughters of the Hartley family in
5C. “They’re good people,” said Mr.
Mann, who still lives in 15G. The feeling in 5C is hardly mutual af-
ter what happened on Aug. 18, leaving
one family to arrange a man’s funeral at
the same church where he was married,
and the other family to look up the
schedule at Rikers Island to find out
when an inmate whose last name starts
with M can receive visitors. People in each apartment now cast
wary glances in the direction of the oth-
er. “I don’t want to look over my shoul-
der,” said Mr. Mann, the younger broth-
er of the man locked up at Rikers. “I
don’t want to go to the store to get de-
tergent and get in a fight.” He added, “I’m calling for dialogue.”
If anyone answers, which appears un-
likely, this is what both families would
hear: Michael Tillery, 44, husband to
Dale Hartley, was a father of two teen-
age sons with a steady job as a cook at
Kingsboro Psychiatric Center in Brook-
lyn. They were frequent visitors to
Tompkins. “He was not a person to get into any-
thing,” said a niece, Tonisha Brooks, 31,
the only family member to speak on his
behalf in several calls and visits to the
apartment.“He taught me how to ride a
bike. He was Uncle Mike.”
Mr. Mann, who once worked as a bar-
ber, said he had never met Mr. Tillery,
but thinks he knew him by sight. “He’d
come in and buy movies and get a
shape-up,” he said. “He’s a very big
dude, if this is the same individual.”
Mr.Mann’s older brother, Marvin,
grew up not so much on the streets of
Tompkins as on its fences and railings.
“He was crazy with the flips,” Alvin
Mann said. Marvin Mann, 40, worked at
a truck company,was a D.J. and had a
young son himself. Both Mann brothers had lived in the
apartment for 30 years and had long
ago outgrown the “nonsense” street
crimes that saw them arrested in the
1990s, Alvin said. There are two big days on the block
every year: a party called “Boys in the
Hood” and, soon after, Tompkins Day, a
block party at the project. Alvin Mann
was there for the first this year, greeting
one of the Hartley girls — 48 years old
— with a hug and a “What’s up, sis?” Marvin Mann was there, too — “I had
a ball lastnite,” he wrote on Facebook —
and was looking forward to the second
party, on Aug. 18. Alvin had other plans,
and missed it. His phone rang late that
night; it was another brother, calling
about Marvin: “He’s locked up, and
somebody’s life got taken.” The police said Marvin Mann stabbed
Mr. Tillery in the abdomen about 9:50
p.m. in front of 65 Tompkins. Mr. Mann
was charged with murder. Alvin Mann
said he heard that Mr. Tillery had first
struck his brother with a liquor bottle. After the killing, rumors and half-re-
membered 18th-hand stories of ques-
tionable provenance began to circulate,
along with efforts to answer one ques-
tion: why? “Something that they feuded
over 13 years ago,” Alvin Mann said.
That day, Mr. Tillery — “may he rest in
peace” — was outside 65 Tompkins with
his son, and Marvin Mann was there,
too, with a friend and the friend’s son,
Alvin said. The children were playing, and the
friend’s boy, so this wisp of a tale goes,
swiped a slice of pizza from Mr. Tillery’s
son. Mr. Tillery became angry. “Basically, they’re saying that the fa-
ther was real violent, like, with the kids,
real vocal,” Alvin Mann said — “‘Tell
your father he better come out here and
buy my son a slice of pizza.’”
“I guess my brother and them know
the little boy,” he added. “He’s the son of
their friend.” Marvin Mann, in Alvin’s
telling, spoke up that day: “‘Yo, what
are you doing, dude? That’s a kid. Why
are you talking to a kid like that?’”
Inside a church, there is a eulogy, and
mourners remember a man. Outside, on
the sidewalk, people remember a slice
of pizza. Marvin Mann’s other brother,
Edward, said, “Something stupid like
that.” Families’ Bond
Is Severed
As Blood Spills
MICHAEL
WILSON CRIME
SCENE E-mail: crimescene@nytimes.com
Twitter: @mwilsonnyt A stabbing upends a
neighborly relationship
spanning 30 years. By DANNY HAKIM
ALBANY — The Staten Island dis-
trict attorney, Daniel M. Donovan Jr.,
was named on Friday as a special pros-
ecutor to investigate Assemblyman Vito
J. Lopez of Brooklyn in the wake of a
sexual harassment scandal. The move came after the Brooklyn
district attorney, Charles J. Hynes, re-
quested a special prosecutor to investi-
gate Mr. Lopez, the Brooklyn Demo-
cratic Party leader. Mr. Hynes recused
himself after citing his own political ties
to Mr. Lopez, who has supported his re-
election campaigns. The development deepened the legal
troubles of Mr. Lopez and the State As-
sembly. The state’s Joint Commission
on Public Ethics has already begun its
own preliminary review of the Assem-
bly’s handling of sexual harassment
claims made against Mr. Lopez and has
scheduled a special meeting for Tues-
day. The investigation, Mr. Hynes said,
was precipitated by the Assembly’s cen-
sure of Mr. Lopez, 71, on Aug. 24, after a
bipartisan ethics committee found cred-
ible evidence that Mr. Lopez had
groped, kissed and verbally harassed
two female employees. It did not appear
to be related to an earlier secret settle-
ment of claims brought by two other
women who had worked for Mr. Lopez. In addition to potential violations of
the penal law, Mr. Hynes, in a court peti-
tion, cited potential violations “of the
election law,” raising questions about
the scope of the review. It was not clear
what violations of the state election law
would be scrutinized, but some former
Assembly employees who had worked
for Mr. Lopez and who spoke to The
New York Times and described what
they said was his abusive behavior said
they had been routinely forced to per-
form political work. Mr. Lopez has said he did nothing
wrong; his office did not return calls for
comment. The war of words over the Lopez
scandal, meanwhile, continued. On Friday, Attorney General Eric T.
Schneiderman weighed in personally
for the first time, criticizing the Assem-
bly’s handling of the matter and de-
fending his office’s conduct. The Assem-
bly speaker, Sheldon Silver, a Democrat,
has been criticized for authorizing a se-
cret $135,000 settlement in June with
two women who had made claims
against Mr. Lopez, two months before
the Assembly censured Mr. Lopez for
allegedly harassing two other women. “The decision of the Assembly to
keep secret the provision of and even
the existence of a settlement agreement
was wholly inappropriate and contrary
to the public interest,” Mr. Schneider-
man said. “Our office policy requires
that agreements of this kind do not in-
clude confidentiality provisions.”
But a top Assembly lawyer did con-
sult a number of times with a staff law-
yer in the attorney general’s office
about the settlement agreement as it
was developed, and even provided the
office with a draft agreement that in-
cluded an extensive confidentiality
clause. The attorney general’s office did not
see a final draft, however; in the final
settlement, which was obtained by The
New York Times, there is an added
phrase that says even “the fact of this
agreement” should remain secret, not
just its terms and circumstances.
Gloria Allred, one of the lawyers who
represented the two women in the June
settlement, continued to criticize Mr.
Silver for his handling of the matter. “It is time for Mr. Silver to stop his at-
tempts to deflect responsibility for his
and the Assembly’s own misconduct
and to take a good, hard look in the mir-
ror at the actual events that really oc-
curred,” she said on Friday, expressing
particular frustration about an article in
The New York Post that publicized the
names of the women involved in the set-
tlement. Mr. Silver, for his part, has acknowl-
edged that he had made a mistake in
agreeing to a secret settlement and in
not referring the earlier claims to the
Assembly’s ethics committee. Special Prosecutor to Investigate Lawmaker in Harassment Case
An inquiry of a Brooklyn
assemblyman may
consider election and
penal law violations.
A20
Ø
N
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Aug. 31, 2012
Midday New York Numbers
— 008; Lucky Sum— 8
Midday New York Win 4 —
5342; Lucky Sum— 14 New York Numbers — 061;
Lucky Sum— 7
New York Win 4 —5301;
Lucky Sum — 9
New York Take 5 — 3, 4, 6,
18, 35
New York Pick 10 — 4, 13, 17,
18, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 32, 34, 41,
42, 46, 60, 63, 68, 75, 79, 80 Midday New Jersey Pick 3
— 039
Midday New Jersey Pick 4
— 1893
New Jersey Pick 3 — 080
New Jersey Pick 4 —8868
New Jersey Cash 5 — 2, 6, 8,
9, 33
Mega Millions — 31, 40, 41,
47, 48; mega ball, 45
Connecticut Midday 3 — 506
Connecticut Midday 4 —
4639
Connecticut Daily — 640
Connecticut Play 4 — 7293
Connecticut Cash 5 — 7, 8, 9,
10, 32
Connecticut Classic Lotto —
26, 29, 35, 36, 40, 43
Aug. 30, 2012
New York Take 5 — 17, 19, 23,
25, 32
New York Sweet Million —
8, 10, 17, 35, 38, 40
Connecticut Daily — 257
Connecticut Play 4 — 9850
Connecticut Cash 5 — 9, 14,
26, 33, 34
Lottery Numbers By AL BAKER
A study released on Friday
said that the New York City De-
partment of Education had done
a good job of preparing for signif-
icant special education reforms
that will begin in earnest next
week, but it expressed concerns
about whether schools had
enough money and teachers had
enough training to carry out the
changes.
The reforms are intended to re-
verse a longstanding practice of
segregating special education
students in their own classrooms
and schools. Beginning this year,
all special education students, ex-
cept those with the most severe
needs, may enroll in neighbor-
hood zoned schools. Those
schools are being encouraged to
move more special education stu-
dents into regular classroom set-
tings, a process known as main-
streaming. Though federal legislation re-
quires special education students
to attend schools in their own
neighborhoods when possible, 59
percent of the city’s elementary
and middle-school students did
not do so last year, with many of
them facing long bus trips to and
from school. In 2005, an Educa-
tion Department report docu-
mented “longstanding, signifi-
cant problems,” in the city’s abil-
ity to meet the needs of students
with disabilities under federal
and state law.
One major goal is to increase
the graduation rates of those stu-
dents. The rate reached 31 per-
cent last year, up from 18.3 per-
cent five years ago, but was less
than half the 66 percent rate for
all students last year. In all,
160,000 of the city’s 1.1 million stu-
dents receive some kind of spe-
cial education services. They in-
clude not only students who are
in dedicated classrooms or
schools, but also those in regular
classrooms who receive occa-
sional services, like speech ther-
apy, once a week or more.
The report, prepared by the
Fund for Public Advocacy,a non-
profit group affiliated with the
public advocate’s office, found
that the Education Department
did well in preparing for the
changes, including expanding its
training for school personnel, de-
veloping a phone hot line for par-
ents to call and setting up nine of-
fices across the city devoted to
providing information on special
education.
But it questioned alterations in
the way the department provided
funds for special education, in
particular its decision, in recent
years, to compensate schools
based on the number of special
education students they had,
rather than on the number of
classes. Since some schools have
special education classrooms
with very few students, that
could lead to financial shortages,
because those schools would still
have to hire the same number of
special education teachers and
aides as if they had fuller class-
rooms.
Citing a school official’s view of
the costs associated with the
changes, the report said that,
“without increased funding it is
difficult to debunk the myth that
special education reform is ‘real-
ly all about saving money.’”
The study examined the first
year of a two-year trial program,
which began in 2010, in which 260
of the city’s 1,700 schools began
making the changes. Education
Department officials said on Fri-
day that in the first year, those
schools had an 11.3 percent in-
crease in the number of special
education students who were
moved to less-restrictive class
settings.
The officials said they were
still analyzing data from the trial
program’s second year, but ac-
knowledged that change would
take time.
“The overall picture is there
have been very small shifts,” said
Shael Polakow-Suransky, the
Education Department’s chief ac-
ademic officer. He said the de-
partment was moving slowly and
carefully, examining each child’s
needs individually. “This is not
meant to be a very fast shift.”
The reforms were supposed to
be adopted citywide last year, but
in January 2011, Cathleen P.
Black, then the schools chancel-
lor, delayed its beginning to give
schools more time to prepare.
Joseph J. Nobile, the principal
at Public School 304 in the Bronx,
one of the trial schools, said that
a quarter of all special education
students in his school had been
moved into less restrictive set-
tings over the last two years. He
said they had achieved academic
gains.
The changes are needed to
help special education students
reach their potential, he said. But
many staff members came away
feeling discouraged because,
while more was being asked of
them, they received no more time
or money to accomplish their
goals, he said.
“The philosophy was there, but
the funding was not,” Mr. Nobile
said. Steven Banks, the chief lawyer
for the Legal Aid Society, said his
organization has been receiving
“significant numbers of calls
from very concerned parents
who are just now learning about
their children’s placements and
have valid concerns that there
are not sufficient supports in
their locally zoned schools.”
“Mainstreaming is important,
but without proper planning,
very vulnerable children can be
set up to fail,” Mr. Banks said.
“And that is in nobody’s interest.”
Officials in the Education De-
partment pointed out that the re-
port did not analyze the trial pro-
gram’s second year and did not
reflect all the measures taken in
the last year to support teachers,
principals and others. In a letter
accompanying the report, the
schools chancellor,Dennis M.
Walcott,cited increases in profes-
sional development, and money
to achieve them.
As for money, Mr. Polakow-
Suransky said,the report did not
reflect how financial formulas
were adjusted last year to funnel
more resources into the kinds of
programs that the special educa-
tion effort demands.
“There were people that said
they were worried there was a
need for additional funding at a
time of budget cuts,” said Mr.
Polakow-Suransky. “The concern
they raised, we heard it too, and
we fixed it.”
Mainstreaming Efforts
Praised in Schools Study
By CHRISTOPHER MAAG
The morning after his mother
was killed in Brooklyn, Chinnarie
Gordon, 5, took his grandmoth-
er’s hand and walked to Parkside
Playground. As his cousins
played in the fountains, Chinna-
rie climbed up to a checkers table
and began drawing a picture of
his mother in blue chalk, giving
her long blue hair and a mer-
maid’s tail.
“Your moth-
er loves the wa-
ter, doesn’t
she?” Chinnar-
ie’s grand-
mother, Cyn-
thia Thomas,
49, asked him
on Friday. The
boy looked up
and smiled. His mother,
Fatima Gor-
don, 28, was
killed in a shooting on Clarkson
Avenue in Prospect-Lefferts Gar-
dens on Thursday night. The po-
lice said three others, including a
13-year-old boy, were injured. At
the time of the shooting, just after
9 p.m., the block was filled with
stopped traffic, the sidewalks
were packed with pedestrians,
and dozens of residents sat and
chatted on porches and stoops,
enjoying the warm evening,
neighbors said.
The police said a man rode
through the crowd on a bicycle
and opened fire, striking and kill-
ing Ms. Gordon.
“There were so many cars in
the street, nobody could move,”
said Nogga Schwartz, 27, who
was on the sidewalk moments be-
fore the shots were fired. The Police Department, which
at first said Ms. Gordon, whose
birthday would have been Sept. 4,
was 29, has not said whether it
has any suspects in the case.
In the midst of this busy neigh-
borhood, violence has been ramp-
ant all summer, residents said.
“There’s been a shooting or a
stabbing on this block every oth-
er night for the last two weeks,”
said Richard Nettles, 54, who has
lived on the block since 1972.
“I’ve stopped going outside at
night. If I need something from
the store, I just wait until the
morning.”
On Thursday night, Ms. Thom-
as needed groceries, but because
of the recent violence, she en-
couraged her oldest daughter,
Ms. Gordon, to stay home. But
Ms. Gordon, after watching her
son and a brood of her younger
half-brothers, half-sisters and
cousins in the apartment all day,
was eager to go out.
She was walking behind her
son, her mother and four other
children in the family, pushing a
shopping cart, when the shots
were fired, Ms. Thomas said. Ms.
Thomas dived. Looking behind
her, she saw blood and knew that
Ms. Gordon had been hit. She told
Chinnarie to crawl toward her
and not look back. “Keep looking at grandma,”
Ms. Thomas said she told the boy.
Once the children were out of
the way, Ms. Thomas crawled
back to Ms. Gordon, who was ly-
ing on her side in a growing pool
of blood. Ms. Thomas held her
daughter’s head in her arms.
When Mr. Schwartz, a neigh-
bor, arrived moments later, he
touched Ms. Gordon’s neck and
felt a weak pulse. He asked her to
blink if she could hear him. She
blinked. Then she was gone, he
said.
“It all happened so fast,” Mr.
Schwartz said. “I just kept won-
dering where the ambulance
was.”
Another victim, Aaron Munoz,
13, said he was riding his skate-
board on the sidewalk ahead of
Ms. Gordon and her family. When
the shots were fired, he said, he
ducked, ran into the lobby of a
building, felt moisture on his
back and realized he’d been
grazed by a bullet. He realized, “I think I got
shot,” he recalled. A relative of his, Aliysa Ram,
23, was trading jokes with Ms.
Gordon when the shooting start-
ed. She also took cover in a lobby
and looked outside to see Ms.
Gordon wounded on the street.
Violence in the neighborhood
escalates toward the end of the
summer, said Ms. Ram. “People
get noisy and rowdy,” she said.
Ms. Gordon and her mother
had lived on this block of Clark-
son Avenue, between Flatbush
and Bedford Avenues, since 1990.
Ms. Thomas said her daughter
was well-known to longtime resi-
dents: her nickname was Chin,
because her father was Chinese;
she liked to dye her long hair dif-
ferent colors. For most of the
summer, it had been bright
green, said Stephanie Chanlatti,
29, Ms. Gordon’s friend and
neighbor, but about two weeks
ago, she made it blond.
“She was quiet. She just liked
to take the kids to Prospect Park
and play,” Ms. Chanlatti said. She loved to swim, Ms. Thomas
said, and hoped to take her family
on a Disney cruise and eventu-
ally buy a house with a pool,
someplace far from her danger-
ous block.
“She just wanted our family to
be safe,” she said, adding that her
daughter had recently applied to
several nursing schools.
Alex Vadukul contributed report-
ing. A Killing on a Brooklyn Block Known for Its Violence
ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ms. Gordon’s mother, above,
and her 5-year-old son, Chin-
narie, far left, at Parkside
Playground. Right, a memori-
al outside her Brooklyn home.
Fatima Gordon
ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
death at the end of an ice pick.
According to newspaper ac-
counts, two young Brooklyn “un-
derworld characters” were found
dead in a vacant lot in New Jer-
sey in 1932. Their bodies, each
stabbed at least 20 times with an
ice pick, were stuffed into sewn
sacks. One victim had only one
cent in his pocket.
In 1944, a jury found Jacob
Drucker guilty of the murder of
Walter Sage, a Brooklyn money-
lender whose body was found
“riddled with ice-pick holes” and
strapped to a slot machine frame.
“Let me put it to you this way,”
said a former New York City po-
lice detective. “An ice pick
stabbed through the temple and
through the brains was not un-
common in homicides.”
Back then, mobsters used ice
picks not only because the tool
was easy to get and did the job,
with a needlelike shaft that, un-
like a knife, could glide around
bones and puncture organs, but
also because an ice pick instilled
fear. It was employed to send a
message, said the detective,
Thomas D. Nerney, 72, who
joined the New York Police De-
partment in 1966 and worked in
virtually every homicide squad in
the city before retiring in 2002.
“Murder is not only to take
somebody’s life away, but to ter-
rorize,” Mr. Nerney said. “The
word goes out: ‘Hey, do you want
to wind up in the Hudson River
wearing a concrete overcoat? Do
you want to wind up in a landfill
somewhere, stabbed with an ice
pick?’ That was the message that
went out to the people who didn’t
comply with the rules of the Ma-
fia.”
In the decades after Murder
Incorporated, the city’s Sicilian
crime families, like the Lucheses
and Gambinos, took hold, gaining
power and notoriety from the
1950s through the ’80s. Richard Kuklinski — known as
the “Iceman” because he froze
his victims’ bodies to hamper the
determination of the time of
death — claimed he had killed
more than 200 people as a hit
man for Newark’s DeCavalcante
crime family and New York City’s
mob families.
He bragged about killing peo-
ple with ice picks and chain saws,
among other devices. The ice pick never completely
disappeared as an implement of
crime, but it seems to have re-
bounded as one recently. Late last year, a Bronx man,
John Martinez, was dubbed the
Ice-Pick Bandit by prosecutors
and the news media after being
caught and convicted of a series
of robberies and burglaries. On
separate occasions, Mr. Martinez
brandished an ice pick and ter-
rorized six women, stealing cash,
jewelry and cellphones. In one
case, Mr. Martinez threatened to
stab a woman’s child if she did
not hand over more cash.
The recent attack in the Bronx
unfolded when an unidentified
man, apparently lying in wait in-
side a parked car, ambushed two
young men, ages 19 and 20, on the
corner of East 208th Street and
Perry Avenue. A witness de-
scribed seeing one victim with
the ice pick jutting out of his
back.
The attacks were not fatal,
though one victim was seriously
injured. A police spokesman said
the motive remained unknown
and no arrests had been made.
Under the city’s consumer-pro-
tection and public-safety laws, it
is illegal to sell a box cutter to
anyone under 21. Retailers who
break the law face a maximum
$500 fine for each violation. When asked whether the law
also applied to ice picks, Mr. Val-
lone said it did not — and then
got to thinking: Why not? The
question prompted him to draw
up a bill that would amend the
law to include a ban on the sale of
ice picks to anyone under 21. He
said his committee would prob-
ably hold a public hearing on the
proposal in the next several
months.
“I would entertain expanding it
further, banning all public pos-
session, once we learn, during
the hearing process, whether
there are any legitimate uses in
this day and age for an ice pick,”
he said in a phone interview on
Wednesday.
Mann Rosa, 32, who lives on
Perry Avenue about a block from
the scene of the recent attack,
said ice picks were back in vogue
among street gangs all across the
city.
“The ice pick, from what I
know, is the new thing,” Mr. Rosa
said, noting how easy it was to
buy and conceal. “It’s definitely
the new wave.”
Toward the end of the con-
versation, almost as if he had an
afterthought, Mr. Rosa said he
had been stabbed repeatedly
with an ice pick about two years
ago during a street fight. He
rolled up the sleeve of his T-shirt
to reveal two dime-size wounds,
not unlike scars from a smallpox
vaccination, on his shoulder and
upper arm. “I was stabbed once in the
chest, once in the back and twice
in the arm,” Mr. Rosa said;it took
12 stitches to close the wounds.
Asked if the police ever caught
the perpetrator, Mr. Rosa
laughed and shook his head. “We
got this thing called street justice.
We don’t go to the cops over
something like that.”
Lowly Ice Pick Still Shows Up on the Police Blotter
From Page A19
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Richard Kuklinski, a convicted killer and self-described hit
man, said he had used ice picks and chain saws as weapons.
Ø
N
A21
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By BENJAMIN WEISER
New York City will pay
$850,000 to settle a lawsuit stem-
ming from the beating of an in-
mate at Rikers Island that fit a
rogue disciplinary pattern cited
by law enforcement officials in
which favored prisoners, in a sys-
tem known as the Program, re-
ceived tacit approval to keep or-
der by assaulting and threaten-
ing other prisoners. The resolution of the case
comes after the city agreed in
July to pay $1.5 million to settle a
suit stemming from the death of
an inmate under different cir-
cumstances — after a struggle
with correction officers in the
prison ward at Bellevue Hospital
Center; and in June, a $2 million
settlement of another Program
lawsuit that involved a fatal beat-
ing.
In settling the matters, the city
admitted no wrongdoing. But the
cases point to what lawyers and
other advocates for prisoners say
is a wider and disturbing prob-
lem of unjustifiably harsh treat-
ment of prisoners in city jails. In May, the Legal Aid Society,
and two law firms, Emery Celli
Brinckerhoff & Abady and Ropes
& Gray, filed a separate lawsuit
seeking class-action status and
citing a “deeply entrenched” pat-
tern of brutality in the jails. The suit says correction offi-
cials have tolerated and even
condoned inmate beatings by
guards, an assertion the city
strongly denies. That suit is still
pending.
In the Rikers case, Kadeem
John, then 18, said that in 2010 he
had been beaten in a unit for
teenagers at the Robert N. Davo-
ren Center after he refused an or-
der by another prisoner who was
described as an inmate enforcer.
That enforcer led a team of
prisoners who controlled access
to phones, the seating arrange-
ments in a day room and the dis-
tribution of cigarettes, the law-
suit said. Correction officers
failed to intervene or adequately
protect Mr. John, the suit
charged, and he suffered a lacer-
ated kidney and a brain injury as
a result of the attack. “We wish that this was an
anomaly, but apparently it isn’t,”
said Jonathan S. Abady, a lawyer
with the Emery firm, which rep-
resented Mr. John along with the
Legal Aid Society.
“Program violence has been
and continues to be a persistent
and intractable issue at the city
jail,” Mr. Abady said.
He added that Mr. John was
“still recovering, both emotional-
ly and physically, and the long-
term consequences of his injuries
are uncertain.”
Muriel Goode-Trufant, a senior
lawyer with the city’s Law De-
partment, said, “The nature of
Mr. John’s injuries was serious,
and the settlement resolves this
litigation.
“There is no evidence of D.O.C.
staff complicity in this situation,”
she added, referring to the De-
partment of Correction.
The settlement was approved
on Friday by Judge Robert P. Pat-
terson Jr. of Federal District
Court in Manhattan. The case
took an unusual twist this year
when Judge Patterson repri-
manded and sanctioned the city
for various actions.
In one instance, the city ac-
knowledged that it had destroyed
a recording on which Mr. John’s
beating had been captured by a
surveillance camera. The city claimed it had not ex-
pected litigation in the matter,
and had destroyed the recording
as part of a record-retention
schedule. “Unfortunately, the or-
der to preserve the tape did not
trickle down,” a city lawyer told
the judge in March.
The city said that a supervisor
who had seen the video could tes-
tify about what it showed. But an-
other of Mr. John’s lawyers,
Adam R. Pulver, argued that a
videotape was unique, irreplace-
able and neutral, and that the
jury should be entitled to see it.
The judge said he would bar the
city from offering testimony
about what the video showed.
Then, in early July, Judge Pat-
terson found that the city had
“repeatedly failed to adhere” to
court orders pertaining to the
provision of evidence in the dis-
covery process. The judge again
imposed sanctions and ordered
the Law Department to pay
$10,000 and two of its lawyers
$300 each.
“The time has long passed for
defendants to be conducting
searches for relevant documents
which should have been turned
over to plaintiff months ago,”
Judge Patterson wrote.
On July 19, Ms. Goode-Trufant
of the Law Department wrote to
the judge that the parties had
reached an agreement in princi-
ple to settle the case, and asked
that the financial sanctions be va-
cated, which Mr. John’s lawyers
did not oppose. The judge agreed
that the sanctions would not be
enforced.
Ms. Goode-Trufant said Fri-
day: “We are gratified the court
lifted the sanctions. We take our
discovery obligations very seri-
ously and fulfilled them to the
best of our ability in this case.”
New York City to Pay
In Another Prisoner Suit
did not believe that the shooter
had specifically targeted the two
victims, but that he had intended
to inflict harm on his co-workers
or his employer. A woman who identified her-
self as an aunt of Ms. LoBrutto’s
said, “She was my niece; she was
beautiful and I love her, and I’m
going to miss her so much.”
As she broke into tears, the
woman added: “I’m not going to
say anything else. I’m on my way
out the door. I’ve got to get to
New Jersey.”
Maritza Hernandez, whose
daughter Miranda used to work
By PATRICK McGEEHAN
OLD BRIDGE, N.J. — A su-
permarket worker left his over-
night shift here then returned
with an AK-47 assault rifle and
killed two co-workers before fa-
tally shooting himself on Friday,
officials said.
The gunman re-entered the
Pathmark Super Center on Route
9 about 4 a.m., firing the rifle
wildly and shattering the store’s
windows, the authorities said.
The co-workers he killed ap-
peared to be random victims,
said Bruce Kaplan, the Middle-
sex County prosecutor. One was
an 18-year-old woman, and the
other was a 24-year-old man, offi-
cials said.
The gunfire interrupted the
weekly Friday morning routine of
changing
prices and
stocking
shelves before
the weekend
shopping rush.
On Friday
morning, the
police had cor-
doned off the
entire shop-
ping center, a
typical slice of
suburban
America that contains a Kohl’s
department store, a Staples of-
fice-supply store, a nail salon, a
liquor store and a pizza parlor.
The shopping center remained
closed Friday evening.
“It’s a complete mess,” a local
law enforcement official said, de-
scribing the scene.
Local authorities identified the
gunman as Terence Tyler, 23, a
former Marine.He was dis-
charged in 2010. The victims were
identified as Christina LoBrutto,
18, and Bryan Breen, 24.
Mr. Kaplan said the police did
not know what precipitated the
shooting in this community about
30 miles south of Manhattan. He
said the gunman, who lived in an
apartment building just behind
the Pathmark, had been working
the overnight shift with more
than a dozen other employees be-
fore he left and returned with the
rifle and a handgun.
Mr. Tyler fired at least 16 shots
from the AK-47, Mr. Kaplan said.
He did not say which gun he had
used to kill himself.
Mr. Kaplan said investigators
the Thursday overnight shift,
said she received a frantic call
about 4:30 a.m. from her sister,
who had heard about the shoot-
ing from a police officer.
“Thank God she wasn’t work-
ing there last night,” Ms. Hernan-
dez said.
Her daughter is a cashier in the
Pathmark but had stopped work-
ing the late Thursday shift a few
weeks ago, when she got a sec-
ond job at a car dealership, Ms.
Hernandez said.
Ms. Hernadez lives in a sprawl-
ing apartment complex that bor-
ders the shopping complex, and
she and others there said that Mr.
Tyler was a resident. A police of-
ficer was seen standing guard
outside an apartment in the com-
plex where Mr. Tyler had lived.
Ms. Hernandez said she had
seen Mr. Tyler around the low-
slung warren of tan-brick apart-
ments. She described him as a
“quiet kid” and “skinny.”
She said her daughter was hys-
terical about the killing of her co-
workers and had known both vic-
tims. She said Ms. LoBrutto had
been a “really lovely” young
woman who “always had a smile
on her face.”
Man Kills 2 Co-Workers and Himself in New Jersey
RICH SCHULTZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The gunfire in a Pathmark store in Old Bridge, N.J.,early on Friday also shattered windows.
Terence Tyler
Opening Fire
In a Pathmark Store With an AK-47 Marc Santora and Vivian Yee con-
tributed reporting from New
York. By ANNE BARNARD
Pacing on the High Line one
recent afternoon, Kevin Boyle
and Rick Horan brandished signs
that read, in bold block letters,
“Ideas Wanted.”
“Any ideas to share?” Mr.
Boyle asked a woman with a nose
ring and a silver ponytail.
“No,” she replied.
“What do you do with them?”
the next passer-by asked.
“We just give them back out,”
Mr. Boyle said as Mr. Horan trot-
ted after a gaggle of fleeing tour-
ists.
“You can’t leave without giving
us an idea,” he shouted. “It’s an
American custom!”
The two men solicit ideas
across New York City, from Rock-
away Beach in Queens, where
they live, to Wall Street. They get
the usual spectrum of New York
reactions: suspicion, skepticism,
total lack of interest. But, inevita-
bly, in a city that prides itself on
intellectual and entrepreneurial
ferment, they also get a lot of
ideas.
They have gathered ideas for
reflective nail polish, trumpet-
shape baby bottles and levers to
lift public toilet seats with the
touch of a foot.
They have compiled sugges-
tions for achieving world peace
through soccer, repairing the
educational system and even fix-
ing all of New York’s streets in a
single day.
Their project is part documen-
tary, part experiment, part per-
formance art and part public
service. They capture the pitches
on video and post them on a You-
Tube channel called Ideas
Improv, a kind of low-production-
value cousin of the TED confer-
ence Web site that scatters the
ideas to the wind.
Why? “Because,” they like to
say, “we don’t golf.”
If pressed, though, they ex-
plain that they have an idea
about ideas. They are playing
with two contradictory notions.
One is that ideas have value
whether they are executed or
not. The other is that many peo-
ple hoard ideas they will never
act on, but if they share them,
maybe someone else will pursue
them.
“The idea will be executed, but
the person who first thought
about it will never know,” Mr.
Boyle said.
That, of course, presents the
biggest hurdle: convincing peo-
ple that their intention is to
spread ideas, not to steal them.
“We’re not going to run home
and work on their idea in our ga-
rage,” Mr. Horan, 58, said.
The “Ideas” idea started with
failed ideas. Mr. Boyle, 53, had a
lot of them.
A self-described dilettante, he
says he is supported by “a loving
wife” and some lucky real estate
deals. He has carried a number of
ideas to fruition: writing a book
about Rockaway’s heavy losses
on Sept. 11, 2001, starting a char-
ity called Graybeards and, for a
time, editing one of the city’s old-
est newspapers, the Rockaway
Wave.
But just as often, Mr. Boyle has
been shot down. In the 1980s, he
wrote a thriller set in a future
New York with a far lower crime
rate. Too unrealistic, publishers
said. Later, he opened a bar, but
found he was “better at being a
customer.” And last year, he
thought he was well on the way to
shooting a documentary on Rep-
resentative Anthony D. Weiner’s
mayoral bid — Mr. Weiner
seemed interested when Mr.
Boyle buttonholed him on the
Rockaway Boardwalk. But the
very next day, the politician’s err-
ant Twitter messages sank his
campaign.
“That idea went down the toilet
faster than any idea I’ve ever
had,” Mr. Boyle said. “That got
me thinking about ideas.”
He found himself in an intense
philosophical debate with his
brother, an artist, who argued
that an idea’s value is “all in the
execution.” Mr. Boyle retorted,
“Why can’t it be just as valuable
in my head?”
At the time, he was between
hobbies, apart from his weekly
motorcycle rides with Mr. Horan.
So he decided to collect ideas for
ideas’ sake.
In that spirit, on the High Line,
Mr. Horan told a reluctant pedes-
trian: “It doesn’t have to be use-
ful. It could be whimsical.”
“But that wouldn’t benefit any-
body but me,” the man said.
“Ah, but is that true?” Mr.
Horan intoned.
After some badgering, the man
coughed up an idea that was not
exactly original: “Solar energy.
Get rid of the oil companies.”
The next passer-by, an Austral-
ian named Colin Duncan, had a
more unusual idea. New York
should become a “ghost town for
a day,” with all traffic banned ex-
cept for road engineers from far
and wide. Then every pothole in
the city could be fixed at once.
Watched one after another, the
video clips illuminate an un-
tapped corner of the city’s hive
mind, a brainstorming session
whose mood ranges from light-
hearted to grave. In the New
York collectively envisioned by
the contributors, there would be
more arts programs in schools,
better waterfront access, cultur-
ally accepted afternoon siestas
and special trash cans to collect
dog feces for composting.
“It’s a huge resource,” a com-
posting enthusiast told Mr. Boyle.
One man wanted to design an
app to enable smartphones to
monitor joggers’ heart rhythms.
Another person suggested papa-
razzi on demand — a rent-a-
crowd service for people who
want to pretend to be famous. Ed
Shevlin, who was interviewed in
celebratory St. Patrick’s Day
garb, wanted to star in a televi-
sion show called “The Biker
Bucket List.” “I’ll take you all over the world
on the best roads out there,” he
said, listing his favorites. “You
never have to leave the couch —
I’ll do all the riding for you.”
Another man’s offering: “Fake
solar panels that you roll out on
your roof. So you get the sort of
social capital of having solar pan-
els and being green but it doesn’t
cost as much.”
Dan Finger, a patron at the
Half King pub in Chelsea, ex-
pounded on his own notion for
several deadpan minutes.
“My idea,” he said, “is to pave
South America and make it into
the largest in-line Rollerblading
rink in the world.”
Where it’s all going, Mr. Boyle
isn’t sure. “We are executing our
idea even though we don’t know
what it is,” he said.
Mr. Horan added, “This is the
best idea we’ve ever had.”
News and
conversa-
tion from the
five boroughs:
nytimes.com/cityroom
City Room
On New York’s Walkways, a Mission to Set Unused Ideas Free
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Rick Horan, left, and Kevin Boyle interviewing Phillip and Johneen Hayes of Sydney, Australia,
along the High Line in May. The couple’s idea was to establish a similar park back home.
A project capturing
brainstorms and
musings, to be
pursued, or not. NEW YORK
GOVERNMENT OFFICES Closed.
POST OFFICES
Express Mail
only; self-service kiosks are
available at the main post of-
fice, on Eighth Avenue at 32nd
Street, but there is no regular
postal service.
BANKS
Option to close. PARKING Sunday rules in ef-
fect.
SANITATION No pickups,
street cleaning or recycling. SCHOOLS
Closed. FINANCIAL MARKETS
Stock
and bond markets closed. TRANSPORTATION
New York
City subways and buses and
the Staten Island Railway will
operate on a Sunday schedule.
Metro-North will operate on a
Sunday schedule. Long Island
Rail Road trains will operate
on a Sunday/holiday sched-
ule. NEW JERSEY
GOVERNMENT OFFICES Closed. POST OFFICES There is no reg-
ular postal service.
BANKS Option to close. SCHOOLS Option to close. TRANSPORTATION
New Jersey
Transit trains will operate on
a weekend/major holiday
schedule on all lines. Bus
schedules vary by route; rid-
ers should check schedules at
njtransit.com. PATH trains
will operate on a Saturday
schedule. CONNECTICUT
GOVERNMENT OFFICES
Closed. POST OFFICES
Closed. BANKS Option to close. SCHOOLS Closed. TRANSPORTATION
Metro-
North will operate on a Sun-
day schedule. Holiday on Monday
Labor Day A22
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EDITORIALS/LETTERS
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
The link between the Syria crisis and
the need for more food aid.
nytimes.com/opinion
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS Just what grandpa needed. Soon retirees and other
investors will be barraged with advertisements for pri-
vate stock offerings — via mail, cold calling, television, ra-
dio, billboards, the Internet and so on.
Such advertising, which used to be banned under fed-
eral securities law, will make it easier for hedge funds,
venture capitalists, start-ups and other nonpublic compa-
nies to find investors. It will also make it easier for huck-
sters and rip-off artists to lure people into unsuitable in-
vestments and outright frauds because private offerings
are not subject to disclosure requirements and other in-
vestor protections that apply to publicly held companies. Bipartisan majorities in Congress and President Oba-
ma are to thank for this development. Bowing to the finan-
cial industry, they joined forces last April to pass a law
that requires the Securities and Exchange Commission to
lift the ban on mass advertising of private offerings. The S.E.C., for its part, made matters worse this week
when it proposed a rule to implement the law that utterly
fails to address the fact that ending the ban will make ev-
eryday investors more vulnerable to fraud. While the com-
mission has no choice but to lift the ban, it does have lee-
way to write the rules to decrease the threat to investors.
It has not used that flexibility. For instance, while the new law allows for mass ad-
vertising of private offerings, it also says the buyers of
such securities must be “accredited investors,” generally
defined as those with at least $1 million in net worth (not
counting a home) or at least $200,000 of yearly income.
The law also says that private stock issuers must take
“reasonable steps” to verify that investors qualify as “ac-
credited.” But the S.E.C. did not impose or even suggest
verification procedures to ensure that investors meet the
criteria. Even with proper verification, the proposed rule
would still fail to protect many investors. That’s because
wealth and earnings are often no indicator of investing ex-
perience. Indeed, many people who qualify as “accredit-
ed” are retirees and professionals whose finances grow
out of work and saving, not investing expertise. The S.E.C.
should have amended the definition of accredited investor
to include other evidence of financial sophistication. The failure to shield investors from mass advertising
is all the more disturbing because it comes on the heels of
other regulatory failures, including most recently, the
S.E.C.’s inability to reach a compromise on reforms to
money market mutual funds.
The rule to lift the advertising ban is still subject to
public comment and amendment before it is made final.
But it is hard to be optimistic. The agency’s Republican
commissioners have argued that the proposal should go
into effect immediately and are angry about any delay.
That is hypocrisy. Dozens of rules to implement investor
protections and other reforms in the Dodd-Frank law have
been delayed for more than a year, as those same Republi-
can commissioners have supported endless study and le-
gal challenges. But when it comes to reducing investor
protections, they can’t move fast enough. Risky and Getting Riskier A new federal proposal would make stock investing even more dangerous The federal automobile efficiency standards an-
nounced this week are an important step on America’s
path to a lower-carbon and more-secure energy future.
They are expected to yield multiple benefits: reduced de-
pendence on foreign oil, fewer greenhouse gas emissions,
consumer savings at the pump and a more competitive
auto industry. They may also serve as proof that well-tai-
lored government regulation can achieve positive results
and that consensus among old enemies — in this case en-
vironmentalists and the car companies — is possible even
at a time of partisan discord.
The standards build on a 2009 agreement that estab-
lished a unified set of rules governing fuel economy and
carbon dioxide pollution from automobiles and light
trucks. Those rules covered model years 2012-16; the new
rules cover 2017 to 2025.Taken together, the two sets of
rules would increase fuel efficiency from today’s average
of about 29 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon when
they are fully effective in 2025. This is expected to result in
a cut of 40 percent to 50 percent in fuel consumption and
roughly equivalent cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. The White House says the rules would reduce oil con-
sumption by two million barrels a day by 2025;the nation
now consumes 19 million barrels a day and imports just
less than half that amount. And while fuel-efficient cars
will cost more initially, lower fuel use is expected to save
consumers up to $8,000 over the life of their vehicles. The battle for greater fuel economy goes back years
and involved many players: California, which in 2002
passed its own law regulating greenhouse gas emissions
from vehicles sold there; environmentalists, who pres-
sured the Environmental Protection Agency to impose
similar rules nationwide; the Supreme Court, which in
2007 authorized the agency to move forward; and Con-
gress, which ordered the Department of Transportation to
update fuel economy standards that had been largely un-
touched since 1975.President Obama’s contribution was to
bring about a consensus among the agencies, the states,
the automakers and the interest groups on federal and
state standards that reduced fuel use and gave industry
the regulatory certainty it needed to move forward. It is a model of public-private cooperation. Even so,
the Romney campaign has called the rules “extreme” and
House Republicans have threatened to roll them back.
That would be a grave disservice to consumers, the auto
companies, the economy and the planet. Cleaner Cars, a Safer Planet Higher fuel efficiency will cut oil use and greenhouse gas emissions
Twice in August,judges declared unconstitutional or
otherwise rejected state laws because, they said, the laws
ran afoul of a provision in the New York State Constitution
known as home rule. Both decisions involved transporta-
tion, and both could cost the public a lot of money:New
York City in one case; the Metropolitan Transportation
Authority in the other.
In simplest terms, the home-rule provision sets cer-
tain limits on state interference in local affairs. Last week,
a State Supreme Court justice in Nassau County, R. Bruce
Cozzens Jr., said the state had violated the home-rule pro-
vision by imposing a payroll tax on city and suburban res-
idents to help finance the transportation authority without
first getting approval from county governments. On Aug.17, Justice Arthur Engoron,of the State Su-
preme Court in Manhattan,ruled that the state had violat-
ed the provision by giving Mayor Michael Bloomberg the
power to issue thousands of new taxi licenses and medal-
lions, including many for vehicles that would have served
the disabled. The judge said the state should have first re-
ceived approval from the City Council. The city and the transportation authority are plan-
ning appeals.Their main argument is that the require-
ments of the home-rule provision do not apply when the
laws in question serve a “substantial state concern.”
Which they do, in both cases: the transportation authority
and an adequate taxi supply are important to the city’s
economy, and,therefore,the state’s. If these two rulings stand, they will cost the city $1.5
billion over the next few years and decimate the transpor-
tation authority by cutting more than $1.8 billion from the
authority’s $13 billion annual budget. This would be bad
for the city, the region and the state. A Fight Over Spending in New York State
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “A Suitor Makes the Case for Di-
vorce” (news analysis, front page, Aug.
31):
I am a member of President Obama’s
base of supporters. I am disappointed in
him because of his failure to sell his
achievements to the American people.
He inherited two wars and the worst re-
cession since the Great Depression. He
also inherited a Congress that was more
interested in getting re-elected than in
working in the best interests of the
American people. We have a Supreme Court that feels
money is the equivalent of free speech,
and so more money is being spent in this
election than in any previous election.
This money is being spent by both par-
ties to spread lies and half-truths.
I do not like the America envisioned
by Mitt Romney and Paul D. Ryan, in
which taxes are cut and there is no safe-
ty net for the poor, weak and disabled ex-
cept for private charities — and in which
the primary motive for Americans is to
accumulate wealth with no regard for
our climate, for the health and education
of our children or for the rest of the
world.SUSAN STERN
Newton, Mass., Aug. 31, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
Republicans at their party’s national
convention said that “big government”
must go. Sixty years ago, in Chicago, they nomi-
nated Dwight D. Eisenhower for presi-
dent. In his eight-year presidency, he ini-
tiated the huge Interstate highway sys-
tem — a historic federal-state govern-
ment partnership that changed America
forever. It created jobs, linked cities and
rural areas as never before, and stim-
ulated commerce in ways the private
sector could never do alone. Now, many
Republicans resist spending tax dollars
to refurbish that infrastructure. Before Eisenhower left office at the
cold war’s height, he warned about the
drain on the federal budget from the
“military-industrial complex.” Now,
many Republicans want big cuts else-
where, but never at the Pentagon. It seems the Grand Old Party needs a
history lesson on Eisenhower’s legacy.
He was no big spender, but he was prag-
matic and progressive about what gov-
ernment can and should do.
HERB LINNEN
Washington, Aug. 31, 2012
The writer is a former political reporter
for The Associated Press.
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “Surprise Speaker Delivers the Un-
expected’’ (The Caucus, Aug. 31): I have watched every Republican and
Democratic convention on TV since
1960. Clint Eastwood’s unscripted,
stand-up routine on Thursday night in
Tampa was downright bizarre. All I can say is wait till Charlotte next
week. Barack Obama is no empty seat.
DENNY FREIDENRICH
Laguna Beach, Calif., Aug. 31, 2012
The G.O.P. Convention: It’s a Wrap
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TO THE EDITOR:
Sean Lennon makes baseless claims
about the development of American nat-
ural gas (“Destroying Precious Land
for Gas,” Op-Ed, Aug. 28).
New York’s proposed natural gas de-
velopment regulations for the Marcellus
Shale — potentially the world’s second
largest natural gas field — are forward-
leaning and aim to ensure that these
abundant, clean-burning resources are
safely developed, proving, as President
Obama has said, “that we don’t have to
choose between our environment and
our economy.” Indeed, United States carbon dioxide
emissions are now at a 20-year low, ac-
cording to the Energy Information Ad-
ministration. The chief reason? Ex-
panded natural gas use.
At the same time, natural gas produc-
tion from Pennsylvania’s portion of the
Marcellus Shale has increased more
than 80 percent from a year ago. This
responsible production is making our
nation more secure and helping to cre-
ate literally tens of thousands of good
jobs at a time when they’re most need-
ed.KATHRYN Z. KLABER
President, Marcellus Shale Coalition
Pittsburgh, Aug. 28, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
The Ouleout Creek runs through my
yard in Meridale, in Delaware County,
N.Y., so I was happy to see it mentioned
by Sean Lennon. He is certainly right to
alert New York City residents to the
dangers posed to our drinking water (I
also live in Brooklyn) by exploiting
shale deposits upstate.
However, it is important to avoid pit-
ting upstate and New York City resi-
dents against one another in this de-
bate, which is why I and many other
New Yorkers support a statewide ban.
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo are not alone in
their misguided support for fracking;
President Obama has, most unfortu-
nately, thrown his support behind this
dangerous technology. But the bottom line is that there is no
“right place” to poison the water and air
upon which all of us depend.
REGINA WEISS
Meridale, N.Y., Aug. 29, 2012
Should Fracking Be Part of Our Energy Future? LUKE RAMSEY
T
AMPA
, Fla.
As the Republican Party has moved
from compassionate conservatism to
the severe conservatism of Mitt Rom-
ney, from Rockefeller Republicans to
the Tea Party, from Richard Nixon, who
called himself a Keynesian, to Paul
Ryan, a Hayekian, viewpoints that once
fit under the party’s big tent seem out of
place. That tent also seems closed to so-
cially progressive opinions rapidly gain-
ing acceptance in America at large.
Abortion-rights supporters and envi-
ronmentalists, once well represented,
are now on the fringe. Gay-rights advo-
cates are still outside looking in. Polls
indicate that Americans increasingly fa-
vor marriage equality, but the 2012 Re-
publican platform calls for an amend-
ment banning same-sex marriage.
Yet there are Republicans who sup-
port abortion rights, environmentalist
Republicans and gay Republicans. Rep-
resentatives of these groups say their
beliefs are truly conservative and argue
that demographics are on their side.
Kellie Ferguson,the executive direc-
tor of Republican Majority for Choice,
would like to see the party shift from
banning abortion to finding common
ground to reduce abortions. She finds
Republican attacks on Planned Parent-
hood irrational. “If you make it more difficult for
women to access planning services, you
end up with more unintended preg-
nancies and more abortions, which ends
up costing taxpayers money,” she said.
“So, among other problems, it’s not fis-
cally conservative.” Besides, said Candace Straight,the
group’s co-chairwoman,“young people
care about finishing their education and
getting a job, and they don’t want gov-
ernment interfering with their personal
business.” Now, she said, “we’re losing
the under-30 vote. And it’s been shown
that if a party loses individuals in their
20s, they may never get them back.”
In other words, the Republican stance
on abortion isn’t politically wise or con-
servative. Rob Sisson,the president of
ConservAmerica,said much the same
thing about the party’s stance on the en-
vironment: “I’m a firm believer that be-
ing a good conservationist, a good envi-
ronmentalist, is not at cross purposes”
with the party’s principles.
Mr. Sisson pointed to the legacy of
Republican environmentalists: Theo-
dore Roosevelt established five national
parks;Ronald Reagan once said “we
want to protect and conserve the land
on which we live.” Mr. Sisson appealed
to recent history: cap-and-trade was a
Republican idea. And he argued against
oil subsidies, saying that government
shouldn’t pick winners and losers. Like Ms. Straight, he suggested that
the party’s direction would eventually
turn off voters, especially young voters.
A Pew poll from February indicated
that 58 percent of Republicans want to
strengthen environmental regulations
or keep them the same. Gay Republicans, unlike supporters
of abortion rights and environmentalist
Republicans, aren’t trying to claw their
way back into the party so much as
claim space for the first time. They, too,
see their interests being compatible
with the party’s. R. Clarke Cooper,the
executive director of the Log Cabin Re-
publicans,says the Defense of Marriage
Act and the now-defunct “don’t ask,
don’t tell” policy are classic big-govern-
ment measures, anathema to conserva-
tism. The marriage-equality movement
could fit with the “family values” tradi-
tion, he said, if the party were willing to
“modernize” its definition of family.
This is something young people get.
Kathryn Lehman,a former House staff
member who helped write the Defense
of Marriage Act and is now lobbying to
repeal it, said young voters “just don’t
see a problem” with same-sex mar-
riage. Whether average Republican vot-
ers will accept gay, tree-hugging, abor-
tion-rights supporters as true Repub-
licans is another story.
An Excursion to the Moderate Fringe of the G.O.P.
Is there room for gay
rights, abortion rights
and global warming?
EDITORIAL OBSERVER
JULIET LAPIDOS TO THE EDITOR:
Re “ ‘Warning: Smoking Can Kill
You’ ” (editorial, Aug. 28):
I disagree with your advocacy of
these so-called warnings on cigarette
packages. I am a liberal but in no way in
favor of a nanny state. What might you advocate next, pic-
tures of obese folks on soda bottles or on
cakes at the grocery store? Pictures of
cirrhotic livers on wine bottles might
make lovely labels. It is not for the public to put scarlet
letters on anything of which they disap-
prove. Have we not moved beyond this
sort of Puritanism? Stop the madness;
we are adults. No lecture is needed! DAVID GIFFORD
Lafayette, N.J., Aug. 28, 2012
Too Many Warnings By Brian Katulis
W
ASHINGTON
M
ITT ROMNEY stuck fast
to his foreign-policy play-
book in his acceptance
speech Thursday night —
sloganeering about Amer-
ican exceptionalism, sneering at Presi-
dent Obama’s record on Iran and Israel,
and obscuring his own lack of new ideas.
He said he would “honor America’s dem-
ocratic ideals because a free world is a
more peaceful world” and he praised the
“bipartisan foreign policy legacy of Tru-
man and Reagan,” but said nothing spe-
cific about how he would follow in their
footsteps.
The vagueness seems like a strategy in
itself, and there’s a good explanation: the
disarray in his own party over national
security. Today’s Republicans are as di-
vided on foreign policy as they’ve ever
been, and Mr. Romney is finding it hard
to bridge the divisions. No wonder he
zoomed past foreign policy in some 3
minutes of a 39-minute speech. Centrists and neoconservatives are di-
vided not only over security strategy, but
the conservative base is also fractured
over government spending — including
the defense budget. Neoconservatives
who opposed even the modest defense
cuts suggested by former Defense Secre-
tary Robert M. Gates have come up
against neo-isolationist Tea Party-backed
tax-cutters and their guru, Grover G.
Norquist. At the same time, some Repub-
licans who have long said that govern-
ment spending doesn’t generally create
jobs have promised — hypocritically — to
oppose defense cuts that might cause job
losses back at home.
Is there a single foreign policy area on
which Republicans largely agree? Not the Arab Spring. Calls from Sena-
tors John McCain and Lindsey Graham
to arm Syria’s rebels and impose a no-fly
zone have largely fallen on deaf ears, in-
cluding Mr. Romney’s. Conservatives
like Newt Gingrich and Representative
Michele Bachmann have stoked fears
about Islam in general, leaving it hard to
tell just how much democracy they would
seek to promote in countries like Egypt
— where Islamists of various stripes
have been winning elections, most re-
cently for the presidency. Not Afghanistan. Republicans have
struggled to articulate a coherent posi-
tion distinct from Mr. Obama’s, which
may explain why Mr. Romney’s accept-
ance speech didn’t even mention the dec-
ade-long war, in which slightly fewer
than 80,000 American troops are still
fighting. Not cybersecurity. Squabbling among
Republicans in Congress helped prevent
the adoption of legislation this summer to
enhance our technological defenses and
protect infrastructure from digital attack. Not diplomacy. The Congressional de-
bate over the Law of the Sea Treaty this
year, like the 2010 debate over the New
Start treaty, which would reduce Russian
and American nuclear missile arsenals,
reflected deep philosophical divisions
within the Republican ranks over wheth-
er treaties and other tools of statecraft
advanced or hindered America’s inter-
ests.
In the past, Republican divisions over
foreign policy were typically between a
realist wing and a more fervent national-
ist wing; realism usually won. In the
1950s, President Dwight D. Eisenhower,
an internationalist, prevailed over Sena-
tor Robert A. Taft and his isolationist fol-
lowers. Later, President Richard M. Nix-
on’s engagement with China and Presi-
dent Ronald Reagan’s diplomatic out-
reach to the Soviet Union won out over
the skepticism of cold-war conservatives. After the 9/11 attacks, President
George W. Bush ushered in a new level of
infighting, from which his party has not
recovered. Initially, neoconservatives
like Paul D. Wolfowitz pressed a doctrine
of preventive war and put it into effect in
Iraq. Eventually, more pragmatic con-
servatives like Condoleezza Rice pulled
the president back toward diplomacy.
Over the last four years, Republicans
tried to paper over their divisions. In the
2008 and 2010 elections, foreign policy
hardly figured at all. But the Repub-
lican primary contest this year bared
the deep conservative disarray. And
this time, a new battle, between neo-
conservatives and neo-isolation-
ists, all but crowded out the par-
ty’s pragmatic international-
ists, like James A. Baker III
and Colin L. Powell.
Mr. Romney has dealt with
these divisions in two ways. He has de-
rided Mr. Obama’s handling of foreign
policy (notably on Iran and Israel) with
overheated rhetoric but only vague hints
at alternatives. Ms. Rice (whose rhetori-
cal jab at Mr. Obama’s “leading from be-
hind” was a big applause line) and Mr.
McCain (whose calls for aiding the Syri-
an opposition drew muted applause) ech-
oed that theme at the convention. On the few matters in which Mr. Rom-
ney has offered a clearer difference, he
has echoed the confrontational approach
taken by Dick Cheney, John R. Bolton
and other hard-line conservatives from
the Bush years. For example, he called
Russia the “No. 1 geopolitical foe” of the
United States and said he would desig-
nate China a currency manipulator on his
first day in office. His call for Repub-
licans to block ratification of the New
Start treaty put him at odds with all five
living Republican former secretaries of
state, including Ms. Rice. But a mixture of cheerleading and fire-
breathing does not make for a coherent
and credible worldview. Now that he’s
the Republican nominee, Mr. Romney
has an obligation to clarify his and his
party’s positions. It is imperative that he
justify his plan to add more than $2 tril-
lion in defense spending over the next 10
years and explain how the plan meshes
with his proposals to simultaneously cut
taxes, reduce the debt and strengthen
America’s economy. Mr. Romney should also explain what
— if anything — he would do differently
from President Obama in Egypt, which is
perhaps the most important test today of
America’s support for democratic transi-
tions around the world. He should go be-
yond clichés to specify how, exactly, he
would strengthen military cooperation
with Israel — which Israel’s own defense
minister, Ehud Barak, praised a month
ago as “more than anything I can re-
member in the past.” And he needs to get specific about his
tactical approach to Syria, where the
United States is already trying to help
the Syrian opposition, control which ele-
ments of it get foreign military aid, and
isolate the murderous regime of Presi-
dent Bashar al-Assad. Mitt Romney hopes to persuade Amer-
icans not only that he can fix the econ-
omy but also that he can lead at a time of
great uncertainty abroad. To do so, he
needs to first unite his party by offering
clear alternatives to the president’s pol-
icies. Vague criticisms of Mr. Obama
won’t cut it. Ø
Brian Katulis, a senior fellow at the Cen-
ter for American Progress, studies Unit-
ed States foreign policy in the Middle
East and South Asia. HARRY CAMPBELL Republicans, in Search
Of a Foreign Policy
Romney is caught
between neocons and
neo-isolationists.
Ø
N
A23
OP-ED
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
As the Republican convention fades
into oblivion, the one thing everybody is
still talking about is, of course, the party
platform.
Honest. You should see the tweets.
The convention was so full of opportu-
nities to catch a glimpse of celebrities
like John Sununu and Rudy Giuliani
that I didn’t get around to the platform
until the flight back from Tampa. But it
was so worth the wait. Really, I could
hardly take my eyes away from it long
enough to watch the flight attendant
demonstrate how to use a seat buckle. As you’d expect, there were paeans to
things Republicans like (phonics, Israel,
coal, English, defense spending, trans-
parency for everything except political
donations) and denunciations of the stuff
they hate (Obamacare, mass transit, the
Law of the Sea Treaty, Venezuela, teach-
ers’ unions, Obamacare). But you may
be interested to know that the proven
methods of improving school perform-
ance are high standards, accountability
and “renewed focus on the Constitution
and the writings of the Founding Fa-
thers.”
Some of the recommendations are
stunning. Besides the inevitable tribute
to the Second Amendment, the platform
goes to the trouble of specifically men-
tioning that Republicans are against lim-
iting the sale of those extra-bullet maga-
zines for guns that maximized the victim
count in the mass shootings in Tucson,
Colorado and Wisconsin.
Please, keep that in mind. Wherever
there’s a gun capable of spraying 100 bul-
lets, there’s a Republican platform be-
hind it.
But the most startling sentence is in
the preamble, where the Republicans an-
nounce they are the party with “a posi-
tive, optimistic view of an opportunity
society where any American who works
hard, dreams big and follows the rules
can achieve anything he or she wants.”
People, do you think the Republican
hierarchy really believes that working
hard and playing by the rules is a guar-
antee of big-dream fulfillment? This is a
worldview you usually only hear before
the first elimination round on “American
Idol.” No wonder they don’t like food stamps
and unemployment compensation.
The platform provides some welcome
hints about what the Romney ticket
stands for. We do need help on that point
because when it comes to actual plans,
Romney-Ryan has been pretty opaque.
Leaving Tampa, we knew no more
about the big Medicare issue than when
we arrived. The biggest Republican talk-
ing point is that the Obama health care
reform will, in the words of Mitt Romney,
“hurt today’s seniors.” That’s all about
the $716 billion in projected long-term
savings, except that Ryan had the same
cut in his budget plans and what the
heck are we supposed to make of that?
Fortunately, Fortune magazine asked
the House majority leader,Eric Cantor,
that question during the convention, and
Cantor was able to clear it all up thusly:
“The assumption was that, um, the, the,
ah, again — I probably can’t speak to
that in an exact way,so I better just not.”
So, O.K.
The big, if-not-quite-articulated, mes-
sage in Tampa was that in a free econ-
omy, everybody will get what they de-
serve. There is no need to worry about
the vast, growing gap between the rich-
est and the rest, or the shrinking middle
class, or the fact that America currently
has one of the worst rates of social mobil-
ity in the developed world.
Untrammeled, the business sector will
create plenty of jobs, and the hard-work-
ing big-dreamers will jump in, amass
wealth and achieve success. You cut tax-
es, reduce regulation and let the magic
happen. It’s that or what Paul Ryan
called “a dull adventureless journey
from one entitlement to the next, a gov-
ernment-planned life, a country where
everything is free but us.”
Listening to the convention speeches,
it was easy to get the impression that ev-
ery high-ranking Republican in the coun-
try had parents who were truck drivers
or convenience store workers who
moved up entirely through their own ef-
forts. Also, there were a lot of grandfa-
thers who worked in the mines. Repub-
licans love mines, particularly coal
mines. This is partly because of their big
donors, but the fact that environmental-
ists hate coal makes coal mines even
more adorable.
And the miners themselves are always
sympathetic figures because they work
hard and play by the rules. As a result,
their biggest dreams have been realized,
and they are able to spend their lives un-
derground developing chronic pulmo-
nary disease. Shortly before the convention, Mitt
Romney had pressed the coal theme
with an appearance in Ohio, where he
stood with a group of sooty miners
whose sad, solemn faces seemed to un-
derscore their concern about big govern-
ment. Also, some of them later told the
news media that they had been required
to show up and weren’t paid for the day.
The reward will undoubtedly arrive at
a later date.
Ø
GAIL COLLINS Only The Good Get Rich
Virtue is not its own reward. There’s also money. T
AMPA
, Fla.
Honesty is a lost art. Facts are for los-
ers. The truth is dead.
Pick one. Whatever the term of art, they all sig-
nal a dark turn,and,this week,the Re-
publican Party took that turn with reck-
less abandon.
Lying is certainly nothing new in poli-
tics. One could even argue that it’s fun-
damental to politics. Saying incredible
things in a credible way is the art; using
math of vapors to sell dreams of smoke
is the craft.
But Paul Ryan’s acceptance speech on
Wednesday took things up a notch.
Sally Kohn, a contributor to Fox
News,said:
“Ryan’s speech was an apparent at-
tempt to set the world record for the
greatest number of blatant lies and mis-
representations slipped into a single po-
litical speech. On this measure, while it
was Romney who ran the Olympics,
Ryan earned the gold.”
Business Insider called it “factually
shaky.” A Washington Post blog called it
a “breathtakingly dishonest speech.” Sa-
lon’s Joan Walsh said the speech was
“stunning for its dishonesty” and con-
tained “brazen lies.” Jonathan Cohn at
The New Republic used the headline:
“The Most Dishonest Convention
Speech …Ever?” You get the picture.
So much was written about this and
other Republican attempts to distort and
deny the truth this week. But I’m be-
ginning to worry that many Americans
are growing weary of isolating the lies,
coming as they did in torrents.
The Romney campaign seems to be
banking on this fatigue and counting on
The Fourth Estate being reduced to little
more than a fifth wheel in the political
zeitgeist. One of its pollsters said this
week that the campaign would not be
dictated by fact-checkers.
Romney’s speech at the convention
on Thursday avoided the flat-out false-
ness of Ryan’s, containing what FactCh-
eck.org called only a “few bits of exag-
geration and puffery.” The greatest
transgression Thursday night was the
bizarre scene of Uncle Clint babbling
back and forth with an empty chair that
contained an invisible Obama.
But Romney’s restraint does not
erase the damage already done.
Mediaite’s Tommy Christopher looked
at the fact-checking site PolitiFact’s tal-
lies on Aug. 10 and found that:
“Mitt Romney’s statements have
been judged Mostly False, False or
Pants on Fire 46 percent of the time, ver-
sus only 29 percent for President Oba-
ma. In the Pants on Fire category alone,
Romney is more than four times as like-
ly to suffer trouser immolation than the
president. Nearly 1 in 10 statements by
Romney earned flaming slacks, versus 1
out of every 50 for Obama.”
On Friday, PolitiFact still had Rom-
ney’s statements as Mostly False, False
or Pants on Fire 42 percent of the time,
compared with 27 percent of the time for
Obama.
Propaganda is one thing; prevarica-
tion is another.
There is some degree of mythmaking
and truth-stretching in every campaign,
but the extent to which Republicans
have embraced ignobility in this cam-
paign is astounding. They have used
their convention podium to unleash a
whole lot of half-truths, so many that
fact-checkers have been working over-
time. But trying to chase down every lie
is like trying to catch every bug in a log.
It’s almost impossible.
If the news media has to pour so much
energy into fact-checking, which is no-
ble and necessary, I worry that the big
picture gets short shrift. The convention
itself was shockingly low on vision and
high on venom.
Yet the candidates are virtually tied in
most polls. What does this portend for
the republic? I worry deeply about this,
not simply because I work at a newspa-
per, but because I am an American.
If we allow our leaders to completely
abandon any semblance of honesty,
what do we have left? When rancid dis-
information stands in the space where
actual information should be, what will
grow?
And how can a party that incessantly
repeats the mantra that our rights were
granted by God repeatedly violate a bas-
ic tenet of almost every religion: truth-
telling? What does it mean when a party
that trafficks in American greatness
trades in human horridness?
Romney long ago demonstrated that
he was willing to do anything and take
any position — even if they contradicted
previous ones — to make it to the White
House. And while that may be fine for
him, it shouldn’t be fine with us.
We deserve better and should de-
mand better. We deserve better than a
weather-vane candidacy that doesn’t
care whether it’s being candid. We de-
serve better than a party and a presi-
dential aspirant so wanton that they
refuse to let facts get in the way of a
fairy tale.
Ø
CHARLES M. BLOW The G.O.P. Fact Vacuum
The truth was hard to
find at the party’s
convention.
Joe Nocera is off today. By Jonathan D. Moreno
P
HILADELPHIA
M
ANY found Clint East-
wood’s speech at the Re-
publican National Con-
vention odd, but I found it
oddly familiar. When Mr.
Eastwood set up a chair next to the podi-
um and used it in an imaginary dialogue
with the president,I recognized it as a
technique from psychodrama —the psy-
chotherapy my father, the psychiatrist
J.L. Moreno, started developing nearly
100 years ago.
Therapists often use the “empty chair”
as a way of orienting a patient to a partic-
ular relationship. “Here’s your mom,”
they might say. “What would you say to
her if she were here, right now?” The
empty chair can be a very powerful
warm-up to a problematic situation, a
way of concretizing dormant, suppressed
or abstract emotions in an important or
troubling relationship. Used properly,it
can lead to insight.
It makes sense that Mr. Eastwood, an
actor and director, would come up with
the idea of using the empty chair as a de-
vice in his speech on Thursday evening.
Like many other psychodrama tech-
niques, the empty chair has also been
used in training actors to feel themselves
in their roles. Some of my father’s tech-
niques have been compared to those of
the famous acting teacher Constantin
Stanislavsky and his “method acting”
school, which has had an especially great
influence on the American theater. However, from the therapeutic per-
spective,one problem with the way Mr.
Eastwood used the empty chair is that he
did not sit in the chair himself and put
himself in the president’s shoes. Often
people feel better having the opportunity
to excoriate someone in the empty chair.
Certainly it’s enjoyable,and perhaps
even cathartic,to be able to say angry
and sarcastic things to someone who has
hurt or disappointed us. Perhaps Mr.
Eastwood felt better having that opportu-
nity. Yet we could have all learned more if
Mr. Eastwood had followed through and
actually put himself in the chair. What
would the president have said in re-
sponse to some of his remarks? For ex-
ample, when Mr. Eastwood seemed to
contrast the president’s attitude toward
the war in Iraq with his attitude toward
Afghanistan (the latter being “something
worth doing”), in the president’s role Mr.
Eastwood might have felt compelled to
point out that Afghanistan was initiated
by President George W. Bush and that he
supported it as needed to clear out Al
Qaeda’s training camps. Perhaps Mr.
Eastwood’s views would have become
more generous if he had taken the presi-
dent’s role.
So Mr. Eastwood wasted an important
educational and therapeutic moment
from which our deadlocked political sys-
tem could benefit:putting himself in the
role of the other person of whom he is
critical and coming to understand that
person’s point of view “from inside.”
Democrats are not necessarily more
comfortable with such ideas. At the
height of the Vietnam War,my father of-
fered to help President Lyndon B. John-
son and the North Vietnamese leader Ho
Chi Minh feel the pressures each was un-
der by directing them in a psychodrama.
Perhaps the deaths of so many tens of
thousands of men, women and children
could have been averted. But my father
got a curt brushoff from Bill Moyers, then
the White House press secretary, inform-
ing him that diplomacy was not a psycho-
therapy theater game. But of course any
practitioner or historian of diplomacy
knows that often that’s exactly what it is.
America lost its chance for a psycho-
dramatic moment at the Republican con-
vention. Too bad. That really would have
made my day. Ø
What the Chair Could Have Told Clint
Jonathan D. Moreno, a professor of med-
ical ethics and health policy at the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania, is the author of
“The Body Politic: The Battle Over Sci-
ence in America.” The actor missed an
opportunity for
therapeutic insight.
Frank Gehry is an unsurprising
choice to design Facebook’s new
headquarters — and that’s the problem.
nytimes.com/opinionator
ONLINE:ALLISON ARIEFF
A24
N
OBITUARIES
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By GAIA PIANIGIANI
ROME — Cardinal Carlo Maria
Martini, one of the Roman Catho-
lic Church’s most influential pro-
gressive thinkers, who once was
considered as a possible succes-
sor to Pope John Paul II, died in a
Jesuit retreat near Milan on Fri-
day. He was 85.
His death was announced by
the Archdiocese of Milan, where
he had been archbishop for 22
years before retiring in 2002. He
had been suffering from Parkin-
son’s disease for some time.
In the later years of Pope John
Paul II’s tenure, Cardinal Martini
was frequently mentioned as a
contender to be the next pope, es-
pecially by members of the
church’s progressive wing. But in
the 2005 conclave after the pope’s
death, Cardinal Joseph Ratzing-
er, a hard-line defender of the
faith, was the choice, becoming
Pope Benedict XVI.
In a message sent on Friday to
the current archbishop of Milan,
Angelo Scola, Pope Benedict
praised Cardinal Martini as an
“authoritative biblical scholar”
and “a zealous prelate.”
A Jesuit who was a respected
expert on Scripture and the early
church, Cardinal Martini es-
poused liberal, if diplomatically
couched, views on a range of sub-
jects — including priestly celi-
bacy, the right to die, condom use
and even abortion — that some-
times put him at odds with
church doctrine. In 2005,for instance, the Catho-
lic News Service described him
as having expressed “openness
to the possibility of allowing mar-
ried Latin-rite priests under cer-
tain circumstances,” as well as to
the ordination of women as dea-
cons.
Cardinal Martini was some-
times described in the news me-
dia as having gone as far as sug-
gesting the church consider or-
daining women as priests. But in
an interview with The New York
Times in 2002,the cardinal, who
spoke impeccable English and a
number of other languages both
ancient and modern, disavowed
that position, saying that his
views on the subject were “much
more nuanced.”
He also expressed notably lib-
eral views on issues relating to
health and the human body. In
2006, in a dialogue published in
the Italian newsmagazine L’Es-
presso between Cardinal Martini
and the Italian bioethicist Ignazio
Marino, the cardinal challenged
official church policy by arguing
that condom use was justified in
some cases to prevent the spread
of AIDS.
More striking still, in the same
exchange he characterized the le-
galization of abortion as a “posi-
tive” development, inasmuch as
it could “reduce or eliminate” il-
legal abortions. He added, how-
ever, that the availability of legal
abortion should not be construed
as a “license to kill.”
In 2007,in a letter to an Italian
newspaper, Cardinal Martini ex-
pressed qualified support for a
patient’s right to die, urging the
Vatican to honor the requests of
terminally ill patients who ask
“in all lucidity” for life-prolong-
ing treatments to be withdrawn.
Cardinal Martini, who never
held a parish pulpit, was also
known for his inclusive approach
to contemporary theology. In Mi-
lan, he helped draw young people
to the church by presenting a se-
ries of forums in which religious
believers, atheists and agnostics
met to discuss issues of mutual
concern.
And in recent years he wrote a
column for the Italian daily Cor-
riere della Sera in which he an-
swered questions from readers
on topics like the clergy sex
abuse scandal and divorce.
An advocate for interfaith dia-
logue, Cardinal Martini served on
the Vatican’s Commission for Re-
ligious Relations With the Jews.
In the 1960s, as rector of the Pon-
tifical Biblical Institute in Rome,
he created a program under
which Catholic students go to Is-
rael to study Judaism, biblical ar-
chaeology and Hebrew.
In a 2004 speech at Gregorian
University in Rome, Cardinal
Martini said that Catholics could
not fully understand their own
faith without a meaningful un-
derstanding of Judaism.
“It is not enough to be ‘anti’
anti-Semitism,” he said. “We
need to build friendships, recog-
nizing our differences, but not al-
lowing them to lead to conflict.”
He expanded on those views in
his book “Christianity and Juda-
ism: A Historical and Theological
Overview.”
Carlo Maria Martini was born
Feb. 15, 1927, in Orbassano, near
Turin. He entered the Society of
Jesus at 17 and was ordained a
priest in 1952.
Ferruccio de Bortoli, the editor
in chief of the newspaper Cor-
riere della Sera, said in a video
message that the cardinal would
be missed as a theologian, “but
especially as a teacher and spirit-
ual guide for all of us, also for
those who do not have the gift of
the faith.”
As a result of his work in Jeru-
salem, Cardinal Martini became
deeply attached to the city. After
retiring, he lived there much of
the time. In an interview with The Times
that year, he was asked how he
would continue his public work in
Jerusalem. As The Times report-
ed,“he looked stricken.”
“It’s not my intention to go to
Jerusalem and do something in
society,” Cardinal Martini replied.
“I want to become a private man.
I’m sure personal prayer is more
important, and silent study will
help the world more than many
words and actions.”
Cardinal Carlo Martini, 85, Dies; Voiced Liberal Views
POOL PHOTO BY L’OSSERVATORE ROMANO
Pope Benedict XVI with Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini in 2005.
A papal contender
sometimes at odds
with church doctrine.
By WILLIAM YARDLEY
James Fogle, a thief and addict
who committed real crimes, then
turned them into fiction in his
novel “Drugstore Cowboy,”
which became an acclaimed film,
died Aug. 23 in the infirmary
ward of the Washington State Re-
formatory in Monroe, Wash. He
was 75. The cause was malignant me-
sothelioma, a form of lung cancer,
the Snohomish County medical
examiner’s office said. Mr. Fogle grew up in Olympia,
Wash., stole his first car at age 12
and was serving time in a juve-
nile facility by the time he was a
teenager. His mother told inter-
viewers that she regretted not
having intervened when his fa-
ther beat him. He began writing
early, but he was nearly 40 before
his work caught the eye of some-
one who could promote it beyond
prison walls.
Daniel Yost, a freelance writer
who shared screenwriting credit
on “Drugstore Cowboy” with the
film’s director, Gus Van Sant, said
in an interview on Monday that
Thomas E. Gaddis, the author of
“Birdman of Alcatraz,” received
an unsolicited novel in the mail in
1973 from an inmate serving time
in Walla Walla, Wash. Mr. Gaddis encouraged Mr.
Yost to contact Mr. Fogle. “He
said, ‘I got something in the mail,
and I want you to read it,’” re-
called Mr. Yost, who had inter-
viewed Mr. Gaddis for The Ore-
gonian newspaper. That first novel, never pub-
lished, was called “Satan’s Sand-
box,” and it was one of several
written by Mr. Fogle on which
Mr. Yost eventually based
screenplays. “Drugstore Cowboy,” which
starred Matt Dillon as the leader
of an inept band of thieves and
addicts who stole prescription
drugs from pharmacies across
the Northwest, was the only one
made into a film, released in 1989.
The book was also Mr. Fogle’s
only published novel; it came out
after the film received wide crit-
ical acclaim. “All the dialogue was there,”
Mr. Yost said of the original
manuscript. “The story was pret-
ty complete.”
James Fogle was born on Sept.
29, 1936, in rural Wisconsin. He
spent most of his life in jail or
prison. When “Drugstore Cow-
boy” was released, a special
screening was held for him and
his fellow inmates at Washington
State Penitentiary in Walla Wal-
la.
Mr. Yost said Mr. Fogle made
very little money on the book or
the movie, and police records
show that he stayed true to char-
acter long after his moment of
fame. He had been free for three
years when he was arrested in
2010 for stealing narcotics from a
pharmacy in the Seattle suburbs. He and another man locked
employees in a storeroom after
binding their hands with plastic
ties. When officers stopped Mr.
Fogle, he was hooded, wore a
pink bandanna over his face and
had a BB gun. He was holding
trash cans filled with drugs in
both hands. “If you’re a lawyer or a doctor
and spent a lot of time learning
what you do in school, you don’t
stop being a lawyer or doctor,”
Mr. Yost said Mr. Fogle told him
late in life. “He said juvie hall was
a school for learning to be a crim-
inal.”
James Fogle, 75, ‘Drugstore Cowboy’ Author
STUART ISETT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
James Fogle in court in 2010. He turned his crimes into fiction. An acclaimed film led
to the release of the
novel it was based on. By The Associated Press
Lucimarian Roberts, the moth-
er of Robin Roberts, the co-host
of “Good Morning America,” died
Thursday night in Gulfport,
Miss., just hours after Ms. Rob-
erts began a medical leave for a
bone marrow transplant. She was
88.
Her death was announced by
ABC News.
“Robin arrived home with her
sister, Sally-Ann, forging through
flooded and blocked roads to be
with her beloved mother in time
to see her,” Tom Cibrowski, a sen-
ior executive producer of “Good
Morning America,” said in an
e-mail to the entire news division
on Thursday. The Mississippi
area was dealing with flooding
from the effects of Hurricane
Isaac.
In the 1980s, the elder Ms. Rob-
erts was the first black to serve
as chairwoman of the Mississippi
State Board of Education.
She made many appearances
on her daughter’s program and
collaborated with her on a book
titled “My Story, My Song: Moth-
er-Daughter Reflections on Life
and Faith.” Robin Roberts’s departure
from “Good Morning America”
had been set for Friday. But in a
last-minute change of plans, she
told her viewers she was leaving
a day early to visit her ailing
mother.
Besides her daughters Robin
and Sally-Ann, Ms. Roberts is
survived by another daughter,
Dorothy; a son, Lawrence Jr.;
and eight grandchildren.
Her husband, Col. Lawrence E.
Roberts, died in 2004. He was a
member of the all-black Army Air
Corps unit known as the Tuske-
gee Airmen. He also served in
Vietnam, where he was awarded
one of his three Legion of Merit
medals.
Lucimarian Roberts, 88, Mother of News Host
DONNA SVENNEVIK /ABC, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Lucimarian Roberts, with her
daughter Robin,in 2006.
Abrams, John
Boriss, Florence
Davidson, Gaines
Fondaras, Elizabeth
Gannett, Robert
Goldfarb, Jeffrey
Hansen, Harold
Karp, Sophia
Kellogg, Whit
Place, David
Rubin, Phyllis
ABRAMS—John Bryden.Jan
and Stefan Abrams are dev-
astated to announce the
death of their beloved son,
John (Jed) Bryden Abrams,
who lost his will to live on Au-
gust 30,2012.He will be
deeply missed by his brother
Roy,sister Cleo,sister-in law,
Evelyn,brother-in-law Brian
and his adoring nieces and
nephews,Eric,Isla,Lila,Kiki,
and Owen,as well as his un-
cles Mark and Richard,aunt
Nancy,his partner Amanda
Mills and much extended
family and friends.With his
handsome good looks and en-
gaging personality,Jed repre-
sented all that was beautiful,
tender,unpredictable and
sometimes perplexing.He
enthusiastically pursued the
unorthodox with his martial
arts talents,yet had an
incredible business savvy for
the financial markets.He will
be missed by all who had the
privilege of spending time
with his unique persona and
personality.A graveside ser-
vice will be held in Topeka,
Kansas and a memorial ser-
vice will be announced in
New York.It is our hope that
donations in his memory be
sent to the Brain and Behav-
ior Research Foundation,60
Cutter Mill Road,Suite 404,
Great Neck,New York 11201.
ABRAMS—John Bryden.Roy
and Evelyn Abrams,be-
reaved brother and sister-in-
law to Jed Abrams,wish to
express their profound sense
of loss and sorrow over Jed's
untimely passing.As those
who knew him well were
aware,Jed's core self consist-
ed of an infinite tenderness
and vulnerability.Often most
honestly expressed with the
nieces and nephews he
adored,as well as the ani-
mals he rescued and kept
over the years,it was a pure
spring of lovingness we feel
privileged to have known and
traumatized to have lost.Our
prayers for your soul,brother,
we will always love you.
BORISS—Florence E.
("Flossie"),91,died peacefully
at home on August 28,2012.
She was preceded in death by
her loving husband,Milton
Boriss,who died in 1996.
Flossie was born in the
Bronx,NY,on April 29,1921
to Matthew and Eleanor
Stutz.She and Milton married
in 1947,and settled and raised
a family on Long Island.
They retired and fulfilled a
lifelong dream,moving to San
Francisco in 1978,where they
lived happily for many years.
Flossie was an elegant and
stylish person,and she and
Milton lived a full and happy
life,always lending a smile
wherever they found them-
selves.Flossie is survived by
her two daughters Jane (Jeff)
Anton and Madeleine
(Michael) McClellan,her two
grandchildren,Matthew and
Emily,and by her brother,
Ronald Stutz.Please perform
an act of kindness in her
memory,or donate to a char-
ity of your choice.A memori-
al service will be planned for
a later time.
DAVIDSON—Gaines P.(Jim)
on August 27,2012 at age 79.
Devoted husband to Leny,
proud father of Cristopher
(Jen),Cheryl and Robin,
loving Grandpa of Benjamin,
Taylor and Annika.Brother of
Patricia Cohen (Ira).Forever
in our hearts.Shiva at home
through September 2nd.Do-
nations to Make A Wish.
FONDARAS—Elizabeth,died
peacefully at home in New
York City on August 29,2012.
Elizabeth Fondaras,a widely
beloved and admired person-
ality both in France and in
her native America,dedicated
decades of her life to support-
ing and expanding the rela-
tions between France and the
United States through her
personal initiatives and by
generously lending her sup-
port to organizations with the
same goal.In light of this
longstanding work,she was
named Chevalier of the Le-
gion d'Honneur in 1989 and
Officier in 2002.In 2009,Presi-
dent Francois Sarkozy named
her Commandeur of the Le-
gion d'Honneur.She was born
Elizabeth Temple Robertson
in Boston,on March 18,1916,
a descendant of an old Vir-
ginia family.After the death
of her first husband,Charles
E.Miller,she moved to Paris
and made that city her home
for ten years.In France,she
married Theodore Weicker,
Jr.of the Squibb pharmaceu-
tical family.The strong
friendships she made in
France and her love for that
country were to shape one of
her life's principal objectives -
-to bring about better under-
standing between France and
the United States.In the early
fifties,Mrs.Fondaras estab-
lished the Elizabeth R.Miller
Traveling Scholarship,a high-
ly successful program that
brought ten talented young
French surgeons to work in
outstanding American Hospi-
tals.In 1956,she founded the
Elizabeth R.Miller Scholar-
ship for St.Paul's School in
Concord,New Hampshire,a
program that still endures as
The Elizabeth R.Weicker
Scholarship for St.Paul's
School.Over the fifty-year
course of this program,she
has supported the education
at St.Paul's School of close to
100 French boys and girls,
many of whom have gone on
to become prominent profes-
sionals in France.In 1971,
Mrs.Fondaras married Anas-
tassios Fondaras (deceased
June 1999),a retired Com-
mander in the Royal Greek
Navy and former managing
director for Stavros Niarchos.
The couple settled in New
York,keeping a pied a terre
on the Ile St.Louis in Paris.
In 1972,the State Department
recognized her with a Tribute
of Appreciation saying “....
Her personal initiative is in
keeping with the finest tradi-
tions of Franco-American
friendship.” At the time of her
death,her ties to France
were as strong as ever,as
she continued to her work
with and active support of,
the Pasteur Foundation for
which she had been the
founding Chairman of its
American Advisory Board
since 1989.Her work also in-
cluded service as the Vice-
Chairman of the French
American Foundation.In ad-
dition to the Legion d'Hon-
neur,Mrs.Fondaras also re-
ceived the Medal of the Cen-
ter for French Civilization and
Culture and served as Chair-
man of the Advisory Board of
La Maison Francaise of New
York University.She has
served on many boards in-
cluding those of St.Paul's
School,the American Friends
of Blerancourt,the Institute of
International Education,the
Children's Storefront School in
Harlem and the Foreign Poli-
cy Association.Mrs.Fon-
daras'ever-present warmth,
charm,strength of purpose
and generosity of spirit will
be sorely missed by her large
circle of friends at home and
abroad.She is survived by a
loving family of stepchildren
and step-grandchildren,in-
cluding Theodore Weicker of
Palo Alto,California,Tara La-
mont of Rio de Janiero,Brazil
and Antonia Fondaras of
Washington,D.C.The funeral
service will be held on Satur-
day September 1st at 11:00am
at St.Luke's Church,18
James Lane,East Hampton.
A memorial service to be
held in New York City will be
announced at a later date.In
lieu of flowers please send
contributions either to the
French American Foundation,
28 West 44th Street,Suite
1420,New York,NY 10036 or
Pasteur Foundation,420 Lex-
ington Avenue,Suite 1654,
New York,New York 10170.
GANNETT—Robert T.,94,died
at home in Brattleboro,VT on
August 26,2012.Bob was a 14
term member of the Vermont
Legislature and 64 year mem-
ber of the Vermont Bar Asso-
ciation.He is survived by his
daughter and two sons,Alden
G.Taylor of Mequon,WI,
Robert of Chicago,Il and
William of New York City and
nine grandchildren.A service
will be held September 8th at
10:30am at the Centre Congre-
gational Church in Brattle-
boro.To view a full obituary
and/or sign an online guest-
book with messages of con-
dolence please visit:
www.atamaniuk.com.
Services are under the direc-
tion of the Atamaniuk Funer-
al Home in Brattleboro.
GOLDFARB—Jeffrey Alan,66,
of Rumsen,NJ,and New
York City,died at Mt.Sinai
Hospital August 24,after a
long illness.Beloved husband
of Marion Mylly
Bartholomew,cherished
brother of Alisan Goldfarb
and Martha"Gari"(Peter)
Richardson,uncle of Andrew
Goldfarb.Graduate of Bay-
side High School,Polytechnic
Institute of Brooklyn,and
Brooklyn Law school,he
worked as a computer sys-
tems designer and consultant,
delighting in solving problems
that others could not.Lover
of fine food,wine and culture-
he and his wife frequented
the New York City Ballet,the
Metropolitan Opera,and
great restaurants.An accom-
plished chef he enjoyed cook-
ing fine meals for two,as well
as entertaining friends.His
true joy was being on the wa-
ter,Captain of his sloop"Bo-
heme",cruising with his de-
voted crew.A celebration of
his life will take place at his
home September 8.
HANSEN—Harold David,
of Brooklyn.On August 29,
2012,at the age of 80.Service
to be held at Peconic Land-
ing,Greenport,NY,where
contributions may be sent.
KARP—Sophia,on August 31,
2012.Wife of Louis.Loving
mother of Harold (Sue) and
Joseph (Larayne).Dearest
grandmother of Melinda
Friedrich (Carl Jr.),Julie
Cohen (Loren),Matthew
(Wendy),Dan (Amanda),
Peter (Cathy) and 10 great-
grandchildren.A most power-
ful presence in all of our
lives.Graveside services,Sun-
day 12:30pm at Mount Ararat
Cemetery,E.Farmingdale,
NY.Donations in Sophia's
name to:Memorial - Sloan
Kettering Cancer Center/
Lymphoma Service.
KELLOGG—Whit.
The Metropolitan Opera
mourns the untimely death of
our dear colleague Whit Kel-
logg,who served as rehearsal
pianist for our ballet for 30
years.Over those years,Whit
developed a deep rapport
with the Met's dancers
through his excellent musi-
cianship and his warm and
supportive presence.Beloved
by the dancers,he was an in-
tegral part of the dance
troupe.He will be sorely
missed by all of his friends
and colleagues at the Met.
We extend our sincerest con-
dolences to his spouse Ken-
non and to his family.
Peter Gelb,General Manager
James Levine,Music Director
PLACE—David E.,age 91,of
Milton,MA,died on August
23,2012.Attended Milton
Academy (Class of'39,Har-
vard College (Class of ‘43),
Harvard Law School (Class of
‘48).Practiced business and
family law with Gaston Snow
& Ely Bartlett and Choate
Hall & Stewart.Worked with
United States Presidents
Dwight Eisenhower,Gerald
Ford,Ronald Reagan,and
George H.W.Bush,and
Massachusetts Governors En-
dicott Peabody,William Weld,
and Deval Patrick;served as
Cohasset Town Moderator
(1969-1980),General Counsel
to the U.S.Department of the
Air Force (1981-1984),Deputy
Commissioner to the U.S.
Arms Control Standing Con-
sultative Commission (1984-
1986),and Chairman of the
Massachusetts Judicial Nomi-
nating Council (1991- 1996).
Active on Board of Directors
of Jackson Laboratory,New
England Deaconess Hospital,
Mass General Hospital,
Boston YMCA,International
Institute of Boston,Dana Hall
School,Boston Public Library,
McCrillis Land Association,
and Trustees of Reservations.
His embrace of life earned a
lifetime of endearing friend-
ships.Survived by his wife,
Susanna Badgley Place,of
Milton,MA,and their chil-
dren,Louise and Alexander
Place;his former wife,Pene-
lope G.Place,of Cohasset,
MA,and their children,D.El-
liott Place,Richard Place,
Penelope Gleason,and Josiah
Place,and four grandchildren,
Nathan Place,Rachel Place,
Isaac Place,and Mark Place;
as well as his brother,H.
Calvin Place,of Wellesley,
MA.A celebration of David's
life will be held on September
8 at 2pm,at St.Michael's
Episcopal Church,112 Ran-
dolph Ave,Milton,MA 02186.
In lieu of flowers,family sug-
gests a contribution in David
Place's memory to the
Epiphany School in Dorch-
ester,Massachusetts
(http://epiphanyschool.com)
or The Island Education Fund
at the Island Institute in Rock-
land,ME
http://www.islandinstitute.org.
RUBIN—Phyllis,died on Au-
gust 24th.Beloved wife of the
late Seymour Rubin.Mother
of Drs.Joane and Diane Ru-
bin and Ronald Rubin.Grand-
mother of Rachel and David
Bergmann.To a wonderful
sister,we all love you and
miss you.Barbara Blitz
IHDE—Mark.
Happy Birthday!Always in our
hearts,loveforever.
MomandDad
KASHUK— Doris.Life's too
difficult without seeing your
beautiful smile.So when that
time comes,I will be at peace.
LovetoDad.Love,Barbara
VARADI—Marilyn"Mar".
Loved,missedand
rememberedalways.
ChickandFamily
Deaths
Deaths
In Memoriam
B1
N
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
S.& P. 500 1,406.58
U
7.10
Dow industrials 13,090.84
U
90.13
Nasdaq composite 3,066.96
U
18.25
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.55%
D
0.08
The euro $1.2576
U
0.0070
Personal Business
Indulgence at Sea
Living the yachting life-
style, but being frugal to
make it happen. 5
The F.D.A. clears a new drug to
treat advanced prostate cancer. 3
Three ex-UBS bankers are found
guilty of bid-rigging.
4
Factory orders rose
and consumers
gained confidence in
August. 7
If it’s $100 million, is it art?
Since Citigroup’s former chair-
man,Sandy Weill,sold his pent-
house at 15 Central Park West
late last year for $88 million,or
$13,000 a square foot,
to a Russian billion-
aire, sales prices in
Manhattan have been
flirting with $100 mil-
lion, and brokers say
it’s only a matter of
time until the barrier is broken.
Sales at such stratospheric lev-
els in Manhattan, as well as
records in certain neighborhoods
in Miami,Los Angeles and a few
other pockets isolated from the
nationwide collapse in real estate
prices, have left real estate pro-
fessionals struggling to explain
the surge.Art may be the answer.
“Art is what people are willing
to pay for, and an apartment like
this is like a piece of art,” the
Long Island real estate developer
Steven Klar told a colleague of
mine at The Times,Alexei Bar-
rionuevo,in late July as he listed
his penthouse on West 56th
Street for $100 million.
Kathleen Coumou,senior vice
president at Christie’s Interna-
tional Real Estate, said that some
residential properties could le-
gitimately be marketed and sold
as art. “When we call a property art, it
tends to have architectural or his-
toric significance,” she said. She cited the recent sale of a
Manhattan town house designed
by the famed 19th-century archi-
tect Stanford White, which was
listed by Christie’s at what now
seems a bargain,$49 million.
“But even new construction
could be considered art. It’s the
equivalent of postwar and con-
temporary art, which is setting
record prices.”
Something is certainly leading
to record prices for what brokers
describe interchangeably as tro-
phy or art properties. An apart-
ment at One57, a tower under
construction across from Carne-
gie Hall,sold for $90 million and
another is in contract for a sum
said to be over $90 million
(though less than the list price of
$115 million.) The casino execu-
tive Steve Wynn, who is also a
prominent art collector, bought a
penthouse at the Ritz-Carlton on
Central Park South for $70 mil-
lion in June. A duplex co-op on
Park Avenue sold for $52 million
in May.
For high-end real estate sellers
and buyers, the art analogy holds
obvious appeal, since prices for
paintings cracked the $100 mil-
lion barrier at auction years ago
and quickly rebounded from the
financial crisis. The record for the
most expensive painting is said
to be held by Cezanne’s “The
Card Players,” sold last year to
the royal family of Qatar for a
price estimated by Vanity Fair at
$250 million.(A few weeks ago,a
member of the same family
walked away froma deal at MARK GRAHAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
David Kusin, a former Metro-
politan Museum of Art cura-
tor,at his home in Dallas. Overpriced
Real Estate?
Well, Maybe
It’s Art
JAMES B.
STEWART COMMON
SENSE A penthouse in New
York for $100
million? Believe it. Continued on Page 7
By HIROKO TABUCHI
and NICK WINGFIELD
TOKYO — A Japanese court on
Friday rejected patent claims
made by Apple against Samsung,
a victory for the company after
its crushing defeat in the United
States last week and a reminder
of the global scope of the patent
war between the two technology
giants.
While Apple prevailed over
Samsung in the United States,
winning an award of $1 billion in
damages from a federal jury, the
two companies remain neck-and-
neck in legal disputes in almost a
dozen countries. A judge in South
Korea,where Samsung is based,
for example, handed down a split
decision in a patent case shortly
before the jury verdict in the
American case. “Internationally, it’s been a
mixed picture” for Apple, said
James Bessen, an economist and
lecturer at the Boston University
School of Law. “Part of that is be-
cause most other countries don’t
have the same attitude toward
software patenting that the U.S.
has.” For both companies, Japan
makes up a far smaller propor-
tion of sales than the all-impor-
tant American market. But the
Tokyo ruling suggests that de-
spite Apple’s victory last week,
the jostling between the two com-
panies for the upper hand in the
fast-growing smartphone and
tablet businesses is just begin-
ning.
The Tokyo District Court ruled
that Samsung’s Galaxy smart-
phones and tablets did not violate
an Apple patent on technology
that synchronizes music and vid-
eos between devices and servers.
Apple, based in Cupertino,
Calif., sued Samsung in Tokyo
last year in a case that sought 100
million yen, or $1.3 million, in
damages.
That is a far cry from the bil-
lions in damages that Apple had
sought from Samsung in federal
court in San Jose, Calif. A nine-
member jury there ultimately de-
cided on an award of $1 billion af-
ter several days of deliberation. Some law professors who have
studied international patent dis-
putes say the outcome of that
case may be unique in the global
tussle between the two compa-
nies. Mr. Bessen said that’s part-
ly because the United States is
the only major jurisdiction where
patent disputes are heard before Tokyo Court Hands Win To Samsung Over Apple Continued on Page 2
The global patent
wars between two
rivals are just starting. The best gift any of us can give to
newborn babies is to point their sleep-
deprived parents in the direction of a
good 529 or other college savings plan
and then seed the account with a little bit
of money.
It was hard to avoid this con-
clusion in the midst of a recent
baby boom among money writ-
ers at The New York Times.
Tara Siegel Bernard, a personal
finance reporter, recently deliv-
ered her first child, and Paul Sullivan,
the “Wealth Matters” columnist, wel-
comed his second.
I wanted to get both babies a little
something, but knowing what I know
about how much four years of college
will cost, I couldn’t in good conscience
send a stuffed animal or a security blan-
ket.
You would think that the state-spon-
sored 529 plans around the country
would be welcoming givers like me who
want to take this sort of initiative. But
the process of tossing some money into
an account is not as easy as it could,or
should,be.
The hassles have given rise to several
registry services that let you use credit
cards to pay for a 529 gift and spare you
the need to contact the plans or the par-
ents. Recently, however, the industry
group that represents 529 plans and the
companies that serve them raised ques-
tions about whether the start-ups were
violating securities laws.
Why would they do such a thing, when
the services seek only to collect assets to
deliver to the 529 funds on a silver plat-
ter? To figure out the answer, it helps to
start with a bit of refresher on how the
529 plans work.
Anyone can open an account, for
themselves or someone else. States run
the plans, and you can set up an invest-
ment account that allows you to choose
among various mutual funds.
Money in these accounts grows tax-
free, and you can withdraw it without
paying any capital gains taxes as long as
it’s used for educational expenses.
Moreover, a majority of states offer in-
come tax deductions or credits when
people deposit money.
This is all nice and will become more
so if our tax rates rise in the next decade
or two. And the earlier you start, the
more the money has time to grow (and
the more you save on taxes).
The “Cost of Waiting” calculator on
BlackRock’s Web site illustrates this
nicely. Assume that college requires
$40,000 today per year and that the cost
will increase 4 percent a year for the
next 18 years.
If you assume that you’ll earn a 6 per-
cent annual return on your investments
and that your child will need just four
years to finish college after starting at
age 18, you’d need to save $444 a month
to pay for 50 percent of the bill,if you
start saving when the child is born.
Wait just five years, however, and you
have to save $731 a month to reach that
same goal. (There’s a link to the calcula-
tor from the online version of this col-
umn, so you can enter your own num-
bers.)
A college that costs $60,000 a year to-
day could very well cost close to
$500,000 for four years once today’s
newborns enroll if the costs rise at an
annual clip of 4 percent.
So parents, forget about the fancy lay-
ette sets. Open a 529 account and regis-
ter for cash gifts. Upromise offers a
service called Ugift in eight states where
the Sallie Mae unit helps runs 529 plans. Giving to a Newborn’s College Savings Plan
ROBERT NEUBECKER
RON
LIEBER YOUR
MONEY Continued on Page 5
Tossing some money into
an account is not as easy
as it could, or should, be. By JOHN H. CUSHMAN Jr.
WASHINGTON — In the fed-
eral government’s efforts to
help farmers and ranchers sur-
vive this year’s devastating
drought, perhaps the most sur-
prising step has been a dose of
support for struggling pro-
ducers of catfish.
It’s not that their ponds,
shimmering across some of the
poorest counties from Alabama
to Arkansas, were drying up, al-
though the catfish industry has
been shriveling for 10 years.
Rather, catfish assistance
came as part of a $170 million
federal purchase of pork, chick-
en, lamb and fish announced in
early August, all intended to
prop up farmers hit by skyrock-
eting prices of feed like corn
and soybeans.
The Agriculture Department,
in addition to its routine pur-
chases for school lunches and
food banks, would buy an extra
$10 million of catfish, the admin-
istration announced.
That would be more catfish
than the government bought all
last year, and enough to put a
significant dent in a glut of cat-
fish that has left fish farmers
squeezed this year between ris-
ing feed costs and falling prices
for the fish.
Whether it is enough to head
off the continuing collapse of
the industry is another ques-
tion, catfish specialists say.
“I think we are seeing a
change before our very eyes,
quicker than we ever dreamed,”
said Roger Barlow,executive
vice president of the Catfish
Farmers of America. “We have
never had as high a feed cost
and at the same time seen our
pond-bank price go down,” Mr.
Barlow said.
A $10 million purchase, at re-
cent prices paid by the govern-
Catfish Farmers Fight Fish Glut and High Feed Prices DANA MIXER/BLOOMBERG NEWS
The federal gov-
ernment is trying
to help stabilize
catfish prices.
Continued on Page 2
By CLAIRE CAIN MILLER
Kevin Ryan reclines in a designer chair in his Park Av-
enue office, wearing a Luciano Barbera suit and a vintage
Rolex watch. A picture of Mr. Ryan with President Obama
is on the wall and an ornate Oscar de la Renta gown hangs
from the door. This is not a man who would blend in among the
sneaker-clad start-up ranks of Silicon Valley. Yet Mr. Ryan,
chief executive of the Gilt Groupe and a founder of several
prominent Internet companies, is one of the technology
world’s most influential people, with a career trajectory
that mirrors the rise of New York’s tech scene. Mr. Ryan and Dwight Merriman run a start-up factory
called AlleyCorp, after Silicon Alley, a nickname given to
New York’s answer to Silicon Valley. It has churned out
companies that have almost nothing in common, from
e-commerce to publishing to database software. When asked about this start-up grab bag, Mr. Ryan
smiled and said, “Are you saying I have a focus problem?” Gilt.com, which sells luxury goods like designer
clothes and vacation packages, is considering going public
next year. Business Insider, another AlleyCorp company, is
a blog publisher with 19 million readers a month, run by
Henry Blodget, the infamous former Internet stock ana-
lyst. And 10gen, which makes MongoDB, open-source data-
base software that is used by companies like Disney and
Foursquare, was valued at $500 million by venture capital-
ists who invested $50 million in May. These companies contribute to New York’s growing
role as an Internet hub, particularly for the new generation
of online media and retail companies. Last year, 256 New
York tech start-ups raised $2.2 billion in investment, up
from 149 and $1.3 billion five years ago, according to the
National Venture Capital Association. “Silicon Valley is on their fifth generation,” Mr. Ryan
said. “We’re on our second or third generation of New York
entrepreneurs, combined with a bigger and better infra-
structure to support it, so the scene is just mushrooming.” Mr. Ryan made his name during the first tech boom as LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Kevin Ryan, an AlleyCorp partner,says his philosophy is a little like dating: try a lot of possibilities and see what sticks.
New York’s Start-Up Factory
AlleyCorp Churns Out a Grab Bag of NewTech Companies
Continued on Page 4
B2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Following are the most popular business news articles on
NYTimes.com from Aug. 24 through 30: 1. Book Reviewers for Hire Meet a Demand for Online Raves
2. Jury Awards $1 Billion to Apple in Samsung Patent Case 3. China’s Economy Besieged by Buildup of Unsold Goods 4. Active in Cloud, Amazon Reshapes Computing
5. Tax Credits Shed Light on Romney
6. State of the Art: Amazon’s Streaming-Movie Service Offers Its
Own Potluck
7. Samsung Case Puts Apple Closer to Google Fight 8. Dietitians Pay Off for Supermarkets
9. Kimmel Move May Seal Fate of ‘Nightline’
10. Apple-Samsung Case Muddies the Future of Innovation And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. Big Income Losses for Those Near Retirement (Economix) 2. Author of Book on Bin Laden Raid Is Identified (Media Decoder)
3. Apple Beats Samsung: First Reactions (Bits)
4. CNN Looks for a Boost From HBO Shows (Media Decoder)
5. Pandora and Spotify Rake In the Money and Then Send It Off in
Royalties (Media Decoder) ONLINE:MOST POPULAR NUTRITION
Soda Beverage for Breakfast at Taco Bell
Taco Bell, the fast food chain, said on Friday that it was adding Mtn
Dew A.M, a mix of Mountain Dew soda and Tropicana orange juice, to
its breakfast menu. Mtn Dew A.M. is mixed in restaurants and available
only at Taco Bell. Over all, per capita soda consumption has been on the
decline since hitting its peak in 1998. A representative for Taco Bell was
not immediately available to provide details on the orange juice-to-soda
ratio in Mtn Dew A.M. (AP)
AIRLINES
Strike by Lufthansa Attendants Grounds Flights
Lufthansa flight attendants walked off the job for eight hours on Friday
at the Frankfurt airport, causing the cancellation of more than 220
flights. Their union warned of more stoppages unless the airline gave in
to its demands. Lufthansa, Germany’s largest airline, said it canceled
more than 220 short- and medium-haul flights from and to Frankfurt, in-
cluding routes across Europe,after about 1,000 cabin crew members
went on strike. A small number of long-haul flights were canceled as
well, among them services to and from New York, Boston, Atlanta, Phil-
adelphia and Seattle. An airline spokesman, Klaus Walther, accused the
union of putting its demands “on the back of the customers.” The union
called the strike after 13 months of negotiations for higher pay and
guarantees on conditions failed to produce an agreement. (AP)
MARKETS
Commodities Prices Rise Broadly for a Monthly Gain
Commodities rose broadly on Friday, ending August with a third con-
secutive month of gains, after strong rallies through most of the month
in oil, soybeans and cocoa. Gold prices also advanced on renewed bets
for economic stimulus in the United States, while copper eked out a
more modest gain as a result of persistent worries about demand from
China and about the global economic recovery. (REUTERS)
BUSINESS BRIEFING spend roughly 75 cents on feed to
produce each pound of fish in the
two years it takes to raise a fin-
gerling to fillet size. Today, they
are getting about 85 cents a
pound for grown fish, not enough
to generate a profit. They sell on
the spot market, not under pro-
duction contracts.
The price of catfish feed drifted
between about $200 and $300 a
ton for 20 years before suddenly
rising above $400 a ton in the last
two years, and to nearly $600 this
summer.
“It’s impossible to make even a
napkin calculation showing that
this is profitable,” said Mr. Tuck-
er.
In Arkansas, for example,
farmers raised more than 75 mil-
lion market-ready fish 10 years
ago, weighing well over 100 mil-
lion pounds; this summer there
ment, would be more than three
million pounds of frozen catfish.
“That’s not a lot, but it can’t
help but help,” said Craig Tucker,
a catfish expert and former di-
rector of the Thad Cochran Na-
tional Warmwater Aquaculture
Center of Mississippi State Uni-
versity, in Stoneville.
The glut that has depressed
fish prices built up suddenly this
year, to the industry’s surprise,
after a shortage last year after in-
creasing numbers of farmers
bailed out.
Inventories of frozen catfish
doubled to about 10 million
pounds from about 5 million in
the last year, according to the
government.In effect, the gov-
ernment will soak up most of that
increase.
But nobody expects the federal
purchases, equivalent to about
one week’s national sales of pro-
cessed catfish, to bring the price
at the pond up to the break-even
point or to affect the price of feed
in any way, or to offset import
competition, which was up 30
percent in June from a year earli-
er.
“It does not get at any of the
underlying problems facing the
farmers,” said Terrill R. Hanson,
an aquaculture economist at Au-
burn University.
Domestic production of farm-
raised catfish has been declining
for years, and the trend has ac-
celerated as feed prices and im-
ports have risen.By various
measures, the industry has
shrunk by half since its peak a
decade or so ago.
From January 2010 to January
2011, more than 20 percent of cat-
fish farming operations closed.
That caused a shortage last
year of fully grown catfish for the
companies that cut them up, pro-
cess them for cooking and freeze
them, eventually selling them
through brokers to restaurants
and supermarkets. The price of
catfish, both at the farm and after
processing, went up as a result,
and the business was reasonably
profitable last year.
As recently as the start of this
year, Mr. Hanson predicted in an
annual report that there would
not be enough fish to supply pro-
cessors in 2012 and 2013. But instead, the supply has ex-
ceeded the demand. As the price
of domestic catfish increased last
year, customers substituted oth-
er fish like inexpensive tilapia, or
imported catfish and similar spe-
cies from countries like Vietnam
and China.
These buyers, unlike the fed-
eral government, have not come
back even though prices have
fallen.
“What makes the situation so
dire is that the processors are not
getting these sales back,” said Dr.
Hanson. “And now, everyone is
uncertain — if they grow fish, will
there be anyone to sell them to?”
The prospect of continuing
high feed prices is deeply worry-
ing to farmers, who can easily
were barely 15 million food-size
fish in ponds, with a live weight of
20 million pounds, according to a
July census.
Many farmers, especially
those in Mississippi and Arkan-
sas,where ponds replaced mar-
ginal plantings of row crops dec-
ades ago, are tempted to simply
drain the ponds and plant beans
and corn — “to grow grain rather
than feed grain,” as Mr. Barlow of
the catfish farmers’ group put it.
Among other considerations,
those crops qualify for federal in-
surance. In Mississippi’s Delta region,
the heart of the catfish belt, Mr.
Tucker said, “You can drive down
roads and see soybeans growing
in what is obviously an old catfish
pond.”
Compared to catfish, “It’s al-
most a gold rush,” he said.
JAMES PATTERSON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Although domestic production of farm-raised catfish has been falling for years, low demand this year has sent prices plummeting. Catfish Farmers Fight Fish Glut and High Feed Prices From First Business Page
0
.25
.50
.75
1.00
1.25
$1.50
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
The U.S. catfish industry is challenged by rising foreign imports. A glut in catfish inventories beginning earlier this year caused the wholesale price of catfish to fall.
A Squeeze on Fish Farmers
Source: U.S.D.A.; U.S. Census Bureau
THE NEW YORK TIMES
’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12
CATFISH IMPORTS
By 1,000-pound weight, monthly
AVERAGE PRICE PER POUND
Paid by U.S. catfish processors, monthly
juries, and foreign companies
often face a higher risk of losing
cases in such a setting. “I wouldn’t expect there to be a
lot of judgments like this one,”
said Ronald A. Cass, a former law
professor and vice chairman of
the International Trade Commis-
sion, who is now a legal consult-
ant. Apple has filed other patent
suits in Japan against Samsung,
including one claiming that the
Korean company copied the
bounce-back effect when a user
scrolls to the end of a list on the
iPhone and iPad. And Apple has
asked for an injunction that
would prevent Samsung from
shipping some Galaxy smart-
phones to Japan. Samsung has
also sued Apple in Japan, as-
serting that both the iPhone and
iPad infringe on Samsung pat-
ents.
In a statement, Samsung Elec-
tronics, based in Suwon, South
Korea, said the ruling had vali-
dated its claims that it had not
copied Apple.
“Samsung has strongly assert-
ed that its technology is altogeth-
er different and does not infringe
on Apple patents. The ruling rec-
ognizes the legitimacy of Sam-
sung’s assertions and is highly
valid,” it said.
Kristin Huguet, an Apple
spokeswoman, declined to com-
ment. Apple hardly needs a lift in Ja-
pan. The iPhone was the top-
selling smartphone there in 2011,
while Samsung’s Galaxy series
trailed in the No.5 spot — behind
smartphones made by Sharp,
Fujitsu and Sony, according to
the MM Research Institute,
based in Tokyo. Globally, howev-
er, Samsung is the largest smart-
phone maker.
But even in Japan, the operat-
ing system most commonly used
by Samsung and other smart-
phone makers, Android from
Google, has grown steadily, pos-
ing a challenge to Apple. Android
captured 58 percent of the Japa-
nese market in the first quarter
of 2012, compared with the 38 per-
cent market share claimed by
Apple’s mobile operating system,
iOS, according to the research
firm Nielsen.
Many analysts see Apple’s
suits against Samsung as a proxy
battle against Google and An-
droid, which Apple has called a
copy of iOS.
The patent war between Apple
and Google has set off a debate
about the future of technological
innovation — one that has inten-
sified since the jury in California
ruled in Apple’s favor. The jury
said Samsung smartphone and
tablet products violated Apple’s
patents protecting designs and
functions, including the rectangu-
lar shape and rounded edges of
the iPhone.
Some experts say such rulings
will force smartphone makers to
focus on innovating rather than
copying, while others say design-
ers could now be stifled by the
need to constantly second-guess
whether new designs or func-
tions violate other companies’
patents.
Meanwhile, Japanese electron-
ics makers have figured little in
the smartphone patent wars, un-
derscoring how negligible a
threat they now pose to either
Apple or Samsung in the sector.
Samsung, the world’s largest
seller of smartphones, and Apple,
the world’s second-largest, to-
gether control a little more than
50 percent of the global smart-
phone market, the research firm
Strategy Analytics has said.
Japanese smartphone makers
like Sharp and Fujitsu, on the oth-
er hand, have little presence be-
yond Japan’s shores.
Samsung Wins a Patent Case in Japan
From First Business Page
TOMOHIRO OHSUMI/BLOOMBERG NEWS
IPhones and Samsung Galaxy phones in Tokyo. Apple’s victory
in a California court last week was not seconded in Japan. Hiroko Tabuchi reported from To-
kyo and Nick Wingfield from Se-
attle. N
B3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By RAPHAEL MINDER
MADRID — The Spanish gov-
ernment on Friday approved the
creation of a so-called bad bank,
helping to clear the way for Ma-
drid to receive European aid to
prop up the country’s troubled
banking industry.The bad bank
will absorb the worst-performing
real estate assets held by Spanish
financial institutions.
Madrid approved the plan in
order to allow Spanish banks to
receive money from the 100 bil-
lion euro, or $126 billion, reserve
that European finance ministers
have created. The government
also hopes to restore market con-
fidence in the country’s banking
system.
Underscoring the problems,
Spain’s bank rescue fund said on
Friday that it would immediately
inject cash into Bankia, a giant
mortgage lender that was nation-
alized in May,after it announced
losses of 4.4 billion euros, or $5.6
billion,in the first half of the year.
The rescue fund, called the Fund
for the Orderly Restructuring of
Banks, did not detail the amount
of the aid but said it was an ad-
vance on the money from the Eu-
ropean reserve.
Spanish banks have had prob-
lems borrowing money even as
depositors withdraw cash at a
rising pace and move it to foreign
banks. The Bank of Spain re-
ported on Friday that the country
had sustained a net capital out-
flow of 56.6 billion euros in June,
up 40 percent from May. That
raised the capital outflow in the
first half of this year to 220 billion
euros, which is equivalent to
about a fifth of Spain’s gross do-
mestic product.
The banking changes were
adopted by decree on Friday by
the cabinet of the Spanish prime
minister, Mariano Rajoy. The
changes also give the rescue fund
much greater powers to revamp
rescued banks, as well as to limit
the salaries of their top execu-
tives. Under the new rules, annu-
al salaries will be capped at
500,000 euros for senior manage-
ment as well as directors of res-
cued banks.
In the last two years, some of
the directors of collapsed savings
banks have walked away with
multimillion-euro compensation
packages, adding to the public’s
anger.
And yet, other details of the
banking overhaul still must be
worked out. One open question is
what value will be assigned to the
assets that banks are now ex-
pected to transfer to the bad bank
before the end of the year. Span-
ish banks hold property loans
worth about 180 billion euros that
are in or near default.
But the Spanish economy min-
ister, Luis de Guindos,voiced
confidence on Friday that the bad
bank would be able to sell the
problem real estate assets within
15 years. “The assets that will be
transferred will not be that bad,”
he said at a news conference.
Another sticking point has
been how to revalue the subordi-
nated debt issued by banks,
which in effect will determine
how much of the banks’ losses
should be assumed by investors.
In recent months, this issue has
led to courtroom battles as well
as widespread street protests in
Spain because banks sold to thou-
sands of consumer clients so-
called preference shares whose
values have plunged amid the
euro zone’s debt crisis.
The next chapter in Spain’s
banking saga is expected in mid-
September, when the govern-
ment will receive a final assess-
ment by Oliver Wyman,a finan-
cial consulting firm, on how much
additional capital Spanish banks
will need to maintain safe re-
serves.
That assessment, based on au-
dits by four other accounting
firms, will help determine how
much Madrid will request from
the 100 billion euros of European
rescue money.
The bank rescue fund will also
be able to liquidate any failed
bank deemed to pose a threat to
the stability of the financial sys-
tem.In addition, the bank fund
will be responsible for replen-
ishing another state fund for
guaranteeing deposits, since un-
der existing Spanish law, account
holders are guaranteed up to
100,000 euros even if their bank
collapses. But that fund has al-
ready been depleted.
The Spanish banking crisis
peaked in May when Bankia was
nationalized and its new board
asked for 19 billion euros of addi-
tional capital, on top of the 4.5 bil-
lion euro bailout it had already
received from the Spanish gov-
ernment.
Spain has remained in invest-
ors’ line of fire over concerns
about whether the government
itself might soon need rescue
money from Europe because of a
deepening recession and the
weakening finances of the coun-
try’s 17 semiautonomous regions. This last week, the two most in-
debted regions, Catalonia and Va-
lencia, requested emergency aid
from Madrid to meet their debt
refinancing obligations and pay
suppliers of health and other bas-
ic services.
Spain O.K.’s ‘Bad Bank’ To Rescue an Industry
PAUL HANNA/REUTERS
Spain’s economy minister, Luis de Guindos, voiced confidence on Friday in the “bad bank” plan.
Clearing the way to
receiving aid from a
European fund.
By JAMES KANTER
BRUSSELS — The European
Commission insisted on Friday
that the 6,000 banks in the euro
area be centrally supervised to
prevent future financial crises,
even though leading German pol-
iticians expressed skepticism
about the breadth of the plan. The proposal, which the com-
mission said it would formally
present on Sept. 12, is expected to
give the European Central Bank
the power to withdraw banking li-
censes and order other adjust-
ments, representing a sharp turn
away from national controls. The
proposal stops short of allowing
the central bank to wind down
problem banks, leaving that func-
tion to national regulators. One of the policy’s main ob-
jectives is to curb the ability of in-
dividual countries to prop up fail-
ing banks or conceal problems,
ideally improving the stability of
the broader euro zone. The changes are an “opportu-
nity for euro zone leaders to show
the world that they are drawing
lessons from the crisis and can
streamline their supervisory
structures,” Karel Lannoo,chief
executive of the Center for Euro-
pean Policy Studies,wrote in a
commentary published on Fri-
day. But some Germans are highly
sensitive about giving up author-
ity over their large public bank-
ing system, which is partly con-
trolled by states, districts and cit-
ies, and that has cast some
doubts over the goal of turning
the proposal into European law
by the year’s end. Klaus-Peter Flosbach,finance
policy spokesman for the parlia-
mentary group of the ruling par-
ty in Germany, the Christian
Democrats, told the daily news-
paper Süddeutsche Zeitung that
it was “completely wrong” for
the European Central Bank to
regulate the hundreds of German
savings banks, called Sparkas-
sen. Germany’s regional banks,
or Landesbanken,were severely
hit by the financial crisis in 2008
and 2009. Writing in The Financial
Times, the German finance min-
ister, Wolfgang Schäuble,said su-
pervision should focus only on
those banks that could pose a
threat to the entire European fi-
nancial system, while some cen-
tral policy makers at Germany’s
central bank, the Bundesbank,
have expressed wariness about
expanding the European bank’s
powers. Even so, the commission held
firm on Friday. “We have seen
over the past period so-called
nonsystemic banks popping up
and posing systemic risks, so for
the situation that we face,it is im-
portant that we have a large cov-
erage and an ambitious pro-
posal,” said Stefaan de Rynck, a
spokesman for Michel Barnier,
the European commissioner for
the internal market. Mr. de Rynck said rules on the
winding down of banks, including
the sale of assets, would remain
— for now, at least — the respon-
sibility of national banking su-
pervisors, as would other tasks
like consumer protection. The commission plans to put
most big euro area banks under
E.C.B. supervision by the middle
of next year and to bring in the
remaining lenders by early 2014,
said European officials, who
spoke on condition of anonymity
because the proposal was still be-
ing completed. The proposal would also mod-
ify the way an existing Pan-Euro-
pean agency, the European Bank-
ing Authority,operates to enable
countries like Britain that do not
use the euro to shape decisions,
though the specifics of how that
would be achieved have not yet
been decided, the officials said. The proposals had been ex-
pected on Sept. 11, but were
pushed back by a day to allow
José Manuel Barroso,the presi-
dent of the commission, to
present them in his annual State
of the Union speech to the Euro-
pean Parliament. By beefing up supervision un-
der the auspices of the central
bank, one of the few European in-
stitutions to emerge from the cri-
sis with its reputation intact, the
commission is seeking to end the
so-called doom loop, where mem-
ber states rack up enormous
debts by bailing out their banks. The commission is also re-
sponding to a call made at a sum-
mit meeting in June by the Ger-
man chancellor, Angela Merkel,
and other leaders to give the cen-
tral bank a leading role in bank-
ing supervision as a precondition
for using European bailout funds
to make direct injections into
troubled banks, a request from
Spain. To Curb Abuses, Europe Pushes for Centralized Supervision of Banks
JOHANNES EISELE/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
Angela Merkel, the chancellor, and Wolfgang Schäuble, the finance minister, at a German Parliament meeting in Berlin this July.
By ANDREW POLLACK
Two lawsuits that accused the
president of the Memorial Sloan-
Kettering Cancer Center of ab-
sconding with groundbreaking
research from the University of
Pennsylvania to start a biotech-
nology company have been set-
tled. As part of the settlement, the
biotechnology company, Agios
Pharmaceuticals, entered into a
licensing agreement covering
certain intellectual property with
the University of Pennsylvania,
according to a news release is-
sued late Friday by Agios and
Penn. Both lawsuits will be dismissed
in their entirety, according to a
second news release from all the
parties involved. Other terms of
the agreement were confidential.
Various people involved in the
matter did not return calls or de-
clined to comment on Friday. The lawsuits essentially ac-
cused Dr. Craig B. Thompson,
who worked at the University of
Pennsylvania before becoming
president of Sloan-Kettering in
2010, of hiding his use of the re-
search he conducted at Penn to
help start Agios. The first lawsuit was filed in
December in Federal District
Court in New York by the Leon-
ard and Madlyn Abramson Fam-
ily Cancer Research Institute,
which is at Penn but is a separate
legal entity. Penn itself then filed a lawsuit,
with somewhat different specific
accusations, in the same court in
February. The plaintiffs said that Dr.
Thompson’s actions deprived
them of their share of any returns
from Agios. The Abramson insti-
tute said damages could exceed
$1 billion while Penn said dam-
ages could exceed $100 million.
Dr. Thompson, through a state-
ment issued after the first lawsuit
was filed, denied the accusations.
His lawyer, Allan J. Arffa,did not
respond to a phone message and
e-mail seeking comment Friday
afternoon. Sloan-Kettering has main-
tained that it is a private matter
affecting Dr. Thompson, though
the accusations have clearly been
somewhat embarrassing for the
prestigious Manhattan cancer
center. Both lawsuits also named
Agios and one of them named
Celgene, a big biotechnology
company that invested in Agios. Agios, a privately held compa-
ny in Cambridge, Mass., was
started in 2007 by Dr. Thompson
and two other scientists,who did
not come from Penn. The compa-
ny is working on new ways to
treat cancer by affecting the me-
tabolism of tumor cells, how they
use sugar and other nutrients to
make energy and material. The news release on Friday
said Agios and Penn had entered
into a licensing agreement in-
volving new intellectual property
focused on the development of di-
agnostic products to detect the
metabolism of certain cancers. “The collaboration could result
in significant benefits to cancer
patients,as well as financial
benefits to Agios, Penn and the
Abramson Family Cancer Re-
search Institute,’’ the news re-
lease said. The language of the news re-
lease suggests that Penn and the
Abramson research institute will
not receive a big payment imme-
diately, only if diagnostic tests
are developed and sold. The lawsuits reflect the impor-
tance that universities place on
capitalizing on the research con-
ducted on their campuses. Suits That Accused Sloan-Kettering Chief of Stealing Research Are Settled
A challenge to the
founding of a biotech
company.
By ANDREW POLLACK
The Food and Drug Adminis-
tration approved a new life-pro-
longing drug for men with late-
stage prostate cancer on Friday,
adding to an increasingly crowd-
ed field. The new drug, which will be
called Xtandi, was developed by
Medivation, a small San Francis-
co pharmaceutical company, in
partnership with the Japanese
firm Astellas Pharma. In clinical trials, men who re-
ceived the drug, which was previ-
ously known as MDV3100, lived a
median of 18.4 months, nearly
five months longer than the me-
dian of 13.6 months for those who
received a placebo. While the approval was not a
surprise, its timing was. The
F.D.A. approved the drug after
only a three-month review, three
months ahead of the deadline in
late November. This is fairly
rare, although a number of other
cancer drugs have been ap-
proved at least a month ahead of
deadline in recent years. “The need for additional treat-
ment options for advanced pros-
tate cancer continues to be im-
portant,” Dr. Richard Pazdur, the
director of the agency’s cancer
drug office, said in a statement. Xtandi is one of several new
prostate cancer drugs that have
come to market in the last two
years after a long fallow period.
While the new drugs have been
good for men with the disease,
they could add billions of dollars
to the nation’s medical bills. Xtandi will cost $7,450 a month,
Medivation said. That is higher
than some analysts had expect-
ed. Before 2004, the only drug
shown to prolong the survival of
men with advanced prostate can-
cer was the chemotherapy drug
docetaxel. Now there are four
others on the market — Jevtana
from Sanofi, Provenge from Den-
dreon, Zytiga from Johnson &
Johnson and Xtandi, which is
known generically as enzaluta-
mide. Xtandi is expected to compete
most directly with Zytiga. Both
are pills, while the other drugs
are given intravenously. And
both are aimed at the same pa-
tient population — men whose
cancer has spread elsewhere in
the body or recurred despite
treatment aimed at suppressing
production of the hormone tes-
tosterone, which fuels prostate
cancer growth. Both drugs are approved for
men who have already tried
docetaxel, though both Mediva-
tion and Johnson & Johnson hope
to eventually win approval for
their drugs to be used before
docetaxel, a potentially much
larger market. Many patients
would prefer to use the pills be-
fore having to try chemotherapy. Zytiga prolonged median sur-
vival by 3.9 months, as initially
reported, though Johnson &
Johnson later updated that figure
to 4.6 months. Zytiga, which was
approved in April 2011, had
worldwide sales of $432 million in
the first six months of this year. Xtandi and Zytiga have not
been compared head-to-head in a
clinical trial. But some analysts
say Xtandi would have an edge
because it does not have to be
given with prednisone, a steroid,
to minimize side effects, as Zyti-
ga does. Xtandi has its own side effects,
however, the most worrisome be-
ing seizures, which were suffered
by about 1 percent of men taking
it in the clinical trial. There are expected to be about
241,000 new cases of prostate can-
cer this year in the United States
and about 28,000 deaths. Many men are treated with
drugs like Lupron that, in effect,
induce a chemical castration,
suppressing production of testos-
terone. But the cancers can even-
tually become resistant to castra-
tion therapy. Xtandi works by blocking the
downstream effects of the action
of testosterone, rather than by
turning off its production. It is the first product to reach
the market for Medivation. The
company previously developed
an old Russian antihistamine as a
potential treatment for Alzheim-
er’s disease, signing a big part-
nership with Pfizer. But that drug
failed in late-stage clinical trials. Shares of Medivation closed at
$104.86 Friday, up nearly 8 per-
cent. The share price is about six
times as high as it was before
Medivation announced the re-
sults of its clinical trial last No-
vember.
New Drug
For Prostate Cancer Gets
F.D.A. Nod
The drug extended
patients’ lives by
almost five months.
B4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Penny Rounded, Penny Lost?
My children are fans of the food at Chipotle Mexican Grill. So I was
intrigued when I read about a policy that the chain uses in some loca-
tions: rounding of receipt totals. The Consumerist recently riffed on a column in The Star-Ledger,
which reported on Chipotle’s practice of rounding the change in re-
ceipt totals for cash transactions at some restaurants. A Chipotle
spokesman,Chris Arnold,told me that the chain used rounding in a
few “high volume” markets,including New York, New Jersey and
some Boston locations, to reduce the time cashiers spend doling out
pennies to keep lines moving. The total, he said, was initially rounded
either up or down, to the “nearest nickel.” For most customers, he
said, “I think generally it’s been a nonissue.”
But a few penny-pinchers did gripe. One customer who objected
sent his receipts to The Star-Ledger for review. One example: Nine
items added up to $32.93. There was $2.31 in tax. The total should have
been $35.24, but the “total” line on the receipt said $35.25. So now, Mr. Arnold said, the chain is only rounding down. (Also, re-
ceipts should now have a line showing the impact of the rounding
math.) ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS The penny should be taken out of circulation altogether.
Many countries have done that, and rounding is the rule. Heck, the
nickel and dime should probably go as well.I don’t know if this means
that I have too much money, but I’ve mostly given up on coins altogeth-
er. Whenever I get change as coins, if there is a tip jar or donation jar I
will always put all the coins there, even if it’s 99 cents after buying a
$1.01 item.— Bob, New York
This has been the practice at U.S.military exchanges overseas for
over 30 years now: “If the last digit of the total purchase ends in three,
four, six, or seven, your purchase will be rounded to the nearest nickel.
If the last digit of the total purchase ends in one, two, eight or nine, your
total purchase will be rounded to the nearest dime. This is a break-even
policy we believe is fair and equitable.”
— TK, other side of the planet
I think it is reasonable as part of a marketing strategy. I would like to
see some sort of disclosure on the menu that the price listed will change
because of the rounding policy.— Tricia, Washington State
If losing a penny is that big a deal, then you probably wouldn’t be
eating out anyway. If you’re that fiscally careful, make your own beans
and tortilla. I don’t mind getting the pennies back, but wouldn’t miss it
either.— M Swede, Northport, N.Y.
Not Retiring,
Not by Choice
More than a third of adults
near retirement age — 35 per-
cent — said last year that they
simply did not expect to retire.
That was up from 29 percent two
years earlier.
More than four in 10 of these
“pre-retirees” who don’t expect
to retire say it is because they
are financially unable to do so.
They cite the need for extra in-
come and employer benefits as
the main reasons.
Those were among the find-
ings of a recent report from the
Society of Actuaries.The survey
was done for the society by
MathewGreenwald & Associ-
ates and the Employee Benefit
Research Institute in July 2011,
using telephone interviews of
1,600 adults ages 45 to 80. Half
were retirees and half were pre-
retirees who were still working.
The margin of sampling error
for the survey was plus or minus
4 percentage points.
The findings suggest that
Americans need to reset their
expectations about how long
they can work. While many pre-
retirees expect to continue to
work well past traditional retire-
ment age, that may be wishful
thinking — or an excuse for not
saving and preparing, the report
says. The reality is that many
people retire earlier than they
expect, whether because they
lose their jobs, or because of fail-
ing health.
ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
I’m 50.I have a pen-
sion (woo hoo!) and higher-than-
average retirement savings.
Nonetheless, I expect retirement
years to be quite austere. My re-
tirement planning involves con-
templating how little I can live
on. I spend much time thinking
about the spending side of retire-
ment as I do thinking about the
income side.And money aside,
access to health care is a huge
consideration. No Medicare until
67? We need to lower the age at
which people can gain eligibility
for Medicare, not raise it.
— Princegeorges, Prince George’s County, Md.
Does losing your job and not
being able to find a new one, or
losing your job because you are
so sick you cannot work,count as
“retiring”?I always thought of
“retirement” as a voluntary ac-
tion — being forced out of work is
something else altogether.
— bignybugs, New York
The FICO
Tower of Babel
As a consumer, you hear a lot
about the importance of main-
taining a good credit score. Most
often, that means your FICO
score — the score developed by
the company of the same name to
help lenders evaluate the credit-
worthiness of a potential borrow-
er. But it probably makes more
sense to talk about your credit
scores, plural.
That’s because other outfits
produce credit scores, too, and
FICO itself has many different
varieties of scores, depending on
the type of loan you’re seeking.
John Ulzheimer, a credit expert,
has worked with Creditsesame-
.com to create an infographic
showing a total of 49 different
versions of your credit score un-
der the FICO umbrella.
Why so many?
FICO created the basic formula
— the general-purpose FICO, if
you will — that is used to crunch
consumer credit data for all loan
types. Credit data is collected by
the three major credit bureaus
(Equifax, Experian and Trans-
Union) and analyzed by FICO to
create a single, three-digit score.
So there are three versions of the
basic score, just for starters.
But FICO also has other ver-
sions, customized for the type of
loan in question — say, an auto-
mobile loan, a mortgage or a
credit card. Each is also offered
by the credit bureaus, under their
own brands. And each version
may have multiple releases, as
FICO’s formula for crunching the
data is updated. So you can see
how the versions pretty quickly
add up to nearly 50.
All this can be confusing. But
the point to keep in mind, Mr.
Ulzheimer says, is that the same
general principle applies to keep-
ing your scores attractive to lend-
ers: Pay your bills on time, main-
tain low credit-card balances and
apply for credit only when you
really need it, “not to save 10 per-
cent at the mall,” he said.
ANNCARRNS
COMMENT
I’m perpetually an-
noyed that FICO is able to sell in-
formation about me, but isn’t re-
quired to disclose that informa-
tion to me. In fact, I can’t get it
even if I want it. I don’t care that
they are putting my information
through a “formula” to calculate
my score. It’s my information!
This is where we need Congress to
regulate. — Allison, Brooklyn
JOE RAEDLE/GETTY IMAGES
By Reuters
Three former UBS executives
were convicted on Friday of con-
spiring to deceive American cit-
ies and towns by rigging bids to
invest municipal bond proceeds.
The verdict was returned by a
federal jury in Manhattan and
was the latest victory for the Jus-
tice Department in its broad in-
vestigation of the $3.7 trillion mu-
nicipal bond market. The investi-
gation touched some of the
world’s largest banks.
The three defendants, Peter
Ghavami, Gary Heinz and Mi-
chael Welty, were charged in 2010
as part of an investigation of
schemes to fix prices and rig bids
on bond transactions. The former
bankers denied wrongdoing and
said government witnesses had
lied to ensnare them.
Each defendant was found
guilty on two counts of conspir-
acy. The jury also convicted Mr.
Heinz and Mr. Welty on other
charges, but found Mr. Welty not
guilty on one wire-fraud count,
and Mr. Heinz not guilty of wit-
ness tampering. Mr. Heinz was
the only one of the three to face
that charge.
Mr. Ghavami, a Belgian na-
tional, left UBS in 2007 as global
head of commodities. Both Mr.
Heinz, of Jersey City, and Mr.
Welty, of New York, worked on
UBS’s municipal bond reinvest-
ment and derivatives desk at the
time of the suspected offenses.
The two conspiracy charges in-
volved rigging bids in 2001 and
2002 for guaranteed investment
contracts, which cities and coun-
ties use to park proceeds from
municipal bond sales.
The conspiracy charges carry
a maximum of five years in pris-
on each. No sentencing date has
been set.
Charles Stillman, a lawyer for
Mr. Ghavami, told reporters:
“We are obviously disappointed
with the verdict. We are looking
forward to an appeal.“
Lawyers for the other two de-
fendants declined to comment.
Mr.Stillman told the jury in his
closing arguments this week that
his client “did nothing more than
his job entirely in good faith and
that he never intended to and
never did cheat a municipality,
the Internal Revenue Service,
anyone.”
During the trial, the jury heard
from government witnesses who
pleaded guilty to similar crimes
and agreed to testify against the
defendants, and heard audio re-
cordings of conversations be-
tween the bankers.
“It was fraud, plain and simple.
It involved greed, deception and
betrayal,” the prosecutor,John
Van Lonkhuyzen,said in his clos-
ing statement to the jury on Aug.
27.The jury began deciding the
case Wednesday afternoon. The
trial began on July 30.
The case is USA v. Peter Gha-
vami et al, United States District
Court for the Southern District of
New York, No. 10-cr-1217.
3 Ex-UBS Bankers Found Guilty of Rigging Bids A federal jury finds
manipulation in
municipal bonds.
By The Associated Press
American Airlines and US Air-
ways said on Friday that they
had started confidential merger
talks, bringing them one step
closer to a possible merger.
“It does not mean we are
merging — it simply means we
have agreed to work together to
discuss and analyze a potential
merger,” US Airways’ chief exec-
utive,W. Douglas Parker,said in
a letter to employees Friday.
Such a merger would put the
combined airline on par with the
world’s largest,United Continen-
tal Holdings,and the slightly
smaller Delta Air Lines. The
merged entity’s position as the
No.1 or No.2 airline in the world,
based on how many miles its pas-
sengers fly, would depend on how
many routes antitrust regulators
forced the combined airline to
abandon.
Many industry experts say the
only way American and US Air-
ways can compete with larger ri-
vals is by merging their
strengths. US Airways would
gain American’s lucrative inter-
national routes,while American’s
larger hubs would be fed pas-
sengers from US Airways’ net-
work in smaller cities across the
nation.
For passengers, a merger
would have no immediate impact.
But a year or two into the combi-
nation, changes would ramp up:
Frequent-flier programs would
merge, fares could rise, planes
would take on American Airlines’
colors and glitches could surface
as the airlines’ reservation sys-
tems integrated.
Mr. Parker has been pushing
for a merger since American’s
parent company, the AMR Corpo-
ration, entered Chapter 11 bank-
ruptcy protection on Nov. 29.
American Airlines’ chief execu-
tive, Thomas W.Horton,has said
his airline is weighing several op-
tions, including remaining inde-
pendent or merging with one of
several airlines, including the US
Airways Group.
One wild card is British Air-
ways’ parent company, the In-
ternational Consolidated Airlines
Group, which confirmed on Fri-
day that it,too,had signed a non-
disclosure agreement with Amer-
ican. Foreign investors are pro-
hibited from owning more than 25
percent of a United States airline,
but a cash infusion from British
Airways could help American re-
main independent or give Mr.
Horton enough leverage for his
leadership team to call the shots
in a merger with US Airways.
American Airlines and US Airways Enter Merger Talks KEVIN LAMARQUE/REUTERS
A combined US Airways and American Airlines would be on
par with the world’s largest, United Continental Holdings.
chief executive of DoubleClick,
the digital advertising company
that Google bought for $3.1 billion
in 2007. “He doesn’t fit into the Valley
mold as much, but he’s definitely
one of the most prominent people
here,” said Chris Dixon, a New
York tech investor and entrepre-
neur.“He went off and did this
thing that entrepreneurs fanta-
size about, starting multiple com-
panies and having them be really
successful.” Other veteran entrepreneurs
are doing variations on the idea
of a factory for start-ups, includ-
ing Evan Williams and Biz Stone,
two of Twitter’s founders,who
now run a start-up lab called Ob-
vious, and Craig Walker, who de-
veloped the technology that be-
came Google Voice and now runs
Firespotter Labs.Kevin Rose, co-
founder of Digg,started a similar
company called Milk before join-
ing Google in March. Mr. Ryan compares his formu-
la to dating — try out a bunch of
start-ups and see what sticks. He
and Mr. Merriman started the
companies and then hired people
to run them when they began to
take off. In the case of Gilt, Mr.
Ryan hired Alexis Maybank and
Alexandra Wilkis Wilson as co-
founders,then returned to run it
himself once it became big.
He now spends most of his
time at Gilt but splits 10 percent
of it between Business Insider,
where he is chairman, and 10gen,
where he is a board member. Mr.
Merriman is chief executive of
10gen. Two other AlleyCorp compa-
nies, ShopWiki for comparison
shopping and Panther Express
for delivering content over the
Web, were acquired,but not at
prices high enough to make the
deals profitable. Mr. Ryan’s ideas are not novel.
He borrowed the idea of flash
sales at Gilt from vente-
privee.com, a flash-sale site in
France. Business Insider fol-
lowed blog networks like Gawker
Media,and 10gen’s software is
similar to Oracle’s MySQL. “Hardly anything is a really
brand-new idea on a global
scale,” Mr. Ryan said. “What
makes companies successful is a
different version of something.” He considers his greatest skill
to be hiring the right people. And
increasingly, those people are in
New York instead of the Bay
Area. When tech meant only hard-
ware and chips, Silicon Valley,
home to Stanford’s computer sci-
ence department and large
swaths of land for big factories,
was the obvious epicenter. But to-
day, a new tech company is more
likely to be in retail, media or ad-
vertising — all industries based
in New York. “If you want financial journal-
ists, the reality is there are more
in New York,” Mr. Ryan said. “If
you want people who know fash-
ion, there’s got to be 10 times
more in New York. If you want to
be selling to ad agencies, you’re
in New York.” He added, “You’re already see-
ing huge sectors of the Internet
dominate in New York, not com-
peting with San Francisco but
dominating.” Mr. Ryan does not venture to
Silicon Valley very often, mostly
because he says it is not relevant
to his businesses, even for raising
money, which he said had
changed since the first tech boom
in the 1990s. Of the 16 rounds of financing he
has raised for his companies in
the last five years, just two came
from a West Coast venture cap-
ital firm, Sequoia Capital. If he did show up in Silicon Val-
ley, he would certainly stand out.
Unlike founders in the mold of
Mark Zuckerberg, Mr. Ryan, 48,
is married with three children in
junior high and high school. Then
there are his suits. The Internet
world in New York is slightly
more formal, he said, and the val-
ley’s hoodies and jeans would not
fly at New York cocktail parties. “For me, the jacket, tie-less
look goes anywhere,” he said.
Also, unlike most tech entrepre-
neurs, Mr. Ryan does not know
how to write software code. Mr.
Merriman, who was co-founder
and chief technology officer at
DoubleClick, provided the tech-
nical brains for the companies,
Mr. Ryan said. His ambition extends to his
personal life. He trains for triath-
lons and plays competitive table
tennis (people who work at Gilt
warn new employees to stay
away from Mr. Ryan at the table).
There is also his borderline ob-
session with Halloween. A couple
of years ago he dressed up as a
flash sale, wearing no pants and
a flasher’s overcoat that he
opened to display pictures of
things Gilt offers, like watches,
underwear and stays at a Paris
hotel. After spending a few years on
Wall Street and working in fi-
nance and operations at Disney,
Mr. Ryan landed at United Media
when the Internet was taking off.
In 1995 he started the Dilbert
Web site, which took off quickly
because early users of the Web
were often Dilbert fans. “When I was here in 1996, ev-
eryone was asking me, ‘Why are-
n’t you in San Francisco? Why
aren’t you in Boston?’” Mr. Ryan
said. “Today, no one asks that.” LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Kevin Ryan is the chief executive of Gilt, chairman of Business Insider and a board member of 10gen, all AlleyCorp start-ups.
AlleyCorp Churns Out Grab Bag of Tech Companies
Tapping the city’s big
financial, media and
advertising markets.
From First Business Page
Ø
N
B5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
PERSONAL BUSINESS By PAUL SULLIVAN
I
HAVE spent many Labor Day
weekends in Edgartown, Mass., on
Martha’s Vineyard, and one of my
favorite activities is looking at the
yachts bobbing in the harbor while eat-
ing a lobster roll. The smaller ones remind me of the
30-foot Sea Ray that I used to own and
still dream of owning again. But like
most people, I gawk at the giant yachts,
moored in the prime spots on the harbor
and wonder who owns them. Boats, like all luxury assets, lost a lot
of value during the financial downturn,
and demand for even the big ones dried
up. But recently,I’ve been hearing that
yacht prices have bottomed out and de-
mand is picking up. And I started wondering how people
were thinking about the expenses of
yachts, perhaps second only to private
jets in my personal calculus of expen-
sive indulgences. After all, it must cost a
small fortune to run a grand yacht, from
fuel to insurance to crew. But I also
wondered if there were any tricks to
saving a bit of money here and there
that could help the more modest boat-
ing enthusiast. Of course, true boaters don’t ride the
high seas with calculators next to their
cocktails. “When we’re cruising and
burning 100 gallons of fuel an hour, I
don’t think it’s costing me $300 an
hour,” said Bob Schmetterer,the former
chairman and chief executive of Euro
RSCG Worldwide, the giant advertising
and marketing company, referring to
his 80-foot Marlow Explorer. (It holds
3,000 gallons, and he was moored
aboard it in Maine when we spoke.)
He told me that his yacht, named Blue
Moon, was the culmination of years of
trading up. He started with a 17-foot
boat and went to 22, 27, 38 and 51 feet.In
2006, when he retired, he bought the
Marlow. It cost $3.5 million. “It’s a great joy to spend time on her,”
he said. “One of the things we’re fortu-
nate about is my wife and I equally love
the boat and the yachting lifestyle. We
know a few other couples like that, but
more often one of them really loves it,
and it’s a tricky balance.”
Mr. Schmetterer was lucky in his
choice of spouse, but he was wise in
gradually buying bigger boats. Many
first-time enthusiasts rush to buy the
biggest boat they can afford, something
that experts say is at risk of happening
even more now with prices relatively
low. “We’ve seen a substantial deflation of
hull values, whether it’s the $50 million
yacht or the $2 million yacht,” said Sean
Blue, head of global watercraft at Char-
tis, the insurance company. “New buy-
ers who are coming on the scene are
benefiting by getting a lot of yacht for
the money.”
That has several risks, though. For
one, it instills a discount mentality. Mr.
Blue’s concerns are naturally with in-
surance: value-minded buyers may
look for the cheapest insurer and be dis-
appointed if they have to make a claim. Repairing or replacing the engines,
for example, costs the same whether
you bought the boat new or used. Mr.
Blue used the example of my old Sea
Ray. It had two engines,and each one
would have cost about $15,000 to re-
place. Some insurers would pay this
amount in a claim; others would depre-
ciate the value of the engines based on
how old they were. Either way, the own-
er needs to come up with $15,000 if he
wants his boat to run again.
Not surprisingly, the buying risks in-
crease with more expensive boats. At
the height of the market, buyers were
doing whatever they could to move up
on the long waiting lists for
megayachts, which can take three years
to build. Now,with fewer boats built
over the last three or four years, buyers
need to make sure that the builder is fi-
nancially sound, exactly because it
takes years to build a large yacht. Ron Gong, co-head of the Palo Alto,
Calif.,office at Harris myCFO,a wealth
management firm,said he advised cli-
ents buying megayachts to use escrow
accounts where both parties need to
agree to release payments. “You need
to have a trusted, informed person such
as the yacht architect or a knowledge-
able builders’ representative to meas-
ure progress and determine if the work
invoiced has been completed,” he said.
Another risk is that you buy the
wrong boat for the waters where you
want to cruise. Jeff Vrana,who oversees
one man’s five yachts, the largest of
which is a 192-foot Lurssen called Ronin,
said new buyers might not understand
that there are specific yachts for the Ba-
hamas, for example, where the waters
are shallower, and the Caribbean, where
they are deeper. Mr. Vrana said he would also encour-
age people to buy a smaller yacht until
they understood the real costs of own-
ing a boat. “When you have money to
burn and don’t mind writing checks for
$1 million a month,then buy that 190-
footer,” he said. When he takes Ronin to Germany
from Florida for service this fall, it will
cost 180,000 euros in fuel one way and 3
million euros for maintenance work.
The cost will definitely be lower for
someone with a smaller yacht, but it is
relative to the boat’s value. Mr. Schmet-
terer says he has a computer program
for Blue Moon that tracks the service
the yacht needs based on the number of
hours the engines are run.
“Boats have complicated systems,
and they’re exposed to salt and hard
waves,” he said. And this means the
yacht owner has to be vigilant about
what may break down and prepared for
what can happen.
On the largest yachts, a big issue is
the crew. Selecting the captain and the
chief engineer (who maintains the sys-
tems) is crucial. Mr. Vrana, a chief engi-
neer by training, said picking the right
ones could reduce annual expenses. The
most common measure of a boat’s cost
is 10 percent of its value per year, but he
said the expenses on the five-yacht fleet
he managed were around 6 to 8 percent.
Given that he has 27 crewmembers, it
shows just how expensive having a
mini-fleet can be. One easy way a crew can save money
is by having a fuel strategy. Ronin holds
30,000 gallons.So knowing where to buy
fuel that is 10 cents a gallon cheaper will
quickly add up. Likewise, a captain and
engineer with a good safety record can
reduce insurance costs. But the area that even big owners
overlook is Internet usage on board. At
as much as $8 per megabyte of data, the
cost for a weekend aboard with the
grandchildren can run $2,000 to $6,000,
Mr. Vrana said. The alternative is an un-
limited plan, but as he put it, that costs
“$5,000 a month to look at Google.”
Knowing all of these expenses and
more, why would anyone buy a boat in
this economy? I asked Scott Moore, a
retired reinsurance executive, who took
up sailing while working in Bermuda in
the 1990s. Now retired and living in Dar-
ien, Conn., he bought a 36-foot Morris
Yacht in the fall of 2006. In June, he trad-
ed up to a new 42-foot Morris, with clas-
sic sailing lines. The extra six feet cost
about $300,000, with a 42-foot Morris
selling for about $750,000.
Mr. Moore put the purchase in the
context of making a choice. He commit-
ted money to a bigger yacht, which he
moors close to his home, because he en-
joys going out with his son. “This is our one real, indulgent thing,
our vacation house,” he said. “It’s a get-
away for me. And it’s 20 minutes away,
not a five-hour slog up 95.”
Ultimately, owning a beautiful boat
has to be about the dream of being on
the water and feeling that you are con-
trolling your destiny, if just for a while. Mr. Schmetterer, too,remains philo-
sophical about expenses. “I’ve thought
for some years that the most important
depreciating asset we have is time,” he
said. “For us, being on Blue Moon gives
us a quality of time of the highest order.”
WEALTH MATTERS
Indulging in a Yacht, but Still Minding the Expenses DOUGLAS HEALEY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Scott Moore of Darien, Conn., above, sailing his 42-foot Morris on Long Is-
land Sound. At left, Bob Schmetterer and his wife, Stacy, beside their yacht,
an 80-foot MarlowExplorer named Blue Moon,in Northeast Harbor, Me.
CRAIG DILGER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
About $42 million in gifts have arrived
since 2008. AllianceBernstein even has
a feature that lets you put money into
someone’s 529 account via a direct debit
from your bank account.
Unfortunately, few new parents regis-
ter or think to ask friends for 529 money,
even my fellow travelers here at The
Times. And even if you know what state
your friends send their 529 money to,
you may not be able to easily send
money there yourself.
I knew Mr. Sullivan had a 529 plan in
Nevada, so I called the plan’s toll-free
number, credit card in hand, hoping that
I could tell the company the child’s
name and deposit some money. But the
phone representative told me that such
a thing was not possible for security
reasons, even though I didn’t need or
want any of the child’s account informa-
tion. In fact, I was prepared to hand
over my own bank account number just
to complete the task.
Why wouldn’t the state let me give
this way? “The last thing we want to do
is not take your money,” said Jeff How-
kins,president of Upromise Invest-
ments, which helps run this particular
plan. “We have looked at how we could
modify it from time to time, but part of
the value proposition we’re selling is
compliance and controls.” So I’m stuck writing a check to the
Nevada plan, pestering the groggy Mr.
Sullivan for his account number, writing
it on the memo line of the check and
then dropping the check in a mailbox.
Considering the rigmarole, you can
see why entrepreneurs at sites like
Gradsave, FiPath, GiftofCollege and
GiveCollege have all piled in to try to
make giving easier. They allow anyone
to give money to anyone else’s plan, no
matter where it is.
I experienced a few hiccups testing
the sites this week, but it’s the 529 in-
dustry’s response to the gifting compa-
nies that seems most noteworthy. In
February, the College Savings Plans
Network, an industry group, issued a
hyperventilating statement accusing
the start-ups of all sorts of things.
The group raised concerns about the
fees the new companies charge, usually
a handful of dollars a gift. I buy GiveCol-
lege’s argument, however, that this is
the rough equivalent of sales tax or
shipping that you’d pay for an alterna-
tive gift.
Then, the 529 network warned that
“these services don’t always have the
best track record of ensuring the appro-
priate contribution is made, leaving it to
you to police your account.”
That sounds an awful lot like an accu-
sation of outright theft. But Mary Anne
Busse, a chairwoman of the group’s le-
gal and regulatory affairs committee,
said that it was only meant to refer to
the fact that two members of the organi-
zation tested the start-ups and that
those tests did not result in the proper
crediting of donations. “We’ll take a
look at our statement and evaluate
whether we want to update that,” she
said. “We’re not suggesting that every
aggregator is taking money or being
careless or negligent.”
That said, it did send a cease-and-de-
sist letter to GiftofCollege questioning
its solicitation of contributions that it di-
rects to 529 plans. The implication —
that the company might be illegally act-
ing as a broker of securities —led the
company’s founder,Wayne Weber,to
temporarily close the site to new gifts
and team up with a brokerage firm to
ensure that regulators could not accuse
him of breaking any rules. “Companies like me, in my opinion,
are not supposed to be the ones deposit-
ing funds into an S.E.C.-regulated fund,”
Mr. Weber said. “I completely shut it
down because I thought, for me, that we
needed to make sure we were staying in
compliance.”
The Securities and Exchange Com-
mission did not want to comment on any
particular company, given that specific
facts can make judgments like this a
close call. But David W. Blass,chief
counsel for the division of trading and
markets, wrote in an e-mail that general-
ly “the hallmark of being a broker-dealer
is the receipt of a commission or other
transaction-based compensation in con-
nection with a securities transaction.”
Oddly, neither the industry group nor
any of its members chose to send a
cease-and-desist letter on this topic to
Gradsave, which is a larger operator.
And Gradsave has a different view of the
law.
Marcos Cordero, the site’s co-founder,
said he believed that its processing fee
was neither a commission nor “transac-
tion-based compensation.” He said that
when Gradsave handed money over to a
529 account, any securities transactions
occurred inside of that account accord-
ing to the wishes of whoever controls it.
“Gradsave is not effecting or participat-
ing in that underlying securities trans-
action,” he added by e-mail.
I had not anticipated starting the
week thinking about baby gifts and end-
ing it with S.E.C.lawyers. And if any
whiff of regulatory uncertainty makes
you uncomfortable, you may be stuck
waiting for the newborn’s parents to
open an account and give you the ac-
count information so you can give di-
rectly.
Still, it’s ultimately for the good that
industry outsiders are making the 529
plans a little uncomfortable. Here’s hop-
ing they respond by making gift-giving
more seamless and convenient.
YOUR MONEY
ÁNGEL FRANCO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Expensive colleges like N.Y.U. could cost more than $100,000 per year by the time todays infants are attending.
While most could only dream of an
indulgence like a yacht, there are
many other ways to make life joyful, and
they cost far less. Offer your suggestions.
nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:PATHS TO JOY
Have you given college money to a
newborn? How did it go over with
the parents? Share your thoughts.
nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:SWADDLED IN GREEN
Helping New Parents Save for College
From First Business Page
B6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
loan, Congress toughened the law again
in 1990 and again in 1998. In 2005, for-
profit companies that lend money to
students persuaded Congress to extend
the same rules to their private loans.
But with each change, lawmakers
never defined what debtors had to do to
prove that their financial hardship was
“undue.” Instead, federal bankruptcy
judges have spent years struggling to
do it themselves. Most have settled on something
called the Brunner test, named after a
case that laid out a three-pronged
standard for judges to use when de-
termining whether they should dis-
charge someone’s student loan debt. It
calls on judges to examine whether
debtors have made a good-faith effort to
repay their debt by trying to find a job,
earning as much as they can and mini-
mizing expenses. Then comes an ex-
amination of a debtor’s budget, with an
allowance for a “minimal” standard of
living that generally does not allow for
much beyond basics like food, shelter
and health insurance, and some inex-
pensive recreation.
The third prong, which looks at a
debtor’s future prospects during the
loan repayment period,has proved to
be especially squirm-inducing for bank-
ruptcy judges because it puts them in
the prediction business. This has only
been complicated by the fact that many
federal judicial circuits have established
the “certainty of hopelessness” test that
Mr. Wallace must pass in Ohio. Lawyers sometimes joke about the
impossibility of getting over this high
bar, even as they stand in front of
judges.“What I say to the judge is that
as long as we’ve got a lottery, there is no
certainty of hopelessness,” said William
Brewer Jr., a bankruptcy attorney in
Raleigh, N.C. “They smile, and then
they rule against you.”
Debtors themselves struggle with
testifying in their undue hardship cases.
Carol Kenner, who spent 18 years work-
ing as a federal bankruptcy judge in
Massachusetts before becoming a law-
yer for the National Consumer Law
Center, said that one particular case
stuck in her mind.
The debtor had a history of hospital-
ization for mental illness but testified
that she did not suffer from depression
at all. “She was so mortified about the
desperation of her situation that she
was committing perjury on the stand,”
Ms. Kenner said. “It just blew me away.
That’s the craziness that this system
brings us to.”
Debtors also stretch the truth in other
directions. In 2008, a federal bankruptcy
judge in the Northern District of Geor-
gia expressed barely disguised disgust
in deciding a case involving a 32-year-
old, Mercedes-driving federal public de-
fender with degrees from Yale and
Georgetown. With nearly $114,000 in to-
tal household income, the woman’s fi-
nancial situation was far from hopeless,
despite her $172,000 in student loan
debt. No one keeps track of how many peo-
ple bring undue hardship cases each
year, but it appears to be under 1,000,
far less than the number of people fail-
ing to make their student loan pay-
ments.In its most recent snapshot of
student loan defaults, the Department
of Education reported that among the
more than 3.6 million borrowers who
entered repayment from Oct. 1, 2008, to
Sept. 30, 2009, more than 320,000 had
fallen behind in their payments by 360
days or more by the end of September
2010.About 10.3 million students and
their parents borrowed money under
the federal student loan program during
the 2010-11 school year.
One reason so few people try to dis-
charge their debt may be that such
cases require an entirely separate legal
process from the normal bankruptcy
proceeding. In addition, those who may
qualify generally lack the money to hire
a lawyer or the pluck to file a suit with-
out one. Nor is the process quick, since the
lender or the federal government often
appeals when it loses.And even if cli-
ents can pay for legal assistance,some
lawyers want nothing to do with undue
hardship cases. That’s the approach
Steven Stanton, a bankruptcy lawyer in
Granite City, Ill., settled on after trying
to help David Whitener, a visually im-
paired man who was receiving Social
Security disability checks.The judge
was not ready to declare him hopeless
and gave him a two-year “window of op-
portunity” to recover from his financial
situation,saying he believed that Mr.
Whitener had the potential to obtain
“meaningful” employment. Mr. Stanton did not see it that way.
“It’s the last one I’ve ever done, be-
cause I was just so horrified,” he said. “I
didn’t even have the client pay me. In
all of the cases in 30 years of bankrupt-
cy work, I came away with about the
worst taste in my mouth that I’ve ever
had.”
Those who do go to court face the
daunting task of arguing against oppo-
nents who specialize in beating back the
bankrupt.
They will often square off against
Educational Credit Management Corpo-
ration,a so-called guaranty agency
sanctioned by the government to handle
a variety of loan-related legal tasks,
from certifying students who are eligi-
ble for loans to fighting them when they
try to discharge the loans in bankruptcy
court. On its Web site, the agency paints a
picture of how much of a long shot an
undue hardship claim is, noting that
people “rarely” succeed in discharging
student loan debt.
Some academic researchers have
come to a different conclusion, however.
Rafael Pardo, a professor at the Emory
University School of Law, and Michelle
Lacey, a math professor at Tulane Uni-
versity, examined 115 legal filings from
the western half of Washington State.
They found that 57 percent of bankrupt
debtors who initiated an undue hard-
ship adversary proceeding were able to
get some or all of their loans dis-
charged.
Jason Iuliano, a Harvard Law School
graduate who is now in a Ph.D. program
in politics at Princeton, examined 207
proceedings that unfolded across the
country. He found that 39 percent re-
ceived full or partial discharges.
His assessment of E.C.M.C.’s view of
the rarity of success? “I think that’s
wrong,” he said. While his sample size
was small and he agrees that it’s not
easy to prove undue hardship and per-
sonal hopelessness, his assessment of
bankruptcy data suggests that as many
as 69,000 more people each year ought
to try to make a case. And they don’t
necessarily need to pay lawyers to ar-
gue for them, as he found no statistical
difference between the outcomes of peo-
ple who hired lawyers and those who
represented themselves. Dan Fisher, E.C.M.C.’s general coun-
sel, said it had no opinion on whether
more borrowers should try to make un-
due hardship claims. As for the “rarely”
language on its Web site, he said the
company stood by its assertion that it
was uncommon for an undue hardship
lawsuit to end in a judgment discharg-
ing the loans in its portfolio.
Sometimes, getting any judgment is a
challenge, as judges may delay a deci-
sion if the case seems too close to call or
there is a possibility that the facts may
change reasonably soon.
Radoje Vujovic, a North Carolina con-
sumer bankruptcy lawyer, for instance,
had more than $280,000 in student loan
debt and just $23,000 in annual income. When Judge A. Thomas Small, a fed-
eral bankruptcy judge in the eastern
district of North Carolina, examined the
case in 2008, he decided to wait two
years before rendering final judgment,
given that Mr. Vujovic thought his law
practice might grow. “Must the cost of
hope be permanent denial of discharge
of debt?” Judge Small asked in his writ-
ten opinion. “The answer to that ques-
tion cannot be an unequivocal ‘yes.’
Hope is not enough to end the inquiry
and, ironically, permanently tip the
scales against a struggling debtor.”
The Department of Education, unhap-
py with the two-year delay, appealed be-
fore the period was up and persuaded a
higher court to overturn the ruling. “I
would stand by my decision,” Judge
Small, who is now retired, said in an in-
terview. “If you’re forced to make that
decision, all you have is speculation,
and speculation is really not good
enough to overcome the burden of
proof.” Getting judges out of the speculation
business, however, would require a new
law or an entirely new standard, pos-
sibly from the United States Supreme
Court.Neither appears likely anytime
soon. In the meantime,Doug Wallace, the
blind man in Ohio, is nearing the end of
his long wait for a ruling. In December 2010, C. Kathryn Pres-
ton, a federal bankruptcy judge in the
southern district of Ohio,tried to assess
Mr. Wallace’s hopelessness by pointing
to expert testimony that blindness does
not necessarily lead to an inability to
ever work again. But she also noted that
because he lived in a rural area, he
faced significant transportation obsta-
cles. So she set a new court date for
Sept.5, to give him “additional time to
adjust to his situation.”
The question for Mr. Wallace then be-
came what sort of adjustments he was
supposed to make aside from a court-
ordered $20 monthly loan payment.His
routine has not changed much. Aside
from hernia surgery a few months ago,
his days consist of sitting close to the
television (he can just make it out
through one eye that still has a bit of vi-
sion) and regular trips to the gym with
his father. His college diploma hangs on
the living room wall, and at night he
sleeps underneath it on the couch of the
rental house he shares with his father
and sister.
Mr. Wallace’s sister, a community col-
lege student, is sometimes around dur-
ing the day while his father works at a
Honda factory.There are few visitors.
“I’ve got friends around here, I’m sure,
but they’ve got lives for themselves,” he
said. “So I don’t really bother them.”
The judge did not explicitly order him
to move closer to a training center, and
his lawyer, Matt Thompson, said that
doing so would set him up for certain
failure. “I don’t think there is anyplace
he could go in central Ohio and live on
$840 a month,” he said.
Logistics aside, Mr. Wallace said that
it was hard to imagine his overall situa-
tion ever improving and wondered who
would hire a blind man in this economic
environment. “Do I think I’m hopeless?” he said.
“Well, yeah, I mean,by looking at it you
would think I am hopeless. Like it won’t
get better for me.”
Last Plea to Erase School Loans: Proving That One’s Future Is Hopeless
PHOTOGRAPHS BY TY WILLIAM WRIGHT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Doug Wallace Jr. was left legally blind and unemployed just a few years after graduating from Eastern Kentucky University, with $89,000 in student loans.
Mr. Wallace, who recently had a hernia surgery and has diabe-
tes,lives with his father and sister in a rental house in Plain
City, Ohio. His college diploma hangs on the living room wall,
and at night he sleeps underneath it on the couch.
From Page A1
Andrew Martin contributed reporting.
‘Undue hardship,’ never
defined, is hard to prove to
a bankruptcy judge.
This series is examining the implications
of soaring college costs and the indebted-
ness of students and their families.
Degrees of Debt
ONLINE:
A video report on a legally
blind college graduate trying to
discharge his student debt, an
interactive chart on student debt from
colleges across the nation, and previous
articles in the series.
nytimes.com/businessday
By ANDREW MARTIN
For borrowers struggling to pay off their student loans,
getting rid of the debt in bankruptcy is difficult because
they need to convince a judge that it constitutes an “un-
due hardship.”
But it is not impossible. And on Thursday, the United
States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, based in
Manhattan, ruled that a debt collection agency working
to collect loans backed by the Education Department
misled borrowers by telling them their debt was not dis-
chargeable in bankruptcy.
In doing so, the appellate court reversed a lower-court
ruling and allowed a lawsuit brought against Collecto, the
collection agency, to proceed in Federal District Court.
“They were giving incorrect legal advice in an attempt
to coerce money out of these people,” said Brian L. Brom-
berg, appellate lawyer for the plaintiff, a Buffalo woman.
He said that while debt collectors often told borrowers
that they could not discharge their students loans in
bankruptcy, Collecto “was foolish enough to put it in writ-
ing.”
Collecto officials declined to comment Friday after-
noon, as did the Education Department.
There is a common misperception that student loans
cannot be discharged in bankruptcy, in part because it is
so difficult to do so. Debtors must demonstrate that re-
paying the loan “would impose an undue hardship on the
debtor,” showing that they cannot maintain a minimal
living standard, that their dismal state of affairs is likely
to continue and that they have made a good-faith effort to
repay.
Though hard numbers are difficult to come by, it ap-
pears that fewer than 1,000 borrowers each year even try
to make the “undue hardship” case. There are 37 million
borrowers with federal student loans.
The appellate case dates back to 2001, when the Buffalo
woman, Berlincia Easterling,filed a bankruptcy petition.
At that time, she owed the Education Department $2,460
for a student loan. Mr. Bromberg did not know where Ms.
Easterling attended college, and she could not be
reached for comment.
In her bankruptcy petition, Ms. Easterling did not try
to pursue an undue hardship claim and listed her student
loan debt as “not dischargeable.”
Seven years later, she received a letter from Collecto
about her student loan balance, which had grown to
$3,359.76 with accrued interest. “Account ineligible for
bankruptcy discharge,” the letter said. “Your account is
NOT eligible for bankruptcy discharge and must be re-
solved.”
According to the appellate opinion, when Collecto
learned that a debtor had filed for bankruptcy, it stopped
collection activity until it could determine if the student
debt was discharged. In the unlikely event that it was,
Collecto would send the debt back to the Education De-
partment as uncollectable.
If the debt was not discharged, Collecto would resume
trying to collect it by sending a letter like the one Ms.
Easterling received. Ms. Easterling brought the lawsuit
on behalf of herself and 181 other debtors in New York
State who received the same collection letter.
Debt Collector Misled Borrowers, Court Says
Ø
N
B7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By Reuters
Consumer sentiment hit a
three-month high in August as
households chipped away at out-
standing debt, but Americans
were pessimistic about the fu-
ture, a survey showed on Friday.
Separate reports on the manu-
facturing industry painted a
mixed picture, with factory or-
ders rising more than expected in
July,but Midwest business activ-
ity slipping in August.
Manufacturing was in the van-
guard of the country’s recovery
from the recession that began in
2007.But it has lost momentum in
recent months as economic diffi-
culty in Europe and beyond has
damped overseas demand for
products from the United States.
Consumers in the United
States, though, were in a slightly
better mood in August. The
Thomson Reuters/University of
Michigan’s final reading on over-
all consumer sentiment for the
month rose to 74.3, its highest lev-
el since May.
The survey’s barometer of cur-
rent economic conditions rose to
88.7 from 82.7, the highest point
since January 2008.
Buying was bolstered by price
discounts and low interest rates,
the survey found. But the biggest
source of optimism was tied to
success in trimming debt.
“Rather than citing income
changes, consumers were more
likely to cite favorable shifts in
the amount of their outstanding
debt and the value of their as-
sets,” the survey director,Rich-
ard Curtin,said in a statement.
The survey’s gauge of consum-
er expectations, however,fell to
65.1 from 65.6, the lowest level
since December 2001.
Half of those questioned said
their financial situations were
worse than they were five years
ago,and a majority expected no
wage gains during the year
ahead, the survey showed.
Data released on Friday
showed that new orders for fac-
tory goods rose in July by the big-
gest margin in a year.
But the Institute for Supply
Management-Chicago said its in-
dex of Midwest business activity
fell in August, though new orders
increased.
“You have a good strength in
orders and employment, but the
trouble is that Chicago has its
own motion and is not reflective
of the national trend,” said Pierre
Ellis, senior global fixed-income
economist at Decision Economics
in New York.
The Institute for Supply Man-
agement’s monthly survey said
manufacturing contracted for a
second straight month in July.
Consumer
Hopes Rose
In August
As Debt Fell
Source: Commerce
Department
THE NEW YORK TIMES
’11
F
ac
t
ory O
r
d
ers
Manufacturers’ total new orders, seasonally adjusted.
MAY
+0.5%
JUNE
–0.5%
JULY
+2.8%
400
300
200
$
500billion
’12
By The Associated Press
Stock indexes finished higher
on Friday and posted big enough
gains to put them into positive
territory for August after a posi-
tive statement from Ben S. Ber-
nanke, the Federal Reserve
chairman.
Stocks gyrated after his speech
Friday morning. They first gave
up their morning gains, then bolt-
ed to their highs for the day, be-
fore finishing in between.The
Dow Jones industrial average
ended the day up 90.13 points, or
0.69 percent, at 13,090.84.
A half-hour after trading be-
gan, Mr. Bernanke declared that
the Fed was ready to take more
action to help an economy that’s
“far from satisfactory.”
Investors have been watching
to see whether the Fed will buy
more bonds to further lower long-
term interest rates. Stocks fell
initially, however, after it became
clear that no such announcement
was coming Friday and that Mr.
Bernanke had stopped short of
committing the Fed to any spe-
cific move.
Still, he said the Fed “should
not rule out” new policies to im-
prove the job market.
Stocks rebounded once invest-
ors parsed his comments. At one
point the Dow was up as many as
151 points.
In terms of volatility, “it’s been
the most action we’ve seen in a
couple of weeks,” said Ryan Lar-
son, a senior equity trader at
RBC Global Asset Management.
He noted that pre-Labor Day vol-
ume was light, with many invest-
ors and traders on vacation,
which can contribute to bigger
price swings.
The Standard & Poor’s 500-
stock index rose 7.10 points, or
0.51 percent, to 1,406.58. The Nas-
daq composite index gained 18.25
points, or 0.60 percent, to
3,066.96.
The Dow finished the month of
August up by 0.63 percent. The
S.& P.500 rose more than 2 per-
cent for the month, and the Nas-
daq increased more than 4 per-
cent.
Investors looking for help from
the Federal Reserve may have
only one more chance before the
election, said Frank Fantozzi, the
chief executive of Planned Finan-
cial Services in Cleveland. The
Fed’s policy-making arm meets
on Sept. 13. If it does not an-
nounce some form of stimulus
then, it probably will not until af-
ter the election, he said.
“He’s waiting until the last pos-
sible minute,” Mr. Fantozzi said
of Mr. Bernanke. “I think in the
next two weeks they’re going to
really digest the economic data
and say, ‘O.K., do we get involved
or not?’”
Mr. Bernanke said at a Fed
meeting in Jackson Hole, Wyo.,
that it’s “probably not a coinci-
dence” that stock prices have ris-
en since March 2009, when the
Fed first announced its plan to
buy Treasuries and other securi-
ties. The Dow is up 77 percent
since the 2009 announcement.
Mr. Bernanke’s comments on
Friday received a more uniform
reception in energy markets,
which tend to rise on bullish
signs for the economy. Oil prices
jumped $1.85,to $96.47 a barrel on
the New York Mercantile Ex-
change. Natural gas and heating
oil both rose more than 1 percent.
Stocks rose in nine out of 10 in-
dustry groups in the S.& P.500.
Energy stocks and materials
stocks had the biggest gains,
each up 1 percent. Utility stocks
declined slightly.
Also Friday, the Commerce De-
partment said factory orders
rose 2.8 percent in July on surg-
ing demand for autos and com-
mercial planes. However, orders
for core capital goods — a key
measure of investment spending
— dropped 4 percent. It was that
figure’s fourth decline in five
months.
Investors seemed more fo-
cused on Mr. Bernanke’s com-
ments and the overall higher fac-
tory orders, though.
Stocks in Europe were mixed.
The German DAX and the CAC 40
in France both rose, while the
FTSE 100 in Britain fell.
Interest rates were lower. The
Treasury’s benchmark 10-year
note rose 24
/
32
, to 100
23
/
32
, and
the yield fell to 1.55 percent from
1.63 percent late Thursday.
STOCKS & BONDS
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomber
g
THE NEW YORK TIMES
13,000
13,040
13,080
13,120
13,160
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
13,000.88
Shares Rise After Fed Chairman’s Speech and End Month Higher
tor of broader price trends. This week,the widely followed
Standard & Poor’s Case-Shiller
Home Price Index reported that
average American home prices in
June posted their first year-over-
year increase in nearly two
years. “This is an isolated market,but
it does create optimism,” Ms.
Coumou,of Christie’s,said of the
ultrahigh-end sales. “I see the be-
ginning of a recovery. I hope next
year we’ll see better results in
areas outside Los Angeles, Man-
hattan and Miami.”
Whether record prices can
keep soaring is another matter.
Mr. Weill realized close to a 20
percent annualized rate of return
on his apartment at 15 Central
Park West, which he bought in
2007 for $43.7 million. To maintain
enon not just in New York, but
also Miami, London, Los Angeles
and other markets where invest-
ors “are looking for safety in a
world of turmoil and uncertain-
ty.” But, he said,“they’re confus-
ing price with art. You’d think
that titans of industry would be
very individualistic about their
acquisitions, but at the very top,
there’s a herd mentality. You get
one or two very large transac-
tions that grab headlines and
then it’s like a light switch goes
off. In New York,this happened
in the second half of 2010, and
since then it’s been very intense.
The size of what’s happening is
unprecedented. How long can
this go on? You see this kind of
behavior and you have to won-
der.”
Does any of this tickle down to
the broader housing market? Anything selling for close to
$100 million has to be considered
a niche, accessible to only a small
number of extremely wealthy
buyers, Mr. Miller said. The re-
cent high-end sales seem to have
preceded an upturn in the broad-
er real estate market, and some
real estates experts consider lux-
ury home sales a leading indica-
One57, opting instead for a $47
million Upper East Side town
house.)
To reduce the Cezanne’s 97-
by-130-centimeter dimensions to
real estate terms, that’s $19,826
per square centimeter. Mr. Klar
is asking only $12,500 per square
foot, and his apartment comes
with swag drapes and a crystal
chandelier.
It may be time for a reality
check.
David Kusin,a former Metro-
politan Museum of Art curator
who also worked on Wall Street
and now runs Kusin & Company,
a consulting firm in Dallas that
specializes in the economics of
the art market, told me the com-
parison of real estate to fine art
infuriated him. “There’s absolutely no statisti-
cal validity to it,” he said. “It’s
like comparing Earth to Saturn.
And I’ve been studying these
markets for 18 years. I live in a
home designed by the dean of
Taliesin,” Frank Lloyd Wright’s
school of architecture. “The inte-
rior designer and landscape ar-
chitect are at the apex of their
fields. There is no comparability
at all between the structure I live
in and the art that hangs on the
walls.”
Among the more obvious dif-
ferences he and others men-
tioned is that most art is portable,
and thus sells in a global market;
most great art is unique and can’t
be replicated; art serves no utili-
tarian function; art values are
based on a wide range of scholar-
ship, research and critical evalu-
ations,which may take genera-
tions to evolve; and valuing art is
much more complicated than
valuing real estate.
“When people get crazy over
something, they like to rational-
ize what they do,” Mr. Kusin add-
ed. “If a Russian oligarch is going
to spend $88 million,then some-
how he has to justify it.So he
says it’s more than an apartment.
It’s art. That’s absolutely ridicu-
lous. At the end of the day,it’s
still a piece of real estate. It’s im-
movable,and it needs to be main-
tained.”
There are a few real estate
properties that even Mr. Kusin
would concede qualify as master-
pieces, but curiously, they aren’t
the ones asking — or getting —
anywhere near $100 million. And
none of them are in new Manhat-
tan condo buildings. Sotheby’s
auctioned the Farnsworth House,
a landmark in modernist archi-
tecture designed by Ludwig Mies
van der Rohe and built in 1951 on
58 acres of prairie southwest of
Chicago. The winning bidder was
the National Trust for Historic
Preservation, which paid $7.5 mil-
lion.
Frank Lloyd Wright’s land-
mark Ennis House, set on a hill in
the Los Feliz neighborhood of
Los Angeles, sold last summer to
the billionaire executive Ronald
Burkle for less than $4.5 million.
It was listed by Christie’s in 2009
at $15 million.
Sotheby’s has several listings
for palazzos in Venice, some dat-
ing to the 14th century. “If you’re standing on a terraz-
zo floor built in the 1300s, that has
a lot of value,” Philip White,pres-
ident of Sotheby’s International
Realty, said. “There are early
frescoes in some of the walls that
are part of the real estate, and the
frescoes alone are worth a lot of
money.” Be that as it may, such listings
in Venice start at $3.5 million,and
Mr. White said none has sold for
more than $20 million.
“There are only a few proper-
ties of great architectural and
historic significance,” Mr. White
said. “The Mies Farnsworth
house was one of those; some of
the Frank Lloyd Wright houses;
the Philip Johnson glass house in
Connecticut. They transformed
architecture the way Picasso
transformed the art world. That’s
how we at Sotheby’s look at it. “I don’t think you can put 15
Central Park West in that catego-
ry, even if an apartment did sell
for $88 million. I’m sure it has
some nice elements, but it’s a
new condominium.”
Paul Provost,deputy chairman
of Christie’s, agreed that the
analogy could go only so far. “At some point,it falls apart,”
he said. Art and real estate “are
very different. The assets are dif-
ferent, the liquidity is different.
Still, as the art market has be-
come increasingly global, people
are looking at art as an asset be-
cause the values have increased
so much. People have always
considered their home as an as-
set. If they see it’s worth $50 mil-
lion, they’re even more likely to
consider it an asset. So you can
see the markets converging.”
According to Jonathan Miller,
president of real estate appraisal
firm Miller Samuel, “When peo-
ple refer to their real estate as
art, they’re really trying to say
it’s unique, that it can’t be repli-
cated.” He said he’s seen the phenom-
that rate, it would have to sell for
over $200 million in just five
years. There’s also the risk of over-
building at the extreme high end. Unlike Picasso, who’s dead,
several such developments like
the kind of real estate now fetch-
ing close to $100 million — lofty
new Manhattan condos with
sweeping Central Park views —
are under construction or ru-
mored to be in the offing. Atower
being built at 56th and Park Ave-
nue is expected to top One57 by
several hundred feet; the Bacca-
rat Hotel and Residences New
York, scheduled for completion in
2014,is rising across the street
from the Museum of Modern Art
and will feature interior touches
like Baccarat crystal chande-
liers; Vornado Realty Trust has
proposed a new ultraluxury tow-
er at 220 Central Park South, of-
fering direct park views, not ones
from several blocks away; and
another soaring tower is ru-
mored for a site near 57th and
Broadway. “Are there enough billionaires
to fill all these spaces?” one bro-
ker mused.
Art advisers often caution pro-
spective buyers that they should
buy art because they love it, and
not just because they expect it to
appreciate in value. Perhaps the
same could be said about high-
end real estate. If living at the top
of a new condominium tower de-
livers unparalleled satisfaction,
then perhaps price doesn’t mat-
ter.
As for the art analogy, in 2008,
a stainless steel rabbit sculpture
by the American artist Jeff Koons
reportedly sold privately for $80
million, not long after his “Hang-
ing Heart” set a record at auction
for a living artist, selling for $23.6
million. But since then, prices for
his works have plunged — when
they actually sell. His “Balloon Flower (Blue)”
sold for $16.9 million in 2010 and
another “Hanging Heart” sold
privately this year for a reported
$11 million. Several other Koons
works put up for auction didn’t
sell.
Overpriced Real Estate? Well, Maybe It’s a Masterpiece
TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The Philip Johnson Glass
House in Connecticut, above,
and the Ennis House, de-
signed by Frank Lloyd Wright
in the Hollywood Hills of Los
Angeles, are relative bargains.
PHILIP SCOTT ANDREWS/ASSOCIATED PRESS
From First Business Page
Expensive, exclusive
and finely appointed.
But in the end, it’s
still a condo.
35 STW.,#147 B'twn Broadway &7th
500,700 &1400 sq ft,totally renov'd,new
windows,acrossfromMacy's.NO FEE
falconproperties.com 212-302-3000
Offices−Manhattan 105
B8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Australia (Dollar) 1.0320 .9690
China (Yuan) .1575 6.3484
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1289 7.7556
India (Rupee) .0180 55.5200
Japan (Yen) .0128 78.3700
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3202 3.1230
New Zealand (Dollar) .8032 1.2450
Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.4500
Philippines (Peso) .0238 42.1050
Singapore (Dollar) .8019 1.2470
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1133.1
Taiwan (Dollar) .0335 29.8720
Thailand (Baht) .0319 31.3200
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20790
Britain (Pound) 1.5864 .6304
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0507 19.7430
Denmark (Krone) .1688 5.9240
Europe (Euro) 1.2576 .7952
Hungary (Forint) .0044 225.82
Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1655.50 1692.90 1644.80 1685.30 + 30.50 30,679
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 3043.50 3170.00 3025.50 3137.00 + 100.30 2,575
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 450.50 309.15 Sep 12 343.95 346.40 340.45 345.40 + 1.35 7,231
Nasdaq 100 2772.24 + 18.50 + 0.67 + 23.70 + 21.71
Composite 3066.96 + 18.25 + 0.60 + 18.90 + 17.73
Industrials 2493.38 + 11.54 + 0.47 + 11.01 + 15.00
Banks 1832.24 + 2.58 + 0.14 + 19.08 + 13.25
Insurance 4478.74 + 8.44 + 0.19 + 12.57 + 4.71
Other Finance 3982.85 + 18.32 + 0.46 + 12.65 + 15.59
Telecommunications 195.31 + 0.86 + 0.44 + 0.99 ◊ 0.82
Computer 1671.05 + 12.33 + 0.74 + 24.98 + 21.20
Industrials 13090.84 + 90.13 + 0.69 + 12.72 + 7.15
Transportation 5007.49 + 14.46 + 0.29 + 7.30 ◊ 0.24
Utilities 468.21 ◊ 0.24 ◊ 0.05 + 7.62 + 0.76
Composite 4393.46 + 19.11 + 0.44 + 10.20 + 3.81
100 Stocks 646.41 + 3.16 + 0.49 + 17.96 + 13.25
500 Stocks 1406.58 + 7.10 + 0.51 + 15.40 + 11.85
Mid-Cap 400 971.55 + 4.89 + 0.51 + 11.03 + 10.51
Small-Cap 600 457.91 + 1.56 + 0.34 + 15.43 + 10.32
MARKET GAUGES
+15%
+10%
+ 5%
0%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
3-MONTH TREND
1,250
1,300
1,350
1,400
1,450
June
July
Aug.
+15%
+10%
+ 5%
0%
Nasdaq Composite
3-MONTH TREND
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
June
July
Aug.
+15%
+10%
+ 5%
0%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3-MONTH TREND
12,000
12,500
13,000
13,500
14,000
June
July
Aug.
NASDAQ
COMPOSITE
3,066.96 +18.25
U
10-YEAR TREASURY YIELD
1.55% –0.08
CRUDE
OIL
$96.47 +$1.85
U
GOLD
(N.Y.)
$1,684.60 +$31.10
U
THE
EURO
$1.2576 +$0.0070
U
DOW
INDUSTRIALS
13,090.84 +90.13
U
S.&P.
500
1,406.58 +7.10
U
STOCK MARKET INDEXES
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
DOW JONES
STANDARD AND POOR’S
NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
NASDAQ
OTHER INDEXES
NYSE Comp. 8014.93 + 48.69 + 0.61 + 6.46 + 7.19
Tech/Media/Telecom 5972.77 + 39.99 + 0.67 + 7.80 + 8.89
Energy 12531.86 + 107.95 + 0.87 + 2.83 + 0.99
Financial 4591.23 + 35.15 + 0.77 + 6.93 + 13.00
Healthcare 7623.70 + 13.80 + 0.18 + 11.45 + 8.20
American Exch 2416.52 + 11.19 + 0.47 + 5.55 + 6.07
Wilshire 5000 14680.90 + 73.92 + 0.51 + 14.19 + 11.30
Value Line Arith 2973.03 + 14.65 + 0.50 + 11.18 + 10.29
Russell 2000 812.09 + 3.45 + 0.43 + 11.73 + 9.61
Phila Gold & Silver 169.88 + 7.00 + 4.30 ◊ 22.06 ◊ 5.96
Phila Semiconductor 396.18 + 5.47 + 1.40 + 11.35 + 8.71
KBW Bank 47.19 + 0.16 + 0.34 + 18.12 + 19.83
Phila Oil Service 223.96 + 3.65 + 1.65 ◊ 5.41 + 3.55
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
CONSUMER RATES
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.91 3.39
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.43 4.21
30-yr fixed 3.55 4.26
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.22 4.87
5/1 adj. rate 2.87 2.99
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.85 3.24
1-year adj. rate 4.12 2.95
Mortgages
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
$75K line good credit* 4.23 4.32% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.22 4.24
$75K loan good credit* 5.36 5.71
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.28 5.49
Home Equity
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
36-mo. used car 3.39 5.03% %
60-mo. new car 3.07 4.43
A
uto Loan Rates
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Money-market 0.51 0.57% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.55 0.65
6-month CD 0.47 0.53
1-year CD 0.71 0.84
2-year CD 0.85 0.98
5-year IRA CD 1.43 1.79
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Home
Thursday
Year
Ago
Thursday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
GOVERNMENT BONDS
0
1
2
3
4%
3
6
2
5
10
30
Months Years
Maturity
Yest.
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
Y
ield Curve
0
1
2
3
4%
2012
2011
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
INVESTMENT GRADE
FINRA TRACE CORPORATE BOND DATA
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 4561 3374 1059 128
Advances 2709 2115 517 77
Declines 1648 1161 441 46
Unchanged 133 54 75 4
52 Week High 306 212 89 5
52 Week Low 51 33 17 1
Dollar Volume
*
6,519 4,831 1,331 356
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Goldman sachs group (gs.Aeh) 5.750 Jan ‘22 a3 a 113.057 109.596 110.400 0.727 4.385
United technologies (utx) 4.500 Jun ‘42 a2 a 114.073 112.440 114.073 1.459 3.714
JPMorgan Chase & co (jpm) 2.000 Aug ‘17 a2 a+ 101.729 100.400 100.762 0.417 1.838
Pacific gas & elec co (pcg) 2.450 Aug ‘22 a3 a– 101.907 99.693 100.695 0.502 2.369
American express cr medium term (axp.Nx) 2.800 Sep ‘16 a2 a+ 106.775 106.301 106.775 0.277 1.080
Goldman sachs group (gs.Xz) 5.450 Nov ‘12 a3 a 100.804 100.688 100.804 0.059 0.609
Rio tinto fin usa plc (rio) 4.125 Aug ‘42 a3 101.502 96.755 99.154 0.941 4.175
Philip morris intl (pm) 2.900 Nov ‘21 a2 a 104.766 103.398 104.100 –0.060 2.400
JPMorgan Chase & co (jpm.Jpf) 6.000 Jan ‘18 a2 a+ 119.818 117.541 119.305 0.360 2.164
France telecom sa (fte.Gr) 2.750 Sep ‘16 a3 a– 104.394 104.129 104.394 0.334 1.617
HIGH YIELD
ATP oil & gas (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 wr 28.598 25.400 27.330 0.892 N.A.
Realogy (domu) 11.500 Apr ‘17 caa3 107.000 106.000 106.500 –0.250 8.654
Iron mtn del (irm) 5.750 Aug ‘24 b1 101.500 100.900 101.500 0.750 5.513
Nokia (nok.Ga) 5.375 May ‘19 ba3 bb– 94.812 83.750 87.262 0.012 7.857
Reynolds group issuer llc (rygr) 7.875 Aug ‘19 ba3 111.250 111.000 111.250 0.000 4.975
First indl l p medium term nts book (fr.Gf) 7.500 Dec ‘17 ba3 bb 109.694 109.500 109.694 8.694 5.350
E trade finl (etfc) 7.875 Dec ‘15 b2 n.A. 102.000 99.080 99.080 –3.545 8.197
Lucent technologies (alu) 6.450 Mar ‘29 wr bb– 65.000 63.715 63.875 –0.625 11.334
Patriot coal (pcxc3682743) 8.250 Apr ‘18 wr 45.250 42.851 43.065 0.065 N.A.
Cricket Communications (Leap.Gf) 7.750 May ‘16 Ba2 105.970 105.625 105.750 –0.040 4.762
CONVERTIBLES
Alcoa (aa.Hx) 5.250 Mar ‘14 baa3 bbb– 145.595 142.500 145.349 3.349 –18.967
Ciena (cien.Gc) 0.875 Jun ‘17 n.A. 85.630 82.611 83.625 1.162 4.748
Navistar intl new (nav.Gm) 3.000 Oct ‘14 n.A. Cc 93.500 90.250 90.625 –1.625 7.912
Amgen (amgn.Gn) 0.375 Feb ‘13 baa1 bbb 111.812 109.650 109.650 –0.687 –21.501
Knight cap group (nite.Ab) 3.500 Mar ‘15 n.A. 92.100 89.062 91.200 0.300 7.383
Powerwave technologies (pwav.Gf) 3.875 Oct ‘27 n.A. N.A. 7.750 7.500 7.750 –4.750 50.505
AMR del (aamr) 6.250 Oct ‘14 n.A. C 62.562 62.250 62.500 2.530 N.A.
Medivation (mdvn) 2.625 Apr ‘17 n.A. 130.364 129.677 129.677 5.927 –3.333
Caci intl (cai.Gb) 2.125 May ‘14 n.A. N.A. 113.705 113.354 113.705 0.809 –5.665
Medicis pharmaceutical (mrx) 1.375 Jun ‘17 n.A. 99.250 98.938 99.114 0.206 1.570
0
2
4
6
8
10%
2012
2011
Yields
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield +7.06%
invest. grade +3.43%
–10
– 5
0
+ 5
+10
+15%
2012
2011
52-week Total Returns
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield +10.87%
invest. grade +8.36%
ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Source: Bloomberg
5-YEAR HISTORY
%+10
–20
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
June ’12 %+7.0
May ’12 +7.0
%+10
0
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
July ’12 %+4.2
June ’12 +4.3
–20
–70
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
June ’12 –42.9
May ’12 –48.0
14
4
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
July ’12 6.4
June ’12 6.5
60
30
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
July ’12 49.8
June ’12 49.7
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
T-BILLS
3-mo.
6-mo.
BONDS & NOTES
2-yr.
5-yr.
10-yr.
30-yr.
TREASURY INFLATION BONDS
5-yr.
10-yr.
20-yr.
30-yr.
Nov 12 ◊ ◊ 0.09 0.09 –0.01 0.09
Feb 13 ◊ ◊ 0.13 0.13 –0.01 0.13
Apr 17 [ 107-09 107-13 +0-16 -1.40
Jul 22 [ 108-15 108-20 +0-23 -0.70
Jan 29 2ø 142-12 142-28 +1-06 -0.07
Feb 42 } 109-23 110-15 +1-25 0.40
Aug 14 ü ◊ 100.05 100.05 +0.06 0.23
Aug 17 | ◊ 100.18 100.19 +0.38 0.59
Aug 22 1| ◊ 100.70 100.72 +0.75 1.55
Aug 42 2} ◊ 101.67 101.70 +1.66 2.67
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS
Bank of Am (BAC) 7.99 +0.08 +1.0 888308
Facebook I (FB) 18.06 ◊1.03 ◊5.4 583506
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.53 ◊0.01 ◊0.4 427547
Intel Corp (INTC) 24.83 +0.56 +2.3 413807
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 19.08 +0.18 +1.0 371366
Microsoft (MSFT) 30.82 +0.50 +1.6 350676
General El (GE) 20.71 +0.07 +0.3 283878
Ford Motor (F) 9.34 +0.03 +0.3 273766
Sprint Nex (S) 4.85 +0.02 +0.4 257295
Morgan Sta (MS) 15.00 +0.10 +0.7 255667
Citigroup (C) 29.71 +0.06 +0.2 248374
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 23.86 +0.02 +0.1 242939
Advanced M (AMD) 3.72 +0.02 +0.5 234540
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 31.65 +0.48 +1.5 203433
Micron Tec (MU) 6.21 +0.03 +0.5 200452
The Coca-C (KO) 37.40 +0.26 +0.7 200372
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 16.88 +0.10 +0.6 193573
AT&T Inc (T) 36.64 ◊0.05 ◊0.1 191281
Alcoa Inc (AA) 8.56 +0.12 +1.4 167437
Corning In (GLW) 11.99 +0.37 +3.2 164031
Saba Softw (SABA) 9.40 +1.42 +17.8 3556
Esterline (ESL) 59.80 +6.86 +13.0 11462
Splunk Inc (SPLK) 34.40 +3.90 +12.8 34411
Perceptron (PRCP) 5.70 +0.60 +11.8 181
Golden Min (AUMN) 5.35 +0.55 +11.5 4413
Sarepta Th (SRPT) 15.82 +1.42 +9.9 33263
Zale Corp (ZLC) 5.52 +0.49 +9.7 25428
Aeroflex H (ARX) 7.10 +0.62 +9.6 2545
Endeavour (EXK) 8.89 +0.77 +9.5 17098
A.M. Castl (CAS) 13.03 +1.11 +9.3 5351
AuRico Gol (AUQ) 6.93 +0.51 +7.9 26919
Silver Sta (SSRI) 14.83 +1.09 +7.9 10732
Coronado B (CNDO) 6.15 +0.45 +7.9 889
Silvercorp (SVM) 5.88
+0.43 +7.9 15912
Medivation (MDVN) 104.86 +7.44 +7.6 10446
Threshold (THLD) 8.81 +0.60 +7.3 17499
Nobility H (NOBH) 5.94 +0.39 +7.0 8
Achillion (ACHN) 7.03 +0.46 +7.0 16704
SWS Group (SWS) 5.97 +0.39 +7.0 922
Crescent F (CRFN) 5.24 +0.34 +6.9 15
Gordmans S (GMAN) 17.58 ◊3.09 ◊14.9 11422
JTH Holdin (TAX) 9.05 ◊1.45 ◊13.8 262
Zumiez Inc (ZUMZ) 29.19 ◊3.03 ◊9.4 38063
Reading In (RDIB) 6.75 ◊0.49 ◊6.7 1
CompX Inte (CIX) 12.35 ◊0.85 ◊6.4 21
Luby’s Inc (LUB) 5.98 ◊0.38 ◊6.0 693
Facebook I (FB) 18.06 ◊1.03 ◊5.4 583506
Espey MFG (ESP) 26.97 ◊1.46 ◊5.1 179
Rosetta Ge (ROSG) 5.38 ◊0.27 ◊4.8 15487
Kewaunee S (KEQU) 11.35 ◊0.54 ◊4.5 165
Rocky Moun (RMCF) 12.39 ◊0.55 ◊4.3 363
New Hampsh (NHTB) 12.61 ◊0.54 ◊4.1 12
Value Line (VALU) 11.25 ◊0.48 ◊4.1 52
Telular Co (WRLS) 9.57 ◊0.40 ◊4.0 590
Ikonics Co (IKNX) 7.70 ◊0.31 ◊3.9 26
Zagg Inc (ZAGG) 7.53 ◊0.30 ◊3.8 7484
Farmers Ca (FFKT) 9.40 ◊0.35 ◊3.6 12
Global-Tec (GAI) 5.51 ◊0.20 ◊3.5 2
Accuride C (ACW) 5.02 ◊0.18 ◊3.5 3625
LSI Indust (LYTS) 6.52 ◊0.23 ◊3.4 270
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
20 MOST ACTIVE 20 TOP GAINERS 20 TOP LOSERS
FUTURES
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Norway (Krone) .1725 5.7973
Poland (Zloty) .3019 3.3120
Russia (Ruble) .0310 32.2450
Sweden (Krona) .1509 6.6263
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0472 .9549
Turkey (Lira) .5505 1.8166
Argentina (Peso) .2156 4.6375
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1441 6.9400
Brazil (Real) .4931 2.0280
Canada (Dollar) 1.0140 .9862
Chile (Peso) .0021 479.82
Colombia (Peso) .0005 1823.6
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0256 39.0000
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1260 7.9350
Honduras (Lempira) .0511 19.5800
Mexico (Peso) .0758 13.1889
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0421 23.7331
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4405.0
Peru (New Sol) .3833 2.6090
Uruguay (New Peso) .0465 21.5000
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6528 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1640 6.0990
Iran (Rial) .0001 12259
Israel (Shekel) .2487 4.0216
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4154 .7065
Kenya (Shilling) .0119 84.1000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5534 .2814
MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA
AMERICAS
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.00 115.30 Oct 12 126.00 126.28 125.43 126.03 + 0.53 121,080
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 90.00 72.08 Oct 12 74.23 74.35 72.80 74.18 + 0.02 86,928
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2613.00 2647.00 2588.00 2610.00 + 9.00 103,475
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 164.10 167.45 162.50 164.75 + 1.35 89,992
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 26.04 14.35 Sep 12 19.86 19.99 19.62 19.78 + 0.03 291,317
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 808.00 809.75 793.25 799.75 ◊ 8.75 717,963
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1771.25 914.00 Nov 12 1761.00 1763.25 1745.50 1756.50 ◊ 7.00 371,226
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 903.00 906.00 881.00 889.50 ◊ 13.50 274,101
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 114.80 73.05 Sep 12 94.75 96.92 94.51 96.47 + 1.85 260,533
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.34 2.23 Sep 12 3.13 3.19 3.13 3.18 + 0.05 95,839
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 2.92 2.97 2.88 2.96 + 0.04 219,895
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85 euros
2012
2011
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7950
70
80
90
100
110
$120
2012
2011
Crude Oil
$96.47 a barrel
74
76
78
80
82
84yen
2012
2011
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.40
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1501.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1191 8.3950
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6725
S&P 100 STOCKS
Prices
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
+
or ·
–
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 68.63 94.30 92.60 + 0.84 + 11.59 + 13.3
Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.96 67.45 65.54 + 0.14 + 24.81 + 16.6
Accenture (ACN) 48.55 65.89 61.60 + 0.45 + 14.95 + 15.7
Allstate C (ALL) 22.27 38.50 37.28 + 0.10 + 42.13 + 36.0
”
Altria Gro (MO) 25.27 36.29 33.96 ◊ 0.48 + 24.90 + 14.5
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 250.00 248.27 + 2.05 + 15.35 + 43.4
American E (AEP) 35.85 43.96 42.99 + 0.19 + 11.29 + 4.1
American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 58.30 + 1.13 + 17.28 + 23.6
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 52.50 85.28 83.92 + 0.77 + 51.47 + 30.7
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 69.27 + 1.01 ◊ 6.07 ◊ 9.2
Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 85.75 + 0.66 ◊ 16.80 ◊ 5.3
”
Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 680.87 665.24 + 1.37 + 72.87 + 64.3
AT&T Inc (T) 27.29 38.28 36.64 ◊ 0.05 + 28.65 + 21.2
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 45.60 + 0.60 ◊ 25.38 ◊ 6.2
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 7.99 + 0.08 ◊ 2.20 + 43.7
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.72 22.54 + 0.24 + 9.05 + 13.2
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 60.54 58.68 + 0.23 + 4.82 + 18.6
Berkshire (BRKb) 65.35 86.01 84.34 + 0.33 + 15.53 + 10.5
Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 71.40 + 0.58 + 6.79 ◊ 2.7
Bristol-My (BMY) 28.37 36.34 33.01 + 0.14 + 10.96 ◊ 6.3
Capital On (COF) 36.33 58.69 56.53 + 0.51 + 22.76 + 33.7
Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 85.33 + 0.86 ◊ 6.23 ◊ 5.8
Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 113.87 112.16 + 1.23 + 13.48 + 5.4
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.93 21.30 19.08 + 0.18 + 21.76 + 5.5
Citigroup (C) 21.40 38.40 29.71 + 0.06 ◊ 4.32 + 12.9
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 31.67 40.66 37.40 + 0.26 + 6.17 + 6.9
Colgate-Pa (CL) 85.73 109.84 106.31 + 0.50 + 18.16 + 15.1
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.72 35.16 33.53 ◊ 0.10 + 55.88 + 41.4
ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 56.79 + 0.68 + 9.44 + 2.2
Costco Who (COST) 76.59 99.28 97.87 ◊ 0.72 + 24.61 + 17.5
CVS Carema (CVS) 32.28 48.69 45.55 + 0.35 + 26.84 + 11.7
Dell Inc (DELL) 10.57 18.36 10.59 ◊ 0.09 ◊ 28.76 ◊ 27.6
Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 57.83 + 0.19 ◊ 14.74 ◊ 6.7
”Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 29.31 ◊ 0.06 + 3.02 + 1.9
E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 49.75 + 0.17 + 3.07 + 8.7
eBay Inc (EBAY) 27.41 48.08 47.47 + 0.92 + 53.77 + 56.5
Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.44 45.45 44.91 + 0.01 + 19.73 + 8.1
EMC Corp (EMC) 19.99 30.00 26.29 + 0.02 + 16.38 + 22.1
Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 50.72 ◊ 0.02 + 8.96 + 8.9
Exelon Cor (EXC) 36.27 45.45 36.47 ◊ 0.12 ◊ 15.42 ◊ 15.9
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 67.93 88.91 87.30 + 0.10 + 17.94 + 3.0
FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 87.63 + 0.44 + 11.32 + 4.9
Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 9.34 + 0.03 ◊ 16.01 ◊ 13.2
”„Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 36.11 + 1.42 ◊ 23.35 ◊ 1.8
General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 65.51 + 0.19 + 2.23 ◊ 1.4
General El (GE) 14.02 21.19 20.71 + 0.07 + 26.98 + 15.6
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 58.84 57.69 + 0.18 + 44.64 + 40.9
Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 105.72 + 1.00 ◊ 9.03 + 16.9
Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 688.99 685.09 + 3.41 + 26.64 + 6.1
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 58.31 55.72 ◊ 0.13 + 5.85 + 3.1
”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 43.08 32.76 + 0.04 ◊ 26.17 ◊ 5.1
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 16.77 30.00 16.88 + 0.10 ◊ 35.15 ◊ 34.5
Home Depot (HD) 31.03 57.18 56.75 + 0.13 + 70.01 + 35.0
Honeywell (HON) 41.22 62.00 58.45 + 0.34 + 22.25 + 7.5
Intel Corp (INTC) 19.16 29.27 24.83 + 0.56 + 23.35 + 2.4
Internatio (IBM) 158.76 210.69 194.85 + 1.48 + 13.34 + 6.0
Johnson & (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 67.43 + 0.22 + 2.48 + 2.8
JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 37.14 + 0.24 ◊ 1.12 + 11.7
Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 42.00 41.51
+ 0.16 + 18.53 + 11.1
Lockheed M (LMT) 69.10 93.99 91.14 + 0.21 + 22.85 + 12.7
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.28 32.29 28.48 + 0.30 + 42.90 + 12.2
MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 422.90 + 1.95 + 28.26 + 13.4
McDonald’s (MCD) 83.65 102.22 89.49 + 0.79 ◊ 1.02 ◊ 10.8
Medtronic (MDT) 31.06 41.79 40.66 + 0.18 + 15.94 + 6.3
Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.17 43.05 ◊ 0.07 + 30.08 + 14.2
Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 34.13 + 0.14 + 1.58 + 9.5
Microsoft (MSFT) 24.26 32.95 30.82 + 0.50 + 15.86 + 18.7
Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 89.73 87.11 ◊ 0.06 + 26.37 + 24.3
”Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 15.00 + 0.10 ◊ 14.29 ◊ 0.9
National O (NOV) 47.97 87.72 78.80 + 2.60 + 19.18 + 15.9
News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 24.05 23.39 + 0.26 + 35.44 + 31.1
Nike Inc (NKE) 80.20 114.81 97.36 ◊ 0.39 + 12.36 + 1.0
Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 72.46 ◊ 0.18 + 7.06 ◊ 0.5
Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 85.01 + 0.73 ◊ 1.99 ◊ 9.3
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 31.65 + 0.48 + 12.75 + 23.4
PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 73.66 72.43 + 0.25 + 12.42 + 9.2
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.48 23.86 + 0.02 + 25.71 + 10.3
Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.60 89.30 ◊ 1.25 + 28.82 + 13.8
Procter & (PG) 59.07 67.95 67.19 + 0.31 + 5.51 + 0.7
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 46.40 68.87 61.46 + 0.26 + 19.43 + 12.4
Raytheon C (RTN) 38.35 56.92 56.52 + 0.22 + 30.74 + 16.8
Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 80.78 72.38 + 0.78 ◊ 7.35 + 6.0
Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 163.75 158.70 + 1.29 + 35.06 + 23.1
Southern C (SO) 40.31 48.59 45.33 ◊ 0.05 + 9.60 ◊ 2.1
Starbucks (SBUX) 35.12 62.00 49.61 ◊ 0.10 + 28.46 + 7.8
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 64.99 64.09 ◊ 0.07 + 24.04 + 25.1
Texas Inst (TXN) 24.34 34.24 29.04 + 0.03 + 10.80 ◊ 0.2
Time Warne (TWX) 28.26 43.05 41.55 + 0.07 + 31.24 + 15.0
U.S. Banco (USB) 20.75 34.10 33.41 + 0.12 + 43.95 + 23.5
Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 126.91 121.44 + 0.04 + 31.76 + 14.6
United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 73.81 ◊ 0.01 + 9.53 + 0.8
United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 79.85 + 0.79 + 7.54 + 9.2
UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 54.30 ◊ 0.39 + 14.27 + 7.1
Verizon Co (VZ) 34.65 46.41 42.94 + 0.17 + 18.73 + 7.0
Visa Inc (V) 81.71 132.58 128.25 + 1.55 + 45.94 + 26.3
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 49.94 75.24 72.60 + 0.35 + 36.49 + 21.5
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.61 35.76 + 0.55 + 1.56 + 8.2
Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 50.65 49.47 + 0.05 + 45.24 + 31.9
Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 34.80 34.03 + 0.16 + 30.38 + 23.5
Williams C (WMB) 17.88 34.63 32.27 + 0.23 + 46.42 + 19.7
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes: nytimes.com/markets
D
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
LARGEST FUNDS
+8.7 +1.7 ◊2.6 600 600 549 American Funds Capital Inc Bldr A (CAIBX) IH +9.0 +10.4 +1.3 0.63 57,830
American Funds Capital World G/I A (CWGIX) WS +11.4 +8.2 ◊0.8 0.82 45,246
Dodge & Cox International Stock (DODFX) FB +7.3 ◊0.7 ◊3.6 0.64 36,185
Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX) FB +6.9 ◊2.3 ◊4.0 0.22 33,672
American Funds New Perspective A (ANWPX) WS +13.3 +9.5 +1.4 0.81 28,957
American Funds EuroPacific Gr A (AEPGX) FB +8.9 +1.1 ◊1.7 0.84 28,554
Harbor International Instl (HAINX) FB +9.0 +2.5 ◊1.2 0.77 27,609
PIMCO All Asset Instl (PAAIX) IH +9.7 +7.9 +7.0 0.15 22,483
BlackRock Global Allocation Instl (MALOX) IH +6.5 +2.6 +3.4 0.76 18,300
First Eagle Global A (SGENX) IH +7.2 +5.7 +4.9 1.13 15,268
Fidelity Diversified International (FDIVX) FB +10.0 +1.1 ◊4.4 0.95 13,218
American Funds SMALLCAP World A (SMCWX) WS +13.7 +5.8 ◊0.7 1.15 12,892
Thornburg International Value I (TGVIX) FG +6.8 ◊0.3 ◊2.6 0.86 11,679
Templeton Growth A (TEPLX) WS +10.7 +8.2 ◊3.7 1.11 11,291
PIMCO All Asset All Authority Inst (PAUIX) IH +11.5 +9.0 +8.6 0.22 9,639
Vanguard International Growth Inv (VWIGX) FG +8.2 ◊1.1 ◊2.3 0.49 9,092
Oakmark International I (OAKIX) FB +10.2 +6.4 ◊0.6 1.05 8,303
T. Rowe Price International Stock Fd (PRITX) FG +8.6 +1.0 ◊1.7 0.85 8,196
Mutual Global Discovery A (TEDIX) WS +9.0 +10.9 +1.2 1.31 7,774
Ivy Asset Strategy C (WASCX) IH +10.1 +0.1 +3.9 1.71 7,664
Scout International (UMBWX) FG +9.9 +3.2 ◊0.6 0.97 7,607
DFA International Small Cap Value I (DISVX) FA +7.4 ◊3.9 ◊4.3 0.71 7,534
Artisan International Inv (ARTIX) FB +14.9 +8.6 ◊1.7 1.19 6,444
Wells Fargo Advantage Intrns Wld Eq A (EWEAX) WS +13.5 +15.7 +0.8 1.40 144
Third Avenue Real Estate Value Instl (TAREX) GR +24.0 +15.6 ◊1.0 1.11 1,585
FPA Paramount (FPRAX) WS +8.5 +14.9 +3.0 0.95 250
DFA Global Real Estate Securities I (DFGEX) GR +18.4 +14.7 NA 0.37 1,234
PIMCO International StocksPLUS TR Str I (PISIX) FB +14.2 +14.5 +0.9 0.75 116
Wasatch World Innovators (WAGTX) WS +15.7 +13.6 +3.9 1.87 137
Tweedy, Browne Value (TWEBX) WS +10.4 +13.1 +2.0 1.40 502
Dreyfus Worldwide Growth A (PGROX) WS +11.3 +12.6 +3.2 1.23 424
GAMCO Global Growth AAA (GICPX) WS +10.3 +12.4 +0.9 1.84 60
Prudential Global Real Estate Z (PURZX) GR +18.3 +12.3 ◊0.2 0.97 611
Mutual Quest Z (MQIFX) WS +9.5 +12.0 +1.4 0.80 3,527
Lazard Global Listed Infras Port Inst (GLIFX) FQ +11.4 +11.8 NA 1.09 116
LEADERS
LAGGARDS
Janus Overseas T (JAOSX) FG ◊4.8 ◊19.1 ◊6.3 0.77 2,696
Janus Aspen Overseas Instl (JAIGX) FG ◊3.8 ◊17.8 ◊4.6 0.65 443
ING Global Value Choice C (NAWCX) WS ◊6.6 ◊13.4 +2.1 2.21 59
Ivy Asset Strategy New Opportunities C (INOCX) IH +5.1 ◊12.9 NA 2.37 58
Janus Global Select T (JORNX) WS ◊6.3 ◊12.5 ◊4.7 0.96 681
Nuveen Tradewinds International Value A (NAIGX) FV ◊3.2 ◊12.3 ◊3.8 1.34 238
Morgan Stanley Inst Intl Small Cap I (MSISX) FA ◊0.3 ◊12.1 ◊6.9 1.15 133
Artio International Equity A (BJBIX) FB +4.2 ◊11.7 ◊8.6 1.27 994
New Alternatives (NALFX) WS ◊5.1 ◊11.1 ◊7.9 1.03 145
AllianceBern Global Thematic Gr C (ATECX) WS +4.1 ◊10.2 ◊4.1 2.34 78
Ivy Managed European/Pacific A (IVMAX) FB +5.3 ◊9.3 ◊5.1 0.60 72
Artio International Equity II A (JETAX) FB +5.8 ◊8.7 ◊6.7 1.31 328
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
MUTUAL FUNDS SPOTLIGHT: WORLD STOCKS
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source: Bankrate.com
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: FA
-Foreign Small/Mid Val. FB
-Foreign Large Blend. FG
-Foreign Large Growth. FQ
-Foreign Small/Mid Bl.. FR
-Foreign Small/Mid Gr.. FV
-Foreign Large Value. GR
-
Global Real Estate. IH
-World Allocation. WS
-World Stock. NA
-Not Available. YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
By MELENA RYZIK
MINNEAPOLIS — You could hear the
meows nearly a block away, and also the
“awwws.” The laughter too.
On Thursday evening the Walker Art
Center, one of the nation’s most prominent
institutions of contemporary art, hosted
the inaugural Internet Cat Video Film Fes-
tival here. An estimated 10,000 people
turned out for an event that was, from its
inception to its closing credits, an online
meme made flesh (and fur). The crowd — easily double what organ-
izers expected — packed the lawn outside
the museum, spilling onto the sidewalks
across the street. There were local cat lov-
ers and out-of-state fans of Fluffy; many
wore kitty-theme T-shirts or simply ears
and whiskers. Some took real cats on
leashes. A few dogs came, for irony. They all settled in for a screening of cats
behaving badly, or cutely, or mysteriously,
sometimes all at once. That much of the
audience had already seen the clips on
YouTube did not seem to diminish the en-
thusiasm. Quite the contrary.
“People watch them, and they watch
them over and over and over again,” said
Gretchen Sealls, 65, a retired banker who
drove five hours from Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
“I think you’re going to see a lot of copycat CRAIG LASSIG/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Walker Art Center in Minneapolis
attracted 10,000 to the first Internet
Cat Video Film Festival on its lawn.
With Claws and Agents,
Stars Purr for Close-Ups
Continued on Page 7
C1
N
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
LONDON — The school holidays are in
their final throes here, and this week the
Natural History Museum was, as the British
like to say, heaving. (Translation: a tightly
packed situation in which el-
bows might be useful.) In the
midst of the throng, a woman ap-
proached two children in the
cavernous ground floor space.
“I’m going to give you some-
thing,” she said. They looked
mildly alarmed. Then she added, “Some
Shakespeare.” The children listened wide-eyed as she
spoke (“This royal throne of kings, this scep-
ter’d isle... ”), then beamed as she handed
over a small card showing Shakespeare’s
head superimposed over a jeans-and-sneak-
ers-wearing body. It bore a message:
“Thank you for listening to “‘Richard II.’”
All around the hall, other actors were de-
claiming Shakespearean verse and handing
cards to wary, bewildered and delighted re-
cipients. Two men with Down syndrome of-
fered an impassioned exchange from “A
Midsummer Night’s Dream”; a pair of deaf
actors enacted, in sign language, a dialogue
from “As You Like It”; a man sitting quietly
for a while on a row of chairs suddenly burst
into an operatic rendition of Sonnet 29, to the
mild alarm of his sandwich-munching neigh-
bors.
This was “What You Will: Pop-Up Shake-
speare,” a five-day event at various spots in
London conceived by the actor Mark Britain’s Arts-Mad Summer, on an Olympic Scale RACHEL BIBBY
“Peace Camp” by Deborah Warner and
Fiona Shaw,on a Scottish island. ROSLYN
SULCAS CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK Continued on Page 5
A Somber ‘Cinderella’
Alexei Ratmansky’s ballet is
performed at the Edinburgh
Festival. Review, PAGE 3
.
INSIDE “Who’s got their shoes on?” It’s a question I still hear in
the high, amiable voice of Bust-
er Brown, a beloved tap dancer
who spoke it often during the
weekly tap dance
jam sessions he
hosted from 1997
until his death, at
88, in 2002. The sup-
ple bounce of
Brown’s expert tap-
ping was an extension of his
easygoing personality, and the
question was indicative of the
loose structure and open for-
mat he preferred. Anyone who
wanted to dance could have a
turn. The shoes didn’t even
need to be tied.
Jam sessions are essential to
the improvisatory tap dancing
that evolved along with jazz.
They’re a kind of public practic-
ing, an irreplaceable chance for
dancers to test themselves be-
fore their peers and whoever
else turns up to watch. Formats
vary, but the most common in-
volves a dancer’s telling the
house musicians which song he
wants them to play, setting a
tempo and seeing where inspi-
ration might take themall for a
few minutes.
Back when Brown was host-
ing, you could count on his
question’s being answered,
week after week, by a prodigy
in her early teens named Mi-
chela Marino Lerman. These
days it’s Ms. Lerman, now 26,
who is doing the asking, as the
host of her own session every
Wednesday evening at Smalls
in the West Village,the only
weekly jam in town. She’s been
at it for three years, but it
wasn’t until August —a slow
month for dance critics —that I
dropped by a few times.
“Who’s got their shoes on?”
is one of several ways that Ms.
Lerman replicates in this sub-
terranean club the family-pic-
nic feeling fostered by Brown,
who became like a grandfather
to her. She greets each dancer
as he did, with a hug. The lack
of a dress code (lots of T-shirts
and shorts in August) is less
formal than the ways of the al-
ways stylish Brown,but true to
his come-as-you-are attitude. Every session ends with a
Shim Sham, a traditional group CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK
BRIAN
SEIBERT Continued on Page 5
The Feet
Sing Scat
At Jams
For Tap
When LL Cool J filmed his
1997 commercial for the Gap, it
was a milestone: never before
had a rapper been called on to
endorse as mainstream an ap-
parel company.
The commercial
was minimal
and cool: LL
Cool J, rapping
a cappella in
front of a white
background, quick camera cuts
matching the speed of his
verse.
“G-A-P gritty, ready to go,”
he rapped, “For us, by us, on
the low.”
See what he did there? In one
of the slicker guerrilla market-
ing maneuvers in recent times,
LL Cool J managed to promote
the rising black-owned clothing
line FUBU (the label stands for
For Us, by Us) — in which he
had a financial interest — by
sneaking a reference to it into
an ad for an exponentially larg-
er brand. (He also wore a
FUBUhat in the clip.)
A little something for them, a
little something for us:that’s
how Chris Lighty, LL Cool J’s
manager, liked to do business.
Mr. Lighty, who died on
Thursday in an apparent sui-
cide, at 44, was one of the most
powerful managers in hip-hop,
an executive who distinguished
himself by knocking down the
often stiff wall that separated
hip-hop culture from the main-
stream, back when those
worlds were far apart and still
regarding each other warily.
The LL Cool J Gap commer-
cial was just one of several
high-profile corporate relation-
ships he arranged for his rap-
per clients. This was before hip-
JON
CARAMANICA AN
APPRAISAL
Continued on Page 4
He Took
Hip-Hop
From Gritty
To Global
JOHNNY NUNEZ/WIREIMAGE
The manager Chris Lighty,
left,with 50 Cent. Mr.
Lighty died on Thursday.
By DANIEL J. WAKIN
The All-Star Orchestra. It sounds like a
barnstorming swing band filtered
through the tinny radio speakers of 1930s
America.
Instead it is the name bestowed on
a pickup ensemble of musicians — in-
cluding prominent principal players —
from some of the nation’s major classical
music orchestras. They met for four days
this week to record war horses and con-
temporary pieces as part of a projected
new educational series intended for
broadcast on WNET.
It was an unusual foray of its kind
these days, an evocation of Leonard
Bernstein’s appearances on the celebrat-
ed “Omnibus” program of the 1950s and
his Young People’s Concerts. Events in
the style of “Great Performances” often
find their way onto public television and
cable, but rarely a series devoted to clas-
sical-music appreciation. A notable ex-
ception is “Keeping Score,” a PBS series
by the conductor Michael Tilson Thomas
and his San Francisco Symphony.
The project has brought together an
unusual gathering of far-flung talent.
About half of the 95 musicians come from
outside New York. Their homes include
the Philadelphia Orchestra,the Boston
Symphony Orchestra,the Chicago Sym-
phony Orchestra,the National Sympho-
ny Orchestra,the Seattle Symphony,the
Houston Symphony,the Tulsa Sympho-
ny,the Minnesota Orchestra,the Pitts-
burgh Symphony Orchestra,the Rich-
mond Symphony,the San Francisco
Symphony,the Cincinnati Symphony Or-
chestra and the New Jersey Symphony
Orchestra.
The other half are from the New
York area: the Metropolitan Opera, the
New York Philharmonic, Orpheus, the
Orchestra of St. Luke’s and New York BRIAN HARKIN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Pickup Orchestra of Stars, Made for TV
The makeup artist Sarah Levine
makes sure every hair is in place for
the conductor Gerard Schwarz.
Continued on Page 7
C2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
A Judge May Have New Role on ‘American Idol’
Randy Jackson, below, the lone judge still standing from the origi-
nal incarnation of “American Idol,” may be moving into a lower-profile
mentorship role,as that Fox singing competition makes sweeping
changes to its lineup. Fox declined to comment on Friday on reports
from TMZ and other Web sites that Mr. Jackson was leaving the
judges’ table. TMZ said he was expected to become a mentor to con-
testants on “Idol,” a tele-
vision juggernaut that is
entering its 12th season. Mr. Jackson has
been a judge on the se-
ries since it made its pre-
miere in the United
States in 2002. It quickly
became the highest-rat-
ed entertainment show
in the country and a ma-
jor force in pop culture.
The other two original
judges, only Paula Abdul
and Simon Cowell, left in
2009 and 2010. Since then
a number of others have
briefly sat in the seats,
including Jennifer Lopez
and Steven Tyler, who
both exited this summer,
after the 11th season, leaving Mr. Jackson as the sole judge. Fox and
the show’s producers are now rebuilding the lineup person by person.
This week E! News reported that a former executive producer of
“Idol,” Nigel Lythgoe, was going to return to produce the new season. Like other shows entering their teenage years, “Idol” has suf-
fered declines in ratings. The decline was especially severe in the
spring. In the months since the May finale, names of possible new
judges have surfaced regularly. Only one, Mariah Carey, has been
confirmed by Fox. The pop star Nicki Minaj and the country singer
Keith Urban are also reported to be in the mix. But Fox and the pro-
ducers have been mum about the possibilities, preferring to comment
only when the deals are signed. They can’t wait too much longer: the
singers’ auditions for the next season usually start at the end of Sep-
tember or the beginning of October, ahead of a January premiere. BRIAN STELTER
A Fictional SEAL Team
On a Hellish Adventure
Since its announcement last
week, the book “No Easy Day:
The Firsthand Account of the
Mission That Killed Osama bin
Laden,” written by a pseudony-
mous member of that Navy SEAL
team mission, has stirred up unin-
tended controversies over its au-
thor’s right to
disclose the de-
tails of the oper-
ation; his iden-
tity; and any
perceived polit-
ical motives be-
hind its publica-
tion. Meanwhile, a
fictional story
of Navy SEALs is deliberately
trying to catch hell. A new novel
by Weston Ochse, “SEAL Team
666,” to be published by Thomas
Dunne Books on Dec. 11, is posi-
tioning itself as “SEAL Team 6
meets Stephen King,” according
to the publisher’s catalog copy.In
the book a cadet named Jack
Walker is brought into a special-
ops squad that fights “demons,
possessed humans, mass-mur-
dering cults and evil in its most
dark and ancient form.” Mr. Ochse, whose book “Scare-
crow Gods” won a Bram Stoker
Award in 2005 for best first novel,
said that he was inspired to write
“SEAL Team 666” in May 2011,
when he was attending a writers’
convention and saw TV news re-
ports about the raid on bin Lad-
en’s compound. “I’m a dark-fiction author,” Mr.
Ochse said Friday in a telephone
interview. “That’s the stuff I like
to write and the kind of stuff I like
to read, and I just thought to my-
self, ‘What if there was a special
SEAL team — an even more spe-
cial SEAL team — that protected
America against supernatural at-
tack? And what if this was a se-
cret? And even, what if some of
the bad guys out there that we’re
following aren’t really human?’” In a biography for his publish-
er, Mr. Ochse identifies himself as
working for the Defense Intelli-
gence Agency. (“Just call me an
intelligence officer,” he said.) He
said he knewseveral members of
SEAL Team 6, and was surprised
to hear about the publication of
“No Easy Day.” “Frankly, I didn’t
think anything was going to be
published because getting stuff
cleared is pretty hard,” Mr. Ochse
said. Jonathan Franzen Essay
Heads to the Stage
“House for Sale,” a play adapt-
ed from an essay by Jonathan
Franzen, is coming to Off Broad-
way. In the essay Mr. Franzen
wrote about selling his family’s
house in Missouri after the death
of his mother. Daniel Fish adapt-
ed the essay and will direct the
show. Mr. Fish’s last production,
“A (radically condensed and ex-
panded) SUPPOSEDLY FUN
THING I’LL NEVER DO AGAIN
(after David Foster Wallace),”
featured performers listening to
Wallace’s voice through head-
phones and reciting what they
heard. Mr. Fish described
“House for Sale” as “five actors
covering Franzen’s essay, the
way a band would cover a song.” The show is
being produced
by the Trans-
port Group and
will be staged
at the Duke on
42nd Street.
Previews begin
on Oct. 13,
opening night
is planned for Oct. 21, and the
show is to run till Nov. 18. “It doesn’t take the form of a
play, with characters acting out
scenes in the essay,” Mr. Fish
said. “It’s more five people, all of
whom have a story, and every-
one’s story happens to be the
same story, and everyone plays
that story differently.” He added
that the play would present the
essay of Mr. Franzen, above,
“word for word.” Rob Campbell,
Lisa Joyce, Christina Rouner,
Merritt Janson and Michael Rud-
ko will make up the cast. JOHN WILLIAMS
Brooklyn Comedy Festival Announces Its Lineup
Brooklyn comedy is bustling.
The Brooklyn Academy of Music
recently started a stand-up se-
ries. Spaces like Littlefield and
the Knitting Factory in Williams-
burg have become reliable homes
for great comedy. And Louis C.K.
has made a habit of working out
early versions of his annual
stand-up specials at the Bell
House. But the anchor of the
Brooklyn scene is probably Eu-
gene Mirman, below, the comic
who runs a weekly Sunday show
at Union Hall (where much of
Mike Birbi-
glia’s movie
“Sleepwalk
With Me” was
set) and organ-
izes and hosts
the Eugene
Mirman Com-
edy Festival. This free-
wheeling, talent-packed event
has none of the stuffy air of more
established festivals. It takes
place Sept. 13 through 16 at the
Bell House and Union Hall. Vet-
eran comedians like Jon Glaser,
Todd Barry and Sarah Silverman
will appear, as will young, emerg-
ing comics like Michael Che and
Brent Sullivan, and some special
guests. The events include a Sat-
urday show titled “Uh Oh: Dan-
gerous, Inappropriate Comedy
for Teenagers” and a festival of
short films on Sunday. JASONZINOMAN
Arts, Briefly
Compiled by Dave Itzkoff DAVE KOTINSKY/GETTY IMAGES
Check out the colorful issues
of T
: The Times Style Magazine
N
C3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
EDINBURGH — It’s odd to
think that in 2002, when Alexei
Ratmansky created “Cinderella”
for the Mariinsky Ballet in St. Pe-
tersburg, he was virtually un-
known to Western audi-
ences. A decade and a
fast rise to choreo-
graphic fame later, Mr.
Ratmansky, who is
American Ballet Thea-
ter’s artist in residence,
is frequently described as the
most important ballet choreogra-
pher working today. The Mariinsky still performs
“Cinderella,” which opened on
Thursday night as part of the Ed-
inburgh International Festival.
The short season at the Festival
Theater has the glittery appeal
not just of Russian ballet glamour
but also of the on-podium pres-
ence of the Mariinsky’s director
and principal conductor, Valery
Gergiev.
Mr. Gergiev’s brooding cha-
risma undoubtedly lent the occa-
sion a bit of sparkle, as did the
first-night casting of Diana Vish-
neva (for whom Mr. Ratmansky
created the title role), Igor Kolb
as her prince, and Ekaterina Kon-
daurova as the stepmother. But if
the members of the audience
were anticipating the pretty-as-a-
picture “Cinderella” common to
most ballet productions, their ex-
pectations would have been
slightly deflated.
Mr. Ratmansky’s version is es-
sentially somber, and in this re-
spect it catches the mordant, sar-
castic qualities of the Prokofiev
score,although it also responds
to its gloriously danceable melo-
dies. (Both of these aspects were
resonantly apparent in Mr. Ger-
giev’s account.) But this “Cinder-
ella” is a curiously uneven work,
suggesting that Mr. Ratmansky
hadn’t yet quite worked out the
balance between obeisance to
ballet tradition and subversion of
it — a tightrope that he walks
with bravura aplomb in later
pieces like “Namouna” (2010)
and “Psyché” (2011).
Unlike Frederick Ashton’s 1948
“Cinderella” (to which there are
occasional references), Mr. Rat-
mansky’s version has the stepsis-
ter and stepmother roles danced
by women rather than men, and
they are not fond, funny carica-
tures, although Ms. Kondaurova
gives the stepmother a Cruella de
Vil allure. Their characters are
vain, vapid and almost too self-
absorbed to be cruel to Cinderel-
la, who is more ignored than
abused. There are no fairies,
elves, mice or pumpkins; the
Fairy Godmother is renamed the
Fairy Tramp (danced with ghoul-
ish glee by Elena Bazhenova)
and has a decidedly bag-lady air.
No one, apart from the heroine,
and perhaps the Prince, is partic-
ularly nice. The ball shows us
bored revelers who regard Cin-
derella with an air of sophisticat-
ed disdain; the Prince’s black-
clad friends have a vaguely sinis-
ter air; and there is no reconcilia-
tion between Cinderella and her
family at the end. (Her stepmoth-
er and stepsisters walk off, too
proud to accept her tentative ap-
proaches; her drunken father
embraces her, then asks for
money and leaves. It’s all pretty
grim.)
All of this is amplified by the in-
dustrial, nonrealist aesthetic of
the ballet’s design, by Ilya Utkin
and Yevgeny Monakhov. The
home scenes take place between
large metal staircases on each
side of the stage; the ball has a
Piranesi-like perspective and a
huge chandelier that revolves to
become an abstract clock. The
costumes (by Elena Markov-
skaya), too, are spare, with a
1920s inflection for the women at
the ball that echoes Mr. Ratman-
sky’s use of social and ballroom
dances in this scene. Mr. Ratmansky nonetheless
sticks faithfully to the story and
structure of the ballet. His one
narrative innovation is the intro-
duction of the Four Seasons
(Vasily Tkachenko, Anton Pimo-
nov, Maxim Zyuzin, Ivan Sitni-
kov) who preside silently on the
stairs in Act I, dance during the
transformation scene and appear
at the fateful clock-striking mo-
ment. They are dressed in clown-
ish fashion, with brightly painted
faces and wigs, and they add a
fanciful element that sits oddly
with the somewhat sardonic tone
of the rest of the ballet.
This element is felt too in Act
III,when the Prince seeks the
owner of the dropped slipper. Mr.
Ratmansky has him visit an all-
female Spanish gaggle, then,
very amusingly, an effete all-
male group. These hints of sexual discovery
and the suggestion of self-em-
powerment that Mr. Ratmansky
offers Cinderella at the end (she
drops the matching shoe in the
Prince’s lap after coolly watching
her stepmother and stepsisters
try to fit their feet into the other
one) are fascinating,even more
so since the final pas de deux
isn’t uncomplicatedly rapturous,
but is rather permeated by hints
of melancholy.
This may be because Ms. Vish-
neva and Mr. Kolb had almost no
rapport, even though they
danced perfectly well together.
Mr. Kolb has a beautiful classical
line, a big jump and perfectly
placed pirouettes. Ms. Vishneva,
one of the world’s major balleri-
nas, is justly famed for her exqui-
sitely mobile back and arms, her
fluid lyricism and effortlessly
light jump. It didn’t matter too
much that Mr. Kolb offered only
minimal characterization of his
Prince (a bit smug in Act II, con-
fused or ardent in Act III). But it
did matter that Ms. Vishneva’s
interpretation was that of one of
the world’s major ballerinas play-
ing Cinderella.
This mannered, self-conscious
style was new in my experience
of watching Ms. Vishneva, and
disappointing, since it removed
any possibility of empathy for her
character and left only a slightly
empty admiration for the physi-
cal beauty of her dancing. Per-
haps it also made this “Cinderel-
la” seem more puzzlingly at odds
with itself than it really is. Mr.
Ratmansky is expected to chor-
eograph a new “Cinderella,” for
the Australian Ballet, next year.
It will be fascinating to see what
he does with it now.
DANCE
REVIEW ROSLYN
SULCAS The Poor, Sweet Girl Gets Her Prince, but Life Is Not All Roses
“Cinderella” is performed
through Saturday at the Festival
Theater in Edinburgh; 44-131-529-
6000, eif.co.uk. VALENTIN BARANOVSKY
Cinderella The Mariinsky Ballet performing Alexei Ratmansky’s choreography at the Edinburgh International Festival, with sets by Ilya Utkin and Yevgeny Monakhov. card-reading skills. These were
exhibited in the diagramed deal,
which was played nearly 40
years ago.
Over West’s takeout double,
Kennedy (North) responded
two no-trump, which showed
four-card or longer spade sup-
port and at least game-invita-
tional values. (With a strong bal-
anced hand, North would have
redoubled.) Sanders (South)
signed off in three spades,and
North raised to game.
With three top losers in the
minors, declarer at first thought
she would need the heart finesse
to succeed. However, given
West’s double, that finesse was
an underdog. Was there any-
thing better?
West, after taking the first
trick with her club king, cashed
the diamond ace and continued
with another diamond. East won
with her king and returned a
club, which declarer ruffed.
Since East had the diamond
king, South decided that West
held the heart queen and was a
candidate for a heart-club
squeeze.
Declarer ruffed her last dia-
mond high in the dummy, then
ran all of her trumps, bringing
everyone down to three cards.
South had her hearts,and dum-
my retained the king-nine of
hearts and queen of clubs. But
what could West keep? She had
to hold the ace of clubs, and so
came down to a doubleton heart.
Carol led a heart to dummy’s
king, played a heart back to her
ace and claimed when West
dropped the queen.
Did you notice that West
missed a difficult chance to de-
feat the contract? If, at Trick 2,
she had led a low diamond, East
could have won and shifted to a
heart. Then East could have re-
gained the lead in diamonds and
played a second heart to destroy
declarer’s communications for
the squeeze.
Both Carol and Tom will be
greatly missed; they gave so
much to the game they loved.
•
The column on Thursday mis-
stated both the number of imps
in the diagramed deal in the
match between the Milner team
and Canada, and the potential
difference between them if de-
clarer had failed to make six
spades. It was 11 imps for Mil-
ner, not 12, and the potential dif-
ference could have been 22, not
23.
Bridge has lost two of its stal-
warts, Tom and Carol Sanders of
Nashville.
Tom died last December and
Carol, his wife, on Monday. Both
are members of the American
Contract Bridge League’s Hall of
Fame.
As a player, Tom won a silver
medal in the 1994 World Senior
Teams. As a nonplaying captain,
he received a gold medal at the
1981 Bermuda Bowl. He also cap-
tured 12 national championships
and has one unique record: He is
the only graduate of Vanderbilt
University who has won the Van-
derbilt Knockout Teams. He was
president of the league in 1986
and an architect of its education
foundation.
Carol played for most of her
career with Betty Ann Kennedy,
a partnership that was affection-
ately known as the Belles.
Among the world’s strongest
pairs for many years, they won
four world championships:the
Venice Cup in 1974 and 1976, the
Women’s Pairs in 1982 (qualify-
ing for the final only after a
score correction) and the Wom-
en’s Team Olympiad in 1984.
They were second three times.
(In addition, Carol was the non-
playing captain of the winning
United States Venice Cup team
in 1987 and gained two bronze
world championship medals.)
Carol won 17 national champion-
ships (10 with Kennedy) and
was runner-up 14 times (8 with
Kennedy).
Carol was well known for her
Phillip Alder Bridge C4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
FINAL 3 PERFS- Today 2&8,Tom'w3!
ANational Theatre
of Great Britain Production
JAMESCORDEN
ONE MAN,TWO GUVNORS
Acomedy by RICHARDBEAN
Directed by NICHOLASHYTNER
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Music Box Theatre (+) 239 W.45th St.
WINNER!5 TONYAWARDS
"An absurdly funny fantastical journey."
—Entertainment Weekly
PETER AND THE
STARCATCHER
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Tue -Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8;Sun 3
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Groups (12+) 877-321-0020
Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
TODAYAT 2 &8
"IMPOSSIBLE TORESIST."
-NewYork Times Critic's Pick
ROCK OF AGES
Broadway's Best Party
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Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30
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Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
SPIDER-MAN
TURN OFF THE DARK
877-250-2929 or Ticketmaster.com
Tu- Th 7:30;Fr &Sa 8;We 1:30;Sa 2;Su 3
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Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYpresents
THE LION KING
The Landmark Musical Event
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or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tu-We 7;Th-Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &6:30
Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street
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THE PHANTOM OF
THE OPERA
Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
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Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
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BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
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WAR HORSE
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WICKED
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WickedtheMusical.com
Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
"SCREAMINGLYFUNNY!"- AP
EXTENDEDTHRUOCT 21
BULLET FOR ADOLF
By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman
Directed by Woody Harrelson
M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7
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NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street
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BLUE MAN GROUP
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Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
THE MUSICAL HIT OF THE SEASON
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MALTBYANDSHIRE'S
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Today 2:30&8,Tom'w3&7-Thru 10/6 only!
"EXHILARATING!"-The NewYorker
""
(COCKFIGHTPLAY.com)
by MIKE BARTLETT
Directed by JAMESMACDONALD
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47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
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CHAPLIN
THE MUSICAL
The Big Musical About the Little Tramp
Tu 7;We 2&7:30;Th 7;Fr 8;Sa 2&8;Su 3
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Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street
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CLYBOURNE PARK
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Walter Kerr Theatre,219 West 48th St
BEST MUSICAL
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JERSEY BOYS
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August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
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MARY POPPINS
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NEWSIES
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Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
THE HILARIOUS
TONY-WINNINGNEWMUSICAL!
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MATTHEWBRODERICK KELLI O'HARA
NICE WORK
IF YOU CAN GET IT
Music &Lyrics by
GEORGE GERSHWIN&IRAGERSHWIN
Book by JOE DIPIETRO
Directed and Choreographed by
KATHLEENMARSHALL
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ONCE
ANewMusical
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OnceMusical.com
The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
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Primary Stages presents
HARRISON,TX:THREE
PLAYS BY HORTON FOOTE
Directed by PamMacKinnon
Tue-Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 7
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59E59 Theaters,59 E.59th St.
"SURREAL ANDHAUNTING"-Newsday
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Signature Theatre presents
HEARTLESS
by SamShepard
directed by Daniel Aukin
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The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
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OLD JEWS TELLING JOKES
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Sat 2;Sun 3
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The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St.
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STOMP
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Signature Theatre presents
THE TRAIN DRIVER
written and directed by
Athol Fugard
Tue-Fri at 7:30;Wed at 2;
Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2
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The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
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TRIBES
ANewPlay by NINARAINE
Directed by DAVIDCROMER
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www.TribesThePlay.com
BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
OFF−BROADWAY
BROADWAY
NORTH
S A J 7 5
h K 9 3
d Q 4
C Q 10 9 3
WEST
S — h Q 10 7 6 2
d A 8 5 2
C A K J 4
EAST
S 10 6 3
h 8 5
d K J 10 9
C 8 7 5 2
SOUTH(D)
S K Q 9 8 4 2
h A J 4
d 7 6 3
C 6
Neither side was vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
— — — 1 S
Dbl. 2 N.T. Pass 3 S
Pass 4 S Pass Pass
Pass
West led the club king.
hop’s great age of pop compro-
mise. Back then hip-hop was still
outsider culture, and still proving
itself, both commercially and so-
cioculturally. Acquiring wealth was an obvi-
ous strategy against irrelevance
or being overlooked. So the goal
was to build rappers — and their
brands — from the streets up,
without ever sacrificing their
connections to their background.
Scale big and don’t dilute: those
were the rules. That meant en-
dorsement deals, vanity clothing
lines and more, anything that
could bear the weight of a rap-
per’s image, anything that could
extend a reach.
So when Mr. Lighty partnered
some of his clients with Sprite,
the results were some of the most
viscerally hip-hop ads of the day.
Or even later, when he helped ne-
gotiate 50 Cent’s stake in Gla-
ceau, the company that makes
Vitaminwater, it was with an eye
toward not just lending his cli-
ent’s credibility but also letting
the client do so on his own terms.
Mr. Lighty didn’t change his art-
ists; he encouraged them to infil-
trate.
That was at least partly be-
cause of his background. A child
of the Bronx, Mr. Lighty was at-
tracted to New York artists,
many with a toughness about
them. He grew up at a time when
hip-hop was growing quickly but
was still seen as a sound and
style that was best kept at arm’s
length. In his own career he saw hip-
hop through all its stages of suc-
cess. He began by carrying
crates for the venerable Kool DJ
Red Alert;eventually became a
road manager for Boogie Down
Productions and the Jungle
Brothers;and then an artist
manager, with a roster that at
various points included 50 Cent,
LL Cool J, De La Soul and Mobb
Deep. He also formed a label, Vio-
lator Records, which signed New
York artists like Fat Joe and the
Beatnuts, back when New York
rap was both a distinctive style
and a potential breadwinner.
His company, Violator Man-
agement, had in its earliest years
an aesthetic point of view. Mr.
Lighty preferred streetwise art-
ists to those who might have an
easier time crossing over (LL
Cool J excepted, of course). In addition to Violator, he held
executive positions at Def Jam
and other labels and, before
forming Violator, worked at Rush
Artist Management under Rus-
sell Simmons and Lyor Cohen,
two of the executives responsible
for bringing hip-hop into the
boardroom.
Early on, through Red Alert,
Mr. Lighty became close with the
Native Tongues, the naturalist
New York hip-hop crew of the
late ’80s and early ’90s. He even
got to rap a verse on Black
Sheep’s “Pass the 40.”
Over time, though, it was his
name that would pop up in lyrics,
whether being celebrated by his
clients and peers, or sometimes
taking shots from adversaries. In
at least one case, the shots were
real: in 2003 the Violator office
was strafed with bullets. It was
an awful part of the cost of doing
business. As hip-hop became a money
game, the people responsible for
the cash flow became as impor-
tant as the artists themselves.In
the mid-1990s only a few rappers
could be considered true pop
stars, but at the same time hip-
hop was becoming a commercial
juggernaut on its own, whether
or not the mainstream played
along.
But Mr. Lighty’s success end-
ed up changing the landscape to
the point where his rule book
was decreasingly relevant. Hip-
hop specific brands aren’t as po-
tent as they once were, because
hip-hop has long completed the
path to assimilation — it stands
apart far less than it ever has. By
getting hip-hop in more homes,
in more ways, Mr. Lighty helped
sandpaper its rough edges,
helped weaken the defenses and
the preconceptions that had been
keeping it outside.Hip-hop isn’t
a subcultural curiosity or even
an outsider success story: it is in
the grammar of youth culture, of
the whole country.
Aresult:now it’s taken for
granted that rappers can be pop
stars and brand ambassadors
and fashion icons and global role
models. Because of Mr. Lighty’s
vision, there can be no more “for
us, by us,” because now it’s “by
us, for everyone.”
A Career Taking Hip-Hop From Gritty to Global
JIM COOPER/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Chris Lighty at his office in 2007.He aimed to build rappers and their brands from the street up.
From First Arts Page
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
N
C5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Rylance and one of the quirkier
projects of the London 2012 Festi-
val:the Olympic-scale cultural
accompaniment to the Games
that, when its 12-week run ends
on Sept. 9, will have offered thou-
sands of arts events to millions of
people across the country. It was
an opportunity, Mr. Rylance said,
as he proudly surveyed his 50-
strong troupe, for a personal en-
counter with art.
“We are poetry terrorists,” he
added, laughing.
London 2012 hasn’t lacked for
either hugely ambitious or
charmingly idiosyncratic enter-
prises. It has included a World
Shakespeare Festival (with every
one of his works, performed by
companies from all over the
world); a major Pina Bausch sea-
son; Gustavo Dudamel’s Sistema
project in Raploch, Scotland; the
Africa Express, a train bearing
musicians from Africa and Eu-
rope across Britain; and free con-
certs for 160,000 at six stages
along the Thames. Wayne McGregor choreo-
graphed for 1,000 people in Tra-
falgar Square, and Elizabeth
Streb’s performers bungee-
jumped off the Millennium
Bridge and hung off the London
Eye.Last week in Birmingham
four string musicians played, in
four helicopters, a section of
Stockhausen’s difficult-to-per-
form(you can understand why)
partly aerial opera “Mittwoch
aus Licht” to an open-air audi-
ence below. The festival’s budget was 55
million pounds (about $87 mil-
lion),and 25,000 artists from all
204 competing nations took part
in more than 12,000 events, in
over 900 places around the coun-
try. Critically,it has been a major
success here, a prime public rela-
tions opportunity for Britain,
with journalists from all over the
world looking on. But for all the
major events and big numbers of
the festival (almost three million
people participated in the public
bell ringing that marked the
opening of the Games on July 27),
tribute should be paid to a few
less-well-publicized events. Those who remember the im-
age of the queen apparently sky
diving with James Bond from a
helicopter during the Olympics’
opening ceremony are likely to
concur that a spirit of eccentrici-
ty is not unknown on these isles.
And, as “What You Will” and
many other odd events show, the
director of the festival, Ruth Mac-
kenzie, and her team did not ne-
glect this important aspect of
British culture. My own favorite bit of pro-
gramming was “Cakebook Brit-
ain,” a competition for which
teams of bakers created cakes in
the shape of landmark heritage
sites, which were then placed on
a gigantic edible map of the Brit-
ish Isles. The prize went, appro-
priately, to a Shakespeare’s
Globe cake, complete with tiny
actors. There were plenty of other
marvelously whimsical ideas.
The artist Jeremy Deller created
“Sacrilege,” a life-size Stone-
henge bouncy castle that has
traveled around the country and
is on tour until Sept. 9, allowing
thousands to have far more fun
around its circular pillars than
solemn summer solstice worship-
ers probably allow themselves. It
is, as the artist put it, “A way to
get reacquainted with ancient
Britain with your shoes off.” In Bexhill-on-Sea, on the south
coast, the artist Richard Wilson
balanced a large bus on the edge
of the landmark Art Deco De La
Warr Pavilion. The work was
called “Hang on a Minute Lads,
I’ve Got a Great Idea,” the last
line of the film “The Italian Job,”
uttered by Michael Caine as the
bus in which he and his band of
fellow robbers are making their
getaway teeters precariously
over the edge of the Italian Alps. “I think this is a perfect time to
hang a large bus off the edge of a
building in a seaside town,” said
the comedian and actor Eddie Iz-
zard, who helped to finance the
project. “I would hope that the
word goes out from our country
that not only do we run excellent
world events, but also we balance
coaches on the edges of buildings
like no one else ever could.”
And then there was “Peace
Camp,” the strange and wonder-
ful idea from the director Debo-
rah Warner and the actress Fiona
Shaw. Set in eight remote coastal
spots around Britain, it was part
theater, part installation and
wholly whimsical. In each place,
hundreds of softly glowing tents
were spaced in regular forma-
tions next to the sea. Love poems,
which Ms. Shaw spent months
collecting and recording, re-
sounded eerily through the air as
visitors walked among the tents,
and the sea crashed around them
as the sky slowly darkened. As I wrote after seeing the
Northumberland Peace Camp,
the glowing tents called to mind a
refugee camp in heaven, and it
also suggested the very different
reality of a Europe fractured by
dissent over immigration and in-
tegration. But it was also a per-
fect image of the kind of utopian
peace among nations and people
that the Olympics would like to
conjure. In the unlikeliness of its
existence and its poetic reso-
nance — the fruit of the infre-
quent marriage of ample budget
and unbounded imagination —
“Peace Camp” was a perfect em-
blem of what London 2012 was
able to achieve. Britain’s Summer,
Arts-Mad On Olympic Scale From First Arts Page
JEFF J MITCHELL/GETTY IMAGES
JAMES COUSENS
Above, Jeremy Deller’s
“Sacrilege,” a life-size soft
version of Stonehenge,
part of the London 2012
cultural jamboree. Left, in
“Hang on a Minute Lads,
I’ve Got a Great Idea,” by
Richard Wilson, a bus
perches on a building. routine, and every week Ms. Ler-
man brings her mother, Terry,
who sits in the back, tending to
Ms. Lerman’s French bulldog,
Buster.
As happened at Brown’s ses-
sions, the open invitation results
in an eclectic mingling of levels
and types. Seven-year-olds
dance,and so do 57-year-olds,and
sometimes the 7-year-olds are the
more skilled. The upended soles
of swing dancers have grazed the
club’s low ceiling, and someone
once tapped while accompanying
himself on the banjo. Excellent
hoofers are consistently in the
mix, not least Ms. Lerman, who’s
at her best in a jam, and the mean
of tap techniques is impressive.
To an observer the range can
seem charming or tiresome, but
the surprises can be worth the
longueurs — to witness a jam is to
visit improvisatory tap dancers in
their natural habitat. (That nearly
half the participants are from
East Asia is merely typical, part
of a historical trend of the past
two decades,as Taiwanese and
Korean dancers have joined the
Japanese as the world’s most
dedicated jammers, visiting New
York for that purpose.) Where Ms. Lerman’s jams di-
verge, and for the better, is in su-
perior musical companions.
There’s always at least a trio of
piano, bass and drums, and as a
hub of young jazz talent, Smalls
attracts high-quality musicians to
sit in. At the piano most weeks is
Theo Hill, who is dating Ms. Ler-
man, or Spike Wilner, one of the
club’s owners. Both are capable of
firmly shepherding a shaky danc-
er through a beginning, climax
and ending, or engaging in real
musical conversation and more
adventurous joint exploration
with surer-footed dancers. The emphasis is musical, aural.
The dancers’ focus is mostly the
musicians or the 5-by-4-foot port-
able wood floor that is half of their
instrument.(The other half is
their shoes.) Tricky footwork,
turns, slides and the dancers’ per-
ambulations across the board’s
area have motivations beyond
sound production, and dancers
can be distinguished by physicali-
ty (who is hesitant, who is at
ease).But the action is concen-
trated below the waist,and direct
appeals to spectators are rare
enough to seem outside the rules.
Here you tell the great from the
good, the inspired from the rote,
by listening for those who have
something to say.
The club, with its haphazard
seating and people milling
around, is designed much more
for listening than for watching,
anyway. The best sightlines
might be those enjoyed by the
people gazing at a live Web feed
from the club’s ceiling-fixed cam-
eras.Tap followers watch and lis-
ten to that feed all over the world,
but the jam isn’t really for them. It’s for a dancer like Warren
Craft, who attends every week. I
remembered Mr. Craft from a few
years back as an exceptionally
talented kid, his looks as clean-cut
as his dancing was precise, an ace
pupil not quite sure what to do
with his long limbs. Now he’s a
sophomore at New York Universi-
ty,with his head shaved, who
flops those limbs around like Da-
vid Byrne. He’s a New Wave hoof-
er, a Hare Krishna with killer feet.
He has shed his juvenile polish,
but there’s a burgeoning maturity
in his sound, an adult patience
that pays off.
“Dancing with live musicians,”
Mr. Craft told me, “expands my
vocabulary naturally.” The open
structure of each turn with the
band, collectively arranging on
the fly whatever song he’s cho-
sen, ensures that there’s “time to
redeem yourself.” Also, he adds,
“coming every week, I get to
catch what everyone else is do-
ing.” Artists playing with and for
each other: that’s the heart of any
jam, but that’s also what makes it
tough to keep a tap jam going.
Many have come and gone since
Brown’s death. Tap dancers are a
quick-to-splinter and hardly
spendthrift tribe;New York real
estate isn’t free;and musicians
rightly want to be paid. At
Small’s, there’s no cover charge,
just a loosely enforced one-drink
minimum. Ms. Lerman has a pa-
tron, Cobi Narita, who subsidizes
the musicians’ fees. The floor was
donated by Hoagy Carmichael Jr.,
son of the songwriter and a tap
aficionado. It also helps greatly that Mr.
Hill and especially Mr. Wilner, the
piano-playing part owner, are mu-
sicians who started their careers
working with tap dancers. For
Ms. Lerman and Mr. Hill, much of
the purpose and importance of a
tap jam at Smalls is to educate
musicians unaware that tap and
jazz grew up together and that
there are still people who play
jazz with their feet. That mission has led to argu-
ments between Ms. Lerman and
Mr. Hill about the anybody-with-
shoes-on-policy, but Ms. Lerman
insists on doing it Brown’s way,
which Mr. Hill has come to appre-
ciate. “It’s a family affair,” he told
me, directing my attention to
Buster the dog, who was happily
watching the jam close to the
club’s cat. PAULA LOBO
Michela Marino Lerman, at the Smalls jam session she hosts, with Alexander Classy on bass and Mark Whitfield on drums.
From First Arts Page
The Feet Do the Scatting at Tap Dancing Jams in the West Village
C6
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Television highlights for a full week, recent
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IFC
. Antwone Fisher (2002). Derek Luke, Joy Bryant. (PG-13) (HD) (5:30)
. Full Metal Jacket (1987). Matthew Modine. Vietnam, via Kubrick. Sprawling, scalding, often piercing. (R) (HD)
. Full Metal Jacket (1987). Matthew Modine. Vietnam, via Kubrick. Sprawling, scalding, often piercing. (R) (HD)
LIFE
The Secret Life of Bees (2008). (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:30)
Tyler Perry’s the Family That Preys (2008). Kathy Bates, Alfre Woodard. Two matriarchs are tested by their families. Black-and-white fable. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Prank My Mom (CC) (HD) (14)
Prank My Mom (CC) (HD) (14)
Prank My Mom (CC) (HD) (14)
Family That Preys
LMN
The Perfect Husband: The Laci Peterson Story (2004, TVF). (6)
Casualties of Love: The Long Island Lolita Story (1993, TVF). Alyssa Milano. The Amy Fisher-Joey Buttafuoco mess. Enough already. (PG-13) The Two Mr. Kissels (2008, TVF). John Stamos. Ripped from the head-
lines, tale of millionaire brothers who both wind up dead. (CC) (HD)
Casualties of Love
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
LOGO
The Baby Wait “Mark and Paul.” (14)
> Nip/Tuck “Liz Cruz.” (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Merrill Bobolit.” Esco-
bar blackmails the surgeons. (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Conor McNamara, 2026.” (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Diana Lubey.” (CC) (MA)
Comedy Central (14)
MIL
. Heartbreak Ridge (1986). (R) (CC) (5) Delta Force II: The Colombian Connection (1990). Marines vs. Latin drug thug’s cartel. The usual wham-crunch.Delta Force II: The Colombian Connection (1990). (R)
MLB
M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights.M.L.B. Regional Coverage. (HD) Quick Pitch
MSG
The Best of Boomer & Carton WN.B.A. Washington Mystics vs. New York Liberty.Garden Garden WN.B.A. Washington Mystics vs. New York Liberty.
MSGPL
Saratoga in 30 Horsemanship Hockey Night Live!: Summer Ice From April 26. (HD) College Football Oklahoma vs. Texas-El Paso. (HD)
MSNBC
Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup: New Mexico (HD) Lockup: Raw “Killers Among Us.” Lockup: Raw “Ganging Up.” Lockup: Raw “Time to Kill.” Pendleton
MTV
The Hills (CC) (PG) (7:14) The Hills (7:49) The Hills (8:24) The Hills (CC) The Hills (CC) The Hills (CC) The Hills (CC) The Hills (CC) The Hills (CC) The Hills (CC)
NBCS
Caught Looking Bull Riding P.B.R. Winstar World Casino Invitational. From Thackerville, Okla. (HD) Game On!Bull Riding P.B.R. Winstar World Casino Invitational.
NGEO
Dark Secrets of the Lusitania A new expedition into the wreck. (HD) (PG) Abandoned (HD) Abandoned (HD) Abandoned (HD) Abandoned (HD) Dark Secrets of the Lusitania (HD) (PG)
NICK
SpongeBob SpongeBob The Last Day of Summer (2007, TVF). Jansen Panettiere. (CC) Yes, Dear (HD) Yes, Dear (HD)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
NICKJR
Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan Ni Hao, Kai-lan Yo Gabba
NY1
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
OVA
. Of Mice and Men (1992). (HD) (5:30)
. Mississippi Burning (1988). Gene Hackman. Slain civil rights workers. Sizzling, relentless drama. (R) (CC) (HD)
. Mississippi Burning (1988). William Dafoe. (R) (CC) (HD)
OWN
Lovetown, U.S.A. (CC) (HD) (PG) Lovetown, U.S.A. (CC) (HD) (14) Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Lovetown, U.S.A. (CC) (HD) (14) Sweetie Pie’s
OXY
Just Friends (2005). (PG-13) (6) I Think I Love My Wife (2007). Chris Rock, Kerry Washington. (R) Just Friends (2005). Ryan Reynolds, Amy Smart. (PG-13) (10:05) Love My Wife
SCIENCE
Factory Made Factory Made In the Shadow of the Moon (CC) (HD) (PG)
●
One Giant Leap: Neil Armstrong In the Shadow of the Moon (CC) (HD) (PG)
SMITH
Unbelievable Flying Objects (HD) The Real Story “Braveheart.” (HD) Air Disasters (CC) (HD) (14) White House Revealed (CC) (HD) The Real Story “Braveheart.” (HD) Air Disasters
SNY
M.L.B. New York Mets vs. Miami Marlins. (HD) Mets Postgame SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
SOAP
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
SPEED
On the Edge Victory Monster Jam (HD) Monster Jam (HD) Nascar Perfor.Nascar Racing Nascar Racing
SPIKE
Star Wars V: The Empire Star Wars VI: Return of the Jedi (1983). Luke and his allies have a confrontation with Darth Vader. The magic is gone. (PG) (HD) Star Wars VI: Return of the Jedi
STYLE
The Sweetest Thing (2002). (R) (6) Gossip Girl “Poison Ivy.” (HD) (PG) Gossip Girl “Bad News Blair.” (HD) Gossip Girl “Dare Devil.” (HD) (14) Gossip Girl (CC) (HD) (PG) Gossip Girl (HD)
SUN
Get to Work “Don’t Get Comfort-
able.” (CC) (HD) (14)
. Wendy and Lucy (2008). Drifter has bad luck on journey to Alaska. Short, simple, perfect story. (R) (CC)
On the Line (CC) (MA)
●
The Sea Inside (2004). Javier Bardem, Belen Rueda. Quadriplegic fights for right to die. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Center of the World (12:10)
SYFY
Outlander (2008). James Caviezel, Ron Perlman. An alien joins forces with Vikings to hunt his enemy. (R) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Predator 2 (1990). Danny Glover, Maria Conchita Alonso. Monster with infrared vision in futuristic L.A. Mindless and mean-spirited. (R) (CC) (HD)
Serenity (2005). Nathan Fillion, Gina Torres. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
TBS
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> The Big Bang Theory
> The Big Bang Theory
Rush Hour 3 (2007). Jackie Chan. Carter and Lee battle Chinese gangsters in Paris. Junky, clunky, grimly unfunny. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Blue Streak (1999). Martin Lawrence, Luke Wilson. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
TCM
2010 (1984). Roy Scheider. Tangled sequel to “2001.” (PG) (CC) (6)
. The Band Wagon (1953). Fred Astaire, Cyd Charisse. Washed-up movie star tries comeback. Memorable musical. Hop on. (CC)
The Barkleys of Broadway (1949). Fred Astaire. Show biz couple who split. Astaire and Rogers’s last film together, and just as well. (CC)
Humoresque (1946). (CC)
TLC
Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real
TNT
Mission: Impossible III (2006). Tom Cruise. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5)
. Ocean’s Eleven (2001). George Clooney, Brad Pitt. Las Vegas casino heist. Soderbergh’s great-looking remake, and that’s just the cast. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Sherlock Holmes (2009). Robert Downey Jr., Jude Law. Detective and partner face strange enemy. Holmes as action hero. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
TRAV
Insane Coaster Wars: Top Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14) Ghost Adv.
TRU
Top 20 Most Shocking (PG) Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Forensic Files Forensic Files Lizard Lick
TVLAND
. Beauty Shop (2005). Queen Latifah, Alicia Silverstone. (PG-13) (CC)
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
USA
Next Friday (2000). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
Bad Boys II (2003). Martin Lawrence, Will Smith. Two detectives battle a drug kingpin in Miami. (R) (CC) (HD) Covert Affairs “Loving the Alien.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Next Friday (2000). (R) (CC) (HD)
VH1
T.I. and Tiny T.I. and Tiny Single Ladies “Finally.” (HD) (14) Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta (14) Honey 2 (2011). Katerina Graham. Troubled dancer prepares for talent show. (PG-13)
WE
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Lauren.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “A Phantom of a Wedding.”
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Cowboy Bride.” (CC) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Under the Sea Bride.” (HD)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Noelle.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
My Fair Wedding
YES
M.L.B. Baltimore Orioles vs. New York Yankees. (CC) (HD) CenterStage (HD) SportsMoney Yanks Mag.M.L.B.
8 P.M. (Showtime) OUR IDIOT BROTHER
(2011) Ned, a sweet, goofy man-child played by
Paul Rudd, above, trustingly sells a bag of weed
to a police officer in a bohemian stretch of
upstate New York and lands in jail. After he’s
released on parole, he goes home to find that his
lady friend (Kathryn Hahn) has taken up with
another hippie type and refuses to give up
custody of Willie Nelson, their dog. So Ned
heads to Brooklyn, crashing with each of his
three sisters (Emily Mortimer, Zooey Deschanel
and Elizabeth Banks) and upending their
cosmopolitan routines in this comedy,directed
by Jesse Peretz from a screenplay by Evgenia
Peretz (his sister) and David Schisgall. “Far too
much in ‘Our Idiot Brother’ is much too easy,
including the soft, sentimental indulgence it
lavishes on Ned and the satirical barbs it flings
at his sisters,” A.O. Scott wrote in The New York
Times. Still, he added, “This dude, who had
seemed at first glance to be a lesser Lebowski,
content to tend his garden and smoke a few nice
buds, turns out to be a curiously retrograde
paladin: the reluctant scourge and benevolent
protector of bossy, wayward and otherwise
messed-up women. And for all its sweetness,
this movie leaves behind the sour taste of
unexamined male entitlement. However clever
those sisters may be, they cannot do it for
themselves. Even if he’s an idiot, brother knows
best.”
NOON (13) RICHARD HEFFNER’S OPEN
MIND Nicole Maestas, an economist with the
RAND Corporation, discusses her Senate
testimony on encouraging work at older ages.
8 P.M. (Nat Geo Wild) DOG WHISPERER Cesar
Millan heads to the Daytona International
Speedway in Florida to help the Nascar drivers
Greg Biffle and Kevin Harvick deal with some
unruly dogs.
8 P.M. (Discovery); 10
P.M. (Science) ONE
GIANT LEAP: A NEIL
ARMSTRONG TRIBUTE
Footage of his last public
appearance,as well as
interviews with his Apollo
11 crewmates Buzz Aldrin
and Michael Collins,is
part of a tribute to Mr.
Armstrong, right, the first man on the Moon,
who died on Aug. 25.
8 P.M. (HBO) HOP(2011) E.B. (voiced by
Russell Brand), the teenage son and reluctant
heir of the Easter Bunny (Hugh Laurie), decides
he’s had it with delivering jelly beans and
baskets and heads to Los Angeles to become a
rock ’n’ roll drummer, where he’s taken in by a
slacker, Fred O’Hare (James Marsden), after
being hit by Fred’s car. “Connoisseurs of the
school of cinema in which fuzzy animated
creatures interact with hard-working, slightly
desperate-looking human actors may find
themselves, if not exactly delighted, then at
least pleasantly tickled,” A.O. Scott wrote in The
Times. “The rest of us, who endure such movies
in the name of family harmony, masochism or
lack of leisure-time imagination, may be happily
surprised to emerge from the theater in
something other than a state of murderous
rage.” 9 P.M. (BBC America) DOCTOR WHOAfter
being kidnapped by his oldest foe in this Season
7 premiere, the Doctor (Matt Smith) is forced to
undertake an impossible mission in a place
known as the Asylum, which even the Daleks
are too terrified to enter.
9 P.M. (13) I WANT TO LIVE!(1958) After four
nominations, Susan Hayward finally won an
Oscar for this portrayal of Barbara Graham, a
young mother of dubious moral character
(translation: she frequents seedy bars and
writes bad checks) who winds up in the gas
chamber after being framed for murder. The
actress “has done some vivid acting in a number
of sordid roles that have called for professional
simulation of personal ordeals of the most
upsetting sort,” Bosley Crowther wrote in The
Times.“But she’s never done anything so vivid
or so shattering to an audience’s nerves.”
10 P.M. (Sundance)
THE SEA INSIDE
(2004) Javier Bardem,
left, stars as Ramón
Sampedro, a former
ship’s mechanic
fighting for the right to
die after living as a
quadriplegic for
nearly 30 years, in this drama directed by
Alejandro Amenábar, which won an Oscar for
best foreign film. “Mr. Bardem, acting above the
neck (except in brief flashbacks and fantasies),
creates a complicated male character, volatile
and witty, with a poet’s soul,” Stephen Holden
wrote in The Times. But, he added, citing
another of Mr. Amenábar’s films, “In the end,
suspenseful narrative devices that worked so
effectively in a gothic fantasy like ‘The Others’
feel contrived when applied to what’s supposed
to be a true story of life, death and the living hell
from which Ramón finally escapes.” KATHRYNSHATTUCK
WHAT’S ON TODAY
NICOLE RIVELLI/WEINSTEIN COMPANY
N
C7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
City Opera.
“This is an opportunity really
to be able to play with the best
players in the world,” said Jauvon
Gilliam, the timpanist of the Na-
tional Symphony Orchestra. “You
make time for it.” The project was devised by the
conductor Gerard Schwarz, who
stepped down as music director
of the Seattle Symphony in 2011,
after 26 years. Many of the or-
chestra members are his old
friends, former colleagues and
Seattle players. Mr. Schwarz also
raised much of the nearly $2 mil-
lion budget for the project from
his longtime supporters in Se-
attle.
WNET’s vice president for pro-
gramming, Stephen Segaller, said
in an e-mail that the series was
“slated to air on our channels
pending editorial review, like ev-
ery other program.” It will prob-
ably have its first broadcast in
January, he said. WNET has also
agreed to consider distributing
the programs to other public
broadcasters.
At the first session on Monday,
cameras on long booms swooped
slowly through the air in the
10,000-square-foot grand ball-
room studio of Manhattan Center.
Nine fixed digital GoPro cam-
eras, the size of cigarette packs
and more often used in moto-
cross or sky diving, were trained
on individual musicians. Mr.
Schwarz led the orchestra in Sho-
stakovich’s Symphony No. 5, re-
versing the order of the four
movements.
“Thank you,Maestro, we’re
ready,” a director’s disembodied
voice said before Mr. Schwarz
would begin conducting a pas-
sage.
He rarely played a section
more than twice. There was no
real rehearsing,given the time
constraints, but Mr. Schwarz said
he trusted the musicians’ long
experience in playing much of
the music.
The players, removed from the
comfort zones of their regular or-
chestras, said they had to pay
special attention to instant ad-
justments of phrasing, balance
and rhythm. They felt the pres-
sure to shine next to respected,
less familiar colleagues.
“I expected this to be good, but
not this good,” the Philadelphia
Orchestra cellist Robert Cafaro
told Mr. Schwarz at a break.
Each of the series’s eight one-
hour programs will feature sev-
eral pieces, with demonstrations
and commentary. More elaborate
multimedia versions will be avail-
able online and via DVD, with
viewers able to click on individ-
ual players and watch interviews
with them and more extensive
historical and analytical com-
mentary.
The orchestra’s executive di-
rector, Paul Schwendener, called
the shows “entry-level pro-
grams” for all ages. Mr. Schwarz said the project
was a natural outgrowth of edu-
cational concerts he put on in Se-
attle. “What we’re trying to do is not
replicate concerts,” he said.
“We’re saying, ‘Watch our TV
show,and maybe this will inspire
you to go to the symphony and
have classical music be part of
your life.’”
Many of the participants were
skeptical of the plan to convene
and record immediately, said Neil
Balm, a trumpeter in the orches-
tra and a contractor for it. “I can’t
tell you how many musicians got
on the phone and said, ‘How are
we going to do that?’” he said.
To keep the sessions as effi-
cient as possible, the musicians
received carefully marked parts
— Mr. Schwarz’s personal copies
— ahead of time. This week was chosen because
it is a rare time when many mu-
sicians are free. Most summer
festivals have ended, and the reg-
ular orchestra season does not
begin until September, at the ear-
liest. What would draw so many mu-
sicians to New York in the dog
days of August, when most would
otherwise be on vacation? There
is the chance to appear on televi-
sion, a rarity these days for most
orchestras. The sessions give
many an occasion to reconnect
with old friends, to play with oth-
er excellent musicians and to
earn a tidy minimum of $1,000 a
day, not including expenses for
the out-of-towners and potential
residuals.
Indeed, something of the air of
a camp reunion infused the first
day. Musicians who had not seen
one another since conservatory
days or past orchestras em-
braced. Along with a number of
Met Opera players, there were
veterans of the Met now playing
in other ensembles. Vincent Lionti, a violist for the
Met, exchanged memories with
Mr. Cafaro, the Philadelphia cel-
list,who had spent a year at the
opera. Mr. Lionti said, “We
played together at Juilliard,” in
the student orchestra and in a
string quartet, 30 years ago. Mr. Schwarz is not playing the
pieces all the way through, as in a
live performance. He generally
has the orchestra play single
movements or shorter sections,
often out of order. Editors will
stitch them together later to cre-
ate a cohesive whole. Mr.
Schwarz likened it to the creation
of a movie. “If you say it’s missing the
sweep, then I’ve failed,” he said.
“If it’s well done, you’re not
aware it’s done in takes.”
The programs are a mix.One,
“What Makes a Masterpiece?,”
consists of Beethoven’s Sympho-
ny No. 5 and Philip Glass’s “Har-
monium Mountain.” “Tchaikov-
sky’s Struggle With Fate” fea-
tures that composer’s Symphony
No. 4 and “Blast!” by David
Stock. “The Diaghilev Connec-
tion” combines Stravinsky’s
“Firebird” Suite, Ravel’s “Daph-
nis and Chloé” Suite No. 2 and
Bright Sheng’s “Prelude to Black
Swan.”
The orchestra includes the
Boston Symphony Orchestra’s
principal oboist, John Ferrillo,
and the Philadelphia Orchestra’s
principal trumpeter, David Bil-
ger, and principal flutist, Jeffrey
Khaner. David Kim, the Philadel-
phia Orchestra’s concertmaster,
has that role here. The other string sections are
led by Marc Ginsberg, the princi-
pal second violinist of the New
York Philharmonic; Rebecca
Young, the associate principal vi-
olist of the Philharmonic; and
Jerry Grossman, the principal
cellist of the Metropolitan Opera
Orchestra.
The orchestra’s name, Mr.
Schwarz said,is meant to invoke
the fun and talent of sports all-
star teams. As Mr. Lionti put it, “I really
consider this like the American
Olympic basketball team.”
BRIAN HARKIN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The conductor Gerard Schwarz leading the All-Star Orchestra, made up of prominent performers from symphonies across the country who came together for four days, at Manhattan Center.
From First Arts Page
An All-Star Pickup Orchestra,Made for Public Television A kind of flash mob:
the musicians arrive,
ready to record. versions of this,” she added. “No
pun intended.”
It is an axiom of Internet life
that the cat video is king, so per-
haps it was only a matter of time
until something like this sprang
up. Museum officials were quick
to note that it was a playful, not
curatorial, offering, less Cannes
than I Can Haz Film Fest, as the
Lolcats might have it. But the fes-
tival did feed into the desire, driv-
en by social media, to translate
digital culture and create com-
munity offline. It explored the
ways that august institutions can
employ the Web as they seek new
audiences. And it highlighted an
age-old rift,bringing some po-
tentially embarrassing behavior
out of the shadows. “A lot of people have cats, but I
don’t think they talk about it as
much — it’s not as visible as the
dogs are,” said Vicki Lowell, sen-
ior vice president for marketing
and operations at the cable chan-
nel Animal Planet, which ap-
proached the Walker to become a
sponsor of the event. Ms. Lowell
was diplomatic about any “inher-
ent dog bias in the culture” but
did allow that cats are “natural
stars.”
The idea for the festival came
from Katie Hill, 28, a program as-
sociate at the museum, who sug-
gested it early this year as a sort
of joke. By spring her bosses
came to believe that it would be a
good fit with the Walker’s Open
Field initiative, which calls for
experimental public program-
ming, often free, on the lawn. The populist ethos extended to
the festival’s choices: submis-
sions were crowd-sourced, and
even that process went viral:
10,000 videos from around the
world were nominated within
months. Ms. Hill watched every
one, convening a jury of more
than a dozen colleagues to help
narrow the options to 79 videos
that were shown in 75 minutes on
Thursday. Some were just a few
seconds long but still displayed
the genre’s signature aesthetics:
the surprise ending, the shaky
camera, the piles of kittens.
Ms. Hill, affectionately re-
ferred to as the Walker’s “crazy
cat lady in residence,” found
there were things she didn’t
know about the world of viral cat
videos.
“I learned that cats have
agents,” she said, when she was
contacted by a representative for
Keyboard Cat and Nyan Cat, two
of the most famous online. In ex-
change for some cross-promo-
tion, he wanted his clients flown
to the festival (inasmuch as they
could be: Nyan Cat is animated).
Ms. Hill gently explained that the
nonprofit Walker did not have
that kind of budget. “I was,like, ‘This isn’t actually
like a Hollywood film festival,’”
she said.
Maybe not, but it did have ce-
lebrity attendees, like Lil Bub, a
petite, smush-faced “perma-kit-
ten,” owned by Mike Bridavsky
of Bloomington, Ind. For two
solid hours his pet was surround-
ed by fans seeking photos, as well
as by a video crew from Vice
magazine. (“Bub takes it all real-
ly well,” Mr. Bridavsky said, “but
she also can’t talk, so she can’t let
me know when she’s had
enough.” Eventually he hid her in
a bag.)
In the style of other film festi-
vals, the clips were grouped into
categories:documentary, for-
eign, art house and lifetime
achievement, which included the
6-year-old girl of “Kittens In-
spired by Kittens,” who narrates
a picture book in quotable style
— or at least, this audience could
quote her. As in life, very little separated
comedy from drama, mostly mu-
sical tension: would Snooky the
tabby vanquish the metronome
or merely continue twitching in
evil rhythm? (Oh, that metro-
nome went down.) The crowd ap-
plauded Maru, from Japan,
known for a love affair with card-
board boxes, and gasped at fat
cats underwater. Videos like
“Kittens Riding Vacuum” were
self-explanatory.
The Golden Kitty award, cho-
sen by visitors to the Walker’s
Web site, went to Will Braden for
his two-minute opus “Henri 2:
Paw de Deux,” about the existen-
tial angst of a black-and-white
French puss. “This goes to show
that the shared love of cat videos
isn’t just a virtual thing, isn’t just
a matter of a few clicks, but actu-
ally something people can share
in real life,” Mr. Braden, 32, said.
“I think this legitimizes it.”
A filmmaker from Seattle, he
now makes his living from Henri,
le Chat Noir, as he’s called. There
is an online store that sells $1,000
worth of T-shirts and mugs a
week, he said, and a book — the
philosophical musings of Henri —
due from a Random House im-
print. Still, Mr. Braden was cir-
cumspect about his good fortune.
“This is so surreal,” he said,
looking out over the huge crowd. Organizers from the Walker,
too, were stunned by the turnout
and pleased by the event’s ripple
effect on social media. “Cool cats
are skipping Romney speech to
see International Cat Film Festi-
val @walkerartcenter,” the may-
or of Minneapolis, R.T. Rybak,
wrote on Twitter, referring to the
counterprogramming of the Re-
publican National Convention. And festivalgoers, especially
those younger than 30, seemed
eager to embrace the communal-
ity. “It’s like an inside joke that
we all are in on,” said Laura Lar-
son, 26, who works in sales here
and wore a T-shirt bearing the
image of Morris, the old 9 Lives
spokesanimal — “the original vi-
ral cat,” she said. John Rust, 29, an information
technology specialist, said that if
the festival were held monthly, he
would come monthly. There is no
limit to the popularity of cats on
screen, agreed Bill Grant, a 23-
year-old software engineer. “I’ve
seen probably hundreds of them,
and I’ve just tapped the surface,”
he said.
In kitty ears and painted-on
whiskers, Lindsey Frey, who is in
her late 20s and works in market-
ing, sensed inspiration. “It’s defi-
nitely made me feel like my cat
does things I should go home and
videotape,” she said, adding,
“The more videos you’ve seen,
the more ‘queen of the cat ladies’
you feel, so it’s nice to see that
people are with you.” Stars With Claws
Purr for Close-Ups
From First Arts Page
JENN ACKERMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
WILL BRADEN
Above,from left, Hilary
Hubanks, Joseph E.
McGreevy and Jerry Woulf
show their fur; left, a scene
from “Henri 2: Pawde Deux,”
winner of the Golden Kitty.
Scenes from the Internet Cat
Video Film Festival:
nytimes.com/arts
ONLINE:VIDEO C8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Metropolitan Forecast
TODAY
.....................Mostly sunny and warm
High 88. A cold front will move south
across the area. This will keep it from get-
ting quite as hot as yesterday despite sun-
shine. There will be a gentle breeze from
the north to northeast.
TONIGHT
.....................................Mainly clear
Low 69. High pressure will move into New
England. It will keep the weather dry al-
though there may be some areas of low
clouds late at night. It will also be a little
cooler.
TOMORROW
...........................Clouds and sun
High 80. The cold front will stall to the
south as high pressure moves across New
England. This will cause an onshore flow,
which will bring further cooling and
clouds.
MONDAY
........................Chance of a shower
The onshore flow will continue, so clouds
will probably limit sunshine throughout the
region. There may also be a shower or a
touch of drizzle. The air will be humid but
not exceptionally warm.
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
......................Showers Tuesday
Tuesday will be variably cloudy with a cou-
ple of showers and thunderstorms possi-
ble. The high will be 80. Wednesday will
be partly sunny with a high of 82.
Cooler air will spread over New England,
but areas to the south will remain very
warm and will also turn more humid.
There will be plenty of sun at the New Eng-
land beaches and those on Long Island
and the Jersey Shore will also turn out
mostly sunny. A thunderstorm may occur
near Assateague and Virginia Beach.
Tropical Rainstorm Isaac will turn east-
ward over the Midwest today. Drenching
downpours will stretch from Arkansas to Il-
linois and will expand eastward over the
Ohio Valley States. A sharp, northern edge
of the rain is likely to continue and will
reach the Great Lakes. The risk of severe
thunderstorms will be greatest south and
east of the storm’s center, mainly over the
lower Mississippi and Ohio Valleys.
Hot and humid conditions will hold over
the South, while cooler air slips into New
England. Hot air will hold over much of the
Plains, west of Isaac’s rain.
A front pushing into the Northwest will
bring thunderstorm activity to part of the
Great Basin and northern Rockies, while
dry weather holds along the Pacific Coast.
100°
90°
80°
70°
60°
Record
highs
Normal
highs
Normal
lows
Record
lows
M T W T F S S M T W
TODAY
High High
Actual
Forecast
range
LowLow
Color bands
indicate water
temperature.
80s
7
0s
60s
89/72 A thunderstorm
Virginia Beach
84/67 Partly sunny, humid
Ocean City Md.
90/66 Partial sunshine
Eastern Shore
85/69 Mostly sunny
N.J. Shore
83/69 Mostly sunny
L.I. South Shore
83/65 Mostly sunny
L.I. North Shore
76/55 Sunny and not as warm
Cape Cod
74/53 Sunshine, cooler
Kennebunkport
Today’s forecast
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
H
L
ISAAC
80s
s
70s
70s
0s
0s
0s
60
60
60
50s
4
0s
30s
0s
100+
1
1
0+
100
0
0+
100
00
1
100+
00+
00+
0
90s
9
90
s
9
0
s
80s
80s
80s
80s
7
70s
7
s
7
0s
70s
70s
70s
70s
70s
s
s
s
70s
70s
70s
70s
70s
70s
70s
7
7
0s
7
0s
60
0s
s
s
60s
60s
P
ierr
e
ck
Bismarck
ck
Fargo
Minneapolis
n
St. Paul
S
Chicago
o
kee
lwauk
Milw
lw
I
Indianapolis
I
i
D
etro
i
t
C
levelan
d
P
ittsburgh
hington
Washington
Washingt
Washingto
W
n
n
i
Philadelphia
Phi
New York
N
chmond
chm
Ric
c
Norfolk
N
N
N
gh
aleigh
Rale
ale
e
Charlotte
te
bia
mb
Colum
m
A
Atlanta
A
Jacksonville
J
Orlando
O
Tampa
a
Mi
a
m
i
N
assa
u
ham
Birmingh
h
m
Mobile
Mo
M
Mo
New
New
Ne
Ne
Orleans
Jackson
n
ge
Baton Rouge
uge
o
Little
Rock
s
Memphis
s
Nas
hvill
e
L
ou
i
sv
ill
e
Charlesto
ston
sto
e
Sioux Falls
o
Casp
Casper
Casp
Cheyenne
nne
nne
De
nv
e
r
rado
Color
r
rings
Spr
r
eg
Winnipeg
Regina
Regina
Regina
Billin
ngs
in
He
l
e
n
a
Boi
ise
ois
Spokane
pokane
pokane
V
ancouver
S
eattle
Re
n
o
S
Sa
an
a
n Fran
an
ancisco
an
co
F
Fresno
Fr
Los A
Ange
A
geles
ge
S
San
an Diego
an
n Diego
n Diego
o
o
o
H
ono
l
u
lu
Hilo
H
H
H
F
F
Fairbanks
F
Anchorage
Anchorage
Juneau
eau
P
hoenix
Tucson
Tucs
Tucs
L
a
s
Vegas
s
alt Lake
Salt Lake
Salt Lake
Cit
City
Cit
Albuquerq
Albuquerque
Albuquerqu
Santa Fe
nta F
anta F
L
ubbock
El
P
as
o
F
t
. W
o
r
t
h
Dalla
s
O
klahoma C
it
y
S
an Antonio
ouston
Hou
Corpus Christi
C
onte
Monterrey
onte
Eugen
ene
Portla
and
d
d
Albany
any
any
Hartford
Har
H
H
a
a
uffalo
Bu
u
To
T
Toronto
T t
O t t a w a
M
ontrea
l
c
Quebec
Burlington
n
on
Manchester
Ma
M
Boston
Bos
Portland
Por
Halifax
H
H
H
nes
Des Moine
ne
O
mah
a
T
o
p
ek
a
W
i
c
hi
ta
K
a
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sas
C
it
y
St. Louis
L
St. L
Springfield
d
i
ISAAC
Isaac remains a slow-
moving system and will spread soaking bands of rain and a couple of thunderstorms across the mid-Mississippi and Ohio Valleys today. Any rainfall is generally welcome in these drought-stricken regions, but some communities will endure flash flooding. Isaac will produce more rain and thunderstorms across the Ohio Valley tomorrow.
Highlight: Flood Threat From Isaac Continues
Moisture
GREATEST
FLOOD THREAT
Showers and
thunderstorms
60°
70°
80°
90°
4
p.m.
12
a.m.
6
a.m.
12
p.m.
4
p.m.
Record
high 100°
(1953)
Normal
high 80°
Normal
low 66°
Record
low 50°
(1976)
THU.YESTERDAY
69°
4 a.m.
90°
4 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Temperature
............. +1.5°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.3°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 78%Yesterday
............. 82%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 3.76Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 2.27Actual
.................... 4.28Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 47.12Actual
.................. 49.93Normal
LAST 30 DAYS
Air pressure Humidity
Cooling Degree Days
Trends
........... 30.09 3 a.m.High
............ 29.96 4 p.m.Low
............. 68% 8 a.m.High
.............. 27% 3 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
p
are with those of the last 30 y
ears.
................................................................... 15Yesterday
...................................................... 369So far this month
...................... 1118So far this season (since January 1)
................................. 955Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Temperature
Average
Below Above
Precipitation
Average
Below Above
H L
TODAY’S HIGHS
FRONTS PRESSURE
COLD HIGH LOW RAINSHOWERS ICEFLURRIES SNOWT-STORMSMOSTLY
CLOUDY
WARM STATIONARY COMPLEX
COLD
PRECIPITATION
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
Cities
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
Sun
Jupiter
Saturn
Moon
Mars
Venus
National Forecast
Boating
Last Quarter New First Quarter Full
Sep. 8 Sep. 15 Sep. 22 Sep. 29
Beach and Ocean Temperatures
10:09 p.m. 11:17 p.m.
RISE
6:23 a.m.
SET
7:28 p.m.
NEXT R
6:24 a.m.
R
11:41 p.m.
S
2:30 p.m.
R
10:17 a.m.
S
9:27 p.m.
S
7:29 a.m.
R
7:41 p.m.
S
8:31 a.m.
R
11:11 a.m.
S
9:38 p.m.
R
2:42 a.m.
S
5:10 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
88/ 69 S 80/ 68 PC
Bridgeport 89/ 67 0 84/ 66 S 78/ 66 PC
Caldwell 90/ 58 0 87/ 61 S 79/ 64 PC
Danbury 88/ 57 0 82/ 59 S 77/ 62 PC
Islip 89/ 62 0 84/ 65 S 79/ 67 PC
Newark 93/ 63 0 88/ 66 S 81/ 67 PC
Trenton 89/ 61 0 84/ 62 S 81/ 66 PC
White Plains 90/ 63 0 84/ 63 S 79/ 65 PC
Albany 88/ 65 0 81/ 55 S 79/ 61 PC
Albuquerque 90/ 65 0 91/ 66 S 93/ 70 PC
Anchorage 56/ 50 0.12 56/ 51 R 60/ 51 R
Atlanta 88/ 75 0.04 88/ 72 T 92/ 72 T
Atlantic City 87/ 73 0 85/ 69 S 79/ 70 PC
Austin 98/ 73 0 97/ 75 PC 97/ 72 S
Baltimore 93/ 70 0 90/ 68 PC 84/ 69 PC
Baton Rouge 86/ 79 0.32 91/ 76 T 90/ 75 PC
Birmingham 87/ 75 0.03 90/ 74 T 91/ 73 T
Boise 92/ 61 0 86/ 56 S 84/ 57 S
Boston 90/ 70 0 77/ 61 S 76/ 60 PC
Buffalo 83/ 62 0 82/ 58 S 81/ 63 PC
Burlington 81/ 59 Tr 76/ 50 S 77/ 53 PC
Casper 93/ 58 0 91/ 58 PC 86/ 52 PC
Charlotte 92/ 69 0 92/ 70 T 91/ 71 T
Chattanooga 87/ 70 Tr 88/ 70 T 93/ 72 T
Chicago 92/ 70 0 79/ 72 T 82/ 72 R
Cincinnati 87/ 70 0.03 84/ 70 T 81/ 73 T
Cleveland 92/ 67 0 82/ 63 PC 81/ 67 T
Colorado Springs 87/ 55 0 86/ 60 PC 88/ 58 PC
Columbus 95/ 72 0 84/ 71 T 85/ 71 R
Concord, N.H. 86/ 60 0.02 78/ 50 S 78/ 50 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 99/ 76 0 98/ 77 S 98/ 78 S
Denver 92/ 60 0 94/ 64 PC 89/ 60 PC
Des Moines 92/ 70 0 81/ 67 T 86/ 71 PC
Detroit 94/ 65 0 82/ 63 PC 81/ 67 PC
El Paso 93/ 72 0 93/ 70 S 94/ 73 S
Fargo 82/ 57 0 84/ 67 PC 87/ 58 T
Hartford 91/ 64 0 84/ 59 S 79/ 59 PC
Honolulu 87/ 75 0 88/ 73 PC 87/ 74 PC
Houston 96/ 77 0 93/ 77 T 95/ 77 T
Indianapolis 84/ 72 0.02 79/ 71 R 82/ 73 T
Jackson 90/ 76 0.02 90/ 74 T 89/ 74 T
Jacksonville 89/ 73 0 90/ 71 PC 90/ 70 PC
Kansas City 80/ 71 0.18 80/ 70 T 91/ 69 PC
Key West 90/ 81 0 88/ 81 T 88/ 80 PC
Las Vegas 96/ 81 Tr 94/ 77 PC 94/ 77 PC
Lexington 86/ 70 0.05 85/ 70 T 82/ 71 T
Little Rock 88/ 75 0.63 90/ 74 T 92/ 74 PC
Los Angeles 87/ 67 0 87/ 66 S 88/ 67 PC
Louisville 87/ 73 Tr 83/ 75 T 83/ 73 T
Memphis 93/ 76 Tr 90/ 76 T 91/ 76 T
Miami 89/ 79 0 90/ 77 PC 90/ 78 PC
Milwaukee 92/ 67 0 78/ 67 PC 81/ 68 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 86/ 64 0 82/ 63 S 84/ 70 PC
Nashville 88/ 72 0.07 88/ 73 T 88/ 73 T
New Orleans 87/ 79 0 90/ 76 T 88/ 76 PC
Norfolk 89/ 74 0 89/ 72 PC 83/ 73 T
Oklahoma City 94/ 70 0 98/ 73 S 99/ 76 S
Omaha 94/ 69 0 86/ 66 PC 91/ 71 PC
Orlando 92/ 76 0.05 90/ 72 S 91/ 71 S
Philadelphia 92/ 72 0 89/ 70 S 84/ 68 PC
Phoenix 107/ 87 0 102/ 86 T 105/ 84 PC
Pittsburgh 91/ 69 0 85/ 66 PC 81/ 67 T
Portland, Me. 81/ 63 Tr 76/ 54 S 74/ 55 PC
Portland, Ore. 77/ 52 0 77/ 51 S 76/ 56 PC
Providence 89/ 69 0 80/ 58 S 77/ 58 PC
Raleigh 90/ 72 0 94/ 72 PC 91/ 71 T
Reno 92/ 55 0 85/ 55 S 88/ 58 S
Richmond 93/ 72 0 92/ 71 PC 86/ 71 T
Rochester 92/ 61 0 78/ 54 S 79/ 60 PC
Sacramento 82/ 51 0 84/ 54 S 91/ 58 S
Salt Lake City 89/ 67 0.01 87/ 65 T 85/ 62 T
San Antonio 99/ 77 0 96/ 77 PC 97/ 77 S
San Diego 81/ 72 0 81/ 71 PC 83/ 72 PC
San Francisco 63/ 53 0 66/ 52 Sh 75/ 54 PC
San Jose 70/ 53 0 72/ 54 Sh 84/ 58 S
San Juan 88/ 76 0 89/ 73 S 89/ 73 Sh
Seattle 71/ 49 0 72/ 49 S 72/ 51 PC
Sioux Falls 87/ 64 0 88/ 63 S 87/ 64 PC
Spokane 84/ 51 0 77/ 48 S 76/ 47 S
St. Louis 80/ 75 0.43 79/ 73 R 85/ 74 T
St. Thomas 90/ 78 0.05 90/ 77 S 90/ 77 Sh
Syracuse 92/ 65 0 79/ 55 S 81/ 57 PC
Tampa 92/ 76 0 92/ 77 S 92/ 77 S
Toledo 92/ 66 0 81/ 64 T 81/ 64 T
Tucson 96/ 75 0 97/ 73 T 100/ 77 PC
Tulsa 88/ 73 0.11 92/ 74 PC 98/ 77 S
Virginia Beach 90/ 74 0 89/ 72 PC 83/ 73 T
Washington 97/ 76 0 93/ 73 PC 85/ 71 T
Wichita 91/ 71 0 90/ 69 PC 97/ 75 S
Wilmington, Del. 92/ 70 0 88/ 66 S 84/ 67 PC
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 81/ 72 0.26 78/ 62 T 77/ 58 PC
Cairo 93/ 75 0 94/ 72 S 95/ 73 S
Cape Town 59/ 51 0.08 57/ 41 Sh 59/ 47 S
Dakar 86/ 78 0 88/ 78 T 88/ 77 T
Johannesburg 77/ 52 0 74/ 45 S 71/ 47 S
Nairobi 82/ 55 0 82/ 57 S 82/ 55 S
Tunis 91/ 73 0.04 81/ 67 T 71/ 63 PC
Baghdad 109/ 77 0 106/ 81 S 109/ 81 S
Bangkok 88/ 79 0.10 92/ 76 T 91/ 78 R
Beijing 90/ 75 0 84/ 68 C 78/ 58 R
Damascus 97/ 68 0 97/ 60 S 93/ 62 S
Hong Kong 90/ 81 0.25 90/ 81 T 89/ 80 T
Jakarta 91/ 76 0 91/ 73 S 92/ 74 S
Jerusalem 83/ 68 0 84/ 65 S 85/ 66 S
Karachi 93/ 81 0 95/ 81 T 92/ 82 C
Manila 86/ 77 0.19 88/ 77 T 85/ 76 R
Mumbai 84/ 79 0.34 88/ 82 R 88/ 82 R
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 93/ 78 0.29 91/ 79 T 92/ 79 T
Riyadh 109/ 81 0 107/ 79 S 105/ 74 S
Seoul 82/ 64 0 86/ 72 PC 88/ 70 C
Shanghai 88/ 77 0 88/ 72 PC 87/ 76 S
Singapore 84/ 75 0.09 90/ 79 T 90/ 79 T
Sydney 64/ 43 0.02 65/ 39 PC 68/ 39 S
Taipei 91/ 77 0.01 91/ 78 S 91/ 75 T
Tehran 97/ 77 0 91/ 74 S 89/ 74 S
Tokyo 91/ 81 0 86/ 75 Sh 84/ 74 Sh
Amsterdam 63/ 52 0.62 64/ 57 C 66/ 59 C
Athens 90/ 72 0 88/ 72 S 86/ 73 S
Berlin 66/ 61 0.42 70/ 52 PC 72/ 52 PC
Brussels 63/ 54 0.26 66/ 49 C 69/ 54 PC
Budapest 91/ 55 0 84/ 61 Sh 88/ 61 S
Copenhagen 66/ 59 0.02 67/ 53 PC 67/ 60 C
Dublin 61/ 46 Tr 66/ 59 PC 68/ 55 PC
Edinburgh 57/ 41 0.10 64/ 55 C 65/ 54 PC
Frankfurt 66/ 55 0.06 69/ 51 PC 72/ 54 PC
Geneva 57/ 54 0.71 58/ 48 Sh 69/ 54 Sh
Helsinki 63/ 50 0 61/ 55 R 64/ 54 Sh
Istanbul 82/ 68 0 83/ 73 PC 83/ 73 S
Kiev 70/ 48 0 73/ 56 PC 77/ 60 PC
Lisbon 90/ 66 0 91/ 70 S 93/ 72 S
London 64/ 45 0 73/ 55 PC 72/ 59 PC
Madrid 82/ 54 0 82/ 54 PC 84/ 55 S
Moscow 57/ 48 0.01 59/ 37 PC 59/ 53 R
Nice 84/ 66 0.03 73/ 62 Sh 77/ 63 Sh
Oslo 64/ 50 0 66/ 52 PC 68/ 46 PC
Paris 66/ 52 0 64/ 51 PC 72/ 54 PC
Prague 61/ 55 0.40 66/ 54 C 68/ 55 PC
Rome 84/ 70 0.12 79/ 63 C 77/ 63 Sh
St. Petersburg 58/ 45 0 59/ 47 PC 62/ 52 Sh
Stockholm 61/ 59 1.33 66/ 55 R 68/ 57 C
Vienna 72/ 55 0.35 68/ 61 Sh 78/ 62 C
Warsaw 79/ 55 0 73/ 57 Sh 73/ 52 PC
Acapulco 90/ 75 0.65 91/ 78 T 91/ 76 T
Bermuda 82/ 79 0.04 83/ 74 PC 83/ 74 S
Edmonton 64/ 48 0.02 65/ 48 T 70/ 41 PC
Guadalajara 79/ 63 0.09 80/ 60 T 81/ 59 T
Havana 90/ 75 0 90/ 72 T 89/ 71 Sh
Kingston 90/ 79 0.01 90/ 77 PC 90/ 75 Sh
Martinique 88/ 75 0.04 87/ 71 Sh 89/ 75 T
Mexico City 75/ 56 0 77/ 56 T 77/ 53 T
Monterrey 94/ 75 0.04 93/ 72 T 99/ 70 S
Montreal 79/ 68 0.06 74/ 54 S 76/ 57 PC
Nassau 89/ 80 0 90/ 77 PC 90/ 77 PC
Panama City 84/ 75 0.14 91/ 75 T 89/ 75 T
Quebec City 81/ 66 Tr 72/ 50 S 72/ 55 PC
Santo Domingo 88/ 73 0 89/ 72 Sh 89/ 71 Sh
Toronto 91/ 66 0 80/ 59 S 79/ 64 PC
Vancouver 65/ 54 0 70/ 51 PC 69/ 51 PC
Winnipeg 88/ 50 0 80/ 63 PC 78/ 53 PC
Buenos Aires 75/ 46 0 72/ 57 S 73/ 57 S
Caracas 90/ 76 0.01 92/ 76 S 92/ 76 T
Lima 65/ 59 0 67/ 56 PC 68/ 58 S
Quito 68/ 54 0 72/ 48 T 72/ 50 R
Recife 81/ 73 0 83/ 72 S 82/ 71 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 73/ 62 0.03 81/ 65 S 82/ 67 PC
Santiago 75/ 43 0 77/ 43 S 73/ 45 PC
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Wind will be from the north at 8-16 knots lowering to 6-12 knots later. Waves will be 2-4 feet on the ocean, 1-2 feet on Long Island Sound and 1 foot or less on New York Harbor. Visibility unrestricted.
Atlantic City ................... 8:36 a.m. .............. 8:53 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet ................ 8:44 a.m. .............. 9:01 p.m.
The Battery .................... 9:27 a.m. .............. 9:42 p.m.
Beach Haven ............... 10:14 a.m. ............ 10:31 p.m.
Bridgeport ................... 12:02 a.m. ............ 12:23 p.m.
City Island .................... 12:30 a.m. ............ 12:52 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ................. 9:42 a.m. .............. 9:59 p.m.
Montauk Point ................ 9:54 a.m. ............ 10:14 p.m.
Northport .................... 12:18 p.m. .......................... ---
Port Washington .......... 12:16 a.m. ............ 12:38 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................... 8:56 a.m. .............. 9:13 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet ............ 8:17 a.m. .............. 8:34 p.m.
Stamford ...................... 12:05 a.m. ............ 12:26 p.m.
Tarrytown ..................... 11:16 a.m. ............ 11:31 p.m.
Willets Point ................. 12:27 a.m. ............ 12:49 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 90/ 69 0
WOMEN’S
FASHION
October 21
HOLIDAY
December 2
MEN’S
FASHION
September 9
DESIGN
October 7
November 4
TRAVEL
September 23
November 18
Call It Bold.
Call It Brilliant.
Call It Style As Only The New York Times Can Fashion It
75
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ØØ
N
D1
SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
By TIM ROHAN
STATE COLLEGE, Pa. — This year,
more than most, felt like a long overdue
reunion: Penn State students converg-
ing, the professors awaiting, all savoring
their own slice of normalcy. While away for the summer, they had
been spokesmen and spokeswomen for
their university. They were supposed to
know, supposed to care, supposed to po-
litely shrug off the tiresome off-color
comments about the sexual abuse scan-
dal that had engulfed the institution. “Seems like anywhere I go, anyone I
talk to, I tell them I’m from Penn State
and they get this facial expression like,
‘Oh, you’re a part of that?’” Mike Still, a
senior, said. Here, they did not face that scrutiny.
As Penn State prepared to open its
season on Saturday against visiting
Ohio, blue and white signs reading
“Proud to support Penn State football”
hung in the storefront windows of this
college town. The signs were often juxta-
posed with T-shirts redefining the
N.C.A.A. as the National Communist
Athletic Association, the “C” in Commu-
nist replaced with a hammer and sickle.
Bumper stickers read “Billieve,” a nod to
the new football coach, Bill O’Brien. Ref-
erences to Joe Paterno were relatively
scarce, but a cardboard cutout of his
likeness was placed where a statue of
him once stood at Beaver Stadium. The community is trying to move on,
but some do not accept the Freeh report
as truth, the N.C.A.A.’s penalties as just.
On Monday, 30 former chairmen and
chairwomen of the faculty senate re-
leased a statement defending Penn
State’s academics. On Friday, an alumni
group challenged the university’s board
of trustees in an open letter printed, as a
paid advertisement, in The Centre Daily
Times. And the aftermath of the scandal is WILL YURMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Bryan McSorley, a Penn State junior, whiling away time with tent mates Fri-
day as they waited in hopes of getting tickets for Saturday’s season opener.
Trying to Recapture Normal
Relief at Penn State as a New Season Begins Continued on Page D6
There was no general manager to
summon Andy Roddick into his office to
say solemnly, “Son, I’m afraid we’re not
going to pick up your option.” No one
was about to give him a
nudge or a shove out the
door. Retirement for a
professional tennis player
is all personal reflection,
that elusive intersection
of heart and mind, full un-
derstanding that the time has come. The only remaining questions are
how and when.
A career-long source of sardonic wit
that could be endearing or irritating,
Roddick might not have seemed the
type to need or stage a theatrical exit.
Certainly his announcement wasn’t
made for the benefit of the news media,
which he believes have dwelled too
much on who he wasn’t rather than who
he has been.
But if we have known anything be-
yond the obvious about Roddick, it has
been his fraternal nature, his abiding
friendships with other American play-
ers, men’s and women’s. So as Gregari-
ous Andy considered the possibility of
losing Friday night to a talented 19-
year-old Australian, Bernard Tomic, the
reluctant heart sought one last conces-
sion from the retiring mind.
“I just imagine being off the court to-
morrow in an empty locker room,” Rod-
dick said in his most poignant admis-
sion while declaring this United States
Open his farewell tournament Thurs-
day. “I think I wanted a chance to say
goodbye.”
Not yet, though. Tomic, 19 and playing
a finesse game teleported from when
the Open was played in Forest Hills on
clay, was no more ready for such an oc-
casion than the 20-year-old Roddick was
in 2002 when Pete Sampras blew him
out of the Open quarterfinals during his
last run to championship glory. Serving
consistently in the mid-130s, mixing big HARVEY
ARATON ON
TENNIS RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
It looked like a wave by Andy Rod-
dick, but it wasn’t a goodbye Friday
night at the United States Open.
Ready
To Retire,
Work Yet
To Finish
Continued on Page D5
The practice courts offer an inti-
mate glimpse of the Open. Reno-
vations maychange that. Page D4. A Possibly Endangered Perk
U.S. OPEN
By ZACH SCHONBRUN
A few starts ago, Hiroki Kuroda
threw a seven-inning shutout in a rain-
shortened victory over the Toronto Blue
Jays. The win, on July 18, increased the
Yankees’ lead in the American League
East to a whopping 10
games. The margin
has been slashed to
two, in part, by a rash
of injuries and inconsistent perform-
ances. If the Orioles had not caught the Yan-
kees’ distracted attention, they surely
did after a 6-1 win at Yankee Stadium on
Friday night. It was the Orioles who act-
ed like a first-place team with years of
playoff experience.
Baltimore has not had a winning
record since 1997 and has not won 75
games since 2004, yet it seems to be
thriving in its underdog role.
“I think we all know — it’s a given —
what the Yankees are about and what
they can do,” Manager Buck Showalter
said. “We’ve got to continue to stay fo-
cused on what we have to do and stay in
the moment, which our guys have done
such a good job with all year.”
For the first three innings, a tange-
rine-tinted moon peered over the right-
field stands — a good premonition for
Baltimore, which rushed to an early
lead against Kuroda. In the second, he
allowed back-to-back singles to Adam
Jones and Matt Wieters, and a sacrifice
fly by Chris Davis put the Orioles on the
board. The next batter, Mark Reynolds,
blasted a 2-0 fastball into the left-field Giving the Yankees Reason for Pause
JEFF ZELEVANSKY/GETTY IMAGES
Hiroki Kuroda, who started for the Yankees, en route to the dugout. He pitched eight and a third innings and gave up four runs, three on homers.
RAY STUBBLEBINE/REUTERS
Mark Reynolds hitting a two-run homer off Kuroda in the second in-
ning. The Orioles narrowed the Yankees’ A.L. East lead to two games.
Continued on Page D3
The Race Gets Closer
On July 18, the Yankees had a 10-game lead in the A.L East and owned the best record in the majors. Since then, their record is 18-22. July 18 W-L PCT. GB
Yankees 57-34 .626 —
Baltimore 47-44 .516 10
Aug. 31 W-L PCT. GB
Yankees 75-56 .573 —
Baltimore 73-58 .557 2
ORIOLES 6
YANKEES 1 Brooklyn’s Denise Starr has been
on the far practice courts for U.S.
Open juniors qualifying. Page D4.
Far From Action, But Right at Home
D2
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
S C O R E B OA R D
EQ U E S T R I A N
By JILLIAN DUNHAM
NORTH SALEM, N.Y. — Georgina
Bloomberg, 29, the younger daughter of
New York’s mayor,Michael R. Bloomberg,
practiced in a white T-shirt and dark hel-
met, jumping her bay mare Radio City over
imposing panels and open water in a grass
field at her farm here.
“Once again,” the trainer Jimmy Doyle
said, raising the fences.
Two weeks ago in Halifax, Mass., Bloom-
berg won her first show jumping event
since having spinal surgery last year. She
is looking to repeat at the Hampton Clas-
sic’s Pilatus Cup Grand Prix on Saturday.
After she broke her back twice in falls in
2002 and 2010, doctors told Bloomberg it
was time for surgery, she said during an in-
terview in her stable’s break room.
“When the doctors saw the X-rays, they
said:‘O.K., listen, your back fractures so
easily because it’s so unstable. Every time
you have a bad fall, this is going to keep
happening,’” she said. Bloomberg’s condition is a deformity of
the spine called spondylolisthesis, similar
to scoliosis. Her surgeon, Dr. Oheneba Boa-
chie-Adjei of the Hospital for Special Sur-
gery, said only a small percentage of peo-
ple with spondylolisthesis needed surgery.
“Most of her life, she managed to live
with it,” Boachie-Adjei said from Ghana,
where he was doing charity work.
Consultations with spine experts
changed Bloomberg’s plans.
“There’s a huge danger in knowing ev-
erything that’s wrong with you,” she said.
“I knew I was mentally never going to be
able to come back to the sport until I fixed
myself physically.
“If I’m going to every jump thinking
about what could happen when I do fall
off? You’re going to fall off,” Bloomberg
said.
In July 2011, Boachie-Adjei slipped
Bloomberg’s vertebrae back into place and
spaced them out using bone grafts from
her body and a bone bank, and rods and
pins to hold it all together.
“My hips were so out of whack,” Bloom-
berg said. “My pants were always out of
whack. One of my legs was a quarter of an
inch longer than the other.”
An X-ray image of her spine that she
keeps on her phone shows what appears to
be a softball-sized claw holding her lumbar
spine together. She did not ride for eight
months.
“I’m three-quarters of an inch taller than
I was before — that’s how crooked I was,”
she said.
Bloomberg said she thought that spon-
dylolisthesis contributed to the fall she had
in 2010 on a speed course with tight turns
at the Syracuse Invitational. “Because of the curve of my spine, I was
always off to the left,so my horses always
went right,” she said. “In the air, I’d grip
down my left side. It was a turn where I
gripped down the left side and the saddle
slipped all at once.
“I stood up,and I don’t really believe in
going to the hospital right away,” she said
of the fall. “But I also had a concussion,so I
wasn’t thinking correctly. I went to the bar
with a few friends. I was like:‘Listen, my
back kills.I need to have some alcohol.’”
Bloomberg woke up in the middle of the
night and knew something was wrong.
Doyle took her to a hospital.
Bloomberg has also broken her collar-
bone three times and fractured an ankle.
“I’ve had kind of recurring injuries, spaced
out six months each time, where I’ve never
really gotten back and gotten a good run at
the sport again,” she said.
Now that she has had back surgery,
Bloomberg hopes she will have a better
shot at some of her longtime goals, like
competing in World Cup competitions and
making the United States Olympic team.
Riders with Olympic ambitions plan
years in advance to have a horse ready.
Things can go wrong: the horse can go
lame; the rider can get hurt; the pair can
struggle to work harmoniously.
The wealthiest riders or their sponsors
can buy a top Olympic horse before the
competition. Bloomberg said she did not
have a horse of that caliber and did not ex-
pect to acquire one soon.
“I’m never going to go out and spend $4
million on a horse,” she said. “There’s no
way you can justify spending that kind of
money on a horse. For me, the way I’ve
chosen to do it is to buy nice young horses,
and it just takes a bit longer to do that.
“This is something I feel very strongly
about.Just because you can afford to buy
something doesn’t mean you should.”
Her plan is to bring along her young
Grand Prix prospects and hope for a good
run,which might be the culmination of her
competitive career. “As you get older the sacrifices get big-
ger,” Bloomberg said. “For example, I’m
not willing to give up having children for
the sport.” She has other projects, too. Bloomberg’s
third book in her series of young adult nov-
els, “The A Circuit,” written with Catherine
Hapka, comes out in November. Bloom-
berg also works with the American Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
and the Humane Society. “That’s what I’m on this earth to do, is
stand up for animals,” Bloomberg said.
As a Catalog of Pain Shows,
She Isn’t Riding Just for Show
By MICHAEL SNYDER
MIAMI — The Mets have been anything
but a certainty this season, except perhaps
when they send R.A. Dickey to the mound
against the Miami Marlins. Dickey shut out the Marlins on Friday
night to earn his 17th win, which put him in
a tie atop the majors, as the Mets opened a
three-game series with a 3-0 victory at
Marlins Park.
Dickey (17-4) allowed five hits and three
walks and struck out seven in his fifth com-
plete game, the most in the National
League. Ike Davis drove in three runs, two
in the seventh on his 25th homer, and the
Mets won for the fifth time in six games. Dickey improved to 9-2 in 13 career ap-
pearances against the Marlins, 4-0 this sea-
son. Cincinnati’s Johnny Cueto and Wash-
ington’s Gio Gonzalez also have 17 wins. Dickey, a 37-year-old knuckleballer, im-
proved to 7-0 in seven starts against Miami.
Although the Mets would have to win their
next eight games to return to .500, Dickey
remains in the running to be the team’s
first Cy Young Award winner since Dwight
Gooden in 1985.
On the prospect of winning 20 games,
Dickey said he wasn’t giving it much
thought. “I feel good about competing for 18
right now, and that’s my story and I’m
sticking to it,” he said.
Nevertheless, he acknowledged that he
was hoping for pitching’s top individual
prize. “What pitcher doesn’t?” he said.
“What little kid doesn’t, as he grows up,
want to be a Cy Young Award winner?”
NATIONALS 10, CARDINALS 0 Gio Gonzalez
(17-7) pitched his first career shutout for
host Washington, and Adam LaRoche,
Bryce Harper and Ryan Zimmerman each
drove in two runs. (AP)
PHILLIES 8, BRAVES 5 Erik Kratz hit a
game-tying homer in the ninth against At-
lanta closer Craig Kimbrel,and John May-
berry Jr. hit a three-run shot in the 10th to
lift visiting Philadelphia.
Phillies shortstop Jimmy Rollins,
benched Thursday for failing to hustle,
apologized to Manager Charlie Manuel and
returned to the lineup.
(AP)
BREWERS 9, PIRATES 3 Corey Hart and
Aramis Ramirez each went 3 for 4 with a
homer for host Milwaukee. Pittsburgh
starter Jeff Karstens left after six batters
with discomfort in his right hip flexor; it
was the second straight start he had to end
early because of injury. (AP)
REDS 9, ASTROS 3 Jay Bruce had a three-
run homer and Zack Cozart added a two-
run shot for visiting Cincinnati. (AP)
CUBS 6, GIANTS 4 Alfonso Soriano hit a two-
run homer for host Chicago. (AP) BLUE JAYS 2, RAYS 1 Moises Sierra
homered and threw out pinch-runner Elliot
Johnson at home plate for the final out, pre-
serving Brandon Morrow’s first win since
June 6 for host Toronto.
Tampa Bay acquired outfielder Ben
Francisco from Houston. (AP)
TIGERS 7, WHITE SOX 4 Delmon Young’s
three-run double broke a 4-4 tie in the sev-
enth as host Detroit pulled to two games
behind Chicago atop the American League
Central. (AP)
RANGERS 5, INDIANS 3 Adrian Beltre had
four hits and scored twice to help send host
Cleveland to its sixth straight loss. (AP)
CARDINALS LOSE SHORTSTOP
The St. Louis
Cardinals put shortstop Rafael Furcal on
the 15-day disabled list with a right elbow
injury, and MLB.com reported that initial
examinations indicated damage to his ul-
nar collateral ligament. He is most likely
done for the season. (AP) ROUNDUP Dickey Blanks Marlins for 17th Win
MARC SEROTA/GETTY IMAGES
R.A. Dickey is 9-2 in 13 career appearances against the Marlins, 4-0 this season. BAS E BA L L
BASEBALL
METS SCHEDULE
All Times EDT
Sept. 1 at Miami, 7:10 p.m.
Sept. 2 at Miami, 1:10 p.m.
Sept. 3 at St. Louis, 2:15 p.m.
Sept. 4 at St. Louis, 8:15 p.m.
Sept. 5 at St. Louis, 1:45 p.m.
Sept. 7 Atlanta, 7:10 p.m.
Sept. 8 Atlanta, 4:05 p.m.
A.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Yankees 75 56 .573 —
Baltimore 73 58 .557 2
Tampa Bay 71 61 .538 4
{
Boston 62 70 .470 13
{
Toronto 60 71 .458 15
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 72 59 .550 —
Detroit 70 61 .534 2
Kansas City 59 71 .454 12
{
Cleveland 55 77 .417 17
{
Minnesota 53 78 .405 19
West W L Pct GB
Texas 78 53 .595 —
Oakland 73 57 .562 4
{
Los Angeles 69 62 .527 9
Seattle 64 68 .485 14
{
FRIDAY
Baltimore 6, Yankees 1
Detroit 7, Chicago White Sox 4
Texas 5, Cleveland 3
Toronto 2, Tampa Bay 1
Minnesota at Kansas City, ppd., rain
Boston at Oakland
L.A. Angels at Seattle
CUBS 6, GIANTS 4
San Francisco ab r h bi bb so avg.
Pagan cf 3 2 1 0 1 0 .290
Theriot 2b 3 1 2 0 1 0 .267
Sandoval 3b 3 1 0 1 0 1 .282
Posey c 3 0 3 2 1 0 .329
Pence rf 4 0 1 1 0 0 .262
Belt 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .266
Arias ss 4 0 1 0 0 0 .284
G.Blanco lf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .237
Bumgarner p 1 0 0 0 0 1 .131
Scutaro ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .285
Kontos p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
F.Peguero ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Mijares p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Affeldt p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
H.Sanchez ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .262
Totals 32 4 8 4 3 7
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
Mather rf 3 1 0 0 1 0 .208
Vitters 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .086
Marmol p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Rizzo 1b 4 2 2 1 0 1 .287
A.Soriano lf 4 1 2 3 0 1 .261
S.Castro ss 4 1 1 0 0 0 .277
W.Castillo c 4 1 2 1 0 1 .266
B.Jackson cf 3 0 0 0 1 0 .208
Barney 2b 3 0 1 0 1 0 .255
Volstad p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .143
Beliveau p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
LaHair ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .256
Russell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Camp p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Valbuena ph-3b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .231
Totals 33 6 10 5 3 5
San Francisco 000 101 020—4 8 1
Chicago 104 010 00x—6 10 0
E—Posey (10). LOB—San Francisco 5, Chicago 6. 2B—Posey (30), W.Castillo (7), Barney (25). HR—A.Soriano (24), off Bumgarner; Rizzo (10), off Kontos. RBIs—
Sandoval (46), Posey 2 (82), Pence (81), Rizzo (31), A.Soriano 3 (82), W.Castillo (14). SB—Pagan 2 (23), Mather (3). CS—B.
Jackson (2). SF—Sandoval. San Francisco ip h r er bb so np era
Bumgarner L14-9 4 6 5 4 2 3 85 3.07
Kontos 2 2 1 1 1 2 39 2.21
Mijares 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 5.00
Affeldt 1 2 0 0 0 0 15 2.81
Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
VolstadW2-9 5
Î/¯
5 2 2 3 2 88 6.06
Beliveau H1 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 2 3.09
Russell 1 0 0 0 0 2 20 3.36
Camp 1 3 2 2 0 1 22 3.78
Marmol S17-19 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 3.83
T—3:09. A—32,476 (41,009).
N.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Washington 80 51 .611 —
Atlanta 74 58 .561 6
{
Philadelphia 63 69 .477 17
{
Mets 62 70 .470 18
{
Miami 59 73 .447 21
{
Central W L Pct GB
Cincinnati 81 52 .609 —
St. Louis 71 61 .538 9
{
Pittsburgh 70 61 .534 10
Milwaukee 63 68 .481 17
Chicago 51 80 .389 29
Houston 40 92 .303 40
{
West W L Pct GB
San Francisco 74 58 .561 —
Los Angeles 70 62 .530 4
Arizona 65 67 .492 9
San Diego 62 71 .466 12
{
Colorado 53 77 .408 20
FRIDAY
Mets 3, Miami 0
Chicago Cubs 6, San Francisco 4
Washington 10, St. Louis 0
Philadelphia 8, Atlanta 5, 10 innings
Cincinnati 9, Houston 3
Milwaukee 9, Pittsburgh 3
San Diego 5, Colorado 4
Arizona at L.A. Dodgers
SATURDAY
1:05 Baltimore (Chen (L), 12-7, 3.78) at Yankees (Phelps (R), 3-4, 2.96)
1:07 Tampa Bay (Niemann (R), 2-3, 3.37) at Toronto (Alvarez (R), 7-11, 4.97)
4:05 Los Angeles (Santana (R), 7-11, 5.45) at Seattle (Hernandez (R), 13-5, 2.43)
7:05 Chicago (Liriano (L), 5-10, 5.06) at Detroit (Scherzer (R), 14-6, 4.13)
7:05 Texas (Feldman (R), 6-10, 4.95) at Cleveland (Hernandez (R), 0-3, 7.53)
7:10 Minnesota (Hendriks (R), 0-7, 6.02) at Kansas City (Hochevar (R), 7-12, 4.93)
9:05 Boston (Doubront (L), 10-6, 4.79) at Oakland (Griffin (R), 3-0, 2.42)
SATURDAY
7:10 Mets (Hefner (R), 2-5, 4.65) at Miami (Johnson (R), 7-11, 4.00)
1:05 San Francisco (Lincecum (R), 7-14, 5.30) at Chicago (Germano (R), 2-4, 5.09)
4:05 Philadelphia (Lee (L), 3-7, 3.67) at Atlanta (Hudson (R), 13-4, 3.57)
4:05 St. Louis (Lohse (R), 14-2, 2.64) at Washington (Zmmermann (R), 9-8, 2.63)
7:05 Cincinnati (Bailey (R), 10-9, 4.24) at Houston (Harrell (R), 10-9, 3.92)
7:10 Pittsburgh (Burnett (R), 15-5, 3.67) at Milwaukee (Estrada (R), 2-5, 4.02)
8:10 San Diego (Volquez (R), 9-9, 4.10) at Colorado (Chacin (R), 1-4, 5.55)
9:10 Arizona (Skaggs (L), 1-1, 2.92) at Los Angeles (Beckett (R), 5-12, 5.21)
GOLF
DEUTSCHE BANK CHAMPIONSHIP
TPC Boston
NORTON, MASS.
Purse: $8 million
Yardage: 7,216; Par 71 (36-35)
First Round
Seung-Yul Noh . . . . . . . . .31-31—62 -9
Chris Kirk. . . . . . . . . . . . .32-31—63 -8
Tiger Woods. . . . . . . . . . .32-32—64 -7
Jeff Overton. . . . . . . . . . .34-30—64 -7
Ryan Moore . . . . . . . . . . .30-34—64 -7
Rory McIlroy. . . . . . . . . . .33-32—65 -6
Bryce Molder . . . . . . . . . .34-31—65 -6
John Senden. . . . . . . . . . .33-33—66 -5
Louis Oosthuizen. . . . . . . .34-32—66 -5
Ian Poulter. . . . . . . . . . . .34-33—67 -4
Luke Donald. . . . . . . . . . .33-34—67 -4
Dustin Johnson. . . . . . . . .35-32—67 -4
Charley Hoffman . . . . . . . .35-32—67 -4
Jonas Blixt. . . . . . . . . . . .35-32—67 -4
David Hearn. . . . . . . . . . .32-35—67 -4
Jason Dufner . . . . . . . . . .34-33—67 -4
Charl Schwartzel. . . . . . . .34-34—68 -3
D.A. Points. . . . . . . . . . . .36-32—68 -3
Bud Cauley . . . . . . . . . . .36-32—68 -3
Lee Westwood . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -3
Aaron Baddeley. . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -3
Jason Day . . . . . . . . . . . .35-33—68 -3
John Merrick. . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -3
Kevin Stadler . . . . . . . . . .35-33—68 -3
Phil Mickelson. . . . . . . . . .35-33—68 -3
Hunter Mahan. . . . . . . . . .36-32—68 -3
J.J. Henry. . . . . . . . . . . . .36-33—69 -2
Kevin Na . . . . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -2
William McGirt. . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -2
Adam Scott . . . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -2
Steve Stricker. . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -2
Webb Simpson . . . . . . . . .37-32—69 -2
Bo Van Pelt . . . . . . . . . . .36-33—69 -2
Brandt Snedeker. . . . . . . .34-35—69 -2
Ted Potter, Jr.. . . . . . . . . .36-33—69 -2
Greg Owen. . . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -2
Blake Adams . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -2
Dicky Pride. . . . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -2
Pat Perez. . . . . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -2
TENNIS
U.S. OPEN
The USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center
NEW YORK
Singles
Men Second Round
David Ferrer (4), Spain, d. Igor Sijsling, Netherlands, 6-2, 6-3, 7-6 (12). Steve Johnson, United States, d. Ernests Gulbis, Latvia, 6-7 (3), 7-6 (5), 6-3, 6-4. Richard Gasquet (13), France, d. Bradley Klahn, United States, 6-3, 6-3, 6-1. Novak Djokovic (2), Serbia, d. Rogerio Dutra Silva, Brazil, 6-2, 6-1, 6-2. Leonardo Mayer, Argentina, d. Tommy Robredo, Spain, 6-1, 6-4, 4-6, 7-5. Juan Martin del Potro (7), Argentina, d. Ryan Harrison, United States, 6-2, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2. Lleyton Hewitt, Australia, d. Gilles Muller, Luxembourg, 3-6, 7-6 (5), 6-7 (5), 7-5, 6-4. Alexandr Dolgopolov (14), Ukraine, d. Marcos Baghdatis, Cyprus, 6-4, 3-6, 6-0, 7-6 (5). Stanislas Wawrinka (18), Switzerland, d. Steve Darcis, Belgium, 6-7 (6), 6-3, 4-6, 6-1, 7-5. Janko Tipsarevic (8), Serbia, d. Brian Baker, United States, 6-4, 6-3, 6-4. Fabio Fognini, Italy, d. Guillermo Garcia-
Lopez, Spain, 6-4, 6-4, 6-2. John Isner (9), United States, d. Jarkko Nieminen, Finland, 6-3, 6-7 (5), 6-4, 6-3. Grega Zemlja, Slovenia, d. Cedrik-Marcel Stebe, Germany, 6-4, 2-6, 6-4, 6-4. Julien Benneteau (31), France, d. Dennis Novikov, United States, 3-6, 6-4, 7-6 (1), 7-5. Andy Roddick (20), United States, d. Bernard Tomic, Australia, 6-3, 6-4, 6-0.
Women Third Round
Sam Stosur (7), Australia, d. Varvara Lepchenko (31), United States, 7-6 (5), 6-2. Marion Bartoli (11), France, d. Kristina Mladenovic, France, 6-2, 6-4. Laura Robson, Britain, d. Li Na (9), China, 6-4, 6-7 (5), 6-2. Petra Kvitova (5), Czech Republic, d. Pauline Parmentier, France, 6-4, 6-4. Maria Sharapova (3), Russia, d. Mallory Burdette, United States, 6-1, 6-1. Nadia Petrova (19), Russia, d. Lucie Safarova (15), Czech Republic, 6-4, 7-5. Anna Tatishvili, Georgia, d. Mandy Minella, Luxembourg, 7-5, 6-0. Victoria Azarenka (1), Belarus, d. Zheng Jie (28), China, 6-0, 6-1.
U.S. OPEN SHOW COURT SCHEDULES
Saturday
All Times EDT
Play begins at 11 a.m.
Arthur Ashe Stadium
Jelena Jankovic (30), Serbia, vs. Agnieszka Radwanska (2), Poland
Not before 1 p.m.: Ekaterina Makarova, Russia, vs. Serena Williams (4), United States
Roger Federer (1), Switzerland, vs. Fernando Verdasco (25), Spain
Night Session (Play begins at 7 p.m.)
Sloane Stephens, United States, vs. Ana Ivanovic (12), Serbia
Mardy Fish (23), United States, vs. Gilles Simon (16), France
Louis Armstrong Stadium
Dominika Cibulkova (13), Slovakia, vs. Roberta Vinci (20), Italy
Not before 1 p.m.: Andy Murray (3), Britain, vs. Feliciano Lopez (30), Spain
Angelique Kerber (6), Germany, vs. Olga Govortsova, Belarus
Sam Querrey (27), United States, vs. Tomas Berdych (6), Czech Republic
Grandstand
Nicolas Almagro (11), Spain, vs. Jack Sock, United States
Maria Kirilenko (14), Russia, vs. Andrea Hlavackova, Czech Republic
James Blake, United States, vs. Milos Raonic (15), Canada N.F.L. TRANSACTIONS
Suspended Washington S Tanard Jackson indefinitely for violating the league's substances abuse policy. Fined Minnesota S Harrison Smith $21,000 for a hit on San Diego WR Mike Willie during an Aug. 24 game.
NEW YORK JETS—Waived WR Joseph Collins, LB Marcus Dowtin, OT Robert Griffin, G Fredrick Koloto, C Matt Kroul, P Spencer Lanning, DB LeQuan Lewis, TE Tarren Lloyd, S D'Anton Lynn, DB Julian Posey, DE Jay Richardson, WR Eron Riley, LB Brett Roy, QB Matt Simms and NT Martin Tevaseu.
CAROLINA PANTHERS—Acquired S Colin Jones from San Francisco for a future undisclosed draft pick. Waived WR Seyi Ajirotutu, CB Darius Butler, LB David Nixon, DT Ogemdi Nwagbuo, RB Tauren Poole, CB R.J. Stanford, DL Ryan Van Bergen, LB Kion Wilson. Waived/injured WR Jared Green and OT Matt Reynolds.
CHICAGO BEARS—Waived RB Armando Allen, WR Joe Anderson, OT Cory Brandon, Cornelius Brown, OT James Brown, WR Terriun Crump, CB Isaiah Frey, WR Brittan Golden, OT A.J. Greene, G Ricky Henry, S Mark LeGree, CB-KR Greg McCoy, DT Jordan Miller, TE Brandon Venson, DE Aston Whiteside, LB Jabara Williams. Terminated the contracts of LB Xavier Adibi, DE Chauncey Davis, WR Rashied Davis, QB Josh McCown and DB Jonathan Wilhite. Placed DT Nate Collins on the reserve/suspended list.
DENVER BRONCOS—Placed DE Jeremy Beal on injured reserve.
HOUSTON TEXANS—Traded CB Sherrick McManis to Chicago for FB Tyler Clutts. Released QB Case Keenum, FB Moran Norris, WR Juaquin Iglesias, RB Jonathan Grimes, S Eddie Pleasant, TE Logan Brock, DE Keith Browner, LB D.J. Bryant, NT Hebron Fangupo, DE David Hunter, LB Delano Johnson, DE Mitch King, LB Shawn Loiseau, WR Jeff Maehl, OT Nathan Menkin, LB Rennie Moore, TE Phillip Supernaw, C Cody Wallace and G Cody White.
PHILADELPHIA EAGLES—Released DB Joselio Hanson, DB O.J. Atogwe WR Chad Hall, WR Mardy Gilyard, WR Marvin McNutt, LB Keenan Clayton, TE Brett Brackett, TE Chase Ford, DT Ollie Ogbu, DT Frank Trotter, DT Landon Cohen, FB Emil Igwenagu, OT D.J. Jones, LB Adrian Moten, LB Ryan Rau, DE Monte Taylor, S Phillip Thomas, OL Steve Vallos, QB Mike Kafka and OL Brandon Washington.
PITTSBURGH STEELERS—Released OL Trai Essex, P Jeremy Kapinos, QB Jerrod Johnson, DB Damon Cromartie-Smith, DB Terrence Frederick, DB Josh Victorian, LB Brandon Hicks, LB Marshall McFadden, DL Corbin Bryant, DL Igbinosun Ikponmwosa, DL Jake Stoller, RB DuJuan Harris, WR Tyler Beiler, WR Toney Clemons, WR David Gilreath, WR Marquis Maze, WR Derrick Williams, OL linemen Ryan Lee, OL John Malecki and OL Chris Scott. Placed LB Sean Spence on injured reserve.
ST. LOUIS RAMS—Released OL Tim Barnes, DE Vernon Gholston, FB Ovie Mughelli and RB Chase Reynolds.
PRO BASKETBALL
W.N.B.A. STANDINGS
EASTERN CONFERENCE
W L Pct GB
x-Connecticut 19 6 .760 —
Indiana 16 8 .667 2
{
Atlanta 13 13 .500 6
{
Chicago 9 15 .375 9
{
New York 9 16 .360 10
Washington 5 20 .200 14
WESTERN CONFERENCE
W L Pct GB
x-Minnesota 21 4 .840 —
x-Los Angeles 19 7 .731 2
{
x-San Antonio 17 8 .680 4
Seattle 11 14 .440 10
Tulsa 6 20 .231 15
{
Phoenix 5 19 .208 15
{
x-clinched playoff spot
Friday's Games
Minnesota 92, Tulsa 83
SOCCER
M.L.S. STANDINGS
EAST W L T Pts GF GA
Sporting KC 14 7 5 47 32 23
New York 13 7 7 46 46 39
Houston 11 6 9 42 38 30
D.C. 12 9 5 41 43 37
Chicago 12 8 5 41 32 30
Columbus 11 8 6 39 31 29
Montreal 12 13 3 39 42 44
Philadelphia 7 13 4 25 25 30
New England 6 14 6 24 33 38
Toronto FC 5 15 6 21 29 46
WEST W L T Pts GF GA
San Jose 15 6 5 50 52 33
Real Salt Lake 13 10 4 43 37 32
Seattle 12 6 7 43 40 26
Los Angeles 12 11 4 40 46 40
Vancouver 10 10 7 37 29 35
FC Dallas 8 12 8 32 33 37
Chivas USA 7 10 7 28 20 35
Colorado 8 16 2 26 33 40
Portland 6 13 6 24 26 43
Friday’s Games
Colorado at Portland
Saturday’s Games
Philadelphia at New England, 7:30 p.m.
Montreal at Columbus, 7:30 p.m.
Toronto FC at Sporting KC, 8:30 p.m.
D.C. United at Real Salt Lake, 9 p.m.
Vancouver at Los Angeles, 10 p.m.
PRO FOOTBALL
METS 3, MARLINS 0
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Tejada ss 3 1 1 0 0 0 .296
Dan.Murphy 2b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .285
D.Wright 3b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .316
I.Davis 1b 3 1 1 3 0 0 .224
Duda lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .239
Bay lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .152
Baxter rf 2 0 0 0 1 0 .278
An.Torres cf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .225
Thole c 3 0 0 0 0 1 .236
Dickey p 3 0 0 0 0 0 .175
Totals 29 3 4 3 1 3
Miami ab r h bi bb so avg.
Petersen lf 3 0 0 0 1 0 .197
Ruggiano cf 4 0 2 0 0 0 .329
Reyes ss 3 0 0 0 1 1 .281
Ca.Lee 1b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .275
Stanton rf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .291
Dobbs 3b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .306
D.Solano 2b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .292
Brantly c 3 0 0 0 0 1 .219
Eovaldi p 2 0 1 0 0 0 .125
LeBlanc p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .111
Kearns ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 .240
Cishek p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 31 0 5 0 3 7
New York 000 100 200—3 4 1
Miami 000 000 000—0 5 0
E—Dan.Murphy (13). LOB—New York 2, Miami 7. HR—I.Davis (25), off Eovaldi. RBIs—I.Davis 3 (74). SF—I.Davis. New York ip h r er bb so np era
Dickey W17-4 9 5 0 0 3 7 114 2.63
Miami ip h r er bb so np era
Eovaldi L4-10 7 4 3 3 1 1 85 4.48
LeBlanc 1 0 0 0 0 1 10 2.49
Cishek 1 0 0 0 0 1 16 2.03
T—2:07. A—23,099 (37,442).
ORIOLES 6, YANKEES 1
Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg.
Markakis rf 5 0 3 1 0 0 .297
Hardy ss 5 1 1 1 0 0 .231
McLouth lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .250
Ad.Jones cf 4 1 1 0 0 0 .285
Wieters c 4 1 1 0 0 0 .238
C.Davis dh 3 0 1 1 0 1 .257
Mar.Reynolds 1b 4 2 2 3 0 0 .224
Quintanilla 2b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .253
Andino 2b 1 1 1 0 0 0 .224
Machado 3b 4 0 2 0 0 1 .243
Totals 37 6 12 6 0 4
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter ss 4 0 1 0 0 0 .320
Swisher 1b 4 0 0 0 0 4 .272
Cano 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .304
Granderson cf 4 1 1 1 0 1 .235
Er.Chavez 3b 4 0 1 0 0 2 .292
Ibanez lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .235
R.Martin c 3 0 1 0 0 1 .198
I.Suzuki rf 3 0 1 0 0 1 .267
J.Nix dh 2 0 0 0 1 0 .255
Totals 32 1 5 1 1 12
Baltimore 030 001 002—6 12 0
New York 000 000 001—1 5 0
LOB—Baltimore 5, New York 5. HR—Mar.
Reynolds (13), off Kuroda; Hardy (18), off Kuroda; Mar.Reynolds (14), off D.Lowe; Granderson (34), off Matusz. RBIs—
Markakis (50), Hardy (54), C.Davis (65), Mar.Reynolds 3 (45), Granderson (79). SF—C.Davis. DP—New York 1
Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era
M.GonzalezW6-3 7 4 0 0 1 9 97 3.31
O'Day 1 0 0 0 0 1 12 2.39
Matusz 1 1 1 1 0 2 13 5.32
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Kuroda L12-10 8
Í/¯
8 4 4 0 4 99 3.04
Rapada Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 5 2.91
D.Lowe Í/¯
4 2 2 0 0 18 5.47
WP—Mig.Gonzalez. T—2:38. A—43,352 (50,291).
TIGERS 7, WHITE SOX 4
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
Wise cf 3 1 0 1 1 1 .263
Youkilis 3b 4 1 0 0 1 1 .240
A.Dunn 1b 3 0 1 0 2 2 .205
Konerko dh 4 0 0 2 0 0 .309
Rios rf 5 0 0 0 0 1 .300
Pierzynski c 4 1 2 1 1 1 .288
Viciedo lf 4 1 1 0 1 1 .255
Al.Ramirez ss 3 0 1 0 1 0 .272
Beckham 2b 2 0 0 0 0 0 .231
Totals 32 4 5 4 7 7
Detroit ab r h bi bb so avg.
A.Jackson cf 5 1 1 0 0 3 .304
Dirks lf 3 2 1 1 2 1 .333
Mi.Cabrera 3b 4 2 3 2 0 0 .329
Fielder 1b 3 1 1 0 0 0 .314
D.Young dh 3 0 2 3 1 0 .273
Boesch rf 3 0 1 0 1 1 .246
A.Garcia rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Avila c 4 0 0 0 0 0 .247
Jh.Peralta ss 4 1 1 1 0 1 .256
Infante 2b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .272
Totals 33 7 11 7 4 6
Chicago 011 101 000—4 5 1
Detroit 210 100 30x—7 11 2
E—A.Dunn (1), Mi.Cabrera 2 (12). LOB—
Chicago 12, Detroit 7. 2B—Pierzynski (15), Dirks (16), Mi.Cabrera (34), D.Young (23). 3B—A.Jackson (9). HR—Pierzynski (24), off Fister; Mi.Cabrera (33), off Peavy; Jh.Peralta (11), off Peavy. RBIs—Wise (19), Konerko 2 (62), Pierzynski (71), Dirks (27), Mi.Cabrera 2 (109), D.Young 3 (57), Jh.Peralta (54). SB—Wise (12), Infante (2). Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
Peavy L9-10 6 9 6 6 4 4 106 3.28
Thornton 1 1 1 1 0 1 13 3.52
Humber 1 1 0 0 0 1 14 5.81
Detroit ip h r er bb so np era
Fister 5 4 3 2 4 2 101 3.67
Smyly H1 Í/¯
0 1 1 2 0 21 4.31
DotelW5-2BS3-4 1
Î/¯
1 0 0 0 1 23 2.88
Benoit H27 1 0 0 0 0 3 17 3.10
Valverde S27-31 1 0 0 0 1 1 13 3.46
T—3:10. A—36,721 (41,255).
BLUE JAYS 2, RAYS 1
Tampa Bay ab r h bi bb so avg.
De.Jennings lf 4 1 2 1 0 0 .249
B.Upton cf 4 0 2 0 0 1 .247
Zobrist ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .265
Longoria 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .285
Joyce rf 3 0 0 0 1 2 .253
Keppinger 1b 4 0 3 0 0 0 .332
E.Johnson pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 .247
Scott dh 4 0 0 0 0 2 .224
R.Roberts 2b 4 0 2 0 0 1 .220
J.Molina c 3 0 0 0 0 1 .204
C.Pena ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .190
Totals 35 1 10 1 1 9
Toronto ab r h bi bb so avg.
R.Davis lf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .246
Rasmus cf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .228
Encarnacion dh 3 1 2 1 0 0 .288
Lind 1b 3 0 1 0 0 1 .234
Y.Escobar ss 3 0 0 0 0 0 .253
K.Johnson 2b 2 0 0 0 1 0 .227
Sierra rf 3 1 1 1 0 0 .286
Mathis c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .210
McCoy 3b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .174
Totals 26 2 4 2 1 3
Tampa Bay 001 000 000—1 10 0
Toronto 001 100 00x—2 4 0
2B—De.Jennings (18), Keppinger (14), R.Roberts (6). HR—De.Jennings (11), off Morrow; Sierra (3), off Hellickson; Encarnacion (35), off Hellickson. RBIs—De.Jennings (39), Encarnacion (90), Sierra (6). Tampa Bay ip h r er bb so np era
Hellickson L8-10 6 4 2 2 1 2 74 3.41
McGee 1 0 0 0 0 1 11 2.11
Farnsworth 1 0 0 0 0 0 11 2.70
Toronto ip h r er bb so np era
Morrow W8-5 6
Î/¯
8 1 1 1 5 102 2.93
Delabar H7 1
Í/¯
0 0 0 0 3 20 3.74
Janssen S19-22 1 2 0 0 0 1 13 2.22
T—2:28. A—20,158 (49,260).
RANGERS 5, INDIANS 3
Texas ab r h bi bb so avg.
Kinsler 2b 5 1 2 1 0 2 .268
Andrus ss 5 0 1 0 0 1 .299
Hamilton cf-rf 3 1 1 0 2 2 .293
Beltre 3b 5 2 4 1 0 0 .316
N.Cruz rf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .262
Gentry cf 1 0 0 0 0 1 .305
Mi.Young dh 5 0 2 2 0 0 .268
Dav.Murphy lf 4 1 2 1 0 2 .314
Soto c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .231
Moreland 1b 3 0 0 0 1 0 .292
Totals 39 5 12 5 3 12
Cleveland ab r h bi bb so avg.
Choo rf 4 0 2 0 0 2 .278
Kipnis 2b 3 0 0 0 1 0 .253
As.Cabrera ss 3 1 0 0 1 0 .270
Brantley dh 3 0 0 0 1 1 .285
C.Santana c 4 1 2 1 0 2 .245
Kotchman 1b 4 1 1 2 0 1 .235
Carrera cf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .306
Hannahan 3b 1 0 0 0 1 0 .226
Lillibridge ph-3b 2 0 0 0 0 2 .182
Donald lf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .206
Totals 31 3 5 3 4 10
Texas 102 001 100—5 12 2
Cleveland 000 100 002—3 5 0
E—Andrus 2 (15). LOB—Texas 10, Cleveland 6. 2B—Kinsler (36), Beltre 2 (29), Choo (36), C.Santana (23). 3B—Dav.Murphy (2). HR—Kotchman (12), off Uehara. RBIs—Kinsler (66), Beltre (82), Mi.Young 2 (52), Dav.Murphy (50), C.Santana (57), Kotchman 2 (47). SB—Kinsler (21). CS—
Brantley (9). DP—Texas 1
Texas ip h r er bb so np era
Dempster W4-1 6 2 1 0 3 7 104 4.58
Kirkman 2 1 0 0 1 2 29 3.60
Uehara Í/¯
2 2 2 0 0 11 2.59
Nathan S28-29 Î/¯
0 0 0 0 1 11 2.45
Cleveland ip h r er bb so np era
Jimenez L9-14 5
Î/¯
8 4 4 3 7 117 5.61
E.Rogers 1
Í/¯
2 1 1 0 3 26 2.43
C.Allen 2 2 0 0 0 2 23 1.83
T—3:08. A—16,700 (43,429).
COLLEGE FOOTBALL
SCORES
EAST Bentley 42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pace 0
Temple 41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Villanova 10
SOUTH FAU 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wagner 3
Tennessee 35 . . . . . . . . . . NC State 21
MIDWEST Bemidji St. 25 . . . . . . . . Upper Iowa 23
John Carroll 40 . . . . . . . . . St. Norbert 3
Michigan St. 17 . . . . . . . . . Boise St. 13
Northwood (Mich.) 54 . . . . . . Quincy 31
SOUTHWEST Stephen F. Austin 49 . . . SW Oklahoma 14
PHILLIES 8, BRAVES 5
Philadelphia ab r h bi bb so avg.
Rollins ss 5 1 1 0 0 1 .242
Frandsen 3b 5 2 2 0 0 1 .357
Utley 2b 5 1 1 0 0 1 .249
Howard 1b 4 2 2 3 1 1 .241
Wigginton lf 3 0 1 1 0 0 .237
Pierre pr-lf 1 0 0 0 0 1 .299
Mayberry cf 3 1 2 3 2 1 .250
Kratz c 5 1 3 1 0 0 .290
M.Martinez rf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .127
D.Brown ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .255
Lindblom p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Cl.Lee ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .196
Papelbon p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Halladay p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .140
Horst p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Polanco ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .258
Bastardo p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Aumont p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
L.Nix ph-rf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .255
Totals 40 8 13 8 3 11
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourn cf 5 0 1 0 0 2 .283
Prado lf 4 1 2 2 1 0 .298
Heyward rf 5 0 0 0 0 0 .272
C.Jones 3b 3 1 0 0 2 3 .301
F.Freeman 1b 3 1 2 2 2 1 .270
McCann c 5 0 0 0 0 0 .231
Uggla 2b 5 1 1 1 0 2 .208
Janish ss 4 0 2 0 1 0 .205
Minor p 2 1 1 0 0 0 .067
Durbin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Pastornicky ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 .247
Venters p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
O'Flaherty p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
J.Francisco ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .249
Kimbrel p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
C.Martinez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Hinske ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .197
Totals 38 5 9 5 7 10
Philadelphia 010 003 001 3—8 13 1
Atlanta 000 041 000 0—5 9 0
E—Rollins (11). LOB—Philadelphia 6, Atlanta 10. 2B—Janish (6). HR—Howard (10), off Minor; Kratz (8), off Kimbrel; Mayberry (13), off C.Martinez; Prado (8), off Halladay; F.Freeman (19), off Halladay; Uggla (17), off HorSt RBIs—Howard 3 (34), Wigginton (41), Mayberry 3 (38), Kratz (18), Prado 2 (60), F.Freeman 2 (84), Uggla (64). CS—Pierre (6), Bourn (9). SF—Wigginton. Philadelphia ip h r er bb so np era
Halladay 4
Î/¯
7 4 4 4 3 81 4.02
Horst 1
Í/¯
1 1 1 2 1 25 1.29
Bastardo 1 0 0 0 0 2 14 5.01
Aumont 1 1 0 0 0 1 13 0.00
Lindblom W3-3 1 0 0 0 1 1 16 3.58
Papelbon S31-34 1 0 0 0 0 2 18 2.56
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Minor 5 7 4 4 1 3 71 4.79
Durbin BS2-3 1 0 0 0 1 1 16 3.19
Venters H17 1 1 0 0 0 1 16 3.47
O'Flaherty H22 1 1 0 0 0 2 12 2.12
Kimbrel BS3-35 1 1 1 1 0 2 14 1.29
C.Martinez L5-4 1 3 3 3 1 2 22 4.39
T—3:21. A—31,203 (49,586).
REDS 9, ASTROS 3
Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg.
Cozart ss 4 2 2 2 0 1 .247
Valdez ph-ss 1 0 0 0 0 0 .201
Heisey cf-lf 5 2 2 2 0 0 .284
B.Phillips 2b 5 0 3 1 0 1 .300
Ludwick lf 3 1 1 0 1 1 .276
Stubbs cf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .221
Bruce rf 3 1 1 3 2 0 .256
Frazier 1b-3b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .293
Rolen 3b 3 1 0 0 1 0 .250
Simon p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
D.Navarro c 4 2 2 0 0 0 .273
Leake p 2 0 0 0 0 1 .259
LeCure p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Cairo ph-1b 1 0 1 1 0 0 .169
Totals 37 9 13 9 4 5
Houston ab r h bi bb so avg.
Altuve 2b 5 0 0 0 0 0 .294
Greene ss 4 0 1 0 0 2 .226
Wallace 1b 3 1 1 0 1 2 .290
J.Castro c 4 0 2 0 0 1 .263
Paredes rf 2 0 1 1 1 1 .250
F.Martinez lf 4 1 1 1 0 0 .182
W.Lopez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Dominguez 3b 4 1 1 1 0 0 .375
B.Barnes cf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .180
W.Wright p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Fe.Rodriguez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
S.Moore lf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .225
Abad p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .333
Storey p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Bogusevic cf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .209
Totals 34 3 9 3 2 7
Cincinnati 002 040 120—9 13 1
Houston 000 200 010—3 9 1
E—Bruce (6), Paredes (1). LOB—Cincinnati 6, Houston 7. 2B—Cozart (32), B.Phillips (29), D.Navarro (1), Greene (13), Wallace (8), J.Castro (13). HR—Cozart (15), off Abad; Bruce (28), off Abad; F.Martinez (3), off Leake; Dominguez (1), off Leake. RBIs—Cozart 2 (32), Heisey 2 (29), B.Phillips (71), Bruce 3 (84), Cairo (12), Paredes (3), F.Martinez (7), Dominguez (1). SB—Heisey (6). CS—Paredes (1). Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era
Leake W7-8 6 7 2 2 2 6 106 4.45
LeCure 1 0 0 0 0 1 7 3.23
Simon 2 2 1 1 0 0 29 2.60
Houston ip h r er bb so np era
Abad L0-2 4
Í/¯
9 6 6 2 1 84 4.83
Storey 2 2 1 1 0 4 28 3.18
W.Wright Î/¯
2 2 2 2 0 21 3.73
Fe.Rodriguez 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 5.86
W.Lopez 1 0 0 0 0 0 15 2.41
T—3:03. A—15,287 (40,981).
BREWERS 9, PIRATES 3
Pittsburgh ab r h bi bb so avg.
Presley cf 4 0 2 2 1 0 .238
Tabata lf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .231
J.Hughes p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Takahashi p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Mercer ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .204
Snider rf-lf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .287
G.Jones 1b-rf 4 1 1 1 0 1 .281
P.Alvarez 3b 3 0 2 0 1 0 .252
McKenry c 4 0 1 0 0 3 .258
J.Harrison 2b 4 1 2 0 0 0 .250
Barmes ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .221
Karstens p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .107
McPherson p 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Correia p 1 0 0 0 0 0 .143
G.Sanchez ph-1b 2 1 1 0 0 0 .215
Totals 36 3 9 3 2 11
Milwaukee ab r h bi bb so avg.
Morgan rf 5 2 3 0 1 1 .244
R.Weeks 2b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .222
Braun lf 5 1 1 0 0 1 .310
Ar.Ramirez 3b 4 2 3 4 1 0 .295
Hart 1b 4 1 3 2 0 1 .276
Lucroy c 4 1 1 0 1 1 .330
C.Gomez cf 5 1 1 1 0 3 .256
Segura ss 4 0 1 1 1 0 .209
M.Rogers p 3 0 0 0 0 0 .214
Loe p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Ishikawa ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .262
Henderson p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Bianchi ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 .185
Veras p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 39 9 15 8 5 8
Pittsburgh 000 100 101—3 9 1
Milwaukee 410 000 04x—9 15 0
E—Presley (3). LOB—Pittsburgh 8, Milwaukee 13. 2B—McKenry (12), J.Harrison (9), G.Sanchez (14), Morgan (5), C.Gomez (15). HR—G.Jones (22), off M.Rogers; Hart (25), off Karstens; Ar.Ramirez (21), off Takahashi. RBIs—
Presley 2 (18), G.Jones (72), Ar.Ramirez 4 (86), Hart 2 (71), C.Gomez (39), Segura (7). SB—Morgan (11), R.Weeks (9), Lucroy (3), Segura (3).
Pittsburgh ip h r er bb so np era
Karstens L5-4 Í/¯
5 4 4 0 1 20 3.89
McPherson 1
Î/¯
1 1 1 2 3 45 2.45
Correia 4 4 0 0 1 2 64 4.40
J.Hughes 1 1 0 0 0 0 7 2.78
Takahashi 1 4 4 4 2 2 27 12.00
Milwaukee ip h r er bb so np era
M.Rogers W3-1 5
Í/¯
5 1 1 2 5 107 3.92
Loe 1
Î/¯
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
BAS E BA L L
By ANDREW KEH
At the start of this season,
Lew Ford, five years removed
from his last stint in the majors,
had a single goal: to bring a
championship trophy to Central
Islip, N.Y., the home of the Long
Island Ducks of the independent
Atlantic League of Professional
Baseball. But through an unanticipated
turn of events, Ford has since
found himself one of a crew of
unlikely contributors to the Bal-
timore Orioles, one of baseball’s
surprise teams.
And so his goal is rather
changed.
“At that time, my head was
fully in Long Island, like, ‘I’m go-
ing to try to win the Atlantic
League Championship,’” Ford
said, drawing out the last three
words with a chuckle. “Now, I’m
hoping to go to the World Se-
ries.”
After a 6-1 series-opening vic-
tory Friday in New York, the Ori-
oles were two games behind the
Yankees in the American
League East, in the hunt despite
a roster of seemingly modest tal-
ent. Their record has defied sta-
tistics. “It’s hard to put a number on
somebody’s heart and gut,”
Manager Buck Showalter said of
his team. “It’s the sixth tool.”
Ford, an outfielder whose par-
ticipation in the run for a playoff
spot has been as improbable as
the run itself, has a firm grasp on
the sixth tool.
Ford, 36, a native of Port Ne-
ches, Tex., was selected by the
Boston Red Sox in the 12th
round of the 1999 draft. He made
his big league debut in 2003 for
the Minnesota Twins and played
five productive years for the or-
ganization before becoming a
free agent in 2007.
That winter, Ford followed a
guaranteed paycheck to the Jap-
anese league, believing it would
not be long before he was back in
the majors. But he was soon
bouncing around the world, from
Japan to Mexico to the United
States, the window for his re-
entry to the majors slowly clos-
ing. “Each year that passed — I
was a realist —the chances were
dropping, dramatically, as I got
older and farther away,” Ford
said. “It was like, out of sight, out
of mind. I think a lot of people
didn’t realize I was still playing
baseball. I knew the chances
were getting slim.”
Ford felt in the back of his
mind that he could play at the
top level, but he sensed teams
did not share his view. Last win-
ter, he shifted his priorities, ask-
ing around about coaching jobs.
Teams generally filled coaching
staff positions in the fall, he was
told, so he figured he would play
one last season with the Ducks,
whomhe played with in 2009 and
2011.
“I was thinking, ‘I’m 36 this
year, and this could be it,’” Ford
said. “Now, it’s completely
changed.”
It changed when the Orioles,
lacking outfield depth, signed
Ford to a minor league deal this
May. He batted .332 with 11 home
runs for their Class AAA team
and was promoted to the majors
in the last week of July. Ford said he was slightly frus-
trated with his performance so
far. He entered the weekend bat-
ting .186 through 14 games. But
Ford hit key home runs in con-
secutive games this week, and
he has been told by Showalter
that he will continue to play
against left-handed starters.
In that way, Ford has become
something of a symbol for the
Orioles, who have relied this
year on contributions from ev-
ery corner of their unsung team.
For instance, Nate McLouth,
30, who became Ford’s team-
mate in Class AAA after being
released by the Pittsburgh Pi-
rates earlier this year, was in the
Orioles’ lineup Friday night, bat-
ting third.
“I don’t think we worry much
about what we look like on pa-
per,” said McLouth, who was
batting .263 with two home runs
in 23 games for the Orioles this
summer. “We just play our
game, and we have fun with it.”
Ford said he was having more
fun this year than he did his first
time through the big leagues, be-
cause he knew what it felt like to
be on the outside.
As he explained, in one sense
his priorities have not changed
since last winter: he wants to
win a championship.
But in another sense, they
have changed: having had an-
other taste of the big leagues, he
wants to play next year.
Outfielder,
Like Team,
Detoured
To Success
By TYLER KEPNER
ARLINGTON, Tex. — The of-
fense is obvious, easy to quantify
and clearly understood. Adrian
Beltre of the Texas Rangers hit
three home runs on Aug. 22, and
two days later, he hit for the cycle.
The last player to accomplish
both feats in the same week was
Joe DiMaggio, in 1948.
But what truly distinguishes
Beltre, what makes him perhaps
the most underappreciated per-
former in baseball, is the way he
plays third base. It is not only
that Beltre, a three-time Gold
Glove winner, is the best in the
majors at the position. It is that
he plays it with a style that defies
logic, and he uses a blend of skill,
strength, intellect and instinct
that is all his own.
“Think about a lot of the best
players and how they did things
that were indigenous to them,”
Joe Maddon, the manager of the
Tampa Bay Rays, said after
watching Beltre for three games
this week.
Maddon mentioned Ozzie
Smith’s flair at shortstop, Stan
Musial’s coiled batting stance and
the way Steve Carlton wrapped
his left wrist before unleashing a
slider.
“There’s a lot of guys that did
things unique to them that
weren’t out of the Spalding
Guide,” he said.“They did things
you wouldn’t teach, and if some-
body else tried to do it, they
would not be very good. But you
don’t want to take greatness from
somebody by trying to make him
look like everybody else.”
When the Rangers signed
Beltre to a five-year contract be-
fore last season, they paired him
with Manager Ron Washington, a
master infield instructor. The
proper way to play third base,
Washington said, is to flow
through the ball while fielding it.
Beltre, he said, does it all
wrong. He tends to stop, catch
and then unleash a throw with
uncanny precision, from any an-
gle. Essentially, Beltre’s hands
are so quick and his arm is so
strong that he hardly needs his
feet.
“When the feet is moving, the
hands work,” Washington said.
“When the feet stop moving, then
the ball can play you. Beltre’s one
of the oddest guys. I’ve never
seen the ball play him. Most guys
that would do it the way he does
it, they would get eaten up.”
As the Rays watched Beltre
this week, they marveled at that
ability, third baseman Evan Lon-
goria said, and talked about it on
their bench.
Longoria has two Gold Gloves
— he beat out Beltre in 2009 and
2010 — but said he simply did not
understand how a third baseman
could stop his feet and throw with
such accuracy and power. He has
asked Beltre about it and come
away dumbfounded.
“Nobody else can do that,” Lon-
goria said. “Would I like to? Yeah,
it makes it a little bit easier if
you’re just throwing like you’re
playing catch. He has such a good
arm that he can throw it flat-
footed from anywhere. You can’t
teach that.”
Beltre, 33, grew up in the Do-
minican Republic, rooting for
countrymen like George Bell, an
outfielder, and Ramon Martinez,
a pitcher. Beltre said he played
the game with a tennis ball until
he was 13, when he joined a team
for the first time.
He played second base — a
small man’s position — because
his father told him he would not
be tall. After a few months, he
said, a friend wanted to play sec-
ond, so Beltre switched to third.
He has never left.
Beltre grew to be only 5 feet 11,
but by 1998 he was in the majors
with the Los Angeles Dodgers, at
age 19. He admired fellow third
basemen like Scott Rolen and Ken
Caminiti, yet there was only so
much he could take from them.
Beltre was an unconventional
fielder, and in time he learned he
could be no other way.
“When I came up through the
minor leagues, and my first cou-
ple of years in the big leagues, I
used to make a lot of throwing er-
rors because I just didn’t have the
accuracy to make good throws,”
Beltre said. “I learned how to
kind of drop my arm a little bit,
and then I started using my feet
less to throw the ball, and I start
making better throws. Every
year I was getting more used to it,
and now it’s a habit. Now I think
the less I use my feet to throw the
ball, the best accuracy I have.
Now I don’t think about it; I just
do it.”
In 1997, his final full season in
the minors, Beltre made 37 errors
in 121 games. In 2004, his last sea-
son with the Dodgers, he made 10
in 155 games. He also hit 48 home
runs and batted .334, and then he
signed a five-year contract with
the Seattle Mariners, whose cav-
ernous ballpark, Safeco Field,
was an uneasy fit.
Beltre averaged only 20
homers a season for Seattle, and
a former Mariners manager, John
McLaren, said that “the ballpark
got in his head.” But, McLaren
said, it never dampened Beltre’s
enthusiasm for fielding.
“In spring training, he wanted
me to hit the ball as hard as I
could to him, rapid-fire,” McLaren
said. “He didn’t even have a cup
on — that’s been an issue with
him because he’s been hit — but
he was just tireless. I’d be ex-
hausted, and he’s down there
smiling away, waving his glove:
‘Is that all you got?’”
Beltre played only 111 games
for the Mariners in 2009, missing
time with a left shoulder injury
and, yes, a severely bruised testi-
cle. He took a one-year contract
with the Boston Red Sox to re-
establish his market value, and
hit .321 with 28 homers and 102
runs batted in.
But the Red Sox failed to make
the playoffs and then made a de-
cision that has come to haunt
them. Instead of re-signing Beltre
and keeping Kevin Youkilis at
first base, they traded three pros-
pects to San Diego for Adrian
Gonzalez and splurged for Carl
Crawford in free agency.
Two of the prospects traded for
Gonzalez, first baseman Anthony
Rizzo and starter Casey Kelly,
have reached the majors. The
Red Sox traded Gonzalez and
Youkilis this summer, leaving
them with James Loney at first
base and the injured Will Middle-
brooks at third.
By trading for Gonzalez and
Crawford last week, the Los An-
geles Dodgers wiped out most of
the $301.5 million the Red Sox
originally committed to those
players. Beltre cost the Rangers
only $80 million in free agency,
but he said he never questioned
the Red Sox’ decision.
“They made the right move,”
Beltre said. “They got Gonzalez,
which is a way better hitter than
me, and Crawford is an unbeliev-
able player. It hasn’t worked the
way they wanted to with Craw-
ford because of the injury stuff,
but they got good players.
“And I ended up in a great
spot.”
The Rangers won their first
American League pennant in 2010
with Vladimir Guerrero as a full-
time designated hitter. General
Manager Jon Daniels said he
wanted to add flexibility to the
lineup while improving the Rang-
ers’ defense, and Beltre was a
perfect fit, with Michael Young
switching to D.H. and first base.
But there were complications.
The staff ace, Cliff Lee, was
also a free agent, and the Rangers
wanted him back. They also knew
that two division rivals, the Los
Angeles Angels and the Oakland
Athletics, had interest in Beltre.
Signing both was unlikely, and
when Lee chose Philadelphia, the
Rangers moved ahead on Beltre.
But what if the Angels had
landed Beltre? They probably
would have avoided their subse-
quent misguided trade for Vernon
Wells, an expensive and declining
outfielder who cost them Mike
Napoli — now an All-Star catcher
for Texas. The Rangers benefited
immensely from the Angels’ blun-
ders, won another pennant last
fall and now hold the American
League’s best record, at 77-53 en-
tering Friday’s games.
“We knew he was good — obvi-
ously, we made a big investment
in him — but he’s been arguably
better than we expected,” Daniels
said of Beltre. “He’s got energy;
he’s constantly picking guys up in
the dugout and the clubhouse.
There’s an intensity to him that
holds other guys to that same lev-
el.”
Elvis Andrus, the Rangers’
shortstop, said Beltre’s range al-
lowed him to play closer to sec-
ond base and reach more balls on
his glove side. David Murphy,
who plays behind Beltre in left
field, said Beltre “wows me on a
daily basis.” Dave Anderson, the
infield coach, said Beltre’s prep-
aration — knowing where to play
hitters based on the count and the
game situation — enhanced his
extraordinary skills.
According to Baseball-
Reference.com, the most similar
player in history to Beltre,
through age 32, is the Hall of
Fame third baseman Ron Santo.
Beltre quickly dismissed the idea
of Cooperstown — “It’s beyond
me,” he said — and said he was
most comfortable in a comple-
mentary role.
“It’s easy to come in here and
be one of the guys and not have to
be the guy,” Beltre said. “It makes
it easier for me not to try to put
the team on my back, you know
what I mean? For a lot of players,
it’s easier to just add a little thing
to a team.”
When a lot of those little things
add up — and a few big things
happen at the plate — you get a
superstar.
LAYNE MURDOCH/GETTY IMAGES
The Rangers’ Adrian Beltre, in a game against the White Sox in July, has won three Gold Gloves with a style that defies logic.
At Third for Texas,Unorthodox Excellence
Adrian Beltre ‘can
throw it flat-footed
from anywhere.’
stands for a 3-0 lead. Shortstop
J.J. Hardy added a solo homer in
the sixth.
Kuroda, 9-5 with a 2.37 earned
run average at home, gave up
four runs in eight and a third in-
nings, allowing eight hits and
striking out four.
Baltimore’s starter was a jour-
neyman right-hander, Miguel
Gonzalez, who retired the first
nine hitters in order. A single by
Derek Jeter to lead off the fourth
did not disturb Gonzalez’s
rhythm. He promptly set down
the next six batters he faced.
The Yankees did not get their
first runner into scoring position
until the sixth, but Gonzalez
struck out Nick Swisher and got
Robinson Cano to hit a foul
popout to end the threat.
The fans booed. Their impa-
tience with the Yankees’ offense,
which has averaged just three
and a half runs over its last 16
games, has been festering on this
homestand. “I think the effort’s there,”
Manager Joe Girardi said. “I
didn’t see guys trying to do too
much.”
Gonzalez, a former Rule 5 draft
choice by the Boston Red Sox
whose career was nearly derailed
by serious knee and elbow inju-
ries, began the season pitching
for Ciudad del Carmen of the
Mexican League. But he has ris-
en quickly, and has beaten the
Yankees twice this season.
He allowed four runs in six and
two-thirds innings against the
Yankees on July 30 and was even
better Friday, giving up four hits
while walking one and striking
out nine in seven innings. “These games are all impor-
tant for us,” Gonzalez said. “I
think the adrenaline gets me go-
ing. It helps me out.”
Before the game, Girardi
sought to ease the concern over
his team’s latest slump — the
Yankees have lost 9 of their last
14 — with a reminder that nearly
a fifth of the season remains. He
largely stuck with that talking
point after the loss, but bristled at
a question about whether he
would address the team about
not panicking.
“There are going to be low
points, and there are going to be
high points during the season,”
Girardi said. “We’ve got to find a
way to get out of this little rut
we’re in.”
The players were even less ea-
ger to talk about their shrinking
division lead.
“If you would’ve told me at the
end of spring training that we’d
be two games up to start Septem-
ber, I would’ve signed up for
that,” Swisher said.
Eric Chavez said: “It’s that
time of year; we know what’s go-
ing on. We need to clean up
what’s going on here.”
Baltimore’s last postseason ap-
pearance came in 1997, when they
beat the Yankees to win the divi-
sion by two games, and when
their current starting third base-
man, Manny Machado, was 5
years old.
Since then, it has been a dec-
ade and a half of insignificance, a
roulette wheel of players and
managers (Showalter is their
sixth since 1997), and a recurrent
procession of meaningless Sep-
tembers. That will not be the case this
year. The Orioles won 18 games
in August and are right in the
thick of it, playing as if they are
planning to stay.
INSIDE PITCH
ANDY PETTITTE threw 20 pitches
from a mound for the first time
since going on the disabled list
with a fractured left ankle on
June 28. “It felt like I’m getting
real, real close to getting over the
hump with this thing,” Pettitte
said. ... ALEX RODRIGUEZ (broken
left hand) went 0 for 3 as the des-
ignated hitter in his first rehabili-
tation appearance for Class A
Tampa on Friday night. Orioles Narrow Lead
In A.L. East to 2 Games From First Sports Page
RAY STUBBLEBINE/REUTERS
Yankees catcher Russell Mar-
tin and the Orioles’ J.J. Hardy
and Nate McLouth after Har-
dy’s sixth-inning home run.
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
T E NNI S U.S. O P E N
G O L F
By KAREN CROUSE
NORTON, Mass. — What the
butterfly effect is to science, the
Tiger effect is to golf. On Friday, a
6-inch putt rolled in the hole at
No. 5 and caused a commotion
between the 9th and 10th holes at
T.P.C.Boston. The roar that
punctuated Tiger Woods’s eighth
birdie of his morning round of the
Deutsche Bank Championship
prompted a mass dash to the
front nine by fans wanting to
catch a glimpse of the new old
Woods.
Starting with his ninth hole, the
par-5 18th, Woods reeled off six
consecutive birdies on his way to
a seven-under-par 64. He held at
least a share of the first-round
lead until late afternoon,when
Seung-yul Noh, a 21-year-old
rookie, made nine birdies en
route to a 62. With his success on
the PGA Tour, Woods shaped the
dreams of the South Korean-born
Noh, who described Woods as his
boyhood idol.
When asked why, Noh replied,
“Because he’s best in the world.” Noh’s emulation of Woods led
him to begin working in the
spring with Sean Foley, who
counts Woods among his clients.
Foley worked with Woods on the
range on Wednesday,and what-
ever adjustments they made paid
immediate dividends. Five days after recording his
worst round of the year, a 76 at
the Barclays at Bethpage State
Park, Woods posted his best
score on the PGA Tour since his
closing eight-under 62 at the
Honda Classic in March. The 12-
stroke turnaround, Woods said,
could be chalked up to the vaga-
ries of golf.
“It wasn’t like I was hitting a
lot of awful shots,” he said, re-
ferring to his Sunday round at
Bethpage’s Black Course. “I just
needed a couple putts to kind of
go my way, and it didn’t happen.” He added:“Today was about
the same as I have been playing
pretty much all summer, just go
out there and playing pretty con-
sistent. It was just a nice, solid
round.” On his second hole, the par-3
11th, Woods drained a 12-foot putt
for birdie. He made a 19-foot bird-
ie putt at No. 13. Between FedEx
Cup playoff events, Woods
teamed with his friend and for-
mer Stanford teammate Notah
Begay III to win a charity event
in Verona, N.Y. They were a com-
bined nine under, a score that,at
one point on Friday,Woods was
poised to better on his own. At eight under with four holes
to play, Woods had in his cross
hairs the course record of 61,
which is shared by Vijay Singh
and Mike Weir. He came within
three inches of holing a 12-foot
birdie putt at the par-4 sixth be-
fore his round was blown slightly
off course by a swirling wind. Woods settled for a par 5 at the
seventh after an errant drive, and
he made a bogey on his last hole,
the ninth, after his 7-iron ap-
proach shot from 181 yards
caught a lull in the gusts and
missed the green right. “We had a hard time figuring
out the directions, that’s one
thing,” Woods said, “but then
you’ve got to figure out the inten-
sity and hope it stays there and
hope you guess it right and hit it
right.” Woods’s round featured shots
suitable for framing, most nota-
bly his flop shot on No. 4 that set-
tled five feet from the pin and his
154-yard wedge shot from the
fifth fairway that stopped inches
from the hole. “I knew it was go-
ing to be good,” Woods said, “but
I didn’t know it was going to be
that close.” The course at T.P.C.Boston is
a pleasing canvas for Woods, who
won a tour event on the Arnold
Palmer-designed layout in 2006
with three rounds in the 60s. It
was one of his eight victories in 15
tour starts that year. After a two-
year slump, Woods has won three
times this year but has also post-
ed a few poor scores on the week-
ends, leading some to wonder if
he is trying too hard to close
deals that he once signed off on
as if they were autographs on the
rope line. At his best, Woods has a focus
that lets in no stray thoughts, and
his cobra stare was what greeted
the fans who scurried to catch up
with him on the front side. After
tapping in for his sixth consec-
utive birdie, Woods walked to the
sixth tee seemingly oblivious to
his burgeoning gallery, his mind
processing his surroundings like
a computer before he reached for
his driver. This is what he said he was
thinking: “Do I hit driver or
3-wood, try to put it up the left
side;does 3-wood actually take
me into the left side easier than
holding a driver against that
wind, and which one is better for
me?That was, seriously, what I
was trying to figure out.” Woods received plenty of re-
minders of how good he is from
strangers in his gallery who
shouted,“You’re the man, Tiger”
or “Tiger, you’ve still got it.” The
support was nice, but on Friday,
Woods’s clubs gave him the only
feedback he needed.
Tiger Woods had eight birdies during his 64 but trails the leader, Seung-yul Noh, by two shots.
Woods Finds a Groove and Stays There
host the qualifying matches for
next week’s junior tournament. Disappointed that Rafael Nadal
was not playing in this year’s
Open, Ruben Martin Vadillo and
Mayte Rodriguez Gil, visiting
New York from Madrid, did not
bother purchasing tickets for the
event. “It’s too expensive,” said Vadil-
lo, a 31-year-old physical thera-
pist. Still, they took the train to
Queens to see what they could see
without crushing their wallets.
They were shocked to see Spain’s
Fernando Verdasco practicing in
the outer courts. “He’s very popular in Spain,”
Vadillo said, leaning on the fence
and wearing a red Spain jersey.
“It’s so great to see him play!” “And he’s not wearing a shirt,”
Gil, 30, said, looking through the
fence at Verdasco, who, indeed,
was shirtless. “Seeing him play
here is a total surprise. We can’t
believe it. We are so lucky.” Not all players were so easily
identified. “I’m having a hard time,” said
Jim Campbell, an electrical sup-
plies warehouse worker on vaca-
tion from Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Campbell stood in the shade of
a tree, holding a bag from the
United States Open gift shop in
one hand, and tried to identify the
players. “There are a lot of pony-
tails,” he said. Campbell spent the previous
day visiting the Empire State
By MARY PILON
When Sandra Unger heard that
Roger Federer was headed to the
practice courts at the United
States Open, she immediately
texted her sister Laurie McLeod,
who was having lunch at the food
court. “I think we scored,” Unger said
to McLeod,after she arrived,still
eating an apple.
Veterans of the Open, the sis-
ters had traveled to New York
from St. Paul and Detroit, but
their seats were in the top level at
Arthur Ashe Stadium. Unger rea-
soned that the practice courts
might be their only shot at seeing
a player like Federer up close. Sure enough, around 12:15 p.m.,
Federer strode onto the practice
courts and began to play. Hun-
dreds of fans packed themselves
against a fence, a sea of polo
shirts and straw hats, firing away
on camera phones, whispering
and pointing amid the rhythmic
popping of tennis balls hitting
rackets. “They’re so relaxed,” Unger
said as she and her sister
watched Federer from the back of
the bleachers in almost a daze,
heads shifting slightly from left to
right with the volleys. “It’s amaz-
ing.”
While most of the action at the
Open centers on the on-court dra-
ma, the practice courts —five on
the ticketed grounds and more
outside the main park — have a
subculture of their own. They re-
ward insiders who check the
schedule posted on a large screen
next to the viewing area,or those
who wait, sometimes for hours,
for a top-ranked player to come
out for a casual back and forth.
The top players generally prac-
tice on five courts near Ashe Sta-
dium, and the viewing area is one
of the more exclusive spots on the
grounds. Within a barricaded
area, a limited number of bleach-
ers are set up along one side of
the courts, which are otherwise
surrounded by tall hedges and a
covered fence. (The action on the
practice courts can also be seen
by enterprising fans from the top
of the bleachers on Court 4.)
Overheard at the court earlier
this week: “That’s Andy Roddick.
I can tell by the way he walks,”
“Who is she hitting with?” “Did
you see that volley?” and lots of
“Wow.”
This is an intimate side of the
United States Open, and perhaps
an endangered one. As part of an
overhaul to the tennis center, the
United States Tennis Association
announced plans in June to add
an elevated viewing platform be-
tween the practice courts and
neighboring tournament courts. “I understand the concerns
about security,” said Andy Kyzyk,
a New York native. “But when I
was a kid here, the players just
walked around. It was incredible. “Watching them practice like
this by the fence is great. You get
to see what they’re like when
they’re not on. This is their gala,
their moment. And to kids,
they’re just athletes. I think it’s
important they see the human
side.” Kyzyk, who has attended many
Opens, said that the practice
areas provided greater opportuni-
ties for procuring autographs and
photos. His 13-year-old son,Dani-
lo,was stationed near the barri-
cade where the players would
make their exit.
Fans without tickets can take
their chances on practice courts
outside the tennis center. To get
there, spectators must hike past
Ashe Stadium, through the food
and vendor booths and beyond
the secured entrance and walk
just beyond where spectators exit
No. 7 trains. When asked for di-
rections, many of the volunteers
politely offered confused smiles
and said that they were not sure
where the “other” practice courts
were. With a view of Citi Field in the
distance, dozens of players took
to the courts before a smattering
of fans. These courts were free to
the public for viewing, void of se-
curity clearances and stadium
noise, instead interrupted by the
occasional plane roaring past to
land at La Guardia Airport.On
Friday and Saturday, they also
Building, Rockefeller Center and
Central Park. When he realized
the United States Open schedule
overlapped with his own, he con-
sulted a map and an employee at
his Midtown hotel and made his
way to Queens. “I’ve watched it on television
for years,” he said. “But you don’t
realize how fast the ball is going
until you stand next to it. The skill
level is amazing.” Campbell said he was pleased
by the absence of crowds at the
outer practice courts, relative to
the other sights on his trip. “Plen-
ty of space,” he said.“But I’m
used to it. I’m from Manitoba.” He added: “I’m glad I got to
see some tennis. And I can go
home and tell everyone I was
there.” But sometimes the practice
courts can lead to disappoint-
ment. Amy Paske, a tennis coach,
and her mother, Betty Richard-
son, a retired nurse from Atlanta,
waited an hour at the main prac-
tice courts Tuesday night hoping
to get a glimpse of Serena Wil-
liams. Although she was on the
schedule, she did not appear. “It was frustrating,” Richard-
son said. “They said she was go-
ing to be here and she wasn’t.”
Undeterred, the two returned
the next day and were rewarded:
Roddick and Federer were on the
practice courts simultaneously. “You can get so close,” Paske
said. “They’re much more au-
thentic.”
View at Practice Courts anIntimate but Possibly EndangeredPerk
BARTON SILVERMAN/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The practice courts provide a close look at players like Sabine
Lisicki. But an overhaul could mean more structured viewing. By DAVID WALDSTEIN
From where Denise Starr was
playing on practice court No. 13,
she could see the upper reaches
of Arthur Ashe Stadium, and hear
the roars of the crowd during
Novak Djokovic’s victory over
Rogerio Dutra Silva there. Or per-
haps it was the cheers coming
from Louis Armstrong as Laura
Robson beat Li Na.
Few were cheering for Starr
out on the far reaches of the Billie
Jean King National Tennis Cen-
ter. Her mother was home sick at
their house in the King’s Highway
neighborhood of Brooklyn. Her
grandfather dropped her off at
the tennis center for her match
Friday, but then had to return to
work as a pharmacist in Brook-
lyn.When Starr won the final
point of her 6-1, 6-2 rout of Paula
Gutierrez Pérez of Spain in the
girls’ junior qualifying, the crowd
of seven people, including two col-
lege coaches on a recruiting trip,
clapped politely. Normally, the 17-year-old Starr
has free run of the tennis center.
She trains here year-round as
part of the United States Tennis
Association’s High Performance
program. Sometimes she hits on
the main practice courts where
Roger Federer and Serena Wil-
liams warm up during the United
States Open, or under the tempo-
rary bubble structures on several
side courts during cold weather.
Earlier this spring, she and a
friend hit for 10 minutes on the
court in Ashe.
But during the United States
Open, Starr has been relegated to
the outer limits of the grounds,
just feet from the Long Island
Railroad tracks, and must fight
her way back onto the grounds. If she wins one more qualifying
match on Saturday,she will enter
the main draw of the girls’ singles
competition, her first Grand Slam
event, and will get a chance to
play on the main grounds, where
she practices most of the other 50
weeks of the year.
“If I can win here, then I can
get back over there,” she said
while standing under a tree near
the entrance to the boardwalk
ramp to the No. 7 train and ges-
turing west to the main grounds.
“Then I get all of that. It would be
like a dream.”
Last year, Starr lost in the first
round of the qualifying tourna-
ment. But she has scored im-
pressive victories this year, and is
a rising talent. In March she beat
Ilka Csoregi of Romania, then
13th in the International Tennis
Federation’s junior rankings, at
Porto Alegre,Brazil. A month lat-
er she beat Jamie Loeb of Ossi-
ning, N.Y., another promising ju-
nior, in straight sets in Carson,
Calif.
She has played in Ecuador, Mo-
rocco, Italy and Bolivia, but is
now back on her home court,
even if she is temporarily treated
like an outsider. “These courts aren’t as good,”
she said of the far practice courts,
“but you have to be able to win on
anything.”
Starr used to train at the Key
Biscayne facility outside Miami,
but returned home because New
York was a better place for her
family. When she trains in Flush-
ing, she usually takes the subway,
which is about an 80-minute ride
on the B train with a transfer to
the No. 7 at Times Square. Some-
times her mother, Tanya Dayonts,
a former rhythmic gymnast from
Russia, gives her a ride.
Starr takes her high school
classes online and is one year
from attending college or turning
professional. College seems the
most likely course, but she is
keeping her options open, de-
pending on what happens here.
One college coach from a
Southern university, who asked
not to be named because it is an
N.C.A.A. rules violation to pub-
licly discuss a high-school-age
player, said Starr was a fast-ris-
ing college recruit, perhaps top 3
or top 4. “She has all the tools,” he said.
“I’m not sure where she will end
up, but I think a lot depends on
what happens in the next few
days.”
On Saturday, Starr will play
Victoria Rodríguez of Mexico, and
the winner will get that coveted
spot in the main draw of the girls
singles, beginning Sunday. The
qualifying match will be played
out on the far practice courts
again, where Starr and her oppo-
nent will have to pick up their
own balls, and where thousands
of fans coming off trains will walk
right past them heading into the
main stadiums.
Starr left the grounds before
finding out that Rodríguez had
beaten Katerina Stewart to set up
the match. Starr had to meet her
mother, who was picking her up
near the giant globe in Flushing
Park, for the 30-minute ride back
to Brooklyn.
“It doesn’t matter who I play,”
she said. “It’s up to me to play my
game.”
BEN SOLOMON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Denise Starr, second from right, trains year-round at the tennis center but has been on the far practice courts during qualifying. Far From Action
But Right at Home
Brooklyn Native Fights for Spot
In the Girls’ Junior Open Field
Ø
N
D5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
T E NNI S U.S. O P E N
By LYNN ZINSER
As the first sweltering weather
descended on the United States
Open on Friday, the tournament’s
young players found out how well
they could stand the real and
metaphorical heat.
As it turned out, only one
could. Laura Robson, the 18-year-
old from Britain who got atten-
tion by ending Kim Clijsters’s sin-
gles career in the second round,
powered her way past ninth-
seeded Li Na of China, 6-4, 6-7 (5),
6-2. Robson’s go-for-broke style
wore down Li and earned her a
spot in the fourth round.
“My game is based on being
aggressive, and if I don’t play
that way, then I probably would-
n’t be doing very well,” Robson
said. “I had to keep going for it.”
The young American Ryan
Harrison took the same approach
to his second-round match
against No. 7 Juan Martín del
Potro, but with vastly different
results. Harrison, 20, tried pound-
ing his way through, but even
when Harrison was on, del Potro
was able to handle his pace. Har-
rison threw in enough errors to
make del Potro’s 6-2, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2
victory seem all but inevitable.
“He’s a powerful guy. He
serves big and plays good of-
fense,” Harrison said. “Any time
the ball is up,you’re usually run-
ning or watching a winner go by
you. So he played about as well as
I expected him to, which is very
good tennis. I had to play my best
tennis to win, and I didn’t.”
Harrison, though, had a lot of
company in the fallen challengers
pile. Mallory Burdette, the
N.C.A.A. runner-up from Stan-
ford, never got a foothold in her
match against No. 3 Maria Shara-
pova and lost, 6-1, 6-1. Other matches with little dra-
ma included No. 2 Novak Djokov-
ic’s 6-2, 6-1, 6-2 victory over Roge-
rio Dutra Silva of Brazil, No. 4
David Ferrer’s 6-2, 6-3, 7-6 (12)
victory over Igor Sijsling of the
Netherlands, and fifth-seeded Pe-
tra Kvitova’s 6-4, 6-4 win over
Pauline Parmentier. Varvara Lepchenko, playing
her first Open as an American af-
ter gaining citizenship last year,
tried to throw a scare into the de-
fending champion Samantha Sto-
sur of Australia, the No. 9 seed.
She stretched Stosur to a first-set
tiebreaker, but Lepchenko
sprayed several errors long in
the tiebreaker, and Stosur rolled
from there.
“It was tricky out there during
the first set, and when it’s tight,
you know, it’s hard to really kick-
start something,” Stosur said. “I
think once I got that first set,
then I maybe relaxed a little bit.”
Stosur will face Robson in the
fourth round and understands
that she will face a challenger
with a suitcase full of confidence.
“She’s had two of probably the
best wins of her career, and she’s
starting to maybe live up to some
of that potential that people have
talked about from when she won
junior Wimbledon when she was
14,” Stosur said. “You’ve got to be
aware that she’s going to come
out swinging and have that confi-
dence behind her.”
Adding to that confidence,
Robson got proof she is now a
trending topic in Britain: the soc-
cer star Wayne Rooney congrat-
ulated her in a Twitter message,
but called her Laura Robinson.
“It’s great that he watched,
even though he got my name
wrong,” Robson said.
Robson’s advance was not the
only surprise of the afternoon ac-
tion. The American Steve John-
son, the two-time defending
N.C.A.A. singles champion at
Southern California, has made
the most of his wild card, advanc-
ing to the third round with a 6-7
(3), 7-6 (5), 6-3, 6-4 victory over
Ernests Gulbis of Latvia.
Johnson generally sits behind
Harrison in the pecking order of
next American stars, but he has
now lasted longer in the tourna-
ment. And he got to feel the
crowd’s support.
“The crowd was cheering ev-
ery point,” Johnson said. “To
know they’re all behind me was
pretty special.”
John Isner, the only American
ranked higher than Andy Rod-
dick, at No. 9, pounded down
Jarkko Nieminen,6-3, 6-7 (5), 6-4,
6-3. Isner has often been com-
pared to Roddick for his huge
serve and hefty forehand, but he
is already 27, just three years
younger than Roddick. Brian
Baker, also 27, lost to Janko Tpsa-
revic,6-4, 6-3, 6-4.
NOTES LLEYTON HEWITT
, the 2001 cham-
pion, worked quite hard to reach
the third round. He needed 4
hours 35 minutes to dispatch an-
other crafty veteran, GILLES MULL-
ER
, 3-6, 7-6 (5), 6-7 (5), 7-5, 6-4. ...
MARIA SHARAPOVA
confirmed that
she was no longer engaged to the
basketball player SASHA VUJACIC
.
She said the relationship had
been over since this spring. The
couple became engaged in Octo-
ber 2010. … KIM CLIJSTERS
, playing
her final tournament, opened her
mixed doubles tournament with
BOB BRYAN
with a 6-2, 6-2 victory
over IRINA FALCONI
and STEVE
JOHNSON
. Clijsters and Bryan
avoided a second-round matchup
with Bryan’s brother Mike and
LISA RAYMOND
, the No. 2 seeds,
who lost in the first round to EKA-
TERINA MAKAROVA
and BRUNO
SOARES
, 6-1, 7-5.
BEN SOLOMON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ryan Harrison, 20, of the United States lost to seventh-seeded Juan Martín del Potro of Argentina in four sets.The American Brian Baker also lost, but No. 9 John Isner won.
Robson Knocks Off Another Seed to Reach the Fourth Round
By HUNTER ATKINS
As if it were not enough to have
to face Andy Roddick the day af-
ter he announced his retirement,
Bernard Tomic had a tough act to
follow even entering Arthur Ashe
Stadium on Friday night. The sta-
dium lights were not yet on, but
Roddick’s enormous face glowed
from a video montage with clips
of his electric serve and equally
electric smile. “He’s not done yet,” the narra-
tor said, sending the message
echoing from the upper deck
down to the court. On a night
when nearly every spectator at
the United States Open wanted to
see Roddick deliver a rout, the
stadiumwas a temple of worship
for an idol of American tennis.
Roddick duly delivered, win-
ning, 6-3, 6-4, 6-0, to reach the
third round. He will face Fabio
Fognini of Italy on Sunday.
Tomic, a 19-year-old Austral-
ian, had been asked before the
match if it bothered him that he
would be hated by the crowd. He
flashed a boyish smirk, as if he
had nothing to lose. But he was
not up to spoiling the celebration. “I could not do anything,” Tom-
ic said after the match. “The
whole match was his way from
start to finish.”
Tomic, ranked No. 43 in the
world, had plenty of chances in
the first set, inducing several er-
rors off his slicing returns. But
Roddick overpowered him,
clinching the first set with a 136
mile-an-hour ace. Early in the second set, a sec-
tion in the upper deck tried to
start a chant for Tomic. But the
crowd, now filling the stands,let
out its first roaring cheer, and
Roddick went on to close out the
set to a familiar ovation. The crowd got what it wanted
when the third set ended in 21
minutes, without Tomic putting
up much of a fight. In the final match of the night,
top-seeded Victoria Azarenka
had a dominating win over Jie
Zheng,6-0, 6-1. It’s Roddick’s
Opponent
Bowing Out
forehands and sliced backhand
approach shots, Roddick won the
second-round match,6-3, 6-4, 6-0,
and perhaps went to sleep to
dream of pulling a Pistol Pete.
“I’m going to try to stick
around a little longer,” he said,
suddenly excited by his next op-
ponent, 59th-ranked Fabio Fogni-
ni of Italy.
With the rarest of exceptions, it
is virtually impossible to script
the perfect sports exit, although
Pete Sampras did just that when
he defeated Andre Agassi in the
2002 final at Flushing Meadows
in what turned out to be Sam-
pras’s last match. Sampras just
didn’t know it yet, and as a result
the moment was deprived of a
more deserved gravitas.
Agassi, Sampras’s career rival
but not his equal, managed to
turn his preordained goodbye
into a tearful melodrama after
losing his third-round match on
the Arthur Ashe Stadium court to
Benjamin Becker in 2006. We
would have expected no less from
the Las Vegas showman.
But the period doesn’t have to
be the most memorable career
punctuation. One of my favorite
tennis adieu moments occurred
in 1989 Down a service break in
the third set to a young Italian,
Laura Golarsa, Chris Evert was
in danger of closing at Wimble-
don — where she was a beloved,
three-time champion — in the
quarterfinals on Court 1.
After Golarsa hit a winning vol-
ley, a disconsolate Evert stood
motionless in the doubles alley —
head bowed, racket dangling —
when a high-pitched voice cried
out from the stands a few feet
away.
“Come on, Chrissie.” It was
Martina Navratilova, trying to
rouse her forever friend and ca-
reer measuring stick to a proper
burial, on Centre Court, against
Steffi Graf. With Navratilova
leading the cheers, Evert rallied
to win.
Discounting a brief return to
Wimbledon and the French Open
at 47, Navratilova narrowly
missed a Sampras-like ending,
Young American men he has
helped mentor are beginning to
emerge. Roddick has made mil-
lions and married a movie star,
Brooklyn Decker. And as his
friend, the broadcaster Justin
Gimelstob, told me recently,
“He’s a certain Hall of Famer.” For those who might disagree,
please remember that the less-
credentialed Michael Chang is al-
ready a member.
As Roddick said, he “got to
play” and win America’s Slam,
and so from the courts of the Bil-
lie Jean King National Tennis
Center he will take his leave. It
may be less difficult when some-
one else makes the decision, but
on one’s own terms there is time
to set a mood and have folks say
thanks for the memories.
have gotten really, really, really
good.”
Most tennis insiders believed
that the most bizarre exit of all —
Bjorn Borg’s from New York in
1981 — was the result of having
been surpassed by John McEn-
roe as the best men’s player. Af-
ter McEnroe beat him for the
Open title, Borg walked to the
net, shook hands, picked up his
rackets and walked out.
It was later revealed that Borg
had received death threats,
which explained his departure
from the stadium, not the Grand
Slam stage. At 25, he never
played another.
Taken in that broader and less-
scripted context, Roddick’s re-
tirement seems to be perfect.
priati, intense rivals who en-
dured great suffering during bit-
tersweet careers, for years of in-
activity couldn’t publicly admit
they were done while dealing
with an eating disorder (Seles)
and depression (Capriati).
Far more fortunate has been
Kim Clijsters, who has now called
two retirements, even if Wednes-
day’s final singles defeat to Lau-
ra Robson was on a two-thirds-
empty Stadium court. From here on out, Roddick can
expect the full capacity treat-
ment, and who knows? Maybe he
does have a run in him. Maybe it
changes his mind going forward.
That would be cool. Just don’t bet
the kids’ college savings on it.
“Frankly,” he said, “these guys
only predetermined.She just
couldn’t muster enough game to
take a 10th Wimbledon title in the
1994 Wimbledon final against
Conchita Martinez. Choosing not
to play the hard-court summer,
Navratilova left her fans misty
eyed by bending down to carry
off a small piece of Wimbledon
lawn. Most get neither blades of
grass nor a blaze of glory. Some
burn out and others fade away.
Monica Seles and Jennifer Ca-
Ready to Retire,but With Work Yet to Finish
RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Andy Roddick thrashed the 19-year-old Australian Bernard Tomic in straight sets to reach the third round.
From First Sports Page
‘Frankly, these guys
have gotten really,
really, really good.’
D6
ØØ
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
F O OT BA L L
By TOM SPOUSTA
ARLINGTON, Tex. — A time-
line written on a wall dominates
Rick Baker’s office at Cowboys
Stadium, detailing key dates and
notes from a tumultuous past
year in college football. Amid the
colorful marker-board entries,
one agenda item acts as a sign-
post of sorts for the sport’s new
epicenter. It reads: “June 26 The Day
That Changed College Football +
AT&T CB.” The storied Cotton Bowl, rele-
gated to second-class status dur-
ing the Bowl Championship Se-
ries era, experienced an instant
renaissance on June 26, when
university presidents ushered in
a four-team playoff system for
the 2014 postseason. Backed by
the Dallas Cowboys’ owner,Jer-
ry Jones,and the cachet of Cow-
boys Stadium as its calling card,
the Cotton Bowl has become a
major player as bids are consid-
ered and sites determined, per-
haps as early as year’s end. “I’m not sure some of my other
colleagues necessarily welcomed
it, but from our perspective it
was great,” said Baker, the pres-
ident of the Cotton Bowl. “We
needed change for us to get back
in that mix. We haven’t been in
that position since the Southwest
Conference went out of busi-
ness.” The rare partnership between
an N.F.L. franchise and a college
football organization will be
showcased for the 15th time Sat-
urday night when No. 2 Alabama
faces No. 8 Michigan at the sta-
dium. The fourth Cowboys Clas-
sic game marks the second con-
secutive matchup between pre-
season top-10 teams —No. 4 Lou-
isiana State beat No. 3 Oregon,
40-27,before a crowd of 87,711 last
year — and further fuels expec-
tations for college games at the
world’s largest domed stadium. Now that a college playoff is in
place, Stephen Jones, the Cow-
boys’ executive vice president
and a son of the owner, has plans
that sound outsized even by Tex-
as standards. He said the Cow-
boys and the Cotton Bowl would
continue to pursue the possibility
of hosting a national champion-
ship game “as hard as they let
us.”
“We’re going to leave no holds
barred on that one,” he said.
“That’s our commitment.”
The stadium has hosted about
five college games per season
since it opened in 2009, but Ste-
phen Jones wants to aim much
higher. “Our ultimate goal was to get
to a point where we played as
many college games as we did
Cowboy games,” he said, refer-
ring to Dallas’s eight regular-
season home dates. “But I like
the idea, let’s play one every
weekend. That would be even
better.”
To that end, he said talks had
begun with Fox about a game at
Cowboys Stadium to kick off that
network’s college season. That
would appear to conflict with ne-
gotiations with ESPN for a 2013
Cowboys Classic game, which
has yet to be announced, but
Jones was undeterred. “We’re seeing if we can start
with two of them,” Jones said.
“It’s in its very infant stages,but
we’re certainly looking at it.”
Even for teams with national
fan bases, increased visibility in
talent-rich Texas is never a bad
idea. And playing a neutral-site
game here is proving lucrative
enough to draw marquee pro-
grams. Alabama and Michigan
reportedly will receive $4.7 mil-
lion each this year. Notre Dame
has signed to play Arizona State
at Cowboys Stadium next sea-
son,and Texas will meet U.C.L.A.
in 2014, although neither game is
part of the Cowboys Classic se-
ries.This week, Arkansas and
Texas A&M agreed that, starting
in 2014, they will renew their
Southwest Classic game at Cow-
boys Stadium through 2024. The Big 12, based in nearby
Irving, lost its championship
game at Cowboys Stadium in the
upheaval of conference realign-
ment. Still, no matter if it is Texas
Tech versus Baylor (Nov. 24) or
Alabama against Michigan, the
league figures it benefits. “It’s going to have the eyes of
football viewers nationwide on
Dallas, and that’s a good thing
for the Big 12 as well,” the new
Big 12 commissioner,Bob Bowls-
by, said. For the Cotton Bowl, intrinsic
value comes simply frombeing a
liaison, a competitive edge that
allows it to build relationships
beyond its bowl conference tie-in
with the Southeastern Confer-
ence and the Big 12. So far, the
Big East and Atlantic Coast Con-
ference are the only Bowl Cham-
pionship Series leagues not to
schedule a game at Cowboys Sta-
dium.
“We really didn’t know the
Michigan people until we started
working with them on this
game,” Baker said. “Same with
Oregon and Oregon State. We
wouldn’t have had a reason to in-
teract with those teams in the
past;now we have friends at all
of those schools.” After June 26, those hand-
shakes and backslaps suddenly
carried national significance
again, and staging college foot-
ball at Cowboys Stadium shifted
into hyperdrive. “I don’t think
any part of the reputation took a
hit,” Jones said. “The only way it
took a hit was the Cotton Bowl
wasn’t included in the B.C.S. But
hopefully that’s going to change,
and the Cotton Bowl will be right
back in the forefront of the bowl
games in every way.”
Cotton Bowl Reinvigorated by Chance to Host a Final
JOHN F. RHODES/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Arkansas beat Texas A&M in last year’s Southwest Classic, one of several college games now held annually at Cowboys Stadium.
Auto Racing 7:00 p.m. Nationwide Series, NRA American Warrior 300 ESPN2
Baseball 1:00 p.m. Baltimore at Yankees YES
7:00 p.m. Mets at Miami SNY 9:00 p.m. Arizona at Los Angeles Dodgers MLB
Basketball / W.N.B.A. 4:00 p.m. Washington at Liberty MSG
7:00 p.m. Chicago at Indiana NBA TV
10:00 p.m. San Antonio at Phoenix NBA TV
Boxing 9:45 p.m. Gennady Golovkin vs. Grzegorz Proska, middleweights
HBO
Football / College 9:00 a.m. Navy vs. Notre Dame CBS
Noon Ohio at Penn State ESPN
Noon Northwestern at Syracuse ESPN2
Noon Western Michigan at Illinois ESPNU
Noon Marshall at West Virginia FX
Noon Buffalo at Georgia MSG
Noon Appalachian State at East Carolina MSG+
3:30 p.m. Miami at Boston College ABC
3:30 p.m. Bowling Green at Florida ESPN
3:30 p.m. Miami at Boston College ESPN2
3:30 p.m. Iowa vs. Northern Illinois ESPNU
3:30 p.m. Tulsa at Iowa State MSG+
4:00 p.m. Colorado State VS. Colorado FX
7:00 p.m. Auburn vs. Clemson ESPN
7:00 p.m. North Texas at L.S.U. ESPNU
7:30 p.m. Hawaii at U.S.C. FOX
8:00 p.m. Alabama vs. Michigan ABC
8:00 p.m. Rutgers at Tulane CBSSN
10:30 p.m. Arkansas State at Oregon ESPN
10:30 p.m. Toledo at Arizona ESPNU
10:30 p.m. Oklahoma at Texas-El Paso MSG+
Golf 7:00 a.m. Omega European Masters, third round GOLF
2:00 p.m. Deutsche Bank Championship, second round GOLF
Soccer 7:30 a.m. England, Fulham at West Ham ESPN2
10:00 a.m. England, Norwich City at Tottenham FSC
12:30 p.m. England, Queens Park Rangers at Manchester City FSC
2:30 p.m. Women, Exhibition, Costa Rica at U.S. NBC
Tennis 11:00 a.m. U.S. Open, third round CBSSN
Noon U.S. Open, third round CBS
12:30 p.m. U.S. Open, third round CBSSN
HOME
AWAY
SUN
9/2
THU
9/6
WED
9/5
SAT
9/1
TUE
9/4
FRI
9/7
MON
9/3
This Week
METS
MIAMI 7 p.m. SNY MIAMI 1 p.m. SNY ST. LOUIS
2 p.m.
SNY ST. LOUIS
8 p.m.
SNY ST. LOUIS
1:30 p.m.
SNY ATLANTA
7 p.m.
SNY YANKEES
BALTIMORE
1 p.m.
YES BALTIMORE
1 p.m.
TBS, YES TAMPA BAY
1 p.m.
YES TAMPA BAY
7 p.m.
ESPN, YES TAMPA BAY
7 p.m.
YES BALTIMORE
7 p.m.
YES BALTIMORE
7 p.m.
YES TV Highlights
More listings are at tvlistings.nytimes.com, under the Sports-Events category.
BUFFALO
JETS 1 P.M. SEPT. 9
CBS
WASHINGTON
LIBERTY 4 P.M. SATURDAY MSG
DALLAS
GIANTS 8:30 P.M. WEDNESDAY NBC
COLUMBUS
RED BULLS 7 P.M. SEPT. 15 MSG+
CA L E NDA R
continuing. The criminal trials of
the former athletic director Tim
Curley and the former university
vice president Gary Schultz begin
in January. One victim has sued the
university. More will almost cer-
tainly follow. “It can start, but the healing is
never going to be complete and it’s
going to take a long time,” said
John Nichols, 66, who taught at
Penn State for 35 years. “I’ll be
gone from the face of the earth be-
fore it’s done.” For some, Saturday’s season
opener represents a new begin-
ning.Gerald Hodges, a senior line-
backer, said he decided to stay with
the team, despite the N.C.A.A.’s al-
lowing players to freely transfer,
because, “We weren’t the only
ones suffering.” Many associated
with the university could not sim-
ply sever the connection. At his summer internship in St.
Louis, Still was considered the resi-
dent expert on the scandal. Cars
honked at the Penn State bumper
sticker of another student, Mike
Esse, when he was home in Michi-
gan. A doctor chided Matt Den-
stedt before an appointment for
wearing a Penn State shirt. These
instances were far from rare, and
far from the worst that some stu-
dents faced. “They’re just sick of it,” said Mi-
chael Poorman, the professor who
had taught a class called Joe Pa-
terno, Communications and the
Media from 2008 to 2011. Nichols
called the men involved in the Jer-
ry Sandusky scandal close friends,
save Sandusky, whom he did not
know. One of his children played
Little League baseball with one of
Sandusky’s victims. Nichols said
the scandal sickened him, but he
said he thought the report by the
former F.B.I. director Louis J.
Freeh, which found that top uni-
versity officials helped conceal
child sexual abuse allegations
against Sandusky, flawed.
He and 29 other former chair-
men and chairwomen of the faculty
senate, the faculty’s representative
body, questioned the Freeh re-
port’s “sweeping and unsupported
generalizations,” and criticized the
N.C.A.A. for handing down punish-
ments based on the report without
an independent investigation.
Nichols expressed concern that the
report’s “venomous rhetoric”
would affect the university’s aca-
demic standing.
“The statement that we as a uni-
versity community, at all levels,
privileged football over the well be-
ing of our own children? That is an
outrageous statement,” said Nich-
ols, who was a member of the
search committee that selected
O’Brien. “I mean, I raise my own
kids here, my friends, my family,
colleagues and neighbors. What
kind of subhuman people would do
that?” Nichols said he understood that
the statement would not change
the N.C.A.A.’s action. Instead, he
said, its purpose was to fight the
perception that the actions, or inac-
tions, of a handful of men defined
the university. The letter that appeared in the
local newspaper on Friday voiced
an opinion that is popular here:
that the board succumbed to pres-
sure from the news media in firing
Paterno last November. It read that not until “indisput-
able evidence” showed that Pa-
terno knew of Sandusky’s wrong-
doing, or the board acknowledged
its decision to fire Paterno was a
mistake, would the “concerned
alumni and friends” of Penn State
“move forward” and “join you on a
united front.”
As for the current students, now
that they are back on campus, and
away from the sideways looks their
Penn State affiliation drew over the
summer, they try not to spend time
thinking about the scandal. They
contemplate O’Brien’s prolific of-
fense. There are fewer stray tickets
to be bought. For prime seats,
more than 240 students camped
out Wednesday night in a make-
shift village of 31 tents, the former
Paternoville now known as Nitta-
nyville. That was nine more tents
than were set up for last season’s
opener.
Alex Eliasof, a junior who did not
camp out, said he was glad to be
back and “just be a Penn State stu-
dent: I can go to class, I can root
for my Lions,and no one’s going to
ask me why.”
Many around the campus say
the football opener will demon-
strate Penn State’s collective re-
solve. It should be noted that the
team’s practices have been phys-
ical of late.
“That’s all that anger we’ve got
built up,” Hodges said. He added,
“I can just tell that they’re ready to
unleash something.”
Penn State
Is Relieved
As Football
Returns
From First Sports Page
By SAM BORDEN
Giants cornerback Terrell
Thomas will miss a second con-
secutive season after the team
placed him on injured reserve
Friday because of a knee injury.
Earlier in training camp, he ag-
gravated the right knee that cost
him the 2011 season with a torn
anterior cruciate ligament. Other notable transactions in-
cluded: defensive tackle Shaun
Rogers was placed on injured re-
serve because of a blood clot;
running back D.J. Ware and
linebacker Greg Jones were cut;
and safety Tyler Sash was
placed on the suspended list as
he officially began his four-game
absence from the team after
testing positive for a banned
substance.
Ware’s departure means the
rookie David Wilson, Andre
Brown and Da’Rel Scott will
back up Ahmad Bradshaw at
running back.
JETS MAKE CUTS The Jets cut
three draft selections:receiver
Jordan White, running back Ter-
rance Ganaway and offensive
lineman Robert Griffin. They are candidates for the
practice squad if they clear waiv-
ers, as is the Australian tight end
Hayden Smith, who abandoned a
promising rugby career in Eng-
land to pursue an N.F.L. roster
spot. The Jets, evaluating other
teams’ transactions, are likely to
make additional changes to their
roster as soon as Saturday. BENSHPIGEL
TALKS WITH REFS RESUME
With
the regular season beginning in
less than a week, the N.F.L. and
the union representing its game
officials resumed negotiations in
hopes of striking a deal in time
for regular officials to work the
season openers next week. The officials have been locked
out since June,and negotiators
had not met since July 27. With
talks over a new deal at a stand-
still, the N.F.L. sent a memo to
its teams this week saying that
replacement officials would be
used for the first week of games.
The regular officials have been
preparing throughout the lock-
out to return to work. The two
sides probably have until late
Monday to strike a deal in order
to get a crew for the Wednesday
night opener between the Cow-
boys and the Giants.
The N.F.L. and the union are
sparring over raises for officials
and over a plan to convert the of-
ficials’ pension plan into a
401(k).
JUDY BATTISTA
MORE CUTS ACROSS LEAGUE
Backup quarterbacks were
prominent among players cut as
teams sought to get down to the
53-man roster limit.
The veteran Seneca Wallace
was beaten out by Colt McCoy in
Cleveland;Mike Kafka fell to the
rookie Nick Foles and the jour-
neyman Trent Edwards in Phila-
delphia;Brian Hoyer was cut in
New England;and Josh
McCown was cut by Chicago.
Other veterans released as
teams prepared for the regular
season included receiver Deion
Branch and center Dan Koppen
in New England; defensive
backs Joselio Hanson and O.J.
Atogwe in Philadelphia; Pitts-
burgh offensive lineman Trai Es-
sex and punter Jeremy Kapinos,
who were waived injured; and
Buffalo defensive tackle Dwan
Edwards.
The former Ohio State running
back Dan Herron was waived by
Cincinnati, and Washington cut
running back Tim Hightower
and safety Tanard Jackson, who
was suspended indefinitely by
the N.F.L. for violating the
league’s substance-abuse policy. Jackson’s suspension began
immediately. He will be able to
apply for reinstatement in ex-
actly one year.
(AP)
N.F.L. ROUNDUP
Giants Lose
Cornerback
For Season
MARK DUNCAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Seneca Wallace was cut by
Cleveland, one of several
quarterbacks released Friday.
SOCCER
Dempsey Moves to Spurs
The American forward Clint
Dempsey secured a move from
Fulham in the final hours of the
transfer window, signing a three-
year contract with Tottenham
Hotspur that will keep him in the
Premier League. Tottenham
agreed to pay $9.5 million for the
29-year-old Dempsey, and the
move signals the end of a short-
lived limbo for him. Fulham Man-
ager Martin Jol revealed on the
eve of the new season that Demp-
sey wanted to leave the club de-
spite scoring 23 goals in 45 ap-
pearances last season.More at
nytimes.com/goal.
KRISTIANWALSH
¶ The United States beat North
Korea, 2-1, to advance to the semi-
finals of the women’s Under-20
World Cup in Japan. The substi-
tute Chioma Ubogagu scored in
extra time. The United States will
play Nigeria in the semifinals on
Tuesday, and Germany will play
Japan. (AP)
HOCKEY
N.H.L. Talks Break Off
N.H.L. labor negotiations are at a
standstill after talks broke off two
weeks before the date the league
has threatened to lock out its play-
ers. Donald Fehr, the N.H.L. Play-
ers’ Association executive direc-
tor, announced that the league
had asked that talks be “re-
cessed” after the union presented
its latest proposal during negotia-
tions in New York. Fehr said the
union’s latest proposal “did not
bear fruit.” (AP)
COLLEGE FOOTBALL
M.S.U.Tops Boise State
Le’Veon Bell ran for a career-high
210 yards and 2 touchdowns, in-
cluding the winner with 8 minutes
12 seconds left,in No. 13 Michigan
State’s 17-13 win over No. 24 Boise
State in East Lansing,Mich. The Spartans turned the ball
over four times and trailed, 13-10,
before Bell scored from 5 yards.
The Broncos drove to the Michi-
gan State 42, but Joe Southwick’s
pass on fourth-and-2 was broken
up with 6:32 to play.
(AP)
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