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The New York Times - Saturday, October 13, 2012

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VOL.CLXII..No. 55,923
©2012 The New York Times
Late Edition
Today,cool, sunshine, high 56. To-
night,increasing clouds, showers
later, low 50. Tomorrow,warmer,
breezy, periods of clouds, high 70.
Weather map appears on Page C10.
The 2012 prize celebrated the European
Union’s postwar integration even as a fi-
nancial crisis and political infighting
threaten to tear it apart. PAGE A9
INTERNATIONAL A4-10 Nobel Peace Prize for Europe
The Federal Trade Commission’s staff is
said to be ready to recommend the filing
of a lawsuit against Google on charges
of violating antitrust law. PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY B1-6 F.T.C. Move on Google Since the 1960s, Edward I. Koch, New
York’s feisty former mayor, has met
weekly with old friends to retell stories
and argue over where to eat. PAGE A17
Koch’s Saturday Lunch Bunch
Her neighborhood accent more notice-
able than ever, Barbra Streisand per-
formed at the Barclays Center and has
another concert on Saturday. PAGE C1
Queen of Brooklyn Returns
Gail Collins
Behind C.C.Sabathia, the Yankees advanced by defeating Baltimore, 3-1, in Game 5.In Wash-
ington, a late rally lifted the Cardinals to a series-clinching win over the Nationals.Page D1.
One Series Down for Yankees HAZART ALI BACHA/REUTERS
Pakistani children prayed Friday for Malala Yousafzai, 14, who was shot by the Taliban this week
for promoting education for girls. Officials said they had made several arrests. Page A5. Prayers and Tears for a Wounded Girl
WASHINGTON — Lost amid
the election-year wrangling over
the militants’ attack on the Unit-
ed States Mission in Benghazi,
Libya, is a complex back story in-
volving growing regional resent-
ment against heavily armed
American private security con-
tractors, increased demands on
State Department resources and
mounting frustration among dip-
lomats over ever-tighter protec-
tions that they say make it more
difficult to do their jobs. The Benghazi attacks, in which
the United States ambassador
and three other Americans were
killed, comes at the end of a 10-
year period in which the State
Department — sending its em-
ployees into a lengthening list of
war zones and volatile regions —
has regularly ratcheted up secu-
rity for its diplomats. The ag-
gressive measures used by pri-
vate contractors eventually led to
shootings in Afghanistan and
Iraq that provoked protests, in-
cluding an episode involving
guards from an American securi-
ty company, Blackwater, that left
at least 17 Iraqis dead in Bagh-
dad’s Nisour Square.
The ghosts of that shooting
clearly hung over Benghazi. Ear-
lier this year, the new Libyan
government had expressly
barred Blackwater-style armed
contractors from flooding into the
country. “The Libyans were not
keen to have boots on the
ground,” one senior State Depart-
ment official said. That forced the State Depart-
ment to rely largely on its own
diplomatic security arm, which
officials have said lacks the re-
sources to provide adequate pro-
tection in war zones. On Capitol Hill this week, Dem-
ocrats and Republicans sparred
at a House Oversight and Gov-
ernment Reform Committee
hearing over what happened in
Benghazi, whether security at
the mission was adequate, and
what — if anything — could have
been done to prevent the tragedy. But amid calls for more protec-
tion for diplomats overseas, some
current and former State Depart-
ment officials cautioned about
the risks of going too far.“The PRIVATE SECURITY
Armed Guards Curbed
— Diplomats Grew
More Frustrated
Continued on Page A10
The Honduran Air Force pilot did
not know what to do. It was the
dead of night, and he was chasing
a small, suspected drug plane at
a dangerously low altitude, just a
few hundred feet above the Ca-
ribbean. He fired warning shots,
but instead of landing, the plane
flew lower and closer to the sea. “So the pilot made a decision,
thinking it was the best thing to
do,” said Arturo Corrales,Hondu-
ras’s foreign minister, one of sev-
eral officials to give the first de-
tailed account of the episode. “He
shot down the plane.” Four days later, on July 31, it
happened again. Another flight
departed from a small town on
the Venezuelan coast, and using
American radar intelligence, a
Honduran fighter pilot shot it
down over the water.
How many people were killed?
Were drugs aboard, or innocent
civilians? Officials here and in
Washington say they do not
know. The planes were never
found. But the two episodes —
clear violations of international
law and established protocols —
have ignited outrage in the Unit-
ed States, bringing one of its
most ambitious international of-
fensives against drug traffickers
to a sudden halt just months after
it started.
All joint operations in Hondu-
ras are now suspended. Senator
Patrick J. Leahy of Vermont, ex-
pressing the concerns of several
Democrats in Congress, is hold-
ing up tens of millions of dollars
in security assistance, not just be-
cause of the planes, but also over
suspected human rights abuses
by the Honduran police and three
shootings in which commandos
with the United States Drug En-
forcement Administration effec-
tively led raids when they were
only supposed to act as advisers.
The downed aircraft, in partic-
ular, reminded veteran officials of
an American missionary plane
that was shot down in 2001 by Pe-
ruvian authorities using Ameri-
can intelligence. It was only a
matter of time, they said, before
another plane with the suppos-
edly guilty turned out to be filled
with the innocent.
But the clash between the Oba-
ma administration and lawmak-
ers had been building for months.
Fearful that Central America was
becoming overrun by organized
crime, perhaps worse than in the
worst parts of Mexico, the State
Department, the D.E.A. and the
Pentagon rushed ahead this year U.S. Rethinks Antidrug Efforts
After Deadly Turn in Honduras
Shootings Cast Doubt on Using War Tactics
Continued on Page A8
In Missouri, a perennial swing
state with a deeply divided elec-
torate, it has long been one of the
politically delicate calculations a
candidate can make.
The question is not what posi-
tion to take on abortion, econom-
ic stimulus or health care, though
those issues have all proved
thorny enough. It is how to pro-
nounce the state name: “Mis-
souree” or “Missouruh”
Gov. Jay Nixon, a Democrat
who is running for re-election,
has endured accusations of flip-
flopping for using both phrasings
at a virtual one-to-one ratio,
sometimes in the same sen-
tences, a trait that prompted a
former spokesman to call him
“oratorically ambidextrous.”
His opponent, Dave Spence, a
Republican businessman, said he
is more consistent, exclusively
using the Missouree pronuncia-
tion. But the campaign has also
hedged: a biographical video fea-
tures his wife saying “he’s going
to be a great governor for the
state of Missouruh.”
Senator Claire McCaskill, a
Democrat in one of the most
closely watched Senate races,
typically uses Missouree in her
advertisements. But when out-
side conservative groups spon-
sored attack ads in February, her
campaign responded with spots
that use the other pronunciation.
The campaign of Todd Akin, Missouree? Missouruh? To Be Politic, Say Both
Continued on Page A12
The job title is soigneur, an ele-
gant sounding name for the per-
son on a professional cycling
team who is assigned some
unglamorous work: massaging
the muscles of the cyclists, laun-
dering their clothes, booking
their hotel rooms and preparing
their food. Discretion and loyalty
are also part of the job.
For Emma O’Reilly, a young,
onetime electrician from Dublin,
the chance in 1996 to be a soi-
gneur for the United States Post-
al Service cycling team was an
extraordinary opportunity. She
had raced some as a teenager in
Ireland, and served as an assist-
ant on that country’s national cy-
cling team. But the Postal Service
team was a rising power, with its
sights set on the Tour de France.
In short order, however, it be-
came clear to Ms. O’Reilly that
her tasks with the team would
hardly be limited to kneading leg
muscles and doing laundry. In an
interview this week, Ms. O’Reilly
said she became a regular player
in the team’s doping program,
one that investigators have
charged took on its most sinister STEVE FORREST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Emma O’Reilly was a mas-
seuse for Lance Armstrong.
Armstrong Aide
Talks of Doping
And Price Paid
Continued on Page A3
BOSTON — One pharmacist
said she quit because she was
worried that unqualified people
were helping prepare dangerous
narcotics for use by hospitals. A
quality control technician said he
tried to stop the production line
when he noticed that some labels
were missing, but was overruled
by management. A salesman said
he and his colleagues were
brought into the sterile lab to
help out with packaging and la-
beling during rush orders, some-
thing they were not trained for.
They all used to work at Ameri-
dose, a drug manufacturing com-
pany with many of the same own-
ers as the New England Com-
pounding Center, the pharmacy
at the center of a national in-
vestigation into a meningitis out-
break now in 12 states.
State and federal health offi-
cials say they have no reason to
believe that Ameridose sent out
contaminated products, and have
not recalled any. But regulators
asked the company on Wednes-
day to suspend production to al-
low them to conduct an on-site in-
vestigation, because their inquiry
“includes concerns for quality
and safety across the corporate
entity,” the Massachusetts De-
partment of Public Health said.
Paul Cirel, a lawyer represent-
ing Ameridose, declined to dis-
cuss the statements made by the
former employees. “What some
anonymous, maybe disgruntled,
ex-employees say to you that is
not said to us by the F.D.A. or any
regulator, I just can’t go there
right now,” he said. “If it becomes
a claim that a regulator puts to
us, then we will address it.” Mr. Cirel, of Boston-based Col-
lora L.L.P., added that the sus-
pension was voluntary and would
be in place until Oct. 22.
In all, eight former employees Ex-Workers Cite
Safety Concerns
At a Drug Firm
Continued on Page A15
The Obama administration’s
handling of the Libya attack has
opened a new front in the presi-
dential campaign just weeks
before the election. Republicans,
who had focused on the economy,
now see a chance to undercut
President Obama’s credibility
with the public on national
security. BY PETER BAKER
G.O.P. Seeks a Cudgel
In Action on Libya
Before the attack on the American
Mission in Benghazi, Libya, diplo-
mats sounded alarms about the
threat from Islamic extremists.
But requests regarding security
focused largely on the embassy in
Tripoli, not on the Benghazi com-
AlarmsFocused on Tripoli
Inside The Times
On Edge in Turkey
As Syria War Inches Closer
A journey through the borderlands
between Syria and Turkey finds that
the slow-boiling resentment over
the troubles wrought by Syria’s war
is a mere prologue to the danger
that lies ahead.
PAGE A4 Israel’s Secret Negotiations
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanya-
hu of Israel engaged in secret,
American-brokered discussions
with Syria in 2010 for a possible
peace treaty based on a full Israeli
withdrawal from the Golan Heights,
according to an Israeli who was in-
volved in the talks.
PAGE A4 Tepco Admits Failings
Tokyo Electric Power Company, the
operator of Japan’s stricken Fukush-
ima Daiichi nuclear power plant, ad-
mitted for the first time that it had
failed to take stronger measures to
prevent disasters for fear of inviting
lawsuits or protests against its nu-
clear plants.
PAGE A4 Talks Over Island Dispute
A senior Chinese diplomat made a
secret visit to Tokyo to hold talks
aimed at defusing tensions between
Japan and China over a group of dis-
puted islands, Japan’s top govern-
ment spokesman said.
PAGE A5 Russia Defends Syria Cargo
Russia’s foreign minister said that a
civilian Syrian jetliner impounded
by Turkey on suspicion of transport-
ing Russian military cargo illicitly to
Syria was carrying only compo-
nents for a radar station.
PAGE A6 Moscow Gay Bar Attacked
The police in Moscow were seeking
two dozen masked men who
stormed one of the city’s most popu-
lar gay bars and beat patrons —
most of them women — with fists
and bottles.
PAGE A6 Violent Clashes in Egypt
Islamist supporters of Egypt’s new
president clashed with his more sec-
ular opponents as demonstrations in
Tahrir Square devolved into a battle
of fists, rocks and Molotov cocktails.
PAGE A6 Call for Laureate’s Freedom
Mo Yan, the new Nobel laureate who
strenuously avoided antagonizing
the Communist Party during much
of his literary career, called for the
release of Liu Xiaobo, the impris-
oned writer and fellow Nobel winner
who is serving an 11-year sentence
for subversion.
PAGE A9 New Details in Poison Case
Gu Kailai, the wife of Bo Xilai, the
disgraced Chinese politician, was
told by a doctor that she had been
ingesting poison that someone had
slipped into herbal capsules, a law-
yer said.
Cracks in Voter Databases
Found in Two States
Computer security experts have
identified vulnerabilities in the voter
registration databases in two states,
raising concerns about the ability of
hackers and others to disenfran-
chise voters.
PAGE A11 Obama’s Debate Style
Democrats praised the vice presi-
dent’s debate performance, which
Republicans roundly criticized, but
said the president would face Mitt
Romney in his own style.
PAGE A13 Resistance to Oil Pipeline
As bulldozers churn up a 50-foot-
wide path for the southern leg of the
Keystone XL oil pipeline in East
Texas, a small group of environmen-
tal activists has taken to the tower-
ing trees in its way.
PAGE A14 Older Homecoming Queen
At 42, Heidi Hansen has good reason
to be back in college — a nursing de-
gree and the prospect of a new ca-
reer — but she is a little surprised to
find herself in the running for home-
coming queen.
PAGE A14 Shuttle Set for Retirement
The Space Shuttle Endeavour rolled
out of Los Angeles International Air-
port for what has been dubbed “Mis-
sion 26”: a two-day crawl through
urban streets to retirement at the
California Science Center 12 miles
PAGE A14 Mayor, 91, Admits Stealing
A small Alabama town is struggling
to understand how its 91-year-old
mayor stole $201,000 in taxpayer
funds over the past three years
without being caught.
Soda Industry Sues to Stop
City’s Restrictions on Sales
The American soft-drink industry,
joined by several New York restau-
rant and business groups, filed a
lawsuit that aims to overturn com-
ing restrictions on sales of large sug-
ary drinks at many dining locations
in the city.
PAGE A19 Mayor’s Marriage Donation
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg of
New York donated $250,000 this
month to support an effort in Mary-
land to do what no state has done so
far: legalize same-sex marriage at
the ballot box.
Barbara Blum, 82
Ms. Blum found homes for hundreds
of mentally disabled people after
their mistreatment at the Willow-
brook State School became a nation-
al scandal in the 1970s.
Turning Point for Suits
Over Chinese Drywall
Decisions in state and federal courts
in recent weeks involving a major
manufacturer of Chinese-made dry-
wall could mark a turning point for
thousands of American homeown-
ers who claim the drywall made
them sick.
PAGE B1 JPMorgan Earnings Rise
Jamie Dimon, JPMorgan Chase’s
chief executive,trumpeted the
bank’s strong earnings built on a
surge in mortgage lending, which
may bode well for the rest of the in-
dustry, with the bank recording a
$5.7 billion profit, up 34 percent.
PAGE B1 Colleges’ Hard Landings
College and university endowment
returns for the most recent fiscal
year, which ended June 30, are start-
ing to roll in. And in many cases,
they warrant a grade of C at best,
and in some cases, an F, writes
James B. Stewart.Common Sense.
PAGE B1 Wells Fargo Posts Profit
Wells Fargo reported $4.9 billion in
profit for the third quarter, a 22 per-
cent jump largely led by a booming
mortgage business, with the bank,
based in San Francisco, continuing
to churn out record profit, having re-
ported 11 straight quarters of gains
in net income.
PAGE B2 I.M.F. Sees Slowing Growth
World economic growth is faltering,
the International Monetary Fund
said, as it forecast that most of the
large developed economies would
either shrink this year or grow at
paltry rates of 2 percent or less.
Floyd Norris, Off the Charts.
PAGE B3 Moving With Advisers
Financial advisers move from in-
vestment firm to investment firm all
the time, but that does not mean
their clients should move their
money, too, writes Paul Sullivan.
Wealth Matters.
Quarterback’s Turnaround
Mirrors the 49ers’
Alex Smith was 19-31 as a starter in
his first six N.F.L. seasons, but is
17-4 in regular-season games in his
second year under Coach Jim Har-
baugh of the 49ers, a stunning ca-
reer resurrection that mirrors the
changed fortunes of his team.
Coach Faces His Protégé
In a Big East clash, Paul Pasqualoni,
the football coach at Connecticut,
faces his protégé, Steve Addazio, the
second-year coach at Temple, for the
first time.
Algerian Chaabi Musicians
Cross Religious Divides
A reunion of Muslim and Jewish
Chaabi musicians from Algeria has
led to concerts and a new film, “El
Gusto,” and it bewitched an audi-
ence of 900 in the outdoor courtyard
of the Museum of the Art and Histo-
ry of Judaism in Paris.
PAGE C1 Show of Palestinian Art
The troubled Rose Art Museum at
Brandeis University chose a politi-
cally outspoken Palestinian artist
for its first show from outside the
museum’s collection since 2008.
PAGE C1 Preaching and Converting
Set in a tomorrow recognizably root-
ed in today, A.R. Gurney’s “Her-
esy,” at the Flea Theater, spins a
story of a modern-day Christ figure.
A review by Ben Brantley.
PAGE C3 Flashy Moves and Stomping
The final Fall for Dance program
opened with Shen Wei’s too familiar
2003 take on “Rite of Spring.” Yet to
give indication of the direness that
followed, “Rite of Spring” was the
high point, writes Gia Kourlas.
An article on Thursday about
Russia’s refusal to renew the
Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat
Reduction Program, a hugely
successful 20-year partnership
with the United States to safe-
guard and dismantle nuclear and
chemical weapons in the former
Soviet Union, misspelled the sur-
name of a deputy foreign min-
ister who announced the Russian
position. He is Sergey Ryabkov,
not Ruabkov.
An article on Thursday about
President Obama’s nomination of
Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr., the
assistant commandant of the Ma-
rine Corps, as the top American
and NATO commander in Af-
ghanistan, misstated, in some
editions, the number of American
commanders there since the start
of the war in October 2001. If con-
firmed, General Dunford would
be the sixth, not the fifth. NEW YORK
Because of an editing error, an
article on Thursday about how
Brooklyn has changed since Bar-
bra Streisand lived there mis-
identified in some copies the loca-
tion of Kiev, where Bella Glass,
an immigrant who works in a deli
and is a fan of the singer, emi-
grated from in 1976. It is in
Ukraine, not Russia. OBITUARIES
An obituary on Thursday about
Sam M. Gibbons,a 17-term Dem-
ocratic congressman from Flor-
ida, referred incorrectly to John
F. Kennedy’s 1960 presidential
campaign in Florida, which Mr.
Gibbons managed. Kennedy nar-
rowly lost to Richard M. Nixon
there; he did not win the state.
Talking about it
made me feel like I was be-
ing disloyal in a sense, like
I was breaking the code.
Lance tried to make my
life a living hell.
EMMA O’REILLY, former aide to the United
States Postal Service cycling
team, on Lance Armstrong’s
role in what she described as a
long system of doping. [A3]
Gail Collins PAGE A21
SLIDE SHOW An examination of a
charity indicates that it left a trail of
unfinished projects and broken
promises in Haiti.
C6 Crossword
D8 TV Listings
C9 Weather
C10 Classified Ads D7 Religious Services A16 Commercial Real Estate Marketplace B2 Errors and Comments: or call
or fax (212) 556-3622.
Public Editor: Readers dissatisfied
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the paper’s journalistic integrity can
reach the public editor,Margaret
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
and far-reaching dimensions
with the arrival of Lance Arm-
strong in 1998. Ms. O’Reilly, then
not yet 30, said she wound up
transporting doping material
across borders, disposing of
drugs and syringes when the au-
thorities were lurking, and dis-
tributing performance-enhancing
substances to the team’s riders
whenever they needed them.
Discretion and loyalty, she said
she came to understand, were not
just valued qualities. They were
paramount. “It was prevalent, but dis-
creet,” Ms. O’Reilly said of the
team’s doping. “The drugs were
just part and parcel of things. You
didn’t analyze it at the time. It
was just part of things.”
And so, she said, she once trav-
eled from France to Spain and
back to pick up illegal pills for Mr.
Armstrong and delivered them to
him in a McDonald’s parking lot
outside Nice. Another time, she
said, she took a package of tes-
tosterone and got it in the hands
of another rider.
Ms. O’Reilly said she provided
ice to the riders who had contain-
ers full of doping materials they
needed to keep from spoiling. She
spoke of using her talents with
makeup to disguise bruising on
the arms of the riders from nee-
Some of it made her ashamed,
she said, and all of it made her
anxious. But the truly hard part
was to come: talking about it
“The traumatizing part,” she
said in the telephone interview
from Manchester, England, “was
dealing with telling the truth.”
Ms. O’Reilly first went public
in 2003, when she was paid to co-
operate on a book, “L.A. Confi-
dentiel: Les Secrets de Lance
Armstrong,” that sought to ex-
pose Mr. Armstrong as a drug
cheat. Mr. Armstrong sued her
for libel. Ms. O’Reilly said Mr. Arm-
strong demonized her as a prosti-
tute with a drinking problem, and
had her hauled into court in Eng-
land. Ultimately, a legal settle-
ment was reached, and Ms.
O’Reilly tried to pick up her life,
sometimes talking about Mr.
Armstrong and drugs, but to little
Until now. This year Ms.
O’Reilly, 42, gave a sworn ac-
count of her years with the Postal
Service team to American doping
investigators. Her testimony,
along with that of more than two
dozen others, including many of
the cyclists Ms. O’Reilly worked
with on the team, is at the heart
of the United States Anti-Doping
Agency’s formal case against Mr.
Armstrong, one that seeks to bar
him from the sport forever.
“Talking about it made me feel
like I was being disloyal in a
sense, like I was breaking the
code,” Ms. O’Reilly said of her
early efforts to blow the whistle
on Mr. Armstrong. “Lance tried
to make my life a living hell.” Mr. Armstrong, over many
years now, has steadfastly denied
doping. Citing what he called a
witch hunt by American doping
authorities, he declined to defend
himself against the formal
charges that were made public
this week. He has refused to com-
ment on Usada’s case against
him — a brief that includes hun-
dreds of pages of accusations,
sworn affidavits, medical
records, test results and e-mail
“I have to admit,” Ms. O’Reilly
said, “I didn’t think it would come
out with so much detail like this.” It was Ms. O’Reilly’s brother
who introduced her to cycling. In
her spare time she began taking
massage courses.
“It was just a hobby, really,”
Ms. O’Reilly said. “Then it just
escalated and escalated.”
Ms. O’Reilly worked with the
Irish national team and later with
an American-based cycling team.
Then, the Postal Service team
came knocking. She was initially
hired on a contract basis, as one
of the junior soigneurs.
From the start, Ms. O’Reilly
told investigators, it was appar-
ent that the team was involved
with doping. She said riders even
complained that the team was
not aggressive enough in its use
of banned substances.
She said she saw one rider fill a
syringe from a vial of clear liquid.
Another learned she was trav-
eling to Belgium, she said, and
asked her to pick up a package
for him. She was told to bring the
package directly to the rider,
George Hincapie, and to avoid
bringing it to the United States.
“It is testosterone, and you do
not want to transport it yourself,”
she said she was told.
Ms. O’Reilly said the use of the
drugs was rarely, if ever, openly
discussed by the riders them-
selves. And she said she tried to
feign ignorance or indifference.
And so, she said, she did not
ask questions when pictures
were removed from hotel room
walls, taking it to mean that rid-
ers were using the hooks on the
wall to hang their bags full of
helpful blood. When riders wor-
ried about their telltale bruises,
she said, she worked a little mag-
ic with makeup.
And she tried to keep a sense
of humor.
Ms. O’Reilly testified that
when the team was competing in
the Tour de France one summer,
and doping authorities were on
the prowl, she learned that
$25,000 worth of doping products
had been flushed down the toilet
of the Postal Service team’s bus
and discharged into a field not far
from a French village where a
time trial was taking place.
“I remember saying to one of
the other staff members that
$25,000 worth of doping products
probably does not make very
good fertilizer,” she said in her af-
fidavit, “and that the team should
come back to the field in a few
years to check out the grass.” Ms. O’Reilly said she was once
in a room giving Mr. Armstrong a
massage when he and officials on
the team fabricated a story to
conceal a positive drug test re-
sult. Ms. O’Reilly said Mr. Arm-
strong told her, “You know
enough to bring me down.” After resigning from the team
in 2000, Ms. O’Reilly was contact-
ed by journalists to talk about her
experiences, requests she said
she turned down for years be-
cause she was concerned about
being perceived as disloyal and
about the reactions of Mr. Arm-
strong and the team. But as the headlines about cy-
cling and the deaths of riders in-
creased, Ms. O’Reilly said she
changed her mind. Contacted by
David Walsh, a journalist, she
spoke out. Her comments were
published in “L.A. Confidentiel,”
written by Mr. Walsh and Pierre
Ballester. “By not saying anything,
you’re part of the problem,” she
said at the time.
Ms. O’Reilly said she was
slightly nervous before the publi-
cation of the interviews, but had
no idea that the retaliation from
Mr. Armstrong and others would
be so strong. Mr. Armstrong sued Ms.
O’Reilly and The Sunday Times
of London, which had excerpted
the book. The legal battle lasted
three years. “He was suing me for more
than I was worth,” Ms. O’Reilly
said. “I was worried he would
bankrupt me.” In the end, as part of a settle-
ment, The Sunday Times wrote
an apology.Ms. O’Reilly paid no
money, she said.
“Emma suffered from the law-
suit the most,” Mr. Walsh said in
an interview this week. “This
woman was an opponent of
Lance Armstrong and was com-
pletely vilified. Now, everyone
wants to know. But where were
they in 2004?”
Today, Ms. O’Reilly works as a
massage therapist at a clinic in
Manchester, England.
“Cycling isn’t part of my life at
all,” she said.
Or it wasn’t until the investiga-
tors took her statement this year.
The formal affidavit runs more
than 20 pages.
“Talking about it now opened
the wound a bit,” she said. “But I
think in the long run it will be
good, because something needed
to be done.” She added: “I wanted to clean
up cycling. There was intimida-
tion, bullying and stress.You try
and get on with your life. I was
only speaking the truth.”
Armstrong Aide Talks of Doping and Price Paid
Emma O’Reilly at home,
above, and tending Lance
Armstrong of the Postal Serv-
ice cycling team after the fifth
stage of the 1999 Tour de
France, the first Tour he won. From Page A1
‘Talking about it made me feel like
I was being disloyal
in a sense.’
Although federal prosecutors
abruptly abandoned a criminal
investigation related to doping
accusations against Lance Arm-
strong earlier this year, the re-
port released on Wednesday by
antidoping officials is likely to
create new legal issues for Arm-
The United States Anti-Doping
agency’s report, which amounted
to a damning depiction of Arm-
strong as a main conspirator in a
vast doping scheme,contended
that Armstrong repeatedly lied
under oath. That element of the
report is sure to revive attempts
by an insurer to recoup a $5 mil-
lion performance bonus it cov-
ered after Armstrong won the
Tour de France in 2004.
After promising Armstrong a
bonus, his United States Postal
Service team protected itself
against that potential financial li-
ability through a policy from SCA
Promotions, a company based in
Dallas that specializes in assum-
ing risks associated with prizes.
Because a French book detailed
allegations of doping against
Armstrong in 2004, SCA initially
balked at paying. After a pro-
tracted arbitration process, the
insurer ultimately agreed to set-
tle for $7.5 million in 2006. The ad-
ditional $2.5 million covered in-
terest as well as Armstrong’s le-
gal costs.
The antidoping agency said it
found Armstrong committed per-
jury during the SCA hearings by
making false statements about
his doping activities. At the time,
Armstrong attacked SCA and its
founder,Bob Hamman,as well as
witnesses, including some mem-
bers of the cycling community,
who testified for the company.
On Friday, Jeffrey M. Tillotson,
a lawyer in Dallas who repre-
sents SCA, said his client would
attempt to regain the $7.5 million
plus interest.“He basically said
that we were scum and how dare
we criticize him,” Tillotson said.
“So there is some measure of re-
lief that we can now say that he
didn’t get away with it forever
and, by the way, ‘You owe us $7.5
Armstrong has vehemently de-
nied doping throughout his ca-
reer. Timothy J.Herman, one of
his lawyers, said the terms of the
2006 settlement prevent S.C.A.
from reopening the case.
“The full and final release that
SCA signed put this to bed long
ago,” Herman wrote in an e-mail.
“SCA agreed it could never chal-
lenge or appeal the award any-
way or anyhow — ever.” Tillotson said Armstrong’s lies,
as outlined in the agency’s re-
port,had changed the under-
standing that was reached
through arbitration. He acknowl-
edged that any decision on re-
course will rest with an arbitra-
tor. The agency’s move to strip
Armstrong of his seven Tour de
France titles because of doping,
Tillotson said, will boost the com-
pany’s prospects of recovering
its money.
When asked about the possibil-
ity that Armstrong lied under
oath during arbitration with SCA,
Mark Fabiani, a spokesman for
Armstrong, did not directly ad-
dress the truthfulness of Arm-
strong’s testimony but said that
portions of the evidence that
three former teammates pro-
vided Usada appeared to contra-
dict sworn statements they made
during the SCAprocess.
The report also said Arm-
strong attempted to intimidate
witnesses and tried to get riders
to present false statements to the
agency.Fabiani said neither
Armstrong nor his lawyers had
been contacted regarding accu-
sations of witness intimidation
and called theminsignificant.
The doping case unveiled by
Usada is unlikely to renew an
earlier criminal investigation of
Armstrong related to doping. In
that case, federal prosecutors ex-
amined allegations of his doping
and doping-related crimes, in-
cluding defrauding the govern-
ment, drug trafficking, money
laundering and conspiracy. In
particular, investigators from the
Food and Drug Administration,
the F.B.I. and the United States
Postal Service, which sponsored
Armstrong’s team for several
years, looked into whether he
and his associates used govern-
ment money to finance doping.
André Birotte Jr., the United
States attorney for the Central
District of California, announced
in February that he had closed an
investigation into Armstrong. He
gave no reason for ending the in-
An inquiry by the Department
of Justice, however,is believed to
be continuing. Floyd Landis, one
of Armstrong’s former team-
mates, filed a federal whistle-
blower lawsuit charging that
Armstrong and the Postal Serv-
ice team management defrauded
the government by using taxpay-
er dollars to finance the squad’s
doping program.
Landis claimed Armstrong and
the team management were
aware of the widespread doping
on the team when its contract
with the Postal Service clearly
stated that any doping would
constitute default of their agree-
ment, said two people with
knowledge of the case. Those
people did not want their names
published because the case is un-
der seal.
Landis filed the lawsuit under
the False Claims Act, the people
with knowledge of the case said.
Those suits give citizens the right
to bring lawsuits on the govern-
ment’s behalf and provide finan-
cial incentives to do so.
If the government decides to
join the lawsuit and recovers any
money, Landis would be eligible
to receive a portion of it.
Armstrong has said Landis
made up the story of doping on
the team because he had not
been hired by Armstrong after
Landis ended his two-year sus-
pension for doping.
Fabiani, Armstrong’s spokes-
man, said Usada’s report was
flawed. He said Armstrong’s rep-
resentatives had seized on the
fact that all but one of the affida-
vits released by the antidoping
agency were signed after Arm-
strong decided in August not to
contest the doping charges.
“Not a single key witness was
willing to swear under oath until
they were absolutely sure that
there would be no adversarial
proceeding, until they were abso-
lutely sure that they would not be
subject to cross-examination, and
until they were absolutely sure
that their testimony would not be
impeached by third parties or by
special deals that the witnesses
had made with Usada,” Fabiani
wrote in an e-mail message.
Richard Young, the lead out-
side lawyer retained by the agen-
cy for the Armstrong case, said
that the timing of the affidavits
had nothing to do with the will-
ingness of witnesses to testify.
Young, a partner with the Bryan
Cave law firm, said the legal team
originally planned to have the
witnesses testify in person at an
arbitration hearing, in which case
affidavits would not be neces-
sary. But when Armstrong chose
not to contest the charges, forgo-
ing the arbitration process, the
agency collected the affidavits.
“We were going to be putting
them on the stand one after an-
other,” Young said. “It would
have been more powerful.”
He also dismissed Fabiani’s
suggestion that the witnesses
were now being untruthful, not-
ing the detail of their accounts as
well as the broad consistency
among them.
Tillotson, the insurance compa-
ny’s lawyer, made a similar ob-
servation. “You have to wonder:
is every person in the world lying
about Lance?” Tillotson said.
Report Could Open Armstrong to Legal Issues
An insurer could try to recover
a $5 million performance bo-
nus paid to Lance Armstrong.
Juliet Macur contributed report-
ing. A4
TOKYO — Tokyo Electric Power
Company, the operator of Japan’s
stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear
power plant, admitted for the first time
on Friday that it had failed to take
stronger measures to prevent disasters
for fear of inviting lawsuits or protests
against its nuclear plants. The company, called Tepco,made the
admission — over a year and a half after
catastrophic meltdowns at Fukushima
Daiichi — as part of a report in which it
showcased internal changes as the gov-
ernment considers when to allow other
reactors to resume operation, including
those at Tepco’s two undamaged nucle-
ar plants. But the admission, an appar-
ent bid to inspire confidence, also
seemed to confirm one of the main argu-
ments of the company’s critics: that it
refused to recognize and fix problems
because it did not want to jeopardize the
so-called safety myth that Japan’s nu-
clear technology was infallible.
The disaster followed an earthquake
and huge tsunami on March 11, 2011,
that knocked out crucial cooling sys-
tems, allowing three of the plant’s six
reactors to melt down.
In the report, Tepco said that before
the accident it had been afraid to con-
sider the risk of such a large tsunami,
fearing admissions of risk could result
in public pressure to shut plants down. “There were concerns that if new
countermeasures against severe acci-
dents were installed, concern would
spread in host communities that the
current plants had safety problems,”
the report said. The report also repeated Tepco’s po-
sition that it did not know such a large
tsunami was possible on the coast of
Fukushima, which faces the Pacific
Ocean. Tepco’s executives have argued
that because the tsunami was larger
than what some experts had predicted
to be possible, the accident should be
considered an act of nature for which
the company should bear no legal re-
sponsibility. The company has already admitted,
however, that even its own engineers
had predicted a far larger tsunami was
possible in Fukushima, a finding that
the company and regulators both chose
to ignore or not make public. The report on Friday was issued to
coincide with the first meeting of a pan-
el of outside experts, including a former
United States Nuclear Regulatory Com-
mission chairman, who will oversee im-
provements at the company’s nuclear
division. The company listed several
new measures to prevent severe acci-
dents, like creating more backup sys-
tems, better crisis management and a
corporate culture more willing to ac-
knowledge problems. All but two of the country’s 50 undam-
aged nuclear reactors remain idled as
the government works to convince the
public that they are safe. The govern-
ment has recently given conflicting sig-
nals about when those reactors might
be turned on, or even who could make
that decision. A newly created nuclear watchdog at
first seemed to say that no more plants
could be turned on until it drew up new
safety guidelines, a process that might
take until next year, but then seemed to
back off by saying that it did not have
the authority to do anything more than
issue guidelines. Last week, the trade minister, Yukio
Edano, said the new agency’s guide-
lines would be used to determine which
reactors could be turned back on, with-
out saying how long it would take to cre-
ate those new rules.
While the disaster, which spewed
large amounts of radioactive material
across northern Japan, helped strength-
en the anti-nuclear movement in the
country, many people see a resumption
of nuclear power as crucial to avoiding
further damage to Japan’s badly shaken
With its report, Tepco appeared to be
arguing that it had learned its lesson
from the accident, and listed new anti-
tsunami walls, backup power genera-
tors and other new safety steps it has
taken at its other plants. Besides the
Fukushima Daiichi plant, Tepco also op-
erates the Fukushima Daini plant, also
in Fukushima, as well as the world’s
largest nuclear plant, Kashiwazaki-
Kariwa in Niigata.
While saying the tsunami was unfore-
seeable, the report did say that Tepco
could have taken steps that might have
prevented the Fukushima accident, like
adding backup generators to keep cool-
ing systems operating. It also said it
failed to learn from foreign countries,
like the United States, which strength-
ened its nuclear plants against terrorist
attacks and accidents after the Sept. 11,
2001,attacks. Japan Power Company Admits
Failings on Plant Precautions
A nuclear operator cites a fear of lawsuits and
Makiko Inoue contributed reporting. By ISABEL KERSHNER
JERUSALEM — For several months
in 2010, Prime Minister Benjamin Ne-
tanyahu of Israel engaged in secret,
American-brokered discussions with
Syria for a possible peace treaty based
on a full Israeli withdrawal from the Go-
lan Heights. But the process was cut short by the
Arab Spring uprisings that swept the
Middle East in early 2011, soon spread-
ing to Syria, and the treaty did not come
to fruition, according to an Israeli, Mi-
chael Herzog, who was involved in the
“Nothing was agreed between the
parties,” Mr. Herzog said Friday. “It
was a work in progress.”
Yediot Aharonot, a leading Israeli
newspaper, first published details of the
American-led effort on Friday, and Mr.
Herzog, a former chief of staff to Israel’s
defense minister and an Israel-based
fellow at the Washington Institute for
Near East Policy, confirmed the out-
lines of the discussions. He said in a
telephone interview that he was called
in to help with the process in 2010, al-
though he had already retired from mil-
itary and government service. The contacts were mediated by Fred-
erick Hoff, who recently retired from
the United States State Department,
where he had served as a special coordi-
nator for Lebanon and Syria, and Den-
nis B. Ross, who was then a special as-
sistant to President Obama on the Mid-
dle East.
“There was a detailed list of Israeli
demands meant to serve as a basis for a
peace agreement,” said Mr. Herzog,
adding that they centered on security
arrangements and the regional context.
“The idea,” he said, “was to see if we
could drive a wedge in the radical axis
of Iran-Syria-Hezbollah” by taking Syr-
ia out of the equation. Next, he said, the
idea was to pursue peace with Lebanon.
But Mr. Assad apparently would not
give clear signals about his willingness
to split with Iran, his patron in the re-
gion. And Mr. Netanyahu was proceed-
ing cautiously, as well, distrustful that
Mr. Assad would deliver.
The negotiations never came to a
head. By early 2011 the region was in
upheaval and the talks fell apart. Raising one point of contention, Yedi-
ot Aharonot, which is generally centrist
but often critical of Mr. Netanyahu, said
that in exchange for a peace agreement,
the prime minister was prepared to
agree to a full withdrawal from the Go-
lan Heights, the strategic plateau that
Israel seized from Syria in the 1967 war
and later annexed in a move that has
not been internationally recognized. The prime minister’s office denied on
Friday that Israel had agreed to a with-
drawal. “This is one initiative of many that
was proposed to Israel in the past
years,” Mr. Netanyahu’s office said in a
statement. “At no stage did Israel ac-
cept this American initiative. The initia-
tive is old and irrelevant, and its publi-
cation now stems from political needs,”
apparently a reference to the fact that
both Mr. Obama and Mr. Netanyahu are
facing elections in the coming weeks
and months.
With Israeli elections expected in
January, it would not be in Mr. Netanya-
hu’s interest to be seen as having made
far-reaching concessions to Syria in the
absence of a deal. But it is not clear how
far Mr. Netanyahu might have gone in
the talks, since he did not reach the
point of having to make a decision. More than a year before those talks,
American officials were already appar-
ently trying to engage the Israelis and
the Syrians. In a press briefing in July
2009, a State Department spokesman,
Ian Kelly, told reporters that Mr. Hoff,
who then worked in the office of former
Senator George J. Mitchell, then Mr.
Obama’s special envoy to the Middle
East, was in Israel meeting with senior
officials, and after Israel, planned to vis-
it Damascus. “The visit is part of ongoing efforts by
senator, or special envoy Mitchell and
his team to secure a lasting, compre-
hensive peace in the region,” Mr. Kelly
The intensive contacts began in the
fall of 2010, presumably around the time
that Israel’s negotiations with the Pal-
estinians came to a standstill. Mr. Ne-
tanyahu and his defense minister, Ehud
Barak, were involved in the indirect dis-
cussions. The few Israeli officials and
experts privy to the talks were made to
sign a secrecy agreement. Israeli leaders, including Mr. Netan-
yahu, have explored the possibility of
reaching a deal with the Syrians in the
past, based on at least a partial with-
drawal from the Golan Heights, which
overlook northern Israel. During Mr.
Netanyahu’s first term in office in the
late 1990s, contacts with Syria took
place through Mr. Netanyahu’s envoy at
the time, the American businessman
Ronald Lauder. Former Prime Minister Yitzhak Ra-
bin conducted inconclusive negotiations
with the Syrians, as did Mr. Barak when
he was prime minister. Ehud Olmert,
Mr. Netanyahu’s predecessor as prime
minister, held indirect talks with Syria
through Turkish mediators; those talks
broke off when Israel opened an offen-
sive in Gaza in the winter of 2008. The denial by Mr. Netanyahu’s office
of any agreement on a full withdrawal
was reinforced by a former aide.
Dore Gold, who was an adviser dur-
ing Mr. Netanyahu’s first term in office,
specifically rejected the assertion in Ye-
diot Aharonot that Mr. Netanyahu had
agreed to withdraw all the way to the
eastern shoreline of the Sea of Galilee.
Mr. Gold said that in September 1996,
he personally secured an assurance
from the United States, under instruc-
tions from Mr. Netanyahu, that all pre-
vious Israeli statements regarding
readiness for a full withdrawal to that
line “have no political or legal standing.” Mr. Gold, who is now president of the
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, a
conservative-leaning research institute,
said that Mr. Netanyahu “has always
viewed the Golan Heights as a strategic
asset for the defense of Israel,” and that
it was “completely unthinkable that
Prime Minister Netanyahu would ever
contemplate the kind of withdrawal” de-
scribed by Yediot Aharonot on Friday.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanya-
hu faces elections in January. Secret Israel-Syria Peace Talks
Involved Golan Heights Exit
Discussions Broke Off With Start of Arab Spring
An attempt to drive a
wedge in the ‘radical axis
of Iran-Syria-Hezbollah.’
where people are feeling the heat. From
the start, there has been a slow-boiling
resentment over the tens of thousands
of refugees, the economic hardships and
the ethnic tensions wrought by the Syri-
an conflict. But those burdens now feel like a
troublesome prologue to the real danger
that lies ahead. Turkey has intensified
security measures in military zones, de-
ploying artillery and antiaircraft batter-
ies aimed at Syria. It has stationed F-16
fighter jets near the border, ready to
carry out airstrikes, should it come to
that. “It’s messed up now,” said Mehmet
Ali Mutafoglu, who runs his family’s
HACIPASA, Turkey — The men stood
at the road’s edge and watched the war
that is inching ever closer to home.
Amid the rumble of explosions, workers
picked cotton and red peppers in this
nook of Turkey’s fertile southwest.
“Since 6 this morning, they have been
pounding that village,” Enver Elmas, a
46-year-old farmer, said as Syrian gov-
ernment forces battled with rebels in
the village of Azmerin, just across the
narrow Orontes River. “We’re scared.
Our village is right by the border.”
Turkey and Syria share a meandering
border over 500 miles long,where in
places the villages seem to merge, fam-
ilies share their names and pedigrees, if
not their passports, and twisted olive
trees roll out over the hillsides. Here,
amid the quiet rhythms of rural life,
people are witnessing what for 19
months had been one of the gravest con-
cerns about the war next door: that it
would spill over the border, draw in
neighboring nations and, in a flash, be-
come a regional conflagration.
War, it becomes clearer by the day, is
inching closer to home.
Cross-border tensions were particu-
larly high on Friday, when Turkey
scrambled two fighter planes here after
reports that Syrian helicopters were at-
tacking Azmerin, raising fears of an-
other incursion in Turkish territory.
In a village on the outskirts of Akca-
kale, a five-hour drive from here
through hilly farmland carpeted with
cotton fields, mourners continued to fill
a funeral tent this week for five civilians
killed a week earlier by a Syrian mortar
shell, the first time the civil war brought
death inside Turkey, and the first time
Turkey’s military fired back into Syria.
Turkey’s top military officer, Gen. Nec-
det Ozel, visited the mourners on
Wednesday and, within earshot of tele-
vision cameras, leaned in toward a fam-
ily member and promised an even
stronger military response should the
cross-border attacks from Syria persist.
A journey through these borderlands
reveals a region increasingly on edge.
As Turkey’s leaders show less willing-
ness to play only a behind-the-scenes
role in aiding Syria’s rebels, it is here
multimillion-dollar textile business in
Gaziantep, a border city known for pis-
tachios and shopping centers that used
to attract busloads of Syrians. “People from Istanbul, from Ankara,
they don’t know what’s going on here,”
he said, echoing a familiar complaint up
and down the region.
Before the war, Mr. Mutafoglu in-
vested $40 million in two factories in
Syria that he said generated $25 million
in annual revenue. Now he fears his in-
vestment will be lost, along with the ties
that bound the two nations and brought
opportunity to both.
He said that he fully expected Turkey
to be dragged deeper into the fight, and
that the country should have done more
from the start to mediate the dispute.
He now pays 25 Syrian men to guard his
empty factories, and he relies on con-
nections with rebels and Syrian govern-
ment officials to ensure that they are
not destroyed in the fighting. He said
his brother was planning a dangerous
journey to Aleppo, with the help of
smugglers, to check on the facilities.
“It’s a $40 million investment,” he
said. “I can’t just let it go.”
This region benefited from the com-
mercial and cultural openings to Syria
under Prime Minister Recep Tayyip
Erdogan, whose Justice and Develop-
ment Party rose to power in 2002 and
began orienting the country away from
the West and toward the Arab world.
The opening to Syria was the center-
piece of that strategy. But now, with no
swift resolution to the conflict at hand,
few — not the local residents, not the
rebels — seem supportive of Turkey’s
approach to Syria. In another border city, Kilis, Mr.
Mutafoglu said that the price of food
and apartment rents had risen sharply
and that the local hospital was so full of
Syrians that there was sometimes no
room for residents.
No single road links these cities,
towns and villages stretching east and Continued on Page A6
On Edge as Syria’s War Knocks Ever Harder on the Door to Turkey
As two farmers picked cotton in Hacipasa, Turkey, on Wednesday, shelling could be heard and seen from the Syrian village in the distance.
In the borderlands,
troubles may be a mere
prologue to real danger.
RAWALPINDI, Pakistan —
The police said Friday that they
had made several arrests in con-
nection with the Taliban’s shoot-
ing of Malala Yousafzai, a 14-
year-old education activist who
was critically injured, but mil-
itant commanders in northwest-
ern Pakistan reiterated their in-
tention to kill the schoolgirl or
her father. After Friday Prayer, Prime
Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf vis-
ited Ms. Yousafzai’s family at a
heavily guarded military hospital
in the garrison city of Rawalpin-
di, where doctors were consider-
ing whether to send her abroad
for treatment. “The next 48 hours will be crit-
ical,” Mr. Ashraf told reporters.
Extremists targeted Ms. Yousaf-
zai, who was shot in the head
while riding in a school bus on
Tuesday in Mingora, because, he
said, “they were scared of the
power of her vision.” “She is the true face of Paki-
stan,” he added.
The interior minister, Rehman
Malik, said the authorities had
identified the two gunmen behind
the shooting, but they had not
been captured. Police officials in
the Swat Valley, where the attack
took place, said that they had
rounded up about 70 people for
questioning, including employees
of Ms. Yousafzai’s school and the
bus driver, and that some of them
had been formally arrested. Afzal Khan Afridi, the Mingora
police chief, declined to specify
the number of people arrested or
what role they were suspected of
playing in the shooting, saying he
said he did not want to endanger
the investigation. A 15-year-old girl who was
wounded alongside Ms. Yousaf-
zai described how easily the Tali-
ban had been able to attack the
school bus. “A young man in his
early 20s approached the bus and
asked for Malala,” the girl, Kainat
Riaz, said in an interview at her
family’s home in Swat. “Then he
started firing.” The fate of Ms. Yousafzai, who
has become a symbol of defiance
of the Taliban’s extremist ideol-
ogy, has gripped Pakistan. Televi-
sion stations have provided in-
tensive coverage of her medical
treatment, and leaders from
across the nation’s political and
religious spectrums have united
in condemning the attack. A senior official from Jamaat-
e-Islami, the country’s largest re-
ligious party, accompanied Mr.
Ashraf to the hospital. So did the
parliamentary leader of the sec-
ular Muttahida Qaumi Move-
ment, which dominates Paki-
stan’s largest city, Karachi. In an interview with CNN on
Thursday, the foreign minister,
Hina Rabbani Khar, described
the attack as a traumatic “wake-
up call” that could prove to be a
turning point in Pakistan’s war
against extremism. The army is directing efforts to
save Ms. Yousafzai, who is on a
ventilator. Government officials
have estimated her chances of
survival at 50 to 70 percent. Some analysts have speculated
that the army could leverage the
unusually strong criticism of the
Taliban in this case to begin a
new military operation in the
tribal belt, but others said the up-
roar would not ultimately lead to
a crackdown. The shooting embarrassed the
army because it had claimed to
have largely eliminated the Tali-
ban from the Swat Valley after a
major military operation in 2009.
Yet Ms. Riaz described how the
gunmen stopped their bus, which
was carrying about 16 students,
in the center of Mingora, which is
the valley’s main town and is
near a military checkpoint. Ms. Riaz, contradicting earlier
reports, she said that the attack-
ers were not masked and that the
gunmen did not board the bus,
but opened fire from outside after
identifying Ms. Yousafzai. A third student who was
wounded, Shazia Ramzan, is at a
hospital in Peshawar. Ms. Riaz
said that her family had left the
valley but returned after the 2009
military operation, and that she
had been studying for two years. “We were feeling good because
there was no sign of the Taliban,”
she said as two police officers
stood guard outside her home. Sirajuddin Ahmad, the spokes-
man for the Taliban in the Swat
Valley, said that Ms. Yousafzai
became a target because she had
been “brainwashed” into making
anti-Taliban statements by her
father, Ziauddin Yousafzai. “We warned him several times
to stop his daughter from using
dirty language against us, but he
didn’t listen and forced us to take
this extreme step,” he said.
Both father and daughter re-
main on the Taliban’s list of in-
tended victims, he said. Sana ul Haq contributed report-
ing from Mingora, Pakistan, and
Ismail Khan from Peshawar, Pa-
kistan. Taliban Reiterate Vow to Kill Pakistani Girl
The Pakistani police inspected the school bus that was attacked when Malala Yousafzai was shot.
The Pakistani prime minister said the Taliban “were scared of the power of her vision.”
The Department of De-
fense has identified 2,118
American service members
who have died as a part of
the Afghan war and related
operations. It confirmed the
death of the following Amer-
ican recently:
BROWN, Milton W., 28, Special-
ist, Navy; Dallas; Strike
Fighter Squadron 137. Names of the Dead
TOKYO — A senior Chinese
diplomat made a secret visit to
Tokyo this week to hold talks
aimed at defusing tensions be-
tween Japan and China over a
group of disputed islands, Ja-
pan’s top government spokes-
man said Friday.
The spokesman, Osamu Fujim-
ura, said Luo Zhaohui, who leads
the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s
Asian Affairs Department, met
Thursday with Shinsuke Sugiya-
ma, the director general of the
Asian and Oceanic Affairs Bu-
reau at Japan’s Foreign Ministry.
Mr. Fujimura was confirming a
statement issued Thursday night
by the Japanese ministry that re-
vealed the meeting.
The talks appeared to signal a
willingness by the nations to at
least begin discussing their often
highly emotional disagreement
over control of the island group,
known as the Senkaku in Japan
and Diaoyu in China. According
to the ministry’s statement, the
diplomats “exchanged opinions”
on the dispute and held prepara-
tory talks for a higher-level meet-
ing between the two nations to
take place at an unspecified date.
While neither the Japanese nor
the Chinese offered much addi-
tional detail, the meeting offered
the first glimpse of behind-the-
scenes diplomacy aimed at cool-
ing a heated territorial dispute
that has set the two Asian powers
increasingly at odds and has be-
gun to damage their extensive
economic ties. The fact that the
meeting took place at all seemed
to signal that the two nations
wanted to pull back from a con-
frontation that has led to violent
street protests in China and cat-
and-mouse games between their
patrol ships on the high seas.
Mr. Fujimura expressed hope
that a higher-level meeting,
which is expected to involve vice
ministers, who are usually the
nations’ top-ranking career diplo-
mats, would be a first step to-
ward lowering tensions.
“It is important for both Japan
and China to work toward an en-
vironment of improved relations
by starting with various efforts at
communication,” Mr. Fujimura
said. “We expect there to be a
frank exchange of opinions.”
On Friday, the Chinese Embas-
sy in Tokyo confirmed the Thurs-
day meeting and said that its dip-
lomat, Mr. Luo, had left Japan. Reports in Japanese newspa-
pers said the two diplomats had
spoken by phone to arrange the
meeting after talks last month in
Beijing ended inconclusively.
This suggested that the diplo-
mats might be using personal
rapport to try to bridge the differ-
ences between their two nations.
The islands at the center of the
dispute are uninhabited, rocky
outcroppings, surrounded by the
shark-infested waters of the East
China Sea. But they hold a highly
symbolic value for many Chinese,
who say that Japan’s annexation
of them in 1895 was a first step in
empire-building that culminated
in its invasion of China in the
1930s. Japan says that China only
started making a claim to the is-
lands in the early 1970s, after evi-
dence emerged that the seabeds
around the islands might hold
rich oil and natural gas deposits.
The long-running dispute
flared anew this year, when the
nationalist governor of Tokyo
suddenly proclaimed that he
wanted to buy some of the is-
lands from their owner, a Japa-
nese citizen. This prompted ac-
tivists from both nations to stage
landings on one of the islands,
which are controlled by Japan
but also claimed by China and
Tensions spiraled last month
after Japan’s prime minister, Yo-
shihiko Noda, announced that the
Japanese government would buy
the islands instead. While Mr.
Noda apparently hoped to defuse
the standoff by keeping the is-
lands out of the Tokyo governor’s
hands, the move drew outrage in
China, where attacks on Japa-
nese businesses and boycotts of
Japanese goods hurt economic
relations. Trade between the two
totaled $345 billion last year,
economists say.
Spurred by nationalist fervor
at home, the Chinese government
had kept up the pressure on Ja-
pan, sending small flotillas of un-
armed patrol ships into waters
near the islands. These were
shadowed by Japanese coast
guard vessels, resulting at times
in verbal clashes in which each
side used bullhorns and radios to
accuse the other of trespassing.
The growing tensions have
even held the tiny but still worri-
some prospect of dragging the
United States into a military con-
frontation with China: Washing-
ton is obligated by treaty to de-
fend Japan if it is attacked, and
American officials have said in
the past that the islands fall with-
in the scope of that security trea-
ty. So far, American officials have
avoided supporting the claims of
either side, while calling on both
nations to ease the dispute.
China and Japan Say They Held Talks About Island Dispute That Has Frayed Relations Hisako Ueno and Makiko Inoue
contributed reporting. A6
CAIRO — Hundreds of Islamist
supporters of Egypt’s new presi-
dent clashed with his more sec-
ular opponents on Friday as rival
demonstrations in the city center,
Tahrir Square, devolved into a
battle of fists, rocks and Molotov
cocktails. At least 110 people were
injured, according to state news
agencies, and protesters set fire
to two buses that had transported
members of the president’s politi-
cal party to the square.
It was the bloodiest conflict be-
tween the two sides of Egypt’s
main ideological divide in the 20
months since the start of the re-
volt that toppled President Hosni
Mubarak. It was also the first
time supporters of President
Mohamed Morsi have used vio-
lence against his opponents and
the most significant political vio-
lence since his election in June. Mr. Morsi’s critics had called
for a demonstration to criticize
his first 100 days in office as well
as the Islamist majority in the
constitutional assembly. Then on
Thursday, the Muslim Brother-
hood, Egypt’s main Islamist
movement and Mr. Morsi’s chief
backer, called on its supporters to
turn out for a simultaneous rally
against the courts, citing a ruling
this week that acquitted two doz-
en allies of Mr. Mubarak of
crimes against protesters. Most,
if not all, of the judges were ap-
pointed under Mr. Mubarak.
It was impossible to know who
threw the first punch. But by
midday, Morsi supporters had
dismantled a soundstage where
supporters of the Nasserite leftist
Hamdeen Sabahi were leading
chants against the new president.
Mr. Morsi’s opponents com-
plained that the Muslim Brother-
hood had sought to drown out
their rally,and they blamed its
supporters for starting the at-
tack. Afaf el-Sayyed, 45, a liberal
author and columnist, said Islam-
ists had torn her shirt. “They
have used violence, which now
everybody has seen,” she said.
“They are worse than Mubarak.”
Waleed Sayed, 22, returning to
the square with his head band-
aged and a bloody shirt in his
hand, said an Islamist had hit
him with a rock. “We did not do
anything,” he said. “We were just
protesting the situation in the
country. We have no jobs. We
have no money.”
But Mohamed Abdel Sakar, 50,
a Brotherhood member leaving
the square, accused secular
youth of attacking the Islamists
as if “they control the square.” There was no sign of the po-
lice;since Mr. Mubarak’s over-
throw,their presence has usually
further inflamed street fights.
Until Friday, the disciplined
members of the Brotherhood had
almost always played the role of
peacekeepers,ensuring that pro-
tests stayed peaceful.But after
suggesting that its members had
not been present for the violence,
the Brotherhood said in a Twitter
feed that some “were attacked
and dragged into clashes.” The
group accused its opponents of
seeking “exclusivity” in freedom
of expression.
It is impossible to know if other
supporters of Mr. Morsi or Islam-
ists outside the Brotherhood
might have instigated violence.
But at 6 p.m., the Brotherhood or-
dered its members to leave the
square, only their opponents re-
mained, and the clashes ended.
Opponents and Supporters
Bloody confrontations resulted on Friday when backers and critics of President Mohamed Morsi gathered in Tahrir Square.
Mai Ayyad contributed reporting. west over such a vast area. But
the crossings are the common de-
nominator, the portal to the chal-
lenges this region shares. At one crossing just outside
Kilis, next to a refugee camp that
houses thousands of Syrians, a
rebel fighter who gave his name
as Abu Bashir was busy trying to
get a taxi driver to take him and
some friends back into Syria,
back to the fight. His wife and
three children were to stay be-
hind, in a camp, and he said he
was grateful for that help from
As he negotiated with the taxi
driver, a farmer, Davut Bayra-
moglu, stood nearby, selling tea
and biscuits and cigarettes, and
nursing his own discontent.
“I don’t like this, because these
people are going to be here for-
ever, and they will cause prob-
lems,” said Mr. Bayramoglu, who
added that his farm was picked
bare of grapes and cherries by
Syrian refugees and that he now
earned only 10 Turkish lira, or
$5.50, a day from his tea stand.
“We keep saying that they are
Muslim and we have to help
them, but are there no other Mus-
lims to help them?”
In the city’s center, at a park
with a tea shop, men played back-
gammon and worried about war.
They said the social fabric was
fraying with the arrival of so
many Syrians. Apartment rents
are rising, and residents cannot
get adequate health care. There
seemed no end to their com-
“Our state hospital is one of the
best in Turkey, but it can no long-
er serve its own people,” said Os-
man Altinoymak, a retired bank-
er. “It is full of Arabs.”
At the hospital, a desk attend-
ant said that was true. “There are
so many Syrians coming each
day for treatment because it is
free,” said the attendant, who de-
clined to give her name after her
boss walked over and said work-
ers were not allowed to speak to
reporters. “There is no room for
locals. It is a big problem for Tur-
But this region is also the most
important staging area for rebel
fighters and a hub for Syrian op-
position figures. That was, initial-
ly, how the government seemed
to want it, giving the rebels a ha-
ven, letting them plot, plan, rest
and arm, all while safely in Turk-
ish territory. The rebels would
then cross back into Syria.
But that strategy, or tactic, has
now frayed, as war inches closer
to home.
Just outside Akcakale, where
the civilians were killed by a Syri-
an mortar, a Turkish tank was po-
sitioned next to the border out-
post, its gun aimed at Syria. Snip-
ers could be seen atop a grain
silo, as the flag of the Free Syrian
Army fluttered on the other side.
“They have to feel the weight
of Turkey,” said Mehmet Tokti-
mur, 24, who used to earn money
driving a taxi back and forth
across the border. “The retalia-
tion is good.”
In a valley outside Hacipasa,
Turkish soldiers watch Syrians
freely cross the little river, and
white vans driven by Turks ma-
neuver down a narrow dirt road
to the river’s edge, where they
collect the wounded and take
them to hospitals.
On Wednesday, at a busy in-
tersection, a man driving a white
Renault was injured when he
crashed into another vehicle. A
half-hour later he was still lying
on the pavement, suffering from
chest injuries, as he waited for an
ambulance that took longer than
usual because of the number of
Syrians needing medical atten-
tion, a police officer said.
At the same time, men were
gathered for another reason. A
farmer said that a shell had just
landed in his field nearby but had
not detonated.
“I called the military,” said the
farmer, Ahmet Pehlivan. “Now
we are expecting the bomb
Smoke rose from Azmerin, Syria,on Thursday amid shelling by Syrian government tanks. More photos:
editerranean Sea
30 Mil
Syrian refugees escaped the rain under tarpaulins after crossing into Turkey. The flow of refugees has stirred resentment. On Edge As Syria War Inches Closer
To Turkey
From Page A4
Sebnem Arsu contributed report-
ing from Antakya, Turkey. By ELLEN BARRY and RICK GLADSTONE
MOSCOW — Russia’s foreign
minister said Friday that a civil-
ian Syrian jetliner impounded by
Turkey on suspicion of transport-
ing Russian military cargo illic-
itly to Syria was carrying only
electronic components for a ra-
dar station, and that such equip-
ment fell within the bounds of in-
ternational agreements.
“We have no secrets,” the min-
ister, Sergey V. Lavrov, said in a
televised statement. “We have
studied the situation: there were
no weapons on this airplane, of
course, and there could not be.
On the airplane there was cargo,
which a legal Russian shipper
sent via legal means to a legal
Mr. Lavrov’s statement was
the most detailed public explana-
tion yet from Russia in its dispute
with Turkey over the Moscow-to-
Damascus flight, which was in-
tercepted by Turkish warplanes
on Wednesday and forced to land
in Ankara, where the passengers
and crew members were forced
to wait for hours. Turkish inspec-
tors examined the aircraft and
impounded what Prime Minister
Recep Tayyip Erdogan described
on Thursday as Russian muni-
tions bound for Syria’s Defense
The plane was permitted to
leave on Thursday, but Russia
and Syria protested the Turkish
actions. Russia demanded a fur-
ther explanation, and Syria said
it would file a formal complaint
with international aviation au-
Earlier on Friday, Russia’s For-
eign Ministry said it had not re-
ceived the requested information
from Turkey.
“We continue to insist on re-
ceiving this data, and we hope
the information will be presented
in the near future,” an official at
the Foreign Ministry told the
news agency Interfax.
A Turkish diplomat told Inter-
fax that officials were still in-
vestigating and would contact
Russia when they finished the in-
The dispute has escalated ten-
sions between Turkey, a NATO
member, and Russia, the major
arms supplier to President Bash-
ar al-Assad of Syria, whose gov-
ernment is fighting a 19-month-
old uprising that has turned into
a civil war. The fighting has
shown no sign of easing and has
raised fears that the Middle East
will be destabilized, as hundreds
of thousands of refugees have
spilled into Turkey, Jordan, Leba-
non and Iraq.
Turkey’s leaders, who were
once close to Mr. Assad, have
turned against him and are major
backers of the insurgents, who
have operated from Turkey and
have secured swaths of Syrian
territory along the Turkish bor-
On Friday, the Turkish military
scrambled two warplanes to pa-
trol an area in Hatay Province
near the northern Syrian village
of Azmerin after a Syrian helicop-
ter gunship menaced the area,
residents on the Turkish side of
the border said. Syrian insur-
gents have been engaging with
loyalist forces near Azmerin for
Elsewhere in Syria on Friday,
the Local Coordination Commit-
tees, an anti-Assad group, said in-
surgents of the Free Syrian Army
had captured 256 Syrian soldiers
in Jisr al-Shughour, a hilly rural
area of Idlib Province, and had
vowed to treat them as prisoners
of war. Unidentified rebels
quoted by Reuters said some of
the prisoners were poor con-
scripts and had been released.
There were also numerous but
unverifiable reports of fighting
along a strategic north-south
highway, as well as in the embat-
tled city of Aleppo, in its southern
suburbs and in Homs. Russia Says Syrian Plane Impounded by Turkey Had Radar Gear, Not Arms
Ellen Barry reported from Mos-
cow, and Rick Gladstone from
New York. Sebnem Arsu contrib-
uted reporting from Hatay, Tur-
key, and Hwaida Saad from Bei-
rut, Lebanon. By ANDREW ROTH
MOSCOW — The police in
Moscow on Friday were seeking
two dozen masked men who
stormed one of the city’s most
popular gay bars early Thursday
and beat patrons — most of them
women — with fists and bottles.
More than 10 people were in-
jured, and three women and a
man were hospitalized after the
attack, which coincided with a
“Coming Out Day” party, club
employees said.
The violence comes during an
unnerving year for gay men and
lesbians in Russia. Three cities,
including St. Petersburg, have
passed laws criminalizing “ho-
mosexual propaganda,” and a
spokesman for the Russian Or-
thodox Church, the country’s pre-
dominant faith, has endorsed an
initiative to introduce the laws
So far, no such law has been
passed in the capital. However, a
measure banning gay pride pa-
rades in Moscow for a century,
until May 2112, was upheld by the
city’s highest court in August.
More than 50 people were in
the club, 7freedays, one of a hand-
ful of gay-friendly bars in the city,
when the attackers entered,
wearing surgical masks and
hoods. Some revelers initially
took them for performers plan-
ning to join an open-mic session,
but then they began to overturn
tables and assault patrons, wit-
nesses said.
“I thought at any moment they
would take off the masks, but it
turned out it had nothing to do
with the program,” said Pavel
Samburov, an activist for the
Raduzhnaya gay-rights group,
who was at the bar on Thursday.
Instead, the men yelled, “You
asked for a fight? Now you’ll get
it,” and attacked. They ran out
less than five minutes later, be-
fore police officers arrived.
“It was a pogrom,” Mr. Sambu-
rov added.
Nikolai Alekseyev, the founder
of the Moscow Gay Pride move-
ment, said that the attack on the
club, which is in the center of the
capital, showed that antigay
groups were becoming increas-
ingly aggressive. “They believe
that they won’t be caught and
won’t be punished for this,” he
Alyona Khromova, a patron at
7freedays on Thursday, told Ra-
dio Free Europe’s Russian serv-
ice that one of the men pulled a
gun on the bartender, and that
one sprayed a caustic substance
into the face of another man, who
was taken to the hospital. One
woman remained hospitalized
Friday evening after a shard of
glass cut her eye when the assail-
ants broke her glasses.
Masked Men
Attack Crowd
At a Gay Bar
In Moscow
Some see evidence of
rising aggression in
groups against
DA has lived all but two
of her 47 years here in
the Gaza Strip, yet the neigh-
bors along the alley where she
and her family built a three-
story home in 1998 have taken
to calling them “the foreigners.” Maybe it is because her 13-
year-old son attends the Ameri-
can International School. May-
be it is because drummers es-
corted a mixed-gender crowd
into the courtyard for her
daughter’s recent wedding cele-
bration. Maybe it is because Ms.
Adwan, a Muslim who fasts on
Ramadan but rarely enters a
mosque, does not cover her
dark shoulder-length hair. Or maybe it is because she
has spent her life speaking
boldly about the plight of wom-
en in this male-dominated soci-
ety, challenging its attitudes to-
ward rape and honor killing and
divorce, spotlighting the abuse
of women in a community that
traditionally keeps it locked in-
side families and homes. “I think life in Gaza is not
suitable for a human — now it’s
worse than yesterday,” she said
in a recent interview, describing
a “psychological siege” imposed
by a combination of Israeli re-
strictions on travel and trade and
the hegemony of the militant Ha-
mas faction over local govern-
ment and society. “If I accept that
I deserve this kind of life, I will be
losing the hope. I believe I de-
serve a better life than this, so I’ll
still fight.”
Ms. Adwan, who goes by her
original last name — which when
combined with her first name
means “aggressive nightingale”
— lost a personal battle last
month when Israel’s Supreme
Court rejected a petition by her
and three other women to study
in the West Bank. Ms. Adwan be-
gan a master’s degree in gender
studies at Birzeit University in
1999 but was blocked from at-
tending classes after two semes-
ters because of the second intifa-
da. Her larger crusade, though,
continues here in Gaza, where
she established the Community
Media Center in 2007 to train Pal-
estinians in using documentary
films and other techniques to ex-
pose the difficulties of daily life.
The center, whose $200,000 annu-
al budget comes from Western
organizations including Catholic
Relief Services and the United
States Agency for International
Development, is the latest in a se-
ries of groups that Ms. Adwan
has helped start or run since 1991. Her activism dates to her child-
hood in the Rafah refugee camp,
where she was the only girl to
make announcements over the
school public address system and
to participate in the student
movement of the early 1980s,
which led to a two-day suspen-
sion. By 16, she published the
first of many short stories about
what is universally known here
as “the situation.” The 10th of 13 children born to
a woman married off at age 12,
Ms. Adwan was groomed for a
distinct path by her father. He
was the mukhtar — akin to may-
or — of the village of Barbara,
north of the Gaza Strip, and then
of the Rafah camp, where his
family landed after Israel’s estab-
lishment in 1948. Ms. Adwan re-
members tagging along to meet-
ings of the Rafah municipality
and with Israeli officials.
O, though she is the rare
Gaza woman who has trav-
eled to European and Arab
capitals, Ms. Adwan “is more
connected with people on the
ground,” said Issam Younis, the
director of Al Mezan Center for
Human Rights, a Gaza group
whose board Ms. Adwan has
been on for three years. “She’s
not the kind of elite woman.” Indeed, Ms. Adwan dismissed
questions like whether women
should be seen in public without a
head scarf or be allowed to
smoke shisha at cafes — both
largely taboo in this conservative
area — as bourgeois, saying:
“How many women go to these
cafes and want to have shisha?
You can count the women who
don’t cover their hair.”
But critics denounce her as a
leftist who refused to cooperate
with government efforts on wom-
en or to invite Hamas officials to
her events. Amira Haron, an Is-
lamic women’s rights advocate,
said she was effectively wasting
time promoting a “different,
Western agenda.” “The work should be based, de-
rived and inspired from the na-
tional agenda,” Ms. Haron said.
“My agenda should mainly be the
resistance of the Israeli occupa-
tion as a priority, because occu-
pation is the source of all trou-
Rema Hammami, a professor
at Birzeit who has known Ms.
Adwan for two decades, noted
that many other Gazan feminists
had fled in frustration, but that
she had stayed because she was
“stubbornly in love with Gaza.”
Ms. Adwan herself described
Gaza as a “dark heaven.” Living
in Cairo for two years because of
her husband’s work as a televi-
sion news producer, she said they
were treated “as foreigners” and
were compelled to return home,
despite the difficulties.
“We have to be here,” she said.
“Our family lives here, our house
is here, our memories, our histo-
Still, she was desperate to
study in the West Bank, where
she said “the minds are different
because they haven’t the siege.”
But the Israeli court ruled, 2 to 1,
against the four women on Sept.
24, accepting the state’s position
that giving them travel permits
would “undermine the ‘separa-
tion’ policy, which is based on
both security and political consid-
Instead, Ms. Adwan is finish-
ing a master’s in Middle Eastern
studies — her thesis is on how the
print news media dealt with
women’s issues during and after
the Gaza war in 2008-9 — at Al
Azhar University here. Her Com-
munity Media Center, with eight
employees, has published two
newspapers highlighting prison
conditions for women and
youths, and it plans to host a film
festival about human rights on
Oct. 21. Her agenda is topped by im-
proving women’s standing in di-
vorce and custody proceedings,
and strengthening penalties
against rapists and honor killers.
But she is equally concerned
about daily struggles like the
electricity here, which is on for
eight hours, then off for eight.
“I don’t know if you can imag-
ine the situation in darkness,” she
said. “It’s very, very difficult to
just sit and wait for the electricity
to come. It’s very difficult to walk
on the streets while the genera-
tors are running. I cannot
breathe from the pollution. I can-
not hear the person walking with
ER daughter’s recent wed-
ding, to a Gazan who
works at a car dealership
in New Jersey, was the first time
in six years that the entire family
was together here at their home.
The salmon-color walls remain
pockmarked by shrapnel from
2009, when an Israeli warplane
hit an apartment building near-
by; $3,000 from the United Na-
tions refugee agency was not
enough to fix them after the
blown-out windows were re-
placed. The large first-floor kitch-
en is open to the salon, in the
style of an American great room,
something else seen as foreign in
Gaza, where women cooking are
usually shielded from guests’
view. On the coffee table is a menag-
erie of 13 elephant figurines,
wooden and china and metal,
from travels in Cyprus, Egypt,
Spain, Morocco and France. On
the floor, a stone elephant miss-
ing a tusk stands guard.
“They are peaceful animals;
they are not hurting anyone,
even though they are big and can
hurt,” Ms. Adwan said to explain
her collection. “It’s the top of
morals, to have the power and
not use it against anyone.”
“If I accept that I deserve this kind of life, I will be losing the hope. I believe I deserve a better life than this, so I’ll still fight.”
Fighting for Women in the ‘Dark Heaven’ of Gaza
Fares Akram contributed report-
Britain: 7 Royal Marines Arrested
Over 2011 Death in Afghanistan
The authorities in London said Friday that
seven members of the Royal Marines had
been arrested on suspicion of murder after
“an engagement with an insurgent” in Af-
ghanistan last year, apparently the first time
that members of British services have been
held on such charges in more than a decade of
war there. The Defense Ministry said no civil-
ians were involved in the episode, which, the
BBC reported, concerned a commando bri-
gade stationed in the troubled Helmand Prov-
France: Appeal in Gang-Rape Case
A public prosecutor on Friday appealed the
rulings of a French court on Wednesday in a
gruesome gang-rape trial, calling many of the
10 acquittals in the case and the sentences for
the four convictions inappropriate. The case
involves two women from a poor suburb out-
side Paris who said they were repeatedly
raped, often by as many as two dozen men at
once, between 1999 and 2001. Of the 14 defend-
ants, 4 were convicted of gang rape; 2 of them
received one-year prison sentences, one re-
ceived a six-month prison term and one a sus-
pended sentence. Several government min-
isters had voiced concern with the rulings,
and women’s groups had reacted angrily. SCOTT SAYARE
Russia: Moscow Cites Coercion
Several Russians arrested last week in Texas
and accused of illegally exporting microelec-
tronics to Russian military and intelligence
agencies have been subjected to “psychologi-
cal and moral pressure” to make admissions
of guilt, the Russian Foreign Ministry said
Friday in a statement. The ministry did not
say what it believed was done to the Russians.
South Korea:Warning on Missile A senior South Korean policy maker on North
Korea said Friday that it must be assumed
that the North has the capacity to mount a nu-
clear device on a ballistic missile, adding that
such a capability would pose “an existential
threat” to South Korea. The official, who
spoke to a group of journalists on condition of
anonymity, emphasized that reliable informa-
tion about the North’s capabilities was scarce,
and he cautioned that he was not confirming
that the North had built an operational nucle-
ar weapon. But his comment reflected grow-
ing concern in the South Korean government.
In a paper published this month by the RAND
Corporation, an analyst, Markus Schiller,
wrote, “It cannot be ruled out that North Ko-
rea has nuclear warhead designs for its mis-
siles, but without actual testing, the reliability
of these warheads has to be assumed to be
China: Suit for Anti-Japan Attack
The lawyer for Li Jianli, who was badly beat-
en in Xi’an for driving a Japanese-made car
during anti-Japan protests in China last
month, said by telephone Friday that Mr. Li
had decided to sue the local police on grounds
of “serious negligence.” In the complaint, Mr.
Li accused the police of failing to respond
quickly and effectively to the violence during
the protests. He is seeking 500,000 renminbi,
or about $80,000, to cover his medical ex-
penses and property damage costs. A suspect
in the attack is awaiting trial. AMY QIN
Iraq: Qaeda Claim for Jailbreak
Al Qaeda’s Iraqi wing says it masterminded a
jailbreak in the northern city of Tikrit last
month and smuggled weapons to inmates, ac-
cording to a statement posted Friday on mil-
itant Web sites. Dozens of prisoners, many of
them convicted members of Al Qaeda on
death row, fought their way out of the jail, kill-
ing 16 members of the security forces in ensu-
ing clashes. In its statement, the Islamic State
of Iraq claimed responsibility for the escape.
Iraq’s Interior Ministry has accused prison
officials of complicity. The group also claimed
responsibility for 62 other attacks in Iraq over
the past three months, most of them targeting
security forces and Sunni government-backed
militias. (REUTERS)
Iraq: Deal to Buy Czech Planes
Iraq has agreed to buy 28 Czech-made mil-
itary airplanes in a deal worth $1 billion, part
of a broader Iraqi effort to rebuild military ca-
pabilities destroyed during the American-led
invasion of the country, officials said Friday.
Iraq has only a few planes and is unable to de-
fend its airspace. The government has bought
billions of dollars in tanks, fighter jets, ships
and other weapons from the United States in
recent years, but now wants to forge military
ties with other allies and nations, including
Russia. Under the deal, Iraq will buy 24 new
subsonic L-159 military planes, which are light
combat and training planes. Delivery is ex-
pected within four years. (AP)
Niger: 91 Dead in Recent Flooding
Recent floods in Niger have killed 91 people
and caused significant damage, according to a
top official, Aghaly Abdoulkader, who is the
director of the cabinet. He said the damage hit
fields, rice paddies, schools, health centers,
roads, bridges and dams, and large quantities
of food have been destroyed and many cattle
have washed away. (AP)
Security Council Seeks to Aid Mali
The Security Council unanimously passed a
resolution on Friday authorizing the use of
military force to assist Mali’s government in
reclaiming the northern half of the country.
Radical Islamists have turned the territory
into an enclave for Qaeda militants and for the
imposition of harsh Shariah law, which has
been used to terrorize the population with am-
putations, stonings, whippings and other
abuses, particularly against women. The
Council resolution, sponsored by France, says
the Islamists and their collaborators in north-
ern Mali may be held accountable for war
crimes. It gives Secretary General Ban Ki-
moon 45 days to devise a plan to help the Ma-
lian authorities and endorses the deployment
of troops from the Economic Community of
West African States as part of the plan. RICK GLADSTONE
World Briefing A8
with a muscular antidrug programwith
several Latin American nations, hoping
to protect Honduras and use it as a cho-
kepoint to cut off the flow of drugs head-
ing north. Then the series of fatal enforcement
actions — some by the Honduran mil-
itary, others involving shootings by
American agents — quickly turned the
antidrug cooperation, often promoted
as a model of international teamwork,
into a case study of what can go wrong
when the tactics of war are used to fight
a crime problem that goes well beyond
“You can’t cure the whole body by
just treating the arm,” said Edmundo
Orellana,Honduras’s former defense
minister and attorney general. “You
have to heal the whole thing.” A sweeping new plan for Honduras,
focused more on judicial reform and in-
stitution-building, is now being jointly
developed by Honduras and the United
States. But State Department officials
must first reassure Congress that the
deaths have been investigated and that
new safeguards, like limits on the role of
American forces, will be put in place. “We are trying to see what to do dif-
ferently or better,” said Lisa J. Kubiske,
the American ambassador in Honduras. The challenge is dizzying, and the
new plan, according to a recent draft
shown to The New York Times, is more
aspirational than anything aimed at
combating drugs and impunity in Mex-
ico, or Colombia before that. It includes
not just boats and helicopters, but also
broad restructuring: several new in-
vestigative entities, an expanded vet-
ting program for the police, more power
for prosecutors, and a network of safe
houses for witnesses.
Officials from both countries have
often failed to fully grasp the weakness
of the Honduran institutions deployed
to turn the country around. But the
need to act is obvious. The country’s
homicide rate is among the highest in
the world, and corruption has chewed
through government from top to bot-
tom. “We know that unless we really help
these governments and address the
complexities of these challenges they
face, their people and societies would be
further endangered,” said Maria Otero,
under secretary of state for civilian se-
curity, democracy and human rights. “Honduras,” she added, “is the most
vulnerable and threatened of them all.”
A Country’s Cry for Help
The foreign minister, Mr. Corrales, a
hulk of a man with a loud laugh and a
degree in engineering, said he visited
Washington in early 2011 with a request
for help in four areas: investigation, im-
punity, organized crime and corruption.
President Porfirio Lobo,in meetings
with the Americans, put it more bluntly:
“We’re drowning.” In 2010, a year after a military coup
eventually brought the conservative
Lobo government to power, drug flights
to Honduras spiked to 82, from six in
2006. Half the country, which is only a
little bigger than Tennessee,was out of
government control. Then last October,
the mingling of corruption and impunity
hit the front pages here with the murder
of Rafael Alejandro Vargas, the 22-year-
old son of Julieta Castellanos, the rector
of Honduras’s largest university. Mr. Vargas’s death stood out not just
because he was the son of a prominent
academic; he was killed by police offi-
cers, who appeared to have kidnapped
him as he left a birthday party, and then
killed him when they realized who he
was. Many of the officers were not ar-
rested. “It was a wake-up call for all of Hon-
duras of just how corrupt and infiltrated
the police were,” Ms. Otero said.
Another State Department official
said the killing — along with the soaring
homicide rate and the increased traf-
ficking — sounded alarms in Washing-
ton: “It raised for us the specter of Hon-
duras becoming another northern Mex-
ico.” Secretary of State Hillary Rodham
Clinton demanded a strong response,
and William R. Brownfield, the assistant
secretary for international narcotics
and law enforcement affairs, became
the point man for what was created: a
broad security program centered on
rapid-response law enforcement activi-
ties organized by the D.E.A. and the
Pentagon. Known as Anvil, it was meant to work
alongside efforts like outreach to youth
and training for some police officers,
prosecutors and judges. But the inter-
diction of cocaine was the immediate fo-
cus. Mr. Brownfield and other officials
wanted to test whether they could keep
drug planes from landing on Hondu-
ras’s isolated Caribbean coast. The plan was for American and Co-
lombian radar intelligence to guide
D.E.A. agents working with the Hondu-
ran police. They would intercept drug
planes once they landed, using State
Department helicopters flown by Gua-
temalan pilots. “It was the most multi-
national law enforcement operation we
have ever conducted,” Mr. Brownfield
said. They started in the spring, and sev-
eral officials, including Ambassador
Kubiske, said the program had succeed-
ed in many ways. From April 24 to July
3, 4.7 tons of cocaine were seized, and
the number of drug flights coming into
Honduras fell significantly. But the operation had evident pro-
cedural flaws. It was started without
some simple measures that could have
prevented deaths or allowed for swift
investigations and a full public account-
ing when things went wrong. According to a senior American offi-
cial who was not authorized to speak on
the record, there were no detailed rules
governing American participation in
law enforcement operations. Honduran
officials also described cases in which
the rules of engagement for the D.E.A.
and the police were vague and ad hoc. “In these kinds of situations, who can
really say how the decision to shoot is
made?” said Héctor Iván Mejía,a
spokesman for the Honduran National
Police. And for a law enforcement program,
investigations seemed to be an after-
thought. On several occasions, crime
scenes were left unsecured for more
than 12 hours, until an investigator
could be flown to them. After episodes
in which suspects were injured or killed,
it often took days — and significant pub-
lic pressure — to begin inquiries about
whether deadly force was justified, too
late to create a full and credible account. The Honduran authorities were not
much help. After one previously undis-
closed interdiction raid in July, soldiers
refused to board an American military
helicopter that had come to collect re-
inforcements. More broadly, it was often unclear
who was in charge. Sometimes neither
Honduran nor American authorities
seemed to know who was ultimately re-
sponsible for the policy. The D.E.A.’s role was especially con-
tentious. Its commandos were part of a
tactical assault program known as
FAST, for Foreign-deployed Advisory
and Support Team, which has been
credited with victories against drug
traffickers from Peru to Afghanistan.
But a May 11 shooting in a town called
Ahuas, in which gunfire killed four peo-
ple whom neighbors said were innocent,
led to concerns in Congress that the
D.E.A.’s commandos were operating
with impunity. The agents were supposed to act as
trainers. “During our operations in
Honduras, Honduran law enforcement
is always in the lead, and we play a sup-
port and mentorship role,” said Dawn
Dearden,a spokeswoman for the D.E.A. But American officials overseeing An-
vil now acknowledge that turned out not
to be the case. Members of the Hondu-
ran police teams told government in-
vestigators that they took their orders
from the D.E.A. Americans officials said
that the FAST teams, deploying tactics
honed in Afghanistan, did not feel confi-
dent in the Hondurans’ abilities to take
the lead. Three of the five joint interdiction op-
erations during Anvil included deadly
shootings. In Ahuas, officials said the
gunfire came from the Honduran police.
In late June, D.E.A. agents shot and
killed the pilot of a plane bearing drugs,
and another pilot who landed farther in-
land on July 3. Anvil ended soon af-
terward, several days ahead of sched-
ule. “This operation was bungled in its
conception, in its implementation and in
its aftermath,” said Mr.Leahy, chair-
man of the Senate Appropriations Com-
mittee’s panel on the State Department
and foreign operations. Representative Howard L. Berman of
California, the ranking Democrat on the
House Foreign Affairs Committee,
wrote to Mrs. Clinton, “Unfortunately,
this is not the first time the United
States has come perilously close to an
overmilitarized strategy toward a coun-
try too small and institutionally weak
for its citizens to challenge the policy.”
Mr. Brownfield, the assistant secre-
tary, said it was impossible to “offer a
zero risk program for interdicting drugs
in Central America.” He noted that the
shootings during interdiction raids hap-
pened in the middle of the night, in re-
mote locations that were hard for in-
vestigators to reach. Despite these chal-
lenges, he said that investigations were
conducted and that he was “basically
satisfied” that he knew what had hap-
pened. But an aide to Mr.Leahy said mem-
bers of Congress were not reassured.
“One of several reasons funds currently
are being withheld is that we have yet to
see the results of any investigation, and
there is little confidence that the next
time would be any better,” the aide said.
Military Justice Gone Awry
When the Honduran Air Force pilot
took off from his base at La Ceiba on
July 26, tracking a plane without a flight
plan, the State Department helicopters
used for interdiction had already re-
turned to Guatemala. The D.E.A. agents
were gone. Anvil had ended, but the
broader mission of joint enforcement
and the sharing of American intelli-
gence had not. From the moment the Honduran pilot
departed in his aging Tucano turboprop,
just before midnight, he was in radio
contact with Colombian authorities,
who regularly receive radar intelligence
from the American military’s Southern
Command. Intelligence-sharing is a major com-
ponent of the American approach to
fighting drugs regionally, and military
commanders said they were not espe-
cially worried about any mistakes as
they watched the suspicious flight on
their radar screens. Nearly a decade
earlier, Honduran military commanders
signed an agreement with the United
States to abide by laws that prohibit fir-
ing on civilian aircraft. After all, small
single-engine planes are used by local
airlines, courier services and mission-
aries all over Honduras’s remote north-
eastern coast.
Yet Honduran and American officials
said the Honduran pilots did not seem
to be aware of the rules. Mr. Corrales, the foreign minister,
and some American officials have con-
cluded that the downed planes amount-
ed to misapplied military justice, urged
on by societal anger and the broader
weaknesses of Honduras’s institutions.
“It reflects a lot of frustration in the
country, that they think this is a tool
they need to use,” Ambassador Kubiske
said. “If you had a law enforcement sys-
tem and then a justice system that could
reliably detain suspected narcos when
they land — if they could seize the
goods and put together a strong case.”
She added, “If they had a strong func-
tioning system, then this would look like
a less attractive alternative.”
Creating a stronger system is at the
core of what some officials are now call-
ing Anvil II. A draft of the plan provided
by Mr. Corrales shows a major shift to-
ward shoring up judicial institutions
with new entities focused on organized
and financial crime. Mr. Corrales said the plan was closer
to what he had hoped for before Anvil,
with a few protective fixes: each vetted
investigative unit will include up to
three embedded prosecutors, who will
direct the activities of Honduran police
officers and D.E.A. agents. The D.E.A.’s role will also probably
change. American officials say they are
discussing how to keep it more limited,
possibly by requiring FAST agents to
stay on helicopters during raids, “more
like a coach on the sidelines,” one Amer-
ican military official said. Much of what is being proposed
would be paid for with a national securi-
ty tax Honduras recently established.
The Americans have agreed to help
Honduras determine how the money
will be spent, and if Congress releases
its hold on American contributions, joint
security programs will accelerate quick-
ly. But many Hondurans worry that the
pull of the familiar — of muscular, mil-
itary-style interdiction — may be diffi-
cult to resist. In the handwritten notes
on Mr. Corrales’s draft, he placed a No.1
next to two items: intelligence-sharing,
and a reference to training for 20 Hon-
duran helicopter pilots. Honduran officials have also resisted
demands from Congress for a more
thorough investigation of Juan Carlos
Bonilla,the head of the Honduran po-
lice, who has been accused of running a
death squad that killed at least three
people from 1998 to 2002. (He was ac-
quitted of a single murder charge in
2004, though critics say the case was
hindered by corruption.)
Dr. Castellanos, the university rector,
said the challenge for Honduras and the
Americans would be staying focused on
long-term problems like corruption.
“It’s a tragedy; there is no confidence in
the state,” she said, wearing black in her
university office. The old game of cocaine cat-and-
mouse tends to look like a quicker fix,
she said, with its obvious targets and
clear victories measured in tons seized.
Since Anvil ended, officials have seen a
revival of suspicious planes heading to
Honduras, with many landing inland,
along rivers. “This moment presents us with an
opportunity for institutional reform,”
Dr. Castellanos said. But that will de-
pend on whether the new effort goes af-
ter more than just drugs and uproots
the criminal networks that have already
burrowed into Honduran society.
“There’s infiltration everywhere,” she
said. “There is no guarantee it can be
stopped.” U.S. Rethinks Antidrug Efforts After Deadly Turn in Honduras
Confiscated drugs were burned in July on the outskirts of Tegucigalpa, Honduras. From April 24 to July 3, a joint antidrug program organ-
ized by the United States seized 4.7 tons of cocaine, but officials in both countries say Honduras’s crime problem goes well beyond drugs. Left, a Honduran Air Force cadet and two United States service members at Soto Cano Air Base. Right, the ruins of a drug trafficking suspect’s house in Ahuas. Residents burned
the house in May after four people they said were innocent died during an antidrug raid. Residents said the presence of traffickers brought violence to Ahuas. CARLOS PEREZ FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Washington was alarmed when the
police killed the son of Julieta Caste-
llanos, a Honduran university chief. From Page A1
PARIS — By naming the Euro-
pean Union the recipient of the
2012 peace prize on Friday, the
Norwegian Nobel Committee
made an unconventional choice
that celebrated the bloc’s post-
war integration even as a finan-
cial crisis and political infighting
threaten to tear it apart.
Members of the Nobel commit-
tee lauded six decades of recon-
ciliation among enemies who
fought Europe’s bloodiest wars
while simultaneously warning
against the hazards of the
present. The decision sounded at
times like a plea to support the
endangered institution at a diffi-
cult hour.
“We see already now an in-
crease of extremism and nation-
alistic attitudes,” said Thorbjorn
Jagland, the former Norwegian
prime minister who is chairman
of the panel awarding the prize,
in an interview after announcing
the award. “There is a real dan-
ger that Europe will start disinte-
grating. Therefore, we should fo-
cus again on the fundamental
aims of the organization.”
Yet on the very day that the
award was announced in Oslo,
leading European policy makers
again publicly bickered over how
to deal with Greece’s bailout.
Germany’s finance minister,
Wolfgang Schäuble, rejected calls
from the French head of the In-
ternational Monetary Fund,
Christine Lagarde, to give
Greece more time to make addi-
tional spending cuts to rein in
deficits. The intractable debt troubles
in Greece have been at the heart
of the financial crisis that has
gone on for years and has taken a
tremendous toll on Europe’s
economy, breeding ill will be-
tween the suffering periphery
and officials in Germany, who
have called for painful austerity
as the price of continued German
support for the rising debt. “The leader of the E.U. is Ger-
many, which is in an economic
war with southern Europe,” said
Stavros Polychronopoulos, 60, a
retired lawyer in Athens. “I con-
sider this war equal to a real war.
They don’t help peace.” Mr. Polychronopoulos stood
Friday in the central Syntagma
Square in Athens, where residue
from tear gas fired by the police
during demonstrations on Tues-
day to protest a visit by the Ger-
man chancellor, Angela Merkel,
still clung to the sidewalks. In light of the recent upheaval,
the Nobel announcement was
greeted with surprise, perplexity
and, from some corners, even
mockery. “The Nobel committee
is a little late for an April Fool’s
joke,” said Martin Callanan, a
British member of the European
Parliament and the leader of the
European Conservatives and Re-
formists Group. “The E.U.’s pol-
icies have exacerbated the fallout
of the financial crisis and led to
social unrest that we haven’t
seen for a generation.” Before making its choice, the
Norwegian panel — located, as it
happens, in an oil-rich kingdom
whose population of five million
people has steadfastly resisted
membership of the 27-nation Eu-
ropean Union — weighed 231
nominations. One committee
member, a Socialist critical of the
union, had a stroke recently and
was replaced by a more Europe-
friendly moderate, ensuring the
committee’s tradition of unani-
mous decisions. The peace prize is associated
with diplomats or heads of state
who have ended wars, or individ-
uals like Mother Teresa and
Archbishop Desmond M. Tutu
fighting poverty or injustice. Last
year’s peace prize was shared by
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
of Liberia; a Liberian antiwar ac-
tivist, Leymah Gbowee; and
Tawakkol Karman, a democracy
activist in Yemen. The 2010 peace
prize winner was Liu Xiaobo, a
Chinese human rights campaign-
But as it has in the past, nota-
bly in bestowing the 2009 peace
prize on President Obama less
than one year after he took office,
the selection by the highly politi-
cized committee sometimes re-
flects hope as much as achieve-
ment, seeking to bolster good in-
tentions with a prestigious acco-
lade that provides an unparal-
leled, if often contentious, global
Ms. Merkel called the award
“an inducement and an obliga-
tion at the same time.” The an-
nouncement was taken by the
European Union elite in Brussels
— and by its surviving founders
— as a moment of profound vindi-
cation. José Manuel Barroso,
president of the European Com-
mission, said the award proved
that the European body was
“something very precious.”
“It is justified recognition for a
unique project that works for the
benefit of its citizens and also for
the benefit of the world,” he said.
“The award today by the Nobel
committee shows that even in
these difficult times, the Euro-
pean Union remains an inspira-
tion for countries and people all
over the world and that the in-
ternational community needs a
strong European Union.”
For all the talk of unity, howev-
er, a variety of signals suggested
the opposite. European officials
immediately raised the question
of who would accept the peace
prize on behalf of the bloc’s often
bickering members, divided by
tensions between its more afflu-
ent north and its struggling
south. They are also frequently at
odds over personality differences
and critical questions, like wheth-
er Turkey should be admitted and
whether the euro zone should in-
clude more countries than its cur-
rent 17.
At its headquarters in Brus-
sels, several figureheads com-
pete for prominence, including
Mr. Barroso, the president of the
European Commission, which en-
forces European treaties, and
Herman Van Rompuy, the presi-
dent of the European Council,
which represents heads of Euro-
pean Union governments.
Additionally, the president of
the European Parliament, Martin
Schulz, said in a statement that
his institution expected to be part
of the award ceremony.
The rivalries recalled a remark
ascribed to Henry A. Kissinger,
the former United States secre-
tary of state: “Who do I call if I
want to call Europe?”
The differences extend beyond
the Continent’s many languages
to broader questions of commit-
ment to the European integration
project. Some Europeans asked
whether the bloc’s dismal track
record in dealing with the Balkan
wars of the 1990s and its perform-
ance in the current economic cri-
sis justified a prize for spreading
At the news conference in Oslo
to announce the award, Mr.
Jagland said the committee had
“no ambitions” that the $1.2 mil-
lion prize would solve the multi-
billion-euro crisis. “The stabiliz-
ing part played by the E.U. has
helped to transform most of Eu-
rope from a continent of war to a
continent of peace,” he said. “The
union and its forerunners have
for over six decades contributed
to the advancement of peace and
reconciliation, democracy and
human rights in Europe.”
He added: “The dreadful suf-
fering in World War II demon-
strated the need for a new Eu-
rope. Over a 70-year period, Ger-
many and France had fought
three wars. Today, war between
Germany and France is unthink-
He also cited the admission of
Greece, Spain and Portugal in the
1980s after they emerged from
dictatorships, with democracy as
a condition for membership, as
well as the ending of the divisions
between east and west after the
fall of the Berlin Wall, as suc-
cesses for the European Union. “The admission of Croatia as a
member next year, the opening of
membership negotiations with
Montenegro, and the granting of
candidate status to Serbia all
strengthen the process of recon-
ciliation in the Balkans,” he said. Maurice Faure, the last living
French signatory to the 1957
Treaty of Rome, which estab-
lished the European Economic
Community, a precursor to the
modern union, called the prize
“the finest reward, the official
recognition of what we devel-
oped, notably peace.”
“The European Union remains
a work in progress,” he said.
The European Union flag atop the Reichstag building in Berlin. The peace prize recognizes the union’s postwar efforts. Nobel Committee Gives Peace Prize to European Union
A choice that, amid
hard times, may
reflect hope as much
as achievement.
Alan Cowell reported from Paris,
and Nicholas Kulish from Berlin.
Reporting was contributed by
Walter Gibbs from Oslo, Stephen
Castle from London, James Kan-
ter from Brussels, Rachel Dona-
dio from Athens, Victor Homola
from Berlin,and Scott Sayare and
Maïa de la Baume from Paris.
BEIJING — Mo Yan, the new
Nobel laureate who strenuously
avoided antagonizing the Com-
munist Party during much of his
literary career, stepped into a po-
litical minefield on Friday by call-
ing for the release of Liu Xiaobo,
the imprisoned writer and fellow
Nobel winner who is serving an
11-year sentence for subversion. “I hope he can achieve his free-
dom as soon as possible,” Mr. Mo,
57, told reporters during a news
conference held a day after he
won the 2012 prize for literature.
He spoke not far from his fam-
ily’s home in rural Shandong
Province, the setting for many of
his epic novels. Even if Mr. Mo’s remarks were
spare and decidedly nonconfron-
tational — he went on to suggest
he was not an admirer of Mr.
Liu’s pro-democracy essays —
they are nonetheless likely to in-
furiate China’s leadership, which
has been exulting in the Swedish
Academy’s decision to give China
its first Nobel in literature. Beijing considers Mr. Liu a
criminal, and the Nobel Peace
Prize awarded to him in 2010 has
long been seen here as an effort
to meddle in China’s internal af-
fairs. Despite the throng of Chinese
reporters attending the news
conference, Mr. Mo’s comments
did not appear in the state-run
news media. But they quickly
spread via Twitter, electrifying
Chinese literati, many of whom
had been critical of his close rela-
tionship to the Communist Party,
especially Mr. Mo’s role as vice
chairman of the government-run
Chinese Writers’ Association. Ai Weiwei, the dissident artist
who a day earlier had criticized
Mr. Mo for cooperating with the
authorities and refusing to stand
up for persecuted writers, said he
was heartened by the remarks.
Murong Xuecun, a prominent
writer who frequently jousts with
the censors, said Mr. Mo prob-
ably felt protected by his newly
acquired Nobel mantle. “Maybe
all the glory has made him more
courageous and more outspo-
ken,” he said in an interview.
Mr. Mo’s comments are not ex-
pected to derail his celebrity sta-
tus, at least in the eyes of the gov-
ernment. On Thursday, Li Chang-
chun, the nation’s propaganda
chief, issued a congratulatory let-
ter heralding the prize as a sign
that China’s cultural influence
was finally catching up to its size
and economic heft. “Thus Chi-
nese writers can contribute more
to the prosperity and develop-
ment of Chinese culture, as well
as the progress of human civiliza-
tion,” Mr. Li wrote, according to
the official Xinhua news agency. On Friday, Mr. Mo’s face was
splashed across the front pages
of most Chinese newspapers. By
morning, bookstores throughout
the capital had already set up
special display sections for his
works. By the evening, many
stores, as well as commerce Web
sites like Amazon, were already
out of stock. The Global Times, a party-
owned tabloid, made a point of
describing Mr. Mo as a “main-
stream” writer — as opposed to
figures like Mr. Liu who are often
ostracized at home but lionized
abroad. “This suggests that the
West doesn’t only embrace indi-
viduals that are against the Chi-
nese system,” it wrote in a com-
mentary. “No matter what in-
spired the award this time, it is a
welcome decision. We hope such
appreciation of Chinese main-
stream ideas can extend further.”
Even if Mr. Mo has strenuously
avoided taking a stand on censor-
ship or other politically delicate
matters, those who follow his
work say branding him as “main-
stream” may be inaccurate. Eric
Abrahamsen, a literary transla-
tor and publishing consultant in
Beijing, noted that many of his
richly detailed stories are sub-
versive in their depiction of Chi-
nese officialdom, even if couched
in the magical realism that has
become his trademark style. “He doesn’t keep bashing him-
self against the wall by writing
about forbidden topics, but most
of what he has written is critical
of party politics,” Mr. Abraham-
sen said. “His work is essentially
a chronicle of how the Commu-
nist Party has messed up China.” Ran Yunfei, a sharp-tongued
writer persecuted for his pro-de-
mocracy views, said he was
heartened by Mr. Mo’s comments
but doubted that he would be-
come a crusader for human
rights and free expression. “He
has become very skilled at walk-
ing on a tightrope,” Mr. Ran
wrote in a microblog post. “Now
that he has become a household
name with the government’s
backing, it’s only going to be-
come harder for him to be a real
critic of the government.”
Chinese Nobel Laureate Calls for His Nation to Free Another Edward Wong contributed report-
ing. Mia Li contributed research. A writer who avoided
controversy backs a
jailed dissident. A10
Daily oil production in Iran, the
most important component of its
economy, fell in September to the
weakest level in nearly a quarter-
century, according to monthly
data released on Friday by the
International Energy Agency.
The agency forecast declines in
Iran’s ability to produce oil for
years to come if Western sanc-
tions were not lifted.
The agency’s report came as
other signs of economic weak-
ness were further revealed, nota-
bly severe drops in port calls and
automotive production. Taken to-
gether, they depicted a stressed
economy likely to exert new pres-
sure on the rial, Iran’s currency. The rial lost 40 percent of its
value against the dollar this
month in panicky selling before
the Iranian banking authorities
moved to severely restrict cur-
rency trading. But acute inflation
in Iran from the rial’s weakness
is a major source of concern in
the country, and outside econo-
mists have pointed to this as evi-
dence that the sanctions, which
have severely restricted Iran’s
ability to sell oil and do interna-
tional banking transactions, are
having a profound impact.
Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatol-
lah Ali Khamenei, has repeatedly
said that the sanctions, meant to
press Iran into suspending its nu-
clear energy program, will fail.
Iran says the program is peace-
ful, rejecting Western claims that
it is a cloak for developing the
ability to make atomic bombs.
The oil data from the Interna-
tional Energy Agency, a Paris-
based group,showed that Iran
produced 2.63 million barrels a
day in September, down 220,000
barrels a day from August. That
is the lowest since the average of
2.49 million barrels a day in 1988,
said the Organization of Petro-
leum Exporting Countries.
In a separate midyear outlook,
the agency forecast more pain for
Iran because of the newest sanc-
tions, saying they are “wide-
ranging and have had far-reach-
ing impact on global oil trade.” In another measure of Iran’s
isolation, Reuters reported Fri-
day that only 980 vessels called at
Iranian ports in the first nine
months of 2012, quoting private
data from IHS Fairplay, a mar-
itime intelligence publisher. That
compares with 2,740 port calls for
all of 2011 and 3,407 for 2010.
On Thursday, the Iranian Stu-
dents’ News Agency reported a
42 percent drop in automotive
production in the past six months
compared with the same period a
year earlier, without providing an
explanation. But the rial’s severe
drop has made imports of auto
parts far more expensive. Last
February, Peugeot, the French
automaker that is a partner of
Iran Khodro, Iran’s leading do-
mestic automaker, withdrew
from the country because of the
strengthened Western sanctions. Data on Iran
Dims Outlook
For Economy
BEIJING — The wife of Bo
Xilai, the disgraced Chinese poli-
tician, was told several years ago
by a doctor that her nervous sys-
tem had suffered irreversible
damage because she had been
steadily ingesting poison that
someone had slipped into the
capsules of her daily herbal medi-
cine, one of her lawyers said in an
interviewthis week. The wife, Gu Kailai, discovered
the poisoning after she fainted in
2007 at the funeral of her father-
in-law, a Communist Party lead-
er, said the lawyer, Li Xiaolin. He
added that Ms. Gu became with-
drawn and curtailed her trips
outside her home after learning
of the plot. Mr. Li said that Ms.
Gu genuinely believed that some-
one was trying to kill her, but that
he did not know whom she sus-
The new details of Ms. Gu’s
suspicions of a murder plot fur-
ther reveal the atmosphere of
fear and tension in the Bo house-
hold, which might have contribut-
ed to the death last November of
a British businessman, Neil Hey-
wood, who had known the family
for years.
In August, a court convicted
Ms. Gu, a lawyer, of poisoning
Mr. Heywood after believing that
he posed a threat to her son. Le-
gal experts have questioned the
trial and the official narrative of
the killing. In September, the
Communist Party announced
that Mr. Bo would be prosecuted
for crimes that included abuse of
power and taking bribes. The
scandal has disrupted the once-a-
decade leadership transition
scheduled to begin this fall.
Mr. Li had previously said that
Ms. Gu believed she was the vic-
tim of a poisoning plot, but not
exactly when those fears began
or how she believed that the poi-
son had been administered.
Mr. Li said that before 2007,
Ms. Gu had been taking a rare
and expensive herbal medicine
that the Chinese call “winter
worm, summer grass” for lon-
gevity and better health. The
medicine, which Ms. Gu was in-
gesting in capsules filled with red
powder, became popular with
middle-class and wealthy Chi-
nese in recent years. It is made
from a parasitic fungus found on
the Tibetan plateau that uses cat-
erpillars as hosts and kills them.
Ms. Gu fainted in January 2007
at the funeral of Mr. Bo’s father,
Bo Yibo, one of the “eight immor-
tals” of the Communist Party
known for guiding China’s eco-
nomic transformation, Mr. Li
said. Photographs of the funeral
that have circulated on the In-
ternet show Ms. Gu dressed in
black and looking gaunt while
greeting party leaders and army
generals. Mr. Li said a family
member who met Ms. Gu at the
funeral after not having seen her
for a while “was shocked by how
much weight Gu Kailai had lost
and how frail she looked.”
After the fainting incident, a
doctor looked into all possible
causes, Mr. Li said. The doctor
discovered that the red powder in
Ms. Gu’s capsules had a mix of
lead and mercury, he said. One of
the effects of the poison was that
it caused Ms. Gu’s hands to
shake, so she took up knitting
and embroidery at the doctor’s
recommendation, Mr. Li said.
Li Danyu, Mr. Bo’s first wife,
said in an earlier interview that
Mr. Bo and his family suspected
Li Wangzhi, her son from her
marriage with Mr. Bo, of master-
minding the poisoning. Mr. Bo re-
layed his suspicions in October
2011 to Ms. Li’s older brother, who
is married to Ms. Gu’s older sis-
ter, Ms. Li said. She said that her son was not
involved in any murder plot,and
that Ms. Gu might have been
seeking to frame the son.She
said he last saw his father in 2007,
at the funeral of the grandfather,
where Ms. Gu was said to have
fainted. Mr. Bo’s family told the
first son to stand at the rear of
the large procession.
New Details of How Wife of Chinese Politician Thought She Was Poisoned
Mia Li contributed research. By ERIC SCHMITT
weeks leading up to the attack
last month on the American dip-
lomatic mission in Benghazi, Lib-
ya, that killed Ambassador
J.Christopher Stevens and three
other Americans, diplomats on
the ground sounded increasingly
urgent alarms. In a stream of dip-
lomatic cables, embassy security
officers warned their superiors at
the State Department of a wors-
ening threat from Islamic ex-
tremists, and requested that the
teams of military personnel and
State Department security
guards who were already on duty
be kept in service. The requests were denied, but
they were largely focused on ex-
tending the tours of security
guards at the American Embassy
in Tripoli — not at the diplomatic
compound in Benghazi, 400 miles
away. And State Department offi-
cials testified this week during a
hearing by the House Oversight
and Government Reform Com-
mittee that extending the tour of
additional guards — a 16-member
military security team — through
mid-September would not have
changed the bloody outcome be-
cause they were based in Tripoli,
not Benghazi. The handling of these requests
has now been caught up in a
sharply partisan debate over
whether the Obama administra-
tion underestimated the terrorist
threat in Libya. In a debate with
Representative Paul D. Ryan on
Thursday night, Vice President
Joseph R. Biden Jr. said White
House officials were not told
about requests for any additional
security. “We weren’t told they
wanted more security again,” Mr.
Biden said. The Romney campaign on Fri-
day pounced on the conflicting
statements, accusing Mr. Biden
of continuing to deny the nature
of the attack. The White House
scrambled to explain the appar-
ent contradiction between Mr. Bi-
den’s statement and the testimo-
ny from State Department offi-
cials at the House hearing.
The White House spokesman,
Jay Carney, said Friday that se-
curity issues related to diplomat-
ic posts in Libya and other coun-
tries were dealt with at the State
Department, not the White
House. Based on interviews with
administration officials, as well
as in diplomatic cables, and Con-
gressional testimony, those secu-
rity decisions appear to have
been made largely by midlevel
State Department security offi-
cials, and did not involve Secre-
tary of State Hillary Rodham
Clinton or her top aides. While it is unclear what impact
a handful of highly trained addi-
tional guards might have had in
Benghazi were they able to de-
ploy there, some State Depart-
ment officials said it would prob-
ably not have made any differ-
ence in blunting the Sept. 11 as-
sault from several dozen heavily
armed militants. “An attack of that kind of le-
thality, we’re never going to have
enough guns,” Patrick F. Ken-
nedy, under secretary of state for
management, said at Wednes-
day’s hearing. “We are not an
armed camp ready to fight it out.” A senior administration official
said that the military team, which
was authorized by a directive
from Defense Secretary Leon E.
Panetta, was never intended to
have an open-ended or Libya-
wide mission.
“This was not a SWAT team
with a DC-3 on alert to jet them
off to other cities in Libya to re-
spond to security issues,” said
the official, who spoke on the con-
dition of anonymity because of
the delicacy of the matter.
Security in Benghazi had been
a growing concern for American
diplomats this year. In April, the
convoy of the United Nations spe-
cial envoy for Libya was attacked
there. In early June, a two-vehi-
cle convoy carrying the British
ambassador came under attack
by rocket-propelled grenades.
Militants struck the American
mission with a homemade bomb,
but no one was hurt. In late June,
the Red Cross was attacked and
the organization pulled out. “We were the last thing on
their target list to remove from
Benghazi,” Lt. Col. Andrew Wood
of the Utah National Guard, who
was deployed in Tripoli as the
leader of the American military
security unit, told the House com-
mittee. But friends and colleagues of
Ambassador Stevens said he was
adamant about maintaining an
American presence in Benghazi,
the heart of the opposition to the
Qaddafi government. “Our people can’t live in bunk-
ers and do their jobs,” Mrs. Clin-
ton said Friday. “But it is our sol-
emn responsibility to constantly
improve, to reduce the risks our
people face and make sure they
have the resources they need to
do their jobs.”
At American diplomatic facili-
ties overseas, the host nation is
primarily responsible for provid-
ing security outside the com-
pound’s walls. Inside the com-
pound, the State Department is in
charge, relying on a mix of diplo-
matic security officers, local con-
tract guards and Marines. The
Marines are responsible for
guarding classified documents,
which they are instructed to de-
stroy if there is a breach of the
compound. Senior diplomats are
protected by diplomatic security
officers, not a detachment of Ma-
rines, as Mr. Ryan asserted in
Thursday night’s debate.
In deciding whether to extend
a military security team, the
State Department often faces a
difficult financial decision at a
time when its security budget is
under severe pressure. The de-
partment must reimburse the
Pentagon for the cost of these sol-
diers, an expense that can quick-
ly run into the millions of dollars.
For that reason, the State De-
partment typically pushes to
make the transition to local con-
tractors, who are much cheaper.
In their debate, Mr. Biden re-
sponded to Mr. Ryan’s attacks by
accusing him and his fellow Re-
publicans of cutting the adminis-
tration’s request for embassy se-
curity and construction. House
Republicans this year voted to
cut back the administration’s re-
quest, but still approved more
than was spent last year.
In an agreement between the
Pentagon and the State Depart-
ment, the military team was ex-
tended twice — December 2011
and March 2012 — but when it
came to a third extension, Eric A.
Nordstrom, the former chief se-
curity officer in Libya, said he
was told he could not request an-
other extension beyond August. Charlene Lamb, a deputy as-
sistant secretary in the Bureau of
Diplomatic Security, said at the
hearing that a request from Mr.
Nordstrom to extend the military
team was only a recommenda-
tion and that the State Depart-
ment had been right not to heed
it. Ms. Lamb also testified that
budget considerations played no
part in considering additional se-
curity. Decisions on diplomatic
security went no higher than Ms.
Lamb and, in limited cases, Mr.
Kennedy, officials said.
The broader strategy, Ms.
Lamb said, was to phase out the
American military team and rely
more on the Libyan militiamen
who were protecting the com-
pound along with a small number
of American security officers.
Ms. Lamb said this model of rely-
ing on locally hired guards had
worked at the United States Em-
bassy in Yemen. In a July 9 cable signed by Am-
bassador Stevens, the embassy
requested that the State Depart-
ment extend the tours for a mini-
mum of three security personnel
in Benghazi. The department had
earlier approved a request for
five guards for the mission,
which was still in effect at the
time of the July 9 cable.
Five American security agents
were at the compound at the time
of the assault, Ms. Lamb said,
though it was later noted that
only three were based at the com-
pound and that two had accom-
panied Mr. Stevens from Tripoli.
She said there were also three
members of a Libyan militia who
were helping to protect the com-
pound. Cables Show Requests to State Dept. for Security in Libya Were Focused on Tripoli
The American Mission in Benghazi, Libya, was seen in flames on Sept. 11 during a protest by an
armed group said at the time to have been protesting a film produced in the United States.
Michael R. Gordon contributed
reporting. answer cannot be to operate from
a bunker,” Eric A. Nordstrom,
who until earlier this year served
as the chief security officer at the
United States Embassy in Tripoli,
Libya, told the committee.
Barbara K.Bodine, who served
as ambassador to Yemen when
the destroyer Cole was bombed
in 2000, said: “What we need is a
policy of risk management, but
what we have now is a policy of
risk avoidance. Nobody wants to
take responsibility in case some-
thing happens, so nobody is will-
ing to have a debate over what is
reasonable security and what is
excessive.” For the State Department, the
security situation in Libya came
down in part to the question of
whether it was a war zone or just
another African outpost. Even though the country was
still volatile in the wake of the
bloody rebellion that ousted Col.
Muammar el-Qaddafi, the State
Department did not include Lib-
ya on a list of dangerous postings
that are high priority for extra se-
curity resources. Only the American Embassies
in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan
are exempted from awarding se-
curity contracts to the lowest bid-
der. Dangerous posts are allowed
to consider “best value” contract-
ing instead, according to a State
Department inspector general’s
report in February. The large private security
firms that have protected Ameri-
can diplomats in Iraq and Af-
ghanistan sought State Depart-
ment contracts in Libya, and at
least one made a personal pitch
to the ambassador, J.Christopher
Stevens, who was killed in the
militants’ attack in Benghazi on
Sept. 11, according to a senior offi-
cial at one firm. But given the Libyan edict ban-
ning the contractors, the Obama
administration was eager to re-
duce the American footprint
there. After initially soliciting
bids from major security compa-
nies for work in Libya, State De-
partment officials never followed
“We went in to make a pitch,
and nothing happened,” said the
security firm official. He said the
State Department could have
found a way around the Libyans’
objections if it had wanted to. Instead, the department relied
on a small British company to
provide several unarmed Libyan
guards for security at the mission
in Benghazi. For the personal
protection of the diplomats, the
department largely depended on
its Diplomatic Security Service.
The wrangling over protection
is part of a larger debate that has
been under way for years within
the State Department over how
to balance security with the need
of American diplomats to move
freely. Many diplomats rankle at the
constraints imposed on them by
security officials, who demand
that they travel around foreign
capitals in heavily armored con-
voys that local civilians find in-
sulting and that make it nearly
impossible for the envoys to meet
discreetly with foreign officials.
Many American diplomats have
also grown deeply frustrated by
the constraints imposed on them
by working in the new, highly se-
cure embassies that have been
constructed around the world
over the past decade.
After the 1998 bombings of two
American embassies in East Af-
rica by Al Qaeda, the State De-
partment began a multibillion-
dollar program to replace many
embassies with hardened and
highly secure facilities. American
construction companies with ex-
perience in building prisons and
military barracks won many of
the contracts to build cookie-cut-
ter buildings that look more like
fortresses than diplomatic out-
posts. Between 2001 and 2010, 52
embassies were built, and many
others are now under construc-
tion or being designed. Often located in remote subur-
ban areas far from crowded
streets, the buildings are de-
signed to withstand truck bombs,
but they also require local securi-
ty forces and heavily armed
guards to resist the type of attack
that the militants staged in Ben-
ghazi. But many diplomats say the
fortified embassies make it diffi-
cult for them to do their jobs,
forcing them to find ways around
them. Ronald E. Neumann, who
served as the ambassador in Af-
ghanistan from 2005 to 2007, and
who worked in Baghdad before
that, said that many foreign offi-
cials refuse to come into Ameri-
can Embassies because they are
insulted by the intrusive security
measures, and they do not want
American officials coming to
their homes with huge convoys.
“So you meet people in hotels,”
said Mr. Neumann, now the pres-
ident of the American Academy
of Diplomacy in Washington. The
security “has forced you to get
more creative.” That can mean taking more
risks. “A lot of people are simply
violating the security regulations
to do their jobs,” said Anthony H.
Cordesman, a national security
analyst at the Center for Interna-
tional and Strategic Studies in
Washington. “They have to find
ways to get out, and sometimes
they end-run the security officer,
or sometimes the security officer
will turn a blind eye.”
In fact, just as the Benghazi at-
tack occurred, the State Depart-
ment’s building department was
beginning to address some of the
frustrations by proposing more
open and accessible designs for
embassies. Under the new policy,
embassies will still have to meet
the same security standards, but
the State Department will re-
quire that a higher priority be
given to the visual appearance of
buildings and will try to situate
them in more central locations so
that they are not so isolated. It is
unclear whether the Benghazi
crisis will force the State De-
partment to abandon the new de-
sign policy. “The problem is that embas-
sies no longer function as public
buildings,” said Jane Loefller, the
author of “The Architecture of
Diplomacy,” a history of the de-
sign and construction of Ameri-
can embassies. “They used to be
public, but no longer.” For the State Department,
finding the right balance between
security and diplomacy has be-
come increasingly difficult in a
political environment. Perhaps
no one understands that as well
as Patrick F. Kennedy.
Five years ago, Mr. Kennedy,
then the under secretary of state
for management in the Bush ad-
ministration, was caught up in a
high-profile Congressional inves-
tigation of the episode in Nisour
Square. Democratic lawmakers
on the House Oversight Commit-
tee criticized the department for
lax management of overly ag-
gressive security contractors. This week, Mr. Kennedy, who
has the same job in the Obama
administration, faced Republi-
cans on the same House commit-
tee, who criticized the State De-
partment for lax management
and failing to provide more ag-
gressive security in Benghazi.
Private Security Hovers as Issue After Attack on U.S. Mission in Benghazi
Patrick F. Kennedy of the State Department testified Wednesday about the security situation in
Benghazi, Libya. The department has had difficulty balancing security and diplomacy. From Page A1
A Secret Service agent kept an eye on his surroundings as the Republican vice-presidential candidate, Representative Paul D. Ryan, talked on his cellphone
before boarding a flight in Louisville, Ky., the day after his debate with Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. in Danville, Ky.
Computer security experts have iden-
tified vulnerabilities in the voter regis-
tration databases in two states, raising
concerns about the ability of hackers
and others to disenfranchise voters. In the last five years, Maryland and
Washington State have set up voter reg-
istration systems that make it easy for
people to register to vote and update
their address information online. The
problem is that in both states, all the in-
formation required from voters to log in
to the system is publicly available. It took The New York Times less than
three minutes to track down the in-
formation online needed to update the
registrations of several prominent exec-
utives in Washington State. Complete
voter lists, which include a name, birth
date, addresses and party affiliation,
can be easily bought — and are, right
now, in the hands of thousands of cam-
paign volunteers.
Computer security experts and vot-
ing rights activists argue that a hacker
could use that information to, say,
change a person’s address online to en-
sure that the voter never receives a bal-
lot in Washington, where voting is now
done entirely by mail. In Maryland,
hackers could ensure that a voter is not
listed on the precinct register at a desig-
nated polling station. In that case, the
voter would be redirected to another
precinct, or asked to fill out a provision-
al ballot. In both cases, the person
would not be able to vote in local, or pos-
sibly, Congressional races.
But the real concern, critics say, is
that large numbers of voters from one
political party, or demographic, could
have their information changed by auto-
mated computer programs. A program
that could change tens of thousands of
voter records at once, they say, would
require only a dozen lines of code.
Rebecca Wilson,co-director of Save
Our Votes, a voting rights nonprofit,
said her organization did not initially
track how states set up their online sys-
tems. “We thought, ‘How badly could
you mess that up?’ Well, we learned,”
Ms. Wilson said. “Now, anyone in the
world can write a computer program
that commits absentee ballot fraud on a
mass scale.”
Maryland and Washington are not
considered swing states in next month’s
election, but as other states move to
online registration systems, security ex-
perts worry that they will follow Mary-
land and Washington’s example. Officials in the two states say that
concerns of a widespread cyberattack
are exaggerated. Washington officials
point out that voters who do not receive
their ballots can still print them online,
and they say, they have never received
a complaint about an address being un-
knowingly changed.
In Maryland, officials say they con-
sult with their own security experts to
pick up unusual patterns in online traf-
fic, like an effort to change thousands of
addresses from a single Internet ad-
dress. They point out that address
changes require a confirmation letter be
sent to the new address. If that bounces
back, the change is deemed invalid. Washington officials also cite their
use of “captchas,” which are meant to
help weed out humans from computer
programs. Captchas — those puzzles
used by e-commerce sites that require
people to type in a set of distorted let-
ters and numbers — are easy for hu-
mans to read and retype but difficult for
machines to decipher.
“What is technically possible and
what realistically could happen are very
different,” said Ross Goldstein,the dep-
uty administrator for Maryland’s Board
of Elections. But security experts say that these
measures are not enough to prevent a
determined hacker from disenfranchis-
ing scores of voters and influencing an
election. Critics say that hackers could
use botnets, networks of infected com-
puters, to change voters’ addresses.
And new machine learning technologies
can beat captchas, or people can be paid
to type them in, in real time, for as a lit-
tle as a penny per captcha or less.
“They could influence an election
with 20,000 votes for less than a penny a
head,” said J.Alex Halderman,one of
the computer scientists who first dis-
covered Washington’s loophole. “That
would be a great return on investment
for them.”
In Florida last month, Republican
state officials paid a company $1.3 mil-
lion to register voters, but county elec-
tion officials noticed several registra-
tions contained unauthorized address
changes and names of dead people
Laws in the state make it difficult to
vote if an address is recently changed.
“In theory, the same scenario is pos-
sible online, where it is much easier to
do,” said Charles Stewart III,a political
scientist at the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology.
Last week, Mr. Halderman, David
Jefferson, a computer scientist at Law-
rence Livermore National Laboratories,
and Barbara Simons, a retired IBM
computer scientist, sent a letter to
Washington and Maryland election offi-
cials with seven recommendations for
security, including authenticating vot-
ers with nonpublic information like the
last four digits of their Social Security
numbers and setting up disaster plans
that would let them shut down their sys-
tems during an attack.
Shane Hamlin,Washington’s co-di-
rector of elections, said that the state’s
registration closed last week, but that
his team planned to review transaction
logs for unusual activity. “Their sugges-
tions are all reasonable and doable,” Mr.
Hamlin said. “Some we have in place
and can build on, some are longer
term.” The computer scientists say that they
have yet to receive a response from Mr.
Hamlin’s counterparts in Maryland,
where online registration remains open. “We want to make voting as acces-
sible as possible,” Mr. Goldstein said.
But “there’s always risk in all systems.”
Voter Registration Rolls in 2 States Are Called Vulnerable to Hackers
Experts find online
weaknesses in Maryland
and Washington.
MEDINA, Ohio — Somewhere in the
barrage of negative political advertising
that is saturating the airwaves of great-
er Cleveland, Representative James B.
Renacci acknowledges in a new com-
mercial that neither he nor his Demo-
cratic opponent, Representative Betty
Sutton, hates puppies or grandmothers. “It’s ridiculous,” Mr. Renacci, a fresh-
men Republican, scoffs.
It’s a magnanimous gesture given the
overall brutal tone of this crucial House
campaign. But it is tempered by his
claim later in the ad that Ms. Sutton has
“voted to raise taxes on just about ev-
eryone.” And it is competing with two
hostile advertisements from the Na-
tional Republican Congressional Com-
mittee, the latest released Friday and
asserting that Ms. Sutton, a labor law-
yer, union favorite and daughter of an
Ohio boilermaker, is pushing “tax in-
creases for small business, devastating
job losses for Ohio.”
The onslaught of political attack ads
pummeling suburban Clevelanders has
even two of its ostensible beneficiaries,
Mr. Renacci and Ms. Sutton, complain-
ing they cannot get their messages
through. They are a rarity, two incum-
bents battling over a newly drawn dis-
trict where most voters have not seen
either’s name on the ballot before.
Their contest in the odd new district
winding through the southwestern
Cleveland suburbs to the tip of Akron is
clocking in as one of the two the most
expensive House races in the country.
Their state is ground zero in the presi-
dential race. A Senate contest between
the incumbent Democrat, Sherrod
Brown, and the Republican state treas-
urer, Josh Mandel, has pulled in tens of
millions of dollars in outside money to
fuel negative ads. Voters are sick of the
“People are just fed up with it,” Mr.
Renacci said after dropping in briefly at
a Medina Kiwanis Club candidates’ for-
um on Thursday. “They’re tired. They
tune it out. They want nothing to do
with it, which is a problem for me be-
cause I have to get my message out.” The race is one of only two contests
nationwide that pit a Democratic in-
cumbent against a Republican one (the
other is in Iowa between Tom Latham, a
Republican, and Leonard L. Boswell, a
Democrat). Redistricting by Ohio’s Re-
publican-controlled state legislature
was supposed to create a Republican-
leaning seat for Mr. Renacci’s first re-
election bid this year, part of a broader
effort to shore up Republican seats and
remove Ohio from the House battle-
ground. Voters in the new district gave
Senator John McCain 51 percent of the
presidential vote in 2008 and President Despite Ad Barrage, Two Incumbents Vying for One Seat Still Feel Unheard
Representative James B. Renacci, campaigning in Medina, Ohio, is running against Representative Betty Sutton. Continued on Page A13
administration’s handling of the
Libya attack has opened a new
front in the presidential cam-
paign just weeks before Election
Day as Republicans seize on it to
question the president’s perform-
ance as commander in chief.
The dispute over the episode
escalated after Vice President Jo-
seph R. Biden Jr. said during the
debate on Thursday night that
“we weren’t told” that Americans
in Libya wanted security bol-
stered, despite Congressional
testimony that the administra-
tion had turned down requests.
Mitt Romney’s campaign on Fri-
day accused the vice president of
trying “to mislead the American
The conflicting statements
over security came after the ad-
ministration’s fluctuating assess-
ments of the attack on the diplo-
matic post in Benghazi that killed
Ambassador J. Christopher Ste-
vens and three other Americans.
For President Obama, who had
counted on foreign policy as a po-
litical strength, the issue has put
him on the defensive, while Re-
publicans who had focused on the
economy now see a chance to un-
dercut his credibility with the
public on national security.
In a sense, the issue goes be-
yond foreign policy, which has
not been a top priority for voters
this year, polls show. Instead, Re-
publicans are framing the matter
as a larger indictment of Mr. Oba-
ma’s leadership and transparen-
cy, presenting him as unable to
create enough jobs at home or
protect American interests
abroad, while trying to shift the
blame to others. Democrats
counter by accusing Republicans
of politicizing a national tragedy.
Mr. Romney wasted little time
in criticizing the vice president
for contradicting testimony about
security concerns in Libya. “He’s
doubling down on denial,” Mr.
Romney said during a rally in
Richmond, Va. “And we need to
understand exactly what hap-
pened, as opposed to just having
people brush this aside. When
the vice president of the United
States directly contradicts the
testimony, sworn testimony, of
State Department officials,
American citizens have a right to
know just what’s going on, and
we’re going to find out.”
Two officials in charge of secu-
rity in Libya told a House com-
mittee this week that they asked
for more security officers but
were rebuffed by the State De-
partment. Asked about that on
Thursday night during his debate
with Representative Paul D.
Ryan, Mr. Romney’s running
mate, Mr. Biden said: “We
weren’t told they wanted more
security again. We did not know
they wanted more security
The White House tried to ex-
plain Mr. Biden’s comments by
saying that diplomatic security
requests were handled by the
State Department, not the White
House. “The vice president was
speaking about himself, the pres-
ident and the White House,” said
Jay Carney, the White House
press secretary. “He was not re-
ferring to the administration.”
Mr. Carney was pressed re-
peatedly by reporters to explain
what the president and the vice
president knew and when they
knew it, but he declined to an-
swer in detail. Mr. Carney would
not say whether Mr. Obama and
Mr. Biden were specifically in-
formed about the security con-
cerns in Libya.
Mr. Carney accused Republi-
cans of hypocrisy for voting
against diplomatic security
spending, singling out Mr. Ryan.
“I find it rich that charges are
made about concern over diplo-
matic security by those who rou-
tinely slash funding for diplomat-
ic security to pay for tax cuts,” he
The government spent $2.43
billion on diplomatic security in
the 2010 fiscal year, when Demo-
crats last controlled both houses
of Congress. The figure then fell
to $2.29 billion in 2011 before ris-
ing to $2.37 billion in the fiscal
year that ended Sept. 30. The ad-
ministration asked for $2.84 bil-
lion for 2013, but House Repub-
licans whittled that down to $2.62
billion.A State Department offi-
cial testified that the budget
played no role in deciding on se-
curity in Libya.
Mr. Biden was expecting tough
questions in the debate about the
Benghazi attack and security
concerns at the American mis-
sion there, according to people fa-
miliar with his preparation. But
he still seemed caught off guard
when the moderator, Martha
Raddatz of ABC News, pressed
him on whether American diplo-
mats had requested additional
security in Libya.
Senior administration officials
said Mr. Biden’s answer was ac-
curate because while the embas-
sy in Tripoli requested an exten-
sion of duty for 13 military or dip-
lomatic security officers — which
the State Department denied — it
did not request additional guards
for the mission in Benghazi.
Moreover, they said, the request
did not reach the White House.
The Libya attack has risen to
the forefront of the campaign
even as other foreign policy is-
sues, like the war in Afghanistan
and the building confrontation
with Iran, have remained second-
ary topics. The administration at
first attributed the deaths of Mr.
Stevens and the others to an op-
portunistic attack during protests
against an anti-Islam film. Offi-
cials eventually termed the as-
sault a terrorist attack tied to
Qaeda sympathizers and played
down the protest angle.
“First they blame a YouTube
video and a nonexistent riot,” Mr.
Ryan told supporters in Lancas-
ter, Ohio. “Then when the coun-
try’s getting upset about it, they
blame Romney and Ryan for get-
ting people upset about it.”
How much the issue has influ-
enced voters remains uncertain.
Approval of Mr. Obama’s han-
dling of foreign policy fell from 54
percent in August to 49 percent
last month after the Benghazi at-
tack, while disapproval rose from
40 percent to 46 percent, accord-
ing to a survey by NBC News and
The Wall Street Journal at the
end of September.
At the same time, Republicans
are focusing attention on national
security even as they worry that
the economy may not offer as
much traction as they once
thought. Polls have shown some
increasing optimism about the
economy as unemployment has
fallen to 7.8 percent, the lowest it
has been during Mr. Obama’s
Mr. Romney ratcheted up his
criticism of the president over
Benghazi all week, but he has in-
tentionally stayed one or two
steps behind fiercer Republican
critics in Congress, his advisers
said. He has not joined Congres-
sional Republicans in accusing
the administration of playing
down a terrorist link to the attack
to save the president from em-
barrassment close to the election.
The campaign wants to avoid a
repetition of its first hasty re-
sponse to the attack, when Mr.
Romney accused the administra-
tion of apologizing to protesters,
a statement widely criticized as
irresponsible. Mr. Romney began
the week with a foreign policy
speech at Virginia Military Insti-
tute that was intended to offer a
reset on his credibility as a com-
mander in chief. The effort will
continue at the second presiden-
tial debate on Tuesday, the first
time foreign policy will be a topic
between him and Mr. Obama.
Mitt Romney in Columbus, Ohio, on Friday. In Virginia, he said, “We need to understand exactly what happened” in Libya.
New Front in Race as Republicans Seize On Libya Questions for the
president in the vice
president’s remarks.
Peter Baker reported from Wash-
ington, and Trip Gabriel from
Richmond, Va. the Republican congressman
running against her, called using
both pronunciations “cheesy”
even though he has waffled him-
self, saying “Missouruh has a
choice” when he announced his
And the differences extend to
the top of the ticket. Mitt Rom-
ney, who is favored to win Mis-
souri, asked the crowd at a cam-
paign event in the state during
the primary race, “How many
say Missouree like I do?” Presi-
dent Obama has favored Missou-
ruh in his appearances.
The debate serves as a low-
stakes case study for the age-old
art of political pandering — that
alternately endearing and conde-
scending process of cultivating
the “just like you” appeal that re-
mains a central part of running
for office. Other linguistic exam-
ples include presidential candi-
dates dropping g’s before South-
ern audiences or changing the ca-
dence of their speech before
black audiences.
There are states where locals
cringe at mangling by outsiders
or where regional accents signal
deep local roots (New Yawk and
Loo-si-ana) but Missouri is the
only state where there is funda-
mental, if mostly good natured,
disagreement about saying the
state’s name.
Scholars believe the name Mis-
souri — however it is pronounced
— comes from a word the Illinois
Indians used to describe a neigh-
boring tribe: “one who has a ca-
noe.” But historical reasons for
the split have been a matter of
considerable debate among lin-
guists and historians. Some believe it started as an
east-west split, with St. Louis fa-
voring “ee” and Kansas City
“uh.” Popular belief holds that
the southern half of the state is
"Missourah," with Highway 70
serving as a sort of Mason-Dixon
line, and still others contend that
“Missouree” is city, “Missouruh”
is country.
Increasingly, however, the di-
vide is not geographical but gen-
“The Missouruh pronunciation
carries a degree of stigma as in-
correct or at least old-fashioned,”
said Matthew Gordon, an associ-
ate professor of English who
studies linguistics at the Univer-
sity of Missouri. “So many young
people may avoid it even if they
come from families in which the
older generations used that pro-
nunciation.” Yet there is one demographic
group that cannot seem to scrub
the Missouruh name from their
“A high percentage of our poli-
ticians say Missouruh,” mused
Lyle Anderson, the mayor of Leb-
anon, who prefers the other con-
struction. Such politicians include, his-
torically, President Harry S. Tru-
man, a Democrat, and more re-
cently, former Senators John
Ashcroft and Christopher S.
Bond, both Republicans. Today,
most of the state’s top officials
stick mostly to “Missouree,” but
they sprinkle the other ending
into the occasional speech, espe-
cially when they’re introducing
themselves or speaking to rural
audiences. Strategists say that’s
just good Missouri manners. “It’s almost like a courtesy,
when you’re in somebody else’s
home, to relate to them,” said
Steve Glorioso, a Democratic
consultant in Kansas City who
has advised those on the stump
to adjust the pronunciations to
match the audiences.
Jeff Roe, a longtime Repub-
lican operative in the state, said
he has never discussed pronunci-
ation with a Missourian candi-
date, but advises those from out
of state: “Stay safe and say Mis-
souruh.” (Indeed, in the Senate
race, most of the television ads
using the soft vowel, known to
linguists as a schwa, come from
national political action commit-
tees.) Mr. Nixon, a moderate Demo-
crat, whose policy positions
sometimes reflect the same try-
to-please-everyone approach as
his use of the state name, is fa-
vored to win a second term. And
in one of the country’s most com-
petitive Senate races, Ms. Mc-
Caskill has struggled to pull away
from Mr. Akin, despite his com-
ments about “legitimate rape.”
There have been occasional,
fruitless, efforts to end the debate
over the state name. In 1907, a
resolution introduced in the state
House to establish the “only true
pronunciation as that received by
the native Indians” — a third
way, Mih-SOO-rih — failed by
voice vote. In 1970, Gov. Warren
E. Hearnes announced to some
fanfare that both pronunciations
are correct. In 2002, as secretary
of state, Matt Blunt polled visi-
tors at the Missouri State Fair
about how to say the state name,
with Missouree winning in a
It remains unclear what, if any,
weight voters put on hearing
their preferred pronunciation of
the state’s name. Many Missouri-
ans insist they couldn’t care less.
But politicians rarely turn down
an opportunity for an edge. Ms. McCaskill, who was
mocked years ago for recording
separate campaign advertise-
ments for different parts of the
state that featured the different
pronunciations, still switches
back and forth. But her campaign
was eager to pass off the changes
as accidental, releasing a state-
ment saying she “always” used
both. “Over-thinking it just gets
you into trouble, so we don’t,” the
statement said. “It all comes nat-
urally.” Governor Nixon, mean-
while, endured some gentle chid-
ing after his inauguration, when
he pledged to defend “the Consti-
tution of the state of Missouree”
and the “office of governor of the
state of Missouruh.” He jokingly
acknowledges that he can’t keep
it straight.“When you spend as
much time as Governor Nixon
does in every corner of the state,”
said Sam Murphey, a spokesman,
“you really don’t pay much atten-
tion to this sort of thing.”
His Republican challenger, Mr.
Spence, disagreed: “People can
see through insincerity from
about 150 yards.” He added that
he would never change his “Mis-
souree” pronunciation for politi-
cal gain.
But he confessed that he only
realized that his wife of 22 years
said “Missouruh” after his cam-
paign began. “I’d never even noticed that
she did that,” Mr. Spence said.
Missouree? Missouruh? To Be Politic in ‘Show Me’ State, It’s Best to Say Both
Gov. Jay Nixon and Senator Claire McCaskill have both taken a
firm stand to sit on the fence about how to pronounce Missouri.
From Page A1
Dan Gill contributed reporting
from Sedalia, Mo.
The vice-presidential debate
on Thursday provoked heated
discussion into the next day. Here
are a look at two disputed claims.
Leaving Afghanistan
At the debate, Vice President
Joseph R. Biden Jr. could not
have been more emphatic: By
the end of 2014 Americans will be
out of Afghanistan. “We are leav-
ing. We are leaving in 2014, peri-
od.” After that, he said, it was up
to the Afghans to secure their
own country.
But leaving? Not exactly. In every major conversation
with the Afghans and the Paki-
stanis, American officials talk
about their plans for an “endur-
ing presence” of American
No one says, at least officially,
how big that enduring partner-
ship would be. But the internal
estimates cited by American offi-
cials in recent interviews run
from 10,000 to 15,000 troops. That
would include a counterterrorism
force, probably made up of spe-
cial forces and training forces.
Those troops would be there to
keep the Afghan security forces
on track and as a tripwire to keep
the Taliban from taking Kabul, if
they ever threatened the capital
again. The force would include
drone operators, so that the Unit-
ed States can keep patrolling the
skies and, on occasion, launch
missile attacks inside Pakistan or
in Afghan territory. And, least discussed of all, it in-
cludes bomb search teams and
other specialists to keep an eye
on Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal.
There is no bigger concern inside
the Obama administration than
how to respond if a nuclear weap-
on or nuclear material were at
large, and after a 2009 scare —
when the White House briefly
thought the Pakistani Taliban
might have obtained nuclear ma-
terial — President Obama has in-
sisted that the United States be
able to respond quickly, accord-
ing to interviews with current
and former administration offi-
Of course, the “enduring part-
nership” has not been agreed to
yet by the Afghan government. It
could fall apart, as a continuing
presence in Iraq did. But many in
the administration think that
President Hamid Karzai will
have little choice, given the weak-
ness of his own forces. When the White House press
secretary, Jay Carney, was asked
on Friday about Mr. Biden’s com-
ments, he said President Obama
“has made clear that this is not a
war without end” and reaffirmed
Mr. Biden’s argument that the Af-
ghans had to take responsibility
for their own country. But he did
not discuss the “enduring pres-
ence” plan. DAVIDE.SANGER
Abortion Politics, Again
When Representative Paul D.
Ryan, the Republican vice-presi-
dential nominee, pledged at the
debate on Thursday night that
“the policy of a Romney adminis-
tration is to oppose abortion with
exceptions for rape, incest and
life of the mother,” it illustrated
just how vexing the abortion is-
sue has become for Mitt Romney
and his running mate.
Asked if those “who believe
that abortion should remain le-
gal” should be worried if a Rom-
ney-Ryan ticket were elected, Mr.
Ryan said, “We don’t think that
unelected judges should make
this decision.” “People through their elected
representatives,” he added,
should make decisions about
abortion “through the democratic
process” — a statement tanta-
mount to saying that abortion
policy should be changed
through legislation.
But Mr. Romney, in a recent in-
terview with The Des Moines
Register, said that abortion
would not be on his legislative
agenda. “There’s no legislation
with regards to abortion that I’m
familiar with that would become
part of my agenda,” he said. His campaign quickly back-
pedaled. “Governor Romney
would of course support legisla-
tion aimed at providing greater
protections for life,” said Andrea
Saul, a spokeswoman. But his statement, in itself, car-
ries echoes of a pledge that Mr.
Romney made, and reneged on,
when he was governor of Massa-
chusetts. Mr. Romney began his political
career saying he favored a wom-
an’s right to an abortion. As a
candidate for governor in 2002,
Mr. Romney filled out a question-
naire for Planned Parenthood
saying that he supported “the
substance” of the Supreme
Court’s 1973 landmark abortion-
rights decision, Roe v. Wade.
While he personally opposed
abortion, he said that he would
not impose his views on others
and pledged to keep intact abor-
tion rights that already existed
under state law.
But while governor, Mr. Rom-
ney cited his anti-abortion views
in taking a stand against creating
embryos for scientific experi-
mentation. And he vetoed a bill to
expand access to emergency con-
traception. He said a medical pro-
fessional had told him that the
drug, known as the morning-af-
ter pill, would “terminate life af-
ter conception.”
This appears to have been a
crucial point for Mr. Romney, the
moment he decided he could no
longer say he favored abortion
rights. This year, Mr. Romney ex-
plained his actions by saying he
realized that he could not “just
leave things the way they were.”
In the debate, Mr. Ryan subju-
gated his own views on abortion
to those of Mr. Romney. Mr. Ryan
has opposed abortion under any
circumstances. He was a co-spon-
sor of legislation that would pre-
vent federal funds from being
used for abortion even in the case
of rape, incest or a threat to the
life of the mother. He also voted
for the Protect Life Act, which
grants hospitals the right to deny
abortions to pregnant women
who are dying. SHERYL GAY STOLBERG
CHECK POINT Claims on Abortion
And Afghanistan
Get a Closer Look
The online version of The Caucus, a blog looking at the latest
political news from around the country:
George W. Bush 54 percent in
“By the numbers, this isn’t a
great Democratic opportunity,
but Republicans have to take it
seriously because Sutton is run-
ning,” said Nathan L. Gonzales, a
House analyst at the nonpartisan
Rothenberg Political Report.
Ms. Sutton, in her third term,
has proved tenacious, and this is
the type of race that Democrats
need to win if they want to seri-
ously dent the Republican House
majority. The race is rated by
most analysts as a pure tossup, in
part because of the makeup of the
new district. Only 42 percent of
its constituents are from Mr.
Renacci’s current district, while
21 percent are from Ms. Sutton’s.
And both candidates have a lot of
static to break through to reach
those constituents.
“It’s a hard road to climb be-
cause they’re hearing a lot from
outside money coming into this
district,” Ms. Sutton said. “The
outside money that comes in
without disclosure — we don’t
even know who exactly is behind
it — has a corruptive influence.”
Those are not the complaints of
candidates feeling outgunned,
just unheard. Washington Repub-
licans appear determined to
bring back Mr. Renacci, an afflu-
ent businessman who was once
part owner of an Arena Football
League team. Republican “super
PACs” and the National Repub-
lican Congressional Committee
have pumped at least $1.6 million
into the district for attacks on Ms.
Sutton. But Ms. Sutton’s union backers
have proven at least as deter-
mined to keep her on Capitol Hill.
Outside groups, from big unions
to new Democratic super PACs,
have spent nearly $2.2 million on
Ms. Sutton’s behalf, the vast ma-
jority on attacking her opponent. She, in turn, has not tempered
her populist pitch to fit a more
suburban, more business-orient-
ed electorate. If anything, she has
heightened it.
“Ohioans, regardless of where
they live, are looking for a gov-
ernment that is on their side, not
on their back,” she said in an in-
terview. “I believe this is a dis-
trict where the daughter of a boil-
ermaker can still beat the fifth
most wealthy member of Con-
Their stark political differences
have made the contest a marquee
race, a small-government Repub-
lican who opposes any tax in-
creases and new regulations
against a union Democrat cam-
paigning for tax increases on the
rich and Buy America laws and
against free trade deals. In tone
and temperament, they present a
starker contrast than the Iowa
race featuring two incumbents.
“This race is about two polar
opposites, no doubt about it,” Mr.
Renacci said, concluding a candi-
dates’ debate Wednesday at the
City Club of Cleveland.
But both fear that their efforts
to reach potential constituents
are hitting a wall of political noise
and an electorate that has had
more than enough. Viewers in
the Cleveland media market have
been treated to 65,781 political ad-
vertisements this year so far, sec-
ond only to Las Vegas’s 71,326,
according to Kantar Media/
CMAG, which tracks political ad
spending and traffic. (Denver
comes in third, at 50,271 spots.) If
Clevelanders feel picked on in
their home state, they have been.
Columbus is well behind, with
49,381 spots shown so far, while
Cincinnati television has been
treated to 35,670.
Voters in suburban Cleveland
— Republican, Democratic and
independent — use one word to
describe it: disgust. “Nobody
trusts people in political office
right now,” said Jeff Johnson, 59,
a supply chain technology man-
ager in Medina and a Renacci
Some say they have decided
not to vote. Judith Cross, 67, a
Democrat from Medina, said a
Republican friend told her that
“those ads against Sherrod
Brown made me feel so bad for
him I sent him money.”
Mr. Renacci said he was wor-
ried about how this campaign cy-
cle would reverberate in Wash-
ington once it is over. Redistrict-
ing has made candidates and
their supporters more dependent
on advertising, just as enormous
sums have been made available
by the Supreme Court’s Citizens
United decision giving corpora-
tions and unions almost unlimit-
ed access to the political sphere.
There is simply not enough time
for candidates to get know voters
through retail campaigning, Mr.
Renacci said, so the caricatures
presented in attacks ads are what
people will end up voting on on
Nov. 6, making cooperation in
Washington that much harder.
“These commercials and the
presidential and the Senate cam-
paigns really have caused people
to put on two uniforms,” he said.
“And what’s even worse, the uni-
forms stay on, because what hap-
pens is the loser gets mad and
doesn’t say, ‘Hey, good game.’ It
becomes, ‘I can’t believe you vot-
ed for that person.’”
That is not to say those attack
ads are pointless. Joe Dmitruck,
a quality inspector at a stamping
plant sitting down to dinner at
the Whip restaurant in Parma
Heights, explained his support
for Ms. Sutton with language
straight from the television.
“I heard too much stuff about
Renacci and the big money he’s
getting from the oil companies,”
he said. “I don’t know if half of
that stuff is true, but just the com-
His wife, Audrey, interrupted,
“I don’t know if you can believe
any of that.”
“Well,” Mr. Dmitruck conclud-
ed, “you’ve got to believe some-
Despite Ad Barrage in Ohio, Two Incumbents Vying for One Seat Still Feel Unheard
Representative Betty Sutton, a
Democrat, says outside
money in the race has had a
“corruptive influence.”
From Page A11
EDUCATION Mr. Renacci, the
Republican, graduated from
Indiana University of
Pennsylvania with a degree in
accounting. Ms. Sutton, the
Democrat, studied political
science at Kent State University
and earned a law degree from
the University of Akron.
53, is married to Tina Renacci
and has three grown children.
Ms. Sutton, 49, is married to
Doug Corwon, a mediator
with the Federal Mediation
and Conciliation Service.
began his lucrative business
career in the nursing home
industry, owned a car
dealership and co-owned the
Columbus Destroyers, an Arena
Football League team. His
political career began on the
Wadsworth City Council and
continued as the town’s mayor.
When elected to the House in
2010, he became one of
Congress’s richest members.
Ms. Sutton ran for the City
Council of her hometown,
Barberton, Ohio, when she was
a first-year law student in her
mid-20s. She served on the
Summit County Council and in
the Ohio House before being
elected to Congress in the
Democratic sweep of 2006.
2010 census, the
legislature, working with a
Republican governor, John
Kasich, did not set out to redraw
the state’s Congressional map
to hurt Democrats so much as
to shore up Republicans who
had dominated the 2010
election. Ohio was once
considered a crucial
battleground state for control of
the House, but the new map all
but took it out of play. The district drawn for Mr.
Renacci has also proved more
competitive than expected. It
encompasses all of heavily
Republican Wayne County, and
some of western Cuyahoga
County’s more reliable
Republican areas, like
Strongville, North Royalton and
Westlake, as well as parts of
Summit, Portage, Medina and
Stark Counties. The two
incumbents battling over the
new district have been forced to
reach out to voters who have
never seen either candidate’s
name on a ballot before. The
new district includes 42 percent
of the voters in Mr. Renacci’s
current district and 21 percent
of the voters in Ms. Sutton’s.
James B. Renacci and Betty Sutton
Competing in Ohio’s 16th Congressional District.
thought that the vice-presi-
dential debate was the hottest
political face-off around, think
That meeting seemed tame
compared with what took
place here on Thursday night
when a Congressional debate
between two incumbent Dem-
ocrats,Brad Sherman and
Howard Berman,turned into a
nose-to-nose shouting match,
with Mr. Sherman roughly
grabbing Mr. Berman around
the shoulder,shouting, “Do
you want to get into this?”
With shouts of “Oh my
God!” rising from the crowd,
the debate moderator called
for calm, and a uniformed offi-
cer walked to the front to
break the two men apart.
Before the physical contact,
Mr. Berman had stepped in-
creasingly closer to Mr. Sher-
man as the two tried to talk
above the crowd. But it was
Mr. Sherman who lurched to
Mr. Berman, seizing him by
the shoulder.
Mr. Berman looked shocked,
gesturing at Mr. Sherman with
his thumb. The two men kept
talking face to face until the of-
ficer arrived.
The altercation was cap-
tured on video and posted
online by Mr. Berman’s cam-
The race to represent Cali-
fornia’s 30th District is per-
haps the most hotly contested
Congressional race in the
country. Mr. Berman and Mr.
Sherman have never liked
each other, and their enmity
was only increased when they
found themselves thrown into
the same district because of
redistricting. IAN LOVETT
UP IN ARMS Heated End for California Debate
Brad Sherman roughly
grabbed Howard Berman
during a Congressional de-
bate in Los Angeles.
The Romney campaign did
not immediately respond to a
question about whether it
would cease using the slogan.
The “Friday Night Lights”
television show, about a high
school football team, won criti-
cal acclaim and passionate
fans, but low ratings during its
five seasons on NBC, ending
last year. Mr. Romney, who
does not name the show, em-
braced the “clear eyes” slogan
at the first presidential debate,
where it appeared on a sign in
his backstage waiting area.
Shortly after, Mr. Romney
began using it at rallies, usu-
ally after describing a 14-year-
old boy he had befriended and
counseled as the boy was dy-
ing of leukemia. He said the
boy’s bravery in facing death
reminded him of the slogan,
which in the show is chanted
by players in the locker room
as inspiration before a game. TRIP GABRIEL
All week, Mitt Romney has
quoted from one of his favorite
television series to punctuate
the poignant stories of lives
cut short that he has woven
into his campaign speeches.
But on Friday, the creator of
the series, “Friday Night
Lights,” accused Mr. Romney
of plagiarism for adopting the
slogan, “Clear eyes, full
hearts,can’t lose,” and asked
him to stop using it.
“Your politics and campaign
are clearly not aligned with
the themes we portrayed in
our series,” Peter Berg,the
writer-director of the show,
wrote in a letter to Mr. Rom-
“The only relevant compari-
son I see between your cam-
paign and ‘Friday Night
Lights’ is in the character of
Buddy Garrity — who turned
his back on American car
manufacturers, selling import-
ed cars from Japan.”
TV Show Creator
Complains to Romney
WASHINGTON — Vice Presi-
dent Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s smirk-
ing, aggressive performance dur-
ing the vice-presidential debate
on Thursday could be seen as a
message for his boss: Here’s how
you do it.
But for President Obama, who
is hunkering down at debate
camp in Williamsburg, Va., for
the weekend, the challenge is to
find the right mix of assertive-
ness and calm when he faces Mitt
Romney on Tuesday in a town
hall-style debate. And while Mr. Obama will try
to avoid repeating his own pas-
sive performance in the first
presidential debate, he may also
want to steer clear of Mr. Biden’s
slashing style, which was widely
criticized by Republicans as con-
descending and arrogant.
Mr. Obama said late Thursday
that his running mate was “terrif-
ic” and made a “very strong
case” during the debate with
Representative Paul D. Ryan, Mr.
Romney’s running mate. But
aides said the president’s style
would not be affected by Mr. Bi-
den’s approach.
Mr. Obama will be aggressive
next week, they promised, but in
his own way.
“The president is eager for the
next debate, and he’ll be passion-
ate and energetic in describing
how far we’ve come as a country
in the last four years,” said Steph-
anie Cutter, Mr. Obama’s deputy
campaign manager. “Part of
what last night showed is that the
facts and the truth matter, and
the president will make sure they
matter next week as well.”
Mr. Biden’s wide grin and ener-
getic demeanor prompted cheers
from Democrats who had been
desperate for the kind of in-your-
face political rumble that Mr.
Obama did not deliver a week
But Mr. Biden repeatedly
mocked and interrupted Mr.
Ryan, leading Republicans to use
words like “unhinged,” “buffoon”
and “disrespectful” in the hours
after the fast-paced, 90-minute
exchange ended.
Mark Salter, a senior adviser to
Senator John McCain’s presiden-
tial campaign in 2008, quipped on
his Facebook page: “Evidently,
the Obama campaign debate
strategy is sleepy cop/crystal
meth cop.”
History suggests that vice-
presidential debates have rarely
affected elections in big ways.
And early snap polls on Friday
suggested that most viewers
were divided over who won.
Still, partisans on both sides
seized on Mr. Biden’s perform-
Jim Messina, the president’s
campaign manager, said in a
statement that Mr. Biden did as
well as Democrats had hoped,
calling the debate a “clash be-
tween facts and conviction on one
side and glib lines and empty
promises on the other.”
Chris Lehane, a former senior
aide to President Bill Clinton and
Vice President Al Gore, said Mr.
Biden “came out punching from
the first bell and never stopped in
his effort to seize back the offen-
sive, especially on the trust is-
He added: “If scored on the ba-
sis of the sheer number of punch-
es thrown and punches landed,
he won on a TKO.”
But Tim Miller, a spokesman
for the Republican National Com-
mittee, helped kick off a drum-
beat of Republican criticism, us-
ing the hashtag #BidenUnhinged
on Twitter.
“You almost can’t blame Joe
Biden for being so unhinged,” Mr.
Miller said in a statement. “It
must be frustrating to debate
when you have a record that is so
hard to defend and not a single
tangible plan for the second term
besides tax hikes.”
Sarah Palin, who debated Mr.
Biden four years ago as the Re-
publican vice-presidential nomi-
nee, said on Fox News that he re-
minded her of “of watching a
musk ox run across the tundra
with somebody underfoot.”
Senator Rand Paul, Republican
of Kentucky, told BuzzFeed, an
online news site, that Mr. Biden
looked like “an arrogant Cheshire
cat with a big smile.”
Mr. Biden may be insulated to
some degree from criticism by
the mounting demands from
Democrats that he make up for
Mr. Obama’s lethargic display
during his debate. If Democrats
wanted Mr. Biden to be animat-
ed, they certainly got their wish.
Hilary Rosen, a Democratic
strategist and supporter of Mr.
Obama’s, said Friday morning
that Mr. Biden’s unforgiving ap-
proach toward his rival motivat-
ed the party’s core voters. “I
think for the base, much of this is
theater,” Ms. Rosen said in an
e-mail. “We know who we are for
but we need to see great perform-
ances because it helps us spread
the word that this is a ticket
worth buying.”
Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. at a rally in La Crosse, Wis., on Friday. Republicans criticized his aggressive debate tactics.
In Biden, Inspiration, but Imitation Is Not Expected
Democrats admire a
feisty debate, but
aides say Obama’s
style is his own.
16th Congressional
Lake Erie
Redistricting was supposed to
help Mr. Renacci’s re-election. Cleveland has seen
nearly 66,000
political ads this year. A14
WINNSBORO, Tex. — Deep within
the oak and pine forests that blanket
this stretch of East Texas, the chug of
machinery drones on late into the day,
broken only by the sounds of a band of
activists who have vowed to stop it. Here, among the woods and farm-
land, what might be one of the last
pitched battles over the Keystone XL oil
pipeline has been unfolding for weeks
now, since construction of the contro-
versial project’s southern leg began in
August. As bulldozers and diggers churn up a
50-foot-wide path for the pipeline —this
portion will run from Cushing, Okla., to
the Gulf Coast —a small group of envi-
ronmental activists have taken to the
towering trees in its way. And with the blessing of some land-
owners who live here, and whose prop-
erty the pipeline will cross, the protest-
ers have fashioned a web of tree houses,
structures and pulleys in a last-ditch ef-
fort to keep the enormous project from
rumbling forward. “Initially, a lot of the environmental
movement on a national scale had kind
of written this fight off,” said Ron Seif-
ert, a spokesman for the Tar Sands
Blockade, a group of environmental ac-
tivists who have gathered near Winns-
boro and contend that the oil sands
crude that the pipeline will carry is es-
pecially toxic. “But we have awakened folks from
that slumber,” he said. “I think now
there is an understanding that people
are not going to give this up.” TransCanada, the company behind
the project, said construction had not
been impeded in most cases, proceed-
ing safely around where some activists
have remained perched in the oaks for
nearly three weeks. The tree sitters, as
they are known, have survived on
canned food and water and spent much
of their time reading. But at times, the company acknowl-
edged, the situation has become dan-
gerous. “In one case, protesters jumped
underneath a truck and tied themselves
to the rear axle with plastic,” Shawn
Howard, a TransCanada spokesman,
said by e-mail. “They were fortunate
that the driver saw them go under — if
he had not, it could have had very se-
rious consequences for everyone.” Mr. Howard said the company was
making sure that work sites were safe,
“even for those who are breaking the
law and trespassing on these locations.” Still, as protesters have staked out po-
sitions in tree platforms 70 feet high and
along a 100-foot-long wall lashed togeth-
er with timber, tensions in East Texas
have risen along the route of the pipe-
line — slated for completion next year. Off-duty police officers, hired by a
TransCanada contractor, patrol the pe-
rimeter of construction sites day and
night.This month, one man chained
himself to a concrete capsule buried in
the dirt before police managed to dis-
connect and arrest him, Mr. Seifert said. And on Oct. 4, the actress Daryl Han-
nah was arrested alongside a local land-
owner, Eleanor Fairchild, 78, after they
blocked heavy equipment clearing a
path through Ms. Fairchild’s property. Both women were taken to the Wood
County Jail on criminal trespassing
charges and released, according to jail
records. Ms. Hannah also faces resist-
ing arrest charges. Sheriff Bill Wansley of Wood County
did not respond to a request for com-
ment. Mr. Seifert said 21 protesters had
been arrested since the end of August. It is not by accident that environ-
mental activists chose Winnsboro,
about 100 miles east of Dallas, to make
their stand. They have found an un-
likely ally in the battle-weary Texas
families here who have fought the
project for years. One landowner, Susan Scott, said she
had no idea the pipeline would carry oil
sands crude, and signed over a right of
way to TransCanada only because she
feared a lawsuit. Ms. Scott, 62, has since taken the
$22,000 she was compensated and bur-
ied it in a fruit jar on her 60-acre prop-
erty. “I don’t care if it rots. It’s tainted Last-Ditch Bid in Texas
Susan Scott said she came to regret accepting $20,000 for access to her
property for the pipeline after she learned the kind of oil that would be used. Environmentalists dare
the bulldozers by taking to
the treetops.
Continued on Page A16
South Los Angeles who worried their
neighborhood would be left barren. A
deal to avoid a lawsuit was reached just
a few weeks ago. Street signs have also been removed;
thousands of steel plates have been
placed on the road to protect water and
sewer pipes underneath from bursting
under the shuttle’s weight; and several
major power lines along the way were
to be temporarily taken down. But it is the immense public interest
that poses one of the biggest challenges
for engineers, according to Richard
Plump, the president of Plump Engi-
neering, which is assisting with the En-
LOS ANGELES — The space shuttle
Endeavour rolled out of Los Angeles In-
ternational Airport around 2 a.m. Fri-
day for what has been named Mission
26: the two-day crawl through urban
streets to retirement at the California
Science Center 12 miles away. Actually, crawling might have been
faster. Traveling aboard a specially de-
signed 80-wheel transporter and stop-
ping frequently while it maneuvered
carefully between streetlights and wait-
ing for overhanging tree branches to be
felled, the shuttle took hours to cover
just its first couple of miles. But the slow progress only facilitated
the paradelike atmosphere that fol-
lowed the spaceship. By the time the
sun was up Friday morning, thousands
had gathered in the parking lot where
the Endeavour had pulled in for a rest. “Oh my goodness! Oh my goodness!”
said Lealind Vitello, 7, who stood, gap-
ing, outside her elementary school
across the street. “It’s parked just in
front of the school. I go to that school!” Her mother, Lisa Vitello, though cal-
mer, was no less awe-struck. “It’s amazing to see it this close, and
to know that it’s been in space,” Ms.
Vitello said. “To have this piece of histo-
ry in our little neighborhood is incredi-
ble.” But for all the excitement that the
shuttle’s arrival has engendered here —
this city, considered a cultural also-ran
by many, is now home to one of only
four retired NASA space shuttles — ac-
tually moving the Endeavour through
the dense streets has hardly been as
smooth as the space shuttle Enter-
prise’s float up the Hudson River in
New York. Hundreds of trees were cut down so
that the shuttle could make the trip in
one piece, angering many residents of
deavour’s move. “That’s a problem for us,” Mr. Plump
said. “We have to make sure the shuttle
is safe and the public is safe.” While the Endeavour stayed parked
in the lot near the airport through the
early afternoon as engineers prepared
for the next phase of its journey, a
makeshift festival cropped up around it. Parents and students sold baked
goods and hot dogs to the steadily grow-
ing crowd outside the elementary
school. Some teenagers skipped school
altogether to come sell Endeavour
T-shirts, Silly String, cotton candy and
plastic horns. But students were not the only ones
playing hooky. Sandra Krauthamer and
Mariana Cunningham left work to come
see the shuttle in person. (“We talked
each other into it,” Ms. Cunningham
said.) Grown men jumped up and down in
excitement. And nearly everyone — in-
cluding some of the police officers
charged with keeping the shuttle safe —
had a camera perpetually pointed to-
ward the spacecraft, making it impossi-
ble to walk anywhere without ruining a
Amid the festive atmosphere, people
reveled in being so very close to the
hulking vehicle that had traveled so
very far away. “It’s interesting to see how much
wear it’s taken after all its journeys,”
Greg Bristol, 69, said. “It’s got burn
marks on it. It’s got missing tiles. It’s
been through hell.”
As the Endeavour began to inch away
from the parking lot (at top speeds of 2
miles per hour), people clapped and
shouted, “It’s moving!” The shuttle’s
wings — 78 feet from tip to tip — just
barely fit between the buildings on ei-
ther side of the street. As far as it has traveled, the shuttle
still had a few more miles to go. Angelenos
The Arrival Of a Shuttle
A crowd viewed the space shuttle Endeavour on Friday as it moved 2 miles per hour along Manchester Avenue en route to the California Science Center. On Way to Museum,
Slow Trek in the City By TARA PARKER-POPE
At the age of 42, Heidi Hansen of Osh-
kosh, Wis., has returned to college to
pursue a nursing degree, a new career
and a tiara.
Ms. Hansen, a yoga instructor and
mother of two teenage girls, is one of
five women who will gather on the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin,Oshkosh,football
field this weekend with hopes of being
crowned homecoming queen. While the
crowning of homecoming royalty is a
scene that plays out on hundreds of
high school and college campuses every
fall, in Oshkosh Ms. Hansen’s campaign
has surprised many students and fac-
ulty members who are accustomed to —
dare we say — a much younger candi-
date. “I know I’m a 42-year-old woman,”
said Ms. Hansen, who was on her way
to royal duties on campus sporting the
sash worn by all members of the home-
coming court, which consists of the can-
didates for queen as well as three candi-
dates for king.“I’m not trying to be a
young person. For me, it’s just a con-
tinuing process of being engaged in the
world around me, and right now a big
part of my world is my life on campus.”
When Ms. Hansen saw an e-mail so-
liciting applicants to the homecoming
court, she thought to herself, “Why
not?” and applied. After she was se-
lected for the homecoming court, she
began an irreverent campus campaign
that confronted the age issue head-on.
Her campaign slogan: “I’m not your
mother, but I could be.”
To get out the vote, Ms. Hansen, a
senior nursing student who will gradu-
ate in December, has enlisted the help
of her family, friends closer to her own
age and some of her younger class-
mates to hang posters and create a
campaign video. Noell Dickmann, a 21-year-old jour-
nalism student and musician known
around campus for her skill playing the
ukulele, helped create a “Vote for Hei-
di” theme song. To appeal to a younger
audience, Ms. Hansen included a refer-
ence to zombies and a local unicyclist.
“I don’t want people to think I’m not
taking it seriously,” she said. “I want
them to think I’m not taking myself se-
The campaign has prompted class
discussions. When a classmate argued
that homecoming should be reserved
for “traditional” students,meaning
those 18 to 21, Ms. Dickmann, who is
from Jackson, Wis., said she argued that
the student body had changed.
“College has changed so much, and
it’s a great message to say you can do
this if you’re not a traditional student,”
she said.Tyler Volkert, a 19-year-old
psychology major from Winneconne,
Wis., said that Ms. Hansen was only a
few years younger than his mother but
that he had voted for her after watching
all the campaign videos and enjoying
her catchy song.
“I guess the reason I voted for Heidi
is because she was nontraditional, not
the typical person who runs every
year,” Mr. Volkert said. “It definitely
gives me new perspective on being a
nontraditional student. It takes more
motivation to come back and reassert
It may help Ms. Hansen’s campaign
that she is already well known on cam-
pus, particularly by the entire U.W. Osh-
kosh football team. She teaches a yoga
class for the team’s spring training pro-
“I’ve taught the defensive line for two
spring semesters, and that’s been a lot
of fun,” she said. “They talk about how it
helps them get some relaxation from
the rigors of training.”
But as a full-time student and work-
ing mother of two daughters, 17 and 13,
Ms. Hansen said she had limited time
for heavy campaigning. While she
would like to be queen, she said she
would not be crushed if one of her fellow
court members won the title. While her husband has been an en-
thusiastic supporter of her candidacy,
she said she had not had the same re-
action from her daughters.
“My children are honestly not saying
much,” she said.“I think they are just
pretending it’s not happening.” At 42, This College Student Seeks a Degree and the Homecoming Queen’s Crown
Heidi Han-
sen,in black
Warrior shirt
and glasses,
is a home-
queen finalist
at the Univer-
sity of Wis-
kosh. Ms.
Hansen is 42
and the
mother of
two teenage
Nearly 4,600 Get Deportation Reprieves
Two months after the Obama administration started
giving reprieves from deportation and work permits
to young immigrants here illegally, 179,794 applica-
tions have been received and 4,591 have been ap-
proved, according to new figures from the De-
partment of Homeland Security. The number of ap-
provals increased significantly since officials re-
ported on Sept. 14 that 29 immigrants had been the
first ones granted the two-year deportation de-
ferrals. But Peter Boogaard, a department spokes-
man, said immigrants should now expect that the
average time to process an application would be four
to six months. As many as 1.2 million immigrants
could be eligible. JULIA PRESTON
Indians Allowed to Have Eagle Feathers
The Justice Department said on Friday that it would
allow members of federally recognized Indian tribes
to possess eagle feathers — an issue of religious and
cultural significance for the tribes. Federal laws
criminalize the killing of eagles, which are listed as
either endangered or threatened, as well as the pos-
session of feathers and bird parts. But the Constitu-
tion and federal laws also give tribes local sover-
eignty for self-government. Under the new policy,
tribal members will not be prosecuted for wearing or
carrying federally protected birds, bird feathers or
parts. They may also pick up feathers in the wild as
long as they do not disturb birds or nests. Although
the Justice Department did not have a written pol-
icy, the new directive is in line with longstanding
practice not to prosecute in such cases. (AP)
Protester Guilty of Hitting Ambassador
Federal prosecutors say a North Carolina man has
been convicted of punching the ambassador of Ga-
bon at a demonstration last December at the coun-
try’s embassy in Washington. Leon Obame, 45, was
convicted on Thursday of assault on a foreign official
for hitting Ambassador Michael Moussa-Adamo and
knocking him to the ground. (AP)
Florida: Secret Service Agent Arrested
A Secret Service officer was arrested early Friday
after being found passed out and apparently drunk
on a Miami street corner several hours after Presi-
dent Obama left the state following a trip to the city,
police officials said. A Miami police officer found the
agent, Aaron Francis Engler, around 7 a.m., lying
near an intersection not far from a popular night
spot in downtown. He was arrested on two misde-
meanor counts after becoming combative with the
arresting officer, the police said.Mr. Engler was in
Miami in a support role for Mr. Obama’s trip, but his
exact duties were unclear. (AP)
Colorado:Shot Fired at Obama Office
The Denver police say it appears someone fired a
shot through the window of President Obama’s cam-
paign office there. A police spokeswoman said peo-
ple were inside the office when the shooting hap-
pened Friday afternoon, but no one was injured. The
Obama campaign declined to comment. (AP)
Colorado: Body of Missing Girl Found
A body found in a suburban Denver park was identi-
fied on Friday as that of a missing 10-year-old girl,
the authorities said. The body of the girl, Jessica Rid-
geway, was found on Wednesday about seven miles
southwest of her Westminster home. The authorities
said the body was not intact but did not explain fur-
ther. “We recognize there is a predator at large in
our community,” said Chief Lee Birk of the West-
minster Police Department. Jessica began the short
walk from her home to her elementary school on the
morning of Oct. 5 but never arrived. A search by
hundreds of law enforcement officers did not start
until hours later because her mother works at night
and slept through a call from school officials saying
Jessica was not there. Police officials have said they
do not suspect Jessica’s mother or her father, who
lives in Missouri. (AP)
National Briefing By STEVEN YACCINO
CHICAGO — Just three weeks
after a teacher strike here that
kept 350,000 children from their
classrooms, the head of the city’s
public schools system has chosen
to step down, Mayor Rahm
Emanuel said at a news confer-
ence on Friday. Mr. Emanuel said the depar-
ture of Jean-Claude Brizard, who
had held the position for only 17
months, was a mutual decision
amid reports swirling through
the news media about Mr. Bri-
zard’s performance and his rela-
tionship with the mayor. That
talk had become a “distraction,”
Mr. Emanuel said.
"He and I talked and agreed
that this is the time for new lead-
ership to take us to the next level
of achieving what we need to
achieve for our children,” the
mayor said. The shake-up comes just
weeks after Chicago’s first teach-
er strike in 25 years. For nine
days last month, 26,000 teachers
in the school system, the nation’s
third largest, picketed in front of
schools and marched through the
city as protracted contract nego-
tiations took place.
The strike drew national head-
lines and raised issues about edu-
cation reform that have been de-
bated in school districts through-
out the country, including the
evaluation of teachers, lengthen-
ing school days and holding prin-
cipals accountable for the per-
formance of their schools. On Friday, Mr. Emanuel said
he was pleased with the work
that had been done during Mr.
Brizard’s tenure, calling Chicago
“ground zero” for national educa-
tion reform. Yet he added that the
city’s new teacher contract creat-
ed the right moment to make the
transition. Replacing Mr. Brizard will be
Barbara Byrd-Bennett, who was
previously a chief education offi-
cer for the district and a central
figure in the contract negotia-
tions with the teachers’ union
last month. She was previously a principal
in New York City for two dec-
ades, the chief executive of public
schools in Cleveland and academ-
ic auditor for Detroit’s struggling
public school system. The Chicago Board of Educa-
tion is expected to approve the
appointment on Oct. 24. Karen Lewis, the president of
the Chicago Teachers Union, who
has battled publicly with Mr.
Emanuel in recent months, called
the move a step in the “right di-
rection.” Still, she raised concerns that
leadership changes in the district
have been too frequent in recent
years. “It would be nice to be able
to forge a working relationship
with someone," she said.
Ms. Byrd-Bennett dismissed
concerns about instability when
questioned by reporters on Fri-
day. “I don’t tend to go any-
where,” she said. “I don’t know
what to do other than sign in
blood. I’m here.”
Chicago Schools Chief Steps Down After 17 Months That Ended With Teacher Strike SITTHIXAY DITTHAVONG/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Jean-Claude Brizard’s resig-
nation was announced Friday.
A tenure that included
debate on educational
A small Alabama town is strug-
gling to understand how its 91-
year-old mayor could have stolen
$201,000 in taxpayer funds over
the last three years without being
caught until this week.
Mary Ella Hixon pleaded
guilty Thursday to stealing from
River Falls, the town near the
Florida border where she was
mayor for 37 years. She made
payments, disguised as legiti-
mate town expenses, to friends,
relatives and co-workers.
Judge Ashley McKathan sen-
tenced Ms. Hixon to 10 years in
prison but reduced her sentence
to five years on probation be-
cause of her age. Ms. Hixon
agreed to resign as mayor, pay
back the stolen money and testify
against accomplices. Ms. Hixon had been mayor for
so long that the Town Council ap-
peared to have stopped paying
attention to her spending, Dis-
trict Attorney Walt Merrell of
Covington County said. “They trusted her with the
checkbook,” he said. “It’s a clas-
sic example of why, at any level
of government, the people cannot
let power amass with any one in-
Ms. Hixon, a grandmother with
wispy silver hair and brown-
framed glasses, may have stolen
more than the $201,611 that au-
thorities have discovered, Mr.
Merrell said. The statute of limi-
tations allows investigators to
charge her only for crimes com-
mitted in the past three years.
On Thursday, the county also
charged a jail administrator,
Richard Moss, 47, with five
counts of property theft. The authorities say Ms. Hixon
spent more than $80,000 on util-
ities, rent and a fake salary for
Mr. Moss. She and Mr. Moss lived
in the same house for a decade
but did not have a romantic rela-
tionship, the authorities said. Ms.
Hixon also gave $17,000 to two
colleagues and illegally hired her
daughter to handle the city’s bill-
The police began investigating
Ms. Hixon after an Alabama
newspaper, The Andalusia Star-
News, reported that she had ille-
gally sold town property to Mr.
Moss. The police say she offered
$525 to an undercover investiga-
tor to keep her crimes a secret.
River Falls, which contains two
convenience stores, a produce
market and a truck distribution
center, paid Ms. Hixon $120 per
month. She was one of the state’s
longest-serving mayors and had
been re-elected in August.
“We’re all shocked,” said Jean
Howard, 71, a resident. “She is
such a nice, well-liked person.
But how’s she ever going to pay
the money back?” The judge or-
dered Ms. Hixon to pay $200 per
month to the town and placed a
lien on her house. Some residents said they sus-
pected Ms. Hixon was misled by
Mr. Moss, but Mr. Merrell said
the mayor had been fully aware
of her actions. “She’s sharp and
she’s quick-witted,” he said. “She
knew exactly what she was do-
ing, and the town is in really bad
shape financially because of her
Mayor, 91, Admits Stealing From Her Town
Mary Ella Hixon, the longtime mayor of River Falls, Ala., plead-
ed guilty to stealing more than $201,000 in taxpayer funds. were interviewed, three from
New England Compounding and
five from Ameridose. Three of
those former workers said the
companies were run with good
attention to safety.
Thomas DiAdamo, who was a
salesman for New England Com-
pounding for about two years,
said, “When I heard about this I
was shocked, because they were
meticulous about safety.”
He said Barry Cadden, New
England Compounding’s chief
pharmacist, who is also a share-
holder in Ameridose and who lost
his pharmacist license this week,
told him, “‘We do not make mis-
takes.’ Something must have hap-
pened that was out of his con-
Most former employees de-
clined to speak for attribution be-
cause they did not want to be im-
plicated in the current case.
Some said they had signed legal
agreements not to speak about
the company. All left before the
current outbreak, which the au-
thorities have traced to thou-
sands of contaminated vials of a
steroid made by the New Eng-
land Compounding Center. All of
its products have been recalled,
including the steroid, methyl-
prednisolone acetate, that is the
source of the current trouble. New England Compounding
declined to comment on specific
accusations, saying in a state-
ment that its “intent has always
been to operate in compliance
with our licenses in the states
where we do business, and we
have made our best efforts to be
in compliance with all governing
laws and regulations.”
The investigation into New
England Compounding and its
associated companies is happen-
ing as the number of deaths
climbed to 14 in the meningitis
outbreak linked to its tainted
medicine. Health officials esti-
mate that 14,000 patients across
the country might have been ex-
posed to the drug, and an-
nounced this week that they had
contacted about 12,000 of them.
The sheer magnitude of the po-
tential exposure has drawn atten-
tion to the large-scale compound-
ing pharmacies, many of which
have become mini-drug compa-
nies, overstepping the bounds of
traditional pharmacy activity and
taking advantage of a legal no-
man’s land between state and
federal authorities. Lawmakers
and federal regulators called this
week for stronger rules.
“It is really unfortunate that it
takes a crisis to bring this kind of
change, but that is often the
case,” said Deborah Autor, a Food
and Drug Administration deputy
commissioner. Ameridose has
F.D.A. approval as a manufactur-
er, but it also produces com-
pounded drugs, the Massachu-
setts health department said.It
has emphasized that it a separate
entity from New England Com-
Six former employees, five
from Ameridose and one from
New England Compounding, de-
scribed a corporate culture that
encouraged shortcuts, even when
that meant compromising safety.
The former Ameridose pharma-
cist said she was concerned
about a pilot project in which
quality control workers, rather
than trained pharmacists, did
preliminary checks to make sure
the correct drugs were present
and the pumps were set correctly
before filling intravenous bags.
“I expressed my concern to the
management,” said the pharma-
cist, who worked there in 2008
and 2009. “I said: ‘This isn’t
right. These people don’t even
know anything about the drugs.’”
She also said that because of
pressure to increase output,
there were a couple of “near
misses.” One was when hydro-
morphone, a powerful narcotic,
was made at twice the potency by
a pharmacist who was working
late to try to achieve production
numbers for the day. The error
was caught, however, before the
bags left the plant.
“The emphasis was always on
speed, not on doing the job right,”
said the quality control techni-
cian who tried to stop the produc-
tion line and who said he was
eventually fired over disagree-
ments about safety. “One of their
favorite phrases was ‘This line is
worth more than all your lives
combined, so don’t stop it.’”
Both employees attributed the
pressure to increase production
speed to an aggressive new oper-
ations manager focused on the
bottom line.
In 2008, an F.D.A. inspector
found that Ameridose did not do
appropriate testing to determine
potency of a drug, according to a
2010 summary of the inspection
report in an industry newsletter,
Validation Times. The company
was also shipping drugs without
waiting the 14 days it took for the
sterility test results to come back
from an outside lab, the newslet-
ter said.
Not long after that inspection,
Ameridose issued a recall of 155
bags of the powerful drug fenta-
nyl from five states because the
doses were too potent, according
to the F.D.A. Web site.
Another Ameridose worker,
Anwar Kabir, said the company
followed strict safety rules. Hired
in 2008 to help develop a quality
control lab, he said the people he
worked with on that project were
all experts in their field. “They
were very nice people, very qual-
ified,” he said.
A former New England Com-
pounding salesman was less
charitable. The man, who worked
for the company from 2008 to
2011, said it was standard practice
to sell large quantities of medi-
cine to buyers without patients’
names. Buyers would later fax
the names as the medicine was
dispensed, and the names would
be put in their file, he said. Ac-
cording to state law, compound-
ing pharmacies are permitted to
ship medicines only for specific
patients. “Honestly, there’s no
way you could sell anything of
quantity otherwise,” he said.
But some potential clients, like
a pharmacy director from a Ne-
vada hospital, balked at working
that way. “He said, ‘I’m on the
pharmacy board in Nevada, and
that won’t fly here,’” he said.
An employee at Ameridose, a drug manufacturer in Westborough, Mass., near Boston.
Ex-Workers Cite Concerns at Drug Firm
From Page A1
Some former
employees describe a
corporate culture that
encouraged shortcuts.
Sabrina Tavernise reported from
Boston and Andrew Pollack from
Los Angeles. Sheelagh McNeill
contributed research from New
York. A16
WASHINGTON — The federal
deficit fell to $1.1 trillion in the
2012 fiscal year, down from about
$1.3 trillion a year earlier, the
Obama administration said on
Friday. That is the smallest deficit
since 2008 but represents the
fourth year in a row that the def-
icit has exceeded $1 trillion.Be-
fore the recession, which prompt-
ed huge federal spending and
large tax cuts, the deficit had
never exceeded half a trillion dol-
lars. The gap between government
receipts and government spend-
ing —about 7 percent of econom-
ic output in the 2012 fiscal year,
down from 8.7 percent in the 2011
fiscal year —has become a heat-
ed election-year political issue. Republicans have hammered
the Obama administration for not
doing enough to control deficits
and aid growth. “We’ve had four
budgets, four trillion-dollar def-
icits,” Representative Paul D.
Ryan of Wisconsin said during
the vice-presidential debate on
Thursday evening. “A debt crisis
is coming. We can’t keep spend-
ing and borrowing like this. We
can’t keep spending money we
don’t have.” Democrats have argued that
the economy needs near-term
support as well as long-term def-
icit reduction and have cautioned
that too-severe budget cuts
would unravel the social safety
net. “The president has put for-
ward a balanced proposal to fur-
ther strengthen the economy and
reduce the country’s future def-
icits,” Timothy F. Geithner, the
Treasury secretary, said in a
statement on Friday. “It is time
for Congress to act on these nec-
essary steps that will help create
sustainable economic growth for
years to come.”
Releasing budget details for
the full fiscal year that ran from
last October through this Sep-
tember, the Treasury Depart-
ment and the White House budg-
et office said that the deficit was
$238 billion less than it had fore-
cast in the February budget pro-
posal by the White House. Over
all, government outlays were $3.5
trillion in the 2012 fiscal year, and
receipts totaled about $2.45 tril-
The shrinking deficit was a re-
sult of both higher tax receipts
and lower government spending.
Government receipts climbed 6.4
percent year-over-year as the
economy grew stronger and cer-
tain tax breaks expired. Corpo-
rate income taxes were a “major
contributor” to the rise in overall
receipts, the administration re-
port said, climbing to $242 billion,
from $181 billion in 2011. Moreover, outlays dropped $61
billion year-over-year because of
falling military spending on Af-
ghanistan and Iraq, tapering
stimulus spending and the
strengthening economy. “The
largest decreases relative to the
prior year came from the De-
partment of Defense, unemploy-
ment insurance and Medicaid,”
the report said. The report comes as members
of Congress struggle with the so-
called fiscal cliff — huge tax in-
creases and across-the-board
spending cuts set to hit next year
that might cut the deficit in half
but would also risk throwing the
country into a recession. U.S. Reports
$1.1 Trillion
Deficit in ’12,
A Reduction The smallest deficit
since 2008, but a
fourth straight year
above $1 trillion.
money,” she said, staring at a
thick scar that now skirts her
land. “I felt like I was guilty of de-
stroying my farm.” Mr. Howard said TransCanada
understood that some landown-
ers were not in favor of the pipe-
line and that the company was
respectful of those people whose
land it needed. “We have always been up
front about the materials that are
going into the pipeline,” he said. At some level, the standoff also
belies a deeper sense of inevita-
bility around Keystone XL. This year, after saying Trans-
Canada must reroute the project
around environmentally delicate
areas in Nebraska, President
Obama encouraged the company
to submit a fresh application to
the State Department. And he embraced the less con-
troversial southern portion of
Keystone XL, which received fi-
nal permits from the Army Corps
of Engineers this summer. A particularly crushing blow
for opponents came in August,
when a Lamar County judge
ruled that TransCanada could use
eminent domain to condemn pri-
vate land to build the pipeline. In another setback, TransCan-
ada recently sued a leading pipe-
line opponent, a Texas landown-
er, David Daniel, for refusing to
recognize a 2010 easement agree-
ment he reached with the compa-
ny, his lawyer said. Mr. Daniel, 45, a soft-spoken
carpenter, has since settled the
lawsuit and asked the protesters
to leave his property. “It’s actually out of respect for
David Daniel that we stay,” Mr.
Seifert said. “I stand by the fact
that protecting his forest is the
best thing for him, the best thing
for the community, the best thing
for the Planet Earth.”
On a recent day on Mr. Daniel’s
land, off-duty police officers
warmed themselves by a camp-
fire, as a protester used a rope to
shimmy from platform to plat-
form through the oak canopy
above them. Mr. Daniel was there, too. He
gazed up at a tree house he built
— now being used by the protest-
ers — turned around and walked
quietly back toward his home. Last-Ditch Effort in Texas to Try to Stop Keystone XL Oil Pipeline
From Page A14
TransCanada says it is trying
to work around protesters in
Winnsboro, Tex.
Eleanor Fairchild, a landowner,was arrested last week along with the actress Daryl Hannah for trying to block equipment clearing a path through her property.
In June,a sociologist named
Mark Regnerus published a pa-
per arguing that young adults
with a parent who had had a
same-sex relationship fared
worse than those
raised by biologi-
cal parents with-
out histories of
same-sex relation-
ships. He found, for
example, that if your mother had
a lesbian relationship, you were
more likely to have been on wel-
fare, to be unemployed, even to
have been molested. Those with
gay fathers did not suffer quite as
badly, but they too led bleaker
lives, between the ages of 18 and
39, than peers from “intact biolog-
ical families.”
Dr. Regnerus, who teaches at
the University of Texas at Austin,
was immediately called a fraud, a
charlatan, a shill for the religious
right. Two hundred scholars
signed a letter attacking his pa-
per and the journal, Social Sci-
ence Research, that published it. Responding to a complaint
from an anti-Regnerus blogger,
the University of Texas conduct-
ed an inquiry. In August, an in-
vestigator exonerated Dr. Regne-
rus — but only after reading his
e-mails and scrutinizing his re-
search methods and data. In his
Aug. 24 report, the investigator,
Robert A. Peterson, wrote
that he found “no evidence” of
scientific misconduct in Dr. Reg-
nerus’s study. But whether the
study “possessed significant limi-
tations or was even perhaps seri-
ously flawed is a determination
that should be left to debates that
are currently under way in the
academy.” Some criticism of Dr. Regnerus
was well deserved; for example,
he included in the same category
the children of stable same-sex
couples and children whose par-
ents’ marriage dissolved after a
gay affair. And it is understand-
able that he is still gun-shy (he
refused to be interviewed for this
column). But even if he won’t talk
about his research, we should. It
raises important questions about
family structure, and — just as in-
teresting — asks whether reli-
gious beliefs can shape scholar-
ship. Dr. Regnerus’s critics have
made much of the conservative
institutions, the Witherspoon In-
stitute and the Bradley Founda-
tion, that financed his study. But
it’s actually pretty easy to ignore
sponsors, once their check has
been cashed. It is harder to ig-
nore one’s deepest convictions.
Although he does not discuss it
now, Dr. Regnerus has a long his-
tory as an outspoken Christian
who once said his faith and his
scholarship were intertwined. So
it is fair to ask what he meant.
In 1993, Dr. Regnerus graduat-
ed from Trinity Christian College,
a Reformed, or Calvinist, college
in Palos Heights, Ill. In an alum-
nus profile on the school’s Web
site, he is quoted as saying, “I’ve
noticed that some Christian pro-
fessors see a disconnect between
their faith and their profession. I
believe that if your faith matters,
it should inform what you teach
and what you research.”
Dr. Regnerus was raised and
educated as a Dutch Calvinist,
but last year he became a Roman
Catholic. On Dec. 30, Dr. Regne-
rus was the subject of a profile on
the Web site of the University of
Notre Dame, where he was a vis-
iting researcher. It says that for
Dr. Regnerus, faith and scholar-
ship go together.
“Mark alluded to the fact that
his academic interest in family
formation trends and processes
had arisen while still an evangeli-
cal, and his recent entrance into
the Catholic Church has shaped
his own thinking about fertility
and family life,” the profile says.
Dr. Regnerus “also hinted at fu-
ture contributions that his aca-
demic research could potentially
make to the larger Catholic
Because Dr. Regnerus would
not be interviewed, it is impossi-
ble to know his latest views about
the relationship between his faith
and research. But we can still ask
if, in principle, belief in the divin-
ity of Jesus could affect one’s so-
cial science. Put another way: Is
there a Christian way to crunch
“The answer, in my personal
opinion, is no,” said Mark Chaves,
a sociologist of religion at Duke
Divinity School. But, he added,
religious concerns “can very pro-
foundly shape the kinds of ques-
tions we ask, and what we’re in-
terested in, what we think is im-
portant and so on.” So while “in
the narrowest sense it doesn’t af-
fect his computations,” Dr. Regne-
rus’s Christian faith may have
drawn him to questions about
same-sex relationships and fam-
ily structure.
And a religious worldview, like
any worldview, can dispose a re-
searcher toward certain mistakes
in thinking. Somebody critical of
same-sex relationships may be
more likely to group all such rela-
tionships together, as Dr. Regne-
rus did. If homosexual acts are
depraved, as many religious peo-
ple believe, then long-term cou-
pling may be no better, or even
worse, than bursts of promiscuity. Christian Smith, one of Dr. Reg-
nerus’s advisers at the University
of North Carolina and now at No-
tre Dame agrees that a sociolo-
gist’s religion should affect only
his choice of topics, not his meth-
odology. “I believe there is sociology
that is practiced in perhaps some-
what different ways by people
with different backgrounds of all
sorts — racial, socioeconomic,
gender and religious, among oth-
ers,” Dr. Smith said. But every so-
ciologist “operates with the same
basic disciplinary approach,
methods and standards of evi-
dence.” Dr. Smith said that while
he had not talked with his former
student “about any possible con-
nection of faith to topic/design,”
he was “quite sure his faith did
not influence the design.” But he
said he could “only speculate”
whether Dr. Regnerus’s faith led
to his interest in the topic.
So if there is not really a Chris-
tian method in sociology, but
there is a role for a self-described
Christian in sociology, as Dr. Reg-
nerus once averred, then what is
that role? One can imagine sev-
eral answers.
First, the religious — or athe-
ist, for that matter — sociologist
might have a set of topics that
she finds particularly relevant to
her beliefs. Given their tradi-
tions’ emphasis on traditional
family, for example, a conserva-
tive Catholic or evangelical Prot-
estant could reasonably gravitate
toward the study of family struc-
Second, a scholar might have
faith that good research ultimate-
ly brings people to God or fur-
thers his plans. A Christian histo-
rian might trust that even a mod-
est study of the Spanish-Ameri-
can War, or of Rhode Island histo-
ry, would do a small part to re-
veal the providential nature of all
history. Finally, a scholar might be a
“Christian scholar” by virtue of
the pride he takes in his faith, es-
pecially in the secular academy.
Dr. Regnerus was a proud Chris-
tian witness, once upon a time.
But these days he won’t discuss
his faith, even with a Christian
magazine. Two weeks ago, Chris-
tianity Today ran a lengthy inter-
view with Dr. Regnerus in which
he said nothing about his reli-
gious beliefs.
“I just didn’t think it was a
profitable line of inquiry,” Dr.
Regnerus said, in the one answer
he would e-mail me. “I still don’t
— sorry.”
Sociologist’s Paper Raises Questions on Role of Faith in Scholarship
OPPENHEIMER BELIEFS mark.e.oppenheimer; twitter/markopp1 MARKREGNERUS.COM
Mark Regnerus’s work argues that young adults with a parent
who had a same-sex relationship are more likely to fare poorly.
Sharp criticism for
the research of an
outspoken Christian.
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Slouching in a club chair with his left leg draped
over the arm, Edward I. Koch shared an anecdote.
Not surprisingly, it was about him. But Mr. Koch is
always an engaging storyteller. And what made this
one special was that the half-dozen friends and for-
mer colleagues assembled in his Greenwich Village
living room had never heard it before.
That seems hard to fathom because this was
about the 2,300th Saturday gathering Mr. Koch had
hosted and the only thing harder to come by than
original conversation is consensus.
“We now refer to stories by number,” Mr. Koch
said. Over the years, the group of men who have con-
vened almost every weekend at Mr. Koch’s place has
evolved into a jaunty merger of “Crossfire” and “Old
Jews Telling Jokes.” Disagreements are common,
sometimes over weighty topics and sometimes over
not so weighty ones. “There’s never been a Saturday when we didn’t
argue about where we’re going to have lunch,” said
Peter Ashkenazy, a retired city commissioner and
restaurateur, who, with Mr. Koch and Dan Wolf, the
founding editor of The Village Voice who died in
1996, originated the group. Mr. Koch has been presiding over these Satur-
day round tables since the mid-1960s, first, as a city
councilman and then as a congressman, at his old
apartment on Washington Place, then, as mayor, at
Gracie Mansion and now, as a vocal private citizen,
in his 16th-floor living room on Fifth Avenue. “The only thing that rivals us must be a crap
game somewhere in the city,” Mr. Koch said.
The anecdote Mr. Koch shared on this recent
Saturday was original because the subject had un-
folded just the day before. Sheldon Adelson, the bil-
lionaire gambling mogul and bankroller of conserva-
tive political causes, had invited himself to Mr.
Koch’s law office. “His opening line was, ‘People
have told me you’re the only person in the world that
can elect Romney in Florida,’” Mr. Koch said. “I said: ‘Don’t be ridiculous. It is not true,’” he
added. “I wanted to say, ‘Well maybe it’s partially
true.’” “You’re always modest,” said John LoCicero, an
old friend and a political adviser.
Mr. Koch says he steadfastly supports Presi-
dent Obama because he differs with Mitt Romney’s
position on many major domestic and social issues.
But Mr. Koch, who is 87 and walks with a cane, said
he begged off campaigning personally for the presi-
dent in Florida. “I told them my doctor told me I’m
too fragile,” he said. “And I don’t want to wind up in a
hospital there that has only old people.”
Tom Baer, an entertainment lawyer and a for-
mer prosecutor, volunteered that he had been
briefed on the meeting with Mr. Adelson by a mutual
friend, who had asked: “Do you think Ed would pos-
sibly ever change his mind? Who do you think would
make a call to him that at least gets him thinking?”
“I said Mitt Romney,” Mr. Baer recalled. Mr. Koch, wearing a checked shirt and olive-
colored slacks, sipped from a can of Coke. A lonely
dish of cashews sat on a coffee table. The dining
room table was peppered with prescription pill bot-
tles. A beeping smoke alarm pleaded for a battery.
The décor includes a print by Frank Stella (“he
brought this as a dinner gift years ago”), framed
Christmas cards by Richard Anuskiewicz (“I could-
n’t afford any of his paintings”), and several Barce-
lona chairs designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
(“these are real, they are registered!”). The conversation moved along a well-trod mem-
ory lane, like the night Mr. Koch answered the front
door of Gracie Mansion to find a disheveled man
asking for the mayor and replied, “He’s busy.” And
the time his police commissioner, fearing a terrorist
attack, had a panic room installed in the mansion’s
second floor bathroom complete with a loaded gun in
a locked medicine cabinet (Mr. Koch derided the
gesture, suggesting that if he were indeed panicked
he would probably forget the lock’s combination). By 1:25 p.m., about an hour after the group had PHOTOGRAPHS BY CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Former Mayor Edward I. Koch, at right in his Greenwich Village
apartment, hosts friends there on Saturdays. Recently, Mr. Koch
and the rest of the group, from left, TomBaer, George Arzt, John
LoCicero and Henry J. Stern, moved to a restaurant for lunch. Convening An Algonquin Table At Koch’s Place
Ex-Mayor Plays a Lively Host
Continued on Page A18
Longtime friends argue for the
some 2,300th time about the
past, politics and where to eat.
A week later, the question still hovers
over the Lower East Side. It is barked in
anger from a crying aunt, or spoken
with a young man’s quick look over his
shoulder, or conveyed, without words,
in the cold stare of a police
officer behind the wheel of an
idling marked car. Where is Joshua Nunez?
“I think he might show
up,” said Kelvin Fernandez,
23, standing outside the
Provenzano Lanza Funeral Home in the
East Village on Wednesday afternoon,
one of dozens of young men dressed
head to toe in black. “He’s got nothing
to lose.” Backs were slapped in quick hugs.
Cigarettes were smoked. An officer was
parked in a police car in front of the
building, a blunt warning to unwelcome
visitors. The men ducked inside the fu-
neral home and stood silently over the
open coffin of 29-year-old Charles Fer-
nandez, his beard trimmed, his hands
folded, his nickname, Charlie, displayed
on surrounding floral arrangements.
Then the men went back outside. Where is Joshua Nunez? The police started asking a week ago,
but the neighborhood has been on the
lookout since the first day of the year. “It started in Brooklyn,” Kelvin Fer-
nandez, a cousin of the dead man, said.
Even that was not really the beginning,
but it is the one everyone has agreed on.
A longstanding wari-
ness between two
knots of young men
from roughly the
same neighborhood
— one at Spring and
Mott Streets, and the
other on Eldridge
Street near Stanton
Street — heated, with
the help of alcohol, to
a boil.
The way the Mott Street group tells it,
the Eldridge group struck one of theirs,
a boy named Noel, with a car. Nothing
catastrophic, and the night went on —
until the same Eldridge men returned
for more. “Instantly, Noel ran away,” a friend,
one of several who spoke to me without
giving a name, recalled this week. “We
ran in the other direction.” The men
from the car beat Noel with bats and
bottles on Mott Street. In hindsight, war had been declared,
but at the time, simple retribution
seemed the obvious response, an act
that was itself answered later in kind.
And so on. “It’s stupid,” the friend said. “But it’s
not that complicated.” And so, in a thriving tourist neighbor-
hood — Charlie Fernandez was raised
above the famous pizzeria Lombardi’s
— these little battles, which the men de-
scribe now as if soldiers just back from
the front, played out. There was the
time, in June, when four Eldridge guys
rushed Kelvin Fernandez as he sat in
his parked car. One of the guys was Mr.
Nunez, said Kelvin, who carries surveil-
lance footage of the attack, given to him
by a bodega owner, on his iPhone. One
of the men in the images indeed resem-
bled Mr. Nunez, who is 21. Kelvin fled,
struck by a bottle but uninjured. But the next day, he encountered
them again, and beat one of them with a
bat, he said. He was arrested and
charged with assault. He pleaded with
the police, he said. “I even teared up a little bit — I didn’t
cry hysterical — and said, ‘You need to
get Joshua Nunez off the street,’” he
Wiser men intervened. Charlie’s un-
cle, Luis Duran, 44, knew Mr. Nunez’s
father, an interior designer named Wil-
fredo. The two had a drink now and
then. Mr. Duran called him. “I squashed
everything,” he said later. He told his
friend, “We’re going to take our losses.
Tell them that they won.” Both Charlie and Mr. Nunez had his-
tories of drug arrests, the police said,
but that seems to have played no role in
their feud, which continued after the
elders’ summit.
Nine days ago, a Mott Street man
named Ryan was in a little playground
at Spring and Mulberry Streets. “They
just came in,” Ryan said. “They said,
‘Yo, get off the bike and take the back-
pack off.’ I got six staples in my head. I
got hit with a Snapple bottle.”
Two days later, a Saturday, there was
a birthday party for Charlie’s young
niece. There was fear of another attack. Charlie got a call. Joshua Nunez was
playing cards at Jose Beauty Salon and
Barber Shop on Forsyth. Charlie left
Spring Street. “If that kid was there,” Kelvin Fer-
nandez said, “he was going to give him
a beating.” He did, but according to Charlie’s
family’s summary of a police account of
the incident, Mr. Nunez ran outside and
grabbed a hidden gun, and for Charlie
Fernandez, a sometime construction
worker and father of three, the war with
no name was over. None of several men I spoke to on
Eldridge Street answered questions
about Mr. Nunez. His stepmother de-
nied a request for an interview. Police
cars now roll with greater frequency,
and slowed speed, up Eldridge, but the
question remained unanswered Friday
evening. A War With No Name, but at Least One Battlefield Casualty
Twitter: @mwilsonnyt
Daniel Pena, 15, with a photo of his cousin Charles Fernandez, 29, after fu-
neral services. Mr. Fernandez was killed on the Lower East Side a week ago.
Joshua Nunez
has vanished.
In the broadest sense, the debate
over fare increases on New York City
subways and buses was over before it
Beginning next March, transit offi-
cials have said, the fares will be going
up. The Metropolitan Transportation
Authority’s budget depends on it.
But the more vexing discussion — of
who, exactly, will be asked to pay more
— begins in earnest on Monday, when
the authority will present four propos-
als that would raise the required money.
Although the details are subject to
change, and the authority may combine
components of different proposals be-
fore arriving at a final decision, the
choices are likely to resemble the fol-
lowing, according to transportation offi-
cials with knowledge of the proposals:
¶ The base fare remains at $2.25, but
the cost of a 30-day MetroCard rises as
high as $125, a $21 increase. A weekly
card costs $34, up from $29. In addition,
the 7 percent bonus on pay-per-ride
MetroCards — which gives a rider an
extra $1.40, for example, with each $20
placed on the card — is reduced to 5 per-
¶ The base fare remains at $2.25; the
cost of a 30-day card rises to $119; the
cost of a weekly card rises to $32; and
the bonus is eliminated altogether.
¶ The base fare rises to $2.50; the cost
of a 30-day card rises to $109; the cost of
a weekly card remains at $29; and the
bonus is eliminated.
¶ The base fare rises to $2.50; the cost
of a 30-day card rises to $112; the cost of
a weekly card rises to $30; and the bo-
nus remains intact.
In all, changes in fares and in bridge
and tunnel tolls are expected to gener-
ate $394 million for the authority in the
2013 calendar year. Of this, $232 million
will come from New York City Transit,
the authority said. An additional $86
million will come from the Bridges and
Tunnels division. The rest of the reve-
nue will be raised from the authority’s
railroads and other services.
Public hearings will begin in Novem-
ber, and the authority’s board will vote
on a final proposal in December.
The authority has not indicated which
option it may prefer. But last month, Jo-
seph J. Lhota, the authority’s chairman,
appeared to suggest that the pay-per-
ride bonus could be in peril.
“Do we really need to give that level
of a discount?” he said during a forum
discussion at the Plaza Hotel.
Gene Russianoff, the staff lawyer for
the Straphangers Campaign, a rider ad-
vocacy group, has cautioned against
eliminating the bonus, arguing that low-
er-income riders often rely on pay-per-
ride cards because they cannot afford to
buy a 30-day card.
Conversely, users of the 30-day card
were hit particularly hard in 2010, when
the price rose to $104 from $89. One
board member, Andrew Albert, said
many people who did not necessarily
benefit from an unlimited card still
bought one “so they don’t have to think
about” paying for each ride.
Another member, Allen P. Cappelli,
said he was simply grateful that the ten-
or of the conversation had changed
since 2010, when the authority approved
deep service cuts amid a budget short-
“We’re not talking about reducing
services,” Mr. Cappelli said. “I think
that’s good news for New Yorkers.”
M.T.A. Weighs Who Will Pay When It Raises
Transit Fares
Mary R. Morgan said she was
seeing it for the first time: the
building on the Lower East Side
that $15,000 of her great-grandfa-
ther’s money had gone into, back
in 1899 — a sum that would have
the purchasing power of $420,000
in today’s dollars, according to
the Web site measuringworth
That was big money, but Ms.
Morgan’s middle initial stands for
Rockefeller — her great-grandfa-
ther was John D. Rockefeller,
who founded Standard Oil. The
$15,000 went to the University
Settlement Society of New York
to help cover the overrun that
had doubled the cost of its five-
story building at 184 Eldridge
Street, at Rivington Street. What he and other members of
the 1 percent of the day paid for
became a centerpiece in an immi-
grant neighborhood where lan-
guages like Russian and Polish
filled the air — and where ex-
tended families were jammed
into squalid tenements. The Uni-
versity Settlement brought in
some people from old-money
New York who might never have
ventured to the Lower East Side:
Eleanor Roosevelt taught dance
at the University Settlement in
the days when “Franklin Roose-
velt was courting her,” said Mi-
chael H. Zisser, the society’s chief
Dr. Zisser discovered a docu-
ment in the society’s files with
the names of those who had con-
tributed “subscriptions” to pay
off the shortfall, which came to
$75,065.20 ($2.1 million in 2012).
On the list were old-New York
names, like that of August Bel-
mont, the financier and subway
builder. He gave $1,000 ($28,000
in 2012). Some corporate contributors
were on the list, among them
Lehman Brothers, whose col-
lapse in 2008 sent the financial
markets into a panic, and Lazard
Frères. Each gave $1,000. Other
$1,000 donors included R.R.
Bowker, who controlled the com-
pany that publishes Books in
Print,and Otto H. Kahn, a finan-
cier and benefactor of the Metro-
politan Opera.
And then there were Ms. Mor-
gan and the others, all women,
who gathered at the University
Settlement on Thursday: de-
scendants of donors from 1899.
The University Settlement had
invited them for a reception with
Champagne. The plan was to
take a group photograph. “Please
come camera-ready,” one of the
organizers told them by e-mail.
One of the descendants replied,
“You mean extra blush and two
The descendants who took
their places for the photograph
included the fashion designer
Mary McFadden, who said that
R. Fulton Cutting — the third do-
nor below Rockefeller on the list
— was her grandfather.
“Well, probably great-great-
grandfather,” she said, laughing.
“They’ve been here since the be-
ginning of time. Of course, I’m 20
years old.” For the record, Cut-
ting, a Gilded Age aristocrat, was
the good-government-minded
president of the Citizens Union.
He gave $1,000.
Ms. McFadden chatted with
Margaret Fitzgerald, a great-
great-granddaughter of James
Stillman, a banker and railroad
magnate who donated $500
($14,000), and Mrs. Fitzgerald’s
daughter Sarah Stillman Fitzger-
ald. Nearby were Maude Davis,
the granddaughter of John H. Da-
vis, who gave $500 in 1899, and
Stephanie Stokes, a designer and
descendant of Anson Phelps
Stokes, a mining and railroad
magnate who gave $250 in 1899
($6,990 in 2012).
It was Anson Phelps Stokes’s
son, the architect Isaac Newton
Phelps Stokes, who designed the
University Settlement building as
his first commission. The author
Jean Zimmerman wrote that he
worked with John Mead Howells
and that the building “rose
grandly and improbably above
the swirl of street life below.”
And the overrun? “The addi-
tional expense seemed not to
pose any difficulty for the Settle-
ment’s wealthy donors,” Ms. Zim-
merman wrote in “Love, Fierce-
ly,” a biography of Stokes and the
woman he married, Edith Min-
turn. Ms. Zimmerman quoted the
Settlement’s founder, Stephen
Coit, as saying it had become the
“most fashionable charity in the
city.” Dr. Zisser said the University
Settlement carried on, even as
the neighborhood around it
changed. “New York is more of
an immigrant city than it was
then,” he said. “We do adult liter-
acy classes. We did them 125
years ago. The difference was
that you were going to forget
your old language. Now we are
encouraging people not to lose
their old language, not to squelch
what you brought with you, to
make sure you can survive in
New York.”
Still, he said, the neighborhood
had changed. On the University’s
Settlement’s block, he said, are
“a Chinese church, a Spanish
church and a mosque under con-
struction.” And not long ago, he
said, he saw an ad in a real-estate
section a $2 million apartment
nearby, “right next to a Housing
Authority site.”
Descendants of Old Money Look Back at a Benefit It Wrought
convened, the conversation
turned to lunch. This debate, too,
was predictable. Typically, Mr. LoCicero, favors
bagels and lox. Peter A. Piscitelli,
a former city lobbyist, usually
prefers the Peking Duck House.
Someone suggested Aqua Grill,
which is relatively close. Mr.
Koch made the call. On this particular Saturday,
the group included two other reg-
ulars, Henry J. Stern, a former
parks commissioner, and George
Arzt, Mr. Koch’s former press
secretary and now a political con-
sultant. Most of the newer mem-
bers of this guys-who-lunch
group are in their 70s or 80s,
which makes them no less loqua-
cious — just harder to hear. The men fill a table at Aqua
Grill. Mr. Koch ordered the usual
— “they don’t have it on the
menu,” he told a waiter, “but they
always make it for me: tomato,
avocado and onion and some sort
of sauce.” When the ingredients
arrived separately instead of
mixed, the usual way, he politely
sent it back for repairs.
A reporter invited to tag along
asked how his presence changed
the conversation. The consensus
was that the dialogue, already
sprinkled with expletives, would
have been even saltier and that
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo and
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg
would have not have escaped
scot-free. Saturday in the banquette with
Ed is like an episode of “The
Bickersons.” Groupthink does not
intrude. Irreverence abounds.
The regulars rarely defer to the
former mayor and have spent so
much time together that they fin-
ish one another’s sentences.
“I’ll have a seeded bagel,” Mr.
Koch said. The waiter asked what
“Sesame,” Mr. LoCicero said. “I don’t think the debates ——”
Mr. Koch began.
“Mean much,” Mr. LoCicero in-
terjected. When Mr. Koch recounted his
appointment of a judge, Mr. LoC-
icero interrupted: “Ed, you’ve
got two stories mixed up.”
Mr. Koch recalled almost en-
dorsing two candidates for the
same office. Now, he said, “I
make no commitments until I get
John’s opinion,” referring to Mr.
“And then disregards it,” Mr.
Arzt added. By 3:15, the small platters of
complementary desserts had
been consumed. The group cus-
tomarily splits the check. Mr.
Koch gives Mr. LoCicero a lift
home to the Upper West Side in
his leased, chauffeured Toyota
Avalon. Then he goes home to
Greenwich Village to take a nap.
A Regular Algonquin Table With Koch as the Lively Host From Page A17
News and
tion from the
five boroughs:
City Room
Federal officials had to be in-
trigued a few years ago when
they learned that the terrorist
Ramzi Ahmed Yousef, who is
serving a life sentence at the Su-
permax prison in Colorado for or-
chestrating the 1993 World Trade
Center bombing and other
crimes, wanted to cooperate with
the authorities.
Nothing is known publicly
about what Mr. Yousef might
have wanted to tell the govern-
ment, what he might have sought
in return or whether his offer was
even genuine. He was said to
have later reneged on the offer.
But the few details available,
cited briefly by a judge in Man-
hattan in a recent court mem-
orandum, are a reminder that af-
ter two decades of terrorism
prosecutions, questions remain
about what secrets terrorists still
keep when they are shipped off to
prisons like the Supermax, where
they tend to disappear from pub-
lic view forever.
Mr. Yousef was arrested in 1995
and convicted at separate trials
for his roles in the 1993 bombing
and the so-called Bojinka plot to
bomb airliners over the Pacific.
At the Supermax, he has been
held under strict measures bar-
ring him from communicating
with almost all outsiders. Yet, experts say, he could pos-
sess a wealth of intelligence
about the origins of terrorist con-
spiracies, at least in part because
Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the
proclaimed mastermind of the
Sept. 11 plot, is Mr. Yousef’s un-
“He could be an unsurpassable
source of information — that
would be my expectation,” said
Karen J. Greenberg, director of
the Center on National Security
at Fordham University School of
David N. Kelley, the lead pros-
ecutor in Mr. Yousef’s 1997 trial in
the trade center attack, said he
had no knowledge of what Mr.
Yousef might have wanted to tell
the government, nor did he be-
lieve Mr. Yousef knew about the
Sept. 11 plot in advance.
But, he said, Mr. Yousef could
be in a position to provide new
details about Mr. Mohammed’s
early associations with terrorists,
“schemes he was cooking up at
the time, including flying planes
into tall buildings” and early dis-
cussions about ways “to exploit
perceived security vulnerabilities
in the U.S.” Mr. Kelley added that Mr. You-
sef also had a history of mis-
leading the authorities while in
custody, and of “trying to fool
them” about different plots. The recent intrigue spilled into
public view after Judge Kevin
Thomas Duffy of Federal District
Court, who handled both Yousef
terrorism trials in the 1990s,
made a disclosure in a brief mem-
orandum about a dispute over le-
gal fees being paid to Mr. You-
sef’s lawyer.
“Ramzi Yousef is a coldblooded
killer, completely devoid of con-
science,” the judge noted. He
added that while Mr. Yousef was
in Manila planning the Bojinka
plot and possibly the assassina-
tions of the pope and of President
Bill Clinton, Mr. Mohammed had
visited him. “One thing is clear,” the judge
wrote, “Yousef was close to his
relative, K.S.M., both in blood
and in mental desire to wreak
havoc on civilized society.”
The judge wrote that in 2010,
Mr. Yousef’s longtime lawyer,
Bernard V. Kleinman, visited him
and told him that Mr. Yousef “had
requested the opportunity to co-
operate with the government.” “Remembering the K.S.M.-
Yousef connection,” Judge Duffy
wrote, “I confirmed with the gov-
ernment that Yousef had made
such an offer.” He said he later
understood that Mr. Kleinman’s
trip to Colorado with a “prosecu-
tor went according to plan, ex-
cept that Yousef evidently re-
neged on his offer.”
The mystery still remains as to
what light Mr. Yousef might be
able to shed on any terrorist
plots. Mr. Kleinman refused to
comment on Friday about any co-
operation offer his client might
have made. But he noted that he
had not traveled to see Mr. You-
sef with a prosecutor, and had al-
ways met with his client alone.
Federal prosecutors declined to
comment. Mystery
In Offer
By Terrorist
To Cooperate A memorandum by a
judge notes a lawyer’s
proposal and a
change of mind. By J. DAVID GOODMAN
The satellite booms of televi-
sion news trucks stood high
above the one-story Queens
church where family, friends and
National Guard members gath-
ered on a crisp Friday morning
for the funeral service of Noel
Polanco, the unarmed 22-year-old
man killed by the New York po-
lice last week.
Inside, many who packed the
small, windowless church in Co-
rona wore uniforms, both official
and more personal, that reflected
the diverse passions pursued by
Mr. Polanco. There were the men and wom-
en in military dress, a testament,
friends said, to the pride he felt in
his four years of service in the
Guard. There were others, in the
matching black leather vests of a
local car club, who spoke of how
Mr. Polanco tinkered with an old
Honda before saving enough
money working at a dealership to
buy a new one. Several friends
wore T-shirts with his likeness, or
sweatshirts with his nickname
and a somber message: “R.I.P.
Mr. Polanco drew tattoos and
loved music; he avoided trouble
and aspired to join the Police De-
partment. He worked hard at
several jobs, friends and family
said, and still jumped at the
chance to do favors for those in
need. “He was always there to help,”
his mother, Cecilia Reyes, said
through tears as she stood near
the coffin, which was covered by
a flag. “He’s my prince.” Behind her, men and women in
uniform sat in a row facing the
congregation. Early in the 90-
minute service at the Eternal
Love Baptist Church, two officers
from the National Guard award-
ed Mr. Polanco a medal for Army
achievement and promoted him
posthumously to sergeant. The
church erupted in applause.
“I want my brother to rest in
peace,” said Sgt. Jonathan Polan-
co, Mr. Polanco’s brother, who is
in the Army. “But along with
peace, you need to have justice.”
The Rev. Al Sharpton, who de-
livered the eulogy at the request
of Mr. Polanco’s family, de-
nounced the actions by police of-
ficers that led to Mr. Polanco’s
death. He appeared to reflect the
sad exasperation many felt that a
young man who seemed to do
things right had died from police
gunfire. “He was as right as you could
get,” Mr. Sharpton said. Mr. Polanco was killed on Oct.
4 when Detective Hassan Hamdy,
a decorated former Marine and
14-year veteran of the Police De-
partment, fired a single bullet
during an early-morning traffic
stop on the Grand Central Park-
way near La Guardia Airport. The killing tore at already raw
tensions between the police and
the city’s minority communities.
It also followed several high-pro-
file police shootings involving ci-
vilians, including one near Times
Square and another outside the
Empire State Building. But un-
like those and other recent police
shootings, police officials have
not offered a clear explanation of
how Detective Hamdy came to
shoot an unarmed man.
On Thursday, Ms. Reyes and
her lawyers met with the Queens
district attorney, Richard A.
Brown, pressing for a full investi-
gation and, as Ms. Reyes said,
“no cover-ups.” “I just want this to be done the
right way,” she told reporters. Before the shooting, the police
said, Mr. Polanco was driving er-
ratically, twice cutting off a pair
of trucks carrying officers from
the Emergency Service Unit who
had just finished executing a
warrant in the Bronx. Outside the church on Friday,
bells sounded as mourners filled
the sidewalk. A line of service
members formed to salute the
coffin silently as photographers
craned for a view. Across the
street, television reporters filed
their stories and the news trucks
pulled away. A caravan of cars, some bear-
ing Mr. Polanco’s nickname in
white writing on their windows,
moved on to the Maple Grove
Cemetery in Kew Gardens,
Queens. There, Mr. Polanco was
interred in a service that includ-
ed ceremonial military gunfire
and the presentation to Ms.
Reyes of a folded American flag. Driver Shot By Detective
Gets Funeral Of a Soldier
Noel Polanco, an
unarmed man
shot by a police
detective after
being pulled
over on the
Grand Central
Parkway, was
promoted to ser-
geant in the Na-
tional Guard at
his funeral on
Friday. The Rev.
Al Sharpton, in
the background
beside Mr.
Polanco’s moth-
er, Cecilia Reyes,
spoke at the
service in Coro-
Expanding his support for
same-sex marriage onto the na-
tional stage, Mayor Michael R.
Bloomberg donated $250,000 this
month to support an effort in
Maryland to do what no state has
done so far: legalize same-sex
marriage at the ballot box.
Mr. Bloomberg’s donation,
which was announced on Friday,
is the largest individual contribu-
tion received by proponents of
same-sex marriage in Maryland,
where voters will face a referen-
dum in November on whether to
affirm or reject a state law
passed this year to allow gay cou-
ples to marry.
Mr. Bloomberg, a billionaire
who attended college in Mary-
land at Johns Hopkins, dipped
into his personal fortune to help
persuade New York lawmakers
to approve same-sex marriage in
2011, and he has supported a simi-
lar effort in New Hampshire. His
contribution came after discus-
sions with Maryland’s governor,
Martin O’Malley, a Democrat
who has spearheaded the effort
to pass the referendum, known as
Question 6.
“The fact that someone of
Mayor Bloomberg’s national stat-
ure and recognition would care
about our referendum campaign
for civil marriage equality, I
think, tells people all over our
country that this is a serious and
real campaign,” Mr. O’Malley
said in an interview on Thursday
evening from Kentucky, where he
was attending the vice-presiden-
tial debate.
Mr. Bloomberg, an independ-
ent, often speaks passionately
about his support in the fight for
same-sex marriage, which he
considers a significant battle for
expanding civil rights. Voters in
three other states — Maine, Min-
nesota and Washington — will
also weigh in on same-sex mar-
riage on Election Day, offering a
test of popular sentiment on an
issue that has never been ap-
proved by a popular vote.
“I do not believe that govern-
ment has any business telling
one class of couples that they
cannot marry,” Mr. Bloomberg
wrote in an e-mail, which was to
be distributed to supporters of
same-sex marriage in Maryland.
“The next great barrier to full
equality under the law is mar-
riage equality. There is no doubt
in my mind this barrier will fall,
just as so many others have.”
With his tenure as mayor end-
ing next year, Mr. Bloomberg has
been developing his national pro-
file through a series of donations
to political candidates and social
causes. In February, he gave a
matching gift of $250,000 to
Planned Parenthood after it lost
financing from a breast cancer
advocacy organization; his dona-
tion earned praise from liberal
Governor O’Malley said he
hoped the mayor’s generosity
would prompt additional dona-
tions to his group, Marylanders
for Marriage Equality, saying he
was concerned that opponents of
same-sex marriage would out-
spend supporters in the state. “A contribution as generous as
this is certainly a big help to us,”
he said.
The mayor and the governor
have known each other for years.
Mr. Bloomberg frequently travels
to Baltimore, where Mr. O’Malley
served as mayor, to visit his alma
mater, to which he has contribut-
ed about $800 million over sev-
eral decades. Mr. Bloomberg also
traveled to Maryland in 2010 to
endorse Mr. O’Malley’s bid for
They met in New York’s City
Hall over the summer to discuss
the same-sex-marriage referen-
dum. Mr. O’Malley said the two
had been playing phone tag since
he heard about Mr. Bloomberg’s
decision to donate last week. “We’re very grateful for the
contribution,” he said.
Mayor Helps Maryland’s Gay-Marriage Push
A $250,000 gift as a state’s voters decide if same-sex couples
should be able to wed.
Michael H. Zisser mingled with two of the descendants,Mary McFadden, center, and Margaret
Fitzgerald at the University Settlement Society building on the Lower East Side this week.
clinics across the South Bronx,
establishing a seat of power that
helped propel him into office. De-
spite persistent rumors of cor-
ruption, he remained a doggedly
ambitious political figure, eventu-
ally participating in a coup
against his own Democratic Par-
ty and winning a leadership posi-
tion in the process. When investigators took an in-
terest in Soundview, Mr. Espada
claimed it was payback for up-
setting the political status quo. But prosecutors said at trial
that he was not the man of the
and whether he was frightened of
going to prison were met with un-
characteristic silence. The United States attorney in
Brooklyn, Loretta E. Lynch, de-
scribed the day’s events, after
the hearing, as the end of an era.
Ms. Lynch took her own jab at
Mr. Espada, for his claim that
prosecutors had used black mag-
ic against him. “It was not magic that brought
the defendants to their knees,”
she said, but their own greed.
Mr. Espada founded Sound-
view in 1978 and later opened
For years, Pedro Espada Jr.,
the former Democratic state sen-
ator, railed viciously against any-
one who dared to question him.
He took a fighter’s relish in at-
tacking both the political foes
who failed to stem his rise and
the prosecutors who accused him
of stealing from the nonprofit
health care center he founded
and ran in the Bronx. These critics, he said, were
linked in a “vast conspiracy,” and
he accused them of pursuing po-
litical vendettas and even practic-
ing black magic in an effort to
take him down. Through it all he
showed an uncanny ability to sur-
vive to the next fight. But on Fri-
day Mr. Espada showed a differ-
ent face, that of a man on the
verge of being sent to prison,
whose only hope now was for le-
niency from the judge who will
sentence him, Frederic Block. “Yes, Your Honor, I accept re-
sponsibility,” he told the judge in
Federal District Court in Brook-
Mr. Espada pleaded guilty to
one count of tax evasion in an ar-
rangement with the government.
In return for the dismissal of all
remaining charges, he agreed not
to appeal his earlier conviction. It
was one of his final court appear-
ances stemming from a long-run-
ning case in which Mr. Espada
was charged and convicted of
stealing more than $400,000 from
Soundview Health Center, his
nonprofit organization.
Appearing pensive and con-
trite, Mr. Espada briefly de-
scribed how he had lied on his
taxes, but he never directly apol-
ogized. Prosecutors said that fed-
eral guidelines called for a sen-
tence of 78 to 87 months in prison. His son, Pedro Gautier Espada,
a former member of the City
Council who was an executive at
Soundview, also pleaded guilty
on Friday, to one misdemeanor
count of lying on his taxes and
one misdemeanor count of steal-
ing federal funds. He faces as
much as two years in prison.
The men dressed almost iden-
tically, in dark suits, white shirts
and crimson ties. The court hear-
ing lasted only an hour — a light-
ning round in a case that had
stretched on and on. Outside the courthouse, where
he had held countless fiery news
conferences, Mr. Espada’s tone
was soft. “I feel relief that we are
on our way to a new phase of our
lives,” he said. Questions from reporters ask-
ing how he felt about his legacy
people he claimed to be. They
said he stole from those he
claimed to be helping, spending
money intended for health care in
his community on his own family
and friends. Gov. Andrew M. Cuo-
mo, who was the subject of many
of Mr. Espada’s attacks, said in a
written statement: “Mr. Espa-
da’s reaction was to lash out
again and again and to falsely
disparage and accuse my office of
engaging in a politically motivat-
ed witch hunt. Today, I give Mr.
Espada the last word — when he
says, ‘Guilty.’”
Espada Speaks Softly as He Pleads Guilty to a Single Tax Charge
Pedro Espada Jr., center, was convicted of stealing more than $400,000 from a nonprofit health care center he founded and ran. Oct. 12, 2012
Midday New York Numbers
— 347; Lucky Sum— 14 Midday New York Win 4 —
5094; Lucky Sum— 18 New York Numbers — 392;
Lucky Sum— 14 New York Win 4 —0587;
Lucky Sum — 20
New York Take 5 —4, 6, 10,
14, 33
New York Pick 10 — 5, 10, 11,
15, 19, 25, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 40,
42, 52, 59, 61, 70, 72, 77, 80
Midday New Jersey Pick 3
— 182
Midday New Jersey Pick 4
— 2373
New Jersey Pick 3 — 233
New Jersey Pick 4 —3686
New Jersey Cash 5 — 4, 15,
21, 31, 38
Connecticut Midday 3 — 312
Connecticut Midday 4 —
Connecticut Daily — 685
Connecticut Play 4 — 9054
Connecticut Cash 5 — 2, 23,
25, 29, 31
Connecticut Classic Lotto —
4, 11, 13, 17, 34, 35
Oct. 11, 2012
New York Take 5 — 5, 9, 27,
28, 35
New York Sweet Million —
3, 6, 13, 19, 32, 37
Connecticut Daily — 975
Connecticut Play 4 — 2570
Connecticut Cash 5 — 2, 6, 8,
14, 23
New England Lucky For
Life — 1, 22, 24, 26, 35; Lucky Ball — 6
Lottery Numbers By MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM
New York’s battle over big so-
das is heading to the courtroom.
The American soft-drink indus-
try, joined by several New York
restaurant and business groups,
filed a lawsuit on Friday that
aims to overturn restrictions,
proposed by Mayor Michael R.
Bloomberg and approved by the
Board of Health, on sales of large
sugary drinks at many dining lo-
cations in the city. The suit, filed in State Supreme
Court in Manhattan, contends
that the Board of Health did not
have the authority to ratify the
new rules unilaterally. The rules
— approved last month and
scheduled to take effect in March
— limit the size of sugary drinks
to 16 ounces or less at restau-
rants, street carts, and entertain-
ment and sports sites. Legal action was widely antici-
pated from the soft-drink indus-
try, which led an aggressive cam-
paign this summer portraying
Mr. Bloomberg’s plan as an af-
front to consumer freedom and
has frequently opposed local reg-
ulations of its products.
The 61-page filing offers a de-
tailed rebuttal to Mr. Bloomberg,
arguing the soda restrictions are
a form of de facto legislation, en-
acted by “executive fiat,” which
should have been considered by
the City Council. The plaintiffs
say the rules represent “a dra-
matic departure” from the tradi-
tional role of the health depart-
ment, and they are asking a
judge to reject the size limits be-
fore they are put into effect.
The mayor’s chief spokesman,
Marc La Vorgna, rejected those
arguments on Friday, calling the
lawsuit “baseless.” City health of-
ficials have argued that the plan
can help curb runaway obesity
rates in the city.
“The Board of Health abso-
lutely has the authority to reg-
ulate matters affecting health,
and the obesity crisis killing
nearly 6,000 New Yorkers a year
— and impacting the lives of
thousands more — unquestion-
ably falls under its purview,” Mr.
La Vorgna wrote in a statement.
The city noted that industry
groups have tried to stop Mr.
Bloomberg’s previous public
health initiatives, including a
smoking ban and a requirement
for disclosure of calorie counts on
restaurant menus. The lead counsel on the suit is
Latham & Watkins, a law firm
that frequently represents the
American Beverage Association,
the leading soft-drink trade
group and a plaintiff. Other plain-
tiffs included a Teamsters local
for beverage workers, state His-
panic and Korean-American busi-
ness groups, and the restaurant
and movie theater industries.
There are indications the soft-
drink industry might fare better
with legislators than with a board
of mayoral appointees. The in-
dustry once persuaded lawmak-
ers in Albany to reject a proposed
soda tax, and in New York City it
has several allies on the Council,
where some members had circu-
lated a petition urging the Board
of Health to reject the plan. Soda Industry Sues to Stop A Sales Ban
On Big Drinks
Maybe it was the experience of
growing up in a family with 12
children in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn,
that propelled Veronica M. White
outdoors and fostered a passion
for parkland. Shore Road Park,
with its sweeping views of New
York Bay and the Verrazano-Nar-
rows Bridge, became Ms. White’s
extended backyard. “That’s where I learned to play
baseball and basketball and
where I learned how to ride a
bike,” said Ms. White, who took
over as head of the Department
of Parks and Recreation last
month, replacing the longtime
commissioner, Adrian Benepe.
“Parkland is the reason people
want to be in New York and stay
in New York. It affects every
New Yorker,” she said.
Ms. White, 53, applied for the
top parks job once before, shortly
after Mayor Michael R. Bloom-
berg was elected in 2001. But Mr.
Benepe, then a parks administra-
tor, was named commissioner in-
stead; he stepped down this year
to join the Trust for Public Land,
a nonprofit group, in a recent ex-
odus of officials as the mayor en-
ters his final year in office.
A relative outsider to the parks
department, Ms. White is not
new to city government. An envi-
ronmental lawyer by training,
she most recently served as the
first executive director of the
Center for Economic Opportuni-
ty, which was created in 2006 un-
der Mr. Bloomberg to find inno-
vative ways to address poverty.
Before that, she held positions at
the city’s Department of Housing
Preservation and Development;
her public service reaches all the
way back to the administration of
Mayor Edward I. Koch.
Ms. White, who now lives on
Central Park West, said she knew
that the clock on her “dream job,”
as she calls it, was ticking. And
she has quickly immersed herself
in the department’s vast system
of 1,700 parks, 500 community
gardens and 14 miles of beaches,
while setting out to solidify the
capital projects and initiatives
undertaken in the past decade.
Under Mayor Bloomberg, sev-
eral expansive parks and envi-
ronmental projects were either
started or nudged forward, in-
cluding Governors Island, Fresh-
kills Park on Staten Island, the
High Line on the West Side of
Manhattan, and Brooklyn Bridge
Park along the East River. There
has been a push to open up the
waterfront, with newly developed
piers and esplanades, in all five
boroughs. The city has also
pledged to plant a million trees,
and is nearly two thirds of the
way toward that goal.
On a recent outing to Randalls
Island, where the parks depart-
ment oversees 63 ball fields and
an experimental rooftop garden,
Ms. White talked about her ten-
ure. “It’s 15 months and I’m go-
ing to squeeze in a lot,” she said,
surveying garden herbs. “It’s the
best job in the world, and I’ll
make the most of it.”
She is especially committed to
seeing through the plans for eight
regional sites that were singled
out in the mayor’s blueprint for
sustainability called PlaNYC, in-
cluding McCarren Park Pool in
Brooklyn and Soundview Park in
the Bronx. The properties re-
ceived an injection of $290 mil-
lion, allowing the city to tackle
large, complicated restorations
that had lain fallow for years.
Among them is the planned
restoration of High Bridge, a
1,200-foot-long pedestrian bridge
linking the southwest Bronx to
Upper Manhattan that has been
closed for 40 years. The project is
expected to cost $62 million. And Ms. White, who oversees
3,500 full-time employees, said
she would make sure the depart-
ment continued to look for oppor-
tunities to acquire new parkland.
Under the Bloomberg adminis-
tration, the city has added 737
acres, bringing its total parkland
to 29,000 acres. Some have crit-
icized the city for the expansion
of parks, saying it should focus
instead on better maintaining the
existing ones. Maintenance
budgets have been cut in recent
years. But while the department re-
cently hired a consulting firm to
study its approach to park main-
tenance, Ms. White said she be-
lieved that securing new open
space for future generations was
paramount. “You don’t get a sec-
ond bite of the apple,” she said.
“The boroughs aren’t getting any
bigger. If the land is available, we
need to seize the opportunity.”
Park advocates say Ms.
White’s involvement in disadvan-
taged communities will ensure
that the department’s resources
are spread fairly and evenly in
the city. “There’s a lot of opti-
mism about her background and
experience,” said Holly M.
Leicht, executive director of New
Yorkers for Parks, a nonprofit
group. “She’s worked in low-in-
come areas and a lot of different
neighborhoods, and the hope is
that she will have a very expan-
sive view of the park system.”
Ms. White could remain in her
position after Mr. Bloomberg
leaves office. The former parks
commissioner Henry J. Stern
served 14 years, straddling three
administrations. If Ms. White
does have more than 15 months
of sway over parks, she will most
likely put a special focus on the
environment. She said she partic-
ularly wanted to introduce recy-
cling bins in parks and spread the
word about green roofs.
“They’re good for the environ-
ment and good for people’s
health and good for eating hab-
its,” she said. Asked if her apart-
ment building on the Upper West
Side had one, she said, “Not yet.”
But her smile seemed to suggest
that it would not be long.
New Parks Chief Is a Voice for Expansion
Veronica M. White, the parks commissioner, said of her proba-
ble term, “It’s 15 months and I’m going to squeeze in a lot.” By ALISON LEIGH COWAN
A prominent rabbi who is a fig-
ure in the federal inquiry into the
campaign of Representative Mi-
chael G. Grimm of Staten Island
has been put under house arrest
in Israel in a bribery and money-
laundering investigation there,
the Israeli police said on Friday.
The rabbi, Yoshiyahu Pinto, an
Israeli citizen, also has a follow-
ing in New York.
A spokesman for the Israeli po-
lice, Micky Rosenfeld, said in a
statement, “The rabbi and his
wife were questioned by police
officers yesterday for several
hours on suspicion of attempting
to bribe a high-ranked officer
from the investigations depart-
ment and get hold of sensitive
Rabbi Pinto, who has not been
charged with a crime, will be un-
der house arrest for two weeks;
he surrendered his passport.
His lawyer in Israel, Yaron
Lipshes, said he was confident
the rabbi would be cleared.
Mr. Grimm, a first-term Re-
publican, met the rabbi during
the run-up to his successful 2010
campaign. Rabbi Pinto’s follow-
ers subsequently donated more
than $500,000 to Mr. Grimm’s
campaign, according to inter-
views and campaign records.
Some of the rabbi’s followers
later said that Mr. Grimm and a
campaign fund-raiser, Ofer Biton,
told them that the campaign
would accept donations over the
legal limit, given in cash or made
by foreigners without green
cards. The United States attor-
ney’s office in Brooklyn is looking
into the improper donations.
Mr. Biton was arrested in Au-
gust on immigration charges and
may face others. He had been an
aide to Rabbi Pinto for much of
the Grimm campaign.
Robert Nardoza, a spokesman
for the United States attorney’s
office, declined to comment on
the effects the Israeli investiga-
tion might have on his efforts.
Rabbi Linked to Campaign Inquiry
Is Questioned in Israeli Bribe Case
Irit Pazner Garshowitz contribut-
ed reporting.
A reader questions whether many
non-disabled people are using
wheelchairs to speed through airport
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS The way a presidential candidate campaigns for of-
fice matters to the country. A campaign should demon-
strate seriousness of purpose and a set of core beliefs, and
it should signal to voters whether a candidate shows trust-
worthiness and judgment. Those things don’t seem to
matter to Mitt Romney.
From the beginning of his run for the Republican
nomination, Mr. Romney has offered to transfigure him-
self into any shape desired by an audience in order to
achieve power. In front of massed crowds or on television,
he can sound sunny and inclusive, radiating a feel-good
centrism. His “severely conservative” policies and dis-
dain for much of the country are reserved for partisans,
donors and the harsh ideologues who clutter his party’s
base. This polarity is often described as “flip-flopping,”
but the word is too mild to describe opposing positions
that are simultaneously held. The best way to judge candidates is not by the popu-
lar way they describe their plans near the end of a cam-
paign; it is by the most divisive presentations of them-
selves earlier on. A candidate’s political calculations when
fewer people are watching is likely to say far more about
character than poll-tested pleasantries in the spotlight.
That’s what is disingenuous about the “Moderate
Mitt” in recent speeches and the first presidential debate.
He hasn’t abandoned or flip-flopped from the severe posi-
tions that won him the Republican nomination;they re-
main at the core of his campaign, on his Web site and in his
position papers,and they occasionally slip out in unguard-
ed moments. All he’s doing is slapping whitewash on his
platform. The immoderation of his policies, used to win fa-
vor with a hard-right party, cannot be disguised.
This week, for example, in the swing state of Iowa,
Mr. Romney tried to cover up his strident anti-abortion
agenda. “There’s no legislation with regards to abortion
that I’m familiar with that would become part of my agen-
da,” he told The Des Moines Register’s editorial board.
But that carefully worded statement was designed to mis-
lead,because the threat to women’s rights doesn’t neces-
sarily come from legislation. He would cut financing for
Planned Parenthood,and he has said he wants to overturn
Roe v. Wade and would appoint justices who would do so.
And, though he has conveniently forgotten, he does
support anti-abortion legislation — what he called in a
2011 essay the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act
to ban abortion when a fetus can feel pain. In 2007, he said
he’d sign a bill prohibiting all abortions. He has also tried
to paper over his positions on his $5 trillion tax cut, pre-
tending it would be cost-free, and he now says he wants to
cover pre-existing health conditions, though his plan does
so only for those who have insurance coverage.
At last week’s debate, Mr. Romney presented himself
as a bipartisan leader able to work with Democrats. But
that’s not how Massachusetts Democrats remember his
tenure as governor, as Michael Wines of The Times re-
ported last week. He ignored or insulted Democrats and
failed to achieve most of his big-ticket proposals, like re-
form of the Civil Service and pension systems. His deci-
sion to support a universal health care system in 2006,
long advocated by Democrats, was seen at the time as a
purely political calculation, at least until Republicans re-
jected the idea in 2009 when President Obama proposed it.
There isn’t really a Moderate Mitt; what is on display
now is better described as Convenient Mitt. Anyone will-
ing to advocate extremism to raise money and win prima-
ries is likely to do the same to stay in office.
The ‘Moderate Mitt’ Myth
A coat of whitewash on Mr. Romney’s extremist policies can’t change their true nature
More than 8.5 million commuters in the New York
City area may soon start paying a lot more to get to work
every day. Next week, the Metropolitan Transportation
Authority is expected to propose fare and toll increases to
raise another $450 million a year. If approved, this in-
crease, in 2013,would be the fourth in five years.
Nobody wants to deprive the M.T.A. of vital funds,
and commuters must certainly pay their fair share. But if
this increase is not calibrated with great care, it will land
hardest on working people at a very bad time. The M.T.A. is a state agency, which means that Gov.
Andrew Cuomo can help soften the blow. First, Mr. Cuomo
and the authority’s chairman,Joseph Lhota,should find
ways to spare those who simply cannot afford a fourth in-
crease. An hourly worker on minimum wage, now $7.25 an
hour, can seldom manage a 30-day unlimited card (now
$104) or a fancy new MetroCard with a minimum of $30
that is re-fed automatically by a credit card.The base sub-
way fare should therefore stay put at $2.25.
So where does the authority find the $450 million?
People who can afford a 30-day unlimited ride could prob-
ably pay more, though the proposed increase to $125 men-
tioned in some published accounts seems a bit steep.
More crucially, the state and city need to step up to the
plate. Mr. Lhota said last month that “when you compare
the public support given to mass transit agencies nation-
wide on a per customer basis, New York ranks at the very
bottom.” New York subway riders, for example, contribute
72 percent of the cost of their commute,compared with 53
percent in Chicago and 34 percent in Atlanta.
Earlier this month, New York’s comptroller,Thomas
DiNapoli,praised the authority for “slowly improving” its
finances with cost cutting, increased ridership,and a pay-
roll tax in the 12-county region that brings in about $1.8 bil-
lion for the $13 billion budget. He warned, however, that
recent fare and toll increases are outpacing inflation and
are “placing a burden on working men and women across
the metropolitan region.”
It’s true that both the governor and the mayor must
make up for years of stingy budgets. But the transit struc-
ture fuels the state and city economy. It needs more sup-
port from both, and less from the beleaguered commuter. Another Fare Increase? A costlier commute is a new tax on working people
A three-judge federal panel told South Carolina this
week that the state could not enforce its new voter photo
ID law until after the November elections. There is not
enough time to educate voters about the law’s complex-
ities, the court said, noting further that rushing the rules
into effect could have “racially discriminatory” outcomes
because South Carolina voters who lack the required pho-
to ID are disproportionately African-American.
The court was absolutely right to be cautious, even as
it ruled that the law passed constitutional muster and that
South Carolina could put it into effect next year. This per-
mission was conditioned on promises by state officials to
broadly interpret the law so as to allow citizens who lack
the required photo ID to vote if they can give good reason
for not having one. South Carolina approved its new photo
ID law in May of last year.In December,the Justice De-
partment blocked the law, using its authority under Sec-
tion 5 of the Voting Rights Act to reviewchanges to voting
laws in any state that, like South Carolina, has had a histo-
ry of racial discrimination in voting. The state then filed a
lawsuit to reverse that judgment, in the course of which it
effectively agreed to amend the law by promising to en-
force it more leniently and fairly than it is written. One concurring opinion noted that the law “certainly
would have been more restrictive” without the review
process. But if the state fails to fulfill its pledge by “any
narrowing” of the law, it will find itself back in court be-
cause many people kept from voting are likely to be racial
minorities. The Supreme Court is expected to take a major vot-
ing-rights case from Alabama this term, at which time it
will reconsider the importance and validity of Section 5.
The South Carolina case is an emphatic reaffirmation of
its value: without the section, a discriminatory law might
have gone forward to disenfranchise vulnerable voters. South Carolina’s Voting Rights Act
“The Fire This Time” (news analysis,
front page, Oct. 12) described the debate
between Vice President Joseph R. Biden
Jr. and Representative Paul D. Ryan as
“the reformer ready to turn the page on
an aging social compact that dates to the
New Deal jousting with the veteran,”
while David Brooks described the debate
as “a battle of generations” (“The Gen-
eration War,” column, Oct. 12).
This raises the image of “discard the
old and move on with the new.” Sounds
fresh and enticing, but remember the
“new” economy of the Internet bubble,
the “new” accounting of Enron, the
“new” securitization and credit default
swaps of the home mortgage boom? The Obama-Biden campaign is often
described as plodding and nothing new.
If only the banks had been more plod-
ding, relying on old rules of lending, we
wouldn’t be here trying to get back to
level ground. Give me a bit more plod-
ding, please.ELIOT LONG
Brooklyn, Oct. 12, 2012
Paul D. Ryan was following the Mitt
Romney habit of standing everywhere at
once while offering no solutions to any-
thing. I have never heard misspeaking
used as frequently as an explanation for
statements proved untenable in retro-
It was also enlightening to hear that
Mr. Romney and the president have so
much in common. There are no signif-
icant differences (it would appear) in
foreign policy and fewer and fewer re-
garding medical care, education and fis-
cal responsibility.
In sum, the Romney campaign hasn’t
offered one specific solution in any
sphere. The five policy goals it spouts
differ not one iota from the president’s
agenda and provide not even the
vaguest of details as to how to achieve
Syosset, N.Y., Oct. 12, 2012
I concur with your Oct. 12 editorial “A
Debate With Clarity and Fervor” that
Representative Paul D. Ryan’s perform-
ance on foreign affairs and military is-
sues was “at best disingenuous and at
worst bumbling.” But I am afraid it is
even more serious than that. Mr. Ryan assumed that a simplistic
use of our military and unneeded and
wasteful added funding of the military
would solve the global problems in the
face of clear evidence that they often
worsen conflicts and make unnecessary
Further, as you noted, Mr. Ryan’s re-
sponses about dealing with issues like
Syria, Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan and Iran
were both vague and often irresponsible.
He did not explain what the likely costs
and risks of actions like starting a war on
Iran were. He provided no clear analysis
of the nature of these challenges and of-
fered little in support of American and
international programs that are trying to
address the real situation on the ground. Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr.,
however, showed the importance of cau-
tion and the use of “smart power,” sup-
ported the wise Afghan withdrawal time
line and hinted at discreet American ef-
forts to address the conflict in Syria with
our allies. The Romney-Ryan team seems not to
know that foreign policy is both hard and
complex. Their unsophisticated pre-
scriptions are a danger to American con-
structive leadership and to our long-
term security.HARRY C. BLANEY III
Bethesda, Md., Oct. 12, 2012
The writer is a retired Foreign Service
officer and a senior fellow at the Center
for International Policy.
I just could not get past Joseph R. Bi-
den Jr.’s annoying demeanor. He was
overly aggressive, even rude, with his
smirks and inappropriate laughs. Paul D.
Ryan remained a perfect gentleman, and
I believe that he is someone I can trust to
care more about America than about his
political career.B.J. O’NEIL
Newport Beach, Calif., Oct. 12, 2012
I am a young person, so I was sur-
prised and delighted to read that David
Brooks has enlisted me (me!) as a mem-
ber of a fresh “generation armed with
self-awareness” to expose the flamboy-
ant and un-self-aware grins, chortles and
sentimental appeals of Vice President
Joseph R. Biden Jr. at the debate.
Yet as a member of Generation Y and
a certified expert in self-awareness, I
cannot help but think that Representa-
tive Paul D. Ryan was the less self-aware
of the two candidates. It was he who de-
fended his ticket’s proposal for a pur-
portedly revenue-neutral $5 trillion tax
cut without naming a single deduction
that would be eliminated to balance the
books; he who vigorously claimed that it
would be a mischaracterization to call a
plan for giving older people money to
buy health insurance instead of Medi-
care a “Medicare voucher program.” That Mr. Ryan does not know that I
know that he knows that these are all bo-
gus insults to the intelligence of the
American people makes him decidedly
less self-aware than garrulous old Joe.
Brooklyn, Oct. 12, 2012
David Brooks contends that the vice-
presidential debate was “The Honey-
mooners” versus “Family Ties.” Every-
one who works in television and movies
recognizes Paul D. Ryan. He’s the studio
guy who comes down to the set before
the big comic finale and tells you there’s
money for only two pies.
New York, Oct. 12, 2012
Mr. Barrie is a writer for “Late Show
With David Letterman.”
Paul D. Ryan’s touting of Mitt Rom-
ney’s wonderful record of bipartisan co-
operation with the 87 percent Demo-
cratic Massachusetts Legislature when
he was governor gives credit to the
wrong party. The applause should go to
the Democratic Legislature, which, un-
like this Republican Congress, did not
vow to sabotage any program that might
be seen as a victory for the opposition
If only the Republicans in the House
could put the well-being of the American
people ahead of their passion to crush
their rival, we might see some actual
progress.ELIOT DALEY
Princeton, N.J., Oct. 12, 2012
Notes on a Vice-Presidential Debate
Perhaps we should congratulate the European Union
for winning the Nobel Peace Prize and let it go at that. It is
not, after all, unusual for the Norwegian committee to se-
lect an organization rather than an individual, and the
E.U. surely satisfies Alfred Nobel’s criteria of forging fra-
ternity between nations, reducing standing armies,and
holding and promoting peace congresses. There is no question that the E.U. has come to sym-
bolize the transformation of a continent mired for centu-
ries in war to one that has embraced peace and human
rights. And by opening its doors to newly liberated mem-
bers of the Soviet bloc, the E.U.certainly helped to break
down the division of East and West.
But when the Norwegian Nobel Committee selects the
E.U. for a peace prize just when Europe is going through a
major and potentially destructive crisis, it is obvious that,
once again, the Norwegians have chosen to send a political
message. Thorbjorn Jagland,the chairman of the Norwe-
gian Nobel Committee, acknowledged as much in a news
conference: “We want to remind us all what can happen if
disintegration starts and if we let extremism and national-
ism start growing again in Europe.” Again, that is not new:
the Nobel Committee has regularly stirred controversy by
using the award to encourage and endorse political
courses of action. The award to Barack Obama less than a
year into his presidency or to Le Duc Tho and Henry Kis-
singer in 1973 are only two of many examples.
Yet we find ourselves asking whether it is really the
job of the committee to use this award to get involved in
current affairs rather than to single out great achieve-
ments, as the awards to Albert Schweitzer and Mother Te-
resa did. And we find it a bit hard to accept the singling
out of the E.U. (which Norwegians have voted against
joining) for its fostering of peace in Europe since World
War II,when NATO and the United States were at least as
But all that aside, who can begrudge the E.U. a dollop
of positive reinforcement at this time? There is little ques-
tion that the E.U. is a remarkable achievement, and if this
award helps it overcome its current woes, good. One way
to do that would be to give the award money to Greece.
A Nobel for the Continent
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Your Oct. 9 editorial “The Sandusky
Rape Verdict” seems to suggest that
Penn State does not take seriously the
contents of the report by Louis J. Freeh,
former director of the F.B.I. On the very day the Freeh report was
released, we began putting in place a
structure for evaluating and implement-
ing the recommendations. As a progress
update released this week demonstrates,
we have already completed more than
one-third of the recommendations and
are actively working to evaluate and im-
plement the remaining recommenda-
tions.Further, Penn State is in compli-
ance with all federal laws.
The changes outlined by the Freeh re-
port pertain to many areas of our uni-
versity — from the board of trustees, to
campus police, to the office of human re-
sources, to the athletic department. It is
simplistic and wrong, therefore, to sug-
gest, as this editorial does, that football
is the root of the issue, and furthermore
that Penn State’s culture is dominated
by it.
As every member of the Penn State
community knows, we are not defined by
a single culture. We are a university
whose cultures are rich and diverse, and
are characterized by bold achievements
in research, teaching and service, as well
as athletics. As a community, we are horrified by
Jerry Sandusky’s actions — and our
thoughts are constantly with his victims.
For these individuals, and for victims ev-
erywhere, we have taken action to sup-
port the prevention, treatment and pub-
lic awareness of child sexual abuse, and
will continue to do so. Later this month,
for instance, we are holding a National
Conference on Child Sexual Abuse.
Our resolve to prevent this from ever
happening again has not wavered.
The Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pa., Oct. 10, 2012
Penn State’s Response
O.K. Forget everything that’s hap-
pened so far. Now it’s all about the next
Obama versus Romney on Tuesday!
That will be far more important than the
conventions. Or the first debate, which
President Obama sort of lost, in a game-
changing moment that we are now pre-
pared to completely forget because it’s
all about the next debate.
Which will be so far more important
than the vice-presidential debate that we
can hardly bear to mention them in the
same paragraph.
Although that thing on Thursday was
pretty cool. Paul Ryan’s eyes! Joe Bi-
den’s teeth! Paul Ryan’s water intake!
Can that man hydrate, or what? The big question seems to be whether
Biden was too aggressive or just right.
It’s true that the vice president interrupt-
ed a lot, but,really, he spent the entire
run-up week listening to Democrats beg
him not to be passive. It’s a wonder he
didn’t run onto the stage and instantly
bite Ryan on the ankle. You think Biden was too feisty? The
2012 record for debate aggression was ac-
tually set Thursday night in California,
when a uniformed officer broke up a spir-
ited encounter between Representatives
Brad Sherman and Howard Berman, who
had begun yelling and poking at each oth-
er rather vigorously. Perhaps Sherman
and Berman were irritated because they
are both incumbent Democrats, thrown
together by redistricting and California’s
new nonpartisan election rules. Or per-
haps they’re just ticked off because their
names rhyme. During one high point,
Sherman grabbed Berman and shouted:
“Do you want to get into this?”
I think I speak for all of America when
I say nothing that interesting happened
with the vice-presidential candidates. The very fact that we have vice-presi-
dential debates at all is kind of amazing,
since for most of American history no-
body thought they were worth mention-
ing, let alone listening to. Vice President
John Nance Garner said his job wasn’t
worth a bucket of warm spit, and,by that
point,Garner had become so unimpor-
tant that nobody remembered whether
he actually said “bucket of warm spit” or
“pitcher of warm spit” or a container of
something else entirely. Scholarly papers
have been written on this mystery.
Quite a few of the vice presidents were
men of considerable achievement, for all
the good it did them. Calvin Coolidge’s
vice president, Charles Dawes, was a
winner of the Nobel Peace Prize who also
composed the music that became the
song “It’s All in the Game.” Does this
change your opinion of Calvin Coolidge?
No? See, that’s my point.
On the other side,there were vice pres-
idents like Schuyler Colfax, who was cho-
sen by Ulysses Grant, then tossed out af-
ter the first term because he had been im-
plicated in one of multitudinous corrup-
tion scandals going around town. Colfax
quit politics and became a popular public
speaker until, as one book of White House
biographies reports, he died suddenly
“after changing trains in subzero weather
during a lecture tour of Minnesota.”
I have often envisioned myself coming
to the same end, except that it would in-
volve JetBlue.
The new vice-presidential era began
with Bill Clinton, who actually gave Al
Gore some stuff to do. Then George W.
Bush put Dick Cheney in charge of ener-
gy,and foreign policy, and so very many
other things that the president had all the
time in the world to work out in the gym,
watch football with his dog and chop
down foliage. Vice-presidential debates actually go
back to 1976, when the world saw a clash
between Bob Dole and Walter Mondale
that was so riveting that no one now even
remembers who they were running with.
It’s just that once they’re over, we don’t
talk all that much about what happened.
The most quoted line from Thursday’s
debate in Danville, Ky., may have come
when Ryan attempted to defend the the-
ory that if you cut taxes, economic
growth will make up for lost revenue.
When Ryan said it had worked in the
Kennedy administration, Biden retorted:
“Oh, now you’re Jack Kennedy.”
Zap! Biden was referring, of course, to
the time when Dan Quayle compared
himself to Kennedy and Lloyd Bentsen
came back with the “Senator, you’re no
Jack Kennedy” line. This turned out to be
the most famous vice-presidential debate
zinger in history. And a lot of good it did
Michael Dukakis.
Like most unremarkable debates, Bi-
den-Ryan wound up being pretty much in
the eye of the beholder. The Democratic
base felt empowered because Joe Biden
brought up Mitt Romney’s 47 percent
line, and he said “That didn’t happen!” or
“No, no no …” a lot.
The Republicans thought Biden made
a spectacle of himself. Sarah Palin
claimed he reminded her “of watching a
musk ox run across the tundra with
somebody underfoot.” I am only telling
you this because I am still trying to imag-
ine what that would look like. Also to
point out that there are exceptions to the
rule about how America now takes the
vice presidency seriously. Ø
Yeep! Nation
At least nobody froze to
death at a train station.
Charles M. Blow and Joe Nocera are off
today. By T.J. English
RECEIVED news this week of the
death of George Whitmore Jr., an
occurrence noted, apparently, by no
one in the public arena.
That Whitmore could die without
a single mention in the media is a com-
mentary on a city and nation that would
rather bury and forget the difficult as-
pects of our shared history.
Forty-eight years ago, as a New York
City teenager, Whitmore was initiated
into an ordeal at the hands of a racist
criminal justice system. For a time, his
story rattled the news cycle. He was
chewed up and spit out: an ill-prepared
kid vilified as a murderer, then champi-
oned as an emblem of injustice and, fi-
nally, cast aside. That he survived his
tribulations and lived to the age of 68 was
a miracle.
I first met Whitmore in the spring of
2009 while doing research for a book that
posited that his experiences constituted
an important subnarrative to the racial
turmoil of the 1960s and early 1970s.
Finding him was not easy. I eventually
tracked him down in Wildwood, N.J., not
far from where he’d been born and
raised. I found a man who was broken
but unbowed, humble, with glimmers of
an innocence that had been snatched
from him a long time ago. For a time in
his adolescence, he’d been infamous. By
the time I found him, he was anonymous,
and that was O.K. with him.
Back in April 1964, like a horrifying ur-
ban-jungle version of “Alice’s Adven-
tures in Wonderland,” Whitmore began a
nearly decade-long ramble through the
justice system that still boggles the mind.
It started on a misty morning when Whit-
more, 19 years old, African-American,
raised in poverty and a grade-school
dropout, was taken by a handful of New
York City detectives into the 73rd Pre-
cinct station house in East New York,
Brooklyn. After a 22-hour interrogation
by numerous detectives — all of them
white — he was coerced into signing a 61-
page confession detailing a series of hor-
rific crimes, including, most notably, a
brutal double murder of two young white
women on the Upper East Side of Man-
hattan. The case had become known in the me-
dia as “The Career Girl Murders.” The
killings took place on the same day —
Aug. 28, 1963 — and perhaps at the exact
time that the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King
Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream”
speech at the March on Washington for
Jobs and Freedom.
The confession was front-page news.
The Brooklyn cops who were involved
congratulated themselves; one was giv-
en a special award for exemplary work.
But the confession was a fraud. To most
objective observers, it didn’t seem likely
that Whitmore could have committed the
murders. At his arraignment, he told the
judge that he’d been coerced into ad-
mitting guilt. Few cared: he was a dis-
posable Negro who’d been raised in a
shack alongside a junkyard in Wildwood
— a “drifter,” described in one account as
“possibly mentally retarded.” He was in-
dicted, imprisoned and declared a mon-
America was just on the cusp of the
civil rights revolution; it was a time of
pernicious institutional racism. A black
kid had been railroaded, and he wasn’t
the first nor would he be the last. But the
detectives had made the mistake of pin-
ning on him the city’s most notorious
open murder case, which brought about a
higher level of scrutiny than the average
homicide. The case quickly began to fall apart.
The detectives claimed that they had
found a photo of one of the career girls in
Whitmore’s wallet when they arrested
him. He’d told them he’d found it at the
murder scene and stolen it, they said.
None of it was true. (He did have a photo
on him, but it was not of either of the vic-
tims.) On the day of the murders, wit-
nesses had seen him sitting in an empty
catering hall in Wildwood, where he was
working at the time, watching King’s
speech on television.
Despite a mounting belief among some
civil rights activists associated with the
N.A.A.C.P., and a few intrepid journalists,
that Whitmore was innocent, he re-
mained in prison, facing two death sen-
tences. Depressed, frightened and alone,
he pondered his imminent demise at the
hands of the state. He asked other in-
mates:“If you were going to be put to
death, which would it be? The chair? Le-
thal injection? What’s the least painful
way to die?” A teenager, having commit-
ted no crime — ever — at that point in his
life, pondering what means of execution
he would choose: this was his reality.
It would take nine years for Whitmore
to clear his name. It wouldn’t have hap-
pened without the help of many lawyers,
a few newspaper reporters and the civil
rights activists. Though the “Career
Girls” murder charges were dropped
early on — and the actual killer, Richard
Robles, was eventually tried and convict-
ed — Whitmore had also been forced to
confess to another murder charge, and
the assault and attempted rape of a wom-
an in Brooklyn. There followed a numb-
ing cycle of trials, convictions, convic-
tions overturned, retrials and appeals.
Whitmore went from being a nobody to
being a perceived murderer to being a
terribly “wronged man” and back to be-
ing a nobody. In prison, he learned to
make rotgut hooch and, trying to dull the
pain, became an alcoholic.
In April 1973, he emerged triumphant.
A few weeks before all the charges
against him were finally thrown out, CBS
broadcast a highly promoted movie-of-
the-week based on his ordeal. The movie,
“The Marcus-Nelson Murders,” based on
a book by the New York Times reporter
Selwyn Raab, was produced and written
by Abby Mann, an Academy Award-win-
ning screenwriter. Whitmore was paid a
pittance for his cooperation. In the end,
the movie is best remembered for having
introduced a character named Detective
Theo Kojak, played by the actor Telly
Savalas. Mr. Savalas and Kojak would go
down in the annals of TV history. Whit-
more watched the movie from the med-
ical ward at the Green Haven state pris-
on in Dutchess County.
INE years after his name was
finally cleared and he’d been
released from prison, Whit-
more won a settlement of
half a million dollars from
the City of New York. But it was too little,
too late. He’d been crushed by the sys-
tem, his self-worth obliterated in ways
that could never fully be put back togeth-
er. He squandered the money he’d been
awarded through bad business ventures
and at the hands of devious friends and
relatives. By the time I found Whitmore,
he was living in poverty similar to what
he’d known in those years before he was
led into that police station in Brooklyn
back in 1964.
Meeting Whitmore was eerie for me.
Though he was 65 years old at the time, I
could still see that 19-year-old kid who
had been so horribly wronged all those
years ago. You could see the pain in his
face. In one of our first meetings, in the
backyard of his tiny rented house on
Route 9, I took a photo of him. You can
look in his eyes and almost hear him ask-
ing the question,“Why me?”
Over the next two years, I frequently
made the drive to Wildwood from Man-
hattan, a three-and-a-half-hour jaunt
along the Jersey Shore. I’d take Whit-
more to the market to buy groceries to fill
his empty kitchen cabinets and refrigera-
tor. Then we’d sit and talk.
Going over the past was painful for
him. I tried to catch him early in the day.
After he had his first couple of drinks, he
was lucid and charming. He remembered
his ordeal with such detail that it could
send a chill up your spine and bring you
to tears. After a few more drinks, he
would lose focus, get sloppy and some-
times become ornery and difficult.
When the book was finished, I deliv-
ered a couple of copies to Whitmore. He
held it in his hands, felt its heft and
smiled with pride. Since adolescence, he
had had poor eyesight, and I’m not sure
he ever learned to read. But after he’d
taken a few minutes to look at the pic-
tures in the book and flip through its
pages, seeing the familiar names and de-
scriptions of events, he wept at the mem-
ory of his lost youth.
In recent months, I’d fallen out of
touch with Whitmore. Knowing him, and
attempting to assume a measure of re-
sponsibility for his life, was often ex-
hausting. While I had come to love him,
the drunken phone calls, the calls from
hospital emergency rooms and flop-
houses, and the constant demands for
money became overwhelming. When
people who claimed to be friends of his
starting calling me and asking for favors,
I decided to back off. But when I received
a cryptic e-mail from one of his nephews,
informing me that Whitmore had died on
Monday, I was overcome with sadness
and regret.
Whitmore never saw himself as a race
activist. In the 1960s and 1970s, from pris-
on and on the streets, he watched the civ-
il rights movement and the Black Power
Movement at a wary distance. He did not
judge people by their skin color. He knew
he had been the victim of a grave injus-
tice, but he did not assume that the de-
tectives who framed him, or his slow tor-
ture at the hands of a rigged system,
were motivated by racial prejudice.
By staying strong for all those years —
by not taking a plea deal, as he had been
offered numerous times — Whitmore
forced the justice system to come to
terms with the injustice that had been
done to him. His ordeal was a key factor
in the abolition of the death penalty (ex-
cept for cases involving the killing of a
police officer) by the State Legislature
and Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, in 1965,
and in the United States Supreme Court’s
decision in the 1966 case Miranda v. Ari-
zona, which broadened the rights of crim-
inal suspects under interrogation. (The
death penalty was restored in New York
in 1995, but it was ruled unconstitutional
by the state’s highest court in 2004.)
Whitmore’s plight turned the wheels of
justice, however painfully and incremen-
Yet there are no plaques in honor of
George Whitmore Jr., no schools named
after him, or any civic recognition of his
humble fortitude. His name should be
known to every student in New York, es-
pecially kids of color, but it is not part of
the curriculum.
This week, a flawed but beautiful man
who offered up his innocence to New
York City died with hardly any notice. To
those who benefited from his struggles or
who believe the city is a fairer place for
his having borne them, I ask: Who
grieves for George Whitmore? Ø
Who Will Mourn George Whitmore?
In 1964, a black teenager
confessed to a double
homicide he didn’t do. MATT DORFMAN
T.J. English is the author of “The Savage
City: Race, Murder, and a Generation on
the Edge,” about George Whitmore Jr. By Cynthia Wachtell
T the Democratic National Con-
vention, Michelle Obama
shared a pithy car story cal-
culated to remind Americans
of her husband’s humble ori-
gins. Long before he was president, she
recalled, he drove a car so rusted out that
she could “see the pavement going by in
a hole in the passenger side door.” Mitt
Romney, whose father was president of
American Motors Corporation, made a
different point during a speech in Detroit
last winter:“I drive a Mustang and a
Chevy pickup truck. Ann drives a couple
of Cadillacs, actually.” Stories about the
Romneys’ cars — and the dog that rode
atop one — have proved welcome fodder
for late-night comedians.
However, there is another type of car
story, one that’s anything but funny. This
story broke through the debate on Thurs-
day night, when Vice President Joseph R.
Biden Jr., in response to an anecdote
about Mr. Romney’s generosity toward
victims of a car crash,reminded viewers,
haltingly, of his personal loss 40 years
ago: “My wife was in an accident, killed
my daughter and my wife, and my two
sons survived.” To a surprising extent, tragic car
crashes have defined the lives of Ameri-
can presidents and vice presidents —
both Democratic and Republican — of
the past two decades. Consider this:
Bill Clinton’s father, William Jefferson
Blythe Jr., died in a car accident in May
1946.Mr. Clinton was born three months
Laura Welch, the future wife of George
W. Bush, ran a stop sign in 1963. The driv-
er of the car she struck, her high school
classmate and friend Michael Douglas,
died at the scene.
Barack Obama’s father was in three
serious accidents, and died in the last
one,in 1982. The future president was 21.
In 1989, Al Gore’s 6-year-old son, Al-
bert Gore III, ran into a street following
an Orioles game and was hit by a car. He
was thrown 30 feet and nearly died. This awful club of survivors and their
families includes two of our recent Re-
publican presidential nominees. When
John McCain returned from North Viet-
nam in 1973, he found his wife disfigured
from a car crash. She had endured 23 op-
erations in two years. The couple later di-
vorced. When Mitt Romney was a 21-
year-old missionary in France, he was in
a head-on collision. A passenger in Mr.
Romney’s car was killed. Mr. Romney
himself suffered a broken arm, broken
ribs and a concussion.
This sequence of collisions is a chilling
reminder of the danger of cars, partic-
ularly in the era preceding air bags, child
safety seats and seat belts. The litany
does not even account for George W.
Bush’s drunken driving arrest or Dick
Cheney’s two drunken driving arrests. Seat belts save thousands of lives a
year, yet it was not until 1968 that federal
law required the installation of front seat
belts in new passenger cars, and it was
not until 1984 that New York became the
first state to mandate seat belt use.When
Carol McCain skidded into a telephone
pole on Christmas Eve 1969, she was
thrown from her car.When the future
Laura Bush crashed her car in 1963, she
was, in her recollection, thrown so far
that she “didn’t even hit the asphalt on
the road but was tossed clear over to the
hard, dry ground alongside.”
In the first three months of this year,
an estimated 7,630 people died in motor
vehicle accidents in our country. By com-
parison, since 2001, a total of 6,591 United
States service members have died in our
wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.(Among
veterans recently returned from these
wars, traffic accidents rank as the lead-
ing cause of death.)
Why not enact laws to improve the
safety of cars, roads and traffic systems?
Stricter graduated license laws could
protect teenage drivers and those who
share the roads with them. New technol-
ogy could prevent drunken drivers from
operating vehicles. Laws banning drivers
from using hand-held phones and text
messaging could be enacted nationally.
The savings would far outweigh the
costs. According to AAA, crashes cost us
almost $300 billion a year. And that does
not factor in the heartbreak.
These facts demand our attention, es-
pecially in an election year in which the
benefits of regulation are being hotly de-
bated.Mr. Romney believes “govern-
ment is playing too heavy-handed a role
in America today.” If anything, though,
the carnage on our roads reflects a lack
of sufficient regulation. So why haven’t our leaders taken ac-
tion? In her book “Spoken From the
Heart,” Laura Bush writes that she lost
her faith “that November, lost it for
many, many years” after the accident.
“Most of how I ultimately coped with the
crash was by trying not to talk about it,
not to think about it, to put it aside. Be-
cause there wasn’t anything I could do.”
Perhaps this partly explains why Mr.
Obama and the others have not become
traffic safety advocates: the accidents of
the past are too painful to relive. But Mrs. Bush, who became an ef-
fective advocate for breast cancer aware-
ness after the disease was diagnosed in
her mother, was mistaken. Our leaders
must use their power, prominence and
personal experiences to make motor ve-
hicle safety a priority. It is a matter of life
and death for Democrats and Repub-
licans alike. So this Election Day, wheth-
er Americans vote for the guy who went
courting in a rusted-out clunker or the
guy whose wife keeps a Cadillac on each
coast, let’s pray they drive safely on their
way to the polls.
A Sad Sequence of Collisions Cynthia Wachtell, a research associate
professor of American studies at Yeshiva
University, is the author of “War No
More: The Antiwar Impulse in American
Literature, 1861-1914.” Tragic car crashes have
scarred Democrats and
Republicans alike. The David Brooks column on Friday
about the vice-presidential debate mis-
spelled the surname of a character on
“Family Ties” in some editions.The
character was Alex Keaton, not Keating.
correction A22
S.& P. 500 1,428.59
Dow industrials 13,328.85
Nasdaq composite 3,044.11
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.66%
The euro $1.2955
Animal Care
Tyson Foods plans to in-
spect the way its meat sup-
pliers treat animals. 4
Airport agents may be able to help
travelers who forget their IDs. 4
Ask questions before following a fi-
nancial adviser who changes jobs. 5
Financial shares fall,
leaving Wall Street
with its worst week in
four months. 3
For years, America’s largest,
richest and most prestigious uni-
versities have been the envy of
investors. They churned out dou-
ble-digit returns over the last two
decades, even with
steep losses during
the financial crisis.
Harvard’s endow-
ment today is over
$30 billion and has
generated annualized
returns of 12.5 percent over the
last 20 years.
Their investing success along
with their vaunted academic rep-
utations led many financial ex-
perts to conclude that Harvard
and its peers at the pinnacle of
higher education had solved an
age-old conundrum: how to gen-
erate higher returns with lower
An investment stampede en-
sued as other universities, giant
pension funds and even individ-
uals slavishly copied their strat-
egy, which stressed diversifica-
tion along with high-cost, often il-
liquid alternative investments
like hedge funds, venture capital
and private equity funds. Today,
it’s hard to find a college or uni-
versity that stuck with the older
and far simpler allocation be-
tween stocks and bonds. Hedge
funds alone currently have what
is estimated at over $2 trillion in
assets, much of it from large in-
College and university endow-
ment returns for the most recent
fiscal year, which ended June 30,
are starting to roll in. And in
many cases, they warrant a
grade of Cat best, and in some
cases, an F.Harvard reported a
0.05 percent loss and a drop in its
endowment of over $1 billion in
the same period, even as a simple
Standard &Poor’s 500-stock in-
dex fund gained about 5.5 per-
cent.Harvard’s endowment de-
cline is more than the entire en-
dowments of roughly 90 percent
of all colleges and universities.
Even more startling, data com-
piled by the National Association
of College and University Busi-
ness Officers for the 2011 fiscal
year (the most recent available)
show that large, medium and
small endowments all underper-
formed a simple mix of 60 per-
cent stocks and 40 percent bonds
over one-, three- and five-year
periods. The 91 percent of endow-
ments with less than $1 billion in
assets underperformed in every
time period since records have
been maintained. Given the weak
results being reported this year,
that underperformance is likely
to be even more pronounced
when the fiscal year 2012 results University Endowments Face a Hard
SENSE Complex strategies
stumble in the hunt
for higher returns.
Continued on Page 2
The Federal Trade Commission
is raising the ante in its antitrust
confrontation with Google with
the commission staff preparing a
recommendation that the govern-
ment sue the search giant.
The government’s escalating
pursuit of Google is the most far-
reaching antitrust investigation
of a corporation since the land-
mark federal case against Micro-
soft in the late 1990s. The agen-
cy’s central focus is whether
Google manipulates search re-
sults to favor its own products,
and makes it harder for compet-
itors and their products to appear
prominently on a results page.
The staff recommendation is in
a detailed draft memo of more
than 100 pages that is being
shared with the five F.T.C. com-
missioners, said two people
briefed on the inquiry.
The memo is still being edited
and changes could be made, but
these are mostly fine-tuning and
will not alter the broad conclu-
sions reached after an inquiry
that began more than a year ago,
said these people, who spoke on
the condition that they not be
identified. Google said in a statement on
Friday, “We are happy to answer
any questions that regulators
have about our business.” In the
past it has said many times that
“competition is a click away.”
The commission is also build-
ing a team to take Google to
court, if it comes to that. Last
spring, it hired a seasoned litiga-
tor to help with the case, Beth A.
Wilkinson,a partner in the firm
Paul, Weiss in Washington. In a
further sign that it means busi-
ness,last week it brought on a
well-known economist as a con-
sultant:Richard Gilbert of the
University of California, Berke-
The F.T.C. staff memo does not
mean that the government will
sue Google for antitrust viola-
tions. Next, the vote of three of
the five F.T.C. commissioners
would be required. And each step
is a further prod for Google to
make concessions to reach a set-
tlement before going to court.
Last month, Jon Leibowitz,chair-
man of the F.T.C., said a final de-
cision on whether to sue Google
would be made before the end of
this year.
The Google investigation ech-
oes the Microsoft case in a basic
way. Google, like Microsoft in the
personal computer industry, has
drawn complaints from rivals
and antitrust regulators as it has
expanded its business beyond its
F.T.C. Said
To Prepare
For Lawsuit
Vs. Google
Contending that
search results are
being manipulated. Continued on Page 3
When Justin Olson put his
Southwestern-style ranch house
outside Phoenix on the market,
he got what he was expecting:
an immediate batch of offers,
virtually all above his asking
price,which was set intentional-
ly low, at $197,500,to attract in-
terest. He chose an offer of
But then came an unpleasant
surprise. An appraiser for the
buyer’s bank said the house was
worth only $195,000. That lim-
ited the amount that the bank
would lend, forcing the buyer to
come up with more cash or ne-
gotiate a lower price.
“There was just no way I was
selling that house for less than
$200,000,” Mr. Olson said. His
broker, Brett Barry of Home-
smart, advised him that there
was little chance of changing the
appraiser’s mind. Mr. Olson
said, “The part that blows me
away — the appraisal can be
such an arbitrary, personal deci-
sion and there is no appeals pro-
cess.” Adding to his indignation, a
similar house two doors away
was appraised at and sold for
$225,000. Appraisals are generally or-
dered by banks so they can ver-
ify the value of collateral before
granting a mortgage. Before the
housing crash, when home val-
ues seemed only to rise, ap-
praisals were almost an after-
thought. But now, with banks
far more cautious about lending,
a low appraisal can torpedo a
The problem is so widespread
that this week the National As-
sociation of Realtors blamed
faulty appraisals for holding
back the housing recovery, say-
ing its members had reported Which House Is Worth More?
Scrutiny for Home Appraisers
As the Market Struggles to Take Off
Similar ranch houses on a street in a suburb of Phoenix.The bottom house recent-
ly was appraised and sold for $225,000. But when the top house went up for sale,
an appraiser set the value at $195,000, frustrating the owner’s attempt to sell it.
Continued on Page 4
Three years ago, Colleen Ste-
phens moved her family from a
5,000-square-foot, newly reno-
vated home overlooking the bay
in Virginia Beach into a house
half the size and much farther
While she was not thrilled
with the move, Ms. Stephens
explained, “We would have
rather lived in a tent in our
backyard than put our kids
back in our house.”
The bigger house had been
renovated with Chinese-made
drywall, and Ms. Stephens con-
tends that it reeked and made
her family sick. She filed a law-
suit seeking damages in 2009,
but so far, she hasn’t received a
cent, in part because of the com-
plexities of suing a manufactur-
er fromChina.
But decisions in state and fed-
eral courts in recent weeks in-
volving the company, a major
Chinese manufacturer of dry-
wall,could signal a turning
point for thousands of American
homeowners like Ms. Stephens,
according to lawyers represent-
ing homeowners and homebuil-
The Chinese manufacturer,
Taishan Gypsum, argues that
its drywall was not defective
and that courts in the United
States have no jurisdiction over
the company since its drywall
was sold in this country by oth-
er companies.
But a federal judge in Louisi-
ana ruled last month in a dry-
wall case that Taishan Gypsum
was responsible for its drywall
sold in Florida,Virginia and
Louisiana. The ruling by United
States District Court Judge El-
don E. Fallon followed a similar
decision on Aug. 31 by a state
judge in Florida.
Miami-Dade Circuit Court
Judge Joseph P. Farina ruled
that the plasterboard company
that exported the drywall to
Florida was wholly owned and
controlled by Taishan Gypsum,
and therefore it was subject to
the court’s jurisdiction.
The judge also noted that
Taishan Gypsum “actively tar-
geted the Florida market by
courting Florida companies,
mailing drywall samples to
Florida, selling large amounts
of drywall to Florida-based
Taishan Gypsum is appealing
both rulings, and the company’s
lawyer, Joe Cyr of Hogan Lov-
ells, said he was confident his
client would prevail. Mr. Cyr
said American distributors
came to China looking for dry-
Turning Point for Suits Over Chinese Drywall
Chinese drywall purportedly turned a baby monitor yellow. Continued on Page 4
Most people caring for a family
member with special needs even-
tually assemble a financial check-
list of sorts. They put together a team of
health, legal and financial ex-
perts who understand
their family member’s
condition. Then comes
the estate plan and mak-
ing sure they under-
stand the eligibility
rules for any state or
federal benefits. Checking these items off, how-
ever, as I did in a column last
week, often proves to be the easi-
er part of special needs planning.
The harder part springs from two
challenges that are ultimately
rooted in emotion and behavior.
It’s the psychological side, after
all, that often plays a big role in
just about every major financial
decision. The first is the question of
where a special needs child or
sibling should live. The second is
not letting the stress of managing
the affairs of a special needs fam-
ily member contribute to the end
of a marriage or other long-term
romantic partnership.
When Alice Walther’s son was
small and experiencing develop-
mental delays, she and her hus-
band took him to a major chil-
dren’s hospital in the St. Louis
area. A top doctor there told them
that he was severely retarded.
“He said to put him in a home,
that it will ruin your family,” she
Her son Sean is now 43 and he
never left his family’s home. He
works part time at a library and
pursues his passion for golf in his
spare time, watching tourna-
ments on television and main-
taining a collection of scorecards
from all over the world that is so
large it takes up three book-
shelves. “He’s gotten so used to his own
room and his own bathroom that
he wouldn’t fit into a group home,
The Psychic Toll Paid in a Special Needs House RON
MONEY Continued on Page 5
Finally moving beyond a trad-
ing debacle that has stained his
once-stellar reputation, Jamie Di-
mon, JPMorgan Chase’s chief ex-
ecutive,on Friday trumpeted a
strong quarter of earnings stem-
ming from a surge in mortgage
Mr. Dimon has been fighting to
shift attention from a multi-
billion-dollar trading loss in May
that rattled investors, prompted
the bank to claw back millions in
compensation and attracted the
scrutiny of federal law enforce-
ment agents. The latest quarter’s
profit, up 34 percent,to $5.71 bil-
lion, helped do that. Mr. Dimon, who months ago
took a swaggering tone in dis-
missing the troubled bets and
was later forced to be more con-
trite, struck his usual confident
tone on Friday. He emphasized
that JPMorgan had contained the
fallout from the bungled trade, af-
ter closing out the position and
limiting the losses to the invest-
ment bank of on the remainder of
the credit derivative trade.The
losses on the bet were $449 mil-
lion in the third quarter, bringing
the total loss to $6.25 billion for
the year.
“Synthetic credit is a side-
show,” Mr. Dimon said.
Instead, he pointed to the
bank’s robust growth across its
business units, especially in its
mortgage banking unit, which re-
ported a profit increase of 57 per-
cent from a year earlier.
“We believe the housing mar-
ket has turned the corner,” Mr.
Dimon said.
Over all, the company’s earn-
ings, at $1.40 a share, surpassed
Mortgage Lending Helps
JPMorgan Profit Rise 34%
Continued on Page 2
Following are the most popular business news articles on from Oct. 5 through 11: 1. Drop in Jobless Figure Gives Jolt to Race for President 2. In Technology Wars, Using the Patent as a Sword
3. Measure Results, Not Hours, to Improve Work Efficiency
4. High Gas Prices in California Have Drivers Scrambling
5. For Some Drivers, Electric Motorcycle Could Be the Best of Both
6. Common Sense: Apple’s Map App Could Raise Antitrust Concerns
7. Dick Costolo of Twitter, an Improv Master Writing Its Script 8. Entrepreneurs Starting Up With Fewer Employees 9. Glut of Solar Panels Is a New Test for China
10. Chinese Company Sets New Rhythm in Port of Piraeus And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. How Bureau of Labor Statistics Tames Volatile Raw Data for Jobs
Reports (Economix) 2. Toyota Issues Sweeping Global Recall Over Fire Hazard (Wheels)
3. Lena Dunham Signs Book Deal for More Than $3.5 Million (Media
4. Disruptions: With a 3-D Printer, Building a Gun With the Push of a
Button (Bits)
5. In a Fire Sale, Penske Media Buys Variety (Media Decoder) ONLINE:MOST POPULAR SOFTWARE
Workday Posts a Big Gain at Its I.P.O.
Workday, a software company, opened 72 percent above its offering
price of $28 in its debut on Friday.The stock closed the day at $48.69,up
nearly 74 percent on its first day. Workday’s debut capped a streak of in-
vestor enthusiasm for initial public offerings this week. Investor appe-
tite for Workday, which makes cloud-based applications for human re-
sources, has been rising. Revenue at Workday, which was founded by
two veterans of the software industry, David Duffield and Aneel Bhusri,
has more than doubled every year since 2007, reaching $134 million in
the year that ended Jan. 31, according to its most recent prospectus.
Still,like many start-ups, it is struggling to turn a profit. The company
has reported a loss every year since 2007. WILLIAM ALDEN
BUSINESS BRIEFING from the third quarter of 2011.
The bank’s chief financial offi-
cer, Timothy J.Sloan, under-
scored that “it’s more than just
the mortgage business.” The
strong results, he noted, were
spread across the bank. The
wealth management unit im-
proved. So did the sales and trad-
ing business.
“We just have the great benefit
of this diversified model,” Mr.
Sloan said in an interview.
But investors were not fully
impressed. On Friday, the bank’s
shares closed down 2.6 percent to
$34.25,reflecting concern about
net interest margin, a measure of
the income the bank makes on its
assets. The measure declined in
part because the bank’s own in-
vestments suffered from an envi-
ronment of low-interest rates.
Wells Fargo, along with
JPMorgan Chase, began the bank
earnings season on Friday. The
nation’s other big banks, includ-
ing Goldman Sachs and Bank of
America, will report their results
next week.
The Wells Fargo story line —
that a deep lending effort breeds
success — is rooted in broad fed-
eral stimulus efforts that have
propped up the mortgage indus-
try. An initiative by the Treasury
Department is spurring refinanc-
ings. And the Federal Reserve
has introduced a long-term plan
to buy large batches of mortgage-
backed bonds, which should help
keep rates low.
Wells Fargo, more than five
years after the mortgage crisis,
has seized the opportunity. The
bank now creates about a third of
all mortgages in the country. To-
tal outstanding loans jumped
slightly in the third quarter to
$783 billion while the bank’s
At the height of the financial
crisis, the mortgage business was
a millstone for the banking in-
dustry. Today, it is a profit center.
Wells Fargo on Friday report-
ed $4.9 billion in profit for the
third quarter, a 22 percent jump
largely led by a booming mort-
gage business.
The bank, based in San Fran-
cisco, continues to churn out
record profit, having reported 11
straight quarters of gains in net
income. The results of 88 cents a
share narrowly beat the esti-
mates of analysts polled by
Thomson Reuters, who forecast
earnings of 87 cents a share.
The bank’s revenue increased
as well, sidestepping a common
sore spot that has plagued most
all of the nation’s biggest banks.
Wells Fargo recorded $21.2 billion
in revenue, which surpassed the
$19.6 billion figure from a year
earlier but was slightly below ex-
The bank’s lending division led
the growth, as consumers re-
financed their mortgages to take
advantage of record low interest
rates. Wells Fargo, the nation’s
largest mortgage lender, snared
$188 billion in home mortgage ap-
plications, an 11 percent jump
home mortgage originations
soared 56 percent to $139 billion.
The demand for credit came
largely from refinancing, which
accounted for 72 percent of all
home loan applications. The
Treasury program produced 14
percent of the mortgage volume.
Like other big banks, Wells
Fargo makes home loans before
selling most of them to investors
after attaching a government
guarantee. Those gains totaled
$2.61 billion in the third quarter,
up 225 percent from $803 million
in the third quarter of last year.
The refinancing boom is fuel-
ing profits. Wells Fargo’s profit in
the community banking division,
which includes Wells Fargo’s re-
tail branches and mortgage busi-
ness, climbed 18 percent to $2.7
Despite the gains, the mort-
gage crisis continues to haunt
Wells Fargo. The bank this sum-
mer agreed to pay $175 million to
settle Justice Department accu-
sations that it discriminated
against certain minority home-
owners from 2004 to 2009. Wells
Fargo, which denied the charges,
was also sued this week by fed-
eral prosecutors in New York,
who claim the bank defrauded
the government and lied about
the quality of the mortgages it
handled under a federal housing
Still, the legal troubles will
barely nick the bank’s bottom
Like JPMorgan, Wells is hav-
ing growth beyond mortgages.
Wholesale banking, which in-
cludes the sales and trading busi-
ness along with the corporate
lending division, increased its
profit by 11 percent,to $1.9 billion.
While the unit operates in the
shadow of the Wall Street in-
vestment banks, Wells Fargo has
gradually extended its reach in
that area.
“There are a lot of underlying
positives that will continue to
drive the earnings of this compa-
ny,” said Edward R.Najarian, a
senior bank analyst at ISI, a New
York research firm.
A Wells Fargo branch in Daly City, Calif. The bank has reported
an increase in its net income for 11 consecutive quarters.
Wells Fargo Reports
A 22% Jump in Profit
Peter Eavis contributed report-
ing. Gains from mortgage
lending help the
bank’s bottom line.
Wall Street’s estimates. Revenue
in the third quarter was $25.9 bil-
lion, up 6 percent from the year-
ago quarter. As the nation’s largest bank in
assets, JPMorgan’s performance,
especially when rosy, is seized
upon as a positive sign for the
overall economy. The growth at
JPMorgan, particularly in loans
to consumers and businesses,
could signal broader optimism
among Americans and bode well
for the housing markets, which
have been lurching toward recov-
ery. “It’s a distinctly positive sign,”
said Glenn Schorr, an analyst
with Nomura Securities. The bank also reported that
fewer consumers were behind on
their credit card bills. Write-offs
of soured card loans fell to 3.6
percent, from 4.7 percent the pre-
vious year. Those trends echo a
pattern across the United States.
In August, delinquencies on
credit cards stood at 2.32 percent,
according to Moody’s Investors
Service. That’s down from 3.04 a
year earlier. Still, investors in bank stocks
remained wary after the earn-
ings announcements of JPMor-
gan and Wells Fargo on Friday.
Shares of JPMorgan declined 48
cents, or 1.14 percent,to $41.62.
Investors were spooked, in part,
by shrinking net interest mar-
gins, which is the profit margin
achieved from lending and in-
vesting. JPMorgan’s net interest
margin, for example, dipped to
2.43 percent from 2.66 a year ear-
lier. At JPMorgan,a glut of deposits
is challenging because of persis-
tently low interest rates, which
make yields on the bank’s in-
vestments anemic. JPMorgan’s earnings were
buoyed, though, by an increase in
mortgage lending, spurred, in
part, by exceedingly low interest
rates, driven even lower in recent
weeks by the Federal Reserve’s
mortgage bond buying program.
New home loans and refinanc-
ings at the bank hit $47 billion, up
29 percent from the period a year
Mr. Dimon tempered his ex-
pectations for the market and
noted that a large swath of the
new originations came from a
burst of refinancing activity that
would eventually slow down. Re-
financings accounted for roughly
75 percent of the quarter’s mort-
gage volume.
He warned, too, that defaults
could continue, along with fore-
closures, which would most likely
leave the bank to shoulder higher
costs. Hitting a familiar tone, Mr. Di-
mon also remarked that the hous-
ing market could rebound more
quickly if lawmakers in Washing-
ton did less meddling. “I would
hope for America’s sake we start
to fix the things that make the
mortgage underwriting too
tight,” he said on a conference
call with reporters.
Throughout its core lending
businesses, JPMorgan showed
signs of strength. The commer-
cial banking group reported
record revenue. The volume of
credit card sales jumped 11 per-
cent over the previous year, bol-
stering the broader unit. The
card services and auto business
posted profits of $954 million, up
12 percent.
With the improving credit envi-
ronment, JPMorgan set aside
less money to cover potential
losses, increasing its profits. In
the mortgage banking business,
the bank cut the amount of re-
serves by $900 million. Across
the bank, JPMorgan set aside
$1.79 billion of such funds, com-
pared with $2.41 billion a year
Revenue from fixed-income
and equity markets remained
largely stagnant. Still, the bank is dogged by in-
vestigations that could increase
its headaches going forward. In
the latest challenge for the bank,
federal authorities are building
criminal cases related to the trad-
ing loss, examining calls in which
JPMorgan employees talked
about how to value the bets. The
Securities and Exchange Com-
mission is also investigating the
trading losses.
In addition, JPMorgan is facing
a lawsuit against Bear Stearns,
the troubled unit it now owns.
Earlier this month in its first
move against a big bank, the fed-
eral mortgage task force, co-
headed by the New York attorney
general,Eric T. Schneiderman,
sued Bear Stearns and its lending
unit, claiming it defrauded invest-
ors who bought mortgage securi-
ties during the housing boom.
In a bid to clean up the bungled
trade ahead of its third-quarter
earnings, JPMorgan has broadly
reshuffled its top executive
ranks. For example, Douglas L.
Braunstein, the bank’s chief fi-
nancial officer since 2010, is ex-
pected to give up his position, but
remain at the company. Earlier,
Barry Zubrow, who currently
heads the bank’s regulatory af-
fairs,announced he would resign
by the end of the year. In the second quarter, the bank
transferred the remaining credit
bets in the chief investment office
to its investment banking unit.
On Friday, JPMorgan said it “ef-
fectively closed” out its deriva-
tive position, which was made by
Bruno Iksil, the so-called London
Jamie Dimon, JPMorgan’s chief, is hoping to move his bank be-
yond a bungled trade that has led to a loss of $6.25 billion.
Mortgage Lending Helps JPMorgan Profit Jump 34% From First Business Page
need-based scholarships. Many
colleges budget 4 to 6 percent of
the endowment’s value for cur-
rent spending. At Harvard, funds
from the endowment account for
35 percent of the university’s an-
nual budget.
“The compelling simplicity of a
60/40 strategy is very hard to
beat,” Timothy J. Keating,presi-
dent of Keating Investments in
Greenwood Village, Colo., and au-
thor of two reports on endow-
ment performance, told me this
week. “Many investors would be
much better served with a simple
60/40 strategy, or at least a core
where you have low-cost index
funds. When you understand the
role of transaction fees, it’s a very
high mountain to scale.”
Those fees for so-called alter-
native investments can be enor-
mous. Hedge fund and private
equity fund managers typically
keep 20 percent or more of the
gains, which is known as carried
interest, and a percentage of as-
sets under management. Private
equity, real estate and natural re-
sources partnerships may also
impose an array of transaction
fees on top of performance fees.
“The audacity of Wall Street at
extracting fees never ceases to
amaze me,” Mr. Keating said.
Simon Lack,a founder of SL
Advisors in Westfield, N.J., and a
hedge fund insider —he allocat-
ed capital to hedge funds during
his 23 years at JPMorgan Chase
—caused a stir earlier this year
with his book, “The Hedge Fund
Mirage,” in which he calculated
that the hedge fund industry as a
whole lost more money in one
year (2008) than it had made in
the previous 10 years. “If all the
money that’s ever been invested
in hedge funds had been put in
Treasury bills instead, the results
are included.
The impact is significant. Uni-
versities depend on returns on
their endowments to finance op-
erations, pay faculty and admin-
istrative salaries, provide schol-
arships and pay for building
projects. Harvard said it planned
to spend $172 million this year on
would have been twice as good,”
he asserted. And he maintained
that nearly all the hedge funds’
gains had gone to hedge fund
managers rather than clients.
“If you look at the data, hedge
funds have underperformed a
simple 60/40 stock/bond mix ev-
ery year for the past 10 years,”
Mr. Lack told me this week.
“They did well in the downturn of
2000-2. But that’s when assets un-
der management were less than
half what they are now. There’s
no disputing that as assets have
grown, performance has de-
Not surprisingly, Mr. Lack’s
analysis has come under attack
by a vast industry that depends
on steering clients into alterna-
tive investments, among them
the London-based Alternative In-
vestment Management Associa-
tion, a lobbying group that issued
a detailed rebuttal. But Mr. Lack
said he stood by his methodology,
and pointed out that many of his
critics had a financial stake in
maintaining the status quo. Mr.
Keating, who doesn’t advise en-
dowments or pension funds, said
he agreed with Mr. Lack. “He’s
very controversial, but I found
his analysis persuasive.”
Among those raising questions
about the Ivy League model and
its heavy dependence on alterna-
tive investments is Vanguard, the
giant mutual fund company that
has long promoted a radically
simpler approach based on low-
cost index and mutual funds.“I
feel that there was endowment
envy, or maybe emulation is a
better word,” Francis M. Kinniry
Jr.,a principal in Vanguard’s In-
vestment Strategy Group, told
me this week. “Everybody want-
ed to look like the Yales and Har-
vards of the world. But they were
early. They were doing these
techniques in the mid-1990s and
late 1990s when equities looked
overvalued, and alternative strat-
egies could capture market im-
perfections. That’s no longer
true. Those universities were for-
ward-looking and deserve a lot of
credit. But emulating that pro-
cess three, five or seven years
later is very problematic.”
Even David Swensen,Yale’s
chief investment officer, who is
widely viewed as the godfather of
what has become known as the
Yale model, has cautioned that
few could expect to replicate
Yale’s results, because Yale had
access to top managers whose
doors were closed to all but a fa-
vored few. Mr. Kinniry agreed.
“Because of their size and rela-
tionships, and the ability to com-
mit to a continuing investment
cycle, Harvard, Yale, M.I.T.and
Notre Dame have unique access.”
It’s true that Harvard’s and
Yale’s endowments, in contrast to
most smaller endowments, have
outperformed a simpler and
more conventional mix of stocks
and bonds, and a Harvard
spokesman noted that over the
last 10 years, Harvard’s endow-
ment had generated over $12 bil-
lion more than a 60/40 model
would have.
But that may be hard to repli-
cate in the future, even for the
Harvards and Yales of the world,
since even access to top manag-
ers is no guarantee of future per-
formance. “They’ll have to be
very good at manager selection,”
Mr. Lack said, “because there’s
been very little return persist-
ence. I looked at one-third of the
hedge fund industry. Of those in
top 40 percent of returns, only 7
percent stayed there throughout
the period.” Arecent example is
the billionaire hedge fund man-
ager John Paulson, who after a
spectacular bet against mort-
gage-backed securities in 2007 at-
tracted millions from investors,
but then suffered crushing losses
last year. “He deserves credit,
but he had one great trade and
that was it,” Mr. Lack said of Mr.
Paulson. “He should have quit
and done something else for a liv-
In addition, the high annual-
ized returns at Harvard, Yale and
a few other universities largely
depended on some superlative
years that are now receding into
the past. As a result, their aver-
age returns are dropping. Even
the top endowments experienced
severe double-digit declines dur-
ing the financial crisis, when
hedge funds failed to perform as
expected and illiquid alternative
investments left some major uni-
versities facing a cash bind. Yale
recently reported a gain of 4.7
percent for the fiscal year that
ended June 30. Princeton said its
gain would similarly be less than
5 percent. Even those mediocre
returns may be better than many
smaller endowments, which,like
Harvard,may be facing losses. “If you look at the endowment
world as a whole,” Mr. Keating
said,“they don’t have access to
the top quartile of managers.
That access is uniquely provided
to a few of the best investors. So
what does the median venture
capital or private equity return
look like? It’s a horror show. It’s
been flat to even negative. The
strong get stronger and the weak
get stuck with non-top quartile
managers and mediocre returns
and high fees.”
With Complex Strategies, University Endowments Face a Hard Landing
From First Business Page
Sources: Vanguard; National Association
of College and University Business Officers THE NEW YORK TIMES
Unexpected Results
The investment returns of some of the biggest college endowments have been enviable, but a study has shown that they underperformed a standard portfolio of stocks and bonds, at least in the short term.
Simple portfolio (60% stocks, 40% bonds)
($1 billion or more in size)
($100 million to $1 billion)
(under $1 billion)
Investment returns of:
Large endowments
Medium endowments
Small endowments
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dominant product,search and
search advertising. Google has
aggressively built off this main
business to fields including online
commerce and smartphone soft-
As it expands its empire, Goo-
gle takes on new competitors and
brings formidable resources. Ri-
vals may suffer, Google says, but
the company is improving its
products and services, benefiting
consumers and the economy.
The American inquiry is mov-
ing in tandem with a major anti-
trust investigation in Europe.
The European authorities are
pressing ahead and seeking
changes in Google’s behavior.
Speaking in New York last
month, Joaquín Almunia,the Eu-
ropean Union’s competition com-
missioner, pointed to antitrust
regulators’ concerns that Google
is “using its dominance in online
search to foreclose rival special-
ized search engines and search
Google is also being investigat-
ed by the attorneys general of six
states: Texas, Ohio, New York,
California, Oklahoma and Missis-
Given the momentum of the in-
vestigations, antitrust experts
say, the F.T.C. staff recommenda-
tion was to some extent expect-
ed. The F.T.C. investigators have
looked at a wide range of Goo-
gle’s business practices, accord-
ing to companies that have been
questioned and received subpoe-
nas from the agency. The areas of inquiry include
accusations of manipulating the
search results it displays to favor
Google commerce services it has
developed like Google Shopping
for buying goods and Google
Places for advertising local res-
taurants and businesses. In the
civilian subpoenas, the F.T.C.
calls this “preferencing.”
The investigators are also look-
ing into whether Google’s auto-
mated advertising marketplace,
AdWords, discriminates against
advertisers from competing
online commerce services like
comparison shopping sites and
consumer review Web sites. The government is also investi-
gating Google’s practices in the
smartphone industry, inquiring if
its contracts with handset mak-
ers and carriers prevent them
from removing or modifying Goo-
gle products, like its Android op-
erating systemor Google search.
In addition, it is looking into Goo-
gle’s use of smartphone patents. But the critical antitrust issue
involves how Google proceeds as
it expands. One company that has been
questioned by the F.T.C. is Nex-
Tag,a comparison shopping
service that since June has been
known as Wize Commerce. As
Google built up its shopping of-
ferings in the last two years, Nex-
Tag executives say the traffic to
its site from Google’s search en-
gine has fallen, suggesting that
Google is manipulating its search
results to harm a commerce com-
petitor. In the last year, the online
traffic to NexTag from Google
search has fallen by half, the
company says. But NexTag has taken steps to
adjust. In the last year, it has ac-
quired two other sites and in-
vested heavily in its underlying
technology to help Web sites at-
tract online visitors, especially
ones most likely to purchase
their goods.
The NexTag site has also be-
come more aggressive with Goo-
gle — doubling the amount it
spends on Google paid ads in the
last five months. The move hurts
profits, but 60 percent of Nex-
Tag’s traffic comes from Google
search and Google paid ads.
“We need to be competitive
when they own the show,” said
Jeffrey G. Katz,chief executive of
Wize Commerce.
The company’s adaptive strat-
egy, Mr. Katz said, includes ex-
panding its partnerships with
other Web businesses including
Facebook, Microsoft’s Bing, Ya-
hoo and Twitter, though none
loom as large as Google.
The company, based in San
Mateo, Calif., is still profitable
and growing with 450 employees.
The most probable outcome of
the antitrust investigations of
Google, antitrust experts say, is a
settlement. The broad principle,
they say, would be an agreement
not to discriminate in favor of its
products over smaller compet-
itors. In Europe, Google has pro-
posed more clearly labeling when
its own offering like Google Shop-
ping appears in a search result,
according to a person briefed on
the proposal.
But regulators, antitrust ex-
perts say, will most likely push
for more sweeping commitments
on Google’s corporate conduct in
the future to try to ensure that
the company will not use its pow-
erful position in Internet search
to give it an unfair advantage in
other businesses and stifle com-
petition,which antitrust prohib-
Just how governments might
try to enforce a principle of non-
discrimination in fields as fast-
moving as Internet search, online
commerce and smartphones will
be challenging.
The American Antitrust Insti-
tute, an organization based in
Washington,typically leans to-
ward aggressive antitrust en-
forcement. It opposed a couple of
Google’s acquisitions on antitrust
“But this is a tough one,” Al-
bert A. Foer,president of the anti-
trust institute, said of the broad
antitrust pursuit of Google.
“That’s why we haven’t taken a
position yet.”
“Still, there is a shadow effect
to public and government scru-
tiny that has an impact in and of
itself,” Mr. Foer added. “And in a
dynamic industry that might not
be so bad.”
Jon Leibowitz, chairman of the F.T.C., said the agency would
decide whether to sue Google by the end of the year. VIRGINIA MAYO/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Joaquín Almunia, competition commissioner for the European
Union, said he was troubled by Google’s dominance. F.T.C. Staff Said to Be Laying Groundwork for an Antitrust Case vs. Google Concern on two
continents about a
search engine.
From First Business Page
Claire Cain Miller and Edward
Wyatt contributed reporting. By FLOYD NORRIS
growth is faltering,
the International
Monetary Fund said
this week,as it forecast that most
of the large developed economies
would either shrink this year or
grow at paltry rates of 2 percent
or less. Developing economies
will do better, but the forecasts
for them are falling as well.
“The world economic recovery
continues, but it has weakened
further,” the fund’s chief econo-
mist, Olivier Blanchard, told a
news conference in Tokyo, where
the I.M.F. and World Bank were
holding their annual meetings.
“In advanced economies, growth
is now too low to make a substan-
tial dent in unemployment, and in
major emerging markets,
growth, which had been strong
earlier, has also decreased.”
As can be seen in the accompa-
nying chart, only Japan and the
United States,among the large
industrialized countries,are now
forecast to grow more than 2 per-
cent this year, and both are
pegged to grow just 2.2 percent.
The figures refer to growth for
the entire year relative to the pre-
vious year, not to a comparison of
the fourth quarter of each year.
In April, the I.M.F. forecast
that global growth would be 3.5
percent in 2012 — the slowest rate
in three years — but would rise to
4.1 percent in 2013. Now it fore-
casts growth of just 3.3 percent
this year, and 3.6 percent in 2013.
The British economy, which in
April was expected to post mod-
est growth of 0.8 percent this
year, now is expected to shrink
by 0.4 percent.
Some of the sharpest cuts in
the forecasts came in major de-
veloping economies;the forecast
of Brazil’s growth this year was
cut in half to 1.5 percent.
But Mr. Blanchard emphasized
that “we do not see these devel-
opments, be it in China, India, or
Brazil, as signs of a hard landing
in any of these countries.” He
added,“Indeed, we see positive
policy measures being taken in
all three countries, but the num-
bers suggest that these countries
are going to have lower growth
for some time, at least lower than
some of the very high growth
rates that we saw in earlier
Brazil is still seen as likely to
experience a rapid rebound in
growth, rising to 4 percent in
2013. The fund’s World Economic
Outlook praised the country for
“targeted fiscal measures aimed
at boosting demand in the near
term” and for easing its mone-
tary policy.
In general,the report praised
central banks in developing coun-
tries for their innovative ways of
easing monetary policies,like
bond purchases.It said that at
the moment,fiscal stimulus was
likely to have a larger impact
than it normally would, although
the ability of countries to apply
such stimulus was limited by the
need to bring deficits under con-
trol over the longer term.
Growth rates are forecast to
rise in most countries in 2013, but
not in the United States, where it
is forecast to dip to 2.1 percent, or
in Japan, where the rate is ex-
pected to fall to 1.2 percent.
Floyd Norris comments on fi-
nance and the economy at
A Global Perspective:More Economic Slowing
Source: I.M.F.
World Growth Prospects Dim
The International Monetary Fund updated its world economic outlook this week, showing that it now expects less growth in 2012 and 2013 in nearly every region of the world than it did in the spring of this year. But it still thinks most countries will do a little better in 2013 than they will do this year.
United States
Euro area
2012 2013
2012-13 change
in estimates
Annual economic growth estimates made in April ( ) and October ( )
By Reuters
Consumer sentiment unex-
pectedly rose to its highest level
in five years in October in the lat-
est in a string of encouraging eco-
nomic signs.
The Thomson Reuters/Univer-
sity of Michigan’s preliminary
October reading on the overall in-
dex on consumer sentiment came
in at 83.1, up from 78.3 in Septem-
ber, and the highest since Sep-
tember 2007, the survey showed
on Friday.
The new buoyancy among con-
sumers comes shortly after the
nation’s unemployment rate tum-
bled in September to its lowest in
nearly four years.
“We are getting some quite in-
teresting signals from consumer
sentiment and employment
data,” said David Sloan, an econ-
omist at 4Cast in New York.
The sentiment reading was
well above the median forecast
for a decline to 78 among econo-
mists surveyed by Reuters as
consumers felt better about the
The compilers of the survey
said consumers felt better about
the economy in both the long and
the short term.
“What changed was how they
evaluated economic conditions,”
the survey director,Richard T.
Curtin,said in a statement. “Eco-
nomic conditions during the year
ahead were expected to be ‘good’
by more consumers, and more
consumers expected ‘good’ eco-
nomic times over the next five
The survey’s gauge of consum-
er expectations jumped to 79.5
from 73.5, well above an expected
reading of 74. Expectations were
at their highest since July 2007.
The survey’s barometer of cur-
rent economic conditions rose to
88.6 from 85.7 and was above a
forecast of 86.
Also on Friday, the Economic
Cycle Research Institute, a New
York-based independent fore-
casting group, said its measure of
future economic expansion
pushed higher last week, while
the annualized growth rate rose
to its loftiest in more than a year.
The institute said its Weekly
Leading Index increased to 127.7
last week from a revised 126.2 the
previous week. The index’s annu-
alized growth rate accelerated to
its highest level since May 2011,
at 5.7 percent from 4.6 percent.
A separate report showed pro-
ducer prices rose more than ex-
pected in September as the cost
of gasoline surged, but underly-
ing inflation pressures were mut-
ed in a sign the Federal Reserve
has room to carry out its new
monetary stimulus program.
“If you take out food and ener-
gy,you are essentially looking at
a number that didn’t go any-
where and was actually probably
a little weaker than expected,”
said Cary Leahey, an economist
at Decision Economics.
“These kinds of energy prices
are debilitating to the economy
and it is one of the reasons why
we haven’t been able to get any
kind of a glide speed above a 2
percent annual rate.”
The Labor Department said on
Friday its seasonally adjusted
Producer Price Index increased
1.1 percent last month. Econo-
mists polled by Reuters had ex-
pected prices at farms, factories
and refineries to rise 0.7 percent
after climbing 1.7 percent in Au-
The Labor Department’s re-
port agreed with the sentiment
survey that showed consumers’
one-year inflation expectations
fell to 3.1 percent from 3.3 per-
U.S. Consumer Sentiment
Jumps to a 5-Year High Positive expectations
for both the short and
long terms.
dex has fallen 3.1 percent.
“If we keep getting negative
reports, selling will pick up,” he
Expectations are low for S.& P.
500 companies’ results. Quarter-
ly earnings are forecast to fall 3
percent from a year ago, com-
pared with a 2.1 percent drop es-
timated at the start of the month,
according to Thomson Reuters
The Dow Jones industrial av-
erage edged up 2.46 points, or
0.02 percent,to 13,328.85 at the
close. But the S.& P.500 fell 4.25
points,or 0.3 percent, to finish at
1,428.59.The Nasdaq composite
dipped 5.30 points,or 0.17 per-
cent, to 3,044.11.
The S.& P.500 closed right
above its 50-day moving average,
barely enough to avoid going into
By Reuters
The United States stock mar-
ket wrapped up its worst week in
four months, led lower on Friday
by financial shares as results
from Wells Fargo and JPMorgan
Chase stoked concerns about
shrinking profit margins for big
Shares of Wells Fargo fell 2.6
percent,to $34.25,and JPMorgan
stock lost 1.1 percent,to $41.62,as
concerns grew over their lower
net-interest margin — the differ-
ence between what a bank pays
on deposits and what it makes on
loans — which could narrow fur-
ther as the Federal Reserve
keeps interest rates near zero.
Both Wells Fargo and JPMor-
gan, the two largest American fi-
nancial stocks by market value,
reported record profits, but in-
vestors were cautious nonethe-
“Bank shares as a group have
had a nice move this year so far,”
said Kenneth Polcari,managing
director at ICAP Equities in New
York. “Guidance is cautious,so
people are taking money off the
The results prompted a sell-off
in the shares of other banks as
well. A Standard & Poor’s finan-
cial index, down 1.4 percent, rep-
resented the worst performer of
the S.& P.500’s top 10 sectors.
The KBW Bank index lost 2.5
Mr. Polcari said the low vol-
ume that came with this week’s
decline indicated this was not a
sign of panic. Since hitting a near
five-year intraday high of 1,474.51
on Sept. 14, the benchmark
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock in-
the weekend with a technical red
flag hanging over the market.
Despite several encouraging
data points this week, the bench-
mark S.& P.500 fell 2.2 percent —
its worst weekly performance
since the week that ended June 1.
Shares of Advanced Micro De-
vices fell 14.4 percent to $2.74 a
day after the chip maker said its
third-quarter revenue probably
fell 10 percent from the previous
quarter as a weak global econ-
omy and a growing preference
for tablets slams the PC industry.
About 5.5 billion shares
changed hands on the New York
Stock Exchange, the Nasdaq and
NYSE MKT, below the daily av-
erage so far this year of about
6.52 billion shares.
On the New York exchange,
about seven issues fell for every
four that rose. On the Nasdaq, al-
most two issues fell for every one
that advanced.
Earlier in the session, the mar-
ket was supported by Thomson
Reuters-University of Michigan
data showing that American con-
sumer sentiment unexpectedly
rose to its highest in five years in
October, in the latest in a string
of encouraging signs about the
Interest rates were flat. The
Treasury’s benchmark 10-year
note rose 3
, to 99
, and the
yield was steady at 1.66 percent
compared with 1.67 percent late
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
Wall St. Dips, Ending Worst Week in 4 Months
Flying Without a Photo ID
While my family gulped down breakfast before leaving for the air-
port for a recent trip, I checked us in online and printed out boarding
passes. To save time later, I also got a credit card out of my wallet to
pay the $50 fee for two checked bags.
When we arrived at the airport, I opened my purse to find my wallet
was missing. After using the credit card, I had left the wallet on my
desk. With my driver’s license in it.
There wasn’t time to go home. So we approached an agent at the se-
curity checkpoint and explained the situation. After asking my hus-
band and children to step aside, he summoned a colleague — some
sort of “no photo identification” specialist — to deal with me.
The Transportation Security Administration’s Web site says a fed-
eral- or state-issued photo identification is required to fly. But the site
adds: “We understand passengers occasionally arrive at the airport
without an ID because of lost items or inadvertently leaving them at
home. Not having an ID does not necessarily mean a passenger won’t
be allowed to fly. If passengers are willing to provide additional infor-
mation, we have other means of substantiating someone’s identity,
like using publicly available databases.”
The T.S.A. agent had me sign a form, allowing the agency to verify
my identity. He asked if I had other identification (I didn’t), or if my
husband had anything with my name on it (again, no). I did have a
checkbook, so I handed that over. Then he called someone on his
phone, and asked me questions —like my previous addresses and my
date of birth. It reminded me of the online verification process you go
through when opening a bank account or obtaining your credit report.
Finally the agent jotted a number on my boarding pass and waved
me on. The process took about 15 to 20 minutes. I asked for documen-
tation of the screening for my return flight, but he shook his head. He
advised getting to the airport early, in case the process took longer on
the trip home. (It didn’t, although I had my hands swabbed before be-
ing sent on my way.)
A few years ago I arrived with my family at DFW for a
flight to La Guardia,only to realize that I had left my driver’s license in
a coat pocket at home. I was allowed to board with only my Costco card
as ID, but did have to agree to a few extra questions, a pat-down and a
bag search. To be on the safe side, I asked a neighbor to FedEx my pass-
port to me for the return flight.—Susan, Southlake
Here’s a tip: Use your cellphone to take a picture of the photo ID
page of your passport. Then e-mail the photo to yourself. If you are ever
lost without an ID, if you can just access e-mail you will have an instant
photo ID and passport wherever you are. Whenever we travel overseas,
we also Xerox our passport picture page and keep that copy in our suit-
case, in case our passports are lost. Being trapped in a foreign country
without a passport is even worse than missing a flight for lack of a pho-
to ID!— Wyn, Atlanta
Drugs for Pets
Can Be Costly
Recently, my husband and I
caved in to pressure from our
children and adopted a dog from
the local animal shelter. She is a
delightful pet — cute, loyal and
not too rambunctious — most of
the time, anyway.
What she isn’t, though, is
I’ve learned that drugs for
dogs can cost as much as drugs
for people. When our adopted
pet’s flea medication wasn’t do-
ing the trick, our veterinarian
recommended Trifexis, a pill
that dogs can take once a month
both to kill fleas and prevent
heartworms, a canine scourge.
I took home a single dose to
try, then went to a local pet store
to buy a longer-term supply. But
the store didn’t carry it, nor did a
local veterinary supply outlet. So
I returned to the vet to buy it,
and was taken aback when I
learned a six-month supply was
$115, or $19 per pill. I paid the
bill, shaking my head about the
surprisingly high cost of dog
ownership while wondering how
a drug for a pet could rival the
cost of prescriptions for people.
That is the question being con-
sidered by the Federal Trade
Commission, which this month
held a workshop on pet medica-
tions and is soliciting comments
from veterinarians and consum-
ers about the state of the animal
drug industry. Unlike human drugs that are
primarily sold through pharma-
cies, many pet drugs are sold by
the veterinarians who prescribe
them. And some drug manufac-
turers allow their wares to be
distributed by vets only. This
has led to concern that consum-
ers are paying unnecessarily
high prices for some drugs. ANN CARRNS
I have six cats, three
chickens, and used to have a dog,
too,until she died, so I am no
stranger to buying a lot of medi-
cations for animals. Online is the
way to go, and there are sites
cheaper than the one you men-
tioned in your posting. If a vet
will not write me a prescription
that I can take anywhere, then I
find a new vet. The argument
that these vets make about the ne-
cessity of selling drugs out of their
own pharmacies to “control quali-
ty” is a spurious one that sounds
like the argument some hairdress-
ers give me when I buy my prod-
ucts online rather than at the
marked-up price in their salons.
— Hera, Baton Rouge, La.
Interest Rates has done an
analysis of banks and credit un-
ions, and has a suggestion for in-
creasing savings rates: promo-
tional or bonus rates on C.D.’s.
While interest rates over all
are meager, some institutions —
typically credit unions or smaller
community banks — may be of-
fering time-limited rates to at-
tract deposits as part of their cap-
ital strategy. Usually, such offers
apply only to new funds coming
in from elsewhere. So if you are
willing to shop around and can
resign yourself to moving your
money when the promotional
rate expires, you can increase the
interest rate you earn.
NerdWallet looked at data
from Market Rates Insight for
the 12 months ending in Septem-
ber and found that bonus rates
over all offered up to an addition-
al 0.68 percent over average
rates. The average annual per-
centage yield for a three-year
C.D., for instance, was just 0.7
percent, but the average bonus
yield for the same term was near-
ly double that, at 1.38 percent.
The catch is finding these pro-
motional rates, which are offered
for a limited time. NerdWallet
has started a weekly index, show-
ing how promotional rates com-
pare with average C.D. rates, and
featuring some of the most at-
tractive promotional rates avail-
able. Consumers can use those
rates as a point of comparison for
deals they may find at credit un-
ions or community banks closer
to home. ANN CARRNS
When even the “pro-
motional” rates border on insult,
cherry-picking the weekly super-
market specials is a better use of
one’s time.— Lonely Pedant, Dallas-Fort Worth
If a passenger has nophoto ID, T.S.A. can do a background check.
wall in 2005 and 2006.
“Taishan Gypsum did not ship
any drywall to the U.S.,” he said,
adding that Taishan “strongly
disputes any claim that the dry-
wall is defective.”
But lawyers representing
homeowners and homebuilders
suing over the suspect drywall
suggested the rulings could have
broad implications.In all, the
lawyers said, about 7,000 to 10,000
homes suffered damage because
of defective Chinese drywall in-
stalled in the aftermath of Hurri-
canes Rita and Katrina and dur-
ing a building boom in the South.
“This opens the door for courts
to look to Chinese manufacturers
to stand behind their products,”
said Hilarie Bass, a lawyer with
Greenberg Traurig in Miami who
represents several builders, in-
cluding Lennar Homes, which
she says spent more than $40 mil-
lion replacing defective drywall
and is now trying to recover
money from Taishan Gypsum.
The drywall dispute under-
scores the complexities of sorting
out legal claims in an increas-
ingly interconnected world. As
Jacques deLisle,a law professor
at the University of Pennsylvania
put it, “Products move very easi-
ly across borders. Legal judg-
ments, not so much.”
With the exception of the mem-
bers of the European Union,
countries rarely recognize court
judgments from other nations.
But often the problems are re-
solved in other ways. For in-
stance, businesses from different
countries include binding arbitra-
tion agreements in their con-
tracts, said Stephen C. Yeazell, a
law professor at the University of
California, Los Angeles.
Or, instead of pursuing a for-
eign-based company, plaintiffs
often sue the American subsid-
iary of a foreign manufacturer or
a major distributor.In the case of
the defective drywall,lawsuits
were filed against the entire sup-
ply chain — builders, installers,
distributors — but none had
enough money to pay the claims,
said Arnold Levin, a Philadelphia
lawyer representing homeown-
ers in the case before Judge Fal-
lon in Louisiana.
“Only the manufacturer can
make this right,” he said. Some members of Congress
have taken up the issue, introduc-
ing the Contaminated Drywall
Safety Act that, among other
things,says the secretary of state
should insist that the government
of China force manufacturers to
submit to the jurisdiction of
American courts.The bill passed
the House last month and hasn’t
yet been taken up by the Senate.
In the years before the eco-
nomic crisis, hundreds of millions
of square feet of Chinese drywall
was exported to the United
States. But soon after the drywall
was installed homeowners no-
ticed a sulfurous smell. In addi-
tion, appliances like televisions
and microwaves inexplicably
failed, and silver and copper
items were covered with black
Many homeowners also com-
plained of health problems, in-
cluding headaches, respiratory
ailments and skin and eye irrita-
tion. Hundreds of lawsuits were
filed in state and federal courts
against builders, installers, sup-
pliers, importers and manufac-
The Chinese drywall was pri-
marily manufactured by two
companies, Taishan Gypsum and
Knauf Plasterboard Tianjin, a
Chinese affiliate of a German
company. Last December, Knauf
entered into an agreement to re-
solve the claims against it, con-
tingent on Judge Fallon’s approv-
al next month.
Steven Glickstein, a lawyer at
Kaye Scholer who represents
Knauf,said the cost of the settle-
ment depended on how many
homeowners are determined to
have had installed Knauf drywall.
The lawsuits against Taishan
Gypsum, meanwhile, are delayed
until the courts consider the com-
pany’s appeals of the recent rul-
ings. Even if the homeowners
and builders eventually win their
cases against Taishan Gypsum,
they face an even bigger chal-
lenge of collecting from the Chi-
nese company.
Ms. Stephens, who is 44, is not
getting her hopes up.“There’s no
way to hold a foreign manufac-
turer accountable in the U.S.
court system,” she said. “All they
have decided so far is that we
have jurisdiction.”
Michelle Germano, who is also
suing Taishan Gypsum, moved
out of her condominium in Nor-
folk, Va.,four years ago because
it was like a “gas chamber.”
“I’m going to stay positive that
something good is going to come
out of this,” she said.
Colleen Stephens says she moved into this much smaller home after Chinese drywall made her previous house, below, unlivable. Turning Point for Suits Over Defective Chinese Drywall
Colleen Stephens remodeled this home in Virginia with Chi-
nese drywall, which she said reeked and made her family sick. From First Business Page
The nation’s largest meat compa-
ny, Tyson Foods, said on Friday
that it was beginning a program
to audit the way animals are
treated on its suppliers’ farms.
Tyson has been feeling pres-
sure from animal welfare activ-
ists,who have urged the compa-
ny to move away from cramped
cages for pregnant pigs.
But the company said the
move was not in response to ac-
tions from such organizations, in-
cluding the Humane Society of
the United States.
Tyson’s chief executive, Don-
ald Smith,said in a statement
that the company knew that con-
sumers wanted assurances that
their food was being produced re-
Tyson said auditors would
check on things like animal ac-
cess to food and water, as well as
proper human-animal interaction
and worker training.
Tyson is supplied by more than
12,000 independent livestock and
poultry farmers.
Stock in Tyson, which is based
in Springdale, Ark., fell 9 cents on
Friday, or 0.56 percent, to $16.02 a
share. Tyson Foods to Audit Suppliers’ Farms
that more than a third of all deals
were canceled, delayed or rene-
gotiated to a lower price because
of a low appraisal. Several real
estate agents said they were
starting to include appraisal con-
tingencies in their contracts,
spelling out how much a buyer
would be willing to pay in cash if
the appraisal fell short. Appraisers use previous sales
of comparable houses to help val-
ue a home. If prices are just start-
ing to climb, and sales take two or
three months to close, there can
be a lag before the change in
prices is observed. The Realtors report said ap-
praisers were improperly using
foreclosures and neglected prop-
erties as comparable homes, fail-
ing to account for market condi-
tions like scarce inventory and
bidding wars, and working in
areas where they lack local ex-
pertise. The report faulted banks
for using inexperienced apprais-
ers,and for creating unrealistic
requirements, like six compara-
ble sales instead of three, at a
time of few sales.
“It’s holding sellers off the
market,” said Jed Smith,the
managing director of quantita-
tive research for the Realtors
group. “Sales volume could prob-
ably be an additional 10 to 15 per-
cent higher if we had normal
lending practices and if we had
normal appraisal practices.” That
in turn, he said, would create
more jobs.
Appraisers and real estate bro-
kers agreed that a ban, imposed
since the housing crash, on loan
originators’ handpicking apprais-
ers had led to the use of appraisal
management companies that
take a healthy cut of the consum-
er’s fee and hire inexperienced,
low-cost appraisers.
But appraisers took issue with
the complaints and pointed out
that unlike real estate agents,
they have no bias or incentive to
help complete a deal. “Appraisers don’t set the mar-
ket, they reflect what’s happen-
ing in the market,” said Ken Chit-
ester,a spokesman for the Ap-
praisal Institute, a professional
association. “So don’t shoot the
messenger. Blaming the apprais-
er for a bad housing market is
like blaming the weatherman be-
cause you don’t like the weather.”
Mr. Olson and his buyer com-
promised on a price of $205,000,
less than initially offered and
therefore, some might say, less
than the house was worth. But any transaction involving a
mortgage is limited by the ap-
praisal — an assessment that is
part science and part art and is
based on a variety of factors like
location and square footage. Though Mr. Olson’s house was
in good condition, the house near-
by that sold for more had at least
$30,000 worth of upgrades, said
Craig Young, the broker who rep-
resented the seller. But Mr.
Young said appraisals could still
be unpredictable, pointing out
that a home across the street sold
for even more, $239,000. Some appraisers said agents
misunderstand the way homes
were valued. For example, al-
though bank-owned homes gen-
erally sell at a discount, that is
not true in every neighborhood,
said Dan McKinnon,who runs an
appraisal company with his wife
in Phoenix. Appraisers, there-
fore,do not automatically make
adjustments if they are using
such sales for comparison. Some
bank-owned homes are in good
condition, and in some neighbor-
hoods bank-owned sales domi-
nate the market, and thus de-
termine prices.
“If that property is in similar
condition to your subject, it is di-
rect competition,” Mr. McKinnon
R. James Girardot,an apprais-
er in Seattle, said appraisers
could protect buyers — partic-
ularly those from out of town who
might think a home sounds like a
great deal because prices are
much higher where they live. He said he recently did an ap-
praisal in a desirable subdivision
where the contract price was
head and shoulders above other
recent sales. “I was told by all the agents I
talked to that there’s a real short-
age out here, and this house is
the sharpest house that has ever
come on the market,” Mr. Gi-
rardot said.Then he found six
other houses in the area for sale,
and not one was close in price to
the house in question.
Still, in some areas the light
sales activity can cause legiti-
mate worries. This week Shan-
non Moore, a real estate agent on
Florida’s west coast, said she had
written a contract for more than
$1 million for a house on a barrier
island. There had been no recent
sales on the island, but one was
set to close soon,meaning that a
single price could affect her deal.
“Everybody holds their breath
until the appraisal comes in,” she
In some cases, agents use ap-
praisals to convince sellers that
their expectations are too high
and that they should accept a
lower offer. But in other cases,
sellers know that traditional buy-
ers are competing with cash in-
vestors who will pay more.
Afra Mendes Newell, a Florida
agent, said one of her clients re-
cently bid $150,000 on a home
that was appraised for $135,000.
The deal fell through, but another
buyer stepped in with $150,000
cash. The good news, she said,
was that the next appraisal in the
neighborhood would take that
price into account. Agents can try to head off low
valuations by arming the ap-
praiser with relevant comparable
sales and information about reno-
vations or upgrades that are not
readily visible,like insulation.
Buyers who disagree with an ap-
praisal can ask the bank to re-
view it, ask for a second apprais-
al, pay for their own appraisal, or
file a complaint with the state,
though agents said the chances
of salvaging a sale were slim. Appraisers see some irony in
the accusation that, so soon after
a housing bubble, they are being
accused of holding prices down.
They said buyers should not be
too eager to make a purchase
that is far above recent sales in a
neighborhood. “We can account for small to
reasonable increases in values,”
Mr. McKinnon said. “We cannot
account for $20,000 jumps in a
month.” Scrutiny for Appraisers as the Market Struggles As banks grow
cautious, home
values turn critical. From First Business Page
quite honestly,” Ms. Walther said. Mary Anne Ehlert, a financial
planner in Lincolnshire, Ill., who
specializes in advising people with
family members who have special
needs, has heard versions of this before.
Her own late sister, who had cerebral
palsy, lived with her parents as an adult
before her parents finally decided to
have her move out.
“You want to keep them totally in a
bubble,” she said. “But it’s not in their
best interest, and it’s not what they
want. The problem is, if the parents die,
then what?”
Ms. Walther’s other son Michael, a
financial planner himself, has thought
through every angle of his younger
brother’s situation. He sees things as
Ms. Ehlert does and thinks his brother
should move out of his parents’ home
sooner rather than later. “Change is not something he does
well with,” he said. “If we were to
introduce it at the same time as the loss
of a parent, that’s going to be an awful
lot to swallow. ”Their parents have a
plan for this. “The minute one of us
goes, the two who are left will move into
assisted living,” Ms. Walther said.
Meanwhile, they’re building a financial
war chest for that moment,in part by
living in the same house they have been
in for 45 years. Once Sean’s other parent dies or is
close to death, Mike plans to move his
brother to the Chicago area where he
lives. He’s made peace, more or less,
with his parents’ decision about where
Sean will do best in the meantime.
“They’re going to win this argument
while they’re alive,” he said. “And I’m
going to win it when they’re dead.”
The elder Walthers will celebrate
their 49th wedding anniversary next
month, but not every couple is so lucky.
Just how many couples never make it
that long while caring for a family
member with special needs is a bit
uncertain,though. Families I’ve spoken
to in the last two weeks have repeated a
statistic that about 75 percent of parents
with a special needs child end up
getting divorced or splitting up. There does not seem to be any data
backing this up, but it’s clear why
people may fear the financial
consequences of a divorce in a family
that is caring for a child or live-in
relative with special needs. Christopher Currin, a financial
planner in Dallas who has an
18-year-old son with Down syndrome,
knows of a family that ended up paying
for three residences after a divorce. One
is for the mother, one for the father and
one is the house they used to share.
They didn’t think their child with
special needs could easily move back
and forth from one residence to another,
so the parents trade off moving back in. Mr. Currin’s marriage is intact, but as
someone who has counseled many
families with special needs relatives, he
understands why many partnerships do
not. “One person in a couple with a child
whose disability was unexpected may
have difficulty accepting it,” he said. “A
deeper wellspring of love may open up
in one of them, while the other goes to
that well and finds it empty.”
Some people also turn to a higher
power when faced with a different sort
of parenting challenge. “It can reinforce
or cause someone to rediscover
religious feelings,” he said. “But others
might be cast into doubt that can lead to
losing faith.”
The one advantage to frightening, if
exaggerated, divorce data is that it
might nudge people into some
preventive marriage counseling. Or if
not that, the persistent, low-grade fear
of a failed partnership may at least
encourage people to invest in some
quality time as a couple. Mr. Currin said he was particularly
grateful for the respite programs that
Methodist churches in his area have
offered over the years. There, special
needs children and their siblings can
spend an evening with others like them
while their parents get a few hours
“We don’t ever use the D word,” said
Matt Syverson, a financial planner in
Overland Park, Kan. He and his wife
have twins and a younger daughter,
Lily, who has Down syndrome. “We
don’t ever need to go there. We make
the best with what we’ve been dealt,
and with God’s help we keep getting
through it.”
In fact, now that Lily is in
kindergarten, the Syversons have
decided to add another child to their
family.In the spring, they hope to adopt
a boy they’ve named Levi and bring
him home from China. He has a severe
heart ailment,and once he’s moved in,
they will cross their fingers when the
time comes for the surgery that will
give himthe best chance at a long life. The Psychic Toll Paid in a House With a Special Needs Resident
From First Business Page
The Syverson family at the New Horizon horse ranch in Rantoul, Kan. From right are Tammy and Matt Syverson,
their twins Sophie and Grace, 11, and Lily, 5, who has Down syndrome and is doing therapy at the ranch.
Caring for a disabled
relative may draw a
family closer, or the stress
may drive them apart.
INANCIAL advisers are moving
from one firm to another more
often than they used to —some
for the big bonus they get for
moving, some to go out on their own
and some who are on their own now and
want the support of a large organiza-
tion. Whatever the reason,the transition
often seems opaque to clients —the
people whose money gives these advis-
ers’ businesses value.But most proba-
bly don’t care too much as long as they
get the same service and their state-
ments arrive on time. But a transaction this week got me
thinking about the obligations advisers
have to their clients when they move
and how their handling of that process
can offer insight into their character. Seth Glickenhaus,who has worked on
Wall Street since 1934 and started his
first firm in 1938,has decided to sell his
advisory firm,Glickenhaus & Company,
to Marvin Schwartz,the team leader of
six advisers called the Straus Group at
Neuberger Berman. Mr. Glickenhaus, who got his first job
in finance from Herbert Salomon, one of
the original Salomon brothers, is 98.
With his eyesight failing and his step
slowing, he said it was finally time to re-
tire. “I love being a money manager,” he
said. “If I didn’t have certain obvious
handicaps,I’d still be working at it. But
I don’t think it’s fair to manage other
people’s money when you think your
handicaps could impair your ability.”
He had been concerned about finding
a good home for his clients, who have
entrusted him with over $900 million to
manage. He has spent this past week
contacting clients to tell them about his
departure and why he picked Mr.
Schwartz. “I’ve admired him and used many of
his ideas,” Mr. Glickenhaus said. “It was
very hard to find someone with a simi-
lar investment policy. Most people in
money management are interested in
the fees they get and the commissions
and don’t do an outstanding job.”
Mr. Schwartz, 72, whose group man-
ages $11 billion, said he did not take the
transition for granted. Mr. Glicken-
haus’s clients are free to go elsewhere.
But he said he and his team would be
working hard over the next 90 days to
meet with them and explain why they
should move their accounts to Neuberg-
er Berman. “One of the challenges is to under-
stand the mentality of an investor who
entrusts a majority,if not all,of their in-
vested assets with one person to man-
age over a long period of time,” Mr.
Schwartz said. “I think it’s important to
recognize that the new manager doesn’t
have an attitude of coming in with a
strong broom and instituting major
change. Change should be instituted
slowly, to the extent that there is
That this transition of client accounts
between firms is amicable is not the
norm. Just ask people whose adviser
has left one firm to go another and
found themselves on the receiving end
of a flurry of sweet-talking calls from
the old and new firms. “It’s a question of growing impor-
tance because there is a lot of moving of
the deck chairs, partly in the brokerage
industry,” said Stephen Horan,head of
the private wealth practice at the CFA
Institute, an association of investment
professionals. “The situation creates a
really interesting opportunity to gauge
one of the things clients say is most im-
portant to them about their adviser,and
that’s ‘What is the commitment to eth-
Mr. Horan said that the increased
movement of advisers over the last sev-
eral years had been largely driven by
the decline in the public’s opinion of
many big Wall Street firms. Some advis-
ers have decided they could be more
successful at a boutique firm, on their
own or, at the very least, at another big
firm with a better reputation.
I decided to call three firms whose
model is based on inducing advisers to
leave established brokerage firms to
join them and ask them how they look to
smooth out transitions. All three were
started,or began to grow,after the fi-
nancial crash of 2008, and their goals
are to become large enough that clients
can get the advantages of a big broker-
age house but with a wider variety of in-
vestment choices. I wanted to know what clients could
glean from how their advisers changed
firms. Moving has become so common that
the industry has a set of guidelines
called the broker protocol that is meant
to govern the process and cut down on
the number of lawsuits between firms.
Yet the information that advisers can
take with them under the protocol
sounds more like what a prisoner of war
is compelled to reveal under the Geneva
Conventions. Brokers can take only cli-
ents’ names, addresses, phone num-
bers, e-mail addresses and the titles of
the accounts they managed. Anything
else, like financial plans or asset alloca-
tions, is prohibited. Evidently, this works. Elliot Weiss-
bluth,chief executive of HighTower, a
$25 billion advisory firmbuilt by hiring
adviser teams (35 of them, so far) from
brokerage houses. “We’re signatories of the broker pro-
tocol,” he said. “We’ve never had a sin-
gle problem with protocol-related is-
sues. We follow the rules, and to be fair,
Morgan, Merrill and UBS follow the
rules as well. At the end of the day, they
realize the broker protocol has integri-
But even if an adviser follows all the
rules in the move, that is only the first
step. The transition is a good time for
clients to ask probing questions, start-
ing with what the adviser was paid to
move. And second, clients should ask
what the new firm has that will be bet-
ter for them.
Shirl Penney,chief executive of Dy-
nasty Financial Partners, which con-
sists of 17 adviser teams that manage
$17 billion in assets, said the capabilities
of the new firm might not be as strong
as the old one, but the financial incen-
tive for the adviser might have been too
big to pass up. While there is nothing inherently
wrong with moving to another firm to
make more money —people in other in-
dustries change jobs for that reason all
the time —clients would want their ad-
visers to answer them honestly and to
evaluate that answer. In the case of an adviser who is retir-
ing, clients who have become accus-
tomed to a certain investment philoso-
phy need to ask themselves whether the
new adviser will be able to continue that
strategy. “If you’re going from someone with
very specific investment knowledge
and they’re delivering it in a precise
way, that’s very difficult to replicate,”
said Joseph Duran,chief executive and
founder of United Capital, which has $8
billion in assets. “That may be very dif-
ficult to implement in the new environ-
ment. And if the adviser isn’t staying,
you have to think about it.”
Mr. Duran said he structured United
Capital around an investment process
that was less idiosyncratic. “When ad-
visers join us, we say we want all of you
to stay for as long as you want to stay,”
he said. “But what you’re going to be
doing is less of a relationship-based
model and more of a process-based
model so someone can come in and take
over when you’re not here.”
Clients should also feel free to ask
about how their personal financial infor-
mation was used in the transition. “It’s
not an unreasonable question to ask if
your adviser has signed with a new
firm:What information have you dis-
closed about me or my account to that
new firm?” Mr. Horan said. It should
have been kept confidential.
Mr. Glickenhaus said he planned to
spend six months helping with the tran-
sition and then devote more time to his
hobbies —brain research and classical
music. “The second 100 years will be
quite different,” he said. As for the septuagenarian Mr.
Schwartz, he sounds as if he is just hit-
ting his stride. “I work 12 to 15 hours a
day every day, very often including
weekends,” he said. “As long as my
health holds out and my interest re-
mains focused, this continues to be a
very exciting business.” So much for re-
tirement planning. WEALTH MATTERS
When Advisers Change
Jobs, Ask Questions
Before Tagging Along
Marvin Schwartz, 72, a retirement money manager,in the offices of Neuberger Berman. He is buying the advisory
firmof Seth Glickenhaus, below,who is retiring at the age of 98, and hopes to win over Mr. Glickenhaus’s clients. NEUBERGER BERMAN
Bucks readers discuss their
experiences when their financial
adviser moved on — whether they
moved, too, or whether they took the
chance to rethink how their investments
were handled.
ONLINE:CLIENTS’ EXPERIENCE Bucks readers talk about how they
decided whether to have their special
needs relative live with them and their
strategies for keeping their marriage
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Gold COMX $/oz 1934.60 766.00 Dec 12 1769.70 1775.00 1753.50 1759.70 ◊ 10.90 351,114
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Composite 3044.11 ◊ 5.30 ◊ 0.17 + 16.87 + 16.85
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Insurance 4646.01 ◊ 22.56 ◊ 0.48 + 16.14 + 8.62
Other Finance 4048.16 ◊ 31.82 ◊ 0.78 + 18.69 + 17.48
Telecommunications 193.25 ◊ 0.19 ◊ 0.10 ◊ 0.11 ◊ 1.87
Computer 1609.67 + 0.76 + 0.05 + 15.76 + 16.75
Industrials 13328.85 + 2.46 + 0.02 + 15.71 + 9.10
Transportation 5044.63 + 44.17 + 0.88 + 9.23 + 0.50
Utilities 475.48 ◊ 3.09 ◊ 0.65 + 9.30 + 2.32
Composite 4457.86 + 5.29 + 0.12 + 12.64 + 5.33
100 Stocks 656.89 ◊ 1.39 ◊ 0.21 + 20.17 + 15.08
500 Stocks 1428.59 ◊ 4.25 ◊ 0.30 + 18.33 + 13.60
Mid-Cap 400 975.61 ◊ 7.20 ◊ 0.73 + 16.16 + 10.97
Small-Cap 600 458.26 ◊ 3.94 ◊ 0.85 + 18.49 + 10.41
+ 5%
– 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
+ 5%
– 5%
Nasdaq Composite
+ 5%
– 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3,044.11 –5.30
1.66% –0.01
$92.28 –$0.22
$1,758.00 –$10.80
$1.2955 +$0.0028
13,328.85 +2.46
1,428.59 –4.25
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
NYSE Comp. 8227.08 ◊ 29.51 ◊ 0.36 + 13.26 + 10.03
Tech/Media/Telecom 6072.06 + 4.60 + 0.08 + 10.42 + 10.70
Energy 12713.17 ◊ 55.95 ◊ 0.44 + 9.93 + 2.45
Financial 4806.24 ◊ 43.73 ◊ 0.90 + 17.76 + 18.30
Healthcare 7913.87 ◊ 1.31 ◊ 0.02 + 18.45 + 12.32
American Exch 2425.97 ◊ 5.63 ◊ 0.23 + 13.41 + 6.48
Wilshire 5000 14917.94 ◊ 52.72 ◊ 0.35 + 17.89 + 13.10
Value Line Arith 3028.24 ◊ 18.43 ◊ 0.60 + 16.90 + 12.34
Russell 2000 823.09 ◊ 6.69 ◊ 0.81 + 17.52 + 11.09
Phila Gold & Silver 184.90 ◊ 3.40 ◊ 1.81 ◊ 5.29 + 2.36
Phila Semiconductor 366.71 ◊ 1.95 ◊ 0.53 ◊ 0.67 + 0.62
KBW Bank 50.01 ◊ 1.26 ◊ 2.46 + 28.46 + 26.99
Phila Oil Service 221.45 ◊ 0.63 ◊ 0.28 + 6.04 + 2.39
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.80 3.49
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.32 4.16
30-yr fixed 3.39 4.19
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.00 4.88
5/1 adj. rate 2.98 3.07
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.77 3.21
1-year adj. rate 4.85 2.95
$75K line good credit* 4.22 4.31% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.21 4.23
$75K loan good credit* 5.22 5.61
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.15 5.43
Home Equity
36-mo. used car 4.29 4.42% %
60-mo. new car 3.83 4.33
uto Loan Rates
Money-market 0.50 0.54% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.52 0.63
6-month CD 0.47 0.51
1-year CD 0.72 0.78
2-year CD 0.85 0.90
5-year IRA CD 1.42 1.74
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
Months Years
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
ield Curve
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5317 3773 1384 160
Advances 2998 2247 687 64
Declines 2092 1429 572 91
Unchanged 138 46 87 5
52 Week High 610 481 124 5
52 Week Low 52 26 25 1
Dollar Volume * 17,902 11,899 5,304 698
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Gmac (Ally3675571) 2.200 Dec ‘12 Aaa Aaa 100.354 100.349 100.354 0.005 0.142
Morgan Stanley (Ms.Mhu) 5.500 Jul ‘21 Baa1 A 113.054 109.000 111.183 1.277 3.978
Amgen (Amgn.Hg) 5.150 Nov ‘41 Baa1 Bbb 114.209 113.082 113.545 –0.341 4.320
Jpmorgan Chase & Co (Jpm) 3.250 Sep ‘22 A2 104.280 102.731 102.783 0.568 2.925
Goldman Sachs Group (Gs.Aeh) 5.750 Jan ‘22 A3 A 118.300 116.156 116.723 –0.110 3.610
Morgan Stanley For Future Equity (Ms.Hku) 5.625 Sep ‘19 Baa1 A 112.500 109.423 110.729 –0.047 3.847
Petrobras Intl Fin Co (Pbr.Ab) 5.375 Jan ‘21 A3 Bbb 116.777 114.125 114.625 0.045 3.338
U S Central Federal Credit Union Ncua (Ucfe) 1.900 Oct ‘12 Aaa 100.009 100.009 100.009 –0.029 0.277
JPMorgan Chase & Co (Jpm) 2.000 Aug ‘17 A2 A+ 102.793 101.575 101.851 0.452 1.600
Bancolombia S A (Cib) 5.125 Sep ‘22 Baa3 Bbb– 105.375 101.300 102.000 –1.150 4.867
HCA (Hca.Hi) 6.250 Feb ‘13 B3 B+ 101.712 101.567 101.580 –0.145 1.432
Clear Channel Communications (Ccmo) 9.000 Mar ‘21 Caa1 Ccc 92.000 90.250 90.750 1.000 10.696
Sprint Cap (S.Gj) 6.875 Nov ‘28 B3 B+ 104.000 93.875 101.750 0.250 6.695
Sprint Cap (S.Hk) 8.750 Mar ‘32 B3 B+ 117.362 110.403 114.250 –0.250 7.358
Edison Mission Energy (Eix.Ij) 7.625 May ‘27 Ca C 47.500 45.000 47.500 1.500 17.826
Momentive Performance Matls (Mpm) 9.000 Jan ‘21 Caa1 76.750 75.000 76.000 –1.000 13.988
Int’l Lease Fin (Aig.Icg) 5.750 May ‘16 Ba3 Bb 108.000 106.125 106.180 0.163 3.882
Radian Group (Rdn.Aa) 5.625 Feb ‘13 Caa2 Nr 99.250 99.250 99.250 1.750 N.A.
Texas Competitive Electric Holdings (Txu.Li) 10.250 Nov ‘15 Ca C 26.310 22.150 25.741 –0.009 75.764
CLEAR CHANNEL COMMUNICATIONS (CCMO) 11.000 Aug ‘16 Ca CC 79.500 70.713 77.438 2.875 n.a.
Annaly Cap Mgmt (Nly.Aa) 4.000 Feb ‘15 N.A. 124.839 123.449 124.839 0.589 –5.808
Gilead Sciences (Gild.Gm) 1.000 May ‘14 N.A. 154.403 153.800 153.800 –0.368 –25.348
James Riv Coal Co (Jrcc3837858) 3.125 Mar ‘18 N.A. 35.000 34.000 35.000 2.000 26.307
Linear Technology (Lltc.Gc) 3.000 May ‘27 N.A. N.A. 103.670 103.000 103.000 –0.875 1.030
Teva Pharmaceutical Fin Co Llc (Teva.Gj) 0.250 Feb ‘26 A3 N.A. 105.683 104.987 105.350 0.600 –0.148
Fidelity Natl Finl New (Fnf) 4.250 Aug ‘18 N.A. Bb+ 124.674 123.875 124.299 1.799 0.071
Amgen (Amgn.Gn) 0.375 Feb ‘13 Baa1 Bbb 111.770 109.875 110.875 –0.220 –33.590
UAL (Ual.Ir) 6.000 Oct ‘29 N.A. Ccc 241.710 239.474 239.506 –12.801 –35.770
Newmont Mng (Nem.Go) 1.250 Jul ‘14 N.A. 133.125 132.000 132.000 –0.750 –14.248
Nortel Networks New (Nt.Gr) 2.125 Apr ‘14 Wr N.A. 100.125 100.000 100.000 0.000 N.A.
high yield +6.66%
invest. grade +3.14%
+ 5
52-week Total Returns
high yield +16.19%
invest. grade +11.52%
Source: Bloomberg
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
ug. ’12 %+6.5
July ’12 +9.3
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
ug. ’12 %+3.7
July ’12 +4.1
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
ug. ’12 –44.2
July ’12 –42.5
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
ug. ’12 6.1
July ’12 6.4
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
Sept. ’12 51.5
Aug. ’12 49.6
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
Jan 13 ◊ ◊ 0.10 0.10 ◊ 0.10
Apr 13 ◊ ◊ 0.15 0.15 +0.00 0.15
Apr 17 [ 107-26 107-29 –0-02 -1.54
Jul 22 [ 109-15 109-20 +0-03 -0.81
Jan 29 2ø 143-20 143-30 +0-04 -0.15
Feb 42 } 109-32 110-15 +0-00 0.39
Sep 14 ü ◊ 99.98 99.98 ◊ 0.26
Sep 17 | ◊ 99.83 99.84 ◊ 0.66
Aug 22 1| ◊ 99.72 99.73 +0.09 1.66
Aug 42 2} ◊ 98.38 98.41 +0.31 2.83
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
Bank of Am (BAC) 9.12 ◊0.22 ◊2.4 1572468
Sprint Nex (S) 5.73 ◊0.03 ◊0.5 1332763
Clearwire (CLWR) 2.32 +0.10 +4.5 1103298
Advanced M (AMD) 2.74 ◊0.46 ◊14.4 836668
Wells Farg (WFC) 34.25 ◊0.93 ◊2.6 608847
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.78 +0.05 +1.8 578377
Microsoft (MSFT) 29.20 +0.25 +0.9 464619
Intel Corp (INTC) 21.48 ◊0.20 ◊0.9 462720
JPMorgan C (JPM) 41.62 ◊0.48 ◊1.1 442373
Citigroup (C) 34.75 ◊0.77 ◊2.2 422607
Kinder Mor (KMI) 34.50 ◊0.59 ◊1.7 407544
AT&T Inc (T) 35.63 ◊0.63 ◊1.7 369342
Alpha Natu (ANR) 7.88 ◊0.67 ◊7.8 333496
General El (GE) 22.48 ◊0.03 ◊0.1 315504
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 18.41 +0.14 +0.8 270980
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 14.41 +0.16 +1.1 253366
Ford Motor (F) 10.12 ◊0.02 ◊0.2 240702
Dell Inc (DELL) 9.69 +0.34 +3.6 238763
KeyCorp (KEY) 8.33 ◊0.30 ◊3.5 233201
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 25.12 0.00 0.0 231211
Workday In (WDAY) 48.69 +20.69 +73.9 181200
NPS Pharma (NPSP) 10.86 +1.73 +19.0 118486
Aegerion P (AEGR) 15.96 +1.98 +14.2 9930
BioFuel En (BIOF) 7.15 +0.83 +13.1 6908
Sycamore N (SCMR) 5.20 +0.53 +11.3 23198
Datawatch (DWCH) 17.70 +1.65 +10.3 327
Envestnet (ENV) 13.54 +1.16 +9.4 3531
ImmuCell C (ICCC) 5.50 +0.46 +9.1 5
S&W Seed C (SANW) 7.91 +0.61 +8.3 693
Shore Banc (SHBI) 6.50 +0.45 +7.4 28
Clearsign (CLIR) 7.93 +0.53 +7.2 370
NeoPhotoni (NPTN) 5.82 +0.36 +6.6 309
J.B. Hunt (JBHT) 58.37 +3.58 +6.5 39902
Ameriana B (ASBI) 6.65
+0.40 +6.4 14
RRsat Glob (RRST) 6.11 +0.36 +6.3 170
Parametric (PAMT) 5.59 +0.31 +5.9 787
Kingstone (KINS) 5.71 +0.31 +5.8 6
Patrick In (PATK) 18.09 +0.96 +5.6 2217
Stratasys (SSYS) 62.74 +3.25 +5.5 3404
Cyclacel P (CYCC) 5.47 +0.27 +5.2 1341
Travelzoo (TZOO) 20.02 ◊3.48 ◊14.8 8220
Overseas S (OSG) 5.08 ◊0.80 ◊13.6 20808
Sarepta Th (SRPT) 27.11 ◊3.62 ◊11.8 35822
Xenoport I (XNPT) 10.65 ◊1.26 ◊10.6 6977
USMD Holdi (USMD) 16.26 ◊1.74 ◊9.7 2
TMS Intern (TMS) 9.92 ◊0.92 ◊8.5 359
Bank of So (BKSC) 11.00 ◊1.00 ◊8.3 14
Exact Scie (EXAS) 10.65 ◊0.95 ◊8.2 15209
LSB Indust (LXU) 39.91 ◊3.48 ◊8.0 3721
Alpha Natu (ANR) 7.88 ◊0.67 ◊7.8 333496
Stillwater (SWC) 10.22 ◊0.80 ◊7.3 137480
Emclaire F (EMCF) 22.20 ◊1.70 ◊7.1 9
Xenith Ban (XBKS) 5.10 ◊0.38 ◊6.9 97
Aveo Pharm (AVEO) 7.98 ◊0.58 ◊6.8 4411
Hydrogenic (HYGS) 6.02 ◊0.43 ◊6.6 62
Liquidity (LQDT) 40.76 ◊2.85 ◊6.5 26160
MAKO Surgi (MAKO) 14.95 ◊1.04 ◊6.5 17846
Jive Softw (JIVE) 13.17 ◊0.91 ◊6.5 17291
Texas Capi (TCBI) 47.24 ◊3.22 ◊6.4 19723
NB&T Finan (NBTF) 17.00 ◊1.15 ◊6.3 76
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
Norway (Krone) .1752 5.7093
Poland (Zloty) .3166 3.1588
Russia (Ruble) .0322 31.0950
Sweden (Krona) .1495 6.6887
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0715 .9333
Turkey (Lira) .5540 1.8049
Argentina (Peso) .2123 4.7100
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4893 2.0436
Canada (Dollar) 1.0203 .9801
Chile (Peso) .0021 471.90
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1797.3
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0255 39.2100
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1253 7.9810
Honduras (Lempira) .0508 19.7000
Mexico (Peso) .0777 12.8710
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0419 23.8696
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4450.0
Peru (New Sol) .3870 2.5840
Uruguay (New Peso) .0496 20.1500
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6526 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1640 6.0970
Iran (Rial) .0001 12240
Israel (Shekel) .2614 3.8250
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4144 .7070
Kenya (Shilling) .0118 85.1000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5615 .2808
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.55 121.90 Dec 12 125.93 126.18 125.35 125.50 ◊ 0.42 127,448
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 86.00 70.05 Dec 12 77.70 78.48 77.40 78.38 + 0.88 102,801
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2341.00 2379.00 2338.00 2366.00 + 15.00 89,173
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 161.10 163.10 159.70 161.70 + 0.95 77,824
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 25.39 14.70 Feb 13 20.50 20.59 19.85 20.05 ◊ 0.40 371,797
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 772.00 772.75 749.50 752.75 ◊ 20.50 597,208
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1789.00 914.00 Nov 12 1548.00 1553.50 1510.00 1522.50 ◊ 26.00 215,819
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 886.25 886.50 853.25 856.75 ◊ 29.25 248,767
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 143.13 59.00 Nov 12 92.84 93.06 91.58 92.28 ◊ 0.22 293,607
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.35 2.33 Oct 12 3.26 3.27 3.21 3.22 ◊ 0.03 80,759
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 11.40 3.06 Dec 12 4.04 4.04 3.95 4.00 ◊ 0.04 248,584
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.85 euros
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7718
Crude Oil
$92.28 a barrel
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.47
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7501
So. Africa (Rand) .1152 8.6815
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6729
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
or ·
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 75.49 95.46 92.75 ◊ 0.08 + 18.36 + 13.5
Abbott Lab (ABT) 51.53 71.91 69.28 ◊ 0.14 + 32.39 + 23.2
Accenture (ACN) 51.08 71.79 69.42 0.00 + 20.90 + 30.4
Allstate C (ALL) 24.10 41.55 40.61 ◊ 0.21 + 61.54 + 48.2
Altria Gro (MO) 26.80 36.29 33.12 + 0.41 + 19.27 + 11.7
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 264.11 242.36 ◊ 1.86 + 2.34 + 40.0
American E (AEP) 36.97 44.84 44.12 ◊ 0.12 + 15.47 + 6.8
American E (AXP) 44.69 61.42 57.89 ◊ 0.58 + 23.09 + 22.7
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 54.59 87.45 84.00 ◊ 0.61 + 48.31 + 30.8
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 69.18 + 0.21 + 2.78 ◊ 9.4
Apache Cor (APA) 77.93 112.09 85.33 ◊ 0.64 ◊ 2.96 ◊ 5.8
Apple Inc (AAPL) 363.32 705.07 629.71 + 1.61 + 56.57 + 55.5
AT&T Inc (T) 27.41 38.58 35.63 ◊ 0.63 + 22.90 + 17.8
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 44.77 + 0.12 ◊ 16.29 ◊ 8.0
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 9.12 ◊ 0.22 + 38.60 + 64.0
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.67 24.95 22.84 ◊ 0.55 + 18.16 + 14.7
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 61.98 60.69 ◊ 0.27 + 11.56 + 22.7
Berkshire (BRKb) 72.55 90.76 88.25 ◊ 0.46 + 18.12 + 15.7
Boeing Co (BA) 61.33 77.83 71.85 + 1.02 + 11.71 ◊ 2.0
Bristol-My (BMY) 30.10 36.34 33.09 + 0.14 + 0.82 ◊ 6.1
Capital On (COF) 39.14 60.05 58.21 ◊ 0.68 + 34.00 + 37.6
Caterpilla (CAT) 78.25 116.95 82.82 ◊ 0.03 + 1.37 ◊ 8.6
Chevron Co (CVX) 92.29 118.53 112.07 ◊ 0.99 + 14.61 + 5.3
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.96 21.30 18.40 + 0.14 + 6.70 + 1.8
Citigroup (C) 23.30 38.40 34.75 ◊ 0.77 + 19.01 + 32.1
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 32.37 40.66 38.23 + 0.12 + 13.31 + 9.3
Colgate-Pa (CL) 86.19 109.84 107.89 ◊ 0.14 + 18.27 + 16.8
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 20.90 36.98 35.78 + 0.65 + 51.61 + 50.9
ConocoPhil (COP) 50.41 59.68 56.17 ◊ 0.46 + 8.60 + 1.1
”Costco Who (COST) 78.81 104.43 97.55 ◊ 0.78 + 19.81 + 17.1
CVS Carema (CVS) 34.28 49.23 47.08 ◊ 0.52 + 35.79 + 15.4
”Dell Inc (DELL) 9.33 18.36 9.69 + 0.34 ◊ 40.33 ◊ 33.8
Devon Ener (DVN) 54.01 76.34 61.36 ◊ 0.25 + 1.89 ◊ 1.0
Dow Chemic (DOW) 24.42 36.08 28.08 ◊ 0.14 + 2.89 ◊ 2.4
E. I. du P (DD) 43.06 53.98 48.69 ◊ 0.09 + 10.71 + 6.4
eBay Inc (EBAY) 28.15 50.64 47.85 + 0.36 + 46.11 + 57.8
Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.46 53.55 50.45 ◊ 0.15 + 34.14 + 21.4
EMC Corp (EMC) 21.25 30.00 25.64 ◊ 0.04 + 12.21 + 19.0
Emerson El (EMR) 43.58 53.78 48.35 + 0.03 + 3.91 + 3.8
Exelon Cor (EXC) 34.54 45.45 36.11 ◊ 0.38 ◊ 15.33 ◊ 16.7
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 73.90 93.36 91.03 ◊ 0.14 + 17.98 + 7.4
FedEx Corp (FDX) 73.47 97.19 90.40 + 0.40 + 20.24 + 8.3
Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.12 ◊ 0.02 ◊ 11.07 ◊ 5.9
”Freeport-M (FCX) 31.08 48.96 40.14 ◊ 0.61 + 11.84 + 9.1
General Dy (GD) 60.35 74.54 66.10 + 0.51 + 5.73 ◊ 0.5
General El (GE) 14.68 23.18 22.48 ◊ 0.03 + 37.07 + 25.5
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 70.39 67.94 + 0.07 + 68.63 + 66.0
Goldman Sa (GS) 86.90 128.72 120.20 ◊ 1.79 + 21.28 + 32.9
Google Inc (GOOG) 556.52 774.38 744.75 ◊ 6.73 + 35.78 + 15.3
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 49.75 58.31 56.34 ◊ 0.27 + 10.25 + 4.3
Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 40.43 33.80 ◊ 0.17 ◊ 3.62 ◊ 2.1
”Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 14.02 30.00 14.41 + 0.16 ◊ 44.30 ◊ 44.1
Home Depot (HD) 34.43 63.20 59.56 + 0.55 + 71.54 + 41.7
Honeywell (HON) 46.91 62.00 60.20 ◊ 0.09 + 24.15 + 10.8
Intel Corp (INTC) 21.40 29.27 21.48 ◊ 0.20 ◊ 7.09 ◊ 11.4
Internatio (IBM) 176.17 211.79 207.80 + 2.04 + 11.65 + 13.0
Johnson & (JNJ) 61.05 69.75 67.97 0.00 + 5.66 + 3.6
”JPMorgan C (JPM) 28.28 46.49 41.62 ◊ 0.48 + 25.36 + 25.2
Lockheed M (LMT) 72.37 94.90 92.96
+ 0.24 + 22.11 + 14.9
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 20.34 32.29 31.18 + 0.41 + 51.21 + 22.9
MasterCard (MA) 322.49 483.00 473.36 + 0.79 + 44.32 + 27.0
McDonald’s (MCD) 85.92 102.22 92.51 + 0.15 + 4.70 ◊ 7.8
Medtronic (MDT) 32.26 44.79 43.05 + 0.23 + 30.89 + 12.5
Merck & Co (MRK) 32.19 46.54 45.62 + 0.17 + 40.07 + 21.0
Metlife In (MET) 27.60 39.55 35.00 ◊ 0.36 + 10.24 + 12.3
Microsoft (MSFT) 24.30 32.95 29.20 + 0.25 + 8.31 + 12.5
Mondelez I (MDLZ) 22.31 28.48 27.22 ◊ 0.02 + 20.24 + 11.4
Monsanto C (MON) 67.09 92.20 88.57 + 0.08 + 20.27 + 26.4
”Morgan Sta (MS) 12.26 21.19 17.31 ◊ 0.55 + 9.28 + 14.4
National O (NOV) 59.07 89.95 78.22 ◊ 0.75 + 24.46 + 15.0
News Corp (NWSA) 15.93 25.45 24.11 ◊ 0.10 + 41.08 + 35.1
Nike Inc (NKE) 85.10 114.81 94.42 ◊ 0.48 + 2.87 ◊ 2.0
Norfolk So (NSC) 62.82 78.50 67.28 + 1.32 ◊ 0.24 ◊ 7.7
Occidental (OXY) 76.59 106.68 81.93 ◊ 0.69 + 1.14 ◊ 12.6
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 31.00 + 0.28 ◊ 0.35 + 20.9
PepsiCo In (PEP) 61.50 73.66 70.05 + 0.23 + 11.72 + 5.6
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 18.15 25.59 25.12 0.00 + 33.48 + 16.1
Philip Mor (PM) 65.36 94.13 91.70 + 0.86 + 38.29 + 16.8
Procter & (PG) 59.07 69.97 67.94 ◊ 0.06 + 4.70 + 1.8
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 49.78 68.87 58.89 ◊ 0.32 + 13.16 + 7.7
Raytheon C (RTN) 41.77 58.68 54.88 0.00 + 28.77 + 13.4
Schlumberg (SLB) 59.12 80.78 72.19 ◊ 0.23 + 7.25 + 5.7
Simon Prop (SPG) 112.76 164.17 152.39 ◊ 0.66 + 32.25 + 18.2
Southern C (SO) 42.11 48.59 45.61 ◊ 0.11 + 6.79 ◊ 1.5
”Starbucks (SBUX) 40.55 62.00 47.18 + 0.02 + 13.66 + 2.5
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 65.80 61.52 + 0.27 + 16.63 + 20.1
Texas Inst (TXN) 26.06 34.24 27.28 ◊ 0.02 ◊ 8.15 ◊ 6.3
Time Warne (TWX) 32.09 46.59 45.06 + 0.05 + 36.92 + 24.7
U.S. Banco (USB) 23.54 35.46 33.72 ◊ 0.67 + 36.24 + 24.7
Union Paci (UNP) 88.83 129.27 121.05 + 0.13 + 31.88 + 14.3
United Par (UPS) 66.46 81.79 72.11 ◊ 0.19 + 5.18 ◊ 1.5
United Tec (UTX) 70.41 87.50 75.96 ◊ 0.09 + 2.32 + 3.9
UnitedHeal (UNH) 42.86 60.75 57.07 ◊ 0.59 + 23.05 + 12.6
Verizon Co (VZ) 35.32 48.77 44.62 ◊ 0.58 + 21.68 + 11.2
Visa Inc (V) 88.78 141.59 139.12 + 0.07 + 52.59 + 37.0
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 54.48 76.81 75.81 + 0.80 + 37.34 + 26.9
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.34 35.94 ◊ 0.16 + 8.42 + 8.7
Walt Disne (DIS) 33.14 53.40 50.59 + 0.25 + 49.85 + 34.9
”Wells Farg (WFC) 23.19 36.60 34.25 ◊ 0.93 + 27.09 + 24.3
Williams C (WMB) 22.00 37.56 35.14 ◊ 0.50 + 60.99 + 30.3
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes:
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
+10.0 +13.4 +0.8 388 388 370 PIMCO Commodity Real Ret Strat Instl (PCRIX) BB +10.8 +9.0 +2.2 0.74 15,300
Vanguard Health Care Adm (VGHAX) SH +15.9 +20.9 +5.5 0.30 14,934
Vanguard Energy Adm (VGELX) EE +3.7 +9.7 ◊1.1 0.24 6,675
Vanguard REIT Index Adm (VGSLX) SR +14.4 +28.3 +1.8 0.10 6,675
PIMCO Emerging Markets Currency Instl (PLMIX) CR +7.3 +3.6 +3.1 0.85 6,627
T. Rowe Price Health Sciences (PRHSX) SH +33.7 +41.0 +10.3 0.80 5,083
Cohen & Steers Realty Shares (CSRSX) SR +12.5 +25.2 +1.5 1.01 4,937
Merger (MERFX) NE +2.4 +4.5 +1.8 1.29 4,809
T. Rowe Price New Era (PRNEX) SN +4.4 +5.5 ◊4.2 0.68 4,525
Absolute Strategies I (ASFIX) GY +1.8 +2.1 +2.1 1.73 4,218
Hussman Strategic Growth (HSGFX) LO ◊11.7 ◊13.7 ◊3.8 1.05 3,929
DFA Real Estate Securities I (DFREX) SR +14.2 +27.9 +1.1 0.27 3,720
Fidelity Real Estate Investment (FRESX) SR +15.0 +29.8 +1.6 0.84 3,715
Fidelity Select Gold (FSAGX) SP ◊1.2 ◊11.3 +3.7 0.89 3,579
Vanguard Precious Metals and Mining Inv (VGPMX) SP ◊6.9 ◊17.1 ◊5.3 0.27 3,488
T. Rowe Price Real Estate (TRREX) SR +14.7 +27.2 +0.9 0.79 3,467
Franklin Utilities A (FKUTX) SU +7.8 +16.3 +3.7 0.74 3,076
Nuveen Real Estate Secs I (FARCX) SR +15.0 +28.6 +3.1 1.02 3,074
MFS Utilities A (MMUFX) SU +12.1 +16.8 +2.6 1.02 2,664
Fidelity Select Biotechnology (FBIOX) SH +39.9 +54.8 +10.6 0.83 2,661
Columbia Seligman Comms & Info A (SLMCX) ST +4.1 +4.3 +1.9 1.34 2,592
Fidelity Select Health Care (FSPHX) SH +23.2 +31.8 +6.4 0.80 2,549
Prudential Jennison Utility A (PRUAX) SU +12.3 +21.2 ◊1.4 0.89 2,514
Fidelity Select Biotechnology (FBIOX) SH +39.9 +54.8 +10.6 0.83 2,661
Fidelity Advisor Biotechnology A (FBTAX) SH +40.2 +54.5 +10.3 1.27 79
Rydex Biotechnology Inv (RYOIX) SH +40.3 +49.0 +11.2 1.36 164
Fidelity Select Construction & Housing (FSHOX) MR +27.1 +46.8 +4.6 0.96 308
Franklin Biotechnology Discovery A (FBDIX) SH +35.1 +46.2 +8.5 1.26 504
PIMCO Real Estate Real Return Strategy I (PRRSX) SR +24.9 +45.2 +9.5 0.74 1,337
Prudential Jennison Health Sciences Z (PHSZX) SH +30.3 +41.5 +10.1 0.91 359
VALIC Company I Health Sciences (VCHSX) SH +33.6 +41.0 +9.6 1.16 318
T. Rowe Price Health Sciences (PRHSX) SH +33.7 +41.0 +10.3 0.80 5,083
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Comstock Capital Value A (DRCVX) BM ◊18.3 ◊22.3 ◊6.8 1.64 92
Rydex Inverse S&P 500 Strategy Inv (RYURX) BM ◊15.2 ◊20.4 ◊6.7 1.41 138
Federated Prudent Bear C (PBRCX) BM ◊14.6 ◊20.0 ◊5.4 2.49 111
ProFunds Rising Rates Opp Inv (RRPIX) ND ◊8.5 ◊18.1 ◊18.3 1.74 121
Vanguard Precious Metals and Mining Inv (VGPMX) SP ◊6.9 ◊17.1 ◊5.3 0.27 3,488
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USAA Precious Metals and Minerals (USAGX) SP ◊0.1 ◊13.4 +6.2 1.17 1,903
Franklin Gold and Precious Metals C (FRGOX) SP ◊3.8 ◊12.9 +3.4 1.71 425
U.S. Global Investors Wld Prec Minerals (UNWPX) SP ◊2.7 ◊11.7 ◊3.4 1.38 393
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source:
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: 13-Managed Futures. AA
-Commodities Agriculture. BB
-Commodities Broad Basket. BM
-Bear Market. CD
-Consumer Cyclical. CC
-Consumer Defensive. CE
Commodities Energy. CM
-Commodities Miscellaneous. CP
-Commodities Precious Metals. CR
-Currency. EE
-Industrials. GY
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-Trading-Miscellaneous. LC
-Trading-Leveraged Commodities. LE
Trading-Leveraged Equity. LO
-Long-Short. MR
-Miscellaneous Sector. ND
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-Market Neutral. SC
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-Health. SN
-Natural Resources. SP
-Equity Precious Metals. SR
-Real Estate. ST
-Technology. SU
-Utilities. VD
-Trading-Leveraged Debt. VO
-Volatility. NA
-Not Available. YTD
Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
The waitress at the Brazier
Burger drive-in in Savannah
got it right, sort of, when she
decided that Edgar Oliver
and his sister must be from
Transylvania. Mr. Oliver was
a little boy, and
had rarely ven-
tured far from
his Georgia
home, when that
assessment was
made. But if he
talked anything like the way
he does today, it was a logical
Mr. Oliver, now in his 50s,
has developed a cult follow-
ing as a spell-casting racon-
teur who sounds as if he
learned to speak in the crypt
of a Hammer horror movie.
His vowels stretch into gap-
ing, quavering chasms, and
practically every time he pro-
nounces the letter R,it seems
to throw up a thicket of mid-
night darkness. This means
that it’s hard not to get the
shivers when he uses words
like “excruciating,” “mortify-
ing,” “scorpion,” “lurk” and
even “artist.” Now imagine the effect a
child with that voice would
have had on the native Geor-
gians of the 1960s — especial-
ly a child who considered
himself an artist (sorry,
“ahRRtist”). Small wonder
that Mr. Oliver; his sister,
Helen;and Louise, the pos-
sessive and obsessive mother
who shaped their world, tend-
ed to keep to themselves. You
might say they lived in their
own private Transylvania, a
place that has nothing to do At Home
In a House
Of Horrors
Continued on Page 5
Helen & Edgar
Theater 80
WALTHAM, Mass. — It’s
been a tough few years for art
at Brandeis University. Its
Rose museum has been
struggling to recover from a
near-death experience since
it tried to sell its distin-
guished collection in 2009 to
fill a financial hole punched
by the recession and the Ber-
nard Madoff scandal.
But if the Rose Art Mu-
seum nearly fell off the map,
it has now taken a step meant
to make the art world take no-
tice. Its first exhibition since
2008 from outside the mu-
seum’s collection has now
opened, featuring an artist
from Jerusalem whose work
is critical of Israel.
The artist, Dor Guez, 30, is
the son of a Palestinian Chris-
tian and a Tunisian-born Jew,
and his polemical work large-
ly centers on narrating the
experiences of the Arab citi-
zens of Israel. In an interview
last fall, he said his work
sought to “deconstruct the Zi-
onist master plan.” At the Istanbul Biennial
last year he presented “Sca-
nograms #2, September
2011,” an installation that
challenged Israel to support
the Palestinian bid for state-
hood at the United Nations.
Presenting Palestinian pass-
ports from before 1948,ac-
At Brandeis
Continued on Page 4
LONDON — Soon after the
Frieze art fair opened its doors on
Wednesday morning to those who
are solemnly known as “serious
collectors,” a man stood in the
White Cube booth contemplating
Damien Hirst’s silver and black
“Destruction Dreamscape.” After a
few moments he turned to his
smartly garbed companion. She
looked at him expectantly. “Shiny,” he said.
He probably wasn’t the buyer
who snapped up “Destruction
Dreamscape” for $800,000, but his
comment nicely summed up the
glamour of the theatrical art world
circus that is Frieze. There is much
that is shiny — people, money and
splashy art — at this annual con-
temporary-art fair in Regent’s
Park, which has been a nonnegotia-
ble must-do, must-see for art world
insiders since it opened in 2003. But
a decade on, it still seems to have a
coolness cachet that is all its own.
“Frieze has a distinct point of
view,” Thelma Golden, the director
of the Studio Museum in Harlem,
said on Wednesday. “You get a lot
of information here, a real connec-
tion to what artists are doing,
what’s out there.”
But the big news at Frieze this
year wasn’t really any particular
artist, notable trend or spectacular
sale, although business was brisk
on the first day, with Paul McCar-
thy’s enormous Kleenex-pink
“White Snow Head” selling for
$1.3 million within 10 minutes of the
opening. Instead the buzz was all
about the previous day’s opening of
Frieze Masters, a separate show
across the park, exhibiting work
made before 2000.
It’s a clever expansion of the
Frieze brand by the fair’s founders
and directors, Matthew Slotover
Art fairgoers at Frieze London,
which runs through Sunday,
and a work by Georg Baselitz.
A Sibling for a Shiny Art Show in London
Continued on Page 8
“I’ve come home at last!”
Those words sung by Barbra Streisand from the
“Sunset Boulevard” showstopper “As If We Never Said
Goodbye” elicited a roar of welcome fromthe
sold-out crowd at the Barclays Center in
Brooklyn on Thursday evening. Ms. Streisand’s return to her roots for two
concerts (the second is on Saturday night)
was a sentimental homecoming and a royal
act of noblesse oblige in which a showbusi-
ness monarch regaled the adoring subjects of her native
province in a concert that was steeped in Brooklyn lore.
With lyrics revised to mention “Brooklyn docks and
nova lox” and “knishes,” the song conveyed a message
that was reiterated again and again: deep inside, I’m
just a commoner like you. As she bonded with her flock,
her Brooklyn accent seemed more pronounced than
Ms. Streisand is 70,and her voice is still singularly
compelling, although not in prime condition. As it has
lowered and acquired an occasionally husky edge, her
high notes have disappeared. Even the upper register of
“People” challenged her. The days are long gone when
Ms. Streisand projected the fearless bravado of a vocal
prodigy skipping along a tightrope. The Streisand of
2012 is a vulnerable if imperial semi-operatic diva who
carefully conserves her power. In spirit, the concert, during which she was supported
by a 60-member-plus orchestra conducted by Bill Ross,
was a family and neighborhood affair that included a
short film, shot some years ago, in which assorted
Brooklynites who knew Ms. Streisand back when remi-
Barbra Streisand
worked in many a Brooklyn reference in
a sold-out concert at the Barclays Center in her
hometown on Thursday. Her accent was on display too.
REVIEW Continued on Page 5
A Sentimental Journey
PARIS — The musicians of the Casbah of old Algiers
were bent and broken by history.The bars and cafes
that flourished under French colonial rule were their
livelihood, so the war that brought independence in 1962
meant the end of their way of life — and of their dis-
tinctive music. The Jews among them fled to France, never to return.
Muslim residents of the Casbah,the crumbling, old, low-
er- and working-class neighborhood,were relocated by
the new Algerian government to housing developments
on the outskirts of the city.
The musicians lost contact. The Algerian version of
the popular Arabic-language music known as chaabi
was forgotten. Now, 50 years later, they are together again. On the
evening of Sept. 30, 20 of them bewitched an audience of
900 in the outdoor courtyard of the Museum of the Art
and History of Judaism in the heart of the Marais neigh-
borhood here. Cheered on by clapping and ululations, the orchestra
of Muslims and Jews called El Gusto (the Good Mood)
performed nonstop for nearly two and a half hours. “I have a new life, a rebirth!” said Mohamed Fer-
kioui, the group’s 86-year-old accordionist. “We eat to-
gether, we sleep together. We’re a family, really a fam-
ily. Ha! This is what paradise is.”
As the show drew to a close,he shed his instrument,
moved to center stage and started to dance. He rotated Algerian Songs and Friendships,Reborn
Continued on Page 8
Robert Castel, left, and Mohamed Ferkioui in
Paris,finding new life in El Gusto, their orchestra. C2
Another Musician Finds Trouble in Texas
A notorious checkpoint in West Texas — notorious, at least, to the
pop musicians and celebrities who have been stopped there in drug-
related arrests — has another notch in its belt. Authorities at the Unit-
ed States Border Patrol checkpoint near Sierra Blanca, Tex., said they
found marijuana, heroin and a loaded
gun on the tour bus of the rapper Nelly,
right,when it was stopped there on
Wednesday, The Associated Press re-
ported, the latest in a line of illustrious
arrests that have occurred at that site. In
2010 Willie Nelson was taken into custo-
dy at that checkpoint after the authori-
ties said that about six ounces of mari-
juana had been found on his bus; a local
prosecutor in Hudspeth County, Tex.,
suggested that Mr. Nelson could beat the
rap by singing “Blue Eyes Crying in the
Rain” at the courthouse,before a judge
quickly nixed that proposal, dismissing it
as a joke. The actor Armie Hammer (of
“The Social Network” and “J. Edgar”)
was arrested there on Nov. 20 of last
year; he was said to have possessed a small amount of marijuana,as
well as medicinal marijuana cookies and a brownie, and spent a day in
jail. The rapper Snoop Dogg was also snared at that crossing on a mis-
demeanor drug charge in January. And the pop star Fiona Apple was
detained there in September; when she protested the arrest at a sub-
sequent performance in Houston,a spokesman for the county sher-
iff’s department responded in a statement that she should “just shut
up and sing.” Nelly told The A.P. in a statement that the drugs and the
weapon belonged to a member of his staff. “Neither I nor anyone else
on the tour bus was aware of his decision to bring these,” he said.
Erica Hill Is Moving
To a New Job at NBC
Erica Hill, below, who was re-
moved from the weekday morn-
ing show on CBS over the sum-
mer, is going to NBC. Ms. Hill will
soon be named a co-host of the
weekend edition of “Today,” ac-
cording to people with knowledge
of the appointment, who spoke on
the condition of anonymity be-
cause they were not authorized
to talk about it. “Weekend Today”
is currently hosted by Lester
Holt on Saturday and by Mr. Holt
and Jenna Wolfe on Sunday. This
year the co-host on Saturday,
Amy Robach, took a job at ABC.
A spokeswoman for “Today”
declined to
comment, as
did a spokes-
woman for CBS
News. Ms. Hill
did not respond
to a request for
comment. Ms.
Hill joined CBS
in 2010 from
CNN, where she was a news an-
chor and correspondent for An-
derson Cooper’s nightly news-
cast. She was a co-host of “The
Early Show” and the harder-
edged morning show, “CBS This
Morning,” that replaced it. In
July CBS executives replaced
Ms. Hill with Norah O’Donnell,
the network’s chief White House
correspondent (and a former
news anchor of “Weekend To-
day”). CBS tried to find a new
role for Ms. Hill at the network,
but expected that she might look
elsewhere. Her expected hiring
by NBC was reported by The
New York Post on Friday. BRIANSTELTER
Andrea Martin
Joins ‘Pippin’ Cast
The comedian and Tony
Award-winning actress Andrea
Martin (“My Favorite Year,”
“Young Frankenstein”), below,
will return to the stage this year
as the scene-stealing grandmoth-
er Berthe in “Pippin,” the 1972
musical, which is receiving a
fresh staging at the American
Repertory Theater in Cambridge,
Mass., and being watched closely
by Broadway producers. The
theater announced full casting
for the show, which will star the
British theater actor Matthew
James Thomas, who has spent
the last two years playing Peter
Parker at some performances of
Turn Off the
Dark” on
Broadway. The cast will
also include the
ed actors Pati-
na Miller (“Sis-
ter Act”) as the Leading Player,
who narrates the show, and Ter-
rence Mann (“Les Misérables”)
as Pippin’s father, King Charles,
and Charlotte d’Amboise (“A
Chorus Line”) as the father’s
wife,Fastrada, Pippin’s cruel
stepmother. (Mr. Mann and Ms.
d’Amboise are married in real
life.) Preview performances are
set to begin on Dec. 5 at the thea-
ter in Cambridge for a run that
ends on Jan. 20. New York theater producers
consider “Pippin” a possible
transfer to Broadway, given that
it has not been performed there
since the original five-year run
ended in 1977. A spokeswoman
for the American Repertory
Theater said this week that no
commercial or other outside pro-
ducers were attached to the “Pip-
pin” production or enhancing it
with private funds in exchange
for a possible transfer.
The “Pippin” revival is a col-
laboration between Diane Paulus,
the Tony-nominated director of
“The Gershwins’ Porgy and
Bess” (which began at the same
theater last year), and the Mont-
real circus company Les 7 Doigts
de la Main (or 7 Fingers). “Pip-
pin” has music and lyrics by Ste-
phen Schwartz (“Wicked”) and a
book by Roger O. Hirson. PATRICK HEALY
Wanted: A Berth
For a Lonely Old Ship
Efforts by the South Street
Seaport Museumto return one of
its tall ships to Hamburg, Germa-
ny, where it was originally
launched, have fallen through.
Now the museum has to find
an alternative home for the
barque Peking, The Wall Street
Journal reported on Friday. Be-
cause of financial struggles that
led to its takeover by the Mu-
seum of the City of New York last
year, the museum cannot afford
to repair all 11 of its vessels.
The Museum of the City of
New York took over the belea-
guered Seaport museum last
September,using $2 million from
the Lower Manhattan Develop-
ment Corporation. The grant pro-
vides for an 18-month period dur-
ing which the City Museum can
evaluate whether it can turn
around the Seaport Museum. Susan Henshaw Jones, presi-
dent of the Seaport Museum, told
the Journal that she will hear
proposals from anyone with a
berth for the old ship, which was
built in 1911. “The ultimate alter-
native, which is to scrap her,it’s
unthinkable,” she said.
Viewers Like ‘Katie’
It has been just over a month
since the debut of Katie Couric’s
syndicated talk show, “Katie,”
which garnered impressive early
returns in overnight television
ratings, and the numbers from
the first three weeks are equally
encouraging. Based on the na-
tional Nielsen ratings for the
week of Sept. 24, the show aver-
aged 2.3 million total viewers,
down slightly from the 2.5 million
who tuned in during the opening
week. In other words, 92 percent
of the audience that originally
sampled the show to see how Ms.
Couric, right,
would handle
the daytime cir-
cuit stayed put. “Katie” was
the No. 1 pro-
gram in total
viewers among
all freshman
and sophomore
syndicated talk shows — which
include “Steve Harvey” and “An-
derson Live!” — for the third
straight week, although it still
lagged behind the stalwarts “Dr.
Phil” and “Dr. Oz.” And in its tar-
get audience, women between 25
and 54, “Katie” remained No. 1
among those shows.
Over in prime time, the lack-
luster performance of some new
fall shows has meant that it was
not a question of whether they
would face cancellation, but
when. That question was an-
swered this week for “Made in
Jersey,” on CBS, after the net-
work announced that this court-
room dramedy would be pulled
right away. The show was a dis-
appointment after its first epi-
sode, on Sept. 28, tied for the low-
est-rated CBS drama premiere
ever among adults 18 to 49. Its
fortunes were not improved by
weak DVR growth. For nowCBS will fill the time
slot with repeats of “NCIS” and
“Hawaii Five-O.” Beginning on
Nov. 2, it will broadcast new epi-
sodes of the reality series “Un-
dercover Boss.” ADAMW.KEPLER
Arts, Briefly
Compiled by Dave Itzkoff
It was only a matter of time be-
fore A.R. Gurney decided to an-
swer the question “What would
Jesus do?” And of course he
would unveil his response at the
Flea Theater.
This tiny, fertile
space in TriBeCa —
where Mr. Gurney’s
“Heresy” opened on
Thursday night —
has had a long,
warm relationship with this ac-
complished and prolific play-
wright, an unlikely alliance of
avant-garde and old guard. The
Flea, overseen by Jim Simpson,
is celebrated as a platform for
transgressive theater artists like
Karen Finley and Thomas Brad-
shaw(whose “Job” is currently
also in residence there). Mr. Gur-
ney is best known as a gentle-
manly chronicler of the twilight of
the country club gentile.
But while many of the charac-
ters he has created might con-
tentedly share a dinner table (if
not a pew) with Mitt Romney, Mr.
Gurney himself leans left, at a
rakish but determined angle.
Much of what has been happen-
ing in his country, particularly in
the years since George W. Bush
was elected president, has stirred
his spleen. And for nearly a dec-
ade the Flea has allowed Mr. Gur-
ney’s spleen a stage on which to
play, pounce and politely bare its
“Heresy,” directed by Mr.
Simpson,is the latest of these ex-
ercises, and like most of its prede-
cessors (including “Screen Play”
and “Post-Mortem”),it has the
feeling of both an animated politi-
cal cartoon and a cocktail-party-
cum-pep-rally for like-minded
souls. Set in a tomorrow recogniz-
ably rooted in today, this story of
a charismatic,establishment-
threatening young man named
Chris (son to a carpenter named
Joseph and his wife,Mary) isn’t
much more than a sprightly ser-
mon to the converted. On the other hand, how many
sermons are delivered by a cast
as tasty as this one? The stylish
stage and screen veterans Reg E.
Cathey, Annette O’Toole, Steve
Mellor and (oh, my gosh) Kathy
Najimy have been brought to-
gether to deliver the gospel ac-
cording to Gurney, which they do
with both godly sincerity and dev-
ilish flair.(Ms. Najimy will leave
the cast and be succeeded by Kar-
en Ziemba,starting on Friday.)
Their presence doesn’t quite
disguise the collegiate essence,
earnest but arch, of “Heresy,”
which takes place in a federal
conference room called the Lib-
erty Lounge (rendered by Kate
Foster as a sort of cushioned,
wood-paneled bunker). It is here
that Joseph (Mr. Mellor) and
Mary (Ms. O’Toole), having
learned that their son has been
taken into protective custody by
Homeland Security, have come to
seek help from their old acquaint-
ance (and local prefect) Pontius
Pilate (Mr. Cathey). The first part of “Heresy” is
devoted to figuring out just what
it is Chris (whom we never meet)
has done to get him arrested in
the first place. Once that’s estab-
lished, the play turns into a de-
bate about what to do with this
renegade son of Joseph and
Mary. The older characters (who also
include Pontius’ wife, Phyllis,
played by Ms. Najimy) are joined
in fact-finding and argument by
Pedro (Danny Rivera), Chris’s
college roommate, and Lena (Ar-
iel Woodiwiss), Chris’s girlfriend
and a prostitute.
Then there is Mark (Tommy
Crawford), Pontius’ minute-tak-
ing orderly, who is hoping to
“find stuff in these meetings that
I can pull together into a mean-
ingful story” and likes to trans-
late conversational prose into
something more, well, King
You get the idea. Anyway, it
seems that Chris’s preachings —
widely disseminated on YouTube
— make him dangerous not only
to all established religions but
also, and especially, to big busi-
ness. For Mr. Gurney’s central
point here is that a latter-day Je-
sus would be appalled by our con-
sumerist economy.
None of this is terribly surpris-
ing. And for all its serious inten-
tions, the show’s tone might be
described, to borrow from the
play, as “silly but sweet.”
Those words are used by Phyl-
lis Pilate, commenting on Chris’s
advocacy of volleyball as a pro-
foundly religious sport. And
while Pilate’s wife gets but a sin-
gle reference in the New Testa-
ment, this newly expanded ver-
sion of her is the best reason for
nonpartisans to visit Mr. Gur-
ney’s Galilee on the Potomac.
Ms. Najimy (whom you may
remember from “The Kathy and
Mo Show” and the movie “Sister
Act”) wallows so happily and hi-
lariously in the frivolous Phyllis’s
shallows that she becomes a
walking, slurring argument for
the existence of Philistines. She
also probably comes closer than
anyone else to summing up how
we might react if faced with a
second coming: “If Chris were
here, I’d either burst into tears or
throw my drink in his face.”
Preaching and Converting Get a Young Man Into Trouble. Sound Familiar?
By A.R. Gurney; directed by Jim Simp-
son; sets by Kate Foster; lighting by Bri-
an Aldous; costumes by Claudia Brown;
sound by Jeremy S. Bloom; stage man-
ager, Michelle Kelleher. Presented by the
Flea Theater, Mr. Simpson, artistic direc-
tor; Carol Ostrow, producing director;
Beth Dembrow, managing director. At the
Flea Theater, 41 White Street, TriBeCa,
(212) 352-3101, Through No-
vember 4. Running time: 1 hour 20 min-
utes. WITH: Reg E. Cathey (Pontius), Tommy
Crawford (Mark), Steve Mellor (Joseph),
Kathy Najimy (Phyllis), Annette O’Toole
(Mary), Danny Rivera (Pedro) and Ariel
Woodiwiss (Lena). Reg E. Cathey, front,with,
from left,Tommy Crawford,
Ariel Woodiwiss, Danny
Rivera, Kathy Najimy, Annette
O’Toole and Steve Mellor.
companied by testimonies in Ara-
bic, it has yet to be shown in Is-
When Mr. Guez’s work is of-
fered in Israel,it routinely elicits
heated responses. At an exhibi-
tion last year at the Tel Aviv Mu-
seum of Art, for
example, visi-
tor comments
included “Go
back to Gaza,”
and “You’re a
terrorist.” Brandeis is
the nation’s
only nonsectar-
ian Jewish uni-
there is scant sympathy on cam-
pus for the Palestinian cause, stu-
dents say. Museum and universi-
ty officials acknowledge this, but
say that they are not afraid of
controversy, having grown ac-
customed to it during the battle
over their thwarted plan to close
the Rose.
“We know what we do now will
attract lots of attention,” said
Christopher Bedford, the new di-
rector of the museum. “We want
to capitalize on that attention.”
Gannit Ankori, a Rose curator
who is a professor of art history
at Brandeis, said Mr. Guez was
chosen for the opening exhibition
“because of the exquisite quality
of his work, and also because he’s
Still, there have been accom-
modations to campus sensitiv-
ities. Brandeis has carefully la-
beled Mr. Guez “Christian Pales-
tinian,” and has described the ex-
hibition, “100 Steps to the Medi-
terranean,” as an exploration of
“the overlooked histories of the
Christian Palestinian minority in
the Middle East.” While the artist
is indeed Christian and does tell
the stories of that minority, his
work also delves into the experi-
ence of Muslim Palestinians. Savvy students have noticed
differences between the Guez
pieces shown at Brandeis and the
more overtly political work dis-
played at his exhibitions in Israel. “I do wonder if this was in
some sense the safer route to
take,” Alia Goldfarb, a Brandeis
senior, said. Rida Abu Rass, a junior from
Jaffa,who said he was the only
Palestinian undergraduate stu-
dent at the university, agreed. “It’s convenient for Brandeis,
because the exhibition is not as
out there as it could have been,”
he said. “So it is not as hard for
public relations.” Nonetheless, “100 Steps to the
Mediterranean,” which opened
on Sept. 20 and runs through Dec.
9, is bold for Brandeis. A video playing on a large
screen spanning the back wall of
the exhibition is the show’s focal
point. A rolling image of Jaffa’s
beachfront fills the screen, while
a voice asks: “Why did the people
flee? They were afraid the Jews
would do something to them.” In another piece a college-age
relative of the artist speaks to the
camera as if it were the screen of
a confession booth. “I grew up
with all the songs that any other
girl, say Jewish, grows up with,”
she says. “Sometimes it’s really
scary to speak Arabic next to all
kinds of people, because I’m
scared they’ll literally beat me
Past efforts to encourage cam-
pus discussion of the Israeli-Pal-
estinian conflict have had little
success, and dialogue between
groups with clashing points of
view appears to be virtually non-
existent. “I’ve never had any formal in-
teraction with Students for Jus-
tice in Palestine,” said Joshua
Kaye, an organizer for the Bran-
deis Israel Political Action Com-
mittee, speaking of a campus or-
ganization that says on its Web
site that it wants “to give a voice
to those who are interested in
promoting the Palestinian per-
spective.” “They’ve never talked
with us,” he said,“and we’ve nev-
er talked with them, even social-
Noam Lekach, a junior from Is-
rael who leads Students for Jus-
tice in Palestine, agreed. “My ex-
perience in trying to bring the
Palestinian narrative to campus
is that people are really resistant
to hear about it,” he said “They ei-
ther ignore it or dismiss it as be-
ing anti-Semitic or against the ex-
istence of Israel.”
So it is perhaps surprising that
responses to Mr. Guez’s exhibi-
tion have been mild. “You would expect very nega-
tive reactions at Brandeis,” Mr.
Lekach said. “But all of the people
I have talked about it with really
enjoyed it. Maybe because the
show is not too out there, people
are willing to discuss it and take it
more seriously.”
Members of the university’s
pro-Israel camp are also visiting
the exhibition.
“I’m sure that a lot of people
might disagree with the content,
but I’m also sure that people
think it’s very thought-provok-
ing,” Mr. Kaye said. “We are still
very much figuring out how to
talk about these issues.”
Show of Palestinian Art:
Bold Move for Brandeis
From First Arts Page
Dor Guez
Images from Mr. Guez’s “100
Steps to the Mediterranean,”
about the work’s structure, which is de-
signed to frustrate. As a theater artist, Mr. Shechter bor-
rows much from cinema. “Political
Mother” has an opening title sequence,
in which a samurai stabs himself in sep-
puku, or ritual suicide. At the end the
whole show speedily reverses, as if
someone had hit a rewind button. In be-
tween there’s a profusion of jump cuts,
blackouts so frequent that you might
“Political Mother,” the first evening-
length work by the Israeli-born chor-
eographer Hofesh Shechter, arrived at
the Brooklyn Academy of Music on
Thursday laden with praise and a warn-
ing. In Britain, where Mr.
Schecter’s company is based
and where he has become a
dance world star, this 2010
dance received widespread
acclaim for its theatricality
and political commentary.
The warning had to do with the volume
of Mr. Shechter ’s score of drums and
heavy-metal guitar: loud.
The music is indeed loud, though no
louder than at your average rock con-
cert. The warning should have been
imagine the lighting as a small-lunged
singer who has to keep taking breaths. Though it seems compulsive, this jit-
tery editing is an example of Mr. Shech-
ter’s tight control over what we see. At the back of the stage, behind a
transparent wall, stands a martial row
of drummers. On a level above them is
a line of thrashing guitarists with a
screaming vocalist in the middle.
Throughout the showthe musicians ap-
pear and disappear, the screaming vo-
calist sometimes becoming a scream-
ing orator, a dictator perhaps, underlin-
ing the aesthetic similarities between
rock concerts and fascist rallies. The 12 dancers move like shell-
shocked soldiers or a cowed populace.
Their posture is slumped, their eyes
blank. The vocabulary is folk dance, a
kind of lobotomized “Fiddler on the
Roof,” but liquefied. Over and over, the
shuffling dancers snap into lines and
circles, then scatter, chopping up the
action even further with their comings
and goings. Mr. Shechter, in interviews, has sug-
gested that this signifies that we are all
really just emotionally needy beasts,
easily controlled. It’s an idea he has
often explored and one probably best
not put into words. Loops in the music
and loops in the dance suggest loops in
the artist’s vision.
Mr. Shechter may be after something
more ambiguous:the appeal and the
danger of belonging. That ambiguity is
most apparent in a motif of hands
raised overhead. Directed toward the
musicians, it reads as worship. Else-
where it’s a plea for mercy (as in a
stickup; there is a gun). When raised
hands join with the raised hands of oth-
ers, it’s a sign of solidarity or an invita-
tion for applause.
But any ambiguity is undercut by Mr.
Shechter’s penchant for high contrast:
the darkness and the bright lights, a
facile alternation between hard rock
and the soft sounds of Verdi and Bach
(interrupted, of course). The dance has
many false endings,and each is a let-
Political Mother
Maëva Berthelot, foreground, and other members of the Hofesh Shechter Company performing Mr. Shechter’s evening-length work at the Brooklyn Academy of Music on Thursday.
SEIBERT Flashing Lights and Thrashing Music in a Search for Order and Chaos
“Political Mother” continues through
Saturday at the Howard Gilman Opera
House, Brooklyn Academy of Music, 30
Lafayette Avenue, at Ashland Place,
Fort Greene; (718) 636-4100,
with the real country and everything to
do with a state of mind in which shad-
ows always threaten to claim you.
That is the geography explored in Mr.
Oliver’s utterly absorbing and unex-
pectedly moving “Helen & Edgar,” at
Theater 80 in the East Village. This spo-
ken memoir was developed through the
Moth, the storytelling project that has
attracted a devoted national audience
on radio and in live performance. At
nearly two hours, “Helen & Edgar,” di-
rected by Catherine Burns, is unusually
long for a Moth story, but there is never
any question of its not holding your at-
That’s partly because few of us can
resist a bedtime ghost story’s lulling
and unnerving cadences, which are Mr.
Oliver’s natural rhythms. But it’s also
because Mr. Oliver speaks to the Tran-
sylvanian that still lurks (or luRRRRks)
in most of us:the child who remembers
feeling like a freak in the outside world
and wondering if the only place he truly
belongs is that sweet house of horrors
called home.
Not that the details of your upbring-
ing are likely to match those of Mr. Oli-
ver’s. “Never were there three more
lost children than Mother, Helen and
me,” he says early in the show, savoring
the woeful,fairy-tale locution.
Louise, Edgar and his year-older sis-
ter, Helen, lived in an ivy-smothered Sa-
vannah house where visitors seldom
ventured,and only roaches spent much
time in the kitchen. The three human
residents shared a front bedroom, be-
cause Louise was scared to sleep alone.
Besides, she required foot massages
and the occasional Ouija board session
in the middle of the night.
Life with Mother, and according to
Mother, was pretty much all that Helen
and Edgar knew. Neither could really
remember the father who had died
years earlier — of a heart attack, Louise
told them (at least at first). As Mr. Oli-
ver puts it, “We had sprung together
out of eternity.” She also warned them to beware of all
other people, especially grown-ups.
“I’m not like a grown-up, am I?” she
would ask urgently. She performed
compulsive, repetitive rituals (involving
a yellow suitcase and a change purse)
that she called “my foolishness.” And she was known to lapse into peri-
ods of “sorrowful rage,” in which she
would curse and keen. “Keen” as a verb
is one of those words that Mr. Oliver
seems to own as completely as if he had
patented it.
Crazy mothers have been staples of
the nonfiction best-seller lists for dec-
ades. (Hello, Mary Karr.) But Mr. Oliver
remembers mama without recrimina-
tion. He instead presents a child’s-eye
view that finds enchantment in the tight
web of ritual his mother wove around
them. (“In the beautiful depths of our
indolence together” is how he begins an
account of one summer.) Of course
there came a point — and we all reach
that point growing up — when the web
began to smother Helen and Edgar, and
they plotted their escape.
I’m choosing not to provide too many
details. You need to hear and see them
as they are spun out by Mr. Oliver, who,
when he performs,seems to be all eyes
(alert, alarmed, prayerful) and hands
(fluttering, clasping, beseeching). Like
certain figures drawn by Edward
Gorey, he has the carriage of a drooping
There is something Victorian, as well
as Gothic, about his presence — and his
sentimental embrace of darkness. As
was evident in his earlier “East 10th
Street: Self Portrait With Empty
House,” staged in New York three years
ago, Mr. Oliver has made pets of the
ghosts of loneliness, fearfulness and
loss that most of us do our best to keep
at bay. By the way, projections of Louise Oli-
ver’s sketches and paintings are shown
during “Helen & Edgar,” cityscapes and
portraits drawn with the shimmering
bluntness of an eternally untutored
child. Mr. Oliver says he feels that there
is “an innocence to mother’s work that
is like a form of revelation.” Forms of
revelation obviously run in the family.
At Home in a House of Horrors
Helen & Edgar
Told by Edgar Oliver; directed by Catherine
Burns; production consultant, Anna Becker;
slides and projections by Aaron Howard; lighting
by Charlie Babbitt; produced by George Dawes
Green; associate producer, Bonnie Blue Edwards.
Presented by the Moth, Mr. Green, founder; at
Theater 80, 80 St. Marks Place, East Village; Through Oct. 27. Running
Edgar Oliver in “Helen & Edgar,”
his solo show about his childhood.
From First Arts Page
nisced. Cole Porter’s “You’re the Top”
was outfitted with new lyrics to be a cel-
ebration of all things Brooklyn.
Who knew that Jason Gould, her 45-
year-old son, was a polished crooner
who could comport himself comfortably
in an arena? His home movie of photo-
graphs of the two of them from his in-
fancy into adulthood preceded his per-
formance of “This Masquerade” (remi-
niscent of George Benson’s late-’70s re-
cording) and a touching mother-son
duet of “How Deep Is the Ocean?”
One of the evening’s most glorious
moments joined Irving Berlin’s
“What’ll I Do?” and Rodgers and Hart’s
“My Funny Valentine” in a duet by Ms.
Streisand and her special guest, the
pop-jazz trumpeter Chris Botti. His sil-
very tone and trailing phrases,com-
bined with the orchestra,infused both
songs with an aching film-noir melan-
choly. Mr. Botti was also involved in two of
the evening’s low points, an empty,py-
rotechnic showpiece for trumpet and
drums based on “When I Fall in Love”
and a soupy trumpet and violin duet
with Caroline Campbell.
Also on hand was the Italian teenage
trio Il Volo, which has been called a
cross between the Jonas Brothers and
the Three Tenors and which delivered a
polished, impassioned “O Sole Mio.” Other memorable moments were seg-
ments celebrating Ms. Streisand’s pro-
fessional relationships with Marvin
Hamlisch and Jule Styne. Her rendition
of “The Way We Were,” sung with the
original orchestration was,in a word,
exquisite. The Styne portion led off with
“Being Good Isn’t Good Enough,” from
the 1967 musical “Hallelujah, Baby!,”
which led to a fragmentary medley of
songs from “Gypsy,” delivered with an
appropriate ferocity. “Being Good Isn’t Good Enough” is
the sensational first cut on Ms. Strei-
sand’s newest album, “Release Me”
(Columbia), a collection of outtakes
from her recordings going back to the
1960s. Originally chosen to open her 1985
“Broadway Album,” it was replaced by
Stephen Sondheim’s “Putting It Togeth-
er,” in retrospect not a good choice. Another high point of “Release Me” is
the Jimmy Webb torch song “Didn’t
We,” which she also performed with in-
tense feeling. A bare voice-and-piano
version of Randy Newman’s “I Think
It’s Going to Rain Today,” recorded in
1970 with the composer at the piano,an-
ticipates the stripped-down sound of her
2009 album, “Love Is the Answer.” The most recent outtake is “If It’s
Meant to Be,” by Brian Byrne and Alan
and Marilyn Bergman,recorded for Ms.
Streisand’s last studio album, “What
Matters Most.” The Bergmans, who are
also Brooklyn-born, were exalted in a
suite whose high point was “The Way
He Makes Me Feel,” from “Yentl.”
Late in the showMs. Streisand tack-
led “Here’s to Life,” that autumnal sum-
ming-up-and-looking-back ballad that
has become the de rigueur anthem for
singers over 60. Hearing Ms. Streisand
sing the lyrics “I had my share, I drank
my fill/And even though I’m satisfied,
I’m hungry still,” I connected them to
one of her earliest recordings, “Much
More,” from “The Fantasticks,” in which
an innocent girl dreams of going “to
town in a golden gown.” Ms. Streisand
went there, was crowned queen and
drank more than her fill. Appetite, yearning, curiosity — what-
ever you call it — is a quality embedded
in Ms. Streisand’s voice. Like few sing-
ers of any age, she has the gift of con-
veying a primal human longing in a
beautiful sound. She is hungry still. RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Barbra Streisand performing on Thursday. The evening included a duet with her son,Jason Gould. A Sentimental Journey,Home to Brooklyn
From First Arts Page
Barbra Streisand performs Saturday
night at Barclays Center, 620 Atlantic Av-
enue, at Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn,
(800) 745-3000,
avoid the spade guess. He won
with his club queen, cashed his
top diamonds, ruffed a diamond
in the dummy, discarded two
hearts on the club ace and king,
ruffed the last club in his hand
and led his remaining diamond.
If West had covered with the
diamond queen, declarer planned
to discard a heart from the dum-
my. But when West threw a
heart, South ruffed in the dummy.
Everyone had five cards left:
dummy,the Q-7-5 of spades and
two hearts;South,the K-10-9 of
spades and two hearts.
Declarer exited with a heart.
The defenders took two tricks
in the suit, but then, endplayed,
could win only one more trick
with the spade ace,whatever the
Plus 50 and plus 420 gave the
Cushing team 10 international
match points on the board.
The Cavendish Invitational
tournament will take place in
Monaco fromMonday through
Friday. Play can be watched live
at, beginning at
3:15 a.m. Eastern time.
If this event is successful, the
plan is to hold it in Henderson,
Nev., in odd-numbered years,and
in Monaco in even-numbered.
Justine Cushing, Melih Ozdil
and Joel Wooldridge of New York
City, and Lew Finkel of Jupiter,
Fla., were the most successful
players at the Long Island Fall
Regional in Smithtown, N.Y., last
week, winning all five events that
they entered.
Ozdil played very nicely in the
diagramed deal.
At the other table, North was in
four spades. The defense began
with three rounds of hearts. De-
clarer ruffed the third and played
a trump to the king. West won
with his ace and exited safely.
Then North cashed his spade
queen to go down one, losing two
hearts and two spades.
In the given auction Ozdil
(South) opened one spade in the
fourth position, a serendipitous
choice. Cushing (North) respond-
ed two no-trump to show four-
card support or better and a max-
imum pass.
When West led a club, declarer
saw that he might be able to
Phillip Alder Bridge NORTH
S Q 7 5 4 3
h 6 4
d 5 2
C A K 6 5
S A J 8
h A 7 3
d J 6 4
C 10 9 7 2
S 2
h K Q 10 8
d Q 9 8 7
C J 8 4 3
S K 10 9 6
h J 9 5 2
d A K 10 3
Neither side was vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
Pass Pass Pass 1 S
Pass 2 N.T. Pass 4 S
Pass Pass Pass
West led the club ten.
Consider the Eternal Truths of
Television. About every six
months, a news anchor or weath-
er forecaster will accidentally say
something vulgar into a live mi-
crophone. At any
given moment, a
shopping channel
will be offering
something for
$19.99, with an ex-
tra one thrown in
free,if you call right now. And
somebody, somewhere,will al-
ways be willing to give Scott Baio
another TV show.
The somebody this time is Nick
at Nite,which on Sunday serves
up “See Dad Run,” a rare bit of
original programming amid its
block of reruns of shows like
“The Nanny” and “Full House.”
If nothing else, the new series
certainly fits comfortably into
that lineup: a serviceable, non-
threatening family comedy that
embraces the illusion that time
stopped when Chachi married
Mr. Baio of course played Cha-
chi on “Happy Days” in the 1970s
and ’80s, and he returned to tele-
vision on “Charles in Charge,”
“Diagnosis Murder” and other
series, as well as in reality shows
like “Scott Baio Is 45... and Sin-
gle.” Here he is David Hobbs, an
actor whose job playing a dad on
television for years has kept him
from spending much time with
his three actual children. Just as
David’s television show is end-
ing, his wife (Alanna Ubach), an
actress, is called to return to the
soap opera in which she once
starred, leaving David as a stay-
at-home father who has a lot of
catching up to do.
Tim Allen has been able to
wring new life out of the clueless-
dad thing on “Last Man Stand-
ing,” even though that view of fa-
therhood seems like a throwback
today. But Mr. Baio doesn’t have
Mr. Allen’s lovability or innate
sense of comedy. He also doesn’t have Mr. Al-
len’s writers, at least from the ev-
idence of the pilot — broadcast in
a sneak peak last weekend —
where what humor there was re-
volved around David’s tendency
to misremember scenes from the
television show as incidents from
real life. All in all, “See Dad Run” seems
to aspire only to blandness,
which is perhaps just right for
Nick at Nite’s risk-averse audi-
See Dad Run
, a new series with
Scott Baio,on Nick at Nite, Sun-
day nights at 8, Eastern and Pa-
cific times; 7, Central time. TELEVISION
GENZLINGER From Star Father on a Series
To a Clueless One at Home
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The final Fall for Dance pro-
gram opened on Thursday
evening with Shen Wei’s too fa-
miliar 2003 take on “Rite of
Spring.” Yet to give indication of
the direness that fol-
lowed, “Rite of
Spring” was the high
point. Set to Fazil Say’s
four-handed piano
version of the Stravin-
sky score, “Rite of Spring” tells
no story but ends up as a rather
anemic exercise in music visual-
ization. Mr. Shen works in a pal-
ette of grays and chalky whites as
the dancers, as emotional as mar-
ble statues, use their sleek bodies
to mirror the score’s percussive
notes. Clipped, shuffling walks
are offset by sharp turns, jumps
that burst straight into the air
and spiraling twists that wind
their lithe bodies to the floor and
back up again. In “No Comment,” performed
by the South Korean group
LDP—Laboratory Dance Project,
the choreographer Chang Ho
Shin transforms the stage into a
testosterone fantasy. Nine men
wear sport coats and move with
virile aggression, yet the scene is
so stylized that it could be a
dance in an Asian boy-band vid-
Set to music by Goran Bregov-
ic and the London collective
Transglobal Underground, “No
Comment” showcases a smatter-
ing of hip-hop, martial arts and
acrobatics. In the end the danc-
ers pound their chests and gradu-
ally strip to bare them. (No com-
ment necessary, but whoa.) The Australian group Circa, in
a circus-variety work of the same
name,explore balance, strength
and acrobatics. It feels danger-
ous, not so much because of the
movement, but because the per-
formers sometimes seemed to be
in control of the choreography
and,at other times, gripping
their muscles for dear life. Their
acrobatic feats are clunky at best
and often unattractive: Shoulder
balances involve three people.
Women are tossed from man to
man. “Circa” provides a diver-
sion, but it can’t be mistaken for a
María Pagés Compañia con-
cluded the evening with “Deseo Y
Conciencia” (“Desire and Con-
science”), an over-miked flamen-
co display in which she is flanked
by musicians and a six-member
ensemble. Ms. Pagés makes three
appearances in the piece, which
also translates into three costume
changes. They take over the
show. Standing in a pool of crim-
son fabric while snaking her arms
overhead like tentacles, Ms.
Pagés eventually bends over and
pulls part of the fabric over her
head,like a swamp creature. Since when in flamenco is foot-
work an afterthought? Later,
wearing a white-and-black con-
coction featuring a long ruffled
train that she whips on the floor
like a fishtail, Ms. Pagés turns her
back and undulates her arms like
a swan queen. That isn’t to say
she moved like one.
Flashy Moves and Loud Stomping
As a Festival Comes to a Close
Fall for Dance
Dai Jian, near right,
and Alex Speedie of Shen Wei
Dance Arts in “Rite of Spring,”
part of this festival at City Center.
KOURLAS The Fall for Dance festival contin-
ues through Saturday at City Cen-
ter, 131 West 55th Street, Manhat-
tan; (212) 581-1212, nycitycenter
Where strength
overpowers artistry. The title that Kent Tritle, the
music director of the Cathedral
Church of St. John the Divine, has
revived for its concerts, Great
Music in a Great Space, has a
nice ring to it, like
that of Sacred Music
in a Sacred Space,
the series Mr. Tritle
founded at the
Church of St. Igna-
tius Loyola in 1989
and directed until his move to the
cathedral last season. But it does-
n’t have quite the same symme-
“Great music” means great
qualitatively, as in Bach’s Mass in
B minor, which Mr. Tritle per-
formed with the Cathedral Choir
and Orchestra on Wednesday
evening. “Great space” means
great quantitatively; the cathe-
dral’s huge volume and endless
resonance are certainly not quali-
tatively great for most music.
Mr. Tritle, one of the most ac-
complished and canniest choral
directors at work today, tackled
the issue head-on, deploying his
relatively modest forces (22 chor-
isters, 21 instrumentalists) on the
raised platform of the great choir,
under the central dome, which
rains down reverberation on per-
formers and audience alike. The temptation must be strong
to try to fill the great space with
sound, but except in the extro-
verted movements with trumpets
and drums, which cut cleanly
through the murk, Mr. Tritle
seemed instead to want to draw
listeners in with a restrained, al-
most intimate interpretation.
His pacing, often deliberate,
was well calculated to let the
overlapping lines sort themselves
out. And the most stunning mo-
ment of the night was its quietest:
the pianissimo ending of the
“Crucifixus,” where the sonic im-
age of Christ being laid in the
tomb was so powerful and vivid
as to be almost visible.
All this worked well for a listen-
er seated up close. But I was reli-
ably told afterward that the sound
deteriorated markedly with dis-
tance, especially for those seated
toward the rear of the good-size
audience, a number of steps be-
low the level of the platform.
The orchestra, using mostly in-
struments with modern fittings
and applying vibrato liberally,
played well, and the choral work,
as you would expect from Mr. Tri-
tle, was truly distinguished. In the
demanding arias and duets,
which are often shared among
five or six singers to avoid awk-
wardnesses of range, Mr. Tritle
used only the necessary four:
Amy Justman, soprano; Katie
Geissinger, mezzo-soprano; Oli-
ver Mercer, tenor; and Kelly
Markgraf, baritone.Despite good
moments, they were uneven over
all and seemed to wear down
quickly. Still, at least for those of us up
front, it was a rewarding evening.
The next Great Music in a Great
Space concert is on March 20 at
the Cathedral Church of St. John
the Divine, 1047 Amsterdam Ave-
nue, at 112th Street, Morningside
Heights; (866) 811-4111,
REVIEW Intimate Moments in a Voluminous Hall
Great Music in a Great Space
Tritle conducting Amy Justman
and the ensemble at the Cathedral
Church of St. John the Divine.
and Amanda Sharp,capitalizing on the
thousands of collectors, dealers, cura-
tors and art world personalities who ar-
rive in London every October for Frieze
week,a frenzied round of gallery open-
ings, big museum exhibitions, auctions
and parties.
In an interview a few days before the
opening, Mr. Slotover and Ms. Sharp
didn’t contest the commercial interest
in cornering the rest of art history for
Frieze, but they maintained that their
inspiration was as much curatorial as
market-driven. “Frieze has always been super-con-
temporary, art fresh from the studio,”
Mr. Slotover said. “But we became very
aware that our friends who are artists
aren’t just looking at work made now
but are inspired by work from the past.
We thought a Masters show would con-
textualize the contemporary art and
that we could do it in a Frieze-type way.”
Victoria Siddall, the director of Frieze
Masters, said that they were also very
aware of the growing museum trend of
juxtaposing contemporary and older
work to show lineage and influence. “We were getting applications for the
contemporary fair from all over the
world,” she said. “For many of the gal-
leries trying to show with us, it didn’t
make sense, but it made us realize how
much demand there was.”
The Masters fair has certainly been
organized in a Frieze-type way. With its
101 stands given a serenely modern,
gray-and-white setting by the New York
architect Annabelle Selldorf, it offers an
intriguing juxtaposition of styles and
aesthetics,as well as a tantalizing, ka-
leidoscopic view of art history. “It is the lineage of ideas throughout
history that makes the present so rele-
vant,” said RoseLee Goldberg,the di-
rector of the Performa festival in New
York, who had come to London to see
both Frieze fairs. “It was exciting to
stand in front of a Lynda Benglis and a
Louise Bourgeois and to see a 12th-
century painted Madonna and Child
nearby. The range from 200 or 300 B.C.
to 2000 A.D. created a stunning panora-
ma of ideas.”
Although a few Frieze regulars ex-
pressed doubt that there would be a
great deal of crossover between die-
hard contemporary collectors and those
with more eclectic historical tastes,
there were buyers for big,blue-chip art
as well as more obscure fare. Picasso’s
1969 “Buste d’Homme,” hanging next to
“L’Ilyssus du Parthénon,” by Matisse,
at Acquavella Galleries,sold for
$9.5 million, while the London gallery
Sam Fogg, which specializes in medi-
eval art and was exhibiting enormous
stone gargoyles, among other things,
sold several pieces “in the region of
$50,000,” according to a gallery spokes-
man. There were real old masters (Pous-
sin, Canaletto); an enormous Calder
mobile, swaying to Brazilian music, at
Helly Nahmad; and a trove of 16th- and
17th-century paintings at the David
Koetser gallery from Zurich, notably
Giovanni Stanchi’s gorgeously Baroque
allegories of the seasons and Sebastien
Stoskopff’s “Vanitas With a Vase of The-
“There is a lot of interest; we already
have reserves on several pieces,” a gal-
lerist at Koetser said not long after the
fair had opened.
Several of the big-name galleries,like
Gagosian, Hauser & Wirth and Victoria
Miro,also had stands at Frieze London
(as the contemporary tent is now
called), and the overlap in content be-
tween the two fairs was sometimes sur-
“There’s a great deal of work here
that could be at Masters, and vice ver-
sa,” said the New York art adviser Elisa-
beth Wingate,as she studied a bronze
by the American feminist artist Hannah
Wilke at the Alison Jacques Gallery.
“You can still buy art by women that
is so undervalued,compared to their
male peers,” she added.
Whether the fairs’ overlap becomes a
problem for the Frieze identity remains
to be seen; first impressions of Masters
were generally positive, and there was
certainly some of the collector crossover
that the organizers were hoping for.
On Wednesday the contemporary col-
lector Beth Rudin DeWoody said she
had bought “quite a few things” the pre-
vious day at Frieze Masters. “I found
some really interesting pieces,” she said,
“two John McLaughlins, a Hannah
Wilke and a small Gavin Turk.”
At Frieze London sales at the 175
stands were strong, if not quite repro-
ducing the feeding frenzy of a few years
ago that Frieze regulars recounted. “The people who come into the morn-
ing preview know what they want,” said
Anna Gavazzi, a sales associate at the
London gallery Sadie Coles HQ, where
an eye-popping Sarah Lucas hanging
chair, seemingly made up of breasts,
was going for $150,000,and where less
expensive work,“in the $20,000 range,”
by the Turner Prize finalist Spartacus
Chetwynd was exhibited.
“We’ve sold almost everything,” she
said late on Wednesday, as the party
crowds poured in for the evening ses-
Alissa Friedman, a director of Salon
94 in New York, said her impression was
that “there is a similar energy to previ-
ous years, but I think a lot of galleries
have brought younger artists with lower
price points.”
“But then,that’s what this fair is for,
living artists,” she said.
A new section, Focus, for galleries es-
tablished after 2001 (there is also Frame,
for galleries under six years old), may
well have added to that younger feel,
with its vibrant solo presentations that
included a video, “West Hinder,” by the
Turner nominee Elizabeth Price, and
Torsten Slama’s slightly sinister pencil
drawings of empty buildings.
Few gallerists were willing to admit
that the European economic crisis was
affecting business, although Andrew
Silewicz at Sprueth Magers said he
thought buyers were more cautious.
“It’s all a bit more considered now,” he
Max Wigram, the director of the Lon-
don gallery of that name, said works be-
ing shown by Luiz Zerbini and Jose Dáa-
vila had sold well. He was emphatic
about the strength of the art market. “Buying is strong, and there is a rea-
son for that,” he said. “The center of the
art market is rich people taking advice,
collecting well. Most collectors are so-
phisticated people who invest in art as
carefully as they invest in other areas.
It’s not this crazy, booming, nutty thing
in a parallel world.”
Above, a painting by
Giovanni Stanchi at the
David Koetser gallery
stand at Frieze
Masters. From Frieze
London,left, “Our
Parents” by Zhang
Huan; and, below, a
scene from Anri Sala’s
“Clocked Perspective.”
More images from the
Frieze art fairs are at
Frieze London and Frieze Masters run
through Sunday in Regent’s Park, Lon-
don; A Sibling
For a Shiny
Art Show
In London
From First Arts Page
his shoulders and hips in moves that de-
fied logic, raised his arms and beckoned
the audience to come closer. He rested
one hand suggestively at the base of his
belly, the other on his backside.
He was joined by Robert Castel, a 79-
year-old singer and violinist. The two
men — Mr. Ferkioui, a Muslim who still
lives in the neglected Casbah, and Mr.
Castel, a Jew who now lives in a chic
suburb of Paris — danced together, al-
most touching. The concert,a celebration of the mu-
seum’s new exhibition “The Jews of Al-
geria,” was the first performance by Al-
gerians in the museum’s 14-year histo-
For the musicians, it was even more. The creation of the orchestra has led
to a rediscovery of their music, a mix of
Andalusian and Berber sounds and reli-
gious chants that incorporates strong,
guttural singing with the music of a pi-
ano, a flute, strings and percussion. It has revived friendships where reli-
gion, class and ethnicity have no mean-
ing,and reincarnated the old men as
artists worthy of respect.
“Look at us — at our age — traveling,
eating great meals, staying in three-
and four-star hotels, getting paid,” said
Rachid Berkani, a lute player who is 75,
showing off the Hugo Boss suit he had
bought in London.
The story of El Gusto starts with a
chance encounter. Nine years ago Safi-
nez Bousbia, a 22-year-old Algerian-
born architect living in Ireland, wan-
dered into a shop in the Casbah where
Mr. Ferkioui was making and painting
wooden mirrors. She asked him about the faded black-
and-white photographs of musicians
that were pinned to a mirror. Over the
next few hours Mr. Ferkioui poured out
the story of how he once had been part
of a famous chaabi conservatory and
musical troupe in the 1950s. “I saw this beautiful angel in front of
me,” Mr. Ferkioui said of that first meet-
ing. “God had sent her.”
Ms. Bousbia decided to bring the mu-
sicians back together. Finding them was
the hard part. Mr. Ferkioui had trouble
remembering the names. The music
conservatory in Algiers where he had
studied had long been closed. She hunt-
ed down the conservatory’s registration
records and went door to door in search
of the musicians. Ms. Bousbia found more than two doz-
en of them, some in their 90s, in Algeria
and France. The process took more than
two years. Along the way, she decided
that their stories and their music de-
served a documentary film. “Their lives were stuck in the past,
their music was lost,” she said. “They
deserved to be reunited and have their
stories told. I decided to go for it.” A child of privilege who had been edu-
cated at Swiss boarding schools and
studied architecture at Oxford, Ms.
Bousbia used her own money to help fi-
nance the project. In 2007, as part of the film project, the
musicians — Muslims and Jews — were
united in Marseille, France. The orches-
tra staged its first full reunion, its first
performance in 45 years,to a sellout
crowd there. Concerts in Paris, Berlin,
London, Geneva and Brussels followed. Along the way, Ms. Bousbia learned
she had breast cancer; she recovered,
but the project was at a standstill for an-
other two years.Finally, in January 2012,
“El Gusto” the film was released in
Paris. It was featured last spring at the
Tribeca Film Festival in New York and
at the Seattle International Film Festi-
val. This fall it will be shown again in the
United States, and in Canada, Spain,
Greece, Brazil, Australia, Serbia and
Hong Kong. The musicians’ stories, pieced togeth-
er, create a rough mosaic of the last 50
years of Algerian history.
Luc Cherki, 79, a Jewish singer and
guitarist, relocated to France with his
family in the late 1930s, was hidden by a
Christian family during World War II
and moved back to Algeria after the war,
where he was a low-level government
worker. He then left for good when Jews
were persecuted after independence.
Mr. Berkani, a Muslim,spent four
years in prison for his political activities
against the French during Algeria’s war
for independence. He was tortured by
electric shock and waterboarding. He
also made stringed instruments with
pots and electrical wire and performed
for the other prisoners. “It boosted mo-
rale,” he said.
Mr. Castel, the son of a famous chaabi
composer, left Algiers for Paris when in-
dependence arrived, became an actor
and playwright and has been decorated
with the Legion of Honor. Liamine Haimoune, 66, a singer who
plays the mandolin, lost two sons during
Algeria’s Islamic rebellion in the 1990s
and had stopped playing music for a
decade. “I was angry against the whole
world,” he said. “The sadness never
leaves my eyes, of course. But my face
— now it is smiling!”
After the concert Mr. Haimoune hud-
dled in a corner with a friend he hadn’t
seen for 45 years. The two men wept. El Gusto’s current tour is taking the
orchestra to five more French cities, in-
cluding back to Marseille,and Grenoble,
then to the Oslo World Music Festival.
There are negotiations with an Ameri-
can agent to play in New York, Los An-
geles and Chicago. But the musicians’ numbers are dwin-
dling. Several have died since the or-
chestra was created, some of their
places filled by sons. Maurice El Me-
dioni, 84, the pianist, who lives in Israel,
was too ill to travel for the concert in
Paris.Mustapha Tahmi, 76, a guitar
player, suffered two seizures recently
and walks with a cane. There is unfinished business. The or-
chestra has yet to stage a full concert in
Algeria, because the Jewish musicians,
who make up a small but crucial part of
the orchestra, have been reluctant to re-
turn. The country is still recovering
from the civil war that broke out after
1992 election results were annulled,and
the Armed Islamic Group declared war
on non-Muslims and foreigners. “As a Jew and as a singer, I’ve been
afraid to go back,” Mr. Cherki said. “I’d
love to go back to my country. But it’s a
different country now.”
Mr. Berkani offered a suggestion to
make it easier. “Instead of turning the
page of history,” he said, “you burn it.” Algerian Songs and Friendships,Reborn in Music That Crosses Religious Divides
Songs from the film and a trailer:
El Gusto in concert at the Museum of the Art and History of Judaism, in the Marais section of Paris.
From First Arts Page
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Too Cute! “Pool Puppies.” (HD)
Too Cute! (N) (G) Pit Bulls and Parolees (CC) (HD) Pit Bulls and Parolees (N) (HD) Pit Bulls and Parolees (CC) (HD) Pit Bulls-Parole
Star Trek: The Next Generation Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG)
Bedlam “Pool of Tears.” (N) (HD) Hex (CC) (HD) (Part 2 of 2) (14) Funny as Hell 2012 (N) (CC) (14) Bedlam (HD) (14)
. Baby Boy (2001). Tyrese Gibson, Omar Gooding. (R) (CC) (5)
Streets (2011). Meek Mill, Nafessa Williams. Teen adjusts to life in Phila-
delphia. (CC) (HD)
BET Hip Hop Awards 2012 Celebrating hip-hop history and culture. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Streets (2011). (CC) (HD)
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD) uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained Ghost Stories
> Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD) Money Moves Sportfolio (HD) Political Capital Bloomberg
> Charlie Rose (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Game Changers (HD) Political Capital
Showbiz Moms & Dads Emily does well as the pageant continues. (CC)
Showbiz Moms & Dads (CC) (PG) National Treasure: Book of Secrets (2007). Nicolas Cage, Jon Voight. The whole archae-
ology gang is back. Just as inane as the original. (PG)
National Treasure: Book of Secrets (2007). Nicolas Cage. (PG)
S.E.C. Tonight College Football Southern Mississippi vs. Central Florida. (HD) Inside Football Inside Football
Reba (CC) (PG) Reba (CC) (PG) Reba “Go Far.” Reba (CC) (PG) Bayou Billion Bayou Billion Redneck Rehab (N) (CC) (HD) Bayou Billion Bayou Billion Redneck Rehab
Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs (2009). Voice of Bill Hader. (PG) Venture Bros.Family Guy (14) Family Guy (14) Cleveland Show Black Dynamite The Boondocks Bleach (N) (14)
Money in Motion Currency
How I Made My Millions
Ultimate Factories “Budweiser.” (PG)
The Suze Orman Show “Are You Watching Your Money?” (N) (CC)
Til Debt Do Us Part (CC)
Til Debt Do Us Part (CC)
Ultimate Factories “UPS.” UPS Worldport in Louisville, Ky. (G)
The Suze Orman Show (CC)
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Latino in America “Courting Their Vote.” (HD)
Piers Morgan Tonight (HD) CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Latino in America “Courting Their Vote.” (HD)
Piers Morgan Tonight (HD)
Dumb & Dumber (1994). Jim Carrey, Jeff Daniels. Limo driver and dog groomer on the road. Lives up to its title. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
. Hot Tub Time Machine (2010). John Cusack, Rob Corddry. Tub transports pals to their 1980s heyday. Nostalgic riot of crude humor. (R) (CC) (HD)
. Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004). Vince Vaughn, Christine Taylor. (CC) (HD) (11:15)
Food(ography) Food(ography) Everyday Italian Kelsey’s Ess.Roadtrip Garvin Roadtrip Garvin Roadtrip Garvin Roadtrip Garvin Dinner Imposs.Eat St. (HD) Everyday Italian
2008 McCain/Obama Town Hall 2000 Bush/Gore Town Hall (8:55) 1992 Bush/Clinton/Perot Town Hall (10:45) Action
Book TV “Syria.” (N) Book TV (N) Book TV “In the Shadow of Greatness.” (N) (8:45) Afterwords Book TV “Exceptional America.” (N) (10:45) Book TV (N)
Eldridge & Co.City Talk 219 West Theater Talk (G)
Don Quixote (1957). Nikolai Cherkasov, Yuri Tolubeyev.TimesTalks Arts & Leisure Real
Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G)
Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Jessie “The Whining.” (CC)
A.N.T. Farm (CC) (HD) (G)
Austin & Ally (CC) (G)
Gravity Falls (CC) (HD) (Y7)
My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
That’s So ’80s I Want That (HD) Holmes on Homes (HD) (G) Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Family Under Family Under That’s So ’80s That’s So ’80s Renov. Real.
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Fueling the Fire.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Snow, Cold and Darkness.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Dead of Winter.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Spring Has Sprung.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier “Dead of Winter.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Alaska: The Last Frontier (14)
E! News (HD)
. Knocked Up (2007). Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl. (R) (HD) The Soup (14) Chelsea Lately Jonas Jonas
Superman (1978). Christopher Reeve. Boy from Krypton makes good. Long version. (PG) (CC) Twins (1988). Fraternal, to say the least. Lame one-joke comedy. (PG) (CC) Extreme-Super Dave
College Football Scoreboard (HD) College Football South Carolina vs. L.S.U. (HD) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) SportsCenter
College Football Boston College vs. Florida State. (HD) College Football College Football Tennessee vs. Mississippi State. (HD) Football Final
The Lost Son of Havana (2009). (6) Senna (2010). Documentary. (PG-13) (CC) Senna (2010). Documentary. (PG-13) (CC) 30 for 30
Restaurant: Impossible (HD) (G) Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Iron Chef America (HD) Restaurant: Im.
. Magnolia (1999). Jason Robards, Julianne Moore. Pop-culture victims. Haunting collage, too good to be missed. (R) (CC) (5)
. Crash (2005). Sandra Bullock. Racial tensions collide in collection of inter-
twined L.A. lives. Blunt, tangled, emotionally urgent Oscar winner. (R) (CC)
FXM Presents (CC) (MA) (11:14)
. Crash (2005). Sandra Bullock, Don Cheadle. (R) (CC)
Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD)
Stossel (HD) The Journal Edi-
torial Report
FOX News Watch (HD)
Justice With Judge Jeanine
College Soccer St. John’s vs. Louisville.International Rivalries Fox Soccer News (HD) College Soccer St. John’s vs. Louisville.
Movie (PG) (6) Movie (PG) Top 100 Killer Collabos (HD) Top 100 Killer Collabos (HD) Killer Collabos
Iron Man (2008). Robert Downey Jr., Terrence Howard. (PG-13) (HD) (5)
U.F.C. 153: Silva vs. Bonnar - Preliminaries From Rio de Janeiro. (HD) What Happens in Vegas (2008). Cameron Diaz, Ashton Kutcher. Strangers wake up married. Junky time-waster. (PG-13) (HD)
American Ninja Warrior (PG) American Ninja Warrior (PG) American Ninja Warrior (HD) (PG) American Ninja Warrior (PG) American Ninja Warrior (PG) Ninja Warrior
Golf Central (HD) P.G.A. Tour Golf Miccosukee Championship, third round.L.P.G.A. Tour Golf Sime Darby L.P.G.A. Malaysia, third round.P.G.A. Tour Golf
Minute to Win It (CC) (HD) (PG) Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed
Meet My Mom (2010, TVF). Woman falls for son’s pen pal. (CC) (HD) A Taste of Romance (2011, TVF). Teri Polo, Bailee Madison. (CC) (HD) Puppy Love (2012, TVF). Victor Webster (CC) (HD)
House Hunters Renovation (HD) Love It or List It “Renton.” (HD) (G) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Love It or List It
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “Les Is More.” (HD)
Pawn Stars “Wheels.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (10:31)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:02)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:32)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence Investigators
Nightmare Next Door “Devils in the Details.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attraction “Love Me Ten-
der.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attraction “Weapon of Mass Seduction.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Deadly Affairs “Deadly Obsession.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attraction “Love Me Ten-
der.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attrac-
tion (CC) (HD)
C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America (2004). (PG-13) (6)
The Devil’s Rejects (2005). Sid Haig, Bill Moseley. Sheriff and two bounty hunters track murderous family. Stylish but tedious gore fest. (R)
Evil Dead 2 (1987). Bruce Campbell, Sarah Berry. Garbage. Spare yourself. (R) (HD) (10:15)
The Devil’s Re-
jects (2005). (R)
My Sister’s Keeper (2009). Cameron Diaz. (PG-13) (HD) (6)
Steel Magnolias (2012, TVF). Queen Latifah, Phylicia Rashad. Six Louisiana women gather at beauty salon. (CC) (HD)
Abducted: The Carlina White Story (2012, TVF). Aunjanue Ellis, Keke Palmer. Woman learns she was kidnapped at birth. (CC) (HD)
Steel Magnolias (CC) (HD) (12:01)
Possessing Piper Rose (2011, TVF). Rebecca Romijn. (CC) (HD) (6)
The House Next Door (2006, TVF). Lara Flynn Boyle, Colin Ferguson. House possesses unspeakable power over all who enter. (CC) (HD)
You Belong to Me (2007). Patti D’Arbanville, Daniel Sauli. Architect’s new landlady wants more than rent. (CC) (HD)
The House Next Door (CC) (HD)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Engaged & Un-
derage (CC)
Engaged & Un-
derage (CC)
> Nip/Tuck “Roxy St. James.” Sean’s feelings for Julia. (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Ricky Wells.” Matt be-
comes jealous. (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Manny Skerritt.” New anesthesiologist. (CC) (MA)
Joan Rivers: Before Melissa Pulls the Plug The comic performs. (CC)
Comedy Central Presents (CC)
The Bridge at Remagen (1969). (5) The Devil’s Brigade (1968). William Holden. Man’s-man World War II drama. Shipshape but familiar format.The Devil’s Brigade (1968). William Holden.
M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights. (5) M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight: League Champ.M.L.B. Tonight
MSG Vault (6:30) N.B.A. Preseason Basketball Boston Celtics vs. New York Knicks. (HD) Knicks Post.Knick: Anthony Stoudemire Knicks in 60
College Football Texas Christian vs. Baylor. (HD) Belmont Park 30 U.E.F.A. Champions League Soccer
Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup “Return to Pelican Bay.” Lockup “Return to Corcoran.” Lockup (N) (HD) Lockup Lockup
How High (2001). Method Man, Redman. (R) (HD) (6:40) Get Rich or Die Tryin’ (2005). Curtis “50 Cent” Jackson, Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje. (R) (HD) (8:45) Notorious (2009). (HD) (11:20)
College Central College Hockey Ice Breaker Tournament, final, Teams TBA. (HD) N.F.L. Turning Point (HD) Irish United Game On!Boxing
Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers “Extreme Justice.” (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska-Trooper
SpongeBob SpongeBob iCarly (N) (HD) Victorious (N) (G) Big Time Rush How to Rock (N)
> The Nanny
> The Nanny
> Friends (14)
> Friends (14)
> Friends (14)
Fresh Beat Go, Diego, Go!Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Mom Friends Parental Discr.NickMom, Out Carol Brady Mom Friends
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
. Of Mice and Men (1992). (HD) (5:30)
. Jurassic Park (1993). Spielberg’s prehistoric animal blockbuster, via Crichton novel. Gripping. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
. Of Mice and Men (1992). Gary Sinise. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Disappeared (CC) (HD) (PG) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (N) (HD) Iyanla, Fix My Life (N) (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Fix My Life
Nutty Professor II: The Klumps
. Beauty Shop (2005). Queen Latifah, Alicia Silverstone. (PG-13) (8:15) Nutty Professor II: The Klumps (2000). Eddie Murphy. (PG-13) (CC) (10:20)
Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD)
9/11: Day- Changed- World Asia’s Deadliest Snakes (HD) (PG) Apocalypse The Second World Mystery of the Hope Diamond Asia’s Deadliest Snakes (HD) (PG) Apocalypse
Jets Game Plan College Football Syracuse vs. Rutgers. (CC) (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
Monster Jam Monterey Motorsports Reunion Dumbest Stuff Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge Lime Rock (ST). (HD) Nascar Victory Lane
Gridiron Gang (2006). The Rock, Xzibit. (PG-13) (HD) (6)
. Walking Tall (2004). The Rock, Johnny Knoxville. (PG-13) (HD) Enter the Dragon (1973). Bruce Lee. (R) (HD)
Glam Fairy (HD) (PG) Big Rich Texas (HD) (14) Big Rich Texas (HD) (PG)
. The Deep End of the Ocean (1999). Michelle Pfeiffer, Treat Williams. (PG-13) (HD)
The Mortified Sessions (HD)
Iconoclasts (CC) (HD) (MA)
Gigantic (2008). Paul Dano. Mattress salesman falls meets lost soul. Glum study of love in the ’00s. (R) (CC)
The Real Place (CC) (9:45)
. Junebug (2005). Amy Adams, Embeth Davidtz. (R) (CC)
The Business Trip (CC) (11:45)
3Some (2009). Nilo Mur. (CC)
House of Bones (2010, TVF). Charisma Carpenter, Corin Nemec. Reality show cast investigates haunted house. (CC) (HD)
American Horror House (2012, TVF). Morgan Fairchild, Alessandra Torresani. Ghosts invade sorority house on Halloween. (HD)
The Amityville Horror (1979). James Brolin. Couple’s house turns against them. Junk it. (R) (HD)
> The Big Bang Theory
M.L.B. on Deck (CC) (HD)
M.L.B. American League Championship Series, Game 1: Teams TBA. (HD) Inside M.L.B. (CC) (HD)
The Legend of Zorro (2005). (HD)
. Gandhi (1982). Ben Kingsley. (PG) (CC) (4:30)
. The Third Man (1949). Joseph Cotten, Orson Welles. Superb suspense in Graham Greene’s postwar Vienna. And oh, that fade-out! . Cry, the Beloved Country (1951). Sidney Poitier, Canada Lee. Apartheid tensions and tragedy. Superb drama. (CC)
. Brief Encoun-
ter (1945). (CC)
48 Hours: Hard Evidence (HD) (14) 48 Hours: Hard Evidence (HD) (14) 48 Hours: Hard Evidence (N) (HD) 48 Hours: Hard Evidence (N) (HD) 48 Hours: Hard Evidence (HD) (14) Hard Evidence
. Ocean’s Eleven (2001). George Clooney, Brad Pitt. Las Vegas casino heist. Soder-
bergh’s great-looking remake, and that’s just the cast. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
. G.I. Jane (1997). Demi Moore. Navy Seals recruit endures rigorous training. Ferocious and suitably spare. (R) (CC) (HD)
. Mystic River (2003). (CC) (HD)
Legends Of Alcatraz (N) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
Wipeout (CC) (PG) Wipeout (CC) (PG) Wipeout (CC) (PG) Operation Repo Operation Repo Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Most Shocking
Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
> NCIS “Friends and Lovers.” A young sailor’s body is found. (HD)
> NCIS “Angel of Death.” A drug dealer holds Dinozzo captive. (HD)
> NCIS “Bury Your Dead.” A show-
down with an arms dealer. (HD)
> NCIS “Recoil.” Ziva’s cover may be blown. (CC) (HD) (14)
> NCIS “Toxic.” A government sci-
entist goes missing. (CC) (HD) (PG)
> NCIS (CC) (HD) (PG)
Chrissy & Jones Chrissy & Jones Basketball Wives LA (HD) Basketball Wives LA (HD) Basketball Wives LA (HD) Basketball Wives LA (HD) T.I. and Tiny
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (N) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wed-
ding: Unveiled
Yanks Mag.Boxing 30 (HD) CenterStage (HD) This Week in Football (HD) CenterStage (HD) Wild Spirits SportsMoney 10 Years of YES
8 P.M. (HBO) THE DESCENDANTS (2011) Matt
King (George Clooney, in an Oscar-nominated
role), a real estate lawyer whose family tree
includes the earliest white settlers in Hawaii as
well as indigenous royalty, struggles to make
the right decision regarding his family’s
birthright:a pristine and picturesque tract of
land on Kauai. Should it be sold to developers?
In the meantime his wife, Elizabeth (Patricia
Hastie), is in a coma in a Honolulu hospital after
a boating accident. Not long after her doctors
inform Matt that he is about to become a
widower and a single father to two difficult
daughters, Scottie (Amara Miller, foreground,
with, from left, Mr. Clooney, Nick Krause and
Shailene Woodley) and Alex (Ms.Woodley), he
learns that Elizabeth was having an affair.
Robert Forster portrays Elizabeth’s enraged
father, who blames his daughter’s condition on
Matt’s tightwad ways; MatthewLillard plays
Brian,the object of Elizabeth’s affection; Judy
Greer is Brian’s wife; Mr. Krause is Alex’s goofy
sidekick; and Beau Bridges is Matt’s cousin. Mr.
Clooney’s actorly instincts “have never been
keener or more generous,” and Ms. Woodley
gives “one of the toughest, smartest, most
credible adolescent performances in recent
memory,” A.O. Scott wrote in The New York
Times about this drama directed by Alexander
Payne and based on the novel by Kaui Hart
Hemmings.He added: “Mr. Payne, with a light
touch and a keen sense of place — this Hawaii is
as real and peculiar as the Nebraska of ‘About
Schmidt’ or the California wine country of
‘Sideways’ — has made a movie that, for all its
modesty, is as big as life. Its heart is occupied by
grief, pain and the haunting silence of Elizabeth,
whose version of events is the only one we never
hear. And yet it is also full of warmth, humor and
the kind of grace that can result from our
clumsy attempts to make things better.” The
film received an Academy Award nomination
for best picture,and Mr. Payne was nominated
for best director; he, Nat Faxon and JimRash
won for best adapted screenplay. 10:30 A.M. (13) NONE OF THE ABOVE: THE
In this three-part mini-series “Religion & Ethics
Newsweekly” examines findings from a recent
survey it conducted with the Pew Research
Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life on the
characteristics, beliefs and practices of the 46
million American adults who now describe
themselves as religiously unaffiliated. This
opening segment looks at young people 18 to 29
who describe themselves as atheists, agnostics
or “nothing in particular,” and questions why
that category is growing so rapidly. Bob
Abernethy reports.
MINDWilliam J. vanden Heuvel, a former
United States ambassador and the chairman of
the Four Freedoms Conservancy, discusses the
coming opening and dedication of the Franklin
D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park, designed by
the architect Louis Kahn, who died in 1974. 8 P.M. (Animal Planet) TOO CUTE!
Coming-of-age stories about cuddly creatures,
including Coton de Tulear puppies, a baby goat,
a mischievous German shepherd and a French
Passengers prepare for the ill-fated ship’s
maiden voyage in the
final two installments
of this mini-series, told
through the stories of
several real and
imagined figures. Chris
Noth, left, portrays the
tycoon J.P. Morgan,
whose International
Mercantile Marine
Company owned the White Star Line, which in
turn owned the Titanic. Derek Jacobi plays
William Pirrie, chairman of the Harland and
Wolff shipyard, where the Titanic was built. And
Kevin Zegers is Mark Muir, a scientist who
questions the safety of the steel used in the ship. 9 P.M. (CUNY) LITERARY ADAPTATIONS
festival begins with “Don Quixote” (1957),
Grigori Kozintsev’s adaptation of Cervantes’s
tale about a Spanish knight-errant, played by
Nikolai Cherkasov, and his squire, Sancho
Panza (Yuri Tolubeyev). Writing in The Times
upon the film’s 1961 release in the United States,
Bosley Crowther said that this “brilliant
Russian spectacle” was “the most handsome
and impressive film yet made” from
Cervantes’s story and called it “an affectingly
warm and human exposition of character.”
(2012) A sorority house is overrun with ghosts
on Halloween, while a vengeful housemother
goes on a killing spree. Morgan Fairchild and
Alessandra Torresani star.
9 P.M. (BBC America) BEDLAMEllie (Lacey
Turner) and the new residents at Brightmoor
start to realize what dangers lurk after ignoring
the warnings from a ghost who lingers in water. KATHRYNSHATTUCK
High High
Past peak
Near peak
Some color
Still green
New York
St. Paul
New York
Baton Rouge
ioux Fall
San Francisco
an Francisco
an Francisco
Los Ange
n Diego
n o
Salt Lake
lt La
lt La
Santa Fe
El Paso
. W
ma City
an Antonio
Corpus Christi
es M
St. Louis
The storm system that brought showers and thunderstorms to
Southern California on Thursday will continue its march northeast today, threatening the nation’s midsection with violent thunderstorms this afternoon and tonight. The strongest storms will be capable of producing damaging winds, blinding downpours and isolated tornadoes.
Highlight: Danger of Severe Weather Today
Cool air
Warm air
Moist air
high 86°
high 65°
low 51°
low 35°
8 a.m.
3 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
.............. –0.0°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +2.9°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 77%Yesterday
............. 73%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 4.26Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 4.65Actual
.................... 4.43Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 41.68Actual
.................. 49.92Normal
Air pressure Humidity
Heating Degree Days
........... 30.22 4 p.m.High
............ 30.09 7 a.m.Low
............. 73% 7 a.m.High
.............. 43% 3 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature fell below 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
are with those of the last 30 y
................................................................... 13Yesterday
........................................................ 75So far this month
................................ 97So far this season (since July 1)
................................. 115Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Below Above
Below Above
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
National Forecast
New First Quarter Full Last Quarter
Oct. 15 Oct. 21 Oct. 29 Nov. 6
Northeast Foliage
8:01 a.m. 3:49 p.m. RISE
7:05 a.m.
6:18 p.m.
7:06 a.m.
11:52 a.m.
9:02 p.m.
7:55 a.m.
6:53 p.m.
4:51 a.m.
4:59 p.m.
6:01 a.m.
10:53 a.m.
8:17 p.m.
3:51 a.m.
4:52 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
56/ 50 S 70/ 62 PC
Bridgeport 58/ 47 0.03 55/ 48 S 67/ 62 PC
Caldwell 57/ 41 0 57/ 43 S 70/ 57 PC
Danbury 54/ 38 0.04 52/ 40 S 66/ 56 PC
Islip 60/ 44 0.02 54/ 46 S 68/ 61 PC
Newark 57/ 47 0 57/ 50 S 71/ 62 PC
Trenton 59/ 40 0 57/ 44 S 71/ 58 PC
White Plains 56/ 41 0.02 53/ 44 S 67/ 58 PC
Albany 50/ 28 0.04 54/ 42 S 65/ 55 C
Albuquerque 76/ 46 0.23 67/ 47 PC 69/ 46 S
Anchorage 44/ 34 0 41/ 37 C 47/ 36 PC
Atlanta 80/ 59 0.04 75/ 56 S 76/ 64 PC
Atlantic City 65/ 40 0 57/ 49 S 69/ 62 PC
Austin 89/ 70 0 87/ 71 PC 85/ 62 T
Baltimore 65/ 35 0 59/ 45 S 74/ 56 PC
Baton Rouge 86/ 64 0 89/ 68 S 85/ 67 PC
Birmingham 82/ 60 0 83/ 63 S 79/ 62 C
Boise 76/ 50 0 70/ 49 PC 73/ 54 PC
Boston 54/ 35 0.04 55/ 46 S 68/ 61 PC
Buffalo 47/ 32 0.13 55/ 50 R 71/ 51 W
Burlington 47/ 29 0.05 52/ 42 PC 61/ 54 R
Casper 73/ 43 0 64/ 37 PC 65/ 40 C
Charlotte 76/ 47 0 68/ 44 S 74/ 56 PC
Chattanooga 74/ 52 0.16 78/ 57 S 76/ 59 C
Chicago 54/ 45 0 70/ 61 R 68/ 46 T
Cincinnati 60/ 38 0 74/ 58 PC 74/ 50 T
Cleveland 50/ 34 0.02 65/ 57 PC 75/ 52 T
Colorado Springs 60/ 41 0.05 66/ 41 C 68/ 39 S
Columbus 57/ 36 0 71/ 58 PC 75/ 52 T
Concord, N.H. 50/ 22 0.06 54/ 36 S 61/ 52 C
Dallas-Ft. Worth 85/ 69 0 84/ 66 PC 88/ 58 PC
Denver 68/ 44 0 69/ 44 C 72/ 44 PC
Des Moines 60/ 54 0 75/ 57 T 66/ 45 S
Detroit 54/ 36 0.02 62/ 58 R 73/ 49 T
El Paso 87/ 60 0.04 77/ 52 PC 80/ 56 S
Fargo 54/ 39 0 63/ 37 C 57/ 41 PC
Hartford 54/ 27 0.04 55/ 42 S 67/ 57 PC
Honolulu 86/ 72 0 86/ 74 S 86/ 74 S
Houston 89/ 70 0 89/ 71 PC 88/ 67 T
Indianapolis 60/ 42 0 77/ 61 PC 76/ 45 T
Jackson 86/ 60 0 88/ 65 S 82/ 61 T
Jacksonville 82/ 62 0 81/ 63 PC 83/ 65 PC
Kansas City 62/ 60 0 78/ 54 T 71/ 46 S
Key West 86/ 78 0 86/ 79 T 86/ 78 T
Las Vegas 71/ 59 0.12 77/ 63 S 83/ 63 S
Lexington 63/ 41 0.01 75/ 57 PC 75/ 51 T
Little Rock 80/ 63 0.19 85/ 68 PC 83/ 55 T
Los Angeles 70/ 56 0 77/ 60 S 85/ 63 S
Louisville 64/ 45 0.04 80/ 61 PC 77/ 49 T
Memphis 76/ 64 0.15 85/ 69 PC 82/ 59 T
Miami 87/ 76 0 87/ 77 T 87/ 77 T
Milwaukee 52/ 43 0 63/ 60 R 64/ 41 T
Mpls.-St. Paul 52/ 45 0 68/ 48 R 58/ 41 PC
Nashville 67/ 52 0.26 80/ 61 PC 77/ 56 T
New Orleans 86/ 67 0 87/ 71 S 85/ 68 PC
Norfolk 69/ 47 0 60/ 54 S 75/ 64 PC
Oklahoma City 80/ 66 0.13 82/ 55 T 83/ 55 S
Omaha 59/ 54 0 78/ 49 T 69/ 43 S
Orlando 85/ 67 0 86/ 69 PC 87/ 69 PC
Philadelphia 62/ 37 0 58/ 48 S 74/ 59 PC
Phoenix 79/ 61 0.10 83/ 65 S 92/ 67 S
Pittsburgh 54/ 31 0 65/ 54 PC 76/ 56 PC
Portland, Me. 53/ 27 0.06 52/ 38 S 60/ 55 R
Portland, Ore. 59/ 53 0.01 64/ 56 Sh 69/ 56 R
Providence 57/ 31 0.03 54/ 41 S 67/ 60 PC
Raleigh 73/ 44 0 68/ 45 S 76/ 58 PC
Reno 67/ 43 0.05 73/ 46 PC 76/ 48 PC
Richmond 70/ 39 0 62/ 46 S 75/ 59 PC
Rochester 47/ 28 0.13 55/ 48 R 71/ 53 C
Sacramento 69/ 51 0 77/ 53 PC 81/ 56 S
Salt Lake City 69/ 49 0.19 70/ 49 PC 70/ 51 PC
San Antonio 88/ 72 0 88/ 73 PC 85/ 66 T
San Diego 71/ 61 0.05 72/ 62 S 78/ 65 PC
San Francisco 64/ 54 0 67/ 57 PC 69/ 56 S
San Jose 65/ 53 0 72/ 57 PC 75/ 58 S
San Juan 90/ 78 0.49 89/ 78 Sh 89/ 79 Sh
Seattle 57/ 53 0.06 61/ 55 R 62/ 55 R
Sioux Falls 58/ 51 0 73/ 42 R 65/ 43 S
Spokane 67/ 50 0 64/ 49 C 59/ 49 R
St. Louis 66/ 56 0 82/ 65 PC 77/ 48 PC
St. Thomas 91/ 77 0.35 87/ 77 Sh 87/ 77 Sh
Syracuse 48/ 28 0.16 55/ 46 PC 67/ 54 C
Tampa 86/ 66 0 88/ 68 S 89/ 70 S
Toledo 54/ 33 0.02 63/ 57 PC 75/ 47 T
Tucson 77/ 52 0.09 78/ 55 S 87/ 61 S
Tulsa 77/ 66 0.32 80/ 59 T 81/ 52 S
Virginia Beach 69/ 48 0 62/ 55 S 75/ 63 PC
Washington 64/ 40 0 61/ 51 S 72/ 60 PC
Wichita 68/ 66 0.19 81/ 52 T 78/ 51 S
Wilmington, Del. 61/ 33 0 58/ 45 S 72/ 59 PC
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 81/ 64 0.34 77/ 58 Sh 79/ 59 S
Cairo 87/ 70 0 88/ 71 S 87/ 69 S
Cape Town 70/ 52 0 72/ 54 PC 72/ 59 PC
Dakar 89/ 76 0.14 88/ 78 T 89/ 76 S
Johannesburg 64/ 53 1.19 74/ 56 PC 75/ 56 PC
Nairobi 80/ 60 0.34 79/ 61 T 79/ 59 C
Tunis 86/ 69 0.22 74/ 63 T 78/ 67 S
Baghdad 98/ 76 0 92/ 68 S 95/ 70 S
Bangkok 92/ 78 0.18 93/ 77 Sh 92/ 76 Sh
Beijing 75/ 47 0 67/ 45 S 63/ 46 PC
Damascus 85/ 57 0 85/ 51 S 87/ 52 S
Hong Kong 86/ 71 0 85/ 74 S 86/ 76 Sh
Jakarta 92/ 76 0.11 92/ 76 T 92/ 75 C
Jerusalem 77/ 61 0 79/ 62 S 79/ 64 S
Karachi 90/ 77 0 90/ 74 S 89/ 74 S
Manila 90/ 77 0.23 88/ 79 T 89/ 75 PC
Mumbai 93/ 79 0 93/ 75 PC 95/ 77 PC
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 94/ 68 0 94/ 70 PC 94/ 68 PC
Riyadh 95/ 70 0 96/ 67 S 93/ 63 PC
Seoul 70/ 52 0 70/ 55 S 66/ 46 S
Shanghai 75/ 58 0 77/ 64 C 79/ 65 S
Singapore 88/ 77 0.56 87/ 77 T 88/ 79 T
Sydney 66/ 41 0.43 70/ 46 PC 70/ 46 PC
Taipei 77/ 68 0.01 81/ 69 PC 82/ 68 Sh
Tehran 81/ 68 0.04 77/ 59 S 73/ 58 S
Tokyo 71/ 63 0.04 73/ 60 S 73/ 64 C
Amsterdam 58/ 49 0.29 51/ 44 Sh 53/ 44 C
Athens 78/ 63 0 82/ 68 PC 84/ 67 S
Berlin 57/ 38 0.10 55/ 42 C 53/ 39 PC
Brussels 56/ 47 0.20 53/ 39 R 55/ 44 R
Budapest 61/ 41 0 64/ 46 C 64/ 47 PC
Copenhagen 53/ 42 0.03 45/ 43 R 50/ 45 Sh
Dublin 54/ 39 0.08 54/ 39 PC 52/ 37 PC
Edinburgh 51/ 45 0.47 48/ 41 R 52/ 34 Sh
Frankfurt 59/ 45 0.30 57/ 42 PC 51/ 46 C
Geneva 58/ 49 0.49 62/ 46 PC 58/ 47 PC
Helsinki 45/ 37 0 45/ 32 PC 46/ 36 R
Istanbul 73/ 57 0 75/ 65 Sh 77/ 65 PC
Kiev 48/ 39 0.04 50/ 46 PC 52/ 46 C
Lisbon 73/ 59 0 72/ 57 PC 73/ 55 Sh
London 59/ 49 0.01 55/ 45 Sh 54/ 45 PC
Madrid 72/ 54 0.08 70/ 48 PC 72/ 45 Sh
Moscow 48/ 39 0.30 46/ 36 PC 47/ 38 C
Nice 74/ 61 0.23 64/ 57 PC 70/ 58 R
Oslo 47/ 32 0 46/ 31 C 43/ 32 R
Paris 61/ 52 0.06 56/ 44 R 55/ 44 Sh
Prague 54/ 34 0.18 56/ 40 PC 54/ 39 PC
Rome 73/ 64 0.53 73/ 54 Sh 72/ 55 PC
St. Petersburg 44/ 36 0 45/ 35 PC 46/ 34 PC
Stockholm 46/ 32 0 46/ 37 PC 48/ 37 PC
Vienna 59/ 43 0.03 56/ 43 S 57/ 47 S
Warsaw 50/ 35 0 52/ 36 PC 54/ 40 C
Acapulco 90/ 77 0.18 90/ 76 T 90/ 75 PC
Bermuda 79/ 74 1.34 80/ 74 Sh 79/ 74 Sh
Edmonton 40/ 28 0 54/ 28 PC 58/ 37 PC
Guadalajara 82/ 58 0 81/ 59 T 83/ 59 T
Havana 86/ 70 0 88/ 72 S 87/ 71 T
Kingston 89/ 79 0.35 88/ 77 T 88/ 78 T
Martinique 87/ 78 1.21 90/ 76 R 90/ 74 R
Mexico City 74/ 52 0 77/ 52 T 78/ 48 PC
Monterrey 89/ 70 0 94/ 66 PC 87/ 67 PC
Montreal 46/ 37 0.09 50/ 41 PC 52/ 50 R
Nassau 88/ 77 0 87/ 78 PC 89/ 77 PC
Panama City 88/ 76 0.22 87/ 73 T 87/ 72 R
Quebec City 44/ 36 0.14 45/ 35 PC 43/ 41 R
Santo Domingo 89/ 73 0.07 89/ 73 T 89/ 73 Sh
Toronto 49/ 33 0.02 56/ 50 R 63/ 44 T
Vancouver 54/ 50 0.16 58/ 55 R 60/ 51 R
Winnipeg 49/ 23 0 57/ 35 PC 60/ 41 PC
Buenos Aires 68/ 54 0 72/ 59 S 74/ 61 PC
Caracas 93/ 76 0.09 92/ 76 T 93/ 77 T
Lima 70/ 58 0 69/ 57 C 68/ 57 PC
Quito 66/ 48 0.32 64/ 49 T 64/ 50 R
Recife 84/ 77 0.10 84/ 76 R 84/ 76 R
Rio de Janeiro 78/ 68 0.24 74/ 64 Sh 76/ 62 Sh
Santiago 72/ 48 0 70/ 46 S 64/ 43 T
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Wind will be from the northwest at 10-20 knots, then from the south at 6-12 knots. Waves will average 2-3 feet on the ocean and 1 foot or less feet on Long Island Sound, New York Harbor. Visibility excellent.
Atlantic City ................... 6:06 a.m. .............. 6:20 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet ................ 6:16 a.m. .............. 6:30 p.m.
The Battery .................... 6:55 a.m. .............. 7:06 p.m.
Beach Haven ................. 7:46 a.m. .............. 8:00 p.m.
Bridgeport ..................... 9:54 a.m. ............ 10:19 p.m.
City Island ...................... 9:48 a.m. ............ 10:12 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ................. 7:14 a.m. .............. 7:28 p.m.
Montauk Point ................ 7:38 a.m. .............. 7:57 p.m.
Northport ....................... 9:49 a.m. ............ 10:14 p.m.
Port Washington ............ 9:34 a.m. .............. 9:58 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................... 6:28 a.m. .............. 6:42 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet ............ 5:49 a.m. .............. 6:03 p.m.
Stamford ........................ 9:57 a.m. ............ 10:22 p.m.
Tarrytown ....................... 8:44 a.m. .............. 8:55 p.m.
Willets Point ................... 9:45 a.m. ............ 10:09 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 56/ 48 0
Metropolitan Forecast
...................................Sunny and cool
High 56. A large and strong high-pressure
center will move over the area. It will bring
sunshine, with lighter breezes than the
past two days. The air will be cool despite
the sunshine.
..........................Late night showers
Low 50. A warm front will move in from the
southwest, so it will not be as cold as last
night. The warm front will also cause
clouds to increase, and some areas will
have showers after midnight.
..................Clouds, sun, warmer
High 70. Clouds and showers associated
with the warm front will move to the north-
east throughout the day. South to south-
west breezes and some sunshine will
produce a warmer afternoon.
........................Warm, late showers
A cold front will approach from the west.
Ahead of the front, the day will be warm,
but there will be a few clouds and showers
later in the day or at night.
..............Cooler, windy Tuesday
Tuesday will be cooler, with gusty winds
and a mix of clouds and sunshine. The
high will be 64. Wednesday will be mostly
sunny, as high pressure moves over the
area. The high will be 63.
The weekend will bring great weather for
viewing the changing leaves. After a cool
start, much of the region will be bright and
sunny today. However, clouds will spread
into parts of New York and New England,
with rain moving across western New
York. Northern areas will also have some
rain tomorrow.
A crisp, cool day is in store for much of
the Atlantic Seaboard today. An abun-
dance of sunshine will give way to clouds
over the eastern Great Lakes. A flow from
the Atlantic Ocean will bring low clouds
and scattered showers to the eastern
Florida coast.
Meanwhile, a strengthening storm sys-
tem will bring severe weather to a large
part of the Plains. There could be a few
tornadoes in the system, from Iowa to Tex-
as. Rain will affect the central and western
Great Lakes to the northern Plains.
Dry, cool air will move to the east over
the deserts, while temperatures rebound
over California. Areas of clouds and rain
will affect the Northwest as a series of
storms continues to move in from the Pa-
cific Ocean.
SANTA CLARA, Calif. — In
this, the eighth chapter of The
Many Lives of Alex Smith, the
San Francisco quarterback leads
the league in passer rating, coolly
commands a high-scoring and
record-breaking offense, is
deemed such a local celebrity
that he tosses the ceremonial
first pitch of a baseball playoff se-
ries and talks football with the
president. All of that happened to Smith
in the past week. And when it
was pointed out to him that
Wednesday was the second anni-
versary of a game in which the
28,said. “This is a team game.
This isn’t just all of a sudden
something changed in me.”
Whatever it was, things could
not be more different for Smith.
His is the most stunning of career
resurrections. For most of eight seasons, he
was considered a problem, not a
solution. His erratic play was ex-
cused somewhat by the carousel
of unsuccessful coaches he en-
dured, but he was like gum on a
shoe. The 49ers could not quite
rid themselves of a player who
seemed to be slowing them down.
Even a season ago, when home fans booed him and
chanted for his replacement be-
cause they had seen far more
than enough of Smith for far too
many years, he let slip a sly
“There’s a lot of changes, from
the coaches to a lot of the players
around here, to myself,” Smith,
49ers’ Quarterback Replaces Himself
After years of
benchings, Smith
takes command.
Continued on Page D6
Generations of
runners have
competed in Van
Cortlandt Park
in the Bronx,
which is com-
memorating its
100th year as a
mecca for high
school cross-
country meets.
Page D5.
In Bronx
The Playoffs
It took well over a month of unrelenting high-
tension baseball, and five more games into the playoffs,
but the Yankees finally disposed of the Baltimore Ori-
Since Sept.3 they had been within a game of each
other in the standings for all but a
handful of days, and they battled
evenly right down to the last pos-
sible game. But in the end,the Yan-
kees separated themselves with the
one thing the Orioles could not
match: an undisputed, big-moment,
season-saving ace.
On a chilly afternoon that stretched into an even
cooler evening, C.C. Sabathia threwa complete game to
lead the Yankees to a 3-1 victory over the Orioles in
Game 5 of the teams’ American
League division series. “People thought they were
going to go away,and they
never went away,” Yankees
Manager Joe Girardi said. “I
am very proud of our club for
staying in it.”
So the Yankees, who
struggled so much to score
runs in the series that Girardi
wound up benching Alex Rod-
riguez for Game 5, ultimately
scored more than enough with
Sabathia on the mound. They
moved on to their third Ameri-
can League Championship Se-
ries in the last four years. The series starts Saturday
night at Yankee Stadium SABATHIA SEIZES THE DAY
C.C. Sabathia after retiring the Orioles’ J.J. Hardy with the bases loaded to end the eighth inning and protect a 3-1 lead.
Ace Pitcher Sends Yanks
To A.L.C.S. vs. Tigers
Continued on Page D3
Yankees win
series, 3-2 “I keep telling you guys,” Alex Rodriguez told re-
porters after batting practice Friday, “this is not a story
about one person.”
As usual, there was both truth and fiction in Rodri-
guez’s words. Of course Game 5 of the Yankees’ Ameri-
can League division series with the Balti-
more Orioles was not about him. How could
it be, when Manager Joe Girardi decided to
bench Rodriguez for the winner-take-all fi-
nale? The night, and the 3-1 victory, be-
longed to C.C. Sabathia.
On a grander scale, though, the Rodri-
guez story has deep meaning for the next half-decade of
Yankees baseball. Girardi, as a habit, dismisses players’
struggles by saying he believes in his guys. But in
pinch-hitting twice for the slumping Rodriguez this
week, and then leaving him out of the lineup, Girardi
Be bold and go for the victory, or be safe and risk a
loss? Girardi went for the former. In a week of personal
sadness, after the loss of his father to Alzheimer’s dis-
ease last Saturday, Girardi demonstrated extraordinary
leadership. Managing the egos of aging players is his
major test, and Girardi has passed. The Yankees owe Rodriguez, 37, at least $114 million
for the next five seasons. He can
still contribute to victories, just
not, perhaps, in the way the
Yankees expected when they
gave him the contract. He was 2
for 16 in the division series, with Time to Change
Expectations For Aging Slugger
Continued on Page D3
BASEBALL Detroit at Yankees
Doug Fister vs. Andy Pettitte
8 p.m. Saturday TV: TBS
A.L.C.S. Game 1
Fall Maestro
C. C. Sabathia is 7-1 in 12 postseason starts as a Yankee.
1-0 vs. Minnesota A.L.D.S.
2-0 vs. Los Angeles A.L.C.S.
0-1 vs. Philadelphia W.S.
1-0 vs. Minnesota A.L.D.S.
1-0 vs. Texas A.L.C.S
0-0 vs. Detroit
2-0 vs. Baltimore
Through it all, the Orioles reflected
the outlook of their uncharacteristi-
cally loose manager. Page D2.
Surprising Team,
Surprising Manager
Mark Teixeira, of all people, gave
the Yankees a huge lift with a stolen
base in the fifth inning.Page D2.
An Unexpected
Source of Speed
The Nationals took asix-run lead,
but the Cardinals scored late and
often to reach the N.L.C.S.Page D2.
Cardinals’ Rally Stuns Nationals
The door to the Baltimore Ori-
oles’ clubhouse was closed for
more than 15 minutes at the con-
clusion of Friday’s game, which is
a little longer than is customary.
When the door
opened, Manager
Buck Showalter
emerged to say he
had lost track of
the time.
“It’s always real
tough to talk to them in that situa-
tion,” Showalter said in the gray
concrete corridor beneath the
Yankee Stadium grandstand.
“Usually, there’s always another
game in the season. We’ve been
going like that for a while, saying
to each other, ‘Hey, there’s still
another game.’”
Perhaps no team in baseball
this year started with less but fin-
ished with more. And not many
teams found better ways to keep
the season alive for one more
game,either.The Orioles ran out
of last chances on Friday. The su-
perior pitching of C.C.Sabathia
and a somewhat awakened Yan-
kees lineup finally closed down
the Orioles’ astonishing run
through 2012. It was a thorough
3-1 victory for the home team, a
confirmation that the Yankees
were indeed a single game better
than Baltimore in the American
League division series;they were
two better in the East race.
It’s a sports cliché that there
can be only one winner of a game.
Sometimes it feels like no one
won. Sometimes it feels like both
sides won something. Friday at
the Stadium, it seemed very
much like the latter.
The Yankees, who needed
someone to expose the flaws in
their lineup and a homer-centric
approach that leaves them vul-
nerable in tight playoff games,
overcame a formidable and per-
sistent opponent. That should
make them better and more
aware of how they must adjust.
The Orioles, if they had not
proved it before, showed that
they are not a passing fad.They
did what few thought was possi-
ble, which is push the Yankees —
a team with every advantage in
talent, depth and financial re-
courses —to the brink of playoff
elimination. Their defeat in the
end cannot overshadow a season
of startling accomplishment for a
plucky team that repeatedly
showed aplomb and an irrepress-
ible resolve.
It’s easy to forget the unwor-
ried amusement that greeted the
Orioles’ quick start. Sure, they
were 22-12,but it was still April.
When they were still 10 games
over .500 in mid-June,no one
really expected them to dog the
Yankees for long.
But come September they were
still there, the constant thorn in
the side of the Yankees. Then
they were relegated to the wild-
card playoff game, which no one
expected them to win. But they
did. And then they were never ex-
pected to hang in to the end with
the Yankees in a five-game series.
But they did.
Matt Wieters, the superlative
catcher, called what he had seen
“a starting point.”
“This loss stings right now,but
I’m looking at where we’re go-
ing,” Wieters said. “The Yankees
were tough, especially tonight.
But I look past this game and I
see how we energized the people
of Baltimore about baseball
“Very few teams get this far.
And very few teams get to where
we want to go, but we think we’re
one of them.”
Showalter saw a team that
came together in ways others
might not have noticed.
“They became good team-
mates,” he said. “This has been
about as much fun as I have had
in the big leagues, just watching
how they play the game every
day. They set a standard,and
they held it up for themselves.”
In his past managerial stops,
Showalter took rosters made of
misaligned and disregarded parts
and with discipline and attention
to detail molded them into strong,
multi-faceted playoff teams, or
nearly so. The flip side, inferred
but never entirely substantiated,
was that his taskmaster side
wore out his troops.
Showalter will not confess to
having mellowed in Baltimore.
His players attest to the same.
But his overarching style is un-
questionably more relaxed. At 56,
he talks about the Orioles being
his last job. This season, he most-
ly asked his team to respect the
game and each other.
“All I did when I got here,” he
said when asked how he resur-
rected a dormant franchise, “is to
make sure people were being
held accountable. You see things
done wrong and you say: ‘Hey,
that’s not good enough.’
“And after you say it a few
times and show that you mean it,
then the players start policing
But Showalter, ever steely-
eyed and composed during
games, also seemed to imbue his
young charges with a tenacity
mixed with equanimity that
served the Orioles well in nearly
two months of pressure-packed
The tension in this series built
with each late inning. The Orioles
did not blink even when momen-
tum had clearly shifted toward
the Yankees. After Sabathia won
Game 1 and after Raul Ibanez’s
two dramatic home runs in Game
3, the Orioles won the next
As much as Yankees fans will
recall the Ibanez outburst as mi-
raculous, in Baltimore it was seen
as disastrous. But what happened
the next day?
The Orioles hung in for 13 in-
nings and 4 hours 31 minutes in
Game 4. Pitcher after pitcher —
seven in all —came out of the
bullpen during that game, hold-
ing in check a succession of Yan-
kees, including at least four likely
Hall of Famers. And then the Ori-
oles won another close game,
something they were doing in
April, and still doing in October.
“There are no Cinderellas in
baseball,” Showalter said before
Friday’s game. “We play too
many games. I give our guys
He was asked what he told his
team behind closed doors late
Friday but did not want to elabo-
“I did want them to think about
what’s next,” said Showalter,
looking wounded but not dis-
heartened. “There might not be
another game right now,but I did
not say goodbye to them either. I
said, ‘See ya later.’”
BASEBALL Ending as Winners
In All Ways but One
Showalter talks of
a team that is close to his heart. game, Teixeira said he talked
with the coaches about the possi-
bility of trying to steal. He seized
the chance to take a sizable lead,
ran on a second-pitch curveball
and easily beat an accurate throw
from Wieters.
“You talk about trusting your
players and their instincts,” Man-
ager Joe Girardi said. “He trust-
ed them, and he was right.”
The play jolted a little bit of life
into a pensive Yankee Stadium
crowd. Teixeira had just picked
up the team’s first hit of the
game, but managing to get him
around to score was a different
issue. The Yankees came into the
game hitting 6 for 28 with run-
ners in scoring position for the
series. Ibanez worked the count full
and, on the eighth pitch, ground-
ed a 3-2 slider from Hammel up
the middle. Teixeira raced around
Early in this American League
division series, Mark Teixeira no-
ticed that Orioles first baseman
Chris Davis would not hold him
on the bag when he reached first.
He considered stealing but never
felt spry enough to try. The left
calf strain that had cost him near-
ly all of September kept holding
him back.
In the fifth inning of Friday’s
game, though, Teixeira could not
let the opportunity pass. After a
leadoff single, he stole second,
putting a Yankee into scoring po-
sition for the first time all
evening. Six pitches later, Raul Ibanez
singled up the middle to score
Teixeira and give the Yankees a
1-0 lead.
“I was either going to be a hero
or a goat there,” Teixeira said.
“But I felt like we needed a
It was only the Yankees’ sec-
ond stolen base of the series,and
it could hardly have come from a
more unlikely source. Teixeira,
still feeling the effects of a Grade
1 calf strain, had swiped just two
bases all season, none since July
6 against Boston.For his career,
Teixeira has only 21 stolen bases,
and Friday gave him his first
postseason steal of his career.
As a team, Baltimore allowed
only 63 stolen bases all season,
fewest in the American League.
Their catcher, Matt Wieters, was
fourth in the majors,throwing
out 38.6 percent of potential base
stealers. Jason Hammel had al-
lowed only six stolen bases when
he was pitching this season.
So Orioles Manager Buck Sho-
walter elected again to hold Tei-
xeira on the bag. Before the
to score, giving the Yankees the
first run of the game.
Ibanez said the goal of his at-
bat changed with Teixeira in
scoring position with no outs.
“Any means necessary try to
get him to third base,” Ibanez
said. “If the ball goes through,
that’s even better. But once you
get to two strikes, you’re really
just battling, trying to stay in the
middle of the field and get the
guy over.”
Until a few weeks ago, it was
not clear how well Teixeira could
even jog. He missed 30 games af-
ter straining his left calf on Aug.
27,and aggravating it Sept. 8,
against the Orioles before return-
ing on Oct. 1,against the Red Sox.
When he came back, he admitted
the leg was not 100 percent,but
he said he would play through
any soreness.
Mark Teixeira, with two stolen bases all season, stole second in the fifth and scored on a hit by Raul Ibanez for a 1-0 Yankees lead.
Teixeira’s Stolen Base Gets the Yankees Moving
In a division series mostly no-
table for the large number of star
sluggers who were rendered in-
capable of hitting, the Baltimore
Orioles could not have asked for
more from Nate McLouth. But in
two key at-bats of Game 5, he
came up short against C.C.
Sabathia. McLouth, who hit .318 in the se-
ries, nearly tied the game in the
sixth inning, crushing a 3-1 fast-
ball to right field that was imme-
diately ruled foul by the right-
field umpire Fieldin Culbreth.
Replays quickly morphed into
a baseball version of the Zaprud-
er film, with debates raging over
the Internet of whether the ball
hit the foul pole for a home run.
It was close enough to prompt
Manager Buck Showalter to ask
for a review. After looking at the
video for only a few minutes, the
umpires upheld the call. The controversy was stoked by
the TBS broadcaster Craig Sager,
who interviewed an usher in Sec-
tion 207, near the foul pole, about
the play. The usher said the ball
hit the pole. Sager, holding the
ball, pointed out that it did not
have yellow paint on it,and the
fans surrounding him all said the
ball was foul.
Twitter soon buzzed with Ori-
oles fans claiming that repeated
replays showed the ball deflected
off the pole. If it did, the path of
the ball barely changed, which
would make it difficult for the
umpires to overturn the call.
Culbreth did not believe there
was any ambiguity to the call.
“I saw it go to the right of the
pole,” Culbreth said in a state-
ment. “There is netting there and
it didn’t touch the netting. It did
not change direction.”
“Things like that happen,”
McLouth said. “I can’t totally
speak on it because I have not
seen the replay. When I was
watching it,I honestly thought it
was foul. I couldn’t tell if it hit the
pole or not. But they watched the
replay and they didn’t think so.”
Orioles fans can be forgiven if
they are unwilling to accept the
result. The team still has bad
memories of the 12-year-old Yan-
kee fan Jeffrey Maier interfering
with Orioles right fielder Tony
Tarasco and giving Derek Jeter a
disputed home run in the 1996
When play resumed, Sabathia
struck out McLouth on the next
pitch, ending the inning.
McLouth got another chance to
be the hero in the eighth, batting
with the bases loaded, one out
and the score 3-1. He struck out.
“That last at-bat was the key
at-bat of the game,” McLouth
said. “I missed my pitch 0-1. He
gave me a fastball and I fouled it
back. He made a really good
pitch 1-2 and I couldn’t come
Showalter agreed that the not-
a-home-run call was less impor-
tant than the other opportunities
the team wasted.“We have a
good system in place to keep
those things from affecting the
game,” he said of the review of
the play. “Someone said it nicked
the pole, but that didn’t beat us.”
Orioles Miss Their Chances,
Including Close Call in Sixth
Orioles Manager Buck Showalter argued with the umpires on a
ball that he said hit the foul pole in the sixth inning. By ANDREW KEH
WASHINGTON — A feeling of
joyous inevitability coursed
through the ballpark here on Fri-
day night. The Washington Na-
tionals, it seemed, would advance
from this Na-
League divi-
sion series in
a cakewalk.
That feel-
ing lasted all of three innings. Af-
ter romping to a six-run lead over
the St. Louis Cardinals, the Na-
tionals spent the final two-thirds
of the game slinking and shim-
mying and ultimately failing to
keep hold of it. The Cardinals, no
strangers to adverse conditions
and big occasions, kept up a
steady and tantalizing trickle of
runs before exploding for four in
the final inning to complete a
spectacular 9-7 victory at Nation-
als Park. The Nationals spent all but a
handful of days during the reg-
ular season atop the National
League East. For the second year
in a row, the Cardinals have
knocked down the team with
baseball’s best record in the first
round after sneaking into the
playoffs on the last possible day.
The evening reached its peak
in the ninth, as Drew Storen,
pitching with a 7-5 lead, experi-
enced a painful implosion. He
gave up an inning-opening dou-
ble to Carlos Beltran, and after
getting the next two outs, walked
the next two batters. Daniel Des-
calso lined a single up the middle
to tie the game. The ballpark then
fell silent when Pete Kozma lined
a single to right to add two more.
Half an inning later, the Cardi-
nals streamed onto the field, cele-
brating in eerie quiet. The night began so differently.
The crowd — announced at
45,966, a new high for Nationals
Park — roared as General Martin
E. Dempsey, the chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, threw out
the ceremonial first pitch. Five
minutes before the start of the
game, Gio Gonzalez walked in
from the Nationals’ bullpen ac-
companied to a rhythmic cre-
scendo of chanting — “Gio, Gio,
Gio” — that would reverberate
throughout the game. Then Da-
vid Gregory, the host of “Meet
the Press” and a regular at Na-
tionals Park, appeared on the
jumbo screen, eyes wide, and
yelled, “Let’s play ball!” as he
pumped his fists twice above his
head. The Nationals kept their fans
bouncing. Jayson Werth, the
home run hero of Game 4, opened
the game with a double and
scored when Bryce Harper
crushed a triple off the center-
field wall. Red rally towels
twirled as Ryan Zimmerman
stepped to the plate and pounded
a two-run homer just over the
high wall in right-center field.
The early romp continued
when Harper, who entered the
game hitting .056 this postseason,
led off the third inning with a tow-
ering home run into the right-
field stands. Two batters later,
Michael Morse belted a two-run
homer into the visitors’ bullpen
in left field. That put the Na-
tionals up, 6-0, and ended the
night for Adam Wainwright, who
left the mound with an unseemly
final line: two and one-third in-
nings, seven hits, six earned runs
and five strikeouts.
Gonzalez cruised at first amid
the buzz and commotion, allow-
ing just a pair of soft singles dur-
ing his first three innings. But he
allowed a run-scoring double to
Matt Holliday in the fourth, and
truly lost his way during an ugly
36-pitch fifth.
He bent over in frustration that
inning after walking Shane Rob-
inson to load the bases with no
outs. Gonzalez induced a sliced
liner from Jon Jay for the first
out, but then bounced a wild
pitch, letting Daniel Descalso
score from third. He walked Bel-
tran, loading the bases again, and
after he fielded Matt Holliday’s
soft grounder and threw home
for the second out, he walked Al-
len Craig, pounding his glove in
frustration as Robinson walked
home. The third out came, finally,
when Yadier Molina flied out to
right to leave the bases loaded.
Gonzalez was finished for the
night, likely aware that, after a
long, messy inning, things could
have been worse.
The Nationals then turned to
their bullpen looking for 12 outs,
and after easing through the
sixth, they encountered friction
again in the seventh. Edwin Jack-
son, who tossed five shaky in-
nings on Wednesday as the Game
3 starter, gave up a run when
Holliday’s bouncer to shortstop
brought Jay home from third.
The Cardinals then inched within
one run in the eighth, when Des-
calso arced a solo home run off
Tyler Clippard to open the inning. The Nationals fans let out
more of a collective exhale than a
cheer when Kurt Suzuki slapped
a run-scoring single to center in
the eighth, restoring a two-run
cushion. But the exhales turned
to gasps in the ninth. JONATHAN ERNST/REUTERS
The Cardinals stunned the Nationals by scoring four runs in the ninth to return to the N.L.C.S.
In Repeat of 2011, Cardinals Rally After Being Down to Their Final Strike Twice
St. Louis wins
series, 3-2
against the Detroit Tigers, the
team that beat them in a division
series last year. Sabathia won’t be available to
pitch again until Game 4, or per-
haps Game 3 on short rest. But
the Tigers won’t be able to use
Justin Verlander, their ace, in the
first two games, either. Verlander
pitched a complete-game shutout
Thursday in the Tigers’ Game 5
victory over the Oakland Athlet-
Andy Pettitte will face Doug
Fister in Game 1, and the Yan-
kees may use David Phelps in
Game 2 against Anibal Sanchez.
Hiroki Kuroda is likely to start
Game 3 against Verlander.
Sabathia pitched well on short
rest during the Yankees’ run to
the 2009 World Series title, but he
threw 120 pitches in Game 1 of the
Baltimore series and 121 in Game
5, two of the Yankees’ three wins
against the Orioles. “Remember when everyone
was saying there was something
wrong with him?” Derek Jeter
said, referring to Sabathia’s
struggles with injuries and con-
trol in the second half of the sea-
son. “He came out and did what
he does. He battles. He wants to
be in these situations,and we
couldn’t have asked him to do
Girardi said he needed more
time to devise his plan for the
next round, which starts without
a day off between series under
this year’s format. Still, it all had
to be especially satisfying for Gi-
rardi, who experienced emotional
lows and highs throughout the
On the trip to Baltimore the
day before Game 1,he learned
that his father, Jerry, had died
from advanced Alzheimer’s dis-
ease. Then he made a monumen-
tal managerial decision when he
pinch-hit Raul Ibanez for Rodri-
guez in the ninth inning of Game
3,and Ibanez hit a game-tying
home run.(Ibanez smacked the
game-winning homer three in-
nings later.) On Friday, Girardi
decided to bench Rodriguez alto-
He also let Sabathia pitch eight
and two-thirds innings in Game 1,
then go the distance in Game 5.
But those decisions were not dif-
ficult with Sabathia.“It’s what I
am here for,” Sabathia said. “It’s
what I play the game for. I guess
I should feel a little pressure or
something, but I don’t.”
The Yankees, who managed
only one run in 13 innings in
Game 4, scored a run each in the
fifth, sixth and seventh innings to
finally give their starting pitcher
a lead to protect. Mark Teixeira
singled in the fifth, brazenly stole
second and then scored on Iba-
nez’s base hit. The Orioles almost got it back
in the top of the sixth on Nate
McLouth’s deep drive down the
right-field line. It appeared that
the ball went foul by only a few
centimeters, and was ruled that
way. The Orioles argued, saying
the ball grazed the pole, but after
the umpires reviewed it,they up-
held their original call.
It was the hardest ball the Ori-
oles hit all game, but for the Yan-
kees it just turned into a long,
scary strike. After the delay,
McLouth stood back into the box,
and Sabathia struck him out with
one additional pitch. The Yankees added a run in the
sixth when Jeter walked and
scored on Ichiro Suzuki’s double.
Curtis Granderson homered into
the second deck in right field in
the seventh, his first extra-base
hit of the series.
It seemed as if that would be
more than enough with Sabathia
dominating with his slider and
displaying impeccable command
of his fastball. But the Orioles
scored a run in the eighth and
then loaded the bases with one
out. Suddenly the outcome was in
some doubt.
But Sabathia struck out
McLouth, then watched as Jeter
charged J.J. Hardy’s soft ground-
er and made a pinpoint throw to
Teixeira at first to end the threat,
and the inning. Sabathia pumped
his fist,and Jeter, without break-
ing stride, raised his fist as he ran
into the dugout.
“I was leading off the next in-
ning,” Jeter said, “so I had to get
in there pretty quick.”
The Orioles, one of baseball’s
most surprising teams, go home
after a valiant season in which
they shadowed the Yankees al-
most game for game and win for
win over the final month of the
season. But try as they did, they
never could pass the Yankees,
who won 12 of the 23 games the
teams played this season.
Showalter, the former Yankee
manager who led Baltimore so
deep into the season, said he had
more fun with this team than any
he had managed, and gave an
emotional speech to his players
after the game.
“I am not going to go into what
I said to them,” he said, “but I am
sure they now think it’s a little
tougher on me than them.”
But no one was tougher than
Sabathia, which was why the
Yankees survived and the Orioles
didn’t. Sabathia Seizes Day and Sends Yankees to Next Round
Curtis Granderson, right, after hitting a homer in the seventh against Orioles reliever Troy Patton, building the lead to 3-0.Granderson had two hits after going 1 for 16 in the first four games.
From First Sports Page
Ace’s Complete Game Vanquishes Orioles After Back-and-Forth Division Series KATHY WILLENS/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Manager Joe Girardi, with Derek Jeter, left,and Granderson af-
ter the game, made the moves the Yankees needed to reach
their third A.L.championship series in four seasons.
Winning Line
C.C. Sabathia’s pitching line from Game 5 on Friday.
9 1 4 9 2
nine strikeouts, and seems to
have lost his ability to hit fast-
balls, and right-handers.
But the Yankees advanced,
anyway, to an A.L.Championship
Series with the Detroit Tigers
and their four right-handed start-
ers. Rodriguez is 1 for 9 in his ca-
reer (playoffs included) against
Doug Fister, Detroit’s Game 1
starter, but Girardi did not di-
vulge any plans after Friday’s
“I usually say I am going to
worry about one day at a time,”
he said. “I am going to worry
about tonight, and I’ll have a line-
up for you tomorrow.”
Girardi, who used Eric Chavez
at third on Friday, said that Rod-
riguez was not hurt, even though
he missed all of August with a
broken hand. He was just strug-
gling, Girardi said, which all play-
ers do sometimes. But stars of Rodriguez’s stat-
ure rarely pay for it with an Octo-
ber benching. Billy Martin fa-
mously sat Reggie Jackson in the
decisive fifth game of the 1977
A.L.C.S., but that was part of a
broader personal rift. And Jack-
son was 31 years old, far from fin-
Pete Rose, who has been one of
Rodriguez’s many mentors, was
benched for Game 3 of the 1983
World Series. Rose, who would
soon break the career hits record,
said he was hurt and embar-
rassed, but he was 42, and the
Philadelphia Phillies did not sign
him after the season.
Rodriguez’s staggering con-
tract probably makes him a Yan-
kee for life. A deal to trade him
would require his approval, and
the Yankees would have to in-
clude so much money that the no-
tion is a fantasy, at least for now.
The bonus clauses for home run
milestones —$6 million each for
660, 714, 755, 762 and 763 —bind
him even tighter to the Bronx.
Girardi is not going anywhere,
either, and now his relationship
with Rodriguez will be dissected
as never before. Joe Torre batted
Rodriguez eighth in the final
game of the 2006 playoffs, but
Rodriguez followed that snub by
winning the Most Valuable Play-
er award the next season. If Gi-
rardi gets half of that production
in 2013, he should be thrilled.
“The strongest relationships
are always relationships that go
through some struggles,” Girardi
said, adding later, “If things have
to be, you know, built back up, we
can do that. I have had to do that
before. So I don’t worry about
that. I have got to worry about to-
Rodriguez did not directly an-
swer when asked if he were un-
happy with Girardi. “It’s never about Joe,” he said.
“I always have to look in the mir-
ror and do what I can do to do the
best I can.”
On his future relationship with
Girardi, Rodriguez said:“I’m not
going to get into that. We’re
ready to go tonight.”
Rodriguez has woven such a
complex Yankees legacy that his
words carry little meaning. He is
forever seeking the proper, pro-
found thing to say, instead of just
stating what he feels.Most peo-
ple have fixed opinions of him by
now, anyway, and all that matters
is how he plays.
That question is fascinating
enough. It is never wise to bet
against resurgence from an all-
time great; Derek Jeter, assumed
to be in irreversible decline early
last season, has shown that.
Yet there is little encouraging
evidence on Rodriguez’s side. His
slugging percentage has dropped
in each of the past five seasons,
tumbling this year to .430 —just
one point better than Jeter’s. Ac-
cording to baseball-refer-, Rodriguez brought the
Yankees just two more wins this
season than a replacement play-
er would have.
He helps the team in other
ways, still. He is a savvy base
runner with a good walk rate and
a terrific arm at third base. He hit
18 home runs this season. He
takes time to help younger team-
Imagine a player who did all
those things, without the out-
rageous salary. He would still be
useful. The Yankees cannot
change what they owe Rodri-
guez, but Girardi may have done
him a favor this week. Three
nights in a row, with the season
on the line, he told the world that
Rodriguez was not a superstar
and would no longer be treated
like one.
The expectations may never
change for Rodriguez. But after
this week, they should.
Alex Rodriguez, 2 for 16 with nine strikeouts in the division series, was benched for Game 5. Zach Schonbrun contributed re-
From First Sports Page
Aging Slugger,
New Expectations
Astaggering contract
is becoming tougher
to justify.
CHESHIRE, Conn. — Just off
Route 10, past the sleepy trickle
of antique shops and green-
houses, rests a flat expanse of
cabbage patches, tomato rows
and cornfields — the staple crops
since 1956 at Pasqualoni Farm.
On many early fall weekend
mornings, Paul Pasqualoni would
drive his family’s produce truck
to markets in New Haven. He was hard-nosed and seri-
ous, and when he became a phys-
ical education teacher at his alma
mater, Cheshire High School, in
the early 1970s, colleagues teased
him for forgetting to cash the
checks he stashed in the top
drawer of his desk.
He could not care less about
the money, it seemed. He did not
mind the extra work either, since
the deliveries never conflicted
with kickoffs. By the afternoons,
Pasqualoni would be on the side-
line, beginning as an assistant
coach for the Cheshire High
freshman team, building the base
for a football career that is now in
its fifth decade. “His mind-set was, I am going
to be a football coach for the rest
of my life,” said Ralph Zingarella,
who coached the freshman team
with him at Cheshire. “I heard
him more than once say, ‘It’s the
only thing I want to do.’”
On Saturday in a Big East
clash, Pasqualoni, now the coach
at Connecticut, faces his protégé,
Steve Addazio, the second-year
coach at Temple, for the first
time. Addazio, who coached the
varsity team at Cheshire from
1988 to 1994, began his career un-
der Pasqualoni at Western Con-
necticut State in 1985 and later
joined him as an offensive line
coach at Syracuse from 1995-98. “My coaching philosophy and
my style, a lot of different things,
were really emulated off Coach
P,” Addazio said. “I wouldn’t be
where I am without him.”
It was Pasqualoni who recom-
mended that Addazio apply for
Cheshire’s head-coaching vacan-
cy. Addazio had stepped away
from football, joining a firm on
Wall Street, before deciding he
wanted to return to coaching. He
called Pasqualoni, then an assist-
ant at Syracuse, about jobs.
“My alma mater has an open-
ing,” Pasqualoni said.
“Penn State?” Addazio asked.
“No,” Pasqualoni said. “Chesh-
Addazio grew up in nearby
Farmington, but Cheshire had
minimal appeal. The coach’s of-
fice was 10-by-10, and shared with
the basketball coach. The locker
room was the one Pasqualoni had
used as a player in the 1960s. At-
tendance at games could often be
counted by hand.
But four years later, Addazio’s
team won the first of three con-
secutive state titles.
“I’ve been through some great
experiences in college football —
national championships, B.C.S.
bowl wins, but that win was as
special as any of them,” Addazio
said. “That was a tremendous
feeling matching against any in
terms of football.”
It was the beginning of a foot-
ball dynasty — at one point Adda-
zio’s teams won a state-record 49
consecutive games — and its
roots could be traced back dec-
ades, to when Pasqualoni re-
turned home after playing for Joe
Paterno at Penn State. He ap-
plied to become a physical educa-
tion teacher; his true vocation
was football.
Even as a first-year assistant
for the freshmen, Pasqualoni
took his work seriously. On Sun-
days, he and Zingarella watched
hours of film on the white-tile
walls of the locker roomshowers.
“There was no light in there,”
Zingarella said. Pasqualoni brought terminol-
ogy and coverage schemes he
picked up at Penn State and
transferred them into the high
school game. More than once, the
23-year-old Pasqualoni would get
on the field and demonstrate
tackling technique himself. At the same time, he taught,
worked at his parents’ farm,
owned a Subway shop in South-
ington, and even coached junior
varsity basketball.
“His first basketball game that
he coached with the freshmen, I
think they scored 14 points,” said
Nick Carparelli, a Cheshire bas-
ketball coach for more than 40
years. “He was so defensive-ori-
ented he didn’t even realize,
geez, we’ve got to score, too!”
Despite never becoming the
head coach at Cheshire, teachers
and coaches recall that Pasqualo-
ni changed the community’s
mind-set toward football, which
became a rallying point for the
town. During Addazio’s best
years, blankets and chairs filled
the grassy areas along the end
zones because the stands were
full. “The kickoff wouldn’t be until 7
p.m., but you had to get here by
5:30,” said Steve Trifone, an as-
sistant under Addazio and now
Cheshire’s athletic director. “It
became an event.”
Even at Syracuse, Pasqualoni
regularly called to check on
Cheshire’s scores. He kept close
tabs on how Addazio, his former
pupil, was doing.
“He’s always been a high-ener-
gy, very positive, very motiva-
tional, give-everything-you-have
kind of coach,” Pasqualoni said of
Addazio. “There was no question
he had the skill set and the ability
to be a very good head coach at
this level.”
Indeed, it would not be long be-
fore Addazio’s success at Chesh-
ire earned him a spot on Pasqua-
loni’s staff at Syracuse in 1995. He
went on to coach at Notre Dame,
Indiana and Florida before being
hired to lead Temple’s transition
back into the Big East in 2011.
Now he is gearing up for a re-
union he cannot deny takes on
added meaning — a matchup be-
tween two like-minded football
lifers, linked through Cheshire. “Those were honestly great
days,” Addazio said. “There were
times during my career where I
thought I could’ve stayed there
forever and had a heck of a life.”
With Big East as Backdrop, Connecticut Coach Faces His Protégé
Temple Coach Steve Addazio began his college coaching career
in 1985 under Paul Pasqualoni at Western Connecticut State.
Saturday is the halfway point
of the regular season for most of
the nation. Sixteen Football Bowl
Subdivision teams remain un-
beaten, including one that has not
been 5-0 since 2002.
No. 7 Notre
Dame is the only team in the
country that has yet to trail in
any game this season, led by an
asphyxiating defense featuring
linebacker Manti Te’o and tackle
Stephon Tuitt. The unit has sur-
rendered only three touchdowns,
as Coach Brian Kelly has instilled
a Jim Harbaugh-like sense of
toughness and mission in the
Irish. Were Andrew Luck still
quarterbacking No. 17 Stanford,
the Cardinal might better exploit
the Irish’s only defensive weak-
ness, a secondary weakened by
injuries. But Josh Nunes is at the
helm in Palo Alto now, and the
leading receiver Ty Montgomery
is hobbled. Look for Notre Dame
to be halfway to an unbeaten sea-
son after this one.
DALLAS DRAMA For once, the Red
River Rivalry takes place without
either No. 15 Texas or No. 13
Oklahoma being one of the top
two teams in the Big 12. West Vir-
ginia and Kansas State have
usurped the traditional big boys,
but this annual collision at the
Texas State Fair in Dallas will be
interesting as always. Darrell
Royal and Barry Switzer would
be appalled, but both the Long-
horns and the Sooners will want
to sling it around behind quarter-
backs David Ash and Landry
Jones. Seven of the top 16 teams
in yards per play are in the Big
12, meaning any team that finds
an answer on defense will be fa-
vored to win the conference.
In a few hours Satur-
day, the title of “Best Southeast-
ern Conferenceteam not based in
Tuscaloosa” was yanked from No.
9 Louisiana Stateand handed to
No. 3 South Carolina. Les Miles
and his fellow coaches clearly
have little confidence in quarter-
backZach Mettenberger, given
the Paleolithic game planthe Ti-
gers deployed at Florida in a 14-6
loss straight out of 1972. Mean-
while, Steve Spurrier’s team
looked dangerous on both sides of
the ball in demolishing Georgia,
in particular quarterback Connor
Shaw, who received a tenth of
Mettenberger’s preseason hype
but has been sensational by air
and ground. This game will fea-
ture two epic defensive fronts,
and L.S.U.’s battered offensive
line may struggle to contain Jade-
veon Clowney, who ought to play
in the Pro Bowl instead of a bowl
game at year’s end. Still, home-
field advantage has been critical
so far this season, and
35-1 in Saturday night games in
Death Valley under Miles.
An hour after
L.S.U.kicks off, another night
game will light up the Bayou
State. In Ruston, near the Arkan-
sas border, the Bulldogs of No. 23
Louisiana Tech, 5-0 and averag-
ing more than 50 points a game,
will tangle with No. 22 Texas
A&M, which will bring a one-man
rural electrification project in the
form of quarterback Johnny Man-
ziel. The Aggies are fresh off a
thrilling win in Oxford, Miss.,that
would make the local dramatist
John Grisham shake his head in
disbelief. This game is the make-
up of the season opener, which
was postponed byHurricane
Isaac. There should be a gale of
points, probably more in the first
quarter than the folks in Baton
Rouge will see in 60 minutes.
Notre Dame
Texas A&M quarterback
Johnny Manziel will face un-
defeated Louisiana Tech.
TUSCALOOSA, Ala. — No one
would give Barrett Jones a
straight answer,and this visibly
bothered him. Jones, the Alabama center,
wore clean khaki pants and a
crisp button-down shirt, with his
blond hair neatly swept across
his forehead. It was midmorning
recently, as Jones and Josh Max-
son, Alabama’s associate com-
munications director, drove to a
speaking engagement that Jones
still did not fully comprehend. Jones had stopped athletic de-
partment staff members for de-
tails. No one knew or would say.
Jones knew he would speak for
about three minutes to students
with CrossingPoints, a university
program that helps special needs
students. That was the truth, but
not the whole truth. Maxson’s
vagueness had tipped Jones that
there had to be more. They arrived, and Jones burst
into the room smiling. There
were television cameras in the
back of the classroom, and when
he saw them he tugged on his
shirt, and then spoke of adversity,
how Alabama had overcome it to
beat Louisiana State for last sea-
son’s national championship. The students loved it. They ap-
plauded and whooped, and, when
he was finished, a CrossingPoints
supervisor calmed them and
said, “Barrett, we have a special
surprise for you as well.”
Jones’s face turned red. His
hand on his hip, he looked as he
had in the car. “I’m nervous,” he
said. “I don’t like surprises.”
His younger brothers will tell
you that the reason Jones now
plays center, his third position in
three years, is so he can boss the
entire offensive line. If Harrison,
a teammate at Alabama, and
Walker, who is committed there
as well, ever mis-stepped, Jones
often corrected them before their
father could. They will tell you
that Jones did it for their own
good. In meetings, Jones sits in the
same chair, keeps his notes on
the same side of his desk and his
pen in the same spot, said Chance
Warmack, Alabama’s left guard,
who often takes Jones’s pen to
elicit a reaction. Jones had been comfortable,
winning separate national cham-
pionships starting at right guard
and left tackle, positions with
their own intelligence, discipline
and footwork. “It’s like tying your
shoes with your left hand if
you’re right-handed,” Warmack
said. In that sense Jones has be-
come ambidextrous, considered
among the best — at guard,then
tackle,and now center — without
what others would consider
enough sufficient time to master
the intricacies.
“He has the size, and the make-
up, and the ability to really play
any position on the offensive line,
and he has the adaptability to do
it,too,” said his coach, Nick
Saban, who has called Jones
among the top five players he has
coached. “And he has the psycho-
logical disposition that it doesn’t
bother him.” Jones had been a stout, de-
pendable right guard, which re-
quired a quick first step, strong
hands and cunning wit. Jones
blocked defensive tackles out-
weighing him by 20 to 30 pounds
in tight quarters, as if in a tele-
phone booth. He started every
game as a redshirt freshman in
2009, and Alabama won a na-
tional championship.
He played another season at
right guard, but when James Car-
penter was taken in the first
round of the N.F.L. draft, Saban
asked Jones to take his spot at
left tackle. Jones relished the
challenge. Jones blocked the opponents’
best athletes — defensive ends
who lined up wide of him and ran
like linebackers — with no help,
knowing that if he were to fail, his
quarterback would be blindsided.
If he backpedaled, he would lose
ground. If he turned and ran out
wide, he would lose the race. It
was not natural, but like most
great tackles, he trained to point
his left toe to the sideline and his
right toe upfield, and kick-slide
out and back at an angle. “It’s like a math game in your
head,” Jones said. “You’re trying
to think, how wide is he? Where’s
the quarterback? So where’s the
closest point I can meet him?” Jones won the Outland Trophy,
awarded to the nation’s best inte-
rior lineman, and Alabama won
another national championship.
But when William Vlachos, a
three-year starter at center, grad-
uated and the young, talented left
tackle Cyrus Kouandjio proved
himself ready, Saban asked Jones
to move to center.
Only now, five games into his
fifth-year senior season, is Jones
comfortable there.
Well before he gets in his
stance, Jones has studied and
memorized the defense’s forma-
tions and schemes, depending on
how Alabama is aligned. He calls
out a blocking combination — us-
ing about 100 code words — and
echoes the call to his guards and
tackles. On running plays, Jones desig-
nates the “Mike,” traditionally,
but not always,the middle line-
backer. Whichever defender it is,
and whichever blocking scheme
is called to stop him, affects each
blocker’s assignment and move-
ment. Jones will tell you that absorb-
ing difficult material as an ac-
counting major trained him to
calculate and extrapolate on the
field. He graduated with a 4.0
G.P.A. in June and is working to-
ward his master’s in accounting. In a road game,when opposing
crowds make it difficult to hear
snap counts, he bends and looks
between his knees waiting for
quarterback A.J. McCarron to lift
his leg, letting him know to hike
the ball. In those few seconds
with his head down, defenses
shift, either disguising or reveal-
ing their true positioning.
“I hate that,” Jones said.
“They’re just never sitting still.” But the Alabama guards, like
Warmack, communicate adjust-
ments so he is not entirely sur-
prised. With his head down,
Jones hears the new code words
and envisions how the defense
has changed. His mother will tell you that
Jones developed discipline while
learning the violin at 3 at his Bap-
tist church in suburban Mem-
phis. Until he turned 13, he prac-
ticed for about an hour a day, po-
sitioning the violin and his body
correctly as he played music by
Beethoven and Bach. In high school, Jones brought
his violin on local mission trips,
but now he plays only when
someone challenges him. Shortly after an earthquake in
Haiti in 2010, Jones spent his
spring break there. He returned
in 2011 and helped build a basket-
ball court with his family. This
past spring, he visited three
schools and an orphanage in Nic-
aragua, with about 30 family
members and friends, teaching
religion and playing with the chil-
It was hardest in 2010, when he
and a few friends flew into the
Dominican Republic and rode in
the back of a truck into Haiti to
help. The roads were dusty and
rocky, so they wore masks and
stood for about seven hours, be-
cause it was too uncomfortable to
sit. Each time Jones snaps the ball
and lifts his head, there may be a
defender six inches from his face.
But once the ball is snapped,
Jones immediately shuffles back-
ward, buying himself a split sec-
ond to see the realigned defense
and gain his bearings. His father,Rex,will tell you
that Jones polished his footwork
playing basketball. Standing 6
feet 5 inches as an eighth grader,
Jones could pivot by defenders.
When he stopped growing, Jones
focused on football. From then
on, he would do his job:the quar-
terback would throw a touch-
down pass, the crowd would go
wild, and Jones’s skill would go
mostly unnoticed. In the classroomwith the Cros-
singPoints students, about 40 stu-
dents, Alabama fans, news media
members, and others watched
Jones squirm. Seconds felt like
minutes until Jay Barker, the
quarterback of Alabama’s 1992
national championship team,
opened the door and announced
that Jones had been named to the
All State AFCA Good Works
Team for his community service.
Only 11 players nationwide made
the team. “Thanks, I’m very grateful,”
Jones said. “I don’t think this is
why you should do community
... ” The students cheered and
cut him off, though he did not
Afterward, seeming more at
ease, Jones said: “I love serving,
and I also love sharing my faith. I
love doing that kind of stuff. It
really is a big part of who I am
and something I plan on doing
my whole life.” As they walked back to the car,
Jones chided Maxson for not
warning him.
“That’s why they call it a sur-
prise, Barrett,” Maxson said with
a laugh. Jones shook his head. Skilled at Seeing Surprises,Player Misses One Off Field
Alabama center Barrett Jones has had to adapt quickly to different positions. Off the field, he
volunteers, as he did in 2011 in Haiti, above left. As a former violinist, he learned discipline.
Fifty years ago this fall, my running
career began the way most do in New
York, with a trip to Van Cortlandt Park
in the Bronx for a high school cross-
country race. It was an inauspicious de-
but to say the least. My 1962-63 racing
diary from junior year at Sheepshead
Bay High in Brooklyn contains this
comment about a team time trial on the
2.5-mile course: “Stopped five times.
First time on course. Terrible experi-
I actually wrote those words 50 years
ago: terrible experience. Yet I have run
at Van Cortlandt every year since and
found it to be a wellspring of athletic pu-
rity and a touchstone of grace and em-
powerment, as have thousands of other
runners. My time that day was an em-
barrassing 21 minutes 50 seconds. I im-
proved by about four minutes in ’62 —
and completed the course without stop-
ping — but never broke out of what the
Public Schools Athletic League then
designated the “scrub” division, sort of
a third-string junior varsity.
“C’mon, Bloom, blossom!” my coach,
Richard Lerer, would call out as I
charged the opening flats and into the
notorious back hills. Blossom I did not.
But the honesty and even spiritual qual-
ity of a hard-fought cross-country race
found a place in my heart, and over the
decades little that happened at Van
Cortlandt eluded my embrace.
Van Cortlandt, established as a park
in 1888,is commemorating its 100th
year as a mecca for high school cross-
country meets, like Saturday’s huge
Manhattan College Invitational, cur-
rently the park’s signature event;col-
lege meets;the IC4A;N.C.A.A.champi-
onships and United States nationals;
and age-group and adult races.
When my older daughter, Allison, was
5, in 1978, my wife and I took her to her
first race at Van Cortlandt, an age-
group run across the field. We pinned
an official number on her chest, and she
proceeded to fall asleep in her car seat
and missed the race. She did run the
next year, and the 6-and-under winner
that day was a Long Island boy, Jay
Fiedler, who became an Ivy League de-
cathlon champion at Dartmouth, then
an N.F.L.quarterback.
The Van Cortlandt Track Club, now
with 600 members, began in 1971. In ad-
dition to Van Cortlandt club events,
New York Road Runners sponsors a
cross-country series there every fall.
Events range from 5 kilometers to 15 ki-
lometers (3.1 miles to 9.3 miles). Road
Runners’ Harry Murphy Cross Country
Classic, a 5Krace, is Sunday.
The great miler Marty Liquori, who in
1966 at Essex Catholic in Newark set a
scholastic record of 12:23.2 for Van Cort-
landt’s 2.5-mile course, once said that
road racing was like rock ’n’ roll,but
that track racing was more like a Car-
negie Hall symphony. When I recently
spoke with Liquori, an accomplished
guitarist, he suggested that cross-coun-
try at Van Cortlandt was like jazz: un-
predictable, always changing, demand-
ing adaptability and quick decisions. To Liquori’s jazz drumbeat, I would
add that cross-country at Van Cortlandt
is like Paul Simon’s “Graceland,” blend-
ing rhythms of different cultures —
while coexisting with other sports cul-
tures — into a unified tapestry.
At times, that connective tissue is
tested. Perhaps no more so than when
high school runners encounter horse-
back riders straying from the park’s bri-
dle path and blocking the racecourse in
the back hills. It happened time and
again in the 1970s and ’80s. In the early
’70s, the stable owner, contending that
runners scared the horses, told me that
he had instructed riders to “knock ’em
down.” In 1982, when horses interfered
with the Manhattan meet, race officials
summoned the police to clear the trails.
The tension between the groups has
eased, but it’s still not un-
heard-of to encounter
horses — and what they
leave behind — on the
Van Cortlandt’s open
fields are also at a pre-
mium, with rugby, cricket
and soccer players scav-
enging for a little space.
The cross-cultural mix re-
flects the Bronx at its finest
— most of the time. In one
IC4A championship years
ago, a rugby-versus-run-
ner standoff was settled in
the middle of the opening
race flats by a New York
meet official, Robert
Hersh. Wearing a three-
piece suit and carrying
stopwatches around his
neck like military honors,
Hersh used his training as
a lawyer to persuade the
rugby players to retreat.
On Saturday, droves of
teenagers from Coney Is-
land and Corona, Bedford-
Stuyvesant and Brooklyn Heights, will
pile out of the 242nd Street subway stop
on Broadway for the 40th Manhattan
College meet. They will be met by bus-
loads of teams from the suburbs and
elsewhere — 10,000 athletes in all from
more than 300 schools in 13 states, ac-
cording to the meet director,Ed Bowes.
Two school teams are coming from Cali-
Any friction between runners and
other park users would be calamitous
for the Manhattan meet, which must
send off races every 12 minutes (one
starts before the previous one finishes)
to process runners in the largest one-
day cross-country meet in the United
States. The 40 races include the Eastern
States Championships,featuring the na-
tion’s top-ranked high school teams,
Christian Brothers Academy boys of
New Jersey and Fayetteville-Manlius
girls of upstate New York. The athletes will charge across the
flats, work the dusty cowpath,churn up
Freshman Hill, run across the bridge
over the Henry Hudson Parkway, fight
through the back hills, then fly down
perilous descents like Roller Derby
Turn before emerging from the woods
and into the light of the meadows. Then
it’s 600 meters straight to the finish on
Cross-country is like a Broadway per-
formance: a mix of exhaustion and ex-
hilaration. Runners absorb elbows, bang
shoulders, incur spike wounds. But any-
one who outkicks an opponent on the
long homestretch finishes battle-tested
and content. The best feeling of all is less un-
derstood — that by taking on the ardu-
ous challenge of Van Cortlandt you are
granted some hard-to-define blessing;
the work itself is a sacrament. As a
youth, you are doing something right
because it is necessary. To dig deep on
the hills, to be unafraid: it matters not
that you are fast or slow. Perhaps Bob
Dylan was right that “the slow one now
will later be fast.”
I worked that paradox for all it was
worth when I coached a Catholic high
school boys’ cross-country team, St.
Rose of Belmar, N.J.,some years back.
When the boys were freshmen,their
Van Cortlandt rite of passage was the
Manhattan meet. In 1998, they took
home a trophy bigger than they were.
Better, the boys had tackled the wilds of
the park. They grew up a little that day.
The best runners always thrived on
Van Cortlandt’s wildness. High school
stars like Matt Centrowitz of Power Me-
morial (12:24.5), John Gregorek of St.
Anthony’s on Long Island (12:31.0), Al-
berto Salazar of Wayland High in Mas-
sachusetts (12:22.5), Alan Webb of
South Lakes High in Virginia (12:18.8)
and Liquori — Olympians all — cut their
teeth at Van Cortlandt. All developed
racing know-how on the take-no-prison-
ers course; all developed stamina for
track racing with a foundation in cross-
country. When we spoke, Liquori, now 63, de-
scribed his mind-set in the fall of 1966:
“Cross-country was the most important
thing to me. I didn’t know I was a miler
yet.” He trained 80 miles a week, before
and after school, to acquire the strength
to race at Van Cortlandt. The high
school course record meant as much to
him as many of his future titles. “I con-
sidered Van Cortlandt a hallowed
place,” he said. The elite high school boys’ 13-minute
standard was first broken in 1963. The
record now stands at 11:55.4, set last
year by Edward Cheserek of St. Bene-
dict’s Prep in Newark,who came to the
United States from Kenya in 2010.Now
a senior, Cheserek plans to defend his
Manhattan title on Saturday.
When I ran at Sheepshead Bay in the
early 1960s, breaking 14 minutes in high
school was the gold standard. My team-
mate Eddie Ingerman stunned us when
he ran a sizzling 14:10. As old-timers like
to point out, the Parks Department has
cleaned up the race trails in recent
years, making them smoother, less haz-
ardous and perhaps a tad faster. Still,
hills are hills. The high school runners do not tackle
Van Cortlandt’s most well-known climb,
Cemetery Hill. This steep,300-yard hill
comes in the last mile of the college five-
mile course. The five-mile record, 23:51,
is one of the oldest in the sport, set by
Dave Merrick of the University of Penn-
sylvania in 1975.
Cemetery Hill is the family burial plot
of the Van Cortlandts, the wealthy
Dutch settlers for whom the park was
named. In 1776, after the Battle of Long
Island, Augustus Van Cortlandt, then
the recording clerk for New York, hid
the city records from the British in a
vault buried there.
Running records are now the site’s
currency. Even though some events like
the Foot Locker High School Northeast
Regional use the 3.1-mile course, Van
Cortlandt’s traditional 2.5-mile route is
still preferred by most of the park’s high
school meets.
In New York running circles,a high
school 2.5-mile time at Van Cortlandt
provides street cred. The biggest splash
before Cheserek’s sub-12-minute bomb-
shell came from the New Jersey twins
Jim and Joe Rosa of West Windsor-
Plainsboro High School North. Now
sophomores at Stanford, the Rosas ran
a succession of record times at Van
Cortlandt, led by Joe’s 12:03.8 course
record in 2009 and Jim close behind in
The only N.C.A.A.championships at
Van Cortlandt were run in 1968 and ’69.
A Track & Field News cover photo
showed the ’68 leaders on the cow path,
with Frank Shorter of Yale among them
in the six-mile event;he faded to 19th.
That was more than two years before
Shorter ran his first marathon, leading
to his 1972 Olympic gold medal run at
Munich. In 1969, the Northwest rivals Gerry
Lindgren of Washington State and
Steve Prefontaine of Oregon came to
Van Cortlandt for the N.C.A.A. champi-
onships. Lindgren, a senior, captured
his 11th title, a record for track and
cross-country that still stands. Prefon-
taine, a freshman, showed star quality
in placing third.
Cross-country runners
seem to make excellent
marathoners. Shorter was
one. Bill Rodgers won his
first Boston Marathon in
1975, soon after taking the
world cross-country
bronze medal in Morocco.
And in 2006 at Van Cort-
landt, Ryan Hall won the
12-kilometer race (7.4
miles) at the U.S. champi-
onships, earning his first
national title before be-
coming the country’s best
young marathon hope.
Two years later, the
Parks Department em-
barked on a $15 million refurbishment of
the Parade Ground, where the cross-
country races began. Race starts were
shifted during the project, detracting
from their history and grandeur. This
fall,the work has been completed, the
starts have been moved back, and the
ugly fencing that had sealed off large
areas has been removed. Van Cortlandt
looks less scruffy and a lot greener.
The toughest runners welcome in-
clement weather. The 1976 Manhattan
meet was run in hurricane conditions.
Soaked competitors had to leap over
fallen tree limbs. That was nothing com-
pared with an episode about a decade
later, said Bowes, the meet director,
when the police were called to intercede
with a group of armed men dressed in
fatigues doing military maneuvers in
the backwoods. I told him it sounded
like an urban legend. Bowes insisted it
happened. “I’ll never forget it,” he said.
I know this much is true: young ath-
letes are not dispassionate,tech-ob-
sessed robots, and given half a chance
they will work hard and thrive. And
those who run cross-country at Van
Cortlandt will discover some personal
heroism in the wilds of the Bronx.
In the Bronx, a Century of Mud, Sweat and Cheers
Van Cortlandt Park, a test of will for cross-country
novices and national champions, marks a milestone.
Van Cortlandt Park is known for challenging runners with a frenetic atmosphere and pun-
ishing hills. Its signature event, the Manhattan College Invitational, takes place Saturday.
Marc Bloom’s books include “God on the
Starting Line,” about his experience
coaching a Catholic high school cross-
country team in New Jersey.
Peter Close of St. John’s, left, ran
in the Metropolitan Intercolle-
giate Track and Field Associa-
tion cross-country championship
at the park in 1957. Jillian Mas-
troianni of Sayville High School
won a regional title in 1998.
All Times EDT
(Best-of-5) (x-if necessary)
Sunday: at Minnesota, 8 p.m.
Wednesday: at Minnesota, 8 p.m.
Friday: at Indiana, 8 p.m.
x-Sunday, Oct. 21: at Indiana, 8 p.m.
x-Wednesday, Oct. 24: at Minnesota, 8 p.m. BASEBALL
M.L.B. DIVISION SERIES (Best-of-5; x-if necessary)
Oct. 7: Yankees 7, Baltimore 2
Oct. 8: Baltimore 3, Yankees 2
Oct. 10: Yankees 3, Baltimore 2, 12 inn.
Oct. 11: Baltimore 2, Yankees 1, 13 inn.
Friday: Yankees 3, Baltimore 1 NATIONAL LEAGUE
Oct. 7: Washington 3, St. Louis 2
Oct. 8: St. Louis 12, Washington 4
Oct. 10: St. Louis 8, Washington 0
Oct. 11: Washington 2, St. Louis 1
Friday: St. Louis at Washington
(Best-of-7; x-if necessary)
All games televised by TBS
Saturday: Detroit (Fister (R), 10-10, 3.42) at Yankees (Pettitte (L), 5-5, 2.95), 8:07 p.m.
Sunday: at Yankees, 4:07 p.m.
Tuesday: at Detroit, 8:07 p.m.
Wednesday: at Detroit, 8:07 p.m.
x-Thursday: at Detroit, 4:07 p.m.
x-Saturday, Oct. 20: at Yankees, 8:07 p.m.
x-Sunday, Oct. 21: at Yankees, 8:15 p.m.
All games televised by Fox
Sunday: at Wash. OR San Francisco, 8:15 p.m.
Monday: at Wash. OR San Francisco, 8:07 p.m.
Wednesday: at San Fran. OR St. Louis, 4:07 p.m.
Thursday: at San Fran. OR St. Louis, 8:07 p.m.
x-Oct. 19: at San Fran. OR St. Louis, 8:07 p.m.
x-Oct. 21: at Wash. OR San Francisco, 4:45 p.m.
x-Oct. 22: at Wash. OR San Francisco, 8:07 p.m.
East W L T Pct PF PA
N. England 3 2 0 .600 165 113
Jets 2 3 0 .400 98 132
Miami 2 3 0 .400 103 103
Buffalo 2 3 0 .400 118 176
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 5 0 0 1.000 149 73
Indianapolis 2 2 0 .500 91 110
Tennessee 2 4 0 .333 114 204
Jacksonville 1 4 0 .200 65 138
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 4 1 0 .800 130 89
Cincinnati 3 2 0 .600 125 129
Pittsburgh 2 3 0 .400 116 115
Cleveland 0 5 0 .000 100 139
West W L T Pct PF PA
San Diego 3 2 0 .600 124 102
Denver 2 3 0 .400 135 114
Oakland 1 3 0 .250 67 125
Kansas City 1 4 0 .200 94 145
East W L T Pct PF PA
Phila. 3 2 0 .600 80 99
Giants 3 2 0 .600 152 111
Dallas 2 2 0 .500 65 88
Washington 2 3 0 .400 140 147
South W L T Pct PF PA
Atlanta 5 0 0 1.000 148 93
Tampa Bay 1 3 0 .250 82 91
Carolina 1 4 0 .200 92 125
New Orleans 1 4 0 .200 141 154
North W L T Pct PF PA
Minnesota 4 1 0 .800 120 79
Chicago 4 1 0 .800 149 71
Green Bay 2 3 0 .400 112 111
Detroit 1 3 0 .250 100 114
West W L T Pct PF PA
Arizona 4 1 0 .800 94 78
San Fran. 4 1 0 .800 149 68
St. Louis 3 2 0 .600 96 94
Seattle 3 2 0 .600 86 70
THURSDAY Tennessee 26, Pittsburgh 23
SUNDAY Indianapolis at Jets, 1
Giants at San Francisco, 4:25
Oakland at Atlanta, 1
Kansas City at Tampa Bay, 1
Cincinnati at Cleveland, 1
Detroit at Philadelphia, 1
St. Louis at Miami, 1
Dallas at Baltimore, 1
Buffalo at Arizona, 4:05
New England at Seattle, 4:05
Minnesota at Washington, 4:25
Green Bay at Houston, 8:20
Open: Carolina, Chicago, Jackson-
ville, New Orleans
MONDAY Denver at San Diego, 8:30
Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg.
McLouth lf 4 0 1 0 0 2 .318
Hardy ss 4 0 0 0 0 0 .136
Ad.Jones cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .087
C.Davis rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .200
Wieters c 3 1 1 0 1 1 .150
Machado 3b 2 0 0 0 1 1 .125
Mar.Reynolds 1b 3 0 0 0 0 2 .158
Ford dh 3 0 1 1 0 0 .375
Andino 2b 3 0 1 0 0 0 .364
Totals 30 1 4 1 2 9
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter ss 3 1 0 0 1 2 .364
I.Suzuki lf-rf 3 0 1 1 1 0 .217
Cano 2b 4 0 0 0 0 2 .091
Teixeira 1b 2 1 1 0 1 0 .353
Ibanez dh 3 0 1 1 0 1 .444
Swisher rf 3 0 0 0 0 2 .111
Gardner lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Granderson cf 3 1 2 1 0 0 .158
R.Martin c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .176
Er.Chavez 3b 3 0 0 0 0 2 .000
Totals 27 3 5 3 3 9
Baltimore 000 000 010—1 4 0
New York 000 011 10x—3 5 0
LOB—Baltimore 4, New York 3. 2B—I.
Suzuki (2). HR—Granderson (1), off Patton. RBIs—Ford (1), I.Suzuki (3), Ibanez (3), Granderson (1). SB—McLouth (2), Teixeira (1), Granderson (1). DP—Baltimore 2; New York 1
Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era
Hammel L0-1 5
4 2 2 2 6 97 3.18
Patton 1
1 1 1 0 3 24 4.50
Strop Í/¯
0 0 0 1 0 11 0.00
Matusz Î/¯
0 0 0 0 0 1 2.08
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Sabathia W2-0 9 4 1 1 2 9 121 1.53
T—2:52. A—47,081 (50,291).
Toronto 82, Detroit 75
Indiana 96, Minnesota 91
Cleveland 86, Chicago 83
Houston 95, New Orleans 75
Denver 97, San Antonio 91
Utah 97, Oklahoma City 81
Portland at Phoenix
Utsbo Tennis Center
Singles Quarterfinals
Misaki Doi, Japan, d. Chanelle Scheepers (7), South Africa, 2-6, 6-1, 6-3. Heather Watson, Britain, d. Pauline Parmentier, France, 7-5, 6-3. Chang Kai-chen, Taiwan, d. Laura Robson (8), Britian, 6-4, 3-7, 7-6 (4). Sam Stosur (1), Australia, d. Jamie Hampton, United States, 6-2, 6-4.
Qizhong Tennis Center
Singles Quarterfinals
Tomas Berdych (4), Czech Republic, d. Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (5), France, 6-3, 7-6 (4). Andy Murray (3), Britain, d. Radek Stepanek, Czech Republic, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3. Novak Djokovic (2), Serbia, d. Tommy Haas, Germany, 6-3, 6-3. Roger Federer (1), Switzerland, d. Marin Cilic (10), Croatia, 6-3, 6-4.
GREATER HICKORY CLASSIC Rock Barn Golf and Spa, Jones Course
Purse: $1.6 million
Yardage: 7,090; Par 72 (36-36)
First Round
Dan Forsman . . . . . . . . . .33-32—65 -7
Fred Funk . . . . . . . . . . . .34-32—66 -6
David Frost. . . . . . . . . . . .32-34—66 -6
Larry Mize . . . . . . . . . . . .32-34—66 -6
Mark Wiebe . . . . . . . . . . .31-36—67 -5
Jay Don Blake. . . . . . . . . .33-34—67 -5
Scott Simpson. . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Bruce Vaughan. . . . . . . . .33-35—68 -4
Peter Senior. . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Tom Lehman. . . . . . . . . . .33-35—68 -4
John Cook. . . . . . . . . . . .37-31—68 -4
Mike Reid. . . . . . . . . . . . .36-32—68 -4
Tom Kite . . . . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Chip Beck . . . . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -3
Duffy Waldorf . . . . . . . . . .33-36—69 -3
Navy 31, Cent. Michigan 13 A.P. TOP 25 SCHEDULE
All Times EDT
No. 1 Alabama at Missouri, 3:30 p.m.
No. 3 South Carolina at No. 9 LSU, 8 p.m.
No. 4 Florida at Vanderbilt, 6 p.m.
No. 5 West Virginia at Texas Tech, 3:30 p.m.
No. 6 Kansas State at Iowa State, Noon
No. 7 Notre Dame vs. No. 17 Stanford, 3:30 p.m.
No. 8 Ohio State at Indiana, 8 p.m.
No. 10 Oregon State at BYU, 3:30 p.m.
No. 11 Southern Cal at Washington, 7 p.m.
No. 12 Florida St. vs. Boston Coll., 5:30 p.m.
No. 13 Oklahoma vs. No. 15 Texas, Noon
No. 18 Louisville at Pittsburgh, Noon
No. 19 Mississippi St. vs. Tennessee, 9 p.m.
No. 20 Rutgers vs. Syracuse, Noon
No. 21 Cincinnati vs. Fordham, 7 p.m.
No. 22 Texas A&M at No. 23 La. Tech, 9:15 p.m.
No. 24 Boise St. vs. Fresno State, 3:30 p.m.
No. 25 Michigan vs. Illinois, 3:30 p.m. N.F.L. INJURY REPORT
COLTS: OUT: LB Pat Angerer (foot), RB
Donald Brown (knee), LB Robert Mathis
(knee), DE Fili Moala (knee), G Joe
Reitz (knee), NT Martin Tevaseu (ankle).
DOUBTFUL: CB Vontae Davis (ankle).
PROBABLE: LB Dwight Freeney (ankle),
RB Mewelde Moore (ankle), C Samson
Satele (knee). JETS: DOUBTFUL: RB John
Conner (hamstring), DT Kenrick Ellis (knee),
WR Clyde Gates (shoulder), DT Sione
Po'uha (low back), S Eric Smith (knee).
QUESTIONABLE: C Nick Mangold (ankle).
PROBABLE: LB Nick Bellore (shoulder), CB
Aaron Berry (ribs), CB Antonio Cromartie
(shoulder), TE Jeff Cumberland (ribs), LB
David Harris (hamstring), WR Stephen
Hill (hamstring), T Austin Howard (back),
TE Dustin Keller (hamstring), WR Jeremy
Kerley (finger, illness), S LaRon Landry
(heel), G Brandon Moore (hip), LB Calvin
Pace (Achilles), QB Mark Sanchez (low
back), LB Bart Scott (toe), G Matt Slauson
(knee), LB Bryan Thomas (hamstring).
GIANTS: OUT: DT Rocky Bernard
(quadriceps), RB Andre Brown (concussion),
S Kenny Phillips (knee). QUESTIONABLE:
T David Diehl (knee), WR Hakeem Nicks
(foot, knee), CB Corey Webster (hand,
hamstring). PROBABLE: WR Ramses Barden
(concussion), TE Martellus Bennett (knee),
LB Chase Blackburn (hip), CB Jayron Hosley
(hamstring), LB Keith Rivers (hamstring), S
Antrel Rolle (knee). 49ERS: QUESTIONABLE:
RB Brandon Jacobs (knee). PROBABLE: P
Andy Lee (hand), QB Alex Smith (right finger).
Home nations listed first
Third Round
Group A Antigua and Barbuda 1, United
States 2 Group B El Salvador 0, Costa
Rica 1; Guyana 0, Mexico 5; Group C
Canada 3, Cuba 0; Panama 0, Honduras 0
Group A Macedonia 1, Croatia 2; Serbia 0,
Belgium 3; Wales 2, Scotland 1
Group B Armenia 1, Italy 3; Bulgaria 1,
Denmark 1; Czech Republic 3, Malta 1
Group C Faeroe Islands 1, Sweden 2;
Ireland 1, Germany 6; Kazakhstan 0,
Austria 0
Group D Estonia 0, Hungary 1; Netherlands
3, Andorra 0; Turkey 0, Romania 1
Group E Albania 1, Iceland 2; Slovenia 2,
Cyprus 1; Switzerland 1, Norway 1
Group F Luxembourg 0, Israel 5; Russia 1,
Portugal 0
Group G Greece 0, Bosnia-Herzegovina
0; Liechtenstein 0, Lithuania 2; Slovakia 2,
Latvia 1
Group H England 5, San Marino 0;
Moldova 0, Ukraine 0
Group I Belarus 0, Spain 4; Finland 1,
Georgia 1
SOUTH AMERICA Bolivia 1, Peru 1; Colombia 2, Paraguay 0;
Ecuador 3, Chile 1; Argentina 3, Uruguay 0
CordeValle Golf Club
Purse: $5 million
Yardage: 7,368; Par 71
Second Round
John Mallinger. . . . . . . . .66-62—128 -14
Billy Horschel . . . . . . . . .67-65—132 -10
Jhonattan Vegas. . . . . . .65-67—132 -10
Nicolas Colsaerts. . . . . . .65-68—133 -9
Nick O'Hern . . . . . . . . . .62-71—133 -9
Scott Dunlap. . . . . . . . . .70-63—133 -9
Jonas Blixt. . . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -8
Jason Kokrak . . . . . . . . .68-66—134 -8
Frank Lickliter II. . . . . . . .71-64—135 -7
D.A. Points. . . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -7
Tim Herron. . . . . . . . . . .70-65—135 -7
Greg Owen. . . . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -7
Charles Howell III. . . . . . .66-69—135 -7
Steven Bowditch. . . . . . .71-64—135 -7
Matt Jones. . . . . . . . . . .70-66—136 -6
Will Claxton. . . . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -6
Danny Lee. . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -6
Alexandre Rocha. . . . . . .69-67—136 -6
Bill Lunde. . . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -6
Camilo Villegas. . . . . . . .70-66—136 -6
Davis Love III . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -6
United States . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1—2
Antigua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0—1
First half—1, United States, Johnson
(Zusi), 20th minute. 2, Antigua, Blackstock
(Byers), 25th.
Second half—3, United States, Johnson
(Gordon), 90th.
Yellow Cards—Thomas, Ant, 61st; Jones,
US, 62nd.
Referee—Neal Brizan, Trinidad and
Tobago. Linesmen—Dion Neil, Trinidad and
Tobago; Ionut Bordieanu, Cayman Islands.
American International 3 . . Penn St. 2, OT
Vermont 1 . . . . . . . . Mass.-Lowell 1, OT
Providence 8 . . . . . . . . . Sacred Heart 2
UMass 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Connecticut 1
New Hampshire 5 . . . . . . St. Cloud St. 3
Rensselaer 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Ferris St. 1
Minnesota St. 4 . . . . . . . Ala.-Huntsville 1
MIDWEST Michigan 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RIT 2
Notre Dame 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maine 0
Union (NY) 5 . . . . . . . . Bowling Green 3
Miami (Ohio) 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Colgate 0
St. Lawrence 4. . . . . . W. Michigan 3, OT
Minn. Duluth 6 . . . . . . . . . . . Ohio St. 2
Minnesota 5 . . . . . . . . . Michigan St. 1
N. Michigan 2 . . . . . . . . . . Wisconsin 1
FAR WEST Air Force 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Alaska 3, OT
Colorado College 5 . . . . . . . . Clarkson 4
Smith’s career and reputation —
like that of the 49ers in general —
were rescued by the team’s new
coach,Jim Harbaugh, the defense
was more than good enough to win
a championship. The offense was
mediocre enough to prevent it. No longer. The 49ers (4-1) have
outscored their past two opponents,
the Jets and the Bills, by a combined
79-3. Last Sunday against the Bills,
the 49ers became the first team in
N.F.L. history to gain more than 300
yards passing and 300 yards rush-
ing in the same game. The day before, Smith was wildly
cheered when he was introduced at
San Francisco’s AT&T Park before
the first baseball playoff game be-
tween the Giants and the Cincinnati
Reds, and no one jeered when his
pitch dived into the dirt. On Mon-
day, he and tight end Vernon Davis
took part in a fund-raiser for Presi-
dent Obama in San Francisco. “Talked ball most of the time,”
Smith said. “It was cool. Seemed
very down to earth.”
Heading into Sunday’s game
against the Giants at Candlestick
Park, no one in the Bay Area is con-
fusing Smith with Joe Montana or
Steve Young. But Smith is suddenly
cool. Popular. Forgiven. It is safe to
wear his replica No. 11 jersey again.
“Everyone always asks the ques-
tion,‘What do you think about
Alex?’” Davis said. “I’ve always felt
that Alex was a warrior. When I
first got here I would always look
into Alex’s eyes and I would see a
guy that wanted to be successful.
Determined. And I believed in him.”
Davis, then, was part of a very
small group. The 49ers were reluctant suitors
for Smith from the beginning. Be-
fore the 2005 N.F.L. draft, they
wanted to trade the first overall
pick. No other teams took it. Re-
luctantly, the 49ers chose Smith,
then waited for trade offers that
never came.
Smith’s first start came in the
fifth game of his rookie season. At
Indianapolis, he completed 9 of 23
passes for 74 yards, with no touch-
downs and four interceptions. The
49ers lost his next four starts, too,
and finished 4-12.Smith’s passer
rating was a paltry 40.8. But the 49ers had problems much
deeper than Smith. He just became
the face of a once-proud franchise
toying with irrelevance. He was the
recognizable constant amid roiling
Smith had a different offensive
coordinator in each of his first five
seasons. In his sixth, 2010, the re-
turning coordinator was fired early
in the season, giving Smith a sixth
one in six years. Fans booed Smith
regularly. Two years ago, they
chanted for his backup, David Carr.
The head coach,Mike Singletary,
was fired by season’s end. Weeks later, Singletary was
asked by The San Francisco Chron-
icle what he learned about offense.
“You gotta have a quarterback,”
Singletary said. Enter Harbaugh. He had turned
nearby Stanford into a national
power with a rising quarterback
named Andrew Luck, who became
the first pick in the 2012 draft, cho-
sen by Indianapolis. When Har-
baugh was hired by the 49ers and
met with Smith for the first time in
early 2011, he found what he want-
ed: someone desperate to prove he
could lead a team, the same glint in
the eye that Davis said he saw all
Smith’s options were limited. He
could stay where he was not wanted
by anyone besides the new coach,
one willing to give him another
chance. Or he could head elsewhere,
probably as a backup, and hope for
the best. Harbaugh and the 49ers, amid
here-we-go-again criticism, signed
Smith to a one-year contract. De-
tractors were quick to note that
Smith had been benched over the
years in favor of a roll call of forget-
table castoffs, including Tim Rattay,
Ken Dorsey, J.T. O’Sullivan, Troy
Smith and a 35-year-old Trent Dil-
fer.As a starter in his first six sea-
sons — he missed the 2008 regular
season with a shoulder injury —
Alex Smith was 19-31. But into his second season under
Harbaugh, Smith and the 49ers are
17-4 in the regular season, one over-
time loss to the Giants away from
reaching last season’s Super Bowl.
He currently leads the league in
passer rating (108.7) thanks to a ca-
reer-best 68.6 percent completion
rate, eight touchdown passes and
one interception. It feels as if his ca-
reer is just starting, not sputtering.
The mystery is how Harbaugh
turned Smith’s career inside out.
And it’s something Harbaugh does
not particularly want to discuss, like
a magician and his best trick.
“We just don’t have any answers
for you,” Harbaugh said. “More of
our view on it is questions. Are we
good enough to come out today and
get the preparation that we need
against a good Giants team?”
Yoda-speak aside, San Francisco
remains primarily a ground-hug-
ging team. Smith is not asked to car-
ry the team, but to lead it. The 49ers
are first in the N.F.L. in rushing
yards, averaging 195.8 yards per
game and a college-like 6.1 yards
per carry. But in the off-season, the 49ers
acknowledged their weaknesses. In
the 20-17 overtime loss to the Giants
in January’s N.F.C. championship
game, Smith completed 12 of 26
passes, but only one to a wide re-
ceiver, for 3 yards.
In March, the 49ers signed the
veteran Randy Moss and Mario
Manningham, whose sideline catch
in the fourth quarter of the Super
Bowl helped the Giants beat the
New England Patriots. They have
combined for 28 catches this season.
Smith, never a great threat to
thread the ball between defenders
downfield, has become comfortable
as a low-risk tactician. Before last
season, he had completed 57.1 per-
cent of his career passes and
thrown 51 touchdowns and 53 in-
terceptions — the kind of statistics
that end careers. Under Harbaugh,
the offensive coordinator Greg Ro-
man and the quarterbacks coach
Geep Chryst,Smith has completed
63.1 of his passes, with 25 touch-
downs and 6 interceptions.
Smith considered whether, as he
was showered with boos two years
ago, he could have imagined what is
happening now.
“I mean, I’m certainly playing for
it,” he said. “I wasn’t playing to con-
tinue to lose. You continue to put the
work in and to fight and play be-
cause you’re trying to win games.
No question, I thought it could get
better. I didn’t know when or how.”
Outside, just a short toss from the
locker room and the practice field at
the team’s headquarters near the
southern tip of the San Francisco
Bay, the frame of a new stadium
rises. The grinding of machinery
and beeping of equipment serve as
a soundtrack to the 49ers’ daily
preparations. The stadium is scheduled to open
in 2014. It might have been laugh-
able to suggest two years ago, but it
now seems a reasonable bet that
Alex Smith will lead the home team
onto the field for the first game two
Alex Smith has compiled a 17-4 record since Jim Harbaugh became the 49ers’ coach. Smith, below,
throwing the ceremonial first pitch before Game 1 of the Giants-Reds playoff series.
From First Sports Page
For 49ers
Taking a seat in favor
of backups like J.T.
a let-it-fly age when N.F.L. teams
tend to rely on strong-armed quar-
terbacks and playmakers who can
change the complexion of a game
with one touch, the 49ers’ offense
begins with a 3-yards-and-a-cloud-
of-dust philosophy and takes that to
another level.
San Francisco averages 6.1 yards
per carry entering Sunday’s game
against a Giants team that has not
forgotten how punishing the 49ers’
old-school ground game can be. The
Giants eked out a 20-17 overtime
victory in last January’s N.F.C.
championship game at Candlestick
Park despite surrendering 150 rush-
ing yards.
“In this day and age, yeah,
they’re a little bit different,” Giants
linebacker Mathias Kiwanuka said.
“They’re a throwback. You’ve got to
hold your ground.”
According to the Elias Sports Bu-
reau, the 6.1-yard average through
the first five games is the 49ers’
highest since the team ran at a 6.4-
yard clip in 1954. In winning for the
fourth time in five games with last
Sunday’s 45-3 pummeling of the
Bills, the 49ers’ balance was as re-
markable as their output: 311 yards
rushing, 310 yards passing. They be-
came the first N.F.L. team to sur-
pass 300 yards running and passing
in the same game.
The 621 net yards established a
single-game team record. The 311
yards on the ground were the most
by an N.F.L. team since the Raiders
piled up 328 at Denver on Oct. 24,
2010. The huge numbers stemming
from a smashmouth approach are in
keeping with the vision that Jim
Harbaugh brought with him when
he left Stanford to coach the 49ers
before last season. The hard-charg-
ing 49ers responded with their first
N.F.C. West title since 2002 and
show no signs of slowing down.
“Since Jim has been there, their
calling card is the running game,
and they do a good job with it,” Gi-
ants Coach Tom Coughlin said.
According to Perry Fewell,
Coughlin’s defensive coordinator,
San Francisco’s attack has grown
harder to handle since the teams
last met because new wrinkles were
added to the scheme. Fewell said
preparing for the 49ers was “very
different” from getting ready to face
any other team. “They present you
with a lot of different runs, a lot of
different looks and schemes, a lot of
different personnel groups and for-
mations,” he said. “They are a little
unique in what they do.”
It only adds to the concerns of the
defending Super Bowl champions
that they have not stood tall against
the run during their uneven 3-2
start. They rank 16th in allowing
111.4 rushing yards per game. The
Eagles amassed 191 rushing yards
when beating the Giants,19-17,on
Sept. 30. Although the Giants re-
bounded to defeat Cleveland, 41-27,
last Sunday, the promising Browns
rookie Trent Richardson rattled off
4.8 yards per carry.
“It’s just one little thing every
time,” linebacker Chase Blackburn
said. “We’ve had missed tackles,
guys out of position. We’ve had
bounce-out runs with guys getting
into trouble by trying to make plays
that were not theirs to make.”
The 49ers lead the league with 34
runs that have generated 10 yards
or more. Their primary back, Frank
Gore, can pound the ball between
the tackles but has the speed to beat
defenders to the edge. Gore stands
as the team’s career leading rusher
(8,057 yards) and ranks seventh in
the N.F.L. with 432 rushing yards
this season.
Kiwanuka says the Giants must
be more disciplined because San
Francisco has a knack for turning
what should be modest gains into
much more. “If you are supposed to
be in a certain position and main-
tain certain leverage, you have to
make sure you are there and not go-
ing outside your job,” he said.
Although a furious pass rush
sparked the Super Bowl run, the de-
fense has yet to replicate that, re-
cording only eight sacks this sea-
son. Fewell connected that short-
coming to his unit’s difficulty in
stopping the run on first and second
down, allowing opposing offenses to
avoid obvious passing situations.
“We have to make the game more
one-dimensional,” Fewell said. “We
can’t allow people to run the football
and dictate what they want to do to
Frank Gore runs with ferocity between the tackles but has the speed
to beat defenders to the edge. He will test the Giants on Sunday.
49ers Are Throwbacks by Throwing Less Often
San Francisco 49ers Coach
Jim Harbaugh said that com-
ments made by the Giants offen-
sive coordinator Kevin Gilbride
about the All-Pro defensive end
Justin Smith were “outrageous”
and “incendiary.”
Gilbride said the 49ers’ Smith
“does a good job of grabbing
ahold of offensive linemen” and
“never gets called for it,so he
gets away with murder.”
Harbaugh fired back Friday,
saying Gilbride had made an
“outrageous, irrational state-
ment, ” an “absurd analogy” and
an “incendiary comment.”
The Giants play at San Fran-
cisco on Sunday in the first game
between the teams since the Gi-
ants beat the 49ers in overtime
in the N.F.C.championship
game in January.
er Hakeem Nicks, who has
missed three consecutive games
with injuries to his knee and sur-
gically repaired right foot, re-
turned to practice amid expecta-
tions that he will be able to play
against the 49ers on Sunday.
Nicks told a member of the
team’s media relations staff that
he was cautiously optimistic that
he would play. “I think I’ve got a
pretty good shot,” he said. TOM PEDULLA
Harbaugh Fires Back at Giants
Of those 39 plays, 25 have come at
quarterback, and only once — in
Week 2 in Pittsburgh — has
Tebow played three consecutive
When asked about his limited
chances, Tebow dips into his
stash of diplomatic responses —
everything is a blessing, I’m ex-
cited for the opportunity, you do
the best job that you can — that
apply to another delicate (and re-
lated) subject, his satisfaction
with backing up the shaky Mark
Sanchez. If Tebow is at all frus-
trated, which would not be an un-
Even now, it is all very puzzling,
this Tim Tebow thing. He was
billed as a short-yardage force,
but more than half of his offen-
sive plays have come on first-
and-10. Sometimes the Jets de-
ploy him in the red zone, but usu-
ally they do not. He lines up at
quarterback, at receiver, at run-
ning back, at fullback, perform-
ing admirably, doing what he is
asked, which is not all that much.
Barely a quarter of their sea-
son has elapsed, but the Jets
have reached a stage where
small samples no longer exist.
Tendencies have surfaced. Pat-
terns have developed. Five
games into this experiment,
Tebow’s role is no less nebulous
than it was back at training camp
at SUNY Cortland. At least then,
a certain intrigue existed, an an-
ticipation that the Jets were con-
cocting plays to integrate Tebow
so ingenious, so creative that
they could have been hung on the
That suspense has dissolved.
In its place is bewilderment.
Even as the Jets’ offense has
sputtered, Tebow has been used
sparingly, far from emerging as
the “major contributor” that
Coach Rex Ryan told the NFL
Network he would be back in
March. In that interview, Ryan said
Tebow could appear in as many
as 20 snaps in a game. Not includ-
ing special teams, Tebow has par-
ticipated in 39 offensive plays all
season, according to game chart-
ing by the statistical Web site
ProFootballFocus, including sev-
en in each of the last two weeks.
reasonable reaction, he does not
show it. But even if the Jets were
considering a change at quarter-
back, it would seem hard for them
to gauge Tebow’s readiness.
He has run the ball 12 times,
gaining 49 yards, and twice more
on fake punts, converting both.
He has dropped back three times,
absorbing one sack, throwing one
incompletion (on a long pass
Monday night that was dropped
by Jason Hill) and connecting on
a 9-yard pass (in Week 4 against
San Francisco) that, oddly
enough, came on his lone appear-
ance on a play defined as third-
and-short — the type of situation
that would seem his specialty.
The only other area in which
Tebow theoretically could be just
as effective, if not more so, is in-
side the opponents’ 20-yard line.
Of the Jets’ 38 offensive plays in-
side the red zone, Tebow has ap-
peared in eight, touching the ball
six times.
Those plays, which included a
five-yard sack in Miami, gained a
total of 13 yards. All of the train-
ing-camp hypotheticals posed to
Sanchez — as in, could you han-
dle ceding touchdown glory to
Tebow after leading the offense
75 yards — have been rendered
moot. It all creates a perception that
the Jets are reluctant to use
Tebow, which, given their stag-
nant running game, seems a bit
foolish and a rather elaborate
ruse. Or, that they have yet to fig-
ure out how to use him, as much
of a challenge as it seemed when
the Jets traded for him seven
months ago.
From a football standpoint,
Tebow appealed to the Jets much
as Tom Tupa, a former quarter-
back turned punter, did to Bill
Parcells in 1999. To Parcells, Tupa
counted as two players on game
days, such was his versatility. In
Tebow, the Jets had gained a de-
fensive coordinator’s nightmare,
a special-teams asset and a back-
up quarterback — one with a spe-
cialized, personalized bundle of
plays — all for the low, low price
of $2 million.
Based on those criteria, Tebow
has benefited the Jets. But have
the Jets backed up their stated
plan for him? Rewind to the night
of March 21, when the trade for
Tebow was completed, when
General Manager Mike Tannen-
baum said, “We have a vision for
the player, a role for the player.”
With Tebow, he added, the Jets’
offense would be “diverse, more
dynamic” and “more difficult for
opposing teams to defend.”
With the exception of a Week 1
eruption against Buffalo, the
Jets’ offense has been neither di-
verse nor dynamic, a reality
steeped in injuries and inconsis-
tency — neither of which has en-
snared Tebow. And if Tebow’s presence does
force opponents to account for
him, to wonder just how often he
will play — Wade Phillips, the
Texans’ defensive coordinator,
acknowledged as much to Ryan
on Monday — it has yet to bewil-
der a team so completely that a
discernible impact is noticed. It was the Jets who were con-
fused against Houston, forced to
call two timeouts in the fourth
quarter because of incorrect per-
“Obviously, we’d like to see it
be more successful on the field,”
Ryan said of the Jets’ use of
Tebow, “but I’m confident that
we’ll get better at that as well.”
Asked to clarify how he defined
successful, Ryan said that he
wanted the execution to improve,
not the frequency to increase.
REX RYAN said he was hopeful
that center NICK MANGOLD (ankle)
would play Sunday against Indi-
anapolis, but he was far less opti-
mistic about nose tackle SIONE
(back), fullback JOHN CON-
NER (hamstring) and receiver
CLYDE GATES (shoulder). … DAR-
, scheduled to have
his torn knee ligament repaired
next week, will be placed on sea-
son-ending injured reserve to
free up a roster spot for safety
, who was elevated
from the practice squad.
Five Games Into the Season, Tebow’s Actual Role Remains a Mystery
Quarterback Tim Tebow has been in on only 39 plays for the Jets’ offense, despite its struggles.
A versatile performer
has been used
sparingly by his team.
Kreider remained poised, scoring
five goals — an N.H.L. record for
a player who had not appeared in
a regular-season game. He is as skilled and lightning
fast as ever, scoring four goals in
two exhibition games with the
Whale. And he seems looser now
that he is on a somewhat more
prosaic stage. Still, he projects a
certain guardedness when asked
if an A.H.L. October in Hartford
is any different from a playoff
May in New York. “I don’t think the mind-set
changes,” Kreider said. “Keep
your head down, work hard, try
to learn as much as you can.”
“For Chris right now the chal-
lenge is to develop into a profes-
sional,” said Whale Coach Ken
Gernander, who has spent 14
years in the A.H.L. as a coach
and player. “He’s never had to
play an 80-game grind. Big mo-
ments like the N.C.A.A. tourna-
ment or the world junior champi-
onship, it’s not the same as a pro-
fessional who has to grind it out
with the same group over the
long haul just to get into the play-
HARTFORD — Chris Kreider
stayed on the ice long after prac-
tice Friday morning, firing shots,
playfully bumping his Connecti-
cut Whale teammates.
“It’s fun to go out there and do
what you love to do,” Kreider
said. “Whenever you’re playing
hockey it’s exciting, whatever the
On Friday night the American
Hockey League season began,
with clubs sprinkled with bona
fide breakout stars like Adam
Henrique, Jeff Skinner, Ryan
Nugent-Hopkins and Jordan
Eberle. And, of course,the 21-year-old
Kreider, whose dizzying trajec-
tory last spring hurtled from win-
ning the N.C.A.A. championship
with Boston College, to turning
pro with the Rangers during the
playoffs, to emerging as one of
their best forwards as they
marched to the Eastern Confer-
ence finals.
If there was no lockout, Kreid-
er would have been playing in
Los Angeles on Friday when the
Kings raised their Stanley Cup
banner. But as it was, he and his fellow
Ranger farmhands were at the
darkened XL Center here, intro-
duced to an enthusiastic crowd
(generously announced at 8,148)
before playing the Islanders’
farm club, the Bridgeport Sound
Tigers. Once the puck was dropped,
Kreider tore into the Bridgeport
zone on the forecheck and the
fans chanted,“Let’s go, Whale!”
Connecticut would lose, 6-4, with
Kreider providing one assist. Pro hockey was back in North
America. Last spring, under the pres-
sure of the Stanley Cup playoffs
and the intense scrutiny of Coach
John Tortorella, the New York
news media and Rangers fans,
There are stories similar to
Kreider’s around the A.H.L. this
unusual October.
Henrique, the Devils’ playoff
hero last spring after scoring the
overtime goals that eliminated
Florida and the Rangers and got
New Jersey into the Cup finals, is
skating with Albany. It is his third
stint with the farm club. “It’s weird,” Henrique said last
week about returning to the
A.H.L. after being a finalist for
the N.H.L.’s rookie of the year
award. “I’m not taking it like a
step down or anything. I guess
you’d say it’s a step sideways.”
For as long as the lockout lasts,
Henrique will make an A.H.L.
salary of $65,000 a year instead of
his N.H.L. wage of about
$850,000, but he said he planned
for it. “I think I did a good job of sav-
ing some of my money, so I
should be O.K.,” Henrique said.
“For a little while, anyway.”
In Charlotte, the Checkers will
have Skinner of the parent Caro-
lina Hurricanes. Skinner was the
2011 N.H.L. rookie of the year. In Oklahoma City, the Barons
are stacked with several of the
Edmonton Oilers’ young stars,
like Nugent-Hopkins, another
rookie of the year finalist last sea-
son; Eberle, who scored 76 points
in 78 games; Magnus Paajarvi,
the 10th overall pick in 2009; and
Justin Schultz,the free-agent col-
legian most avidly sought by
N.H.L. clubs after he left the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin last spring. These young stars will play in
the A.H.L. as long as the lockout
lasts. Kreider may have more in-
sight on the topic than most rook-
ies: he is doing an independent
study project at Boston College
on the collective bargaining
agreement and the labor negotia-
tions.“It’s interesting, and some-
thing I’ve grown passionate
about and want to stay informed
about,” he said. “I was interested
in the N.F.L. and C.B.A. negotia-
tions, too. Obviously,this has a
direct relation to what’s going on.
I kind of took an interest in the
whole legal side of it.” Kreider said he was following
the latest updates on the talks,
“but not because I’m antsy to get
out of the A.H.L.”
“I’m very happy to be here to
try to learn to play hockey,” he
said.Over the summer, Kreider
said, he could hardly stay off the
ice — not after winning it all with
Boston College and going far
with the Rangers. “After you’ve had that taste,
you just want to get back on the
ice,” he said. “I never came down.
I was so excited and so disap-
pointed that we lost to New Jer-
sey that I wanted to keep going.” MARCUS YAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Chris Kreider, who joined the Rangers for the 2012 playoffs,
was on the ice Friday for the Connecticut Whale of the A.H.L.
Lockout Has Rangers’ Kreider Playing in Connecticut
An N.H.L. playoff
star is in another
league, for now.
Barbuda — Often thought of as a
safe bet to qualify every four
years for the World Cup, the Unit-
ed States national team nearly
found itself facing early elimina-
tion Friday night before it was
rescued by a late second-half goal
from Eddie Johnson and beat An-
tigua and Barbuda, 2-1. For most of the rain-soaked
game, the team from the tiny Ca-
ribbean nation managed to play
solid defense and take advantage
of sloppy play from the Ameri-
cans. Throughout the second half,
there were times when it ap-
peared Antigua might be the
team to score the winning goal. Since the United States en-
tered the game in a three-way tie
with Guatemala and Jamaica for
first place of Group A in Concacaf
World Cup qualifying, and only
the top two teams advance to
next year’s final group of six, a tie
most likely would have meant the
United States would need to win
its final group game against Gua-
temala on Tuesday in Kansas
City. Friday’s victory, and Guate-
mala’s 2-1 win over Jamaica,
means the Americans probably
need only a draw to advance. It was a difficult week for the
United States, with several play-
ers, including the usual starters
Fabian Johnson and Landon
Donovan, withdrawn from the
team because of injury. The team captain,Carlos Boca-
negra,shifted to left back from
his normal spot in the center,and
Eddie Johnson, who has recently
revived his career with the Se-
attle Sounders in Major League
Soccer, was inserted in a wing
position. It was Johnson’s first
cap since 2010. The conditions made it difficult
for both teams. Since the stadium
is normally used for cricket, the
middle of the field was worn. In
addition,heavy rain throughout
the day made the surface slick. After an energetic opening, the
United States scored in the 20th
minute after a corner kick was
poorly cleared by Antigua and
the loose ball fell to midfielder
Graham Zusi. Zusi swung in a terrific cross
with his left foot that found John-
son at the back post for a header,
which he easily sent past goal-
keeper Molvin James. “I know what it takes to play at
this level and in these condi-
tions,” Johnson said. “Hard work
pays off. We knew it wasn’t going
to be pretty.”
In the 25th minute,Antigua
stunned the Americans when for-
ward Peter Byers stripped Boca-
negra of the ball in the final third.
Byers then moved down the wing
and cut the ball back for Dexter
Blackstock,who easily beat Tim
Howard from close range. Johnson scored the winner in
second-half stoppage time,head-
ing home a cross by the unlikely
second-half substitute Alan Gor-
don,who was making his interna-
tional debut at age 30. The United States left with the
needed three points but with
more questions than answers,as
it was unable to control the game
against an opponent ranked only
106th in the world. “We have the three points, and
that’s the most important thing,”
United States Coach Jurgen
Klinsmann said. “Do we have to
play better? Absolutely.”
Late Goal Eases Pressure on World Cup Qualifying
Auto Racing 7:30 p.m. Sprint Cup, Bank of America 500 ABC
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Barbara Blum, a former high-
ranking social services official
who found homes for hundreds of
mentally disabled people after
their mistreatment at the Willow-
brook State School on Staten Is-
land became a national scandal in
the 1970s, died on Oct. 6 in Al-
bany. She was 82.
The cause was congestive
heart failure, her son Thomas
Ms. Blum was New York
State’s social services commis-
sioner from 1977 to 1982, and she
earlier worked for Mayor John V.
Lindsay’s administration, leading
a task force on mental health and
retardation and overseeing serv-
ices for disadvantaged children.
But perhaps her most visible im-
pact was made in rescuing
abused Willowbrook residents by
finding them safe places to live in
group homes.
The deplorable conditions at
Willowbrook, a state-run institu-
tion, seized the nation’s attention
in 1972, when Geraldo Rivera,
then a reporter for WABC-TV in
New York, put a spotlight on
them, showing children lying na-
ked on the floor, their bodies con-
torted, their feces spread on
walls. His reports were broadcast
nationally. More than 5,400 peo-
ple lived on the Willowbrook
campus, making it the biggest
state-run institution for mentally
disabled people in the United
Willowbrook residents and
their parents, aided by civil liber-
tarians and mental health advo-
cates, sued New York State to
prevent further deterioration and
to establish that residents had a
constitutional right to treatment.
The state settled with the plain-
tiffs and signed a court decree in
April 1975 promising to improve
conditions at Willowbrook and to
transfer residents to new homes.
Ms. Blum, a state social serv-
ices official at the time, was
placed in charge of the Metropoli-
tan Placement Unit,set up to find
homes for the residents in what
would be, at the time, the largest
placement of mentally disabled
people in the nation’s history. The
decree ordering the “deinstitu-
tionalization,” which had become
a national trend, called for all but
250 of the residents to be placed
in group homes or foster care by
The task promised to be daunt-
ing. There were no community
organizations trained in perform-
ing such a transfer, and many es-
tablished social services groups
refused to participate, doubting
that the task could be done at all,
much less on time. Others had turned down the
job, and Ms. Blum later ex-
pressed suspicion that Gov. Hugh
L. Carey’s aides had chosen her
to lead the unit, a largely autono-
mous body, so that she would be
the scapegoat if the effort failed. “There seemed to be a kind of
precipitous desire to see that I
was there for the court,” she said
in an interview for the 1984 book
“The Willowbrook Wars,” by Da-
vid and Sheila Rothman.
As it happened, logistical and
legal difficulties delayed the emp-
tying of Willowbrook until 1987.
But working with Roman Catho-
lic and black community organ-
izations, Ms. Blum found more
than 100 homes for more than
1,000 Willowbrook residents de-
spite meeting intense opposition
in neighborhoods; in some in-
stances, she was pelted with
eggs, and her nose was broken.
To Ms. Blum, the assignment
was also a personal mission. Her
second son, Jonathan, was pro-
foundly affected by autism.
Barbara Jean Rebecca Bennett
was born on Jan. 18, 1930, in Bea-
ver, Pa. She graduated from Vas-
sar College as a mathematics ma-
jor. In 1951, she married Robert
M.Blum, who survives her. In ad-
dition to her sons Thomas and
Jonathan, she is survived by her
son Stephen; a daughter, Jenni-
fer Weinschenk; and five grand-
children. Robert Blum, a former Olym-
pic fencer, became an aide to Mr.
Lindsay, first in Congress and
then at City Hall. Mr. Blum fre-
quently told Mr. Lindsay how
hard it was to find help for Jona-
than. Mr. Blum and his wife had
banded together with other par-
ents to start their own nursery
school and an organization to lob-
by for mentally disabled people.
One of the mayor’s first official
acts was to appoint Ms. Blum to
the New York City Community
Mental Health Board.
She went on to a number of city
government posts, including dep-
uty commissioner for mental
health and mental retardation
services, commissioner for spe-
cial services to children and di-
rector of a council on child wel-
fare that encompassed 50 city
In 1973, she was named assist-
ant executive director of the
state’s social welfare board. In
1975, she was given the additional
job of heading the Metropolitan
Placement Unit. In 1977, Gover-
nor Carey appointed her commis-
sioner of the State Department of
Social Services. In later years, among other po-
sitions, she was a senior fellow at
the Columbia University Mail-
man School of Public Health. Six years after the last resi-
dents left Willowbrook, its build-
ings became a campus of the Col-
lege of Staten Island.
Jonathan Blum has lived for
years in a group home in Brook-
lyn,where, his brother Thomas
said, he has achieved a regular
schedule of walks, exercise and
going to the store to buy a soda.
Barbara Blum, 82, Dies; Saved Willowbrook Residents
Barbara Blum in 1982, the last year she served as the commis-
sioner of the New York State Department of Social Services.
A daunting task of
finding safe homes for
hundreds of mentally
disabled people.
Beano Cook, whose authorita-
tive growl and curmudgeonly but
witty observations as an analyst
for ESPN and other networks
earned him the nickname the
Pope of College Football,was
found dead Thursday morning in
a Pittsburgh nursing home. He
was 81.
E.J. Borghetti, media relations
director for the University of
Pittsburgh, a job Mr.Cook once
held, confirmed the death. Mr.
Cook had had diabetes, heart dis-
ease and other ailments. In 1982, Sports Illustrated
called Mr. Cook “arguably the
country’s leading authority on
college football,” and his exper-
tise and exposure only grew over
the next two decades. He found
his widest audience as a studio
commentator before Saturday af-
ternoon games. In recent years,
he was on a weekly ESPN pod-
For all his rumpled appearance
and eccentric manner (which he
cultivated), Mr. Cook was widely
respected and influential. Bob
Smizik, a sports columnist for
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,
wrote in 2006 that Mr. Cook could
place a phone call and make a de-
serving player an all-American.
His commentary was sprinkled
with historical references — to
Churchill and Stalin, say — and
truths wrapped in humor. Re-
sponding to complaints about the
length of games, he agreed, say-
ing they lasted longer than mar-
riages. He said colleges spent
more money promoting candi-
dates for the Heisman Trophy
than the Pentagon spent for toi-
His most famous line, oddly
enough, concerned baseball.
When Iran released the Ameri-
can hostages in 1981, Mr. Cook
had a quick response on hearing
that the baseball commissioner,
Bowie Kuhn,was giving them
lifetime passes to major league
games: “Haven’t they suffered
Carroll Hoff Cook was born in
San Francisco on Sept. 1, 1931,
and when he was young his fam-
ily moved first to Boston and
then to Pittsburgh.Friends called
him Beano,borrowing from Bos-
ton’s nickname,Beantown. As a
teenager he hitchhiked to New
York to see the Army-Michigan
game, and to Philadelphia for the
Army-Navy game.
He graduated from the Uni-
versity of Pittsburgh in 1954,
served two years in the Army
and worked as Pitt’s sports publi-
cist for the next decade. The ath-
letic director who hired him as-
suaged Mr. Cook’s initial ner-
vousness by saying,“No matter
how bad you screw up, Beano,
they are still going to kick off at 1
“That put it in perspective,”
Mr. Cook said.
At Pitt, he built a national rep-
utation for telling the unvar-
nished truth. “I won’t even lie for
Pitt,” he told the trade magazine
Editor & Publisher in 1963.
“He has always been an enig-
ma in the field of press agentry,”
the magazine said. “He is about
as forthright as a bayonet, and
writers respect him as the most
honest, forthright man in this bi-
zarre business.”
He added to his reach, inde-
pendent of Pitt, by writing and
syndicating a weekly column of
interviews with famous athletes
around the nation.
His most audacious publicity
stunt at Pitt was never pulled off.
He had the idea of posing Pitt’s
star basketball player alongside
Dr. Jonas Salk, who had devel-
oped his polio vaccine at Pitt. Mr.
Cook’s proposed caption: “The
world’s two greatest shot mak-
ers.” Dr. Salk refused to go along.
After leaving Pitt in 1966, Mr.
Cook worked in corporate and
news positions for CBS, ABC,
Mutual Radio and the Miami Dol-
phins before settling at ESPN.
But his years at Pitt were nev-
er forgotten. In one tale he often
told, as recounted by Sports Illus-
trated, Mr. Cook received a phone
call one day from a woman ask-
ing for a copy of the roster of the
Pitt football team. Mr. Cook said
she should wait until the squad
was cut,to 75 or 80 players from
the original 120. “Otherwise it’s
really a waste of your time,” he
But the woman demanded the
roster immediately. He asked
why. “Because,” she said, “I want
to sleep with everybody on the
Pitt football team.”
Mr. Cook gasped, but rallied.
“Well,” he said, “in alphabetical
order, starting at guard... Cook,
Beano Cook, 81, Irreverent Football Analyst
Beano Cook was a sports pub-
licist before joining ESPN.
Earning a nickname:
The Pope of College
Football. “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves”
(1944),“Sudan” (1945) and
“Night in Paradise” (1946).
“Turhan Bey gives a boyish
imitation of Rudolph Valentino as
the desert sheik,” Bosley Crowth-
er wrote in The New York Times
in his review of “Sudan,” a ro-
mantic adventure about a prin-
cess whose life and throne are
saved by the leader of liberated
Among Mr. Bey’s many other
movies were “The Mummy’s
Turhan Bey, whose dark good
looks, swept-back hair and sooth-
ing, Continental voice brought
him fame in swashbuckling films
of the 1940s,died on Sept. 30 in
Vienna. Mr. Bey,who was a fash-
ion photographer in his later
years, was 90.
Marita Ruiter, who exhibited
his photos in her gallery in Lux-
embourg, told the Austria Press
Agency that the cause was Par-
kinson’s disease. The son of a Turkish father and
a Jewish mother from Czechoslo-
vakia, Mr. Bey was repeatedly
described as “exotic” at the
height of his popularity and has
been referred to as “the Turkish
delight.” During World War II,
when many of Hollywood’s lead-
ing men were in the military, he
was frequently seen in movie
magazines, often in safari
“He has brought a new person-
ality type to the screen,” Screen
Guide magazine wrote of him in
1944. “He is cultured, suave and
inscrutable — made to order for
moviegoers.” Mr. Bey, who ap-
peared in more than 30 movies, is
perhaps best known for his roles
in the “Arabian Nights” series,
often opposite Jon Hall, Sabu and
another actor widely viewed as
exotic, Maria Montez. The series
includes “Arabian Nights” (1942),
Tomb” (1942),“Drums of the
Congo” (1942),“White Savage”
(1943), “Adventures of Casanova”
(1948) and “Prisoners of the Cas-
bah” (1953).
Mr. Bey’s career began to fade
after the likes of Clark Gable and
Robert Taylor came home from
military service. He returned to
his native Vienna in the
mid-1950s, and to his childhood
passion, photography. But four decades later, after at-
tending an American Cinema
Awards banquet in Hollywood,
he decided to step in front of the
camera again. He had a guest
role on “Murder, She Wrote,” a
co-starring role in the 1993 movie
“Healer” and a leading role in the
science-fiction television series
“Babylon 5.” Turhan Selahattin Sahultavy
was born in Vienna on March 30,
1922. His father was a Turkish
military attaché assigned to Aus-
tria, where he met the woman
who would become his wife. After
the parents divorced, the child
and his mother left Austria to es-
cape the Nazis, eventually arriv-
ing in Los Angeles. No immediate family members
survive. In 1941, after Mr. Bey enrolled
in classes to improve his English,
his teacher asked him to take
part in a play he was staging. A
Warner Brothers talent scout
happened to be in the audience.
He was soon signed to a contract
as Turhan Bey.
“It was quite wonderful in
those years,” he told The Toronto
Star in 1991. “One was young and
good-looking,and it seems those
were the very two things every-
one was looking for.”
Turhan Bey, 90, Screen’s ‘Turkish Delight’
Turhan Bey in “Ali Baba and
the Forty Thieves” (1944). An actor ‘cultured,
suave and
A slide show highlighting
the lives of some of those who
died in 2012.
OBERNAUER—Marne,age 93,
passed away on October 10,
2012 in his home in West
Palm Beach,FL.He was pre-
deceased a few months earli-
er by his wife of 71 years,
Joan Strassburger Obernauer,
but he is survived by his son,
Marne Obernauer,Jr (Peggy)
and his daughter Wendy
Obernauer Damon,who were
by his bedside.He is also sur-
vived by his brother Somer
Obernauer,one granddaugh-
ter,three grandsons and one
great-granddaughter.He was
also predeceased by his par-
ents Anna and Arthur Ober-
nauer.Mr.Obernauer was
born and raised in Pittsburgh,
PA and graduated from
Shady Side Academy and
then Cornell University in
1941.Shortly thereafter he ac-
cepted a commission as an
officer in the United States
Navy and served in World
War II in a division of Naval
Aviation called"Lighter than
Air"(blimps).After the war
Mr.Obernauer began his ca-
reer in the hospitality indus-
try,eventually focusing on
the Wine and Spirits industry.
In 1955 he became owner and
operator of a New York State
winery which produced Great
Western wines and cham-
pagnes.After merging that
company with the Taylor
Wine 1961,he later
moved on to become a lead-
ing wholesaler,acquiring Bo-
hemian Distributing Co.,then
the largest wholesale distribu-
tor of wines and spirits in
Southern California,and later
Beverage Distributors Co.of
Colorado,now a member of
the Charmer Sunbelt Group.
He was loved and respected
by many friends and col-
leagues and especially his
family.Services at Ralph
Schugar Chapel,Inc.5509 Cen-
tre Avenue,Pittsburgh,PA,
on Sunday at 2pm.Visitation
one hour prior to services (1-
2pm).Interment West View
Cemetery of Rodef Shalom
Congregation.In lieu of flow-
ers,the family requests
memorial contributions in his
name be made to the Cornell
School of Hotel Management,
189 Statler Hall,Ithaca,NY
14853 or Rodef Shalom Tem-
ple,4905 Fifth Avenue,Pitts-
burgh,PA 15213.
STERN—Francine Martin,at
home on October 12,2012 at
age 68 after a long,brave
battle with multiple sclerosis.
Beloved mother of Remy and
Mariel;sister of Laura;moth-
er-in-law of Karen and
Matthew;grandmother of
Madelyn.A renowned pedi-
atric physical therapist,she
will be remembered for her
spirit and dedication to fami-
ly.Services Sunday 1pm at
"The Riverside,"76th Street
and Amsterdam Avenue.
SWISHA—Gordon L.,age 45,
of Fairfield,CT,owner of
Electrix,Inc.,of New Haven,
CT,died October 8,2012.A
talented architectural lighting
designer accredited with vari-
ous patents,his company has
been involved in the custom
lighting of numerous land-
mark buildings throughout the
world.He is survived by his
parents,Haim and Birthe Sh-
Sachs,and wife,Christine,
and Jane Sachs;brothers-in-
law,Jonathan Sachs,and
wife,Kelly and Christopher
Sachs;several nieces and
nephews;numerous dear
friends;his dedicated staff at
Electrix,Inc.Calling hours will
be held on Sunday from 1-
3pm in the Lesko & Polke Fu-
neral Home,of Fairfield Cen-
ter,with a service to follow at
3pm.Interment will be pri-
vate.To read his complete
notice,or travel directions,
please visit:
Babb, Bernard
Bashover, Albert
Fox, Jeanne
Futoran, Herbert
Goldfarb, Aron
Kargman, Douglas
Kipness, Ira
Lynn, Harold
Martinson, Frances
Obernauer, Marne
Stern, Francine
Swisha, Gordon
BABB—Bernard,a legal schol-
and humanitarian passed
away October 3rd,2012 while
vacationing in Holland.He
was 81 years of age and is
survived by his beloved wife
of 36 years,Frances Babb,his
two sons from a previous
marriage,John and Christo-
pher Babb,and his two grand-
children,Xavier and Dorothy.
Mr.Babb attended St.Peter
Claver School and Cathedral
Preparatory Seminary.Gradu-
ate of St.John's University
where he received his under-
graduate degree in 1953,
served two years in the Unit-
ed States Army,and returned
to St.John's School of Law
receiving his Juris Doctorate
in 1958.He was an avid sup-
porter of the Vincentian val-
ues and carried this through-
out his lifetime.He began his
career with the Legal Aid So-
ciety to serve the underprivi-
leged.He then served for 15
years as a trial attorney and
subsequently as the Assistant
Chief of the Civil Division for
the United States Justice De-
partment.After retiring from
Public Service,Mr.Babb went
into private practice specializ-
ing in International Customs
Trade Law and became a
partner with Wasserman,
Schneider,Babb,and Reed.
Currently,he was of Counsel
to Simons and Wiskin and
was serving as a Court Evalu-
ator for the Appellate Divi-
sion,2nd Judicial Department.
Mr.Babb was a member of
the McCallen Society at St.
John's University,served as
an Adjunct Professor of Law,
and was the recipient of the
Pietas Medal,one of the high-
est Honors conferred by St.
John's University.He will be
waked at Terregrossa's Fu-
neral Home in Brooklyn on
October 13th and 14th,2012.A
Funeral Mass will be held on
Monday,October 15th,2012 at
10:00am at the Assumption of
the Blessed Virgin Mary in
Brooklyn Heights.
BASHOVER—Albert.Age 88
died October 7 after a brief
illness.Born in Newark,NJ,
son of hardworking immi-
grants Isadore and Dora.En-
listed December 1941,90 day
wonder in USN.Married to
Beatrice Dansiger for 64
beautiful years.Graduate
Newark State on GI bill,
Masters degree and post
Masters degrees.Self taught
engineer,holder of over 100
writer,and Renaissance man
who passed his many gifts
on to those who knew him.
Survived by four children
and 10 grandchildren.He
showed us that we can do
anything that we put our
minds to.Always a rational
and happy man.
FOX—Jeanne McNulta,of
Garden City and East Hamp-
ton,NY,died October 11,2012.
Born 1928 in the Bronx,she
graduated from Walton High
School at age 16.She graduat-
ed from Cornell University in
1949 with a degree in home
economics.A devoted volun-
teer for Helen Keller Services
for the Blind,the Girl Scouts,
and the Stratford School Li-
brary,she also enjoyed knit-
and traveling the world with
her husband.In recent years,
she was cared for by the kind
staff at Harbor House in Oys-
ter Bay.Loving wife of 59
years to Gerard F.Fox (de-
ceased 2008).Beloved moth-
er of Patricia (deceased 2002),
Maureen (Rodney VenJohn),
Catherine (Genaro Lozano),
and Elizabeth.Devoted
Grammy of Madeline and
Joseph.Sister of the late Joan
McNulta Hole.Sister-in-law of
Grace McCabe and Donald
Fox.She will be greatly
missed by all who knew her.
Friends welcome at Fairchild
Sons Funeral Chapel in Gar-
den City,Sunday from 2-4 and
7-9pm.Mass at St.Joseph's
Church,Garden City,Monday
at 10am.Donations appreciat-
ed to Cornell University (note
for Jeanne McNulta Fox),
P.O.Box 223623,Pittsburgh,
PA 15251-2623.
FUTORAN—Herbert,at home
on October 11,2012.Attorney
and partner of Wollerstein
and Futoran,in-house counsel
for Eveready Insurance.De-
voted father of Jeffrey and
Sandra Futoran,Nicole and
Barry Moscowitz,Alison Fu-
toran-Maxen and Ian Maxen.
Longtime companion of Sally
Safdieh.Adored grandfather
of Cosette,Ava,Arden,Ruby
and Piper,and grand-dogs
Busby and Flynn.Dear broth-
er of Jack Futoran and Paula
Zeitlin.Service Sunday,Octo-
ber 14,1:15pm at"The River-
side,"76 Street and Amster-
dam Avenue.
Survivor and Founder of the
G-III Apparel Group,beloved
and great-grandfather passed
away after a long illness on
October 8,2012,at the age of
88.Born February 10,1924,in
Bialobrzegi,Poland,Aron was
a Holocaust survivor who
overcame seemingly insur-
mountable odds and founded
a successful apparel business
known as the G-III Apparel
Group.The son of Moshe and
Sarah Goldfarb,he was one
of seven children and one of
three to survive the Holo-
caust.When the Germans
took Aron from his father,the
last words his father said to
him were"go,my son...maybe
you will survive".Those words
would stay with him for the
rest of his life and eventually
would become the title of a
book he wrote about his
struggle.Aron's family was
sent to the Treblinka concen-
tration camp in 1941,while
Aron and his older brothers
Itzhak and Abraham were
sent to the Pionki labor camp.
Another brother,Jacob,would
survive the war by escaping
to Russia.In 1944,Aron with
his brothers and a friend Zis-
man Birman escaped from
the camp and fought for sur-
vival in the forests of Poland.
His brother Itzhak and Zisman
Birman were caught while in
hiding and executed.Aron
and Abraham would survive
the war by living in a bunker
they built not far from a Ger-
man gunnery position near
their hometown.Armed with
only their familiarity with the
landscape and their courage
they would break into the
German outpost not far from
their hiding spot and steal
food and supplies through the
winter of 1944.In 1978,the
brothers returned to Poland
to retrieve the remains of
Itzhak and Zisman and
brought them to be buried in
Israel.While in a Displaced
Persons camp in Germany
following the end of the war,
Aron saw Esther Disman and
immediately asked her to a
movie.They were soon mar-
ried and moved to Israel
where Aron was a farmer
while serving in the Israeli
Army.Their son Morris was
born in Israel and the family
came to the United States in
1956 where Aron,Abraham
and Jacob were reunited.
Aron and Esther's second son
Ira was born soon after.Aron
used his skills learned in
Poland as an apprentice to a
shoe maker to start in 1956
what is today known as the
G-III Apparel Group.What
started out as a small leather
company is still thriving.Aron
is survived by his wife Esther;
his son Morris and daughter-
in-law Arlene and son Ira;his
grandchildren Laura,Jeffrey,
Scott,Samantha and Brett;
great-grandchildren Joshua,
Sabrina and Tristan.Aron will
be missed but his memory,
lessons and legacy will be
carried on by all those who
loved him and all the lives he
KARGMAN—Douglas Evan,
MD MS passed away unex-
pectedly on October 9,2012.
Douglas was a beloved and
wonderful son to his parents
Milton and Gloria,a loving
and loyal brother to Jeffrey,
Jonathan,and Steven,a de-
voted brother-in-law to Robin,
and a doting uncle to Brooke
and Tyler.As a neurologist
with a specialization in stroke,
Douglas was a consummate
sionate and humane,some-
one who brought the utmost
dedication and commitment
to treatment of his patients,
and an expert clinician and
researcher with encyclopedic
knowledge and mastery of his
field who was held in the
highest regard by his peers
and colleagues.He was extra-
ordinarily kind,generous and
thoughtful to all who came in
contact with him,and he nev-
er hesitated to help anyone at
any time of the day who
sought his advice or guidance.
Douglas received his MD at
Stony Brook University
School of Medicine and his
MS in Epidemiology from
Columbia University School of
Public Health,and he com-
pleted his residency in neurol-
ogy at NYU School of Medi-
cine and his fellowship in
stroke and neuroepidemiolo-
gy at the Neurological Insti-
tute of Columbia University.
He conducted pathbreaking
research on stroke under
grants he received from NIH,
was selected to present acad-
emic papers at leading inter-
national neurology confer-
ences at a very young age,
published numerous influen-
tial articles in major peer-re-
viewed medical journals,ad-
vised international and non-
profit organizations on public
health issues,and served on
the faculty of the Columbia
University College of Physi-
cians and Surgeons.Douglas
was a brilliant young man
who had a huge heart and un-
limited compassion for oth-
ers.He was a magnificent hu-
man being who was loved
and admired deeply by all of
his family and friends,and we
will miss him dearly for the
rest of our lives.Funeral ser-
vices will be held graveside
on Sunday,October 14 at
12:45 pm,Old Montefiore
Cemetery,121-83 Springfield
Boulevard,Springfield Gar-
dens,Queens,NY 11413.
KIPNESS—Ira.We are filled
with sadness and mourn the
loss of a wonderful friend.
He was the greatest and
filled all those who knew
him with light and laughter.
We will never forget him.
The Salomon Family
LYNN—Harold Michael,75,
died at home in NYC early
Wednesday morning,October
11,after a courageous battle
with cancer.Beloved husband
of 26 years to Christine
Robert,adoring father to
and Alexander,and father-in
law to Pam,Kirsi and Todd.
Entertaining grandfather to
Tyler,Troy and Bradley.Sur-
vived by his brother and sis-
ter-in-law,Lawrence and
Jackie and his former spouse
Suzanne Lynn Schulman.
Harold was a lover of life,an
avid reader,and an adventur-
ous traveler.He brought his
artistic eye to many success-
ful businesses as a manufac-
turer of women's clothing and
a real estate developer in
New York and the Caribbean.
He will be missed for his in-
telligent conversation,ardent
political views,wonderful
cooking,seamless travel plan-
ning,endless lists of books we
should read and keen sense
of business advice.Memorial
service will be held on Sun-
day,October 14,12:45pm at
Riverside Memorial Chapel,
76th St.and Amsterdam Ave.
Donations may be made in
his name to Memorial Sloan
Kettering Cancer Center.
MARTINSON—Frances Steyer
Sirota,an attorney,October
7.Survived by son John S.
Martinson (Suzanne) of Par-
adise Valley,AZ,daughter,
Linda Martinson Mayer
(Chris) of New York,and
grandchildren Jillian,Johan-
na,and CJ Mayer of New
York,and Neo and Eco
Martinson of Paradise Val-
ley,AZ.Tributes to Frances
S.Martinson Scholarship
Fund at Columbia University
Law School,American Folk
Art Museum,and Shake-
speare & Co.,(Lennox,MA).
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