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The New York Times - Saturday, October 6, 2012

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VOL.CLXII..No. 55,916
©2012 The New York Times
NEWYORK,SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Late Edition
Today, some sun, a shower later,
warm, high 75. Tonight, partly
cloudy, turning cooler, low 48. To-
morrow, colder and turning rainy,
high 55. Weather map, Page D8.
$2.50
By MICHAEL WINES
BOSTON — He came into of-
fice with a mandate to shake
things up, an agenda laden with
civics-book reforms and a raging
fiscal crisis that threatened to
torpedo both. He sparred with a
hostile legislature and suffered a
humiliating setback in the mid-
term elections. As four years
drew to a close, his legacy was
blotted by anemic job growth,
sagging political popularity and
— except for a landmark health
care overhaul bill — a record of
accomplishment that disappoint-
ed many.
That could be the Barack Oba-
ma that Mitt Romney depicted in
Wednesday’s presidential debate
as an ineffective and overly parti-
san leader. But it could also be
Mitt Romney, who boasted of a
stellar record as Massachusetts
governor, running a state dom-
inated by the political opposition.
Mr. Romney did score some
successes beyond his health care
legislation, notably joining a
Democratic legislature to cut a
deficit-ridden budget by $1.6 bil-
lion and revamping a troubled
school building fund. Some out-
side experts and former aides
say his administration excelled at
the sorts of nuts-and-bolts effi-
ciencies that make bureaucracies
run better, like streamlining per-
mit approvals and modernizing
jobs programs.
As a Republican governor
whose legislature was 87 percent
Democratic, Mr. Romney said in
Wednesday’s debate, “I figured
out from Day 1 I had to get along,
and I had to work across the aisle
to get anything done.” The result,
he said, was that “we drove our
schools to be No. 1 in the nation.
We cut taxes 19 times.”
But on closer examination, the
record as governor he alluded to
looks considerably less bur-
nished than Mr. Romney sug-
gested. Bipartisanship was in
short supply; Statehouse Demo-
crats complained he variously ig-
nored, insulted or opposed them, BIPARTISAN CLAIM GETS CLOSER LOOK
As Governor, Romney
Left Uneven Legacy
Continued on Page A11
By AMY O’LEARY
This fall, 16 high schools in Cal-
ifornia started experimental
workshops, billed as a kind of
“shop class for the 21st century,”
that were financed by the federal
government. And over the next
three years, the $10 million pro-
gram plans to expand to 1,000
high schools, modeled on the
growing phenomenon of “hacker-
spaces” — community club-
houses where hackers gather to
build, invent or take things apart
in their spare time. But the money has stirred
some controversy. The financing
for the schools program is one of
several recent grants that the De-
fense Advanced Research
Projects Agency, or Darpa, has
made to build closer ties to hack-
ers. Unlike the hackers who cripple
Web sites and steal data, the peo-
ple the government is working
with are more often computer
professionals who indulge their
curiosity at their local hacker-
space. But the financing has
prompted criticism that the mil-
itary’s money could co-opt these
workshops just as they are start-
ing to spread quickly. There are about 200 hacker-
spaces in the United States, a
sharp jump from the handful that
existed five years ago. The work-
shops, with names like the Hack-
tory, Jigsaw Renaissance and
Hacker Dojo, have incubated suc-
cessful businesses like Pinterest,
the social networking site, and
are seen as hotbeds for recruiting
engineers and computer scien-
tists. “Magic comes from these
places,” said Peiter Zatko, a pro-
gram manager at Darpa, who is
reaching out to these workshops, DANNY GHITIS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Sean Auriti at Alpha One Labs, a hackerspace in Brooklyn. A group he is in recently got a grant. Paying Hackers, Military Forms Uneasy Alliance
Continued on Page A14
By PETER APPLEBOME
HARTFORD — If Linda E. Mc-
Mahon is elected to the United
States Senate from Connecticut,
her victory will be due in large
part to women like Dorothy Mar-
tin-Neville. Dr. Martin-Neville said she
voted for Richard Blumenthal in
Ms. McMahon’s unsuccessful
Senate race two years ago. She is
a registered Democrat who says
she will vote for President Oba-
ma, would rather see Democrats
keep control of the Senate and
has a brother who worked for
Representative Barney Frank of
Massachusetts. But after meet-
ing Ms. McMahon, the Repub-
lican nominee, at several of the
approximately 200 all-female get-
togethers Ms. McMahon has held
across the state, she said she be-
came an enthusiastic supporter. “I believe we need more wom-
en in politics,” said Dr. Martin-
Neville, a psychotherapist and
motivational speaker. “There are
women in Washington who are
working to create the common
good, and we need more of them.
I believe in Linda’s approach to
work across party lines and work
for people, not the parties.” In her 2010 race, the exit poll
conducted by Edison Research
showed that Ms. McMahon, the
former professional wrestling ex-
ecutive, lost the women’s vote by
19 percentage points, dooming a
candidacy in which she spent $50
million of her own money. This
time, she has focused relentlessly
on female voters in a year when
Democrats have tried to make For Woman in Senate Race,
Uphill Fight for Female Votes Continued on Page A19
JESSICA HILL/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Linda E. McMahon, a Repub-
lican running in Connecticut. Because they are based on a
small sample, employment num-
bers are volatile, particularly at
back-to-school time. Page B1. Making Sense of the Data
By WILLIAM NEUMAN
CUMANÁ, Venezuela — Hugo
Chávez, a polarizing president
who has led Venezuela for nearly
14 years, has many advantages
over the opposition candidate
trying to unseat him on Sunday,
from the airwaves he controls to
the government largess he doles
out with abandon. But one espe-
cially potent weapon in Mr. Chá-
vez’s arsenal is what might be
called the fear factor.
Many Venezuelans who are ea-
ger to send Mr. Chávez packing,
fed up with the country’s lacklus-
ter economy and rampant crime,
are nonetheless anxious that vot-
ing against the president could
mean being fired from a govern-
ment job, losing a government-
built home or being cut off from
social welfare benefits. “I work for the government,
and it scares me,” said Luisa
Arismendi, 33, a schoolteacher
who cheered on a recent morning
as Mr. Chávez’s challenger, Hen-
rique Capriles Radonski, drove
by in this northeastern city, wav-
ing from the back of a pickup
truck. Until this year, she always
voted for Mr. Chávez,and she
hesitated before giving her name,
worried about what would hap-
pen if her supervisors found out
she was switching sides. “If Chá-
vez wins,” she said, “I could be
fired.” Although polls diverge widely,
with some predicting a victory
for Mr. Chávez and others show-
ing a race that is too close to call,
there is wide agreement that Mr.
Chávez is vulnerable as never be-
fore. Handicapping the election is
complicated by the angst felt by
many Venezuelans that a vote for
the opposition could bring retali-
ation.
Adding to that anxiety, the gov-
ernment recently introduced a
new electronic voting system
that many Venezuelans fear
might be used by the government
to track those who vote against
the president. Electoral officials FEAR OF LOSING
BENEFITS AFFECTS
VENEZUELA VOTE
CHÁVEZ RUNNING AGAIN
Widespread Belief That
a Government Will
Track Dissenters
Continued on Page A6
By SHAILA DEWANand MARK LANDLER
The jobless rate abruptly
dropped in September to its low-
est level since the month Presi-
dent Obama took office,indicat-
ing a steadier recovery than pre-
viously thought and delivering
another jolt to the presidential
campaign. The improvement lent ballast
to Mr. Obama’s case that the
economy is on the mend and
threatened the central argument
of Mitt Romney’s candidacy, that
Mr. Obama’s failed stewardship
is reason enough to replace him. Employers added a modest
114,000 jobs last month, the Labor
Department reported on Friday,
but estimates for what had been
disappointing gains in July and
August were revised upward to
more respectable levels. Unemployment fell to 7.8 per-
cent from 8.1 percent, crossing
what had become a symbolic
threshold in the campaign. Mr.
Romney was deprived of a favor-
ite line of attack,mocking the
president for “43 straight months
with unemployment above 8 per-
cent.”
The new numbers may have
less economic than political im-
port, since they represent only
one month of data that can be
quite volatile and give little in-
dication that the plodding recov-
ery has accelerated. “We’ve been amazingly resil-
ient thus far in the face of all
these headwinds,” said Ellen
Zentner, the senior United States
economist for Nomura Securities
International, referring to global
obstacles like the slowdown in
China and domestic ones like the
looming expiration of tax breaks.
“But it’s awfully hard to see get-
ting significantly above that
growth range given that these
headwinds are still in place.”
Still, an energized Mr. Obama
seized on the statistics as he cam-
paigned in Virginia and Ohio,
seeking to regain his footing after
a listless performance in the first
debate this week. Mr. Romney,
whose muscular showing in Den-
ver had emboldened his cam-
paign, scrambled to play down
the report, saying it merely con-
firmed that millions of Americans
had given up looking for work.
In back-to-back rallies in Vir-
ginia, the president declared,
“This country has come too far to
turn back.” His Republican chal-
lenger then insisted, “We don’t
have to stay on the path we’ve
been on. We can do better.”
Some Romney backers, led by JOBLESS RATE SINKS
TO7.8%,ITS LOWEST
FOR OBAMA’S TERM
President Buoyed by News, but Romney
Says It’s Not Sign of Real Recovery
Continued on Page B6
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Students get more fruits and vegetables under new nutritional requirements for public school
lunches, but many children just toss them away, as was clear at a Manhattan middle school.
By VIVIAN YEE
Outside Pittsburgh, they are
proclaiming a strike, taking to
Twitter and Facebook to spread
the word. In a village near Mil-
waukee, hundreds staged a boy-
cott. In a small farming and
ranching community in western
Kansas, they have produced a
parody video. And in Parsippany,
N.J., the protest is six days old
and counting.
They are high school students,
and their complaint is about
lunch — healthier, smaller and
more expensive than ever.
The Healthy, Hunger-Free
Kids Act of 2010, which required
public schools to follow new nu-
tritional guidelines this academic
year to receive extra federal
lunch aid, has created a nation-
wide version of the age-old pa-
rental challenge: persuading
children to eat what is good for
them. Because the lunches must now
include fruits and vegetables,
those who clamor for more
cheese-laden nachos may find
string beans and a peach cup in-
stead. Because of limits on fat
and sodium, some of those who
crave French fries get baked
sweet-potato wedges. Because of
calorie restrictions, meat and
carbohydrate portions are small-
er. Gone is 2-percent chocolate
milk, replaced by skim.
“Before, there was no taste and
no flavor,” said Malik Barrows, a
senior at Automotive High School
in Brooklyn, who likes fruit but
said his classmates threw away
their mandatory helpings on the
cafeteria floor. “Now there’s no
taste, no flavor and it’s healthy,
which makes it taste even
worse.”
Students organized lunch
strikes in a suburb of Pittsburgh,
where in late August the hashtag
“brownbagginit” was trending on
Twitter, and outside Milwaukee,
where the Mukwonago High
School principal, Shawn McNul-
ty, said participation in the lunch
program had fallen 70 percent.
“There is a reduction in nacho
chips, there is a reduction in gar-
lic bread, but there’s actually an
increase in fruits and vegeta-
bles,” Mr. McNulty said. “That’s
a tough sell for kids, and I would
be grumbling, too, if I was 17
years old.” In New Jersey, more than 1,200 No Appetite for Good-for-You School Lunches
Continued on Page A3
The Islamic preacher Abu Hamza al-
Masri was among five terrorism sus-
pects extradited to the United States
from Britain to face charges. PAGE A6
INTERNATIONAL A4-9
Terrorist Suspects Sent to U.S.
Baltimore will face the Yankees after
beating the Rangers in the American
League wild-card game. St. Louis beat
the Braves in the National League game
and will play the Nationals. PAGE D1
SPORTSSATURDAY D1-8
Orioles and Cardinals Play On
Refinery disruptions lead to fuel short-
ages, long lines, closed pumps and high
prices around Los Angeles. PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY B1-7
California Gas Prices Spike The warehouse club store chain Costco
has quietly returned to selling fine art
online, six years after questions were
raised about the authenticity of some of
the Picasso drawings it had offered. PAGE C1
ARTS C1-8
Matisse, Bread, Warhol, Pasta
Syrian troops stormed a Damascus sub-
urb, fighting insurgents near President
Bashar al-Assad’s residence. PAGE A8
A Battle Near Assad’s Palace
A portrait began to emerge of the officer
who killed an unarmed driver.
PAGE A16
NEW YORK A16-19
Portrait of Officer Emerges
A court restored early voting in Ohio the
weekend before the election, a victory
for the Obama campaign. PAGE A10
ELECTION 2012 A10-11
Early Voting Restored in Ohio
Joe Nocera
PAGE A21
EDITORIAL, OP-ED A20-21
Elsie McCabe Thompson, president of
the Museum for African Art, is leaving
after years of delays in opening a new
site on Fifth Avenue. PAGE C1
Museum Chief to Quit
In the Big Deal column, plans for the
tallest residential tower. REAL ESTATE
THIS WEEKEND
At 95 Stories, You’re the Tops
U(D54G1D)y+&!=!]!#!$
A Border Patrol agent killed near the
Mexican border may have been shot ac-
cidentally by another agent. PAGE A12 NATIONAL A12-15 Accident Possible in Shooting
A2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Inside The Times
INTERNATIONAL
Rebels Say West’s Inaction
Is Radicalizing Syria
Fighters seeking the overthrow of
President Bashar al-Assad warn
that the Syrian people are being rad-
icalized by a combination of a grind-
ing conflict and their belief that they
have been abandoned by a watching
world. Frontline leaders of the rebel-
lion say that the West risks losing a
potential ally in the Middle East if
the Assad government should fall.
PAGE A4 Germany’s Sacrament Tax
One of Germany’s highest courts
rankled Catholic bishops by ruling
that the state recognized the right of
Catholics to leave the church — and
therefore avoid paying a tax that is
used to support religious institu-
tions. The Catholic Bishops’ Confer-
ence responded with an uncompro-
mising edict: no payments, no sac-
raments.
PAGE A9
NATIONAL
Homeless Fight Back
Against Panhandling Bans
As cities across the country crack
down on an apparent rise in aggres-
sive panhandling, advocates for the
homeless say the bans go too far.
Several recent legal decisions have
favored a homeless man in Utah
who has been arguing that his right
to free speech is being violated.
PAGE A12
Early Snow in Minnesota
In the northern Minnesota town of
Roseau, 14 inches of snow fell. Na-
tional Weather Service meteorolo-
gists say snowfall will be above nor-
mal this winter in an arc of the coun-
try stretching from Minnesota to
New York.
PAGE A12
University Press Stays Open
Administrators at the University of
Missouri completed a reversal of
their decision to close the universi-
ty’s publishing house when they an-
nounced that the longtime editor in
chief Clair Willcox would be rehired.
The controversy highlighted a
broader challenge that university
presses are grappling with nation-
wide amid shrinking campus budg-
ets and increasing digital publish-
ing.
PAGE A13
NEW YORK
APlace to Call Home
Beyond the Bowery
John Cornelius Foley, known to
many as the Man in the Box, used to
live in a long, wooden box chained to
a “No Parking” sign on Broome
Street — just one creative living ar-
rangement in more than 20 years on
the Bowery. Now a case worker has
managed to place him in a newly
renovated apartment building in the
Bedford Park neighborhood in the
Bronx. Crime Scene. PAGE A16
Fatal Bus Crash Recounted
On the fourth day of the trial of
Ophadell Williams, the man who
was driving a casino bus that
crashed on March 12, 2011, killing 15
passengers, prosecutors showed a
video of the aftermath of the acci-
dent and a survivor whose seat as-
signment might have helped save
her life testified.
PAGE A18
BUSINESS
Pig Farmers Face Pressure
On the Size of the Sty
Some corporate pork buyers,includ-
ing Dunkin’ Donuts,announced that
over the next decade they would no
longer buy pork from pigs housed in
tiny gestation crates. But farmers
argue that the crates are good for
the sow — and consumers. Earlier
efforts to convince the pork industry
to use larger pens have had mixed
success.
PAGE B1 Upending India’s Economy
The economist Raghuram G.
Rajan’s calls for widespread and
speedy changes to India’s economy
are being heard by Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh, who asked him to
leave the University of Chicago and
return to his native country to help
revive the flagging economy. PAGE B3 Saving for Medical Costs
Several recent studies show that
few people are factoring rising
health care costs into their retire-
ment plans. Medicare does not cov-
er all health expenses, so out-of-
pocket costs could include deduct-
ibles, prescription premiums, eye
exams and glasses, hearing aids and
perhaps long-term care. PAGE B5 SPORTS
Club Soccer Rules Pull At Players’ Hometime Ties
With players at academies affiliated
with U.S. Soccer no longer permitted
to play for their high school — an ef-
fort to mimic the international play-
er developmental model —thou-
sands of boys nationwide have been
forced into the delicate position of
choosing between club and commu-
nity.
PAGE D1
College Coaches’ Influence
John R. Silber, the longtime presi-
dent and chancellor of Boston Uni-
versity, thought that college football
coaches held too much power and
proposed that none of them be al-
lowed to coach on game day. Silber
identified an issue that would be-
come more prominent in the dec-
ades that followed, as seen in the
growing list of coaches who have ac-
cumulated immense power and be-
haved badly.
PAGE D1
ARTS
Demise of ‘Rebecca’
Costs More Than Money
For more than 100 people put out of
work by the cancellation of the $12
million Broadway musical “Rebec-
ca,” the hits are both financial and
emotional. The show, which was set
to be one of the bigger musicals of
the season, was called off the day
before rehearsals were going to
start, and it has left many actors and
stage managers scrambling for new
jobs.
PAGE C1 The Last Man’s Loneliness
Heroism is thrust upon the misfit
protagonist of Eugène Ionesco’s ab-
surdist comedy “Rhinoceros,” pre-
sented by the Théâtre de la Ville of
Paris at the Brooklyn Academy of
Music. The director Emmanuel
Demarcy-Mota’s staging marshals a
host of stylish theatrical effects to
support the sometimes heavy-tread-
ing play about the human need to
conform, writes Charles Isherwood.
PAGE C1 Engineering a Plane Crash
The series “Curiosity” sets out to
answer questions by getting hold of
a jet, packing it full of mannequins
and cameras and monitors, and then
crashing it. Review by Neil Genzlin-
ger.
PAGE C4 OBITUARIES
Maurice S. Friedman, 90
He helped popularize the ideas of
Austrian-born philosopher Martin
Buber, writing more than a dozen
books about Buber’s work, including
a three-volume work published in
the early 1980s that is still consid-
ered the definitive English-language
biography.
PAGE B8 Sam Steiger, 83
A New Yorker who transformed
himself into a Western rancher, he
served five terms in the House as a
Republican from Arizona and
barged brashly through a series of
scandals and controversies.
PAGE B8 INTERNATIONAL
An article on Friday about a
search by F.B.I. agents of the
ruins of the American diplomatic
compound in Benghazi, Libya, re-
ferred imprecisely to The Wash-
ington Post’s handling of docu-
ments that a Post reporter found
at the site. The newspaper pro-
vided copies of some of the docu-
ments to the State Department;
it did not turn over any of the
original documents.
A report and a headline in the
World Briefing column on Thurs-
day about terrorism legislation in
France misstated the status of a
draft law that would give the po-
lice more power to arrest people
who travel to camps for training
in conflict zones like Pakistan
and Afghanistan. The country’s
Socialist government introduced
the legislation on Wednesday; it
did not table it, as the report not-
ed, or delay it, as the headline
said.
NATIONAL
An article on Friday about a
plan by the police in Los Angeles
to stop turning over illegal immi-
grants arrested for low-level
crimes to federal officials for de-
portation included outdated in-
formation about reaction by offi-
cials from Immigration and Cus-
toms Enforcement. The officials
said in a statement sent by e-mail
that the I.C.E. had been reform-
ing its own policies to focus re-
sources on “criminals, recent
border crossers and repeat immi-
gration law violators.” It is not
the case that the officials did not
respond to a request for com-
ment. (The e-mail went astray at
The Times and did not reach the
reporter.) THE ARTS
An article on Thursday about
the State Department’s new One-
Beat program, which brings to-
gether musicians from many
countries, included incorrect in-
formation from program repre-
sentatives about a performance
scheduled for today in Brooklyn.
It will take place at the Autumn
Bowl near the waterfront in
Greenpoint, not on the Green-
point waterfront, and it will not
be part of the Bring to Light Fes-
tival, which is not being held this
year.
WEEKEND
An entry in the Spare Times
for Children listings in some edi-
tions on Friday about a concert
by Hot Peas ’N Butter at the Jew-
ish Museum in Manhattan on
Sunday, using information from
the museum, misstated the time.
It is at 11:30 a.m., not at 2 p.m.
An art entry in the Listings
pages on Friday was published in
error. While Yayoi Kusama’s in-
stallation “Fireflies on the Wa-
ter” will be on display at the
Whitney Museum of American
Art through Oct. 28, the retro-
spective of her work that was at
the museum and described in the
entry has closed.
A film review on Friday about
“Butter,” whose plot involves
competitive butter sculpturing,
referred incorrectly to one char-
acter’s creations. They are made
of butter, not lard.
A theater review on Friday
about “Paris Commune,” at the
Brooklyn Academy of Music,
misstated part of the name of the
academy’s festival that is pre-
senting the show. As the listing of
credits with the review correctly
noted, it is the Next Wave Festi-
val, not the New Wave Festival.
Corrections
‘‘
Before, there was no taste and no flavor.
Now there’s no taste, no flavor and it’s healthy,
which makes it taste even worse.
’’
MALIK BARROWS, a senior at Automotive High
School in Brooklyn, on school
lunches. [A1]
QUOTATION OF THE DAY
OP-ED
Gail Collins PAGE A21
Charles M. Blow PAGE A21
VIDEOFor David Carr and A. O.
Scott, the highbrow-lowbrow debate
is much ado about kitty videos.
nytimes.com/arts
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A3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
BEN CURTIS/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Three Kenyans, from left, Jane Muthoni Mara, Wambugu Wa Nyingi and Paulo Muoka Nzili,celebrated a decision by Britain that
they could continue with compensation claims against the British government over torture suffered during colonial rule.
Celebrating a Ruling Over Colonial Abuses in Kenya
people have joined a Facebook
group that urges Parsippany
Hills High School students to
boycott the school lunches. De-
spite the enticement of a Chinese-
themed lunch a week ago Friday,
the first day of the strike, only a
few students bought anything
from the cafeteria, according to
the strike organizers.
The set lunch that cost $2.50
last year now costs $2.60. The caf-
eteria still offers pizza, French
fries and chicken nuggets, but all
of the servings have shrunk. And
the packaged baby carrots and
apples that each student must
take before leaving the lunch line
usually end up in the trash, said
Brandon Faris, a boycott organ-
izer.
“Everybody in the school’s
like, ‘Have you seen the lunch
prices? It’s ridiculous!’” said
Brandon, who derided the Chi-
nese food as a “bribe.” “The por-
tion of the meal went down; the
price should also go down.”
According to the new restric-
tions, high school lunches must
be no more than 850 calories,
middle school lunches no more
than 700 calories and elementary
school lunches no more than 650.
Before, there were no maxi-
mums.
At the same time, prices have
gone up about 10 cents in many
districts for students who do not
qualify for free lunch, both to pay
for fresh fruits and vegetables
and to obey a federal require-
ment that lunch prices gradually
increase to help cover their cost.
In Sharon Springs, Kan., lunch
protesters at Wallace County
High School posted a video on
YouTube, “We Are Hungry”; in
it, students faint in the hallways
and during physical education
class, acting as if they had been
done in by meager helpings of po-
tato puff casserole and chicken
nuggets. To the tune of the song
“We Are Young” by Fun, one stu-
dent on the video sings, “My
friends are at the corner store,
getting junk so they don’t waste
away.” Since it was uploaded three
weeks ago, “We Are Hungry” has
had nearly 900,000 views.
Callahan Grund, a junior who
stars in the video, said, “My opin-
ion as a young farmer and ranch-
er is that we produced this pro-
tein and it’s not being used to its
full advantage.” He wakes up ear-
ly every morning to do chores,
stays after school for two hours of
football practice and returns
home for another round of
chores. If it were not for the
lunches his mother now packs
him, he said, he would be hungry
again just two hours after lunch. In New York City, where school
officials introduced whole-wheat
breads, low-fat milk and other
changes several years ago, the
most noticeable change this year
is the fruit and vegetable require-
ment, which has resulted in some
waste, according to Eric Gold-
stein, the Education Department
official who oversees food serv-
ices. It is not hard to see why. At
Middle School 104 in Gramercy
Park on Friday, several seventh
graders pronounced vegetables
“gross.”
“I just throw them out,” said
Danielson Gutierrez, 12, carrying
a slice of pizza, which he had lib-
erally sprinkled with seasonings,
and a pear. He also offered his
opinion on fruit: “I throw them
out, too. I only like apples.”
Courtney Rowe, a spokeswom-
an for the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, which sets
school food regulations, said that
despite the complaints about
lighter lunches, federal audits
showed the average high school
lunch before this year contained
only 730 calories, less than the
minimum number of calories
they must now contain, 750.
Of course, students may not be
eating all the calories they are be-
ing served, though Ms. Rowe not-
ed that in most schools, students
have the option of buying addi-
tional food à la carte.
Sandra Ford, president of the
School Nutrition Association,
said food service directors were
using a variety of strategies to
get students to embrace the new
menus, including asking teachers
to talk about healthy food in
class, conducting taste tests,
handing out free samples and
educating students about how
their food is grown and made. But the most effective strategy,
several food service directors
said, may simply be waiting. Re-
search shows that children must
be exposed to vegetables 10 to 12
times before they will eat them
on their own, said William J. Mc-
Carthy, a professor of public
health and psychology at the Uni-
versity of California, Los Ange-
les.
“If our task is to get young kids
to eat more fruits and vegetables,
we have to be willing to put up
with the waste,” he said. Few school districts have been
as extreme in their efforts as Los
Angeles, which introduced a
menu of quinoa salads, lentil cut-
lets, vegetable curry, pad Thai
and other vegetarian fare last
fall. When students began reject-
ing the lunches en masse, the dis-
trict replaced some of the more
exotic dishes with more child-
friendly foods, like pizza with
whole-wheat crust, low-fat
cheese and low-sodium sauce.
But this year, even the whole-
wheat pizza is gone, replaced by
calzones, fajitas and other, small-
er entrees with side dishes of
fruits and vegetables.
Nicole Anthony, the cafeteria
manager at one Los Angeles
school, Nimitz Middle School in
Huntington Park, estimated that
out of the 1,800 students, almost
all of whom qualify for a free or
reduced-price lunch, only 1,200,
“on a good day,” now eat the cafe-
teria’s offerings.
Ms. Anthony is not optimistic
that the students will warm to
their new lunches anytime soon
— not as long as they can buy
Flamin’ Hot Cheetos from the
vending machines or brownies
from the student store for lunch.
“Why would I come over here
for a chicken and apple when I
can get a cookie and some Gator-
ade and some gummies?” she
said. “What would you choose?”
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Lunch at Middle School 104 in Manhattan. A city schools official said new menu requirements have led to some waste. Juliet Linderman contributed re-
porting. No Appetite for New Good-for-You School Lunches
VIA YOUTUBE
YANA PASKOVA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Dissatisfied with healthier school lunches, some Kansas stu-
dents made a video parody, top.In Parsippany, N.J., Nicholas
Caccavale, above left, and Brandon Faris organized a boycott.
From Page A1
A4
N
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By SCOTT SHANE and TIM ARANGO
WASHINGTON — American
officials confirmed Turkish news
reports on Friday that two Tu-
nisian men had been detained in
Turkey in connection with the
killing of Ambassador J.Christo-
pher Stevens and three other
Americans in the attack on a
United States diplomatic post in
Libya on Sept. 11.
But the officials said they were
awaiting more information from
the Turkish authorities, and it re-
mained unclear whether the two
were considered to be suspects
or witnesses in the violent attack
in Benghazi, which fell on the 11th
anniversary of the 2001 terrorist
attacks.
Kanal D, a private Turkish tele-
vision network, said the two were
stopped at Ataturk Airport in Is-
tanbul on Wednesday as they
tried to enter the country using
false passports.
Another report, in Sabah, a
Turkish newspaper, said that im-
migration officials had matched
the names of the men, who were
said to be in their mid-30s, to a
list of possible suspects that
American intelligence agencies
had given to security services in
the region. Turkish police officials de-
clined to comment.
A State Department spokes-
man, Mark C. Toner, said Friday
that American officials “have
been in contact with the Turkish
government on this issue,” but he
referred more detailed inquiries
to the F.B.I. Asked about the de-
tained Tunisians, an F.B.I.
spokesman, Paul E. Bresson, said
officials were not “ready to dis-
cuss at this point or in any way
characterize what their involve-
ment may or may not have been.”
President Obama has repeat-
edly pledged to “bring to justice”
those responsible for the deaths
of Mr. Stevens, a popular ambas-
sador whose death provoked a
protest by Benghazi residents, as
well as Sean Smith, a computer
specialist, and Tyrone S. Woods
and Glen A. Doherty, both former
members of the Navy SEALs.
But investigators have faced
many obstacles. So far, Libyan of-
ficials have issued sometimes
conflicting reports about arrests
that offer little hard information.
And security concerns had pre-
vented an F.B.I. team from vis-
iting Benghazi until Thursday,
when they spent several hours on
the scene of the attack. At a news conference on
Thursday, Attorney General Eric
H. Holder Jr. declined to com-
ment in detail on the investiga-
tion. But he suggested that the
F.B.I. team’s limited access to the
crime scene in Benghazi had not
prevented investigators from fol-
lowing other leads.
“You should not assume that
all that we could do or have been
doing is restricted solely to Ben-
ghazi,” Mr. Holder said. “There
are a variety of other places in
country and outside the country
where relevant things could be
done and have been done.” American investigators have
been compiling information on
the militants implicated in the at-
tack, drawing in part on witness
accounts and interviews with
suspected attackers identifying
some as members of a local mili-
tia, Ansar al-Shariah. That raises
questions about what kind of role
the detained Tunisians might
have played.
Senior American military and
counterterrorism officials say
they are preparing for operations
to kill or capture the suspected
perpetrators, though any Ameri-
can action will be politically del-
icate. Much of the Libyan pop-
ulation is friendly to the United
States, which supported the revo-
lution that overthrew Col. Muam-
mar el-Qaddafi, while some of the
country’s many militias are not.
Unilateral American military ac-
tion, including drone strikes or
commando raids, could set off re-
sentment that might cut across
such divides.
2 Tunisians Detained Over Attack In Libya
It is unclear whether
two men, trying to
enter Turkey, are
witnesses or suspects.
Scott Shane reported from Wash-
ington,and Tim Arango from Is-
tanbul. Sebnem Arsu contributed
reporting from Istanbul. By C.J. CHIVERS
SAMAS, Syria — Majed al-Muhammad,
the commander of a Syrian antigovern-
ment fighting group, slammed his hand on
his desk. “Doesn’t America have satel-
lites?” he asked, almost shouting. “Can’t it
see what is happening?”
A retired Syrian Army medic, Mr. Mu-
hammad had reached the rank of sergeant
major in the military he now fights
against. He said he had never been a mem-
ber of a party, and loathed jihadists and
terrorists.
But he offered a warning to the West
now commonly heard among fighters
seeking the overthrow of President Bash-
ar al-Assad: The Syrian people are being
radicalized by a combination of a grinding
conflict and their belief that they have
been abandoned by a watching world.
If the West continues to turn its back on
Syria’s suffering, he said, Syrians will turn
their backs in return, and this may imperil
Western interests and security at one of
the crossroads of the Middle East. This is a theme that has resonated in re-
cent days, not just in Syria, but in Turkey,
where the government fired artillery
shells into northern Syria this week after a
Syrian mortar round hit a Turkish town
and killed five civilians. In Turkey, there is
a growing sense of frustration shared by
the Syrian rebels that the West, the United
States in particular, called for Mr. Assad to
leave power, only to sit quietly on the side-
lines as the crisis transformed into a
bloody civil war.
“We are now at a very critical juncture,”
wrote Melih Asik in the Turkish newspa-
per Milliyet.“We are not only facing Syria,
but Iran, Iraq, Russia and China behind it
as well. Behind us, we have nothing but
the provocative stance and empty prom-
ises of the U.S.”
Across northern Syria, in areas that
rebels have wrested from government
control, such sentiments have become an
angry and routine element of the public
discourse. Wearied by violence, heading
into another winter of fighting, and en-
raged by what they see as the inaction and
hypocrisy of powerful nations, frontline
leaders of the rebellion say that the West BRYAN DENTON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Majed al-Muhammad, center, an opposition commander, said if the West continued to turn its back on Syria’s suffering, Syrians would turn their backs in return. Rebels Say West’s Inaction Is Pushing Syrians to Extremism Continued on Page A8
By THOMAS FULLER
YANGON, Myanmar — To the
saleswomen at a clothing shop
here, the arrival of democracy
means more customers looking
to buy tight skirts and sleeveless
tops, a sharp departure from the
sarongs still ubiquitous in most of
the country and a sign of what
one clerk called a craving to “live
freely.” For a group of lawyers working
out of a garage in central Yangon,
it means the freedom to battle
Chinese investors’ plans to trans-
form a British colonial court
building into a hotel. And for one
of the country’s best-known lin-
guists, it means the right to rail
against the name “Myanmar,”
which the former military gov-
ernment officially bestowed on
the country and forced its citi-
zens to use.
“I live in Burma, not Myan-
mar,” Maung Tha Noe, the lin-
guist, thundered during a recent
interview. “It’s my democratic
right!” The changes that have swept
Myanmar over the past year are
often described in political terms,
starting with the release of the
pro-democracy advocate Daw
Aung San Suu Kyi and hundreds
of other political prisoners. But
the military had such a pervasive
influence over everyday life for
decades that the generals’ relin-
quishing of power last year has
also led to lifestyle changes well
beyond the realm of politics.
Most notably, it has allowed de-
bates on once-taboo subjects, un-
corking five decades worth of
bottled-up opinions.
Writers and linguists have
been freed to debate the use of
words and terms banned under
the junta. There are heated argu-
ments about who should be con-
sidered a citizen and discussions
over the preservation of build-
ings, which might have been
touchy under a junta that cared
enough about appearances that it
built an extravagant new capital
at a time of deprivation.
Myanmar, in short, has begun
to search for a national identity
defined by its people, not the
cloistered vision imposed by mil-
itary governments.
At the heart of the matter, in a
country with 135 recognized eth-
nic groups, is a freer and free-
wheeling debate about the rela-
tionship between the Burmese
majority and the nation’s minor-
ities, a subject that never re-
ceived a full hearing during mil-
itary rule,largely because the
military was at war with a num-
ber of ethnic minorities. At a recent conference in Yan-
gon called “National Identity and
Citizenship in 21st Century
Myanmar,” the elephant in the
room was the hegemony of the
Burmese majority, a group that
includes the military hierarchy
and most senior politicians. Yin Yin Nwe, a panelist from
the Shan minority, denounced a
society where the majority re-
ceived more benefits and better
services. Another panelist, from
the Chin minority, which includes
many Christians, said the current
government and Constitution still
give preferential treatment to
Buddhism.
The overriding question at the
conference was whether Myan-
mar would become a melting pot
or a less integrationist society. U Kyaw Yin Hlaing, a Burmese
academic who has assisted Presi-
dent Thein Sein in peace talks
with minority groups, said the
president was “inspired by the
American identity” and solidly
favored a melting pot. Judging by the divided opin-
ions at the conference, the ques-
tion of ethnic identity is likely to
remain unanswered for years.
But speakers said it was a meas-
ure of the changes in the country
that such a meeting was held at
all.
Yet on some issues, like the
basic question of what the coun-
try should be called, old authori-
tarian ways die hard.
In June, the country’s election
commission warned Ms. Aung
San Suu Kyi to stop referring to
the country as Burma, noting
that the Constitution says, “The
state shall be known as the Re-
public of the Union of Myanmar.”
(The military officially changed
the country’s name in 1989, soon
after quashing a popular revolt
against its rule; some Western
countries, including the United
States, continue to call the coun-
try Burma, as does Ms. Aung San
Suu Kyi, despite the govern-
ment’s admonishment.)
While many younger Burmese
shrug at the question of the coun-
try’s name, Mr. Tha Noe and oth-
er linguists say they feel strongly
about it because of the way the
military went about changing it,
and about how the generals
sought to use language to shape
their message.
They banned references to the
“military coup” of 1962, calling it
a “takeover” by the Tatmadaw,
the formal term for the armed
forces that translates as “great
defense force.”
It remains unclear why the mil-
itary banned the name Burma,
which was used by British colo-
nizers, but also by the Burmese
independence movement that
fought them. With the country now on a path
toward a more democratic soci-
ety, Mr. Tha Noe said he hoped
that language would evolve in a
more “natural process” rather
than by the dictates of a self-
serving military.
For others, that same battle ap-
plies to architecture.
After the move to the newly
built capital, Naypyidaw — with
its grandiose government offices
and a massive military museum
— government offices in Yangon
were abandoned and left to rot in
the tropical heat. Then, as one of
its last major acts, the junta auc-
tioned off some of Yangon’s old-
est buildings through a secret
bidding process.
But details of those auctions
are now being called into ques-
tion, and civic groups, like the
lawyers fighting the conversion
of the court building, are becom-
ing more vocal about preserving
what they call national treasures. “They belong to the people,”
said U Than Thin, the group’s
leader. “That’s why it’s called na-
tional heritage.”
While preservation is partly a
matter of aesthetics, it also
seems inseparable from ques-
tions of identity. Within a few
blocks of each other in downtown
Yangon there is a Buddhist pago-
da, a Hindu temple, a mosque, a
church and, in a country with few
Jews, even a synagogue.
Mr. Kyaw Yin Hlaing, who
studied under Benedict Ander-
son, a scholar known for his work
on how “imagined communities”
become nations, said pinning
down a national identity in a
country with so many ethnic
groups, languages and traditions
might prove impossible. “Sometimes we will have to
leave it undefined,” he said, of-
fering a more cosmic definition of
identity. The new Myanmar, he
said, might be a place where citi-
zens “close their eyes and feel
that they belong there.”
Burma? Myanmar? New Freedom to Debate Includes Name
PHOTOGRAPHS BY KUNI TAKAHASHI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Sule Pagoda in Yangon, Myanmar’s main city, was often the site of protests during five decades of
military rule. The arrival of democracy last year has spurred arguments over national identity.
Women in sarongs gazed at a shop in a Yangon mall offering
modern clothes, another sign of the country’s changing lifestyle.
N
A5
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By JODI RUDOREN
JERUSALEM — Two Israeli
police officers were slightly in-
jured in a clash at a holy site in
Jerusalem that erupted during a
demonstration after Friday Pray-
er, and one Arab protester was
arrested. The protest occurred several
days after a Jewish hard-liner
was accused of breaking the ban
against Jews praying at the
fiercely contested site, called the
Temple Mount by Jews and the
Noble Sanctuary by Muslims.
Hundreds of Muslims emerged
from Al Aksa Mosque on Friday
chanting slogans against Jewish
extremists and throwing stones
at police officers, according to
witnesses and the authorities.
Micky Rosenfeld, a police spokes-
man, said officers “dispersed the
rioters with stun grenades,”
though journalists on the scene
said tear gas was also deployed.
Mr. Rosenfeld said that one
man, an Arab citizen of Israel,
was arrested on suspicion of at-
tempting to stab a police officer,
and that the police expected to
make further “arrests in the com-
ing days of those who were in-
volved in the disturbances.”
Religious Jews revere the site
as the location of their ancient
temples; for Muslims, it is the
third holiest site in the world. The
second Palestinian intifada, or
uprising, was set off in 2000 by a
visit to the site by Ariel Sharon,
then the Likud Party leader.
Since Israel captured East Je-
rusalem during the 1967 war, the
compound has been operated by
the Waqf, the Muslim religious
endowment, with security pro-
vided by Israel. Jews are allowed
to visit the site, except on Fri-
days, but not to pray there. The friction on Friday appears
to have been tied a visit there on
Tuesday by about 500 Jews. Dur-
ing that visit, Moshe Feiglin, a
right-wing activist who frequent-
ly visits the site, was arrested af-
ter he laid on the ground, against
police orders, Mr. Rosenfeld said.
On Wednesday, five Israeli Ar-
abs were arrested on suspicion of
attempting to attack visiting
Jews, Mr. Rosenfeld said; one
Jew was also arrested that day
for not following police orders to
leave as the Arabs approached.
New Clashes at Site in Jerusalem Holy to Both Muslims and Jews
SEBASTIAN SCHEINER/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Israeli police officers patrolling on Friday in Jerusalem, where
there was a clash over a Jewish and Muslim holy site.
Khaled Abu Aker and Isabel
Kershner contributed reporting. A6
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
and opposition leaders defend
the integrity of the system, but
there is significant distrust,and a
big part of Mr. Capriles’s cam-
paign has been to reassure voters
that their votes will remain se-
cret. “The government has sown
this fear,” Mr. Capriles said in an
interview, adding that the reluc-
tance of people to speak their
mind skewed opinion polls in fa-
vor of Mr. Chávez. “If we can
overcome the fear, I believe that
we can win this election by a mil-
lion votes.”
The fear has deep roots. Vene-
zuelans bitterly recall how the
names of millions of voters were
made public after they signed a
petition for an unsuccessful 2004
recall referendum to force Mr.
Chávez out of office. Many gov-
ernment workers whose names
were on the list lost their jobs. Mr. Chávez runs a well-oiled
patronage system, a Tammany
Hall-like operation but on a na-
tional scale. Government work-
ers are frequently required to at-
tend pro-Chávez rallies, and they
come under other pressures. “They tell me that I have to
vote for Chávez,” said Diodimar
Salazar, 37, who works at a gov-
ernment-run day care center in a
rural area southeast of Cumaná.
“They always threaten you that
you will get fired.” Ms. Salazar said that her pro-
Chávez co-workers insisted that
the government would know how
she voted. But experience has
taught her otherwise. She simply
casts her vote for the opposition
and then tells her co-workers
that she voted for Mr. Chávez. “I’m not going to take the risk,”
said Fabiana Osteicoechea, 22, a
law student in Caracas who said
she would vote for Mr. Chávez
even though she was an enthusi-
astic supporter of Mr. Capriles.
She said she was certain that Mr.
Chávez would win and was afraid
that the government career she
hoped to have as a prosecutor
could be blocked if she voted the
wrong way. “After the election, he’s going
to have more power than now,
lots more, and I think he will have
a way of knowing who voted for
whom,” she said. “I want to get a
job with the government so, obvi-
ously I have to vote for Chávez.”
Venezuela is a major oil suppli-
er to the United States and the
election gives voters a stark
choice, with Mr. Chávez, 58,
whose health has been an issue
after he underwent treatment for
an undisclosed form of cancer,
pushing the country further
down the road toward his version
of socialism. Although the Obama
administration would likely relish
a more friendly leader in Cara-
cas, American officials have
steered clear of taking sides in
the election.
Mr. Capriles, 40, who has
served as legislator, mayor and
governor, said he would follow
the Brazilian model of business-
friendly policies to expand the
economy, coupled with social pro-
grams to help the poor. He has
hammered away at government
inefficiencies and mismanage-
ment, and focused on runaway
crime, high on the agenda of ev-
ery Venezuelan. Mr. Capriles’s bid is an uphill
one. Mr. Chávez uses the entire
state apparatus to promote his
campaign, and his influence over-
shadows the courts and the elec-
toral council. He has hugely bol-
stered government spending this
year on social programs to at-
tract voters. And he retains the
loyalty of legions of adoring fol-
lowers. In the last presidential elec-
tion, in 2006, Mr. Chávez won
with more than 62 percent of the
vote. He received 7.3 million
votes then and says he will get 10
million this year.
At campaign events, he urges
supporters to defend his revolu-
tion and to look beyond the many
unresolved problems. “On Oct. 7, what’s at stake is
not whether or not the lights
went out or if there was or wasn’t
running water, or if they haven’t
given me a house, or that I don’t
have a job yet or that I’m angry
at I-don’t-know-who,” Mr. Chávez
said at a rally last week in Matu-
rín, a city southeast of Cumaná.
“What’s at stake is the life of the
country, the future of the youth,
of the children, of all of Venezue-
la.” With discontent rising, though,
Mr. Capriles has made significant
inroads in Mr. Chávez’s strong-
holds, especially poor urban
slums. “He fooled all of us but we are
waking up,” Lisbet Márquez, 46, a
Cumaná high school teacher, said
of the president. She used to sup-
port him but now feels the coun-
try has stagnated. In the working-class Buena
Vista neighborhood where Ms.
Márquez lives, Mr. Chávez got
more than 70 percent of the vote
in 2006, yet today many homes
display Capriles posters. “My family was 100 percent
Chavista,” she said, indicating
that more than two dozen people
in her extended family were
changing their vote from Mr.
Chávez to Mr. Capriles. In Cumaná, the capital of Sucre
State, the roads and highways
are in terrible shape, the sewage
systems are inadequate, power
failures are routine, thousands of
local jobs were lost when Mr.
Chávez banned a form of com-
mercial fishing several years ago,
and the teachers at many schools
refuse to hold classes because the
governor, a Chávez stalwart, has
not paid their full wages. But it has been harder for Mr.
Capriles to dent the strong sup-
port for Mr. Chávez in rural
areas. There, analysts say, poverty
rates are often higher,and the
role of government in people’s
lives can be even more intense
than in cities; the government is
often the biggest employer and
residents may be even more like-
ly to rely on welfare programs. “Before, the people in the coun-
tryside weren’t taken into ac-
count;we were forgotten,” said
Mercedes Rodríguez, 35, who
lives in a mud-wall house in a
hamlet called La Florida, south-
east of Cumaná. Ms. Rodríguez, who has a post-
er of Mr. Chávez on her veranda,
is a member of his political party.
In the morning she works for the
state government in a job that
combines the functions of social
worker and political organizer,
getting those same residents to
marches and out to vote in sup-
port of Mr. Chávez.
“There’s no one else like him,”
she said of Mr. Chávez, predict-
ing that he would win again
handily. PHOTOGRAPHS BY MERIDITH KOHUT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
President Hugo Chávez delivered a speech to a crowd of supporters in Guarenas, Venezuela. More photos: nytimes.com/world.
The opposition presidential candidate, Henrique Capriles Radonski, was mobbed by supporters
during a campaign event in Táchira State. He has been a strong challenger to Mr. Chávez. Fears of Losing Benefits
Affect Voters in Venezuela
From Page A1
THE NEW YORK TIMES
Frustration with the govern-
ment has built in Cumaná.
C
aribbea
n
S
ea
BRA
ZIL
There is wide
agreement that
Chávez is vulnerable
as never before.
By SARAH LYALL and ALAN COWELL
LONDON — Five terrorism
suspects, including the fiery Is-
lamic preacher Abu Hamza al-
Masri, were sent to the United
States on Friday night to face an
array of terrorism charges. Their
extradition came after a British
court ruled they had exhausted
their final appeal, ending years of
legal battles that tested the bal-
ance between civil liberties and
national security.
The Home Office reported that
the five men had left in two jets
from Royal Air Force Base Mil-
denhall in Suffolk. They had been
taken there earlier Friday from
the Long Lartin prison in a police
convoy that included two ar-
mored vans and a minivan with
blacked-out windows. Home Sec-
retary Theresa May said in a
statement that British and Amer-
ican authorities had worked to-
gether “to put plans in place so
that tonight these men could be
handed over within hours of the
court’s decision.”
Mr. Masri, 54, has been an ob-
ject of fascination in this country.
Hook-handed and one-eyed be-
cause of injuries caused by explo-
sives many years ago, he attract-
ed a following among militants as
much as he drew the reproach of
his foes and the attention of the
British security services.
The United States has been
seeking his extradition since 2004
to face 11 charges that include
calling for holy war in Afghani-
stan, playing a role in kidnap-
pings in Yemen and participating
in a plot to set up a terrorism
training camp in Bly, Ore.Since
2006, he has been incarcerated in
Britain on other charges, includ-
ing incitement to murder.
“Each of these claimants long
ago exhausted the procedures in
the United Kingdom,” said Sir
John Thomas, one of two senior
judges hearing the case in the
British High Court. Noting that
they had lost an earlier appeal to
the European Court of Human
Rights, which ruled in favor of ex-
tradition in April, he said it was in
“the interests of justice” that
they be tried as quickly as pos-
sible.
Mark Toner, a spokesman for
the State Department in Wash-
ington, said, “We we are pleased
that the U.K. judicial authorities
approved the extraditions.” The
cases of Mr. Masri and two of the
other men will be prosecuted in
Federal District Court in Manhat-
tan. The others have been in-
dicted in Connecticut.
Before the ruling on Friday, a
crowd of protesters confronted a
line of police officers outside the
Royal Courts of Justice in central
London, brandishing placards
proclaiming “Islam will prevail”
and “U.S. and U.K. the real ter-
rorists.”
Lawyers for Mr. Masri, 54, said
on Tuesday that he was physical-
ly unfit to face the accusations
against him and that it would be
“oppressive” to extradite him un-
der the terms of British law. He
suffers from diabetes, depression
and memory loss, his lawyers
say.
Mr. Masri, born Mostafa Kamel
Mostafa in Egypt, came to Brit-
ain as a student in 1979. As he
grew in stature as a radical
preacher, his fiery sermons at the
Finsbury Park mosque in North
London attracted many followers
at a time when British security
services seemed to play down his
importance. But the mosque became a gath-
ering point for militants who
were later linked to terrorist at-
tacks. One was Richard Reid, the
“shoe bomber,” who is serving a
life term for his attempt to bring
down a trans-Atlantic flight in
December 2001. Another was Za-
carias Moussaoui, accused of
having trained to be the hypo-
thetical “20th bomber” in the 9/11
attacks in the United States. The other men wanted in the
United States are Babar Ahmad,
Seyla Talha Ahsan, Adel Abdul
Bary and Khaled al-Fawwaz. Mr.
Bary and Mr. Fawwaz are
charged in the conspiracy that
led to the killing of more than 200
people in the 1998 bombings of
the American Embassies in Dar
es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairo-
bi, Kenya. Mr. Ahsan and Mr.
Ahmad are charged with provid-
ing support to terrorists and con-
spiracy-related offenses. British Judges Approve Extradition of Muslim Cleric to U.S. on TerrorismCharges
KIRSTY WIGGLESWORTH/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Above, women protested Friday in London against the extradi-
tion of five terrorism suspects. Left, the police clashed with sup-
porters of one of the suspects, the cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri. LEON NEAL/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
Sarah Lyall reported from Lon-
don, and Alan Cowell from Paris.
Charlie Savage contributed re-
porting from Washington. A preacher who
attracted followers,
and the attention of
security services.
N
A7
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By LYDIA POLGREEN
JOHANNESBURG — The
world’s top platinum producer
fired 12,000 workers who refused
to return to work on Friday, ap-
parently an attempt by the com-
pany to stem the tide of wildcat
strikes that have shaken South
Africa’s mining industry and un-
settled Africa’s biggest economy. The move by the company, An-
glo American Platinum, is likely
to heighten tensions in South Af-
rica amid a wave of sometimes
violent and illegal strikes by
workers at platinum, gold and
iron ore mines. Last week,
Moody’s downgraded South Afri-
ca’s bond rating for the first time
since 1994, and the country’s cur-
rency, the rand, has weakened in
recent days. The mining industry has been
in turmoil since Aug. 16, when the
police opened fire on miners who
had gathered outside a mine in
Marikana, killing 34 and wound-
ing dozens more. About 75,000
miners are believed to be on
strike, representing nearly a fifth
of the industry’s work force. Anglo American Platinum said
Friday that just 20 percent of its
workers had been showing up at
its shafts, forcing the closing of
the company’s entire operation in
the Rustenberg area, home to the
world’s richest platinum deposit. Leaders of the African Nation-
al Congress, South Africa’s gov-
erning party, have struggled to
contain the mining crisis despite
their deep ties to trade unions.
The wildcat strikes have been ini-
tiated by rival unions that crit-
icize the A.N.C. and the tradition-
al unions as being too complacent
now that they are in power.
On Friday, a branch leader for
the country’s largest minework-
ers union, the National Union of
Mineworkers, which is closely al-
lied with the A.N.C., was shot to
death near a mine run by Lon-
min, the company at the heart of
the deadly unrest in Marikana,
Reuters reported. A union
spokesman was quoted as saying
that the leader had been killed
“execution-style.” Platinum Company Fires 12,000 Striking Miners in South Africa Other points of view
on the Op-Ed page
seven days a week.
The New York Times
BAKU, Azerbaijan (Agence
France-Presse) — The police in
Azerbaijan’s capital on Friday
clashed with about 200 Muslim
activists who were protesting a
ban on the wearing of head
scarves in the nation’s secondary
schools.
Police officers wielding batons
fought running battles with pro-
testers in the capital, Baku, as
they broke up the rally outside
the Education Ministry. Video of the clashes posted on
the Web site of Radio Azadliq
showed officers beating some of
the protesters with their batons
and some activists fighting back
with sticks.
Several police officers were in-
jured, and 72 people were ar-
rested, the police said. Some of the protesters carried
placards with slogans like “Stop
Islamophobia” and “Freedom for
the hijab.”
The Muslim head scarf, or
hijab, is prohibited under rules
that define what kind of uniforms
students must wear in Azerbai-
jan, a mainly Shiite Muslim coun-
try where the authorities have
been seeking to prevent the rise
of radical Islam.
Clash Over Hijab Ban in Azerbaijan
A8
Ø
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By ANNE BARNARD
BEIRUT, Lebanon — A large
armored contingent of Syria’s
elite Republican Guard stormed a
western Damascus suburb near
the presidential palace on Friday,
residents and antigovernment
activists said, bringing intense
combat with insurgents unusual-
ly close to the doorstep of the em-
battled Syrian leadership.
Hundreds of residents fled the
fighting, which followed days of
shelling by government forces af-
ter a three-month truce collapsed
in the area. Home to hundreds of
Guard members and their fam-
ilies, the suburb extends to with-
in a mile of the palace, the resi-
dence of President Bashar al-As-
sad, which overlooks the capital. The government and its armed
opponents blamed one another,
each claiming that residents of
the neighborhood, Qudsaya, had
requested protection from the
other side. “I feel there is no secure dis-
trict or suburb in the whole of Da-
mascus,” a 40-year-old Qudsaya
resident, who gave only a nick-
name, Abu Mohammed, said in
an interview. “We can see the Re-
publican Palace, and I am sure
that Bashar al-Assad is hearing
his elite forces attack us. He will
not feel happy and sleep well if
the fighting is next to his palace.” On the other side of the capital,
in the suburb of East Ghouta,
rebels celebrated their apparent
downing of a helicopter, docu-
mented in dramatic videos of the
craft losing its rotors, spinning to
earth and exploding, and jubilant
young men dragging its tail sec-
tion behind a pickup truck.
Rebels also claimed to have
seized an air defense base in the
area earlier in the week, in videos
that showed beaming fighters
posing with antiquated surface-
to-air missiles amid smoldering
buildings and army vehicles, in-
sulting Mr. Assad and shouting,
“God willing, we’re coming for
you!”
Taken together, the surge of
military activity portrayed a gov-
ernment forced to exert itself on
many fronts to manage a conflict
that shows no signs of abating. The fighting around Damascus
came as antigovernment activ-
ists reported a renewal of fierce
army shelling of Homs, the cen-
tral city that has long been a trou-
ble spot for Mr. Assad. The shell-
ing demonstrated that the gov-
ernment is still struggling to con-
trol the city, which it had declared
insurgent-free eight months ago
after an extended siege.
The government’s own ac-
counts, issued Friday, of confis-
cating large amounts of heavy
weapons and explosives from
Qudsaya and nearby areas sug-
gested how deeply the rebellion
had penetrated even into a Re-
publican Guard stronghold. And
fears of regional repercussions
continued to build as Turkish ar-
tillery hit Syria for a third consec-
utive day after a Syrian mortar
killed five Turkish civilians on
Wednesday. No casualties were reported in
the cross-border shelling, in
which Turkey reported that an-
other Syrian shell fell on its terri-
tory. But Prime Minister Recep
Tayyip Erdogan, armed with
Thursday’s authorization from
Parliament to respond with fur-
ther military action against Syr-
ia, issued a stern warning.
“Those who attempt to test
Turkey’s deterrence, decisive-
ness and capacity,” the Anatolian
News Agency quoted him as say-
ing, “I say here that they are
making a fatal mistake.”
Turkey is a member of the
NATO alliance, in which an at-
tack on one member country can
be considered an attack on all,
raising the possibility that NATO
could be drawn into the Syria
conflict.
Turkey has also enraged Syria
by providing haven for rebels
during the uprising, by far the
bloodiest of the Arab revolts. Antigovernment activists re-
ported that security forces, led by
4,000 Republican Guard forces,
stormed the Qudsaya area with
artillery and tanks. The government said its forces
had entered because citizens
were “fed up with the acts of kill-
ing, abduction, sabotage and
blocking of roads committed by
the terrorists,” its term for its
armed opponents. Syria’s SANA
state news agency said that
rebels had evicted residents and
turned homes into firing posi-
tions.
Abu Mohammed, the Qudsaya
resident, said that three months
ago the president had sent senior
Republican Guard officers to ne-
gotiate with the people of Qud-
saya and Hameh, a neighboring
area where fighting also flared on
Friday. He said an agreement
had been reached that neither se-
curity forces nor insurgents
would enter the area. “The agreement was good for
both sides; there was no arrest-
ing, no killing and no shabiha,” he
said, referring to pro-government
militias. But recently, he said,
shabiha from the president’s Ala-
wite minority had violated the
truce by killing three young men
and attacking women, so resi-
dents sought protection from
rebels, who began attacking gov-
ernment checkpoints. The gov-
ernment has shelled the area
since Tuesday, according to resi-
dents and video posted by activ-
ists. Rebel video posted on YouTube
purporting to document the cap-
tured air base showed uniformed
insurgents in front of a military
installation with black smoke spi-
raling. Another video showed a jubi-
lant bearded fighter in a crisp
camouflage flak vest and carry-
ing a semiautomatic rifle as he
clambered onto a trailer with
what appeared to be a Soviet-
made SA-2 surface-to-air missile.
Off camera, a voice hails the man,
Abu Khattab, as the leader of the
unit that claimed to have cap-
tured the base. “Thank God!
Praise God!” voices cry as he
raises his rifle and screams, “Get
out, Bashar, you’re not strong
enough to carry a missile!” The SA-2, which dates to the
1960s and requires a large crew
to operate, is most likely useless
in the battle, but rebels said they
had captured other weapons
from the base. On Friday, helicopter gunships
and fighter jets attacked the area,
according to activist video. In one
video a helicopter can be seen
hovering. A piece of a main rotor
snaps off and collides with the
tail rotor, which appears to fall.
As the aircraft tumbles and spins,
voices shout “God is great!” and
thick black smoke rises upon
ground impact.
Rebels have previously
downed helicopters with heavy
machine guns, which video
shows were being used in the
area. The events appeared con-
sistent with the use of such weap-
ons. There was no means of inde-
pendently verifying the claims or
the videos since access to Syria is
severely restricted.
ZAC BAILLIE/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
A Syrian boy, hurt from the shelling of a refugee center, sat next to a body on Friday at a hospital in the northern city of Aleppo. Syrian Forces Attack Rebel Stronghold Near Palace
A government forced
to exert itself on many
fronts to manage a
spreading conflict. Reporting was contributed by an
employee of The New York Times
from Damascus, Syria; C.J. Chiv-
ers from the United States; Hwai-
da Saad and Hania Mourtada
from Beirut; Sebnem Arsu from
Istanbul; and Alan Cowell from
Paris. risks losing a potential ally in the
Middle East if the Assad govern-
ment should fall.
The corollary is frequently
sounded, too: The West may be
gaining enemies where it might
have found friends. As anger
grows, armed groups opposed to
the United States may grow in
numbers and stature, too. “The United Nations and in-
ternational community are mak-
ing a big mistake,” said Ghassan
Abdul Wahib, 43, a truck driver
and now a leader in Kafr Tak-
harim,a village in the north. “By
letting this be a long war, they are
dragging Syria toward radical-
ism, and they will suffer from this
for a long time.” The origins of these sentiments
are typically the same: a widely
held view that Washington and
European capitals are more in-
terested in maintaining the flow
of oil from Libya and Iraq, or in
protecting Israel, than in Syria
and its people’s suffering. The
view is supported, Syrians op-
posed to Mr. Assad say, by the
West’s stubborn refusal to pro-
vide weapons to the rebels, or to
protect civilians and aid the
rebels with a no-fly zone. The contrast with the West’s
military assistance and vocal po-
litical support to the uprising last
year in Libya is frequently
drawn. The donations of nonlethal aid
to the Syrian opposition by Wash-
ington are often called small-
scale, to the extent that none of
the half-dozen fighting groups
visited by journalists for The
New York Times,or the many
commanders interviewed in Tur-
key, claimed to have seen, much
less received, American aid. “We haven’t received anything
from the outside,” said Thayar, a
member of the ad hoc governing
body in Kafr Takharim known as
the revolutionary council. (He
asked that his last name be with-
held to protect him and his family
from retaliation.) “We read in the
media that we are receiving
things. But we haven’t seen it.
We only received speeches from
the West.” Other men echoed this senti-
ment, and accused the United
States and Europe of playing a
double game, in effect of conspir-
ing with the Kremlin to ensure
that no nation has to act against
the Assad government or on the
rebels’ or civilians’ behalf.
In this view, the Kremlin’s in-
sistence that it will not support
further action against Syria is re-
garded as convenient for the
White House, which, many com-
manders and fighters said, issues
statements supporting the upris-
ing and condemning the Assad
government knowing it will not
have to back up words with
deeds. Russia has provided
weapons and diplomatic support
to the Assad government and
blocked action by the United Na-
tions Security Council.
Mr. Wahib, the leader in Kafr
Takharim, dismissed the discus-
sions in the United Nations as a
choreographed show. “The whole
world is now trying to destroy
Syria,” he said. “The internation-
al community knows that Assad
is dead, but they want war so it
destroys Syria and puts us back
100 years. In this way, Israel will
be safe.” “The United Nations,” he add-
ed, “is a partner in destroying
Syria.” Like many activists and fight-
ers, he had a derisive view of
what had once been hailed in
Western capitals as an achieve-
ment by NATO — the military in-
tervention in Libya last year,
which Western leaders have said
protected civilians and which en-
abled disorganized rebels to de-
feat their country’s conventional
military. That campaign was not per-
fect. NATO killed and wounded
many civilians whom it has re-
fused to acknowledge or help. As
the war dragged on, many armed
groups formed, casting the coun-
try’s long-term security in doubt
and, after the attack last month
on the American diplomatic mis-
sion in Benghazi, jeopardizing
Western engagement, too. But Syrians opposed to Mr. As-
sad still crave Western military
assistance, even if it would only
be a no-fly zone to ground the
Syrian Air Force, whose aircraft
have been attacking cities and
towns since this summer. The
United States, however, has so
far ruled out military involve-
ment in Syria.
Many Syrian men also bristled
under what they called common
descriptions that their uprising is
driven by foreign fighters, or
hosts groups linked to Al Qaeda.
“We are not terrorists like the
regime says,” said Abu Muham-
mad, a teacher in Deir Sonbul.
“We are fighting for dignity,
which has been raped for 40
years.” In this environment of acrimo-
ny and charge and counter-
charge, the anger of Majed al-
Muhammad, the retired sergeant
major, was of a type fueled by
frustration and loss.
A few days before he received
journalists in his office here, from
where he commands 200 fighters
in the northern highlands of Jebel
al-Zawiya, he learned that his sis-
ter had been killed in Damascus.
A photograph of her bloodied re-
mains, crumpled on the ground,
was on his cellphone; he dis-
played the image with rage. Then he moved to a collection
of ordnance remnants on a table
beside his desk. He held up an ex-
pended tank shell. “Is it possible
for the government to use this
against the people?” he asked. He lifted the remains of an S-5
rocket, an air-to-ground weapon
in common use by the Syrian Air
Force’s helicopters and jets. He
asked if citizens of the United
States would tolerate what Syr-
ia’s opposition has endured, and
not ask for weapons and help,
too. “Is it possible for your helicop-
ters to fire this into the crowds?”
He was fuming. His voice rose
again. “Do we have the right to
live, or not?”
Rebels Say West’s Inaction
Pushes Syria to Extremism
Insurgents accuse the
United States of
failing to back its
words with deeds.
From Page A4
By RICK GLADSTONE
Senior Iranian clerics intensi-
fied their anti-Western criticism
on Friday, calling the near-col-
lapse of the national currency
this past week a consequence of
an American-led conspiracy to
wage an economic war on Iran,
and predicting that the pressure
would ease.
The message, highlighted in
the main weekly sermon at Fri-
day Prayer, appeared to be an ef-
fort to show a unified and defiant
response to the crisis over the
currency, the rial, which lost
roughly 40 percent of its value
against the dollar in a stampede
of selling to black-market cur-
rency traders by Iranians wor-
ried about their country’s eco-
nomic stability. A televised plea on Tuesday by
President Mahmoud Ahmadine-
jad to stop the selling seemed
only to heighten the anxiety, and
a crackdown by the police
against the currency traders and
the arrests of suspected spec-
ulators on Wednesday escalated
into a large protest in Tehran that
included merchants in the politi-
cally powerful Grand Bazaar. That was the first significant
demonstration of anger over the
devalued rial, which has injected
new uncertainty into the daily
lives of Iranians by worsening
the already high inflation rate.
Many Iranians and outside eco-
nomic experts have attributed
the problems to what they call
Mr. Ahmadinejad’s mismanage-
ment as well as the accumulating
effects of the Western sanctions
imposed on Iran over its disputed
nuclear energy program. None of the statements about
the crisis in the official Iranian
news media on Friday offered a
hint of any new solutions to the
crisis or suggested that the gov-
ernment was willing to compro-
mise on the nuclear program in
exchange for reduced sanctions. Instead they exhorted Iranians
to show fortitude and uphold the
legacy of resilience amid other
crises, like the eight-year war
with Iraq in the 1980s.
“The pressure today imposed
on us by the world arrogance is
full-fledged economic war,” Aya-
tollah Ahmad Khatami, a top
cleric and the Friday Prayer lead-
er, said in his message, carried on
official news outlets. “This pres-
sure will not last. Our people
have been tested,and they will
not be worn down.”
The Fars News Agency quoted
a close aide of the supreme lead-
er, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, as
saying that Iran’s enemies were
mistaken if they believed the
sanctions would force Iran to ca-
pitulate in the dispute over the
nuclear program, which Iran has
said is for peaceful purposes.
Western powers, however, sus-
pect Iran is developing the ability
to make nuclear weapons.
“Iran is overcoming the psy-
chological war and conspiracy
that the enemy has brought to
the currency and gold market,
and this war is constantly fluctu-
ating,” said the aide, Gholam Ali
Haddad Adel. “The arrogant
powers, in their crude way, think
that the nation of Iran is ready to
let go of the Islamic Revolution
through economic pressure, but
we are establishing Iran’s eco-
nomic strength.”
The message of defiance came
as Western officials were con-
templating further tightening the
sanctions, which have severely
limited Iran’s ability to sell oil
and have expelled Iranian banks
from a global network that is cru-
cial in conducting financial trans-
actions. Proponents of stricter econom-
ic penalties against Iran have
been emboldened by the curren-
cy crisis, calling it evidence that
the sanctions are working.
Mark D. Wallace, chief execu-
tive of United Against Nuclear
Iran, a New York-based group
that has worked to persuade
multinational companies to sever
business ties with Iran, said that
by its calculation Iran’s currency
had fallen by 80 percent in the
past year.
In a statement on the group’s
Web site, he called for an eco-
nomic blockade on Iran to in-
crease the pressure, saying “the
regime must be forced to choose
between having a nuclear weap-
on or a functioning economy.”
Defiant Message Amid Iran Currency Crisis
THE AMERICAS
Cuba: Blogger Detained as Trial Begins
The Cuban authorities detained
the dissident blogger Yoani Sán-
chez for 30 hours before releasing
her late Friday. Ms. Sanchez, left,
was arrested Thursday with her
husband near Bayamo while on
her way to cover the trial of a
Spanish politician charged in con-
nection with the death of two dis-
sidents in a car crash, according
to news reports and human rights monitors. Pro-
government blogs said Ms. Sanchez and her hus-
band were driven back to Havana, 500 miles west of
Bayamo, by the Cuban authorities. Ms. Sánchez had
been assigned by the Spanish newspaper El País to
cover the trial of the politician, Ángel Carromero,
who is charged with the equivalent of vehicular
manslaughter. The dissidents Oswaldo Payá and
Harold Cepero died when the car Mr. Carromero
was driving crashed on July 22. On her blog and in
Twitter posts, Ms. Sanchez, 37, has criticized the gov-
ernment, which has refused to give her a visa to
leave Cuba. A pro-government Cuban blogger,
Yohandry Fontana, accused Ms. Sánchez of plan-
ning to provoke “a media show” to disrupt the trial,
which began Friday. ELISABETHMALKIN
Guatemala: Protest Leaves 6 Dead
Thousands of grieving Guatemalans demanded jus-
tice on Friday at the funerals for six people slain
when shots were fired during a protest on Thursday
over electrical power prices and educational policies
in a rural area. The government said protesters
were blockading a highway near the town of Toton-
icapán, about 90 miles west of Guatemala City, when
soldiers arrived to help the police who had been or-
dered to evict the demonstrators. Gunfire erupted,
killing 6 people and wounding 34, officials said. On
Friday, President Otto Pérez Molina acknowledged
that the security forces had opened fire.
(AP)
EUROPE
Germany: Man Charged as Spy for Syria
A 48-year-old man with dual German-Lebanese citi-
zenship has been charged with spying for the Syrian
intelligence service from 2007 until his arrest in Feb-
ruary, the federal prosecutor’s office said Friday.
The suspect, who was identified only as Mahmoud
El A., is accused of spying on Syrian opposition
members living in Germany, according to prosecu-
tors. After antigovernment protests began in Syria
in early 2011, the suspect intensified his contacts
with his intelligence agency handler in Berlin, re-
porting on gatherings of exiled opponents of the Syr-
ian government and taking photographs of demon-
strators, prosecutors said. VICTOR HOMOLA
Russia: Tajikistan Base Deal Extended
Russia extended its military presence in Tajikistan
for 30 years on Friday, signing an agreement pro-
longing its lease on a military base there until 2042.
In return, Russia will admit more Tajik laborers to
earn cash that is crucial to the country’s fragile
economy. Russians see Tajikistan as a bulwark
against drug trafficking and a new wave of radical
Islamism spreading from Afghanistan. (REUTERS)
MIDDLE EAST
Jordan: Demonstrators Demand Change
Thousands of people marched on Friday in the larg-
est demonstration since protests erupted last year,
calling on King Abdullah II to accelerate democratic
change. The rally was called by the Muslim Brother-
hood, the largest opposition party, which is pushing
for broader representation and a more democratic
Parliament. At least 15,000 protesters flocked to Am-
man, the capital, a day after the king dissolved Par-
liament, setting the stage for new elections. But
Brotherhood leaders said they would boycott any
vote held under the current electoral laws that curb
their party’s influence. (REUTERS)
World Briefing The Department of De-
fense has identified 2,115
American service members
who have died as a part of
the Afghan war and related
operations. It confirmed the
death of the following Amer-
ican recently:
STEEDLEY, Camella M., 31, Sgt.,
Marines; San Diego; Combat
Logistics Regiment 17, First
Marine Logistics Group, First
Marine Expeditionary Force. Names of the Dead
Ø
N
A9
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By MELISSA EDDY
BERLIN — It is a paradox of
modern Germany that church
and state remain so intimately
tied. That bond persists more and
more awkwardly, it seems, as the
church’s relationship with follow-
ers continues to fray amid grow-
ing secularization. Last week one of Germany’s
highest courts rankled Catholic
bishops by ruling that the state
recognized the right of Catholics
to leave the church — and there-
fore avoid paying a tax that is
used to support religious institu-
tions. The court ruled it was a
matter of religious freedom,
while religious leaders saw the
decision as yet another threat to
their influence on modern Ger-
man society.
With its ruling the court also
dodged the thorny issue of what
happens when a parishioner for-
mally quits the church, stops pay-
ing taxes, but then wants to at-
tend services anyway. The court
said that, too, was a matter of re-
ligious freedom, a decision that
so rankled religious leaders fear-
ful of losing a lucrative revenue
stream that they made clear,
right away, that taxes are the
price for participation in the
church’s most sacred rituals: no
payments, no sacraments.
The Catholic Bishops’ Confer-
ence in Germany issued a crystal
clear, uncompromising edict, en-
dorsed by the Vatican. It detailed
that a member who refuses to
pay taxes will no longer be al-
lowed to receive communion or
make confession, to serve as god-
parents or to hold any office in
the church. Those who leave can
also be refused a Christian burial,
unless they “give some sign of re-
pentance,” it read. “Whoever declares they are
leaving the church before official
authorities, for whatever reason,
impinges on their responsibility
to safeguard the community of
the church, and against their re-
sponsibility to provide financial
support to allow the church to ful-
fill its work” before their death, it
read. The tussle highlighted the
long-established but increasingly
troubled symbiosis between
church and state in Europe that,
repeated polls have shown,
grows more secular-minded as
each generation moves further
away from the church. Like many
European countries, Germany’s
churches are independent but
function in partnership with the
state, which collects taxes from
members of established religions
and then funnels the revenues
back to the religious institutions,
for a fee, in keeping with a 19th-
century agreement following
abolishment of an official state
church.
Income from church taxes in
Germany amounted to about $6.3
billion for the Roman Catholic
Church in 2011, and $5.5 billion for
the Protestant, mostly Lutheran,
churches in 2010, official statistics
show. The money goes to support
hospitals, schools, day care and
myriad other social services, but
a sizable amount of the Catholic
money is also channeled to the
Vatican. The German church tax —
which is 8 to 9 percent of the an-
nual income tax — is so steep,
however, that many people for-
mally quit the church to avoid
paying, while nevertheless re-
maining active in their faith. That
is what is angering Catholic
Church officials. To many faithful, the court rul-
ing validated that choice, and the
edict from the Catholic Bishops’
Conference amounted to a sharp
response by church leaders
against the government’s in-
creasingly aggressive secularism
taking root in society. They see it
threatening the future of the reli-
gious institutions upon which
Germany’s modern democracy
was founded.
Unlike the United States,
where politicians attend prayer
breakfasts,and service as an al-
tar boy is cast as a solid political
credential, discussion of faith
plays little role in German public
discourse. Although Chancellor
Angela Merkel’s party is called
the Christian Democrats, and her
father was a minister, the out-
ward emphasis is far more on de-
mocracy than on Christianity. The contrast could be seen
starkly at a recent gala in Berlin
honoring 30 years since the for-
mer leader Helmut Kohl’s first
term as chancellor. Of a dozen in-
ternational speakers, only three
sought God’s blessing for Germa-
ny. Two were the American
speakers, the elder George Bush
and Philip D. Murphy, the ambas-
sador to Germany. The other was
a Catholic priest. Even so, it is the United States,
where churches are tax exempt,
that prides itself on a constitu-
tional separation between church
and state, while most European
governments continue to support
their churches through a variety
of means. In Belgium, Greece and Nor-
way, churches are financed by
the state. Churches in Austria,
Switzerland and Sweden all use
the state to collect taxes from
members, but the contributions
are either predetermined
amounts or, compared with Ger-
many, a more modest 1 to 2 per-
cent of the annual assessed in-
come tax. Spain and Italy allow
congregants to decide whether
they would like a percentage of
their income to flow to religious
organizations or be earmarked
for civic projects. In Germany, roughly a third of
its 82 million people are Roman
Catholics, and about the same
number belong to the country’s
Protestant churches. All of these
members, as well as the estimat-
ed 120,000 Jews, pay taxes to the
state. Muslim organizations rely
on donations or support from out-
side sources, often based in coun-
tries abroad.
Critics charge that the German
bishops’ decree denying sacra-
ments to tax dodgers was driven
more by greed than necessity,
pointing out that belonging to a
congregation in neighboring
countries like the Netherlands or
France is based on tithes, not a
predetermined charge levied by
the government. Indeed, the tax in Germany is
blamed in part for driving about
three million members from the
ranks of the Roman Catholic
Church over the past two dec-
ades, as disgruntled parishioners
decided the payments were bet-
ter spent on something else. Norbert Lüdecke, a professor
of canon law at Bonn University,
said that while every disobedient
Catholic is to be punished based
on the sin committed, the bish-
ops’ decree effectively placed re-
fusal to pay church taxes nearly
on par with the most severe of-
fenses in the church.
“Now refusing to pay taxes is
considered an offense only slight-
ly less bad than denial that Jesus
Christ is the son of God,” Mr.
Lüdecke said. “While at the same
time, there is no specific punish-
ment for other offenses, such as,
for example, the sexual abuse of
minors by clerics.”
German Catholic Church Links Tax to the Sacraments
Despite increasingly
secular times, church
and state remain
connected.
By RAPHAEL MINDER
B
ARCELONA
, Spain
A
RTUR MAS, the leader of
Catalonia, has a clear
message for Madrid: He
is serious about his threat to let
the people of Spain’s most eco-
nomically powerful region de-
cide for themselves in a referen-
dum whether they should re-
main a part of Spain.
In fact, he said in an inter-
view this week, he would per-
sonally vote for independence if
the opportunity arose. “Our
ideal is to be part of the United
States of Europe,” he said.
That kind of posturing has
thrust Mr. Mas, 56, to the fore-
front of Spanish politics and
made Catalonia the biggest do-
mestic headache for Prime Min-
ister Mariano Rajoy,who is fac-
ing troubles on all sides as he
tries to satisfy demands from
the European Union to straight-
en out Spain’s economy and
from Spain’s heavily indebted
regions, including Catalonia.
The question now for Mr.
Rajoy, and for all of Spain, is
just how far Mr. Mas, a once rel-
atively obscure politician who
was elected regional president
two years ago, is willing to go in
posing what may be the most
serious challenge to a sovereign
entity in Europe since the implo-
sion of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
Mr. Mas’s talk is not idle. With
a $260 billion economy that is
roughly the size of Portugal’s, an
independent Catalonia and its 7.5
million inhabitants — 16 percent
of Spain’s population — would
rank ahead of a dozen of the 27
nations in the European Union.
But like most of Spain’s regions,
it is under great financial pres-
sure and would like a better deal
from Madrid.
In that respect, his threats may
amount to nothing more than
brinkmanship, as he applies to
Madrid much the same tactic it
has used to gain favorable treat-
ment in its own dealings with
Brussels: that is, that Catalonia,
which has its own language and
sense of identity, is simply “too
big to fail” without calamitous
consequences that no one wants
to see. On Friday, Catalonia’s
government raised the pressure,
saying it would not be able to
meet its September payments for
basic services like heath care on
schedule.
The great risk is that Mr.
Rajoy’s government — squeezed
as it is, itself weighing a Euro-
pean bailout — is hardly in a posi-
tion to appease Catalonia’s de-
mands under a Spanish tax sys-
tem that redistributes revenue
from the richest to the poorest re-
gions, without also raising ten-
sions with other struggling re-
gions.
The grievances run in both di-
rections. In Catalonia’s view, Ma-
drid has drained its finances,
while Madrid accuses Catalonia,
like nearly all of Spain’s regions,
of mismanaging its books.
In the interview on Wednesday
in the Catalan government’s me-
dieval palace, Mr. Mas was unre-
pentant about further unnerving
investors who already question
Mr. Rajoy’s ability to meet
agreed deficit targets and clean
up Spanish banks. Instead, he
contended that it was Mr. Rajoy
who had forced Catalonia down
the separatist path, after reject-
ing its demands unconditionally.
“When you get a clear no, you
have to change direction,” Mr.
Mas said. Although he acknowl-
edged that there was no guaran-
tee Catalonia would succeed in
imposing its claims on Madrid, he
argued that “the worst-case sce-
nario is not to try, and the sec-
ond-worst is to try and not get
there.”
H
IS advice to Mr. Rajoy was
to avoid further delay in
tapping a bond-buying
program, devised by the Euro-
pean Central Bank largely with
Spain’s rescue in mind. European
financing — in the form of billions
of dollars in subsidies received
after Spain joined the European
Union in 1986 — had already
played a major part in Spain’s de-
velopment, he noted.
“The problems of Spain now
supersede its capacities, so that it
needs help,” Mr. Mas said. “If you
have no other choice than to ask
for a rescue, the sooner the bet-
ter.”
Asked, however, where Spain
would stand without Catalonia,
its industrial engine, Mr. Mas
was unperturbed. “Spain without
Catalonia is not insolvent but
more limited,” he said.
An economist by training, Mr.
Mas comes from a Catalan family
linked to the metal and textile
sectors, which were at the heart
of the region’s development after
the Industrial Revolution. Having
studied at a French school in Bar-
celona and then learned English,
he also stands out as a rare multi-
lingual leader in Spain’s political
landscape. He climbed the ladder of Cata-
lonia’s politics over a long career
as a public servant in the shad-
ows of another politician, Jordi
Pujol,who ran Catalonia for more
than two decades. While hardly
unknown in his region, Mr. Mas
has surprised even party insiders
this year by the way he has
thrown caution to the wind in
challenging Mr. Rajoy.
“We all knew Mas as an effi-
cient technocrat and one of our
very best managers, but I don’t
think many people expected him
to show such courage and patri-
otic feelings,” said Josep Maria
Vila d’Abadal,a mayor and mem-
ber of Mr. Mas’s party, Conver-
gència i Unió.
Mr. Mas insisted that his sepa-
ratist drive was “not about per-
sonal ambition,” saying he would
retire from politics once Catalo-
nia achieved sovereignty. He is
married with three children. Even though Catalonia would
face an uphill struggle to join the
European Union, particularly
given Madrid’s opposition, Mr.
Mas said that Brussels had
shown in the two decades since
the collapse of the Soviet Union
that it could adjust to much more
dramatic and unforeseeable na-
tionhood claims.
Mr. Mas has already put words
into action. Shortly after being
rebuffed by Mr. Rajoy over his
tax demands, he called early
elections in Catalonia — on Nov.
25, two years ahead of schedule
— that could turn into an unoffi-
cial referendum on independ-
ence, after a mass rally in Barce-
lona on Sept. 11 in which hun-
dreds of thousands of Catalans
demanded to form a new Euro-
pean state.
On the heels of the rally, Mr.
Mas and his nationalist party are
counting on significant gains in
next month’s election as they try
to convince Catalans that Mr.
Mas can erase their longstanding
complaints about control from
Madrid.
“We have created a big feeling
of hope among a big part of our
society,” Mr. Mas said.
S
UCH comments, however,
have also prompted criti-
cism of Mr. Mas, led by Ma-
drid politicians as well as other
regional leaders, who have de-
nounced Catalonia’s attempt to
break ranks in a time of crisis.
While Mr. Rajoy has steered
clear of the wrangling, some con-
servative politicians have
warned of retaliatory measures.
His deputy prime minister
warned Mr. Mas last week that
Madrid would use every legal in-
strument available to block a Cat-
alan vote on independence,
which would violate Spain’s Con-
stitution.
Others accuse Mr. Mas of using
the tussle with Madrid to shift the
blame for Catalonia’s economic
difficulties onto Mr. Rajoy and to
distract voters from his govern-
ment’s own shortcomings, in-
cluding a failure to meet the defi-
cit target that the Catalan gov-
ernment set for itself last year.
Last week, Pere Navarro, the
leader of the opposition Catalan
Socialist Party, called Mr. Mas “a
false prophet,” who talked about
a promised land instead of recog-
nizing that he had made Catalo-
nia “worse than two years ago,”
when Mr. Mas took office.
“Our ideal is to be part of the United States of Europe.”
ARTUR MAS
EDU BAYER FOR THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE
THE SATURDAY PROFILE Catalan Leader Boldly Grasps a Separatist Lever
By JODI RUDOREN
JERUSALEM — A New York
man who was fired from a hotel
in the Israeli resort city of Eilat
on Thursday returned there on
Friday morning and opened fire
amid a crowd of tourists, then
killed a kitchen worker before be-
ing shot to death by police offi-
cers, the authorities said.
The gunman, William Hersko-
witz,a 23-year-old potter from
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., had arrived
in Israel on Aug. 27 for a five-
month program known as Masa
that combines travel and Hebrew
study with internships, in this
case in hotels in Eilat, a Red Sea
port. Yuval Arad, a spokesman
for the program, said Mr. Hersko-
witz was told Thursday that he
had to leave the program and de-
cide by next week whether to re-
turn home or to remain in Israel
with relatives.
“There was some problems
with his attitude and with the ho-
tel staff,” said Mr. Arad, declining
to elaborate. Another official with
the program, Ofer Gutman, told
The Associated Press that Mr.
Herskowitz was a “normal guy,”
adding, “There was nothing that
indicated what would happen in
the end.”
Micky Rosenfeld, an Israeli po-
lice spokesman, said the episode
began around 9 a.m. Friday,
when Mr. Herskowitz grabbed a
pistol from a security guard at
the Leonardo Club Hotel and
fired several shots in the dining
area before storming into the
kitchen, where he killed a cook,
Armando Abed, 33, from the Arab
Christian town of Miliya, in Gali-
lee. The shots fired in the dining
room did not strike anyone.
Mr. Herskowitz then “barricad-
ed himself in the kitchen,” Mr.
Rosenfeld said, raising police
fears of a hostage situation.
Around 10:15 a.m., antiterrorism
units from the Israeli Defense
Forces “moved in on the suspect,
and he opened fire again,” Mr.
Rosenfeld said.
It turned out that no hostages
had been taken, and guests in the
lobby and dining area were or-
dered to return to their rooms
and lock the doors. Two women
were treated for shock.
Israeli officials originally iden-
tified the gunman as William
Hershkovitz, but public records
in the United States listed his
name with a W instead of a V, the
more common American spell-
ing, and without the second H. Mr. Arad said Mr. Herskowitz
was among thousands of young
adults in Masa, a program com-
bining tourism, study and work
that is financed in part by the
Jewish Agency for Israel and run
by Oranim, an educational tour-
ism provider. He was one of 80
Masa participants living and
working in Eilat hotels, Mr. Arad
said.
The Jewish Agency said after
the shooting that it had appointed
a committee to investigate the
circumstances under which Mr.
Herskowitz had been accepted to
the program. Relatives of Mr. Herskowitz’s
in the United States did not re-
spond to phone calls on Friday.
Public records and Internet
searches suggest that he attend-
ed the State University of New
York at New Paltz and worked
there as a ceramic technician,
then became the proprietor of
Merlin Pottery.
In an article posted on Ulster
Happening, an online magazine,
the potter referred to himself as
William Merlin, saying he bor-
rowed the name from a grandfa-
ther, and described the ancient
“salt fired” technique that he fa-
vored. “We have a rich heritage
of magic in our bloodline,” he
said. “We have always worked
hard and overcome great odds
and the work I make is surely a
historic landmark of human per-
severance and resilience.”
The shooting occurred during
the holiday of Sukkot, one of the
busiest weeks of the year in Eilat. Guests at the hotel described
the mayhem. “I was sitting in the
lobby and reading a newspaper,”
one guest, Eli Zmor, told Maariv,
a daily newspaper in Israel. “I
heard screaming,and I saw
someone jump on the security
guard. I saw him take the securi-
ty guard’s gun and start shooting
all over.” Another guest, Nissim Rubin,
said he tried to stop the gunman.
“I went out, jumped on the assail-
ant and we both fell to the floor,”
he said, according to Maariv’s
Web site. When the shooting
started, Mr. Rubin added, “panic
erupted and people took cover
beneath the tables.” Once the guests were told that
it was safe to come out of their
rooms, people emerged “happy,
clapping,” another guest, Michal
Bouaron, told Israel’s Channel 2.
“We won’t let this ruin our day
and our vacation,” she added.
New Yorker, Fired by Hotel
In Israel, Kills Co-Worker STORM COMMUNICATIONS, VIA REUTERS
Israeli soldiers patrolled near a hotel in the Red Sea resort city
of Eilat after a shooting by a former employee on Friday. Irit Pazner-Garshowitz and Jona-
than Rosen contributed reporting.
Alain Delaquérière contributed
research from New York. A10
N
SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
COLLECTING HIS THOUGHTS
President Obama looked over notes before an event Friday at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va.The president focused on the economy and
middle-class prosperity, and also took note of Mitt Romney’s more centrist tone, saying that his opponent “got an extreme makeover.”
DAMON WINTER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
By MICHAEL D. SHEAR
Early voting in Ohio the weekend be-
fore the election was restored for all
voters on Friday by the United States
Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit,
giving President Obama’s campaign an-
other victory in its legal battles with Re-
publicans over voting issues.
The state’s Republican-led adminis-
tration had imposed a measure that al-
lowed voting that weekend only for
members of the military and people liv-
ing overseas, arguing that the state had
to reduce the strain on the election sys-
tem from statewide early balloting.
Democrats and Mr. Obama’s cam-
paign had cried foul, arguing that the
measure unfairly disenfranchised mi-
norities and others who often wait until
the last weekend. Those voters are con-
sidered likelier to back the Democratic
candidates.
Ohio is a critical state in the presi-
dential campaign. No Republican has
won the presidency for more than 100
years without winning Ohio. Mr. Obama
holds an edge in the state over Mitt
Romney in most public polls.
But the decision by the appeals court
on Friday was just one of a series of vic-
tories for Mr. Obama’s campaign, which
has been fighting legal battles in several
states over the question of access to the
ballot box in the election next month.
In Pennsylvania, a judge this week
temporarily blocked a state law that
would have required the state’s voters
to provide a photo ID card to vote in the
presidential election. The state judge
accepted the need for such a law but
said the state had not done enough to
make identification cards easy to get.
This summer, a federal judge blocked
a Florida law that would have made it
harder for organizations to register peo-
ple to vote. In that case, the law would
have imposed penalties on groups that
did not follow specific guidelines and
timelines. Advocates said the law was
needed to combat voter fraud. Demo-
crats saw it as an effort by the Repub-
lican-controlled Legislature to make it
harder for Democratic constituencies to
vote. Judge Robert Hinkle of Federal
District Court blocked the law, calling it
“harsh and impractical.”
In Ohio, a district judge blocked the
early voting measure in August, saying
that the state had a duty to offer equal
voting opportunities to all of its resi-
dents. On Friday, the appeals court af-
firmed the judge’s decision.
“Defendants’ legitimate regulatory
interests do not outweigh the burden on
voters whose right to vote in the upcom-
ing election would be burdened by the
joint effect of the statute and the di-
rective,” Judge Eric Clay wrote.
Bob Bauer, the general counsel for
Mr. Obama’s campaign, hailed the cir-
cuit court’s decision.
“Across the country, the hard work to
protect Americans’ right to vote has
paid off,” Mr. Bauer said in a statement.
“We are now focused on making sure
that voters across the country fully un-
derstand their rights, know exactly
what their voting laws require of them,
and clarify when they can cast their bal-
lot.”
Ohio election officials, including At-
torney General Mike DeWine, could ap-
peal the ruling.
“My office is reviewing today’s deci-
sion by the court as we determine the
best course of action moving forward,”
said Ohio’s secretary of state, Jon Hust-
ed. “No action will be taken today, or
this weekend.”
Wider Early Voting Restored in Ohio, a Win for Obama’s Campaign
By MOTOKO RICH
With an agenda that Arne Duncan,
the secretary of education, has de-
scribed as a “quiet revolution,” the Oba-
ma administration has pushed rigorous
new standards for a majority of the na-
tion’s public schools as well as require-
ments that states and districts evaluate
not just schools but individual teachers,
in part by assessing their ability to im-
prove student scores on standardized
tests.
But some critics suggest that at the
same time the administration has got-
ten tough on teachers and set higher
standards, it could be allowing states to
set new, unambitious goals for how
quickly students must reach those
standards, particularly poor and minor-
ity students. “We repeatedly look for ways to
game the system and fuzz up the fact
that our kids aren’t being educated to
the standards that they need,” said Amy
Wilkins, vice president for government
affairs at the Education Trust, a non-
profit group that works to close achieve-
ment gaps.
One particularly controversial exam-
ple emerged over the summer, when
Virginia initially released new targets
showing that the state would require 57
percent of black students to become
proficient in math by 2017, compared
with 78 percent of white students. Vir-
ginia’s education department has since
revised its goals, with a goal of making
73 percent of all students proficient in
math within five years.
The administration has pushed its
agenda through two programs: its Race
to the Top grants, which it has awarded
to 19 states, and the waivers to 33 states
from central provisions of the Bush ad-
ministration’s signature No Child Left
Behind education law. States that have
qualified for the waivers are relieved
from meeting the law’s most contro-
versial target: making all students pro-
ficient in reading and mathematics by
2014.
Although both President Obama and
Mitt Romney addressed education dur-
ing their debate on Wednesday, neither
talked specifically about the changes to
No Child Left Behind. But Mr. Duncan,
in a telephone interview, addressed crit-
ics of the waiver policies. He said the
administration had deliberately flipped
the theory behind No Child Left Behind,
which has been up for reauthorization
since 2007. That law prescribed consequences
for schools that failed to meet annual
goals, while allowing individual states
to set goals that Mr. Duncan described
as “dummied-down standards.” He said
that with its waivers, which the admin-
istration used to sidestep Congress af-
ter lawmakers failed repeatedly to reau-
thorize the No Child law, the policy was
“tight on goals, loose on means.”
So while the administration is requir-
ing states that want waivers to set rig-
orous “college and career ready” stand-
ards, it is allowing them to design their
own proposals for how — and how
quickly — to get schools to meet those
standards. “Going forward, we should
be in the business of supporting states
and holding them accountable,” Mr.
Duncan said, “and not treating every
state and district the same.”
Some advocacy groups worry that
the waivers require few consequences if
schools fail to meet their new targets,
even as No Child Left Behind was crit-
icized for requiring rigid interventions
for low-performing schools, like forcing
states to lay off a large portion of a
school’s staff or to close a school alto-
gether. The waivers allow states to design
new interventions, and some critics
worry that education officials now have
too much leeway. “All of these states
continue to significantly weaken the
power and impact of goals by not using
them to hold schools accountable,” Jere-
my Ayers, associate director of federal
education programs at the left-leaning
Center for American Progress, wrote in
an e-mail.
With the waivers directing states to
focus on the bottom 15 percent of
schools, Mr. Ayers said, he was con-
cerned that the remaining schools
would do little more than report test re-
sults. “Describing the problem is not the
same as fixing it,” he said.
Teachers’ unions and other education
advocates have chafed at other condi-
tions in the waivers and Race to the Top,
which require new teacher evaluation
systems that rely increasingly on stu-
dents’ standardized test performance.
Such objections became a significant
sticking point in the Chicago teachers’
union strike last month. According to the Education Commis-
sion of the States, 30 states have passed
laws requiring districts to evaluate
teachers using standardized test scores.
Michael Griffith, senior policy analyst
at the commission, said states had acted
despite the fact that the $4.35 billion dis-
bursed through the Race to the Top pro-
gram is to be spread over five years and
amounts to less than 1 percent of total
education spending at the federal, state
and local level in 2011-2012. Federal edu-
cation financing is typically about 10
percent of total spending on public K-12
education.
It is not clear what could happen to
the waivers if Mr. Romney is elected
president. Congressional Democrats
and Republicans have repeatedly failed
to reauthorize the elementary and sec-
ondary education law as they have
clashed on the proper role for the fed-
eral government in public schools. In
the debate, Mr. Romney reiterated his
support for a plan to distribute federal
money so students can choose where
they go to school, and surprised some
educators and analysts when he said: Loopholes Seen at Schools
In Obama Get-Tough Policy
JESSICA KOSCIELNIAK FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Freeda Pirillis, a first-grade teacher in Chicago, said educators and students needed more support to meet new goals.
Continued on Page A11
with intermittent charm offen-
sives. He vetoed scores of legisla-
tive initiatives and excised budg-
et line items a remarkable 844
times, according to the nonparti-
san research group Factcheck
.org. Lawmakers reciprocated by
quickly overriding the vast bulk
of them. The big-ticket items that Mr.
Romney proposed when he en-
tered office in January 2003 went
largely unrealized, and some that
were achieved turned out to have
a comparatively minor impact. A
wholesale restructuring of state
government was dead on arrival
in the legislature; an ambitious
overhaul of the state university
system was stillborn; a consoli-
dation of transportation fiefs nev-
er took place. Mr. Romney lobbied success-
fully to block changes in the
state’s much-admired charter
school program, but his own edu-
cation reforms went mostly unre-
alized. His promise to lure new
business and create jobs in a
state that had been staggered by
the collapse of the 2000 dot-com
boom never quite bore fruit; un-
employment dropped less than a
percentage point during his four
years, but for most of that time,
much of the decline was attribut-
ed to the fact that any new jobs
were being absorbed by a shrink-
ing work force.
Mr. Romney won lawmakers’
consent to streamline a tangled
health and human services bu-
reaucracy, but the savings
amounted to but $7 million a year.
He entered office considering an
eight-state compact to battle cli-
mate change, but left office out-
side the consortium, saying it
cost too much.
“He put on the table in his in-
augural address, and then in his
budget, a series of proposed re-
forms like civil service reform,
pension reform — going right to
the heart of the lion’s den,” Mi-
chael Widmer, president of the
nonpartisan Massachusetts Tax-
payers Foundation, said in an in-
terview. But excepting health
care, “he never followed up.
There was a handful of success-
es, but there was never a full-
blown or focused program in the
sense of saying, ‘Here’s our vi-
sion.’”
Mr. Romney’s former aides
vigorously disagree.
“That’s an overwrought type
of critique,” said Timothy Mur-
phy, the health and human serv-
ices secretary under Mr. Rom-
ney. “If you take a look at the
things the governor set out to do,
we accomplished a lot. The budg-
ets were more than balanced —
we generated surpluses.” And, he said, “We did pass the
most consequential piece of
health care legislation in this
state in 25 years.”
Mr. Romney was pushing on
an open door on the 2006 initia-
tive — Democrats had long
dreamed of providing health cov-
erage to almost every resident.
Jane Edmonds, who headed
the state’s Labor and Workforce
Development agency, recounted
a meeting at the start of Mr. Rom-
ney’s term in which he handed
out a list of campaign promises to
his staff and ordered them car-
ried out within four years. “My opinion is that he deliv-
ered on almost all those prom-
ises,” she said. “We had 8 or 10 of
them and we carried them all
out.”
Some of Mr. Romney’s harsh-
est critics concede his compe-
tence and his grasp of Massachu-
setts’ problems and needs. Many
of the initiatives he took into of-
fice were arguably nonpartisan;
he brought to the job the same
gimlet-eyed scrutiny of costs and
revenues that he employed as an
investment manager to spot po-
tentially profitable companies.
But in contrast to his state-
ments in the debate, many say,
Mr. Romney neither mastered
the art of reaching across the
aisle nor achieved unusual suc-
cess as governor. To the contrary,
they say, his relations with Dem-
ocrats could be acrimonious, and
his ability to get big things done
could be just as shackled as is
President Obama’s ability to
push his agenda through a hostile
House of Representatives.
Mr. Romney could be appeal-
ing and persuasive, they say. But
he also could display a certain po-
litical tone-deafness and a failure
to nurture the constituencies he
needed to make his initiatives
succeed.
Mr. Romney promoted his
record on Wednesday as a bipar-
tisan leader by noting that he met
regularly with the Democratic
leadership of the Massachusetts
legislature. But that apparently
was not enough to keep afloat a
relationship that had been ran-
corous from the beginning.
In the opening months of his
tenure, Mr. Romney vetoed a
House plan to create new com-
mittees and raise legislative pay,
and the legislators rejected his
flagship proposal, a nearly 600-
page plan to overhaul the state
bureaucracy. “They had a deteri-
orating relationship during the
first two years,” said Jeffrey Ber-
ry, a political science professor
and expert on state politics at
Tufts University. Mr. Romney proved to have a
taste for vetoes, killing legislative
initiatives in his first two years at
more than twice the rate of his
more popular Republican prede-
cessor, William F. Weld, The Bos-
ton Globe reported in 2004. Some seemed almost designed
to rankle legislators: one rejected
an increase in disability pay-
ments to a police officer who had
slipped on an ice patch. Others
reflect his ramrod-straight views
on ethics and government waste
— knocking down a special pen-
sion deal for a state legislator; re-
jecting a subsidy to Medicaid
payments so nursing homes
could provide kosher meals to
Jewish residents.
“He seemed to take great de-
light in vetoing bills,” recalled his
director of legislative affairs,
John O’Keefe. "Some of the bills
we would chuckle when we wrote
the veto message.” By 2004, the second year of his
term, Mr. Romney was provoked
enough to mount an unprece-
dented campaign to unseat Dem-
ocratic legislators, spending $3
million in Republican Party
money and hiring a nationally
known political strategist, Mi-
chael Murphy, to plan the battle.
The effort failed spectacularly.
Republicans lost seats, leaving
them with their smallest legisla-
tive delegation since 1867. Demo-
cratic lawmakers were reported
to have been deeply angered by
the campaign’s tactics.
On close scrutiny, some of the
bipartisan successes that Mr.
Romney claimed in the Wednes-
day debate turn out to by pep-
pered with asterisks.
On education, Mr. Romney was
correct in stating that Massachu-
setts students were ranked first
in the nation during his tenure.
Students in grades four and eight
took top honors in reading and
mathematics on the 2003 Nation-
al Assessment of Educational
Progress.
However, educators largely
credit an overarching reform of
state schools 10 years earlier un-
der Governor Weld. The reforms
doubled state spending on
schools and brought standards
and accountability to administra-
tors and students.
“Governor Romney does not
get to take the credit for achiev-
ing that No. 1 ranking,” said Mike
Gilbert, field director for the non-
profit Massachusetts Association
of School Committees, “but it did
happen while he was in office.”
Mr. Romney’s claim that he
was responsible for 19 separate
tax cuts is also technically accu-
rate, but not the full story. In
2005, for example, Mr. Romney’s
administration wrote legislation
refunding $250 million in capital
gains taxes — but the bill came
only in response to a court ruling
that the taxes had been illegally
withheld in 2002.
Many of the other tax cuts
were first proposed by the legis-
lature, not Mr. Romney, and oth-
ers were routine extensions of
existing tax reductions or were
one-day sales tax holidays.
JODI HILTON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Gov. Mitt Romney after signing Massachusetts’s landmark health care overhaul bill at Faneuil Hall in April 2006.
Romney Claims of Bipartisanship Get Closer Look
From Page A1
ELISE AMENDOLA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Mr. Romney with the new Democratic speaker of the Massa-
chusetts House, Representative Salvatore DiMasi, in 2004.
A record less
burnished than a
candidate suggested.
Michael Barbaro contributed re-
porting. N
A11
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
mat for the first and fourth presidential
debates calls for six 15-minute segments
on topics selected and announced in ad-
vance by the moderators. After the moder-
ator asks a question, the candidates each
have two minutes to answer.
“After their answers, the moderator’s
job is to facilitate a conversation on the
topic for approximately 9 minutes before
moving to the next topic. The Commission
on Presidential Debates’ goal in selecting
this format was to have a serious discus-
sion of the major domestic and foreign pol-
icy issues with minimal interference by
the moderator or timing signals. Jim Lehr-
er implemented the format exactly as it
was designed by the CPD and announced
in July.” Just about everyone has weighed in
against Jim Lehrer’s performance as pres-
idential debate moderator on Wednesday
night — Democrats, political commenta-
tors, and even on Thursday night, Jimmy
Fallon.
Now, the Commission on Presidential
Debates is coming to his defense, arguing
that the criticism that Mr. Lehrer did not
do enough to corral the filibustering candi-
dates misses the point: It was his job to
get them talking, not to insert himself into
their dialogue.
In a statement, the commission’s execu-
tive director, Janet Brown, said: “The for-
Panel on Debates Stands Up for Lehrer
JOSH HANER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
ELECTION
2012
“I’m not going to cut education
funding. I don’t have any plan to
cut education funding.”
Supporters of the Obama ad-
ministration’s approach say it is
allowing states to accommodate
differences between students,
rather than entrapping schools
with unattainable goals.
“A statement by a state that
‘we’re going to give low-income
schools more time to reach profi-
ciency than we’re going to give
high-income schools’ is reason-
able in the real world,” said Ches-
ter E. Finn Jr., president of the
Thomas B. Fordham Institute, a
conservative-leaning education
policy group in Washington. The
adoption of the new college and
career standards, he said, “is still
ambitious, and says in the long
run, it’s the same standard we’d
like them all to attain.”
Civil rights groups said they
would monitor states to make
sure they were not watering
down expectations for minority
groups or poor students. “Ultimately, fiddling around
with the finish line or different
heights of the hurdles is not how
you get all students to succeed,”
said Beth Glenn, education di-
rector at the N.A.A.C.P. “You
have to change what you do in
the classroom.”
Teachers worry that they are
being asked to do too much at a
time when money is so limited.
“You can continue to say
you’re accountable for x, y and z,”
said Freeda Pirillis, a first-grade
teacher at Agassiz Elementary
School in Chicago. “But if you
don’t support teachers and stu-
dents in that work, then that’s
just an empty sort of thing.” She
noted, for example, that “we con-
tinue to have textbooks in our
school that show that Bill Clinton
was our last president.” Education officials say they
feel the effect of the Obama ad-
ministration’s education agenda
in their day-to-day lives.
“When you think about the im-
pact of the federal government
on our work, it’s amazing,” said
David Fleishman, superintend-
ent of the Newton Public Schools
in Massachusetts. Every faculty
meeting since the beginning of
the school year, he said, has fo-
cused on the teacher evaluation
system the district has intro-
duced to meet federal criteria. “I’m just hopeful and optimis-
tic that it ends up improving stu-
dent learning,” Mr. Fleishman
said, “and not being a bureau-
cratic checklist.”
Loopholes Seen at Schools
In Obama Get-Tough Rules
From Page A10
By IAN LOVETT
LOS ANGELES — At a time
when Republicans have moved to
enact tougher qualifications for
voting in states around the coun-
try, Democrats have begun to
push voter registration laws in
the opposite direction in states
they control, especially here. In the last few weeks, potential
voters in California have been
able to register online for the first
time, and Gov. Jerry Brown
signed a bill that will allow resi-
dents to register and vote on
Election Day. Connecticut passed
similar legislation this year, and
voting rights advocacy groups
hope as many as five states
might join them next year. Democratic lawmakers here
described the legislation as a po-
tential counterweight to Repub-
lican-backed laws in other parts
of the country requiring photo
identification to vote and making
it more difficult to register. “It’s extremely important that
as some states in the nation are
moving to suppress voter turn-
out, California is moving forward
to expand voter participation,”
said Mike Feuer, a Democratic
state assemblyman who spon-
sored the Election Day registra-
tion law. “I hope California is the
catalyst for other states to en-
courage civic engagement and
participation.” The changes in California are
hardly revolutionary. Election
Day registration, which is al-
ready in effect in eight states, be-
gan in the early 1970s in states
like Maine and Wisconsin. Online
registration has now expanded to
more than a dozen states since it
was first established,in Arizona
in 2002. But conservative efforts to re-
quire people to show photo ID, a
step they say is necessary to pre-
vent voter fraud, seem to have
galvanized some Democrats to
try to expand ballot access —
long an item on the party’s agen-
da, but one that had not been a
top priority in recent years in
many states. In May, Connecticut became
the first state in five years to ap-
prove Election Day registration.
When he signed the bill into law,
Gov.Dannel P. Malloy said in a
statement, “Despite the perva-
sive climate across the U.S. to re-
strict voting rights, Connecticut
has moved in the opposite di-
rection.” Demos, a nonprofit organiza-
tion that has worked to expand
ballot access since the contested
2000 presidential election, has
identified five additional states —
Colorado, Hawaii, Maryland,
Massachusetts and West Virginia
— where they hope to pass Elec-
tion Day registration laws next
year. In each of those states, Demo-
crats control the governorship
and at least one chamber of the
legislature. Voter registration laws were
not always so infused with parti-
san politics. In the 1990s, Republican
strongholds like Idaho and Wyo-
ming instituted Election Day reg-
istration. The National Confer-
ence of State Legislatures says
that while little evidence of in-
person voter fraud has been
found, voter turnout in states
with Election Day registration
has been at least 10 percent high-
er than in states without it. “Historically, this kind of work
has been supported by Repub-
lican and Democratic states,”
said Steven Carbó, state advoca-
cy director for Demos. “There is
no objective reason why we can’t
be back at that point.” Online registration has re-
tained some measure of biparti-
san support. The South Carolina
Legislature unanimously ap-
proved it this year (although, in
California, the vote broke along
strict party lines). But Election Day registration
has become the exclusive prov-
ince of Democrats. Since 1996,
only four states have approved
Election Day registration, and in
each case it was a Democratic
governor who signed the bill into
law. Republican lawmakers in
Maine and Montana have tried
unsuccessfully to repeal their
longstanding Election Day regis-
tration laws. Mr. Feuer’s bill passed through
the State Assembly with no Re-
publican support. “I think this really leaves the
California voting system wide
open to fraud,” said Connie Con-
way, the Republican leader in the
State Assembly. Mr. Feuer argued that both the
online and Election Day registra-
tion laws included strong safe-
guards against voter fraud.
Online registration will be an op-
tion only for residents who al-
ready have a California ID, and
the Election Day registration law
enhances penalties for fraud, and
allows those who register that
day to cast only provisional bal-
lots. Richard L. Hasen,a professor
at the University of California,
Irvine, and author of “The Voting
Wars,” said that neither side’s os-
tensible rationale for pushing
changes to voting laws should be
taken entirely at face value. Republicans, he said, have ad-
vocated for ID requirements in
part to restrict the number of vot-
ers from the other party, since
many population groups whose
members tend to lack photo IDs
also tend to vote Democratic.
Democrats, meanwhile, have op-
posed all efforts to purge nonciti-
zens from the voter rolls, which
he called “a relatively small prob-
lem, but a real problem, and one
that in the off-season needs to be
corrected.”
“On both sides there is the offi-
cial story, and then the realpoli-
tik,” Mr. Hasen said.
That is the one thing that just
about everyone agrees on. “Has
it gotten more politicized?” Ms.
Conway said. “Oh yeah.” More states consider
allowing Election Day
and online registration. Easier Access to Ballot
Is Pushed by Democrats
Exploring the
issues in the
2012 campaign. To
join the conversation: theagenda.nytimes.com
The Agenda
A12
N
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By DAN FROSCH
COLORADO SPRINGS — Pan-
handlers, with their crumpled
signs, coffee cups and pleas, are
as customary a sight in many
American towns and cities as
Starbucks or McDonald’s. But for
one Utah homeless man, the right
to ask people for money has be-
come a personal legal crusade. Steve Ray Evans, who uses a
sign to ask drivers for money, has
been successfully suing Utah cit-
ies that have cited him for pan-
handling, arguing that his right to
free speech is being violated by a
state statute that bans soliciting
near roadways.
“This is my only source of in-
come,” said Mr. Evans, 54, whose
sign reads “Starving Please
Help!” “I do it for survival pur-
poses. I feel as though a lot of oth-
er individuals depend on it, too.” Mr. Evans said he had received
more than 50 panhandling cita-
tions, and cases like his have be-
come increasingly common of
late. With the downturn in the
economy, cities across the coun-
try have been cracking down on
an apparent rise in aggressive
panhandling, while advocates for
the homeless and civil liberties
groups contend that sweeping
bans on begging go too far. According to a report by the
National Law Center on Home-
lessness and Poverty that exam-
ined 188 cities, there was a 7 per-
cent increase in prohibitions on
begging or panhandling between
2009 and 2011. “Our sense is that cities are re-
sponding to the increasing num-
ber of chronically or visibly
homeless people due to the eco-
nomic crisis,” said Heather Maria
Johnson, a civil rights lawyer for
the group. “Rather than address-
ing the issue of homelessness,
they are adapting measures that
move homeless people out of
downtowns, tourist areas or even
out of a city.” Case law on the issue has var-
ied over the years, and local pan-
handling laws differ widely. But
several recent legal decisions
have favored the homeless. Last January, after Mr. Evans’s
initial lawsuit, Salt Lake City
agreed to stop enforcing the state
statute. But Utah fought the suit, argu-
ing that panhandling near roads
was dangerous. A federal judge
sided with Mr. Evans in March,
ruling that the statute was uncon-
stitutional. In June, the City of
Draper agreed to stop enforcing
the ordinance after Mr. Evans
filed suit there as well. After a lawsuit filed by a home-
less man and a disabled veteran
who were arrested on panhan-
dling charges in Grand Rapids,
Mich., a federal judge ruled in
August that the state’s blanket
ban on public begging also vio-
lated the First Amendment.
Michigan’s attorney general, Bill
Schuette, has appealed, arguing
that begging is not protected
speech. In many cases, the dispute
over panhandling centers on
whether a city’s efforts to crimi-
nalize aggressive begging to pro-
tect pedestrians and businesses
ends up overreaching. After the Northern California
city of Arcata passed an ordi-
nance banning panhandling in
2010, a local resident, Richard
Salzman, sued in State Superior
Court in Humboldt County. Mr. Salzman, 53, an agent for
commercial illustrators, said he
had no problem with Arcata’s ef-
forts to curb aggressive panhan-
dling. But he objected to the city
— long known for its liberal lean-
ings — also prohibiting panhan-
dling that was not necessarily
threatening on its face, like mere-
ly asking for money within 20 feet
of the entrance to a store or res-
taurant. “I don’t know how much more
passive you can be than standing
there silently holding a sign,” he
said. “This is a slippery slope we
don’t want to go down.” Last month, Judge Dale A.
Reinholtsen ruled that Arcata’s
law was indeed too broad and
struck down most provisions that
prohibited all panhandling in spe-
cific locations. “The court finds that the legiti-
mate interests advanced by
Arcata with respect to the target-
ed panhandling prohibition are
insufficient in most instances to
justify the infringement of solici-
tors’ speech rights,” Judge Rein-
holtsen wrote in his opinion. In Colorado Springs, city offi-
cials are weighing a panhandling
ban for a commercial section of
downtown, after merchants com-
plained that begging was inter-
fering with business. “What they have told us is that
the persistent sort of solicitation
by people who just camp out in
front of stores every day down-
town has really discouraged tour-
ists, shoppers and families from
coming downtown,” said City At-
torney Chris Melcher. Mr. Melcher acknowledged
that there could well be a legal
challenge if the ordinance is ap-
proved. But he said the city,
which already bans aggressive
panhandling, was committed to
drafting a law that would avoid
prohibiting lawful speech. On a blustery Thursday morn-
ing in Colorado Springs, Turtle
Dean, a 36-year-old homeless
man, said that he did not think
the proposed ban was fair. “I only ask for money for stuff
that I need to survive. Clothes
and food,” said Mr. Dean, who
panhandles downtown and
vowed to continue begging, ban
or not. The most recent suit by Mr.
Evans, who is being represented
by a lawyer with the Utah Civil
Rights and Liberties Foundation,
was filed last month against the
City of American Fork, where he
was recently cited for panhan-
dling. While city officials consider
whether to fight the suit, Ameri-
can Fork has agreed not to pur-
sue the charges against him for
now and to temporarily stop en-
forcing the statute.
Mayor James H. Hadfield said
Mr. Evans had been cited be-
cause he was panhandling in a
construction zone and people had
complained.
“I have nothing against Mr. Ev-
ans or people who do these types
of activities and use common
sense,” he said. “We react to peo-
ple’s complaints. We are not on a
witch hunt.”
MIKE TERRY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Steve Ray Evans, in Salt Lake City on Thursday, has successfully sued Utah cities over panhandling citations, arguing that his right to free speech is being violated.
Homeless Are Fighting Back Against Panhandling Bans
Cities Accused of Overreaching
In Curbs on Aggressive Begging
MATTHEW STAVER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Dimples, left, and Turtle Dean panhandled on Thursday in downtown Colorado Springs. By MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT
WASHINGTON — Federal au-
thorities said Friday that there
were “strong preliminary indica-
tions” that a Border Patrol agent
who was killed in a shooting on
Tuesday in Arizona near the bor-
der with Mexico was accidental-
ly shot by another agent. The authorities also said that
another agent who was injured
was also probably wounded by
an agent. “While it is important to em-
phasize that the F.B.I.’s investi-
gation is actively continuing,
there are strong preliminary in-
dications that” the agents were
shot by another agent, said
James L. Turgal Jr., a senior offi-
cial for the Federal Bureau of In-
vestigation in Arizona. He added, “At the appropriate
time further information will be
provided, but while the investi-
gation continues it would be in-
appropriate to comment any fur-
ther at this time.” The agent who died, Nicholas
Ivie, 30, of Provo, Utah, was shot
as he and two other agents re-
sponded to a ground sensor that
went off near the border Tuesday
around 1:50 a.m. At first, officials said they be-
lieved that the sensors had been
set off by criminals at the border. “They were both responding
to the same location, one group
from the north and another from
the south,” said George E.
McCubbin III, the head of the
National Border Patrol Council, a
union representing agents.
After the shooting, Republican
members of Congress on Tues-
day tried to tie it to an investiga-
tion of gun trafficking known as
Operation Fast and Furious, in
which the Bureau of Alcohol, To-
bacco, Firearms and Explosives
did not seize hundreds of weap-
ons that were purchased illegal-
ly, in the hope of tracing them to
Mexican drug cartels. Two of the guns were found at
the scene of a 2010 shooting in
which a Border Patrol agent, Bri-
an Terry, was killed.
The shooting Tuesday oc-
curred near a Border Patrol sta-
tion in Naco, Ariz., that had re-
cently been named in honor of
Agent Terry.
“There’s no way to know at
this point how the agent was
killed, but because of Operation
Fast and Furious, we’ll wonder
for years if the guns used in any
killing along the border were
part of an ill-advised gun-walk-
ing strategy sanctioned by the
federal government,” Senator
Charles E. Grassley, Republican
of Iowa, said Tuesday in a state-
ment. “It’s a sad commentary.”
Janet Napolitano, secretary of
the Department of Homeland Se-
curity and a former governor of
Arizona, met Friday with offi-
cials at the Border Patrol station
where Agent Ivie worked.
The Border Patrol agent who
was wounded in the shooting
Tuesday was not identified.
Accident
Suspected
In Death
At Border
Evidence suggests that
one Border Patrol
agent shot another in
Arizona. By TIMOTHY WILLIAMS
Early Friday morning, the tem-
perature in Houston was gradual-
ly cooling from a high of 88 de-
grees, part of a Texas summer
that just will not quit. Meanwhile,
more than 1,000 miles to the north
in Minnesota, a different kind of
cooling was taking place: More
than a foot of snow was coming
down.
The rare early October storm
that blanketed northwestern
Minnesota and parts of North
Dakota beginning Thursday is
expected to continue moving
west Saturday, the start of what
could be a very snowy winter.
Grand Forks, N.D., reported
three and a half inches of snow on
Thursday, according to the Na-
tional Weather Service, a record
for this early in October. In Mid-
dle River, Minn., eight inches fell.
But the heaviest snowfall was
in Roseau, Minn., 10 miles from
the Canadian border, where 14
inches of wet, heavy snow fell,
snapping tree limbs and causing
power failures in the town of
2,500, which bills itself as the
birthplace of snowmobiling.
“We’ve gotten snow this early,
but not like this,” said Greg
Sorensen, a dispatcher at the
Roseau County Sheriff’s Depart-
ment.
Mr. Sorensen said that in addi-
tion to a rash of power failures
across the county, five tractor-
trailers had jackknifed on local
highways. He said there were
also “lots of vehicles in ditches.”
Mr. Sorensen said there were no
reports of serious injuries.
Patrick Slattery, a spokesman
for the National Weather Service,
said that given the abrupt tem-
perature shift — autumn crisp-
ness to freezing cold — even
more snow than the accumulated
amount may have fallen, but the
rest had quickly evaporated.
“Some of the snow depths were
affected by the warmth of the
ground, so it melted pretty quick-
ly,” Mr. Slattery said.
The snowfall was expected to
only modestly ease the drought
conditions that have existed for
months throughout much of the
country. Rains, however, did help
quell wildfires in northwestern
Minnesota, officials said, includ-
ing near Karlstad, where fire de-
stroyed 11 homes this week.
National Weather Service me-
teorologists say snowfall will be
above normal this winter in an
arc of the country stretching
from Minnesota to New York.
Mr. Slattery said that heavy
snow was anticipated for Wyo-
ming and parts of Nebraska later
Friday, and that it would continue
Saturday into northeastern Colo-
rado and northwest Kansas.
“It would seem to indicate that
winter has started,” he said.
Just not in Texas, where the
high on Saturday is expected to
hit 85 degrees in Houston, and 92
in Corpus Christi.
DOUGLAS HANGER/WDAY TV
Snowfall near Thief River Falls, Minn., on Friday, after a rare early October storm. It’s Snowing in Minnesota! Yes, October Is Early for That.
N
A13
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By JOHN ELIGON
KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Admin-
istrators at the University of Mis-
souri completed a reversal of
their decision to close the uni-
versity’s publishing house when
they announced on Friday that
the longtime editor in chief,Clair
Willcox,would be rehired.
Mr. Willcox’s return stoked
glee among the hundreds of Uni-
versity of Missouri Press sup-
porters, including dozens of au-
thors who had condemned the
university system’s new presi-
dent, Timothy M. Wolfe, when he
announced in May that he would
be closing the publishing house.
Founded in 1958,it has spawned
titles including “‘The Collected
Works of Langston Hughes,”
“‘The Complete Sermons of
Ralph Waldo Emerson” and
“‘Mark Twain and His Circle.”
The move also could save the
core of the operation — 41 au-
thors who had works published
by the university press asked for
the rights to their works back un-
less Mr. Willcox was rehired.
“Victory Is Ours!” declared a
post on a Facebook page, Save
the University of Missouri Press,
created by Ned Stuckey-French,
a professor at Florida State Uni-
versity and an author with the
press, and Bruce Joshua Miller, a
sales representative for universi-
ty publishers.
“I’m floating,” Mr. Stuckey-
French said in an interview.
Mr. Wolfe said in an interview
that the university was not
changing course. His intention
never was to close the press, he
said, but rather to reinvent it in a
more cost-effective technological
model.
“We’re down this path and
we’re continuing to move toward
our goal of having a more adap-
tive, innovative press which at-
tracts the best scholarly work on
a global basis and publishes both
physical print books as well as
electronic,” he said.
When Mr. Wolfe announced
that he would pull the $400,000
annual subsidy that the universi-
ty system, which includes four
campuses around the state, pro-
vides the press, the outrage pres-
sured the administration into
hastily announcing a new opera-
tion that it said would be more ef-
ficient. But that announcement
sparked even more criticism. The
announcement was short on de-
tails, and critics said it did not of-
fer a bold, new, innovative sys-
tem that the administration had
promised.
The controversy highlighted a
broader challenge that university
presses are grappling with na-
tionwide. Publishing scholarly
works directed toward a niche
audience, most do not generate
profits, and they are finding it dif-
ficult to survive amid shrinking
campus budgets and a digital
publishing landscape.
Under the intense scrutiny, the
Missouri administration, in late
August, pulled back from its new
model and announced that the
university press would continue
to operate with its current staff in
its current location in Columbia.
Administrators also announced
that the Columbia campus would
take over responsibility for the
press from the system, and they
created an advisory committee to
examine ways to grow and inno-
vate the press.
But the outrage did not spur
this decision to change course,
Mr. Wolfe said; rather it was the
result of further discussions that
helped administrators find a
more effective model.
While press supporters saw
the decision as a win, they re-
mained unhappy that Mr. Willcox
had not been given back his job.
So they continued to lobby.
Mr. Wolfe conceded missteps
had been made early in the pro-
cess of deciding what to do about
the press.
“There’s more people that
should have been brought into
this conversation,” he said, like
authors, other university publish-
ers and the staff of the Missouri
press.
In a statement released by the
university, Mr. Willcox said, “One
of my first priorities is to contact
our authors and work to re-en-
gage them as we move forward
and become a part of M.U.”
Missouri Rewrites Plot,
Rehiring Editor in Chief
Of the University Press
PHOTOGRAPHS BY AUGUST KRYGER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Unless Clair Willcox, above, was brought back as editor in
chief, 41 authors wanted the rights to their works back. At left, a
volume celebrating the university press. The university presi-
dent said he had not intended to close the publishing house.
Most university
publishers are finding
it difficult to survive.
By ADESHINA EMMANUEL
Maryland and Virginia share a
history rich in both rivalry and
cooperation, and the same can be
said for their governors. Both Martin O’Malley, the
Democrat who leads Maryland,
and Bob McDonnell, his Repub-
lican counterpart in Virginia, are
rising political stars. Each is
chairman of his party’s national
governors’ association,and each
is a standard-bearer for his par-
ty’s presidential nominee. Each
is also mentioned as a possible
2016 presidential candidate.
Some people say that much of
the talk about a Maryland-Virgin-
ia face-off is overblown. As for
the governors, each says that if
there is in fact a rivalry, his state
is winning it. “I’m just trying to do what is
right for Virginia, and I’m sure
Governor O’Malley is trying to
do the same, but we have differ-
ent philosophies and different
outcomes,” said Mr. McDonnell, a
former member of the Virginia
House of Delegates and a former
state attorney general.
Much of that difference has to
do with taxes.Mr. McDonnell,
elected in 2009 and limited by law
to one term, takes pride in his ef-
forts to burnish Virginia’s rep-
utation as a low-tax, business-
friendly state. Sales tax is 5 per-
cent in Virginia and 6 percent in
Maryland. Top-bracket income-
tax payers pay 5.75 percent in
Virginia while those in Maryland
pay 9 percent. Virginia’s corpo-
rate tax rate is 6 percent and
Maryland’s is 8.25 percent. Vir-
ginia’s unemployment rate is 5.6
percent, compared with 7.1 per-
cent in Maryland — both lower
than the national average.
Working with Republican ma-
jorities in both chambers of the
state legislature, Mr. McDonnell
has been able to balance the
state’s budget without raising
taxes,though critics have derid-
ed some of his solutions as gim-
micks, notably some approaches
to financing future state pen-
sions. And, like other Virginia
governors from both parties, he
has been chided for putting off
long-term investments in high-
ways and mass transit. Mr. O’Malley, a former Balti-
more mayor, has a reputation, for
better or for worse, of raising tax-
es — more than 20 separate in-
creases since becoming governor
in 2008. It is a legacy that a Re-
publican opponent might find an
irresistible target if Mr. O’Malley
ever runs for president. Early in his first term he called
a special session in the General
Assembly that resulted in $1.4 bil-
lion in increases in taxes on sales,
tobacco, personal income and
corporations. He also levied a
temporary tax on millionaires.
More recently, with the state fac-
ing a $1 billion budget deficit in
2013, he signed a tax increase on
Maryland’s top earners that en-
sured them one of the highest in-
come tax rates in the country. Mr. O’Malley argues that tax
rates are just one measure of a
state’s standing.
“On the other side of the river,
especially under Governor Mc-
Donnell, they would have you be-
lieve that it all begins and ends
with tax rate,” Mr. O’Malley said.
“We all strive to be competitive
on that score.” He added, “But
there are other things that de-
termine whether or not your
state is well-equipped and wheth-
er your children are more likely
to be winners or losers in a
changing economy.”
He mentioned that Maryland is
first in median income, while Vir-
ginia is eighth, and that the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce ranks
Maryland first in innovation and
entrepreneurship, while Virgin-
ia again ranks eighth. He also
noted that Maryland had the
fourth-highest percentage of
workers in “green jobs,” in 2010,
compared with Virginia at 20th,
according to the Bureau of Labor
Statistics Green Goods and Serv-
ices Survey released in March.
Mr. O’Malley noted that Edu-
cation Week ranks his state as
No.1 in K-12 public education. He
also argued that he has been
more committed to investing in
public education than has Mr.
McDonnell. For the 2012-13 school
year, Virginia’s financing for K-12
education decreased by 10 per-
cent compared with 2008 levels,
while Maryland’s investment in-
creased 7.4 percent.
Mr. O’Malley says he has in-
vested in human capital to urge
Maryland toward “building an
economy for the future that will
last,” through maximizing educa-
tional attainment, developing
worker skills and focusing on
emerging sectors including life
sciences and biotechnology.
The roles of Mr. O’Malley and
Mr. McDonnell as leaders of their
governors’ associations put them
on a national stage as stewards of
their parties’ message and ap-
proach to governance. There are
now 29 states with Republican
governors, 20 headed by Demo-
crats and one with an independ-
ent. Eleven states have gover-
nors’ elections this year. “Yeah, I want to win as many
governors’ races as I can,” Mr.
McDonnell said. “But not be-
cause I’m in competition with
Governor O’Malley, but because I
really do believe the 29 Repub-
lican governors are doing some
unique things in reforming gov-
ernment in their states and giv-
ing new birth to federalism. Be-
cause they focus on fiscal respon-
sibility and low taxes and limited
government they are getting bet-
ter results for their people.” He added, “I say this not just
about Virginia and Maryland, but
I could say it about Wisconsin
and Illinois or other Republican
governors.” Mr. O’Malley, of course, is not
so upbeat about the impact of Re-
publican governors.
“Some of these newly elected
governors who were elected in
2010 or even 2009 promised they
would restore the economy,” Mr.
O’Malley said. “Instead when
they got in, they governed by
rolling back individual rights —
rolling back women’s rights, roll-
ing back voters’ rights, rolling
back workers’ rights. The people
in a lot of the states — Ohio, Flor-
ida and others — are scratching
their heads and feeling a bit of
buyer’s remorse for putting in
people with such a narrow right-
wing ideology.”
Despite their differences, Mr.
O’Malley, 49,and Mr. O’Donnell,
58,are friendly on the regional
level and have more in common
than just their Irish-Catholic
backgrounds and rising fame.
They have worked together on
regional issues, including the
cleanup of the Chesapeake Bay,
public safety in the capital region
and transportation issues. By
most accounts, the men and their
staffs have a good working rela-
tionship with each other.
Both men said they would be
open to a different type of part-
nership: “I understand he is a
pretty good guitar player,” Mr.
McDonnell said of Mr. O’Malley,
who plays and sings in an Irish
rock band. “We ought to get to-
gether; I play the drums, al-
though I don’t play them well.” Mr. O’Malley sounded in-
trigued by the prospect.
“Does he have a practice tape
or anything he can send us?” he
asked. “I’d love to jam with him,
it’d be fun. I’m totally open —
music is nonpartisan.”
Leading Maryland and Virginia, With Stars on the Rise
LUKE SHARRETT/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Govs. Martin O’Malley, left, Democrat of Maryland, and Bob McDonnell, Republican of Virgin-
ia, reflect the longstanding rivalries and cooperation that exist between their states.
CHARLIE NEIBERGALL/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
A14
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
looking for cutting-edge ideas in
cybersecurity. His program has
entered into 74 contracts, and
about 40 projects have been com-
pleted, work that he said would
have been stymied by traditional
government bureaucracy. (Mr.
Zatko made a name for himself as
a respected hacker before joining
the government — he testified
before a Senate committee in
1998, using the pseudonym
Mudge, and told the panel that he
could take down the Internet in
30 minutes.) When his government col-
leagues see the results of his pro-
gram, “their jaws just drop,” Mr.
Zatko said.
Many people say that hacker-
spaces are promising incubators
for innovation and should be cul-
tivated. However, not everyone
agrees that the Defense Depart-
ment should be playing a role, es-
pecially in high school programs. “Having these programs in
schools is fantastic, but the mil-
itary calling the shots in Ameri-
can education?” Mitch Altman, a
co-founder of Noisebridge, a San
Francisco hackerspace, said in an
interview. “I don’t see that as a
positive move,” added Mr. Alt-
man, who, in an online post, was
among the first to take a stand
against the program.
The controversy over the gov-
ernment programs led to a tense
session in a packed ballroom at
the Hackers on Planet Earth con-
ference this summer in New
York, where recipients and critics
of the Darpa financing gathered
to discuss its implications. “If you grow a piece of celery
in red water, it’s going to be red,”
said Sean Auriti, who is known as
Psytek at the hackerspace Alpha
One Labs in Brooklyn, which he
runs. “I’m just wondering how
this Darpa defense contract
money is going to influence these
projects.” And yet Mr. Auriti himself is
benefiting from the Darpa money
as a member of SpaceGambit, a
consortium of hackerspaces that
won a $500,000 grant for research
in space exploration and coloni-
zation technologies. He said he
hoped that the grant would help
him build a mini-thruster to
launch backpack-size satellites
into orbit. But the debate over the financ-
ing has prompted him to estab-
lish a separate working group for
the space research with Darpa.
That way, none of his workshop’s
members will feel as though they
are unwillingly participating in
government work, he said.
Some on the conference panel
voiced concerns that Darpa fi-
nancing would steer more hack-
ers toward military projects. Mr.
Altman, the Noisebridge co-
founder, said he viewed the influ-
ence of military money as a
threat because it would lead
hackers to choose projects that
might appeal to grant makers, as
opposed to following their pas-
sions, however idiosyncratic. Everyone on the panel agreed
that hackerspaces could provide
an exciting model for hands-on
technical education in schools,
and Dale Dougherty, the founder
of Maker Media, which caters to
the do-it-yourself movement, said
he believed that the high school
program that his company was
managing would do just that. “I think we’re looking at sci-
ence and technology as content,
not experiences,” Mr. Dougherty
said. “We’re asking kids, ‘Do you
want to be an engineer?’ and
they don’t know what that
means. But if you ask them,
‘What do you want to make?’
they start thinking about doing
something.”
Darpa’s Web site describes the
program’s goal as encouraging
students to “jointly design and
build systems of moderate com-
plexity, such as mobile robots, go-
carts, etc., in response to prize
challenges.” But Mr. Dougherty said that
the fears about his program were
unfounded, and that he wanted
the students to work on projects
of their choosing. “We’re not asking kids to build
weapons,” he said. Darpa has a storied history of
making long-shot bets and hop-
ing that a handful of them will
pay off. It financed the develop-
ment of technologies that led to
the creation of the Internet, GPS
and stealth technology. This clus-
ter of bets on low-cost, innovative
manufacturing is part of a strat-
egy by Darpa officials to reduce
development times in a range of
projects like armored vehicle
construction and cybersecurity
fixes. When Lt. Col. Nathan Wieden-
man, a Darpa program manager,
appeared in Army fatigues this
May at a San Francisco-area do-
it-yourself festival, Maker Faire,
he said the agency’s mission was
to ensure that the United States
would never again be surprised
by the technical superiority of an
enemy state, as it was when the
Soviet Union launched Sputnik. “To push the bounds of new
technology, we have to physically
make things,” he said. Colonel Wiedenman is manag-
ing both the grant for the high
school program and a $3.5 million
grant to the retail start-up Tech-
Shop (it is a bit like a Kinko’s, but
instead of copiers, members pay
to user laser cutters). As part of
that contract, Darpa employees
will have access to TechShop’s
tools after midnight, when the
doors are closed to the public,
since Darpa has no lab space of
its own.
Matt Joyce, an early hacker-
space member who has worked
with NASA and has publicly
voiced support for Darpa financ-
ing, said he believed that the
agency’s interest in hackerspac-
es was a sign of their growing im-
portance. But he acknowledged
that the government financing
would continue to provoke de-
bate, because questions about
ethics often loom large for engi-
neers, even in cases in which the
government allows them to re-
tain commercial rights to their in-
ventions.
“You never know when you
build something where it might
end up,” he said. “I think there’s a
lot of folks getting the Darpa
funding, and a lot of people
watching on the sidelines to see
what happens.” Money From Military
Is Stirring Unease In Hacker Workshops
DANA SMITH
Peiter Zatko, a hacker known
as Mudge who now works for
the Defense Advanced Re-
search Projects Agency, in
1999, left, and today.
From Page A1
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
The first rapid home-testing kit
for H.I.V. has just gone on sale for
$40, marketed as a way for peo-
ple to find out privately if they
have the virus that causes AIDS. But some experts and advo-
cates say that another use, unad-
vertised, for the OraQuick test —
to screen potential sexual part-
ners — may become equally pop-
ular and even help slow an epi-
demic stuck at 50,000 new in-
fections each year in the United
States. There are reasons to think that
screening might make a differ-
ence. Studies have found that a
significant minority of people
who are H.I.V.-positive either lie
about their status or keep it se-
cret, infecting unsuspecting part-
ners. And though the manufacturer,
OraSure Technologies, is not pro-
moting the use of the test for
screening, 70 percent of the 4,000
men and women in the compa-
ny’s clinical trials said they
would either definitely or very
likely use it that way. Some even
suggested that the company sell
boxes of two so couples could be
tested together.
The only study of the practice
— a small one involving 27 gay
men who frequently had sex with
virtual strangers without using
condoms — found that it prob-
ably prevented some infections.
The study was published online
in August by the journal AIDS
and Behavior. “If it becomes a community
norm, people may start testing
their partners,” said Alex Carbal-
lo-Diéguez, the lead author of the
study, who is a psychology pro-
fessor at Columbia University
and the associate director of the
H.I.V. Center for Clinical and Be-
havioral Studies at the New York
State Psychiatric Institute. “On
sex sites now, men advertise
themselves as ‘drug-and-disease-
free.’ They could start saying
‘D-and-D-free, and willing to
prove it.’”
Other AIDS experts had
doubts. Some thought $40 was
too much for people who need to
screen multiple partners. Others
said that men and women who
are not comfortable demanding
that their partners wear condoms
would be unable to insist on a
test. And some, including Anthony
S. Fauci, the country’s best-
known AIDS doctor, worried that
a negative test could lead part-
ners to forgo condoms, removing
the barrier to both H.I.V. and oth-
er diseases like gonorrhea.
The OraQuick test is imperfect.
It is nearly 100 percent accurate
when it indicates that someone is
not infected and, in fact, is not.
But it is only about 93 percent ac-
curate when it says that someone
is not infected and the person ac-
tually does have the virus,
though the body is not yet pro-
ducing the antibodies that the
test detects.
The men in Dr. Carballo-Dié-
guez’s study were given 16 tests
each and followed for three
months. None of them had unpro-
tected sex with anyone who test-
ed positive.
Of the 101 partners they tested,
10 were positive. In six cases, it
was how the partner first learned
he was infected. (Ten percent is a
very high success rate for H.I.V.
testing, experts said.)
Twenty-three other partners
refused testing. Two, after being
asked, admitted knowing they
were infected.
Seven men got angry, and one
stomped on the kit. One man
walked out saying he wanted to
be alone and broke off contact.
Asking usually did not ruin the
moment’s intimacy, the men said.
Some pairs did the tests together,
swabbing each other’s gums.
Some passed the 20-minute wait
talking, playing video games or
in foreplay. One 47-year-old man
found the wait helpful, telling the
researchers, “It gives you that
extra 20 minutes to decide, ‘O.K.,
if this comes back negative, am I
really ready to bareback?’” —
slang for having sex without a
condom. Dr. Carballo-Diéguez said peo-
ple’s decision about whether to
screen would depend on various
factors, including the test’s price
and how comfortable they were
with its imperfect accuracy.
OraSure appears ambivalent
about partner screening. AIDS
experts said the company might
fear lawsuits by people infected
by partners who got false nega-
tives — a possibility it declined to
comment on. In an interview, its
president, Douglas A. Michel,
said, “We’re supportive, as long
as it’s between consenting
adults.”
But he also said the label would
warn that the test “should not be
used to make decisions that
might put the user at risk of con-
tracting H.I.V.”
Asked about the price of the
test, he said market research in-
dicated that most users would
buy it once or twice a year, so $40
was “appropriate.” The technology is similar to
that in home pregnancy kits,
which sell for as little as $4 each.
Larry Kramer, the longtime
AIDS activist, called screening “a
potentially cool idea, but it de-
pends on how the partner/date/
trick/stranger takes it.”
If a test had been around 30
years ago, he added, “there
would have been a lot more peo-
ple alive today.”
Hunteur Vreeland, a profes-
sional party organizer who ar-
ranges “gay porn harbor cruises”
and “underwear erotic parties”
at Paddles, a dungeon-themed
club in New York, said he would
even consider selling home tests
at his events. He now offers free
H.I.V. testing at them in conjunc-
tion with the Men’s Sexual
Health Project of Bellevue Hospi-
tal Center.
“Knowledge is never a bad
thing,” he said. He added that if a
potential partner unexpectedly
pulled out a test kit, he would
probably leave. Then he reconsidered.
“But if the dude was hot, and
maybe I was on the cusp of get-
ting tested anyway — well, then,
maybe I’d be, ‘All right, I’ll take
it.’”
Justin Goforth, the director of
medical adherence for Whitman-
Walker Health, a clinic in Wash-
ington with many AIDS patients,
said he doubted that screening
would help his clientele.
“It’s expensive,” he said. “Peo-
ple who can afford it already
have strategies for avoiding in-
fection. It won’t help women
whose men refuse to use con-
doms, because he’ll refuse to take
the test, too. And the same for
young black men — they usually
get infected by older men, and
the power dynamic is not in their
favor.”
Steven Petrow, the author of
“Complete Gay & Lesbian Man-
ners,” argued against screening.
“Nobody should take this test
and 20 minutes later go have un-
protected sex,” he said. “The art
of talking to a partner is the pri-
mary thing. You have to respect
each other and tell the truth.”
But numerous studies have
shown that many sexual partners
do not.
In a large 2007 survey led by
Dr. Robert Klitzman, also of Co-
lumbia University and the New
York State Psychiatric Institute,
nearly 20 percent of infected gay
men admitted to having had un-
protected sex with at least one
partner without revealing their
status.
Men made many excuses, say-
ing they believed that they were
not infectious or felt it was the
partner’s duty to ask. An equally large 2003 study led
by Dr. Daniel H. Ciccarone of the
University of California, San
Francisco, found that about 9 per-
cent of H.I.V.-positive heterosex-
ual men and women and about 14
percent of infected gay or bisexu-
al men had recently had unpro-
tected sex with someone they ei-
ther knew was uninfected or
were unsure about, without re-
vealing their own infection.
The authors estimated that in
the six months their study cov-
ered, 17,000 infected gay men
across the country and almost
5,000 infected heterosexual men
and women had sex without tell-
ing the truth. ÁNGEL FRANCO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Some experts said the OraQuick test’s $40 price would prevent
many people from using it to screen multiple partners.
Another Use for Rapid Home H.I.V. Test: Screening Sexual Partners An unadvertised
purpose could help
slow an epidemic.
By DENISE GRADY
As the case count continued to
rise in a multistate outbreak of
meningitis linked to a tainted
drug, federal health officials em-
phasized on Friday that it was ab-
solutely essential to find every-
one who may have been exposed
to the drug, which was used in
spinal injections for back pain. “All patients who may have re-
ceived these medications need to
be tracked down immediately,”
Dr. Benjamin Park, a medical of-
ficer at the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention, said in a
statement. “It is possible that if
patients with infection are identi-
fied soon and put on appropriate
antifungal therapy, lives may be
saved.” Health officials said they were
concerned that some patients
who initially had mild symptoms
did not realize they needed med-
ical attention. But this type of
meningitis, caused by a fungus,
can become very severe, so there
is an urgent need for early treat-
ment. Doctors urged anyone who had
a spinal injection for pain in the
last few months to contact a doc-
tor if they became ill, particularly
with symptoms that include a
new or worsening headache, fe-
ver, stiff neck, sensitivity to light,
nausea, slurred speech or loss of
balance. The medical name for
the injections is a lumbar epidu-
ral steroid injection.
Fungal meningitis does not
spread from person to person.
By Friday, there were 47 cases
in seven states, including five
deaths — an increase of 12 cases
since Thursday. Health officials
say they expect more cases to oc-
cur because the illness has an in-
cubation period that can be a
month or possibly longer. The
contaminated medicine, a steroid
called methylprednisolone ace-
tate, was still being used in the
third week of September, so there
may be people who are infected
but have not yet fallen ill. Doctors want to treat sick peo-
ple as soon as possible, but they
say it is not appropriate to give
antifungal drugs as preventive
medicine to people who have
been exposed but are not ill be-
cause the side effects of the
drugs, which may include kidney
problems, are too harsh.
Hundreds and possibly thou-
sands of people have been ex-
posed to the fungus-laden drug.
The pharmacy that made it, the
New England Compounding Cen-
ter in Framingham, Mass.,
shipped 17,676 vials of the po-
tentially contaminated product to
75 pain clinics in 23 states. The
disease centers posted on its Web
site a list of all the clinics that re-
ceived the drugs. A meningitis outbreak
worsens among
back-pain patients.
Officials Seek People Exposed to a Tainted Drug
Ø
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THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
led him to making the acclaimed
artisanal wines under the Cov-
enant label has converged with
the path that led him from a
childhood so Jewishly rootless
that his family kept a Christmas
tree to an adulthood so full of
Jewish tradition that each day he
recites the Shema prayer and
straps on tefillin,the small leath-
er boxes containing biblical
verses.
“There’s nothing else I know
besides kosher wine that
could’ve led a wayward Jew like
me back to Judaism,” Mr. Mor-
gan, 59, said the other day, stand-
ing on iron-red soil amid rows of
grapevines. “Nothing else that
could grab me in the soul.”
For oenophiles, and for kosher
connoisseurs, it matters that Cov-
enant makes very fine wines.
Since the first vintage was re-
leased in 2003, Covenant has gen-
erally scored 90 to 94 in the rat-
ings by Wine Advocate and Wine
Spectator magazines. Robert
Parker, the wine guru, wrote of
Covenant’s 2005 cabernet sauvi-
gnon, “Jeff Morgan continues to
make one of the finest kosher
wines on Planet Earth.”
Yet such success only repre-
sents the material manifestation
of a spiritual quest, one that be-
gan in the Upper West Side
household of an ad-man father
and a theatrical-publicist mother.
The closest young Jeff got to any-
thing resembling observance
was attending the bar mitzvah of
Ben Stiller, the son of family
friends. When the college rabbi at
Wesleyan University invited Mr.
Morgan during his freshman
year to come over for Shabbos
dinner, he asked in sincere igno-
rance, “What’s Shabbos?” Mr. Morgan went wherever his
passions pointed — leaving Wes-
NAPA, Calif. — When Jeff Mor-
gan rose before dawn one morn-
ing this week, two different calen-
dars told him harvest time had
arrived. It was the third day of
October, the heart of
grape-picking season
in the wine country
of Northern Califor-
nia, and it was the
third day of Sukkot,
the Jewish holiday
that since antiquity has celebrat-
ed the gathering of crops.
For the first two days of Suk-
kot, when work is prohibited, Mr.
Morgan had kept away from his
vineyards, putting faith in the Al-
mighty, and also in his own re-
fined human prowess at judging
when grapes would reach their
optimal moment of ripened, con-
centrated flavor.
Now he drove into a small val-
ley near the Napa basin to bring
in the cabernet sauvignon and
petite sirah. He made sure that
the pickers were not grabbing too
many leaves along with the
grapes or piling the clusters too
thickly in plastic bins, squeezing
juice prematurely from the fruit
on the bottom. Later in the day, in a
warehouselike building about an
hour away, Mr. Morgan would be-
gin the crushing. Then he and his
wife and daughter and his
winery’s mashgiach, the man
who oversees adherence to Juda-
ic law in food preparation, and
perhaps a friend, the local Cha-
bad rabbi, would sit in the autum-
nal sunlight for a homemade ko-
sher lunch. These entwined strands of the
sacred and the secular, of Juda-
ism and viniculture, have defined
Mr. Morgan’s life. The path that
leyan to earn degrees in music
and geology from French univer-
sities, leading the resident jazz
band at a Monte Carlo casino,
learning to appreciate wine in
Europe and how to make it in a
start-up vineyard on Long Is-
land’s East End, then writing for
wine periodicals. (Full disclo-
sure: During the early 1990s, Mr.
Morgan also wrote occasional
freelance articles about Long Is-
land agriculture for The New
York Times.)
Along the way, he fitfully set
about filling the hole in his soul,
whether by taking a conversa-
tional Hebrew class in college,
studying one summer at the Jew-
ish Theological Seminary, or
standing before the sacred West-
ern Wall in Jerusalem, wonder-
ing why he felt nothing when he
should have been feeling so
much. Then, in the early 1990s, “Ha-
shem comes in,” as Mr. Morgan
put it, using the Hebrew term for
God. Hashem took the form of an
assignment from Wine Spectator
to write about kosher wines for
Passover. To his own amazement,
Mr. Morgan discovered kosher
wine had improved considerably
from the treacly Manischewitz
brand he dimly recalled from
childhood.
By the end of the decade, Mr.
Morgan had grown close to the
Herzog family, which owned and
operated a prominent kosher
winery in California, and to Les-
lie Rudd, a Kansas-born Jew who
had become a high-end winemak-
er in Napa as well as the owner of
Dean & DeLuca. He hired Mr.
Morgan as the company’s wine
director and the author of its
food-and-wine cookbook. That
only heightened Mr. Morgan’s
ambitions.
“If you give me 10 tons of your
best cabernet,” Mr. Morgan re-
calls having told Mr. Rudd in
2002, “I can make the best kosher
wine in 5,000 years.” To which Mr.
Rudd replied, If you mess it up, it
could be the worst.
The men ultimately agreed
that if Mr. Morgan bought grapes
elsewhere, Mr. Rudd would in-
vest as his equal partner, and so
Covenant was born. In its early
years, Mr. Morgan produced the
wine in Herzog facilities, occa-
sionally with a rabbi leading the
minchah and ma’ariv (afternoon
and evening) worship services
beside the fermentation tanks.
In early 2003, Mr. Morgan felt
compelled enough to teach him-
self Hebrew and to read his way
through an English translation of
the Torah. He struggled to pro-
nounce the kiddush, the blessing
over wine, at family dinners,
even as his daughters impatient-
ly implored, “Come on, Daddy,
get on with it.”
Yet he kept plodding. In 2007,
he belatedly became a bar mitz-
vah, reciting the blessing over
the Torah reading for the first
time in his life. With his wife,
Jodie, a social worker by training
and his co-author on several
cookbooks, Mr. Morgan installed
a kosher kitchen in their home.
His younger daughter, Zoe, is
about to leave for a junior year
abroad at the University of Haifa.
“This has been a journey, a
beautiful journey,” Jodie Morgan
said. “It’s given us this sense of
being welcomed, embraced, a
kind of spiritual coming home.”
As for Mr. Morgan, he likes to
point out that his bar mitzvah To-
rah portion recounts the story of
Noah and the flood. And after
seeing the rainbow and the dove
and coming at last to dry land,
the first thing Noah does is plant
a grapevine. “Every harvest, I al-
ways see some amazing rain-
bows,” Mr. Morgan said. “I feel
like Noah is visiting. I feel part of
the covenant.”
Napa Maker of Prized Kosher Wine Says His Faith Came Through the Vine
PHOTOGRAPHS BY JIM WILSON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
“There’s nothing else I know besides kosher wine that could’ve led a wayward Jew like me back to Judaism,” said Jeff Morgan, 59.
Mr. Morgan at a Covenant vineyard in Oakville, Calif.
SAMUEL G.
FREEDMAN ON
RELIGION A writing assignment
leads to the Torah
and to a new career.
E-mail: sgf1@columbia.edu SOUTH
Alabama: Teachers Accused of Altering Grades
The State Department of Education said Friday that it would in-
vestigate reports that high school teachers in Montgomery had altered
students’ grades to help them pass classes. The move came after The
Montgomery Advertiser reported Thursday that teachers at three high
schools had changed grades to improve their schools’ performance un-
der the federal No Child Left Behind Act. Teachers gave failing students
high marks on fake assignments and raised semester grades by 50
points for students who completed a one-page extra-credit assignment,
the newspaper reported. The Montgomery schools superintendent,
Barbara Thompson, called for a state investigation. ROBBIE BROWN
Florida:Registration Complaints Against Democrats
The Florida Department of State said Friday that it had forwarded com-
plaints about alleged voter registration fraud against the state Demo-
cratic Party and two other groups to the Florida Department of Law En-
forcement. The groups are the Florida New Majority Education Fund
and the National Council of La Raza/Democracia USA. Neither state
agency would comment on the extent of the allegations. A party spokes-
woman said the Democrats were unaware of any complaints that they
had registered someone who was ineligible. The Department of Law
Enforcement this week began an inquiry into alleged fraud by a compa-
ny hired by the state Republicans.
(AP)
Florida:52 Hurt in Chain-Reaction Crashes
The Florida Highway Patrol said Friday that 52 people were hurt in a
chain reaction involving 12 crashes and 47 vehicles on southbound In-
terstate 75.The collisions occurred Friday afternoon near the border of
Sarasota and Manatee Counties and closed a stretch of the road for six
hours. The authorities attributed the collisions to heavy rain and driver
error, including drivers traveling too fast given the weather.
(AP)
MIDWEST
Michigan: Plan on Carp Falters, Congressman Says
The Army Corps of Engineers will not meet a legal deadline for com-
pleting a plan to prevent Asian carp from invading the Great Lakes,
Representative Dave Camp said Friday. Mr. Camp, a Republican, said
he planned to “hold the corps accountable.” President Obama signed
legislation in July that ordered the corps to devise a plan for blocking
the Asian carp’s path into the Great Lakes through Chicago waterways
and other possible entry points. The measure, sponsored by Mr. Camp
and Senator Debbie Stabenow, a Democrat, set a deadline of January
2014 for finishing the plan. Mr. Camp said the corps intended to release
only a list of options, which he called unacceptable. (AP)
WEST
California: Owner Charged With Looting Wine Bank
The operator of a business where people can store bottles of wine has
been charged with stealing nearly $3 million in vintage wines from cli-
ents’ lockers. The operator, George Osumi, 64, of Newport Beach, was
charged with burglary, grand theft and other counts. Prosecutors said
Mr. Osumi, who ran Legend Cellars in Irvine, took bottles of wine worth
$2.7 million and replaced them with cheaper brands. (AP)
WASHINGTON
Judge Orders Metro to Display Provocative Ads
A judge has ruled that the Washington transit system must accept a
pro-Israel advertisement that equates radical Muslims with savages.
Judge Rosemary M. Collyer of Federal District Court said Friday that
the advertisement must be displayed by 5 p.m. Monday. The American
Freedom Defense Initiative sued for the right to place the ads.Similar
ads recently appeared in the New York subway system. (AP)
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
his experience that day seems
like the forgotten prehistory of to-
day’s continuous news operation.
He found a growing pile of wire
copy on his wooden desk and a
Teletype operator waiting to
transmit his words to WMCA.
Collaboration between the paper
and the radio station, precursor
to WQXR, had been in place for
only seven days. It made him the
first person at The Times to pro-
vide the public with news that
was already changing the world,
the city and his life. In the exhibit, a paragraph
summarizes the devastation
wreaked by the surprise attack,
which killed more than 2,400 peo-
ple, and wrecked almost 300
planes. But the compression of
history gave way when my father
recalled his scramble to turn out
short, simple informative sen-
tences on a day when no details
were public, and “the name Pearl
Harbor didn’t mean anything.”
Even then, it was clear the
damage was heavy, with many
dead. The president was to ad-
dress Congress the next day. My
father remembers writing the
line, “Full hostilities between the
United States and Japan appear
inevitable.”
An old timer in charge of the
city desk that day, Walter Fenton,
was scandalized. “Hey,” he said,
“You can’t say that!” But it was
too late — the speculative words
were already on the air. By then others were swarming
in to volunteer. Among them was
the senior reporter who headed
the radio bulletin desk, Byron
Darnton, known as Barney, who
had been on vacation when he
heard the news over the car ra-
dio. Later, he would lose his life
as a Times war correspondent in
Asia. Like 900,000 other New York-
ers, my father, too, went to war.
“I was drafted in December By NINA BERNSTEIN
The old-fashioned radio at the
entrance was a time machine for
my father, Lester Bernstein, 92,
who was getting a preview of the
“World War II & NYC” exhibition
at the New-York Historical Soci-
ety. A grown-up grandson was
wheeling him through the exhib-
it, which opened on Friday. But
suddenly my father was again a
21-year-old reporter for The New
York Times faced with what
seemed like an unexciting new
assignment: to write hourly
news bulletins for the paper’s
nascent venture into radio broad-
casting.
“I regarded myself as ‘stuck’
with the assignment,” he once
wrote in an e-mail, looking back
on a career that began as a 17-
year-old campus correspondent
for The Times at Columbia Uni-
versity, and ended as an award-
winning editor of Newsweek
magazine. On the sunny Sunday
afternoon when he was due to
start, he was still at home on
West 106th Street, listening to a
New York Giants football game,
when word from Washington in-
terrupted the broadcast: Presi-
dent Roosevelt had just an-
nounced the Japanese attack on
Pearl Harbor. “I rushed to 43rd Street with a
sudden new interest in the job,”
he said. The Times newsroom where I
work is now a few blocks from
where my dad hustled to his date
with history on Dec. 7, 1941. But
Breaking the News
About Pearl Harbor An exhibit focuses
on the war’s effects
on New York City.
Continued on Page A18
By WENDY RUDERMAN and J. DAVID GOODMAN
The New York City police de-
tective who killed an unarmed
driver who twice cut off two po-
lice trucks on the Grand Central
Parkway in Queens early Thurs-
day has been hailed for bravery
on the job, but also named in two
lawsuits claiming police abuse. On Friday, a portrait began to
emerge of the detective, Hassan
Hamdy, 39. He was assigned to
the Tactical Apprehension Team
— responsible for catching some
of the city’s
most violent
drug and gun
suspects. Just
before the driv-
er, Noel Polan-
co, 22, was fa-
tally shot, De-
tective Hamdy
and other team
members had
executed war-
rants on two apartments in a
South Bronx building, handcuff-
ing and taking five drug suspects
into custody, the police said.
In 2001 and again in 2008, the
city settled two federal civil-
rights lawsuits — one for
$235,000; the other for $291,000 —
that named Detective Hamdy
and several other officers as de-
fendants in separate claims of po-
lice abuse. One lawsuit accused the offi-
cers of breaking down the door of
a man’s home without a warrant
and assaulting him; another
charged that officers repeatedly
harassed a business owner. “In the 2008 case, his role was
minor at best,” a Law Depart-
ment spokeswoman said Friday
night. She said it was unclear
what role Detective Hamdy had
played in the earlier case. She
said the city’s position was that
“a settlement in a police case
does not indicate wrongdoing on
the part of the officer.”
In May, Detective Hamdy, a 14-
year veteran of the Police De-
partment, helped rescue five peo-
ple trapped in a burning apart-
ment while executing a warrant
in a neighboring building in the
Rockaways. “We were in the right place at
the right time,” Detective Hamdy
said at the time. He and fellow
team members forced their way
into the apartment and felt their
way along the walls of smoke-
filled rooms before coming upon
five frightened people, age 8 to
22, in a back bedroom.
Before becoming a police offi-
cer, Mr. Hamdy served for four
years in the Marine Corps, join-
ing in 1992 and rising to the level
of sergeant in an artillery divi-
sion based out of Camp Lejeune,
in North Carolina. He performed
well there, his military records
indicate, earning medals for good
behavior and for performing his
duties above and beyond what
was required. On Friday evening, Police
Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly
met with Mr. Polanco’s mother,
Cecilia Reyes, for about 15 min-
utes at her home to express his
condolences, according to Paul J.
Browne, the Police Department’s
chief spokesman.
Outside Detective Hamdy’s
home in Centereach, on Long Is-
land, a beige-and-white ranch
with a fenced backyard and a
pool, a Suffolk County police car
sat idling by the driveway on Fri-
day.
As details about Detective
Hamdy’s life and career
emerged, Police Department offi-
cials were silent Friday about the
circumstances of the shooting.
The Queens district attorney,
Richard A. Brown, issued a state-
ment saying that his office and
the Police Department’s Internal
Affairs Bureau were investigat-
ing it. “The public can be assured
that the investigation will be full,
fair and complete,’’ Mr. Brown
said.
At 1:30 a.m. on Friday, Ms.
Reyes, standing outside Ice NYC,
a lounge in Astoria, Queens,
where Mr. Polanco worked, MICHAEL NAGLE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Rescuing people from
a burning building,
and facing lawsuits
claiming police abuse.
Continued on Page A18
Portrait of Detective in Fatal Shooting: Hero, but Subject of Suits
A memorial sprang up near the site on the Grand Central Park-
way where Noel Polanco was killed Thursday. His mother, Ce-
cilia Reyes, was surrounded by his friends after his death.
Noel Polanco
KIRSTEN LUCE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
John Cornelius Foley, his new
shoes laced, stood tall and patted
his pockets. Cellphone, wallet,
keys. All set. He pulled a ball cap
over his gray hair, turned off his
small, flat screen TV,
cut off the apart-
ment lights and
locked the door be-
hind him. A simple routine,
but for those who
know him better as the man in
the Box, it is positively shocking
to behold. In 2007, when I met him, Mr.
Foley carried a single key in his
pocket, and it opened a padlock
on a long, wooden box chained to
a street sign on Broome Street in
SoHo. At night, he opened this
box, crawled inside one narrow
end and slept there, his big feet
sticking out onto the sidewalk. It
was the latest in more than 20
years of creative living arrange-
ments on the Bowery for Mr. Fo-
ley. He had once been a very
good football player and owned
an exterminating business in
Worcester, Mass. He was a hu-
man museum piece in an exhibit
about the Bowery as a skid row. He got rid of the box in early
2008 and moved into a room in
another man’s apartment on Eliz-
abeth Street, but it was not much
of an improvement. The place
was a mess, and so was he,
bleary on the methadone and
Xanax and whatever else he took
to curb his cravings for heroin. He found his roommate dead
one day, from a heroin overdose,
and soon after was out of the
apartment. He moved into a shel-
ter in Queens. He cut his big toe.
He slept outdoors a lot on warm
nights, in Chinatown, on a table
beside a fish shop. The toe be-
came infected, and doctors cut it
off last year. His gait is a lurching
battle with gravity.
“You’d think you’d fall for-
ward, but you don’t,” he said.
“You fall backward.” He moved to another shelter, in
Brooklyn, and met a case worker
there, Dorothy Hallmon, who
managed to place him in a newly
renovated apartment building in
the Bedford Park neighborhood
in the Bronx. The building, where
he pays subsidized rent, is owned
by the Postgraduate Center for
Mental Health. He keeps his efficiency room
clean. A little cup in the bathroom
holds his new dentures when he
retires to his twin bed. After so
many years on the street, he
found he couldn’t sleep in the si-
lence of the room, so he puts on
The History Channel all night. It
has been almost two months. The apartment is more than 10
miles from the Bowery. But the
pull is strong. “There’s like a magnet,” he
said. And so he returns, almost
every day, to the scene of the
most miserable years of his life.
But it was never boring. He offers a walking tour. There
is the old Grand Hotel, a single-
room-occupancy dump where he
bought broken TVs from other
tenants. They weren’t really bro-
ken, he knew. He took them out-
side, opened the back panels, and
watched bunches of cockroaches
scurry out. Then the TVs worked,
and he sold them. A manager
caught him and kicked him out. Nearby is the curb where he
chopped coconuts in half, over a
sewer grate, to sell as drinking
vessels at the Feast of San Gen-
naro. “I had one of those saws
that can cut your leg off,” he said.
“Nothing to it.” There is the former Providence
Hotel. So hot in the summers he
slept on the roof. He wore two
pair of socks anyway, and hid his
cash in between. He did the same
thing with two pair of underwear. He was an early benefactor of
gentrification. Construction
workers let him sleep in the new
luxury buildings they were erect-
ing. Just be gone in the morning,
they told him. Police officers
looked the other way when he
slept in an alley off Houston
Street. Just be gone in the morn-
ing. He wants to show his old Bow-
ery pals his new apartment. But
they keep dying. The latest was
Slug Joe, so named for his pro-
clivity to employ his fists in an ar-
gument. “His doctor told him right to
his kisser, ‘Keep it up with the co-
caine,’” Mr. Foley said. He died a
few months ago. A man named Fish is still down
here somewhere, and Rob. “I’m
trying to help them out,” Mr. Fo-
ley said. He returns to the Bronx and
his apartment after dark, where
he’ll peel the top off a yogurt cup
and watch a game on a roach-free
television. Life is good, with just
one minor complaint. “I don’t know anybody up
here,” he said. And so he makes
himself gone in the morning, and
catches the subway downtown. MICHAEL
WILSON CRIME
SCENE E-mail: crimescene@nytimes.com Twitter: @mwilsonnyt Living on His Own, Far From the Box
John Cornelius Foley, top, lives in an efficiency apartment in
the Bronx. For years he made his home in the Bowery and in
2008, above, he slept in a plywood box on Broome Street. PHOTOGRAPHS BY RUTH FREMSON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ø
N
A17
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By ANEMONA HARTOCOLLIS
An appeals court panel on Fri-
day ruled that a hospital could re-
move life support from a termi-
nally ill Queens woman, but now
there appears to be some doubt
about what the patient, a 28-year-
old bank manager with brain can-
cer, really wants.
The decision by a four-judge
appellate court panel upheld a
lower-court ruling that the wom-
an, SungEun Grace Lee, was
mentally capable of making deci-
sions about her own care, hand-
ing a defeat to her parents, who
argued that her medicated state
had made her incompetent. Ms. Lee is paralyzed from the
neck down and is being kept alive
by a breathing machine. Doctors
at North Shore University Hospi-
tal in Manhasset, N.Y., have testi-
fied that Ms. Lee told them that
she wanted to die, and that they
were prepared to grant her wish.
Her parents, who are deeply reli-
gious,have said they viewed the
wish as suicide and wanted her
kept on life support. On Friday, a day after Ms.
Lee’s family uploaded a brief vid-
eo to YouTube that suggested she
had changed her mind, a North
Shore official said the hospital
wanted more clarity about her
thinking. “There are a number of
questions that need to be ad-
dressed by Grace Lee and her at-
torney,” Terry Lynam, the
spokesman, said. Ms. Lee’s court-appointed law-
yer, David A. Smith, also was less
definite about Ms. Lee’s wishes
than he had been.
“She was very tranquil and sat-
isfied with having her rights vin-
dicated,” he said of his client, re-
ferring to the decision by the ap-
pellate panel. But he said that her
new attitude was, “‘Now I’m go-
ing to think about it.’”
Illustrating how fraught the sit-
uation has become, Ms. Lee’s
family had a different account.
“Mr. Smith told me that Grace
showed a strong confidence she
wants to live. That’s what he
heard,” her father, the Rev. Man
Ho Lee of Antioch Missionary
Church in Flushing, Queens, said
through a translator at a news
conference outside the hospital
on Friday.
Mr. Smith said later that he
had had a “very pleasant con-
versation” with Ms. Lee’s par-
ents, but “that was not exactly
what I said to him.”
“She has decided that for to-
day, she’s not going to implement
her right” to remove life support,
Mr. Smith said. But he said that
“she’s thinking very closely in
consultation with both her par-
ents and her doctors about what
she’s going to do after today.” He
added that he and Ms. Lee were
eager to call a truce with her par-
ents and “resume her relation-
ship with them that does not in-
volve being in court.”
On Friday, Mr. Lee said he
could never accept doctors’ prog-
nosis that his daughter would
never recover. He said she has
been taking ginseng, a traditional
Korean herbal remedy.
“I’m thankful now that Grace
is getting better,” he said. “That
she’s getting more conscious and
willing to live.”
He also said that had the fam-
ily not gone to court, he believed
his daughter would already be
dead.
The appellate court’s ruling
came as a surprise. Lawyers in-
volved in the case said Thursday
that they had been told by the
court that it would temporarily
halt the hospital from removing
life support.
Mr. Lynam, the hospital
spokesman, said that after a
week of conflict between North
Shore and Ms. Lee’s parents, the
hospital was looking for a cool-
ing-off period.
But a brother of Ms. Lee, Paul
E. Lee, complained Friday that
the hospital had barred the fam-
ily from bringing cellphones into
Ms. Lee’s room. The ban oc-
curred, he said, after Mr. Lee and
a cousin shot the video of Ms. Lee
saying she wanted her father to
be her health care proxy, which
would allow him to make deci-
sions if she were incapacitated.
Mr. Lynam said that all visitors
to the palliative care unit were
being asked to state their rela-
tionship to patients and “to turn
in their cellphones, considering
the patient privacy violations
that occurred earlier this week,”
referring to reporters who had
visited Ms. Lee in her room.
“Grace has communicated to
her court-appointed lawyer that
she does not want to be inter-
viewed by any news outlets or
have footage of her distributed
online,” Mr. Lynam continued.
“Considering everything that has
happened this week, we institut-
ed these security measures to
protect her privacy.”
Jiha Ham, a reporter with The
Korea Times who visited Ms. Lee
and has been writing about her
case, said Friday that the situa-
tion highlighted differences in
Western and Korean culture.
In Korean society, he said,
young adults are much more like-
ly to live with their parents, be
supported by them and defer to
their wishes. “So like the parents’
decision of course, it’s more im-
portant than himself,” Mr. Ham
said. “Once he or she gets mar-
ried, then finally they can gain in-
dividual decision. That’s kind of
Korean culture. Of course it does-
n’t affect all 100 percent, but
that’s mostly what it is.”
MICHAEL APPLETON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
People praying outside North Shore University Hospital in
Manhasset, N.Y., where SungEun Grace Lee is on life support. Court Backs a Terminally Ill Woman, but Doubts About Her Wishes Arise
Nate Schweber contributed re-
porting. By KATE ZERNIKE
MONTCLAIR, N.J. — At the
opening of the debate between
the candidates for United States
Senate here on Thursday night,
the moderator noted that their
campaigns had slid into the famil-
iar broad themes of Republican
versus Democrat: he cares only
about the wealthy; he is a tax-
and-spender. The moderator
pressed them for specifics: What
is one thing that makes your op-
ponent less qualified than you?
The Democratic incumbent,
Senator Robert Menendez, re-
sponded that his Republican op-
ponent, State Senator Joe Kyril-
los, supported tax cuts for the
wealthy.Mr. Kyrillos blamed
Democrats in Congress for 43
straight months of unemploy-
ment above 8 percent. The two
men have clung to generic parti-
san outlines throughout the cam-
paign, with few specifics or ex-
changes to remind voters that the
race is not taking place in Any
State, U.S.A.
Mr. Menendez, running for his
second full term, is ahead in polls
and is hoping to stay there by
capitalizing on President Oba-
ma’s popularity in New Jersey. Mr. Kyrillos, a close friend of
Gov. Chris Christie, is hoping to
recreate the governor’s electoral
success in 2009. But he is running
in a state that has not elected a
Republican to the Senate since
1972. Mr. Kyrillos’s campaign has
appealed broadly to voter frus-
tration with Washington. “If you
think things are just fine, that
things are O.K. here in New Jer-
sey and across the land, well,
then you’ll choose my opponent
again,” he said at the hourlong
debate at Montclair State Uni-
versity, which was televised live. “But if you think that unem-
ployment doubling under his
watch, the deficit quadrupling,
our national debt doubling is un-
acceptable,” he added,“then
you’re going to make a change.”
(National unemployment figures
reported on Friday showed the
rate dropping below 8 percent, to
7.8.)
Echoing Mitt Romney, the Re-
publican presidential nominee,
Mr. Kyrillos added:“I believe in
America.I believe we can do bet-
ter.”
Mr. Menendez, 58, has sought
to present himself as the cham-
pion of the middle class, and to
lump his opponent with the ex-
treme wing of the Republican
Party, arguing that he cannot si-
multaneously cut the deficit and
cut taxes, as Mr. Kyrillos has pro-
posed. (Mr. Menendez borrowed
from Mr. Obama, who borrowed
from former President Bill Clin-
ton: “That arithmetic doesn’t
work.”) He accused Mr. Kyrillos of sup-
porting the “Paul Ryan budget,”
which would privatize parts of
Social Security and offer Medi-
care vouchers. Mr. Kyrillos re-
jected the association, saying,
“We’re going to have a Joe Kyril-
los budget.”
Both men speak often about
their immigrant parents, and
both have long histories in state
party politics. Mr. Menendez
comes out of the rough and tum-
ble of Hudson County, which is
overwhelmingly Democratic. He
was elected mayor of Union City
at 32, and later to the State As-
sembly, State Senate and Con-
gress, before being appointed in
2006 to his seat by Jon S. Corzine,
his predecessor, who had been
elected governor. He helped his
party narrowly hold on to its Sen-
ate majority against the Repub-
lican headwinds of 2010.
Mr. Kyrillos, 52, comes from
well-to-do Monmouth County,
which has leaned Republican and
includes well-off suburbs. He
served four years in the Assem-
bly before winning his Senate
seat in 1992, and served as chair-
man of the state’s Republican
Party from 2001 to 2004. Mr. Christie introduced Mr.
Kyrillos to the woman he would
marry.He has been a loyal sol-
dier for the governor, supporting
a property-tax cap and initiatives
to reverse the effects of a court
ruling that requires the state to
help equalize spending between
rich and poor school districts.
In a Fairleigh Dickinson Pub-
licMind poll early last month, Mr.
Menendez was ahead, 50 percent
to 36 percent, among registered
and likely voters. He had $10.2
million when the campaigns last
reported their totals in July. Mr.
Kyrillos had $3.1 million. But Mr.
Menendez faced a tough race in
2006, and is known for running as
though he were 10 points behind.
His campaign has accused Mr.
Kyrillos of changing his position
on abortion rights — he says he
supports them but marked “pro
life” on a questionnaire last year
— and wanting to overturn pop-
ular portions of the Affordable
Care Act. The campaign has
pressed for women’s votes, not-
ing that Mr. Kyrillos declined to
vote on a resolution supporting
an equal-pay act.
Mr. Kyrillos, more velveteen
and affable, does not come off as
an extremist. He said that he was
unfamiliar with the question-
naire, but that he supported pa-
rental notifications and waiting
periods for abortions — positions,
he said, most voters also support.
At the debate on Thursday, Mr.
Kyrillos declined to answer when
asked if he would support a Su-
preme Court nominee who would
most likely vote to overturn the
law barring federal recognition of
same-sex marriage. He said only
that he would give a fair hearing
to a president’s nominees.
He has struggled against low
name recognition. In an August
poll by the Eagleton Institute at
Rutgers, 24 percent of Repub-
lican voters did not know him. That poll was done before he
began running television adver-
tisements. And his campaign said
it expected Mr. Christie to partici-
pate in several events for him in
the month before Election Day.
In New Jersey Senate Race,
Sticking Close to the Script Robert Menendez, top, a
Democrat, and Joe Kyrillos, a
Republican, have offered few
specifics in their campaigns. MEL EVANS/ASSOCIATED PRESS
JAE C. HONG/ASSOCIATED PRESS
By CLYDE HABERMAN
His name was Arthur Ochs
Sulzberger, but you wouldn’t
have known it from the speakers
who paid tribute to him on Friday
for his forceful, yet genial, guid-
ance of The New York Times
through more than three decades
of turbulence and growth.
From start to finish he was
Punch, just Punch. It is how ev-
eryone knew him during his
years as chairman and chief ex-
ecutive of The New York Times
Company and publisher of its
flagship newspaper.
That boyhood nickname trav-
eled with him throughout a life
that ended last Saturday when he
died at 86 after years of illness.
And it was how he was referred
to by relatives and former col-
leagues at a remembrance that
was true to a man who prized or-
derliness and who, by all ac-
counts, had scant interest in hav-
ing people go on and on about
him. Held in an event space next to
the newspaper, and attended by
hundreds of present and former
employees, the ceremony lasted
barely 40 minutes. It even began
two minutes early — “in his hon-
or,” said Arthur Sulzberger Jr.,
his son and successor as pub-
lisher and company chairman. There was much to say about
Punch Sulzberger’s time as pub-
lisher, from his putting the news-
paper on a secure financial foot-
ing to his agreeing in 1971, despite
initial reluctance, to publish the
Pentagon Papers, a secret histo-
ry of the American descent into a
deepening Vietnam War. That de-
cision, considered his finest mo-
ment by many journalists, led to
a landmark Supreme Court rul-
ing that affirmed the primacy of a
free press over government’s de-
sire to preserve secrecy. Max Frankel, a former Times
executive editor, described Mr.
Sulzberger as having led “a
bloody revolution” with his inno-
vations at the newspaper. But
this was a circumscribed revolu-
tionary spirit. “Punch was a Marine, radical
only in his devotion to The
Times,” Mr. Frankel said. “His
revolutions were not ideological,
or even intellectual. In truth,
some were forced on him. His
contributions were born of an un-
common common sense, better
known as wisdom.”
The nickname Punch was be-
stowed on Mr. Sulzberger by his
father, Arthur Hays Sulzberger,
who saw the boy as a counter-
point to one of his older sisters,
Judith, called Judy. More than an evocation of the
newspaperman, the gathering
was a celebration of the man him-
self, one described as decisive,
gentle, modest and — an at-
tribute evoked often — funny.
His jokes came “at his own ex-
pense,” said Donald Graham,
chief executive and chairman of
The Washington Post Company.
His mother, Katharine Graham,
the publisher of The Post who
died in 2001, was a good friend of
Mr. Sulzberger. Modesty is not a
conspicuous characteristic
among publishers, Mr. Graham
said, especially among “us natu-
ral-born publishers,” inheritors of
newspapers. But Mr. Sulzberger,
he said, “remained modest after
achieving great success.”
Walter E. Mattson, a former
Times Company president, de-
scribed a boardroom of an earlier
era, dominated by men forever in
suits. He recalled rushing once to
a board meeting in shirt sleeves,
having forgotten his jacket.
“Punch looked at the consterna-
tion on my face, stood up, took off
his suit coat and hung it on the
back of his chair,” Mr. Mattson
said. “He never said a word.”
A personal reminiscence in-
volving the Pentagon Papers was
provided by one of Mr. Sulzberg-
er’s daughters, Cathy. Her father
feared that a prison cell might
well be in his future for having
published classified documents.
He cut short a trip to England to
deal with the legal fallout.
The night he returned, he
cooked dinner on a grill, but
burned everything to a crisp.
“We dined that evening on salami
sandwiches,” Ms. Sulzberger
said, “as he contemplated what
prison food might be like.”
Arthur Sulzberger Jr. opened
and closed the ceremony. Of his
father, he said: “He would prob-
ably find some joke to sidestep all
the talk about his being one of the
great journalistic figures of his
time. But he was.”
The program for the event was
a 14-page newspaper, filled with
recollections of Mr. Sulzberger
from employees and with a few
letters to the editor that he used
to write under the name “A.
Sock,” a play on Punch.
On the front page was a photo
of Mr. Sulzberger in the Times
pressroom, above an excerpt
from a speech that he gave to a
business group in 1977. “The busi-
ness of America is freedom,” he
said then. “For the journalist,
that means the freedom to get to
the root of the truth, the freedom
to criticize, the freedom to goad
and stimulate every institution in
our society, including our own.”
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Relatives and former colleagues gathered on Friday for a remembrance of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, who died last week at 86.
The Times Pays Tribute to a Publisher Called Punch
Remembering a boss, a father and a quick wit.
By MATT FLEGENHEIMER
The group behind the subway
station ads urging riders to “sup-
port Israel” and “defeat jihad”
plans to run nearly identical ads
on New York City buses, it said —
and, this time,it appears that the
Metropolitan Transportation Au-
thority will not object.
One week after amending its
advertising policy amid an up-
roar over ads placed by the
American Freedom Defense Ini-
tiative, the authority said Friday
that it would not reject the
group’s latest purchase.
Last month, the group’s ads
first appeared in 10 subway sta-
tions with the message, “In any
war between the civilized man
and the savage, support the civi-
lized man.” Then, between two
Stars of David, the ads read:
“Support Israel. Defeat Jihad.”
The authority initially rejected
the ads, citing their “demeaning”
language. The American Free-
dom Defense Initiative sued, and
in July won a federal court ruling
on First Amendment grounds.
As part of the new advertising
guidelines approved by the au-
thority last week, the demeaning-
language standard is no longer
sufficient to reject an ad. A new
provision allows an ad to be re-
jected if the authority “reason-
ably foresees” that it “would in-
cite or provoke violence or other
immediate breach of the peace.”
But Aaron Donovan, a spokes-
man for the authority, said the
provision would not be invoked in
the case, allowing the ads to run
and avoiding the chance of fur-
ther litigation.
Pamela Geller, the executive
director of the American Free-
dom Defense Initiative, said the
authority probably had little de-
sire for “another stunning and
embarrassing defeat in the
court.”
Mr. Donovan said that accord-
ing to the new guidelines, “the
original ad that sparked the law-
suit would have been accepted.”
He noted, in a nod to the new lan-
guage in the authority’s policy,
that Ms. Geller’s campaign had
not sparked violence.
Instead, it inspired vandalism
and led to the purchase of ads by
religious groups preaching toler-
ance. The authority’s new ad policy
requires that so-called viewpoint
ads include a disclaimer that the
ad does not imply the authority’s
endorsement of its views. But the
timing of this policy’s adoption
has created a temporary incon-
sistency. Because Ms. Geller’s
ads were placed before the
change, they contain no disclaim-
er, but ads from groups who
signed contracts after the pol-
icy’s enactment will.
In Ms. Geller’s latest New York
City ads, the layout and wording
are largely the same as the old,
but the phrase “Support Israel”
will at times be replaced by oth-
ers, including “Defend America,”
“Support the Hindus” and “De-
fend Nigerian Christians.”
The group tallied another legal
victory on Friday, this time in
Washington. Last month, as vio-
lent and sometimes deadly pro-
tests across much of the Muslim
world were linked to an Ameri-
can-made video mocking the
Prophet Muhammad, the Wash-
ington Metropolitan Area Transit
Authority said it had “deferred”
placing the group’s ads “out of a
concern for public safety, given
current world events.”
A federal judge said Friday
that the authority must place the
ads by Monday. A spokesman for
the authority said the agency
would comply.
Controversial Pro-Israel Ad Campaign to Expand to Buses
A18
Ø
N
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
side, where the windows were
open, the police said.
Ms. Deferrari later told the po-
lice that she had heard the offi-
cers order those inside the car to
show their hands. In an inter-
view, she said that Mr. Polanco
had no time to comply and that,
in that instant Detective Hamdy
fired the shot. Ms. Deferrari said
she believed the shooting was the
result of a case of police road
rage. No weapons were found inside
Mr. Polanco’s car, the police said.
Edward Mullins, the president
of the Sergents Benevolent Asso-
ciation, said he did not believe
that road rage played a role in the
shooting. “Do you know the level
of stress and training that’s in-
volved with this unit?” Mr. Mul-
lins said. “And for officers to lose
it over a road-rage incident? That
doesn’t make sense. These are
not rookie cops. These are expe-
rienced, veteran police officers
who are used to being under
heavy, stressful situations.”
Michael Palladino, president of
the Detectives Endowment Asso-
ciation, the union that represents
Detective Hamdy and other de-
tectives, characterized the bar-
tender’s version of events as “ab-
surd.” “No police officer would shoot
a person who has both hands on
the steering wheel,” Mr. Palladi-
no said Friday night. “We have
gone down this road before so I
ask the public to withhold their
judgment until the investigation
is complete.” On Friday afternoon, at the
sprawling LeFrak City complex,
where Mr. Polanco lived with his
mother, uniformed National
Guardsmen who served with him
stopped by to pay their condo-
lences and offer support for the
family. Many in his unit, the
1156th Engineer Company, live
nearby, a Guard spokesman said. Under a warm fall sun, a few
stopped to make brief remarks to
the reporters at the edge of the
development.
Upstairs, relatives comforted
Ms. Reyes, spoke to lawyers and
planned a Saturday morning
news conference that she would
hold with the Rev. Al Sharpton. It
was the second time this year
that the 17th-floor apartment was
filled with mourners. Over the summer, Ms. Reyes’s
husband killed himself, and
friends said it was Mr. Polanco
who found his stepfather dead in
the living room. struggled to get the words out.
She pressed the palm of her hand
to her mouth in an attempt to
mute her sobs. She used her oth-
er hand to wipe her tears. “I’m sorry,” she said. “I just
lost my son.”
Mr. Polanco’s mother said she
did not learn that her son was
dead until about 2 p.m. on Thurs-
day, nearly nine hours after the
shooting. She was at her job as a
clerical assistant at Elmhurst
Hospital Center when the police
told her, she said. “They are going to pay for
this,” she said. “This is not going
to stay like this. They are going to
get justice.”
For the relatives and friends
who encircled her, Ms. Reyes’s
grief needed no explanation. They lighted candles and
placed bouquets of flowers at the
base of a traffic light on the cor-
ner of 33rd Street and Broadway.
Photocopied images of Mr.
Polanco were taped to a metal
pole. The crowd parted and
cleared a path for Ms. Reyes.
Someone handed her a black
marker, which she held aloft and
pressed against a photo of her
son dressed in Army fatigues.
“Mom loves you,” she wrote, add-
ing balloonlike hearts as book-
ends on either side of those three
words. The events leading to the fatal
shooting began about 5:15 a.m. on
Thursday, the police said. They
said that Mr. Polanco was driving
erratically, switching lanes while
speeding, and twice cutting off
two police trucks carrying nine
officers of the Emergency Serv-
ice Unit, the parent unit of the
Tactical Apprehension Team.
The officers, members of the
apprehension team, had just exe-
cuted a warrant in the Bronx and
were headed to Brooklyn to exe-
cute another warrant, and were
traveling eastbound on the park-
way near La Guardia Airport, the
police said. Mr. Polanco had just left Ice
NYC, where he worked part time
in the hookah lounge, filling and
serving tobacco water pipes.
Though he was not working, he
had gone to the club to give a bar-
tender, Diane Deferrari, and Ms.
Deferrari’s friend, Vanessa Rod-
riguez, an off-duty police officer,
a ride home. All three lived near
one another in Corona, Queens. The two police trucks forced
Mr. Polanco to stop after one
truck went in front of his vehicle,
a Honda, while the second one
maneuvered behind it. After the car stopped, along a
median of the busy highway, two
officers approached the car, a
sergeant at the driver’s side and
the detective at the passenger
Detective Seen as Hero, But Also as a Defendant
From Page A16
New York’s police
commissioner offers a
mother condolences. Randy Leonard and Alex Vadukul
contributed reporting. ’42,” he said, gazing at photos of
1943 rallies at Madison Square
Garden. That year, he was in the
102nd Infantry Division, 9th
Army, in basic training in Texas,
where he fell in love at a U.S.O.
dance. In 1944, he shipped out from
Fort Dix, N.J., to Europe, on a
troopship so overcrowded, he
said, that “the chow line wound
through the latrines.” “Mimi wrote me every day,” he
added, naming the woman who
became his wife, and is now a
great-grandmother. At the exhibit, a sign from
Katz’s deli made us laugh: “Send
a Salami to Your Boy in the
Army.” The owner’s soldier sons
had supposedly discovered that
in a pinch, kosher salamis served
as ammunition.
There were other surprises,
like a vest designed for Signal
Corps carrier pigeons by a local
bra-maker. “Well I’ll be damned,”
said my father, who was in the
Signal Corps. We paused at a cryptography
machine, an ungainly typewriter
with dials. “I used to operate one of
those,” he said. “You’d change
the setting of the wheels every
day, so somebody with the same
machine would be able to decode
what you wrote. This could be a
German version.”
Indeed, it was a Kriegsmarine
Enigma model, to help sailors
find the real thing when they
boarded enemy U-boats, some
right off Coney Island. We admired the cyclotron, part
of the secret Manhattan Project
at Columbia University. “One of
my professors was very involved
in that,” my father remarked.
“John Dunning. Physics.” Sure enough, his teacher for a
science survey course appeared
in a photo as a scientist racing
the Nazis to build the atom bomb. Time blurred again when we
came to a huge painting of the de-
lirious joy in Times Square as
news of the Allied victory broke.
My father had missed that fa-
mous home front scene on Aug.
14, 1945, when his division was 45
miles from Berlin. But as he looked at the Times
Tower soaring above the painted
crowd, it recalled the thrill of his
very first assignment as a full-
time member of the staff at this
newspaper, writing for the tow-
er’s electronic “zipper” banner. “I ran out into Times Square to
see my stuff,” he confessed. Seven decades later, a grand-
son grinned, too. “Like Twitter,”
he said.
Oct. 5, 2012
Midday New York Numbers
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Lucky Sum — 24
New York Take 5 — 18, 24, 27,
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New York Pick 10 — 5, 19, 20,
21, 24, 28, 35, 36, 38, 44, 46, 48,
49, 52, 54, 55, 62, 63, 69, 70 Midday New Jersey Pick 3 —
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Midday New Jersey Pick 4 —
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New Jersey Pick 3 — 253
New Jersey Pick 4 —8569
New Jersey Cash 5 — 5, 7, 14,
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Mega Millions — 8, 9, 16, 32,
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Connecticut Midday 3 — 404
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Connecticut Daily — 799
Connecticut Play 4 — 2366
Connecticut Cash 5 — 6, 9, 22,
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Connecticut Classic Lotto — 7,
18, 27, 34, 35, 44
Oct. 4, 2012
New York Take 5 — 13, 18, 25,
27, 28 New York Sweet Million — 5,
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Connecticut Daily — 322
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Connecticut Cash 5 — 11, 22,
27, 31, 35 New England Lucky For Life
— 1, 14, 26, 29, 31; Lucky Ball — 20 Lottery Numbers By WINNIE HU
When Truc Thanh Tran
boarded a World Wide Travel bus
after a night at the Mohegan Sun
casino in Connecticut, she want-
ed to sit in a front row but was
sent to the back by a ticket-taker,
she recalled on Friday.
It was a seat assignment that
might have helped save her life. Ms. Tran, a Vietnamese immi-
grant who speaks little English,
said she was asleep in the back
when the bus struck a guardrail,
flipped over and plowed front-
first into a signpost that sheared
off the roof in a crash that killed
15 passengers on March 12, 2011.
“I heard people yelling and cry-
ing,” Ms. Tran, 45, said haltingly
through a translator in State Su-
preme Court in the Bronx. “I was
awake and I saw people dying.”
Ms. Tran testified during the
fourth day in the trial of the bus
driver, Ophadell Williams, who
has been charged with man-
slaughter and criminally negli-
gent homicide in the crash,on In-
terstate 95 in the Bronx. Mr. Williams’s lawyer, Patrick
L. Bruno, has sought to portray
Mr. Williams as a hard-working
man who lost control of the bus
after being cut off by a tractor-
trailer and, despite his own inju-
ries, tried to help injured pas-
sengers from the wreckage. But
prosecutors have disputed that
there was a tractor-trailer, and in-
stead countered that Mr. Wil-
liams was exhausted from lack of
rest and that he drove erratically
before the crash.
On Friday, Gary Weil, an as-
sistant district attorney, showed
a 55-minute video of the after-
math of the crash: flattened
guardrails and crushed fiberglass
bus parts, a blood-splattered met-
al pole and shoes and cellphones
strewed all over the bus. “There
was a lot of ringing from cell-
phones,” recalled George
MacLarty, a senior investigator
for the State Police, who said the
bodies had been removed before
the video was shot.
After striking the guardrail, the
bus traveled 531 feet, the last 100
on its side after it flipped over, In-
vestigator MacLarty said. The
pole sliced through three-quar-
ters of the bus, shearing off the
roof, according to prosecutors.
Afterward, Florence Wong said
outside the courtroom that she
had been looking for any sign of
her father, Don Lee, who was
killed in the crash. She thought
she might have caught a glimpse
of his shoes in the video, but was
not certain. “I can’t imagine how
scared the people were on the
bus,” she said.
Ms. Tran, who lives in Brook-
lyn, told the jury that the man
seated next to her had died in the
crash and that she was unable to
move at first and had to be lifted
out of the wreckage by rescue
workers. Since then, she testified,
she has continued to suffer from
pain in her back and right arm. “I
was so much in pain I could not
cook and I did not want to get up
and do anything,” she said.
But Mr. Bruno sought to show
in his cross-examination that Ms.
Tran’s injuries were minimal,
suggesting that she was trying to
support her claim against Mr.
Williams and the bus company in
a lawsuit. Prosecutors have said seven
passengers were seriously in-
jured in the crash, including one
man whose arms were ripped off
as he tried to shield his head, and
several others who sustained se-
vere head injuries and bone frac-
tures.
Passenger Recounts Chaos of Fatal Bus Crash in Bronx
A woman whose seat
assignment might
have saved her life.
News and
conversa-
tion from the
five boroughs:
nytimes.com/cityroom
City Room
By The Associated Press
A former manager at the Na-
tional September 11 Memorial
and Museum in Manhattan was
fired for raising health and secu-
rity concerns at one of the most
security-conscious places in the
world, he claimed in a lawsuit
filed on Friday.
The former manager, Thomas
Cancelliere, who was facilities di-
rector of the memorial, alerted
his bosses that he believed that
the water in the memorial’s sig-
nature fountains carried illness-
causing bacteria, that exit gates
were too narrow and could hin-
der an evacuation and that there
were no security checks at a pub-
lic garage directly below the off-
site room where the memorial’s
millions of visitors are screened,
the lawsuit said.
“Unfortunately,” the suit said,
“Mr. Cancelliere’s concern for the
safety of visitors was not shared
by his supervisors,” who told him
the issues were not his responsi-
bility or were being addressed,
even though they were not.
A memorial spokesman called
the claims baseless and said Mr.
Cancelliere had been fired “be-
cause of his documented failure
to live up to the performance
standards of our organization.” “His baseless claims have ab-
solutely no merit and are being
used to try and leverage a large
financial settlement,” the spokes-
man, Michael Frazier, said in a
statement.
Mr. Cancelliere, 67, was fired
last month in what he said his
bosses called cost-cutting but he
called retaliation, according to
the suit, filed State Supreme
Court in Manhattan. No one else
was fired at the time, it said.
The lawsuit seeks unspecified
damages under New York State’s
whistle-blower protection law.
Ex-Manager Sues 9/11 Memorial
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Lester Bernstein, the first person at The New York Times to report the Pearl Harbor attack, at the New-York Historical Society.
From Page A16
An Exhibit Prompts Memories
Of Reporting on Pearl Harbor
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mr. Bernstein as a G.I., and a German cryptography machine on display in “World War II & NYC.”
this race don’t have.”
Mr. Murphy, who has the sup-
port of women’s groups like
Naral and the National Organ-
ization for Women, is hammering
at traditional Democratic support
for abortion rights and access to
contraception.
He has focused on Ms. McMa-
hon’s support for the Blunt
amendment, which would have
allowed employers to refuse to
cover contraception and other
medical costs, and her commit-
the women’s vote a trump card
nationally. A Quinnipiac University poll
released on Thursday showed
her tied with Representative
Christopher S. Murphy, her Dem-
ocratic opponent, and while she
still does better among men, the
poll showed Mr. Murphy with
only a six-point advantage
among women as they seek the
Senate seat being vacated by Jo-
seph I. Lieberman, an independ-
ent.
And on the eve of their first de-
bate Sunday, one of four this
month, their entirely different ap-
proaches to courting women vot-
ers are at the heart of an election
that has become a window onto
the ways gender issues, explicitly
and implicitly, can play out.
Ms. McMahon has based her
appeal on her record as a suc-
cessful businesswoman and on a
strikingly personal attempt to
bond with women voters and, no
doubt, to overcome the negative
connotations many took last time
from the wrestling company that
created her fortune. She frequently refers to her
Women for Linda network and
has hosted gatherings of 35 or 40
women in living rooms across the
state. Last month, she drew 519
supporters at a Women for Linda
rally in Norwalk featuring former
Gov. M. Jodi Rell of Connecticut
and Senators Susan Collins of
Maine and Lisa Murkowski of
Alaska. She has run advertise-
ments featuring a softer, kinder,
more grandmotherly presence
than the tough C.E.O. whose
wrestling-industry background
turned off women in 2010. They feature her reminiscing
about how she met her husband
in church, how she found out she
was pregnant the day before
graduating from college and how
she overcame hard times, includ-
ing a bankruptcy.
“I’m a mom,” she says in one
campaign video as a piano plays
gently in the background. “I’ve
been a working mom, I’ve been a
stay-at-home mom. I’m a grand-
mother. And I believe that I bring
to the table many skills, many at-
tributes that others who are in
ment to overturning the Afford-
able Care Act. His speeches are
full of dire warnings about the
stakes for women on issues like
federal financing for Planned
Parenthood, control of the Su-
preme Court and protecting Roe
v. Wade if a McMahon victory
tips control of the Senate to the
Republicans.
Mr. Murphy frequently notes
the violent, sometimes misogy-
nistic content of her wrestling
empire and her party’s opposi-
tion to abortion.
“She says that women should-
n’t pay attention to her positions
on the issues; they should just
pay attention to her gender,” Mr.
Murphy said at an appearance
last week. “That’s insulting.” He added, “She’s trying to pull
one over on the people of this
state.”
Of course, the race has been
about more than gender. Ms. Mc-
Mahon has pummeled Mr. Mur-
phy on his failings in personal fi-
nance, including a 2007 foreclo-
sure action for missing mortgage
payments and a 2003 lawsuit for
nonpayment of rent. And Demo-
crats have jumped on a state-
ment by Ms. McMahon that she
would like to see provisions that
they say could phase out Social
Security.
But women’s issues have sel-
dom been far from the surface.
Ms. McMahon, showing an abil-
ity to withstand issues that have
hurt Republicans elsewhere, said
it was absurd for Mr. Murphy to
attack her on women’s issues.
“Murphy calls me antiwomen,
but, Chris, take a look,” she says
in a recent television ad. “I am a
woman, a pro-choice woman.” It
concludes, “I’m Linda McMahon,
an independent-minded woman,
and I approve this message.” Her Web site, like much of her
campaign material, is dominated
by pictures of her with women: in
a living room, at a luncheon
meeting, on a factory floor. It fea-
tures a female-friendly Pinterest
site. Asked during her primary race
to name a senator whom she
most admires or hopes to emu-
late, Ms. McMahon picked the
nation’s most prominent female
Democrat.
“Secretary of State Hillary
Rodham Clinton has spent her
life barreling through glass ceil-
ings, only to be viciously attacked
by her opponents,” she said in an
e-mail. “But she has persevered
and gone on to accomplish great
things and serve our country ad-
mirably. We need more strong
women in government.” To many Democrats, Ms. Mc-
Mahon’s improved showing with
women is more a product of
shrewd marketing and seemingly
limitless spending — more of her
own money than anyone has
spent to win a Senate seat — than
anything meaningful.
“This is a recrafting, a
rebranding, a digitally enhanced
makeover, but she’s the same
person,” said Victoria Fennell, a
Democratic Town Committee
member from Hartford. “When
the dust settles, it will be the is-
sues that matter, and he’s the one
with the right policies for wom-
en.” On women’s issues, as on oth-
ers, Ms. McMahon often tends to
avoid specifics. Some of her sup-
porters say her history in busi-
ness trumps social issues like
abortion or contraception.
“Social issues shouldn’t even
be part of the debate,” said
Jayme Stevenson, the first se-
lectman of Darien and a McMa-
hon supporter. “We need to cre-
ate jobs.” Still, Ms. McMahon’s ability to
attract women, particularly wom-
en in business, has been a main
reason polls show her tied in a
race for a seat that had been as-
sumed to be safely Democratic.
“She’s very genuine, and she’s
a role model for businesswomen
across the state,” said Maureen
Boylan, who owns a corporate-
events planning business. “I
think she represents the values of
working women in Connecticut.”
For Woman in Connecticut Senate Race, an Uphill Fight to Win Female Votes
CHRISTOPHER CAPOZZIELLO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES JESSICA HILL/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Dorothy Martin-Neville, left, a
Democrat from Essex, Conn.,
said she did not vote for Linda
E. McMahon, a Republican,
above, in 2010, but would this
year: “I believe we need more
women in politics.”
JESSICA HILL/ASSOCIATED PRESS
At right, Linda Fennell, a
Hartford official, at a cam-
paign event for Representa-
tive Christopher S. Murphy,
above, the Democratic candi-
date. She said he was better
on issues dear to women.
CHRISTOPHER CAPOZZIELLO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES From Page A1
McMahon, in her
second bid, strives for a softer image.
Ø
N
A19
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
more than 100 countries contrib-
uted money to the Web cam-
paign, run by the comic The Oat-
meal and another site, Indiegogo. “I think people from all over
the world will want to visit the
site of his laboratory,” he said.
“It’s going to be a tremendous
thing.”
The effort of the Tesla enthusi-
asts to acquire the Agfa property
on Long Island began officially in
1996 with the founding of Friends
of Science East, a nonprofit cor-
poration spun off from the sci-
ence museum at Shoreham-Wad-
ing River High School. The group
investigated Tesla and the site’s
history and redoubled its acquisi-
tion efforts after Agfa in early
2009 put the property up for sale.
Friends of Science East now
calls itself the Tesla Science Cen-
ter at Wardenclyffe, after Tesla’s
name for the site during its hey-
day. By 1903, the inventor had
erected a wooden tower there
that rose more than 18 stories
above the surrounding farms.
One night, it fired bolts of elec-
tricity into the sky.
But Tesla eventually sold War-
denclyffe to satisfy his debts. In
1917, the new owners had the gi-
ant tower blown up and sold for
scrap. Today, the brick laboratory
is the main Tesla relic.
By WILLIAM J. BROAD
A dream of 16 years came true
for science enthusiasts on Friday
when they struck a deal to buy a
dilapidated estate on Long Island
and transform it into a museum
and educational memorial to
Nikola Tesla, an eccentric genius
who lit the world with alternating
current but died penniless.
The overgrown 16-acre site, in
Shoreham, features his only sur-
viving workshop. The crumbling
brick laboratory was designed by
Tesla’s friend Stanford White, a
celebrated architect who drew up
plans in Manhattan for the Wash-
ington Arch as well as neoclassi-
cal gems like the Century Club.
The Agfa Corporation,which
owns the heavily wooded site and
once operated a factory there,
agreed to sell the estate to the
Tesla enthusiasts for an undis-
closed sum after they succeeded
in raising $1.4 million through a
Web campaign. The property had
been listed at $1.6 million.
“All the terms and conditions
have been accepted,” said John P.
O’Hara, a real estate agent on
Long Island who represents the
property. “It’s all good. The stars
have finally aligned.”
Agfa’s attorney, Christopher
M. Santomassimo, confirmed the
deal, saying,“We have reached
an agreement.” Tesla, best known for estab-
lishing alternating current as the
basis for the modern transmis-
sion of electrical power, died in
1943 at age 86 on the 33rd floor of
the New Yorker Hotel in Manhat-
tan. (The inventor late in life had
become obsessed with the num-
ber three and its multiples.)
Marc J. Seifer, author of “Wiz-
ard,” a Tesla biography, said the
memorial would become a mag-
net for visitors from around the
globe while providing jobs on the
island’s North Shore and a lift for
the local economy.
“It’ll be a beacon,” he said in an
interview. “Tesla was an inventor
in so many different realms —
aircraft design, robotics, beam
weapons, mass communications
— that he’s an inspiration for
what true genius really is.”
Mr. Seifer said donors from
Group Buying L.I.Estate for Tesla Memorial
MAXINE HICKS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The only surviving former workshop of the inventor Nikola Tesla sits on 16 acres in Shoreham.
A deal involving a
dilapidated site with
ties to a pioneer in
electrical power.
By JOSEPH BERGER
Late last month, Laverne Dob-
binson received a letter, ad-
dressed to her son, from a law
firm notifying him that it had
been retained by the City of New
York to collect money for dam-
ages to a police car. If the letter, which demanded
that he pay $710 within 10 days,
was pro forma, the circum-
stances surrounding how the
damage occurred were most cer-
tainly not. The police car was damaged
after a chase that ended when it
collided with Ms. Dobbinson’s
son, Tamon Robinson, denting
the front of the car and killing
him. On Friday, the law firm han-
dling the collection effort said it
had formally dropped the effort.
Paul J. Browne, a spokesman for
the Police Department, said his
agency did not send out the letter
and referred the matter to the
city’s Law Department.
“We don’t know any instance
where we send letters like that,”
he said. “I’m not sure how it
came out.”
Kate Ahlers, a spokeswoman
for the Law Department, said the
notice had been sent in error af-
ter her department received a
referral from a unit of the Police
Department. “We regret that Mr.
Robinson’s family received a col-
lection notice,” she said in a state-
ment, adding, “We recognize that
this involves a tragic case.” At a news conference on Fri-
day and in an interview after-
ward, Ms. Dobbinson, 45, a driver
for the Access-a-Ride service for
people with disabilities, said she
felt “disrespected” by the letter.
“I was humiliated that they’re
sending my son a letter for the
car that killed him,” she said, her
voice faltering with emotion.
“They killed him; let him rest in
peace.”
Her lawyer, Sanford Ruben-
stein, called the collection effort a
“disgrace” and “heartless.” “How dare the City of New
York direct their lawyers to de-
mand money and threaten col-
lection procedures for property
damage to a police car which
struck and killed Tamon Robin-
son under circumstances in
which the actions of the police of-
ficer operating the police car that
night are the subject of a criminal
investigation,” Mr. Rubenstein
said in a statement. “They have to realize this let-
ter will be received by his moth-
er, who is still grieving his wrong-
ful death,” he added. The existence of the letter was
reported on Friday by The Daily
News. Cristina Gonzalez, a lawyer for
the collection
firm, Linebarg-
er Goggan
Blair & Samp-
son, said that it
had received
the Robinson
case as one of a
number of col-
lection cases
referred by the
city and the Po-
lice Depart-
ment, but that
once it became
aware that Mr. Robinson had
died, it “ceased collection.” “We were not aware of the cir-
cumstances,” Ms. Gonzalez said.
“This type of receivable is not
something we pursue when the
alleged debtor is deceased.” Mr. Robinson, 27, a muffin shop
cashier, was killed in the early
morning hours of April 12 when
he tried to flee police officers who
had spotted himdigging up deco-
rative paving stones from the
grounds of the Bayview Houses
in Canarsie, Brooklyn, where his
mother lived. Mr. Robinson illegally dug up
cobblestones and sold them to
scrap dealers, a sideline that had
gotten him arrested numerous
times. The officers followed him for
about 100 yards in their car,
turned up a fenced-in sloping
walkway to the front door of his
mother’s apartment building,
then veered into his path. The re-
sult was a collision that left a
large dent on the driver’s side of
the car just above one of the front
tires. Police officials have labeled the
death an accident, and the initial
police report said Mr. Robinson
“did run into the side” of the po-
lice car and fell backward onto
the pavement, causing the fatal
injuries to his head. An autopsy report released in
June by the city medical examin-
er’s office found that Mr. Rob-
inson had sustained “blunt-im-
pact injuries of the head, torso
and extremities,” including “trau-
matic brain injury” and several
hemorrhages. It described the
manner of death as an “accident
(struck by police vehicle during
pursuit).” Mr. Rubenstein, raising the is-
sue of what he called a police cov-
er-up, said the “head injuries
were inconsistent with Tamon
running into a car.”
Mr. Rubenstein has filed notice
that he will file a lawsuit on be-
half of the family seeking $20 mil-
lion for what he termed a wrong-
ful death. The episode is also un-
der investigation by the Brooklyn
district attorney’s office. City Tried to Bill Dead Man for Damage
To Police Car That Struck and Killed Him
ROBERT STOLARIK FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Laverne Dobbinson described a collection letter sent to her son
for damage to the police car that killed him in Brooklyn in April.
Tamon
Robinson
A20
N
EDITORIALS/LETTERS
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
Traffic casualties in New York City;
the future of Governors Island.
nytimes.com/opinion
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS Just as New York State seemed ready to allow drill-
ing upstate to extract a rich supply of natural gas, Gov.
Andrew Cuomo announced a delay. Officials will now take
another look at the potential health risks of hydraulic frac-
turing — a technique for extracting natural gas from deep
shale formations,like the Marcellus Shale that lies be-
neath the states’s southern tier.Such caution makes
sense, especially when approval of full-scale drilling could
mean tens of thousands of gas rigs dotting the landscape
over the next 30 years.
Industry representatives and some landowners see
this latest review as,at best,a delay and,at worst,a capit-
ulation by a politically astute governor to environmental-
ists and a growing roster of celebrity opponents. Mr. Cuo-
mo insisted Tuesday that “there is no step back” from his
promise to allow drilling in selected areas of the state —
areas outside the New York City and Syracuse water-
sheds — if it can be done safely. He said another examina-
tion of potential health risks could help the state “with-
stand a legal challenge” if drilling permits are finally is-
sued.
Given the ferocity of the debate about hydraulic frac-
turing, any decision will almost certainly land in the
courts. Reviewing the growing literature on the health ef-
fects of hydraulic fracturing is a sound idea. But this new
study has to be more than a legal tactic, more than a rub-
ber-stamping of what’s already there. As the environmen-
tal commissioner,Joseph Martens,said when he an-
nounced the study last month, the public must have “trust
in the integrity” of the review. To inspire such trust, the Cuomo administration has
asked New York’s health commissioner, Nirav Shah, a re-
spected internist and researcher, to see whether the
state’s earlier environmental review does the job —
whether, that is, sufficient analysis has been done to as-
sess hydraulic fracturing’s impact on air, water and public
health. Can gas be extracted without risk to local water sup-
plies? Can the millions of gallons of chemically laced
wastewater discharged by every well be recycled or safe-
ly stored on the surface? Can methane, a potent green-
house gas, be kept from the air? Are the most fragile peo-
ple — children, the elderly, the ill — unacceptably at risk
from the industrial pollution caused by trucks and other
heavy machinery? Hydraulic fracturing has added substantially to the
country’s energy supply, and a lot of drilling appears to
have occurred without incident. But there have been
enough alarming reports of water and air pollution to jus-
tify further study. Dr. Shah is expected to ask “the most
qualified outside experts” to advise him but not to make
the final decision. This issue will stop at the governor’s
desk, and the best course for Mr. Cuomo and the rest of
New York is to take the time to do it right. A Checkup for Natural Gas
In New York , a reasonable move to review the health risks of hydraulic fracturing The takings clause of the Constitution’s Fifth Amend-
ment ensures that private property cannot be taken for
public use without fair compensation. A classic example is
the government’s exercise of eminent domain power to
build a highway; if the road cuts through private land, the
government owes the owners payment equal to fair mar-
ket value. That principle applies when the government
builds a dam,and water and silt overflow land, perma-
nently destroying or limiting its value. But for 88 years,
the position of the Supreme Court has been that “tempo-
rary invasion” of land by flooding is not a taking because
water recedes.
This week the court reconsidered that rule in a case
involving a 36-square-mile tract of land maintained by the
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission for wildlife, timber
and hunting. The tract is 115 miles down the Black River
from Missouri’s Clearwater Dam. The Army Corps of En-
gineers caused temporary flooding on that land for six
years in the 1990s with quick releases of water from the
dam in summer. It increased the height of flooding to
shorten the flooding period and give farmers upstream
more time to harvest crops. As a result, thousands of
acres of trees were destroyed or weakened.
The Arkansas commission contends that the corps
knew the releases would cause flooding and damage,
which amounted to a taking. It won a damage judgment of
$5.8 million from the United States government in a spe-
cial federal court, for lost timber and the cost of restoring
the habitat. The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal
Circuit reversed that decision, ruling 2 to 1 that the flood-
ing was not a taking. That is the right result.
The Clearwater Dam was completed in 1948 to pro-
vide flood protection below the dam, including for the Ar-
kansas land that routinely flooded before the dam’s con-
struction. It is one of almost 700 dams the Army Corps of
Engineers operates, with a range of purposes that include
supplying water and providing recreation and hydropow-
er in addition to controlling floods. Between 2000 and 2009, the agency’s flood-control
projects saved an estimated $22.3 billion a year from flood
damage. If it and other agencies that manage natural re-
sources for the government had to worry about liability
for takings for every management decision, they would
lose the flexibility they need. The Supreme Court’s long-
time rule about temporary flooding gives the government
agencies that flexibility. It does not take away the Arkan-
sas commission’s right to sue the government for a form
of trespass or on other grounds. When Flooding Is Not a Taking
The government needs flexibility to manage and protect resources
A surprising upsurge in the number of scientific pa-
pers that have had to be retracted because they were
wrong or even fraudulent has journal editors and ethicists
wringing their hands. The retracted papers are a small
fraction of the vast flood of research published each year,
but they offer a revealing glimpse of the pressures driving
many scientists to improper conduct. Last year, Nature, a leading scientific journal, calcu-
lated that published retractions had increased tenfold
over the past decade — to more than 300 a year — even
though the number of papers published rose only 44 per-
cent. It attributed half of the retractions to embarrassing
mistakes and half to “scientific misconduct” such as pla-
giarism, faked data and altered images. Now a new study, published in the Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences, has concluded that the de-
gree of misconduct was even worse than previously
thought. The authors analyzed more than 2,000 retracted
papers in the biomedical and life sciences and found that
misconduct was the reason for three-quarters of the re-
tractions for which they could determine the cause. The problem is global. Retracted papers were written
in more than 50 countries, with most of the fraud or sus-
pected fraud occurring in the United States, Germany, Ja-
pan and China. The problem may even be greater than the
new estimates suggest, the authors say, because many
journals don’t explain why an article was retracted — a
failure that calls out for uniform guidelines. There are many theories for why retractions and
fraud have increased. A benign view suggests that be-
cause journals are now published online and more acces-
sible to a wider audience, it’s easier for experts to spot er-
roneous or fraudulent papers. A darker view suggests
that publish-or-perish pressures in the race to be first with
a finding and to place it in a prestigious journal has driven
scientists to make sloppy mistakes or even falsify data.
The solutions are not obvious, but clearly greater vigi-
lance by reviewers and editors is needed. Fraud in the Scientific Literature
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “Moderate Mitt Returns!,” by Da-
vid Brooks (column, Oct. 5): To quote Jerry Seinfeld: “Really?” Mr. Brooks prefers to call Mitt Rom-
ney’s 11th-hour change “progress” rath-
er than hypocrisy. If Mr. Romney had
shown the courage of conviction to en-
dorse these newfound policies during the
Republican debating season, then I
would have applauded the display of
moderation, and the courage to stand up
to the Tea Party orthodoxy. But now? It
surely represents nothing, if not his total
lack of courage of conviction. It does prove that the only thing “au-
thentic” about Mr. Romney is his cyn-
icism about the intelligence of his audi-
ence, as he plays to the crowd and tells it
what he thinks it wants to hear.
President Obama’s poor performance
at the debate notwithstanding, can any-
one in this country — either on the left or
the right, or anywhere in between — tru-
ly believe anything Mr. Romney says
from this day forth?
And I ask Mr. Brooks: Can you believe
anything Mitt Romney says? Really?
LEONARD CIMET
East Setauket, N.Y., Oct. 5, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
David Brooks suggests to readers in
effect that they should comfortably ig-
nore as disingenuous what Mitt Romney
has been saying daily for a year and ac-
cept as genuine what he said on Wednes-
day. And though a central focus of Mr.
Romney’s campaign is reducing the def-
icit, and Mr. Brooks asserts that “yes, it’s
true. Romney’s tax numbers don’t add
up,” we should ignore that because his
debate performance was impressive. Ignore Mr. Romney’s yearlong asser-
tions that he will institute a 20 percent
across-the-board tax cut with no expla-
nation of how he will pay for it, because
now he explains that he will help offset
the cost by cutting off support of public
television (one one-hundredth of 1 per-
cent of the federal budget) while not
touching the defense budget (20 per-
cent)? I truly hope that the electorate is more
discerning than Mr. Brooks.
JOHN WILLIAMS
New York, Oct. 5, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
David Brooks’s column includes a
clear reductio ad absurdum when he
says that in the debate Mitt Romney “at
long last, began the process of offering a
more authentic version of himself.” Authentic people don’t offer “ver-
sions” of themselves.
PAUL OPPENHEIM
Yarmouth, Me., Oct. 5, 2012
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “Romney’s Sick Joke,” by Paul
Krugman (column, Oct. 5): To Mitt Rom-
ney, who has never had to worry about
health insurance coverage, it doesn’t
matter that millions would be left out in
the cold with respect to being denied
coverage for a pre-existing condition. What does matter is that we have a
candidate from the G.O.P. who will lie
and say anything to anyone at any time
to get a political contribution or a vote. On the other side we have Barack
Obama, who stood up for the millions of
uninsured families in America and took
the politically dangerous action of fight-
ing for and winning health care coverage
for all of us.
As a former chief executive in the for-
profit and nonprofit health care sectors,
I’ve seen what not having health insur-
ance coverage does to families, and it is
not anything anyone would want to face
in his lifetime. Quality affordable health care cover-
age should be the birthright of every
American, and as the greatest society
the world has ever known, it is our re-
sponsibility to ensure that right. HENRY A. LOWENSTEIN New York, Oct. 5, 2012
Romney at the Debate: A Second Look
The dog wakes me at 5:15 and we go out. The only
sound is dew falling from the maple branches. Directly
overhead, the Moon and Jupiter are traveling together, as
they will for another night or two. In the east, Venus
coasts high above the horizon. Ceilidh steps high through
the wet grass, hoping to keep her belly dry, but then
plunges her face into the pasture thatch following a scent.
It is never too early to follow a scent.
You can tell from the sky overhead that the day will
burn off bright and clear by late morning. But for now the
fog waits motionless, soaking everything. In upstate New York, the maples are nearly done
shedding their leaves. The goldenrod has gone out. The
hickories are just now preparing their histrionics, billow-
ing upward in yellow, waiting for the day when the wind
and the rain will bring their leaves down all at once. I shuf-
fle my feet in the leaves on the pasture edge, and can’t
help wondering where the light has gone when there
seemed so much of it not long ago. Perhaps Ceilidh can sense what kind of winter we’ll
be having. Not me. I caught three mice in the kitchen
traps in a single night last week, and found myself won-
dering, as I disposed of their bodies, what had made the
mice so bold. I’d like to know what the chipmunk middens
look like now and how well the red squirrels have provi-
sioned themselves. One of these mornings, I’ll hear the
sound of geese overhead, hidden by the fog. For now, I
make do with ladybugs landing silently on the kitchen
windows. Every day I look around in disbelief, remembering
how surprised I was when spring began. I’m still busy be-
ing surprised by spring. I’ll be ready for fall by February,
always behind the season and pretty certain I’ll never
catch up. VERLYN KLINKENBORG
Falling Behind the Season
THE RURAL LIFE ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER JR.,Publisher
Founded in 1851
ADOLPH S. OCHS
Publisher 1896-1935
ARTHUR HAYS SULZBERGER
Publisher 1935-1961
ORVIL E. DRYFOOS
Publisher 1961-1963
ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER
Publisher 1963-1992
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TO THE EDITOR:
“A Trans-Atlantic Trip Turns Kafka-
esque,” by Gary Shteyngart (Sunday
Review, Sept. 30), confirms what I, a
frequent traveler, have been thinking
for years. I cannot think of another American
business that acts as if it truly despises
its customers.
Look at how we are treated. Millions
of passengers are met with delayed
flights, rude workers, overpriced tick-
ets, fewer available flights, fewer seat-
ing choices, crowded and dirty planes,
security fiascos and humiliations, incor-
rect or no information regarding re-
scheduling, and nickel and diming on
everything.
This continues despite the new pas-
senger bill of rights, which is weak at
best and does not address most of these
issues.
It appears as though most airline em-
ployees would rather be working else-
where. Just look at the exasperated ex-
pressions on their faces. They, too, are
being beaten to a pulp by management.
Good luck to us all.
PHIL MEYEROWITZ
Metuchen, N.J., Sept. 30, 2012
A Frequent Sufferer’s List of Airline Grievances
BORIS PRAMATAROV
TO THE EDITOR:
Two articles in The New York Times in
recent days point to both subtle and
overt forces holding women back in our
society. In “Bias Persists for Women of
Science, a Study Finds” (Science Times,
Sept. 25), a Yale study showed how sci-
ence professors consistently undervalue
the abilities of female science students. And in “The Myth of Male Decline”
(Sunday Review, Sept. 30), Stephanie
Coontz points out how despite significant
gains, women lag behind men in both
compensation and participation in cer-
tain sectors, including the sciences and
Congress, to name just two.
Answers to the issues raised by these
two articles and many similar reports
are as complex as the social forces that
continue to prevent women’s progress.
Yet as the president of a women’s college
now celebrating 175 years of excellence, I
want to point out that our country’s long
tradition of single-sex education has
been and will continue to be an im-
portant factor in achieving parity.
Mount Holyoke’s laboratories are free
of the sort of gender bias revealed in the
Yale study. It is no accident that Mount
Holyoke and our sister institutions have
outstanding track records in producing
graduates who go on to earn Ph.D.’s in
the sciences. And the fact that every stu-
dent leadership position on our campus-
es is held by women paves the way for
our graduates to enter the world ready
to make a mark and to encourage other
women to do the same. Efforts like these,
multiplied thousands of times in any aca-
demic year, point to the continuing im-
portance of women’s colleges.
LYNN PASQUERELLA
President, Mount Holyoke College
South Hadley, Mass., Oct. 1, 2012
Women in Science, and the Value of Same-Sex Schools
TO THE EDITOR: Re “Valium’s Contribution to Our
New Normal,” by Robin Marantz Henig
(Sunday Review, Sept. 30): After serving in the Army in Vietnam
and suffering from what is now called
post-traumatic stress disorder, I found
that Librium, and then Valium, defi-
nitely saved my life. Whatever negatives there may be
about the use and overuse of Valium, it
has saved many lives and improved the
quality of millions of lives.
Its positives dramatically outweigh
its negatives, and right now, there is
really no adequate substitute for the
psychoactive drugs. MICHAEL J. GORMAN
Whitestone, Queens, Sept. 30, 2012
Valium Saved My Life
By Francisco Toro C
ARACAS
, Venezuela
A
S Hugo Chávez, the icon of Latin
America’s left, struggles to
hang on to his job, it’s tempt-
ing to read tomorrow’s close-
ly contested election in Vene-
zuela as a possible signal of the region’s
return to the right. That would be a mis-
take, because the question that’s been
roiling Latin America for a dozen years
isn’t “left or right?” but “which left?”
Outsiders have often interpreted Latin
America’s swing to the left over the last
dozen years as a movement of leaders
marching in ideological lock step. But
within the region, the fault lines have
always been clear. Radical revolutionary
regimes in Venezuela,
Ecuador, Bolivia and Nic-
aragua joined Cuba, the
granddaddy of the far left,
in a bloc determined to
confront the capitalist
world, even if that meant
increasingly authoritarian
government. A more moderate set of
leaders in Brazil, Uruguay
and Guatemala put forth an
alternative: reducing poverty
through major social reforms
without turning their backs on
democratic institutions or pri-
vate property rights.
As Fidel Castro’s favorite
son, Mr. Chávez has always
been the leader of the radical
wing. And Brazil’s size and
economic power made it
the natural leader of the
reformist wing.
Outwardly, the two
camps have been
at pains to deny
that any divi-
sions exist.
There have
been many pi-
ous words of
solidarity and
lots of regional
integration ac-
cords. But be-
hind closed
doors, each
side is often vi-
ciously dismis-
sive of the oth-
er, with Chá-
vez support-
ers seeing the
Brazilians as
weak-kneed
appeasers of
the bourgeoisie
while the Brazil-
ians sneer at Mr.
Chávez’s outdated
radicalism and
chronic incompetence.
As recently as five or
six years ago, there was a real
ideological contest. A wildly un-
popular American president prone
to military adventurism helped
Mr. Chávez rally the continent
against Washington. One country
after the next joined the radical
axis. First Bolivia,then Nicaragua,
Honduras and Ecuador,joined a
growing roll call of radicals in 2005
and 2006. Now the political landscape is al-
most entirely transformed. Barack
Obama’s 2008 victory badly under-
mined the radicals’ ability to rally
opposition to gringo imperialism.
Meanwhile,the alternative was becom-
ing increasingly attractive. Brazil’s remarkable success in reduc-
ing poverty speaks for itself.Building on
a foundation of macroeconomic stability
and stable democratic institutions, Luiz
Inácio Lula da Silva, who was Brazil’s
president from 2003 to 2010,oversaw the
most remarkable period of social mobil-
ity in Latin America’s living memory. As millions of Brazilians rose into the
middle class, Mr. Chávez’s autocratic ex-
cesses came to look unnecessary and in-
excusable to Venezuelans. Mr. da Silva
and his successor, Dilma Rousseff, have
shown that a country does not need to
stack the courts, purge the army and po-
liticize the central bank to fight pov-
erty. Brazil proves that point, quietly, day
in and day out.
It isn’t just democratic institutions that
have suffered from Mr. Chávez’s radical-
ism; it’s the economy, too. Venezuela’s
traditional dependence on oil exports has
deepened, with 96 percent of export reve-
nue now coming from the oil industry, up
from 67 percent just before Mr. Chávez
took office. Nationalized steel mills
produce a fraction of the steel they’re de-
signed for, forcing the state to import the
difference. And nationalized electric util-
ities plunge most of the country into
darkness several times a week. The con-
trast with Brazil’s high-
tech, entrepreneur-
ial, export-orient-
ed economy
couldn’t be more
stark. For all of Mr.
Chávez’s talk of
radical trans-
formation,
Venezuela’s
child mortal-
ity and adult
literacy sta-
tistics have
not im-
proved any
faster un-
der his
govern-
ment than they
did over the several
decades before he rose to
power. With oversight institutions neu-
tered, the president now runs the coun-
try as a personal fief: expropriating
businesses on a whim and deciding who
goes to jail. Judges who rule against the
government’s wishes are routinely fired,
and one has even been jailed. Chávez-
style socialism looks like the worst of
both worlds: both more authoritarian
and less effective at reducing poverty
than the Brazilian alternative.
And the region has noticed. The key
moment came in April 2011, when Ollanta
Humala won the Peruvian presidency.
Long seen as the most radical of Latin
America’s new breed of leaders, Mr.
Humala had run on a Chávez-style plat-
form in 2006 and lost. By last year, he’d
seen the way the wind was blowing and
remade himself into a Brazilian-style
moderate, won and proceeded to govern
— so far, successfully — in the Brazilian
mold.
Now, in a final indignity, Mr. Chávez is
facing a tight re-election race against
Henrique Capriles Radonski, a 40-year-
old progressive state governor who ex-
tols the virtues of the Brazilian model. Although Mr. Chávez’s government
has done its best to paint a caricature of
Mr. Capriles as an old-style right-wing
oligarch, he is unmistakably within the
Brazilian center-left mold: Mr. Capriles
pitches himself as an ambitious but prag-
matic social reformer committed to end-
ing the Chávez era’s authoritarian ex-
cesses.
The rest of Latin America has already
been through the ideological battle in
which Venezuela remains mired. By and
large, other nations have made their
choices. The real question in this
election is whether Venezuela will
join the hemispheric consensus
now, or later.
Ø
Francisco Toro is a jour-
nalist,political scien-
tist and blogger. How Hugo Chávez Became Irrelevant
Brazil, not Venezuela,is
leading the fight to end
poverty in Latin America.
JONATHAN BARTLETT Ø
N
A21
OP-ED
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
“Unbelievable job numbers,” tweeted
Jack Welch, the iconic former boss of
General Electric on Friday morning, mo-
ments after the Bureau of Labor Statis-
tics released its September jobs figures.
“These Chicago guys will do anything,”
he continued. “Can’t debate so change
numbers.”
The jobs numbers, unquestionably,
gave a boost to the Obama campaign,
still reeling from the president’s poor de-
bate performance. While the bureau’s
survey of businesses showed a ho-hum
rise of 114,000 in nonfarm employment,
the unemployment rate had somehow
dropped from 8.1 percent in August to 7.8
percent, far exceeding expectations.
Thus, a month before the election, and
for the first time in Obama’s presidency,
unemployment was under 8 percent.
Welch smelled conspiracy. And he
wasn’t alone. “Total data manipulation,”
tweeted a writer at Zerohedge, a finan-
cial news blog. “Such a farce.” Fox News
spent much of Friday morning piling on. It’s worth pointing out that the last
time anyone accused the Bureau of La-
bor Statistics of being politically motivat-
ed was when Richard Nixon did so in
1971. Upset that the bureau was releasing
figures showing higher unemployment
during his re-election campaign, he
asked his hatchet man, Charles Colson,
to investigate the bureau’s top officials,
including its chief, Julius Shiskin.
So Point No. 1: the idea that a handful
of career bureaucrats, their jobs secure
no matter who is in the White House,
would manipulate the unemployment
data to help President Obama, is ludi-
crous. Jack Welch knows it, too; when I
called him Friday afternoon, he quickly
backpedaled. “I’m not accusing anybody
of anything,” he protested. But he went
on to add that everything he’s seen sug-
gests that the economy remains in the
doldrums, and it just didn’t seem pos-
sible that the unemployment rate could
have dropped so drastically, and so
quickly. Hence, Point No. 2: there is,indeed,
something a little strange about the way
the country derives its employment sta-
tistics. It turns out that the statistics the
bureau releases each month are generat-
ed by two different reports. One, called
the establishment report, is a survey of
businesses. That’s where the 114,000 ad-
ditional jobs comes from. The second is a survey of 55,000
households, where people are asked
about their employment status. Extrapo-
lating from the survey, the bureau con-
cluded that an additional 873,000 people
had found work in September. It is that
number that brought the unemployment
rate from 8.1 percent to 7.8 percent. When I asked a bureau spokeswoman
why there was such divergence between
the two numbers, she said she had no
idea. “The reports are totally separate,”
she said. When I put the same question to econ-
omists, they shrugged. Maybe it was be-
cause an additional 582,000 Americans
were working part time, which doesn’t
show up in payroll statistics. Maybe it
was because of increased government
employment. For some unexplained rea-
son, there is always an uptick in Septem-
ber. (“Maybe it has something to do with
going back to school,” said Mark Zandi of
Moody’s Analytics, who quickly added,
“I’m just guessing here.”) In any case, it
wasn’t anything economists hadn’t seen
before. Sometimes the two surveys
delink, though over the long term they
tend to reinforce each other. In the short
term, however, the household survey is
considered the more volatile — and less
reliable —of the two numbers.
Which leads to Point No. 3:there is
something truly absurd about having the
presidential race hinge on the unemploy-
ment rate. Even putting aside the reli-
ability of the short-term numbers, the
harsh reality is that no president has
much control over the economy. That is
especially true of President Obama,
whose every effort to boost the economy
these past two years has been stymied
by Republicans. Again and again, they
have shown they would rather see the
country suffer than do anything that
might help Obama’s re-election.
There is rough justice in the way
things are playing out. Having spent the
last year wrongly blaming the president
for high unemployment, Republicans
can only stand by helplessly as the un-
employment rate goes down at the worst
possible moment for them. Fox News
scoured the data Friday, looking for
signs that the economy wasn’t improv-
ing. They found some: high unemploy-
ment for African-Americans, for in-
stance, and fewer manufacturing jobs.
But the data were largely over-
whelmed by positive signals. In its re-
vised figures for July and August, for in-
stance, the bureau said that more jobs
had been created than it originally esti-
mated. People with only high school de-
grees were finding jobs. The number of
people who had been out of work for six
months or more was at its lowest point in
three years.
Whether the Republicans like it or not,
the economy is slowing getting better.
Awful, isn’t it?
Ø
JOE NOCERA Jobs Report: Cooked Or Correct?
The latest report, a month from Election Day,created quite a stir.
Today, let’s take a look at debates that
do not involve Barack Obama and Mitt
Romney. You can thank me later. I am talking about the races for the
United States Senate, people. Attention
must be paid! And,as a reward, we can
also discuss a new campaign ad featuring
zombies.
There are 33 Senate contests this year,
although voters in some of the states
may not have noticed there’s anything
going on. In Texas, for instance, Paul
Sadler,a Democrat,has had a tough time
getting any attention in his battle against
the Tea Party fan favorite Ted Cruz. Ex-
cept, perhaps, when he called Cruz a
“troll” in their first debate.
In Utah, Scott Howell, a Democrat,has
been arguing that if the 78-year-old Sena-
tor Orrin Hatch wins, he might “die be-
fore his term is through.” Suggesting a
longtime incumbent is over the hill is a
venerable election technique, but you
really are supposed to be a little more
delicate about it.Howell also proposed
having 29 debates. The fact that Hatch
agreed to only two was, he claimed, proof
of the senator’s fading stamina.
Nobody in Massachusetts could have
missed the fact that there’s a Senate race
going on. In their last debate, Scott
Brown and Elizabeth Warren sounded
like two angry squirrels trapped in a
small closet. A high point came when the
candidates were asked to name their
ideal Supreme Court justice. “That’s a
great question!” said Brown brightly, in
what appeared to be a stall for time. He
came up with Antonin Scalia. Then, after
boos from the audience, Brown added
more names, until he had picked about
half the current court, from John Roberts
to Sonia Sotomayor.
Meanwhile, in Nebraska, the Demo-
crat Bob Kerrey began his debate re-
marks with:“First of all, let me assure
you that I’m still Bob Kerrey.” This
seemed to be a bad sign.
There are actually about only a dozen
Senate races in which there is serious
suspense about who’s going to win. To
the Republicans’ dismay, many of them
are in states that were supposed to be a
lock for the G.O.P.
Tea Party pressure produced several
terrible candidates. We have all heard
about Todd Akin in Missouri, who
claimed after a recent debate that Sena-
tor Claire McCaskill wasn’t sufficiently
“ladylike.” Since then, Akin has doubled
down on a claim that doctors frequently
perform abortions on women who aren’t
pregnant.
In others, the Republicans found awful
candidates without any help from the far
right.
Senator Bill Nelson in Florida received
the gift of Representative Connie Mack
IV as his Republican opponent, and
promptly unveiled an ad calling Mack “a
promoter for Hooters with a history of
barroom brawling, altercation and road
rage.” Mack’s fortunes seem to have
been sliding ever since. Recently, while
he was greeting voters at a Donut Hole
cafe, one elderly couple asked him to get
them a menu.
Some Democratic candidates are also
turning out to be stronger than anticipat-
ed — like Arizona’s Richard Carmona, a
Hispanic physician who served as sur-
geon general under President George W.
Bush. Carmona is a Vietnam combat vet-
eran who worked as a SWAT team leader
for the Pima County Sheriff’s Depart-
ment. “In 1992,” his campaign biography
reports, “he rappelled from a helicopter
to rescue a paramedic stranded on a
mountainside when their medevac heli-
copter crashed during a snowstorm, in-
spiring a made-for-TV movie.”
Let that be a lesson. If the Democrats
in Texas had just nominated a Hispanic
Vietnam combat veteran who saved
crash victims and inspired a TV movie,
they wouldn’t have to depend on debates
to get some attention. The race where the Democrats are get-
ting a nasty surprise is in Connecticut,
where Representative Chris Murphy is
having a tough time against the Repub-
lican Linda McMahon, the former profes-
sional wrestling mogul. McMahon has
spent a record $70 million of her own
money over the past three years trying to
convince voters that what Connecticut
really needs is a senator who knows how
to create jobs in a simulated sport awash
in violence, sexism and steroid abuse. Improbable candidates who don’t have
$70 million to blanket their state in ads
can always just cobble something really
weird together, put it up on the Web and
hope it goes viral.
Last time around,Carly Fiorina, who
was running for Senate in California, cre-
ated a sensation with “Demon Sheep,”
featuring an actor wearing a sheep mask
with glowing red eyes. Now John Dennis, the Republican op-
ponent of the House minority leader,
Nancy Pelosi,has a new California
sheep-themed conversation-starter. It
portrays Pelosi as the leader of a cult of
zombies, preparing a lamb for sacrifice.
Then Dennis breaks in, saves the lamb,
calls one of the zombies “Dude,” and de-
nounces Pelosi for supporting the indefi-
nite detention of American citizens who
are suspected of being terrorists.
Not your typical Republican. Dennis
ran against Pelosi before and got 15 per-
cent of the vote. But I feel the zombie ad
could well push him up into the 20s.
Ø
GAIL COLLINS Of Hooters, Zombies And Senators
Truly, an election year to remember.
Mitt Romney’s Big Bird swipe during
Wednesday’s debate raised some hack-
les: PBS’s, many on social media and
mine.
Romney told the debate moderator,
Jim Lehrer:
“I’m sorry, Jim.I’m going to stop the
subsidy to PBS.I’m going to stop other
things. I like PBS.I love Big Bird. I actu-
ally like you,too.But I’m not going to —
I’m not going to keep on spending
money on things to borrow money from
China to pay for it.”
Those are fighting words.
Social media, and others,exploded in
Big Bird’s defense.
PBS itself issued a tersely worded
statement on Thursday, saying: “Governor Romney does not under-
stand the value the American people
place on public broadcasting and the
outstanding return on investment the
system delivers to our nation. We think
it is important to set the record straight
and let the facts speak for themselves.”
Exactly! What they said!
Big Bird is the man. He’s 8 feet tall. He
can sing and roller skate and ride a uni-
cycle and dance. Can you do that,Mr.
Romney? I’m not talking about your fox
trot away from the facts.I’m talking
about real dancing.
Since 1969, Big Bird has been the king
of the block on “Sesame Street.” When I
was a child,he and his friends taught me
the alphabet and the colors and how to
do simple math.
Do you know how to do simple math,
Mr. Romney? Maybe you and the Count-
ess Von Backward could exchange num-
bers. Big Bird and his friends also showed
me what it meant to resolve conflicts
with kindness and accept people’s differ-
ences and look out for the less fortunate.
Do you know anything about looking out
for the less fortunate,Mr. Romney? Or
do you think they’re all grouches
scrounging around in trash cans?
I know that you told Fox News this
week that you were “completely wrong”
for making that now infamous 47 per-
cent comment, but probably only after
you realized that it was a drag on your
poll numbers. Your initial response was
to defend it as “inelegantly stated” but
essentially correct. That’s not good,sir.
Character matters. Big Bird wouldn’t
have played it that way. Do you really
believe that Pennsylvania Avenue is
that far away from Sesame Street? It
shouldn’t be.
Let me make it simple for you,Mr.
Romney.I’m down with Big Bird. You
pick on him, you answer to me.
And,for me, it’s bigger than Big Bird.
It’s almost impossible to overstate how
instrumental PBS has been in my devel-
opment and instruction.
We were poor. My mother couldn’t af-
ford day care,and I didn’t go to pre-
school. My great-uncle took care of me
all day. I could watch one hour of televi-
sion: PBS. When I was preparing for college and
took the ACT, there were harder reading
passages toward the back of the test.
Many had scientific themes — themes
we hadn’t covered at my tiny high
school in my rural town. But I could fol-
low the passages’ meanings because I
had watched innumerable nature shows
on PBS.
I never went to art or design school.
In college,I was an English major be-
fore switching to mass communications.
Still, I went on to become the design di-
rector of The New York Times and the
art director of National Geographic
magazine. That was,in part,because I had a nat-
ural gift for it (thanks mom and dad and
whatever gods there may be), but it’s
also because I spent endless hours
watching art programs on PBS. (Bob
Ross, with his awesome Afro, snow-
capped mountains and “magic white,”
will live on forever in my memory.)
I don’t really expect Mitt Romney to
understand the value of something like
PBS to people,like me, who grew up in
poor,rural areas and went to small
schools. These are places with no mu-
seums or preschools or after-school edu-
cational programs. There wasn’t money
for travel or to pay tutors. I honestly don’t know where I would
be in the world without PBS.
As PBS pointed out:
“Over the course of a year, 91 percent
of all U.S. television households tune in
to their local PBS station. In fact, our
service is watched by 81 percent of all
children between the ages of 2-8. Each
day, the American public receives an en-
during and daily return on investment
that is heard, seen, read and experi-
enced in public media broadcasts, apps,
podcasts and online — all for the cost of
about $1.35 per person per year.”
PBS is a national treasure,and Big
Bird is our golden — um, whatever kind
of bird he is.
Hands off! Ø
CHARLES M. BLOW Don’t Mess With Big Bird
When Romney attacked
PBS, he insulted a national treasure.
A22
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
B1
N
SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
S.& P. 500 1,460.93
D
0.47
Dow industrials 13,610.15
U
34.79
Nasdaq composite 3,136.19
D
13.27
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.74%
U 0.07
The euro $1.3029
D
0.0012
Personal Business
Setting Goals
Personal goals can be life-
enhancing, as long as
they’re not too elusive. 5
As its economy sags, India asks a
critic to come home and help out. 3
Planning retirement? Consider the
cost of health care. 5
The $45 billion merg-
er of the European
plane makers EADS
and BAE is stalled.
3
Steven P.Jobs could hardly
have hoped for a better legacy
than the performance since his
death of Apple, the company he
co-founded and dominated. Its
revenue, profit and
share price have hit
records. It’s the
world’s largest com-
pany by market capi-
talization.
These milestones
were reached with the steady
hand of Timothy D.Cook at Ap-
ple’s helm, but they seem insepa-
rable from Mr. Jobs. They are the
result of initiatives begun during
his tenure and,in many ways,re-
flect his personality —one that
was perfectionist, competitive,
driven and controlling. Those qualities have remained
on display at Apple in the year
since his death, most recently in
the decision to substitute Apple
mapping software for rival Goo-
gle’s in the iPhone 5 and the new
iOS 6 operating system,as well
as allegations that Apple and
book producers conspired to con-
trol the price of e-books.
Apple hasn’t fully explained its
decision to replace Google’s
maps, but it probably reflects the
evolution of the Apple-Google re-
lationship from close allies to
fierce competitors, a process that
began well before Mr. Jobs’s
death. Apple also hasn’t indicat-
ed whether it was carrying out
Mr. Jobs’s wishes, but the deci-
sion seems consistent with his
“compulsion for Apple to have
end-to-end control of every prod-
uct that it made,” as Walter
Isaacson put it in his book “Steve
Jobs.”
Apple’s use of its own mapping
technology in the iPhone appears
to be a textbook case of what’s
known as a tying arrangement,
sometimes referred to as “bun-
dling.” In a tying arrangement,
the purchase of one good or serv-
ice (in this case the iPhone) is
conditioned on the purchase or
use of a second (Apple maps).
To the degree that tying ar-
rangements extend the control of
a dominant producer, they may
violate antitrust laws. Probably
the best-known example was
Microsoft’s attempt to bundle its
Internet Explorer browser on
Windows software, to the disad-
vantage of Netscape, a rival
browser, despite complaints that
Explorer was initially an inferior
product. This was the linchpin of
the government’s 1998 antitrust
case against Microsoft. E-mails
were introduced as evidence in
which Microsoft executives indis-
creetly stated their intentions to
“smother,” “extinguish” and “cut
off Netscape’s air supply” by
bundling Explorer with Win-
The Shadow
Of Steve Jobs
In Apple’s
Maps Push
Continued on Page 2
JAMES B.
STEWART COMMON
SENSE A blunder, but one
that may skirt
antitrust laws.
By CLIFFORD KRAUSS
Drivers in Southern California
awoke Friday to find that their
gasoline prices had spiked by
nearly 20 cents a gallon over-
night as a result of fuel shortages
caused by a series of refinery dis-
ruptions in recent weeks.
Some gas stations around the
Los Angeles area were forced to
shut off their pumps because of
rationing by suppliers, and they
displayed makeshift signs ex-
plaining that the shortages were
not their fault. Drivers formed
long lines at stations that did
have gas, with some stations rais-
ing prices to more than $5 a gal-
lon for regular gasoline.
“What are they doing to us?”
said Marilyn Tucker, a FedEx
employee,as she stopped pump-
ing at a central Los Angeles gas
station at $37, well before the
tank of her sedan was full. “It’s
just ridiculous.”
Prices had been rising for sev-
eral days, making California the
most expensive state for gaso-
line. On Friday, Californians paid
an average of $4.49 a gallon for
regular — 70 cents above the na-
tional average. Nationally, gas
prices have risen less than half a
penny a gallon over the last
week,with prices now easing in
many states.
Supplies of refined petroleum
products on the West Coast are
now at their lowest levels since
2008, while national inventories
are about normal.
The immediate cause of the
California price rise was a power
failure at Exxon Mobil’s Tor-
rance, Calif.,refinery on Monday
that shut down some production
units at the 150,000-barrel-a-day
facility. The company on Friday
said the refinery had resumed
normal operations.Supplies on
the West Coast had already been
tight because of an Aug.6 fire at
Chevron’s 245,000-barrel-a-day
Richmond, Calif.,refinery, which
has still not been restored to full
production.
California typically has sub-
stantially higher gasoline prices
than most of the country because
of its tough environmental reg-
ulations and high taxes. Gasoline
supplies are traditionally tight
this time of year as refiners do
maintenance work to switch from
summer to fall gasoline blends
mandated by the California pollu-
tion-reduction regulations. But
this year, energy experts say, the
local gasoline market is partic-
ularly chaotic because of the re-
finery shutdowns.
Refining experts said the ra-
tioning and exceedingly high
prices would probably last a cou-
ple of weeks at the most.Tom California
Struggles
With High
Gas Prices
Continued on Page 4
Refinery disruptions
create a shortage, and
drivers scramble.
averaged 164,000 each month
earlier this year. These numbers are always
tremendously volatile, but the
reasons are statistical, not polit-
ical. The numbers come from a
tiny survey with a margin of er-
ror of 400,000. Every month
there are wild swings, and no
one takes them at face value.
The swings usually attract less
attention, though, because the
political stakes are usually low-
er.
The numbers, by the way, are
especially imprecise (and prone
to revision) when the economy
is making a turn, or when reg-
ular seasonal patterns start to By CATHERINE RAMPELL
The unemployment rate fell
to 7.8 percent in September, its
lowest level since President
Obama took office. With just a
month to go before the election,
the news seemed too good to be
true, at least for some Mitt
Romney supporters.
Almost immediately some
conservative pundits began ac-
cusing the Labor Department,
which released the jobs num-
bers on Friday, of cooking the
books. After all, the household
survey — the survey that the
unemployment rate comes from
— showed that the number of
people with jobs rose 873,000 in
September, though the gain had
Taming Volatile Raw Data for Jobs Reports
JOE RAEDLE/GETTY IMAGES
Lamar Smith with a job recruiter, Esther Rush, in Florida.
Continued on Page 6
By ANDREW MARTIN
Andrea Jung, who resigned as
chief executive of Avon Products
late last year, announced on Friday
that she would step down as exec-
utive chairwoman at the end of the
year, further cutting her ties with a
beauty products company for
which she long served as its glam-
orous public face.
Ms. Jung’s announcement was
somewhat of a surprise because
she was working under a two-year
contract. She will become a senior
adviser after she steps down.
The news pleased several ana-
lysts who said Ms. Jung’s dimin-
ished role should make it easier for
her successor as chief executive,
Sherilyn S. McCoy, to execute a
much-needed turnaround strategy.
“It’s just one more way that the
new management group is trying
to close the book on the most re-
cent troubled chapter the company
has been living through in the last
couple of years,” said Erin Lash, an
analyst at Morningstar.
Investors were buoyed by the
announcement,too. Shares of
Avon climbed 7.21 percent on Fri-
day, closing at $17.39.
In a statement, Ms. Jung, who is
54, said her decision to step down
“reflects the successful transition
to new leadership.” “It has been a great privilege to
serve the company over the past
two decades, most notably the mil-
lions of Avon representatives and
thousands of associates around the
world,” she said.
The new chairman will be Fred
Hassan, who is an independent di-
rector. Mr. Hassan is a managing Avon Chairwoman to Quit
Earlier Than Was Expected
Continued on Page 2
With each passing election sea-
son, the conversations about the
cost of government-provided
health care and Social Security
get more urgent.
But debates about the
deserving and the unde-
serving and the proper
level of budgets and tax-
es tend to gloss over the
issue of disabled people
— many of whom must
hope that the programs they rely
on are not cut,because they have
no way to make up the difference.
There were 5.5 million noneld-
erly adults with disabilities
whose health care was covered
by Medicaid in 2009, according to
a Henry J. Kaiser Family Foun-
dation estimate using the most
recent numbers available. And an
estimated 6.9 million nonelderly
disabled people receive Social Se-
curity payments under the Sup-
plemental Security Income pro-
gram, according to federal gov-
ernment figures.
For every one of those people,
many of whom draw from multi-
ple sources of government aid,
there are often several family
members helping to sort out the
financial details of that relative’s
care. They navigate a confound-
ing thicket of tasks and rules. On
one side, there is the bureaucracy
that government program ad-
ministrators may erect at any
moment. On the other, there are
specialized trust accounts and es-
tate planning issues to consider.
Even sophisticated investors and
ace budgeters find themselves
lost when encountering all of this
for the first time.
There are few well-marked
road maps for these people, as
there are for those trying to in-
vest their 401(k) money or re-
finance a mortgage. But there are
a growing number of financial ad-
visers and other professionals Assuring Care of a Family Member With Special Needs
ROBERT NEUBECKER
Continued on Page 4
RON
LIEBER YOUR
MONEY By STEPHANIE STROM
ELDRIDGE, Iowa — Sow 44733 had broken the shoul-
der of one of her pen mates, rousted another who was hud-
dled in the corner and was chewing on the ear of a third.
Other sows in the pen sported abrasions, torn ears and
bloody tail stumps — all souvenirs of her attentions.
It was that kind of behavior that led hog farmers like
Tom Dittmer to isolate sows in individual stalls called gesta-
tion crates that are barely bigger than the pigs themselves.
“The reason the industry switched to crates wasn’t be-
cause we wanted to harm our animals,” Mr. Dittmer said.
“We did it because we thought it was what was best for the
animals.” The move also kept the price of pork reasonably
low for consumers, he said.
This year, however, Mr. Dittmer and fellow hog farmers
are under increasing pressure from corporate pork buyers
and animal rights groups to return to the old way of doing
things: putting sows in group housing. In the last week of
September alone, three companies — Dunkin’ Donuts,
ConAgra Foods and Brinker International, which operates
Chili’s — announced that over the next decade, they would
no longer buy pork derived from pigs housed in gestation
crates. This week, the Bruegger’s bagel chain joined them.
That brought the number of fast-food companies and food
retailers that have made such commitments this year to 32
— a stunning victory for the Humane Society of the United
States,which has worked for years to persuade pork pro-
ducers to make the change. The National Pork Producers
Council said it did not know how much pork these compa-
nies bought but estimated it might be about one-fifth of the
pork produced.
Farmers like Mr. Dittmer resent the tactics, saying A Feud Over the Size of the Sty
PHOTOGRAPHS BY STEPHEN MALLY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Tom Dittmer, belowright, said he initially moved sows from housing pens to gestation crates, top, to ensure their safety. Pig Farmers Pressured to Give
Their Sows More Space
Continued on Page 2
B2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Following are the most popular business news articles on
NYTimes.com from Sept. 28 through Oct. 4: 1. The Media Equation: Challenging the Claims of Media Bias
2. Fender Aims to Stay Plugged In Amid Changing Music Trends
3. Payroll Tax Cut Unlikely to Survive Into Next Year 4. American Express Agrees to Refund $85 Million 5. Microsoft Sends Engineers to Schools to Encourage the Next
Generation 6. Apple Apologizes for Misstep on Maps 7. Meg Whitman’s Toughest Campaign: Retooling Hewlett-Packard
8. Bank of America Settles Suit Over Merrill for $2.43 Billion
9. T.S.A. Is Finding More Guns at Airport Security Checkpoints
10. Cyberattacks on 6 American Banks Frustrate Customers
And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. Tim Cook Apologizes for Apple’s Maps (Bits) 2. As It Followed a Car Chase, Fox News Showed a Suicide (Media
Decoder)
3. What Makes Google’s Maps So Good (Pogue’s Posts)
4. H.P. Shares Fall as Chief Sees Trouble (Bits)
5. As Apple’s Maps Stumbles, AOL’s MapQuest Flourishes (Bits) ONLINE:MOST POPULAR LEGAL Lehman Units Settle $38 Billion in Asset Claims Two units of the former Lehman Brothers Holdings company said they
had settled litigation over $38 billion in asset claims by customers. The
claims were settled by the United States brokerage unit and a European
unit, Lehman Brothers International Europe, in what James Giddens,
the trustee liquidating the brokerage unit, said was a “critical mile-
stone” that would allow customers to recover 100 percent of their prop-
erty sooner than if claims were litigated. The announcement comes four
years after Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy and is subject to
court approval on both continents. (REUTERS)
ENERGY
Solar Panel Company Plans a Stock Offering
A solar panel installer, SolarCity, filed with regulators to raise up to $201
million in an initial public offering that could help rekindle investor ap-
petite for clean tech stocks. Shares of solar panel manufacturers have
performed poorly in the last two years as falling panel prices erased
profits. But those lower prices have spurred demand for solar systems
in the United States, helping companies like SolarCity. SolarCity was
founded in 2006 by brothers Lyndon and Peter Rive along with their
cousin, Elon Musk, a co-founder of PayPal and chief executive of Tesla
Motors. In a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, So-
larCity said it had more than 31,600 solar system customers as of June
30, compared with 5,775 on Dec. 31, 2009. The company’s total revenue
was $46.6 million in the three months ended June 30, compared with $13
million a year earlier. (REUTERS)
MARKETS
Erroneous Orders Lead to Trading Halt in India A flurry of erroneous orders placed by an Indian broker sent the coun-
try’s top stock market tumbling briefly on Friday. Trading on the Na-
tional Stock Exchange was halted briefly after the 59 trades worth more
than $125 million were placed, setting off a sudden drop of more than
900 points on the Nifty index, the exchange said. It said the orders, for
an institutional client, were sent from a single dealer terminal at Emkay
Global Financial Services. Traders said the exchange’s trading systems
appeared to have held up well, and the index ended the session down
just 0.7 percent. (REUTERS)
BUSINESS BRIEFING director and partner at Warburg
Pincus, the private-equity firm.
Ms. Jung’s announcement
comes after years of turmoil at
the company, which is known for
its door-to-door sales force, once
known as “Avon ladies.” Ms. Jung,who was named
chief executive in 1999, was cred-
ited with injecting energy into a
tired brand and pushing Avon
into new and potentially lucrative
markets overseas, including Chi-
na and Russia.
But sales slowed in 2005, and
several turnaround efforts by Ms.
Jung failed to take hold. In addi-
tion, Avon became the subject of
a Securities and Exchange Com-
mission investigation into poten-
tial bribery of foreign officials,
which is continuing.
As of the last fiscal year, Avon’s
profits had declined every year
since 2008.
But Ms. Jung remained pop-
ular with the sales force, and her
continuing role with the company
was in part to ensure its contin-
ued loyalty, analysts said. Ms. McCoy was hired after a
long stint at Johnson & Johnson,
where she oversaw an overhaul
of its pharmaceutical division.
Her task at Avon, whose prod-
ucts include Anew cosmetics and
Skin So Soft lotion, may be even
more challenging.
So far, analysts credit Ms. Mc-
Coy for being blunt about the ex-
tent of Avon’s problems, for fo-
cusing on accountability and for
taking her time in devising a
strategy for going forward.
“I’ve been encouraged by the
tone they have been taking,” said
Ms. Lash, of Morningstar, refer-
ring to Ms. McCoy and her chief
financial officer, Kimberly A.
Ross. “They definitely got the
point across that they were un-
happy with the firm’s results.”
Connie Maneaty, an analyst at
BMO Capital Markets, said she
was impressed by some of the
changes that had already hap-
pened at Avon. For instance, she
said the company had hired a
general counsel, Jeff Benjamin,
with 40 years of experience, and
a new head of human resources,
Scott Crum, to streamline the
company’s myriad compensation
plans.
“When you have too many
plans, the organization isn’t
working toward a common goal,”
she said. Avon is trying to settle the
bribery case, which Ms. Maneaty
said was a positive step forward.
“I like the quality of what I see
happening,” Ms. Maneaty said.
As for Ms. McCoy’s turnaround
strategy, Ms. Maneaty said, “I
think it’s really smart of her to
not come out with her plan until
she knows the depth of her prob-
lems and how to fix them.”
“As much as the street wants
instantaneous analysis, these
things take time,” she said. Through a spokeswoman, Ms.
McCoy declined to comment.
In Avon’s most recent quarter-
ly earnings call in August, how-
ever, she was blunt in assessing
the challenges ahead of her but
suggested that the answer could
be fairly basic. Avon’s products
and pricing were “off target.”
Technology and service “did not
keep pace.” Senior managers
were moved so often they could-
n’t gain traction.
“Avon doesn’t need yet another
new strategy,” she said. “We
need to focus on the core of
Avon’s business: representa-
tives, consumers and our people.”
“The challenge we’re facing
didn’t materialize overnight,” Ms.
McCoy concluded. “They devel-
oped over years, and our solu-
tions will take time as well.”
Avon Chairwoman to Quit
Earlier Than Was Expected
DIMITRIOS KAMBOURIS/GETTY IMAGES
Andrea Jung, who joined
Avon in 1994, was working
under a two-year contract.
From First Business Page
dows.
Among other findings, the
judge ruled that Microsoft had
engaged in an illegal tying ar-
rangement. The outcome of the
case kept the door open to com-
petition in the browser market.
Today,the once-dominant Inter-
net Explorer faces stiff competi-
tion from rivals like Mozilla Fire-
fox and Google Chrome.Micro-
soft’s settlement came too late for
Netscape’s browser, which was
no longer being developed or
supported after 2007. But Firefox
traces its lineage to Netscape’s
source code.
Could Apple’s map suffer a
similar fate?
Early users searched for loca-
tions and got nonsensical results.
Mad magazine ran a parody of
the famous Saul Steinberg New
Yorker cover of the world seen
from Ninth Avenue “now using
Apple Maps,” in which the Hud-
son was the Sea of Galilee and
other landmarks were ludicrous-
ly misidentified. Mr. Cook swiftly tried to con-
tain the damage. “Everything we
do at Apple is aimed at making
our products the best in the
world. We know that you expect
that from us, and we will keep
working nonstop until Maps lives
up to the same incredibly high
standard,” he said a week ago. Would Mr. Jobs have been so
quick to apologize? Perhaps not.
He was famously resistant to the
idea after complaints about the
iPhone 4’s antenna, and the Ap-
ple “genius” manual instructs
employees never to apologize for
the quality of Apple technology. Bundling its maps with the
iPhone 5 may yet prove to be a
strategic blunder for Apple, but it
may nonetheless skirt the bound-
aries of the antitrust laws that
tripped up Microsoft. “There’s no
antitrust theory under which ver-
tically integrating into an inferior
component is considered anti-
competitive,” Herbert Hoven-
kamp,an antitrust professor at
the University of Iowa College of
Law, told me. That’s because the
problem is considered self-cor-
recting by market forces. “There
have been lots of complaints
about tying arrangements involv-
ing inferior products. But ordi-
narily, incorporating an inferior
product doesn’t increase your
market share, because consum-
ers leave for a better product. It’s
not a promising strategy,” Profes-
sor Hovenkamp said. The danger
for Apple is that customers will
choose an Android phone with a
superior Google Maps applica-
tion rather than an iPhone.
An exception is when a monop-
olist does it, which is what hap-
pened with Microsoft. If a con-
sumer used Microsoft Windows,
the dominant software, Explorer
was installed by default.“This
arose with Microsoft because
back then Explorer was consid-
ered inferior and quirky,” Profes-
sor Hovenkamp said. “But that
wasn’t why it was a violation. It’s
because consumers had no
choice.” By contrast, Apple’s iOS
isn’t the dominant smartphone
operating system. Apple’s soft-
ware has captured 17 percent of
the global smartphone market,
compared with 68 percent for
Google’s Android. Apple users
who want Google maps can read-
ily switch to an Android phone.
“Most tying arrangement cases
have involved firms with close to
100 percent market shares,” Pro-
fessor Hovenkamp noted.
The real test will be whether
Apple makes rival mapping apps
readily available for downloading
on its iPhones. In his apology, Mr.
Cook suggested that iPhone us-
ers try alternatives, and even
suggested using Google maps by
going to Google’s Web site. Goo-
gle said it was working on a map
application for the iPhone. From an antitrust perspective,
the e-books controversy is more
serious. United States antitrust
authorities have accused Apple
of conspiring with major book
publishers to raise e-book prices,
and Apple offered to settle a Eu-
ropean investigation into the
same practices. The Justice De-
partment cited a passage in Mr.
Isaacson’s book in which Mr.
Jobs called the strategy an “aiki-
do move,” referring to the Japa-
nese martial art, and said, “We’ll
go to the agency model, where
you set the price, and we get our
30 percent, and yes, the customer
pays a little more, but that’s what
you want anyway.”
The charges describe a classic
price-fixing arrangement, “which
is presumptively illegal,” Profes-
sor Hovenkamp said. “Every-
body wants market dominance,
not just Apple. But it’s how you
go about it. You can’t go out and
fix prices.” Apple has denied the
charges,and a trial has been set
for next year.
Mr. Cook’s challenge has al-
ways been to guide Apple out of
the shadow of its visionary and
charismatic founder. Can he en-
courage Mr. Jobs’s competitive
zeal and drive for perfection
while distancing Apple from Mr.
Jobs’s potentially damaging —
even unlawful —need to domi-
nate and control? “Historically,
Apple hasn’t been very sensitive
to antitrust issues,” Professor
Hovenkamp said. There’s no quarreling with Ap-
ple’s extraordinary success, and
Mr. Jobs’s obsession with con-
trolling all aspects of Apple’s
products clearly paid off for its
customers and shareholders. It
proved to be the right strategy
for the time. But competition in
smartphones and Apple’s other
efforts has intensified in the year
since Mr. Jobs died, and Apple
may not be able to continue blind-
ly down that path. With his swift
apology for the imperfections of
Apple’s maps, Mr. Cook seems to
have taken a step in the right di-
rection. If he also settles the
e-books case and makes Google’s
and other map applications read-
ily available to iPhone users, he’d
be signaling a clear break from
the past and encouraging Apple
to embrace, rather than stifle,
competition.
Apple’s Maps and the Shadow of Steve Jobs
From First Business Page
ERIC RISBERG/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Timothy D. Cook, who succeeded Steven P. Jobs as Apple’s
chief,introducing the iPhone 5 last month in San Francisco.
they worry that the move will be
unsustainably costly for them
and result in soaring pork prices
for consumers.
“What I don’t like is some big
restaurant chain in Chicago that
knows nothing about raising ani-
mals is telling us how to raise
pigs,” said Glen Keppy,a retired
pig farmer whose sons finish
raising Mr. Dittmer’s pigs for
market, referring to McDonald’s,
which promised in February to
stop buying pork from pigs born
in gestation crates. “Would they
tell Microsoft how to make com-
puters?”
Research is mixed about which
type of housing is best for the ani-
mals’ welfare, according to a re-
view done by a task force con-
vened by the American Veteri-
nary Medical Association. But
the Humane Society and other
animal advocates maintain that
housing sows in gestation crates
is cruel. Earlier efforts to convert the
pork industry have had mixed
success. Cargill,the nation’s
third-largest pork processor,
owns about one-quarter of the
sows that produce pigs for the
company and began putting them
in larger group pens about a dec-
ade ago. Smithfield Foods recom-
mitted to transitioning to pens
last year, after first promising it
would do so in 2007 and then
changing its mind. Tyson Foods
and JBS,the two other large pro-
cessors, have refused to budge.
So the Humane Society —
armed with graphic videos of
workers abusing dead piglets and
of sows in gestation crates so
small they cannot turn around,
suffering from shoulder lesions
and nervous disorders — took its
case to the big consumer brands.
It accomplished in months what
it had been unable to achieve in
years of prodding the major pro-
cessors.
But now some of the independ-
ent farmers who supply those
processors are fighting back. Pat Hord and his family have
put windows in some of their
barns in north central Ohio to let
visitors see for themselves how
their 18,000 sows fare. “There is a lot of misunder-
standing and misinformation
about what we do and how pigs
get bred in crates,” Mr. Hord said.
“It’s not anyone’s fault. It’s just
that no one is on the farm any-
more.”
Mr. Dittmer recently invited a
reporter for a tour of Grandview
Farm,which was founded by his
great-grandfather in 1917 and is
now home to 6,000 sows that he
often calls “my girls.” “I’m nervous about this, I have
to say,” Mr. Dittmer said as he be-
gan the tour. “I’m afraid of be-
coming a target for the animal
rights people. But if I’m going to
hand this on to the next genera-
tion, which is the plan, I feel like
people need to understand why
we do things this way.” When Mr. Dittmer began farm-
ing with his father in the 1970s, he
said, their 150 sows lived in pas-
tures like most pigs at the time,
taking shelter under individual
huts in the glaring heat of sum-
mer and wintering in barns. He remembers chasing the
huts around when the wind blew,
refereeing fights between 500-
pound sows who had laid claim to
the same hut and trying to extri-
cate them from the deep mud
wallows. Back then, the Dittmer
sows yielded an average of eight
pigs a pregnancy.
The next decade, the Dittmers
moved their sows inside, and the
yields increased. The herd had
grown to around 400 sows, and
pigs were being bred with less fat
as Americans turned to plant-
based oils rather than lard from
hogs. Leaner pigs had a harder
time weathering Iowa’s cold win-
ters, and farmers needed to mon-
itor their food intake more close-
ly.
In the mid-1990s, farmers like
the Dittmers and the Hords
moved the sows into gestation
crates, where their feed could be
individually tailored. Restricting
their movement controlled where
they defecated and kept feces out
of their food and water. Using
slatted floors improved sanita-
tion and made manure easier to
remove. Medical care could be
more easily and safely adminis-
tered. Aggressiveness was mini-
mized. Worker safety was en-
hanced.
And, yes, costs were reduced,
and yields increased — to an av-
erage of 12 pigs a pregnancy for
the Dittmer sows. “No one likes
to hear it, but this is a business,”
said Ben Dittmer, Mr. Dittmer’s
son.
Using research on sow housing
by Iowa State University,he esti-
mated that Grandview Farm’s
costs would rise by $1.3 million a
year if the Dittmers moved their
sows back into pens. The same
research indicates that sows
would produce one to two fewer
piglets a year, similar to the expe-
rience in Europe, which is well
ahead of the United States in
shifting sows to pens.
So for now, the family has de-
cided to keep most of its sows in
gestation crates, despite the
pressure from animal rights
groups. The Dittmers say that
none of the 500 piglets that are
born at Grandview Farm each
day are confined to crates — they
roam in pens and can freely leave
and enter the crate holding their
mother to nurse. In fact,accord-
ing to Cargill, the majority of
pork Americans eat does not
come from pigs raised in crates. Mr. Hord, whose family has
made investments in group hous-
ing for about 40 percent of their
sows, said he sometimes won-
dered whether it would pay off.
The new barns with pens were
more expensive to build, and op-
erational costs are higher be-
cause more manpower is needed
to manage sow relations. Health
care for the animals is more ex-
pensive, and no feeding system is
yet ideal.
So far, the Hords are absorbing
the extra costs. “At some point,
we will have to charge a pre-
mium,” Mr. Hord said. “Other-
wise, we and others like us will
eventually go out of business.” American farmers say what
happened to pork production in
Europe could be a cautionary tale
for consumers in the United
States. In 1991, the British gov-
ernment ordered pig farmers to
move their sows into pens by
1999. Consumers, unwilling to pay
the higher prices that resulted,
bought cheaper Danish and
Dutch imports, bankrupting local
farmers. Now Denmark, the Nether-
lands and other pig-producing
countries in the European Union
must have their sows in pens by
next year. Latin American, Chi-
nese and Russian pig breeders,
who do not face the same re-
quirements, stand ready to sell
their cheaper pork on the Euro-
pean market.
Not all American farmers
share the same views as Mr.
Dittmer and Mr. Hord. Paul Willis
oversees a network of some 500
farmers around the country who
raise the pigs that ultimately be-
come Niman Ranch pork. The
sows that give birth to those pigs
roam in pastures, much like the
Dittmer family’s pigs did a few
decades ago.
Mr. Willis said that gestation
crates were inhumane. “Those
sows can’t even turn around and
they have no bedding, nothing to
root around in,” he said. “I don’t
think it’s acceptable.”
Whether the average Ameri-
can consumer is willing to pay
more for pork from freer pigs re-
mains to be seen. Sales of Car-
gill’s Good Nature line of pre-
mium crate-free pork were up 20
percent last year — but the com-
pany primarily promotes the
meat’s lack of antibiotics, growth
hormones and preservatives. One pound of Good Nature cen-
ter cut boneless pork chops was
$4.19 on the Web site of the Shop-
Rite in Hoboken, N.J., compared
with $3.29 for a pound of the same
cut of the store’s Sterling Silver
chops. Glynn Tonsor,an associate pro-
fessor of agricultural economics
at Kansas State University,said
that household economics often
trumped ethics.
Voters have overwhelmingly
supported ballot measures to
prohibit keeping chickens in
cages, for example, but sales of
cage-free eggs, which cost about
50 percent more than regular
eggs, account for less than 5 per-
cent of the overall market, Pro-
fessor Tonsor said.
“There is no obvious economic
reason for farmers to voluntarily
switch from gestation crates to
pens,” he said. “Now, though, it
looks like that ship has sailed.”
Buyers Pressure Farmers to Give a Sow a Bigger Sty
STEPHEN MALLY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Sows, headed for slaughter, bear the scars from attacks by other sows, a result of sharing a pen.
Farmers call crates
better for both pig
and consumer.
From First Business Page
N
B3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
By NICOLA CLARK
PARIS — Britain, France and
Germany failed on Friday to
reach an agreement on the pro-
posed $45 billion merger of the
European aerospace groups
EADS and BAE Systems, people
close to the negotiations said.
But the three governments are
expected to continue talking in
the coming days, with an eye to
resolving how to preserve their
interests in the companies, as
well as the balance of jobs and in-
dustrial expertise in their respec-
tive countries, if the merger plan
proceeds.
A German government spokes-
man declined to comment late
Friday on German media reports
that the negotiations were on the
verge of collapse. But British and
French officials, speaking on con-
dition of anonymity, dismissed
the reports as speculation.
The companies said the talks
had stalled but denied that the
merger plan was dead. “In no
way have we been told that the
deal is off,” EADS, the European
Aeronautic Defense and Space
Company, said in a statement.
Talks among the three coun-
tries intensified this week ahead
of a Wednesday deadline im-
posed by British market regula-
tors for the two companies to an-
nounce a final agreement or seek
an extension to continue negotia-
tions. But the governments re-
main divided over the best way to
balance state interests in the
merged company, either through
direct ownership of shares or
through the granting of special
voting rights to the governments,
said the people close to the nego-
tiations, who spoke on condition
of anonymity because the talks
were continuing.
France is standing firm on its
insistence that it retain a direct
stake in the merged group of no
more than 9 percent,reflecting
the value of its existing 15 per-
cent stake in EADS, these people
said.
Germany, which holds no
shares in EADS, has proposed ac-
quiring a 9 percent stake to bal-
ance the French holding. Cur-
rently, German interests in
EADS are represented by the
automaker Daimler and a consor-
tium of private and public banks.
Britain, which owns no shares
in BAE but can veto any merger,
has accepted that the French
cannot be forced to sell their
stake. But London is worried that
a German investment would put
too much of the company in gov-
ernment hands and limit its abil-
ity to secure contracts in the
United States, the world’s largest
military equipment market.
“The critical issue is what the
government ownership will be,” a
person with direct knowledge of
the talks said. “The only reason
not to do a deal would be around
government ownership.”
The deal proposed by EADS
and BAE offers Britain, France
and Germany each a so-called
golden share,with a veto over
hostile takeovers or deals involv-
ing sensitive national security as-
sets. But Thomas O. Enders, chief
executive of EADS, and his coun-
terpart at BAE, Ian King, have
stressed that ownership of ordi-
nary shares would not grant the
governments any additional in-
fluence in the management of a
merged company.
Trouble in Talks to Merge
EADS and BAE Systems
Britain, France and
Germany are divided
on a $45 billion deal.
Melissa Eddy contributed report-
ing from Berlin, and Mark Scott
from London. By FLOYD NORRIS
C
ASH is trash. Junk is gold.
Or so investors seem
to think.
About $79 billion in
sub-investment-grade corporate
bonds were issued in the quarter
that just ended, Dealogic report-
ed this week. That was the larg-
est amount issued in any quarter
since the firm began collecting
the numbers in the mid-1990s.
That came as the Federal Re-
serve embarked on its latest ef-
fort to keep rates — both short
and long term — as low as possi-
ble in an effort to stimulate the
economy.
“Investors are starved for
yields,” said Martin Fridson,the
chief executive of FridsonVision,
a research firm. “Some people
say the Fed is pushing people
into more risky investments.”
Sub-investment-grade bonds
are traditionally known as junk
bonds to their detractors and as
high-yield bonds to their buyers.
Neither term may be that accu-
rate these days. The bonds have
been excellent investments over
the last year, but as prices have
risen,the yields have fallen to
record lows.
One widely followed index of
the bonds, the Bank of America
Merrill Lynch High Yield Master
Index II, ended September with
an average effective yield of 6.6
percent. That is the lowest yield
in its history, as can be seen in
the accompanying charts.
Of course, 6.6 percent does not
look that bad today when con-
trasted with rates on high-quality
bonds. Ten-year Treasuries offer
yields of 1.6 percent, a little less
than the current inflation rate. If
you buy an inflation-linked 10-
year Treasury — one that will
protect you if inflation gets out of
hand — you will lock in a real re-
turn of negative 0.86 percent. Buy
a corporate bond rated Single A
— a good but not great credit rat-
ing — and you can lock in a yield
of around 2.4 percent.
Such low rates have proved at-
tractive to issuers. Sales of new
investment-grade corporate
bonds reached $177 billion in the
quarter, Dealogic reported. That
was just a little lower than the fig-
ure for the first three months of
this year, although it is well be-
low the record of $271 billion is-
sued in the first quarter of 2009. Such heavy issuance of corpo-
rate bonds might appear to be an
indication that companies are
borrowing money to invest in
new plants and equipment. But
many of the loans are being taken
out to refinance bonds issued in
earlier years at higher interest
rates. Such an exchange benefits
the company at the expense of in-
vestors, who may end up trading
in one bond for another with a
lower yield.
The public demand for junk
bonds appears to be high as well.
EPFR Global estimated that in-
vestors put $19.3 billion into high-
yield mutual funds during the
third quarter. That was the sec-
ond-highest amount it had calcu-
lated, trailing only the first three
months of this year.
High-yield bonds can be risky
as well. Their prices plunged dur-
ing the recession when there
were fears that many of the com-
panies issuing such bonds would
go broke. That sent yields soar-
ing above 20 percent for a brief
period.
The current strength of high-
yield bonds — investors in such
bonds earned a total return of
about 19 percent over the last 12
months — appears to reflect a
general belief that such an eco-
nomic downturn is highly unlike-
ly anytime soon.
OFF THE CHARTS
Investors Indulge in Below-Grade Bonds
Floyd Norris comments on fi-
nance and the economy at
nytimes.com/economix.
Sources: Dealogic (bond issuance); EPFR Global (fund flows); Bank of America, via Bloomberg (bond yields and returns)
THE NEW YORK TIMES
High Yields Aren’t So High
A record $79 billion in high-yield corporate bonds were sold in the United States in the third quarter, as investors poured money into mutual funds buying those bonds. The flood of money has sent bond prices up, and yields down.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
$80 billion
0
5
10
15
20
25%
–40
–20
0
+20
+40
+60
+80%
10
5
0
5
10
15
20
$25
–
–
+
+
+
+
+
Issuance of high-yield bonds in the United States Cash flows into or out of high-yield bond funds
Yields on Bank of America
Merrill Lynch high-yield bond index
12-month total return on Bank of America
Merrill Lynch high-yield bond index
’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12 ’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12
’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12 ’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12
Quarterly
Quarterly
Monthly
Monthly
By VIKAS BAJAJ
NEW DELHI — In April, the
economist Raghuram G. Rajan
gave a speech to a group of grad-
uating Indian students in which
he criticized the country’s policy
makers for “repeating failed ex-
periment after failed experi-
ment,” rather than learning from
the experiences of other coun-
tries. A week later, he assailed
the government again, this time
in a speech attended by Prime
Minister Manmohan Singh.
But instead of drawing a re-
buke from India’s often thin-
skinned leaders, he got a job of-
fer. In August, Mr. Singh, who
has frequently sought Mr.
Rajan’s advice, called and asked
himto take a leave from his job as
a professor at the University of
Chicago to return to India, where
he was born, to help revive the
country’s flagging economy.
Within weeks, he was at work as
the chief economic adviser in the
Finance Ministry.
Analysts say the appointment
of an outspoken academic like
Mr. Rajan, along with the recent
push by New Delhi to reduce en-
ergy subsidies and open up re-
tailing, insurance and aviation to
foreign investment, signal that
India’s policy makers appear to
be serious about tackling the na-
tion’s economic problems. Mr. Rajan has advocated
changing India’s financial sys-
tem, which is dominated by state-
owned banks, by among other
things loosening government re-
strictions on foreign banks and
other financial institutions. He
has also been critical of the coun-
try’s crony capitalism, likening
its business tycoons to Russia’s
oligarchs. He has argued that In-
dia needs to build stronger, im-
partial agencies to make the al-
lotment of licenses and natural
resources more transparent.
And India might finally be
ready to make such changes, he
said in an interview in his office
here.
“I believe that one of the vir-
tues of a functioning democracy
is that they prevent things from
getting too bad,” he said. “When
things get bad, democracy cre-
ates the space to make improve-
ments.”
Economists say Mr. Rajan, and
his boss, the recently reappoint-
ed finance minister,Palaniappan
Chidambaram,face daunting
challenges in their effort to re-
vive the slowing economy, which
is expected to post growth of 5.5
percent this year, down from an
average of 7.7 percent a year over
the last decade. The credit rating
agencies Standard & Poor’s and
Fitch Ratings have warned that
they may downgrade India’s sov-
ereign debt to junk status if it
doesn’t bring its ballooning budg-
et deficit under control.
Many of the government’s pro-
posals, including reduced subsi-
dies for food and fuel, are deeply
unpopular. Moreover, the govern-
ing alliance, led by the Indian Na-
tional Congress Party, recently
lost its majority in the lower
house of Parliament, which will
make it hard to enact legislation.
“Most emerging market gov-
ernments only carry out reforms
when they have their backs to the
wall,” said Ruchir Sharma,an ex-
ecutive at Morgan Stanley and
author of the recent book “Break-
out Nations: In Pursuit of the
Next Economic Miracles.” “The
government is under siege and
they are reacting to that.”
Though Mr. Rajan’s current
post does not carry any executive
authority, his return to India has
attracted attention because many
policy analysts consider him to
be the leading candidate to take
over the top job at India’s central
bank, the Reserve Bank of India,
next year when the current gov-
ernor, Duvvuri Subbarao,retires.
Mr. Rajan, 49, became famous
in the economics profession for
his prescience in warning about
the growing risks in the financial
system at a Federal Reserve con-
ference in 2005, three years be-
fore the failure of Lehman Broth-
ers. He argued that innovations
and deregulation appeared to
have made the global financial
system riskier, rather than safer
and more stable as many econo-
mists and top policy makers like
Alan Greenspan then believed.
The son of an Indian diplomat,
Mr. Rajan grew up around the
world and in New Delhi, earning
degrees from prestigious Indian
universities before studying eco-
nomics at the Massachusetts In-
stitute of Technology. His first big
policy job came when he was ap-
pointed the chief economist of the
International Monetary Fund.
Since 2008, he has been an ex-
ternal adviser to Mr. Singh, who
is his highest-placed champion in
India and who also asked him to
lead a committee to propose
changes to the country’s finan-
cial system.
Mr. Rajan has made no secret
of his distress with the slow pace
of change in the country in recent
years. But friends and associates
say he believes that policy mak-
ers now feel under pressure to
speed up the country’s transition
to a more liberal economy be-
cause growth has slowed sharply
ahead of the next national elec-
tion scheduled for 2014.
“At the end of the day, he sees a
window here,” said Kenneth
Rogoff,an economist at Harvard
University who was Mr. Rajan’s
predecessor at the International
Monetary Fund.
Mr. Chidambaram, the finance
minister, said he had come to ex-
pect unvarnished advice from
Mr. Rajan. “I’ve known Raghu
for quite some time,” he said,
“and when he joined the office
here I told him one thing: ‘You
are the adviser. You just tell us
the truth.’ I think Raghu will do
exactly that. He will tell the peo-
ple of India the truth."
In the interview, Mr. Rajan said
he and Mr. Singh had discussed
his return to India for several
years. While he dismissed the
speculation about the Indian cen-
tral bank job, he said he saw his
new position in the government
as an “open-ended opportunity,”
not a short-term stint. He says he
put aside plans to write a book on
democracy and capitalism to take
his new job.
He is committed to teaching
classes in the fall quarter in Chi-
cago but plans to move to India
full time in December. His wife
and his son will join him at the
end of the school year; he also
has a daughter in college. “I feel I owe something to the
country,” he said. “Also, I think
the chance of even having some
small influence that helps, that is
multiplied by 1.2 billion lives, it’s
such an immense opportunity.” Mr. Rajan said he would like to
focus his efforts on three big
themes: liberalizing India’s fi-
nancial system; making it easier
to do business, particularly for
entrepreneurs and manufactur-
ers; and fixing India’s dysfunc-
tional food distribution system,
which wastes a lot of food even as
many of the country’s poor are
malnourished. But the Indian bureaucracy’s
resistance to new ideas, which he
highlighted in his April speech,
may well stymie Mr. Rajan, just
as it did his predecessor, Kaushik
Basu,an economist from Cornell
University who was recently ap-
pointed the chief economist of the
World Bank.
Mr. Rajan needs to learn quick-
ly “on the job in a situation where
learning is not very easy,” said
Rajiv Kumar, who heads the Fed-
eration of Indian Chambers of
Commerce and Industry and is a
former Indian government econ-
omist. Mr. Rajan said he understood
the risks but believed that India’s
policy makers had been more
open to change than many critics
acknowledged. He pointed out
that despite significant initial op-
position, including from the cen-
tral bank, Indian officials have
adopted many of the proposals
from the committee he led, in-
cluding allowing Indian banks to
open branches in most of the
country, though not in big cities,
without the Reserve Bank’s per-
mission.
“The message from our report
is that nothing in India will get
done immediately,” he said. “It’s
by the time your report gets for-
gotten, becomes part of the wood-
work, that it really starts having
an effect.”
As Its Economy Sags, India Asks a Critic to Come Home and Help Out
INDIAN SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
Raghuram G. Rajan criticized Indian policy makers during a speech in April at the Indian School of Business.In August, the Indian government offered him a job. RAVEENDRAN/A.F.P.— GETTY IMAGES
Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh of India. Aballooning budget
deficit, declining
growth and
cumbersome rules.
Jim Yardley contributed report-
ing.
B4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Drawing Up a Balance Sheet
The world is a crazy place. We hear reports that say the economy is
getting better. The next month, things don’t look so good. It feels like a
tug of war, and we’re caught in the middle. So you want to make some
changes and put a framework around your financial future.
But there’s so much information! Credit card statements, mortgage
payments, insurance renewals, student loan bills and every other
piece of financial data about your life can be overwhelming. It’s easy
to throw up your hands and say, “I don’t know where to start.”
The best place to start is with your current reality. If it’s so obvious,
then why haven’t we done it?
First, it can be painful. The reason you’re looking to change things
is that something isn’t working. That something may be incredibly
personal, like how you talk about money with your spouse. So we
avoid our current reality and tell ourselves things will get better.
In addition,we’re all busy. Thinking about what’s right and wrong
with your current reality probably doesn’t make anyone’s Top 10 list.
But if you’re ready to make a change, the best place to start is by
creating a personal balance sheet. Just grab a blank piece of paper
and a pen. Then draw a line down the middle.
On the left side, list your assets. Bank accounts, the fair market val-
ue of your home, investment portfolio. For every asset, list its value.
On the right side, list your liabilities. Credit card debt, mortgage,
school loans. Then, add up your assets and subtract your liabilities. You now have
your net worth.
If you’re not happy with the number, you have two options:in-
crease your assets or decrease your liabilities.
I keep crossing paths with people who don’t know how their assets
compare with their liabilities. Once you know where you stand, you
can make an honest assessment of your options and what comes next.
CARL RICHARDS
COMMENTS
I try to do this about once a year. (My boyfriend? Never.)
More recently I took it a step further and made a graph to track the ups
and downs of my checking account balance after increasing my 401(k)
contributions. If the trend line points up, then I am in good shape. If it
points down, then I am eating into my savings and I need to rethink my
spending or contributions. Of course, I do this over a period of a few
months so that one month with a big purchase doesn’t have an outsized
effect.— Allison, Brooklyn
If you use Mint.com to keep track of your financials, it will do this cal-
culation for you. As long as you have entered all your online accounts
for everything (mortgage, student loans, credit cards all have online ac-
cess), then it will pull all that information in and calculate your net
worth.— Sara, Virginia
A New High
In Refinancing
Is it time to think about re-
financing — or re-refinancing?
Mortgage refinancing has
jumped to a three-year high as
interest rates on home loans
have dropped to new lows, ac-
cording to a weekly industry
survey from the Mortgage Bank-
ers Association.
Mortgage applications over all
increased 16.6 percent from one
week earlier on a seasonally ad-
justed basis for the week that
ended Sept. 28, according to the
association’s Market Composite
Index, a measure of loan appli-
cation volume. The survey cov-
ers more than three-fourths of
all retail home mortgage appli-
cations in the United States, and
has been conducted weekly
since 1990.
The Refinance Index in-
creased 20 percent from the pre-
vious week. This was the highest
refinance index recorded in the
survey since April 2009.Mike
Fratantoni, the association’s vice
president,said the markets were
continuing to adjust as the Fed-
eral Reserve’s purchases of
mortgage-backed securities,
part of its program to foster eco-
nomic growth, pushed rates low-
er.
The average interest rate for
30-year fixed-rate mortgages
with “conforming” balances
(meaning $417,500 or less) fell to
3.53 percent from 3.63 percent,
while the average for 30-year
fixed-rate jumbo loans (greater
than $417,500) fell to 3.82 percent
from 3.87 percent. ANN CARRNS
COMMENT
We refinanced two
years ago to a 15-year — went
from 5.875 percent to 3.875 per-
cent and cut nine years off for
only $150 to 200 a month more.
Did little happy dance at the awe-
someness of a mortgage rate un-
der 4 percent.Then they kept
dropping. So last week, we refinanced to
another 15-year — this time at
2.875 percent. Our mortgage pay-
ment is now $300 LESS than our
original 30-year was, and even
with going back to a full 15 years,
we are still saving $10,000 com-
pared to the earlier 15-year (not
even counting the time value of
money). Unreal. — Laura, Baltimore
Credit Rule
To Get a Fix
I wrote a Bucks post last year
about a provision of the Credit
Card Act of 2009, which was cre-
ated to protect consumers but
also ended up restricting access
to credit for stay-at-home wives
and husbands.
Nowthe Consumer Federal
Protection Bureau plans to pro-
pose a new rule to fix that defect,
according to testimony by the bu-
reau’s chief, Richard Cordray,be-
fore a Congressional committee
last month.
The law was passed in part to
prevent students and young
adults from getting into trouble
with credit card debt, but it ended
up backfiring in its impact on
spouses who don’t work outside
the home. In completing the law’s
details after it was enacted, the
Federal Reserve had said that
credit card companies must con-
sider “individual” income, not
“household” income, on credit
applications. That meant that in
most situations, a nonworking
spouse couldn’t obtain credit
based on their husband’s or
wife’s income, as they could pre-
viously. (There were no specific
allowances for same-sex couples;
it remains to be seen how such
couples will be affected after the
bureau intervenes.)
The move was necessary, the
Fed said, to make sure the person
holding the card could actually
pay the bill.
But Mr. Cordray, in testimony
before the House committee, said
the restriction of credit to stay-at-
home spouses was “clearly an
unintended consequence” of the
law and was creating a signifi-
cant problem. He said his agency
would propose a fix sometime
this month.
ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
My mother stayed at
home while my dad worked and
all their credit cards were issued
in his name (she had cards on
those accounts) until they were in-
formed that if he died, my mom
would have no credit history es-
tablished. This is the social reason
to make that change.
— Jack, Boston
If the stay-at-home spouse has
no income, their ability to pay
anything back would be based on
the other spouse’s income. How
does it make sense to offer them
credit solely in their own name?
— Tom, Maryland
CARL RICHARDS
who themselves have special
needs children or siblings. Be-
cause they’ve been there, they
know the practical steps that
most families need to take.
What follows is a primer from
those practitioners on the basics
that families should consider
when helping someone with spe-
cial needs.
YOU FIRST
When Michael C.Wal-
ther II talks to families for the
first time in his work as a finan-
cial planner in Deerfield, Ill., he
often parrots the standard flight
attendant announcement at the
beginning of a trip: Put your oxy-
gen mask on first before worry-
ing about the family member
next to you. Mr. Walther, who has a brother
with Asperger’s syndrome who
lives with their parents, said he
sometimes saw parents who had
spent hundreds of thousands of
dollars on therapies for their
child and arrived in his office
with no retirement savings at the
age of 50. “That’s a loving thing,”
he said. “But now you have an-
other problem. There is nothing
for you. That special needs kid is
dependent on you guys, and now
you can’t support yourself.”
THE TEAM
Once you know what
challenges family members face
— and it can sometimes take
years to understand what limita-
tions they have and what kind of
financial support they will need
— it’s probably wise to resist the
urge to hunker down and sort it
all out yourself.
“Life is totally rearranged,”
said Mary Anne Ehlert, a finan-
cial planner in Lincolnshire, Ill.
Her late sister had cerebral palsy,
and Ms. Ehlert also runs a serv-
ice called Protected Tomorrows
that advises families on the life
planning tasks beyond the finan-
cial issues.
She hopes to one day have a
large team of affiliated financial
planners around the country who
are experts on serving special
needs families. In the meantime,
there are networks of lawyers, in-
cluding the Academy of Special
Needs Planners and the Special
Needs Alliance, with directories
of members who can help with
some of the tasks.
Your best source of advice and
referrals to local experts may
well be your fellow travelers, so
be sure to seek out other families
with relatives in similar situa-
tions to yours to see who has
helped them with their planning. THE TRUST
One of the first tasks
that many proactive families
tackle is to set up a special needs
trust, which holds assets that can
help pay for a disabled person’s
care and expenses without dis-
qualifying them fromcertain gov-
ernment benefits that are means-
tested.
Some families feel an urgency
to do this for estate planning pur-
poses, since they can direct pro-
ceeds of a life insurance policy to
the trust. They may leave the
trust empty until that point.
Others start filling it from Day
1, as they would a college savings
plan, because they worry about
the future of government benefits
given the amount of government
debt. “We’re in a hole, and I don’t
know how long it will take to
climb back out of the hole,” said
Matt Syverson, a financial plan-
ner in Overland Park, Kan.,
whose 5-year old daughter has
Down syndrome. “I don’t know if
the benefits will be there or not.
It would be nice if they were. I
just can’t count on it.”
THE ESTATE PLAN
Any trust ac-
count may involve other people
who can act as administrators, so
you’ll need to have frank conver-
sations with them about what it
would mean to be responsible for
your family member’s care or
money,or both. Others will want to help in any
number of ways, but their help
may be counterproductive. Jerry
Ruttenberg, who helps clients
with life insurance and other fi-
nancial planning at Firstrust Fi-
nancial Resources in Philadel-
phia, faced this situation when
his late father left $10,000 to his
grandson Seth, who is brain-in-
jured and receives government
benefits that help pay for his ex-
penses in the group home where
he lives.
Mr. Ruttenberg spent many
months going back and forth with
various government agencies be-
fore someone was able to help
him keep the inheritance from
disqualifying his son from contin-
ued government assistance. “A
dead person can’t unwind a mis-
take,” he said. “Part of doing
planning is letting family mem-
bers know what is going on.”
If you have family members
with special needs, your estate
plan needs a care plan, too. “We
call it ‘Sean’s Care Guide,’” Mr.
Walther said of the plan for his
brother. “It can include foods. Ca-
loric intake. That he likes to
watch golf. Is the light on or off at
bedtime? Here are their best
friends and how to reach them.
These are the kids that pick on
him. Here are the medications,
and here are the doctors who
have not been successful in inter-
acting with someone or don’t
want to. This kind of stuff won’t
be anywhere else, and you have
to update it every now and then.”
THE BENEFITS
A fair bit of the fi-
nancial planning for adults with
special needs tends to revolve
around qualifying for and then
preserving government benefits.
But some families with reason-
ably high-functioning family
members may not want to tap
those benefits,or even make sure
they are eligible.
Mr. Walther counts his parents
in this camp, since they came of
age at a time when Medicaid was
for poor people. “They felt that
we shouldn’t take that money out
of other people’s pockets,” he
said. One drawback, however, is
that many government pro-
grams, like art classes or out-
reach services, may be available
only to people who are eligible for
Medicaid. Mr. Ruttenberg has no such
qualms about the fact that Medic-
aid covers his son, Seth.He lik-
ened the theoretical possibility of
having to pay out of pocket for
the expenses that the govern-
ment covers to paying college tu-
ition each year for the rest of his
life. “Eventually, it would bank-
rupt me,” he said.
James M. Hayes, a lawyer in
Binghamton, N.Y., who special-
izes in estate and other planning
for people with special needs and
has a developmentally disabled
adult son, put it more bluntly.
“I’ve never felt like I was tak-
ing advantage of anything,” he
said. “It’s my adult son. I’ve nev-
er really felt that people who
have adult children like my son
should have a burden that other
people don’t have.”
RYAN COLLERD FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Jerry Ruttenberg, a financial planner,with his son, Seth, 31, who is brain-injured.Medicaid helps cover Seth’s costs at a group home.
Assuring Care of a Special Needs Family Member
From First Business Page
Kloza,chief oil analyst at the Oil
Price Information Service, said
California customers might get
some relief in the next few days
because traders were suddenly
lowering the prices of their bulk
sales almost as fast as they were
raising them over the last few
days. He said the wholesale price
for gasoline on the West Coast
dropped 50 cents on Friday from
a high of $4.25 a gallon.
“The prices are incredibly er-
ratic,” Mr. Kloza said. “It’s gone
from incredibly excessive pricing
to just plain excessive.”
In Southern California, Costco
Wholesale outlets and other un-
branded stations were particular-
ly hard hit by the shortages be-
cause refineries normally supply
their branded customers first be-
cause they pay a higher premium
for locking in guaranteed sup-
plies.Valero Energy,along with
other refiners,temporarily halted
spot sales of gasoline to some of
its California customers.
“California requires a specific
blend of gasoline that only the re-
fineries on the West Coast
make,” said Bill Day,a spokes-
man for Valero. “So when there is
a shortage of that blend, you
can’t just send supplies from
somewhere else.”
Gasoline prices largely depend
on the price of crude oil. Global
oil prices have eased somewhat
since the beginning of the year,
despite turmoil in the Middle
East and sanctions on Iran. The
easing is attributed to slowing
economic activity around the
world and increased supplies
coming from several countries in-
cluding Iraq, Libya, Saudi Arabia
and the United States.
Across the country, gas prices
remain high. The $3.79 average
price for a gallon of regular is 39
cents higher than it was a year
ago, although the price has come
down 3 cents over the last month.
Nationally, Mr. Kloza said,the
price of a regular gallon of gaso-
line should ease to about $3.50 be-
tween now and December, which
would put prices fairly similar to
a year ago.
High gasoline prices have fre-
quently been a political issue, but
President Obama may get a
break this year because several
swing states like Florida, Ohio,
Virginia, North Carolina, Nevada
and New Hampshire have gaso-
line prices that are relatively low
compared with the national aver-
age.
On Friday, in central Los Ange-
les, motorists expressed a combi-
nation of frustration, resignation
and anger.
“I’m not happy about it,” said
Michael Eisenhower, 52, a televi-
sion costume designer, as he
stared at the digits rising to near-
ly $40 to fill up his sport utility ve-
hicle. He stopped short of topping
off as he complained that his
wages were not rising as fast as
the price of gas.
“I’ve been putting in a reason-
able amount of gas, enough for
two days or so,” he said. “It’s my
way of budgeting what I have to
work with each week.”
Southern California Struggles With High Gas Prices
GARY KAZANJIAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A worker in Fresno raises gas prices. California prices are often high because of regulations. From First Business Page
Challenges as refiners
switch from summer
to winter blends.
Ian Lovett contributed reporting. Readers of the Bucks personal
finance blog who have a
disabled family member offer
advice to those just starting the
financial planning process.
nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:ADVICE FOR OTHERS N
B5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
PERSONAL BUSINESS By PAUL SULLIVAN
I
T’S not news that health care costs
are increasing. Yet several recent
studies showthat few people factor
those rising costs into their retire-
ment plans. Consider this example from an annu-
al report from Fidelity Investments:
For a 65-year-old couple retiring this
year, the cost of health care in retire-
ment will be $240,000, 6 percent more
than that same couple retiring in 2011
would pay. The report assumes that the
man will live 17 years and the woman 20.
“Most people don’t realize Medicare
covers much less than traditional em-
ployer plans,” Sunit Patel, senior vice
president in Fidelity’s benefits consult-
ing group. “The $240,000 number cap-
tures the Part B premium for physician
services, Part D for prescription drugs.
Then there are deductibles and coinsur-
ance, and benefits that are not covered
like vision exams, hearing aids.”
Another study,this one from Nation-
wide Financial, found that people who
were near retirement routinely and
wildly overestimated the percentage of
health care costs covered by Medicare.
It covers only 51 percent of health care
services, according to the Employee
Benefit Research Institute.
Robert L. Reynolds, president and
chief executive of Putnam Investments,
which has its own study, bluntly
summed up the situation at a recent
news briefing.“It makes no sense at all
to talk about retirement savings or life-
time replacement income without talk-
ing about health care expenses,” he
said.
A calculator developed by Putnam,
called the Lifetime Income Analysis
Tool, shows people not only how much
they have saved but also, starting next
year,how much they need to save de-
pending on their health (cigarette
smokers with diabetes need to save the
least because their life expectancy is
the shortest) and where they plan to re-
tire (Louisiana is the cheapest, Alaska
the most expensive) so they can live at
their same income in retirement.
Moving to cheaper and possibly
warmer climates is something many re-
tirees naturally do. But while someone
may be willing to move to Florida to re-
duce state taxes and avoid the ice and
snow of the north, most people have so
little awareness about the costs of
health care in retirement that those
costs are probably not a driving factor. Carol and Richard Bechtel had
worked in the San Jose, Calif.,area, she
for Stanford University and he at vari-
ous technology companies. When it
came time to retire in 2006, they put a
lot of thought into where they wanted to
live. They picked a community in Fair-
field Glade, Tenn.
Cost of living was a factor. They were
able to sell their home of 37 years in San
Jose, pay cash for a house on a golf
course, and still have money left over to
put in their retirement account. Quality
of life also mattered. By their account,
the Bechtels are thoroughly enjoying
their new community and friends. Mr.
Bechtel found a hangar close to their
home for his airplane, and they are clos-
er to their son and three granddaugh-
ters in Wisconsin. But when it came to knowing their
health care expenses in retirement,
they were pretty typical: they had to
check on what the exact costs were.
Their premiums, between Medicare, a
supplementary policy through Stanford
and a dental plan, will cost them
$9,058.80 this year. That is a whopping
14 percent increase from the same poli-
cies in 2011. And that number does not
include any out-of-pocket medical ex-
penses, like co-payments or the costs of
over-the-counter medications. “Health premiums are probably one
of our biggest expenses,” Mrs. Bechtel
said.
Yet Mrs. Bechtel was not complain-
ing. She said her Stanford-sponsored
plan was excellent and it had given
them freedom to choose the doctors
they wanted, particularly for her hus-
band,who had some health problems
recently. “Our premiums are small compared
to what our bills would be,” she said. “It
really makes us realize how great my
Stanford benefit is. It covers every-
thing. I worry a little bit how Medicare
may change.”
While most retirees pay for insurance
that supplements what Medicare pays,
how comprehensive and open each plan
is varies. But the fear that they will not
be able to choose the doctors or care
they want drives some wealthier people
to set up separate accounts for health
costs. Faith Xenos, chief investment officer
for Singer Xenos Wealth Management
near Miami, said she counseled clients
to set aside 5 percent of their annual
budget for health-related costs and de-
ductibles. (If they don’t spend it, she
tells clients to use the money to do
something healthy.)
“Let’s all acknowledge insurance
doesn’t cover everything,” she said.
“We have this idea from years back that
once you get your Medicare or your re-
tirement benefits package that every-
thing is covered.” That is not the case.
She added:“Everyone wants the best
drugs, and those might not be the ones
your policy covers. They might cover a
drug but that might not be the one you
want.”
For people wanting to retire before
Medicare starts at 65, she advises buy-
ing a high-deductible plan and using a
health savings account to cover some of
the out-of-pocket expenses. Then there’s the issue of long-term
care insurance. Various studies esti-
mate that the percentage of people who
reach 65 and will need long-term care is
30 to 50 percent. A separate study done by Fidelity in
2008 put the cost of one year of care at
$76,000 and said that 50 percent of cou-
ples retiring in 2008 would need at least
one year of long-term care, and 20 per-
cent would need up to five. “The question is,‘Are you going to
pay for that out of your current assets
or are you going to get a long-term care
policy?’” said John L. Hillis, president
of Hillis Financial Services in San Jose,
Calif. “These policies can be very ex-
pensive,and a lot of companies are get-
ting out of the product because the in-
surance companies aren’t making any
money off of it.”
Mr. Hillis speaks from experience:
his stepmother lived to be 99
1
/
2
and end-
ed her days in a nursing home. He said
her health care expenses were about
$10,000 a month. But even when he tells
clients this story, few are inclined to buy
the insurance.
“It’s really what’s important to you,”
Mr. Hillis said. “Do you want to protect
a portion of that money or is it, ‘I accu-
mulated this money and part of it is to
take care of me in my later years.’”
In the case of the Bechtels, who are
Mr. Hillis’s clients, Mrs. Bechtel said
they did not buy long-term care insur-
ance because of the high cost. She plans
to take care of her husband, who is 81
years old. She is 68.
“I don’t know how difficult that will
be,” she said. “I don’t know what I’ll do
about me. I figured I won’t worry about
that yet.”
While the cost is certainly a factor in
not buying long-term care insurance —
Ms. Xenos said she had seen annual
premiums for a couple as high as
$20,000 —another reason is that many
people simply don’t want to think about
something unpleasant: ending their
days not in control of their own lives.
“The people I see buying long-term
care insurance are the children, for
their parents,” Ms. Xenos said. “They
don’t want to see their inheritance dissi-
pated by long illnesses that are hard to
pay for. And they say,‘I’d rather deal
with the annual premium than my par-
ents dissipating their assets.’” With that kind of outlay, the children
had better be sure that they are the ben-
eficiaries —and that their parents don’t
spend all the money on themselves.
WEALTH MATTERS
Planning for Retirement? Don’t Forget Health Care Costs
CHRISTOPHER BERKEY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Dick and Carol Bechtel pay over $9,000 annually for Medicare, a supplementary medical policy and a dental plan.
By ALINA TUGEND
I
’VEnever liked the idea of a bucket
list —that increasingly popular
concept that we should tally up all
the things we want to do before we
die and, well, do them.
Whether it be swimming with dol-
phins (an oddly common choice), writ-
ing a book,trekking through Nepal or
all three,it’s not that the ideas are in-
herently bad.Rather,it is already too
easy to reduce lives to a series of goals
that we aim for, reach and then move
on.
But goals are good, right? Aren’t we
always told they’re the best way to get
to where we want to be? It turns out that that’s not necessarily
true,personally and professionally.
I’ll get back to the bucket lists in a bit.
But first, let’s look at what some of the
research tells us about goals.
“We know goal-setting is a very pow-
erful motivating force,” said Maurice E.
Schweitzer, a professor of operations
and information management at the
Wharton School at the University of
Pennsylvania.
“Whether it’s a runner who wants to
set a certain time or a salesperson aim-
ing for a number of sales, goals give us
meaning, purpose and guidance.”
But, said Professor Schweitzer, who
co-wrote a paper in 2009 “Goals Gone
Wild,” which appeared in the journal
Academy of Management Perspectives,
things got a little out of hand.
“The proponents of goals focused on
the benefits of the goals, not the harm,
and too many businesses went too far,
saying ‘Here’s what we want you to ac-
complish,’ and implicitly saying, ‘We
don’t care how you got there.’”
And that, he said, can lead to, among
other things, unethical behavior.
Lisa D. Ordóñez, a professor of man-
agement and organizations at the Eller
College of Management at the Universi-
ty of Arizona, described experiments
that proved this point. In one, partici-
pants were asked to create as many
words as possible using letters —sort of
like the game Boggle. In one group, the
participants were given a goal of nine
words, and if met, they would receive
some money. In a second group, they
were given a goal but no financial incen-
tive. And those in the third group were
simply told to try their best.
The students who participated were
given a chance to check their words in a
dictionary to make sure they were true
English words. They threw out the
worksheets, and turned in the answer
sheet that only stated how many words
they had finished.
But the academic researchers run-
ning the experiment had a code to
match the worksheets with the answer
sheets and discovered that both groups
that had been given a goal of creating a
certain number of words —whether or
not money was involved —cheated 8 to
13 percent of the time. Those in the third
group rarely did.
“It’s not that goals are bad,” said Pro-
fessor Ordóñez, who was also a co-au-
thor of the “Goals Gone Wild” article.
“We’re just saying be careful.”
For example, a lot has been written
about tying teachers’ merit pay or jobs
to how well their students do on stand-
ardized tests. The goal is to find a way
to evaluate teachers’ abilities. But this
has led to a number of problems,includ-
ing, in some cases, teachers cheating to
raise students’ scores.
“Part of the larger problem is, How
do we measure performance?” she said.
“We want to put our money where we
are better served —I get that. But what
we end up measuring is not always the
most important thing but the easiest to
measure.”
Gary P. Latham, a professor of orga-
nizational effectiveness at the Universi-
ty of Toronto, has long studied the posi-
tive effects of goals. It’s not that goals
are bad, he said, but that problems arise
when the values that underlie them and
the process to achieve them are skewed.
“If you’re going to be overly reduc-
tionist, then you’re behaving stupidly,”
he said. “You can have multiple goals
for complex behavior.”
Professor Schweitzer agreed that it’s
a problem when goals become too nar-
rowly focused.
Besides possibly leading to unethical
behavior —a lawyer being told to bill a
certain number of hours a week will be
tempted to fudge the numbers —too
much emphasis on goals can inhibit
learning and undermine intrinsic moti-
vation, he said.
“If the goal is to earn a certain score
on a math test, then that goal takes
over,” Professor Schweitzer said. “A
love of learning or understanding of the
elegance of math gets beaten out.”
And goals can have unintended con-
sequences. A 1999 article on the use of
incentives that appeared in The Journal
of Economic Literature tells an anec-
dote about Ken O’Brien, the former
New York Jets quarterback who had a
tendency to throw interceptions early in
his career. As a result, he received a
contract that penalized him every time
he threw the ball to the opposing team.
It worked —he threw fewer intercep-
tions. But that was because he threw
fewer balls overall, even when he
should have.
“Goal-setting is like powerful medica-
tion,” Professor Schweitzer said. “You
need to make sure how appropriate it is
and keep monitoring it to determine, ‘Is
this goal too specific? Is this goal too
stressful? Is it pushing many people be-
yond the normal bounds of what they
should be doing?’ If so, then you need to
rethink that goal.”
Professor Ordóñez said she recog-
nized that dilemma in her own life.
While on a recent sabbatical, she wasn’t
working out, so she decided she needed
a target to aim for and began training
for a triathlon.
“It forced me to get out of bed at 5
a.m.,” she said. And while the training
was good for her,she was also aware
she had less time to spend with her hus-
band. And while she is glad she’s going
to take part in a triathlon, she said she
wanted to make sure that one goal did
not overshadow other important as-
pects of her life.
And this leads us back to the bucket
lists. What troubles me is that rather
than enhancing our lives, they can too
quickly become the entire point.
“Setting these goals is a way of focus-
ing one’s attention, rather than asking,
‘Why do I pursue these goals?’” said
Miroslav Volf, director of the Yale Cen-
ter for Faith and Culture.
While a life without any goals would
be aimless, it might not be a bad idea to
jettison some overboard once in a while.
Roz Warren, a humorist, recently
wrote an essay that appeared on a blog
in The New York Times about how, at al-
most 58 years old, her goal now “is to
try to hang on to what I’ve got.”
She swims and walks, but is not going
to take up yoga or lift weights. She’s not
going to finish (or start) books she
“should” but really doesn’t want to. And
she may never learn to operate a Jet
Ski.
Some readers applauded her deci-
sion, while others angrily thought she
was embracing stagnation, Ms. Warren
told me. “I’m trying to let go of a lot of stuff I
think a well-educated person ought to
know,” she said, like recognizing impor-
tant works of classical music or art or
identifying most trees and flowers. “And I’m at peace with that. I’m not
living life ticking off boxes.”
SHORTCUTS
Experts’ Advice
To the Goal-Oriented:
Don’t Overdo It
KEVIN REECE/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The goal was to get Ken O’Brien, the former New York Jets quarterback, to
throw fewer interceptions. The remedy didn’t work quite as imagined.
E-mail: shortcuts@nytimes.com
Making sure what’s on
the bucket list enhances
life and doesn’t become
the point of it. Readers of the Bucks personal
finance blog who are retired discuss
their experiences in dealing with health
care costs.
nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:ADDING IN THE COSTS B6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
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By Reuters
The Standard & Poor’s 500-
stock index broke a four-day
string of gains, ending slightly
lower on Friday as an unexpect-
ed drop in the nation’s unemploy-
ment rate was overshadowed by
concerns about the coming earn-
ings reporting period, which be-
gins with Alcoa next week.
All three major stock indexes
came off session highs in the af-
ternoon. The S.& P.500 turned
negative for the first time this
week as investors braced for
weak corporate results.
Third-quarter earnings for
companies in the S.& P. 500 are
forecast to have fallen 2.4 percent
from the year-ago period, which
would be the first decline in three
years, according to Thomson
Reuters data.
“It’s a bit ‘sell on the news’
type of a situation. We had the big
jobs numbers this morning, but
traders and investors don’t want
to keep their positions going into
the weekend and next week,”
said Christian C.Bertelsen, the
chief investment officer of Global
Financial Private Capital, a
wealth management company.
Despite the lackluster per-
formance for the day, the S.& P.
500 was up 16.17 percent so far
this year. The benchmark is on
track for its best yearly run since
2009.
Most of the market’s gains this
year have been prompted by
easy monetary policies. The im-
provement in hiring last month is
one bright spot as manufacturing
around the world has been show-
ing signs of softness in recent
months.
The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age rose 34.79 points, or 0.26 per-
cent, to 13,610.15. The Standard &
Poor’s 500-stock index dipped
0.47 of a point, or 0.03 percent, to
1,460.93. The Nasdaq composite
index slipped 13.27 points, or 0.42
percent, to 3,136.19.
For the week, the Dow rose 1.3
percent, the S.& P. 500 advanced
1.4 percent and the Nasdaq added
0.6 percent.
The aluminum company Alcoa,
a component of the Dow industri-
als, will kick off the earnings peri-
od on Tuesday. Alcoa is expected
to report that it broke even, com-
pared with earnings of 15 cents a
share a year ago. Shares of Alcoa
edged up 0.22 percent,to $9.07 on
Friday.
Shares of Zynga, the game
maker,fell 11.9 percent,to $2.48,
after it slashed its 2012 outlook
for a second time.
Facebook, which derives more
than a tenth of its revenue from
fees paid by Zynga, lost 4.73 per-
cent,to $20.91.
Interest rates were higher. The
Treasury’s benchmark 10-year
note fell 20
/
32
, to 98
30
/
32
, and the
yield rose to 1.74 percent from 1.67
percent late Thursday.
STOCKS & BONDS
Earnings Concerns Weigh on Markets The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
THE NEW YORK TIMES
13,560
13,600
13,640
13,680
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
13,575.36
the former chief executive of
General Electric, John F. Welch
Jr., suggested that the White
House had massaged the Labor
Department data to make it more
favorable. The Obama adminis-
tration, economic experts and
some Republicans dismissed that
notion as a groundless conspir-
acy theory.
The jobs report was preceded
by other signs of growing eco-
nomic strength, including a jump
in consumer confidence, the
strongest auto sales in four
years, rallying stock prices and,
at long last, a stabilization of
housing prices. According to the monthly sur-
vey of employers, the bulk of the
gains came from service jobs,
particularly in education and
health care.Though government
downsizing has been a drag on
the recovery, government over
all added 10,000 jobs in Septem-
ber, the third consecutive month
of gains.
The nation’s employers have
added an average of 146,000 jobs
a month in 2012, just ahead of the
numbers that are considered nec-
essary to absorb new workers
into the labor force. “This is not
what a real recovery looks like,”
Mr. Romney said in a statement.
Areas of weakness included
manufacturing, one of the bright
spots that Mr. Obama has show-
cased throughout the re-election
campaign. It lost 16,000 jobs after
a revised 22,000 drop in August
in the face of a global slowdown.
The number of temporary jobs,
usually considered a harbinger of
future growth, fell 2,000. Speak-
ing to a rain-soaked crowd of
9,000 at Cleveland State Universi-
ty, Mr. Obama said, “Today’s
news should give us some en-
couragement. It shouldn’t be an
excuse for the other side to talk
down the economy just to try to
score some political points.” “We’ve made too much
progress to return to the policies
that led to this crisis in the first
place,” the president said to
cheers.
The nation now has nearly the
same number of jobs as when Mr.
Obama took office in January
2009. Since the economy stopped
hemorrhaging jobs in February
2010, there has been an increase
of more than 4.3 million.A mere
61,000-job increase would allow
Mr. Obama to claim a net gain in
jobs over his tenure.
The White House has already
made that claim based on one
measurement. In an annual reca-
libration last month, the Bureau
of Labor Statistics said 400,000
more jobs were added in the 12
months that ended in March than
previously thought. Such revi-
sions are common, but the ad-
justment process is slow — that
new benchmark will not be incor-
porated into the monthly jobs fig-
ures until early next year.
Mr. Romney, on other hand,
said the lower rate spoke to a na-
tion short of hope. The rate, he
asserted, would be about 11 per-
cent if the same percentage of
people were looking for work
now as on the day Mr. Obama
was elected.
“If you just dropped out of the
labor force, if you just give up and
say, ‘Look, I can’t go back to
work, I’m just going to stay
home,’ if you just drop out alto-
gether, why,you’re no longer
part of the employment statistics,
so it looks like unemployment is
getting better,” Mr. Romney said
at a farm equipment dealership
in Abingdon, Va.
That was true in August, when
the rate dropped to 8.1 percent,
from 8.3 percent. But this time,
the statistics showed that more
people were working, not that
discouraged job seekers had
stopped looking for work. The jobs report is based on two
surveys, one of businesses and
one of households, that can
present different pictures.
While the survey of businesses
showed mediocre growth, the
household survey had a whop-
ping increase of 873,000 people
working in September. The
household survey is much more
volatile and prone to sampling er-
ror, but it captures aspects of the
labor market that the business
survey does not, like self-employ-
ment and household workers.
Economists said that this
month’s household survey prob-
ably overstated the improve-
ment, but that its credibility was
bolstered by an unexpectedly ro-
bust rise in consumer confidence.
The polling firm Gallup pin-
pointed the improvement in con-
sumer confidence last month to
the first day of the Democratic
National Convention and attrib-
uted it almost entirely to in-
creased optimism among Demo-
crats, while confidence among
Republicans remained at low lev-
els. But Gallup could not say
whether politics or economic con-
ditions had driven the change.
The employment gains were
not spread equally. While for old-
er workers, the unemployment
rate was the lowest in years,the
unemployment rate for black
men improved only 0.1 percent-
age point and the portion of all
black men with jobs actually fell,
to 57.5 percent.
There was no movement be-
tween August and September in
a broader measure of underem-
ployment, which includes the job-
less who have stopped looking for
work and those who work part
time but would like to work full
time. That stayed at 14.7 percent,
though it is down from 16.4 per-
cent a year earlier.
And 4.8 million people are in
the group that has had the tough-
est time finding work — those
who have been unemployed for
longer than six months. Sarah Thurman, a civil engi-
neer in Kansas City, Mo., has
been looking since May 2010.
“The smaller firms are starting
to post job openings,and that
hasn’t been like that for over two
years, but there’s so many of us
without jobs that there’s so much
competition,” she said. “I’m hear-
ing from the headhunters that it’s
going to be opening up, it’s going
to be opening up — but when?”
Like Republicans and Demo-
crats, consumers and businesses
have divergent views of the eco-
nomic situation. Consumers have
brightened along with the better
outlook for employment, calmer
stock markets and whispers of
rising home values. Business leaders have been
hanging back,more focused on a
global slowdown and domestic
concerns. They say they are un-
certain what the election will
mean for the business climate
and are waiting in part for a reso-
lution of the host of tax increases
and budget cuts that will be set
off at the end of the year if Con-
gress fails to act. The discrepancy between con-
sumers’ mood and companies’
outlook can be easily explained,
economists said. “Businesses are
much more forward-looking,”
said Ms.Zentner at Nomura.
In a survey of 400 chief finan-
cial officers conducted this sum-
mer, Grant Thornton, a manage-
ment consulting firm,found that
only 37 percent foresaw the possi-
bility of adding workers while 18
percent said they expected to
shrink over the next six months. Harry Kazazian, the chief exec-
utive of Exxel Outdoors,a maker
of camping equipment based in
Alabama, said the election, the
fiscal cliff and rapidly shifting
regulations had put him in a cau-
tious mood. With sales on the rise, Exxel
has slowly resumed a capital in-
vestment plan that it suspended
three years ago. “We’re moving
forward, but we’re doing it in
steps rather than being much
more aggressive and putting our-
selves out there,” Mr. Kazazian
said. “I wouldn’t be surprised if
things start turning the other
way, meaning down.”
But at a Walmart in Atlanta,
shoppers were loosening the
reins a bit, buying what they de-
scribed as small indulgences like
scented candle oil and seasonal
beer.
Michael Peacock, 43, said that
although his house was in fore-
closure, he could sense enough
activity in his chosen field, online
marketing, that he could afford to
turn down some work outside his
specialty. “I’m not superconfi-
dent in the economy. But in my
line of work, things have been
getting better. There seems to be
some improvement.”
DAVID WALTER BANKS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Michael Peacock of Atlanta said his house was in foreclosure
but he thought his field, online marketing, was improving. Jobless Rate Hits 7.8%,
Lowest of Obama’s Term
STEVE HEBERT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Sarah Thurman lost her job in May 2010. With her are her children, Charlotte, 2, and Thomas, 4.
The Labor Picture in September
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
THE NEW YORK TIMES
Figures are seasonally adjusted, except where noted.
*Hispanics can be of any race. †Not seasonally adjusted. §People not working who say they would like to be. Includes discouraged workers or those who cannot work for reasons including ill health.
7
9
8
%
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
7.8%
M J J AA SN M
D
F
J
O
Nonfarm payroll, 12-month change
EMPLOYMENT
A SM A M J J
O
N D J F
SHARE OF
POPULATION 1-MONTH
CHANGE SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
% 58.7
63.6
0.4
0.1
+
+
pt0.3 0.5 +
–
Employed
Labor force (workers and unemployed)
‘HIDDEN’ UNEMPLOYMENT
In millions
1-MONTH
CHANGE
SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
†
%
7.2
8.6
8.6
6.4
+
–
%
7.1 8.4
–
+
Working part time, but want full-time work
People who currently want a job
§
UNEMPLOYMENT BY
EDUCATION LEVEL
1-MONTH
CHANGE
SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
%
pts.
pts.
pts.
pts.
11.3
8.7
6.5
4.1
Less than high school
High school
Some college
Bachelor’s or higher
0.7
0.1
0.1
Unch.
–
–
–
2.6
0.9
1.9
0.1
–
–
–
–
TYPE OF WORK
In millions
1-MONTH
CHANGE
SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
133.5
18.3
115.2
2.2
%0.1
0.1
0.1
+2.7
+
–
+ 1.4
1.1
1.4
-2.6
%+
+
+
–
Nonfarm
Goods
Services
Agriculture
UNEMPLOYMENT DEMOGRAPHICS
1-MONTH
CHANGE
SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
%
†
pts.
pts.
†
†
7.0
13.4
9.9
4.8
23.7
0.2
0.7
0.3
1.1
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
0.9
2.5
1.4
3.0
0.8
–
–
–
–
–
White
Black
Hispanic*
Asian
Teenagers
(16-19)
DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT
In weeks
1-MONTH
CHANGE
SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
39.8
18.5
%1.5
2.8
+
+
%1.5
15.1
–
–
Average
Median
AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS
Rank-and-file
workers
1-MONTH
CHANGE
SEPT.
1-YEAR
CHANGE
$813.51 0.6%
+
%2.1+
0
+1
+2%
An unexpectedly
strong rise in
consumer confidence.
From Page A1
change. And there is reason to
believe that one particular sea-
sonal pattern — the start of the
college school year — may be
partly responsible for the big
swing in September.
One of the biggest sources of
volatility in the last couple of
months (and one of the major
contributors to the big bump in
job-getters in September) was
the group of workers between 20
and 24 years old.
Historically, the employment
levels for that group have
dropped sharply in September,
probably because many people in
their early 20s are leaving sum-
mer jobs and going back to
school.
For each year since 1948, the
average level of employment for
this group has fallen by 398,000
from August to September. In
fact, before this year, employ-
ment for this age group had risen
just two times in that period: 1954
(a gain of 5,000), and 1961 (a gain
of 22,000).
This year was the third time on
record that the number of people
in this age group gained jobs in
September, and the gain was big:
101,000.
How to explain this major devi-
ation from the historical trend,
other than conspiracy theories?
If you look back at August, an
unusually high share of this age
group stopped working, com-
pared with past employment pat-
terns in August. From 1948 to
2011, the number of those 20 to 24
who had jobs fell by an average of
98,000 from July to August. This
past August, it fell by 530,000, the
biggest loss on record.
Over the last couple of dec-
ades, in fact, the job losses for
this age group have been grow-
ing each August, suggesting that
over time young people have
been leaving their summer jobs
earlier and earlier.
In other words, seasonal pat-
terns might be evolving — people
starting school and leaving their
summer jobs earlier in the sum-
mer — which has big implications
for how the Labor Department
digests and reports the monthly
employment data.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics
adjusts its raw survey data to
correct for seasonal patterns, and
since a decline in employment is
expected for those 20 to 24, the
economists at the bureau in-
creased the level of employment
for this group in the seasonally
adjusted numbers.
Changes in seasonal patterns
like this one can introduce more
error into the headline numbers,
and can at least partly explain
why the overall change in house-
hold employment looked so much
bigger in September than seems
plausible. After seasonal adjust-
ment, the increase in employ-
ment among those 20 to 24 was
given as 368,000. That’s about 42
percent of the overall increase in
employment growth for people of
all ages. (After making seasonal
adjustments on the August fig-
ures, the employment level for
20- to 24-year-olds was reported
as declining by 250,000.)
All of which is to say the bu-
reau aims to release the most in-
formative numbers it can. But it
is seeking to measure the state of
the American job market quickly,
based on surveys that are inher-
ently incomplete — and the ad-
justments that are meant to fill in
the gaps have their own short-
comings, particularly when sea-
sonal trends change.
In case you still believe that
the models the bureau uses are
being manipulated to put Presi-
dent Obama in a better light, note
that there are no political ap-
pointees currently serving in the
Bureau of Labor Statistics. The
employees are all career civil ser-
vants who have worked under
both Republican and Democratic
administrations. (The commis-
sioner of the bureau is supposed
to be a political appointee, but
that position is vacant. The acting
commissioner, John M. Galvin,
has held the position since Janu-
ary, and he is a career civil ser-
vant.)
Economists at the Bureau of
Labor Statistics regularly adjust
the models they use to account
for factors like seasonality and
the number of new companies
entering the economy, and the re-
visions are often very large. Economists outside the bureau
have been weighing in, too, both
on how the latest numbers should
be adjusted and what the next
few months of jobs reports
should look like. A paper pre-
sented last month as part of the
Brookings Papers on Economic
Activity series, for example, in-
corporated data on people flow-
ing into and out of unemployment
to forecast that the unemploy-
ment rate would most likely stag-
nate for a few months to come. Bureau of Labor Statistics Must Tame Volatile Data for Jobs Reports
Evolving seasonal
patterns may add to
monthly swings.
From First Business Page
N
B7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Australia (Dollar) 1.0181 .9822
China (Yuan) .1591 6.2840
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1290 7.7516
India (Rupee) .0193 51.9000
Japan (Yen) .0127 78.6500
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3275 3.0530
New Zealand (Dollar) .8176 1.2231
Pakistan (Rupee) .0105 95.4200
Philippines (Peso) .0241 41.4400
Singapore (Dollar) .8138 1.2288
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1109.8
Taiwan (Dollar) .0342 29.2370
Thailand (Baht) .0327 30.5500
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20860
Britain (Pound) 1.6134 .6198
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0525 19.0380
Denmark (Krone) .1749 5.7188
Europe (Euro) 1.3029 .7675
Hungary (Forint) .0046 217.08
Gold COMX $/oz 1934.60 766.00 Dec 12 1792.60 1798.10 1774.50 1780.80 ◊ 15.70 357,677
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4951.00 347.50 Dec 12 3503.50 3514.50 3431.50 3457.20 ◊ 52.90 88,232
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 448.65 308.85 Dec 12 378.95 381.00 375.00 377.80 ◊ 0.80 99,573
Nasdaq 100 2811.94 ◊ 16.65 ◊ 0.59 + 28.82 + 23.45
Composite 3136.19 ◊ 13.27 ◊ 0.42 + 27.46 + 20.38
Industrials 2593.20 ◊ 3.02 ◊ 0.12 + 24.75 + 19.60
Banks 1922.51 + 3.50 + 0.18 + 33.79 + 18.83
Insurance 4694.21 + 26.43 + 0.57 + 18.83 + 9.75
Other Finance 4122.17 ◊ 4.42 ◊ 0.11 + 27.15 + 19.63
Telecommunications 198.56 ◊ 0.31 ◊ 0.16 + 7.34 + 0.83
Computer 1664.80 ◊ 14.52 ◊ 0.86 + 27.12 + 20.75
Industrials 13610.15 + 34.79 + 0.26 + 24.41 + 11.40
Transportation 5046.43 + 33.72 + 0.67 + 16.58 + 0.53
Utilities 479.93 ◊ 1.55 ◊ 0.32 + 13.65 + 3.28
Composite 4516.89 + 11.43 + 0.25 + 20.10 + 6.73
100 Stocks 672.57 ◊ 0.62 ◊ 0.09 + 29.77 + 17.83
500 Stocks 1460.93 ◊ 0.47 ◊ 0.03 + 27.70 + 16.17
Mid-Cap 400 996.36 + 0.22 + 0.02 + 25.82 + 13.33
Small-Cap 600 470.26 ◊ 0.81 ◊ 0.17 + 29.04 + 13.30
MARKET GAUGES
+10%
+ 5%
0%
– 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
3-MONTH TREND
1,300
1,350
1,400
1,450
1,500
Aug.
Sept.
+10%
+ 5%
0%
– 5%
Nasdaq Composite
3-MONTH TREND
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
Aug.
Sept.
+10%
+ 5%
0%
– 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3-MONTH TREND
12,000
12,500
13,000
13,500
14,000
Aug.
Sept.
NASDAQ
COMPOSITE
3,136.19 –13.27
D
10-YEAR TREASURY YIELD
1.74% +0.07
CRUDE
OIL
$89.88 –$1.83
D
GOLD
(N.Y.)
$1,778.60 –$15.50
D
THE
EURO
$1.3029 +$0.0012
U
DOW
INDUSTRIALS
13,610.15 +34.79
U
S.&P.
500
1,460.93 –0.47
D
STOCK MARKET INDEXES
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
DOW JONES
STANDARD AND POOR’S
NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
NASDAQ
OTHER INDEXES
NYSE Comp. 8384.07 + 7.73 + 0.09 + 22.50 + 12.13
Tech/Media/Telecom 6239.78 + 5.49 + 0.09 + 19.11 + 13.76
Energy 12870.17 ◊ 32.90 ◊ 0.25 + 18.84 + 3.71
Financial 4884.95 + 7.32 + 0.15 + 28.48 + 20.23
Healthcare 8084.92 + 11.90 + 0.15 + 25.68 + 14.75
American Exch 2485.36 ◊ 3.52 ◊ 0.14 + 20.76 + 9.09
Wilshire 5000 15248.45 ◊ 6.11 ◊ 0.04 + 27.30 + 15.61
Value Line Arith 3094.94 + 0.76 + 0.02 + 27.48 + 14.81
Russell 2000 842.86 ◊ 1.79 ◊ 0.21 + 28.07 + 13.76
Phila Gold & Silver 191.53 ◊ 1.97 ◊ 1.02 + 2.49 + 6.03
Phila Semiconductor 383.28 ◊ 0.37 ◊ 0.10 + 9.27 + 5.17
KBW Bank 51.39 ◊ 0.05 ◊ 0.10 + 44.60 + 30.50
Phila Oil Service 219.97 ◊ 1.19 ◊ 0.54 + 14.14 + 1.71
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
CONSUMER RATES
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.84 3.45
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.34 4.14
30-yr fixed 3.44 4.12
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.02 4.83
5/1 adj. rate 2.96 3.07
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.84 3.17
1-year adj. rate 4.82 2.95
Mortgages
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
$75K line good credit* 4.23 4.31% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.22 4.23
$75K loan good credit* 5.25 5.62
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.17 5.45
Home Equity
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
36-mo. used car 3.64 4.63% %
60-mo. new car 3.27 4.36
A
uto Loan Rates
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Money-market 0.50 0.55% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.52 0.62
6-month CD 0.48 0.51
1-year CD 0.73 0.80
2-year CD 0.86 0.92
5-year IRA CD 1.42 1.74
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Home
Yesterday
Year
Ago
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
GOVERNMENT BONDS
0
1
2
3
4%
3
6
2
5
10
30
Months Years
Maturity
Yest.
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
Y
ield Curve
0
1
2
3
4%
2012
2011
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
INVESTMENT GRADE
FINRA TRACE CORPORATE BOND DATA
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5386 3836 1359 191
Advances 2400 1569 724 107
Declines 2723 2155 498 70
Unchanged 153 57 85 11
52 Week High 444 297 128 19
52 Week Low 62 42 20 0
Dollar Volume
*
14,175 8,590 4,707 877
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Goldman Sachs Group (gs.Xv) 6.750 Oct ‘37 baa1 a– 114.253 108.750 110.827 –0.642 5.915
Citigroup (c.Aly) 4.500 Jan ‘22 baa2 a 112.243 110.489 111.829 0.211 3.025
Amgen (amgn.Hg) 5.150 Nov ‘41 baa1 bbb 112.864 110.893 110.893 –0.940 4.471
SLM Medium Term nts (slm) 3.875 Sep ‘15 n.A. Bbb– 109.563 103.688 103.875 0.062 2.488
Transocean (rig) 3.800 Oct ‘22 baa3 bbb– 102.377 101.082 102.335 0.621 3.515
General Elec Cap Medium Term (ge.Hpg) 1.875 Sep ‘13 a1 101.429 100.693 100.693 –0.673 1.124
JPMorgan Chase & Co (jpm) 3.250 Sep ‘22 a2 104.424 102.046 102.578 –0.149 2.949
Clorox co (clx) 3.050 Sep ‘22 baa1 bbb+ 102.356 101.880 102.356 0.018 2.771
Bank of America (BAC.HDV) 5.650 May ‘18 Baa2 A 117.473 115.500 115.847 –0.465 2.570
Kohls (KSS.GI) 6.875 Dec ‘37 Baa1 BBB+ 131.524 130.653 131.524 0.337 4.721
HIGH YIELD
Eksportfinans a s a Medium Term (ekfp.Ap) 2.000 Sep ‘15 ba1 94.500 94.375 94.375 0.375 4.057
Forest Oil (fst.Go) 7.250 Jun ‘19 b2 101.500 99.250 99.250 –2.000 7.391
Harrahs Oper (mlet) 10.000 Dec ‘18 n.A. Cc 66.900 66.000 66.000 0.250 19.750
GMAC (ally) 7.500 Dec ‘13 b1 bb– 107.010 106.400 106.400 –0.190 2.150
Sunoco (sun.Gh) 5.750 Jan ‘17 ba2 bb+ 111.000 108.900 110.000 –1.200 3.218
Transdigm (tdg.Ag) 7.750 Dec ‘18 b3 b– 109.938 109.750 109.750 0.000 4.694
ATP Oil & Gas (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 wr 19.774 18.150 19.000 0.125 N.A.
Lamar Media (lamr) 5.875 Feb ‘22 b1 106.000 105.000 106.000 0.250 4.887
Texas Competitive Electric Holdings (txu.Li) 10.250 Nov ‘15 ca c 27.600 25.500 25.750 –0.730 75.381
Sprint Cap (S.GJ) 6.875 Nov ‘28 B3 B+ 97.016 90.133 94.000 1.000 7.523
CONVERTIBLES
Netapp (ntap.Gb) 1.750 Jun ‘13 n.A. 110.807 109.092 109.938 –0.580 –12.678
Cemex SAB de CV (cx) 3.250 Mar ‘16 n.A. 108.500 106.375 107.155 1.905 1.117
Medicis Pharmaceutical (mrx) 1.375 Jun ‘17 n.A. 107.820 106.500 107.820 0.120 –0.298
Intel (intc.Gd) 2.950 Dec ‘35 n.A. N.A. 110.250 109.250 109.562 0.464 2.409
Gilead Sciences (gild.Gl) 1.625 May ‘16 n.A. 163.000 161.963 161.963 –0.506 –11.858
Novellus Sys (lrcx) 2.625 May ‘41 n.A. 113.250 112.600 113.125 1.813 2.019
SBA Communications (sbac.Aa) 4.000 Oct ‘14 n.A. 217.746 215.876 215.907 2.907 –32.935
Cemex SAB de CV (cx.Gr) 4.875 Mar ‘15 n.A. 105.163 103.250 104.612 1.987 2.893
Gilead Sciences (gild.Gm) 1.000 May ‘14 n.A. 158.196 157.000 157.154 –0.249 –26.300
Medtronic (mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 a1 n.A. 100.850 100.750 100.840 0.020 –0.001
0
2
4
6
8
10%
2012
2011
Yields
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield +6.67%
invest. grade +3.22%
– 5
0
+ 5
+10
+15
+20%
2012
2011
52-week Total Returns
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield +17.51%
invest. grade +11.39%
ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Source: Bloomberg
5-YEAR HISTORY
%+10
–20
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
A
ug. ’12 %+6.5
July ’12 +9.3
%+10
0
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
A
ug. ’12 %+3.7
July ’12 +4.1
–20
–70
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
July ’12 –42.0
June ’12 –41.9
14
4
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
A
ug. ’12 6.1
July ’12 6.4
60
30
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
Sept. ’12 51.5
Aug. ’12 49.6
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
T-BILLS
3-mo.
6-mo.
BONDS & NOTES
2-yr.
5-yr.
10-yr.
30-yr.
TREASURY INFLATION BONDS
5-yr.
10-yr.
20-yr.
30-yr.
Jan 13 ◊ ◊ 0.10 0.10 –.00 0.10
Apr 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.14 –.00 0.14
Apr 17 [ 108-09 108-12 –0-03 -1.63
Jul 22 [ 109-21 109-26 –0-16 -0.82
Jan 29 2ø 143-26 144-03 –0-30 -0.16
Feb 42 } 109-30 110-12 –1-16 0.39
Sep 14 ü ◊ 99.98 99.98 –0.03 0.26
Sep 17 | ◊ 99.75 99.77 –0.22 0.68
Aug 22 1| ◊ 98.94 98.95 –0.62 1.74
Aug 42 2} ◊ 95.66 95.69 –1.59 2.97
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS
Bank of Am (BAC) 9.32 ◊0.09 ◊1.0 2033093
Zynga Inc (ZNGA) 2.48 ◊0.34 ◊11.9 1319918
Sprint Nex (S) 5.20 +0.11 +2.2 718208
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.69 ◊0.01 ◊0.4 521042
Citigroup (C) 34.77 ◊0.19 ◊0.5 423548
Microsoft (MSFT) 29.85 ◊0.18 ◊0.6 411317
Ford Motor (F) 10.16 +0.05 +0.5 406028
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 14.73 ◊0.21 ◊1.4 405401
Facebook I (FB) 20.91 ◊1.04 ◊4.7 404810
Intel Corp (INTC) 22.68 +0.22 +1.0 383440
General El (GE) 23.12 +0.17 +0.7 380544
MetroPCS C (PCS) 12.65 ◊0.04 ◊0.3 378362
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 31.39 ◊0.50 ◊1.6 312389
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 18.86 ◊0.04 ◊0.2 277475
Cell Thera (CTIC) 1.53 ◊0.51 ◊24.9 264064
Wells Farg (WFC) 35.84 ◊0.13 ◊0.4 261811
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 25.52 +0.17 +0.7 246473
Vringo Inc (VRNG) 4.54 ◊0.71 ◊13.5 236843
JPMorgan C (JPM) 41.71 ◊0.11 ◊0.3 227343
American I (AIG) 35.23 +0.28 +0.8 218293
Primero Mi (PPP) 7.37 +1.97 +36.5 75906
FleetMatic (FLTX) 22.30 +5.30 +31.2 76459
Xenoport I (XNPT) 12.86 +1.71 +15.3 12649
CUI Global (CUI) 6.30 +0.70 +12.5 1954
Alexza Pha (ALXA) 5.55 +0.52 +10.3 18018
CTI Indust (CTIB) 5.05 +0.47 +10.3 161
Celsion Co (CLSN) 5.94 +0.52 +9.6 16960
Groupon In (GRPN) 5.25 +0.45 +9.4 181801
WisdomTree (WETF) 6.89 +0.54 +8.5 11189
Sunesis Ph (SNSS) 6.29 +0.45 +7.7 32564
Exa Corp (EXA) 12.92 +0.90 +7.5 118
Avon Produ (AVP) 17.39 +1.17 +7.2 129816
B Communic (BCOM) 5.38 +0.36 +7.2 391
Tangoe Inc (TNGO) 13.65
+0.90 +7.1 8576
Repros The (RPRX) 16.32 +1.07 +7.0 3325
Fonar Corp (FONR) 5.57 +0.36 +6.9 3475
JTH Holdin (TAX) 14.52 +0.86 +6.3 1232
Intermec I (IN) 6.49 +0.37 +6.0 6030
VeriFone S (PAY) 31.37 +1.78 +6.0 94273
Leap Wirel (LEAP) 6.18 +0.33 +5.6 54477
Southwest (SGB) 8.06 ◊1.44 ◊15.2 6
Inteliquen (IQNT) 7.70 ◊1.36 ◊15.0 13998
Mercury Co (MRCY) 8.30 ◊1.34 ◊13.9 15385
Datalink C (DTLK) 7.43 ◊1.15 ◊13.4 8059
First Sola (FSLR) 20.07 ◊2.48 ◊11.0 150171
LifeLock I (LOCK) 7.32 ◊0.87 ◊10.6 24904
Liquidity (LQDT) 42.30 ◊4.49 ◊9.6 15086
Sarepta Th (SRPT) 34.30 ◊3.62 ◊9.5 68205
Saba Softw (SABA) 9.46 ◊0.99 ◊9.5 1962
Monster Wo (MWW) 7.30 ◊0.75 ◊9.3 97400
KiOR Inc (KIOR) 7.25 ◊0.67 ◊8.5 1734
NCI Inc (NCIT) 5.70 ◊0.48 ◊7.8 1514
Bank of Ne (BKJ) 10.25 ◊0.80 ◊7.2 94
Flotek Ind (FTK) 12.05 ◊0.90 ◊6.9 13569
Spherix In (SPEX) 8.50 ◊0.63 ◊6.9 9
M/A-COM Te (MTSI) 11.95 ◊0.82 ◊6.4 624
Green Moun (GMCR) 22.13 ◊1.50 ◊6.4 91303
CPI Aerost (CVU) 10.32 ◊0.66 ◊6.0 693
FXCM Inc (FXCM) 9.59 ◊0.61 ◊6.0 3613
ChipMOS Te (IMOS) 15.06 ◊0.94 ◊5.9 3169
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
20 MOST ACTIVE 20 TOP GAINERS 20 TOP LOSERS
FUTURES
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Norway (Krone) .1761 5.6771
Poland (Zloty) .3199 3.1261
Russia (Ruble) .0323 30.9953
Sweden (Krona) .1516 6.5980
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0755 .9298
Turkey (Lira) .5546 1.8031
Argentina (Peso) .2124 4.7075
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4926 2.0300
Canada (Dollar) 1.0220 .9785
Chile (Peso) .0021 472.75
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1796.5
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0255 39.2300
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1253 7.9810
Honduras (Lempira) .0508 19.6900
Mexico (Peso) .0782 12.7867
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0419 23.8473
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4410.0
Peru (New Sol) .3855 2.5942
Uruguay (New Peso) .0494 20.2500
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6529 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1642 6.0910
Iran (Rial) .0001 12235
Israel (Shekel) .2593 3.8559
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4148 .7068
Kenya (Shilling) .0118 84.8000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5651 .2805
MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA
AMERICAS
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.55 121.90 Dec 12 125.68 126.38 125.43 126.20 + 0.50 130,162
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 86.00 70.05 Dec 12 76.50 76.80 75.75 76.55 + 0.50 103,351
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2407.00 2420.00 2375.00 2382.00 ◊ 13.00 91,877
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 175.05 176.55 167.70 168.10 ◊ 6.95 77,984
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 25.39 14.70 Feb 13 21.62 21.66 21.02 21.54 ◊ 0.06 373,124
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 756.50 758.25 746.25 748.00 ◊ 9.00 603,507
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1789.00 914.00 Nov 12 1552.00 1569.50 1544.50 1551.50 0.00 292,095
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 870.00 872.75 856.25 857.50 ◊ 11.75 239,636
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 112.21 73.14 Oct 12 91.51 91.71 89.01 89.88 ◊ 1.83 272,776
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.35 2.33 Oct 12 3.18 3.19 3.13 3.16 ◊ 0.03 90,532
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 3.41 3.44 3.34 3.40 ◊ 0.01 269,460
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85 euros
2012
’11
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7675
70
80
90
100
110
$120
2012
’11
Crude Oil
$89.88 a barrel
74
76
78
80
82
84yen
2012
’11
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.70
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1146 8.7292
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6729
S&P 100 STOCKS
Prices
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
+
or ·
–
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 73.08 95.20 94.96 + 0.53 + 30.93 + 16.2
Abbott Lab (ABT) 51.39 71.91 71.61 + 0.83 + 40.11 + 27.4
Accenture (ACN) 51.08 71.79 70.74 ◊ 0.65 + 28.97 + 32.9
Allstate C (ALL) 23.72 41.18 40.98 + 0.16 + 69.76 + 49.5
Altria Group (MO) 26.80 36.29 34.00 0.00 + 28.30 + 14.7
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 264.11 258.51 ◊ 1.96 + 17.77 + 49.3
American Electric (AEP) 36.97 44.84 44.22 ◊ 0.24 + 19.38 + 7.0
American Express (AXP) 43.27 61.42 58.56 + 0.19 + 34.90 + 24.1
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 54.59 87.45 86.94 + 0.55 + 55.44 + 35.4
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 69.05 ◊ 0.76 + 5.45 ◊ 9.5
Apache Cor (APA) 77.93 112.09 85.89 ◊ 0.63 + 3.61 ◊ 5.2
”
Apple Inc (AAPL) 363.32 705.07 652.59 ◊ 14.21 + 72.53 + 61.1
AT&T Inc (T) 27.41 38.58 37.86 ◊ 0.04 + 33.73 + 25.2
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 61.90 43.49 ◊ 0.49 ◊ 10.90 ◊ 10.6
”
Bank of America (BAC) 4.92 10.10 9.32 ◊ 0.09 + 61.53 + 67.6
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.61 24.95 23.42 + 0.09 + 28.12 + 17.6
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 61.98 61.93 + 0.18 + 13.74 + 25.2
Berkshire (BRKb) 71.64 90.76 90.42 + 0.06 + 23.47 + 18.5
Boeing Company (BA) 61.33 77.83 70.89 + 0.95 + 18.23 ◊ 3.4
Bristol-Myers (BMY) 30.10 36.34 33.64 ◊ 0.05 + 2.78 ◊ 4.5
Capital One (COF) 39.14 60.05 59.00 ◊ 0.53 + 49.67 + 39.5
”
Caterpillar (CAT) 74.70 116.95 85.43 ◊ 0.53 + 15.04 ◊ 5.7
Chevron Corp (CVX) 92.29 118.53 117.50 + 0.35 + 24.13 + 10.4
Cisco Systems (CSCO) 14.96 21.30 18.86 ◊ 0.04 + 16.71 + 4.3
”
Citigroup (C) 23.30 38.40 34.77 ◊ 0.19 + 40.71 + 32.2
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 32.37 40.66 38.58 + 0.25 + 17.75 + 10.3
Colgate-Palmolive (CL) 86.19 109.84 108.45 ◊ 0.01 + 21.17 + 17.4
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 20.90 36.98 36.54 + 0.04 + 68.93 + 54.1
ConocoPhil (COP) 48.37 59.68 57.58 + 0.18 + 18.15 + 3.7
Costco Wholesale (COST) 78.72 103.51 101.79 + 0.31 + 26.84 + 22.2
CVS Caremark (CVS) 33.62 49.23 48.86 ◊ 0.02 + 46.86 + 19.8
”Dell Inc (DELL) 9.35 18.36 9.66 + 0.20 ◊ 37.19 ◊ 34.0
Devon Energy (DVN) 54.01 76.34 60.02 ◊ 0.80 + 6.53 ◊ 3.2
Dow Chemical (DOW) 24.34 36.08 29.20 + 0.02 + 19.18 + 1.5
E. I. du Pont (DD) 41.40 53.98 50.35 + 0.60 + 22.18 + 10.0
eBay Inc (EBAY) 28.15 50.64 48.73 ◊ 0.76 + 59.61 + 60.7
Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.46 48.95 48.23 ◊ 0.53 + 30.25 + 16.0
EMC Corp (EMC) 21.25 30.00 27.29 + 0.10 + 26.28 + 26.7
Emerson El (EMR) 43.58 53.78 49.19 + 0.14 + 13.68 + 5.6
Exelon Cor (EXC) 34.54 45.45 35.91 ◊ 0.15 ◊ 11.83 ◊ 17.2
Exxon Mobil (XOM) 73.03 93.00 92.55 + 0.33 + 25.15 + 9.2
FedEx Corp (FDX) 70.88 97.19 86.47 ◊ 0.06 + 22.81 + 3.5
”Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 10.16 + 0.05 ◊ 3.79 ◊ 5.6
”Freeport-M (FCX) 31.08 48.96 40.51 + 0.06 + 17.69 + 10.1
General Dynamics (GD) 58.96 74.54 67.29 + 0.47 + 16.60 + 1.3
General Electric (GE) 14.68 23.18 23.12 + 0.17 + 51.41 + 29.1
Gilead Sciences (GILD) 34.45 70.39 69.43 ◊ 0.24 + 77.34 + 69.6
Goldman Sachs (GS) 86.90 128.72 119.31 ◊ 0.59 + 26.54 + 31.9
Google Inc (GOOG) 510.30 774.38 767.65 ◊ 0.40 + 52.10 + 18.8
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 49.75 58.31 57.09 + 0.29 + 14.89 + 5.6
”Halliburton (HAL) 26.28 40.43 33.42 ◊ 0.55 + 3.21 ◊ 3.2
”Hewlett-Packard (HPQ) 14.24 30.00 14.73 ◊ 0.21 ◊ 38.26 ◊ 42.8
Home Depot (HD) 33.48 63.20 63.20 + 1.46 + 92.51 + 50.3
Honeywell (HON) 45.04 62.00 61.43 + 0.16 + 38.45 + 13.0
Intel Corp (INTC) 21.91 29.27 22.68 + 0.22 + 3.80 ◊ 6.5
International (IBM) 176.17 211.79 210.59 + 0.20 + 19.08 + 14.5
Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) 61.05 69.75 69.65 + 0.38 + 11.71 + 6.2
JPMorgan Chase (JPM) 28.28 46.49 41.71 ◊ 0.11 + 35.25 + 25.4
Lockheed Martin (LMT) 72.37 94.90 94.37
◊ 0.15 + 30.18 + 16.7
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 20.05 32.29 31.77 + 0.82 + 60.94 + 25.2
MasterCard (MA) 309.29 483.00 475.27 + 0.69 + 51.68 + 27.5
McDonald’s (MCD) 85.92 102.22 91.00 ◊ 0.03 + 6.02 ◊ 9.3
Medtronic (MDT) 32.26 44.79 44.67 + 0.65 + 38.47 + 16.8
Merck & Co (MRK) 31.57 46.50 46.28 + 0.16 + 47.11 + 22.8
”Metlife Inc (MET) 27.60 39.55 35.16 + 0.14 + 20.41 + 12.8
Microsoft (MSFT) 24.30 32.95 29.85 ◊ 0.18 + 15.30 + 15.0
Mondelez I (MDLZ) 21.93 28.48 27.81 ◊ 0.25 + 29.23 + 13.8
Monsanto C (MON) 67.09 92.18 91.16 + 0.52 + 37.60 + 30.1
”Morgan Stanley (MS) 12.26 21.19 17.50 + 0.03 + 20.86 + 15.7
National O (NOV) 57.83 89.95 79.92 ◊ 0.42 + 45.02 + 17.5
News Corp (NWSA) 15.93 25.45 25.19 + 0.16 + 57.63 + 41.2
Nike Inc (NKE) 85.10 114.81 95.22 ◊ 0.67 + 8.45 ◊ 1.2
Norfolk Southern (NSC) 62.82 78.50 66.90 + 0.72 + 5.65 ◊ 8.2
Occidental (OXY) 76.59 106.68 85.01 ◊ 0.38 + 12.27 ◊ 9.3
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.81 31.39 ◊ 0.50 + 6.37 + 22.4
PepsiCo Inc (PEP) 60.51 73.66 71.10 + 0.23 + 17.93 + 7.2
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 18.15 25.59 25.52 + 0.17 + 41.94 + 17.9
Philip Morris (PM) 64.60 94.13 93.74 + 0.43 + 48.11 + 19.4
Procter & Gamble (PG) 59.07 69.97 69.63 + 0.25 + 9.93 + 4.4
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 49.64 68.87 62.64 ◊ 0.01 + 23.38 + 14.5
Raytheon C (RTN) 40.56 58.68 55.48 + 0.16 + 38.80 + 14.7
Schlumberg (SLB) 59.12 80.78 71.49 ◊ 0.18 + 16.09 + 4.7
Simon Property (SPG) 109.38 164.17 152.71 + 0.12 + 39.59 + 18.4
Southern C (SO) 42.02 48.59 45.97 0.00 + 11.23 ◊ 0.7
”Starbucks (SBUX) 38.56 62.00 48.74 ◊ 0.36 + 28.09 + 5.9
Target Corp (TGT) 47.25 65.80 64.18 + 0.53 + 28.98 + 25.3
Texas Instruments (TXN) 26.06 34.24 28.16 + 0.26 ◊ 0.14 ◊ 3.3
Time Warner (TWX) 30.76 46.56 46.18 + 0.35 + 49.26 + 27.8
U.S. Bancorp (USB) 23.18 35.46 34.92 ◊ 0.27 + 48.91 + 29.1
Union Pacific (UNP) 87.87 129.27 122.16 + 0.59 + 41.34 + 15.3
United Parcel (UPS) 65.51 81.79 73.10 + 0.13 + 11.48 ◊ 0.1
United Tec (UTX) 70.41 87.50 78.51 ◊ 0.02 + 12.79 + 7.4
UnitedHeal (UNH) 42.86 60.75 57.13 ◊ 0.84 + 28.53 + 12.7
Verizon Co (VZ) 35.32 48.77 47.05 + 0.30 + 31.53 + 17.3
Visa Inc (V) 85.77 141.59 140.26 + 0.59 + 65.03 + 38.1
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 52.90 75.50 75.13 + 0.41 + 42.70 + 25.7
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.34 36.13 ◊ 0.24 + 9.39 + 9.3
Walt Disney (DIS) 31.61 53.40 52.97 + 0.34 + 68.11 + 41.3
Wells Fargo (WFC) 23.19 36.60 35.84 ◊ 0.13 + 46.29 + 30.0
Williams C (WMB) 20.34 37.56 35.95 ◊ 0.24 + 77.88 + 33.3
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes: nytimes.com/markets
U
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
LARGEST FUNDS
+11.4 +18.2 +2.0 519 519 497 American Funds Inc Fund of Amer A (AMECX) MA +11.7 +21.4 +2.2 0.59 56,646
Franklin Income A (FKINX) CA +12.5 +24.0 +3.5 0.63 40,234
Vanguard Wellington Adm (VWENX) MA +12.8 +21.4 +4.0 0.17 37,273
American Funds American Balanced A (ABALX) MA +14.2 +22.2 +3.2 0.64 33,652
Vanguard Wellesley Income Adm (VWIAX) CA +10.0 +16.9 +6.9 0.18 20,561
Vanguard Target Retirement 2025 Inv (VTTVX) TG +12.7 +20.6 +1.5 * 20,021
Oakmark Equity & Income I (OAKBX) MA +8.7 +17.8 +3.9 0.78 17,890
Permanent Portfolio (PRPFX) CA +7.7 +9.7 +7.9 0.71 17,397
Vanguard Target Retirement 2015 Inv (VTXVX) TD +10.8 +17.2 +2.7 * 16,838
Vanguard Target Retirement 2020 Inv (VTWNX) TE +11.8 +18.9 +2.1 * 16,077
Fidelity Puritan (FPURX) MA +14.8 +21.8 +2.9 0.59 15,736
Fidelity Balanced (FBALX) MA +13.7 +20.3 +2.2 0.60 15,224
Vanguard STAR Inv (VGSTX) MA +12.3 +19.2 +2.8 * 14,833
Fidelity Freedom 2020 (FFFDX) TE +11.9 +18.0 +1.2 * 14,258
Vanguard Target Retirement 2035 Inv (VTTHX) TI +14.5 +23.7 +0.6 * 14,220
T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation (PRWCX) MA +13.9 +24.1 +4.7 0.72 13,124
Dodge & Cox Balanced (DODBX) MA +16.2 +24.9 +0.9 0.53 12,680
Vanguard Target Retirement 2030 Inv (VTHRX) TH +13.6 +22.1 +0.9 * 12,646
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 (TRRBX) TE +14.2 +22.5 +2.2 * 12,305
Fidelity Freedom 2030 (FFFEX) TH +13.7 +21.1 ◊0.1 * 10,954
JHancock2 Lifestyle Balanced 1 (JILBX) MA +13.0 +20.1 +2.3 0.11 10,906
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 (TRRCX) TH +15.9 +25.2 +1.4 * 10,374
JHancock2 Lifestyle Growth 1 (JILGX) AL +14.4 +22.8 +0.7 0.11 10,259
JPMorgan SmartRetirement 2040 Instl (SMTIX) TJ +15.8 +26.7 +1.5 0.04 448
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 (TRRDX) TJ +16.5 +26.3 +1.2 * 6,810
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 (TRRNX) TL +16.5 +26.3 +1.2 * 429
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 (TRRKX) TK +16.6 +26.2 +1.2 * 2,969
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 (TRRMX) TN +16.5 +26.2 +1.2 * 1,501
T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 (TRRJX) TI +16.4 +26.1 +1.2 * 5,416
T. Rowe Price Personal Strat Growth (TRSGX) AL +16.5 +26.0 +1.7 0.73 1,162
TIAA-CREF Lifecycle 2040 Retire (TCLOX) TJ +16.0 +26.0 ◊0.2 0.25 950
Lord Abbett Calibrated Dividend Gr A (LAMAX) AL +14.5 +25.7 +2.2 0.65 877
TIAA-CREF Lifecycle 2035 Retire (TCLRX) TI +15.6 +25.5 ◊0.2 0.25 662
Schwab Target 2040 (SWERX) TJ +15.6 +25.4 +1.7 * 421
Mairs & Power Balanced Inv (MAPOX) MA +15.9 +25.3 +4.8 0.74 246
LEADERS
LAGGARDS
Hussman Strategic Total Return (HSTRX) CA +2.0 +2.8 +6.0 0.63 2,432
Oppenheimer Flexible Strategies C (QOPCX) MA +4.1 +3.2 ◊1.0 2.58 140
SunAmerica Focused Multi-Asset Strat B (FMABX) CA +3.2 +4.8 ◊2.9 0.87 56
BPV Core Diversification (BPVDX) CA +5.0 +5.8 NA 1.00 63
Nationwide Inv Dest Cnsrv Svc (NDCSX) CA +4.8 +7.3 +3.2 0.63 222
Wells Fargo Advantage DJ Target 2010 (WFLGX) TA +5.7 +8.3 +3.8 0.83 218
Fidelity Advisor Freedom Inc T (FTAFX) RI +5.8 +8.4 +3.1 0.50 54
Calamos Convertible C (CCVCX) CV +5.1 +8.5 +1.4 1.86 430
AllianceBern Cnsrv Wlth Strat B (ABPBX) CA +5.6 +8.5 +1.1 1.75 75
American Beacon Retire Inc & Apprec Inv (AANPX) RI +6.4 +8.7 +5.4 1.09 162
Fidelity Freedom Income (FFFAX) RI +6.3 +8.9 +3.5 * 2,294
Fidelity Freedom 2000 (FFFBX) TA +6.2 +8.9 +3.0 * 1,106
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
MUTUAL FUNDS SPOTLIGHT: CONVERTIBLE BOND AND DOMESTIC HYBRID FUNDS
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source: Bankrate.com
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: AL
-Aggressive Allocation. CA
-Conservative Allocation. CV
-Convertibles. MA
-Moderate Allocation. RI
-Retirement Income. TA
-Target-Date 2000-2010. TD
-Target-
Date 2011-2015. TE
-Target-Date 2016-2020. TG
-Target-Date 2021-2025. TH
-Target-Date 2026-2030. TI
-Target-Date 2031-2035. TJ
-Target-Date 2036-2040. TK
-Target-Date 2041-2045. TL
-Target-Date 2050+. TN
-Target-Date 2046-2050. NA
-Not Available. YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
B8
N K
OBITUARIES
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
By WILLIAM YARDLEY
Sam Steiger, a New Yorker
who transformed himself into a
Western rancher, served five
terms in the House as a Repub-
lican from Arizona and barged
brashly through a series of scan-
dals and controversies, died on
Sept. 26 in Prescott, Ariz. He was
83.
The cause was complications
of a stroke, his son Gail said.
Mr. Steiger cultivated an im-
age of not worrying about his im-
age. “You either liked him or you
didn’t,” Gail Steiger said. “There
wasn’t much middle ground.”
In 1975, Mr. Steiger outraged
environmentalists and school-
children when he shot two burros
that he said had charged him. In
1976, Don Bolles, a prominent in-
vestigative reporter, was mur-
dered while pursuing what he be-
lieved was a tip related to pos-
sible corruption involving Mr.
Steiger, who was running for the
Senate that year. The killing played into a bitter
primary campaign, even though
Mr. Steiger and Mr. Bolles had
been friends and the police said
he was not under investigation.
Mr. Steiger won the primary, but
the Republican Party remained
divided; he lost the general elec-
tion to Dennis DeConcini, a Dem-
ocrat.
Although Mr. Steiger’s political
career may have peaked, it was
far from over. He left Congress in
1977, lost a campaign for the State
Senate in 1978 and then a bid for
governor in 1982, in which he ran
as a libertarian and supported le-
galizing marijuana, in direct con-
flict with his former party’s posi-
tion.
David R. Berman, emeritus
professor of political science at
Arizona State University, said
Mr. Steiger had played a role sim-
ilar to that of Senator Barry Gold-
water. “He talked ‘Be Western, be
your own man, speak your own
mind — and maybe think later,’”
Mr. Berman said. “It fit in with
what many Arizonans see them-
selves as: plain-spoken and hon-
est.”
“They didn’t like government,”
he said, “and they didn’t like the
East.”
Headlines kept coming. In
1986, after a paving project cov-
ered up a crosswalk in Prescott
between the Yavapai County
Courthouse and the city’s “Whis-
key Row,” Mr. Steiger repainted
the crosswalk himself. He was ac-
quitted of criminal damage after
25 minutes of jury deliberation. Two years later,he was
charged with a more serious
crime, felony extortion. Mr. Stei-
ger, who was working as a top
aide to Gov. Evan Mecham, was
accused of improperly pressur-
ing a state parole board member
on a board decision. Mr. Mecham,
consumed with his own scandals,
was impeached just before Mr.
Steiger was found guilty. A year
later, after Mr. Steiger was sen-
tenced to probation and commu-
nity service, his conviction was
overturned on appeal.
“There are times when an ex-
ecutive assistant to a governor,
like Steiger, is required to issue
strong directives in order to car-
ry out the policy of the execu-
tive,” a judge wrote in the unani-
mous opinion.
Mr. Steiger ran for governor in
1990 as a Republican and lost
again. He did not win another
campaign until 1999, when he was
elected mayor of Prescott. After mocking environmental-
ists for much of his career — he
said of his sharkskin boots, “I
wear nothing but endangered
species” — Mr. Steiger cam-
paigned in favor of slowing down
the growth that was making
Prescott a portrait of Sun Belt
sprawl.
“By the time he was in his 70s,
he was kind of shaking his head
at all that,” Gail Steiger said of
his father’s aggressive pro-devel-
opment stances. “He said that if
he had that to do over again, he’d
have rethought it.”
Samuel Steiger was born on
March 10, 1929, in New York City
to Lewis and Rebecca Steiger.
Lewis Steiger ran a men’s cloth-
ing business. Besides his son
Gail, Mr. Steiger’s survivors in-
clude Gail’s twin brother, Lewis;
a daughter, Delia Whitehead;
and a grandson. His two mar-
riages ended in divorce. When Mr. Steiger was 14, his
parents took him West for a vaca-
tion on a dude ranch. The city kid
was enthralled. “He was hooked by the horses
and the cows and the big sky, the
difference between the Western
sensibilities and the Eastern sen-
sibilities,” said Joyce E. Downey,
a close friend and political con-
sultant.
At his mother’s insistence, he
attended Cornell University for
two years, but he transferred to
Colorado A&M University, where
he graduated. He served in the
Army during the Korean War,
earning a Bronze Star, a Silver
Star and a Purple Heart. He
bought a ranch in Prescott after
the war.
Even as a less colorful and
more socially conservative breed
of Republican would rise in the
West, Mr. Steiger maintained po-
litical appeal. Senator John Mc-
Cain hired him to work in his
Phoenix office in the 1990s, in
part to improve relations with
ranchers and rural voters.
Ms. Downey said that most Ar-
izonans either did not know or
did not remember that Mr. Stei-
ger was from New York. “They
thought he just sprang up out of
the Arizona dirt,” she said.
Sam Steiger, 83, Lawmaker and Lightning Rod, Dies
MATT YORK/ASSOCIATED PRESS Sam Steiger in 2000, the year after he was elected mayor of
Prescott, Ariz. Earlier, Mr. Steiger, a Republican, had represent-
ed his Arizona district in the House for five terms.
A young man went
West, embracing its
politics and its way of
life entirely.
By PAUL VITELLO
The ideas of the Austrian-born
philosopher Martin Buber were
highly influential in post-World
War II America. They inspired in-
terfaith alliances that helped
seed the civil rights and antiwar
movements. They influenced
Paul Tillich and Reinhold Nie-
buhr, the favorite philosophers of
some recent presidents. The Rev.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. quoted
Buber in 1963 in his “Letter From
Birmingham Jail.”
But until 1956, when Maurice S.
Friedman published a broad sur-
vey of Buber’s work, few Ameri-
cans besides professors and di-
vinity students had ever heard of
him. The book, “Martin Buber: The
Life of Dialogue,” marked the
first effort to explain and pop-
ularize the humanistic and reli-
gious concepts Buber intermar-
ried in his often abstruse work. It
largely achieved its purpose,
helped along by two pages de-
voted to it and its subject in Time
magazine and positive reviews.
Writing in The New York Times,
Niebuhr called the book “a real
contribution to American cul-
ture.” Mr. Friedman, who died at 90
on Sept. 25, wrote a dozen more
books about Buber’s work, in-
cluding what is still considered
the definitive English-language
biography, a three-volume work
published in the early 1980s.
In the 1950s, his English trans-
lations of Buber’s essays from
the original German made many
of them available in the United
States for the first time. They
found a receptive audience
among Protestant ministers,
Jewish social activists and others
poised to join the emerging civil
rights movement.
Buber (1878-1965) was an icon-
oclast whose ideas were de-
scribed as equal parts theology,
anthropology, politics and mysti-
cism. He combined insights from
biblical prophecy with a social
worker’s concern for human
events in the here and now. He
dismissed formal religious dog-
ma as “the great enemy of man-
kind” and assigned responsibility
for the fate of the world to each
person living in it.
“Dialogue,” he said, was the
fundamental event of daily life,
either in the form of “I-it” dia-
logue between humans and ob-
jects, or “I-thou” dialogue be-
tween people, among communi-
ties and between each person
and God. Dialogues defined hu-
man history, he said, and the
quality of them would determine
humanity’s future.
In “Letter From Birmingham
Jail,” King applied the concept to
race relations in America. He
wrote: “Segregation, to use the
terminology of the Jewish philos-
opher Martin Buber, substitutes
an “I-it” relationship for an
“I-thou” relationship, and ends
up relegating persons to the sta-
tus of things.”
Paul Mendes-Flohr, a Buber
scholar and professor of modern
Jewish history and thought at the
University of Chicago Divinity
School, said that Mr. Friedman’s
work was a bridge between the
radical intellectual ferment in
Germany between the two world
wars and the cultural revolution
in America during the 1960s.
“When Martin Luther King Jr.
first became familiar with Bu-
ber,” Professor Mendes-Flohr
added, “it would almost certainly
have been through Friedman’s
work.” Mr. Friedman was at work on a
memoir about his own extended
dialogue with Buber when he
died, apparently of a heart attack,
at his home in Solana Beach,
Calif., his daughter, Dvora Daw-
son, said.
Buber’s ideas about communi-
cation and social action influ-
enced humanistic Protestant
theologians like Tillich and Nie-
buhr, who in turn have been cited
as influences by Presidents Jim-
my Carter, Bill Clinton and
Barack Obama. They also pro-
vided an intellectual framework
for interfaith organizations like
the National Conference of Chris-
tians and Jews, which was at the
forefront of civil rights work. Mr. Friedman’s first book on
Buber, adapted from his doctoral
dissertation at the University of
Chicago, was enhanced by a per-
sonal relationship that began in
1950 with a letter he wrote to Bu-
ber about his dissertation work.
Buber was living in Israel by
then, having left Germany in 1937
for what was then known as Brit-
ish Palestine. The letter was
hand-delivered by Mr. Fried-
man’s mother, Fannie. “My mother was going to Is-
rael that year and took along a
letter I wrote to him,” Mr. Fried-
man said in a 1984 interview with
The Times.According to family
lore, she travelled many hours by
bus over hot, dusty roads to ac-
complish the mission. Mr. Fried-
man maintained the relationship
— what he called “the focus of my
life” — in many personal visits
and exchanges of correspond-
ence until Buber’s death. In his preface to the fourth edi-
tion of “Dialogue,” published in
2002, Mr. Friedman wrote: “If I
have had some share in Buber’s
becoming so well-known in the
English-speaking world in the
last 45 years, it is not because I
have accepted his thought uncrit-
ically or on faith, but because I
have made it my own.”
Buber’s thinking, he added,
compelled him “to stretch my
mind, heart and spirit beyond
their usual boundaries.”
Maurice Stanley Friedman was
born on Dec. 29, 1921, in Tulsa,
Okla. His father, Samuel, was a
life insurance salesman. His
mother, a rabbi’s daughter, was a
social activist and voracious
reader whose love of ideas pro-
foundly influenced her son, said
Rosalind Petchesky, a niece of
Mr. Friedman and a professor of
political science at Hunter Col-
lege.
After graduating from Harvard
in 1942 with a degree in literature,
Mr. Friedman was declared a
conscientious objector during
World War II and served with the
Forest Service as a firefighter, or
smoke jumper, parachuting from
airplanes to battle fires in the wil-
derness. He received his Ph.D. in
religion and history from Chicago
in 1950. He went on to teach at
Sarah Lawrence, Manhattanville,
Temple and San Diego State,
among other colleges and uni-
versities. Besides his daughter, survi-
vors include his wife, Aleene; a
son, David; a sister, Roberta Pol-
lack, and a granddaughter.
In his 1984 interview with The
Times,Mr. Friedman was asked
to sum up Buber’s legacy, a body
of work that runs to about 4,000
pages. Demonstrating a disci-
ple’s faith in the power of dia-
logue to bridge any gap between
one person and another, he an-
swered: “He is really saying that if we
don’t allow a genuine ‘We’ to life,
we will destroy ourselves. ‘We’
meaning community, fellowship,
the social principle. He was very
concerned about the nuclear
threat and said that genuine dia-
logue was the only way to sur-
vive.”
Maurice S. Friedman, 90,
Martin Buber’s Biographer
Introducing a
philosopher to an
English-reading
audience.
PAT BONI
Maurice S. Friedman, above,
translated and popularized
Martin Buber, below. ASSOCIATED PRESS By DOUGLAS MARTIN
In the early 1960s, the State De-
partment faced a prickly prob-
lem. Black diplomats from newly
formed African nations were be-
ing denied service at restaurants
along the highways between
Washington and New York and
barred from many of Washing-
ton’s best apartment buildings.
It was Pedro A. Sanjuan’s job
to change that.
Mr. Sanjuan, who died at 82 on
Sept. 28, was a State Department
protocol officer who had to con-
front not only bigoted restaurant
and motel owners but also laws
that sanctioned racial discrimina-
tion.
As a 31-year-old who had
worked on John F. Kennedy’s
presidential campaign, Mr. San-
juan learned of the diplomats’ hu-
miliations soon after joining the
new administration in early 1961.
One African delegate to the Unit-
ed Nations, Mr. Sanjuan was told,
had been barred from an airport
restaurant while passing through
Atlanta and consigned to a stool
in a hangar, where he ate a sand-
wich wrapped in wax paper. The
delegate later became his coun-
try’s prime minister.
As Mr. Sanjuan gathered in-
formation, particularly from a
Washington Post reporter who
was investigating the issue, he
proposed a new office. Attorney
General Robert F. Kennedy, a
friend, supported the idea, and
Mr. Sanjuan became director of
the Special Protocol Service Sec-
tion.
His first battleground was the
Maryland portion of Route 40, a
federal highway. The ambassa-
dors of Chad and Sierra Leone
were among eight diplomats who
had been refused service along
there. The Chad ambassador was
on his way to present his creden-
tials to President Kennedy. The
7-year-old son of a diplomat was
refused a glass of water.
Mr. Sanjuan visited more than
90 restaurants and drive-ins
along the highway, and persuad-
ed about half to serve blacks. He
testified before the Maryland
legislature on behalf of civil
rights legislation. He met with
representatives of the Congress
of Racial Equality, the civil rights
group known as CORE, which
staged protests to pressure the
restaurants. He spoke to civic
groups.
“We pour millions into foreign
aid,” he said. “How senseless it is
to ruin this tremendous effort by
refusing to serve a cup of coffee
to a customer whose skin is
dark.”
The situation festered until the
Maryland legislature passed a
law in 1963 opening public accom-
modations. The landmark federal
Civil Rights Act of 1964 cemented
the progress. Historians say pub-
licity about the diplomats had ac-
celerated these steps.
President Kennedy had first
suggested that the Route 40 prob-
lem could be solved by urging the
Africans to fly, according to Nick
Bryant, a former BBC corre-
spondent, in his 2006 book “The
Bystander: John F. Kennedy and
the Struggle for Black Equality.”
Kennedy later apologized, to indi-
vidual diplomats personally and
to Maryland civic leaders in the
first eight months of 1961, Mr.
Bryant wrote.
In 1962, Mr. Sanjuan prepared
a report saying that of the 211
most desirable apartment build-
ings in Northwest Washington,
only 8 accepted nonwhite diplo-
matic tenants. He invited real estate brokers
to form a committee, and in the
next eight months, 50 requests
for apartments by nonwhite dip-
lomats were filled.
Pedro Arroyo Sanjuan was
born on Aug. 10, 1930, in Havana.
His father, also named Pedro
Sanjuan, was a composer and
conductor who founded the Ha-
vana Philharmonic, since dis-
banded; his mother, Pilar Arroyo
Sanjuan, was a professor and
writer. The family immigrated to
the United States in 1941, and Mr.
Sanjuan became a citizen in 1947. He earned a bachelor’s degree
from Wofford College in Spartan-
burg, S.C., and a master’s degree
in Russian history from Harvard.
He served in the Navy from 1957
to 1959 and spoke nine languages. Mr. Sanjuan held many other
federal positions, including
spokesman for arms control ef-
forts under President Jimmy
Carter and assistant secretary of
the interior under President Ron-
ald Reagan. In 1983, Mr. Sanjuan joined the
United States delegation at the
United Nations as a policy plan-
ner, and in 2005 he published a
book about his experience, titled
“The UN Gang: A Memoir of In-
competence, Corruption, Espio-
nage, Anti-Semitism and Islamic
Extremism at the UN Secretari-
at.” He also wrote satirical books,
one of which, “Dubya & Eddie”
(2002), imagined President
George W. Bush getting advice
from a pet coyote. Mr. Sanjuan
painted in a surrealist-inspired
style and once exhibited his art at
the Corcoran Gallery of Art in
Washington. He also wrote opin-
ion articles for newspapers.
Mr. Sanjuan died at his home in
Somers, N.Y. His wife, the former
Patricia Ann Martin, said the
cause was complications of a
stroke. He is also survived by his
daughters Victoria, Pilar and In-
dia Sanjuan; and six grandchil-
dren.
Mr. Sanjuan’s efforts on behalf
of the African diplomats did not
go unnoticed by American
blacks. Many were appalled and
amused to witness a level of con-
cern for the diplomats’ welfare
that they had never themselves
experienced. The Afro-American, a weekly
newspaper in Baltimore, dressed
two of its reporters in morning
clothes and top hats and a third
in robe and fez, hired a limousine
from an undertaker, and sent
them out on Route 40 to dine.
They were admitted to every
restaurant except one, where
their diplomatic credentials were
demanded.
Pedro A. Sanjuan, 82; Cleared U.S. Path for African Envoys
INDIA SANJUAN
Pedro A. Sanjuan in 1982.
In the ’60s, imploring
businesses to serve
black diplomats.
A slide show highlighting
the lives of some of those who
died in 2012.
nytimes.com/obituaries
ONLINE:NOTABLE DEATHS
Faust, Stanley
Friedman, Seymour
Gasster, Michael
Klauber, Arthur
Lewis, Michael
Neuffer, Colette
Ray, Sylvia
Sulzberger, Arthur
FAUST—Stanley,at home on
October 5,2012.Treasurer of
Dreyfus Corp.Beloved hus-
band of Joan,devoted father
of Lori,Robert,Jennifer,
Michael and the late David.
Cherished brother of Eleanor
Levy,adored grandfather of
seven.Service Sunday,Octo-
ber 7,1pm at"The Riverside,"
76 St.and Amsterdam Ave.
FRIEDMAN—Seymour K.,84,
of Fair Lawn,NJ,died
peacefully on October 2,
2012.Sy was a Bronx-born
graduate of City College.A
chemist by training,he was
a lifelong employee of Witco
Chemical Corp.He is sur-
vived by his beloved wife,
Fran,four children,Barbara,
Michael,William and Nor-
man,and thirteen grandchil-
dren.
GASSTER—Michael.
Professor Emeritus,Chinese
History,Rutgers University,
died September 24.A gather-
ing in his memory will be
held 2pm,October 7 at the
Magill Library,Haverford
College.In lieu of flowers,
donations in his name may
be sent to the Spar Scholar-
ship Fund,Haverford Col-
lege,Haverford,PA 19041.
KLAUBER—Arthur.Wonderful
friend.A companion on golf
trips to Ireland and Scotland.
We will miss you.Sympathy
to Barbara and family.
Francis & Frances Fraenkel
LEWIS—Michael A.,age 73,of
Boynton Beach,FL.and Fair-
field,CT,passed away on Fri-
day,October 05,2012 at
Bridgeport Hospital.Mr.
Lewis was born in New York,
New York a son of the late
Irving and Sylvia Lewis,and
was Executive Vice President
of Chicago Title and Presi-
dent of TICOR Title.He is sur-
vived by his wife Roni Lewis,
his children,Carrie,Andrew,
Marlene,Michael,and his
eight grandchildren.Mr.
Lewis is predeceased by his
first wife Mina and his broth-
er,Ira.Services will take
place on Sunday,October 7,
2012 at 10:30am Directly at
Sharon Gardens Cemetery,in
Valhalla,NY.
NEUFFER—Colette H.(nee
Coleman),84,a native New
Yorker,died in Seattle WA.
on September 23,2012.Widow
of Albert,loving mother and
grandmother.She is survived
by her children Heidi (James
Hale),Blake (Aimee Denver),
Carla (Juan Luna),Monica
(Thomas Herits),Damian (Su-
san),and Cronan (Christine);
and grandchildren Colin,Brit-
tany Rose,Lauren,Ryan,
Caitlin,Thomas,Blake,Ayla,
Gabriela,Pablo,Daniela,
Robert and Joshua.She
passed peacefully surrounded
by her loving family.In lieu of
flowers,the family suggests
memorials to the Alzheimer's
Foundation of America,322
Eighth Ave.,7th Fl.,New
York,NY 10001.Phone
866.AFA.8484,Online:
www.alzfdn.org/Contributeto
AFA/makeadonation.html.
Evergreen Washelli Funeral
Home,Seattle,WA.
RAY—Sylvia,95,passed away
October 4.Survived by son
Alex;daughter-in-law Ellen;
grandchildren Aliza and Eric.
Service October 7,Weinstein
Memorial Chapel,11:30,1652
Central Park Ave.,Yonkers.
SULZBERGER—Arthur O.
We,the current and forme
r
independent directors of The
New York Times Company,
extend our deepest sympa-
thies to Arthur and the entire
Sulzberger family.Punch was
an inspiration to us all and we
are committed to ensuring
that his legacy continues.
KINSBRUNER—Jay.Oct.6,2007.
5 years have passed.Our love
for youlasts,Timeless.
Your Family
KINSBRUNER—Dr.Jay
01/10/39 - 10/06/07
Mybelovedbrother
Youwill never beforgotten
Your sister Susan
Deaths
Deaths
Deaths
In Memoriam
By PATRICIA COHEN
After 15 years of working to
build a permanent home for
the Museum for African Art in
Manhattan, the museum’s
president,Elsie McCabe
Thompson,announced on Fri-
day that she was stepping
down “to pursue other career
opportunities.”
The decision comes after
more than three years of fi-
nancial troubles that have re-
peatedly delayed the mu-
seum’s opening of a new site
at Fifth Avenue and 110th
Street,on the northern tip of
what is known as Museum
Mile. The museum needs an
additional $10 million to finish
construction of its new space
in the bottom of a 19-story con-
dominium designed by Robert
A.M. Stern. A statement re-
leased by the museum an-
nouncing Ms. Thompson’s de-
parture said it was “in dis-
cussions with several funders
to ensure that the project is
completed successfully.”
The space was originally
scheduled to open in 2009, and
no new opening date has yet
been set. Since its establish-
ment in 1984, the museum has
occupied a variety of tempo-
rary spaces, most recently a
gallery in Long Island City,
Queens, that closed in 2005.
Ms. Thompson, who has
been president since 1997 and
who referred to the museum
as “my baby,” said in the re-
lease that she planned to join
the museum’s board of trus-
tees.She could not be reached
for additional comment. The deputy director and
chief operating officer, Kenita
Lloyd, will temporarily over-
see the museum,while a com-
mittee that will include trus-
tees, advisers and Ms. Thomp-
son undertakes a nationwide
search for a replacement, the
statement said.
Ms. Thompson’s husband,
William C. Thompson Jr.,is
running for mayor in next
year’s election. This year he
resigned as chairman of the
Battery Park City Authority to
focus more on his campaign. A
former city comptroller, Mr.
Thompson was the Democrat-
ic nominee for mayor in 2009.
People close to Ms. Thomp-
son,who spoke on the condi-
tion of anonymity because
their conversations with her
were meant to be private,said President
Of Museum
To Quit Her Post
Continued on Page 4
By PATRICIA COHEN
Along with the bales of toilet
paper and drums of tomato
sauce that Costco customers
load into their online shopping
carts, they can now add an
original Warhol or Matisse, a
result of this giant discount re-
tailer’s recent decision to re-
enter the fine-art market. Quietly and cautiously, like
someone newly divorced re-
turning to dating, Costco has
begun selling fine art again af-
ter quitting the business six
years ago when questions
were raised about the authen-
ticity of two Picasso drawings
it had sold online.
In the two or so weeks since
Costco, a warehouse club
store, began listing “Fine Art”
in the Home & Décor section
of its Web site, it has sold 8 of
the 10 works it initially listed,
including two framed litho-
graphs by Henri Matisse, one
for $1,000,and the other for
$800;a framed lithograph by
Georges Braque for $1,400;a
framed screen print by Andy
Warhol for $1,450;and a
framed textile-and-paint col-
lage by Heather Robinson for
$1,699.99, said Greg Moors, the
San Francisco dealer supply-
ing the art to Costco. Mr. Moors said he has about
five more works that he ex-
pects to list on the Web site
over the weekend, but added
that it takes time to find and
frame original art. Ginnie M. Roeglin, senior
vice president for e-commerce
and publishing at Costco,said,
“We just started this program
and are just testing a few
things.” She declined to com-
ment further on the decision to
sell art again.
Mr. Moors said in an in-
terview that he was driven by
his vision of art for everybody,
and he dismissed any incon-
gruity in the notion of a dis-
count warehouse club selling
fine art. For many gallery
owners and Internet art sell-
Shopping
List: Tuna,
Detergent,
A Warhol
2012 SUCCESSION H. MATISSE/ARTISTS
RIGHTS SOCIETY (ARS), NEW YORK
Matisse’s “Femme au
Chapeau,” sold at Costco.
Continued on Page 6
Softer Side of Country
Jerrod Niemann is part of
the new paradigm of coun-
try music: tough outside
with a big heart. Critic’s
Notebook, PAGE 5
.
INSIDE Heroism is thrust upon the misfit protago-
nist of Eugène Ionesco’s absurdist comedy
“Rhinoceros,” hanging on his
slumped shoulders like an ill-
fitting suit. As,one by one,his
fellow townsfolk grow tusks,
and their soft skin turns scaly,
it is not steadfast courage or a
firm belief in taking a princi-
pled stand that drives poor Bérenger, por-
trayed by the wonderful Serge Maggiani in
the French-language production (with su-
pertitles) at the Brooklyn Academy of Music
through Saturday. “I’m so ugly!” he grumbles in his misery.
“People who try to hang on to their individ-
uality always come to a bad end!” Not, perhaps, the ringing words of a born
leader. More the frustrated griping of a fel-
low so comfortably ill at ease in his own skin
that he can’t be bothered to exchange it for
another. In Ionesco’s dark comic vision of
civilization run amok, it’s Berenger’s sad
sense of unbelonging that leaves him the last
survivor of the species, vowing to fight on
against the virus of conformity but feeling
lonelier than ever. This rare sighting of “Rhinoceros,” one of
Ionesco’s most famous works but still a com-
parative novelty on major American stages,
comes courtesy of the Théâtre de la Ville in
Paris and the director Emmanuel Demarcy-
Mota. A grandly scaled production that easily
fills the expansive stage of the Howard Gil-
KARSTEN MORAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Rhinoceros
Hugues Quester, in black and with chair, and other Théâtre de la Ville of Paris cast members at the Brooklyn Academy of Music.
It’s Lonely for the Last Human Left
CHARLES
ISHERWOOD THEATER
REVIEW By FELICIA R. LEE
Tripp Phillips, a production stage man-
ager, had always considered himself fortu-
nate to work steadily on Broadway. Then
“Rebecca” entered his life. By the time that $12 million musical im-
ploded on Sunday, its financing having fallen
through, Mr. Phillips had endured two post-
ponements of the show and had turned down
work on the musicals “Chaplin” (open now)
and “A Christmas Story” (opening next
month). Like more than 100 others in the
cast and on the “Rebecca” creative team, he
is now scrambling for work while watching
the convoluted story of what went wrong un-
fold in public. “It’s not just the loss of income, it’s not
just the uncertainty, it’s the emotional blow
— we were all ready to work,” he said in a
telephone interview this week. “In the future
I will look back at 2012 as the year ‘Rebecca’
let me down.”
While investigators struggle to figure out
the financial mysteries that scuttled the mu-
sical — which include a phantom investor, a
disappearing $4.5 million and a middleman
with a lengthy record of fraud — Mr. Phillips
and his colleagues are engaged in more
mundane business: trying to get out of
apartment rentals, canceling appointments
with dialect coaches, adjusting nanny sched-
ules and putting out feelers for jobs when the
fall season’s Broadway shows have largely
been staffed.
“It’s not just actors affected,” said Kevin Demise of ‘Rebecca’ Costs More Than Money
Continued on Page 6
When that thick slice of Southern ham called “Steel
Magnolias” was released in 1989, not much was said
about the fact that in a nearly two-hour film,set in a
Louisiana town,only two black actors got
to speak. Both played nurses,and be-
tween them they had about four lines.
There were other black faces on screen —
maids, banquet servers, token wedding
guests — but they just smiled and kept
their mouths shut.
It’s satisfying, then, to see how the new race-re-
versed Lifetime remake of “Steel Magnolias” on Sun-
day night turns the tables. White actors hover in the
background, and few of them speak: a nurse, a couple
of doctors and an ex-boyfriend. It’s hard to see why
the doctors needed to be white, but let’s not quibble.
Unfortunately, in the only way that really counts,
the new film is surprisingly, even slavishly,faithful to
the original iron-plated tear-jerker, which Robert Har-
ling wrote,based on his own play about six women
who see one another through life’s ups and downs
while gathering to gossip, joke and shed a tear at a lo-
cal salon called Truvy’s Beauty Spot.
Sally Robinson has rearranged and condensed Mr.
Harling’s story — the television version is a half-hour
shorter — but has kept its important details and most
of its “Attention: Cry Now” moments, as well as incor-
porating many of Mr. Harling’s Southern-fried one-
ANNETTE BROWN/LIFETIME, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Trading Beauty Secrets and Barbs
Continued on Page 6
MIKE
HALE TELEVISION
REVIEW Steel Magnolias
, with, from left, Queen Latifah, Condola
Rashad and Tory Kittles,on Lifetime,Sunday night at
9, Eastern and Pacific times; 8, Central time.
C1
N
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 2012
Continued on Page 5
C2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Knoedler Settles a Lawsuit
Knoedler & Company, the venerable art
gallery that shut its doors last year, has set-
tled one of three federal civil suits brought
by former customers who charged that they
were duped into spending millions for fakes.
The details of the settlement between Knoed-
ler, its former president Ann Freedman and
the customer, Pierre Lagrange, over a
$17 million painting attributed to Jackson
Pollock are confidential. “Knoedler Gallery
is pleased to have the matter resolved,” the
gallery said in a statement. Ms. Freedman
said through a spokeswoman that the suit
had been “settled amicably.” Among the questions left unanswered is
what will happen to the work itself, including
whether it will become a possession of the
defunct gallery, which is selling some of its
remaining inventory at auction. The work,
known as “Silver Pollock,” above, is one of a
group of paintings handled by Knoedler that
came from a Long Island dealer, Glafira
Rosales, who is now a target of a federal in-
vestigation, according to court records. Ms.
Freedman’s lawyer, Nicholas Gravante Jr.,
said in a letter on Friday to the judge who is
presiding over all the civil cases that this set-
tlement had “changed the landscape” and
asked to suspend the two other lawsuits.
One of those suits was brought by John D.
Howard, a Wall Street executive, over a $4
million painting attributed to Willem de Koo-
ning; the second was filed by Domenico De
Sole, the chairman of Tom Ford’s fashion
company, and his wife, Eleanore, over a $8.3
million work attributed to Mark Rothko.
John Cahill, Mr. Howard’s lawyer, said he
was encouraged by the settlement. “My inference is that somebody wrote a
pretty big check,” he said. Knoedler’s lawyer,
Charles D. Schmerler, said, “We plan to con-
tinue to vigorously litigate the De Sole and
Howard lawsuits.” PATRICIA COHEN
Can’t Get a Ticket?
Watch Jay-Z Online
If you missed Jay-Z’s sold-out concerts at
the Barclays Center, worry not. That rapper
plans to stream his final performance there
online, making the show the official start of
his new YouTube channel, The Associated
Press reported. Jay-Z, who owns a small
stake in the arena, announced that the final
concert of his eight-night run, at 9:30 p.m. on
Saturday, would be streamed on his Life and
Times channel, a spinoff of a pop-culture
Web site with the same name. The channel is part of a push by YouTube,
which is owned by Google, to increase origi-
nal programming. Like nearly everything
that Jay- Z, below,does, the YouTube chan-
nel will promote other parts of his business
empire: the Brooklyn Nets, the Rocawear
clothing line and the Roc
Nation record label. He
has partnered with Icon-
icTVto provide the chan-
nel with content, Rolling
Stone reported, including
a Brooklyn Nets series
called “The Road to Brook-
lyn”;a fan-interaction
show, “Roc Nation Check-
In”;and a fashion show called “Well Dunn
With Jourdan Dunn,” featuring that British
model.
More Gay Men and Lesbians
Appear in Network Shows
There are more gay and lesbian charac-
ters on network television this season than
ever before, according to a study released on
Friday by the Gay & Lesbian Alliance
Against Defamation, or GLAAD, a group
that advocates for diversity in the media.
The study assessed the 97 scripted shows
that are scheduled to have their premieres
on the networks sometime during the sea-
son that started last month. It counted 31
regularly appearing characters that identify
as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender, up
from 19 last season and 23 two seasons ago. ABC had more such characters,10,than
any other network. CBS, criticized by
GLAAD in the past, was praised for having
four such characters. Looking at all 701 regu-
larly appearing characters on the networks
this season, GLAAD found that 55 percent
were male and 78 percent were white. About
12 percent are African-American, 4.7 percent
are Asian,and 4.1 percent are Latino. Only
four characters, or 0.6 percent, have disabili-
ties. GLAAD also found an uptick in gay
characters on major cable networks. BRIANSTELTER
The Dance Party Is Over
At the Brooklyn Museum
The Brooklyn Museum will end its free
Saturday dance parties,as of this weekend,
the Web site DNAinfo.com reported on Fri-
day. The museum announced the suspen-
sion of the parties — called Target First Sat-
urdays because they are sponsored by Tar-
get — in a blog post last month. “We are go-
ing to put the dance party on hiatus for the
time being,” said the post, written by Elisa-
beth Callihan, the museum’s manager of
adult programs. “This was not a decision we
made lightly.” Although attendance has in-
creased, Ms. Callihan explained, “we’ve run
into some challenges with capacity crowds
and traffic flow throughout the building.” Almost a quarter of the museum’s attend-
ees between 2004 and 2010 were people who
came for First Saturdays.City Councilman
Jumaane D. Williams, a Democrat, told
DNAinfo that he hoped the museum would
reconsider,saying,“I think it’s a great
Brooklyn event.” In place of the dances will
be different kinds of programming, the mu-
seum said, including artist-led activities,
site-specific performances and discussions. ROBINPOGREBIN
An 11-Hour Work From SoHo Rep
The American premiere of “Life and
Times, Episodes 1-4,” an 11-hour opus from
the celebrated experimental troupe Nature
Theater of Oklahoma, will be part of SoHo
Rep’s 2012-13 season, the theater announced.
Conceived and directed by Pavol Liska,
above right, and Kelly Copper, left, and
based on 16 hours of recordings in which one
woman tells her life story during 10 tele-
phone conversations, “Life and Times” has
been produced widely in Europe, as well as
in Japan, Canada and Singapore. “The scale of it has definitely played a role
in why it hasn’t been seen here before,” said
Caleb Hammons, the producer at SoHo Rep.
It will take a collaborative effort: the Burg-
theater in Vienna is a co-producer, and the
production will be staged at the Public Thea-
ter as part of its annual Under the Radar
Festival. Nature Theater’s “No Dice” was a
hit at SoHo Rep in 2007,and its riff on “Ro-
meo and Juliet” played the Kitchen in 2009.
The show, which can be seen in installments
or as a marathon, will run at the Public from
Jan. 16 through Feb.2. FELICIA R.LEE
Arts, Briefly
Compiled by James C. McKinley Jr. Before conducting Schoen-
berg’s Piano Concerto with the
New York Philharmonic on
Thursday evening at Avery Fish-
er Hall, Alan Gilbert said from
the stage that he
had mixed feel-
ings about intro-
ducing works be-
fore a perform-
ance.The infer-
ence can be
drawn, he said, that a piece re-
quires explanation to be ren-
dered palatable. That was not the case here, he
added, although he did seem to
want to alleviate any potential
Schoenberg phobia with descrip-
tions of the piece as “very acces-
sible” and “easy to relate to.”
Twelve-tone music, which differs
from traditional tonality by using
all 12 tones of the chromatic
scale, is a “scary concept,” he
said, but “not that forbidding.”
He was joined in the introduc-
tory chat by the pianist Emanuel
Ax,the soloist in the work, who
likened aspects of the concerto to
Brahms and said that except for
the harmonic language, the first
movement sounds like a Strauss
waltz. The pianist Mitsuko Uchida
has described the concerto as “a
lot of brain work” and often awk-
ward to play, given that Schoen-
berg did not play the piano very
well and often didn’t write com-
fortably for the instrument. “You
need to be stubborn to want to
learn it,” she has said. Mr. Ax and Mr. Gilbert offered
a committed performance of the
work, which Schoenberg wrote
after he fled the Nazis and immi-
grated to America. The concerto
is autobiographical:its four
movements, Schoenberg sug-
gested,reflect sentiments like
“Life was so easy” and “A grave
situation was created.” Mr. Ax aptly illuminated the
melancholy quality of the open-
ing tone-row melody and the jag-
ged, colorful harmonies that
dominate the work. Both ensem-
ble and soloist found the tension
between the introverted mo-
ments and the furious outbursts. The Schoenberg proved the
highlight of the evening, sand-
wiched between polished but
otherwise routine performances
of Bach’s Keyboard Concerto No.
1 in D minor and Mozart’s Sym-
phony No. 36 (“Linz”),which
ended the evening. Bach has not been a center-
piece of Mr. Ax’s career,and the
D minor is the first of that com-
poser’s keyboard concertos that
he has performed. He and the or-
chestra offered a rendition that
was solid and elegantly phrased
but otherwise unmemorable. There were appealing mo-
ments in the Mozart, but over all,
that interpretation also lacked a
distinctive spark. KARSTEN MORAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
New York Philharmonic Alan Gilbert leading the orchestra in Mozart’s
Symphony No. 36 (“Linz”) to close this programat Avery Fisher Hall. MUSIC
REVIEW VIVIEN
SCHWEITZER Just Listen;It Won’t Hurt
The concert with Emanuel Ax is
repeated on Saturday evening at
Avery Fisher Hall, Lincoln Cen-
ter; (212) 875-5656, nyphil.org.
RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
N
C3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
ply as Woman, though it might as
well be Gorgon.
Her hair spiked into glistening
bristles, her jewelry flashing like
neon signs,and her makeup ren-
dered in Technicolor, Woman is a
daunting creature before she
even opens her mouth. Once she
starts to speak, in a voice that
seems alternately to come from
the crypt and from beneath a
dryer at Kenneth’s hair salon,
you may feel inclined to run for
cover.
That’s not an option for he who
lives to serve her, the character
At first glance, the relation-
ships are classically clear-cut in
the two teasing one-act plays
that make up “AdA,” a trans-At-
lantic melding of work by the
playwrights Neil
LaBute and Marco
Calvani at La MaMa.
You have, on the one
hand, an imperious
elderly woman and
her long-suffering
butler; on the other, a self-con-
scious middle-class square and
the nymphet prostitute he had
booked for an afternoon session.
But no relationship is exactly
what it seems on the surface. Put
any pair of human beings under
a microscope,and strange muta-
tions and strains come into dis-
comfiting focus.
That’s the premise behind both
Mr. LaBute’s “Lovely Head” and
Mr. Calvani’s “Things of This
World,” which opened on Thurs-
day night and run through Oct.
14,with a cast that features Larry
Pine and an astonishing Estelle
Parsons in mismatched book-
ends of roles. It isn’t spoiling too
much to say that after seeing
these short works, you’re unlike-
ly to rush home and hug the one
you love. This double bill, in which the
American Mr. LaBute stages the
Italian Mr. Calvani’s work,and
vice versa (AdA stands for au-
thor directing author), was de-
veloped at the La MaMa interna-
tional artist residence in Umbria
last summer. Both playwrights
are known for their pitch-black
views of human nature, and
putting them in collaboration
seemed to promise a Halloween-
worthy orgy of creepy misan-
thropy.
The entertaining results of this
union turn out to be more deli-
cate and complex. Mr. LaBute,
celebrated (and reviled) for his
nasty moral parables with
“gotcha!” endings, delivers one
of his most illuminating charac-
ter studies to date. Mr. Calvani, known as a shock-
ing young turk in Europe, has
come up with a classic exercise
in avant-garde theater that
might have been written 50 years
ago. Whatever your verdict on
their relative merits, there’s no
denying the thrill of seeing ac-
tor’s actors like Ms. Parsons
(“Miss Margarida’s Way,” the
movie “Bonnie and Clyde”) and
Mr. Pine (Louis Malle’s “Vanya
on 42nd Street”) in close quar-
ters and in full sail.
Ms. Parsons — who, if Wikipe-
dia does not deceive me, is al-
most 85 — gives a performance
of calibrated energy and flam-
boyance that would tax most ac-
tresses 20 years her junior. In
“Things of This World” she por-
trays a character identified sim-
called Young Man, played by —
surprise! — Craig Bierko, the
Tony-nominated star of the
Broadway revivals “The Music
Man” and “Guys and Dolls.”
Young Man, whom we first see in
a butler’s uniform, is either
Woman’s dependent or support-
er, or maybe both. Certainly, it
seems that he is more than her
butler. And,by the way, just who
is that other man (Man, played
by Mr. Pine), who sits reading in
a chair,never saying a word?
The answers are both obvious
and obscure, in the style of early
absurdist domestic portraits by
Edward Albee, though Mr. Calva-
ni has added his own level of eco-
nomic allegory. (The play’s epi-
graph in the program is from
Karl Marx.) In English, at least,
this all seems a tad vieux jeu.
But I had a good time watch-
ing Mr. Bierko hulk and cower.
And,of course, looking at and lis-
tening to Ms. Parsons, who uses
her voice as a lethal weapon and
manages to turn Woman into
something approaching a Ten-
nessee Williams heroine.
Mr. Pine finally gets to speak
in Mr. LaBute’s “Lovely Head”
and to demonstrate the power an
actor can find in playing power-
less. You would think that his
character, Gary, would have the
upper hand over the juicy young
woman named Amber (Gia Cro-
vatin,a newcomer and a knock-
out),since he is paying her to,
uh, spend time with him. Yet he
seems cravenly apologetic in his
dealings with her, and his defer-
ence makes him slapstick clum-
sy.
As for Amber (perfectly em-
bodied by Ms. Crovatin in a shad-
ed performance), she behaves
like a spoiled, sulky, intolerant
brat.
So what gives? Is this some
kind of bondage role-playing set-
up? The staggered revelation of
exactly what dynamic propels
these two recalls the sexual pow-
er games of David Ives’s “Venus
in Fur.” But whereas Mr. Ives
took us up into the realms of my-
thology, Mr. LaBute stays closer
to home, providing some uncom-
fortable insights about.... Well,
I’ve said too much already. BEN
BRANTLEY THEATER
REVIEW Two Improbable Pairs,
One Technicolor Gorgon
SARA KRULWICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Larry Pine and Gia Crovatin in “Lovely Head,” at La MaMa’s Ellen Stewart Theater.
AdA (Author directing Author)
A pair of one-act plays: “Things of This
World,” by Marco Calvani, directed by
Neil LaBute,stage manager, Alan Fox;
and “Lovely Head,” by Mr. LaBute, di-
rected by Mr. Calvani, stage manager,
MiriamHyfler; sets by Neil Patel; cos-
tumes by Katherine Roth; lighting by Da-
vid Moodey;translation by Bing Taylor.
Presented by La MaMa. At the La MaMa
Ellen Stewart Theater, 66 East Fourth
Street, East Village, (212) 475-7710,
lamama.org. Through Oct.14. Running
time: 1 hour 45 minutes. “Things of This World” WITH: Craig
Bierko (Young Man), Estelle Parsons
(Woman) and Larry Pine (Man). “Lovely Head” WITH: Gia Crovatin (Am-
ber) and Mr. Pine (Gary). Balances of power
are not what they
seemon the surface. ceived when it was first per-
formed in 2009 by the period-in-
strument group Sinfonia New
York. The occasion for Thurs-
day’s revival was the fifth anni-
versary of Gotham Early Music
Scene, which has quickly become
a valuable performance present-
er and tireless advocate for en-
sembles throughout the city.
Few events could have dis-
played the organization’s quality
and range better than “The Art
and Ecstasy of the Chaconne.”
The concert journeyed through
Spain, Italy, France, England and
Germany, showing how the cha-
conne was an elegant example of
cultural diffusion, transmuting in
mood as it traveled,while retain-
ing its basic character.
What began in the 1500s as a
bawdy street dance in the Span-
ish colonies became a spirited en-
tertainment in Italy. Antonio Ber-
tali’s Ciaccona for violin and con-
tinuo features skittering orna-
ments for the soloist (here the vi-
olinist Theresa Salomon) and
shockingly extreme harmonies.
The form produced vocal works
like Virgilio Mazzocchi’s “Sdeg-
no Campion, Audace” and Mon-
teverdi’s “Quel Sguardo Sdegno-
setto,” both sung on Thursday
with rich, even tone and dra-
matic skill by the mezzo-soprano
Maria Todaro.
The chaconne was never about
relaxation or calm: the title of
Mazzocchi’s work translates to
“Anger, That Bold Champion,”
and Monteverdi’s to “That
Scornful Little Glance.” It was an
expression of aggression and
raucous celebration.
Even in France, where the cha-
conne was polished to a sheen of
courtly refinement, it tended to
be used at intense, climactic mo-
ments, well demonstrated by the
dancers Patricia Beaman and
Carlos Fittante in reconstruc-
tions of ballet excerpts from Lul-
ly’s “Armide” and “Acis et Gala-
tée.” Throughout the evening the in-
strumentalists, including the cel-
list Christine Gummere, the lute-
nist Grant Herreid, the flutist
Sandra Miller and the harpsi-
chordist John Scott, played with
acute crispness.
By way of Purcell’s grand Cha-
cony in G minor and Dido’s La-
ment from his “Dido and Aene-
as,” both given powerful per-
formances here, the various
strands of the dance’s history all
converged in the chaconne that
concludes Bach’s Partita No.2 in
D minor for solo violin. Claire
Jolivet showed respect for its
myriad elements: the soulful
spirituality, the furious passion,
the good-natured liveliness.
Thousands of miles and nearly
200 years from the dance’s ori-
gins, the Bach still echoes with
the refrain of that New World
chacona: “Vida, vida, vida bona!
Vida, vámonos á Chacona!”
“Live the good life! Let’s go
dance the chacona!”
There are many ideas about
how the chaconne — the intoxi-
cating dance that bursts with im-
provisatory flair over a steady,
repeating bass line — got its
name.
It may be that
“chac” indicated the
sound of the castanets
that egged it on.
Those castanets
sounded again in
“The Art and Ecstasy of the Cha-
conne,” a concert on Thursday
evening at the New York Society
for Ethical Culture.
This program was well re-
MUSIC
REVIEW ZACHARY
WOOLFE From Bawdy Street Dance to Courtly Refinement
The Art and Ecstasy of the Chaconne
New York Society
for Ethical Culture C4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Today at 2 &8
THE TONYAWARD-WINNING
BEST MUSICAL ISBACK!
ANNIE
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
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Groups 12+:AnnieGroups.com
Monday-Saturday 8;Saturday 2
Palace Theatre (+),Broadway &47 Street
"ENCHANTING!When Rob McClure
transforms into Chaplin's Little Tramp,it's
a dizzying,multilevel metamorphosis."
- Ben Brantley,The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
CHAPLIN
THE MUSICAL
The Big Musical About the Little Tramp
Tu 7;We 2&7:30;Th 7;Fr 8;Sa 2&8;Su 3
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Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street
BEST MUSICAL
2006 Tony Award Winner
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"IT WILL RUNFORCENTURIES!"—Time
JERSEY BOYS
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
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August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
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DISNEYand CAMERONMACKINTOSH
present
MARY POPPINS
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or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue-Thu 7;Fri 8;Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30
NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St.
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2012 TONYAWARDWINNER!
Best Original Score Best Choreography
DISNEYpresents
NEWSIES
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or call (866) 870-2717
Groups (15+) 800-439-9000
This Wknd:Sat 2 &8;Sun 1 &6:30
Nxt Wk:M-W7:30;W2;F 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3
Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
THE HILARIOUS
TONY-WINNINGNEWMUSICAL!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
MATTHEWBRODERICK KELLI O'HARA
NICE WORK
IF YOU CAN GET IT
Music &Lyrics by
GEORGE GERSHWIN&IRAGERSHWIN
Book by JOE DIPIETRO
Directed and Choreographed by
KATHLEENMARSHALL
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Tu&Th 7;We,Fr&Sa 8;We&Sa 2;Su 3
NiceWorkOnBroadway.com
Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street
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WINNER!BEST MUSICAL
2012 TONYAWARD
ONCE
ANewMusical
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Tues 7,Wed-Sat 8,Wed &Sat 2,Sun 3
OnceMusical.com
The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
WINNER!5 TONYAWARDS
Wednesday Evening Talkback Series
Continues 10/10 with"Playing Peter Pan"
Special Guest SANDYDUNCAN
PETER AND THE
STARCATCHER
NowThrough January 20 Only!
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Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
TODAYAT 2 &8
"IMPOSSIBLE TORESIST."
-NewYork Times Critic's Pick
ROCK OF AGES
Broadway's Best Party
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Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30
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Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 1 &7
SPIDER-MAN
TURN OFF THE DARK
877-250-2929 or Ticketmaster.com
Mon,Tu,Th 7:30;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &7
SpiderManOnBroadway.com
Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
PREVIEWSBEGINTONIGHT AT 8!
JESSICA DAVID DAN
CHASTAIN STRATHAIRN STEVENS
THE HEIRESS
with JUDITHIVEY
by RUTH&AUGUSTUSGOETZ
Directed by MOISESKAUFMAN
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Saturday at 8;Sunday at 3
TheHeiressOnBroadway.com
Walter Kerr Theatre(+) 219 West 48 Street
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYpresents
THE LION KING
The Landmark Musical Event
Tickets &info:LionKing.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tu-We 7;Th-Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 1 &6:30
Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street
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212-239-6200/800-432-7250
THE PHANTOM OF
THE OPERA
Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
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Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
Nowthru January 6 Only!
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
ANational Theatre of
Great Britain Production
WAR HORSE
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
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Groups 12+:212-889-4300
WarHorseOnBroadway.com
Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
"Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster"
—The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3 &8
WICKED
Tu &We 7;Th-Sa 8;We &Sa 2;Su 3 &8
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Groups:646-289-6885/877-321-0020
WickedtheMusical.com
Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
LIMITEDENGAGEMENT BEGINS NOV 8
Based on the Best-Selling Novel
MY NAME IS ASHER LEV
Anewplay by Aaron Posner
Adapted fromthe novel by ChaimPotok
Directed by Gordon Edelstein
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AsherLevThePlay.com
Westside Theatre (+) 407 W.43rd St.
TODAYAT 2,5&8
"THE SHOWROCKS!"-NY Times
Experience the Phenomenon
"ASENSATION!"- TIME Magazine
BLUE MAN GROUP
1-800-BLUEMAN - BLUEMAN.COM
Mon 2&8,Tues- Fri 8,Sat-Sun 2,5&8
Groups of 15+:(212) 260-8993
Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
FINAL 2 PERFORMANCES!
Today at 2:30 &8
"DARING&INVIGORATING."-NY Times
""
(COCKFIGHTPLAY.com)
by MIKE BARTLETT
Directed by JAMESMACDONALD
The Duke on 42nd Street - 229 W.42 St.
For Tix:Dukeon42.org or 646-223-3010
"STEPHENBELBERTELL STORIES
WITHWIT ANDHUMANITY!"-Daily News
Today at 2+8
DON'T GO GENTLE
by Stephen Belber
directed by Lucie Tiberghien
(212) 352-3101 mcctheater.org
Tue-Wed 7,Thu-Fri 8,Sat 2+8,Sun 3
Lucille Lortel (+) 121 Christopher St
Today at 2 &8
"It Will Kick Your Guts"- Riverfront Times
FALLING
Tickets FromOnly $39.50
Group Discounts 10+ 212.382.3410
Tu 7,W2 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3
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Minetta Lane Theatre - 18 Minetta Lane
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FORBIDDEN BROADWAY:
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47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
ForbiddenBroadway.com
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Primary Stages presents
HIM
Aworld premiere by Daisy Foote
Directed by Evan Yionoulis
Tue-Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2 &8,Sun 3
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59E59 Theaters,59 East 59th Street
primarystages.org
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OLD JEWS TELLING JOKES
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Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
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The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St.
Today at 3 &8
"BRILLIANT,EXUBERANT AND
INFECTIOUS."—Holden,NYTimes
STOMP
Tue-Fri at 8;Sat at 3 &8;Sun at 2 &5:30
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Groups 10+:toll free (855) 203-9980
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OrpheumTheatre,Second Ave at 8th St.
"EXTRAORDINARY!"- The NewYorker
Today at 2:30 &7:30
TRIBES
ANewPlay by NINARAINE
Directed by DAVIDCROMER
Tu-Fr 7:30;Sa 2:30 &7:30;Su 2:30 &7:30
SmartTix.comor 212-868-4444
www.TribesThePlay.com
BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
BROADWAY
OFF−BROADWAY
Everyone has the thought
each time a major plane crash
occurs: “Those poor people.
What must it have been like to be
on that plane?” The Discovery
Channel series
“Curiosity” seeks
to provide some
answers with its
second-season
premiere on Sun-
day in the most spectacularly ob-
vious way: getting hold of a jet,
packing it full of mannequins and
cameras and monitors, and then
crashing it. It’s an attention-get-
ting exercise that results in some
cool slow-motion footage and
good news for all those people
who have stared enviously at the
first-class accommodations on
their way to the cheap seats.
The program opens with the
obligatory reminder that the
chances of being in a plane crash
are microscopic and that many
crashes have survivors. Then it
asks its central question: “Can
we do anything to improve the
odds?” The odds of being one of
those survivors, that is.
This, not just getting neat im-
ages, is the point of the experi-
ment, in which an empty Boeing
727 is made to crash-land in a
desert in Mexico. Much of the
program involves not the crash
but the technical difficulties in-
volved in making it happen. The
researchers didn’t want a simple
smack-full-speed-into-a-moun-
tain. They wanted a crash in
which at least some people might
survive, and accomplishing that
without a human pilot at the con-
trols isn’t easy.
When NASA did it in 1984 with
a remote-controlled Boeing 720,
the program relates, the crash
generated a fireball that de-
stroyed the plane, limiting the
amount of data that could be re-
covered. Here humans are in the
cockpit until the last possible mo-
ment, and after they bail out,the
plane is controlled remotely from
a Cessna flying alongside.
The plane is rigged in all sorts
of ways to record what happens,
some of themsurprisingly low-
tech. Greasepaint is smeared on
the dummies playing the passen-
gers in hopes that the resulting
marks will show what their
heads and limbs smacked into. This being Discovery, it’s all
hyped to the overdramatic hilt,
but the results are interesting.
Among the findings: A device
measuring G-force shows that
the dummies in the back of the
plane received half as much
force as those in the front.
Oh, and if anyone pays atten-
tion to this show, you may have
fewer in-flight entertainment op-
tions in the future. The wiring
necessary for such stuff became
a tangled mess after impact that
would hamper the most vital
thing surviving passengers need
to do, which is get out of the
wreckage.
TELEVISION
REVIEW NEIL
GENZLINGER Engineering Just the Right Kind of Desert Plane Wreck
DISCOVERY CHANNEL
Curiosity
This series’s season premiere explores what happens to the people on a jet (mannequins here) when
it goes down. On the Discovery Channel, Sunday night at 9, Eastern and Pacific times; 8, Central time.
NORTH
S Q J 10 4
h Q 10 8 7 2
d K
C A 7 3
WEST
S K 3
h K 5 3
d J 9 6 2
C Q 10 6 5
EAST(D)
SA 9 7 5
h6
dA 10 8 5 3
CK J 9
SOUTH
S 8 6 2
h A J 9 4
d Q 7 4
C 8 4 2
North and South were vulner-
able. The bidding:
West North East South
— — 1 d Pass
1 N.T. Dbl. 2 d 2 h
3 d 3 h Dbl. Pass
Pass Pass
West led the diamond six.
she had spoken recently about
leaving, partly because the
project was near completion and
she did not want it to distract
from her husband’s campaign.
They also said she wanted to
start looking for a new job now,
because she worried that find-
ing one would be more difficult as
the campaign got under way.
The chairman of the museum,
the real estate developer Bruce
Eichner,said in the statement:
“While there is still more work
ahead to complete this project,
we share Elsie’s commitment to
opening a cultural beacon for Af-
rica in New York. The board, El-
sie and the museum’s supporters
are committed to getting the task
finished as soon as possible.”
The museum reported that it
had so far raised $93 million for
the project. Ms. Thompson has
previously estimated yearly op-
erating costs at $8 million. Ms.
Lloyd has said that the museum
is hoping to get a significant
amount of money for naming
rights on the new building. Plans for the museum include
an education center, a library, a
cafe and a gift shop. The 70,000-
square-foot space alone cost
$44 million, according to a June
2011 financial statement. That
statement also showed that the
museum had received more than
$20 million in city and state funds
in the previous 12 months. Ms. Thompson said in the news
release: “We have poured our
hearts and souls into the mu-
seum in order to create an insti-
tution of global acclaim. While
this is a difficult decision, I leave
knowing that much has been ac-
complished and the museum is in
its final stages of development.”
Since it closed its Queens site
seven years ago, the museum has
been organizing and lending ex-
hibitions to other institutions. Museum of African Art’s President Is to Quit
From First Arts Page
FRED R. CONRAD/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Elsie McCabe Thompson of
the Museum for African Art.
David W. Chen contributed re-
porting.
Then East cashed the spade ace
and played a spade to his part-
ner’s king.
Although the spade ruff had
not been taken, plus 500 was
worth 23 match points out of 25,
and Caplin and Grossack won by
only 3.52 match points.
Why did North-South get into
trouble?
Well, South did not have to
compete with two hearts on a
weak 4-3-3-3 hand with a presum-
ably useless diamond queen.
North was no doubt thinking of
the Law of Total Tricks: bid to the
three-level with a nine-card fit.
(He probably expected his part-
ner to have either five hearts or a
stronger hand.)
But North’s hand was relative-
ly weak and in nature more de-
fensive than offensive. Also, the
unfavorable vulnerability should
have been heeded.
Donald Caplin of Waltham,
Mass., and Zachary Grossack of
Newton, Mass., won the 0 to 5,000
Life Master Pairs at the Summer
North American Championships
in Philadelphia in July. (Players
were limited to a maximum of
5,000 master points.)
Grossack, who is only 15, was a
member of the United States ju-
nior team that won the silver
medals at the World Youth Team
Championships in China in Au-
gust. He is an excellent card play-
er whose bidding tends to be exu-
berant but usually works well.
For example, in the diagramed
deal from the penultimate ses-
sion of the Life Master Pairs,
when North competed with three
hearts, Grossack made a penalty
double.
No doubt if he had not doubled,
West would have. They thought
they were scoring plus 110 or 130
in three diamonds, so they need-
ed to try for at least plus 200 by
doubling and defeating three
hearts.
West led the diamond six,
third-highest from an even num-
ber of cards or lowest from an
odd number. East took the trick
with his ace and shifted to the
club nine.South won with dum-
my’s ace and ran the heart
queen. West took his king and re-
turned a club. East won with his
king and led back the jack. Now West should have over-
taken with his queen, cashed the
spade king (East was marked
with the ace from the bidding),
played his second spade to the
ace and received a spade ruff for
down three.
West played low, however.
Phillip Alder Bridge An excerpt from “Curiosity”:
nytimes.com/television
ONLINE:VIDEO
.
K N
C5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Artists and art forms continually re-
peat and recycle, of course, as they
should. But shouldn’t such a tired for-
mula be subject to a bit more scrutiny
and skepticism? This isn’t, alas, a ques-
tion that can be put only to Mr. Rushing
and Philadanco, but also to many other
companies and choreographers, who let
the music do the heavy lifting for the
dance.
In the case of “Suite Otis,” which has
the dancers bedecked in lurid pink, the
choreography is at best negligible (pic-
ture counts, leaps and leg lifts) and at
worst offensive, trafficking in gender
stereotypes that must have seemed re-
gressive even 40 years ago and in un-
comfortably hammy representations of
race. It’s depressing to read in the news
release that this “is one of the most re-
quested ballets” in the company reper-
tory. “Moan” is a more ambitious work, in
Dances from different eras are often
juxtaposed in performances by modern
dance companies. But in Philadanco’s
mixed program now at the Joyce Thea-
ter, George Faison’s “Suite Otis” (1971)
is not only shown along with
the premiere of Matthew
Rushing’s “Moan,” but the
two pieces also share the ex-
act same structural recipe.
Each takes a revered
American music star (Otis
Redding for Mr. Faison, Nina Simone
for Mr. Rushing), picks a handful of that
singer-songwriter’s beloved hits and
uses dance to illustrate the content of
these songs in six theater-tinged sec-
tions.
which Mr. Rushing tries on various
strategies, starting with a postmodern
touch: the curtain rises to reveal the
dancers setting the stage, then drops for
the “real” beginning. In one of the most
effective sections, set to “I’m Gonna
Leave You,” a woman in black walks a
slow downstage diagonal, as a man be-
hind her, dressed colorfully, swoops and
lashes his limbs and generally takes up
an inordinate amount of luscious space. Then Mr. Rushing repeats, but this
time a man walks upstage, while a wom-
an in red winds around him — the leav-
ing is never easy, when the one being
left exerts such a pull.
Still, Nina Simone is the real center of
gravity here. It would be good to see
where Mr. Rushing might go if he al-
lowed himself to wander off script.
This could be said as well for the pro-
gram’s more accomplished choreogra-
phers, Ronald K. Brown (his “Gate-
keepers,” from 1999, includes the by now
familiar Brown cocktail of martial se-
verity, explosive sensuality and commu-
nal uplift) and Rennie Harris, whose
“Wake Up,” a New York premiere,
wields hip-hop as a sociopolitical lens.
Mr. Harris, like Mr. Brown, is adept at
fluidly combining styles, letting particu-
lar steps flare and freeze for a moment
within a propulsive flow. The dedicated
dancers look at their best here, and hap-
piest, and the spatial organization of the
stage toys with, and subverts, prosce-
nium expectations in intriguing ways. But still, there is the sense of a rule
book being followed; Mr. Harris’s earli-
er works were a lot weirder and rough-
er around the edges. They didn’t play
quite as nice.
Soulful Soundtracks Spun
For Leaps, Lifts and Swoops CHESTER HIGGINS JR./THE NEW YORK TIMES
Philadanco
The company members Heather Benson, standing, and Ruka White
performing “Moan,” set to the music of Nina Simone, at the Joyce Theater.
DANCE
REVIEW CLAUDIA
LA ROCCO Philadanco performances continue
through Sunday at the Joyce Theater, 175
Eighth Avenue, at 19th Street, Chelsea;
(212) 242-0800, joyce.org.
man Opera House, Mr. Demarcy-Mota’s
staging marshals a host of stylish the-
atrical effects to support Ionesco’s
sometimes heavy-treading play about
the human need to conform and the
ever-present dangers of fascism. (The
play had its premiere in Paris in 1960 in
a production directed by, and starring,
Jean-Louis Barrault and was seen later
the same year at the Royal Court in
London, directed by Orson Welles and
starring Laurence Olivier.) The opening scene, set in a cafe, here
takes place on a mostly darkened stage
on which gray plastic chairs have been
carefully arrayed. The lighting (by Yves
Collet, who also did the set design) iso-
lates perhaps a dozen figures in frozen
poses, dressed in contemporary cloth-
ing.
As Bérenger and his friend Jean
(Hugues Quester) argue over Béren-
ger’s dissolution and poor fitness for
life, the sudden sighting of a rhinoceros
rampaging through the center of town
is indicated by a thunderous noise. The
actors suddenly lurch into motion and
surge across the stage as if swept by a
giant wave. The effect is that of a Pina
Bausch dance-theater work, only with
dialogue ladled on top. The second scene, set in the govern-
ment office where Bérenger works in
the printing department, features even
more lavish directorial flourishes. As
Bérenger and his office mates argue pe-
dantically about whether a rhinoceros is
abroad — and,if so, whether it is an
Asian or an African one, sporting a sin-
gle or a double tusk — the floor of the
tiered set starts rising, threatening to
dump the actors onto the stage. It’s a vertiginous image that makes
literal the characters’ sense of disorien-
tation and perhaps,too,the urge prick-
ing at their souls to fling themselves to-
ward a seemingly grotesque fate. As
they cling to the railings to maintain
their balance, sniping with hilarious ex-
actitude over what is clearly a supernat-
ural calamity (“I don’t know what the
management will say,” the department
head fusses), resisting the instinctive
need to stand where a majority stands
is made to seem like a losing battle
against the force of gravity. I sometimes worried that Mr. Demar-
cy-Mota’s chic-looking production
would trample Ionesco’s piquant comic
writing under a stampede of fancy the-
atrical effects. I could have done with
less of the portentous drumbeating of
Jefferson Lembeye’s eclectic music, for
example. And while I sympathize with
the impulse to deploy some sleight of
hand on a text that can become labori-
ous in setting forth its vision of human-
ity’s susceptibility to base impulses, at
times Mr. Demarcy-Mota’s stark pro-
duction only emphasized the play’s
more ponderous aspects. Fortunately,the superb cast is never
overshadowed by the director’s arsenal
of technical effects, which includes a
ghostly array of giant rhinoceros pup-
pets, their heads bobbing with ominous
regularity from behind a scrim, looking
both majestic and threatening. The supporting players — Mr. Quest-
er as Jean, snorting and huffing eerily,
as he happily sheds his humanity; Jau-
ris Casanova as Bérenger’s sniping,
skeptical co-worker Botard; Céline Car-
rère as Daisy, the object of Bérenger’s
devoted but ineffectual love — all give
precise, effective performances.
And Mr. Maggiani carries the produc-
tion on his shrugging shoulders with
marvelous ease. Looking bedraggled
and slightly confused, as if forever try-
ing to remember where he left his keys,
Mr. Maggiani’s Bérenger is so harried
by defeat and self-doubt that his resist-
ance to the sudden plague of rhinoceri-
tis seems to surprise — and disappoint
— even himself. “Rhinoceros” can sometimes seem a
prolix play that makes its ideological
points a little too baldly, but Ionesco’s
philosophy cannot really be reduced to
any simple,finger-wagging statements
about right and wrong. The ambivalent
figure of Bérenger, so perfectly embod-
ied by Mr. Maggiani, leaves us wran-
gling with uneasy questions about what
constitutes moral strength and weak-
ness. His last words are a defiant pledge to
retain his humanity, but it’s an open
question whether we are meant to see
the survival of the human race as unal-
loyed triumph.
KARSTEN MORAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Serge Maggiani and a certain newcomer in the Théâtre de la Ville of Paris French-language (with supertitles) production of Ionesco’s “Rhinoceros” at the Brooklyn Academy of Music.
Take It From Ionesco: It’s Lonely When You’re the Last Human Left
From First Arts Page
Rhinoceros
By Eugène Ionesco; directed by Emmanuel
Demarcy-Mota; assistant director, Christophe
Lemaire; artistic collaborator, François Reg-
nault; sets and lighting by Yves Collet; music by
Jefferson Lembeye; costumes by Corinne Baude-
lot; English titles by Chris Bergen. A Théâtre de
la Ville, Paris, production, presented by the
Brooklyn Academy of Music’s Next Wave Festi-
val. At the Brooklyn Academy of Music Howard
Gilman Opera House, 30 Lafayette Avenue, at
Ashland Place, Fort Greene; (718) 636-4100, bam
.org. Performed in French, with English titles.
Through Saturday. Running time: 1 hour 45 min-
utes. WITH: Serge Maggiani (Bérenger), Hugues
Quester (Jean), Céline Carrère (Daisy), Philippe
Demarle (Dudard), Charles-Roger Bour (Bar
Owner), Jauris Casanova (Botard), Sandra Faure
(Waitress), Gaëlle Guillou (Housewife), Sarah
Karbasnikoff (Grocer/Mrs. Boeuf), Stéphane
Krähenbühl (The Old Man), Gérald Maillet (the
Logician), Walter N’Guyen (Grocer) and Pascal
Vuillemot (Monsieur Papillon). The sensitive bro is a relatively new
country paradigm:The outside is tough,
mostly, and sometimes muscled, but the
heart is big and often bursting. It’s be-
come a stand-in for masculinity in the
post-outlaw age, in
which real rebellion isn’t
an option,but a hint of it
is welcome, particularly
if it comes with a big,
warm embrace and may-
be a nibble on the ear-
lobe.
Blake Shelton is the figurehead of the
movement, the gentleman who provides
cover for the rowdy boys in back. Those
second-tier guys include Lee Brice, Ran-
dy Houser, Kip Moore, Bradley Gaskin
and Jerrod Niemann. Of those, Mr. Nie-
mann may be the sharpest and the most
apt to throw curveballs.
This week he released his second al-
bum, “Free the Music” (Sea Gayle/Aris-
ta Nashville). Like his 2010 debut,
“Judge Jerrod & the Hung Jury,” it’s
eclectic and approachable. It’s also re-
flective of Mr. Niemann’s desire to be
something more than eclectic and ap-
proachable — those things are desirable
but maybe not sustainable.
More than its predecessor, “Free the
Music” tends toward songs like the com-
ically almost vulgar “Real Women Drink
Beer” and the recent toothless hit “Shi-
nin’ on Me,” featherweight numbers that
don’t show off Mr. Niemann’s songwrit-
ing or his singing, but do show off his
ability to suppress them while reaching
for something more slippery and more
lucrative, and less well suited to his tal-
ents.
Mr. Niemann can be thrilling, though,
when he plays up his complexities, map-
ping out the stresses of a Waylon Jen-
nings expressed with the tenderness of
an Eddy Arnold.
On Monday at the Housing Works
Bookstore Cafe in SoHo, he played a
small benefit show, and was content, for
the most part, to be an aw-shucks lov-
able lunk, with flashes of rowdiness
when the crowd was game; New York
can provide boisterous country audi-
ences seemingly on demand, even if evi-
dence of their existence is almost no-
where to be seen in the city’s daily life. Mr. Niemann crammed six band
members on the tiny stage, the horn
players — Chris Hamm on trumpet, C.T.
Blackmore on saxophone, Will Elliott on
trombone — clustered as if for warmth.
(The band also included Tim Teague on
guitar, Cliff Canterbury on bass and gui-
tar, and David Mahurin on drums.) The performance suggested what the
house band at a convention of country
music stars might sound like — forever
referring to the genre’s past, respectful,
versatile, whimsical, earnest, gifted, not
ostentatious enough to be a real threat.
Mr. Niemann is an adept, writing
about heartbreak (“What Do You
Want”) and writing about writing about
heartbreak (“One More Drinkin’ Song”)
with dexterity. But during this show,
even on his most affecting songs, he was
full of good cheer. At one point he joked
about asking Miranda Lambert whether
“You’ll Always Be Beautiful,” the song
he helped write for her husband, Mr.
Shelton, reminded her of herself. She
told him no.
“Lover, Lover,” the breakout single
from Mr. Niemann’s first album, still
sounded breezy here, perfectly in keep-
ing with tunes like “For Everclear,”
which could have passed for a novelty
country song of the 1950s. Broadly
speaking, Mr. Niemann is as committed
to his own hits as to acknowledging the
range of country music that has influ-
enced him. At one point Mr. Teague used
a B-Bender to make his guitar emulate a
steel guitar. And Mr. Niemann sang
Johnny Cash’s “Ring of Fire,” though it
revealed his voice’s rough limits.
Given his druthers, Mr. Niemann is
happy to play in styles that are beloved
but not popular. His encore was a yowl-
ing take on Stevie Ray Vaughan’s “Pride
and Joy.” Once during the showhe gave
the spotlight to his horn players, who
performed some 1930s-’40s western
swing in the style of the pioneering
troupe Bob Wills and His Texas Play-
boys, and then played the theme from
“Family Guy” — a little bit of what they
wanted, and a little bit of what they
imagined everyone else might want.
JON
CARAMANICA CRITIC’S
NOTEBOOK KARSTEN MORAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Jerrod Niemann mines a new vein
of country music that can be tough,
good-natured and reflective.
A Big-Hearted Country Sound, Sure, but Complicated Still
C6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
liners verbatim. (“He’s so confused he
don’t know whether to scratch his
watch or wind his” rear end. “These
thighs haven’t gone out of the house
without Lycra on them since I was 14.”)
The director Kenny Leon (“A Raisin
in the Sun”) appears to have been
aware of the synthetic schmaltziness of
the material, and he and his all-star
cast, which includes Alfre Woodard, Jill
Scott, Queen Latifah and Phylicia Ra-
shad, have worked hard to tone it down
and smooth it out. William Ross’s music
is much more subdued than Georges
Delerue’s flowery score for the original.
This “Steel Magnolias” is mostly re-
strained and relentlessly tasteful, quali-
ties the original could not have been ac-
cused of.
But a tasteful “Steel Magnolias”
misses the point. Very little happens in
Mr. Harling’s story:aside from the
gatherings at the salon, the films essen-
tially consist of a wedding and a death,
and everything else is banter and tears.
Herbert Ross, a shamelessly effective
director of big Hollywood entertain-
ments, wisely pumped up the volume
and the action in the original film to dis-
tract us from the script’s thinness. He
also benefited from the shrewd casting
of Sally Field, Olympia Dukakis and
Shirley MacLaine, three expert purvey-
ors of ersatz emotion and hollow laughs.
Mr. Leon’s highly talented cast does-
n’t specialize in that kind of huckster-
ism, nor does anyone have the exagger-
ated vividness that Julia Roberts and
Dolly Parton brought to the original.
The actresses in the remake, even the
normally fierce Ms. Woodard, give qui-
et, skillful performances in roles that
barely exist,except as vehicles for wise-
cracks and outrageousness.They come
across as prosperous New Jersey sub-
urbanites rather than stereotypes of
Southern eccentricity, which may sound
like an improvement but just makes the
whole project feel insubstantial.
Queen Latifah gets top billing as
M’Lynn (the Sally Field role), the level-
headed mother of Shelby, whose mar-
riage opens the film. Ms. Rashad brings
her patrician tones to the Olympia Du-
kakis role (the busybody Clairee);Ms.
Woodard steps in for Ms. MacLaine (the
ornery Ouiser);and Ms. Scott takes the
place of her fellow singer Ms. Parton
(Truvy). In the younger roles, Condola Ra-
shad, Phylicia Rashad’s daughter,plays
Shelby (Ms.Roberts in the original),
and Adepero Oduye is the fledgling
hairdresser Annelle (Daryl Hannah).
The male roles matter even less in the
remake than they did in the original; for
some reason, the basketball superstar
Julius Erving turns up in a cameo as a
minister.
A number of details have been added
or changed to reflect the new racial
makeup and period, like a reference to
Michelle Obama and a more organized
style of dancing in the wedding scene.
But someone still says,“Life goes on,”
and Mr. Harling’s most artificial nugget
of inspiration, “I would rather have 30
minutes of something wonderful than a
lifetime of nothing special,” survives in-
tact. Whether it’s recited by a white ac-
tress or a black actress, it’s still purple. Trading
Beauty Secrets
And Barbs
ANNETTE BROWN/LIFETIME, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Queen Latifah as M’Lynn in the
Lifetime TV movie “Steel Magno-
lias,” directed by Kenny Leon.
From First Arts Page
ers, “the deal is more important than
the customer,” Mr. Moors said, but with
a brand-name store like Costco, “the
customer is more important than the
deal.”
Galleries will sometimes take sizable
markups on works of art they purchase
for resale, according to dealers.By con-
trast, Mr. Moors said,Costco is charg-
ing a maximum of 14 percent over what
they pay him, the same markup it ap-
plies to all its merchandise.
Costco is certainly not the first large
chain to offer fine art. Between 1962 and
1971, Sears sold more than 50,000 works
by artists like Picasso, Rembrandt, Cha-
gall and Whistler through its catalog
and in its stores as part of the Vincent
Price Collection of Fine Art. Customers
at Sears could buy a work on layaway
for as little as $5 down and $5 a month.
Sears guaranteed every purchase just
as it would with a refrigerator or lawn
mower.
Costco also guarantees “satisfaction
on every product we sell,with a full re-
fund” within 90 days of purchase. Mr.
Moors’s phone number is listed under
“product details” on the Web site so
that potential buyers can ask him ques-
tions. Costco stopped selling fine art in 2006
after Picasso’s daughter Maya Wid-
maier-Picasso questioned the authen-
ticity of a few drawings attributed to
her father that the store was selling.
Those works ranged in price from
$37,00 to $146,000 and did not come from
Mr. Moors, who started supplying mu-
seum-quality art to Costco in 2003.This
time, the retailer is offering lower-
priced items, he said. Shoppers who now click on the com-
pany’s Web site can find lithographs for
three and four figures, less than many
of the televisions Costco regularly sells.
The lithographs are primarily un-
signed. As Mr. Moors explained, un-
signed works eliminate the potential
problem of forged signatures. He said he was taking other steps to
ensure the art’s authenticity.“Certain
artists are known to have had prob-
lems,” he said. “For instance, although I
like him as an artist, I won’t go near
Dalí.” Mr. Moors was referring to the
proliferation of fake Dalí prints on the
market.
Ultimately, the best way to avoid sus-
picion, he said, is to work with living
artists. At the moment he plans to offer
art by Ms. Robinson and Johnny Botts,
another California artist,who says on
his Web site that he uses “simple
shapes, hard edges and happy colors”
to make his whimsical robots. Mr. Moors came across Ms. Robin-
son’s work at a boutique and studio
space she shares with a jewelry de-
signer on Mission Street near the Ber-
nal Heights section of San Francisco.
Mr. Moors chose colorful pieces that
combined fabric and paint for the Cost-
co collection, Ms. Robinson said. Her art
is being offered on consignment,and
the contract she signed with Mr. Moors
does not prevent her from selling her
artwork anywhere else, including her
own Web site. Asked what her initial reaction had
been to to Mr. Moors’s proposal to sell
her art at Costco, Ms. Robinson
searched for the right phrase.
“I was a little surprised,” she started.
“My work is very.... ” she continued. “It’s not necessarily. ... “When you think of Costco.... ”
“How should I put it?” she asked,be-
fore settling on the idea that selling her
work at Costco “would not have oc-
curred to me.”
Nonetheless, she is thrilled to have
access to Costco’s 60 million members.
“It’s a really great way to get exposure
for my work in a way I wouldn’t be able
to get on my own,” Ms. Robinson said,
adding, “I know their customers are
really important to them,and they have
a really loyal following.”
As Mr. Moors said: “She is starting
off with an audience of 60 million peo-
ple. You can social-network for the next
30 years and never get that audience.”
A New Online Shopping List for Costco: Tuna, Detergent, a Warhol
RICK BOWMER/ASSOCIATED PRESS
COURTESY OF THE ARTIST
The retail giant Costco, top left, known for selling paper towels and food in bulk, has returned to selling fine art online, like this piece by Johnny Botts.
From First Arts Page
ed the fraud.” But none of the cast or crew members
interviewed this week held the lead pro-
ducer, Ben Sprecher, responsible, and
they praised his handling of the meeting
on Monday at which he and other pro-
ducers explained what had happened. Later in the week, Karen Mason, who
was scheduled to play the malevolent
housekeeper Mrs. Danvers, issued an
open letter in which she criticized the
“speculation and innuendo” that sur-
rounded the production and how it was
being covered in the press.
For some the Monday meeting, at the
New 42nd Street Studios, was the first
and, most likely, the last time they
would see the designs for the show’s
sumptuous costumes and sets, which
now sit unused. “This business is feast or famine,”
said Roger E. DeWitt, the show’s dance
captain, who had stepped back from his
other job, as a life coach for adults with
attention deficit disorder, to make more
room for the show. “One minute you’re
there, the next minute it’s,‘Would you
like fries with that?’ You have to be re-
silient.”
tion of anonymity because her agent
had advised her to do so, citing the taint
and uncertainty surrounding “Rebec-
ca.” “There is a tremendous amount of
anger against the people who perpetrat-
Stites, who was the musical director and
music supervisor for “Rebecca.” “It’s
dressers, stage hands, the box office
people. It has a large ripple effect. I left
a national tour of ‘Les Miserables’ I was
conducting to do this and I’ve been re-
placed.”
A hit in Europe but untested in the
United States, “Rebecca” — a gothic
mystery based on the Daphne du Mau-
rier novel of the same name — was set
to be one of the bigger musicals of the
season. Mr. Phillips said his production
roster had 130 names. Scheduled to open on Nov. 18 at the
Broadhurst Theater, the show was
called off on Sunday, the day before re-
hearsals were finally going to start. The
actors and stage managers who are
members of the Actors’ Equity Associ-
ation will receive two weeks of contrac-
tual performance pay and a week of re-
hearsal pay, Maria Somma, a spokes-
woman for the union, said on Friday. “In this business you get used to
things falling through,” said Ryan Sil-
verman, a “Phantom of the Opera” vet-
eran who had the plum part of Maxim
De Winter in the new show. He was ac-
tually a beneficiary of one of the earlier
delays, after which the actor hired to
play Maxim left the production. Mr. Silverman said he was running
the vacuum cleaner on Sunday after a
visit from his three nephews and plan-
ning “to look at the script and get ready
for the first day of school, so to speak.”
Then the phone rang. “It wasn’t a shock, but I was dis-
mayed,” Mr. Silverman said. “There
was a moment of sitting down, turning
off the vacuum, and going,‘Damn it.’” Then he called his agent and his man-
ager to find work. While Mr. Silverman has Broadway
credits, for one actress “Rebecca”
would have been her Broadway debut
after 35 years in the business. “I feel like I pushed an enormous
boulder up the hill,and it fell back
down,” she said, speaking on the condi-
Demise of ‘Rebecca’ Costs More Than Money for More Than 100 Workers
PHOTOGRAPHS BY ROBERT CAPLIN
The musical director Kevin Stites, left, and the production stage manager
Tripp Phillips turned down other jobs to work on “Rebecca.”
From First Arts Page
Bad timing in a ‘feast or
famine’ business.
N
C7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
C8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
Television highlights for a full week, recent
reviews by The Times’s critics and complete
local television listings.
nytimes.com/tv
ONLINE:TELEVISION LISTINGS
Definitions of symbols used in the program listings:
★Recommended film (N) New show or episode
✩Recommended series (CC) Closed-captioned ●
New or noteworthy program
(HD) High definition Ratings:
(Y)All children (PG) Parental guidance suggested
(Y7) Directed to older children (14) Parents strongly cautioned
(G) General audience (MA) Mature audience only
The TV ratings are assigned by the producers or network. Rat-
ings for theatrical films are provided by the Motion Picture As-
sociation of America. EVENI NG
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
2
WCBS
Entertainment Tonight (N) (CC) (HD)
Made in Jersey “Pilot.” Martina makes a good impression at work. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Elementary “Pilot.” A home invasion leads to murder. (CC) (HD) (14)
48 Hours “Friends for Life.” An unfaithful husband is found dead. (N) (CC)
NEWS (N) (CC) (HD)
Jets Huddle (11:35)
> CSI: Miami “Power Trip.” (CC) (HD) (12:05)
4
WNBC
LX.TV 1stLook Lifestyle trends. (CC) (G)
College Football Miami vs. Notre Dame. (CC) (HD) NEWS David Ushery. (N) (CC) (HD)
●
Saturday Night Live Daniel Craig hosts; Muse performs. (N) (CC) (HD) (14) (11:29)
5
WNYW
College Football West Virginia vs. Texas. (CC) (HD) NEWS Christina Park. (N) (CC) Touch “Tessellations.” Martin gets involved with a heist crew. (CC) (HD) (14)
7
WABC
NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe Torres. (N) (HD)
Breast Cancer Special: New In-
novations (CC)
College Football Nebraska vs. Ohio State. (CC) (HD) NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe Torres. (N) (HD)
Private Practice A dangerous house call. (HD)
9
WWOR
Are We There Yet? (HD) (PG)
Are We There Yet? (HD) (PG)
Burn Notice “Pilot.” (CC) (HD) (Part 2 of 2) (PG)
Burn Notice “Question & Answer.” The team must rescue a child. (HD)
> Law & Order “Hot Pursuit.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Giants Access Blue (CC)
> Everybody Loves Raymond
That ’70s Show (CC) (14)
11
WPIX
> Friends (CC) (PG)
> Friends (CC) (PG)
The First Family (N) (CC) (HD)
The First Family (N) (CC) (HD)
Mr. Box Office (N) (CC) (HD)
Mr. Box Office (N) (CC) (HD)
NEWS (N) (CC) (HD) Family Guy (CC) (HD) (14)
Family Guy (CC) (HD) (14)
Futurama (CC) (HD) (PG)
13
WNET
The This Old House Hour (Season Premiere) (N) (CC) (HD) (G)
Keeping Up Ap-
pearances (CC)
As Time Goes By (CC) (PG)
. Dark Victory (1939). Bette Davis, George Brent. Stricken rich girl. Tour de force.
Owning Mahowny (2003). Disowning is a better idea. Casino manager preys on compulsive gambler. (R) (10:50)
21
WLIW
The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes God in America “A Nation Reborn; A New Light.” (CC) (PG) Live From the Artists Den (CC) Austin City Limits “Radiohead.” (N) Globe Trekker
25
WNYE
NEWS European Jrnl Travels to Edge Rudy Maxa Lidia’s Italy Winemakers Secrets $9.99 Private Sessions “Squeeze.” (CC) Video Music
31
WPXN
NUMB3RS “Noisy Edge.” (CC) (14) NUMB3RS “Man Hunt.” (CC) (PG) NUMB3RS “Judgment Call.” (CC) NUMB3RS “Better or Worse.” (CC) NUMB3RS “Obsession.” (CC) (PG) NUMB3RS (CC)
41
WXTV
Fútbol Mexicano Primera División Sábado Gigante (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) Noticias 41 Noticiero Desmadrugados
47
WNJU
. Face/Off (1997). John Travolta. F.B.I. agent trades identities with terrorist nemesis. Gripping. (R) (CC) (HD) Yo Me Llamo: Camino a la Fama Noticias Titulares Tele.12 Corazones
48
WRNN
Operation Smile (G) Paid programming
49
CPTV
This Old House Saturday Night Performances Nature (HD) (G)
50
WNJN
Moyers & Company (CC) (G) This Old House This Old House Chef! (PG) Keeping Up Last of the Wine Miranda William and Mary (CC) (G) Ballykissangel
55
WLNY
Toni On Inside Edition My Girlfriend’s Back (2009). Tangi Miller, CCH Pounder. (PG-13) Judge Judy (HD) Judge Judy (HD) America’s Court America’s Court Toni On
63
WMBC
Paid programming Blogumentary CGN World The King of Legend (PG) Paid programming Sinovision (In Chinese) (PG) Paid programming
68
WFUT
Choques Ext.Fútbol Central Fútbol Mexicano Primera División Pachuca vs León. (HD) Negocio Sucio (2007). Rick Gonzalez, Wanda De Jesus. (R) (CC) (HD) Sólo Boxeo
PREMI UM CABLE
ENC
Man of the House (2005). Tommy Lee Jones. (PG-13) (CC) (6:15)
. Men in Black (1997). Top-secret agents keep tabs on immigrant space aliens. Dryly clever sci-fi. (PG-13) (CC)
Final Destination 2 (2003). Ali Larter, A. J. Cook. (R) (CC) (9:40)
Army of Darkness (1992). Bruce Campbell. Housewares salesman in Dark Ages. Comic-bookish. (R) (CC) (11:15)
FLIX
The Core (2003). (CC) (5:30)
The Game (1997). Michael Douglas, Sean Penn. Control freak’s life disrupted. (R) (CC) (7:45)
. Reservoir Dogs (1992). Crooks regroup at warehouse after heist. Brutal and dazzling, via Tarantino. (R) (CC)
Heavenly Creatures (1994). Kate Winslet. (R) (CC) (11:40)
HBO
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hal-
lows: Part 1 (2010). (CC) (HD) (5:30)
●
Cowboys & Aliens (2011). Daniel Craig, Harrison Ford. E.T.’s attack frontier town. Wastes its clever title. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Boardwalk Empire “Bone for Tuna.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
Cowboys & Aliens (2011). Daniel Craig. E.T.’s attack frontier town. Wastes its clever title. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
HBO2
The Debt (2010). Helen Mirren, Sam Worthington. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
Treme “Knock With Me — Rock With Me.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
Treme “Saints.” Antoine’s students show interest. (CC) (HD) (MA)
The Newsroom “Amen.” The team learns about a protest. (CC) (HD)
True Blood “We’ll Meet Again.” La-
fayette endangers Sookie. (HD) (MA)
Real Time With Bill Maher (HD)
MAX
Bridesmaids (2011). Kristen Wiig, Maya Rudolph. Wedding tests wom-
en’s friendships. Giddy and liberating. (CC) (HD) (6:45)
Strike Back Knox hatches a vile plan for the bombs. (CC) (HD) (MA)
In Time (2011). Justin Timberlake, Amanda Seyfried. To stay alive, people must buy time. Spends too much of it talking. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Strike Back (CC) (HD) (11:50)
SHO
> Homeland “The Smile.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
●
50/50 (2011). Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Seth Rogen. Young man learns he has cancer. Doesn’t get under the skin. (R) (CC) (HD)
Shaquille O’Neal Presents: All Star Comedy Jam — From Orlando
> Homeland “The Smile.” (CC) (HD) (MA) (11:07)
Dexter “Are You?” (12:07)
SHO2
. Lost in Trans-
lation (2003). (6)
. Brokeback Mountain (2005). Heath Ledger, Jake Gyllenhaal. Two cowboys maintain secret romance over many years. Ledger’s performance is as good Brando’s best. (R) (CC) (HD) (7:45)
I Don’t Know How She Does It (2011). Financial exec struggles to have it all. Stuck in the past. (CC) (HD)
Bill Bellamy: Crazy Sexy Dirty The comic shares observations. (HD) (MA)
STARZ
The Smurfs (2011). Hank Azaria. Live action/animated. Fleeing Smurfs wind up in Manhattan. Surprisingly tolerable. (PG) (CC) (7:15)
. The Muppets (2011). Jason Segel, Amy Adams. Muppets reunite to save studio. Endearing. (PG) (CC)
Zookeeper (2011). Animals offer love advice to shy keeper. Messy but good-hearted. (PG) (CC) (10:50)
TMC
The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2010). Bella must choose between vamp and wolf. More entertaining than its predecessors. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:55)
Nine Lives (2002). Paris Hilton, David Nicolle. Strange happenings at old Scottish mansion. (R) (HD)
Ghosts of Goldfield (2007). Kellan Lutz. Film crew tries to find hotel maid’s spirit. (R) (CC) (HD)
Nine Lives (2002). (R) (HD)
CABLE
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
A&E
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Parking Wars (N) (CC) (PG)
Parking Wars (N) (CC) (HD) (PG)
Billy the Exter-
minator (N) (PG)
Billy the Exter-
minator (N) (HD)
Billy the Extermi-
nator (HD) (PG)
Billy the Extermi-
nator (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
ABCFAM
The Princess and the Frog (2009). Voice of Anika Noni Rose. (G) (HD) The Princess and the Frog (2009). Voice of Anika Noni Rose. (G) (HD) Last Holiday (2006). Queen Latifah. (PG-13) (HD)
AMC
Into the West “Casualties of War.” Custer’s death. (HD) (Part 5 of 6) (6)
Open Range (2003). Robert Duvall, Kevin Costner. Cattle herdsmen vs. ruthless rancher, via Costner. Head for the hills. (R) (CC) (HD)
Open Range (2003). Cattle herdsmen vs. ruthless rancher, via Costner. Head for the hills. (R) (CC) (HD)
APL
Pit Bulls and Parolees (CC) (HD) Pit Bulls and Parolees (CC) (HD) Pit Bulls and Parolees (CC) (HD) Pit Bulls and Parolees (N) (PG) Pit Bulls and Parolees (CC) (HD) Pit Bulls-Parole
BBCA
Star Trek: The Next Generation Doctor Who (CC) (HD) (PG) Bedlam “The Long Drop.” (N) (HD) Hex (CC) (HD) (Part 1 of 2) (14) Simon Amstell: Do Nothing (N) (14) Bedlam (HD) (14)
BET
Stomp the Yard 2: Homecoming (2010). Collins Pennie, David Banner. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Battlefield America (2012). Marques Houston, Mekia Cox. Businessman gets involved with dance crew. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Soul Plane (2004). Kevin Hart, Tom Arnold. Wildly farci-
cal journey of flight No. 069. Relentless raunch. (R) (CC)
BIO
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) 25 Scariest Moments uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained Ghost Stories
BLOOM
> Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD) Women to Watch (HD) Political Capital Ryan’s Russia
> Charlie Rose (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Bloomberg Political Capital
BRV
The Real Housewives of Miami “Text, Lies and Your Smile Is Fake.”
The Real Housewives of Miami “A Mynt Meltdown.”
The Real Housewives of Miami “She Beat Me to the Tweet!”
. Groundhog Day (1993). Bill Murray. Smug weatherman condemned to relive Feb. 2 over and over again in Punxsutawney, Pa. Witty and resonant. (PG)
. Groundhog Day (1993). (PG)
CBSSN
S.E.C. Tonight College Football Hawaii vs. San Diego State. (HD) Inside College Football
CMT
Sweet Home Alabama (2002). Reese Witherspoon. (PG-13) (HD) (6:30) Bayou Billion Bayou Billion Redneck Rehab (N) (CC) (HD) Bayou Billion Bayou Billion Bayou Billion
CN
Open Season 3 (2010). Steve Schirripa. (PG) Looney Tunes Venture Bros.Family Guy (14) Family Guy (14) Cleveland Show Black Dynamite The Boondocks Bleach (N) (14)
CNBC
Money in Motion Currency
How I Made My Millions
Ultimate Factories “Peterbilt.” A Pe-
terbilt Motors factory in Texas. (G)
The Suze Orman Show “It’s Pay Back Time.” (N) (CC)
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Til Debt Do Us Part (CC)
Ultimate Factories “John Deere.” Deere & Co. in Moline, Ill. (G)
The Suze Orman Show (CC)
CNN
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Secrets of the Belfast Project (N) (HD)
Piers Morgan Tonight (HD) CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) Secrets of the Belfast Project (HD)
Piers Morgan Tonight (HD)
COM
Get Him to the Greek (HD) (5)
Get Him to the Greek (2010). Jonah Hill, Russell Brand. Rock star must be brought to Los Angeles. Brand is brilliantly unpredictable. (CC) (HD)
Jeff Dunham: Spark of Insanity (CC) (14) Gabriel Iglesias: I’m Not Fat. I’m Fluffy The comic performs. (HD) (14)
COOK
Food(ography) Food(ography) Everyday Italian Kelsey’s Ess.Eden Eats “Tampa.” (HD) Bitchin’ Kitchen Bitchin’ Kitchen Dinner Imposs.Eat St. (HD) Everyday Italian
CSPAN
2004 Vice Presidential Debate 2008 Vice Presidential Debate Joe Biden and Sarah Palin debate. (8:45) 1984 Vice Presidental Debate (10:20) 1988--Debate
CSPAN2
Book TV “I Am the Change.” (N) Book TV The 2012 Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards. (N) Book TV: After Words (N) Book TV “Escape From North Korea.” (N)
CUNY
Eldridge & Co.City Talk Criminal Justice Theater Talk (G)
. The Passion of Anna (1969). Liv Ullmann, Bibi Andersson. (R) TimesTalks (11:10) Real
DIS
Jessie (CC) (HD) (G)
Jessie “Evil Times Two.” (HD)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
A.N.T. Farm (CC) (HD)
Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G)
Phineas and Ferb (CC) (HD)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Wizards of Wa-
verly Place (HD)
Wizards of Wa-
verly Place (HD)
Wizards of Wa-
verly Place (HD)
DIY
That’s So 80’s Man Caves (HD) Holmes on Homes (HD) (G) Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Family Under Renov. Real.That’s So 80’s That’s So 80’s Renov. Real.
DSC
Fast N’ Loud “Fast & Furious Fair-
mont.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Winged Planet Our world from a bird’s eye view. (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) Alaska: The Last Frontier “Dead of Winter.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Winged Planet Our world from a bird’s eye view. (CC) (HD) (PG)
E!
Jonas Jonas
. Adventureland (2009). Jesse Eisenberg, Kristen Stewart. (R) (HD) Jonas Jonas Fashion Police (HD) (14) The Soup (HD)
ENCFAM
Ghostbusters II (1989). Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd. (PG) (CC) Cops and Robbersons (1994). (PG) (CC) (8:50)
. The Preacher’s Wife (1996). Denzel Washington. (PG) (CC)
ESPN
College Football Georgia vs. South Carolina. (HD) College Football College Football Washington vs. Oregon. (HD)
ESPN2
College Football Scoreboard (HD) College Football Florida State vs. North Carolina State. (HD) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) SportsCenter
ESPNCL
30 for 30 (HD) (6:30) 30 for 30 The rise, fall and comeback of running back Marcus Dupree. (HD) 30 for 30 The rise, fall and comeback of running back Marcus Dupree. (HD) 30 for 30 (HD)
FOOD
Halloween Wars (HD) Halloween Wars (HD) Halloween Wars (HD) Halloween Wars (HD) Iron Chef America (HD) Halloween Wars
FOXMOV
Radio (2003). (PG) (CC) (5:30)
FXM Presents (CC) (MA) (7:45)
Men of Honor (2000). Robert De Niro, Cuba Gooding Jr. Navy’s first black diver. Square and sentimental, but at least it’s not cynical. (R) (CC)
Men of Honor (2000). Robert De Niro, Cuba Gooding Jr. Navy’s first black diver. Square and sentimental, but at least it’s not cynical. (R) (CC)
FOXNEWS
Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD)
Stossel (HD) The Journal Edi-
torial Report
Fox News Watch (HD)
Justice With Judge Jeanine
FSC
EPL Soccer U.E.F.A. Mag.English Premier League Soccer Chelsea FC vs Norwich City FC. (HD) Fox Soccer News (HD) English Premier League Soccer
FUSE
Off Beat (HD) Off Beat (HD) Top 100 Hottest Hooks Top 100 Hottest Hooks Top 100 Hottest Hooks Top 100 Hottest Hooks Hottest Hooks
FX
Big Daddy (1999). Adam Sandler. (PG-13) (HD) (6)
Grown Ups (2010). Adam Sandler, Kevin James. Five childish men relive their childhoods. It doesn’t get worse than this. (PG-13) (HD)
. The Waterboy (1998). Adam Sandler, Kathy Bates. Hot-tempered water-
boy signed on as defensive tackle. Unapologetically loony. (PG-13) (HD)
You Don’t Mess With the Zohan
G4
Assassins (1995). Sylvester Stallone. (R) (HD) (5:30) Cobra (1993, TVF). Undercover agent seeks his father’s killer. (HD) Tango & Cash (1989). L.A. narcotics cops. Dumb jokes and bulging biceps.
GOLF
Golf Central (HD) P.G.A. Tour Golf Web.com: Neediest Kids Championship, third round.P.G.A. Tour Golf Justin Timberlake Shriners Hospitals for Children Open, third round. From Las Vegas. (HD)
GSN
Minute to Win It (CC) (HD) (PG) Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed
HALL
The Flower Girl (2009, TVF). Marla Sokoloff, Kieren Hutchison. (CC) (HD) The Wish List (2010, TVF). Jennifer Esposito, David Sutcliffe. (CC) (HD) Accidentally in Love (2010, TVF). Jennie Garth. (CC) (HD)
HGTV
House Hunters Renovation (HD) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) Love It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Love It or List It
HIST
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “Big Guns.” (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “Dirty Sox.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (10:31)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:02)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:32)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
HLN
Evidence Evidence The Investigators “Helzer Skelter.” Evidence Evidence The Investigators “Lone Fugitive.” Evidence Evidence Investigators
ID
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Dirty Little Lies (CC) (HD) (14)
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Deadly Affairs “Lethal Acquisition.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
IFC
The Eye (2008). Jessica Alba, Alessandro Nivola. (PG-13) (HD) (6)
. The Exorcist (1973). Ellen Burstyn, Linda Blair. Adolescent girl possessed by the Devil, via Friedkin. Scary then, new footage now. (R) (HD)
The Descent (2005). Shauna Macdonald, Natalie Mendoza. Six spelunkers encounter hungry underground predators. (R) (HD) (10:45)
LIFE
Tyler Perry’s the Family That Preys (2008). (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:30)
●
Abducted: The Carlina White Story (2012, TVF). Aunjanue Ellis, Keke Palmer. Woman learns she was kidnapped at birth. (CC) (HD)
●
Beyond the Headlines: The Car-
lina White Story (N) (CC) (HD)
Beyond the Headlines: Officer and a Murderer (CC) (HD) (14)
Abducted: Car-
lina White Story
LMN
In the Name of Love: A Texas Tragedy (1995, TVF). (CC) (6)
Project Runway “Women on the Go.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Project Runway “It’s My Way on the Runway.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Project Runway “Fix My Friend.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Project Runway “Oh My Lord and Taylor.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Project Runway (CC) (HD) (PG)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
LOGO
16 and Pregnant “Izabella.” Izabella must reevaluate her friends. (CC)
> Nip/Tuck “Candy Richards.” Trag-
edy strikes the office. (CC)
> Nip/Tuck “Ronnie Chase.” Chris-
tian gets troubling news. (CC)
> Nip/Tuck “Gene Shelly.” Christian and Liz grow closer. (CC) (MA)
The Comedians of Comedy: Live at the El Rey Comics perform in tour finale. (CC) (14)
MIL
DEFCON-2: Cuban Missile Crisis Red Dawn (1984). Patrick Swayze. WWIII, in Soviet-held Colorado town. Feverishly gung-ho. (PG-13) Red Dawn (1984). Patrick Swayze. (PG-13)
MLB
M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight M.L.B. Tonight: Wild Card Edition Wild Card
MSG
The Essential Games: Rangers The Essential Games: Rangers 2011-12 From Jan. 21, 2012.10 to One Beginnings The Essential Games: Rangers 2011-12
MSGPL
Giants Rewind Belmont Park 30 Horse Racing Shadwell Turf Mile.World Poker Tour: Season 10 Boxing (HD) College Football
MSNBC
Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup: Raw “Hardcore.” (HD) Lockup: Raw (HD) Lockup: Raw (HD) Lockup: Raw “The Three R’s.” (HD) Lockup: Raw
MTV
True Life Jersey Shore “Once More Unto the Beach; No Shame, Good Integrity.”
. Independence Day (1996). Will Smith, Bill Pullman. (PG-13)
NBCS
College Central Dream On: Journey Game On!M.L.S. Real Salt Lake vs. Los Angeles Galaxy. (HD) M.L.S. 36 (HD) M.L.S.
NGEO
Hard Time (HD) (14) Hard Time “Revolving Door.” (HD) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Hard Time “Revolving Door.” (HD) Alaska-Trooper
NICK
iCarly (CC) (G) iCarly (CC) (HD) iCarly “iShock America.” (N) (HD) See Dad Run (N) Big Time Rush
> The Nanny
> The Nanny
> Friends (14)
> Friends (14)
> Friends (14)
NICKJR
Fresh Beat Go, Diego, Go!Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Mom Friends Parental Discr.NickMom, Out Carol Brady Mom Friends
NY1
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
OVA
The Lost World (CC) (14) (5)
. Gangs of New York (2002). Daniel Day-Lewis. When streets were really mean (the 1860s), via Scorsese. Flawed but brutal, important, indelible. (R) (HD) The Lost World
OWN
Prison Wives “Pam Booker.” (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (N) (HD) Iyanla, Fix My Life (N) (HD) (PG) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Sweetie Pie’s
OXY
Monster-in-Law (2005). (PG-13) (6) The Break-Up (2006). Vince Vaughn, Jennifer Aniston. (PG-13) (CC) Monster-in-Law (2005). Jennifer Lopez, Jane Fonda. (PG-13) The Break-Up
SCIENCE
Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco
SMITH
Titanoboa: Monster Snake (HD) (6) Legend of the Crystal Skull (HD) Apocalypse The Second World Lions in Battle (CC) (HD) (PG) Legend of the Crystal Skull (HD) Apocalypse
SNY
Jets Game Plan College Football South Florida vs. Temple. (CC) (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
SOAP
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
SPEED
Nascar Racing Sprint Cup: Talladega 500, qualifying. From Talladega Superspeedway in Alabama. (HD) Monterey Motorsports Reunion Formula 1 Debrief (HD) F1 Racing
SPIKE
Bar Rescue “Weber’s of Lies.” (HD) Bar Rescue “Bikini Bust.” (HD) (PG) Bar Rescue “On the Rocks.” (HD) Bar Rescue (HD) (PG) Tattoo Rescue “Just Deadly.” (HD) Bar Rescue (HD)
STYLE
America’s Next Top Model (CC) Giuliana & Bill (HD) (PG) Sunshine Cleaning (2008). Amy Adams, Emily Blunt. (R) (HD)
. The Deep End of the Ocean (1999). (PG-13) (HD)
SUN
Get to Work “Wake Up and Smell Reality.” (CC) (HD) (14)
. Thumbsucker (2005). Lou Pucci, Tilda Swinton. (R) (CC)
Land of the Heads (HD) (9:45)
Thank You for Smoking (2005). Aaron Eckhart, Maria Bello. (R) (CC)
Soft (CC) Macho (2009). (CC)
SYFY
Queen of the Damned (2002). Anne Rice’s Vampire Lestat becomes rock star. “All My Coffins” tangle of bloodless lines and twitchy maxims. (HD)
Primal (2009). Krew Boylan, Ch’aska Cuba de Reed. Six friends go camping in the outback of Australia. (HD)
Carny (2009, TVF). Lou Diamond Phillips, Alan C. Peterson. Devilish creature escapes from carnival.
TBS
M.L.B. Oakland Athletics vs. Detroit Tigers. American League Division Series, Game 1. (HD) (6)
M.L.B. Cincinnati Reds vs. San Francisco Giants. National League Division Series, Game 1. (HD)
TCM
Buck and the Preacher (1972). Sidney Poitier. (GP) (CC) (6)
. Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). Richard Dreyfuss, Teri Garr. Brilliant sci-fi adventure. (PG) (CC)
The Wind and the Lion (1975). Sean Connery. Adventure drama set in bygone Morocco. After this, Candice Bergen switched to comedy. (PG)
TLC
Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real
TNT
. A Time to Kill (1996). Matthew McConaughey, Sandra Bullock. Grisham’s young lawyer with polarizing mur-
der case. Sweeping Southern drama. (R) (CC) (HD)
Double Jeopardy (1999). Tommy Lee Jones. Woman wrongly jailed for murdering husband. Mechanical and momentum-free. (R) (CC) (HD)
. The Client (1994). (CC) (HD)
TRAV
Legends Of Hawaii (N) (CC) (HD) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
TRU
Wipeout “Welcome Back America.” Wipeout (CC) (Part 1 of 2) Wipeout “World Cup.” (CC) (PG) Operation Repo Operation Repo Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Most Shocking
TVLAND
Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
USA
G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009). Channing Tatum. Soldiers battle arms dealer. Insult to toys and comic books. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Resident Evil: Afterlife (2010). Milla Jovovich, Ali Larter. Alice and her companions head to a rumored safe haven in Los Angeles. (R) (CC) (HD)
G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009). Soldiers battle arms dealer. Insult to toys and comic books. (CC) (HD)
VH1
Chrissy & Jones Chrissy & Jones Basketball Wives LA (HD) Couples Therapy (14)
. Saturday Night Fever (1977). John Travolta, Karen Lynn Gorney. (R) (CC)
WE
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (N) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera: Unveiled (G)
My Fair Wed-
ding: Unveiled
YES
CenterStage (HD) CenterStage (HD) CenterStage (HD) CenterStage (HD) CenterStage (HD) Football
8 P.M. (Showtime) 50/50 (2011) After Adam
(Joseph Gordon-Levitt), a 27-year-old radio
producer, learns he has a malignant and
potentially fatal spinal tumor, his best friend,
Kyle (Seth Rogen, above right, with Mr.
Gordon-Levitt), takes it upon himself to lighten
his load in this comedy-drama directed by
Jonathan Levine and written by Will Reiser,
based on Mr. Reiser’s experiences with cancer.
Bryce Dallas Howard plays Adam’s chilly artist
girlfriend. Anna Kendrick is Katherine, the
therapist assigned to Adam. “The likable Mr.
Gordon-Levitt has a thousand ways to look
unhappy, dejected, depressed, freaked out,
wrung out and sick to his stomach, but there’s
something so recessive about Adam, or rather
underconceived, that the character never grabs
you as hard as you expect and really need,”
Manohla Dargis wrote in The New York Times.
“The problem isn’t that he needs to win you
over: the diagnosis and Mr. Gordon-Levitt’s
natural appeal put you on Adam’s side readily
enough. It’s that neither the actor nor the
filmmakers can get under Adam’s skin, despite
all the close-ups and the moodily shot scenes
filled with the kind of movie silence that feels
more like the groping of an uncertain
screenwriter than of a man facing his mortality.”
NOON (13) RICHARD HEFFNER’S OPEN
MINDKaren Davis, the president of the
Commonwealth Fund, concludes her discussion
about President Obama’s health care overhaul.
3 P.M. (21) GOING BLIND: COMING OUT OF
THE DARK ABOUT VISION LOSS (2010)
Joseph Lovett chronicles his adjustment to low
vision caused by glaucoma while telling the
stories of six sight-impaired residents of New
York and New Jersey.
8 P.M. (HBO) COWBOYS & ALIENS (2011)
Daniel Craig gets double billing on Saturday
night, starting here as Jake Lonergan, who
wakes up bloodied
and dazed in 1873
Arizona with a
strange metallic
bracelet locked on his
wrist that turns him
into a cowboy with a
zap gun, right — the
better to join forces
with a ruthless cattle
baron (Harrison Ford) and a mysterious
traveler (Olivia Wilde) to subdue an army of
aliens that is snatching up the townsfolk. The
director, Jon Favreau, “can have a nice light
touch, and his actors always seem as if they
were happy to be there, which is true here too,”
Ms. Dargis wrote in The Times of this
adaptation of a graphic novel by Scott Mitchell
Rosenberg. “Here, though, he wavers
uncertainly between goofy pastiche and
seriousness in a movie that wastes its title and
misses the opportunity to play with, you know,
ideas about the western and science-fiction
horror.” On “Saturday Night Live,” at 11:30 on
NBC, Mr. Craig, who reprises his role as James
Bond in the coming film “Skyfall,” takes center
stage as host. Muse is the musical guest. 8 P.M. (Lifetime) ABDUCTED: THE CARLINA
WHITE STORY (2012) In August 1987, Joy White
(Sherri Shepherd) and Carl Tyson (Roger
Cross) took their 19-day-old
daughter, Carlina, to Harlem
Hospital in New York with a
high fever. Ann Pettway
(Aunjanue Ellis, left), who had
experienced a series of
miscarriages and was
desperate for a child of her
own, posed as a nurse, walked
out of the hospital with Carlina
and raised the baby as her
own in Bridgeport, Conn. But
as Carlina (Keke Palmer)
grew into adulthood, she began to suspect that
Ms. Pettway was not her birth mother. After
contacting the National Center for Missing and
Exploited Children, Carlina was reunited with
her parents in January 2011. At 10, Ms. White,
her parents and the family of Ms. Pettway offer
their perspectives on the case. In February Ms.
Pettway pleaded guilty to a federal kidnapping
charge and was sentenced in July to 12 years in
prison.
9 P.M. (CUNY) EUROPEAN MASTERS:
TRUFFAUT & BERGMAN This tribute to the
directors François Truffaut and Ingmar
Bergman concludes with a new print of “The
Passion of Anna” (1969), Bergman’s story about
a solitary man (Max von Sydow) drawn into a
friendship with an architect (Erland
Josephson), his wife (Bibi Andersson) and their
best friend (Liv Ullmann), who is recovering
from a car accident in which she, the driver,
survived her husband and child. “‘The Passion
of Anna’ is one of Bergman’s most beautiful
films (it is his second in color), all tawny, wintry
grays and browns, deep blacks, and dark
greens, highlighted occasionally by splashes of
red, sometimes blood,” Vincent Canby wrote in
The Times. “It is also, on the surface, one of his
most lucid, if a film that tries to dramatize
spiritual exhaustion can ever be said to be really
lucid.” KATHRYNSHATTUCK
WHAT’S ON TODAY
CHRIS HELCERMANAS-BENGE/SUMMIT ENTERTAINMENT
ØØ
N
D1
SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
The Playoffs
By HARVEY ARATON
MONTCLAIR, N.J. — If ever there were a picture-
perfect day for high school sports, it was a sun-
drenched Saturday afternoon in early September when
the first intratown soccer showdown in a dozen years
took place in this bustling suburb.
Next door to Montclair High School’s soccer field,
the football stadium was packed for the season opener.
Parked cars lined otherwise quiet neighborhood streets.
The late-summer air was
heavy with anticipation as
fans filled the soccer bleach-
ers to see if Montclair Kim-
berley Academy, small in
size but having grown in
stature as an Essex County
power, could beat its larger,
public crosstown rival for
the first time.
Peering into the stands
at familiar faces from fam-
ilies of both schools and then
to the other end of the field
at several of the Montclair
Kimberley boys he had played with on youth teams, the
Montclair High senior midfielder Oliver Murphy could
hardly contain himself.
“The kind of game you dream about,” Murphy, one
of his team’s captains, would say. “You see your parents
coming in with all these other people from town, you’re
with your teammates getting ready — that’s why we
play, for those kinds of moments.”
From the moment he had seen the 2012 schedule,
Murphy — Oli to coaches and teammates — had been
counting down to the first of two showdowns with the
school known as M.K.A. The night before the game, he
was wound up — excited, nervous, restless. On game
day he had difficulty keeping down the little breakfast
he ate.
Murphy, 17, was not the only Montclair High soccer
star grappling with his emotions that afternoon. Up in
the grassy area behind the visitors’ bench that Mont-
clair Coach Jack Weber liked to call Heckle Hill — be-
cause students traditionally gathered to razz the opposi-
tion — Joseph Rodriguez, 16, was getting sideways Forced to Choose in Soccer:
Club or Community
The passion involved with Montclair High School’s game against ri-
val Montclair Kimberly Academy was something Joseph Rodriguez,
belowcenter, had to give up to continue playing for an academy.
JUAN ARREDONDO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
CHRISTOPHER GREGORY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The increasing
professionalization
of youth sports can
take a toll on
families, players
and their high
school teams. Continued on Page D2
By GREG BISHOP
To transform Boston University from a commuter
school to an enviable private institution,its longtime
president and chancellor,John R. Silber, who died last
week, relied on innovation, his endless ideas both popu-
lar and despised.
Silber made no secret that he disliked football.
Among his earliest proposals, he floated an idea that
aimed to fix what he saw as a growing problem in col-
lege athletics, a problem that, incidentally, never went
away, that grew larger over time and now seems to
have no end in sight.
College football coaches held too much power, Sil-
ber thought.
So in 1972, he proposed that none of them be al-
lowed to coach on game day.
Imagine that. Imagine Lane Kiffin in the stands at
Southern California, feet reclined, his work done, adult
beverage in hand. Imagine the sidelines freed of all
those grown men screaming into headsets, call sheets
covering their mouths, clad in khaki pants. Imagine
telecasts absent coaches, those makers of millions,
monarchs, more powerful than college presidents or
university boards.
“I have recommended that we adopt a rule in our
conference prohibiting coaches from engaging in con-
tact with their teams during the playing of the game,”
Silber was quoted as saying. “It would be highly desir-
able, in my opinion, to restore the position of quarter-
back to its former dignity and turn the game over to the
students.”
Less likely than unlikely? Sure. Logistically impos-
sible? Yes. But Silber’s theory also identified an issue in
college athletics that would only become more perti-
nent, more obvious, in the four decades that followed.
Silber knew not of Joe Paterno or Bobby Petrino or Rick
Pitino. He knew not of Jim Tressel or George O’Leary or
Bob Knight.
All surfaced, at one point or another, on the grow-
ANALYSIS
Imagining
A Sideline
Minus Coaches
Continued on Page D7
By MIKE TIERNEY
ATLANTA — St. Louis vs. Atlanta on
Friday carried a double dose of ex-
pectation.
It was baseball’s first wild-card game,
the inauguration of Commissioner Bud
Selig’s front-loaded expansion to the
playoffs.
It was poten-
tially Chipper
Jones’s last
game in his
wire-to-wire career with the Braves
spanning 19 remarkable seasons.
But the lasting memories of a 6-3 Car-
dinals victory were provided by Jones’s
pivotal fielding error, compounded by a
forgettable night at the plate, and a dis-
puted infield-fly-rule decision by the
umpiring crew that ignited an outbreak
of fan misbehavior.
While the slugger Albert Pujols (relo-
cated) and Manager Tony La Russa (re-
tired) no longer cast long shadows, the
defending World Series champions will
begin a best-of-five-game set Sunday
with the Washington Nationals at home
in a National League division series.
The Braves are done for the season —
and their longtime leader is done for
good.
“I’ll walk out of here knowing I
brought it every day,” Jones said. “It
makes walking away on the final day a
little bit easier.”
At the same time, Jones acknowl-
edged that his performance on Friday,
hardly suited to a surefire Hall of Fam-
er, left a sour taste that might take a
while to rinse out.
The Braves led by 2-0 in the fourth in-
ning when Jones, whose glove work
over the years has enhanced his creden-
tials for Cooperstown, collected a one-
hopper on what seemed an inevitable
around-the-horn double play. But his
errant throw to second base veered into
right field, and the Cardinals capitalized
with three runs.
“Ultimately, I feel like I’m the one to
blame,” Jones said. “It was a tailor-
made double-play ball. It seemed like
that play right there turned everything
around.”
The wayward toss established an un-
wanted template for Atlanta. Two sub-
sequent misfires by infielders Dan
Uggla and Andrelton Simmons enabled
St. Louis to accumulate its six runs after
Disputed Ruling Falls the Cardinals’ Way CARDINALS 6
BRAVES 3
St. Louis advances ABOVE, SCOTT CUNNINGHAM/GETTY IMAGES; RIGHT, TODD KIRKLAND/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A fly ball in the eighth fell between the Cardinals’ Matt Holliday, above left, and Pete Kozma,
but the infield fly rule was called, prompting a protest from Braves Manager Fredi Gonzalez.
KEVIN C. COX/GETTY IMAGES
The game was delayed for 19 minutes after the disputed call while the grounds crew collected debris thrown by the crowd at Turner Field.
Continued on Page D5
AMERICAN LEAGUE
Oakland at Detroit
6 p.m. Saturday NATIONAL LEAGUE
Cincinnati
at San Francisco
9:30 p.m. Saturday Division Series: Game 1
Baltimore continued its charmed
season with a 5-1 victory at Texas
and will host the Yankees on Sunday
night in a division series. Page D5.
Orioles Oust Rangers
And Will Face Yankees
looks and pointed questions.
Why wasn’t he — Montclair’s leading scorer
as a sophomore the previous season — out on the
field? Was he injured? Academically ineligible? He
tried to explain that he had quit the team but not
because he did not want to play.
It is complicated, he said, and left it at that.
In addition to being Montclair High team-
mates last year, Murphy and Rodriguez competed
together for Match Fit, a prestigious soccer acad-
emy boasting a cooperative relationship with the
famed English club Chelsea. But when the United
States Soccer Federation announced early this
year that players in its 80 affiliated academies
would no longer be permitted to participate in high
school soccer in an effort to mimic the internation-
al player developmental model, Murphy and Rod-
riguez — like thousands of boys nationwide —
were forced into the delicate position of choosing
between club and community.
The United States has been able to produce
world-class players in other team sports — like
basketball and baseball — using schools as athletic
spawning grounds. But national soccer officials
have come to the conclusion that having young
players split their time between schools and clubs
will never produce enough world-class talent need-
ed to compete at the top international level with
countries that have had a huge training and cultur-
al advantage. Hence,the decision to force teen-
agers into making profound choices that can be
complicated — and costly — for their families.
In Montclair, the Rodriguez and Murphy fam-
ilies are vivid examples of how this issue — the in-
creasing professionalization of youth sports — is
playing out across the country.
“My first reaction when I heard about the rule
was that I was devastated,” Murphy said. “I was
really upset that I would have to even make that
choice. But I thought it over,and there was no way
I would miss my high school season, my senior
year.”
A grade behind Murphy, Rodriguez weighed
the attraction of his hometown team and friends
against the benefits of academy training and play-
ing against the best competition available, even if
practices were more than an hour’s drive away
and game travel — along the Eastern Seaboard,
stretching into Virginia — was typically much far-
ther.
With a heavy heart, he pledged allegiance to
the academy and left the team that admittedly was
the more enjoyable social experience.
“I loved being on the high school team —
these were the kids I played with all my life,” Rod-
riguez said. “But my dream is to have a chance at
making a national team and playing professional
soccer.”
Weber, Montclair’s coach of 27 years, dealt
with the blow of Rodriguez’s departure philosophi-
cally and pragmatically. He knew that Rodriguez,
with Match Fit’s advocacy, had been invited to a
national team camp in California in the summer of
2011. And while falling short of making a residency
program in Bradenton, Fla., Rodriguez had aspira-
tions of playing for the United States in the FIFA
U-17 World Cup next fall in the United Arab Emir-
ates.
“It became very clear that his longer-term
goal from when Joey was a freshman was to be
identified and get into the U-17 World Cup pool,
and we talked about what he needed to do to get
there,” Weber said. “He was very passionate and
wanted to do everything he could for the high
school — and to this day I think it still tears at him
— but let’s face it: the coach that might identify
him for that pool of players is not going to be
watching M.K.A.and Montclair High on a Satur-
day afternoon. In his case, he’s probably where he
needs to be.”
Grueling High School Schedule
Besides the benefits of being tagged and iden-
tified by national team officials and Division I col-
lege coaches at academy games and regional
showcases, Rodriguez lamented the grueling, con-
densed schedule of the high school season, which
plays out in about two months after workouts com-
mence in mid-August.
“I got injured both years — hit in the head and
a sprained knee ligament,” he said. “High school
soccer is very physical, not as much fun on a tech-
nical level.”
Weber acknowledged there were specific de-
velopmental disadvantages, noting that his team
began this season with five games in 10 days
against formidable league opponents, leaving
scant time for training.
“I often say that 90 percent of my coaching is
done during the preseason because the rest of the
time I’m taping ankles and putting on Band-Aids
and being a cheerleader in getting them up for the
next one,” Weber said. “The high school rules don’t
allow us to put out the kind of program that they
can put out at the club level.”
That was the training rationale behind the fed-
eration’s decision to create an all-in program that
would directly conflict with the high school season,
said Bob Montgomery, the academy director for
Red Bull New York, one of four academies affiliat-
ed with U.S.Soccer in New Jersey. “What we’ve learned from the rest of the
world is that the ideal is three to four practices and
one game a week that tests how they’re doing their
work,” he said. “But change is always difficult, es-
pecially where you have a situation where players
have already been on a high school team for a cou-
ple of years and feel they are having something
taken away from them. So this has created a lot of
problems, a lot of controversy.”
Most irritating to Weber and other public
school coaches has been the willingness of some
academies to grant waivers to a few players at-
tending private and parochial schools. Red Bull
and Match Fit each acknowledged they were al-
lowing one academy player to compete for his high
school this season. Tony Lepore, the director of scouting for the
national development academy, said “a few ex-
ceptions” were made for those receiving financial
assistance to attend a particular school. While pri-
vate and parochial schools have historically denied
recruiting and providing athletic scholarships,
Lepore said,“Whether they call it tuition aid or a
subsidized scholarship, there’s an understanding
that they will play a sport.” When formulating or enforcing policy, U.S.
Soccer has no interest in the outcome of high
school leagues, he added. Whatever imbalances
may have been created between public and pri-
vate, the hope is that the next generation of elite
players will accept the cultural shift and the need
for them to separate, as is done elsewhere in the
world. A planned expansion of the academy pro-
gram will include 13- and 14-year-olds, meaning
academy-caliber players would never play a sea-
son of high school soccer.
Weber said the issue on a larger scale was not
so much the adoption of the international develop-
ment ideal or even the arbitrary waivers. It was
the question of whether the policy is casting too
wide a net when looking for boys with national
team or professional potential.
And how many might needlessly sacrifice the
benefits — social and otherwise — of playing for
their schools and communities?
Not Just for Future Pros
Noting that the academy operated by Red Bull
not only has a direct affiliation with Major League
Soccer but is the only one of the four in New Jersey
that is free, Weber said: “If they’re paying for a
kid to have a 10-month experience, of consistent
coaching, how can I argue with that? But some of
the clubs charge for it. That’s where I have a ques-
tion: Are there that many kids at that caliber that
the New Jersey area can support four teams at ev-
ery grade level? I could make the argument prob-
ably not. What I worry about is the possibility of
parents buying false hope.” Lepore contended that the academy program
is not solely fixated on breeding professionals, or
national team players.
“It’s about taking a player to the highest level
he is capable of reaching, whether that’s profes-
sional, home or abroad, or into college,” he said,
adding that parents can be assured that there is “a
high level of accountability” because U.S.Soccer
has selectively accredited its academies, graded
them on a five-star scale and approved only three
new applications out of 200 last year.
“That said, we do understand the academies
are not for everyone. It comes down to a family de-
cision.”
Yael Averbuch, who is arguably Montclair
High’s best-known soccer player but who never
played a minute for the school on the way to earn-
ing a spot in the national team pool and a schol-
arship at North Carolina, said the decision to pur-
sue sports at the highest level was not different
from investing in any talented child’s pursuit of ad-
mission to a prestigious conservatory or theater
program.
In an e-mail from Sweden, where she is play-
ing professionally, Averbuch said: “I do feel that I JUAN ARREDONDO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Earlier this year, the U.S. Soccer Federation said players in its affiliated developmental academies would no longer be able to participate on high school teams, like Montclair High.
Forced to Choose: Club or Community
From First Sports Page
By PAT BORZI
EDEN PRAIRIE, Minn. —The
chest thumping stopped as soon
as the Minnesota Vikings players
arrived for meetings and practice
Monday. Though his team was surpris-
ingly in first place in the N.F.C.
North with a 3-1 record — as
many victories as the Vikings
managed all last season —Coach
Leslie Frazier chose realism over
the tired, nobody-believed-in-us-
but-us mantra that pervades so
many squads that start well after
low preseason expectations.
Frazier showed the players a
staff-generated graphic detailing
the positives through the first
quarter of the season and what
the team needed to do in the next
four-game period to keep win-
ning. Frazier declined to offer
specifics to reporters, but the un-
derlying message was unmistak-
able: No bragging. We haven’t
done anything yet.
“One thing with Coach Frazier,
he makes sure we stay humble
and not think we’ve made it,”
safety Jamarca Sanford said. “We
started off 3-1. Who says we
couldn’t still end up 3-13? It’s
great to get off to a 3-1 start, but
we’ve got to keep it going, and
there’s always room for improve-
ment.”
Added Frazier: “We’ve all seen
teams that have gotten off to good
starts and they’re nowhere to be
found when December rolls
around. We don’t want to be one
of those teams.” That humble perspective may
be unusual in an N.F.L.locker
room,but it fits with Frazier, once
a low-key cornerback for the
brash Chicago Bears who swag-
gered to a Super Bowl champi-
onship after the 1985 season. (Fra-
zier appeared briefly in the famed
“Super Bowl Shuffle” rap video
featuring the team’s stars.) Vikings fans expected so little
of this team that the first two
games at the Metrodome did not
sell out, ending a run of 144 con-
secutive sellouts since 1998. Their
pessimism seemed warranted.
With the four-time Pro Bowl run-
ning back Adrian Peterson recov-
ering from two torn knee liga-
ments, the second-year quarter-
back Christian Ponder still learn-
ing the coordinator Bill Mus-
grave’s system, and a defense
susceptible to the pass, the Vik-
ings appeared likely headed for a
third consecutive losing season.
But the front seven, keyed by
the veteran linemen Jared Allen
and Kevin Williams,slowed the
run and pressured quarterbacks
better than expected, despite los-
ing outside linebacker Erin Hen-
derson the last two weeks to a
concussion. Peterson, though still
not at full speed, rushed for 102
yards last week against Detroit.
Going into Sunday’s game
against Tennessee (1-3) at the
Metrodome, Ponder has yet to
throw an interception in 123
passes, making him the only
starter in the league without one.
He had 13 last season in 10 starts.
“A year ago, some of those
plays where he’s throwing the
ball away would have been sacks,
and some would have been in-
terceptions,” Frazier said. “He’s
just making much better deci-
sions, and he’s more decisive in
some of the things that he’s doing
in the pocket.”
Special teams have been partic-
ularly good. The rookie place-
kicker Blair Walsh,who replaced
the veteran Ryan Longwell,has
made 9 of 10 field-goal attempts,
including the tying and winning
kicks in a 26-23 overtime victory
over Jacksonville in the season
opener. In last week’s 20-13 vic-
tory at Detroit, Percy Harvin re-
turned the opening kickoff for a
touchdown and Marcus Sherels
ran back a third-quarter punt for
a score, making up for an offense
that managed only two field
goals. Harvin leads the N.F.L.
with a 38.3-yard kick return aver-
age and 698 combined net yards.
“I call him a Baby A.D.,” San-
ford said of Harvin, an allusion to
Peterson’s nickname, All Day.
“The way he runs the ball and the
plays he makes, he reminds me of
Adrian. Just a smaller version.”
The Vikings have shown a
knack for correcting mistakes in-
stead of repeating them. After
committing 11 penalties in a 23-20
loss at Indianapolis in Week 2, the
Vikings were flagged just once
the following week in a 24-13
home victory over San Francisco,
one of the N.F.C.’s most formida-
ble teams.
Curiously, one of the best-
known Vikings these days may be
punter Chris Kluwe,whose sup-
port of same-sex marriage and
profane rebuke of a Maryland leg-
islator attracted national atten-
tion. In the latest issue of Out, a
magazine tailored to gay readers,
Kluwe posed shirtless for a cover
story at his wife’s suggestion. Kluwe said his outspokenness
had not affected his standing with
his teammates.
“Punters are usually shunned,”
he said with a smile, “but I ha-
ven’t been shunned any more
than a regular punter.”
Vikings Exceeding Most Expectations RICK OSENTOSKI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Minnesota linebackers Marvin Mitchell and Jasper Brinkley
have helped offset the loss of Erin Henderson to a concussion.
Minnesota has
already matched last
season’s win total.
D2
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
P RO F O OT BA L L
Ø
N
D3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
missed out on the social aspect of it, but I was very
motivated to find other training environments for
myself that I felt would better help me reach my
goals. Yes, the academy system is guaranteeing
that the player is getting the highest level of train-
ing and playing with and against the most elite
players. It is also not the only way to get to the
highest level, and nor is it every kid’s goal to get to
that level. So this is one of those situations where
there is no ‘right’ answer, really.”
Somewhat paradoxically, Murphy, the Mont-
clair High senior,decided to embrace the more
Americanized system that places a greater empha-
sis on scholastic sports despite playing his earliest
soccer at the club level in his native England. His
family moved to New Jersey in 2005 when his fa-
ther, Tony, landed an executive position in human
resources.
The club system in England was different, the
Murphys said, in that costs were minimal com-
pared with what most American families pay even
for midlevel travel teams, much less the academy
level. Liz Murphy, Oliver’s mother, recalled par-
ents being “up in arms” when the club asked fam-
ilies for an extra 10 pounds, under $20, for new uni-
forms. As a result, she said, the makeup of the
team was more diverse than what they have typi-
cally been exposed to in the United States.
“Here it costs a fortune,” she said.
According to Rob Leather, who coaches the
U-16 academy team Rodriguez still plays for with
Match Fit, the yearly fees are a “little more than
$2,000.”
“We try to keep the costs as low as possible
with the economy being the way it is,” he said. But the Murphys and Paul Rodriguez, Jo-
seph’s father, said the financial requirements of
traveling to games and showcases add up quickly,
along with the weekly driving expenses for those
not living near practice sites.
The Murphys occasionally car-pooled with the
Rodriguezes and another Montclair family to ease
the burden. But it was on those long drives to and
from practice that Liz and Tony Murphy were able
to help their son distill the issues.
“We had quite a few conversations with Oli-
ver,and they started before the rule was imple-
mented because they’d been talking about it for
some time,” Tony Murphy said. “When they finally
enacted it, he was very low because of his emotion-
al attachment to the Montclair team and the coach-
es. What I had noticed is that he responds so much
more when there’s that close connection, which he
didn’t really feel as much from at the academy.”
By last spring, Oliver Murphy dreaded the
long weekday night drives to practice. He worried
that the time commitment was detracting from his
important junior year of academics. He liked his
teammates well enough but did not feel the same
galvanized spirit as he did in Montclair. “Honestly, playing for the academy kind of felt
like you were playing for yourself more than the
team,” he said.
He preferred not only the passion of the high
school matches but the age-mixing, the mentoring
he received as a varsity sophomore — in particular
from one of the seniors, Jake Goldberg — and the
chance to do likewise for this season’s underclass-
men. As a freshman, he had gone to the soccer
banquet and told his mother on the drive home
that someday he hoped to make the kind of heart-
felt speech he had just heard from that year’s cap-
tains.
In fairness to the academy program, he never
envisioned himself on any track other than the one
to college, with the hope that soccer would en-
hance his application to a strong school. And while
he believed that he would have attracted the in-
terest of college coaches had he not joined the
academy,by attending showcases on his own or
with a regular club team, there was no question
that his Match Fit experience had put him on the
radar of several good Division III programs to
which he is in the process of applying. Upon quitting the academy team, Murphy re-
joined a club team that is also affiliated with Match
Fit but is a level down from the academy. When the
high school season is over, the demands will not be
as rigorous, the practices will be in the Montclair
area and he will have gotten to finish what he
started. Murphy also acknowledged that what was
right for him was not necessarily the case for oth-
ers, specifically Rodriguez.
“Joe’s a great player;he’s got his plan and his
dream,and I really respect him for going after it,”
he said.
‘He Just Can’t Stay Away’
Even in leaving, however, it has been nearly
impossible for Rodriguez to distance himself from
the high school team. He was a frequent visitor on
those sweltering days of preseason practice. When
school began, he attended home games whenever
he could and even some after-school practices. “He just can’t stay away,” Rodriguez’s father,
Paul, said one recent weekday afternoon when his
son watched the first half of a game against Living-
ston, cheering a goal by Alex Patel, his classmate,
good friend and former teammate on a formidable
club team known as the Gauchos. Composed of boys from the Montclair area,
most of whom expect to play in college, the Gau-
chos have served the kind of alternative path to an
academy program that Averbuch, now playing in
Sweden,referred to. Rodriguez played with the
Gauchos for a few years but left the team three
years ago to join Match Fit, recommended by
Leather, who at the time was coaching in the
Montclair area.
Early in the second half of the Livingston
game, Paul Rodriguez called his son to say he was
parked outside the field. It was time to leave for
academy practice, and the roughly 50-mile drive to
Mercer County Community College in West Wind-
sor was likely to be extended to as much as two
hours by rush hour traffic.
“I’m not going to kid you,” Paul Rodriguez
said. “I do this because I love my kid. It’s a sacri-
fice, but he’s incredibly dedicated.”
He laughed at himself for being the designat-
ed practice driver — in his job as a research ana-
lyst for an investment bank he has been able to
work at home and meet the weekday evening de-
mands — while his wife, Ana, handles game travel
(though the academy team travels by bus to dis-
tant out-of-state games). The family’s Toyota Land
Cruiser bears the mileage scars, 154,000 and count-
ing. After Joseph eased his lanky frame into the
back seat, his father passed him a wrapped sand-
wich and a drink. On the crowded Garden State
Parkway there was a Spanish work sheet to tackle.
As with Murphy, Rodriguez said the hardest part
of the academy commitment was maximizing time
to get his schoolwork done.
“Last year I really had to try hard,” he said,
admitting that just getting to school the morning
after a taxing nighttime practice could be a chore.
“Sometimes you can barely walk. I don’t know one
kid who plays for the academy who loves the long
drives and the practices.”
But he quickly added that he loved soccer,
watched it on television more than any other sport
and believed the hard work — he is hearing from
Division I colleges — would ultimately pay off.
With traffic surprisingly easing, Paul Rodri-
guez dropped his son by the soccer complex 40
minutes before the scheduled 7:30 practice and
headed out for a quick dinner. More than food, the
discovery of a local tavern had been crucial in re-
cent years in providing shelter from the nighttime
autumn chill that would be coming soon enough.
On this pleasant night, several parents
watched comfortably in the stands as Leather, the
coach, put his team through a brisk workout last-
ing more than two hours under the lights. Leather,
an Englishman who grew up in the club system
and never played for his school, said that Rodri-
guez — a left-footed attacking midfielder with slick
ball and passing skills — “had just missed out” on
the residency program in Florida.
Still living in Montclair and making the long
commute, like the Rodriguezes, Leather said he
could understand how clinical academy soccer
might feel in comparison to the more tribal high
school environment.
“These boys are not from the same towns —
although they’ve all seen and played against each
other somewhere along the way,” he said.
“They’re thinking, I’m playing with the best guys
from all those other teams,which I know they feel
good about. But I’m not going to lie; it takes time
to build that team rapport. It doesn’t happen over-
night. As soon as we’re done, they’re back in the
car.”
Sweating in his practice uniform in the back
seat, Rodriguez checked his cellphone for mes-
sages, discovering that Montclair had beaten Liv-
ingston, which made him happy. But as the ride
dragged on, and Parkway construction slowed
traffic to a crawl a few miles south of Montclair, he
complained of thirst and hunger. It was a few min-
utes past 11. His father suggested he call home and
ask his mother to have something ready.
“This can really wear you down, no question,”
Paul Rodriguez said. “But I think he knows how
good this competition is for him, how much the
academy has already done for him. I mean, I was
with him in California and it was astounding how
good those kids were, how fast the game was.”
He paused a moment and said that while he
believed his son could compete at that level,he
was not sure that he would have been emotionally
ready for full-time residency and might have sub-
consciously held back.
“It’s a lot to take on at his age,” he said. “To be
honest, sometimes I’m surprised he’s hung in
there. But he’s never once said maybe I should
change my mind.”
If that were going to happen, Paul Rodriguez
guessed it would have been after the Montclair
Kimberley game, the toughest of all to watch, as it
turned out. In the oppressive conditions,the teams
battled furiously through a scoreless 79 minutes
with players on both sides — Oliver Murphy in-
cluded — having to withstand waves of cramping.
In the opinion of Weber, his coach, Murphy
played one of his best games as Montclair’s mid-
field general, but that only made the result — a 1-0
defeat when Montclair Kimberley’s Ryan Fennelly
scored with 30 seconds remaining off a long ball
that got behind the Montclair High defense — all
the more crushing.
Murphy’s cramping was so bad afterward
that his teammates had to help stretch him out be-
fore he could drive home, where he was not yet
ready to face his parents, or his younger brother, a
Montclair High sophomore. He sat silently in the
car with the engine turned off.
The Pull of High School Play
Sympathy and a good meal awaited him in-
side,but he wanted none of it just yet. He headed
straight to the shower, where he stayed “a very
long time,” trying to wash away the pain that only
got worse.
“After all that buildup, how hard we played,
the result was devastating,” he said later. “It hurts
just thinking about it, remembering the goal, and
seeing Ryan, who I played with when I was young-
er, run away in celebration, and then all the tweets
and Facebook messages of how M.K.A.runs this
town.”
He shook his head in the retelling of the
game’s aftermath but most certainly didn’t hang it.
“All those emotions racing inside me and it
was just one game,” Murphy said, sensing that to
be so pained for everyone on his side, including
himself, also spoke to the beauty of high school
sports. And that someday (even after losing the re-
match with M.K.A.three weeks later by the same
1-0 score) the hurt would dissolve into memories to
share and possibly even savor. It was also a game that Rodriguez would prob-
ably never forget not playing in.
“He came back from that M.K.A.game so mis-
erable,” Paul Rodriguez said. “It was just killing
him.”
But Rodriguez, like Murphy, did not have
much time to dwell, or sulk. His first academy
game of the season was the next day, at home, or
an hour away in Princeton. Sunday traffic prom-
ised to be light.
LEFT, CHRISTOPHER GREGORY/THE NEW YORK TIMES; ABOVE, JUAN ARREDONDO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Oliver Murphy, above in white, quit playing for the Match Fit academy so that he could stay on
his high school team, which, among other benefits, is more convenient.Paul Rodriguez, left,
makes an hourlong trip three days a week to drive his son to Match Fit practices.
‘Honestly, playing for the academy kind of felt like you were playing for yourself more than the team.’
OLIVER MURPHY, Montclair High senior midfielder COLLEGE FOOTBALL
Syracuse Edges Pittsburgh
Adonis Ameen-Moore scored on
1-yard run, Dyshawn Davis re-
turned a fumble 52 yards for an-
other score, and Syracuse broke
out of a yearlong funk with a 14-13
victory over Pittsburgh (2-3, 0-2
Big East) on Friday night at
home. Syracuse (2-3, 1-0) hadn’t
beaten a Football Bowl Subdivi-
sion team since last October. (AP)
PRO FOOTBALL
McCarthy Calls Referee
Green Bay Packers Coach Mike
McCarthy said he called the re-
placement referee who made the
call on a final play that cost the
Packers a game against the Se-
attle Seahawks to offer his sup-
port. “I felt the phone call was the
right thing to do,” McCarthy told
Newsradio 620 WTMJ. A pass to
Seahawks receiver Golden Tate
that appeared to be intercepted by
Packers defensive back M.D. Jen-
nings was ruled a touchdown. The
Seahawks won,14-12. The referee
Wayne Elliott reviewed the play
and let the ruling stand. “He
called me at my house last week
because he had heard I was hav-
ing a rough week with all the calls
and everything,” Elliott said. He
added that McCarthy said that
maybe he did not agree with the
call, but that he thought Elliott
handled it with class. (AP)
¶ The Broncos will be without
linebacker D.J. Williams until
mid-November after the N.F.L.
added three games to his six-
game suspension. Williams was
punished for violating the league’s
substance abuse policy after his
conviction in August of driving
while ability impaired. (AP)
¶ The former N.F.L. running back
Larry Johnson, 32,was arrested
at a Las Vegas Strip resort on a
felony domestic violence-strangu-
lation charge involving a woman
who told the police she was his ex-
girlfriend. (AP) BASKETBALL
Connecticut Wins Opener
Tina Charles scored 14 of her 18
points in the second half to lead
the Connecticut Sun to a 76-64
home win over the Indiana Fever
in the opener of the W.N.B.A.
Eastern Conference finals. Katie
Douglas had 27 points to lead the
Fever. (AP)
SPEEDSKATING
Skate Tampered With
The U.S. Speedskating coaching
scandal has become messier. Si-
mon Cho, the reigning national
short-track champion, faces a
hearing after confessing that he
tampered with a Canadian rival’s
skate at the 2011 World Team
Championship. The short-track in-
terim coach, Jun Hyung Yeo, was
suspended for failing to report the
tampering.Jae Su Chun, the coach
at the center of the scandal, re-
mains suspended and could be
disciplined for not reporting the
tampering. (AP)
PRO HOCKEY
N.H.L. Talks Resume
The N.H.L. and the players union
resumed collective bargaining
talks in Toronto and expect to be
in contact again in the upcoming
days. Commissioner Gary Bett-
man and Bill Daly, the deputy
commissioner, met with the union
head Donald Fehr and special
counsel Steve Fehr. (AP)
Davidson Leaves Blues
John Davidson, who spent six
years rebuilding the St. Louis
Blues as president of hockey oper-
ations, has agreed to a buyout of
his contract, which has three
years and about $6 million re-
maining.Davidson, 59, a longtime
Rangers broadcaster and former
goalie for the team, was hired by a
previous ownership group, led by
Dave Checketts, on June 30, 2006,
to revitalize a franchise that had
seemingly become disconnected
with its fans. The Blues were fresh
off a last-place finish.This past
season, the Blues finished with
the second-most points in the
league. (AP)
BASKETBALL
Celtics Lose in Turkey
The Boston Celtics lost the first
game of the N.B.A.’s preseason,
97-91, in Istanbul to the Turkish
team Fenerbahce Ulker. The first-
round draft pick Jared Sullinger
and Jeff Green scored 16 points
each. (AP)
S P O RT S B R I E F I NG TURKPIX, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Paul Pierce and the Celtics lost the first game of the N.B.A.s
preseason, in Istanbul against Fenerbahce Ulker on Friday. By TYLER KEPNER
The 2011 Oakland Athletics
went 74-88, the same record as
this year’s Mets. They had two
pitchers who worked 200 innings
—Trevor Cahill and Gio Gonzalez
—and traded both over the win-
ter. Cahill went to Arizona, Gonza-
lez to Washington, and they are
bargains for their new teams,
earning less than $4 million each
this season.
But there are bargains, and
there are Oakland bargains. In ex-
change for Cahill, the A’s got a
younger right-hander, Jarrod
Parker. In exchange for Gonzalez,
the A’s got a younger left-hander,
Tommy Milone. For roughly the
minimum salary (less than
$500,000 apiece), those two led the
A’s in innings this season and will
start Games 1 and 2 of Oakland’s
division series at Comerica Park
in Detroit.
“In January, when we all met,
and I was just listening, we abso-
lutely were committed to being
competitive, so it wasn’t like we
were getting rid of salary with Gio
and others,” the A’s owner, Lew
Wolff, said last month. “It was
really very well devised — quite
Socratic, if that’s a useful word in
baseball. They thought through all
this.
“I think each trade we made
was good for both sides, especially
in Washington, and I’m delighted
how well Gio’s pitched. I don’t
know if I personally thought we’d
be in it. We were sort of David
against Goliath a little bit. I
thought we’d be very competitive,
but I didn’t think we’d be fighting
for a playoff berth like we are.”
The A’s won that fight, of
course, storming past the Texas
Rangers to steal the American
League West on the final day of
the regular season. It was the only
day all year that the A’s held first
place alone — but, of course, it
was the only day that mattered.
Now the A’s face the Tigers,
who struggled for months to
shake the Chicago White Sox and
establish dominance in a weak
A.L. Central.
“Our year, up to this point, has
been disappointing,” Manager
Jim Leyland said in his office on
Sept. 25. “I don’t think that’s a se-
cret to anybody.”
But the Tigers still had a
chance, Leyland said, adding that
he would not be surprised if his
team was soon advancing in the
playoffs and energizing its fans.
So far, he has been right.
The Tigers waited until the fi-
nal series of the regular season to
clinch the Central, and their 88
wins are six fewer than any other
division winner. But here they
are, with eight victories in their
last 10 games and their ace, Justin
Verlander, on the mound against
Parker for Game 1.
Doug Fister faces Milone in
Game 2.
The Tigers clearly have the
edge in star power, with Verlan-
der in the rotation and a lineup
anchored by Prince Fielder and
Miguel Cabrera, baseball’s first
triple crown winner in 45 years.
But those who underestimate
Manager Bob Melvin’s Athletics
do so at their peril. The A’s have
power, a stingy bullpen and noth-
ing to lose. They want their party
to last.
“At this stage in my life, I’m go-
ing to be 77,” Wolff said. “I never
thought I would have this kind of
fun.”
FEEL THE BREEZE
The Athletics’
hitters struck out 1,387 times this
season, an A.L. team record. The
Tigers’ pitchers struck out 1,318
hitters, tied for second in the
league, with Verlander and Max
Scherzer, the Game 4 starter,
ranking first and second individ-
ually. Fister, meanwhile, set an
A.L. record for consecutive
strikeouts when he fanned nine
Royals in a row on Sept. 27.
LUCKY 13
The Athletics had al-
ready clinched a playoff spot by
the time they upended the Rang-
ers for the division title in Game
162. Still, Oakland’s 13-game hur-
dle in the standings is remark-
able. Only four other teams in
major league history have over-
come a 13-game deficit, which the
A’s faced on June 30, to finish in
first place: the 1914 Braves, the
1951 Giants, the 1978 Yankees and
the 1995 Mariners.
TRAVELIN’ MAN
Tigers reliever
Octavio Dotel, who spent two sea-
sons with the A’s, has played for
13 teams, more than any pitcher
in major league history. Dotel
sparkled for the Cardinals during
their run to a championship last
fall and is one of several Detroit
setup men with more strikeouts
than innings.
ESCAPE FROM BOSTON
Three of
Oakland’s best players were re-
cently property of the Red Sox.
Boston traded right fielder
Josh Reddick (32 homers) to Oak-
land last winter for reliever An-
drew Bailey. First baseman Bran-
don Moss (21 homers) left Boston
in the July 2008 trade for Jason
Bay, and center fielder Coco Crisp
(39 steals) was shipped away four
months later for reliever Ramon
Ramirez. Moss and Crisp landed
with other teams before coming
to Oakland. “The key to this team, that
started this whole turnaround, is
Coco Crisp,” said the hitting
coach Chili Davis, who spent last
season as a Class AAA coach for
—yes — the Red Sox.
CELEBRATE GOOD TIMES
Tigers
closer Jose Valverde is well
known for his histrionics on the
mound after saves. Grant Balfour,
his Oakland counterpart, is gain-
ing the same reputation.
Balfour vigorously pumps his
fist and shouts after his saves,
and his entrance inspires “Bal-
four Rage,” as they call it in Oak-
land: essentially, an excuse for
fans to punch the air repeatedly,
nod their heads as fast as they
can, and go crazy.
COMMON ALUMNI More than 200
players have suited up for both
teams, a colorful list that includes
a Champ (Summers), a Bip (Rob-
erts), a Storm (Davis) and a
Beane — as in Billy, the A’s gen-
eral manager, who went 1 for 6 for
the 1988 Tigers before migrating
to Oakland. Denny McLain, who
won 31 games for the 1968 Tigers,
stumbled to Oakland in 1972, the
final year of his checkered career,
going 1-2 with a 6.04 earned run
average. Another widely known
Tiger joined the A’s at the end,
with better results: after 22 sea-
sons with Detroit, the 40-year-old
Ty Cobb played for the Philadel-
phia Athletics in 1927 and 1928,
hitting .343.
PLAYOFF HISTORY
The teams
have met twice in the A.L. Cham-
pionship Series, in 1972 and 2006.
The A’s prevailed the first time,
three games to two, with a 2-1 vic-
tory in Game 5 at Tiger Stadium
behind Blue Moon Odom and
Vida Blue (baseball needs more
names like that).
In 2006, the Tigers swept the
A’s in four games, with Magglio
Ordonez smashing a three-run
homer off Huston Street to end
the series.
AMERICAN LEAGUE DIVISION SERIES PREVIEW Athletics’ Bargains Will Face the Resurgent Tigers
LUCY NICHOLSON/REUTERS
Coco Crisp stole 39 bases in 120 games for the Oakland Athletics, whose free-swinging tend-
encies could play into the hands of Justin Verlander, left, Detroit’s Game 1 starter.
TONY DEJAK/ASSOCIATED PRESS
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
BAS E BA L L P L AYO F F S
By TYLER KEPNER
Only 20 managers in baseball
history have guided their teams
to at least 1,500 victories. Among
that group, all but two have won
the World Series: Gene Mauch
and Dusty Baker, who takes his
Cincinnati Reds into a division se-
ries against his former team, the
San Francisco Giants.
Baker, who rejoined the Reds
on Monday after recovering from
a mini-stroke in September, spent
a decade as manager of the Gi-
ants, bringing them within six
outs of a championship in Game 6
of the 2002 World Series against
the Angels. Then his bullpen col-
lapsed, and the title slipped away.
These days, Baker keeps a sign
with this message in his office at
Great American Ballpark: “The
most important things in life are
good friends and a good bullpen.
Not necessarily in that order.”
With the Reds, he has his priori-
ties in line. The Reds had the best bullpen
earned run average in the majors
this season, 2.65, despite losing
their presumptive closer, Ryan
Madson, to an elbow injury in
spring training. In stepped Arol-
dis Chapman, the flamethrowing
left-hander from Cuba, who
earned 38 saves and struck out
122 in 71‚ innings.
As a rookie in 2010, Chapman
threw as hard as 105.1 miles an
hour, according to Fangraphs. He
can still rev it up to nearly 103
m.p.h., and gets support in the
bullpen from his fellow strikeout
machines Sean Marshall and Jon-
athan Broxton, among others.
In the Giants, the Reds’ bullpen
faces an interesting test. Only one
National League team — the Phil-
lies — struck out less often than
the Giants, who put the bat on the
ball but tend not to hit it very far.
Just one Giant had more than 12
home runs this season.
That player was Buster Posey,
the star catcher and contender
for the Most Valuable Player
award. Posey won the batting
crown with a .336 average, to go
with 24 home runs and 103 runs
batted in. He works with a rota-
tion that includes Matt Cain and
Madison Bumgarner, who will
start the first two games in San
Francisco.
If Cain and Bumgarner are
sharp, it could be tough for the
Reds to build a lead for their bull-
pen to protect. The Reds will
counter with Johnny Cueto, who
was 19-9, and the battle-tested
Bronson Arroyo.
TWO EXTREMES
Both teams play
beside bodies of water, but that’s
about all their ballparks have in
common. Games at AT&T Park in
San Francisco averaged 0.522
home runs this season, the lowest
figure in the majors. Great Ameri-
can Ballpark in Cincinnati aver-
aged 1.592 home runs per game,
second in the majors to Miller
Park in Milwaukee.
STREAKING
Second baseman
Marco Scutaro ended the season
with a 20-game hitting streak for
the Giants, the longest active
streak in the majors. Scutaro hit
.436 during the streak and batted
.362 after a late-July trade from
Colorado. He is an extreme con-
tact hitter, averaging 12.7 at-bats
per strikeout, the best ratio in the
majors.
BEWARE OF LATOS
The Giants
went 40-19 this season when fac-
ing a left-handed starter, but the
Reds’ rotation includes only
right-handers. Mat Latos, who
starts Game 3, has faced the Gi-
ants more than any other team in
his career, holding them to a .201
average in 11 starts. He allowed
one run and six hits to the Giants
in 16 innings this season.
CONTAINING VOTTO
Bruce Bochy,
the Giants’ manager, used his
left-handed relievers to devastat-
ing effect in the 2010 postseason,
and the Reds’ most dangerous
hitter is the left-handed Joey Vot-
to. Expect Bochy to again lean
heavily on Jeremy Affeldt and
Javier Lopez, who have combined
to hold Votto to one hit in 10 ca-
reer at-bats, with five strikeouts.
ONE AND DONE
The Reds have
played just one home playoff
game in the last 17 years, and it
was a major letdown. The Phillies
completed a sweep in a 2010 divi-
sion series with a Game 3 shutout
by Cole Hamels at Great Ameri-
can Ballpark. The last postseason
run the Reds scored in Cincinnati
came in Game 2 of the 1995 N.L.
Championship Series, at River-
front Stadium, when Jeff Branson
stole home against Atlanta.
MASCOT MANIA
The Giants have
but a single mascot — Lou Seal,
who wears sunglasses and a
backward cap and looks like a
cousin of Poochie, the dog with at-
titude from “The Simpsons.”
Great American Ballpark is the
land of many mascots, including
Gapper, a furry red creature with
blue paws. More interesting, per-
haps, is a baseball-headed duo
named Mr. Redlegs and Rosie
Red. Mr. Redlegs is an old-fash-
ioned gent with a handlebar mus-
tache and pillbox cap whose like-
ness appears on the left sleeve of
the Reds’ home jerseys. Rosie has
black hair in a bob and wears a
red-and-white dress with a wish-
bone-C for a belt buckle. They
would seem to make the perfect
couple, bonding over love for the
Reds, but the team Web site lists
them only as “best friends.”
THE ONE WHO GOT AWAY
The
greatest of all Giants pitchers,
Christy Mathewson, played just
one game in another uniform. On
Sept. 4, 1916, Mathewson took the
mound for Cincinnati and beat
the Cubs’ Mordecai (Three Fin-
ger) Brown in the final career
game for both Hall of Famers.
Mathewson was then in his first
of three seasons as manager of
the Reds, who had briefly held his
playing rights after his rookie
season in 1900. Mathewson had
been winless for the Giants that
year, but the Giants acted quickly
to get him back, sending an aging
future Hall of Famer, Amos Rusie,
to the Reds. Rusie went 0-1 for
Cincinnati and never pitched
again. Mathewson won 377 games
for the Giants, including three
shutouts in the 1905 World Series. COMMON ALUMNI
George Foster,
who caught the final out of the
1976 World Series for the Reds,
started his career with the Giants,
while Todd Benzinger, who
caught the final out for the Reds
in the 1990 World Series, ended
his career with the Giants. More
recently, Edgar Renteria, the
World Series M.V.P. for the Giants
in 2010, finished his career by hit-
ting .251 for the Reds last season.
Among the many other standouts
who played for both teams: High
Pockets Kelly, Ernie Lombardi,
Kevin Mitchell, Joe Morgan and
Deion Sanders.
PLAYOFF HISTORY
The Giants and
the Reds have never met in the
postseason, but the city’s football
teams staged two Super Bowls in
the 1980s. The 49ers won both, in
Pontiac, Mich., in 1982 and in Mi-
ami in 1989. NATIONAL LEAGUE DIVISION SERIES PREVIEW Reds’ Baker, With Top Bullpen, Tries to Stop Former Team
MARCIO JOSE SANCHEZ/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Giants’ Marco Scutaro enters the postseason with a 20-game hitting streak, a stretch in which he has hit .436. AL BEHRMAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Reds have depth at mascot, including Rosie Red, Gapper and Mr. Redlegs.
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D5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
BAS E BA L L P L AYO F F S
only four hits.
A rally-crushing groundout by
Jones to close the seventh inning
appeared to squeeze the life out
of the Braves, but they stirred in
the eighth, placing two runners
on with one out.
Simmons sent a lazy pop-up
into short left field that plunked
down behind shortstop Pete Koz-
ma. The infield fly rule was sig-
naled after some hesitation by
the left-field umpire,Sam Hol-
brook. Gonzalez ranted at the umps
that the ball had sailed beyond
the customary zone for which the
rule is applied. The Braves filed a
protest, which was quickly de-
nied. Video reviews cannot be
used on infield fly rule matters.
“My problem with the call is
the shortstop went out a long,
long, long way to try to catch the
ball,” Gonzalez said.
Jones, observing from the dug-
out, could not remember a simi-
lar call in a career spent mostly
as a third baseman.
Umpires for the playoffs are
chosen on merit,but they are not
accustomed to patrolling the out-
field. Regular-season crews con-
sist of four men, each stationed in
the infield.
Holbrook said that his call was
prompted by Kozma’s showing
“ordinary effort” and being in po-
sition to catch the ball. Holbrook
said his opinion was unchanged
after he watched a replay follow-
ing the game.
“Absolutely not,” he said.
Holbrook’s decision was sup-
ported by Joe Torre, baseball’s
executive vice president for base-
ball operations, who indicated
that the play looked like an infield
fly.
Braves General Manager
Frank Wren submitted the pro-
test, and Torre turned down it
down, “based on the fact that it
was an umpire’s judgment call.”
“You can’t uphold a protest
based on that,” Torre said.
The normally even-tempered
Atlanta crowd pelted the field
with liquid containers after the
ruling, causing a 19-minute delay.
Jones ducked under an awning —
“my mama didn’t raise no fool,”
he said — while other players
took shelter in dugouts or con-
gregated in shallow center field,
beyond the reach of projectile-
hurling spectators.
“I was a little disappointed
with the reaction of the fans,”
Gonzalez said. “For me, it was
uncalled-for. You can get people
injured out there. It’s scary.”
For Jones, the prevailing pre-
game feeling was a calmness that
is atypical for him at the dawn of
the postseason. He turned to his
parents on the afternoon drive to
the ballpark and told them the
nerves that usually churn this
time of year were nonexistent.
There would be no distraction
from reflecting on the highs and
lows of a career that might end in
just hours.
“I’m one of those guys who
likes to look out the front wind-
shield, not the rearview mirror,”
he said at a pregame news con-
ference.
For Jones, that windshield be-
came bug-splattered with outs in
his first four at-bats, worsened by
the error.
The outcome pulled the shade
not only on Jones’s remarkable
run of 19 seasons, but also on a
streak that had lasted an incredi-
ble 23 games.
The Braves could have length-
ened their streak of wins on
starts by pitcher Kris Medlen to
two dozen, a streak made all the
more implausible by its having
begun two years ago,before he
underwent Tommy John surgery. Medlen was effective enough,
granting only two earned runs
without a walk, as was the Cardi-
nals’ Kyle Lohse, the winning
pitcher. Adding to Jones’s disap-
pointment was that he had a .462
batting average with six walks
against Lohse coming in to the
game.
Closer Jason Motte, the sixth
St. Louis pitcher, was on the
mound when Jones dug into the
batter’s box dirt with two outs in
the ninth. An ovation swelled
around the stadium that he ac-
knowledged by doffing his hel-
met.
As fans chanted his first name
and popping flashbulbs turned
the scene into a light show, he
stroked a bat-shattering ground-
er that seemed destined to be-
come the last out but wound up
an infield hit.
Jones reached third base on a
double before a game fraught
with a wide range of emotions
ended with a groundout.
“My heart is broken,” he said
later. “Not for me, but for my
teammates, my coaching staff
and all these fans who have been
so great to us this year.”
As he spoke, hundreds of fans
lingered in the stadium, shouting
for one more curtain call, ignor-
ing repeated pleas from the pub-
lic address announcer to go home
because the ballpark was closed.
KEVIN C. COX/GETTY IMAGES
The Braves’ Chipper Jones in the ninth inning Friday, before the final at-bat of his career. Disputed Ruling Falls Cardinals’ Way From First Sports Page
called it foul. Mauer would even-
tually single, but the Twins did
not score,and the call was bad
enough that Cuzzi’s crew chief,
Tim Tschida, later admitted it was
incorrect.
One of the reasons Tschida
cited for the mistake was the chal-
lenge of making decisions in the
outfield.
“It’s a tough one to practice,”
he told reporters.“Getting into
position is a little foreign.”
He continued:“I don’t offer
this as an excuse for an incorrect
decision, but it can contribute to
the call becoming more difficult.”
The Yankees benefited from
that same lack of familiarity in
Game 1 of the 1996 A.L.C.S, when
a 12-year-old named Jeffrey
Maier leaned over the right-field
wall and deflected a long drive by
Derek Jeter that Orioles outfield-
er Tony Tarasco had a chance at
catching.The ball landed in the
By BENJAMIN HOFFMAN
Creating a new round of the
postseason that consisted of only
one game was sure to create
some drama, especially when it
was advertised as “Win or Go
Home!” With everything on the
line for the Atlanta Braves on Fri-
day night, a questionable call by
an umpire was part of what sent
them packing.
It was hardly the first time a
controversial call affected a post-
season game, and it may not have
been the most egregious exam-
ple. But this was not how Major
League Baseball wanted to intro-
duce its wild-card play-in game. The call was simple enough on
its face. With runners on first and
second and one out in the bottom
of the eighth and Atlanta trailing
St. Louis, 6-3, Andrelton Simmons
of the Braves hit a pop-up to left
that Pete Kozma, the Cardinals’
shortstop, failed to catch, in part
because he apparently thought
left fielder Matt Holliday would
catch it instead. Holliday did not. The ball
dropped on the grass,and the
Braves had the bases loaded. Ex-
cept that the left-field umpire,
Sam Holbrook, in a role that ex-
ists only in the postseason, when
six umpires are assigned to every
game,invoked the infield fly rule
on the play. That meant the batter
was out and the runners were
free to advance.
The Braves angrily protested
that the rule had been misapplied.
As defined in Official Baseball
Rule 2.00: “An infield fly is a fair
fly ball (not including a line drive
nor an attempted bunt) which can
be caught by an infielder with or-
dinary effort, when first and sec-
ond, or first, second and third bas-
es are occupied, before two are
out.”
“I was arguing or protesting
that it was not an ordinary effort,”
Braves Manager Fredi Gonzalez
told reporters after the game. “I
thought that the shortstop had to
go way out there to make a play
on that fly ball.”
Controversial postseason calls
from umpires positioned in the
outfield have happened before,
with this the latest example. Es-
sentially,umpires along the left-
and right-field foul lines are being
asked to work from a position
they are unaccustomed to.
In 2009, Phil Cuzzi was working
left field in Game 2 of the Ameri-
can League Championship Series
between the Minnesota Twins
and the Yankees. The Twins’ Joe
Mauer hit a drive to left in extra
innings that clearly landed fair for
a ground-rule double, but Cuzzi
stands.The play appeared to be
fan interference, but the right-
field umpire,Rich Garcia,imme-
diately called it a home run. The debate over Friday night’s
call will most likely go on for a
while. But in a move to save some
face, Major League Baseball
quickly edited its bio on the
league’s official Twitter page. Un-
til Friday night, it had included
the irreverent phrase “We don’t
understand the infield fly rule, ei-
ther.” Now that line is gone, and
so are the Braves from the play-
offs.
Umpires in the Outfield Can Produce
Errors in Judgment in the Postseason
ERIK S. LESSER/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
JARED WICKERHAM/GETTY IMAGES
Top, the umpires after the Braves’ Andrelton Simmons was
called out on the infield fly rule on a pop-up to left field. In the
2009 American League Championship Series, Joe Mauer’s ap-
parent ground-rule double against the Yankees was called foul. The Detroit Tigers are truly a
throwback: a team with a
triple crown winner playing in the
postseason.
nytimes.com/sports
ONLINE:OLD SCHOOL
A
RLINGTON
, Tex.
Buck Showalter managed the
first American League wild card
team, the 1995 Yankees, losing an
excruciating division series. On
Friday he was here
for the league’s first
one-game wild card
playoff as manager of
the Baltimore Orioles.
There was no series
this time, just one
chance to continue a miracle sea-
son.
“Our approach is it’s sudden
life, not sudden death, and there’s
something good, real good, that
can happen,” Showalter said be-
fore batting practice at Rangers
Ballpark. “If you had told us at
the end of the season last year
that we’d have a chance to put a
roster together for one game,
we’d have signed up for that in
blood. I’m sure Texas feels the
same way.”
Maybe, but probably not. The
Rangers won the last two A.L.
pennants and came within a
strike of their first World Series
title last October. They led the
West division this season from
the fourth game through the
161st, but tumbled into the wild
card game the last day of the reg-
ular season. Now they are fin-
ished, victims of a long-dormant
potion called Oriole Magic.
That is the name of the theme
song the Orioles play at Camden
Yards, and now they know they
will hear it this October. Absent
from the playoffs the last 15 sea-
sons, the Orioles returned in
style, edging the Rangers, 5-1, be-
hind Joe Saunders and three re-
lievers. They will host the Yan-
kees in Game 1 of the division se-
ries on Sunday, and the Rangers
will face a long off-season.
“I don’t know the right way to
describe it,” said the Rangers’
David Murphy, who flied out to
end the game. “At some point we
just ran out of gas. We stopped
playing like the Rangers. I don’t
know why that is.”
Saunders came into the game
with an 0-6 record and a 9.38
earned run average in six career
starts in Arlington. But he was
the best option for Showalter,
who used his top three starters at
Tampa Bay this week in an effort
to win the division. Saunders had
not pitched here in more than two
years, when he was with the An-
gels.
“From what I understand and
what I’ve been reading in the re-
ports, he’s not the guy that I re-
member reading about when he
was in Anaheim,” Rangers Man-
ager Ron Washington said before
the game. “So I think we just
have to wait and see. We know
he’s going to use his off speed.
We’ve certainly got to make sure
we get the ball up in the zone, not
do a whole lot of chasing, make
him come to us.”
Saunders walked the leadoff
man in the first inning and then
allowed a single, and Showalter
immediately ordered a reliever to
start warming up. But Saunders
induced a double play from Josh
Hamilton, and while it scored a
run, it settled things down.
Hamilton, the former most
valuable player who is facing free
agency, lost a ball in the Oakland
sun on Wednesday and looked
lost against Saunders. He struck
out on three pitches in his next
at-bat and grounded meekly to
Saunders on the first pitch of the
bottom of the sixth. Fans booed.
By then the Orioles had the
lead, although Texas starter Yu
Darvish often overmatched
them. Darvish, the Rangers’ $107
million free agent from Japan,
got several strikeouts with his
splitter, and finished the sixth by
catching Jim Thome looking at
rainbow curveball, 64 miles an
hour.
What Darvish did not have, at
least in the first inning, was luck.
Nate McLouth bounced the
game’s first pitch to first base-
man Michael Young, who booted
it for an error. McLouth stole sec-
ond and scored on a single by J.J.
Hardy.
Hardy singled again in the
sixth and took third on a hit by
the former Ranger Chris Davis.
Adam Jones followed with a sac-
rifice fly to right, putting Balti-
more ahead, 2-1. For Showalter, it
thus became a 12-out game, with
an unusually effective starter
and his usual deep crop of reliev-
ers.
Saunders got the first two outs
of the sixth before Darren O’Day
— the submarine-style reliever
from Texas’ 2010 World Series
team — came in to retire Nelson
Cruz. By the time O’Day came
back for the seventh, the Orioles
had added to their lead, with a
rally that highlighted their un-
likely success.
Ryan Flaherty, a Rule 5 draft
choice from the Cubs, fought
back from an 0-2 count to flick a
single to left with one out. Manny
Machado, a 20-year-old rookie,
bunted the pinch-runner Robert
Andino to second.
That brought up McLouth, a
former All-Star for Pittsburgh
who hit just .203 over the last two
and a half seasons. The Orioles
plucked him from the minors in
August, and McLouth, only 30,
found his old form. After a wild
pitch by reliever Derek Holland
sent Andino to third, McLouth
scored him with a single.
It was an important run, to be
sure, widening the lead for
O’Day, who was selected off
waivers from the Rangers last
November. He retired the side in
order in the seventh, another
castoff dethroning the league
champions.
“If you look around this room,
there’s a number of those peo-
ple,” McLouth said this week in
the Orioles’ clubhouse. “I can
speak personally, I have a lot of
appreciation that they gave me
another shot. I’ve just really had
fun — I’m playing again and not
working, you know what I
mean?”
Back home in Baltimore, the
fans could surely relate. Their
joyride of a season, after a dec-
ade and a half of misery, will con-
tinue.
Returning to Playoffs in Style, Orioles Await Yankees
RONALD MARTINEZ/GETTY IMAGES
Baltimores J.J. Hardy with Matt Wieters after scoring on a sacrifice fly.Texas was ousted, 5-1, after a late-season collapse.
TYLER
KEPNER ON
BASEBALL D6
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
S C O R E B OA R D
BAS E BA L L
By DAVID WALDSTEIN
In past years when the Yankees won
the American League East, they usu-
ally waited for an opponent to come to
Yankee Stadium for the first two
games of a playoff series.
But when the Yankees arrived in
the Bronx late Friday afternoon, two
sheets of paper with the interlocking
NY logo sat on the chairs in front of
their lockers, one with a Baltimore Ori-
oles logo in the top right corner, and
the other with a Texas Rangers logo.
At the time, the Yankees did not
know whether they would be flying to
Texas or taking the train to Baltimore.
While they worked out under a night
sky, the video screen in center showed
the wild-card play-in game between
the Rangers and the Orioles in Arling-
ton, Tex., the game that would decide
their immediate destination.
Long after the Yankees players
and coaches had gone, the game in
Texas was still being played, and no
one knew until later that the upstart
Orioles had beaten the Rangers, 5-1,
setting up the first playoff series be-
tween the Yankees and Baltimore
since the 1996 American League
Championship Series.
The sheet of paper with the Rang-
ers logo could be thrown into the recy-
cling bin, and the itinerary for Balti-
more, including an old-fashioned train
ride to Maryland, went into effect.
Even though the Yankees had the
best regular-season record in the A.L.
(95-67), the temporary format for this
season — adopted for travel reasons —
has the higher seeds opening at the
lower seeds for the first two games of
the series. The last three games will be
played at the higher seeds’ ballpark.
“Usually, when you’re the division
winner you start at home, and we’re
starting on the road,” Yankees Man-
ager Joe Girardi said. “It just seems to
be uncertain what we’re doing.
There’s a lot of uncertainty. I guess by
midnight you would know a lot more.
Until then, you sit and wait.”
But the circumstances of this
year’s playoff format provided numer-
ous odd conditions for the Yankees,
who began preparing for an unknown
opponent and city, giving the day an
indefinable quality.
The series with Baltimore prom-
ises to be intriguing as the teams re-
engage for the first time since they
split a four-game series in Baltimore
ending Sept. 9. They also split the sea-
son series, 9-9. The Orioles will get one more op-
portunity to pass the Yankees after
their monthlong divisional race in
which the Orioles were tied with the
Yankees on 10 different days but could
never slip past them in the standings.
The Yankees went through an or-
ganized workout that was more than
their normal batting practice. They
went through pitcher’s fielding prac-
tice and infield drills as if it were an
early day in spring training.
The evening hour was chosen to
give the Yankees extra rest after a de-
manding regular-season division race
that was not decided until the final
game of the season when the Orioles
lost to the Tampa Bay Rays, sealing
the A.L.East title for the Yankees. The
Yankees then beat the Boston Red Sox
to clinch a top seed with the best
record in the league.
“It is a little strange,” Alex Rodri-
guez said of the scheduling, “but give
Bud Selig and all the people at central
baseball a lot of credit. This is as excit-
ing a weekend as I’ve ever been a part
of in my career.”
Because their opponent was not
known at the time, the Yankees had to
hold off on their scouting meetings,
which would have taken place on the
day of the first workout. Instead, those
meetings will be held early Saturday
morning before the team leaves town.
“It really doesn’t matter because
there is nothing we can do about it,”
General Manager Brian Cashman
said. “We know we have to go some-
where and play someone. We’ll find
out who that is and then go play them.”
Cashman, Girardi and their staffs
did hold meetings to assemble the
playoff roster. They did not announce
the roster, Girardi said, because they
had not told some of the players
whether they made it. A few already
knew. Cory Wade’s locker was cleaned
out. David Aardsma said goodbye to
teammates and wished them luck.
Adam Warren threw live batting prac-
tice to Mark Teixeira earlier in the day
to keep Teixeira’s timing sharp, but he
said he was then heading home and
would watch the playoffs on television.
As for the rotation, Girardi re-
vealed only that C.C. Sabathia would
start the first game. In his past three
starts, Sabathia is 3-0 with a 1.55
earned run average, and opponents hit
only .155 against him in those games.
“The last three starts were vin-
tage C.C.,” Girardi said. “He went
deep into games, not a ton of pitches,
quick outs, ground balls, his changeup
was effective. That’s what we want to
see.”
And he will next see that at Cam-
den Yards, where Sabathia is 10-3 life-
time, with a 3.38 E.R.A.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The N.L. play-in game between the Braves and Cardinals was on at the Stadium during Friday night’s workout. With a Destination Set, So Are the Yankees Joe Girardi and the Yankees had to
wait for Friday’s Rangers-Orioles
game before completing plans to
travel to Baltimore by train.
By RICHARD SANDOMIR
The Mets,whose financial woes
have included steep losses, burden-
some debt and an expensive show-
down with the trustee for the victims
of Bernard L. Madoff,are talking to
banks to find a way to raise cash, ac-
cording to two people with knowledge
of their plans.
Under one option, SNY, the team’s
lucrative cable network, would re-
finance its existing $450 million loan
and borrow still more toward paying
off some of the team’s heavy bank debt
and toward other possible purposes,
like day-to-day operating expenses or
the twice-a-year payments on Citi
Field’s bonds. The team’s owners, and
their SNY partners, could also get
cash dividends from the proceeds.
The owners, Fred Wilpon and Saul
Katz, declined to comment publicly on
their plans or how much they hope to
borrow.
The cable network, which carries
Mets games, is a growing media asset
potentially worth at least $1 billion,
with revenue generated largely
through cable, satellite and telephone
company subscribers. Its cash flow is
backed by multiyear contracts that
typically lock in annual fee increases
for a fixed length of time, making it
largely immune from the team’s long-
standing revenue challenges, which
are tied to attendance drops and ticket
discounts at Citi Field.
Sterling Equities — Wilpon and
Katz’s sports, real estate and invest-
ment company — owns about 65 per-
cent of SNY. Its partners, Time War-
ner and Comcast, must still agree to
the borrowing plan. They would also
receive dividends if the plan goes
through.
“SNY is a better credit risk than the
team,” Marc Ganis,a sports industry
consultant, said. “It’s not subject to
Major League Baseball’s debt restric-
tions,and unlike a team’s expenses
that go up and down, SNY’s are easily
quantifiable.”
Rob Tilliss,chief executive of Inner
Circle Sports, a sports investment
bank, said, “They’re moving the debt
from one side of the ledger to the oth-
er.”
When SNY borrowed $450 million
two years ago, $200 million was used
to repay SNY’s partners for the net-
work’s start-up costs, and nearly all
the rest went to SNY’s partners as
cash dividends, The SportsBusiness
Journal reported.
Depending on the size of the re-
financing and the interest rates, SNY’s
debt payments could rise, which could
mean that fewer profits are shuttled to
the Mets’ bottom line, Ganis said. One
of the advantages of team-owned re-
gional sports networks is the ability to
move profits from the channels to the
team.
“Any time you refinance, there’s
some hesitation and concern,” said
Wayne McDonnell, a professor of
sports management at New York Uni-
versity. “But this is a nice opportunity.
It says to me that the Wilpon family is
ready and willing to reassess some of
the things that have hung over their
heads for so long.”
Kenneth Shropshire, a sports busi-
ness expert who is a professor of legal
studies at the Wharton School at the
University of Pennsylvania, said re-
financing was like “transferring a load
of debt from a 19 percent credit card to
a 10 percent credit card.”
“You still have the debt,” he said,
“but at a lower rate.”
The Mets have an uphill climb be-
fore they can spend as freely as they
did before Madoff’s collapse in 2008
devastated Sterling’s finances.
In 2011, the team lost $70 million, and
might have lost tens of millions of dol-
lars more this season despite lopping
off $50 million in salary obligations.
Wilpon and Katz were able to raise
$200 million earlier this year by selling
40 percent of the team to a group of in-
vestors that includes the hedge-fund
billionaire Steven A. Cohen and the co-
median Bill Maher. The money went to
pay off more than $100 million in bank
debt and a $25 million loan from Major
League Baseball. The other proceeds
went for working capital.
The team finished in fourth place in
the National League East for the
fourth consecutive season, with a 74-88
record.
General Manager Sandy Alderson
said on Wednesday that as he tried to
extend the contracts of the team’s two
stars, pitcher R.A. Dickey and third
baseman David Wright, he would
make clear that “we will not in the
near future have unlimited funds.”
In the immediate aftermath of
Madoff’s December 2008 arrest on
fraud and other charges, Wilpon and
Katz portrayed themselves as inno-
cent victims of the Ponzi scheme
Madoff later pleaded guilty to orches-
trating. Wilpon, Katz and their families
and businesses had scores of accounts
tied up in the Ponzi scheme, and they
hoped to recoup many of their lost mil-
lions.
Instead, the court-appointed trustee
charged with determining the legiti-
mate victims of the scheme and the il-
legitimate beneficiaries of it accused
Wilpon and Katz of having greedily in-
vested with Madoff for decades de-
spite ample warnings that his invest-
ment operation was suspect.
After months of litigation, Wilpon
and Katz, as part of a settlement with
the trustee, agreed to abandon their
hopes of recovering much of what they
insisted they were entitled to — a sum
in excess of $150 million.
Certainly, the Mets could have used
the tens of millions of dollars that
would have been returned to Wilpon
and Katz had they been regarded as le-
gitimate victims.
Mets Seeking Banks’ Help With Heavy Debt
BASEBALL
M.L.B. WILD-CARD GAMES
Friday
National League: St. Louis 6, Atlanta 3
American League: Baltimore 5, Texas 1
M.L.B. DIVISION SERIES (Best-of-5; x-if necessary)
AMERICAN LEAGUE
YANKEES VS. BALTIMORE Sunday: Yankees (Sabathia 15-6) at Baltimore, 6:15 p.m. (TBS)
Monday: at Baltimore, 8:07 p.m. (TBS)
Wednesday: at Yankees, TBD (TBS or MLB)
x-Thursday: at Yankees, TBD (TBS)
x-Friday: at Yankees, TBD (TBS)
OAKLAND VS. DETROIT
Saturday: Oakland (Parker 13-8) at Detroit (Verlander 17-8), 6:07 p.m. (TBS)
Sunday: Oakland (Milone 13-10) at Detroit (Fister 10-10), 12:07 p.m. (MLB)
Tuesday: Detroit (Sanchez 4-6) at Oakland, 9:07 p.m. (TBS)
x-Wednesday: Detroit (Scherzer 16-7) at Oakland, TBD (TBS or MLB)
x-Thursday: at Oakland, TBD (TBS)
NATIONAL LEAGUE
CINCINNATI VS. SAN FRANCISCO
Saturday: Cincinnati (Cueto 19-9) at San Francisco (Cain 16-5), 9:37 p.m. (TBS)
Sunday: Cincinnati (Arroyo 12-10) at San Francisco (Bumgarner 16-11), 9:37 p.m. (TBS)
Tuesday: San Francisco (TBD) at Cincinnati (Latos 14-4), 5:37 p.m. (TBS)
x-Wednesday: San Francisco (TBD) at Cincinnati (Bailey 13-10), TBD (TBS or MLB)
x-Thursday: at Cincinnati, TBD (TBS)
WASHINGTON VS. ST. LOUIS
Sunday: Washington (Gonzalez 21-8) at St. Louis, 3:07 p.m. (TBS)
Monday: Washington (Zimmermann 12-8) at St. Louis, 4:37 p.m. (TBS)
Wednesday: at Washington, TBD (TBS or MLB)
x-Thursday: at Washington, TBD (TBS)
x-Friday: at Washington, TBD (TBS)
PRO FOOTBALL
N.F.L. STANDINGS
AMERICAN CONFERENCE
East W L T Pct PF PA
Jets 2 2 0 .500 81 109
N. England 2 2 0 .500 134 92
Buffalo 2 2 0 .500 115 131
Miami 1 3 0 .250 86 90
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 4 0 0 1.000 126 56
Indianapolis 1 2 0 .333 61 83
Jacksonville 1 3 0 .250 62 97
Tennessee 1 3 0 .250 81 151
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 3 1 0 .750 121 83
Cincinnati 3 1 0 .750 112 112
Pittsburgh 1 2 0 .333 77 75
Cleveland 0 4 0 .000 73 98
West W L T Pct PF PA
San Diego 3 1 0 .750 100 71
Denver 2 2 0 .500 114 83
Kansas City 1 3 0 .250 88 136
Oakland 1 3 0 .250 67 125
NATIONAL CONFERENCE
East W L T Pct PF PA
Phila. 3 1 0 .750 66 83
Dallas 2 2 0 .500 65 88
Washington 2 2 0 .500 123 123
Giants 2 2 0 .500 111 84
South W L T Pct PF PA
Atlanta 4 0 0 1.000 124 76
Tampa Bay 1 3 0 .250 82 91
Carolina 1 3 0 .250 80 109
New Orleans 0 4 0 .000 110 130
North W L T Pct PF PA
Minnesota 3 1 0 .750 90 72
Chicago 3 1 0 .750 108 68
Green Bay 2 2 0 .500 85 81
Detroit 1 3 0 .250 100 114
West W L T Pct PF PA
Arizona 4 1 0 .800 94 78
San Fran. 3 1 0 .750 104 65
St. Louis 3 2 0 .600 96 94
Seattle 2 2 0 .500 70 58
THURSDAY St. Louis 17, Arizona 3
SUNDAY Cleveland at Giants, 1
Baltimore at Kansas City, 1
Atlanta at Washington, 1
Philadelphia at Pittsburgh, 1
Green Bay at Indianapolis, 1
Miami at Cincinnati, 1
Seattle at Carolina, 4:05
Chicago at Jacksonville, 4:05
Buffalo at San Francisco, 4:25
Tennessee at Minnesota, 4:25
Denver at New England, 4:25
San Diego at New Orleans, 8:20
Open: Dallas, Detroit, Oakland, Tampa Bay
MONDAY Houston at Jets, 8:30
SOCCER
M.L.S. STANDINGS
EAST W L T Pts GF GA
x-Sporting KC 17 7 7 58 39 25
New York 15 8 8 53 54 44
Chicago 16 10 5 53 43 39
D.C. 15 10 6 51 48 40
Houston 13 8 10 49 44 37
Columbus 14 11 6 48 39 39
Montreal 12 15 4 40 44 49
Philadelphia 9 15 6 33 34 37
New England 7 16 8 29 37 43
Toronto FC 5 19 7 22 35 59
WEST W L T Pts GF GA
x-San Jose 18 6 7 61 65 39
x-Real Salt Lake 16 11 4 52 44 34
x-Los Angeles 15 11 5 50 55 43
x-Seattle 13 7 10 49 45 31
Vancouver 11 12 9 42 35 40
FC Dallas 9 12 10 37 38 41
Colorado 9 18 4 31 39 46
Portland 7 15 9 30 32 52
Chivas USA 7 17 7 28 21 53
x- clinched playoff berth
Saturday’s Games
D.C. United at Toronto FC, 1 p.m.
Chicago at New York, 3:30 p.m.
New England at Philadelphia, 7 p.m.
Montreal at Houston, 8:30 p.m.
Real Salt Lake at Los Angeles, 9 p.m.
San Jose at Colorado, 9 p.m.
PRO BASKETBALL
W.N.B.A. PLAYOFFS
All Times EDT
CONFERENCE FINALS
(Best-of-3) (x-if necessary)
EASTERN CONFERENCE
Connecticut 1, Indiana 0
Friday: Connecticut 76, Indiana 64
Monday: at Indiana, 8 p.m.
x-Thursday: at Connecticut, 8:30 p.m.
WESTERN CONFERENCE
Minnesota 1, Los Angeles 0
Thursday: Minnesota 94, Los Angeles 77
Sunday: at Los Angeles, 3:30 p.m.
x-Wednesday: at Minnesota, 8 p.m. CHINA OPEN
The Beijing Tennis Centre
BEIJING
Singles
Men Quarterfinals
Florian Mayer, Germany, d. Zhang Ze, China, 6-3, 6-4. Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (3), France, d. Mikhail Youzhny, Russia, 6-3, 6-2. Feliciano Lopez, Spain, d. Sam Querrey, United States, 4-6, 6-4, 6-4. Novak Djokovic (1), Serbia, d. Jurgen Melzer, Austria, 6-1, 6-2.
Women Quarterfinals
Victoria Azarenka (1), Belarus, d. Romina Oprandi, Switzerland, 6-2, 6-0. Maria Sharapova (2), Russia, d. Angelique Kerber (5), Germany, 6-0, 3-0, retired. Li Na (7), China, d. Agnieszka Radwanska (3), Poland, 6-4, 6-2. Marion Bartoli (9), France, d. Carla Suarez Navarro, Spain, 6-0, 2-6, 6-4. TENNIS
JAPAN OPEN
Ariake Colosseum
TOKYO
Singles Semifinals
Milos Raonic (6), Canada, d. Janko Tipsarevic (3), Serbia, 6-7 (5), 6-2, 7-6 (7) Andy Murray (1), Britain, d. Stanislas Wawrinka (7), Switzerland, 6-2, 3-6, 6-2. Marcos Baghdatis, Cyprus, d. Dmitry Tursunov, Russia, 6-2, 6-4. Kei Nishikori (8), Japan, d. Tomas Berdych (2), Czech Republic, 7-5, 6-4.
N.F.L. INJURY REPORT
CLEVELAND AT GIANTS
BROWNS: OUT: S Tashaun Gipson (knee), TE Alex Smith (head). DOUBTFUL: WR Travis Benjamin (hamstring), WR Mohamed Massaquoi (hamstring). QUESTIONABLE: S T.J. Ward (hand). PROBABLE: WR Joshua Cribbs (head), RB Trent Richardson (not injury related), DE Frostee Rucker (shoulder), S Ray Ventrone (hand, calf), S Usama Young (knee). GIANTS: OUT: WR Ramses Barden (concussion), DT Rocky Bernard (quadriceps), CB Jayron Hosley (hamstring), WR Hakeem Nicks (foot, knee), S Kenny Phillips (knee). DOUBTFUL: T David Diehl (knee), LB Keith Rivers (hamstring). QUESTIONABLE: LB Michael Boley (hip), S Antrel Rolle (knee), G Chris Snee (hip), CB Corey Webster (hand, hamstring). PROBABLE: C David Baas (hand), CB Michael Coe (hamstring).
HOUSTON AT JETS
TEXANS: DNP: S Quintin Demps (thumb, forearm), WR Lestar Jean (knee), G Wade Smith (knee), RB Ben Tate (toe). LIMITED: G Antoine Caldwell (ankle, knee), NT Shaun Cody (back), TE Owen Daniels (thigh), WR Andre Johnson (groin), S Shiloh Keo (neck), DE Antonio Smith (ankle). FULL: LB Mister Alexander (hip), LB Bryan Braman (hamstring, neck), LB Tim Dobbins (hamstring), RB Arian Foster (hamstring), LB Bradie James (thigh), C Chris Myers (back), LB Jesse Nading (foot). JETS: OUT: CB Darrelle Revis (knee). DNP: RB John Conner (hamstring), WR Stephen Hill (hamstring), TE Dustin Keller (hamstring), S LaRon Landry (heel), RB Joe McKnight (illness), DT Sione Po'uha (back). LIMITED: CB Aaron Berry (ribs), LB Bart Scott (toe), S Eric Smith (hip, knee), LB Bryan Thomas (hamstring). FULL: LB Nick Bellore (shoulder), S Yeremiah Bell (shoulder), S Josh Bush (shoulder), CB Antonio Cromartie (shoulder), TE Jeff Cumberland (ribs), DE Mike DeVito (neck), T Austin Howard (back), WR Jeremy Kerley (finger), C Nick Mangold (wrist), G Brandon Moore (hip), LB Calvin Pace (Achilles), QB Mark Sanchez (back), G Matt Slauson (knee).
TRANSACTIONS
M.L.B.
American League
LOS ANGELES ANGELS—Agreed to terms with C Chris Iannetta on a three-year contract.
N.F.L.
Added three games to the six-game suspension of Denver LB D.J. Williams for violating the league's policy and program for substances of abuse following his conviction in August of driving while ability impaired. Fined Minnesota LB Chad Greenway and New England LB Brandon Spikes $21,000 each for unnecessary roughness and Buffalo DT Kyle Williams $15,750 for roughing the passer during last week's games. Fined New Orleans S Malcolm Jenkins, Green Bay NT B.J. Raji, Tennessee OT Dave Stewart, and Arizona PK Jay Feely $7,875 each for unnecessary roughness during last week's games.
JACKSONVILLE JAGUARS—Signed WR-KR Micheal Spurlock. Promoted DE Ryan Davis from the practice squad. Waived OL Daniel Baldridge and DE Aaron Morgan.
MINNESOTA VIKINGS—Signed G Tyler Holmes to the practice squad. Waived DE Ernest Owusu from the practice squad.
N.H.L.
ST. LOUIS BLUES—Announced president of hockey operations John Davidson agreed to a buyout of the remaining three years of his contract.
CARDINALS 6, BRAVES 3
St. Louis ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jay cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Beltran rf 4 1 1 0 0 1 .250
Holliday lf 3 2 2 1 0 0 .667
Motte p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Craig 1b 4 1 2 1 0 0 .500
Y.Molina c 4 0 0 1 0 0 .000
Freese 3b 2 0 0 1 0 1 .000
Chambers pr 0 1 0 0 0 0 ---
Mujica p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Rzepczynski p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Boggs p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
S.Robinson lf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Descalso 2b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Kozma ss 4 1 0 0 0 2 .000
Lohse p 2 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Lynn p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
M.Carpenter ph-3b 1 0 1 1 0 0 1.000
Totals 32 6 6 5 0 5
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourn cf 5 0 1 1 0 2 .200
Prado lf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .200
Heyward rf 5 0 1 0 0 1 .200
C.Jones 3b 5 0 1 0 0 1 .200
F.Freeman 1b 4 0 3 0 1 1 .750
Uggla 2b 4 1 0 0 1 0 .000
D.Ross c 4 1 3 2 0 0 .750
Simmons ss 4 0 1 0 0 0 .250
Medlen p 2 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Durbin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Venters p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Constanza ph 1 1 1 0 0 0 1.000
O'Flaherty p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
McCann ph 0 0 0 0 1 0 ---
Pastornicky pr 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Kimbrel p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 39 3 12 3 3 7
St. Louis 000 301 200—6 6 0
Atlanta 020 000 100—3 12 3
E—C.Jones (1), Uggla (1), Simmons (1). LOB—St Louis 2, Atlanta 12. 2B—Craig (1), Heyward (1), F.Freeman (1). 3B—Constanza (1). HR—Holliday (1), off Medlen; D.Ross (1), off Lohse. RBIs—Holliday (1), Craig (1), Y.Molina (1), Freese (1), M.Carpenter (1), Bourn (1), D.Ross 2 (2). S—Descalso. SF—Freese. DP—Atlanta 2
St. Louis ip h r er bb so np era
Lohse W1-0 5
Î/¯
6 2 2 1 6 81 3.18
Lynn H1 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 2 0.00
Mujica Î/¯
2 1 1 0 0 18 13.50
Rzepczynski H1 Í/¯
1 0 0 0 0 3 0.00
Boggs H1 Î/¯
1 0 0 1 0 18 0.00
Motte S1-1 1
Í/¯
2 0 0 1 1 28 0.00
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Medlen L0-1 6
Í/¯
3 5 2 0 4 92 2.84
Durbin 0 0 1 0 0 0 6 -
Venters Î/¯
1 0 0 0 0 6 0.00
O'Flaherty 1 2 0 0 0 0 9 0.00
Kimbrel 1 0 0 0 0 1 11 0.00
T—3:09 (Rain delay: 0:19). A—52,631 (49,586).
N.F.C. INDIVIDUAL LEADERS
Week 4
Quarterbacks
Att Com Yds TD Int
M. Ryan, ATL . . .147 102 1162 11 2
Griffin III, WAS . .124 86 1070 4 1
Ale. Smith, SNF .113 76 784 5 1
Ponder, MIN . . .123 84 824 4 0
Kolb, ARI . . . . .107 67 752 7 2
A. Rodgers, GBY 156 109 1064 7 3
E. Manning, NYG 160 103 1320 7 4
C. Newton, CAR .107 68 1013 4 5
Brees, NOR . . . .191 110 1350 10 5
Stafford, DET . . .173 114 1182 3 4
Rushers
Att Yds Avg LG TD
M. Lynch, SEA . . .92 423 4.60 36 2
L. McCoy, PHL . . .81 384 4.74 34 1
Morris, WAS . . . . .82 376 4.59 39t 4
A. Peterson, MIN .79 332 4.20 20 2
Gore, SNF . . . . . .66 326 4.94 23t 3
M. Turner, ATL . . .55 257 4.67 27 2
Griffin III, WAS . . .39 252 6.46 19 4
D. Martin, TAM . . .71 247 3.48 17 1
Murray, DAL . . . .61 237 3.89 48 1
Benson, GBY . . . .64 228 3.56 11 1
Receivers
No Yds Avg LG TD
Cruz, NYG . . . . . .32 388 12.1 80t 2
Amendola, STL . . .31 351 11.3 56 2
Harvin, MIN . . . . .30 299 10.0 24 0
Ca. Johnson, DET .29 423 14.6 51 1
R. White, ATL . . . .27 413 15.3 59 3
A.F.C. INDIVIDUAL LEADERS
Week 4
Quarterbacks
Att Com Yds TD Int
Roethlisberger, PIT 120 82 904 8 1
Schaub, HOU . .124 83 953 7 1
Dalton, CIN . . . .126 85 1111 8 4
Brady, NWE . . . .154 101 1227 7 1
P. Manning, DEN 153 99 1162 8 3
Flacco, BAL . . . .156 99 1269 7 3
P. Rivers, SND . .126 87 897 6 4
Locker, TEN . . .106 67 781 4 2
Fitzpatrick, BUF .125 72 931 12 7
C. Palmer, OAK .162 99 1081 5 2
Rushers
Att Yds Avg LG TD
J. Charles, KAN . .72 415 5.76 91t 2
A. Foster, HOU .103 380 3.69 22 4
Re. Bush, MIA . . .67 369 5.51 65t 2
Jones-Drew, JAC .72 352 4.89 59t 1
Spiller, BUF . . . . .41 341 8.32 56t 3
Ridley, NWE . . . .74 339 4.58 20 3
McGahee, DEN . .69 325 4.71 31 3
R. Rice, BAL . . . .64 317 4.95 43 3
Green-Ellis, CIN . .82 286 3.49 19 2
T. Richardson, CLE 64 222 3.47 32t 3
Receivers
No Yds Avg LG TD
A.. Green, CIN . . .27 428 15.9 73t 3
Hartline, MIA . . . .25 455 18.2 80t 1
Welker, NWE . . . .25 380 15.2 59 0
Bowe, KAN . . . . .25 342 13.7 33t 3
Lloyd, NWE . . . . .25 287 11.5 27 1
Decker, DEN . . . .24 322 13.4 35 1
Wayne, IND . . . . .23 294 12.8 30t 1
THIS DATE IN BASEBALL
1915 — Philadelphia rookie Elmer Myers made a spectacular debut by striking out 12 Washington batters while allowing just two hits. Myers walked 5 in the 4-0 win his only game this year.
1926 — Babe Ruth hit three homers to lead the Yankees to a 10-5 victory over the St. Louis Cardinals in the fourth game of the World Series.
1948 — In the opening game of the World Series, the Boston Braves beat Bob Feller and the Cleveland Indians 1-0 with two hits and the benefit of a disputed call on a pickoff attempt in the eighth by Feller.
1963 — Frank Howard led Los Angeles to a 2-1 win over the New York Yankees with a home run and a single, giving the Dodgers a four-game sweep in the World Series.
SAS CHAMPIONSHIP
Prestonwood Country Club
CARY, N.C.
Purse: $2.1 million
Yardage: 7,212; Par 72 (35-37)
First Round
Russ Cochran. . . . . . . . . .32-34—66 -6
Andrew Magee . . . . . . . . .32-35—67 -5
Steve Pate. . . . . . . . . . . .33-34—67 -5
Jay Don Blake. . . . . . . . . .30-37—67 -5
Fred Funk . . . . . . . . . . . .30-37—67 -5
Gene Sauers. . . . . . . . . . .34-34—68 -4
Allen Doyle. . . . . . . . . . . .35-33—68 -4
Bernhard Langer . . . . . . . .32-36—68 -4
Gary Hallberg. . . . . . . . . .33-35—68 -4
Kenny Perry . . . . . . . . . . .32-36—68 -4
Tom Jenkins. . . . . . . . . . .33-36—69 -3
Wayne Levi. . . . . . . . . . . .32-37—69 -3
Jeff Sluman . . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -3
Mark Wiebe . . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -3
Ted Schulz. . . . . . . . . . . .35-34—69 -3
YANKEES STATISTICS
BATTERS avg oba h 2b 3b hr rbi
Mesa .500 .500 1 0 0 0 1
Gardner .323 .417 10 2 0 0 3
Jeter .316 .362 216 32 0 15 58
Cano .313 .379 196 48 1 33 94
Nunez .292 .330 26 4 1 1 11
Dickerson .286 .412 4 0 0 2 5
Suzuki .283 .307 178 28 6 9 55
Chavez .281 .348 78 12 0 16 37
Rodriguez .272 .353 126 17 1 18 57
Swisher .272 .364 146 36 0 24 93
Teixeira .251 .332 113 27 1 24 84
Nix .243 .306 43 13 0 4 18
Stewart .241 .292 34 8 0 1 13
Ibanez .240 .308 92 19 3 19 62
Granderson .232 .319 138 18 4 43 106
Martin .211 .311 89 18 0 21 53
Jones .197 .294 46 7 0 14 34
McGehee .151 .220 8 3 0 1 6
Cervelli .000 .500 0 0 0 0 0
Team Totals .265 .337 1462 280 13 245 774
PITCHERS w l era ip h bb so
Rivera 1 1 2.16 8.1 6 2 8
Soriano 2 1 2.26 67.2 55 24 69
Robertson 2 7 2.67 60.2 52 19 81
Rapada 3 0 2.82 38.1 29 17 38
Pettitte 5 4 2.87 75.1 65 21 69
Kuroda 16 11 3.32 219.2 205 51 167
Eppley 1 2 3.33 46.0 46 17 32
Phelps 4 4 3.34 99.2 81 38 96
Sabathia 15 6 3.38 200.0 184 44 197
Logan 7 2 3.74 55.1 48 28 68
Hughes 16 13 4.23 191.1 196 46 165
Chamberlain 1 0 4.35 20.2 26 6 22
Nova 12 8 5.02 170.1 194 56 153
Lowe 9 11 5.11 142.2 180 51 55
Garcia 7 6 5.20 107.1 112 35 89
Wade 1 1 6.46 39.0 46 8 38
Aardsma 0 0 9.00 1.0 1 1 1
Warren 0 0 23.14 2.1 8 2 1
Team Totals 95 67 3.85 1445.1 1401 431 1318
GOLF
LAS VEGAS OPEN
TPC Summerlin
LAS VEGAS
Purse: $4.5 million
Yardage: 7,243; Par 71
Second Round
Jonas Blixt. . . . . . . . . . .64-64—128 -14
Brendon de Jonge. . . . . .62-66—128 -14
Ryan Moore . . . . . . . . . .61-68—129 -13
Tim Herron. . . . . . . . . . .63-68—131 -11
Daniel Summerhays. . . . .68-63—131 -11
Vijay Singh. . . . . . . . . . .66-66—132 -10
John Daly. . . . . . . . . . . .69-63—132 -10
Nick Watney. . . . . . . . . .66-66—132 -10
Chris Kirk. . . . . . . . . . . .64-68—132 -10
John Huh. . . . . . . . . . . .63-69—132 -10
Scott Piercy . . . . . . . . . .67-66—133 -9
Justin Leonard . . . . . . . .64-69—133 -9
Jimmy Walker. . . . . . . . .67-66—133 -9
Russell Knox. . . . . . . . . .66-67—133 -9
Kevin Na . . . . . . . . . . . .68-66—134 -8
Ken Duke. . . . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -8
Andres Romero. . . . . . . .68-66—134 -8
Robert Garrigus. . . . . . . .66-68—134 -8
Heath Slocum. . . . . . . . .67-67—134 -8
Kevin Stadler . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -8
J.J. Killeen . . . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -8
Richard H. Lee . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -8
Patrick Reed. . . . . . . . . .65-69—134 -8
Blake Adams . . . . . . . . .65-70—135 -7
John Mallinger. . . . . . . . .70-65—135 -7
Josh Teater . . . . . . . . . .70-65—135 -7
COLLEGE FOOTBALL
FRIDAY'S SCORES
EAST
American Intl. 28, Stonehill 17
Syracuse 14, Pittsburgh 13 FAR WEST
Cal Poly 45, Weber St. 23 A.P. TOP 25 SCHEDULE
All Times EDT
Saturday
No. 2 Oregon vs. No. 23 Washington, 10:30 p.m.
No. 3 Florida State at N.C. State, 8 p.m.
No. 4 LSU at No. 10 Florida, 3:30 p.m.
No. 5 Georgia at No. 6 South Carolina, 7 p.m.
No. 7 Kansas State vs. Kansas, Noon
No. 8 West Virginia at No. 11 Texas, 7 p.m.
No. 9 Notre Dame vs. Miami at Chicago, 7:30 p.m.
No. 12 Ohio State vs. No. 21 Nebraska, 8 p.m.
No. 14 Oregon State vs. Washington State, 6 p.m.
No. 15 Clemson vs. Georgia Tech, 3:30 p.m.
No. 15 TCU vs. Iowa State, 3:30 p.m.
No. 17 Oklahoma at Texas Tech, 3:30 p.m.
No. 18 Stanford vs. Arizona, 3 p.m.
No. 20 Mississippi State at Kentucky, 12:21 p.m.
No. 22 Rutgers vs. UConn, Noon
No. 24 Northwestern at Penn State, Noon
No. 25 UCLA at California, 10 p.m. ORIOLES 5, RANGERS 1
Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg.
McLouth lf 4 1 1 2 0 0 .250
Hardy ss 5 1 2 1 0 1 .400
C.Davis rf 4 0 1 0 0 3 .250
En.Chavez rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Ad.Jones cf 3 0 0 1 0 1 .000
Wieters c 4 0 0 0 0 2 .000
Thome dh 3 0 1 0 1 1 .333
Ford pr-dh 0 1 0 0 0 0 ---
Mar.Reynolds 1b 3 0 0 0 0 2 .000
Flaherty 2b 3 0 1 0 0 1 .333
Andino pr-2b 1 2 1 0 0 0 1.000
Machado 3b 3 0 1 1 0 1 .333
Totals 33 5 8 5 1 12
Texas ab r h bi bb so avg.
Kinsler 2b 3 1 2 0 1 0 .667
Andrus ss 4 0 2 0 0 0 .500
Hamilton lf-cf 4 0 0 0 0 2 .000
Beltre 3b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .000
N.Cruz rf 4 0 2 0 0 0 .500
Mi.Young 1b 4 0 2 0 0 0 .500
Napoli dh-c 3 0 0 0 1 2 .000
Soto c 2 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Moreland ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .000
Uehara p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Nathan p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Profar ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 1.000
Gentry cf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Dav.Murphy ph-lf 2 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 34 1 9 0 2 6
Baltimore 100 001 102—5 8 2
Texas 100 000 000—1 9 2
E—Mar.Reynolds (1), O'Day (1), Mi.Young (1), D.Holland (1). LOB—Baltimore 6, Texas 8. 2B—Andino (1). RBIs—McLouth 2 (2), Hardy (1), Ad.Jones (1), Machado (1). SB—McLouth (1), Mar.Reynolds (1). S—
Machado. SF—McLouth, Ad.Jones. DP—
Baltimore 3
Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era
J.Saunders W1-0 5
Î/¯
6 1 1 1 4 77 1.59
O'Day H1 2 1 0 0 0 1 24 0.00
Matusz H1 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 1 3 0.00
Ji.Johnson 1 2 0 0 1 0 17 0.00
Texas ip h r er bb so np era
Darvish L0-1 6
Î/¯
5 3 2 0 7 91 2.70
D.Holland Í/¯
1 0 0 0 1 8 0.00
Uehara 1 0 0 0 0 3 18 0.00
Nathan 1 2 2 2 1 1 35 18.00
T—3:19. A—46,931 (48,194).
ØØ
N
D7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
C O L L E G E F O OT BA L L
What was supposed to be a
paucity of interesting games last
week ended with several thrill-
ers.This Saturday is mouthwa-
tering, with huge tests of
strength that could help deter-
mine who plays where come
January.There will probably be
routs from one end of the coun-
try to the other.Let’s break
down the best games anyway,
starting with two monster
games from the Tyrannosaurus
rex of conferences, the South-
eastern.
FINALLY, ACHALLENGE
No. 5
Georgia has somehow managed
to win 15 straight regular-season
games without beating any team
of notable strength.And it plays
in the SEC.Something will give
when the Bulldogs visit No. 6
South Carolina.With their lead-
ing receiver,Michael Bennett,
injured, the Bulldogs will rely on
the freshmen running backs
Todd Gurley and Keith Marshall,
who are nicknamed Gurshall.
The two combined for 294 yards
and 5 touchdowns against Ten-
nessee.South Carolina has a
pretty fair back of its own in
Marcus Lattimore, who has run
for eight touchdowns.Both de-
fenses are laden with Sunday-
ready players, putting the onus
on which team’s offensive line-
men can avoid getting tossed
around like bales of hay and
open some holes for the runners
behind them.
WAKE-UPTIME
A couple of
states south, resurgent Florida,
ranked 10th,welcomes slovenly
Louisiana State to the Swamp.
Ranked fourth, the Tigers have
been kittenish of late, commit-
ting 5 turnovers and 19 penalties
in their last two uninspiring
wins.Towson (Towson!) out-
gained L.S.U.on the ground last
week.The Gators are lopping off
big chunks of run yardage, aver-
aging 225 yards per game, but
their solid offensive line will
have its hands full against
L.S.U.’s front, perhaps the best
in the nation, with defensive end
Barkevious Mingo.
PASSING SHOWDOWN
No. 8 West
Virginia scored 10 touchdowns
last week and needed them all in
a 70-63 game of flag football
against Baylor.Geno Smith’s
eight touchdown passes thrust
him to the front of the Heisman
Trophy race.No. 11 Texas would
seem to present a stiffer chal-
lenge, but the Longhorns have
struggled on defense as well,
giving up 67 points in the last
two games.Texas’ David Ash is
second in the country in passing
efficiency, trailing only, you
guessed it, Smith, so another
high-scoring affair would seem
to be in the offing.
START OF SOMETHING
No. 9 No-
tre Dame and Miami could be-
come a future rivalry now that
the Irish are under the Atlantic
Coast Conference banner for
most sports.In a reversal of the
old “Catholics vs.
Convicts” meme, the
Hurricanes have pulled out
consecutive miracle victories
over Georgia Tech and North
Carolina State, while Notre
Dame is restricting teams with
its defense.In a sport gone mad
with spread offenses and
scoring binges, the Irish’s
throwback style of incomplete
passes and 3-yard runs, offset by
a group of defensive maulers, is
almost refreshing.The game at
Soldier Field in Chicago comes
down to whether Miami’s group
of Sayerses and Paytons can
sprint away from Notre Dame’s
menacing gang of Butkuses and
Singletarys.
ROBERT WEINTRAUB
MATCHUPS
SCOTT CUNNINGHAM/GETTY IMAGES
Georgia’s Todd Gurley, left,
and Keith Marshall are nick-
named Gurshall.
JOE ROBBINS/GETTY IMAGES
Miami’s Stephen
Morris
By JOSH KATZOWITZ
AUSTIN, Tex.— When Texas
Coach Mack Brown was asked
this week about West Virginia
quarterback Geno Smith, he
spoke not of the way Smith has
made opposing defenses seem as
if they are not there, but of howhe
has made members of Brown’s
own staff go missing. Queried on a conference call
with reporters about the difficul-
ties of devising a game plan to
slow Smith, one of the top quar-
terbacks in the country, Brown
talked about searching the foot-
ball office in vain for the Long-
horns defensive coordinator Man-
ny Diaz.
“I’ve been down there three
times so far this week,and he’s
got his door closed,” Brown said.
“And he’s under his desk. It’s
been hard to communicate with
the defensive staff, because I
can’t find them.”
Jokes aside, No. 11 Texas (4-0,
1-0 Big 12), which hosts the
eighth-ranked Mountaineers (4-0,
1-0) on Saturday,has not faced an
offense as devastating as the one
led by Smith.
And Diaz’s unit is not playing
as well as expected. The Longhorns allowed 31
points to Mississippi two weeks
ago and gave up 36 to Oklahoma
State last week. In the last three
years, the Longhorns’ defense
finished ranked 11th or higher na-
tionally, but this season it is No.
63. No team has figured out a way
to stop Smith. His skills are but-
tressed by West Virginia’s experi-
enced offensive line and his abil-
ity to throw to receivers Tavon
Austin and Stedman Bailey, who
are Nos. 1 and 2 in the country in
receptions per game.
Smith has completed 83.4 per-
cent of his passes this season, for
1,728 yards, 20 touchdowns and no
interceptions.He has also man-
aged to make himself an early
Heisman Trophy favorite. “The best way for us is just to
let loose,” the Texas senior safety
Kenny Vaccaro said. “Put pres-
sure on the quarterback. I’ve
been watching film all week, and I
noticed a lot of times Geno was
getting to his third read. He’s sit-
ting back there,and nobody is
coming. You have to put pressure
on guys that can sling the ball like
that. Otherwise, they’ll pick you
apart.”
Though Smith has been sacked
three times in four games, a small
number considering he attempts
more than 42 passes per game,
the Texas junior defensive tackle
Chris Whaley said he saw on film
ways to penetrate West Virginia’s
offensive line. Maryland sacked Smith twice
on Sept. 22, and perhaps not co-
incidentally, also held West Vir-
ginia to a season-low 31 points. So finding ways to get to Smith
is imperative for Texas.
“We have to get penetration,”
Whaley said. “That’s how teams
like this get beat.”
Texas has nine sacks this sea-
son, but a bigger issue has been
the Longhorns’ inability to tackle
effectively. Brown counted 12 missed tack-
les on seven plays last week
against Oklahoma State, three of
which resulted in 109 yards and 2
touchdowns for the Cowboys.
Vaccaro said the team worked
on tackling this week in practice.
The junior strong safety Adrian
Phillips could be in jeopardy of
losing his starting position be-
cause of his problems bringing
down opponents.
“We’re getting it corrected,”
said Vaccaro, adding that he was
tired of hearing about the Long-
horns’ difficulties with tackling.
“When the ball breaks past the
defensive line, we have to get the
guy on the ground. Great second-
aries do that. Somebody has to
get the guy down. It’s just not ac-
ceptable.”
If the Longhorns do not im-
prove in that area, West Virginia,
which boasts the No. 3 offense in
the country, will almost certainly
make them pay for it. And if that
happens, Brown is not likely to be
in a joking mood.
HALLERAN/GETTY IMAGES
Struggling with tackling, Texas will be tested by West Virginia, ranked No. 3 in offense, and
Mountaineers quarterback Geno Smith, left,who has passed for 1,728 yards and 20 touchdowns.
Texas Not Hiding Its Concerns About Stopping Smith
ALEX BRANDON/ASSOCIATED PRESS
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RED BULLS 3:30 P.M. SAT. NBC ing list of coaches who behaved
badly, for a variety of reasons,
from lack of oversight to extra-
marital affairs to doctored résu-
més. The thread that linked them,
other than their job titles, was the
immense power they accumulat-
ed.
Still, to float a similar theory in
2012 would probably cost a college
president a job. One such presi-
dent, E. Gordon Gee of Ohio State,
who received much criticism for
once saying he hoped Tressel
would not fire him, a joke both
funny and sad for the truth inher-
ent in it, declined to comment on
Silber’s idea, which Gee de-
scribed in an e-mail as “an inter-
esting proposition.”
Nor did the coach of the coun-
try’s most dominant team, the de-
fending national champion Ala-
bama Crimson Tide, dismiss Sil-
ber’s no-coaches-on-game-day
whim as without merit.
Instead, that coach, Nick
Saban,said he learned something
that Silber would have appreciat-
ed from Bill Belichick. In Saban’s
early years, under Belichick,
Saban said he tried to coach too
much during games. Too many in-
structions. Too many adjust-
ments.
“Let the players play,” Saban
said Belichick told him. “You
can’t do it for them in the game.”
Of Silber’s theory, Saban add-
ed: “There is a part of what he’s
saying that is very true. And you
almost have to condition the play-
ers for that.”
In newspaper accounts of Sil-
ber’s proposition, he is quoted as
advocating that coaches remain
involved during weekly prepara-
tion. Come game time, the players
would decide on plays, call and
execute them, and receive in-
structions only from teammates.
The closest comparison to that
is what happened this season in
New Orleans, when the N.F.L.
suspended Coach Sean Payton for
his role in the Saints’ bounty
scandal. Other coaches stepped
in, but the Saints’ 0-4 start has
only underscored his value, par-
ticularly on the sidelines.
“When you hear that proposal,
you have to say, what are we real-
ly talking about?” said Ed Cun-
ningham, the ESPN analyst who
played at Washington in college.
“What do we really want to
change? Do we really want to
take billions of dollars off the ta-
ble and make football a club
sport? Where coaches sleep in on
Saturdays? Where they play
games on the
quad?
“You can’t do
that. That’s not
the answer.”
Cunningham
could, however,
appreciate the
sentiment. He
agreed with Sil-
ber, with most
of the college
sports world,
that coaches
have become
too powerful, that university pri-
orities have become too skewed
toward major sports. To that end, Cunningham sug-
gested writing incentives into
coaches’ contracts. Pay them
when players graduate and sea-
sons end without incident. Fine
them for the boorish behavior and
the scandals. “College presidents need to
take their power back,” Cunning-
ham said. “That’s the solution. To
bring sports back in line with the
mission of a university.”
Years after Silber suggested
colleges remove coaches from the
sidelines, he did just that at Bos-
ton University. Permanently, at
that. He cited a lack of interest
among students and the costs as-
sociated with the program rela-
tive to what little revenue it pro-
duced when he eliminated foot-
ball after the 1997 season.
The program’s final starting
quarterback, Dan Hanafin, said
the players heard of the team’s
imminent demise at halftime of
their homecoming game against
Northeastern. He said the fans’
disposition changed dramatically
during the break. He saw athletic
department employees with tears
in their eyes.
Hanafin came to B.U. after he
watched the 1993 season, in which
the Terriers went undefeated in
the regular season and advanced
to the quarterfinals of the Divi-
sion I-AA playoffs. He decided to
attend B.U. because of that team
—and its coach, Dan Allen, who
led the Terriers from 1990 to 1995.
Allen provided more guidance,
more structure, more life lessons,
to Hanafin than anyone but his
parents. He did not expect Silber,
with such a disdain for football,to
understand that “a symphony re-
quires a conductor to synthesize
the talent and skill of the musi-
cians.”
B.U. played its final game
against James Madison short-
handed, in the rain and cold.
When Hanafin was injured, a re-
ceiver filled in at quarterback. Af-
terward, Hanafin said,the players
lingered in the locker room, un-
willing to let go. The fans tried to
rip down the goal posts. The po-
lice, Hanafin said, pepper-
sprayed them.
That is how football at Boston
University ended. The university
later formed a club team. Allen
left for Holy Cross but died in 2004
at age 48. His wife, Hanafin said,
compiled a scrapbook stuffed
with dozens, even hundreds, of
heartfelt letters and cards. Her
sons later followed their father
into coaching, Hanafin said.
“John Silber brought B.U. back
into national prominence as an
academic institution,” Hanafin
said. “That could have been done,
that was done, when football was
still there. For me, the contrast to
Silber was Dan Allen. I learned
more from him than from any
teacher at B.U.
“I guess I can thank Silber for
that.”
Hanafin met his wife in Boston,
became a police sergeant in Mas-
sachusetts and had five children,
all boys. He did not take them to
homecoming this year at Boston
University, which featured a sym-
posium on concussions rather
than a football game.
But Hanafin has honored Allen
in another way, on the sidelines,
not off them.
He became an assistant coach.
Imagining a Sideline Without Coaches
From First Sports Page
John R.Silber
of Boston
University in
1971.
Tim Rohan contributed reporting.
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CO−OPS & CONDOS
MANHATTAN
EASTSIDE
(820)
Co−ops & Condos
Manhattan Below 34th 840
Manhattan Apts. Unfurnished
Three, Four & Five Rms.878
Riverdale
Apts. Unfurnished 1095
Nassau/Suffolk
Houses for Sale 1405
California
Hamptons & North Fork
Sales 2319
Other Areas
Sales 2395
Help Wanted 2600
Antiques
Sail Boats & Auxiliaries 3804
D8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,OCTOBER 6, 2012
80°
70°
60°
50°
40°
Record
highs
Normal
highs
Normal
lows
Record
lows
M T W T F S S M T W
TODAY
High High
Actual
Forecast
range
LowLow
Past peak
Peak
Near peak
Some color
Still green
Burlington
Portland
Albany
New York
Boston
Philadelphia
Washington
Pittsburgh
Charleston
Norfolk
H
H
H
H
80s
80
80
80
70s
70s
0s
0s
30s
4
0s
s
50s
90
s
90
90s
90s
9
90s
9
80s
80
80s
80
80s
80s
80s
7
0s
s
70s
s
s
70s
s
70s
70s
7
0s
70s
70s
70s
60s
60s
0s
60s
60s
60
60
50s
50s
40s
40s
30s
30s
30s
Pi
err
e
Bis
m
a
r
ck
F
arg
o
Minneapolis
n
Paul
St. Pa
Pa
S
Chicago
o
kee
Milwauk
Mil
Milw
Indianapolis
polis
polis
i
D
etro
it
C
levelan
d
Pittsburg
gh
g
Washington
Wash
Wash
Wash
ash
s
Philadelphia
Phi
New York
N
chmond
Richm
Norfolk
N
N
N
gh
Raleigh
C
harlott
e
bia
Columb
Atlanta
nta
Jacksonville
J
Orlando
O
Tampa
a
Mi
am
i
N
assa
u
Birming
mingham
ming
m
B
Mobile
Mo
New
New
Orleans
Jackso
kson
ckso
n
Bato
Baton Rouge
Baton
o
Little Rock
ck
ck
Memphis
Nas
ashville
as
as
as
N
ashvill
a
a
a
a
Louis
v
ille
Cha
harleston
Cha
Ch
h
Ch
n
a
h
arlesto
Sioux Falls
alls
alls
o
Casper
per
per
Ch
eyenne
he
De
nv
er
Colorado
orado
orado
Spri
rings
ri
eg
Winnipeg
R
eg
i
n
a
Billi
n
gs
Helena
Helena
Helena
Boise
B
Spokan
e
Vancouver
couv
couve
S
eattl
e
R
e
n
o
S
Sa
an Fran
a
ancisco
an
co
Fre
resno
re
Los An
Ang
An
geles
ge
S
Sa
Sa
Sa
an Diego
an
o
Honolulu
Ho
Hilo
F
Fairbanks
Anchorage
Anchora
orage
ora
Juneau
eau
nix
hoenix
nix
Pho
hoe
n
Tucson
n
as
Las
as
Vegas
Lake
Salt Lake
Lake
City
City
City
e
rque
e
Albuquerq
rq
Albuq
Albuq
a Fe
Santa F
a F
Lubbo
Lubbock
Lubboc
o
Paso
o
El P
P
F
t
. W
o
r
t
h
Dallas
s
O
klahoma C
it
y
S A
San Antonio
S A t i
S
S
ouston
Hou
Corpus Christi
C
Monterr
Monterrey
Monterr
Eugen
ene
e
Portla
and
d
d
Albany
y
y
Hartford
Har
a
a
B
uffalo
To
Toronto
Ottawa
M
ontrea
l
c
Quebec
Burling
gton
g
g
g
g
Manchester
Ma
M
M
M
M
M
Boston
70s
70s
70s
70s
Portland
P
Halifax
alifax
D
es M
o
i
ne
s
O
Omaha
O
T
o
p
e
ka
W
Wichita
W
K
ansa
s
C
it
y
St. Louis
Springfield
i
High pressure will usher chilly air across much of the Nation’s midsection today. Temperatures will be lower than usual for early October. Snow is possible in the High Plains. Tonight, a hard freeze will grip the Plains and the Upper Midwest.
Highlight: Widespread Chilly Air
Chicago
Dallas
Denver
–10°
–20°
–30°
Departure
from normal
temperatures
40°
50°
60°
70°
80°
90°
4
p.m.
12
a.m.
6
a.m.
12
p.m.
4
p.m.
Record
high 94°
(1941)
Normal
high 68°
Normal
low 54°
Record
low 35°
(1881)
THU.YESTERDAY
61°
8 a.m.
78°
2 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Temperature
............. +5.5°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.1°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 76%Yesterday
............. 74%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 1.99Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 4.57Actual
.................... 4.33Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 42.00Actual
.................. 49.92Normal
LAST 30 DAYS
Air pressure Humidity
Heating Degree Days
Trends
........... 30.10 9 a.m.High
............ 29.98 4 p.m.Low
............. 93% 2 a.m.High
.............. 42% 2 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature fell below 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
p
are with those of the last 30 y
ears.
..................................................................... 0Yesterday
.......................................................... 4So far this month
................................ 26So far this season (since July 1)
................................... 67Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Temperature
Average
Below Above
Precipitation
Average
Below Above
H L
TODAY’S HIGHS
FRONTS PRESSURE
COLD HIGH LOW RAINSHOWERS ICEFLURRIES SNOWT-STORMSMOSTLY
CLOUDY
WARM STATIONARY COMPLEX
COLD
PRECIPITATION
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
Cities
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ............ Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
Sun
Jupiter
Saturn
Moon
Mars
Venus
National Forecast
Boating
Last Quarter New First Quarter Full
Oct. 8 Oct. 15 Oct. 21 Oct. 29
Northeast Foliage
8:01 a.m. 3:49 p.m.
RISE
6:58 a.m.
SET
6:29 p.m.
NEXT R
6:59 a.m.
R
9:30 p.m.
S
12:20 p.m.
R
8:19 a.m.
S
7:19 p.m.
S
12:52 p.m.
R
10:40 p.m.
S
1:36 p.m.
R
10:56 a.m.
S
8:28 p.m.
R
3:37 a.m.
S
4:58 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
75/ 48 PC 55/ 44 R
Bridgeport 76/ 57 0 74/ 48 PC 56/ 41 R
Caldwell 81/ 55 0 73/ 45 PC 55/ 39 R
Danbury 78/ 53 0 70/ 40 PC 53/ 34 R
Islip 78/ 57 0 74/ 47 PC 55/ 41 R
Newark 81/ 61 0 72/ 49 PC 57/ 44 R
Trenton 80/ 58 0 74/ 46 PC 55/ 39 R
White Plains 78/ 57 0 74/ 45 PC 54/ 40 R
Albany 76/ 54 0 60/ 39 Sh 55/ 35 R
Albuquerque 81/ 53 0 68/ 45 PC 68/ 50 S
Anchorage 54/ 47 0.13 54/ 45 PC 53/ 46 R
Atlanta 84/ 62 0 82/ 55 PC 66/ 50 PC
Atlantic City 79/ 63 0 77/ 54 T 58/ 46 R
Austin 92/ 61 0 76/ 50 S 67/ 53 PC
Baltimore 80/ 59 0 74/ 50 PC 58/ 44 R
Baton Rouge 88/ 64 0 86/ 56 S 76/ 51 C
Birmingham 84/ 59 0 76/ 49 C 64/ 45 PC
Boise 61/ 31 0 60/ 37 S 64/ 34 S
Boston 78/ 61 0 75/ 49 PC 59/ 44 R
Buffalo 64/ 45 0.07 56/ 39 PC 52/ 37 R
Burlington 74/ 54 0 58/ 41 R 54/ 32 PC
Casper 37/ 20 0.03 36/ 20 Sn 54/ 27 S
Charlotte 84/ 56 0 84/ 56 PC 65/ 45 T
Chattanooga 84/ 58 0 72/ 50 C 64/ 44 PC
Chicago 54/ 37 0.02 50/ 36 C 54/ 36 S
Cincinnati 70/ 43 0 58/ 38 PC 56/ 34 PC
Cleveland 58/ 44 0.12 54/ 40 PC 51/ 37 R
Colorado Springs 47/ 27 0 40/ 22 Sn 50/ 31 S
Columbus 70/ 44 0 58/ 38 PC 56/ 36 R
Concord, N.H. 78/ 52 0 71/ 38 Sh 56/ 33 R
Dallas-Ft. Worth 77/ 49 0 54/ 46 C 63/ 51 PC
Denver 44/ 29 0.10 40/ 24 Sn 57/ 35 S
Des Moines 52/ 30 0 52/ 28 PC 57/ 39 S
Detroit 57/ 40 0.42 54/ 36 C 52/ 36 PC
El Paso 89/ 64 0 85/ 52 S 74/ 55 S
Fargo 41/ 28 0 48/ 29 PC 58/ 39 S
Hartford 80/ 56 0 72/ 43 PC 54/ 37 R
Honolulu 85/ 69 0 84/ 71 PC 85/ 71 Sh
Houston 90/ 66 0 85/ 57 S 71/ 54 C
Indianapolis 57/ 38 0.22 58/ 36 PC 55/ 35 S
Jackson 86/ 61 0 76/ 50 PC 68/ 47 PC
Jacksonville 84/ 69 0.05 86/ 68 T 88/ 64 T
Kansas City 52/ 32 0.04 52/ 32 PC 57/ 38 S
Key West 88/ 80 0.10 87/ 79 T 88/ 78 T
Las Vegas 90/ 67 0 86/ 65 S 84/ 64 PC
Lexington 77/ 46 0 60/ 39 PC 56/ 34 PC
Little Rock 82/ 50 0.26 58/ 47 Sh 62/ 42 S
Los Angeles 79/ 62 0 79/ 61 PC 76/ 59 PC
Louisville 77/ 45 0 60/ 39 PC 58/ 36 PC
Memphis 83/ 49 0 62/ 46 Sh 62/ 44 PC
Miami 90/ 78 0.17 88/ 77 T 88/ 77 T
Milwaukee 55/ 36 0 50/ 35 C 52/ 37 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 48/ 32 0 48/ 29 PC 57/ 43 S
Nashville 82/ 51 0 64/ 45 Sh 61/ 39 PC
New Orleans 87/ 67 0 88/ 63 S 75/ 59 PC
Norfolk 82/ 61 0 83/ 58 PC 66/ 48 R
Oklahoma City 58/ 42 0.04 54/ 39 C 57/ 42 PC
Omaha 53/ 26 0 50/ 26 PC 59/ 39 S
Orlando 89/ 73 0.08 88/ 72 T 89/ 71 T
Philadelphia 82/ 61 0 75/ 49 PC 55/ 42 R
Phoenix 97/ 71 0 95/ 71 S 94/ 70 S
Pittsburgh 76/ 50 0 56/ 41 PC 52/ 35 R
Portland, Me. 71/ 55 0 68/ 43 C 58/ 37 R
Portland, Ore. 71/ 42 0 72/ 44 S 72/ 42 S
Providence 77/ 58 0 74/ 48 PC 57/ 41 R
Raleigh 84/ 59 0 84/ 59 PC 66/ 44 R
Reno 78/ 41 0 73/ 39 PC 71/ 38 PC
Richmond 84/ 59 0 84/ 52 T 56/ 41 R
Rochester 67/ 47 0.04 56/ 40 PC 52/ 37 R
Sacramento 77/ 52 0 77/ 50 PC 76/ 49 PC
Salt Lake City 63/ 38 0 60/ 31 S 61/ 41 S
San Antonio 92/ 66 0 80/ 53 S 69/ 55 PC
San Diego 73/ 66 0 74/ 64 PC 72/ 63 PC
San Francisco 68/ 56 0 65/ 54 PC 66/ 53 PC
San Jose 70/ 55 0 70/ 53 PC 71/ 51 PC
San Juan 90/ 73 0.07 90/ 77 Sh 90/ 79 Sh
Seattle 67/ 43 0 67/ 44 S 68/ 46 S
Sioux Falls 50/ 26 0 48/ 24 PC 59/ 39 S
Spokane 57/ 31 0 61/ 37 S 65/ 36 S
St. Louis 51/ 38 0.25 56/ 36 PC 58/ 39 S
St. Thomas 90/ 78 0.03 89/ 77 S 89/ 77 Sh
Syracuse 73/ 51 0 58/ 40 R 54/ 35 R
Tampa 89/ 73 0 89/ 74 T 89/ 72 T
Toledo 55/ 37 0.45 54/ 35 PC 54/ 33 PC
Tucson 93/ 64 0 91/ 64 S 91/ 63 S
Tulsa 57/ 39 0.04 56/ 37 C 58/ 42 S
Virginia Beach 81/ 62 0 83/ 61 PC 67/ 50 R
Washington 83/ 62 0 76/ 51 PC 55/ 44 R
Wichita 59/ 39 0.02 52/ 32 PC 59/ 39 S
Wilmington, Del. 80/ 58 0 76/ 48 PC 54/ 41 R
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday To
day Tomorrow
Algiers 90/ 68 0.09 84/ 67 PC 84/ 64 PC
Cairo 87/ 71 0 86/ 68 S 85/ 66 S
Cape Town 63/ 46 0 63/ 51 PC 61/ 48 Sh
Dakar 90/ 77 0.11 89/ 78 C 91/ 78 PC
Johannesburg 87/ 60 0 84/ 60 PC 87/ 59 PC
Nairobi 85/ 59 0 85/ 60 PC 85/ 59 PC
Tunis 89/ 70 0 91/ 70 S 89/ 68 PC
Baghdad 100/ 77 0 99/ 78 PC 103/ 77 PC
Bangkok 88/ 78 0.31 86/ 77 T 87/ 73 Sh
Beijing 78/ 47 0 75/ 53 S 75/ 52 PC
Damascus 86/ 57 0 84/ 52 S 84/ 53 S
Hong Kong 86/ 77 0 87/ 79 C 86/ 79 PC
Jakarta 91/ 76 0.13 91/ 76 Sh 91/ 75 PC
Jerusalem 76/ 62 0.02 76/ 59 S 75/ 59 S
Karachi 91/ 72 0 90/ 74 S 89/ 75 S
Manila 84/ 75 0.95 88/ 75 T 88/ 77 PC
Mumbai 90/ 81 0.24 86/ 77 T 90/ 79 T
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 98/ 70 0 98/ 69 S 96/ 67 S
Riyadh 97/ 69 0 96/ 64 S 96/ 66 S
Seoul 73/ 52 0 75/ 54 S 73/ 54 PC
Shanghai 78/ 62 0 78/ 64 PC 75/ 62 S
Singapore 86/ 77 0.89 88/ 77 R 88/ 77 R
Sydney 88/ 58 0 72/ 47 Sh 69/ 47 W
Taipei 83/ 71 0.02 81/ 72 PC 80/ 71 PC
Tehran 81/ 65 0 81/ 65 PC 80/ 66 PC
Tokyo 79/ 68 0.02 76/ 66 C 76/ 63 C
Amsterdam 61/ 49 0.23 59/ 45 R 59/ 43 PC
Athens 88/ 68 0 86/ 66 S 86/ 64 S
Berlin 61/ 44 0.09 52/ 43 R 55/ 41 PC
Brussels 62/ 48 0.22 55/ 39 R 58/ 44 PC
Budapest 68/ 53 0 73/ 55 S 66/ 43 R
Copenhagen 53/ 45 0.51 56/ 48 Sh 56/ 45 Sh
Dublin 57/ 43 0 55/ 45 PC 55/ 48 R
Edinburgh 55/ 40 0.04 54/ 35 PC 54/ 39 PC
Frankfurt 67/ 45 0.05 66/ 47 R 59/ 40 PC
Geneva 72/ 46 0 74/ 52 PC 60/ 50 R
Helsinki 55/ 45 0.66 54/ 43 Sh 54/ 43 R
Istanbul 75/ 66 0.15 77/ 67 S 76/ 59 S
Kiev 63/ 48 0 68/ 54 PC 63/ 46 Sh
Lisbon 81/ 61 0 75/ 61 PC 82/ 59 S
London 60/ 51 0.36 61/ 43 R 59/ 52 C
Madrid 75/ 50 0 79/ 52 PC 79/ 52 PC
Moscow 61/ 50 0.15 52/ 45 R 52/ 39 R
Nice 75/ 61 0 76/ 60 PC 78/ 66 PC
Oslo 54/ 37 0 54/ 34 S 55/ 34 C
Paris 68/ 56 0.05 64/ 54 R 65/ 54 C
Prague 66/ 42 0 70/ 46 R 57/ 41 PC
Rome 75/ 55 0 73/ 55 S 73/ 59 PC
St. Petersburg 59/ 47 0.21 50/ 43 Sh 52/ 43 C
Stockholm 55/ 43 0.04 54/ 41 PC 52/ 39 R
Vienna 68/ 52 0 74/ 58 S 61/ 44 R
Warsaw 57/ 47 0.08 61/ 45 R 55/ 43 Sh
Acapulco 90/ 75 0 91/ 76 T 91/ 75 T
Bermuda 82/ 75 0.10 82/ 77 Sh 82/ 77 Sh
Edmonton 48/ 23 0 61/ 39 PC 67/ 37 S
Guadalajara 79/ 45 0 84/ 49 PC 85/ 48 PC
Havana 87/ 72 0.17 88/ 72 T 88/ 72 T
Kingston 88/ 79 0.06 89/ 76 T 89/ 78 T
Martinique 89/ 74 0.43 90/ 75 T 91/ 77 T
Mexico City 72/ 45 0 75/ 46 T 74/ 47 PC
Monterrey 92/ 67 0 93/ 62 S 78/ 63 PC
Montreal 69/ 55 0 58/ 45 R 52/ 39 PC
Nassau 87/ 79 0.20 88/ 78 T 88/ 78 T
Panama City 86/ 76 0.49 87/ 75 R 87/ 75 R
Quebec City 64/ 53 0 54/ 39 R 50/ 37 PC
Santo Domingo 89/ 72 0.04 90/ 72 Sh 89/ 73 Sh
Toronto 65/ 59 0.04 56/ 39 W 52/ 37 PC
Vancouver 62/ 44 0 66/ 46 S 65/ 48 S
Winnipeg 38/ 32 0.26 48/ 32 PC 52/ 37 PC
Buenos Aires 73/ 60 0.17 75/ 63 T 68/ 59 Sh
Caracas 92/ 78 0.35 92/ 79 T 92/ 78 T
Lima 69/ 57 0 69/ 57 S 70/ 59 C
Quito 68/ 47 0.37 64/ 50 T 63/ 49 R
Recife 83/ 75 0.02 83/ 75 Sh 84/ 74 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 86/ 70 0 85/ 69 PC 85/ 68 S
Santiago 66/ 45 0.02 59/ 43 Sh 63/ 46 Sh
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Wind will be from the southwest, then from the north-
west, at 10-20 knots. Waves will be 2-4 feet on the ocean, 1-2 feet on Long Island Sound and 1 foot or less on New York Harbor. Visibility will be good.
Atlantic City ................ 12:00 p.m. .......................... ---
Barnegat Inlet .............. 12:13 a.m. ............ 12:14 p.m.
The Battery .................... 1:03 a.m. ............ 12:55 p.m.
Beach Haven ................. 1:43 a.m. .............. 1:44 p.m.
Bridgeport ..................... 3:53 a.m. .............. 4:04 p.m.
City Island ...................... 3:36 a.m. .............. 3:36 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ................. 1:11 a.m. .............. 1:12 p.m.
Montauk Point ................ 1:42 a.m. .............. 2:10 p.m.
Northport ....................... 3:48 a.m. .............. 3:59 p.m.
Port Washington ............ 3:22 a.m. .............. 3:22 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................. 12:25 a.m. ............ 12:26 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet .......... 11:47 a.m. .......................... ---
Stamford ........................ 3:56 a.m. .............. 4:07 p.m.
Tarrytown ....................... 2:52 a.m. .............. 2:44 p.m.
Willets Point ................... 3:33 a.m. .............. 3:33 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 78/ 61 0
Metropolitan Forecast
TODAY
..........................Warm, showers later
High 75. Ahead of a cold front, another
warm day will unfold. As the front ap-
proaches, sunshine will give way to some
clouds with showers expected in parts of
the area during the afternoon.
TONIGHT
....................................Partly cloudy
Low 48. As the cold front pushes to the
east, cooler air will start to move in. After
any leftover evening showers, the night
will be dry under a partly cloudy sky.
TOMORROW
..........................Colder with rain
High 55. A drastically colder day is coming
up. The change in temperatures will be
amplified by clouds and rain that spread
across the area from a developing low
pressure system.
MONDAY
................................Clouds and sun
The low pressure system will move away,
so a clearing trend can be expected, as
long as another low pressure system does
not form near the coast. The air will re-
main quite cool.
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
..............................A little milder
High pressure will bring a good deal of
sunshine Tuesday with a high of 64. A cold
front will bring some clouds and showers
into the area Wednesday. The high will be
66.
A cold front crossing the region will bring
about a change to much cooler weather
during the course of the weekend. The
front will produce showers that will be
most widespread in northern areas. A
more general rainfall is expected in some
areas tomorrow, and high elevations could
have some snowflakes.
A cold front will move through the
Northeast and New England today, usher-
ing in a chilly autumn air mass on a blus-
tery northwest wind. A few areas of show-
ers or even spots of heavier rain are possi-
ble from Maine to eastern Kentucky.
Chilly and blustery weather will also be
found over the Great Lakes, with lake-ef-
fect flurries and rain showers possible in
downwind areas. The cold front will also
slide through the Southeast with much
cooler than normal temperatures filtering
into the region.
Elsewhere, some snow is likely over
northeastern Colorado, far western Ne-
braska and even parts of southeastern
Wyoming.
The West will continue to be warm with
abundant sunshine and mostly dry weath-
er.
HO C K E Y
By ANDREW ROTH
MOSCOW — It could easily
have been a scene from Verizon
Center in Washington when a
crowd gathered last week in front
of a short-staffed apparel stand to
clamor for anything with Alex
Ovechkin’s name stamped on it.
But the eager fans were clutch-
ing rubles, not dollars, and were
demanding jerseys in the signa-
ture blue and white of Dynamo
Moscow, where Ovechkin, the
Capitals’ star left wing,now plays
as the N.H.L. lockout drags on.
The N.H.L. work stoppage, so
maddening to North American
hockey fans, has been a boon for
the Kontinental Hockey League,
which is enjoying its most high-
profile season since its inception
in 2008.
With the first two weeks of the
N.H.L.regular season canceled
and no end to the lockout in sight,
more than 30 N.H.L. players have
signed with K.H.L. teams since
the lockout began Sept. 15 to stay
on the ice and ensure a steady
paycheck. The K.H.L. has grown
to 26 clubs in 7 countries, and
locked-out players are biding
their time in places like Bratisla-
va, Slovakia, and Khabarovsk in
the Russian Far East, 15 time
zones from New York.
The K.H.L. expanded rosters to
allow for an influx of talent from
overseas but limited its clubs to
signing a maximum of three
locked-out players. League offi-
cials have been careful to sound a
diplomatic tone.
“It goes against our principles
to wish ill upon another league,
although I know that many have
and continue to wish ill on the
K.H.L.,” Alexander Medvedev,
the president of the K.H.L., told
the Russian newspaper Sovetsky
Sport this week.
Medvedev said that if the lock-
out continued through December,
more than 60 percent of the
games in the K.H.L. would in-
clude N.H.L. players. “If that happens, of course,
then we’ll be pleased,” he said.
The league has maneuvered in
other ways to increase its ex-
posure.ESPN announced Friday
that it would stream at least sev-
en K.H.L. games on its Internet
channel ESPN3, beginning Tues-
day when Ovechkin and Dynamo
Moscow travel to Prague to face
Lev, which signed Boston Bruins
defenseman Zdeno Chara this
week. That game will also be
broadcast live on ESPN2. Ovech-
kin’s team will be featured fre-
quently on ESPN3, but the con-
firmed games also include the
Devils’ Ilya Kovalchuk with SKA
St. Petersburg and the Pittsburgh
Penguins’ Evgeni Malkin with
Metallurg Magnitogorsk.
The K.H.L.announced this
summer that Dynamo Moscow
and SKA St. Petersburg would
play two games in the newly
opened Barclays Center in Brook-
lyn in January. Though the game
was not yet listed on the arena’s
event calendar as of Friday,it
could feature Ovechkin and
Kovalchuk if the lockout contin-
ues long enough. The K.H.L. did not exist when
Ovechkin left Dynamo Moscow
for the Capitals in 2005. At the
time Russia’s top circuit was the
Superliga, which attracted more
than 75 N.H.L. players during the
2004-5 lockout.
But the league had organiza-
tional problems, and it was re-
placed in 2008 by the K.H.L. Its
founders — notably Medvedev, a
deputy director of the natural gas
company Gazprom — sought to
re-establish Russia as a center of
top-tier hockey, stemming the
loss of top talent and challenging
the dominance of the N.H.L.
The K.H.L. has also experi-
enced fundamental problems.
Teams missed payrolls because of
cash shortfalls or dropped out of
the league. Ambitious expansion
plans fell through. The death of
an 18-year-old star, Alexei Chere-
panov, from heart failure exposed
inadequate emergency care at
arenas and poor medical stand-
ards by team doctors. Last year,
the entire Lokomotiv Yaroslavl
team died after a plane crash on
opening day, exposing the dan-
gers of air travel for K.H.L. clubs
and casting a shadow over the en-
tire season.
But today,Lokomotiv, with the
N.H.L. players Semyon Varlamov,
Artem Anisimov and Dmitri Kuli-
kov,is atop its conference, and
highly anticipated matchups of
top players have provided the
K.H.L. with marquee events. Fac-
ing Kovalchuk and SKA St. Pe-
tersburg last month, Ovechkin
took a pass that skittered be-
tween the legs of a SKA defender
and sent a one-timer into the net,
scoring his first goal for the club
since 2005. Shouts of “Our Ovech-
kin!” rang out through the Luzh-
niki Small Sports Arena as thou-
sands of fans waved flags and
scarves.Tuesday’s game will pit
Ovechkin against his longtime ri-
val Chara, whom he has faced in
the Stanley Cup playoffs and in
the gold medal game at the world
championships in the past six
months.
Off the ice, Ovechkin and oth-
ers like Malkin and Red Wings
center Pavel Datsyuk, who
signed with CSKA Moscow, have
returned to a hero’s welcome,
skating laps on their childhood
rinks and giving interviews over
dinners prepared by their moth-
ers.Nail Yakupov, the No. 1 over-
all pick for Edmonton in June’s
N.H.L. draft, refused to return to
his junior team in the Ontario
Hockey League during the lock-
out and went home to Tatarstan
to play for Neftekhimik Nizhne-
kamsk.
“They are patriots,” said Vse-
volod V. Kukushkin, a veteran
sports journalist who covered the
Soviet national team and now
works as an adviser for the
K.H.L. “Many are just patriots for
their home clubs. Players here
often want to play for the team
where they began. They take
pride in it.”
Yet some were viewed as turn-
coats when they left.Malkin, who
won the Hart Trophy last season
as the N.H.L.’s most valuable
player, absconded in 2006 from
Metallurg Magnitogorsk to the
Penguins in what became known
here as the Malkin affair,leading
to a drawn-out contract dispute
between the two clubs.
Yet it reportedly took only two
hours for Malkin to come to terms
with his hometown club when the
lockout was formally announced
last month.
While the teams have taken
back the players with open arms,
some fans still bear a grudge.
“It was a boy’s decision, not
that of a man,” said Igor Larin, a
writer for Sport-Express, adding
that few of the N.H.L. stars had
lived up to their publicity. Entering Saturday’s games,
Malkin and Kovalchuk had each
scored only one goal. Ovechkin
had two goals in six games with
Dynamo Moscow.All three play-
ers were among the top 10 goal
scorers in the N.H.L. last season.
“We have players that are just
as good, but we don’t promote
them like the North Americans
do,” Larin said. “For me, the
greatest intrigue of the lockout is
just how much these players have
been overhyped.”
With N.H.L. Arenas Silent, an Overseas League Welcomes Stars and Buzz
Jeff Z. Klein contributed reporting
from New York.
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