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The New York Times - Saturday, November 3, 2012

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Daniel Day
Lewis, Na-
omi Watts,
Helen Mirren
and Anthony
Hopkins are
among the
big names
in this
crop of
movies. ARTS &
A Season of Stars
Emotions, frayed after almost
a week of desperation, darkness
and cold, approached a breaking
point on Friday as the collective
spirit that buoyed New York in
the first few days after Hurricane
Sandy gave way to angry com-
plaints of neglect and unequal
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg,
facing criticism that he was fa-
voring marathon runners arriv-
ing from around the world over
people in devastated neighbor-
hoods, reversed himself and can-
celed the New York City Mara-
The move was historic — the
marathon has taken place every
year since 1970, including the
race in 2001 held two months af-
ter the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks,
and was projected to bring in
$340 million. For days, the mayor, who is
often reluctant to abandon a posi-
tion of his, insisted on going
ahead with the race, saying it
would signal that the city was
back to normal.
He changed his mind as oppo-
sition became nearly unanimous.
Critics said that it would be in
poor taste to hold a foot race
through the five boroughs while
so many people in the area were
still dealing with damage from
the hurricane, and that city serv-
ices should focus on storm relief,
not the marathon. A petition from
some marathoners called on oth-
er runners to skip the race and do
volunteer work in hard-hit areas.
But the mayor liked the paral-
lel to Sept. 11 and saw the mara-
thon as a symbol of the city’s
comeback. He talked to former
Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani on
Friday morning; Mr. Giuliani
said to stick with his original
plan. Within the mayor’s inner cir-
cle, though, there were concerns.
Some advisers worried that the
criticism could steal the focus
from Mr. Bloomberg’s well-re-
ceived performance during and
after the storm, and could dam-
age his legacy in the way that the
city’s botched response to a bliz-
zard had done in 2010.
Behind the scenes, there were
also concerns about what the
world would see: images of run-
ners so close to neighborhoods
that had been battered by the
storm, at a time when gasoline
remained in short supply and
mass transit was still not fully
functioning. Police Commissioner Raymond
W. Kelly and Deputy Mayors
Howard Wolfson and Patricia E.
Harris all argued for calling off
the event.
The mayor, virtually alone in
saying the race should go on, fi-
nally relented and canceled it af-
ter a conversation with Mary
Wittenberg, the marathon direc-
Bloomberg Backs Down, Canceling
Marathon Amid Criticism MIKE SEGAR/REUTERS
Emilio Langilotti of Staten Island, who broke his wrist during Hurricane Sandy, received food Friday at a disaster relief station.
Continued on Page A20
The military has
orders to deliver 24 million gallons
of fuel to the area. PAGE B1
Jersey Shore
residents assessed the damage
and planned to rebuild. PAGE A17 By CARA BUCKLEY and MICHAEL WILSON
It would be dark soon at the
Coney Island Houses, the fourth
night without power, elevators
and water. Another night of trips
up and down pitch-black stair-
cases, lighted by shaky flash-
lights and candles. Another night
of retreating from the dark. On the second floor of Building
4, an administrative assistant
named Santiago, 43, who was
sharing her apartment with five
relatives, ran through a mental
checklist. Turn the oven on for
heat. Finish errands, like fetching
water for the toilet, before the
light fades. “We don’t dare throw out gar-
bage at night,” she said. “We
make sure everything’s done.” Elsewhere in the building,San-
dra Leon, 35, a mother of two,
kept an eye on her door fearing
another attempted break-in. Vic-
tor Alvarez, 60, waited for any
word of his wife, Lucet, who suf-
fers from schizophrenia and had
disappeared into the wreckage-
strewed neighborhood. And
Marilyn Smalls, 48, sipped a
room-temperature Corona that
she had liberated from a gas-
station trash bin the day before,
along with sodas and bags of beef
jerky — which drew neighbors
knocking, as word of the haul got
Perhaps more so than in any
other place in the city, the loss of
power for people living in public
housing projects forced a return
to a primal existence. Opened fire
hydrants became community
wells. Sleep-and-wake cycles
were timed to sunsets and sun-
rises. People huddled for warmth
around lighted gas stoves as if
they were roaring fires. Dark-
ness became menacing, a thing to
be feared. A lack of friends or family in
areas with power, or cars or cab
fare to get to them,meant there
were few ways to escape. Dwin-
dling dollars heightened the pain
of throwing out food rotting in-
side powerless refrigerators, and
sharpened the question of where
the next meal would come from.
Some had not left their apart-
ments since the storm swept in.
“Where am I going to go?” said
Miguelina Newsam, 71, who sub-
In City’s Public Housing Projects, Fear Creeps In With the Dark
Continued on Page A18
If you just squinted your
eyes a little, and looked at only
the first row of supporters at
an Obama campaign rally, it
might not seem all that differ-
ent from four years ago. That
raw electricity still radiates
around him. Supporters still
sink their fingers into his back,
middle-aged men still, on occa-
sion, tear up in his presence,
and crowds still stand out in
the rain to hear him speak.
But in general, the events
are smaller and the crowds
less diverse. And if you look be-
yond the front row,more faces
look not frozen in ecstasy but
suspended in a quiet, some-
times penetrating scrutiny. The 2008 campaign offered
voters a once-in-a-lifetime
chance to make history, to be
part of the nation’s grand col-
lective memory. This year that
offer is not on the table. In this campaign, President
Obama wears the dual uni-
forms of candidate and incum-
bent, and with them, the
weight of the institution and
four difficult years of service.
He is no longer the abstract
embodiment of intertwined no-
tions of Hope and Change. He
is the president, with a record
to defend. He can no longer ask
for a leap of faith, only for four
more years. He can only push,
as his campaign posters simply
state, forward. Unlike the soaring language
of the last campaign, utilitarian
calls to “just vote,” squabbles
over saving Big Bird and cures
for “Romnesia” are more likely
to be heard. It is a more down-
to-earth affair. Only four years A Face More Careworn,a Crowd Less Joyful
Top, President Obama be-
fore an event last month.
Above, four years ago.
Continued on Page A11
months as C.I.A. director, David
H. Petraeus has shunned the
spotlight he once courted as
America’s most famous general.
His low-profile style has won the
loyalty of the White House, eas-
ing old tensions with President
Obama, and he has overcome
some of the skepticism he faced
from the agency’s work force,
which is always wary of the mil-
itary brass. But since an attack killed four
Americans seven weeks ago in
Benghazi, Libya, his deliberately
low profile, and the C.I.A.’s pen-
chant for se-
crecy, have left
a void that has
been filled by a
news media
and Congres-
sional furor
over whether it
could have
been prevent-
ed. Rather
than acknowl-
edge the
C.I.A.’s presence in Benghazi, Mr.
Petraeus and other agency offi-
cials fought a losing battle to
keep it secret, even as the events
there became a point of conten-
tion in the presidential campaign.
Finally, on Thursday, with Mr.
Petraeus away on a visit to the
Middle East, pressure from crit-
ics prompted intelligence officials
to give their own account of the
chaotic night when two security
officers died along with the
American ambassador, J.Chris-
topher Stevens, and another dip-
lomat. The officials acknowl-
edged for the first time that the
security officers, both former
members of the Navy SEALs,
worked on contract for the C.I.A.,
which occupied one of the build-
ings that were attacked. The Benghazi crisis is the big-
gest challenge so far in the first
civilian job held by Mr. Petraeus,
who retired from the Army and
dropped the “General” when he
went to the C.I.A. He gets mostly
high marks from government col-
leagues and outside experts for
his overall performance. But the
transition has meant learning a
markedly different culture, at an
agency famously resistant to out-
“I think he’s a brilliant man,
but he’s also a four-star general,”
said Senator Dianne Feinstein,
the chairwoman of the Senate In-
telligence Committee. “Four-
stars are saluted, not questioned.
He’s now running an agency
where everything is questioned,
whether you’re a four-star or a
senator. It’s a culture change.”
Mr. Petraeus, who turns 60
next week, has had to learn that
C.I.A. officers will not automat-
ically defer to his judgments, as
military subordinates often did.
“The attitude at the agency is,
‘You may be the director, but I’m
the Thailand analyst,’” said one
C.I.A. veteran.
Long a media star as the most
prominent military leader of his
generation, Mr. Petraeus abrupt-
ly abandoned that style at the
C.I.A. Operating amid wide-
spread complaints about leaks of
classified information, he has Petraeus’s Lower C.I.A. Profile Leaves Void in Benghazi Furor
Continued on Page A3
David H. Petraeus
The aftermath of
Hurricane Sandy is threatening to
create Election Day chaos in parts
of New York, New Jersey and
Connecticut — and some effects
may also be felt in other states, in-
cluding Pennsylvania, where
some polling sites still lacked
power on Friday morning. Dis-
rupted postal delivery will proba-
bly slow the return of absentee
ballots. And with some polling
sites likely to be moved, election
officials were bracing for a big in-
flux of provisional paper ballots,
which could delay the vote count
in places.
The future of the
Senate is being decided largely
beyond the focus of the more nar-
row presidential contest, in states
like Arizona, Indiana, Montana
and North Dakota, where Presi-
dent Obama and Mitt Romney
have not campaigned. Neither of
the two candidates is providing
coattails to ensure that his agenda
would have strong support in the
Employers added 171,000 jobs in Octo-
ber, the Labor Department said in its
last report before the election. PAGE B1
Job Growth Tops Estimates
A ban on financial transactions with
Iran is so effective that even medicines,
which are exempted from sanctions, are
no longer sent there. PAGE A4
Unintended Effect of Sanctions
Pradaxa, a new blood-thinning drug,
has been linked to deaths from bleeding
that could not be stopped. PAGE B1
Drug Linked to Deaths
A video from Syria appears to showthe
summary execution of captive soldiers
by antigovernment fighters. PAGE A4
Video Said to ShowKillings
People recovering from meningitis in a
national outbreak caused by a contami-
nated steroid drug have been struck by
a second illness, an abscess. PAGE A14 NATIONAL A14-15 Skin Malady After Meningitis
An art district’s galleries have been hit
hard by the storm, but there are already
signs of renewal. PAGE C1
Chelsea’s Trying Time
Gail Collins
The latest word in online learning:
MOOC. Brain training as the new col-
lege prep. Asian-conscious admissions.
THIS WEEKEND College for the Masses
A Reminder
Daylight saving time ends at 2 a.m. on Sunday. Clocks are set back one hour.
VOL.CLXII....No. 55,944
©2012 The New York Times
Late Edition
Today,some sunshine, windy,
chilly, high 50. Tonight,patchy
clouds, cold, low 38. Tomorrow,
times of clouds and sunshine, brisk,
high 49. Weather map, Page C8.
Carmelo Anthony scored a game-high
30 points to lead the Knicks over the de-
fending champion Miami Heat, 104-84,
at Madison Square Garden. PAGE D1
Knicks Win Season Opener
Inside The Times
Turkish Leader Announces
Plan to Visit Gaza Soon
If Prime Minister Recep Tayyip
Erdogan of Turkey follows through,
the visit would significantly enhance
the legitimacy of the Hamas-con-
trolled government in the Gaza Strip
and antagonize its rival, the Pales-
tinian Authority. PAGE A4 Japan Embraces Scholar
This year, when Donald Keene, 90, a
New York native and retired profes-
sor, became a citizen of Japan, he
gained what eludes many Western-
ers who live there: acceptance. Sat-
urday Profile.
PAGE A5 China’s Island Patrol
Chinese patrol ships entered waters
around a disputed island group in
the East China Sea for a 14th
straight day in what analysts called
a sign that China had embarked on a
new strategy to challenge Japan’s
control of the islands. PAGE A8
Campaigns Have Strategy
For Couples Who Disagree
In a skintight presidential race, the
influence that spouses can have on
each other’s voting decisions could
make a difference to each party’s
bid to close its gender gap in battle-
ground states.
PAGE A9 Cartel Horses Auctioned
Hundreds of horses said to be used
by a Mexican drug cartel to launder
money were auctioned off by the
federal government.
Senate Candidate Spends
$100 Million of Own Money
Linda E. McMahon has dished out
close to $100 million for two Senate
races over the past three years, far
more than anyone has ever spent of
their own money to win any federal
seat. She has long since blown past
the $72 million Ross Perot spent of
his own money on presidential bids
in 1992 and 1996. PAGE A16 Homicide Before the Storm
Ricardo Tochimani, 31, was killed in
Brooklyn as Hurricane Sandy ap-
proached. A group of men were be-
lieved to have beaten Mr. Tochimani
before fleeing in a silver minivan.
The police said the fight had been
preceded by a dispute in a nearby
bar. Crime Scene.
Military to Transport Fuel
To Region Hit by Storm
As long lines persisted at gas sta-
tions in the New York metropolitan
area, federal authorities turned to
the Defense Department to deliver
24 million gallons of extra fuel to the
region and lifted restrictions on de-
liveries by foreign-flagged ships.
PAGE B1 Hourly Workers Suffer
Low-wage workers have been tak-
ing extreme measures to get to work
after Hurricane Sandy. Many of the
poorest New Yorkers faced the pros-
pect of losing days, even a crucial
week, of pay on top of the economic
ground they have lost since the re-
Disappointment and Relief
As Marathon Is Canceled
Tens of thousands of runners trav-
eled to New York for the marathon,
many of them spending thousands
of dollars, only to learn that they
would not be running. Their re-
sponses ranged from anger to un-
derstanding to disbelief.
Winter Classic Canceled
The N.H.L.’s signature event, this
year a game between Detroit and
Toronto, was to be held at Michigan
Stadium in Ann Arbor on Jan. 1.
Stars of Jookin Take Wing
In Sneakers and Jeans
In recent decades, Memphis has de-
veloped a new kind of virtuoso danc-
ing: jookin. It’s a relative of hip-hop
and its footwork is nothing less than
phenomenal. Critic’s Notebook,
Alastair Macaulay.
PAGE C1 Pat Brown’s Legacy
Sascha Rice, who directed the docu-
mentary “California State of Mind:
The Legacy of Pat Brown” and is
also the subject’s granddaughter, fo-
cuses on her grandfather’s years as
a governor during a vibrant era of
California history.
PAGE C1 Keeping a Fest Green
Marc Bamuthi Joseph’s dance-thea-
ter piece about socially conscious
green activism plays a new space at
the Brooklyn Academy of Music. Re-
view by Jason Zinoman. PAGE C1 OBITUARIES
Lebbeus Woods, 72
In an era when many architecture
stars earned healthy commissions
designing high-rises or corporate
headquarters, he conceived of a rad-
ically different environment, one in-
tended for a world in conflict. PAGE A24 INTERNATIONAL
The Kabul Journal article on
Thursday, about a professional
championship boxing match in
Kabul, Afghanistan, misspelled
the surname of the contender
from Tanzania. He is Said Mbel-
wa, not Mbwela. NATIONAL
A picture caption on Friday
with an article about the Senate
campaign in Maine described in-
correctly the current and past po-
litical affiliation of Angus King,
who is seeking the seat. Running
as an independent in this race is
not a “new affiliation” for Mr.
King. And he is not “a former Re-
publican governor turned inde-
pendent.” When he was elected
governor, in 1994, he was an inde-
pendent; he did not run as a Re-
publican in that race either.
A picture caption on Friday
with an article about the friction
between wolf hunters and those
who want to protect the animals
misidentified the city in Wiscon-
sin where the Timber Wolf Pres-
ervation Society is located. As the
article correctly noted, it is in
Greendale, not in Glendale.
An article on Friday about in-
creased estimates of economic
losses from Hurricane Sandy
omitted a credit. Patrick McGee-
han contributed reporting.
An article on Oct. 24 about San
Francisco Giants outfielder Hunt-
er Pence’s contributions to the
team’s run to the World Series
described incorrectly Bobby
Richardson’s catch of a Willie
McCovey line drive that ended
Game 7 of the 1962 World Series
between the Yankees and the Gi-
ants. Richardson was standing
when he made the catch; he was
not diving.
An article on Page 14 this
weekend about the highlights of
the fall auction season in New
York includes outdated informa-
tion about the opening of the sea-
son. After the section had gone to
press, the opening was delayed to
Wednesday, from Monday, be-
cause of Hurricane Sandy. An article on Page 2 of the spe-
cial Holiday Movies section this
weekend about the actor Daniel
Day-Lewis, who plays Abraham
Lincoln in the new Steven Spiel-
berg movie, “Lincoln,” misstates
the given name of the president’s
secretary of war. He was Edwin
Stanton, not Edward.
An obituary on Sept. 14 about
Howard Moody, the longtime
minister of the Judson Memorial
Church in Manhattan, referred
incorrectly to the national net-
work of clergy members that he
helped set up. It was formed in
1967 to assist women seeking
abortions — not after New York
State legalized abortion in 1970,
which is when Mr. Moody helped
establish a clinic in New York to
provide abortions to women from
around the country. (A reader
pointed out the error in an e-mail
on Oct. 14.)
An obituary on Wednesday
about the singer and songwriter
Terry Callier misstated part of
the name of the organization
where he worked as a computer
programmer after quitting music.
At the time, it was the National
Opinion Research Center, not the
National Opinion Resource Cen-
ter. (It is now known as NORC.)
The error also appeared in an ar-
ticle about Mr. Callier on Dec. 2,
There’s a sense of
community. Neighbors I
usually don’t talk to, I talk
to now.
24, who lives at the Jacob Riis
Houses in the East Village,
where power has been out for
days. [A18]
Gail Collins PAGE A23
Charles M. Blow PAGE A23
C2 Crossword
C2 Obituaries
A24 TV Listings
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stopped giving interviews,
speaks to Congress in closed ses-
sions and travels the globe to
consult with foreign spy services
with little news media notice. “He thinks he has to be very
discreet and let others in the gov-
ernment do the talking,” said Mi-
chael E. O’Hanlon, a Brookings
Institution scholar who is a friend
of Mr. Petraeus’s and a member
of the C.I.A.’s advisory board.
Mr. Petraeus’s no-news, no-
nonsense style stands out espe-
cially starkly against that of his
effusive predecessor, Leon E. Pa-
netta, who is now the defense
Mr. Panetta, a gregarious poli-
tician by profession, was unusu-
ally open with Congress and
sometimes with the public — to a
fault, some might say, when he
spoke candidly after leaving the
C.I.A. about a Pakistani doctor’s
role in helping hunt for Osama
bin Laden, or about the agency’s
drone operations. Mr. Petraeus’s discretion and
relentless work ethic have had a
positive side for him: old tensions
with Mr. Obama, which grew out
of differing views on the wars in
Iraq and Afghanistan, appear to
be gone. Mr. Petraeus is at the
White House several times a
week, attending National Securi-
ty Council sessions and meeting
weekly with James R. Clapper Jr.,
the director of national intelli-
gence, and Thomas E. Donilon,
Mr. Obama’s national security
adviser. Mr. Donilon said recent-
ly that the C.I.A. director “has
done an exceptional job,” bring-
ing “deep experience, intellectual
rigor and enthusiasm” to his
“When Obama came into of-
fice, they were very suspicious of
one another,” said Bruce Riedel, a
former C.I.A. officer and presi-
dential adviser. “Clearly, over the
course of the last four years, Oba-
ma has come to trust Petraeus.”
Mr. Petraeus has managed the
delicate task of supporting rebels
in Syria’s civil war while trying to
prevent the arming of anti-Amer-
ican extremists. But when his
C-17 Globemaster touched down
in Turkey in September for con-
sultations on Syria, the trip went
all but unnoticed by the news me-
dia. He worked for months to ad-
dress the complaints of Pakistani
officials about drone strikes
against militants, while keeping
State Department officials
abreast of likely future strikes, a
policy called “pre-concurrence”
that has prevented interagency
squabbles. In his travels to the tu-
multuous post-Arab Spring Mid-
dle East this week, only a brief
mention of his arrival in Cairo
surfaced in local news reports. Inside the agency, some subor-
dinates say, he has largely de-
fused the skepticism that initially
greeted a celebrity general
whose stated views of progress in
the war in Afghanistan, among
other things, were far rosier than
those of C.I.A. analysts. But by
comparison with Mr. Panetta,
who wooed the work force and
often did not question operational
details, Mr. Petraeus is a de-
manding boss who does not hes-
itate to order substandard work
redone or details of plans ad-
“I’ve never seen anyone with
his drive — ever,” said Michael J.
Morell, the agency’s deputy di-
rector. “He remembers what he
asks for. Three weeks later he’ll
say at a morning meeting:
‘Whatever happened to that? Is
that done yet?’”
But the Benghazi crisis has
posed an extraordinary test for
Mr. Petraeus. After the killings,
intelligence officials concerned
about exposing the extent and
methods of the large C.I.A. pres-
ence in the city would say little to
reporters for publication. Con-
servative critics of Mr. Obama
seized on a series of reports by
Fox News and other outlets to
make the incendiary charge
shortly before the election that
four Americans had died because
of the administration’s negli-
Mr. Petraeus said nothing pub-
licly, but that did not keep him
out of the story. Some news re-
ports faulted his secret testimony
to Congress days after the attack
for supposedly supporting the
view that it was not a planned
strike but a spontaneous re-
sponse to an offensive anti-Mus-
lim video. Then, last week, Fox
News reported that agency offi-
cials had refused desperate re-
quests for help from operatives
under fire in Libya, and the agen-
cy issued a flat denial. “No one at
any level in the C.I.A. told any-
body not to help those in need,”
its statement said.
Far from ending the specula-
tion, the statement added to it.
William Kristol, the editor of The
Weekly Standard, concluded that
the agency was pointing its fin-
ger at the White House, which he
suggested must have refused the
requested intervention. “Pe-
traeus Throws Obama Under the
Bus” was the headline on the
Weekly Standard’s blog. Perhaps worse for a former
military commander like Mr. Pe-
traeus, the father of Tyrone S.
Woods, one of the security offi-
cers killed, accused the Obama
administration in interviews of
essentially abandoning his son
and others to their fate and not
caring about their deaths. The
Wall Street Journal reported Fri-
day that some agency employees
resented the fact that Mr. Pe-
traeus did not attend the funerals
of the two security contractors.
Officials said he was concerned
that his presence would confirm
their agency connection, still offi-
cially secret at the time. On Thursday, hoping to subdue
the gathering public relations
storm, intelligence officials invit-
ed reporters to a background
briefing to, in their view, set the
record straight. They offered a
timeline of C.I.A. actions on the
night of the attack, countering
the idea that the besieged Ameri-
cans were left alone under fire,
and explaining why some would-
be rescue efforts discussed in
news reports were never feasi-
Notably, they also sought to re-
habilitate Mr. Petraeus from
some of the negative speculation
that has surrounded him. The
C.I.A. director, said one intelli-
gence official, “has been fully en-
gaged from the start of the agen-
cy’s response, particularly in the
rescue mission that was swift and
“This idea that he is somehow
not engaged is baseless,” the offi-
cial said, speaking on the condi-
tion of anonymity.
For Mr. Petraeus — once pillo-
ried in full-page newspaper ads
as “General Betray Us” in the de-
bate over the Iraq war — it is
nothing new to be at the center of
a political firestorm. “This is
Washington, so naturally all con-
troversies get caught up in the
political jet stream,” an intelli-
gence officer close to Mr. Pe-
traeus said.
Whatever the challenges of his
first year, said Mr. O’Hanlon, his
friend, “I’m confident in saying
that he loves this job.”
“He may miss the military at
an emotional level,” he added,
“but he loves this work.”
Mr. Petraeus’s future has inev-
itably been the subject of ru-
mors: that he would be Mitt
Romney’s running mate, or, more
plausibly, that he was interested
in the presidency of Princeton. In
a statement in late September, he
did not rule that out for the fu-
ture, but said that for the time be-
ing he was “living the dream here
at C.I.A.” That was before the re-
criminations this week over Ben-
David H. Petraeus, the C.I.A. director, right, in January with Robert S. Mueller III, the F.B.I. director, left, and James R. Clapper Jr. Petraeus’s Lower C.I.A. Profile Leaves a Benghazi Void
From Page A1
Getting mostly high
marks despite a
culture change in a
new civilian role.
Mr. Petraeus was the nation’s most famous general when Presi-
dent Obama nominated him as C.I.A. director in April 2011.
With discretion and a
relentless work ethic,
easing tensions with
the president.
JERUSALEM — Prime Minister
Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey said
Friday that he planned to visit the Gaza
Strip soon, a move that would signif-
icantly enhance the legitimacy of the
Hamas-controlled Gaza government
and antagonize the Palestinian Author-
ity, Israel and the West.
Mr. Erdogan, who twice last year
scheduled and then canceled visits to
Gaza, did not offer specifics about the
timing or agenda for such a visit, which
he mentioned to reporters traveling
with him to Ankara from Berlin, ac-
cording to the Turkish newspaper To-
day’s Zaman. A Foreign Ministry offi-
cial later said that the prime minister
was simply expressing an “intention,”
and that he wanted to visit “someday.”
Mr. Erdogan’s comments came more
than a week after the emir of Qatar be-
came the first head of state to set foot in
Gaza since Hamas took full control in
2007. The emir pledged $400 million for
development projects, including hous-
ing complexes, road renovation and a
prosthetics hospital. The crown prince
of Bahrain was scheduled to visit Gaza
on Thursday but canceled to avoid polit-
ical repercussions, according to reports
in the Arab news media.
A visit by the leader of Turkey, a huge
power that is a member of NATO and a
critical bridge between the West and
the Islamic world, would make a much
bigger diplomatic splash, paving the
way for Egypt and other countries to
expand direct, independent relation-
ships with Hamas and further dividing
the Palestinian leadership. Officials in
the Palestine Liberation Organization
and the Palestinian Authority, the Ha-
mas rival that governs in the West
Bank, had warned that the Qatari mis-
sion would set a dangerous precedent. “We are against all these visits,”
President Mahmoud Abbas of the Pales-
tinian Authority said in an interview
that was recorded before Mr. Erdogan’s
comments and was broadcast on Friday
night by Channel 2 News in Israel. “If
they want to help Gaza, they should
come through the authorities.”
Both Turkey and Qatar have tried to
help repair the rift between Hamas and
Fatah, the dominant party in the West
Bank, and some analysts suggested
that Mr. Erdogan might make such rec-
onciliation a focus if he visited. On the
plane, according to Today’s Zaman, Mr.
Erdogan said that he had once invited
Mr. Abbas to accompany him to Gaza,
and that “he was warm to the sugges-
tion.” But Yasir Abed Rabbo, Mr. Ab-
bas’s spokesman, balked at that notion
in an interview on Friday night, saying:
“Nobody can invite us to go to our own
country. This is unacceptable.”
Turkey has been a strong ally and a
significant donor to the Palestinian Au-
thority, but also an important friend of
Gaza. A Turkish-led flotilla’s attempt in
2010 to break Israel’s naval blockade on
Gaza ended in an Israeli raid that killed
nine people aboard the Mavi Marmara.
That episode, in turn, led to the down-
grading of diplomatic relations between
Israel and Turkey, which in May in-
dicted four high-ranking Israeli officials
over their roles in the raid.
The renewed attention on Gaza
comes at a critical time for the Palestin-
ian Authority. Allies of Mr. Abbas’s are
feverishly trying to garner international
support for a bid to gain “nonmember
state” status in the United Nations Gen-
eral Assembly. The Palestinian Author-
ity is struggling with a financial crisis,
and municipal elections last month re-
vealed growing rivalries within Fatah. “It’s a slap in the face,” Ehud Yaari, a
Middle East analyst for Channel 2
News, said of Mr. Erdogan’s plan. “The
P.A. has been steadily losing support in
the Arab world. It is losing its cohesion.
They are losing ground.”
Causing a Stir,
Turkish Leader Says He Plans
A Trip to Gaza
Would Bolster Hamas
While Angering Others
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdo-
gan of Turkey on Wednesday.
Tim Arango contributed reporting from
GENEVA — The United Nations said
on Friday that a new video from Syria
circulating on the Internet that appears
to show antigovernment fighters kick-
ing and summarily executing a group of
frightened captive soldiers or militia-
men could, if verified, represent evi-
dence of a war crime to prosecute the
The video, which first appeared on
Thursday, generated widespread atten-
tion internationally and provoked de-
bate among insurgents and their sym-
pathizers inside Syria. The video also il-
lustrated what rights activists called a
distressing trend of atrocities commit-
ted by both sides in the 20-month-old
conflict. “It looks very likely that this is a war
crime, another one,” Rupert Colville, a
spokesman for Navi Pillay, the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, told journalists in Geneva, the
commission’s headquarters. United Nations investigators had al-
ready collected evidence of war crimes
and crimes against humanity by gov-
ernment and rebel forces in Syria that
could support prosecutions of those re-
sponsible by national or international
tribunals, Mr. Colville said. The new
video, assuming its authenticity were
proved, could be part of that evidence,
he said. “There should be no illusion
that accountability will follow,” Mr. Col-
ville said.
Thousands of videos depicting vio-
lence and combat in Syria have been
posted on the Internet since the conflict
began, mostly by antigovernment activ-
ists aiming to vilify the behavior of the
Syrian military and pro-government mi-
litia known as the shabiha. Many videos
cannot be independently corroborated,
and experts are cautious about drawing
conclusions from footage that could
have been digitally fabricated or al-
tered. But the videos are often one of the
few ways to obtain information and as-
sess the course of the conflict in a coun-
try where outside media coverage is se-
verely restricted and dangerous. You-
Tube footage of weapons in the conflict,
for example, has revealed the use of
widely outlawed cluster bomb muni-
tions dropped by the Syrian Air Force
as well as the emergence of smuggled
shoulder-fired, heat-seeking missiles in
the insurgent arsenals. The video purporting to show the ex-
trajudicial killings of loyalist soldiers
appeared to have been made at the
Hamcho military checkpoint in Sara-
qeb, a town in Idlib Province in north-
ern Syria that has been the scene of par-
ticularly brutal fighting. In the video, captors force 10 prison-
ers, some pleading for their lives, to lie
next to or atop one another. The anti-
government fighters, whose precise
identities or affiliations were not clear,
yell “Allah Akhbar!” or “God is great!”
A few even parade before the camera as
others kick and herd the prisoners into
a pile before shooting them from mul-
tiple directions.
Ann Harrison, deputy director of Am-
nesty International’s Middle East and
North Africa program, said the video
demonstrated an “utter disregard for
international humanitarian law by the
armed group in question.”
The killers apparently did not know,
or did not care, about an important legal
change in the definition of the Syrian
conflict decreed in July by the Interna-
tional Committee of the Red Cross. It
said Syria was engrossed in a civil war,
subject to the Geneva convention on the
treatment of victims of war. Under that
change, the execution of a soldier not in
combat and with no means of protection
is considered a war crime.
The video from Saraqib provoked a
certain amount of protest within Syria
itself, with some activists saying the
killings did not represent the values
that inspired their revolution against
four decades of repression by the family
of President Bashar al-Assad.
“We don’t want those who are liberat-
ing us from killers to resemble them
and take on their values,” Iyas Kadouni,
an activist in Saraqib, wrote on his
Facebook page. Despite the death and pain caused by
pro-Assad soldiers, he wrote: “We are
asking for a change for the better and to
liberate the country from murderers.
I’m not being insensitive about what
we’ve all been feeling because of the in-
nocent blood that has been spilled, but
this not how we obtain our rights.”
Mr. Kadouni said he had received
e-mailed death threats in response to
his Facebook comment, warning him he
was “playing with fire.”
Some rebel military commanders
said such encounters were inevitable
given the tensions of warfare. “I cannot stop these angry fighters,”
said one commander in Saraqib reached
by Skype. “How can I control a fighter
who lost a brother or father in front of
his own eyes?”
He also said the executions might
have reflected what he described as a
logistics issue — the fighters have
enough trouble housing and feeding
themselves without trying to provide
for prisoners. Several weeks ago, they
simply released 60 prisoners for this
reason, he said, but they inevitably find
themselves fighting the same men
again. Commanders not directly involved in
the fighting said the world had to take
into consideration that Syria had not
been respecting global standards on is-
sues like prisoners since the Assad fam-
ily’s ascent to power, if not since their
independence after World War II. “We are a people who have been op-
pressed for 60 years,” said Abu Thabet,
the nickname for a Free Syrian Army
fighter in Aleppo. ”There is a lot of re-
pressed tension inside people,” he said.
“Is it possible for a population that has
been living in complete ignorance and
corruption for 60 years to reach the
highest level of awareness within two
U.N. Says Execution Video From Syria Shows Apparent War Crime
A video taken on Thursday showed captured soldiers on the ground in Sara-
qeb, in northern Syria, and later showed them being shot to death.
Nick Cumming-Bruce reported from Ge-
neva, and Rick Gladstone from New
York. Reporting was contributed by Neil
MacFarquhar, Hwaida Saad and Hania
Mourtada from Beirut, Lebanon. Images of antigovernment
fighters appearing to
execute captive soldiers.
TEHRAN — Sitting on one of the
many crowded benches in the waiting
room of the International Red Cres-
cent’s pharmacy in central Tehran, Ali,
26, was working his phone. After nearly
six weeks of chasing down batches of
Herceptin, an American-made cancer
medicine, Ali, an engineer, was wearing
out his welcome with friends and rela-
tives in other Iranian cities, who had
done all they could to rustle up the in-
creasingly elusive drug.
At home his mother waited, bald and
frail after chemotherapy for her breast
cancer, but Herceptin had disappeared
from pharmacies and hospitals in the
“So you are telling me that a pharma-
cy in Qazvin has 20 batches left?” Ali
asked, talking about a city two hours’
drive east of Tehran. “Please buy what-
ever you can get your hands on.”
But five minutes later bad news
came: “Gone? O.K., thank you for your
troubles. If you do find some please call
me by the soonest.” Herceptin, like many other Western-
made medicines, has become increas-
ingly hard to obtain in Iran as a result of
the American-led sanctions meant to
force Iran to stop enriching uranium, a
critical element in what the United
States says is a nuclear weapons pro-
Iranian doctors, patients and officials
say that, in particular, a ban on financial
transactions is so effective that even
medicines and other critical supplies
that are exempted from the sanctions
for humanitarian reasons are no longer
exported to the Islamic Republic. The trade measures have led to wide-
spread shortfalls of imported goods and
a plunge in the value of the national cur-
rency, the rial. On Friday, when Irani-
ans celebrated the annual “Day of
Fighting the Global Arrogance,” a k a
the United States, student demonstra-
tors in Tehran carrying an effigy of
President Obama handed out fliers de-
nouncing the sanctions. Officials here estimate that potential-
ly about six million patients, many of
them with cancer, are affected by the
shortages. For Iran’s sick, it amounts to life on
what feels like the front lines of a battle
between governments. Every day patients and their relatives
line up at special pharmacies in Tehran,
where those suffering from cancer, he-
mophilia, thalassemia, kidney problems
and other diseases are increasingly told
the foreign-made medicines they need
are no longer available. For Ali and his family, the nightmare
started eight months ago, when his
mother, a 56-year-old homemaker, felt a
small, painful lump in her right breast.
After a series of examinations, her doc-
tor told her that she had an aggressive
form of breast cancer.
As the members of the family became
familiar with long waits in hospital hall-
ways and difficult conversations with
soft-spoken physicians, they swore to
one another that they would beat the
disease. But they never expected to
have to go out hunting for medicine.
Ali, who does not want his family
name mentioned because he said he had
been punished for political activities in
college, said that trying to deal with his
mother’s cancer had been hard. She
needed 14 more batches of Herceptin,
he said. Instead of hoping her treatment
would cure her breast cancer, he said,
he was devoured by worries about ob-
taining the medicine she needed.
“My mom, us, other patients, we are
all caught in the middle of this political
battle,” he said. “We don’t have any in-
fluence on nuclear policies. We are vic-
tims.” In Iran’s health care system, the gov-
ernment and private employers insure
most of the population, paying up to 90
percent for drugs and medical treat-
ments. Medical standards are higher
compared with most neighboring coun-
Iranians on Friday gathered in front of the former United States Embassy in Tehran to commemorate the 1979 takeover of the mission by students.
Iran Sanctions Take Unexpected Toll on Medical Imports
Critical supplies
exempted from sanctions
are still not exported.
Continued on Page A6
ITH his small frame hunched by 90
years of life, and a self-deprecat-
ing manner that can make him
seem emotionally sensitive to the point of
fragility, Donald Keene would have ap-
peared an unlikely figure to become a
source of inspiration for a wounded nation.
Yet that is exactly how the New York na-
tive and retired professor of literature from
Columbia University is now seen here in his
adopted homeland of Japan. Last year, as
many foreign residents and even Japanese
left the country for fear of radiation from the
Fukushima nuclear accident that followed a
deadly earthquake and tsunami, Dr. Keene
purposefully went the opposite direction. He
announced that he would apply for Japanese
citizenship to show his support.
The gesture won Dr. Keene, already a
prominent figure in Japanese literary and
intellectual circles, a status approaching
that of folk hero, making him the subject of
endless celebratory newspaper articles,
television documentaries and even displays
in museums. It has been a surprising culmination of an
already notable career that saw this quiet
man with a bashful smile rise from a junior
naval officer who interrogated Japanese
prisoners during World War II to a founder
of Japanese studies in the United States.
That career has made him a rare foreigner,
awarded by the emperor one of Japan’s
highest honors for his contributions to Japa-
nese literature and befriended by Japan’s
most celebrated novelists. Dr. Keene has spent a lifetime shuttling
between Japan and the United States. Tak-
ing Japanese citizenship seems a gesture
that has finally bestowed upon him the one
thing that eludes many Westerners who
make their home and even lifelong friend-
ships here: acceptance.
“When I first did it, I thought I’d get a
flood of angry letters that ‘you are not of the
Yamato race!’ but instead, they welcomed
me,” said Dr. Keene, using an old name for
Japan. “I think the Japanese can detect,
without too much trouble, my love of Japan.”
That affection seemed especially welcome
to a nation that even before last year’s triple
disaster had seemed to lose confidence as it
fell into a long social and economic malaise. During an interview at a hotel coffee shop,
Japanese passers-by did double takes of
smiling recognition — testimony to how the
elderly scholar has won far more fame in Ja-
pan than in the United States. A product of
an older world before the Internet or televi-
sion, Dr. Keene is known as a gracious con-
versationalist who charms listeners with
stories from a lifetime devoted to Japan,
which he first visited during the Battle of
Okinawa in 1945.
UT what is perhaps most remarkable
about Dr. Keene is that Japan, a racial-
ly homogeneous nation that can be po-
litely standoffish to non-Japanese, has em-
braced him with such warmth. When he le-
gally became a Japanese citizen this year,
major newspapers ran photographs of him
holding up a handwritten poster of his name,
Kinu Donarudo, in Chinese characters. To
commemorate the event, a candy company
in rural Niigata announced plans to build a
museum that will include an exact replica of
Dr. Keene’s personal library and study from
his home in New York. He says he has been inundated by invita-
tions to give public lectures, which are so
popular that drawings are often held to see
who can attend.
“I have not met a Japanese since then who
has not thanked me. Except the Ministry of
Justice,” he added with his typically under-
stated humor, referring to the government
office in charge of immigration. With the patient air of someone who has
tussled with Japanese bureaucracy before,
he listed what he called the absurd require-
ments imposed upon him to take Japanese
citizenship, including documentation to
prove his completion of elementary school in
New York City. Still, in a nation that wel-
comes few immigrants, Dr. Keene’s applica-
tion was quickly approved. To become Japa-
nese, Dr. Keene, who is unmarried, had to re-
linquish his American citizenship.
His affection for Japan began in 1940 with
a chance encounter at a bookstore near
Times Square, where Dr. Keene, then an 18-
year-old university student at Columbia,
found a translation of the Tale of Genji, a
1,000-year-old novel from Japan. In the
stories of court romances and intrigue, he
found a refuge from the horrors of the world
war then already unfolding in Europe and
Asia. Dr. Keene later described it as his first en-
counter with Japan’s delicate sense of beau-
ty, and its acceptance that life is fleeting and
sad — a sentiment that would captivate him
for the rest of his life.
When the United States entered the war,
he enlisted in the Navy, where he received
Japanese-language training to become an in-
terpreter and intelligence officer. He said he
managed to build a rapport with the Japa-
nese he interrogated, including one he said
wrote him a letter after the war in which he
referred to himself as Dr. Keene’s first P.O.W.
IKE several of his classmates, Dr. Keene
used his language skills after the war
to become a pioneer of academic stud-
ies of Japan in the United States. Among
Americans, he is perhaps best known for
translating and compiling a two-volume an-
thology in the early 1950s that has been used
to introduce generations of university stu-
dents to Japanese literature. When he start-
ed his career, he said Japanese literature was
virtually unknown to Americans.
“I think I brought Japanese literature into
the Western world in a special way, by mak-
ing it part of the literary canon at universi-
ties,” said Dr. Keene, who has written about
25 books on Japanese literature and history.
In Japan, he said his career benefited from
good timing as the nation entered a golden
age of fiction writing after the war. He be-
friended some of Japan’s best known modern
fiction writers, including Yukio Mishima and
Kenzaburo Oe. Even Junichiro Tanizaki, an
elderly novelist known for his cranky dislike
of visitors, was fond of Dr. Keene, inviting
him to his home. Dr. Keene says that was be-
cause he took Japanese culture seriously.
“I was a freak who spoke Japanese and
could talk about literature,” he joked.
Japanese writers say that Dr. Keene’s ap-
peal was more than that. They said he ap-
peared at a time when Japan was starting to
rediscover the value of its traditions after
devastating defeat. Dr. Keene taught them
that Japanese literature had a universal ap-
peal, they said.
“He gave us Japanese confidence in the
significance of our literature,” said Takashi
Tsujii, a novelist.
Mr. Tsujii said that Dr. Keene was accept-
ed by Japanese scholars because he has
what Mr. Tsujii described as a warm, intu-
itive style of thinking that differs from what
he called the coldly analytical approach of
many Western academics. He said that this
has made Dr. Keene seem even more Japa-
nese than some of the Japanese novelists
whom he has studied, like Mr. Mishima, an
ultranationalist influenced by European in-
tellectual fads. “Keene-san is already a Japanese in his
feelings,” Mr. Tsujii said.
Now, at the end of his career, Dr. Keene is
again helping Japanese regain their confi-
dence, this time by becoming one of them.
Dr. Keene, who retired only last year from
Columbia, says he plans to spend his final
years in Japan as a gesture of gratitude to-
ward the nation that finally made him one of
its own.
“You cannot stop being an American after
89 years,” Dr. Keene said, referring to the age
at which he got Japanese citizenship. “But I
have become a Japanese in many ways. Not
pretentiously, but naturally.”
“I think the Japanese can detect, without too much trouble, my love of Japan.”
Lifelong Scholar of the Japanese Becomes One of Them
Russia: Band in Trademark Dispute
A member of the band Pussy Riot said Friday
that the band’s name should not be used for
commercial gain after it was revealed that the
wife of the band’s lawyer had applied for a
patent to register the name as a trademark.
“This simply shocks me;I am completely sur-
prised,” the band member, Yekaterina Samut-
sevich, who was released from prison last
month on bail, told the radio station Kom-
mersant FM. She said she and her two band
mates,who remain in prison,had agreed that
they should protect their intellectual property
rights, but opposed commercial use of their
name. The lawyer, Mark Feygin, denied that
he or his wife, who owns a film production
company, were trying to profit from the band,
and he said they filed the application in April
at the request of the three band members “to
prevent someone from producing condoms
and pornography films” featuring the band’s
name. But Russia’s patent office rejected the
trademark application. Also on Friday, Prime
Minister Dmitri A. Medvedev said again that
he thought the jailed band members should be
released, The Associated Press reported. ANNA KORDUNSKY
Northern Ireland: Police Arrest 3 Suspected in Prison Guard’s Killing
The police on Friday arrested three men in
connection with the killing of an off-duty pris-
on officer. The three men, who are suspected
of being Irish Republican Army militants,
were arrested at their homes in Lurgan, a
power base for I.R.A. dissidents opposed to
Northern Ireland’s peacemaking efforts. The
police said one of the suspects was Colin Duf-
fy, the most prominent Irish republican in
Lurgan, who has successfully defended him-
self against a series of murder charges dating
to 1993. On Thursday, a gunman in a passing
car shot the prison guard, David Black, as he
drove to work at Maghaberry Prison. Over
the past year, more than 40 jailed members of
various I.R.A. factions have waged a bitter
protest inside the prison. The prisoners seek
an end to the guards’ policy of strip-searching
them for weapons parts, drugs and cell-
phones. (AP)
China: Artist Repaying His Loans
Ai Weiwei, the artist and critic of the Commu-
nist Party, said Friday that he had repaid
loans totaling $1,400 that he had received
online to help him pay back taxes and penal-
ties that Chinese officials had levied against
him. Mr. Ai said he began repaying the small
loans, each less than $2, on Oct. 29. Several
months ago, he began repaying larger loans,
and as of Oct. 29 he had repaid more than
$400,000, he said. Last year, after security offi-
cials detained Mr. Ai for 81 days, the tax au-
thorities said he owed $2.4 million in back tax-
es and penalties. He raised $1.4 million in the
fall of 2011 to pay a bond to the government
that would allow him to contest the tax
charge. A Beijing court rejected his lawsuit
against the tax authorities this year, and in
July another court rejected an appeal. Mr. Ai
said that he expected the government to keep
the bond money, but that he would repay the
donors. He said Friday that he still needed to
repay more than $1 million. Security officials
have kept Mr. Ai’s passport, barring him from
leaving the country. EDWARDWONG
Afghanistan: 4 Policemen Killed
Four Afghan police officers were shot and
killed Friday in Helmand Province in an insid-
er attack by their colleagues, officials said.
The police chief of the Grish district, Moham-
mad Toryali, said the shooting occurred at a
police outpost during a shift change. The offi-
cers on duty were killed by four of their col-
leagues who had arrived to replace them, Mr.
Toryali said. The killers fled. On Thursday, an
American service member was killed in an in-
surgent attack in southern Afghanistan, a mil-
itary statement said. (AP)
Pakistan: 18 Die in Attack on Bus
Gunmen riding on two motorcycles opened
fire on a bus at a small fuel station in south-
western Pakistan on Friday, setting off a large
blaze and leaving 18 dead, a Pakistani official
said. All 16 people on the bus, including eight
women and three children, were killed, said
the official, Abdul Mansoor Kakar. The vehi-
cle had been parked next to fuel drums that
ignited during the attack, starting a fire that
engulfed the bus and killed two in a nearby
car. The attack took place in the town of Khuz-
dar in Baluchistan Province. No one immedi-
ately claimed responsibility for the attack, Mr.
Kakar said. (AP)
World Briefing A6
tries, and many of those with spe-
cial diseases receive treatment.
In the 13 Aban pharmacy,
Kokan Tashakori, 72, said she left
her house at 6:30 a.m. to be first
in line for Paclitaxel to treat her
bladder cancer. Mrs. Tashakori, a
former nurse, had come to the
same pharmacy for three days
straight, but each time the phar-
macists had told her nothing had
arrived. While waiting, she chatted with
Soroud Qazi, 53, from the western
Iranian city of Arak, who had a
relative undergoing chemothera-
py in the capital. “Don’t lose your
spirit, my sister,” Mrs. Tashakori
told Mrs. Qazi, who was sitting
next to her. “But I am losing all
hope,” Mrs. Qazi replied, saying
her sick family member became
depressed when she heard the
medicines were not available.
“God will save us,” Mrs. Tashako-
ri concluded.
Their faith in a higher power
came as they blamed both their
own leaders and the United
States for the situation they were
in. “This is so wrong,” Mrs. Tash-
akori said of the sanctions. “This
is the fault of both governments;
they should solve their prob-
lems.” Instead, Mr. Obama has said
the Iranian people should blame
their own leaders, while Iran’s
supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali
Khamenei, has repeatedly called
upon his nation to be steadfast
and said that only resistance to
the West would lead to victory. Though the unilateral sanc-
tions put in place by the United
States and the European Union
have exemptions for medicines
and medical equipment, as well
as foodstuffs, companies interest-
ed in selling such merchandise to
Iran require a special license
from the Treasury Department’s
Office of Foreign Asset Control.
Last month, the office eased
the bureaucracy that American
medical and food exporters faced
in obtaining these exemptions, by
granting them what it called a
“standing authorization,” which
means the exemptions no longer
have to be obtained on a case-by-
case basis. But the effects of such a move
are unclear, since the exporters
still face troubles getting paid.
Virtually no American or Euro-
pean bank wants to be involved
in financial transactions with
Iran, no matter what products
are involved. The Treasury Department has
been handing down steep fines to
Western banks for doing busi-
ness with Iran. In September, the British bank-
ing giants HSBC and Standard
Chartered said they were in set-
tlement talks with the American
authorities after having been ac-
cused, among other things, of
dealing with Iran. HSBC has told
its shareholders it made a $700
million provision to cover a pos-
sible fine. “Banks are either afraid, or
can’t be bothered to try and do
business with Iran,” one Western
diplomat in Tehran said, request-
ing to remain anonymous be-
cause of the sensitivity of the
subject. At the Charity Foundation for
Special Diseases in north Tehran,
Fatima Hashemi, the founda-
tion’s chairwoman and daughter
of the former president, Ali Ak-
bar Hashemi Rafsanjani, said her
organization had spent most of
last year stocking up on dialysis
machines and special cancer
“I wish the government had
done the same,” she said.
In addition to shortages of
medicines, she said, hospital ma-
chines were breaking down from
a lack of spare parts,and domes-
tic pharmaceutical companies
were running out of imported
raw materials.
Industry insiders point to a
more insidious problem: corrup-
tion. Seven years of mass imports
have not only made Iran depend-
ent on foreign suppliers, but have
also bred a class of predatory of-
ficials who get kickbacks from
import deals.
One Iranian producer of a vital
cancer treatment product, who
asked to remain anonymous be-
cause he feared losing his license,
said he was ready to start pro-
duction, after three years of in-
vestments and quality checks. “But it turns out the cousin of
the health official in charge of
signing off on our product had
been importing the product in
bulk from Europe before the
sanctions,” the producer said. “It’s just bewildering how self-
ish some of these people are,” he
said. Even with stock drying up,
“They still will not give us our li-
cense to produce inside Iran.” NEWSHA TAVAKOLIAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Protesters outside the former United States Embassy in Tehran on Friday criticized President Obama and handed out fliers denouncing sanctions against Iran. Sanctions
On Iran
Stall Import
Of Medicine Iran’s sick caught in
a battle between
From Page A4
DAKAR, Senegal — The spiral
of violence in northern Nigeria
took another deadly turn this
week as security forces in the city
of Maiduguri shot dead dozens of
young men whom they accused
of belonging to the radical Is-
lamic sect Boko Haram, accord-
ing to hospital staff members, lo-
cal journalists and a human
rights activist there. Nigeria has waged a grinding,
low-intensity war with the sect
since 2009, with nearly 3,000 peo-
ple killed by Boko Haram or sol-
diers and the police, rights
groups say. This week’s violence in the
war’s center, Maiduguri, where
Boko Haram was created, added
to that toll. At least 39 people, and
possibly as many as 70, were
killed in raids by the Nigerian
Army and the police late Wednes-
day and early Thursday, the sec-
ond such deadly assault by secu-
rity forces in less than a month. As in previous raids, security
forces descended on the city’s
poorer neighborhoods under cov-
er of darkness, entering houses
and grabbing young men — indis-
criminately, critics contend —
and then shooting them. “They accused the young per-
sons of being Boko Haram mem-
bers, with no evidence,” said
Maikaramba Sadiq, an activist
with Nigeria’s Civil Liberties Or-
ganization. “In the presence of parents,
they killed the children,” he said.
“They told the parents to turn
back and look in a different di-
rection, then they killed the chil-
dren. “This is military criminality,”
Mr. Sadiq argued. “They killed
people without any evidence of
offense.” Mr. Sadiq said at least 70 peo-
ple were killed, ranging in age
from 18 to 25. Hospital workers in
Maiduguri said about 39 bodies
had been deposited at their hos-
pital. There was no immediate com-
ment from the Nigerian military
on Friday. Maiduguri, a city of more than
a million people in Nigeria’s re-
mote northeastern corner, near
the border with Chad, has seen a
perpetual cycle of attack and ret-
ribution by Boko Haram and se-
curity forces since the authorities
carried out a bloody assault on
the sect’s headquarters in the
summer of 2009, killing hundreds,
including the group’s leader. The violence is most acute in
Maiduguri, but nearly every city
in the populous north has been
affected. On Sunday, a suicide
bomber attacked a church in
Kaduna, just north of the capital,
Abuja. Seven were killed, hun-
dreds were wounded and reprisal
killings of Muslims followed. Just over three weeks ago, a
Boko Haram bomb attack that
killed a soldier set off deadly re-
taliation from enraged security
forces. They shot dead more than
30 civilians and burned more
than 50 homes and businesses in
a central neighborhood in re-
sponse, residents and local jour-
nalists said.
Then, as in the past, the Nigeri-
an military denied targeting inno-
cent civilians, saying those killed
were members of Boko Haram.
But grieving residents invariably
tell a different story. Both Human Rights Watch and
Amnesty International have re-
leased reports recently saying
that the country’s security serv-
ices do precisely that: randomly
kill civilians with no apparent
connection to Boko Haram. The
reports have either been ignored
or angrily denied by officials. Security forces “have killed
hundreds of Boko Haram sus-
pects and random members of
communities,” even gunning
down men on crutches, Human
Rights Watch said in its recent
report. Amnesty International
detailed one episode in which se-
curity forces opened fire on cus-
tomers and workers at a filling
station in Kano, killing a number
of them. The station happened to
be near a police station that had
been attacked. These acts are carried out with
near total impunity. Nigeria’s po-
litical elite, far from condemning
them, invariably defend the secu-
rity forces’ conduct. In an interview with the BBC
this week, following the Amnesty
International report’s release,
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Nigeria’s
highly respected finance minis-
ter,who was recently a leading
candidate for World Bank presi-
dent, said, “Every day our securi-
ty forces are putting their lives on
the line to fight this issue,” re-
jecting the idea that the security
forces were “heavy handed.” In this week’s episode in Mai-
duguri, a truck driver in the
Gamboru neighborhood, who
asked not to be named for fear of
retribution, said he witnessed
soldiers scaling fences of resi-
dences late at night and picking
out victims at random — any
youth who happened to be
awake. A guard at the city’s morgue,
who also spoke on the condition
of anonymity, said bodies were
taken there early Thursday “in
military pickup vans,” adding,
“The refrigerators in the mortu-
ary are filled with dead bodies.” In an apparent Boko Haram re-
sponse to the killings, a retired
general was gunned down at his
residence in Maiduguri on Friday
afternoon while he was sitting
with some guests, the military
said in a statement. “The skewed logic of killing in
the name of security adds lethal
fire to Nigeria’s cycle of violence
and fuels the violent militancy of
Boko Haram,” Corinne Dufka, a
senior researcher for Human
Rights Watch, said in a statement
on Friday. “Nigeria’s internation-
al partners simply must make
their voices heard on the side of
victims, not only of Boko Haram,
but also the security forces.”
Nigerian Forces Kill Dozens in Night Assault, Fueling Long Battle With Sect
A grinding cycle of
attack and retaliation
by Boko Haram and
security forces. Hamza Idris contributed from
Maiduguri, Nigeria.
GENEVA — The top human
rights official of the United Na-
tions took China to task on Friday
over the suppression of Tibetans’
rights that she said had driven
them to “desperate forms of pro-
test,” referring to about 60 self-
immolations by Tibetans protest-
ing Chinese rule that have been
reported since March 2011, in-
cluding seven since mid-October. The official, Navi Pillay, the
high commissioner for human
rights, said in a statement that
she was disturbed by reports of
detentions, disappearances and
the excessive use of force against
peaceful demonstrators, as well
as curbs on Tibetans’ cultural
rights. Ms. Pillay said “serious
concerns” had been raised over
the claims of torture and ill-treat-
ment of detainees and about the
standards of their trials. Ms. Pillay said she had had
“several exchanges” with the
Chinese government on the is-
sue, and her rare public criticism
of China’s conduct on human
rights appeared to reflect a meas-
ure of frustration. “We felt the time had come to
talk publicly about that,” a
spokesman for Ms. Pillay, Rupert
Colville, said Friday in Geneva.
Self-immolations are evidence of
how serious the situation in Tibet
has become, Mr. Colville said,
and “we don’t see any visible
signs of progress.” In the statement, Ms. Pillay
said, “More needs to be done to
protect human rights and pre-
vent violations,” urging China to
release Tibetans who had been
detained merely for exercising
fundamental rights like freedom
of expression, association and re-
ligion. “Social stability in Tibet
will never be achieved through
heavy security measures and
suppression of human rights,”
she said.
As examples of that suppres-
sion, Ms. Pillay cited the case of a
17-year-old girl who was reported
to have been severely beaten and
sentenced to three years in pris-
on for distributing fliers that
called for freedom for Tibet and
the return of the Dalai Lama. She
said others had been sentenced
to jail terms of four to seven
years for writing essays, making
films or circulating outside China
photographs of events in Tibet.
Ms. Pillay said she recognized
the “intense sense of frustration
and despair” that had driven Ti-
betans to such extreme actions,
but she appealed to them to seek
other ways of expressing their
feelings and urged China to allow
them to express their feelings
“without fear of retribution.”
She said that China had
pledged to step up cooperation
with the United Nations on hu-
man rights, but she said there
were 12 outstanding requests to
visit China by United Nations
special investigators on various
human rights-related issues and
called on China to facilitate ac-
Self-Immolations in Tibet
Teens or 20s
30 and older
Since March 2011, 61 people set themselves on fire in Tibet, most of them young Buddhist monks and former monks.
Source: International Campaign for Tibet
U.N. Rights Official Criticizes
China’s Limits on Tibetans
A claim that some are
driven to ‘desperate
forms of protest.’
BERLIN — Chancellor Angela
Merkel held talks on developing a
nationwide strategy on renew-
able energy with the governors of
Germany’s 16 states on Friday, at
a time when energy prices are
rising and the opposition is crit-
ical of her government’s efforts. Until now, each state has
drawn up and worked from its
own plan for the expansion of re-
newable resources in its territo-
ry, often in conflict with one an-
other. On the federal side, there is
no single leader for the project to
increase reliance on renewable
energy to at least 35 percent by
2020. Instead, responsibilities are
divided between the ministries of
the environment and the econ-
omy, with the education minister
responsible for financing re-
search on renewable energy and
storage technology. The opposition Social Demo-
cratic Party has pounced on the
weakness in the Merkel govern-
ment’s signature project ahead of
national elections next year,
while widespread public support
for the plan faces strains from a
nearly 50 percent jump in a con-
sumer tax for the transformation
next year. “Germany’s energy transfor-
mation is threatened with col-
lapse due to the inability of the
government” to draw up a mas-
ter plan, Hubertus Heil, a leading
Social Democrat, said before Fri-
day’s meeting. Germans’ relationship to nu-
clear energy is deeply emotional,
rooted in the antinuclear protest
culture of the 1970s and memo-
ries of radioactive mushrooms
and wild game in Bavarian for-
ests that resulted from the 1986
meltdown in Chernobyl. It would be a severe blow to
Ms. Merkel and her Christian
Democrats if the project, passed
last year by her center-right gov-
ernment in the wake of the
Fukushima nuclear disaster in
Japan, were to fail. On Friday, she
pledged to work with the states
through a national dialogue on
how best to move forward.
“Germans can be assured that
we feel committed to the goal of
energy transformation,” Ms.
Merkel said after the meeting. “I
felt a spirit that we all want, and
perhaps can, achieve this.” Torsten Albig, a Social Demo-
crat who is governor of Schles-
wig-Holstein, also praised the
discussions as “a considerable
step forward” toward reaching a
master plan by March.
His northern coastal state,
along with Lower Saxony, has
been criticized for expanding off-
shore wind energy at such a rap-
id pace that turbines have had to
be switched off on exceptionally
windy days, because they
produce more energy than the
grid can handle. Ultimately, Ms. Merkel would
like to see the energy generated
by wind farms in the north trans-
mitted to the power-hungry in-
dustrial south. A plan to expand
Germany’s grid with that aim,
which would require about 500
miles of new power lines and oth-
er major upgrades, is to go before
Parliament next month. Germany Discusses National Energy Plan
Chancellor Angela Merkel is trying to coordinate a unified
strategy for increasing reliance on renewable resources.
MINSK, Belarus — At the end
of the cold war, the leadership of
the K.G.B., demoralized and
seeking favor with the pro-West-
ern reformers then coming to
power in post-Soviet states, brief-
ly opened its files on the accused
assassin of John F. Kennedy, Lee
Harvey Oswald.
The material was so intimate
as to be painful to read, showing
unequivocally that the K.G.B. had
Oswald under intense surveil-
lance, even at night, for the two
and a half years he lived in the
Soviet Union as a defector.
“They go to bed,” a transcript
states at one point, according to
the only Western researcher to
read it, Norman Mailer.
The agency had a peephole
into Oswald’s bedroom here, tak-
ing advantage of a thin wall be-
tween it and a neighboring apart-
ment, where a watcher sat.
“Don’t touch me, damn you,”
Oswald says after climbing into
bed, in the transcript dated July
29, 1961.
“No, damn you,” says Oswald’s
wife, née Marina Prusakova, now
Marina Oswald Porter and a resi-
dent of Dallas.
“In a minute I’m going to cut
off a particular place. Oy mama.” “They laugh,” the watcher
The tiny peephole and magni-
fying lens that made such obser-
vation possible are long gone.
This summer, the wall that re-
mained as a reminder, of sorts, of
Oswald’s presence in Minsk was
also lost; a neighbor rebuilt it to
add sound insulation.
Minsk, a leafy and pleasant for-
mer Soviet backwater, is a city
where tiny traces of Oswald lin-
ger to this day as perhaps no-
where else but in Dealey Plaza, in
Dallas. They will not last forever.
Taking advantage of what
clues — and in two cases memo-
ries — remain, four new books
touching on Oswald’s Soviet peri-
od went to press over the past
two years or are awaiting publi-
These books comb through a
surprising wealth of detail about
a central mystery of the accused
assassin’s life. A Southerner from
a broken home, he lived behind
the Iron Curtain after defecting
at the age of 19, in 1959. Oswald
returned to the United States
with Marina and their first
daughter, June, in 1962.
An acquaintance of Oswald’s
from this time, Dr. Ernst Titovets,
published a memoir in 2010 de-
scribing the long-ago friendship.
He still lives in Minsk, where he
is a researcher specializing in the
chemistry of the brain.
The book makes clear that, in
Minsk at least, Oswald was hard-
ly a lone gunman: the two went
on numerous double dates before
Marina came along. It rattles
through a list of girlfriends and
flings that kept Oswald, a young
former Marine, busy while his
do-nothing job at a radio factory
did not.
A foreign-language university,
still operating on a side street off
Victory Square, about a five-
minute walk from his apartment,
was a wellspring of young Eng-
lish-speaking women, and a fa-
vorite hangout.
“Our tastes in girls differed
markedly,” Dr. Titovets writes in
the memoir, “Oswald: Russian
Episode,” published in English in
Belarus. “Lee fancies a species of
flashy, uninhibited and seductive
female, full-breasted and lean,
but never an athletic type.”
In fact, Dr. Titovets suggests,
the K.G.B. with its long experi-
ence using sex for intelligence-
gathering purposes intentionally
placed Oswald near this bounty
of English-speaking college wom-
en, hoping pillow talk might re-
veal his real purpose in the Soviet
If these clues the city offers up,
such as they are, have meaning,
it has been to reinforce a conclu-
sion reached by most serious re-
searchers, including Mr. Mailer,
who first gained access to Minsk
soon after the Soviet collapse:
the K.G.B. had no role in the as-
sassination. The agency was as
perplexed as anybody by Mr. Os-
“The K.G.B. understood better
than Oswald what Oswald want-
ed,” said Peter Savodnik, whose
book, “The Interloper,” is sched-
uled for publication by Basic
Books, timed to the 50th anniver-
sary of the assassination on Nov.
22 next year. “They knew very
well he had never had anything
akin to a real family, a mother
and a father who loved him. In a
way, they provided him with a
world.” Compared with the scorched
earth the Kennedy assassination
presents to researchers in the
United States, Oswald’s time in
Minsk remains a fertile topic,for
now, Mr. Savodnik said.
Mr. Mailer handled it in his
1995 book “Oswald’s Tale,” based
on the exclusive access granted
by the first post-Soviet president
of Belarus, Stanislav S. Shush-
kevich, who ordered the K.G.B. to
open the file.
Mr. Mailer’s book incorporated
techniques of fiction like imag-
ined dialogue, muddying the his-
torical picture and in some views
squandering what turned out to
be a one-time opportunity to view
the file.
Mr. Shushkevich’s forthcoming
memoirs, discussed with a re-
porter in a hotel lobby where
plainclothes police officers sat at
an adjoining table, include a
chapter on Oswald, whom he
taught Russian at the radio fac-
tory. He wrote that the two were
never allowed to meet alone, re-
inforcing the narrative that Os-
wald could hardly have been a
Soviet agent if the K.G.B. was
taking such pains to watch him.
But the author of one of the
new books is now suggesting that
author of another — Dr. Titovets
— is a K.G.B. agent, once part of
the team watching Oswald. In an
interview, Dr. Titovets denied
Alexander Lukashuk, a report-
er with the American-financed
Radio Liberty and author of
“Trace of the Butterfly,” pub-
lished in 2011, cites Dr. Titovets’s
role in creating audio recordings
of Oswald’s voice, perhaps used
by the K.G.B. to authenticate Os-
wald’s Southern accent. Dr. Tito-
vets is now using these record-
ings to promote his book.
The peephole into the bedroom
was only part of the K.G.B.’s sur-
veillance effort. A listening de-
vice was installed in Oswald’s
ceiling, researchers have deter-
mined; the family living upstairs
later emigrated to Israel, where
members recalled being asked to
leave for a few days while this
work was done.
The K.G.B tape recorder
caught Oswald’s marital spats
with Marina, among other things,
according to the agency files
shown to Mr. Mailer:
“You idiot!” the transcript
records Marina saying on May 19,
“Shut up,” Oswald says. “Take
the baby.” Even today, the apartment has
poor sound insulation. “When-
ever I watch television, my
neighbor hears everything,” said
Eduard K. Sagyndykov, a retiree
who settled into the one-bedroom
home a decade ago without
knowing who had lived there be-
fore. “He yells at me through the
wall. ‘Turn it down!’” Not all those listening in on Os-
wald were members of the K.G.B.
Irina Ganeles, a retired journal-
ist, 65, lived downstairs, and as a
14-year-old girl once overheard
Oswald singing in the shower.
She and her giggling schoolgirl
friends wrote him a note, practic-
ing their English and praising his
singing, she said in an interview.
The response, now a treasured
family heirloom, came in the
looping longhand of Oswald, who
went by Alex while in Minsk. It
reads: “Dear Girls, I was very
glad to receive your note and I
want very much to meet you.
Please feel free to come and see
me. In your next letter, please
say when it shall be convenient
for you. Sincerely, Alex Oswald.”
Peeking Through Years,
And the Wall, at Oswald
Eduard Sagyndykov owns the Minsk apartment where Lee
Harvey Oswald, in a photograph at left with his wife, once lived.
TOKYO — Japanese leaders
reacted angrily on Friday after
the police on Okinawa said an
American Air Force serviceman
was suspected of breaking into
an apartment while drunk and
punching a 13-year-old boy, just
weeks after two American sailors
were accused of raping a woman
on the island.
Japan’s foreign minister, Koi-
chiro Gemba, called the suspect-
ed attack “outrageous,” and he
said hitting a boy was “complete-
ly unforgivable.”
The assault took place early
Friday morning, the police said.
The airman was apparently in vi-
olation of a curfew imposed just
last month by the American mil-
itary on all of its roughly 50,000
military personnel in Japan fol-
lowing the rape accusation. The
police did not release the name of
the 24-year-old airman, who was
in the hospital after apparently
falling from a third-story window.
The back-to-back episodes
have stirred outrage on Okinawa,
the southern island that hosts
three-quarters of the American
bases in Japan. The episodes also
threaten to complicate ties be-
tween the United States and its
closest Asian ally at a time when
both nations are trying to work
together to face an increasingly
assertive China.
The episodes have added to the
increasingly vocal opposition on
Okinawa to carrying what many
residents see as a disproportion-
ate burden in hosting so many of
the American troops in Japan.
Japanese officials fear Okinawan
anger could grow strong enough
to disrupt their nation’s overall
security alliance with the United
States, on which Japan has relied
for its defense since the end of
World War II. Okinawan opposition has al-
ready blocked a 16-year-old deal
to relocate a United States Ma-
rine Corps airfield to the island
and forced the Marines to place
restrictions on flights by a new
aircraft, the tilt-rotor Osprey.
Japanese leaders have been try-
ing to convince Okinawans that
they are working to lighten the is-
land’s base burden, while also re-
assuring the Americans that they
remain committed alliance part-
ners. The governor of Okinawa,
Hirokazu Nakaima, warned that
the suspected actions by Ameri-
can servicemen threatened the
entire United States-Japan alli-
“You can only conclude that
they are fracturing the alliance,”
Mr. Nakaima was quoted as say-
ing by the daily newspaper Asahi
American officials said they
would cooperate with the investi-
gation. “We are very upset, and we
pledge complete cooperation
with the government of Japan in
getting to the bottom of this, and
preventing future occurrences,”
the American ambassador to Ja-
pan, John V. Roos, said in a state-
Crimes by American military
personnel are an emotional issue
on Okinawa, especially since the
rape of a girl by three servicemen
in 1995. They top a list of Okina-
wan complaints about the bases
that also includes noise and pol-
The police said the American
airman was suspected of enter-
ing the apartment around 1 a.m.
Friday as two boys inside were
sleeping. The American woke
them up and punched one of
them in the face, the police said,
before kicking in a television set
and then trying to flee through
the third-story window. They said the American had
apparently been drinking at a bar
on the ground floor of the same
building, where he began shout-
ing and acting violently before
going upstairs to the apartment.
The police said the door of the
apartment, which was rented by
a 41-year-old woman, was un-
locked, as is still common in parts
of low-crime Japan.
It was not immediately clear
why the American airman would
have gone to the apartment. KYODO NEWS, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
The building on Okinawa where the police said an American
airman got drunk and went to an apartment and attacked a boy. U.S. Airman on Okinawa Punched Boy, Japanese Say
A spate of episodes
may fuel growing
Japanese anger about
American bases.
TOKYO — Chinese patrol ships
entered waters around a disput-
ed island group in the East China
Sea for a 14th straight day on Fri-
day, in what analysts here called
a sign that China had embarked
on what appeared to be a new,
long-term strategy for challeng-
ing Japan’s control of the islands.
While Chinese ships have
sailed near the islands before,
this is the first time since a recent
flare-up began that they have
plied the waters so consistently.
Analysts say that suggests China
is trying to wear down Japan’s
resolve in the dispute, and pos-
sibly even trying to chip away at
Japan’s claim of having effective
control over the uninhabited is-
lands established in part by its
own maritime patrols. “This is the beginning of a war
of patience, a war of attrition,”
said Kunihiko Miyake, research
director at the Canon Institute for
Global Studies in Tokyo. “This
promises to be a long, long show-
down in which China tries not to
provoke Japan, but instead to dis-
courage Japan from continuing to
try to control those islands.”
The Japanese Coast Guard
said that on Friday six Chinese
ships — four belonging to a mar-
itime surveillance agency and
two fisheries patrol ships — had
entered waters claimed by Japan
near the islands, known as the
Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in
Chinese. The coast guard said
Japanese cutters intercepted the
vessels, warning them by radio to
leave. The Chinese ships responded
via radio that they were “carry-
ing out valid operations in Chi-
nese waters,” according to the
coast guard. It said the Chinese
ships stayed for about two hours,
coming as close as 14 miles to the
largest island, Uotsuri, just out-
side the 12-mile territorial limit
but well within the broader zone
of economic control claimed by
Tensions over the islands in-
tensified in recent months as the
Japanese government an-
nounced it planned to buy three
of the islands still owned by a
Japanese citizen. While Prime
Minister Yoshihiko Noda of Ja-
pan said he had made the pur-
chase to prevent the islands from
falling into the hands of Tokyo’s
nationalist governor, China re-
acted with anger at the move,
which it viewed as upsetting an
uneasy status quo in which each
side had avoided provoking the
other. The Japanese government’s
decision touched off angry street
demonstrations in China in which
Japanese businesses were ran-
sacked and burned, and a con-
tinuing informal boycott of Japa-
nese goods has helped depress
Japan’s overall trade perform-
ance and its gross domestic prod-
uct numbers. While the Chinese
government eventually clamped
down on the protests, it has kept
up the ship visits. Japan has re-
sponded by dispatching dozens of
coast guard vessels to waters
near the islands, where they are
on the lookout for paramilitary
ships and fishing boats from Chi-
na as well as from Taiwan, which
also claims the islands. An economic stimulus package
approved by Parliament last
week will strengthen the coast
guard by speeding up procure-
ment of helicopters and seven
more patrol ships.
Such a show of resolve has
been uncharacteristic for con-
frontation-averse Japan, and tak-
en in combination with the latest
dispatch of Chinese ships has led
some analysts and former diplo-
mats to warn that the current
standoff could drag on for some
time. A Chinese Foreign Ministry
spokesman, Hong Lei, refused to
say how long China would send
its ships into waters around the
islands. However, he said the Chi-
nese surveillance ships were
“completely justified,” describing
their maneuvers as “a normal
part of their duty” in overseeing
China’s sovereign interests.
China also appears to be ratch-
eting up pressure by broadening
its effort to use current and for-
mer senior officials to make Chi-
na’s case to the world. In a
speech in Hong Kong this week,
Chen Jian, China’s former am-
bassador to Japan, took aim at
the United States, saying its sup-
port of its ally Japan was encour-
aging what he called a return of
Japanese militarism.
Other Chinese officials and
news media have taken a similar
view, blaming a swing in Japan to
the nationalist right for the ten-
sions. However, analysts in To-
kyo, and some in the United
States, say China has seized upon
Japan’s purchase of the islands
as a pretext for pressing its long-
standing claims. They said that the continuing
Chinese pressure has seemed to
confirm a growing sense of Japa-
nese insecurity over China’s ris-
ing economic and military pres-
ence in the region, as well as the
relative decline of both itself and
its longtime protector, the United
States. That nervousness has
made Japan more willing to push
back. “It is disingenuous to claim
the Japanese caused this prob-
lem,” said Kevin Maher, a former
United States diplomat in Japan
who is now a senior adviser at
NMV Consulting, based in New
York. “But this has been an eye-
opening experience for people in
Japan to see that the security en-
vironment in East Asia can be a
dangerous place.” Japan’s anxieties have also
provided at least some opportuni-
ty for a small but vocal group of
nationalists like Tokyo’s gover-
nor, Shintaro Ishihara, whom
many in Japan blame for starting
the current flare-up with China
by proclaiming in the spring that
he would buy the islands. Analysts said it was unlikely
that China would go as far as at-
tempting a forceful takeover of
the islands. Rather, said Mr.
Maher, the goal may be to try to
undermine Japan’s claims under
international law that it wields ef-
fective control over them, while
building a legal basis for making
similar claims of its own.
China’s motives appear to be
partly economic: the Chinese
economy’s hunger for the petro-
leum and natural gas that scien-
tists believe lie under the ocean
floor surrounding the islands. An-
alysts also cited a Chinese desire
for payback for Japan’s brutal
World War II-era invasion of Chi-
na. China says Japan seized the
islands from China in 1895 as a
first step toward Japan’s empire-
building in Asia. Japan says it an-
nexed islands that were not
claimed by any nation. The analysts said China may
also have a military motive in
claiming the islands, which sit in
waters between China and Okina-
wa that the Chinese military
would seek to control in the event
of any conflict.
By deploying paramilitary
ships, analysts said, both nations
were being careful not to call in
their navies, in order to avoid a
dangerous escalation. Still, Japa-
nese Coast Guard ships and
many of China’s surveillance
ships are armed, leading to con-
cerns that a miscalculation or hu-
man error by a single sailor could
touch off a violent confrontation. The United States has so far
taken a neutral position on sover-
eignty over the islands, though it
has said any Chinese attack on
the islands would fall under the
treaty under which it is bound to
defend Japan. Mr. Maher said the
United States should take a more
active role by telling China to
stop the pressure tactics.
“The Chinese are using intimi-
dation and threat of force against
our closest ally in the region,” Mr.
Maher said, “and this is not
something that the U.S. should be
neutral about.”
Chinese Patrol Ships Pressuring Japan Over Islands
A Chinese marine surveillance ship cruising next to a Japan
Coast Guard patrol ship in the East China Sea in September.
‘This is the beginning
of a war of patience, a
war of attrition,’ one
analyst says. Jane Perlez contributed reporting
from Hong Kong. Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
A volunteer handed out flags before President Obama spoke at the Franklin County Fairgrounds in Hilliard, Ohio, on Friday. A crowd of 2,800 showed
up to see Mr. Obama, who crisscrossed the key state as the campaign hit the homestretch before Tuesday’s election. DAMON WINTER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Some New Jersey voters may find
their hurricane-damaged polling
sites replaced by military trucks,
with — in the words of the state’s
lieutenant governor, Kim Guadagno
— “a well-situated national guards-
man and a big sign saying, ‘Vote
Here.’” Half of the polling sites in
Nassau County on Long Island still
lacked power on Friday. And New
York City was planning to build tem-
porary polling sites in tents in some
of its worst-hit neighborhoods.
The aftermath of Hurricane
Sandy is threatening to create Elec-
tion Day chaos in some storm-
racked sections of New York, New
Jersey and Connecticut — and some
effects may also be felt in other
states, including Pennsylvania,
where some polling sites still lacked
power on Friday morning. Disrupted postal delivery will
probably slow the return of absen-
tee ballots. And with some polling
sites likely to be moved, elections of-
ficials were bracing for a big influx
of provisional paper ballots — which
could delay the vote count in places.
Weary local elections officials
vowed that the vote would go on.
“Come hell or high water — we had
both — we’re voting on Tuesday,’’
William T. Biamonte, the Democrat-
ic commissioner at the Nassau
County Board of Elections, said in
an interview.
Storm-related voting disruptions
seem unlikely to change the out-
come of the presidential election,
since the biggest problem areas are
in New York, New Jersey and Con-
necticut, which are all expected to
go for President Obama. But even
when elections officials get the poll-
ing sites up and running, many vot-
ers may stay away as they grapple
with lingering damage to their
homes, power failures and gas
shortages. With turnout projected to
be down in all these states, Mr. Oba-
ma could see his share of the na-
tional popular vote reduced.
The storm may have already af-
fected the early vote, which could be
important, given that analysts esti-
mate that more than a third of the
votes this year will be cast before
Election Day. Early voting was tem-
porarily halted in some states. In
Ohio, the crucial Democratic strong-
hold of Cuyahoga County, which in-
cludes Cleveland, had more people
vote early every day this year than Disruption
From Storm May Be Felt
At the Polls
Continued on Page A13
FAIRFAX, Va. — When Pat Rosend
received a “Vote” flier from Democrats,
she stuck it on her refrigerator door.
Her husband, Dave, who has always
voted Republican, drew an “X” over the
Democratic congressman depicted on
the flier with President Obama.
Yet Mr. Rosend says he remains “on
the fence” about whether he will vote
for Mitt Romney — and cancel out his
wife’s strong support for Mr. Obama. The Rosends illustrate a little-scruti-
nized variable of the campaign’s re-
sults: the influence that spouses can
have on each other’s voting decisions.
In a skintight presidential race, pillow
talk and kitchen-table discussions could
make a difference to each party’s bid to
close its gender gap in battlegrounds
like Colorado, Ohio and Virginia. In this
week’s New York Times/CBS News poll
— a dead heat among likely voters with
48 percent for Mr. Obama and 47 per-
cent for Mr. Romney — the Republican
challenger had support from 51 percent
of men but just 44 percent of women,
while the Democratic incumbent held
the backing of 52 percent of women but
just 44 percent of men.
As those still undecided make up
their minds this final weekend, “con-
versations people have with their
spouses will be at least as important as
all the TV ads people are seeing,” said
Geoff Garin, a pollster for Democrats.
Those who have studied political dy-
namics within households say that
roughly three-fourths of married cou-
ples vote the same way. Because people
seek spouses with similar values, they
typically have similar political views to
begin with.But couples who disagree,
said Paul Allen Beck, a political scientist
at Ohio State University, usually make
at least a cursory attempt to resolve
their differences. It is a factor both par-
ties take into account in their data-
driven process of identifying and mobi-
lizing potential supporters.
Obama campaign organizers consid-
er the political orientation of a spouse
among the characteristics most pre-
dictive of where an undecided voter will
end up. Michael Meyers of TargetPoint
Consulting, a firm that helps Mr. Rom-
ney with voter turnout, said the political
views of a Republican’s spouse help de-
termine whether and how a household
gets courted, both for purposes of lock-
ing down its support and for ensuring
that its members actually vote.
The firm’s database might show that
the spouse of a gun-rights supporter
holds a different view on that issue, for
example. If so, Mr. Meyers said, the
household might receive anti-tax rather
than “Second Amendment” literature in
support of the Republican ticket.
At A.F.L.-C.I.O. offices in Washington
this week, organizers of a phone bank
direct callers to discuss the impact of is-
sues on entire families in hopes of lever-
aging the persuasive power of spouses.
Amber Sparks, a volunteer making calls
to back the Democratic ticket, heard
from a steelworker in Virginia that “his
wife was for Obama, but he wasn’t so
sure,” Ms. Sparks recalled. “I said he
should listen to his wife.”
A few chairs away, another caller,
Lisa Aaron, reached a female Obama
backer who noted that her husband
leaned the other way because he op-
posed government-financed contracep-
tive coverage. “I said, ‘You just really
have to work on him,’” Ms. Aaron re-
counted. “She said, ‘I’ll do that, but he’s
a hard nut to crack.’”
Laura Stoker, a professor of political
science at the University of California,
Berkeley, studied the political prefer-
ences of 150 couples over a series of
elections. Her conclusion: “Wives are
more inclined to move toward their hus-
bands than husbands are to move to-
ward their wives.”
That would seem to augur well for
Mr. Romney, given his disproportionate
support among men. But Mr. Meyers of
TargetPoint, echoing Professor Stoker’s
research, noted that the most influential
partner is the one who knows and cares
most about the election.
That could help Mr. Romney in blue-
collar households, where “men do more
of the talking,” Mr. Garin said. But after
months in which Democrats hammered
Mr. Romney on issues like abortion and
contraception, Mr. Garin concluded
from focus groups that Mr. Obama
might benefit from the dynamic within
more affluent suburban households.
In Virginia, this week’s New York
Times/CBS News/Quinnipiac Universi-
ty poll showed, Mr. Obama has driven
up his support among white college-
educated women to 58 percent from 46
percent on Election Day 2008. His sup-
port among white college-educated men
remained fairly steady at 39 percent in
the recent poll, compared with 41 per-
cent in 2008, according to exit polls con-
ducted by Edison/Mitofsky. “The
strength of support for Obama among
college-educated women at the very
least sparks conversation in those
households, and gives college-educated
men another thing to think about,” Mr.
Garin said.
That has already happened inside the
Rosends’ town house in this sprawling
Northern Virginia suburb. Ms. Rosend,
48, a landscape architect, said she feels
“passionately” about the election be-
cause she approves of Mr. Obama’s
health care bill and his efforts to revive
the economy, and because she sees Mr.
Romney as “stuck in a different era” on
issues of special concern to women.
Mr. Rosend, also 48, an information
technology manager, is a National Rifle
Association member. Despite his wife’s
misgivings, he has taught their sons
how to handle firearms. Her Mazda
sports an Obama bumper sticker; his
Mazda does not.
“I’m not a big fan of the president,”
Mr. Rosend said. But even though he
backed Senator John McCain four years
ago, and has never supported a Demo-
crat for the White House, he said he is
considering it this time.
He said he fears that Mr. Obama
would seek “full-bore” tax increases in
a second term, but also that Mr. Rom-
ney might eliminate his mortgage in-
terest deduction as part of an overhaul
of the tax code. Like his wife, Mr.
Rosend said he has concluded that Mr.
Romney is “out of touch” with average
Americans on economic issues.
“I don’t think either of them has great
plans,” he said. “It’s who will do the
least damage.”
Usually, Ms. Rosend said, “We don’t
talk about politics that much because it
can be painful.” But the couple watched
this year’s party conventions and Oba-
ma-Romney debates together. Ms.
Rosend has been trying to persuade her
husband by pointing out parts of the
president’s record he might like, from
provisions in Mr. Obama’s health plan
to his caution about committing troops
to new conflicts in the Middle East.
On Tuesday, she may take their 13-
year-old son, David, to their polling
place at a nearby Catholic church to
give him a taste of the Democratic pro-
cess. (Professor Stoker found that,
whatever the dynamic between
spouses, children are more likely to take
political cues from their mothers.)
Mr. Rosend said he will vote, too —
his first ballot for a Democratic presi-
dential contender, if his wife gets her
way. If he decides otherwise, she said
with a hopeful chuckle, perhaps he will
neglect to get around to it.
Have Strategy
For Couples
Who Disagree
Dave Rosend has always voted Republican, but is unsure about Mitt Romney; Pat Rosend backs President Obama.
For the undecided, pillow
talk is considered at least
as persuasive as TV ads.
LIMA, Ohio — Barnstorming
across Ohio on Friday, President
Obama threw off the appeals to
bipartisan harmony that had suf-
fused his response to the East
Coast storm two days earlier to
mount a fiery attack on Mitt
Romney’s attempt to discredit
his bailout of Detroit.
The comforting commander in
chief replaced by the political
warrior, Mr. Obama hopscotched
across this electoral battle-
ground, accusing Mr. Romney at
every stop of dishonesty for
claiming that the president’s
auto-industry bailout had result-
ed in jobs moving to China.
At issue is a Romney ad airing
in Ohio that asserts that Chrysler,
under new Italian owners, moved
Jeep production to China after
being bailed out by the Obama
administration in 2009. “That’s not true,” Mr. Obama
said to a crowd of 2,800 in a cav-
ernous barn in the town of Hil-
liard, as they chanted “liar” and
“lying” about Mr. Romney. “Ev-
erybody knows it’s not true. The
car companies themselves have
told Governor Romney to knock
it off.” The commercial, Mr. Obama
said, amounted to a cynical ploy
to make up for the fact that Mr.
Romney opposed the bailout and
has struggled ever since with
voters in Ohio, where one of ev-
ery eight jobs is dependent on the
auto industry. “This isn’t a game: these are
people’s jobs, these are people’s
lives,” the president said. Claim-
ing that the ad had unnerved
some employees at the Jeep plant
in Toledo, Ohio, he said, “You
don’t scare hard-working Ameri-
cans just to scare up some votes.”
Mr. Obama’s harsh words, in a
voice that grew raspier as the
day went on, sounded like the
stretch run of a marathon cam-
paign, with the president plead-
ing for every vote in a state
where he is clinging to a narrow
but steady lead in polls against
Mr. Romney.
Mr. Romney is putting up a
fierce challenge, kicking off a ma-
jor rally in Ohio with his running
mate, Representative Paul D.
Ryan, and an array of prominent
Republican officials. The bitter
confrontation between the candi-
dates over the auto bailout illus-
trates the enormous stakes, and
it has dominated headlines here
and in Michigan.
The Romney campaign coun-
tered the president’s criticism by
insisting that the ad was accu-
“The facts are clear: despite
his false and misleading attacks,
President Obama took the auto
companies into bankruptcy,” said
a spokeswoman, Amanda Hen-
neberg. “His mismanagement of
the process has exposed taxpay-
ers to a $25 billion loss.”
To try to offset rare public crit-
icism from Chrysler and General
Motors, the Romney campaign
corralled an endorsement from a
former president of Chrysler, Hal
Sperlich, who said Mr. Romney
would make the American auto
industry more competitive.
But Mr. Obama seemed ener-
gized, fortified by a better than
expected jobs report and his ex-
perience in the storm, when he
won an endorsement from Mayor
Michael R. Bloomberg of New
York and made a political bed-
fellow of the Republican gover-
nor of New Jersey, Chris Christie.
“I’ve got a lot of fight left in
me,” Mr. Obama said to 4,000 peo-
ple in a high school gymnasium
in Springfield, Ohio. He also went
after Mr. Romney’s claims that
he, not Mr. Obama, was a change
“Governor Romney, he’s a
very gifted salesman, so he’s
been trying in this campaign as
hard as he can to repackage
these ideas that didn’t work, the
very same policies that did not
work, and he’s trying to pretend
they’re change,” Mr. Obama said.
The show of harmony in New
Jersey on Wednesday seemed a
world away from the chilly Mid-
western fairground in Hilliard.
Even the minister offering the in-
vocation jabbed Mr. Romney for
his remarks about the 47 percent
of Americans whom he claimed
support Mr. Obama and rely on
government handouts.
Warming up the crowd, former
Gov. Ted Strickland of Ohio char-
acterized a canned-goods drive
that Mr. Romney held in Dayton
for storm victims as little more
than a cheap photo opportunity.
And he described Ohio as “the
firewall for President Obama” —
a state he cannot afford to lose.
So much attention has been
lavished on this state that it
sometimes seems as if the candi-
dates have been wooing Ohioans
one at a time. Mr. Obama used
his limousine, helicopter and a
smaller version of Air Force One
to reach Ohio’s nooks and cran-
nies, traversing the flat land-
scape from Hilliard to Springfield
and then north to Lima.
The Obama campaign has pro-
jected steadfast confidence that it
will hold on to a victory in Ohio,
citing public polls that show Mr.
Obama ahead of Mr. Romney by
a nearly two-to-one ratio among
the 23 percent of registered vot-
ers who have already cast bal-
Campaign aides also brushed
aside Mr. Romney’s plan to cam-
paign in Pennsylvania, saying it
reflected the challenger’s weak-
ness in Ohio. “It’s a desperate
ploy, in the last throes of a cam-
paign, to put another state in
play,” said David Plouffe, a senior
White House adviser.
Back to Campaign, Blustery Obama Hits Romney on Auto Bailout Ad
President Obama at a rally in Hilliard, Ohio, on Friday. Former Gov. Ted Strickland described Ohio as Mr. Obama’s “firewall.”
Harsh words in a
raspy voice leave a
show of harmony
WEST ALLIS, Wis. — At the
start of a frenetic final weekend
of campaigning, Mitt Romney put
on a suit and tie, flipped on a tele-
prompter and did something on
Friday that he had avoided for
much of the past two years: he
made an explicit case for his own
lengthy résumé.
He bragged about running the
Olympic Games. He waxed about
his time as governor of Massa-
chusetts. He brought up Bain
Capital (albeit not by name), the
wildly lucrative and occasionally
controversial private equity firm
he founded.
“I started a business from
scratch and helped make it suc-
cessful; that’s not easy,” Mr.
Romney said as a crowd of 4,000
inside a warehouse here applaud-
ed his C.E.O.-ness. As he embarked on a wearying
three-day, six-state campaign
swing, Mr. Romney urged vot-
ers in the battleground state of
Wisconsin to judge him on his ac-
complishments in the private
sector and his record in govern-
ment, arguing that he offered
deeper experience and a greater
commitment to bipartisanship
than President Obama.
“President Obama promised
change, but he could not deliver
it,” Mr. Romney said. “I promise
change, and I have a record of
achieving it.”
After weeks of rallies at high
school fields and factory floors,
Mr. Romney’s speech here had a
formality and sweep that are fre-
quently missing from his day-to-
day campaigning.
He dropped many of the warm,
personal stories that have be-
come a staple of his stump
speech: one about his sister,
Lynn, that celebrates single
mothers and another about the
Boy Scouts that exemplifies
Americans’ patriotic spirit.
In their place, he named spe-
cific pieces of legislation that he
would introduce in office, includ-
ing what he called the Retraining
Reform Act, a bill to consolidate
dozens of federal job training pro-
grams that he considers redun-
dant and inefficient.
With its heavy emphasis on bi-
ography and readiness, his
speech was a departure from a
style of campaigning that has re-
lied heavily on stinging attacks
on Mr. Obama.
Mr. Romney seems to have
farmed out his most withering at-
tacks to his campaign advertising
team, which is under fire for a
commercial that makes the mis-
leading claim that Mr. Obama is
seeking to export American auto
jobs to China.
After surging in polls after the
first presidential debate and
turning the race into a virtual tie,
Mr. Romney is grappling with a
shifting political landscape. The
economy is experiencing a recov-
ery, however halting, and his op-
ponent is enjoying a very public
bipartisan embrace, most recent-
ly from a prominent Romney sup-
porter, Gov. Chris Christie of New
Jersey, a Republican, and Mayor
Michael R. Bloomberg of New
York City, a high-profile inde-
Mr. Romney’s message on Fri-
day seemed intended to play of-
fense on both of those fronts. He
dismissed a federal jobs report,
released Friday, that showed
stronger-than-expected job
growth, calling it stagnation.
“Unemployment is higher today
than when Barack Obama took
office,” he said in West Allis, just
outside of Milwaukee. Mr. Romney delivered a point-
ed rebuttal to the bipartisan im-
ages of his rival that millions of
Americans have watched over
the past few days on cable news.
Recalling Mr. Obama’s prom-
ise in 2008 to transcend party
politics, Mr. Romney insisted that
the president had plunged the
Capitol into an era of partisan
politics, exemplified by his pur-
suit of a national health care
“If the president were to be re-
elected, he will not be able to
work with Congress. I don’t care
what he says right now,” Mr.
Romney said. “We have four
years of record to look at. And of
course, he’s burned a lot of
bridges there. He ignores Con-
gress, he attacks Congress, he de-
monizes Congress.”
He offered himself up as a can-
didate with a proven record of
reaching across the aisle, as gov-
ernor of a largely Democratic
state. He vowed to meet with
Democrat lawmakers and their
leaders in Congress personally if
he is elected on Tuesday.
“I won’t waste any time com-
plaining about my predecessor,”
he said. “I won’t spend my effort
trying to pass partisan legislation
unrelated to economic growth.
From Day 1, I will go to work to
help Americans get back to
But for a candidate who has
studiously sidestepped specific
references to his time in busi-
ness, it was his emphasis on his
corporate record that stood out. He even mentioned his time as
the temporary head of Bain Con-
sulting, when the firm was
plunged into financial turmoil. “I
took the reins of another business
that was in trouble and helped
turn it around,” he said. “That’s
real change.”
Mr. Obama carried Wisconsin
handily in 2008, and Mr. Romney
has rarely campaigned here. But
his standing in the state has been
lifted by his selection of a Wis-
consinite, Representative Paul D.
Ryan, as his running mate, and
polls now show the race to be
neck and neck in the state. On
Saturday, Mr. Romney will barn-
storm across New Hampshire,
Iowa and Colorado, all consid-
ered vital to his victory as he
tries to cobble together 270 elec-
toral votes on Tuesday.
But on Friday, Mr. Romney
made sure to play to the local
crowd. “It’s good to be in the
home state of the next vice presi-
dent of the United States,” he said
to roaring cheers.
“Next to Ann Romney,” he
said, after a pause, “Paul Ryan is
the best choice I ever made.”
Romney Changes Tack, Emphasizing Readiness and Giving Specifics
Mitt Romney in Etna, Ohio, on Friday, a day when he made an unusually explicit case for his bid for the White House.
A speech with a
formality and sweep
that are frequently
Right here in Ohio,
folks who work at the Jeep
plant have been having to call
up their employers because
they’re worried; they’re asking
if their jobs are being shipped
to China. And the reason
they’re worried is because they
saw ads run by Governor
Romney saying Jeep plants
were going to be shipping jobs
to China. Of course, it turns
out it’s not true. The car com-
panies themselves have told
Governor Romney to knock it
off. Knock it off. That’s what
they said. ... And you can’t try to scare
people. Listen, this is not a
game. These are people’s jobs.
These are people’s lives. ...
You don’t scare hard-working
Americans just to scare up
some votes. That’s not what
being president is about.
President Obama from his
speech at Springfield High
School in Springfield, Ohio,
on Friday
I promise change, and I
have a record of achieving it. I built a business, and
turned around another. I
helped put an Olympics back
on track. And with a Demo-
cratic legislature, I helped turn
my state from deficit to sur-
plus, from job losses to job
growth, and from higher taxes
to higher take-home pay. ... I know how to change
the course the nation is on,
how to get us to a balanced
budget and how to build jobs
and rising take-home pay. Ac-
complishing real change is not
something I just talk about —
it is something I have done.
And it is what I will do when I
am president of the United
If you believe we can do
better, if you believe America
should be on a better course, if
you are tired of being tired,
then I ask you to vote for real
change. Paul Ryan and I will
bring real change to America,
from Day 1.
Mitt Romney at a speech in
West Allis, Wis., on Friday
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
separate the two campaigns, but aside
from the man at the middle of them
both, covering the campaign this year
feels much different.
In photographs from 2008, the Obama
campaign was a visible work in
progress, constantly evolving through a
long, bitter primary season. The settings were as diverse as the
crowds that inhabited them. At a rally in
Carrollton, Tex., Mr. Obama roamed
freely on the stage, unshackled to the
teleprompter, microphone in hand,
lighted from one side by the warm glow
of tungsten filaments set against a cool
fluorescent green ceiling. His stroll
around the stage brought him within
inches of my lens. In Miami, storm clouds gathered in
the steamy evening sky as he gestured
in silent silhouette. In the October
homestretch, his events had the scale of
sold-out rock concerts. You could feel
this swell of energy and emotion as
Election Day drew near. This time around, many of his rallies
have a small-town scale but lack the
grass-roots feel of ’08. They have a uni-
form, prepackaged gloss, typical of
most presidential events. At a rally at a
baseball field in Virginia the president
came out swinging, literally, with an
imaginary bat. But the crowd was
squeezed into a corner of the stadium to
give the illusion of density. Four years
ago, he would have been speaking in the
center of that stadium, with supporters
lining the field and filling the stands. In 2008, I observed him interacting
with people more. He was not just a sol-
itary figure, standing at a microphone
or shuttling from place to place. Now,
there is a constant challenge to find can-
did, storytelling images. Every day on
the trail is scheduled and scripted down
to the minute, and covering it often feels
like a carefully choreographed dance. In between rallies, there are a few
“off the record” stops to local business-
es and restaurants or official presiden-
tial duties, but most days are filled with
this intricate series of repeating move-
ments. Sometimes it feels as if we are
just going through the motions, and I
often wonder whether he feels the same
Photographers catch only a fleeting
glimpse of the president beneath layers
of armored stage decorations, lecterns,
microphones, teleprompters, staff mem-
bers and Secret Service agents. In pho-
tographs, Mr. Obama can often seem
engulfed by the scale of the office and
its necessary trappings.
Night after night, we watch him de-
scend the ramp from Air Force One, sa-
lute his greeters, take a right turn and
walk away to Marine One, the helicop-
ter that carries him into the night sky
and back to his home at 1600 Pennsylva-
nia Avenue. A lone Marine tips his hat
and bows into the rotor wash from the
departing helicopters. It is mesmeriz-
ing, standing under the wing of Air
Force One, watching the routine unfold,
even though it is exactly the same every
Campaigning can sometimes seem
like a lonely undertaking for a man who
is almost always surrounded by people.
At the Iowa State Fair in August, Mr.
Obama made a stop for a beer and pork
chops and found himself alone with a
plate of food in front of a crowd of re-
porters, photographers and fairgoers,
but without utensils so he could actually
eat his food. He got little sympathy from
his busy observers.
Backstage at an October event in
Cleveland, after shaking dozens of
hands he stood alone in front of the
campaign’s instant presidential back-
drop, waiting for instructions on his
next obligation and a dose of hand san-
At an August stop in Colorado City,
Mr. Obama sat on the edge of a wres-
tling mat and put his shoes on after
meeting with some Olympic hopefuls. It
was such a brief and rare humanizing
moment, a reminder that the president
of the United States still sits on the
ground when he has to and still puts his
shoes on, one foot at a time, just like the
rest of us. We were quickly ushered
away. In 2012, Mr. Obama looks a little lean-
er and his hair is a little grayer. At an
event in Miami, speaking in front of an
oversize American flag, he eventually
draped his arm over the lectern, shifted
the weight of his body and for a fleeting
moment allowed his weariness to seep
onto the podium and in through my
lens. In New Hampshire, in a sweltering
high school gymnasium, he closed his
eyes, lost for a fraction of a second in
solitary respite, as he used a hand-
kerchief to dab the sweat off his fore-
head in the middle of his stump speech.
While I was traveling through Ala-
bama and South Carolina in 2008, sev-
eral black supporters of Mr. Obama told
me they could not bring themselves to
vote for him. I didn’t understand. Many
of these voters, who had experienced
the civil rights movement firsthand, ex-
plained that they could not live with the
possibility of having the assassination
of America’s first black president on
their conscience. It was a shocking and fascinating tes-
tament to that unique moment in time
and a reminder of how different things
are now. These days, voters’ concerns
are a little more familiar: taxes, health
care and of course, the economy. Out on
the trail this year, I am reminded that
you can only elect the first black presi-
dent once. 2012
At an event in Miami in June, President Obama draped his arm over the lectern and, for a fleeting moment, allowed his weariness to seep onto the podium.
As president, Mr. Obama’s walk from Air Force One to the awaiting armored
limousine or rope line is often solitary, accompanied only by the Secret Service.
Mr. Obama at a ”Change We Need" rally in Jacksonville, Fla. Crowds at his
events this year have tended to be smaller, less diverse and more subdued.
The crowd as Mr. Obama took the stage at a rally in Virginia in June, two days after securing
the Democratic nomination. This year’s campaign does not offer the same chance to make history. Damon Winter is a photographer for The
New York Times. In 2009, he won the
Pulitzer Prize for feature photography. Slide shows with additional photos:
A Face More Careworn; a Crowd Less Joyful
From Page A1
Romney and President Obama
close out their campaigns, the
elections for control of the Senate
are taking place across a differ-
ent set of states, with neither
presidential candidate providing
coattails to ensure that his agen-
da will have strong support in
Congress’s upper chamber.
The future of the Senate is be-
ing decided largely beyond the
focus of the more narrow presi-
dential contest, in states like
North Dakota, Montana, Indiana
and Arizona where neither presi-
dential candidate has cam-
paigned. In swing states like
Ohio, Virginia and Florida, Dem-
ocratic Senate candidates are
largely getting more voter sup-
port than Mr. Obama. In Repub-
lican states far from the presi-
dential election action, Republi-
can candidates have struggled to
keep up with Mr. Romney.
“It’s all over but the crying. Joe
Donnelly is poised to succeed Re-
publican Sen. Richard Lugar in
the U.S. Senate,” a Republican
pollster, Christine Matthews,
wrote in an Indiana newsletter on
Friday, unveiling a new Howey-
DePauw Indiana Battleground
Poll showing that Mr. Donnelly, a
Democratic representative, was
leading Richard E. Mourdock,a
Republican, 47 percent to 36 per-
cent, even as Mr. Romney was
leading Mr. Obama in Indiana, 51
percent to 41 percent.
Referring to the Republican
candidate for governor, Ms. Mat-
thews wrote, “Indiana has a
healthy tradition of ticket-split-
ting at the state level, and even
this year when Mitt Romney will
handily defeat Barack Obama in
the state and Mike Pence will
nearly certainly be elected gover-
nor, voters are deciding the Sen-
ate race independently.”
Presidential elections over-
shadow Congressional contests,
and White House campaigns
often leave Senate and House
candidates largely to their own
devices. This year neither presi-
dential candidate has made the
Congressional races a focus of his
campaign, so the winning House
and Senate candidates may not a
feel the need to repay the winner
with the sort of loyalty and grat-
itude that can smooth a legisla-
tive agenda once the ballots are
counted. Democrats often grumble that
Mr. Obama does not showcase
Congressional candidates at his
events, and Mr. Romney has little
history with most Congressional
Republicans, who would proba-
bly consider their allegiance
much stronger to Representative
Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin, his
running mate.
Presidential candidates who
surge at the end can pull some of
their party allies to victory. In
2008, Mr. Obama’s sweep was ac-
companied by an eight-seat Dem-
ocratic gain in the Senate. Presi-
dent George W. Bush’s re-elec-
tion in 2004 brought to the Senate
four additional Republicans. But
in the close election of 2000, Mr.
Bush’s party lost four seats.
When President Bill Clinton
cruised to a second term four
years before, Republicans actu-
ally gained two seats in the Sen-
With just four days to go, most
forecasters predict little change
in the Senate and a minimal
Democratic gain in the House.
Republicans may pick up a hand-
ful of Senate seats, but they could
just as easily suffer a net loss of
one. Neither party will have any-
thing close to a filibuster-proof
“I’m still hopeful that there will
be a tipping point because in so
many of these states, Romney
will be such a big player,” said
Scott Bensing,a former execu-
tive director of the National Re-
publican Senatorial Committee.
“But right now, it’s hand-to-hand
In recent days, the Romney
campaign has been trying to
change that dynamic. On televi-
sion and computer screens in Ari-
zona, Montana and Indiana, Mitt
Romney looks earnestly into the
camera to tell voters that the suc-
cess of his presidency may de-
pend on the election of Repub-
licans to the Senate.
Mr. Romney followed up his
first straight-to-camera endorse-
ment of Mr. Mourdock last week
with two new ads this week, one
endorsing Representative Jeff
Flake of Arizona for the Senate,
another promoting Representa-
tive Denny Rehberg of Montana
for the Senate. “Governor Romney is commit-
ted to helping elect fiscally re-
sponsible Republicans who will
help him create jobs, strengthen
the middle class and put America
back on a path to prosperity,”
said Andrea Saul,a spokeswom-
an for the Romney campaign. In recent days, President Oba-
ma has made commercials for
Senate contenders in his home
state of Hawaii and in Connecti-
cut. Images of him have ap-
peared in the Massachusetts Sen-
ate campaigns of both Elizabeth
Warren, the Democrat, and Sena-
tor Scott P. Brown, the Repub-
lican. Former Gov. Tim Kaine of
Virginia, a Democrat running for
the Senate, has used pictures of
himself with Mr. Obama, but he
has also used a photo of himself
with George W. Bush to project
an image of moderate bipartisan-
Independent Republican
groups have joined the effort.
Crossroads GPS, a group whose
founders include Karl Rove that
is backing Republican candi-
dates, began showing a new ad in
North Dakota this week that dis-
pensed with its usual line of at-
tack linking the Democratic Sen-
ate candidate, Heidi Heitkamp, to
President Obama. Instead, it
talked up a Romney presidency.
“With Mitt Romney as presi-
dent, we can get our country
back on track. But not with Heidi
Heitkamp in the Senate,” the ad
says. “We’re so close to moving
this country forward. Why elect a
roadblock like Heidi Heitkamp?” It may be too late to take ad-
vantage of the Romney strength
even in the reddest of states, but
it is probably worth a try given
the huge margin he has com-
pared with some struggling Sen-
ate contenders. A Mason-Dixon
poll released Wednesday gave
Mr. Romney a 14-percentage-
point lead over Mr. Obama in
North Dakota, for instance. The
poll suggests a very close Senate
contest between Representative
Rick Berg, the Republican, and
Ms. Heitkamp, a former North
Dakota secretary of state. But in North Dakota, as in Indi-
ana, Montana and Arizona, the
Democratic candidate has played
down her party affiliation and
kept Mr. Obama at a long arm’s
length. In her final gauzy ad, Ms.
Heitkamp never mentions the
word Democrat.
“We vote for the person, not
the party,” she says of North Da-
kotans. “I will only answer to
Senate Candidates Find Coattails in Presidential Race Don’t Extend Very Far
The Massachusetts campaigns of both Senator Scott P. Brown and Elizabeth Warren have used images of President Obama. WILL KINCAID/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The race appears close between Heidi Heitkamp and Representative Rick Berg in North Dakota, where Mitt Romney is ahead.
A poll shows Joe Donnelly, a Democrat, left, ahead of Richard E. Mourdock, a Republican, in Indiana, where Mr. Romney leads. By JACKIE CALMES
WASHINGTON — What would
a President Romney have done?
For nearly four years, Mr.
Romney has attacked President
Obama’s responses to the worst
economic crisis since the Depres-
sion, the decisions that have de-
fined the Obama presidency —
on the stimulus package, auto in-
dustry rescue, home-foreclosure
measures and financial regula-
Mr. Romney has been less
clear about what action he would
have taken instead. What follows
are snapshots of his reactions
then and now, which provide a
sense of how he might have re-
sponded if he had been in the
Oval Office and how he might ap-
proach economic policy should
he be elected president on Tues-
Mr. Romney was an
early advocate of some govern-
ment action and criticized Presi-
dent George W. Bush for not
seeking a stimulus measure be-
fore departing. But mostly he
slammed Mr. Obama, within days
of the inauguration, for the $831
billion package of spending and
tax cuts that a Democratic-led
Congress soon passed. He called
it bloated with spending that
would take too long to help the
economy. (The total grew to $1.4
trillion as some provisions were
By the end of 2009 Mr. Romney
declared the stimulus a costly
failure, though nonpartisan stud-
ies found that it had helped cre-
ate or support millions of jobs. He
cited a weak recovery, slower
than even the Obama administra-
tion’s projections, and a stub-
bornly high unemployment rate. But Mr. Romney’s own pre-
scriptions were mixed. In Febru-
ary 2009, as the stimulus bill was
being enacted, he suggested $450
billion in tax cuts for middle-
income Americans and federal
money for unspecified “urgent
priorities.” He called tax cuts
“twice as effective” as spending
for spurring the economy, a con-
tention that many economists
That December, Mr. Romney
called for Washington to pull
back, though unemployment had
hit 10 percent. “Shrinking gov-
ernment and reducing govern-
ment jobs is healthier for the
economy, but this option was
never seriously considered,” he
His position mirrored that tak-
en by many conservatives at the
time in the United States and in
Europe, which became some-
thing of a laboratory for the idea
that Keynesian policy had been
proven ineffective and that slash-
ing spending and reducing def-
icits would lower interest rates,
promote investment, shrink the
government’s interference in the
marketplace and put the econ-
omy on a sounder footing for the
long run. Britain and other nations that
adopted austerity policies en-
countered deeper economic trou-
bles. In the United States, few
nonpartisan economists support
government austerity in a down-
turn. Mr. Romney, suggesting
some belief in the central tenet of
Keynesian economics — that
government spending can tempo-
rarily make up for a lack of de-
mand in the private sector — has
subsequently said that he would
enact budget cuts he supported
with an eye toward whether the
timing would have a negative im-
pact on a still-weak recovery. AUTO BAILOUT
In late 2008 Presi-
dent Bush approved $25 billion in
aid for General Motors and
Chrysler. Ford, in better shape,
declined aid but backed it for the
others since liquidating two of
the Big Three automakers would
bankrupt many suppliers, imper-
iling Ford.
That help proved insufficient.
Mr. Obama, advised by a task
force he formed after taking of-
fice, forced G.M. and Chrysler
through a government-managed
bankruptcy, lending them $60 bil-
lion more so they could keep op-
erating while restructuring. This
amount, unlike the first, had to be
The decision was politically
risky, given the growing populist
backlash at the time to bailouts
like those already given to banks.
Mr. Romney opposed the actions
by both Mr. Obama and Mr. Bush
to provide direct government aid
to Detroit, and in November 2008,
he wrote an Op-Ed article in The
New York Times calling for the
companies to be given new man-
agement and restructured
through the bankruptcy process,
with the prospect of government
loan guarantees only afterward.
He has defended that stance even
as the bailout helped the compa-
nies return to profitability and
add jobs. Mr. Obama’s plan also required
a bankruptcy that forced new un-
ion contracts, new managers and
investments in fuel-saving tech-
nologies. The difference was that
Mr. Romney ruled out any bridge
loan from taxpayers. He said the
government should only guaran-
tee private loans, and only when
the companies emerged from
bankruptcy. “Detroit needs a
turnaround, not a check,” he
wrote in the Op-Ed article.
But there was little if any pri-
vate financing available to the
automakers at the time. Romney
ads this week in Ohio say the re-
vived automakers are sending
jobs to China, a charge the auto-
makers have denounced as false.
One ad ends, “Mitt Romney has a
plan to help the auto industry.” It
offers no details, but the Romney
campaign has suggested that he
would have built more safe-
guards into any bailout package
against moving production from
the United States to other coun-
tries and that his promised crack-
down on China’s trade and cur-
rency practices would have dis-
couraged Chrysler from deciding
to build Jeeps for the Chinese
market in China rather than in
the United States.
The hangover of de-
pressed home values and foreclo-
sures since the housing bubble
burst has been perhaps the big-
gest drag on the recovery, ana-
lysts say. Yet remedies are finan-
cially and politically complex, as
Mr. Obama found. Polls show
most Americans oppose bailouts
for neighbors who got mortgages
they could not afford or owe more
than their homes are worth. In-
centives for lenders to modify
troubled mortgages have helped
far fewer people than Mr. Obama
predicted. Until recently Mr. Romney of-
fered a free-market alternative:
do nothing. Last November in
Nevada, the state with the high-
est foreclosure and jobless rates,
he told The Las Vegas Review
Journal: “Don’t try and stop the
foreclosure process. Let it run its
course and hit the bottom.” Mr. Romney did express in-
terest in then “helping people re-
finance homes.” And more re-
cently he has seemed to suggest
that the government policy could
have some role in helping spur a
recovery. Last week in Reno, he
said, without elaboration, “When
I’m elected, we’re going to finally
get this housing market going.”
Mr. Rom-
ney has long proposed to “repeal
and replace” the 2010 Dodd-
Frank law tightening regulation
of financial institutions. He has
emphasized “repeal” and not de-
fined a replacement. But Mr.
Romney, who expressed general
support for the role of regulation
in the first presidential debate,
has offered hints.
“There’s some parts of Dodd-
Frank that make all the sense in
the world,” he said. “You need
transparency, you need leverage
limits.” Past comments and language
in his manifesto, “Believe in
America,” suggest that Mr. Rom-
ney supports several objectives
of Dodd-Frank: Authorizing the
government to wind down failing
institutions, to avoid a Lehman
Brothers-like crash that threat-
ens the system; requiring trans-
parency for complex financial in-
struments like derivatives, and
requiring institutions to keep a
larger buffer of capital. He has suggested support for
some version of the new consum-
er-protection bureau, which Con-
gressional Republicans opposed.
While calling it “perhaps the
most powerful and unaccount-
able bureaucracy in the history of
our nation” in a statement in Jan-
uary, he also proposed “to fix the
flaws in this new bureaucracy.” Mr. Romney often attacks
Dodd-Frank for supposedly des-
ignating five banks as “too big to
fail,” freeing them to take risks,
confident of a bailout. “We need
to get rid of that provision,” he
said in the debate. But if his position makes clear
his opposition to the “too big to
fail” concept, it ignores one
thing: such a provision does not
A sign in Hillsboro, Va., offers a crude endorsement of Mitt Romney’s economic argument.
Kitty Bennett contributed re-
What Romney Has Said
Offers Clues If He Wins Exploring the
issues in the
2012 campaign.
To join the con-
The Agenda
You may have heard some
pushback about our contention
that Barack Obama is the favor-
ite (certainly not a lock) to win on
Tuesday. I haven’t come across
too many analyses suggesting
that Mitt Romney is the favorite.
But plenty of people say the race
is a “tossup.”
What I find confounding is that
the argument we’re making is ex-
ceedingly simple: Obama is
ahead in Ohio.
A somewhat more complicated
version: Mr. Obama is now lead-
ing in the polls in Ohio and other
states, which, if that holds on
Election Day, would be enough
for him to win at least 270 elector-
al votes, and by a margin that has
historically translated into vic-
tory roughly 80 percent of the
To argue that Mr. Obama is not
the favorite, you have to make a
case for why the polls should not
be taken at face value.
Some argue that the polls are
systematically biased against Re-
publicans. This could be a com-
pelling argument had it been con-
sistently true. But while there
have been some years when the
polls overestimated how well the
Democratic presidential nominee
would do, there have been about
as many in which the same was
true for the Republican.
Others argue that undecided
voters tend to break against the
incumbent. But this has also not
really been true in recent elec-
tions. And in some key states, Mr.
Obama is at 50 percent of the vote
in the polling average, or close to
it, meaning he will not need many
undecided voters to win.
A third argument is that Mr.
Romney has the momentum in
the polls. This may be the worst
of the arguments, in my view.
Simply put, it is contradicted by
the evidence.
If Mr. Romney has the momen-
tum in the polls, then this should
imply that his polls are continu-
ing to get better. But in 9 of the 11
battleground states, Mr. Obama’s
polls have been better over the
past 10 days than they were im-
mediately after the Denver de-
bate. The same is true for the na-
tional polls, whether or not track-
ing polls are included. In the swing states, in fact, Mr.
Obama’s polls now look very
close to where they were before
the conventions and the debates.
They are better than they were
immediately after Denver; he’s
gained back one percentage
point, or perhaps a point and a
half, of what he lost.
What about the national polls?
Aren’t those still worse for Mr.
Obama than they were before the
Actually, that isn’t so clear. Mr.
Obama’s national polls looked su-
perficially better before the con-
ventions because many of them
were polls of registered voters,
which do tend to show more fa-
vorable results for Democrats, in-
stead of likely voters. Some of
what I perceived as “momen-
tum” toward Mr. Romney is a
fairly predictable consequence of
the national polls having flipped
over to applying likely voter
screens at various points be-
tween August and October.
But now we’re getting into all
these complications! All these
The fact is, even the simplest
analysis of the polls — just aver-
ages of all the likely voter polls in
the FiveThirtyEight database,
applying no other weighting or
“secret sauce” — would argue
that Mr. Obama is leading. He
has been ahead in the vast major-
ity of polls in Iowa, Michigan,
Minnesota, New Mexico, Neva-
da, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wis-
consin, and all the other states
where the Democratic nominee
normally wins. These states add
up to more than 270 electoral
The FiveThirtyEight model
represents a complicated analy-
sis of the polls, but in this case,
simplicity is on its side.
Simple Case
For Saying
That Obama
Is Favored
Nate Silver’s blog on polling
and the November elections:
in 2008 — until Monday, the day
of the storm, when the daily tally
began to lag from its levels of
four years ago. But the lingering aftermath of
the storm could have a bigger —
if not always easy to predict — ef-
fect on state and local races. In
the Senate race in Connecticut,
where Christopher S. Murphy, a
Democratic congressman, is run-
ning against Linda E. McMahon,
a Republican former professional
wrestling executive, some Demo-
crats worry that storm damage in
Democratic strongholds like
Bridgeport could depress the
Several close House races are
being waged in areas that saw
significant storm damage. In Suf-
folk County, on the eastern end of
Long Island, Representative Tim
Bishop, a five-term Democrat, is
facing a rematch with Randy Alt-
schuler, a Republican business-
man who nearly won the seat two
years ago. And on Staten Island,
which saw some of the worst
storm damage in New York City,
Representative Michael G.
Grimm, a first-term Republican
facing questions about his fund-
raising practices, is trying to
stave off a challenge from Mark
Murphy, a Democrat. Then there are all the other lo-
cal races, from school board elec-
tions across New Jersey to the
hard fought-race for control of
the New York State Senate.
With thousands of lawyers
from both campaigns fanning out
across the country, storm-related
issues could provide new fodder
for court challenges. As Wendy
Weiser, the director of the De-
mocracy Program at the Bren-
nan Center for Justice at the New
York University School of Law, a
public interest organization, put
it, “There will be an incentive for
whichever candidate is losing in
the affected states to look for liti-
gating opportunities as a result of
the disrupted election.”
State and county elections offi-
cials are working around the
clock to make sure the voting
goes as smoothly as possible next
week, said Dennis Scott Kobitz,
the president of the New Jersey
Association of Election Officials.
“I actually slept here last night,’’
Mr. Kobitz, the administrator of
the board of elections in Union
County, N.J., said in a phone in-
terview from his office. He said that around half of the
county’s polling sites still lacked
power on Friday afternoon, and
that he was making preparations
to get generators for all of them
by Tuesday.
But the problems throughout
the region were considerable.
Some polling sites were flooded
or damaged, or cut off by roads
needing repair. Others were in
schools that had been trans-
formed to shelters for people dis-
placed by the storm. And some election boards were
struggling to find power or get
assurances from the utilities that
power would be restored in time.
With their servers down, they
also found themselves unable to
update their Web sites for the
public. A telephone hot line set up by
the New York City Board of Elec-
tions to help people find their vot-
ing sites was out of service. “Our
central phone bank (866 VOTE
NYC) is not functioning properly
and our Manhattan and Staten Is-
land offices have been closed
since Monday due to loss of pow-
er,” the board’s Web site said on
Friday. New York State extended the
deadline for absentee ballots to
be received and counted to 13
days after Election Day, from
seven days, to allow for postal de-
lays caused by the storm. But
they must be postmarked no lat-
er than Monday, said John Con-
klin, a spokesman for the state’s
Board of Elections, which has
been trying to help local boards
get power restored or, failing
that, get generators, fuel and ex-
tension cords. A little-noticed New York State
law allows counties to seek per-
mission for a second day of vot-
ing if they determine that voter
turnout was less than 25 percent
“as the direct consequence” of a
disaster, but several election law-
yers said that they did not believe
it had ever been invoked and that
it was unlikely to be used next
Suffolk County plans to relo-
cate five of its 342 polling places,
said Jesse Garcia, a board of elec-
tions employee, who said that
cards would be sent to voters and
that workers would be sent to the
closed sites to direct voters to the
new ones.
In Bridgeport, Mayor Bill
Finch took Connecticut’s secre-
tary of the state, Denise Merrill,
through his storm-ravaged city
on Friday, stopping at the Long-
fellow School, the only one of the
city’s 24 polling places still
closed, which he said had been
under two feet of water. Resi-
dents who normally vote there
will be redirected to a nearby
school to vote. Ms. Merrill prom-
ised to help municipalities with-
out power to find generators.
Ms. Weiser, the lawyer at the
Brennan Center, noted that the
center had worked all year to try
to block or mitigate strict election
laws passed in a number of Re-
publican-led states that it be-
lieved would put up hurdles for
voters, often with success. “The
storm created new, non-man-
Mayor Bill Finch of Bridgeport, Conn., with Secretary of the State Denise Merrill at the Longfellow School, a closed polling place.
Disruption From the Hurricane Could Be Felt at the Polls
From Page A9
Elizabeth Maker contributed re-
porting from Bridgeport, Conn. LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Election officials fear blocked roads like this one in Old Greenwich, Conn., could depress voting.
In mid-October, a Republican
lawyer in Washington sent pa-
perwork overnight to the Federal
Election Commission forming a
new “super PAC” called Freedom
Fund North America. The group
did nothing for more than a week,
until the last deadline passed for
publicly disclosing donors before
Election Day. Then it spent nearly $1 million
on advertising against Democrat-
ic candidates for the Senate in
North Dakota and Montana,
races that could determine con-
trol of the chamber next year.
A last-minute burst of below-
the-radar cash has begun flood-
ing into the national elections,
most of it financing advertising
against Democrats, often in mar-
kets where television time is still
cheap. But unlike the well-known
outside groups that have dom-
inated the airwaves until now,
many of the new spenders did not
formally exist a few weeks ago.
They have generic-sounding
names, rarely have Web sites and
are exploiting a loophole that will
keep their donors anonymous un-
til long after the last votes are
counted. “You get used to the same old
crew,” said Heidi Heitkamp, the
Democratic candidate for Senate
in North Dakota, referring to out-
side groups like the U.S. Cham-
ber of Commerce that have al-
ready poured millions of dollars
into the race on behalf of both
candidates. “But then you see a
group place an ad, and don’t
know what their interest is, you
wonder who they are. And when
you do some research, you find
One new super PAC, called the
Hardworking Americans Com-
mittee, has spent a little more
than $1 million since Oct. 23 on
ads attacking Senator Debbie
Stabenow of Michigan, a Demo-
crat, accusing her of failing to pay
property taxes. But the group re-
ported raising no money at all
through Oct. 17, the last date be-
fore Election Day by which super
PACs were required to disclose
Because all the group’s cash
was provided afterward, none of
the donors will be revealed until
the next disclosure deadline — in
“None of our donors are
ashamed about being part of the
project,” said Stuart Sandler, the
group’s treasurer, who served as
executive director of the state
Republican Party last year. It
was just the way the calendar
On Wednesday, a new super
PAC called Republicans for a
Prosperous America purchased
$1.7 million worth of advertising
against President Obama. The
group was formed in early Sep-
tember and did not file a dis-
closure report in October. But on the same day it re-
ported purchasing the ad time,
the super PAC revealed that it
was affiliated with an existing
group called the Republican Jew-
ish Coalition, a tax-exempt advo-
cacy organization that has al-
ready run millions of dollars in
“issue ads” against Mr. Obama.
The change was reported on
Wednesday by the Sunlight
Foundation, a nonpartisan
watchdog group that works for
more transparency in campaign
Matt Brooks, the Republican
Jewish Coalition’s executive di-
rector, said the group — which
has been heavily financed by the
casino billionaire Sheldon Adel-
son — wanted to run more ex-
plicit campaign ads using a super
PAC but set it up under a differ-
ent name to avoid tipping off op-
“We just didn’t want to tele-
graph in advance our strategy
and tactics,” Mr. Brooks said. The
timing had nothing to do with dis-
guising donors, he said, but was
determined by the subject of the
group’s new ads: Bryna Franklin,
a former organizer for Demo-
crats living in Israel, who an-
nounced in an op-ed this week
that she planned to vote for a Re-
publican presidential candidate
for the first time in her life.
Mr. Brooks said of the op-ed,
“We were presented with an op-
portunity. “We hustled to film her in Is-
rael and get this turned around,”
he said. “The timing didn’t have
anything to do with donor dis-
The lawyer representing Free-
dom Fund North America, Mi-
chael G. Adams, also serves as
treasurer to seven other super
PACs that have run ads in recent
weeks against Democrats run-
ning for the Senate. Mr. Adams, who did not re-
spond to an e-mail seeking com-
ment, is a former deputy counsel
for the Republican politician Er-
nie Fletcher, the former governor
of Kentucky and an ally of Sena-
tor Mitch McConnell of Kentucky,
the party’s leader in the Senate.
One of them, the Fund for Free-
dom, reported having $89,433 on
hand in its final pre-election dis-
closure. Since then, the group has
spent $670,000 on advertising to
assist Linda Lingle, the Repub-
lican candidate for Senate in Ha-
Other super PACs are also us-
ing last-minute contributions to
finance attack ads in states
where they had not been active
before. A group called Patriot Majority
reported having $20,045 in cash
on hand on Oct. 17. Since then, it
has spent more than $400,000 on
ads attacking Mitt Romney. It is
one of the few major late spend-
ers to focus on Republicans.
Now or Never PAC, a group
based in Missouri, reported it had
$79,494 in cash when it filed its fi-
nal pre-election disclosure with
the F.E.C. in mid-October. In the
two weeks since, the group has
spent more than $5 million in five
Senate races and one House race,
all to benefit Republicans.
“Especially late in the game,
it’s possible to game the timing of
disclosures to drop a whole lot of
money without having to disclose
anything about its sources,” said
Bill Allison, the editorial director
of the Sunlight Foundation.
“We’re seeing all kinds of groups
popping out of the woodwork that
we haven’t ever seen before,
spending a lot of money, and vot-
ers have no opportunity to see
who is behind those messages.”
All the super PACs will eventu-
ally be required to disclose their
donors. But additional advertis-
ing has been purchased in recent
weeks by tax-exempt groups
making their first foray into cam-
paign-season advertising. Such
organizations are not required to
disclose their donors even after
the election because they claim to
be engaged primarily in educa-
tional, not political, activities. At least 37 such groups, known
as 501(c) 4s after a section of the
tax code that regulates them, re-
ported political expenditures of
close to $3 million since Oct. 17.
Jo Craven McGinty contributed
reporting. A Last-Minute Rush of Campaign Spending With Murky Origins
Using a loophole to
hide donors’ names
until after the vote. A14
Just when they might have thought
they were in the clear, people recover-
ing from meningitis in an outbreak
caused by a contaminated steroid drug
have been struck by a second illness. The new problem, called an epidural
abscess, is an infection near the spine at
the site where the drug — contaminated
by a fungus — was injected to treat back
or neck pain. The abscesses are a lo-
calized infection, different from menin-
gitis, which affects the membranes cov-
ering the brain and spinal cord. But in
some cases, an untreated abscess can
cause meningitis. The abscesses have
formed even while patients were taking
powerful antifungal medicines, putting
them back in the hospital for more
treatment, often with surgery. The problem has just begun to
emerge, so far mostly in Michigan,
which has had more people sickened by
the drug — 112 out of 404 nationwide —
than any other state.
“We’re hearing about it in Michigan
and other locations as well,” said Dr.
Tom M. Chiller, the deputy chief of the
mycotic diseases branch of the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention.
“We don’t have a good handle on how
many people are coming back.”
He added, “We are just learning
about this and trying to assess how best
to manage these patients. They’re very
In the last few days, about a third of
the 53 patients treated for meningitis at
St. Joseph Mercy Hospital in Ann Arbor,
Mich., have returned with abscesses,
said Dr. Lakshmi K. Halasyamani, the
chief medical officer.
“This is a significant shift in the pre-
sentation of this fungal infection, and
quite concerning,” she said. “An epidu-
ral abscess is very serious. It’s not
something we expected.”
She and other experts said they were
especially puzzled that the infections
could occur even though patients were
taking drugs that, at least in tests, ap-
peared to work against the fungus caus-
ing the infection, a type of black mold
called Exserohilum. The main symptom is severe pain
near the injection site. But the abscess-
es are internal, with no visible signs on
the skin, so it takes an M.R.I. scan to
make the diagnosis. Some patients have
more than one abscess. In some cases,
the infection can be drained or cleaned
out by a neurosurgeon. But sometimes fungal strands and ab-
normal tissue are wrapped around
nerves and cannot be surgically re-
moved, said Dr. Carol A. Kauffman, an
expert on fungal diseases at the Uni-
versity of Michigan. In such cases, all
doctors can do is give a combination of
antifungal drugs and hope for the best.
They have very little experience with
this type of infection.
Some patients have had epidural ab-
scesses without meningitis; St. Joseph
Mercy Hospital has had 34 such cases. A spokesman for the health depart-
ment in Tennessee, which has had 78
meningitis cases, said that a few cases
of epidural abscess had also occurred
there, and that the state was trying to
assess the extent of the problem. Dr. Chiller said doctors were also re-
porting that some patients exposed to
the tainted drug had arachnoiditis, a
nerve inflammation near the spine that
can cause intense pain, bladder prob-
lems and numbness. “Unfortunately, we know from the
rare cases of fungal meningitis that oc-
cur, that you can have complicated
courses for this disease, and it requires
prolonged therapy and can have some
devastating consequences,” he said.
The meningitis outbreak, first recog-
nized in late September, is one of the
worst public health disasters ever
caused by a contaminated drug. So far,
29 people have died, often from strokes
caused by the infection. The case count
is continuing to rise. The drug was a
steroid, methylprednisolone acetate,
made by the New England Compound-
ing Center in Framingham, Mass. Three
contaminated lots of the drug, more
than 17,000 vials, were shipped around
the country, and about 14,000 people
were injected with the drug, mostly for
neck and back pain. But some received
injections for arthritic joints and have
developed joint infections. Inspections of the compounding cen-
ter have revealed extensive contamina-
tion. It has been shut down, as has an-
other Massachusetts company, Ameri-
dose, with some of the same owners.
Both companies have had their prod-
ucts recalled.
Compounding pharmacies, which mix
their own drugs, have had little reg-
ulation from either states or the federal
government, and several others have
been shut down recently after inspec-
tions found sanitation problems.
Second Illness
Is Infecting
Those Struck
By Meningitis Some people infected by a
contaminated drug now
must fight an infection.
PHILADELPHIA — Pennsylvania of-
ficials reported incomplete test results
that omitted data on some toxic metals
that were found in drinking water taken
from a private well near a natural gas
drilling site, according to legal docu-
ments released this week.
The documents were part of a lawsuit
claiming that natural gas extraction
through a method known as hydraulic
fracturing, or fracking, and storage of
the resulting wastewater at a site in
southwestern Pennsylvania has con-
taminated drinking water and sickened
seven plaintiffs who live nearby. In a deposition, a scientist for the
Pennsylvania Department of Environ-
mental Protection testified that her lab-
oratory tested for a range of metals but
reported results for only some of them
because the department’s oil and gas di-
vision had not requested results from
the full range of tests.
The scientist, Taru Upadhyay, the
technical director of the department’s
Bureau of Laboratories, said the metals
found in the water sample but not re-
ported to either the oil and gas division
or to the homeowner who requested the
tests, included copper, nickel, zinc and
titanium, all of which may damage the
health of people exposed to them, ac-
cording to the federal Agency for Toxic
Substances and Disease Registry.
Ms. Upadhyay said that the bureau
did not arbitrarily decide to withhold
those results. “It was not requested by
our client for that particular test, so we
did — it is not on our final report,” she
said in a deposition on Sept. 26.
Another state environmental official,
John Carson, a water quality specialist,
testified in a separate deposition that he
had received no training in what metals
are found in the fluid used in fracking.
Critics say that fracking contaminates
public water supplies.
The defendants include Range Re-
sources, a leading developer of natural
gas in Pennsylvania, and 16 other com-
panies serving the gas industry.
Kendra Smith, a lawyer for Loren
Kiskadden, whose water was tested by
the Environmental Protection Depart-
ment, contended that the department
purposely avoided reporting the full re-
sults of its tests of Mr. Kiskadden’s wa-
ter in June 2011 and January 2012, after
using a method established by the fed-
eral Environmental Protection Agency
known as 200.7. The method tests for 24
metals, only eight of which were re-
ported, Ms. Smith said.
“Testimony of Ms. Taru Upadhyay
was quite alarming,” Ms. Smith wrote
Thursday in a letter to Michael Krancer,
the state environmental secretary. “She
revealed what can only be character-
ized as a deliberate procedure” by the
oil and gas division and the Bureau of
Laboratories “to withhold critical water
testing results.”
Kevin Sunday, a spokesman for the
department, said Ms. Smith had failed
to substantiate her “outrageous conten-
tion” that the department omitted key
markers in tests for substances that
typically occur in water samples from
drilling in the Marcellus Shale, a rock
formation rich in natural gas.
“The battery of analyses we order
during investigations are thorough and
give us the results we need to make
sound determinations, which we fully
stand behind,” he said in a statement.
Mr. Sunday said oil and gas division
officials wanted to see only the results
they deemed relevant to determining
whether drinking water was being con-
taminated by Marcellus Shale gas drill-
ing and production. The remaining met-
als were present in concentrations that
were below federal standards for safe
drinking water or had no such stand-
ards attached to them, and so were seen
as not being useful to the analysis of
whether gas drilling was affecting
ground water, he said.
Ms. Smith noted that the metals not
reported in Mr. Kiskadden’s tests have
been identified by industry studies as
being found as contaminants in water
produced from oil and gas operations.
In the suit, filed in the Washington
County Court of Common Pleas in May,
Mr. Kiskadden lists health complaints
— including nausea, bone pain, breath-
ing difficulties and severe headaches —
that he says are consistent with ex-
posure to “hazardous chemicals and
gases through air and water.” Toxicology tests on Mr. Kiskadden
and the other six plaintiffs who live
within a mile of a Range Resources drill
site and wastewater pond in Amwell
Township have found the presence of
toluene, benzene and arsenic in their
bodies, according to the complaint.
The Amwell site is among those the
E.P.A. is using in its national investiga-
tion into whether fracking affects
groundwater and drinking water.
Companies like Range Resources in-
sist that chemicals used in fracking can-
not enter public water sources because
they are insulated from aquifers by mul-
tilayered steel and concrete casings and
are deployed a mile or more under-
ground beneath thousands of feet of im-
pervious rock. State Representative Jesse J. White, a
Democrat who represents part of Wash-
ington County, accused the Environ-
mental Protection Department of ma-
nipulating water tests to hide what he
called “adverse results” from gas-drill-
ing operations. Range Resources did not return calls
seeking comment, but the Marcellus
Shale Coalition, an industry group, said
that the state lab had been endorsed as
“well-managed, efficient and highly
functional” by the Association of Public
Health Laboratories.
Pennsylvania Report Left Out Data on Poisons in Water Near Gas Site KEITH SRAKOCIC/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, in 2002 in Claysville, Pa., at a Range Re-
sources drilling site in the Marcellus Shale, a formation rich in natural gas.
John Schwartz contributed reporting
PHOENIX — This election year, com-
munity groups working to get more La-
tinos to turn out and vote have enlisted
the help of an unwitting ally: Sheriff Joe
Arpaio, the brash-talking embodiment
of the battles over illegal immigration in
Arizona and beyond. When they knock on doors — trying,
at first, to persuade Latinos to join voter
rolls, and later returning to make sure
they cast their ballots — the activists re-
sort to the same question to drive the
conversation: Don’t you want Sheriff
Arpaio out of office?
Then they deliver their pitch:Have
you heard of his opponent, Paul Pen-
The groups, organized under catchy
names like Adiós Arpaio and Joe’s Got
to Go,are a motley mixture: members
of religious groups, labor unions and ad-
vocacy organizations, as well as high
school students who are mostly too
young to vote. They were brought to-
gether by timing, circumstance and a
common goal that to many rings aw-
fully close to home.
Felix Trejo’s father was deported to
Mexico three years ago, after he was
caught driving without a license by
Sheriff Arpaio’s deputies. In 2010, Yara-
neth Marin’s father was also deported,
after deputies acting on a court order
rounded up several of her relatives at
home. Jacqueline Garcia’s grandfather,
who had been raising her and her broth-
er, was deported in May, after deputies
arrested him for some type of traffic vi-
olation that she could not describe. “I know how it feels,” Jacqueline, 15,
often tells the prospective voters she
meets on the hours she spends canvass-
ing. She knocks on doors every evening
after classes at Carl Hayden Communi-
ty High School, where she is a sopho-
By their count, the community groups
registered 34,327 Latino voters over the
past six months. Bruce Merrill, a senior
research fellow at the Morrison Insti-
tute for Public Policy at Arizona State
University, said the sheriff’s race and a
Senate contest featuring Richard H.
Carmona, a Hispanic Democrat, are ex-
pected to drive up turnout among Lati-
no voters. Other signs already pointed to a hard-
fought election for Sheriff Arpaio, 80,
whose jurisdiction is Maricopa County.
Just this year, he has been on trial over
allegations of civil rights violations
against Latinos, who accused him of tar-
geting them in raids and traffic stops.
The Justice Department sued him on
the same grounds, and other lawsuits
have been filed, by inmates and in-
mates’ families, claiming mistreatment
in the county jails. Throughout his tenure — he was first
elected in 1992 — Sheriff Arpaio has wel-
comed the criticism brought by his di-
rectives, like outfitting inmates in pink
underwear, creating a female chain
gang and unabashedly using the powers
vested in him by the laws of the state to
pursue illegal immigrants.
“He has been in office long enough to
have alienated an awful lot of people,”
Mr. Merrill said. “But the key thing to
understand is that nobody here in Ari-
zona knows who Paul Penzone is. This
is a race of Joe Arpaio against Joe
Mr. Penzone, 45, a Democrat, retired
from the Phoenix Police Department
three years ago after 21 years on the
force, much of it working as an un-
An event for Paul Penzone last week in Mesa, Ariz. His campaign’s material, in a newspaper format, included a report about lawsuits against the incumbent. Latinos Urged to Oust Sheriff Over Deportations
Advocates in Arizona Try to Get Voters to Polls
By Citing Arpaio’s Record on Immigration
“The plan is to stay strong in our message, to define who I am and to ensure
there’s honesty in the sheriff’s message,” said Mr. Penzone, a Democrat.
Continued on Page A15
The classic picture of Mormon
missionaries is a pair of young
men in white shirts and thin ties.
But now, what might appear to
outsiders to be a subtle change in
church policy has prompted thou-
sands of young Mormon women
to sign up to serve as mission-
aries as well.
Many Mormons say they were
stunned when Thomas S. Mon-
son, president of the Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,
announced last month that the
church was immediately lower-
ing the age requirements for mis-
sionary service to 18 for men and
19 for women. While the change
has significant implications for
men, for Mormon women it could
rewrite the narratives of their
lives. Women have been able to be-
come missionaries before but
were not eligible until they
turned 21. By 21, many Mormon
women are already married, en-
gaged or committed to a job or
further education; relatively few
chose missionary work. Of the
58,000 Mormon missionaries now
posted around the world, accord-
ing to church statistics, only
about 14 percent are young wom-
en, or sisters, as they are called.
“Sisters always had that little
thought of serving a mission, but
by the time 21 comes, you’re mar-
ried or on to something else,”
said Shoushig Tenguerian, 19, a
student at Southern Virginia Uni-
versity, a private Mormon college
near Lynchburg. “This age
change changes everything.” The new minimum age for
young men means that most will
be eligible right after their senior
year in high school. Until now,
Mormon men typically went to
college or worked for a year be-
fore going on a mission. A mission is considered a rite
of passage and a duty for able
Mormon men. It prepares the
men, known as elders,to serve as
clergymen in a church that is run
by its own lay members Men
serve two years, often overseas.
Women serve 18 months, and
service for them is encouraged
but optional. Mormon mission-
aries learn how to preach the
Gospel to often unreceptive audi-
ences, with the goal of making
new converts. Elder Jeffrey R. Holland, a
church leader who serves on the
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles,
said at a news conference that
the reason for the change was “to
get the Gospel to more people in
more distant places than we’ve
ever gone before.”
“God is hastening his work,
and he needs more and more will-
ing and worthy missionaries to
spread the light and the truth and
the hope and the salvation of the
Gospel of Jesus Christ to an often
dark and fearful world,” Mr. Hol-
land said. On the same day the change
was announced, Oct.6, Ms. Ten-
guerian and four of her house-
mates at Southern Virginia Uni-
versity went to the office of their
bishop to begin the application
process. “They wanted to get started
right then and there,” said Bishop
Scott A. Dransfield, who is also
an English professor at Southern
Virginia University. “I think that
women have always felt that
their obligation is to get married,
and if they’re not married by 21,
then they go on a mission. “Now young women consider
going on a mission as a real op-
portunity to serve,” he said. “It
doesn’t have anything to do with
their marriage prospects, and I
know a number of young women
who, when they heard this an-
nouncement, started weeping
openly, just bawling, because it
touched them that profoundly.”
Annalise Tanner, a junior ma-
joring in business at Brigham
Young University, a Mormon col-
lege in Provo, Utah, said that af-
ter hearing the announcement,
she prayed about the decision
and then rushed to apply. She
completed the process in 10 days
— a process that often takes
about three months. She has al-
ready received her “call,” inform-
ing her that she will serve in
Perth, Australia. Her cousin, who
is 19, is also going to Australia,
she said. “I really feel strongly that this
is something the heavenly father
wanted me to do,” said Ms. Tan-
ner, who is 20 and from Center-
ville, Utah. She is dating a fellow
college student who is 24 and has
just returned from his mission.
She said that it was a hard deci-
sion to leave but that her boy-
friend had encouraged her to be-
come a missionary.
“He loved his mission, and he’s
really excited that I could have
the same opportunity that he
had,” she said. “He could defi-
nitely be married when I get
back, but I feel this is what the
Lord wants me to do.” Michael Purdy, a spokesman
for the church, said that typically
about 700 new applications for
missionary service were initiated
each week. Since the announce-
ment, the number has jumped to
about 4,000 applications each
week, and slightly more than half
of the applicants are women.
More Mormon Women
Annalise Tanner, 20,a Brigham Young University student from Provo, Utah, will go to Australia as a Mormon missionary in
March.Anew church ruling last month lowered women’s minimum age for service to 19, from 21, and applications have soared. Mostly male elders
ring doorbells now,
but that may change.
dercover narcotics officer and as
a manager of its Silent Witness
program, which offers rewards to
people who help the authorities
solve crimes. He is, however,
very much a stranger among
many voters. When Yaraneth, 16, asked a
woman on whose door she had
knocked about Mr. Penzone, the
woman replied, “I don’t know
much about him.”
He has been working to intro-
duce himself to voters bit by bit.
He has hosted events in Fountain
Hills, where Sheriff Arpaio lives,
and in El Mirage, where the sher-
iff’s office failed to properly in-
vestigate a number of sex crimes. A few weeks ago, Mr. Penzone
spoke to 50 voters in Sun City, a
retirement community just out-
side Phoenix and one of Sheriff
Arpaio’s staunchest strongholds.
Last week, he spoke to a group of
voters who had helped start the
effort to recall Russell K. Pearce,
a former state senator who was
the primary sponsor of the state’s
controversial immigration bill.
Mr. Penzone’s Web site promi-
nently features a “Republicans
for Penzone” link.
“The plan is to stay strong in
our message, to define who I am
and to ensure there’s honesty in
the sheriff’s message,” Mr. Pen-
zone said in an interview.
Sheriff Arpaio does not engage
in traditional campaigning. He
speaks or makes an appearance
wherever he is invited, his cam-
paign manager, Chad Willems,
said. The invitations come often:
the Pediatric Brain Tumor Foun-
dation Ride for Kids in Phoenix
on Oct. 21, the Real Estate Securi-
ties Symposium in neighboring
Scottsdale on Oct. 22, the Fall
Festival apple pie contest in An-
them on Oct. 27, and the dedica-
tion of a new Elks Lodge building
in Mesa on Oct. 28. And those are
just the ones he mentioned on his
Twitter feed.
“He’s in high demand,” Mr.
Willems said. He also has a lot of money —
$8.5 million at last count, way
more than any other candidate
vying for local elected office in
the history of the state. His ads
are all over television, portraying
him as a devoted husband, high-
lighting his experience before his
election to sheriff (he worked for
years for the Drug Enforcement
Administration) and telling vot-
ers about a piece of Mr. Pen-
zone’s past that they may not
have known — a domestic vio-
lence incident involving his for-
mer wife that resulted in orders
of protection issued against both. Mr. Penzone said she struck
him with hockey sticks. She told
the police that he pushed her
against the door. A judge found
Mr. Penzone to represent “a
credible threat to the safety” of
his ex-wife and ordered him to
surrender his weapons,accord-
ing to court documents.
In the interview, Mr. Penzone
played down the episode, saying
that it happened “more than 10
years ago” and that “there were
no charges” or reprimands
against him from that time, when
he was still a police officer.
He and his supporters have la-
bored to counter the barrage of
Arpaio campaign ads over the
past month with boots on the
ground. Teams of volunteers fan
across Latino enclaves every
day; sometimes they get doors
slammed in their faces, though
other times they get to come in
and help someone fill out a ballot
received by mail. (Early voting is
expected to account for roughly
60 percent of all votes cast in Ari-
Small victories charge them
up. One afternoon, on the court-
yard of a public housing develop-
ment in South Phoenix, Yaraneth
high-fived Mr. Trejo as they got
one man to commit to casting a
vote against Sheriff Arpaio.
“Jan Brewer, she’s next,” said
Ms. Marin, referring to the
state’s Republican governor, who
has been tough on illegal immi-
Arizona Latinos Are Urged to Oust Sheriff
Sheriff Joe Arpaio, left, first elected in 1992, has drawn fire for
his directives. Supporters praise Paul Penzone an alternative.
From Page A14
Quarter horse racing experts
said it was just a coincidence that
so many of the horses being sold
this week at an Oklahoma City
auction had cartel in their names.
The word is often used to show
that a horse is a descendant of a
certain blood line. But prospec-
tive buyers uncertain who used
to own the racehorses had other
names to give them a clue.
In addition to Coronita Cartel,
Big Daddy Cartel, Cartel Mis-
chief and Cartel Syndicate, there
was Merry for Money and Break-
The annual fall mixed sale at
the Heritage Place auction house,
which began Thursday and ends
Saturday, has been one of the
most unusual horse shows Okla-
homa has ever seen — more than
300 quarter horses the authori-
ties said were used by a Mexican
drug cartel to launder the pro-
ceeds of their ruthless, multi-
million-dollar drug operation
were auctioned off by the federal
The horses were seized in June
at an Oklahoma ranch run by
José Treviño Morales, an older
brother of one of the world’s most
dangerous drug traffickers, Mi-
guel Ángel Treviño Morales, a
leader of Mexico’s Zetas drug
cartel. The Treviño brothers es-
tablished a prominent organiza-
tion in the United States that
bought, trained, bred and raced
quarter horses, Tremor Enter-
prises, which allowed them to
launder millions of dollars in
drug money, the authorities said.
The horses, bred from champion
lineage, won some of the indus-
try’s biggest races.
José Treviño was arrested in
the raid, one of a total of 15 people
charged with money laundering.
He and several defendants are
awaiting trial in federal court in
Texas, but his brother Miguel
Ángel Treviño, among those
charged, remains at large in
Both prosecutors and the de-
fendants agreed to sell the
horses, and the judge handling
the case, Sam Sparks of Federal
District Court, cited a number
reasons for ordering the sale, in-
cluding the costs of boarding
them and concern for the health
of the horses, several of whom
died after the raid.
“There’s no fear in buying any
of these horses,” said Special
Agent Mike Lemoine, a spokes-
man for the criminal investiga-
tion division of the Internal Reve-
nue Service, which seized the
horses and was overseeing the
government’s role in the auction.
“This an agreed-upon sale.”
Indeed, the activities of the
horses’ former caretakers ap-
peared to have no effect on those
attending the auction, and on the
prices they were willing to spend.
Mr. Lemoine watched in amaze-
ment as the bidding on one of the
sought-after mares, A Dash of
Sweet Heat, steadily climbed.
“We’re at 450,” Mr. Lemoine
said by phone late Thursday, as a
fast-talking auctioneer could be
heard in the background. “Now
we’re at 550. 750. 850. 880 right
now. 920. Hang on here.”
He had been referring not to
hundreds of dollars, but to hun-
dreds of thousands. A Dash of
Sweet Heat ended up being
bought for $1 million by Julianna
Hawn Holt, the wife of Peter Holt,
the principal owner of the San
Antonio Spurs.
Proceeds from the three-day
auction will be placed in escrow
until the case is resolved. Federal
authorities expect to raise sev-
eral million dollars by the end of
the day Saturday. If the defend-
ants are convicted, Mr. Lemoine
said, the proceeds will be deposit-
ed in the Treasury Department’s
forfeiture fund and will be used to
finance law enforcement activi-
ties that include, naturally, fight-
ing the war on the drugs.
Racehorses Seized in a Raid on a Drug Cartel Are Sold at Auction SUE OGROCKI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A Dash of Sweet Heat, one of more than 300 horses confiscat-
ed from a drug cartel’s suspected money laundering operation.
Hoping to replace organized
sports for the few with fitness for
all, Spelman College this week
formally announced its with-
drawal from intercollegiate ath-
For Spelman, a historically
black women’s college in Atlanta,
the decision was motivated by
predictable concerns about
money and logistics, but also by a
concern for the health of the pop-
ulation it serves. In the United
States, black people are more
likely than whites to suffer from
ailments stemming from poor
diet and inactivity, including
obesity, Type 2 diabetes, heart
disease and high blood pressure.
“When we studied this early
this year, I was startled to see
that we really had only 80 student
athletes out of 2,100 students, and
our program was costing almost
$1 million,” said Beverly Daniel
Tatum, the college president. “I
was also surprised to learn of
studies showing that African-
American women are the least
physically active demographic in
the U.S.”
Last year, some schools an-
nounced plans to leave the Great
South Athletic Conference, the
Division III sports league that in-
cludes Spelman, prompting some
colleges to consider joining other
conferences. But that would have
raised expenses at a time of in-
creased financial pressure.
In addition, Spelman had
planned a major overhaul in 2013-
14 of its undersized, outdated ath-
letics building, which would have
made organized sports more dif-
ficult to carry on.
Instead, the administration de-
cided in April to end intercolle-
giate sports and direct some of
the savings into a fitness and nu-
trition program for all students.
It made the move official on
Thursday, notifying the National
Collegiate Athletic Association
that Spelman would withdraw
from competition in May.
Erik Christianson, an N.C.A.A.
spokesman, said the group knew
of just one other college in the
past decade that had dropped in-
tercollegiate sports entirely, the
New York City College of Tech-
nology in Brooklyn, a branch of
the City University of New York.
Dr. Tatum said physical educa-
tion classes would move from
specific sports toward general fit-
The college’s voluntary well-
ness program is becoming more
popular, but has been con-
strained by having to share space
with sports. The school also plans
to expand and promote related
classes, an effort that began with
a series of events this week.
“We want our students to be-
come what I call soldiers in the
wellness revolution,” Dr. Tatum
Spelman Drops Sports To Turn Focus On Fitness
California: Cloak Stays Over Secret Donors
The donors to an Arizona nonprofit group that gave $11 million to two
California ballot proposition campaigns will most likely remain secret
until after Election Day, after a California appeals court on Friday re-
fused to order the group to immediately hand over its records. This
week, a judge had ordered the Arizona group, known as Americans for
Responsible Leadership, to submit to an audit by the California Fair Po-
litical Practices Commission, the state’s political watchdog. Americans
for Responsible Leadership appealed the ruling, however, which auto-
matically stayed the audit. The Fair Political Practices Commission
asked an appeals court to lift the stay, but the court denied the request.
Ann Ravel, the chairwoman of the commission, said her agency
planned to ask the State Supreme Court to lift the stay, but acknowl-
edged that voters would probably cast ballots on Tuesday without
knowing who financed the Arizona group’s donation. “The voters are
the losers in this,” she said. IAN LOVETT
Texas: Inquiry Into Immigrants’ Shooting Expands
The state police said Friday that they had asked for a federal in-
vestigation of a chase in which a trooper fired on a fleeing pickup from a
helicopter, resulting in the deaths of two Guatemalan immigrants who
were hiding in the truck’s bed. The Texas Department of Public Safety
has said the troopers believed that drugs were hidden under a sheet in
the truck’s bed when the shots were fired. Instead, there were nine
Guatemalans in the truck, including six under the sheet. The chase on
Oct. 25 started after Texas Parks and Wildlife game wardens spotted
the red pickup near La Joya, near the Mexico border and about 250
miles south of San Antonio. The wardens requested help, and the heli-
copter joined the pursuit. (AP)
Hope of Methane on Mars Fades
Deflating, at least for now, hopes of microbial life forms inhabiting the
soils of Mars, NASA’s rover Curiosity has so far come up empty in its
search for the gas methane. At a NASA news conference on Thursday,
scientists reported that the Mars rover’s instruments had seen no signs
of methane, which, had it been there, would have signaled that there
might currently be methane-exhaling microorganisms on Mars that are
similar to those found on Earth. In Martian air, methane molecules are
broken down by sunlight and chemical reactions within a few hundred
years. Thus, when three teams of scientists reported in 2004 that they
had detected methane there, it raised the possibility that something on
present-day Mars was creating methane, and the most exciting possi-
bility was tiny life forms. KENNETH CHANG
National Briefing Do not forget the Neediest!
It was in the wee hours on Monday,
and the whole city seemed to be looking
east, toward the incoming Hurricane
Sandy. Almost everyone. “Why are you guys stay-
ing inside?” Ricardo Tochi-
mani, 31, asked his two
grown nephews, the sons of
his older brothers. “Let’s go
out.” The idea was preposter-
ous, and the younger men laughed.
They live in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn,
practically within sight of the Atlantic
Ocean. Go out? “He always jokes,” said
one nephew, also named Ricardo Tochi-
mani, 17.
The last hours of normal life in New
York City were quickly running out. The
death toll would begin before day’s end,
from the wind and rain, downed trees
and power lines and flash floods. Among those killed on Monday was
the elder Mr. Tochimani, but his name
appears on no list of stormcasualties. It
stands alone, a homicide, and the identi-
ty of his killers remains a mystery. Mr. Tochimani was one of five broth-
ers — with Angel, Teodulo, Fortunato
and Gustabo — to move, at different
times, to New York from Mexico. They
all settled in Bath Beach, on or near 18th
Avenue. Home base was a set of apart-
ments above a fish market, where mem-
bers of the family still live. Some of his brothers had wives and
children. They all knew loss. Their par-
ents died in Mexico. One brother’s son
died shortly after birth a few years ago,
entering the world with a hole in his
Mr. Tochimani was single, lived alone,
and worked on construction jobs. “He
was funny,” his nephew Ricardo said.
“He was just a calm person. He never
looked for any problems.” The last time those who knew him
saw him, Mr. Tochimani was making
light of the weather. “He said last year,
during Hurricane Irene, he went jog-
ging,” Ricardo said. He said goodbye. “You should stay,” his nephew said. No, I’m going home, Mr. Tochimani
answered, and added, “Nothing’s going
to happen.” The police were already working
longer shifts in advance of the storm. In
the 62nd Precinct in Brooklyn, those
preparations were interrupted by a 911
call at 3:40 a.m., reporting a man being
assaulted at Bay 34th Street and Bath
Avenue. Officers arrived to find the man
with, according to a police report, “se-
vere trauma about the head and body.”
He was pronounced dead at Lutheran
Medical Center.
Monday passed in the apartment on
18th Avenue, as in the rest of the city, in
a cloud of anxiety. Everyone was in-
doors. The lights flickered but stayed
on. Then, during the storm’s peak of
powerful gusts, there was a knock on
the door, the sort of firm rap that an-
nounces the authorities.
“I thought we were going to get evac-
uated,” the younger Ricardo said. There
were two detectives, one holding a pho-
tograph of a terribly battered face. His
uncle. “It was just awful,” Ricardo said. The police said the fight had been
preceded by some sort of dispute in a
nearby bar. A group of men were be-
lieved to have beaten Mr. Tochimani be-
fore fleeing in a silver minivan. The corner where he fell is desolate.
The police found him outside the fence
of an automobile repair garage called
Flash Services. Across the street is a
deli that would not open for another
three hours. O
NE of the owners of the garage,
named Frank, was driving home
to Staten Island that day, just
past noon and ahead of the storm, when
a detective called his cellphone. He
wanted to look at footage from the ga-
rage’s video cameras. “I told him I just got over the bridge,”
Frank said. “I won’t be back until
Wednesday.” Everything had to wait for
the stormto pass, including homicide
investigations. The whole thing went right out of
Frank’s head, until Wednesday, when
he realized the detective had not called
back. Frank had not caught his name.
He did not know how to work the black
box that replayed the videos, but he
could clearly remember the sticker that
said the footage recorded over itself ev-
ery five days. It had been almost three
days since the killing, and he worried
the police would not remember. But detectives arrived the next day
and took the machine. The storm had
passed, and it was time to attend to a
New Yorker who was killed by some-
thing else that day. One Death
The Storm Did Not Cause
Hurricane Sandy interrupted so much in
New York, including a
homicide investigation.
E-mail: Twitter: @mwilsonnyt MICHAEL
Linda E. McMahon’s campaign for the Unit-
ed States Senate has been good for Bert Vol-
pacchio, who received $494 for a meet-and-greet
with about 40 local officials last May at his res-
taurant, the Hot Tamale, in Seymour, Conn.
It has been great for regular suppliers like
Best Buy, Staples and BJ’s Wholesale Club; for
restaurants that have provided meals for volun-
teers like No Anchovies in Cromwell and the
Sushi Palace in North Haven; for specialty busi-
nesses like Bayview Balloons of Milford, which
got $830 just before the Republican primary;
and for political operatives large and small.
Ms. McMahon may or may not get to influ-
ence job creation as a senator. But she has al-
ready made an impact on the Connecticut econ-
omy by dishing out close to $100 million for two
Senate races over the past three years, far more
than anyone has ever spent of their own money
to win any federal seat. She has long since blown
by the $72 million Ross Perot spent of his own
money on presidential bids in 1992 and 1996. The result is akin to a medium-size business
with roughly 200 employees, a network of 13 of-
fices and a broad constellation of consultants,
marketing experts and advertising firms that in-
clude a who’s who of Republican handlers and
has had a virtual monopoly in the race on the ex-
pensive New York City television market that
reaches southern Connecticut. The biggest re-
cipient thus far has been Scott Howell & Compa-
ny, a Texas media consulting company,which
received $24.7 million, mostly for advertising in
her unsuccessful 2010 race against Richard Blu-
menthal, according to her campaign finance dis-
closure reports.She has spent at least $11 mil-
lion on printing and postage.
Ms. McMahon’s millions at the very least
have taken her from an obscure businesswoman
overshadowed by her husband in her own wres-
tling company into a ubiquitous political brand
in Connecticut. But with recent polls seeming to
showing her Democratic opponent, Representa-
tive Christopher S. Murphy, with a small lead,
whether her spending can produce a Senate seat
in a strongly Democratic state remains unclear.
“It’s bad enough to have ‘super PACs’ go
around and spend whatever they want, but if
you can just buy a Senate seat, I think that’s out-
rageous,” said Lowell P. Weicker Jr., the former
governor and senator who in 1982 became the
last Republican elected to the Senate from Con-
necticut.He has endorsed Mr. Murphy. But Ms. McMahon says that spending her
own money leaves her — unlike Mr. Murphy —
in no one’s debt. “In the Senate I will owe you,
not the special interests who corrupt so many
career politicians from Hartford to Washington,”
she says in one of her campaign ads. Ms. McMahon’s campaign manager, Corry
Bliss, said her spending was not an issue for vot-
ers. “The most important issue in this race is
who has a plan to create jobs,” he said. “That’s
what people care about.”
Ms. McMahon spent almost $50 million,
nearly all of it her own, in her 2010 race. She has
already lent her current campaign $42.6 million,
finance reports show. Candidates may raise
money to pay back such loans, but it is quite like-
ly that most of her loans will not be repaid.
She had outspent Mr. Murphy by more than
four to one at the end of September, but her cam-
paign notes that spending by unions and other
outside groups supporting him narrowed that
gap. (Outside groups, including the national par-
ties, had spent about $8.5 million in support of
Mr. Murphy and less than $1 million for Ms. Mc-
Mahon through Thursday, according to cam-
paign finance records.)
Her receipts vary from a $10.17 charge at
the Dunkin’ Donuts in West Hartford to huge ad-
vertising buys and media costs like a
$1,260,806.25 payment on Sept. 28 to Mentzer
Media Services, just one of several payments to
Mentzer, which buys advertising and has been
the biggest recipient of money in this race. Some payments seem calculated to court
constituencies, like those for ads or event sites
to the Stamford Hispanic Chamber of Com-
merce, the African-American Alliance of Hart-
ford, the Caribbean World Chamber of Com-
merce in Fairfield, the West Indian Foundation
in Bloomfield or the Connecticut Women’s Hall
of Fame in New Haven. She has paid more than $900,000 in payroll
taxes for campaign workers. She has spent more
than $600,000 on paraphernalia like signs, bal-
loons, T-shirts and bumper stickers.
But the biggest categories of expenditures,
as with most campaigns, have been for consult-
ants, pollsters, digital marketing experts and
other political professionals. The centerpiece of Ms. McMahon’s cam-
paign is her jobs plan;she says it would produce
a positive impact on the federal budget of nearly
$1.7 trillion over nine years. The numbers come
from John Dunham & Associates of New York
City,which bills itself as “The Winning Side of
Economics” and got at least three payments to-
taling $56,258. Mr. Dunham is a former tobacco
industry economist who works mostly for trade
groups like the Beer Institute and the National
Chicken Council. (In response, an ad that fea-
tures President Obama praising Mr. Murphy’s
“real record of job creation” will start running
on Saturday,The Associated Press reported.)
Her money has allowed her to employ an
unusually broad range of political consultants,
research and advertising firms, and to afford the
most expensive television buys, including spots
during the Olympics, the World Series and
prime network news shows. She has hired experienced A-list Repub-
lican operatives like Scott Howell, who cites his
work with Lee Atwater and Karl Rove on his
Web site, and McCarthy Hennings Media, which
is best known for the Willie Horton ad going af-
ter Michael S. Dukakis in the 1988 presidential
race and which also works for Restore Our Fu-
ture, the PAC backing Mitt Romney. And the
campaign’s senior consultant is Christopher J.
LaCivita; he was media adviser to the Swift
Boat Veterans for Truth, whose ads questioning
John Kerry’s military service played a critical
role in the 2004 presidential election. A recent Quinnipiac University poll showed
Mr. Murphy with a six-point lead, with partic-
ular gains among women and older voters. It
found that 75 percent of likely voters said they
had seen her ads very often and that 13 percent
had seen them somewhat often. Most accepted
her spending,but 38 percent of voters said they
were very or somewhat concerned about it.
Laura Randall,of Fairfield,said that she
had planned to vote for Ms. McMahon but that
the campaign’s barrage of advertising had
turned her off, “I swear, if I hear, ‘I’m Linda Mc-
Mahon and I approve this message’ one more
time... ’” she said with a grimace. On Route 7 in New Milford, Doug Yeomans
has posted a big, hand-painted sign on his prop-
erty reading: “TELL LINDA McMILLION$
“This is a true David and Goliath story,” he
said. “I have never felt pressed to do something
of this magnitude on my front lawn. But these
are extraordinary times.”
Ray Dalton, who works nearby as an elec-
trician, disagreed. “When I saw that sign go up a
couple days ago, I had to laugh,” he said. “So
Linda McMahon has spent a pile of money on
her campaign. So what? Who cares? That’s
what politicians do.” He added: “She has a burning desire to
make things better. Why else would she want to
spend that kind of money?”
Ms. McMahon lent her campaign another
$3.3 million last week. One thing she has done
differently this time is to finance a sophisticated
turnout operation, including paid staff in minor-
ity neighborhoods that Republicans usually cede
to Democrats. It could be especially important
given the disruption caused by Hurricane
Sandy, but otherwise the storm could blunt the
impact of the advertising.
On NBC on Tuesday night, the news anchor
Brian Williams said: “In this part of the country,
those who do have TV are seeing attack ads
from a woman named Linda McMahon, who’s
running for Senate up in Connecticut — airing
like nothing had changed. Juxtaposed against
the damage, it’s just a very strange time.” Mr. Bliss, the McMahon campaign manger,
said Mr. Murphy and groups supporting him
had also kept up some negative ads. Asked how Ms. McMahon would feel if she
spent close to $100 million of her own money and
lost two elections, Mr. Bliss said,“She is very
proud of the race she’s run, and has every in-
tention of winning this race.”
Linda E. McMahon,at her field office in Farmington, Conn.,on Friday, long since surpassed Ross Perot in personal spending for a federal office.
Personal Cost for 2 Senate Bids: $100 Million
McMahon, Using Her Own Money in Connecticut Races, Breaks Record
Elizabeth Maker, Jo Craven McGinty and Derek
On Route 7 in New Milford, Conn., a big,
hand-painted wooden sign was posted by a
resident in response to the exorbitant
spending by Ms. McMahon, a Republican.
At left is a scene from one of her TV ads.
BEACH, N.J. — John
Schaad, 53 and a longtime
Jersey Shore resident,
was staring out to the sea
and looking shellshocked on the
Boardwalk just across from what
is known as the Sinatra House,
where the sounds of big-band
music waft into the air all sum-
mer long as an endless parade of
people sashay by.
“You know,” he said on Thurs-
day, “used to be no one wanted to
say they were from Jersey. Now
everyone knows the Jersey
Shore. There’s no place like it,
there’s nothing like being on the
Boardwalk in the summer.” “We’ll rebuild it,” said Mr.
Schaad, who owns a landscaping
business, “and it will still be a
fabulous place. It won’t be the
same, but we’ll be back.”
It is not entirely clear when the
127 miles of coast from Sandy
Hook to Cape May went from
funky seaside phantasmagoria to
a sliver of American myth. But
for the hordes of the curious, the
awe-struck and the traumatized
who swarmed Jenkinson’s
Boardwalk here on Thursday,
and for hundreds of thousands of
visitors for whom memories of
the Shore are a part of their emo-
tional wiring, Gov. Chris Christie
got it right this week when he
said: “The level of devastation at
the Jersey Shore is unthinkable.”
In Point Pleasant Beach, a blue
collar, family oriented resort
community, where the Board-
walk constitutes the front yard
for dozens of modest brick
houses facing the ocean and
where other cottages are
crammed in a few feet apart, the
shock was palpable.
People stopped and stared in
shock at what was left of Mar-
tell’s Tiki Bar, where perhaps 70
feet of pier was ripped off and
tossed into the sea. Most of the
houses on the Boardwalk are
boarded up but intact. Cascades
of floodwaters inundated houses
blocks from the sea and the
Boardwalk had the air of a carni-
val turned house of horrors. The
Fun House and the rest are now
dark, dirty and forlorn.
To the south, in the epicenter of
the beachfront damage, is Sea-
side Heights, the raucous party
destination where large sections
of the Boardwalk splintered and
ended up in the ocean, along with
the famous roller coaster. Just to the north of that are La-
vallette and Ortley Beach, where
modest bungalows, seaside man-
sions and relatively new ocean-
front condos were pulverized and
pancaked onto one another. There were casualties to long-
time institutions, large and small.
In Brigantine, just north of Atlan-
tic City, it was not clear if the Rod
and Reel Tavern, a beloved work-
ing class bar whose original liq-
uor license dates to 1936, would
survive two feet of flooding. Joey
Harrison’s Surf Club in Ortley
Beach and Donovan’s Reef in Sea
Bright were among the many
Jersey Shore fixtures that were
devastated by the storm and left
to figure out what would come
next. Also in Sea Bright, a three-
mile barrier beach sandwiched
between the ocean and the
Shrewsbury River, powerful
waves devastated several histor-
ic beach clubs, some beyond re-
pair. Generations of families from
inland towns like Rumson, Fair
Haven and Little Silver came of
age at clubs like the Surfrider,
and Ship Ahoy, with its distinc-
tive navy and white facade, as
well as the oldest and most exclu-
sive, Seabright Beach Club,
founded in 1895. At a nearby high school on
Thursday, the mayor of Sea
Bright, Dina Long, addressed
thousands of residents who had
yet to get back into the communi-
ty, now a disaster area of tossed
cars and battered homes. “Sea
Bright is not gone,” she said. “Sea
Bright is its people. I mean the
beach helps, but it’s us.”
Robert Ilvento surveyed the
damage at his Silverball Museum
Pinball Hall of Fame on the
Boardwalk at Asbury Park. He
said most of his 200 machines
seemed intact, but added that
near his home in Brick, three
houses had burned down during
the storm.
“It’s a catastrophe, a catastro-
phe; you can’t say it any other
way,” he said. “This storm
changes everything.”
Of course, the Jersey Shore is
more diverse than mythology
would have it, with Seaside
Heights, the home base of MTV’s
“Jersey Shore” menagerie; the
dunes, woods and pristine shore-
line of Island Beach State Park;
the Victoriana of Cape May; the
casino empire of Atlantic City;
the mix of poverty and renewal in
Asbury Park; and expensive
places like Bay Head. The dam-
age varied widely in the shore’s
two biggest communities, Atlan-
tic City and Asbury Park, which
largely avoided major damage.
Mr. Ilvento and Anthony
Catanso, president of the Steel
Pier, a 150,000-square-foot
amusement and shopping area in
Atlantic City, said the storm
would force people to rethink
how they build on the shore. Mr.
Catanso, whose pier emerged vir-
tually unscathed, pointed to huge
sand dunes that, he said, helped
save Atlantic City. Mr. Ilvento
cited building height require-
ments and other planning and
zoning requirements likely to be
re-examined in the storm’s wake,
a process given added urgency
by the growth in the population of
retirees and other year-round
“This storm,” Mr. Ilvento said,
“finally coming after years of a
lot of false alarms, is going to
make everyone re-evaluate what
we did in the past.” “I grew up here,” he added.
“I’m tied to this Shore as much as
anyone. But we always feared
this storm and this time it finally
The storm also left some peo-
ple nervously considering how
climate change could be affecting
the beach community.
Dawn Hayes, 40, who was born
in one of the houses lining the
Boardwalk in Point Pleasant
Beach that are passed down from
generation to generation. She
still lives in the house and wor-
ries about how a changing cli-
mate could affect the life she has
known. “The ocean is getting a lot
warmer a lot quicker,” she said.
“If we get a storm like this it just
gets fueled, and that’s what hap-
Still, she added: “Would I
move? No I wouldn’t. I’d miss it.”
The Shore might end up being
a little less funky, a little less a
world of cottages on the Board-
walk, facing the ocean and blar-
ing out Sinatra on a summer
night. But some say Charleston,
S.C., came back stronger after
Hurricane Hugo, New Orleans
survived Hurricane Katrina and
the Jersey Shore will survive
Hurricane Sandy.
“I have faith, I do,” Mr. Schaad,
the landscaper, said. “Right, don’t we have faith?”
he askedDina Fantasia, who was
passing by and gave him an exu-
berant high-five in agreement.
“We’re from Jersey. We’ll re-
build, and things will be good
POINT PLEASANT BEACH JOURNAL A Shared Determination to Rebuild and Restore the Jersey Shore
Many residents from communities along New Jersey’s 127 miles of coast have not yet returned.
Jenkinson’s Boardwalk, left, and other longtime institutions were destroyed. “We’ll rebuild it,”
one resident said, “and it will still be a fabulous place. It won’t be the same, but we’ll be back.”
It was one of the subway sys-
tem’s glistening jewels, the mod-
ern descendant of a century-old
hub greeting New Yorkers at the
tip of Lower Manhattan.
But on Friday, the South Ferry
station was navigable only by
flashlight. Sea grass wrapped
around a telephone cord, con-
nected to a worker’s booth.
Wooden boards as long as 15
feet, some still bundled together
by black wire, lay scattered
across the mezzanine. No one is
sure where they came from.
Chunks of a concrete wall had
floated some 150 feet, through a
turnstile, it seemed, around a cor-
ner, and down a flight of stairs
funneling toward the platform for
the No. 1 train.
As the Metropolitan Transpor-
tation Authority scrambles to get
much of its system back to work,
there are few dots on the subway
map more wounded than this
one. Earlier in the week, Joseph
J. Lhota, the authority’s chair-
man, said that water was “literal-
ly up to the ceiling” at the station,
which is connected to the R train
station at Whitehall Street.
On Friday, 20 to 25 feet of water
remained above track level, said
Frank Jezycki, the authority’s
chief infrastructure officer for
subways, as he led a small tour.
The surface of the pools sloshed
about four steps up at the higher
of two staircases leading down to
the platform.
“We don’t know what’s down-
stairs yet,” Mr. Jezycki said.
Upstairs, on the mezzanine lev-
el, a mound had formed at the
foot of the staircase that begins
opposite the Whitehall Ferry Ter-
A blue recycling bin, a Village
Voice newspaper box, plastic or-
ange barriers — all were among
Hurricane Sandy’s deliveries,
carried in from the sidewalks and
down the station steps.
Other relics were more difficult
to identify. Amid a wooden beam
and jagged hunks of concrete
was what appeared to be a piece
of fruit. “I think it’s a lemon,” said
Sally Librera, the subway depart-
ment’s vice president for opera-
tions support. Beyond the turnstiles, near a
staircase, a deli menu was pinned
to the ground, sealed soggily in
A concrete slab with ceramic
tiles sat atop another heap: “To
Whitehall S,” the tiles read in
white lettering with a two-way
arrow beneath the words. The “t”
could not be found.
For now, the detritus is of sec-
ondary concern. There is still wa-
ter to be pumped out and, just as
critically, equipment to be
checked for damage. Mr. Jezycki,
with bags under his eyes and a
cellphone device in his ear, listed
the areas that might be affected:
“The signaling system, the elec-
tronic systems, the public ad-
dress systems, the switches, the
track way, the ventilation system,
the mechanical system.”
He turned his head from the
rubble. “It’s system upon sys-
tem,” he said.
At the station’s “loop track,” a
stretch used by trains to turn
around, workers walked beside
the rails, pointing a flashlight be-
low. A trickle echoed along the
“It’s an extremely dangerous
environment,” Mr. Jezycki said.
“The tunnels are dark, the tun-
nels are wet. They’re very slip-
pery. There’s fumes every-
Much of the damage to the sub-
way system is concentrated in its
under-river tunnels, connecting
Manhattan to Brooklyn and
Queens. Few stations themselves
suffered such devastation, Mr.
“South Ferry is a terminal sta-
tion,” he said. “The train line
ends right at a wall, so there’s no-
where else for the water to go,
just to fill up the station.”
Besides the wall, its ceramic
stripped away at the base of a
street-level staircase, a handrail
was mangled, unhinged from the
stairs and tumbling onto the mez-
zanine, with branches clinging to
its bars.
The MetroCard machines were
not spared, either. Water had got-
ten behind the touch-screens,
some of which were pocked with
pieces of white foam. Mr. Jezycki
attributed this to static electrici-
ty, squinting as he trained his
flashlight on the screens.
“It’s a state-of-the-art facility,”
he had said earlier, alluding to
the station’s extensive renova-
tions, completed in 2009.
But while some stations were
expected to flicker back to life af-
ter power returned to Lower
Manhattan this weekend, South
Ferry is unlikely to be joining
them soon.
Mr. Jezycki said many work-
ers, straining to repair this sta-
tion and other corners of the sys-
tem, had not been home since
Sunday. He was among the fortu-
“I made it home last night,” he
said. “Slept for four hours.”
Where Ferry Riders Met Subway, the Hudson and Debris Now Block the Way
A stairway in the South Ferry subway station barely hints at the damage suspected below, where flooding prevents inspections.
A live update on
transportation, power,
damage and other storm-related
developments around the region:
sists on food stamps and $661 in
monthly Social Security pay-
ments, outside her building in
Red Hook, Brooklyn. “My son is
on Staten Island and they have
the same problem.” Thousands of public housing
residents in New York City defied
evacuation orders because they
underestimated the ferocity of
Hurricane Sandy;now they
make up a city within a city,
marked by acute need. Any bath-
tubs filled with water on Monday
are empty. Unflushed toilets
stink. Elderly people with creaky
joints are marooned on upper
floors. Batteries are running out. An estimated 400,000 New
Yorkers live in public housing
and many of their institutional
brown brick buildings hug the
On Thursday, 227 of the 2,600
buildings operated by the New
York City Housing Authority re-
mained without power, according
to an agency spokeswoman, in-
cluding many in low-lying neigh-
borhoods like Coney Island in
Brooklyn, Rockaway Beach in
Queens, and Alphabet City in
Manhattan, the areas most seri-
ously affected by the storm.
“The higher the rises, the more
families, the more problems,”
said Ninibet Rodriguez, 44, who
fled the La Guardia Houses on
the Lower East Side of Manhat-
tan to take refuge in another pow-
erless building in the nearby
Vladeck Houses. In the meantime, heroes
emerged among public housing
residents, with those well pre-
pared and able helping those who
were not. As light drained from the skies
above the Red Hook Houses in
Brooklyn on Thursday, Sharlyn
Marin, 18, huffed her way up 140
steps to visit her godmother, Ju-
dith Rodriguez, on the 10th floor.
Blind and in a wheelchair, Ms.
Rodriguez, 62, relied on Ms. Ma-
rin as her sole conduit to the out-
side world. Three floors up, Carmen Jime-
nez, 48, cowered in the descend-
ing darkness. She had not left her
apartment since the storm ar-
rived and depended on her neigh-
bor, Jacqueline Fuentes, 47, for
food and water. Ms. Fuentes, a
bus driver for the Metropolitan
Transportation Authority, had
also lighted candles in the hall-
way, so her neighbors could see. On the Lower East Side, at the
Baruch Houses, neighbors
helped an older woman down
flights of stairs because she was
feeling ill. An ambulance emer-
gency worker gave the woman
oxygen and the neighbors helped
her back up to her apartment.
“There’s a sense of communi-
ty,” said Darryl MacCullum, 24,
who lives at the Jacob Riis
Houses in the East Village, where
the tidal surge had, for a time,
ringed the buildings like moats.
“Neighbors I usually don’t talk
to, I talk to now.”
The residents cooked for each
other, eager to not waste food
that was thawing fast. At the Red
Hook Houses on Wednesday
night, there was an impromptu
outdoor barbecue for 25 people,
with hamburgers, frankfurters
and ribs sizzling on grills. Open hydrants in Coney Island
and at East Sixth Street and Ave-
nue D became lifelines, drawing
residents on foot and skate-
boards to fill buckets and bottles,
which were then hauled up dark-
ened stairways for use as drink-
ing water, for baths, and for flush-
ing festering toilets. Desperation also set in. In the
East Village, after workers at a
market on Avenue C threw
bagged food into a large metal
container not far from the Jacob
Riis Houses, people began paw-
ing through it for edible items,
pulling out chocolate bars and
pasta, among other things. In Co-
ney Island, near the public hous-
ing there, looters broke into a
pharmacy, a bank branch and a
Some vented their anger de-
spite the presence of volunteers
who showed up with ice, water
and food. “We’ve been left for
dead here,” said Charles Richie,
50, who has lived in Red Hook
houses for half his life. “We’re liv-
ing day by day.” A few residents shrugged off
the hardship, acknowledging that
they had been told to evacuate
and now were paying the price. “It’s just an inconvenience.
Half the world does not have
electricity,” said Ralph Lopez, 73,
as he shuffled slowly along the
sidewalk outside the Red Hook
Houses with his plump Chihua-
hua, Pepe. “I grew up in a cold-
water flat with no heat at all. And
this is just for a week. So boohoo.” Fear of the dark was rampant.
There was no emergency lighting
in powerless buildings, and while
the police had set up some flood-
lights, most hallways and stair-
wells were windowless — making
them pitch black even in daytime.
Miriam Williams, 47, had twist-
ed her ankle and scraped her
hand falling down a set of con-
crete stairs at the Red Hook
houses. In the Rutgers Houses,
on the Lower East Side,people
said there had been robberies in
the stairwells. Robert Davis, 70, who lives in
the La Guardia Houses, said
someone was pretending to be a
police officer, blinding people
with a bright flashlight, asking
for ID and then taking their wal-
lets. Ms. Leon, of the Coney Is-
land Houses, said someone tried
to break in the night of the storm
by pulling screws out of the front
door knob, so she used a baby
gate and a knife, jammed into a
lock, to keep the door shut. “When you walk in the build-
ing, you don’t know who is wait-
ing for you,” said a young man
named Charles, standing with
friends outside the Vladeck
Houses on the Lower East Side,
explaining that the lobby door did
not lock automatically without
power. Police cars have been patrol-
ling the housing projects but offi-
cers have not been getting out of
their cars, one of his friends said.
“They are as scared as us,” he
Using a lantern and a candle for illumination,Landswan Elam, 13, right, played chess with Joseph Williams in the seventh-floor hallway of a public housing unit in Red Hook, Brooklyn, Thursday.
In the City’s Public Housing Projects, Fear Creeps In With the Darkness From Page A1
Richard Bates fried chicken on a gas burner for family and neighbors in the Red Hook Houses, where the power is still out. By WINNIE HU
As if a spigot had been turned
on again, gas began flowing
through the New York City re-
gion on Friday as state and fed-
eral officials stepped up their ef-
forts to bring relief to frustrated
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said
there was “no reason to panic”
about gas shortages caused by
Hurricane Sandy, which forced
the temporary closing of New
York Harbor because of debris,
and damaged or cut off power to
distribution centers and termi-
nals. The harbor was partly re-
opened to ships on Thursday.
Mr. Cuomo said tankers and
other vessels were once again en
route to their destinations across
the region — including a large
barge carrying millions of gallons
bound for Newburgh, N.Y. In ad-
dition, the Port of New York and
New Jersey reopened on Thurs-
day for vessels carrying gasoline. “There should be a real change
in position, and people should see
it quickly,” Governor Cuomo said.
In New Jersey, drivers in the
northern half of the state will be
limited to buying gas on odd- or
even-numbered days, depending
on the last digit of their license
plates.Gov. Chris Christie or-
dered the rationing, which will
begin at noon on Saturday, be-
cause of long lines at many sta-
By midafternoon, some drivers
posted comments on Twitter that
gas stations in New Jersey were
back in business, and in some
cases, had not-so-bad lines of a
dozen or so cars.
But in towns and cities across
the region, gas station managers
told stories of people coming to
beg for a few drops of gas to run
their cars and home generators a
little longer — when there was
simply no more gas to be had. “Why wasn’t there a plan right
away to get the gas flowing?”
said Chaim Tzik, the manager of
a Getty station in Monsey, N.Y.,
which ran out of gas Thursday
night. “Wednesday was bad,
Thursday was worse, and now
it’s much worse. I saw more peo-
ple crying the last two days than
I ever saw before.”
In New York City, the line of
taxis and livery cabs at a Hess
station on 10th Avenue and 44th
Street stretched on for too many
blocks to count. Gas stations in
Brooklyn and Queens were
blocked off after their supplies
were exhausted. In New Jersey, drivers who got
in line at a station on the New
Jersey Turnpike at 4 a.m. waited
two hours to fill their tanks.
Some New York City agencies
resorted to filling up vehicles at
pumps at police station houses. Michael Watt, executive direc-
tor of the Long Island Gasoline
Retailers Association, said that
he had not yet seen any improve-
“It takes a couple of days for
the fuel to get through the sys-
tem,” he said. “It’s not going to be
resolved in the next 24 hours, but
knowing that the fuel is coming
can take the thorn out of the
Mr. Watt estimated that more
than 60 percent of the 6,000 gas
stations in Nassau and Suffolk
Counties remained without pow-
er, unable to pump gas they have.
To help move gasoline faster to
customers, Mr. Cuomo said he
was waiving a requirement that
fuel tankers docking in New York
register and pay a tax before un-
loading. Separately, Janet Napoli-
tano, the homeland security sec-
retary,temporarily waived a law
limiting the ships that are al-
lowed to transport oil and cargo
between American ports.
“This was a major, major as-
sault by mother nature that we
went through,” Mr. Cuomo said,
“and it’s not going to be a one- or
two- or three-day situation.” “A little patience,” he added,“a
little compassion, a little under-
standing, should make it better
for everyone.”
Some municipalities were tak-
ing their own steps to cope with
the gas shortage.
On Thursday, Yonkers began
limiting gasoline sales to 10 gal-
lons per customer in any 24-hour
period; the rationing does not ap-
ply to emergency vehicles,
schools buses or commercial
trucks carrying food, water, fuel
or medical supplies. At least 10
Yonkers gas stations were al-
ready out of gas, according to
Yonkers’s mayor.
Cuomo Waives a Tax to Allow Docking Tankers to Unload Their Fuel More Quickly
Federal authorities moved to re-
store supplies, turning to the De-
fense Department to deliver 24
million gallons of extra fuel to the
region. Business Day, Page B1.
Adam Goodman spent Friday
afternoon threading his way up
darkened staircases to reach old-
er people stranded by power fail-
ures in the high-rises of Midtown
East. Maribeth Dono baked ba-
nana bread and cupcakes for a
Girl Scouts bake sale to benefit a
shelter in Park Slope, Brooklyn.
Tammy Shapiro helped manage a
swirl of volunteers arriving at a
relief distribution center in Sun-
set Park, Brooklyn, sending them
out to battered neighborhoods.
Across the city, New Yorkers
who had found each other
through Facebook and Twitter,
churches and community groups,
City Hall and local elected offi-
cials, tried in ways small and
large to ease the devastation left
by Hurricane Sandy. Several vol-
unteers said the relief provided
by their small-scale community
efforts was the first to arrive in
some of the most hard-hit parts of
the city, outpacing large organ-
izations like the Red Cross and
the Federal Emergency Manage-
ment Agency.
From the city’s boardrooms,
corporations and foundations
pledged money to help relief ef-
forts and in rebuilding. Mayor
Michael R. Bloomberg an-
nounced on Friday that $10 mil-
lion had been donated to the
Mayor’s Fund to Advance New
York City, from the Hess Corpo-
ration, Time Warner and other
donors.A new Brooklyn Recov-
ery Fund, organized by the presi-
dent of the borough and its
Chamber of Commerce, said it
had raised $400,000 from the
Brooklyn Nets and other donors,
and asked Brooklynites to pitch
Many other organizations
reached out for pledges. The
United Way began a Hurricane
Sandy recovery fund and an-
nounced it would be coordinating
some of the city’s relief efforts.
The archdioceses of New York
and Boston asked parishes for
special collections and prayers. Still, volunteers reported that
the immediate needs seemed to
dwarf the on-the-ground efforts.
As Mr. Goodman, 25, made his
way up staircases on Friday us-
ing his iPhone as a flashlight to
deliver hot meals to homebound
elderly for Chabad, the Orthodox
Jewish movement, he said he
saw no other such relief efforts in
the warren of towers of Midtown
East. In Lower Manhattan,
where 150 volunteers fanned out
to help people in middle-income
complexes without power, Julie
Menin, the former councilwoman
who helped organize the effort,
described the situation as “a dire
“Some of these seniors were in
tears,” she said, adding that she
had noticed no organized city
plan to reach them. “Many peo-
ple had almost no water left. A
number of them needed emer-
gency medical attention. They
were frightened to come out and
go down 20 stories in the dark.”
In Brooklyn, the Occupy Wall
Street movement transformed it-
self into an impromptu disaster
relief organization, online at By Friday after-
noon, cars were lining up and
parking at all angles outside St.
Jacobi Church in Sunset Park, a
distribution center, to drop off
food, clothing, cleaning supplies
and other necessities. Volunteers
packed into cars to head out to
distribution locations around the
city and in New Jersey.
One of the Occupy movement’s
most critical outposts is in the
Rockaways on Beach 113th
Street, said Ms. Shapiro, an or-
ganizer. The group began work-
ing with a local organization,
Yana, on Wednesday night to
form a relief center, bringing
blankets, fruit, pasta and burri-
tos. The Red Cross reported Friday
that it had a mobile feeding cen-
ter in the Rockaways, one of 80
now in the region, but two days
earlier, they were nowhere in
sight, Moshe Frank, 26, said. He
had driven his own car down to
Breezy Point from Flatbush that
day, and had offered residents
rides, granola bars, candles,
matches and bottles of water. He
had created a Web site,,where volunteers
could sign up and be matched
with specific tasks.
Mr. Frank said his own mother
and brother had been saved by
firefighters 18 years ago from a
fatal fire, and he saw his effort as
a way to give back in a place
where many firefighters live. Waves of people turned up at
the Good Old Lower East Side or-
ganization to deliver food and
water to people who could not
make it to distribution sites. Elev-
en artisan-food trucks sponsored
by JetBlue gave out free food
around the city. A Girl Scout
troop set up a bake sale outside
the Fort Hamilton F train stop in
Windsor Terrace, wanting to help
in some way, said Ms. Dono, the
troop leader. Inside the Park Slope Armory,
where the bake sale proceeds
would be directed, volunteers
signed up with the city for eight-
hour shifts to tend to hundreds of
evacuated older people.
As the major relief efforts con-
tinued to move forward, there
was hope that the needs would be
dented. Between the National
Guard, the Salvation Army and
the city, Mr. Bloomberg said,
“something like 290,000 meals
and nearly half a million bottles
of water” had been given out on
Thursday alone.
But it was a sign of the continu-
ing desperation of the situation,
particularly on Staten Island,
that Mr. Bloomberg’s decision to
cancel the New York City Mara-
thon was applauded by many. Earlier, the mayor had de-
scribed the race as a boon to re-
lief, noting that the race’s spon-
sor, the Road Runners Club, had
donated $1 million to the city’s
fund. With the race called off, the
mayor’s office announced via
Twitter that New York Road Run-
ners would now donate food and
supplies from the marathon to
hurricane relief efforts.
Volunteers sorted through donated goods on Friday at the Dry Dock Playground in Lower Manhattan. The items will go to people in need because of the storm.
Relief Efforts of All Sizes and Forms Spring Up Across New York
American Red Cross
Brooklyn Recovery Fund
Mayor’s Fund to Advance New York City
Salvation Army
United Way Sandy Recovery Fund
Ways to Help
The following agencies are among those accepting contributions to
assist people affected by Hurricane Sandy:
The main floor of the National
September 11 Memorial Museum,
still under construction nearly 70
feet below the memorial plaza at
the World Trade Center, filled
with at least seven feet of water
during the storm, its president
said Friday. The flooding nearly
immersed two fire trucks that
have already been placed in the
museum and it surrounded the
symbolic last column taken from
the twin towers.
“It was shocking,” said Joseph
C. Daniels, the president and
chief executive of the National
September 11 Memorial and Mu-
seum. He said he had gone to bed on
Monday believing the museum
was safe. He awakened on Tues-
day to word that the site had
flooded overnight. Later that day,
he witnessed it himself from a
balcony overlooking the enor-
mous Foundation Hall on the
main floor, now filled with thick,
black water on which wood
planks and other debris floated.
Four days earlier, Mr. Daniels
had been standing in the hall with
members of the memorial foun-
dation board, showing them ren-
derings and explaining which dis-
plays would go where. Construc-
tion was finally resuming on the
museum after the resolution of a
protracted financing dispute be-
tween the foundation, of which
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg is
chairman, and the Port Authority
of New York and New Jersey,
which is partly controlled by Gov.
Andrew M. Cuomo. The authority
owns the World Trade Center site
and is building the museum on
behalf of the foundation.
The view from the balcony
showed water reaching almost to
the top of the fire truck used by
Engine Company 21 to respond to
the attack in 2001, and the truck
on which Ladder Company 3 ar-
rived. A Fire Department ambu-
lance was also surrounded with
water. All three had been shrink-
wrapped in plastic before they
were installed in the museum.
With the floodwaters still stand-
ing, there was no way on Friday
to assess how much additional
damage the already battered ve-
hicles had sustained, or whether
the plastic enclosure had protect-
ed them.
The archipelago of partly sub-
merged artifacts includes the last
column of the original twin tow-
ers. This 58-ton piece, more than
36 feet high, was removed with
funereal ceremony in May 2002 to
symbolize the end of the first
phase of recovery, the clearance
of the World Trade Center site. It
was then stored in a climate-
controlled area of Hangar 17 at
Kennedy International Airport
while undergoing conservation.
It is still in a climate-controlled
enclosure, so its condition has not
been assessed. Many of the per-
sonal effects that had been taped
to the column were removed long
ago for safekeeping. But the col-
umn is also covered in spray-
painted graffiti from first re-
sponders, rescuers and recovery
The last column, the steel
cross, the damaged vehicles and
the so-called survivors’ stairway
were all hoisted down into the
subterranean museum during
the early phases of construction.
They could not have been moved
in after the completion of the me-
morial plaza, which doubles as
the museum rooftop.
Mr. Daniels said Friday that
the pumping out of the museum
was “fully under way,” but that it
was too early to say when con-
struction might resume or, for
that matter, when the Sept. 11 me-
morial might reopen to visitors.
Floodwater Pours Into 9/11 Museum, Hampering Further Work on the Site
The National September 11 Memorial Museum, below the me-
morial plaza at the World Trade Center,was flooded.
The American Red Cross
struggled on Friday to reassure
beleaguered New York City resi-
dents that its disaster-relief ef-
forts were at last getting up to
speed, after the agency’s delayed
arrival in devastated areas of
Staten Island, Brooklyn and
Queens drew intense criticism.
As of Friday, the Red Cross
said, 25 of its emergency re-
sponse vehicles — retrofitted am-
bulances each carrying 2,000
pounds of water, meals and
snacks — had begun making
their way through the hardest hit
parts of the five boroughs. More
were on the way, the agency
promised. The Red Cross had not yet
opened the three temporary mo-
bile kitchens that it announced on
Thursday would be set up on
Staten Island, in Riis Park in the
Rockaways, and at the Aqueduct
racetrack in Queens, the agency
confirmed. The kitchens, which
can produce 10,000 meals a day,
would begin operating by Satur-
day, it said.
The organization’s response to
Hurricane Sandy came under fire
from public officials and volun-
teers, beginning with a televised
tirade on Thursday by James P.
Molinaro, the Staten Island bor-
ough president; he called the
agency’s apparent absence from
the relief effort an “absolute dis-
grace” and called on residents to
stop donating money to the Red
Mr. Molinaro described visit-
ing a shelter and seeing people
arriving barefoot. “They were in desperate
need,” he said. “Their housing
was destroyed. They were cry-
ing. Where was the Red Cross?
Isn’t that their function?”
Josh Lockwood, the chief exec-
utive officer for the Red Cross in
the New York region,said that
the first eight Red Cross trucks
had arrived on Staten Island
shortly before Mr. Molinaro’s
broadside. “We moved as fast as we hu-
manly could, we really did,” Mr.
Lockwood said in a telephone in-
terview. Reached late Friday, Mr.
Molinaro said he was satisfied
with the organization’s response.
“They’re here now,” he said.
“People are being fed, they’re be-
ing clothed. Let’s not talk about
What the Red Cross lacked in
speed it seemed to make up for in
explanations: Spokesmen said
the agency had pre-positioned its
disaster-aid trucks out of the
storm’s path, as near as Middle-
town, N.Y., in Orange County, and
Tinton Falls, N.J., and as far
away as Harrisburg, Pa., and Bal-
timore. Mr. Lockwood said the
trucks had been delayed by the
same traffic backups and detours
that all New Yorkers were facing.
One Red Cross spokesman also
sought to shift blame for the or-
ganization’s slow response to the
Bloomberg administration. In an
interview on NY1 on Thursday,
the spokesman, Sam Kille, re-
sponded to questions by repeat-
edly saying that the Red Cross
was merely following emergen-
cy-response plans “drawn up by
the New York City Office of
Emergency Management.”
Mr. Kille did not mention that
the Red Cross played a role in for-
mulating those plans.
Mr. Lockwood did not disavow
Mr. Kille’s statements, but did not
repeat them. “I’m not interested
in pointing fingers at all,” he said.
“What’s important to me is the
people of Staten Island needed
help, and need help. We’ve got to
provide it. We’re going to be
there for the long haul.”
Mr. Lockwood added that four
tractor-trailers carrying 120,000
pounds of food had begun un-
loading on Staten Island on Fri-
day. He said 16 converted ambu-
lances, along with 15 locally
based box trucks,would be hand-
ing out water and food there by
Yet worrisome glimpses of the
overall Red Cross effort contin-
ued to emerge. Some Red Cross
volunteers told of wild-goose
chases to remote locations with
hours out in the cold and few if
any people to serve.In parts of
the Rockaways,residents said
that Red Cross trucks were no-
where to be seen on Friday.
James O’Connell, the logistics
coordinator for a 40-person
search-and-rescue nonprofit
group that was volunteering in
Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Is-
land, called the Red Cross re-
sponse to the storm “a figment of
everyone’s imagination.” “I’ve come across one Red
Cross canteen truck on Staten Is-
land last night,” Mr. O’Connell
said. “Two people inside. They
said, ‘Hey, how you doing?’ And
then they asked us for drinking
water.” He added: “I have tremendous
respect for what they’ve done in
the past. They have simply
dropped the damn ball here.”
Anger Grows At Response By Red Cross
In Coney Island, using phones supplied by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
tor, late Friday. “This isn’t the
year or the time to run it,” she
Patience also wore thin in oth-
er parts of the New York area
amid lines that were once again
painfully long — lines for free
meals, lines for buses to take peo-
ple where crippled subways
could not, lines for gasoline that
stretched 30 blocks in Brooklyn. Hand-lettered signs in hard-hit
areas struck a plaintive note:
“FEMA please help us,” read one
in Broad Channel, Queens. In Ho-
boken, N.J., one was addressed to
Gov. Chris Christie: “Gov. Chris
— where is the help $$$$”
Ethel Liebeskind of Merrick,
N.Y., echoed that idea as she
stood in the storm-tossed ruins of
the house she had lived in for 26
years. “This is as bad as Katri-
na,” she said, “and they got glo-
bal attention. The South Shore of
Long Island should be treated the
same way. Don’t forget us on the
South Shore of Long Island. We
need help.” There was more grim news on
Staten Island, where rescuers
pulled two bodies from another
house in the Midland Beach
neighborhood, about two miles
from the Verrazano-Narrows
Bridge. Neighbors who had been
hauling their ruined furniture
and trash to the street watched
as two body bags were taken out
of a house on Olympia Boulevard.
The two victims were not im-
mediately identified. They
brought to 40 the official count of
people who died as rampaging
wind drove a wall of water into
the city on Monday night.
On Staten Island, which even
in good times is often referred to
as the city’s forgotten borough,
desperation and anger was espe-
cially intense. David Sylvester, 50, returned
to his house in Midland Beach —
he had left it the mayor issued
evacuation orders for low-lying
areas, and it burned down when a
power line shorted out during the
storm — and criticized the gov-
ernment and relief agencies for
not arriving fast enough. He said that not until late
Thursday afternoon did anyone
from the Federal Emergency
Management Agency stop by,
and then the man said he should
make an appointment. “First he
told me to go on the Internet,” Mr.
Sylvester said, “and I said,
‘Where should I plug it in?’”
The secretary of homeland se-
curity, Janet Napolitano, visited
Staten Island and defended the
federal government’s response to
Hurricane Sandy, saying relief
supplies were close by before the
storm and were ready to be deliv-
ered once it cleared out.
Staten Island, she acknowl-
edged, “took a particularly hard
hit.” She said 1.6 million meals
and 7.1 million liters of water had
been “positioned” before the
storm to be distributed afterward
in New York. She said 657 hous-
ing inspectors were already at
work in New York and 3,200
FEMA employees had been sent
to the Northeast. Other government officials
asked for patience, even as they
imposed new restrictions: Gover-
nor Christie announced an odd-
even gas rationing system in 12
New Jersey counties.
Still, there were some promis-
ing developments. Mr. Bloom-
berg said that “most” of Manhat-
tan would have power again by
midnight Friday, although he said
that other parts of the city that
were still dark — and where elec-
tricity comes from overhead lines
— would have to wait “a lot long-
er.” New Jersey Transit started
running partial rail service, more
of the Metro-North Railroad sys-
tem came back to life and the
Staten Island Ferry started criss-
crossing the harbor again.
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said
the city had made “great
progress,” with service restored
to about half of the two million
customers who lost electricity
during the storm. But his morn-
ing briefing hinted at the realities
of disaster recovery as he leav-
ened encouragement with cau-
tion. He said that turning the power
back on in Lower Manhattan
would be a “big step forward” for
transportation serving the area,
but he also said it “did not mean
that every light” would work, be-
cause electrical systems in some
buildings had been damaged. He said ports would reopen
and that tankers carrying gaso-
line were on the way, so the gas
shortages would diminish. He
also said he had approved waiv-
ers so that fuel tankers would not
have to register or pay state tax-
es, as they normally do — moves
he said should speed the dis-
tribution of fuel to gas stations.
But he offset that announcement
with a sober warning: ““It is not
going to get better overnight. It is
not going to be a one- or two- or
three-day situation.” TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The body of one of two of storm victims in a home in south Staten Island being removed on Friday, four days after the hurricane. Most storm-related deaths in New York were on Staten Island.
Emotions Fray as Anger Grows With Hardships; Marathon Is Canceled
From Page A1
ources: Paul J. Browne, New York Police De
New York C
ity O
ffice of Emergency Managemen
fficials gave no specific location for several deaths
eaths on S
taten Islan
le died in New York Cit
as a result of Hurricane Sand
, the Police Department said Friday. More than hal
those, 22, were on S
taten Island
Beatris Spagnola, 80, and Anastasia Rispoli, 73, drowned when Grimsby Avenue flooded. Many of those who died were elderly.
Brendan and Connor Moore, ages 2 and 4, drowned when their mother lost hold of them in
a wave. On Monday night, a 13-year-old girl was found dead in her pajamas; the body of her father was discovered the next day in a wooded area a few blocks away.
Areas of mandatory evacuation Reported deaths
Reporting on the storm was
contributed by Ruth Ba-
shinsky, David W. Chen,
Annie Correal, Lisa W. Fod-
eraro, Michael M. Gryn-
baum, Danny Hakim,
Thomas Kaplan, Randy
Leonard, Christopher
Maag, Sarah Maslin Nir,
Colin Moynihan, William K.
Rashbaum, Liz Robbins,
Mosi Secret, Stacey Stowe
and Jeremy D. Zilar.
Four dark days after Hurri-
cane Sandy blew through the
New York region, residents
and businesses in the lower
end of Manhattan began to get
power back on Friday.
Consolidated Edison got
electricity flowing to the East
Village area around 5 p.m. and
in the Chelsea neighborhood
about 45 minutes later. Con Ed
hoped to turn on the rest of the
networks that had shut down
when a storm surge flooded a
substation on Monday. The power restoration was
one of many steps the utility
company had to take to get
power back for all of its cus-
tomers, many of whom might
have to wait another week. Con
Edison’s crews were racing to
make good on a promise that
company executives made to
restore power to all of Manhat-
tan before Saturday.
The network in the East Vil-
lage, known as Cooper Square,
serves about 67,000 customers
between 14th and Canal
Streets. The Chelsea network
serves an additional 25,000 cus-
tomers between 14th and 31st
Streets on the West Side. They were among more than
220,000 customers below 39th
Street who lost power. In other boroughs and in the
suburbs, the prognosis for full
restoration was grimmer. Con
Ed said it could take until mid-
November to bring electricity
back to all of its customers,
particularly those whose con-
nections were ripped down by
trees or branches in Westches-
ter County; about 120,000 cus-
tomers there had no power.
On Long Island, more than
500,000 customers of the Long
Island Power Authority still
had no power on Friday
evening, or any estimate of
when it would return.
In New Jersey, Public Serv-
ice Electric and Gas had re-
stored power to over a million
customers by Friday morning,
but nearly 700,000 still had no
electricity by night. Jersey
Central Power and Light had
over 685,000 customers without
electricity on Friday night.
In Connecticut, repairs were
moving quickly. Only about
140,000 customers of Connecti-
cut Light and Power still had
no power. Lights Are Coming Back in Lower Manhattan
Hurricane Sandy
brings a region close
to a breaking point.
People looking for salvageable food discarded from a flooded store, above left, in Coney Island, Brooklyn, on Friday. In the Broad Channel section of Queens, a sign pleaded for help from the Federal
Emergency Management Agency. Anger mounted over gasoline shortages and delays in restoring electricity. Facing criticism, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg canceled the New York City Marathon.
CHICAGO — Adrienne Baker
walked down the aisle on her
wedding day in August wearing
high heels, a strapless ruffled
dress and a slender white wrist-
band. Her groom,
Austin Vitt, aug-
mented his dark
suit with the same
accessory. So did
many of their 140
Moments later, when the cere-
mony began, the divinity student
who was officiating offered the
first reading. It was a selection
that the soon-to-be Mr. and Ms.
Vitt considered the secular equiv-
alent of Scripture, excerpts from
a ruling by the Massachusetts
Supreme Court in the case of
Goodridge v. Department of Pub-
lic Health.
“Without the right to choose to
marry,” the officiant, Julie Max-
well, intoned, “one is excluded
from the full range of human ex-
perience.” In other words, as the
court concluded in the 2003 deci-
sion, same-sex marriage is a le-
gal and civil right. As for the deli-
cate wrist ribbons, they were Ms.
Vitt’s adaptation of the white-
knot logo for the marriage-equal-
ity movement.
The Vitts embody a movement
within that movement. They are
among the increasing number of
heterosexual couples who are us-
ing their weddings to urge sup-
port for gay marriage. While
much of the heat and light in this
election season has centered on
four states with ballot measures
on same-sex marriage — Maine,
Maryland, Minnesota and Wash-
ington — social change is being
advanced by newlyweds using
the moral and religious force of
the wedding ceremony.
“We already knew it was im-
portant because it was right,” Ms.
Vitt, 29, recalled in a recent inter-
view. “But when we were plan-
ning the wedding, we kept asking
ourselves, ‘How do we convey
the weight and significance of
this issue?’” Sitting beside her in
the couple’s Chicago apartment,
Mr. Vitt, 28, added, “We wanted
everything that was in the cere-
mony to mean something.”
In that aspiration, they have
some illustrious company. When
the actress Anne Hathaway mar-
ried her longtime boyfriend,
Adam Shulman,in a ceremony
combining Episcopal and Jewish
elements last Septem-
ber, she authorized the
sale of wedding photo-
graphs to benefit the ad-
vocacy group Freedom
to Marry, as well as
three charities. Freedom
to Marry, in fact, created
a marital registry two
years ago, and since then the ma-
jority of donations to it have
come from heterosexual wed-
Many such couples, like the
Vitts, incorporate readings from
court decisions on same-sex mar-
riage. Others hand out lapel pins
with the white-knot logo, which
are produced by the advocacy or-
ganization Some
ask guests to sign petitions or
open letters supporting gay mar-
riage. The reception after one
wedding at Judson Memorial
Church in Manhattan in July fea-
tured a band named the Gay
Agenda, a puckish swipe at that
standard right-wing line.
“Ritual, whether religious or
otherwise, is very important,”
said Evan Wolfson, the executive
director of Freedom to Marry.
“The vocabulary of commitment
and love is part of why we want
marriage. And the language of
the wedding itself — connection,
holding each other accountable
— is part of what binds us. When
people think about gay marriage
at a straight wedding, they un-
derstand why it’s so im-
portant for us to have
that right.”
Ms. Vitt’s passion for
the issue was virtually
preordained. Her par-
ents, Steven and Pamela
Baker, made an interra-
cial marriage in 1982, just
15 years after the Supreme Court
overturned numerous state laws
against it. Ms. Vitt grew up hear-
ing their stories about encounter-
ing undiminished suspicion and
hostility — being pulled over by
the highway police in Connecti-
cut, ordered to show identifica-
tion to officers while visiting the
Gateway Arch in St. Louis. During her own childhood,
even in relatively tolerant Minne-
apolis, Ms. Vitt was once asked
about her darker-skinned moth-
er, “Is that your nanny?” A cus-
tomer in a pie shop, correctly rec-
ognizing Adrienne as biracial, in-
formed the girl that she was go-
ing to hell.
“The constant theme was that
it was unnatural,” said Ms. Vitt,
who now works as a social media
specialist for an interfaith organi-
zation. “People would say to in-
terracial couples, ‘Are you going
to have kids?’”
So when Ms. Vitt, in her young
adulthood, increasingly heard
gay marriage and gay families
disparaged in nearly identical
ways, her solidarity was stirred.
She found a kindred spirit in Mr.
Vitt, a high school classmate who
had been raised in a liberal Ro-
man Catholic home. By the time
they rediscovered each other on
Facebook three years ago, the is-
sue of same-sex marriage was
volatile and ever-present in Min-
nesota, in part because of Repre-
sentative Michele Bachmann,
who had built her political career
in large measure on antigay posi-
“I was so thrilled to be en-
gaged and so in love with Austin,”
Ms. Vitt said. “But at the same
time, I was completely conscious
of the fact that there were people
who can’t be excited about being
engaged and waving around
their ring. And we need to ac-
knowledge that inequality.”
Inspiration struck in May 2011,
when she and Mr. Vitt attended
the wedding of a friend, who
handed out white-knot pins. They
wanted to be even more asser-
tive, to harness what Ms. Vitt
termed “the power of the pulpit.”
Doing a Google search on the
subject of gay marriage, she
came upon the Massachusetts
ruling, which Ms. Maxwell, the
divinity student, was only too
happy to incorporate into the
wedding ceremony.
“I constantly strive to let peo-
ple know that there are so many
current and future religious lead-
ers out there who feel incredibly
passionate about not only accept-
ing gays but including them in
the beloved community we were
all meant to be a part of,” Ms.
Maxwell wrote in an e-mail. “I
don’t believe Jesus would have
ostracized people because of who
they choose to love.”
And so, on the Saturday
evening of Aug. 9, Pamela Baker
put a white wristband on Adri-
enne, and Adrienne put a white
wristband on Austin, and Austin
thought about one of his grooms-
men who had been raised by les-
bian parents.
As Ms. Maxwell recited from
the Massachusetts decision, Ms.
Vitt looked at a number of the
guests nodding in approval.
Then, their vows exchanged
and their return trip down the
aisle complete, Mr. and Ms. Vitt
proceeded to the next order of
business: “September” by Earth,
Wind and Fire, their first dance
as spouses, hetero variety.
Adding a Ritual to a Wedding: Showing Support for Gay Marriage SAMUEL G.
Adrienne and Austin Vitt are among an increasing number of
couples advocating for gay marriage at their weddings. They
and many of their guests wore wristbands to show support.
WASHINGTON — The first
trickle of federal funds has start-
ed to go out after Hurricane
Sandy — $29 million to rebuild
highways, $30 million to hire tem-
porary workers to help with the
cleanup. But lawmakers are just
beginning to tally what is certain
to be a multibillion-dollar bill for
the federal government at a time
of fiscal restraint.
At least initially, New York,
New Jersey and other states
most affected by the storm will
be spared the traditional fights in
Washington over disaster assist-
ance, thanks to a little-noticed
provision in last year’s budget
agreement that arose from the
debt-ceiling fight and resulted in
Congress setting aside roughly
$12 billion for disaster relief. The Federal Emergency Man-
agement Office has $7.5 billion to
spend this fiscal year, and an ad-
ditional $5 billion could be made
available with no spending off-
sets required in other govern-
ment programs. While that will help in the short
term, the East Coast states hit by
the giant storm will almost cer-
tainly request billions in addi-
tional federal dollars, which
would require appropriations by
Congress and could set off parti-
san — or geographic — wran-
gling and stir longstanding con-
cerns about fraud and waste.
New York state officials have
already started to apply pressure
on the federal government to cov-
er a greater share of the rebuild-
ing cost than is provided under
the law, seeking 100 percent reim-
bursement for major infrastruc-
ture projects compared with the
75 percent automatically pro-
vided in major disasters. State of-
ficials have also talked of an am-
bitious new sea wall system, with
a possible price tag of at least $10
billion, that could protect New
York from a future superstorm.
“Our counties are responding
to the continued impacts of multi-
building fires, tunnel closures,
power losses to hospitals and oth-
er critical infrastructure, de-
stroyed homes and sheltered
populations — all in the midst of
historic flooding that has compli-
cated emergency response oper-
ations exponentially,” Gov. An-
drew M. Cuomo wrote to Presi-
dent Obama on Wednesday.
Lawmakers from New York
and elsewhere, perhaps wary of
any requests for new federal
spending that could become polit-
ical fodder, so far are playing
down the need for additional
money. But when pressed, they
acknowledge that they could
soon follow.
“I think there is a very good
chance we are going to need
more than that,” Senator Charles
E. Schumer, Democrat of New
York, said in an interview Thurs-
day of FEMA’s disaster-relief re-
serves. “But the immediate
needs are being taken care of
without people looking over their
President Obama has pledged
to speed federal aid to the hard-
hit states, winning praise from
state and local officials of both
parties. But so far, the flow of
money has been relatively mod-
est in a disaster that economists
estimate could leave up to $30 bil-
lion to $50 billion in damage,
costs borne by individuals, busi-
nesses, insurers and the federal
government. The Federal Emergency Man-
agement Agency had approved
the distribution of more than $40
million in temporary housing aid
and other assistance to 98,000
victims of the storm as of 3 p.m.
The government ultimately
paid out more than $7 billion in
so-called individual and house-
hold assistance in the aftermath
of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in
2005, an indication of how the bill
from Hurricane Sandy could sky-
The Department of Labor,
meanwhile, has already kicked in
another $30 million to hire tempo-
rary workers to help with the
cleanup, New York and New Jer-
sey officials have announced.
And the Department of Trans-
portation has given what it calls
“quick release emergency funds”
totaling $29 million so far to five
states, to help them start to re-
build roads, bridges, tunnels and
other transportation infrastruc-
ture damaged in the storm.
But it is clear this is just the
start of the federal costs. After Hurricanes Katrina and
Rita, the federal government
eventually allocated at least $120
billion, including $14 billion to re-
build 350 miles of levees and flood
walls around greater New Or-
leans. Lawmakers and federal offi-
cials say they are determined to
guard against fraud, which has
marred past recovery efforts.
Mispayments and fraud were es-
timated to cost at least $600 mil-
lion in the aftermath of Hurri-
canes Katrina and Rita.
“Just as disasters bring out the
best in most people, they bring
out the worst in some,” said Rep-
resentative Lou Barletta, Repub-
lican of Pennsylvania. “We need
to make sure disaster recovery
funds go to the people who truly
need them. Those who are found
to commit fraud and abuse
should be punished severely be-
cause they are taking money
from those who truly need it.”
Representative Steve King, an
Iowa Republican, said during a
debate in his re-election cam-
paign on Tuesday that while he
favored assistance to the bat-
tered states, they needed to come
up with a plan on how to spend it.
After Hurricane Katrina, he said,
“they spent it on Gucci bags and
massage parlors and everything
you can think of in addition to
what was necessary.”
Officials at FEMA said this
week that they were committed
to trying to block abuses, citing
computer systems that will com-
pare home addresses given by
victims with public databases to
make sure that applicants are not
filing false claims, while also us-
ing computer programs to at-
tempt to ensure victims do not
register twice for aid.
But it remains unclear if
FEMA can meet the challenge. A
report issued last year by the De-
partment of Homeland Security’s
inspector general noted that the
agency had far too few employ-
ees dedicated to investigating
fraud — assigning just 6 people
nationwide to the effort, com-
pared with 21 in 2007. “FEMA begs people to call and
apply even if they are not sure
they are eligible,” the Inspector
General’s report said, quoting
agency employees, about the
push to sign up people for disas-
ter aid.
FEMA’s 2012 disaster-relief al-
location will certainly be enough
to cover the initial response,
FEMA director W. Craig Fugate
said this week. But the wide-
spread flooding in areas where
many residents do not have flood
insurance will probably mean re-
quests to the federal government
to provide more federal financing
to the government-backed flood
insurance program, which al-
ready is facing a deficit.
FEMA is only authorized to
provide each homeowner a maxi-
mum of about $30,000 in assist-
ance, far short of the damage
many of those without flood in-
surance have suffered.
“This is going to require a very
substantial recovery effort,” Mr.
Fugate said on Friday. First Federal Money Is Dealt Out to States
New York officials will seek aid for projects like rebuilding the Rockaways Boardwalk in Queens.
A budget procedure
staves off fights over
disaster assistance.
On the night that Hurricane
Sandy hit New York, burglars
broke into Kixclusive, a shoe
store on the Lower East Side
where rare pairs of basketball
shoes are priced as high as
$1,400. The proprietor told the po-
lice that 30 pairs of sneakers
were stolen, saying the shoes
were worth $30,000 in all, ac-
cording to the police. The storefront, on Mulberry
Street, was quickly boarded up
with plywood. Then on Wednes-
day, an alert police officer,
Charles Hofstetter, spied four
men moving aside the plywood
and entering the store. All four were arrested on
charges of burglary. Across the city, there have
been reports of looting since the
storm hit, leading to a 7 percent
rise in burglary complaints from
Monday through Thursday, com-
pared with the same period last
year. Over all, reported crime is
down, although some police offi-
cials caution that a full account-
ing is not yet possible.
In Queens, 15 people were
charged with burglary and other
crimes in Far Rockaway, accord-
ing to the Queens district attor-
ney’s office. The affected busi-
nesses include liquor and cloth-
ing stores and a Radio Shack. In
Jamaica, Queens, twin brothers
were charged with using a stolen
U-Haul truck to try to ram
through the gate of a motorcycle
shop on Tuesday. Also in Queens,
a man was charged with bran-
dishing a handgun as he pulled
his car ahead of another motorist
who was waiting in line at a gas
station. “If you don’t pull back,
you’re not getting gas tonight,”
the man, Sean M. Bailey, is ac-
cused of saying. In Coney Island on Tuesday,
nine people were arrested in con-
nection with looting, including a
woman who was accused of
breaking into a Chase Bank,
though she appeared to have left
empty-handed. Others were ac-
cused of breaking into a dollar
“They tamed it real quick,” a
police commander said Tuesday
about the looting that day. “But it
could get ugly tonight,” the com-
mander warned, speaking on
condition of anonymity. That
evening, the police commission-
er, Raymond W. Kelly, visited Co-
ney Island to examine how the
police were deployed there, a Po-
lice Department spokesman,
Paul J. Browne, said. But more than 24 hours later,
just after midnight on Thursday
morning, 18 people were arrested
in a burglary of a Key Food on
Neptune Avenue in Coney Island. Only a single murder was re-
ported in the city from Monday
through Thursday, compared
with six during that period last
year. And there were seven re-
ported rapes, compared with 15
last year. Robberies, too, were
down in that time frame, to 156,
from 244 last year. But some officers warned that
more property crimes may be re-
ported as people return to their
homes. It is possible, police offi-
cials say, that burglars have hit
abandoned apartments in areas
where the power — and lights —
are out and whose tenants have
not yet returned home to dis-
cover their possessions missing. “It’s a burglars’ paradise when
you think about it,” said Ed Mul-
lins, the president of the police
sergeants’ union. Burglaries Are Up After Storm, City Police Say, While Other Crimes Have Dropped
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The National Reverse Mortgage
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ONLINE:MORE LETTERS Last month, when the unemployment rate dropped
by three-tenths of a percentage point to dip below 8 per-
cent for the first time in 43 months, Mitt Romney dis-
missed the drop as meaningless. Some Republicans said
federal officials manipulated the numbers to help Presi-
dent Obama win re-election. This month, when the jobless
rate went up by a smaller amount, Mr. Romney took it as
gospel, proof that Mr. Obama’s policies are a failure. Last
month, Mr. Romney focused on a reduction in the work
force. This month, he would not admit that the work force
had expanded.
The truth is that Mr. Obama was right when he talked
about “real progress” in the economy during a campaign
swing in Ohio, where the state unemployment rate has de-
clined from 8.6 percent a year ago to 7 percent recently.
Republican obstructionism has made it much harder to
achieve the improvement we have seen, but it has failed in
its seeming intent to ensure stagnation.
That left Mr. Romney flailing around for a response.
His proclamation that the economy was at a “virtual
standstill” is believable only if you adopt Mr. Romney’s
denial of stark reality. A candidate who could ignore
Chrysler’s announcement of 1,100 new jobs in Toledo and
claim that Chrysler was moving jobs to China can just as
easily see a flat line in an upward trend.
In fact, the jobs recovery has not been derailed; it is
showing some signs of acceleration. With 171,000 jobs
added last month and job tallies for the two prior months
revised upward, employment growth since July has aver-
aged 173,000 jobs a month, up sharply from the average
monthly pace of 67,000 in the second quarter of 2012.
That is still not robust enough to swiftly reduce un-
employment, but the trend is promising. The challenge is
to improve the prospects of the hardest-hit Americans, in-
cluding the long-term unemployed, laid-off teachers and
young workers, while building on the progress. The presidential campaign has presented two very
different approaches. This page rejected the approach of
cutting taxes, slashing federal spending,and deregulating
the banks and business, even before Mr. Romney made
those Republican chestnuts his agenda. Never-ending tax
cuts and excessive deregulation have been tried and have
proved disastrous. Spending cuts in a slow economy are
self defeating, as is being amply demonstrated in Europe. Mr. Obama has asserted his employment agenda, in-
cluding school and infrastructure rebuilding and aid to
states to hire teachers. This was detailed in his jobs bill
from last year. He has also vowed a responsible approach
to deficit reduction, including preserving tax cuts for most
Americans while letting the high-end Bush tax cuts ex-
pire. Such approaches would work, but time and again
they have met with a stone wall from Republicans, who
have been determined to keep the economy as weak as
possible to hurt Mr. Obama’s campaign. The Republicans’
last-minute tactic has been a cynical one — to make it
clear that they will continue obstructing Mr. Obama if he
wins. That is a hollow argument for Mr. Romney. And it
does not change the fact that Mr. Romney has no good
ideas and Mr. Obama has plenty.
Jobs Are Growing, Not Stagnating
The trend in unemployment is promising, but the politics of job creation remain clouded
As the war continues in Syria, with civilians caught in
the stalemate between President Bashar al-Assad’s
troops and rebel forces, the United States, the United Na-
tions and others are looking for political ways out. The lat-
est proposal by the Obama administration is pragmatic. On Wednesday,Secretary of State Hillary Rodham
Clinton announced that Washington was embarking on its
most aggressive effort yet to reshape the Syrian opposi-
tion. It has withdrawn support from the Syrian National
Council,which was established last year by exiles who
have lived abroad for decades,in favor of a new structure
that would have heavy representation from Syrians actu-
ally fighting in the war. Hundreds of opposition figures are
supposed to meet in Qatar next week to discuss this idea.
The Americans’ frustration with the Syrian National
Council is understandable. Most of its members are out of
touch with what’s really happening in the country. They
have been hopelessly divided, incapable of making deci-
sions,and have failed to persuade Syrians that they offer
a viable alternative to Mr. Assad.
Since the war began, scores of new local opposition
organizations have sprung up in Syria. They are much
better positioned to help the United States and other do-
nors direct humanitarian and other assistance. They also
offer a better chance of reaching out to those who still
back Mr. Assad — especially the military — and persuad-
ing them to abandon him in favor of a new order. Mrs.
Clinton has acknowledged that she has recommended in-
dividuals and organizations to be part of the new leader-
ship structure. But there is a risk that the new group could
be seen as an American-made entity. The rebels would
have more support if they committed to marginalizing the
jihadists who have joined the fight. If there is a deal in
Doha,the United States and its partners are prepared to
help quickly carry out assistance projects. Congress
should support the administration in this effort.
China also weighed in with a proposal this week that
seeks to end the conflict with a phased-in truce.The plan
differs little from the initiative of the United Nations peace
envoy, which has gotten nowhere. Beijing undoubtedly
feels uneasy about how its support for Mr. Assad has
soured relations with Arab governments. But it still refus-
es to join Western and Arab nations in pressuring him to
give up power. Syria’s Misery
The United States starts a new political initiative to strengthen anti-Assad forces
Two dozen men with guns entered an Oklahoma City
diner promptly at midnight on Wednesday, intent on inau-
gurating a pernicious new law allowing the state’s 142,000
citizens with concealed handgun licenses to begin wear-
ing their loaded weapons publicly. “I just feel more secure
and safe,” Joe Wood, an aircraft mechanic,told The Okla-
homan newspaper, his Taurus PT145 pistol ready for ac-
tion against any sudden attack by the eggs and burgers. Other Oklahomans’ sense of security and safety was
not on the midnight menu, though law enforcement offi-
cials made their objections clear when “open carry” was
signed into law in May by Gov. Mary Fallin,a Republican.
A previous version was vetoed in 2010 by Gov. Brad Hen-
ry, a Democrat,over such questions as how to sort out licit
gun wielders from perpetrators at a crime scene.
Statehouse proponents, ever obeisant to the gun lob-
by, contend that anyone with a handgun license has to
pass a strict state check of criminal and mental health
records. The dangerous loophole here is that Oklahoma is
grossly delinquent in such oversight, submitting fewer
than four cases last year to the federal mental health
watch list.
Oklahoma is the place where “going postal” became
an unfortunate American cliché a generation ago after 14
co-workers were shot dead by a postal worker who then
killed himself. It is the 15th state to legalize open carry on
the fatuous promise that public safety will be enhanced.
The only obvious purpose is to allow macho gun enthusi-
asts — not true sportsmen — to display the intimidating
power of the gun before the rest of the public, as was the
case two years ago when protesters showed up at political
gatherings with holstered weapons.
Business owners are in a muddle over whether to ex-
ercise their right under the new law to put up polite “no
guns allowed” signs for the sake of the family crowd, or to
allow guns at table, plain as salt and pepper shakers. The
law proclaims that inebriated people must never strap on
their guns. But even the owner of the diner where open
carry was inaugurated wonders about that one. “What it
is that scares me is Fridays, Saturdays, the bar crowd —
people come sometimes drunk,” Renee Masoudy, the own-
er, said. Oklahomans Packing Heat TO THE EDITOR:
Bravo to Thomas L. Friedman for a
much overdue challenge to the “pro-
life” label for the anti-choice people
(“Why I Am Pro-Life,” column, Oct. 28). As he notes, how can you be genu-
inely pro-life when you champion the
death penalty and reducing gun control,
while denying or shrugging off climate
change, potentially the greatest threat
to human life?
If one looks at the greatest threats to
life — poverty, malnutrition, disease,
lack of medical coverage and care, wars
and imperialism, ecological dislocations
— it is the pro-choice people who by far
have the best track record on pro-life is-
Los Angeles, Oct. 29, 2012
Although Thomas L. Friedman points
out the hypocrisies in the “pro-life” Re-
publican Party, he should consider the
same contradiction between the Demo-
cratic Party values and its own “pro-
choice” platform.
This is the party that cares for the
poor, but won’t call out the tragedy that
roughly a third of women choose an
abortion because of poverty and eco-
nomic necessity. This is the party that
wants to protect the handicapped and
sick, but won’t acknowledge the horror
that 90 percent of babies diagnosed with
Down syndrome are aborted.
The Democratic leadership sees the
party as a post-partisan big tent, but re-
jected the inclusive voices of pro-life
Democrats in the 2012 party platform
and arrogantly dismisses the pro-life
movement as a “war on women.” This
party of altruistic compassion somehow
believes that another person has the
“freedom” to decide the dignity and fate
of a vulnerable unborn child.
Hypocrisy goes both ways.
Brunswick, Me., Oct. 29, 2012
I take issue with Thomas L. Fried-
man’s suggestion that a pro-life stance
on abortion is hypocritical for one who
also believes that there are enough gun
control laws and that the Environmen-
tal Protection Agency already has
enough authority to protect our envi-
ronment. There are laws protecting us against
the illegal use of handguns. There are
laws protecting us from pollution. Why
are there no laws protecting unborn
children from being killed through abor-
Mr. Friedman wrongly equates the
abortion issue and these other “pro-life”
issues as being of equal value and im-
portance. They are not. Life in the
womb is the most basic form of life —
the beginning. If we do not protect lives
at the beginning, then there is no need
to protect them later from pollution or
Springboro, Ohio, Oct. 29, 2012
As always, Thomas L. Friedman’s col-
umn is excellent. However, it mystifies
me how one can be pro-life and also let
the mother die in order to protect the fe-
tus. Furthermore, isn’t it very strange
how a group can promote less govern-
ment, and at the same time promote
more government to control women’s
private lives?MARGO HEBALD
Pacific Palisades, Calif., Oct. 29, 2012
Thomas L. Friedman is right — if you
can name an issue, you can own it. How-
ever, he did not suggest a new name.
For the very reasons he so succinctly
summarized, I suggest “pro-birth” be
applied to those whose advocacy ends
at birth, and “pro-life” only to those who
seek to address what happens once an
individual has arrived in this world. ROBERT H. ALSDORF
Seattle, Oct. 29, 2012
The Label That’s Open to Interpretation
The accusation against two American sailors for the
rape of a woman in Okinawa in October has worsened ten-
sions on the island, already inflamed by the recent deploy-
ment of the troubled MV-22 Osprey aircraft to the Marine
Corps base in the city of Ginowan.Okinawans may be run-
ning out of adjectives to express their resentment and an-
ger at being unwilling hosts for more than half of the
50,000 American military personnel stationed in Japan. Many Okinawans believe, with justification, that their
views are irrelevant to the Japanese government and the
United States, whose geopolitical priorities trump local
concerns about jet crashes, noise, environmental destruc-
tion and crime. That has not stopped protesters from tire-
lessly raising objections, most strongly in 1995,when three
servicemen gang-raped a schoolgirl,and in September,
when tens of thousands demonstrated against the deploy-
ment of the Osprey.
One of the latest incidents to prompt outrage was the
charging of Seaman Christopher Browning and Petty Offi-
cer Third Class Skyler Dozierwalker,accused of sexually
assaulting the woman as she was heading home. United
States officials apologized and imposed a nighttime cur-
few.Okinawa’s governor,Hirokazu Nakaima,wants Japan
and the United States to revise their Status of Forces
Agreement to make it easier to investigate crimes by
Americans and to deliver accused service members to the
Japanese justice system. (The sailors are in Japanese cus-
tody,because local police got to them before the United
States did.) The Defense Department will resist, fearing what it
would mean for similar agreements elsewhere. America’s
continued military presence in Japan is important to re-
gional stability. But Washington needs to be more respon-
sive to legitimate Okinawan concerns. It should impose
stricter limits on its troops’ behavior and more effective
training and oversight. And it should move swiftly to light-
en its presence on Okinawa, by shifting troops to Guam,
Hawaii and elsewhere in Japan. Okinawans will feel safer
and less aggrieved only when they believe that Japan and
the United States are taking their objections seriously. Outrage in Okinawa
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Re “Storm Propels Bloomberg Into
Obama’s Corner” (front page, Nov. 2):
Government is a social contract. It
has been working brilliantly in this
week of Hurricane Sandy.
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg’s en-
dorsement of President Obama’s re-
election based on his environmental
stance is a powerful reminder that this
contract must ultimately extend beyond
city, state and even national borders. We are one global citizenry. Let’s
start acting like one.
New York, Nov. 2, 2012
Election Day is scheduled for Tues-
day. Here in New Jersey, there are
many areas that will not get power back
by that time, and no announcements
seem to have gone out about new poll-
ing places.
How do you count votes when there is
no power for the voting machines? How
do you get out the news about where to
vote and a backup plan for power fail-
Perhaps the two parties will come to-
gether to solve this problem by delaying
voting by a week or two, or widening eli-
gibility for absentee ballots, or some
other solution. If not, despite the good
intentions of voters, our democracy will
suffer. The stakes have never been
Paterson, N.J., Nov. 2, 2012
“When State Polls Differ From Na-
tional Polls,” by Nate Silver (FiveThir-
tyEight, Nov. 1), was welcome, but there
is no way of knowing how Hurricane
Sandy will influence the election results. This is especially true given the low
priority that officials seem to have
placed on facilitating voting for dis-
placed citizens. Instead of placing responsibility on
each person to locate an up-and-run-
ning Board of Elections office or a poll-
ing place, one suggestion might be to
set up polling places at the shelters. Surely, electing a president should be
seen as important, and every effort
should be made to see that people who
have already lost so much will not lose
their right to vote.LEIDA SNOW
New York, Nov. 1, 2012
I write this letter in part because we
have no electricity, and the house is
dark and getting colder. While the response to Hurricane
Sandy demonstrates the spirit and
bravery of our people, this national
tragedy also sheds light on the collaps-
ing infrastructure of the United States. I
will share one example of the many in-
frastructure issues that the next presi-
dent must address urgently. In one of the more affluent areas of
the country, the New York metropolitan
region, it is appalling to see Con Edison
transmitting electricity to homes using
antiquated overhead utility poles. Frequent power failures resulting
from outdated methods of transmission
result in serious disruption in the life of
our citizens and often result in major
losses in national productivity. Despite this, we do not see our util-
ities or politicians actively working to-
ward a safer and more reliable un-
derground system.
This, of course, is only one example of
our country’s decay. After this election,
we should call upon all parties to begin
to fix our country. The future of my gen-
eration depends upon it.NEIL SURI
Edgemont, N.Y., Nov. 2, 2012
The writer is a high school student.
How the Storm Could Affect the Election
The Times welcomes letters from readers.
Letters must include the writer’s name, ad-
dress and telephone number. Those selected
may be shortened to fit allotted space. Send
e-mail to, faxes to
(212)556-3622 or postal mail to Letters to the
Editor, The New York Times, 620 Eighth Av-
enue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405. More on Hurricane Sandy
A popular myth about sea-level
rise is that it happens slowly
enough that we will have plenty of
time to react. Or that a
thousand-foot wave will sweep
Manhattan and change it forever.
This storm showed us how sea-level
rise actually works: It spikes in
historic highs and then falls back to
normal. The real danger is after the
surge: Things return to normal,
and we forget the danger.
Craig Childs
By Kevin Coyne
, N.J.
T the end of Pompano Avenue in
Manasquan, one of the Jer-
sey Shore towns scoured and
tumbled by the storm, is a
small patch of beachfront
property that seems as if it has been in
my family for several generations now.
We hold no title to it, other than what-
ever property rights might accrue from
the thousands of summer days we have
spent there at the ocean’s edge. It is 17
miles from the inland town where I grew
up and still live, a rectangle of sand just
wide enough for a couple of towels and
long enough for a few chairs. It
is where my mother and father
took my siblings and me when
we were children, and it is
where my wife and I took our
own children. A wooden jetty
once stood beside it, but a beach
replenishment project covered
that up years ago.
A lot of people in New Jersey
hold similar unofficial title to
similar patches of the Shore,
which is why the losses from
this storm, large as they al-
ready are, seem even larger.
The Shore is our summer home,
and it now lies in ruins, wrecked
by a storm that shares a name
—in a cruel coincidence —with
the most elegiac song ever writ-
ten about it by our poet laure-
ate, Bruce Springsteen. “Our
carnival life on the water,” he
sang in “4th of July, Asbury
Park (Sandy),” but in Seaside
Heights and Belmar and Point
Pleasant and too many other
beach towns,our carnival life is
now in the water.
New Jersey, the most densely
populated of all states, has 127
miles of oceanfront, almost all
of which has been built upon,
foolishly perhaps in some spots, but al-
ways hopefully, by people heeding a pri-
mal urge to be near the sea. Damp, rick-
ety fishermen’s shacks; boxy, game-
board bungalows; sprawling marble-clad
palaces — all are trying to do the same
thing: capture and hold with some meas-
ure of permanence that most sublime
and evanescent of all moments, the per-
fect summer day.
There are parts of the Jersey Shore
that, in high summer, are almost indistin-
guishable from California or Florida or
some other sun-washed paradise. The
difference here is that summer dies each
year. It is briefer, and thus more pre-
cious, and Labor Day is the saddest day
of all. That’s why we grasp the Shore so
hard, why we hang on to it so fiercely.
How much can we squeeze from this
wave, from this romance, from this fish-
ing trip, from this bar band, from this
sun? How much more before it all chills
and fades and we have to wait nine more
months to try again?
My own town, Freehold, N.J.,took
some big hits in the storm —trees crush-
ing houses, power dead and no sign of
when it might return. But I’ve found my
attention turning more toward the wildly,
almost eccentrically, diverse string of
towns along the Shore, where so many
other New Jerseyans, from the poorest to
the richest, have staked their own claims,
however tenuous. I’ve been thinking
about how unnaturally warm the water
was this summer, and wondering wheth-
er the storm was the price we paid for
that, and then wondering, too, how much
of what I remember, what I love, will be
there next summer.
Habits die hard, and it’s painful to
imagine not going back to Manasquan
next summer, no matter how much of it
may be gone. It’s not the closest beach to
my hometown, but it’s the one where ev-
eryone has always gone — a migratory
pattern rooted deep in history, by a week-
end excursion train along a pota-
to-train line that hasn’t run in al-
most a century. No other town,
no other beach within Manas-
quan even,would feel right. My sister loved Manasquan so
much that she moved there
when she got married and is
raising her own family there.
She lives far enough from the
beach that her home survived
Hurricane Sandy unscathed.
Her friends, as well as a couple
of our cousins who live closer,
were not so lucky. Exactly how
unlucky, they don’t know yet.
The beachfront section of town
is still sealed shut, guarded by
the police, nobody — not even
homeowners —allowed in yet.
All anyone has so far are the
photos the town has posted on
its Facebook page. People have
been scrutinizing them for signs
of damage. Is that house still on
its foundation? How high is the
sand piled on this one? Where is
the waterline on this one? I was scrolling through the
photos with my brother-in-law
the other day, and we found one
of “our” property: the beach at
the end of Pompano Avenue. The
asphalt beachwalk —no boardwalk here
— was buckled as if by an earthquake.
The remaining beach was a narrow
strand, the sand pushed off it back onto
the streets behind. But looking to the
north, we saw something we hadn’t seen
in years: the wooden jetty that had long
been buried, the one that loomed in my
favorite photograph of my father as a
young man, watching his son toddling to-
ward the water. It stood there again in
this new photograph,like a guidepost,
marking the way back.
My Jersey Shore, Nowin Ruins
In too many beach
towns, our carnival life
is now in the water.
Kevin Coyne,a journalist who teaches at
Columbia,is the author, most recently, of
“Marching Home: To War and Back
With the Men of One American Town.”
One of my enduring childhood memo-
ries is going with my mother to the lob-
by of The Providence Journal, where
she had once worked, to see the high
water mark of the fearsome 1938 hurri-
cane. It was the worst storm that had
ever been recorded in New England,
with winds of 115 miles per hour and a
storm surge 16 feet high. Parts of Provi-
dence were 8 feet under water. Nearly
400 Rhode Islanders died.
Less than 20 years later, Hurricane
Carol hit Providence dead-on. With a
storm surge of more than 14 feet, it
caused 68 deaths; the damage was esti-
mated at $500 million. At which point,
Rhode Island had had enough. In 1960,
the state issued $15 million worth of
bonds to pay the Army Corps of Engi-
neers to build the country’s first storm
barrier, aimed specifically at protecting
its capital city.
The Fox Point Hurricane Barrier, a
complicated array of dikes, gates, barri-
ers and pumps, completed in 1966, has
kept hurricanes at bay ever since. That
includes Hurricane Sandy, which
wreaked havoc on parts of the Rhode Is-
land coastline, but barely dented Provi-
dence. Sandy, of course, didn’t let New York
City off so easily. Then again, New York
didn’t put up much resistance. Lower
Manhattan, completely unprotected,
was overwhelmed by Sandy’s 14-foot
storm surge. The Rockaways and Stat-
en Island were hit even harder.
That fewer than 50 New Yorkers died
in the storm is a testament to what New
York has become very good at: evacuat-
ing. In 2006, Mayor Michael Bloomberg
pushed the city’s Office of Emergency
Management to develop a worst-case
scenario evacuation plan; it has been
the game plan ever since. As Sandy ap-
proached, the city told residents of the
most flood-prone areas to leave, and
readied its first responders. Incredibly,
a large coastal neighborhood called
Breezy Point in Queens burned to the
ground with no one being seriously
hurt. Most of them had left.
What New York is not so good at is
preventing big storms from exacting an
enormous toll on infrastructure, build-
ings and businesses. In the case of
Sandy, the damage to New York City is
estimated to be as much as $17 billion.
Cities like London, Amsterdam — and,
yes, Providence —have built systems to
minimize the damage even Category 3
storms can cause. But not New York.
Part of the reason is that the cost of
any such system would run into the bil-
lions of dollars. But another reason is
that many environmentalists are firmly
opposed to a big public-works project,
fearing that it would give people a false
sense of security about the problems
posed by climate change. They prefer
taking smaller steps, like raising the
height of subway grates to keep water
out of the subway tunnels. Bloomberg
has embraced this approach.
In 2008, for instance, Bloomberg con-
vened a panel of experts to examine the
ways climate change could affect the
city. The panel’s report, issued in 2010,
documented the undeniable fact that
the rivers and bays around New York
were rising, and that changes in the at-
mosphere were likely to make storms
both more frequent and more danger-
ous. Yet Malcolm Bowman, who leads the
Storm Surge Research Group at Stony
Brook University, told me that when he
joined the panel, he was pointedly told
that barriers were not going to get
much emphasis. Another former mem-
ber of the panel, Klaus Jacob, a scientist
at the Earth Institute at Columbia Uni-
versity, told The New York Times, in a
prescient article published just six
weeks before Sandy hit, that the city’s
unwillingness to be more aggressive
was akin to “Russian roulette.” Jacob
believes that the city needs to build
unbreachable gates to subways, tunnels
and infrastructure to prevent water
from rushing in. Despite the expense,
he says that such a system would save
billions by preventing storm damage.
In the aftermath of Sandy, New
York’s governor, Andrew Cuomo, has
openly called for rethinking the way
New York deals with storms. So far,
however,Bloomberg has resisted. “The
fact that we are close to the water
shouldn’t be a surprise to everybody,”
he sniffed on Thursday. Barriers may not be the answer. But,
clearly, the kind of small steps advocat-
ed by the city are almost laughably in-
sufficient. What could be a more press-
ing short-term threat than horrific
storms that can bring the city to its
knees? And how can you say you are
tackling climate change if you are not
willing to face that threat squarely?
Bloomberg is clearly proud of his role
as a leader in the climate-change arena;
that was the basis for his endorsement
of President Obama. But,in the weeks
and months to come, we are going to
find out what that really means.
As they say, actions speak louder
than words.Ø
JOE NOCERA The Mayor’s Barrier
Bloomberg is better at evacuating his city
than protecting it.
O.K.,people, we’ve got an election
coming. Tuesday’s the day! So little
time, so much to do before we go to the
polls. Perhaps we should make a list:
1) Complain about the Electoral Col-
If you live in places like New York or
California or Texas, feel free to spend
some time in a dark corner, contemplat-
ing the way you’re taken for granted. So
what if you’ve got a strong political ma-
jority for one party. You’re still Ameri-
cans! But your state has already been
colored red or blue on all the Election
Central maps. Nobody wants to take
your political temperature. Nobody
cares what your waitress moms are
thinking. For months now, we’ve been listening
to people from Ohio moan about how
many political ads they’re seeing on TV.
Ohio, some of us have never gotten a
single ad! How many celebrities do you
think have parachuted into Rhode Is-
land to do fund-raising for Barack Oba-
ma? How many network camera crews
are on their way to take the pulse of Ala-
bama? You’re beginning to sound like
people who complain about how tough it
is to manage three vacation homes.
2) Consider the bright side of the
Electoral College.
If your state has no swing-like char-
acteristics, there’s no danger that you’ll
be humiliated before the global media
when it screws up the vote count. New
Yorkers, every time you get sullen
about the fact that your state doesn’t
matter, try to imagine what would hap-
pen if the entire future of the presidency
depended on getting absolutely precise
numbers out of Brooklyn.
3) Worst tweet of the election season:
“Because of the hurricane, I am ex-
tending my 5 million dollar offer for
President Obama’s favorite charity un-
til 12PM on Thursday.”
— Donald Trump
4) Stop obsessively checking the
This has been going on way too long.
Stop torturing yourself! Whatever Colo-
rado is going to do, it’ll do it on Tuesday.
Clean the basement. Read a novel. Con-
sider purchasing a new pet. If it’s an
Irish setter, you can name it Seamus.
5) Forget about the fact that Mitt
Romney once drove to Canada with the
family dog strapped to the roof of the
If he loses, nobody will care. If he
wins, we’ll have so many other things to
worry about. 6) Find a Senate race to follow.
You are probably going to spend
Tuesday night glued to a computer or
television that is repeatedly announcing
it’s too soon to tell who got elected pres-
ident. The time will go much faster if
you’re diverted by the Senate returns.
Since there are only about a dozen races
in which there is any conceivable con-
test, it’s really not all that hard to be-
come an expert. (“I believe Heidi Heit-
kamp has an excellent chance of beat-
ing expectations in North Dakota,
which by the way is the only state with
no voter registration.”)
My personal favorite is Connecticut,
in which we finally get to find out
whether a person whose only prior ex-
perience is that she helped to build a
professional wrestling empire can get
elected to the U.S. Senate if she spends
$100 million of her own money. But pick
for yourself.
7) Learn the identity of your state leg-
The chances are 50 to 1 that they’re
going to be re-elected without breaking
a sweat. But the fact that you know
their names will impress your friends
even more than that thing about the
North Dakota Senate race. 8) Just go ahead and vote.
If we lived in a democracy full of hero-
ic candidates in evenly matched battles,
there’d be no challenge to being an en-
ergized voter. Everybody would do it!
As it is, one of our greatest civic virtues
is the willingness to soldier on and par-
ticipate in elections even when the con-
tests are foregone conclusions or
vaguely ridiculous.
Every day on my way to work for the
last few months I’ve walked past the
Victory for Obama Campaign Center on
Broadway and 103rd Street in Manhat-
tan. This is a neighborhood in which ev-
ery single race on the ballot is hope-
lessly lopsided. Actually, most of them
are uncontested. The state has already
been painted blue. The congressman
who has been in office for 20 years is be-
ing challenged by a person with no cam-
paign funds and whose slogan is “Mi-
chael is familiar with politics … but he is
not political.”
Yet the place has been full of enthusi-
astic people selling buttons, handing out
literature and staffing the phones. This
is what makes America great. True, the
people on the phones were calling vot-
ers in Ohio. But still. You do what you
GAIL COLLINS The Last Election List
And, on Wednesday, the voters rested. Time is running out for Mitt Romney.
According to the latest polls, the most
likely outcome of Tuesday’s election is
that Romney will lose. If he does, it will
likely be a bitter pill to swallow. He
would have come so close only to have
fate and circumstances step in at the fi-
nal hour and give President Obama a
How is Romney losing it? Let us count
the ways:
1) The economy continues to im-
The argument for electing Rom-
ney hinges on a sour economy and his
experience as a businessman with the
expertise to turn it around. But,on meas-
ure after measure, the economy seems
to be getting better.
A Commerce Department report re-
leased last month found that housing
starts jumped 15 percent in September
— the largest surge in four years.
The unemployment rate dropped be-
low 8 percent in September and the Octo-
ber jobs report released on Friday was
stronger than expected.
Furthermore, according to a Gallup
report also released Friday: “The U.S. Payroll to Population em-
ployment rate (P2P), as measured by
Gallup, was 45.7 percent for the month of
October, up from 45.1 percent in Septem-
ber, and reflecting the highest percent-
age of Americans with good jobs since
Gallup began daily tracking of U.S. em-
ployment in 2010.”
Romney needed gloom and doom on
the economy, but Obama got some rays
of sunlight.
2) Romney’s momentum is maxing
There was a moment after the first
debate when it appeared as if he might
have a legitimate shot at winning. He
surged in the polls. His forlorn followers
found their faith. There was hope for
their candidate. Momentum begot mo-
mentum. But it peaked a couple of weeks
ago, and evidence amassed that the mo-
mentum has evaporated.
Even so, the Romney campaign
seemed to believe it could stick with the
momentum meme even after that mo-
mentum had stalled because it had been
effective at rallying the troops. As The Times’s Nate Silver wrote Fri-
day about arguments touting Romney’s
chances in the election: “A third argument is that Mr. Romney
has the momentum in the polls: whether
or not he would win an election today,
the argument goes, he is on a favorable
trajectory that will allow him to win on
Tuesday. This may be the worst of the ar-
guments, in my view. It is contradicted
by the evidence, simply put.”
Silver averaged the national polls of
likely voters in his database and found
that “there is not much evidence of ‘mo-
mentum’ toward Mr. Romney. Instead,
the case that the polls have moved
slightly toward Mr. Obama is stronger.”
That’s right, it is the Obama campaign
that has the rightful claim to having mo-
3) Hurricane Sandy.The hurricane
devastated the Northeast, which also
happens to be the media center of the
country. This diverted people’s attention
from the rancor of the campaign trail,
and they saw Obama being presidential
in his response to the storm.
They also saw bipartisanship. Obama
was embraced by Gov. Chris Christie of
New Jersey, who was the Republican
National Convention keynote speaker.
He won an endorsement from Mayor Mi-
chael Bloomberg of New York City, an in-
dependent. For his part, Romney transformed an
Ohio rally into a “storm relief event.”
4) Truth and lies.Evidence continues
to emerge that Romney is one of the
most dishonest, duplicitous candidates
to ever seek the presidency.
He criticized Obama for telling then-
President Dmitri Medvedev of Russia
that he would have “more flexibility” to
deal with sensitive issues between the
two countries after he won re-election.
Romney said this was particularly trou-
bling given that Russia “is without ques-
tion our No. 1 geopolitical foe.”
However, according to a report on Fri-
day in The New York Times, Romney’s
son Matt recently traveled to Russia and
delivered a message to Putin:
“Mr. Romney told a Russian known to
be able to deliver messages to Mr. Putin
that despite the campaign rhetoric, his
father wants good relations if he be-
comes president, according to a person
informed about the conversation.”
It sounds as though he was signaling
that Mitt would do exactly what he had
castigated Obama for: operate with
“more flexibility” after the election. This is the kind of hypocrisy that just
makes you shake your head in disbelief. According to a Gallup poll released on
Wednesday, Americans expect Obama
to be re-elected by 54 percent to 34 per-
cent. Among those believing that Obama
will win were most independents and al-
most a fifth of Republicans.
I cast my lot with those folks unless
there is a seismic shift in the next few
CHARLES M. BLOW Is Romney Unraveling?
After two days of chill and gloom in
our SoHo loft, my 13-year-old
daughter’s desperation — it was the
longest period in years that she’d been
cut off from the Internet — turned to
resignation. The blackout reminded us
of how drastically the Web and
electronic devices have changed our
lives. Losing power, however, also
reminded us of what we have left.
Having “nothing better to do” can be a
meaningful and sobering experience.
Allen Hirsch
Sustainability — the idea that with
the right mix of incentives,
technology and social change, humanity
might finally achieve a lasting
equilibrium with our planet — needs to
be replaced with resilience: how to help
vulnerable people and groups survive,
perhaps even thrive, amid
unforeseeable disruptions. Some of the
most resilient places are, paradoxically,
in developing countries, where people
remember that things can go wrong.
Andrew Zolli A24
As Snapple’s founders often
said, one of their greatest pleas-
ures lay in developing and nam-
ing new flavors. Not every name
passed muster, however. In the
1990s, they produced a guava
drink, eventually marketed as
Guava Mania.
As Mr. Greenberg told “CBS
This Morning” in 1994, the three
partners also gave serious con-
sideration to Guava Vavoom and
Guava Nagila.
for $500. Mr. Greenberg’s first wife, the
former Marilyn Parmet, died in
1993; a son, Michael, also died be-
fore him. He is survived by his
second wife, the former Roberta
Budoff; two daughters from his
first marriage, Susan Minster
and Robin Nijankin; a brother,
Herbert; three stepchildren,
Scott Budoff, Gary Budoff and
Kim Fields; and 14 grandchil-
Arnold Greenberg, who began
his career selling pickles and her-
ring from a New York City store-
front and went on to become a
founder of Snapple, the interna-
tional beverage giant, died on
Oct. 26 in Manhattan. He was 80.
A resident of Delray Beach,
Fla., who also had homes in Man-
hattan and Southampton, N.Y.,
Mr. Greenberg had been ill with
cancer for some time, his family
In 1972, Mr. Greenberg, who
was running a health food store
in the East Village in Manhattan,
joined forces with two old friends,
Leonard Marsh and Hyman
Golden, to sell fruit juices to
health food stores. A part-time
concern — Mr. Greenberg re-
tained his store and Mr. Marsh
and Mr. Golden kept the window-
washing business they ran to-
gether — the juice business per-
formed modestly in its early
Then, in the late ’70s, the three
men hit on the idea of producing
a soft drink flavored only with
natural juice. An early effort by
their company, by then known as
Unadulterated Food Products,
was an explosive failure: they
marketed a carbonated apple
juice that fermented in its bottles
and sent a spate of caps blasting. But the name they had coined
for the drink, Snapple (an amal-
gam of “snappy” and “apple”),
proved so evocative that it was
soon adopted by the company as
a whole.
The Snapple Beverage Corpo-
ration became one of the first
companies to offer a wide line of
juices and carbonated drinks
made with natural ingredients.
Sales were buoyed by the rising
tide of health-conscious consum-
ers in the 1980s; in 1987, after
Snapple introduced the first in its
line of bottled iced teas, it became
an undisputed leader in the New
Age beverage market.
The company also became
known for its offbeat advertising.
An early 1990s campaign by
Kirshenbaum & Bond was built
around a series of television
spots featuring the Snapple Lady.
A motherly character played by
an actual Snapple employee,
Wendy Kaufman, the Snapple
Lady answered customers’ let-
By 1994, when Snapple was
bought for $1.7 billion by the
Quaker Oats Company, it was re-
cording annual sales of about
$700 million.
Mr. Greenberg, Snapple’s exec-
utive vice president and chief op-
erating officer, retired after the
Quaker Oats sale. Snapple is now
owned by the Dr Pepper Snapple
Group, based in Plano, Tex.; its
product line comprises more
than 50 flavors of juice, fruit
punches and teas.
Arnold Shepard Greenberg
was born in Brooklyn on Sept. 2,
1932,and grew up in the Browns-
ville neighborhood there. His fa-
ther owned an appetizing store in
the East Village, on First Avenue
near St.Marks Place, selling sta-
ples like lox, herring and pickles;
by the 1950s, Arnold Greenberg
was running it. “It was a very traditional oper-
ation,” Mr. Greenberg told the
newspaper The Jewish Week in
1994.“We made our own sour
pickles and wrapped them in
By the 1960s, with the East Vil-
lage becoming decreasingly Jew-
ish and increasingly hippie, Mr.
Greenberg converted the busi-
ness into a health food store. In
the early ’70s he went into busi-
ness with Mr. Marsh, a childhood
friend with whom he had attend-
ed Samuel J.Tilden High School,
and Mr. Golden, who was mar-
ried to Mr. Marsh’s sister.
When the three men coined the
name Snapple, they discovered
that it was already owned by a
small company in Texas, which
appeared to have little interest in
using it. They bought the name
Arnold Greenberg, 80,a Founder of Snapple Beverage GARY BUDOFF
Arnold Greenberg, right, with the tennis player Ivan Lendl.
The drink company
was sold in 1994 for
$1.7 billion. By JAMES C. McKINLEY Jr.
Larry Bloch, who built the Wet-
lands Preserve in TriBeCa into an
influential rock club and a hub of
environmental activism, died on
Sunday at his home in Brattlebo-
ro, Vt. He was 59. The cause was pancreatic can-
cer, his wife, Lisa Bloch, said. Mr. Bloch had owned a printing
business in Santa Monica, Calif.,
and had no experience as a night-
club owner or a music impresario
when he opened Wetlands in a
former food warehouse on a lone-
ly stretch of Hudson Street in
Manhattan in 1989.
But he was a die-hard fan of
1960s psychedelic rock, particu-
larly the Grateful Dead, and had
become a passionate environ-
mentalist while working with
Greenpeace in the mid-1980s. He
envisioned a music club that
would encourage people to be-
come active in environmental
causes. “I started Wetlands with two
untapped passions of mine in
mind,” he told The New York
Times in 1995. “One was my de-
sire to entertain people,and the
other was my desire to be an ac-
tivist and an environmentalist.”
Wetlands became a center of
the burgeoning jam-band scene,
presenting acts like Phish and
the Dave Matthews Band. Mr.
Bloch also nurtured several New
York acts that went on to become
successful, among them Blues
Traveler, Spin Doctors and Joan
Osborne. Among the other nota-
ble bands that played the club
early in their careers were Pearl
Jam, Oasis,and Hootie and the
Blowfish. A carved wooden sign near the
entrance of the club, an earthy
two-level establishment, carried
Mr. Bloch’s motto: “We Labor to
Birth Our Dance With the Earth.”
Inside, a 1966 Volkwagen van,
plastered with peace stickers,
served as a concession stand,
selling tie-dyed shirts, antiwar
bumper stickers and “Question
Authority” buttons. (The van is
now part of the Rock and Roll
Hall of Fame’s collection.) The
walls were thick with petitions
and fliers. Downstairs was a dark lounge
full of beat-up furniture called the
Inner Sanctum. There Mr. Bloch
held weekly political gatherings,
known as Eco-Saloon sessions, to
discuss topics like animal rights
and the destruction of the rain
forest. He used some of the club’s
profits to hire a staff that or-
ganized petition drives and pro-
Lawrence Clifford Bloch was
born on Sept. 18, 1953, in Philadel-
phia, but grew up on the Upper
East Side of Manhattan. His fa-
ther, Ephraim, owned Perfect Fit
Industries, a bedclothes busi-
ness. His mother, Miriam, was an
art dealer. Mr. Bloch went to high school
at Riverdale Country School in
the Bronx and briefly attended
Washington University in St.
Louis before dropping out to
move to the Los Angeles area.
There he bought a printing busi-
ness and married Laura Bour-
que, whom he had met when she
applied for work in his shop. The couple sold the printing
company and moved east in the
mid-’80s when their son, Aaron,
was born. After Mr. Bloch opened
Wetlands, the family settled in
Fairfield, Conn. The couple di-
vorced in 1995, and she moved
with their son to New Hamp-
Mr. Bloch stayed at Wetlands
for another year, then sold the
club to a 23-year-old concert pro-
moter, Peter Shapiro, extracting
a promise that Mr. Shapiro would
continue to spend at least
$100,000 a year on the club’s envi-
ronmental mission. Wetlands
closed in 2001 when the building
was converted to condominiums.
To be closer to his son, Mr.
Bloch moved to Brattleboro and
opened Save the Corporations
From Themselves, a store that
sold clothing made of hemp and
organic cotton. In a room above
the store he established another
environmentalist salon, the Ac-
tivist Attic. He also founded a
community radio station, WVEW,
where he was the host of a music
show and served as program di-
rector. In addition to his wife and his
son, Mr. Bloch is survived by his
sister, Michele B. Bloch.
Larry Bloch, 59, Built the Wetlands Club
Larry Bloch, who opened the Wetlands Preserve in 1989 at a
former food warehouse located on Hudson Street in TriBeCa.
A businessman mixed rock music
with activism.
Lebbeus Woods, an architect
whose works were rarely built
but who influenced colleagues
and students with defiantly
imaginative drawings and instal-
lations that questioned conven-
tion and commercialism, died on
Tuesday in Manhattan. He was
His death was confirmed by a
longtime colleague, the architect
Steven Holl. Details were not im-
mediately available.
In an era when many archi-
tecture stars earned healthy
commissions designing high-rise
condominiums or corporate
headquarters, Mr. Woods con-
ceived of a radically different en-
vironment, one intended for a
world in conflict. He conceived a post-earth-
quake San Francisco that empha-
sized its seismic vulnerability. He
flew to Sarajevo in the 1990s and
proposed a postwar city in which
destruction and resurgence co-
existed. He imagined a future for
Lower Manhattan in which dams
would hold back the Hudson and
East Rivers to create a vast
gorge around the island, expos-
ing its rock foundation.
“It’s about the relationship of
the relatively small human
scratchings on the surface of the
earth compared to the earth it-
self,” Mr. Woods said of his Man-
hattan drawing in an interview
several years ago with the archi-
tectural Web site Building Blog.
“I think that comes across in the
drawing. It’s not geologically cor-
rect, I’m sure, but the idea is
Mr. Woods’s work was often
described as fantasy and com-
pared to science-fiction imagery.
But he made clear that while he
may not have expected his de-
signs to be built, he wished they
would be — and believed they
could be.
“I’m not interested in living in
a fantasy world,” Mr. Woods told
The New York Times in 2008. “All
my work is still meant to evoke
real architectural spaces. But
what interests me is what the
world would be like if we were
free of conventional limits. May-
be I can show what could happen
if we lived by a different set of
He spread his message from
many platforms. He was a profes-
sor at Cooper Union, spoke at
symposiums around the world
and built sprawling temporary in-
stallations in Austria,Italy,
Southern California and else-
where. He also wrote a well-read
Earlier this year, in a post ex-
plaining why he chose to become
an architect, he said winning
commissions was not a major
motivation. “The arts have not been mere-
ly ornamental, but central to peo-
ple’s struggle to ‘find them-
selves’ in a world without clarity,
or certainty, or meaning,” he
Mr. Woods often criticized
what he saw as a complacent and
distracted status quo in his field.
But his colleagues said his com-
mitment to creating an alterna-
tive showed that he had hope.
“If he really felt as cynical and
skeptical as he sometimes would
say, then why the hell draw this
stuff?” Eric Owen Moss, an ar-
chitect and longtime friend, said
in an interview on Wednesday.
“There’s an incredible amount of
power just in the draftsmanship.
He’s like Durer — you know,
woodcuts, 15th-century stuff.
There’s content — intellectual
content, social content, artistic
content, political content — but
the very act of making these sort
of remarkable things and his
drawing capacity made a kind of
new language.”
Christoph A. Kumpusch, a
longtime friend and colleague
who, like Mr. Woods, taught at
the Cooper Union in New York,
said Mr. Woods “wanted life and
architecture to be a challenge”
and “always wanted us to feel a
little uncomfortable in order to
make things change.”
Mr. Kumpusch collaborated
with Mr. Woods on the only per-
manent structure he built, a pa-
vilion for a housing complex in
Chengdu, China, designed by Mr.
Holl. Called the Light Pavilion,
and completed in October, the pa-
vilion is reached by several glass
and steel bridges and ramps. Lebbeus Bigelow Woods was
born on May 31, 1940, in Lansing,
Mich. His father, an engineer in
the military,died when he was a
teenager. He is survived by his
wife, Aleksandra Wagner; their
daughter, Victoria; a son, Leb-
beus,and daughter, Angela
Bechtel Woods, both from a pre-
vious marriage;and seven
An exhibition of work by Mr.
Woods will be on display at the
San Francisco Museum of Mod-
ern Art beginning in February.
“Outside-the-box” thinking has
become a cliché used in advertis-
ing, corporate strategy and poli-
tics, Mr. Moss said, but Mr.
Woods took it to another level.
“There’s another box, and he’s
outside it,” he said, “He’s outside
all the boxes.”
Lebbeus Woods, Architect, Dies at 72
“ZagrebFreeZone,” left, and “Havana,” two proposed structures created by the architect Lebbeus
Woods. The works are among many that he designed with the hopes of future construction.
Lebbeus Woods at his New
York home in 2008.
Conceiving radical
buildings for a world
in conflict.
co-owner of the Palace Deli
in the Pelham Parkway sec-
tion of the Bronx died Mon-
day,October 29,2012.He is
survived by his wife,Helen;
sister,Miriam Goldzweig;
sister-in-law,Elaine Emanuel;
children,Diane (Hershel),
Peter (Nancy),Alan (Sheryl);
(Laura),Heather,Jeffrey and
November 4th at Noon at the
Riverside Memorial Chapel,
21 West Broad Street,Mt.
Vernon,NY.Contributions to:
The Center for Discovery:
or to:Meir Autism:
We will all miss"THE KID".
Family and friends mourn the
sudden death of our beloved
Jessie Streich-Kest,who died
Monday evening October 29
during Hurricane Sandy.
Jessie was daughter to Fran
Streich and Jon Kest,sister to
Jake,and most precious per-
son to her beloved dog Max.
Services will celebrate her life
– as a teacher,an intensely
loyal friend,and an extraordi-
nary woman – Sunday at
1:00pm at Congregation Beth
Elohim,274 Garfield Place,
WEINSTEIN—Philip,age 83,of
Roslyn Heights,NY,on No-
vember 2,2012,of complica-
tion due to Parkinson's Dis-
ease.Born in Brooklyn,NY,
the son of Abraham and
Clara Weinstein,he was the
loving husband of Estelle
(Greenspan) for 56 years.He
is survived by son Andrew
Weinstein and his wife Va-
lerie of Hillsdale,NJ;daugh-
ter,Marcy Macdonald and
her husband Bruce,of Wilton,
CT;as well as six grandchil-
dren;Zachary,Bari and Seth
Weinstein and Cory,Ian and
Noah Macdonald.Phil is also
survived by a sister,Renee
Weinstein of New York City.
Phil was a longtime membe
of the Fabric Salesman Guild
of New York.Funeral Ser-
vices are to be held on Sun-
day,November 4,12 Noon,at
Schwartz Brothers - Jeffe
Memorial Chapels,Forest
MEMORIAL scheduled for this
til Spring.Lookfor futurenotice
thenof rescheduling.
WINTER—Eleanor L.
Weremember youeachday
Your Family
Aledort, Ruth
Edmund, David
Festinger, Nancy
Goris, Juan
Jones, Tina
Porges, Robert
Randazzo, Frank
Saretsky, Eli
Streich-Kest, Jessie
Weinstein, Philip
ALEDORT—Ruth,75,died at
Mt.Sinai Hospital on No-
vember 2,2012 after a long
and courageous battle with
cancer.She was the beloved
wife of Dr.Louis Aledort for
53 years,devoted parent to
Eric and Nina,and an ador-
ing grandmother to her four
grandchildren.She is also
survived by her mother Ilse
and her brother Stanley.
For many years she worked
as a speech therapist,and
for the last twenty years,
she was an active volunteer
at the Mt.Sinai Breast
Health Center,devoting her
time and energy helping oth-
ers with breast cancer.She
will be remembered forever
and deeply missed.Memori-
al service will be on Novem-
ber 18 with details to follow.
The family will be home on
November 4 and 5 after
2pm.In lieu of flowers,do-
nations can be made to the
Mt.Sinai Breast Health Re-
source Program.
23,1948 - October 26,2012.
Grenada W.I.- Bronx NY.
Devout Jehovah's Witness.
Civil Engineer.Survived by
his four children:Daren,
Joed,Dana and Leada.As
well as seven brothers and
sisters.Will be remembered
for his diligent work ethic,
friendly manner,love of gar-
dening,and good cooking.
FESTINGER—Nancy,aged 57,
beloved daughter of Laura
and Martin,loving sister of
Neal,devoted aunt to Rebec-
ca.Loyal and endearing
friend to many who loved her
and a dedicated and admired
colleague,died on October
31st at home after an illness.
There are few who could
match Nancy for her energy,
zeal,and love of languages,
study,true friendship and
family.Recently retired as
the Chief Interpreter of the
US District Court Southern
District of New York,she was
also a translator of books of
poetry,fiction and non-fiction.
She loved the outdoors and
the wonders she would find
all around her,whether in
Prospect Park,the Berkshires,
or Upstate New York.She
loved the inner magic of mu-
sic,spending hours at the pi-
ano singing and improvising.
Nancy was a zestful traveler,
a Parisian at heart,a
troubadour in her soul,a tire-
less walker,talker,observer
and sketcher of everything
around her.She knew the im-
portance of great humor,she
laughed easily,and she made
others laugh often.Her life
was a beautiful watercolor,
and those lucky enough to
know her will miss her dearly.
GORIS—Juan.Suelopetrol an-
nounces the Christian passing
of:Juan Goris.Beloved hus-
band of our dear friend An-
nerys Betances.The Board
of Directors of Suelopetrol,
along with Henrique Ro-
driguez and Xamaira Rojas
wish to express our deepest
sympathies.God bless him
and may he rest in peace.
JONES—Tina Moreau,on Oc-
tober 27.Beloved mother of
Diedre and wife of the late
Teddy.Tina was a develop-
mental psychologist in the
Department of Psychology,
Queens College where she
taught and published on the
development of infants.Tina
retired as a professor emeri-
tus in 2006.She will be
PORGES—Robert F.,MD.
loyalty,integrity.Flights of
angels sing thee to thy rest.
Robert C.Wallach,MD
RANDAZZO—Frank J.On be-
half of the trustees,adminis-
tration,clinical leadership and
all the employees of New
York Hospital Queens,we
mourn the passing of Frank
Randazzo.Frank Randazzo
was a beacon for New York
Hospital Queens,our Cancer
Center,and the patients
we treat in this community –
all beneficiaries through the
years of his family's generosi-
ty and his founding of The
Frank Randazzo Jr.Founda-
tion.He brought a strong
sense of support for commu-
nity and philanthropy to ev-
erything in which he partici-
pated.He will be missed.Our
deepest condolences go to his
beloved wife,Marie,and his
entire family.
George F.Heinrich,M.D.,
Arthur Dawson,Ph.D.,
Vice Chairman
Stephen S.Mills,
President and CEO
Memorial Services
In Memoriam
S.& P. 500 1,414.20
Dow industrials 13,093.16
Nasdaq composite 2,982.13
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.72%
The euro $1.2829
Restoring Service
Customers are irked when
failures are not fixed con-
clusively and quickly. 6
Facebook builds a time saver that
appears to have a privacy issue.
Hyundai and Kia admit that they
have overstated gas mileage.
Even if you’re not
rich, an adviser like
Jason Cain may help
save your assets. 5
What federal tax rate would
you pay if Mitt Romney were
elected president? And what
would it be if Barack Obama were
re-elected, assuming Congress
goes along with the
candidates’ propos-
Would you pay
more or less in tax?
And how would that
stack up against the
richest Americans like Warren
Buffett, who’s currently paying a
lower rate than his secretary?
Considering how central these
issues have been to the cam-
paign, it’s curious how hard it is
to come up with answers, per-
haps because both candidates
want voters to believe that some-
one’s else’s taxes may have to
rise, but not theirs. Whether Mr.
Romney’s math adds up and
whether taxing the rich would
make a dent in the deficit might
make an interesting public policy
debate, but those issues further
obscure the most basic question,
which is what effect the propos-
als will have on each of us.
I’m not saying voters should
simply vote their pocketbooks.
But I would at least like to know
how much I’m being asked to pay
and what I might expect in re-
turn. This has been especially
true since I discovered this year
that I paid a rate in federal in-
come tax that’s nearly twice as
high as Mr. Romney’s. As I said
then, I’m not faulting Mr. Rom-
ney for taking advantage of the
existing tax code, but that dispar-
ity continues to rankle.
Tax reform and the related is-
sue of economic growth have
been major themes in the cam-
paign that will end on Tuesday.
The economy has taken center
stage, and both candidates have JAMES B.
SENSE Continued on Page 7
The Tax Bite
With Obama
And Romney
Right or wrong, many voters
think their elected representa-
tives are above it all financially. With their salaries of $174,000
(or more for those in leadership
roles), senators and
members of Congress
are paid more than most
of us. These days, many
of them need enough
money in the first place
to jump-start their cam-
paigns. But there have to be some law-
makers who have suffered as
much as many of their constitu-
ents in the last four years, have
changed the way they legislate
because of it and learned some
lessons worth sharing, right?
Representative Robert Turner,
a Republican from New York
City, lost his house in a fire after
the storm this week.So for him
the wound is still raw.
Senator Mike Lee, a Republi-
can from Utah who may have the
lowest net worth of the 100 sena-
tors, sold his home in a short sale.
I hoped to speak to him about it,
but his media representative, Bri-
an Phillips, said in an e-mail that
my column idea “has to be the sil-
liest thing I’ve ever heard.”
Then there is Representative
Joe Walsh, a freshman Republi-
can who represents the suburbs
northwest of Chicago. He proudly
claims the mantle of America’s
poorest congressman, telling Chi-
cago magazine that he’s “No.1 in
poverty.” In the last few years, ROBERT NEUBECKER
Continued on Page 4
Being Elected
Is No Shield
Money Woes
Dr. Bryan A. Cotton, a trauma surgeon in
Houston,had not heard much about the new an-
ticlotting drug Pradaxa other than the commer-
cials he had seen during Sunday football games.
Then people using Pradaxa started showing
up in his emergency room. One man in his 70s fell
at home and arrived at the hospital alert and talk-
ing. But he rapidly declined.“We pretty much
threw the whole kitchen sink at him,” recalled Dr.
Cotton, who works at Memorial Hermann-Texas
Medical Center.“But he still bled to death on the
Unlike warfarin, an older drug, there is no
antidote to reverse the blood-thinning effects of
“You feel helpless,” Dr. Cotton said. The drug
has contributed to the bleeding deaths of at least
eight patients at the hospital. “And that’s a very
bad feeling for us.”
Pradaxa has become a blockbuster drug in its
two years on the market, bringing in more than $1
billion in sales for its maker, the privately held
German drug maker Boehringer Ingelheim.
But Pradaxa has been linked to more than 500
deaths in the United States,and a chorus of com-
plaints has risen from doctors, victims’ families
and others in the medical community, who worry
that the approval process was not sufficiently rig-
APromising Drug With a Flaw
With No Antidote, an Anti-Stroke Drug Has Been Linked to Bleeding Deaths Dr. Bryan Cot-
ton in the emer-
gency room at
Memorial Her-
Medical Center
in Houston. He
says Pradaxa
has contributed
to the deaths of
eight people at
the hospital.
“And that’s a
very bad feeling
for us,” he said. Continued on Page 2
The American job market is
looking a little stronger than had
been feared just a few months
ago, according to the govern-
ment’s final labor snapshot be-
fore the presidential election. Whoever wins the election on
Tuesday might even inherit an
accelerating economy in 2013, if
(and that is a big if) Congress is
able to smooth over that pesky
fiscal cliff in the few weeks after
the election. The nation’s employers added
171,000 positions on net in Octo-
ber,the Labor Department re-
ported on Friday, and more jobs
than initially estimated in August
and September. Hiring was
broad-based, with just nearly ev-
ery industry except state govern-
ment adding jobs. The unemploy-
ment rate ticked up slightly to 7.9
percent in October, from 7.8 per-
cent in September, but for a good
reason: more workers joined the
labor force and so officially
counted as unemployed.
None of this makes for a game-
changer in the presidential race,
analysts said. But it appeared to
provide some relief for President
Obama, whose campaign could
have been sideswiped by bad
news from the volatile monthly
jobs report.With the latest num-
bers,the economy finally shows a
net gain of jobs during his presi-
dency. His record had previously
been weighed down by huge lay-
offs in his first year in office after
the financial crisis. The report also allayed wide-
spread suspicion that Septem-
ber’s plunge in the unemploy-
ment rate — to below 8 percent
for the first time since the month
he took office — might have been
a one-month statistical fluke.
“Generally, the report shows
that things are better than we’d
expected and certainly better
than we’d thought a few months
ago,” said Paul Dales,senior
United States economist for Cap-
ital Economics. “But we’re still
not making enough progress to
bring that unemployment rate U.S. Adds
171,000 Jobs,
More Than
Continued on Page 2
WASHINGTON —As long lines persisted
at gas stations in the New York metropoli-
tan area, federal authorities moved on Fri-
day to restore supplies, instructing the De-
fense Department to send 24 million gallons
of fuel to the region and lifting restrictions
on deliveries by foreign-flagged ships.
With the reopening of the Port of New
York to tankers on Thursday, and the return
of a critical Northeast fuel pipeline to full ca-
pacity on Friday, the biggest outstanding
problems are the lack of power at hundreds
of gas stations and continued panic buying
by the public, industry officials said. Because electricity will not be restored in
parts of central New Jersey for seven to 10
days, gasoline shortages may remain severe
in some areas. As of Friday, according to
AAA, only 40 to 50 percent of the gas sta-
tions in New York City and New Jersey
were operating, and even fewer were oper-
ating on Long Island.Most of the stations
were out of service because of power fail-
ures. “We have seen some stations open as
power is restored, but other stations have
closed while running out of gas,” said Mi-
chael Green, an AAA spokesman. “The long
lines and supply problems will go away once
power is restored.”
The Obama administration,realizing the
political peril if it were to be blamed for fuel
shortages in the days before the election,
significantly accelerated its response on Fri-
It authorized the Defense Department to Military to Deliver Fuel to Storm-Ravaged Region GENSCAPE REFINERY INTELLIGENCE REPORT
Crews are working to contain oil in
the Bayway Refinery in Linden, N.J.
Continued on Page 6
Chantal Sainvilus, a home health aide in
Brooklyn who makes $10 an hour, does not
get paid if she does not show up. So it is no
wonder that she joined the thousands of
people taking extreme measures to get to
work this week, even, in her case, hiking
over the Williamsburg Bridge. While salaried employees worked if they
could, often from home after Hurricane
Sandy, many of the poorest New Yorkers
faced the prospect of losing days, even a
Since 2009, when the recovery began, 86
percent of the jobs added nationally have
been hourly. Over all, about 60 percent of
the nation’s jobs are hourly. Even as the sluggish economy has accen-
tuated this divide, Hurricane Sandy has act-
ed as a further wedge, threatening to take a
far greater toll on the have-littles who live
from paycheck to paycheck. “There’s a lot of people in our society that
are living in a very precarious situation in crucial week, of pay on top of the economic
ground they have lost since the recession.
Low-wage workers, more likely to be paid
hourly and work at the whim of their em-
ployers, have fared worse in the recovery
than those at the top of the income scale —
in New York City the bottom 20 percent lost
$463 in annual income from 2010 to 2011, in
contrast to a gain of almost $2,000 for the
top quintile. And there are an increasing
number of part-time and hourly workers,
the type that safety net programs like un-
employment are not designed to serve.
For Some After the Storm, No Work Means No Pay
Continued on Page 6
Muta Prather,
who missed three
days of work be-
cause his em-
ployer’s plant
was flooded,
doesn’t know
how he’ll pay for
repairs to the
roof of his West
Orange, N.J.,
Following are the most popular business news articles on from Oct. 26 through Nov. 1: 1. Family of Wen Jiabao Holds a Hidden Fortune in China 2. Apple Shake-Up Could Lead to Design Shift 3. Citi Chairman Is Said to Have Planned Pandit’s Exit for Months 4. A Part-Time Life, as Hours Shrink and Shift for American Workers
5. Wealth Matters: Armstrong’s Fortune Likely to Withstand Doping
Charges 6. Withdrawal of a Congressional Research Report on Tax Rates
Raises Questions
7. The Media Equation: Chasing Lance Armstrong’s Misdeeds From
the Sidelines 8. After Hurricane Sandy, Stock Exchanges Prepare to Open 9. As Obama Accepts Offers, Late-Night Television Longs for
Romney 10. Sally Kohn, a Liberal Pundit, Is in the Spotlight at Fox And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. Disney Buying Lucasfilm for $4 Billion (Media Decoder) 2. I.B.M. Reports Nanotube Chip Breakthrough (Bits)
3. In Shake-Up, Apple’s Mobile Software and Retail Chiefs to Depart
4. Like Apple, Google Now Has Devices That Come in Three Sizes
5. Disruptions: Apple’s New iPads and Planned Obsolescence in
Strong Opening for Shares in Restoration Hardware
Stock in Restoration Hardware, the home furnishings retailer, surged in
its trading debut on Friday. Its shares opened at $32.28, more than 35
percent higher than their initial offer price, and closed at $31.10, giving
the company a market value of $1.15 billion. The company already
looked on track for a strong debut, with its shares having priced Thurs-
day night at $24, the top of their range. All told, Restoration Hardware
raised about $123.8 million in its offering. The company’s cut of the pro-
ceeds will be used to pay down debt taken on by its 2008 leveraged
buyout. Several existing shareholders will also cash out some of their
Another Legal Problem for Nomura
Nomura, the Japanese bank, said Friday it was likely involved in a new
insider trading case, months after the firm’s chief executive, Kenichi
Watanabe, resigned following similar allegations. Nomura has been en-
gulfed in an insider trading investigation since the bank acknowledged
this year that employees leaked information on at least three public of-
ferings in 2010 to favored fund managers. The clients then profited from
trading on the stocks ahead of the expected drop in the companies’
shares. The latest case relates to activities by the hedge fund Japan Ad-
visory, which is subject to a fine recommended by Japanese authorities.
Nomura said that Japan Advisory might have traded ahead of the pub-
lic offering of the Japanese chipmaker Elpida last year. The hedge fund
traded the stock for a profit after it realized that Nomura, which was un-
derwriting the capital raising, had left the company off its research re-
ports in the run-up to the sale. The Japanese bank, which reported a
small net profit of 2.8 billion yen ($35 million) in the three months that
ended Sept. 30, has announced a $1 billion cost reduction plan. Shares in
Nomura rose 4.2 percent in Tokyo on Friday.
Washington Post Company Posts a Quarterly Profit
The Washington Post Company reported a third-quarter profit on Fri-
day, reversing a loss from the same period a year earlier and setting off
a 5 percent gain in its share price. The company reported net income of
$93.8 million, or $12.64 a share, in the period. A year ago, the Post Com-
pany, best known for the Washington Post newspaper, booked a loss of
$6.2 million, or 82 cents a share. The third quarter of 2011 included one-
time charges of $3.5 million, or 44 cents a share, related to severance
and restructuring at Kaplan, an education unit that provides more than
half of its revenue. Excluding those items, the company would have
earned $4.95 a share in that quarter. The Post’’s latest quarter included
a one-time charge of $7.6 million, or $1.02 a share, in early retirement,
severance and restructuring costs at its newspaper publishing division
and at Kaplan. Still, there were fewer charges than last year.Revenue in
the most recent quarter was $1.01 billion, about the same as a year earli-
er. Stock in the company, which is based in Washington, rose $17.05, or 5
percent, to $356.50 a share. (AP)
supposed to be a shortcut for
Facebook users to log into their
pages ended up exposing their
e-mail addresses — and,in some
cases, potentially allowing access
to their accounts as well.
A Facebook spokesman said on
Friday that the company had cre-
ated the shortcut, called auto
login, to let some users go di-
rectly to their pages by clicking
on a Web link sent to their e-mail
addresses. Once they clicked on
the link, they could get into their
accounts, rather than having to
go to and log in. Some of the links required us-
ers to type their passwords, while
others did not, the company said.
On the Web site Hacker News,
a technology discussion board,
Matt Jones, an engineer at Face-
book,said the company had of-
fered the service for “ease of
use” and never made the Web ad-
dresses “publicly available.”
But they did become publicly
available, as the discussion on
Hacker News revealed on Friday.
The Facebook spokesman,
Frederic Wolens,said some users
may have posted the links on the
Web, allowing anyone to search
for them on the Web.Those links
could give a stranger access to
the Facebook pages connected to
them, as well as the e-mail ad-
dresses of those users. Mr.
Wolens said he had no explana-
tion why someone would post the
links. When Facebook found the
problem, it discontinued the
The Hacker News thread said
over one million Facebook ac-
counts had been affected. Face-
book could not confirm that fig-
ure on Friday afternoon.
TrendMicro, a private security
company that offers safety tools
for Facebook users, said Web ad-
dress shortcuts were inherently
dangerous because they could ul-
timately end up on the Web.
“Many, many hackers are tar-
geting these portals because of
the ubiquitous trust and use of
them,” said Tom Kellermann,
vice president for cybersecurity
at TrendMicro.He added,“You
don’t take shortcuts through
woods in cyberspace.”
The news of the security hole
comes a week after a Bulgarian
blogger,Bogomil Shopov,said he
had bought 1.1 million Facebook
users’ names and e-mail address-
es on the Web for $5.He found
the information for sale on a mar-
ketplace site,
items are no longer available.
Mr. Wolens of Facebook said
the data had been acquired and
compiled by someone who took
whatever information Facebook
users made public on their pages
— and from other publicly avail-
able data about those users. Mr. Kellermann of Trend Micro
said the problem with the short-
cut could explain how the names
and e-mail addresses that Mr.
Shopov had found became public.
Facebook said the security flaw
and the user data for sale had
nothing to do with each another. “We have no reason whatso-
ever to believe that these two in-
cidents are related,” Mr. Wolens
Facebook Cancels Shortcut
Over Concern for Security down significantly and rapidly.”
Mitt Romney, the Republican
presidential nominee, said in a
statement that the jobs report
was evidence of the need to
change the nation’s economic
“Today’s increase in the unem-
ployment rate is a sad reminder
that the economy is at a virtual
standstill,” he said. He also noted
that October’s unemployment
rate of 7.9 percent was higher
than the 7.8 percent when Mr.
Obama took office in January
2009.Unemployment peaked at
10 percent in October of Mr. Oba-
ma’s first year in office, and has
been skidding downward very,
very slowly since then. Economists were hopeful that
once the election was over and
Congress addressed the major
fiscal tightening scheduled for
the end of this year, job and out-
put growth could speed up fur-
“If we can do this kind of job
growth with all the uncertainty
out there, imagine if we were to
clear up those tax issues and hold
back the majority of tax in-
creases that are pending at the
end of the year,” said John Ryd-
ing,chief economist at RDQ Eco-
nomics. “We could do much bet-
ter in 2013, maybe as well as we
appeared to be doing earlier this
The jobs snapshot for October
was based on surveys conducted
too early in the month to capture
work disruptions across the East
Coast caused by Hurricane
Sandy. Economists expect that
businesses and employment will
resume their normal activity by
the next jobs survey, in mid-No-
vember, and that some industries
will even show an increase in hir-
ing because of the storm.
“We had a lot of lost hours
worked and production stuff still
delayed, but much of that will be
offset by hiring of emergency
workers, government workers
and construction, to do all that
emergency fixing,” said Diane
Swonk,chief economist at Mesi-
row Financial.
In October, the biggest job
gains were in professional and
business services, health care
and retail trade, the Labor De-
partment said. Government pay-
rolls dipped slightly. State and lo-
cal governments have been shed-
ding jobs in most months over
the last three years. One of the low points of the re-
port was in hourly wages, which
remained flat in October after
showing barely any growth in the
previous several months. “Perhaps the decline in real
wages is a factor here in being
able to employ more people,” Mr.
Ryding said. “It’s something to
keep in mind when we think
about creating jobs and whether
we’re maybe creating the wrong
sort of jobs.” A report from the National Em-
ployment Law Project, a liberal
research and advocacy organiza-
tion that focuses on labor issues,
found that while the majority of
jobs lost in the downturn were
middle-income jobs, the majority
of the jobs created since then had
been lower-wage ones. Stock markets opened higher
after the jobs report on Friday,
but fell for the day, apparently
weighed down later by a number
of concerns from the possible lin-
gering effects of the storm to the
uncertainty about the outcome of
the election.
The United States has now
posted job gains for 25 consec-
utive months, but the increases
have been barely large enough to
absorb the increase in the work-
ing population. About 12 million
unemployed people remain wait-
ing for work, with about two out
of five of those people out of a job
for more than six months. That is in addition to more than
eight million people who are
working part time but really
want full-time jobs.
“I’m not just competing
against all the other people who
are out of work,” said Griff Coxey,
57, of Cascade, Wis., who was laid
off in May from his controller job
at a small business. “I’m also
competing against all those peo-
ple who are actually working but
are underemployed.”
Like two million other idle
workers, Mr. Coxey is scheduled
to lose his unemployment bene-
fits the last week of the year,
when the federal extensions ex-
pire. He said he still had some
savings to fall back on, but many
workers do not. Labor advocates and many
economists have been urging
Congress to renew the benefits as
part of their discussions of the
“fiscal cliff” during their post-
election session. So far, though,
the issue has received little atten-
tion, and analysts worry that
ending extended benefits could
disrupt whatever forward mo-
mentum the economy has.
“Federal unemployment bene-
fits are one of the most effective
stimuli we have,” said Christine
L. Owens, the executive director
of the National Employment Law
“The recovery is still fragile,”
she said, “and to pull that amount
of income and expenditure out of
the economy — particularly at a
time when people thinking about
the holiday season — will have a
significant impact on not just
those individuals and their fam-
ilies, but the economy as a
Friday’s jobs report was un-
likely to affect policy from the
Federal Reserve, which has
pledged open-ended stimulus un-
til the job market improves “sub-
“The Fed desires both a sub-
stantial and sustainable improve-
ment in labor market conditions
and is likely to read recent pay-
roll growth as a positive step in
the right direction, but just one
step in a longer journey,” said Mi-
chael Gapen, director of United
States research and global asset
allocation at Barclays Capital.
United States Added 171,000 Jobs in October From First Business Page
The Labor Picture in October
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Figures are seasonally adjusted, except where noted.
*Hispanics can be of any race. †Not seasonally adjusted. §People not working who say they would like to be. Includes discouraged workers or those who cannot work for reasons including ill health.
Nonfarm payroll, 12-month change
% 58.8
pt0.4 0.3 +
Labor force (workers and unemployed)
In millions
Working part time, but want full-time work
People who currently want a job
Less than high school
High school
Some college
Bachelor’s or higher
In millions
+ 1.5
In weeks
$811.15 0.3
– %1.5+
Nearly every industry
gained, except state
tients’ lawyers have begun turn-
ing their attention to the drug.
More than 100 lawsuits have been
filed in federal courts and law-
yers say thousands more are ex-
When the F.D.A. approved Pra-
daxa in October 2010, the drug
was hailed as the first in a new
category of replacements for
warfarin, the nearly 60-year-old
drug used to prevent strokes in
people with a heart-rhythm dis-
order known as atrial fibrillation. Warfarin requires careful mon-
itoring of a patient’s diet and
drug regimen, and frequent blood
tests to ensure that it is working.
Pradaxa required no such mon-
itoring and, compared with war-
farin, appeared to be better at
preventing strokes. Sales of the drug took off. By
the end of 2011, after just over a
year on the market, 17 percent of
patients with atrial fibrillation
were being prescribed Pradaxa,
compared with 44 percent for
warfarin, according to a study re-
leased in September.About
725,000 patients in the United
States have used the drug, ac-
cording to the F.D.A. But almost as soon as doctors
started prescribing Pradaxa, con-
cerns surfaced about its safety.
Pradaxa was identified as the pri-
mary suspect in 542 patient
deaths reported to the F.D.A. in
2011, and was linked to more re-
ports of injury or death than any
of the more than 800 drugs reg-
ularly monitored by the Institute
for Safe Medication Practices, a
nonprofit based in Pennsylvania
that monitors medicine safety.
Dr. Mosley said he found it
“shocking, just shocking” that
the F.D.A. approved Pradaxa,
which is also called dabigatran,
even though no antidote was
In a statement, the F.D.A. said,
“the lack of an antidote notwith-
standing, dabigatran was superi-
or to warfarin in preventing
strokes in a large clinical trial.
The rates of bleeding were simi-
lar.” In the study it released on
Friday, the F.D.A. examined
health insurance claims and hos-
pital data and reached a similar
Warfarin, which is also known
by the brand name Coumadin,
can often be reversed by giving a
patient vitamin K or other sub-
stances. Warfarin, too, can be
deadly but, doctors said, they at
least have options.
“The practical experience is
that once hemorrhagic complica-
tions occur in this drug, it is much
more likely to be a catastrophe
than with Coumadin,” said Dr.
Richard H. Schmidt, an associate
professor of neurosurgery at the
University of Utah, who treated
an 83-year-old man who died
from bleeding and was using Pra-
Boehringer Ingelheim recom-
mends treating bleeding patients
with dialysis to help flush the
drug from the body, although it
notes that “the amount of data
supporting this approach is lim-
ited.” Several doctors said that op-
tion was not realistic. “People
that are bleeding to death aren’t
going to tolerate being put on di-
alysis,” Dr. Cotton said.
Two other new drugs intended
as warfarin replacements also
lack antidotes. Doctors said they
had not seen as many bleeding
deaths associated with Xarelto,
which was approved in 2011 and
is sold by Bayer and Johnson &
Johnson.On Friday, the F.D.A.
approved Xarelto to also treat
deep vein thrombosis and pulmo-
nary embolism, two kinds of
blood clots. Pradaxa is approved
in the United States only to pre-
vent stroke in patients with atrial
fibrillation.A third drug, Eliquis,
by Bristol-Myers Squibb and Pfi-
zer, has not yet been approved by
the F.D.A. Representatives for
both drugs said trials showed
their products were safe, adding
that the companies were investi-
gating different antidotes.Boehr-
inger Ingelheim is expected to
present several new studies of
Pradaxa’s safety and efficacy —
including one that examines po-
tential antidotes —at the Ameri-
can Heart Association scientific
conference next week in Los An-
Some cardiologists have said
that Pradaxa and the other new
drugs represent real advances
over warfarin. Around 40 percent
of people with atrial fibrillation
do not take any drugs for it, a re-
cent study showed, putting them
at risk for strokes. “I think the benefit of the drug
clearly exceeds the risk because
to me, a disabling stroke has a
greater weight than a bleeding
complication,” said Dr. Sanjay
Kaul, a cardiologist at Cedars-
Sinai Medical Center in Los An-
geles and a member of the F.D.A.
committee that voted to approve
But those calculations make lit-
tle sense to Walter Daumler, who
said he watched his 78-year-old
sister, Doris, bleed to death in
May. Mr. Daumler, who lives in
Wisconsin, has hired a lawyer
and is considering suing. He said
the doctors told him that because
she was on Pradaxa, there was
nothing they could do.
“My No.1 goal is to stop this in-
sidious drug,” Mr. Daumler said.
“To get this off the market, so
others will not undergo or wit-
ness what I saw.” orous because it allowed a po-
tentially dangerous drug to be
sold without an option for re-
versing its effects. Pradaxa is an example, some
critics say, of what can happen
when a drug that performs well
in tightly controlled trials is re-
leased into the messy world of
real-life medicine. Boehringer
Ingelheim said it was working on
developing an antidote but that
even without one, patients in a
large clinical trial died at roughly
the same rate as those who were
taking warfarin.
The Food and Drug Adminis-
tration released a report on Fri-
day that found that the drug did
not show a higher risk of bleeding
than for patients taking warfarin.
The report did not address the
lack of an antidote for Pradaxa.
“The evolving spontaneous re-
porting patterns do not indicate a
change in the favorable benefit-
risk profile of Pradaxa, when
used correctly according to the
approved label,” Boehringer
Ingelheim said in a statement. In
other words, the drug is still safe.
But some reports have indicated
that doctors are not sufficiently
cautious when prescribing Pra-
daxa, giving the drug to older
people or those with kidney prob-
lems even though there is evi-
dence that the bleeding risks are
higher in those groups. The com-
pany recommends testing pa-
tients’ kidney function before
prescribing Pradaxa and notes
that the risk of bleeding in-
creases with age. “The problem is that the peo-
ple that prescribe this, as a gen-
eral rule, are cardiologists and
family practitioners,” said Dr.
Mark L. Mosley, director of the
emergency room at Wesley Med-
ical Center in Wichita, Kan.“The
people that see the harm are your
E.R. docs and your trauma docs.”
Critics say that at least until an
antidote is found, better disclo-
sure or more limited use of Pra-
daxa may be preferable. Pa-
An Anti-Stroke Drug Is Linked to Bleeding Deaths
From First Business Page
Pradaxa, only two years on the
market, has brought in more
than $1 billion in sales.
HEcredit crisis, which
made it difficult if not im-
possible for companies
and individuals to bor-
row during the worldwide reces-
sion, appears to have returned to
In the euro area as a whole, the
amount of credit outstanding has
fallen to levels lower than they
were a year ago, according to fig-
ures released last week by the
European Central Bank. In some
countries within the euro zone,
including Italy and Spain, credit
is falling at a faster rate now than
it did during the first crisis.
The difficulty in obtaining
credit seems likely to make it
even harder for the countries
that have been hurt the most to
recover and begin to grow again.
The figures show that while the
E.C.B. has relieved the immedi-
ate financial pressures on both
governments and banks by mak-
ing it easy for them to borrow, it
has not managed to extend that
easy credit to those who need
money the most. The first of the accompanying
charts shows 12-month changes
in the amounts of loans outstand-
ing in the 17 countries that make
up the euro zone, and the lower
charts show the state of lending
in several of the countries. The
bolder of the two lines in each
chart shows the change in out-
standing loans to nonfinancial
companies, while the other line
shows changes in total loans to
households, a figure that includes
both home mortgages and con-
sumer loans.
In the middle of the last dec-
ade, loans were growing rapidly
in many countries. Interest rates
had fallen sharply as markets
concluded there was no good rea-
son for rates to be much higher in
one euro zone country than an-
other. After all, the currency risk
was identical in all the countries.
In Ireland and Spain, the easy
credit helped to finance large
housing bubbles, which then
burst during the crisis. In both of
those countries, the amount of
outstanding loans rose at a pace
above 30 percent a year at the
peak of the cycle.
A falling total of loans means
that on a net basis, no new loans
are being issued, although banks
might be relending some of the
money being repaid on old loans.
In some cases, particularly in Ire-
land, the amount of loans out-
standing has plunged not be-
cause loans are being repaid but
because they are being written
Some countries seem unaffect-
ed. In Finland, which has been
among the most vocal in demand-
ing austerity in the troubled
countries, the amount of loans
outstanding continues to grow at
a rate of more than 5 percent a
year. In Austria and Germany,
loan volume is also rising, al-
though at a slower rate.
But in Portugal, the amount of
corporate loans outstanding is
now lower than it was in the
spring of 2008, before the collapse
of Lehman Brothers sent world
credit markets tumbling. In Ire-
land, loan totals to both compa-
nies and households have fallen
to 2005 levels.
In Europe, a Repeat of the Loan Crisis
’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11
+ 5
– 5
After showing signs of recovery last year, outstanding loans have begun to decline again in the euro zone as a whole, as capital is withdrawn from the most troubled countries
ear-over-year change in outstanding loans
Return of the Credit Squeeze
Corporate loans
Household loans
Source: European Central Bank via Haver Analytics
*The Benelux countries are Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg
Floyd Norris comments on fi-
nance and the economy at
With the holidays approaching,
Warren E. Buffett has found a
way to stock up on elf hats and
reindeer paper plates: by buying
an 80-year-old retailer overflow-
ing with them.
On Friday, Mr. Buffett’s com-
pany, Berkshire Hathaway,
agreed to buy the Oriental Trad-
ing Company,acquiring a cata-
log-based arts-and-crafts compa-
ny whose wares include Santa
doorknob kits and a color-your-
own Christmas photo holder.
Berkshire paid about $500 mil-
lion, according to people briefed
on the matter.
“Oriental Trading is a leader in
its industry, has a strong man-
agement team and delivers ex-
ceptional customer value and
service,” Mr. Buffett said in a
statement. “We are delighted to
have them join the Berkshire
Hathaway family and continue
their quest to make the world
more fun.”
The deal signals the end to a
series of ownership changes for
Oriental Trading, which has been
passed among private equity
firms and retooled under bank-
ruptcy protection. Its current
owners include Kohlberg Kravis
Roberts,which took a big stake in
it during the Chapter 11 process.
Oriental Trading was founded
in 1932 by Harry Watanabe, a
Japanese immigrant in Omaha
who found a profitable niche in
selling Kewpie dolls and other
trinkets through local stores and
His son, Terry, expanded the
business enormously by bolster-
ing a catalog business that drew
in direct sales to churches and
schools. Terry Watanabe sold
Oriental Trading to Brentwood
Associates in 2000. Six years lat-
er, Brentwood sold it to the Car-
lyle Group for $1 billion. K.K.R.
had also looked at buying the
company through its private eq-
uity unit, but was outbid.
Soon afterward, however, Ori-
ental Trading struggled with both
rising mailing costs and the re-
cession, as well as the enormous
amount of debt that was placed
on the company. The company
filed for bankruptcy in 2010,
prompting K.K.R.’s special situa-
tions team to consider expanding
upon a small investment in the
retailer’s debt. The division spe-
cializes in investing in distressed
companies, usually by buying
debt or providing rescue financ-
ing. It currently oversees about
$2 billion.
Early in 2011, the unit bought
up what eventually became one-
third of Oriental Trading’s first-
lien debt, putting K.K.R. in line to
take control by converting its
holdings into equity. Using
knowledge gleaned by the lever-
aged buyout side years earlier,
the team decided that the retailer
appeared headed for a recovery
and would make an attractive in-
“In our view the business was
stabilizing and starting to turn
positive,” Jamie Weinstein,a co-
head of the special situations
group, said in an interview. “That
was a different view from a lot of
distressed investors at the time.”
In recent months, K.K.R. and
the company’s other owners, Par
IV Capital Management and the
Crescent Capital Group, decided
to look for a potential exit, ac-
cording to people briefed on the
process. Oriental Trading hired
Lazard as an adviser to reach out
to potential buyers, including
Given Mr. Buffett’s aversion to
bidding in auctions, bankers
showed Berkshire a number for a
potential deal, one of these peo-
ple said. He accepted.
The deal has been a good one
for K.K.R., which should earn
twice its initial investment, ac-
cording to the people briefed on
the process. Jeremiah Lane,another mem-
ber of the K.K.R. team,said in a
statement: “Over the past two
years the company has transi-
tioned to steady growth, both top
and bottom line, and there is no
question the company has a
bright future as part of the Berk-
shire Hathaway enterprise.”
Berkshire to Buy Retailer
Of Arts and Crafts Wares
Chief executive of Berkshire
Hathaway, Warren E. Buffett.
DETROIT — The South Kore-
an carmakers Hyundai and Kia
built their brands around the idea
that their cars got better gas
mileage than competitors, pro-
moting that fact in ads that often
took swipes at less efficient ri-
vals. But on Friday, the companies
admitted that they had overstat-
ed the fuel economy of 900,000 ve-
hicles sold in the United States
over the last two years — about
one-third of the vehicles they sold
during that period.
Hyundai and Kia, which are
both owned by the Hyundai Mo-
tor Group,said they would begin
a broad effort to reimburse con-
sumers and restate mileage esti-
mates for the affected models.
The admission followed an in-
vestigation by the Environmental
Protection Agency into consumer
complaints that their cars were
underperforming the official
mileage estimates on the window
stickers of new Hyundai and Kia
vehicles.While few drivers
achieve the stickered mileage
levels under real-world condi-
tions, the government requires
automakers to conduct standard-
ized tests to calculate the figures
so that buyers can more easily
compare the fuel efficiency of
various models.
Hyundai and Kia apologized to
customers for what they called
“procedural errors” in testing
that resulted in incorrect mileage
stickers on some of their most
popular models, like the Hyundai
Elantra and Kia Rio. It is a costly setback for the
companies, which are among the
fastest-growing carmakers in the
United States and self-pro-
claimed leaders in the highly
competitive area of fuel economy.
“Given the importance of fuel
efficiency to all of us, we’re ex-
tremely sorry about these er-
rors,” said John Krafcik,the chief
executive of Hyundai’s American
The E.P.A. did not announce
any sanctions or fines against ei-
ther carmaker, and said both
companies agreed to voluntarily
lower fuel estimates on a major-
ity of their new cars and S.U.V.’s.
“Consumers rely on the win-
dow sticker to help make in-
formed choices about the cars
they buy,” said Gina McCarthy,
an agency official. “E.P.A.’s in-
vestigation will help protect con-
sumers and ensure a level play-
ing field among automakers.”
Hyundai and Kia now face a
protracted struggle to restore
their reputations.
“In an industry where reputa-
tion is so important, this will un-
doubtedly give both carmakers
ugly black eyes,” said John
O’Dell,an analyst at the auto re-
search firm
To compensate customers who
bought cars with the inaccurate
stickers, the companies will offer
debit cards to reimburse them for
the difference between the stated
gas mileage and the actual
amount of gas used in their vehi-
The companies said their deal-
ers would check vehicle odom-
eters to see how much more cus-
tomers spent on gas than they
would have if the window stick-
ers had been accurate. That
amount,in addition to a 15 per-
cent “inconvenience” bonus,will
then be refunded.
The company estimated that
the average debit card will be for
about $88, based on a typical car
driven 15,000 miles this year that
had an overstated fuel economy
of 1 mile per gallon. Current own-
ers will be able to refresh the
card as long as they own the vehi-
Mr. Krafcik declined to esti-
mate the total cost of the pro-
gram, which could run into the
tens of millions of dollars. “We’re
going to spend what it takes to
make it right,” he said.
The companies will also re-
place mileage stickers on large
numbers of unsold cars, and run
newspaper ads explaining the
mistakes and reaffirming their
commitment to delivering good
fuel economy.
The E.P.A. said it discovered
the mileage discrepancies during
a continuing fuel-economy audit
program that covers vehicles
made by various manufacturers.
The agency said it was aware
of consumer complaints about
Hyundai mileage estimates when
its audit found a difference in the
stated and actual fuel economy
mileage of an Elantra sedan. The
E.P.A. then expanded its testing
to other Kia and Hyundai models.
The agency said its investiga-
tion was continuing.
“Although it took more than a
year, the E.P.A. did catch the dis-
crepancies,” Mr. O’Dell said.
The companies said the mis-
stated mileage figures were a re-
sult of internal errors in testing
the vehicles for E.P.A. certifica-
The government has standard
testing procedures it requires all
automakers to use to produce
mileage estimates, which can
then be displayed on cars for sale
in dealer showrooms.
The tests measure aerodynam-
ic drag on vehicles, how much en-
ergy is used to overcome road re-
sistance and the amount of fuel
used to drive the engine and
In the case of Hyundai and Kia,
errors in testing caused inaccu-
rate mileage estimates that were
one to six miles per gallon higher
than the vehicles were capable of.
The companies gave no explana-
tion for the wide band of errors.
The corrective actions agreed
to by the carmakers will have an
immediate effect on their market-
ing efforts.
The fleet average of all Hyun-
dai and Kia models combined will
be reduced by 3 percent,to 26
miles per gallon from 27. Also,
Hyundai will retract widely pub-
licized claims that four of its mod-
els get 40 miles per gallon on the
Mr. O’Dell of Edmunds said
that falling out of the 40 m.p.g.
category could hurt sales, partic-
ularly when competitors are also
advertising that figure as a new
benchmark for fuel economy.
The E.P.A. said that it had
twice before required manufac-
turers to relabel a vehicle’s fuel
economy since 2000, but that this
was the first instance where mul-
tiple models from the same car-
maker had overstated mileage
Hyundai and Kia Acknowledge Overstating the Gas Mileage of Vehicles
Kia cars awaiting shipment to foreign countries at Pyeongtaek, South Korea.The E.P.A. said the company had agreed to lower its fuel estimates on many vehicles. B4
Tips for Setting Financial Goals
If you managed to get unstuck and created your personal balance
sheet recently, then you should have a really clear idea of where you
are today. The next questions you need to address are: Where do you
want to go? What are your financial goals?
This can be frustrating, since it involves making some important
decisions under extreme uncertainty. None of us know where we will
be in 30 years. On top of that, making financial goals involves a whole
bunch of assumptions — guesses, really.
We have to guess what our 60-to-80-year-old self will want to do. We
have to guess what the markets will do, where interest rates will be
and how much we can save. So we often forget that this is a process.
We get stuck, unsure what to do next.
Well, despite all the uncertainty and assumptions we need to have
goals. Here are a few things to consider.
But you should still make them the best guesses
you can. Be specific. Just saying, “I want to save for college for my
kids,” isn’t enough. How about, “I’ll find $100 to add to a specific 529
account on the 15th of each month”?
It’s a continuing process, and it will change be-
cause life changes. But don’t let this knowledge stop you from doing it. GOALS ARE A DESTINATION
You would never spend a bunch of time
and energy worrying about whether you should take a car, train or
plane without first deciding where you are going. Why are you stress-
ing about what stocks to pick if you don’t have goals in mind?
Once you have them all written down, rank
each goal in terms of importance and urgency. Sometimes you will
have to deal with something urgent, like paying off a credit card, so
you can move on to something important, like saving for retirement.
Part of the process of planning involves revisiting
your goals periodically to see how you are doing and making course
corrections when needed.
Regularly review your progress, but let go of the need to ob-
sess over your goals. Define where you want to go, review your goals
at set times, and in between, let go of them! CARL RICHARDS
Paying off debt with your cash frees up the cash flows that
were servicing that debt. This allows you to step up savings, and build
up your net worth faster. — Jonathan, New York
To Jonathan: With the lack of job security these days in all types of
employment, liquidity should be king. We could pay off our entire re-
maining balance on our home loan today with cash, but that would be
dumb, as we are keeping our powder dry for other possible goals for us
and our children, as the original author suggests. Thus, we are happy
to make minimum monthly payments. Plus, our mortgage rate is a bit
over 3 percent (actually it’s less than that after considering the federal
tax deduction), so we are not paying a very steep price for this liquidity.
— Cilantro, Chicago
Gay Couples’
Tax Planning
The recent decision by a fed-
eral appeals court regarding the
Defense of Marriage Act sug-
gests gay couples may want to
file something known as a pro-
tective refund claim with the In-
ternal Revenue Service in the
event the Supreme Court over-
turns the law, according to ac-
counting experts.
The Court of Appeals for the
Second Circuit in New York
struck down the law’s definition
of marriage as a union between
a man and a woman as unconsti-
tutional. It was the second such
federal appellate ruling on the
law, known as DOMA. The law’s
constitutionality is expected to
be considered eventually by the
United States Supreme Court.
If the high court invalidates
the law, legally married same-
sex couples will be able to file
claims for refunds of federal tax
overpayments, said Janis
Cowhey McDonagh, a partner at
Marcum New York and
a specialist in the firm’s lesbian,
gay, bisexual, transsexual and
nontraditional family practice.
Currently, same-sex marriage
is recognized by six states —
New York, Connecticut, Iowa,
Massachusetts, New Hampshire
and Vermont — and the District
of Columbia. Also, roughly 18,000
same-sex couples were married
in California in 2008 before vot-
ers approved a constitutional
amendment restricting mar-
riage to one man and one wom-
an. Those marriages are valid.
Patricia Cain, a law professor at
Santa Clara University and an
authority on legal issues faced
by same-sex couples, said others
might want to consider filing a
protective claim, too.
An additional nine states, as
well as the District of Columbia,
recognize “marriage equivalent
statuses” for same-sex couples,
like domestic partnerships or
civil unions. While most people
presume those relationships are-
n’t marriages, she said in an
e-mail, “there’s a good argument
that absent DOMA such rela-
tionships should be treated as
marriages for tax purposes.”
In light of such uncertainty, she
said, “I actually would advise
anyone who would benefit from
joint filing to file an amended re-
turn as a protective claim for re-
fund if they are married (no mat-
ter where they live) or in a mar-
riage equivalent status.”
Ms. McDonagh said there was
a three-year statute of limitations
on tax refund claims. By filing a
claim now, couples will have
standing for overpayments dat-
ing to 2009, while the federal law
moves through the courts. The
claim applies to income taxes, es-
tate taxes and gift taxes, she said.
It’s possible, Ms. McDonagh
said, that if the Supreme Court
voids the law, the I.R.S. could
waive the three-year statute of
limitations — but there is no
precedent for doing so.
Couples should consult their
accountants for advice about fil-
ing a protective claim, which es-
sentially involves filing an
amended tax return, she said. ANN CARRNS
Giving Up That Candy Are you, like me, struggling to
stay away from your children’s
giant bags of Halloween candy?
Then you may be interested in
the Halloween Candy Buyback.
Under this program, dentists
take your candy and send it to
Operation Gratitude,a nonprofit
project that bundles it into pack-
ages for United States troops
Some dentists pay a dollar a
pound, while others simply take
the candy off your hands. You can
find participants by ZIP code at
.com. Call before showing up with
your treats, to check details.
You can also ship the treats
yourself to the Operation Grati-
tude address on the candy Web
I give mine to At the
Crossroads,a youth outreach pro-
gram. They use the candy to intro-
duce themselves and start conver-
sations with at-risk youth. — California Duet, San Diego
he’s had to answer for his tax liens, a foreclo-
sure and an accusation that he owed more
than $117,000 in past-due child support.
What do we see of ourselves in him? And
what does his opponent’s efforts to brand
him a deadbeat tell us about what we ought
to be willing to tolerate in our elected offi-
There isn’t much in the historical record
on these questions, but one example from 20
years ago is instructive. That was when the
public learned that many members of Con-
gress were helping themselves to free over-
drafts from banklike government accounts. Voters who had no such privileges at their
own local banks weren’t pleased. Within one
election cycle, according to Gary C. Jacob-
son,a political science professor at the Uni-
versity of California, San Diego, and Michael
A. Dimock, then a graduate student at the
university, who later published an academic
paper about the scandal, the worst abusers
were about three times as likely not to be in
Congress anymore as incumbents who
steered clear of the issue. This was equally
true of Republicans and Democrats, though
Democrats were the more egregious of the
two parties in this instance. It wasn’t until after Mr. Walsh won his Re-
publican primary in 2010 that some of his big-
gest financial troubles emerged. He tri-
umphed with the help of strong Tea Party
backing.And given his call for fiscal re-
straint,it was only natural that local report-
ers would look at his personal finances.
Sure enough, right after the primary,The
Daily Herald discovered that Mr. Walsh had
recently lost a condominiumto foreclosure.
“This experience helped me gain a better ap-
preciation for the very real economic anxi-
eties felt by Eighth District families, many of
whom are just a paycheck or two away from
facing similar difficulties,” Mr. Walsh told the
paper via e-mail. Voters fed up with the goings-on in Wash-
ington seemed to empathize with this and
revelations of tax liens he dealt with more
than a decade ago, or at least they were will-
ing to hold their noses and look past it. He
beat the Democratic opponent in his race by
just a couple of hundred votes.
But the revelations didn’t end there. Last
year, The Chicago Sun-Times reported that
Representative Walsh’s former wife had filed
court papers seeking more than $117,000 in
what she claimed was past-due child sup-
port. She also said that he failed to make his
payments at the same time that he was per-
sonally lending money to his campaign,
putting politics over paternity,in effect. Rep-
resentative Walsh countered that there was
a verbal agreement between him and his for-
mer wife that allowed him to skip the month-
ly payments because he wasn’t earning
much money at the time. Earlier this year, the two resolved the dis-
pute and issued a joint statement saying that
“we now agree that Joe is not and was not a
‘deadbeat dad’ and does not owe child sup-
At the time of the initial revelation, Repre-
sentative Walsh’s lawyer, R. Steven Pola-
chek, told The Sun-Times that he’d “had no
more problems with child support than any
other average guy.” About 40 percent of the 500,000 or so child
support cases that the Illinois Department of
Health Care and Family Services handles in-
volve late payments at any given moment.
The half-million cases tend to involve house-
holds with lower income, according to a
spokesman, where there may be more fre-
quent income disruptions. Whether the questions about Representa-
tive Walsh’s child support make him Every-
man or not, however, it’s the original sugges-
tion that he prioritized his campaign over his
children that may give voters the most
pause. His most ardent supporters continue to
defend him. “It stinks that he couldn’t help,
but I think it all got blown up more than it
should have,” said Laurie Jenner, the coordi-
nator for the McHenry County Tea Party,
which helped elect him in 2010. “It’s not like
those kids were starving. I think that if there
had been a bigger issue there, then maybe he
would have gotten a second job or done
something else.”
But his opponent in the coming election,
Tammy Duckworth, invoked the “deadbeat
dad” phrase in a campaign ad. The use of
that phrase so enraged Representative
Walsh’s eldest son, Joe Walsh Jr., that he
held a news conference and filmed his own
ad. In it, he said that his father was “terrific”
and that he and his siblings “never wanted
for anything.”
I would have liked to ask Representative
Walsh about all of this, but his spokesman,
Justin Roth, responded to my invitation by
asking whether he should have the congress-
man call me or whether he should ask Ms.
Duckworth to do so, “since it seems you are
just writing their narrative.”
In fact, Ms. Duckworth wouldn’t talk to me
either. Perhaps she’s embarrassed about
feeling the need to fling dirty words like
“deadbeat” around. After all, the term im-
plies intent, and we tend to think of most
deadbeats as lowlifes.
But to Rick Kahler, a financial planner in
Rapid City, S.D., who emphasizes the psycho-
logical side of money in his practice, Repre-
sentative Walsh’s personal finance pattern
looks more like a symptom of a chronic be-
havior problem than the act of a deliberately
reckless man. Mr. Kahler, a libertarian who tends to vote
for Republicans, says he is not repulsed by
Representative Walsh and his actions, nor
does he feel pity, since that would imply con-
descension. Instead, he feels sadness. “I
think people like that are in a lot of emotional
pain,” he said.
We can only know so much about a per-
son’s inner life before deciding whether to
vote for them. And it may well be that a siz-
able regular paycheck has helped mend the
finances of Representative Walsh, who
changed jobs frequently before his election
to Congress and has few assets, according to
his most recent financial disclosure forms.
Voters must take in what they know about
any candidate’s personal finances and then
address a deeply personal question that is
anything but rhetorical. “The question,” said
Steven S. Smith, a political science professor
at Washington University in St. Louis, “is if
you can do the public’s business if you can’t
even manage your own.”
Being Elected Is No Shield Against Money Woes
CHARLES REX ARBOGAST/ASSOCIATED PRESS Representative Joe Walsh, an Illinois Republican, proudly claims the mantle of the
poorest member of Congress.But an opponent tried to brand him a deadbeat.
Foreclosures, tax liens,
child support problems.
Even a congressman can
get the blues.
From First Business Page
LONDON — Royal Bank of
Scotland said on Friday that it
could face financial penalties con-
nected to a broad investigation
into rate-rigging, as the bank re-
ported a net loss in the third
quarter of the year.
The bank, which is 81 percent
owned by the British government
after receiving a bailout during
the recent financial crisis, is the
latest British firm to disclose le-
gal troubles this week.
Royal Bank of Scotland’s woes
relate to a broad industry in-
vestigation into the potential rig-
ging of crucial global interest
The Commodity Futures Trad-
ing Commission, the Justice De-
partment and other authorities
around the world are looking into
whether big banks tried to influ-
ence benchmark rates, including
the London interbank offered
rate, or Libor. In June, Barclays agreed to
pay $450 million to settle charges
that it tried to manipulate Libor
to improve profits and make its
financial position look stronger.
Royal Bank of Scotland, which
is based in Edinburgh, said on
Friday that it expected to enter
into negotiations with the au-
thorities about a potential settle-
ment in the near future. The
firm’s chief executive, Stephen
Hester,declined to say when
those talks might begin or how
big the potential fine could be.
Mr. Hester said that the bank
was likely to make an announce-
ment on the matter before re-
porting its next earnings on Feb.
“We have to dance to the tune
of the relevant regulators,” Mr.
Hester said in a conference call
with journalists.
Royal Bank of Scotland faces a
broader set of troubles.
On Friday, the bank said it
posted a net loss of £1.4 billion,or
$2.3 billion,in the three months
through Sept. 30 after setting
aside more money to compensate
customers who were inappropri-
ately sold insurance and taking a
charge on its own debt. The bank
reported a £1.2 billion net profit in
the same period last year after it
benefited from a financial gain on
its own debt.
Without the adjustments, its
pretax profit in the third quarter
rose to just over £1 billion,com-
pared with just £2 million in the
same period last year. Despite the tough economic
conditions across Europe, the
bank said pretax profit in its in-
vestment banking unit reached
£295 million in the third quarter,
compared with a £348 million net
loss during the same period last
year. Analysts said Royal Bank of
Scotland had made significant ef-
forts to reduce its exposure to
risky assets and to pare back its
balance sheet since the financial
crisis began. Last month, the firm earned
£787 million through the initial
public offering of its insurance
unit Direct Line.
Yet continued weakness in its
underlying performance, and ex-
pected losses in the fourth quar-
ter related to one-time charges
like a potential Libor fine, remain
a concern. The bank’s retail and
commercial banking unit contin-
ued to suffer from weak consum-
er confidence related to the Euro-
pean debt crisis.
Pretax profit in the division fell
7 percent, to £1.1 billion,in the
third quarter.
“The management has made
good progress,” said Ian Gordon,
a banking analyst at Investec Se-
curities in London. “But for me,
the bank’s earnings outlook
hasn’t improved.”
Royal Bank of Scotland Braces for Libor Penalties
A Royal Bank of Scotland branch in London.The British government owns 81 percent of R.B.S.
An investigation into
rate-rigging is just one
of the bank’s troubles.
No day is complete
The New York Times.
PERSONAL BUSINESS cost. These policies can also be written to
include separate coverage for legal fees
from a lawsuit as well as to protect peo-
ple who serve on nonprofit boards and
fear the group’s coverage is inadequate
if they are sued, Mr. Hourihan said.
Another easy step is to see what is
automatically protected by the states
where you live. Florida and Texas, for
example, have homestead laws that al-
low primary residences to be excluded
from lawsuits. Illinois and Pennsylvania
have laws that protect the equity in a
home when it is owned jointly if one
spouse is sued.
Retirement assets, like 401(k) plans,
and some types of insurance also have
some protection from creditors. Money put in trusts for heirs is an-
other way to shield assets. If they are
worded to give plenty of discretion to a
trustee in making distributions, trusts
can also serve double duty and protect
children from lawsuits or divorce settle-
ments, Mr. Magill said,and be more dis-
creet and effective than prenuptial
agreements. People who work in certain profes-
sions, like lawyers, architects and engi-
neers, also face liability by the nature of
their work. They could be named as a
party in a lawsuit, even if they did noth-
ing wrong. “Let’s say the architect designs the
ANCE ARMSTRONGhas apparent-
ly managed to put legal struc-
tures in place over the years
that will help insulate his for-
tune,as I wrote last week. But what
about other people who may be less
prominent but concerned about law-
suits?Can they also protect them-
The short answer is that someone’s
money can never be completely protect-
ed from creditors, but there are steps
that can be taken to discourage people
from pursuing you. “There is no such thing as asset pro-
tection,” said Jason Cain, head of the
family wealth planning group in the
central region for Credit Suisse Private
Bank.“What there is is good business
and estate planning that as a byproduct
insulates your assets from future, po-
tential creditors.”
Or as Amy Jetel, a partner in the law
firm of Beckett, Thackett & Jetel in Aus-
tin,Tex.,said,such protection is like set-
ting up a series of hurdles. “They can be
knocked over, but every time you knock
one over,it costs the creditor $500,000,”
she said. “So they might say,‘I’m going
to settle.’ They want the easy stuff.”
While this may sound like the realm
of just the truly wealthy, asset protec-
tion is something that people with a nice
home and a couple of cars should con-
sider, particularly if they can imagine
being sued. Certain professionals who
are well off but far from rich, like law-
yers, architects and doctors, are at a
higher risk of being sued. And naturally,
children who inherit money from par-
ents or grandparents can become tar-
gets for lawsuits and higher divorce
payouts, advisers said. So how should people think about
what they might need? R. Hugh Magill,chief fiduciary officer
at Northern Trust,said that putting a
proper plan in place took time but need-
ed to start with an assessment of what
people had and how likely it was that
someone would sue them for it.
“So much of the literature about asset
protection starts with the assumption
that you need an asset protection trust,”
Mr. Magill said. “I don’t want to start
with the solution. I want to start with
the risk.”
Insurance is the first level of protec-
tion. After the necessary home and auto
policies, the most crucial thing is to
have an umbrella policy that limits li-
ability. Think of it as protection against
the unexpected, like someone falling
down your stairs or being hit by the car
driven by your child. “We view lawsuits as probably the
most dangerous thing that our clients
face,” Jeremiah Hourihan, executive
vice president at Chartis Private Client
Group,said. “The No.1 risk is a car acci-
dent where you or a family member
causes harm to someone else. Those are
the most frequent incidents we see.”
He said the company’s most common
liability policy was for $10 million. De-
pending on how many homes and cars
people have, he said,it generally costs
about $2,000 to $3,000 a year for $10 mil-
lion in umbrella coverage. He said
yachts, boats or Jet Skis increased the
building and the engineers do the draw-
ings and there was a problem with the
load-bearing structure,” Mr. Magill said.
“So it’s whoever gets sued, they’re go-
ing to name the architect.”
In this, doctors are a category of pro-
fessionals uniquely at risk. Mr. Cain
said he made a point of telling physi-
cians that they needed to have their
strategy in place long before there was
a lawsuit. “You want to plan now to encourage
your future unknown creditors to nego-
tiate a settlement for pennies on the dol-
lar,” Mr. Cain said. “You’re not trying to
avoid your creditors. You’re trying to
get them to the table and take a fraction
of what they think they’re entitled to.”
At the heart of this statement is the
reason many asset protection strategies
fail: they are created at the moment
someone is being sued or fears a lawsuit
is coming. Done that way, they run the
risk of being considered a fraudulent
transfer and disallowed. Ms. Jetel said the issue was not so
much the timing of a trust as the facts
surrounding its setup. “Let’s say I set up an asset protection
trust, and while I’m driving home I stu-
pidly put my makeup on and I run over
a promising law school graduate and his
family sues me,” she said. “I couldn’t
necessarily foresee that I was going to
go and kill this guy, so that’s not a fraud-
ulent transfer.”
The truly rich have the option of set-
ting up asset protection trusts in states
like Alaska or Delaware that have laws
allowing these shelters,or can go to off-
shore jurisdictions, like the Cayman Is-
lands. The onshore versions are relatively
new, with most dating back to the 1990s.
Because of this,they have not yet been
legally tested. Heather Flanagan, senior
wealth planner at PNC Delaware Trust
Company, said litigators in the state had
told her that that was evidence the
trusts were working.
But she cautions clients to use these
trusts as true shelters. “The purpose
should be to protect a nest egg that they
don’t want to get to and not to use it as a
checkbook,” she said. If a person dips into the trust fre-
quently,it would be more difficult to
make the case that the money was be-
yond the reach of creditors. Ms. Jetel said she counseled people
who have at least $3 million to put that
much in an asset protection trust off-
shore to make sure the assets are be-
yond the reach of United States credi-
tors. “The bottom line is the assets and the
trustees, all the components are here in
the United States,” she said, “and
they’re going to be less protected.” She said that the cost, about $25,000,
to set up one of these trusts was the
same offshore or onshore (though the
tax reporting costs are higher offshore).
“If you’re going to spend that kind of
money,you had better go and do the
real deal,” she said.
Ms.Flanagan countered that courts
had jailed people for contempt if they
refused to bring offshore assets back to
the United States to satisfy creditors.
While this process of asset protection
definitely sounded time-consuming, it
seemed logical. Where did people make
mistakes? Susan Hirshman, managing director
at Fieldpoint Private Bank, said the big-
gest mistake people made was not find-
ing a lawyer or adviser who was an ex-
pert in asset protection. “It needs to be
strategized with people in the know,”
she said. “It’s as complex as it sounds.”
She added:“It’s like today with the
storm.Don’t think things can’t happen
to you,because they can.”
WEALTH MATTERS Safeguarding Your Assets Against the Hazards of a Lawsuit
Jason Cain,of the Credit Suisse Private Bank, said good business and estate planning could “insulate assets fromfuture,potential creditors.”
Everyone, not just the
rich, should protect their
money from creditors.
’M finding myself having the same
conversation over and over with
friends whose children are applying
to college. We want them to be able
to go to the best institution they can get
into, but we may not be able to afford it.
And we’re having a hard time pairing
our expectations with the reality.
It’s not that we’ve been immune from
the economic turmoil that has troubled
the country. The magazine my husband
worked at folded in 2009,and though we
were luckier than most and he eventual-
ly found other work, it was a scary time. We dealt with it by paring back on
eating out, vacations and other non-
essentials. But it wasn’t until we faced
the reality of a college tuition bill that
we realized how difficult it was to let go
of the assumptions we’d had all our
And we’re not the only ones.Consider
the students graduating from college
who expected the same kind of lifestyle
—or better —than their parents had
and the 60-somethings who anticipated
a comfortable, if not luxurious, retire-
ment. “We have made an upper-middle-
class income and are living an upper-
middle-class life, but with how the econ-
omy has played out, we need to make
more middle-class decisions, and we
refuse to do it,” said a friend of mine,
who asked that her name not be used
because she didn’t want her friends to
know her financial situation. “We live
paycheck to paycheck. We’re in debt,
but we can’t wrap our heads around not
being able to” allow their son to apply to
an expensive private university.
“When we had these kids 18 years
ago, we started saving for college,” she
said. “We moved to an expensive town
so they could soar and achieve and go
as high as they could.” Then,her hus-
band lost his job and took a while to find
a new one. “The economic landscape has
changed, but we’re still rooted in our at-
titude that we had when we had these
kids 18 years ago,” she said. “It’s so
hard to realign our attitudes with the
economic reality.”
And she knows that she and her hus-
band are not doing their children any fa-
vors if they end up heavily in debt and
have no money for retirement.
My friend is not alone in grappling
with this dichotomy. Findings from the
14th quarterly Allstate-National Journal
Heartland Monitor Polls released in Oc-
tober,which explored perceptions
about upward mobility among Ameri-
cans,found that nearly half of those sur-
veyed say they had more opportunity to
get ahead than their parents did.
But only about one-third said they be-
lieved there would be more opportunity
for their children than in the past. The
poll surveyed 1,000 to 1,250 people, de-
pending on the question,by phone.
“The majority believe they will get
ahead and live the American dream in
their lifetime,” said Joan Walker,execu-
tive vice president for corporate rela-
tions at Allstate. “But they worry
whether that dream will be available for
their children. Americans understand
that risk has been transferred from in-
stitutions to individuals and the future
is very uncertain. Now,it’s not so much
about getting ahead, but holding
Jennifer Turner, who lives outside
Harrisburg, Pa., has younger children
— 6 and 8 years old —so the tuition di-
lemma is still distant on the horizon.But
ever since her husband lost his job at a
stone quarry in 2009 and started his
own auto body repair and refinishing
shop, times have been tough.
“I grew up on a dairy farm and
money was always tight,” she said. “We
had secondhand clothes and didn’t eat
out. Those things aren’t bad, but I
thought we would be able to do more.”
She attended a four-year college and
foresaw an easier life than her parents
had. “But we’re living paycheck to pay-
check,” she said. “We’re trying to
stretch it and sometimes it doesn’t
stretch.” After-school activities like
dance for her daughter and wrestling
and gymnastics for her son are a thing
of the past.
Will her daughter be able to attend
college? “If she does really good in school and
gets scholarships and works,” Ms. Tur-
ner said. But after resisting the idea for a long
time, she said she was finally coming to
terms with the reality of her life.
“We may not be able to do what other
people do. I see commercials for Disney
and would love to be able to give that to
my kids,” she said. “But I need to accept
that I can’t,instead of fighting it and be-
ing resentful.”
The expectation that life will just con-
tinue improving generation by genera-
tion is also part of the thinking of those
now in college and in their 20s.
“There is a tension between contin-
ued self-confidence and the reality of
the economy,” said Jean Twenge,a pro-
fessor of psychology at San Diego State
University and author of “Generation
Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are
More Confident, Assertive, Entitled —
and More Miserable Than Ever Before”
(Free Press, 2006).
Studies have shown, she said,that 60
percent of high school seniors expect to
attend graduate or professional school
after college, but only 10 percent actual-
ly will. Compare that with 1976, she said,
when only 30 percent believed they
would continue on to postcollege educa-
tion. So the number actually attending
has remained steady, but the number
anticipating such higher education has
Some of that information is from a
study called Monitoring the Future,
conducted since 1975 from the Universi-
ty of Michigan, which each year sur-
veys 8th, 10th and 12th graders on a va-
riety of subjects. One glimpse shows how the thinking
has changed over the years. In 2011, 56
percent of high school seniors expected
they would own “much more” or “some-
what more” possessions than their par-
ents when they were older. That figure
has decreased since 2000, when it was
62 percent. But is still almost 10 percent
more than the 47 percent who answered
affirmatively in 1976.
“The continuation of high materialist-
ic expectations is surprising,” Professor
Twenge said,although she noted that it
was a little too soon to tell how the re-
cession had affected this younger gen-
“For some material goods, the expec-
tations might come more in line, such as
cars and houses —you’re not going to
have a new car all the time,” she said.
But she said that she didn’t think we
would see many changes in the belief
that the younger generation felt owed a
good college education or a well-paying
Or that we, as parents, owe it to them.
Right now, in our household, college is
the continuing conversation, and al-
though my husband and I have tried to
be realistic, I realize that we’re not real-
ly facing the hard facts.
I spoke to Keith Bernhardt,vice pres-
ident for college planning at Fidelity In-
vestments, who told me about online re-
search his company did this year in-
volving 2,300 parents of children 18
years and younger.
Only about a third of those parents of
college-bound teenagers were consider-
ing all the financial ramifications of col-
lege, including the total cost, the impact
of college selection, graduating with
debt and how the major their children
chose could affect their job prospects
and earning potential.
Of those, a little more than a third opt-
ed to send their children to less expen-
sive colleges. We’ve discussed some of these is-
sues, but not all. As my friend said, we
just don’t want to admit there are real
“You can call us in denial,” she said,
“Or you can call us cockeyed optimists.”
A New Reality About What
A Family Can Really Afford
Jennifer Turner, center,with her children, Irene, 8, left, and Yancy, 5. “We
may not be able to do what other people do,” she said of her family’s future. Trying to live an
upper-middle-class life,
and doing it paycheck to
To wireless customers, cell-
phone networks might seem to be
made out of thin air. But they are
plenty vulnerable to catastrophic
storms — and bringing service
back can take an excruciatingly
long time.
On Friday, four days after Hur-
ricane Sandy, the major carriers
— AT&T, Verizon Wireless, T-Mo-
bile USA and Sprint — were still
busily rebuilding their networks
in the hardest-hit areas. One-quarter of the cell towers
in the storm zone were knocked
out, according to the Federal
Communications Commission.
Many had no power, and their
backup battery systems soon
drained. The lines connecting
those towers to the rest of the
phone network were ripped out.
Carriers deployed generators to
provide power, but eventually
those required more fuel — an-
other limited resource. In an emergency, a lack of cell-
phone reception can be danger-
ous, especially as more people
have chosen to snip landlines out
of their budgets. About 60 per-
cent of American households
have landlines, down from 78 per-
cent four years ago, according to
Chetan Sharma,an independent
mobile analyst. The carriers say they are try-
ing their best to deal with an un-
usual disaster. But in the past,
they have steadfastly objected to
recommendations from regula-
tors that they spend more money
on robust emergency equipment,
like longer-lasting backup batter-
ies. Neville Ray,chief technology
officer of T-Mobile USA, said
Hurricane Sandy was the biggest
natural disaster he had ever dealt
with and that service failures
were inevitable. “There’s an amount of prep-
aration you can do, but depend-
ing on the size and scale and im-
pact of the storm, it’s tough to an-
ticipate every circumstance,” Mr.
Ray said in an interview. “No de-
gree of preparation can prevent
some of those outages from hap-
When networks fail, carriers
deploy trucks, called C.O.W.’s,for
cell on wheels,that act as tempo-
rary cell towers. But the compa-
nies say the challenge with de-
ploying these trucks poststorm is
connecting to power and to the
wider phone network, which re-
quires a microwave radio link to
a working tower. Because of the
density of the buildings in New
York City, the trucks could serve
only a small area, according to
Mr. Ray. The carriers have made other
efforts to provide services while
restoring their networks. AT&T
wheeled out R.V.’s where cus-
tomers could charge their
phones. And it made an agree-
ment to share networks with
T-Mobile USA in the affected
areas of New York and New Jer-
sey. When customers of both
companies place calls, they are
carried by whichever network is
available in the area. But ultimately all of the carri-
ers’ preparations and responses
were not enough to get services
running again in a hurry. Over
the week the carriers reported
gradual progress, and they de-
clined to offer timelines indicat-
ing when customers could expect
to have service again.
The unreliability of wireless
networks may point to a bigger
problem. Over the years, the
phone companies have fought off
regulators who want to treat
them as utilities, arguing that if
they are going to stay innovative,
they cannot be burdened with the
old rules that phone companies
dealt with in the landline era.But
as a consequence, there are al-
most no rules about what carri-
ers have to do in an emergency,
said Harold Feld, senior vice
president for Public Knowledge,
a nonprofit that focuses on in-
formation policy.
“With the new networks we’ve
prized keeping costs down, we’ve
prized flexibility and we’ve
prized innovation,” said Mr. Feld,
who wrote a blog post on Monday
anticipating cell tower problems.
“But we have not put stability as
a value when we have been push-
ing to have these networks built
Mr. Feld noted that after Hurri-
cane Katrina in 2005,the F.C.C.
recommended that carriers in-
stall backup batteries on their
transmission towers that would
last 24 hours, among other meas-
ures. But the carriers objected,
presumably because they did not
want to spend the money, he
said. (Of course, 24 hours would
not have been enough in many
areas hit by the latest storm.)
In general, the carriers say it is
in their own interest to fortify
their networks for emergency sit-
uations, but Mr. Feld said this in-
centive was not enough.
“We ought to actually be doing
this in the mind-set that there
need to be actual rules,so that
everybody knows how to behave
when the crisis hits,” he said.
“When I drive I have the best in-
centive in the world not to hit a
telephone pole and not to slam
into another car. But I still need
speed limits, stop signs and stop
Debra Lewis,a spokeswoman
for Verizon Wireless, said no
amount of rules could have pre-
pared carriers for the outcome of
a storm like Hurricane Sandy.
“The fact is, regulation cannot
anticipate the varied challenges
that can arise in such situations,
but we do learn from them and
adapt accordingly to ensure we
meet consumers’ needs,” Ms.
Lewis said. She said the company
prepared for natural disasters
with generators and batteries
that provided at least eight hours
of power to cell sites. Verizon Wireless said Friday
evening that less than 3 percent
of its network in the Northeast
was still down.“In severely im-
pacted areas, such as Lower
Manhattan, while wireless serv-
ice has yet to return to normal
levels, coverage is good,” it said.
AT&T was the only major car-
rier that would not go into specif-
ics about how much of its net-
work was down.Anecdotally it
seemed that in Manhattan at
least, AT&T’s coverage was not
as good as Verizon’s after the
storm. One Twitter user directed
this message at AT&T on Tues-
day: “I live in lower manhattan.
Vz has service u do not. You are
ruining lives. I had to come mid-
town 2 call mom. Switching.”
Mark Siegel,a spokesman for
AT&T, said the company would
not comment because it was
working on restoring its network.
Cellphone Users Steaming at Hit-or-Miss Service
Cellphone users took advantage of an area of the East Village known to have cellular reception.
A fallen tree on a car in hard-hit Queens did not faze a mobile
user who apparently had cellphone service. hire hundreds of trucks that will
be used to deliver 12 million gal-
lons each of gasoline and diesel
fuel, mostly from commercial
suppliers,to staging areas in
New Jersey. The department is
handling the task because its De-
fense Logistics Agency has con-
tracting powers that enable it to
move quickly. From the staging areas, the
fuel will be distributed through-
out the region in coordination
with the Federal Emergency
Management Agency to help re-
supply stations. Together, the
gasoline and diesel are enough
for 1.6 million vehicles with 15-
gallon tanks.
The Pentagon has also been
authorized by the Energy De-
partment and the White House to
tap the Northeast Home Heating
Oil Reserve. It will draw as much
as two million gallons of diesel
fuel — part of the 12 million total
—for government emergency re-
sponders, helping them to keep
electricity generators, water
pumps, federal buildings, trucks
and other vehicles running. The
oil reserve, created by the federal
government in 2000, holds 42 mil-
lion gallons of ultralow-sulfur die-
sel at terminals in Groton, Conn.,
and Revere, Mass. It is the first
time fuel has been released from
the reserve.
Earlier Friday, the Homeland
Security Department temporar-
ily lifted a rule prohibiting for-
eign-flagged ships from deliver-
ing fuel between United States
ports, a move that should soon
bring additional tankers to the
New York area with refined gaso-
line and diesel. And on Thursday, the Defense
Department used 17 of its aircraft
to move 630 tons of equipment,
including 10 bucket trucks and 20
pickup trucks,from West Coast
utility companies to an Air Na-
tional Guard base 60 miles north
of New York City.
“We are working this as a
team,” W. Craig Fugate, the
FEMA administrator, said at a
news conference Friday morn-
Tom Kloza, chief oil analyst at
the Oil Price Information Service,
said the federal government may
end up sending more fuel than is
needed. “Anyone running for of-
fice would rather err on the side
of excess,” he said. “It’s a confi-
dence builder. It will help placate
people who think we are on the
threshold of crisis.”
Government officials said they
were confident that the shortages
would ease in the coming week,
as power was restored and the
fuel now being delivered to the
region arrived.
“There is no reason to panic;
there is no reason for anxiety,”
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New
York said at a news conference
Friday. “We understand why
there was a shortage, for very de-
finable reasons. We also under-
stand why it’s going to be better,
and it’s going to be better in the
near future.”
The fuel shortage has emerged
as one of the most widespread
problems after the storm, wors-
ening the suffering in the region.
Large parts of the public transit
system remained out of service,
and 3.5 million customers had no
power Friday afternoon, down
from eight million earlier in the
week, according to Energy De-
partment figures.
Of the region’s 127 fuel termi-
nals — which hold gasoline, heat-
ing oil and diesel fuel after they
are delivered by pipeline, ship or
local refinery — 25 were hit by
flooding or power failures. Most
have reopened or are preparing
to reopen shortly, the Energy De-
partment said Friday.
Two refineries in the New York
area remained out of service —
most critically the Phillips 66 re-
finery in Linden, N.J., which
could be out for weeks because of
flooding. But the reopening of the
Port of New York on Thursday,
after the Coast Guard removed
debris floating in the water, al-
lowed tankers sitting off shore to
begin making their deliveries.
New York City officials an-
nounced Friday afternoon that
power should be restored to all of
Manhattan by Saturday. Con Edi-
son said it would restore power to
a vast majority of its customers
in New York State by Nov. 11,
while Public Service Electric and
Gas, which serves New Jersey,
forecast that its efforts to restore
power would be virtually com-
plete in the next seven to 10 days. These efforts will mean more
gas stations reopening as power
comes back on.
Despite the closed gas stations,
and local instances of gouging,
prices at the pump have not shot
up in most places. AAA reported
that the average price for a gallon
of regular gasoline in New Jersey
on Friday was $3.56, only 6 cents
above the national average. Some
communities were imposing al-
ternating fueling days for vehi-
cles with license plates ending in
even and odd numbers. The aver-
age price in New York was more
than 25 cents higher, but still be-
Energy experts said their
greatest fear had been that the
storm would damage several
large refineries on the Delaware
River.But none were seriously
affected,and about 75 percent of
the region’s refinery capacity re-
mained operational.
“Some of the refineries are
down, but that shouldn’t be a
problem,because the Northeast
is supplied by pipelines and ships
from other parts of the country
and the world,” said Bill Day, a
spokesman for Valero Energy,
the country’s biggest independ-
ent refiner,with more than 100
branded gas stations in the
Northeast. “Terminals, ports and
pipelines are all affected by elec-
tricity outages,so once the elec-
tricity is back,it shouldn’t be a
Even if the Phillips 66 refinery
and the other,smaller New Jer-
sey refinery were out of service
for the rest of the month, the re-
gion could still get back to nor-
mal,energy experts said, be-
cause November does not typi-
cally have high driving volume. “Our best guess is that things
will be close to normal for con-
sumers by Wednesday,” said Bri-
an Norris of the Oil Price In-
formation Service. Military to Deliver Fuel to StormRegion, Tapping aReserve for the First Time
Barges are carrying gasoline and diesel fuel to the New York metropolitan area as part of a government effort to alleviate shortages.
From First Business Page
Eric Lipton reported from Wash-
ington and Clifford Krauss from
Houston. terms of low wages or very inse-
cure work,” said Arne L. Kalle-
berg, a sociologist at the Uni-
versity of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill and author of “Good
Jobs, Bad Jobs.” “That’s why it’s
important to have a safety net
that’s based on the idea of people
working insecure jobs like this.”
On Friday, Gov. Andrew M.
Cuomo announced that New York
City and four suburban counties
were eligible for disaster unem-
ployment relief,which covers a
broader spectrum of workers
than regular unemployment
benefits, including the self-em-
ployed like taxi drivers and street
vendors as well as those who
were unable to get to work. New Jersey has also declared
people in 10 counties eligible for
disaster unemployment assist-
ance.In Connecticut, residents of
four counties and the Mashan-
tucket Pequot Indian Reserva-
tion are eligible.
A New York Department of La-
bor spokesman emphasized that
workers who lost wages should
call to apply because the pro-
gram is flexible and many eligi-
bility issues would be determined
on a case-by-case basis. But the program might not
help people whose commute sim-
ply lasted longer or cost more,
like Ibezim Oki, a cabdriver who
spent $50 on a cab to get from his
Brooklyn home to Manhattan on
Friday, rather than risk long bus
delays, and “now I don’t know
how long I’m going to have to
wait for gas.”
The commute alone represent-
ed a hardship for workers whose
jobs require a physical presence,
while neighborhood coffee shops
in the boroughs and suburbs
overflowed with those who need-
ed nothing more than a laptop
and Wi-Fi to stay connected to
Ms. Sainvilus estimated that
on Thursday, she had traveled
eight hours to work for five, mak-
ing her effective pay less than $4
an hour. Others could not work because
their place of business was
closed. At a food distribution cen-
ter in Chelsea, Mike Samuel, 55, a
delivery man for a florist, was
feeling the pain of five days of
lost income. “We don’t work, we
don’t get no tips, we don’t get no
pay,” he said.
Muta Prather said the chem-
ical company where he works in
Newark was flooded, causing him
to miss three days of work.He
worked part of the day on Thurs-
day helping to clean up, but wor-
ried about how he would pay for
damage to his own roof.
“It hurts, you know,” said Mr.
Prather, who is 49 and lives in
West Orange, N.J. “I looked up at
my roof,and it’s going to cost me
like seven grand. I don’t make
that kind of money.”
But at a playground in the Clin-
ton Hill section of Brooklyn, Da-
mien Carney stood with his baby
daughter strapped to his chest
and his toddler on a nearby
swing, enjoying a surprise week
off. For Mr. Carney, a salaried
portfolio manager for a wine dis-
tributor that was closed because
it had no power, the storm was
amounting to something like a
paid vacation with time for cook-
ing and rearranging the living
room. “They basically said,
‘Don’t worry about it,’” Mr. Car-
ney said of his employers.
Federal labor laws include
more protections for salaried
workers than hourly workers
when a disaster hits. Employers
must continue to pay salaries if
the worksite is closed for less
than a week, even though they
are allowed to require employees
to use vacation or paid leave for
the duration of the closure. Hour-
ly workers, on the other hand, do
not have to be paid if the worksite
closes. If the workplace is open
but salaried workers cannot get
there, their pay may be reduced.
Of course, policies vary from
workplace to workplace, and
some hourly workers were luck-
ier than others. Cassandra Wil-
liams, 54, waiting for the bus from
Brooklyn to Manhattan with her
6-year-old granddaughter, said
the family for whom she keeps
house would pay her full wages
despite her missing three days of
work.Tinash Makots, a 24-year-
old salesman at the Nike store in
Midtown Manhattan, said he
would be paid for the days
missed as well.
One nanny in the bus line said
she would be paid her regular
wages, while another said she
would not be compensated for
hours missed. A financial district worker who
would identify himself only as
William S. said he did not strictly
need to go into Manhattan to do
his job, but felt that he should
make an appearance after one of
his staff members showed up ev-
ery day at 6 a.m. and another
paid $40 a day to get to a distant
office in Queens.
But Anthony Howell, a 42-year-
old hair stylist in Chelsea, said he
hadn’t worked all week because
his salon, like his high-rise apart-
ment, has no electricity.
“That’s the brutal part,” he
said. “The hair industry is like
that. You don’t do the work, you
don’t get the money.”
Poststorm, No Work Means
No Pay for Hourly Workers
Many take extreme
measures to get back
to the workplace.
From First Business Page
36 ST W.,#152 B'twn Broadway &7th
500,700 & 1400 sq ft,totally renovated
offices,new lobby NO FEE 212-302-3000
Offices−Manhattan 105
By The Associated Press
Shaken by Hurricane Sandy
and unmoved by a solid October
jobs report, stocks fell sharply
Friday. The Dow Jones industrial
average dropped 139 points as de-
tails about the storm’s costs be-
gan to emerge.
Verizon Communications,
whose Lower Manhattan opera-
tions are still without power, said
the storm would have a signif-
icant effect on its fourth-quarter
earnings. Verizon said it could
not yet estimate the cost of the
storm, which downed cell towers
across the region. Shares of Veri-
zon fell 62 cents,to $44.52.
“The information coming out
from the economic impact of
Sandy is a negative,” said Rob
Lutts, president of Cabot Money
Management in Salem, Mass. “I
think the markets are trying to
digest that and understand that,
so there is a little bit of uncer-
Insurers, the group that will
feel the storm’s effects most
acutely, plunged as analysts
warned that the storm will eat
into their income. Raymond
James analysts lowered their es-
timates for Allstate, while Bar-
clays analysts cut theirs for Hart-
ford Financial Services.
The chairman of Hartford,
Liam McGee, told investors in a
conference call that the storm’s
costs were just beginning to
come into focus. “It’s much too
early for us to provide data with
any level of certainty,” he said. Shares of Hartford fell 66 cents,
or 3 percent, to $21.26. Allstate
dropped 49 cents,or 1.25 percent,
to $38.56. The American Interna-
tional Group plunged $2.52, or
7.16 percent, to $32.68. Genworth
Financial dropped 16 cents, or
2.57 percent, to $6.06.
After a day of steady selling,
the Dow Jones industrial average
closed down 139.46 points, or 1.05
percent, at 13,093.16. The Stand-
ard & Poor’s 500-stock index
dropped 13.39 points, or 0.94 per-
cent, to 1,414.20. The Nasdaq com-
posite index lost 37.93 points, or
1.26 percent, to 2,982.13.
The day started with a burst of
hope: In the last big piece of eco-
nomic news before the presiden-
tial election on Tuesday, the La-
bor Department said employers
added 171,000 jobs last month,
while the unemployment rate
ticked up to 7.9 percent. More
jobs were added in the previous
two months than was first re-
ported, the government said.
European stocks rose on the
news and American stocks
opened higher. The Dow gained
as much as 57 points in the first
half-hour of trading. After that,
the indexes commenced a steady
All 10 categories in the S.& P.
500 were lower by the end of the
day. Consumer discretionary
stocks had the narrowest loss.
The Internet travel sites Price- and TripAdvisor were
among the S.& P.500’s top gain-
ers. The companies surprised in-
vestors with better-than-expect-
ed third-quarter earnings after
the market closed on Thursday.
TripAdvisor rose $5.71, or 19.42
percent, to $35.12. Priceline add-
ed $48.64, or 8.3 percent, to
Starbucks rounded out the
S.& P.500’s top three gainers,
adding $4.22, or 9.05 percent, to
$50.84. The company said late
Thursday that global revenue at
cafes open at least a year rose 6
percent during its fiscal fourth
quarter, which runs from July
through September.
Shares of Restoration Hard-
ware, the home-decor retailer,
shot up $7.10, or 30 percent, to
$31.10,in their first day of trading
on the New York Stock Ex-
Interest rates were barely
changed. The Treasury’s 10-year
note was up 4
, to 99
, and
the yield fell to 1.72 percent from
1.73 percent late Thursday.
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
Rising Estimates of Costs
Of Storm Weigh on Wall St.
DUBLIN (Reuters) — Ireland
jailed the former billionaire Sean
Quinn on Friday for failing to dis-
close assets he was hiding
abroad, completing the fall from
grace of the richest man in Ire-
land’s “Celtic Tiger” boom. Mr. Quinn, whose 4 billion euro
($5.2 billion) business empire col-
lapsed after a disastrous invest-
ment in the now failed Anglo
Irish Bank, is the first major play-
er jailed in connection with the
country’s economic collapse,
having come to personify its
boom and bust. He was found guilty of con-
tempt of court in June for vio-
lating an order not to block state-
owned Anglo, since renamed the
Irish Bank Resolution Corpora-
tion, from seizing foreign prop-
erty assets worth an estimated
500 million euros. He was initially spared prison
and ordered to disclose informa-
tion regarding assets spread as
far afield as Russia, Ukraine and
Belize. But Justice Elizabeth Dunne
told a Dublin high court on Fri-
day that Mr. Quinn had only him-
self to blame over contempt she
described as “nothing short of
outrageous.” “I cannot ignore the extent and
degree of contempt of court on
his part;the appropriate term by
reasons of noncompliance with
the orders is nine weeks,” said
Judge Dunne, who deemed Mr.
Quinn “evasive and uncoopera-
tive” when giving evidence. Mr. Quinn, a father of five who
used to fly around Europe on his
Falcon jet sealing property deals,
sat in court with a tissue held to
his face. His eyes bloodshot, he
stared straight ahead as the sen-
tence was handed down. The judge said she would con-
sider placing a stay on the jail
term until a Supreme Court ap-
peal against the contempt is
heard, but Mr. Quinn opted to
start his term immediately,
meaning he will spend Christmas
behind bars. He had tears in his eyes as he
said goodbye to supporters and
family members before being led
out of the court by police. He told
reporters he had made mistakes
but that the “whole thing is a cha-
rade.” Mr. Quinn’s son Sean and
nephew Peter, who were also
found guilty of contempt, were
handed three-month jail terms in
July. Peter Quinn fled the juris-
diction to Northern Ireland while
his cousin served a full sentence. Ireland’s costly banking rescue
helped push the country into
seeking an international bailout
two years ago this month. It is
the subject of intense negotia-
tions in Europe to ease the bur-
den as Dublin tries to exit its pro-
gram next year. In the country’s
boom years, Mr. Quinn turned a
rural quarrying operation on his
family farm into a global business
empire spanning wind farms, ce-
ment plants and hotels, but he be-
came the subject of the largest
Irish bankruptcy order ever just
four years after becoming its
richest man. He is still regarded by some as
a hero thanks to his role as a big
employer in his home county of
Cavan. Thousands of locals, in-
cluding sports figures and poli-
ticians, have held two rallies
since August to support him in
the court proceedings. Mr. Quinn’s use of loans to
make the ill-fated investments in
the former Anglo resulted in the
failed lender pursuing him for
debts of almost 3 billion euros in a
global treasure hunt from court-
rooms in Dublin to the British
Virgin Islands. Irish Ex-Billionaire Is Jailed
For Failing to Disclose Assets
been making much of tax plat-
forms that aim to spur growth
and job creation while promoting
fairness. Mr. Romney has been
the more ambitious, calling for
sweeping tax reform that would
lower rates while broadening the
base by limiting unspecified de-
ductions and loopholes. “Tax poli-
cy shapes almost everything in-
dividuals and enterprises do as
they participate in the economy,”
he says on his “Mitt Romney for
President” Web site.
President Obama has called for
a return to the top rates that pre-
vailed in the Clinton administra-
tion and higher rates on capital
gains and dividends. “We can’t
get this done unless we also ask
the wealthiest households to pay
higher taxes on their incomes
above $250,000 —pay the same
rate we had when Bill Clinton
was president,” Mr. Obama said
last month while campaigning in
New Hampshire. “We created 23
million new jobs, and we went
from a deficit to surplus. That’s
how you do it.”
So what would the impact of
their tax proposals be? After con-
sulting several tax experts,I did
the calculations both on my own
returns for 2009 and 2011 as well
as for the wealthiest 400 taxpay-
For the Romney plan, I took
the proposals from his Web site
that apply to taxpayers with ad-
justed gross incomes over
$200,000: a 20 percent cut in the
top rate (to 28 percent from 35
percent); dividends and capital
gains taxed at the existing prefer-
ential rate of 15 percent;and the
abolition of the alternative mini-
mum tax. Mr. Romney hasn’t
said what itemized deductions he
would abolish or limit, but he has
said he might cap or eliminate
those deductions for high-income
taxpayers. Mr. Romney has mentioned a
cap on deductions of $17,000, and
has also said:“One way, for in-
stance, would be to have a single
number. Make up a number,
$25,000, $50,000. Anybody can
have deductions up to that
amount And then that number
disappears for high-income peo-
ple,” meaning high-income peo-
ple would be allowed no itemized
deductions. So in the spirit of Mr. Romney’s
comments, I eliminated all item-
ized deductions. I retained the
self-employed health insurance
deduction and the deduction for
contributions to a qualifying re-
tirement plan. So far as I can tell,
Mr. Romney hasn’t proposed
abolishing those.
I took Mr. Obama’s tax propos-
als from his proposed budget and
subsequent campaign state-
ments, in which he has called for
a return to Clinton era rates of 36
percent (for single taxpayers in
roughly the $200,000 to $400,000
bracket) and 39.6 percent for
those earning over $400,000 for
both ordinary and dividend in-
come and a 20 percent rate on
capital gains. While Mr. Obama
has talked about repealing the
A.M.T., he hasn’t actually pro-
posed doing so and has only sug-
gested indexing it to inflation, so
I retained the the Oba-
ma calculations.
I assumed the Obama propos-
als would raise my rate and the
Romney plan would lower it. But
the Romney plan actually in-
creased my rate to 25.5 percent
from 22.2 percent in 2011, and to
27.6 percent from 26.7 percent in
2009. The Obama plan raised it
even more substantially, to 30.6
percent in 2011 and 29.3 percent
in 2009. Including the minimum tax in
the Obama plan had a significant
impact. If Mr. Obama abolished
it, my rate under his plan fell to
29.7 percent in 2011 and to 26.7
percent in 2009 —lower than the
Romney plan, in fact,in 2009.If
Mr. Romney allowed me the
$17,000 in itemized deductions he
has mentioned, it would have
only a negligible impact, lower-
ing my rates 0.5 percent.
It’s hard to generalize from one
return. Since I live in New York, I
have high state and local tax de-
ductions, to some extent recap-
tured by the A.M.T. So I benefited
from Mr. Obama’s retention of
most deductions (although he
has talked of some limitations on
higher-income taxpayers).I had
some capital gains in 2011 (and
benefited from Mr. Romney’s
lower rate) while, like many peo-
ple, I had a net loss in 2009.
Still, the results suggest that
Mr. Romney’s plan, far from be-
ing a tax cut, would raise my tax-
es. Mr. Obama’s proposals im-
pose an even steeper increase,
assuming he doesn’t repeal the
minimum tax.That’s not surpris-
ing, since he hasn’t masked his
intention to make higher-earning
taxpayers pay more. And my re-
sults for Mr. Obama don’t include
the 3.8 percent surcharge on in-
vestment income scheduled to go
into effect as part of his health
care legislation.
What about the fairness issue
that set off my interest in the first
place? I did the same calcula-
tions for the ultrarich who repre-
sent the top 400 taxpayers, using
2009 data, the most recent avail-
able, and 2007, a more represent-
ative year since incomes were
depressed during the financial
crisis. Contrary to some attacks on
Mr.Romney’s plan, his proposals
don’t appear to disproportionate-
ly benefit the ultrarich. In 2009,
they paid an average 20.6 percent
in federal tax on adjusted gross
income of nearly $81 million;in
2007 it was 17 percent on an aver-
age $138 million.Mr. Romney’s
plan would yield a 20.4 percent
rate in 2009, a slight reduction,
and 18.5 percent in 2007, which is
1.5 percentage points higher.
Still, Mr. Romney’s plan does-
n’t affect the ultrarich much at
all, since they derive so much of
their income (as he does) from
capital gains, and he has pledged
to maintain the existing low capi-
tal gains rate. In both 2009 and
2007, the ultrarich paid a much
lower rate than I would under Mr.
Romney’s plan.
Under Mr. Obama’s proposals,
rates on the top 400 would rise to
30.6 percent in 2009 (significantly
higher than my rate for that
year) and 32 percent in 2007. Mr.
Obama’s plan goes a long way to-
ward resolving the fairness issue,
at least in my case, even if it does
raise my taxes.
I shared the outcome with both
campaigns,and neither cam-
paign directly responded to my
question. Adam Fletcher, a spokesman for the Obama cam-
paign,said, “The bottom line is
that you simply cannot check
Romney’s math without knowing
more details about his plan,
which he refuses to release.” He
added that the highest-earning
taxpayers would benefit from the
Romney plan, while middle-class
families with children shoulder
more of the burden.
In its statement, the Romney
campaign said, “Governor Rom-
ney’s plan will ease the tax bur-
den on middle-income families
and help small businesses grow
and create jobs.” William Gale, co-director of the
Tax Policy Center at the Brook-
ings Institution and the author of
a much-debated report on Mr.
Romney’s math, said my results
bore out his point that “you can’t
pay for the Romney tax rate cuts
without raising taxes on the mid-
dle class,” adding:“That’s not to
say tax reform is useless. You
could do a 1986, Reagan kind of
reform. You increase the tax on
capital gains and bring down the
rates. But that’s something Rom-
ney has explicitly sworn off.”
The paradox is that many Re-
publicans and Democrats sup-
port tax reform along those lines,
but no one would know that from
the campaign rhetoric. “Presi-
dent Reagan didn’t really want to
raise capital gains taxes,” Profes-
sor Leonard E. Burman, a tax ex-
pert at Syracuse University and a
member of the Bipartisan Policy
Center’s Debt Reduction Task
Force said.“But he did because it
was the only way to cut rates
without shifting the tax to mid-
dle-income people. Unfortunate-
ly,the campaign hasn’t clarified
the issue much. There’s been a
tremendous amount of obfusca-
Still, a few things emerge from
my exercise: President Obama’s
plan would impose higher rates
on higher-income taxpayers, es-
pecially at the very top. My rate,
although higher than I pay now,
would be lower than that paid by
the ultrarich. I’d pay higher rates
under Mr. Romney’s plan than I
do nowbut lower than under Mr.
Obama’s. Still, they’d be signifi-
cantly higher than the ultrarich
pay, which leaves the fairness is-
sue unaddressed.
Voters may disagree about
who’s right, but the choice seems
clear. And now I have some idea
what the tab will be. Comparing the Tax Bite With Obama and Romney
From First Business Page
President Obama and Mitt Romney in the last presidential debate in Boca Raton, Fla., on Oct.22. Your income from wages, salaries,
tips, interest and other income,
excluding dividends and capital gains
Under Romney’s proposal
Multiply line 1 by your
Romney tax rate from box
above (shown in parentheses)
Your income from dividends
Your income from capital gains
Add lines 3 and 4
Multiply line 5 by .15
Total tax: add lines 2 and 6
Divide line 7 by your adjusted gross
income (line 37 from I.R.S. Form 1040) This is your potential tax rate
under Romney’s tax proposal.
Your income from wages, salaries,
tips, interest and other income,
excluding dividends and capital gains
Under Obama’s proposal
Your itemized deductions
Subtract line 4 from line 3
Multiply line 5 by your
Obama tax rate from box
above (shown in parentheses)
Your income from capital gains
Add lines 6 and 8
Multiply line 7 by .20 if you are in
either of the top two Obama brackets;
by .10 for all other brackets
Alternative minimum tax, if any10
Add lines 9 and 1011
Divide line 11 by your adjusted gross
income (line 37 from I.R.S. Form 1040) This is your potential tax rate
under Obama’s tax proposal.
How the Election May Change Your Taxes
To find how your taxes could be affected by the presidential candidates’ proposed changes to the tax code, first find your tax rate under each candidate in the box below. Then, using a recent I.R.S. Form 1040, fill out the worksheets to determine your potential tax rate under each candidate.
Add lines 1 and 2
Your income from dividends
$8,750 (0.08)8%
8,750 35,500 (0.12)12%(0.15)15%15%
35,500 86,000 (0.20)20%(0.25)25%25%
86,000 179,400 (0.224)22.4%(0.28)28%28%
179,400 199,350 (0.264)26.4%(0.33)33%33%
199,350 390,050 (0.264)26.4%(0.36)36%33%
390,050 - (0.28)28%(0.396)39.6%35%
By Reuters
Berkshire Hathaway, the con-
glomerate run by Warren E.Buf-
fett, reported on Friday that its
third-quarter profit rose as
strength in the railroad and util-
ity businesses, as well as invest-
ment gains, offset weaker results
in its insurance units.
Berkshire earned $3.92 billion,
or $2,373 per Class A share, in
contrast to $2.28 billion,or $1,380
per share, a year earlier. Book
value, Mr. Buffett’s preferred
measure of the company’s worth,
rose to $111,718 per Class A share,
up 11.9 percent since year end.
The conglomerate,with hold-
ings that include ice cream and
insurance companies, employs
more than a quarter-million peo-
ple worldwide. Berkshire said its
cash holdings grew to $47.78 bil-
lion, up $10 billion from the start
of the year.
Mr. Buffett told CNBC last
week that he was “salivating” for
a major acquisition after two
deals of more than $20 billion
each fell through in the last few
months.He knocked off a bit of
that cash on Friday with a deal to
buy the toy and party supply
company Oriental Trading,
though at $500 million it has little
chance of “moving the needle,” as
he has said he would like to do.
Berkshire said in a quarterly
filing with securities regulators
late Friday that it spent $1.8 bil-
lion in total on smaller acquisi-
tions in the first nine months of
the year. Many of those deals are
never announced.
Berkshire said underwriting
profits in its insurance unit fell
sharply in the third quarter com-
pared with a year ago,when the
business had a one-time gain.
One bright spot was the auto in-
surer Geico, whose underwriting
gain nearly quadrupled on a
higher policy count and better
The company’s Burlington
Northern Santa Fe railroad re-
ported a gain in revenue on high-
er volumes, leading to stronger
earnings. Railroads and Utilities Lift Earnings for Berkshire Hathaway
Australia (Dollar) 1.0331 .9680
China (Yuan) .1602 6.2413
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1290 7.7497
India (Rupee) .0186 53.8100
Japan (Yen) .0124 80.4400
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3277 3.0515
New Zealand (Dollar) .8246 1.2127
Pakistan (Rupee) .0104 95.7000
Philippines (Peso) .0244 41.0500
Singapore (Dollar) .8169 1.2242
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1090.7
Taiwan (Dollar) .0342 29.2080
Thailand (Baht) .0325 30.7800
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20825
Britain (Pound) 1.6023 .6241
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0509 19.6440
Denmark (Krone) .1721 5.8093
Europe (Euro) 1.2829 .7795
Hungary (Forint) .0046 219.64
Gold COMX $/oz 1934.60 766.00 Dec 12 1715.60 1717.20 1674.80 1675.20 ◊ 40.30 296,816
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4951.00 347.50 Dec 12 3228.00 3236.50 3081.50 3085.70 ◊ 139.10 76,071
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 448.65 308.85 Dec 12 355.15 355.80 347.25 348.15 ◊ 7.05 83,687
Nasdaq 100 2656.28 ◊ 31.24 ◊ 1.16 + 14.58 + 16.61
Composite 2982.13 ◊ 37.93 ◊ 1.26 + 12.96 + 14.47
Industrials 2525.65 ◊ 16.60 ◊ 0.65 + 12.64 + 16.48
Banks 1851.98 ◊ 23.41 ◊ 1.25 + 18.51 + 14.47
Insurance 4616.42 ◊ 60.05 ◊ 1.28 + 10.04 + 7.93
Other Finance 4070.10 ◊ 45.56 ◊ 1.11 + 17.81 + 18.12
Telecommunications 185.07 ◊ 2.42 ◊ 1.29 ◊ 6.07 ◊ 6.02
Computer 1563.68 ◊ 25.59 ◊ 1.61 + 10.72 + 13.42
Industrials 13093.16 ◊ 139.46 ◊ 1.05 + 10.62 + 7.17
Transportation 5110.17 ◊ 57.32 ◊ 1.11 + 5.86 + 1.80
Utilities 469.78 ◊ 3.15 ◊ 0.67 + 4.70 + 1.10
Composite 4421.30 ◊ 44.48 ◊ 1.00 + 8.13 + 4.47
100 Stocks 646.88 ◊ 6.22 ◊ 0.95 + 16.33 + 13.33
500 Stocks 1414.20 ◊ 13.39 ◊ 0.94 + 14.24 + 12.45
Mid-Cap 400 987.80 ◊ 15.77 ◊ 1.57 + 12.60 + 12.36
Small-Cap 600 457.34 ◊ 6.35 ◊ 1.37 + 13.12 + 10.18
+ 5%
– 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
+ 5%
– 5%
Nasdaq Composite
+ 5%
– 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
2,982.13 –37.93
1.72% –0.01
$84.86 –$2.23
$1,674.10 –$40.00
$1.2829 –$0.0109
13,093.16 –139.46
1,414.20 –13.39
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
NYSE Comp. 8234.91 ◊ 76.45 ◊ 0.92 + 10.37 + 10.14
Tech/Media/Telecom 5986.34 ◊ 50.60 ◊ 0.84 + 7.71 + 9.14
Energy 12570.23 ◊ 177.08 ◊ 1.39 + 1.94 + 1.29
Financial 4882.55 ◊ 30.96 ◊ 0.63 + 17.24 + 20.17
Healthcare 7866.68 ◊ 52.03 ◊ 0.66 + 17.08 + 11.65
American Exch 2358.72 ◊ 18.99 ◊ 0.80 + 4.53 + 3.53
Wilshire 5000 14794.52 ◊ 149.04 ◊ 1.00 + 13.55 + 12.17
Value Line Arith 3038.16 ◊ 35.38 ◊ 1.15 + 12.79 + 12.71
Russell 2000 814.37 ◊ 13.48 ◊ 1.63 + 11.08 + 9.91
Phila Gold & Silver 178.96 ◊ 8.12 ◊ 4.34 ◊ 12.19 ◊ 0.93
Phila Semiconductor 372.31 ◊ 7.19 ◊ 1.89 ◊ 0.95 + 2.16
KBW Bank 50.09 ◊ 0.36 ◊ 0.71 + 27.20 + 27.20
Phila Oil Service 215.51 ◊ 3.75 ◊ 1.71 ◊ 5.23 ◊ 0.36
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.84 3.38
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.40 4.04
30-yr fixed 3.46 4.09
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.03 4.74
5/1 adj. rate 2.89 3.01
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.93 3.13
1-year adj. rate 4.74 2.94
$75K line good credit* 4.20 4.34% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.19 4.27
$75K loan good credit* 5.17 5.66
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.10 5.49
Home Equity
36-mo. used car 3.62 4.50% %
60-mo. new car 2.94 4.31
uto Loan Rates
Money-market 0.49 0.51% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.51 0.61
6-month CD 0.47 0.47
1-year CD 0.70 0.74
2-year CD 0.83 0.84
5-year IRA CD 1.35 1.67
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
Months Years
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
ield Curve
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5280 3784 1321 175
Advances 2461 1735 645 81
Declines 2571 1948 532 91
Unchanged 137 47 87 3
52 Week High 249 181 62 6
52 Week Low 80 46 31 3
Dollar Volume
15,317 9,270 5,512 533
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Berkshire Hathaway Fin (BRK) 4.625 Oct ‘13 Aa2 A+ 104.095 102.921 102.921 –1.074 1.480
Morgan Stanley (MS) 4.875 Nov ‘22 Baa2 Bbb+ 104.648 101.196 102.008 0.462 4.621
General Electric Cap Medium Term (Ge.Hdj) 5.400 Sep ‘13 A1 104.358 104.321 104.358 0.202 0.374
Bank Amer (Bac.Hap) 6.000 Sep ‘17 Baa2 A 117.133 115.725 117.133 –0.060 2.228
JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM) 3.250 Sep ‘22 A2 104.997 102.406 102.406 –0.147 2.967
American Express Cr Medium Term Nts (Axp) 2.375 Mar ‘17 A2 A+ 105.508 105.126 105.222 –0.074 1.149
Toronto Dominion Bk Sr Medium Term Td.Gk) 1.375 Jul ‘14 Aaa Aa– 101.772 101.517 101.621 0.091 0.409
General Elec Cap Medium Term (Ge.Hpg) 1.875 Sep ‘13 A1 101.317 101.000 101.110 –0.338 0.576
BANK MONTREAL MED TERM (BMO.HD) 1.750 Apr ‘14 Aa2 AA– 102.015 101.784 101.784 –0.080 0.536
TRANSOCEAN (RIG) 3.800 Oct ‘22 Baa3 BBB– 102.311 101.808 102.145 –0.142 3.536
Energy Future Inter Hldg Co Llc (Tefh) 10.000 Dec ‘20 Caa3 Ccc+ 107.600 104.000 106.750 –2.000 8.548
Aes (Aes3874654) 7.375 Jul ‘21 Ba3 Bb 112.000 111.500 111.938 0.188 5.601
Energy Future Hldgs (Txu.Mb) 10.000 Jan ‘20 Caa3 Ccc+ 104.250 100.500 104.000 0.500 9.012
First Data (Kkr) 12.625 Jan ‘21 Caa1 Ccc+ 107.000 104.500 105.125 0.625 11.548
Supervalu (Svu.Go) 8.000 May ‘16 Caa1 Ccc+ 99.138 94.100 96.000 1.500 9.371
Spectrum Brands (Hrg) 9.500 Jun ‘18 Ba3 Bb– 114.250 113.500 113.625 –0.125 3.587
Cdw Llc (Cdwc.An) 8.500 Apr ‘19 B3 108.000 107.375 107.375 –0.125 6.541
Txu (Txu.Ko) 6.550 Nov ‘34 Ca C 39.716 35.000 36.500 –0.850 18.599
Lender Processing Svcs (Lps) 5.750 Apr ‘23 Ba2 107.100 106.125 106.500 –0.750 4.757
Dolphin Subsidiary Ii (Aes) 7.250 Oct ‘21 Ba1 Bb+ 110.750 109.000 109.000 –2.500 5.911
Intel (Intc.Ge) 3.250 Aug ‘39 A2 124.750 122.950 122.950 –1.050 2.121
Vertex Pharmaceuticals (Vrtx.Gh) 3.350 Oct ‘15 N.A. 117.194 112.250 116.569 –6.572 –11.993
Lifepoint Hospitals, . (Lpnt.Ge) 3.500 May ‘14 N.A. Bb– 109.000 102.761 109.000 6.000 –2.277
Anixter Intl (Axe.Gi) 1.000 Feb ‘13 N.A. Bb– 110.118 106.000 108.683 –0.067 –28.370
Advanced Micro Devices (Amd.Gg) 6.000 May ‘15 N.A. B 96.600 92.536 93.000 –2.105 N.A.
Amgen (Amgn.Gn) 0.375 Feb ‘13 Baa1 Bbb 113.465 112.000 113.229 0.729 –49.697
A123 Systems (Aone.Aa) 3.750 Apr ‘16 N.A. 51.500 47.000 48.500 3.250 N.A.
Dendreon (Dndn.Gc) 2.875 Jan ‘16 N.A. 70.280 64.000 67.500 4.000 16.350
Navistar Intl New (Nav.Gm) 3.000 Oct ‘14 N.A. Cc 90.875 88.138 90.875 0.750 8.183
Walter Invt Mgmt (Madz) 4.500 Nov ‘19 N.A. 111.522 110.657 110.750 0.925 2.795
high yield +6.66%
invest. grade +3.22%
– 5
+ 5
52-week Total Returns
high yield +12.87%
invest. grade +8.63%
Source: Bloomberg
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
Sept. ’12 %+7.8
Aug. ’12 +6.5
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
Sept. ’12 %+3.3
Aug. ’12 +3.7
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
ug. ’12 –44.2
July ’12 –42.5
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
Sept. ’12 5.9
Aug. ’12 6.0
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
Oct. ’12 51.7
Sept. ’12 51.5
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
Jan 13 ◊ ◊ 0.10 0.09 +0.00 0.10
May 13 ◊ ◊ 0.15 0.15 +0.00 0.15
Apr 17 [ 107-05 107-08 –0-01 -1.43
Jul 22 [ 108-30 109-03 –0-08 -0.76
Jan 29 2ø 143-13 143-29 –0-09 -0.15
Feb 42 } 109-27 110-11 –0-17 0.39
Oct 14 ü ◊ 99.93 99.94 ◊ 0.29
Oct 17 } ◊ 100.14 100.15 +0.12 0.72
Aug 22 1| ◊ 99.17 99.19 +0.12 1.72
Aug 42 2} ◊ 96.91 96.94 +0.03 2.91
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
Bank of Am (BAC) 9.85 +0.11 +1.1 2199889
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.90 +0.09 +3.2 683688
Microsoft (MSFT) 29.50 ◊0.02 ◊0.1 571311
American I (AIG) 32.68 ◊2.52 ◊7.2 561415
Ford Motor (F) 11.17 ◊0.08 ◊0.7 529130
Intel Corp (INTC) 22.06 ◊0.20 ◊0.9 517177
General El (GE) 21.31 ◊0.03 ◊0.1 449358
Sprint Nex (S) 5.70 +0.09 +1.6 412717
Facebook I (FB) 21.18 ◊0.03 ◊0.1 383052
Prospect C (PSEC) 10.86 ◊1.06 ◊8.9 376642
Alpha Natu (ANR) 9.06 +0.20 +2.3 370756
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 24.55 0.00 0.0 308189
Chesapeake (CHK) 18.49 ◊1.58 ◊7.9 306965
Dendreon C (DNDN) 4.47 +0.62 +16.1 298228
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 17.35 ◊0.16 ◊0.9 287664
Groupon In (GRPN) 3.83 ◊0.20 ◊5.0 283363
Yahoo! Inc (YHOO) 17.11 +0.16 +0.9 275668
Starbucks (SBUX) 50.84 +4.22 +9.1 274716
Mondelez I (MDLZ) 26.28 ◊0.52 ◊1.9 272623
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 13.76 ◊0.24 ◊1.7 265356
Big 5 Spor (BGFV) 12.02 +3.10 +34.8 20469
Restoratio (RH) 31.10 +7.10 +29.6 68377
Assisted L (ALC) 9.64 +1.63 +20.3 7796
TripAdviso (TRIP) 35.12 +5.71 +19.4 122110
hhgregg In (HGG) 7.60 +1.21 +18.9 14866
Tutor Peri (TPC) 12.09 +1.88 +18.4 13563
Keating Ca (KIPO) 7.31 +0.99 +15.7 124
TSR Inc (TSRI) 5.02 +0.61 +13.9 404
Cooper Tir (CTB) 22.85 +2.70 +13.4 59687
Tredegar C (TG) 19.16 +2.24 +13.2 1723
Grand Cany (LOPE) 24.43 +2.82 +13.0 16390
Advocat In (AVCA) 5.68 +0.62 +12.2 230
MGT Capita (MGT) 6.99 +0.73 +11.6 712
St Joe Co (JOE) 22.20
+2.30 +11.6 23441
AtriCure I (ATRC) 6.56 +0.65 +11.0 2537
U.S. Silic (SLCA) 14.25 +1.38 +10.7 9813
TransGlobe (TGA) 12.15 +1.14 +10.4 3083
ICF Intern (ICFI) 20.70 +1.77 +9.4 2072
Oplink Com (OPLK) 16.12 +1.36 +9.2 2125
Intermec I (IN) 7.39 +0.62 +9.2 11838
Active Net (ACTV) 5.42 ◊3.87 ◊41.7 161926
Globus Med (GMED) 14.38 ◊3.29 ◊18.6 15825
Skyworks S (SWKS) 19.95 ◊4.13 ◊17.2 172535
Blucora In (BCOR) 14.90 ◊3.03 ◊16.9 16466
Eloqua Inc (ELOQ) 20.67 ◊3.98 ◊16.1 2161
Nature’s S (NATR) 14.21 ◊2.61 ◊15.5 1314
PDI Inc (PDII) 6.27 ◊1.13 ◊15.3 429
Yelp Inc (YELP) 20.51 ◊3.52 ◊14.6 25290
Skullcandy (SKUL) 10.05 ◊1.66 ◊14.2 16024
Endocyte I (ECYT) 7.95 ◊1.30 ◊14.1 7952
Blyth Inc (BTH) 19.97 ◊3.17 ◊13.7 15150
WebMD Heal (WBMD) 13.48 ◊2.11 ◊13.5 9331
Pitney Bow (PBI) 12.73 ◊1.91 ◊13.0 168661
Procera Ne (PKT) 19.82 ◊2.95 ◊13.0 5359
ADA-ES Inc (ADES) 16.95 ◊2.43 ◊12.5 4583
Stratasys (SSYS) 59.20 ◊8.39 ◊12.4 15577
Brightcove (BCOV) 11.54 ◊1.49 ◊11.4 11967
HomeAway I (AWAY) 22.97 ◊2.93 ◊11.3 19418
Cirrus Log (CRUS) 32.11 ◊4.03 ◊11.2 77990
Cardtronic (CATM) 25.27 ◊3.17 ◊11.1 17038
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
Norway (Krone) .1743 5.7373
Poland (Zloty) .3126 3.1993
Russia (Ruble) .0318 31.4672
Sweden (Krona) .1492 6.7007
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0641 .9398
Turkey (Lira) .5582 1.7915
Argentina (Peso) .2099 4.7650
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4925 2.0303
Canada (Dollar) 1.0044 .9956
Chile (Peso) .0021 480.40
Colombia (Peso) .0005 1825.1
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0253 39.4500
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1278 7.8240
Honduras (Lempira) .0507 19.7200
Mexico (Peso) .0767 13.0377
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0418 23.9365
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4450.0
Peru (New Sol) .3854 2.5945
Uruguay (New Peso) .0508 19.7000
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6525 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1639 6.1000
Iran (Rial) .0001 12230
Israel (Shekel) .2571 3.8901
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4144 .7070
Kenya (Shilling) .0117 85.2000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5545 .2813
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.55 121.90 Dec 12 125.48 125.60 124.90 125.43 + 0.10 128,579
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 86.00 70.05 Dec 12 78.20 78.58 77.50 77.75 ◊ 0.13 88,300
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2420.00 2450.00 2408.00 2447.00 + 27.00 70,265
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 152.80 Dec 12 155.00 155.45 153.15 154.70 + 1.25 69,266
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 25.39 14.70 Feb 13 19.43 19.51 19.34 19.45 + 0.07 371,239
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 750.00 751.50 736.00 739.50 ◊ 11.50 488,109
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1781.50 1092.75 Jan 13 1558.50 1560.00 1524.25 1526.75 ◊ 33.25 277,786
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 867.25 873.75 858.75 864.50 ◊ 4.00 197,983
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 143.13 59.00 Nov 12 86.91 87.24 84.66 84.86 ◊ 2.23 362,250
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.35 2.30 Nov 12 3.03 3.04 2.94 2.95 ◊ 0.09 98,530
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 11.40 3.06 Dec 12 3.80 3.81 3.66 3.68 ◊ 0.14 267,934
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.90 euros
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.7793
Crude Oil
$84.86 a barrel
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 80.50
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7502
So. Africa (Rand) .1147 8.7200
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6729
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
or ·
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 75.49 95.46 88.97 ◊ 0.28 + 13.98 + 8.9
Abbott Lab (ABT) 52.05 72.47 64.96 ◊ 0.49 + 22.84 + 15.5
Accenture (ACN) 51.08 71.79 67.91 ◊ 0.92 + 16.13 + 27.6
Allstate C (ALL) 24.50 42.81 38.56 ◊ 0.49 + 48.31 + 40.7
Altria Gro (MO) 27.00 36.29 31.70 ◊ 0.27 + 16.59 + 6.9
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 264.11 232.42 + 0.28 + 7.79 + 34.3
American E (AEP) 36.97 45.41 44.23 ◊ 0.16 + 12.40 + 7.1
American E (AXP) 44.70 61.42 56.71 ◊ 0.14 + 12.70 + 20.2
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 54.59 89.95 86.45 ◊ 0.76 + 57.76 + 34.6
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 70.26 ◊ 0.08 ◊ 13.06 ◊ 8.0
Apache Cor (APA) 77.93 112.09 81.22 ◊ 0.63 ◊ 17.43 ◊ 10.3
Apple Inc (AAPL) 363.32 705.07 576.80 ◊ 19.74 + 45.14 + 42.4
AT&T Inc (T) 27.41 38.58 34.93 ◊ 0.16 + 20.12 + 15.5
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 59.84 41.59 ◊ 0.96 ◊ 24.56 ◊ 14.5
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 9.85 + 0.11 + 46.58 + 77.2
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.67 25.30 24.53 ◊ 0.57 + 17.20 + 23.2
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 64.91 64.75 + 1.14 + 18.65 + 30.9
Berkshire (BRKb) 72.60 90.93 86.93 ◊ 0.75 + 12.18 + 13.9
Boeing Co (BA) 62.12 77.83 70.05 ◊ 0.74 + 8.77 ◊ 4.5
Bristol-My (BMY) 30.10 36.34 33.18 ◊ 0.30 + 6.45 ◊ 5.8
Capital On (COF) 39.30 61.83 61.40 0.00 + 35.84 + 45.2
Caterpilla (CAT) 78.25 116.95 85.79 ◊ 1.86 ◊ 8.68 ◊ 5.3
Chevron Co (CVX) 92.29 118.53 108.37 ◊ 3.09 + 3.66 + 1.9
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.96 21.30 17.35 ◊ 0.16 ◊ 2.80 ◊ 4.0
Citigroup (C) 23.30 38.72 37.60 ◊ 0.35 + 26.05 + 42.9
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 32.37 40.66 37.08 ◊ 0.25 + 9.43 + 6.0
Colgate-Pa (CL) 86.19 110.97 104.96 ◊ 0.91 + 19.35 + 13.6
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 20.90 37.96 37.61 + 0.06 + 63.38 + 58.6
ConocoPhil (COP) 50.41 59.68 57.65 ◊ 0.77 + 9.44 + 3.8
Costco Who (COST) 78.81 104.43 96.12 ◊ 1.01 + 13.85 + 15.4
CVS Carema (CVS) 36.44 49.23 46.56 + 0.07 + 30.16 + 14.2
Dell Inc (DELL) 9.11 18.36 9.15 ◊ 0.18 ◊ 40.78 ◊ 37.5
Devon Ener (DVN) 54.01 76.34 57.80 ◊ 0.72 ◊ 11.70 ◊ 6.8
”Dow Chemic (DOW) 24.42 36.08 29.75 ◊ 0.36 + 6.25 + 3.4
E. I. du P (DD) 43.06 53.98 44.15 ◊ 0.85 ◊ 7.69 ◊ 3.6
eBay Inc (EBAY) 28.15 50.94 48.69 ◊ 0.53 + 53.21 + 60.5
Eli Lilly (LLY) 35.46 53.99 48.55 ◊ 0.55 + 29.54 + 16.8
EMC Corp (EMC) 21.25 30.00 24.98 ◊ 0.23 + 2.76 + 16.0
Emerson El (EMR) 43.58 53.78 49.81 ◊ 0.57 + 0.04 + 6.9
”Exelon Cor (EXC) 32.21 45.45 32.77 ◊ 0.81 ◊ 25.91 ◊ 24.4
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 73.90 93.67 90.27 ◊ 1.33 + 16.67 + 6.5
FedEx Corp (FDX) 76.06 97.19 92.64 ◊ 0.37 + 14.98 + 10.9
”Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 11.17 ◊ 0.08 + 0.18 + 3.8
”Freeport-M (FCX) 31.08 48.96 39.26 ◊ 1.24 ◊ 1.31 + 6.7
General Dy (GD) 60.60 74.54 68.81 ◊ 0.61 + 11.07 + 3.6
General El (GE) 14.68 23.18 21.31 ◊ 0.03 + 31.14 + 19.0
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 70.39 67.01 ◊ 0.49 + 63.32 + 63.7
Goldman Sa (GS) 86.90 128.72 123.25 ◊ 1.60 + 16.13 + 36.3
Google Inc (GOOG) 556.52 774.38 687.92 + 0.33 + 17.63 + 6.5
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 49.75 58.56 57.28 ◊ 0.41 + 8.06 + 6.0
”Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 40.43 32.11 ◊ 0.57 ◊ 12.22 ◊ 7.0
”Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 13.68 30.00 13.76 ◊ 0.24 ◊ 46.89 ◊ 46.6
Home Depot (HD) 35.85 63.20 62.02 ◊ 0.24 + 72.33 + 47.5
Honeywell (HON) 48.82 63.48 62.43 ◊ 0.20 + 19.03 + 14.9
”Intel Corp (INTC) 21.22 29.27 22.06 ◊ 0.20 ◊ 7.51 ◊ 9.0
Internatio (IBM) 177.06 211.79 193.43 ◊ 3.72 + 5.17 + 5.2
Johnson & (JNJ) 61.05 72.74 70.90 ◊ 0.60 + 11.41 + 8.1
JPMorgan C (JPM) 28.28 46.49 42.42 ◊ 0.42 + 26.10 + 27.6
Lockheed M (LMT) 72.37 94.96 93.72
◊ 0.47 + 25.76 + 15.8
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 21.21 33.63 33.15 + 0.19 + 55.41 + 30.6
MasterCard (MA) 336.26 486.08 469.45 + 0.76 + 31.26 + 25.9
McDonald’s (MCD) 85.92 102.22 86.86 + 0.06 ◊ 6.13 ◊ 13.4
Medtronic (MDT) 33.21 44.79 42.00 ◊ 0.25 + 23.64 + 9.8
Merck & Co (MRK) 33.13 48.00 46.00 + 0.06 + 34.54 + 22.0
”Metlife In (MET) 27.60 39.55 34.70 ◊ 0.78 + 0.55 + 11.3
Microsoft (MSFT) 24.30 32.95 29.50 ◊ 0.02 + 13.42 + 13.6
”Mondelez I (MDLZ) 22.31 28.48 26.28 ◊ 0.52 + 15.95 + 7.5
Monsanto C (MON) 67.09 92.20 85.87 ◊ 0.98 + 18.92 + 22.5
”Morgan Sta (MS) 12.26 21.19 17.78 + 0.17 + 6.09 + 17.5
”National O (NOV) 59.07 89.95 71.65 ◊ 1.46 + 2.14 + 5.4
News Corp (NWSA) 15.93 25.50 23.89 ◊ 0.37 + 41.36 + 33.9
Nike Inc (NKE) 85.10 114.81 94.54 ◊ 0.81 ◊ 0.42 ◊ 1.9
”Norfolk So (NSC) 60.96 78.50 61.13 ◊ 0.64 ◊ 16.17 ◊ 16.1
Occidental (OXY) 76.59 106.68 78.33 ◊ 0.73 ◊ 15.95 ◊ 16.4
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.91 33.76 31.21 ◊ 0.27 ◊ 3.31 + 21.7
PepsiCo In (PEP) 61.56 73.66 69.05 ◊ 0.39 + 10.64 + 4.1
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 18.15 26.09 24.55 0.00 + 25.70 + 13.4
Philip Mor (PM) 69.12 94.13 86.93 ◊ 0.66 + 24.42 + 10.8
Procter & (PG) 59.07 70.83 69.19 ◊ 0.06 + 10.07 + 3.7
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 51.60 68.87 59.30 ◊ 0.43 + 13.65 + 8.4
”Raytheon C (RTN) 42.00 58.68 57.03 ◊ 0.13 + 32.08 + 17.9
Schlumberg (SLB) 59.12 80.78 68.77 ◊ 1.38 ◊ 5.46 + 0.7
Simon Prop (SPG) 115.21 164.17 155.75 + 3.20 + 21.98 + 20.8
Southern C (SO) 42.11 48.59 45.77 ◊ 0.25 + 5.88 ◊ 1.1
”„Starbucks (SBUX) 40.75 62.00 50.84 + 4.22 + 23.46 + 10.5
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 65.80 62.71 ◊ 0.23 + 18.50 + 22.4
Texas Inst (TXN) 26.06 34.24 28.53 ◊ 0.68 ◊ 5.09 ◊ 2.0
Time Warne (TWX) 32.09 46.59 43.36 ◊ 0.44 + 29.16 + 20.0
U.S. Banco (USB) 23.72 35.46 33.43 ◊ 0.23 + 32.08 + 23.6
Union Paci (UNP) 95.15 129.27 123.98 ◊ 1.99 + 25.24 + 17.0
United Par (UPS) 66.46 81.79 73.48 ◊ 0.42 + 5.96 + 0.4
United Tec (UTX) 70.41 87.50 78.07 ◊ 0.99 + 1.51 + 6.8
UnitedHeal (UNH) 43.42 60.75 56.05 ◊ 0.90 + 20.90 + 10.6
Verizon Co (VZ) 35.32 48.77 44.52 ◊ 0.62 + 20.98 + 11.0
Visa Inc (V) 88.78 146.41 143.40 ◊ 0.48 + 56.72 + 41.2
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 56.26 77.60 72.77 ◊ 0.68 + 27.98 + 21.8
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.34 34.89 ◊ 0.61 + 5.76 + 5.5
Walt Disne (DIS) 33.28 53.40 49.86 + 0.08 + 46.35 + 33.0
Wells Farg (WFC) 23.19 36.60 33.74 ◊ 0.32 + 33.20 + 22.4
”Williams C (WMB) 23.78 37.56 33.07 ◊ 0.62 + 34.10 + 22.6
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes:
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
+7.6 +8.0 +5.2 507 507 489 Vanguard Short-Term Invest-Grade Adm (VFSUX) CS +4.3 +4.2 +4.2 0.10 25,419
PIMCO High Yield Instl (PHIYX) HY +12.2 +13.0 +7.8 0.55 15,605
PIMCO Low Duration Instl (PTLDX) CS +5.7 +5.9 +5.1 0.46 14,180
American Funds American Hi Inc Tr A (AHITX) HY +12.1 +12.3 +6.8 0.70 13,822
Loomis Sayles Bond Instl (LSBDX) MU +12.6 +11.5 +7.0 0.64 13,082
Vanguard High-Yield Corporate Adm (VWEAX) HY +12.2 +13.5 +8.0 0.13 12,591
Lord Abbett Short Duration Income A (LALDX) CS +6.0 +6.5 +6.3 0.29 10,859
Fidelity Strategic Income (FSICX) MU +8.9 +8.8 +7.9 0.71 10,294
Fidelity Capital & Income (FAGIX) HY +13.1 +12.3 +8.4 0.77 9,733
JPMorgan High Yield Select (OHYFX) HY +12.5 +13.6 +8.3 0.90 8,103
T. Rowe Price High-Yield (PRHYX) HY +12.8 +14.2 +8.1 0.75 7,911
JPMorgan Short Duration Bond Select (HLLVX) CS +1.6 +1.6 +3.2 0.55 7,611
Fidelity Short-Term Bond (FSHBX) CS +2.2 +2.2 +2.2 0.45 7,306
DFA One-Year Fixed-Income I (DFIHX) UB +0.9 +0.8 +1.9 0.17 7,104
American Funds Interm Bond Fd of Amer A (AIBAX) CS +2.6 +2.7 +3.2 0.60 6,959
Fidelity High Income (SPHIX) HY +12.8 +13.6 +8.7 0.76 6,582
T. Rowe Price Spectrum Income (RPSIX) MU +9.0 +9.6 +6.3 * 6,556
Oppenheimer Global Strategic Inc A (OPSIX) MU +11.5 +10.9 +6.0 0.91 6,340
PIMCO Short-Term Instl (PTSHX) UB +3.1 +3.0 +2.7 0.45 6,266
Vanguard Short-Term Bond Index Signal (VBSSX) CS +1.8 +1.8 +4.1 0.10 5,834
T. Rowe Price Short-Term Bond (PRWBX) CS +2.8 +2.7 +3.7 0.53 5,792
Fidelity Floating Rate High Income (FFRHX) BL +5.8 +6.2 +4.4 0.71 5,705
PIMCO Diversified Inc Instl (PDIIX) MU +12.8 +13.3 +9.1 0.75 5,507
PIMCO Income P (PONPX) MU +18.7 +19.4 NA 0.50 1,310
JHancock High-Yield A (JHHBX) HY +21.0 +18.9 +1.6 1.07 404
Loomis Sayles High Income A (NEFHX) HY +18.3 +18.0 +7.3 1.15 89
Waddell & Reed High-Income Y (WYHIX) HY +16.3 +17.8 +9.4 0.78 213
Federated High-Yield Svc (FHYTX) HY +15.8 +16.4 +9.0 0.99 322
Invesco High-Yield Secs A (HYLAX) HY +16.1 +16.4 +8.1 1.59 64
Ivy High Income A (WHIAX) HY +14.3 +16.2 +10.0 1.00 2,615
Western Asset High Yield I (WAHYX) HY +14.9 +16.1 +7.9 0.66 374
AllianceBern High Income A (AGDAX) MU +15.5 +15.9 +10.3 0.92 2,460
Nuveen High Income Bond I (FJSYX) HY +15.6 +15.8 +8.3 0.80 510
Western Asset Global High Yield Bd A (SAHYX) HY +15.5 +15.8 +6.9 1.13 369
Transamerica High Yield Bond A (IHIYX) HY +14.9 +15.7 +9.2 1.09 264
Federated US Govt 1-3 Yr Svc (FSGIX) GS ◊0.3 ◊0.6 +2.1 0.80 93
Dreyfus Short-Intermediate Government (DSIGX) GS ◊0.1 ◊0.1 +2.4 0.81 140
BNY Mellon Short-Term US Govt Secs M (MPSUX) GS * * +2.3 0.52 293
JPMorgan Treasury & Agency A (OTABX) GS +0.1 * +2.6 0.70 80
SA US Fixed Income (SAUFX) CS +0.3 +0.1 +1.7 0.65 384
Bernstein U.S. Gov Short Dur (SNGSX) GS +0.3 +0.3 +2.1 0.66 107
Federated Gov Ultrashort Duration A (FGUAX) UB +0.3 +0.4 +0.9 0.70 70
AllianceBern Short Duration A (ADPAX) CS +0.4 +0.4 +1.3 0.94 52
American Century Short-Term Govt Inv (TWUSX) GS +0.3 +0.4 +2.5 0.56 407
Federated US Govt 2-5 Yr Svc (FIGIX) GS +0.6 +0.4 +4.3 0.81 112
LWAS/DFA Two-Year Government Portfolio (DFYGX) GS +0.4 +0.5 +2.1 0.29 145
PNC Ultra Short Bond I (PNCIX) UB +0.5 +0.5 +1.9 0.34 437
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source:
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: BL
-Bank Loan. CS
-Short-Term Bond. GS
-Short Government. HY
-High Yield Bond. MU
-Multisector Bond. NT
-Nontraditional Bond. UB
-Ultrashort Bond. NA
-Not Available. YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
LOS ANGELES — Americans love
their political dynasties: the Bushes,
the Kennedys, the Cuomos. Yet one of
the longest-lasting dynasties of the
modern day tends to be overlooked:
the one begat by Edmund G. Brown,
the governor of California from 1959 to
1967, whose daughter was the state
treasurer and whose son, Jerry, is the
state’s current governor.
Pat Brown, as he was known, is fi-
nally getting his notice in “California
State of Mind: The Legacy of Pat
Brown.” This 86-minute documentary,
being shown on Sunday in the New
York area on WLIW,Channel 21,fo-
cuses on his years as an almost un-
imaginably consequential governor
during a vibrant era of California his-
tory. But perhaps what is most strik-
ing about this documentary is who
made it:his granddaughter Sascha
Ms. Rice, 42, has spent the last sev-
en years engaged in the unenviable
task of writing and directing what she
hopes is a cleareyed, historically hon-
est accounting of her grandfather,
who died in 1996 at 90. The film is part of a small but seem-
ingly growing genre:children and
grandchildren making documentaries
about famous family members,
among them “Ethel,” a documentary
of Ethel Kennedy by her daughter
Rory Kennedy;and “Brothers on the
Line,” about the labor leaders Walter,
Victor and Roy Reuther, by Victor’s
grandson Sasha Reuther. Family
members can bring access and inti-
macy to a project but they are,as Ms.
Rice noted, inevitably tangled up in
questions about the inevitable biases
contained in such works. In the case of “California State of
Mind,” it has also meant navigating
the shoals of the family egos and sen-
sitivities inevitably found in a dynasty
built on politics and competition. Jerry, Ms. Rice’s uncle,had a decid-
edly complicated relationship with his
father. Mr. Brown’s youngest sister,
Kathleen Brown,who is the mother of Governor, as Seen by Granddaughter
Pat Brown, left, and Jerry, his son,
in 1981, in a photograph from the
film “California State of Mind.”
Continued on Page 5
Just as the Brooklyn Nets
open their regular season,
bringing professional
sports to the borough for
the first time in half a centu-
ry, the Brooklyn
Academy of Mu-
sic is concluding
a savvy counter-
This week the
academy’s Harvey Theater,
only blocks from the Bar-
clays Center, played host to
“Jimmy Kimmel Live!” and
its guests David Letterman,
Jon Stewart and Howard
Stern. The academy also
has its own sleek new room
to show off in its recently
opened Fisher Building:
the Fishman Space,a flexi-
ble black box with comfort-
able seats (and spacious
bathrooms!) that offers the
potential for more intimate
programming,like Marc
Bamuthi Joseph’s charming
dance-theater piece “red,
black & GREEN: a blues.”
As the primary narrator
and charismatic center of
this four-person show, Mr.
Joseph tells a moseying
story about working with
neighborhoods in New
York, Houston, Chicago and
Oakland to build a socially
conscious environmental
arts festival that helps peo-
ple of all classes. Performed
here after stops elsewhere,
the show presents a con-
trast, if not a subtle rebuke,
to the nearby development
project, which includes the
Barclays Center.
That project’s developer,
Bruce C. Ratner,has been Making A Fest,
It Green
ZINOMAN Continued on Page 7
red, black & GREEN
a blues
Fishman Space
MEMPHIS —This city, so central to
the emergence of blues, soul and rock ’n’
roll, in recent decades has developed a
new kind of virtuoso dancing: jookin.
Sometime between the 1970s
and 1990s (depending on
whomyou talk to) this dance
idiom grew out of —or up
with —the gangsta walk.It’s
a relative of hip-hop and is
widely performed to rap mu-
sic. Its footwork, especially, is nothing
less than phenomenal. Even around this
city, however, plenty of dancegoers have
never seen it live. And both here and else-
where there are different versions of its
name (which has been confused with
jukin, a Chicago dance genre) and its his-
tory. In the last fewyears Memphis jookin
has acquired international celebrity, prin-
cipally because of the exceptional young
performer Lil Buck (real name,Charles
Riley). An extraordinary YouTube clip of
Lil Buck dancing “The Swan” to the cello
playing of Yo-Yo Ma in April 2011 caused a
sensation. Another virtuoso jookin danc-
er, Ron Myles (Lil Buck’s cousin), was en-
chanting this August at the Vail Interna-
tional Dance Festival, where Lil Buck had
also been the artist in residence. Lil Buck,23, now tours with Madonna
and performed with her at the 2012 Super
Bowl halftime show. On Nov. 11 he and Sa-
lemah Gabriel will teach jookin master
classes at the Alvin Ailey Dance Center in
Last week at the Jackson,
Tenn., I watched some two and a half On Point,in Their Jeans and Sneakers
Montavious Phillips, 16, showing his
moves at a jookin contest at the
NOTEBOOK Continued on Page 5
There are many pleasures to being an
art critic in New York. One,in my view,
is definitely the late Saturday afternoon
crunch in Chelsea, that day’s-end rush
through a last few galleries,seeing
shows and squirreling away
experiences and ideas just
before they all close for the
weekend. I had a great final 60 min-
utes in Chelsea last Saturday
and,consequently,one of the
last looks at what would suddenly be-
come, on Tuesday, the old, pre-Sandy
Chelsea gallery scene. That day, as I
started hearing reports of flooding in the
neighborhood,some of the art I had seen
on Saturday became increasingly vivid
in my mind, as did the weird thought that
I might be one of the last people who
would ever see it.
I had enjoyed Eberhard Havekost’s
show at Anton Kern on West 20th Street,
a don’t-pin-me-down stylistic array that
gave this German painter a sharper, sly-
er edge than he had ever had for me.
There were hard-edge abstractions, di-
aphanous images of sunsets and one
quirky, crusty Expressionist exercise
that seemed laden with enough paint to
make the rest of the show. On West 21st Street, a small new gal-
lery named Guided by Invoices (talk MARCUS YAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
For Galleries, a Test of Tenacity
Top, repair work at the Casey Kaplan Gallery,
which was showing works by the Italian artist
Giorgio Griffa, above,before Hurricane Sandy.
NOTEBOOK Continued on Page 7
Country music is a story-
telling genre, to be sure, but
really it enjoys telling
stories about itself — about
its pillars of tradition, about
its commit-
ment to
family and
personal re-
and God,
about its de-
votion to its stars, keeping
them around as long as
they wish to stay. But,in truth,country is
ruthless, just like every oth-
er genre, and becoming
more so, as was clear from
the 46th edition of the Coun-
try Music Association
Awards, which was broad-
cast live on Thursday night
from the Bridgestone Arena
in Nashville on ABC, a net-
work that has doubled
down on country music
with its sharp and surpris-
ingly nontacky drama
“Nashville.” A streak running through
that show is anxiety about
being aged out of the genre,
and this year’s CMAs —
with their pop arrivistes,
their new gentry and their
almost complete blindness
toward the genre’s past —
would have made for a good
subplot. Sure, there was a tribute
at the end of the night to
Willie Nelson, but it was
tepid and rote. The real po-
sition statement was the
show-opening performance
of “The Only Way I Know,”
by the rising stars Jason
Aldean, Luke Bryan and
Eric Church, who represent
three distinct takes on the
tough country mode that’s
lately been dominant
among male stars. This modern country has
arena ambitions, but also Country
Nudges Its Elders
Miranda Lambert at the
CMA Awards show.
Continued on Page 4
S J 8 3 2
h 9 6
d J 8 4 2
C K 9 8
S 5
h Q J 5 4 3
d 10 9 7 3
C A Q 7
S A Q 9 4
h A 10 7
d —
C J 10 6 5
4 2
S K 10 7 6
h K 8 2
d A K Q 6 5
C 3
Both sides were vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
— Pass 1 C 1 d
1 h 2 d Dbl. 2 S
3 h Pass Pass 4 d
Pass 4 S Dbl. Pass
Pass Pass
West led the ... what?
showed three-card heart support
and any point-count.
South’s four-diamond bid was
too much; he had already de-
scribed his hand. (Three hearts
can be defeated by a trump lead
and careful defense thereafter.)
When North corrected to four
spades, East doubled,because he
thought the contract would fail. It
was not,per se,a lead-directing
double. However, Borker (West)
knew that his partner had to be
very short in diamonds. So he led
the diamond three, his lowest be-
ing a suit-preference signal for
East ruffed and, on the same
wavelength, shifted to a low club.
West won with his ace, then led
the diamond nine for another
Now East defended perfectly,
switching to a low heart. South
put up his king, and West careful-
ly played the queen to show that
he also had the jack.
South chose to continue with a
low trump, so East took his queen
and both major-suit aces for
down three, plus 800.
Note that if East had cashed
his heart ace at Trick 4, declarer
would have won the next heart
with his king, ruffed a heart in
the dummy and played a trump
through East’s ace-queen to es-
cape for down two. After East led
his low heart,and South won with
his king,West —if declarer had
continued with another heart —
would have taken the trick with
his jack and given East a third di-
amond ruff, again resulting in
down three.
When you cannot win a trick
because someone has played a
higher honor than your best,
drop the top of your touching
honors (if you can afford to be so
extravagant, of course).
Michael Kamil of Holmdel,
N.J., and Jay Borker of Green-
wich, Conn., were the most suc-
cessful players at the District 3
Autumn Leaf Regional in Dan-
bury, Conn., played from Oct. 22
to 28. They won two events, once
as partners and once as team-
In the diagramed deal from
their victory in the Friday Open
Pairs, they got 17 match points
out of 17.
After Kamil (East) opened one
club, South should have made a
takeout double, not overcalled
one diamond.
East’s second-round double
Phillip Alder Bridge Flooding Damages Sets
And Costumes for Graham
Most of the sets and costumes
of the Martha Graham Center of
Contemporary Dance, stored in a
West Village basement, were sub-
merged under six feet of water in
Hurricane Sandy flooding, compa-
ny officials said on Friday. The
material included programs and
posters and a number of sets de-
signed by Isamu Noguchi, one of
Graham’s most important collabo-
rators. One Noguchi set, for “Cly-
temnestra,” right, was built by the
artist himself, the company said.
Most of the company’s costumes
were also inundated. The materials were stored in a nearly 4,000-square-foot basement at the Westbeth
artists complex, where the center had moved in July. Other submerged productions were “Cave of the
Heart,” “Embattled Garden” and “Errand into the Maze.” LaRue Allen, the Graham center’s executive director, said that water was almost completely pumped
out on Friday and the extent of damage was still to be determined. “I’m afraid we’re probably going to
have to recreate a lot of stuff,” she said. On the plus side, the sets for “Appalachian Spring,” one of the most
famous Graham works, and “Chronicle” were still in College Station, Tex., where the company had recent-
ly performed. Valuable video and film had also been removed for archiving. Ms. Allen said that the compa-
ny took precautions before the storm by moving material onto pallets, anticipating no more than two feet
of water. “In retrospect, that was amusing,” she said.
Carnegie Hall Scrambles
To Reschedule Concerts
Carnegie Hall, above, plunged
into suspended animation be-
cause of the threat posed by the
building crane across the street
that was left dangling by Hurri-
cane Sandy, is struggling to ac-
commodate singers, pianists and
string players whose dates have
been canceled this weekend.
Among changes it announced
late on Thursday: the King’s
Singers concert scheduled for
Friday was moved to Feb. 18;
Murray Perahia’s piano recital
was moved from Friday to Sun-
day at Avery Fisher Hall; the
Belcea Quartet performance on
Saturday moves to Tuesday, but
only if authorities reopen 57th
Street, which was closed because
of the crane; a performance by
Opera Lafayette of “L’Invitation
au Voyage” on Friday in Weill Re-
cital Hall will take place at the
Colony Club; Monday’s Oratorio
Society of New York performance
will take place some time in early
2013. The city has said that work
could begin this weekend to se-
cure the damaged crane, eventu-
ally allowing nearby streets to re-
Britain’s Mercury Prize
Is Awarded to Alt-J
This year’s Barclaycard Mer-
cury Prize went to the indie-pop
quartet Alt-J, whose debut album
“An Awesome Wave” (Infectious
Music) won praise from critics
for the idiosyncratic structure of
its songs, the BBC reported. The
band won out
on Thursday
for the prize,
which is worth
£20,000 (about
$32,000), over
several more
them the rap-
per Plan B;the band Django
Django;the retro-soul singer Jes-
sie Ware,above;and the singer-
songwriter Richard Hawley. Oth-
ers nominees included Michael
Kiwanuka, Ben Howard and
Lianne La Havas. The Mercury Prize was estab-
lished in 1992 to honor the best al-
bum each year by a British or
Irish band. It often goes to eclec-
tic and obscure groups. Alt-J —
named after a computer key-
board command — was formed
by four students at the Universi-
ty of Leeds in 2007. Among the
popular tracks from the album
are “Breezeblocks” and “Fitz-
pleasure.” JAMES C.McKINLEY Jr.
Lawsuit Against Spears Is Tossed Out
A Los Angeles judge has
thrown out a lawsuit against the
pop star Britney Spears, ruling
there was a lack of evidence that
her one-time confidant and self-
styled manager had been
wronged, Reuters reported. “I
really thought long and hard,” the
judge in Los Angeles Superior
Court, Suzanne Bruguera, said on
Thursday, after hearing two
weeks of evidence in the civil
trial. “It’s the right thing to do, so
I am going to do it.” The lawsuit
was brought by Sam Lufti, a
friend of Ms. Spears who con-
tended that the singer had hired
him as her manager in 2007 and
early 2008. Mr. Lufti, 38, main-
tained in the suit that Ms. Spears,
left, owed him
part of her
earnings. He
also said he had
been defamed
by the singer’s
mother, Lynne
Spears, in a
2008 book,
“Through the
Storm.” Lynne Spears wrote that
Mr. Lufti tried to control her
daughter and cut her off from her
family. In addition to the defama-
tion charge, Mr. Lufti also
claimed in the suit that he had
been physically assaulted by Ms.
Spears’s father, Jamie Spears, in
2008 while the singer was in a Los
Angeles psychiatric ward. Judge
Bruguera dismissed all these
claims on Thursday, saying that
the evidence was too slim to sup-
port them. On the witness stand,
Mr. Lufti broke down in tears and
said he had done his best to wean
the singer off drugs, even hiring a
drug-sniffing dog to find a stash
of illicit narcotics, which he said
he had flushed down the toilet.
Mr. Lufti vowed to appeal the rul-
HBO Adds a Comedy
From an ‘Office’ Creator
Sometimes even the members
of accomplished comedy teams
need to get up and stretch their
legs a bit, and in the case of Ste-
phen Merchant, those are some
very long legs to stretch. Mr.
Merchant, the 6-foot-7 comedian
who with Ricky Gervais created
the original British incarnation of
“The Office,” and with him creat-
ed and starred in HBO’s “Ex-
tras,” “Life’s Too Short” and “The
Ricky Gervais Show,” will be
stepping out in his own HBO se-
ries, that cable network said. The
new series, called “Hello Ladies,”
will star Mr. Merchant, above, as
a character named Stephen, de-
scribed by HBO in an e-mail as
“a gawky Englishman searching
for the woman of his dreams in
Los Angeles.” The network said
it has ordered eight episodes of
the series, for which Mr. Mer-
chant directed the pilot, and
which he wrote with Lee Eisen-
berg and Gene Stupnitsky
(whose credits include NBC’s
American version of “The Office”
and films like “Bad Teacher”). The unlucky love life of Mr.
Merchant, who has also been fea-
tured in comedy films like “Hall
Pass,” tends to be a recurring
theme of his humor; as he re-
cently wrote on Twitter: “Atti-
tude from Siri when I canceled
writing a text. She said ‘Ok, for-
get it then!’ Now failing to charm
virtual women as well as real
New Jersey Orchestra
To Provide Free Tickets
The New Jersey Symphony Or-
chestra, in one of the states most
devastated by Hurricane Sandy,
said it would provide free tickets
to performances of an all-Mozart
program this weekend. The con-
certs will take place on Saturday
at 8 p.m. at the State Theater in
New Brunswick and on Sunday
at 3 p.m. at the New Jersey Per-
forming Arts Center in Newark.
Tickets will be available first
come first served two hours be-
fore the performances. The or-
chestra said it wanted to help
those “who need to escape from
life’s current challenges.” DANIEL J.WAKIN
Arts, Briefly
The Sweet Spot In this week’s
video, David Carr and A.O. Scott
discuss political theater, compar-
ing “the pageant of democracy ...
to a buddy movie”:
Much of Lower Manhattan re-
mained without power on Thurs-
day evening, but the show went
on at Avery Fisher Hall.Only a
changed program and a larger
number of empty
seats than normal
indicated that the
New York Philhar-
monic’s concert,
conducted by
Charles Dutoit,
was taking place in unusual cir-
The pianist Nikolai Lugansky
had been scheduled to make his
Philharmonic debut in Rachmani-
noff’s Rhapsody on a Theme of
Paganini. But because of limited
rehearsal time, the Philharmonic
instead offered Rachmaninoff’s
Piano Concerto No. 3, which Mr.
Dutoit and Mr. Lugansky per-
formed last month with the Bos-
ton Symphony Orchestra, having
also presented it in recent sea-
sons with the Philadelphia Or-
chestra and the Chicago Sympho-
ny Orchestra. Despite these various collabo-
rations, it didn’t seemhere that
conductor and soloist had a uni-
fied vision of the piece.The per-
formance was marred by a few in-
consistencies of tempo and bal-
But Mr. Lugansky, who often
performs and records Rachmani-
noff, found an ideal balance be-
tween poetry and passion in his
superb interpretation. The Third
Concerto is considered by some
the pinnacle of pianistic difficulty,
but those difficulties certainly
didn’t faze Mr. Lugansky.
“It is a legend that it is the most
difficult, but it isn’t so difficult if
you know the music,” he said in a
recent interviewwith Boston
Classical Review. The Second
Concerto, he added,is “some-
times more difficult.”
He easily conquered the techni-
cal challenges, although any num-
ber of virtuosos these days can
also do that. But amid the whirl-
wind of impeccably delivered
notes and finger-blurring chords,
Mr. Lugansky emphasized the
lyrical, poetic aspects of the piece
in a spontaneous performance
that was enhanced by an appro-
priately full-blooded and impres-
sively powerful sound.
Mr. Dutoit had initially been
scheduled to open the program
with Debussy’s Symphonic Frag-
ments From “The Martyrdom of
St. Sebastian” but instead offered
a less complicated piece as a cur-
tain raiser: Glinka’s Overture to
“Ruslan and Ludmila,” given a vi-
brant, polished reading. As scheduled, the program end-
ed with Elgar’s “Enigma” Varia-
tions,the work that brought that
composer international acclaim.
Mr. Dutoit led a characterful in-
terpretation that illuminated the
intricacies of these miniature por-
traits of the composer’s family
and friends. The Hurricane Shakes Up a Debut
New York Philharmonic
Charles Dutoit conducting at Avery Fisher Hall in a storm-altered program.
SCHWEITZER The program is repeated on Sat-
urday evening at Avery Fisher
Hall, Lincoln Center; (212) 875-
Last Saturday, in one of the
highlights of this or any concert
season, the pianist Andras Schiff
gave a magnificent performance
of Bach’s “Well-Tempered Cla-
vier,” Book 1, at the
92nd Street Y. That
Mr. Schiff, 58, has
studied, played
and inhabited this
music for about a
half-century came
through in his probing and vi-
brant performances of the 24
preludes and fugues, in every
major and minor key.
On Thursday, just five days lat-
er, Mr. Schiff was back at the
92nd Street Y to perform Book 2,
in another exhilarating perform-
ance. Book 2 of “The Well-Tem-
pered Clavier” is, over all, even
harder and definitely longer.
(Not counting the intermissions,
Mr. Schiff’s account of Book 1
took just under two hours; Book
2 was about 2 hours 20 minutes.) Bach’s contrapuntal writing is
more intricate and experimental
in the later collection. Many of
the fugue subjects, like the halt-
ing, fragmented one of the Fugue
in F sharp minor, are quirky,
clipped and strange. It is as if
Bach had intentionally set him-
self the challenge of developing
elaborate fugues from unwieldy
Though New York was still
reeling from Hurricane Sandy,
the 900-seat auditorium at the
92nd Street Y was nearly filled.
Listening to Mr. Schiff perform-
ing Bach so beautifully, I thought
about what an out-of-body expe-
rience it would have been for
Bach to attend these concerts. Hearing his preludes and
fugues, which were written for
the harpsichord, played on the
piano would have been the least
of it. Though he was critical of
early fortepianos, he had positive
things to say about an instru-
ment he tried on a visit to Berlin
in 1747, three years before he
died. Besides, no keyboard
works are more all-purpose and
reduced to the essentials of mu-
sic than Bach’s preludes and
fugues. But what would have stunned
him would be the sight of all
those people sitting in an audito-
rium listening to “The Well-Tem-
pered Clavier” being performed.
Though many of these pieces are
dazzling, even charming, this is
formidably complex music. Bach
thought of “The Well-Tempered
Clavier” as a kind of treatise, the
ultimate demonstration of the
workings of counterpoint, as well
as an exploration, almost a mani-
festo, on behalf of a system of
tuning that made it possible to
explore the chromatic nooks and
crannies of all the major and mi-
nor keys. Most of all, Bach would have
been flabbergasted that Mr.
Schiff had played the complete 48
preludes and fugues from memo-
ry. The very idea would never
have occurred to Bach. In his day
there was composed music,
which was performed from print-
ed scores, or there was impro-
vised music. My guess is that
Bach would have found it easier
to improvise a new prelude and
fugue in A flat than to play this
intricate work from memory. There was much talk during
intermission about Mr. Schiff’s
feat of memory, which was awe-
some. Still, there are different
kinds of talent and genius. That
Mr. Schiff played this music from
memory so comfortably is what
can happen after decades of
study and immersion. But it also suggested that the
wiring of Mr. Schiff’s brain was
suited to Bach’s highly contra-
puntal style. I would have been
just as impressed by Mr. Schiff’s
brilliant playing had he per-
formed the “Well-Tempered Cla-
vier” using the printed scores. I still feel, as I did after hear-
ing Mr. Schiff play Book 1, that he
may go too far in his resolve to
perform these works on the pi-
ano without using the sustaining
pedal at all. He made a strong
case for his choice in a recent in-
terviewin The New York Times,
yet now and then, just a touch of
pedal would have lent the sound
some lingering richness and
hazy colorings, as in the tender
Prelude in G from Book 2.Still,
Mr. Schiff brought fresh, prickly
clarity and rhythmic vitality to
that prelude. Over all, he has found a way to
make his no-pedal approach
work. I would not be surprised,
though, if in future years he re-
thought this issue. For now, those who were not at
the 92nd Street Y have Mr.
Schiff’s new ECM recording of
“The Well-Tempered Clavier” to
savor. And in April Mr. Schiff’s
Bach Project continues in New
York when he plays the complete
French and English Suites at Al-
ice Tully Hall and two concertos
with the New York Philharmonic
at Avery Fisher Hall. All, of
course, from memory. Completing a Bach Marathon That Would Probably Have Amazed Even Bach
Andras Schiff
performing Bach’s “Well-Tempered Clavier,” Book 2, at
the 92nd Street Y, five days after playing the complete Book 1.
REVIEW In two concerts, 48
preludes and fugues,
from memory. C4
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Mr. Harris is a more effective
and vigorous but less thoughtful
producer on this album than he
was two albums ago. At various
points here, he’s using bits of
trance and big beat and progres-
sive house and other king-size
dance genres of the last 15 years,
cues to fans who primarily en-
gage with him from a dance floor. But for the most part, this is
style-agnostic club music, be-
holden more to a structural blue-
print than to a particular set of
finishes. Songs begin slowly,
build during the first verse, ex-
plode at the chorus, dip again, re-
explode, dally at the bridge for a
while, then ebb. His instrumenta-
tion varies, but his shape does
not. There’s little room to experi-
ence your own response, so heav-
ily is the emotional arc dictated.
If that makes Mr. Harris sound
rigid,bordering on anonymous,
well, these are not inventive
tracks. He has a rule book, just
like many other pop musicians. But while he doesn’t go out of
his way to accommodate differ-
ent sorts of singers, he has an ear
for editing singers so they don’t
sound out of place with his pro-
ductions; he makes them come to
him. That means that vocalists as
varied as the icy Rihanna and the
thin-and-sinuous-voiced Ellie
Goulding (on “I Need Your
Love”) and the booming Flor-
ence Welch of Florence and the
Machine (on “Sweet Nothing”)
all sound at home here, which
means that this album, even if it’s
repetitive, is still a success.
That contemporary dance mu-
sic has no place in American pop
is a fiction that needs exploding.
Who’s in charge: the person
out in front or the person behind
the boards? This is an eternal
pop music question with no firm
answer. Rock and country largely
don’t pretend that
producers could
be on equal foot-
ing with their
stars, while hip-
hop is more bal-
anced, with pro-
ducers having become a new
class of celebrity.
Dance music has its own an-
swer: the people who make the
music, and often D.J. it live, are
the ones who are best known,
while the singers are often anon-
ymous, or at least widely ac-
knowledged second bananas.
But lately the stars of dance
music have been giving up a bit
of that advantage, in pursuit of
something more elusive: Ameri-
can pop success. Artists like Da-
vid Guetta and Calvin Harris,
who are producers, D.J.’s and
songwriters, have used high-pro-
file collaborations with well-
known singers to that end. It’s a
sort of Faustian bargain, a rejec-
tion of their core principles while
offering no guarantee that they’ll
retain their dominance once
they’ve crossed to the other side. Mr. Harris has just released his
third album, “18 Months” (Roc
Nation/Ultra/Columbia), but his
first as a bona fide pop contender
in this country, after years of Eu-
ropean stardom. It comes on the
heels of the huge success of the
single “We Found Love,” his col-
laboration with Rihanna that’s a
staple of pop radio and is on his
new album.
An amusing thing to do is to re-
visit pop hits of 5 or 10 or 15 years
ago and track down the remixes
of them commissioned by their
record labels — Kelly Clarkson’s
“Since U Been Gone (Jason Nev-
ins Ambient (Candlelight Mix))”
or the entire career of Hex Hec-
tor, anyone? — or the ones made
by house and techno producers
without explicit artist approval.
The recent dance music explo-
sion is just scaling up that rela-
An album of this nature has no
real precedent except perhaps
producer-driven hip-hop albums
(like “Timbaland Presents Shock
Value” and “The Neptunes
Present ... Clones”), or,more re-
cently, albums by DJ Drama or
DJ Khaled, who are influential
enough to get major stars to
show up on their projects, some-
times with songs that best the
ones on the stars’ own releases.
And while this is Mr. Harris’s al-
bum, it’s more just a collection of
stand-alone songs that he had a
hand in than something more co-
hesive,like a typical mix album
released by a producer-D.J. But
again, in this, Mr. Harris is no dif-
ferent frommost pop stars. In a couple of places on “18
Months,” Mr. Harris does the
singing, as on the sauntering
“Feel So Close,” which has a qui-
etness much of the rest of the al-
bum lacks. Maybe he’s preparing
to outsource the vocals back to a
more reliable and more reason-
ably priced and less attention-
hogging collaborator: himself. Or
maybe he just knows where the
real spotlight is.
With the album “18 Months,” the D.J. Calvin Harris is going after bona fide pop stardom. A D.J. Seeks a New Spotlight in Pop
NOTEBOOK an agonized relationship with
pop, as seen in its pinched-nose
embrace of Taylor Swift, its big-
gest star,whether or not she’s a
genre faithful. But country, as seen through
the CMAs, is relenting a bit: not
to Ms. Swift, who has won the top
prize twice before but who was
shut out this year, but to Blake
Shelton, who has increased his
profile, and that of his genre, ex-
ponentially as one of the judge-
mentors on “The Voice,” the NBC
reality competition. “Country radio, thank you for
not forgetting about me,” he said
when accepting the award for
male vocalist of the year, a prize
he has won three years in a row.
“I know I have a side job.” Mr. Shelton also won the
night’s top prize, entertainer of
the year, for the first time. He and
his wife, Miranda Lambert, after
working their way in from the
fringes, have become establish-
ment figures. She won female vo-
calist of the year, also for the
third year running, and had the
night’s best performance, with
“Fastest Girl in Town.” What’s more, they shared the
award for song of the year, a
songwriter’s prize, for “Over
You,” written about Mr. Shelton’s
brother, who died in a car acci-
dent, and performed by Ms. Lam-
bert. The CMAs all but dispense
with awards — there are 12 in to-
tal, only 9 of which are given out
on television — to focus on per-
formances. The best of these
showed a creeping roots-minded
traditionalism.(The CMAs might
be just a couple of years away
from offering Mumford & Sons a
performance slot.) Zac Brown
Band’s “Goodbye in Her Eyes”
was ornate and moving, if over-
long, and the Band Perry’s “Bet-
ter Dig Two” was dangerously
impressive, a morbid, furious
stomp that showcased the front-
woman Kimberly Perry’s dark
ideas and rich voice. Ms. Swift performed as well —
“Begin Again,” a lightweight
song from her new album — but
she wasn’t the least faithful to
country tradition by a long shot.
See also the toothless Hunter
Hayes, who performed “Wanted”
behind a piano and won new art-
ist of the year, and Carrie Under-
wood’s “Blown Away,” a giant,
dull beast of a song that suggest-
ed Meat Loaf more than any
country singer. Ms. Underwood has a gargan-
tuan voice, one that calls atten-
tion to itself. So does Kelly Clark-
son — like Ms. Underwood, a for-
mer winner of “American Idol” —
which might explain why in her
performance of “Don’t Rush,” a
new song, she sang at about 20
percent of capacity, in a style that
suggested she’d been listening to
the late-1970s Crystal Gayle soft-
country oeuvre. Ms. Clarkson was one of the
few performers to engage in out-
right nostalgia. Mostly the past,
as seen through an earlier gener-
ation of stars who performed,
looked cloudy and best left be-
hind. Tim McGraw had a dolor-
ous rendition of “One of Those
Nights,” and the take of his wife,
Faith Hill, on “American Heart”
was flavorless and unsteady.
These songs were the residue of
the country balladry of the 1990s
and early 2000s, a style that
couldn’t be less au courant. Instead, upstarts took the spot-
light. Thompson Square, an ami-
able husband-wife pair, won vo-
cal duo of the year, an award that
Sugarland won the previous five
years straight. And Mr. Church
won album of the year for
“Chief,” an outlaw-esque record
best known for a song called
“Springsteen.” Country music also likes to fan-
cy itself as mischievous, and the
success of Little Big Town’s “Pon-
toon,” which has an extremely
benign sexual double entendre in
the chorus, and which won single
of the year, provided plenty of
joke fodder, probably too much.
(Little Big Town also won vocal
group of the year.) Mr. Shelton and Ms. Lambert
like to tweak the rule makers too,
happily using “freaking” to modi-
fy adjectives and verbs in their
acceptance speeches. Even Brad
Paisley, who, with Ms. Under-
wood, hosted the show for the
fifth year in a row, took a genial
swipe at the hegemony of coun-
try radio. Mr. Paisley has become one of
country’s most fascinating fig-
ures: a progressive hiding in
plain sight. As a host, he’s appeal-
ingly dry and very quick, easy to
enjoy with or without a wink. He
can always do stand-up in Bran-
son, Mo., should the country es-
tablishment catch on to his sub-
version and punish him for it. As a tribute to Hurricane
Sandy victims, he wove a few
bars of Jay-Z and Alicia Keys’s
“Empire State of Mind” into the
beginning of his performance of
“Southern Comfort Zone,” a song
that flips country’s reliance on
regional pride into advocacy of
travel and broad-mindedness.
Mr. Paisley also tells a story
about country music. You just
have to read between the lines. WADE PAYNE/INVISION, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
The co-host Brad Paisley, above, and the Band Perry, below, were among the new-generation performers at the 46th Annual
Country Music Association Awards in Nashville on Thursday. The show offered little in the way of country’s typical nostalgia.
Country Music Awards Nudge the Elders Away
From First Arts Page
Ms. Rice (and of Hilary Armstrong, who
served as executive producer and chief
fund-raiser on the film) was the state
treasurer before losing an acrimonious
race for governor to Pete Wilson, a Re-
publican, in 1994. That loss ended Ms.
Brown’s career in politics, an unpleas-
ant chapter in the legacy, which,Ms.
Rice said,family members asked to be
glossed over. It was not.
“To be the granddaughter of, the
niece of, the daughter of, that’s a lot of
people to answer to,” Ms. Rice said over
coffee at an outdoor cafe in the Silver
Lake section of Los Angeles, near her
home. “I’m very independent and was
not planning on bending to anybody.”
“California State of Mind” is as much
a tribute to one of this state’s governors
as it is the repaying of a family debt. Pat
Brown told Ms. Rice that she should run
for public office, a career path that Ms.
Rice said held no appeal to her. “Making
this film was a way to make peace with
the legacy,” she said.“My grandfather
definitely wanted me to go into public
She paused. “What I found out later,
when I made the film,was he encour-
aged everybody” to go into public life.
“Not just me.”
In many ways the documentary is
about Ms. Rice’s frustration with the
seeming inability of government to get
things done. Jerry Brown said in an in-
terview that he had advised Ms. Rice to
make the documentary topical by relat-
ing it to what is going on today.
“I wanted to emphasize that you have
to situate Pat Brown in the period, and
what does that tell us,” Mr. Brown said.
“What can we learn from this?”
The film argues not only that govern-
ment should play an active role in the
civic life,but also that it could be ef-
“There are a lot of people who don’t
agree with that,” she said. “A lot of peo-
ple say:‘That was the golden era. Noth-
ing could happen like this today.’ But I
The accomplishments of Pat Brown, a
Democrat, including the expansion of
the state’s freeway network and the be-
ginnings of a large water project, stand
in contrast to the frustration that Jerry
Brown has experienced in his encore
engagement in Sacramento, after first
serving from 1975 to 1983. “He was so ef-
fective,” Ms. Rice said of Pat Brown.
“He got so much done. I honestly didn’t
know as much about his legacy when I
started the film.”
Pat Brown had it simpler. He never
faced the profoundly polarized legisla-
ture that has son has had to deal with,
and did not have to maneuver around a
constitutional requirement that any tax
increase win the support of two-thirds of
the legislature.
“It was a time when people were more
optimistic,” Mr. Brown said of the older
era. But as the documentary makes
clear, it was not an easier time. Pat was
governor during the Watts Riots in Los
Angeles — some of the most riveting
footage Ms. Rice discovered included
the governor touring the area with the
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.This
was the era of free-speech demonstra-
tions in Berkeley and Cesar Chavez.
Pat’s chief water bill passed by a single
vote. He lost a bid for a third term to
Ronald Reagan.
Ms. Rice places herself in the film,
though modestly,whirling her way
through reels of microfiche as she re-
searches the history of her family. “I am
shy,” she said. “I couldn’t figure out
what my place was in the film.I didn’t
want to demean his legacy.” She is the
narrator for a good portion of it, though
much of the story is told in her grandfa-
ther’s voice, taken from an oral history
he recorded accompanying footage from
the time. The documentary features interviews
with Arnold Schwarzenegger, a Repub-
lican and former governor who was un-
sparing in his praise of Pata Brown.Two
other former governors, Mr. Wilson and
Gray Davis, are also included.Warren
M. Christopher, a Californian and a for-
mer Secretary of State; Nancy Pelosi,
the House minority leader;and Senator
Dianne Feinstein of California, appear
as well.
“It may seem that because we are the
Brown family that it was easy to land
these high-profile interviews, but actu-
ally it took a lot of work,” Ms. Rice said.
The main objection to the film from
some of her relatives was the recounting
of Kathleen Brown’s loss. “There was
really a moment there where I had to
kind of lay my body on the tracks for the
film I wanted to make,” she said.
And Jerry Brown’s reaction to his
niece’s work? “I knew most of the
things that were in it,” he said placidly,
in a remark that suggested what life
around the Brown dining room table
must have been like. “I was around for
all that.”
Ms. Rice said this film was her own
version of political activism, one that
she thought would have pleased her
grandfather.But that’s it.Ms. Rice’s last
film was “Mango Kiss,” a love story
about two lesbian friends. From here,
Ms. Rice said, she’s going back to fiction. Governor, as Seen by Granddaughter:Pat Brown’s Legacy in California
From First Arts Page
Top, Pat Brown in 1965 at the scene
of the Watts riots. Above, Brown
with President John F. Kennedy in
1963. Right, Sascha Rice, Pat
Brown’s granddaughter, who
directed “California State of Mind:
The Legacy of Pat Brown.”
hours of a jookin “battle” to get a better
sense of this movement style.The four
sides of the room were lined, when I
counted, with 90 people. (Some jookin
events are three times as large.) Ama-
jority was black; 30 were women. Sev-
eral children were present; at the age
of 57 I was surely the oldest person in
the room. Almost always the central dance
space was occupied, usually by a single
dancer at a time. A solo would generally
last a minute or two, often with four or
more moves occurring every second.
Maybe 40 of the men danced, some sev-
eral times; some boys and women also
performed. The music was all rap, with
lyrics largely unprintable here. Often dancers just took to the floor to
perform solos: though these solos were
improvised, it was obvious that these
dancers practice a lot. At several mo-
ments a dancer would stand, ready; the
D.J.would call on him and one other
person (from the opposing “team,”
though no formal sides were drawn up)
to perform. In one of these duel-like “battles”
Dancer A crossed the space and mimed
a challenge (sometimes called a
“bump”) to the other —the gestures
would look like blows or thrusts of defi-
ance —while dancing. Dancer B would
stand, often unresponsive, though often
his head would be moving to the beat.
When it was his turn, Dancer A would
stand still the same way. Usually there
were two rounds.
The mood of these dance combats
seemed full of surface aggression,but
what also emerged was intense mutual
respect,good humor and keen atten-
tion. Usually, when a duel ended, most
people in the room would applaud. In
one sequence four men stood like a
wall, playing their challenge dances,
solo by solo, against a rival quartet. I describe all this as a complete out-
sider. I’ve seen far too little jookin to de-
fine its nature, or even fully to explain
central ingredients like the “buck,”
“choppin” and the “pop.” To any ob-
server the most evidently sensational
feature of jookin is the extensive use of
what a ballet observer is bound to call
pointwork: the men, in sneakers, go
onto tiptoe. This isn’t ubiquitous,however. In one
duel the second dancer moved his feet
fast but largely kept heels on the
ground; to my eye he was the finer of
the two, because of the pulsating rich-
ness of his upper-body movement. But
many of the men not only rose onto
point but also hopped, turned, ran and
balanced on point. Ballet people would
label some of the steps I saw as tacque-
té runs on both points, ballonné hops on
point, pirouettes starting from fourth
position on point, and balances on point
with changes of body position.
Many kinds of footwork and legwork
proliferate, some of them far from bal-
let. Sometimes a dancer would turn and
turn by successively twining each leg,
bent at the knee,round the other.Flat
feet would turn in and out in rapid alter-
nation. There are astonishing (and
surely perilous) ankle bends; startling
knee bends; and a few dancers, using
extreme turnout, would step on the in-
ner sides of their feet. Much of the verve of jookin, however,
comes from the upper body. Frequently
a current of isolated impulses passes in
sequence down a dancer’s arm: you see
each component —the wrist, the fore-
arm, the elbow, each shoulder —but
you see also the snakelike rippling flu-
ency that turns these staccato effects
into a legato current. Sometimes upper
and lower body move at the same time,
sometimes with seeming independ-
ence; at other times a phrase jumps
from lower to upper,or vice versa.
Often the dancer keeps his eyes on the
floor and his head fixed, although eye
contact is certainly maintained in sev-
eral parts of some challenges. The speed of the movement is as-
tounding; stillness, repose and relax-
ation play no real part here. There are
dance jokes. One challenger began (I
was told) by copying his rival’s signa-
ture steps; another suddenly threw his
hands on his hips,midphrase, as if in
nonchalance; and the mime gestures of
defiance are impudent in their bravado
and pretense of contempt. Some mime actions draw attention to
individual words in the lyrics.(The
word “long” prompted one man to draw
out his arms like a length of string.)
Many moves drew attention to the mu-
sic’s percussion effects, as when occa-
sional metallic explosions were an-
swered by casual gestures of gunfire. To this outsider the evening came as
a revelation. It showed the world from
which Lil Buck and Mr.Myles come;
and it abounded in wit, rhythmand
imagination.Perhaps the most remark-
able feature was that there wasn’t a dull
dancer all evening; every solo was
touchingly personal, motivated, musi-
cally responsive, intense and fresh. I was entranced by everything and
ardently hope to see more.Underneath
all the bluff intensity the temper of the
evening kept growing bubblier, happier,
Maceo Transor, 17, left, and Javion Brooks, 20, at the jookin competition in Jackson, Tenn.The dance style has gained international notice in recent years.
On Point,in Their Jeans and Sneakers, the Stars of Jookin Take Wing
From First Arts Page
Steps that ballet people
would label as pirouettes
or ballonné hops.
in memory of Studio 54,whose base-
ment is the club’s home. She closed
with an excerpt from Donna Summer’s
“Last Dance.” In between, she deliv-
ered Broadway and movie songs with a
whopping authority. In her nightclub appearances over
the past decade, Ms. Errico, who is 42
but looks 20 years younger, has tried,
with mixed success, to branch out from
the formality of theatrical belting into
more intimate soft-rock territory. Guid-
ed by Ms. Streisand’s concert director
Richard Jay-Alexander, Ms. Errico has
returned to the grand tradition in which
she is most comfortable. A trio led by John Oddo on piano, and
featuring David Finck on bass and Jim
Saporito on drums,helped loosen up “I
Dreamed a Dream” and “How Do You
Keep the Music Playing?” with subtle
Brazilian inflections. The most vocally
spectacular performance was a rendi-
tion of the little-known Rupert Holmes
song “Moonfall,” from “The Mystery of
Edwin Drood,” a revival of which is
playing in Studio 54. In the most dra-
matically pointed moment, she gave
“One Hallowe’en,” Eve Harrington’s de-
fiant anthem from “Applause,” the 1970
show based on “All About Eve,” a scary
edge of demonic ferocity.
Among the stories Ms. Errico told,
the funniest involved her discovery that
the “studio cast recording” of the flop
Broadway show “Dracula, the Musi-
cal,” in which she starred, featured
singers who were not in the original
production. “The Heart Is Slow to
Learn,” a plodding, formulaic ballad
from that show, suggested why it had
such a short life. The soprano Melissa Errico sum-
moned her inner Barbra Streisand at 54
Below on Thursday evening in a show
that focused on her power to carry a
sumptuous Broadway ballad
to the moon and back. Her
high-strung voice, which she
peeled away in layers, and
her blinding glamour are her
greatest strengths. Trotting onto the stage in
a sequined black mini-dress, six-inch
heels and fishnet stockings, she opened
the show with a fragment of the Alicia
Bridges disco hit “I Love the Nightlife,”
Songs From Stage and Screen, and a Bit of Disco
Melissa Errico
during her cabaret show at 54 Below on Thursday evening. Melissa Errico performs through Satur-
day at 54 Below, 254 West 54th Street,
Manhattan; (646) 476-3551, STEPHEN
Television highlights for a full week, recent
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Medicine Man (1992). Sean Connery, Lorraine Bracco. Anti-cancer serum discovery. Glib and heavy on the wisecracks. (PG-13) (CC)
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Treme “Careless Love.” Antoine tries to get help for Jennifer. (HD)
The Newsroom “The Blackout Part II: Mock Debate.” (HD) (Part 2 of 2)
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Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011). James Franco. Experiment results in superintelligent chimp. Smart dumb fun. (PG-13) (CC) (7:15)
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Hunted “Hourglass.” (CC) (HD) (MA) (11:40)
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The Help (2011). Viola Davis, Emma Stone. Black maids in 1960s Mississippi. Honey-
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Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence Investigators
Deadly Women “Sacrifice Their Blood.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Deadly Women “Love You to Pieces.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Motives & Murders “In Harm’s Way.” (N) (CC) (HD)
Deadly Affairs “Predator or Prey.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Deadly Women “Love You to Pieces.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Motives & Mur-
ders (CC) (HD)
Kung Pow: Enter the Fist (2002). Steve Oedekerk. (PG-13) (HD) (6:15)
Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979). William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy. Crew of Enterprise seek intelligent alien entity. The first, and pretty lifeless. (G) (HD)
Ali G Indahouse (2002). Sacha Baron Cohen. Gangster becomes member of Parliament to prevent building closure. (R) (HD) (10:45)
Blue-Eyed Butcher (2012, TVF). Lisa Edelstein. (CC) (HD) (6)
The Eleventh Victim (2012, TVF). Jennie Garth, Colin Cunningham. Killer targets therapist’s patients. (CC) (HD)
The Pastor’s Wife (2011, TVF). Rose McGowan, Michael Shanks. Woman faces accusations of murdering husband. (CC) (HD)
The Eleventh Victim (CC) (HD)
. Losing Isaiah (1995). Jessica Lange, Halle Berry. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
Army Wives “Line of Departure.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Army Wives “Command Presence.” Claudia Joy is offered a job. (HD)
Army Wives “Movement to Con-
tact.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Army Wives “On Behalf of a Grate-
ful Nation.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Army Wives (CC) (HD) (PG)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Untucked: All Stars (14)
RuPaul’s All Stars Drag Race “RuPaul’s Gaff-In.” (14)
Untucked: All Stars (14)
Bewitched (G) Bewitched (G) Bewitched “Dar-
rin the Warlock.”
Bewitched (G) Bewitched (G) Bewitched (G) Bewitched (G)
. Sergeant York (1941). (CC) (5)
. In the Line of Fire (1993). Clint Eastwood, John Malkovich. (R) (CC)
. In the Line of Fire (1993). Clint Eastwood. (R) (CC)
M.L.B. Network Countdown Baseball Arizona Fall League: Rising Stars Game.M.L.B. Network Countdown Countdown
MSG Celebrity Countdown in 60 MSG Vault The Essential Games: Rangers 2011-12 From April 16.The Best of Boomer & Carton Essential Gam
College Football Stanford vs. Colorado. (HD) Boxing Golden Boy: Fernando Guerrero vs. J.C. Candelo. (HD) Aqueduct in 30
Martin Bashir (N) (HD) The Ed Show (N) (HD) The Daily Rundown (HD) Martin Bashir (HD) The Ed Show (HD) Daily Rundown
Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Ridiculousness Jersey Shore “Merp Walk.” (CC) Jersey Shore
Breeders’ Cup Show (3:30) M.L.S. Eastern Conference semifinals, Leg 1, New York Red Bulls vs. D.C. United. (HD) World Series of Fighting 1 From Las Vegas. (HD)
Last Days of bin Laden Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Doomsday Preppers Bugged Out Alaska State Troopers (HD) (14) Alaska-Trooper
SpongeBob SpongeBob iCarly (N) (HD) Big Time Rush How to Rock (N) iCarly (CC) (HD)
> The Nanny
> The Nanny
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
Fresh Beat Go, Diego, Go!Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer Dora Explorer NickMom, Out NickMom, Out NickMom, Out Carol Brady NickMom, Out
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
. The Bridges of Madison County Jane Eyre (1997, TVF). Samantha Morton, Ciaran Hinds. (CC) Hello Dolly (1969). Barbra Streisand, Walter Matthau. (G) (CC) (HD)
Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (N) (HD) Iyanla, Fix My Life (N) (HD) (PG) Welcome to Sweetie Pie’s (HD) Fix My Life
Definitely, Maybe (2008). (CC) (5:30)
. Juno (2007). Ellen Page, Michael Cera. (PG-13) (CC)
. Juno (2007). Ellen Page, Michael Cera. (PG-13) (CC) Just Friends
How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made How It’s Made
Concorde: Flying Supersonic (HD) Aerial America “Oregon.” (HD) (G) Carrier at War: The USS Making the Monkees (CC) (HD) Aerial America “Oregon.” (HD) (G) Carrier at War
Jets Nation College Football Syracuse vs. Cincinnati. (CC) (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
SPEED Center On the Edge World of Outlaws “Charlotte.” From Charlotte, North Carolina. (N) (Live) (HD) Outlaws
Tattoo Night.Tattoo Night.Kick-Ass (2010). Ordinary teen wants to be a superhero. Giggles-and-gore cynicism. (R) Romeo Must Die (2000). Jet Li, Aaliyah. (R) (HD)
Tia & Tamera (HD) (PG) Practical Magic (1998). Sandra Bullock, Nicole Kidman. (PG-13) (HD) Big Rich Texas (HD) (PG) Giuliana & Bill (HD) (PG) Giuliana & Bill
The Mortified Sessions (HD)
Iconoclasts (CC) (HD) (14)
. In the Loop (2009). Peter Capaldi, Tom Hollander. Bureaucrats drive allies toward war. Almost dementedly articulate satire. (CC) (HD)
The Beach (2000). Leonardo DiCaprio, Tilda Swinton. Trying to create Nirvana. Poor man’s “Lord of the Flies,” with diversity. (R) (CC) (HD)
Autoerotic (2011). (CC) (HD)
Alice “Alice.” A woman tries to escape Wonderland. (CC) (HD) (Part 1 of 2) (PG)
Alice A woman tries to escape Wonderland. (HD) (Part 2 of 2)
The King of Queens (HD)
The King of Queens (HD)
> The Big Bang Theory
> The Big Bang Theory
Big Daddy (1999). Adam Sandler. Slacker tries fatherhood. Flimsy and sentimental. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Eurotrip (2004). More like Eurotrash. Teenagers’ mis-
adventures on the way to Berlin. (R) (CC) (HD)
. Run Silent, Run Deep (1958). Clark Gable, Burt Lancaster. (CC) (6:15)
. Wuthering Heights (1939). Merle Oberon, Laurence Olivier. Heathcliff and Cathy on the moors. The heights, truly. And oh, that music! (CC)
A Night in Paradise (1946). Merle Oberon, Turhan Bey. Paradise lost, but tongue-in-cheek. (CC)
. The Divorce of Lady X (1938). Diverting British froth. Or was. Dated.
Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (N) Dateline: Real Life Mysteries (HD) Dateline: Real
The Book of Eli (2010). Denzel Washington, Gary Oldman. Lone warrior in post-apocalyptic wasteland. Keeps you watching. (R) (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Jonah Hex (2010). Scarred supernatural gunslinger faces old enemy. Enjoyable neo-B-movie. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Jonah Hex (2010). Josh Brolin, John Malkovich. Scarred supernatural gun-
slinger faces old enemy. Enjoyable neo-B-movie. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (10:45)
Deep Fried Paradise (CC) (HD) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
Wipeout “Wipey Awards.” (CC) Wipeout (CC) (PG) Wipeout (CC) (PG) Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Conspiracy Theory-Ventura Most Shocking
Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show Cosby Show
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
Knocked Up (2007). Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl. A one-night stand has an unforeseen consequence. (CC) (HD) (6:30)
The Ugly Truth (2009). Katherine Heigl, Gerard Butler. A romantically challenged woman faces outrageous tests. (R) (CC) (HD)
Knocked Up (2007). Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl. A one-
night stand has an unforeseen consequence. (CC) (HD)
100 Greatest Songs of the ’90s 100 Greatest Songs of the ’90s Movie (MA) Couples Therapy (14)
To be announced My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled “Inspired by Kim K.”
My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled “Momzilla.” (N) (PG)
To be announced My Fair Wedding With David Tu-
tera: Unveiled “Inspired by Kim K.”
My Fair Wed-
ding: Unveiled
Nets Pregame N.B.A. Toronto Raptors vs. Brooklyn Nets. (HD) Nets Postgame CenterStage Jay-Z. (CC) (HD) Wild Spirits N.B.A.
8 P.M. (HBO) WE BOUGHT A ZOO (2011) A Los
Angeles journalist, Benjamin (Matt Damon),
struggling to hold on to his family and job after
the death of his wife, decides to move his
14-year-old son (Colin Ford) and 7-year-old
daughter (Maggie Elizabeth Jones) into a
dilapidated house with mountain views and a
menagerie that has a lovely keeper (Scarlett
Johansson, above, with Mr. Damon). It’s for the
good of his children, he rationalizes in this
adaptation of the British journalist Benjamin
Mee’s nonfiction book of the same title, directed
by Cameron Crowe. “The creaks, groans and
clichés of the screenplay, which was written by
Aline Brosh McKenna (“27 Dresses”) and
reworked by Mr. Crowe are, however, finally
outstripped by the attractiveness of the
performers, those with two legs and more, and
especially by the tenderness that Mr. Damon
brings to his role,” Manohla Dargis wrote in The
New York Times. “Mr. Crowe doesn’t linger
over Benjamin’s despondency.” Rather, she
added, “he gives it gentle due in passages that
remind you that there’s often a strain of
melancholia in this director’s work, a sadness
that suggests that Mr. Crowe intimately knows
the darkness and uses his movies as a way to
resist (or deny) it. Whatever the case, you may
not buy his happy endings, but it’s a seductive
ideal when all of God’s creatures, great and
small, buxom and blond, exist in such harmony.” 10:30 A.M. (13) RELIGION & ETHICS
NEWSWEEKLYKim Lawton examines the role
of religion in the presidential election. Betty
Rollin reports on black churches and gay
MINDDr. Ruth Westheimer discusses losing
her parents in the Holocaust, her stint as a
Haganah sniper in pre-independence Israel and
her career as a sex therapist.
8 P.M. (Hallmark) CHRISTMAS SONG(2012)
Natasha Henstridge, right,
and Gabe Hogan play Diana
and Ken, rival music teachers
who are forced to compete for
a single position by entering
dueling groups in a television
contest. But soon Diana begins
to wonder what’s really worth
fighting for.
(2012) Adapted from the novel by the CNN
commentator Nancy Grace, and loosely based
on her former career as a prosecutor in the
Atlanta district attorney’s office, this drama
stars Jennie Garth as Hailey Dean, an assistant
D.A. in pursuit of a serial killer (Colin
Cunningham). Shaken by his attempt in court to
strangle her, she moves to New York and
becomes a therapist. But then her clients start
turning up dead.
9 P.M. (Starz) 21 JUMP STREET(2012) In this
comedy, directed by Phil Lord and Christopher
Miller and based on the late-1980s cop show on
Fox that made Johnny Depp a star, Jonah Hill
and Channing Tatum (below left, with Mr. Hill)
play barely
competent police
officers who go
undercover as high
school students to
sniff out the source
of a superdrug. “‘21
Jump Street’ makes
a virtue of its own
lack of novelty, reveling in its dumb gags and
retrograde attitudes — in 2012 women can
actually be funny, guys! — with such unaffected
exuberance that you may find yourself not only
tickled, but also charmed,” A.O. Scott wrote in
The Times.
BASKERVILLES (1959) A “Reel 13” double bill
starts with this classic, starring Peter Cushing
as Sherlock Holmes and André Morell as Doctor
Watson in Arthur Conan Doyle’s tale about the
haunting of a British estate by a murderous dog.
Writing in The Times, Bosley Crowther called
this Technicolor version, directed by Terence
Fisher, “a garish excuse for what should be a
fog-wreathed and ghost-haunted vehicle.” The
evening’s indie portion, at 10:35, features “You
Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger” (2010), Woody
Allen’s story about two couples grappling with
heartache amid some of the nicest real estate of
London. Roy (Josh Brolin) is a doctor turned
novelist, skidding toward failure. Sally (Naomi
Watts) is his frustrated wife. Helena (Gemma
Jones) is Sally’s mother, whose money supports
the couple’s upper-bohemian lifestyle. And Alfie
(Anthony Hopkins) is Sally’s father and
Helena’s ex, who has embarked on a wild
second life with a former prostitute (Lucy
Punch). “Since Mr. Allen is a notoriously
nondirective director of actors, the
performances in his movies tend to be all over
the map, and ‘You Will Meet a Tall Dark
Stranger’ is more scattershot than most,” A.O.
Scott wrote in The Times. “For the most part,
everyone struggles through, with at best mixed
success,” he added. “The audience included.” KATHRYNSHATTUCK
about sly) had been showing small ab-
stractions on Masonite,enlivened by
spurts of spray paint and rugged lines
that appeared to be more sawed than in-
cised. They were by a virtual unknown:
Rafael Vega, a 2012 graduate of the
School of the Art Institute of Chicago,
making his New York debut. Farther down the block, Tanya
Bonakdar Gallery had been offering an
unusually gimmick-free show by Olafur
Eliasson, with photographs of Iceland’s
hot springs and volcanoes and a wall-to-
wall floor piece made of large chunks of
dark obsidian, or volcanic glass. It was a
welcome alternative to the immersive,
perception-distorting environments
that have become an Eliasson specialty. One of the most beautiful and surpris-
ing shows had been next door at Casey
Kaplan: a four-decade survey of the
paintings of Giorgio Griffa, a little-
known Italian artist born in 1936 who
had not shown in New York since the
early 1970s. His sparse,plain-spoken
works constitute a kind of visual count-
ing: simple brush marks, lines or bands
of radiant color applied one after an-
other to expanses of raw, unstretched
canvas. They expanded history on sev-
eral fronts for me, adding to my under-
standing of European abstraction of the
late 1960s,speaking to the efforts of
American painters as disparate as Alan
Shields and Agnes Martin,and presag-
ing the low-tech painting of younger art-
ists like Sergej Jensen. I had left Chelsea,as I often do,feel-
ing a little high at the sight of different
kinds of art made at different points in
artists’ lives: starting out, continuing,
approaching the end. Whatever you
think of the actual art on any given day
in Chelsea, regulars to the neighbor-
hood are privy to a lot of human endeav-
or on the part of artists and art dealers.
It is a gift. That point was brought home with
special intensity when I returned on
Wednesday and then again on Thurs-
day, witnessing devastation every-
where,and also the purposeful reaction
to it. On Wednesday, to the thunderous
clatter of water pumps and generators,
ashen-faced, sometimes teary-eyed art
dealers, along with their staff members
and often their artists, were pulling sod-
den furniture, computers and irreplace-
able archival documentation and art-
works from their dark, water-blasted
There were huge piles of wet, crum-
pled cardboard on the street. “You
know, most people look at this and think
it’s just cardboard,” said Michael Jen-
kins, a partner in Sikkema Jenkins &
Company,on West 22nd Street. “They
don’t realize that all of it was wrapped
around works of art.” At Bonakdar, there was no sign of the
Eliasson photographs, just the long,
Donald-Judd-style wooden table and
bench that have become friendly land-
marks on the ground floor, severely
warped by water. At Kaplan, the front
desk had already been removed,and
the Griffa paintings were, I was told, at
the restorer. Everywhere there were signs of wa-
ter’s relentlessness,but also odd excep-
tions. At Guided by Invoices, which sits
as far west as you can go on 21st Street,
on the corner of the West Side Highway,
the Vega show was still hanging,and
the gallery was almost completely dry.
Something — perhaps unusually water-
tight gates — had saved it. Anton Kern was locked when I went
by, but through the window there were
no Havekost paintings to be seen, only
what would become the increasingly fa-
miliar sight of works on paper spread
out on tables and the floor for drying. I ventured north to find that the
floods had not touched the galleries on
West 29th Street,and then back down to
27th Street,between 11th Avenue and
the West Side Highway, where the
string of small galleries nestled in the
south side of the old Terminal Ware-
house building — Derek Eller, Wall-
space, Winkleman, Foxy Production
and Jeff Bailey —had lost huge
amounts of art when the building’s com-
mon basement flooded. At every turn there was evidence of
salvage and conservation, as well as re-
building. Even on Wednesday workers
were cutting away ruined drywall in
galleries so it could be replaced; on
Thursday trucks from lumber yards
were delivering drywall and plywood.
At CRG at 548 West 22nd Street, a floor
that had been slick with water on
Wednesday was a day later arrayed
with tables for drying works on paper.
Upstairs, where the Artist’s Book Fair
was to have been held this weekend but
had been canceled, the space had been
converted into a kind of art hospital for
drying out. For all these efforts,it was easy to
wonder, on first encounter, if Chelsea
would ever come back as an art district.
And when I talked to dealers about
what they thought, reactions were
mixed. Asya Geisberg, whose 23rd
Street gallery was flooded,said: “I wor-
ry about the longevity of Chelsea for
smaller galleries. We don’t have the
staff or resources to deal with this.” “My artists are helping me out,” she
added.“Other people are helping me
out, but it’s not enough.”
On 22nd Street Andrew Kreps con-
firmed that he had lost most of his in-
ventory in his flooded basement, and
my next,perhaps undiplomatic,ques-
tion to him was “Will you close?” But his immediate reaction was “No.”
James Yohe, another 22nd Street galle-
rist,put it more romantically, “We’re
here because we’re true believers.” Mr. Kaplan said he was determined to
reopen and to continue his Griffa show
when he did. “I have to do this for him,”
he said, referring to Mr. Griffa. “He’s
been kind of written out of art history.”
“We won’t come back in the same
way —we might be on one leg financial-
ly,” he added.“But we will.” His commitment was echoed on 19th
Street, where David Zwirner was over-
seeing an immense conservation effort
spread,in his case,through three large
spaces. He said his faith in Chelsea was
unshaken. Referring to both the density
of Chelsea’s galleries and their lack of
entrance fees, he said, “It’s the craziest
freebie in the world.” He sounded as if
he didn’t want to miss a minute of it.
A Test of Tenacity for Waterlogged Art Galleries
Drywall pulled from flooded galleries filling trash bins in Chelsea.The neighborhood’s art dealers, some in tears, are salvaging what they can in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.
From First Arts Page
widely criticized for a heavy-handed ap-
proach and his project’s large scale, use
of eminent domain and,as of yet, failure
to build the low-income housing he’s
promised.Mr. Joseph, in propulsive pat-
ter that evokes poetry slams, makes ref-
erence to Barclays early on and asks a
pointed question: “Why not think of ar-
chitecture as relevant to the poor?” The form of the show’s prologue itself
makes a statement. In the opening min-
utes of the performance, the audience
walks onstage among the actors, who
are standing inside a house that then
breaks into four moving parts, each a lit-
tle room. Theaster Gates’s set moves
around the actors and the audience. It’s
designed to fit into spaces, not over-
whelm them. While the show, staged fluidly by Mi-
chael John Garcés,has political over-
tones, it’s neither sober nor dogmatic.
Its heart is in the joyous, ingratiating
performances and the music of its lan-
guage, which alternates between mun-
dane prose and staccato poetry. Moreover, its perspective is more
searching than polemical. Mr. Joseph, a bald African-American
in jeans, portrays himself as a creaky-
kneed artist and occasionally unsure fa-
ther. Such positioning does not come off
as a pose. Ambivalence is fused into the
show. There’s a gently satirical take on
like-minded activists. In one scene he
wryly describes praying over tofu at a
vegan restaurant. In another he talks
about advocating green and sustainable
living to people worried about their kids’
being shot. He underscores the complexities of is-
sues, hinting at the contradictions of
teaching his son about the Black Pan-
thers when the “face of imperialism is
Barack Obama.” The cast offers steady
support, particularly Traci Tolmaire,
who adds ferocious physicality and
some nice character sketches. Tommy
Shepherd and Mr. Gates provide percus-
sion, soulful singing and occasional
loose-limbed dance. The energy level rises in the New
York sequence, which reflects the pace
of the city. Mr. Joseph talks about meet-
ing the “green czar of Harlem,” who
tests him and his festival plans with rap-
id-fire questions about use of toxic-free
products and reusable containers. In
New York even an environmental advo-
cate talks like a Wall Street trader. Mr. Joseph responds with a laid-back
reggae beat. “Keep your standards high-
er,” he says. “But don’t keep my people
Tommy Shepherd, left, and Marc Bamuthi Joseph in “red, black & GREEN:
a blues,” in the new Fishman Space at Brooklyn Academy of Music.
Making a Fest, Keeping It Green
From First Arts Page
“red, black & GREEN: a blues” is play-
ing through Sunday at Fishman Space,
Fisher Building, Brooklyn Academy of
Music, 321 Ashland Place, near Lafayette
Avenue, Fort Greene; (718) 636-4100,
Why does the title of John Pizzarelli
and Jessica Molaskey’s brilliant new
show, “This Must Be the Place?” (that’s
the Talking Heads song with new punc-
tuation),end with a question mark?
That song, ingeniously
wound around the Beatles’
“Two of Us,” led off this mar-
ried couple’s opening-night
program at the Café Carlyle
on Wednesday evening. The question mark sug-
gests that the narrator of “This Must Be
the Place,” “an animal looking for a
home,” isn’t certain of its location. The
central couple of the Beatles song are
on their way home, but haven’t arrived.
How real is the concept of “home sweet
home” as a refuge from the storms of
the world? And at what point does a
safe harbor become a prison from which
you long to escape? And even if you flee
the nest, what of value do you leave be-
hind? These questions are addressed ellipti-
cally in a program that deconstructs the
concept of home with an acute aware-
ness that its solidity is illusory. Or,as
the James Taylor song “Enough to Be
on Your Way,” urges:
Home, build it behind your eyes
Carry it in your heart.
In a life of unceasing travel, it implies,
home is something you have to invent
yourself and take along with you. Mr. Taylor’s ballad was beautifully
performed by Ms. Molaskey, a singer
whose radar yields infallible insight into
a song’s emotional crosscurrents. Her
renditions of Joni Mitchell’s “Marcie”
and Tom Petty and Jeff Lynne’s “Free
Falling” gave these stories of fractured
relationships a piercing immediacy. As always, Mr. Pizzarelli and Ms. Mo-
laskey play a sophisticated game of
push me, pull you, in which Ms. Molas-
key is a kind of empathetic therapist
with a playful imagination,and Mr.
Pizzarelli, in both his guitar playing and
singing,is an irrepressible optimist. In
this showtheir roles are less divided
than usual. Mr. Pizzarelli crooned “No
More,” the Stephen Sondheim plea from
“Into the Woods,” which took on extra
resonance after Hurricane Sandy. In
particular, the words “Where are we to
go?,” sung gently and wistfully, echoed
in my mind. Mr. Pizzarelli and his band (Larry
Fuller on piano, Tony Tedesco on drums,
and Mr. Pizzarelli’s younger brother,
Martin Pizzarelli,on bass) played their
customary mixture of breezy,guitar-
based jazz and pop with the usual hap-
py-making exuberance. “Avalon” and
the Lionel Hampton theme song “Flyin’
Home” (with lyrics by Ms. Molaskey)
surged with joy and excitement.
The evening ended with Ms. Molas-
key’s unamplified rendition of Ricky Ian
Gordon and Tina Landau’s “Finding
Home,” from the 1997 Off Broadway
show“Dream True.” The song encapsu-
lated everything that had come before
and ended with a sigh of affirmation: Trusting home if you travel far and
Carrying home deep inside.
The Many Notions of Home, Redefined and Questioned in an Evening of Songs
John Pizzarelli and Jessica Molaskey
new show, “This Must Be the Place?,”
opened Wednesday at Café Carlyle. John Pizzarelli and Jessica Molaskey
perform through Nov. 24 at the Café Car-
lyle, 35 East 76th Street, Manhattan;
(212) 744-1600.
A show’s theme takes on
extra resonance.
Metropolitan Forecast
......................Partly sunny and windy
High 50. A chilly and gusty wind from the
northwest will persist throughout the re-
gion. The day will be mainly dry with sun-
shine and some clouds. The northwest
wind will average 12 to 25 miles per hour
with a few higher gusts.
..................Patchy clouds and cold
Low 38. A breeze from the west and the
northwest will continue to bring cold air
into the region. Otherwise, it will be a
mainly dry night with some patchy clouds.
.....................Partly sunny, chilly
High 49. The wind will not be quite as
strong as it will be today. It will continue to
be chilly with a mixture of clouds and sun-
shine. However, it will be dry.
...........................Partly sunny, chilly
High pressure will build out of southeast
Canada into the Northeast. This will con-
tinue to provide chilly but dry weather with
times of clouds and sunshine.
........Rain possible Wednesday
Tuesday will be a partly sunny, breezy and
chilly day. The high will be 47. A storm sys-
tem moving up the coast will bring the
chance of rain Wednesday. The high will
be 47.
A large upper-air storm will bring brisk and
chilly conditions to the region with some
rain and snow showers across New Eng-
land and upstate New York. Expect a part-
ly sunny sky elsewhere. It will remain brisk
and chilly across the Northeast tomorrow
with a morning rain or snow shower in
some places.
Brisk winds will continue to chill the
Northeast today with another round of
snow showers in store for the interior.
Chilly air will also still be in place across
the Midwest, setting the stage for a couple
of snow showers over the Dakotas. A weak
storm system will lead to a few showers
and thunderstorms from the Ohio Valley to
Texas. Warm air ahead of the storm will surge
into the Deep South, while noticeably
cooler air pours into Kansas, Oklahoma,
northwestern Texas and northeastern
New Mexico. Meanwhile, another storm system will
bring more rain to the Pacific Northwest.
High pressure will allow the weekend to
start on a dry note across the rest of the
West as temperatures in Southern Califor-
nia turn warmer.
High High
Past peak
Near peak
Some color
Still green
New York
St. Paul
New York
Baton Rouge
Little R
e R
e R
Sioux Falls
San Francisco
an Francisco
an Francisco
Los An
n Diego
Salt Lake
t Lake
anta Fe
Ft. Worth
t W
klahoma C
San an Antonio
San ouston
Corpus Christi
es M
St. Louis
Parts of the Northeast could be dealing with a significant coastal storm by the middle of next week. The storm will move off the Southeast coast on Tuesday and then intensify south of New England by Wednesday. At this point, it looks like the storm could bring strong winds and heavy rain to the major cities of the Northeast, while wet snow would be possible well inland.
Highlight: Potential for East Coast Storm on Wednesday
Heavy rain and
strong winds
high 83°
high 58°
low 45°
low 30°
7 a.m.
1 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
.............. –4.0°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +2.8°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 83%Yesterday
............. 69%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 1.70Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 2.54Actual
.................... 4.25Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 38.95Actual
.................. 49.93Normal
Air pressure Humidity
Heating Degree Days
........... 29.67 9 a.m.High
............ 29.64 1 a.m.Low
............. 73% 6 a.m.High
.............. 44% 4 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature fell below 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
are with those of the last 30 y
................................................................... 15Yesterday
........................................................ 33So far this month
.............................. 277So far this season (since July 1)
................................. 336Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Below Above
Below Above
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
National Forecast
Last Quarter New First Quarter Full
Nov. 6 Nov. 13 Nov. 20 Nov. 28
Northeast Foliage
5:07 p.m. 9:46 a.m.
7:29 a.m.
5:49 p.m.
6:30 a.m.
10:23 a.m.
7:35 p.m.
6:46 a.m.
5:37 p.m.
11:32 a.m.
9:27 p.m.
12:13 p.m.
10:46 a.m.
7:51 p.m.
4:34 a.m.
4:31 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
50/ 38 W 49/ 35 PC
Bridgeport 56/ 47 0.03 54/ 38 W 47/ 32 PC
Caldwell 52/ 42 0.01 51/ 34 PC 48/ 28 PC
Danbury 51/ 45 Tr 50/ 31 W 48/ 25 PC
Islip 55/ 47 0.03 52/ 38 W 50/ 33 PC
Newark 54/ 47 0.01 54/ 39 W 49/ 34 PC
Trenton 51/ 40 0.05 50/ 36 PC 50/ 32 PC
White Plains 51/ 46 0.02 49/ 35 W 48/ 30 PC
Albany 48/ 36 0.01 46/ 33 C 45/ 24 PC
Albuquerque 71/ 45 0 67/ 43 S 69/ 45 S
Anchorage 34/ 26 0 36/ 25 S 34/ 19 S
Atlanta 76/ 46 0 74/ 58 S 75/ 53 T
Atlantic City 53/ 42 0.07 50/ 39 PC 49/ 37 PC
Austin 85/ 60 0 82/ 60 PC 82/ 56 T
Baltimore 52/ 37 Tr 51/ 36 PC 50/ 34 PC
Baton Rouge 85/ 60 0 85/ 62 PC 81/ 59 T
Birmingham 78/ 48 0 80/ 55 PC 75/ 49 T
Boise 61/ 39 0 61/ 39 S 63/ 41 PC
Boston 52/ 40 0.02 52/ 39 W 50/ 34 PC
Buffalo 42/ 34 0.15 42/ 32 C 42/ 30 PC
Burlington 47/ 37 0.11 46/ 35 C 42/ 24 C
Casper 57/ 27 0 54/ 30 PC 57/ 29 S
Charlotte 68/ 36 0 64/ 44 S 62/ 46 Sh
Chattanooga 74/ 39 0 70/ 49 PC 69/ 45 T
Chicago 50/ 37 0 50/ 35 PC 48/ 35 PC
Cincinnati 52/ 32 0 50/ 32 PC 52/ 31 PC
Cleveland 42/ 36 0.01 46/ 36 PC 45/ 34 PC
Colorado Springs 60/ 30 0 60/ 35 S 64/ 33 S
Columbus 46/ 30 0 48/ 31 PC 48/ 32 PC
Concord, N.H. 52/ 32 0 52/ 30 W 49/ 23 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 87/ 64 0 84/ 58 PC 74/ 52 C
Denver 60/ 35 0 64/ 38 S 65/ 33 S
Des Moines 49/ 37 0 52/ 34 PC 51/ 38 C
Detroit 43/ 31 0.01 47/ 30 PC 46/ 31 PC
El Paso 78/ 53 0 76/ 51 PC 76/ 48 S
Fargo 36/ 27 0 40/ 29 SS 44/ 35 C
Hartford 54/ 35 Tr 52/ 34 W 46/ 26 PC
Honolulu 84/ 66 0 86/ 68 S 86/ 69 S
Houston 86/ 65 0 83/ 62 PC 82/ 60 T
Indianapolis 51/ 35 0 50/ 32 C 50/ 32 PC
Jackson 84/ 56 0 84/ 58 PC 77/ 53 T
Jacksonville 76/ 50 0 77/ 54 S 81/ 57 PC
Kansas City 63/ 40 0 58/ 36 PC 57/ 40 PC
Key West 79/ 71 0.21 81/ 72 S 82/ 72 PC
Las Vegas 76/ 54 0 74/ 55 S 76/ 57 S
Lexington 54/ 33 0 56/ 37 PC 54/ 33 PC
Little Rock 77/ 54 0 80/ 51 PC 62/ 45 C
Los Angeles 70/ 56 0 78/ 58 PC 86/ 60 S
Louisville 55/ 37 0 52/ 38 PC 54/ 36 PC
Memphis 76/ 56 0 78/ 53 PC 64/ 43 C
Miami 81/ 64 0 82/ 68 S 82/ 69 PC
Milwaukee 44/ 34 0 44/ 33 PC 46/ 34 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 41/ 31 0 45/ 33 PC 51/ 37 C
Nashville 69/ 39 0 70/ 45 PC 60/ 37 C
New Orleans 82/ 63 0 82/ 64 PC 80/ 62 C
Norfolk 60/ 41 0 58/ 42 PC 53/ 44 C
Oklahoma City 83/ 53 0 68/ 44 PC 68/ 44 PC
Omaha 54/ 35 0 56/ 37 PC 57/ 40 C
Orlando 77/ 54 0 82/ 58 S 81/ 61 PC
Philadelphia 51/ 38 0.01 50/ 38 PC 50/ 35 PC
Phoenix 85/ 60 0 83/ 59 S 85/ 62 S
Pittsburgh 43/ 33 Tr 45/ 32 PC 45/ 30 PC
Portland, Me. 54/ 38 0 52/ 36 W 50/ 27 PC
Portland, Ore. 63/ 48 0 61/ 54 R 65/ 53 C
Providence 54/ 37 Tr 52/ 36 W 53/ 30 PC
Raleigh 65/ 35 0 58/ 38 PC 59/ 43 Sh
Reno 62/ 36 0 66/ 36 PC 70/ 40 S
Richmond 58/ 34 0 57/ 36 PC 56/ 38 C
Rochester 42/ 35 0.02 44/ 33 C 42/ 28 PC
Sacramento 69/ 45 0 70/ 47 S 76/ 50 S
Salt Lake City 62/ 36 0 58/ 39 S 61/ 37 S
San Antonio 82/ 65 0 83/ 63 PC 82/ 61 T
San Diego 68/ 58 0 71/ 58 PC 80/ 60 S
San Francisco 65/ 53 0 68/ 53 PC 71/ 55 S
San Jose 67/ 48 0 70/ 51 PC 76/ 52 S
San Juan 88/ 76 0.09 88/ 76 T 87/ 75 Sh
Seattle 59/ 49 Tr 57/ 53 R 62/ 55 Sh
Sioux Falls 45/ 29 0 50/ 34 PC 54/ 37 C
Spokane 56/ 42 0 53/ 43 PC 55/ 45 C
St. Louis 57/ 41 0 51/ 35 C 55/ 37 PC
St. Thomas 88/ 77 0.22 88/ 77 PC 87/ 77 Sh
Syracuse 43/ 36 0.13 46/ 35 C 40/ 26 PC
Tampa 76/ 59 0 82/ 63 S 82/ 65 PC
Toledo 42/ 29 0 48/ 30 PC 46/ 30 PC
Tucson 83/ 55 0 80/ 55 S 83/ 53 S
Tulsa 87/ 54 0 68/ 43 PC 66/ 42 PC
Virginia Beach 58/ 43 0 57/ 43 PC 55/ 45 C
Washington 55/ 39 0 54/ 39 PC 54/ 38 PC
Wichita 84/ 43 0 65/ 37 PC 65/ 45 PC
Wilmington, Del. 52/ 38 0 52/ 36 PC 50/ 33 PC
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 75/ 59 0.02 82/ 64 C 87/ 65 PC
Cairo 84/ 68 0 87/ 70 PC 88/ 69 PC
Cape Town 84/ 55 0 81/ 59 PC 77/ 55 PC
Dakar 88/ 77 0 91/ 76 S 91/ 77 S
Johannesburg 66/ 45 0 70/ 56 PC 76/ 58 S
Nairobi 75/ 63 0.14 71/ 61 T 79/ 59 T
Tunis 77/ 64 0 76/ 64 PC 81/ 67 PC
Baghdad 88/ 63 0 87/ 69 C 89/ 71 C
Bangkok 93/ 79 0 94/ 77 PC 95/ 78 T
Beijing 57/ 37 0 54/ 37 R 41/ 32 R
Damascus 86/ 55 0 83/ 58 PC 78/ 57 PC
Hong Kong 79/ 70 0 79/ 72 R 77/ 68 PC
Jakarta 94/ 77 0.27 89/ 77 T 89/ 77 T
Jerusalem 80/ 66 0 78/ 64 C 77/ 63 PC
Karachi 95/ 63 0 93/ 65 S 93/ 63 S
Manila 90/ 75 0 90/ 77 T 90/ 77 T
Mumbai 95/ 81 0 91/ 77 PC 91/ 77 PC
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 83/ 61 0 87/ 58 F 84/ 56 F
Riyadh 83/ 60 0 84/ 53 S 84/ 54 S
Seoul 52/ 30 0 59/ 45 S 55/ 48 R
Shanghai 66/ 57 0 68/ 48 Sh 61/ 46 S
Singapore 91/ 77 0.11 86/ 77 T 84/ 75 T
Sydney 66/ 57 0.29 72/ 54 PC 77/ 59 PC
Taipei 77/ 68 0 82/ 68 Sh 77/ 66 R
Tehran 72/ 55 0 68/ 52 C 66/ 51 S
Tokyo 64/ 53 0 63/ 50 PC 64/ 52 S
Amsterdam 48/ 41 0.30 48/ 41 Sh 49/ 44 Sh
Athens 81/ 63 0 73/ 61 S 76/ 63 S
Berlin 50/ 40 0.15 48/ 41 R 49/ 42 PC
Brussels 50/ 41 0.34 48/ 37 Sh 49/ 40 Sh
Budapest 57/ 39 0.01 52/ 46 PC 60/ 50 Sh
Copenhagen 48/ 45 0.02 47/ 43 Sh 46/ 43 R
Dublin 46/ 37 0.01 45/ 39 Sh 48/ 37 Sh
Edinburgh 46/ 36 0.07 43/ 35 Sh 44/ 35 PC
Frankfurt 52/ 43 0.32 46/ 41 R 49/ 42 R
Geneva 59/ 47 0.08 56/ 45 Sh 52/ 48 R
Helsinki 45/ 37 0.70 45/ 37 Sh 43/ 34 C
Istanbul 75/ 62 0.08 72/ 59 Sh 73/ 58 S
Kiev 48/ 41 0.23 53/ 43 PC 56/ 45 PC
Lisbon 68/ 54 0.06 70/ 57 R 64/ 54 R
London 52/ 39 0 48/ 41 PC 53/ 41 Sh
Madrid 61/ 50 0 63/ 52 R 64/ 43 Sh
Moscow 37/ 32 0 45/ 37 Sh 45/ 40 C
Nice 68/ 52 0 66/ 56 PC 70/ 59 R
Oslo 41/ 36 0.62 40/ 35 Sh 38/ 33 Sh
Paris 50/ 41 0.20 53/ 41 Sh 54/ 43 C
Prague 50/ 36 0.04 48/ 42 Sh 48/ 42 R
Rome 66/ 57 0 67/ 58 C 69/ 65 Sh
St. Petersburg 43/ 32 0.19 41/ 37 R 41/ 35 R
Stockholm 48/ 45 0.34 45/ 36 C 43/ 36 C
Vienna 46/ 37 0.08 54/ 43 PC 56/ 50 R
Warsaw 54/ 40 0.08 45/ 41 PC 51/ 43 S
Acapulco 87/ 76 0.15 90/ 73 T 90/ 75 T
Bermuda 77/ 70 0.04 74/ 67 W 75/ 68 W
Edmonton 25/ 21 0 31/ 15 PC 40/ 33 PC
Guadalajara 76/ 50 0 70/ 51 T 72/ 54 T
Havana 79/ 55 0 83/ 59 PC 83/ 63 S
Kingston 86/ 79 0.02 86/ 79 T 86/ 78 R
Martinique 88/ 77 0 88/ 73 S 88/ 73 S
Mexico City 71/ 48 0.05 68/ 50 T 65/ 51 T
Monterrey 81/ 62 0 86/ 60 T 85/ 61 T
Montreal 41/ 39 0.10 44/ 32 C 41/ 28 C
Nassau 82/ 66 0 82/ 72 PC 82/ 71 PC
Panama City 90/ 73 0.04 87/ 75 T 87/ 74 T
Quebec City 45/ 41 0.13 45/ 32 SS 40/ 25 C
Santo Domingo 88/ 73 0.01 89/ 72 T 88/ 71 T
Toronto 39/ 36 0.13 42/ 32 PC 42/ 26 PC
Vancouver 59/ 52 0 54/ 51 R 56/ 51 R
Winnipeg 30/ 27 0 38/ 23 PC 34/ 26 C
Buenos Aires 86/ 55 0 84/ 63 PC 81/ 64 PC
Caracas 91/ 77 0.08 91/ 77 PC 91/ 77 Sh
Lima 72/ 62 0 72/ 60 PC 73/ 60 C
Quito 66/ 48 0 65/ 48 T 66/ 49 T
Recife 84/ 75 0 86/ 75 PC 86/ 77 S
Rio de Janeiro 73/ 70 0.08 77/ 70 Sh 80/ 70 R
Santiago 82/ 52 0 84/ 52 S 84/ 52 S
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
A small craft advisory is in effect on the ocean. Wind will be from the northwest at 15-25 knots. Waves will be 2-4 feet on the ocean, 1-3 feet on Long Island Sound and 1 foot or less on New York Harbor.
Atlantic City ................. 10:42 a.m. ............ 11:16 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet .............. 10:48 a.m. ............ 11:41 p.m.
The Battery .................. 11:25 a.m. .......................... ---
Beach Haven ............... 12:24 a.m. ............ 12:18 p.m.
Bridgeport ..................... 2:37 a.m. .............. 2:43 p.m.
City Island ...................... 2:24 a.m. .............. 2:20 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ............... 11:46 a.m. .......................... ---
Montauk Point .............. 12:27 a.m. ............ 12:46 p.m.
Northport ....................... 2:32 a.m. .............. 2:38 p.m.
Port Washington ............ 2:10 a.m. .............. 2:06 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................. 11:00 a.m. ............ 11:53 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet .......... 10:21 a.m. ............ 11:14 p.m.
Stamford ........................ 2:40 a.m. .............. 2:46 p.m.
Tarrytown ....................... 1:32 a.m. .............. 1:14 p.m.
Willets Point ................... 2:21 a.m. .............. 2:17 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 53/ 46 0
Returning to Madison Square Garden
was to be a marquee event for the
Knicks. The N.B.A. scheduled it that
way, with LeBron James and his Miami
Heat, the defending champions, in New
York on the first Fri-
day night of Novem-
It was not sup-
posed to be the season opener, but it
ended up being the Knicks’ first reg-
ular-season game. The aftermath of
Hurricane Sandy postponed Thursday’s
game against the Nets. With the
change, the Knicks’ opener became the
first major event in the city since the
storm. At game time, millions of people
throughout the region were still without
power or gas. Homes are still flooded,
and the cleanup from the destruction by
the storm is not close to being finished.
The Knicks were in the Garden ready
to provide a brief distraction. But first,
Carmelo Anthony, the Knicks’ biggest
star, spoke to the near-capacity crowd
with his teammates behind him at mid-
court. With each sentence of thanks
from Anthony, the fans roared in appre-
ciation. Ultimately, the Knicks had to turn
their attention to the Heat. Fueled by
the home crowd, they took a sizable
lead by the game’s first timeout and
never let it go, defeating the Heat, 104-
By the middle of the first quarter, the
biggest question wasn’t if the Knicks
were too old or if they could slow down
the powerful Heat. It was if they could
maintain this level of play, this level of
energy, one filled with ball movement,
three-pointers and solid defense.
For one night at least, the answer was
yes. Anthony (30 points and 10 rebounds)
powered the Knicks, and the volume in
the Garden, early on. He swished four
3-pointers in the first half, and each one
was further behind the arc that the one
before it. He also put his head down at
times and drove to the basket. Anthony had help from everyone JASON SZENES FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The Knicks’ Carmelo Anthony addressing the crowd at Madison Square
Garden before the team’s season opener Friday against Miami.
Continued on Page D4
Anthony Sets Tone as Knicks
Provide a Reason to Cheer
MARY WITTENBERG, chief executive of New York Road Runners, the organization that operates the marathon
‘This isn’t the year or the time to run it.’
Mary Wittenberg, director of the New York City
Marathon, arrived at the event’s exposition at the Jacob
K. Javits Center on Thursday with a message for people
clamoring for the cancellation of the race. “This isn’t about running,” she said. “This is about
helping the city.”
A day later, though, Wittenberg came to a painful
realization: many in the city — and many of the runners
from around the world who paid and trained for the race
— did not see the marathon as help, but rather as an in-
sensitive romp through the city’s streets at a time when
millions are suffering the consequences of a natural dis-
aster. Her marquee event, the one that generates soar-
ing revenue and good will for the New York Road Run-
ners club she runs, was suddenly a source of derision.
So not long after joining city officials on Friday in
announcing the decision to cancel the marathon for the
first time in its history, Wittenberg, a former high
school cheerleader known for her unyielding pep,
walked through Central Park not far from where the
race’s finish line would have been. She looked pale, tired
and shaken, on the verge of tears.
“It’s crushing and really difficult,” she said in a qui-
et voice. “One of the toughest decisions we ever made.”
A road sign on Interstate 278 — for motorists crossing the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge into Brooklyn — before the call to cancel Sunday’s marathon. MARCUS YAM FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mary Wittenberg, director of the New York City Marathon, called
the decision to cancel the race “crushing and really difficult.” Continued on Page D3
It did not seem too much of an inconvenience on
Friday, a two-hour delay at Malpensa Airport in Milan.
Nor was the nine-hour flight too uncomfortable. Raffael-
la Romazzotti was excited, headed to New York to run
her first marathon. Shortly after she landed, she re-
ceived a startling text message.
The marathon had been canceled.
“I’m very angry,” said Romazzotti, 34, an account-
ant who spent about $2,500 to travel to the race. “If Bloomberg decided to cancel, why couldn’t he
do that before?” she added, referring to Mayor Michael
R. Bloomberg.“I know there is a big problem with
Sandy, but not now.”
Tens of thousands of runners found themselves in
the same predicament, flying from Italy and France and
Brazil and every state in the United States.Many of
them spent thousands of dollars, only to learn that they
would not be running 26.2 miles on Sunday as opposi-
tion continued to mount against putting on the race
when so many were recovering from a devastating
storm. The responses from the runners ranged from an-
ger to disappointment to understanding to relief to dis-
“It’s a shock,” said Joel Caballero, 37, of Mexico
City, who was checking into his Midtown hotel early Fri-
day evening, having learned only minutes earlier that Shock, Anger and Relief
After Months of Training
Continued on Page D3
ANALYSIS Wittenberg’s Actions Met Head On by Critics
The N.H.L. on Friday canceled
the Winter Classic, the outdoor
game that is its signature reg-
ular-season event, two months
before it was scheduled to be
played,on Jan. 1. It was the latest and the most
significant cancellation of the
nearly seven-week lockout,
which has wiped out the league
schedule for October and Novem-
ber. The game,between the Detroit
Red Wings and the Toronto Ma-
ple Leafs, was to be played at
Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor,
with an expected world-record
crowd of up to 115,000. The league
said the game between the teams
would instead be played at Ann
Arbor on Jan. 1, 2014.
“The logistical demands for
staging events of this magnitude
made today’s decision unavoid-
able,” said Bill Daly, the N.H.L.
deputy commissioner. “We sim-
ply are out of time.”The Winter
Classic, televised on NBC since
the first game on 2008, has been
perhaps the N.H.L.’s biggest suc-
cess story as it recovered from
the lockout that eliminated the
2004-5 season and the fan apathy
that preceded that lockout. The
Winter Classic produced millions
of dollars in revenue for the
N.H.L., drew four of its five big-
gest regular-season TV audi-
ences since the 1970s and gener-
ated invaluable publicity for a
league trying to reclaim its place
among the big four of North
American team sports.
Also canceled was a slate of re-
lated outdoor games at Comerica
Park in Detroit, called the Hock-
eytown Winter Festival, starting
Dec. 27. The event included the
Great Lakes Invitational,with
four N.C.A.A. games featuring
Michigan, Michigan State, West-
ern Michigan and Michigan
Tech; an Ontario Hockey League
doubleheader; an American
Hockey League game between
the top farm clubs of the Red
Wings and the Maple Leafs; and
two Dec. 31 games between
Wings and Leafs alumni.Some of
the games will be moved indoors.
The league’s announcement
Friday cited the construction of
rinks at Michigan Stadium and
Comerica Park for the early can-
cellation, as well as travel and ho-
tel commitments for games in-
volving teams from various
“The combined events were
preparing to welcome nearly
400,000 guests to Detroit and Ann
Arbor over the holiday period,”
the statement said. The Great Lakes tournament
will be moved indoors to Joe Lou-
is Arena in Detroit on Dec. 29 and
30, and the O.H.L. and A.H.L.
games will be reassigned as reg-
ular home games for the teams
involved. But the alumni games
were canceled until next season.
HBO’s “24/7,” the reality series
about the participating teams
that precedes the Classic, also
will not happen this season. Brian Cooper, the president of
the Toronto sports management
company S&E Sponsorship
Group, said the cancellation of
the Classic would cost league
sponsors between $3 million to
$3.5 million, and set the economic
impact on Detroit and Ann Arbor
at tens of millions of dollars.
Daly said in an e-mail that re-
scheduling the game at Michigan
Stadium was “not something we
are considering doing,” even
though the stadium will not be
used through the winter.Under
the N.H.L.’s $3 million contract
with the University of Michigan
for renting the stadium, the
league will forfeit only $100,000
by canceling the Winter Classic
before Saturday. The league estimated that it
had lost about $800 million in rev-
enue as a result of the lockout,
with 26.5 percent of the regular-
season schedule gone. Only the
Winter Classic was affected by
Friday’s announcement; the rest
of the schedule from Dec. 1 re-
Daly told The Canadian Press
he expected the league and the
N.H.L. Players’ Association to re-
sume negotiations in the near fu-
ture,and that he was discussing
details of where and when to
meet with the union’s special
counsel, Steve Fehr. The last bar-
gaining session between the
sides was Oct. 18.
Red Wings forward Danny Cle-
ary told the Michigan Web site that he was “almost
in disbelief” at the cancellation of
the Winter Classic.Red Wings
defenseman Ian White said,“I
think we’ve already had some
damage that won’t be able to be
undone to our sport.”
The loss of the Winter Classic
is “momentum interruptus” for
the N.H.L., Cooper said.
“In the U.S. they were doing so
well,” he said, about the N.H.L.’s
growth over the last few years.
He also cited the loss of mo-
mentum from last season’s Stan-
ley Cup triumph by Los Angeles,
a major media market newly ex-
cited about hockey after ignoring
it for decades. “Any marketing
expert will say that when you
have a great product that has a
great reputation, and then it’s out
of sight and has a negative taint
to it, it’s tough coming back.”
The window for the Winter
Classic’s status as an economic
boon for the N.H.L. may be clos-
ing. The event will soon be com-
peting with the new college foot-
ball playoff system, which will
have semifinals played on Dec. 31
or Jan. 1 in the 2014 season.
“For the last few years, Jan. 1
was a date in the holiday calen-
dar that the N.H.L. controlled,”
Cooper said. “With the Winter
Classic, they were getting beyond
the average core fan.They were
getting to the casual fan.”
Citing Logistics, N.H.L.
Cancels Winter Classic
A record crowd of up
to 115,000 was
expected to attend.
Baseball history is full of ec-
centrics. Jimmy Piersall once ran
the bases backward to celebrate
a home run. Mark Fidrych chat-
ted with the ball as if he expected
a conversation to break out. Dock
Ellis pitched under the influence
of LSD. Bill Lee’s nickname, the
Spaceman, suggested his out-
thereness. And Yogi Berra be-
came a quotable guru without
even trying.
Then there was Pascual Perez,
who this week was killed,appar-
ently in a home invasion,in the
Dominican Republic. He was an
odd, infectious character who
demonstrated his eccentricity in
good and bad ways. He hopped
around the mound “as if he has a
pesky mosquito in his uniform
pants,” Jack Curry of The New
York Times wrote in 1991. He
sprinted on and off the field. He
pumped his fist after strikeouts.
He pointed his finger like a gun at
batters he retired. He jingled with
bling. His long hair was a mass of
curls. On his baseball cards, Pe-
rez looked to be having fun in a
most genuine way. He was elu-
sive. He was delightful. He was
He could be a brilliant, big-
game pitcher, but not consis-
tently. He could throw a 95-mile-
per-hour fastball and then lob a
30-m.p.h. eephus pitch.
He will be remembered less for
his occasional success on the
mound as for his idiosyncrasies
and,more seriously, his struggles
with drugs.
In 1982, he missed a start for
the Atlanta Braves because he
did not make it to the ballpark on
time. Trying to find Atlanta-Ful-
ton County Stadium, he got lost
on Interstate 285, Atlanta’s belt-
way. Round and round he went;
where he was headed, he appar-
ently did not know. The car ran
low on gas. In 1990, he told Sports Illustrat-
ed: “I pass around the city two
time easy, but the car so hot I
stop at a gas station. I ask for $10
worth and the guy say, ‘You Pas-
cual Perez? People been waiting
for you at the stadium.’ I’m 20
minutes away, he tell me. I feel
like a heart attack.”
He reached the stadium 10
minutes after the game started.
Two years later, he was still
wearing a Braves jacket that
read “I-285” on the back.
Pascual started the 1984 season
most inauspiciously. He had been
arrested and jailed for cocaine
possession in the Dominican Re-
public. His defense: he did not
know that the packet a woman in
Atlanta gave him contained a
small amount of cocaine. He
served about three months in
prison. Commissioner Bowie
Kuhn suspended him for a
month, but an arbitrator cut it
down. He made his first start in
May. And he had a pretty good
season, finishing 14-8, with a 3.74
earned run average, for the 80-82
Braves. But that season may be re-
membered by some for Perez’s
role in a beanball war in a game
against the San Diego Padres. He
hit Alan Wiggins to start the
game; three times, Padres pitch-
ers nearly hit him until Craig Lef-
ferts did, igniting a brawl that
brought the injured Bob Horner
out of the press box and into his
uniform to join the melee. Man-
ager Dick Williams never denied
telling his pitchers to throw at Pe-
rez, who said he had no idea why
the Padres were mad at him.
His success in Atlanta ended in
1985. During a game in July
against the Mets, he gave up sev-
en runs and seven hits in a 15-10
loss. That lowered his record to
1-8. He went AWOL for a few
days. “He won’t listen to any-
body,” said Rafael Ramirez, the
Braves’ shortstop, and the team
suspended him. Perez’s agent said he had tak-
en refuge in a Manhattan hotel.
Perez told Sports Illustrated
nearly five years later that he
had consulted a spiritualist who
saw bad spirits around him. He
was reinstated to the roster,but
he was suspended for a day the
next month for showing up late
for a game in San Francisco. He
kept losing and finished at 1-13.
Bad spirits indeed.
The Braves cut him before the
1986 season —he did not pitch in
the majors that season — but he
revived his career the next year
in Montreal,where he pitched un-
til 1989. But he spent part of
spring training in 1989 in a drug
rehabilitation center. During the
season, Von Hayes of the Phila-
delphia Phillies complained that
Perez was doctoring the ball with
the “stuff he puts in his hair.” The
product Perez used was called
Worlds of Curls.
He became a Yankee in No-
vember 1989, signing a three-
year, $5.7 million contract. “I
hope the Yankees take good care
of him,” Expos General Manager
Dave Dombrowski said. “He is a
very fragile individual.”
Perez gave the Yankees less
than Carl Pavano did. He report-
ed a week late for his first spring
training, partly because he was
fighting a paternity suit. He was
also injured, spending 150 weeks
on the disabled list. By early 1992,
he had failed another drug test,
and he was suspended for a year.
His career was over.
A funeral was held Friday in the Dominican Republic for Pascual Perez, a former baseball player killed in his home this week.
A Pitcher Recalled for His Broad Spectrum of Quirks
Perez in 1989 with the Expos,
his third major league team;
the Yankees would be his last.
Pascual Perez could
pitch brilliantly when
he wasn’t in prison or
fighting bad spirits.
The Pittsburgh Steelers were
laughing in their locker room Fri-
day, recalling their high school
days,when they would wear
their uniforms on the school bus.
When they got off the bus, they
would put on their shoulder pads
and go straight to the opponent’s
field for the game.
With a lot more money in their
pockets and a lot more at stake,
the Steelers will abandon their
usual precisely planned itinerary
to pull off the N.F.L. equivalent of
the prep football away-game trip
on Sunday. They will wake up in a
Pittsburgh hotel,fly to New Jer-
sey just hours before their 4:25
p.m. game against the Giants, get
off the plane, stop briefly for a
team meal at a hotel near New-
ark Liberty International Airport,
board buses to MetLife Stadium,
play the game and then fly home
that night.
The league office could not re-
member a team traveling on the
day of a regular-season game, al-
though it has happened a few
times in the preseason because of
weather delays. But the Steelers
made the decision not to stay
overnight before the game after
their regular Jersey City hotel
was left without power by Hurri-
cane Sandy. When the Steelers were unable
to easily find other accommoda-
tions, they decided to stay home
because they were reluctant to
further disrupt other guests —
many of them local residents dis-
placed from their damaged
homes — and hotel staff mem-
bers who were already dealing
with the storm’s aftermath. On
Friday, Giants Coach Tom Cough-
lin called the Steelers’ decision
“They wanted to do their part
to help the folks, the people in our
area,” Coughlin said. In the routine-reliant world of
professional football — Coughlin,
after all, famously expects meet-
ings to start five minutes early —
disrupting the ritual of the trip
sounds like the psychological
equivalent of canceling a pre-
game speech. The intent of keep-
ing the same schedule before
games, and of following precisely
the same schedule of meetings,
practices and treatments every
week of the season, is obvious:
coaches want to remove as much
unpredictability and guesswork
from the day so players can con-
centrate on the game without
having to contemplate mundane
details like when to get their
wake-up call. “It sets the rhythm of the day,”
said Steelers tackle Willie Colon,
who is from New York City.
“Sometimes just getting out of
that rhythm can affect a guy’s
psyche.” The Steelers’ regular trip rou-
tine mimics those many teams
follow. The team departs mid-
afternoon Saturday, no matter
where the game is. After they ar-
rive, players check into the hotel
and then often have several
hours to themselves before
evening meetings and curfew. On
a typical trip to a Giants game,
Colon would have met family for
On Sunday, players eat break-
fast at their leisure and then can
attend optional church services.
If the game is late in the day,
there may be informal position
meetings and maybe some film
viewing before the first of two
waves of buses leaves the hotel. Colon said an overreliance on a
routine was a sign of mental
weakness in a player,and he
scoffs at those who think they
have lucky socks or shoes. Colon, though, is unusually
freewheeling about the team’s
schedule. He would like the Steel-
ers to travel on the day of the
game all the time. He likes to get
to the stadium so early before a
road game that he and his team-
mates Ryan Clark and Troy Pola-
malu often ride to the stadium
early with the trainers, even be-
fore the first buses for players
leave the hotel. The buses depart
in time to get to the stadium
three hours before the game
starts. “I hate sitting in the hotel
room,” Colon said. “I’d rather
walk into the locker room and
just walk around the stadium.
Some guys like to get to the lock-
er room, throw their stuff down
and go. I need to relax my
nerves. I like to set my equip-
ment up, clear my mind. I like to
block out the world.”
The Steelers will arrive in New Jersey on Sunday to avoid disrupting hotel guests dealing with Hurricane Sandy’s aftermath.
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there would be no marathon. He
and his wife, Alex, had spent
about $7,000 for the trip. “I can’t
believe it. I’m mad, sad, disap-
pointed. I want to cry.”
About 14 months ago, Jon Ker-
win’s first half-marathon was
canceled because of Hurricane
Irene. Kerwin, 26, of Brooklyn,
trained for the past five months
for Sunday’s marathon, now
washed away by Sandy.
“It is depressing because you
put so much into it,” Kerwin said,
noting that he had raised $3,000
for charity and endured a rigor-
ous fitness and dietary plan to
get himself to race day. He even
ran 15 miles Thursday as he hit
the final stretch of his training.
But there is a silver lining to the
cancellation, said Kerwin, who
was at the gym when he heard
the news.
“It relieves me of a moral is-
sue,” he said. Without any plans
for Sunday, Kerwin said he had
already reached out to organizers
to find out if he could volunteer.
“I’m in shape and I’m more
than capable of helping other
people,” he said. “It would be a
waste to spend that day sitting at
Fabienne Bruneau, a 25-year-
old in Murray Hill, raised more
than $10,000 for the Crohn’s and
Colitis Foundation of America for
the marathon and said she did
not want to let her supporters
down by not completing the race,
but she said she understood the
decision made by the organizers.
Bruneau had not had power since
Monday evening, shuttling be-
tween coffee shops to charge her
phone and laptop, frequenting a
gym outside her neighborhood to
stay on her training plan and
cooking pasta by candlelight in
the days leading up to the race. “I do think that New Yorkers
spoke up and they were listening
to the people of New York,” Bru-
neau said. “With the threat of
protesters, I’m sure there were
concerns about runner safety
and I felt uncomfortable with the
idea of less police and more peo-
ple up in arms.” Eileen Vega-Lamboy, a mara-
thoner from West New York, N.J.,
and a member of New York Road
Runners, said she was planning
to run in the race with three
members of her family. But after
Hurricane Sandy hit and opposi-
tion to the event swelled, Vega-
Lamboy and her group launched
a Facebook group to encourage
runners to forgo the race and in-
stead do volunteer work in the
hardest-hit areas this weekend.
“We’re very happy with the de-
cision,” Vega-Lamboy said Fri-
day evening. “We still plan to vol-
unteer on Sunday and help out.
We’re happy to have it be a day of
volunteering and we have people
who agreed to donate meals.”
Eline Oidvin, 35, from the rural
town of Tau, Norway, came to
New York hoping to finish her
second marathon. It was a tre-
mendous burden. Visually im-
paired, she needed a guide to
train for many months and a
guide to accompany her to New
York. Oidvin, a physical therapist
with two children, used her sav-
ings and donations from her fam-
ily, spending about $7,500 to fly to
New York and pay for hotels and
other expenses.
“It’s not a problem for me to
understand why they are cancel-
ing it,” she said in her Midtown
hotel after hearing about the can-
cellation. “I more than under-
stand for the people who have
lost their homes, but they should
have told us sooner.”
Ryan and Pamela Murphy of
Staten Island were planning to
run their third and fourth New
York City Marathon. But they
soon decided to organize volun-
teers rather than run. Ryan Mur-
phy said he was thrilled with the
decision by Bloomberg and Road
Joel Hegardt, 50, of Gothen-
burg, Sweden, spent more than
$5,000 traveling to New York, but
said he understood when the race
was canceled. On Friday night, he
and friends were scrambling try-
ing to organize an unofficial race
that could be the New York Aid
Marathon, where runners could
donate $100 each to the city’s re-
covery effort.
“We’ve all spent a lot of money
to get here,” Hegardt said. “We
can spend a little more to help the
people who are suffering.”
Daria Minuto was in tears after the marathon’s cancellation Friday. Minuto and her husband, Giovanni Ferro, right, had traveled from Savona, Italy, to run the race.
From First Sports Page
Runners Express Shock, Anger and Relief After Months of Training
Mary Pilon, Steve Eder, Andrew
Lehren and Ken Belson contribut-
ed reporting.
The right decision, to call off
the New York City Marathon,
was only 72 hours late. It could have and should have
been made as soon as Sandy
stopped bombard-
ing the region, as
soon as it became
apparent that peo-
ple had died, and
that millions were
in trouble. It is a
grand day in a great city, but ulti-
mately it is only a sports event. The best barometer of the in-
appropriateness of a marathon
on Sunday was the discomfort ex-
pressed by runners themselves.
Finely tuned competitors, wheth-
er of the championship or the
plodder variety, knew in their
bones and their nerve endings
and their hearts that it would be
wrong to prance through a strick-
en city. These affected athletes were
way ahead of city and marathon
officials who dithered for days,
talking of the glory of this grand
annual event, and the theoretical
benefits to revenue and morale. The idea of diverting energy,
human and actual, to create that
special one-day universe was
suddenly passé, for this week, for
this town. People had drowned or
been crushed by trees or electro-
cuted all over the city, and in New
Jersey and Long Island and Con-
necticut. This brutal storm had very lit-
tle in common with 9/11. There
should have been no perceived
need to go forward to prove the
enduring spirit of New York, of
runners, of humanity itself — as
if any of this needs to be renewed
annually, like a driver’s license. The marathon has been run
since 1970 and has tied the five
boroughs together since 1976.It
has proved itself every autumn
as October meets November. The
whole world gets it: New York is
a fascinating,varied city as
viewed on television sets every-
where. With all due respect to other
sports events in this region, the
marathon is the best single
scheduled day in any calendar. It
is hard to miss the pulsing hu-
manity as elite Kenyans stride off
the bridge into Brooklyn, fol-
lowed by thousands of runners
who, as the race goes on, look
more and more like most of us. There is New York in all its glo-
ry — not just the high school
bands emanating oompahs and
youthful zest, not just the sleepy-
heads poking out of windows in
Bay Ridge or the Hasids standing
and staring in Williamsburg or
the people four and five deep in
the wall of noise on the East Side
of Manhattan. The marathon is a
great event for the human race,
as represented in all its diversity
by New York.
But not this year. It would have been obscene to
use police officers who earlier in
the week were saving lives, or la-
menting lives they could not
save, in inundated cellars in Stat-
en Island or smoldering fires in
Breezy Point or other afflicted
corners of this city. Put on a clean uniform and
stand at the barricades to make
sure some dope doesn’t infiltrate
the race? The police officers need
a rest and so do the firefighters
and so do the nurses and the vol-
unteers who have put their gi-
gantic New York hearts into res-
cuing and reassuring. New York had nothing left to
prove. Basta ya. Enough already.
The curious thing is that a solid
cadre of regulars, the runners
who make this race go, were ex-
pressing discomfort at running in
a city where people lack electrici-
ty or cannot go home or have
seen death and injury up close.
Runners, who have endowed this
race with their spirit and their
sweat, were saying they didn’t
want to do it this time. Some can-
celed; others would have run,be-
cause what do you do when the
gun goes off in Staten Island?
Instead, the tin ears and faulty
priorities belonged to the officials
who insisted the show must go
on, as if to prove once and for all
that New York is really the Big
Apple. With a glorious stretch of
beaches and history wiped out
down the Jersey coast, with the
homes of police and fire officers
still smoldering in Breezy Point,
the runners of the world were en-
couraged to flock to airports all
over the world, to fly to a stricken
city. Now they are here, paying
gouger prices for hotels, and be-
ing told, uhh, never mind. We will learn in days to come
who made what decisions, who
influenced whom to change their
minds. It was already a bad idea
when the winds stopped howling
and the tides stopped surging
and the real public servants, out
there in the neighborhoods, be-
gan to report just how bad this
was, how bad this still is. New York is a great city. An en-
tire region needs to start recover-
ing. The next time everybody re-
convenes, the marathon will still
be wonderful. Just not this Sun-
Wisely Stepping Aside
In a Bombarded City
Wittenberg, a former elite
marathoner who took over as
chief executive of Road Runners
in 2005, has come to believe in the
virtues of the sport and her club,
that running can lift the de-
pressed and galvanize a city. She
witnessed it in New York in 2001,
when, only two months after the
terrorist attacks of September 11,
the marathon was staged in patri-
otic splendor.
This week offered something al-
together different. “It was a stupendously bad de-
cision to hold this race, and the
fact that they pulled the plug at
the last minute only hurts the
very people they tried to help in
the first place,” said Alan Vine-
grad, a former U.S. Attorney who
has run six marathons, including
New York City twice. “The only
justification they had to run this
race, if there was ever a justifica-
tion, was to avoid the expense and
inconvenience of all the out-of-
towners who traveled to New
York for the marathon. Now they
are the people that are left out to
dry because they are in the city
Those people will most likely
blame both Wittenberg and the
city for that.
Wittenberg, 50, is the de facto
boss of running in the United
States and an ambassador for the
sport worldwide. Under her lead-
ership, Road Runners’ revenue
has grown to $59.3 million in the
2012 fiscal year, more than double
the $28.4 million it earned the
year she took over. But even from
her position atop the sport, she
still must answer to the mayor in
New York City.
“The hope is the marathon goes
on,” she said Wednesday, adding,
“The mayor will make the right
decision, and the decision is in his
hands.” It was the second time in just
over two months that Witten-
berg’s organization and the city
were responsible for a wildly un-
popular decision.
She took the brunt of the criti-
cism when Road Runners said in
late August that the group would
no longer transport runners’ be-
longings from the start on Staten
Island to the finish area in Central
Park. She said the city had long
wanted Road Runners to alleviate
the congestion beyond the mara-
thon’s finish line, caused partly by
trucks that transported runners’
Some runners at a race in Har-
lem booed her for eliminating the
bag drop. Online, a petition
against the decision gained mo-
Though that policy to do away
with the baggage transport was
quickly modified in the face of
heavy opposition, it was an exam-
ple of how Wittenberg had be-
come a lightning rod for criticism
because of her vision for the or-
The organization’s marquee
event is the marathon, but Witten-
berg sees the mission of the or-
ganization as something much
broader. She wants people every-
where to get off their couches and
into their sneakers to run. Under her watch, the New York
City Marathon has grown by near-
ly 30 percent, to 47,500, becoming
the largest in the world. But some
local runners say she has de-
stroyed the intimacy of the sport
and has failed to properly serve
her grass roots constituents. That was nothing, though, com-
pared with what critics were say-
ing about her this week as the
marathon grew near and the deci-
sion to move forward with the
race was reiterated by her and
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg.
“This is an epic fail for Bloom-
berg and Mary Wittenberg,” Lui-
sa Lisciandrello of Brooklyn
wrote in an online petition at As of Friday
evening, the petition had gar-
nered nearly 30,000 people who
supported postponing the race. Lisciandrello called the mayor
and Wittenberg “the personifica-
tion of greed and evil” because
they dared to waste city re-
sources on the race when “people
are still digging dead bodies out of
the mud.” Some people online and some
runners registered for the race
called Wittenberg insensitive.
Others said she had not called off
the race because Road Runners
was in it for the money.
But Glenn Latimer, the secre-
tary general of the World Mara-
thon Majors — marathon’s ver-
sion of tennis’ Grand Slam — said
Wittenberg did not deserve to be
the target of contempt.
“It wasn’t her call, it was the
mayor’s call,” he said. “But I’m
sure it was a very difficult deci-
sion because you can make a
strong case on either side. For
Mary, it was you’re damned if you
do, you’re damned if you don’t.”
Wittenberg takes most things
personally, her husband, Derek,
said earlier this fall. She took the
baggage transportation decision
to heart, just as she was personal-
ly crushed by the situation that
presented itself this week when
the wrath of Hurricane Sandy hit
the area.
The mayor announced on Tues-
day that the race would take place
as planned, and Wittenberg said
the race would be re-branded as a
“Race to Recover” and that it
would unite the city in the wake of
the storm. But Wittenberg, according to a
person who speaks with her regu-
larly, started to have doubts on
Wednesday that the race should
happen. While the mayor touted
that it would, she said her organi-
zation had not obtained final ap-
proval from the city.
It became clear to her on that
the race would divide the city —
not unite it, as she had hoped —
when critics began to chastise the
runners for taking part in the
event, Wittenberg said in a news
conference on Friday. But the mayor kept pushing,
publicly saying the race would go
on, and Wittenberg chose to fol-
low, said a person with knowledge
of the situation who did not want
to be quoted so as not to betray
her trust.
“It had become hard for volun-
teers,” Wittenberg said. “There
became this animosity toward
Wittenberg found it profoundly
difficult to cancel the race,
though, because of all the people
who were running for charity or
to symbolize how they had over-
come challenges. When talking about that at the
news conference, she bit her lip,
as if to hold back her emotions.
She said speaking more about it
would cause her to “lose it.”
But the decision already had
been made. Thousands of mara-
thoners and their families had al-
ready descended on a broken city.
Thousands of runners who had
trained for months for Sunday
now must wait another year to
run New York.
While those runners will have
guaranteed entries into next
year’s race, they will probably
have to pay another entry fee —
$255 for each non-Road Runners
member, even higher for interna-
tional runners, and $216 for mem-
bers. And they will have to train
again and travel to New York City
Only then will Wittenberg have
another chance to see the day she
dubs “Marathon Sunday,” a day
she had hoped would enliven the
city the way it had in the past. Un-
til then, it probably will be hard
for her to bounce back from this.
“She’s a worrier,” her husband
said this fall. “She wants every-
thing to be perfect, which is hard
sometimes, because a lot of things
are out of her control.”
A security guard stood by power generators near the marathon facility in Central Park on Friday. ANALYSIS Wittenberg’s
Actions Draw Out
Her Critics
From First Sports Page
Jeré Longman contributed report-
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In early May at Madison
Square Garden, just six months
ago, it is not true that one-half of
all the Knicks fans attending the
first-round play-
off games wore
Jeremy Lin jer-
seys. It only
seemed that way.
It is not true
that almost every
face in the crowd appeared
younger. But those fans may
have felt that way.
It is not true that the Knicks
were ready to challenge the
league’s elite, making baby
steps in a revival fueled by new
blood from refreshingly untradi-
tional sources. But the Knicks
had recast their image, to one
that was popular and promised
Friday night, the Knicks re-
turned to the Garden for the first
time since winning Game 4 of
their first-round playoff series
with the Miami Heat. The Heat
were again the opposition,and
lost again, 104-84.Nothing else
seemed even remotely the
Six months ago, approaching
Madison Square Garden, one
saw a picture of Lin’s face filling
the Seventh Avenue marquee.
Inside the building, Lin T-shirts
and other paraphernalia crowd-
ed the concession stands. And
this was on a night when he was
not even playing because of a mi-
nor knee injury.
At Friday’s game, there was
no official sign of Lin anywhere
inside or outside the building.
There was no evidence he had
played for the franchise. Where
once there had been posters of
Lin, there were now posters of
Carmelo Anthony or Amar’e
Stoudemire. Where Lin’s No. 17
jersey — ubiquitous in the New
York area last winter — once had
been held aloft and hawked for
$120, there was now a Raymond
Felton No. 2 jersey, largely ig-
nored along with its $90 price
As fans marched in through
the Seventh Avenue entrance, a
video of last season’s highlights
flashed across multiple televi-
sion monitors above their heads.
If the fans — some wearing
Lin jerseys — looked closely,
they might have seen the back of
his head in a few clips of other
Knicks dunking or driving for
baskets. But that was the closest
they would have come to seeing
the cynosure of the once-beloved
phenomenon known as Linsani-
The whitewashing of Lin from
Knicks history was the most jar-
ring face-lift Friday, but it was
not hard to see what else was
missing. Iman Shumpert, the
best kind of new star because he
is the rare one who plays de-
fense, was injured; he could be
months from playing again. Landry Fields was gone, too.
And while he may be missed less
because of the flaws he exhibited
last season, he could at least be
counted on for youthful enthusi-
asm. One could dream that he
would develop with seasoning.
And what was on display for
the remade Knicks in a refur-
bished Madison Square Garden?
The Knicks did not start the
oldest player in the league, 40-
year-old Kurt Thomas. The 38-
year-old Marcus Camby was on
the bench, too, hoping to weath-
er a calf injury. Stoudemire was
injured again, his cranky knee
suffering through one odd infir-
mity, a burst popliteal cyst, that
was followed by an even odder
sounding treatment, arthroscop-
ic debridement.
The intricate language for
what was going on with Stoude-
mire could have been simplified
in two highly familiar syllables:
Jason Kidd, who turns 40 in
March, was on hand. When he
stepped to midcourt Friday, he
had already played 48,068 min-
utes in the N.B.A. Rasheed Wal-
lace, 38, out of the league for two
years and so out of shape that
the demands of a la-de-dah pre-
season game last month were
beyond his reach, waited in the
wings. There was a young whip-
persnapper in the crew, the 35-
year-old rookie Pablo Priginoi.
Who knows what awaits these
new Knicks? Perhaps they are
not just older but wiser in ways
that matter. It is true that experi-
ence is needed to survive in the
only part of the N.B.A. season
that matters: the postseason.
But you have to be healthy
enough and have sufficient ener-
gy — not to mention ligament
flexibility — week after week to
get there. And it rarely does
much good to barely qualify.
The Knicks, so inept recently
at piecing together patchwork
lineups from other teams’ cast-
offs, have not won a playoff se-
ries since 2000. They have not
won the Atlantic Division in 18
They opened the recondi-
tioned, remodeled Madison
Square Garden on Friday, but
given the age of the Knicks’ ros-
ter, even in victory, it hardly felt
like a rebirth.
And it did not take much to re-
call how different it felt only six
months ago.
Last season’s Knicks, invigo-
rated by Lin and shored up by
other young, new faces, were far
from the perfect team and far
from a championship contender.
But they had something that al-
ways keep people coming back
with smiles on their faces. What
they had was a future.
Knicks Begin Season
Scrubbed of Lin
And Youth
Jason Kidd, who will be 40 in March, guarding Dwyane Wade
of the defending champion Heat in the Knicks’ season opener.
A crowd gathered outside Mad-
ison Square Garden on Friday
evening, waiting for the gates to
open and another Knicks season
to begin.
Fans arrived by any means
they could, infusing energy and
spirit into the first sporting event
in New York City since the devas-
tation left by Hurricane Sandy. Unlike the strong backlash sur-
rounding the New York City
Marathon, which was canceled,
the city’s support of the Knicks
was demonstrated by a boister-
ous sold-out crowd of 19,003. Fans
came to embrace the return of
sports as a diversion, despite the
fact that a portion of the city re-
mained in the dark, subway lines
to Brooklyn and many parts of
Lower Manhattan remained sus-
pended and access to the Garden
was a chore.
“You’ve got to be normal,” said
Ira Kirschenbaum, who drove to
the game from Scarsdale, where
his home is without power.
“What, are you going to sit at
home in the dark with a candle?”
Chuck Clayman and his son,
Tom, felt the crowd was a bit
more somber than usual, espe-
cially for a season opener against
LeBron James and the Heat. But
he did not consider the circum-
stances of the game similar to
those of the marathon.
“To me it’s totally different,”
said Clayman, who lives in the
Lower East Side of Manhattan.
“There seems to be people out-
side, people excited.” Inside the Garden, basketball
operations proceeded without a
hitch, complete with a marching
band decked in orange-and-blue
parading through the concourses
before the game. A moment of si-
lence was held for victims of the
hurricane and forward Carmelo
Anthony addressed the crowd be-
fore the game.
“We know a lot of you out there
were deeply impacted by the
tragedy of Hurricane Sandy,” An-
thony said. “We just want to say
thank you for coming out in a
hard time, coming out and sup-
porting the New York Knicks.”
Anthony continued: “This is
the most important time for the
City of New York to come togeth-
er as one and help rebuild this
back up. So thank you, go New
The most vocal opponents to
playing the game, it seemed,
were members of the Heat, espe-
cially the star guard Dwyane
Wade. On Thursday, Wade wrote
on Twitter that he did not think
the game should be played. He
clarified,but did not retract,his
comments before the game.
“I just felt there were bigger
things to be concerned about
than us being here to play a bas-
ketball game,” Wade said. “Obvi-
ously sports is things that takes
people’s minds away from things,
but I think there’s bigger things
that need to be done in the city.”
LeBron James said he was
“kind of 50-50” whether the game
should have been canceled, un-
derstanding that some fans may
want to use the game as a dis-
traction, while others view it as
trivial in light of the hurricane’s
“I think we’re all in agreement
that getting everything situated
and back up running from the
hurricane is more important than
the basketball game,” James
said. “But there’s also people that
believe that we need this basket-
ball game for a lot of spirits and a
lot of families.”
The Heat flew into Newark
Liberty International Airport at
around 6:30 p.m. Thursday and it
took them more than three hours
to reach their hotel in Manhattan. “We were expecting it to be a
long bus ride from the airport,
and it was,” Coach Erik Spoelstra
Spoelstra said the team was
prepared if the game was post-
poned. “We were ready to go ei-
ther way,” he said. “If they want-
ed to postpone it, we would’ve
been fine with that.”
James said he was surprised to
hear the game would not be post-
“After I seen the Brooklyn
game get canceled and a lot of
subways and transportation that
allows people to get from and to
games being shut down, I
thought the game would be can-
celed,” James said. “But I’m not
in control of that. I go where the
schedule tells me to go,and I’m
here to play.”
The Knicks did not speak out
about whether to play the game. “I have no control over that,’’
Coach Mike Woodson said. “The
league decided to play the game,
and we have to play.”
Ninety minutes before tip-off,
Alban Gashi, 22, was one of the
first fans seated in the lower bowl
of the arena. He and his younger
brother, Fisler, rode the subway
down from the Bronx despite
having no heat or water at home. Wearing an Anthony jersey,
Gashi beamed about his fortune:
he had acquired the tickets at the
last minute on the online site
“It really is an escape,” Gashi
said. “It takes your mind off
things, and reminds you the
N.B.A.’s back.”
Fans Find Relief inGame
Despite Some Misgivings
Coach Mike Woodson put into the
game. Raymond Felton had 9 assists
to go with 14 points. Steve Novak
made five 3-pointers off the
bench (as a team, the Knicks
made 19 3-pointers). Even Pablo
Prigioni, the oldest N.B.A. rookie
in the last 40 years, had 3 assists.
Before the game, Woodson said
the Heat, who ousted the Knicks
with ease in the first round of the
playoffs last season, were a bet-
ter team than the one that went
on to win the title.
“They are playing now at a
much faster pace,” Woodson said.
“With the additions of Rashard
Lewis and Ray Allen, it makes
them a much, much better team.” The Knicks entered Friday’s
game unable to start the season
with their full roster. Amar’e
Stoudemire will miss at least six
weeks with a left knee injury. Be-
cause of that injury, which se-
verely limited his action in the
preseason, and with Ronnie
Brewer returning to the team
only two weeks ago, Woodson
never employed the starting line-
up he envisioned when training
camp began. Instead, he used a
different lineup for each of the
Knicks’ preseason games.
Tyson Chandler almost missed
the opener after sustaining a left
knee bruise in the first minute of
the Knicks’ last exhibition. He
was in the starting lineup Friday,
but the Knicks were far from to
the healthy team Woodson want-
ed to put on the court in the first
month of the season.
The Knicks’ organization is be-
hind Woodson, who stressed to
General Manager Glen Grunwald
in the off-season that the team
needed to surround Anthony,
Chandler and Stoudemire with
veteran players. That led to the
Knicks signing as many experi-
enced player as they could in Pri-
gioni (age 35), Marcus Camby
(38),Rasheed Wallace (38),Ja-
son Kidd (39) and Kurt Thomas
(40), the oldest player in the
league. Those moves signaled that the
Knicks were telling their fans,
and the rest of the N.B.A., that
they were pursuing a champi-
onship — a bold move given that
they were playing the Heat Fri-
day night.
The casualties of the Knicks’
change were Josh Harrellson,
Landry Fields and Jeremy Lin,
the once-seldom-used Harvard
graduate who turned into a glo-
bal icon with the Knicks last sea-
son. It was a harsh jolt in July for
Knicks fans when the team de-
clined to match the Houston
Rockets’ three-year, $25.1 million
offer sheet for Lin.
But on Friday basketball was
back at the Garden. Before the
game, Woodson made it a point to
appreciate and applaud the fans
for their support of his team. He
said he was saddened by what he
had seen of the devastation from
Hurricane Sandy. He urged his
team to do its best give the peo-
ple of New York something to
cheer about.
“This has been a tough week
for a lot of people,” Woodson said.
“We have to be open-minded and
try to be helpful to people that
are struggling to feed their fam-
ilies and have a roof over their
head. I want our players to un-
derstand and appreciate that.”
Carmelo Anthony, looking for room against the Heat defense in the second quarter, had a game-high 30 points, along with 10 rebounds, on Friday night. Anthony Sets Tone as Knicks Provide a Reason to Cheer in Their Opener
From First Sports Page
The Nets will play their first
game in the Barclays Center
on Saturday night, but how many
people will show up?
gon is crushing teams early, lead-
ing at halftime by an average
score of 36-7. The freshman quar-
terback Marcus Mariota — also
from Hawaii!—might be a Heis-
man candidate if he weren’t sip-
ping Gatorade for long stretches
of blowouts. No. 18 U.S.C.has the
athletes to run with Oregon, es-
pecially wideout Marqise Lee,
who had a hard-to-believe 345
yards receiving yards last week.
The Trojans conjured a way to
lose despite Lee’s production,
thanks largely to a lack of self-
discipline. U.S.C.has racked up
10.4 penalties per game, by far
the most in the nation, proving
that Coach Lane Kiffin brought at
least some of his experience with
the Oakland Raiders to Los Ange-
les. Only clean, precise football
can defeat Oregon, and even that
might not be enough.
LARGER GAP No. 1 Alabama leads
the nation in scoring defense,
quarterback A J McCarron is
tops in passing efficiency,and
the Tide gain more than 5 yards a
carry. Nick Saban is less a coach
and more the foreman of a ruth-
lessly efficient production line,
maximizing the number of widg-
ets that get churned out each
hour. still recovering
from the whipping the Tide put
on it in the Bowl Championship
Series title game, and while the
Tigers are still potent, especially
on defense, the gap between the
teams has widened. Hopes for an
upset ride on L.S.U.’s home-field
edge and on Les Miles’s sum-
moning enough offbeat genius to
trigger a feedback loop in the
Alabama machine — sort of like
how Captain Kirk was able to
beat Spock in 3-D chess, only the
pieces are 330-pound defensive
Oregon’s potent offense is led
by Marcus Mariota.
Kansas State’s
Collin Klein.
Oh, what might have been.
This was supposed to an epic Sat-
urday with seismic collisions be-
tween unbeaten teams in Baton
Rouge, La.,and Los Angeles. It
has not worked out that way, but
Louisiana State and Southern
California will still provide stiff
tests for the top two teams in the
(4-4) has a decent offense, but it
does not travel. Of the Panthers’
29 touchdowns, only 4 have come
on the road. That offers the star
Notre Dame linebacker Manti
Te’o an opportunity as golden as
the sunset in his native Hawaii to
burnish his Heisman credentials.
Can a linebacker win the award?
The usual skill position contend-
ers are an uninspiring bunch, and
the words “Notre Dame” still
pack a punch with voters. Speak-
ing of votes, if Te’o wins the Heis-
man and President Obama is re-
elected Tuesday, it would argu-
ably be the best year for the Alo-
ha State since Elvis Presley
filmed “Blue Hawaii” there in
Kansas State quarterback Collin
Klein remains the Heisman front-
runner, so long as the third-
ranked Wildcats remain unbeat-
en. Klein has accounted for 20
touchdowns in conference
games, and no interceptions.
Beating unranked Oklahoma
State (5-2) will not be easy.The
Cowboys have the nation’s top-
ranked offense,at 586.1 yards per
game,and give up fewer yards
per play than Kansas State,
whose defense throttled a potent
Texas Tech a week ago. Oklaho-
ma State has gone from Brandon
Weeden, who starred last season
at age 28, to two freshman quar-
terbacks, Wes Lunt and J.W.
Walsh, who together are less
than a decade older than Wee-
den. Lunt will start and will need
a sublime effort to pull off the up-
EUGENE, Ore. —Gary Camp-
bell is the longest-tenured assist-
ant coach at one university in
major college football, at least as
far as Oregon can tell. He arrived
here in 1983 with an itinerant rep-
utation, yet he has stayed, not for
one, not for two, not for 10 sea-
sons,but for 30 — three decades
spent in the same place.
This makes Campbell an anom-
aly, rarer still in the current cli-
mate. In an era when coaches
jump teams every few seasons,
when entire staffs are fired and
when loyalty is often voiced but
rarely practiced, Campbell is at
once a coach and a contradiction.
In an era of spread offenses, he
leads the nation’s third-ranked
rushing attack,and at Oregon,of
all places, in this small college
town known for track and field.
But on Saturday,Oregon plays
Southern California in Los Ange-
les, in a game filled with post-
season implications.
Over his 30 years with the uni-
versity, it changed around Camp-
bell. It added practice fields, ren-
ovated the football stadium and
partnered with Nike,and the
football program rose from pu-
trid to formidable to regular na-
tional championship contender.
The team changed coaches,and
the university changed athletic
directors. The Ducks swapped
uniforms, it seemed, every cou-
ple of weeks.
Everything changed at Ore-
gon. Except its running backs
When other assistants took
jobs elsewhere and then returned
here, they all told Campbell that
they never should have left, that
other schools in other towns
failed to compare.
“All I tell them is, ‘I knew that
in the beginning,’” Campbell
said. “My house is seven minutes
from here, and I’m not leaving. If
I wanted to, I could walk home
for lunch.”
Campbell said this in his office,
surrounded by his life’s work:
hundreds of photos of backs who
went to the N.F.L.and backs who
became coaches and teachers
and doctors, who had families
and scattered across the country
and never forgot their coach. At
61, he looks closer to 41, dresses
more like 31 and sometimes acts
like 21.
His players tease him all the
time, about the late-night radio
voice (“Coach G.C. Smooth, com-
ing to you live”); about the sound
system in his car; about all the
jewelry, the gaudy ring and the
diamond-studded watch.
Mostly, though, they take aim
at his suits. Oh, those suits.
Campbell wears the suits — all
custom-made Italian ensembles,
shipped up from Los Angeles —
on trips and on game days. At a
family reunion, he donned a
black-and-white number with
polka dots and checkers. At a re-
cent game, he went light blue,
with a matching fedora. He rarely
wears the same one twice.
“I don’t know why he hasn’t
had a story in GQ yet,” linebacker
Michael Clay said. “When he
goes blue, we know he means
business. And don’t get me start-
ed on those matching bags.”
Yet underneath all that flash, a
wardrobe more suited for Milan
than Eugene, is a man described
by his daughters and his players
as gentle, warmand charming —
a grandfather both literally and
in temperament. One running
back, LaMichael James, now
with the San Francisco 49ers,
went heavy on sentiment when
he called Campbell “the best per-
son I’ve ever met in my life.”
Acurrent back, Kenjon Barner,
said:“He’s been coaching longer
than I’ve been alive. The only
way he’s leaving is if they fire
him. And that ain’t happening.
He is the Oregon tradition.”
So why stay? For the commu-
nity, Campbell said. For the tradi-
tion, built from the ground up.
For familiarity. And for Bryan.
Yes, Bryan.
Bryan Campbell, the coach’s
son,was born with Werdnig-Hoff-
man Disease, a severe type of
spinal muscular atrophy. It left
him paralyzed from the neck
down. Doctors, Campbell said,
routinely saved Bryan from what
they called “dying spells” as an
infant. At one point, Campbell
said the doctors asked the family
if they should continue to save
the boy. They did not expect him
to live through his first birthday.
Bryan is 28 now, and he lives
with his parents, who built a
room on the first floor of their
house that can hold all his med-
ical equipment. He breathes
through a respirator and is fed
through a tube and requires 24-
hour care. He has never spoken a
The air in Eugene, with mini-
mal pollution, is good for him. So
is staying in the same place. So is
a father who decided that becom-
ing a head coach would require
too many hours spent away.
“He goes out of his way to
make Bryan feel like he doesn’t
have any limitations,” said Phillis
McKinney, one of Campbell’s
three daughters. “You can tell
that when Bryan reacts when my
dad comes into the room. His
eyes light up.”
Campbell grew up in Ennis,
Tex., his father an auto mechanic,
his mother someone who worked
at a dry cleaning business and as
a substitute teacher, who knitted
hats and remade old shoes. In
those days, segregation was still
common in much of Texas, and
Campbell helped to integrate En-
nis High School, just south of Dal-
He was at first the only black
player on the team. He set sev-
eral school records, carried the
team into the playoffs and be-
came the first black player from
his hometown to go to a Division
I university.
“It was an experience, believe
me,” Campbell said. “I got called
a lot of names.”
He landed at U.C.L.A., as a full-
back, near two siblings who lived
in Los Angeles. His new school, it
seemed, had more people than
Ennis, where the population sign
read 10,200 when he left for good.
After college Campbell worked
at his alma mater as a graduate
assistant. He went to Southern
University for two years. He
went to Howard University for a
few months. He went to Pacific
for a year. He took the job at Ore-
gon in 1983, and it rained for the
first three months, and after two
years there his friends started to
ask, “When are you leaving?”
Never, it turns out. In his office
last month, Campbell gestured at
Oregon’s sprawling football head-
quarters. The site had been a
parking lot when he first arrived
at the university. The team used
to practice on its stadium field,
the lines painted over so many
times they felt like concrete;
players lost skin every time they
The assistants shared an office
in the old basketball arena, Mac-
Arthur Court. The dungeon,
Campbell called it. He had a peg
for his jacket,a little stall,and
that was it. Yet Campbell said he
never came close to leaving.
“I remember a couple times
where it felt like a possibility,” an-
other daughter, Traci Campbell,
said. “You always knew there
was a chance. But the years went
by so fast.”
The longer Campbell stayed,
the more Oregon became known
as a destination for tailbacks, for
Reuben Droughns and Maurice
Morris, for Jonathan Stewart and
Onterrio Smith, for LeGarrette
Blount and Jeremiah Johnson
and James and Barner and
De’Anthony Thomas. In each of
the past six seasons, Oregon led
what is nowthe Pacific-12 Confer-
ence in rushing. The Ducks have
also ranked in the top six na-
tionally since 2007.
Campbell has worked for all of
three head coaches, one for each
decade of service.
“We’ve had great running back
play for 30 years,” Coach Chip
Kelly said. “Because we’ve had a
great running backs coach for 30
Over his 30-year career as the running backs coach at Oregon, Gary Campbell has helped develop several N.F.L. players.
A coach with good
reasons to make his
home permanent.
Staying Put,
And Happy
About It
Top Assistant
It started innocently. In August
2011, a Louisiana State fan who
went by the online nickname
Mike Linebacker decided that the
dynamic Tigers cornerback
Tyrann Mathieu deserved a nick-
name more befitting his fearless
style of play than Little Ball of
Hate — the one he had temporar-
ily been saddled with.
“I know he’s the Little Ball of
Hate but the similarities between
#7 and the Honey Badger are un-
canny,” Mike Linebacker wrote
on the L.S.U. message board He includ-
ed a link to a humorous faux na-
ture documentary on the honey
badger that had gone viral on
The nickname stuck,becoming
one of the more recognizable in
recent sports history, and it be-
came one more example of the
strange symbiotic relationship
that exists between college foot-
ball and the online message
boards where many of the sport’s
most zealous fans gather. If sports fandom is a culture
unto itself, then those who spend
a sizable amount of time on mes-
sage boards dedicated to their fa-
vorite teams are part of a sub-
culture. The boards, Web sites
where people essentially hold
conversations via the messages
they post, exist for all sports and
scores of teams, but they have
proven to be especially popular
among college football fans, espe-
cially the most die-hard and pe-
culiar among them.It is a free-
wheeling world in which partici-
pants are almost always anony-
mous, the messages they leave
are often not moderated, certain
users can attain a kind of re-
spected leadership status and
conversations can take place in a
dialect that can be difficult for a
neophyte to decipher. “I was a participant on a cou-
ple of different boards at one
point and I didn’t fit in with them
at all,” said Spencer Hall, the cre-
ator of the popular college foot-
ball blog Every Day Should Be
Saturday. “It was like I didn’t
even speak the same language as
they did.”
But message board sites — fre-
quently confusing, insular and
anarchic — have become incuba-
tors for wildly absurd rumor and
humor that increasingly find
their way into the mainstream. That rumor you heard about
Auburn recruits being paid under
the table via rigged slot machines
in a casino? It originated on a
message board. That Photosh-
opped image of the former Ten-
nessee and current Southern Cal-
ifornia coach Lane Kiffin as a
Chippendale dancer? From a
message board.
smelling like corn dogs? Another
message board creation.
And in the world of college
football message boards, Tiger
Droppings — launched in 2001 by
a software programmer who was
hoping to create a place where he
and his fellow buddies
could chat among themselves,
and share images and links — is
widely regarded as the king.
“I thought it’d be cool to have
my own Web site that would be a
place for me and my friends to
goof off on,’’ said Brian Fiegel,
who created Tiger Droppings us-
ing Microsoft FrontPage soft-
ware.“I had no idea it would
grow to be as big as it has.”
Fiegel — who is known as
Chicken to the regulars on his
board — said that his site regis-
tered 12 visitors in its first month.
Word soon spread,and other started visiting the
site regularly. But it was not until
early 2007 that Tiger Droppings
really began to get popular.
“What really drove a lot of traf-
fic to the site was Saban being
hired by Alabama,” Fiegel said
about the Crimson Tide hiring
Nick Saban, the former L.S.U.
coach. “That led to a lot of their
fans coming over to Tiger Drop-
pings to gloat and rub it in that
they’d stolen our old coach.”
The infusion of trash-talking
Alabama fans led Fiegel and his
brother,Brad, his partner in run-
ning the site, to create a special
forum where Alabama fans,
along with fans of other teams,
could congregate. It became so
popular that the brothers eventu-
ally made it its own site, SECrant
.com. According to Google Ana-
lytics, Tiger Droppings and SEC
Rant combined to garner over 55
million page views in the past
Tiger Droppings has become
so big that some of its more pop-
ular participants enjoy a mod-
icum of Internet fame. One is Ter-
rance Donnels,a New Orleans-
based acute care nurse with a
flair for photo manipulation. Don-
nels, known on Tiger Droppings
as LSUFreek,was recently called
an “invisible sensation dancing in
the shadows of the Internet” by
Yahoo Sports. Donnels said he was drawn to
Tiger Droppings because it com-
bined his love for college football
and the photo-editing software
Photoshop. After days of working
long hospital shifts following
Hurricane Katrina, the site be-
came an escape, a place Donnels
could go to forget the misery he
had witnessed.
“After Katrina, I was just start-
ing to hone my Photoshop skills,
and was looking for Photoshop
message boards to play around
in,” Donnels said in an e-mail.
“By chance, I came across Tiger
Droppings while looking for
some L.S.U.-related info.”
Some of the site’s Photoshop
threads have become phenomena
among message board aficiona-
dos. In addition to countless
threads in which college football
coaches, players, fans and the
news media are relentlessly
mocked,there is one in which a
seemingly naïve user posted a
picture of his mother. Tiger Drop-
pings users have since spent
roughly a year and a half Pho-
toshopping the woman into mov-
ie scenes, iconic works of art and,
naturally, less savory situations.
“It has the finest collection of
sports humorists/Photoshop art-
ists on the Web,” Donnels said of
the message board. “There are
tons of talented graphic artists
and Photoshop hobbyists from
around the country, all at an elite
level in their craft, all competing
for laughs.”
When L.S.U.and Alabama play
Saturday night, in what will argu-
ably be college football’s biggest
regular-season game for the sec-
ond straight year, there will be
plenty of trash-talking on the
field, in the stands and around
the stadium. But it will probably
pale in comparison to the trash-
talking already taking place be-
tween L.S.U.and Alabama fans
on Tiger Droppings and similar
message boards, something Don-
nels likens to “a bar fight in a
comedy club.”
No matter which team wins,
the online conversation — hilari-
ous, creative and profane — will
go on.
Brian Fiegel,’s creator, said, “I had no idea it would grow to be as big as it has.”
Anonymous and Humorous, Message Boards Feed Fans’ Passion
Saints’ Sproles Won’t Play Monday
New Orleans Saints running back and return spe-
cialist Darren Sproles had hand surgery and will
not be able to play Monday night against the Phil-
adelphia Eagles. The Saints’ interim coach, Joe
Vitt, would not say which hand was injured or
even when Sproles was hurt. Sproles will be re-
evaluated next week.
Yankees Make Offers to Free Agents
The Yankees made qualifying contract offers to
the free agents Rafael Soriano, Nick Swisher and
Hiroki Kuroda. According to the new collective
bargaining agreement, teams can make a uniform
Qualifier Advances to Paris Semifinals
Jerzy Janowicz, a qualifier, continued his remark-
able run at the Paris Masters, reaching the semi-
finals when eighth-seeded Janko Tipsarevic re-
tired while trailing, 3-6, 6-1, 4-1. Janowicz next
faces Gilles Simon in the semifinals. (AP)
Oosthuizen Leads HSBC by 5 Shots
Louis Oosthuizen shot a nine-under 63 in the
HSBC Champions in Shenzhen, China, to build a
five-shot lead over Ernie Els. Oosthuizen’s two-
round total of 16-under 128 is the lowest score to
par in any World Golf Championships event; Ti-
ger Woods had held the record. (AP)
and predetermined offer of one year at $13.3 mil-
lion, which will ensure they are compensated with
a draft pick if the player signs elsewhere. Soriano
and Swisher are expected to reject the offers and
pursue long-term deals in free agency. Only Kuro-
da has a real chance of accepting it. Kuroda’s last
two contracts were only for one year each, and
this season he made $10 million. DAVIDWALDSTEIN
Messi’s Girlfriend Gives Birth to a Boy
Lionel Messi’s girlfriend, Antonella Roccuzzo,
gave birth to a baby boy. They named the boy
Thiago. Barcelona Coach Tito Vilanova said he
still expected Messi to play in Saturday’s Spanish
home league match against Celta Vigo.
ARCADIA, Calif. — Animal King-
dom is a Kentucky Derby winner, a
horse who has shown talent by win-
ning races on dirt, turf and syn-
thetic surfaces. He is tough, too. He
fractured a hind leg in the 2011 Bel-
mont Stakes and came back seven
months later to win in Florida. In
March, when he fractured his pel-
vis, most owners and trainers would
have retired him.
Of course, he is worth something
as a stallion prospect. But his own-
ers, Team Valor International,and
his trainer,Graham Motion,let Ani-
mal Kingdom rest and heal for the
29th running of the Breeders’ Cup
races. That was not their only sur-
prising choice.
Although the $5 million Classic is
the event’s marquee race on Satur-
day, its best one this year, the Mile,
will be run an hour earlier.That is
when Animal Kingdom will line up
against some of the world’s best
horses. Among them is the Irish-
bred Excelebration (2-1), who has
won four Group 1 races in France
and Britain but is probably more fa-
mous for finishing second four
times behind the undefeated Fran-
kel,who has been proclaimed
among the best of all time.
From France comes Moonlight
Cloud (6-1), a 4-year-old filly trained
by Freddy Head,who won this race
three times with the great Goldiko-
va.Moonlight Cloud notched her
second Group 1 win as the favorite
last time out in the Prix du Moulin
de Longchamp.
And then there is Wise Dan, the
9-5 favorite and a Horse of the Year
candidate, who has won three in a
row and has been beaten only once
in five tries at a mile on grass.
It will be only the second start for
Animal Kingdom in 16 months.Be-
fore the colt was sidelined with the
pelvis injury,Motion was preparing
him for the mile-and-a-quarter Du-
bai World Cup on a synthetic sur-
face. So why choose a mile sprint on
grass over the Classic, a more tacti-
cal race on dirt and at the same dis-
tance Animal Kingdom won the
“He’s the best horse I’ve ever
trained,and at this stage of his ca-
reer, it’s a great opportunity to take
a shot at this race,” Motion said.
“He’s exceptional, and that’s why
we’re doing something that’s a little
out of the ordinary, I guess. I just
feel he’s that caliber horse.”
Before the Derby, Team Valor and
Motion appeared to be rolling the
dice as well. Animal Kingdom had
won twice on a synthetic surface,
finished second on grass, but had
never tried the dirt. It paid off:he
rolled to an emphatic two-and-
three-quarter-length victory on the
first Saturday in May.
The pelvic injury to Animal King-
dom required rest,not surgery,and
in August,when the horse returned
to training,Motion was impressed
with his growth and development
and suspected that grass might be
his best surface. Animal Kingdom
looked like a cigar boat motoring to
an easy victory at Gulfstream Park
before his injury. As summer turned
to fall, Motion watched Animal
Kingdom’s professionalism catch up
to what has always been an impos-
ing physique.
The focus here has mainly been
on his more accomplished rivals.
Excelebration does not have to
chase in the shadow of Frankel and
was dominant two weeks ago in the
Queen Elizabeth Stakes. His trainer,
Aidan O’Brien, said he had pointed
the colt to this race from the be-
ginning of the year.
“He appears to have got stronger
and faster,” O’Brien said. “I suppose
there is always the chance that two
Group 1 races in two weeks is ask-
ing too much of the horse, but he
seems in very good form.”
The favorite, Wise Dan, has been
one of the most versatile horses in
America and has made a strong
case for Horse of the Year. Besides
his grass wins, he missed a victory
by a neck in the Grade 1 Stephen
Foster Handicap on dirt.
“If he were to win this race, he
should be considered one of the best
horses, sure,” said his trainer,
Charles Lopresti. “He’d be one of
the best, not the best, but one of the
best in the world.”
The trainer of Moonlight Cloud,
Freddy Head, made it clear that An-
imal Kingdom was not on his radar.
“She has had a really good prep-
aration for this race over the past
month and a half,” he said of his filly.
“She’s had the perfect buildup, and
while I have a big respect for Wise
Dan and Excelebration, it’s possible
she is ready.”
But Motion is not backing off his
decision to try the Mile. He likes his
“Everything has gone off without
a hiccup, which is just amazing,” he
said. “I realize it’s a big undertak-
ing, but I think this horse can do
anything, I really do.”
A Derby Winner’s Resilience Will Be Tested in the Mile
Animal Kingdom, the 2011 Kentucky Derby champion, fractured his pelvis in March, but his owners and trainer think he can win again.
Here are the marquee races for the 29th running of the Breeders’ Cup world championships on Saturday at Santa Anita Park. Joe Drape made the selections in order of preference. Races on NBC Sports Network; Classic on NBC.
PURSE $2,000,000 DISTANCE: 1
1 Title Contender Bob Baffert Martin Garcia 6-1
Front-running son of Pulpit won at Santa Anita in September.
7 Capo Bastone John Sadler Joel Rosario 15-1
8 Fortify Kiaran McLaughlin Ramon Dominguez 9-2
$3,000,000 1½ MILES 6:18 P.M. EASTERN
5 Shareta Alain De Royer-Dupre Christophe Lemaire 7-2
France-based filly has two Group One victories this year.
12 Trailblazer Yasutoshi Ike Yutaka Take 6-1
3 St Nicolas Abbey Aidan O’Brien Joseph O’Brien 7-2
7 The Lumber Guy Mike Hushion John Velazquez 6-1
This 3-year-old was barely extended beating older horses in Vosburgh.
11 Amazombie Bill Spawr Mike Smith 4-1
2 Jimmy Creed Richard Mandela Garrett Gomez 6-1
5 Animal Kingdom Graham Motion Rafael Bejarano 8-1
2011 Kentucky Derby winner is on his preferred distance and surface.
9 Moonlight Cloud Freddie Head Thierry Jarnet 6-1
6 Excelebration Aidan O’Brien Joseph O’Brien 2-1
4 Fort Larned Ian Wilkes Brian Hernandez 5-1
Whitney winner will have first jump on Game On Dude
2 Flat Out Bill Mott Joel Rosario 5-1
5 Game On Dude Bob Baffert Rafael Bejarano 9-5
How the Breeders’ Cup Lines Up
Animal Kingdomwill
make his second start
in more than a year.
ARCADIA, Calif. — She made it look easy. Again.
Royal Delta hit the stretch,and there wasn’t a soul
in the grandstands of Santa Anita Park who doubted
that she was on her way to a second consecutive vic-
tory in the Breeders’ Cup Ladies Classic.
In fact, no one could doubt that this daughter of
Empire Maker was the best female horse in Amer-
ica. The Hall of Fame jockey Mike Smith certainly
thought so.
“I felt so confident all the way around there,”
Smith said. “She’s a true champion.”
So is Smith. Royal Delta’s victory gave him 16
Breeders’ Cup victories and moved him past Jerry
Bailey as the winningest jockey in the 29-year histo-
ry of the event.
Smith nudged Royal Delta into the lead entering
the backstretch and let her run her way into the
Horse of the Year conversation for 2012.
It was her ninth victory in 15 career starts and
plumped her career earnings to more than $3.8 mil-
lion. Royal Delta paid $5.40 for a $2 bet.
She ran the mile and an eighth in 1 minute 48.80
It was the fifth Ladies’ Classic victory for her
trainer,Bill Mott. It put him in position to sweep the
Ladies Classic and the Classic in consecutive years.
Last year, Mott’s Drosselmeyer followed Royal Del-
ta into the winners’ circle in the event’s marquee
Smith Guides Royal Delta to Ladies Classic Win
All Times EDT
Saturday: at D.C. United, 8 p.m.
Wednesday: at New York, 8 p.m.
Sunday: at Houston, 3:30 p.m.
Wednesday: at Kansas City, 9 p.m.
Sunday: at Los Angeles, 9 p.m.
Wednesday: at San Jose, 11 p.m.
Friday: at Seattle, 10 p.m.
Thursday: at Real Salt Lake, 9:30 p.m.
All Times EDT
No. 1 Alabama at No. 5 LSU, 8 p.m.
No. 2 Oregon at No. 18 Southern Cal, 7 p.m.
No. 3 Kansas State vs. Oklahoma St., 8 p.m.
No. 4 Notre Dame vs. Pittsburgh, 3:30 p.m.
No. 6 Ohio State vs. Illinois, 3:30 p.m.
No. 7 Georgia vs. Mississippi, 3:30 p.m.
No. 8 Florida vs. Missouri, Noon
No. 10 Clemson at Duke, 7 p.m.
No. 12 Louisville vs. Temple, Noon
No. 13 Oregon St. at Arizona St., 10:30 p.m.
No. 14 Oklahoma at Iowa St., Noon
No. 15 Stanford at Colorado, 2 p.m.
No. 16 Texas A&M at No. 17 Mississippi St., Noon
No. 19 Boise St. vs. San Diego St., 10:30 p.m.
No. 20 Texas Tech vs. Texas, 3:30 p.m.
No. 21 Nebraska at Michigan St., 3:30 p.m.
No. 22 Louisiana Tech vs. UTSA, 4 p.m.
No. 23 West Virginia vs. TCU, 3 p.m.
No. 24 Arizona at No. 25 UCLA, 10:30 p.m. TRANSACTIONS
Suspended Baltimore SS Ryan Adams for the first 25 games of next season after testing positive for a banned amphetamine.
American League
YANKEES—Made qualifying offers to RHP Hiroki Kuroda, RHP Rafael Soriano and OF Nick Swisher.
BALTIMORE ORIOLES—Claimed Alexi Casilla off waivers from Minnesota. Sent OF Lew Ford, INF Steve Tolleson and LHP Zach Phillips outright to Norfolk (IL). Reinstated RHP Oliver Drake, RHP Stu Pomeranz, LHP Tsuyoshi Wada, INF Brian Roberts and OF Nolan Reimold from the 60-day DL.
CHICAGO WHITE SOX—Promoted Buddy Bell to vice president/assistant general manager.
CLEVELAND INDIANS—Activated RHP Carlos Carrasco, LHP Rafael Perez and RHP Josh Tomlin from the 60-day DL. Claimed RHP Blake Wood off waivers from Kansas City.
KANSAS CITY ROYALS—Promoted Rene Francisco to assistant general manager-
international operations, Scott Sharp to director of player development and Kyle Vena to assistant director of player development. Reinstated LHP Danny Duffy and RHP Felipe Paulino from the 60-day DL. Claimed RHP Guillermo Moscoso from Colorado and C Brett Hayes from Miami. Assigned C Manuel Pina outright to Omaha (PCL). Designated LHP Tommy Hottovy, RHP Jeremy Jeffress and OF Jason Bourgeois for assignment.
MINNESOTA TWINS—Claimed INF Tommy Field and RHP Josh Roenicke off waivers from Colorado. Assigned Samuel Deduno outright to Rochester (IL).
TEXAS RANGERS—Made a qualifying offer to OF Josh Hamilton. Declined the 2013 contract option on C Mike Napoli.
National League
METS—Announced C Mike Nickeas cleared waivers and sent outright to Las Vegas (PCL).
CHICAGO CUBS—Claimed RHP Zach Putnam off waivers from Colorado.
COLORADO ROCKIES—Assigned RHP Carlos Torres outright to Colorado Springs (PCL). Reinstated INF Todd Helton, RHP Christian Friedrich and RHP Juan Nicasio from the 60-
day DL. Selected the contract of RHP Josh Sullivan from Tulsa (Texas).
MILWAUKEE BREWERS—Claimed RHP Arcenio Leon off waivers from Houston. Sent 1B Travis Ishikawa outright to Nashville (PCL). Announced RHP Kameron Loe and OF Nyjer Morgan declined outright assignments to Nashville and elected free agency.
East W L T Pct PF PA
N. England 5 3 0 .625 262 170
Miami 4 3 0 .571 150 126
Buffalo 3 4 0 .429 171 227
Jets 3 5 0 .375 168 200
South W L T Pct PF PA
Houston 6 1 0 .857 216 128
Indianapolis 4 3 0 .571 136 171
Tennessee 3 5 0 .375 162 257
Jacksonville 1 6 0 .143 103 188
North W L T Pct PF PA
Baltimore 5 2 0 .714 174 161
Pittsburgh 4 3 0 .571 167 144
Cincinnati 3 4 0 .429 166 187
Cleveland 2 6 0 .250 154 186
West W L T Pct PF PA
Denver 4 3 0 .571 204 152
San Diego 4 4 0 .500 185 157
Oakland 3 4 0 .429 139 187
Kansas City 1 7 0 .125 133 240
East W L T Pct PF PA
Giants 6 2 0 .750 234 161
Phila. 3 4 0 .429 120 155
Dallas 3 4 0 .429 137 162
Washington 3 5 0 .375 213 227
South W L T Pct PF PA
Atlanta 7 0 0 1.000 201 130
Tampa Bay 3 4 0 .429 184 153
New Orleans 2 5 0 .286 190 216
Carolina 1 6 0 .143 128 167
North W L T Pct PF PA
Chicago 6 1 0 .857 185 100
Minnesota 5 3 0 .625 184 167
Green Bay 5 3 0 .625 208 170
Detroit 3 4 0 .429 161 174
West W L T Pct PF PA
San Fran. 6 2 0 .750 189 103
Arizona 4 4 0 .500 127 142
Seattle 4 4 0 .500 140 134
St. Louis 3 5 0 .375 137 186
THURSDAY San Diego 31, Kansas City 13
SUNDAY Pittsburgh at Giants, 4:25
Arizona at Green Bay, 1
Chicago at Tennessee, 1
Buffalo at Houston, 1
Carolina at Washington, 1
Detroit at Jacksonville, 1
Denver at Cincinnati, 1
Baltimore at Cleveland, 1
Miami at Indianapolis, 1
Minnesota at Seattle, 4:05
Tampa Bay at Oakland, 4:05
Dallas at Atlanta, 8:20
Open: Jets, New England, San Francisco, St. Louis
MONDAY Philadelphia at New Orleans, 8:30
Atlantic W L Pct GB
Philadelphia 1 0 1.000 —
Brooklyn 0 0 .000 {
Knicks 0 0 .000 {
Boston 0 1 .000 1
Toronto 0 1 .000 1
Southeast W L Pct GB
Miami 1 0 1.000 —
Atlanta 0 0 .000 {
Charlotte 0 0 .000 {
Orlando 0 0 .000 {
Washington 0 1 .000 1
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 1 0 1.000 —
Cleveland 1 0 1.000 —
Indiana 1 0 1.000 —
Milwaukee 0 0 .000 {
Detroit 0 1 .000 1
Southwest W L Pct GB
San Antonio 2 0 1.000 —
Houston 1 0 1.000 {
Dallas 1 1 .500 1
Memphis 0 1 .000 1
New Orleans 0 1 .000 1
Northwest W L Pct GB
Portland 1 0 1.000 —
Utah 1 0 1.000 —
Minnesota 0 0 .000 {
Denver 0 1 .000 1
Oklahoma City 0 1 .000 1
Pacific W L Pct GB
Golden State 1 0 1.000 —
L.A. Clippers 1 0 1.000 —
Phoenix 0 1 .000 1
Sacramento 0 1 .000 1
L.A. Lakers 0 2 .000 1
Miami at Knicks
Indiana at Charlotte
Denver at Orlando
Milwaukee at Boston
Houston at Atlanta
Chicago at Cleveland
Sacramento at Minnesota
Utah at New Orleans
Portland at Oklahoma City
Detroit at Phoenix
Memphis at Golden State
L.A. Clippers at L.A. Lakers
Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy
Singles Quarterfinals
Gilles Simon, France, d. Tomas Berdych (5), Czech Republic, 6-4, 6-4. Jerzy Janowicz, Poland, d. Janko Tipsarevic (8), Serbia, 3-6, 6-1, 4-1 retired. David Ferrer (4), Spain, d. Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (6), France, 6-2, 7-5. Michael Llodra, France, d. Sam Querrey, United States, 7-6 (4), 6-3.
Mission Hills Golf Club, Olazabal Course
Purse: $7 million
Yardage: 7,301; Par: 72
Second Round
Louis Oosthuizen. . . . . . .65-63—128 -16
Adam Scott . . . . . . . . . .65-68—133 -11
Ernie Els . . . . . . . . . . . .70-63—133 -11
Shane Lowry. . . . . . . . . .66-68—134 -10
Jason Dufner . . . . . . . . .68-66—134 -10
Phil Mickelson. . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -9
Dustin Johnson. . . . . . . .67-68—135 -9
Scott Piercy . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8
Thorbjorn Olesen. . . . . . .71-65—136 -8
Bill Haas . . . . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -8
Luke Donald. . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -8
Prom Meesawat. . . . . . . .67-70—137 -7
Martin Kaymer. . . . . . . . .68-69—137 -7
Ian Poulter. . . . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -7
Lee Westwood . . . . . . . .70-67—137 -7
Peter Hanson . . . . . . . . .66-71—137 -7
Thongchai Jaidee. . . . . . .70-68—138 -6
Ashun Wu. . . . . . . . . . . .68-70—138 -6
Gonzalo Fdez-Castano . . .71-67—138 -6
Carl Pettersson. . . . . . . .70-68—138 -6
Bubba Watson . . . . . . . .66-72—138 -6
Keegan Bradley. . . . . . . .71-68—139 -5
Ik-Jae Jang. . . . . . . . . . .68-71—139 -5
Short Program
1. Daisuke Takahashi, Japan, 84.79 points.
2. Tatsuki Machida, Japan, 83.48.
3. Sergei Voronov, Russia, 73,58.
4. Adam Rippon, United States, 71.81.
5. Nan Song, China, 70.86.
1. Julia Lipnitskaia, Russia, 63.06.
2. Mao Asada, Japan, 62.89.
3. Mirai Nagasu, United States, 59.76.
4. Kiira Korpi, Finland, 59.69.
5. Zijun Li, China, 59.21.
STEELERS: OUT: T Marcus Gilbert (ankle), S Troy Polamalu (calf), LB Stevenson Sylvester (hamstring). DOUBTFUL: RB Jonathan Dwyer (quadriceps), RB Rashard Mendenhall (Achilles). PROBABLE: RB Baron Batch (shin), S Ryan Clark (concussion), LB Brandon Johnson (hamstring), RB Isaac Redman (ankle), LB LaMarr Woodley (hamstring). GIANTS: OUT: LB Chase Blackburn (hamstring), LB Jacquian Williams (knee). DOUBTFUL: LB Keith Rivers (calf). QUESTIONABLE: RB Ahmad Bradshaw (foot), TE Bear Pascoe (ankle), S Kenny Phillips (knee). PROBABLE: C David Baas (ankle, elbow), DT Rocky Bernard (quadriceps), WR Victor Cruz (calf), S Antrel Rolle (concussion).
CHARLES SCHWAB CUP Desert Mountain Club, Cochise Course
Purse: $2.5 million
Yardage: 6,929; Par: 70
Second Round
Jay Haas. . . . . . . . . . . .66-60—126 -14
Tom Lehman. . . . . . . . . .68-63—131 -9
Fred Couples . . . . . . . . .66-66—132 -8
Olin Browne . . . . . . . . . .66-67—133 -7
David Frost. . . . . . . . . . .70-64—134 -6
Bernhard Langer . . . . . . .69-65—134 -6
Mark Calcavecchia. . . . . .68-66—134 -6
John Cook. . . . . . . . . . .71-64—135 -5
Michael Allen . . . . . . . . .69-66—135 -5
Brad Bryant . . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -5
Kirk Triplett. . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -5
Corey Pavin . . . . . . . . . .67-68—135 -5
Jay Don Blake. . . . . . . . .64-71—135 -5
Santa Anita Park
4th—$500,000, stk, 2YO, 6f, clear.
Breeders' Cup Juvenile Sprint
1 (1) Hightail (R.Maragh) 32.80 7.20 3.40
3 (3) Merit Man (P.Valenzuela) . . 2.40 2.10
7 (5) Sweet Shirley Mae (J.Rosario) . .2.40
Off 1:11. Time 1:09.75. 5th—$500,000, stk, 3YO up, 13/4mi, clear.
Breeders' Cup Marathon
6 (6) Calidoscopio (A.Gryder) 36.40 16.00 9.60
4 (4) Grassy (G.Gomez) . . . . . .12.40 7.60
1 (1) Atigun (M.Smith) . . . . . . . . . . .3.40
Off 1:52. Time 2:57.25. 6th—$1,000,000, stk, 2YO F, 1mi, tf., clear.
Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf
4 (4) Flotilla (C.Lemaire) 24.80 10.80 7.80
6 (6) Watsdachances (J.Castellano) 6.40 5.40
2 (2) Summer of Fun (R.Dominguez) 19.40
Off 2:35. Time 1:34.64. 7th—$2,000,000, stk, 2YO F, 1 1/16mi, clear.
Grey Goose Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies
1 (1) Beholder (G.Gomez) 9.80 4.60 3.00
2 (2) Executiveprivilege (R.Bejarano) 3.40 2.40
5 (5) Dreaming of Julia (J.Velazquez) .3.20
Off 3:11. Time 1:43.61. 8th—$2,000,000, stk, 3YO up F&M, 11/4mi, tf., clear.
Breeders' Cup Filly and Mare Turf
2 (2) Zagora (J.Castellano) 20.40 7.80 5.00
9 (8) Marketing Mix (G.Gomez). . 6.00 3.80
4 (4) The Fugue (W.Buick) . . . . . . . .2.80
9th—$2,000,000, stk, 3YO up F&M, 11/8mi, clear.
Breeders' Cup Ladies' Classic
6 (6) Royal Delta (M.Smith) 5.40 3.60 2.60
2 (2) My Miss Aurelia (C.Nakatani) 5.80 4.00
7 (7) Include Me Out (J.Talamo) . . . .5.20
Off 4:38. Time 1:48.80. Fast.
(c) 2012 Equibase Company LLC
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