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The New York Times - Saturday, October 20, 2012

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VOL.CLXII..No. 55,930
©2012 The New York Times
Late Edition
Today,periodic clouds and sun,
high 69. Tonight,partly cloudy, cool,
low 49. Tomorrow,sunny to partly
cloudy, breezy, cooler, high 64.
Weather map appears on Page C8.
Libin, chief executive of Ever-
note, turned to his wife last year
and asked if she had suggestions
for how the software company
might improve the lives of its em-
ployees and their families. His
wife, who also works at Evernote,
didn’t miss a beat: houseclean-
Today, Evernote’s 250 employ-
ees — every full-time worker,
from receptionist to top executive
— have their homes cleaned
twice a month,free.
It is the latest innovation from
Silicon Valley: the employee perk
is moving from the office to the
home. Facebook gives new par-
ents $4,000 in spending money.
Stanford School of Medicine is pi-
loting a project to provide doctors
with housecleaning and in-home
dinner delivery. Genentech offers
take-home dinners and helps em-
ployees find last-minute baby sit-
ters when a child is too sick to go
to school.
These kinds of benefits are a
departure from the upscale cafe-
teria meals, massages and other
services intended to keep em-
ployees happy and productive
while at work. And the goal is not
just to reduce stress for employ-
ees, but for their families, too.If
the companies succeed, the
thinking goes, they will minimize
distractions and sources of ten-
sion that can inhibit focus and
creativity. Now that technology has al-
lowed work to bleed into home
life, it seems that companies are
trying to address the impact of
home life on work.
There is, of course, the possibil-
Housecleaning, Then Dinner?
Silicon Valley Perks Come Home
Andrew Sinkov has his apart-
ment cleaned free, courtesy of
his employer, Evernote. Continued on Page A17
WASHINGTON — In the rar-
efied world of political consult-
ants who straddle the line be-
tween campaign adviser and cor-
porate strategist, Anita Dunn has
few peers. As a confidante of President
Obama and a senior campaign
adviser, Ms. Dunn has helped
prepare him for the debates this
month, plotted campaign strat-
egy and acted as a surrogate of
sorts in attacking Mitt Romney
for a “backward-looking attitude”
on issues like women’s rights and
health care.
She and her colleagues at
SKDKnickerbocker, a communi-
cations firm, have built a growing
list of blue-chip companies —
food manufacturers, a military
contractor, the New York Stock
Exchange and the Canadian com-
pany developing the Keystone
XL pipeline — willing to pay
handsomely for help in winning
over federal regulators or land-
ing government contracts. Some
clients and lobbyists who have
teamed up with SKDK say they
benefit from the firm’s ability to
provide information about the
Obama administration’s views. “It is difficult to penetrate this
administration,” said Jason Mah-
ler, a lobbyist for the computer
technology company Oracle,
which was part of a coalition that
hired Ms. Dunn’s firm to push for
reduced tax rates on offshore
profits. “Anyone that has an in-
sight into what they are thinking
or their strategy or thoughts on
issues we are working on is help-
ful, and they provided that.”
SKDK executives said that Ms.
Dunn, who declined to be inter-
viewed, was scrupulous about
separating her political work
from her corporate agenda, and
that she followed White House
ethics rules barring her from ap-
pealing on behalf of clients. What the firm offers, said Hil-
ary Rosen, an SKDK partner who
is also a high-profile Obama ally,
is help in navigating the political
landscape in Washington.
“It is not that people assume
we can talk to the White House to
influence them on policy,” Ms.
Rosen said, “but that we under-
stand progressive Democrats, in-
cluding the administration —
how they communicate their own
message, think about their mes-
sage — and therefore we under-
stand how things will play.” Still, Ms. Dunn’s dual roles
show the limits of Mr. Obama’s
attempts to change the culture of
Washington. Even as he pledged
to curb the influence of special in-
terests in the capital and has re-
stricted the role of lobbyists in his
administration, the president and
his top aides continue to rely on
political operatives like Ms. Dunn
who also represent clients seek-
ing to influence public policy.
“He’s gone in the right direc-
tion,” said James Thurber, a pro-
fessor at American University,
referring to measures that
opened more White House
records to public scrutiny and
that slowed the revolving door
between government and lobby-
ing firms. “But in the wide sweep
of things, he didn’t really change
Washington that much.”
The rules, for example, do not
apply to the army of consultants,
advisers, communication strat-
egists and others who represent
clients with federal agendas. Un-
like lobbyists, they are not re-
Strategizing for the President, and Her Corporate Clients, Too
President Obama with his advisers Anita Dunn, a partner in a
communications firm, SKDKnickerbocker, and David Plouffe.
Continued on Page A13
Somalis relaxed in the waters off Lido Beach, once a popular destination, as the ruins of Mogadishu, the capital, attested to dec-
ades of conflict. Conditions in the city have improved since the Shabab militants left last year, but occasional attacks still occur.
Somali Buildings in Rubble, but the Water’s Fine
BEIRUT, Lebanon — A power-
ful bomb devastated a Christian
neighborhood of this capital city
of Lebanon on Friday, killing an
intelligence official long viewed
as an enemy by neighboring Syr-
ia and unnerving a nation as Syr-
ia’s sectarian-fueled civil war
spills beyond its borders and
threatens to engulf the region.
The blast, which sheared the
faces off buildings, killed at least
eight people, wounded 80 and
transformed a quiet tree-lined
street into a scene reminiscent of
Lebanon’s long civil war, threat-
ened to worsen sectarian ten-
sions. By nightfall, black smoke
from burning tires ignited by an-
gry men choked the streets of a
few neighborhoods in the city,
which has struggled to preserve
a peace between its many sects,
including Sunni, Shiite, Christian
and Druse.
Within hours of the attack, the
Lebanese authorities announced
that the dead included the intelli-
gence chief of the country’s in-
ternal security service, Brig.
Gen. Wissam al-Hassan, instant-
ly spurring accusations that the
Syrian government had assassi-
nated him for recently uncover-
ing what the authorities said was
a Syrian plot to provoke unrest in
“They wanted to get him, and
they got him,” said Paul Salem, a
regional analyst with the Car-
negie Middle East Center.
But if the attack was targeted,
the blast was most certainly not.
The force of the explosion left eld-
erly residents fleeing their
wrecked homes in bloodied paja-
mas and spewed charred metal
as far as two blocks. Residents
rushed to help each other amid
the debris, burning car wreckage
and a macabre scene of victims in
blood-soaked shirts.
It was the first large-scale
bombing in the country since
2008 and was the most provoca-
tive violence here linked to the
Syrian conflict since it began 19 BLAST IN BEIRUT
Attack Ignites Violence, Upsetting an Uneasy Sectarian Peace
Continued on Page A8
This article is by Michael Bar-
baro, Sheryl Gay Stolberg and
Michael Wines.
BOSTON — As governor of
Massachusetts, Mitt Romney
could not resist burrowing into
the bureaucratic weeds: He once
took the statewide math and
reading test for 10th graders,
then startled his education com-
missioner by calling to say, “I like
No.14” and rattling off the an-
As head of the private equity
firm Bain Capital, he was so un-
comfortable cutting loose strug-
gling employees that a legend
grew: executives sent in to his of-
fice to be fired emerged thinking
they had been promoted.
And as a candidate for presi-
dent this year, he resisted pres-
sure from advisers to select a
running mate before leaving on a
high-profile trip overseas, insist-
ing that he makes better deci-
sions with time and reflection.
Mr. Romney’s bid for the White
House largely hinges on his own
narrowly drawn image of himself
as a chief executive: the data-
splicing, cost-cutting turnaround
expert. But dozens of interviews
with those who have worked for
him over the past 30 years — in
the Mormon Church, business,
the Olympics and state govern-
ment — offer a far more textured
portrait of the management style
that he might bring to the presi-
A serial chief executive, the
Republican presidential nominee
is steeped in management theory
and eschews gut instincts.He is
not so much a micromanager as a
microprocessor, wading deeply
into the raw data usually left to
junior aides. He entrusts advis-
ers with responsibility, but keeps
them on a short leash, monitoring
them through a flurry of progress
reports and review sessions. Mr.
Romney is, colleagues said, “con-
flict-avoidant.” His decision-mak-
ing process is unhurried and So-
cratic, his instinct to exhaustively
debate and prod.
“He was not somebody who
forced decisions to be made be-
fore they needed to,” said Geof-
frey Rehnert, a longtime execu-
tive at Bain Capital.
In his approach, there are in-
triguing echoes of and depar-
tures from presidents past. His
intensely hands-on style sets him
apart from George W. Bush, the
self-styled chairman of the board,
and Ronald Reagan, who cared
only for the big picture and left
dirt-under-the-fingernails policy
work to his staff. His tendency to
immerse himself in the details re-
calls Lyndon B. Johnson, who
closeted himself with Pentagon
brass to personally choose tar-
Romney as a Manager: Unhurried and Socratic
Leadership Style Continued on Page A14
DEIR SONBUL, Syria — The
government of Syria, trying to
contain a rapidly expanding in-
surgency, has resorted to one of
the dirty tricks of the modern bat-
tlefield: salting ammunition sup-
plies of antigovernment fighters
with ordnance that explodes in-
side rebels’ weapons, often
wounding and sometimes killing
the fighters while destroying
many of their hard-found arms.
The practice, which rebels said
started in Syria early this year, is
another element of the govern-
ment’s struggle to combat the op-
position as Syria’s military finds
itself challenged across a country
where it was not long ago an un-
contested force. The government
controls the skies, and with air-
craft and artillery batteries it has
pounded many rebel strongholds
throughout this year. But the
rebels continue to resist, mostly
with small arms.
Doctored ammunition offers an
insidious way to undermine the
rebels’ confidence in their ammu-
nition supply while simulta-
neously thinning their ranks. “When they do this, you will
lose both the man and the rifle,”
said Ghadir Hammoush, the com-
mander of a fighting group in
Idlib Province who said he knew
of five instances in which rifles
had exploded from booby-
trapped ammunition.
The practice has principally in-
volved rifle and machine-gun car-
tridges, but also the projectiles
for rocket-propelled grenades
and perhaps mortar rounds, ac-
cording to interviews with more
than a half-dozen rebel leaders in
Syria and many fighters, as well
as an examination of shattered ri-
fles and the contents of a booby-
trapped cartridge. The tactic is
highly controversial, in that it is
potentially indiscriminate.
The primary source for doc-
tored ammunition has been the
Syrian government, which mixes
exploding cartridges with ordi-
Syrians Place
Booby Traps
In Rebel Guns
Ammunition Is Rigged
So Weapons Explode
Continued on Page A8
Three leading Democratic “super
PACs” raised more money in Sep-
tember than they have in any oth-
er month this election, underscor-
ing the growing willingness of
wealthy Democrats to bankroll
groups whose existence they had
long opposed.
Democrats Put Aside
Distaste for ‘Super PACs’ ELECTION
Before a drone strike killed an Ameri-
can-born cleric in Yemen, Danish and
American intelligence officials concoct-
ed a ruse to try to find him. PAGE A11
INTERNATIONAL A4-11 A Wild Ruse to Trap a Jihadist
Berkeley, Calif., a bastion of populist
politics that championed free speech
and the antiwar movement, wants to
ban sitting on the sidewalk. PAGE A16 NATIONAL A16-18
A Movement to Keep Moving
“Country Bear
Jamboree,” Walt
Disney World’s 41-
year-old attraction,
is back without the
changes some fans
had feared, but Big
Al and the other
stars have restyled fur. PAGE C1
New Fur,
Same Act
In the digital race for market share,
Microsoft has instituted a privacy policy
to improve customer services while
stepping up competition with Google,
and illustrating the confusion surround-
ing Internet consumer privacy. PAGE B1
Confusion in a Privacy Policy No matter
which way the
election goes in
November, the
tial nominee is
seen as having
a limitless fu-
ture. For the
G.O.P., this is the ushering in of the new
face of the party. MAGAZINE
No Downside for Ryan
Gail Collins
Large families have been slighted by
New York’s efforts to provide housing
for the poor, advocates say. PAGE A19
NEW YORK A19-21 Housing Woes for Big Families
Major indexes,pressed by a growing list
of blue-chip companies posting disap-
pointing quarterly results,had their
worst day in four months. PAGE B1
On Poor Earnings, Stocks Drop
Big Tex, the 52-
foot-tall mechani-
cal cowboy who
towered over the
State Fair of Texas
in Dallas in size-70
boots and a 75-gal-
lon hat, was all but
destroyed by fire. PAGE A16 Fire Leaves Big Boots to Fill
The Pakistani girl shot by a Taliban gun-
man may make a full recovery, doctors
say, but is “still very ill.” PAGE A9
Hope for Injured Pakistani Girl The race for president is hardly
over, but the race for choice posi-
tions in the still-theoretical next
administration is on. In keeping
with Washington etiquette, the
contenders publicly deny any am-
bition for appointments. PAGE A12 If He’s Elected, I’d Serve
President Obama reached out to
women in the battleground state
of Virginia, accusing Mitt Romney
of developing “Romnesia” by con-
veniently forgetting his most con-
servative positions. PAGE A15
Obama Gives a Diagnosis
Virginia authorities charged a vot-
er registration supervisor hired
by Republicans. PAGE A15
Vote Drive Scrutinized
With a 5-0 victory, the Giants forced
Game 6 against the Cardinals. PAGE D3
Giants Prolong N.L.C.S.
Inside The Times
Hamas Works to Suppress
Other Militant Groups
Hamas, the Islamic group that gov-
erns Gaza and was once considered
an extreme Palestinian movements
itself, is working to suppress radical
Islamic militant groups, according
to militants, putting Hamas in the
unusual position of sharing an inter-
est with Israel.
PAGE A4 Twitter Removes Postings
Hours after Twitter blocked access
to the account of an outlawed neo-
Nazi group to users in Germany, the
social networking site agreed to re-
move anti-Semitic posts that were
proliferating in France under the
hashtag #unbonjuif, or “a good
Jew,” a French Jewish group an-
nounced. PAGE A9 G.I’s in Japan on Curfew
The United States military imposed
a curfew on all of its uniformed per-
sonnel in Japan, as it tried to re-
spond to public outrage over reports
of the rape of a woman on Okinawa
by American sailors. PAGE A10 South Africa’s Jobs Program
Amid mounting criticism that he has
failed to stem the tide of labor unrest
roiling South Africa, President Ja-
cob Zuma announced nearly $100
billion in infrastructure spending to
create jobs, hoping to quell broad
frustrations over rising inequality,
persistent poverty and low wages. PAGE A10 NATIONAL
Diabetes Study Ends Early
With a Surprising Result
A large federal study of whether diet
and weight loss can prevent heart
attacks and strokes in overweight
and obese diabetics has ended
ahead of schedule because the inten-
sive program did not help.
PAGE A17 Judge Denies Hearing
A judge rejected a request for hear-
ings from three men imprisoned by
the United States military for nearly
a decade in Afghanistan without
PAGE A19 Young Catholics Unite
A program called the Alliance for
Catholic Education, created at Notre
Dame, puts young idealists in needy
schools to fill an educational and a
spiritual gap.
Arrested in the News,
Exonerated in Silence
A mistakenly charged Brooklyn
man faces being identified publicly
as a possible murderer, even though
he was later cleared. Crime Scene. PAGE A19
Lower Manhattan Grows
After the population loss that fol-
lowed Sept. 11, the downtown area
has undergone a renaissance and
has become a magnet as a place to
live and work. PAGE A21 BUSINESS
Bank Secretary Accused
Of Embezzling From Boss
The secretary for William J. Salo-
mon, the former head of Salomon
Brothers, has been accused of steal-
ing nearly $2 million from her 98-
year-old boss.
PAGE B1 Russian Global Oil Power
Pending deals would bring more
than half of Russia’s oil industry un-
der government control and create a
new player on the world stage.
PAGE B3 Bank Aid in Doubt
Chancellor Angela Merkel of Ger-
many dampened expectations that
Irish and Spanish banks hobbled by
the financial crisis would receive di-
rect aid from a newly established
European bailout fund.
Giants Need Pitching
To Stage a Comeback
The Giants won three elimination
games in a row to escape their divi-
sion series with Cincinnati, and now
they need to do it again, against St.
Louis. On Baseball.
Commissioner Steps Aside
N.F.L. Commissioner Roger Goodell
recused himself from overseeing the
appeals of suspended players in the
New Orleans Saints bounty scandal.
Museum Defends Security
After Theft of Art
After the theft of seven artworks,
the Kunsthal Rotterdam says re-
ports of a rear door’s being opened
for the thieves is nonsense. But the
police clearly are looking into that
possibility. PAGE C1 FRONT PAGE
An article on Friday about an
unauthorized iron fertilization
experiment in the Pacific Ocean
misstated the year in which a
sanctioned experiment that was
analyzed in a recent journal arti-
cle had been carried out. It was
2004, not 2009.
An article last Saturdayabout
the handling of security at Ameri-
can diplomatic stations mis-
spelled the surname of the author
of a history of the design and con-
struction of embassies. She is
Jane Loeffler, not Loefller.
An article on Friday about the
release of Boy Scouts of America
files that detail decades of sexual
abuse misstated the role played
by a lawyer, Kelly Clark. Mr.
Clark won a judgment against the
Scouts in an abuse case in which
the files were used as evidence;
he did not lead the court fight to
seek public access to the files.
(That was led by another lawyer,
Charles F. Hinkle.)
An article on Friday about the
unusual camaraderie between
President Obama and Mitt Rom-
ney at the Alfred E. Smith Memo-
rial Foundation Dinner in New
York on Thursday night de-
scribed imprecisely the formal
attire worn by both men. They
wore tailcoats, not tuxedoes.
An article in some editions on
Tuesday about a lawyer, Kenneth
P. Thompson, who is challenging
the longtime Brooklyn district at-
torney, Charles J. Hynes, next
year, referred incorrectly to a
purported endorsement. Assem-
blyman Hakeem Jeffries said he
has not made an endorsement in
the race; it is not the case, as Mr.
Thompson’s spokesman had said,
that Mr. Jeffries backed Mr.
Thompson. THE ARTS
An article on last Saturday
about an exhibition at the Rose
Art Museum at Brandeis Uni-
versity of works by Dor Guez, an
artist from Jerusalem whose
work is critical of Israel, included
a number of errors and misquota-
Visitors who left comments at
a 2011 exhibition of Mr. Guez’s
work in Tel Aviv wrote, “Trai-
tor!” “Go show it in Gaza,” and
“Go to your friends in Gaza” —
not “You’re a terrorist” or “Go
back to Gaza.” The artist did not
say in a 2011 interview that his
work sought to “deconstruct the
Zionist master plan”; in an e-mail
exchange, he wrote that the ex-
istence of Muslim and Palestin-
ian minorities in the Jewish state
“formed an interference in the Zi-
onist master plan.” Brandeis students who were
quoted in the article commenting
that Mr. Guez’s work shown at
Brandeis seemed less overtly po-
litical than art displayed in Israel
were referring to exhibitions in
Israel by various Palestinian art-
ists, not to Mr. Guez’s shows
there. While publicity materials
about Mr. Guez’s Rose exhibition
described his work as focusing on
Christian Palestinians, they did
not “label” him a Christian Pales-
tinian. Contrary to the article’s asser-
tion, the university’s news direc-
tor says museum and university
officials do not acknowledge that
there is scant sympathy on cam-
pus for the Palestinian cause.
And Professor Gannit Ankori is a
curator of the Guez exhibition,
not a staff curator at the Rose.
An article this weekend on
page 16 about how Mitt Romney
might deal with unemployment if
he is elected president misstates
the year that Bobby Jindal,
whose job-creation policies as
governor of Louisiana were men-
tioned as a possible model for Mr.
Romney, was sworn into office. It
was 2008, not 2009.
An article this weekend on
page 60 about the makeup artist
Pat McGrath misstates her in-
volvement with Dolce & Gabbana
in the development of its Perfect
Luminous Liquid Foundation and
Glam Intense Liquid Eyeliner.
She was not the sole creator of
the products; she worked with
designers to create them.
They wanted to get
him, and they got him.
PAUL SALEM, analyst with the Carnegie Mid-
dle East Center, on the terror
attack in Beirut that killed
Brig. Gen. Wissam al-Hassan,
the intelligence chief of Leba-
non’s internal security service.
Joe Nocera PAGE A23
Charles M. Blow PAGE A23
C4 Obituaries
D8 Weather
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
Muslims clashed with the police Friday for the third straight day on the semiautonomous island of Zanzibar, above, over the disap-
pearance this week of Sheik Farid Hari,a leader of the Islamic Uamsho movement. Violence spread to the capital, Dar es Salaam. Religious Tensions Worsen in Tanzania By DAN BILEFSKY
BUCHAREST, Romania — Per-
haps the best that can be said of
relations between the president
and prime minister of Romania is
that they are unambiguous: they
can’t stand each other. That is less than surprising,
given that one of the first major
actions taken by Prime Minister
Victor Ponta after he came to
power in May was to push for a
vote on whether to impeach the
president, Traian Basescu. The
attempt to oust Mr. Basescu
failed in July, but the poisonous
effects are still being felt.
The acrimony has dashed the
high hopes that accompanied the
electoral victory of the 40-year-
old Mr. Ponta, who promised to
usher in generational change in a
country that has struggled to
overcome one of the harshest
Communist legacies among the
former Soviet bloc states. The two men are now locked in
an uncomfortable cohabitation
until elections in December, leav-
ing this poor Balkan nation adrift.
And even that vote, analysts say,
may prove inconclusive. In an interview at the gargan-
tuan and opulent 1,100-room Pal-
ace of Parliament, built by the
former Communist dictator Nico-
lae Ceausescu as a monument to
his authority and grandeur, Mr.
Ponta acknowledged mistakes
but fell short of expressing out-
right regret. He could barely conceal his
contempt for Mr. Basescu, a for-
mer ship captain, whom he ac-
cused of brazenly clinging to
power despite having been re-
jected by a majority of Roma-
nians, calling the president politi-
cally “illegitimate.” “My mentality as a new gener-
ation of politician is to respect the
institution even if I don’t respect
the person,” he said. “He will nev-
er give up. He is a former sea
captain, and you won’t see a for-
mer sea captain being humble or
giving up.”
Romania’s troubles have add-
ed to concerns in the United
States and Europe about the po-
litical instability and threats to
democratic institutions that are
intensifying across the former
Communist bloc. In Hungary, Prime Minister
Viktor Orban has come under
criticism for flouting democracy
with a series of measures that
have brought the judiciary and
the news media to heel. In the
Czech Republic, the government
has teetered on the edge of col-
lapse with ministers involved in
corruption scandals. Romania, in particular, lacked
a history of stable, enlightened
governance even before it en-
dured World War II and then dec-
ades of the Ceausescu dictator-
ship, which ended with his vio-
lent overthrow in 1989.
Since then, Romanians have la-
bored to build democratic struc-
tures virtually from scratch, find-
ing themselves in a far more
challenging position than almost
any of their post-Communist
neighbors. Romania’s foibles
have provoked debate about
whether it and Bulgaria, which
both entered the European Union
in 2007, were invited too soon, be-
fore their cultures of lawlessness,
corruption and winner-take-all
politics had been uprooted. The vociferousness of the do-
mestic battle in Romania has
overshadowed policy-making;
rattled the currency, the leu; and
undermined investor confidence
in a country that is the second
poorest in the European Union
after Bulgaria. Mr. Ponta’s government has is-
sued more than two dozen emer-
gency decrees — moves that,
while legal, have alarmed West-
ern diplomats and many Roma-
nians. The government dis-
missed the speakers of both
chambers of Parliament, which
the opposition said was unconsti-
tutional. And amid accusations
that it was pressuring the Consti-
tutional Court, the government
ousted the ombudsman, who has
the power to challenge emergen-
cy legislation before the court. Some members of the progo-
vernment media have accused
foreign journalists of being anti-
Romanian agents. The public re-
mains largely disgusted with en-
demic graft and corruption. Add-
ing to the mistrust are accusa-
tions that Mr. Ponta, a former
prosecutor, plagiarized parts of
his doctoral thesis. (He says the
accusations were politically moti-
vated, but an academic panel at
the University of Bucharest,
where he was awarded the Ph.D.
in 2003, upheld them. Yet, he has
not been stripped of his title.)
Romania’s mercurial president
has also played a key role in fo-
menting crisis.
The move for impeachment
was prompted by accusations
from the government that Mr.
Basescu had overreached his
mandate by, among other things,
refusing to appoint ministers
chosen by the prime minister,
pressuring prosecutors in legal
cases and using the secret serv-
ices against enemies. Mr. Basescu, who has denied
the accusations, accused Mr.
Ponta — already being criticized
for abusing the system of parlia-
mentary checks and balances —
of orchestrating a “coup d’état.”
Mr. Ponta said his main short-
coming had been to not effective-
ly communicate the reasons be-
hind the impeachment vote. To
repair the nation’s image, Mr.
Ponta said, he was studiously
avoiding confrontations with the
president, and had recently re-
moved himself from an acrimoni-
ous meeting about foreign policy
to avoid another public and dam-
aging altercation. “Our European and American
partners appreciate stability and
predictability, and the lack of
these two leads to overreaction
and misunderstanding,” Mr. Pon-
ta said, explaining the lessons he
has learned since becoming
prime minister.
Mr. Basescu declined an in-
terview request, in keeping with
the conspicuously low profile he
has maintained since the referen-
dum on his impeachment, which
was favored by an overwhelming
majority in July, even though the
turnout of 46 percent was below
the 50 percent needed to make
the vote valid.
Western diplomats were so
concerned in August that the
country was teetering toward
lawlessness that in August,
Washington dispatched Philip H.
Gordon, the assistant secretary
of state for European and Eur-
asian affairs, to Bucharest, where
he met both men and warned that
Romania must uphold the rule of
law. Chancellor Angela Merkel of
Germany and José Manuel Bar-
roso, the European Commission
president, have also voiced con-
cerns. Talks on Romania’s bid to
join the European Union’s cov-
eted visa-free zone, scheduled for
September, were postponed. Romania has to “remove all
doubts on its commitment to the
rule of law, the independence of
the judiciary and the respect for
constitutional rulings,” Mr. Bar-
roso warned Mr. Ponta last
month in Brussels. Monica Macovei, a former min-
ister of justice and close ally of
Mr. Basescu, argued in an in-
terview that the breaches of the
rule of law in the run-up to the
impeachment referendum were
worse than anything since the
Ceausescu era, referring to the
government’s measures to con-
solidate its power. But she insisted that Roma-
nia’s membership in the Euro-
pean Union had been instrumen-
tal in overcoming the political
showdown. The European Union
closely monitors Romania’s jus-
tice system and also gives Bucha-
rest much-needed financing.
That gives Brussels significant
leverage over the country. “We joined the E.U. to follow
the rules, not to destroy them,”
she said. There is little indication, how-
ever, that the political tumult will
end soon. Mr. Ponta’s leftist coali-
tion is expected to do well in the
December elections, analysts
say, but may fall short of winning
a majority. Voters appear even
more disenchanted with Mr.
Basescu and his rightist party,
which they associate with pun-
ishing austerity measures. More than anything, the re-
lentless sparring and stalemate
have engendered deep disap-
pointment among Romanians in
the promise of their young de-
mocracy and disillusionment
with their political leadership. “Our politicians behave like
children fighting over a toy,” said
Monica Cristea, 43, a manicurist
from Poenari, a village near Bu-
charest. “They have destroyed
our international reputation,” Ms.
Cristea said. “I am outraged. I
don’t like any of them. I don’t
trust them.”
Soon after taking office, the Romanian prime minister, Victor Ponta, above, sought to have the president, Traian Basescu, im-
peached. The attempt failed, but the enmity continues, contributing to instability and undermining investor confidence.
Symbol of Romanian Leadership? Hands on a Throat
A host of emergency
decrees alarmed
Romanians and
Western diplomats. A4
MEXICO CITY — Like a tropical
storm, rumors about the failing health
of Fidel Castro strengthened, swirled,
dissipated and left everyone guessing
again on Friday, as a doctor in Florida
— and a Twitter account falsely linked
to the Cuban foreign minister —
claimed that Cuba’s retired leader was
on his deathbed or dead.
It was at least the fifth time (or was it
50th?) that Mr. Castro had been sent to
the grave by uncorroborated accounts
since he left government after a myste-
rious ailment in 2006. And as with past
claims, the reality of the situation was
impossible to immediately determine. Members of Mr. Castro’s family and
the Cuban government, which consid-
ers Mr. Castro’s health a matter of na-
tional security, have denied the rumors.
Officials with the Cuban foreign min-
istry, in a rare step, even used Twitter
on Friday to denounce an account
claiming to be administered by the for-
eign minister, Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla,
after it sent out a death announcement
for Mr. Castro. The Twitter account was created only
Thursday and, despite its official-seem-
ing pronouncements, did not match the
Foreign Ministry’s Twitter handle. Similarly, the comments of a Venezu-
elan doctor in Naples, Fla., about the
state of Mr. Castro’s health raised eye-
brows because of the source: Dr. Jose
Marquina, a sleep specialist who
claimed in April that Hugo Chávez, Ven-
ezuela’s cancer-stricken president, was
in his “last days.” (Mr. Chávez is not
only alive, but he just won a heated
presidential race this month). Dr. Marquina seems to have set off
the latest round of speculation by telling
a Spanish newspaper and The Miami
Herald this week that Mr. Castro had
had a stroke and was in a vegetative
state. He offered no proof, and when
asked outside his Florida home on Fri-
day to explain the basis for his as-
sertions, he said:“No, no, no, no, no.
I’m not doing interviews.” Previously, Dr. Marquina has said he
had a number of sources in Venezuela
and Cuba who keep him informed about
the health of both leaders, Latin Ameri-
ca’s two most voluble leftists. Mr. Chá-
vez has been out of the public eye for
several days, without explanation. The
speculation among some theorists: He
is in Havana saying his final goodbyes
to his close friend and mentor, Mr. Cas-
tro. Cuban state media published a letter
on Thursday that was said to be written
by Mr. Castro, in which he congratulat-
ed medical school graduates. But for
those who watch Cuba closely, Mr. Cas-
tro’s long illness;his age, 86;and the
lack of visual proof that he is still alive
have become too much to ignore. Ann Louise Bardach, the author of
several books on Cuba, including “With-
out Fidel,” said this round of rumors
amounts to what could be the first “au-
thentic red alert.” “Here is what we know: We know
there has been no photograph since
March,” she said. “Every other time
when they say he is dead or dying they
show you a photo or video of someone
visiting him.”
On Twitter, skeptics and believers
seemed to emerge in equal number. A
search for “Fidel” yielded a never-end-
ing stream of commentary on Friday.
Another Day,
Another Claim
That Castro
Is Really Dead
Rumors, denials and
silence follow the health
of Cuba’s retired leader.
GAZA — Hamas, the Islamic group
that governs Gaza and was once consid-
ered one of the most extreme Palestin-
ian movements itself, is working to sup-
press the more radical Islamic militant
groups that have emerged here, ac-
cording to militants, putting Hamas in
the unusual position of sharing an in-
terest with Israel.
The jihadist extremists, known as
Salafists and inspired by the ideology of
Al Qaeda, are challenging Hamas’s in-
formal and fragile cease-fire with Israel. Salafist militants say Hamas has
been making arrests in recent days and
confiscating weapons from one of the
groups, Jaish al-Umma, or Army of the
Nation. While some Salafists seek to
further their uncompromising form of
Islam by peaceful means, others here
have turned in recent years to violence.
Both Hamas and Israel view the Sala-
fist militant groups with increasing con-
cern. Israeli officials point to the contin-
ued flow of arms into Gaza and to links
forged between the groups in Gaza and
those across the southern border, in the
rough and mountainous desert terrain
of the Sinai Peninsula.
“Hamas is tightening the grip on our
necks and storms our houses,” a Salafist
said in an interview this week at his
house in a refugee camp in central
Gaza. Speaking on the condition of ano-
nymity to avoid the attention of the Ha-
mas authorities, he added, “We are
chased down by Israel, Hamas and
The activist used to belong to another
radical group called Jund Ansar Allah,
or Soldiers of the Supporters of God,
which was crushed by Hamas in 2009.
Now, he spends most of his time re-
searching Islamic law and consulting
with other Salafists who come to his
home, which has a library of about 100
books on Islamic subjects.
A Salafist leader who also spoke
anonymously for fear of reprisal by Ha-
mas said in an interview, “The jihadists
as groups are over now.” He said Ha-
mas had been going after the groups
one by one.
Hamas government officials refused
to comment on measures against the
Salafist militants. But Yahiya Moussa, a
Hamas member of the Palestinian Par-
liament, said that while the Salafist
groups had the right to carry out resist-
ance against Israel, it must be “within
the unified and national program,”
meaning in line with Hamas policy.
A senior Israeli defense official, Yossi
Kuperwasser,said that in Gaza, Israel
was facing a “hostile governing element
challenged by an even more hostile ele-
ment” and that “radical Islamic groups
are competing with each other over who
is more radical.” In a briefing with re-
porters in Jerusalem this week, Mr.
Kuperwasser, the director of Israel’s
Ministry of Strategic Affairs,also said
the Palestinian Islamic Jihad group, an-
other significant force positioned some-
where between Hamas and the Sala-
fists, was becoming stronger and better
armed. Twice this month, Israel has
launched deadly missile strikes against
militants in Gaza whom it identified as
operatives in the global jihad move-
ment, saying they were involved in fir-
ing rockets and planning other attacks
against Israel.
One of the strikes killed Hisham al-
Saidini,a senior militant who led the Al
Tawhid and Jihad group.The Israeli
military said Mr. Saidini had been plan-
ning a complex attack against Israel
along the Sinai border by Gaza-based
militants in collaboration with Salafist
operatives in Sinai.
Hamas has been tightening security
along Gaza’s border with Egypt in an ef-
fort to prevent logistical cooperation be-
tween the groups on both sides, carry-
ing out more identity checks of people in
the area, according to Palestinians who
work in the smuggling tunnels that run
beneath the border.
While some point to the success of
Hamas in containing the Salafist
groups, others note that the effort is
complicated by the fact that most of the
jihadists emerged from the ranks of Ha-
mas. They left after the group decided
to participate in Palestinian parliamen-
tary elections in 2006 and beat its sec-
ular rival, the Fatah movement.
Salafists said Hamas’s decision to
participate in the elections derailed it
from its Islamic course. A year later, af-
ter bouts of bloody factional fighting,
Hamas seized full control of Gaza, rout-
ing the Fatah forces there.
Salafists have been active in Gaza for
decades, engaged in charitable activi-
ties and Islamic education, and depend-
ent on donations from supporters
abroad, mainly in Persian Gulf states.
But after the elections in 2006, mil-
itant jihadists began attacks against Is-
rael and also against Internet cafes, res-
taurants and women’s hair salons in
Gaza, places they saw as being at odds
with their deeply conservative interpre-
tation of Islam.
A turning point came in August 2009,
when the radical group Jund Ansar Al-
lah declared an Islamic emirate in the
southern part of Gaza. About 100 of the
group’s men holed up in a mosque in the
southern city of Rafah and engaged in a
standoff with Hamas security officers
that ended in a shootout. In all, 28 Pales-
tinians were killed in the fighting, most
of them Salafists, including the group’s
leader, Abdel Latif Moussa.
Nathan Thrall,a Middle East analyst
at the Brussels-based International Cri-
sis Group,noted that since the crack-
down in 2009, the number of attacks
against cafes and entertainment sites in
Gaza had decreased dramatically.
“Hamas has been overwhelmingly
successful in containing Gaza’s Salafi-
jihadi groups,” Mr. Thrall wrote by
Adnan Abu Amer, a political analyst
in Gaza, said the Salafists, especially
those engaged in violence, had only a
“modest structure” in Gaza that lacks
popular support, making it easier for
Hamas to curb them.
Israeli officials also point to a degree
of ambivalence in Hamas’s dealings
with the jihadist groups.
“Till now, Hamas has not reached a
strategic decision to put an end to this
phenomenon,” said Mr. Kuperwasser,
the defense official. He noted that Ha-
mas had released Mr. Saidini, the mil-
itant recently killed in an Israeli strike,
from prison in August.
Mr. Kuperwasser said Hamas’s re-
luctance to decisively confront the ji-
hadist groups may stem from a fear of
their strength, as well as the possibility
that some Hamas security members
would balk at taking tough action
against former colleagues.
“They do take some steps on the
ground,” Mr. Kuperwasser said of Ha-
mas, “but never full-heartedly.”
Palestinians paid their final respects to the Salafist leader Hisham al-Saidini, who was killed in Gaza by one of two Israeli missile strikes this month. Hamas Finds Itself Aligned With Israel Over Extremist Groups
Guarding the smuggling tunnels along the border with Egypt in Rafah. Ha-
mas has worked to prevent logistical cooperation between militant groups. Fares Akram reported from Gaza, and
Isabel Kershner from Jerusalem. By KEITH BRADSHER
BEIJING — Advocates for far-reach-
ing economic policy changes in China
have long pinned their hopes on Wang
Qishan, a cagey former banker with a
reputation for forcing difficult decisions
through recalcitrant bureaucracies.
When Zhu Rongji was prime minister
of China from 1998 to 2003, dismantling
thousands of state-owned enterprises
while opening the path for a boom in
private enterprise, Mr. Wang was the
protégé at his side. When the SARS vi-
rus began running unchecked through
the city of Beijing in the spring of 2003,
Mr. Wang was named acting mayor and
quickly brought the disease under con-
trol. And when President Hu Jintao need-
ed a vice prime minister in 2008 to man-
age day-to-day financial and economic
policies and oversee economic relations
with the United States, he turned to Mr.
But a number of Communist Party in-
siders say that with the approach of the
18th Party Congress, scheduled to begin
on Nov. 8 and the forum for China to
usher in a new leadership team for the
first time in a decade, Mr. Wang’s
chances of being named to a top job
with broad authority over the economy
appear to be dwindling by the day. While the responsibilities of China’s
new leadership team have not yet been
finalized — and are not expected to be
announced until the end of the Party
Congress — the emerging consensus is
that Mr. Wang is likely to be promoted
to a position on the Standing Committee
of the Politburo, China’s top decision-
making body, but not to have day-to-day
control of the bureaucracy that over-
sees China’s still largely state-driven
Insiders say they now expect that
economic policy will be left mostly in
the hands of Li Keqiang, who is set to
replace Wen Jiabao as prime minister
next year. Mr. Li, 57, is a highly educat-
ed official with an almost professorial
style who is said to read voluminous
economic policy reports in often minute
detail. But he has considerably less experi-
ence than Mr. Wang, 64, in handling cri-
ses or pushing through tough decisions
that offend vested interests, said a long-
time associate of both men. Mr. Li
“might not have the leverage to get
things done,” he said. A broad consensus exists at senior
levels of the Chinese government in fa-
vor of shifting the economy toward a
more sustainable trajectory. That tra-
jectory could rely more on domestic de-
mand than exports, more on consump-
tion than investment spending, more on
small and medium-size private compa-
nies than state-owned enterprises and
more on creditworthiness than political
connections to allocate loans from the
state-owned banking system.
But practically every specific policy
change required to carry out that broad
objective is blocked by a different in-
terest group, often including the
“princelings” — children of current and
former senior Chinese officials.
Indeed, Mr. Wen, the departing prime
minister, has spent a lot of time talking
about the need for economic changes,
but has had little success in pushing dif-
ficult decisions through the bureaucra-
cies of the Communist Party and the
government. Mr. Wang had been considered until
recent days to be a strong candidate to
become executive vice prime minister,
an influential position with the main re-
sponsibility for putting in place policies
on practically all nonmilitary issues.
But while that cannot be entirely ruled
out, opinion in elite circles seems to be
moving quickly against him, said an-
other admirer of Mr. Wang with high-
level access in the Communist Party.
Party insiders with access to min-
isters and more senior officials said that
Mr. Wang now appeared most likely to
be made the chairman of the Chinese
People’s Political Consultative Confer-
ence — a figurehead position at the
head of a national advisory body. He
also has an outside chance of becoming
the chairman of the National People’s
Congress, which has important respon-
sibilities for legal changes but a lesser
role on economic policy.
Either position would confer mem-
bership in the Standing Committee of
the Communist Party’s Politburo, the
nine-member panel that rules China
and might shrink to seven members af-
ter the Party Congress. Indeed, both
chairmanships are considered senior As China Weighs Shifting Economic Policy, a Rivalry for Its Stewardship
A Top Contender Fades
Li Keqiang is expected to become
prime minister of China next year.
Continued on Page A10
, France
among his many ac-
complishments, has
managed to merge his vocation
and his avocation. Having found-
ed one of the world’s best Ba-
roque orchestras, he has brought
its music to his extraordinary
garden here, which he has de-
signed, shaped and cultivated
over the last 30 years. The garden mixes whimsy and
formality and has been listed by
the French government as a his-
torical monument. It was the first
time a garden has been officially
listed during its creator’s lifetime
since Monet’s Giverny.
The garden has been a private
retreat, Mr. Christie said, a “se-
cret garden” for himself and a
few friends, where he found sol-
ace, contentment and privacy in
a life filled with travel, rehearsals
and performances. He spends
half of his life on the road, direct-
ing and playing with the orches-
tra he founded in 1979, Les Arts
Florissants, giving master class-
es at the Juilliard School and oth-
er institutions and, as he travels,
coming up with ideas for his 37-
acre garden, which is never quite
finished. The latest, he said, is a
design for a chicken run.
The garden contains different
styles and settings — a formal
Baroque courtyard, for example,
and a topiary theater shaped like
a pagoda, designed as living
stages for performances. But
only this year did he establish a
music festival here, where for
several days last month he and
the orchestra, joined by singers
and recent graduates of Juilliard,
played selections from Handel,
Charpentier, Corelli, Couperin
and others.
“It’s an important part of my
life, to construct something
where I can feel comfortable and
protected, and away from some-
thing else, which is what gardens
historically were for,” Mr. Chris-
tie said. “The idea of creating a whole
world of one’s own, that’s very
important. So I’ve always been
ambivalent” about opening it to
strangers, he said. “This garden
has a Baroque exuberance, or ex-
travagance, and I’ve been hold-
ing on to this for a long time, so
that when it started to get pre-
sentable I decided I would do
something more open to the pub-
The revelation of any private
place is wrenching for any pri-
vate person, he said, but it has
also been a gesture to some of his
closest collaborators. “Very old
friends have suddenly discovered
a facet, an aspect of my music, of
my life,” he said.
R. CHRISTIE, 67, came to
France in 1970 to escape
the Vietnam War and a
period of American history he
says he found unbearable. Born
in Buffalo, he signed up for the
Army Reserve to stay in gradu-
ate school at Yale and spent a
summer training at Fort Benning
in Georgia, which horrified him.
“Seeing beaches full of ladies in
white gloves applauding mock at-
tacks on mocked-up Vietnamese
villages and someone calling out
the body count and people ap-
plauding, it was pretty gro-
tesque,” he said. He taught music at Dartmouth,
and his contract was not re-
newed. At the height of the Viet-
nam War, and after the killings of
student protesters at Kent State,
“I was fed up,” he said.
Then serendipity struck. In
Vermont, he met a man named
John Evarts, who had been a sen-
ior Unesco official involved with
music. “He was bigger than life,
an American Brahmin,” he said, a
descendant of William Evarts, a
secretary of state, attorney gen-
eral and senator in the years af-
ter the Civil War. “You’ve got to
get out of this place,” he said Mr.
Evarts told him, because Dart-
mouth was no place to begin a
music career. He introduced Mr.
Christie to the orchestra of the
BBC. Equipped with a music degree
from Yale and an untested talent,
Mr. Christie, a harpsichordist, got
a contract with the BBC and then
built a new life in France. Here he
has become a famous figure who
has restored to the French their
Baroque repertory and has been
repeatedly honored by the gov-
ernment for his work.
The garden is considered a
clue to the private Mr. Christie.
“Bill has been making this gar-
den for 30 years,” said John Hoy-
land, a garden consultant who
has Glyndebourne, in England,
as one of his clients. “This is a
man who knows what he wants
and has a vision. Who would
dream of planting yew and turn-
ing it into a Chinese pagoda?”
The garden is a palette of
greens, with relatively few flow-
ers, Mr. Hoyland said, built on
four basic plants: yew, horn-
beam, box and lime trees. “But
the range of greens and their vi-
brancy, and the way the wind
moves through it, and the light,
it’s just magnificent,” he said.
“It’s a garden that calls me back.”
“The French had turned their
back on their own musical tradi-
tion, and their gardening tradi-
tion, too,” Mr. Hoyland said. “Bill
has shown the French their own
UT relations with the neigh-
bors have not always been
easy for such a flamboyant
foreigner, who is both appreciat-
ed and resented. Mr. Christie de-
scribed a meeting of the Thiré
council to discuss some houses
he had bought. One was to be a
rehearsal space, and a council
member said, “That means
you’re going to make noise.” He
wanted to say that he would
make less noise than her yapping
dogs, but restrained himself. “I
thought I’d be cute and amusing
and said, ‘Well, I get paid for the
noise I make, and sometimes
rather well!’” he said. “But that
went down very badly.”
He said he felt it was important
to open his sanctuary to his
neighbors, and he also played
concerts in the Thiré church. But
his beautiful house, which dates
from the 17th century and was an
abandoned wreck when he dis-
covered it in 1985, is off-limits ex-
cept to friends.
One of Mr. Christie’s friends
and sponsors, Dena Kaye, said
that “to fill his garden with his
music is a very great thing; this
is monumental for him.” Ms.
Kaye, the daughter of the actor
Danny Kaye, runs a foundation
named after her parents, and she
and her husband stayed in the
house for the festival.
She is working with Mr. Chris-
tie on plans for a French-Ameri-
can nonprofit foundation to con-
tinue the work of his orchestra
and to preserve the garden and
the festival. “I’m 67, going on 68, and I can
see where I’m going now,” Mr.
Christie said. “I’m talking about
the garden but also the Arts Flo-
rissants, and that’s far more im-
portant.” He fears that the
French government, in these
budget-crunching days, can no
longer provide as much support
to culture, and he feels a bit in a
“I haven’t had my say yet,” he
said, staring out over the garden
toward the grotto, on the hill be-
yond the river, as a fountain
splashed and birds called to one
another in the trees. “There’s an
immense amount of music I want
to do, to share and play with oth-
ers.” He used the French word
“pérennité,” or sustainability.
“How do we keep things going?”
he said. “And this has to do with
this garden, the epicenter of my
It is inspiring to open his gar-
den to visitors, he said, but it is
also a great relief when they
leave. “You look forward to the
moment when, ah, you can walk
out into the garden at any mo-
ment of the day or the early
evening,” he said. “And there you
are, all by yourself.”
“Very old friends have suddenly discovered a facet, an aspect of my music, of my life.”
THE SATURDAY PROFILE Opening the Gate to a World All His Own
Mr. Christie, the founder of an acclaimed Baroque orchestra,
opened his garden in Thiré, France, for a music festival. By ALAN COWELL
The British police said Friday
that the allegations of sexual
abuse leveled against one of Brit-
ain’s best-known television per-
sonalities were “unprecedented,”
with more than 400 leads and at
least 200 potential victims, more
than three times the tally only
days ago.
The disclosure represents a
significant widening of the scan-
dal, as victims and accusers over-
come decades of reticence to step
forward and denounce the for-
mer BBC host, Jimmy Savile,
who was knighted by Queen Eliz-
abeth II and had often been de-
picted as a national treasure.
“The public’s response to this
issue has been astounding,” Pe-
ter Spindler, a commander with
Scotland Yard, said in a state-
ment. “We are dealing with al-
leged abuse on an unprecedented
scale. The profile of this opera-
tion has empowered a staggering
number of victims to come for-
ward to report the sexual ex-
ploitation which occurred during
their childhood.”
The accusations against Mr.
Savile, who died last year at the
age of 84, have stunned many
Britons, shattering the public im-
age of a television personality
who for decades attracted a
young audience through his role
as host of two popular BBC pro-
grams, “Top of the Pops,” a chart-
countdown show, and “Jim’ll Fix
It,” in which Mr. Savile promised
to grant viewers’ wishes. The accusations first came to
light in a documentary broadcast
this month on the rival commer-
cial channel ITV. With his hallmark peroxide-
blond hair and long cigars, Mr.
Savile was widely known as a
showman whose celebrity en-
abled him to sponsor many char-
ities. The complaints of abuse of
under-age girls in hospitals that
Mr. Savile visited as a volunteer,
in children’s homes and on the
premises of the BBC, Britain’s
public broadcaster, have also
raised searing questions about
why the station did not move ear-
lier against Mr. Savile, whose be-
havior was the topic of much-
discussed rumors among BBC
One question is why the BBC’s
often pugnacious current-affairs
program “Newsnight” decided to
drop a planned segment about
Mr. Savile’s behavior, chronicled
by women prepared to say pub-
licly that he had abused them. The reason, officials have said,
is that the editor in charge of the
segment did not believe that the
available evidence was sufficient.
Three separate inquiries are
investigating the BBC’s decision
not to air the “Newsnight” seg-
ment and the broadcaster’s fail-
ure to investigate Mr. Savile,
threatening the prestige of one of
Britain’s most venerable and
trusted institutions at a time
when the tabloid press is under
separate scrutiny for its behavior
in a phone hacking inquiry. Earlier this week, Scotland
Yard put the number of likely
abuse victims at 60. But in its statement on Friday,
Scotland Yard said, “After two
weeks of gathering information
from both the public and a num-
ber of organizations, in excess of
400 lines of inquiry have been as-
sessed and over 200 potential vic-
tims have been identified.”
The police also said officers
were prepared to work in parallel
with the BBC’s own inquiries in a
way that ensured that “any fu-
ture potential criminal action is
not jeopardized.”
“As we have said from the out-
set, our work was never going to
take us into a police investigation
into Jimmy Savile,” the police
said of their inquiry, which is
code-named Yewtree. “What we
have established in the last two
weeks is that there are lines of in-
quiry involving living people that
require formal investigation.”
Commander Spindler indicated
that more people might come for-
ward. “I am pleased that victims
feel confident enough to speak
out about the abuse they suffered
and would like to reassure the
public that we take all these
cases very seriously and they
will be investigated with the ut-
most sensitivity,” he said.
Abuse Allegations Against BBC Host Multiply in Britain
nary rounds on the black mar-
kets through which rebels ac-
quire weapons, the commanders
Some booby-trapped ammuni-
tion may also have entered Syria
from Iraq, where during the most
recent war the Pentagon and the
Central Intelligence Agency se-
cretly passed doctored ammuni-
tion to insurgent groups, several
American veterans and officials
The United States runs a simi-
lar program in Afghanistan, try-
ing to undermine the Taliban.
The United States has provided
humanitarian and communica-
tions aid to the Syrian rebels, but
has refused to supply weapons of
any kind. The practice of manufacturing
and surreptitiously distributing
tampered military equipment
that explodes at unexpected
times has a long history, but it is
not often publicly documented as
it happens. The British and Ger-
man militaries used the tactic in
World War II, and the United
States developed exploding
Kalashnikov ammunition in the
1960s and leaked it to South Viet-
namese guerrillas and North
Vietnamese soldiers.
One classified American ord-
nance intelligence document,
viewed by The New York Times,
suggests that the Soviet Union
pursued a similar program in Af-
ghanistan in the 1980s.
Governments labor to keep
their doctored-weapons pro-
grams secret, in part because
they are potentially indiscrimi-
nate and often provide enemy
forces with working ammunition,
with which the rigged ammuni-
tion has been mixed. The tactic
can also jeopardize friendly
forces, causing casualties or de-
stroying weapons among govern-
ment troops or proxies — raising
political sensitivities and eroding
Nicholas Marsh, a research fel-
low at the Peace Research Insti-
tute Oslo who covers arms and
arms trafficking, said that for
these reasons, while there are
many precedents, the tactic is not
“The problem with them is the
same as with land mines,” Mr.
Marsh said. “You can’t be sure
who is going to pick up and try to
use the spiked ammunition.”
In many cases in Syria, the
spiked ammunition found its in-
tended target: fighters seeking to
overthrow President Bashar al-
Assad. The wounding of Muham-
mad Saleh Hajji Musa, 36, in the
highlands of Jebel al-Zawiya, pro-
vided an example.
Mr. Musa was part of a group
that had surrounded a govern-
ment checkpoint late this spring
and was pressing its attack. As he
fired his rifle, he said, there was
an explosion between his hands.
It knocked him over.
“I thought a shell had landed
on me,” he said. Mr. Musa’s face
was badly cut, and his right hand
was mangled. He spent months
convalescing, but he is now fight-
ing again. His hand remains
twisted and scarred. American military and Special
Operations veterans who had
been involved in the distribution
of such ammunition in Afghani-
stan and Iraq described a variety
of steps taken to contain the
spread of the most dangerous
doctored ammunition to civilians.
In the Pentagon’s programs,
they said, some rounds are
packed with relatively small
amounts of high explosives,
enough to jam a firearm perma-
nently. These are used in cases
involving ammunition that runs
the risk of reaching unintended
targets, as when an ammunition
crate including the doctored car-
tridges is shoved off a transport
truck to make it appear as if it
has been lost.
Other rounds carry a lethal
high-explosive charge. These are
used when the ammunition is ex-
pected to remain in narrow pos-
session, as when exploding car-
tridges are inserted into the mag-
azines of dead enemy fighters on
the assumption that their fellow
fighters will find those magazines
and use them later.
The legality of such tactics is
uncertain. The Pentagon declined
to comment on its doctored-am-
munition programs in Afghani-
stan and Iraq. “Unfortunately, we
won’t be able to provide any in-
formation to you about this,” Lt.
Col. James Gregory, a Pentagon
spokesman, wrote by e-mail.
The officials and veterans who
spoke about the tactic did so
anonymously because the prac-
tice remained classified.
It is not known whether the
Syrian government has distribut-
ed explosive rounds of varying
power. But analysts and fighters
alike agreed that as time passes,
such programs often become less
effective because insurgent
forces become wise to the decep-
tion. This appears to be happen-
ing in Syria.
At the time he was wounded,
Mr. Musa said, rigged cartridges
were not recognized by fighters.
Now rebels are familiar with the
markings on many doctored car-
tridges, he said, and are able cull
This was made evident by
rebel leaders in Kafr Takharim,in
the north. When asked about the
doctored ammunition, they pro-
vided a suspect 7.62x39-millime-
ter cartridge, the standard am-
munition for Kalashnikov assault
rifles. Its head stamp suggested
original manufacture in 2006.
The cartridge’s provenance
was not clear. Arms analysts who
reviewed a photograph for The
Times said the stamp was not
commonly seen on ammunition
circulating through conflicts. One
said it appeared to be Iranian.
Another, Nic R. Jenzen-Jones of
Australia, said it was probably
The propellant inside the car-
tridge had been replaced by a
cinnamon-colored substitute with
white granules. Bob Gravett, a
private explosive-ordnance dis-
posal consultant who has docu-
mented exploding cartridges in
previous wars, said the powder
resembled granular TNT, per-
haps spiked with sugar to in-
crease its flammability.
Rebel commanders said that
Syrian Army officers who had de-
fected and informants inside the
government had told the rebels
that Syria’s military was manu-
facturing the rigged cartridges
and had begun distributing them
about nine months ago.
“They have people who spe-
cialize in such things,” said Abu
Azab, who commands a fighting
group in the mountains. Fighters also said that black
markets had been salted with
rocket-propelled grenades that
were duds, that had the propel-
lant in their booster motors re-
moved and replaced with an inert
substance, or that had exploded
when launched.
Moreover, they said some mor-
tar rounds killed mortar crews in
a violent roar and flash when
dropped into the tube — another
possible form of booby trap.
That tactic has been a staple of
American efforts to kill or dis-
suade insurgent mortar teams in
Afghanistan and Iraq, said three
American veterans with experi-
ence with such rounds, and it
helped stop incoming fire on
American outposts. Abu Azab, the commander in
Jebel al-Zawiya, suggested that
the Syrian government’s booby-
trapped ordnance program, while
it might evolve, was less effective
than it had been. “We stopped buying that stuff
from the markets, and we get
what we need now by capturing
it,” he said, but added, “We do
still have some ammunition that
we bought a long time ago.”
Syrian Government Booby-Traps Ammunition to Turn Rebels’ Guns Against Them
From Page A1
A booby-trapped round mangled the right hand of Muhammad
Saleh Hajji Musa, a Syrian rebel, when it exploded in his rifle.
A way to undermine
the insurgents’
confidence in their
own arsenal.
months ago.
The attack struck a heavy blow
to a security service that had as-
serted Lebanon’s fragile sover-
eignty by claiming to catch Syria
red-handed in a plan to destabil-
ize its neighbor, which Syria has
long dominated. It threatened to
inflame sectarian tensions by
eliminating General Hassan, a
Sunni Muslim known for his close
ties to fellow Sunni politicians
who support the Syrian uprising
against President Bashar al-As-
sad. General Hassan was viewed
by Syrian opposition activists as
an ally and protector. Imad Salamey, a political sci-
ence professor at Lebanese
American University, blamed Mr.
Assad’s government and said
that the attack seemed intended
to show that Syria has the ability
to destabilize Lebanon and
threaten to embroil the region in
The Syrian government issued
a statement condemning the
bombing, quoting the information
minister, Omran al-Zoubi, as say-
ing, “These sort of terrorist, cow-
ardly attacks are unjustifiable
wherever they occur.”
The attack harked back to the
assassination of former Prime
Minister Rafik Hariri, a longtime
foe of Mr. Assad’s, in a car bomb-
ing in 2005. Syria was widely
blamed, and protests in the af-
termath of that killing forced Syr-
ia to withdraw its troops from
Lebanon, a major blow to its re-
gional influence. But a series of
bombings targeting politicians,
journalists and security officials
followed, shaking Lebanon and
sending the message that Syria’s
power still reached deep into its
The size and location of the
bomb on Friday awakened a gen-
eral feeling of dread that the Syri-
an conflict, which has already de-
pressed Lebanon’s economy and
sent thousands of Syrian refu-
gees into the country, was com-
ing home to Lebanese civilians,
and could set off tit-for-tat kill-
ings and reprisals that could spi-
ral out of control. The blast seemed to accelerate
a pattern already established, as
the Syrian civil war increasingly
draws in the region, crossing the
borders of its many neighbors.
Recently, a mortar blast from
Syria killed civilians in southern
Turkey, prompting the Turkish
military to respond with artillery
strikes into Syria for several
days. Jordan has struggled to ab-
sorb as many as 180,000 refugees. Shells have exploded in the dis-
puted Golan Heights region occu-
pied by Israel. Iran has been ac-
cused of sending weapons and
advisers into Syria to help Mr.
Assad. Hezbollah fighters from
Lebanon have been killed in Syr-
ia and sent home for burial. Saudi
Arabia and Turkey have provided
weapons and cash to the rebels
trying to oust Mr. Assad, and
rebels have taken control of bor-
der crossings between Syria and
In Beirut, there were efforts to
tamp down animosities, and keep
the peace. Not far behind the am-
bulances, politicians arrived at
the scene of the blast. They urged
Lebanese citizens to resist being
drawn into the conflict — but also
pointed fingers at Syria and its
Lebanese allies in sharp lan-
guage that seemed as likely to in-
duce anger as to warn against it.
“For the first time, we feel that
it is the regular Lebanese citizen
who is being targeted in this ex-
plosion and, maybe, this is the be-
ginning of what Syrian authori-
ties have promised us in the
past,” said Nadim Gemayel, a
member of Parliament from the
Christian Phalange movement
that is part of Lebanon’s opposi-
tion March 14 bloc. “The Syrian
regime had talked about burning
everything in their path.”
As news spread of the bomb-
ing, the streets of Beirut’s largely
Christian Ashrafiyeh district
were initially calm. People
walked dogs and escorted chil-
dren home from school. But they
also gathered in small groups
warily discussing the bombing
and clutched cellphones to share
news. Outside a damaged gro-
cery stood Sandra Abrass, a film-
maker and former Red Cross
worker, frustrated that she was
not allowed to help on the scene
because her skimpy yellow flats
were no protection against bro-
ken glass, and said she was in
pain first for the wounded and
then for Lebanon.
“You don’t feel safe any more,”
she said. After growing up during
the 1975-1991 civil war, she said,
she was no longer used to the
idea that bombs could go off at
any moment, and feared that
there would be more bombings
and reprisals. “They cannot let us live happi-
ly,” she said.
General Hassan came to prom-
inence as a security chief for the
assassinated former prime min-
ister, Mr. Hariri. Early on, he was
a suspect in that killing, but later
helped build a circumstantial
case, based on phone records,
that a team from Hezbollah, the
militant Lebanese Shiite organ-
ization aligned with Syria, had
coordinated the Hariri attack and
was at the scene of the murder.
Hezbollah, which has since be-
come an important member of
Lebanon’s government, claims
the records were fabricated.
Another security official, Wis-
sam al-Eid, who helped compile
the phone records, was killed in a
car bombing in 2008, part of a se-
ries of assassinations of political
figures, journalists and investiga-
More recently, in August, Gen-
eral Hassan shocked Lebanon by
arresting a prominent pro-Syrian
politician, Michel Samaha, on
charges of importing explosives
in a bid to set off bombs and
wreak sectarian havoc as part of
a Syrian-led plot. It was a sur-
prising move in a country where
state institutions have rarely had
the power to take on political fig-
ures, especially those backed by
foreign powers or Lebanese mili-
In a brief interview on Friday,
the chief of the Internal Security
Forces, Maj. Gen. Ashraf Rifi,
said, “Wissam al-Hassan was tar-
geted because of Samaha’s case.” The Internal Security Forces
have often been seen as allied
with Sunni anti-Syrian factions.
But Mr. Salem of Carnegie said
that General Hassan did not pur-
sue only his friends’ political ene-
mies; he was also credited with
disrupting numerous networks of
Israeli spies. Mr. Salem said that General
Hassan and his investigators
were “one of the bright spots that
saw the Syrian influence appar-
ently ebb,” demonstrating that
“the Lebanese state was begin-
ning to develop capacities, they
could arrest Samaha, they were
doing things that a sovereign
state does.” While some anti-Syrian poli-
ticians suggested that the bomb-
ing was intended to distract from
allegations that Hezbollah is
fighting on the Syrian govern-
ment’s side, they stopped short of
accusing the party of involve-
ment in the bombing. Several an-
alysts said Hezbollah was un-
likely to carry out such an attack,
which would threaten its political
standing inside Lebanon. In the bombed neighborhood in
Ashrafiyeh district on Friday,
Civil Defense officers picked
pieces of flesh off a security fence
and put them into plastic super-
market bags. In an upstairs apartment near-
by, Lily Nameh, 73, said she had
been taking a nap with her hus-
band, Ghaleb. “I thought it was
an earthquake,” she said. “Sud-
denly everything was falling on
us.” Her husband said, “It felt like
a plane landed on the building.” On Friday nights, areas of cen-
tral Beirut are usually crowded
with cars and pedestrians head-
ing out to party. But after the
bombing, the usual Friday night
traffic jams never materialized,
and watering holes that usually
send excess crowds onto the side-
walks in neighborhoods known
for night life sat quiet and forlorn.
Beirut Blast
Is Viewed
As Extension
Of Syria War
From Page A1
Reporting was contributed by
Hwaida Saad, Hania Mourtada
and Josh Wood from Beirut, and
Christine Hauser and Rick Glad-
A rescue worker with an injured boy at the scene of a bombing in Beirut, Lebanon, on Friday. At
left, apartment buildings after the explosion, which killed at least eight people and wounded 80.
Events that recalled
more violent times in
a still-recovering
capital city.
guage of Pakistan. He said that
one question she asked her doc-
tors after recovering conscious-
ness on Tuesday was what coun-
try she was in.
Dr. Rosser said the hospital
would try to link her by telephone
with her father, so she could hear
his voice. He has remained in Pa-
LONDON — The Pakistani
schoolgirl who was shot in the
head by a Taliban gunman in Pa-
kistan is out of a medically in-
duced coma and has recovered
enough to stand with assistance
and communicate by writing, a
doctor at the British hospital
where she is being treated said
A hospital bulletin issued a few
hours later, apparently aimed at
discouraging premature opti-
mism in a case that has drawn a
wave of sympathy around the
world, said that the girl, Malala
Yousafzai, 15, was “still very ill,”
and that a full evaluation of her
brain injury had not been pos-
sible because her brain was still
swollen. The statement added: “This is
still a fluid situation, and she sus-
tained very grave injury. She’s
not out of the woods yet, but we
are hopeful she will make a good
In an earlier statement to re-
porters, Dr. David Rosser, med-
ical director of the Queen Eliza-
beth Hospital in Birmingham,
said that Ms. Yousafzai had the
“potential” for a full recovery.
But he said the “key source of
concern” for the medical team
looking after her was an infection
in the path traveled by the bullet.
Dr. Rosser said the medical
team’s assessment was that
there was “some damage to the
brain” but “no deficit in terms of
function,” and that there was “no
good reason to think that she
wouldn’t be able to talk” once a
tube was removed from her
throat. “She seems able to under-
stand. She’s got motor control.
She’s able to write,” Dr. Rosser
said, adding that Ms. Yousafzai
had been able to give doctors
written approval to make details
of her condition public. “Whether
there’s any subtle intellectual or
memory deficits down the line is
too early to say,” he said.
Had the bullet that hit her been
“a couple of inches more central,”
he said, her injury would have
been “unsurvivable.”
Although Ms. Yousafzai can
speak English, Dr. Rosser said,
she was writing her responses to
doctors in Urdu, the principal lan-
kistan awaiting a valid passport.
The hospital bulletin said the
girl had been shot “at point-blank
range” on the upper left side of
her head, with the bullet trav-
eling under her skin without pen-
etrating the skull as it coursed
the length of her head, through
her neck and into her left shoul-
der. The shock wave from the bul-
let “shattered the thinnest bone
of the skull,” it said, “and frag-
ments were driven into the
She is not expected to undergo
reconstructive surgery for
“weeks to months down the line,”
the bulletin said.
Ms. Yousafzai was shot while
riding a school bus on Oct. 9 in
the Swat Valley. She had become
a symbol of resistance against
the Taliban, advocating access to
education for girls in an area that
has been one of the Taliban’s
main strongholds in Pakistan. The Taliban have vowed to
continue to try to kill Ms. Yousaf-
zai, who was flown to the hospital
in central England aboard an air
ambulance after officials in Paki-
stan chose Britain’s offer of spe-
cialized care over an array of of-
fers from other countries, includ-
ing the United States. The British
police said Tuesday that they had
questioned and turned away two
people who tried to visit Ms. You-
safzai by claiming falsely that
they were members of her family,
but had concluded that there was
no threat to the schoolgirl.
In Pakistan, security forces
have detained relatives of a man
accused of attacking Ms. Yousaf-
zai, neighbors of the man’s family
said Thursday. The authorities in
the Swat Valley said they were
still searching for the man who
shot her and wounded two other
girls on the bus, as well as an ac-
complice. The man suspected of
being the gunman has been iden-
tified as a member of the Paki-
stani Taliban named Attaullah.
Pakistani Schoolgirl Shot by Taliban Shows Signs of Recovery, but Is ‘Still Very Ill’ QUEEN ELIZABETH HOSPITAL BIRMINGHAM, VIA REUTERS
Doctors at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, Eng-
land, said Malala Yousafzai was able to stand with assistance.
Malala Yousafzai is
out of an induced
coma, but she’s ‘not
out of the woods yet.’ John F. Burns reported from Lon-
don, and Christine Hauser from
New York. Declan Walsh contrib-
uted reporting from Islamabad,
Pakistan, and Alan Cowell from
RAWALPINDI, Pakistan —
The smartly dressed Internet en-
trepreneur basked in the sun out-
side a McDonald’s, down the
road from Pakistan’s military
headquarters, considering the fu-
ror over Malala Yousafzai, the
schoolgirl who had taken on the
Taliban only to be shot in the
head. “We have mixed feelings about
Malala,” said the man, Raja
Imran, 30, his eyes shaded by
sunglasses, fiddling with a pack
of Marlboros. “Was it the Ameri-
cans who shot her or was it Al
Qaeda? We don’t know. Some
people think this is all an Ameri-
can publicity stunt to make their
point against the Taliban.”
And what did he himself think?
Mr. Imran shrugged.
Several young customers at
the restaurant were similarly am-
bivalent. Others asked: What
about the other two girls wound-
ed in the shooting? “And what
about Aafia Siddiqui?” asked one
young woman, referring to the
Pakistani woman convicted on
charges of trying to kill American
soldiers and F.B.I. agents by a
New York court in 2010 and sen-
tenced to 86 years in prison.
“Nobody mentions her,” said
the woman, who gave her name
as Maria, with a pointed glance
before darting away.
Such conspiracy-laden skepti-
cism about Ms. Yousafzai, who
was shot by a Taliban gunman in-
side her school bus, is only one
strand of public opinion here;
others have expressed unquali-
fied anger at the attack.
But it does suggest something
dispiriting: that Pakistan’s
“Malala moment,” and the possi-
bilities it briefly excited, has
In the immediate aftermath of
the Oct.9 assault, some Paki-
stanis hoped it could set off a sea
change in their society. For years,
the country’s ability to resist Tali-
ban militancy has been ham-
strung by a broad ambiguity that
undermined a national consensus
against Islamist violence. Religious groups hesitated to
challenge the Taliban for reli-
gious reasons. Politicians feared
speaking out on safety grounds.
And the military, which has a his-
tory of nurturing Islamists to
fight its proxy wars in India or
Afghanistan, equivocated by tac-
itly supporting selected militant
outfits, known among militancy
experts as the “good Taliban.”
But after Ms. Yousafzai was
shot, heart-rending images of the
wounded child bounced against
coldblooded Taliban statements
that the militants would shoot her
again, if they had a chance. The
country suddenly spoke with a
unified, furious voice. Politicians and religious lead-
ers condemned the Taliban with
unusual passion. The army chief,
Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, vis-
ited Ms. Yousafzai’s bedside and
released a rare public statement
that the military would “refuse to
bow before terror.”
Writers compared the teenage
blogger to Anne Frank. Con-
servative politicians came under
harsh scrutiny.
Just two days before the at-
tack, Imran Khan, the former
cricket star whose political star
has soared in the past year, had
led a honking motorcade of sup-
porters to the edge of the tribal
belt, where they mounted a pro-
test against C.I.A.-directed drone
strikes in the nearby mountains.
They received largely favorable
news media coverage.
But after the shooting, Mr.
Khan came in for sharp criticism,
partly because he favors negoti-
ating with the Taliban instead of
fighting them, and partly because
he refused to condemn the mili-
tants in a television interview, cit-
ing safety concerns for his follow-
ers in the tribal belt. “If today I
start shouting slogans here
against Taliban, who will save
them?” Mr. Khan asked.
Commentators said the epi-
sode hurt Mr. Khan’s credibility.
“There had been latent fears
about his Taliban policies,” said
Fahd Hussain, a television pre-
senter. “This thing suddenly re-
minded people that he is not real-
ly clear on this subject.” Mr. Khan, for his part, is stick-
ing to his guns. “Our liberals sup-
port military solution despite
them being counterproductive,”
he wrote in an e-mail. “Each mili-
tary operation leads to more mili-
tancy and fanaticism.”
A military operation, however,
is exactly what was being specu-
lated about early this week, when
the country’s top generals held a
secretive two-day meeting that
stoked speculation they were
planning a long-anticipated as-
sault on the Taliban stronghold of
North Waziristan — a major de-
mand of the Obama administra-
By then, however, the backlash
against Ms. Yousafzai had al-
ready started in earnest. The reli-
gious right attacked the wounded
schoolgirl, circulating images on
the Internet that showed her
meeting senior American offi-
cials and implying that she was
an American agent.
Other politicians showed little
conviction.With the exception of
the Karachi-based Muttahida
Qaumi Movement, no party or-
ganized mass street rallies
against the Taliban — a stark
contrast with the violent riots
that seized the country weeks
earlier in reaction to an Ameri-
can-made video insulting the
Prophet Muhammad.
In Parliament on Wednesday, a
government motion in favor of a
“military operation” against the
Taliban was blocked by the oppo-
sition. Most commentators now
say a military drive into North
Waziristan is unlikely anytime
Whatever window had been
opened — for military action, or a
new unity against the Taliban —
now appears to have closed. “It
was a golden moment,” said Mr.
Hussain, the journalist. “But
that’s what it was — a moment.”
Others doubted the moment
ever existed. “Remember that we
are a confused and psychological-
ly divided society,” said Ayaz
Amir, an outspoken opposition
politician. “So it is too much to
hope that our national thinking
could turn in the other direction
so quickly.”
In some senses, the clearest
policy comes from the Taliban.
This week the militants published
a seven-page justification for
their violence against Ms. You-
safzai — “Malala used to speak
openly against Islamic system
and give interviews in favor of
Western education, while wear-
ing a lot of makeup,” it read —
and threatened to kill journalists
who criticized its tactics.
Others, however, see a silver
lining: that Pakistanis have
drawn one major red line when it
comes to Taliban aggression.
“You can be a devout Muslim,
hate America and be more upset
than Imran Khan about drones,”
said Nusrat Javed, a television
commentator. “But if you have
daughters who want to go to
school, there is universal con-
demnation of something like
The whole episode shows that
Pakistanis have an urgent need
to “be clear” about the Taliban,
said Mr. Amir, the politician.
“There needs to be an intellectual
consensus that we have gone far
enough,” he said. “We must draw
a line.”
‘Malala Moment’ May Have Passed in Pakistan,as Rage Over a Shooting Ebbs
For some, skepticism
and conspiracy
theories supplant
PARIS — Hours after Twitter
blocked access to the account of
an outlawed neo-Nazi group by
users in Germany, the social net-
working site agreed to remove
anti-Semitic posts that were pro-
liferating in France under the
hashtag #unbonjuif, or “a good
Jew,” a French Jewish group an-
nounced on Friday.
The agreement was announced
by lawyers for the Union of Jew-
ish Students of France, who had a
conference call with Twitter rep-
resentatives in California on
Thursday evening. The posts had
produced increasing criticism
and outrage over the last week
from the Representative Council
of Jewish Institutions in France
and from SOS Racisme, a lobby-
ing group that denounced a
“wave of feverish hatred.” Some
of the posts had been removed as
of Friday evening. The anti-Semitic posts some-
times included photos from the
Holocaust and a variety of jokes.
There were also anti-Muslim
posts. The student union had
threatened to get an injunction
under French law, which prohib-
its discrimination based on reli-
gion, ethnicity or race, one of its
lawyers, Stéphane Lilti, told
French news agencies.
Several Twitter users posting
under the hashtag criticized the
decision to delete the anti-Se-
mitic posts, calling it censorship.
A user calling himself Andre
said: “Better to educate than cen-
sure. Shame on you Twitter.” An-
other, Craig McLeod, asked,
“Who decides what is anti-Se-
mitic and abusive?” Asked for comment, Twitter re-
peated its standard policy state-
ment: “Twitter does not mediate
content. If we are alerted to con-
tent that may be in violation of
our terms of service, we will in-
vestigate each report and re-
spond according to the policies
and procedures outlined in our
support pages.”
No one at Twitter would talk on
the record about the French
posts, but it has its own criteria
for regulating content and will
sometimes suspend an individual
account or withhold individual
In Germany on Thursday, Twit-
ter applied for the first time a pol-
icy known as “country-withheld
content,” which allows it to block
an account at the request of state
authorities. The neo-Nazi group
had been banned by the govern-
ment of Lower Saxony. In the French case, the student
union said it was providing Twit-
ter with a longer list of what it
considered particularly offensive
posts using the same hashtag.
Jewish groups in France have
cited an increasing number of
anti-Semitic episodes since a
French Muslim, Mohammed
Merah, who claimed to be allied
with Al Qaeda, murdered seven
people, including four Jews, in
Toulouse in March before being
killed in a shootout with the po-
lice. “We salute the decision of Twit-
ter to respond to our request and
promptly remove racist and anti-
Semitic tweets,” said the presi-
dent of the student union, Jona-
than Hayoun. He said the union
still intended to file a complaint
against the company, which has
refused to identify the people be-
hind the posts. Two other cases involving
Twitter created news this week.
On Friday in Britain, the police
were investigating remarks that
appeared on the Twitter account
of a right-wing political leader
about a case of discrimination
against a gay couple who were
refused accommodation by the
owners of a lodging house.
British news reports said the
account — @nickgriffinmep —
had been suspended after it was
used to publish the couple’s ad-
dress and call for a demonstra-
tion there. It later appeared to
have been reactivated without
the couple’s address.
The account belongs to Nick
Griffin, the British National Party
chairman and a member of the
European Parliament. The party
is a small, xenophobic group that
has made electoral gains in re-
cent years, culminating in Mr.
Griffin’s election to the European
Parliament in 2009. The party
campaigned on a platform op-
posed to what Mr. Griffin calls
the “creeping Islamification” of
Britain, supporting the voluntary
repatriation of immigrants, and
calling for Britain to quit the Eu-
ropean Union and NATO.
Mr. Griffin reacted angrily to
the lodging house case, telling
the BBC that discrimination was
“a fundamental human right”
and that the owners of the lodg-
ing house had the right to decide
who could enter their home.
And at a hearing in Istanbul on
Thursday, a Turkish pianist and
composer, Fazil Say, 42, denied
charges of insulting religion after
he cited a thousand-year-old
poem on his Twitter account. The
case was adjourned for four
In April, Mr. Say reposted a
verse in which Omar Khayyám,
an 11th-century Persian poet,
mocked pious hypocrisy. His case
is an indication, critics say, of an
increasing distortion of justice by
a more conservative interpreta-
tion of Islam promoted by Prime
Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Twitter has said that its goal is
to balance freedom of expression
with compliance with local laws. Twitter Removes French Anti-Semitic Posts
A move comes after
the account of a
neo-Nazi group is
blocked in Germany.
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
WASHINGTON — A group of
former national security officials
from both Republican and Demo-
cratic administrations is leaving
for Japan and China on Saturday
to try to defuse the mounting ten-
sions over a chain of uninhabited
islands in a potentially energy-
rich area of the East China Sea.
The visit, backed by Secretary
of State Hillary Rodham Clinton,
follows a naval exercise by China
on Friday to support its territori-
al claims and talk by a prominent
candidate for prime minister in
Japan about stationing personnel
on the islands to improve securi-
“As each side tries to assert its
position, there is a risk of an inad-
vertent escalation of tensions and
even confrontation,” said James
B. Steinberg, who served as the
deputy secretary of state in the
Obama administration and is one
of those on the trip. “The ques-
tion is, how we get back to the rel-
ative stability in which the is-
lands were in dispute but people
were not trying to change facts
on the ground.”
Other members of the group
include Richard L. Armitage, who
served as deputy secretary of
state under President George W.
Bush; Stephen J. Hadley, Mr.
Bush’s national security adviser;
and Joseph S. Nye Jr., a former
Pentagon and intelligence official
in the Clinton administration.
The group is scheduled to meet
with Japan’s prime minister, Yo-
shihiko Noda, on Monday and to
visit with the Chinese leadership
on Tuesday. China has not in-
formed the group with whom
they will be meeting.
The trip was arranged after
Mr. Steinberg and other mem-
bers of the group discussed what
might be done to tamp down the
tensions over the islands, which
are called Diaoyu in Chinese and
Senkaku in Japanese. After the idea of a visit was
pitched to State Department
aides, Mrs. Clinton endorsed it,
giving it a quasi-official status.
A member of the group said
there was no plan to present a
specific proposal to the Chinese
and Japanese, but that the mem-
bers were prepared to discuss
different approaches.
Mrs. Clinton took up the issue
with Chinese officials in Beijing
and with Mr. Noda in September
at an Asian summit meeting in
Vladivostok, Russia, but made no
apparent progress. The United States is in the
awkward position of maintaining
that it has no position on the dis-
pute while acknowledging that
the islands nonetheless fall under
a United States-Japan defense
Administration officials hope
the semiofficial nature of the trip
by the former officials might fa-
cilitate discussion. “A little bit of
‘hands off’ probably creates
space for everyone,” said a senior
Obama administration official,
who asked not to be identified be-
cause he was discussing delicate
diplomatic matters. American officials have ex-
pressed growing alarm about the
sparring over the islands, which
has arisen just as China and Ja-
pan are making difficult political
transitions. The Japanese gov-
ernment recently purchased the
islands from a private business-
man to prevent their falling into
the hands of the conservative
governor of Tokyo, who has
talked about developing the is-
lands, which would almost cer-
tainly escalate tensions with Chi-
na. But China was hardly placated,
denouncing Japan for stealing
the islands. “It is not clear to us that in the
current environment there are
solutions,” the Obama adminis-
tration official added. “In fact, we
think, what might make the most
sense is for both sides to back
down and export this into the fu-
ture and recognize that the hard-
est issues cannot be solved but
can only be managed.
“In the past when these issues
have flared it has been for a peri-
od of time, and then things return
to the status quo,” the official
said. “But this time, over the
course of the last several weeks,
both countries have shown little
sign of backing down and are in-
creasingly navigating each other
into a corner.”
In Asia Trip,
U.S. Group
Will Tackle
Islands Feud An effort to find, if
not a solution, a way
to decrease growing
TOKYO — The United States
military imposed a curfew on Fri-
day on all of its nearly 50,000 uni-
formed personnel stationed in Ja-
pan, as it tried to respond to pub-
lic outrage over reports of the
rape of a woman on Okinawa by
two American sailors.
The commander of United
States forces in Japan, Lt. Gen.
Salvatore A. Angelella, apolo-
gized for the case, saying that
American military personnel will
also be required to take “core val-
ues training.” Earlier Friday, the
United States ambassador to Ja-
pan, John V. Roos, told the Japa-
nese defense minister and the
governor of Okinawa that the
United States would cooperate
“in every way possible” with the
investigation of the two sailors,
who are in Japanese custody.
General Angelella told a news
conference at the United States
Embassy in Tokyo, “I want to
personally apologize for the grief
and trauma the victim has en-
dured and the anger it has
caused among people on Okina-
wa.” He said the curfew,from 11
p.m. to 5 a.m.,would take effect
immediately at bases in Okinawa
and the rest of Japan.
The Japanese police say the
two sailors in the latest case had
been out drinking when they at-
tacked the woman, who is in her
20s, as she walked home before
dawn on Tuesday. The sailors,
Seaman Christopher Browning
and Petty Officer Third Class
Skyler Dozierwalker,were ar-
rested soon after by Japanese po-
lice officers. The Navy has also
begun its own investigation.
The case, with its uncomfort-
able echoes of the 1995 gang rape
of a schoolgirl by three American
servicemen,struck a nerve in
Okinawa. The earlier crime
prompted huge demonstrations
that for a time seemed to threat-
en the entire American military
presence on the island.
The current case comes during
what is perhaps the largest wave
of anti-base sentiment on Okina-
wa since the 1995 rape. Last
month, as many as 100,000 dem-
onstrators gathered to protest
the deployment of the Marine
Corps Osprey aircraft, which
many Okinawans see as adding
to what they already consider an
unfairly heavy American pres-
ence. More than half of all American
military personnel in Japan are
on Okinawa, a legacy of the tropi-
cal island’s control by the United
States after World War II. Many Okinawans say Ameri-
can bases are a source of crimes
on their otherwise peaceful is-
land. Okinawan leaders have ex-
pressed outrage over the attack,
using it to renew calls to reduce
the American military presence.
In Tokyo on Friday, Lt. Gen. Salvatore A. Angelella listened as Ambassador John V. Roos pledged cooperation in a rape investigation involving American sailors. Curfew Is Imposed on U.S. Military in Japan Amid Rape Inquiries
within the committee to the post
of executive vice prime minister.
But the two chairmanships have
traditionally carried less admin-
istrative authority and actual
The leading candidate to be-
come executive vice prime min-
ister now appears to be Zhang
Gaoli, the party secretary of
Tianjin, a party insider said. He is
an economist by training but has
a reputation as a cautious official
more preoccupied with maintain-
ing political stability than with
undertaking economic policy ex-
periments. The actual transfer of the
prime ministership and vice
prime ministerships will not take
place until the National People’s
Congress next March. But the
succession will be determined by
the new membership and rank-
ing within the Politburo Standing
Party insiders and China ana-
lysts suggest that Mr. Wang was
edged aside in the brutal game of
one-upmanship and back-
scratching politics that takes
place behind closed doors in the
“The main concern is that if
Wang Qishan is vice prime min-
ister, then Li Keqiang could be in
his shadow in economic policy,”
said one insider who deals reg-
ularly with senior officials.
“Wang is older than Li, and has
more experience and standing,
and that makes their relationship
Willy Lam, a specialist in Chi-
nese politics at the Chinese Uni-
versity of Hong Kong, said that
personal animosity appears to
exist between the two men. “If
Wang Qishan becomes first vice
premier, that will set off a vicious
power struggle between Wang
Qishan and Li Keqiang,” he said.
Two Beijing insiders who know
Mr. Wang and Mr. Li said that the
two men were not openly hostile
to each other, but had radically
different personal styles. Mr.
Wang likes to take charge of is-
sues and spend a lot of time talk-
ing through policies with col-
leagues, while Mr. Li is more ce-
rebral and spends more time
reading reports, they said.
One of them said that there had
been a push in late summer by
some party elders for Mr. Wang
to be named prime minister in-
stead of Mr. Li. But that push ap-
pears not only to have fallen
short but possibly backfired by
hurting relations between them,
the insider said.
Cheng Li, the research director
at the John L. Thornton China
Center at the Brookings Institu-
tion, said that Mr. Wang “always
wants to do something and take
the initiative.”
But that is not necessarily an
unalloyed virtue in the consen-
sus-driven upper circles of the
party. Besides Mr. Wang and Mr.
Zhang, the other candidates that
political insiders and observers
in Beijing say are favorites for
Standing Committee posts are
Zhang Dejiang, a vice prime min-
ister and party chief of Chong-
qing; Li Yuanchao, the head of
the Organization Department;
and Liu Yunshan, director of the
Propaganda Department.
Two other contenders, Wang
Yang, party chief of Guangdong
Province, and Yu Zhengsheng,
party chief of Shanghai, have en-
countered growing opposition in
recent weeks. But any lineup cur-
rently in vogue could change be-
fore the Party Congress.
The two people who are virtu-
ally assured seats are Xi Jinping,
designated to be the next party
leader and the country’s presi-
dent, and Li Keqiang, heir to the
title of prime minister.
China Weighs Stewardship Of Its Economic Policy
From Page A4
Wang Qishan, with Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton at an economic conference in Bei-
jing in May, now appears unlikely to be given broad authority over China’s economic policy.
Edward Wong contributed report-
Articles in this series are examin-
ing the implications for China and
the rest of the world of the coming
changes in the leadership of the
Communist Party.
Changing of the Guard
Previous articles in
this series:
mounting criticism that he has
failed to stem the tide of labor un-
rest roiling South Africa, Presi-
dent Jacob Zuma announced Fri-
day nearly $100 billion in infra-
structure spending to create jobs,
hoping to quell broad frustrations
over rising inequality, persistent
poverty and low wages. Mr. Zuma, who is likely to face
an internal challenge to his lead-
ership of the governing African
National Congress at its confer-
ence in December, has begun to
act more forcefully in what ap-
pears to be an attempt to bolster
the country’s flagging growth
and to instill confidence in Afri-
ca’s biggest economy. On Wednesday, Mr. Zuma
spent five hours meeting with un-
ion and business leaders to try to
ease tensions that have led to a
wave of wildcat strikes in which
75,000 workers have walked off
the job. Speaking to journalists
after the meeting, Mr. Zuma
called upon business leaders to
make personal sacrifices by vol-
untarily foregoing raises and bo-
nuses for a year “as a strong sig-
nal of a commitment to build an
equitable economy.”
Then on Friday, speaking at a
conference focusing on infra-
structure, he laid out plans to
spend about $100 billion on roads,
bridges and ports in the next
three years, part of a $475 billion
plan to upgrade the country’s
creaky infrastructure over the
next decade and a half. He also took the opportunity to
plead with politicians and ana-
lysts to stop telling journalists
how bad South Africa’s current
situation is. “We urge those who have ac-
cess to the media from all sec-
tors, including opposition politi-
cians, to stop talking our country
and economy down,” Mr. Zuma
said. “We wish to encourage pub-
lic opinion makers to also reflect
the strides that have been made
in all 18 years.” Two credit rating agencies
have slashed South Africa’s debt
rating in the past month, and the
value of the country’s currency,
the rand, has slid sharply. Al-
ready hit by the slowdown in Eu-
rope, South Africa’s biggest trad-
ing partner, the country’s growth
prospects have dimmed further,
even as some other African coun-
tries are booming. The labor unrest has brought
to the surface problems that have
been bubbling for many years in
South Africa, whose peaceful
transition from white rule to non-
racial democracy in 1994 made it
a powerful symbol of nonviolent
conflict resolution. But inequality and joblessness
have increased since the end of
apartheid while politicians and
businessmen have grown wealth-
ier, leaving many South Africans
feeling betrayed. Mr. Zuma has faced sharp crit-
icism for his handling of the labor
crisis from the moment the police
opened fire on striking miners in
Marikana on Aug. 16, killing 34.
Mr. Zuma was at a regional con-
ference in Mozambique and did
not return until the next day to
visit the site of the shootings,
which were the worst police vio-
lence since the end of apartheid. Mr. Zuma is seeking a second
term as president of the A.N.C.
and the country, but his deputy,
Kgalema Motlanthe, has hinted
that he might challenge Mr.
President Jacob Zuma, left, met on Wednesday with business
leaders like Jabu Mabuza, right, in a bid to ease labor tensions.
South Africa to Spend $100 Billion for Jobs Addressing labor
unrest, low wages and
persistent poverty.
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
Yemen: Militants Attack Military Base
At least 14 soldiers and 12 operatives of Al Qaeda
were killed Friday when suicide bombers attacked a
military base in south Yemen, military officials and
local residents said. Five suicide bombers infiltrated
the base about five miles east of Shuqrah in the
southern province of Abyan, military officials said.
Two of the bombers blew themselves up,and the
three others were killed in clashes with members of
the 115th Brigade. At least three military officers
were among the dead. The bodies of seven more at-
tackers were found around the base, local residents
said. The Defense Ministry confirmed the attack but
did not specify the number of casualties. NASSER ARRABYEE
Turkey and Germany Urge Syrian Truce
Turkey and Germany on Friday
joined the secretaries general of
the United Nations and the Arab
League to support an internation-
al peace envoy’s call for a cease-
fire in Syria during a three-day Is-
lamic holiday next week. The ap-
peals came as the international
envoy to Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi,
left, prepared for meetings in the
Syrian capital to press for the cease-fire during the
Id al-Adha holiday, which starts Thursday. In Syria,
rebels said Friday that government forces had car-
ried out more airstrikes against insurgents seeking
to encircle a military base at Wadi Deif in Idlib Prov-
ince. New airstrikes were also reported on the rebel-
held town of Maarat al-Noaman in northern Syria,
which was pounded Thursday by government at-
tacks that claimed scores of lives, according to re-
ports from activists. HWAIDA SAAD
France: Authorities Stopped Tracking
Toulouse Gunman Before His Attacks
The French police and domestic intelligence serv-
ices stopped regular monitoring of a Toulouse man
who killed several people four months later in the
city, according to documents leaked to the newspa-
per Le Monde. The killer, Mohammed Merah, shot
seven people, including four Jews, in March before
being killed in a shootout with the police. French in-
telligence had stopped tracking him the previous
November, despite his visits to Pakistan and Af-
ghanistan, close links to jihadists,and financing
from abroad, the documents suggest. The police
even knew that he was composing songs about kill-
ing “Western infidels,” and one officer reported that
Mr. Merah had stayed close to home and was acting
suspiciously, with no Internet service at home, no
fixed cellphone and a penchant for public phone
booths. Before he died, Mr. Merah said he had been
recruited by Al Qaeda. STEVENERLANGER
Germany: 10 Somali Pirates Convicted
A court convicted 10 Somali men of piracy on Friday
in what was said to be the first trial of pirates in Ger-
many in centuries. Judges in the northern city of
Hamburg gave the men sentences ranging from two
to seven years in prison for the April 2010 hijacking
of a German-flagged container ship, the Taipan, and
for trying to hold the vessel’s crew for ransom.
Hours after the men seized the Taipan, Dutch forces
retook the ship and captured the pirates, who were
extradited to Germany. Pirate attacks off the Horn of
Africa have declined this year in the face of ag-
gressive patrols by international forces. CHRIS COTTRELL ASIA
North Korea: Threats Over Propaganda
North Korea threatened on Friday to attack South
Korea if activists proceeded with a plan to send leaf-
lets across the border criticizing the North’s govern-
ment. South Korea’s military said it would immedi-
ately strike back if the North did so. An umbrella
group of anti-North Korean groups, led mostly by
defectors from the North, says it plans to release
balloons carrying propaganda leaflets on Monday in
Imjingak, near the border with North Korea. Activ-
ists have conducted similar balloon launchings be-
fore. The North’s official Korean Central News
Agency said, “The leaflets are a most undisguised
act of psychological warfare, a violation of the armi-
stice and an intolerable act of war.” It urged South
Koreans to leave the targeted area. South Korea’s
defense minister noted that North Korea had issued
similar threats before about leaflets from the South
without acting on them. CHOE SANG-HUN
Myanmar: Another Sign of Change
Myanmar’s military, long criticized for human rights
abuses, may be invited to be an observer next year
at an annual joint military exercise involving the
United States and Thailand, officials in Washington
and Bangkok said Friday. For years, Myanmar has
been frozen out of many international activities be-
cause of Washington’s disapproval of the former re-
pressive military government. But with an elected
government undertaking some political changes,
Myanmar’s relationships with its neighbors and the
West have improved. The joint exercise, based in
Thailand and known as Cobra Gold, is the biggest
and longest-standing American military exercise in
the Asia-Pacific region. A final decision on the mat-
ter has not been reached, the Pentagon press secre-
tary, George Little, said Friday, adding that Thailand
sends out the invitations in consultation with the
United States. (AP)
Sanctions Planned for Congo Rebels
The United Nations Security Council said Friday
that it intended to impose sanctions on the leaders of
the M23 rebel movement in the east of the Demo-
cratic Republic of Congo and on others who are
breaking the arms embargo in Congo. The M23
rebels have a stronghold on the border with Uganda
and Rwanda, which has fueled accusations that
Uganda and Rwanda are backing the rebellion as
arms are easily smuggled into their territory. On
Tuesday, a leaked report by a United Nations panel
of experts accused both Uganda and Rwanda of sup-
porting the rebellion, which both countries deny. (AP)
World Briefing By SCOTT SHANE
with the wire-rim glasses and
bushy beard, speaking calmly in
American-accented English, is fa-
miliar from dozens of Web videos
urging violent jihad against the
United States.
But in one astonishing clip, re-
corded more than a year before
the man, Anwar al-Awlaki, was
killed by a C.I.A. drone strike in
Yemen, the American-born cleric
had a very different mission: to
propose marriage to a third wife.
“This message is specifically
for Sister Aminah,” Mr. Awlaki
says in the video to his future
bride, a comely 32-year-old
blonde from Croatia who he
hoped would join him in his fu-
gitive existence. The woman had
expressed fervent admiration for
Mr. Awlaki on his Facebook page
and later made clear in her own
video reply that she shared his
radical views, saying, “I am
ready for dangerous things.”
Neither Mr. Awlaki nor his pro-
spective wife knew it, but their
match was being managed by a
Danish double agent as part of an
attempt to help the Danish intelli-
gence service and the C.I.A. find
the cleric’s hiding place in Yem-
en. The attempt failed, but the un-
dercover agent, Morten Storm,
36, a former motorcycle gang
member who had converted to Is-
lam, continued to communicate
with Mr. Awlaki. When Mr. Awla-
ki was killed in a drone strike on
Sept. 30, 2011, Mr. Stormwas cer-
tain his efforts had been instru-
mental in it. But eventually Mr. Storm’s re-
sentment at not getting what he
regarded as sufficient credit
boiled over. He phoned Jyllands-
Posten, the second-largest news-
paper in Denmark, and told the
bewildered receptionist that he
had helped track down one of the
world’s most wanted terrorist
leaders. The Danish newspaper
spent 120 hours interviewing Mr.
Storm and verifying his account.
Among the evidence that the
burly, red-haired Mr. Storm pro-
duced to confirm his wild tale, in
addition to the video of Mr. Awla-
ki and e-mail exchanges with
him, were postcards from intelli-
gence agents, an audiotape of a
C.I.A agent he knew as Michael
and a photograph of $250,000 in
$100 bills — money he says the
C.I.A. paid him for his role as
marriage broker. As part of that plan, the suit-
case carried to Yemen by the
bride, identified only as Aminah
in her video messages to Mr.
Awlaki, was secretly fitted with a
tracking device that the C.I.A.
hoped would reveal the cleric’s
location, Mr. Storm told the Dan-
ish reporters. But a wary associ-
ate of Mr. Awlaki’s had her dis-
card the suitcase when she ar-
rived in Sana, Yemen’s capital.
She traveled on to meet and mar-
ry Mr. Awlaki, but the C.I.A. plan
was thwarted.
Mr. Storm’s tale shows the
lengths to which American intel-
ligence officials went to hunt
down Mr. Awlaki, a leader of Al
Qaeda’s affiliate in Yemen who
some counterterrorism officials
believed posed a greater threat to
the United States than Osama bin
Laden did. Their method was a
variation on the traditional so-
called honey trap, in which spy
services use the lure of sex to en-
snare male targets. Mr. Awlaki
had been arrested during his
years as an imam in the United
States for hiring prostitutes; his
two Arab wives lived apart from
him in 2010, and he had asked Mr.
Storm to find him a European
woman willing to stay with him in
hiding. His eloquent calls for violence,
scattered across the Web, helped
radicalize dozens of young, Eng-
lish-speaking Muslims. He was
added to the Obama administra-
tion’s “kill list” after intelligence
officials concluded that he had
helped plan the failed bombing of
a Detroit-bound airliner on Dec.
25, 2009.
His influence has survived his
death. A 21-year-old Bangladeshi
man, charged Wednesday with
trying to blow up the Federal Re-
serve Bank of New York in a
sting operation by the F.B.I., told
an undercover agent that he had
formed his jihadist views listen-
ing to Mr. Awlaki’s sermons.
The killing of Mr. Awlaki, an
American citizen, without a trial
and based on secret intelligence,
set off a legal and ethical debate
in the United States. Now, in Den-
mark, the articles in Jyllands-
Posten have prompted some
Danes to ask whether their gov-
ernment was complicit in Mr.
Awlaki’s death and, if so, whether
that violated Danish law.
Mr. Storm, whose life has been
threatened since he went public,
is in hiding and could not be
reached for comment. The Dan-
ish intelligence service said in a
statement that it “cannot and will
not publicly confirm whether
specific individuals have been
used as sources.” A spokeswom-
an for the C.I.A. said the agency
had no comment.
In a conversation in October
2011 with Mr. Storm and a Danish
intelligence officer, which Mr.
Storm recorded on his cellphone
and which the Danish newspaper
posted online, the purported
C.I.A. officer known as Michael
praised Mr. Storm’s efforts and
even said that President Obama
had been briefed on his efforts
against Mr. Awlaki.
But he said “other projects” by
the agency had located Mr. Awla-
ki. “We were very, very close,”
Michael said on the tape, com-
paring their position to players in
a World Cup soccer champion-
ship who might have scored the
winning goal but did not. Mr.
Storm can be heard on the tape
protesting that the C.I.A. officer
was playing down his own role
and Denmark’s role.
Pierre Collignon, the editor in
chief of Jyllands-Posten, said in
an interview that the two report-
ers who met with Mr. Storm over
a period of months, Orla Borg
and Carsten Ellegaard, corrob-
orated much of what he said
about his dealings with Mr. Awla-
ki, the Danish intelligence serv-
ice and the C.I.A.
“We were very cautious,” Mr.
Collignon said. “We were afraid
he might still be a jihadist and
might be luring our reporters into
a trap, maybe to kidnap them. He
was a criminal before becoming a
devout Muslim, and it’s difficult
to trust him entirely. But we were
able to document his story.”
The newspaper has examined
paperwork showing regular pay-
ments to Mr. Storm from the
Danish intelligence service and
has confirmed that the snapshot
of $250,000 spilling from an at-
taché case — the purported C.I.A.
fee — was taken at his mother’s
house. Mr. Collignon said the
newspaper was planning to pub-
lish more articles based on Mr.
Storm’s account of his six years
of undercover work if it could
confirm the details.
But he said that Jyllands-Pos-
ten, which was the target of ter-
rorist threats after it published a
dozen cartoons of the Prophet
Muhammad in 2005, had decided
not to post another video that
showed Aminah removing her
head covering to prove that she
had blond hair, Mr. Collignon
said. He said it might be consid-
ered provocative and invade the
woman’s privacy.
Aminah is hiding with Qaeda
militants in Yemen and helping
produce Inspire magazine, a slick
English-language publication
that offers bomb-making advice
and taunts against the United
States. She last contacted Mr.
Storm a month ago, Mr. Collignon
said, and told him her dream was
to become a suicide bomber.
A Biker, a Blonde, a Jihadist and Piles of C.I.A. Cash: A Danish Double Agent’s Tale
A Dane says he arranged a marriage for the radical cleric
Anwar al-Awlaki as part of an effort to find him in Yemen.
A story shows the
lengths officials went
to hunt down an
American-born cleric.
Conservatives in the Commons,
had concluded that Mr. Mitchell’s
continued presence in the gov-
ernment was costing their party
heavily in public opinion. An-
other decisive factor was the de-
mand for Mr. Mitchell’s resigna-
tion from the federation that rep-
resents 125,000 police officers, al-
ready angered by the sharp cuts
in police jobs ordered by the
Cameron government.
For Mr. Cameron, the episode
seems likely to deepen a growing
mood of discontent among Con-
servative members of Parliament
who have questioned his leader-
ship in recent months. By JOHN F. BURNS
LONDON — Prime Minister
David Cameron, after a month of
bristling resistance that many
close associates saw as politically
unwise, switched course on Fri-
day and accepted the resignation
of a senior cabinet minister who
had admitted using abusive lan-
guage in a confrontation with po-
lice officers on duty at the prime
minister’s residence and office.
Andrew Mitchell, the 56-year-
old Conservative whose position
as chief whip made him responsi-
ble for maintaining party disci-
pline in the House of Commons,
had clung to office after the tab-
loid The Sun and other newspa-
pers had given headline promi-
nence to the incident, last month.
The reports said that Mr. Mitch-
ell, riding a bicycle, had de-
nounced police officers as
“plebs” for refusing to open the
security gates separating Down-
ing Street, the residence and of-
fice, from Whitehall, the avenue
that runs to Parliament, barely
500 yards away.
In his resignation letter, Mr.
Mitchell gave his own account of
what he had said to the police of-
ficers who demanded that he get
off the bicycle and leave the se-
cured Downing Street area
through a pedestrian exit. He de-
nied the official police account
that he had used the term plebs,
meaning people of a lower social
class, but admitted adding a com-
mon expletive in telling the police
officers, “I thought you guys
were supposed to be helping us.” In the letter, Mr. Mitchell add-
ed, “It was obviously wrong of
me to use such bad language.”
The incident was seized on by
the Labour Party as an example
of the “toff,” or upper-class, atti-
tudes of Mr. Cameron and many
of his senior ministers as they
push a stringent austerity pro-
gram that Labour says has hit
the working poor and the unem-
ployed disproportionately hard.
The Labour leader, Ed Miliband,
demanded as recently as
Wednesday that Mr. Mitchell re-
sign, but Mr. Cameron, in an
acerbic House of Commons ex-
change, said Mr. Mitchell’s apol-
ogy to the officers had put an end
to the episode.
By the time Mr. Mitchell met
Mr. Cameron at the prime min-
ister’s country residence, Che-
quers, on Thursday night, it was
clear that a majority of other
Conservative cabinet ministers,
and a powerful lobby of junior
Andrew Mitchell
British Premier, After Resistance, Accepts Cabinet Minister’s Resignation
President Obama was directed to the stage on Friday at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., where he spoke about women’s issues at a
campaign event. It was the president’s only scheduled appearance of the day before he headed to Camp David to prepare for the final debate.
The Gallup national tracking poll now
shows a very strong lead for Mitt Rom-
ney. As of Friday, he was ahead by six
points among likely voters, having led
by seven points on Thursday.
However, the poll’s results are deeply
inconsistent with the results that other
polling firms are showing in the presi-
dential race, and the Gallup poll has a
history of performing very poorly when
that is the case.
Other national polls now show a very
slight lead for President Obama on av-
erage, while state polls continue to indi-
cate a narrow advantage for the presi-
dent in tipping-point states like Ohio.
The FiveThirtyEight forecast has Mr.
Obama as a modest favorite in the elec-
tion largely on the basis of the state
The Gallup poll is accounted for in the
forecast model, along with all other
state and national surveys.
There are two major pieces of infor-
mation that we’re looking to extract
from each poll. One is simply the raw
number — who is ahead or behind? The
other is the trend it shows in the race —
which candidate is gaining or losing
Different types of polls are relatively
more or less useful for these purposes.
Because national tracking polls like Gal-
lup are published every day, they are
useful for the trend part of the calcula-
There are six national tracking polls
published most days. The others are
from Rasmussen Reports, Ipsos, the
RAND Corporation, Investors’ Business
Daily and United Press International.
(A seventh daily tracking poll, from
Public Policy Polling, made its debut on
But of the daily tracking polls, the
Gallup survey receives the largest
weight in the model’s trendline calcula-
tion. It uses a larger sample size than
most other polls, and its methodology
includes calls to cellphone voters.
On the other hand, our pollster rat-
ings are also based in part on past accu-
racy, and Gallup’s performance is mid-
dling in that department.
The Gallup poll seems to have an out-
size influence on the subjective percep-
tion of where the presidential race
stands, however — especially when the
poll seems to diverge from the consen-
This simply isn’t rational, in my view.
Usually, when a poll is an outlier rela-
tive to the consensus, its results turn
out badly.
You do not need to look any further
than Gallup’s track record over the past
few election cycles to see this.
In 2008, the Gallup poll put Mr. Oba-
ma 11 points ahead of John McCain on
the eve of that November’s election.
The average of the 15 or so national
polls released just before the election
put Mr. Obama up by about seven
The average did a good job; Mr. Oba-
ma won the popular vote by seven
points. The Gallup poll had a four-point
miss, however.
In 2010, Gallup put Republicans ahead
by 15 points on the national Congres-
sional ballot, higher than other polling
firms, which put Republicans an aver-
age of 8 or 9 points ahead. In fact, Re-
publicans won the popular vote for the
House of Representatives by about sev-
en percentage points — fairly close to
the average of polls, but representing
another big miss for Gallup.
The Gallup poll also has often found
implausibly large swings within a race.
In 2000, for example, Gallup had George
W. Bush 16 points ahead of Al Gore
among likely voters in polling it con-
ducted in early August. By Sept. 20,
about six weeks later, the firm had Mr.
Gore up by 10 points instead: a 26-point
swing over the course of a month and a
half. No other polling firm showed a
swing remotely that large.
Then in October 2000, Gallup showed
a 14-point swing toward Mr. Bush over a
few days, and had him ahead by 13
points on Oct. 27 — just 10 days before
an election that ended in a virtual tie.
After the Republican convention in
2008, Gallup had Mr. McCain leading
Mr. Obama by as many as 10 points
among likely voters. Although some
other polls also had Mr. McCain pulling
ahead in the race, no other polling firm
ever gave him more than a four-point
It’s not clear what causes such large
swings, although Gallup’s likely voter
model may have something to do with
Even their registered voter numbers
can be volatile, however. In early Sep-
tember of this year, after the Democrat-
ic conventions, they had Mr. Obama’s
lead among registered voters going
from seven points to zero points over
the course of a week — and then revert-
ing to six points just as quickly. Most
other polling firms showed a roughly
steady race during this time period.
Because Gallup’s polls usually take
large sample sizes, statistical variance
alone probably cannot account for these
sorts of shifts. It seems to be an endem-
ic issue with their methodology.
To be clear, I would not recommend
disregarding the Gallup poll. You should
consider it — but in context.
The context is that its most recent re-
sults differ substantially from the doz-
ens of other state and national polls
about the campaign. It’s much more
likely that Gallup is wrong and every-
one else is right than the other way
In National Polling, It’s Gallup vs. the Rest
Nate Silver’s blog on polling and the
November elections:
WASHINGTON — Senator John Ker-
ry headed to Camp David on Friday to
spend the weekend with President Oba-
ma. Senator Rob Portman has been on
and off Mitt Romney’s plane for weeks
and will spend the next few days with
him in Florida.
Each senator is playing the other par-
ty’s nominee in rehearsals for Monday’s
final debate, as Mr. Obama seeks to
keep his job and Mr. Romney tries to
take it away. Left unspoken is that both
Mr. Kerry and Mr. Portman may also be
unofficially auditioning for jobs of their
Mr. Kerry, a Democrat from Mas-
sachusetts and chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee, is one of
two leading candidates for secretary of
state if Mr. Obama wins, according to
White House officials. Mr. Portman, a
budget director under President George
W. Bush who now represents Ohio, is
seen by Republicans as a potential
treasury secretary in a Romney admin-
Never mind that the race for presi-
dent is hardly over. The race for choice
positions in the still-theoretical next ad-
ministration is on. With two and a half
weeks until the election, the subtle and
not-so-subtle positioning has intensified
into a multifront struggle for the fruits
of a victory not yet won, according to
three dozen Democratic and Republican
insiders who described the situation on
the condition that they not be named.
In keeping with Washington eti-
quette, the contenders publicly deny
any ambition for appointments and in-
sist their only focus is on winning the
election. But they are meeting friends in
the White House for coffee, volunteer-
ing for campaign work, raising their
profile through speeches and television
appearances, and dropping hints about
availability come November.
“People are jockeying like mad but
they have to be careful because to some
degree this administration has frowned
on explicit, overt jockeying,” said a for-
mer Obama administration official. Sim-
ilarly, word has gone out to donors from
Mr. Romney’s Boston headquarters not
to ask for jobs until after the election.
Most intense has been the struggle to
succeed Secretary of State Hillary Rod-
ham Clinton, who is stepping down. On
the Democratic side, Susan E. Rice, the
ambassador to the United Nations, was
the clear front-runner for months. After
the deadly attack on a Libya diplomatic
post, the White House sent her to the
Sunday television programs, raising her
prominence for a possible promotion.
But the move backfired when she de-
scribed the assault as an outgrowth of
protests only days before the govern-
ment shifted its explanation and called
it a terrorist attack.
Mr. Kerry signed letters to the admin-
istration requesting information about
the attack but issued a statement de-
fending Ms. Rice. It is a mark of Wash-
ington cynicism that even a statement
defending her was seen by some as an
effort by Mr. Kerry to undercut her by
keeping attention on the matter. The
Obama team has rallied behind Ms.
Rice, saying she reflected information
from intelligence agencies, but it recog-
nizes that she now could face a confir-
mation fight from Senate Republicans.
Mr. Kerry bolstered his standing with
a fiery convention speech for Mr. Oba-
ma and has had more face time with the
president during debate preparations in
Senator John Kerry, center, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Susan E. Rice, second from
right, ambassador to the United Nations, are top candidates to succeed Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. Jockeying Begins for Cabinet Positions
With the Election Just Weeks Away
Unofficially auditioning
for choice jobs in the
still-theoretical next
Continued on Page A15
quired to disclose their activities,
clients or issues, a freedom that
has allowed them to become even
more influential in recent years,
ethics experts say. (Coincidental-
ly, Ms. Dunn’s husband, Robert J.
Bauer, who was White House
counsel from late 2009 to 2011,
helped shape and put in place
some of the ethics measures.)
Like Ms. Dunn, some other top
Obama campaign advisers are
both insiders and outsiders.
Erik Smith, a senior media ad-
viser for the Obama campaign, is
the founder of a communications
and issue advocacy firm whose
current and former clients in-
clude Citigroup, Ford, Delta Air
Lines and Genentech.
Jim Margolis,another senior
campaign adviser on media strat-
egies, has an outside consulting
firm that promotes his work “at
the intersection of politics, ad-
vertising and advocacy.” And Broderick Johnson, a sen-
ior Obama aide, is a former lob-
byist who has a consulting shop
promising “a wealth of public and
private relationships” that corpo-
rate clients can use “to secure
useful intelligence.” He is taking
a leave from the consulting shop
while he is with the campaign. But it is Ms. Dunn, 54, a former
White House communications di-
rector, who has the highest pro-
file. Incisive and sharp-witted,
Ms. Dunn acts as a sounding
board for Mr. Obama and his
“Who is a smart, aggressive
woman who has been at the top
of strategic battles for president,
gubernatorial and Senate races?
Anita Dunn would be near the top
of the list,” said Joe Trippi,a long-
time Democratic consultant. After starting her career in
politics answering phones as an
unpaid White House intern in the
Carter administration, she ended
up on Capitol Hill, working for
Senator Bill Bradley before join-
ing the firm now called
SKDKnickerbocker in 1993. In the
years since, she has served as a
Democratic strategist and a com-
munications specialist for Sena-
tor Tom Daschle, Representative
Nancy Pelosi and other Demo-
crats in Congress. She was an adviser to Mr. Oba-
ma’s upstart presidential bid in
2007, and has been a central play-
er in defining his public image,
taking a leave of absence from
her firm in April 2009 to take over
as Mr. Obama’s communications
director. She left the White House in No-
vember 2009 to return to SKDK. She and her husband, who is
now the top legal adviser to Mr.
Obama’s campaign, form a Wash-
ington power couple who regular-
ly attend White House social
events. After leaving the admin-
istration, she continued to confer
with leading officials, according
to government records, including
Valerie Jarrett, a senior adviser;
Treasury Secretary Timothy F.
Geithner; Jay Carney, the press
secretary; Elizabeth Warren,
who was a special adviser on con-
sumer protection and is now a
Senate candidate in Massachu-
setts; and Christina D. Romer,
who was the chairwoman of the
Council of Economic Advisers. Ms. Dunn regularly attends
closed-door political strategy
briefings with top Obama aides;
White House records show she
has visited more than 100 times
since leaving her communica-
tions job. She is now serving as a
paid adviser to the Democratic
National Committee. Both the White House and the
campaign defended Ms. Dunn’s
involvement. Eric Schultz, a
White House spokesman, said
the administration “in all in-
stances” took steps to avoid any
conflicts of interest. Adam Fetch-
er, a campaign spokesman, said it
was “nonsense to think” that a
communications consultant like
Ms. Dunn should be precluded
from doing campaign work be-
cause she had outside clients. Her consulting firm has
thrived. SKDK focused for years
on media campaigns for Demo-
cratic candidates, but soon after
her return from the White House,
it announced a “major expan-
sion” emphasizing strategic com-
munications and advocacy work
for businesses. Nearly doubling in size to 60
employees, the firm hired a doz-
en Washington insiders tied to
the Obama administration or the
Democratic Party, including Ms.
Rosen, a former lobbyist; Jill
Zuckman, a senior Transporta-
tion Department official; and
Doug Thornell, a former senior
aide to House Democrats. And it
took on corporate clients includ-
ing General Electric, AT&T, Time
Warner, Pratt & Whitney, Kaplan
University and TransCanada,
which is developing the Keystone
The firm has also helped run
industry coalitions seeking to in-
fluence federal policy on partic-
ular issues, working with lobby-
ists and other media specialists
that represented companies like
Oracle, Google, Disney, Pepsi and
Microsoft. Josh Isay, a managing partner
at SKDK, attributed the firm’s
success in communicating chal-
lenging policy issues to a team
that has “decades of experience
working in the highest levels of
government, the news media,
corporate America, labor and po-
litical campaigns.”
Sometimes the firm has been
at odds with the Obama adminis-
tration, as when it worked with
food manufacturers and media
companies in an attempt to block
guidelines intended to curb food
commercials for unhealthy prod-
ucts like sugared cereals that are
aimed at children. The adminis-
tration ultimately dropped the
proposed limits, after the coali-
tion successfully pushed lawmak-
ers to oppose the plan.
Executives at SKDK said their
work did not extend beyond de-
vising ways to drive public opin-
ion in a way that benefits the
campaigns — by setting up Face-
book pages and Web sites and lin-
ing up favorable news media cov-
erage. While SKDK promotes Ms.
Dunn’s prominent role as an Oba-
ma adviser on its Web site, it said
it had never traded on its White
House access to help clients.
“Anita would not be welcome at
the White House as often as she
is if she was over there selling
them on issues,” said Ms. Rosen,
a frequent White House visitor
herself.She and others at SKDK
said the firm pointed out to cli-
ents that it did not lobby and not-
ed the prohibitions on Ms. Dunn
at the White House. A half-dozen clients and con-
sultants working with the firm,
who asked not to be named be-
cause the work for the corporate
clients was supposed to be confi-
dential, said information pro-
vided by SKDK that was not pub-
licly available had been instru-
mental in planning strategy.
Two consultants involved in
the children’s advertising project
said Ms. Dunn provided guidance
on the likelihood that the admin-
istration and the Federal Trade
Commission would back away
from the proposal. In helping the
New York Stock Exchange seek
approval for a merger with a Ger-
man exchange, SKDK’s associ-
ates told corporate partners that
the Obama administration did
not appear to have objections,
participants said. And working on behalf of Pratt
& Whitney, a military contractor,
SKDK told other consultants that
the administration appeared un-
willing to move aggressively to
kill a deal forcing the company to
share a multibillion-dollar jet en-
gine contract with General Elec-
tric, several participants said.
Among its biggest assignments
was representing a business co-
alition seeking to reduce tax
rates on about $1 trillion in off-
shore earnings. Ms. Rosen told
members of the corporate team
that the Treasury Department
was unwilling to go to bat for the
idea, one participant recalled.
SKDK and several senior Treas-
ury officials say they never dis-
cussed the issue. But an official with knowledge
of the issue said Ms. Rosen had
spoken by phone with Jake Siew-
ert, then a senior adviser to
Treasury Secretary Timothy F.
Geithner, asking whether there
was any chance that the adminis-
tration would allow such a plan to
be included in a debt deal then
under discussion. Mr. Siewert
told Ms. Rosen that the idea had
no administration support, acc-
cording to the official, who spoke
on the condition of anonymity. Ms. Rosen acknowledged that
she probably spoke to officials at
the Treasury press office to learn
the administration’s public posi-
tion on the tax plan. When The New York Times
asked the Treasury Department
last week about its contact with
SKDK on the issue, that inquiry
was forwarded to the firm within
an hour.
A Strategist Straddles a Line by Advising Corporate Clients and Obama
Anita Dunn with David Axelrod in 2009, when she was White House communications director.
Dual roles show the
limits of efforts to
change Washington.
From Page A1
Kitty Bennett and Tom Torok con-
tributed research. A14
Three leading Democratic “su-
per PACs” raised more money in
September than in any other
month this election cycle, offi-
cials said, underscoring the
growing willingness of wealthy
Democrats to bankroll groups
whose existence they had long
Priorities USA Action, the
group backing President Obama,
will report raising $15.2 million in
September, thanks in part to ag-
gressive fund-raising by party
leaders like former President Bill
Clinton and Mayor Rahm Eman-
uel of Chicago. The group has al-
ready reserved millions of dollars
in advertising for the closing
weeks of the campaign.
Majority PAC, which supports
Senate Democrats, raised $10.4
million in September and has
brought in an additional $9.7 mil-
lion through mid-October, offi-
cials announced on Friday, a peri-
od during which the party’s
chances of holding a majority in
the chamber appeared to be im-
proving. House Majority PAC,
the Congressional Democrats’
super PAC arm, raised $5.9 mil-
lion, a figure the group said it was
on pace to double this month.
“Democrats know that this
race is even closer than we
thought it would be, and if we’re
going to close this deal every-
body has to get involved,” said
Bill Burton, a spokesman for Pri-
orities USA.
Mr. Obama and the Democratic
National Committee said they
raised about $181 million in Sep-
tember, slightly more than Mitt
Romney and the Republican Na-
tional Committee, which raised
$170 million, according to offi-
cials. Mr. Obama’s campaign, fil-
ing on Friday, reported spending
$115 million in September and
ending the month with about $99
million in cash on hand for the
rest of the campaign.
But heavy spending by Demo-
crats over the spring and sum-
mer on registration, organizing,
and early voting turnout has left
the committee in the red, with
$4.6 million in cash on hand at the
end of September and debts of
$20.4 million.
The Republican committee, by
contrast, has amassed a huge
war chest for the final days of the
campaign. The party began Octo-
ber with $82.6 million in the bank,
much of which can be spent to
match Mr. Obama on the air-
waves. Mr. Romney was expect-
ed to file his campaign disclo-
sures on Saturday.
Despite fears among Repub-
licans that Mr. Romney’s political
difficulties in September would
hurt his fund-raising, Restore
Our Future, the super PAC back-
ing his White House bid, brought
in $14 million, more than in the
past two months combined, and
began October with $16 million in
the bank, according to disclo-
sures filed on Friday with the
Federal Election Commission. On Thursday, the group re-
served $12 million for six days of
television commercials, one of
the largest such reservations this
election cycle.
Most super PACs are required
to file detailed disclosures with
the election commission by mid-
night Saturday, documents that
will shed light on the sources of
the contributions and how much
money they had on hand going
into October. But early disclosures filed on
Friday by Restore Our Future re-
vealed that close to $4 million of
the group’s September contribu-
tions came from corporations,
suggesting that businesses have
begun to take full advantage of
regulatory and court rulings that
legalized unlimited corporate giv-
ing to independent political com-
mittees. In some cases, the true source
of the corporate money is hard to
trace. An entity called KSMK
Venture II, LLC, which listed an
address in Peabody, Mass., con-
tributed $200,000 to Restore Our
Future on Sept. 11, bringing its to-
tal contributions to the pro-Rom-
ney super PAC to $250,000.
KSMK’s listed address is the
headquarters of Christian Book
Distributors, a Goliath in the
world of Christian book and mu-
sic sales. The company’s presi-
dent, Ray Hendrickson, has con-
tributed more than $70,000 to the
Romney campaign and its joint
fund-raising committee with the
Republican National Committee.
A $200,000 donation from Meu-
chadim of Maine, LP, which listed
an address in Hollywood, Fla.,
appears to be connected to Simon
Falic, the chairman of Duty Free
Americas, the chain of airport
duty-free shops, who is a major
pro-Israel donor.
The sources of other corporate
donations are more obvious.
Greenpoint Technologies, which
contributed $250,000 to Restore
Our Future, is a company based
outside Seattle that builds high-
end aircraft interiors for “private
individuals and heads-of-state cli-
ents,” according to its Web site.
Scott Goodey, Greenpoint’s
president and chief executive,
and his wife, Julie, have contrib-
uted at least $100,000 to the Rom-
ney campaign and the Repub-
lican National Committee.
Individual donors contributed
$11 million to Restore Our Future
in September. Much of it came
from a few wealthy Romney sup-
porters who are mainstays of the
Republican super PAC world. Bob Perry, a Texas home build-
er who is one of the biggest do-
nors to conservative candidates
and causes, contributed $2 mil-
lion, bringing his total donations
to Restore Our Future to $9 mil-
lion — more than 10 percent of
the group’s war chest this year.
Stanley Herzog, a Missouri
construction company owner,
contributed $1 million, as did
Robert McNair, the billionaire
owner of the Houston Texans
football team. With Growing Willingness, Donors Come to Aid of Democratic ‘Super PACs’ Bankrolling the very
groups whose
existence was long an
object of scorn. Kitty Bennett, Michael Luo and
Derek Willis contributed report-
ing. gets for American bombers during the
Vietnam War. His passion for mastering
policy and deliberative decision-making
evokes the man he wishes to replace,
Barack Obama. Each president’s style resonated
across his administration, establishing
how staff members functioned and how
the public assessed them. “Everything
flows from that Oval Office,” said Mack
McLarty, the chief of staff to Bill Clinton
during his first term. “Everyone else,
the chief of staff, cabinet members, real-
ly start to adapt and work with that.”
The president’s management, he
said, “is the epicenter.”
Mr. Romney has shown a genuine tal-
ent for recruiting disparate teams (lur-
ing top-flight business people into the
governor’s office), molding a workplace
culture from scratch (as the founder of
Bain Capital) and establishing priorities
(as chief executive of the Olympics, he
wrote down and distributed a list of
“Five Guiding Principles.”) But the skills, habits and quirks that
fueled Mr. Romney’s ascent are untest-
ed in the crucible of the White House,
where the crises, conflicts and chal-
lenges are unrelenting, the learning
curve sharp and political instincts and
personal diplomacy are invaluable.
“Some of Romney’s experience prob-
ably would be useful to him. But if he
thinks it’s going to translate so easily
into the Oval Office, I think he has a sur-
prise coming,” said Robert Dallek, the
presidential historian.
Mr. Romney’s diplomatic, low-drama
approach, admired by many of his em-
ployees, has at times proved problemat-
ic for the organizations he oversees, ac-
cording to interviews.
Four years ago, campaign aides said,
he allowed distracting conflicts to fester
within his presidential campaign when
members of his advertising team split
into warring factions.
As new operatives arrived, touching
off a power struggle, weekly meetings
devolved into angry shouting matches
that stretched on for hours. “It was ab-
solutely perfectly horrible and I have
tried to completely repress it,” said the
campaign’s pollster at the time, Jan van
Lohuizen. The solution seemed obvi-
ous: Mr. Romney needed to step in, un-
tangle the egos and eliminate some-
body. But he did not act. “The problem
should have been resolved,” Mr. van
Lohuizen said. “It wasn’t. He would
have better off had it been.”
Colleagues from every phase of his
career said that Mr. Romney loathes
pushing out people with whom he works
closely and will do just about anything
to avoid it — an approach that has in-
spired deep loyalty to him even as it has
raised questions about his ability to
make tough personnel calls, as presi-
dents inevitably must. (Mr. Obama, for
instance, is on his third chief of staff.)
Mr. Romney’s image as a pink-slip is-
suing corporate raider, who drew deri-
sion for once saying he liked being able
to fire those who provide him with serv-
ices, stems almost entirely from his role
at Bain Capital buying and selling of far-
away companies, whose workers he
never met. But in his own offices, “he’d
be much more apt to simply push some-
body to the side and rely on advice from
somebody else he perceives as better
than to fire somebody,” said Ben Coes,
who ran Mr. Romney’s campaign for
governor in 2002.
After Mr. Romney’s traveling press
secretary, Rick Gorka, was caught on
tape this summer cursing at reporters
during a trip to Poland, he was briefly
removed from the campaign trail. But
he remained in his job.
Fraser Bullock, who was Mr. Rom-
ney’s top Olympics aide, said his then-
boss’s reluctance to fire people
stemmed from concern about their fate.
“He personalizes the situation, from
what I saw,” he said. “It’s ‘Oh, boy, what
will happen to this person? Are they go-
ing to be able to get another job?’ “
“That is why he gives people chances
to recover,” Mr. Bullock said.
That was the case with Doug Arnot,
the managing director of event opera-
tions for the Salt Lake City Olympic
Games. Not long after Mr. Romney was
named chief executive of the games in
1999, with a mandate to clean house af-
ter a bribery scandal, Mr. Arnot was in-
volved in a road rage incident in Salt
Lake City. After repeatedly punching a
pedestrian in a crosswalk, he pleaded
guilty to an assault charge.
While some board members advised
firing him, Mr. Romney refused after
agonizing for weeks, citing Mr. Arnot’s
good work record and critical role. “They gave me a chance to prove my-
self,” Mr. Arnot said in an interview.
Mr. Romney did cut employees loose.
As governor, he pushed out several offi-
cials whose actions reflected badly on
his administration. “In state govern-
ment, my observation is that the gover-
nor had a low tolerance for people who
underperformed and he wasn’t reluc-
tant to hold them to account,” said Eric
Fehrnstrom, Mr. Romney’s director of
communications in the Statehouse, and
now a campaign adviser.
As a boss, Mr. Romney was big on
small gestures. At Bain Capital, he insti-
tuted a rule that every meeting begin
with a joke. At the Olympic offices in
Salt Lake City, he once showed up with
a griddle and apron to cook his staff a
surprise pancake breakfast. And on his
last campaign, he took a break from de-
bate preparation for a game of touch
football with his advisers.
Employees said he seemed to intu-
itively understand how to motivate peo-
ple who worked long hours in high-
stress jobs. He doled out generous bo-
nuses, to be sure. But he also roamed
halls, poking his head into cubicles and
offices, inquiring what people were
working on, quietly studying the mood. “He would say, ‘People aren’t smiling
enough,’” recalled Cindy Gillespie, who
worked with him at the Olympics and
the governor’s office. Just a few weeks before the Olympics
began, Mr. Romney starred in an office
rendition of “Romeo and Juliet.” He
played Romeo, opposite a male col-
league in drag. There was no kiss, but
Mr. Romney ad-libbed a few lines: “Ju-
liet, you are ugly as sin and need a
shave to boot.”
“People just died,” Ms. Gillespie said.
Mr. Romney’s aptitude for problem-
solving has a corollary: he often tries to
solve them himself.
In the early 1990s, when he was the
highest-ranking Mormon official in Bos-
ton, he asked Ron Scott to serve as the
church communications director, a job
that would require him to act as a liai-
son to other religious institutions and
the local government. But when they
talked the job over, Mr. Scott said, “It
became pretty clear that he wanted to
do most of the outreach himself, and
that I wouldn’t have much to do.”
The urge to personally intervene is a
recurring pattern. At times, it earned
him plaudits, like when he temporarily
took control of Boston’s Big Dig tunnel
project after a construction accident. Occasionally, it could ruffle those
around him. Mr. Romney’s 2002 cam-
paign run for governor did not employ a
full-time speechwriter: he asked col-
leagues to draft them and then rewrote
them, a habit he has carried over into
the current presidential bid. (A frequent
sight: foot-tapping aides waiting to load
his revised speeches into teleprompters
moments before he takes the stage.)
Mr. Romney even made time as gov-
ernor to review the state Republican
Party’s spending, line by line. “Well, do
we really need to be spending $32,000
on a receptionist?” Rob Gray, a friend
and political adviser, recalled him say-
ing. Mr. Romney had a better idea.
“Couldn’t we just have a voice mail
Romney’s Style as a Manager: Unhurried, Socratic and Hands-On
From Page A1
Mitt Romney and his campaign staff. Employees say he seems to intuitively understand how to motivate people working long hours in high-stress jobs.
Mr. Romney in his office at Bain Capital in Waltham, Mass., in 1993. He
cites his private sector experience as a prime qualification as president.
As chief executive of the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Mr. Rom-
ney wrote down and distributed a list of “Five Guiding Principles.”
A chief executive who
savors details yet seeks
to avoid conflict.
Articles in this series are exploring the
lives and careers of the candidates for
president and vice president.
The Long Run
Previous articles in the
FAIRFAX, Va. — President
Obama reached out to female
voters in this battleground state
on Friday, saying that Mitt Rom-
ney would “turn back the clock”
on women’s rights and accusing
him of developing “Romnesia” by
conveniently forgetting his most
conservative positions.
“Mr. Severely Conservative
wants you to think he was se-
verely kidding about everything
he said over the last year,” Mr.
Obama said. “We’ve got to name
this condition that he’s going
through. I think it’s called Rom-
The president mocked Mr.
Romney’s remarks about recruit-
ing women to serve in his cabinet
when he was governor of Mas-
sachusetts, saying, “You don’t
want someone who has to ask for
binders of women.” His campaign
also released a television adver-
tisement accusing Mr. Romney of
not wanting to hire schoolteach-
ers or reduce classroom sizes for
Mr. Obama delivered his
speech to 9,000 supporters at
George Mason University here
before heading to Camp David to
prepare for the final presidential
debate on Monday. Mr. Romney
held a rally late Friday in Dayto-
na Beach, Fla.; he was spending
the weekend in the state ahead of
the debate.
Mr. Romney responded at a
campaign rally in Daytona
Beach, Fla., late Friday, by say-
ing that Mr. Obama’s was re-
duced to “silly word games.” “Have you been watching the
Obama campaign lately?” he
said. “They’ve been reduced to
petty attacks and silly word
games. Just watch it. The Obama
campaign has become the incred-
ible shrinking campaign. This is a
big country with big opportuni-
ties and great challenges, and
they keep on talking about small-
er and smaller things.”
Mr. Romney received the en-
dorsement of The Orlando Senti-
nel on Friday, four years after the
paper endorsed Mr. Obama for
his first term.
Editors of the paper said, “It
verges on magical thinking to ex-
pect Obama to get different re-
sults in the next four years.” But newspapers in Denver,
Salt Lake City and Tampa, Fla.,
all endorsed Mr. Obama on Fri-
day. The Salt Lake Tribune,
which endorsed the president
four years ago, called Mr. Rom-
ney a “shape-shifting nominee”
and asked, “Who is this guy, real-
ly, and what in the world does he
truly believe?” The editorial boards’ decisions
arrived as new data from the fed-
eral government this week
showed the unemployment rates
in most battleground states have
fallen, in some cases significant-
ly, during the past 12 months.
In Nevada and Florida, the un-
employment rate dropped by
nearly two percentage points,
though joblessness in both states
remained above the national av-
erage, which is 7.8 percent,ac-
cording to state-by-state num-
bers released on Wednesday by
the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In
Nevada, the unemployment rate
is now 11.8 percent, and in Flor-
ida, it is 8.7 percent. Several other battleground
states — including Virginia, Ohio,
North Carolina and Wisconsin —
saw smaller drops in unemploy-
ment. But in all of those states,
the unemployment rate is well
below the national average.
The economic improvement,
and the perception among voters
that things are getting better, has
helped bolster Mr. Obama even
as a strong performance in the
first debate has given Mr. Rom-
ney a lift going into the final
month of the race.
The fight for female voters in-
tensified this week after the
town-hall-style debate in Hemp-
stead, N.Y., which included a
question about equal pay for
women that prompted a clash be-
tween the candidates over who
would better serve women’s
That debate spilled onto the
airwaves, with Mr. Romney’s
campaign quickly releasing an ad
contending that he does not op-
pose contraception and believes
that abortion should be legal in
cases of rape and incest, and to
save the life of the mother. The Obama campaign hit back
with its own ad, featuring a clip
from a CNN debate in 2007 in
which Mr. Romney said he would
be “delighted” to sign a bill ban-
ning all abortions. (He went on to
say that he believed the country
was not ready for that.)
At the rally here, Mr. Obama
criticized Mr. Romney for chang-
ing his positions on abortion, en-
ergy and other issues. Proclaim-
ing the benefits of his health care
law, the president reassured the
crowd that “Romnesia” was cur-
able. “If you come down with a
case of Romnesia and you can’t
seem to remember the policies
that are still on your Web site, or
the promises you’ve made over
the six years you’ve been run-
ning for president,” he said,
“here’s the good news: Obama-
care covers pre-existing condi-
Mr. Romney’s campaign quick-
ly issued a statement from Bar-
bara J. Comstock, a Republican
state lawmaker in Virginia. “Women haven’t forgotten how
we’ve suffered over the last four
years in the Obama economy
with higher taxes, higher unem-
ployment and record levels of
poverty,” Ms. Comstock said.
“What is really frightening is that
we know a second term for Presi-
dent Obama will bring devastat-
ing defense cuts that will cost
Virginia over 130,000 jobs, more
burdensome regulations and the
biggest tax increase in history on
our small businesses and fam-
About 9,000 people attended an event Friday at George Mason University in which President Obama mocked Mitt Romney’s remarks about recruiting women.
Campaigning in Virginia, Obama Presses Fight for Women’s Vote
Dueling rallies and
ads on birth control
and other issues.
Binyamin Appelbaum contributed
reporting. recent weeks than Ms. Rice prob-
ably has in a year. While some
Democrats blamed him for Mr.
Obama’s poor performance at the
first debate, the president told
advisers it was not Mr. Kerry’s
fault. But if the Senate is closely
divided after the election, the
White House may be reluctant to
risk his seat, particularly if Sena-
tor Scott P. Brown, a Republican,
is defeated, because Mr. Brown
could then jump into a special
election for Mr. Kerry’s seat.
Thomas E. Donilon, the nation-
al security adviser, would like to
be secretary of state, friends say,
but would face confirmation
questions about security leaks
and his past work for Fannie
Mae, the mortgage company at
the heart of the housing melt-
down, and he has told Mr. Obama
he wants to stay in his current
post. A dark horse discussed in
the White House is Deputy Secre-
tary of State William J. Burns, a
career diplomat.
Treasury Secretary Timothy F.
Geithner also plans to leave after
the election. Jacob S. Lew, the
White House chief of staff, is
deemed the odds-on favorite to
take over. Others mentioned in-
clude Erskine Bowles, co-chair-
man of Mr. Obama’s deficit re-
duction commission; Roger Alt-
man, a former deputy treasury
secretary; Laurence D. Fink,
chairman of BlackRock, the giant
money management firm; and
Richard C. Levin, the president of
Yale. If Mr. Lew goes, Mr. Obama
would need a fourth chief of staff.
David Plouffe, his senior adviser,
would be a logical choice, but he
wants to leave after the election.
Valerie Jarrett, a close friend of
the first family, might want the
role, but she has detractors. Mr.
Donilon turned down the job once
before but could be pressed
again. Also mentioned are Michael
Froman, the president’s interna-
tional economics adviser; Robert
Bauer, the former White House
counsel; Ronald A. Klain, the for-
mer vice-presidential chief of
staff now helping with debate
preparations; and Deputy Secre-
tary of State Thomas R. Nides.
Defense Secretary Leon E. Pa-
netta and Attorney General Eric
H. Holder Jr. are expected to
leave, although they may wait
until after the inauguration, per-
haps even six months or a year
into the new term. Mr. Panetta, who flies home to
California every weekend, is ea-
ger to retire but may see through
a looming struggle over military
spending first. Waiting in the
wings are Michèle A. Flournoy, a
former undersecretary of de-
fense who would be the first
woman to run the armed forces,
and Ashton Carter, the current
deputy secretary. Democrats
said Mr. Donilon or Mr. Kerry
might be considered.
Mr. Holder had been thought
ready to go but may hang on to
avoid looking like he was driven
out by controversy over a
botched anti-gun operation. The
main internal candidate to suc-
ceed him is Janet Napolitano, the
homeland security secretary,
whose supporters have spread
word of her interest.
The Romney side is more in
flux. A transition team called the
Readiness Project led by former
Gov. Mike Leavitt of Utah has as-
sembled lists of candidates but no
one has been interviewed, aides
said. That has not stopped the
lobbying, though. Transition
team members are inundated
with calls and e-mails.
Mr. Romney would draw from
his campaign circle for White
House staff. Mr. Leavitt seems a
likely chief of staff, although Sen-
ator Portman is also mentioned.
Richard Williamson, a foreign
policy adviser, may become na-
tional security adviser, while an-
other aide, Dan Senor, seems
likely to get a top position, per-
haps working for a Vice Presi-
dent Paul D. Ryan. Bob White, a
longtime Romney friend and
campaign chairman, could be
senior adviser. Either Eric Fehrn-
strom or Kevin Madden could be
press secretary.
The competition for secretary
of state has exposed an ideologi-
cal rift. When Robert Zoellick, the
former World Bank president,
was tapped to run the national
security transition team, it ignit-
ed protests from conservatives
who viewed him as too moderate.
They prefer John R. Bolton, the
outspoken former ambassador to
the United Nations, although he
could not win confirmation even
for that post during the Bush ad-
ministration and had to be in-
stalled by recess appointment.
Other options include Mr. Port-
man; Robert M. Kimmitt, a for-
mer undersecretary of state and
deputy treasury secretary; or
even Senator Joseph I. Lieber-
man, the hawkish independent
from Connecticut who caucuses
with Democrats. Former Gov.
Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota had
been held up for a top job but ef-
fectively bowed out to take a pri-
vate-sector position starting Nov.
1. To run the Treasury Depart-
ment, Mr. Romney could tap, in-
stead of Mr. Portman, Mr. Zoell-
ick, Mr. Kimmitt or R. Glenn Hub-
bard, the Columbia Business
School dean. Former Senator
James M. Talent of Missouri is
seen as a possible defense secre-
tary. Gov. Bob McDonnell of Vir-
ginia could be attorney general,
as could Senator Kelly Ayotte of
New Hampshire. Senator Orrin
G. Hatch and former Senator
Robert F. Bennett, both of Utah,
and Senator Marco Rubio of Flor-
ida all are in the mix.
Jockeying Begins for Cabinet Positions, Weeks Before the Election
Senator Rob Portman, center, joined Mitt Romney and Paul D. Ryan at a rally in September in
Ohio. Mr. Portman is seen as a potential treasury secretary in a Romney administration.
From Page A12
A Republican Party effort to
register voters in advance of next
month’s presidential election be-
came the focal point of new con-
troversy Friday when the au-
thorities in Virginia charged a
voter registration supervisor
who had allegedly thrown eight
completed voter registration
forms into a recycling bin. The sheriff’s office in Harrison-
burg, Va., said the supervisor,
Colin Small, had been charged
with 13 counts of destruction of
voter registration applications,
disclosure of voter registration
information, and obstruction of
justice. Mr. Small was employed
by PinPoint, a company working
for the Virginia Republican Party
to run local registration drives,
and reported to a party head-
quarters in Harrisonburg. Mr. Small, of Phoenixville, Pa.,
had until recently worked for
Strategic Allied Consulting, the
Arizona company that was fired
by the national Republican Party
last month after allegations of
voter registration improprieties
in Colorado, Florida and Nevada.
PinPoint, which also has offices
in Arizona, had previously been a
subcontractor for Strategic Allied
Consulting, which is run by a Re-
publican operative, Nathan
Sproul. Mr. Sproul had been under con-
tract with the Republican Party
to run registration drives in five
states, including Virginia. The
Florida Department of Law En-
forcement began investigating
his operation after state elections
officials noticed problems with
registration forms including false
addresses, registrations filed in
the names of dead people and
registrations on which party affil-
iations had been changed.
A spokesman for Strategic Al-
lied Consulting, David Leibowitz,
said the company had not been
involved in voter registration ef-
forts in Virginia since Sept. 27
and had had no contact with Mr.
Small since then. Mr. Small did
not respond to a telephone mes-
sage seeking comment. A résumé posted on LinkedIn,
which identified Mr. Small as
“grass-roots field director” for
the Republican National Commit-
tee, said he recently graduated
from Catholic University in
Washington. He was listed as
having internships at the Catho-
lic Family and Human Rights In-
stitute and the office of Repre-
sentative Mike Kelly, a Pennsyl-
vania Republican. The Republican Party of Vir-
ginia, which paid Strategic Allied
Consulting $700,000 in August
and September, issued a state-
ment after Mr. Small was
charged, saying “the actions tak-
en by this individual are a direct
contradiction of both his training
and explicit instructions given to
The authorities in Harrison-
burg, in the Shenandoah Valley,
were first alerted to the discard-
ed voter registration forms on
Monday by a local retailer named
Rob Johnson, who had noticed a
man drive behind his store in a
black Toyota Camry with Penn-
sylvania license plates, then
throw a white trash bag into the
store’s cardboard recycling bin. Mr. Johnson said he went to
move the trash out of the recy-
cling so he would not incur extra
charges for it. He became curious
because the bag was very light-
weight and discovered a manila
folder containing the completed
voter registration forms. The voter registration applica-
tions were discarded just hours
before a deadline — 5 p.m Mon-
day — for submitting them. Elec-
tions officials said they made
sure the registrations were pro-
cessed. Virginia does not register
voters by party, and it was not
clear why the particular registra-
tion forms may have been se-
lected for discarding.
Man Aiding
G.O.P. Effort
In Vote Drive
Is Charged
A controversy with a
link to a company
already under
Michael Moss contributed report-
ing. Other points of view
on the Op-Ed page
seven days a week.
The New York Times
HOUSTON — In a big state
proud of its big things, few were
bigger than Big Tex, symbolical-
ly as well as physically. The 52-
foot-tall mechanical cowboy tow-
ered over the State Fair of Texas
in Dallas in bluejeans, size-70
boots and a 75-gallon hat, the
city’s very own Howdy Doody, if
Howdy Doody were the size of a
four-story building.
At this year’s fair, which ends
its three-week run on Sunday,
Big Tex — his mouth moved as
he uttered “Howdy, folks!” —
was celebrating its, or his, 60th
birthday. But on Friday, Big Tex
caught fire and was all but de-
stroyed in the flames and thick
smoke. His fiberglass head, hat
and boots were consumed, as
were most of his fabric clothes,
leaving only his outstretched
arms, belt buckle and metal
skeleton intact.
The one-alarm fire started at
10:30 a.m., and 15 firefighters
had put it out by 10:50. A spokes-
man for Dallas Fire-Rescue, Lt.
Joel Lavender, said investiga-
tors were trying to determine
the cause of the blaze, though a
fair spokeswoman said the prob-
lem appeared to be electrical
and started at ground level.
The Dallas mayor, Michael S.
Rawlings, who rushed to the
fairgrounds as word spread,
vowed on Twitter, “We will re-
build Big Tex bigger and better
for the 21st century.” The state
fair president, Errol McKoy, said
that Big Tex would be in place
for the 2013 season.
Gov. Rick Perry issued a
statement, calling it a “sad day
for fairgoers across the Lone
Star State” and expressing con-
fidence Big Tex would be rebuilt.
The Dallas Morning News creat-
ed an online guest book for read-
ers to “leave condolences, share
your Big Tex memories,” and the
newspaper also posted a link to
the 911 call (“We’ve got a rather
tall cowboy, all his clothes
burned off.”).
The fair’s mascot was some-
thing more than a mascot. The
fair named its Web site after
him,, and he had his
own official clothier, Dickies. Big Tex began his career not
as Big Tex, but as another famil-
iar icon: Santa Claus.
In the late 1940s, merchants in
Kerens, Tex., built what they
considered the world’s tallest
Santa Claus to promote holiday
shopping. In 1951, the state fair
president, R.L. Thornton,
bought the components of the
Kerens Santa for $750, according
to “The Great State Fair of Tex-
as: An Illustrated History,” by
Nancy Wiley. Mr. Thornton then
hired an artist, Jack Bridges, to
transform them into a super-size
cowboy for the 1952 fair. In 2002, when Big Tex turned
50, he was given an AARP card.
It was, naturally, gigantic.
Fire Fells a Really Big Cowboy in Dallas
Big Tex started life as a Santa Claus in the 1940s, but ended his days as the 52-foot-tall cowboy
that greeted visitors at the State Fair of Texas in Dallas. Big Tex was destroyed on Friday.
A large study released by the
American Academy of Pediatrics
suggests that boys are entering
puberty earlier now than several
decades ago — or at least earlier
than the time frame doctors have
historically used as a benchmark.
The study, widely considered
the most reliable attempt to
measure puberty in American
boys, estimates that boys are
showing signs of puberty six
months to two years earlier than
was reported in previous re-
search, which historically taught
that 11› was the general age pu-
berty began in boys. But experts
cautioned that because previous
studies were smaller or used dif-
ferent approaches, it is difficult to
say how much earlier boys might
be developing. The study echoes research on
girls, which has now established
a scientific consensus that they
are showing breast development
earlier than in the past.
The study, which was to be an-
nounced at the Academy of Pedi-
atrics national conference on Sat-
urday and published online in the
journal Pediatrics, did not try to
determine what might be causing
earlier puberty, although it men-
tioned changes in diet, less phys-
ical activity and other environ-
mental factors as possibilities.
Experts said that without further
research, implications for boys
are unclear.
“This should perhaps set a
standard going forward for being
very attentive to puberty in boys
and being mindful that they’re
developing earlier,” said Dolores
J. Lamb, a molecular endocrinol-
ogist at Baylor College of Medi-
cine and president of the Ameri-
can Society for Reproductive
Medicine. She was not involved
in the study. Praising the study as well
done, she said, “Whether the dif-
ference is as large as what they
say on some papers 40 years ago
is not clear.” However, she added,
“this is going to be incredibly
useful to pediatricians and urol-
ogists.” The new study also found that
African-American boys began pu-
berty earlier than whites and
Hispanics, a result that other
studies have shown also applies
to African-American girls. Re-
searchers said that difference is
most likely driven by the role of
genes in puberty. On average, black boys in the
study showed signs of puberty,
primarily identified as growth of
the testicles, at a little older than
9, while white and Hispanic boys
were a little older than 10. Several experts said the study
should not be seized upon as
cause for alarm, but rather as a
way to help parents and doctors
gauge what to be aware of in
boys’ development and whether
to start conversations about so-
cial issues sooner. “It was an important study to
do, and their methodology is im-
proved over prior studies in that
they based their assessment of
puberty in boys on what I consid-
er to be the gold standard: the
size of the testicles,” said Dr. Lau-
ra Bachrach, a professor of pedi-
atric endocrinology at Stanford
University. But the study should not
prompt a magazine “cover article
that shows a 9-year-old boy shav-
ing,” Dr. Bachrach said. And be-
cause some parents fear that ear-
ly puberty is related to more hor-
mones in milk — speculation that
is unproven — “I don’t want peo-
ple to get up in arms and rush out
and buy organic milk,” she said.
“When patients ask me, I say, ‘Do
that for political reasons or be-
cause you like the taste, but don’t
do it because you think it’s going
to influence puberty.’” For the study, researchers en-
listed about 200 pediatricians in
41 states to record information on
4,131 healthy boys ages 6 to 16
during their well-child exams.
Physicians were trained to use an
orchidometer, a string of oval
wooden or plastic beads of in-
creasing size that are compared
against the size of the testicles.
Urologists use orchidometers to
measure testicular volume when
men have fertility concerns. Nor-
Boys Now Enter Puberty Younger, Study Suggests, but It’s Unclear Why
A respected study
echoes findings made
earlier about girls.
Continued on Page A17
BERKELEY, Calif. — Hardly a stran-
ger to political movements, this is a city
that has championed free speech, no
nukes, the antiwar movement and now:
no sitting on the sidewalk.
During years of economic downturn,
cities across the country have reported
rising vagrancy and rushed to pass laws
banning aggressive panhandling, giving
food away in public parks and even
smelling foul.
This bastion of populist politics is no
exception. The City Council and mayor
have put a measure on the November
ballot that would ban sitting and lying
on commercial sidewalks from 7 a.m. to
10 p.m., at the risk of a $75 citation. “These laws are an example of a star-
tling national trend to criminalize home-
lessness,” said Maria Foscarinis, execu-
tive director of the National Law Center
on Homelessness and Poverty, an advo-
cacy group.
In a 2011 survey of 234 cities, the
group found that 40 percent prohibited
camping, 33 percent banned sitting and
lying down in public places and 53 per-
cent outlawed begging. Recent exam-
ples of laws intended to shoo off, keep
out, or otherwise restrict the homeless
are everywhere. In July, Newport
Beach, Calif., a seaside city south of Los
Angeles, instituted rules banning public
library patrons who smell, park their
shopping carts near entrances or sleep
in the library. In April, Denver passed a
law forbidding “urban camping.” In
March, Philadelphia prohibited chari-
ties from distributing free food in public
parks, a rule that was recently suspend-
ed after church groups sued the city. Other municipalities have removed
park benches, closed public restrooms
and banned sleeping in cars.
“Making it a crime just to sit here?”
griped Chris Escobar, 23, who left Mi-
ami five weeks ago after losing a job as
a delivery driver for a sandwich shop. “This is not the Berkeley I’ve heard
about my whole life,” said Mr. Escobar,
who hitched a ride west with only a
backpack, a yellow dog named Marley
and a tiger-striped kitten on a leash.
“This is not the Berkeley I came for.”
That might come as welcome news to
proponents of the city’s Measure S and
some business owners along Telegraph
Avenue, where Mr. Escobar and his ilk
spend most days hunkered down on the
sidewalk with their belongings, pets and
cardboard signs.
“Some people don’t come to Tele-
graph or downtown to shop or eat be-
cause they are intimidated,” said John
Caner, chief executive of the Downtown
Berkeley Association, a group repre-
senting commercial property owners. Some small-business owners say they
hope the measure will curb what they
describe as roving bands of nomadic
youths, many of whom openly use and
deal drugs, keep pit bulls, panhandle
and scare off potential customers. Several small businesses, including a
coffee shop and a gelato store here, fault
the homeless crowd for a recent 30 per-
cent drop in business.
But opponents of Measure S say such
blame is misguided. “When economic
times are hard there is a tendency to
scapegoat,” said Bob Offer-Westort, an
organizer of the groups opposing the
measure, which include dozens of clergy
members and the student government
at the University of California, Berkeley.
On any given night in the United
States, there are an estimated 650,000
people like Mr. Escobar without an in-
door place to sleep. At last count, Berke-
ley had some 680 homeless people, far
exceeding the 135 beds available year-
round in local emergency shelters.
Many cities are similarly stretched, un-
able to provide services to the growing
number of people seeking help. Last
year, 86 percent of the cities surveyed
by the U.S. Conference of Mayors re-
ported an increase in requests for emer-
gency food assistance. City officials
here say they already spend $2.8 million
annually on services for the needy.
But the Obama administration has
cautioned cities against trying to cope
with homeless populations by passing
laws against “act of living” crimes like
sleeping or sitting.
In March, the United States Inter-
agency Council on Homelessness, a
group of 19 federal agencies including
the Departments of Justice, Veterans
Affairs, and Housing and Urban Devel-
opment, issued a report warning that
such measures can be costly, ineffective
and lead to lawsuits. “Criminalization
policies further marginalize men and
women who are experiencing homeless-
ness, fuel inflammatory attitudes, and
may even unduly restrict constitutional-
ly protected liberties,” the report read.
In recent years, advocates for the
homeless have filed suit, and in some
cases received multimillion-dollar set-
tlements, after cities cleaned up indi-
gent encampments, in some cases de-
stroying the property of the homeless.
The courts found such actions violated
Fourth Amendment protections against
unreasonable searches and seizures.
Ordinances prohibiting begging have
been found to violate the First Amend-
ment right to free speech. Other law-
suits have been filed on behalf of the
homeless for violations of the Cconstitu-
tion’s equal protection clause.
“What cities are doing is criminaliz-
ing behavior, not homelessness,” said
James Brooks, a program director at the
National League of Cities. “Cities are
acting under state law to create safe en-
Proponents of Berkeley’s measure
say it is modeled on best practices
culled from the experiences of cities like
Seattle; San Francisco; Santa Monica,
Calif.; and Santa Cruz, Calif. “Out here you can’t sleep, you can’t
find a place to go to the bathroom, cops
are always telling you to move,” said
Josh Keys, 35, who has lived on the
street in most of those cities. For now,
he is on Telegraph Avenue.
Last year, Mr. Keys was ticketed for
sitting on the street in Santa Cruz but he
says he has no intention of paying the
fine. He has been homeless since he was
a teenager. If a city gets too cold or re-
strictive, he moves on. “When you’re
homeless, you feel like a hunted ani-
mal,” he said.
Free Speech
Is One Thing,
Vagrants, Another
Berkeley Would Ban Sitting
And Lying in Commercial Areas
James Young, co-owner of Paul’s Shoe Repair in Berkeley, Calif., supports the proposed ban. Allen Lange, homeless in Berkeley since 2002, sprawled Tuesday outside the public library.
A mural salutes the social movements of the 1960s on Telegraph
Avenue. Critics see a growing trend to “criminalize homelessness.” Ø
A large federal study of wheth-
er diet and weight loss can pre-
vent heart attacks and strokes in
overweight and obese people
with Type 2 diabetes has ended
two years ahead of schedule be-
cause the intensive program did
not help.
“I was surprised,” said Rena
Wing, the study’s chairwoman
and a professor of psychiatry and
human behavior at Brown Uni-
versity’s medical school.
Like many, she had assumed
diet and exercise would help, in
part because short-term studies
had found that those strategies
lowered blood sugar levels, blood
pressure and cholesterol levels. But, Dr. Wing added, “You do a
study because you don’t know
the answer.”
Still, medical experts said
there were many benefits to diet
and exercise even if they did not
reduce cardiovascular disease in
people with diabetes.
About 25 million Americans
have Type 2 diabetes. Many are
overweight or obese. On average,
the disease increases heart dis-
ease risk by 2 to 2› times, said
Dr. Ronald Kahn, chief academic
officer at the Joslin Diabetes Cen-
ter in Boston.
It seemed logical that diet and
exercise would help reduce that
risk. An earlier federal study
found that an intense diet and ex-
ercise program helped prevent
overweight or obese people with
elevated blood sugar levels from
crossing the line into diabetes.
The hope was that a similar pro-
gram could also protect people
from heart disease.
The study randomly assigned
5,145 overweight or obese people
with Type 2 diabetes to either a
rigorous diet and exercise regi-
men or to sessions in which they
got general health information.
The diet involved 1,200 to 1,500
calories a day for those weighing
less than 250 pounds and 1,500 to
1,800 calories a day for those
weighing more. The exercise pro-
gram was at least 175 minutes a
week of moderate exercise.
But 11 years after the study be-
gan, researchers concluded it
was futile to continue — the two
groups had nearly identical rates
of heart attacks, strokes and car-
diovascular deaths. The investigators are analyz-
ing their data and will be pub-
lishing them in research papers.
But the outcome is clear, said
Dr. David Nathan, a principal in-
vestigator and director of the Di-
abetes Center at Massachusetts
General Hospital. “We have to
have an adult conversation about
this,” he said. “This was a nega-
tive result.” The study participants as-
signed to the intensive exercise
and diet program did lose about 5
percent of their weight and man-
aged to keep it off during the
study. That was enough to reduce
cardiovascular risk factors. “We showed that meaningful
weight loss — let’s put ‘meaning-
ful’ in quotes — could be estab-
lished and maintained,” Dr. Na-
than said. “To me that means we
did a good experiment. We had a
fair test of this hypothesis.”
Some, like Dr. John Buse, di-
rector of the University of North
Carolina’s diabetes center, said
the study confirmed what they
would have expected. Dr. Buse, a
former president of the American
Diabetes Association, said treat-
ments including smoking cessa-
tion, statins to reduce cholesterol
and blood pressure medications
are so powerful that they could
swamp the modest effects of
weight loss or exercise on cardio-
vascular risk.
Other medical experts said
they were waiting for release of
the detailed data collected by the
researchers before interpreting
the study.
“It is hard to tell anything with-
out the details of the study,” said
Dr. Irl Hirsch, medical director of
the Diabetes Care Center at the
University of Washington.
Dr. Nathan, though, said the re-
sults meant that people with dia-
betes might have a choice. The
group assigned to diet and exer-
cise ended up with about the
same levels of cholesterol, blood
pressure and blood sugar as
those in the control group, but the
dieters used fewer medications.
“That may be the choice we
are highlighting,” Dr. Nathan
said. “You can take more medica-
tions — and more, I should say,
expensive medications — or you
can chose a lifestyle intervention
and use fewer drugs and come to
the same cardiovascular disease
He is not going to say which is
better, Dr. Nathan added. That is
up to the individual. But, he said,
“those are real choices.”
Diabetes Study Ends Early With a Surprising Result
Diet and weight loss
were not as effective
as doctors assumed.
ity that relieving people of chores
at home will simply free them up
to work more. But David Lewin, a
compensation expert and man-
agement professor at the Uni-
versity of California, Los Ange-
les, said he viewed the perks as
part of a growing effort by Ameri-
can business to reward people
with time and peace of mind in-
stead of more traditional finan-
cial tools, like stock options and
“They’re trying to get at peo-
ple’s larger lives and sanity,” Mr.
Lewin said. “You might call it the
bang for the nonbuck.” At Deloitte, the consulting firm,
employees can get a backup care
worker if an aging parent or
grandparent needs help. The
company subsidizes personal
trainers and nutritionists, and of-
fers round-the-clock counseling
service for help with issues like
marital strife and infertility. De-
loitte executives, and other ex-
perts, said they believe that such
benefits were likely to spread.
“The workplace was built on
the assumption that there was
somebody at home dealing with
the home front,” said Anne
Weisberg, a longtime human re-
sources executive who helped
write a book about new kinds of
workplace policies. Not only is that no longer the
case, she said, but the work-life
pressures seem to be building.
“There’s a greater awareness
that we’re pushing things to the
limit and something’s got to
give,” she said.
Hannah Valantine, a cardiolo-
gist, professor and associate
dean at the Stanford School of
Medicine, said the university’s
experiment with helping out at
home was part of a broader effort
to support doctors, given their
hyperkinetic pace of life.
“If you’re coming home at the
end of the day exhausted and you
have a pile of cleaning to do, it’s
the kind of things that leads rap-
idly to burnout, and burned-out
physicians don’t give the best
care,” Dr. Valantine said. “We’re
trying to send a very strong mes-
sage that the institution cares
about you and about your life.”
Some compensation experts
argue these types of perks ulti-
mately do little to attract employ-
ees and might obscure more fun-
damental problems at companies
that have trouble retaining talent.
That is a challenge Stanford
owns up to, given the brain drain
suffered by academic hospitals,
where relentless demands in-
clude treating patients, writing
grants, doing research and trav-
eling to conferences.
So 18 months ago, Stanford
hired a consulting firm called
Jump Associates to better un-
derstand why so many academic
doctors feel burned out. The com-
pany videotaped them from the
time they woke up, through the
workday and until they and their
families went to sleep.
In one video, a kidney special-
ist told a story that shocked the
researchers: while she was on
maternity leave, she bought a
minivan to ferry the children of
friends and neighbors to school
and sports practices.
That way, the doctor explained,
she would be able to ask for fa-
vors when she returned to work
— and that, in theory, would en-
able her to juggle the dual de-
mands of work and family.
In another interview, a doctor
in her eighth month of pregnancy
told researchers that she was
signing up for more on-call shifts
than ever. Her motivation? While
she was not required to do the ex-
tra work, she said she hoped it
would give her a clear conscience
when she took a few months off
with her baby.
Dr. Valantine said the findings
had led her to scrap the idea that
people should strive for “work-
life balance” and instead think in
terms of “work-life integration.”
That shifting mind-set — the
idea that life and work must be
blended rather than separated —
is increasingly common, accord-
ing to other doctors, scholars who
study work habits and the gener-
ally well-compensated workers of
Silicon Valley like Andrew Sin-
kov, 31, a vice president of mar-
keting at Evernote, a digital note-
taking service.
“‘Life-work balance’ is a non-
sense term,” Mr. Sinkov said.
“The idea that I have to segment
work and life is based on some
archaic lunar-calendar thing.”
Given that his employer is pay-
ing to clean his apartment, Mr.
Sinkov and his girlfriend do not
have to quibble about cleanup du-
ties. The value of the perk is
greater than the money saved, he
“It eliminates a decision I have
to make,” Mr. Sinkov said. “It’s
just happening and it’s good, and
I don’t have to think about it.”
His boss, Mr. Libin, also gives
employees $1,000 to spend on va-
cation, but it has to be “a real va-
“You can’t visit the in-laws;
you have to go somewhere,” Mr.
Libin said, adding that he did not
see these perks just as ways to
keep his work force — and their
families — engaged. He said he
also tended to be frugal as a chief
executive, preferring these types
of peace-of-mind benefits to, say,
business-class travel, which the
company does not pay for.
“Happy workers make better
products,” he said. “The output
we care about has everything to
do with your state of mind.”
At Google, the company has
expanded its benefits beyond
free meals, dry cleaning and oth-
er services on campus to offering
$500 to new parents. The compa-
ny has also arranged for fresh
fish to be delivered to the office
for employees to take home.
“What you’ve seen is benefits
moving away from free food into
thinking more holistically about
individuals and their health,” said
Jordan Newman, a Google
spokesman. “And a lot of that
happens outside of the office.”
At Facebook, employees can
take home a free dinner or, if
working late, their families can
come in to eat with them, leading
to a regular sight of children in
the campus cafeteria. The com-
pany also pays $3,000 per family
in child care expenses, and offers
adoption assistance of up to
Slater Tow, a Facebook spokes-
man, said company was not try-
ing to be New Age but simply
“We don’t want to give aro-
matherapy for your dog,” he said.
“We want things that are func-
tional for you and your family.”
To Reduce Stress at Work, Bosses Pitch In at Home
Andrew Sinkov in the San Francisco apartment he shares with his girlfriend, Alina Liberman.
Rewarding workers
with time and peace
of mind instead of
financial incentives.
From Page A1
mal adult size is about 22 to 25
milliliters, Dr. Lamb said. In
boys, 2 milliliters is pre-pubertal;
some doctors consider 3 millili-
ters and others 4 milliliters as an
indicator of puberty, so the study
included analysis for both sizes. Doctors in the study also eval-
uated boys using the Tanner
scale, a five-stage ranking sys-
tem developed from a 40-year-old
British study. While Tanner is the
textbook benchmark, doctors in-
creasingly consider it outmoded
because it involved only 228
white boys in juvenile detention
in London and evaluated them
from photographs. In the new study doctors also
took note of pubic hair, but, said
Dr. Bachrach, “pubic hair is very
very misleading” because it is a
later, less predictable indicator.
The study’s lead author, Mar-
cia E. Herman-Giddens, a child
and maternal health specialist at
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, said she originally
proposed an additional measure
used in Europe: identifying
through urinalysis, or by asking,
if boys had begun to ejaculate.
But she said that urinalysis
would have made the study more
expensive, and colleagues re-
viewing the proposal “just
freaked out” about the prospect
of asking boys about ejaculation,
wondering, “How would a child
understand that?”
Dr. Herman-Giddens led a
large study on girls’ puberty in
1997, and its conclusion that girls
were developing earlier generat-
ed great controversy. Now,
though, experts generally agree
that subsequent research has
shown breast development as
young as 7 or 8. With menstrua-
tion, however, studies conflict:
some suggest it is starting earli-
er, while others suggest the age
has not changed much. Experts
said this could mean that puberty
is beginning sooner but lasting
longer, or that different physio-
logical processes underlie breast
development and menstruation. With girls, there is also scien-
tific consensus that heavier girls
enter puberty earlier, which
makes sense, experts said, be-
cause body fat is tied to estrogen
production. In the study of boys, weight
was not analyzed intensively, but
the heaviest boys were develop-
ing earlier than what Dr. Her-
man-Giddens called “the little bit-
ty skinny boys.” Experts said it is
unclear if weight gain precipi-
tates puberty or is a conse-
quence. Some experts said that while
earlier development in girls can
be worrisome because girls may
be treated as more socially ma-
ture than they are, implications
for boys are uncertain. “With girls, the first signs are
obvious, and social ramifications
are much more pronounced and
they’re negative,” said Dr. Wil-
liam P. Adelman, associate pro-
fessor of pediatrics at the Uni-
formed Services University of the
Health Sciences in Bethesda,
Md., and a member of the Acad-
emy of Pedatrics committee on
adolescents. But early-maturing
boys “get called on more in
school, tend to be better athletes.
I’m less likely to get a parent of a
boy saying, ‘Oh my gosh, my
boy’s developing — he’s too
young,’” Dr. Adelman said. More
common is, “My boy, he’s a fresh-
man in high school, his best
friend is 6 feet already and he’s
4-11.” Dr. Frank M. Biro, a puberty
researcher and director of ado-
lescent medicine at Cincinnati
Children’s Hospital, said there
are some common implications
for girls and boys.
“If kids are looking older, it
means that parents should be
monitoring them, because that
superego doesn’t kick in until late
teens or early 20s,” he said. “The
kids need a hand. Know what
they’re doing.” Puberty Starting Earlier in Boys, New Research Suggests
From Page A16
Ranschaert guided a conversa-
tion about the values Jesus con-
sidered blessed and about the
solace that faith can provide. “I
want you to write about a time
when you had to rely on God,” he
said. “A time when you felt beat
down, or there was something
wrong, when your spirit was just
A girl asked, “When someone
died?” Mr. Ranschaert replied,
“It could be that.” As if he could
TUCSON — On the Sunday
night before his ninth week as a
teacher, Daniel Ranschaert sat
down to a communal dinner of
tortilla casserole with his house-
mates. All eight of
them had come to
this desert city after
finishing college in
the Midwest. They
share a rented home,
modest paychecks
and a commitment to educate the
poor, the struggling and the striv-
ing in Tucson’s Catholic schools. Before eating, the young tea-
chers made the sign of the cross,
clasped hands and said grace.
Then, as they dug into the casse-
role, they talked about the test on
Mesopotamia, the lesson on root
words, all the things Monday
morning would bring in their var-
ious classrooms. Because that
day would also be Columbus Day,
they slid into a conversation
about the Spanish explorers and
conquistadors, a tender subject
in schools filled with Latino and
American Indian children. For a time, as he was finishing
his studies at Wabash College in
Indiana, Mr. Ranschaert had
thought about going into busi-
ness. He kept hearing, though,
about a program created nearby
at the University of Notre Dame
called the Alliance for Catholic
Education, which put idealistic
young teachers in especially
needy schools. And he recalled
what his own Catholic education
had meant as a bulwark in a
childhood marked by his parents’
divorce and his brother’s nearly
fatal liver disease.
So now, 23 years old and five
months past graduating, he was
sitting at dinner in his gym shorts
and tank top, looking very much
the bro, but feeling a mixture of
anticipation and anxiety. He
wasn’t moving through his lesson
plans on schedule. He was having
to repeat so much material. Was
he giving his fifth graders every-
thing he meant to give?
“You try to trust that you have
an impact,” he said, “whether
they learn every thing or some
In his imperfect way, Mr. Ran-
schaert and his housemates —
Ruby Amezquita, David Bernica,
Kevin De La Montaigne, Matt
Gring, Rachel Hamilton, Eliza-
beth Shadley, Caitlin Wrend —
were filling not just an education-
al but a spiritual gap. Notre
Dame was providing them with
training in education and Catho-
lic theology, especially the social
teachings on service. They, in
turn, had committed two years of
their young lives.
Devoting themselves to soci-
ety’s overlooked and left-behind,
voluntarily accepting a wage of
$1,000 a month that is roughly at
the federal poverty line, living in
intentional Christian households,
the 1,600 teachers produced by
ACE in its 19-year history have
formed the 21st-century equiva-
lent of the sisters and brothers
from Catholic religious orders
whose sacrifices for decades sus-
tained the American parochial
school system.
“Perhaps the ACErs were an
anticipation of what the religious
life would look like in the next
generation,” the priest and au-
thor Andrew M. Greeley wrote in
his novel “The Bishop at the
The Rev. Nathan Wills, a for-
mer ACE teacher who recently
visited with the Tucson cohort,
looked backward for an analogy.
“It’s a reflection of the disciples,”
he said. “This is what the apos-
tles did when Jesus sent them to
teach. They set up communities
in the midst of difficult circum-
Thirteen hours after dinner,
now wearing shirt and tie, Mr.
Ranschaert stood before his stu-
dents at a 150-year-old mission
school on an Indian reservation
south of Tucson. The second peri-
od of his day was for religion
class, and today’s lesson was on
the Beatitudes.
Weaving through the rows, Mr.
intuit how he looked to the reser-
vation’s children — this white
dude in glasses and nice clothes,
what could ever have gone wrong
in his life? — he talked a little bit
about his brother’s illness and
the recent death of the grandfa-
ther who had been more like a
One pupil wrote, “When I was
being bullied.” Another wrote,
“When me and my BFF started
fighting.” And a third wrote,
“When my Dad went to jail.”
Mr. Ranschaert asked what
you could do for someone feeling
so hurt. He deflected the class
clown, who said, “Beat him up,”
and went on to the other an-
swers. “Hug them.” “Invite them
over.” “Give him a teddy bear.”
Then he talked about the forgive-
ness and mercy Jesus bestowed.
The religion period was almost
over. “When was a time,” Mr.
Ranschaert asked, “when you
forgave someone or someone for-
gave you?” The children ner-
vously giggled. It was the sound
of conscience being stirred.
Back at the rented house that
night, Father Wills came over to
celebrate Mass in the den, joking
about how he had bought the sac-
ramental wine at a convenience
store. Then came takeout pizza,
and some Monday-night football
on TV and the inevitable return
to the inevitably waiting home-
work. Lately, Mr. Ranschaert had
gotten a tip from Ms. Hamilton
and Ms. Amezquita, to assign his
fifth graders to each write him a
letter so he could then write back.
The children told him about their
favorite movies, what they did
over the weekend, whom they
had a crush on. They asked Mr.
Ranschaert if he was married
and had children. One boy, who had been so espe-
cially shy in class, invited the
teacher to come and watch his
youth-league football game. Mr.
Ranschaert wrote back to prom-
ise he would, just as his grandfa-
ther had always been there for
his baseball games. By touching
those children’s souls, he felt
something within his own.
“My faith wasn’t always the
strongest,” he said. “I didn’t go to
a Catholic college. I’d go to Mass
with my friends, but you get lost
in everything else. But I did want
to give something back. I did
want to show thanks for the tal-
ents I was given. Doing this
work, praying at dinner, it has
forced me to grow, and to build
these bonds.”
Daniel Ranschaert, in checked shirt, sharing down time with his housemates, teachers with the Alliance for Catholic Education,in their basement.
Serving Needy Schools, Brothers and Sisters of the 21st Century
Teachers like Mr. Ranschaert, top, and Caitlin Wrend, above,at
San Xavier Mission School are a modern equivalent of those
from religious orders who filled parochial schools in the past.
MIAMI — A judge in the sec-
ond-degree murder case against
George Zimmerman, the Sanford,
Fla., man who said he shot an un-
armed teenager, Trayvon Martin,
in self-defense, ruled on Friday
that Mr. Martin’s school and so-
cial media records should be pro-
vided to the defense.
The judge, Debra S. Nelson of
Seminole County Circuit Court,
said Mr. Martin’s Twitter, Face-
book and school records were rel-
evant in the self-defense case. In those instances, showing
whether a victim “had an alleged
propensity to violence” or ag-
gression is germane, the judge
said. Mr. Zimmerman, 29, who at-
tended the hearing, told the po-
lice that he shot Mr. Martin on
the night of Feb. 26 only after the
teenager attacked him, breaking
his nose and hurting his head. Mr. Martin, 17, was walking in
the rain back to a house where he
was a guest when he was spotted
by Mr. Zimmerman, the neigh-
borhood’s crime watch leader,
who found him suspicious. The
trial is scheduled to begin June
Hoping to create a fuller por-
trait of Mr.
Martin, Mark
M. O’Mara, Mr.
lawyer, argued
that the teen-
ager’s postings
on Facebook
and Twitter
could reveal
relevant details
about his inter-
ests and atti-
tudes. Mr. Martin had posted, among
other things, videos and pictures
that suggested he was somehow
involved in mixed martial arts,
Mr. O’Mara said after the hear-
ing. The school records are impor-
tant because Mr. Martin had
been suspended from his Miami
high school for 10 days for pos-
sessing a baggie with traces of
marijuana; the teenager had
been suspended twice before.
“The issue in this case is, who
did what during those couple of
minutes that we don’t know what
happened,” Mr. O’Mara said.
“Was the victim the aggressor?”
The defense also got permis-
sion for access to the social me-
dia postings of a Miami girl who
said she was on the phone with
Mr. Martin just before the shoot-
ing. Afterward, there were posts
online describing how she was
too devastated to attend school or
Mr. Martin’s memorial service,
Mr. O’Mara said in court.
“What I have seen online,” Mr.
O’Mara said, “contests those sug-
But Mr. O’Mara was quick to
acknowledge that persuading
Facebook and Twitter to release
information to him — if that is, in
fact, the only way he can get it —
would not be easy.
Asked later if he was ready to
battle the two social media com-
panies, he replied, “I’m not pre-
pared at all to take on Facebook
and Twitter.”
Appearing outside the court-
house, Mr. Martin’s mother and
father said they were distressed
by efforts to paint their son as the
“Trayvon was the victim,” said
Tracy Martin, Trayvon’s father.
“And I think it’s wrong that we at-
tack the victim.”
In a possible boost to his case,
Mr. O’Mara said that a Sanford
police sergeant — a prosecution
witness — stated during a deposi-
tion that the department’s top of-
ficers, several sergeants and a lo-
cal prosecutor agreed over sev-
eral meetings that there was not
enough evidence to bring
charges against Mr. Zimmerman.
Mr. O’Mara plans to depose the
sergeant again.
“This information was not oth-
erwise disclosed to us,” Mr.
O’Mara said. “A door gets cracked open a lit-
tle bit, then a lot more light rush-
es in.”
Judge Rules
Martin Files
Can Be Used
By Defense
George Zimmerman By CHARLIE SAVAGE
WASHINGTON — A judge on
Friday rejected a request for
hearings from three men impris-
oned by the United States mil-
itary for nearly a decade in Af-
ghanistan without trials. The
judge ruled that new information
was not sufficient to undermine a
previous appeals court ruling
against them.
The ruling by Judge John D.
Bates was a victory for the Oba-
ma administration and a blow to
efforts to extend to detainees at
the Parwan detention complex at
Bagram Air Base, north of Kabul,
the same habeas corpus rights
that the Supreme Court has
granted to similar prisoners at
Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.
The men are two Yemenis and
a Tunisian who say they were
captured outside Afghanistan
and are being held by mistake.
They want a judge to review the
evidence and order their release. In 2009, Judge Bates ruled that
they had a right to hearings. But
the Court of Appeals for the Dis-
trict of Columbia reversed him in
2010. It cited the government’s
declaration that the detention op-
eration was not permanent, the
practical obstacles raised by it
being in a war zone, and the po-
tential negative diplomatic con-
Their lawyers, Tina Foster and
Ramzi Kassem, argued, however,
that new evidence had called into
question the basis for that ruling.
Among other things, they not-
ed, the United States is turning
over most Afghan detainees, but
not non-Afghan ones, to Afghan
control. A court is now holding
trials at Bagram. And President
Hamid Karzai’s chief of staff said
the Afghan government did not
want custody of non-Afghan de-
tainees captured outside the
country and favored “adjudica-
tion of their case” by a court.
The Justice Department ar-
gued that the appeals court’s ra-
tionale remained valid. The judge
portrayed the material as mixed,
adding, “More important than
these arguments, however, is the
fact that the court simply sees no
way to accept petitioners’ argu-
ment under the framework laid
out by the D.C. Circuit.”
Ms. Foster said the men would
appeal. The United States is holding
about 50 non-Afghans at Bagram,
about a dozen of whom were cap-
tured outside of Afghanistan.
Judge Denies Hearing Request From 3 Afghanistan Detainees
Keystone Pipeline Expected to Restart
TransCanada said it planned to resume moving oil
through its 2,100-mile Keystone XL pipeline on Sat-
urday. The pipeline was shut down on Wednesday
after tests indicated potential problems in a section
running from Illinois to Missouri. Heavy rains have
slowed inspection efforts, but the company said it
expected oil to resume flowing on Saturday. A fed-
eral inspector has been sent to the site. A company
spokesman said no leaks had been detected but de-
clined to provide more details until the inspection
was completed. The pipeline carries about 590,000
barrels of crude a day from Canada’s oil sands to fa-
cilities in the Midwest. (AP)
California: Donation Under Scrutiny
The group California Common Cause on Friday
asked the state’s campaign finance watchdog to in-
vestigate an $11 million political contribution from a
nonprofit group based in Phoenix, as Gov. Jerry
Brown called on the donors to “show their faces.”
The contribution was received this week by the
Small Business Action Committee PAC, a political
action committee based in Orange County that is
campaigning against a tax initiative by Mr. Brown
and in favor of one that would erode union power.
California Common Cause called the donation from
the group, Americans for Responsible Leadership,
possibly the largest “secret political donation in Cali-
fornia history.” It asked the California Fair Political
Practices Commission to investigate under a new
campaign finance law that requires groups to dis-
close the source of money to be used for political ac-
tivity. (AP)
South Carolina: Diocese Leaves Church
After years of controversy over the ordination of
gays and other issues, the conservative Diocese of
South Carolina split from the Episcopal Church this
week. The split came after the leader of the diocese,
Bishop Mark Lawrence, was notified by the Dis-
ciplinary Board for Bishops that he was considered
to have abandoned the national church. A board con-
sidered similar issues a year ago and reached the
opposite conclusion. The diocese has 70 congrega-
tions with about 29,000 parishioners. (AP)
Inauguration Web Site Is Established
Congress has set up a Web site and a Facebook page
as it prepares for the 57th presidential inauguration
on Jan. 21. The Web site includes information about
the inauguration and about past ceremonies, ac-
cording to Senator Charles E. Schumer, a New York
Democrat who is a member of the Joint Congres-
sional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. The
Web site is at, and the
Facebook page is at (AP) National Briefing AVE MARIA CHAPEL
Catholic Traditionalist
210 MAPLE AVE (off Post Ave)
TEL:(516) 333-6470
@9:30 a.m.
When Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg
announced that the city was planning to
develop new super-small apartments —
called “microunits” — it represented
another step toward his ambitious goal
of building or preserving 165,000 homes
for poor and moderate-income families
across New York by 2014.
But some housing advocates, commu-
nity leaders and elected officials say
this latest proposal only highlights that
one demographic group has been left
out: large, poor families. This group includes members as dis-
parate as West Africans in the South
Bronx, Hasidic Jews in Brooklyn and
Bangladeshi in Queens,who are united
by their inability to afford the high
prices for large market-rate rentals and
their inability to find publicly subsidized
alternatives even as the overall housing
stock has swelled. So Mahamadou Tounkara and his
wife and six children squeeze into one
room of a market-rate, three-bedroom
apartment in the South Bronx that they
share with two other families because
they cannot afford the monthly $1,112
rent alone. Twenty more large families
at their mosque are in a similar bind
even as several new city-financed build-
ings have risen nearby.
“It’s hard to live like this,” said Mr.
Tounkara, who is a part-time auto me-
chanic. “You want more space, but if
you don’t have money, how are you go-
ing to pay for it?” The overwhelming majority of city-
financed housing has consisted of small-
er apartments — studios, one- and two-
bedrooms — in part because city offi-
cials see the greatest need for them
based on demographic patterns, and be-
cause many developers say the city pro-
vides subsidies for projects in a way
that does not encourage building larger
apartments. The shortage of housing
for bigger families has been exacerbat-
ed because many of the existing apart-
ments with three or more bedrooms in
the city’s public housing stock currently
have only one or two occupants.
The struggles of these families come
as those who have long applauded the
efforts of the mayor, who has been cred-
ited with overseeing the city’s largest
expansion of affordable housing since
the 1980s, look more closely at the re-
sults. “We’ve learned as a community that
having a big number to shoot for is im-
portant,” said Bernie Carr, the coordina-
tor for Housing First, a coalition of
groups. “But if you focus too much on it,
it can be easy to lose a sense of where
are the specific needs.”
The issue has also raised the question
of whether it is fair to focus limited re-
sources on a small minority. Just 11 per-
cent of the city’s 3.1 million households
have five people or more, with the larg-
est share in the Bronx, Brooklyn and
Queens, according to an analysis of cen-
sus data by Queens College. Citywide,
the average household size is 2.5.
“It’s not the city’s job to give open-
ended subsidies and reward people for
having more members in the family,”
said Nicole Gelinas, a senior fellow at
the Manhattan Institute for Policy Re-
search. “It is responsible behavior not
to have children until you can reason-
ably support them.”
When the city approved a plan in 2009
for a large percentage of multibedroom
apartments in a new affordable housing
Some See Little Room for Large, Poor Families in Mayor’s Housing Plan
Continued on Page A21
Google me, Travis Tremell said. See
what comes up. The first item on the screen is a short
2006 article in The New York Times.
The headline read, “Man
Charged in Killing After
Brooklyn Robbery.”
Travis Tremell’s was the
first name that popped up in
the article. The second was
Earl Williams, shot dead in a
Bedford-Stuyvesant basement two
weeks before. Now, almost six years later, Mr. Tre-
mell said, “I was arrested for a murder I
didn’t do.” That he said this standing on a sunny
Brooklyn sidewalk, not inside a prison,
lent him some credibility.
None of Travis Tremell’s Google hits
call himan angel. The eldest of his
mother’s five children, Mr. Tremell,
then 21, was charged with selling crack
earlier that year. He pleaded guilty and,
after two months in jail, was ordered to
enter a drug program for the remainder
of his sentence. On Dec. 15, 2006, the drug program
not yet completed, Mr. Tremell was
walking to the store for a “loosie” ciga-
rette. “A black truck pulled up, and a
couple of fugitive officers got out,” he
said. They arrested him and charged
him with killing a man he swore he had
never heard of. On Dec. 2, 2006, at 6:28 p.m. — the
time would prove important — three
armed robbers forced their way into an
apartment at 131 Decatur Street. There
was little to steal, and at some point, a
neighbor named Earl Williams was
“summoned” to the basement via cell-
phone, the witnesses said. Mr. Williams was 52, originally from
Montgomery, Ala., and soon to be wed.
He answered the call, went to the apart-
ment and was shot in the shoulder, a
wound that sounds less severe than it
was, for he was struck from the side and
the bullet passed horizontally through
his chest, piercing both lungs. He died a
few hours later. Three witnesses picked Mr. Tremell
out of a lineup or from photos, the police
said. “I did not rob anyone,” he told de-
tectives, according to a police report.
“Who said that I did it? I did not do it.” His drug sentence unfinished, the
young man was shipped upstate to pris-
on. The murder charge upgraded him to
maximum-security status, and he went
to Attica Correctional Facility. He was uneasy, but his mother was
terrified. She visited him, and brought
along her 5-year-old son, Devante, who,
now 11, remembers it well. “I saw some
big people, and he was scared and
smaller than them,” Devante said this
week. Of his mother, he said, “She was
getting depressed and losing weight
and her hair was falling out.” Mr. Tremell told his mother, “I could
prove it wasn’t me.” He told his appoint-
ed lawyer, David T. Roche, that he had
called a car service to take him to see a
girlfriend in Park Slope that afternoon. Mr. Roche called United Express Car
and Limo Service, and there it was, call
No. 1688, originating at Mr. Tremell’s
aunt’s house in Bedford-Stuyvesant,
destination Eighth Avenue. The time
was 5:40 p.m. Mr. Tremell said that after
visiting his girlfriend, he took another
car service home, after walking directly
to a dispatcher’s office. That service
told Mr. Roche that visits like that
should be logged, but usually are not. Mr. Roche drove the route himself.
Could Mr. Tremell have gone to Park
Slope and back in 48 minutes? It would
have been tight. Mr. Tremell’s story
seemed more likely.“It has the ring of
truth to it,” Mr. Roche said. As the alibi developed, the prosecu-
tors seemed to have found other evi-
dence clearing Mr. Tremell, and the
charges against him were dismissed on
April 4, 2007, almost four months after
his arrest. He got the news in a Brook-
lyn courtroom, only to be shipped back
to Attica for another month, still serving
his drug sentence. Asked what Attica
was like, Mr. Tremell just stared. “You can’t just go to jail and come
home normal,” he said. He dwells — and
dwells — on the article people can read
online, about the murder charge, and he
thinks it cost him financial aid at a col-
lege he applied to. He is out of work, but
concedes he hasn’t been looking very
hard. He assumes the arrest will keep
an employer from hiring him. He reads the article on the computer
“and just stares,” his mother said.
Why was an article about his exoner-
ation never written? Pick a reason.
There is no indication it was announced
by the prosecution or the police, and
neither Mr. Tremell nor his family or
lawyer called reporters with the news.
The homicide was not the sort of high-
profile case that led newspapers to rou-
tinely update its status. It went unno-
ticed. By chance, Mr. Tremell ran into a
photographer for The Times, Todd Heis-
ler, this summer and told him his story.
Now there is a new hit on Google. There are two suspects in Mr. Wil-
liams’s murder, the police said. Both are
in federal prison on other charges. An Arrest in the News,
An Exoneration in Silence
Travis Tremell, 26,was charged
in 2006 with a murder in Brook-
lynthat he didnot commit. MICHAEL
SCENE E-mail: Twitter: @mwilsonnyt ON E-MAIL:
“I did send a few
e-mails. The first one
I sent 16 times.”
Sally Anderson, 78
“People say, ‘What if there is an
emergency?’ I say,
‘There’s nine people
around me who have
one.’ I’ve never had
that emergency, and
neither have they.”
Sandy Guzik, 72
“I think it’s going to
end badly, this lack of
contact in the world.”
Bob Moran, 76
“It was fascinating.
But it’s not my
generation,so I didn’t
know what he was
talking about half the time.”
Robert McCarl, 81
Better Informed,
But Still Skeptical
Comments from people who
attended an Aging Well seminar
on Wi-Fi and smartphones at the
First Presbyterian Church in
Greenwich Village on Thursday.
Mary Kipin, 82, has a computer, but all she
really uses it for is to play bridge. Marie Mutz,
also in her 80s, is eager to find out what a PDF is
— “I’m waiting for my neighbor to tell me,” she
said. Sally Anderson, 78, has been promising her-
self a new computer for years — her old one was a
dial-up that spent the bulk of the early aughts
gathering dust. “I did send a few e-mails,” Ms. An-
derson, who lives near Gramercy Park, said. “The
first one I sent 16 times.” Thus did the three women find themselves in
a ground-floor room, bathed in fluorescence,on
Thursday at the First Presbyterian Church, in
Greenwich Village, just north of Washington
Square Park. Every month the church hosts a
seminar as part of its Aging Well series, and on
this night the topic was “What’s Wi-Fi and Do I
Really Need a Smartphone?” New York may be
one of the most wired, smartphone addicted-
slash-addled cities in the nation, but the pace of
the technological leaps has left a lot of older peo-
ple behind, wondering what they were missing
and whether it was worth finding out.
About three dozen people attended, most in
their 70s and 80s. Many came armed with an-
swers of their own. Whatever Wi-Fi was, it sound-
ed a little scary, untrustworthy or hopelessly com-
plicated. As for smartphones, they had turned
people, body snatcher-like, into distracted drones. “They’ve dropped out of social intercourse
on the street,” said Bob Moran, a 76-year-old
mostly retired social worker who owns a dying
computer but no cellphone. Mr. Moran said he cursed out people who
chatted on smartphones in restaurants or who
texted their way down sidewalks, heads in that
telltale bend. “I think it’s going to end badly, this
lack of contact in the world,” he said. Sandy Guzik, 72, proud to own neither a
smartphone nor a cellphone, was there “so I can
tell people even more about why I don’t want
“People say, ‘What if there’s an emergency?’
I say, ‘There’s nine people around me who have
one,’” she said. “I’ve never had that emergency,
and neither have they.”
“I’ve seen children neglected,” she added
darkly. “I’ve seen friends neglected.”
Several others said they were there for the
light dinner that was served beforehand — $7 a
head for cold cuts on baguettes with tortilla chips,
soda, coffee and a pastry. Still, the place really
filled in at 6:45 p.m., when the seminar began. Robert Finkenthal stood before them, a tech-
nology trainer at NYU Langone Medical Center
who spent six years working at a nonprofit or-
ganization that specialized in teaching technology
to older people. Many of his elderly students felt
fearful or anxious about technology, he said be-
forehand, or were embarrassed about not being in
the digital mainstream. “The worst is not knowing
what it is, not knowing how to get there, and
knowing that everyone around you is completely
hooked in,” Mr. Finkenthal said.
PowerPoint slides glowed on a roll-down
screen. Mr. Finkenthal explained what smart-
phones were, and what the differences between
them were, and what apps were.
“Has anybody heard of Angry Birds?” he
asked. Murmurs followed. Not one hand went up.
He moved onto Wi-Fi.
“WiFi,” a seminar participant wrote on
a pad of paper, adding the phonetic pronun-
ciation for Wi: “Y.” After an hour and a half, Mr. Finkenthal
took questions. Do all smartphones have In-
ternet connections? Is there a way to turn
the Internet off? Did he use a headset and
was he concerned about radiation? Could
you watch an Audrey Hepburn movie on
your phone?
Afterward, the Rev. Richard Pease, who
organizes the seminars, thanked Mr. Finken-
thal, saying, “I’m too old to understand this,
but I think it’s great.” The audience began filtering out. Ms.
Guzik said the seminar reinforced her re-
solve to never get Wi-Fi. The Internet was ad-
dictive enough, she said; when she logged on at li-
braries, whole afternoons vanished. Ms. Anderson said that when she did get
around to buying a computer, she would be sure
to get wireless, to obviate the need for wires. Robert McCarl, 81, found it terrifying that
smartphones could pinpoint the user’s location.
“They could put a bomb on your head anytime,”
he said. Who could? “Your enemies,” he replied.
“Your slobbering enemies.” Still, Mr. McCarl
deemed Mr. Finkenthal’s presentation “terrific.”
“It was fascinating,” he said as he rose to
leave. “But it’s not my generation, so I didn’t
know what he was talking about half the time.”
In a City Drunk on Wi-Fi, a Generation of Teetotalers
An Aging Well seminar on technol-
ogy, above, led by Robert Finken-
thal, in Greenwich Village this week. A20
A team of 15 is caring for him
around the clock. His favorite toy
is a plastic bucket. He has taken
swimmingly to a large pool. And
on Friday, he had his first taste of
solid food — surf clams.
“He’s hitting every milestone
we’re hoping to see,” said Jon
Forrest Dohlin, director of the
New York Aquarium in Coney Is-
land, Brooklyn, part of the Wild-
life Conservation Society. “He
still has some issues with his
bladder, but they are trending in
the right direction. Behaviorally,
he’s doing great and we’re feeling
good about his progress.”
He was describing Mitik, or
Mit for short, one of two walrus
calves separated from a herd in
the Artic Ocean and orphaned in
Alaska in July. The Alaska Sea-
Life Center took them in and
found new homes for each. (The
other walrus, Pakak, went to the
Indianapolis Zoo.) The New York
Aquarium, eager for a young
companion for its two older wal-
ruses, stepped up, flying a staff
member, Martha Hiatt, to Alaska
to work with Mit for a month.
On Oct. 11, Ms. Hiatt, the aquar-
ium’s behavioral husbandry su-
pervisor, along with a veterinari-
an, accompanied Mit on a FedEx
cargo jet from Anchorage to
Newark. The walrus, believed to
be about 16 weeks old, stayed in
his crate during the six-hour
flight. “It was loud,” Ms. Hiatt
said of the trip. “He pretty much
sang to us the entire time. We
stayed with him, talked to him
and hosed him off now and then.”
At the aquarium,Mit has
adapted to his new environment,
a state-of-the-art medical facility
built in 2008 that was designed
for marine mammals. There is a
large, eight-foot-deep pool that is
a considerable leap from the one
he used in Alaska. “He’s in it
from the time he wakes up to the
time he goes to sleep,” Ms. Hiatt
said this week. “He’s a big swim-
mer. He plays and swims literally
until he falls asleep.”
With his curious, playful per-
sonality and expressive eyes, it is
tempting, aquarium officials say,
to think of Mit as a big, slippery
toddler. (The giant bottle of for-
mula does not help.) He still
needs — and receives — a lot of
human contact. “He likes us to be
physical, grab his flippers and
roll him over,” Ms. Hiatt said.
“And he still really loves to snug-
gle in close.”
But the veterinarian techni-
cians and keepers caring for Mit
are trying to dial that physicality
back a bit, both for their safety
and his own good. For one thing,
he now weighs 242 pounds, a size
that could start to pose risks for
staff members. More important,
Mit must begin to identify with
his own species, in preparation
for his eventual debut in the wal-
rus exhibit. “We want to make sure that we
don’t give him so much contact
that the day he actually meets his
buddies he’s more interested in
us than the other walruses,” Ms.
Hiatt said. “He needs to know
he’s a walrus.”
Still, much of Mit’s day con-
sists of play, which helps his de-
velopment and encourages his
cooperation during medical pro-
cedures and feedings. One of his
favorite activities is to scoop up a
giant white bucket with holes
through it. “He loves to run
around with that on his head and
vocalize,” Ms. Hiatt said. “I think
it echoes. And we put our faces
up to the holes and shout in
One interesting quirk of Mit’s
was his initial aversion to wom-
en. At the Alaska SeaLife Center,
he gradually adjusted to his fe-
male caregivers, but Ms. Hiatt
said she thought that Mit might
regress after the stress of his trek
east. So for now, Mit’s entourage
of trainers, technicians and keep-
ers is entirely female. “He was
rescued by a group of men, and
he showed a great preference for
men after that,” Ms. Hiatt ex-
He had better get used to the
opposite sex. Sometime next
spring, Mit will join the two other
walruses at the aquarium, both
females: 30-year-old Nuka and
17-year-old Kulu.
Baby Walrus Adapts to Life in City
Martha Hiatt of the New York Aquarium with Mitik,who was separated from his herd in Alaska.
Thompson Davis climbed off
the sidewalk into an old silver
trailer with no door. “This is a
park?” he asked, eyeing the beds
of rubber tree plants, goldenrods
and white snakeroot within.
“It’s a trailer park,” Kim Holle-
man answered. “But I’ve been to a trailer park
before,” Mr. Davis, 25, said after
some consideration. “This is dif-
Indeed it is. Ms. Holleman’s en-
vironmental artwork “Trailer
Park” is a nature preserve built
inside a 1984 Coachmen Travel
Trailer that has traveled New
York City since 2006. On Wednes-
day last week, it made a stop on
an industrial block in East Wil-
liamsburg, Brooklyn.
Some visitors had questions.
“Wow, are these really grow-
ing?” Brianna Stachowski, 25,
asked as she brushed a shrub
growing up and out of a skylight.
Others, like a 5-year-old named
Rosa, offered exclamations:
“Tiene pescados!” she said,
pointing at a miniature fish pond.
The mobile garden bills itself
as the only place in the city
where you need to go inside to go
outside. Once you’re outside,
which is really inside, it’s a
breath of fresh air. The 14-by-8-foot “park” is a
condensed version, or perhaps an
excerpt, of what you might find at
a conventional park. A narrow
aisle of hand-laid brick is flanked
by raised beds overflowing with
grasses and flowers. There are
benches for those who want to
read, socialize or simply enjoy a
snack. Glassless skylights fill the
space with air and light, and even
snow in the winter. Birds and
bees have been known to flutter
in to do bird and bee things.
Ms. Holleman, 39, a multidisci-
plinary artist from Tampa, Fla.,
said she came up with “Trailer
Park” “to make the statement in
a heavy way, that if we didn’t
change our ways, there would be
no more nature left to go to, and
we’d be put in the unfortunate po-
sition of putting nature inside to
protect it — from us.” Since the trailer’s debut at the
Storefront for Art and Architec-
ture in downtown Manhattan, she
has transported it to nearly every
institution that has requested its
The trailer, pulled behind a
U-Haul truck, also makes sponta-
neous appearances, like last
week’s pop-up on Bogart Street
in East Williamsburg, a few
blocks from the lot where Ms.
Holleman keeps it. (She an-
nounces the trailer’s perambula-
tions on Twitter and Facebook
and to her mailing list.)
While “Trailer Park” may have
started as a call to heal the envi-
ronment, Ms. Holleman said she
had seen that something as sim-
ple as a trailer filled with plants
could also heal the people who
visited it.
Last month, she said, at the do-
it-yourself technology show Mak-
er Faire in Queens, a father kept
bringing his son back every hour
or so. “He told me that his son
loved robots but has Asperger’s
and gets easily overstimulated,”
Ms. Holleman said. “So when his
son would become overloaded by
the thousands of people and the
sounds and the machines and ro-
bots everywhere, he would take
his son back to my ‘Trailer Park’
so he could recover.”
The trailer’s guest book in-
cludes hundreds of haikus, odes
and love letters. A visitor named
Jesus wrote: “Dear Park, I like
you this way. I like you for who
you are on the inside. It’s like I
see less and less of you on the
street.” Another guest wrote, “If
every block in NYC had one of
these, crime would go down.”
The trailer has occasionally at-
tracted unwanted attention. “The
park has no door, so anyone can
come in at night, and I once start-
ed to get the sense that a man
was doing bad things in here,”
Ms. Holleman said as she fixed a
stray piece of moss. “I would
come back in the morning and be
like, oh, he’s been here again, be-
cause there would be random
burn marks on the wall or pieces
of litter stuffed in corners.” The intruder turned out to be a
patient at a local veteran’s hos-
pice, and Ms. Holleman decided
not to involve the police. “It’s not
about getting the guy in trouble,
you know? He just needed help.”
Other than that, though, and
“Good Art” graffiti-sprayed
across the back, the trailer has
gone largely unmolested. “People
see it as theirs; it’s like a people’s
park,” Ms. Holleman said.
On Bogart Street last week, the
people certainly seemed appre-
“We normally just sit on the
street, but then we saw this,” said
Adrian Buckmaster, 57, as he sa-
vored the last few bites of a
strawberry FrozFruit on a bench
beneath a skylight. “This is bet-
To Flourish,
Nature Park
Doesn’t Put
Down Roots
“Trailer Park,” an exhibition
created by Kim Holleman,
above left, is, simply, a park in
a trailer, with grass, rubber
tree plants, even a fish pond. By SAM ROBERTS
Scott Anderson grew up out-
side Boston and eventually
moved to San Francisco, but
when he started a technology
company in 2001, he moved to
New York.
“The opportunity I perceived
in New York was far greater,” Mr.
Anderson said. “Better talent,
fertile business environs, and
thriving and vibrant culture to
support it all,” he added. He rent-
ed an office in the Woolworth
Building and settled his family in
Fort Greene, Brooklyn.
“I have a 10-minute commute
to school, to drop off the kids, and
then another 10 minutes to my of-
fices in Lower Manhattan, or
LoMa, as it is being called,” Mr.
Anderson, 40, said.
Nataly Yackanich works on
Wall Street and lives 20 minutes
away in Hoboken, N.J. “We briefly considered the
suburbs a few years ago, but
ruled it out fairly quickly, as we
felt we would never see our kids”
because of the commuting in-
volved, she said.
After suffering through a loss
of jobs and residents in the af-
termath of the Sept. 11 attacks,
Lower Manhattan has undergone
a renaissance; two new studies
show that downtown has become
a magnet.
Between 2000 and 2010, the
Census Bureau reported last
month, the population within a
two-mile radius of City Hall bal-
looned by nearly 40,000 people. A separate analysis for the
Downtown Alliance, a coalition of
property owners, released on Fri-
day, concluded that neighbor-
hoods in Manhattan, Brooklyn
and New Jersey within a 30-
minute commute of downtown
experienced an increase in the
population of young, educated
Lower Manhattan itself grew,
in part as a result of incentives,
including subsidies and mass
transit improvements, intended
to spur a rebound after Sept. 11. “Today, Lower Manhattan is
surrounded by communities that
have an increasing share of the
region’s high-value workers,
while the far-off bedroom com-
munities in Long Island, New
York and Connecticut have seen
their shares shrink,” the Down-
town Alliance analysis found. “Our study has shown a pro-
found shift in the greater New
York region in where the talented
labor pool wants to live,” said
Elizabeth H. Berger, the presi-
dent of the alliance, which man-
ages the local business improve-
ment district.
“Why aren’t people moving to
the suburbs?” she added. “One
thing we hear anecdotally is they
like the shorter commute.We
wanted to validate all the anec-
dotal evidence.”
The analysis of census data by
the Downtown Alliance found
717,000 college-educated people
between 18 and 44 living within a
30-minute commute of Lower
Manhattan in 2010 — 172,000
more than a decade earlier. “If these growth trends contin-
ue,” the analysis said, “it will not
be long before the young, educat-
ed population of areas surround-
ing Lower Manhattan outranks
that found in all of Long Island;
Hudson Valley, N.Y.; and south-
ern Connecticut combined.” Already, the number of cre-
ative and professional workers
(in fields like advertising, media,
arts, finance, insurance and real
estate) in neighborhoods 30 min-
utes or less from downtown out-
number those workers who live
on Long Island, in Westchester
County and in other parts of the
Hudson Valley and southern Con-
necticut, the analysis concluded. The biggest gains among those
workers were in two areas — the
Newport-Grove Street-Jersey
City Heights area on the New
Jersey waterfront and Williams-
burg and Greenpoint in Brooklyn,
each of which had an increase of
more than 10,000 residents. Ryan Farnsworth, 31, lives in
TriBeCa and walks to work at
Frank Crystal & Company, an in-
surance brokerage near Wall
Street, where he is an associate
director. He and his wife moved
to Lower Manhattan from Utah
in 2005 and returned downtown
after a stint in California. “Once
we moved back to New York a
year later with a 9-month-old
baby,” he said, “we did not con-
sider the suburbs at all because
we knew what downtown had to
offer for young families and
young professionals.” Kristi Nowicki, an account ex-
ecutive at Aon Global Americas,
moved to Hoboken a decade ago
because of its proximity to work. “I’ve gone through several cy-
cles of life in Hoboken, single,
married and now we have two
children,” she said. “At each
change in my life, my husband
and I evaluated a move to the
’burbs, but never wanted to do
Adam Mietus, a risk officer at
Morgan Stanley, also lives in Ho-
boken, where he moved in 2007
from Norwalk, Conn. “The move
changed my commute from two
hours to about 30 minutes,” he re-
called. “My wife felt like a single
parent before the move, and I
was barely seeing my 3-year-old
daughter during the week.”
For Mr. Anderson, who has the
tech company, living in Brooklyn
means not only a relatively easy
commute to downtown, but also a
far different childhood for his
children than what he experi-
enced growing up in the Boston
“The social education they re-
ceive by living in diverse neigh-
borhoods is much different than
the suburbs, where, historically,
things can be a bit more segre-
gated and you typically get in a
car to get from one place to an-
other without social interaction,”
he said.
Downtown and Environs Enjoy a Population Boom NICOLE BENGIVENO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ryan and Shanna Farnsworth chose TriBeCa over suburbia. By ANDY NEWMAN
George Carlin may get his Way
after all. After a contentious
yearlong battle, the community
board in Morningside Heights
approved a compromise measure
Thursday night to rename a sec-
tion of the comedian’s childhood
street after him.
The compromise is that the
block of West 121st Street that Mr.
Carlin lived on would not be re-
named; instead, the block east of
it would. Mr. Carlin’s own block is
also home to Corpus Christi
Church and its school, his alma
mater, both of them frequent tar-
gets of his unprintable irrever-
ence, and the church had ob-
jected strenuously to the original
The 25-to-4 vote of Community
Board 9, with three abstentions,
sends the renaming on to the City
Council, which is expected to in-
clude it in its next semiannual
bulk-street-renaming bill. Such
bills usually pass without contro-
The block that would become
George Carlin Way is the 400
block, between Amsterdam Ave-
nue and Morningside Drive. Mr.
Carlin, who died in 2008, grew up
on the 500 block, between Am-
sterdam and Broadway.
Kevin Bartini, a comedian who
has led the renaming effort, pro-
nounced himself satisfied.
“At the end of the day, our goal
was to get a sign to commem-
orate George Carlin, and we’re
much closer to that goal,” he said
on Friday. “And it took the church
out of the equation, so now we
have really no known opposi-
tion.” The vote was first reported
by The Columbia Spectator.
The Rev. Raymond Rafferty of
Corpus Christi Church, who had
spoken out against the renaming,
was not available for comment on
Panel Votes to Rename Block (Not His) for George Carlin
Oct. 19, 2012
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Lottery Numbers News and
tion from the
five boroughs:
City Room
Planted in Camper
As Mobile Artwork
How young readers depicted
Mitik the walrus:
The chief of an elite New York
Police Department unit that was
involved in two high-profile fatal
shootings in less than a month
will be transferred to a post in
Queens, according to a police or-
der issued this week.
Police Commissioner Raymond
W. Kelly issued the order on
Wednesday to move Deputy
Chief James G. Molloy, the head
of the Emergency Service Unit,
to run the Queens detective bu-
reau. Chief Molloy, who officers
say is generally well liked and re-
spected, is to be replaced by Vin-
cent Giordano, a deputy chief in
the counterterrorism unit, effec-
tive Monday. The move follows two deadly
police shootings that have cast a
harsh light on the Emergency
Service Unit, a highly trained di-
vision of the department often
called upon to perform some of
its most dangerous tasks.
It was not immediately clear
whether the move came in re-
action to recent events or as a re-
sult of Chief Molloy’s tenure at
the helm of the unit, which at four
years could be considered long.
Chief Molloy, 51, joined the police
force in 1982 and has served in
about a dozen precincts, detec-
tive bureaus and narcotics
On Sept. 25, emergency service
officers shot and killed Mohamed
Bah, 28, in the doorway of his
Harlem apartment after he
lunged at officers with a knife,
stabbing two officers in their pro-
tective vests. Three officers fired
10 bullets after twice using a Tas-
er and also firing a rubber bullet,
the police have said. Relatives have questioned
whether officers used proper pro-
cedures in dealing with Mr. Bah
and other people classified by the
police as “emotionally dis-
turbed.” His sister has said police
did not allow their mother to
speak to Mr. Bah through the
doorway before the shooting.
About 20 minutes after their ar-
rival, Emergency Service Unit of-
ficers broke the lock on the apart-
ment door and tried to slip a cam-
era into the apartment. Mr. Bah
then flung open the door and
charged at them with a knife, the
police said.
Just over a week later, an offi-
cer from the elite unit fired a sin-
gle shot that killed Noel Polanco,
an unarmed 22-year-old National
Guardsman who was pulled over
for driving erratically in the early
hours of Oct. 4. A lawyer for the
officer, Detective Hassan Hamdy,
said his client believed Mr. Polan-
co was reaching for a weapon un-
der the driver’s seat. A woman
riding with Mr. Polanco said he
kept his hands on the wheel and
that the gun went off before he
had a chance to comply with po-
lice orders to raise them. No
weapon was found in the car,
though a small power drill was on
the floor in front of the driver’s
seat, the police said.
Norman Siegel, the lawyer rep-
resenting Mr. Bah’s family, said
on Friday that the transfer of
Chief Molloy was “good news”
from the family’s perspective.
“This raises
a strong possi-
bility that he
was trans-
ferred because
the police com-
missioner de-
termined that
the shooting
death of
Mohamed Bah
was improper
and did not
comport with N.Y.P.D. protocol,”
Mr. Siegel said. “Here Mr. Bah is,
in the apartment by himself. He’s
not going anywhere. There is no
reason to rush in and create a sit-
uation where the result was that
Mr. Bah was shot to death. The
protocol says you wait; you wait
him out.”
Chief Molloy did not return a
call to his office Friday afternoon.
Paul J. Browne, the chief spokes-
man for the Police Department,
declined to comment on the
transfer. Roy T. Richter, presi-
dent of the Captains Endowment
Association, the union that repre-
sents Chief Molloy, described the
transfer as a “step up.” Mr. Rich-
ter said he did not believe the
transfer was linked to the recent
fatal shootings.
“The timing is unfortunate, but
no, I don’t see it as having any-
thing to do with those incidents,”
Mr. Richter said, adding that
Chief Molloy has led a “very suc-
cessful career with ever-increas-
ing responsibilities” attached to
each transfer.
“He is taking over Queens de-
tectives, which is a high-profile
job,” Mr. Richter said. “It follows
the career path that prior com-
manding officers of the Emergen-
cy Service Unit have taken. A
transfer such as this is a normal
progression in the career path of
a high-ranking chief in the Police
Commissioner Kelly appointed
Chief Molloy to head the Emer-
gency Service Unit in September
2008, and he took the reins only
days after the death of a man be-
lieved to be emotionally dis-
turbed during a standoff with of-
ficers from the unit.
At the time, the police said the
decision to appoint Chief Molloy
reflected Commissioner Kelly’s
desire to have a higher-ranking
officer in charge. (He replaced
the acting commander, a deputy
inspector.) Sanford A. Ruben-
stein, a lawyer representing Mr.
Polanco’s family, said of the
transfer, “It’s interesting that it’s
happened at this time, and we’d
like to know if it’s connected to
the investigation into the wrong-
ful death of Noel Polanco.” The Queens district attorney’s
office is investigating the shoot-
ing; Michael Palladino, president
of the Detectives’ Endowment
Association, the union represent-
ing Detective Hamdy, did not re-
turn a phone call Friday.
Chief of an Elite Police Unit Involved in Two Fatal Shootings Is Reassigned
Deputy Chief
James Molloy
percent were four-bedroom or
larger. Those apartments, howev-
er, do not open up often, with
three-bedrooms occupied for an
average of 24.8 years, and four-
bedrooms for 22.9 years, com-
pared with 10.1 years for studios
and 16.1 years for one-bedrooms. Housing authority officials said
many of the multibedroom apart-
ments were unavailable for large
families despite being “underutil-
ized”; currently, one or two peo-
ple occupy 14,597 three-bedroom
apartments, 1,354 four-bedroom
apartments and 159 five-bed-
rooms. They said that those ten-
ants would eventually be moved
to smaller apartments, but that
the process was slow because
even smaller units had long wait-
ing lists: about 91,000 people for
studios or one-bedrooms, 62,000
for two-bedrooms, and 14,000 for
three-bedrooms or larger. The city’s expansion of afford-
able housing has been overseen
primarily by the Department of
Housing Preservation and Devel-
opment, which has provided bil-
lions of dollars in subsidies to pri-
vate developers who design and
carry out projects that were re-
viewed by the agency. By the de-
partment’s count, 124,418 of the
165,000 promised housing units
had been completed through fis-
cal year 2011. Of those, 65 percent
— 81,393 units — were preserva-
tions of existing units, and 35 per-
cent — 43,025 units — were new
But it is not clear how many of
those units were three-bedroom
apartments or larger because the
department was unable to pro-
vide a complete breakdown of
apartments by unit size. Instead,
it supplied that data for only
65,796, units, or 53 percent, say-
ing it had only recently started
tallying such information.
The partial data showed that
large units had been a low priori-
ty in new building projects: 3,660
three-bedrooms, 57 four-bed-
rooms, no five- or six-bedrooms. “Our goal is to target our re-
sources as efficiently and effec-
tively as possible,” a spokesman
for the housing department, Eric
Bederman, said in a statement.
“While data shows that house-
holds of four people or less make
up the vast majority of the pop-
ulation, we have worked to en-
sure that we are balancing our
city’s needs while also serving a
diversity” of family sizes.
Many developers said, howev-
er, that the city’s longtime prac-
tice of awarding subsidies for af-
fordable-housing projects based
on the total number of units
planned, regardless of size, had
discouraged building larger
apartments. A developer would
receive more money by packing a
building with studios or one-bed-
rooms than with larger apart-
ments that take up more space
but still count as single units. In the Bronx, for instance, a
2008 project was originally de-
signed with 28 units, of which 5
were to be three-bedrooms. But
the developer, PWB Manage-
ment Corporation, eventually
eliminated the three-bedrooms to
squeeze in more of the smaller
apartments to bring the total unit
count to 32. Peter Bourbeau, a co-
owner of the company, said the
additional four units netted an-
other $240,000 in subsidies — at
$60,000 per unit — and increased
the rental income “to put us over
the hump in terms of making the
financing work.”
Developers and current and
former city housing officials said
the practice of awarding money
by number of units, and not unit
size, was widely used. RuthAnne Visnauskas, a depu-
ty housing commissioner, said
the city was open to building
larger units and could provide
subsidies case by case, if needed.
“These are complicated negotia-
tions, and we do make excep-
tions,” she said. Chana Leibowitz said she had
no choice but to continue living in
the 880-square-foot, two-bedroom
Williamsburg apartment where
complex in Brooklyn, a coalition
of housing and community
groups sued, arguing that the
larger units would unfairly favor
Hasidic residents over blacks and
Latinos and that it was prefera-
ble to have more smaller units
than fewer large ones. In 2011, a
State Supreme Court justice is-
sued an order blocking the plan. Still, Councilman Stephen T.
Levin, who represents part of
Williamsburg, said the city had
an obligation to help large fam-
ilies living in overcrowded condi-
tions. “I’ve had people come to me
crying,” said Mr. Levin, who re-
ceives a call nearly every day
about this issue. “There’s got to
be a way we can address the af-
fordable-housing needs of large
families. It’s certainly not for the
government to essentially dis-
criminate against families be-
cause of their size.”
For large families, ample space
has long been hard to find in al-
most any price range. Of the
city’s 2.1 million rental apart-
ments in 2011, which included
both market-rate and subsidized
housing, only 14 percent were
three-bedroom units and 2 per-
cent were four-bedroom units or
larger, according to the Furman
Center for Real Estate and Urban
Policy at New York University.
Many of these are in aging
housing projects that were built
when large families were more
common. Of the 178,889 apart-
ments managed by the New York
City Housing Authority, 22 per-
cent were three-bedroom, and 4
she married her husband, Mi-
chael, two decades ago. Now they
share it with their six children. “We’re trapped,” Ms. Leibo-
witz, said. “We’re hoping every
day for a miracle.”
Mr. Tounkara, the father of six,
who does not have a high school
diploma, said he moved to the
Bronx in 1996 for a better life than
he had in his native Mali. His
wife, Assetou, followed four years
later, and they had six children. “I like kids, so I make more,”
he said. “My culture has a lot of
kids.” The Tounkaras, who together
earn about $1,700 a month, said
they had been on the waiting list
for the city’s housing projects for
more than four years. For now,
their family sleeps in one room
the size of two parking spaces,
with two children in their double
bed, and two more on a blanket
on the floor. “It’s too hard,” Mrs.
Tounkara said. “I don’t know
what we’re going to do.” Shortage of City Housing For Large, Poor Families
From Page A19
Mahamadou Tounkara lives with his wife and six children in one room of a three-bedroom apart-
ment they share with two other families because they cannot afford the rent by themselves.
Apartments with two
or fewer bedrooms
dominate the options
in New York. By DANNY HAKIM
New York State’s jobless rate
fell for the first time in 11 months
in September, a welcome sign for
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, though
the rate remains well above the
national average.
Earlier this week, The New
York Times reported that New
York was the only state in the na-
tion with a statistically signifi-
cant increase in its unemploy-
ment rate over the last 12
months, through August, accord-
ing to the federal household sur-
vey. The Cuomo administration
has pointed to more positive sta-
tistics, notably the federal payroll
survey — those numbers have of-
fered a more favorable picture of
New York’s job growth.
Last month, however, there
was improvement in the house-
hold survey. New York was one of
41 states to report a decline in un-
employment, according to the
federal Bureau of Labor Statis-
tics, which released state num-
bers for September on Friday.
New York’s jobless rate is now
8.9 percent, compared with 7.8
percent nationwide. The state’s
rate fell from 9.1 percent in Au-
One state that did not fare
nearly as well was Ohio, a key
swing state in the presidential
election. The state had one of the
largest decreases in employment
in the nation, losing 12,800 jobs
from August to September. New
York, by contrast, added more
than 10,000 jobs in the same peri-
od, according to the payroll sur-
vey, which does not measure ag-
riculture or the self-employed.
“The jobs data is still obviously
uneven,” said Edmund J. McMa-
hon, senior fellow at the Empire
Center for New York State Policy,
a conservative research group.
“The story is still one of fairly
pronounced unevenness region-
ally. Downstate, the city is still
much stronger than the suburbs,
and upstate you have these is-
lands of growth — Rochester and
the capital region — and the rest
is not great.”
New York State Registers Drop In Jobless Rate
A man and a woman who have
been imprisoned since 1997 for
the fatal shooting of a livery-cab
driver in the Bronx took an im-
portant step toward exoneration
and freedom on Friday when
prosecutors told a judge that they
had agreed to vacate the convic-
tions while they look into asser-
tions that the killing was commit-
ted by somebody else.
The defendants, Eric Glisson
and Cathy Watkins, have long
maintained that they were
wrongfully convicted in the mur-
der of Baithe Diop, a Senegalese
immigrant who was shot twice in
1995 and left to die as his livery
cab rolled through a street in the
Soundview neighborhood. The case has been re-exam-
ined as a result of evidence that
has recently emerged suggesting
that the murder was committed
by members of a Bronx narcotics
gang who later became federal
Mr. Glisson and Ms. Watkins
stood handcuffed in State Su-
preme Court in the Bronx before
Justice Denis J. Boyle, as a pros-
ecutor in the Bronx district at-
torney’s office, Nicole Keary,
agreed to free them for at least 90
“During that time we will in-
vestigate the claims that two oth-
er individuals, not Mr. Glisson
and Ms. Watkins, committed the
murder,” Ms. Keary said.
She added that if the district at-
torney’s office found evidence
within 90 days that absolved Ms.
Watkins and Mr. Glisson,the
temporary clearing of their con-
victions would become perma-
nent. A memorandum of agree-
ment also gave the district at-
torney’s office the option of ask-
ing that the charges be reinstated
if they determined that Mr. Glis-
son and Ms. Watkins were in fact
Ms. Keary said the two would
be released, probably on Wednes-
day, after they had been fitted
with electronic bracelets to en-
sure that they abided by the
terms of the conditional release,
which limits their travel. As the prosecutor spoke, Ms.
Watkins’s lawyer, Paul Castelei-
ro, stood next to her, gripping her
hand. A moment later, court offi-
cers briefly uncuffed Ms. Watkins
so that she could sign paperwork.
Mr. Glisson and Ms. Watkins
gained influential support a few
months ago after Mr. Glisson
wrote to federal prosecutors in
Manhattan saying that he
thought members of a gang
called Sex Money and Murder, or
S.M.M., had killed Mr. Diop.
The details of the crime res-
onated with a federal investiga-
tor, John O’Malley, who had once
been a homicide detective in the
Bronx. Mr. O’Malley remem-
bered that two former S.M.M.
members, Jose Rodriguez and
Gilbert Vega, who had agreed to
cooperate with federal prosecu-
tors against the gang, had told
him that they had shot an African
livery driver in Soundview in late
1994 or early 1995.
Mr. O’Malley confirmed details
of the crime with Mr. Vega and
Mr. Rodriguez, then met with Mr.
Glisson and eventually prepared
a detailed affidavit in which he
wrote: “I believe the evidence is
overwhelming that Vega and
Rodriguez, acting alone, robbed
and shot Baithe Diop on Jan. 19,
1995, causing his death.”
Ultimately, six people were
tried in Mr. Diop’s death in two
trials in the 1990s and five were
convicted. Lawyers for Mr. Glis-
son and Ms. Watkins first cited
the information from Mr. O’Mal-
ley in August as they asked the
court to dismiss the charges
against their clients. On Thursday, Bruce D. Aus-
tern,a lawyer for Carlos Perez,
among the five convicted in Mr.
Diop’s death, filed a motion ask-
ing that his client’s conviction be
A lawyer for Mr. Glisson, Peter
A. Cross, told reporters that he
thought his client should be
cleared swiftly, saying: “I think
we all know that Eric and Cathy
are innocent. We know who the
real killers are.”
Even as supporters of Mr. Glis-
son and Ms. Watkins were
cheered on Friday by the district
attorney’s decision,they said
they had been hoping they would
be released immediately.
Among those present was Mr.
Glisson’s daughter, Cynthia Mo-
rales, who was 2 weeks old when
he was arrested.
“Going to school and hearing
other girls talk about their dad
and the times they enjoyed to-
gether,” she said,“that’s hard for
2 Convicted in ’95 Killing of Livery Driver Near Exoneration
Cynthia Morales, daughter of Eric Glisson, cried outside court on Friday. In the photo at right,
Mr. Glisson, second from right, and Cathy Watkins learned they would be conditionally released. A22
Diplomats and soldiers: A security
company executive discusses risk
management versus risk avoidance, and
a reader responds to an editorial that
cited his research on armored vehicles.
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS If Mitt Romney and his vice-presidential running
mate, Representative Paul Ryan, were to win next
month’s election, the harm to women’s reproductive
rights would extend far beyond the borders of the United
States. In this country, they would support the recriminaliza-
tion of abortion with the overturning of Roe v. Wade, and
they would limit access to contraception and other serv-
ices. But they have also promised to promote policies
abroad that would affect millions of women in the world’s
poorest countries, where lack of access to contraception,
prenatal care and competent help at childbirth often re-
sults in serious illness and thousands of deaths yearly.
And the wreckage would begin on Day 1 of a Romney ad-
ministration. Mr. Romney has pledged that,on his first day in the
White House,he would reinstate the “global gag rule,” the
odious restriction that has been used to deny federal
money for family-planning work abroad to any organiza-
tion that provided information, advice, referrals or serv-
ices for legal abortion or supported the legalization of
abortion, even using its own money. Merely talking about abortion could cost groups not
only federal money, but also useful technical support
and American-donated supplies of contraceptives, in-
cluding condoms for distribution in the communities
they serve.
The gag rule, also known as the “Mexico City policy,”
was imposed by the last three Republican presidents, be-
ginning with Ronald Reagan in 1984. It was rescinded by
President Bill Clinton in 1993, then reinstated by President
George W. Bush in 2001. President Obama, fulfilling a cam-
paign pledge, signed an executive order lifting the global
gag rule shortly after taking office in 2009. The gag rule did nothing to prevent use of govern-
ment financing for abortions because that was already il-
legal under federal law. But it badly hampered the work of
family-planning groups overseas, forcing clinic closures,
reduced services and fee increases. It also violated princi-
ples of informed consent by requiring health care provid-
ers to withhold medical information from female patients.
And,by stifling political debate on abortion-related issues
and violating free speech principles, the gag rule badly
undermined America’s credibility as it tries to promote
democracy abroad. Republican opponents of family planning and wom-
en’s reproductive autonomy in Congress have been try-
ing to reinstate the gag rule by legislation. If elected, Mr.
Romney has said he would do so with a stroke of the
pen. Mr. Romney also vows to renew another of George W.
Bush’s shameful policies (which was ended by President
Obama), which blocked the United States from contribut-
ing to the United Nations Population Fund. That fund sup-
ports programs in some 150 countries to improve poor
women’s reproductive health, reduce infant mortality, end
the sexual trafficking of women and prevent the spread of
H.I.V., the virus that causes AIDS.Like Mr. Bush, Mr.
Romney has embraced the bogus charge that the Popula-
tion Fund supports coerced abortions in China, ignoring a
State Department investigation that found no evidence for
that claim. In fact, the fund has helped promote a volun-
tary approach to family planning. The annual federal contribution to the fund is now
down to $35 million,compared with $55 million in fiscal
years 2010 and 2011; overall support for international fam-
ily planning and reproductive health programs stands at
$610 million — far short of the need. Even so, this amount
of money pays for contraceptive services and supplies
that reach more than 31 million women and couples, avert-
ing 9.4 million unintended pregnancies, 4 million abortions
(three-quarters of them unsafe) and 22,000 maternal
deaths annually, according to the Guttmacher Institute. House Republicans want to cut the nation’s invest-
ment in international family planning severely. Mr. Rom-
ney’s record of bending to suit the most extreme elements
of the Republican Party suggests that he may well go
along on this critical issue as well. A World of Harm for Women
The Romney agenda takes aim at international family planning and lifesaving care The Boy Scouts of America has known for nearly a
century that scout leaders were preying on boys under
the its protection. Yet for most of those long years, it kept
what it knew about scout leaders who were sexual preda-
tors locked away in secret “perversion files.”
The Scouts’ excuse was that the files, compiled at
least since the 1920s,were a system of internal controls, to
ensure that known abusers could not rejoin scouting. No
doubt this helped to protect many boys, but in many other
instances the system failed, and it kept failing. The Scouts
had no right to protect these criminals from the police,
from parents and even from many troop leaders. They
serve as yet another example of the disaster of institution-
al secrecy, of the danger when officials decide that an or-
ganization deserves protecting more than a child.
Now a light is finally being shined on the Boy Scouts’
failure — not because the institution had a change of
heart, but because of orders from judges. In the latest
case, in Portland, Ore., a law firm that won an $18.5 million
civil judgment in an abuse case fought all the way to the
Oregon Supreme Court to make public the “perversion
files,” also known as the “ineligible volunteer” files.
It posted a cache of them online on Thursday. The
files cover the period from 1965 to 1985,more than 15,000
pages detailing accusations against 1,247 scout leaders. In
a separate case dating to the 1980s, a Sacramento lawyer
persuaded a judge to order the release of another trove of
files; an index of those cases, involving nearly 1,900 ac-
cused abusers from 1971 to 1991,was shared with The Los
Angeles Times last year and has also been posted online. Some of the records seem to show scouting officials
trying to rid themselves of abusers. But others, as Kirk
Johnson of The Times reported on Friday,betray secre-
tiveness and negligence. “I would like to let this case
drop,” one executive said. “My personal opinion in this
particular case is, ‘If it don’t stink, don’t stir it.’” Still oth-
ers show that the “ineligible volunteer” file system could
be ineffective, if not useless. In 1981,a Colorado man who
had three sons in scouting warned that a scoutmaster
named Joe,who had abused his sons and others, had re-
emerged at a Boy Scout jamboree.“Your assurances that
Joe was out of scouting and would have no further con-
tact with scouting have just become meaningless,” he
The Boy Scouts say they have adopted many strong
reforms and are now a model for effectiveness in protect-
ing children, which may be true. But for that,parents and
scouts can thank the courage of victims and the persist-
ence of lawyers and journalists, not the goodwill of an or-
ganization that minimized the problem and fought tena-
ciously for decades to keep its secrets hidden. The files are surely the tip of an iceberg, says Gilion
Dumas, a lawyer with the firm that posted the Oregon
files, because the Boy Scouts kept no records on how
many files were created or lost and because many cases
were never reported, since most families, troops and
sponsoring organizations had no idea the files existed, or
how to use them.
For an organization that extols trustworthiness, these
files lay bare an appalling dissonance. The Boy Scouts bat-
tled to the Supreme Court to protect their right to purge
gay and lesbian leaders and to exclude gay boys, insisting
that openly gay people were bad role models. It bent to
bigotry while hiding sexual predators.
The ‘Perversion Files’ Come to Light
Boy Scout records on sexual abuse expose a familiar pattern of secrecy and negligence
Re “The Wrong Way to Help the
Poor” (Op-Ed, Oct. 11):
Gary E. MacDougal rightly questions
if the current patchwork of public pro-
grams is the best way to improve the
prospects of our country’s 46 million
poor, which includes 22 percent of all
children. But he widely misses the mark when
he suggests that Representative Paul D.
Ryan’s proposed budget would make
things better.
In making his case, Mr. MacDougal
cites my work at the Institute for Edu-
cational Leadership. During a 1995 Con-
gressional hearing, policy makers
stepped into the shoes of a working-
poor family applying for help from 20
public programs. Astonishingly, even
the very people who had created the
laws couldn’t figure out how to make
them work.
But funding cuts or block grants that
starve programs will not reduce com-
plexity or improve results. We need a
more thoughtful look at the largest pro-
grams — from Medicaid to nutrition
programs and tax credits for low-in-
come families — so they really do lift
this generation and the next.
Whether you are liberal or conserva-
tive, that’s the American way.
Port Republic, Md., Oct. 15, 2012
The writer is a lead research scientist at
the department of health policy of
George Washington University. She was
previously director of the Policy Ex-
change at the Institute for Educational
The tired call to replace the welfare
state with block grants to states does
not take seriously the nature of both
poverty and the economy.
Gary E. MacDougal’s thought experi-
ment — dividing the total spending on
poverty by the number of poor people —
is highly misleading; for example, it
fails to consider the number of people
lifted out of poverty by such programs.
Though the experiment packs rhetor-
ical punch, substantively it is as weak as
his larger argument supporting block
grants as the answer to poverty. Some
states might do a great job, but others
surely would not.
Destroying the federal safety net in
the name of federalism would have trag-
ic consequences, particularly for poor
children and families, and should be re-
jected on moral and social grounds. EZRA ROSSER
Washington, Oct. 12, 2012
The writer teaches poverty law at Ameri-
can University Washington College of
Gary E. MacDougal is right that candi-
dates should pay more attention to pov-
erty and that low-income families too
often face a confusing maze to get help.
However, the budget proposed by Repre-
sentative Paul D. Ryan, which relies on
cost shifts to states, should not be the
discussion’s starting point. The Supplemental Nutrition Assist-
ance Program and Medicaid played a
critical role helping people in this re-
cession. Block grants would make these
programs far less responsive in the next
recession, as Temporary Assistance for
Needy Families was less responsive in
this recession. Mr. MacDougal is right to focus on re-
sults — children who are healthy and
school ready, adults with the skills need-
ed to compete.
But block grants won’t get us there.
Instead, we should learn from communi-
ty programs, such as Harlem Children’s
Zone and the Strive Partnership of Cin-
cinnati and Northern Kentucky, achiev-
ing these outcomes by coordinating
services to families, even if the services
are financed by different programs or
delivered by more than one institution.
Policy Coordinator
Center for Law and Social Policy
Washington, Oct. 11, 2012
While Gary E. MacDougal makes
some good points, I am left speechless
and utterly confused by his statement
that Pell grants “are more focused on
promoting education than stemming
poverty.” Have I missed something? Is educa-
tion no longer a way up the proverbial
socioeconomic ladder?TANYA TULL
President, Partnering for Change
Los Angeles, Oct. 11, 2012
How Best to Lift People Out of Poverty
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, Wis.
Nearly three years ago, former Gov.
Tommy Thompson and Representative
Tammy Baldwin teamed up on a public
service announcement showing parents
how to sign up for the state’s innovative
BadgerCare program. It had been creat-
ed during Mr. Thompson’s administra-
tion as a way to provide health insur-
ance to far more uninsured adults and
children than were covered by Medic-
Now the two are increasingly bitter
opponents in the Wisconsin Senate
race, and one of the biggest issues that
divides them is coverage for the unin-
sured. Ms. Baldwin, the Democrat, sup-
ports President Obama’s health care re-
form. Mr. Thompson calls it a “budget-
busting government takeover.” At
Thursday night’s debate in Wausau,he
repeated the standard Republican false-
hood that Ms. Baldwin and other Demo-
crats had “stolen” $716 billion from
Medicare “to fund Obamacare.”
Mr. Thompson’s long, sad slide from a
forward-looking Republican policy mak-
er on health care to a member of the
right-wing choir is familiar to anyone
who has watched Mitt Romney’s paral-
lel path. In some ways, however, Mr.
Thompson’s fall has been even steeper.
Mr. Romney may have been acting out
of political expediency in creating the
universal health care system in Mas-
sachusetts — it is never easy to de-
termine his actual principles. But Mr.
Thompson seemed to believe in using
government to extend health coverage,
both as governor and later as secretary
of health and human services.
In 2008, he said he wasn’t opposed to
a mandate requiring people to obtain
health insurance, though he preferred a
tax-credit system. In 2010, he was invit-
ed to a White House meeting on health
care reform where administration offi-
cials say he supported it and offered ad-
But he would never have made it
through the Republican primary by
breaking with current party orthodoxy.
Now, though he is campaigning in a
deeply divided swing state, Mr. Thomp-
son supports Paul Ryan’s government-
shrinking budgets and Gov. Scott Walk-
er’s anti-union bills. His son, Jason
Thompson, 38, had to apologize after
twice asserting that voters have an op-
portunity to send President Obama
“back to Chicago — or Kenya.” And the
former governor had to apologize last
month when one of his senior aides sent
a message mocking Ms. Baldwin, who is
openly gay, for dancing at a gay pride
Ms. Baldwin, though not a compelling
debater or speaker, has moved beyond
her base in Madison to pull slightly
ahead of Mr. Thompson, largely on her
full-throated support for Mr. Obama’s
agenda on taxes and health care and
her negative ads portraying Mr.
Thompson as a tool of the moneyed
class. As one of the most liberal members of
Congress, Ms. Baldwin has also had to
pull back from earlier positions, partic-
ularly her regrettable opposition to
sanctions on Iran, which she now sup-
ports. That inevitably produced an
over-the-top outburst from Mr. Thomp-
son, who said it proved she was “anti-
Israel” and “anti-Jewish.” (He later had
to clarify that, too, saying he only meant
she was anti-Israel, itself a baseless
On Friday, she campaigned here in
the northern city of Rhinelander, using
a favorite slogan, “Whose side are you
on?” — a variation of an old union tune.
That question, though, is increasingly
tough to answer in a state that refuses
to fit the conventional paradigms.
“I voted for Scott Walker,” said Joyce
Gibson, who works in Danner’s Shoe
Store, where Ms. Baldwin visited Fri-
day. “But I’m supporting Tammy and
Obama. I didn’t like what the unions did
to the state, but I think the Democrats
are better for the middle class.”
In a Volatile Swing State, Two Senate Candidates Shift From Prior Positions
One slides far right
and one steps toward
center in Wisconsin.
TO THE EDITOR: Re “In Cancer Care, Cost Matters,” by
Peter B. Bach, Leonard B. Saltz and
Robert E. Wittes (Op-Ed, Oct. 15): Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center’s decision to forgo an expensive
new cancer drug reflects a much-need-
ed willingness to address the elephant
in the room: unsustainable costs in can-
cer care. As doctors, we have a responsibility
to provide high-quality, high-value care
according to the best available evi-
dence. This means ensuring that every test,
treatment and procedure offers patients
meaningful benefits and avoiding those
that do not. It is a responsibility that the oncology
community takes seriously. This year,
my organization joined other medical
societies to release “top 5” lists of com-
mon tests and treatments that are ex-
pensive, overused and not supported by
clinical evidence. The net result of providing evidence-
based care is that patients not only re-
ceive the highest quality care but also
the highest value care because unneces-
sary costs are eliminated. Cancer research has yielded remark-
able advances in recent years, but we
must remember that the best medical
care is not always the most expensive.
President, American Society
of Clinical Oncology
Alexandria, Va., Oct. 16, 2012
The High Cost of a Cancer Drug: An Oncologist’s View
By Judy Bolton-Fasman
NE of the more hotly contest-
ed issues in the Massachu-
setts Senate race between
Scott Brown and Elizabeth
Warren has been Ms. War-
ren’s claim that her mother was part
American Indian. Ms. Warren has only
family lore to back up her claim, and
Senator Brown, accusing her of oppor-
tunism, has demanded proof. But as Ms.
Warren counters in her own ads: what
kid asks her mother for documentation? I can sympathize. Growing up, I nev-
er questioned my mother’s claim that
our family was descended from the
Spanish dukes of Albuquerque. My mother is fiercely proud of her
royal ancestry. A Sephardic Jew who
traces her lineage back to 14th century
Andalusia, she swears the dukes
were Jewish until forcibly convert-
ed during the Inquisition. She be-
lieves we are entitled to a castle
in Spain, and possibly own
property in New Mexico. The
property claims never real-
ly mattered to me, though.
What was important
was that her story
helped me define my-
self as a Jew and a
citizen of the world.
Our royal gene-
alogy isn’t my
mother’s only
story. She also
likes to tell
about how, as
a student at
the Universi-
ty of Havana,
she was
caught in the
crossfire on
the day when
henchmen for
Fulgencio Batista,
the Cuban dictator,
murdered the president
of the University Student Feder-
ation. She says she had been in class
and ran outside to see what all the com-
motion was about. After she arrived in the United States,
my mother told that story to gain entry
to a master’s program in Spanish litera-
ture, and she went on to a long, satisfy-
ing career as a Spanish teacher. But while doing some research a few
years ago for a family memoir, I discov-
ered the dates didn’t align. The uni-
versity had been closed for over four
months when the student body presi-
dent died in 1957. It didn’t reopen until
1959, when my mother was already in
the United States, safe in the knowledge
that, back then, a university transcript
was impossible to retrieve from Cuba.
My mother had other school stories,
and it took just one phone call to some-
one who knew her in her youth to real-
ize that every one, in all that beloved de-
tail, was completely fabricated. “She told you she went to the Uni-
versity of Havana?” said the woman, in-
credulously. The stories were made up. Did that matter? To me, my mother’s
university stories defined her as fierce-
ly Cuban and sadly exiled from her
country. It was clear to me from an ear-
ly age that the passion in those stories
was inextricable from the passion that
fueled her love for Spanish literature. When I was a child and she was still a
graduate student, she told me intrigu-
ing bedtime stories about Miguel de
Unamuno’s loss of faith when he was
just five years old — my age at the time.
I thrilled at Lazarillo de Tormes’s pica-
resque escapades. I eagerly anticipated
serial installments of Don Quixote’s
quests with the hapless Sancho Panza
from the genuine Cervantes, rather
than Broadway’s “Man of La Mancha.” The revelations about my mother’s
Cuba stories should arguably lead me to
doubt her claims about our ancestry.
But I haven’t felt the need to do any for-
mal genealogical research to dispute
the essence of her account. Am I in denial? Or worse, am I know-
ingly perpetrating a lie? I don’t think so. And I don’t think the
details of Elizabeth Warren’s story mat-
ter as much as the fact that the story
has been perpetuated with well-inten-
tioned conviction. It’s a family legend
that has inspired her to identify with the
dispossessed and work on behalf of the
marginalized. For my own history, I’ve found as
solid and authoritative proof as any in
my father’s 25th Yale University Re-
union book, published in 1965. The thick
hardback volume sat on our living room
coffee table for years. In it my father re-
ported that his much younger wife, the
former Matilde Albuquerque, “is a de-
scendant of the Duke of Albuquerque,
and graduated from the University of
Havana. She is an English and Spanish
teacher, translator and singer, and ac-
tive in aiding Cuban refugees.”
That’s all the confirmation anyone
should need of the peripatetic fam-
ily lore on which I was
weaned. Elizabeth Warren
says her parents eventu-
ally eloped because her
father’s family disap-
proved of him marrying a
woman with Native Ameri-
can blood. That’s all of the
corroboration we should need from her
too. When it comes to family lore, true
and false are often beside the point.Ø
All My Mother’s Stories
Does it matter whether
Elizabeth Warren’s
family lore is true?
Judy Bolton-Fasman is a columnist for
The Jewish Advocate of Boston. JENNIFER DANIEL
On Nov.17, 2011, less than two weeks
after a grand jury indicted Jerry San-
dusky, thus igniting the Penn State sex-
ual abuse scandal, ESPN broke the
news that a second big-time college as-
sistant coach had been accused of abus-
ing young boys. His name was Bernie
Fine, and he was the longtime top as-
sistant to Jim Boeheim, Syracuse Uni-
versity’s legendary basketball coach.
Like Sandusky, Fine had deep roots in
the community. Like Sandusky, he spent
plenty of time around young boys; for
instance, he coached every summer at
Syracuse’s basketball camp. Fine’s two
accusers were stepbrothers who had
been Syracuse ball boys during their
teens. One of them, Bobby Davis, 40,
said that Fine had abused him from the
seventh grade until he was 27.
Within 10 days of the ESPN article,
Fine had been fired by the university. In
the meantime, two more accusers came
forward. It also emerged that The Syra-
cuse Post-Standard had investigated
Davis’s charges in 2003, but had not
written an article. The university had
learned of the charges in 2005; it kept
the information to itself. Boeheim, for
his part, had issued a vehement defense
of his assistant — “It’s a bunch of a
thousand lies,” he told ESPN — but
backpedaled after Fine was fired.
In the heat of the moment, it was easy
enough to assume that what had hap-
pened at Penn State had also happened
at Syracuse: that the university — and
the larger community, which lived and
breathed Syracuse basketball —had en-
tered into a conspiracy of silence. When
I wrote a column about Fine last year, I
essentially accused The Post-Standard
and the school of covering up the allega-
tions. It’s now 11 months later. Sandusky is
behind bars, as he should be. And Ber-
nie Fine? Although a grand jury is still
investigating, it is unlikely that charges
will ever be brought. Two of Fine’s ac-
cusers have recanted. One of them ad-
mitted that Davis had put him up to it.
Serious questions have also been raised
about a third accuser, Mike Lang, Da-
vis’s stepbrother, who had always de-
nied that he had been abused by Fine —
until the Sandusky story broke.
The refusal of The Post-Standard to
publish an article about Davis’s allega-
tions — charges it could never corrob-
orate —now looks like responsible jour-
nalism rather than a dereliction of duty.
The university hired the law firm of
Paul Weiss to review its actions in 2005.
The firm concluded that while the uni-
versity had made mistakes, it had in-
vestigated Davis’s allegations diligently
and had come to the same conclusion as
the newspaper: there was simply no
proof. With the passage of time, ESPN
is the one that appears to have acted ir-
responsibly (although the network dis-
agrees with this assessment) — along
with the rest of us who piled on.
In a recent New Yorker article, Mal-
colm Gladwell described the dynamics
that allowed Sandusky to get away with
it for so long. “A pedophile,” he wrote,
“is someone adept not just at preying on
children but at confusing, deceiving and
charming the adults responsible for
those children.” That is one reason, he concluded, that
adults can be reluctant to go to the po-
lice;they have a hard time believing
that their charming friend could be a
child molester. As Gladwell put it to me
in an e-mail, “These guys are so slip-
pery — and the nature of the evidence
so subjective — that it is much harder
than people realize to make a definitive
But there is another reason as well.
What if they’re wrong? What if it turns
out that the accuser is lying? What hap-
pens then? In the public mind, pedophil-
ia is such a heinous crime that it has be-
come almost impossible to recover from
a false accusation. And people realize
that. “It is the enormity of the crime,”
says Gladwell, that weighs on people.
They want to be sure, but it’s hard to be
In Bernie Fine’s case, the accusation
alone cost him his job and his rep-
utation. The chances of him ever coach-
ing again at the college level are close to
nil. The charges will cling to him for the
rest of his life.
Earlier this week, we saw the release
of thousands of pages of documents de-
tailing 20 years of sexual abuse in the
Boy Scouts, from the mid-1960s to the
mid-1980s. They document what The
Times called “a corrosive culture of se-
crecy,” that allowed pedophilia to exist
within its ranks with virtually no conse-
quences. They are a painful reminder of
the many decades our culture refused to
confront child abusers squarely. Today we’re all sensitized to the dam-
age that child sexual abuse can do. That
is all to the good. But as long as an accu-
sation alone can be ruinous, there will
always be some reluctance to report a
suspected child molester. What the Ber-
nie Fine case really shows is not how far
we’ve come, but how much further we
have to go. Ø
JOE NOCERA Why Syracuse Isn’t Penn St.
Two very different
responses to allegations
of sexual abuse.
Let’s give a cheer for Nina Gonzalez,
the woman who asked Mitt Romney and
Barack Obama about gun control at the
presidential debate.
People, have you noticed how regular-
ly this topic fails to come up? We have
been having this campaign since the
dawn of the ice age. Why wasn’t there a
gun control moment before now? True, the candidates were asked about
it after the horrific blood baths last sum-
mer in Colorado and Wisconsin. But
there have been 43 American mass shoot-
ings in the last year. Wouldn’t you think
that would qualify guns for a more reg-
ular mention?
“I felt very empowered,” said Gon-
zalez, a 57-year-old mental health practi-
tioner from Long Island. We were talking
on the phone a few days after the debate.
She had been fielding calls from stran-
gers who were eager to give her their
opinion about guns,and she still couldn’t
quite understand why the candidates
were less enthusiastic. “What’s the prob-
lem?” she asked.
Democrats running for national office
are terrified of the whole subject. Party
lore has it that passing the assault weap-
ons ban in 1994 cost them control of Con-
gress and Al Gore’s election. (There is
ample evidence that this isn’t true, but
that’s what makes it lore.)
So President Obama, a vocal gun con-
trol supporter in his Chicago days, is now
a gun control nonmentioner. And, when it
comes to legislation in Congress, a non-
helper. Republicans are usually eager to bring
up gun control, the better to denounce it.
But Mitt Romney has — surprise! — a
complicated history of policy molt on the
issue. He was once on the same page as
Ted Kennedy, and then the page turned. For purposes of running for president,
Romney is against new gun laws. And he
would rather not have any discussions
that lead to a mention of his pre-molt
state. Or the fact that he once unsuc-
cessfully attempted to woo rural voters
by recounting his skill as a hunter of
“small varmints.”
Into all this stepped Gonzalez, who
was haunted by the Colorado theater
shooting in July that killed 12 people. The
gunman carried a 100-bullet assault rifle.
The ban on assault weapons, which allow
you to fire as fast as you can keep pulling
the trigger, expired in 2004. Congress has
been afraid to renew it because, you
know, there’s the lore.
“What has your administration done or
planned to do to limit the availability of as-
sault weapons?” Gonzalez asked Obama.
“You know, we’re a nation that be-
lieves in the Second Amendment,” Oba-
ma began. “And I believe in the Second
Amendment. You know,we’ve got a long
tradition of hunting.…”
When in doubt, say something nice
about hunters.
The president signaled that he favors
renewing the ban by saying that weap-
ons designed for soldiers at war “do not
belong on our streets.” Then he swerved
away to the importance of better law en-
forcement, good schools and faith groups
that work with inner-city children.
That was pretty much it for the guns,
except that Obama did call for getting
“automatic weapons that kill folks in
amazing numbers out of the hands of
criminals and the mentally ill.” Actually,
automatic weapons, like machine guns,
are already heavily regulated. Although,
in a different world,we would be discuss-
ing why they’re in the country at all.
Mitt Romney wasted only 42 words on
assault weapons before veering off into
the importance of good schools. When it
comes to gun control, both presidential
candidates are strongly in favor of quali-
ty education.
Romney followed up with a long dis-
quisition on the virtues of two-parent
families. (“But,gosh, to tell our kids that
before they have babies, they ought to
think about getting married to someone
— that’s a great idea.…”)
It was about here that he lost Nina
Gonzalez. “Single mothers have enough
problems. Leave them alone,” she said.
“Why are we even talking about that?
That’s not the issue.”
Romney then lurched into an attack on
“Fast and Furious,” a much-criticized
Justice Department program involving
Mexican drug lords. The moderator, Can-
dy Crowley, was forced to round him up
and send him back toward the United
States.Crowley noted that Romney had
signed a ban on assault weapons when
he was governor of Massachusetts. “Why
is it that you’ve changed your mind?”
she asked.
This was an excellent question, and
Romney’s answer was basically that in
Massachusetts nobody was against it. I
think that,by now,we have plenty of re-
assurance that whenever something uni-
versally popular comes up, Mitt Romney
will be there with his signing pen.
The president then interrupted urgent-
ly for what turned out to be a comparison
of his and Romney’s positions on hiring
Gonzalez still thought Obama did bet-
ter. (She’s really irked about the single
mothers.) But she says she’s maintaining
her undecided status, just in case Rom-
ney comes up with a credible jobs-cre-
ation strategy in the next fewweeks.
GAIL COLLINS The Least Popular Subject
The unmentionable gets mentioned.
Let me be upfront: The data here seemto raise more ques-
tions than provide explanations. Gallup and the Williams Institute at the law school of the
University of California, Los Angeles, on Thursday published
the results of “the largest single study of the distribution of
the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) pop-
ulation in the U.S. on record.”
From June through September,Gallup asked 121,290 Ameri-
cans if they personally identified as lesbi-
an, gay, bisexual or transgender. The re-
sults, at least when viewed through a ra-
cial and ethnic lens, did not conform to
some social stereotypes. The numbers
were small, but the implications large.
The poll found that nonwhites are
more likely than whites to answer “yes.”
And, although,in general,younger
people were more likely to answer af-
firmatively than older ones, young black men (those between
18 and 29 years old) were 56 percent more likely than young
white men to answer yes. Young Hispanic men were 49 per-
cent more likely than young white men to answer with a yes
and young Asian men were 23 percent more likely than young
white men to answer yes.
This wide discrepancy did not exist among young women.
Young black women were only 12 percent more likely than
young white women to say yes,and young Asian and Hispanic
women were less likely to say yes than young white women.
(The only group in which older people were more likely to
answer yes than younger people was among Asian men.)
It’s a head-scratcher. Was there a fluke in the methodology?It seems solid to me,
and because the sample size is huge,the margin of error is tiny.
So I did what columnists do when they’re stumped: I
reached out to social scientists, cultural critics and activists in
the subject area hoping that they could clarify. They had theo-
ries, but they were also scratching their
They did,however,offer some in-
triguing ideas and posed some interest-
ing questions.
Could it be that outreach programs on
H.I.V. and AIDS are better at reaching
young people of color? Could it be a new
level of openness among celebrities and
acceptance by politicians? Could it be
that some men of color have less at
stake financially that could be jeopardized by identifying as
gay than their white counterparts?
The theories kept spinning, but there were few clear an-
swers. Dan Savage, a syndicated sex columnist and the origi-
nator of the “It Gets Better” antibullying campaign, summed
up the consensus concisely: “Boy, this is fascinating stuff.”
On the one hand, it’s a positive statistic. It shows that the
gay and lesbian community is more diverse than many be-
lieve, and it shows that many young men of color feel empow-
ered to identify as they feel most comfortable.
On the other, the causes behind it remain a mystery. Ø
CHARLES M. BLOW Shades of Gay
A new survey finds
pride in people of color.
Darker Rainbow
White Asian Hispanic Non-
Black Other
6.1 3.6 5.8 3.6 3.9 3.1 4.1
6.9 4.8 4.1 Ages
2.3 4.1 3.3 3.0 2.4 Undesignated 2.6 1.1 2.8 1.4 3.1 0.0 1.7 5.2 18-29
9.6 3.4 6.6 2.6 8.6 3.3 11.0 3.7 8.0
2.7 50-64
2.6 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.5 2.3 1.5 6.0 0.6 1.5 2.3 4.7 0.7 1.2 0.4 Average: 3.4%
At or above averageBelow average
Source: Results are based on telephone interviews conducted as part of the Gallup Daily tracking survey June 1-Sept. 30, 2012, with a random sample of 121,290 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, selected using random-digit-dial sampling. For results based on the total sample of [national adults/registered voters], one can say with 95% confidence that the maximum margin of sampling error is <±1 percentage point.
Percentage of each group that said they were lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender.
note to readers
TheOp-Ed page (Monday through Saturday)
and the Sunday Review welcome unsolicited
manuscripts sent to We
regret, however, that because of the volume of
submissions, we cannot reply to all messages.
If a manuscript is accepted for publication,
the author will be notified within three busi-
ness days.
S.& P. 500 1,433.19
Dow industrials 13,343.51
Nasdaq composite 3,005.62
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.77%
The euro $1.3019
Personal Business
Beyond the Bin
There’s more than recy-
cling that can help the en-
vironment. 5
Russia’s Rosneft stands to become
a global oil power. 3
McDonald’s profit falls as its sales
decline. 4
News Corporation
signs Roger Ailes to
four more years as
head of Fox News. 2
When Greg Smith resigned in
March as an executive director
and vice president of Goldman
Sachs with an Op-Ed page article
in The New York Times, he lev-
eled some sweeping
charges: Goldman’s
culture was “toxic
and destructive”;the
firm promoted “mor-
ally bankrupt peo-
ple”;and — most dev-
astating to any professional or-
ganization — Goldman Sachs
bankers were “ripping their cli-
ents off.”
Mr. Smith’s letter clearly hit a
popular nerve, coming as it did
during a devastating financial
crisis in which Goldman emerged
as the rich, arrogant and unfeel-
ing perpetrator of much of the fi-
nancial wreckage still afflicting
Americans. And it’s hard to quar-
rel with Mr. Smith’s overriding
message: Wall Street should put
clients interests’ first or risk
oblivion. Indeed, that was Gold-
man Sachs’s own credo, “Our cli-
ents’ interests always come
But stripped of its incendiary
conclusions, Mr. Smith’s manifes-
to was curiously short on facts.
Other than the now-infamous ref-
erence to muppets —“I have
seen five different managing di-
rectors refer to their own clients
as ‘muppets,’ sometimes over in-
ternal e-mail” —there were no
examples of a toxic culture at
work, no actual names of morally
bankrupt people and no exam-
ples of a client getting ripped off.
Mr. Smith declined to elaborate
after the article was published,
heightening suspense and no
doubt fueling the literary bidding
that reached a reported $1.5 mil-
lion for a book that would deliver
the goods.
That book, “Why I Left Gold-
man Sachs,” goes on sale on
Monday. Despite tight security,
copies of the book have been cir-
culating, and I read one.The
book not only fails to deliver con-
crete examples to back up his
sweeping conclusions,but he ad-
mits changing “names or de-
scriptors” for some (but not all)
people and acknowledges that
what he does disclose is “from
He says he has tried “to retain
the spirit” of what actually oc-
curred. This makes it nearly im-
possible to verify much of what
he says. Beyond that, from his perch on
the equity trading desk he seems
to have had a narrow viewof the
institution where he worked for
nearly 12 years. His disillusion-
ment comes across as heartfelt,
but much of it seems to have
come less from his own experi-
ences than from news reports
about the firm’s behavior in deals
he wasn’t involved in.
Mr. Smith’s book might even
bolster Goldman’s reputation. Af-
ter all, if Mr. Smith is the ultimate
insider, and this is as bad as it
gets — Mr. Smith in a hot tub at
the Mandalay Bay Hotel in Las
Vegas with a topless woman —
A Tell-All On Goldman Has Little Worth Telling
SENSE Continued on Page 7
Microsoft instituted a policy
on Friday that gives the compa-
ny broad leeway over how it
gathers and uses personal in-
formation from consumers of its
free, Web-based products like
e-mail, search and instant mes-
Almost no one noticed, how-
ever, even though Microsoft’s
policy changes are much the
same as those that Google made
to its privacy rules this year.
Google’s expanded powers
drew scathing criticism from
privacy advocates, probing in-
quiries from regulators and
broadside attacks from rivals.
Those included Microsoft, which
abilities to gather and sort in-
formation about individuals’
habits and interests — even as
Congress, federal regulators and
the Obama administration have
been seeking ways to protect In-
ternet users against unwanted
privacy incursions.
Microsoft’s policy, which it
calls its Services Agreement,al-
lows it to analyze customer con-
tent from one its free products
and use it to improve another
service — for example, taking
information from messages a
consumer sends on Windows
Live Messenger and using it to
improve messaging services on
Xbox. Previously, that kind of
sharing of information between bought full-page newspaper ads
telling Google users that Google
did not care about their privacy,
an accusation it quickly denied.
The difference in the two
events illustrates the confusion
surrounding Internet consumer
privacy. No single authority
oversees the collection of per-
sonal information from Web us-
ers by Internet companies.
Though most companies have
written privacy policies, they
are often stated in such broad,
ambiguous language that they
seem to allow virtually any use
of customers’ personal informa-
Web companies like Microsoft
and Google have been moving
aggressively to expand their
Microsoft Expands Gathering and Use of Data From Web Products
The Bing search engine is one service covered by the new policy.
Continued on Page 6
The growing list of downbeat
financial announcements from
American companies generated
on Friday the worst stock sell-off
in nearly four months.
General Electric and McDon-
ald’s disappointed analysts and
sounded cautionary notes about
future global economic growth.
That came on the heels of weak
reports on Thursday from the
technology giants Google and
Microsoft. With the shadow of the 25th an-
niversary of the 1987 stock mar-
ket crash hanging over the mar-
ket, share prices began dropping
Friday morning and fell all day,
leaving the Standard & Poor’s
500-stock index down 1.66 per-
cent, or 24.15 points, to 1,433.19. It
was the worst single day for the
index since June 21, when invest-
ors were worried about the Euro-
pean debt crisis.
Corporate earnings have
served as perhaps the strongest
engines of economic growth since
the financial crisis, and have
helped fuel a broader market ral-
ly. The benchmark S.& P. index is
still up 14 percent for the year.
While analysts have expected
profits to grow at a slower rate,
they are now concerned about
slowing revenue, which can be a
purer indicator of economic
health. Among the quarter of the
S.& P.companies that have re-
ported earnings so far, revenue
rose just 0.8 percent, below the
1.5 percent that had been antici-
pated. “This is an indication of what
consumers are doing globally, Shares Fall
As Earnings
On Wall St.
Continued on Page 7
The worst single-day
market performance
in nearly four months.
At 98, a venerable banker still
goes to the office, even after the
name of the storied investment
firm he once ran has faded from
Wall Street.
William R.Salomon uses space
and a secretary paid for by Citi-
group, which swallowed his firm,
Salomon Brothers,in a merger. It
is the least that the banking giant
can do for the son of one of three
brothers who started the firm a
century ago. But federal prosecutors say
that Mr. Salomon’s longtime sec-
retary did him no favors. Karen R.
Febles, his former assistant at
Citigroup for over a decade, has
been charged with stealing nearly
$2 million from him, according to
a person with direct knowledge of
the case.
Court papers filed by the gov-
ernment in February accused Ms.
Febles of defrauding a retired
bank executive but kept the name
of the bank and the executive con-
fidential. The victim is Mr. Salo-
mon, according to this person,
who spoke only on the condition of
A Citigroup spokesman, Mark
Costiglio, said the bank “informed
law enforcement immediately
upon discovery of suspicious ac-
count activity by this former em-
ployee, and we have cooperated
fully to ensure that justice is
done.” Matthew Reilly, a spokesman
for the United States attorney in
New Jersey, whose office brought
the case, declined to comment. Ms. Febles, 47, of Palisades
Park, N.J., has pleaded not guilty
and is set to stand trial in Federal
District Court in Newark on Nov.
13. Her lawyer, Edward J. McQuat,
said that she “was not responsible
A Secretary to a Salomon
Is Accused of Embezzling
Continued on Page 6
A common theme this cam-
paign season has been disap-
pointment over how little our
elected representatives have ac-
complished of late. Gridlock and
infighting have pre-
vented the passage of
much legislation that
deals with long-term
challenges related to
tax reform, energy and
other issues.
Blame whomever you want
for this. But don’t underestimate
how much help you can some-
times get with your own finan-
cial problems from the people
you put in the Senate or the
House of Representatives.
Every one of them has em-
ployees who do what is known
as constituent service, helping
people with thorny problems
that may involve a federal agen-
cy. Most often, they are trying to
sort out Social Security prob-
lems, federal disability filings,
Internal Revenue Service head-
aches, veterans’ benefits and
mortgage issues. Immigration
requests involving small-busi-
ness employees and newly mar-
ried couples are common, too.
These staff members often re-
fer to their efforts on your behalf
as casework and treat it as a so-
cial worker would, keeping files
on each person who seeks help.
“When we hire new workers, I
tell them that the only difference
between customer service and
constituent service is the way
you spell it,” said Mike Cantwell,
the district director for Repre-
sentative Steve Chabot, Republi-
can of Ohio. So far this year, Representa-
tive Chabot’s staff has handled
nearly 700 requests for help.
About 270 concerned veterans’
issues, including benefits, and
another 170 had to do with Medi-
care or Social Security. Many of-
fices have specialists who work
in one or two areas and have
longstanding relationships with
officials at federal agencies who
can help.
While all of this may resemble
retail customer service, remem-
ber that it is also retail politics.
When trying to help you, Repub-
licans and Democrats both say
that they don’t know or care
whomyou voted for, but there
will always be legislators on ei-
ther side of the aisle who make
constituent service less of a pri-
ority than others.
“Some members have safe
seats and do not have to worry
about going to great pains to When to Call Your Elected Representatives for Help
MONEY Continued on Page 4
Like most women, Tina Hines has her size — an 8 —
and then she has her list of clothes that actually look good
on her. Side pockets are out (they make her hips look too
wide).Halter tops are difficult (she needs to wear a bra).
Defined waists are good, and she likes a bit of Lycra to ac-
centuate her curves.
Despite knowing all that, when she shops online, she is
still flummoxed. The models are generally rail-thin and flat-
chested — not like her. “Someone who’s an A-cup doesn’t
help me, because it’s definitely going to lay a little bit differ-
ently,” said Ms. Hines, 44, a life coach in Franklin Park, N.J.
Now, for women like Ms. Hines, the e-commerce site
Rent the Runway is offering a striking solution: replacing
models with regular women, and allowing visitors to search
for women of a certain age, height, weight and even bust
size, to see how that dress looks on someone similar.
Think of it as crowdsourced sizing. Rent the Runway’s new approach, which it introduced
on Friday, is the latest example of a retailer rejecting the
idea that women want fantasy when they shop. Instead, it is
offering reality, catering to women who are fed up with
Photoshopping, airbrushing and the headache of returning
multiple sizes of clothing. The start-up Quincy offers clothes
in different lengths, bust sizes and waist sizes. Me-Ality in-
Jenny Fleiss, left, and Jennifer Hyman founded Rent the Runway in 2009. It rents dresses and formal accessories.
High Fashion, No Airbrushing
Site Lets Women ViewClothes
On Models From Real World Tina Hines, left, in a Rent the Runway testimonial.
Continued on Page 2
The chief executive of the re-
tailer Abercrombie & Fitch, Mi-
chael S. Jeffries, is a stickler for
details, especially when he flies.
Employees working on the
company’s Gulfstream jet must
greet Mr. Jeffries and his guests
wearing the uniform of an Aber-
crombie polo shirt, jeans, flip
flops, boxer briefs and a “spritz”
of the company’s cologne; pro-
vide copies of several magazines
(inserts removed); and respond
to requests by saying, “No prob-
lem,” rather than “Sure,” or “Just
a minute,” according to a manual
that was submitted in an age-
discrimination lawsuit brought
against the company by a former
The document meticulously
describes where Mr. Jeffries’s
dogs should sit (“When Ruby and
Trouble travel, Ruby will sit op-
posite Michael in the cabin”); in-
structs employees how to vac-
uum the aircraft (“from the front
of the aircraft to the back, pulling
the vacuum toward you to make
smooth, even lines”); and directs
how to make the beds (“iron the
exposed top sheets”) and what
snacks to provide (“prepare a
bowl of pretzels, and one of Squir-
rel Nuts”).
The emergence of the docu-
ment comes at a rough time for
Mr. Jeffries. Shares of Abercrom-
bie are trading at half what they
were a year ago as same-store
sales decline. Shares on Friday
fell 1.36 percent to $32.01 in step
with a broad market sell-off and
one day after Bloomberg News
reported on the lawsuit.
Mr. Jeffries is widely credited
with turning the staid Abercrom-
bie brand into a sexy, cool, must-
wear fashion on college campus-
es across the country in the late
1990s. But along the way, Mr. Jeffries
has attracted more than his share
of controversy, including a recall
of catalogs in the 1990s over im-
ages that critics say promoted
binge drinking and a call for a
consumer boycott in 2004 from
the head of USAGymnastics over
a T-shirt that said “L is for Los-
er,” next to a picture of a gym-
nast. That same year, Abercrom-
bie agreed to pay $40 million to
black, Hispanic and Asian em-
ployees and job applicants to set-
tle a class-action federal discrimi-
nation lawsuit that accused the
clothing retailer of promoting
whites at the expense of minor-
The aircraft manual is part of a
lawsuit filed in 2010 by Michael
Stephen Bustin, who piloted the
company’s corporate jet from
February 2008 until he was termi-
nated in December 2009. Mr. Bus-
tin, who is now 55, claims he was
let go so that the company could
hire younger pilots more in step
with its corporate image. Aber-
crombie denied the allegations in
its court filings, saying Mr. Bus-
tin had been employed by a jet
aviation company, not Abercrom-
A message left on Abercrombie
& Fitch’s investor relations voice
mail was not returned, nor were a
call and e-mail sent to the compa-
ny’s lawyers. Neither did Mr.
Bustin’s lawyer respond to a call
and e-mail.
After some shareholders
raised questions about his unlim-
ited personal use of the company
jet, Mr. Jeffries received a lump-
sum payment of $4 million two
years ago to limit that use.
But when Mr. Jeffries traveled
on the company jet, he expected
to do it in style.
According to the manual, em-
ployees had to look for finger-
prints on the cabinet doors of the
aircraft lavatory, make sure the
bar of Jo Malone soap on the van-
ity did not slide out of place dur-
ing takeoff, provide eight tri-fold-
ed washcloths, and make sure
that toilet paper was not visible
and that the end square was not
Abercrombie & Fitch models at a store in Singapore. In flight, the crewhad to wear jeans, polo shirts, boxer briefs and flip flops. Suit Exposes Strict Manual for Abercrombie Flight Crew
Michael Jeffries, chief execu-
tive, specified where his dogs
Trouble and Ruby would sit.
Following are the most popular business news articles on from Oct. 12 through 18: 1. Quick, Hide the BlackBerry, It’s Too Uncool
2. Pandit, Citigroup’s Chief, Resigns His Post in Surprise Step
3. Reverse Mortgages Costing Some Older Americans Their Homes
4. Europe Presses Google to Change Privacy Policy
5. Google Shares Drop After Earnings Disappoint
6. Glenn Hubbard Is Romney’s Go-To Economist
7. Income Inequality May Take Toll on Growth
8. Alvin Roth and Lloyd Shapley Win Nobel in Economic Science
9. A Hard Landing for University Endowments
10. Google Aims to Move Ever More Seamlessly Into Daily Life
And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. Newsweek Will Cease Print Publication at End of Year (Media
2. Republicans Like Golf, Democrats Prefer Cartoons, TV Research
Suggests (Media Decoder) 3. Jon Stewart Proposes an Entrepreneurial Policy. Don’t Laugh.
(You’re the Boss)
4. Bruce Bartlett: Romney’s Tax Plan and Economic Growth
5. Graphene Could Usher in Flexible, Ultra-Slim Gadgets (Bits)
Nissan to Add Third Shift at Tennessee Factory
The Japanese automaker Nissan Motor announced Friday that it would
add a third shift at a vehicle assembly plant in Tennessee, adding more
than 800 jobs. Gov. Bill Haslam made the jobs announcement at an eco-
nomic development conference. Mr. Haslam said it’s the first time the
plant would operate on three shifts. The expanded work hours will
bring the total new Nissan jobs in the state to more than 2,000 since the
middle of last year. About 5,600 people work at the Smyrna plant, which
first began production in 1983. The Smyrna plant makes Nissan’s most
popular car, the midsize Altima sedan, among other models. Production
of the all-electric Leaf is set to begin at the plant in December, while as-
sembly of the Rogue is set to come to Smyrna next year. That will be the
first time the small S.U.V. is made in the United States. The Nissan
Americas vice chairman, Bill Krueger, said the new shift would begin
work on Sunday. “By 2015, 85 percent of Nissan vehicles sold in the U.S.
will be built here in North America,” Mr. Krueger said. (AP)
Crude Oil Prices Fall as Economic Concerns Persist
Brent crude prices fell on Friday for the fourth straight session,
dragged down by fresh global economic concerns and expectations that
a major Canadian crude oil pipeline to the United States would restart
on schedule. Concerns about the lack of progress on a Spanish bailout
dampened risk appetite, helping send equities and commodity markets
lower and lending support to the dollar. Oil prices initially turned nega-
tive in early trade following news that the TransCanada Corporation ex-
pected to restart the 590,000-barrel-a-day Keystone pipeline to the Unit-
ed States market over the weekend. (Reuters)
BUSINESS BRIEFING stalls scanners in malls to match
women’s bodies to mall brands.
Clothes Horse sells retailers an
algorithm and quiz so they can
advise customers what size will
fit in the retailers’ apparel.
Rent the Runway, though,is
taking it a step further. Users of
the site can already upload pho-
tos of themselves in the clothing
— Rent the Runway rents dress-
es and formal accessories for a
few days, at about 10 percent of
the retail cost. And women can
list their height, weight and chest
size alongside their reviews.
Now, visitors can perform find-
women-like-me searches, ask
questions of the other wearers,
and choose to see only real-life
women rather than models wear-
ing the clothing. (While Rent the
Runway will not get rid of the
photographs of the models, it will
push shoppers toward the real-
women photographs and reviews
instead.) When Rent the Runway
began allowing users to upload
photos a year ago, not only did
more than half of the people who
gave reviews volunteer their
weight and bust size, but the site
also found that the conversion
rate for shoppers who clicked on
real photos was double that of
shoppers who clicked on model
“Women are smart: you know
that while Gisele is beautiful, you
don’t look like Gisele,” said Jenni-
fer Hyman, chief executive and
co-founder of Rent the Runway,
which is based in New York and
was started in 2009.
The push toward real-world
images, however,could upset
some of the luxury brands that
sell to Rent the Runway. “When you present a luxury
brand, in my opinion it’s not
about being accessible — it’s all
about the dream, it’s all about the
aspiration,” said Marc Beckman,
founder of Designers’ Manage-
ment Agency, which has negoti-
ated deals for the designers Os-
car de la Renta and Stella Mc-
Cartney. While embracing cus-
tomers’ own photos made sense
for midprice brands, he said, it
did not work at the higher end.
“There’s a lot at risk,” he said.
Still, high-end fashion has been
becoming more inclusive: Ralph
Lauren is featuring a plus-size
model in a campaign, and other
designers are introducing plus-
size lines. And the designer Lan-
vin is featuring real people in an
ad campaign.
While Ms. Hyman said she ap-
plauded Lanvin for using women
who are not models, the design
house went only so far. “They
cast them, they edited them, they
retouched them — it’s not real,”
she said. “We’re saying, ‘Any
woman can submit a photo.’”
(Rent the Runway screens for
nudity and offensive images, but
otherwise, anything goes.)
“We are going to see a continu-
ing steady stream of this,” said
Kelly O’Keefe, a professor at Vir-
ginia Commonwealth Universi-
ty’s Brandcenter,pointing to
sites like Threadless that feature
user photos.“It has the advan-
tage for the consumer of seeing
how something looks on real peo-
ple, which is very attractive, and
it has the advantage for the
brand of getting real user partici-
pation, which is great. The disad-
vantage: people are an imperfect
The reader-submitted photos
resemble a bunch of feel-good
photos on someone’s refrigera-
tor, giving glimpses into different
lives — and body types. Almost
300 women have uploaded pic-
tures of themselves on Rent the
Runway in a gold, floor-length,
strapless Badgley Mischka dress
that rents for $125. They include,
for instance, a woman heading to
a Marine Corps ball, another pos-
ing for a prom in front of a
“You’re in Steelers Country”
banner, a third wearing it to the
Zulu Ball in New Orleans.Laura
Sartori, a 24-year-old merchan-
dise planner in Bentonville, Ark.,
said she depended on other us-
ers’ photos to see what works for
a tall woman like her.
“Seeing them on real girls, you
can get a better gauge of what
the dress is going to look like, be-
cause it’s not perfect photogra-
phy or a perfect model,” she said.
Ms. Sartori has lately been
posting her own reviews, and she
happily volunteered her own
height, weight, bust size and
body type. “I see that it’s helpful
to people, so I don’t mind,” she
said. On the revamped Rent the
Runway site,users can ask ques-
tions of the real-life wearers:
what heel height did you wear
with that? Did you wear Spanx?
Will that work as a maternity
All of this, of course, could take
away from the cachet of a luxury
item. “It’s not about the girl
around the corner that lives near
you and has a Gucci jacket, a
martini in her hand and is smok-
ing a cigarette — it’s about the
supermodel in Paris, shot by the
best photographer,” Mr. Beck-
man said.
Kylie Murray had some reser-
vations when she was about to
rent a DVF sequined dress over
the summer and found so many
photos of other women in the
same dress. “There’s a part of me
that was a little bit discouraged,
because if anybody can wear this,
then what makes it so special?”
she said. On the other hand, said
Ms. Murray, 25, who works in
merchandising in Manhattan, she
is 5 feet and 100 pounds, and pho-
tos of petite women in the dress
were helpful. In fact, Ms. Murray
now avoids Rent the Runway
dresses that do not have multiple
photo reviews.
Ms. Hyman said that design-
ers’ focus on fantasy was mis-
placed. “Real women are aspira-
tional, when they’re confident
and having fun,” she said. “We
believe the industry has gotten it
wrong when they think of what’s
She said that no brands had
withdrawn merchandise since
the site started encouraging user
photos, and while some brands
do not put their goods on Rent
the Runway, most of the design-
ers on the site “know that our
brand is about getting customers
into their brands — we think
we’re a gateway drug to designer
fashion,” she said.
Ms. Hines, for her part, finally
ordered from Rent the Runway
when she needed a dress for a
company party. She found a Ra-
chel Roy coral sheath, with a
square neckline, fitted waist, and
a little bit of stretch. Still, she
said, she wasn’t that confident in
it, since there were no reviews
from women who looked like her.
The dress fit — but she ordered
another size as backup, just in
case. A High Fashion Site Lets Women View Clothes on Models From the Real World
From First Business Page
A feeling that
designers focus too
heavily on fantasy.
Roger Ailes will remain in
charge of the Fox News Channel
for the next four years, News
Corporation said on Friday, end-
ing a protracted period of spec-
ulation about his contract negoti-
The previous contract was set
to expire next summer. By re-
newing, Mr. Ailes will remain at
Fox through the next presidential
election season in 2016.
News Corporation, which owns
Fox,confirmed the renewal in a
brief news release on Friday af-
ternoon. It was reported earlier
in the day by The Daily Beast. It
was unclear whether the new
contract takes effect immediate-
ly, or next year. Either way it will
take Mr. Ailes through the 20-
year anniversary of Fox News.
Mr. Ailes, 72, has run Fox News
since its founding in 1996. He has
also run a spinoff channel, the
Fox Business Network, since
2007, and he has oversight of
Fox’s local television stations and
its television syndication arm.
The notion that Mr. Ailes might
decide to retire has intrigued
many media observers this year,
especially after he hinted that he
might not stay at Fox News. Mr.
Ailes is widely credited with the
financial and cultural success of
Fox News, the highest-rated ca-
ble news channel and a mega-
phone for conservative commen-
tators like Bill O’Reilly and Sean
Hannity. The channel now rivals
the broadcast networks during
some big news events, like the
presidential debates this month. The terms of the new contract
were not released. Mr. Ailes is al-
ready one of the highest-paid ex-
ecutives in television; he has re-
ceived a base salary of $5 million
and a bonus of $1.5 million a year
for several years, as well as mil-
lions in compensation based on
the financial performance of Fox
News, according to public filings
by News Corporation. In the fiscal year that ended in
June, for instance, Mr. Ailes re-
ceived $9 million, paid in cash
rather than stock, as a reward for
Fox’s record earnings. Further-
more, he received $4 million in
stock awards tied to the perform-
ance of Fox Business. His total
compensation for the fiscal year
was $21 million, making him the
third-highest-paid executive at
News Corporation, behind the
chief executive, Rupert Murdoch,
who made $30 million, and Chase
Carey, the chief operating officer,
who made nearly $25 million. Tellingly, Mr. Murdoch’s and
Mr. Carey’s total compensation
dropped between 2011 and 2012;
Mr. Ailes’s compensation rose,
from $15.5 million the previous
fiscal year. In the public filing
that disclosed the compensation,
News Corporation cited the fact
that Fox News “held the top posi-
tion in cable news, grew its dis-
tribution to nearly 100 million
homes and successfully expand-
ed its brand to radio, Internet, in-
ternational and mobile markets.”
Roger Ailes Signs Up for Another 4 Years at Fox News
Roger Ailes, 72,ended speculation that he might retire as the
head of Fox News when he renewed his contract on Friday.
Mr. Ailes has run Fox
News since its
founding in 1996.
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BRUSSELS — Chancellor An-
gela Merkel of Germany damped
expectations on Friday that Irish
and Spanish banks hobbled by the
financial crisis would receive di-
rect aid from a newly established
European bailout fund.
If her view prevails, and Ger-
many’s often does, European res-
cue loans for the troubled banks,
at least in the near term, would be
carried on the books of the gov-
ernments in Dublin and Madrid,
adding to their debt burdens. The
Spanish prime minister, Mariano
Rajoy, has been particularly in-
tent on avoiding that burden.
But Ms. Merkel’s comments
here on Friday, at the conclusion
of a two-day summit meeting of
European leaders, made it clear
that Germany was among the
countries not willing to let bailout
money flow directly to troubled
banks any time soon. And even if
it consented someday, the money
would be meant to solve the
banks’ future problems,not to
clean up existing messes.
“If recapitalization is possible,
it will only be possible for the fu-
ture,” Ms. Merkel said at a news
Spanish and Irish hopes had
been buoyed at a summit meeting
in June, when the bloc’s leaders
agreed on a way that direct aid to
banks might be able to flow from
the new bailout fund, the Euro-
pean Stability Mechanism. The
condition was that a central reg-
ulator for euro zone banks first be
put in place under the aegis of the
European Central Bank.
But market pressures have
eased significantly since June,
and with them the sense of crisis.
And Germany, backed by Finland
and the Netherlands, has been
urging a more carefully consid-
ered approach to centralized
banking regulation for the region. On Friday, Ms. Merkel said
preparations to set up the single
banking supervisor would prob-
ably take until 2014.But by then,
she said, “we won’t have any
more problems with the Spanish
banks — at least,I hope not.”
Her comments would not affect
the availability of an emergency
pool of up to 100 billion euros, or
$131 billion, that euro zone finance
ministers have pledged for shor-
ing up Spain’s banking industry.
The Spanish government recently
indicated that it might seek up to
40 billion euros for that purpose.
But until this week’s meeting,
Spain had hoped its banks,and
not the government,would carry
those loans on their books and be
responsible for repaying them.
Now, if Mr. Rajoy wants to en-
list that aid, it seems he will have
to add it to Madrid’s debt load.
Germany is the biggest contrib-
utor to the permanent bailout
fund, and Ms. Merkel faced the
unwelcome prospect of dipping
into that pot before national elec-
tions in Germany in September
2013. Such aid could be an election
issue because German citizens
have grown weary of paying most
of the bill for bailouts, and they
are wary of using more money to
help Spanish banks.
At the news conference, Ms.
Merkel denied that one of her
goals at the meeting had been to
block the prospect of any new
German-financed bailouts before
the elections next year. But she
acknowledged that it would be
hard to erase that perception.
“No matter what I’m going to
say,it will probably not be the
right answer by your standards,”
Ms. Merkel said in response to a
question about the political impli-
cations of her stance,but “I ha-
ven’t even thought about this.”
On Thursday night, European
leaders had agreed that the legis-
lation to establish a more unified
banking system should be com-
pleted by the end of the year. But
they tweaked language in their fi-
nal report to make it clear that
they did not expect the new sys-
tem to enter into force by Jan. 1.
The leaders left it to finance
ministers “to agree on the practi-
cal details, and the discussions
will likely be complicated and de-
layed,” Philippe Gudin, an econo-
mist at Barclays, wrote in a brief-
ing note on Friday.
The French government and
the European Union’s administra-
tive arm, the European Commis-
sion, had sought to hasten the
legislation to let direct aid go to
some of the euro zone’s most vul-
nerable banks starting Jan. 1.
But in comments early Friday
after a late-night session, François
Hollande, the French president,
was unable to give a date for the
start of the system and instead
said the markets should take com-
fort that direct recapitalization of
banks should still be able to go for-
ward over the course of 2013.
Mr. Rajoy, the Spanish prime
minster, said after the summit
meeting that he remained con-
vinced that direct recapitalization
of his country’s banks would be
possible once the supervision was
in place. But he said Spain’s fi-
nances would be manageable
even without that option.
Enda Kenny, the Irish prime
minister, said finance ministers
would determine exactly how di-
rect recapitalization would work.
When agreed to in principle in
June, the creation of a banking
regulator for the euro area was
supposed to be relatively simple.
But Germany has since balked at
proposals by the European Com-
mission and France to put all 6,000
euro zone lenders under the direct
supervision of the regulator.
Before any changes occur, the
government in Berlin wants to en-
sure that the central bank has the
capacity to do that job, while some
German regional leaders oppose
greater scrutiny of state and local
banks by the central bank.
German Refusal on Bank Aid
Mars End of Europe Summit
to oil reserves but are also open
to private sector investment, like
Petrobras in Brazil and Statoil in
The company has taken pains
to emphasize that it will be run ef-
ficiently, hiring former executives
from Exxon Mobil and TNK-BP in
anticipation of the deal with BP. It
has also reaffirmed its privileged
access to new exploration sites in
the Arctic Ocean after Mr. Sechin
blocked a proposal by a liberal
wing of the Russian government
to open offshore drilling to com-
Cliff Kupchan,an analyst at the
Eurasia Group, which conducts
risk analysis on Russian politics
and economic policy for large in-
vestors including oil companies,
wrote in a research note that Ros-
neft’s expansion could tempt the
Russian government to use it
strategically, just as Aramco, the
Saudi Arabian company, is used
to influence oil prices. This would
— Russia appears poised to ap-
prove deals that would all but
double the size of the state oil
company Rosneft, bringing more
than half of the country’s oil in-
dustry under government control
for the first time since the early
1990s and creating a new player
on the world stage.
At the heart of the maneuver-
ing is the country’s third-largest
oil company, TNK-BP, which is a
joint venture between the British
oil giant BP and four Russian bil-
lionaires. Rosneft is negotiating
to buy out one or both partners.
If either or both of the sales are
concluded, Rosneft, whose head-
quarters is a mansion across the
Moscow River from the Kremlin,
is sure to expand its power on
global oil markets. If both deals
get done, Rosneft would become
the world’s largest publicly trad-
ed oil company in terms of crude
oil production, with the Russian
government as the majority own-
er.The transactions would also
lift the fortunes of Igor I. Sechin,
a former spy and close aide to
President Vladimir V. Putin, who
has championed them as Ros-
neft’s chief executive.
The company has been trying
to play down negative associa-
tions with state ownership. Ros-
neft is like a teddy bear, Mr.
Sechin told a group of investors
in London this month, in a video
posted on the company’s Web
site. “We love our teddy bear. We
clean it, look after it and take care
of it.”
The shift of BP’s Russian oper-
ations from private to state
hands is fraught with risks, both
for the company and the Russian
industry more broadly.
BP’s partnership with private
sector billionaires has yielded a
return of 34 percent annually
since it began in 2003. BP has
earned $19 billion in dividends on
an $8 billion investment and is
now poised to sell its stake for a
reported $25 billion to $28 billion.
BP’s investment in Rosneft
stock from 2006, when the state
company held an initial public of-
fering, brought BP a loss.
“The state is tempted to milk
the oil industry as a cash cow,”
Peter Westin,the chief equity an-
alyst at Aton, an investment bank
in Moscow, said by telephone, re-
ferring to both high taxes and ex-
panding government control.
The Kremlin, eager for invest-
ment to maintain the flow of oil
that props up Mr. Putin’s pop-
ularity and the improved living
standards of ordinary Russians,
has sought both control and mar-
ket-oriented policy changes un-
der Mr. Putin.
Rosneft is listed on the London
Stock Exchange and is among a
group of oil companies that are
owned or closely affiliated with
governments that control access
come with a distinction: unlike
Saudi Arabia, Russia would be
unlikely to coordinate such
moves with the United States.
Rosneft, if the acquisitions are
completed, would pump about
four million barrels of oil a day, or
about 40 percent of the output of
Saudi Arabia.
Oil analysts say Russia is un-
likely to withhold oil, even as this
becomes more feasible, because
shutting down continent-span-
ning oil pipelines is too expen-
sive. Also, many Siberian oil
wells cannot be stopped without
destroying them because perma-
frost surrounding their upper
portions would freeze the well
bore solid.
BP is hoping a deal with Ros-
neft might follow a similar arc of
profit as its deal with the oli-
BP made a fortune in Russia
by applying Western oil field
techniques to Soviet-era wells
and infrastructure, which worked
well despite BP’s blundering
technical reputation after the
Gulf of Mexico spill.
Sometimes, engineers made
adjustments as simple as open-
ing the spigot wider at the mouth
of a well because the previous
owners, following the Soviet axi-
om that they would pretend to
work for pretend pay, had never
bothered to check if more oil
could flow.
From the mid-1980s to
mid-1990s, Russian oil output
dropped by half to just more than
six million barrels a day, before
deals like the creation of TNK-BP
helped reverse the trend.
Overall production is now at
about 10 million barrels a day,
about tied with the levels of Saudi
Arabia, but again in decline.
But future growth from fixing
sloppy late Soviet work is un-
likely, and a new chapter is open-
ing in the history of the Russian
oil industry.
“The landscape going forward
looks a lot less attractive than the
experience of the last 10 years,”
said Peter Hutton,an analyst at
RBC Capital Markets. Referring
to the revival of old fields in Sibe-
ria using Western technology, he
said:“TNK-BP has been able to
get fairly low-hanging fruit in the
brownfield revolution. Getting
additional reserves is going to be
a lot more difficult.”
One senior oil company execu-
tive close to BP said the part-
nership could similarly transfer
know-how to Rosneft.
“Mr. Sechin and Mr. Dudley
have known each other for
years,” he said, referring to BP’s
chief executive, Robert W. Dud-
ley, a former director of TNK-BP.
“There is a willingness on the
part of the leadership of Rosneft
to get expertise and people from
BP to improve the capability of
With 2 Big Deals Approaching, Rosneft Stands to Become a Global Oil Power
Andrew E. Kramer reported from
Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia, and
Stanley Reed from London. THE NEW YORK TIMES
The state oil company Rosneft has its headquarters in a mansion across the Moscow River from the Kremlin. It is looking to buy out the partners in TNK-BP.
Arctic Ocean
North Pole
Shaded areas contain potentially more than 100 trillion cubic feet, or 2.8 trillion cubic meters, of natural gas and more than 10 billion barrels of oil. Source: U.S. Geological Survey
BP’s assets in Alaska are concentrated in the North Slope
Rosneft has priviledged access to these potential oil and gas resources
the developed world,
people are working
more years than they
used to. Many are retiring later,
presumably because they need
the money. The Organization for Econom-
ic Cooperation and Development
this week released its latest fig-
ures on the proportion of people
in older age groups working,
showing that some European
countries, whose social welfare
systems had made possible ear-
ly retirements, have begun to
keep more people on the job.
In 2003, less than a third of
German men age 60 to 64, and
less than a sixth of German
woman of the same age, were
working. In the numbers for 2011
released this week, more than
half of the men and a third of the
women had jobs.
But as can be seen in the ac-
companying charts, it is still rel-
atively rare for Germans over 65
to continue working.
Italy is one country that
seems to have avoided change.
In 2001, about 30 percent of men
in their early 60s had jobs, as did
11 percent of women. A decade
later, the figures were virtually
identical. Older workers in the United
States have long been more like-
ly to have jobs than their Euro-
pean counterparts. But since
2008,the proportion of American
men in their early 60s who are
working has fallen by three per-
centage points, to 54.7 percent,
as a weak economy limited hir-
ing. But the proportion of men
with jobs in the 65 to 69 age
bracket has continued to rise as
men who could do so delayed re-
The proportion of men in their
early 60s with jobs also fell in
Iceland, Portugal and Turkey. In
Greece, the proportion of men in
their early 60s with jobs fell to
37.5 percent in 2011 from 44 per-
cent in 2008.
In many countries, said Anne
Sonnet, a senior economist at the
O.E.C.D. and team leader of its
older workers review, “the main
problem for older workers is to
be hired” for new jobs, not to
keep jobs they already have.
“There is almost no job mobility
for older workers.”
The figures were released for
the 34 countries in the O.E.C.D.,
which includes all the major de-
veloped countries and some
countries that have developed
since the organization was estab-
lished half a century ago. But the
group still does not include such
rapidly growing countries as Bra-
zil, India and China.
Ms. Sonnet said the recession
that enveloped the world in 2008,
and that seems to have returned
in some European countries, was
different from earlier downturns
in the 1970s and 1980s in that
countries did not encourage ear-
ly retirements of older workers
to make jobs available to young-
er people.
She sees longer working years
as a good thing in a world where
life expectancies have risen.
“For the society,it is very im-
portant to work longer to avoid
higher social costs from having
to pay retirees for many, many
years,” she said in a telephone
There remains a large diversi-
ty in employment patterns, a di-
versity that is growing in Eu-
rope. While Germans are more
likely to keep working into their
60s, their French neighbors still
generally quit before they reach
their 60th birthdays. In 2011, just
one in five Frenchmen age 60 to
64 still held jobs, as did one in
six women.
Of the 34 O.E.C.D. countries,
only Hungary, with 17.9 percent
of men in their early 60s holding
jobs, had lower employment
among men in that age range.
At the other extreme, more than
70 percent of men 60 to 64 were
working in Iceland, New Zea-
land, Chile and Japan.
In five countries — Slovakia,
Belgium, Spain, France and
Hungary —fewer than 10 per-
cent of men in their late 60s had
jobs, In four others — Mexico,
Iceland, Chile and South Korea
— more than half of those men
were employed. OFF THE CHARTS
Working Longer in the Developed World
Source: O.E.C.D.
In Most C
es, People Work Longer
The length of work lives has risen in most developed countries over the last decade, as some countries pushed up minimum retirement ages. But in some countries, including the United States, the proportion of people in their early 60s with jobs has declined, reflecting the poor economy since the financial crisis.
*The 21 E.U. countries in the O.E.C.D. are Austria, Belgium, Britain, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.
Men 60-64
Percentage of each age group with jobs, 2001-2011
Women 60-64Men 65-69 Women 65-69
E.U. 21*
Still want to retire
young? The choices
are narrowing. Try
France or Italy.
Focus on the Personal Economy
As many of the social structures we have relied on in the past for re-
tirement seem to disappear or appear vulnerable (company pensions
and Social Security to name two), we’re becoming increasingly re-
sponsible for our own financial futures. But at the same time we’re
overwhelmed with information about how to handle our money.
Never before have we had so much information about how to han-
dle money, and never before have so many felt out of control. Sorting
though this noise is more important than ever, not only for our finan-
cial futures but also for our mental health.
Obviously, it’s easy to get distracted. And based on the questions I
get, people are really distracted when it comes to money.
Should I buy this stock?
What do you think the market will do?
Will Europe go down in flames?
Will the economy ever recover?
But what if instead of asking those questions, we asked these ques-
How much can I save?
How is my portfolio allocated?
Can I pick up some extra work this month?
Can I start a little business on the side?
By asking these questions we switch our focus to things we have at
least some control over. We start to focus on our personal economy, in-
stead of the global economy. Our personal economy becomes the filter
for all the noise. The sooner you figure out the value of this filter, the
faster you’ll be able to make sense of the noise. CARL RICHARDS
When I started getting serious about improving my finances
last year, I was reading a ton of blogs about money. I would read for an
hour a day. Eventually, it became more noise, even though it was help-
ful noise and it definitely drilled some principles and values in me
which I never had before: don’t spend what you don’t have, set aside
savings from everything you earn, have a plan for your money and a
plan to get out of debt. Now, it’s a matter of taking it to the next step
and making a little more money to get out of debt faster. I don’t need to
read everything, just to make sure I do research on the things I am do-
ing.— AmericanDebtProject, LA
Student Loans
Get Scrutiny
Complaints received about
the handling of private student
loans bear an “uncanny resem-
blance” to complaints about
mortgage servicing during the
housing crisis, says the federal
ombudsman for student loans.
Rohit Chopra,the loan om-
budsman for the Consumer Fi-
nancial Protection Bureau and
the author of a new report pre-
pared for Congress on private
loans, says the bureau has re-
ceived nearly 3,000 complaints
about private student loans
since March.
Unlike student loans made by
the federal government, private
loans lack some protections, like
income-based repayment plans
to help borrowers manage pay-
ments. Many borrowers said
they were never advised about
the difference between a federal
and private student loan and
complained that they had not
been fully informed of the terms
of their loans.
The vast majority of the com-
plaints related to servicing of
the loans, like problems with
fees, billing, deferments and for-
bearances. Many borrowers told
the agency that they had trouble
getting their payments credited
properly, and obtaining accu-
rate information about their
loans from their servicing firms.
They often ran into trouble
when their loans were trans-
ferred or sold to different servic-
The report notes that some
borrowers reported problems
with unauthorized payments, in
cases where the borrower had a
checking or savings account
with the same institution that
was servicing the loan. If the
borrower was late with a pay-
ment, the bank might deduct the
money from the account auto-
matically — sometimes even
charging an overdraft fee if the
payment overdrew the account.
Many borrowers reported
that they had tried to make
“good faith” payments but were
placed in default anyway.
Mr. Chopra’s report makes
several general recommenda-
tions. Congress, he urges,
should consider options that
would allow borrowers to modi-
fy or refinance their student
loans at lower interest rates. It
also suggests that the head of
the consumer bureau and other
federal agencies look into ways
to improve servicing of such
loans. The report also urges offi-
cials to consider broader appli-
cation of income-based repay-
ment plans already available for
federal loans, to reduce the bur-
den on students who also have
private loans. ANN CARRNS
COMMENT He’s proposing forcing
private companies to permit re-
financing to a lower interest rate,
when Congress flat refuses to do
so for federal loans? I knew what
I was signing up for, and I make
all of my payments, but federal di-
rect loans were sold as a better
deal than private ones, not worse.
— Susan, New Jersey
Medicare Plans
Medicare has an annual open
enrollment period, just as em-
ployer-based health insurance
plans do, when beneficiaries can
change their coverage options.
This year’s window opened this
week and remains open until
Dec. 7.
Consumer Reports has tips
from its health insurance expert,
Nancy Metcalf, to navigate the
open enrollment period.
If, for instance, you have the
original version of Medicare and
pay extra for prescription drug
coverage (so-called Part D cover-
age), you may want to make sure
medications you need are still
covered under your plan, to
avoid having to pay more for
If you have a Medicare Advan-
tage plan — with private
H.M.O.’s or P.P.O.’s that you may
choose, instead of original Medi-
care — you should also check to
see if your plan is still the best
available option. The plans may
include drug benefits or cover-
age for other health needs, like
dental care, but benefits can
change from year to year. You
will want to make sure that you
can still afford the premiumand
that your doctor is still included
in the plan.
The Web site
has a tool that can help in com-
paring options for both Part D
drug coverage plans and Medi-
care Advantage plans, based on
where a person lives. To get the most out of it, you
will need to know what type of
plan you nowhave. If you do not
know, the tool lets you enter in-
formation, including your Medi-
care number, to find out. Or you
can call 1-800-MEDICARE (633-
4227) and ask. You will also need
a list of your medications, along
with details of dosage and fre-
quency of use.
By Reuters
McDonald’s posted its worst
quarterly restaurant sales
growth in nine years on Friday,
lifting the curtain on the fast-
food industry’s fight for custom-
ers in a weak economy.
The world’s biggest fast-food
chain is battling more than the
bleak global economy that is
curbing appetites for its ham-
burgers, salads and smoothies.
Resurgent chains like Burger
King Worldwide and Yum
Brands’ Taco Bell are challeng-
ing McDonald’s in the United
States with revamped menus, ce-
lebrity endorsers and a renewed
focus on low-priced food.
McDonald’s domestic market
falls just behind Europe as the
company’s top region for sales.
“You have a scenario where
the overall pie is shrinking, and
companies are competing ag-
gressively to take their piece of
it,” Sara Senatore,a Bernstein
Research analyst, said.
Third-quarter net income at
McDonald’s fell 3.5 percent to
$1.46 billion, or $1.43 a share,
from $1.51 billion, or $1.45 a
share, a year earlier. It missed
analysts’ average estimate by 4
cents, according to Thomson
Reuters. Total sales slipped 0.2
percent to $7.15 billion.
When asked to explain why
the third quarter’s results lagged
even those put up during the
height of the financial crisis, Mc-
Donald’s chief executive, Don
Thompson,attributed the results
to the tougher battle for custom-
ers and economic challenges in
each of the company’s major re-
That confluence of factors
forced McDonald’s to miss Wall
Street’s earnings estimates for
the second quarter in a row. It
also warned that sales at estab-
lished restaurants,a closely
watched gauge of restaurant per-
formance,were down so far this
“When the economic crisis be-
gan in 2008, few people thought
the environment would still be as
uncertain and fragile as it is to-
day,” Mr. Thompson said.
He added that the company’s
market share was flat or up in all
major markets.
McDonald’s stock fell 4.5 per-
cent to close at $88.72, The impact of a stronger dollar,
which decreases the value of
sales overseas for American
companies, trimmed earnings by
8 cents a share.
McDonald’s global sales at res-
taurants open at least 13 months
rose 1.9 percent, the first gain of
less than 2 percent since the sec-
ond quarter of 2003.
That result just missed the 2
percent increase that analysts
polled by Consensus Metrix had
expected because of shortfalls in
the United States and the Asia-
Pacific, Middle East and Africa
AMcDonald’s in Paris. The impact of a stronger dollar trimmed earnings by 8 cents a share. thoroughly serve every constitu-
ent who contacts them,” accord-
ing to “Keeping It Local,” a guide
published by the Congressional
Management Foundation, a non-
profit organization focused on of-
fice operations and citizen in-
volvement. It’s worth a shot, however.
What follows is a rundown of
some of the many roles that
these caseworkers take on, in-
cluding surprising advice on how
early in your problem-solving
process you should contact
times people call or write to their
representatives because they
don’t know who else to call. “A
woman called who thought that a
member of Congress could give
her free birth control,” said Ryan
Stenger, chief of staff for Repre-
sentative Bob Gibbs, Republican
of Ohio. “I don’t think people un-
derstand what Congress does
Often, callers’ issues are ones
that state legislators or local offi-
cials must handle. Still, that’s an
easy referral to make:many
House and Senate staff members
know whomto contact else-
where,and many have even
worked in other parts of govern-
ment. So don’t worry too much about
being a pest. In fact, it’s better to
call too soon than too late. “Hun-
dreds if not more times, we’ve
told them, ‘If you could have only
contacted us earlier,’” Mr. Cant-
well said. “A lot of this stuff has
things that have to be in by a cer-
tain date, or there are so many
months to appeal this or do that.”
Not long ago, Representative
Chabot’s staff heard from a
woman who had received per-
mission in 2000 from the Equal
Employment Opportunity Com-
mission to file a lawsuit. She had
only a limited time in which to
sue,and she did not meet the
deadline. Years later, she want-
ed the congressman to somehow
turn back the clock.
The bottom line is this: If
you’re dealing with a federal
agency, it’s a matter of real fi-
nancial importance and there is
even a small chance that you’re
not understanding the process
or the agency’s decision, ask
your elected representative for
In a recent article in
the Sunday Review section of
The New York Times — one that
gave me the idea for this column
— Fred A. Bernstein, a journalist
and lawyer, mentioned a friend
who got a mortgage modification.
Her senator made an inquiry
with a regulator after her own ex-
tensive efforts at persuading her
lender to adjust her loan had
failed. Caseworkers are wary of
promising too much on this front.
They are not supposed to talk to
your lender; they can only speak
to its regulator, often the comp-
troller of the currency. And they
will usually do so only if they be-
lieve a legitimate question has
gone unanswered. “We’re not
trying to twist arms,” Mr. Cant-
well said. “The fact is, we’re not
allowed to do that.”
Mr. Stenger added that the role
of the staff in Representative
Gibbs’s office was often to pass
something along,beginning with
an innocent inquiry. “You need to
be careful in casework to give the
benefit of the doubt to both
sides,” he said. “What we do is
make people communicate with
whom they are supposed to be
communicating with quicker.”
This is a close
cousin to the mediator role, and
the fact is that House and Senate
staff members have a better set
of scissors than you do. Gene
Crockett, a constituent liaison for
Representative Tim Ryan, Dem-
ocrat of Ohio, has wielded the
shears a number of times.
A couple of years ago, he heard
from a constituent who relied en-
tirely on his Social Security
check for his living expenses.
The check had stopped coming,
and he couldn’t figure out why.
Neither could Mr. Crockett,at
first. “I asked him if he had a first
wife or something, but that
wasn’t it,” he recalled.
He made a few calls and got
the Internal Revenue Service in-
volved. Eventually, he discov-
ered that a clerk had switched
two digits when recording some-
body else’s Social Security num-
ber,causing the man to be mis-
taken for a woman in Illinois who
owed the I.R.S. a lot of money.
The man probably would have
starved before figuring that out
on his own.
Another time, Mr. Crockett
helped a befuddled nun whose
Medicare drug plan kept switch-
ing, no matter how many times
she switched it back to the one
she wanted. He soon discovered
that there was a woman in Flor-
ida with the same name who was
born on the same day. “Every
time the woman I was helping
switched it, the lady in Florida
would get mad and switch it right
back,” he said. “How would they
have ever found that out?”
He is quick to note, however,
that he is not in the business of
changing inconvenient facts, like
the ones that govern qualification
for disability benefits from the
Social Security Administration.
“You have to have worked five
out of the last 10 years,” he said.
“There are people who haven’t
worked,and they get administra-
tively denied. And then they
want to argue with you, and you
can’t change the rules.”
But every so often,
when things are truly dire, a
nudge from a member of Con-
gress can make the rules work as
they ought to more quickly. This
year, Amanda Binion, a 22-year-
old nursing student in Niles,
Ohio, came down with a life-
threatening form of pancreatitis
just after her father lost his job
and her health insurance was
about to disappear. Qualifying for Medicaid was
the only way to pay for the treat-
ment she needed, but state rules
made her ineligible unless the So-
cial Security Administration de-
clared her disabled. When it became clear how long
that might take under normal cir-
cumstances, Ms. Binion wrote an
e-mail to Representative Ryan’s
office and crossed her fingers.
She received a reply the next
day, and within about six weeks
she was on the Medicaid rolls. “We were desperate,” she said.
“Without their help, I would have
been waiting for months.”
When to Call Your Elected Representatives for Help
From First Business Page
Every member of the House of Representatives has employees who help constituents with thorny issues, many of them financial.
A chance to cut red
tape or to make the
rules work as they
should a little faster.
Readers of the Bucks personal
finance blog share tales of
their efforts to get help from their
elected representatives. And
caseworkers in those offices share
their successes and failures.
F all the types of insurance peo-
ple are thinking about,dis-
ability insurance may be the
last on the list.
One reason is that most people who
have it got it through their employer
and have given it little thought. Another
is that people are not likely to go out and
buy it on their own because it is so ex-
pensive, the exception being certain oc-
cupational groups, like doctors.Yet it
does serve an important purpose in re-
placing a portion of your salary if you
get hurt or become sick and are unable
to work for several months or more.
Still, figuring out the real risk of be-
coming disabled is difficult. My col-
league Ron Lieber wrote a Your Money
column about the various and divergent
estimates in 2010.
According to the Social Security Ad-
ministration,a 20-year-old in 2011 had a
30 percent chance of being disabled for
at least six months before retirement.
That is a fairly scary statistic, but I
couldn’t help thinking it was slightly
misleading. After all, someone who
moves refrigerators for a living is at
greater risk for the most common dis-
ability claim —muscular-skeletal inju-
ry, according to Sun Life Financial —
than someone who works in an office.
But the second most common cause for
a claim, cancer, doesn’t care what you
do for a living. If you are like me, you also wonder
about the likelihood of an insurer pay-
ing a disability claim. Will it pay
promptly when you submit the proper
paperwork or give you the runaround
until you give up, as was the case with
one insurer, Unum, several years ago?
And to be clear, I am talking about
private disability insurance. Anyone
who is working and paying into Social
Security is eligible to apply for Social
Security disability insurance, though
the average benefit is only $1,188 a
So how do you make an informed de-
cision? THE COST
The first thing anyone who
has looked into buying disability insur-
ance has probably been struck by is the
cost. Dallas L. Salisbury,president and
chief executive of the Employee Benefit
Research Institute, a public policy re-
search group in Washington, said that
the cost for coverage in a group policy
runs about $16.30 per $1,000 of coverage
with a waiting period of 30 days and a
maximum benefit of $15,000 a month.
For individuals buying their own poli-
cies, he said,the cost is $18.60 per $1,000
of coverage but with a 90-day waiting
That may seem comparable, but it’s
not. The 90-day waiting period is like a
higher deductible on your homeowner’s
insurance, and it makes the policy con-
siderably cheaper than it would other-
wise be.The 90 days is also long enough
to eliminate most smaller, short-term
Compare that with the costs for life
insurance, which Mr. Salisbury said
typically are about 22 cents per $1,000.
Chris Quinn, vice president for the
employee group benefits division at Sun
Life Financial, said another way to
think about it was that the premium
was 1 percent of someone’s salary in a
group plan and 3.5 percent of that sala-
ry in an individual plan.
Mr. Salisbury said that while the
number of disability claims had re-
mained constant for decades, the costs
remained high because of the small
pools of people with disability insurance
and the fact that insurance companies
might be obliged to make payments for
“The old theory was as soon as fewer
people are doing backbreaking work,
there will be fewer claims,” Mr. Salis-
bury said. “But it turns out more people
are doing damaging work. Take carpal
tunnel syndrome from repetitive usage.
Some of the old theories hadn’t contem-
plated computer keyboards.”
The cost of policies that increase
someone’s disability payment above the
typical 50 to 60 percent of income is
even higher. The reason, Mr. Salisbury
and others said, is what is called ad-
verse selection bias: the people most
likely to buy additional coverage are
likely to have some condition or family
history that makes them believe they
will need it. THE CALCULATION
The decision for most
people on whether to buy an individual
policy or add to an employer-sponsored
one comes down to a personal risk as-
David Ropeik,a consultant and teach-
er who has written two books about as-
sessing risk, said that when he and his
wife had young children and were con-
templating buying additional disability
insurance, they decided against it. “We engaged in the process because
we were worried about it in the first
place,” Mr. Ropeik said. “If we had been
more emotionally worried, we would
have fantasized about worst-case sce-
narios. We were fortunate that our in-
comes could support the other one if
something happened.”
But Mr. Ropeik was careful to say
that he was not arguing against buying
disability insurance. “Our willingness to
spend money to defray our worry de-
pends on who we are as individuals,” he
said. “It’s not a waste of money if you
never collect. You’re buying something.
You’re getting a value.”
For some people like Jonathan Skin-
ner,a professor of economics at Dart-
mouth College who has done research
on disability coverage around the world,
that value is peace of mind. He said he
bought as much additional coverage as
he could under the college’s plan. “As an economist,I’m happiest to in-
sure the things that are rare occur-
rences that don’t cost much to insure
against,” he said. “The disability top-up
gives me peace of mind 100 percent of
the time.”
When I asked him how someone
steeped in economic reasoning could
want to have maximum coverage for a
low-probability event, he said, like oth-
ers I spoke to who had done the same,
that he had been driven by fear. “The thing I fear the most is becom-
ing disabled and requiring outside care
that’s really expensive,” he said. “I
don’t want my wife and my family to
drop what they’re doing and take care
of me.”
What both Mr. Ropeik and Professor
Skinner did, though, was ask whether
they could maintain their lifestyles if
they could no longer work.But most
claims do not last that long.
Sun Life said claims on policies with a
90-day waiting period last about three
years, while those filed on policies with
a 180-day waiting period run to 4.5
years. But insurers are quick to point
out that every company is paying
claims on people in their 20s who will be
on disability until their policies end,
usually at 65. Andy Sullivan,senior vice president
for disability and small market business
operations at Prudential, said most peo-
ple went back to work in two years. “If
they go beyond that 24-month point, you
see the extension of the disability to
several years,” he said.
To help people make their own calcu-
lation, the Council for Disability Aware-
ness, a trade group backed by the insur-
ance industry, created a calculator
called What’s My Personal Disability
Quotient. When I put in some basic in-
formation about myself, I was told that I
had a 12 percent chance of becoming
disabled for at least three months. Barry Lundquist,president of the
group, said the site was created using
the same actuarial tables that disability
insurers use to price policies. But he,
like everyone I spoke to in the industry,
cautioned against taking consolation
from a low percentage chance. “The important take-away is that we
all have a disability risk that is too high
to ignore, whether 5 percent or 50 per-
cent,” he said. “The potential loss of in-
come is usually in the millions of dollars
considering one’s career earnings po-
Of course, people do get
disabled and collect payments. What struck me was how frank insur-
ers were about trying to get people back
to work quickly so they could stop mak-
ing payments. This is good —who
wants to be loafing around?—but it
also ran counter to how I imagined dis-
ability insurance working. “We have incentives in our program
that offer transition benefits,” Mr. Quinn
said. “We now include rehabilitation in-
centives. If you go back to work and it’s
at a lower salary, we’ll augment your
salary for some period of time. The in-
centives we provide are focused on the
notion that most people want to be back
at work.”
This was the case with Linda Hatch-
ett, who is 62 years old. But not all of
these programs work out as planned.
An experienced dialysis nurse in Nash-
ville, she fell and broke her hip last year.
She rested for several months, and then
her doctors decided her hip needed to
be replaced. While she was recovering,
her job was eliminated. In January, her hip healed,she start-
ed looking for a job that would use her
skills but not be too strenuous. Sun Life
offered her career counseling and she
accepted a lump sum settlement from it
in April, thinking she would easily find a
job. But it hasn’t happened yet, despite
a lot of networking.
“The longer I’m out of work,the more
scary it becomes,” she said. “I love to
work. I miss it. Financially,we’ve had to
scale back.”
Weighing the Odds
Of Disability,
For Insurance Purposes
While Linda Hatchett of Nashville was recovering from a hip replacement, her job was eliminated.Her disability in-
surer offered her career counseling and she accepted a lump sum disability payment. But she hasn’t found a job.
IKE most households, we recycle
pretty religiously. It’s easy,
though, because our town in
suburban New York allows us to
throwpretty much everything into one
bin,and it gets picked up at the curb.
Recycling has become so automatic
that if we’re out and there’s no place to
recycle that soda can or bottle, it feels
slightly illicit to just drop it in the trash.
It’s like littering. You just don’t do it.
Lately, however, I started wondering
—are we really doing anything with all
this recycling besides feeling better
about the stuff we buy? Much of the discussion has focused
on the economic impact. That issue has
been batted back and forth with mixed
results, although most experts now
agree that cities have become more ex-
perienced and more effective —and
therefore made it more cost-efficient —
to recycle most products rather than
dump them in landfills.
I’m more curious about what impact
it has on other environmental behavior.
And when I started looking at that more
closely, I discovered that there’s an in-
tense debate going on about this issue.
Recycling “is good civic behavior,”
said Samantha MacBride, an assistant
professor of public affairs at Baruch
College, City University of New York,
but it’s oversold as a panacea to a whole
host of environmental ills,from over-
flowing landfills to global warming.“I
wouldn’t say that people who do recy-
cling feel they’ve done everything they
can by participating, but they think
there’s a lot more being achieved than
there actually is,” she said.Nationally,
said Professor MacBride, who is the au-
thor of “Recycling Reconsidered” (MIT
Press, 2011),recycling prevents only
about one-third of all trash from ending
up in landfills.
Partly, she said, that is because peo-
ple are not recycling everything they
can. Partly it’s because the recycling
model in most municipalities of picking
up a bin with all the recyclables mixed
together, especially the plastics,doesn’t
work well.
“There’s a huge range of plastic ma-
terials and hundreds of different res-
ins,” Professor MacBride said. “We
need markets and processes to route
them back into production and for the
most part,those processes don’t exist.”
So some plastics are sent in bales to
China and developing countries,and
some are disposed of in landfills.
The emphasis, she said, has to be
much more on regulating and recycling
waste from manufacturers rather than
consumer waste.
The other problem is that while “re-
cycling is a wonderful thing to do if
we’re comparing it to throwing stuff
away, it has become a reward for con-
sumption,” said Michael Maniates, a
professor of environmental science at
Allegheny College in Pennsylvania. Gernot Wagner, an economist with
the Environmental Defense Fund and
author of “But Will the Planet Notice:
How Smart Economics Can Save the
World,” (Hill and Wang,2011),agrees.
“There’s a well-documented phenom-
enon known as single-action bias,
where people do one thing and move
on,” he said. “People don’t explicitly
think,‘I’ve recycled a cup and solved
global warming,’ but rather once
they’ve done an action like recycling,
they feel consciously or subconsciously
like they’ve done their part.”
Or as the Center for Research on En-
vironmental Decisions, which is affiliat-
ed with the Earth Institute at Columbia
University,says on its Web site: “Al-
though recycling is important, it should
be but one activity in a series of behav-
ior changes aimed at reducing climate
change. Switching to wind or other re-
newable energies, consuming less meat,
conserving daily energy use and eating
locally grown food are other effective
ways to mitigate climate change, to
name but a few. However, if individuals
and institutions participate in recycling
programs, they may be prone to the sin-
gle-action bias and feel like they are al-
ready doing enough to protect the envi-
Hold on there, said Allen Hershko-
witz,senior scientist and director of the
solid waste project at the environmental
organization the Natural Resources De-
fense Council.“I’ve never dealt with a
person or company who said, ‘We recy-
cle so we don’t have to do anything
else.’ It’s,‘We recycle, what else can we
In his role as an adviser to the Nation-
al Hockey League, Major League Base-
ball and the National Basketball Associ-
ation,among others, he said he found
that recycling was “an entry activity
that leads to other activities such as
buying recycled, energy effectiveness
and fan education.”
Juliet Schor, a professor of sociology
at Boston College, said that a number of
European studies had demonstrated
that people who bought green products
or did some sort of similar “conscious
consumerism” didn’t stop there, but
continued on with other types of envi-
ronmental activism.
A study conducted by Professor
Schor and a graduate student,Margaret
Willis,and published recently in The
Annals of the American Academy of Po-
litical and Social Science,called “Does
Changing Light Bulbs Lead to Changing
the World? Political Action and the Con-
scious Consumer” looked at the concern
that “individual action substitutes or
‘crowds out’ civic and collective action.”
Part of the study included 2,271 sur-
vey responses from people identified as
being “conscious consumers” through
an ecologically oriented nonprofit or-
ganization the Center for a New Ameri-
can dream.These respondents, largely
white, female and highly educated, were
asked questions like how often (ranging
from “never” to “very consistently”)
they engaged in such activities as
choosing to drive less, contacting gov-
ernment representatives to express an
opinion and buying local or green
While the study didn’t look at recy-
cling in particular, it found that those
who chose to do individual green ac-
tions were also more involved in other
broader political activism.
But Professor Schor said she was
troubled that recycling “is what they’re
teaching kids in school is going to save
the world.”
And that was the point Professor
MacBride wanted to emphasize. “We don’t want to hear the bad side
of recycling,” Professor MacBride said.
“That’s a child’s view of the world. It’s
time to grow up.”
So what can we do? Remember that
there’s two other Rs —reduce and re-
use —that are far too often ignored.
“As it has turned out ‘reuse’ is some-
thing that our kids learn in school as
part of the ‘three Rs,’” Professor Ma-
niates said.“But it has no resonance or
meaning in mainstream or popular en-
vironmental politics and living. I
brought my hangers to the dry cleaner
and said, ‘Maybe you can reuse these’
and they said, ‘Sure, we’ll recycle
David N. Pellow, a professor of sociol-
ogy at the University of Minnesota,of-
fered a similar perspective.“I would
urge people to buy fewer things, buy
higher quality, fix things when they’re
broken. I would encourage people to re-
cycle as a last stage after they’ve done
all these other things.”
And remember not to buy into single-
action bias. As Mr. Hershkowitz said:
“We are dealing with a gigantic problem
and there is no one large undertaking
that any individual or business or coun-
try can do to solve our ecological prob-
lems. It will take billions of people mak-
ing highly intelligent ecological
Recycling Helps, but It’s Not All You Can Do for the Environment
A lone recycling bin alongside trash cans on a street in Houston, which recycles only about 3 percent of its trash.
Readers of the Bucks personal
finance blog discuss whether they
have bought disability insurance — on
their own or through their employer —
and their experience, if they ever had to
use it.
for the government’s allegations
and we hope to convince a jury of
Ms. Febles is hardly the first
executive assistant accused of
fleecing a corporate boss, a crime
that investigations and securities
firms say happens with some fre-
quency. One of the more memo-
rable incidents happened in 2002,
when a secretary who worked for
E. Scott Mead, a top banker at
Goldman Sachs in London, was
imprisoned after looting more
than $5 million by wiring blocks
of his money to bank accounts in
Cyprus. Experts say that these inci-
dents arise for several reasons.
Investment bankers and corpo-
rate lawyers are often on the
road, working 60 to 80 hours a
week, and they give secretaries a
lot of discretion.They also say
that class envy often factors into
these crimes. And in cases like
the one involving Mr. Salomon,
elder abuse can play a role. “People put an excessive
amount of trust in individuals
who have fiduciary duty and
signing power over their ac-
counts,” said Daniel E. Karson,
chairman of Kroll Advisory Solu-
tions, a corporate investigations
firm. “And part of what goes into
the larcenous thinking is that this
is a wealthy person who isn’t
counting their nickels and dimes
and will never miss the money.” Prosecutors say that Ms.
Febles worked for Mr. Salomon
from 2000 until September 2011,
answering his phones, schedul-
ing his appointments and paying
his bills.Mr. Salomon authorized
Ms. Febles to prepare personal
checks that he would sign.After
he signed the checks, many of
which were made out to “cash” or
“petty cash,” Ms. Febles would al-
ter the withdrawal amount and
deposit excess funds in her own
bank account, according to the
government’s complaint. In 2010, for example, Mr. Salo-
mon’s expenses,paid in cash,to-
taled about $450,000, but checks
in excess of $1.1 million were is-
sued that year from his bank ac-
counts, the complaint said. Pros-
ecutors say that Ms. Febles was
the only other person given ac-
cess to his accounts.
The money, totaling $1.8 mil-
lion, is said to have been stolen in
small increments over a period of
years. In one instance, prosecu-
tors say, Ms. Febles made out a
check for “nine hundred” dollars,
but when the check was negotiat-
ed, the words “nine thousand”
were added before the words
“nine hundred.” Ms. Febles lived more like a
Wall Street banker than a secre-
tary who earned no more than
$93,000 a year, according to court
filings. Last year she paid more
than $50,000 cash for a Range
Rover and about $35,000 for a
Mercedes-Benz. Recent cruise
vacations cost her $45,000. She
paid for such extravagances, the
government says, by skimming
from Mr. Salomon’s fortune.
Born and raised in New York
City, Mr. Salomon, who is known
as Billy, skipped college and
joined his father’s firm at 19.
While serving as senior manag-
ing partner for 15 years during
the 1960s and 1970s, Mr. Salomon
orchestrated the firm’s transfor-
mation from a small bond-trading
house to one of the country’s
largest and most profitable in-
vestment banks. “Pleasant, well-tailored and
casual, it would be easy to think
of him as another example of
Wall Street nepotism,” wrote The
New York Times of Mr. Salomon
in a 1965 profile. “Colleagues and
competitors dispel that notion.” Among Mr. Salomon’s protégés
was an ambitious young trader
named Michael R. Bloomberg.
Another was John H. Gutfreund,
who succeeded him in 1978 as
head of the firm. The newly mint-
ed chief executive of Citigroup,
Michael L. Corbat, also began his
career at Salomon. Mr. Gutfreund presided over
Salomon during a tumultuous pe-
riod that ended in a scandal,
drawing charges that the firm
had rigged the Treasury bond
market. Salomon’s brash, risk-
taking culture under Mr. Gut-
freund was chronicled in “Liar’s
Poker,” a tell-all memoir by Mi-
chael Lewis, who worked as a
bond salesman at Salomon before
he became a writer. In a 1991 interview with The
Associated Press, Mr. Salomon,
embittered after a falling out with
Mr. Gutfreund, lamented that the
firm had lost its way.
“In my time,the customer was
God and we would no more take
advantage of him than we’d fly
out the window,” Mr. Salomon
said. “We wanted to maintain a
high ethical standard.” Salomon became swept up in
the financial services mega-
mergers of the late 1990s. The in-
surer Travelers acquired the firm
in 1998 and later that year com-
bined with Citicorp, which would
become Citigroup. Through it all, Citigroup pro-
vided Mr. Salomon with a Mid-
town Manhattan office and a sec-
retary. A fixture of the Upper
East Side old-money crowd, Mr.
Salomon lives in a Park Avenue
apartment and has an oceanfront
home in Southampton on Long
Island. He was widowed in 2008
when his wife of more than 70
years, Virginia Foster Salomon,
died. It was around that time, the
government says, that Ms.
Febles started embezzling from
him. Mr. Salomon, who, despite his
advanced age is said to have all
of his mental faculties, did not re-
turn multiple calls seeking com-
ment. Another assistant now an-
swers his phone. Secretary to a Salomon
Is Accused of Skimming
From Her Boss’s Fortune
William R.Salomon at Salomon Brothers in 1965, when he was a managing partner. Now 98, he still has an office at Citigroup.
From First Business Page
products would not have been al-
lowed under Microsoft policies,
which limited the use of data col-
lected under one of its products
to that product alone.
Microsoft has promised, how-
ever, that it will not use the per-
sonal information and content it
collects to sell targeted advertis-
ing.It will not,for example, scan
a consumer’s e-mails to generate
ads that might interest the user.
Google does that, and expanding
its ability to draw on that content
was part of the reason Google
changed its privacy policy this
year. But the new Microsoft policy
does allow for such targeted ad-
vertising. Microsoft promised not
to do so in blog posts and e-mails
informing its customers about
the change, but not in the formal
policy.That has some privacy ad-
vocates nervous.
“What Microsoft is doing is no
different from what Google did,”
said John M. Simpson, who mon-
itors privacy policy for Consumer
Watchdog,a California nonprofit
group. “It allows the combination
of data across services in ways a
user wouldn’t reasonably expect.
Microsoft wants to be able to
compile massive digital dossiers
about users of its services and
monetize them.”
Jack Evans, a Microsoft
spokesman,says the company’s
plans are benign. He differenti-
ates between the Services Agree-
ment, also known as the terms of
use, that was changed on Friday
and the company’s Privacy Pol-
icy,which was last updated in
“Over the years, we have con-
sistently informed users that we
may use their content to improve
the services they receive,” Mr.
Evans said in a written state-
ment. “For instance, we analyze
content to improve our spam and
malware filters in order to keep
customers safe. We also do it to
develop new product features
such as e-mail categorization to
organize similar items like ship-
ping receipts in a common folder,
or to automatically add calendar
“However,” he added, “one
thing we don’t do is use the con-
tent of our customers’ private
communications and documents
to create targeted advertising. If
that ever changes, we’ll be the
first to let our customers know.”
Microsoft’s new services
agreement affects only its free,
Web-based products, not the soft-
ware programs that individuals
and companies buy off the shelf
for home or business use. It cov-
ers Hotmail, and its related
e-mail service,, but
not the Outlook e-mail and calen-
dar program that is individually
loaded onto computer hard
drives and widely used by corpo-
rations. Bing, its search engine, is
covered, but Internet Explorer,
its browser, is not.
Microsoft’s pledge not to use
the data from its Web services to
target advertising has some cred-
ibility, given the company’s
broader privacy initiatives. The
company has said it will include a
“do not track” feature in its new
Internet Explorer 10 Web brows-
er that prevents online advertis-
ing companies from monitoring
the browsing habits of users so
they can target promotions.
Microsoft has made “do not
track” the default setting on the
new version of Explorer, a move
that has caused a firestorm
among online advertising compa-
nies. Microsoft’s push to provide
better privacy protections for
consumers comes at a time when
its efforts in Internet advertising
have sputtered. Online advertis-
ing remains a small fraction of
Microsoft’s overall business, ac-
counting for $2.6 billion,or about
3.5 percent,of the company’s rev-
enue during its last fiscal year,
which ended June 30, according
to Microsoft’s filings with securi-
ties regulators. But it is easy to see how Micro-
soft customers might be con-
fused, because the different divi-
sions of Microsoft that draft and
oversee its user agreements and
privacy policies did not antici-
pate that the changes in the serv-
ices agreement would raise pri-
vacy questions. The drafters of the service
agreement, a more technical
bunch, thought the changes were
so small that they were men-
tioned in August in a specialty
“Volume Licensing” blog dedicat-
ed to commercial customers, but
seemingly nowhere else on
Microsoft’s vast array of corpo-
rate Web sites.
Microsoft also sent an e-mail
about the change in late August
to all of its 325 million Hotmail us-
ers. But those notices became the
subject of nervous online chatter
when some users learned that a
similar message, using the same
template, was being used by
hackers to distribute harmful
malware. Online message boards
warned against even opening the
Inside Microsoft, officials were
focused not on whether the policy
changes affected privacy but
rather on a different change, one
that limits the ability of Microsoft
customers to sue the company, in-
cluding in a class action, over its
products. The new agreement re-
quires the use of binding arbitra-
Mr. Evans said the change put
in place on Friday in the Services
Agreement “did not alter our ex-
isting privacy policies.” Those
policies include a 4,000-word main
policy and at least 16 related prod-
uct-specific privacy policies.
That itself is an example of how
users cannot possibly know what
Internet companies are doing
with their personal information,
said Jeff Chester, executive di-
rector of the Center for Digital
Democracy,a consumer protec-
tion group based in Washington. “No one understands how all
this data is being put together and
being used,” he said. “All of these
companies are in a digital arms
race to tie together all the in-
formation they have about indi-
viduals. For companies like Goo-
gle and Microsoft, the real goal is
to expand market share.” Microsoft Expands Its Gathering and Use of Personal Data From Web Products From First Business Page
Pledging not to mine
users’ content to serve
up tailored ads.
By Reuters
General Electric on Friday re-
ported weaker-than-expected
third-quarter revenue, hurt by
unfavorable exchange rates, and
set a cautious tone for 2013, say-
ing it expected the tough eco-
nomic environment to continue.
The company reported a 2.8
percent rise in sales, to $36.35 bil-
lion. Revenue was down at its
aviation and health care arms,
while the stronger dollar
crimped total results by dimin-
ishing the value of its foreign
Third-quarter net income in-
creased 8 percent, to $3.49 billion,
or 33 cents a share, compared
with $3.22 billion, or 22 cents a
share, in the period a year earli-
er. Excluding one-time items, the
profit was 36 cents a share, meet-
ing the analysts’ average esti-
mate, according to Thomson
G.E., the maker of electric tur-
bines and jet engines, stood by
its forecast for full-year earnings
to rise at a double-digit percent-
age rate. It said full-year sales
would be up just 3 percent, down
from a previous forecast for 5
percent, reflecting continued ef-
forts to cut back the GE Capital
finance arm and exchange rate
Among G.E.units, the energy
arm had the biggest revenue
growth, with a 12 percent in-
crease in the quarter.
The company is not counting
on any significant improvement
in the world economy next year.
“We’re not assuming that Eu-
rope gets any better,” the chief
executive, Jeffrey R. Immelt, told
investors in a conference call.
“We’re looking at ’13 being kind
of like ’12, with the big variable
being the fiscal cliff.”
The fiscal cliff refers to $600
billion in spending cuts and tax
increases that could take effect at
the end of the year if lawmakers
fail to reach a deal on reducing
the federal deficit.
G.E. does not expect those cuts
to take effect, Mr. Immelt said.
“We’re making the same as-
sessment most people do, that
somehow it gets resolved,” said
Mr. Immelt, who is a top adviser
to President Obama on jobs and
the economy.
Shares of G.E., which is based
in Fairfield, Conn.,fell 78 cents, or
3.4 percent, to $22.03.
Revenue Lags at G.E., but Profit Rises 8% in Quarter
A GE Energy wind turbine plant in Pensacola, Fla.The division had a 12 percent jump in sales.
By The Associated Press
Honeywell International said
on Friday that its profit rose 10
percent in the third quarter as
new products and emerging
market growth offset weakness
in Europe.
The earnings topped Wall
Street estimates, but revenue
fell short of estimates. The com-
pany reduced its full-year reve-
nue guidance and narrowed its
earnings estimate.
Honeywell’s chief executive,
David M.Cote,said in a state-
ment that he was encouraged by
the commercial aerospace out-
look, increasing spending on in-
frastructure and oil and gas in-
vestments. But looking ahead to
2013, he said the company was
planning for a “continued chal-
lenging macro environment,” al-
though it expected to deliver
good growth helped by new
products and geographic expan-
Honeywell reported net in-
come of $950 million,or $1.20 a
share, in the third quarter, com-
pared with $862 million, or $1.10
a share, in the period a year ear-
Revenue rose slightly, to $9.34
billion from $9.30 billion in the
year-earlier period.
Analysts polled by FactSet had
expected earnings of $1.14 a
share on revenue of $9.5 billion.
Aerospace sales rose 4 per-
cent, to $3 billion, while automa-
tion and control solutions sales
were flat at $3.9 billion.Sales for
the performance materials and
technologies segment rose 1 per-
cent, to $1.48 billion,while trans-
portation systems revenue
slipped 10 percent, to $863 mil-
Honeywell cut its full-year rev-
enue estimate. It now expects
revenue of $37.5 billion to $37.7
billion, compared with a previ-
ous forecast of $37.8 billion to
$38.4 billion.Wall Street predict-
ed revenue of just more than $38
billion for the full year.
Honeywell also raised the low
end of its full-year earnings fore-
cast but cut the top end. The
company now expects full-year
earnings of $4.45 to $4.50 a share.
Previously it was $4.40 to $4.55 a
share.Analysts expect earnings
of $4.50 a share.
Shares of Honeywell rose
$1.07. or 1.7 percent, to close at
Profit at Honeywell Rises 10%,
Exceeding Analysts’ Forecasts GREAT WINES DELIVERED
CALL 877.698.6841 OR VISIT
and investors clearly don’t like
it,” said Kim Caughey Forrest, a
portfolio manager at the Fort Pitt
Capital Group. “The consumer
has decided not to spend that
marginal dollar.”
Despite those concerns, Fri-
day’s sell-off lacked the panic
that has been a part of so many
other big down market days over
the last few years. This time
around, shares moved down in an
orderly fashion, and after it was
over, some traders and investors
said that while they were pre-
pared for company profits to
grow at a slower pace, they were
not worried that earnings would
“It’s really a paring back of re-
cent optimism, as opposed to a
pessimism that will last for
weeks,” said Ryan Larson, the
head stock trader at RBC Global
Asset Management. “This is a
normal healthy thing for the mar-
kets to go through.” One major threat is increas-
ingly hanging over conversations
across Wall Street: the fiscal cliff
that the economy could go over if
Congress and the White House
do not find a way to avert loom-
ing tax increases and spending
cuts by the end of the year.While
the deadline has been expected
all year, most investors have
pushed it aside and assumed that
politicians will reach a compro-
“Now it’s becomes a more im-
mediate issue, and everybody re-
alizes it is going to be hanging
over the market but not re-
solved,” said Ed Clissold, the
chief global strategist at Ned Da-
vis Research. Mr. Clissold said he expected
investors to think more about the
fiscal cliff as the election ap-
proached, particularly if neither
of the candidates talked about
how they planned to deal with the
problem. The recent choppy market has
come at the same time that sev-
eral reports indicate that the eco-
nomic recovery may be gaining
firmer footing. The Bureau of La-
bor Statistics said on Friday that
the unemployment rate fell in 41
states — the latest indication that
the job picture may be improv-
ing. While data on existing-home
sales on Friday came in lower
than expected, most signs point
to the housing market emerging
from its long slide.
The bigger economic worries
have generally come from
abroad.Spain’s prime minister
gave the market pause on Friday
when he said that he had not yet
decided whether to request a full
bailout from the European au-
thorities.But Spain is expected to
take assistance if its situation
grows worse.
The chairman of Goldman
Sachs Asset Management, Jim
O’Neill, said Friday that his mod-
els showed the global economy
gaining momentum for the first
time since late last year.
But for the immediate future,
the focus continued to be on cor-
porate profits and revenue.
At General Electric, analysts
who expected revenue to rise $1.6
billion from the quarter a year
ago were disappointed when they
rose only $1 billion. Shares of the
company dropped 3.4 percent on
Friday, but they are up nearly 23
percent for the year.
The biggest disappointment
this earning season has come
from the technology stocks that
have led the markets up for most
of the year.Apple was heralded
earlier this year when its stock
market capitalization rose above
$600 billion. But since hitting a
high in mid-September, its share
price has fallen 13 percent, bring-
ing its market capitalization
down to the more pedestrian $571
The technology-heavy Nasdaq
composite index was hit by the
steepest drop among the indexes
on Friday, declining 2.19 percent,
or 67.24 points, to 3,005.62. The
Dow Jones industrial average fell
205.43 points, or 1.52 percent, to
Many executives have been
warning that future revenue and
profits may end up growing more
slowly than they had expected as
a result of a recession in Europe,
and the slowdown in China and
elsewhere in the developing
So far, 17 companies have given
what is known as negative guid-
ance for future profit growth, and
none have given positive guid-
ance,a Thomson Reuters ana-
lyst,Greg Harrison,said.
The chief executive at McDon-
ald’s, Donald Thompson, said Fri-
day morning that so far fourth-
quarter sales were “currently
trending negative.”
Taking a step back, corporate
profits are still expected to grow
this year,though just in the single
digits, rather than the double dig-
its that have become common
over the last three years. What’s
more, most analysts expect that
profit growth will go back up to
the double digits in 2013.
“We had a great year so far,
and perhaps it did get ahead of it-
self,” said Ms. Caughey Forrest of
Fort Pitt. “This was a rational
pullback based on rational infor-
A trader, Frank T. Masiello, on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange as shares fell on Friday.
Shares Tumble on Disappointing Company Reports
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
From First Business Page
WASHINGTON (Reuters) —
Home resales retreated in Sep-
tember from a two-year high, a
reminder that America’s housing
sector is a long way from a full
recovery despite recent signs of
Existing home sales fell 1.7
percent last month,to a season-
ally adjusted annual rate of 4.75
million units, matching the medi-
an forecast in a Reuters poll, data
from the National Association of
Realtors showed on Friday.
Housing has been a relative
bright spot in the nation’s econ-
omy this year, and Friday’s data
did not point to a reversal in that
trend. The reading for August
was revised slightly higher to
show resales at a rate of 4.83 mil-
lion units.
The median price for a home
resale rose 11.3 percent from a
year earlier,to $183,900. The rise
in prices appears to be a result of
tight inventories and a down-
ward trend in sales made under
distressed conditions like fore-
To support the economy, the
Federal Reserve began a pro-
gram last month to buy housing-
related debt, an action that has
driven mortgage rates to record
lows. Fed policy makers meet
next week, but are unlikely to
take new steps.
The economy has shown signs
of faster growth recently, with
the jobless rate falling and retail
sales picking up. Threats to that
momentum remain, however.
The United States government is
on track to tighten fiscal policy in
January, while Europe’s debt cri-
sis also looms heavily.
Tight inventories have helped
support home prices in recent
months. The nation’s stock of existing
homes for sale fell 3.3 percent
last month,to 2.32 million units.
At the current rate of sales, in-
ventories would be exhausted in
5.9 months, the lowest rate since
March 2006, the Realtor’s associ-
ation said.
This week, Goldman Sachs es-
timated growth in the housing
sector would most likely add
about a quarter of a percentage
point to economic growth this
year and half a point in 2013.
Much of the economic lift
comes from the building of new
homes, although existing-home
sales also help growth as people
go out to buy furniture and real
estate agents reap more in com-
Existing-Home Sales
nnual pace of existing single- family homes sold during the month, seasonally adjusted.
Home Prices
Median price for existing homes,
not seasonally adjusted.
Source: National Association of Realtors
–1.7% JULY
–2.1% ’11 ’12
’11 ’12
Home Resales Retreat
From a 2-Year High
then he hasn’t made much of a
But Mr. Smith isn’t in much of
a position to exonerate Goldman,
either. The firm was deeply en-
meshed in nearly all aspects of
the financial crisis and its causes,
including mortgage-backed secu-
rities. And after an injection of
taxpayer support, it managed to
profit handsomely and pay the
lavish bonuses that Mr. Smith
shared in.But you won’t find that
story in “Why I Left.”
Mr. Smith declined to discuss
any of this before his scheduled
appearance on Sunday on “60
Minutes.” Goldman Sachs re-
sponded to some of my questions
with copies of parts of their inter-
nal investigation and made sev-
eral employees available.
Potential problems with Mr.
Smith’s approach surface almost
immediately. The first paragraph
of Chapter 1 describes “an intern
named Josh” who’s being
“grilled” and asked to explain
risk arbitrage but “was flounder-
ing badly.” Josh, Mr. Smith adds,
is the son of a billionaire.
There was no “Josh” in Mr.
Smith’s group of interns, and
only one son of a billionaire: Ted-
dy Schwarzman, son of Stephen
Schwarzman, the chairman and
chief executive of the asset man-
agement firm Blackstone Group.
“I was never grilled on risk ar-
bitrage, or asked to give a pre-
sentation on it,” Mr. Schwarzman
said when I contacted him this
week. “I realize it was a long time
ago, but I would certainly have
remembered it if I had floun-
dered.” Nor did anyone else in
the class I spoke to recall such an
Mr. Smith also recounts what
purports to be a verbatim ex-
change between a Goldman vice
president and a fellow intern
named Brynn Thomas who grad-
uated from Brown University.
Brynn is interrogated and humili-
ated by her lack of knowledge
about Microsoft, and “starts to
tear up and runs out of the
room.” Goldman said it has no
record of anyone named Brynn
Thomas,and other members of
Mr. Smith’s intern class said no
one by that name was in his class.
Nor did they recall any such inci-
dent. “The program wasn’t that
cutthroat, and it certainly wasn’t
abusive,” said Mr. Schwarzman,
nowa movie producer. “No one
ever ran out of a room crying.
They were trying to recruit us
and also to shape us. They had
high expectations, but I learned a
tremendous amount.”
(The actual person apparently
described in the anecdote, a
Brown graduate named Ebony
Thomas who was an intern with
Mr. Smith, didn’t respond to re-
quests for comment.)
On the larger issue of whether
Goldman was “ripping off” cli-
ents,his principal evidence is
that while he was working in
London in the two years before
his resignation, Goldman was
urging clients to buy or sell op-
tions on European banks while
countries like Greece and Portu-
gal were in the midst of debt cri-
ses. In Mr. Smith’s telling, Gold-
man was trying to get clients to
take positions that Goldman was
trying to get rid of, which Mr.
Smith describes as “axes.” “The
firm believes,deep down, that
one outcome is going to tran-
spire, yet it advises the client to
do the opposite, so the firm can
then take the other side of the
trade and implement its own pro-
prietary bet.”
But Goldman officials told me
the firm never acted as a princi-
pal on any of those trades, and
Mr. Smith doesn’t provide any
specific examples where it did.
Moreover, they noted, Mr. Smith
sold United States equities and
derivatives while he was in Lon-
don, not European ones, so he
would have had no direct knowl-
edge of European options trad-
Mr. Smith also faults Goldman
for constantly changing its views
on the outlook for European
banks, requiring clients to keep
trading and presumably generat-
ing more commissions for the
firm. “No thinking client could
believe that conditions on the
ground could change that fre-
quently. It was so obviously mis-
leading and disingenuous,” he
writes. But Goldman officials
said that anyone immersed in the
European debt crisis and govern-
ment responses at the time would
understand that conditions
changed frequently, and it was
Goldman’s obligation to keep cli-
ents informed.
As for muppets —a mildly de-
rogatory term common in British
slang — Goldman officials said
they had conducted an exhaus-
tive search after Mr.Smith re-
signed.They said they found only
one such reference to a client,
and it was about educating the
client, a midsize European bank,
not taking advantage of it.
The mere mention of Mr. Smith
invokes passionate reactions at
Goldman, but much of the initial
anger seems to have dissipated.
People I spoke to who had been
close to himfelt hurt, wronged
and saddened by a broadside
from someone they considered a
friend and colleague, dedicated to
the firm and its values, who was
hard-working, reliable and hum-
ble. He seemed, they said,the
last person to attack the firm and
its culture.
One of Mr. Smith’s fellow in-
terns said, “I thought he loved
the firm and its culture.” The for-
mer intern,now a managing di-
rector, said he helped organize a
going-away party for himat
SPiN, a Manhattan club with 17
Ping-Pong tables.(Mr. Smith was
a table tennis champion in his na-
tive South Africa.) “In his book
he makes every element of our
intern program seem demean-
ing,” the former intern said. “It
was intense and stressful, but it
was fun. And we learned so
much.” He showed me a year-
book he had saved from that
summer with several photos of a
beaming Mr. Smith.
The Goldman officials I spoke
to all asked not to be named be-
cause they didn’t want to be
drawn into a public debate about
the book.
Apartner who said he acted in
many ways as Mr. Smith’s men-
tor and was in regular contact
with him until shortly before he
left, said:“He never raised any
issue with me. I had no inkling. I
thought he’d settled in in London
and was doing fine. I know he
was disappointed he hadn’t been
made a managing director yet,
but he just wasn’t ready. For
some people it’s a sprint, but it
took me 18 years to make manag-
ing director and 20 years to make
partner. I told him to keep at it
and good things will happen.
Serve clients and they’ll serve
you. Give them good ideas. Lon-
don was a great opportunity for
him,and I thought he was excit-
One thing Mr. Smith was clear-
ly unhappy about was his com-
pensation, which had peaked at
$500,000 and,like the compensa-
tion of most Goldman employees,
had recently declined slightly. Af-
ter he asked for a $1 million bo-
nus, his supervisor wrote in an
e-mail, “Greg Smith off the charts
unrealistic, thinks he shld trade
at multiples, we told him there’s v
little tolerance for reactions like
that and he needs to tone it
The partner told me this week:
“He was an outlier in London.
Most people were disappointed
but realistic. He had a complete
disconnect from the macro envi-
ronment. Europe wanted to out-
law bonuses.They were discuss-
ing bonus caps. We were laying
people off. People were very sen-
sitive to this.” The former intern
added, “I was floored;I was be-
yond shocked” by Mr. Smith’s
resignation and accusations. “He
was making $500,000 at the age of
26 or 27 at a time when people
were being laid off, and he com-
plains? I can only conclude he
was motivated by personal gain.
The firm has been under attack,
and I think he’s being opportunis-
tic. None of it feels virtuous to
Virtuous or not, “Why I Left”
will surely not be the last word —
good or bad — on Goldman. Fab-
rice Tourre, the young Goldman
trader at the center of a now-infa-
mous subprime mortgage deal,is
scheduled to go on trial for civil
fraud next July. Unlike Mr.
Smith, Mr. Tourre was involved
in a deal in which Goldman mis-
led investors,the Securities and
Exchange Commission has said.
That deal has come to embody
many of the excesses of the sub-
prime mortgage bubble —some-
thing that actually did help cause
the financial crisis. Mr. Tourre
has denied any wrongdoing and
is on unpaid leave from Goldman
while studying for a Ph.D. at the
University of Chicago and doing
volunteer work in Rwanda. Mr. Tourre hasn’t signed a sev-
en-figure book deal, but he could
surely get one —and if he does, it
could be a tell-all worth reading.
A Tell-All About Goldman Has Little Worth Telling
Greg Smith, left, with Anderson Cooper in a “60 Minutes” in-
terview that is to be broadcast on Sunday. He has a book ex-
panding on his hotly discussed reasons for leaving Goldman.
From First Business Page
The conclusions are
vast and damning,
but evidence is weak.
Australia (Dollar) 1.0329 .9681
China (Yuan) .1599 6.2533
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1290 7.7495
India (Rupee) .0186 53.8400
Japan (Yen) .0126 79.3000
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3280 3.0490
New Zealand (Dollar) .8156 1.2261
Pakistan (Rupee) .0105 95.3500
Philippines (Peso) .0242 41.3000
Singapore (Dollar) .8188 1.2213
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1105.2
Taiwan (Dollar) .0342 29.2180
Thailand (Baht) .0326 30.6700
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20820
Britain (Pound) 1.6003 .6249
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0525 19.0600
Denmark (Krone) .1747 5.7253
Europe (Euro) 1.3019 .7681
Hungary (Forint) .0047 213.94
Gold COMX $/oz 1934.60 766.00 Dec 12 1742.40 1744.70 1716.00 1724.00 ◊ 20.70 332,574
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4951.00 347.50 Dec 12 3281.50 3291.50 3194.50 3209.70 ◊ 77.10 84,145
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 448.65 308.85 Dec 12 373.30 374.75 362.70 363.75 ◊ 10.55 100,159
Nasdaq 100 2678.31 ◊ 65.85 ◊ 2.40 + 15.60 + 17.58
Composite 3005.62 ◊ 67.24 ◊ 2.19 + 15.42 + 15.37
Industrials 2530.14 ◊ 46.37 ◊ 1.80 + 14.68 + 16.69
Banks 1858.13 ◊ 11.83 ◊ 0.63 + 23.56 + 14.85
Insurance 4691.38 ◊ 54.46 ◊ 1.15 + 16.98 + 9.69
Other Finance 4062.17 ◊ 67.01 ◊ 1.62 + 21.35 + 17.89
Telecommunications 191.26 ◊ 3.57 ◊ 1.83 ◊ 1.03 ◊ 2.88
Computer 1569.96 ◊ 41.16 ◊ 2.55 + 11.98 + 13.87
Industrials 13343.51 ◊ 205.43 ◊ 1.52 + 15.98 + 9.22
Transportation 5082.16 ◊ 74.38 ◊ 1.44 + 9.60 + 1.24
Utilities 483.76 ◊ 3.60 ◊ 0.74 + 9.35 + 4.11
Composite 4484.53 ◊ 61.09 ◊ 1.34 + 12.89 + 5.96
100 Stocks 657.11 ◊ 11.36 ◊ 1.70 + 20.05 + 15.12
500 Stocks 1433.19 ◊ 24.15 ◊ 1.66 + 18.46 + 13.96
Mid-Cap 400 987.40 ◊ 13.84 ◊ 1.38 + 17.71 + 12.31
Small-Cap 600 458.80 ◊ 7.77 ◊ 1.66 + 19.96 + 10.54
+ 5%
– 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
+ 5%
– 5%
Nasdaq Composite
+ 5%
– 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3,005.62 –67.24
1.77% –0.06
$90.44 –$2.09
$1,722.80 –$20.50
$1.3019 –$0.0053
13,343.51 –205.43
1,433.19 –24.15
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
NYSE Comp. 8324.15 ◊ 118.66 ◊ 1.41 + 14.97 + 11.33
Tech/Media/Telecom 6032.06 ◊ 80.41 ◊ 1.32 + 10.68 + 9.97
Energy 12938.20 ◊ 173.46 ◊ 1.32 + 8.36 + 4.26
Financial 4895.78 ◊ 71.67 ◊ 1.44 + 21.93 + 20.50
Healthcare 8012.84 ◊ 108.20 ◊ 1.33 + 20.97 + 13.73
American Exch 2408.53 ◊ 25.72 ◊ 1.06 + 11.86 + 5.71
Wilshire 5000 14959.87 ◊ 248.71 ◊ 1.64 + 18.01 + 13.42
Value Line Arith 3043.58 ◊ 52.62 ◊ 1.70 + 18.19 + 12.91
Russell 2000 821.00 ◊ 16.12 ◊ 1.93 + 18.24 + 10.81
Phila Gold & Silver 185.80 ◊ 0.27 ◊ 0.14 + 1.69 + 2.86
Phila Semiconductor 364.92 ◊ 11.36 ◊ 3.02 ◊ 1.42 + 0.13
KBW Bank 50.44 ◊ 0.35 ◊ 0.69 + 34.15 + 28.09
Phila Oil Service 229.59 ◊ 3.67 ◊ 1.58 + 8.30 + 6.15
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.85 3.45
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.33 4.15
30-yr fixed 3.47 4.17
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.02 4.84
5/1 adj. rate 2.98 3.01
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.82 3.17
1-year adj. rate 4.85 2.95
$75K line good credit* 4.20 4.31% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.19 4.23
$75K loan good credit* 5.18 5.62
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.11 5.45
Home Equity
36-mo. used car 3.63 4.48% %
60-mo. new car 3.27 4.33
uto Loan Rates
Money-market 0.50 0.51% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.52 0.60
6-month CD 0.47 0.48
1-year CD 0.72 0.76
2-year CD 0.85 0.87
5-year IRA CD 1.42 1.59
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
Months Years
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
ield Curve
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5487 3909 1403 175
Advances 2572 1941 579 52
Declines 2650 1855 679 116
Unchanged 155 49 102 4
52 Week High 428 287 134 7
52 Week Low 67 45 18 4
Dollar Volume
17,998 10,838 6,093 1,065
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Morgan Stanley (Ms.Mhu) 5.500 Jul ‘21 Baa1 A 113.436 109.427 111.967 0.350 3.875
Goldman Sachs Group (Gs.Aeh) 5.750 Jan ‘22 A3 A 118.956 115.723 116.346 –0.451 3.651
Bank of America (Bac.Ahk) 5.700 Jan ‘22 Baa2 A 120.604 118.896 119.010 –0.825 3.298
JPMorgan Chase (JPM) 3.250 Sep ‘22 A2 103.950 101.956 102.310 0.319 2.979
General Elec Cap Medium Term Nts Bo (Ge) 3.150 Sep ‘22 A1 103.535 101.419 101.555 0.104 2.967
Walgreen (Wag) 4.400 Sep ‘42 Baa1 104.617 102.715 102.778 –2.686 4.235
Bank America (Bac.Hap) 6.000 Sep ‘17 Baa2 A 119.563 115.000 117.856 –0.100 2.109
Citigroup (C.Aly) 4.500 Jan ‘22 Baa2 A 112.040 109.344 109.896 –0.406 3.249
Goldman Sachs Group (Gs.Ro) 5.250 Oct ‘13 A3 A 104.872 102.882 104.243 0.226 0.870
BP Cap Mkts P L C (Bp.Jv) 3.125 Oct ‘15 A2 A 107.100 106.559 106.724 –0.206 0.803
ATP Oil & Gas (Atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 Wr 22.850 16.250 18.188 –3.812 N.A.
Amkor Technology (Amkr.Nt) 7.375 May ‘18 Ba3 105.553 103.500 103.500 –0.875 6.251
Istar Finl (Sfi) 5.950 Oct ‘13 B3 B– 102.800 102.125 102.500 0.312 3.322
Sungard Data Sys (Sgrs) 7.625 Nov ‘20 Caa1 B 109.500 109.000 109.000 –0.250 5.544
Berry Plastics (Apo) 9.750 Jan ‘21 Caa1 116.000 115.625 116.000 0.125 5.647
Advanced Micro Devices (Amd.Aa) 7.750 Aug ‘20 Ba3 B+ 97.250 85.573 86.750 –11.500 10.261
Sprint Cap (S.Gj) 6.875 Nov ‘28 B3 B+ 106.500 100.073 102.750 –0.750 6.594
Sprint Cap (S.Hk) 8.750 Mar ‘32 B3 B+ 122.142 116.820 119.000 –0.500 6.950
Ally Financial . (GMA) 4.625 Jun ‘15 B1 Bb– 105.500 103.480 103.480 –0.989 3.253
Del Monte (Kkr) 7.625 Feb ‘19 B3 Ccc+ 104.779 103.375 103.875 0.375 6.304
Advanced Micro Devices (Amd.Gg) 6.000 May ‘15 N.A. B+ 100.485 93.530 96.000 –3.125 N.A.
Cemex S A B De C V (Cx) 3.250 Mar ‘16 N.A. 107.625 105.218 105.650 –1.543 1.534
Cemex S A B De C V (Cx) 3.750 Mar ‘18 N.A. 107.051 105.343 106.073 –1.126 2.537
Sandisk (Sndk.Gd) 1.500 Aug ‘17 N.A. 117.577 114.720 115.375 0.875 –1.566
EMC (Emc.Gf) 1.750 Dec ‘13 N.A. N.A. 158.400 155.100 156.421 –2.141 –35.440
Medtronic (Mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 A1 N.A. 100.634 100.000 100.000 –0.105 1.624
Navistar Intl New (Nav.Gm) 3.000 Oct ‘14 N.A. Cc 92.625 87.000 87.434 –5.191 10.183
Anixter Intl (Axe.Gi) 1.000 Feb ‘13 N.A. Bb– 106.273 105.900 106.050 0.050 –17.528
Gilead Sciences (Gild.Gm) 1.000 May ‘14 N.A. 153.158 151.604 151.604 –3.207 –24.829
Lam Resh (Lrcx) 0.500 May ‘16 N.A. 95.924 95.800 95.836 –1.858 1.711
high yield +6.52%
invest. grade +3.16%
– 5
+ 5
52-week Total Returns
high yield +15.09%
invest. grade +10.36%
Source: Bloomberg
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
ug. ’12 %+6.5
July ’12 +9.3
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
ug. ’12 %+3.7
July ’12 +4.1
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
ug. ’12 –44.2
July ’12 –42.5
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
Sept. ’12 5.9
Aug. ’12 6.0
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
Sept. ’12 51.5
Aug. ’12 49.6
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
Jan 13 ◊ ◊ 0.10 0.09 –.00 0.10
Apr 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.14 –0.01 0.14
Apr 17 [ 107-12 107-14 –0-01 -1.46
Jul 22 [ 108-22 108-27 +0-17 -0.74
Jan 29 2ø 142-15 142-31 +1-13 -0.10
Feb 42 } 109-07 109-31 +1-21 0.42
Sep 14 ü ◊ 99.91 99.91 ◊ 0.30
Sep 17 | ◊ 99.40 99.41 +0.19 0.75
Aug 22 1| ◊ 98.73 98.75 +0.59 1.77
Aug 42 2} ◊ 96.34 96.38 +1.47 2.94
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
Bank of Am (BAC) 9.44 ◊0.03 ◊0.3 1685834
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.92 ◊0.02 ◊0.7 1378579
Advanced M (AMD) 2.18 ◊0.44 ◊16.8 1096981
General El (GE) 22.03 ◊0.78 ◊3.4 1073179
Microsoft (MSFT) 28.64 ◊0.86 ◊2.9 904563
Sprint Nex (S) 5.65 ◊0.13 ◊2.2 803965
Clearwire (CLWR) 1.85 ◊0.18 ◊8.9 702946
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 18.04 ◊0.56 ◊3.0 637118
Citigroup (C) 37.16 ◊1.26 ◊3.3 592024
Intel Corp (INTC) 21.26 ◊0.41 ◊1.9 556026
Marvell Te (MRVL) 7.57 ◊1.26 ◊14.3 544851
Ford Motor (F) 10.18 ◊0.25 ◊2.4 404098
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 25.76 ◊0.28 ◊1.1 400607
Facebook I (FB) 19.00 +0.03 +0.1 347696
Yahoo! Inc (YHOO) 15.84 ◊0.16 ◊1.0 328906
American I (AIG) 35.70 ◊1.51 ◊4.1 301587
EMC Corp (EMC) 24.58 ◊0.42 ◊1.7 296809
JPMorgan C (JPM) 42.32 ◊0.69 ◊1.6 296264
Morgan Sta (MS) 17.53 ◊0.26 ◊1.5 291200
Wells Farg (WFC) 34.34 ◊0.23 ◊0.7 276806
magicJack (CALL) 23.03 +2.57 +12.6 16416
US Concret (USCR) 7.45 +0.79 +11.9 324
Riverbed T (RVBD) 23.06 +2.37 +11.5 171252
Manpower I (MAN) 39.53 +3.55 +9.9 31343
UniPixel I (UNXL) 6.18 +0.49 +8.6 675
Southwest (SGB) 9.22 +0.60 +7.0 10
Orient-Exp (OEH) 11.79 +0.74 +6.7 33019
ImmuCell C (ICCC) 5.28 +0.33 +6.7 19
Forward Ai (FWRD) 32.54 +1.93 +6.3 6936
Manitowoc (MTW) 15.26 +0.89 +6.2 99679
Sussex Ban (SBBX) 5.68 +0.33 +6.2 11
Capital On (COF) 60.75 +3.45 +6.0 117380
First M & (FMFC) 8.84 +0.49 +5.9 157
Robert Hal (RHI) 27.24
+1.31 +5.1 47541
DSP Group (DSPG) 5.41 +0.26 +5.0 661
Electronic (EFII) 17.89 +0.85 +5.0 4737
Aegean Mar (ANW) 5.96 +0.28 +4.9 922
Ethan Alle (ETH) 29.42 +1.36 +4.8 13249
Carolina B (CLBH) 7.44 +0.34 +4.8 11
ExactTarge (ET) 22.51 +0.92 +4.3 4138
Meadowbroo (MIG) 6.18 ◊1.61 ◊20.7 17935
Chipotle M (CMG) 243.00 ◊42.93 ◊15.0 63428
Marvell Te (MRVL) 7.57 ◊1.26 ◊14.3 544851
Corporate (CEB) 46.30 ◊7.00 ◊13.1 8064
Howard Ban (HBMD) 6.31 ◊0.84 ◊11.7 22
Bluegreen (BXG) 5.60 ◊0.74 ◊11.7 1432
Cempra Inc (CEMP) 6.90 ◊0.91 ◊11.7 1543
Federal-Mo (FDML) 8.40 ◊1.04 ◊11.0 6356
Affymax In (AFFY) 24.47 ◊2.87 ◊10.5 27567
Griffin La (GRIF) 27.63 ◊3.03 ◊9.9 115
Pain Thera (PTIE) 5.28 ◊0.55 ◊9.4 3000
Proofpoint (PFPT) 12.51 ◊1.28 ◊9.3 649
E*TRADE Fi (ETFC) 8.57 ◊0.85 ◊9.0 201415
Pharmacycl (PCYC) 62.24 ◊6.13 ◊9.0 9656
MakeMyTrip (MMYT) 14.80 ◊1.40 ◊8.6 1209
Strayer Ed (STRA) 56.38 ◊5.24 ◊8.5 5286
Athenaheal (ATHN) 73.31 ◊6.76 ◊8.4 33576
Spherix In (SPEX) 7.80 ◊0.69 ◊8.1 5
Perficient (PRFT) 10.97 ◊0.96 ◊8.0 2545
Net Elemen (NETE) 6.06 ◊0.53 ◊8.0 141
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
Norway (Krone) .1767 5.6586
Poland (Zloty) .3173 3.1519
Russia (Ruble) .0324 30.8870
Sweden (Krona) .1521 6.5761
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0776 .9280
Turkey (Lira) .5577 1.7931
Argentina (Peso) .2111 4.7375
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4933 2.0270
Canada (Dollar) 1.0065 .9935
Chile (Peso) .0021 474.15
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1797.5
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0254 39.4000
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1276 7.8340
Honduras (Lempira) .0508 19.7000
Mexico (Peso) .0776 12.8849
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0419 23.8919
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4450.0
Peru (New Sol) .3874 2.5810
Uruguay (New Peso) .0506 19.7500
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6526 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1638 6.1040
Iran (Rial) .0001 12245
Israel (Shekel) .2617 3.8205
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4150 .7067
Kenya (Shilling) .0117 85.2000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5665 .2804
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.55 121.90 Dec 12 127.88 128.28 126.95 127.28 ◊ 0.78 131,113
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 86.00 70.05 Dec 12 79.15 79.80 79.00 79.63 + 0.78 102,191
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2445.00 2498.00 2445.00 2489.00 + 51.00 86,747
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 158.65 162.85 158.15 161.65 + 3.05 79,974
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 25.39 14.70 Feb 13 19.92 20.47 19.71 20.23 + 0.44 374,835
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 760.75 769.00 758.25 761.50 + 0.75 577,531
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1781.50 1092.75 Jan 13 1545.00 1557.00 1534.50 1536.50 ◊ 9.75 199,088
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 868.00 885.50 866.00 872.50 + 4.00 236,621
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 143.13 59.00 Nov 12 92.48 93.49 90.19 90.44 ◊ 2.09 355,274
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.35 2.30 Nov 12 3.17 3.20 3.11 3.12 ◊ 0.05 83,557
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 11.40 3.06 Dec 12 4.02 4.09 3.99 4.07 + 0.04 264,777
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.85 euros
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7679
Crude Oil
$90.44 a barrel
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 79.34
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1158 8.6362
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6726
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
or ·
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 75.49 95.46 92.94 ◊ 1.80 + 19.61 + 13.7
Abbott Lab (ABT) 52.05 72.47 66.15 ◊ 0.49 + 24.23 + 17.6
Accenture (ACN) 51.08 71.79 67.75 ◊ 1.15 + 18.15 + 27.3
Allstate C (ALL) 24.50 42.81 42.01 ◊ 0.61 + 64.87 + 53.3
Altria Gro (MO) 26.80 36.29 32.63 ◊ 0.46 + 19.44 + 10.1
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 264.11 240.00 ◊ 4.85 + 3.66 + 38.6
American E (AEP) 36.97 45.41 44.98 ◊ 0.29 + 16.92 + 8.9
American E (AXP) 44.70 61.42 56.86 ◊ 0.75 + 23.26 + 20.5
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 54.59 89.95 87.16 ◊ 2.63 + 52.06 + 35.7
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 70.34 ◊ 1.54 ◊ 9.47 ◊ 7.8
Apache Cor (APA) 77.93 112.09 86.87 ◊ 1.85 ◊ 3.65 ◊ 4.1
Apple Inc (AAPL) 363.32 705.07 609.84 ◊ 22.80 + 52.99 + 50.6
AT&T Inc (T) 27.41 38.58 35.32 ◊ 0.70 + 21.42 + 16.8
‰Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 44.75 ◊ 2.35 ◊ 17.59 ◊ 8.0
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 9.44 ◊ 0.03 + 47.50 + 69.8
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.67 25.26 24.68 ◊ 0.30 + 26.31 + 24.0
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 63.05 61.92 ◊ 0.82 + 12.56 + 25.1
Berkshire (BRKb) 72.60 90.93 89.26 ◊ 1.36 + 20.44 + 17.0
Boeing Co (BA) 62.12 77.83 74.01 ◊ 0.25 + 17.27 + 0.9
Bristol-My (BMY) 30.10 36.34 33.81 ◊ 0.48 + 4.51 ◊ 4.1
„Capital On (COF) 39.30 60.89 60.75 + 3.45 + 52.83 + 43.7
Caterpilla (CAT) 78.25 116.95 83.86 ◊ 2.76 + 0.36 ◊ 7.4
Chevron Co (CVX) 92.29 118.53 113.38 ◊ 1.27 + 10.90 + 6.6
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.96 21.30 18.04 ◊ 0.56 + 5.13 ◊ 0.2
Citigroup (C) 23.30 38.72 37.16 ◊ 1.26 + 26.44 + 41.2
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 32.37 40.66 37.40 ◊ 0.44 + 11.59 + 6.9
Colgate-Pa (CL) 86.19 110.97 107.74 ◊ 2.26 + 16.88 + 16.6
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 20.90 37.60 36.95 ◊ 0.34 + 56.97 + 55.8
ConocoPhil (COP) 50.41 59.68 57.45 ◊ 0.82 + 8.34 + 3.4
Costco Who (COST) 78.81 104.43 94.78 ◊ 1.55 + 12.33 + 13.8
CVS Carema (CVS) 35.05 49.23 46.20 ◊ 0.39 + 33.06 + 13.3
”Dell Inc (DELL) 9.33 18.36 9.55 ◊ 0.25 ◊ 39.94 ◊ 34.7
Devon Ener (DVN) 54.01 76.34 62.00 ◊ 0.65 ◊ 0.48 0.0
Dow Chemic (DOW) 24.42 36.08 29.86 ◊ 0.36 + 12.30 + 3.8
E. I. du P (DD) 43.06 53.98 49.34 ◊ 1.08 + 12.65 + 7.8
”eBay Inc (EBAY) 28.15 50.94 49.97 ◊ 0.86 + 50.60 + 64.8
Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.46 53.99 52.86 ◊ 0.95 + 36.59 + 27.2
”EMC Corp (EMC) 21.25 30.00 24.58 ◊ 0.42 + 3.63 + 14.1
Emerson El (EMR) 43.58 53.78 48.25 ◊ 1.35 + 3.45 + 3.6
Exelon Cor (EXC) 34.54 45.45 37.01 ◊ 0.47 ◊ 13.00 ◊ 14.7
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 73.90 93.67 92.15 ◊ 1.33 + 17.49 + 8.7
FedEx Corp (FDX) 76.06 97.19 92.11 ◊ 1.38 + 22.36 + 10.3
”Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.18 ◊ 0.25 ◊ 11.94 ◊ 5.4
”Freeport-M (FCX) 31.08 48.96 41.18 ◊ 1.25 + 19.78 + 11.9
General Dy (GD) 60.60 74.54 67.17 ◊ 1.41 + 7.52 + 1.1
”General El (GE) 14.68 23.18 22.03 ◊ 0.78 + 33.35 + 23.0
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 70.39 66.59 ◊ 1.70 + 63.21 + 62.7
”Goldman Sa (GS) 86.90 128.72 123.62 ◊ 1.53 + 22.65 + 36.7
”Google Inc (GOOG) 556.52 774.38 681.79 ◊ 13.21 + 17.41 + 5.6
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 49.75 58.56 57.71 ◊ 0.71 + 10.41 + 6.8
”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 40.43 34.98 ◊ 0.67 + 3.25 + 1.4
”Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 14.02 30.00 14.48 ◊ 0.32 ◊ 42.03 ◊ 43.8
Home Depot (HD) 34.58 63.20 61.89 + 0.09 + 74.83 + 47.2
”Honeywell (HON) 48.82 63.48 62.49 + 1.07 + 28.00 + 15.0
”Intel Corp (INTC) 21.22 29.27 21.26 ◊ 0.40 ◊ 12.27 ◊ 12.3
Internatio (IBM) 177.06 211.79 193.36 ◊ 1.60 + 9.00 + 5.2
Johnson & (JNJ) 61.05 72.74 71.86 ◊ 0.66 + 14.72 + 9.6
JPMorgan C (JPM) 28.28 46.49 42.32 ◊ 0.69 + 31.22 + 27.3
Lockheed M (LMT) 72.37 94.90 92.89 ◊ 1.43 + 23.08 + 14.8
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 20.34 33.29 32.64 + 0.07 + 55.13 + 28.6
MasterCard (MA) 324.58 486.08 470.06 ◊ 5.77 + 45.18 + 26.1
”‰McDonald’s (MCD) 85.92 102.22 88.72 ◊ 4.14 ◊ 1.00 ◊ 11.6
Medtronic (MDT) 33.11 44.79 42.00 ◊ 1.18 + 24.85 + 9.8
Merck & Co (MRK) 32.82 48.00 47.03 ◊ 0.93 + 44.53 + 24.7
”Metlife In (MET) 27.60 39.55 35.93 ◊ 1.18 + 14.50 + 15.2
”Microsoft (MSFT) 24.30 32.95 28.64 ◊ 0.86 + 5.57 + 10.3
Mondelez I (MDLZ) 22.31 28.48 27.01 ◊ 0.41 + 18.46 + 10.5
Monsanto C (MON) 67.09 92.20 88.69 ◊ 1.29 + 22.30 + 26.6
”Morgan Sta (MS) 12.26 21.19 17.53 ◊ 0.26 + 5.35 + 15.9
National O (NOV) 59.07 89.95 80.70 ◊ 1.33 + 25.80 + 18.7
News Corp (NWSA) 15.93 25.50 24.91 ◊ 0.51 + 49.16 + 39.6
Nike Inc (NKE) 85.10 114.81 96.45 ◊ 1.12 + 5.65 + 0.1
”Norfolk So (NSC) 62.82 78.50 65.64 ◊ 1.06 ◊ 2.58 ◊ 9.9
Occidental (OXY) 76.59 106.68 84.35 ◊ 1.17 + 0.48 ◊ 10.0
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 30.48 ◊ 0.64 ◊ 3.22 + 18.8
PepsiCo In (PEP) 61.50 73.66 69.88 ◊ 0.88 + 12.51 + 5.3
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 18.15 26.09 25.76 ◊ 0.28 + 36.95 + 19.0
Philip Mor (PM) 67.75 94.13 88.12 + 0.12 + 33.45 + 12.3
Procter & (PG) 59.07 69.97 68.57 ◊ 0.90 + 5.90 + 2.8
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 49.78 68.87 58.75 ◊ 1.21 + 11.69 + 7.4
Raytheon C (RTN) 42.00 58.68 55.87 ◊ 1.19 + 30.05 + 15.5
Schlumberg (SLB) 59.12 80.78 74.00 ◊ 0.80 + 8.98 + 8.3
Simon Prop (SPG) 115.21 164.17 153.54 ◊ 1.26 + 32.87 + 19.1
Southern C (SO) 42.11 48.59 46.64 ◊ 0.16 + 8.52 + 0.8
”Starbucks (SBUX) 40.55 62.00 45.68 ◊ 1.72 + 11.64 ◊ 0.7
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 65.80 62.23 ◊ 0.71 + 16.82 + 21.5
”Texas Inst (TXN) 26.06 34.24 27.81 ◊ 0.95 ◊ 8.07 ◊ 4.5
Time Warne (TWX) 32.09 46.59 44.93 ◊ 0.95 + 34.32 + 24.3
U.S. Banco (USB) 23.72 35.46 34.23 ◊ 0.17 + 41.86 + 26.5
Union Paci (UNP) 94.24 129.27 123.77 ◊ 1.57 + 36.07 + 16.8
United Par (UPS) 66.46 81.79 72.30 ◊ 1.31 + 5.06 ◊ 1.2
United Tec (UTX) 70.41 87.50 77.99 ◊ 1.24 + 6.46 + 6.7
UnitedHeal (UNH) 43.42 60.75 55.66 ◊ 0.35 + 19.83 + 9.8
Verizon Co (VZ) 35.32 48.77 45.16 ◊ 0.62 + 21.89 + 12.6
Visa Inc (V) 88.78 143.10 139.97 ◊ 1.91 + 55.38 + 37.9
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 55.68 77.60 75.62 ◊ 0.94 + 34.44 + 26.5
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.34 35.79 ◊ 0.32 + 6.04 + 8.3
Walt Disne (DIS) 33.28 53.40 51.90 ◊ 0.52 + 54.42 + 38.4
Wells Farg (WFC) 23.19 36.60 34.34 ◊ 0.23 + 36.38 + 24.6
”Williams C (WMB) 23.70 37.56 34.97 ◊ 0.54 + 45.27 + 29.7
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes:
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
+10.6 +13.0 +2.0 589 589 567 American Funds Inc Fund of Amer A (AMECX) MA +11.4 +16.3 +2.7 0.59 57,461
Franklin Income A (FKINX) CA +13.5 +17.7 +4.1 0.63 41,267
Vanguard Wellington Adm (VWENX) MA +12.4 +16.5 +4.2 0.17 37,273
American Funds American Balanced A (ABALX) MA +13.2 +16.5 +3.4 0.64 34,216
Vanguard Wellesley Income Adm (VWIAX) CA +9.9 +14.4 +7.0 0.18 20,561
Vanguard Target Retirement 2025 Inv (VTTVX) TG +11.7 +14.4 +1.8 * 20,021
Oakmark Equity & Income I (OAKBX) MA +7.9 +12.1 +3.8 0.78 17,890
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +6.7 +6.4 +7.7 0.71 17,397
Vanguard Target Retirement 2015 Inv (VTXVX) TD +10.0 +12.6 +2.9 * 16,838
Vanguard Target Retirement 2020 Inv (VTWNX) TE +10.8 +13.5 +2.4 * 16,077
Fidelity Puritan (FPURX) MA +13.3 +15.8 +2.9 0.59 15,736
Fidelity Balanced (FBALX) MA +12.4 +14.7 +2.4 0.60 15,224
Vanguard STAR Inv (VGSTX) MA +11.6 +14.0 +3.0 * 14,833
Fidelity Freedom 2020 (FFFDX) TE +10.9 +12.8 +1.3 * 14,255
Vanguard Target Retirement 2035 Inv (VTTHX) TI +13.2 +16.2 +1.0 * 14,220
T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +12.7 +16.9 +4.9 0.72 13,124
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +16.9 +20.4 +1.5 0.53 12,680
Vanguard Target Retirement 2030 Inv (VTHRX) TH +12.4 +15.3 +1.3 * 12,646
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 (TRRBX) TE +13.1 +15.4 +2.4 * 12,305
Fidelity Freedom 2030 (FFFEX) TH +12.5 +14.6 +0.1 * 10,954
JHancock2 Lifestyle Balanced 1 (JILBX) MA +12.1 +14.3 +2.5 0.11 10,906
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 (TRRCX) TH +14.4 +16.8 +1.7 * 10,374
JHancock2 Lifestyle Growth 1 (JILGX) AL +13.1 +15.3 +0.9 0.11 10,259
Mairs & Power Balanced Inv (MAPOX) MA +15.5 +20.6 +5.4 0.74 246
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +16.9 +20.4 +1.5 0.53 12,680
AllianceBern Balanced Shares Adv (CBSYX) MA +14.4 +19.2 +2.9 0.81 50
Villere Balanced Inv (VILLX) MA +14.1 +18.8 +6.8 1.02 237
Franklin Templeton Founding Allc Adv (FFAAX) AL +15.2 +18.4 +0.3 0.08 72
Delaware Dividend Income A (DDIAX) MA +12.9 +18.3 +2.8 1.16 204
JPMorgan SmartRetirement 2040 Instl (SMTIX) TJ +14.9 +18.2 +1.9 0.04 448
Wells Fargo Advantage Idx Asst Allo A (SFAAX) AL +13.0 +18.1 +2.0 1.15 644
American Beacon Balanced AMR (AABNX) MA +13.7 +18.0 +3.0 0.31 910
JHancock Balanced A (SVBAX) MA +15.0 +18.0 +3.4 1.19 516
MainStay Income Builder A (MTRAX) MA +13.6 +17.8 +3.6 1.06 292
Thrivent Diversified Income Plus A (AAHYX) CA +14.0 +17.8 +5.6 0.98 262
Oppenheimer Flexible Strategies C (QOPCX) MA +3.0 +0.5 ◊1.1 2.58 140
SunAmerica Focused Multi-Asset Strat B (FMABX) CA +1.3 +0.6 ◊2.9 0.87 56
Hussman Strategic Total Return (HSTRX) CA +1.7 +2.9 +5.7 0.63 2,432
Calamos Convertible C (CCVCX) CV +3.8 +3.6 +1.3 1.86 417
BPV Core Diversification (BPVDX) CA +4.4 +5.3 NA 1.00 63
AllianceBern Cnsrv Wlth Strat B (ABPBX) CA +5.2 +5.9 +1.2 1.75 75
Nationwide Inv Dest Cnsrv Svc (NDCSX) CA +4.6 +6.0 +3.2 0.63 222
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +6.7 +6.4 +7.7 0.71 17,397
Fidelity Advisor Freedom Inc T (FTAFX) RI +5.5 +6.6 +3.1 0.50 54
Wells Fargo Adv DJ Target 2010 Adm (WFLGX) TA +5.4 +6.8 +3.7 0.83 218
DFA Global Allocation 25/75 I (DGTSX) CA +5.9 +7.0 +3.8 0.27 414
Franklin Templeton Cnsrv Allocation C (FTCCX) CA +5.9 +7.0 +2.4 1.25 449
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source:
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: AL
-Aggressive Allocation. CA
-Conservative Allocation. CV
-Convertibles. MA
-Moderate Allocation. RI
-Retirement Income. TA
-Target-Date 2000-2010. TD
Date 2011-2015. TE
-Target-Date 2016-2020. TG
-Target-Date 2021-2025. TH
-Target-Date 2026-2030. TI
-Target-Date 2031-2035. TJ
-Target-Date 2036-2040. TK
-Target-Date 2041-2045. TL
-Target-Date 2050+. TN
-Target-Date 2046-2050. NA
-Not Available. YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
ORLANDO, Fla. — The panicked ru-
mors started to swirl on Disney fan
blogs last spring: “Mama, Don’t Whip
Little Buford” was a surefire goner.
That not-so-politically-correct song,
performed at Walt Disney World since
1971 as part of a corny Magic Kingdom
revue called “Country Bear Jamboree,”
would never survive an impending
modernization, fans worried. Trixie, an
obese animatronic bear with a boozy
performance (“Tears Will Be the Chas-
er for Your Wine”), might also be in
“It’s outdated, but it’s also like step-
ping back into your childhood,” Evelyn
Garcia, a fan,said after taking in the
show in May. “They mess with it over
my dead body.”
And therein lies one of Disney’s most
vexing challenges: How do you keep
these outdated but beloved shows rele-
vant to the iPad generation while not
angering hard-core fans? “Country
Bear Jamboree,” which closed in Au-
gust and reopened on Wednesday —
shorter, without two songs and featur-
ing new fur styles for its stars — is a
window into how that entertainment gi-
ant is lately trying to walk that line.
The overhaul “was done with a lot of
love,” said Bruce E. Vaughn, chief cre-
ative executive at Walt Disney Imag-
ineering. “You want to be really sensi-
tive to the original spirit. But tastes also
change, how people consume media
changes. We must keep our product rel-
“What used to be a ‘wow’ may not be
a ‘wow’ any longer,” he said, referring
to the way that rudimentary animatron-
ic figures used to enthrall audiences.
“Country Bear Jamboree,” featuring
24 animatronic animals who promise in
their opening to dispense with any
“chitchat, yick yack and flim flam,” was
one of the last attractions worked on by
Walt Disney, the company’s founder. He
developed the revue for Mineral King
Ski Resort, planned for a spot near Se-
“Country Bear Jamboree” reopened at Walt Disney World on Wednesday with a shortened program missing two of the original songs and with new fur styles for the stars, including Trixie, below. C1
Despite Fans’ Fears, Disney’s Country Bears Remain Corny
An attraction changes its
fur but not its approach. Continued on Page 7
“Don’t have the monkey,” Da-
vid Quammen said before lunch
the other day at Casa Mono, a
Catalan restaurant on Irving
Place in Manhattan. “Or if you
do, order it medium-well.” There was a haunch of some
strange salted and air-cured
mammal on the bar, but despite
the restaurant’s name (Casa
Mono means Monkey House in
Spanish), there is no monkey on
the menu, and a good thing too.
As Mr. Quammen points out in
his scary but
down new book,
“Spillover: Ani-
mal Infections
and the Next
Human Pan-
demic,” eating
tainted chim-
panzee meat is
a good way to
come down
with the Ebola
virus. Ebola is just
one of many horrific diseases
that turn up in “Spillover.” Some
of the others are SARS, AIDS, bu-
bonic plague, Lyme disease, West
Nile fever, Marburg virus, swine
flu, bird flu and Hendra virus, or
horse measles. What they have in
common is that they are all zoo-
noses — animal infections that
jump over into humans — and the
book’s unsettling thesis is that
such crossovers are bound to
happen with more frequency, and
possibly greater virulence, as
people increasingly encroach on
formerly wild and undisturbed
habitats. “We’re shaking loose viruses
and dislodging them from their
natural ecological limitations,
places where they aren’t very
abundant and have competition,
even within a single animal,” Mr.
Quammen said. “We introduce
them into a new, rich habitat
called the human population, The Subject
Is Science,
The Style
Is Faulkner
The writer
David Quammen.
Continued on Page 5
During the course of “Symphony #9,” the
new ballet by Alexei Ratmansky, the balleri-
na Polina Semionova returns to the stage and
to her partner, Marcelo Gomes, seated alone.
Instead of rousing him or dancing, her first
action is to place her hand ten-
derly over his mouth, as if to stop
the words he is ready to utter.
This largely ebullient and pure-
dance work, whose premiere
was given by American Ballet
Theater on Thursday night at
City Center, is studded with such private inci-
dents,indicating a secret, darker drama we
can only guess at. The ninth symphony that Mr. Ratmansky
has choreographed here is by Dmitri Shosta-
kovich. Its premiere occurred in 1945, and the
composer — an artist of secrets, codes and
double messages — seems to have been ad-
dressing the largely positive mood brought
on by the close of World War II. Because the
end of Hitler did not mean the end of Stalin,
and because some of the eventual Russian
gains were to prove as appalling as the incal-
culable losses, postwar relief was laced with
Mainly, like its music, “Symphony #9” is
bright in energy. To watch it the first time is
to keep finding surprises. Its dance language,
its unfolding structure and its moods are dy-
namic, as if the terrain about it were contin-
ually shifting, like a kaleidoscope. Whereas
previous Russian-themed works by Mr. Rat-
mansky have suggested a single imaginary
world, “Symphony #9” has no such sense of
fixed place. History strangely whirls through
and around it.
At first the choreographic structure recalls
George Balanchine’s “Stravinsky Violin Con-
certo,” with soloists chasing around (first
Craig Salstein, then Simone Messmer), each
accompanied by four lively supporting danc-
ers.Meanwhile the dance language blends
Balanchine (steps off balance, and foot-cir-
cling gargouillade jumps for the women) with
Frederick Ashton (brisk hops on point and
vividly pliant upper bodies). Mr. Salstein’s
role is unstoppably Puckish;Ms. Messmer is
ardently playful. Often we see bodies leaning ALASTAIR
REVIEW Swirls and Shifts in a Kaleidoscope ANDREA MOHIN/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Symphony #9
Marcelo Gomes and Polina Semionova, aloft, with other American Ballet
Theater dancers in the premiere of this work by Alexei Ratmansky at City Center.
Continued on Page 7
PARIS — In the aftermath of
the theft of seven valuable art-
works, the Kunsthal in Rotter-
dam on Friday denied accusa-
tions of sloppy security instead of
celebrating its 20th anniversary
as a museum designed with open
and flexible architecture. The gallery’s director, Emily
Ansenk, dismissed as nonsense
reports that a back emergency
door had been left unlocked for
the thieves, who made their way
into the museum on Tuesday
morning without leaving obvious
pry marks.
But the police made it clear
that they were investigating
whether someone had remained
behind in the museum after clos-
ing hours and could have opened
the door.
Late on Friday, the police re-
leased three dark, grainy photos
from surveillance cameras, ap-
parently showing the thieves
walking out the rear door. Their
faces were not visible, but the
hope is that their bags are recog-
nizable. The police have also can-
vassed the neighborhood and
posted leaflets calling on witness-
es who might have seen some-
thing suspicious. The museum, which has no
permanent collection, has come
under withering scrutiny. The
Algemeen Dagblad, a local news-
paper, reported this week that a
visitor complained that three
months ago he and another per-
son were trapped there at closing
time and left through the same Continued on Page 5
Its Security
After Theft
The police look into
possibility a rear door
was left unlocked.
Among the flock of devotees at-
tending Barbara Cook’s 85th
Birthday Concert at Carnegie
Hall on Thursday evening, I
imagine everyone coming away
from this love-in sa-
voring a different fa-
vorite moment, for
there were so many
Here are two. The
first was an a capella
rendition of “House of the Rising
Sun,” in which the world seemed
to fall out from under her on the
words “Oh God,” uttered as a
gasp of despair. The second, the
relatively obscure early-1930s
ballad “If I Love Again,” by Jack
Murray and Ben Oakland,was
turned into a heartbreaking con-
fession of emotional duplicity by
a woman fantasizing the pres-
ence of a departed lover while in
the arms of others. More possibilities: a slow, sul-
try rendition of “Lover Man,” in
which the late-blooming jazz
torch singer inside Ms. Cook rose
to the fore, and an unamplified
encore of “Imagine,” with a skele-
tal piano accompaniment that
she infused with hope and sweet-
ness. And there was her recently
adopted signature song, “Here’s
to Life,” which she sang very
slowly, imparting every phrase
as if it were a hard-won life les-
son. To hear a singer in her 80s
whose voice transcends age
bearing down on the words, “As STEPHEN
REVIEW Still in the Game, and Still So Passionate to Play
Barbara Cook’s 85th Birthday Concert
at Carnegie Hall, witha relaxed Ms.
CookandTedRosenthal, left, and Jay Leonhart among the musicians.
Continued on Page 7
Two orchestras showed up on
Thursday evening at Avery Fish-
er Hall. One featured a band of
uninterested players policed by a
conductor who, for the most part,
seemed content to beat time. The
other was a tight-
knit group of mu-
sicians who of-
fered an incandes-
cent performance
under the direc-
tion of an artist
with a fine sense
of line and color. Both were identified in Playbill
as the New York Philharmonic,
conducted by Rafael Frühbeck de
Burgos in a program of exotically
flavored French works — Éduard
Lalo’s “Symphonie Espagnole”
and Hector Berlioz’s “Symphonie
Fantastique” — that should have
made for a unified evening. But
the electrically charged rendition
of the “Fantastique” only under-
lined the orchestra’s lackluster
performance of Lalo’s work.That
the first half nevertheless offered
moments of excitement was en-
tirely because of the energetic
performance of Augustin Hadel-
ich, who threw himself into the
virtuosic solo violin part with a
passion bordering on impatience.
To be fair, Lalo gives the violin-
ist all the best lines. Written with
the fiendish dexterity of Pablo de
Sarasate in mind, “Symphonie
Espagnole” is closer in spirit to
other 19th-century violin concer-
tos than to the form its name im-
plies. Its five movements are
driven by the vigorous rhythms
of Spanish dances, including the
lilting habanera of the opening. At 28, Mr. Hadelich is part of a
generation of musicians with mul-
tidisciplinary curiosity; when he
was studying the music of Astor
Piazzolla, he took tango dance
lessons. I don’t know whether he
practiced the flamenco and segui-
dilla before this performance, but
his Iberian dances were sharply
characterized: by turns flirta-
tious, raunchy and arrogant. Mr. Hadelich appeared un-
daunted by the technical chal-
lenges, bringing humor to the em-
bellishments in the final move-
ment and making the most of his
instrument’s distinctive low
range in the extensive passages
on the G string.
The orchestra, which had
seemed cowed during the first
part of the evening, gave an ar-
dent performance of Berlioz’s
phantasmagoric tone poem. With
his very precise conducting, Mr.
Frühbeck shaped each movement
with an extraordinary flexibility
of tempo, bringing out the falter-
ing heartbeat suggested by the
cellos and creating space for the
delicate woodwind solos to un-
fold.For the concluding “Witches’
Sabbath” the Philharmonic dug
into its full arsenal of special ef-
fects, with jazzy glissandos in the
woodwinds, hoarse whispers in
the muted violas and the com-
manding might of the orchestra’s
own church bells turning the fan-
tastical into science fiction.
MUSIC REVIEW Playing Jekyll and Hyde With Exotic French Flavors IAN DOUGLAS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
New York Philharmonic
Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos led the orchestra and the soloist Augustin Hadelich in a
performance of Éduard Lalo’s “Symphonie Espagnole” on Thursday at Avery Fisher Hall.
This program will be repeated on
Saturday and Tuesday evenings
at Avery Fisher Hall, Lincoln Cen-
ter; (212) 875-5656,
For maybe a third of his late set
on Thursday night at the Jazz
Standard, Jacky Terrasson played
piano at the volume of a windup
music box, or left fat stripes of si-
lence as the other mem-
bers of his trio played
on steadily. This was extreme-dy-
namics brinkmanship,
figuring out how music
can intensify while
growing ever quieter. The game
descends directly from Ahmad
Jamal;the song Mr. Terrasson
used it on most was “But Not for
Me,” a tune Mr. Jamal radically
personalized in 1958. But that
song appeared almost as a sur-
prise, after Mr. Terrasson rum-
maged through parts of other
standards, moving among them
without breaks. The formof the whole set, not
just the individual songs within it,
felt elastic; very little was fin-
ished or codified. There were
short breaks for applause —this
was music that challenges and re-
wards an audience in regular ro-
tation —but Mr. Terrasson most-
ly played through them, pushing
down single notes like sketch
ideas, seeing what might grow
out of various combinations. Generally he seemed loose, at
liberty. He’s got a new record,
“Gouache,” which has just been
released by Universal France.
(Forty-five now — he’s been a sig-
nificant figure in jazz for nearly 20
years, though sometimes an elu-
sive one,with irregular career
moves — Mr. Terrasson grew up
in France and lives in New York.)
But it won’t be available here till
next year, and the set wasn’t
based on it. Instead it was based on the
possibilities inherent in his cur-
rent band, which can be heard on
that record. The trio includes the
bassist Burniss Earl Travis,
whose notes come in elegant,
subtle shapes, groove with no os-
tentation; and the drummer Jus-
tin Faulkner, who played aggres-
sively, with an extra snare and a
will to dominate. Sometimes Mr.
Terrasson encouraged that. And
sometimes he defused it with
playfulness and acts of redirec-
tion —a new melody or a change
in tempo after a long vamp. (May-
be another third of the set was
just vamps: thickening, frag-
menting, then turning into some-
thing else.) It’s a great band; it feeds itself.
So a long version of “America the
Beautiful” began as unaccompa-
nied piano through a shuffle of
styles, then added bass and
drums for a reggae section, and
slipped into swing with speed and
volume.It looped through New
Orleans rhythm, which Mr. Faulk-
ner took apart after about 30 sec-
onds, played with “I Got
Rhythm,” and then returned to
the theme, making a vamping cy-
cle of chords out of the song’s
closing line.But he left out one:
that for “sea,” its final word. When Silence Powers Sound
Jacky Terrasson Trio
Mr. Terrasson
performing with his band at the
Jazz Standard on Thursday night.
REVIEW The Jacky Terrasson trio per-
forms through Sunday at the Jazz
Standard, 116 East 27th Street,
Manhattan;(212) 576-2232,
‘Rebecca’ Producers Sue Over Phantom Investors
The producers of the scuttled Broadway musical “Rebecca” filed
a lawsuit on Friday in State Supreme Court in Manhattan against
Mark C. Hotton, a former stockbroker from Long Island on whom they
were relying to raise $4.5 million of the show’s $12 million budget. The
civil suit comes after federal authorities arrested Mr. Hotton on Mon-
day, saying he made up phantom investors in the show in return for
fees and expenses. Mr. Hotton, the authorities said, collected $60,000
from the producers without bringing in any money. Mr. Hotton, who is
being held without bail, faces a maximum of 20 years for each of two
counts of wire fraud if convicted. The producers’ lawsuit said that Mr. Hotton “invented fictitious in-
vestors, forged financial documents and orchestrated dozens of seem-
ingly independent communications” by e-mail from his fake investors
to the “Rebecca” producers. Mr. Hotton also provided signed agree-
ments from his phantom investors pledging their money, the lawsuit
says. The alleged scheme fell apart last month after questions arose
about the existence of one of the Hotton investors, who was supposed
to provide $2 million to “Rebecca.” The producers, Ben Sprecher and
Louise Forlenza, are trying to raise new money to mount the musical
on Broadway or elsewhere next year. If they do not, their producing
company will be liable for $7 million owed to investors and third par-
ties. In addition to Mr. Hotton, the producers are also suing his wife,
Sherri Hotton,who they say conspired with him. They are also suing
one or more unknown individuals who sent an e-mail to a different in-
vestor who had been expected to put in $2.25 million.That e-mail
raised questions about the quality of “Rebecca” and the judgment of
Mr. Sprecher; the investor dropped out upon receiving the e-mail, ap-
parently believing his request for confidentiality had been breached. PATRICK HEALY
Gagosian Drops Suit
Against Perelman
The art dealer Larry Gagosian
has withdrawn a lawsuit he filed
last month against the billionaire
investor Ronald Perelman over
payments involving several
works of art. But the legal battle
of the titans — and former
friends — is not over. Mr. Perel-
man continues to pursue his own
suit against Mr. Gagosian, below,
who Mr. Perelman says cheated
him out of millions of dollars. Mr.
Perelman, who
bought a gran-
ite “Popeye”
that the artist
Jeff Koons was
working on,
said that Mr.
Gagosian had
failed to dis-
close “secret
contract provisions” between the
gallery and Mr. Koons that pre-
vented Mr. Perelman from earn-
ing a fair return on his artistic in-
vestment. In a letter sent to State Su-
preme Court in Manhattan with-
drawing the suit, Mr. Gagosian’s
lawyer, Matthew Dontzin, ex-
plained that the purpose of the
lawsuit had been to establish that
his client owned the works in
question. Since the Perelman
complaint concedes that is the
case, Mr. Dontzin said, there is no
need for Mr. Gagosian to contin-
ue his suit. Mr. Perelman’s law-
yer, Keith Fleischman, declined
to comment. PATRICIA COHEN
‘Homeland’ a New Source
Of Middle East Tension
While American audiences
wait to see how the lives of the
former C.I.A. officer Carrie Math-
ison (Claire Danes,above) and
the Marine-turned-terrorist-
turned-congressman Nicholas
Brody (Damian Brody) will inter-
sect on the current season of
“Homeland,” that Showtime se-
ries is not exactly helping to rec-
oncile rival nations in the Middle
East. The minister for tourism in
Lebanon told The Associated
Press that the government was
considering a lawsuit against
“Homeland” for recent episodes
that used Tel Aviv, in Israel,to
stand in for Beirut, the capital of
Lebanon. While Carrie is on a mission
there, she is confronted by militia
members and fired at by gunmen
— all of which “does not reflect
the reality” of Beirut, according
to the tourism minister, Fadi
Abboud. “It was not filmed in Bei-
rut and does not portray the real
image of Beirut.” He added that
“the information minister is
studying media laws to see what
can be done.” Among the give-
aways that “Homeland” was
filmed in Israel and not Lebanon,
The A.P. said, were landmarks, li-
cense plates and traffic signs,
and even a Coca-Cola logo in He-
brew letters. Eytan Schwartz, a spokesman
for the mayor of Tel Aviv, had a
different point of view when he
spoke to The A.P. “If I were Leba-
nese,” he said, “I’d be very flat-
tered that a city, and a World
Heritage Site thanks to its incred-
ible architecture, and residents
who were named among the Top
10 most beautiful people in the
world could pass as Lebanese.” NBC Pulls the Plug On ‘Animal Practice’
NBC announced that it was
canceling the new sitcom “Ani-
mal Practice” and replacing it on
with the sec-
ond-year sit-
com “Whitney.”
Starting on
Nov. 11, “Whit-
ney,” which
stars the stand-
up comic Whit-
ney Cummings,
will take over the 8 p.m. Wednes-
day time period that has been
home to “Animal Practice.” That
comedy, about a veterinarian
(Justin Kirk, above) with a mon-
key as an assistant, has received
poor ratings since NBC gave it a
plum spot at the end of the clos-
ing ceremonies of the Olympics
(pre-empting a performance by
the Who in the process).
New Comedies’ Ratings
Not Very Amusing
Although this young fall televi-
sion season has already deliv-
ered a new breakout drama in the
form of NBC’s “Revolution,” no-
ticeably absent from the broad-
cast network schedule is any kind
of breakout comedy. On Fox “The
Mindy Project” has struggled to
connect with viewers. Its most
recent episode,on Oct. 9,drew 3.6
million viewers, down from the
4.7 million who tuned in to the se-
ries premiere. “Ben and Kate”
has fared even worse,with 2.7
million viewers for its latest epi-
sode on Tuesday. Fox has or-
dered full seasons of both shows,
but if they continue at these num-
bers it is hard to believe that ei-
ther will see a second season. For CBS the only new comedy
this season is “Partners,” which
had 6.1 million viewers for last
Monday’s episode. That is a de-
cent number, but it may not be
enough for CBS, which has made
a yearly habit of canceling its
lowest-rated comedy, which
“Partners” definitely is.ABC’s
new comedy “The Neighbors”
has also performed decently with
6.5 million viewers, and more im-
portant, settled in that range over
the last few weeks after a very
quick drop from the 9.2 million
who watched the premiere. The lone bright spot, it seems,
has been “Go On” on NBC. That
Matthew Perry-led program sta-
bilized on Oct. 9 — after a few
weeks of steady declines — at 6.7
million total viewers, the highest
audience total among all the new
broadcast network comedies.
Arts, Briefly
One of the greatest trips
around the world has come to an
end. Pina Bausch died in 2009,
soon after completing her final
work, “ ... como el musguito en la
piedra, ay si, si, si... ”
(“Like moss on a
stone”). In it she fo-
cused on Santiago,
Chile, as part of a se-
ries of dances inspired
by a place. Over the
years Bausch has shown us the
world through a set of eyes that
twinkled knowingly, all the while
exploring elements that make up
the human experience: beauty,
awkwardness, cruelty, lunacy, hu-
mor and despair.
On Thursday at the Brooklyn
Academy of Music that final pro-
duction began its run, performed
by Tanztheater Wuppertal Pina
Bausch, which is now led by the
artistic directors Dominique Mer-
cy and Robert Sturm. It’s not
Bausch’s strongest effort; her
presence is still in the work, but
just as with Wim Wenders’s popu-
lar documentary “Pina,” a senti-
mental edge crept in. Yes, the women still wear their
hair luxuriously long and glide in
floor-length gowns — impeccably
designed by Marion Cito — but
those details, while integral to
Bausch’s vision, always struck
me as part of the overall design.
Now they are what a Bausch fan
clings to. Whimsy remains an in-
tegral part of the Bauschian ad-
venture, but what’s on shakier
ground is her German bite.
“Como el musguito,” named after
lyrics in the Chilean singer Viole-
ta Parra’s “Volver a los 17” (“To
Be 17 Again”), seems incomplete. The piece begins with Silvia
Farias Heredia, a ghostly vision
in white,with dark hair forming a
veil around her face, as she takes
a position on all fours. As soon as
two men pick her up — preserv-
ing her shape in the air — she
yelps like a dog. Later more men
take turns hoisting her from be-
hind so that she appears to float;
she barely looks alive. In Bausch’s episodic work,
seemingly unrelated scenes cre-
ate a labyrinth of ideas fed by im-
ages and, never to be discounted,
sound. But in “como el musguito”
the musical selections, credited to
Matthias Burkert and Andreas
Eisenschneider, are more about
creating an atmosphere than
about igniting memories and
emotions. As usual, the work’s structure
flickers between quirky, comedic
interludes and intricate solos in
which the dancers let loose, tak-
ing charge of the stage with all of
Bausch’s signature moves: arms
weave above the head in pretzel
shapes, leaving behind an invisi-
ble lattice, while torsos twist to
volatile extremes. In many of the solo dances
what remains prominent is how
the weight of the head drives the
body’s momentum, engaging the
torso to bow and tilt like a boat in
choppy water. Regardless of the
dancers’ gender, their bodies are
tornadoes, often trapped in a
place of passionate, cathartic nos-
talgia, which causes the dancing
to slip into effusiveness.
Mr. Mercy, also a dancer, a frac-
tion too mournful, rushes to the
front of the stage with his arms
held out to either side,like a trag-
ic bird. Ditta Miranda Jasjfi, her
usual diminutive self, is a whirl-
wind in crushed pink velvet. But
Azusa Seyama is sharper, more
refined: after she rolls across the
stage with a pillow, her melting
movement quality becomes taut.
Flexed wrists and feet give her
precise shapes an emphatic edge.
She woke me up.
Highly personal solos are an-
other one of Bausch’s signatures,
but we get a better feel for the
dancers as individuals in more
absurd, theatrical moments.
Rainer Behr pours water over
Anna Wehsarg’s head as she
calmly, resolutely reapplies pow-
der and lipstick and runs a brush
through her auburn hair. The
saucy Morena Nascimento
stretches across the ankles of two
men as they perform situps. And
the regal yet self-effacing Clé-
mentine Deluy engages an audi-
ence member in whispered con-
versation and uses her gown to
clean his glasses. Group sections also underscore
Bausch’s fanciful side, as when
the dancers line up in a seated di-
agonal — falling back on one an-
other like dominoes,while strok-
ing the hair of the person in front
of them — or stretch on their bel-
lies to face the audience while
performing a series of hand ges-
tures. Both exemplify another
Bauschian feat: unearthing the
child in the adult. In contrast to these lightheart-
ed scenes is the severity of Peter
Pabst’s set, distinguished by a
black backdrop and a white stage
that cracks and mends through-
out the piece. (Perhaps a refer-
ence to ice floes in southern
Chile?) While handsome, the
décor can’t help making you
dwell on the cracks in the founda-
tion of “como el musguito” and
with that, the future of Bausch. For that reason the what-
comes-around-goes-around end-
ing — the opening sequence is re-
peated, leaving Ms. Heredia
again perched on all fours — is
more than merely lazy: it’s the
most heartbreaking moment in
the show. DANCE
KOURLAS Tanztheater Wuppertal Pina
Bausch continues performances
through Oct. 27 at the BAM Opera
House, 30 Lafayette Avenue, at
Ashland Place, Fort Greene;
(718) 636-4100, A Fanciful
To a Tour
Tanztheater Wuppertal Pina Bausch
Tsai Chin Yu in “ ... como el musguito en la piedra, ay si, si, si ... ,” by this company at the BAM Opera House. The latest “Paranormal Activi-
ty,” No. 4, is unlikely to attract
new viewers to this
horror series; by now
you’ve signed on or
not. But there are
reasons these movies
persist, mainly a con-
sistency and a deter-
mination not to overreach; un-
derstatement and adherence to
formcarry these films. “Paranor-
mal Activity 4” will please the
fans, and that should sustain this
low-budget, highly profitable
In a surprising — and refresh-
ing — “Paranormal” first, the fo-
cus in No. 4 is a teenager. Alex
(Kathryn Newton, wonderful),
the heroine, hangs out with her
friend Ben (Matt Shively, also de-
lightful) or talks to him via Skype
when she’s not dealing with her
bickering parents and young
adopted brother, Wyatt (Aiden
Then there’s the solemn,
brooding Robbie (Brady Allen),
the boy next door, adopted by
Alex’s family after his mother,
Katie (Katie Featherston,the se-
ries’ mainstay), became sick.
Ever since he moved in,chande-
liers and kitchen knives just ha-
ven’t been able to stay still. And
something’s happening with the
living room Xbox. Expect the customary surveil-
lance cameras throughout a sub-
urban home; jump cuts; bodies
and faces pressed oppressively
close to the lens; de rigueur dark
hallways, closet doors and dis-
tant noises. But the mood is often
playful, with teases and fake-
outs that are sometimes humor-
ous and usually right before
shocks. Violence is rare, quick
and devoid of lingering close-
ups. Can we expect a No. 5? Stick
around after the closing credits. “Paranormal Activity 4” is rat-
ed R (Under 17 requires accompa-
nying parent or adult guardian).
Violence, strong language and
child endangerment. Watch Out for Swaying Chandeliers and Rogue Knives
WEBSTER Paranormal Activity 4
Opened on Friday nationwide. Directed by Henry Joost and Ariel Schul-
man; written by Christopher Landon,
based on a story by Chad Feehan and the
film “Paranormal Activity” by Oren Peli;
director of photography, Doug Emmett;
edited by Gregory Plotkin; production
design by Jennifer Spence; costumes by
Leah Butler; produced by Jason Blum
and Mr. Peli; released by Paramount Pic-
tures. Running time: 1 hour 35 minutes. WITH: Katie Featherston (Katie), Kath-
ryn Newton (Alex), Matt Shively (Ben),
Aiden Lovekamp (Wyatt), Brady Allen
(Robbie) and Stephen Dunham (Doug). A trailer for “Paranormal
Activity 4”:
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
Steppenwolf’sProduction of
Carrie Coon Madison Dirks
Tue 7;Wed 2;Thu 7;Fri 7;Sat 2&8;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Booth Theater,222 West 45th St
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Tu &We 7;Th-Sa 8;We &Sa 2;Su 3
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Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
Fromthe Best-Selling Novel
Anewplay by Aaron Posner
Adapted fromthe novel by ChaimPotok
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Westside Theatre (+) 407 W.43rd St.
Experience the Phenomenon
Mon-Fri 8,Sat-Sun 2,5&8
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Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
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by Stephen Belber
directed by Lucie Tiberghien
(212) 352-3101
Tue-Wed 7,Thu-Fri 8,Sat 2+8,Sun 3
Lucille Lortel (+) 121 Christopher St
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Packs a powerful punch!"-NewYork Post
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Minetta Lane Theatre - 18 Minetta Lane
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Critic's Pick!- NYMagazine
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47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
Signature Theatre presents
by David Henry Hwang
directed by Leigh Silverman
Tue,Wed,&Fri at 7:30;
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The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
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Tues-Fri,8pm,Sat,2 &8pm,Sun,3pm 212-691-1555
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Mon-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
Palace Theatre (+),Broadway &47 Street
"ENCHANTING!When Rob McClure
transforms into Chaplin's Little Tramp,it's
a dizzying,multilevel metamorphosis."
- Ben Brantley,The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
The Big Musical About the Little Tramp
Tu 7;We 2&7:30;Th 7;Fr 8;Sa 2&8;Su 3
Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street
2006 Tony Award Winner
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or call (866) 870-2717
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The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
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Walter Kerr Theatre(+) 219 West 48 Street
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ANational Theatre of
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Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
S Q 10 6 2
h K 10 9
d Q J 8 7
C A 10
S K 8 5 4 3
h A J 3
d A 9 5 3
C 3
S J 9 7
h Q 7 2
d K 6 4
C Q 9 6 2
h 8 6 5 4
d 10 2
C K J 8 7 5 4
Neither side was vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
— 1 d Pass 1 h
1 S Dbl. 2 S 3 C
Pass Pass Pass
West led the club three.
he would have doubled.)
Against three clubs, Schwartz
(West) led his singleton trump,
which was covered by the ten,
queen and king.
South played a club to dum-
my’s ace (West discarded a
spade), then called for a low dia-
What did Fisher (East) know?
He was aware that his partner
had only one spade honor, be-
cause with the ace and the king,
he would have led the suit at
Trick 1. And that honor was prob-
ably the king, because if South
had the singleton king, he surely
would have led it at Trick 2. So
West was marked with both red
aces. And to defeat the contract,
the defenders had to take two
hearts, two diamonds and one
To make this clear to his part-
ner also, East won this trick with
his diamond king and shifted to
the heart deuce.
West won with his ace and im-
mediately played another heart
to establish those five tricks.
Plus 50 gave Fisher and
Schwartz 14 imps on the board.
The Cavendish Pairs tourna-
ment, which finished on Friday,
was won by Lotan Fisher and
Ron Schwartz from Israel. They
finished with 481.15 international
match points, 63.55 ahead of Phi-
lippe Cronier and Jean-Chris-
tophe Quantin from France, with
Agustin Madala from Italy and
Zia Mahmood from the United
States another 90.31 further
back, in third.
It was a most impressive per-
formance by the young Israelis
(Fisher is 22,and Schwartz is
25), because they led after each
of the six sessions against a very
strong field that included 7 of the
world’s Top 10 ranked players.
The diagramed deal from the
second session resulted in only a
small gain, but it shows how to
make defense as easy as possible
for partner.
In the auction, North’s double
showed three-card heart sup-
port. South’s three clubs was a
signoff,indicating longer clubs
than hearts. (With a good hand,
Phillip Alder Bridge Karlheinz Stockhausen con-
ceived his final masterpiece,
“Klang” (“Sound”), as a daylong
event of both sprawling scale and
surprising intimacy.
“It seems that I am
listening again more
for moments, atmos-
pheres,” he said of the
project, “rather than
He could have been
speaking for much of the music
from the past 50 years, which
achieves its effects through de-
tails and mood — those moments
and atmospheres — rather than
from broad allegiance to systems
like serialism. He imagined what
he called the 24 “musical mo-
ments” of “Freude” (“Joy”), the
second hour of “Klang,” as a day
within the work’s larger day.
“Freude” (2005), which the
Chamber Music Society of Lin-
coln Center presented on Thurs-
day during the excellent opening
concert of this season’s New Mu-
sic in the Kaplan Penthouse se-
ries, is scored for two harps. The
musicians, here the passionate
June Han and Bridget Kibbey, do
not just slap, pluck and rub their
instruments. They sing — and
sing-speak — the words of the
Pentecost hymn “Veni, creator
spiritus.” The work is alternately
playful and somber, with a firm
grounding in the austere medi-
eval troubadour and plainsong
traditions. It is also an immersion
in subtle differences of texture:
between a string rubbed and
gently tapped, or plucked with a
pick versus a finger.
Georges Aperghis’s “Quatre
Pièces Fébriles” for piano and
marimba (1995) is similarly an ex-
ploration of texture, of the piano’s
resonance,as opposed to the ma-
rimba’s dry precision — and,
sometimes, vice versa. On Thurs-
day the pianist Gilles Vonsattel
and the percussionist Ian David
Rosenbaum were precisely at-
tuned to the details that make the
work’s solemnity vibrate with life.
Mr. Vonsattel and the cellist
Nicolas Altstaedt stormed mood-
ily through Heinz Holliger’s “Ro-
mancendres” (2003). A contrac-
tion of “romance” and “cendres”
(French for “ashes”), “Roman-
cendres” was inspired by a series
of Schumann cello-piano ro-
mances that Clara Schumann
burned before they could be pub-
lished. Passages of Schumann-
esque Romanticism peek out
from behind spiky bursts, misty
harmonics and metallic filaments
of sound, a delicate interplay be-
tween cello and piano.
The chamber society was once
viewed as dependable but stodgy,
the place to go for Beethoven and
Schumann. That commitment to
the classics is still present, but the
main-stage concerts now have far
more variety. And the Kaplan se-
ries is hard to beat for intimacy,
quality of programming and vir-
tuosity of performance.
Attuned to Nuances of Mood and Texture
WOOLFE Chamber Music Society
Kaplan Penthouse There’s a multipage chronology
of Congolese history spanning the
1200s to the present day in the
program for “Cry for Peace:
Voices From the Congo.” Onstage
a large screen of-
fers detailed maps
and dates about
the Democratic
Republic of Congo
and its dismal
past. Yet amid all
the data about colonization, bor-
ders and conflicts, one moment
late in this 80-minute documenta-
ry theater piece proves most
“I see snow for the first time,”
says Emmanuel, who fled the vio-
lence of Congo only to spend 12
years in a camp in Uganda before
arriving in Syracuse. “When I
hold the snow in my hands,I find
it is water. And in America, peo-
ple stay with their dogs in the
house! In my country you cannot
see this! And in the winter I see
dogs putting on clothes!”
His words, filled with awe, help
illustrate how far he has jour-
neyed. That anecdote and others
like it are the most stirring parts
of “Cry for Peace,” which is inter-
esting (and often overwhelming)
when it dispenses information,
but affecting when it relates indi-
vidual tales of suffering and en-
The narrative focuses mainly
on five people who have lived in
Congo and witnessed murder,
rape and other horrifying acts.
They later worked with the thea-
ter group Ping Chong + Company
to shape their stories into a stage
program. Those accounts are
read to the audience (much as in
“The Exonerated,” which centers
on former death-row inmates and
recently opened at the Culture
Project) and can be disturbing
and tense; they lose power, how-
ever, when the talk moves into
history lesson mode. “Cry for Peace,” which ends on
Sunday, is part of the Undesirable
Elements Festival at La MaMa, in
which Ping Chong will present
two other pieces: “Secret Survi-
vors,” with adults who were sexu-
ally abused as children, and “In-
side/Out,” concerning people
with disabilities. With a few ex-
ceptions, the participants are
nonprofessional actors relating
their own experiences.
While the best sections of “Cry
for Peace” are the human ones,
not all are uplifting. “I feel ha-
tred,” says Kambale, whose fa-
ther was tortured and killed.
“When you are mad like this is
when you want to go and shoot
the people who murdered your
family.” Such moments reveal
more about the cycle of violence
than any numbers could. Here,
statistics don’t tell the essential
stories. People do. “Cry for Peace” continues
through Sunday, and the Undesir-
able Elements Festival through
Nov. 4,at La MaMa Ellen Stewart
Theater, 66 East Fourth Street,
East Village; (212) 475-7710,
REVIEW Survivors of Horrors,and Their Journey
Cry for Peace
From left, Cyprien Mihigo, Beatrice Neema, Emmanuel
Ndeze, Kambale Syaghuswa and Mona de Vestel,at La MaMa.
emergency exit. The recriminations are part of a
standard ritual in high-profile art thefts
in which museums confront questions
about security and then face years of
trying to track down valuable paintings.
In the second stage, the cast generally
includes police investigators, insurance
adjusters and lawyers who often
emerge,offering information from what
one museum official characterized as
the murky “other side.”
In this case the artworks’ owner, the
Triton Foundation, has left it to the
Kunsthal to endure the public pres-
sures. The foundation, which was
formed in 2011 after the death of Willem
Cordia, a millionaire Dutch investor and
collector, has no Web site; museum cu-
rators who have benefited from its tem-
porary loans refuse to share contact de-
The foundation, which is not regis-
tered in the Netherlands, is now run by
a family member, Marlies Cordia-Roe-
loffs, who did not respond to repeated
messages seeking comment. The family
also owns a stable, the Jewel Court Stud
farm, near Antwerp, Belgium, with a
Web site containing extensive informa-
tion about the births of foals and show
horses for dressage competitions. A
person at the stud farm also declined to
provide any contact information about
the Triton Foundation.
The seven stolen works, which in-
clude paintings by Picasso, Matisse and
Monet, were quickly replaced with oth-
er works from the foundation so that the
museum opened on Wednesday with no
empty spaces. Its windows were forti-
fied outside by new, enormous stone
planters. And Kunsthal officials avoided
dwelling on the theft, refusing to identi-
fy where the missing paintings had
“Seven works were stolen,and there
are seven new works from the same
foundation,” said Mariëtte Maaskant, a
museum spokeswoman.
One of the stolen works, “Woman
With Eyes Closed,” a 2002 painting by
Lucian Freud, was exhibited on tempo-
rary loan in the spring at the National
Portrait Gallery in London, which had
upgraded its security in connection with
a Freud exhibition, said the museum’s
director, Sandy Nairne. “We redid all our security systems
because of the high values of Lucian
Freud’s paintings,” said Mr. Nairne, the
former program director at the Tate
Gallery, in London. “I was hugely con-
scious of it and now I feel such sympa-
thy for the Kunsthal.” Mr. Nairne is the author of “Art
Theft,” a book about his own journey to
the recovery of two J.M.W. Turner
paintings that belonged to the Tate,
which were stolen in 1994 and missing
for more than eight years.
In that case the art was on temporary
loan to the Schirn Kunsthalle, a Frank-
furt gallery that also does not have a
permanent collection. The thieves
stayed behind after hours and attacked
a guard before fleeing with the Turners.
Three low-level thieves were arrested
and imprisoned, but in a typical pattern,
Mr. Nairne said, they passed the works
to others in a criminal underworld.
While the paintings were missing, a
number of lawyers emerged offering in-
formation from anonymous sources, in-
cluding a Frankfurt lawyer who had
represented a Balkan organized-crime
figure based in Germany.
The Tate eventually paid for investi-
gative expenses and more than 5 million
euros, about $6.5 million at current ex-
change rates, to the lawyer for informa-
tion that led to the recovery of the paint-
ings, in 2002.
“It taught me a lot of things I didn’t
want to know about the criminal world,”
Mr. Nairne said. “There are criminal ac-
tivities that flit around the world we
work in, and we need to consider that.
There’s a link between the huge values
of paintings and the incentives to steal.”
That art theft left scars; this past
summer the Tate created a special digi-
tal exhibition of missing and stolen
works, “The Gallery of Lost Art.” Since
the Kunsthal theft, museum officials
have avoided estimating a price for the
seven paintings, in effect denying a
benchmark to thieves,who typically de-
mand 10 percent of the value of a stolen
painting, experts said.
Its Security
After Theft From First Arts Page
The stolen painting “Woman With
Eyes Closed,” by Lucian Freud. Christopher F. Schuetze reported from
Rotterdam. where they can flourish more abundant-
ly and cause more trouble.”
Mr. Quammen, who is 64 but looks
much younger, grew up in Cincinnati
but has lived for the last 40 years in
Montana. He is wiry and tanned, and
though Dwight Garner, reviewing
“Spillover” in The Times, called him
“not just among our best science writ-
ers but among our best writers, period,”
you could easily mistake him for a fish-
ing guide or a field biologist. “Spillover,”
which took Mr. Quammen some 12
years to write, has chapters on virology,
scientific history, even on math, but in
most of the book he is not just in the lab
or the library but also in remote loca-
tions all over Central Africa, Malaysia
and China. He loves arduous travel, he
said over lunch, and he enjoys the com-
pany of adventurous scientists. In the book some of them become as
vivid as characters in a Michael Crich-
ton scientific thriller, or as obsessed as
the questers in a Rider Haggard novel,
only in search of pathogens instead of
buried treasure.
“I’m not one of those heroic types,”
said Edward C. Holmes, a leading ex-
pert on viral evolution and one of the
stay-at-home scientists also in the book.
“I’m more comfortable sitting at a com-
puter in an air-conditioned office. But
David is almost like a new explorer.” Charles H. Calisher, a virologist and
emeritus professor at Colorado State,
whom Mr. Quammen also interviewed,
said of him: “It’s weird — he’s an Eng-
lish major,” in a tone that suggested that
he didn’t think particularly highly of
that particular academic species. “But
he wanders around, talks to scientists,
reaffirms his impressions. He actually
understands. He gets the bigger picture
sometimes more than the little things,
but that’s O.K., because he goes back
and checks with you. He takes the
He added: “I think some graduate
students these days think viruses come
from freezers. They don’t understand
what people had to go through to collect
them; maybe they had to go into a sew-
er system. But David gets it. He’s also a
very pleasant person. He had no trouble
getting interviews, because people like
talking to him.”
Mr. Quammen, who is also the author
of “The Song of the Dodo: Island Bioge-
ography in an Age of Extinction” and a
biography of Charles Darwin,went to
Yale, where he wasn’t just an English
major but also a protégé of the novelist
and poet Robert Penn Warren,with
whose encouragement he wrote a novel
that came out just a few months after he
graduated, in 1970. “I was a prodigy who
learned how difficult writing was only
after getting published,” he said. “I paid
my dues later.” He went on to publish two more nov-
els and a collection of short stories be-
fore gradually switching over to non-
fiction. He was having trouble getting
published as a novelist, he said, and at a
certain point he decided: “I’m a white,
middle-class male who had a happy
childhood in Ohio. The world does not
need me to be a novelist.” From reading
authors like Stephen Jay Gould,Lewis
Thomas, Annie Dillard and John
McPhee, moreover, he discovered, he
said, that “nonfiction could be wondrous
and imaginative, shapely and literary —
it didn’t just have to be explanatory.” But his greatest influence as a sci-
ence writer, Mr. Quammen insisted, was
the seemingly unscientific William
Faulkner, about whom he wrote both
undergraduate and graduate school the-
ses. Though few critics have been subtle
enough to notice, he said, smiling, the
structure of “Spillover” was as intricate
as that of “Absalom, Absalom” or “Light
in August.” “There are four levels braided togeth-
er like cords in a rope, all moving in the
same direction,” he explained. “Or
that’s what the author thinks,anyway.” There is also some Faulkner, perhaps,
in a sentence like this: “A whitetail in
the woods of Connecticut, during No-
vember, is like a teeming singles bar in
Lower Manhattan on Friday night,
crowded with lubricious seekers.” The subtext of “Spillover” — the like-
lihood of what Mr. Quammen calls the
Next Big One, a global pandemic on the
order of the 1918 influenza outbreak —
belongs more to Robin Cook than to
Faulkner. The chances are compound-
ed, he explained, not just by our way of
disturbing wild habitats but also be-
cause we can get on a plane immedi-
ately afterward. “You can’t take a knife on a plane
anymore,” he said, “but you can get on
carrying a virus.” He added that he didn’t mean to
alarm readers. “There are enough things out there to
lose sleep over,” he said. “I hope instead
that readers will experience what I’ve
experienced and feel that to understand
this phenomenon is empowering. It’s
serious,and we need to know about it,
and there are some things to be done. “If your presidential candidate wants
to cut the budget for the Centers for Dis-
ease Control in half, find another presi-
dential candidate. They’re doing im-
portant stuff.” He smiled. “Some other things to be
done? Don’t eat the monkey. Get a flu
vaccine. If you live in the Northeast,
brush the ticks off your kid when he
comes in from the woods.” ROBERT CAPLIN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
David Quammen in New York. His new book, “Spillover,” looks at how animal diseases have jumped to humans. A nonfiction thriller on
disease has the intricate
structure of a novel.
For Author, the Subject Is Science,but the Style Is Faulkner
From First Arts Page
There are no heroes in Kacey Mus-
graves’s songs, no role models, no one
with a good track record in decision
making. They’re about broken-down
people. But really they’re about inertia.
Take “It Is What It Is,”
a song titled after as in-
ertial a sentiment as
there is. Ms. Musgraves,
a young country singer
full of verve and cyni-
cism, sings it to someone
she wants to see, and then wants to see
go: “Put on your shoes and get in your
car/And put it in drive and point it this
way/You don’t have to talk, don’t have
to stay.” “My grandma calls this the slut
song,” she explains on a YouTube clip of
her performing it. The chorus is tragic
and perfectly emotionally empty:
I ain’t got no one sleeping with me
And you ain’t got nowhere that you
need to be
Maybe I love you, or maybe I’m just
kind of bored
It is what it is
’Til it ain’t Anymore When she got around to that song on
Thursday night, the third in her set at
the Highline Ballroom, she didn’t seem
especially drained. She delivered it with
matter-of-factness, almost a shrug. Peo-
ple are damaged, no need to make a
scene about it.
That was the theme Ms. Musgraves
kept returning to during this too-short
but authoritative set at One Night in ...
New York City, an annual benefit by the
gossipmonger Perez Hilton for the VH1
Save the Music Foundation. Ms. Musgraves has a smallish but te-
nacious voice, and her songs are wordy
and thick, with no fat whatsoever. It
took some time to get to that place. In 2007 she was a poised teenager on
“Nashville Star”; that same year she re-
leased a traditional-minded,self-titled
album. Since then she’s grown steadily.
A duet with the Josh Abbott Band was a
hit on the Texas Music Chart. A song
she helped write was used on a recent
episode of the ABC drama “Nashville.”
Recently she released “Merry Go
‘Round,” the first single from her forth-
coming major-label debut album. In this
song, too, the characters are lost — ad-
dicts, adulterers and hypocrites — but
she sings about them almost affection-
ately. They know not what they do.
The same is true on “Blowin’ Smoke,”
about waitresses with big dreams and
big mouths, with which she opened her
performance here. Again, inertia: “Still
hasn’t lost that baby weight/And that
baby’s bout to graduate/From college.”
These lyrics reward close listening,
but Ms. Musgraves got little of that at
the Highline, in her first New York per-
formance. She struggled to overcome a
chatty, disjointed crowd, many of whom
were probably there to see one of the
better-known performers scheduled for
later in the night: the brassy Elle King,
the gratingly whimsical Karmin, the re-
surgent R&B diva Brandy.
Had they been paying attention, they
might have appreciated Ms. Mus-
graves’s slightly profane streak — light
stuff for a pop star, but bold for a coun-
try music aspirant in an age of fake out-
laws. She melds a contemporary pop
ear with a firm grasp on darker country
archetypes of the 1970s and 1980s, which
have lately been largely scrubbed from
the genre. Her songs exist beneath its
typical value system. “Same hurt in ev-
ery heart/Same trailer, different park,”
she sang on “Merry Go ‘Round.”
When that song was done, the audi-
ence applauded distractedly. She
thanked the listeners, and before she
began “Everybody’s Got a Story,” about
not placing your own struggles over
others’, she qualified it with a warning:
“Depressing again.”
Kacey Musgraves,
in her first New York appearance, performed thoughtful, dark country tunes at the Highline Ballroom for the One Night in ... New York City party.
CARAMANICA Everyday Tales About a Tough World. But That’s Life.
‘It Is What It Is’ is a title
and a recurring theme for a young singer.
Television highlights for a full week, recent
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Star Trek: The Next Generation Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG)
● Bedlam “Unfaithful.” (N) (CC) (HD) Hex “Life Goes On.” (CC) (HD) (14) Funny as Hell 2012 (N) (CC) (14) Bedlam (HD) (14)
The Best Man (1999). Taye Diggs, Nia Long. Writer meets old flame at friend’s wedding. Genial. (R) (CC)
Barbershop 2: Back in Business (2004). Ice Cube. Neighborhood place vs. gentrification. Loving tribute to black culture, but only intermittently amusing. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
I Will Follow (2010). (CC) (HD)
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD) Cursed “Inherited Misery.” (HD) (PG) Ghost Stories
> Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Pursuits (HD) Political Capital Bloomberg
> Charlie Rose (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Bloomberg Political Capital
Don’t Be Tardy for the Wedding
Don’t Be Tardy for the Wedding
Don’t Be Tardy for the Wedding “We Fly Above.”
Next Friday (1999). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Young man and lottery-win-
ning uncle. Loud. (R)
Next Friday (1999). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Young man and lottery-winning uncle. Loud. (R)
College Football Marshall vs. Southern Mississippi. (HD) College Football San Diego State vs. Nevada. (HD)
Reba (CC) (HD) Reba (CC) (HD) Reba (CC) (HD) Reba (CC) (HD) Bayou Billion Bayou Billion Redneck Rehab (N) (CC) (HD) Bayou Billion Bayou Billion Bayou Billion
Hoodwinked! (2005). Voices of Anne Hathaway, Glenn Close. (PG) Venture Bros.Family Guy (PG) Family Guy (14) Cleveland Show Black Dynamite The Boondocks Bleach (N) (14)
Money in Motion Currency
How I Made My Millions
Ultimate Factories “Caterpillar.” (G) The Suze Orman Show “Dialing for Dollars.” (N) (CC)
Til Debt Do Us Part (CC)
Til Debt Do Us Part (CC) (PG)
Ultimate Factories “Peterbilt.” A Pe-
terbilt Motors factory in Texas. (G)
The Suze Orman Show (CC)
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Voters in America: Who Counts The new voter laws. (HD)
Piers Morgan Tonight (HD) CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Voters in America: Who Counts The new voter laws. (HD)
Piers Morgan Tonight (HD)
Joe Dirt (2001). Goofy janitor searching for parents who abandoned him. Oh, what a lonely boy. (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Jeff Dunham: Minding the Mon-
sters Jeff Dunham performs. (HD)
Key & Peele (CC) (HD) (14)
Jeff Dunham: Minding the Mon-
sters Jeff Dunham performs. (HD)
Brickleberry (CC) (HD) (MA)
● Office Space (1999). Jennifer An-
iston, Ron Livingston. (R) (CC) (HD)
Food(ography) Food(ography) Everyday Italian Kelsey’s Ess.Man Fire Food Man Fire Food Man Fire Food Man Fire Food Dinner Imposs.Eat St. (HD) Everyday Italian
Presidential Foreign Policy Debate “2004.” Presidential Foreign Policy Debate “1984.” (8:35) Presidential Foreign Policy Debate “1988.” (10:05) Presidential--Policy Debate
Book TV “Bill and Hillary.” (N) Book TV “Science Left Behind.” (N) Book TV (N) Book TV: After Words (N) Book TV “1812.” (N) Book TV (12:15)
Eldridge & Co.City Talk CityWide Theater Talk (G)
. The Lady With the Dog (1960). Alexei Batalov, Iya Savvina.TimesTalks Arts & Leisure Real
A.N.T. Farm (CC) (HD) (G)
A.N.T. Farm (CC) (HD) (G)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
Make Your Mark: Shake It Up Result Show (N) (CC) (G)
My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD)
Jessie (CC) (HD) (G)
10 Killer Bath I Want That (HD) Holmes on Homes (HD) (G) Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Family Under Family Under Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Dead of Winter.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Spring Has Sprung.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Cattle Drive.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Gold Rush “The Long Road.” The struggle to get to the gold. (HD) (PG)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Cattle Drive.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Gold Rush “The Long Road.” (HD)
Fashion Police (HD) (14)
. Pride & Prejudice (2005). Keira Knightley, Matthew MacFadyen. (PG) The Soup (HD) Keeping Up With the Kardashians Chelsea Lately
. Little Women (1994). Winona Ryder, Claire Danes. (PG) (CC) Superman III (1983). Fun trickling out now. Stay with Two. (PG) (CC) Jesus Christ Superstar (1973). (G) (CC) (11:10)
College Football Alabama vs. Tennessee. (HD) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) SportsCenter
College Football Middle Tennessee State vs. Mississippi State. (HD) College Football College Football Utah vs. Oregon State. (HD)
30 for 30
. Bigger, Stronger, Faster (2008). Documentary. (PG-13) (CC)
. Bigger, Stronger, Faster (2008). Documentary. (PG-13) (CC) 30 for 30
Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Iron Chef America (HD) Diners, Drive
Everybody’s Fine (2009). Robert De Niro, Drew Barrymore. Troubled family reconnects. Nauseatingly sentimental. (PG-13) (CC)
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008). Brad Pitt, Cate Blanchett. Man ages backward while woman he loves grows older. Lush hothouse bloom. (PG-13) (CC)
FXM Presents (CC) (MA) (12:13)
Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD)
NEWS (HD) The Journal Edi-
torial Report
FOX News Watch (HD)
Justice With Judge Jeanine
Women’s Soccer Friendly: U.S. National Team vs. Germany.Being: Liverpool (HD) Fox Soccer News (HD) English Premier League Soccer
Top 100 Hip Hop Hits Top 100 Hip Hop Hits Top 100 Hip Hop Hits Top 100 Hip Hop Hits Top 100 Hip Hop Hits Top Hip Hop
The Karate Kid (2010). Jaden Smith, Jackie Chan. (PG) (HD) (5)
Grown Ups (2010). Adam Sandler, Kevin James. Five childish men relive their childhoods. It doesn’t get worse than this. (PG-13) (HD)
● Easy A (2010). Emma Stone, Penn Badgley. Girl turns bad reputation to her advantage. Stone is irresistible. (PG-13) (HD)
BrandX With Russell Brand
Md Max-Thndr The Road Warrior (1981). Mel Gibson, Bruce Spence. (R) (HD)
. Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985). Mel Gibson, Tina Turner. (PG-13) (HD) The Specialist
Golf Central (HD) L.P.G.A. Tour Golf KEB HanaBank Championship, second round.P.G.A. Tour Golf McGladrey Classic, third round. From Sea Island, Ga. (HD)
Minute to Win It (CC) (HD) (PG) Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed
A Crush on You (2011, TVF). Man e-flirts with wrong woman. (CC) (HD) I Married Who? (2012, TVF). Kellie Martin, Ethan Erickson. (CC) (HD) I Married Who? (2012, TVF). Kellie Martin. (CC) (HD)
House Hunters Renovation (HD) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) Love It or List It “Pinnock.” (HD) House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Love It or List It
Cajun Pawn Stars (CC) (HD)
Cajun Pawn Stars (CC) (HD)
Pawn Stars “Out of Gas.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
The Men Who Built America “A New War Begins.” The U.S. rebuilds after the Civil War. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:02)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:32)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
Body-Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Body-Evidence Evidence Investigators
Nightmare Next Door “Writing on the Wall.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Deadly Affairs “Killer Ambition.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Dates From Hell (CC) (HD) (14)
Open Water 2: Adrift (2006). Six friends afloat in the ocean. (R) (6)
Creepshow (1982). Hal Holbrook, Adrienne Barbeau. Five separate horror stories. Comic-
book tacky with some good-natured antics. (R)
Teeth (2007). Jess Weixler, John Hensley. Chaste girl has teeth where teeth shouldn’t be. Clever and crude. (R) (HD)
My Nanny’s Secret (2009, TVF). Hay-
lie Duff, Jessica Steen. (CC) (HD) (6)
A Nanny’s Revenge (2012, TVF). Jodi Lyn O’Keefe, Victoria Pratt. Woman hatches plan to punish wealthy contractor. (CC) (HD)
The Wife He Met Online (2012, TVF). Cameron Mathison, Barbara Niven. Man marries seemingly perfect woman. (CC) (HD)
A Nanny’s Re-
venge (CC) (HD)
Reviving Ophelia (2010, TVF). Jane Kaczmarek, Kim Dickens. (CC) (HD) (6)
Fab Five: The Texas Cheerleader Scandal (2008, TVF). Jenna Dewan, Ash-
ley Benson. Schoolteacher clashes with five unruly cheerleaders. (CC) (HD)
My Life Is a Lifetime Movie (CC) (HD) (14)
Beyond the Headlines: The Car-
lina White Story (CC) (HD) (PG)
Fab Five: Texas Cheerleader
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Teen Mom “Homecoming.” Amber and Gary work on issues. (CC) (PG)
> Nip/Tuck “Budi Sabri.” Sean and Teddy’s relationship. (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Allegra Caldarello.” (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Giselle Blaylock and Legend Chandler.” (CC) (MA)
Kathy Griffin: Straight to Hell On stage at the Chicago Theatre. (CC)
Comedy Central Presents (CC)
. Sergeant York (1941). (CC) (5) Missing in Action (1984). Chuck Norris. (R) Infamous Missing in Action (1984). Chuck Norris. (R)
M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights. (5) M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight: League Champ.M.L.B. Tonight
Knick: Anthony N.B.A. Preseason Basketball Boston Celtics vs. New York Knicks. (HD) Knicks Post.Stoudemire Knick: Anthony Knicks in 60
M.L.S. Sporting Kansas City vs. New York Red Bulls. (HD) Red Bulls Post Belmont Park 30 M.L.S. Sporting Kansas City vs. New York Red Bulls.Being: Liverpool
Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (N) (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (HD)
Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Pranked (14) Pranked (14) Pranked (14) Pranked (14) Pranked (14) Pranked (14) Pranked “Jail.” Pranked (14) Money Strang.
Post Game M.L.S. Philadelphia Union vs. Houston Dynamo. (HD) N.F.L. Turning Point Action Sports (CC)
Drugs, Inc. “Meth.” (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Doomsday Preppers Bugged Out Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska-Trooper
SpongeBob SpongeBob iCarly (N) (CC) Victorious (N) (G) Big Time Rush How to Rock (N) See Dad Run
> The Nanny
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (14)
> Friends (PG)
Fresh Beat Go, Diego, Go!Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Mom Friends Mom Friends Mom Friends Mom Friends Mom Friends
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS Budd Mishkin New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
Clint Eastwood: Steel Gaze (CC) Wyatt Earp (1994). Kevin Costner, Dennis Quaid. Dark, deadly Dodge City. Slowest plot in the West. (PG-13) (HD) Song by Song
Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (N) (HD) Iyanla, Fix My Life (N) (HD) (PG) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Fix My Life
Enough (2002). (PG-13) (CC) (6) Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez, Jane Fonda. (PG-13) (CC) Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez, Jane Fonda. (PG-13) (CC) Enough (2002).
An Idiot Abroad: The Bucket List An Idiot Abroad: The Bucket List An Idiot Abroad: The Bucket List An Idiot Abroad: The Bucket List An Idiot Abroad: The Bucket List An Idiot Abroad
Big Cats of the Savannah (HD) Aerial America “Florida.” (HD) Apocalypse The Second World Apocalypse The Second World Aerial America “Florida.” (HD) Apocalypse
Jets Game Plan College Football Rutgers vs. Temple. (CC) (HD) Beer Money (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
SPEED Center My Ride Rules My Ride Rules Nascar Racing Motorcycle Racing Monster Energy Cup: Las Vegas. (HD)
Bar Rescue (HD) Bar Rescue (HD) (PG) Bar Rescue “Murphy’s Mess.” (HD) Bar Rescue “Owner Ousted.” (HD) Bar Rescue “Bottomless Pit.” (HD) Bar Rescue “Weber’s of Lies.” (HD)
Spanglish (2004). (PG-13) (5:30) Giuliana & Bill (HD) (PG) Giuliana & Bill (HD) (PG) Giuliana & Bill (HD) (PG) Tia & Tamera (HD) (PG) Tia & Tamera
The Mortified Sessions (HD)
Iconoclasts (CC) (HD) (14)
. The Good Thief (2002). Nick Nolte. Drug addict pulled into French Ca-
sino art heist. Brazen haven for Nick’s seedy charisma. (R) (CC) (HD)
. The Untouchables (1987). Kevin Costner, Robert De Niro. T-men vs. Capone in 1930’s Chicago. Evocative and great-looking. (R) (CC) (HD)
Public Sex (2009). (CC) (HD)
. Daybreakers (2009). Ethan Hawke, Willem Dafoe. Vampire works on blood substitute as humans grow scarce. Impressively styled. (R) (CC) (HD)
Underworld: Rise of the Lycans (2009). Michael Sheen, Bill Nighy. Lucian leads the Lycans against Viktor, the king of the vampires. (R) (CC) (HD)
. Stake Land (2010). Nick Damici. Vampire hunter and protégé seek haven. Unusually taut. (R) (CC) (HD)
The King of Queens (HD)
The King of Queens (HD)
> The Big Bang Theory
> The Big Bang Theory
300 (2007). Gerard Butler, Lena Headey. Outnumbered Spartan warriors battle the Persian army. Muscle-bound, grunting self-seriousness. (R) (CC) (HD)
Con Air (1997). Nicolas Cage, John Cusack. (R) (CC) (HD)
. The Prisoner of Zenda (1952). Stewart Granger. (CC) (6:15)
. Camille (1936). Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor. Dumas’s doomed Paris courtesan. Garbo never greater. (CC)
. Gigi (1958). Leslie Caron, Maurice Chevalier. Thank heaven for Lerner, Loewe, Colette and Paris. (G) (CC)
. Madame Du Barry (1934). (CC)
Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real
● Hitch (2005). Will Smith, Eva Mendes. Smooth-talking New Yorker teaches other men how to attract women. Soft and sweet. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Hitch (2005). Will Smith, Eva Mendes. Smooth-talking New Yorker teaches other men how to attract women. Soft and sweet. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Our Family Wed-
ding (2010). (HD)
Legends Of Alaska (N) (CC) (HD) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
Wipeout “Feed Jill.” (CC) (PG) Wipeout “Couples.” (CC) (PG) Wipeout (CC) (PG) Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Most Shocking
Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
Couples Retreat (2009). Vince Vaughn. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:30)
Eat Pray Love (2010). Julia Roberts, James Franco. Divorcée travels globe to change life. Sumptuous and leisurely. (CC) (HD)
Mr. Deeds (2002). Small-town pizzeria owner inherits $40 billion. Shambles of a comedy remake. (CC) (HD)
The Lost Boys (1987). Jason Patric, Kiefer Sutherland. (R) (CC) I’m Married to A. (HD) (14) Rehab With Dr. Drew (14) Love & Hip Hop “Reality Check.” T.I. and Tiny
My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled (G)
My- Wedding With David Tutera- David, Divas and Disasters
My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled (G)
To be announced
CenterStage Running (HD) SportsMoney Nets 2012: Hello Brooklyn Wild Spirits Boxing 30 CenterStage Football
9 P.M. (Starz) CARNAGE (2011) A meeting
between two sets of parents, played by Jodie
Foster, John C. Reilly, and, above, Kate Winslet
and Christoph Waltz, to discuss a playground
scuffle between their sons,degenerates into a
vitriolic verbal sparring match in this
adaptation of Yasmina Reza’s play, directed by
Roman Polanski. “The spectator, gliding and
feinting around the edges of the room with Mr.
Polanski’s nimble camera, anticipates violence
and perhaps hopes for it to erupt,” A.O. Scott
wrote in his review in The New York Times. “All
of the actors conduct themselves skillfully —
hitting their marks and tearing through the
sometimes awkward idioms of a translated
script — without being entirely convincing.” 11 A.M. (USA) JUNO(2007) A pregnant
teenager (Ellen Page) goes in search of Mr. and
Mrs. Right (Jason Bateman and Jennifer
Garner) after deciding to put up her unborn
child for adoption in this comedy directed by
Jason Reitman. J.K. Simmons and Allison
Janney play Juno’s father and stepmother;
Michael Cera is Paulie, the friend who had
unprotected sex with Juno. Diablo Cody, who
wrote this coming-of-age tale, won an Oscar for
best screenplay. “The film outgrows its own
mannerisms and defenses,” A.O. Scott wrote in
The Times, “evolving from a coy, knowing farce
into a heartfelt, serious comedy.”
7 P.M. (TNT) HITCH (2005) Close your eyes and
pucker up. Will Smith,below,plays Alex
Hitchens, a smooth-talking New York love
doctor who teaches social
misfits how to get their way
with women who are better
looking than they are — until,
of course, he finds one (Eva
Mendes) immune to his
techniques. Kevin James is the
chubby accountant who hires
Hitch to help him get a
beautiful heiress (Amber
Valletta) to look his way, and who gets a
man-to-man lesson in the art of seduction in the
9 P.M. (A&E) PARKING WARS DeAndre, a
ticketing employee of the Municipal Parking
Department in Detroit,who goes by the name
Ponytail, is confronted by an angry parking
violator who refuses to admit to any
wrongdoing. At 9:30 Hawk, the owner of a
private towing business in Trenton, gives his
son some on-the-job training.
9 P.M. (BBC America) BEDLAMEllie (Lacey
Turner) continues to see ghosts lurking around
Brightmoor,accompanied by visions of how
they met their demise. In this episode a wedding
is haunted by the spirit of a former bride. 10 P.M. (FX) EASY A(2010) Emma Stone plays
Olive, a good girl who pretends to be bad to raise
her social standing in high school, as well as that
of some persecuted class virgins, in this satire
directed by Will Gluck. But when her faked
promiscuity generates an unexpected chain
reaction, she sews a capital A on her clothes and
parades around the school in suggestive outfits.
Amanda Bynes is the leader of the Christian
club, who denounces Olive as a slut. Penn
Badgley is Olive’s prince-in-waiting. “Whatever
else it accomplishes, the sassy high school
comedy ‘Easy A’ commands attention for the
irresistible presence” of Ms. Stone, Stephen
Holden wrote in The Times.
11:30 P.M. (21) AUSTIN CITY LIMITS Bonnie
Raitt presents songs from her latest album,
“Slipstream,” released this year, and the blues
singer Mavis Staples performs tracks from her
2010 album,“You Are Not Alone,” which
received a Grammy Award for best Americana
album in 2011.
musician Bruno Mars will pull double duty as
the host and the musical guest. 11:30 P.M. (Comedy Central) OFFICE SPACE
(1999) In this grim yet comedic portrait of the
’90s workplace,written and directed by Mike
Judge, Ron Livingston is Peter Gibbons (below
right, with Gary Cole), a computer programmer
at a pre-bubble tech
company where
seemingly prides
itself on
employees and
cutting costs. Fed
up, Peter concocts a
plan with two of his
cubicle colleagues to use a computer virus to
steal company funds out from under their
memo-serving overlords. Jennifer Aniston plays
a waitress and the object of Peter’s affection.
“Anyone who has endured work as a low-level
cog in a corporate machine should appreciate
the acute frustrations of the eager young
beavers who rebel against the system in Mike
Judge’s moderately savvy satire,” Stephen
Holden wrote in The Times. He added that the
movie “distills the pettiness of office life in its
sneakily savage portrait of a quintessential
middle-management boss named Bill
two ways at once — the lower body is
forward, while the torso plunges back —
but this self-contradictory mood is jubi-
lant, unconflicted. A second-movement pas de deux for
Ms. Semionova and Mr. Gomes brings
calm; the tone is trusting, loving, quietly
lyrical. They too are joined, though later,
by four men and four women.But when
Herman Cornejo arrives,the ballet’s
structure veers in other directions. His
role keeps it perpetually unresolved un-
til the final curtain. What contribution does this late arriv-
al make? Mr. Cornejo here is part of the
same world, and yet he has no retinue
and partner. He is maybe the genius of
the place, the force of history. The impe-
tus and fervor of Mr. Cornejo’s dancing
are superb,and his personal beauty has
never been better displayed. In the third
movement he pounces gloriously,only
then to hover on one leg in a luminously
sculptural attitude. The ballet ends with
him alone, spinning like a tornado. This
marvelous artist, rightly, has the final
bow. On further viewings it will be fascinat-
ing to analyze how the changes of
thread in Shostakovich’s score have
prompted aspects of Mr. Cornejo’s im-
personal but thrilling role. Shostako-
vich’s third, fourth and fifth movements
run together; their moods, both onstage
and in the score, include the symphony’s
most ominous as well as the most viva-
cious parts. Mr. Cornejo personifies
their force. But the others, especially
Mr. Gomes, carry the ballet’s more hu-
man and mortal feelings. At the end of the second movement,
accompanied by a solo piccolo, Ms.
Semionova and Mr. Gomes lie down,as
if to sleep, and yet the timing is amus-
ing. They descend to the floor in abrupt
sections, bit by bit. And no sooner do
they lie there than Mr. Gomes raises a
finger: he’s signaling, “Wait.” In the
third movement Mr. Gomes waits on the
floor at the back of the stage, then slow-
ly rises. It seems to take ages for his tor-
so and eventually his head to become
upright; he is apparently coping with an
immense internal burden. Like Ms.
Semionova’s early “hush” gesture, these
dramatic images haunt the ballet with-
out ever being explained. In Jennifer Tipton’s lighting the back-
drop changes from dark to bright and
back again. Keso Dekker’s patterned
costumes are predominantly black and
There will be much more to say of this
ballet, which returns to New York as
part of Mr. Ratmansky’s all-Shostako-
vich, all-symphonic trilogy during
American Ballet Theater’s spring sea-
son at the Metropolitan Opera House.
This will be an unprecedented choreo-
graphic undertaking, which Mr. Rat-
mansky considers as a single work. The configurations for the corps de
ballet are full of individualizing strokes
as well as remarkable numerical and
geometric shifts. Here we see three of
them, here six, here seven. At one point
we see a Semionova-Gomes scene
through a passing colonnade of women
slowly walking across the front of the
stage. The texture of the movement is
often colored by rich transitions; you
feel dancers stretching their way from A
to B.
After this first viewing my applause is
tempered by three reservations. Though
Mr. Salstein dances admirably, his need
to communicate with knowing facial ex-
pressions — in a role that starts the
work — misleads the audience into
thinking that he holds the key to the bal-
let. Ms. Semionova, though glowingly
lovely, seems to dance only with Mr.
Gomes’s assistance, whereas he, gor-
geously, often slips in sumptuous steps
in between partnering in their pas de
deux. And there are too many instances of
women carried with snug fondness
across their men’s chests, joining their
arms around their partners’ necks. On
Thursday this fond neck hanging was all
too reminiscent of the evening’s previ-
ous ballet, Antony Tudor’s “Leaves Are
Fading,” which, a friend remarked, may
be the most boring (but by no means the
worst) ballet ever made by a great chor-
eographer. The program ended with
“Rodeo.” Ballet Theater’s season, crammed
with repertory and cast changes, ends
on Saturday. I look forward to reporting
From left, Joseph Phillips, Eric Tamm and Arron Scott with fellow members of American Ballet Theater in “Symphony #9,” choreographed to music by Dmitri Shostakovich.
Swirls and Shifts in a Kaleidoscope, Colored by a Whiff of Mystery From First Arts Page
The Ballet Theater season ends on Satur-
day at City Center, 131 West 55th Street,
Manhattan; (212) 362-6000, Davis, an animator who created Cruella
De Vil from “101 Dalmations” and Cin-
derella, designed the characters.
Disney died in 1966,and the resort
was shelved, but the jamboree joined
the lineup at Walt Disney World here.
The banjo-playing bears with James
Carville accents were such a smash
that Disney installed them in its Califor-
nia park a year later.
But by the late 1980s, the bears, ex-
pensive to maintain, looked as if they
had played one music hall too many.
And the crowds had thinned, drawn in-
stead to new shows like “Captain EO,” a
3-D short film starring Michael Jackson
and his sidekick, Fuzzball. “Country
Bear Jamboree” closed in California in
2001. A movie based on the characters,
“The Country Bears,” flopped in 2002.
The Orlando show powered on but did
not pull its weight; at the peak of the
summer season, you could often walk
right in.
It was starting to become a museum
exhibit, a dreaded situation for Disney.
Mr. Vaughn said his team considered
a series of questions. How could they
make the show relevant to modern
kids? How could new technology be in-
troduced to make it better? Are there
ways to integrate new Disney or Pixar
characters into the show? But Disney has learned the hard way
that change can enrage fans. When the
company tried in 1998 to update the
“Enchanted Tiki Room,” a 1960s-era re-
vue starring singing flowers and robot
birds, fans greeted the changes with
venom. “The Enchanted Tiki Room:
Under New Management” — featuring
Iago from “Aladdin,” voiced by Gilbert
Gottfried — was abandoned last year,
and Disney reinstalled the original.
(“Occasionally, you’re going to get a
miss,” Mr. Vaughn said.)
Disney has successfully updated
some attractions, like Pirates of the Ca-
ribbean, the Spanish Main ride that
spawned the movie series, but when
fans caught wind that changes were
afoot at “Country Bear Jamboree,” the
blogosphere lit up. “Keep those bears
the same, dag nabbit!” one fan wrote
on the site
On Wednesday the company un-
veiled the new show. Exhale: Disney
has a sense of humor too. “Buford” re-
mains, as do Trixie and Liver Lips
McGrowl, who sings “My Woman Ain’t
Pretty (But She Don’t Swear None.)”
The Sun Bonnet triplets — Bunny, Bub-
bles and Beulah — still perform “All the
Guys That Turn Me On Turn Me
Down.” No new characters were added, not
the giant demon bear from “Brave” or
Justin Beaver or reality TV’s Honey
Boo Boo, as some fans worried.
Mr. Vaughn’s main change was
length. The revue is now 11 minutes in-
stead of 16, accomplished by removing
two numbers — “Fractured Folk Song”
and “Pretty Little Devilish Mary” —
and some banter from the peanut gal-
lery: mounted animatronic buffalo,
moose and deer heads that serve as
this show’s version of Statler and Wal-
dorf. (Gone are their fat jokes, for in-
stance: “That’s a mighty big song, Trix-
ie!” Response: “That sure ain’t all
that’s big.”)
The faster pace, Mr. Vaughn said, re-
flects the speedier way that people
speak today and the rise of interactive
media. It’s not necessarily that atten-
tion spans are shorter, he said, it’s that
kids raised on video games are not as
accustomed to more passive entertain-
ment experiences.
There are new costumes, props,
lighting, stage curtains and sound sys-
tems; modernized backstage controls
give Disney the ability to add seasonal
changes easily. Fresh animatronics
give the bears “an increased sense of
aliveness,” Mr. Vaughn said.
How is it going over? For some fans, the changes may take
some getting used to. Tom Bricker,
writing on Twitter, complained, “The
wittiest attraction at Walt Disney World
dumbed down.” Pixiedustmaker, a com-
menter on, where the
Country Bears discussion ran to 34
pages on Friday, declared it “garbage.”
But Disney also got applause for
keeping some of the cheekier numbers,
and many comments were quite posi-
Touring Plans, a company that pub-
lishes unofficial guides to Walt Disney
World, live tweeted from the first per-
formance of the new show. While it
“feels very abrupt,” Touring Plans also
said in one Twitter post that it liked the
“really great new sparkly hat and para-
sol” on Teddi Barra, who performs on a
“It did not feel butchered at all,”
Aladdin2007 wrote on,
while a visitor to that site commented:
“I can’t say I’m angry about it. It’s nice
to see the bears looking in such good
The visitor wasn’t so sure about
some of the new coifs, though, writing,
“Liver Lips’ hair does look weird.” DISNEY ENTERPRISES
The show,with 24 bears, which closed for refurbishing in August after a run from 1971, has devoted fans.
Disney Bears
From First Arts Page
long as I’m still in the game I want to
play,” was inspiring. The program was a slightly augment-
ed version of the cabaret show Ms. Cook
brought to Feinstein’s at Loews Regen-
cy last April, in which she sang 11 new
songs, none by Stephen Sondheim,
whose music has preoccupied her in re-
cent years. As Ms. Cook’s voice has low-
ered and darkened, its innate expres-
siveness has intensified, erasing the last
vestiges of the ingénue she used to be.
Unless you’re a fetishist for the high
notes she used to toss off singing “Glit-
ter and Be Gay,” that’s all to the good. Ms. Cook, whose actual birthday is
Oct. 25, talked movingly about her ac-
companists, including Wally Harper,
her musical director for more three dec-
ades,who died eight years ago after
steering her toward swing. The jazz pi-
anists Lee Musiker and Ted Rosenthal,
who succeeded him and continued the
process, were both present.
Like Barbra Streisand in her recent
concerts at Barclays Center in Brook-
lyn, Ms. Cook has reached the point in
her career where she has nothing left to
prove. For most of the evening she was
supremely relaxed, and amusing anec-
dotes poured out of her. The final part of the night was a trib-
ute with special guests. John Pizzarelli
and Jessica Molaskey sang a Vincent
Youmans medley. Sheldon Harnick
sang a cleverly rewritten version of
“She Loves Me,” and Josh Groban per-
formed a beautiful, unadorned rendition
of the concert’s only Sondheim number,
“Not While I’m Around.”
The choicest words came from the so-
prano Susan Graham, who sang “Till
There Was You,” from “The Music Man”
and praised Ms. Cook for her “unfailing
honesty.” An early recording of Ms.
Cook that she heard as a child in New
Mexico, Ms. Grahamrecalled,was the
first time she had ever heard a beautiful
voice. “I wanted to be you when I was
growing up,” she said. “And I still do.”
In her showBarbara Cook, whose actual birthday is on Thursday, also spoke
of her accompanists, offered anecdotes and was joined by special guests.
Still in the Game, and Still So Passionate to Play
From First Arts Page
Barbara Cook celebrates
her 85th birthday.
High High
Past peak
Near peak
Some color
Still green
New York
St. Paul
New York
Baton Rouge
Sioux Falls
an Francisco
Los Angeles
an Diego
Salt Lak
Santa Fe
El Paso
. W
Oklahoma City
an Antonio
Corpus Christi
es M
St. Louis
The Orionid meteor shower will peak tonight, when about 25 meteors an hour will streak across the sky as the Earth passes through debris from Halley's Comet. Where weather cooperates, skygazers should look to the southeast.
Highlight: Viewing Conditions for Meteor Shower
high 83°
high 63°
low 49°
low 30°
7 a.m.
4 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
.............. –0.0°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +2.8°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 76%Yesterday
............. 72%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.89Yesterday
.................... 4.35Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 4.19Actual
.................... 4.39Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 40.61Actual
.................. 49.92Normal
Air pressure Humidity
Heating Degree Days
........... 29.95 1 a.m.High
............ 29.75 4 p.m.Low
........... 100% 7 a.m.High
.............. 83% 1 a.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature fell below 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
are with those of the last 30 y
..................................................................... 2Yesterday
...................................................... 132So far this month
.............................. 154So far this season (since July 1)
................................. 175Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Below Above
Below Above
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
National Forecast
First Quarter Full Last Quarter New
Oct. 21 Oct. 29 Nov. 6 Nov. 13
Northeast Foliage
3:49 p.m. 5:07 p.m.
7:13 a.m.
6:08 p.m.
7:14 a.m.
11:23 a.m.
8:34 p.m.
7:32 a.m.
6:28 p.m.
12:48 p.m.
10:50 p.m.
1:33 p.m.
10:51 a.m.
8:07 p.m.
4:05 a.m.
4:45 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
69/ 49 PC 64/ 49 S
Bridgeport 68/ 62 0.80 70/ 48 PC 63/ 48 S
Caldwell 68/ 59 1.15 66/ 42 PC 64/ 42 S
Danbury 65/ 57 1.56 67/ 41 PC 62/ 41 S
Islip 66/ 61 0.75 68/ 47 PC 62/ 48 S
Newark 68/ 64 0.91 68/ 48 PC 64/ 48 S
Trenton 71/ 62 1.16 66/ 44 F 63/ 44 S
White Plains 65/ 59 1.46 66/ 45 PC 62/ 45 S
Albany 65/ 56 2.01 66/ 43 C 60/ 45 C
Albuquerque 74/ 47 0 76/ 52 S 76/ 48 PC
Anchorage 34/ 23 0 35/ 21 S 34/ 19 S
Atlanta 72/ 47 0 68/ 48 S 72/ 53 S
Atlantic City 72/ 58 0.11 68/ 51 S 64/ 49 S
Austin 83/ 51 0 85/ 70 PC 89/ 71 PC
Baltimore 74/ 50 0.07 68/ 45 F 66/ 44 S
Baton Rouge 80/ 45 0 82/ 54 S 86/ 60 PC
Birmingham 71/ 45 0 68/ 47 S 77/ 52 S
Boise 70/ 53 Tr 62/ 37 PC 55/ 37 PC
Boston 65/ 61 0.02 73/ 50 Sh 62/ 49 S
Buffalo 65/ 46 0 56/ 46 Sh 59/ 47 PC
Burlington 63/ 57 0.94 60/ 45 C 58/ 43 C
Casper 67/ 37 0 69/ 33 PC 58/ 31 PC
Charlotte 72/ 42 0 68/ 42 S 68/ 44 S
Chattanooga 70/ 42 0 66/ 42 S 72/ 47 S
Chicago 52/ 42 0.06 58/ 42 PC 66/ 53 PC
Cincinnati 56/ 42 0.06 56/ 39 PC 66/ 50 PC
Cleveland 61/ 43 Tr 56/ 43 Sh 60/ 47 PC
Colorado Springs 71/ 43 0 76/ 45 S 73/ 40 PC
Columbus 59/ 43 0.07 56/ 42 C 63/ 48 PC
Concord, N.H. 62/ 55 0.20 72/ 40 Sh 62/ 41 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 79/ 57 0 86/ 69 S 86/ 71 PC
Denver 75/ 46 0.01 79/ 46 S 68/ 37 PC
Des Moines 50/ 39 0.07 62/ 45 S 76/ 61 PC
Detroit 57/ 43 0.02 56/ 42 C 62/ 46 PC
El Paso 83/ 59 0 88/ 63 PC 84/ 58 PC
Fargo 46/ 38 0.10 60/ 46 PC 60/ 41 C
Hartford 66/ 56 0.87 70/ 43 PC 63/ 44 S
Honolulu 86/ 73 0 85/ 73 S 85/ 73 S
Houston 83/ 53 0 85/ 67 PC 86/ 70 PC
Indianapolis 49/ 42 0.18 58/ 42 PC 68/ 53 PC
Jackson 74/ 44 0 77/ 48 S 82/ 56 S
Jacksonville 82/ 52 0 79/ 50 S 77/ 56 S
Kansas City 55/ 38 0.02 68/ 51 S 76/ 64 PC
Key West 89/ 75 0.19 86/ 76 PC 84/ 75 PC
Las Vegas 85/ 64 0 84/ 65 S 81/ 63 S
Lexington 59/ 42 0.14 56/ 41 PC 67/ 52 S
Little Rock 69/ 44 0 77/ 52 S 81/ 60 PC
Los Angeles 79/ 64 0 73/ 62 PC 71/ 60 Sh
Louisville 57/ 45 0.07 60/ 44 PC 71/ 55 PC
Memphis 67/ 47 0 72/ 53 S 79/ 62 PC
Miami 87/ 73 0.11 87/ 72 PC 84/ 73 PC
Milwaukee 49/ 44 0.05 54/ 42 PC 60/ 50 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 53/ 38 0.22 58/ 45 PC 67/ 49 PC
Nashville 66/ 43 0 64/ 43 PC 75/ 54 S
New Orleans 80/ 55 0 79/ 59 S 84/ 65 S
Norfolk 77/ 55 0 70/ 52 S 66/ 48 S
Oklahoma City 70/ 49 0 82/ 62 S 85/ 67 PC
Omaha 51/ 35 0.05 65/ 45 S 78/ 57 PC
Orlando 87/ 65 0 83/ 58 S 82/ 64 S
Philadelphia 74/ 55 0.37 68/ 49 F 66/ 46 S
Phoenix 92/ 66 0 92/ 70 PC 89/ 66 PC
Pittsburgh 63/ 43 0 54/ 41 Sh 61/ 43 PC
Portland, Me. 63/ 57 0.02 66/ 47 R 61/ 46 C
Portland, Ore. 62/ 49 Tr 56/ 44 Sh 55/ 40 Sh
Providence 68/ 59 0.08 72/ 46 PC 62/ 45 S
Raleigh 78/ 48 0.19 70/ 45 S 70/ 42 S
Reno 80/ 47 0 74/ 41 S 65/ 36 S
Richmond 79/ 49 0.05 68/ 43 F 67/ 45 S
Rochester 63/ 46 0.02 56/ 45 Sh 59/ 46 C
Sacramento 82/ 52 0 78/ 45 S 70/ 47 S
Salt Lake City 71/ 49 0 72/ 48 PC 67/ 47 PC
San Antonio 82/ 60 0 86/ 71 PC 88/ 73 PC
San Diego 75/ 66 0 71/ 65 PC 70/ 59 Sh
San Francisco 71/ 57 0 69/ 53 PC 67/ 52 PC
San Jose 75/ 55 0 73/ 49 PC 69/ 49 S
San Juan 88/ 79 0.42 90/ 77 Sh 89/ 77 S
Seattle 58/ 45 0.14 51/ 40 Sh 49/ 38 Sh
Sioux Falls 47/ 32 0.05 64/ 45 S 70/ 42 PC
Spokane 64/ 42 0.02 52/ 31 W 49/ 31 C
St. Louis 54/ 43 0.05 62/ 48 PC 76/ 61 PC
St. Thomas 86/ 77 0.56 88/ 78 S 88/ 77 S
Syracuse 65/ 47 0.57 58/ 44 Sh 59/ 46 C
Tampa 85/ 69 0 84/ 60 S 83/ 63 S
Toledo 55/ 41 0.08 56/ 40 C 62/ 45 PC
Tucson 89/ 61 0 89/ 61 PC 85/ 58 PC
Tulsa 68/ 45 0 80/ 62 S 80/ 68 PC
Virginia Beach 80/ 57 0 73/ 53 S 66/ 49 S
Washington 75/ 52 0.07 68/ 46 F 68/ 48 S
Wichita 67/ 42 0 78/ 56 S 81/ 63 PC
Wilmington, Del. 74/ 52 0.60 68/ 45 F 64/ 45 S
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 91/ 70 0.04 87/ 60 T 76/ 56 Sh
Cairo 90/ 72 0 89/ 70 S 87/ 70 S
Cape Town 59/ 50 0.47 68/ 57 R 66/ 57 Sh
Dakar 86/ 76 0 87/ 75 T 88/ 76 T
Johannesburg 82/ 59 0 76/ 56 PC 67/ 53 T
Nairobi 82/ 63 0.01 83/ 61 T 79/ 61 T
Tunis 86/ 71 0 87/ 69 C 86/ 69 PC
Baghdad 91/ 77 0 91/ 73 PC 90/ 71 PC
Bangkok 95/ 81 0 94/ 79 S 94/ 78 Sh
Beijing 66/ 39 0 67/ 43 PC 56/ 45 R
Damascus 88/ 55 0 85/ 51 S 83/ 52 PC
Hong Kong 84/ 75 0 82/ 73 S 83/ 74 S
Jakarta 91/ 79 0.37 91/ 76 Sh 91/ 77 Sh
Jerusalem 82/ 66 0 80/ 62 S 78/ 62 C
Karachi 93/ 73 0 93/ 68 S 95/ 71 S
Manila 90/ 79 0 93/ 79 PC 87/ 78 PC
Mumbai 93/ 79 0 95/ 81 PC 95/ 79 PC
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 89/ 65 0 91/ 68 S 93/ 67 PC
Riyadh 95/ 73 0 94/ 70 PC 91/ 69 S
Seoul 68/ 48 0 70/ 52 PC 72/ 55 PC
Shanghai 73/ 54 0 77/ 66 PC 79/ 69 C
Singapore 86/ 75 0.48 88/ 76 Sh 88/ 77 R
Sydney 81/ 61 0 86/ 54 S 82/ 49 Sh
Taipei 79/ 68 0 84/ 70 S 88/ 70 PC
Tehran 68/ 57 0 68/ 55 S 69/ 56 PC
Tokyo 68/ 55 0.49 69/ 60 PC 73/ 61 S
Amsterdam 68/ 55 0.58 63/ 52 PC 61/ 54 PC
Athens 81/ 68 0 81/ 64 S 75/ 64 PC
Berlin 72/ 48 0 68/ 48 S 66/ 46 S
Brussels 70/ 55 0.02 63/ 56 PC 66/ 53 PC
Budapest 68/ 43 0 70/ 46 S 68/ 45 S
Copenhagen 57/ 54 0 62/ 55 PC 58/ 48 S
Dublin 54/ 39 0 55/ 46 PC 57/ 48 PC
Edinburgh 50/ 46 0.60 54/ 39 PC 54/ 43 PC
Frankfurt 68/ 50 0 70/ 52 S 69/ 53 S
Geneva 66/ 45 0 70/ 51 S 76/ 54 PC
Helsinki 57/ 52 0.14 48/ 43 C 48/ 37 R
Istanbul 75/ 64 0 69/ 60 PC 72/ 66 PC
Kiev 59/ 49 0 61/ 46 S 61/ 41 PC
Lisbon 61/ 50 0.01 68/ 55 S 66/ 63 R
London 55/ 52 0.54 59/ 48 C 57/ 54 C
Madrid 64/ 54 0.20 64/ 52 C 59/ 46 R
Moscow 54/ 43 Tr 56/ 46 PC 54/ 43 R
Nice 73/ 59 0 75/ 66 Sh 76/ 65 Sh
Oslo 50/ 43 0 45/ 37 R 46/ 36 R
Paris 64/ 57 0 67/ 59 PC 70/ 59 PC
Prague 55/ 45 0 57/ 43 PC 61/ 45 PC
Rome 79/ 54 0 75/ 55 PC 75/ 57 S
St. Petersburg 58/ 46 0.29 54/ 42 C 46/ 35 R
Stockholm 55/ 54 0.20 52/ 50 R 54/ 41 Sh
Vienna 61/ 43 0 64/ 46 S 66/ 46 S
Warsaw 64/ 43 0 61/ 43 S 61/ 46 S
Acapulco 90/ 77 0.05 91/ 76 T 90/ 75 T
Bermuda 79/ 75 0.02 81/ 75 Sh 80/ 73 T
Edmonton 45/ 34 0.03 36/ 23 Sh 34/ 23 PC
Guadalajara 82/ 62 0.05 83/ 59 T 84/ 58 T
Havana 86/ 72 0 87/ 69 Sh 88/ 71 S
Kingston 90/ 81 0 89/ 79 T 88/ 78 R
Martinique 88/ 75 0.03 89/ 73 R 88/ 73 R
Mexico City 79/ 57 0 79/ 50 T 79/ 47 PC
Monterrey 78/ 72 0.14 88/ 68 PC 90/ 68 S
Montreal 55/ 52 0.43 60/ 51 Sh 54/ 46 C
Nassau 86/ 75 0.21 87/ 76 PC 87/ 76 PC
Panama City 84/ 75 0.22 86/ 74 R 87/ 72 T
Quebec City 50/ 41 0.14 58/ 42 Sh 52/ 42 Sh
Santo Domingo 90/ 72 0.08 89/ 72 R 88/ 72 Sh
Toronto 57/ 46 0 54/ 46 Sh 58/ 44 PC
Vancouver 55/ 52 0.08 49/ 41 Sh 49/ 41 Sh
Winnipeg 45/ 39 0.01 52/ 40 PC 51/ 33 C
Buenos Aires 73/ 55 0.23 77/ 63 PC 73/ 61 Sh
Caracas 91/ 77 0.09 92/ 77 T 92/ 77 T
Lima 67/ 59 0 67/ 60 PC 69/ 60 C
Quito 68/ 45 0 66/ 50 C 67/ 49 Sh
Recife 82/ 77 0 84/ 77 Sh 84/ 76 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 77/ 69 0.02 85/ 73 T 89/ 75 T
Santiago 63/ 45 Tr 66/ 50 PC 59/ 50 Sh
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Wind will be mostly from the west at 7-14 knots. Waves will be 3-5 feet on the ocean and 1-2 feet on Long Island Sound and New York Harbor. Visibility reduced in morning fog, then improving.
Atlantic City ................. 11:57 a.m. .......................... ---
Barnegat Inlet ............. 12:13 p.m. .......................... ---
The Battery .................. 12:28 a.m. ............ 12:52 p.m.
Beach Haven ................. 1:16 a.m. .............. 1:43 p.m.
Bridgeport ..................... 3:26 a.m. .............. 3:48 p.m.
City Island ...................... 3:23 a.m. .............. 3:40 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ............... 12:44 a.m. .............. 1:11 p.m.
Montauk Point .............. 12:55 a.m. .............. 1:27 p.m.
Northport ....................... 3:21 a.m. .............. 3:43 p.m.
Port Washington ............ 3:09 a.m. .............. 3:26 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................ 12:25 p.m. .......................... ---
Shinnecock Inlet .......... 11:46 a.m. .......................... ---
Stamford ........................ 3:29 a.m. .............. 3:51 p.m.
Tarrytown ....................... 2:17 a.m. .............. 2:41 p.m.
Willets Point ................... 3:20 a.m. .............. 3:37 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 65/ 61 0.89
Metropolitan Forecast
...........................Partly sunny, breezy
High 69. The recent cold front will move to
the east, and a flow of dry air from the
west will follow. The result will be a mostly
dry and mild day throughout the region,
with periodic sunshine and moderate
....................................Partly cloudy
Low 49. The air will turn cooler as the front
moves farther away. The night will be part-
ly cloudy, and there will be light to gentle
breezes from the west.
.................Mostly sunny, breezy
High 64. A west to northwest flow of air
will result in a cooler day throughout the
region. It will remain dry, with sunshine
and a few clouds, along with moderate
.............................Sunshine, milder
A large area of high pressure will move
into the region, bringing an abundance of
sunshine, with light to gentle breezes. The
afternoon will be slightly milder.
................Sunshine and clouds
A warmer weather pattern will set up as
high pressure settles off the Middle Atlan-
tic Coast. There will be sunshine and a few
clouds, with highs of 70 degrees on both
Western and northern areas will be rather
cloudy and chilly, with a few showers. Far-
ther south and east, the weather will be
mostly dry and mild, with occasional sun-
shine after periods of morning fog. Clouds
and showers will persist tomorrow in west-
ern and northern New York and northern
New England.
A weakened storm system moving
through southern Canada will bring chilly
rain from the eastern Great Lakes through
western New England today. Rain will con-
tinue to fall across parts of Maine and
Newfoundland, while drier conditions
move into the upper Midwest.
High pressure on the southern side of
this storm will lead to dry and pleasant
conditions from the Gulf Coast through
much of the Plains. Dry weather will also
remain in place over the Desert South-
west, while clouds and showers affect the
Northwest and the northern Rockies.
High-elevation snow will also fall in the
Washington Cascades, mostly above
3,000 feet. Travelers heading through the
mountain passes in the Cascades may ex-
perience detours and delays.
MINNEAPOLIS — It was a Saturday night in
early October, and the temperature was be-
low freezing. A half-hour before team cur-
few, Chris Kluwe, the Minnesota Vikings’
punter and an unlikely voice of the national
debate on same-sex marriage, was polishing
off a family-size box of Gobstopper candy, re-
luctant to leave band practice.
Earlier, while driving to rehearsal at a wasp-
infested warehouse in a dicey north Minneapolis
neighborhood, Kluwe said, “Football is what I do
for a living, but it’s not even remotely who I am.” Despite the unseasonably frigid air, he wore a
World of Warcraft baseball cap backward, a Nice
Vibe T-shirt, low-slung jeans and sandals. “I only wear shoes when it’s absolutely neces-
sary,” said Kluwe, who grew up in California. “Oth-
erwise, it’s sandals or, when I’m forced to, boots.”
Kluwe might look to some like an undercover
cop trying to pass as a college student. He fits right
in. His bandmates in Tripping Icarus — an energet-
ic four-piece rock group that Kluwe was enlisted to
join mainly because of his prowess on the video
game Guitar Hero (true story) — ended the session
with a typical flurry of insults. They seized on
Kluwe’s recent shirtless photos in a magazine and
his decidedly uneven singing voice. A scruffy-
haired 30-year-old, he took it in stride and grinned,
his mouth filled with sugar. When he is under assault, Kluwe is clearly in
his element.
In late August, the Maryland state delegate
Emmett C. Burns Jr. wrote to the Baltimore Rav-
ens’ owner, Steve Bisciotti, urging him to silence
linebacker Brendon Ayanbadejo. Ayanbadejo had
been supporting the state’s Civil Marriage Protec-
tion Act, which will allow gay couples to obtain a
civil marriage license beginning Jan. 1 if it passes a
Nov. 6 referendum. Burns asked Bisciotti to “inhibit
such expressions from your employee and that he
be ordered to cease and desist such injurious ac-
“I know of no other N.F.L. player who has done
what Mr. Ayambadejo is doing,” Burns wrote, mis-
spelling Ayanbadejo’s surname.
Nine days later, at 11:30 p.m. in the master bed-
room of the modest Savage, Minn., home that
Kluwe shares with his wife, Isabel, and daughters,
Olivia, 4, and Remy, 2, Kluwe came across Burns’s
dispatch while surfing the Web.
“So I’m lying in bed, and I keep thinking over
and over about this letter, and I’m like, ‘I can’t fall
asleep,’” he recalled. “I have to write something.” So he pulled off the covers, turned on his Mac-
Book Pro and spent less than an hour composing a
response to Burns that was published on Dead- and lifted Kluwe off the sports pages and
into the national conversation about the rights of ‘It was funny because it felt like a sign of the apocalypse that Rush Limbaugh and whoever it was from the far left end of the spectrum were both congratulating me. Are pigs flying overhead now?’
CHRIS KLUWE, the Minnesota Vikings punter and unlikely voice of the national debate on same-sex marriage
Chris Kluwe rehearsing in Minneapolis with the rock band Tripping Icarus, above, and punting for the Minnesota Vikings, below left.
The Punter Makes His Point
Vikings’ Kluwe Lands in Debate Over Same-Sex Marriage
Continued on Page D5
The Playoffs
In 2006, after the first flameout in De-
troit, while enjoying the honking horns
in the mostly abandoned downtown, I
wrote that the Yankees had descended
to organizational complacency: “As of now, the Yankees
are officially the Atlanta
Braves. They have a nice
little season. They qualify
for the playoffs. And then
bad stuff happens to
That was two flameouts ago in De-
troit. Watching a beleaguered city, giv-
en hope from the federal investment in
the auto industry, celebrate a rare vic-
tory in anything, it is hard to keep a
straight face, if you love underdogs. As for what has befallen the Yankees,
it seems to be the predestination of an
old-fashioned children’s fable — the
prince or princess haunted by a fatal
prediction: If you sip from the magic potion, you
may enjoy the bloom of youth. But nev-
er forget that someday the dark angel
will return and claim his percentage. The curse, if you will, of the Yankees
has been the rush to acquire Alex Rodri-
guez from Texas for the 2004 season, a
continuation of the Steinbrenner Fatal
Flaw — the Yankees cannot stop over-
paying for aging sluggers and pitchers. This flameout has been coming on a
long time. A-Rod was clearly on the
make in Seattle, although he insisted his
departure to Texas was not about
money. This led one sainted sports col-
umnist of that epoch to nickname him
Pay-Rod, a nickname he, oddly enough,
has never much cared for. In his perambulations, Rodriguez has
been able to live large. His current man-
sion in Miami is listed for $38 million. But now the curse has come due. Rod-
riguez is 37, and cannot hit righties.
Come to think of it, he can’t hit lefties,
either. Original Sin is catching up to the
Yankees. They reaped one champion-
ship with him, in 2009 — and yes it was a
joyous time, and yes he contributed. Are A-Rod’s chemical adventures
catching up with him? This is no 0-for-21
slump suffered by Gil Hodges of the
Brooklyn Dodgers in 1952. Hodges was
still only 28 when he started going oh-
fer against the Yankees, but Manager Yankees’ Old Ways Catch Up With Them
Outside Yankee Stadium, a day after the Yankees were swept by the Detroit
Tigers in the A.L.C.S., a reminder of one of the team’s major investments. Continued on Page D2
On the rare occasion when Bill Sny-
der would stop working and be able to
spend time with his children Sean,
Shannon and Meredith, he would tell
them stories about his mother.
How she had raised him herself in
their downtown, one-bedroom apart-
ment in St. Joseph, Mo. How she had
worked at a department store to be able
to send him to college. How she had
thrown herself — all 4 feet 9 inches — in
front of the door when he tried to leave
without permission.
Or how he had broken curfew when
his divorced father bought him a con-
vertible for his 16th birthday, and how
she had told his father, “Either you
come and get the car, or I’m going to
drive it in the river.”
Some weekends,he went to see his fa-
ther three hours away, but he grew to be
his mother’s son: accountable, consis-
tent, meticulous. Even obsessive. Every
detail mattered. If any little thing was
left undone, he came to believe,there
would be consequences. Now 73, Snyder, the patriarchal Kan-
sas State football coach, has his Wild-
cats (6-0) ranked No. 4,wringing the
most out of their talent as they travel to
face No. 17 West Virginia on Saturday. It
is what he does. Now in his 21st season
in Manhattan, Kan., Snyder has rescued
perhaps the nation’s worst major-col-
lege program, retired, returned and has
now done it again. His secret is in the
details. This he taught to his oldest child,
Sean. So when Snyder retires again —
the decision of when that happens will
almost assuredly be his — he will rec-
ommend his son as his successor, he
says. But for some time, Sean had longed
not to succeed his father, but simply to
know him better. Snyder worked 16-
Coach Bill Snyder, 73,
and No. 4 Kansas
State are unbeaten
heading into Satur-
day’s game against
No. 17 West Virginia.
South Carolina’s
kicker is hard to miss
on a football field.
He’s the only player
wearing glasses.
Page D4.
Landon Ard,
Sharing a Family Bond Off and On the Field Continued on Page D4
With a 5-0 win, the Giants
closed the gap in their series
with the Cardinals to three
games to two. Page D3.
Giants Stay Alive
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In 2003, Ramon Santiago of the
Detroit Tigers was the worst of-
fensive player on one of the worst
teams that had ever played the
game. In 2012, he sat on the bench
and watched his team eliminate
the Yankees in the American
League Championship Series.
In his unlikely journey, Santia-
go has been a member of the
three Tigers teams that eliminat-
ed the Yankees from the playoffs
over the last seven seasons. The
St. Louis Cardinals and the Los
Angeles Dodgers are the only
other teams to eliminate the Yan-
kees three times in the playoffs,
and it took them a lot longer than
it did Detroit. But then again,
those clubs never had Santiago, a
utility infielder and emerging
good luck charm with 11 seasons
in the major leagues.
Justin Verlander, perhaps the
best pitcher in baseball, is the
only other current Tiger to have
been around in 2006, when De-
troit bounced the Yankees out of
the playoffs in four games in the
first round, and in 2011, when the
Tigers did it again, this time in
five. But only Santiago goes back to
the 2003 club that went 43-119,
needing a win on the final day to
avoid joining the 1962 Mets as the
only 120-loss teams of the modern
era. As the starting shortstop for
that team, Santiago hit .225 and
his on-base plus slugging per-
centage, when adjusted for his
home field, was 41 percent below
the league average. He barely
edged teammate Brandon Inge,
then a catcher, who was 36 per-
cent below average.
Santiago, 33,briefly left the Ti-
gers after the 2003 season (could
you blame him?),spending 2004
and 2005 with the Seattle Mari-
ners. But he has been back in De-
troit since the beginning of 2006,
playing a utility role for the Ti-
gers and only once topping 300
at-bats. This season he hit .206 in
228 at-bats, spending time at sec-
ond base, shortstop, third base
and, amusingly, designated hit-
ter. His versatility led to a spot on
the postseason roster, although
he did not bat in either the divi-
sion series against Oakland or
the just-completed A.L.C.S.
Santiago has been asked to do
little this October, but Verlander
did not do much against the Yan-
kees in the postseason before this
past week, when he pitched a
dominant Game 3, allowing one
run in eight and a third innings.
In his three previous postseason
starts against the Yankees, in
2006 and 2011, Verlander allowed
eight earned runs in 14·innings
for a 5.02 earned run average,
with one of those starts ending
after one inning when rain began
to fall. Proving the Tigers have
the Yankees’ number, Detroit still
won two of those three games.
If the Tigers win the World Se-
ries this season, it is not likely
that Santiago’s baseball prowess
will be what gets them there.But
at this point,having been frus-
trated by the Tigers over and
over again, the Yankees may
start viewing Santiago, a .245 ca-
reer hitter,as some kind of Babe
Ruth in reverse.The Curse of the
Bambino has now been supplant-
ed by the Curse of the Santiago.
Third Time Shows Santiago May Be the Charm
Ramon Santiago, center, and Justin Verlander are the only Ti-
gers to celebrate three postseason eliminations of the Yankees.
Chuck Dressen started him in all
seven games. That was a different age. For
one thing, Hodges was already a
Brooklyn icon, and fans sent reli-
gious objects to him. (Joan Hodg-
es’s home in Brooklyn still has a
trunk full of Mass cards and rosa-
ry beads.) Today, fans post vile or
spurious Twitter comments rath-
er than pray. Hodges also did not
have a huge salary on his shoul-
ders as do A-Rod and all the oth-
er becalmed Yankees sluggers. Besides, the World Series was
a sun-spangled event, with no
wild-card rounds or division
rounds or championship rounds,
and there was hardly time for a
pattern to develop. Good pitching
and solid role players have usu-
ally come to the fore in the post-
season. With all due respect to
Joe Girardi, his mass benching of
key players might have looked
like panic within the Yankees
clubhouse. Still, all dynasties fade, by defi-
nition. Players fall apart. Derek
Jeter’s ankle snapped making a
play he has made a zillion times.
Mariano Rivera fell apart jogging
for a fly before a game. Willie
Mays was hired to be a mascot,
Mr. Met, and found himself stum-
bling on the bases in the 1973
World Series. This A-Rod inevitability has
been a long time coming. Now he
has a contract for five more years
and is owed $114 million. This impasse is straight out of
mythology. The Yankees ignored
the warning signs, the one fact
the organization should have
known. But there is no guaran-
teeing institutional memory.
Somebody always has a better
idea. It could be argued that the
golden age of the entire Yankees
franchise was from 1995 through
2000, when they won four World
Series and just missed twice — as
deep and home-built and funda-
mentally sound as this organiza-
tion has ever been. The five cornerstones were Ri-
vera, Jeter, Bernie Williams,
Jorge Posada and Andy Pettitte,
and they stayed together because
wicked King George was ban-
ished to the tower at a crucial
time, allowing Gene Michael to
hold on to the prizes the organi-
zation had wisely cultivated. No
prodigal sons in the grand era, at
least until Pettitte was shunned
for a while. What separated the Yankees
from the eminently respectable
Braves and other challengers
was huge New York cable money
— put in the hands of a terrific
baseball executive, Michael, who
was unencumbered by the Boss
and his Kooky Kollege of Kollabo-
rators. Brian Cashman, the team’s
current general manager, re-
ferred Thursday to Michael’s
“big, hairy monster” theory: go
after lefty hitters with patience
and power. Once the Yankees pursued
A-Rod for the 2004 season, they
became the flawed suitor in the
nursery tale. These stories al-
ways have three wishes or three
chances or three-strikes-you’re-
out. The funny part is that the
curse struck the Yankees three
times against the same team
within seven seasons. In 2006, Rodriguez was in such
a slump that Manager Joe Torre
dropped him to eighth in the line-
up. I can remember the shock of
the Yankees’ going down so ear-
ly; Torre was close to tears. At
that point, it seemed that one of
them had to go, but Torre sol-
diered on, and so did A-Rod.
And with its own not-insub-
stantial cable money, the Tigers
organization has accumulated a
team with Miguel Cabrera,
Prince Fielder and Justin Verlan-
der, and invaluable role players
who recall the era of Girardi,
Scott Brosius and Paul O’Neill. Don’t believe in spells? The
Yankees have won exactly one
World Series in nine seasons with
A-Rod. They are not a dynasty
anymore. But maybe there are no
dynasties. Since Luis Sojo — little
guys tend to do huge things in the
World Series (see: Martin, Billy)
— dribbled a hit up the middle in
the fifth and final game of 2000,
there have been nine different
champions in the past 11 Series. I don’t know about you, but I
revel in reciting this list from 2001
onward — Arizona, Anaheim,
Florida, Boston, Chicago White
Sox, St. Louis, Boston, Philadel-
phia, Yankees, San Francisco, St.
Louis. A lot of happy people in a
lot of different towns. True, the four teams in the
league championship series this
year were the franchise with the
highest payroll (Yankees) and
the ones with the fifth (Tigers),
eighth (Giants) and ninth highest
(Cardinals). But what makes this
postseason so delightful is that
the Galácticos (the soccer term
for expensive all-stars) of Phila-
delphia, Boston and the Los An-
geles Angels failed to make the
postseason at all. They couldn’t
even slip into the little wild-card
gimmick initiated this year,
which, as some wordsmith said in
a different context, was “a
sketchy deal.”
Meantime, heartwarming
things were happening in Oak-
land and Baltimore, although
both outsiders eventually lost in
authentic best-of-five series. All this democracy is good.
And seems to be a trend. As Tyler
Kepner pointed out recently,
sound management still counts,
particularly in the know-thyself
regime of the DeWitt family and
the smart folks hired to run the
Cardinals. The real disgrace is the Yan-
kees — with their payroll of $197
million — flopping around like 42-
year-old Willie Mays. Just as in
the nursery tales, the Yankees
made their deal with the Fates.
Inevitably, that deal has turned
out to be, as the fella said,
Yankees’ Old Ways
Catch Up With Them
From First Sports Page
When the Yankees lost the 1981
World Series to the Dodgers,
George Steinbrenner issued an
apology to New York City for the
team’s performance. He vowed
significant changes for 1982.
The Yankees, though,finished
fifth in the American League East
with a 79-83 record and did not re-
turn to the playoffs for the next 14
years. Perhaps an overreaction to
Game 6 — days after Steinbren-
ner claimed to have fought with
two Dodgers fans in a hotel eleva-
tor in Los Angeles — proved more
costly than the loss itself.
Steinbrenner’s son Hal, the
managing general partner of the
team, is far less impulsive than
his father.Despite the public out-
cry following a humiliating four-
game sweep by the Detroit Tigers
in the American League Champi-
onship Series, Hal Steinbrenner
took a longer view of the 2012 sea-
son, saying he was proud of a
team that fought through injuries
to earn the best record in the
league and finish among the final
four teams in the postseason. “We fell short of our singular
and constant goal, which is a
World Series championship,” he
said Friday in a statement. “How-
ever, I am proud of the accom-
plishments of this year’s team.” But Steinbrenner, who thanked
the fans for their passionate sup-
port, also recognized their dismay
over how feebly the team played
in its final four games. The Yan-
kees hit .157 in the series, scored 6
runs and were swept for the first
time in 37 playoff series dating
back to 1980. They were last
swept in a best-of-seven series in
1976, by Cincinnati.
“Make no mistake:this was a
bitter end to our year,” the state-
ment said, “and we fully intend to
examine our season in its totality,
assess all of our strengths and
weaknesses and take the neces-
sary steps needed to maintain our
sole focus of winning the World
Series in 2013. Great teams — and
organizations — use disappoint-
ment as a motivation for future
improvements and success. In the
days, weeks and months ahead,
we plan to do what’s necessary to
return this franchise to the World
“Nothing has changed. Nothing
will change. My family — and our
organization — has a long-stand-
ing commitment to provide all of
our fans a championship-caliber
team year after year.”
Although not the direct, em-
phatic apology of his father in
1981, it expressed more urgency
than his statement a year ago af-
ter the Yankees were eliminated
by the Tigers in the first round. “I personally share in our fans’
disappointment that this season
has ended without a champion-
ship,” the 2011 statement said.
“This disappointment will
strengthen our resolve to field a
team in 2012 that can bring a 28th
championship to the Bronx.”
Even George Steinbrenner’s
statements mellowed in the years
following the championship run
from 1996 to 2000, although their
tone seemed to fluctuate annu-
ally. With those four rings in his
pocket,Steinbrenner was more
forgiving — especially after a
first-round loss in 2002 to the An-
gels, whose owner, Gene Autry,
Steinbrenner greatly admired.
Indeed, his statement that year
was downright lyrical. “Will there
be changes?” it asked. “Of course.
But will these changes be made
arbitrarily or unilaterally by me?
Absolutely not. “There is an old Scottish prov-
erb that says, ‘I am wounded but I
am not slain. I shall lay me down
and bleed a while, then I shall rise
and fight again.’ That should be
the feeling of all of the Yankees to-
But two years later, following
perhaps the most agonizing of all
Yankee exits, Steinbrenner did
not hold such a romantic view.In
2004 the Yankees became the first
team to blow a 3-0 lead in a seven-
game series, and to the hated Red
Sox, no less. The statement issued
by Steinbrenner that year was a
terse masterpiece of passive-ag-
gressive understatement.
“I want to congratulate the
Boston team,” it read. “They did
very well. They have a great
A year later, Steinbrenner was
engaged in a simmering feud with
his manager,Joe Torre, as re-
flected in public statements that
needled him. His statement fol-
lowing the Yankees’ first-round
loss to the Angels contained a line
praising their skipper, Mike Scios-
cia, which was perceived by many
as a subtle shot at Torre.
“I congratulate the Angels and
their manager on the great job
they’ve done,” the statement said.
“Our team played hard, but we let
our fans down.”
He was even more pointed in
2006, when the Yankees were
ousted in the first round by the Ti-
gers. Doing little to conceal his
anger, Steinbrenner issued a
statement that said in part: “Rest
assured, we will go back to work
immediately and try to right this
sad failure.” Nothing approximating “sad
failure” was in Friday’s state-
ment.But Hal Steinbrenner
touched on a standard theme
found in almost every statement
after a Yankee campaign that
doesn’t end with a parade.
“We may have fallen short yes-
terday,but we never feel sorry for
ourselves and never make ex-
cuses,” he said.“We already are
beginning the process to find a
way to win our 28th world cham-
VINCENT LAFORET/THE NEW YORK TIMES Boston’s comeback in 2004 drew a tersely pointed statement from George Steinbrenner, the Yankees’ managing general partner.
Statement Suggests There Is Only Heck to Pay
DUANE BURLESON/ASSOCIATED PRESS From left, Johnny Damon, Jason Giambi and Alex Rodriguez
in the final inning of the Yankees’ loss to Detroit in a 2006 divi-
sion series, which prompted Steinbrenner to declare,“We will
go back to work immediately and try to right this sad failure.” In
1981, after saying he had fought with Dodgers fans, Steinbren-
ner, left,apologized to New York for a World Series loss.
Detroit had earned its hang-
over — the Tigers pulling off a
sweep of the Yankees on Thurs-
day to win their 11th American
League pennant — so I left the
slumbering city early Friday and
hit the road home to New York.
Soon after I got around Toledo
and turned east on the Ohio Turn-
pike, I came to a realization about
this insanely important swing
state: it’s so flat and so boring
that driving across it gives your
mind a chance to roam. And mine
was way off the leash.
Through my ancient Mazda’s
cracked windshield, I kept seeing
vivid snapshots of my three
whirlwind days in the Motor City.
Odd to say, but one of the most
memorable days was Wednes-
day, when Game 4 was scheduled
but no game was played. It
proved to be a great day for con-
spiracy theorists.
I arrived at the ballpark late,
detained by a fat Dominican ci-
gar and a much fatter raconteur
at a downtown saloon. “It’s a
myth that Dick the Bruiser beat
the tar out of Alex Karras at the
Lindell A.C.,” he told me with
iron conviction, disputing some-
thing I had reported as fact in
this newspaper. “Never hap-
Chastened, I quit the saloon.
The game should have been half
an hour old by the time I ap-
proached the turnstiles at Comer-
ica Park, but the packed stadium,
usually a house of bedlam, was
eerily quiet. I turned to a guy
standing next to the big statue of
the tiger and asked what was up.
“Rain delay,” replied Terry
Franconi, who had come to the
game carrying a broom — a goad
for the Tigers to turn their 3-0
lead into a four-game sweep.
Alas, brooms were banned from
the ball yard. Besides, Franconi
didn’t have a ticket.
“But it’s not raining,” I said.
“They say it’s going to.” Then
he offered a prediction that had
nothing to do with the weather:
“I honestly don’t think the Tigers
are going to win tonight because
there’s too much money to be lost
if they sweep. The umps and refs
know how to make it a close
It wasn’t raining inside the
park either, but I heard people
talking about a big storm that
was to the west and closing in
fast. Half an hour passed, an
hour, an hour and a half — and
still no rain. It was like being
trapped inside a jampacked keg
party with 43,000 guests, every-
one getting hammered because
there was nothing else to do. I no-
ticed that the grounds crew
hadn’t even pulled the tarp over
the infield dirt, despite that big
bad storm that was supposed to
be on its way. Strange. I started
thinking about how much money
the concession stands were mak-
ing, and that got me thinking
about Terry Franconi’s remarks.
Maybe some kind of fix really
was on.
Finally, the rain started to fall
two hours after the first pitch was
supposed to be thrown — plenty
of time to get in most of a game —
and the tarp came out and the
fans went home. It was a first for
me: a two-hour rain delay with-
out any rain.
After the nongame, I went to a
different saloon and bumped into
Brian McGuire, who works as
something called a search engine
marketing analyst for a Detroit
advertising agency. “I don’t
mean to sound like a conspiracy
theorist,” he told me, “but I think
the powers that be knew this
game wasn’t going to happen.
The interest is in money — the
chance for advertising, market-
ing, alcohol sales. Let’s milk the
cow, then put her to bed and milk
her again tomorrow. It’s capital-
All these dark theories became
moot the following day, when
sunshine drenched the field and
Game 4 started on schedule a lit-
tle after 4 p.m. As I gazed out at
the emerald outfield, I had to ad-
mit that I, like many old-school-
ers before me, had been utterly
seduced by Comerica Park,
which opened in 2000, replacing
Tiger Stadium, the charming old
dowager where I grew up watch-
ing baseball and football games.
They tore the place down in 2008,
breaking many hearts.
One such heart belonged to
Tom Derry, a postal worker who
formed a crew to maintain the
former playing field and the vast
prairie at the legendary corner of
Michigan and Trumbull. Derry
and I interrupted a game of pick-
up baseball so I could snap a pic-
ture of him standing on home
plate, the original flagpole visible
in the distance, where it has
stood since 1912 — on what used
to be the center-field warning
track, in fair territory. Vaughn Derderian Sr. was not
among the brokenhearted. Cur-
rent patriarch of a family that has
been in the bar business in down-
town Detroit since the 1920s, he
offered the sacrilegious opinion
that Tiger Stadium, with all of its
view-blocking girders, was a
“dump.” Even Loren D. Estle-
man, a fellow old-schooler and a
prolific author of western and
crime fiction, much of it set in De-
troit, conceded that the new ball-
park had beguiled him. “The only
bad thing is that they named it af-
ter a damned bank,” he said. “But
that’s the way the world’s going.”
The snapshots kept coming as
I crossed Ohio. There was
Lamarr Webb, the sweet-na-
tured, hardworking beer vendor
who passed a sunny afternoon
with me on his front porch, telling
stories. There was the vertigo-in-
ducing view straight down on the
ballpark from the 34th floor of the
nearby Broderick Tower, which is
being converted into a luxury
apartment building. If the people
who rent apartments on that side
of the building are baseball fans,
they’ll be living in heaven.
After the Tigers completed the
sweep on Thursday evening, the
streets around the stadium were
blasting music by Diana Ross,
Bob Seger, the White Stripes. The
throngs were ecstatic but orderly.
No burning cars. No ugliness that
I could see.
Finally, I made my way down
to the Tigers’ clubhouse. I could
smell the perfume from 50 yards
away. Then I stepped into the
roomand saw it: cigar smoke so
blue and so thick you couldn’t
have cut it with a chain saw. For
the most part, the players had
stopped spraying the alcohol-free
champagne and were popping
corks on the real thing: Dom
Nothing could kill this eupho-
ria. When teammates gave the
star pitcher Justin Verlander a
refreshing ice-water shower, he
just laughed and laughed and
laughed. Then he relit his cigar
and kept on puffing.
Whiffs of Conspiracy and Victory
Pitcher Justin Verlander received an ice-water shower from
teammates after the Tigers won the A.L.pennant, top.Tom
Derry, above,helps maintain the former site of Tiger Stadium.
A rain delay with no rain could not
quell Detroit’s joy.
Bill Morris grew up in Detroit in
the 1950s and ’60s. He is the au-
thor of the novels “Motor City”
and “All Souls’ Day,” and has fin-
ished another, “Vic #43,” set dur-
ing the 1967 Detroit riot and the
Tigers’ 1968 championship sea-
ST. LOUIS — The San Francis-
co Giants have secured another
two days to dream, another trip
home, and another opportunity
to conjure more of the unthink-
able magic
that has pro-
pelled them
this far. Facing
elimination in
Game 5 of the
National League Championship
Series on Friday night, the Gi-
ants beat the St. Louis Cardinals,
5-0,following the lead of Barry
Zito, whose gutsy and sparkling
pitching performance stunned
and silenced a capacity crowd at
Busch Stadium.
Once already this October the
Giants achieved the near impos-
sible, winning three straight
games away from home to over-
come a 2-0 deficit against the
Cincinnati Reds in the division
series. Now, trailing in this se-
ries by three games to two, they
head back to AT&T Park for
Game 6 on Sunday night.
“I’m happy for the team,” Zito
said, “and I’m happy the fans
get to see us back at AT&T
Park.” At home, the Giants will send
Ryan Vogelsong, who pitched
seven strong innings during
their Game 2 win, to the mound
for Game 6. Should they force a
Game 7, the ball would go to
Matt Cain. They are still the un-
derdog, but they have been here
before. “Our backs are against the
wall, and there is no tomorrow,”
outfielder Hunter Pence said.
“We’re not here to fall and fold.
We got here because we’re going
to fight.” Zito, 34, produced the most
significant performance of a stir-
ring bounce-back season. Zito,
who won nine games in 2010 —
and was left off the playoff roster
as the team won the World Se-
ries — and only three during an
injury-plagued 2011, recorded 15
regular-season victories this
year. The Giants have not lost a
game started by Zito since Aug.
“You’ve got to be professional
and you can’t pout,” Zito said of
his struggles. “I worked on a lot
of stuff during the off-season and
came back stronger for it.”
As Zito thrived, Cardinals
starter Lance Lynn was knocked
out after just three and two-
thirds innings for the second
time this series. His outing Fri-
day was uncannily similar to his
Game 1 start, when he no-hit the
Giants through the first three in-
nings before falling apart in the
Lynn opened the fourth Friday
by allowing a pair of singles. One
out later, Pence hit a potential
double-play ball to the mound.
But Lynn’s throw was so low it
bounced off the front of the sec-
ond-base bag and into center
field, and the error let Marco
Scutaro race home from second.
“A good throw there and we’re
out of the inning,” Lynn said. “I
just short-armed it a little bit. I
could have gotten myself out of
an inning. It was definitely my
One out after that, he walked
Gregor Blanco, loading the bas-
es, before Brandon Crawford
slapped a sharp single to center,
scoring two. The misery contin-
ued, and Lynn’s night ended,
when Zito pushed a bunt single
down the third-base line, making
the score 4-0.
The Cardinals could not inflict
similar damage on Zito, though
they had chances early on. Like
Lynn, Zito was trying to bounce
back from a poor showing during
his last start, a two and two-third
innings outing in Game 5 of the
division series. He vowed to be
more aggressive this time, and
he was, more through precision
than force. Employing a curveball that
looped in as slowly as 71 miles an
hour and a fastball that maxed
out at 85, Zito left a runner on
second in the first, got an inning-
ending double play to escape a
bases-loaded jam in the second,
and escaped the fourth un-
scathed after allowing a leadoff
double to Allen Craig.
“I was just living pitch to
pitch, moment to moment,” Zito
said. “Looking back on it, things
work out.” Zito said he regretted how nit-
picky he was in his last start,
when he gave up four walks. On
Friday, the only walk he had was
intentional. He left the game in
the eighth after allowing six hits
and recording six strikeouts, and
his 115 pitches were the most he
has thrown since August 2010.
“I don’t know how many times
we needed to win this year, he
found a way to get it done for
us,” Manager Bruce Bochy said.
The Cardinals’ offense had re-
ceived a pregame lift when out-
fielder Carlos Beltran was pen-
ciled into their starting lineup.
Beltran, who entered Friday bat-
ting .400 this postseason with
three home runs, strained his
left knee during Game 3 and
missed Game 4. But it was the Giants’ offense
that hummed, and Pablo Sando-
val pounded a solo home run off
Mitchell Boggs in the eighth,
giving the Giants a five-run
cushion. That quieted the St.
Louis fans to near silence and
stamped the Giants’ ticket home
for a reunion with their own.
The Giants’ Hunter Pence made a sliding catch in the fifth inning.“We’re not here to fall and fold,” Pence said. “We got here because we’re going to fight.” The Giants will host Game 6 on Sunday.
Zito Baffles Cardinals and Gives Giants Hope for Another Comeback
St. Louis leads
series, 3-2 San Francisco was in
a similar situation
against the Reds.
Crucial conference showdowns
abound on Saturday, mainly in
the Southeastern and Big 12 con-
ferences, including a brunch-time
start to kick off the action.
What is the oppo-
site of the bacchanalia that is a
night game in Death Valley? How
about an 11 a.m. kickoff in College
Station,Tex.,with reveille still
echoing over the Corps of Ca-
dets? After beating South Caroli-
na at home to revive its Bowl
Championship Series hopes, No.
6 Louisiana State will try to slow
No. 20 Texas A&M’s Johnny Man-
ziel. Manziel, a freshman quar-
terback,thrust himself into the
Heisman Trophy discussion after
a 59-57 victory over Louisiana
Tech last week,throwing for 395
yards and 3 touchdowns and
rushing for 181 yards and 3 more
scores. Can Manziel’s improvisa-
tional schoolyard style pierce the
tough Tigers defense that suffo-
cated previously unbeaten South
Carolina last Saturday? L.S.U.
seems to have found its own play-
maker in the freshman running
back Jeremy Hill. He will try to
avoid Aggies defensive end Da-
montre Moore, who leads the
SEC in sacks and in tackles for
Steve Spur-
rier returns to his old Swamping
grounds to find No. 3 Florida
back in the rarefied rankings air
for the first time since Tim Tebow
left Gainesville to pursue a ca-
reer as a meme. With Jeff Driskel
at quarterback, the Gators are
even more reliant on a power
running game than when Tebow
was at the helm, and No. 9 South
Carolina proved vulnerable to the
ground and pound against L.S.U.,
surrendering 258 yards rushing.
Three starters from Florida’s re-
spected offensive line are back
from injury to tangle with the
Gamecocks’ suddenly less cock-
sure defensive front, and the
game plan is sure to feature run-
ning back Mike Gillislee, who is
averaging 102.5 yards per game.
South Carolina’s feature back,
Marcus Lattimore, has a bruised
hip and may not start.
Speaking of
Tebow — because all football
writers are legally bound to do so
—No. 4 Kansas State has a rea-
sonable facsimile, Collin Klein,
who is battering defenses with
his 228-pound frame, rushing for
86 yards a game and 10 touch-
downs this season. The Wildcats
venture to Morgantown to face
No. 17 West Virginia and its de-
fense constructed of gossamer.
The unit, ranked 117th in yards al-
lowed, seems unlikely to slow
Klein and K-State’s sledgeham-
mer attack, so quarterback Geno
Smith will need to recapture his
Heisman-caliber form for the
Mountaineers to win. TANGLE IN TEXAS
Back in the
days of the Southwest Confer-
ence, Texas Tech and Texas
Christian loathed each other.
That feeling has been rekindled
in the Big 12. The 18th-ranked
Red Raiders were allergic to
tackling last season, but they are
fourth in total defense nationally
this season, and they embar-
rassed West Virginia last Satur-
day. T.C.U., unranked at 5-1,an-
nually hangs its Stetson on a
strong defense and is surrender-
ing just 14.5 points per game. Tex-
as Tech seems to have the edge at
quarterback. Seth Doege has
been impressive — 21 touchdown
passes in 6 games —while the
Frogs are relying on the fresh-
man Trevone Boykin after Casey
Pachall was arrested on charges
of driving while intoxicated. But
the last four times Tech has beat-
en a ranked team, it has lost its
next game, and the Frogs have
won 28 of 30 in Fort Worth.
Florida’s Mike Gillislee is av-
eraging 102.5 yards rushing.
hour days as a young coach un-
der Hayden Fry at North Texas.
That earned him a job at Iowa
when Fry went there in 1979.
That pace also earned Snyder a
divorce. He had not been around
much at home, sometimes wak-
ing up the children at night to
play with them. In their home’s narrow hall-
way, he taught Sean how to carry
a football and how to tackle. Then at Iowa, Snyder mostly
saw Sean and his sisters each
summer. The first thing he asked
about was school. He never
yelled, never swore, never raised
his voice, but if their grades had
slipped, he checked their
progress nightly come fall.
Those summers, Sean watched
his father.He wondered: Why
the act? Why the discipline? Why
the work?
A soccer player, Sean joined
his high school football team to
punt, to make it to Iowa, to an-
swer all of the whys. “If you want to punt, then how
are you going to be good at it?”
Snyder asked, making his son
plan, strategize and set goals.
This was a lesson; Snyder raised
his children the way he coached
his players.Sean learned to punt
on his own and earned a schol-
arship to Iowa in 1988.
“Coming from a divorced fam-
ily, to me, to be whole and fill ev-
erything out, there was a lot of
areas I needed to learn,” Sean
said, adding,“I needed to be
around him to learn those things
and understand a lot of previous
years and put it together.”
After Sean’s freshman year,
Kansas State interviewed his fa-
ther for its head coaching posi-
tion. No Division I team in the
sport’s history had lost more
games. The Wildcats played
“home” games at Oklahoma and
Nebraska, where their oppo-
nents’ fan bases would buy tick-
ets and generate more revenue. Steve Miller, then the athletic
director,interviewed 18 other
candidates, but only Snyder had
a patient, long-term plan, and a
calm, knowing presence. He was hired, and in his first
meeting with the team, address-
ing a group of players who had
never played in a game Kansas
State won, he explained his rules:
no “ear screws” — his word for
earrings — no foul language, no
being late. At one point, a schol-
arship player stood up and left
the room. Snyder continued. They would
wear blazers and ties on trips.
They would practice Sundays at 8
a.m., so they should spend their
Saturday evenings accordingly.
They would act like gentlemen.
Sean joined his father in 1990,
after being benched during his
sophomore season.He moved
with his wife and daughter to
Manhattan, about two hours west
of Kansas City, but his father
made himwalk on, because, Sny-
der said, “I wanted him to grow
up and be able to take care of
himself.” By Sean’s senior year, he had
earned a scholarship and was an
all-American punter. He returned
to Kansas State as a part-time as-
sistant coach in 1994. By the time
he became the director of football
operations in 1996,the whys
about his father had been an-
swered,and the Wildcats’ pro-
gram had been jump-started.
To overcome the losing, to
build a powerhouse in the heart
of Kansas, Snyder spent uncount-
able hours studying film. He re-
cruited junior college players and
gave opportunities to walk-ons. “He sort of runs an orphan-
age,” said Mark Janssen, who co-
wrote a book with Snyder. The
trend started in 1997 when the
athletic Michael Bishop trans-
ferred to Kansas State because
Snyder let him play quarterback.
In one-on-one film sessions,
they watched the same play hun-
dreds of times, Bishop said. This
went on for hours until Bishop,
who would go on to be a Heisman
Trophy finalist, excused himself
for a bathroom break.That re-
lentlessness helped the Wildcats
win 11 games in six of the next
seven seasons. He bounced ideas off Sean,
who handled off-the-field issues
— from the budget, to travel, to
personnel. Sean shared his fa-
ther’s nose, lighter hair and now
his work ethic.
Snyder said of his son: “I think
he’s the only individual, other
than myself, that really under-
stands the totality of what the
Kansas State program is all
But Sean often made it home
for dinner, and sometimes he
sneaked out to have lunch with
his wife. “In all the good ways,
Sean is a miniature Bill,” his sis-
ter Shannon said.
Snyder’s teams eventually
sputtered, winning four games in
2004 and five in 2005. He retired
and for three years he attended
his grandchildren’s activities. The highway from the inter-
state to campus was named after
him. The stadium was called Bill
Snyder Family Stadium.But Ron
Price, Snyder’s replacement, was
not Bill Snyder. Details were
missed, said Sean, who had
stayed with the program.
Imagine Alabama without
Bear Bryant, if Alabama won 66
percent of its games with him
and less than 36 percent without
him. Snyder was rehired in 2009
to fix the program again. He said
he came back for the people.
Last season, he promoted Sean
to associate head coach.
Snyder jokes that Sean’s con-
tract requires him to bring his
children to work. But Snyder’s
family —he remarried while at
Iowa and had two more children
— says he is at ease these days,
that he makes time. He says he is
not slowing down. There is much that looks the
same. Players run the stadium
stairs every Wednesday morning
as punishment for missing class.
Fifty-seven players on the roster
either walked on or came from a
junior college. Snyder’s quarter-
back, Collin Klein, is a dual threat
and Heisman contender.Sean’s
son, Tate, plays linebacker.
“When we feel like the waters
are smooth, and the program is
secure, then I’ll get back on to do-
ing some other things in my life,”
Snyder said in a phone interview
this week. Then, he will recom-
mend Sean as his successor.
“If I were to step down today, I
certainly would,” he said, adding,
“I think he’d be absolutely fan-
tastic at it, but I wouldn’t encour-
age him to take the job.
“I’d rather see him live a more
complete life than this.”
At Kansas State, Sharing a Bond Off and On the Field
From First Sports Page
Bill Snyder, talking to his team during a timeout, works closely with his son Sean, who is the associate head coach and director of football operations.
Snyder with Oklahoma Coach Bob Stoops after a 24-19 victory
in Norman on Sept. 22. The Wildcats are 6-0 this season.
Landon Ard does not think he
is the only football player who
wears glasses on the field. But
when asked to name another,
Ard, a freshman kicker at South
Carolina, was stumped. So were
historians at the Pro and College
Football Hall of Fames.
That Ard wears eyeglasses is a
distinction that has sometimes
diverted attention from his
strong leg to his poor eyesight.
“They’re an easy target for
trash-talking,” Ard said of his ti-
tanium Flexon frames, which
have a cord around the back to
keep them in place. “But I love
football more than anything,and
I can’t give that up just because I
wear glasses.”
Ard has worn glasses since he
was 15 months old. When he was
2, he had an operation to try to
correct a condition called accom-
modative esotropia, which refers
to the crossing of the eyes.The
surgery did not work,but his bi-
focals correct the problem.
His vision became a source of
fascination last Saturday, when
he entered the game in the clos-
ing minutes of South Carolina’s
loss to Louisiana State to attempt
an onside kick. It was unsuc-
cessful. His glasses prompted
comments on Twitter, message
boards and, days later, even from
an ESPN N.F.L. analyst.
The interest is understandable.
As contact lenses and prescrip-
tion sports goggles have prolifer-
ated and the technology has im-
proved, glasses have all but dis-
appeared from the sporting land-
scape. From the 1970s through
1990s, there were a host of promi-
nent athletes who competed
wearing prescription glasses, in-
cluding the tennis stars Arthur
Ashe and Martina Navratilova,
baseball’s Reggie Jackson, the
track great Edwin Moses and the
Los Angeles Lakers’ Kurt Ram-
bis and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar.
Even fringe sports figures —like
the Hanson Brothers in hockey, a
fictitious trio in the 1977 film
“Slap Shot,” based on the broth-
ers Jeff, Steve, and Jack Carlson,
and the British Olympic ski jum-
per Eddie Edwards, nicknamed
The Eagle — were celebrated for
their chunky eyewear. The most recent football player
who gained widespread attention
for wearing glasses while playing
was Brandon Burlsworth, an of-
fensive lineman for the Arkansas
Razorbacks who was drafted by
the Colts in 1999 but died in a car
accident 11 days later. Burls-
worth’s Woody Allen style frames
were his trademark, and after his
death, his family set up a founda-
tion that provides glasses to
needy children in Arkansas. As for Ard, he said he had tried
contact lenses and goggles but
neither worked for him. When he
tried out for the football team at
South Pointe High School in Rock
Hill, S.C.,some of the coaches
were concerned. “I worried about him because
he wasn’t your typical kicker,”
said Straight Herron, then a
South Pointe assistant. “He was
always looking to hit somebody.” Ard kicked, punted and was
also the team’s starting free safe-
ty as a senior. In a high school
game that was broadcast on
ESPN, he blasted a kickoff right
through the uprights and halfway
across the roof of the locker room
behind it. He led the team in tack-
les on kickoffs,and Herron said
that despite his size — Ard is list-
ed at 5 feet 9 inches and 189
pounds — he was one of the most
ferocious hitters on a team that
went to the state championship
game. On one occasion, Ard hit
an opponent so hard that he gave
himself a concussion. “People ask me if it’s safe to
wear glasses,and I tell them I’ve
taken huge hits and had concus-
sions,and my glasses didn’t even
come off,” said Ard, who walked
on at South Carolina. Ard says that his frames are
designed to absorb impact and
that South Carolina has not made
him sign a liability waiver. Ard’s
ophthalmologist, Dr. Erin Gosh-
orn, says concerns about the
glasses are unfounded. “Why is
everyone making a big deal be-
cause he wears glasses?” she
asked. “His glasses are very
safe.” For years, Ard has diffused the
questions and occasional jibes
about his eyewear with humor.
But he never expected his glass-
es to become fodder for ESPN
football analysts, as they did on
“Check out my man Landon
Ard, not very good,” the ESPN
analyst Cris Carter said on televi-
sion this week, describing the un-
successful onside kick attempt
against L.S.U. during a segment
on “Monday Night Countdown”
called “C’mon Man!” As Carter
spoke, the highlight briefly
paused,and Ard’s glasses were
highlighted. “He rocking the
specs,” Carter said.“Now, I don’t
believe he’s there to be kicking at
South Carolina, I think he there
to help out with the G.P.A. C’mon,
man!” Ard’s father, David, said Car-
ter’s remarks and the laughter of
his colleagues on the show disap-
pointed him. “That was wrong,” he said.
“They don’t even know Landon.
He has to wear glasses.”
Ard, however, sheepishly ac-
knowledged that he had a 4.0
G.P.A. last semester. “I guess glasses might make
you look a little smarter,” he said.
“But I think I just look normal.” Once again, as a bespectacled
kicker of modest stature in a
sport of behemoths, Ard said he
had more to prove than most. “I guess I do have a chip on my
shoulder,” he said. “I want to
show people that I might look dif-
ferent than everyone else, but I
can do the same things. My glass-
es don’t limit me.”
Gamecocks Kicker Ignores Jabs That Frame Him as Bookworm
‘I guess glasses might make you look a little smarter.
But I think I just look normal.’
LANDON ARD, a freshman at South Carolina
same-sex couples. For a man who had a perfect verbal
score on the SAT, and whom friends,
family, teammates and coaches de-
scribe as having “no filter,” the brickbat
that Kluwe gorilla-swung at the notion
of civil discourse became as much the
story as the message itself. “This is more a personal quibble of
mine, but why do you hate freedom?”
he wrote. “Why do you hate the fact that
other people want a chance to live their
lives and be happy, even though they
may believe in something different than
you, or act different than you? How
does gay marriage, in any way shape or
form, affect your life?”
The letter is a profanity-laden rant, as
well as a multilayered, point-by-point
decimation of Burns’s argument, so in-
sidiously thorough that Burns waved
the white flag two days later in an in-
terview with The Baltimore Sun in
which he said, in effect, “Never mind.”
“My writing style comes from a sto-
ried history on the World of Warcraft
forum boards,” Kluwe said, referring to
the enormously popular online role-
playing game. “And in that context, the
letter was actually really tame. I toned
it down quite a few notches. I knew
from the start, I wanted to make it fun-
ny, but I definitely couldn’t go full-bore
on it.” His definition of full-bore is debat-
able; what’s not in question is the posi-
tive manner in which his missive has
been received across all sexual orienta-
tions and political affiliations. “The guy’s got a way with words,”
Rush Limbaugh said of Kluwe on his ra-
dio show. Kluwe said: “It was funny because it
felt like a sign of the apocalypse that
Rush Limbaugh and whoever it was
from the far left end of the spectrum
were both congratulating me. Are pigs
flying overhead now?”
Some in the Minnesota news media,
used to local athletes and celebrities
stringing clichés together, appreciate
Kluwe’s candor and his ability to speak
extemporaneously on any number of
subjects. A voracious reader of as many
as five books a week, he has emerged as
the local go-to guy for a sound bite
about a Michael Moore documentary or
the latest action video game. (He
stopped playing World of Warcraft 18
months ago, he said, because “it wasn’t
a challenge anymore.”) After his re-
sponse to Burns became widely known,
people in the news media privately and
publicly expressed admiration for
Kluwe’s ability to turn a memorable
phrase. “He might be a better writer than he
is a punter,” said Bob Sansevere, a col-
umnist with The St. Paul Pioneer Press,
who has covered the Vikings since 1984
and is a regular on the Twin Cities’ top-
rated morning radio show on KQRS. He
added, “I’ve never seen an athlete who
can write like that.”
What added to Kluwe’s angst that
night in his bedroom was the proposed
amendment to the Minnesota Constitu-
tion known as Recognition of Marriage
Solely Between One Man and One
Woman, which is on the Nov. 6 ballot. “There are only 4 percent of Minneso-
tans undecided on this question,” says
Richard Carlbom, the campaign man-
ager of the coalition Minnesotans Unit-
ed for All Families, an umbrella or-
ganization for more than 600 groups
working to defeat the amendment.
“Right now it’s a dead heat.”
Kluwe lent his brash voice against the
amendment, appearing in radio adver-
tisements and writing a letter on behalf
of Minnesotans for Equality, a fund-
raising arm of Minnesotans United for
All Families. He recently began selling
T-shirts printed with two of the more
colorful terms from his letter to Burns.
Proceeds will be split between Kluwe’s
charity, Kick for a Cure, which benefits
children with Duchenne muscular dys-
trophy, and Minnesotans for Equality.
“Last spring we contacted Chris
through Twitter,” said Brad Michael, a
committee chairman for Minnesotans
for Equality. “He had tweeted about the
Kim Kardashian-Kris Humphries di-
vorce.” (Sent via his @ChrisWarcraft
Twitter handle, Kluwe’s message was:
“Dear Sanctity of Marriage — Nyah
hah!”) Kluwe responded to Michael immedi-
ately. “I was like, ‘Yeah, this is a good
thing,’” he recalled. “I really want to
make sure that the amendment doesn’t
pass because I think it’s an assault on
human rights and civil rights.”
Kluwe followed up with appearances
on CNN, MSNBC, Fox News and local
network news, and conducted newspa-
per, radio and Web interviews. He has
been written about in The Guardian and
The Times of London.
In addition, Kluwe wrote two profan-
ity-free (and much less publicized) let-
ters to other opponents of same-sex
marriage, the first to Ravens center
Matt Birk, his former teammate. In the
second letter, to Archbishop John C.
Nienstedt of St. Paul and Minneapolis
and Pope Benedict XVI, he quoted
Scripture despite his being agnostic.
“He’s the polar opposite of your ster-
eotypical football player,” said Cullen
Loeffler, the Vikings’ long snapper and
Kluwe’s close friend. Most recently, Kluwe was featured in
Out magazine, posing shirtless, at his
wife’s urging, for several photos that he
expected to be locker-room fodder
among relatively tight-knit, conserva-
tive teammates.
Handling such politically delicate
matters is new territory for the N.F.L.,
which has recently been assaulted by
concussion issues, player bounties and
inept replacement referees. When
asked to comment about the Ayanbade-
jo situation during a Politico forum in
September, Commissioner Roger Goo-
dell said: “Listen, I think in this day and
age, people are going to speak up about
what they think is important. They
speak as individuals, and I think that’s
an important part of our democracy.” Paul Tagliabue, the previous N.F.L.
commissioner, said he planned to do-
nate $100,000 to support same-sex mar-
riage in Maryland.
Despite the league’s macho culture,
Kluwe said: “I had quite a few team-
mates come up to me and say: ‘We ap-
preciate you speaking out in support of
Brendon. We may not agree with you on
that marriage issue, but at the same
time everybody has got the right to
speak.’ And then I’ve had a couple
teammates come up and say, ‘We agree
with you, we think you did the right
thing and that was a great letter you
wrote.’” Last year, during the final weeks of
the N.F.L. lockout, after the stars Drew
Brees, Peyton Manning, Logan Man-
kins and Vincent Jackson tried to alter
some of the contract language, Kluwe
wrote to Deadspin, describing them in a
way that is unprintable here. At that
moment, the world became aware of
Kluwe. The former Broncos tight end Nate
Jackson’s response on Deadspin was ti-
tled, “Dear Chris Kluwe: When We
Want the Punter’s Opinion, We’ll Ask
for It (We Won’t).”
Kluwe fired back,ridiculing Jackson’s
lack of playing time in a Deadspin col-
umn called “Can I Kick It? (Yes, I
Can),” which he ended, “You’re not the
only one who can craft a sentence, my
The roots of Kluwe’s activism can be
traced to his upbringing in Los Alami-
tos, Calif. His parents, Ronald, an execu-
tive at a company that works with bio-
fuels, and Sandy, an anesthesiologist,
raised him and his younger brother and
sister, Greg and Kim, to be freethinkers
who embraced both culture and sports.
Kluwe became a violin prodigy who
could play by ear, and he developed an
advanced vocabulary.
“His grandmother gave him ‘The
Twits’ by Roald Dahl when he was 4 or
5,” Sandy Kluwe said, referring to the
dark children’s tale. “He could read it,
so obviously he had subversive litera-
ture at a very early age, and it appar-
ently stuck with him.”
Family dinners often involved lively
discussions in which the children were
encouraged to defend their opinions.
They were taught to treat people the
same way, no matter their race, sexual
orientation or financial status. The con-
stant companions of Kluwe’s childhood
were not toys but books that showed
him a world beyond his bedroom. When
he was 11, his grandmother, an aero-
space engineer and adventurer who
climbed Kilimanjaro in her 70s, took him
on a two-week trip to Antarctica.
In 1994, his parents opted to home-
school Kluwe, who tested above his
grade. They wanted to keep him with
his peers athletically rather than have
him enter high school a year early.
Sandy Kluwe created a rigorous curric-
ulum, which consisted of “Shakespeare,
the Federalist papers and Latin conju-
gations,” he said. At Los Alamitos High School, Kluwe
decided to play football instead of soc-
cer. A kicker and punter, he once struck
a 60-yard field goal in a playoff game to
force overtime. (Los Alamitos eventu-
ally won, 30-23.)
“He came home one day from a kick-
ing camp and said, ‘I’m going to get a
scholarship to play football in college,’”
Sandy Kluwe said, “‘and then I’m going
to play in the N.F.L.’ Just like that.”
Much to his parents’ dismay, Kluwe
turned down Harvard to attend
U.C.L.A., where he graduated in 2003
with a double major in political science
and history.
Ronald Kluwe said: “When he got off
the phone with the Harvard coach, he
said: ‘Dad, I’ll be the second biggest
guy on the Harvard team, and I’m the
punter.’ And I said, ‘O.K., Chris, just let
your mother know because I’m not that
brave.’” Although no team drafted him out of
college, Kluwe joined the Vikings in
2005 and had three successful seasons,
averaging 43.6 yards. That led to an $8.3
million contract extension that runs
through 2013. Through six games this
season, he is averaging 46.4 yards per
punt, just above his career average. His
position coach is pleased. “He’s a very intelligent guy and he’s a
fine punter,” Mike Priefer, the Vikings’
special teams coordinator, said. “Al-
though he’s a very funny guy, he’s very
motivated and focused on game day,
and very coachable.” Whether his deal will be extended is
uncertain, as is where his family will
live. For his first five years with the Vik-
ings, the Kluwes lived in Minnesota
year-round. “Minnesota’s not bad in the
few weeks of spring,” he said dryly.
But they recently bought a second
home in Huntington Beach, Calif. He
and Isabel are considering bringing up
the children there while visiting Minne-
sota during the season. Although Kluwe says he has no idea
what he will do in retirement (“Play vid-
eo games?” his mother said), he will
probably not recede from public view.
He blogs for The Pioneer Press several
times a week, and his growing popular-
ity makes it possible that he will have a
national platform someday. The good he
has done for lesbians, gays, bisexuals
and transgender people in the Twin Cit-
ies and elsewhere is tangible.
“In the sports bar where I hang out,
they now see this issue differently be-
cause of Chris Kluwe,” said Brad Mi-
chael, of Minnesotans for Equality.
“That impact can’t be measured.”
It is doubtful that Kluwe will join the
fraternity of former coaches and play-
ers in sports broadcasting. There is a
better chance of seeing him on an epi-
sode of “Nova,” bemoaning the fact that
after centuries of studying the heavens,
we still know so little about our exist-
“I saw a study a couple days ago
where they showed a scaled picture of
the size of the dust cloud that surrounds
our galaxy,” Kluwe said, putting his
bass guitar down. “And then you zoom
out and see how far away our galaxy is
from all the others, and it’s this mi-
croscopic dot. And that’s just one galaxy
out of the billions and trillions there are
in the universe. You’re going to tell me
we have all the answers?” He did not wait for a response before
continuing, “If you look at it, our planet
and our being on the planet is almost a
0.0 percent chance of happening in the
size of the universe.” He thought for a
moment. “You know, we could be noth-
ing more than a quantum fluctuation in
the stat line of the universe.”
With that, the most interesting man
in the N.F.L. popped a few more Gob-
stoppers into his mouth and stepped
into the cold night air before driving
back to the team hotel, moments before
Vikings’ Kluwe Makes Point in Broad Debate
Chris Kluwe, top and second from right above, at a rehearsal with Tripping Icarus, a rock band that enlisted
him mainly because of his prowess on the video game Guitar Hero. “Football is what I do for a living, but it’s
not even remotely who I am,” he said. Kluwe, from California, prefers sandals, top right, even in the cold.
From First Sports Page
Harvard wanted Chris
Kluwe, but U.C.L.A. led
(Best-of-7; x-if necessary)
All games televised by TBS
Oct. 13: Detroit 6, Yankees 4, 12 innings
Oct. 14: Detroit 3, Yankees 0
Tuesday: Detroit 2, Yankees 1 Thursday: Detroit 8, New York 1
All games televised by Fox
ST. LOUIS 3, SAN FRANCISCO 2 Sunday: St. Louis 6, San Francisco 4
Monday: San Francisco 7, St. Louis 1 Wednesday: St. Louis 3, San Francisco 1
Thursday: St. Louis 8, San Francisco 3
Friday: San Francisco 5, St. Louis 0
Sunday: St. Louis (Carpenter 0-2) at San Francisco (Vogelsong 14-9), 7:45 p.m.
x-Oct. 22: at San Francisco, 8:07 p.m.
(Best-of-7; x-if necessary)
All games televised by Fox
Wednesday, Oct. 24: at N.L. Champion (n)
Thursday, Oct. 25: at N.L. Champion (n)
East W L T Pct PF PA
Jets 3 3 0 .500 133 141
N. England 3 3 0 .500 188 137
Miami 3 3 0 .500 120 117
Buffalo 3 3 0 .500 137 192
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 5 1 0 .833 173 115
Indianapolis 2 3 0 .400 100 145
Tennessee 2 4 0 .333 114 204
Jacksonville 1 4 0 .200 65 138
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 5 1 0 .833 161 118
Cincinnati 3 3 0 .500 149 163
Pittsburgh 2 3 0 .400 116 115
Cleveland 1 5 0 .167 134 163
West W L T Pct PF PA
Denver 3 3 0 .500 170 138
San Diego 3 3 0 .500 148 137
Oakland 1 4 0 .200 87 148
Kansas City 1 5 0 .167 104 183
East W L T Pct PF PA
Giants 4 2 0 .667 178 114
Phila. 3 3 0 .500 103 125
Washington 3 3 0 .500 178 173
Dallas 2 3 0 .400 94 119
South W L T Pct PF PA
Atlanta 6 0 0 1.000 171 113
Tampa Bay 2 3 0 .400 120 101
Carolina 1 4 0 .200 92 125
New Orleans 1 4 0 .200 141 154
North W L T Pct PF PA
Chicago 4 1 0 .800 149 71
Minnesota 4 2 0 .667 146 117
Green Bay 3 3 0 .500 154 135
Detroit 2 3 0 .400 126 137
West W L T Pct PF PA
San Fran. 5 2 0 .714 165 100
Arizona 4 2 0 .667 110 97
Seattle 4 3 0 .571 116 106
St. Louis 3 3 0 .500 110 111
San Francisco 13, Seattle 6
Washington at Giants, 1
Jets at New England, 4:25
Arizona at Minnesota, 1
Green Bay at St. Louis, 1
Baltimore at Houston, 1
Dallas at Carolina, 1
New Orleans at Tampa Bay, 1
Cleveland at Indianapolis, 1
Tennessee at Buffalo, 1
Jacksonville at Oakland, 4:25
Pittsburgh at Cincinnati, 8:20
Open: Atlanta, Denver, Kansas City, Miami, Philadelphia, San Diego
Detroit at Chicago, 8:30 PRO BASKETBALL
All Times EDT
(Best-of-5) (x-if necessary)
Oct. 14: Indiana 76, Minnesota 70
Wednesday: Minnesota 83, Indiana 71
Friday: Indiana 76, Minnesota 59
Sunday: at Indiana, 8 p.m.
x-Wednesday, Oct. 24: at Minnesota, 8 p.m.
x-Sporting KC 17 7 8 59 40 26
x-Chicago 17 10 5 56 45 39
D.C. 16 10 6 54 49 40
New York 15 9 8 53 54 46
Houston 13 8 11 50 45 38
Columbus 14 11 7 49 40 40
Montreal 12 15 5 41 45 50
Philadelphia 10 15 6 36 35 37
New England 7 17 8 29 37 44
Toronto FC 5 20 7 22 35 60
x-San Jose 19 6 7 64 69 40
x-Real Salt Lake 17 11 5 56 46 35
x-Seattle 14 7 11 53 48 31
x-Los Angeles 15 12 5 50 56 45
Vancouver 11 12 9 42 35 40
FC Dallas 9 12 11 38 39 42
Colorado 9 19 4 31 40 50
Portland 7 16 9 30 32 55
Chivas USA 7 17 8 29 22 54
x- clinched playoff berth
Saturday’s Games
Montreal at Toronto FC, 1:30 p.m.
Sporting Kansas City at New York, 7 p.m.
Chicago at New England, 7:30 p.m.
Philadelphia at Houston, 7:30 p.m.
Columbus at D.C. United, 7:30 p.m.
Colorado at Chivas USA, 10:30 p.m.
Toronto 107, Knicks 88
Philadelphia 106, Brooklyn 96
Orlando 112, Indiana 96
Chicago 92, Minnesota 81
Oklahoma City 107, Phoenix 97
Sacramento vs. L.A. Lakers at Las Vegas
Golden State at Portland
Sea Island Resort, Seaside Course
Purse: $4 million
Yardage: 7,005; Par: 70
Second Round
Arjun Atwal. . . . . . . . . . .67-63—130 -10
Davis Love III . . . . . . . . .65-66—131 -9
Jim Furyk. . . . . . . . . . . .66-65—131 -9
Bud Cauley . . . . . . . . . .62-70—132 -8
David Toms . . . . . . . . . .65-67—132 -8
Gavin Coles . . . . . . . . . .67-65—132 -8
Michael Thompson. . . . . .65-68—133 -7
Brian Gay. . . . . . . . . . . .65-68—133 -7
D.J. Trahan. . . . . . . . . . .66-67—133 -7
Chad Campbell. . . . . . . .66-67—133 -7
Mathew Goggin. . . . . . . .67-66—133 -7
Greg Owen. . . . . . . . . . .64-69—133 -7
Vijay Singh. . . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -6
Charles Howell III. . . . . . .66-68—134 -6
Jason Day . . . . . . . . . . .67-67—134 -6
Martin Flores. . . . . . . . . .65-69—134 -6
Assumption 44, S. Connecticut 0
Syracuse 40, UConn 10
Ursinus 36, Susquehanna 0 A.P. TOP 25 SCHEDULE
All Times EDT
No. 1 Alabama at Tennessee, 7 p.m.
No. 3 Florida vs. No. 9 South Carolina, 3:30 p.m.
No. 4 Kansas St. at No. 17 West Virginia, 7 p.m.
No. 5 Notre Dame vs. BYU, 3:30 p.m.
No. 6 LSU at No. 20 Texas A&M, Noon
No. 7 Ohio State vs. Purdue, Noon
No. 8 Oregon State vs. Utah, 10:30 p.m.
No. 10 Oklahoma vs. Kansas, 7 p.m.
No. 11 Southern Cal vs. Colorado, 6 p.m.
No. 12 Florida State at Miami, 8 p.m.
No. 13 Georgia at Kentucky, 7 p.m.
No. 14 Clemson vs. Virginia Tech, Noon
No. 15 Mississippi St. vs. Mid. Tennessee, 7 p.m.
No. 16 Louisville vs. USF, 3:30 p.m.
No. 18 Texas Tech at TCU, 3:30 p.m.
No. 19 Rutgers at Temple, Noon
No. 21 Cincinnati at Toledo, 7 p.m.
No. 22 Stanford at California, 3 p.m.
No. 23 Michigan vs. Michigan St., 3:30 p.m.
No. 24 Boise State vs. UNLV, 3:30 p.m. N.F.L. INJURY REPORT
REDSKINS: OUT: S Brandon Meriweather
(knee). DOUBTFUL: WR Pierre Garcon
(foot). QUESTIONABLE: CB Cedric Griffin
(hamstring), CB David Jones (Achilles), S
Jordan Pugh (head), P Sav Rocca (right
knee), RB Darrel Young (hamstring).
PROBABLE: NT Barry Cofield (shoulder),
TE Fred Davis (knee), CB DeAngelo
Hall (knee), DE Doug Worthington
(calf). GIANTS: OUT: DT Rocky Bernard
(quadriceps), S Kenny Phillips (knee), RB
Da'Rel Scott (knee), LB Jacquian Williams
(knee). QUESTIONABLE: LB Michael
Boley (hip), RB Ahmad Bradshaw (foot).
PROBABLE: RB Andre Brown (concussion),
WR Hakeem Nicks (foot, knee), CB Corey
Webster (hand, hamstring).
JETS: DOUBTFUL: DT Kenrick Ellis
(knee), DT Sione Po'uha (low back),
RB Bilal Powell (shoulder), S Eric Smith
(knee). QUESTIONABLE: WR Clyde Gates
(shoulder), C Nick Mangold (ankle), RB
Joe McKnight (ankle). PROBABLE: WR
Stephen Hill (hamstring), TE Dustin Keller
(hamstring), WR Jeremy Kerley (finger), S
LaRon Landry (heel), G Brandon Moore
(hip), LB Calvin Pace (shoulder), QB Mark
Sanchez (low back), LB Bart Scott (toe),
G Matt Slauson (knee), LB Bryan Thomas
(hamstring).: PATRIOTS OUT: RB Brandon
Bolden (knee), S Steve Gregory (hip),
LB Tracy White (foot). QUESTIONABLE:
DT Ron Brace (back), S Patrick Chung
(shoulder), WR Julian Edelman (hand), TE
Rob Gronkowski (hip), TE Aaron Hernandez
(ankle), LB Dont'a Hightower (hamstring),
G Logan Mankins (calf, hip), G Nick
McDonald (shoulder), S Sterling Moore
(knee), T Sebastian Vollmer (back, knee),
WR Wes Welker (ankle). PROBABLE: DT
Kyle Love (knee).
Sky 72 Golf Club, Ocean Course
Purse: $1.8 million
Yardage: 6,364; Par: 72 (36-36)
First Round
Suzann Pettersen. . . . . . . .33-30—63 -9
Karin Sjodin . . . . . . . . . . .32-32—64 -8
Ha-Neul Kim. . . . . . . . . . .33-33—66 -6
Ai Miyazato. . . . . . . . . . . .32-34—66 -6
Hyun-Hee Moon. . . . . . . . .34-32—66 -6
Azahara Munoz. . . . . . . . .35-31—66 -6
So Yeon Ryu. . . . . . . . . . .33-33—66 -6
Yani Tseng. . . . . . . . . . . .34-33—67 -5
Mina Harigae . . . . . . . . . .33-35—68 -4
Karine Icher . . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Hyo Joo Kim. . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Catriona Matthew. . . . . . . .33-35—68 -4
Angela Stanford. . . . . . . . .33-35—68 -4
Lexi Thompson . . . . . . . . .32-36—68 -4
CK Sportcenter Kockelsheuer
Singles Quarterfinals
Daniela Hantuchova, Slovakia, d. Lourdes
Dominguez Lino, Spain, 7-5, 6-0. Monica
Niculescu, Romania, d. Lucie Hradecka,
Czech Republic, 6-0, 6-4. Andrea Petkovic,
Germany, d. Ksenia Pervak, Kazakhstan,
6-3, 6-2. Venus Williams, United States, d.
Roberta Vinci (1), Italy, 7-6 (2), 6-4.
Olympic Stadium
Men Quarterfinals
Malek Jaziri, Tunisia, d. Lukas Rosol,
Czech Republic, 7-6 (5), 6-3. Andreas
Seppi (2), Italy, d. Tatsuma Ito (8),
Japan, 6-2, 6-1. Ivo Karlovic, Croatia, d.
Edouard Roger-Vasselin, France, 7-6 (4),
6-3. Thomaz Bellucci (4), Brazil, d. Jerzy
Janowicz, Poland, 6-4, 7-6 (3).
Women Quarterfinals
Caroline Wozniacki (3), Denmark, d.
Dominika Cibulkova (5), Slovakia, 6-2, 6-7
(1), 6-1. Sofia Arvidsson, Sweden, d.
Maria Kirilenko (7), Russia, 6-3, 6-3. Sam
Stosur (1), Australia, d. Klara Zakopalova,
Czech Republic, 6-1, 6-3. Ana Ivanovic (4),
Serbia, d. Vesna Dolonc, Serbia, 6-4, 6-1. TENNIS
Wiener Stadthalle
Singles Quarterfinals
Gilles Muller, Luxembourg, d. Paolo
Lorenzi, Italy, 6-3, 6-4. Janko Tipsarevic
(2), Serbia, d. Aljaz Bedene, Slovenia, 6-2,
4-2, retired. Juan Martin del Potro (1),
Argentina, d. Marinko Matosevic, Australia,
6-2, 6-2. Grega Zemlja, Slovenia, d.
Tommy Haas (3), Germany, 6-4, 4-6, 6-2.
San Francisco ab r h bi bb so avg.
Pagan cf 5 0 0 0 0 1 .261
Scutaro 2b 4 1 1 0 0 0 .429
Sandoval 3b 4 2 2 1 0 1 .286
Arias 3b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Posey c 4 0 1 0 0 2 .167
Pence rf 4 1 0 0 0 2 .105
Belt 1b 3 0 0 0 1 2 .214
G.Blanco lf 2 1 0 0 2 1 .133
B.Crawford ss 4 0 1 2 0 2 .235
Zito p 2 0 1 1 0 1 .500
S.Casilla p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
A.Huff ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .250
Romo p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 33 5 6 4 3 12
St. Louis ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jay cf 4 0 1 0 0 0 .238
Beltran rf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .333
Holliday lf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .190
Craig 1b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .125
Y.Molina c 4 0 2 0 0 0 .350
Freese 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .263
Descalso 2b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .222
Kozma ss 2 0 0 0 1 1 .250
Lynn p 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
J.Kelly p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
S.Robinson ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Rosenthal p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Boggs p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Schumaker ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Mujica p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 33 0 7 0 1 8
San Francisco 000 400 010—5 6 0
St. Louis 000 000 000—0 7 1
E—Lynn (1). LOB—San Francisco 5, St Louis 7. 2B—Craig (1), Freese (2). HR—
Sandoval (2), off Boggs. RBIs—Sandoval (4), B.Crawford 2 (4), Zito (1). SB—Belt (1), Beltran (1). S—Zito. DP—San Francisco 1
San Francisco ip h r er bb so np era
Zito W1-0 7
6 0 0 1 6 115 0.00
S.Casilla Í/¯
0 0 0 0 1 7 0.00
Romo 1 1 0 0 0 1 21 0.00
St. Louis ip h r er bb so np era
Lynn L0-1 3
4 4 0 2 6 66 4.91
J.Kelly 1
1 0 0 0 1 12 0.00
Rosenthal 2 0 0 0 0 4 27 0.00
Boggs 1 1 1 1 1 1 24 3.38
Mujica 1 0 0 0 0 0 7 0.00
T—3:03. A—47,075 (43,975).
Army 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sacred Heart 2
Boston College 5 . . . . . . . UMass 4, OT
Buffalo St. 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Penn St. 0
St. Lawrence 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . Maine 0
Bowling Green 3 . . . . . . . . . Colgate 1
Ohio St. 1 . . . . . . . . . . Quinnipiac 1, OT
Providence 1 . . . . . . Miami (Ohio) 1, OT
RPI 3 . . . . . . . . Minn. St., Mankato 3, tie
Lake Superior St. 2 . . . . . . Bemidji St. 0
Ferris St. 7 . . . . . . . . . . . Mercyhurst 3
Michigan St. 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Niagara 2
Notre Dame 4 . . . . . . . . Minn. Duluth 1
Michigan 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bentley 3
Neb.-Omaha 5 . . . . . . . . . N. Michigan 2
W.Michigan 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Canisius 1
Michigan Tech 5. . . . . . . . . Minnesota 3
St. Cloud St. 8 . . . . . . . . Ala.-Huntsville 3
FAR WEST Colorado College 6 . . . . . . . . Air Force 2
North Dakota 5 . . . . Alaska-Anchorage 0
In an unexpected twist to a long-
running drama, N.F.L. Commission-
er Roger Goodell recused himself
Friday from his role overseeing the
appeals of four players suspended in
the New Orleans Saints bounty
scandal. Goodell’s predecessor, Paul Ta-
gliabue, a lawyer, will instead hear
the appeals of Scott Fujita, Jonathan
Vilma, Anthony Hargrove and Will
Smith on Oct. 30. The four can play
until the appeals are decided.
Goodell said in a statement that
he decided to recuse himself — an
action the N.F.L. Players Associa-
tion requested —“to bring this mat-
ter to a prompt and fair conclusion.”
In the collective bargaining agree-
ment, the commissioner’s office is
given the right to hand out discipline
and hear appeals in cases involving
conduct detrimental to the league,
or to appoint another person to de-
cide appeals. Goodell has designat-
ed others to hear appeals before, but
he has been the face —and the iron
fist — of the case.He has already
twice considered appeals to the pun-
ishments that were originally hand-
ed down in the spring. The league’s handling of the in-
vestigation into the case has drawn
harsh criticism and strong push-
back from the players involved, in-
cluding their taking their pleas for
relief to federal court. On Friday,
Jimmy Kennedy, a player the N.F.L.
identified as having informed a
coach that he had been told there
were bounties, said in a statement
that the league was lying. A few
hours later, the league announced
that Goodell was stepping aside.
Vilma was suspended for the 2012
season,and Smith was barred for
four games for their supposed roles
in the bounty program, which the
N.F.L. says was a system in which
players were offered money if they
injured opponents. Fujita, now with
the Cleveland Browns, was origi-
nally suspended three games, a pun-
ishment Goodell subsequently re-
duced to one game. Hargrove, a free
agent, had his suspension reduced
from eight games to seven.
Players, with the union’s support,
have complained that Goodell
abused his power and was biased
and that they could not receive from
hima fair hearing of their appeals. A
federal judge in New Orleans, con-
sidering a defamation case filed by
Vilma against Goodell, has indicated
that she might agree.
“Commissioner Goodell’s belated
recognition that he cannot possibly
serve as an impartial and unbiased
arbitrator is certainly a positive de-
velopment,” Vilma’s lawyer, Peter
Ginsberg, said. “Having said that,
we now need to learn whether Com-
missioner Tagliabue plans to pro-
vide to us the fundamental rights
that Commissioner Goodell ignored,
including the right to examine the
accusers and to see the evidence,
and also we need to consider that
Commissioner Tagliabue is counsel
to the law firm representing Com-
missioner Goodell in Jonathan’s def-
amation lawsuit as well as Jona-
than’s challenge to the N.F.L.’s en-
tire process in this matter.”
In a statement, the N.F.L.said
Goodell consulted with the players
union’s leader,DeMaurice Smith,
before deciding to let Tagliabue take
over. The move could serve three
purposes: it could allay the judge’s
concern about the players receiving
a fair internal appeal, it blunts the
judge-and-jury argument against
Goodell,and it could allow the
league to save face if Tagliabue de-
cides to reduce the suspensions. Goodell said in the statement that
he would have no role in the hearing
or in Tagliabue’s decision.
“Paul Tagliabue is a genuine foot-
ball authority whose tenure as com-
missioner was marked by his thor-
ough and judicious approach to all
matters,” Goodell said. Tagliabue was one of Goodell’s
mentors, but it is no certainty that he
will rubber-stamp Goodell’s deci-
sions. He will undoubtedly make his
decision with an eye on the courts,
whose involvement the N.F.L. would
prefer to avoid.
Tagliabue is well regarded by New
Orleans fans;he was instrumental in
persuading the Saints’ owner, Tom
Benson, not to move the team in the
wake of Hurricane Katrina.
Tagliabue to Hear Appeals in Bounty Case
The preseason calendar is shrink-
ing, the tuneups growing more crit-
ical and ever more revealing. The
Nets may be a long way from estab-
lishing a firm
identity, but it is
coming into fo-
As expected, they can score. As
expected, they may have difficulty
Deron Williams, Joe Johnson and
Brook Lopez combined for 63 points
Friday night, but the Nets lost their
second straight game, falling,106-96,
to the Philadelphia 76ers at Barclays
Thaddeus Young eluded the Nets’
defense all night, scoring 24 points
for Philadelphia. Dorell Wright add-
ed 18 points, and the 76ers shot 49.4
percent from the field. They also ou-
trebounded the Nets (49 to 41) and
outplayed them down the stretch,
turning a 1-point game into a 10-
point margin in the final three min-
“We just got some things to work
on, man,” Williams said, adding:
“We’ve only been together for three
weeks. You hope things jell faster
than they do. But who says they
won’t?Sometimes it just clicks.”
Lopez led the Nets with another
strong performance,with 23 points
and 9 rebounds. Williams had his
best game of the preseason, scoring
22 points. Johnson, after a sluggish
start, finished with 18.
Friday’s game was one of two
chances the Nets had left to test
themselves before the regular sea-
son, so Coach Avery Johnson treat-
ed it like a real game. He shortened
the rotation, stuck with veterans and
rode his starters to the final minute. The Nets close out the preseason
on Wednesday against the Knicks
and will not play again until the Nov.
1 season opener against the Knicks.
“In a normal N.B.A. season, I have
a pretty good gauge on what we’re
dealing with somewhere around that
20-game mark,” Avery Johnson said.
“We’re not there yet. So we got some
work to do.” But, he added, “I was
really encouraged by some of the
things that I saw tonight.”
Chastened by a 30-point rout at
the hands of the Boston Celtics a
night earlier, the Nets returned to
the court with a clear picture of their
flaws. Johnson viewed the rout as a
teachable moment. The starting unit
was better Friday, racing to an early
7-point lead. Lopez was especially
active, with 10 points, 4 rebounds
and a block by halftime.
Gerald Wallace, the starting small
forward, spent most of his night at
power forward, to match the 76ers’
small lineup (specifically Young).
That left Kris Humphries (13 min-
utes) on the bench most of the night.
“When teams are small at the four
position to start games, we’ve his-
torically had problems,” Johnson
If this was Johnson’s rotation, it
was a bad sign for MarShon Brooks,
the Nets’ onetime sixth man. Brooks
was the 11th man off the bench Fri-
day and did not play until the third
quarter. He did play some critical
minutes in the fourth and finished
the game with 6 points, 3 rebounds
and 2 assists in 11 minutes.
For now, Johnson prefers the de-
fensive-minded Keith Bogans over
the offensive-minded Brooks as his
first shooting guard off the bench.
Bogans played 11 minutes of the first
half, helping to contain Nick Young
(5 points).
Brooks missed a week of training
camp, and three preseason games,
with foot tendinitis, and he is still
catching up. The Nets also need de-
fense more than scoring, and Brooks
can be an indifferent defender.
Brooks did get some good news
before tip-off, when the Nets picked
up his option for the 2013-14 season.
“It’s the right decision,” Johnson
said. “He’s a young guy;he’s tal-
ented, still trying to find his way this
year. Obviously, the foot injury set
him back a little bit. But it’s the right
thing to do.”
Guard Joe Johnson shooting over three Philadelphia defenders. He finished with 18 points.
Defensive Problems Clear in Nets’ Loss 76ERS 106
No Formula One Race
In New Jersey for 2013
Fans of Formula One who expected
to watch open-wheel racing on the
streets of Weehawken and West
New York, N.J., will have to wait an-
other year.
The organizers of the Grand Prix
of America, who hoped to stage a
race along the Hudson River wa-
terfront in 2013, with the skyscrap-
ers of Manhattan just beyond, have
decided to push their plans back a
year. The postponement was first re-
ported by The Jersey Journal.
Race organizers have been work-
ing on the logistics of the race and
also on locating investors to help pay
Fever Take Lead in Finals
Shavonte Zellous scored a career-
high 30 points to help the host Indi-
ana Fever beat the Minnesota Lynx,
76-59, in Game 3 of the
nals. The Fever’s lead of 70-33 with 1
minute 58 seconds left in the third
quarter was the largest lead by any
team in W.N.B.A.finals history.
Tamika Catchings added 17 points,
and Erlana Larkins had 10 points
and 15 rebounds for the Fever, who
took a 2-1 lead in the series and can
clinch their first title at home Sun-
day night. Rebekkah Brunson, who
scored 12 points, was the only Min-
nesota player to reach double fig-
ures. (AP)
¶ Mavericks forward Dirk Nowitzki
had arthroscopic surgery on his
right knee and is not expected to re-
sume on-court activity for about six
weeks. Dallas opens the regular sea-
son in 11 days. Nowitzki, 34, had ex-
perienced swelling in the knee for
most of the preseason. He had had
the knee drained twice since train-
ing camp started Sept. 29. (AP)
More Games Canceled
The N.H.L. wiped out the third week
of the regular season as the lockout
dragged on, leaving little wiggle
room if the league hopes to play a
full 82-game schedule. A day after
the league turned down three coun-
terproposals from the players union,
it canceled 53 games. A total of 135
games through Nov. 1 have been
scratched. The N.H.L. says that an 82-game
schedule could be played if the sea-
son begins by Nov. 2, but that a deal
must be reached by Thursday for
that to happen. (AP)
Syracuse Beats UConn
Alec Lemon had eight catches for
166 yards,Jerome Smith had a ca-
reer-high 133 rushing yards,and
Syracuse beat visiting Connecticut,
40-10, to spoil Huskies Coach Paul
Pasqualoni’s return nearly eight
years after he was fired by the Or-
ange.Pasqualoni’s firing after the
2004 season came only three weeks
after the university’s chancellor,
Nancy Cantor,gave him a public
vote of confidence to return for the
final year of his contract. Instead,
the new athletic director,Daryl
Gross, fired him after Syracuse’s 51-
14 loss to Georgia Tech in the
Champs Sports Bowl.A loss for Syr-
acuse (3-4, 2-1 Big East) on Friday
not only would have been embar-
rassing, but also would have made
reaching a bowl game a daunting
task with five games left. (AP)
Venus Williams Advances
Venus Williams beat top-seeded Ro-
berta Vinci of Italy, 7-6 (2), 6-4, to
reach the semifinals of the Luxem-
bourg Open. Playing in her first
tournament since struggling with a
back problem at the United States
Open, Williams will face Andrea Pet-
kovic of Germany, who defeated
Ksenia Pervak, 6-3, 6-2. The other
semifinalists are Daniela Hantucho-
va and Monica Niculescu. (AP)
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lis, then working for the label,for
two more records, “Go See the
World” and “Surrendered.” All that, as well as the start of
the annual Vision Festival in
1996, brought new attention to the
culture around the free jazz scene
in New York and to Mr. Ware’s
music.His headlining gigs in
New York became more frequent,
and the documentation of his
changing bands kept pace.From
2001 onward he recorded 10
records for Aum Fidelity, the la-
bel owned by Mr. Joerg, including
an album-length version of Mr.
Rollins’s 1958 “Freedom Suite.” Mr. Ware developed kidney
failure in the late 1990s and un-
David S. Ware, a powerful and
contemplative jazz saxophonist
whose career began in the early
1970s but who did not make a sig-
nificant name for himself until 20
years later when he helped lead a
resurgence of free jazz in New
York,died on Thursday in New
Brunswick, N.J. He was 62.
The cause was complications
of a kidney transplant in 2009,
said Steven Joerg, Mr. Ware’s
manager and record producer.
The musical world in which Mr.
Ware traveled has few breakout
stars, but he was one. In 1995 a
review of his album “Cryptology”
received the lead slot in Rolling
Stone, which rarely reviews jazz
albums. In 2001, after the release
of his album “Corridors & Paral-
lels,” Gary Giddins of The Village
Voice called Mr. Ware’s quartet
“the best small band in jazz to-
Mr. Ware was a large man with
a big sound. Among his influ-
ences were the breadth of tone
Sonny Rollins could invest in a
single note and the ferocity John
Coltrane could put into a hundred
of them.He wrote his own music,
performed some jazz and pop
standards (“Yesterdays,” “Angel
Eyes,” even “The Way We
Were”) and sometimes impro-
vised within standard harmony.
But for the most part he played
less conventionally, planning his
strategies and diving in deeply. “I’m not interested in chord
changes,” he said in a recent in-
terview for a short film produced
by the David Lynch Foundation.
“I don’t need that. I work on con-
He could roar, and he could un-
settle. One landmark of his re-
cording career was “Flight of i,”
from his album of the same name
in 1992: the piece is one unbro-
ken, tremulous, nearly five-
minute tenor saxophone cry, a
feat of circular breathing. Still, he
insisted that his music not be
mistaken for aggression or pain.
He practiced yoga and medita-
tion from his early 20s on and
said he sought a state of balance
from which he could observe in-
tense emotional states.
David Spencer Ware was born
in Plainfield, N.J.,on Nov. 7, 1949,
and grew up in nearby Scotch
Plains. He started playing alto
saxophone at the age of 10, and
music soon became his primary
focus.By 14 he was making trips
with friends into Manhattan to
hear jazz in nightclubs.
After he introduced himself to
Mr. Rollins at a gig, the two prac-
ticed together in Mr. Rollins’s
Brooklyn apartment. The two de-
veloped a bond. Mr. Rollins
taught Mr. Ware circular breath-
ing techniques, and later talked
with himabout Eastern religion. “We were close,” Mr. Rollins
said in a telephone interview on
Friday. “He was a very conscien-
tious young fellow.”After gradu-
ating, Mr.Ware switched to tenor
saxophone, his main instrument
thereafter. He studied at the Ber-
klee College of Music in Boston in
the late 1960s, and during that pe-
riod met the pianist Cooper-
Moore and the drummer Marc
Edwards, with whom he per-
formed through much of the
1970s in the free-jazz group Apo-
gee. He later looked back on that
time and described himself as an
“avant-garde purist”; instead of
building solos, he said in 1991:
“I’d come out just blasting. I’d
come out like I was coming out of
a cannon.” In 1973 Mr. Rollins invited Apo-
gee to open for himat the Village
Vanguard. “I got a lot of mean
looks from my fans in the club,”
Mr. Rollins said in on Friday. By 1973 Mr. Ware had moved to
New York,where he became part
of the SoHo loft-jazz scene.He
performed and recorded with the
pianist and composer Cecil Tay-
lor and also collaborated with
some of the new jazz’s better
drummers, including Andrew
Cyrille,Beaver Harris and Mil-
ford Graves.
By the late 1980s Mr. Ware was
recording as a leader, but he was
still not well known outside cer-
tain small circles. Through that
period and into the 1990s, while
living in Scotch Plains with his
wife,Setsuko S. Ware,who sur-
vives him,he drove a cab in New
York to make ends meet. Mr. Ware is also survived by
his sister, Corliss Olivia Farrar.
In 1991 Mr. Ware began record-
ing for the Japanese label DIW.
Through a temporary licensing
arrangement in the 1990s, his
DIW album “Flight of i” was re-
leased in the United States by Co-
lumbia Records.In 1997 he was
signed outright to Columbia by
the saxophonist Branford Marsa-
derwent self-administered dialy-
sis for almost a decade; by 2009 a
transplant was required to save
his life. Mr. Joerg made a plea to
Mr. Ware’s fans and friends, and
one, Laura Mehr, offered hers. The operation was that May,
and Mr. Ware performed again in
October, unaccompanied, at the
Abrons Arts Center on the Lower
East Side. That concert was re-
corded and quickly released by
Aum Fidelity as “Saturnian (Solo
Saxophones, Vol. 1).” Four more
albums followed before his death,
ending with “Live at Jazzfestival
Saalfelden 2011,” from his final
performance, in Austria in Au-
gust of last year.
David S. Ware,Adventurous Saxophonist, Dies at 62
David S. Ware in New York in 2009 after a kidney transplant.
Influenced by Rollins
and Coltrane but
going his own way.
Slater Martin, the Hall of Fame
guard whose playmaking and de-
fensive brilliance helped take the
Minneapolis Lakers to four
N.B.A. championships in the
league’s first decade, died on
Thursday in Houston. He was 86.
His death was announced by
the University of Texas, for which
he starred in the 1940s.
In the era before the 24-second
shot clock, the Lakers dominated
pro basketball behind the
N.B.A.’s biggest attraction, center
George Mikan. Their front line
also featured the rugged Vern
Mikkelsen and the agile Jim Pol-
lard.The Lakers player who put
everything in motion was the
5-foot-10-inch Martin, a sparkling
passer and a quick and pesky de-
fender, the archetype of today’s
point guard.
Martin played for Lakers
teams that captured the N.B.A.
championship in 1950 and then
won three consecutive titles,
from 1952 to 1954. He played on
his fifth N.B.A. championship
team with the St. Louis Hawks in
Martin appeared in the N.B.A.
All-Star Game every year from
1953 to 1959 and was inducted into
the Basketball Hall of Fame in
Springfield, Mass., in 1982.
The Lakers prized Martin for
his ability to defend against star
guards like the Davies-Wanzer
backcourt of the Rochester
Royals and the Sharman-Cousy
tandem of the Boston Celtics.
“All they expected of me was to
hold Bob Davies or Bobby Wan-
zer or Bill Sharman or Bob Cousy
to 12 points,and then we’d win
the game,” Martin told Charles
Salzberg in the 1987 oral history
“From Set Shot to Slam Dunk.”
“If I got 6 or 8 points extra, I was
home free. Besides, they found
out I could pass.”
Whitey Skoog, who played with
Martin in the Lakers’ backcourt
on their three consecutive title
teams, recalled in an interview
Friday that Martin “was very
confident, very aggressive, and
he played defense hard.” “A lot of teams had their of-
fense centered on the guards,”
Skoog added,“but the Lakers
were centered up front with
Mikan, Pollard and Mikkelsen.
Martin was a good shooter, but
he didn’t do much shooting.”
Slater Nelson Martin, some-
times known as Dugie, a boyhood
nickname deriving from the
“Mutt and Jeff” comic strip, was
born on Oct. 22, 1925, in Elmina,
Tex.,near Houston,the son of a
railroad stationmaster, and grew
up in Houston. He played on two
Texas state championship teams
at Jefferson Davis High School in
Houston, but at only 5 feet 7 inch-
es and 130 pounds he was an un-
likely college prospect.
Undeterred, he hitchhiked to
Austin for a tryout at the Uni-
versity of Texas and made its
1943-44 team. But after playing in
only a few games, he joined the
Navy. While serving in the Pa-
cific during World War II, he
grew to 5-foot-10.
When he returned to Texas in
1946, Martin starred as one of the
team’s three quick guards,
known as the Orange Mice or the
Mighty Mice,who ran weaves
until Martin or one of his team-
mates got open for a one-handed
push shot.
Martin led Texas to the semi-
finals of the N.C.A.A. tournament
in 1947 and set a Longhorns
record by scoring 49 points
against Texas Christian. Soon af-
ter joining the Lakers in 1949, he
became one of their key players.
The Lakers traded Martin to
the Knicks before the 1956-57 sea-
son, but the Knicks sent him to
the Hawks in December. While
continuing to play at guard, Mar-
tin coached the Hawks for eight
games that season between the
head-coaching tenures of Red
Holzman and Alex Hannum.
Martin teamed with Bob Pettit
and Cliff Hagan to bring the
Hawks franchise its only N.B.A.
championship, a six-game vic-
tory over the Celtics in 1958.
Martin and Cousy confronted
each other three times in the
N.B.A. finals during Martin’s
time with the Hawks.
Cousy could take advantage of
bigger guards who weren’t too
quick, but Martin gave him trou-
ble. “Slater was the only one I
used to call for help on,” Cousy
was once quoted as saying by“I used to tell my big
people to set picks as often as
they felt like it." Martin retired after the 1959-60
season, having been among the
N.B.A.’s top 10 players in assists
six times while averaging 9.8
points a game. He coached the
Houston Mavericks of the Ameri-
can Basketball Association in
1967-68 and for part of the follow-
ing season.
Martin, who lived in Houston
and had owned a restaurant
there, is survived by his sons,
Slater and Jim, and one grand-
child. His wife, Marjorie, known
as Fay, died in 1995.
The season after Martin re-
tired, the Minneapolis Lakers
were no more, having moved to
Los Angeles. But in April 2002,
the Los Angeles Lakers honored
Martin and the other surviving
stars from the Minneapolis years
in a Staples Center ceremony.
Martin long relished the aura
of the rough-and-tumble, old-time
N.B.A.“Guys would knock you if
you went into the lane,” he told
The Houston Chronicle in 1999.
But Martin could dish it out
when it came to someone more
his size, even an immense talent
like the 6-foot-1-inch Cousy, who
dazzled with his dribbling.
“Cousy could do all that stuff,
going behind his back and every-
thing, but of course they let him
get away with palming the ball,”
Martin said. “But he went behind
his back on me, and I told him
that if he did that again, that I
would break his nose. He didn’t
do it again.”
Slater Martin, 86, Pesky Hall of Fame Guard for Lakers ASSOCIATED PRESS
Slater Martin driving for the
St. Louis Hawks against the
Cincinnati Royals in 1959.
Asparkling passer, a
quick defender and a
5-time N.B.A. champ.
Frank Moore Cross, an influ-
ential Harvard biblical scholar
who specialized in the ancient
cultures and languages that
helped shape the Hebrew Bible
and who played a central role in
interpreting the Dead Sea
Scrolls, died on Tuesday in Roch-
ester. He was 91.
The cause was complications
of pneumonia, family members
“When you walked into his
classes, you felt you were on the
frontier of knowledge in the
field,” said Peter Machinist, who
studied under Dr. Cross as an un-
dergraduate at Harvard and now
holds the endowed professorship
there that Dr. Cross had held un-
til his retirement in 1992. “What-
ever happened in the field would
come to him first, before it got
published, because people want-
ed to know what he thought.”
Dr. Cross grew up in Birming-
ham, Ala., the son of a Protestant
minister. After earning a divinity
degree, he went to Johns Hopkins
University in Baltimore and be-
came one of the most prominent
students of William F. Albright,
whose work is part of the founda-
tion of biblical archaeological
studies. The field was shaken in 1947 af-
ter a Bedouin goatherd stumbled
across ancient scrolls in a cave
west of the Dead Sea. More
scrolls were eventually found in
other caves near the site of an an-
cient settlement called Qumran,
and many people believed that
they would reveal new insights
into the Bible. Mr. Albright and some of his
students were among a small
group of scholars given exclusive
access to the scrolls. Dr. Cross
was given responsibility for Cave
No.4, and he published his find-
ings in “The Ancient Library of
Qumran and Modern Biblical
Studies” in 1958.
Mr. Albright, writing that year
in The New York Times, praised
his student’s work as an “au-
thoritative survey on the bearing
of the Dead Sea Scrolls on the Bi-
“It is now demonstrated,” he
wrote, “that there were many dif-
ferent Hebrew versions of such
books as Exodus, Deuteronomy,
Samuel, Kings, etc., and that the
uniformity of medieval Hebrew
manuscripts is chiefly the result
of careful editing by Jewish rab-
bis in the first two centuries A.D.” But the scrolls were a continu-
ing source of debate. Some schol-
ars disagreed with Dr. Cross’s in-
terpretations — or revised them
through newer archaeological
work — while others were critical
of him and his colleagues for not
sharing their access to the scrolls
and publishing them more quick-
ly in their entirety. Some suggest-
ed that the scholars were with-
holding material that could be
sensitive to one religious group
or another. (This concern proved
largely unnecessary after the
documents were eventually pub-
lished in their entirety.) Criticism over the delays, led
by Hershel Shanks, the founder
and editor of Biblical Archaeolo-
gy Review, crested in the 1990s.
But on the publication’s Web site,
Bible History Daily, Mr. Shanks
wrote on Thursday: “All this con-
cerning the scrolls was a blip that
fades into insignificance with the
passage of time. Frank’s schol-
arly achievements have had a ra-
diating and lasting influence.”
In 1994, Mr. Shanks published a
book-length series of interviews
with Dr. Cross. “The more light we can shed
on crucial moments in the history
of our religious community — or
on the birth of Western culture, to
speak more broadly — the bet-
ter,” Dr. Cross said of the scrolls
in the interview. “The longer and
more precise our memory is, the
more civilized we are.”
Dr. Cross studied culture, reli-
gion and politics of the period in
which the Hebrew Bible, or Old
Testament, was written and re-
vised, and he traced the ways dif-
ferent nations and cultures had
translated its early texts. He also
traced the evolution of ancient
script and developed expertise in
dating documents by the slight-
est shifts in writing style.
“That we know that a partic-
ular scroll comes from 100 B.C.
and not 50 A.D. is almost entirely
due to the study of the scripts
and their development that he
worked out,” Mr. Machinist said.
“That may seem like a trivial
point, but if you don’t have a
sense of when these texts are
dated, you have no sense of their
historical importance.”
Once, several colleagues said,
after carbon dating confirmed
dates that he had established
through script analysis, Dr. Cross
joked that he was happy to hear
that his script studies had vali-
dated the practice of carbon dat-
Frank Moore Cross Jr. was
born on July 13, 1921, in Ross,
Calif. (He dropped the Jr. after
his father died.) His family
moved to Alabama when he was
a young boy. He graduated from
Maryville College in Tennessee
and received a divinity degree
from McCormick Theological
Seminary in Chicago and a doc-
torate from Johns Hopkins. At his death he was emeritus
Hancock professor of Hebrew
and other Oriental languages at
Harvard, where he had super-
vised the doctoral work of more
than 100 students. “There are very few areas in
which you do not meet with
Frank Cross,” said Jack M. Sas-
son, a biblical scholar at Vander-
bilt University, who did not study
under Dr. Cross. “If you do not
meet with Frank Cross, you meet
with one of his students who had
ideas he had launched.” Dr. Cross is survived by his
daughters, Susan Summer, Ellen
Gindele and Rachel Cross, and
six grandchildren. His wife of
more than 60 years, the former
Elizabeth Anne Showalter, died
in 2009. Dr. Cross often sequestered
himself in his study at home until
late into the night.
“He was very intense, and we
would just kind of tiptoe by the
study,” Ms. Gindele recalled. “My
mother liked to say you could feel
the wheels turning and not to
bother him.”
Frank Moore Cross, Biblical Scholar, 91
Frank Moore Cross on an ex-
pedition to Ashkelon, Israel. BLAIR—Ellen Lopin,born July
18,1933,died October 18,2012
after a short illness.Beloved
wife of William Granger Blair.
Stepmother to Laura and
Robert Blair and devoted
aunt to Abby,Jeremy,and
Carol Nash.In lieu of flowers
please donate to the Solo
Competition of the Oratorio
Society of New York,1440
Broadway,23rd Floor,New
York,NY 10018.
wife of John [New York,NY],
died October 18,2012,after a
long illness.Her husband was
at her bedside.Susi was born
in Goeppingen,Germany,and
grew up in Tuttlingen on the
upper Danube.The daughter
of an outspoken anti-Nazi,
who was officially labeled po-
litically unreliable,Susi and
her mother lived in straitened
circumstances during World
War II.Nevertheless,she be-
came a gifted fencer and at
age 16 won the women's foil
championship of the state of
Wuerttemberg.For several
years she was an antiquarian
book dealer specializing in
children's and illustrated
books and was well known
and popular on the antiquari-
an book fair circuit in New
York and New England.She
was equally at home in her
lovely garden at Pond Hill
Cottage in Columbia County,
NY,where she spent sum-
mers for thirty-four years,un-
til illness overtook her.Susi
was much loved by all who
knew her.She will be missed.
FRANKEL—Paul David.A
wonderful man has left us too
soon.Paul's many interests
opened others'eyes to beau-
ty,fun and adventure.His
generosity inspired us to fol-
low suit.Our love goes out to
Ava and the Fruhlings.
Laurie Disick and Family
JACOB—Jerry R.The Board
of Directors of the Police Ath-
letic League mourn the loss
of their long-time member.
His extraordinary interest and
generosity on behalf of 40,000
PAL youngsters was unfailing
and deeply appreciated.Our
deepest sympathies to his
wife,Phyllis and family.Jerry
will be missed by all his
friends at PAL.
Robert M.Morgenthau,
PAL Chairman
Robert J.McGuire,
PAL Vice-Chairman
John B.Osborn,
PAL President
KOPPEL—Florence,age 95,
died in Bronx,NY on October
18,2012.Devoted wife of the
late Herbert Koppel;loving
mother of Andrew,Richard,
and Mildene;adoring grand-
mother of Adam,Alison and
Heather;cherished sister of
Julia Price and the late Ros-
alie Moselman;beloved aunt
and great-aunt to numerous
nieces and nephews;and
dear friend to so many won-
derful people.Funeral service
Sunday,October 21,2012 at
10:15am at the Riverdale Jew-
ish Center,3700 Independence
Avenue,Bronx,NY.To be fol-
lowed by burial at the Hun-
garian Union Field Cemetery,
LEWIS—Jonathan Samuel
Jonathan Samuel Lewis,25,a
resident of New York City
and Westport,Connecticut,
died suddenly on Wednesday,
October 17,2012 in Manhat-
tan.Jon was a graduate of
Fairfield Country Day School,
Staples High School,and Pace
University.Jon had many
interests - from sports and
movies to books,art and
travel;but above all,Jon was
a true believer in the human
spirit,passionate about the
environment and the world
we live in.Born in Hong Kong
on November 3,1986,our
beloved Jonathan is survived
by his parents Peter and Joan
Lewis,as well as his younger
brother Daniel,two older
brothers,Zachary and Greg,
and his sisters Alexandria and
Jacqueline.In addition to his
loving and close family,Jon's
absence will leave a great
void in the lives of his many
friends.A Memorial Service
will be held this Sunday,Octo-
ber 21st,in Westport at 1pm
at the family home.Email
for details.In lieu of flowers
or gifts,donations can be
made to the Bill and Melinda
Gates Foundation - or
the Clinton Foundation –
Shaughnessey Banks Funeral
Home,50 Reef Road in Fair-
field,CT is in charge of the
services.To send an online
condolence,please visit
parted on October 12th.
Beloved husband of Ranjit,
father of Jaideep and grand-
father of Sandeep,you came
like an Angel into our lives
and departed so suddenly.
We miss you so much and
will never forget you.
Your loving family & friends
MILLET—Marion - Born Octo-
ber 31,1927,wife of David D.
Millet.Retired school teacher.
Civic leader.Parent of Robin
Lubell (Mrs.Ned) Shankman,
Jay ( Marilyn ) Lubell,Steven
(Claudia) Lubell and Holly
(Mrs.Adam) Logan.Beloved
sister of Paula (Dr.Samuel
O.Their).Leaves behind six
grandchildren and one great-
service Sunday 11:30am at
New Montefiore Cemetery.
For info go to:www.jewish-
NOYES—Jose Wentworth,son
of the late Julius Wentworth
Noyes and Rosita de Tejada
Noyes,died in New York City
on October 18th,2012 at age
75.He is survived by his
beloved wife of 43 years Gigi,
dear sons Jose Jr.and Pren-
tiss and nephew William.A
lifelong resident of New York
City,Mr.Noyes graduated
from the Browning School
and Columbia University.He
served as a lieutenant in the
United States Navy prior to
becoming a member of the
New York Stock Exchange in
1967.Known for his warmth
and charisma,he was loyal to
his family and friends and
dedicated to his many inter-
ests.Mr.Noyes served as the
President of the Buttonwood
Foundation and the St.Antho-
ny Educational Foundation.
He was an active member of
The Union Club,the Racquet
and Tennis Club,the Leash
Club,the Sharon Country Club
and the Holland Lodge.A his-
tory buff,he was also a
member of The Pilgrims,the
Society of Colonial Wars,
Squadron A and the Veteran
Corps of Artillery.An avid
sportsman,he was a member
of the Clove Valley Rod and
Gun Club.His love of music
was reflected in his support
of the Mannes College The
New School for Music.In lieu
of flowers,contributions may
be made to the Buttonwood
Foundation at 11 Wall Street,
New York,NY,10005 and the
St.Anthony Educational
Foundation at P.O.Box 4633,
Chapel Hill,NC 27515-4633.
His family will receive at
Frank E.Campbell's from 2-
5pm and 7-9pm on Monday,
October 22nd.Funeral ser-
vices will be held at the
Church of St.Vincent Ferrer
at 3:30pm on Tuesday,Octo-
ber 23rd.
PERSON—Ethel.The Board of
Directors and staff of the
Marion Kenworthy-Sarah
Swift Foundation mourn the
loss of Dr.Ethel Person.
Ethel was an esteemed and
trusted Board member and
colleague who approached is-
sues of child development
and mental health with great
sensitivity and intelligence.
We will miss her and extend
our deepest sympathy to her
The Board of Directors & staff
Kenworthy-Swift Foundation
QUINT—Ira.We note with sor-
row the passing of our mem-
ber Ira Quint and extend sin-
cerest condolences to his be-
reaved family.
Rabbi Peter J.Rubinstein and
President David B.Edelson,
Central Synagogue
of New York City
VOLOW—Gerald,age 90,of
NYC and Florida.Loving hus-
grandfather and step-grandfa-
ber 21,1:00pm at"The River-
side,"W 76th St.and Amster-
dam Ave.,NYC.In lieu of
flowers,send donations in the
memory of Gerald to The
Metropolitan Jewish Health
Aisenberg, Bernard
Barnett, Marilyn
Blair, Ellen
Buchanan, Susi
Frankel, Paul
Jacob, Jerry
Koppel, Florence
Lewis, Jonathan
Matulis, Jim
Millet, Marion
Noyes, Jose
Person, Ethel
Quint, Ira
Volow, Gerald
Wertz, Pierre
Zlatin, Albert
AISENBERG—Bernard,of New
York City and formerly of
New Rochelle,NY,peacefully,
on October 17,2012.President
of Rosedale Management
Company.With his partners,
he developed and built The
Coliseum Park Apartments lo-
cated at Columbus Circle in
New York City,as well as
many other apartment build-
ings.Lifelong supporter of the
ACLU and many other similar
causes.Beloved husband of
Michele,devoted father of
Elizabeth (Betty) and Robert
(Bob) and daughter-in-law
Kathy.Adored grandfather of
Danny,Alison,Jonathan and
James.Dear brother of Alan.
Service Sunday,October 21,
2012,11:15am at"The River-
side",76 St.and Amsterdam
Ave.Contributions in his
memory may be made to
MJHS Hospice,440 9th Ave,
14 Fl.,New York,NY 10013 or
The ACLU,125 Broad St.,
New York,NY 10004.
on October 19,2012.She is
survived by her loving hus-
band for 66 years,Albert.She
was beautiful and very talent-
ed as a singer.She graduated
from Queens College with a
degree in music.Later she
became a kindergarten teach-
er,where she was always
ready to lead the class in
singing.She will be missed by
her three children Larry,Hol-
ly and Jonathan and their
spouses and her five grand-
WERTZ—Pierre Andre.Age
70,died on August 9,2012 at
home in Leonia,NJ.Beloved
husband of the late Barbara.
Predeceased by brothers
John and George,beloved sis-
ter-in-law Olga,and niece
Cathy.Friends will celebrate
his life with a memorial ser-
vice and reception on Satur-
day,October 20,2012 at 11am,
at Church of the Heavenly
Rest,90th St.,and Fifth Ave.,
New York,NY.
ZLATIN—Albert.October 17,
1918 - October 17,2012.
Beloved father and father-in-
law of our sustaining mem-
bers,Marsha and Henry
Laufer.The wonderful cre-
ativity of your posters for ou
performances have lit up the
walls of our main lobby for so
many years.We waited with
great anticipation each fall to
see what new wonders you
would produce.We will think
of you,always,with love and
fond memories as each new
season begins.
Your friends at the
Staller Center for the Arts -
Stony Brook University
(April 22,1945 - September 22,
2012).A memorial service will
be held on October 22,2012 at
11amat TheBrickPresbyterian
Church,Park 91st St.,
Your power hasnot diminished
nor your influencefaded.We
carryon.All our Love,Mommy
SEIDEN—Howard.Time does
not lessen how much we miss
you.Your memory will live
forever;never to beforgotten.
Memorial Services
In Memoriam
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york, times, october, 2012, new, saturday
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