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The New York Times - Saturday, August 18, 2012

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VOL.CLXI..No. 55,867
©2012 The New York Times
NEWYORK,SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Late Edition
Today, clouds, sun, showers, thun-
derstorm, cooler, high near 80. To-
night, partly cloudy, low 65. Tomor-
row, clouds and sun, high 80.
Weather map appears on Page D8.
$2.50
U(D54G1D)y+%![!.!#!?
By MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM Even by the standards of Capi-
tol Hill, where ambitious and
awkward young people are
thrust together in cramped work-
places and crowded bars, the
nuptial output of Senator Charles
E. Schumer’s office stands out.
Schumer staff members, put
simply, like to marry each other.
There have been 10 weddings so
far, and two more scheduled this
fall — an average of nearly one
“Schumer Marriage” (his term)
for each year he has spent in the
Senate.
Cupid’s arrow lands where it
will, but many of the couples say
that Mr. Schumer, a New York
Democrat, has an unusual knack
for guiding its journey. He keeps
close track of office romances,
quotes marriage-friendly Scrip-
ture (“God to man: be fruitful
and multiply”), and is known to
cajole, nag, and outright pester
his staff (at least those he per-
ceives as receptive to such pes-
tering) toward connubial bliss.
Forget Master of the Senate.
This is the Yenta of the Senate.
“What’s the holdup?” the sena-
tor asks couples who are dillydal-
lying on an engagement. “Did
you get a ring yet?” Other could-
be-marrieds receive a simple in-
struction: “Get moving!”
“He would just keep saying,
‘Let’s go already,’” recalled Sean
Sweeney, a top Democratic strat-
egist who began dating the wom-
an who would become his wife
when they were on Mr. Schu-
mer’s staff in 1999. When he pro-
posed, the senator reacted “like a
sportscaster,” Mr. Sweeney said.
“‘Goooooal!’”
The encouragement rarely
stops at the altar. Mr. Schumer is
described by aides as a fabulous
wedding guest, quick to request a
Jefferson Starship song from the
D.J. and eager to dance with the
bride. And his focus, like many a
politician’s, never strays far from
his legacy: first comes Schumer Senator, Senator, Make Me a Match: For Staff, Schumer Is Cupid
Continued on Page A3
By ANNIE LOWREY
WASHINGTON — With the de-
bate over the federal deficit roil-
ing last year, David Smick, a fi-
nancial market consultant, held a
dinner for a bipartisan group of
connected budget thinkers at his
expansive home here.
At the table were members of
the city’s conservative policy
elite,including Alan Greenspan,
the former chairman of the Fed-
eral Reserve, and William Kris-
tol, the editor of The Weekly
Standard. But that evening, none drew
more attention than a relatively
new member of that best-of
class: Representative Paul D.
Ryan, Republican of Wisconsin
and now Mitt Romney’s running
mate, who spoke passionately
about the threat posed by the na-
tional debt and the radical ac-
tions needed to rein it in.
“I thought,‘This is the one guy
in Washington paying attention,’”
said Niall Ferguson, the Harvard
economic historian and commen-
tator, who spent some of the rest
of that evening, along with Mr.
Kristol, trying to persuade Mr.
Ryan to run for president.
Much has been written about
Mr. Ryan’s intellectual influ-
ences:canonical conservative
thinkers like Friedrich von
Hayek, the Austrian economist,
and Ayn Rand, the novelist and
philosopher. Mr. Ryan’s enthusi-
asm for them dates at least to his
days as a precocious undergradu-
ate at Miami University in Ohio. But since first coming to Wash-
ington in the early 1990s, Mr.
Ryan has been closely tied to an
intellectual world more con-
cerned with the political agenda Conservative Elite in Capital
Pay Heed to Ryan as Thinker
Continued on Page A12
Hudson River Park officials are consid-
ering shutting down Pier 40 because it
has become a financial drain. PAGE A15
NEW YORK A14-17
West Side Pier in Jeopardy
By DAVID M. HERSZENHORN
MOSCOW — Three young
women who staged an anti-Putin
stunt in Moscow’s main Ortho-
dox cathedral, and whose jailing
became a cause célèbre champi-
oned by artists around the world,
were convicted of hooliganism on
Friday and sentenced to two
years in a penal colony. In the most high-profile rights
case here in years, the impris-
onment and trial of the women,
members of a punk band called
Pussy Riot, drew worldwide con-
demnation of constraints on polit-
ical speech in Russia. Rallies in
support of them were held in doz-
ens of cities around the world on
Friday, including Paris, New
York and London, where demon-
strators appeared outside the
Russian Embassy wearing bala-
clavas, the band’s trademark
headgear. Human rights groups and
Western governments, including
the United States, immediately
criticized the verdict as unjust
and the sentence as unduly se-
vere. Because the women acted
as a group, they had faced a max-
imum sentence of seven years in
prison. Prosecutors had urged a
three-year sentence. The stiff
punishment was handed down by
a Moscow judge, Marina Syrova,
who described the women as pos-
ing a danger to society and said
they had committed “grave
crimes” including “the insult and
humiliation of the Christian faith
and inciting religious hatred.” As word of the sentences
spread, a crowd of protesters out-
side the courthouse howled an-
grily, and then seemed to fall into
a stunned silence. Sporadic pro-
tests and violent arrests contin-
ued throughout the evening.
While the courtroom emptied,
the three women were left in
their glass enclosure, nicknamed
the aquarium,and photographers
were allowed to take pictures. As
she was finally led away, the
most outspoken of the three,
Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, said,
“We are happy because we
brought the revolution closer!” A
police officer snapped back,
“Well done.” Lawyers for the women said
they intended to appeal the deci-
sion.
ANTI-PUTIN STUNT
EARNS PUNK BAND
TWO YEARS IN JAIL
RUSSIAN CULTURE CLASH
Trial of Three Women
Put Intense Focus on
Free Speech Continued on Page A8
MAXIM SHIPENKOV/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Band members in their Moscow courtroom enclosure, nicknamed the “aquarium,” after the verdict was delivered on Friday.
By CHARLIE SAVAGE
WASHINGTON — President
Obama is set to end his term with
dozens fewer lower-court ap-
pointments than both Presidents
Bill Clinton and George W. Bush
achieved in their first four years,
and probably with less of a last-
ing ideological imprint on the ju-
diciary than many liberals had
hoped for and conservatives had
feared.
Mr. Obama’s record stems in
part from a decision at the start
of his presidency to make judicial
nominations a lower political pri-
ority, according to documents
and interviews with more than a
dozen current and former admin-
istration officials and with court
watchers from across the politi-
cal spectrum. Senate Republi-
cans also played a role, ratchet-
ing up partisan warfare over
judges that has been escalating
for the past generation by de-
laying even uncontroversial
picks who would have been
quickly approved in the past.
But a good portion of Mr. Oba-
ma’s judicial record stems from a
deliberate strategy. While Mr. Obama Limits
Lasting Stamp
On the Courts
Continued on Page A11
By JIM YARDLEY
BRAJAKHAL, India — Like a
fever, fear has spread across In-
dia this week, from big cities like
Bangalore to smaller places like
Mysore, a contagion fueling a
message: Run. Head home. Flee.
And that is what thousands of mi-
grants from the country’s distant
northeastern states are doing,
jamming into train stations in an
exodus challenging the Indian
ideals of tolerance and diversity.
What began as an isolated
communal conflict here in the re-
mote state of Assam, a vicious if
obscure fight over land and pow-
er between Muslims and the in-
digenous Bodo tribe, has unex-
pectedly set off widespread panic
among northeastern migrants
who had moved to more prosper-
ous cities for a piece of India’s
rising affluence. A swirl of unfounded rumors,
spread by text messages and so-
cial media, had warned of attacks
by Muslims against northeastern
migrants, prompting the panic
and the exodus. Indian leaders,
deeply alarmed, have pleaded for
calm, and Prime Minister Man-
mohan Singh appeared in Parlia-
ment on Friday to denounce the
rumor mongering and offer re-
assurance to northeastern mi-
grants.
“What is at stake is the unity
and integrity of our country,” Mr.
Singh said. “What is at stake is
communal harmony.”
The hysteria in several of the
country’s most advanced urban
centers has underscored the
deep roots of ethnic tensions in
India, where communal conflict
is usually simplified as Hindu
versus Muslim,yet is often far
more complex. For decades, Indi-
an leaders have mostly managed
to isolate and triangulate region-
al ethnic conflicts, if not always
resolve them, but the public pan-
ic this week is a testament to how
the old strategies may be less ef-
fective in an information age.
Last week, the central govern-
ment started moving to stabilize
Assam, where at least 78 people
have been killed and more than Panic Seizes India as a Region’s Strife Radiates
JAGADEESH NV/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
Migrants in Bangalore trying to board a train home to India’s distant northeast on Thursday. Continued on Page A7
Migrants Flee Cities
Amid Rumors of
Ethnic Violence
By AL BAKER
Nearly half of New York City
teachers reaching the end of their
probations were denied tenure
this year, the Education Depart-
ment said on Friday, marking the
culmination of years of efforts to-
ward Mayor Michael R. Bloom-
berg’s goal to end “tenure as we
know it.”
Only 55 percent of eligible
teachers, having worked for at
least three years, earned tenure
in 2012, compared with 97 percent
in 2007.
An additional 42 percent this
year were kept on probation for
another year, and 3 percent were
denied tenure and fired. Of those
whose probations were extended
last year, fewer than half won
tenure this year, a third were giv-
en yet another year to prove
themselves, and 16 percent were
denied tenure or resigned.
The totals reflect a reversal in
the way tenure is granted not
only in New York City but around
the country. While tenure was
once considered nearly automat-
ic, it has now become something
teachers have to earn.
A combination of factors — the
education reform movement,
slow economies that have
pinched spending for new teach-
ers, and federal grant competi-
tions like Race to the Top that en-
courage states to change their
policies — have led lawmakers to
tighten the requirements not only
for earning tenure, but for keep-
ing it.
Idaho last year did away with
tenure entirely by passing a law
giving newly hired teachers no
expectation of a contract renewal
from one year to the next. In
Florida, all newly hired teachers
now must earn an annual con-
tract, with renewals based upon
their performance.
Last month in New Jersey,
Gov. Chris Christie signed legis-
lation overhauling the nation’s
oldest tenure law and making it
easier for teachers to be fired for
poor performance.
“There has been a sea change
in what’s been happening with
the teacher tenure laws,” said
Kathy Christie, a senior official
with the Education Commission
of the States, a policy organiza-
tion funded by state fees and
grants. “In 2011 there were 18
state legislatures that addressed
some component of teacher ten-
ure and many of them in a signif-
icant way, and that is enormous.”
In New York City and many
other districts, tenure decisions
are increasingly based on how
the teachers’ students score on
standardized tests, as well as
mandatory classroom observa-
tions by principals or other ad-
ministrators. “It is an important movement
because what we know is that IN POLICY SHIFT,
FEWER TEACHERS
ARE GIVEN TENURE
TREND IN CITY AND U.S.
Once Nearly Automatic,
Status Now Hinges
on Performance
Continued on Page A3
Gail Collins
PAGE A19
EDITORIAL, OP-ED A18-19
Machinists,ignoring their leaders’ rec-
ommendation, accepted a new contract
that few of them like. PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY B1-7
Pact Ends Caterpillar Strike
A horse that recently tested positive for
a painkiller broke down and was eutha-
nized at a New Mexico track.
PAGE D1
SPORTSSATURDAY D1-8
Positive Test and a Breakdown
Freed a year ago, three men long im-
prisoned for the killings of three Arkan-
sas boys are little more than acquaint-
ances in a world of possibilities. PAGE A9
NATIONAL A9-13 Separate Paths After Freedom
After a decade of
Harry Potter
movies and a de-
tour to Brown
and Oxford,
Emma Watson is back with a new bag of
tricks. T: THE TIMES STYLE MAGAZINE
THIS WEEKEND
Returning
To the Screen
Two Special Forces members were shot
to death by a new Afghan local police re-
cruit they were training. PAGE A8
Afghan Recruit Kills Americans
Investigators are looking into Deutsche
Bank and other institutions. PAGE B1
Inquiry on Money Laundering
The downward spiral in shares of Face-
book signals social media’s return to re-
ality, James B. Stewart writes. PAGE B1
BUSINESS DAY End to Social Media Bubble
Rebels advanced near the airport in
Syria’s commercial capital, Aleppo, as
another envoy was chosen to work to-
ward a settlement in the war. PAGE A8
INTERNATIONAL A4-8 Syria Rebels Approach Airport
Nintendo’s New
Super Mario Bros.
2, starring one of
gaming’s great he-
roes, right, con-
tains the elements
of what makes a
great video game last. A review. PAGE C1
ARTS C1-8
Mario’s Still
On the Case
The choice of moderators for the politi-
cal debates gave rise to complaints over
lack of diversity. PAGE A11
Debating the Debate Choices
A2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Errors and Comments:
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Inside The Times
INTERNATIONAL
With Sanctions Looming,
Iranians Trade for Dollars
With American and European sanc-
tions spurring a currency crisis in
Iran, officials say a growing number
of Iranians are packing trucks with
devalued rials and heading to the
freewheeling currency market next
door in American-occupied Afghani-
stan to trade for dollars. PAGE A4 Toll Rises in South Africa
The police commissioner of South
Africa said 34 people were killed and
78 wounded in what she described
as a struggle by the police to contain
a crowd of thousands of protesting
miners. PAGE A4 Air France Passes the Hat
Passengers on an Air France flight
to Beirut, Lebanon, had two sur-
prises on board: a stop in Damas-
cus, and a request for cash to help
pay refueling costs. PAGE A4 Heated Remarks in Iran
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
of Iran fanned the flames of confron-
tation with Israel on the annual Ira-
nian holiday that calls for the Pales-
tinian reclamation of Jerusalem
from Israel’s control. PAGE A6 NATIONAL
Prosecutors Drop
Case Against Clinic
The first criminal prosecution of
Planned Parenthood came to an
abrupt end when Kansas prosecu-
tors dropped all charges against a
local affiliate accused of failing to
determine the viability of fetuses be-
fore abortions were performed.
PAGE A9 Beauty Amid Desolation
While traditional graffiti may often
be seen as a sign of urban decay,
Living Walls, an Atlanta-based
project,aims to empower, inspire
and beautify. It gives 28 artists
spaces to create murals in reces-
sion-hit areas. PAGE A9 NEW YORK
Savoring the Illicit Thrill
Of Drinking Outside
Stoop drinking. There may be no
more archetypal after-dark pastime
in the five boroughs of New York in
summer. And while it is technically
illegal, as stoops can be seen from
the street, it persists.
Summer Nights. PAGE A14 BUSINESS
Stock Market Closes Up
For Sixth Straight Week
Stocks approached their highest lev-
els of the year despite the lack of
any major improvement in the econ-
omy, closing out their sixth straight
positive week. PAGE B1 A Letdown for Investors
Potential was supposed to be bound-
less for the top brands in social me-
dia, but growth has failed to live up
to investors’ expectations. Common
Sense, James B. Stewart. PAGE B1 Shell Granted Approval
Shell is confident it will get final ap-
proval from regulators to begin drill-
ing for oil off the Alaskan coast this
year, despite embarrassing delays
and equipment problems. PAGE B2 SPORTS
Soccer to Reclaim
Spotlight in England
It takes something as major as the
Olympics for England to forget
about soccer, but after a summer off,
the English Premier League is back
to reclaim its title as the sporting
spectacle of note. PAGE D6
ARTS
Two Films on Picasso,
Highlight Different Eras
Two events in Picasso’s life, a quar-
ter of a century apart, are at the
heart of new movies by two of
Spain’s veteran directors: “33 Días”
will focus on the artist’s painting of
“Guernica,” and “La Banda Picas-
so” is about Picasso’s entanglement
in the stunning theft of the Mona
Lisa from the Louvre in Paris in 1911.
PAGE C1 Hilary Kole at 54 Below
Hilary Kole mixes cabaret, jazz and
pop, and sings originals and works
by Elvis Costello, Stevie Nicks and
George Michael, in a set at 54 Below,
Stephen Holden writes. PAGE C6 FRONT PAGE
An article on Friday about the
United States’ growing imports
of Saudi Arabian oil misstated the
average number of barrels of
Saudi crude imported daily in the
first five months of last year, ac-
cording to Energy Department
estimates. It was 1.15 million bar-
rels, not 1.15 million billion bar-
rels.
NATIONAL
An article on Monday about
Brig. Gen. Tammy S. Smith, the
first openly gay military officer of
flag rank, misstated the year she
and her partner were married. It
was this year, in March — not
2011.
SPORTS
An Associated Press report in
the Sports Briefing column on
Thursday about victories by
Novak Djokovic and Andy Mur-
ray in their opening matches at
the Western & Southern Open re-
ferred incorrectly to Djokovic’s
performance at the London
Olympics. He played for the
bronze medal, but did not win it.
(He lost to Juan Martín del
Potro.)
Because of an editing error, the
On Baseball column on Thursday
about San Francisco Giants out-
fielder Melky Cabrera’s being
suspended 50 games after testing
positive for testosterone misstat-
ed the time frame when Barry
Bonds, Roger Clemens and Sam-
my Sosa will appear on the Hall
of Fame ballot. It is this winter;
they were not on the ballot last
winter. WEEKEND
A summer “Hot List” recom-
mendation on June 22 about the
Burning Man festival in Nevada
Aug. 27-Sept. 3 misstated the sur-
name of a founder of the festival.
He is Larry Harvey, not Evans. It
also referred incompletely to
ticket prices (the event is now
sold out). They ranged from $240
to $420, with some “low-income”
tickets at $160; they were not all
$420. And it also misstated the at-
tendance cap. It is 60,900, not
50,000. (The errors were pointed
out in an e-mail to The Times this
week from the festival’s public
relations manager; previous
e-mails she sent went astray.)
A film review on Friday about
“Beloved” misstated a word in a
lyric that a character sings to her
beloved. The lyric begins “I can
live without you,” not “I can’t live
without you.”
A film review on Friday about
“Cosmopolis” misidentified the
job held by the character Shiner,
who is played by Jay Baruchel.
He is Eric Packer’s chief of tech-
nology, not his head of security.
(Torval, played by Kevin Durand,
is the head of security.)
T: WOMEN
A picture caption on Page 134
this weekend for a Céline bag,
one of several new handbags this
season, misstates the option for
purchasing the $2,100 bag. It is
available at Barneys New York,
but not through barneys.com.
An article on Page 148 this
weekend about luxury brands in
Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan,
misidentifies the capital of Ka-
zakhstan. It is Astana — not
Almaty, which was the capital un-
til 1997.
Corrections
‘‘
If we go back and
they attack us again, who
will save us? I have visited
my home. There is nothing
left.
’’
SUBLA MUSHARY,
who is living with her two teen-
age daughters in a refugee
camp after ethnic violence in
the state of Assam in India.
[A7]
QUOTATION OF THE DAY
OP-ED
Joe Nocera PAGE A19
Charles M. Blow PAGE A19
Bridge
C4 Crossword
C6 Obituaries
B8 TV Listings
C8
Weather
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
The Downtown Dance Festival featured a variety of styles and themes, including a tribute to
Woody Guthrie. Above, Buglisi Dance Theatre performers in “This Is Forever.” ARTS, PAGE C1
PAULA LOBO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
SLIDE SHOWA tide of fear has
swept across India as migrants in in
the country’s cities have fled amid
unfounded rumors that Muslims
were planning attacks. nytimes.com/world
ONLINE
Ø
N
A3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
when schools improve, a lot of the
improvement relates back to hav-
ing really strong teachers organ-
ized around a common vision,”
said Shael Polakow-Suransky, the
city Education Department’s
chief academic officer. “I think
New York City has some of the
best teachers in the country. It is
a good place. People want to be
here. So we are very fortunate.
But we also want to keep pushing
them, just like we want to keep
pushing our kids.”
Tenure does not afford any ad-
vantages in pay or job assign-
ments, or guarantee permanent
employment. Its most important
benefit is to grant teachers cer-
tain protections against dismissal
without justification, including
the right to a hearing before an
arbitrator. Teachers and their un-
ions embrace tenure as an im-
portant defense against indis-
criminate or politically tinged
hiring and firing. Michael Mulgrew, president of
the United Federation of Teach-
ers, the city teacher’s union, said
that he had always supported a
“rigorous but fair” process of
granting tenure. But, he said,
large numbers of teachers were
quitting the profession early in
their careers, a sign that the city
had not yet figured out how to
help them succeed. According to the union, of the
5,231 teachers hired in the 2008-9
school year, nearly 30 percent
had quit by the end of their third
years. There are roughly 75,000
teachers in New York City
schools, the nation’s largest pub-
lic school system.
“If New York City hopes to
have a great school system, it will
need to come up with better
methods of helping teachers de-
velop, not only at the beginning
but throughout their careers,”
Mr. Mulgrew said.
Mr. Polakow-Suransky said it
was not uncommon in the United
States for teachers to leave the
profession in the first few years,
when things are the toughest. Ev-
ery new teacher in New York re-
ceives mentoring in the first year,
as a “support system,” he said.
“But if someone is not making it,
and not happy, or the principal
says, ‘You are not cut out for this,’
it is likely that they move on to
something else, and that is not a
bad thing,” he said.
Joel I. Klein, the former
schools chancellor, began nudg-
ing principals several years ago
to judge teachers more critically
when deciding on tenure, and the
percentage of denials slowly
rose. But in 2010, when the mayor
set about “ending tenure as we
know it so that tenure is awarded
for performance, not taken for
granted,” 89 percent of teachers
were still receiving it after their
three-year probations ended. The city’s Education Depart-
ment now has a team that trains
principals in gathering the kind
of evidence needed to assess a
teacher’s skills. It also developed
a rubric in which teachers were
rated on a four-point scale in each
of three categories: the teacher’s
practice, based in part on class-
room observations; students’
learning, which is judged largely
on test score improvement; and
the contributions the teacher
makes to the school community.
In each of those, teachers re-
ceive a rating of highly effective,
effective, developing or ineffec-
tive, officials said. There is no
hard rule on how many “effec-
tives” or “highly effectives” are
needed to gain tenure, which
2,186 teachers earned this year. The new system began to take
full effect last year, when only 58
percent of teachers gained tenure
after three years, and an addi-
tional 39 percent had their proba-
tions extended. There is no limit
to the number of years the city
can extend a teacher’s probation,
though officials of the Education
Department and the union said
they had not heard of any teacher
receiving more than three exten-
sions. One special education teacher
in Queens who was given a sec-
ond one-year extension this year
said that school officials cited im-
provements she needed to make
but were short on details of what
criticisms her principal had. “No
specifics were ever given,” said
the teacher, who spoke on the
condition of anonymity for fear of
retaliation.
Also, she said, the new tenure
evaluations were dividing teach-
ers and lowering morale, with
some newer teachers feeling pun-
ished for the smattering of more
experienced ones they saw as us-
ing tenure as a “safety net,” but
putting forth less effort in the
profession.“The bigger picture is
that they are trying to end ten-
ure,” the teacher said.
The nationwide shift on tenure
has been remarkable for its
speed and breadth, said Sandi Ja-
cobs, vice president of the Na-
tional Council on Teacher Qual-
ity. It was awarded “virtually
automatically” in most states as
recently as 2009, she said.
“Tenure was looked at as much
more of a sacred cow,” Ms. Ja-
cobs said. “Once states started to
move on it, then the dominoes
started to fall in other states.”
In Shift, Many New York City Teachers Denied Tenure From Page A1
No Longer a Given
The percentage of New York City teachers approved for tenure after three years on the job was much lower in 2010-1 and 2011-2 than in previous years.
’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12
Source: N.Y.C. Department of Education
THE NEW YORK TIMES
97%
94 94
89
58
55
A union points out
that nearly 30 percent
of classroom hires quit
in their first 3 years.
Marriage, then come Schumer
Babies.
“Have kids; have a lot of kids,”
Mr. Schumer, who has two
daughters, is known to intone.
“Start early and keep having
them.” Sometimes, Mr. Schumer
greets a former staff member,
“So, is your wife pregnant
again?” Other times, he does not
even bother with the question.
One former aide, who asked not
to be named, recalled seeing the
senator bump into a recently
married couple, both Schumer
alumni. “He just stared down at
her midsection and said, ‘Well?’” In an interview in his Manhat-
tan office, Mr. Schumer grinned
and giggled as he recalled the
couples he had brought together.
“Our staff is a family,” Mr.
Schumer said, his voice often tak-
ing a paternal tone. “I want them
to be happy. I get worried that
they’ll be lonely. So I encourage
them. If I think it’s a good match,
I try to gently — as gently as I
can — nudge it.”
Mr. Schumer, who prides him-
self on training the next genera-
tion of Democratic leaders, runs
his office like a Congressional
West Point: boot-camp hours,
sky-high expectations, and a
powerful alumni network. Mr.
Sweeney runs a major “super
PAC” that supports President
Obama; another alumnus, Josh
Vlasto, is the press secretary for
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, and he
plans this fall to marry Megan
Murphy, Mr. Schumer’s schedul-
er.
But in between teaching the art
of press strategy and budget
talks, “Chuck,” as his young staff
members call him, likes to impart
a different kind of counsel: how
to live well. His matrimonial
maxims are repeated so often
that staff members can finish the
lines for him. “It brings him joy,” said Risa
Heller, a former communications
director, one of more than a doz-
en former aides who recounted
his sayings, often while imitating
his voice. “He picks good people
to work for him, and when they
pick each other, it’s even better.”
The senator said he took care
to tailor his pitch, realizing that
some may be more open than
others. But he is known to plot a
surprise, now and then.Josh Isay
and Cathie Levine met in 1997,
when Mr. Schumer was serving
in the House. The two thought
they had kept their relationship a
secret — until Mr. Isay’s going-
away party, at which Mr. Schu-
mer announced to the entire staff
that the couple “can now be pub-
lic about what we all already
know.”
The two were mortified, al-
though happy with the enormous
grin on Mr. Schumer’s face. The
senator later signed the ketubah,
a Jewish marriage contract,at
their wedding, and stayed late at
the reception. “I have pictures of
him doing the Love Train,” said
Mr. Isay, now an influential politi-
cal consultant in New York.
Four of the couples inter-
viewed for this article recalled
similar experiences. “I just about
tried to melt into the floor,”
laughed Moira Campion McCo-
naghy, whose relationship was
revealed by the senator at a holi-
day party.
Later, when she and her boy-
friend told Mr. Schumer they
were engaged, the senator began
recommending reception halls
near Ms. McConaghy’s home-
town,Endicott, N.Y. “He was
bringing his knowledge of the en-
tire state to our wedding plan-
ning decisions,” said Ms. McCo-
naghy, now the legislative direc-
tor for Senator Jeanne Shaheen,
a New Hampshire Democrat.
Romance can be inevitable in
an office of like-minded young po-
liticos. “You have to be a certain
type of personality in order to be
successful in Schumer World,”
Mr. Isay said, describing the sen-
ator’s ideal hire as “Type-A,
hard-working, fast-talking.”
But Mr. Schumer likes to keep
a thumb on the scale, interrupt-
ing late-night policy meetings to
grill aides for gossip on potential
couples. And he occasionally
counsels against choices that he
deems questionable. “Marry a
solid, good person,” he says.
Daniel Squadron, a former as-
sistant to the senator, was set up
by Mr. Schumer and his wife, Iris
Weinshall, a former New York
City transportation commission-
er whose chief of staff, Elizabeth
Weinstein, had caught Mr.
Squadron’s eye.
If Ms. Weinshall called, Mr.
Schumer “would ask with a gig-
gle if I had spoken to Liz,” Mr.
Squadron recalled. Once, all four
bumped into one another at a
Starbucks. The senator “was
clearly proud of how flustered we
were,” Ms. Weinstein recalled.
Years later, after the couple
married, Mr. Squadron confided
to the senator that Ms. Weinstein
was pregnant. Mr. Schumer was
so excited that he blurted it out at
a news conference — not know-
ing that the couple had not yet
told friends and colleagues.
“After the marriage happens,
the immediate question is: when
is the baby?” said Mr. Squadron,
who is now a New York state sen-
ator. “After the baby happens, the
immediate question is, when’s
the next one?”
Mr. Schumer often says his
biggest regret was not having
more kids. “Everyone has a hole
inside themselves,” he said. “They don’t know they had it
until they have kids, and then
that hole fills up. And it’s so
great; it’s just God’s greatest gift
to us.”
Couples that have not spoken
to the senator in years receive
calls when their child is born. “I
was in a state of shock,” said Lau-
ra Block, who gave birth 11 years
after leaving Mr. Schumer’s em-
ploy. “My phone rang and they
said, ‘Can you please hold for
Senator Schumer?’ I had just got-
ten home from the hospital.”
Schumer couples, in turn, often
find ways to recognize the sena-
tor’s role in their lives. Farrell
and Elizabeth Sklerov, who met
while interning for Mr. Schumer
in 2003, named their black-and-
white Shih Tzu after him.
Ms. McConaghy, at her wed-
ding, played “It’s Raining Men”
in his honor. (Mr. Schumer loves
the song — in the interview, he
explained its message as: “It’s
going to rain men, so you’re go-
ing to find somebody nice.”)
Mr. Schumer, whose wedding
in 1980 was encouraged by a col-
league in the New York State As-
sembly, said his goal was to en-
sure that the people under his
charge could prosper without
sacrificing happiness at home.
“There are two tests in life,
more important than any other
test,” he said, his voice growing
soft as the sun set behind him.
“On Monday morning, when you
wake up, do you feel in the pit of
your stomach you can’t wait to go
to work? And when you’re ready
to go home Friday afternoon, do
you say, ‘I can’t wait to go
home’?”
“If you can say yes to both
those tests,” Mr. Schumer said,
“God has been good to you, don’t
complain.”
‘Senator, Senator, Make Me a Match,’ Staff Says
IN-SYNC PHOTOGRAPHY
Senator Charles E. Schumer helped many staff members find love, including Cathie Levine,
above; Elizabeth and Farrell Sklerov,with their dog Schumer,below left; and Elizabeth Stanley
and Sean Sweeney. He has averaged nearly one “Schumer Marriage” for each year in the Senate.
From Page A1
SALLY BREWER
RICHARD PERRY/THE NEW YORK TIMES ‘He picks good people
to work for him, and
when they pick each
other, it’s even better.’
A4
N
SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By LYDIA POLGREEN
MARIKANA, South Africa — South
Africa’s police commissioner on Friday
defended the actions of officers who
opened fire on miners a day earlier dur-
ing a wildcat strike at a platinum mine.
She said the episode left 34 people dead
and 78 wounded, a sharply higher toll
than initially reported.
The commissioner, Riah Phiyega, de-
scribed a desperate struggle by the po-
lice to contain the machete-wielding
crowd of thousands of angry miners
who broke through two lines of defense,
leaving officers with no choice but to
open fire with live ammunition.
“The militant group stormed toward
the police firing shots and wielding dan-
gerous weapons,” Ms. Phiyega said at
an emotional news conference here, us-
ing an extensive array of aerial pho-
tographs and video to demonstrate how
the violence unfolded. Previous at-
tempts by the 500-strong police force to
repel the crowd with rubber bullets, wa-
ter cannons and stun grenades had
failed, she said.
“This is no time for finger-pointing,”
Ms. Phiyega said. “It is a time for us to
mourn the sad and dark moment we ex-
perienced as a country.” It was South Africa’s worst labor-
related violence since 1994. The shoot-
ings stunned the nation: front pages of
newspapers were plastered with pic-
tures of dead miners lying in a field
above headlines like “Bloodbath” and
“Killing Fields.” President Jacob Zuma cut short his
trip to neighboring Mozambique for a
regional summit meeting to rush to the
site of the bloody protest, 60 miles
northwest of Johannesburg.
“These events are not what we want
to see or what we want to become ac-
customed to in a democracy that is
bound by rule of law,” Mr. Zuma said in
prepared remarks. He announced the
formation of a commission of inquiry to
investigate the illegal strike and the re-
sponse of the police. The police retrieved six guns from the
protesters, including one that had been
taken from a police officer who was
hacked to death by the workers earlier
in the week, Ms. Phiyega said, as well as
many machetes, cudgels and spears.
Miners who escaped the melee gave a
very different account of what hap-
pened when the police closed in on the
rocky outcropping they had occupied. A
36-year-old mine employee named Pau-
los was among the striking workers on
Thursday when the police began encir-
cling the rocky hill with razor wire. “They started shooting at us with
rubber bullets,” Paulos said. “Then I
saw people were falling and dying for
real. I knew then they were proper bul-
lets.” He struggled to understand why the
police had opened fire with live rounds. “I never thought this would happen,”
he said. “We thought the police were
there to protect us.” Women who said they were wives of
missing miners gathered at the site of
the protest, waving wooden sticks and
singing protest songs. “I don’t know where my husband is,
whether he is in jail, among the dead or
the injured,” said a woman named Mba-
lenhle who declined to give her last
name. “Our husbands were only fight-
ing for their rights, but the police are
killing them.” The shootout followed a tense week of
protests by workers at the platinum
mine, owned by Lonmin, a London com-
pany. The miners walked off the job last
Friday, demanding that their wages be
tripled. The striking workers are members of
a radical labor union that splintered off
from the National Union of Minework-
ers, one of the country’s biggest and
oldest unions. The splinter group claims that the
older union, which is closely allied to the
African National Congress, is too cozy
with big business and the political elite. Frans Baleni, general secretary of the
National Union of Mineworkers, reject-
ed that notion and said the rival union,
the Association of Mine Workers and
Construction Union, was giving people
false hope, with tragic consequences. “You have opportunists who are
abusing ignorant workers,” Mr. Baleni
said. “We saw the results yesterday.” South African Police Official Defends Officers Who Fired on Miners
SIPHIWE SIBEKO/REUTERS
Above, South African investigators on Friday surveyed the scene where the
police fired on striking miners the day before, killing 34 people and wound-
ing 78. Left, a woman protesting the police actions at the Lonmin mine. THEMBA HADEBE/ASSOCIATED PRESS
By STEVEN ERLANGER
PARIS — The anxieties of an unexpected
landing in war-ravaged Syria were compounded
for passengers on an Air France flight when they
were asked by the crew if they couldn’t possibly,
you know, come up with some cash to help out
with the refueling.
Passengers on Air France Flight 562 were
headed from Paris to Beirut, Lebanon,on
Wednesday, but the religious and ethnic tensions
of the civil war in Syria have spilled over into Leb-
anon, too. Unrest around Beirut’s airport made it
impossible to land, Air France said on Friday. The
crew sought permission to divert to Amman, Jor-
dan, but lacked the fuel to make it safely, so ended
up in Damascus. (As if the Syrian capital were
safer.)
Air France stopped flying to Damascus in
March as fighting escalated in Syria, and Paris
and Damascus are not exactly on good terms
these days, with France one of the most vocal
countries calling for President Bashar al-Assad
and his government to step down and face
charges of war crimes.
France pulled its ambassador from Damas-
cus in March, and in a reflection of the current
state of relations, the French foreign minister,
Laurent Fabius, visiting a refugee camp for Syri-
ans on the Turkish border, said on Friday: “The
Syrian regime should be smashed fast. After
hearing the refugees and their account of the
massacres of the regime, Mr. Bashar al-Assad
doesn’t deserve to be on this earth.”
And then there is the matter of European Un-
ion sanctions on Syria, which make even buying
jet fuel, let alone on credit, a little complicated. Authorities at the Damascus airport told the
crew that they could not accept credit cards be-
cause of the sanctions — cash only. So as a pre-
caution, an Air France spokeswoman said, the
crew asked the passengers how much money
they happened to have in their wallets to help pay
for fuel.
A friend of one passenger told Reuters that
the passengers were willing. “Because of the ter-
rible relations between the two countries and the
situation in Syria, the passengers were really
worried about landing there,” the friend said. Nei-
ther the friend nor the passenger wished to be
identified; press officers for Air France normally
do not allow their names to be used.
In the end, the airline managed to settle the
bill without help from the passengers, and the
plane took off two hours later to spend the night
in Cyprus, where the troubled banks still take
credit cards. The plane landed safely on Thursday
in Beirut, which had apparently calmed down suf-
ficiently in the interim.
Air France refused to say how much it paid
for the fuel or how it did so.
Rerouted to Syria,
Travelers Are Asked
To Pass the Hat
By MATTHEW ROSENBERG and ANNIE LOWREY
KABUL, Afghanistan — With
American and European sanctions
spurring a currency crisis in Iran,
officials say a growing number of
Iranians are packing trucks with de-
valued rials and heading to the free-
wheeling currency market next
door in American-occupied Afghani-
stan, to trade for dollars.
The rial has lost more than half its
value against the dollar, and cross-
border bank transfers and currency
exchanges have become difficult, as
sanctions have slashed Iran’s vital
oil revenue and cut the country off
from international financial mar-
kets. Iranian businesses and indi-
viduals are desperate to avoid fur-
ther losses, by converting their
money and moving it out for safe-
keeping. At the same time, the gov-
ernment is trying to find alternate
ways to bring in hard currency. Enter Afghanistan, where dollars
function as a second national cur-
rency after years of Western spend-
ing and where financial oversight is
so lax that billions of dollars in cash
leave the country every year.
Though Afghan and Western offi-
cials say they cannot put a precise
figure on the trade with Iran, they
see it as a potential challenge to the
sanctions, and one that the United
States, as Afghanistan’s main bene-
factor, helped create.
The Iranians are “in essence us-
ing our own money, and they’re get-
ting around what we’re trying to en-
force,” one American official said.
It is a new iteration of an endur-
ing problem in Afghanistan, where
Western officials are already strug-
gling to quell a storm of corruption
that has undercut the war effort. In
the years since the invasion, the
country has become a smuggler’s
dream, with a booming opium econ-
omy and pervasive government
graft that is widely believed to be a
factor in funneling Western aid
money to the Taliban. On its own, the rush of Iranian
money to Afghanistan is unlikely to
be enough to undercut the sanc-
tions, which are the cornerstone of
Western efforts to coerce Iran into
abandoning its nuclear program.
But it is clear that American offi-
cials are worried. In one indication,
President Obama last month quietly
strengthened the sanctions by giv-
ing the Treasury Department the
capacity to punish any person who
buys dollars or precious metals, like
gold, on behalf of the Iranian gov-
ernment.
“We are taking steps to make it
more difficult for the government of
Iran to satisfy its heightened de-
mand for dollars — and making it
clear to anyone who provides dol-
lars to the government that they
face sanctions,” said David S. Co-
hen, the Treasury Department un-
der secretary for terrorism and fi-
nancial intelligence.
Afghan money traders said they
were told this month by American
officials to not conduct business
with Arian Bank, an Afghan bank
owned by a pair of Iranian banks.
The Treasury Department has
maintained sanctions against the
Afghan and Iranian banks in the
past few years, and the traders said
they had been recently told that the
Afghan bank was being used by the
Iranian government to move cash in
and out of Afghanistan.
Western and Afghan officials, as
well as traders in Afghan money
markets, said that a number of Ira-
nians had started seeking to buy
dollars and euros with their rials as
American and European sanctions
tightened over the past year. The purchases are part of efforts
by wealthy and middle-class Irani-
ans to protect their savings and
business profits by moving them
offshore. But with legitimate trans-
fers out of Iran virtually impossible
because of the sanctions, Iranians
are instead converting their rials in
Afghanistan, and then moving the
money to banks in the Persian Gulf
and beyond. “The middle class is in a panic
about what to do right now,” said
Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, an econo-
mist at Virginia Tech and an expert
on Iran’s economy. More troublingly, in the eyes of
Western officials, the Iranian gov-
ernment is seeking to bolster its re-
serves of dollars, euros and pre-
cious metals to stabilize its ex-
change rates and ensure that it can
pay for imports. Iran had about $110
billion in foreign currency and pre-
cious metal reserves in 2011, and
those are believed to be dwindling
now. Afghan traders have proved more
than willing to trade dollars for
rials, usable as a currency in many
parts of western Afghanistan, at ad-
vantageous exchange rates.
Hajji Najeeb Ullah Akhtary, the
president of Afghanistan’s Money
Exchange Union, an association of
traditional money transfer and ex-
change businesses that are known
as hawalas, said he and his mem-
bers had seen a steady increase in
Iranians bringing cash into Afghani-
stan over the past year. That comes
on top of routine transfers made by
Afghans living and working in Iran,
including more than one million im-
poverished refugees, and the reg-
Iranian Currency Traders Find a Haven in Afghanistan
BRYAN DENTON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Customers go to money changers in an open-air currency market in Kabul, Afghanistan. Such markets ex-
change afghanis, Pakistani rupees, American dollars and Iranian rials, among other currencies. Easing some of the
effects of sanctions, in a
market the Americans
helped create.
Continued on Page A6
ØØ
N
A5
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By JODI RUDOREN
M
AALE
S
HOMRON
, West Bank
S
OME years ago, after the
death of a neighborhood
teenager, a psychologist
asked Dani Dayan, the leader of
Israel’s settler movement, what
kind of life he wanted for his
only child.
“If it’s for me to decide, I
would like her to establish an
outpost on the most challenging
hill in Samaria,” Mr. Dayan re-
called saying, using the biblical
name for the northern swath of
the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
“But she should never forget
the road from that hill to the
theaters of Tel Aviv and to the
museums of Tel Aviv and to the
restaurants of Tel Aviv.”
From a bedroom window in
his spacious, modern home here
in this settlement about 20 miles
northeast of Tel Aviv, Mr. Dayan
— and his daughter, Ofir, 18 —
can see the lights that represent
those theaters, museums and
restaurants. In his mind, he and
his family, just by living here in
the West Bank rather than
yielding it to become a Palestin-
ian state, are a “shield” protect-
ing those theaters and mu-
seums, and the survival of Is-
rael itself.
“You cannot maintain a Jewish
soul of a community if you detach
it from history,” he said. “If Israel
detaches itself from Hebron and
Bet El and Shilo, it will become
an empty society, a shallow soci-
ety that ultimately will forget
why it’s here.”
Mr. Dayan, 56, an immigrant
from Argentina who got rich run-
ning an information technology
company, has devoted the past
five years to expanding the Jew-
ish presence in those and other
disputed historic places across
the West Bank as chairman of
the Yesha Council, which repre-
sents 350,000 settlers in 150 com-
munities. Passionately ideologi-
cal yet profoundly secular, he de-
fies the caricature of settlers as
gun-toting radicals who attribute
their politics to God and the To-
rah — he travels the world col-
lecting art and wine, and a bald
spot occupies the place others re-
serve for a skullcap. Mr. Dayan’s movement has
had a string of successes this
summer. After Israel’s Supreme
Court declared the tiny outpost
of Ulpana illegal because it sat on
private Palestinian land, he
helped negotiate 800 new settler
homes in exchange for a peaceful
evacuation of 30 families.A col-
lege in Ariel was elevated to uni-
versity status, a first within a set-
tlement. A government-appoint-
ed commission of three respect-
ed judges declared the entire set-
tlement enterprise to be legal,
contrary to international opinion. Over the last month, Mr. Da-
yan declared victory against the
two-state solution in an Op-Ed
page article in The New York
Times and in a lengthy article in
The Atlantic. But as The Atlantic
noted, he faces an internal battle
among the settlers over tactics;
many prefer a more principled,
confrontational stand to his prag-
matic, businesslike approach.
On right-wing Web sites, Mr.
Dayan has been denounced as a
traitor and called “a danger to
settlements.” A columnist, Hana-
mel Dorfman, declared, “We, the
youth of the settlements, of the
hilltops, already don’t believe in
you.” During the fight over Ulpana,
there was a move to unseat Mr.
Dayan, which he survived. But
some within the movement say
they are closely watching how he
handles the scheduled move this
month of Migron, another out-
post declared illegal by the Su-
preme Court.
“His approach is: ‘O.K., let’s
work with what I can do. It’s not
good, but it’s good enough,’” said
Itzik Shadmi, chairman of the
Binyamin Council, which in-
cludes about 40 settlements total-
ing 50,000 residents. “My ap-
proach is to fight until the end, to
do some confrontation with the
government, in order for every-
body to understand that maybe
they can win this battle but we
will win the war itself.”
But Mr. Dayan’s true adver-
saries say his pragmatic ap-
proach has made him the most
effective leader the settlers have
had. “Our challenge is to expose
him,” said Yariv Oppenheimer,
director of Peace Now, which op-
poses all settlements. “His agen-
da is the same as the most fa-
natic right-wing settlers. But he
has this ability to hide it and to
speak with the public with a
much more sensible argument
and a much more moderate im-
age.”
M
R. DAYAN — whose fa-
ther, Moshe, was a sec-
ond cousin of Gen.
Moshe Dayan — came from Bue-
nos Aires to Tel Aviv in 1971, in a
family that revered Ze’ev Jabo-
tinsky, the revisionist Zionist
who led the underground mili-
tary organization Irgun. But his
brother, Aryeh, who declined to
be interviewed, became a “radi-
cal leftist anti-Zionist” journalist,
as both men have put it. They re-
tain a certain closeness by never
mentioning politics: Aryeh re-
fused to attend Dani’s wedding in
1987 on the ramp leading to the
Temple Mount but joined a re-
ception afterward in West Jeru-
salem.
Their cousin Ilana Dayan, a
television journalist, said that
Dani Dayan had been immersed
in politics since he came of age
but that his education in comput-
er science and economics had
helped “rationalize the dis-
course.”
“It’s not a debate about wheth-
er the Messiah has come or is on
his way,” Ms. Dayan said. “He’s
talking realpolitik, he’s talking
rational, he’s talking cost-benefit
analysis. He will try to engage in
a civilized and always intriguing
argument, and he will try to con-
vince you that from the point of
view of the Zionist enterprise
even the status quo is better than
any Peace Now fantasy.”
To Mr. Dayan, those who be-
lieve in a two-state solution are
“either naïve or liars.” He has a
two-stage vision: for the next 30
to 40 years, Jews and Palestin-
ians should continue to expand
their communities in the West
Bank, “with the kind of interac-
tion that is minimal but allows
people to live well.” Later, he
imagines, leadership change in
Jordan, where ethnic Palestin-
ians are a majority, would lead to
an arrangement in which the
West Bank is jointly governed by
Israel and Jordan with “shared
responsibilities for two peoples
between two states.”
“I see a vision of everyone liv-
ing normal lives here with a po-
litical situation that has to be
unique,” Mr. Dayan said one day
in May. “There is no other exam-
ple in history of a people dis-
persed for 2,000 years that comes
back to its land and reclaims it.
It’s a very peculiar situation and
will need a peculiar solution.”
Mr. Dayan and his wife, Eynat,
moved to Maale Shomron in 1988,
living for two years in a trailer, as
required by the settlement to
prove their commitment. They
built a showpiece home, where
the sunken double-height living
room is filled with a painting
from Vietnam, a sculpture from
Machu Picchu and a meditation
bowl from Nepal. “This is from
South Africa,” he said, pointing to
a set of large wooden masks.
“Post-apartheid South Africa. I
refused to visit apartheid South
Africa.” T
OURING the settlements
with Mr. Dayan is like at-
tending a family reunion
with a proud patriarch. At a plas-
tics factory where Jewish and
Arab workers take occasional
field trips together, he said, “We
are much less prejudiced toward
Palestinians than Israeli society
as a whole.” Leaving the college
in Ariel, Mr. Dayan declared,
“This is exactly what I want for
Judea and Samaria: it’s a univer-
sity that has some ideological
tone, but it’s 21st-century, and it’s
integral to the fabric of Israeli so-
ciety.” Sampling robust reds at
the Psagot winery, he mused,
“This is my dream: to make a
combination of mission, ideology,
good life — that’s what makes
life here permanent.”
Standing on a lookout point in
Elie, Mr. Dayan surveyed his em-
pire, the red-roof settlements
that dot the hills in every direc-
tion. “When I hear Israeli politi-
cians say there are isolated set-
tlements that should be removed,
I know they have never visited
here,” he said. “I got to fulfill the
dream of 100 generations. Today,
it’s a day-to-day fact.”
“You cannot maintain a Jewish soul of a community if you detach it from history.” DANI DAYAN
RINA CASTELNUOVO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
THE SATURDAY PROFILE A Settler Leader, Worldly and Pragmatic
SCIENCE
Push for More Cholera Inoculations
Pressure to adopt a cholera vaccine as part of
the routine response to outbreaks mounted as
two expert panels advised the World Health
Organization to use it. On Thursday, experts
meeting in Washington endorsed the use of
the vaccine to control the continuing outbreak
in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Studies
conducted by medical charities there showed
that two doses gave 90 percent protection.
Separately, an expert panel advised the World
Health Organization this year to seek enough
money to create a global stockpile of two mil-
lion doses for emergencies.On Friday,Sierra
Leone declared its cholera outbreak a na-
tional humanitarian emergency; it has had al-
most 11,000 cases and 176 deaths since Janu-
ary. Cholera kills through rapid dehydration.
The vaccine is for healthy people, but it could
be used to surround outbreaks and keep them
from spreading. DONALDG.McNEIL Jr.
ASIA
China: Verdict Soon in Major Trial
A Chinese court is expect-
ed to issue a verdict on
Monday in the murder trial
of Gu Kailai, left, who is re-
ported to have all but con-
fessed to killing a Briton
who had been a longtime
friend and business associ-
ate. The case upended the
career of Ms. Gu’s ambi-
tious husband, Bo Xilai, and shook the Com-
munist Party as it prepares to transfer power
to a new generation of leaders. Zhang Ming-
wu, vice director of the Anhui Province gov-
ernment information office, confirmed that a
verdict would be announced Monday. Ms. Gu was tried Aug. 9 along with a fam-
ily aide, both of whom are accused in the
death of the Briton, Neil Heywood, in Chong-
qing, the municipality run by Mr. Bo until
March. During the trial, which lasted one
day, Ms. Gu acknowledged that she got Mr.
Heywood drunk in November and then
poured poison into his mouth after he became
sick and asked for water, according to an ac-
count of the trial released by the official Xin-
hua news agency that has been questioned by
some analysts. Legal experts say they believe
that Ms. Gu will be found guilty but will prob-
ably escape execution. ANDREWJACOBS
Japan: 14 Chinese Are Sent Home
Japan said Friday that it had deported 14 Chi-
nese citizens who were arrested on or near a
disputed island, moving quickly to defuse a
potentially damaging standoff with China.
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda of Japan and
members of his cabinet decided to send the
Chinese back rather than to pursue criminal
charges, Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu
Fujimura said. Japanese television showed
seven of the Chinese citizens landing in Hong
Kong on a commercial flight. The Japanese
authorities said the other seven were put back
on the boat they had used to reach the island
and were being escorted out of Japanese wa-
ters. The 14, who included activists and jour-
nalists based in Hong Kong, were arrested
Wednesday after seven of them arrived by
boat on Uotsuri, part of an uninhabited island
chain in the East China Sea called the Senka-
kus by Japan and Diaoyu by China. The is-
lands, controlled by Japan, are also claimed
by China and Taiwan. MARTINFACKLER
Thailand: 4 Die in Nightclub Fire
Four people died and a dozen were injured
Friday when a fire broke out at a nightclub on
the Thai resort island of Phuket, the police
said. The identities of the dead were not
known late Friday, Maj. Gen. Chanasit Watta-
nawarangkul, the chief of police in Phuket,
said by telephone. Phuket is about 510 miles
south of Bangkok. General Chanasit said that
the fire had occurred after power was cut and
then restored during heavy rain in the early
hours of Friday. A transformer “exploded,” he
said, and the fire spread quickly into the
building. Four French citizens were among
the injured, one of whom suffered serious
burns, Thai news reports said. The nightclub,
the Tiger Discotheque, is in Patong, one of the
island’s most popular tourist spots. THOMAS FULLER
AUSTRALIA
Plan for Migrants Draws Warning
Australia’s plan to reopen detention centers
on remote Pacific islands for asylum seekers
and migrants who arrive by sea could violate
their human rights and harm their mental
health, the United Nations warned on Friday.
Both the United Nations’ refugee agency and
human rights office said they were studying
the plan, announced Monday, to reopen immi-
grant detention camps in Nauru and Papua
New Guinea. The plan was announced after a
report said 964 asylum seekers had died since
2001 while making the dangerous journey.
“While applauding the goal to protect the
lives of the migrants and asylum seekers who
seek entry to Australia, we are concerned that
a reopening of offshore detention centers
could result in violations of human rights,”
said a United Nations human rights spokes-
man, Xabier Celaya. Australia receives a
small number of the world’s asylum seekers
each year. (REUTERS)
EUROPE
France: South Struggles With Heat
French authorities are fighting wildfires,
keeping an eye on isolated elderly popula-
tions and advising people to drink fluids as
temperatures soar. Heat wave warnings were
issued for a swath of central and southern
France, from Burgundy to the Pyrenees. Tem-
peratures are expected to reach up to 104 de-
grees in some areas. The government is de-
termined to avoid a repeat of the summer of
2003, when about 15,000 people died during a
heat wave. Wildfires raged near Lacanau in
the southwest on Thursday. Patrick Stefanini,
a prefect for the Aquitaine region, said that
they were brought under control Friday
morning. (AP)
World Briefing A6
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By FARES AKRAM
GAZA CITY — Every Rama-
dan for the past two decades,
Mouin Mushtaha has made the
pilgrimage to Mecca during the
last 10 days of the Muslim holy
month. This year, as Ramadan
ticked away, he sat gloomily at
the office of his tourism agency
here, watching the festivities on
television.
For Mr. Mushtaha, it was not
just a lost spiritual experience,
but a missed business opportuni-
ty: the Ramadan pilgrimage to
Saudi Arabia is a major annual
source of profit. But Gazans were
unable to go to Mecca this season
because exits through the Rafah
crossing to Egypt were extreme-
ly restricted after an Aug. 5 at-
tack nearby that killed 16 Egyp-
tian soldiers.
“I, my wife and our 500 clients
were supposed to be there now,”
said Mr. Mushtaha, 64, pointing
at the television in the air-condi-
tioned office of his agency, the
Mushtaha Company for Tourism
and Travel. “My wife bursts into
tears when she watches the Kaa-
ba,” he added, referring to the
cube-shaped building in Mecca
that is among Islam’s most sa-
cred sites.
Egyptian officials closed Rafah
completely for a week after the
attack, amid concern that the
perpetrators, believed to be from
the Sinai Desert, had support
from Palestinians in the Gaza
Strip. Though the crossing was
reopened several days before
this weekend’s conclusion of Ra-
madan, exits were limited to
those with passports or resi-
dences in Arab or European
countries, or Gazans with hu-
manitarian needs. Hamas, the Islamic movement
governing Gaza, has denied any
involvement of local residents in
the fatal attack, and it shut down
smuggling tunnels to Egypt in an
effort to show cooperation.
Since most residents of the
Gaza Strip cannot travel through
Israel, these restrictions meant
that few were able to make it to
Mecca this Ramadan. Muslims
are expected at least once in their
lifetime to make a major pilgrim-
age, known as the hajj, during the
final month of the Islamic lunar
calendar. A minor pilgrimage,
known as an umrah, can be un-
dertaken at any time of the year.
But an umrah during the final 10
days of Ramadan is considered
spiritually equivalent to the hajj.
Most Gaza travel agencies pri-
marily handle “religious tour-
ism,” with hajj and umrah trips
forming the bulk of their busi-
ness. Awad Abu Mazkour, who
represents the travel companies,
said that about 3,000 Palestinians
were registered for umrah trips
over the past 10 days. He estimat-
ed the losses of the tourism com-
panies at $2 million.
Mr. Mushtaha said that his cli-
ents had each paid him $1,000 or
more, which he had spent weeks
ago to book buses, airline tickets
and hotel rooms. Now, the would-
be pilgrims want their money
back, and Mr. Mushtaha said the
Hamas government would try to
help adjudicate. Portions of ticket
fees might be returned, he said,
but recouping money from hotels
— given their normally strict Ra-
madan booking policies and the
short notice of the cancellation —
was less likely.
He said it was the worst crisis
facing the company since his fa-
ther founded it 46 years ago.
“There has never been a closure
like this during religious occa-
sions,” Mr. Mushtaha said. Sug-
gesting that losses be split be-
tween the customers and the
companies — or, better yet, cov-
ered in part by the Hamas gov-
ernment — he added, “This is a
complicated issue that all parties
should work to resolve.” As he spoke, Mr. Mushtaha
was interrupted by frequent tele-
phone calls from customers seek-
ing assurances that they might
still make their way to Saudi Ara-
bia; he could offer none.
“I spent three years saving
money and dreaming of this mo-
ment,” said Subhia al-Masri, 46.
“Losing the money I paid is noth-
ing compared to losing the oppor-
tunity to visit the Kaaba.”
A Gaza Border Slams Shut, and With It, Chances for a Pilgrimage to Mecca
HATEM MOUSSA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A Palestinian woman waited to cross into Egypt at Rafah after the Gaza border there reopened. Restrictions on exits have hurt religious tourism for Ramadan. An attack on
Egyptians leads to
restrictions during
Islam’s holy month.
ular supply of rials that circulates
in Afghanistan.
The cash “comes across in
trucks,” he said, with transfers
arranged by Afghan middlemen
who take a 5 to 7 percent commis-
sion.
Iranians were converting rials
into dollars in Kabul, the western
border city of Herat and in the
southern cities of Kandahar and
Ghazni, Mr. Akhtary said. The
transactions were largely con-
ducted through hawalas, which
allow people to transfer large
sums of money for small fees to
relatives or business associates
in distant locales within minutes.
The dealers in various places
cover one another to make the
system work, and settle up after
the fact. The markets are often ram-
shackle affairs that give little hint
of the vast sums being moved.
Kabul’s hawala market, for in-
stance, is little more than a few
dingy lanes hidden away on the
banks of the Kabul River, a trick-
le of fetid water that winds along
trash-strewed banks. But it does
huge business. Outside its store-
fronts, men sit on the pavement
behind rickety tables piled high
with afghanis, Pakistani rupees,
American dollars and Iranian
rials, among other currencies. One hawala dealer, Hajji Ah-
med Shah Hakimi, said two
routes were primarily used to
bring cash in from Iran: one di-
rectly across the border with Iran
and another through Pakistan. Both he and Mr. Akhtary in-
sisted that they were not in-
volved in smuggling cash for Ira-
nians or anyone else, but that
other hawala traders were.
Mr. Hakimi said the sanctions
on Iran were seen in Afghanistan
as an American issue, and that is
why some Afghans had no prob-
lem smuggling money for Irani-
ans. Some Afghan officials ech-
oed that view, saying the Iranian
money flow was not a top con-
cern, though the broader prob-
lem of bulk cash smuggling was.
The flow of cash in and out of
Afghanistan goes largely unmon-
itored and unimpeded, a “coun-
try-sized” money-laundering op-
eration, said a European forensic
auditor who has tracked financial
crime in Afghanistan and spoke
on the condition of anonymity. In 2011, an estimated $4.6 bil-
lion, a sum equivalent to roughly
a third of Afghanistan’s gross do-
mestic product, was stuffed into
suitcases, shrink-wrapped onto
pallets or packed into boxes and
flown out of Kabul’s airport on
commercial airline flights, most
of them headed for Dubai, United
Arab Emirates, according to the
central bank. Though new rules and better
enforcement have begun to cut
into the cash flying out of Kabul,
it is anyone’s guess how much
moved out of Afghanistan over-
land on trucks or on twice-weekly
flights to Dubai from Kandahar in
southern Afghanistan, said an Af-
ghan official who tracks suspi-
cious financial transactions and
spoke on the condition of ano-
nymity. “Kandahar?” he said. “We
have no idea what is going there.” Iranian Currency Traders
Find a Haven in Afghanistan
From Page A4
BRYAN DENTON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Money piled up on a walkway at a currency market in Kabul.
Some Iranian money arrives in Kabul by way of Pakistan.
A ‘country-sized’
money-laundering
operation that is
largely unmonitored.
Matthew Rosenberg reported
from Kabul, and Annie Lowrey
from Washington. By RICK GLADSTONE
Iran’s president fanned the
flames of confrontation with Is-
rael on Friday, calling the Israeli
government “an insult to human-
kind” in a speech on the annual
Iranian holiday that calls for the
Palestinian reclamation of Jeru-
salem from Israel’s control. The speech by the president,
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who has
become known for his baldly anti-
Israel and anti-Semitic remarks,
came as tensions had been inten-
sifying with Israel, which regards
Iran’s nuclear program as an ex-
istential threat. Speculation has raged in the Is-
raeli press about whether the
government of Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu has de-
cided to order a military strike on
uranium enrichment sites in Iran
that Israel suspects are part of a
clandestine effort to build nuclear
weapons. Iran contends that its
uranium enrichment is peaceful.
Mr. Ahmadinejad’s speech, as
reported by the official Islamic
Republic News Agency, added
some new and incendiary flour-
ishes to a theme he had pushed
for his entire presidency. “The very existence of the Zi-
onist regime is an insult to hu-
mankind and an affront to all
world nations,” the news agen-
cy’s English-language report on
the speech quoted him as saying.
“Confronting Zionists will also
pave the way for saving the
whole humankind from exploita-
tion, depravity and misery.”
In another passage, Mr. Ahma-
dinejad was quoted as saying
that Jerusalem Day, which the
Iranians call Quds Day after the
city’s Arabic name, was “an occa-
sion for all human communities
to wipe out this scarlet letter,
meaning the Zionist regime, from
the forehead of humanity.” A violently anti-Israel message
was also the theme of Jerusalem
Day commemorations in Beirut,
Lebanon, the home base of Hez-
bollah, the militant political or-
ganization that fought a war with
Israel in 2006 and is aligned with
the governments of Iran and Syr-
ia in what they call the axis of re-
sistance. Hassan Nasrallah, the
Hezbollah secretary general, said
in a televised speech that its ar-
senal of missiles trained on Israel
included precision-guided rock-
ets that could transform “the
lives of hundreds of thousands of
Zionists into hell.” Israel considers Iran its most
dangerous adversary because of
Iran’s suspect nuclear program,
missiles capable of hitting Israeli
targets,and support for militant
Palestinian groups on Israel’s
borders. Conversely, Iran’s cler-
ical rulers have considered Israel
one of the world’s most arrogant
and dangerous powers since they
came to power in the Islamic rev-
olution of 1979. Iranian officials
constantly point out that even
though they repudiate nuclear
weapons, Israel has an arsenal of
them.
Both Mr. Ahmadinejad and
Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah
Ali Khamenei, have regularly ex-
coriated Israel’s existence, but
Israel harbors particular antipa-
thy toward Mr. Ahmadinejad,
who has denied the Holocaust
and predicted in a speech early in
his tenure that Israel would one
day be “wiped off the map.” PHOTOGRAPHS BY BEHROUZ MEHRI/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
Iranian men watched an anti-Israel demonstration in Tehran on Friday. An annual event celebrates solidarity with Palestinians.
Iran’s President Calls Israel ‘an Insult to Humankind’ President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran was surrounded by
his bodyguards at the demonstration, where he spoke. On a holiday,
Ahmadinejad adds
flourishes to a
familiar theme. Ø
N
A7
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
300,000 have fled their homes for
refugee camps. Then Muslims
staged a large, angry protest in
Mumbai, the country’s financial
capital, on the western coast. A
wave of fear began sweeping
through the migrant communi-
ties after several people from the
northeast were beaten up in
Pune, a city not far from Mumbai. By Wednesday and Thursday,
the exodus had begun. So many
people were pouring into train
stations in Bangalore and Chen-
nai that the Railways Ministry
later added special services to
certain northeastern cities. By
Friday, even as some of the fears
eased in the biggest cities, people
were leaving smaller cities, in-
cluding Mysore and Mangalore.
To many northeastern mi-
grants, the impulse to rush home
— despite the trouble in Assam —
is a reminder of how alienated
many feel from mainstream In-
dia. The northeast, tethered to
the rest of the country by a nar-
row finger of land, has always
been neglected. Populated by a
complex mosaic of ethnic groups,
the seven states of the northeast
have also been plagued by insur-
gencies and rivalries as different
groups compete for power.
Here in Assam, the underlying
frictions are over the control of
land, immigration pressures and
the fight for political power. The
savagery and starkness of the vi-
olence have been startling. Of the
78 people killed, some were
butchered. More than 14,000
homes have been burned. That
300,000 people are in refugee
camps is remarkable; had so
many people fled across sub-Sa-
haran Africa to escape ethnic
persecution, a humanitarian cri-
sis almost certainly would have
been declared.
“If we go back and they attack
us again, who will save us?”
asked Subla Mushary, 35, who is
now living with her two teenage
daughters at a camp for Bodos. “I
have visited my home. There is
nothing left.”
Assam, which has about 31 mil-
lion people, has a long history of
ethnic strife. The current vio-
lence is focused on the western-
most region of the state, which is
claimed by the Bodos as their
homeland. For years, Bodo insur-
gent groups fought for political
autonomy, with some seeking
statehood and others seeking an
independent Bodo nation.
In 2003, India’s central govern-
ment, then led by the Bharatiya
Janata Party, brokered a deal in
which Bodo insurgents agreed to
cease their rebellions in ex-
change for the creation of a spe-
cial autonomous region, now
known as the Bodoland Territori-
al Autonomous Districts. It was a
formula long used by Indian lead-
ers to subdue regional rebellions:
persuade rebels to trade the pow-
er of the gun for the power of the
ballot box.
Now the Bodos dominate the
government overseeing the au-
tonomous districts, even though
they are not a majority, account-
ing for about 29 percent of a pop-
ulation otherwise splintered
among Muslims, other indige-
nous tribal groups, Hindus and
other native Assamese. Competi-
tion over landownership is a
source of rivalry and resent-
ment: the land rights of Muslims
are tightly restricted inside the
special districts, even though
they constitute the region’s sec-
ond-largest group, after the
Bodos.
“This whole fight is about land
and capturing power,” said Mau-
lana Badruddin Ajmal, a member
of Parliament and a Muslim lead-
er in a neighboring district. “It is
not a religious fight.”
These resentments exploded in
July and early August, after an
escalating cycle of attacks be-
tween Muslims and Bodos. Soon
entire villages were being looted
and burned. The authorities have
made few arrests, and each side
has blamed the other. The Bodos
say illegal Muslim immigrants
from Bangladesh are streaming
into the autonomous districts and
taking over vacant land; Mus-
lims say such claims are a smo-
kescreen intended to disguise a
Bodo campaign to drive out right-
ful Muslim residents in a cam-
paign similar to so-called ethnic
cleansing.
During the worst violence, the
state government in Assam
seemed paralyzed. One issue is
that many former Bodo rebels
never turned over their automat-
ic weapons; some Muslims driv-
en from their homes say Bodos
scared them off by firing AK-47s
into the air.
To visit some of the affected
villages is to witness the eerie si-
lence of lives brutally interrupt-
ed. In Brajakhal, the entire Mus-
lim section was burned and
looted, while the homes of non-
Muslims were left untouched. In
the nearby village of Chengdala,
each side apparently attacked the
other — both the Bodo and Mus-
lim homes are destroyed, with a
handful of others left standing.
Sumitra Nazary, a Bodo wom-
an, said her elderly father was
bludgeoned to death with an ax.
“He was paralyzed,” she said.
“He couldn’t run away.”
It is uncertain when the people
in the refugee camps will be able
to return to their villages. Para-
military units and Assam police
officers have erected temporary
guard posts outside many of the
destroyed or looted villages,
promising security. Assam’s chief minister ordered
refugees to begin returning to
their homes this week, even as
new violence was reported in
some areas.
At the camps, life is increas-
ingly miserable. This week, two
members of the National Com-
mission for Minorities visited the
region and documented problems
with sanitation, malnutrition and
living conditions at different
camps, particularly those inhab-
ited by Muslims. One camp had
10 makeshift toilets for 4,300 peo-
ple. At another camp, they re-
ported, more than 6,500 people
were crammed into a converted
high school, including 30 preg-
nant women.
The scene was little different at
a Muslim refugee camp created
at the Srirampur R.M.E. School.
More than 5,200 people were liv-
ing on the grounds, crowded un-
der the shade of trees to hide
from the broiling midday sun.
Goi Mohammad Sheikh, 39,
brought his wife and five children
to the camp,but was returning to
their village at night to protect
their home. It had been looted but
not burned, he said, and he and a
group of other men were stand-
ing guard.
“We want to protect our
houses,” he said. “In some vil-
lages, it will not be possible to go
back. It is too dangerous. But we
will not leave our village. If they
kill us, let them kill us. How do we
leave our motherland?”
As Distant Region’s Strife Radiates, Panic Grips India and Prompts Exodus
From Page A1
PHOTOGRAPHS BY PRASHANTH VISHWANATHAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The burned remains of a home belonging to Muslims in Assam State in northeastern India. Dozens have died in violence between Muslims and the Bodo tribe.
Above, Bodo tribeswoman at a relief camp in Assam State. Right, a Muslim who suffered chest pain during a scuffle with the Assam police at another camp.
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THE NEW YORK TIMES
India’s northeast is isolated from the rest of the country.
An illustration of
how quickly fear can
be spread in the
digital age.
A bloody rift that is
less about religion
than it is about land
and power.
Hari Kumar contributed report-
ing. By CHOE SANG-HUN
SEOUL, South Korea — The
uncle of Kim Jong-un, the North
Korean leader, met on Friday in
Beijing with President Hu Jintao
and Prime Minister Wen Jiabao
of China, indicating his growing
influence as a crucial adviser to
the young Mr. Kim. China’s official media said the
trip could be a prelude to Mr.
Kim’s first visit, but the official fo-
cus was economic development.
The meetings between Mr. Kim’s
uncle, Jang Song-thaek, and the
top Chinese leaders came toward
the end of his six-day trip to Chi-
na, during which the government
in Beijing promised to help North
Korea develop two special trade
zones near the Chinese border.
Such zones, if successful, would
provide the North Korean gov-
ernment with badly needed
money as it tries to revive its
staggering economy. Mr. Jang, 66, widely seen as
Mr. Kim’s point man in oversee-
ing the development of the zones,
is the most powerful North Kore-
an official to visit China since Mr.
Kim’s father, Kim Jong-il, went
there in August 2011. South Kore-
an analysts consider Mr. Jang to
be a significant influence in Kim
Jong-un’s recent efforts to tame
his military and carry out his eco-
nomic revitalization program,
which, according to South Kore-
an news media, includes allowing
farmers to own part of their an-
nual yield as an incentive. Such a
plan, if put into effect, would be
one of the most drastic reforms in
North Korea, which officially
sticks to “socialist economic prin-
ciples.”
Mr. Jang is the brother-in-law
of Mr. Kim’s father, who died in
December. When Kim Jong-il
was alive, Mr. Jang often pre-
ferred to stand in the background
while party secretaries and mil-
itary leaders stood closer to the
elder Mr. Kim during official
functions. Mr. Kim once banished
Mr. Jang from Pyongyang, the
capital.
But his prominence has risen
with the ascension of Kim Jong-
un. Mr. Jang and his wife have
climbed the party hierarchy as
they worked to ensure a smooth
transition of power in the Kim dy-
nasty.
North Korea’s state-run news
media have provided daily up-
dates on Mr. Jang’s trip, cover-
age that is highly unusual for
anyone except for the top leader.
Bolstering that prominence was
China’s willingness to grant Mr.
Jang meetings with its top lead-
ers — a treatment that South Ko-
rean news media called “a level
befitting a head of state.” Mr.
Jang was visiting China as the
chief of the central administra-
tive department of the Workers’
Party of Korea.
This week, his delegation
signed several agreements with
China on the development of spe-
cial economic zones in Rason, on
North Korea’s northern tip, and
in Hwanggumpyong, a North Ko-
rean island in the Yalu River that
marks the southwestern border
with China. Development there
has been stalled for years, partly
because of political tensions over
the North’s nuclear program, but
also because of poor infrastruc-
ture. This week, China agreed to
help build roads and provide elec-
tricity.
In a meeting on Thursday,
Wang Jiarui, leader of the in-
ternational liaison department of
the Communist Party of China,
told Mr. Jang that China was
ready to “deepen cooperation in
all areas, including the economy
and trade,” Xinhua, the official
Chinese news agency, said.
China’s importance for North
Korea has grown in recent years
as United Nations sanctions have
tightened and aid and trade with
countries like South Korea have
been chilled by the North’s nucle-
ar and missile tests. Mr. Hu and Mr. Wen expressed
their condolences for the recent
flood victims in North Korea, Chi-
na’s state news media reported.
Nearly 200 people were killed in
heavy flooding, according to the
North Korean government,
which has asked for humanitar-
ian aid from the United Nations.
South Korean news media have
speculated that Mr. Jang might
also have asked China for eco-
nomic aid.
China gives priority to ensur-
ing stability in North Korea, but
some analysts question whether
that approach gives North Korea
too much leeway. “But China’s
unconditional economic support
for North Korea has brought few
political returns,” Stephanie
Kleine-Ahlbrandt, the China and
Northeast Asia project director
for the International Crisis
Group, said in an analysis on the
Web site 38 North. “There are in-
dications that North Korea is
stepping up uranium enrichment
and expanding its arsenal of nu-
clear weapons.”
North Korean Official Cements Status in Beijing Visit
MA ZHANCHENG/XINHUA, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
President Hu Jintao, right, greeting Jang Song-thaek on Friday
in a photo released by China’s official Xinhua News Agency. An uncle of Kim
Jong-un moves from
the background into a
position of power.
A8
N
INTERNATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By RICK GLADSTONE
and HWAIDA SAAD
Syrian insurgents fighting loy-
alist forces in the northern city of
Aleppo seized areas near its air-
port on Friday, threatening the
government’s control of a stra-
tegically vital supply conduit and
scoring a propaganda victory in
what has become a protracted
battle in Syria’s largest metropo-
lis.
Rebel commanders reached by
phone said their fighters had ad-
vanced to within a few hundred
yards of the airport perimeter.
Syria’s state-run media, which
have portrayed the Aleppo fight-
ing by insurgents as a futile effort
by criminal gangs, inadvertently
confirmed the insurgent ad-
vance, reporting that govern-
ment troops deployed around the
airport had repulsed attacks.
“Our fighters are in all neigh-
borhoods close to the airport,”
said a rebel commander who
identified himself as a former air
force pilot named Wasel. The
commander, who did not provide
his full name for security rea-
sons, also said the insurgents
were benefiting from replenished
supplies of ammunition after
chronic shortages, “which is a
reason for this progress.”
The Aleppo fighting, as well as
heavy clashes reported by activ-
ists in the Damascus area, came
as the United Nations and the
Arab League announced a suc-
cessor for Kofi Annan, the special
Syria envoy who resigned in frus-
tration two weeks ago over his in-
ability to halt the conflict, now in
its 18th month. Mr. Annan’s suc-
cessor, Lakhdar Brahimi, a for-
mer Algerian foreign minister
and veteran diplomat who helped
broker the end of Lebanon’s civil
war, is expected to take up his
new role in coming days.
Mr. Brahimi’s appointment
was announced in a brief state-
ment by Ban Ki-moon, the United
Nations secretary general. “The violence and the suffer-
ing in Syria must come to an
end,” Mr. Ban said in the state-
ment. “The secretary general ap-
preciates Mr. Brahimi’s willing-
ness to bring his considerable tal-
ents and experience to this cru-
cial task, for which he will need,
and rightly expects, the strong,
clear and unified support of the
international community, includ-
ing the Security Council.”
Mr. Ban’s statement appeared
to be a diplomatic swipe at the
Security Council, which has been
deeply divided over how to deal
with Syria since the political up-
rising against President Bashar
al-Assad began. Russia and Chi-
na, permanent Council members
with veto power, blocked efforts
by the other members to threaten
the Syrian government with coer-
cive measures over Mr. Assad’s
harsh repression of protesters
and his failure to implement Mr.
Annan’s peace plan as promised. Mr. Annan, who called his job
“Mission: Impossible,” attributed
his failure in Syria partly to his
inability to bring such pressure to
bear.
Mr. Brahimi, who has done oth-
er troubleshooting work for the
United Nations, including in Af-
ghanistan and Iraq, did not im-
mediately comment on his ap-
pointment. But he issued a state-
ment last week deploring the vio-
lence in Syria and calling on all
Syrians to embrace tolerance as
part of a new formula for peace. “In the meantime, the U.N. Se-
curity Council and regional states
must unite to ensure that a politi-
cal transition can take place as
soon as possible,” Mr. Brahimi
said in the statement, which was
issued in his capacity as a mem-
ber of the Elders, a group of ac-
complished international leaders
that also includes Mr. Annan.
The appointment of Mr. Brahi-
mi was announced a day after the
Security Council decided to end
the United Nations observer mis-
sion in Syria, which was created
in March as part of Mr. Annan’s
peace plan. Disregard for the
plan by Mr. Assad’s forces and
the rebels seeking to topple him
made the presence of the observ-
ers irrelevant and endangered
their safety. President Assad has found it
increasingly difficult to portray
an image of confidence and con-
trol, undermined by a rash of de-
fections and improvements in the
fighting ability of the insurgents,
who are getting military assist-
ance from Turkey, Qatar and Sau-
di Arabia, and now occupy pieces
of territory along the Turkish
border. They have tied down Syr-
ian military units in Aleppo, Da-
mascus and other major cities. The highest-ranking defector
so far, Riyad Farid Hijab, the for-
mer prime minister, visited Qatar
on Friday for what his spokes-
man said were discussions on
“unifying the efforts of the oppo-
sition to accelerate the pace of
the downfall of the regime,” Reu-
ters reported.
Mr. Assad’s authority has also
been weakened by an increas-
ingly urgent humanitarian crisis
in Syria, where, according to the
United Nations, an estimated 2.5
million people need aid, more
than one million have been up-
rooted from their homes and tens
of thousands have fled to neigh-
boring countries, mostly Turkey. “Fighting continues in and
around other cities in addition to
Aleppo, including Homs, Damas-
cus, Deir al-Zour, Idlib and
Dara’a,” Marianne Gasser, the
head of the International Com-
mittee of the Red Cross delega-
tion in Damascus, said in a state-
ment on its Web site. “We are
very concerned about the effects
that the fighting is having on ci-
vilians in these areas.”
In a new threat, the World
Health Organization reported
that contamination in the water
supply of rural Damascus from
sewage had caused an outbreak
of diarrhea. The Red Cross said
its aid teams were working on
water systems in Aleppo, rural
Damascus, Deir al-Zour and
Homs.
PHIL MOORE/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES
Syrians in Azaz, north of the commercial capital, Aleppo, in-
spected a damaged tank next to a bombed mosque on Friday. Syrian Rebel Forces Advance Close to the Airport at Aleppo
Rick Gladstone reported from
New York, and Hwaida Saad from
Antakya, Turkey. not been able to regain any terri-
tory lost, and so they’re resorting
to these kinds of attacks to create
havoc,” Mr. Panetta said.
About 11 percent of the “insider
attacks” are because of Taliban
infiltration into the Afghan secu-
rity forces, Pentagon officials
said on Friday, citing a new anal-
ysis by the international military
coalition in Afghanistan. The ma-
jority of the attacks, they said,
are for other reasons, including
grudges and conflicts between
NATO and Afghan forces. The Taliban, however, have fre-
quently claimed responsibility
for such attacks. In a public state-
ment to observe the end of Rama-
dan, the Taliban leader Mullah
Mohammad Omar said infiltra-
tion of Afghan security forces by
insurgents had been one of the
group’s successes.
“The enemy is not able to take
a breath of relief in the main cit-
ies, rural areas and even in their
barricaded garrisons,” he said.
“The foreign invaders and their
allies in their military centers
and bases do come under crush-
ing blows of these heroic sol-
diers.”
Major Crighton said that the
attacks on Friday were not car-
ried out by Taliban infiltrators
wearing Afghan uniforms, but
By GRAHAM BOWLEY and RICHARD A. OPPEL Jr.
KABUL, Afghanistan — Two
American Special Forces mem-
bers were shot to death on Friday
by a new Afghan local police re-
cruit they were training at a
small outpost in western Afghan-
istan.
In a second “green-on-blue” at-
tack on Friday, in the south, an
Afghan security force member
turned his weapon on other in-
ternational service personnel,
wounding two American soldiers,
NATO and Afghan officials said. The two American service
members who died were part of a
Special Operations team working
with the local police in Farah
Province in the west of Afghani-
stan, according to a NATO official
who spoke on condition of ano-
nymity because he was not au-
thorized to comment on the at-
tack. The Americans belonged to
United States Forces-Afghani-
stan, a command separate from
the main NATO force. Special Operations forces are
working closely with Afghan
forces on the Afghan Local Police
initiative, a group trained and fi-
nanced by the United States and
viewed as an important stopgap
to secure remote corners of Af-
ghanistan as international troops
withdraw. Another American
Special Forces service member
was wounded and an Afghan po-
lice recruit was killed in the
shooting, said Aqa Noor Kentoz,
the police chief of Farah Prov-
ince. Mr. Kentoz identified the at-
tacker. “When the training fin-
ished, the ALP soldier Moham-
mad Ismail turned his weapon to-
ward our allies and killed two of
them,” Mr. Kentoz said.
In the second attack, in Kanda-
har Province in the south, a
member of the Afghan security
forces shot at NATO service
members. Nobody was killed, but
some soldiers were wounded,
said Maj. Martyn Crighton, a
spokesman for the NATO-led In-
ternational Security Assistance
Force in Kabul. Major Crighton
did not give the nationality of
those NATO service members
who were injured. But another
coalition official, who spoke anon-
ymously because he was not au-
thorized to comment on the na-
tionality of those injured in the at-
tack, said the shooting wounded
two American troops.
In both cases, in Farah and
Kandahar Provinces, the shoot-
ings were carried out by individ-
ual attackers, and both were shot
and killed, Major Crighton said. The shootings were the latest
in a spate of attacks by Afghan
forces on their coalition counter-
parts.
The assaults have intensified
in recent years in Afghanistan,
where the military has called
them green-on-blue attacks. Re-
cently, however, the military has
begun referring to them as insid-
er attacks, including violence by
people who are working inside
the security force system but
who may not be active members
themselves. With the two epi-
sodes on Friday morning, there
have now been at least 31 such at-
tacks in Afghanistan so far this
year, including 21 that have re-
sulted in fatalities. All told, the deaths of at least
39 NATO service members dur-
ing the first eight months of 2012
have been attributed to these
shootings. Those numbers for
deaths and attacks already sur-
pass the figures for green-on-
blue attacks for all of 2011.
The increase in the rate of this
kind of violence has prompted Af-
ghan and NATO military leaders
— who are worried about the im-
pact on morale and the propagan-
da boost the attacks give to the
insurgents — to investigate the
circumstances surrounding each
one. Defense Secretary Leon E. Pa-
netta this week suggested that
the Taliban were at least partly
behind the increase in the vio-
lence.
“The reality is the Taliban has
were members of the Afghan se-
curity forces, according to the
preliminary investigation. “Oper-
ational reporting confirms that
both cases involved members of
the Afghan national security
forces,” he said.
Abdul Rahman Zowandi, a
spokesman for the Farah gover-
nor’s office, said the attacker in
Farah, Mohammad Ismail, was a
60-year-old man who had been
hired only two weeks earlier to
train as a local police officer.
Mr. Zowandi said the attacker
opened fire on the American sol-
diers as they were training his lo-
cal police unit in the Bala Bolok
district of Farah Province. He
said that the local police unit had
been established only two weeks
ago, and that the police officers
had all been hired from the local
district. In a statement on the Farah
shooting, United States Forces-
Afghanistan said: “Two U.S.
Forces-Afghanistan service
members died this morning as a
result of an insider threat attack
in Farah Province.”
It said, “Officials are investi-
gating the incident to determine
the facts, and as more informa-
tion becomes available it will be
released as appropriate.”
Afghan Police Recruit Turns His Weapon on His American Trainers, Killing 2
An employee of The New York
Times and Habib Zahori contrib-
uted reporting from Kabul, and
Elisabeth Bumiller from Washing-
ton. Russia has seen an upwelling
of dissent since disputed parlia-
mentary elections last December,
including demonstrations that
drew tens of thousands of people
onto the streets of Moscow. But
the Pussy Riot case in recent
weeks morphed into an interna-
tional sensation, and focused in-
tense attention on the efforts of
the recently reinstalled presi-
dent, Vladimir V. Putin, to clamp
down on the opposition. This was partly because of the
sympathetic appearance of the
defendants — two are mothers of
young children — and partly be-
cause their group uses music to
carry its message. But it also set
them in a David-and-Goliath
struggle against a formidable
power structure: the Kremlin
and the Russian Orthodox
Church.
But while the case has allowed
critics of Mr. Putin to portray his
government as squelching free
speech and presiding over a
rigged judicial system, it has also
given the government an oppor-
tunity to portray its political op-
ponents as obscene, disrespectful
rabble-rousers, liberal urbanites
backed by the West in a conspir-
acy against the Russian state and
the Russian church.
The extent of the culture clash
was evident this month when
Madonna paused during a con-
cert in Moscow to urge the re-
lease of the women, who have
been jailed since March, and per-
formed in a black bra with “Pus-
sy Riot” stenciled in bold letters
on her back. The next day, Dmi-
try Rogozin, a deputy prime min-
ister, posted a Twitter message
calling Madonna a “whore.” On Friday, the Russian Ortho-
dox Church issued a statement
that referred to Nazi aggression
and the militant atheism of the
Soviet era, and said,“What hap-
pened is blasphemy and sacri-
lege, the conscious and deliberate
insult to the sanctuary and a
manifestation of hostility to mil-
lions of people.” The case began in February
when the women infiltrated the
Cathedral of Christ the Savior
wearing colorful balaclavas, and
pranced around in front of the
golden Holy Doors leading to the
altar, dancing, chanting and lip-
syncing for what would later be-
come a music video of a profane
song in which they beseeched the
Virgin Mary to rid Russia of Mr.
Putin.
Security guards quickly
stripped them of their guitars,
but the video was completed with
splices of footage from another
church.
Because of the support they
have received from stars like Ma-
donna and Sting, the women of
Pussy Riot have become more fa-
mous, at least outside Russia,
than other political opposition
leaders here, some of whom are
also the subjects of investigations
and prosecutions. But while the women became
minor celebrities, Pussy Riot is
far more political than musical:
Its members have never com-
mercially released a song or an
album, and they do not seem to
have any serious aspirations to
do so.
When their trial opened late
last month, the women apolo-
gized, saying they had never in-
tended to offend the Orthodox
church but rather sought to make
a political statement against Mr.
Putin and against the church pa-
triarch, Kirill I, for supporting
Mr. Putin’s campaign for a third
term as president.
But Judge Syrova, delivering
her decision, said that the politi-
cal comments were spliced into
the video later, and that the ac-
tion in the church was therefore
motivated by religious hatred.
She also cited evidence that the
women had psychological dis-
orders, and she criticized them
for embracing feminism, though
she noted that “belonging to
feminism in the Russian Feder-
ation is not a legal violation or a
crime.” Although the guilty verdict was
widely expected, there were sev-
eral heartbeats of silence in the
courtroom after Judge Syrova
finished reading her decision.
Then, from somewhere in the gal-
lery came shouts of “Shame!”
and “Disgrace!” The defendants, Ms. Tolokonni-
kova, 23, Yekaterina Samutsev-
ich, 30, and Maria Alyokhina, 24,
standing in the glass-plated en-
closure in which they were held
throughout the trial, smiled to
each other as the sentences were
announced and rolled their eyes. Outside the courthouse, sup-
porters of the group chanted
“Free Pussy Riot!” and clashed
with the riot police. Dozens were
arrested, including the former
chess champion Garry Kasparov,
who is active in the Russian polit-
ical opposition. Mr. Kasparov
fought with the police and ap-
peared to be beaten as he was
bundled into a police vehicle. In Washington, where Obama
administration officials followed
the trial closely, seeing it as a
measure of Mr. Putin’s new presi-
dency and its own troubled rela-
tions with Russia, the White
House and the State Department
each criticized the verdict. The
State Department all but called
on Russia’s higher courts to over-
turn the conviction and “ensure
that the right to freedom of ex-
pression is upheld.”
A White House spokesman,
Tommy Vietor, said the verdict
was disappointing and the sen-
tences disproportionate. “While
we understand that the group’s
behavior was offensive to some,
we have serious concerns about
the way these young women
have been treated by the Russian
judicial system,” he said. Amnesty International con-
demned the sentences, which a
spokeswoman said showed “that
the Russian authorities will stop
at no end to suppress dissent and
stifle civil society.”
Mr. Putin, commenting on the
case briefly while in London for
the Olympics this month, had
said that he hoped the women
would not be judged “too severe-
ly,” but that the decision was the
court’s to make. Mr. Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry
Peskov, said after the verdict that
the president had made his views
on the case clear. But Mr. Peskov
told the Interfax news agency,
“He does not have the right to im-
pose his view on the court.” The
trial also showcased the often tilt-
ed nature of the judicial system.
Defense lawyers were barred
from calling most of the witness-
es they wanted, including experts
and some eyewitnesses, even as
prosecutors were allowed to call
witnesses who had seen the Pus-
sy Riot performance only on vid-
eo. The women were given limited
time to meet with their lawyers
and also complained that they
were not sufficiently fed or well
rested. Stanislav O. Samutsevich, the
father of the oldest defendant,
said that he had hoped for lenien-
cy. “Given that they have been
imprisoned for five months, I
hoped the sentence would be sus-
pended,” he said in an interview
outside the court.
Mr. Samutsevich said that the
women were at once going
through a classic case of Russian
repression, while also getting
caught up in a new alliance be-
tween church and state. “This is the experience all gen-
erations of Russian people went
through,” he said. “Our people
were sent to prisons under all
governments.” But, he added, “I
think that we are rolling down to
the practices of Iran, where one
can get into prison for religious
crimes, or Saudi Arabia. Is that
what we want to see here?” Anti-Putin Stunt Earns
Band Two Years in Jail
LUCAS JACKSON/REUTERS
A protester was arrested on Friday outside the Russian Consulate in New York. More photos are online at nytimes.com/world.
From Page A1
Reporting was contributed by Ste-
ven Lee Myers from Washington,
and Nikolay Khalip, Anna Kor-
dunsky, Ilya Mouzykantskii, An-
drew Roth and Anna Tikhomiro-
va from Moscow. The Department of De-
fense has identified 2,072
American service members
who have died as a part of
the Afghan war and related
operations. It confirmed the
deaths of the following
Americans recently:
HOLMAN, Eric S., 39, Staff Sgt.,
Army; Evans City, Pa.; 192nd
Ordnance Battalion, 52nd Ord-
nance Group, 20th Support
Command.
KELLER, Andrew J., 22, Pfc.,
Army; Tigard, Ore.; First Bat-
talion, 503rd Infantry Regi-
ment, 173rd Airborne Brigade
Combat Team.
Names of the Dead
A9
Ø
N
SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By KIM SEVERSON
ATLANTA — The list of things you
learn about yourself when you get out of
prison after 17 years is long: You’re al-
lergic to shrimp, or you’re paralyzed by
the choices in a grocery store or moved
to tears by the softness of the night sky.
The men known as the West Mem-
phis Three thought they would die in
prison, linked forever as the torturers
and killers of three young boys. They
have been free for a year now, living as
little more than acquaintances in a
world flooded with possibilities. Yet they are still linked, not only by a
series of coming books and movies but
by a legion of fervent supporters who
hold them as a symbol of a flawed legal
system.
“Honestly, we all lived through this
horrible time in our own way and got
through it differently, so now I guess we
all have a different way of healing,” said
Jason Baldwin, 35, who went into prison
a quiet, heavy metal-loving teenager
ready to start a job as a grocery store
bagger and came out — much to the
amazement of most people who meet
him — a sweet, optimistic and slightly
goofy man who wants to help people
who have been wrongly accused.
Over the course of nearly two dec-
ades, their imprisonment grew into a
much-examined narrative about wrong-
ful conviction, class, conformity and the
power of celebrity. It ended last August in a legally awk-
ward deal that had them declaring their
innocence but pleading guilty to the
murders while the State of Arkansas es-
sentially admitted the evidence against
them was weak but possibly viable.
On Saturday, supporters of the three
will party on Beale Street in Memphis to
mark the anniversary of their release.
The three men will not be there. In the year that has passed, their
paths have crossed mostly for media
events or awards.
Jessie Misskelley, 37 — then a hard-
partying teenager with a low I.Q. and a
penchant for fighting whose shaky con-
fession led to their conviction in 1994 —
headed back to his old Arkansas neigh-
borhood to be near his father. He be-
came engaged to a woman with two
children and started to study auto me-
chanics.
Mr. Baldwin, who taught classes to
other inmates while he served a life sen-
tence, is working toward a law degree in
Seattle. He is deeply in love with Holly
Ballard, a longtime supporter who
wrote and visited him regularly. He, Mr.
Misskelley and Ms. Ballard are listed as
executive producers on “Devil’s Knot,”
a feature film that was shot in the Atlan-
ta area over the summer.
Damien Echols, the brooding, charis-
matic star of the trio and the one who
spent nearly two decades confined for
23 hours a day in small cinder-block box
on death row, could barely walk when
he got out. Inside, he became a Zen Bud-
dhist and married Lorri Davis, a Man-
hattan landscape architect who became
the driver behind the effort to free him. He moved to New York and wrote
“Life After Death,” a memoir that will
be released in September. He got
matching tattoos with his friend Johnny
Depp and spent time with Eddie Ved-
der, the Pearl Jam frontman who was a West Memphis Three, a Year Out of Prison, Navigate New Paths
WEST MEMPHIS POLICE DEPARTMENT, VIA HBO
From left, Jessie Misskelley, Damien Echols and Jason Baldwin, the West
Memphis Three, after their 1993 arrests in the murder of three boys.
Coming soon: A memoir
and a Hollywood movie
about the case.
Continued on Page A13
By ROBBIE BROWN
ATLANTA — Molly Rose Freeman
gasped at the size of her wall: 180 feet
long, 20 feet tall, a street artist’s dream.
When she arrived in Atlanta on
Wednesday, the subway underpass was
blank concrete, speckled with dirt, spi-
derwebs and weeds. By Sunday, Ms.
Freeman, a 25-year-old Memphis
muralist, will have turned it into her lat-
est artwork: a lattice of blue and pink
shapes, brightening a once-dull road-
way.
She will also have joined an assault
on blight in Atlanta. Here in a city with
one of the nation’s highest foreclosure
rates, a project called Living Walls com-
missions artists to spruce up recession-
hit neighborhoods. While traditional graffiti may often be
seen as a sign of urban decay, these mu-
rals — sprawling, brightly colored por-
traits and designs — aim to instill some
optimism. The Atlanta-based project, which be-
gan last week and ends Sunday, gives 28
artists their own spaces: sides of build-
ings, foreclosed houses and subway un-
derpasses. All paintings are done with
owners’ permission and city permits, in
neighborhoods like the crumbling Edge-
wood district, not far from where the
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. grew
up.
“Painting a mural is not just saving
money for the wall owner,” said Monica
Campana, who helped found the project
in 2010. “It’s giving a new look to a
block, and it may be helping the neigh-
borhood economically.”
This year, its third, Living Walls has
invited only female muralists. The goal
is to showcase the creations, in aerosol
and latex paint, of women from around
the world, including Argentina, Brazil,
Canada, Italy and Spain. The project,
which includes lectures and parties cel-
ebrating street art, is also meant as an
alternative to larger conferences, like
Art Basel Miami or the Congress for the
New Urbanism.
As Living Walls has grown in scope
and recognition, its sponsorship has ex-
panded to include a prominent law firm,
the Museum of Design Atlanta and the
W Hotel, where the artists receive free
lodging. And there are other signs of At-
lanta’s embracing street art. A 22-mile
loop of jogging trails and public parks
under construction around the city now
features an array of commissioned
works. “We’re not New York, we’re not
L.A., we’re not Miami, with the history
of street art,” Ms. Campana said. “But in
a sense, that’s what’s appealing: you
can bring street art to a new city.”
The city has also redoubled efforts to
rub out a different form of street art: il-
legal graffiti. Two years ago, the mayor
created a graffiti task force and the At-
lanta police dedicated a full-time officer
to track down the most prolific offend-
ers. Last October, the city arrested sev-
en men between 19 and 29 who they said
were responsible for 800 acts of graffiti
vandalism. They received fines and pro-
bation. One of those arrested, Josh Feigert,
28, sees a double standard in the city’s
embrace of projects like Living Walls,
while it cracks down on graffiti. “It
seems hypocritical,” he said. “I would
hope people would learn a little more
about graffiti, and that it is an art form,
as well.”
But a police spokesman, Carlos Cam-
pos, said it was not the department’s job
to determine the line between art and
graffiti. “If someone spray-paints on a piece
of property that doesn’t belong to them,
without permission, that is a crime,” he
said. “It doesn’t matter how beautiful or
artistic it is.”
R.J. Rushmore, a blogger who creat-
ed a popular site called Vandalog about
street art, said the form was so dom-
inated by men that he had mistakenly
assumed that some new, anonymous
artists were men. “This really bucks the trend of it be-
ing a boy’s club,” he said.
Shanda Rogers is a makeup artist at a
salon in the East Atlanta neighborhood
where one of the murals was painted. A
formerly drab wall is now covered with
the bright zigzags and the smiling faces
of three Jamaican children.
“It just makes me want to dance,” Ms.
Rogers said. “This whole neighborhood
feels different.”
Even once-skeptical neighborhoods
have embraced the murals. Rodney
Bowman, a carpenter, had grown so
frustrated by illegal graffiti artists that
he spent a night in a tree waiting to
catch the vandals who struck at a near-
by church. But he found a mural by Liv-
ing Walls to his liking.
“Graffiti is just some scrawl,” he said.
“But this is beautiful. This is art.” PHOTOGRAPHS BY VIRGINIE DRUJON-KIPPELEN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Indigo, a street artist from Vancouver, B.C., is among the international artists taking part in the Living Walls art project in Atlanta. Putting a Good Face
On Street Art,
To Upgrade Atlanta
The all-female cast
for this year’s
project includes:
top, Katey Truhn,
29, of Baltimore;
bottom, Hyuro, of
Argentina, working
on her mural near
Chosewood Park, in
south Atlanta; in
between, Jessie
Unterhalter, in
tools of the trade.
A big difference between
this public art and
graffiti: this art is legal.
By JOHN ELIGON
KANSAS CITY, Mo. — The first crimi-
nal prosecution of Planned Parenthood
came to an abrupt end Friday when
Kansas prosecutors dropped all charges
against a local affiliate accused of failing
to determine the viability of fetuses be-
fore abortions were performed.
Many of the 107 charges, some of
them felonies, initially filed against the
affiliate, Planned Parenthood of Kansas
and Mid-Missouri, had already been
dismissed since they were filed in 2007. The dismissal of the remaining
charges, all misdemeanors, was an-
nounced Friday in a news release by
Steve Howe, the district attorney for
Johnson County, and Derek Schmidt,
the state attorney general.
They said that state law did not pro-
hibit Planned Parenthood from using
the gestational age of fetuses to de-
termine whether they were viable or
could survive outside of the womb.
Planned Parenthood had contended
that fetuses from 22 weeks to 24 weeks
old are not viable, and given the mortal-
ity rates of premature babies, prosecu-
tors said they could not adequately dis-
pute that finding.
“It is an unfortunate conclusion that I
don’t think is going to satisfy anybody,
but that is the reality of what we have to
deal with today,” Mr. Howe said at a
news conference in his office in Olathe,
Kan., according to The Associated
Press. “But ultimately, the decision
should be about the law and the evi-
dence.”
In Kansas, a hotbed for the abortion
debate, the decision ends a messy legal
fight that saw both sides lobbing accu-
sations of political misconduct.
The case started under Phill Kline, a
staunch abortion opponent who, when
he was the Johnson County district at-
torney, led a sweeping investigation of
the state’s abortion providers. Initially, investigators looked into al-
legations that providers were not re-
porting all child rape cases.
In 2007, Mr. Kline filed charges
against Planned Parenthood accusing it
of failing to maintain copies of abortion
paperwork and then, fearing detection,
of completing it after an investigation
had begun.
But many of those charges were
dropped because, prosecutors said,
records had been destroyed and some
of the allegations fell outside of the stat-
ute of limitations.
On Friday, Mr. Howe and Mr. Schmidt
went into great depth in explaining
their decision to drop the charges, say-
ing they had consulted numerous doc-
tors and had weighed Planned Par-
enthood’s practices against accepted
medical norms.
Planned Parenthood celebrated its le-
gal victory with a strongly worded
statement that blasted Mr. Kline and
Gov. Sam Brownback, a Republican and
an abortion opponent, for what they
called a political prosecution that in-
truded on the privacy of women’s med-
ical decisions.
“This case has been an abuse of polit-
ical power, pure and simple,” Pedro Iri-
gonegaray, a lawyer for Planned Par-
enthood, said in the statement.
The case, Planned Parenthood said,
“should serve as a warning to all Kan-
sans and all Americans about the dan-
gers to our free society of electing ex-
tremists and ideologues to positions of
power.”
Abortion Cases
Against Clinic
Are Dropped
By Prosecutors
The end of a messy legal
fight in Kansas that had
both sides making charges
of political misconduct.
A10
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NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By DAN FROSCH
DENVER — Monday is the
first day of the school year for
Metropolitan State University of
Denver, a compact, urban cam-
pus in the heart of the city’s
downtown. It also signifies the dawn of a
controversial new policy for this
institution of 24,000. Among the
crowd of students who will show
up for class next week are dozens
of illegal immigrants who, as part
of a specially tailored tuition rate,
can now qualify for a reduced fee
if they live in Colorado. The new rate, approved by the
university’s board of trustees in
June, has garnered praise from
immigrant rights advocates here
who have tried for years to get
legislation passed that would al-
low state colleges to offer dis-
counted tuition to local, illegal im-
migrant students. But the policy has also drawn
the ire of conservatives who are
threatening to sue the university
to keep the rate from being put in
place and have accused Metro
State of openly defying Colorado
law. Stephen Jordan, Metro State’s
president, said the board took ac-
tion after Colorado lawmakers
failed to pass a similar tuition
proposal this year. “Clearly, from
our perspective, these are young
people who were brought here of
no accord of their own,” he said. “I think what our board was
saying was, ‘Why wouldn’t we
want to provide an affordable tu-
ition rate for these students?’” he
added. “So that they can get a
college degree and become
meaningful contributors to the
economy of Colorado.” Under the new rate, illegal im-
migrants will pay $7,157.04 per
year at Metro State. That is near-
ly $3,000 higher than the tuition
for legal Colorado students but
about $8,000 lower than what out-
of-state students pay. Only those students who at-
tended high school in Colorado
for at least three years and re-
ceived their high school or gen-
eral equivalency diplomas here
are eligible. So far, more than 100
have qualified, university offi-
cials said. Dalia Quezada, 18, an illegal
immigrant from Mexico, will
start her freshman year at Metro
State on Monday. Ms. Quezada, whose family
brought her to the United States
when she was 6, said she could
not afford college if not for the
discount. “My dream was always to at-
tend a big university,” she said.
“But realistically, it was too ex-
pensive. But when Metro made
the change, it opened up an op-
portunity. It’s like my dream is
becoming a reality.” Still, in a state where about 20
percent of residents are Hispanic
and where the tuition issue gen-
erates rancor in the legislature,
the new policy has provoked a fu-
ror, largely among Republican
lawmakers. On June 20, university officials
were called before a hearing of
the legislature’s Joint Budget
Committee to defend their plan. That same week, Colorado’s at-
torney general, John W. Suthers,
issued a nonbinding legal opinion
criticizing the policy. “The decision by Metropolitan
State College of Denver to pro-
ceed on its own to create a new
tuition category, undeterred by
the legislature’s repeated rejec-
tion of specific authorizing legis-
lation, is simply not supported by
governing law,” Mr. Suthers said
in a statement at the time. According to the Higher Edu-
cation Alliance, a coalition of Col-
orado groups that supports the
new policy, 13 states offer in-state
tuition for students who are in
this country illegally. But oppo-
nents have defeated similar
measures in Colorado six times. A spokeswoman for Mr. Suth-
ers, a Republican, declined to ad-
dress Metro State’s tuition rate,
saying in an e-mail that the at-
torney general’s office would not
comment on “matters that may
potentially be litigated.”
Tom Tancredo, a former Colo-
rado congressman and presiden-
tial candidate who now heads the
Rocky Mountain Foundation, a
conservative research organiza-
tion, said his group intended to
sue the university in the next few
months. Mr. Tancredo, a fierce propo-
nent of tightening immigration
laws, said: “There was a pro-
posal to allow this in the legisla-
ture. It failed. In its failure, it
seems to me that a pretty strong
signal was sent that you can’t do
this in the absence of law.” Terrance Carroll, a Metro State
board member and former Dem-
ocratic speaker of the state
House of Representatives, said
there was always a concern
about legal action, but the school
remained confident the policy
was lawful. University officials also said
they were heartened by Presi-
dent Obama’s executive order
deferring deportation of young il-
legal immigrants who have been
in the United States since they
were children. Though the deferral program,
which began accepting applica-
tions this week, does not directly
affect Metro State, advocates
hope it will help bolster support
to expand the tuition policy to
other Colorado colleges. Sarahi Hernández, 19, who is
poised to start her sophomore
year at Metro State, said the re-
duced tuition would allow her to
focus on school, rather than wor-
rying about drumming up
enough money to enroll. “It doesn’t mean I won’t have
to work,” Ms. Hernández said.
“But it will allow me to get my
dream going.” PHOTOGRAPHS BY MATTHEW STAVER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Dalia Quezada, who will be attending Metropolitan State University of Denver, says its new policy will enable her to afford college.
A College Lifts a Hurdle
For Illegal Immigrants
Sarahi Hernández says she will have less anxiety about money and more time to focus on school.
A new tuition policy
has raised hopes of
potential students but
anger among some
lawmakers.
By STEVEN YACCINO
CHICAGO — Illinois lawmak-
ers, who gathered at the Capitol
in Springfield for a special ses-
sion on Friday, failed to reach
agreement on a pension package
aimed at addressing the state’s
ballooning fiscal problems. Pension costs in Illinois now
account for 15 percent of a $33.7
billion budget that Gov. Pat
Quinn signed in June, compared
with 6 percent a few years ago.
All told, the state is on the hook
for more than $83 billion in un-
funded pension liabilities, the
worst of any state in the country. No one in the state denies the
crisis at hand. But the protracted
fight over how to fix it has been a
struggle for Mr. Quinn, a Demo-
crat who is caught between an-
gry unions that helped elect him
in 2010 and Republicans asking
for deeper cuts as concern grows
that bond rating agencies could
downgrade the state if a compro-
mise cannot be reached. “Today is a disappointing day
for Illinois taxpayers,” Mr. Quinn
said in a statement on Friday
evening. “The only thing stand-
ing between our state and pen-
sion reform is politics.”
States hit hard by the recession
across the country have been tin-
kering with their pension pro-
grams in recent years in an effort
to fix long-term financing prob-
lems as millions of baby boomers
reach retirement. Between 2009
and 2011, 43 states enacted some
form of major alterations to their
retirement plans for public em-
ployees and teachers, according
to the National Conference of
State Legislatures. Such laws
were a rarity before 2005. Lawmakers in Illinois have
over the years voted to skip con-
tributions to the state’s pension
funds, choosing to use the money
for services and other budget es-
sentials instead. For months,
they have been divided over new
legislation to shore up their pen-
sion shortfalls.
One measure would give state
employees a grim choice: keep
the current 3 percent compound-
ed cost-of-living adjustment to
their retirement checks each
year and lose state-sponsored
health insurance, or keep health
insurance, but with lesser annual
increases. That plan, which failed to come
to a vote in the General Assembly
after negotiations broke down on
Friday, would have eliminated
the state’s unfunded liabilities
over the next 30 years, according
to the governor’s budget office.
Union leaders vehemently op-
posed the bill and said the gover-
nor was making public workers
carry the burden of a problem
that they did not cause. They
have suggested closing corporate
tax loopholes to help raise state
revenue.
At the Illinois State Fair this
week, a crowd of union-led pro-
testers, upset with the governor’s
proposal, booed throughout his
speech as a plane flying overhead
pulled a sign that read “Gov.
Quinn — Unfair to Workers.”
Some were demonstrating again
at the State Capitol on Friday. “You would think a Democratic
governor would be on the side of
the working people,” said Henry
Bayer, executive director of the
American Federation of State,
County and Municipal Employ-
ees Council 31, a public services
workers’ union in Illinois, calling
the proposed cuts “a Republican
program.”
But Mr. Quinn has not felt
much love from state Republi-
cans either. They say the pro-
posed cuts are not comprehen-
sive enough because they do not
address pensions for teachers,
university employees or judges. “These pension systems in Illi-
nois are on the brink of near col-
lapse,” said Tom Cross, the House
Republican leader, stressing the
need to “do it right.”
A scaled-back pension bill was
debated on the House floor on
Friday that would have only al-
tered elected officials’ pension
benefits as a “first step.” But
even that failed to come to a vote
in the Democrat-dominated legis-
lature after it became clear it
could not get enough support. The governor’s budget office,
meanwhile, projects that the
state’s pension debt continues to
grow by $12.6 million each day
the debate continues.
Illinois Legislators Fail to Agree on Pension Package
PHOTOGRAPHS BY SETH PERLMAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Mike Phillips of Vandalia, Ill., booed the governor this week at the State Fair in Springfield.
Gov. Pat Quinn, a Democrat, is caught between angry unions
that helped elect him and Republicans seeking deeper cuts. Illinois’s unfunded
pension liability is at
more than $83 billion,
the worst of any state.
No day is complete
without
The New York Times.
Ø
N
A11
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
CAMPAIGN 2012
Bush quickly nominated a slate
of appeals court judges early in
his first year — including several
outspoken conservatives — Mr.
Obama moved more slowly and
sought relatively moderate ju-
rists who he hoped would not pro-
voke culture wars that distracted
attention from his ambitious leg-
islative agenda.
“The White House in that first
year did not want to nominate
candidates who would generate
rancorous disputes over social is-
sues that would further polarize
the Senate,” said Gregory B.
Craig, Mr. Obama’s first White
House counsel. “We were looking
for mainstream, noncontrover-
sial candidates to nominate.”
Mr. Obama has still put a sig-
nificant stamp on the judiciary,
appointing two Supreme Court
justices — the same number as
Mr. Clinton and Mr. Bush each
did in eight years — and 30 ap-
peals court judges, roughly as
many as either did on average
per term.But his impact has
been uneven. He has made signif-
icant changes to some appeals
court circuits — which have the
final word on tens of thousands of
cases a year — while leaving oth-
ers untouched. In federal district courts,
where trials are held, Mr. Obama
has appointed just 125 such
judges, compared with 170 at a
similar point in Mr. Clinton’s first
term and 162 for Mr. Bush.
Mr. Obama is virtually certain
to leave more vacant federal
judgeships at the end of his term
for the winner of the 2012 election
to fill than he inherited from Mr.
Bush.Beyond sheer numbers,
Mr. Obama has reduced his long-
term influence by appointing
judges who were more than four
years older, on average, than Mr.
Bush’s, according to data com-
piled by Russell Wheeler, a
Brookings Institution scholar.
Mr. Obama has also largely
shied away from nominating as-
sertive liberals who might stand
as ideological counterpoints to
some of the assertive conserva-
tives Mr. Bush named. Instead of
prominent liberal academics
whose scholarly writings and
videotaped panel discussions
would provide ammunition to
conservatives, Mr. Obama grav-
itated toward litigators, prosecu-
tors and sitting district and state
judges, especially those who
would diversify the bench.
Mr. Obama was also initially
slow to make nominations, falling
far behind Mr. Bush’s pace in his
first year, and while his tempo
later picked up, his administra-
tion never closed the gap. There
are no nominees for several doz-
en open seats, according to data
compiled by the liberal Alliance
for Justice.
Even when the White House
produced nominees, they faced
significant obstacles on the Sen-
ate floor. Republicans used pro-
cedural rules to delay votes on
uncontroversial appeals court
nominees and on district court
nominees, forcing Democrats to
consume hours of precious Sen-
ate floor time on confirmation
votes for judges of a type that
previously would have been
quickly handled.
“Obama didn’t assertively put
forward progressive candidates
who would be the ideological
counterweights to some Repub-
lican appointees, and yet his
choices have been met with re-
lentless obstructionism anyway,”
said Nan Aron, president of the
Alliance for Justice. “All of this
has left Obama with a significant-
ly smaller judicial footprint than
he is entitled to.”
Even as many liberals have re-
acted tepidly to Mr. Obama’s
nominees, conservatives have re-
mained skeptical. M. Edward
Whelan III, a prominent legal
blogger and the president of the
Ethics and Public Policy Center,
said he suspected that many
would turn out to be “activist”
left-wing judges. “Because the left is losing the
debate over judicial philosophy,
they are looking for folks who can
be depicted as more moderate,”
he said. “The sort of record that
makes a candidate a ‘rock star’ to
the left also makes that candidate
politically toxic.”
Ambiguous Philosophy
It is far from clear, however,
that Mr. Obama’s relatively mod-
erate choices merely reflect polit-
ical expedience. Despite hopes by
some supporters that he would
seek to balance ideologically con-
servative judges with liberals, his
own views on judicial philosophy
are ambiguous.
Teaching constitutional law at
the University of Chicago, he
gained a reputation as a prag-
matist who sometimes chal-
lenged liberal orthodoxies. Posi-
tioning himself for a Democratic
presidential primary, he com-
piled a nearly uniformly liberal
record on judges as a senator,
voting against John G. Roberts
Jr. as chief justice and filibus-
tering some Bush nominees.
Unlike Mr. Bush, who cast a
spotlight on his nominees and ju-
dicial philosophy, Mr. Obama has
rarely discussed his views and
has sometimes offered seeming
contradictions. For example, he
said judges should have “empa-
thy” for people’s struggles and
understand how rulings “affect
the daily realities of people’s
lives” — but also that they should
impartially “approach decisions
without any particular ideology
or agenda.”
Mr. Obama’s most prominent
comments about judges as presi-
dent have been his criticism of
what he has portrayed as a grow-
ing “lack of judicial restraint” by
conservatives seeking to over-
turn campaign finance restric-
tions and his health care law.
But in April 2010, he shocked
some supporters by suggesting a
disparaging equivalence between
recent conservative legal efforts
and liberal court victories in the
1960s and ’70s.
“It used to be that the notion of
an activist judge was somebody
who ignored the will of Congress,
ignored democratic processes
and tried to impose judicial solu-
tions on problems instead of let-
ting the process work itself
through politically,” Mr. Obama
said. “And in the ’60s and ’70s, the
feeling was — is that liberals
were guilty of that kind of ap-
proach. What you’re now seeing,
I think, is a conservative juris-
prudence that oftentimes makes
the same error.”
Restored Balance
When Mr. Bush left office, the
conservative legal movement
had made remarkable gains on
the appellate bench, in part be-
cause Republican presidents had
controlled such appointments for
20 of the previous 28 years.
Mr. Obama has managed to re-
store a degree of partisan bal-
ance on the appeals courts. To-
day, Democratic appointees
make up 49 percent of appeals
court judges, up from 39 percent
when Mr. Bush left office, and
they are majorities on 6 of the 13
circuits, up from just 1, according
to Mr. Wheeler. Two circuits exemplify Mr.
Obama’s mixed record. He has
transformed the Court of Appeals
for the Fourth Circuit, in Rich-
mond, Va., appointing 6 of its 15
active judges. Long considered
the most conservative circuit in
the nation, it now has a signif-
icantly more liberal-leaning ma-
jority. Last year, for example, the
court ruled on a case that arose in
2003 when a deputy sheriff in
Somerset County, Md., mistak-
enly shot a man who was trying
to avoid arrest for failing to pay
child support. The deputy
reached for his stun gun but acci-
dentally grabbed his handgun
and fired. The man, who survived, later
sued, only to have a district court
judge dismiss the case without a
trial. But last summer, the ap-
peals court voted, 9 to 3, to give
the man a chance to make his
case before a jury after all. For
the once-conservative Fourth
Circuit, a decision to side with a
plaintiff over a police officer in a
legally ambiguous dispute was a
startling sign of change.
But if the new-look Fourth Cir-
cuit represents Mr. Obama’s
greatest impact, its opposite is
the powerful District of Columbia
Circuit, which hears a range of
lawsuits like challenges to fed-
eral agency regulations and ha-
beas corpus suits by detainees at
Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. Mr. Obama waited nearly two
years to make his first nomina-
tion to that panel. After Repub-
licans — their numbers swollen
by the 2010 election — blocked a
confirmation vote, he waited
more than six months before try-
ing again. His failure to fill any of
its three vacancies has left a two-
vote majority of Republican-ap-
pointed judges in control.
Frustrated Hopes
Aides to Mr. Obama had initial-
ly planned to move more asser-
tively on lower-court judges. Af-
ter the 2008 election, aides on Mr.
Obama’s transition team filled a
three-ring binder with a list of
about two dozen potential ap-
peals courts nominees, several
people familiar with the process
said. But hopes of rolling them
out quickly were frustrated. Two Supreme Court vacancies
prompted aides to set aside most
work on lower judgeships. Per-
sonnel upheavals added to the
delays: Mr. Obama has had a re-
volving cast of White House
counsels and lower-ranking law-
yers assigned to vetting judicial
nominees. Mr. Obama’s emphasis on di-
versity — he has appointed a
higher percentage of women and
members of minority groups than
any predecessor — also slowed
the search. (Awkwardly, the
American Bar Association’s judi-
cial vetting committee later scut-
tled at least 14 finalists for nomi-
nations — nearly all women or
minorities — by declaring them
“not qualified.”)
And amid the fight on the
health care bill, the White House
negotiated with home-state law-
makers to get them to sign off
ahead of nominations. Some —
including Democrats — dragged
their feet, officials said.
In a speech last year, Mr. Oba-
ma’s second White House coun-
sel, Robert F. Bauer, complained
that lawmakers were “all too
often hard to pin down.”
“Sometimes it is just a question
of personal preference: the presi-
dent has selected a candidate,
and a particular member would
have chosen differently,” he said.
“And this stalls progress on fill-
ing the vacancy.”
The transition team’s list in-
cluded district judges it consid-
ered shoo-ins for elevation — like
David Hamilton, Mr. Obama’s
first nominee, who had an unex-
pectedly turbulent reception —
and several high-powered legal
scholars, including Pamela Kar-
lan and Kathleen Sullivan, both of
Stanford University, and Good-
win Liu of the University of Cali-
fornia, Berkeley, people familiar
with the list said.
Mr. Obama waited more than a
year — when the health care
fight was nearly over — before
nominating Mr. Liu for the Ninth
Circuit, based in San Francisco.
He was arguably the first Obama
nominee who was the ideological
equivalent of some of the most
controversial Bush nominees. Af-
ter a bruising fight, Republicans
ultimately blocked him with a fili-
buster.
Mr. Obama has not since nomi-
nated anyone else in his mold.
Ms. Karlan — another prominent
liberal academic — said the
White House asked her in Febru-
ary 2009 if she was interested in
being considered. She said yes
but never heard back. While she said she was not dis-
appointed, Ms. Karlan expressed
worries that if Republicans nomi-
nated outspoken conservatives
but Democrats did not nominate
equally liberal ones, the center of
mainstream legal debate would
shift to the right.“I don’t think
I’m any more liberal than An-
tonin Scalia is conservative,” she
said. “I believe in capitalism. I be-
lieve in America. I believe that
we should have criminal laws.
It’s not like I’m an anarchist.”
She also criticized Mr. Obama’s
tactics in nominating Mr. Liu by
himself, which she likened to
sending a single soldier onto a
battlefield to draw all of an oppo-
nent’s fire. By contrast, she noted, Mr.
Bush put forth groups of out-
spoken conservatives at once. A
few were blocked, but most made
it through.
Low-Key Model
But for Mr. Obama, the Liu de-
feat was a lesson. Even after the
2010 midterm elections, when the
Republican takeover of the
House curtailed his legislative
agenda, he stuck to the relatively
low-key model he had adopted at
the start of his presidency.
Last fall, for example, Mr. Oba-
ma nominated Paul J. Watford to
the Ninth Circuit, who was con-
firmed in May. In part because he
is black and relatively young,
Judge Watford has attracted at-
tention as a potential Supreme
Court prospect on the Democrat-
ic judicial farm team. But he has
a strikingly mixed résumé for a
judge with such status. A former prosecutor and law
firm partner, Judge Watford
clerked for a liberal Supreme
Court justice but also for a con-
servative appeals court judge. He
represented liberal clients — sup-
porters of campaign finance re-
strictions and the rights of gay
people — but also corporations
facing suits over human rights
abuses and faulty products.
Some liberals have held out
hopes that Mr. Obama might be
more aggressive on judicial
nominations in a second term; as
his term progressed, Mr. Obama
became more combative with
Congressional Republicans. But Sheldon Goldman, a politi-
cal science professor at the Uni-
versity of Massachusetts,Am-
herst, said that without signif-
icant changes to Senate rules, a
greater push might make little
difference.
“If Obama is re-elected, he is
still going to face these same
problems — and if he has a Re-
publican Senate, it will be much
worse,” he said. “I think the best
liberals can hope for is for Obama
to be able to appoint middle-of-
the-road people that will hold
back the pressure of conserva-
tive activism. But certainly the
great expectations when he was
elected have not come to fru-
ition.”
Obama Lags on Filling Seats in the Judiciary, Limiting His Mark on the Bench
65
81
33%
46
43
33
24
31
27
18
55
33
42
27
33
50
46
43
40
77
63
64
82
38
67
58
55
67
33%
62
50
67
29
38
27
18
66
33
50
27
50
50
39
43
33
59
63
64
82
31
50
33
46
42
100
84
Obama’s Impact on the Federal Courts of Appeals
President Obama was initially slow to make judicial nominations and has faced stiff opposition from Senate Republicans. Vacancies on the district courts have increased during his term, but he has restored some partisan balance to the appeals court bench.
Number of appeals court judges appointed by ...
VACANT
VACANT VACANT
2009
2012
Composition of each court:2009 2012
CIRCUIT LOCATION APPOINTED BY:
DEM.REP.DEM.REP.
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Richmond, Va.
New Orleans
Cincinnati
Chicago
St. Louis
San Francisco
Denver
Atlanta
District of Columbia
Federal circuit
The Fourth Circuit includes Judge Roger Gregory, originally given a recess appointment by President Bill Clinton and then renominated by President George W. Bush, as a Democratic appointee.
... a Democrat... a Republican
Source: Russell Wheeler, Brookings Institution
THE NEW YORK TIMES
14
14
A MEASURE OF CHANGE
Mixed Mark on the Bench
By BRIAN STELTER and MICHAEL SHEAR
Complaining about the moder-
ators of the presidential debates
is a time-honored tradition of the
election season. Usually, the com-
plaints wait until the moderators
have actually asked a question. Not this year. Monday’s an-
nouncement of this fall’s modera-
tors — Jim Lehrer and Bob
Schieffer will preside over two
presidential debates; CNN’s Can-
dy Crowley over a third, town-
hall style debate; and ABC’s
Martha Raddatz will moderate
the vice-presidential debate —
exposed the gulf between a new
media environment moving at
hyperspeed and the secretive
Commission on Presidential De-
bates, which is steeped in the tra-
ditions of political stagecraft from
prior decades. Alan Schroeder, a Northeast-
ern University professor who has
written books about presidential
debates, said the four moderators
were “pretty mainstream” and
noted the complaints about a lack
of diversity this year. Univision,
the Spanish language broadcast-
ing giant, used its nightly news-
cast on Wednesday to draw at-
tention to the lack of bilingual
moderators and call for a candi-
date forum on its network. The
National Association of Black
Journalists on Friday bemoaned
the lack of black moderators as
“unacceptable.”
Even the selection of Ms. Crow-
ley as the first female presiden-
tial debate moderator in 20 years
has been overshadowed by com-
plaints about other choices seen
as “safe,” like Mr. Lehrer, who
was chosen for the 12th time.
“We cannot make everybody
happy. That’s just a fact of life,”
said Mike McCurry, a former
spokesman for President Bill
Clinton who now serves on the
commission. “I have talked to at
least one network news division
that was in an unhappy place.”
Strategists at both campaigns
believe the series of October face-
offs could be critical in determin-
ing who wins the White House
this fall. But they are not eager to
wade into the office politics of the
selection process. “Nothing to say, but thanks for
the opportunity,” Ben Ginsberg,
the chief debate negotiator for
Mr. Romney’s campaign, said in
an e-mail message. But despite the denials from all
sides, veteran political operatives
say it is understood that cam-
paign aides will find ways to com-
municate their wishes to the
commission members — at cock-
tail parties, in casual conversa-
tions over drinks or in “chance”
encounters. The commission ruled out pick-
ing one of the top three network
news anchors, knowing how the
other two might react. Mr. Lehrer
had sworn he would never mod-
erate a presidential debate again,
perhaps in part because of the
criticism he received in 2000 that
he was not aggressive enough,
prompting him to scoff, “If some-
body wants to be entertained,
they ought to go to the circus.”
When commission members
asked if he would change his
mind, he initially answered with
a Shermanesque statement: “If
drafted, I will not run; if nominat-
ed, I will not accept; if elected, I
will not serve.” But he was eventually per-
suaded, he said, by a new debate
format: six distinct 15-minute
segments, with candidates get-
ting two minutes to respond to
questions, with the remaining
time left for a deeper exploration
of a topic. “He sniffed around when they
got the new format and became
interested again,” said one televi-
sion official who, like the others
involved in the process, would
not speak for the record because
the discussions were private.
“There is always lobbying that
goes on, but people were sur-
prised that this is who they ended
up with.”
Fox News, which is the only in-
dependent television network
that has not been selected to
have one of its anchors host a de-
bate, made an aggressive push
this year. The commission sent
signals that the network was in
strong contention, people famil-
iar with the process said, but that
changed in the last month. The
Obama campaign raised ques-
tions about the network because
of its conservative leanings. The
Romney campaign objected to
MSNBC because of its liberal
bent and threatened to boycott if
one of its anchors was selected.
Mr. Schieffer, known as
“Schieff” to several members of
the commission, was seen by par-
ticipants as a likely moderator
from the beginning. Wolf Blitzer
of CNN was believed to be a lead-
ing contender, but a desire for di-
versity elevated Ms. Crowley, af-
ter Mr. Lehrer and Mr. Schieffer
were already in place, according
to people familiar with the dis-
cussions. On Friday, Rush Limbaugh
railed against Ms. Crowley (“a
far, far left-wing Democrat mom-
ma”) and Mr. Schieffer (“a far,
far left-wing Democrat and dino-
saur”). He called Ms. Raddatz
and Mr. Lehrer “far, far left” as
well. More surprising was the re-
action at PBS’s NewsHour, Mr.
Lehrer’s home for more than 35
years until his retirement last
year. The morning editorial meet-
ing was under way on Monday
when The Drudge Report re-
vealed the names of the four
moderators. Gwen Ifill and Judy
Woodruff, the leaders of the pro-
gram’s political coverage, were
stunned to see the names. In the suddenly gloomy meet-
ing, some wondered if the list was
legitimate. Others murmured
that the selection of Mr. Lehrer
was a setback for the “News-
Hour,” which has been trying to
show off younger stars like Ms.
Ifill. Ms. Ifill, in particular, was
livid, according to several people
present. “I was indeed disap-
pointed,” she confirmed Friday. Criticism Greets List Of Debate Moderators PAUL HOSEFROS/THE NEW YORK TIMES
During a 1996 presidential debate, Bob Dole and Bill Clinton greeted Jim Lehrer, who will again moderate this year.
‘Mainstream’ picks
for the Obama and
Romney face-offs. Brian Stelter reported from New
York, and Michael Shear from
Washington.
This is the fourth article in a se-
ries examining President Oba-
ma’s record.Previous articles at:
nytimes.com/politics
From Page A1
By TRIP GABRIEL
SPRINGFIELD, Va. — It is
hard to imagine Mitt Romney, the
Republican presidential candi-
date, sauntering into a hot-dog
restaurant and having an elderly,
white-haired woman shout, “Hey,
kick some tail!”
That is the greeting his new
running mate, Paul D. Ryan, got
in Ohio this week, though the
woman’s language was saltier. Like all vice-presidential candi-
dates, Mr. Ryan was picked to
balance his party’s ticket, and
one way he is the lid to Mr. Rom-
ney’s pot is his approachability,
the comfort level he inspires in
everyday people.
“Hey, I’m Paul,” he says,
thrusting out a hand. At the Iowa
State Fair he strolled arm in arm
with the state’s Senator Charles
E. Grassley like high-school
sweethearts — another image
impossible to imagine with Mr.
Romney.
As Mr. Paul completed his first
week as the Republican vice-
presidential candidate, whooshed
overnight to the highest level of
American celebrity with its perks
and poison darts, he might have
wished once or twice that he
was in Colorado, climbing an-
other Fourteener, which is how
he had planned to spend the
week if Mr. Romney did not call.
State troopers now block in-
terstate highway traffic to allow
his motorcade to pass. At the
same time, on Friday TMZ post-
ed a picture of him shirtless, and
he has experienced a head-spin-
ning level of scrutiny from every
detail of his record in office to
whether his suit coats are cut too
big.
He stumbled a little under the
intense exposure, denying he had
requested funds from the federal
stimulus while denouncing it in
2009 as a “wasteful spending
spree.” That was Wednesday. By
Thursday, he said that he had
taken a closer look at his records
and acknowledged requesting
money on behalf of conservation
groups from his Wisconsin dis-
trict. Over all, Mr. Ryan easily
passed the “deer in the head-
lights” test that undermined the
rollout of an earlier Republican
vice-presidential pick, Dan
Quayle, in 1988. He has drawn crowds in the
thousands in Colorado, Nevada,
Ohio and Virginia, who applaud-
ed throughout his 20-minute
stump speech even at lines that
offer only medium-rare meat. He has had at least two years
of tempering as a Republican
lightning rod for his aggressive
House budgets. And he says he
has led more than 500 town hall
meetings about Medicare, a topic
already heating up the summer. With that in mind, Mr. Ryan
has been prepping for his two
biggest challenges before Elec-
tion Day: an October debate with
Vice President Joseph R. Biden,
Jr., whose expertise in foreign af-
fairs should put Mr. Ryan on the
spot, and his acceptance speech
at the party convention in less
than two weeks.
In advance of the debate, Mr.
Ryan has had policy briefings
with Dan Senor, a senior adviser
to Mr. Romney who is an expert
on Israel and the Middle East,
and also crafts speeches. On
Tuesday, Mr. Senor boarded the
candidate’s plane in Denver with
two fat briefing books under his
arm. They later were open on a
table at the front of the plane as
Mr. Ryan pored over them on the
flight to Las Vegas. His front-of-the-plane entou-
rage also includes two venerable
Republican speechwriters work-
ing on his convention address,
John McConnell, who worked for
President George W. Bush, and
Matthew Scully, who wrote the
Sarah Palin speech four years
ago that electrified the party.
But unlike Ms. Palin, Mr. Ryan
has no need to introduce himself
to the party base, which knows
and loves him already.
While vice-presidential candi-
dates are usually given the job of
attack dog, letting the candidate
at the top of the ticket strike a
statesmanlike tone, this has not
been Mr. Ryan’s job, as widely
expected. The roles were re-
versed this week, with Mr. Rom-
ney charging that Mr. Obama
“disgraced the presidency” and
telling him to take his “campaign
of division and anger and hate
back to Chicago.”
Mr. Ryan, for now, has been the
portrait of amiability on the
stump. He brushed off hecklers
at the Iowa State Fair for not be-
ing Midwest Nice. The campaign seems to be po-
sitioning Mr. Ryan for an unex-
pected role — not to electrify the
base, as many expected, but to of-
fer independents and wavering
Democrats an approachable por-
trait of conservatism. To the degree that involves Mr.
Ryan presenting his personal
journey of losing a father at a
young age and coming of age un-
der the mentorship of supply-side
figures like Jack Kemp, that may
prove a challenge. It turns out
Mr. Ryan is no more comfortable
speaking about his personal life
than Mr. Romney has been. But one surprise is how readily
Mr. Ryan talks about Mr. Rom-
ney’s personal story. He seems to
see in Mr. Romney the real-world
embodiment of his theories of the
free market, an Ayn Randian
hero of capitalism.
“Remember the Olympics?”
Mr. Ryan told a crowd in Virginia
on Friday, describing an organ-
izing committee in Utah in 1999
mired in overspending and
waste. “Well, what did they do?”
he asked. “They asked a man in
Massachusetts that they knew,
that they trusted, to take over
and save the Olympics.”
Ryan, Appearing at Ease in First Week on Trail, Begins to Look Ahead ERIC THAYER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Representative Paul D. Ryan in Virginia on Friday. Crowds have applauded throughout his 20-minute stump speech even at lines that offer medium-rare meat. A comfort level with
crowds is evident, but
a convention speech
and debate await.
A12
N
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
CAMPAIGN 2012
of low taxes, light regulations and
small government than philo-
sophical ruminations on work
and freedom. And since his emergence as the
key Congressional Republican on
the budget issue, Mr. Ryan has
become a particular favorite of —
and powerful influence on — the
intellectuals, economists, writers
and policy makers who are at the
heart of Washington’s conserva-
tive establishment.
Mr. Ryan “is the good think-
tanker-as-politician,” said Stuart
Butler, the director of the Center
for Policy Innovation at the Her-
itage Foundation, a right-of-cen-
ter research institution. “When
I’m having a discussion with
Ryan, I’m talking to someone
who knows the material as well
as, if not better than,I do.” Mr. Kristol, who has been one
of Mr. Ryan’s loudest boosters in
Washington, said, “He’s a guy
who, unlike 98 percent of mem-
bers of Congress, can sit in a con-
ference room or around the din-
ner table with 6 or 10 people from
think tanks and magazines and
more than hold his own in a dis-
cussion.” Aides and confidants of Mr.
Ryan describe him as an earnest-
ly interested, tactically minded
policy thinker,with a deep
knowledge of budget numbers
and close ties with the right’s in-
fluential policy heavies. In his 20 years in Washington,
Mr. Ryan has pursued ties with
two groups of thinkers in partic-
ular:policy scholars at research
groups like the American Enter-
prise Institute and commentators
like Mr. Kristol and George F.
Will of The Washington Post. The
reputation for wonkiness is mer-
ited, people close to Mr. Ryan
said. He goes home with a stack
of white papers. He calls econo-
mists when he has questions
about their budget projections or
ideas. He also athletically argues for
his policy ideas among the city’s
policy elite in the white-table-
cloth lunches, Capitol Hill meet-
ings, private dinners and retreats
where consensus gets formed. “He’s unusual,” Mr. Kristol
said. “The only member of Con-
gress I can remember like that is
Pat Moynihan,” he said, referring
to Senator Daniel Patrick Moyni-
han, a New York Democrat who
was known for his reaching intel-
lect.
Early in his career, Mr. Ryan
worked at a nonprofit advocacy
group, Empower America, now
part of FreedomWorks, after col-
lege and a brief stint on the Hill. Two of its founders, William J.
Bennett, the former education
secretary and current talk radio
host, and Jack Kemp, the former
housing secretary and 1996 Re-
publican vice-presidential candi-
date, became important mentors
to Mr. Ryan. Mr. Kemp died in
2009.
Mr. Kemp “taught me that big
ideas are the best politics,” Mr.
Ryan told National Review.
“They will always be challenged,
and they will sometimes be con-
troversial, but you have to do
what you think is right, what
you’re passionate about, and be a
strong advocate for it. If you do
that, you can shift the debate in a
major way.”
While Mr. Ryan is sometimes
compared to Mr. Kemp because
of their similar energetic and af-
fable styles, Mr. Ryan’s bedrock
belief in smaller government has
sometimes placed him to the
right of his mentors. Mr. Kemp “wasn’t hostile to
budget cuts, but he certainly
wasn’t enthusiastic about them,”
said Bruce Bartlett, a budget ex-
pert who worked on Mr. Kemp’s
staff and has known Mr. Ryan for
two decades. “Jack just never
thought that was important. He
thought growth was important.
He never proposed spending cuts
to pay for tax cuts or anything
like that.” The embrace by conservative
policy elites began after Mr. Ryan
became a prominent voice push-
ing for the privatization of the So-
cial Security system during the
George W. Bush administration.
Despite his lack of seniority —
and in no small part because of
his already firm reputation as an
economic policy thinker — Mr.
Ryan became the top Republican
on the budget committee in 2007
and then its chairman when Re-
publicans retook the House in
2010. In 2008, he released the first it-
eration of his budget,the “Road-
map for America’s Future.” It
won plaudits in a right-of-center
policy world that had gotten used
to politicians watering down its
ideas and acquiescing to a bloat-
ed federal budget through the
Bush years. “Probably more than any other
member of Congress, he says,
‘What if we really try to apply
conservative principles, limited-
government principles, to legisla-
tion? Let’s see how far we can
get, given the political realities,’”
said Michael F. Cannon, a health
policy expert at the Cato Insti-
tute, who described Mr. Ryan as
a contrast to other Republicans
who are quick to abandon small-
government proposals under
pressure from industries or in-
terest groups. “He’s worried about much
more than the budget arithmetic,
about the kind of government
that we are going to have in
America,” said Yuval Levin of the
Ethics and Public Policy Center
here and a favored policy thinker
of Mr. Ryan. “He’s a politician, not an
O.M.B. economist,” Mr. Levin
said, referring to the Office of
Management and Budget at the
White House.
Conservative Elite Pay Heed to Ryan as a Thinker
MATTHEW CAVANAUGH/EPA
Jack Kemp, who died in 2009, was a crucial mentor,but many
of Mr. Ryan’s positions are to the right of those Mr. Kemp held.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Ideas of Ayn Rand and Friedrich von Hayek shaped Mr.Ryan,
but others have had a far more practical influence on his career.
A favorite of
influential men like
Alan Greenspan and
William Kristol.
From Page A1
ALLYN BAUM/THE NEW YORK TIMES By DAVID KOCIENIEWSKI
The Republican vice-presiden-
tial candidate Paul D. Ryan and
his wife, Janna, paid 20 percent of
their adjusted gross income in
federal income taxes in 2011 and
15.9 percent in 2010, according to
tax returns he released Friday.
The couple reported an adjust-
ed gross income for 2011 of
$323,416 — about half of which
came from Mr. Ryan’s salary as a
congressman from Wisconsin
and chairman of the House Budg-
et Committee — and paid $64,764
in federal income taxes.
In 2010, they reported adjusted
gross income of $215,417 and paid
$34,233 in federal income taxes.
In addition to Mr. Ryan’s sala-
ry, for 2011 the couple reported
more than $116,000 in income
from rental property, invest-
ments and several trusts, assets
that the campaign has said are
owned mostly by his wife. Mr.
Ryan’s financial disclosure forms
estimate the couple’s net worth
as between $2.1 million and $7.8
million, much of which is in Ms.
Ryan’s trust, which is valued at
$1 million to $5 million.
The release of Mr. Ryan’s tax
returns comes as his presidential
running mate, Mitt Romney, has
come under sustained pressure
to disclose more information
about the taxes he has paid on his
fortune, valued at more than $250
million.
Mr. Romney has disclosed less
tax information than most other
recent presidential candidates —
releasing a 2010 return, which
showed that he paid 13.9 percent
of his adjusted gross income of
$21.6 million in federal income
taxes, and an estimate of his 2011
taxes.
Mr. Romney has declined re-
peated urgings to disclose tax re-
turns from other years, but said
this week that he had paid an ef-
fective rate — the percentage of
adjusted income — of least 13
percent in federal taxes in each of
the past 10 years.
The Romney campaign said
that it reviewed several years of
Mr. Ryan’s tax returns while vet-
ting potential running mates, but
would publicly disclose only two
years’ worth.
President Obama and his wife,
Michelle,have released tax re-
turns for the past 12 years, and
reported paying 26 percent of
their adjusted gross income in
federal taxes in 2010 and 20.5 per-
cent last year.
Among the nonwage income
reported by the Ryans in 2011
was $33,153 of capital gains and
$29,987 in dividends. The couple
also reported earning royalties
from leasing land and mineral
rights to energy companies. They
also received income from the
Prudence Little Living Trust, in
which Ms. Ryan has an interest.
The couple filed an amended
return in 2011, because their orig-
inal return understated their in-
come by $61,122 — a mistake they
attributed to accidentally omit-
ting income from the trust.
The Ryans reported making
$2,600 in charitable donations in
2010 and $12,991 in 2011.
They were subject to the al-
ternative minimum tax of $786 in
2010 and $11,684 in 2011.
Ryan Tax Returns Show
20 Percent Rate in 2011
Proportionally higher
taxes than paid by
Mitt Romney.
N
A13
NATIONAL
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
lead supporter for his release. He
also helped make a documentary,
“West of Memphis,” with the
New Zealand filmmakers Peter
Jackson and Fran Walsh.
And he learned about the pow-
er of social media, which did not
exist when the men went in but
which ultimately helped free
them and continues to help Mr.
Echols build a fan base.
“Sometimes I still can’t believe
I’m actually out. That I actually
survived,” he wrote this week in a
Twitter message.
Who really committed the
crime is still a mystery. Efforts of
private investigators and lawyers
and an avalanche of documenta-
ries, investigative reports, books
and the coming Hollywood mov-
ie, starring Reese Witherspoon
and Colin Firth and directed by
Atom Egoyan, all point to one
version of the truth: whoever it
was, it was not these three.
Supporters, including some of
the parents of the second-grade
boys who were killed in 1993,
want the case reopened. The
men’s lawyers and supporters
keep pushing for Arkansas’s gov-
ernor, Mike Beebe, to pardon
them, which a spokesman said he
was unlikely to do.
“This has so far been a very
cynical and unsatisfactory end to
a sinister prosecution,” said Mara
Leveritt, an Arkansas journalist
who wrote “Devil’s Knot,” the
2002 best-selling book that exam-
ined how an overmatched de-
fense and what she called “sa-
tanic panic” led to the convic-
tions.
She is working on a new book
about them, and her original
book is becoming the movie. Mr.
Firth plays an investigator, Ron
Lax, and Ms. Witherspoon stars
as Pam Hicks, the mother of Ste-
ven Branch, one of the boys who
was found naked in a drainage
ditch, bound with his own shoe-
laces.
Ms. Hicks, who still lives in Ar-
kansas, became deeply connect-
ed to the producer, Elizabeth
Fowler, who spent nearly a dec-
ade trying to get the movie made.
The two prayed together and
cried together.
Ms. Hicks also spent time
showing Ms. Witherspoon
around the old neighborhood and
watching the movie being shot,
worrying that the pregnant actor
was too hot in the Southern hu-
midity.
Having a movie made about
the most horrific thing to ever
happen to you is kind of weird,
Ms. Hicks said, “but I’ve been
talking about it since Day 1, so it
was a method of therapy for me.”
Ms. Hicks has never been able
to see the evidence in the case,
including her son’s bicycle, so she
filed a suit this month against the
West Memphis Police Depart-
ment and city officials.
Like most of the people in the
West Memphis area, Ms. Hicks
first thought the teenagers were
devil worshipers. But now she
and the stepfather of Chris Byers,
another victim, believe someone
else committed the crimes. On the top of her list is her for-
mer husband, Terry Hobbs,
whose DNA matched a hair that
was found in one of the knots
used to tie the boys. Mr. Hobbs,
who lives in Memphis, has re-
peatedly denied it, and the police
say he is not a suspect. Todd Moore, the father of one
of the boys, has also insisted that
no one other than the West Mem-
phis Three had anything to do
with the boys’ deaths. Those who
think otherwise, he has said, are
buying the hype that years of ce-
lebrity attention and an estimat-
ed $10 million or more in legal
and investigative work can buy.
Scott Ellington, the prosecutor
who negotiated the plea arrange-
ment and is running for Con-
gress, said that his office was
working on material provided by
the men’s lawyers but that he had
not seen anything definitive. “You don’t have dot to dot to
dot,” he said. “And that’s what we
need if we were to reopen the
case.” Still, he said he was willing to
do that if such evidence ap-
peared. “I’m man enough to
present that evidence to a judge
and let the judge decide.”
He has seen “West of Mem-
phis,” but you will not see him in
line for “Devil’s Knot,” and he
does not plan to buy a copy of the
third installment of the HBO doc-
umentary series called “Paradise
Lost,” the first of which, produced
in 1996, the men credit with ulti-
mately bringing their freedom. How much the men will sup-
port one another’s projects going
forward is unclear.
Mr. Echols hated that he was
portrayed as a blood-drinking
devil in the original script for
“Devil’s Knot,” and pushed for
changes, said Lonnie Soury, a
New York publicist who became
part of his defense team. Then, in
his book, Mr. Echols criticized
Mr. Baldwin for not immediately
accepting the deal, saying Mr.
Baldwin had grown to love prison
and was acting as if he was mor-
ally superior. That hurt Mr. Baldwin, who ini-
tially did not want to admit to
something he says he did not do,
preferring to take a chance on an
upcoming hearing to examine
new evidence that would have
probably included DNA samples
and charges of juror misconduct. But as the short timeline on the
offer approached, he became con-
vinced that Mr. Echols would not
survive much longer.
“I didn’t take the deal for me,”
he said. “I took it for Damien.”
The two currently are not
speaking. Those around them
hope the rift will heal.
“Part of the downside of the
Hollywood thing is there are so
many people who claim this,” Mr.
Soury said. “They want to own
Damien and Jessie and Jason.
Part of their struggle was trying
to take back their lives and own
their story.”
EVAN AGOSTINI/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Jessie Misskelley, left, Damien Echols, center, and Jason Baldwin in October in New York.
STEVE HEBERT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Mr. Echols and his wife, Lorri Davis, in Arkansas in August 2011 after his release from prison.
West Memphis Three, a Year Out of Prison, Are Navigating New Paths
GRANT BLANKENSHIP FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The director Atom Egoyan, gesturing, during the filming of “Devil’s Knot” in Atlanta.
Three men who are
now little more than
acquaintances.
From Page A9
By MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT
Transportation Security Ad-
ministration officers who are in a
behavioral detection program de-
signed to spot terrorists at air-
ports have been ordered to un-
dergo special training after offi-
cers in Boston were accused of
racially profiling passengers.
All officers at Boston Logan In-
ternational Airport, where the
profiling is said to have occurred,
and managers of similar pro-
grams nationwide must attend a
four-hour class on why racial pro-
filing is not acceptable and why it
is not an effective way to spot ter-
rorists. The order was announced
on Friday, in a written statement,
by the Homeland Security De-
partment, which oversees the
T.S.A.
It said the class would include
“a discussion on how terrorists in
the United States do not match
any racial or ethnic stereotype.”
Officers stationed at more than
100 airports will have to take an
online “refresher course to re-
inforce that racial/ethnic profil-
ing will not be tolerated,” the de-
partment said.
It said Janet Napolitano, the
Homeland Security secretary,
had directed John S. Pistole, the
head of the Transportation Secu-
rity Administration, to require
employees to have the training.
The announcement came five
days after The New York Times
reported that the T.S.A. was in-
vestigating claims that the be-
havioral detection program at
Logan airport involved racial
profiling of minorities in an effort
to generate arrests to show the
program was producing results. Officers were accused of stop-
ping, searching and questioning
a disproportionate number of
Hispanics and blacks who they
believed were more likely to have
outstanding warrants or be in
possession of drugs or other con-
traband. In response, the T.S.A.
said it was investigating the ac-
cusations.
“T.S.A.’s behavior detection
program is a critical part of our
approach to securing travel, but
profiling passengers on any basis
is simply not tolerated,” the
Homeland Security Department
said. “Profiling is not only dis-
criminatory, it is also an ineffec-
tive way to identify someone in-
tent on doing harm. Officers are
trained and audited to look for
observable behaviors, and behav-
iors alone.”
Ms. Napolitano also directed
Mr. Pistole to improve the agen-
cy’s collection of data related to
the program and to work with the
department’s civil rights consult-
ant to review program pro-
cedures.
On Friday, a high-ranking
T.S.A. official went to Boston to
meet with agency employees and
officials at the airport, telling
them that profiling would not be
tolerated. A day earlier, Mr. Pis-
tole was at Detroit Metropolitan
Airport to convey a similar mes-
sage to T.S.A. employees.
“We remain very concerned by
the allegations and are anxious to
review the findings of the federal
investigations,” said David S.
Mackey, the interim chief execu-
tive of the Massachusetts Port
Authority. “We acknowledge the
T.S.A.’s swift response and will
continue to work with them to en-
sure security at Logan is legal, ef-
fective and does not use racial
profiling.”
William Keating of Massachu-
setts, one of the top Democrats
on the House Homeland Security
Committee, called this week for
an outside investigation into the
accusations of profiling.He also
sent a letter to the chairman of
the House’s Homeland Security
oversight subcommittee, calling
for a hearing when Congress re-
convenes next month.
Mr. Keating said that an in-
vestigation of “matters of civil
rights being violated” should not
be “left to the agency itself.”
“Last year, there was a Con-
gressional subcommittee field
hearing at Logan, which high-
lighted that the airport’s security
policies are some of the best in
the country,” he said. “If T.S.A. of-
ficers, however, have evidence of
racial profiling, this needs to be
addressed immediately since the
Logan program is the vanguard
and model for the entire country.” Profiling Claims at Airport
Result in Order for Training
Officials react to
allegations against
Boston security staff. NEW ENGLAND
Massachusetts: A Short Outing
For ‘Old Ironsides’ on Sunday
The Navy’s oldest warship will sail under its
own power for just the second time in more
than a century to commemorate the battle
that won it the nickname Old Ironsides. The
Constitution, which was launched in 1797, will
be tugged from its berth in Boston Harbor on
Sunday to the main deepwater pathway into
the harbor. It will then set out to the open seas
for a 10-minute cruise. The short trip com-
memorates the day two centuries ago when
the Constitution bested the British frigate
Guerriere in a fierce battle during the War of
1812. It follows a three-year restoration
project and is the first time the Constitution
has been to sea on its own since its 200th
birthday in 1997. Before that, it had not sailed
under its own power since 1881. The Constitu-
tion is periodically tugged into the harbor for
historical display. (AP)
WEST
California: iPad Stolen From Home
Of Jobs Is Found in Clown’s Hands
A professional clown who played music on an
iPad as he made balloon animals said on Fri-
day that he had no idea his friend had
snatched the tablet from the home of Steve
Jobs. Kenneth Kahn, who performs as Kenny
the Clown, said he had received the iPad from
a friend who owed him money for a vacation
they planned to take to Hawaii. “He owed me
$300 for the plane tickets, so he said he had an
Apple computer that he wasn’t using any-
more,” Mr. Kahn said. “I said fine, not having
any clue what the hell was going on.” Mr.
Kahn, 47, who made unsuccessful bids to be-
come mayor of Alameda and San Francisco,
said he played music on the iPad for a few
days at a local art and wine fair before police
officers came for it. The device has been re-
turned to the family of Mr. Jobs, the Apple co-
founder, who died on Oct. 5. Kariem McFarlin,
35, of Alameda was arrested on suspicion of
breaking into the Jobs family home in Palo
Alto. Apple investigators identified Mr.
McFarlin after he used the stolen device to
connect to his iTunes account on the Internet,
police officials said. Mr. McFarlin acknowl-
edged to the police that he had broken into the
Jobs residence, as well as other homes, and
he wrote an apology letter to Mr. Jobs’s wid-
ow, a police report said. (AP)
California: Young Immigrants
Eligible for Driver’s Licenses
Young illegal immigrants who qualify for
President Obama’s deportation deferral pro-
gram will be eligible to obtain a driver’s li-
cense in California. Mr. Obama’s program,
which began Wednesday, will grant work per-
mits to immigrants who are 30 years or
younger and meet program requirements.
California law permits the Department of Mo-
tor Vehicles to issue driver’s licenses to indi-
viduals who present an “employment author-
ization document.” The young immigrants,
“once they have been given deferred action,
can apply for a driver’s license,” said Conrado
Terrazas, a spokesman for Assemblyman Gil
Cedillo, who has tried unsuccessfully to pass a
law allowing licenses for illegal immigrants. ANA FACIO-KRAJCER
MIDWEST
Ohio: Change of Venue Sought
In Trial Over Cafeteria Killings
The defense team for a teenager charged with
killing three students and wounding three
others in a high school cafeteria in Chardon
asked a judge on Friday to move the trial out
of the community. “Geauga County has been
in an ongoing state of mourning, anger and
community support for the victims and their
families,” lawyers for the teenager, T.J. Lane,
17, said in their request. Every major roadway
and every neighborhood in Chardon and in
surrounding communities has memorials to
the victims, defense lawyers said, and the
grief poses a risk that any local jury will be bi-
ased against him. The defense said news cov-
erage of the shooting had been so extensive
and the subject “so disturbing” that it would
be impossible to find an unbiased jury in
Geauga County, east of Cleveland. Mr. Lane
has been charged with aggravated murder, at-
tempted aggravated murder and felonious as-
sault in the shooting at Chardon High School
on Feb. 27. He could face life in prison if con-
victed. No motive has been established for the
shooting. (AP)
National Briefing A14
Ø
N
SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By EMILY S. RUEB
Gibran K. Brown and Jaie Jordan
sat on the stoop of their brown-
stone, looking out over Fort Greene
Park in Brooklyn, as they do most
warm evenings. In the distance,
dust settled on the soccer pitch as
players scattered after a game. Ex-
cept for a jingling dog collar, the
huffing of a passing jogger and the
chorus of cicadas, the cooling air
was quiet.
“Once you’re here, the day is
over,” said Mr. Jordan, reclining
with his miniature pinscher, Miss
China, coiled on his lap, sipping a
$3 Pabst Blue Ribbon from a large
wine glass. Mr. Brown, who lives in
another apartment in the five-story
building, added: “Why spend $20
or $30 in a local pub to be in a stuffy
place? We’ve got the air and the
trees.”
The vibe was similar, but with
key differences, on a recent balmy
Saturday evening in Harlem. A
husband and wife sat in camping
chairs 13 steps up from the side-
walk. A Coors Light and a chardon-
nay filled, respectively, a red plas-
tic party cup and a Paula Deen
“S.L.U.T.S.” cup (the letters stand
for “Southern ladies under tremen-
dous stress”). The woman said
they had a backyard, but preferred
to sit on the stoop “to take in the
community.”
But she didn’t want to give her
name. “You know it’s illegal,” she
said in a hushed voice.
Stoop drinking. There may be no
more archetypal after-dark pas-
time in the five boroughs of New
York in summer, when the stairs
leading up to the parlor floor of
your home are transformed into an
outdoor living room, a place where
neighbors can gather for an im-
promptu midweek drink or a
bleacher seat where you can sit
quietly, contemplating the passing
parade with an adult beverage. It tends to be a midweek activity,
one for which no planning and, cer-
tainly, no reservations are re-
quired.
But the woman in Harlem was
right: it is illegal. Because a stoop
can be viewed from the street or
sidewalk, it can be considered a
public place, which is defined by
the New York Administrative Code
as “a place to which the public or a
substantial group of persons has
access.” A gate can provide a di-
vide between these public and pri-
vate spheres, but not always. Some
drinkers edge a few steps closer to
the front door, even though that
doesn’t make a difference: more
than a few have been fined when
the passing parade happened to in-
clude a police officer. Yet night after night, the illegal-
ity continues.
On the corner of Cumberland
Street and DeKalb Avenue in Fort
Greene, a couple newly relocated
from Montreal prepared an elab-
orate spread of mozzarella salad, a
cutting board filled with pata
negra and other cured meats, ac-
companied by a Spanish red wine.
On 105th Street and Riverside
Drive in Manhattan, a 20-some-
thing couple sipped Bacardi Coco-
nut on the rocks through straws
from tall white foam cups. At the
corner of West Fourth and West
12th Streets in Manhattan, a wom-
an whose mother had been in in-
tensive care for two days smoked
American Spirits while sitting with
her two Chihuahuas on the steps
leading up to a red-brick building, a
cup of Red Stripe at her feet.
At about 9:30 p.m. on a Sunday in
south Park Slope, Brooklyn, three
couples sat on low-slung beach
chairs and on the stairs of a brown-
stone with small glasses of Writers
Tears whiskey or cans of Coors
Light. One woman ducked inside
briefly to make sure her child was
still asleep. Although it is unclear how many
summonses are handed out to peo-
ple drinking on their stoops, in 2011
the New York Police Department
issued 124,498 of them for public
drinking, which is not a crime but
does constitute a “quality of life” vi-
olation. It is at the discretion of the
patrolling officer whether or not to
write up the pink slip, which usu-
ally carries a $25 fine and a trip to
criminal court, or both. But more
important, it requires being caught
in the act.
When the Brooklyn borough
president, Marty Markowitz, toast-
ed the presenter of NBC’s “Talk
Stoop” with a glass of white wine
during an on-camera interview in
2009, he did not apologize for his ac-
tions. More recently, drinkers in
Harlemand in Boerum Hill, Brook-
lyn, were issued summonses for
doing the same thing, though one
was drinking soda from a red plas-
tic cup. The majority of these cases Savoring the Illicit Thrill Of a Glass of Something, Outside
Having a Beer on the Steps to Your Home Is Technically Illegal, but Nevertheless Popular
Clockwise from bottom left, Richard Bell, 39, and
Butch; Loran Gregson, 21; Kurt Kiraly, 48; Daniel
Broadhurst, 26; and Jordan Galloway, 26, in front
of a brownstone in Fort Greene, Brooklyn. A group of friends awaiting a taxi in Fort Greene. Laws against side-
walk tippling, legally a violation, are enforced at officers’ discretion. Continued on Page A17
SUMMER NIGHTS
On the Stoop PHOTOGRAPHS BY MICHAEL KIRBY SMITH FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
The East Village apartment burglar,
successful once, came back for more,
and was caught in a trap and arrested.
But a mystery lingered. How did he get
in that apartment? Had he lived there
before? No. And the build-
ing’s super said the lock was
changed after the previous
tenant left. A week after his arrest, the
mystery was solved with an
explanation from the burglar
himself, one that could make many New
Yorkers stop and think about their
home security.
As recounted in this space last week,
he first broke into an apartment on East
11th Street on June 12, stealing video
games and leaving no sign of forced en-
try. The tenant, a professor who wanted
only his surname, Lee, used, bought a
$149 high-resolution camera to record
video of the apartment in case the bur-
glar returned. He did, on Aug. 6, and the
camera caught him rummaging around
Mr. Lee’s guitar and music equipment.
The video was televised on several sta-
tions and made the rounds online. A few days later, the police arrested
Piotr Pasciak, who, at age 24, was al-
ready a felon, having burglarized homes
upstate in 2009. After his release from
prison, he moved to Greenpoint, Brook-
lyn, last year, working a series of jobs
before returning to crime. Why?
“I have a heroin addiction,” Mr. Pas-
ciak said Thursday in an interview at
Rikers Island, where he is being held
awaiting legal proceedings. He told his
story, largely uncorroborated. His troubles began at age 16, he said,
when, driving a motorcycle after dark,
he hit something and was thrown into
the woods, breaking bones in his back.
There began a dependence on painkill-
ers and a habit of using prescription
drugs and, later, heroin. In 2009, he broke into a friend’s house
and grabbed a few guns, thinking the
friend would not miss them. The guns
were “collateral” for a drug dealer, Mr.
Pasciak said, and he expected to return
them. He was wrong and got caught. After almost two years, he was re-
leased and moved to the Greenpoint
apartment his parents own. He said he
worked as a doorman in Manhattan,
and for a real-estate brokerage compa-
ny and an air-conditioning repair outfit
— he has training in welding — and at a
restaurant in Williamsburg. He re-
lapsed with heroin late last year, and
failed drug tests for his parole officer.
He went to rehab and was released with
what he called an insufficient supply of
Suboxone, used to treat drug addiction. In April, working for the real estate
company, he was showing apartments
all over Manhattan. It was hard work,
and after a particularly stressful week
with a prospective tenant who ultimate-
ly did not sign a lease, he left and soon
returned to his $50- to $100-a-day heroin
habit. His money ran out. When he left his
job, he said, he kept the keys to the
apartments he was showing. One of
them was on East 11th Street. Someone
had moved in. On June 12, he rang the
doorbell and, satisfied no one was
home, entered with the key and stole
the video games. “I didn’t hurt anyone,” he said. He re-
fused to name the real estate employer
or say what he did with the electronics,
other than that they were used to get
heroin. The building’s super said vari-
ous real estate brokers showed apart-
ments there. Neither he nor Mr. Lee re-
membered seeing Mr. Pasciak before. Two months later, broke again, Mr.
Pasciak returned to the apartment. “I
wasn’t thinking clearly,” he said. He felt
safe from recognition because he did
not hang out in the East Village. Need-
less to say, he never noticed the camera.
That was a Monday. Two days later,
he visited the Army recruiting office in
Times Square, seeking to enlist and
start over, but he said he was told his
criminal record made him ineligible. He
used heroin that day. The following morning, he was awak-
ened by police officers in his bedroom.
One of them said, “Easy, peasy, lemon
squeezy,” first handcuffing, then dress-
ing Mr. Pasciak, he said. He was sick
with withdrawal in the precinct. He ad-
mitted burglarizing the apartment.
When he was arrested, he had 682
friends on Facebook. But being a Face-
book friend, by clicking a button, is dif-
ferent from being a visit-you-at-Rikers
friend, standing in line in the sun, riding
two buses and passing through two met-
al detectors and turning out your pock-
ets and opening your mouth for inspec-
tion for contraband. He is pretty sure he
has none of those friends.
“I find myself in these places,” he
said, “and I say, ‘How did I get here?’” How He Did It,
In the Words
Of the Burglar
E-mail: crimescene@nytimes.com Twitter: @mwilsonnyt
MICHAEL
WILSON CRIME
SCENE Piotr Pasciak
served time for
burglary, then
returned to a life
of sporadic
crime. He has
been arrested
again.
By ARIEL KAMINER
A well-regarded program that re-
cruited professional chefs to help the
New York City Department of Educa-
tion provide fresher, healthier food in
public schools is being discontinued be-
cause it does not meet new federal nu-
trition standards, the department said
Friday.
Organized by the nonprofit group
Wellness in the Schools, the program
won attention in culinary circles and ap-
plause from parents for bringing profes-
sional chefs into schools to plan and
help prepare meals like vegetarian chili,
pasta with fresh pesto and roasted
chicken with homemade spice rub. But according to Marge Feinberg, a
department spokeswoman, the pro-
gram’s approach does not comply with
the requirements of the Child Nutrition
Reauthorization Act, which sets higher
nutritional standards for the food
served to students across the country,
and provides an additional subsidy of 6
cents per meal for schools that comply.
She said that the program, used in 30
city public schools in the last year,
would not be involved in the planning of
menus and preparation come fall. In
those schools and others, however,
Wellness in the Schools, also known as
WITS, will continue to offer cooking
demonstrations, provide educational
materials about nutrition and maintain
salad bars, which are not regarded as
part of the basic cafeteria menu. “The
WITS menus that they provided to
schools last year do not meet the new
federal regulations,” Ms. Feinberg said,
without offering specifics.
But Sharon Richter, a licensed nutri-
tionist who has worked with WITS for
several years, countered that the group
has always maintained higher nutri-
tional standards than those required by
law, and pushed the city’s Department
of Education to improve its own stand-
ards, like reducing corn syrup and hy-
drogenated oil.
“I’m working through the new menus
to make sure they all fit the new re-
quirements,” she said. Any adjustments
would be minor, she said, like including
fresh fruit and the salad bar on the list-
ed menu items rather than offering
them as extras, or altering the mix of
vegetables over the course of the week.
Over all, she said, “It’s a very obvious
thing how much healthier these are, the
recipes made from scratch as opposed
to prepackaged food.”
A spokeswoman for the United States
Department of Agriculture had no im-
mediate comment on the WITS pro-
gram, but noted that the department en-
couraged partnerships between chefs
and schools through the Chefs Move to
Schools program, which pairs profes-
sional chefs with local cafeterias na-
tionwide. The program is a part of Mi-
chelle Obama’s Let’s Move campaign. Parents in the affected New York City
schools praised the WITS program, and
expressed shock that it was being dis-
continued.
Jean Moreland, a parent at P.S. 84 in
Manhattan and co-president of the PTA,
said: “It baffles me, that in a city where
our mayor is so concerned with the size
of our sodas, he is O.K.with feeding our
children fatty and processed foods rath-
er than the much healthier WITS op-
tions.”
Michael Anthony, the executive chef
at Gramercy Tavern, who worked with
Public School 41 in Manhattan during
the past year, said the project “was met
with an enormous amount of enthusi-
asm from kids, parents, cafeteria work-
ers and administrators.” As for the new
change in policy, he said: “We will con-
tinue to be dedicated to the kids at 41
and to the organizers of WITS to see
that it doesn’t just go by the wayside.
It’s important to stand up for the right
of our kids to eat healthy food and live
healthy enjoyable lives.”
Nancy Easton, the executive director
and co-founder of WITS, which was
formed in 2005, said that there was an
ever-increasing demand from public
schools for its services.
“We’ll still partner with schools, but
we just won’t be in the kitchens,” she
said, expressing hope that the situation
would change within a few months. But
Ms. Feinberg indicated otherwise:
“This is a change for the upcoming
school year. I can’t talk about beyond
that.” City Ends School Lunch ProgramThat Used Professional Chefs
A group does not meet
new federal nutrition
standards, the Education
Department says. By LISA W. FODERARO
When it was created in the late
1990s, Hudson River Park
seemed like a new genre of public
space, a state-city hybrid built on
and over the water, with continu-
ing maintenance to be paid for by
commercial development on a
handful of piers. For years, one of the biggest
contributors to the park’s bottom
line has been Pier 40, where
parking fees have generated $5
million a year, nearly a third of its
annual budget for routine main-
tenance. But this year, with Pier 40’s
roof falling in and the pilings un-
derneath it deteriorating, the pier
has turned into a drain on the
park’s finances:fixing only a
fraction of the roof would cost
$6.2 million. In recent weeks, the Hudson
River Park Trust, which runs the
park, has closed a stairwell, bath-
rooms and one of three fields be-
cause of worsening conditions. Park officials are now talking
about the possibility of shutting
down Pier 40 entirely. “The intent was for Pier 40 to
be developed so that it would
support the park, but now the
park is supporting the pier,” said
Madelyn Wils, president and
chief executive of the Hudson
River Park Trust. “Many board
members have weighed in and
said that we can’t put money that
we don’t have into the pier.”
The loss of the pier, a 15-acre
structure that juts over the Hud-
son River at Houston Street,
would not only cut off a future
revenue stream, it would also af-
fect hundreds of sports teams
currently using the fields there,
and the drivers of 1,600 cars that
park there. The park, along five miles of
the Hudson, draws millions of
visitors a year on foot and bicycle
to the West Side of Manhattan. But its waterfront location has
posed challenges, with aging
structures subject to the batter-
ing of wind and water, and the
trust has struggled all along to
fulfill one of its key mandates —
the need to be self-sustaining. The main problem, park offi-
cials say, is that the legislation
that originally created the park
severely restricted commercial
uses of the piers. Pier 40 can only be used for re-
tail and entertainment purposes,
and,over the years,two develop-
ment proposals have fallen
through. Community opposition
helped defeat the most recent
plan, which called for a large re-
tail complex and a theater hous-
ing Cirque du Soleil.
Some city and state officials
say that the development options
for the pier should be expanded
to include housing, which could
generate enough cash to pay for
the repair of the pier’s pilings and
roof, estimated to cost $125 mil-
lion, as well as yearly revenue for
routine maintenance. But a bill in
Albany that would have permit-
ted office and hotel space, though
not housing, never came up for a
vote in the last session.
Assemblyman Richard N. Gott-
fried, one of the authors of the
original Hudson River Park Act
and sponsor of the most recent
bill, said that it did not go far
enough to fix the pier’s ills and
that he wanted to reintroduce the
bill allowing housing, perhaps as
early as December if a special
session of the Legislature is
called. Currently,any developer on
the pier would only get a 29-year
lease, which Mr. Gottfried said
was too short. His last bill would
have lengthened the potential
lease term to 49 years, which, he
and others said, still might not be
enough to attract a developer
willing to tackle the pier’s infra-
structure. “The reason I think housing
should be open to consideration
is that it does appear to have the
lowest traffic impact while also
producing the most reliable and
highest revenue stream,” Mr.
Gottfried said. “So I think it real-
ly ought to be on the table.”
But building apartments on
public land is hard. Brooklyn
Bridge Park, which is still under
development along the East Riv-
er, is the best example of a park
that relies on private housing to
pay for its annual maintenance.
But development there, though it
is moving forward, has been met
with community opposition. Deborah J. Glick, the assem-
blywoman whose district in-
cludes Pier 40, says that neigh-
borhoods like Chelsea and Tri-
BeCa, which abut the park, need
more open space, not luxury
housing. She said that the original prohi-
bitions against certain types of
development in the park were the
result of careful thinking and
scores of community meetings.
“The statement by the trust
that it’s considering a phased
shutdown is really a tactic to
pressure the community and
elected representatives to adopt
the suggested plan for residential
development,” Ms. Glick said. Rather than housing, which
she said would change the char-
acter of the park, Ms. Glick said
she would prefer to add office
space as a permitted use at the
pier, while also exploring pier
work and a new park improve-
ment district that would impose
fees on nearby buildings. (The
trust also supports those ideas.)
The city’s parks commissioner,
Adrian Benepe, dismissed the
idea that talking about a shut-
down was a strategic ploy.
The pier’s challenges are so se-
vere, he said, that a park im-
provement district, while poten-
tially helpful with routine mainte-
nance, would not cover the re-
placement of 3,600 steel pilings or
the roof. “I don’t think anyone is exag-
gerating the importance of what
needs to happen,” said Mr.
Benepe, a member of the trust’s
board who supports the housing
option. “We’re closing more and
more of the parking on the pier,
which is in need of immediate
stabilization and long-term work.
The hopeful thing is that the solu-
tion to these problems lies within
reach and most people under-
stand that some kind of compro-
mise is needed.”
In the meantime, parents are
starting to organize to save the
pier and its playing fields. Daniel
Miller, former president of
Greenwich Village Little League,
said many residents would sup-
port housing if it meant keeping
spaces for soccer, baseball and
lacrosse. Under the law establishing the
park, half of the pier must be set
aside for recreation. “As a com-
munity, we have to be open to all
options,” Mr. Miller said. “Let’s
say a 20-story building goes up;
maybe we could then get 75 per-
cent of the pier’s footprint for
fields. The greater the percent-
age of the pier we can have for
our youth, the better.” PHOTOGRAPHS BY OZIER MUHAMMAD/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Park officials are considering shutting down Pier 40, the 15-acre structure that sits over the Hudson River at Houston Street. Repair Costs Could Bring Down a Popular Pier
Just to fix a part of the roof would cost $6.2 million this year. The Hudson River Park Trust,
which oversees the park and the piers, wants to develop private housing to generate money. Some state officials see the proposed shutdown as a tactic to
pressure the community to change the character of the park.
A landing was
developed to support
Hudson River Park,
not vice versa. ØØ
N
A15
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
On Sunday, Monday and
Tuesday, alternate-side
street-cleaning regulations
in New York City will be
suspended because of Id
al-Fitr. Other regulations
will remain in effect.
Parking Rules
By MATT FLEGENHEIMER
A State Supreme Court justice
on Friday rebuffed the Bloom-
berg administration’s plan to ex-
pand street hail service beyond
Manhattan, signaling an uncer-
tain future for livery taxis in the
city and a victory for the yellow-
cab industry, which has vigor-
ously opposed the plan.
Justice Arthur F. Engoron, of
State Supreme Court in Manhat-
tan, said that the city had vio-
lated the home-rule provisions of
the State Constitution because
the plan was written into law by
the State Legislature after the
Bloomberg administration had
been stymied by the City Council.
The city had defended taking the
plan to the Legislature by argu-
ing that the policy was of state
concern.
The law had authorized the
city to issue up to 18,000 “hail li-
censes” for northern Manhattan
and the other boroughs. The
measure required that 20 percent
of the new vehicles be wheelchair
accessible.
The law also allowed the city to
issue 2,000 medallions for wheel-
chair-accessible yellow taxis,
which were expected to generate
$1 billion for the city at auction.
But the entire law was “null
and void,” Justice Engoron said
in his decision, citing the home-
rule concerns and a so-called poi-
son-pill provision in the bill stip-
ulating that if part of the law was
declared invalid, the entire stat-
ute would have to be scrapped. David S. Yassky, the chairman
of the city’s Taxi and Limousine
Commission, called the decision
“a great loss to millions of New
Yorkers outside of Manhattan” as
well as to livery drivers, “whose
ability to feed their families by
providing a popular service” had
been jeopardized.
“We owe it to all New Yorkers
to appeal this judge’s opinion,” he
said.
Michael A. Cardozo, the city’s
corporation counsel, said he was
confident that an appellate court
would be more receptive to the
city’s arguments, adding, “The
irrational fear of lost profits by
medallion owners and lenders
should not be permitted to derail
these important programs.”
The yellow taxi industry
cheered the ruling. In a state-
ment, the Metropolitan Taxicab
Board of Trade, a plaintiff in one
of the suits challenging the law,
expressed relief that a “flawed
and destructive plan” had been
turned back.
“Chairman David Yassky and
the administration back-doored a
flawed plan in Albany and got
caught,” the group said. “It’s that
simple.”
Justice Engoron echoed some
of his decision in June, in which
he issued a temporary restrain-
ing order for the plan and ques-
tioned the city’s decision to cir-
cumvent the Council.
“When all is said and done,
railways are a state concern, taxi-
cabs are a local concern,” Justice
Engoron said Friday. He added
that if every cross-border trans-
action created a substantial state
interest, “the borders might as
well be abolished, and the state
can just run everything.”
He said the city had proved it-
self “up to the task of regulating
its own taxicabs.”
“New York City taxicabs are
arguably engaged in interstate
commerce,” he noted. “Does that
mean that the United States Con-
gress can mandate that all City
taxicab drivers must eat broccoli
three times a week to keep them-
selves healthy?”
The delay of the auction of me-
dallions for 2,000 wheelchair-ac-
cessible yellow taxis had already
thrown the city budget into flux.
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg has
warned that if the city could not
sell the new medallions, many
city jobs would have to be cut. The litigation had also spurred
a debate among likely mayoral
candidates. Bill de Blasio, the
city’s public advocate, urged the
court to overturn the law, calling
it an unconstitutional usurpation
of the City Council’s power. Mr.
Bloomberg has called this argu-
ment “stupid.” Scott M. Stringer,
the Manhattan borough presi-
dent, expressed support for the
plan.
On Friday, Mr. Stringer sug-
gested that negotiations outside
of the courtroom, including a pos-
sible resuscitation of discussions
with the City Council, might
prove more efficient than slog-
ging through an appeals process.
“Let’s bring the parties togeth-
er and pass the necessary legisla-
tion to make this plan constitu-
tional in the judge’s eyes,” he said
in an interview. “I don’t think we
have to wait for an appeal that
probably won’t be decided until
sometime in 2013 at the earliest.”
Court Overturns Law Expanding Taxi Service
Aug. 17, 2012
Midday New York Numbers
— 129; Lucky Sum— 12 Midday New York Win 4 —
4516; Lucky Sum— 16 New York Numbers — 847;
Lucky Sum— 19
New York Win 4 —5492;
Lucky Sum — 20
New York Take 5 — 4, 10, 13, 17,
32
New York Pick 10 — 1, 4, 5, 6,
13, 15, 16, 18, 21, 26, 31, 33, 37, 42,
44, 50, 60, 68, 69, 72 Midday New Jersey Pick 3 —
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Connecticut Classic Lotto — 5,
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Aug. 16, 2012
New York Take 5 — 7, 16, 25,
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Lottery Numbers By JAMES BARRON
The assignment was to make
an eight-minute video “collage”
that explained “King Lear” using
images of modern celebrities.
Whom to cast as Lear?
“We needed to think of some-
one who is very powerful, but
also crazy,” said Paola Ocampo,
16, one of 26 teenagers in a sum-
mer program at the Park Avenue
Armory on the Upper East Side.
“We thought of Donald J. Trump.”
They leafed through a stack of
magazines until they found a
photograph of Mr. Trump in
which he looked as if he had a
dark purpose. That was at odds
with the glee in their voices as
they clipped it.
There was more glee as they
scanned it onto a computer. And
there was still more as they antic-
ipated a Royal Shakespeare Com-
pany production of “King Lear,”
to be staged at the armory in the
fall, by filling the cast in their vid-
eo with photographs of Lady
Gaga as Goneril, Natalie Port-
man as Cordelia and Morgan
Freeman as the Earl of Glouces-
ter.
So it goes in the reception
rooms at the armory, with high-
ceilinged spaces designed by
Gilded Age geniuses like Louis
Comfort Tiffany and Stanford
White.The soldiers who once
marched there have been re-
placed by officials from a non-
profit arts group — and by
the Armory Youth Corps, which
gives high school students a taste
of what goes on behind the
scenes.
They do a variety of jobs,
sometimes working as greeters
and ushers at the armory, other
times plunging into a de facto
hands-on course in history — the
armory’s rich history. They are
helping in the digitalization of the
thousands of photographs the
military left behind when it
leased the building to the Park
Avenue Armory Conservancy.
“When we got here, every sin-
gle locker we opened had treas-
ures inside,” said Rebecca Rob-
ertson, the conservancy’s presi-
dent. “We found three Lincoln
letters,and magazines from
when the Queen Mother came
here.” She explained that one of
the letters from Lincoln was be-
neath an issue of Life magazine
that included an article about the
Queen Mother’s visit to the Unit-
ed States in 1954 — and the ball
that the Seventh Regiment gave
in her honor at the armory.
If an army travels on its stom-
ach, the Seventh Regiment must
have been ready to march. Ms.
Robertson said that when the
Seventh Regiment became the
first volunteer militia to answer
Lincoln’s call for troops at the be-
ginning of the Civil War, “Del-
monico’s went with them.” Del-
monico’s was the restaurant that
defined fine dining in New York
in the 1820s.
As for the photographs, the
youth corps has digitized dozens
this summer. Kirsten Reoch, the
armory’s historian, said youth
corps members, like Tim Vincent,
16, learned about the Seventh
Regiment as they went along,
identifying the soldiers in the
photographs they scanned.
Mr. Vincent was holding a pho-
tograph of Colonel Daniel Apple-
ton, who led the Seventh Regi-
ment for 27 years, from 1889 to
1916 — and who was photo-
graphed in a tent alongside a
statue of Caesar Augustus.
What did he learn about Colo-
nel Appleton from the photo-
graph, which he said was taken in
the 1880s? “I would say he was insecure,”
Mr. Vincent said, “because he
had to have a statue and he had
to have his men take it with them
and put it in his tent when they
went on maneuvers.” (Ms. Reoch
said the photo had been taken at
a camp near Peekskill, N.Y.
“Summer camp for adults,” she
said.)
Another youth corps member,
Sobiha Ahmed, 18, from Canarsie,
Brooklyn, measured the photo as
Mr. Vincent and Ms. Reoch told
stories about Colonel Appleton:
he had taken over from the Sev-
enth Regiment’s first command-
er, Col. Emmons Clark; he has
the largest portrait of anyone in
the armory, a huge painting by
one of the wide staircases; he
changed the look of the armory
before World War I; and his fam-
ily controlled the publishing
house that put Henry James and
Edith Wharton before the public.
Across the hall was the “Lear”
project, which Ms. Robertson de-
scribed as “figuring out how to
make ‘Lear’ relatable” to teen-
agers.
“Lady Gaga looks really evil,”
Ms. Ocampo said, sounding
pleased.
Ms. Ocampo will see how evil
the Royal Shakespeare Compa-
ny’s Goneril looks: She will go to
London to watch rehearsals, as
Jonathan Amaya did last year for
“Macbeth.”
“That was my first Shake-
speare,” said Mr. Amaya, 18, from
East New York, Brooklyn. “I
loved it.” He said he had learned
about live theater from watching
different performances there.
“They’d change it up, and I’d see
the stuff they’d cut out, and I un-
derstood it more,” he said.
But back to “Lear.” Ms. Ocam-
po said the group got the idea to
cast Mr. Trump as Lear when
“Cordelia gets banished.”
“We thought, ‘You’re fired,’”
she said.
So what did they make of the
family dynamics of “King Lear”?
“I think they need some coun-
seling,” she said.
While Casting ‘Lear’ at the Armory, Discovering History
A16
Ø
N
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
News and
conversa-
tion from the
five boroughs:
nytimes.com/cityroom
City Room
By RUSS BUETTNER
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg
has repeatedly said that the
small number of guns found by
police officers during stop-and-
frisk encounters shows that the
program is working as a deter-
rent, and not that the police are
exercising poor judgment in de-
ciding whom to stop, as critics
have argued.
But a federal judge said on Fri-
day said that the city had “no evi-
dence” to make the deterrence
claim, and called the argument
“too speculative” to be admitted
in court by New York City’s ex-
pert witness in a class-action law-
suit challenging the constitution-
ality of the city’s use of stop-and-
frisk tactics. The city’s expert appeared to
be trying to “to justify stops on
the basis of their deterrent im-
pact, regardless of their legality,”
Judge Shira A. Scheindlin of Fed-
eral District Court in Manhattan
wrote.
It was the latest strongly word-
ed ruling by Judge Scheindlin in
a civil suit filed on behalf of peo-
ple who were frisked on the
streets and released. In granting
the case class-action status in
May, she condemned what she
called the city’s “deeply troubling
apathy towards New Yorkers’
most fundamental constitutional
rights.” A trial in the case could begin
before the end of the year. The
city of Philadelphia, faced with a
similar suit, signed a consent de-
cree last year that has reduced
the number of encounters. Mayor
Bloomberg has suggested that
crime rose there as a result.
The suit argues that the city is
conducting stop-and-frisk en-
counters on the basis of race, in
violation of the 14th Amendment.
The city says that the stop-and-
frisk program, which dates to the
1990s, is concentrated in high-
crime areas, and does not focus
on minorities.
A plaintiffs’ expert witness in
the case is expected to testify
that his analysis of city data
shows that about 10 percent of
stops result in an arrest or sum-
mons, and guns are seized in only
1 of every 1,000 stops. “I found these statistics power-
ful evidence of a widespread pat-
tern of unlawful stops,” Judge
Scheindlin noted.
In response, the city sought to
have its expert, Dennis C. Smith,
an associate professor at New
York University’s Robert F. Wag-
ner School of Public Service, tes-
tify that finding guns was not the
appropriate measurement of suc-
cess for a “proactive, prevention-
focused” tactic. Rather, Professor
Smith would argue that a goal of
the program was to convince
would-be gun carriers to leave
their guns at home. Mayor Bloomberg and Police
Commissioner Raymond W.Kelly
have made the same argument.
In the mayor’s most full-throated
defense of the tactic, he told a
black congregation in Brooklyn
that the policy was deterring peo-
ple from carrying guns.
“By making it ‘too hot to carry,’
the N.Y.P.D. is preventing guns
from being carried on our
streets,” the mayor said at the
First Baptist Full Gospel Church
of Brownsville. “That is our real
goal — preventing violence be-
fore it occurs, not responding to
the victims after the fact.”
Judge Scheindlin also suggest-
ed that the city was seeking to
make the suit a referendum on
whether stop-and-frisk tactics re-
duce crime, but she said the trial
would focus narrowly on whether
how the city has employed the
tactic passes constitutional mus-
ter.
The city’s Law Department did
not comment of the aspects of
their expert testimony that the
judge disallowed. But in a state-
ment, the department said it was
pleased that Mr. Smith would be
able to critique the plaintiff ex-
pert’s analysis of the role of race
in stop and frisks. Darius Charney, a lawyer at
the Center for Constitutional
Rights, which filed the case
against the city, said the city had
framed the issue as whether or
not its stop-and-frisk policy
worked. “We’re not here to argue
whether stop-and-frisk is a wise
police tactic,” Mr. Charney said.
The argument, he said, was, is
“the way the Police Department
is doing it legal or not.”
Judge Bars Testimony
By Expert
In Frisk Suit
A plaintiffs’ lawyer
says the issue is not
whether a tactic is
wise, but if it’s legal.
By MATT FLEGENHEIMER
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg
said on Friday that the city’s
much-heralded bike-share pro-
gram would not begin until next
year, ending weeks of speculation
about the program’s fate and
dashing cyclists’ hopes of seeing
the city’s newest public travel al-
ternative this year.
Speaking on his morning radio
program, Mr. Bloomberg attrib-
uted the decision to software
problems, which he has cited re-
peatedly in recent weeks amid
calls for a further explanation for
the delay.
“The software doesn’t work,”
the mayor said. “Duh.” “You’re not going to put it out
until it does work,” he added.
By the spring, he added, “hope-
fully the software will work.” The
program was scheduled to begin
last month.
Shortly after the mayor’s com-
ments, the city released a more
detailed timeline. In March 2013,
the Transportation Department
said, the program will begin with
7,000 bikes at 420 stations. “New York City demands a
world-class bike-share system,
and we need to ensure that Citi
Bike launches as flawlessly as
New Yorkers expect on Day 1,”
Janette Sadik-Khan, the trans-
portation commissioner, said in a
statement.
Under the original plan, the
program, operated by Alta Bicy-
cle Share, was to begin with a
partial rollout this summer, then
expand to a total of 10,000 bikes
and 600 stations by summer 2013. Though Alta’s contract called
for it to begin the program in
July, the city’s comments in re-
cent days suggested a financial
penalty for the company was un-
likely. The Transportation Depart-
ment said Friday that “the time-
line, agreed to by all parties, does
not affect the Citi Bike sponsor-
ship structure, which uses $41
million in private funding from
Citi to underwrite the system for
five years.”
“The people that are putting up
the money understand,” Mr.
Bloomberg said. “They’re prob-
ably not any happier about it
than the people who want to rent
the bikes or you and me or every-
body else. But that’s the real
world.”
Alta has encountered delays to
its programs in other cities. Last
week, Chicago announced that its
program would be delayed until
next spring, after initially plan-
ning to begin in late summer. An
Alta program in Chattanooga,
Tenn., was also delayed because
of software problems, though it
began last month. Some have attributed the soft-
ware glitches to a continuing dis-
pute between the Public Bike
System Company, Alta’s Montre-
al-based partner, and 8D Tech-
nologies, which supplied the soft-
ware for successful programs in
Boston and Washington, among
other cities. The Public Bike System Com-
pany has severed ties with 8D for
the installation of new technol-
ogy in cities like New York and
Chattanooga. The change was
probably responsible for the de-
lays, said Isabelle Bettez, the
chief executive of 8D.
“What was sold to these cities
is not what, at the end of the day,
will be installed,” Ms. Bettez said
in an interview last week. “The
technological solution is a big, big
part of the system, not the one
that you necessarily see. You see
it when it doesn’t work.” Asked on Friday about the crit-
icism of Alta in recent weeks, Ali-
son Cohen, the company’s presi-
dent, said she could not “com-
ment on what other people are
saying.”
“Obviously, we’re disappointed
in the timeline,” she said. “We re-
gret that it happened in this way.”
Ms. Sadik-Khan said the city
became aware of the software is-
sues in the spring. When city offi-
cials were informed about a new
software supplier, she said, they
did not anticipate that code
would be written “from scratch.” A 2013 start date, Ms. Sadik-
Khan said, allowed the city “more
than enough time to work out the
remaining issues” with the new
operating code, which she de-
scribed as “everything from the
Internet transactions to locks at
bike-share stations.”
New York City would continue
to expand the system to 10,000
bikes after the March rollout, offi-
cials said. The news came as a disap-
pointment, if not a total surprise,
to city cyclists. Paul Steely White,
the executive director of Trans-
portation Alternatives, an advo-
cacy group that has worked
alongside the city to promote the
program, said it was critical that
it “be launched correctly, not
quickly.” “New York’s public bike-share
program will not only be the larg-
est bike-share system in the
Western Hemisphere,” he said in
a statement, “it will also be the
city’s first, brand-new, full-scale
form of public transit since the
subway’s debut more than 100
years ago.” Mr. White added in an inter-
view that with a spring start, cy-
cling might become a more po-
tent political issue in the coming
mayoral election. “It arguably
improves the public perception,
the political perception, leading
up to the election,” he said. John C. Liu, the city comptrol-
ler, who issued a report in June
warning that the city could face
lawsuits from bike accidents
when the program began, said
Friday that the delay provided an
“opportunity to address the re-
maining safety issues associated
with the plan.” Debut of City’s Bike-Share Program Is Pushed Back to March
‘The software doesn’t
work,’ the mayor says
on the radio. ‘Duh.’ Michael M. Grynbaum contribut-
ed reporting. MICHAEL NAGLE FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
It was late on Thurs-
day afternoon, and
the lifeguards at Ja-
cob Riis Park in
Queens had all gone
for the day, so Sade
Bennett, 24, lifted her
3-year-old niece,
Denaya,to join other
children in the chair
left delightfully va-
cant by the grownups.
A Tower
Of Temptation
LIBRADO ROMERO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Angel Ordonez working on a computer at the Park Avenue Armory. He is part of a group of teen-
agers spending the summer doing a variety of jobs.Some are working on a Shakespeare project.
ARCHIVES OF THE SEVENTH REGIMENT, STATE OF NEW YORK
A photo from the 1880s of Colonel Daniel Appleton, who led
the Seventh Regiment for 27 years, from 1889 to 1916.
Ø
N
A17
NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
“If you phone a Unitarian
Church between the middle of
June and Labor Day in Septem-
ber, the most you are apt to get is
a recorded mes-
sage,” Charles S.
Slap said in his
sermon at the
First Unitarian
Society of Sche-
nectady, N.Y., on
Sept. 8, 1985. “Our more orthodox
friends never cease to be as-
tounded by the contents of the
message: ‘This church is closed
for the summer. If you are one of
those people who actually need a
church during the summer, try
the Presbyterians.’ ”
Was he joking? Well, in part —
Mr. Slap surely did not wish Pres-
byterianism on potential follow-
ers. But in the matter of his own
church being closed for the sum-
mer, he was serious. “Indeed,” he
added, “85 percent of Unitarian
societies go into their strange ec-
clesiastical hibernation” in the
summer months.
Although Mr. Slap did not give
a source for his figure — the ser-
mon text can be found in his book
“Two Black Cats,” published in
1993, a year after his death —
Unitarians of a certain age will
acknowledge the truth in what he
said. After the school year ended,
God took a break, and Unitarians
took to Cape Cod, in Massachu-
setts.
But over the last 10 years or so,
the leisurely Unitarian summer
has mostly become a thing of the
past. Ministers are working
throughout the year, and congre-
gational buildings offer services
year-round. This leaves two
questions: where did the Unitari-
an summer off come from, and
where has it gone?
The Unitarian Universalist As-
sociation was formed in 1961 by
the merger of two liberal Chris-
tian organizations, the Unitarians
(who historically had taught that
Jesus was a man, not divine) and
the Universalists (who believed
in universal salvation; everyone
got saved). The Unitarian tradi-
tion, in particular, had long ap-
pealed to freethinkers and intel-
lectuals, including many college
professors.
Hence, one theory about the
summers off: thank Harvard.
Unitarianism in the United States
took off after 1805, when Harvard
caused a scandal by appointing a
Unitarian professor of theology.
In the years after, many Congre-
gational churches took a Unitari-
an direction in their teaching.
“Since then,” Mr. Slap opined,
“our fate has been tied to Har-
vard University,” whose calendar
has provided for summers off
since the early 1800s.
And since Unitarianism was a
religion of the educated and pro-
fessional class, the vacationing
class, “the Unitarian churches in
New England would all close
down in June, and everyone
headed for the Cape,” he said.
Kenneth Hurto, who served
congregations in Des Moines and
in Alexandria, Va., is now the de-
nomination’s district executive in
Florida. He said the culture of
summers off “is long since gone,”
but he remembers a different
age.
“When I came into the minis-
try 40 years ago, I heard about
colleagues who had the trunk of
the car packed on Memorial
Day,” he said. “They would disap-
pear after the service and not be
back until the first of October.”
The Unitarian summer off was
so well known that there were
jokes about it. “You know the joke
about why the practice went on
so long?” Mr. Hurto asked. “Be-
cause God trusts us.”
Rachel Walden, a spokeswom-
an for the association, agreed
that far more congregations go
year-round than used to be the
case. “But that is regionally spe-
cific,” Ms. Walden said. “In the
Maine and upper New England
areas, where people might go
away to summer homes, there
are congregations that close dur-
ing the year.” There are other
congregations, in summer beach
communities, that “might be
open only during the summer,”
she said.
Several ministers said the real
shift occurred in the past decade,
citing reasons as mundane as re-
cruitment and as profound as the
changing nature of ministry.
“Part of that is a recognition
that people move during the sum-
mer and they are church shop-
ping right now,” said Kenneth
Brown, who was ordained in 1974.
His first church, in Exeter, N.H.,
“closed after Father’s Day,” but
ministers have given up that lux-
ury. “Quite frankly,” he said, “it
behooves us to have strong serv-
ices and a minister available” in
the summer months. Susan Ritchie, a minister in
Lewis Center, Ohio, and a profes-
sor at Starr King School for the
Ministry, in Berkeley, Calif., said:
“I think part of the reason it’s
changing has to do with different
expectations for ministers. It has
been moving away from being
just the public intellectual and
more toward the helping profes-
sion. And that has to do with the
feminization of the ministry.” According to Ms. Walden, a
majority of Unitarian ministers
are women. And male ministers
of an earlier generation, Dr.
Ritchie believes, may have felt
more comfortable leaving their
flock for months at a time. And
their congregants did not expect
any different.
“When they left for the sum-
mer, they really left for the sum-
mer,” she said. “They’d get a
place on the Cape and not even
leave a forwarding address.”
Unitarians Break With Tradition of Extended Time Off in Summer
mark.e.oppenheimer
@gmail.com; twitter/markoppl MARK
OPPENHEIMER BELIEFS By ALISON LEIGH COWAN
A former rabbinical aide who
may hold the fate of a United
States representative in his
hands has been arrested on im-
migration-fraud charges, federal
authorities said on Friday.
According to a criminal com-
plaint unsealed on Friday, the
aide, Ofer Biton, 39, who used to
work for Rabbi Yoshiyahu Pinto
of Manhattan, schemed to com-
mit immigration fraud and other
illegal acts with other people.
United States Magistrate
Judge Steven M. Gold signed a
warrant on Monday that led to
Mr. Biton’s arrest late in the
week.
Mr. Biton, who was arraigned
in Brooklyn on Friday and or-
dered held at the Metropolitan
Detention Center without bail,
has previously denied any
wrongdoing. His lawyer, Jeffrey
Udell, declined to comment on
Friday. According to the complaint,
Mr. Biton deceived the govern-
ment in June 2010 about the
source of $500,000 that he
claimed to have put into a new
business that was to make him el-
igible for a permanent visa. Immigrants who can document
that they have invested signif-
icant amounts of capital in the
United States and have created
jobs for Americans are often eli-
gible for a permanent visa for
themselves and their families.
But under the rules, the seed
money for the business has to
have been obtained honestly. In his papers, Mr. Biton
claimed much of the money for
his business came from a loan
from a family friend. In challenging that account,
the complaint strongly hints that
the money was raised through
more coercive means, like ex-
tortion.
While it was not mentioned in
the complaint, Mr. Biton has also
emerged as a key figure in the
2009-10 Congressional campaign
of Representative Michael G.
Grimm, a Republican who repre-
sents Staten Island and Brooklyn
and is seeking re-election.
Though Mr. Biton is barred from
raising money for federal election
campaigns because he is an ille-
gal immigrant, he is said to have
raised much of Mr. Grimm’s cam-
paign money for that race from
the rabbi’s followers and left the
impression with some of them
that he expected help with his
visa problems in return if Mr.
Grimm was elected. Mr. Grimm, who has not been
charged with a crime, insists he
complied with all campaign laws.
The presence of Anthony
Capozzolo, the head of the public
corruption unit of the United
States attorney’s office in Brook-
lyn, at Mr. Biton’s arraignment,
reinforced the appearance that
the case has more significance to
the government than a mere im-
migration case.
Mr. Capozzolo has been busy
ever since the authorities became
aware last year of serious irregu-
larities and turmoil at Shuva Is-
rael, an Orthodox yeshiva on the
East Side of Manhattan that Mr.
Biton helped establish as the top
aide to and translator for Rabbi
Pinto, who speaks Hebrew.
For several months now, the
authorities have been investigat-
ing the possibility that Mr. Biton,
along with Ronn Torossian, a
public relations executive, em-
bezzled millions of dollars in
charitable funds from the yeshiva
and extorted additional money
from the rabbi and his followers
until Mr. Biton parted ways with
the congregation in 2010. Mr. To-
rossian, who has not been
charged, has emphatically denied
any wrongdoing. Asked for comment, his lawyer,
Gerald L. Shargel, called the
complaint “a collection of hints
and innuendos.” “There is nothing in the docu-
ment that requires me to com-
ment,” he added.
Lawyers who read the com-
plaint said that the charges ap-
peared to have been narrowly
drawn to preserve Mr. Biton’s
ability to become a government
witness and cooperate against
other possible defendants in a
scheme whose tentacles have al-
ready touched off public corrup-
tion investigations in the halls of
Congress and overseas. By focusing strictly on the im-
migration fraud and not on other
areas where Mr. Biton might
have criminal exposure, the gov-
ernment may be ensuring that it
minimizes the amount of poten-
tially incriminating material it ul-
timately has to make public
about Mr. Biton, since that ma-
terial could be used by other de-
fendants to attack his credibility
or motives, the lawyers ex-
plained.
“We’re satisfied that this in-
vestigation is proceeding and we
look forward to the criminal jus-
tice system playing itself out,”
said Arthur L. Aidala, Rabbi Pin-
to’s lawyer.
Congressional Fund-Raiser Charged With Immigration Fraud
YOSSEF BEN YOSSEF
Ofer Biton has been accused
of immigration fraud.
By VIVIAN YEE
Oreo, the runaway horse who
dumped his carriage driver and
two passengers near Columbus
Circle on Thursday, may have
bolted his way into an easier life-
style.
Until that moment, Oreo, a
6-year-old draft gelding,had a
typical story.
Like many of his fellow car-
riage horses, he was born in
Pennsylvania. He had worked his
trade for five years, gobbling sev-
eral bags of carrots each night. On Thursday, he was pulling
his red-and-white carriage with
its jaunty flower bouquet near
Central Park, as he usually did,
but that afternoon turned out to
be anything but usual.
Something spooked him so
badly that he took off running
through the busy intersection at
Columbus Circle, shedding his
passengers, his driver and his
carriage before being caught on
Ninth Avenue. (The driver, Meh-
met Dunbar, and a male pas-
senger who was also injured,
were released from the hospital
by Friday morning.)
Oreo, who is young by draft-
horse standards, was destined to
pull carriages for at least several
more years. But his owner, Frank
Nolan, has decided a midcareer
change may be in order, said Ste-
phen Malone, a longtime carriage
driver and spokesman for the
Horse and Carriage Association
of New York.
“When a horse suffers a trau-
matic experience like that, we
don’t want anything to happen in
the future,” Mr. Malone said.
Though Oreo suffered no more
than a scratch or two, Mr. Malone
said, he will most likely need sev-
eral weeks to recover and re-
adjust to city noise.
Standing 16 hands high and
weighing 1,700 pounds, Oreo has
a deep brown splashing the front
of his white body. He was exam-
ined by two veterinarians on
Thursday and suspended from
carriage work for seven days, Mr.
Malone said. A spokesman for
the American Society for the Pre-
vention of Cruelty to Animals,
which monitors New York’s car-
riage horses, said that if Oreo
were to work again, he would
have to pass a full examination.
Oreo has several options. He
may pull carriages in less urban
settings, freelance in parades and
weddings, or even try the trail-
riding business. Or he could go
private: Mr. Malone said the sta-
bles had already fielded several
calls from people wanting to give
Oreo a new home, possibly buy-
ing him for leisure.
But for a glimpse of what prob-
ably lies in store for Oreo, one
need only look to Paddy, a 17-
year-old Percheron who retired
in May after 12 years in the car-
riage force. He is living out his
days at Blue Star Equiculture, a
draft-horse sanctuary and organ-
ic farm in Palmer, Mass., that
takes in New York carriage
horses.
If Paddy’s months in the green
pastures of central Massachu-
setts are any indication, a life of
pleasure may await Oreo.
“Paddy has a girlfriend,” said
Pamela Rickenbach, Blue Star’s
director. “He’s having a great
time.”
The “girl” in question is a Bel-
gian named Cami, rescued by
Blue Star from a New Jersey auc-
tion house known for sending
horses to the slaughterhouse. In
her first months at the farm,
Cami refused to eat and watched
the road as if pining for her for-
mer owner, Ms. Rickenbach said.
But since Paddy arrived, the two
have been inseparable, and Cami
has put on 150 pounds.
Paddy, a tall, white horse,
keeps active, marching in local
parades and teaching younger
horses to stand in a harness. He
is also something of a celebrity:
Ms. Rickenbach said people have
come from all over the Northeast
to visit him.
Oreo may be dreaming of
greener pastures, but some ani-
mal rights groups expressed con-
cern that many carriage horses
ultimately end up in slaughter-
houses. Carriage horse owners
say they try to avoid that fate for
their animals, though. Meanwhile, Oreo probably
does not know that he has be-
come a flash point in the reignit-
ed debate over New York’s car-
riage horses. Several animal
rights groups and anti-carriage
groups are backing previously
proposed City Council legislation
that would either ban horse-
drawn carriages or replace them
with “horseless carriages,” elec-
tric cars driven by the former
carriage drivers.
Scott Levenson, a spokesman
for New Yorkers for Clean, Liv-
able and Safe Streets, one of the
groups fighting for the legisla-
tion, said hundreds of people had
contacted his group after hearing
about Oreo’s getaway. Last year,
there were at least seven in-
stances of a horse getting
spooked, colliding with a vehicle
or collapsing, events that animal
advocates say harm the horses
and endanger the public. The
group’s online petition that sup-
ports the City Council legislation
had gathered more than 91,000
signatures as of Friday after-
noon, up from about 86,000 on
Wednesday.
But the legislation lacks sup-
port from crucial city officials, in-
cluding the City Council speaker,
Christine C. Quinn, and Mayor
Michael R. Bloomberg.
“In our society, we have, from
cave-man times, used animals as
part of our economy. We eat
them,” Mr. Bloomberg said in an
interview on WOR-AM on Friday
morning. Of the horse-drawn car-
riages, he said, “I think it’s some-
thing that a lot of tourists really
love. It makes New York, New
York.”
Oreo, for his part, had little to
contribute. In his stall at the Clin-
ton Park Stables on Friday af-
ternoon, he tore hay from his
feeder and stoically accepted the
pats from the reporters and pho-
tographers who came to see him,
ready, it seemed, for a quieter
life.
ÁNGEL FRANCO/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Oreo, the horse that dumped his carriage and ran amok near Columbus Circle on Thursday, at the Clinton Park Stables on Friday.
Draft Horse
That Bolted
May End Up
On Easy St.
A less hectic job
or a new owner may
be in store for Oreo.
are not publicized. In Harlem, down the block
from the couple with the char-
donnay and Coors, a man who
identified himself as “D” sat on
the threshold of the apartment
building where he lives near
Marcus Garvey Park. The door
was ajar and he was clutching his
keys. He said his disposable cup
was filled with iced tea, but he ad-
mitted to indulging in a beer on
other nights to unwind between
working two jobs, occasionally
wearing a suit and tie.
“I got a ticket right here,” he
said, slapping the red concrete
with his left hand.
“Someone might be getting
robbed, but they’ve stopped by
here to ask what I’m drinking?”
he said. “That’s a messed-up law
to me.”
One Brooklynite, Kimber Van-
Ry, has become something of a
hero to stoop drinkers. In 2009, Mr. VanRy challenged
a violation for drinking a Sierra
Nevada in front of his Prospect
Heights co-op, where he was a
board member. After he made
several court appearances and
one judge recused himself, the
case was eventually thrown out.
“These laws want to chase us
all into private spaces that most
people can’t afford or have ac-
cess to,” Mr. VanRy said recently. Public drinking laws, he said,
are unevenly enforced along ra-
cial lines and don’t address actu-
al crimes being committed. “I see
this very much like stop and
frisk,” he said. He suggested that spending
time on the stoop strengthened
the community. “When you don’t
know your neighborhood and
your neighbors, I think some-
thing has been lost,” he said.
Matt Rohrer and his wife, Su-
san McCullough, chose to live in
Park Slope partly, they said, be-
cause of the welcoming steps that
cascade down from the second
floors of brownstones. It is not
uncommon to see parents sitting
on those steps sipping wine as
their children splash in plastic
pools on the sidewalk. “New York
City’s not supposed to be so Puri-
tan.” Mr. Rohrer said.
Although the police regularly
patrol their street, Mr. Rohrer
said he and his wife had not been
written up for their illegal activi-
ties. But, he said defiantly, “I’m
not going to stop.”
Mr. Brown and Mr. Jordan
were back on the stoop in Fort
Greene last week, this time with
40-ounce Becks and Guinnesses
that a neighbor delivered via
skateboard in a black plastic bo-
dega bag. Next door, a small
group leaned against the black
metal railings of their own stoop,
talking quietly, laughing occa-
sionally, with a bottle of red wine.
Mr. Jordan excused himself to
move his Jaguar to a better park-
ing spot, and to check on a neigh-
bor who recently lost his father. A woman with a yoga mat un-
der her arm approached Mr.
Brown to show him a photo of his
son on her iPhone. “You must be
so proud of him,” she said before
kissing him on both cheeks and
turning in for the night.
Savoring The Illicit: Cocktails On the Stoop
From Page A14
If the public can see
you, that plastic cup
of riesling is illegal,
gate or no gate.
Vivian Yee contributed reporting. This is the 11th in a series of arti-
cles exploring how people in the
New York City area spend their
summers after dark.
Summer Nights
ONLINE:
Previous articles in
the series:
nytimes.com/nyregion
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EDITORIALS/LETTERS
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
An Emory University professor who
uses speech recognition software
says Autocorrect has made her prose
recognizable.
nytimes.com/opinion
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS The lines on Wednesday were huge, like the ribbon of
humanity at Navy Pier in Chicago that snaked through
halls and stairwells and along the pier and then stretched,
amazingly, out to and under Lake Shore Drive. Young ille-
gal immigrants by the tens of thousands formed similar
lines in other cities across the country. They lined up out-
side churches and nonprofit agencies, holding paperwork
and folders, to learn more about a new Obama administra-
tion policy that would protect them from deportation and
give them permission to work.
It was the first day of applications for the administra-
tion’s “deferred action” program, which does not give le-
gal status to unauthorized immigrants, just a two-year re-
prieve from expulsion. It’s simply a step away from indis-
criminate deportations, a reordering of enforcement pri-
orities to shield law-abiding young people who were
brought here illegally as children. It’s also an application of common sense. But to Mr.
Obama’s more strident critics, Wednesday was no less
than the beginning of the end of the Constitution. One of
them called it “A-Day,” for amnesty, and invoked the fall of
the Roman Empire.
In Arizona, Gov. Jan Brewer on Wednesday issued an
executive order barring anyone who wins deferred action
from getting public benefits or obtaining a driver’s li-
cense. Because Arizona law already denies those things to
illegal immigrants, her action seemed motivated by little
more than spite. Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama said of
the Obama policy: “It is a direct threat to the rule of law
and to the demonstrated desire of the American people for
a lawful system of immigration.”
Actually, it’s the opposite. Wednesday’s lines were
more than a display of hope and enthusiasm. They were a
full-scale outbreak of law and order, of people wanting to
play by the rules, to make their way lawfully in the coun-
try that needs them. Those who qualify for deferred action — young stu-
dents and those with military service — are victims of a
broken system. Back when Congress was functioning bet-
ter, there was strong bipartisan support to help them be-
come legal through the Dream Act. But Republicans sty-
mied the bill, preferring the unlawful status quo — forcing
millions to keep living indefinitely outside the law, then
spending billions of dollars to slowly catch them one by
one. It took courage for these young people to come out
into the open, getting ready to present themselves to fed-
eral authorities. There will be no appeals if their applica-
tions are rejected. It is encouraging to see community
agencies and nonprofits setting up information sessions,
at reasonable cost, to process applicants’ paperwork and
protect them from being defrauded by unscrupulous im-
migration counselors. Organizations and law firms are do-
nating time and expertise to help make the program work.
Business leaders and philanthropic groups are raising pri-
vate donations to help applicants cover their fees.
It will be a wise investment. As Senator Richard Dur-
bin of Illinois, who sponsored the Dream Act and cheered
on the students in Chicago, said: “You can’t stop this
force. This is a force of people who have grown up in this
country and want to be part of its future. They are creat-
ing a moral force beyond a legal force.” Long Lines and Big Dreams
A new policy gives young immigrants a reprieve from deportation and a chance to work
The JOBS Act — Jump-Start Our Business Start-Ups
— is a bad law. Enacted in April, it ends longstanding in-
vestor protections, reduces market transparency and low-
ers accounting and auditing standards for companies that
are planning to go public. There’s a difference, however, between bad and
worse. In recent weeks, the Securities and Exchange
Commission has been under pressure from Congress to
rush ahead with regulations to put the law into effect,
without first issuing proposed rules and seeking public
comment. A rushed process would deprive investor advo-
cates of the chance to weigh in on how to carry out the law
while still protecting individual investors from fraud. On Friday, however, the S.E.C. chairwoman, Mary
Schapiro, confirmed that the agency would not ram new
rules through without public comment. She will undoubt-
edly take political heat for the decision, but she has made
the right call. At issue are rules on “general solicitations,” or mass
advertising of nonpublic securities to individual invest-
ors. Before the JOBS Act, general solicitations were
banned, a measure that shielded the general public from
offerings that are difficult, if not impossible, to evaluate
without special inside knowledge — and that are prone to
fraud. Private companies, including hedge funds and ven-
ture capital firms, could direct their offerings only to “ac-
credited investors,” those with at least $1 million in net
worth (not including a home) or at least $200,000 of year-
ly income.
Under the JOBS Act, the S.E.C. is required to lift the
ban on general solicitations for private stock offerings.
But investors in such deals must still meet the net worth
or income requirements in previous law. It is up to the
S.E.C. to provide “reasonable steps” that private-stock is-
suers must take to ensure that their investors qualify. Hedge funds are pushing for loose standards; invest-
or advocates have rightly called for strict standards to en-
sure that everyday investors are not drawn into unsuit-
able, and potentially fraudulent, high-risk investments. The JOBS Act makes the world less safe for investors.
Done right, the rules the S.E.C. imposes can at least mini-
mize the harm that is sure to come. The Unsafe World of Investing New rules, done right, could at least help shield investors from fraud Registering to vote in New York State is an unneces-
sarily cumbersome process, time-consuming and prone to
error. Voters fill out forms at one of 129 motor vehicle of-
fices around the state, which then have to be sorted and
mailed to local boards of elections.Some names never
make it to the lists of registered voters. Little wonder that
New York ranks a dismal 48th in the nation in voter regis-
tration, trailed only by Texas and Mississippi.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo has now made things much sim-
pler. People with a valid driver’s license or state-issued
nondriver’s identification card will be able to register to
vote on the Department of Motor Vehicles Web site. This
is definitely progress. According to the Brennan Center
for Justice at New York University School of Law, only 14
other states have or will soon offer online registration. Still, the plan needs further improvement. For one
thing, lots of people don’t have driver’s licenses, especial-
ly those living in New York City. They will still be required
to fill out paper forms and hope for the best. Moreover, there is no guarantee that the new regis-
tration lists will actually show up on the local election
boards’ computers, which apparently can’t handle the
new data. Cuomo administration officials promise that the
computers at local boards will be “tweaked” next year. In
the meantime, the new information received online from
voters will be sent to a central Albany office, where it will
be printed, rerouted and mailed to the county boards. That
will still be cheaper, simpler and less vulnerable to error
than the old system, the Cuomo people say.
Mr. Cuomo’s next step should be to coax the Legisla-
ture into purging or modernizing some of the state’s out-
dated voting laws. Under ridiculously arcane rules, it can
take a year for a New York voter to change political par-
ties. The antiquated ballot format and styling need updat-
ing.Registration should be allowed 10 days before an elec-
tion, not more than 25 days, which is the way it works now.
But give the Cuomo team its due. At a time when Re-
publican lawmakers in Ohio, Pennsylvania and Florida
are throwing up new obstacles to voters, New York’s gov-
ernor is trying to make voting easier. Welcome, New York Voters
TO THE EDITOR:
“Carbon Credits Gone Awry Raise
Output of Harmful Gas” (“Chilling Ef-
fect” series, front page, Aug. 9), about
the effect of the United Nations’ carbon
credit program in driving increased
production of a coolant with a harmful
waste gas byproduct, illustrates the key
drawbacks of carbon credit programs,
cap and trade, and related schemes. These programs often lead to per-
verse incentives that produce no net re-
duction in greenhouse gas emissions or,
worse, can even increase emissions.
Cap-and-trade programs, like the Euro-
pean Union’s, allow offsets that are too
easily manipulated.
A better way to address the urgent
problem of climate change is through
instituting a fee on carbon. A carbon fee
at the source, based on emissions per
ton, would create an incentive for pro-
ducers to develop innovative solutions
to decrease their fossil fuel consump-
tion and lower their emissions. It would
be more straightforward to carry out
and not subject to easy manipulation.
Groups like Citizens Climate Lobby
are advocating for adopting such a fee
in the United States and Canada, with
the revenue returned to citizens as divi-
dends. International organizations like
the United Nations would be wise to
consider switching to a carbon fee sys-
tem as well.SHIRA MARKOFF
Fair Lawn, N.J., Aug. 10, 2012
The writer is co-leader of Citizens Cli-
mate Lobby’s New York City chapter.
TO THE EDITOR:
Contrary to “Carbon Credits Gone
Awry Raise Output of a Harmful Gas,”
people foresaw huge risks around the
Clean Development Mechanism.
At the creation of the system and re-
peatedly since, Environmental Defense
Fund warned that minting credits for
reducing emissions below “what would
have otherwise occurred” in fast-grow-
ing nations would spawn perverse in-
centives, with industries tempted to
generate bogus credits by inflating
growth projections.
But let’s free the baby from the bath-
water. Nations with firm caps on emis-
sions are on track to cut pollution signif-
icantly, with little reliance on the bogus
credits. Europe has now banned these
kinds of credits, and California and oth-
er jurisdictions are following suit.
We should not thumb our noses at
well-structured carbon markets be-
cause of one system’s failed element.
Attention and efforts should be focused
on the real issues: ensuring the integri-
ty of the market and the effectiveness of
the effort.JENNIFER HAVERKAMP
Director
International Climate Program
Environmental Defense Fund
Washington, Aug. 9, 2012
Programs to Reduce Carbon Emissions
SAM D’ORAZIO
Fans of honest gamesmanship should be inured by
now to the spectacle of a home run hitter caught conniving
with his private druggist to break the rules. The latest is
Melky Cabrera,the most valuable player in last month’s
All-Star Game who humbly attributed his success to the
Lord.After drug testing, the San Francisco Giants out-
fielder was forced by league officials to admit this week
that banned doses of testosterone also played no small
role in his blazing bat speed.
Baseball lovers may be used to this kind of disap-
pointment. But are followers of competitive Scrabble also
to steel themselves to cheating? In a word, yes. One of the
most promising young players had to be thrown out of the
national Scrabble championship tournament in Orlando,
Fla.,this week when he was caught trying to hide two
blank tiles — those invaluable wild cards a player can des-
ignate as any letter.
“The Scrabble world is abuzz,” John Williams Jr., the
tournament director,admitted. He did not identify the
cheater, a teenager in Division 3 who was competing for a
$2,000 prize.The player forfeited his victories, departing
no less ingloriously than Cabrera, who was banned for 50
games. The comfort for Scrabble players, as Mr. Williams
pointed out, is that the game is relentlessly self-policing.
Anyone who plays it even with family members (maybe
particularly with family members) knows how furiously
vigilant (snarling?) players can be toward one another.
This was the case in Orlando, where another player spied
the sly cheater and instantly alerted a referee.
As in baseball, the cheating scandal did not stop the
action. The intense five-day Scrabble tournament ended
with a showdown in the most skilled division for a $10,000
prize, won by Nigel Richards,a four-time champion who
strung together a prodigious (and clean) “four-bingo”
coup: four interlaced words of seven or eight letters each,
no short cop-outs. It was as impressive as a walk-off home
run in the World Series. It’s How You Play the Game
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TO THE EDITOR:
Re “Amid a Political Calm, a Tax
Break for the Wind Industry Advances”
(Business Day, Aug. 3):
Mitt Romney’s opposition to extend-
ing the wind energy production tax
credit is just one more sign of the Re-
publican presidential candidate’s out-
moded energy vision. A self-proclaimed skeptic about cli-
mate change, Mr. Romney seeks to strip
the Environmental Protection Agency
of its authority to regulate carbon emis-
sions. Complacent about existing fed-
eral subsidies to the oil and gas in-
dustries, he balks at supporting a clean,
superabundant power source that is
struggling to compete on a very uneven
playing field.
According to a report released by the
National Renewable Energy Laborato-
ry in June, America could supply nearly
half our total power needs from wind
and solar energy by 2050, using technol-
ogy that is commercially available to-
day. Imagine what that would do to our
country’s carbon footprint. To move America toward a more sus-
tainable energy future, we need na-
tional leadership that will check the ex-
cesses of well-entrenched fossil fuel in-
terests while encouraging cleaner al-
ternatives like wind.
PHILIP WARBURG
Newton, Mass., Aug. 3, 2012
The writer is the author of “Harvest the
Wind: America’s Journey to Jobs, Ener-
gy Independence and Climate Stability.” Romney and Wind Power
TO THE EDITOR:
“Wed and Tortured at 13, Afghan Girl
Finds Rare Justice” (news article, Aug.
12) was painful to read, not just about
Sahar Gul’s case, but also knowing that
there are potentially millions of girls like
her who need help. Her case shows the
need for more political will, United Na-
tions and donor development programs,
and civil society engagement to end
child marriage and domestic violence. Local and national efforts are essen-
tial. But they need to be supported by ac-
tion at the international level.
Model projects in Ethiopia and India
provide a road map for helping the well
over 100 million girls currently at risk of
forced or child marriages. If develop-
ment goals in Afghanistan are to be real-
ized, adolescent girls need continued,
guaranteed access to education, repro-
ductive health information and care, and
enforcement of human rights protec-
tions.
Oct. 11 is an important opportunity to
spotlight ending child marriage as the
United Nations Population Fund and
other parts of the United Nations will
mark the first International Day of the
Girl Child. Nowis the time for awareness
and quicker action.
BABATUNDE OSOTIMEHIN New York, Aug. 13, 2012
The writer is an under secretary general
of the United Nations and executive di-
rector of the United Nations Population
Fund.
Forced Child Marriages
TO THE EDITOR:
Thank you for your Aug. 10 editorial
on behalf of domestic-worker rights and
my bill A.B. 889. Yes, we are in California, but the life
of an average domestic worker here is
less glamorous than that of the nannies,
cooks and housemaids depicted by our
state’s movie and TV studios. And de-
spite what opponents have tried to say,
the bill isn’t about casual teenage baby
sitters. Underrecognized domestic workers
also include those who act tirelessly on
behalf of people with disabilities. That
care does more than allow “households
to function smoothly.” It allows people
to stay at home instead of in institu-
tions, preserving life and quality of life. As you point out, all these workers
deserve fair labor protections — protec-
tions enjoyed by most working people.
That’s why California needs the Domes-
tic Workers Bill of Rights.
(Assemblyman) TOM AMMIANO
San Francisco, Aug. 10, 2012
Domestic-Worker Rights
TO THE EDITOR:
Re “Museum Defends Antiquities
Collecting” (Arts pages, Aug. 13):
Your article about the Cleveland Mu-
seum’s collecting policy does not ad-
dress one of the more important aspects
of collecting unprovenanced antiqui-
ties: it gives legal and financial ex-
posure to the institution.
In recent years many museums and
private collectors have had to return un-
provenanced antiquities when they
were seized by United States Customs
or the F.B.I. or were the objects of law-
suits brought by source countries. Acquiring antiquities without docu-
mented provenance risks the refusal of
source countries to lend objects and a
boycott by the very scholars and ar-
chaeologists with whom the museum
collaborates on the study and exhibition
of its collections.
It ill behooves museums, institutions
supported by public funds, to contribute
to the destruction of the world’s cultural
heritage by encouraging tomb robbing
and the illicit trade in antiquities, activi-
ties with connections to organized
crime and international money launder-
ing. ELIZABETH BARTMAN
New York, Aug. 13, 2012
The writer is president of the Archaeo-
logical Institute of America.
Acquiring Antiquities
Ø
N
A19
OP-ED
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
Tying up loose ends before vacation:
What was that about? The Standard
Chartered scandal, I mean. Nearly two
weeks ago, we were led to believe that
the big British bank had conducted some
$250 billion worth of illegal transactions
with Iranian institutions. But,after the
charges were brought by the New York
State Department of Financial Services,
other regulators, in Washington and Lon-
don, expressed shock. They were upset,
first,because they had been blindsided
and,second,because they,too,had been
investigating the bank and were coming
to the conclusion that its behavior was
largely legal.
Then, on the eve of a public hearing
that could have cost the bank its New
York license, Standard Chartered settled
for $340 million. One the one hand, that is
a huge sum for a state regulator to col-
lect. On the other hand, it is a rounding
error for the bank, which quietly put out
the word that it had settled to put the bad
publicity behind it. (Its calculation ap-
pears to have been a good one — the
bank’s stock quickly rose once the settle-
ment was announced.)
What is frustrating is that here we are,
after these inflammatory charges have
been hurled, with no idea whether they
are true. If Standard Chartered routinely
conducted illegal transactions, then Ben-
jamin Lawsky, the chief New York bank
regulator, showed the kind of spine that
other regulators have largely lacked. And
if it didn’t? Then the bank is the victim of
a publicity-hungry regulator. Neither
prospect is fun to contemplate.
•
Someone told me recently that a hand-
ful of firms that use high-frequency trad-
ing strategies are developing a new mi-
crowave system to connect their Chicago
and New York offices. The reason? To
shave literally nanoseconds off the time
it takes to complete trades. It’s true. It’s
also madness.
After I wrote about high-frequency
trading two weeks ago, I wound up think-
ing I had understated how corrosive —
and pervasive — it has become. In fact,
the markets have been largely optimized
for high-frequency trading. The ex-
changes cater to these traders. Everyone
scrambles to get their business. Firms
like Knight Capital —which lost $440 mil-
lion a couple weeks ago in a computer fi-
asco — both take orders from brokers
and run their own trading systems. That
gives them, undeniably, advantages for
their own trading. The regulators, fo-
cused on the prospect of computer mal-
functions that lead to wild price swings,
are missing the forest for the trees.The
real issue is the capture of the markets
by high-frequency traders, not the occa-
sions their computers run amok.
As for the long-term investor or the
companies that want to tap the capital
markets, their concerns scarcely matter.
High-frequency trading is where Wall
Street now makes its money. That’s all
that counts.
•
Have you been following the recent
athletic scandal swirling around the Uni-
versity of North Carolina? It has been
brewing since last August when The
News and Observer of Raleigh obtained
the transcript of a football player who’d
suspiciously completed a senior-level
course the summer before his freshman
year. This triggered an inquiry going
back to 2007, which revealed that the Af-
rican and Afro-American Studies Depart-
ment was a haven for no-show classes,
grades that were quietly changed and bo-
gus independent studies courses. The
purpose of these shenanigans, it would
appear, was to keep athletes, especially
football players, eligible.
The department chairman quickly re-
signed, and the university promised to
make sure nothing like this ever happens
again. But,earlier this week, a transcript
was posted online that appears to have
been the scholastic record of the former
U.N.C.— and current Chicago Bears —
player Julius Peppers. Peppers attended
North Carolina long before 2007; his first
year was 1998. And his transcript —with
its summer courses that magically al-
lowed him to retain his eligibility — could
serve as a template for how to remain eli-
gible without getting anything that ap-
proaches an education. It also suggests
that these problems have been going on a
lot longer than 2007. Is North Carolina a particularly bad
actor? Hardly. But gaming the system
has become a necessity for every big-
time football and basketball school. In
the wake of the Penn State scandal, the
N.C.A.A.is vowing to never again allow
universities to put athletics ahead of aca-
demics. But it’s too late for that.The only
real answer is to stop the hypocrisy, pay
the players and let them attend school —
if they want.
•
Let’s see: It’s been three months since
Facebook went public. Since then, its
stock has fallen around 50 percent, plain-
tiffs’ lawyers are lining up to sue it over
its botched initial offering, and the news
coming out of Facebook has been unre-
mittingly lousy.
The person who was most reluctant to
take Facebook public was Mark Zucker-
berg, its youthful chief executive. I won-
der what he’s thinking now.
Ø
JOE NOCERA Ever Hear
The One
About …
Bank scandals, football scandals and then some.
Let’s see if we can clear up a few
things.
First of all, Paul Ryan and Mitt Rom-
ney are not the same person. They are-
n’t even related! Stop spreading ru-
mors! Although they do sort of look
alike and enjoy spending time together.
Perhaps Mitt regards Paul as the sixth
son he never had.
Ryan is the one who lives on the same
block where he grew up. Romney is the
one who lives above the car elevator. Ryan is the one who spent his youth
cooking hamburgers at McDonald’s.
Romney is the one who used to enjoy
dressing up as a police officer and play-
ing fun pranks on his prep school
friends. Neither one of them worked as
a Wienermobile driver. Really, I don’t
know where you get this stuff.
Ryan is the one who likes to catch cat-
fish by sticking his fist into their bur-
rows and dragging them out by the
throat. Romney is the one who drove to
Canada with his dog strapped to the car
roof. When it comes to the issues, both
men are on the same page. Although the
page does keep turning and you have to
wonder how average voters can cope
with all of the confusion. Fortunately, polls suggest average
voters have already decided who
they’re going to support and,therefore,
have no need whatsoever to try to fig-
ure out which page the Romney-Ryan
campaign is on. Practically the only person in Amer-
ica who claims to have no idea who he’s
going to vote for is Senator Joseph Lie-
berman, who recently declared himself
absolutely and totally undecided. Peo-
ple, do you think it’s possible that the
entire presidential campaign is now be-
ing waged just for the benefit of Joseph
Lieberman? On the one hand, that’s a
real waste of about $1 billion. On the oth-
er, it’s exactly what Joseph Lieberman
has been waiting for all his life.
Anyhow, about the issues:
Ryan is the one who requested stimu-
lus money for his district, but he is sor-
ry. The stimulus was a terrible thing,
and Ryan had no intention of trying to
glom onto a chunk of it. He thought he
was just forwarding a constituent re-
quest for some … constituent thing. Or
four. Romney is the one who hired undocu-
mented workers to mow his lawn. To-
tally by mistake.
Ryan is the one who voted for a mas-
sive prescription drug Medicare enti-
tlement, the Bush tax cuts and two wars
without paying for any of them. He is
even sorrier about this than he is about
the stimulus. Romney is the one who passed Oba-
macare before Obama. But it wasn’t the
same thing at all because it happened in
a state.
Both men want to make more big tax
cuts that will be paid for with the closing
of tax loopholes. They are in total, com-
plete concurrence that the identity of
these loopholes is not an appropriate
topic for a presidential campaign.
Ryan is supposed to be the Tea Party
hero and Romney is the one they hated
so much they were actually willing to
contemplate a Newt Gingrich presiden-
cy to avoid him. But I’m not entirely sure we can trust
the hard right to know what it wants
anymore. This week in Florida, a Re-
publican primary uprising knocked out
Cliff Stearns, a superconservative vet-
eran congressman who had cam-
paigned on his efforts to kill off federal
funds for Planned Parenthood and em-
barrass the Obama administration with
an investigation into the Solyndra loans.
That sort of bragging enraged the faith-
ful by reminding them that Stearns was
a Washington insider, and he lost to a
newcomer named Ted Yoho. Maybe Tea Party voters now only
want to send people to Washington who
will lack the capacity to get anything
done. Personally, I’m kind of O.K.with
that. Also, I like the idea of having a con-
gressman named Ted Yoho, as well as
the fact that Yoho describes himself as a
“large animal veterinarian.” We don’t
have many veterinarians in Congress,
and you never can tell when a visiting
heifer will come down with a medical
problem.
All right, a little more about the is-
sues.
Romney has a plan to make Medicare
solvent forever. We know this because
he wrote “Solvent” on the board at a
press conference the other day.
Ryan used to have a plan to make
Medicare solvent forever by taking it
away from everybody under age 55 and
giving them health insurance vouchers
instead. But that was so 2011. Now, Ryan and Romney are on the
same page when it comes to Medicare,
which is that it must be saved from the
$716 billion in cuts President Obama
wants to make over the next 10 years.
Although that same $716 billion was in
the budget plan that Ryan got the
House to pass this year. But it’s not like
he expected it to happen. “We would
never have done it,” he told campaign
reporters, desperate wretches con-
demned to roam the earth with calcula-
tors, endlessly searching for the Ryan-
Romney page.Ø
GAIL COLLINS Political
Page Turners Deconstructing Paul and Mitt.
Shady money, voter suppression, shift-
ing positions, murky details and wide-
spread apathy.
If there is a road map for a Mitt Rom-
ney/Paul Ryan win in November, that’s
it. Distasteful all.
As The New York Times reported this
week,Paul Ryan made the trip on Tues-
day to kiss the ring of Sheldon Adelson,
the billionaire casino owner who has
pledged to spend as much as $100 million
to defeat President Obama. No reporters
were allowed in, of course.
As The Times’s editorial page pointed
out on Friday:
“Last year, his company, the Las
Vegas Sands Corporation, announced
that it was under investigation by the
Justice Department and the Securities
and Exchange Commission for possible
violations of the Foreign Corrupt Prac-
tices Act — specifically, that it bribed Chi-
nese officials for help in expanding its ca-
sino empire in Macau. Later, the F.B.I.
became involved, and even Chinese reg-
ulators looked askance at the company’s
conduct, fining it $1.6 million for violating
foreign exchange rules, The Times re-
ported on Monday.”
There was a saying I heard growing up
in Louisiana: “Bad money doesn’t spend
right.”
On Wednesday, a judge in Pennsylva-
nia who is a Republican refused to block
a ridiculously restrictive, Republican-
backed voter identification law from go-
ing into effect in the state, which is a crit-
ical swing state. Surprise, surprise. And to add insult to injury, The Phila-
delphia Inquirer reported Friday: “On
the same day a judge cleared the way for
the state’s new voter identification law to
take effect, the Corbett administration
abandoned plans to allow voters to apply
online for absentee ballots for the No-
vember election and to register online to
vote.”
Corbett is Tom Corbett, the Republican
governor of the state. In June, State Representative Mike
Turzai, a Republican and the Pennsylva-
nia House majority leader, ripped the ve-
neer off the purpose of the voter changes
in the state when he declared, “voter ID,
which is going to allow Governor Rom-
ney to win the state of Pennsylvania:
done.”
Angry yet? Well wait, there’s more.
As has been well documented, Mitt
Romney has flip-flopped on many of the
major positions he once held: abortion,
taxes, guns. Now his vice-presidential
pick, has traded his wingtips for a pair of
toe-splitters.
Thursday, as Think Progress pointed
out, Ryan adopted Romney’s position on
China’s currency manipulation and steal-
ing of intellectual property, saying: “Mitt
Romney and I are going to crack down on
China cheating and make sure trade
works for Americans.”
However, as Talking Points Memo re-
ported: “Ryan has consistently opposed
measures to crack down on China’s cur-
rency manipulation practices, which tilt
the playing field against American labor.” Furthermore, The Boston Globe re-
ported Tuesday:“In 2009, as Rep. Paul D.
Ryan was railing against President Oba-
ma’s $787 billion stimulus package as a
‘wasteful spending spree,’ he wrote at
least four letters to Obama’s secretary of
energy asking that millions of dollars
from the program be granted to a pair of
Wisconsin conservation groups, accord-
ing to documents obtained by The Globe.”
Even so, Ryan denied the fact in an in-
terview with a Cincinnati TV station on
Thursday,saying, “I never asked for
stimulus.” Ryan later recanted. In a statement,he
said of the letters: “They were treated as
constituent service requests in the same
way matters involving Social Security or
Veterans Affairs are handled.” It contin-
ued: “This is why I didn’t recall the let-
ters earlier. But they should have been
handled differently, and I take responsi-
bility for that.”
Oops!Paint a scarlet “H” on that
man’s chest for hypocrisy.
Romney,for his part,has consistently
resisted specifying what he would cut to
get to the balanced budget that he prom-
ises, and he continues to resist calls to re-
lease more tax returns. “Mitt Romney said on Thursday that
he had not paid less than 13 percent of his
income in taxes during the past decade,”
The Times reported. But are we sup-
posed to take his word for the rate being
even that high? Absolutely not!
Show, don’t tell, sir.
America, this is the Republican ticket.
Although most smart political observers
currently have Romney losing the Elec-
toral College, Romney, following this re-
pulsive road map,is virtually tied with
Obama in national polls of likely voters.
That is,in part,because of apathy. As
USA Today reported, the 90 million peo-
ple who are unlikely to vote in November
prefer Obama over Romney by 2 to 1, and
“they could turn a too-close-to-call race
into a landslide for President Obama —
but by definition they probably won’t.”
If this underhanded dirty dealing by
the Republican ticket doesn’t jolt some of
these unlikely voters into likely ones, I
don’t know what will.
Ø
CHARLES M. BLOW Dark Road to the White House
Mitt Romney,
Paul Ryan and a repulsive strategy.
55
If you were registered to vote and the general election for the United States President were held today, and the candidates were Democrat Barack Obama, Republican Mitt Romney, or a third party candidate, for whom would you vote or towards whom would you lean at this time?
If you were registered to vote and the general election for the United States President were held today, and the candidates were Democrat Barack Obama, Republican Mitt Romney, or a third party candidate, for whom would you vote or towards whom would you lean at this time?
Favorable opinions
Unlikely Voters:
90 Million Strong
Source: Suffolk University/
USA Today poll
14
43
%
Registered but unlikely
Unregistered and unlikely
OBAMA
ROMNEY
20
43
%
OBAMA
ROMNEY
25
%
OBAMA
ROMNEY
By Najwa al-Beshti
T
RIPOLI
, Libya
A
FTER four decades of tyrannical
rule by Col. Muammar el-
Qaddafi, financed largely by
our country’s oil wealth, Lib-
yans have taken steps this
summer toward a true democracy. Last
month, we got to vote in legislative elec-
tions, and this month we experienced the
first peaceful transfer of power, from the
Transitional National Council to a new
national assembly, in our country’s mod-
ern history. While we are grateful to the
Western countries that helped us
topple Colonel Qaddafi last year,
something perverse is happen-
ing in those countries now. Oil in-
dustry lobbyists are using their
influence in Washington and
Brussels to try to undermine
transparency measures that
could help prevent future tyrants
from emerging. That must not be
allowed to happen. When Colonel Qaddafi was in
power, I worked for Libya’s
state-owned National Oil Corpo-
ration, in a position that allowed
me to observe corruption first-
hand. I helped produce audits
that detailed the mismanage-
ment of millions of dollars of oil
revenues, including the system-
atic underpricing of oil and the
discounting of prices for select
foreign companies. I initiated in-
vestigations into why millions of
barrels of crude oil went missing
from an oil field in 2008; presum-
ably, the proceeds had gone into
the pockets of the elite. The regime never explained
why it requested the audits,
which were never released to the
public. Feeling that I had to do
something, I naïvely wrote 50 letters de-
nouncing corruption, including three to
Colonel Qaddafi’s powerful son Seif al-
Islam. The result? I was demoted and
suspended without pay. Intelligence
agents interrogated me. I received death
threats: after an unmarked car slammed
into my car, intelligence agents visited
me and told me,“Next time could be fa-
tal.”
Today, our allegations of corruption
are being examined,but the investiga-
tions continue to face obstacles. Earlier
this year, based on my reports and those
of others, Interpol, at the request of the
Libyan government,sought the arrest of
the former oil minister, Shukri Ghanem.
But on April 29, before he could be de-
tained for questioning, he was found
drowned in the Danube River, near his
home in Vienna. The Austrian authorities
have said they found no indications of
foul play, but an inquiry is continuing. If we are to transform Libya, we must
not only investigate the past but also re-
form the whole relationship between the
energy industry and our government. We
need to ensure that bidding is fair and
open, that deals are transparent and
aboveboard and that revenues are used
properly. Public disclosure and legisla-
tive oversight of contracts and payments
are crucial. We cannot meet these goals without
help from abroad. Colonel Qaddafi’s rule
depended on the collusion of powerful
foreign allies who would turn a blind eye
to blatant corruption deals involving in-
ternational oil companies and his regime.
America can help prevent such corrup-
tion from happening again.
The Dodd-Frank overhaul of Wall
Street regulations, which President Oba-
ma signed into law in July 2010, included
a provision, Section 1504, that requires
American and foreign companies that
are registered with the Securities and
Exchange Commission to disclose —
country by country and project by
project — how much they pay govern-
ments around the world for access to
their oil, natural gas and minerals. (Fed-
eral law already prohibits companies
from bribing foreign officials to get or re-
tain business.)
In December 2010, the S.E.C. issued
proposed regulations to put Section 1504
into effect. The commission has yet to fi-
nalize the rules but is scheduled to take
up the matter on Wednesday, at a hear-
ing in Washington. Some of the world’s
largest oil and gas companies — along
with industry groups like the American
Petroleum Institute —are trying
to water down the regulations or
delay them from taking effect.
Some are proposing to exempt
resource-extracting companies
from having to comply if a for-
eign government objects, an idea
I think of as a “tyrant’s veto.”
The industry also claims that
complying with the tough dis-
closure requirements will be
costly and may place companies
at a competitive disadvantage —
but these arguments have been
thoroughly discredited, making
it hard not to conclude that many
would simply prefer to carry on
operating in secret.
A similar fight is playing out in
Europe. The German govern-
ment is resisting requirements
for project-level reporting, and
the European Council, which
comprises leaders of the Euro-
pean Union’s member states, has
called for a weaker form of dis-
closure. However, some mem-
bers of the European Parliament
continue to champion strong dis-
closure requirements. Having helped Libya to over-
throw a tyrant, the United States
and the European Union can
now help win the peace — by committing
themselves to strong transparency
standards for energy companies. In Lib-
ya, we don’t want our oil resources to bol-
ster new tyrants, and the world shouldn’t
either. When tyrants control energy sup-
plies and gun down their own citizens,
they invite only rebellion, military in-
tervention and oil-supply shocks. We
want a stable, prosperous country under
the rule of law, in which citizens benefit
from their natural resources and hold
their leaders to account. I urge the S.E.C., as well as European
regulators, to resist the lobbying from
the oil, gas and mineral industries and to
issue strong rules consistent with the
spirit of Section 1504. By making the oil
companies answerable to the public — in
America, Europe and everywhere they
do business — we can turn oil into a force
for transparent and open commerce rath-
er than corruption and repression. Ø
A Libyan’s Plea to the S.E.C.
Make oil companies
disclose what they pay
foreign governments.
Najwa al-Beshti is a former head of con-
tracts at the state-owned National Oil
Corporation of Libya. DOUG CHAYKA
A20
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
B1
N
SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
S.& P. 500 1,418.16
U
2.65
Dow industrials 13,275.20
U
25.09
Nasdaq composite 3,076.59
U
14.20
10-yr. Treasury yield 1.81%
D
0.03
The euro $1.2333
D
0.0021
Personal Business
Forced Insurance
It’s up to the homeowner
to be vigilant on force-
placed insurance. 5
Shell official says Arctic drilling
will begin this year. 2
Former chief of Peregrine pleads
not guilty to fraud. 3
John Malone’s Lib-
erty Media appears
close to acquiring Sir-
ius XM Radio. 2
By JESSICA SILVER-GREENBERG
Federal and state prosecutors
are investigating Deutsche Bank
and several other global banks
over accusations that they fun-
neled billions of dollars through
their American branches for
Iran, Sudan and other sanc-
tioned nations, according to law
enforcement officials with
knowledge of the cases.
But the recent clash between
New York’s top banking regula-
tor and federal authorities over
how to handle a similar case
against the British bank Stand-
ard Chartered could complicate
the investigations. The United States prosecutors
worry that the $340 million set-
tlement between the New York
regulator, Benjamin M. Lawsky,
and Standard Chartered sends a
message to international banks
and regulators that American
authorities are uncoordinated
and torn by divisions — since
Mr. Lawsky acted alone in lev-
eling the charges and settling
the case. They also worry that
foreign banks and regulators
will no longer readily cooperate
in turning over valuable trans-
action data that reveal the par-
ties behind the global movement
of tainted money, according to
the federal and state prosecu-
tors who were not authorized to
publicly discuss the investiga-
tions. Now the authorities in the Jus-
tice Department and the New
York County district attorney’s
office are debating how deeply
involved Mr. Lawsky’s office
should be in the investigations.
A spokesman for Mr. Lawsky
said the department “will con-
tinue to cooperate and work with
our law enforcement partners
both federal and state.”
The Deutsche Bank investiga-
tion is the latest in a series of
cases against global financial
firms since 2009 that suggests
the practice of transferring
money on behalf of Iranian
banks and corporations flour-
ished under a loophole in United
States policy that ended in 2008. A spokesman for Deutsche
Bank declined to comment, but
noted that the German bank de-
cided in 2007 that it would “not
engage in new business with
counterparties in countries such
as Iran, Syria, Sudan and North
Korea and to exit existing busi-
ness to the extent legally pos-
sible.”
Since 2009, the Justice Depart-
ment, the Treasury Department
and the Manhattan district at-
torney’s office, working largely
in concert, have brought charges
against five foreign banks, con-
tending they moved billions of
dollars through their American
subsidiaries on behalf of Iran,
Cuba and North Korea, sponsors
of terrorism and drug cartels. The cases against the five
banks all included deferred pros-
ecution agreements and re-
quired the banks — ABN Amro,
Barclays, Credit Suisse, Lloyds
and most recently ING — to for-
Deutsche Bank’s Business With Sanctioned Nations Under Scrutiny
Source: Justice Department
THE NEW YORK TIMES
Seeing Sanctions Through
Cases against foreign banks for illegal transactions with Iran and other nations brought by the Justice Department and the Manhattan district attorney.
ING $619 million 2012
Barclays 298 2010
ABN
Amro
500 2010
Credit
Suisse
536 2009
Lloyds 350 2009
AMOUNT FORFEITED YEARBANK
Continued on Page 6
By STEVEN GREENHOUSE
Workers who had been striking
at a Caterpillar hydraulic parts
factory in Joliet, Ill., voted on Fri-
day to ratify a proposed six-year
contract that contained almost all
of the concessions the company
had demanded.
In ratifying the deal, the strik-
ers acted against recommenda-
tions made by leaders of their un-
ion local, who had objected
strongly to the pact. The agree-
ment was negotiated by union
leaders from the district level to
end a showdown that had gone
on for months without significant
progress toward a resolution.
The fight between Caterpillar
and the International Association
of Machinists was considered a
test case in American labor rela-
tions, in part because Caterpillar
was driving such a hard bargain
when its business was thriving. The strike by 780 members of
the machinists began on May 1 as
workers rejected Caterpillar’s de-
mand for a six-year wage freeze
for two-thirds of the factory’s
workers — those hired before
May 2005 — at a time when the
company was reporting record
profits.Caterpillar argued that
wages for the higher-paid work-
ers exceeded market levels. The deal the workers ratified
contained far-reaching conces-
sions, including the wage freeze,
a pension freeze for the more
senior two-thirds of the workers
and a steep increase in what the
workers pay toward their health
care insurance.It also called for a
$3,100 ratification bonus, which
union officials said Caterpillar
agreed on Thursday to increase
from $1,000.
“It’s a win for Caterpillar —
they achieved their bargaining
objectives,” said Michael LeRoy,
Caterpillar Workers Ratify Deal
They Dislike
Continued on Page 3
HALL OF FAMER SETTLES INSIDER TRADING CASE
Eddie Murray, a Hall of Fame baseball player, agreed to
pay $385,000 to settle S.E.C. charges of insider stock trad-
ing on tips from a onetime teammate. Page 3.
ROBERTO BOREA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
It isn’t often that automobile in-
surance becomes the subject of
nationwide outrage. So when it
does happen, it’s worth a peek in-
side all our policies to figure out
how they actually work
and what the insurance
companies are up to be-
hind the scenes.
This week, a man
named Matt Fisher took
to his Tumblr site to call
out Progressive, which insured his
sister,Katie, two years ago when
she died in a car accident. The
company recently sent its lawyer
to court — not to assist her estate
but to argue that the driver of the
other car, who had a suspended li-
cense and little insurance, was the
innocent party.
Or, as Mr. Fisher put it, “My Sis-
have threatened to do. We also
need to take a close look at our
own coverage and determine
whether we have a fundamental
misunderstanding of how our var-
ious auto insurance policies actu-
ally work. Before @fishermatt became a
social media phenomenon,he was
a devastated older brother. His
sister was just 24 when she died in
Baltimore with two degrees from
Johns Hopkins University to her
name and nothing but promise in
front of her. The insurance machinery began
its work relatively quickly. Ms.
Fisher had $100,000 in liability
coverage per person in this acci-
dent, and three people (and the
lawyers negotiating for them) ter Paid Progressive Insurance to
Defend Her Killer in Court.”
The outrage on social media
came swiftly, and it was brutal.
Progressive’s initial public com-
ments parsing the definition of
“defendant” only opened up the
company to further vitriol. After several requests, I finally
got Progressive to come to the
phone and explain in detail, out
loud and on the record, why it
chose to fight Ms. Fisher’s family
in court.
In the end, the saga of Ms. Fish-
er and her family isn’t just about
whether Progressive made a
needless mess of its reputation
this week. And it’s not simply
about whether everyone should
drop their Progressive policies in
protest either, as scores of people
An Insurance Case That Flooded the Net
Continued on Page 5
RON
LIEBER
YOUR
MONEY
Social Media,
Once Soaring,
Are Coming
Down to Earth
WHEN THE MAGIC DIES
For technology companies, the transition
from extraordinary to ordinary is brutal.
News Analysis, Page 4. Continued on Page 4
With battered Facebook shares closing
Friday at just over half their offering
price in May, no one’s talking anymore
about a social media “bubble.”
Just a year ago, social media seemed
the next big thing. With diz-
zying user growth at Twitter,
Zynga and especially Face-
book, investors were euphor-
ic about Internet sites that
connected people with
shared interests and experi-
ences,seemingly the perfect media for
targeted advertising.
The professional networking and job
search site LinkedIn was first to test the
public’s appetite when it went public in
May 2011.Its shares more than doubled
to close at $94.25 after trading as high as
$122.70 that first day. Early investors were understandably
giddy, but others, like the former Treas-
ury secretary Lawrence H. Summers,
sounded a cautionary note. “Who could
have imagined that the concern with re-
spect to any American financial asset,
just two years after the crisis, would be a
bubble?” Mr. Summers asked at the
time. Over the last year, Internet compa-
nies like Groupon, Zynga and Yelp made
their public debuts. Facebook followed in
May at $38 a share, instantly giving the
newly minted public company a valua-
tion of nearly $105 billion.Since then, eu-
phoria has given way to mounting anxi-
ety.
Facebook hasn’t closed above $38
since. The initial offering was widely
deemed a debacle both for trading glitch-
es and for the need for underwriters to
prop up the stock. The shares’ subsequent decline accel-
erated after the company’s first earnings
report as a public company late last
month dashed investors’ hopes for torrid
growth. This week was the end of the lockup JAMES B.
STEWART COMMON
SENSE By NATHANIEL POPPER
Stocks approached their high-
est levels of the year on Friday in
the wake of some mildly encour-
aging economic data, closing out
their sixth-straight positive
week. Technology companies have
led the markets’ rise. Apple’s
stock hit an all-time high above
$648 on Friday, bringing its mar-
ket capitalization to $607 billion,
with the tech-heavy Nasdaq in-
dex having the best performance
of the day —and for the year, up
just over 18 percent since Janu-
ary. The surge, however,has not
helped Facebook, whose shares
fell to $19.05,the lowest level
since the company went public in
May. The appetite for riskier assets
has come alongside an even
sharper turn away in recent
weeks from the most popular ha-
ven, United States Treasury
bonds. The interest rate on the
10-year government bond has ris-
en to 1.81 percent, from 1.4 per-
cent,since late July, pulling up
mortgage rates for consumers af-
ter months of declines. The stock market rally in the
United States and Europe has
been built out of a series of small
moves upward that have come
since the head of the European
Central Bank, Mario Draghi,said
in July that he would do “what-
ever it takes” to support the euro,
dispelling concerns that the Con-
tinent’s single currency would
fall apart. There have also been some
promising economic reports, in-
cluding one on Friday showing
that the confidence of American
consumers unexpectedly rose in
August after two down months.
But there are few signs that the
United States or European econ-
omies have strengthened signif-
Continued on Page 6
In the Calm
Of Summer,
Stocks Climb
Gingerly
Continued on Page 4
By STEPHANIE CLIFFORD and CLAIRE CAIN MILLER
As their e-mail in-boxes filled with dai-
ly deal offers from Web sites like Grou-
pon, Lea Pische and Edwin Hermawan, a
pizzeria waitress and a former lawyer
living on the Lower East Side, finally de-
cided to buy one: a discounted Skillshare
class on how to start a business. Their business plan? It was a service
that would unsubscribe people from all
those daily deal e-mails. Three months after its introduction,
UnsubscribeDeals.com has 7,800 unsub-
scribers, a number that nearly doubled
in the last month. Ms. Pische and Mr.
Hermawan tapped into deal fatigue, a
malady that has been afflicting the small
businesses that offer daily deals and is
now hitting consumers too. Daily deal services — like Groupon,
LivingSocial and Google Offers — took
off because they seemed to offer some-
thing for everyone: small businesses got
a novel way to bring new customers in
the door, shoppers got a discount and the
deal providers got a large cut of every
sale. But signs of deal fatigue are every-
where, raising questions about whether
Groupon and its competitors can contin-
ue their hyper-growth. In the last six months of 2011, 798 daily
deal sites shut down, according to Daily
Deal Media, which researches the in-
dustry. When Groupon reported its second-
quarter results this week, it said that ac-
tive customers — defined as people who
purchased a Groupon deal in the last
year — grew just 1.1 percentage points, a
significant slowdown from customer
growth rates in previous quarters.While
traffic to Groupon was higher at
the beginning of 2012 than last
year, it was down almost 10 per-
Ready
To Ditch
The Deal
Some Merchants,
And Their Customers,
Sour on Coupon Sites
JAMES BEST J
r
./THE NEW YORK TIMES
B2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Following are the most popular business news articles on
NYTimes.com from Aug. 10 through 16: 1. Helen Gurley Brown, Who Gave Cosmopolitan Its Purr, Is Dead
at 90
2. HCA, Giant Hospital Chain, Creates a Windfall for Private Equity
3. Common Sense: In the Superrich, Clues to Romney’s Tax Returns 4. John Bogle, Vanguard’s Founder, Is Too Worried to Rest 5. A Kalashnikov Factory in Russia Survives on Sales to U.S. Gun
Owners
6. Air Travel’s Hassles Drive Riders to Amtrak’s Acela
7. Problems Riddle Moves to Collect Credit Card Debt
8. Supermarkets Try Customizing Prices for Shoppers 9. Standard Chartered Settles Iran Inquiry for $340 Million
10.Motorola Set for Big Cuts as Google Reinvents It
And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. CNN and Time Suspend Journalist After Admission of Plagiarism
(Media Decoder) 2. You Probably Have Too Much Stuff (Bucks)
3. Google Plans to Buy Frommer’s Travel Guides (Media Decoder)
4. How to Make Your Lost Phone Findable (Pogue’s Posts)
5. Virus Seeking Bank Data Is Tied to Attack on Iran (Bits) ONLINE:MOST POPULAR MEDIA
WPIX Blacked Out in Some Homes in Fee Dispute
WPIX, the New York City affiliate of the CW network, is being blacked
out in homes serviced by Cablevision, a major New York metropolitan
area cable company. The blackout took effect overnight because Cable-
vision and the owner of WPIX, the Tribune Company, are arguing over
the price to be paid for retransmission of the station. Tribune said that
Cablevision “unilaterally removed” WPIX and three other stations,
WPHL, WCCT and KWGN, from its cable systems while the previous
retransmission contract between the two companies was still in effect.
Until now, Cablevision has not paid any retransmission fees specifically
for the four stations, according to Tribune. “What we have proposed
amounts to less than a penny a day per subscriber,” Tribune said. Cable-
vision, however, said the fees would add up to tens of millions of dollars
over the course of years. BRIAN STELTER
REAL ESTATE
U.S. Hastens Shrinkage of Mortgage Firms’ Portfolios
The government is changing the terms of its bailout agreement with
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to shrink the holdings of the two mort-
gage giants more quickly,and will require payment to the government
of all quarterly profits the companies earn. The Treasury Department
announced the changes Friday to deal with concerns that the compa-
nies could at some point exhaust the federal support they were guaran-
teed when they were taken over by the government in September 2008.
They would also be required to accelerate the reduction of their mort-
gage holdings to hit a cap of $250 billion by 2018, four years earlier than
planned. (AP)
Essex House Hotel Is Acquired by a Chicago Concern
Strategic Hotels and Resorts said on Friday that it had reached a deal to
buy the Essex House Hotel from the Dubai Investment Group for about
$362.3 million. Strategic Resorts, which is based in Chicago, said the
deal includes 509 hotel rooms, nine condominium units and “significant
hotel-level cash reserves.” It is expected to close on or before Sept. 7. In
connection with the deal, Strategic Hotels said it signed a 50-year man-
agement agreement with Marriott International to re-brand the hotel as
the JW Marriott Essex House New York. (AP)
FOOD
Smucker Gains 5 Percent After a Strong Quarter
The J.M. Smucker Company posted better-than-expected quarterly re-
sults and forecast strong growth for the rest of the year. Smucker said it
earned $110.9 million, or $1 a share, which compared with $111.5 million,
or 98 cents a share, a year earlier. Revenue in the period, which ended
July 31 and was the first quarter of the company’s fiscal year, rose 15
percent to $1.37 billion,from $1.19 billion. Smucker, which sells Folgers
brand coffee, said it expected green coffee costs to fall,easing some of
the pressure on its coffee business, which accounts for a sizable part of
its total sales. Stock in Smucker, which is based in Orrville, Ohio, rose
$3.99, or 5 percent, to $82.96 a share. (REUTERS)
BUSINESS BRIEFING By FLOYD NORRIS
T
HE economic recovery
from the 2007-9 recession
has been a slow one in
the United States,
prompting much grumbling. But at least the recovery is
continuing. Figures released this
week showed that many Euro-
pean countries have entered new
recessions, and that the slow-
down is spreading from the pe-
ripheral countries of the euro
zone to others. Belgium and the
Netherlands are among the na-
tions that reported their econo-
mies were smaller in this year’s
second quarter than they were a
year earlier. In Finland, which
like the Netherlands had been
among the loudest in calling for
austerity in the peripheral coun-
tries, the economy shrank in the
quarter.
The French economy is stag-
nating, with no growth for nine
months, and the German recov-
ery is losing vigor. It was up a
paltry 1 percent over the most re-
cent four quarters.
In that company, the disap-
pointing 2.2 percent growth in the
United States over the same peri-
od seems almost vigorous.
The accompanying charts
show the change in gross domes-
tic product since the world econ-
omy bottomed in the second
quarter of 2009. Germany leads
the way among the countries
shown, with a gain of 8.9 percent.
The euro zone as a whole is up
just 3.5 percent over those three
years, and its G.D.P.has declined
over the last year.
But even those modest figures
may overstate the strength of the
economies, at least as seen by
those who live in them. As the
name suggests, G.D.P.figures re-
flect a country’s production, in-
cluding exports. Another statis-
tic, called domestic demand in
Europe and gross domestic pur-
chases in the United States, re-
flects what is bought in a country.
Throughout Europe, that figure
has risen less than the G.D.P.fig-
ures.
In the United States, on the
other hand, domestic purchases
in the second quarter were 7.4
percent larger than they were
three years earlier, while G.D.P.
was up 6.7 percent. Most European countries have
yet to estimate domestic demand
for the second quarter. In the
euro zone as a whole, the first-
quarter figure was only 0.9 per-
cent higher than it had been at
the bottom. All of that gain re-
flected German buying; domestic
demand in the rest of the zone is
now lower than it was at the 2009
low.
The charts show figures for the
four largest economies in the
euro zone — Germany, France,
Italy and Spain — as well as for
the euro zone itself. They also
show the three largest non-euro
developed economies — the Unit-
ed States, Britain and Japan.
Those relative performances
are also shown by stock prices in
the various countries. The MSCI
indexes, developed by Morgan
Stanley Capital International and
reflecting performance in dollars,
show that the United States mar-
ket was up by nearly two-thirds
in mid-August from its level at
the end of June 2009, assuming
reinvestment of dividends. De-
spite recent weakness in the Brit-
ish economy, its stock market has
risen nearly 50 percent. By contrast, the German mar-
ket was up about a quarter and
French stocks gained about 13
percent. The Japanese market
rose less than 5 percent. Invest-
ors in Italian and Spanish stocks
lost money over the period. OFF THE CHARTS
Recovery in U.S.,
Though Lackluster,
Trumps Europe’s
GERMANY FRANCE ITALY SPAIN
Change in stock index
MSCI total return index
June ’09 through
August 15, 2012
Change in
real G.D.P. and
real domestic
demand
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
2q
’09
2q
’12
+ 9%
EURO ZONE UNITED STATES BRITAIN JAPAN
Change in stock index
MSCI total return index
June ’09 through
August 15, 2012
Change in
real G.D.P. and
real domestic
demand
+ 9%
+ 6
+ 6
+ 3
+ 3
0
0
– 3
– 3
– 6
– 6
Since June 2009, when major developed economies hit bottom after the credit crisis, Germany has seen the largest increase in gross domestic product. Even those euro countries that are now in recession have generally not fallen back to 2009 levels. But using another measure known as domestic demand, which reflects the level of final sales within a country, Italy and Spain have now fallen below where they were in 2009. Stock prices, another measure of the extent of economic recovery, have risen the most in the United States.
Note: G.D.P. and domestic demand figures for the second quarter 2012 are preliminary. Estimates of domestic demand for the quarter are not available for some countries. Stock figures are in dollars.
G.D.P.
G.D.P.
Domestic
demand
Domestic demand
Sources: Eurostat; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, British National Statistics Office and Cabinet Office of Japan, all via Haver Analytics; MSCI, via Bloomberg.
THE NEW YORK TIMES
Measuring Recoveries
+27%
+13%
–21%
–23%
+ 8%
+63%
+47%
+ 4%
Floyd Norris comments on fi-
nance and the economy at
nytimes.com/economix.
By CLIFFORD KRAUSS
HOUSTON — Despite embar-
rassing delays and trouble with
its equipment, Shell remains con-
fident that it will get final approv-
al from regulators and be able to
begin drilling for oil in Arctic wa-
ters off the Alaskan coast this
summer, the oil company’s top
Alaska executive said on Friday.
“We absolutely expect to drill
this year,” Peter E.Slaiby,Shell’s
vice president in charge of Alas-
kan operations, said in a tele-
phone interview. “Our confidence
continues to grow,and we are
feeling good.”
Mr. Slaiby said the company
was so convinced that it would be
able to move forward that it was
preparing to send two drill ships
next week to Arctic waters from
Dutch Harbor in southern Alas-
ka. He acknowledged, though,that
Shell had scaled back its original
plans. He said the company
would have time to drill only one
or two exploratory oil wells be-
fore the Arctic seas began freez-
ing and the short summer drilling
season ended — a retreat from its
goal of drilling as many as five
wells this year. Still, any drilling would be a big
advance for the company, which
has spent more than $4 billion
over six years in its effort to be-
come the first oil company in dec-
ades to drill in the Chukchi and
Beaufort Seas. Shell’s ambitions
have been repeatedly stymied by
regulatory roadblocks and by
lawsuits from environmentalists
and Native groups.
Energy experts say the two
seas could yield up to a million
barrels of oil a day, equivalent to
about 10 percent of current do-
mestic production.Over the last
year, Shell has won a series of
federal regulatory approvals to
begin drilling this summer, and it
needs only a few more approvals
before it can do so. But Shell experienced a series
of setbacks this summer that led
some people, including company
officials, to wonder if yet another
year might pass without explora-
tion. First, heavy ice floes delayed
drilling plans. Then, last month, a
drill ship dragged anchor and
went adrift, nearly colliding with
the Alaskan shore. No damage
occurred, but the accident raised
questions about Shell’s readiness
to manage the challenging Arctic
conditions, which include months
of darkness, extreme winds and
massive ice floes.
Shell has also asked the Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency for
revisions to its air emissions per-
mits. The biggest holdup has come
from delays in revamping an oil
containment barge called the
Arctic Challenger, which is
equipped with a dome that could
be fitted over a leak to stop spill-
age in the event of an accident.
The barge, which is a vital part of
the spill response plan approved
by the federal government, re-
mains in the port of Bellingham,
Wash., as workers make last-
minute fixes.
The company had hoped to fin-
ish work on the barge by Aug. 15,
but the refitting has been compli-
cated by three small oil spills
caused by leaky hydraulic sys-
tems.
The barge must pass a Coast
Guard inspection and tests by
federal safety regulators before it
can set sail for the Arctic. During a visit to Alaska on
Monday, Interior Secretary Ken
Salazar blamed Shell’s slow work
on the barge for the delays.
“They have not been able to get it
done,” he said. “If they had got it
done, they may already be up
there today.”
Mr. Slaiby said that Shell had
sent 40 technicians to help con-
tractors get the barge ready, and
that the company was working
closely with the Interior Depart-
ment and the Coast Guard to ad-
dress their concerns. He said Interior officials had
been “very, very accommodating
in meeting the schedule that we
have worked for,” and added,
“They are really bending over
backward to work with us and
working through these inspec-
tions.” The window for drilling, which
is controlled by ice floes and
agreements to protect wildlife,
closes the third week of Septem-
ber in the Chukchi Sea and at the
end of October in the Beaufort
Sea. An exploratory well can take
three weeks to drill.
Environmentalists are still
considering ways to stop the
drilling after years of mixed re-
sults in the courts. “If the Coast Guard certifies a
vessel that clearly does not meet
maritime standards, then that
would be unlawful and could be
challenged,” said Brendan Cum-
mings, senior counsel at the Cen-
ter for Biological Diversity. Mr.
Cummings also said environmen-
talists could challenge the E.P.A.
if it granted an exception to
Shell’s air permit. Arctic Drilling Will Begin This Year, Shell Official Says
JIM WILSON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Peter E. Slaiby, Shell’s vice president in Alaska, said the oil company had scaled back its plans.
By AMY CHOZICK
John C. Malone’s Liberty Me-
dia appeared to be close to vic-
tory on Friday in its continuing,
and often sharp-elbowed, battle
to take over Sirius XM Radio.
Liberty said it planned to in-
crease its stake in Sirius to more
than 50 percent,from its current
48 percent, which would give Mr.
Malone’s company definitive con-
trol of the satellite radio service.
In a request filed Friday with the
Federal Communications Com-
mission, Liberty asked the gov-
ernment to approve its takeover.
Liberty says it will “have pur-
chased sufficient shares of Siri-
us’s common stock and will con-
vert its preferred shares” so that
it can take over Sirius “within 60
days of commission consent.”
In a filing with the Securities
and Exchange Commission, Siri-
us said it would “cooperate fully”
with the F.C.C.in its review of
Liberty’s takeover application.
That represents a sharp turn-
around for Sirius, which just a
couple of months ago was much
less cooperative.The company
had urged the F.C.C. to reject a
May 31 application by Liberty to
approve a takeover. In that filing,
Sirius said Liberty’s proposal of-
fered “nothing more than a re-
fined menu of options for how
Liberty Media might assume con-
trol of Sirius,” and did not outline
specific details.
Last week, Liberty said it
planned to spin off its pay-televi-
sion channel Starz into a separate
company, a move that is expected
to free up the cash Liberty needs
to complete its purchase of Sirius
shares.
Liberty first invested in Sirius
in 2009 when it gave the finan-
cially troubled company a much-
needed multimillion-dollar loan
in exchange for a 40 percent
stake. The rescue package
proved a boon to Liberty (the
loans were repaid and the stake
is now valued at roughly $5 bil-
lion),but a slippery slope for Siri-
us since it eventually led to Liber-
ty’s attempt to own the company
outright.
The corporate saga has pitted
two of the media industry’s big-
gest personalities against each
other —Mr. Malone, who has or-
chestrated some of the most sto-
ried corporate takeovers from his
Colorado ranch,and Mel Karma-
zin, the chief executive of Sirius
and formerly an executive with
CBS and Viacom.
“I would prefer not to lose Mel,
but he’s gone public and said he
won’t work for me,so what am I
supposed to do?” Mr. Malone told
reporters last month at a media
conference in Sun Valley, Idaho.
Mr. Malone also said Gregory
B. Maffei, Liberty Media’s chief
executive, who is largely credited
as the architect of the Sirius take-
over, would not run Sirius.
“Greg’s not an operating man-
ager,” Mr. Malone said.
Liberty Media on the Cusp of Controlling Sirius XM Seeking the F.C.C.’s
blessing in a lengthy
takeover battle.
N
B3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
By MARK SCOTT
LONDON — In a report re-
leased early Saturday in London,
British politicians said the former
Barclays chief Robert E. Dia-
mond Jr.had not provided law-
makers a full account of the ac-
tions inside the bank during re-
cent hearings into the rate-rig-
ging scandal.
The report also challenges
some of Mr. Diamond’s asser-
tions about the bank’s relation-
ship with regulators. It also ques-
tioned the top leadership at the
bank and the candor of Mr. Dia-
mond’s testimony.
“Mr. Diamond’s evidence, at
times highly selective, fell well
short of the standard that Parlia-
ment expects,” Andrew Tyrie,the
British politician who led the re-
cent hearings, said in a separate
statement.
Documents released by local
authorities show that officials
had questioned the culture at the
top of the British bank as far back
as 2010, though Mr. Diamond had
said regulators were happy with
the firm’s leadership.
The doubts about Mr. Dia-
mond’s testimony come after
several of Barclays’ senior exec-
utives, including its chairman, re-
signed last month. The firm
agreed to a $450 million settle-
ment with American and British
authorities over the manipulation
of the London interbank offered
rate, or Libor, one of the world’s
most important benchmark
rates.
British lawmakers had called
several of the firm’s executives
and the country’s leading regula-
tory authorities to testify before
Parliament’s Treasury Select
Committee, which had been in-
vestigating the Libor scandal at
Barclays.
The lawmakers’ latest report
criticized Mr. Diamond’s recol-
lection of concerns that regula-
tors had raised when he was ap-
pointed chief executive, as well
as issues with the culture at the
British bank.
Also in his testimony, Mr. Dia-
mond had said British authorities
were pleased with his relation-
ship with the Financial Services
Authority,the country’s regula-
tor. The regulators, however, tes-
tified that they had challenged
the firm’s attitude toward risk
and had called on Mr. Diamond to
distance himself from colleagues
in Barclays’ investment banking
unit. In the latest report, it ap-
pears that lawmakers mostly sid-
ed with the authorities.
“It seems to us inconceivable
that Mr. Diamond could have be-
lieved that the F.S.A. was satis-
fied with the tone at the top of
Barclays,” the report said.
Mr. Diamond issued a sharply
worded rebuke of the report.
“I am disappointed by, and
strongly disagree with, several
statements by the Treasury Se-
lect Committee,” Mr. Diamond
said in a statement on Saturday.
“There is little dispute that Bar-
clays was both aggressive in its
investigation of this matter and
engaged in its cooperation with
the appropriate authorities.”
The latest report also ques-
tioned the importance of a con-
versation that Mr. Diamond held
with Paul Tucker,the deputy gov-
ernor of the Bank of England, in
2008.
The discussion focused on the
firm’s Libor submissions, and led
to Jerry del Missier,a senior Bar-
clays official, to ask some of the
firm’s employees to alter their
Libor rates. Mr. del Missier said
he believed that he was acting on
instructions from British govern-
ment officials, though Mr.Tucker
dismisses that contention.
Lawmakers said that Barclays’
employees had been manipulat-
ing rate submissions since 2007,
and that Mr. del Missier’s ability
to alter submissions showed a
lack of regulatory compliance.
“It remains possible that the
entire Tucker-Diamond dialogue
may have been a smokescreen
put up to distract our attention,”
the report said. Poor judgment by
the firm’s board led to a lack of
controls, which could have
stopped the rate manipulation
from taking place, according to
the report.
A Barclays spokesman said
that the bank did not agree with
all the report’s findings but was
conducting an independent re-
view of its business practices.
The report also highlighted
failures by the Financial Services
Authority to address the manipu-
lation of Libor.
Concerns that firms were al-
tering their Libor submissions
were first brought to the atten-
tion of authorities in late 2007, ac-
cording to regulatory filings. But
British officials joined their
American counterparts in inves-
tigating the abuses only in early
2010.
Adair Turner,chairman of the
authority, told British lawmakers
last month that regulators had
not perceived Libor to be a major
area of risk during the recent fi-
nancial crisis.
“The manipulation was spotted
neither by the F.S.A. nor the
Bank of England at the time,” Mr.
Tyrie said. “That doesn’t look
good.”
The British government is re-
viewing how Libor will be set in
the future. The inquiry may lead
to greater regulatory oversight of
the rate, while lawmakers are
considering new laws that would
make the manipulation of bench-
mark rates a criminal offense.
American and international au-
thorities also continue to exam-
ine the actions of other global fi-
nancial institutions, including
Citigroup and HSBC. New York
and Connecticut state regulators
announced on Wednesday that
they were widening their own
rate-rigging investigations.
In Report, British Officials Raise Questions on Testimony of Barclays’ Chief
AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE, VIA GETTY IMAGES
Robert Diamond, former chief executive of Barclays, testified
before the British Treasury Select Committee in London in July.
Doubts on his candor
in a rate-rigging
investigation.
By PETER LATTMAN
On the standout Baltimore Ori-
oles baseball teams of the late
1970s, Eddie Murray,the Hall of
Fame first baseman, shared the
infield with the all-star third
baseman Doug DeCinces.
Federal regulators say that
decades later, the two close
friends shared something else: il-
legal stock tips. Mr. Murray was charged on
Friday by the Securities and Ex-
change Commission with insider
trading ahead of a merger an-
nouncement after receiving ad-
vanced word of the deal from Mr.
DeCinces. The S.E.C. said that Mr.
DeCinces had received the tip
from James V. Mazzo,the former
chairman and chief executive of
Advanced Medical Optics, an eye
care company that Abbott Lab-
oratories acquired for nearly $3
billion in 2009. Mr. Murray, who was among
the 10 highest paid players in the
National League in 1991, when he
signed a two-year deal with the
New York Mets for $7.5 million,
made about $235,000 in illegal
gains by buying shares of Ad-
vanced Medical Optics ahead of
the deal and then selling his stake
after it was announced, the S.E.C.
said. Mr. Murray agreed to settle
the case by paying $358,000 in
disgorged profits and penalties
without admitting or denying the
charges. “It is truly disappointing when
role models, particularly those
who have achieved so much in
their professional careers, give in
to the temptation of easy money,”
said Daniel M. Hawke,a senior
S.E.C. enforcement lawyer. Michael J. Proctor,a lawyer for
Mr. Murray, said that his client
“is an honorable and ethical man
who is settling this to put the
matter to rest and move on with
life.”
The charges against Mr. Mur-
ray come a day after federal reg-
ulators charged another sports
figure, the former University of
Georgia football coach Jim Don-
nan,with running a Ponzi
scheme that defrauded fellow
coaches and his former players.
The latest cases add to the
spate of lawsuits brought by the
commission against athletes.
Last December, the former Chi-
cago Bears receiver Willie Gault
was accused of artificially inflat-
ing the stock of a company he
helped run. He has denied the
claim. The charges on Friday also add
to the increasing number of insid-
er trading cases brought over the
last several years. Both the Jus-
tice Department and the commis-
sion have made rooting out illegal
trading a priority. They have
brought more than 100 cases
against individuals since the fi-
nancial crisis. Mr. Mazzo,55,ranks among
the most prominent corporate
managers charged with insider
trading. Unlike Mr. Murray, Mr.
Mazzo is fighting the charges.
His stock tip allowed Mr. Murray,
Mr. DeCinces and others to earn
about $2.4 million in profits, the
S.E.C. said. “He flatly and unequivocally
denies the S.E.C.’s allegations,”
said Richard Marmaro,a lawyer
for Mr. Mazzo. “Mr. Mazzo has a
spotless reputation for profes-
sionalism, integrity and service
to his community, built up over a
career of 30 years. The notion
that he would put all that at risk
to give a single friend inside in-
formation is absurd.”
Earlier this year, Mr. Mazzo
announced that he would retire
at the end of 2012 from Abbott,
where he serves as a senior exec-
utive in the company’s eye care
unit. An Abbott spokesman said
the charges were a personal mat-
ter for Mr. Mazzo and that he
would remain an employee of the
company until year-end. The S.E.C.’s complaint details
repeated contact between Mr.
Mazzo and Mr. DeCinces around
the time of merger discussions
between Advanced Medical Op-
tics and Abbott. In one instance,
just days before the merger an-
nouncement, the two played golf
at the same country club in Or-
ange County, Calif., and there are
records of two calls from Mr.
DeCinces’s mobile phone to Mr.
Murray’s. The accusations against Mr.
Murray and Mr. Mazzo represent
the second round of charges re-
lated to the Advanced Medical
Optics-Abbott combination. The
commission brought its initial
charges last year against Mr.
DeCinces and three others. Mr.
DeCinces also paid a fine
Mr. Murray, 56,is one of only
four Major League Baseball play-
ers to finish his career with at
least 500 homers and 3,000 hits.
Last Saturday, the Orioles un-
veiled a bronze sculpture of Mr.
Murray at Camden Yards.
Baseball Hall of Famer Settles Insider Trading Case
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Eddie Murray of Baltimore and Tim Foli, left, of Pittsburgh during a World Series game in 1979.
Ex-athletes find that
regulators are
formidable foes. By CHRISTINE HAUGHNEY
The New York Times Company
is paying its new chief executive,
Mark Thompson, an annual sala-
ry of $1 million and an immediate
signing bonus valued at $3 mil-
lion.
The compensation package
was detailed in securities filings
released on Friday morning. In
addition to the signing bonus —
which will be paid in stock and
stock options — Mr. Thompson is
eligible for an annual bonus of $1
million. He is also eligible to receive a
separate $3 million bonus for 2013
for meeting long-term incentives,
to be paid out over three years.
The bonus payments are not
guaranteed unless Mr. Thompson
meets certain goals set by the
company.
Except for the signing bonus,
Mr. Thompson’s compensation is
much the same as that of his
predecessor, Janet L. Robinson,
in terms of annual salary and bo-
nus eligibility. Ms. Robinson left
the company in December.
Arthur Sulzberger Jr., The
Times’s publisher, announced
Mr. Thompson’s appointment
Tuesday afternoon, concluding
an extensive search. Mr. Thomp-
son had previously been the di-
rector general of the British
Broadcasting Corporation, but
had stated his intention to leave
the job after the London Olym-
pics, which ended on Sunday.
Mr. Thompson was involved in
expanding the BBC’s digital and
global presence, areas that have
become more crucial to the
Times Company’s strategy in the
face of significant challenges to
the print newspaper. Mr. Sulz-
berger had made clear his in-
tention to select someone with
deep digital knowledge and expe-
rience across a variety of plat-
forms. After Mr. Thompson ar-
rived from London on Tuesday
afternoon, he said in an interview
that “it’s a privilege” to run the
organization and called its news-
room "the envy of the world." Mr. Thompson is expected to
start his job in November.
Times Chief to Get $1 Million a Year
a labor relations professor at the
University of Illinois. “There’s
very little good news in this for
the union — they have managed
to maintain the bargaining rela-
tionship. I wouldn’t say it’s a dis-
aster, but it sure is a step back.” The striking workers had faced
a tough choice in the ratification
vote:accept a deal that many
found unsatisfactory or continue
a painful 15-week walkout with no
guarantee that they could get
Caterpillar to sweeten its offer.
About 105 workers had already
crossed the picket line and re-
turned to work.
The union’s leaders declined to
disclose the results of the vote,
which they said was close. Al Williams,a 19-year employ-
ee at the plant, said he voted for
ratification even though he dis-
liked the six-year wage freeze. “I’m glad we’re going back to
work,” he said. “I don’t think it’s
the best deal, but it’s doable. I
voted for it simply because they
weren’t able to tell us definitively
what we could hope to get other
than what was in this offer.”
For the workers, the deal was a
slight improvement over what
Caterpillar was offering when the
walkout began. While the deal
kept a six-year pay freeze for the
more senior workers, it provided
for a single raise during the six
years for workers hired after
May 2005 — a 3 percent raise at
the end of this year. Caterpillar’s
previous offer did not promise
any raise for that group.
During the negotiations, Cater-
pillar also stepped back from its
insistence that management be
able to assign workers new jobs
or new shifts indefinitely, outside
of seniority. Under the deal ap-
proved Friday, workers could still
be assigned to new jobs or shifts
irrespective of seniority, but for a
maximum of 90 days.
Mr. LeRoy said that the deal
“does signal continued wage
stagnation in the manufacturing
sector, not only for unionized, but
also nonunion workers.” Tim O’Brien,president of the
striking local, Machinists Lodge
Local Lodge 851, called for re-
jecting the contract, saying the
Joliet workers did not walk the
picket lines for nearly four
months and endure such sacrifice
to settle for a stingy deal.
But Steve Jones,the top official
in Machinists District 8 in Burr
Ridge, Ill., and the union leader
who negotiated the settlement
with Caterpillar, said the deal
was the best the union could get.
“If there was a better agree-
ment out there to be had, we
would have taken it,” Mr. Jones
said on Wednesday after reach-
ing the deal. The factory’s top tier, repre-
senting two-thirds of the work-
ers, earns an average of $26 an
hour, while the lower-tier work-
ers generally earn $12 to $19 an
hour. Caterpillar said it had in-
sisted on a pay freeze because it
wanted to maintain the factory’s
competitiveness and because the
top-tier workers earned substan-
tially above the market average.
The contract does not include a
cost of living adjustment for the
workers, although Caterpillar has
said it might adjust the pay of the
lower-tier workers upward based
on local labor market conditions
during the six-year contract. During the strike, the workers
often expressed anger that Cater-
pillar was insisting on a wage
freeze when the company, the
world’s leading producer of
earth-moving machinery, had a
record profit of $4.9 billion last
year, with forecasts of stronger
earnings this year. The compen-
sation of its chief executive,
Douglas R. Oberhelman,in-
creased by 60 percent in 2011, to
$16.9 million.
Caterpillar Workers End Strike, Ratifying Deal They Dislike
MATT MARTON/SOUTHTOWNSTAR, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS
Members of Machinists Lodge Local Lodge 851 in Joliet, Ill., af-
ter voting on a proposed contract with Caterpillar on Friday. From First Business Page
By PETER LATTMAN
The former chief executive of
the failed brokerage firm Pere-
grine Financial Group, who last
month wrote a note admitting
that he had committed a long-
ranging investment fraud, plead-
ed not guilty on Friday to lying to
federal regulators.
Federal prosecutors charged
Russell Wasendorf Sr.,the former
head of Peregrine, with 31 counts
of deceiving regulators about the
value of his customers’ accounts.
If convicted, he would face a
maximum prison sentence of 155
years. Last month, police in Cedar
Falls, Iowa, where Peregrine was
based, found Mr. Wasendorf un-
conscious in his car after a sui-
cide attempt. Alongside him was
a note confessing to embezzling
more than $100 million from cli-
ents and defrauding the firm’s
banks. The authorities arrested
him, and regulators discovered a
customer fund shortfall at Pere-
grine of at least $200 million.
As the government continues
to examine Peregrine’s collapse,
prosecutors are expected to seek
additional charges against Mr.
Wasendorf. Even with his earlier
admission of wrongdoing, a not-
guilty plea is not unusual at this
stage of the case. He can try to
strike a plea agreement with
prosecutors by helping with the
investigation, including tracking
down missing customer money. During the 10-minute arraign-
ment proceeding in Federal Dis-
trict Court in Cedar Rapids, Iowa,
Mr. Wasendorf stood quietly as
his lawyer, Jane Kelly, entered
the plea. He was dressed in or-
ange prison garb, his hands and
legs shackled, according to
Bloomberg News. Ms. Kelly did not return a tele-
phone call seeking comment. The charges against Mr.
Wasendorf came just months af-
ter MF Global, the now-defunct
futures brokerage firm, could not
locate more than $1 billion in cli-
ent money. Together, the two col-
lapses highlighted regulatory
holes and insufficient financial
protections in the futures indus-
try, which largely consists of
money management firms that
trade contracts in commodities,
currencies and interest rates. “These have been huge blows
to the industry and we’re looking
at a variety of solutions that will
better protect customer funds,”
said Walter Lukken,the presi-
dent of the Futures Industry As-
sociation, a trade group.
Mr. Wasendorf was a promi-
nent figure in the futures busi-
ness. He served on an advisory
committee at the National Fu-
tures Association, one of the in-
dustry’s primary regulators. His
son, Russell Wasendorf Jr.,
served as the president of Pere-
grine, which also did business as
PFGBest. The elder Mr. Wasendorf also
loomed large in Cedar Falls, a
town with 40,000 people. An Iowa
native, he moved his business
from Chicago — the epicenter of
the futures markets — to Cedar
Falls and spent about $18 million
on its new headquarters there. Peregrine came undone last
month after the National Futures
Association instituted changes to
its auditing process that allowed
the regulator to get information
about the firm’s accounts directly
from its banks. The association
started putting the new system
into effect on the morning that
Mr. Wasendorf tried to kill him-
self. In his confession note, Mr.
Wasendorf said he acted alone.
No other Peregrine executives
have been charged in the case. Former Chief of Peregrine
Pleads Not Guilty to Fraud
WATERLOO COURIER, VIA REUTERS
Russell Wasendorf Sr., Pere-
grine’s chief executive.
A court plea after a
confessional note was
found.
B4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
analysts used the dreaded word
mature to describe Facebook’s
penetration in North America,
and others noted that user
growth was slowing.
A major challenge,as well as
an opportunity,for Facebook is
the migration of users from per-
sonal computers to mobile de-
vices. Facebook said 543 million
users looked at the site on mobile
devices during the last quarter,
and its chief executive and
founder,Mark Zuckerberg,ac-
knowledged that the shift “is in-
credibly important.” But Face-
book hasn’t mastered how to con-
vert customer use into mobile ad
revenue. “Migration to mobile is a big
problem,” Mr. Sena said. If ads
become obtrusive and alienate
users, Facebook could suffer the
reverse network effect.
That hasn’t happened yet. New
companies, especially in nascent
industries like social media, are
hard to value. Some may thrive
even as others fail. They may yet
find ways to turn millions of us-
ers into huge profits, as network
television did in its heyday.
And although many social me-
dia investors have been burned
in the short term, it’s not as if
they’ve given up hope. Social media companies still
trade at lofty valuations: Even af-
ter recent declines, LinkedIn’s
price-to-earnings ratio is a strato-
spheric 852; Facebook’s is a
much lower but still lofty 69.By
comparison, the market average
for companies in the Standard &
Poor’s 500-stock index is about
16. Since they haven’t earned a
full year’s profit, Groupon and
Zynga don’t even have price-to-
earnings ratios. “The valuations are still high,”
Mr. Sena said. “There are few
positive catalysts likely near
term, and a lot of people think
you’ll be able to buy these stocks
cheaper.”
period, which barred insiders
from immediately selling their
shares,and Facebook shares hit
a new low, slumping to $19.05.
Other Internet companies have
fared even worse.
Like Facebook, the Internet
discount coupon site Groupon in-
creased its offering price and
number of shares just before its
public debut last November.Af-
ter rejecting a $6 billion takeover
bid from Google in December
2010, Groupon shares closed at
$26.11 on its first day of trading,
up from its $20 offering price, giv-
ing it a market value of $13 bil-
lion. It has been pretty much down-
hill ever since. On Friday, Grou-
pon shares fell to $4.75,a decline
of more than 75 percent from its
offering price, giving it a market
capitalization of just over $3 bil-
lion, barely half what Google of-
fered.
Zynga, a company that makes
online social games,went public
in December at $10 and dropped
5 percent its first day. Although it
traded above $14 a share as re-
cently as March, it ended the
week at $3,down 70 percent.
Shares of even the best-per-
forming social media sites have
stagnated. Yelp’s shares, which
jumped 64 percent on their first
day of trading in March to close
at $23, were below$22 this week.
And LinkedIn, considered by
many to be the gold standard for
social media concerns, never
again hit its opening peak, and
ended the week below $102.
Twitter and LivingSocial have
put the brakes on going public;
the companies have recently said
they’re in no rush. That’s hardly
surprising.
What went wrong?
Every company has its own
story, but the euphoria over so-
cial media companies as a group
was rooted in what economists
call the network effect. The more
users a site attracts, the more
others will want to use it, which
creates a natural monopoly and a
magnet for advertisers. Facebook has been a classic
example.If your friends, col-
leagues or classmates are all on
it, you’re all but compelled to join.
But evidence that the network ef-
fect is working requires rapid
growth in users and revenue, es-
pecially during the early stages
of a company’s public life. So far,
social media has failed to deliver
the kind of growth that would bol-
ster investor optimism, let alone
euphoria.
The network effect is a double-
edged sword, Ken Sena,a con-
sumer Internet analyst at Ever-
core,told me this week. “The network effect allowed
these companies to grow so fast,
but the decline can be just as fe-
rocious,” Mr. Sena said. “If any of
them misstep with users, they
can leave, and the network effect
goes into reverse.” The textbook
case is Myspace,once the most
visited social networking site,
that is now a shadow of its for-
mer self.
This week’s Groupon earnings
illustrated the problem for social
media companies. In theory,
Groupon should benefit from the
network effect. The more users it
attracts, the more merchants will
want to offer coupons through
Groupon, and vice versa. And on
the face of it, the earnings report
looked good. Groupon earned a
profit of $28.4 million for the
quarter, above analysts’ expecta-
tions, reversing a loss a year ago.
Groupon’s boyish-looking chief
executive, Andrew Mason, called
it a “solid quarter.” But growth, not profit, is what
matters at the early stage in the
life of a networked Internet com-
pany. Groupon said revenue
grew 45 percent over the same
quarter last year.But it counts
payments that it passes on to
merchants as part of its revenue.
When that part of revenue was
excluded, revenue grew just 30
percent. And compared with the
previous quarter, revenue grew
just 1.6 percent.
Growth in its core coupon busi-
ness dropped 7 percent from a
year earlier, according to Mr.
Sena. (Other revenue came from
Groupon’s Goods business, a low-
er-margin operation that com-
petes with Amazon.) Groupon
projected that revenue growth in
the next quarter would be just 2.9
percent higher.
Such slow growth was a jolt for
investors, and Wall Street’s judg-
ment was swift, with Groupon
shares down 27 percent on Tues-
day, the day after the earnings
were announced.
A positive network effect is
also supposed to exclude compet-
itors, but Groupon has long suf-
fered from the perception that it’s
vulnerable to competition. The online auction market is
dominated by eBay, for example,
but many merchants offer cou-
pons. Amazon bought a 29 per-
cent interest in a rival coupon
site,LivingSocial, and Google in-
troduced its own offerings after
being rebuffed by Groupon. There are now so many that
sites have sprung up to help con-
sumers sort them out. One of
these, localdealsites.com, listed
167 sites when I consulted it this
week, though many are much
smaller in scope than Groupon.
LivingSocial has run into its
own concerns. Although the com-
pany is still private, Amazon has
to release some financial details
because of its large ownership
stake. Last month,Amazon said
that it was writing off $28 million
in LivingSocial’s book value and
that LivingSocial lost $93 million
in the quarter that ended June 30,
even though revenue more than
doubled.
Facebook faced a similar prob-
lemrooted in high expectations.
In its first earnings report, it re-
ported revenue growth of 32 per-
cent over a year earlier and near-
ly one billion users worldwide.
But even though 32 percent
topped analysts’ estimates, it
was not the triple-digit growth
many investors were hoping for. And although the number of
monthly active users hit 955 mil-
lion, that was just 29 percent
higher than a year before. Some
Social Media, Once Soaring on Wall Street, Are Coming Down to Earth
TINA FINEBERG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Facebook shares dropped to $19.05 on Friday, barely more than half of its debut price in May.
From First Business Page
cent in May and June from the
same months in 2011, according
to comScore. Shares of Groupon have fallen
82 percent since it went public in
November,and the company is
now worth just $3 billion, half of
what Google offered to buy it for
in 2010. Gilt City, a daily deal service
owned by Gilt Groupe, laid off
employees and closed offices in
six cities earlier this year. Google
Offers, whose membership has
plateaued in some cities, has had
to teamwith 35 other deal provid-
ers to supplement its own se-
lection and help other companies
reach customers. Facebook and
Yelp were quick to jump on the
fad, but backed off last year.
Groupon is searching for alterna-
tive ways to make money, like
buying movie tickets,watches
and other goods and selling them
to shoppers. “Many of the other compet-
itors have retreated or scaled
down ambitions,” said Jordan
Rohan, an analyst with Stifel
Nicolaus. “There are no real bar-
riers to entry, but there are fairly
significant barriers to success.” One of those barriers is keep-
ing merchants happy. Though
small businesses were excited at
first about a new way to attract
customers in a post-Yellow Pages
world, many soon soured on the
daily deals. Customers who
bought deals overwhelmed the
businesses, spent the bare mini-
mum and never returned. The scene on a three-block
stretch of Mississippi Avenue in
Portland, Ore., is a snapshot of
what is happening nationally, as
merchants grow increasingly
wary of daily deal services even
as more daily deal salespeople
try to court them. Muddy’s Coffeehouse, which
serves coffee and granola in a
purple-trimmed Victorian home,
offered $24 of food and coffee for
$12. It paid Groupon half of that.
Muddy’s succeeded in drawing
crowds — but ended up losing
money. “I pretty much had to take a
loan out to cover the loss,or we
would have probably had to
close,” the owner,Dyer Price,
said. “They don’t warn you that
you’re going to get hit really hard
and that you have to be prepared.
We will never,ever do it again.” A few doors down, Mississippi
Studios & Bar Bar,a former Bap-
tist church that became a live
music club and burger and cock-
tail restaurant, offered a Groupon
deal but said it slowed down the
bartender, who had to complete
paperwork for each coupon, and
brought in customers who did not
return. “It was a huge boondoggle for
us,and we were counting down
the days until it was over,” said
Kevin Cradock, co-owner of Mis-
sissippi Studios. He said he had a
better solution for local advertis-
ing. “We still do the old-school
thing,” he said.“We print these
posters and hire kids on bikes to
put the posters up.” He also tried Google Offers,
whose deal was easier to process
because Google sent an Android
phone to scan coupons, but it did
not attract repeat customers, ei-
ther.
The story was the same else-
where. Kevin Stecko, founder of
80sTees.com, offered a Groupon
deal for $20 off a $40 order, of
which $10 would go to Groupon.
Initially, the results looked good:
971 coupons were sold,and al-
most all of the customers were
new. But Mr. Stecko said he lost
$2.96 per order on average, and
only nine of the customers who
used the Groupon deal had
bought something else from the
site since then. (He made some
money, though, he said, because
14 percent of people who bought
coupons did not redeem them.)
“It devalues your product,”
said Rafi Mohammed, a pricing
consultant. “You get people who
come in who are very price-sensi-
tive,who aren’t going to come
back and pay full price.” Groupon has added tools to
help merchants with some of
their most common complaints,
like a scheduler so they can avoid
an overwhelming rush of custom-
ers. The company said that in the
last two quarters, half of its offers
were from businesses that had
previously used Groupon. But that might not matter if
shoppers continue to tire on daily
deals. Tamara Koedoot, 47, a real es-
tate agent in Portland, has spent
about $100 on four deals a month
for several years. But lately, it
has been testing her patience,
partly because she said business-
es discriminated against her for
using coupons. “As soon as they find out you
have a Groupon, they don’t even
want to work with you any long-
er, so that’s a turnoff,” she said. Ms. Koedoot has cut back on
buying deals because she has lost
money when coupons she
bought, like one for a Spanish
language course, expired, or
when she could not get restau-
rant reservations before the expi-
ration date. “My thoughts have definitely
changed, and I think my friends
are kind of feeling the same way,”
she said. “We’ve got to quit buy-
ing so many of them because it’s
like, ‘We’ve got this Groupon, we
have to go now.’” UnsubscribeDeals.com has be-
come a support group for shop-
pers who are fed up with deals. Some commenters take issue
with the frequency of the e-mails,
while others complain about the
quality of the offers.“I once got a
Groupon for teeth whitening,”
one person wrote.“I went to the
office and the receptionist gave
me some bleach and told me to do
it at home. She said it would be
extra if I wanted the dentist to do
it.” Merchants and Customers
Start to Sour on Daily Deals
OZIER MUHAMMAD/THE NEW YORK TIMES
At left, Dyer Price, center, owner of Muddy’s Coffeehouse in Portland, Ore., said her business lost money on a Groupon deal.Ed-
win Hermawan and Lea Pische, at right,created a Web site to help people unsubscribe from daily deal e-mails.
Did not
redeem
the Groupon
Spent exactly the
value of the Groupon
or up to $5 more
Spent more than $5
over the value of the Groupon
$5 to 10 more $10 to 20 $20 to 40
14 over $40
Kevin Stecko, the founder of 80sTees.com, an online T-shirt retailer, offered his customers a Groupon deal last year of a $20 coupon good for $40 worth of merchandise. But few of those who bought the coupon spent much more than its $40 value. Most customers, about 57 percent, spent only the value of the Groupon or up to $5 more. Only 29 percent spent more than that, and 14 percent did not redeem it at all.
132 553 116 96 60
One Retailer’s Experience With Groupon
Source: Kevin Stecko, 80sTees.com
THE NEW YORK TIMES
OF 971 CUSTOMERS WHO BOUGHT GROUPONS FOR AN ONLINE T-SHIRT RETAILER From First Business Page
LEAH NASH FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
By PETER EAVIS
Want to better understand the
crazy world of technology
stocks? That requires having a
grasp of something that can best
be described as the curse of the
ordinary.
That curse could mean that
Facebook, which is already down
by nearly 50 percent from its of-
fering price to $19.05 on Friday,
could drop even further. It’s all about valuations. Most efforts to judge the right
stock market value for a compa-
ny rely on profit forecasts. But
earnings at young technology
companies are harder to predict
than at businesses using tradi-
tional approaches to generate
earnings in other industries. In times of optimism, that
knowledge dearth can actually
work to the advantage of technol-
ogy companies. Executives fill
that emptiness with promises of
paradigm-breaking ways of do-
ing business, prompting Wall
Street analysts to project amaz-
ing profits. Investors get excited
and flock to their stock debuts. In
short, it’s all about being seen as
extraordinary.
That magic allowed Facebook
to go public at a stock price that
was an astronomical 100 times its
earnings per share. Back in May,
investors seemingly had little
trouble believing that Facebook
could entwine advertising into all
interactions on its site and gener-
ate extraordinary revenue.
Indeed, each of the companies
that have gone public in recent
months has needed one main
magical story. For Groupon, it
was that the company had found
a revolutionary marketing tool
that was perfect for small busi-
nesses. The untapped market
was theoretically huge.
But the nightmare begins
when investors stop believing in
that central story. Earnings don’t
have to be terrible, and they ha-
ven’t been at the hardest hit
firms — Facebook, Groupon and
Zynga, the online game company.
The earnings just have to contain
a few clues that the dream won’t
be achieved.
Then, the transition from ex-
traordinary to ordinary is brutal.
Groupon is down 75 percent
from its initial public offering.
The market now values it as if it
were any old marketing compa-
ny; its shares are trading at 12
times the earnings that analysts
are projecting for 2013, according
to data from Thomson Reuters.
This is a critical time for Face-
book.
The faith level in the company
is declining. Right now, Facebook
is trading at 31 times the earnings
that analysts are expecting for
2013. That’s not too expensive,
but it’s far above Google’s 2013
price-to-earnings ratio of 14
times.
One reason investors have fled
the stock is that Facebook’s sec-
ond-quarter earnings showed
few signs that it was close to
achieving meteoric growth.
“There have been almost no posi-
tive signals at Facebook in the
past six months,” said Anup Sri-
vastava,an assistant professor at
the Kellogg School of Manage-
ment at Northwestern Universi-
ty. He thinks Facebook shares
should be worth about $12, based
on his estimates of the compa-
ny’s future cash flows.
Such a fate may seem unthink-
able, given how far the stock has
already fallen. But Facebook may
struggle to keep pace with Goo-
gle, which, though it is a more
mature Internet company, is still
finding ways to grow fast. In its
second quarter, the volume of
“paid clicks” (the number of
times users click on a link that
generates revenue for Google)
rose 42 percent from the year-
earlier period. That’s the fastest
growth since 2007, according to
analysts at Nomura. And despite
its extraordinary growth, invest-
ors still give Google’s shares only
an ordinary valuation. But there’s still hope for Face-
book.
Negativity can feed on itself in
the stock market, and the over-
optimism of the I.P.O. may simply
have been replaced with rabid
pessimism today. “As with most
other young growth stocks, no
one really knows Facebook’s val-
ue,” said Aswath Damodaran,a
professor of finance at the New
York University Stern School of
Business. “That means people
can overreact in both directions.”
There are ways to get back into
investors’ good graces. One is for
Facebook to be more convincing
when explaining why it’s special.
Since its own I.P.O., LinkedIn
has kept investors enthralled.
The company trades at 79 times
projected 2013 earnings, a clear
sign that the market believes the
company has created a revolu-
tionary space for companies to
recruit.
Then there’s Amazon.com,
which is extraordinarily talented
at projecting itself as extraordi-
nary. Its shares trade at 100 times
its projected 2013 earnings, even
though it has reported what
might look like disappointing
earnings for several years. The
dream is that Amazon is well on
its way to dominating Internet
commerce, and can look forward
to prodigious profits.
Amazon.com also shows
there’s a way to get investors be-
lieving again. Its shares plunged
amid fears that it could go bank-
rupt soon after the dot-com boom
of the late 1990s, but in the last 10
years it has regained extraordi-
nary status.
Facebook could use some of
that Amazon magic.
NEWS ANALYSIS
For Its Shares to Rebound, Facebook Needs to Project More Magic
N
B5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
wanted a piece of it: a passenger in her
car, the driver of the car that hit her and
a passenger in that car. Progressive sized up its legal risks.
Three individuals thought Ms. Fisher
had run a red light — the police officer
who filed the accident report (but who
did not witness it), Ms. Fisher’s passen-
ger and the driver of the other vehicle.
On the other hand, one eyewitness said
that it was the other driver who ran the
light. At that point, Progressive chose to pay
the liability claims. “If we determine that
we shouldn’t pay any third parties, our
insured can get sued and be responsible
for any amount over the limit,” said Mar-
cia Marsteller, the business leader in
Progressive’s legal department for
claims. “If we make the wrong call and
don’t pay them and perhaps we should
have, there is an issue for her estate.”
Here’s where things get tricky. Liabil-
ity insurance pays money to injured peo-
ple even if the policyholder is at fault.
But the dispute in court that so infuriat-
ed Ms. Fisher’s brother,Matt,also af-
fected a different policy she had — un-
derinsured motorist coverage — that op-
erates under different rules.
That coverage is something you buy if
you’re worried about somebody hurting
you who doesn’t have much insurance.
The driver who hit Ms. Fisher had only
$25,000 in liability coverage, and her par-
ents tried to coordinate claims from his
company and their daughter’s to collect
the $100,000 total that her underinsured
motorist insurance covered. The challenge with the coverage, how-
ever, is that it pays you money only if the
other driver is at fault. Many states, rec-
ognizing the subtleties in assigning
blame, will pay out partial claims based
on the share of responsibility. But Mary-
land is among a small number of states
where insurance policyholders may get
nothing under the terms of their under-
insured motorist policies if they’re even
lost in court, was roundly mocked online,
will pay the underinsured motorist claim
to the Fishers after all and is now also
paying them a separate settlement to
avoid a hearing before the state insur-
ance commissioner. But Ms. Marsteller of Progressive said
that the company was acting in Ms. Fish-
er’s best interest from the start. “You
make a decision and you might get a law-
suit either way,” she said. “Our goal is to
make the best decision overall for the in-
sured, and I think we did that here.”
A short personal coda here. I went
back and checked my own insurance pol-
icy and realized that while I have $1 mil-
lion of liability coverage, I had the mini-
mum amount of uninsured motorist cov-
erage. My guess is that at the time I
made that decision, I figured that my
separate health, life and disability cover-
age would cover me in the event of an ac-
cident involving somebody driving
around with no insurance. That seems foolish in retrospect, given
all the things that I might have to pay for
out of pocket if I were hurt badly. Plus, it
cost less than $6 a month to take the un-
derinsured coverage up to $1 million. The low price seems to indicate that
the odds of making a claim are slim. But
the Fishers’ experience suggests that
having decent coverage is a good idea,
and they are now considering increasing
their own coverage.
Before their daughter died, they had
taken out a home equity loan to pay off
some of her student loans. The proceeds
from the uninsured motorist claim will
allow them to retire the debt.But her
mother said that the lawsuit was never
about the money for them. “This is the
last that the world will ever hear of my
daughter,” she said. “And I didn’t want
those last words about her to be that she
was a reckless driver.”Alas, having in-
surance doesn’t guarantee that your in-
surer won’t cross the ring at some point
and fight alongside the other person who
was involved in your accident. And if
companies make enough of the sort of
miscalculations that Progressive did
here, the costs may well be passed on to
all of us in the form of higher premiums. fault (giving rise to her brother’s accusa-
tion that the company defended her kill-
er). The jury sided with the Fishers and
determined that she bore no fault at all.
The Fishers’ lawyer, Allen Cohen, said
he felt that Progressive’s conduct raised
questions about whether the state insur-
ance commissioner would find that the
company had acted in bad faith. After all,
he explained, two of the witnesses who
lined up against Ms. Fisher were not in-
dependent, since one had made a liabil-
ity claim against her insurance policy
and another (the other driver) had po-
tential criminal exposure.
“I have no issue in general with insur-
ance companies defending themselves,”
he said. “But in this specific case, I have
an issue with how they examined the ev-
idence to come to the decision to aban-
don their insured.”
Progressive sure seems to have done
absolutely everything wrong here. It
paid out three liability claims, doubled
down in court on its interpretation of the
evidence that was behind those payouts,
evidence and come to a different conclu-
sion when it paid claims on Ms. Fisher’s
liability policy, decided not to pay the full
claim on the underinsured motorist cov-
erage.
While the company did engage in set-
tlement negotiations with the Fishers,
the two sides could not come to an agree-
ment. “I think they’re still hoping that
we are what they originally thought we
were: stupid people that they could
bully,” Joan Fisher said. “I think they
thought that we would just turn our tails
down behind us and walk away.”
Instead, the Fishers chose to sue the
driver of the other vehicle to determine
who was truly at fault in the accident.
Armed with a favorable judgment, they
could then force Progressive to pay their
daughter’s underinsured motorist claim
in full.
Progressive didn’t want that to hap-
pen, so it filed a motion to intervene in
the case and sent its lawyer to court
alongside the other driver’s lawyer to
make the case that Ms. Fisher was at
1 percent at fault. “You’re buying insurance that steps
into the shoes of the guy who injured
you,” said Tom Baker, a professor at the
University of Pennsylvania Law School.
“It’s kind of a nasty business, because
they have to act like they’re the bad guy
that hurt you.”
Indeed, that is exactly what ended up
happening with the Fishers. Even as
Progressive was paying money to the in-
jured people under the terms of Ms.
Fisher’s liability policy, her family was
making a claim on her underinsured mo-
torist policy that she wasn’t responsible
at all.
“She was a very cautious kind of per-
son,” said her mother, Joan Fisher. “She
wasn’t a risk taker in any phase of her
life. She was almost a nerd. I have never
believed that she ran the red light.”
The other driver’s insurance company
appeared to be siding with the Fishers
when it offered them the full $25,000 that
his own liability policy covered. But Pro-
gressive, having already assessed the
YOUR MONEY A Closer Look at an Auto Insurance Case That Flooded the Internet
Twitter: @ronlieber
From First Business Page
DOUGLAS HEALEY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
MATT FISHER
Joan and Steven Fisher, left,at their
Connecticut home.They went to
court to prove that their daughter
Kaitlynn,known as Katie, was not
responsible for the auto accident that
took her life. Above, Katie in 2008.
By PAUL SULLIVAN
F
ORCE-PLACED insurance isn’t
high up on most people’s list of
mortgage worries, not when so
many people are in danger of
losing their homes. But it’s been high up
on mine ever since my wife and I had to
battle our mortgage provider to remove
flood insurance it had bought for us —
and we didn’t need — for a condomini-
um we owned in Florida.
While we eventually convinced our
lender that we had adequate flood cov-
erage, I spent many hours on the phone
over many months before I got the in-
surance removed. I’ve since spoken to
other people who had similar, if not
worse, struggles.
So I’ve been glad that the Consumer
Financial Protection Bureau has taken
up the cause. It released rules last week
that deal with various aspects of mort-
gage servicing, the next step in its pro-
cess to make lenders more accountable
to borrowers. There are legitimate reasons for
force-placed insurance.It protects a
lender’s interest in a property when the
borrower lets property or hazard insur-
ance lapse. Mortgage contracts contain
clauses that stipulate that the borrower
needs to maintain proper insurance.
But force-placed insurance has be-
come problematic in two main areas. In
some cases, insurance — for hazard,
flood or wind coverage — was pur-
chased for homeowners without giving
them enough time to buy their own poli-
cy, and when the premiums were taken
out of their monthly mortgage payment,
it put them behind on their loan. (I
should mention that the cost of force-
placed insurance is almost always high-
er than the market rate.) In other cases,
borrowers were told they had to have
coverage for something they did not
think they needed and it was purchased
for them anyway.
In the worst cases, the cost of force-
placed insurance pushed people who
were already struggling financially into
foreclosure. But even the best cases
were not that great: people, like me,
who eventually got the insurance re-
moved after months of frustrating calls
and repeated faxes of information.
I wrote about the Consumer Financial
Protection Bureau’s initial proposals on
force-placed insurance in April. These
include stricter rules on when and how
lenders notify borrowers that this insur-
ance is going to be bought for them. The bureau’s goal with the rules is to
educate consumers on the costs and
coverage limits of force-placed insur-
ance, said Moira Vahey,a spokeswom-
an. But the homeowners I’ve talked to
say the rules don’t go far enough, par-
ticularly because they fail to impose
penalties large enough to force lenders
to be more responsive to consumers. The consumer agency said it would
accept comments until Oct.9 and would
issue the final rules in January. The homeowners told me they were
pleased with the agency’s proposal to
require lenders to tell consumers how
much force-placed insurance would cost
them. The bureau suggested that lend-
ers send a letter to consumers stating in
bold type what the price of the insur-
ance would be and noting it was “proba-
bly more expensive than insurance you
can buy yourself.” The proposed letter
also states that force-placed insurance
“may not provide as much coverage as
an insurance policy you buy yourself.” But as Brian Penny,a former employ-
ee at Balboa, a force-placed insurer
owned by Bank of America until last
year, who has now become a whistle-
blower, noted, the letters could easily be
overlooked by consumers if they contin-
ue to be mailed in nondescript enve-
lopes.
Ms. Vahey said the bureau had not
considered requirements for the enve-
lopes but that was an area open for
comment. The homeowners told me they wor-
ried that banks and insurers could still
charge whatever they wanted for the
force-placed insurance. The proposed
rule states that the “charges would
have to bear a reasonable relationship
to the servicer’s cost of providing the
service.” But a borrower and a lender
might have different definitions of what
is reasonable. The proposed letter does not provide
a phone number or Web site for help if
the lender does not comply. Ms. Vahey said the form letters were
not intended “as much to report viola-
tions as to educate the consumers.” But
she added that the bureau has a super-
visory role over the lenders. To get more ideas about the rules, I
called two people who I thought would
be at opposite ends of this debate: Mr.
Penny, the whistle-blower, and Ed Del-
gado,chief operating officer of Wing-
span Portfolio Advisors, which as a ser-
vicer for banks monitors insurance cov-
erage on mortgages and handles fore-
closures, short sales and other mort-
gage matters. Mr. Penny said the rules should re-
quire more disclosures on the relation-
ship between the lenders and the force-
placed insurers. “When you call to complain about
your insurance, you’re talking to that
insurance company,” Mr. Penny said.
“People don’t know that. They think
they’re complaining to B of A about
QBE when they’re actually complaining
to QBE about QBE.” QBE is one of the
largest force-placed insurers.
He said he feared that the penalties,
as written in the rules, would not be ap-
plied. “It’s very easy to hide that stuff,”
he said. “They can make all the rules
they want, but I don’t see how they can
enforce these rules.”
On the other side, Mr. Delgado said
he thought the rules were stating the
obvious.“Some of it just seems to be a
reinforcement of common sense —
make sure payments are applied, fix
your errors,” he said.
He suggested requiring the lenders to
communicate more with the borrower.
Instead of just mailing a letter, he said,
it would be better if the lenders called
before the insurance policies lapsed.
(This is a service his company does not
provide,but he said it could.) “Sending a letter may not always
work,” Mr. Delgado said. “Making a call
to verify residency and then determine
the intent to maintain or secure insur-
ance on the property would work better.
What if the letter never hit the target?
My bias is that communication come
from multiple levels.”
Mr. Delgado said he recently had to
deal with force-placed insurance when
he sold his house. But he said he was
glad his lender had called him.
“They said I was in breach of agree-
ment on my insurance and they were
going to provide insurance,” he said.
“They were so focused on the lapse of
insurance. I said,‘Check out my state-
ment. My balance is zero because I just
paid off my loan.’” More communication certainly can’t
hurt. But from my experience,it is up to
consumers to be vigilant and persistent
— no matter how frustrating it is to re-
peatedly call, e-mail and fax the force-
placed insurance company. WEALTH MATTERS
When the Lender Buys Your Home Insurance, a Call Is in Order REX C. CURRY FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ed Delgado of Wingspan Portfolio Advisors said using common sense helped. “Make sure payments are applied, fix your errors,” he said.
Force-placed insurance
costs more than if you
buy it yourself. Proposed federal rules on
force-placed insurance leave much of
the burden on homeowners to look out
for their own interests. Readers of the
Bucks personal finance blog offer their
own stories about the insurance. nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:LESSON FOR HOMEOWNERS
PERSONAL BUSINESS B6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
35 STW.,#147 B'twn Broadway &7th
500,700 &1400 sq ft,totally renov'd,new
windows,acrossfromMacy's.NO FEE
falconproperties.com 212-302-3000
Offices−Manhattan 105
When You Have Too Much Stuff
When Andrew Hyde began an adventure in minimalism, he owned
only 15 things. It eventually grewto 39 and now it sits around 60. It all
started when he decided to take a trip around the world and sell ev-
erything he didn’t need. As Mr. Hyde wrote on his blog, it changed his
life after a brief period of befuddlement.
When I came across his story, I was so inspired that I went home
and found 15 things to give away. Most were clothes that I had long
since stopped wearing. I have no idea why I still had a tie I hadn’t
worn in four years or a shirt that no longer fit.
I still own way more than 39 things, but getting rid of some of them
felt amazingly good. I realized how much holding on to those things
actually cost. When we hold on to stuff we no longer want or use, it
does indeed cost us something more, if only in the time spent organ-
izing and contemplating them. Mr. Hyde’s example is extreme, but I love thinking about extreme
examples because they have the power to compel us to act. I found
myself thinking:
Why exactly do you own what you own?
What could you get rid of and not miss?
Do I really still need that?
What is it costing me to own that?
If the idea of cutting down on your possessions is daunting, start
simple. At the end of every season, go through your clothes. If you
didn’t wear it once, get rid of it.
This process will generate a stack of stuff. Don’t try to sell it on
eBay. It’s another cost (in time). Save yourself a headache, donate it
to a charity and take the tax credit.
You don’t need to get down to 39 possessions. Instead, this exercise
is about determining why you own what you own and what it might be
costing you to own it. CARL RICHARDS
COMMENTS Getting rid of certain things is difficult because it forces
one to admit that the possibilities that those things represent will never
be realized. Examples for me are fishing equipment and books on fish-
ing, ice skates, camping equipment, philosophy books, etc.
— berchman, Carlisle, Pa.
I recommend Freecycle to everyone trying to declutter. Local chap-
ters operate Yahoo Groups that provide an open, commercial-free,
zero-dollar way to find a home in need for your extra stuff. I’ll never
forget the joy of an older couple who took away a service for 12 just
weeks before Thanksgiving. They were thrilled to have a full set for the
first time. Free and priceless. — Don Frick, North Carolina
A Deposit
By iPhone
Bank of America has (finally)
begun offering a check deposit
feature on its mobile banking
app for smartphones and tab-
lets. So I tested it on my new
iPhone, with varying results.
Citibank, Chase and others al-
ready offer mobile deposit, and
some smaller banks, like USAA,
have been offering it even long-
er.
I easily downloaded the free
mobile banking app onto my
iPhone and logged in using my
online banking credentials. Be-
cause I was using a new phone, I
had to answer additional ques-
tions to verify my identity.
Once the app opened, I clicked
on the “deposits” tab. The app
directed me to take two photos:
one of the front of the check and
one of the back of the check
(which must be endorsed “for
deposit only”).
This step took me a couple of
tries with the first check, a com-
puter-printed version. The app
rejected my first two attempts as
blurry. But once I moved to an
area with better lighting,it
worked. I chose an account,
typed in the amount and clicked
“deposit.” Pretty easy, and I
didn’t have to get in my car and
drive to a branch.
But a handwritten personal
check, sent by a relative as a gift
for my daughter’s birthday, was
a different story. Despite retak-
ing the image many times, in dif-
ferent lighting and from varying
heights, I got the same error
message: “The image is blurry.
Please retake a clear photo.”
A bank customer-service rep-
resentative suggested uninstall-
ing, then reinstalling, the app,
and trying again later. (That
didn’t help.) If that didn’t work,
he suggested,there might be a
problem with my phone’s cam-
era.
I called my cellular provider
(Verizon), which sold me the
phone. A representative had me
snap a photo and text it to my-
self to check the image quality. It
looked clear to me. But the app
still wouldn’t accept the check
images.
Verizon connected me to an
Apple representative, who sug-
gested removing the phone’s
protective case, in case it was in-
terfering with the auto-focus fea-
ture. She also advised tapping
on the phone’s screen to help fo-
cus before snapping the shutter.
Neither step helped.
A second bank rep suggested
the handwritten check might not
be clear enough for the app to ac-
cept. (A.T.M.’s sometimes can’t
read such checks either.) So I will
just have to deposit that one the
old-fashioned way. (I was later
able to deposit a different hand-
written check.)
The app instructed me to keep
the checks for 14 days — in case
they were needed for verification
— and then destroy them. A bank spokeswoman said that
“by and large, feedback has been
positive” for the new feature. ANN CARRNS
COMMENTS
Another fetish for the
iPhone-addicted. It doesn’t mat-
ter that it takes more time or trou-
ble (e.g.,having to resubmit check
again and again, having to store
the paper check for a time) to de-
posit the check than banking nor-
mally.— Ed, Alexandria, Va.
A helpful hint here — put your
finger on the shutter release until
you’re ready to take the picture
rather than “pushing” the button.
Most camera-related apps take
the picture when you remove your
finger, giving you the opportunity
to become your stillest before tak-
ing the shot. Pushing the button
often pushes the phone as well.
— MaryBeth,
Upstate New York
E-Receipts
At the Bank
Lots of retailers now offer elec-
tronic receipts for purchases. So
why shouldn’t banks get into the
act, too?
Wells Fargo has been offering
e-mail receipts at its A.T.M.’s for
two years and is now offering the
option to online customers who
make deposits or withdrawals at
its branches.
About 12 percent of A.T.M.
transactions now generate an
e-receipt, a bank spokeswoman
said. The bank has about 12,000
A.T.M.’s and 6,000 branches. Electronic receipts are avail-
able to online banking customers,
who may have the receipt sent to
their online banking in-box or to
another personal e-mail account
they designate. ANN CARRNS
COMMENT
I don’t use the teller
that often, but I love the idea of
electronic receipts. It’s me, but I
don’t like keeping paper receipts,
which will eventually be lost in my
drawer anyway. At least if they
e-mail it to me or have it in my ac-
count, I have a better chance of
finding it if I ever need it!
— dhruv, Chicago
CARL RICHARDS
icantly. This has many investors
waiting for the next jarring event
out of Europe or for a disap-
pointing report on the United
States economy. “It just seems
we have many,many opportuni-
ties to get it wrong, and the mar-
kets are assuming we get it all
right,” said Nicholas Colas, the
chief market strategist at Con-
vergEx Group. The Standard & Poor’s 500-
stock index climbed 0.19 percent,
or 2.65 points, to 1,418.16 on Fri-
day. It is now up nearly 13 per-
cent for the year and needs to
gain less than a point to overtake
the high for the year hit in April. The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age finished the day up 0.19 per-
cent, or 25.09 points, at 13,275.20.
The Nasdaq index rose 0.46 per-
cent, or 14.20 points, to 3,076.59.
The summer calm is in stark
contrast to the same time last
year, when markets were swing-
ing wildly amid the downgrade of
United States debt and fears that
Greece would default on its
bonds and the United States was
headed for a double-dip reces-
sion. Since those lows, American
stocks are up over 25 percent. The index that is used to track
the volatility of the markets, re-
ferred to as the VIX,fell this
week to 13.45,its lowest level
since 2007.It had risen to a high
of 48 last August.
Earlier this summer, it ap-
peared that Wall Street would
again have its vacation season
ruined as concerns about Spain’s
economy threatened to force the
country to leave the euro. Most of
the credit for the change in senti-
ment since is given to Mr. Draghi
of the European Central Bank.
His message in July about sup-
porting the euro was reinforced
this week by the German Chan-
cellor,Angela Merkel, who
praised Mr. Draghi in a visit to
Canada. Since Mr. Draghi’s comments,
the main Spanish stock index is
up almost 15 percent and the
yields on Spanish government
bonds have fallen sharply, with
the 10-year bond interest rate
dropping to 6.4 percent on Fri-
day, from a high of 7.5 percent
last month. But European leaders have
managed to temporarily calm the
markets at several times over the
last few years, only to see the
problems re-emerge. Many econ-
omists are nervously awaiting a
September ruling from a German
court on the constitutionality of
the European rescue fund that
was announced this summer and
that is seen as a crucial element
in any recovery.
Even if the court approves the
program, there are still funda-
mental weaknesses in the Span-
ish, Italian and Greek economies,
which do not appear to be im-
proving as the governments con-
tinue to cut their budgets. The
Spanish central bank said Friday
that the number of bad loans in
the country grew in the first half
of the year. “The Europeans have repeat-
edly said, ‘We have a plan to calm
the situation,’ and then it failed,”
said Neal Soss,the chief econo-
mist at Credit Suisse. “You cer-
tainly can’t ignore that history.
But at the same time, at this mo-
ment this plan looks a bit more
convincing.”
In the United States, investors
were encouraged by reports this
week showing that retail spend-
ing rose in July for the first time
in four months.And the number
of people filing for unemploy-
ment benefits has been falling
slightly after jumping earlier this
summer. But the Federal Re-
serve banks in Philadelphia and
New York both said this week
that manufacturing in their re-
gions continued to decline. This
has led economists to stick to
their projections of slow growth
through the rest of the year.
“I don’t think the fundamen-
tals have improved a lot,” said
Kevin Giddis,the head of bond
trading at Morgan Keegan. Looking ahead, many analysts
say they are worried that even
the current slow rate of growth
could be jeopardized by the so-
called fiscal cliff at the end of the
year,when taxes are scheduled
to rise if Congress takes no ac-
tion. No one in the investing
world is expecting Congress to
take any steps to help the econ-
omy before the election in No-
vember. The discouraging economic
data earlier this summer had in-
creased the probability that the
Federal Reserve would provide
more monetary stimulus for the
economy. And the prospect of the
central bank buying government
bonds pushed other investors to
do the same, driving down yields
to historic lows. Even though the recent im-
provement in the economic out-
look has been slight, it has been
enough to convince many invest-
ors that the Fed is not likely to
take action anytime soon. This
has been the primary explana-
tion given for the sharp rise in
government bond yields of the
last three weeks. But many bond investors have
said that they are not selling their
holdings yet. David Ader, a bond
strategist at CRT Capital Group,
said that the recent spike in bond
yields was largely related to the
slowness of the summer trading
environment. He said that with
fewer people at their trading
desks, when one person decides
to sell,it pushes the price up
more.
“Let’s not confuse a change in
prices for a change in facts,” Mr.
Ader said. “We have not gotten a
lot of new information.” STOCKS & BONDS
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
THE NEW YORK TIMES
13,245
13,255
13,265
13,275
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
13,250.11
From First Business Page
laws can fundamentally hinder a
case, as they did during tax-eva-
sion investigations against Swiss
banks. Data on transactions, in
some earlier global bank cases,
had been so redacted that au-
thorities joked that they looked
like “Swiss cheese.” The speed of obtaining the
data, the prosecutors said, de-
pends on a level of trust and co-
operation.
In the Credit Suisse case, for
example, regulators from the
Federal Reserve and prosecutors
worked for months to persuade
the Swiss bank and its regulators
to release full data, an especially
delicate proposition because of
Swiss laws that fiercely guard cli-
ent information, according to the
law enforcement officials. With-
out that, the investigation — re-
sulting in a $536 million settle-
ment and deferred prosecution
agreement — could have dragged
on much longer, the authorities
said. Neil M. Barofsky,the former
inspector general for the Treas-
ury’s bank bailout fund, said
fears that banks would not co-
operate were overblown because
it was “in their best interest to co-
operate to avoid criminal pros-
ecution and to keep their license.”
In the case of Standard Char-
tered, which is still being investi-
gated by the Justice Department
and the Manhattan district at-
torney, among others, coopera-
tion started nearly from the be-
ginning when in 2010 the bank
gave officials a battery of e-mails
and other internal bank docu-
ments detailing transactions with
Iran from 2001 to 2007.
The prosecutors have not yet
found any money transfers that
went to so-called specially desig-
nated nationals, the term as-
signed by the Treasury Depart-
ment to terrorists, drug cartels or
individuals or companies owned
or operated by sanctioned coun-
tries, the law enforcement offi-
cials said. In his Aug. 6 order against
Standard Chartered, Mr. Lawsky
claimed the bank “left the U.S. fi-
nancial system vulnerable to ter-
rorists, weapons dealers, drug
kingpins and corrupt regimes.”
The order said the bank trans-
ferred money on behalf of Iranian
state-owned banks — including
the Central Bank of Iran/Marka-
zi, Bank Saderat and Bank Melli.
American officials suspected Iran
was using those banks to finance
nuclear weapons and missile pro-
grams.
So far, prosecutors said that
they had not yet discovered
transactions with those banks af-
ter the Iranian banks were added
to the specially designated na-
tionals list. Mr. Lawsky pointed
out in his order that it was impos-
sible to know how the money was
used because Standard Char-
tered deliberately stripped iden-
tifying information from the
transactions. As they continue to pursue in-
vestigations against global
banks, federal and state prosecu-
tors are still deciding how they
want to work with Mr. Lawsky,
who took the reins of the re-
vamped banking agency in 2011.
In the past, the New York bank-
ing department worked along-
side federal and state prosecu-
tors, but did not get a share of the
forfeited money. gence Agency.
Until 2008,foreign banks were
allowed, in a sanctions loophole,
to transfer money for Iran
through their American subsid-
iaries to a separate offshore insti-
tution while providing the scanti-
est information about the client
to their United States units as
long as they had thoroughly vet-
ted the transactions for suspi-
cious activity. As a result, Ameri-
can law enforcement agencies
generally have to push for more
information from foreign banks. To get uncensored data, au-
thorities work closely with in-
ternational regulators and global
banks to navigate European pri-
vacy and bank secrecy laws. The
feit a substantial amount of as-
sets. The cases typically have not in-
volved United States banks. Un-
like foreign institutions, Ameri-
can banks were prohibited from
originating or receiving such
transactions from Iran. That en-
abled them to largely sidestep
the conduct that has helped en-
snare foreign banks. Mr. Lawsky, who claimed
Standard Chartered plotted with
Iran for nearly a decade to se-
cretly process $250 billion
through its New York branch, has
been unwavering in his decision
to move against Standard Char-
tered. He has found support
among those who think federal
prosecutors have been too le-
nient on big banks. Rather than undermine the po-
licing of global banks, Mr. Law-
sky’s actions strengthen regula-
tion, said Senator Carl Levin,
Democrat of Michigan, who held
hearings last month exposing
HSBC money laundering viola-
tions with Iran, Mexico and oth-
ers. “New York’s regulatory action
sends a strong message that the
United States will not tolerate
foreign banks giving rogue na-
tions like Iran hidden access to
the U.S. financial system,” Mr.
Levin, who heads the Senate’s
Permanent Subcommittee on In-
vestigations, said in a statement
this week.
The investigation into
Deutsche Bank is still in its very
early stages, according to the law
enforcement officials. So far,
there is no suspicion that the
bank moved money on behalf of
Iranian clients through its Ameri-
can operations after 2008, the offi-
cials said. In the earlier cases, the banks
agreed to financial settlements
with prosecutors for as much as
$619 million with ING bank in
June. The cases are also valu-
able, the prosecutors said, as a
result of the trove of transactions
typically unearthed. The infor-
mation, including the identity of
clients who sent money through
the banks, can then be passed on
to the Federal Bureau of Investi-
gation and the Central Intelli-
Deutsche Bank’s Ties to Sanctioned Nations Under Scrutiny JIN LEE/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Benjamin M. Lawsky,of New York’s Department of Financial
Services, settled a case with Standard Chartered bank.
From First Business Page
The latest in a series
of cases against global
investment firms. Readers of the Bucks personal
finance blog tell their tales of
dealing with underinsured
motorist coverage in their
automobile insurance policy. nytimes.com/bucks
ONLINE:ABOUT YOUR POLICY By Reuters
A federal consumer protection
agency on Friday proposed new
rules for fees often attached to
mortgages, as well as new re-
strictions on mortgage loan origi-
nators, to help consumers com-
pare loan options.
Mortgages can carry different
combinations of fees and points,
which are payments borrowers
can make to reduce the interest
rate on a loan. This can make it
difficult to compare competing
loans and pick the best deal, the
Consumer Financial Protection
Bureau said.
Under the proposed rules,
creditors could continue offering
such loans as long as they also
provide consumers a loan option
with no fees or points attached.
“We want to provide consum-
ers with clearer options and en-
able them to choose the loan that
they believe is right for them,”
the director,Richard Cordray,
said in a statement. The agency
said it expected to issue final
rules in January.
The new rules create an ex-
emption to a provision in the
Dodd-Frank law that banned the
imposition of points and fees for
most loans. Under the exemp-
tion, the practice could continue
if borrowers also have the option
of taking out a mortgage with no
points or fees attached.
Consumer Bureau Seeks to Make Mortgage Fees Clearer
Source: The Conference Board
THE NEW YORK TIMES
L
ea
di
ng I
n
di
cators
An index of 10 economic indicators of the Conference Board that are intended to predict overall economic activity; 2004 =100.
90
93
96
MAY.
+0.3%
JUNE
–0.4%
JULY
+0.4%
95
94
’12’11
In the Calm of Summer, Markets Climb Gingerly
N
B7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Australia (Dollar) 1.0416 .9601
China (Yuan) .1573 6.3580
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1289 7.7567
India (Rupee) .0179 55.7300
Japan (Yen) .0126 79.5400
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3195 3.1300
New Zealand (Dollar) .8072 1.2389
Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.4200
Philippines (Peso) .0236 42.3700
Singapore (Dollar) .7980 1.2531
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1134.7
Taiwan (Dollar) .0333 29.9900
Thailand (Baht) .0318 31.4900
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20840
Britain (Pound) 1.5698 .6370
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0495 20.1960
Denmark (Krone) .1657 6.0353
Europe (Euro) 1.2333 .8108
Hungary (Forint) .0044 224.79
Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1614.70 1620.70 1611.30 1617.30 + 0.20 30,275
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 2812.00 2829.00 2796.00 2800.20 ◊ 21.00 40,776
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 450.50 309.15 Sep 12 338.25 342.45 337.50 341.95 + 3.70 50,419
Nasdaq 100 2780.30 + 12.21 + 0.44 + 27.44 + 22.06
Composite 3076.59 + 14.20 + 0.46 + 22.50 + 18.10
Industrials 2493.11 + 9.61 + 0.39 + 15.12 + 14.98
Banks 1829.34 + 12.44 + 0.68 + 21.79 + 13.07
Insurance 4538.27 + 27.76 + 0.62 + 16.35 + 6.11
Other Finance 3996.24 + 13.31 + 0.33 + 16.64 + 15.97
Telecommunications 197.03 + 0.78 + 0.40 + 3.00 + 0.05
Computer 1684.69 + 11.05 + 0.66 + 28.53 + 22.19
Industrials 13275.20 + 25.09 + 0.19 + 16.34 + 8.66
Transportation 5194.38 + 26.87 + 0.52 + 13.48 + 3.48
Utilities 478.91 ◊ 0.91 ◊ 0.19 + 12.01 + 3.06
Composite 4490.62 + 9.23 + 0.21 + 14.70 + 6.11
100 Stocks 651.58 + 1.00 + 0.15 + 20.83 + 14.15
500 Stocks 1418.16 + 2.65 + 0.19 + 18.78 + 12.77
Mid-Cap 400 977.85 + 4.75 + 0.49 + 15.20 + 11.23
Small-Cap 600 461.19 + 3.66 + 0.80 + 20.22 + 11.11
MARKET GAUGES
+10%
+ 5%
0%
– 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
3-MONTH TREND
1,250
1,300
1,350
1,400
1,450
June
July
Aug.
+10%
+ 5%
0%
– 5%
Nasdaq Composite
3-MONTH TREND
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
June
July
Aug.
+10%
+ 5%
0%
– 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3-MONTH TREND
12,000
12,500
13,000
13,500
14,000
June
July
Aug.
NASDAQ
COMPOSITE
3,076.59 +14.20
U
10-YEAR TREASURY YIELD
1.81% –0.03
CRUDE
OIL
$96.32 +$0.43
U
GOLD
(N.Y.)
$1,616.30 +$0.20
U
THE
EURO
$1.2333 –$0.0021
D
DOW
INDUSTRIALS
13,275.20 +25.09
U
S.&P.
500
1,418.16 +2.65
U
STOCK MARKET INDEXES
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
DOW JONES
STANDARD AND POOR’S
NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
NASDAQ
OTHER INDEXES
NYSE Comp. 8102.08 + 12.08 + 0.15 + 9.21 + 8.36
Tech/Media/Telecom 6070.88 + 5.73 + 0.09 + 10.69 + 10.68
Energy 12741.52 ◊ 16.81 ◊ 0.13 + 4.86 + 2.67
Financial 4599.13 + 22.60 + 0.49 + 8.05 + 13.20
Healthcare 7621.63 ◊ 42.66 ◊ 0.56 + 14.56 + 8.18
American Exch 2424.69 ◊ 5.84 ◊ 0.24 + 5.36 + 6.42
Wilshire 5000 14793.92 + 37.66 + 0.26 + 17.66 + 12.16
Value Line Arith 3007.70 + 17.64 + 0.59 + 16.07 + 11.58
Russell 2000 819.89 + 6.81 + 0.84 + 16.46 + 10.66
Phila Gold & Silver 160.01 ◊ 0.64 ◊ 0.40 ◊ 24.71 ◊ 11.42
Phila Semiconductor 405.14 ◊ 3.12 ◊ 0.76 + 14.74 + 11.17
KBW Bank 47.24 + 0.26 + 0.55 + 21.94 + 19.96
Phila Oil Service 229.85 + 0.96 + 0.42 ◊ 3.35 + 6.27
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
CONSUMER RATES
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.98 3.43
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.48 4.32
30-yr fixed 3.68 4.21
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.25 4.93
5/1 adj. rate 2.96 3.01
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.84 3.37
1-year adj. rate 4.12 2.99
Mortgages
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
$75K line good credit* 4.22 4.38% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.22 4.30
$75K loan good credit* 5.35 5.71
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.28 5.48
Home Equity
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
36-mo. used car 3.59 5.13% %
60-mo. new car 3.08 4.32
A
uto Loan Rates
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Money-market 0.51 0.57% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.55 0.63
6-month CD 0.47 0.54
1-year CD 0.70 0.86
2-year CD 0.85 1.00
5-year IRA CD 1.47 1.90
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Home
Yesterday
Year
Ago
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
GOVERNMENT BONDS
0
1
2
3
4
5%
3
6
2
5
10
30
Months Years
Maturity
Yest.
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
Y
ield Curve
0
1
2
3
4%
2012
2011
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
INVESTMENT GRADE
FINRA TRACE CORPORATE BOND DATA
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 5228 3752 1280 196
Advances 2655 1907 648 100
Declines 2303 1712 507 84
Unchanged 149 57 80 12
52 Week High 239 122 100 17
52 Week Low 86 59 25 2
Dollar Volume
*
12,305 7,575 3,976 754
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Enterprise prods oper l p (edp) 6.875 Mar ‘33 baa2 bbb 125.066 125.036 125.036 –1.036 4.923
Enterprise prods oper llc (edp) 5.700 Feb ‘42 baa2 bbb 113.976 111.549 111.616 –1.985 4.947
Ford mtr cr co llc (f.Gsu) 8.125 Jan ‘20 baa3 bbb– 124.250 123.438 124.250 –0.250 4.267
Odyssey re hldgs (frfh3666567) 6.875 May ‘15 baa3 bbb– 113.125 113.000 113.000 3.789 N.A.
General elec cap (ge.Hqt) 5.300 Feb ‘21 a2 115.842 112.600 113.588 0.296 3.437
Anheuser busch inbev worldwide (bud) 2.500 Jul ‘22 a3 a 100.914 98.640 99.010 0.009 2.614
Telefonica emisiones s a u (tef.Gw) 2.582 Apr ‘13 baa2 bbb+ 100.562 99.750 100.500 0.000 1.834
Lubrizol (brk3706507) 6.500 Oct ‘34 aa2 a+ 136.908 136.078 136.204 –1.658 4.014
Citigroup (c.Hfi) 6.125 Nov ‘17 baa2 a 114.400 114.051 114.264 0.061 3.153
Cooperatieve centrale raiffeisen-boerenl (rabo) 3.875 Feb ‘22 aa2 103.339 102.883 103.030 0.024 3.496
HIGH YIELD
ATP oil & gas (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 caa2 31.500 28.100 29.625 0.125 77.476
TXU (txu.Ko) 6.550 Nov ‘34 ca c 56.250 51.000 56.250 2.750 12.357
Energy future hldgs (txu.Lh) 11.250 Nov ‘17 ca ccc 94.000 93.000 94.000 2.250 N.A.
Sprint cap (s.Gm) 6.900 May ‘19 b3 b+ 103.500 101.740 103.200 –1.011 6.304
NII cap (nihd.Go) 7.625 Apr ‘21 b2 77.375 75.250 75.500 0.500 12.317
Ally financial . (Gjm.Gu) 8.000 Mar ‘20 b1 bb– 116.875 116.000 116.500 –0.250 5.321
MGM resorts intl (mgm) 10.375 May ‘14 ba2 bb– 113.875 113.440 113.500 –0.250 2.363
HCA (hca.Ho) 6.375 Jan ‘15 b3 b+ 107.750 106.938 107.250 0.159 3.207
Radioshack (rsh.Gl) 6.750 May ‘19 caa1 cc 72.000 69.000 69.500 1.281 13.857
Travelport llc (trvp.Gc) 11.875 Sep ‘16 caa3 38.125 36.000 38.125 1.188 47.888
CONVERTIBLES
Symantec (symc.Gf) 1.000 Jun ‘13 n.A. N.A. 109.375 108.000 109.199 –0.026 –9.591
Gilead sciences (gild.Gm) 1.000 May ‘14 n.A. 134.148 132.000 132.511 –0.916 –15.129
Intel (intc.Gd) 2.950 Dec ‘35 n.A. N.A. 114.500 113.500 113.500 0.500 2.206
Medtronic (mdt.Gk) 1.625 Apr ‘13 a1 n.A. 100.820 100.000 100.750 1.000 0.463
Endo health solutions (endp.Gb) 1.750 Apr ‘15 n.A. 127.375 124.569 124.916 –0.534 –6.694
Gilead sciences (gild.Gl) 1.625 May ‘16 n.A. 139.859 139.000 139.825 –0.147 –7.529
Intel (intc.Ge) 3.250 Aug ‘39 a2 135.000 134.283 134.750 –0.562 1.648
National retail pptys (nnn.Gh) 5.125 Jun ‘28 baa2 bbb 121.653 121.418 121.653 1.472 3.350
Suntech pwr hldgs co ltd (stp.Gd) 3.000 Mar ‘13 n.A. N.A. 44.550 43.375 44.000 –0.100 220.149
Archer daniels midland co l (adm.Gr) 0.875 Feb ‘14 n.A. A 101.128 99.000 99.938 0.312 0.918
0
2
4
6
8
10%
2012
2011
Yields
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield +7.15%
invest. grade +3.59%
–10
– 5
0
+ 5
+10
+15%
2012
2011
52-week Total Returns
FINRA-BLOOMBERG
CORPORATE BOND INDEXES
high yield +10.64%
invest. grade +7.06%
ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Source: Bloomberg
5-YEAR HISTORY
%+10
–20
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
June ’12 %+7.0
May ’12 +7.0
%+10
0
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
June ’12 %+4.4
May ’12 +4.0
–20
–70
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
June ’12 –42.9
May ’12 –48.0
14
4
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
June ’12 6.6
May ’12 6.4
60
30
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
July ’12 49.8
June ’12 49.7
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
T-BILLS
3-mo.
6-mo.
BONDS & NOTES
2-yr.
5-yr.
10-yr.
30-yr.
TREASURY INFLATION BONDS
5-yr.
10-yr.
20-yr.
30-yr.
Nov 12 ◊ ◊ 0.09 0.08 +0.00 0.09
Feb 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.14 ◊ 0.14
Apr 17 [ 105-25 105-28 –0-03 -1.08
Jul 22 [ 105-22 105-27 +0-03 -0.44
Jan 29 2ø 137-18 138-02 +0-03 0.18
Feb 42 } 103-01 103-26 +0-08 0.64
Jul 14 [ ◊ 99.68 99.69 ◊ 0.29
Jul 17 ø ◊ 98.55 98.56 +0.09 0.80
Aug 22 1| ◊ 98.28 98.30 +0.19 1.81
Aug 42 2} ◊ 96.41 96.44 +0.47 2.93
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS
Bank of Am (BAC) 8.00 +0.07 +0.9 1369129
Facebook I (FB) 19.05 ◊0.82 ◊4.1 1157729
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 19.06 +0.04 +0.2 540956
Marvell Te (MRVL) 10.54 ◊1.74 ◊14.2 537856
Sprint Nex (S) 5.19 +0.04 +0.8 435067
Groupon In (GRPN) 4.75 ◊0.25 ◊5.0 393476
Ford Motor (F) 9.63 +0.04 +0.4 343628
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.56 ◊0.03 ◊1.2 340357
Molycorp I (MCP) 9.84 ◊1.32 ◊11.8 323616
Microsoft (MSFT) 30.90 +0.12 +0.4 300788
General El (GE) 21.00 ◊0.05 ◊0.2 295059
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 23.79 ◊0.23 ◊1.0 289750
Intel Corp (INTC) 26.33 ◊0.26 ◊1.0 288039
Citigroup (C) 29.03 +0.21 +0.7 271599
Brocade Co (BRCD) 5.76 +0.13 +2.3 223382
Ares Capit (ARCC) 16.81 ◊0.61 ◊3.5 218047
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 32.20 +0.17 +0.5 198889
PulteGroup (PHM) 13.38 ◊0.22 ◊1.6 194943
EMC Corp (EMC) 26.85 +0.59 +2.2 194631
Yahoo! Inc (YHOO) 15.03 +0.04 +0.3 192590
GT Advance (GTAT) 6.55 +1.16 +21.5 110889
Checkpoint (CKP) 8.64 +1.53 +21.5 10987
ANN INC (ANN) 33.89 +5.75 +20.4 93195
China Natu (CHNR) 8.54 +1.29 +17.8 50
American W (AMWD) 20.70 +2.89 +16.2 506
Oplink Com (OPLK) 16.31 +2.05 +14.4 8626
Global-Tec (GAI) 9.01 +0.96 +11.9 557
Clovis Onc (CLVS) 18.11 +1.92 +11.9 537
Spark Netw (LOV) 6.81 +0.66 +10.7 525
United Com (UCBA) 6.99 +0.67 +10.6 26
Farmers Ca (FFKT) 10.49 +0.98 +10.3 122
Francesca’ (FRAN) 34.32 +3.14 +10.1 22013
IXYS Corp (IXYS) 9.66 +0.88 +10.0 586
Reed’s Inc (REED) 5.78
+0.52 +10.0 2296
ServiceSou (SREV) 8.50 +0.74 +9.5 6636
Tower Inte (TOWR) 9.64 +0.83 +9.4 343
Pernix The (PTX) 7.01 +0.59 +9.2 152
Westway Gr (WWAY) 6.95 +0.58 +9.1 374
KCAP Finan (KCAP) 8.68 +0.69 +8.6 5038
Rofin-Sina (RSTI) 21.64 +1.71 +8.6 1695
Howard Ban (HBMD) 6.75 ◊1.25 ◊15.6 5
Marvell Te (MRVL) 10.54 ◊1.74 ◊14.2 537856
Molycorp I (MCP) 9.84 ◊1.32 ◊11.8 323616
Ion Geophy (IO) 6.89 ◊0.88 ◊11.3 43583
Aeropostal (ARO) 12.14 ◊1.52 ◊11.1 102583
Kirkland’s (KIRK) 9.92 ◊0.93 ◊8.6 1735
LiveDeal I (LIVE) 5.12 ◊0.48 ◊8.6 304
Velti PLC (VELT) 7.18 ◊0.58 ◊7.5 16767
BG Medicin (BGMD) 5.51 ◊0.44 ◊7.4 183
John B San (JBSS) 17.08 ◊1.23 ◊6.7 527
Ikonics Co (IKNX) 8.15 ◊0.57 ◊6.5 3
United-Gua (UG) 18.05 ◊1.25 ◊6.5 10
InterOil C (IOC) 78.02 ◊5.32 ◊6.4 15329
BroadVisio (BVSN) 8.15 ◊0.53 ◊6.1 439
Durata The (DRTX) 8.50 ◊0.55 ◊6.1 285
VAALCO Ene (EGY) 7.80 ◊0.50 ◊6.0 4508
America’s (CRMT) 45.77 ◊2.83 ◊5.8 3231
Orrstown F (ORRF) 8.42 ◊0.52 ◊5.8 203
Procera Ne (PKT) 22.62 ◊1.28 ◊5.4 4995
Jive Softw (JIVE) 15.38 ◊0.81 ◊5.0 13015
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
20 MOST ACTIVE 20 TOP GAINERS 20 TOP LOSERS
FUTURES
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Norway (Krone) .1691 5.9130
Poland (Zloty) .3034 3.2956
Russia (Ruble) .0312 32.0325
Sweden (Krona) .1500 6.6684
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0274 .9733
Turkey (Lira) .5560 1.7986
Argentina (Peso) .2167 4.6140
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4964 2.0145
Canada (Dollar) 1.0112 .9889
Chile (Peso) .0021 482.93
Colombia (Peso) .0005 1819.9
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0256 39.0500
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1270 7.8710
Honduras (Lempira) .0513 19.5000
Mexico (Peso) .0762 13.1199
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0422 23.6920
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4395.0
Peru (New Sol) .3828 2.6120
Uruguay (New Peso) .0473 21.1500
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6526 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1647 6.0720
Iran (Rial) .0001 12245
Israel (Shekel) .2482 4.0291
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4154 .7065
Kenya (Shilling) .0119 83.9000
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5470 .2819
MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA
AMERICAS
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.00 115.30 Oct 12 125.58 125.75 125.08 125.28 ◊ 0.27 131,285
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 90.00 74.82 Oct 12 75.53 76.95 75.35 76.20 + 0.58 93,697
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2415.00 2478.00 2403.00 2442.00 + 42.00 101,074
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 161.80 163.70 160.25 163.20 + 1.40 82,518
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 26.04 14.35 Sep 12 20.16 20.60 20.11 20.18 + 0.03 299,273
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 849.00 386.75 Dec 12 805.50 813.25 803.00 807.25 ◊ 0.25 678,060
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1691.50 914.00 Nov 12 1624.25 1647.50 1620.50 1645.75 + 20.50 359,210
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 881.50 899.00 881.00 894.50 + 12.75 246,081
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 114.80 73.05 Sep 12 95.55 96.58 95.26 96.32 + 0.43 246,698
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.34 2.21 Aug 12 3.11 3.11 3.07 3.09 ◊ 0.03 70,983
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.67 2.57 Oct 12 2.93 2.98 2.91 2.95 0.00 217,500
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85 euros
2012
2011
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.8107
70
80
90
100
110
$120
2012
2011
Crude Oil
$96.32 a barrel
74
76
78
80
82
84yen
2012
2011
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 79.59
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1202 8.3187
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6725
S&P 100 STOCKS
Prices
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
+
or ·
–
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 68.63 94.30 94.24 + 0.50 + 16.45 + 15.3
Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.50 67.45 65.92 ◊ 0.51 + 31.45 + 17.2
Accenture (ACN) 47.40 65.89 61.08 ◊ 0.07 + 12.03 + 14.7
Allstate C (ALL) 22.27 38.38 37.86 + 0.12 + 48.59 + 38.1
Altria Gro (MO) 25.27 36.29 35.41 + 0.01 + 36.19 + 19.4
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 246.71 241.17 ◊ 0.38 + 23.09 + 39.3
American E (AEP) 35.85 43.96 43.07 ◊ 0.18 + 13.85 + 4.3
American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 57.59 + 0.22 + 25.58 + 22.1
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 50.74 84.39 83.38 + 0.28 + 61.21 + 29.9
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 70.34 ◊ 0.63 ◊ 3.35 ◊ 7.8
Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 89.06 + 0.43 ◊ 15.09 ◊ 1.7
”
Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 648.19 648.11 + 11.77 + 70.36 + 60.0
AT&T Inc (T) 27.29 38.28 37.17 ◊ 0.07 + 27.43 + 22.9
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 62.48 47.32 0.00 ◊ 25.75 ◊ 2.7
”
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 8.00 + 0.07 + 7.24 + 43.9
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.72 22.73 + 0.22 + 9.33 + 14.2
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 60.54 58.90 ◊ 0.02 + 9.56 + 19.0
Berkshire (BRKb) 65.35 86.01 85.87 + 0.65 + 18.64 + 12.5
Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 73.91 + 0.27 + 18.86 + 0.8
Bristol-My (BMY) 27.62 36.34 31.57 ◊ 0.35 + 10.73 ◊ 10.4
Capital On (COF) 36.33 58.69 56.79 + 0.56 + 27.70 + 34.3
”
Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 90.01 + 1.42 + 2.70 ◊ 0.7
Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 113.87 112.66 ◊ 0.66 + 15.34 + 5.9
”
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.90 21.30 19.06 + 0.04 + 20.25 + 5.4
Citigroup (C) 21.40 38.40 29.03 + 0.21 ◊ 2.75 + 10.3
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
•
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 31.67 40.66 39.53 ◊ 0.02 + 14.12 + 13.0
Colgate-Pa (CL) 84.06 109.84 106.18 + 0.35 + 23.02 + 14.9
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.54 35.16 34.02 ◊ 0.12 + 59.49 + 43.5
ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 57.39 ◊ 0.16 + 12.67 + 3.3
Costco Who (COST) 73.40 97.76 96.14 ◊ 0.34 + 26.30 + 15.4
CVS Carema (CVS) 32.14 48.69 45.31 + 0.56 + 31.79 + 11.1
Dell Inc (DELL) 11.39 18.36 12.22 ◊ 0.01 ◊ 13.94 ◊ 16.5
Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 58.97 + 0.08 ◊ 14.14 ◊ 4.9
Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 30.16 + 0.11 + 2.06 + 4.9
E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 50.65 + 0.09 + 8.39 + 10.6
”eBay Inc (EBAY) 26.86 47.05 46.87 + 1.08 + 54.94 + 54.5
Eli Lilly (LLY) 34.66 44.67 42.42 ◊ 0.33 + 18.72 + 2.1
EMC Corp (EMC) 19.99 30.00 26.85 + 0.59 + 19.28 + 24.7
Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 52.30 + 0.21 + 13.97 + 12.3
Exelon Cor (EXC) 36.27 45.45 37.49 + 0.01 ◊ 11.81 ◊ 13.6
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 67.93 88.91 88.40 ◊ 0.27 + 19.20 + 4.3
FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 90.00 + 0.26 + 13.74 + 7.8
Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 9.63 + 0.04 ◊ 13.32 ◊ 10.5
”Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 35.34 + 0.03 ◊ 24.18 ◊ 3.9
General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 65.70 + 0.34 + 6.17 ◊ 1.1
General El (GE) 14.02 21.19 21.00 ◊ 0.05 + 29.39 + 17.3
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 58.84 56.75 + 0.06 + 47.59 + 38.7
Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 103.60 + 0.11 ◊ 11.64 + 14.6
Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 677.25 677.14 + 4.27 + 27.01 + 4.8
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 55.96 55.64 + 0.10 + 6.37 + 3.0
Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 45.48 35.12 ◊ 0.18 ◊ 22.73 + 1.8
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 17.41 30.00 19.52 0.00 ◊ 37.81 ◊ 24.2
Home Depot (HD) 31.03 57.18 56.73 + 0.42 + 69.80 + 34.9
Honeywell (HON) 41.22 62.00 59.50 + 0.74 + 29.38 + 9.5
Intel Corp (INTC) 19.16 29.27 26.33 ◊ 0.26 + 27.38 + 8.6
Internatio (IBM) 157.13 210.69 201.22 + 0.38 + 17.34 + 9.4
Johnson & (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 67.80 ◊ 0.40 + 5.51 + 3.4
JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 36.98 ◊ 0.12 + 1.12 + 11.2
Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 41.50 40.50
◊ 0.20 + 17.29 + 8.4
Lockheed M (LMT) 68.17 92.50 92.40 + 0.35 + 29.79 + 14.2
”Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.28 32.29 27.87 + 0.42 + 38.66 + 9.8
MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 426.81 ◊ 1.71 + 30.84 + 14.5
McDonald’s (MCD) 83.65 102.22 87.36 ◊ 0.10 ◊ 0.16 ◊ 12.9
Medtronic (MDT) 31.06 40.91 40.84 + 0.37 + 25.20 + 6.8
Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.17 43.34 ◊ 0.60 + 34.60 + 15.0
Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 34.79 + 0.21 + 2.96 + 11.6
Microsoft (MSFT) 23.79 32.95 30.90 + 0.12 + 22.40 + 19.0
Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 89.73 87.87 ◊ 0.45 + 25.17 + 25.4
Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 14.59 0.00 ◊ 14.23 ◊ 3.6
National O (NOV) 47.97 87.72 78.51 + 0.30 + 14.93 + 15.5
”News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 24.05 23.26 ◊ 0.25 + 36.58 + 30.4
Nike Inc (NKE) 78.50 114.81 96.26 + 1.48 + 16.61 ◊ 0.1
Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 75.10 + 0.41 + 9.96 + 3.1
Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 88.71 ◊ 0.55 + 1.26 ◊ 5.3
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.75 33.81 32.20 + 0.17 + 17.22 + 25.5
PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 73.65 73.39 ◊ 0.19 + 13.57 + 10.6
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.48 23.79 ◊ 0.23 + 28.66 + 9.9
Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.50 93.38 + 0.09 + 35.22 + 19.0
Procter & (PG) 59.07 67.95 67.00 0.00 + 8.64 + 0.4
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 45.98 68.87 63.29 + 0.72 + 24.07 + 15.7
Raytheon C (RTN) 38.35 56.92 56.23 ◊ 0.19 + 35.95 + 16.2
Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 80.78 74.78 ◊ 0.20 ◊ 5.96 + 9.5
Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 163.75 159.85 + 0.14 + 35.95 + 24.0
Southern C (SO) 39.86 48.59 46.08 + 0.01 + 13.47 ◊ 0.5
”Starbucks (SBUX) 34.38 62.00 48.22 ◊ 0.18 + 24.60 + 4.8
Target Cor (TGT) 47.25 64.99 64.14 + 0.23 + 26.88 + 25.2
Texas Inst (TXN) 24.34 34.24 29.86 ◊ 0.41 + 10.88 + 2.6
Time Warne (TWX) 27.62 42.91 42.61 + 0.09 + 39.84 + 17.9
U.S. Banco (USB) 20.10 34.10 33.11 ◊ 0.10 + 47.61 + 22.4
Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 126.91 125.01 + 0.09 + 35.98 + 18.0
United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 76.49 + 0.12 + 17.53 + 4.5
United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 80.37 + 1.60 + 11.55 + 10.0
UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 53.13 ◊ 0.26 + 16.69 + 4.8
Verizon Co (VZ) 34.65 46.41 44.06 ◊ 0.06 + 23.73 + 9.8
Visa Inc (V) 79.25 132.58 128.69 ◊ 0.99 + 53.22 + 26.8
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 49.94 75.24 71.99 ◊ 0.16 + 39.65 + 20.5
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.61 35.84 + 0.32 ◊ 0.83 + 8.4
Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 50.65 50.46 + 0.21 + 51.21 + 34.6
Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 34.80 34.03 ◊ 0.10 + 36.78 + 23.5
Williams C (WMB) 17.88 34.63 32.31 ◊ 0.35 + 40.56 + 19.8
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes: nytimes.com/markets
D
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
LARGEST FUNDS
+9.6 +3.0 ◊1.5 608 608 555 American Funds Capital Inc Bldr A (CAIBX) IH +9.5 +12.0 +2.0 0.63 57,830
American Funds Capital World G/I A (CWGIX) WS +12.6 +10.1 +0.5 0.82 45,246
Dodge & Cox International Stock (DODFX) FB +9.1 +1.4 ◊2.5 0.64 36,185
Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX) FB +8.3 ◊0.8 ◊2.6 0.22 33,672
American Funds New Perspective A (ANWPX) WS +13.5 +10.8 +2.5 0.81 28,957
American Funds EuroPacific Gr A (AEPGX) FB +9.9 +1.7 ◊0.2 0.84 28,554
Harbor International Instl (HAINX) FB +10.7 +3.5 +0.5 0.77 27,609
PIMCO All Asset Instl (PAAIX) IH +9.0 +7.1 +7.2 0.15 22,483
BlackRock Global Allocation Instl (MALOX) IH +6.8 +3.5 +4.1 0.76 18,300
First Eagle Global A (SGENX) IH +8.3 +8.3 +5.8 1.13 15,268
Fidelity Diversified International (FDIVX) FB +10.5 +1.9 ◊3.2 0.95 13,218
American Funds SMALLCAP World A (SMCWX) WS +13.9 +6.9 +0.7 1.15 12,892
Thornburg International Value I (TGVIX) FG +9.1 +1.4 ◊0.9 0.86 11,679
Templeton Growth A (TEPLX) WS +11.6 +9.7 ◊2.9 1.11 11,291
PIMCO All Asset All Authority Inst (PAUIX) IH +10.4 +7.5 +8.8 0.22 9,639
Vanguard International Growth Inv (VWIGX) FG +10.8 +2.0 ◊0.6 0.49 9,092
Oakmark International I (OAKIX) FB +11.2 +7.2 +0.3 1.05 8,303
T. Rowe Price International Stock Fd (PRITX) FG +10.2 +2.8 ◊0.2 0.85 8,196
Mutual Global Discovery A (TEDIX) WS +10.0 +13.6 +2.1 1.31 7,774
Ivy Asset Strategy C (WASCX) IH +11.4 +2.0 +5.3 1.71 7,664
Scout International (UMBWX) FG +10.8 +3.8 +0.7 0.97 7,607
DFA International Small Cap Value I (DISVX) FA +8.8 ◊2.2 ◊2.9 0.71 7,534
Artisan International Inv (ARTIX) FB +16.4 +9.1 * 1.19 6,444
FPA Paramount (FPRAX) WS +9.5 +20.3 +3.3 0.95 250
Wasatch World Innovators (WAGTX) WS +16.5 +18.9 +4.9 1.87 137
Wells Fargo Advantage Intrns Wld Eq A (EWEAX) WS +14.7 +17.4 +1.7 1.40 144
PIMCO International StocksPLUS TR Str I (PISIX) FB +16.4 +16.9 +2.3 0.75 116
Wells Fargo Advantage WB Tactical Equity (WBGAX) WS +13.4 +16.5 ◊0.9 1.50 358
Third Avenue Real Estate Value Instl (TAREX) GR +23.5 +16.0 ◊0.5 1.11 1,585
DFA Global Real Estate Securities I (DFGEX) GR +17.9 +15.7 NA 0.37 1,234
Tweedy, Browne Value (TWEBX) WS +11.3 +14.7 +2.5 1.40 502
Oakmark Global Select I (OAKWX) WS +13.7 +14.6 +3.3 1.22 557
Dreyfus Worldwide Growth A (PGROX) WS +12.4 +14.4 +4.0 1.23 424
Prudential Global Real Estate Z (PURZX) GR +18.4 +14.2 +1.0 0.97 611
GAMCO Global Growth AAA (GICPX) WS +10.8 +14.2 +1.9 1.84 60
LEADERS
LAGGARDS
Nuveen Tradewinds International Value A (NAIGX) FV ◊1.9 ◊11.5 ◊2.5 1.34 238
Artio International Equity A (BJBIX) FB +5.3 ◊10.9 ◊7.5 1.27 994
ING Global Value Choice C (NAWCX) WS ◊5.2 ◊10.9 +3.5 2.21 59
Ivy Asset Strategy New Opportunities C (INOCX) IH +6.0 ◊10.7 NA 2.37 58
New Alternatives (NALFX) WS ◊5.2 ◊10.6 ◊6.8 1.03 145
Morgan Stanley Inst Intl Small Cap I (MSISX) FA +2.3 ◊9.8 ◊5.5 1.15 133
AllianceBern Global Thematic Gr C (ATECX) WS +4.6 ◊9.2 ◊2.7 2.34 78
Longleaf Partners International (LLINX) FB +4.5 ◊9.0 ◊5.4 1.37 1,374
Artio International Equity II A (JETAX) FB +6.5 ◊8.2 ◊5.6 1.31 328
Ivy Managed European/Pacific A (IVMAX) FB +6.9 ◊8.0 ◊3.3 0.60 72
Alpine Int Real Estate Equity Instl (EGLRX) GR +13.3 ◊7.2 ◊10.6 1.35 280
Hartford Global Real Asset C (HRLCX) IH +0.8 ◊6.6 NA 1.83 56
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
MUTUAL FUNDS SPOTLIGHT: WORLD STOCKS
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source: Bankrate.com
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: FA
-Foreign Small/Mid Val. FB
-Foreign Large Blend. FG
-Foreign Large Growth. FQ
-Foreign Small/Mid Bl.. FR
-Foreign Small/Mid Gr.. FV
-Foreign Large Value. GR
-
Global Real Estate. IH
-World Allocation. WS
-World Stock. NA
-Not Available. YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
B8
N
OBITUARIES
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By DENISE GRADY
Dr. George F. Cahill Jr., a dia-
betes expert who made pivotal
discoveries about the role of insu-
lin in metabolism by studying re-
search subjects on starvation di-
ets, and who testified at Claus
von Bülow’s trials that he had
tried to murder his wife with in-
sulin, died on July 30 in Peterbor-
ough, N.H. He was 85.
The cause was complications
of pneumonia, his daughter Eliza-
beth Cahill Tiedemann said.
Dr. Cahill and generations of
researchers he trained “wrote a
lot of what have become the text-
books of physiology,” explaining
glucose and protein metabolism
both in normal health and in dia-
betes, said Dr. C. Ronald Kahn,
the chief academic officer at the
Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston,
where Dr. Cahill was research di-
rector from 1962 to 1978. Among his research subjects
were divinity students who were
paid $300 to fast for a week and
hibernating bears. Some of his
most important research, in the
1960s, involved tracking the blood
chemistry of people who were
trying out an experimental treat-
ment for severe obesity: total
starvation, for up to six weeks, in
the hospital. A crucial finding was that in
the first few days without food,
the liver starts breaking down
protein to make glucose to feed
the brain. But using protein as
fuel can be perilous, because it is
the stuff of vital organs and mus-
cle. But people do survive weeks of
starvation. Dr. Cahill’s study
helped explain why. After about a
week, the body makes another
shift, and instead of cannibalizing
its own proteins it starts break-
ing down fat into substances
called ketones, which can feed
the brain in place of glucose. A
natural drop in insulin is what
drives the shift to ketones, Dr.
Cahill determined. The studies transformed scien-
tists’ understanding of starvation
and the way insulin regulates
metabolism, said Dr. Joseph
Avruch, a professor of medicine
at the Harvard Medical School. On a practical level, the find-
ings helped establish the impor-
tance of dietary protein to pre-
vent organ damage in people who
are on very low-calorie diets or
who are ill or injured and not able
to eat normally, said Dr. Rudolph
Leibel, co-director of the Naomi
Berrie Diabetes Center at Colum-
bia University Medical Center. In addition, Dr. Kahn said, Dr.
Cahill helped the military formu-
late high-energy bars for emer-
gency rations.
In 1982 and 1985, Dr. Cahill was
called as an expert witness for
the prosecution in the two trials
of Mr. von Bülow for the attempt-
ed murder of his wife, Martha
(also known as Sunny). Mrs. von
Bülow was in a deep coma, pos-
sibly caused by extremely low
blood sugar. Her husband was ac-
cused of trying to kill her with in-
sulin, which lowers blood sugar. Dr. Cahill reviewed more than
two years of her medical records
and testified at the first trial that
her coma, and a prior one from
which she had recovered, were
caused by insulin. The insulin
level in her blood, he told the
court, was “out of the ballpark.” In the first trial, Mr. von Bülow
was found guilty and sentenced
to 30 years in prison. He ap-
pealed, the conviction was over-
turned, and he was tried again. At the second trial, Dr. Cahill
showed up with a pocket full of
sugar cubes, which he lined up on
the witness stand to help explain
his points. He testified that insu-
lin was the only plausible expla-
nation for Mrs. von Bülow’s
coma, but the defense lawyer
challenged him repeatedly. Finally, Dr. Cahill said, “It is so
difficult for me to answer inane
questions.” Mr. von Bülow was acquitted at
the second trial. Dr. Cahill was disappointed,
Dr. Kahn said, adding, “I think he
felt justice had not been done.”
Mrs. von Bülow died in 2008, at
76, after nearly 28 years in a
coma.
George Francis Cahill Jr. was
born in Manhattan on July 7, 1927.
His father was a urologic surgeon
at the Columbia College of Physi-
cians and Surgeons. George Jr.
attended the Hotchkiss School in
Lakeville, Conn., and entered
Yale at 16. At 17 he enlisted in the Navy as
a pharmacist’s mate and was
scheduled to take part in the in-
vasion of Japan, but the atomic
bombing of Hiroshima and Naga-
saki changed that. After the war he finished col-
lege at Yale, and in 1953 he gradu-
ated from medical school at Co-
lumbia. He went on to become a profes-
sor of medicine at Harvard, and
taught there until retiring in 1990.
From 1958 until 1978 he also did
research at the Joslin center, and
from 1962 until 1990 he was a re-
searcher and administrator for
the Howard Hughes Medical In-
stitute, which supports medical
research. Besides Ms. Tiedemann, Dr.
Cahill is survived by three other
daughters, Colleen Cahill Rem-
ley, Sarah Rhett Cahill and Eva
Wagner Cahill; two sons, Peter
duPont Cahill and George F.
Cahill III; and 15 grandchildren.
His wife of 60 years, the former
Sarah duPont, died in 2010.
In an online article, Dr. Kahn
called Dr. Cahill a “consummate
teacher” and said that when he
retired from medicine he began
teaching a biology course for
nonscientists at Dartmouth Col-
lege that was an overnight suc-
cess.
Within days of Dr. Cahill’s first
lecture, the class had to be moved
from a room that held 100 to an
auditorium that seated more than
400. Dr. George F. Cahill Jr., Diabetes Expert, Is Dead at 85
A scientist who helped
explain insulin’s role
in metabolism.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
George Cahill Jr. at the 1985
retrial of Claus von Bülow. By DOUGLAS MARTIN
“Incompetent, unlettered, un-
skilled writers sell to unexacting
editors. All of this is going com-
pletely unnoticed by an incompe-
tent readership.”
So wrote Harry Harrison in a
1990 essay that described science
fiction, the genre in which he
wrote more than 60 novels, as
“rubbish.” Some critics thought
his work helped prove the point.
Charles Platt, writing in The
Washington Post in 1984, said
that Mr. Harrison was better at
“evoking the personalities of liz-
ards than of people.”
After long success in the field
he questioned, Mr. Harrison died
in southern England on Wednes-
day at 87, according to an an-
nouncement on his Web site. Flights of fancy were Harri-
son’s stock in trade. A coal-fired
flying boat? A submarine to
Mars? No problem. He imagined
taking a time machine to the fu-
ture and finding no one there. In
his 1966 novel “Make Room!
Make Room!,” which was trans-
lated to the screen as “Soylent
Green” in 1973, he painted a dys-
topian nightmare of too many
people scrambling for too few re-
sources. For his 1984 book, “West of
Eden,” Mr. Harrison did research
for two years — interviewing bi-
ologists, anthropologists, engi-
neers, linguists and philosophers.
This is the writer who conjured
up Slippery Jim DiGriz, a k a the
Stainless Steel Rat, a raffish con
man who starred in a dozen
books over a half-century. DiGriz
steals from humans, aliens and
robots alike — though only if they
have insurance coverage. But Mr. Harrison was best
known for subverting his own
genre. In 1965 he wrote “Bill the
Galactic Hero” to satirize the mil-
itaristic perspective he saw in
“Starship Troopers” (1959), a
book by the science-fiction giant
Robert A. Heinlein. The St. James
Guide to Science Fiction Writers
called Mr. Harrison’s book “a
deeply felt antiwar statement.”
He went on to write six sequels.
Mr. Harrison employed an es-
capist form to make serious
points. “Make Room!” sketched a
desperate, overpopulated world
running out of resources. Paul R.
Ehrlich, a founder of the Zero
Population Growth movement,
wrote the introduction to the pa-
perback edition. “Soylent Green,”
directed by Richard Fleischer
and starring Charlton Heston
and Edward G. Robinson, imag-
ined that the crackers sustaining
the population were made from
the mortal remains of fellow citi-
zens. Mr. Harrison was appalled
at the film’s addition of cannibal-
ism to the plot, not least because
humans put on meat too slowly.
The crackers in the book were
made from soybeans and lentils.
In addition to averaging a nov-
el a year, Mr. Harrison wrote
about 100 short stories and a sci-
ence-fiction textbook; edited
more than 30 anthologies and a
science-fiction literary journal;
and financed a prize for writers
who had advanced the genre. His
work was translated into more
than 30 languages. He became a
cult hero in Russia.
He was elected to the Science
Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame
in 2004, and five years later the
Science Fiction Writers of Amer-
ica gave him its Damon Knight
Memorial Grand Master Award. He was born Henry Maxwell
Dempsey on March 12, 1925, in
Stamford, Conn. His father, Hen-
ry, changed their last name to
Harrison soon after Harry’s
birth. Harry did not find out until
he applied for a passport, at 30,
that his last name was still
Dempsey. He then changed it to
Harrison, except when using
Dempsey as a pseudonym.
After finishing high school he
was drafted into the Army, where
he repaired gunsight computers
and developed a hatred of the
military that inspired much of his
later writing. He studied art in
New York, then worked as an il-
lustrator and writer for pulp
magazines. He wrote scripts for
comic strips, including “Flash
Gordon.” In the 1950s he began
writing science fiction full time.
For years Mr. Harrison, who
found inspiration in the sardonic
humor of Voltaire, could not find
a publisher for an early story he
wrote, “The Streets of Ashkelon,”
about an atheist who tries to pro-
tect the inhabitants of an alien
world from the influence of a
Christian missionary. It was
eventually anthologized in the
United States and translated into
Swedish, Italian, Russian, Hun-
garian and French.
In another story, the Stainless
Steel Rat’s homicidal wife, An-
gelina, gave birth to twins who
ended up marrying the same
woman — after she had herself
duplicated, becoming two identi-
cal women sharing one mind. Mr.
Harrison’s own wife, of 48 years,
the former Joan Merkler, died in
2002. His survivors include his
children, Todd and Moira.
The Harrison family moved
often and far, living in Mexico,
Ireland, Italy, Denmark, the Unit-
ed States and finally England.
But Mr. Harrison preferred a
world with no boundaries, and for
that reason championed Espe-
ranto, the artificial international
language. He claimed, apparent-
ly with no dispute, to have writ-
ten the only science-fiction story
in Esperanto. Harry Harrison, 87, Prolific Writer of Satiric Science Fiction
JERRY BAUER
Harry Harrison, who wrote
more than 60 novels.
His book ‘Make Room!
Make Room!’ became
‘Soylent Green.’
By PAUL VITELLO
Dale Olson, a top Hollywood
publicist who protected the pub-
lic images of a throng of stars, in-
cluding Clint Eastwood, Steven
Spielberg, Shirley MacLaine,
Gene Kelly and Joan Crawford,
and who helped persuade Rock
Hudson to announce that he had
AIDS, died on Aug. 9 in Burbank,
Calif. He was 78. The cause was liver cancer, his
spouse and only survivor, Eu-
gene Harbin, said.
In a four-decade career, Mr.
Olson earned a reputation as an
expert manager of Academy
Award campaigns for clients,
several of whom won, including
Maggie Smith,for her perform-
ance in “The Prime of Miss Jean
Brodie” (1969);Robert Duvall,
for “Tender Mercies” (1983);and
Ms. MacLaine,for “Terms of En-
dearment” (1983). Mr. Olson was considered old
school in his courtliness, his
knack for leaving no fingerprints
when planting clients’ names in
boldface columns, and his unflap-
pability in the face of the unex-
pected. In 1974 he faced a plane-
load of disgruntled entertain-
ment writers who had been invit-
ed to the set of “The Klansman”
for interviews with the film’s star,
Richard Burton, and his wife,
Elizabeth Taylor. Mr. Olson gave
them the bad news first: Ms. Tay-
lor had left the night before after
quarreling with Mr. Burton. “The
good news,” he added, “is that
you will be the first to see Rich-
ard Burton after the split.”
But for volatility, nothing com-
pared with the virtual media riot
he faced in 1985 after Variety re-
ported that Mr. Hudson was dy-
ing of AIDS.Mr. Olson initially is-
sued denials, as Mr. Hudson had
instructed,but eventually per-
suaded Mr. Hudson to help de-
mystify the disease by announc-
ing that he had contracted it.
“I spoke to him and said:‘You
have a terminal disease. This is
going to affect a lot of people. And
you can be the person who can
make people aware of it,’” Mr.
Olson said in a 2001 radio in-
terview with Larry King. Mr.
Hudson’s announcement was
considered a turning point in
public perceptions about AIDS,
which until then had been largely
dismissed as a disease contract-
ed by people living at the mar-
gins.
In 1980 Mr. Olson represented
Steve McQueen when The Na-
tional Enquirer broke the news
that he had terminal cancer. He
was Natalie Wood’s publicist
when she drowned in 1981 during
a weekend boating trip. In a 2003
video interview,Mr. Olson said
that in addition to the pain he felt
over those deaths, they had un-
nerved him in another way.
“With all these clients dying,” he
said, “I sometimes worried about
my business — that I’d be known
as, you know, the Kevorkian of
publicists.”
Dale C. Olson was born on Feb.
20, 1934,outside Fargo, N.D., and
as a child moved with his family
to Portland, Ore. He told inter-
viewers that he had found his
path in life at about 14, when he
discovered he could get free tick-
ets to movies and plays by writ-
ing short reviews for the local
newspaper. After high school he
worked as a reporter for two
years before moving to Holly-
wood to write for Daily Variety
and other entertainment publica-
tions. He later joined the publici-
ty and marketing firm Rogers &
Cowan, where he rose to lead the
motion picture division. He left in
1985 to found his own firm. Mr. Olson, who was frequently
interviewed about this work, con-
tributed his impressions to doz-
ens of books about Hollywood.
Joan Crawford, he said,“was the
ultimate movie star.” Katharine
Hepburn was grumpy,Gene
Kelly never was. Judy Garland
“was so terrified of being left
alone,you couldn’t leave until
she passed out.”
Mae West, he said, generously
granted him his first interview
when he arrived in Hollywood. In
Charlotte Chandler’s biography
of Ms. West,he recounts that she
returned the message he had left
at her hotel. “How old are you?” she asked. “Nineteen,” he replied.
“That’s a very nice age,” Ms.
West said, and arranged for him
to come by.
Dale Olson, 78, Veteran Hollywood Publicist BILL DOW/THE ACTORS FUND
Dale Olson at an awards party
in Los Angeles in 2010.
Clint Eastwood and
Steven Spielberg were
among his clients.
BRINKER—Eugene.
Died peacefully at home at
age 95 on August 16,2012.A
retired first vice president
with Bankers Trust,his pro-
fessional career spanned al-
most 50 years.Born August 8,
1917,in New Rochelle,NY,he
attended NYU and completed
graduate courses in banking
and credit at Dartmouth.A
proud army veteran of World
War II,he held the rank of
captain upon his discharge in
1945.He was an avid skier,
and was passionate about
theatre,cabaret and jazz.He
is survived by his loving wife
of 30 years,Audrey Hayes
Brinker;sister,Anne Adler,
Baltimore;two children from
a previous marriage,Marc
Houston,Hawaii,and Nancy
Hertz (Ralph),Briarcliff
Manor,NY;granddaughter
Mary Beth Hertz,Philadel-
phia;and grandson Ralph
Hertz,Briarcliff Manor,NY.
Family will receive visitors at
the John Krtil Funeral Home,
1297 First Ave (69th/70th) on
Saturday,August 18,from 3:00
to 7:00.Funeral services will
be held there Sunday,on Au-
gust 19 at 10:30,with burial to
follow at Cedar Park Ceme-
tery,NJ.In lieu of flowers,
contributions may be made to
a charity of choice.
CHARLIP—Remy.We mourn
the loss of our beloved
cousin.Artist,writer,dancer,
choreographer,and teacher.
With his powerful spirit,
Remy created and inspired
love.
The Baumel Family
EARNEST—Ruth Stern Glass,
passed away August 16th af-
ter a long illness.Beloved
wife of Allen Jerome Earnest,
mother of Abraham and
David Glass,grandmother of
Molly and Madeline Glass,
and sister of Ernest L.Stern.
She also had a daughter-in-
law Amy Glass and sister-in-
law Barbara Stern.Ruth was
a teacher in the New York
City public school system,and
the author of a memoir,"The
Gate,"recounting her child-
hood in Nazi Germany.She
took part for many years in a
writing workshop at Sarah
Lawrence College,and was a
beloved friend and member
of a subsequent writing group
and book club.She will be
sorely missed by all who
knew her.
GERRY—Walter J.,90,of
Trumbull,CT,died on August
16,2012,peacefully at his
home.Born in Bronx,NY,son
of the late Benjamin and
Elsie Gerry,he is survived by
his beloved wife of 66 years,
Miriam Taishoff Gerry;three
children Alexandra (Randi) of
Norwalk,CT,Thomas of
Round Top,NY,and Patricia
Gerry Campbell of Newtown,
CT;and his sister Roberta
Gerry of New York City.He
leaves three grandchildren
Dylan and Kaitlyn Gerry and
Alexander Campbell;his son-
in-law William Campbell and
daughter-in-law Brenda D.
Gerry;two great-grandchil-
dren Angelina and Dylan Ger-
ry.He is predeceased by his
grandson Joshua Gerry.A
graduate of NYU,he served
in the Army during World
War II.Walt worked in the fi-
nancial/accounting depart-
ments of Burndy,Pfizer,Na-
tional Starch,J.T.Baker
Chemical Co.and Consolidat-
ed Packaging Corp.He left
the business world to enter
the teaching profession,his
long-time love.A long-time
resident of Newtown then
Norwalk,CT,Walt taught ac-
counting and business at
Housatonic Community Col-
lege in Bridgeport,CT for
over 25 years,where he
earned the rank of full profes-
sor.After retiring,he taught
off-campus programs through
Norwalk Community College.
Visiting hours are Saturday,
August 18th from 2 to 5pm at
Green Funeral Home,57
Main St.Danbury,CT.A
memorial service will be held
at Green Funeral Home,on
Sunday at 2pm.In lieu of
flowers,contributions may be
made to Sts.Peter and Paul
Orthodox Church,93 Dodging-
town Road,Bethel,CT 06801.
ISIDORE-SACCOCIO—Marian,
of Greenwich Village and
East Quogue,NY,died Au-
gust 15.Known for her
warmth and sense of humor,
she loved and was loved
by a large extended family.
Survived by her brother,
Anthony Isidore,sister-in-law,
Rosemary Fairchild,nephews
Chris and Adam Isidore,
nieces Carol Kokinda,Mary
Sorge,stepchildren Robert
Saccocio,Barbara Penkosky,
Sandy Marquez,and many
other loving relatives.Prede-
ceased by her husband
Frank Saccocio.A native of
East Rochester,NY,“Mairz”
moved to Greenwich Village
in the 1950s and fell in love
with neighborhood and NYC.
She rose to head librarian at
major firms,including the
American Stock Exchange,
Shearman & Sterling and
Brookfield Office Properties
and served as president of
her co-op board.Services
10:30am.Saturday September
8,at Church of St.Rosalie,
Hampton Bays,NY.In lieu
of flowers,please donate to
Alzheimer's Foundation.
KASSIS—Henry Joseph,age
78,longtime resident of New
York City,died on August 16,
2012 after a valiant battle with
cancer.He will be profoundly
missed.Beloved husband of
Barbara Massey Kassis of
New York,NY;loving father
of Richard George Kassis and
his wife Krista Ormond
Kassis of Bedford,NY;and
proud grandfather of Isabella
Rose and Joseph Kohl Kassis.
Henry also leaves behind
many wonderful cousins,
nieces,nephews and friends.
A graduate of New York Uni-
versity,he was Chairman of
Kassis Management,Inc,and
assembled a number of pres-
tigious properties in New
York City.Calling hours will
be at Frank E.Campbell
Funeral Home on Sunday,
August 19th from 2-5pm and
7-9pm.A mass of Christian
burial will be held at Church
of Our Savior (38th and Park
Avenue) at 10:00am on Mon-
day,August 20th.Following
funeral services,burial will
take place at St.Charles
Cemetery in Farmingdale,
Long Island.In lieu of flowers,
please consider contributions
in Henry's memory to:VN-
SNY Hospice and Pallative
Care,1250 Broadway,7th
Floor,New York,NY,10001,
c/o:Janet King.
KING—Esther (Lieberman).
Beloved wife of Dr.Harry
King.Devoted mother of
Richard,Kenneth and
Nanette.Grandmother and
great-grandmother.Sister of
Philip,Lillian and Joyce.Fu-
neral services will be held on
Sunday August 19th at 10am
at Riverside-Nassau North
Chapel,55 North Station
Plaza,Great Neck,NY.Shiva
will be observed through
Thursday,August 23.
LINDENBAUM—Samuel H.,77
years old.Died peacefully in
East Hampton,NY after a
long illness.Beloved husband
of Linda;devoted father of
Erica Tishman and Laurie
Lindenbaum;father-in-law of
Steven Tishman and Bob
Horne;cherished grandfather
of Adam,Stuart,Julia,Sarah,
Max and Rachel.Sandy was
a brilliant real estate attor-
ney,whose knowledge,skill,
and widsom was respected by
the entire real estate commu-
nity.A true New Yorker,
Sandy gave endlessly of his
time,energy and expertise to
so many people and charita-
ble organizations.He will be
greatly missed by his family,
friends and colleagues.Funer-
al services to be held on
Monday,August 20th at noon,
Central Synagogue,55th St.
and Lexington Ave.,NYC.
LINDENBAUM—Sandy.The
governors,members and
staff of The Real Estate
Board of New York mourn
the passing of Sandy Linden-
baum.Sandy was our indus-
try's leading land use and
zoning attorney and provided
the highest level of profes-
sional advice for many of our
city's most prominent com-
mercial and residential devel-
opments as well as New
York's cultural,religious and
educational institutions such
as Carnegie Hall,Columbia
University,the Museum of
Modern Art,the Archdiocese
of New York,the Guggen-
heim Museum and the Weil
Cornell Medical College.
Sandy was a REBNY mem-
ber for over 36 years,serving
on the Board of Governors
since 1988 and on the Execu-
tive Committee as Vice Presi-
dent from 1994.Sandy was
honored by our industry when
he received two of REBNY's
most prestigious awards- the
Kenneth R.Gerrety Humani-
tarian Award in 1999 and in
2010,the Harry B.Helmsley
Distinguished New Yorker
Award.We extend our heart-
felt condolences to his wife
Linda and the entire Linden-
baum family.
Mary Ann Tighe
Chairman
Steven Spinola
President
NUSBAUM—Abby,on August
12 in San Francisco at 79.
She was born in New York
City and lived there most of
her life.She graduated with
a Bachelor's degree from
Barnard College and worked
in publishing and trade
school administration prior
to her retirement.She loved
art and travel and had lived
overseas in England and
Panama,but was always
happy to return home to
New York.She is survived
by her daughters,Jenny and
Rachael,son-in-law,Mark,
granddaughter,Eva,brother,
Stuart,and sister-in-law,Bar-
bara.She is loved and will
be greatly missed.Memorial
services will be held in San
Francisco and New York
City.Please send contribu-
tions to the ASPCA.
PEY—Derek C.,of Paris,
France,formerly of Short
Hills,NJ and Rio de Janeiro
passed away peacefully on
July 17,2012 and was in-
terred at the Cimetiere de
Terre-Cabade in Toulouse,
France.Born May 27,1921 in
Rijswijk,the Netherlands,he
was predeceased by Joan
Foster Pey,mother of his
surviving sons Matthew
(Deborah),Mark (Bibi),
Jonathan (Susan),Christo-
pher and nine grandchildren.
He is also survived by his
wife Sylvie de Turckheim.
Graduate of University of
Leiden and Harvard Busi-
ness School.Member of
Dutch WWII resistance
movement,his banking ca-
reer with Marine Midland
and Interunion Banque
(Paris) spanned the globe.
Avid chef,painter and world
traveler,Derek will be great-
ly missed.
RUBENSTEIN—Benjamin,79,
of Yonkers,NY and Pompano
Beach,FL passed away
peacefully at home Wednes-
day August 8,2012.He is sur-
vived by his beloved wife of
50 years Gloria,his children
Leslie,Richard and Andrew,
his children-in-law Gene,
Michele and George,and his
grandchildren Magdalena,
Emma,Henry,Katharine and
Caroline.He is predeceased
by his grandson Benjamin
Maximilian.A wonderful hus-
band,father and grandfather,
he was greatly loved and will
be sorely missed.
Beecher, Leonora
Berman, Kenneth
Brinker, Eugene
Charlip, Remy
Earnest, Ruth
Gerry, Walter
Isidore-Saccocio, M.
Kassis, Henry
King, Esther
Lindenbaum, Samuel
Nusbaum, Abby
Pey, Derek
Rubenstein, Benjamin
Swerdloff, Bluma
Warner, Henry
BEECHER—Leonora,died on
August 16,2012.Beloved wife
of Arthur.Devoted mother of
William Beecher and Caren
Beecher and beloved mother-
in-law of Patricia Budziak.
Cherished grandmother of
Alexander,Marcus and
Emma.Sister of Rhea Harris.
Funeral Services Sunday
11:30am at Riverside-Nassau
North Chapels,55 North Sta-
tion Plaza (Opposite LIRR),
Great Neck,NY.
BERMAN—Kenneth Lloyd,72,
died on August 15,2012 in his
sleep.He is survived by his
wife,Allene,daughters An-
drea and Jillian,granddaugh-
ter Alexandra,brothers David
and William,and sister Nan-
cy.A financial advisor for
over 40 years,he loved his
family,career and life with an
unmatched enthusiasm,pas-
sion and humor.He was a
tireless giver,dedicated to en-
riching every community he
was a part of — the Jewish
community,the local commu-
nity,and the broader commu-
nity through his volunteer ef-
forts over 25 years at soup
kitchens and area hospitals.
Every person who he touched
was forever changed by him.
He will be missed terribly.Fu-
neral service Sunday,August
19,11:00am at Congregation
Kneses Tifereth Israel,575
King Street,Port Chester,NY.
In lieu of flowers,donations
may be made to Grace
Church Community Center,33
Orchard Street,White Plains,
NY 10603.
SWERDLOFF—Bluma,D.S.W.
The Columbia University Cen-
ter for Psychoanalytic Train-
ing and Research and the As-
sociation for Psychoanalytic
Medicine mourn the loss of
our distinguished colleague,a
pioneering oral historian who
we were proud to have on
staff.We extend our heartfelt
condolences to her children
and family.
Eric R.Marcus,M.D.
Director,
CU Psychoanalytic Center
Henry P.Schwartz,M.D.,
President,APM
WARNER—Henry Goldsmith.
Beloved and loving husband
of Lucille and father of Marc
Warner and Alison Smela,
loving grandfather of Susan
and Emily Smela,Jeffrey and
Douglas Warner.
CHRISTMAN—HenryM.
You gave me life,love,Henry.
Abraham
GOODGOLD—Sally.
Dearest Mom,one long heart-
breaking year without you.I
needed you.More in Sunday's
August 19thNewYorkTimes.
Love,Iris
KLEIN-SHAPIRO—AmyS.
Today on your 60th Birthday we
remember the wonderful times
that we shared together as a
family.
MITCHELL—Robert D.
August 18,2006
Missedeveryday.
Lauri
SLATER—KathleenKuhn
Dec.29,1946 - Aug.18,2011
Though gone from us forever,
you are always in our thoughts
andhearts.
Withenduringlove,Mike,
Nathaniel,AaronandAlexis
Deaths
Deaths
Deaths
In Memoriam
C1
N
SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 2012
By JOHN WILLIAMS
In the front window of the Drama Book
Shop,on 40th Street in Midtown Manhat-
tan,there is a sign that reads,“Playwright
working,” with an arrow pointing down to
just that. At 3:30 on a recent Friday af-
ternoon, the featured writer was Hilary
Bettis, one of 76 participants in Write Out
Front, a three-week project continuing
through Sept. 1.
In two-hour shifts the writers work on
new plays, with a screen shot of their
words visible to passers-by. Micheline Au-
ger, who runs the blog Theaterspeak,came
up with the idea. The project echoes
Suzan-Lori Parks’s “Watch Me Work,” an
event at the 2011 Under the Radar Festival
during which Ms. Parks labored on a
project in the lobby of the Public Theater.
Ms. Bettis said she was given no guide-
lines, meaning she could check Facebook if
she needed a breather. But though Write
Out Front is meant to shed light on a pri-
vate process, Ms. Bettis said that she often
wrote from midnight to 5 a.m., and that
certain common activities — like “pacing
around in my underwear” or picking up a
violin to play her way through a bit of writ-
er’s block — would not be on display.
Ms. Auger said she hoped to expand the
project next year, with writers in the win-
dow 24 hours a day,and the proceedings
streamed online with a “playwright cam.”
For now, the audience of pedestrians
was enough to give Ms. Bettis pause. “I’m
a brutally honest, dark writer,” she said,
“so there’s a little of, ‘I don’t know if this is
appropriate language for children, but I’m
going to type these words anyway.’”
It’s a concern that might be shared by
Stephen Adly Guirgis, who wrote “The
___________ With the Hat,” which played
Broadway last season. He will be in the
window from 3 to 5 p.m. on Thursday.
EARL WILSON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Where Playwrights Take Center Stage
Hilary Bettis in the window of the
Drama Book Shop, where she is taking
part in the program Write Out Front.
One of gaming’s greatest heroes, Super
Mario, must rescue Princess Peach for the
umpteenth time in New Super Mario Bros. 2,a
fresh game from the Japanese
developers at Nintendo who
have been creating interactive
adventures for their plumber
protagonist for more than a gen-
eration.
Mario’s adventures continue
to look like kids’ stuff: all bright colors,peppy
music and dumpy hero rescuing the girl. They
are, however, among the most mature cre-
ations in video games. That they eschew a nar-
rative for grown-ups is just another sign that
Nintendo designers reject plot as something
that matters much in this realm. The Mario adventures also do nothing to
further a medium’s supposed advance toward
the emotionally compelling, the realistic or the
cinematic. They instead re-emerge every few
years as exemplars of the philosophy that the
best games — be they Mario’s travels, profes-
sional sports or Texas Hold ’Em — are both a
concoction of well-balanced rules and an invi-
tation for players to obey, bend or break those
rules. The gamer’s enjoyment is a byproduct
of that process.
The latest installment, New Super Mario
Bros. 2 (to be released on Sunday for the Nin-
tendo 3DS and rated E for Everyone),follows
the familiar path established with Super Mario
Bros. in 1985,and tended with a string of hit se-
Back to His Old Stomping Ground
Continued on Page 5
New Super Mario Bros. 2
Images fromthis latest
installment of the Mario adventures, to be
released on Sunday for the Nintendo 3DS.
STEPHEN
TOTILO
VIDEO GAME
REVIEW
NINTENDO
The performers who appear in the
Downtown Dance Festival each year
aren’t stellar. Many aren’t
professional; quite a num-
ber aren’t adults. On the
wrong day, too high a pro-
portion of a mixed bill can
be lackluster or foolish. The
good programs, however,
have often proved more than refresh-
ing: they can be revelatory. As a perma-
nent tourist in New York, I’m more than
happy to sit in the open air near the
southern tip of Manhattan. As a perma-
nent student, I’m grateful when unfa-
miliar forms of dance teach me some-
thing new. One program this summer
has shown me about important aspects
of America I’d overlooked.
I attended two programs this week,
on Sunday and Thursday. Whereas
most of the Downtown presentations
are mixed bills, Thursday’s event be-
longed to one company and one subject
alone: Vanaver Caravan was honoring
the centennial of Woody Guthrie in live
music and dance. Because my own folk roots are Brit-
ish, I’d long overlooked Guthrie and the
folk strains he represents; I’d tended to
go along too readily with the Gershwin
song that says, “The real American folk
song is a rag.” And so I arrived at this
Guthrie tribute ready to resist or conde-
scend. Instead I was quickly over-
whelmed; my eyes repeatedly filled
with tears.
Titled “Pastures of Plenty,” this 90-
minute tribute seamlessly embraced
many facets of Guthrie’s America: the
hobo vision, the affection for children
and innocence, the Dust Bowl ballads,
the compassion and anger caused by in-
justice, the loyalty to music itself as a
life force.
Many of the lines are famous. “We
come with the dust and we go with the
wind.” “If you ain’t got the do re mi.” Woody Guthrie, Choreographer’s Muse
SARA KRULWICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES Downtown Dance Festival
Members of the Vanaver Caravan performing in
“Pastures of Plenty,” a tribute to Woody
Guthrie at One New York Plaza.
ALASTAIR
MACAULAY DANCE
REVIEW Continued on Page 5
By RAPHAEL MINDER
MADRID — Two events in Picasso’s life, a
quarter of a century apart, are at the heart of
new movies by two of Spain’s veteran directors. Carlos Saura is preparing “33 Días” (“33
Days”), which will focus on the artist’s emotion-
al upheaval in 1937, when he painted “Guernica,”
his harrowing representation of the bombing of
a Basque town that has come to symbolize the
outrage of warfare. And in the autumn Fernando Colomo is to re-
lease “La Banda Picasso” (“Picasso’s Gang”)
about how Picasso found himself entangled in
the stunning theft of the Mona Lisa from the
Louvre in Paris in 1911. While the Mona Lisa was eventually recov-
ered and found to have been stolen by a Louvre
employee, Picasso was initially suspected of
having taken part in the theft, which affected his
relationship with some of the other artists work-
ing in Paris. It destroyed his friendship with Guillaume
Apollinaire, the French poet who helped clear
Picasso of any involvement but who was forced
to accept responsibility for another art theft. Turbulent relationships also marked Picasso’s
life at the start of 1937, when he accepted a com-
mission for the Paris Universal Exposition from
the Republican government of Spain, then fight-
ing a civil war against the Fascist troops of Gen.
Francisco Franco. Picasso’s personal life was
also in disarray: He was neglecting his wife, the
Russian dancer Olga Khokhlova, and was in-
volved with two mistresses: Marie-Thérèse Wal-
ter and Dora Maar. “The scope of this ‘Guernica’ project got a lot
broader after looking more closely at this huge Picasso’s Life Inspires Two Films
Continued on Page 7
By JOHN WILLIAMS
Soon after he published “On the Origin of Spe-
cies,” Charles Darwin was accused of neglecting
to mention the thinkers who had helped to shape
evolutionary theory before him. He scrambled to
put together a list of predecessors that would be
added to future editions of his book. In “Dar-
win’s Ghosts” Rebecca Stott tells the story of
those predecessors’ work,from the empirical re-
search of Aristotle to the studies of Alfred Russel
Wallace, who was piecing together the science
around the same time as Darwin. In The New York Times Book ReviewHugh
Raffles called the book an “absorbing account,”
with a narrative that “flows easily across conti-
nents and centuries.” In a recent e-mail inter-
view, Ms. Stott discussed the roots of her inter-
est in Darwin, the reasons Wallace played sec-
ond fiddle without complaint,and more. Below
are edited excerpts from the conversation:
Q.
The very first sentence of your book is,“I
grew up in a creationist household.” How much
did that drive your interest in Darwin?
A. Darwin was described as the mouthpiece of
Satan in the fundamentalist Christian communi-
ty in which I was raised. His ideas were cen-
sored, and of course censorship can act as a kind
of provocation to curiosity. The school library
had a good encyclopedia with several pages on
Darwin. I can’t say I understood much of his
ideas back then, but I understood enough to be AWORD WITH: REBECCA STOTT
On the Origin
Of Darwinism:
A Theory Evolved
Continued on Page 7
C2
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Britain Bars Export of a Picasso
The British government has placed a temporary export ban on a
privately owned Picasso “Blue Period” painting, saying that the work
— made in 1901 and on loan for decades to the National Gallery in Lon-
don from the collection of a wealthy family — has become too impor-
tant to Britain’s national heritage to allow it to be sold and to leave the
country. Reuters reported that in March Christie’s auction house con-
firmed that it had been instructed by the owners to find a buyer for a
private sale of the painting, “Child With a Dove,” left. Edward Vaizey,
the British culture minister, said on Friday that he was preventing the
work from leaving the country until Dec. 16, and, if a serious attempt
to meet the asking price was made by a private buyer or institution
outside Britain, until June 16, 2013, according to Reuters. “This will
provide a last chance to raise the money to keep the painting in the
United Kingdom,” the Department for Culture, Media and Sport said
in a statement. British law allows for such export bans and provides
ways to give public institutions a chance to buy works at less than the
market price. This month an important Manet painting bought by a
collector outside Britain was prevented from leaving and was later
sold to the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford. RANDY KENNEDY
AMC Adds Reality Shows
While AMC is perhaps best
known for scripted dramas like
“Mad Men” and “Breaking Bad,”
this cable channel is continuing
to add to its roster of unscripted
series — you might also call them
reality shows — for those hours
when Don Draper and Walter
White are taking it easy. Joining
its existing reality programs like
“Comic Book Men,” above, and
“Small Town Security,” AMC
said, will be two as-yet-untitled
shows, one that will chronicle the
field of taxidermy,and the other
set at Venice Beach in California.
In a news release AMC said
the taxidermy show would be a
“hosted competition series” in
which participants “pulled from
both the rogue and classic
schools of taxidermy” would be
called upon “to create a distinct
piece of art that is judged on
overall presentation, creativity
and technique.” The other series,
it said, will followthe music pro-
ducer Todd Ray and his family
“as they own and operate the
world famous Venice Beach
Freakshow, a museum that ex-
hibits strange creatures, living
oddities and human attractions.” Both shows have been ordered
for eight half-hour episodes and
will be shown early next year.
For those viewers who can’t get
enough of the marketing and pro-
motion world, AMC said it was
also ordering a second season of
its reality series “The Pitch,”
which is set in the field of (mod-
ern-day) advertising.
Hammer Museum Awards
Its New Art Prize
The people have spoken, and
the winner is: Meleko Mokgosi.
Mr. Mokgosi, below, a painter
who was born in Botswana and
who has lived and worked re-
cently in New York, is the recipi-
ent of the inaugural Mohn
Award, a prize given by the Ham-
mer Museum in Los Angeles,
whose winner
is chosen, reali-
ty-television-
style, by mu-
seumgoers
from a pool se-
lected by art
professionals.
The award is
underwritten
by Jarl Mohn, an art collector
and former MTV executive who
helped found the E! network, and
his wife, Pamela. It will provide
Mr. Mokgosi, 30, with $100,000
over two years.
The award will include the
publication of a monograph
about his work, which often deals
with contemporary political and
social issues in Africa. A jury of
curators selected him and four
other finalists from among the 60
artists whose work is included in
the exhibition “Made in L.A.
2012,” a new biennial that opened
in June at the Hammer.
RANDY KENNEDY
Mary McCann Will Star
In ‘Harper Regan’
The coming Off Broadway pre-
miere of “Harper Regan,” a criti-
cally acclaimed British play
about family alienation and the
limits of loyalty, will star Mary
McCann,left,
as the title
character, one
of the richest
female roles in
New York thea-
ter this fall. Ms.
McCann, a
founding mem-
ber of the At-
lantic Theater Company, worked
last summer with the “Harper
Regan” playwright, Simon Ste-
phens, in the theater’s produc-
tion of his play “Bluebird,” which
starred Simon Russell Beale.
“Harper Regan” will run at the
Atlantic as well, with preview
performances beginning on Sept.
20 and opening night on Oct. 10.
The play’s cast also includes Gar-
eth Saxe as Harper’s troubled
husband, Mary Beth Peil as her
brittle mother, and Madeleine
Martin as Harper’s precocious
daughter; Ms. Martin played the
pot-smoking teenage daughter in
“August: Osage County” on
Broadway. The director is Gaye
Taylor Upchurch, who also
staged “Bluebird” with Ms.
McCann. PATRICK HEALY
Michael J. Fox
May Return to TV
Michael J. Fox,who starred on
the sitcom “Spin City” in the
1990s but stepped aside in 2000 as
the symptoms of his Parkinson’s
disease worsened, may return to
network television next year.
Sony Pictures Television is devel-
oping a sitcom that would feature
Mr. Fox, below,for the television
season that starts in the fall of
2013, according
to an executive
with direct
knowledge of
the matter. The
person insisted
on anonymity
because the
project had not
been publicly
announced by Sony.
All four major broadcast net-
works are interested in bidding
on the project, according to the
entertainment Web site Vulture
.com, which was the first to re-
port on it. Parkinson’s disease
was diagnosed in Mr. Fox in 1991.
He later founded a nonprofit or-
ganization to provide financing
for a search for a cure. This year
he said in an ABC News inter-
view that a new combination of
drugs had helped him control his
tics and tremors. As a result, he
said, he had started to accept
more acting work, including
guest appearances on “Curb
Your Enthusiasm” and “The
Good Wife.” BRIANSTELTER
Indianapolis Museum Names New Director
The Indian-
apolis Museum
of Art has cho-
sen a new di-
rector, the mu-
seum’s board
announced.
Charles L. Ven-
able,right, who
has served for the last five years
as the director and chief execu-
tive of the Speed Art Museum in
Louisville, Ky., will succeed Max-
well L. Anderson,who left Indi-
anapolis this year to take over
the Dallas Museum of Art. Mr.
Venable, who will begin in the
new job on Oct. 8, has served in
curatorial and administrative
roles at the Cleveland Museum of
Art and at the Dallas Museum of
Art, whose decorative art and de-
sign collection he helped to ex-
pand into one of the most impor-
tant in the country.
RANDY KENNEDY
Director Plans Pinter With a Nightly Twist
Most actors have enough lay-
ers to explore with just one char-
acter in “Old Times,” an enigmat-
ic 1971 play about identity and
fractured memories by Harold
Pinter.But the theater director
Ian Rickson has thrown down a
challenge to Kristin Scott Thom-
as and Lia Williams, the leading
ladies for a coming London re-
vival of “Old Times” — they will
alternate in the roles of Kate and
Anna, old friends who have not
seen each other in 20 years. In a
telephone interviewMr. Rickson
suggested that a coin might be
tossed right before some per-
formances to keep the actresses,
and audiences, on their toes
about who will play which role. “I love a good creative chal-
lenge, and so do Kristin and Lia,
where we can’t grow too comfort-
able onstage with preconceived
expectations,” said Mr. Rickson,
who directed the Tony-nominat-
ed “Jerusalem” on Broadway last
year. The plan was first reported
in The Daily Mail in London.The
production has yet to be officially
announced, but rehearsals are
expected to begin in November
and performances in early 2013. PATRICK HEALY
Arts, Briefly
Compiled by Dave Itzkoff DAVID MOIR/REUTERS
DANE POTTER/AMC
The Sweet Spot A.O. Scott and
David Carr discuss the continu-
ing success of artists from the
baby boom generation, like Meryl
Streep and Bruce Spring-
steen: nytimes.com/arts.
ON THE WEB
www.nytimes.com
N
C3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Following are reviews of
productions at the New York
International Fringe Festival,
which runs through Aug. 26.
Information: fringenyc.org.
2 Households, 2 ____
Shakespeare’s R&J
SoHo Playhouse
15 Vandam Street, South Village
(866) 468-7619
Through Sunday Follow me here: I was moved
by seeing a man in the role of a
young woman being kissed by a
second guy, playing a teenage
boy, who minutes earlier por-
trayed an old lady. And that
wasn’t the only instance of unex-
pected emotion in “2 Households,
2 ________: Shakespeare’s R&J,”
a pretty good show despite a fair-
ly bad (and unprintable) title.
In the play, Aaron Muñoz and
Sam Muñoz (they are not relat-
ed) take on some 20 characters in
their hourlong, two-man version
of “Romeo and Juliet.” It’s a rea-
sonably faithful adaptation, treat-
ing the famous speeches and
scenes with due reverence while
accentuating the ample humor.
That humor becomes all the
funnier with the constant charac-
ter switching. It is delightfully
confusing to find yourself con-
vinced of a young woman’s infat-
uation, only to do a double-take
when realizing that she is in fact
portrayed by a rotund man. Such
casting, standard in Shake-
speare’s time, is rare today and
smartly managed by these dex-
terous actors.
Serious moments are similarly
well handled. The murder of Mer-
cutio is angry and intense, while
the balcony scene is gentle and
sweet. Swordplay and fistfights
are surprisingly exciting.
To be sure, “2 Households” oc-
casionally sacrifices clarity for
speed; it can seem as if the words
were being rushed through rath-
er than savored. And the two
men, who together adapted and
directed the play, would benefit
from an outside hand to help
them rein in a few scattershot
sections.
But over all the show, on a bare
stage at the SoHo Playhouse, is
nicely conceived and performed.
It’s also clever without being too
gimmicky.
Except for that tacky title. KENJAWOROWSKI
Becoming Liv Ullmann
First Floor Theater
La MaMa ETC
74A East Fourth Street,
East Village
(866) 468-7619
Through Aug. 26
Liv Ullmann hasn’t been seen
much around these parts since
2009, when the production of “A
Streetcar Named Desire” she di-
rected at the Brooklyn Academy
of Music played to rave reviews.
Now this great actress returns to
New York, albeit in name only,
as Crystal Finn performs “Be-
coming Liv Ullmann” at La
MaMa ETC. Ms. Finn explains that she has
been distraught ever since her
boyfriend,Ezra,left her for a
more stable, more accomplished,
more marriage-worthy woman.
Since Ms.Ullmann was Ezra’s
first teenage crush, Ms. Finn fig-
ures that she is the way to win
him back. The show is her way of
preparing for the lunch date
where she’ll be the girl of his
dreams.
“Becoming another person is a
lot of work,” she notes. “Some
people might just go out and buy
a Liv Ullmann mask and call it a
day.” Or a biography. But not Ms.
Finn.
That’s the joke: she knows
nothing about Ms. Ullmann. As
she says, her “cursory research”
had been unable to determine
whether Ms. Ullmann has any
children (one daughter) or if she
is still alive (she is), let alone
where she comes from. (Ms.
Finn initially bets on Kansas.) Nor is she exactly aware of
which films Ms. Ullmann acted
in, though she’s certain “The
Seventh Seal” is one. (It isn’t.)
And Ingmar Bergman is in the
mix somewhere, this much she’s
sure, but it’s hard to ferret out
his films — “they’re not even on
Netflix Instant Watch.” The gag seems as if it would
run out of gas quickly,but Ms.
Finn builds the sketch well; half-
way through, she’s aided by a
plant in the audience who
changes the tempo nicely.
Mainly, she writes with a
sharp edge and delivers her lines
with a comic’s polish, making us
laugh and even empathize with
her scattered, clueless, crazy
character, an effort that Ms. Ull-
mann herself would no doubt re-
spect.
DANIEL M.GOLD
Tail! Spin!
Kraine Theater
We need more Rachel Dratch
in our lives. That former “Saturday Night
Live” star manages to upstage a
quartet of heavy-breathing politi-
cians in the clever “Tail! Spin!”
And one of them is Anthony Wei-
ner.
Mario Correa’s play draws on
verbatim remarks from four men
whose political careers were de-
railed by hypocrisy: the New
York congressman Mr. Weiner,
he of the Facebook flirtations and
underwear Twitpics; Gov.Mark
Sanford of South Carolina,who
skedaddled to join his “soul
mate” in Argentina, leaving a
spokesman to announce that he
was wandering the Appalachian
Trail; and Senator Larry Craig,
Republican of Idaho,whose
“wide stance” in a Minneapolis
airport bathroom drew unwant-
ed police attention. Such scandals seem to arrive
so regularly now that it takes a
while even to remember the
fourth: Representative Mark Fo-
ley,Republican of Florida, whose
text messages to a former Con-
gressional page are delivered
with wolfish glee by Dan
Hodapp. He’s well matched by Sean
Dugan as the supercilious Mr.
Craig; Nate Smith as the leering
Mr. Weiner; and Mo Rocca as the
peculiarly clueless Mr. Sanford.
(They double as cops, journalists
and political advisers too.) Playing the various “Wives,
Tails, Beards & Barbara Wal-
ters” who defend, implicate or in-
terrogate the politicians, Ms.
Dratch reminds us why she’s
such an undersung comic treas-
ure. Her Jenny Sanford is a tri-
umph of deadpan spitefulness,
and her quick switches between
Mr. Weiner’s e-partners, includ-
ing a smiley stripper and a hard-
boiled blackjack dealer, are espe-
cially delicious. Mr. Correa shrewdly sets the
various confessions and evasions
in counterpoint, so the stories
echo without growing tiresome,
and the production’s director,
Dan Knechtges, keeps things
moving at a rapid clip. Will our leaders ever learn?
“Tail! Spin!’’ (which finished its
brief,sold-out Fringe Festival
run on Thursday) gleefully an-
swers: Not very likely. SCOTT HELLER
Theater in Review
DIXIE SHERIDAN
Sam Muñoz, top,and Aaron Muñoz in 2 Households, 2 ________ at the SoHo Playhouse.
C4
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THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
spade queen. South ruffed in the
dummy, ran the club queen suc-
cessfully, drew the last trump,
and claimed.
The German declarer called for
the club queen at Trick 2. When
Landen (East) played low
smoothly, South became worried
that if he finessed, West might
win from king-singleton or king-
doubleton and give his partner a
diamond ruff. Then the spade ace
would defeat the contract.
So not unreasonably,South
won with his club ace and contin-
ued with the club ten. But then
East won with his king, played a
spade to his partner’s ace, and
Lev (West) gave East a diamond
ruff to defeat the contract.
Plus 600 and plus 100 gave the
United States 12 imps, 5 more
than the team’s winning margin.
It was that close.
LILLE, France — At the Sec-
ond World Mind Sports Games
here, the United States open and
senior teams qualified for the
quarterfinals, which started on
Friday and will end on Saturday
at 1:20 p.m. Eastern time. The re-
sults are at worldbridge.org.
After Friday’s play, and with 48
boards to come on Saturday, the
United States open team led Swe-
den by 16 international match
points. The senior team was 73
imps ahead of Denmark.
In the round-of-16 matches that
ended on Thursday, the women’s
team (Sylvia Moss, Judi Radin,
Lynn Deas, Beth Palmer, Migry
Zur Campanile and JoAnna
Stansby) was 61 imps down to
Poland,with 16 boards to play. In
what appeared to be a relatively
flat set, the Americans almost
stole the match, but eventually
lost by 8 imps.
The open team (Nick Nickell,
Ralph Katz, Bob Hamman, Zia
Mahmood, Jeff Meckstroth and
Eric Rodwell) defeated India by
52 imps. And the seniors (Ritchie
Schwartz, Lew Finkel, Neil
Chambers, John Schermer, Steve
Landen and Sam Lev) won a
squeaker against Germany by 7
imps.
The diagramed deal, Board 58
of 64, decided the senior match.
At both tables North opened
two hearts, showing some 10 to 14
points, and South ended in five
clubs. (In the given auction, four
spades was a splinter bid, show-
ing club support and a singleton
or void in spades.)
The two Wests led a low dia-
mond, dummy’s ten taking the
trick.
Schermer immediately played
a spade to his king. West won
with his ace and gave his partner
a diamond ruff. East now led the
Phillip Alder Bridge NORTH(D)
S 7
h A Q 10 9 4 3
d A 10 6
C Q 5 2
WEST
S A J 10 3
h 8 7 5
d J 8 5 4 3
C 7
EAST
S Q 6 5 4 2
h K J 6 2
d 2
C K 9 6
SOUTH
S K 9 8
h — d K Q 9 7
C A J 10 8 4 3
Both sides were vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
— 2 h Pass 3 C
Pass 4 S Pass 5 C
Pass Pass Pass
West led the diamond four.
GREAT WINES
DELIVERED
TO YOUR DOOR
CALL 877.698.6841 OR VISIT NYTWINECLUB.COM
TO ORDER TODAY
N
C5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
“Which side are you on?” “Have
you seen that vigilante man?” “I
ain’t got no home in this world
anymore.” Quoted out of context,
they mean little; in performance,
borne on the rhythm and the
melody, they overcame any de-
fenses I might have had. And the
dances were carried on the mu-
sic.
The performance had quite ex-
traordinary charm. There were
six musicians, one of whom —
Livia Vanaver — also danced
and contributed most of the chor-
eography. Eight dancers were
listed as company members, 14
as additional “summer dance on
tour,” but there was no segrega-
tion here. It was often impossible
to know adult from youngster or
student from professional. In the
best sense, everything here was
amateur; affection, good man-
ners and objectivity shone in
equal measure. Much of the dancing was clog-
ging, but who could have
mapped the borderline when it
passed over into tap? Some of it
was soft-shoe, and much was
barefoot in the tradition associat-
ed with Isadora Duncan. There
were a few gleeful acrobatic
feats; brief quotations of Irish
footwork and East Asian ges-
ture; and plenty of couple danc-
ing. The same dancers showed
many idioms without seeming to
change gear; the stylistic inclu-
siveness was the American melt-
ing pot in action. The imagery in-
cluded aggression, defeat, exu-
berance, defiance, wind, dust and
the open road.
The spark of Joel Hanna’s tap-
ping and clogging, like the sheer
panache of his performance, was
utterly winning, but his camara-
derie was equally so. (He also
choreographed one number.)
You could see young men, wom-
en, girls and boys, all daisy-fresh
with commitment to something
they loved. I single out Miarden Jackson
and Zack Marshall. The blithe
grace with which Mr. Jackson de-
livered an air somersault and
many dance phrases was mar-
velous. The rosy-cheeked Mr.
Marshall has brilliance of foot-
work that often matches Mr.
Hanna’s, but better yet is his ef-
fortless, through-the-body wave-
like response to music — in one
simple marking step, a curve
passed up his body like a ripple. And in the “Deportees” song,
the way Marina Lopez, here
barefoot, slowly used the whole
of a musical phrase to extend an
arm gesture was a perfect image
of expressive grace. Apparently
she has performed with Vanaver
since she was 4; the current
Vanaver age range is 9 (Emilyn
Wheeler) to 69 (Bill Vanaver). Sunday’s program featured
eight companies. Best of all were
the members of the Dancewave
Company, in their midteens, per-
forming works by Andrea Miller
and Ronald K. Brown as if releas-
ing themselves. Some of the gaga
movement in Ms. Miller’s work,
with features of body-popping,
has the compulsive, helpless
quality associated with St. Vitus
dance. Tim Bendernagel and Maddie
Leonard-Rose kept claiming my
attention with the immediacy of
their performing throughout; but
in Mr. Brown’s “To Harm the
Dangerous” (excerpts from his
1995 “Lessons”), everyone shone
in individual opportunities, no-
body more powerfully than Des-
teni Edwards,who at one point
slowly rose into an upstretched
backbend, her head and arms
openly addressing the sky. By no means was everything
so fine. Buglisi Dance Theater
performed an excerpt from a
love-story work that will have its
premiere at the Joyce Theater in
2013; three male-female couples
were locked in an unbroken se-
ries of choreographically amo-
rous climaxes to the post-Rach-
maninoff strains of Steve Mar-
goshes’ music. I am afraid I got
the giggles when I checked the
work’s title: “This Is Forever.”
The five performers of Kun-
Yang Lin/Dancers, from Phila-
delphia, danced two East-meets-
West excerpts from “Mandala
Project II” drearily; to sustain
slow motion interestingly needs
more technique than was in evi-
dence here.
Exit 12 Dance Company’s
“Homecoming,” about the
spouses of soldiers in Iraq and
Afghanistan, was manipulatively
sentimental and obvious in its ef-
fects. Peridance Contemporary
Dance Company’s “I Am You,”
choreographed by Igal Perry,
was bland and underdeveloped.
The works by Phoenix Project
Dance (“Stonehenge”), Jamal
Jackson Dance Company
(“Space Coding” and “Mile 21”)
and Battery Dance Company
(“Perceptual Motion”) were all
works I have reviewed before.
But the Jackson performance,
promising the first time, has im-
proved.
And although “Perceptual Mo-
tion,” a work by the company’s
five dancers, has changed consid-
erably and remains diffuse, it is
at its most infectious in the sec-
tion called “Taste.” Sean Scantle-
bury and Bafana Solomon Matea
are irresistible performers.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY PAULA LOBO FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
From left, members of Peridance Contemporary Dance performing “I Am You”; Carmen Nicole of Battery Dance in “Perceptual Motion”; and young members of the Dancewave Company.
Woody Guthrie, Choreographer’s Downtown Muse Eiren Shuman and Olive Prince of Kun-Yang Lin/Dancers in an excerpt from “Mandala Project II” at the Downtown Dance Festival in Battery Park.
From First Arts Page
sprout one coin;others will
sprout more,but only if they are
hit a second and third time quick-
ly.
Some enemies won’t flatten
when jumped upon.Instead, if
they’re turtles, they will become
projectile weapons that can be
kicked into a row of enemies —
though these careening shells
will dangerously ricochet back if
they hit a stone or metal obstacle.
To play a Mario game is to dis-
cover these things and to chuckle
end of the leap, an enemy is run-
ning toward Mario, ready to hit
(and kill) him, that’s the develop-
er winking at the player. If the player makes the jump
and quickly does a second hop to
pounce on the enemy’s head,
then sprints onward, that’s the
player wagging an index finger
back at Nintendo,as if to say,
“Unh, unh, you didn’t fool me.”
The rules of a Mario game
have subrules. Some blocks,
when bumped from below, will
quels. All of these games are clas-
sified as side-scrolling platfor-
mers, so designated because of
the movement on the screen. The player controls Mario, a
small man in a brightly surreal,
flat and mostly horizontal world
called the Mushroom Kingdom.
That landscape is displayed like a
portion of tapestry that scrolls
through the frame of a television,
or in the case of New Super
Mario Bros. 2, the upper screen
of a portable Nintendo 3DS. Mario runs through this world
from the left. The bad guys are
creatures who march or fly in
from the right. There is another
hazard, the bottomless pit. Many
of these interrupt Mario’s smooth
running path. A good player
makes sure that Mario jumps
over all these obstacles. The plat-
forms hover just above the height
of Mario’s head. Our hero can
jump onto those platforms too.
The princess is at the right of the
final main level, awaiting rescue.
Many of society’s most suc-
cessful games are competitions
among players under guidance
fromrules made by someone
else. Mario games, however, like
other great single-player video
games, are based on the relation-
ship between the gamer and the
distant creators, in this case, the
designers who devise a new
batch of obstacle courses to navi-
gate in each sequel. The designers tend to include
delightful and mischievous sur-
prises. For example, the designer
may introduce a large expanse
that the player can span only by
directing Mario to run toward it
at full speed and leap. If, at the
while knowing that somewhere
in Japan,the people who made
the game are probably chuckling
too.
Every few years Nintendo re-
leases a new side-scrolling Super
Mario game, and each time the
company adds a minimum of
changes to the formula. In one se-
quel Mario can briefly fly or
sometimes run behind the sce-
nery like a stagehand scamper-
ing amid the props.
In another, he can ride a small
dinosaur that can shake its feet in
midair and flutter a little bit. Nat-
urally, to complicate this, the de-
signers make some of that
game’s bottomless pits wider.
Each change is more profound
than the addition of a more com-
plex story line or an enhance-
ment to the graphics might be.
The maturation with every game
involves the basic rules and the
continuing playful conversation
between creators and gamers. The most interesting advance
in New Super Mario Bros.2 is
therefore not Nintendo’s acquies-
cence to make its single-player
games more social by allowing
players to swap scores or run
through its levels together. The
exciting changes are the small,
clever additions: the new gold
flowers that let Mario toss Midas-
touch fireballs that can turn brick
blocks into coins, a move that will
backfire if Mario needs to leap
onto those blocks to reach some
important place.
Another tweak: jumping
through gold hoops makes ene-
mies toss coins at Mario. An-
other: sometimes Mario can grab
a winged gold box, put it on his
head and collect the coins that
sprout from it. But coins sprout
only while Mario moves,and he
will lose the box if he recklessly
moves into the path of an enemy. Each twist is a pleasant sur-
prise. Each twist has a catch.
New Super Mario Bros. 2 tal-
lies all the coins that players col-
lect. Players are encouraged to
fetch a million of them. If Ninten-
do were the kind of company that
made its games say something
important, the theme of New Su-
per Mario Bros. 2 might be the
pitfalls of greed. That is not how
Nintendo plays. Like all the best Mario games,
New Super Mario Bros. 2 toys
with our capacity to discover, to
understand and to adapt to a set
of elegant rules that has been
evolving for 27 years and count-
ing. Back to His Old Stomping Ground, Still Out to Rescue the Peach Princess
NINTENDO
Images from the New Super Mario Bros. 2, featuring moving ledges, gold coins and turtles that can turn into projectile weapons. From First Arts Page
In a game’s latest
installment, some
small, clever
additions.
Stephen Totilo is the editor in
chief of the gaming Web site
Kotaku.com. C6
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Hilary Kole, a singer who has
uneasily straddled the line be-
tween cabaret and jazz in her
shows at Birdland over the
years, revealed a strong pop
presence on Wednes-
day evening at 54 Be-
low,where she is ap-
pearing with a five-
piece band. After a shaky start,
she found her mojo in
a devastating performance of the
Burt Bacharach-Elvis Costello
ballad “God Give Me Strength,”
introduced in the 1996 movie
“Grace of My Heart.” It is a song
that can only register if invested
with an operatic intensity,and
Ms. Kole rose to the occasion
with an anguished performance
whose mixture of rage and grief
nearly matched the definitive re-
cording by Audra McDonald. It
was the first time I’ve heard Ms.
Kole completely let go. She brought the same fervor to
Stevie Nicks’s “Landslide” in a
full-voiced rendition that cap-
tured every nuance of this reflec-
tion on emotional destruction
and recovery. Ms. Kole explained
that until now,she had stayed
away from the singer-songwriter
canon of the 1970s and beyond.
But she demonstrated —not
only here but also in two original
numbers, “A Sliver of You” and
“Where Are the Angels,” on
which she accompanied herself
on piano — that this is exactly
where she should have been all
along. Ms. Kole explored the darker
corners of George Michael’s
“Faith” and Paul Simon’s “50
Ways to Leave Your Lover,” both
of which received hot,spicy ar-
rangements into which Ms. Kole
wove tentative vocal improvisa-
tion.
Her jazzier side remains prob-
lematic. Her band — Chris Wab-
ich on drums;Rubin Kodheli on
cello;John Hart on guitar;Paul
Gill on bass;and her arranger,
Misha Piatigorsky,on piano —
cooked up a seething samba ar-
rangement of “Cabaret.” But her
interpolations sounded like to-
ken gestures unmoored to a
rhythmic or conceptual founda-
tion. When a singer is trying this
hard to pluck notes out of the air,
the spirit of the song gets lost,
and it all sounds fussy. The same thing used to hap-
pen to Ms. Kole’s closest equiva-
lent, Jane Monheit,who has fi-
nally gained the confidence and
perspective to swing when she
improvises. When Ms. Kole gets
jazzy, she still thinks too much. STEPHEN
HOLDEN MUSIC
REVIEW Adding Stevie Nicks and Paul Simon, Then Setting the Songbook to Shuffle
MICHELLE V. AGINS/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Hilary Kole
performing her new cabaret set at 54 Below with a five-piece band and a selection of originals, pop, jazz and musical theater.
Hilary Kole performs through
Saturday at 54 Below, 254 West
54th Street, Manhattan;
(646) 476-3551, 54below.com.
FINAL 19 PERFS- ENDSSEPTEMBER2
BEST PLAY!2012 TONYAWARD
“Pulverizingly Funny!” – Variety
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
CLYBOURNE PARK
Telecharge.com/212-239-6200
Tue 7;Wed 2&7;Th 7;Fr 8;Sat 2&8;Sun 3
www.ClybournePark.com
Walter Kerr Theatre,219 West 48th St
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
FINAL 3 PERFORMANCES!
"TRACIE BENNETT is EXTRAORDINARY
as JUDY GARLAND."- TIME
END OF THE RAINBOW
By Peter Quilter,Dir.by Terry Johnson
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
EndOfTheRainbowBroadway.com
Belasco Theatre (+) 111 W.44th St.
BEST MUSICAL
2006 Tony Award Winner
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
"IT WILL RUNFORCENTURIES!"—Time
JERSEY BOYS
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Group Discounts (15+):877-536-3437
JerseyBoysBroadway.com
August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYand CAMERONMACKINTOSH
present
MARY POPPINS
Tickets &info:MaryPoppins.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St.
Today at 2 &8
2012 TONYAWARDWINNER!
Best Original Score Best Choreography
DISNEYpresents
NEWSIES
Tickets &info:NewsiesTheMusical.com
or call (866) 870-2717
Groups (15+) 800-439-9000
Mo - We 7:30;We 2;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3
Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
THE HILARIOUS
TONY-WINNINGNEWMUSICAL!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
MATTHEWBRODERICK KELLI O'HARA
NICE WORK
IF YOU CAN GET IT
Music &Lyrics by
GEORGE GERSHWIN&IRAGERSHWIN
Book by JOE DIPIETRO
Directed and Choreographed by
KATHLEENMARSHALL
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tu&Th 7;We,Fr&Sa 8;We&Sa 2;Su 3
NiceWorkOnBroadway.com
Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street
Today at 2 &8
WINNER!BEST MUSICAL
2012 TONYAWARD
ONCE
ANewMusical
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Tues 7,Wed-Sat 8,Wed &Sat 2,Sun 3
OnceMusical.com
The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
Today 2 &8,Tom'w3 - THRU9/2 ONLY!
WINNER!BEST ACTOR
JAMESCORDEN- 2012 TONYAWARD
ANational Theatre
of Great Britain Production
JAMESCORDEN
ONE MAN,TWO GUVNORS
Acomedy by RICHARDBEAN
Directed by NICHOLASHYTNER
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tue 7,Wed 2&8,Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 3
OneManTwoGuvnorsBroadway.com
Music Box Theatre (+) 239 W.45th St.
WINNER!5 TONYAWARDS
"An absurdly funny fantastical journey."
—Entertainment Weekly
PETER AND THE
STARCATCHER
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Mon-Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8
PeterandtheStarcatcher.com
Groups (12+) 877-321-0020
Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
TODAYAT 2 &8
"IMPOSSIBLE TORESIST."
-NewYork Times Critic's Pick
ROCK OF AGES
Broadway's Best Party
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Tue 7;Mon,Thu-Sat 8;Sat 2;Sun 3 &7:30
www.RockOfAgesMusical.com
Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
THRUAUG.26 ONLY!FINAL 11 PERFS!
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
"Ridiculously fun!"-NY Post
RAVEN-SYMONE in
SISTER ACT
212-239-6200 or Telecharge.com
Tu7,Wed2&8,Thur8,Fri8,Sat2&8,Sun3
SisterActBroadway.com
Broadway Theatre (+),Bway at 53rd St
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
SPIDER-MAN
TURN OFF THE DARK
877-250-2929 or Ticketmaster.com
Tu- Th 7:30;Fr &Sa 8;We 1:30;Sa 2;Su 3
SpiderManOnBroadway.com
Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
Today at 2 &8
DISNEYpresents
THE LION KING
The Landmark Musical Event
Tickets &info:LionKing.com
or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Minskoff Theatre(+),B'way &45th Street
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Visit Telecharge.comor call
212-239-6200/800-432-7250
THE PHANTOM OF
THE OPERA
Mon 8;Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2
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Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
Today at 2 &8,Tomorrowat 3
BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
ANational Theatre of
Great Britain Production
WAR HORSE
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Groups 12+:212-889-4300
WarHorseOnBroadway.com
Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
"Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster"
—The NewYork Times
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
WICKED
Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Ticketmaster.comor 877-250-2929
Groups:646-289-6885/877-321-0020
WickedtheMusical.com
Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
"SCREAMINGLYFUNNY!"- AP
"HILARIOUS!"- Entertainment Weekly
BULLET FOR ADOLF
By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman
Directed by Woody Harrelson
M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street
BulletForAdolf.com
TODAYAT 2,5&8
Cool newstuff.On stage now.
"THE SHOWROCKS!"-NYTimes
"ASENSATION!"- TIME Magazine
BLUE MANGROUP
1-800-BLUEMAN - BLUEMAN.COM
Mon-Tues 8,Wed 2&8,Thur-Fri 8,
Sat-Sun 2,5&8
Groups of 15+:(212) 260-8993
Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
THE MUSICAL HIT OF THE SEASON
EXTENDEDAGAIN!NOWTHRUSEPT 30
NewYork Times'CRITICSPICK!
"ATruly Magical Experience!"- AP
MALTBYANDSHIRE'S
CLOSER THAN EVER
Mon &Tues 7;Wed-Fri 8;Sat 2:30 &8
TIX:212 935 5820 or YorkTheatre.org
York Theatre@St.Peter's,54th E.of Lex
Today 2:30&8,Tom'w3&7-Thru 10/7 only!
"EXHILARATING!"-The NewYorker
""
(COCKFIGHTPLAY.com)
by MIKE BARTLETT
Directed by JAMESMACDONALD
The Duke on 42nd Street - 229 W.42 St.
For Tix:Dukeon42.org or 646-223-3010
Tues-Sat 8,Sun 7;Sat 2:30,Sun 3
FINAL 3 PERFS!MUST ENDTOM'W!
"YOUGOTTAHEARDOGFIGHT SING!"
—Time Out NewYork
NEWYORKMAGAZINE CRITICS'PICK
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
DOGFIGHT
Music &Lyrics by
Benj Pasek &Justin Paul
Book By Peter Duchan
Choreography by Christopher Gattelli
Directed By Joe Mantello
2ST.comor 212-246-4422
Second Stage Theatre,305 W.43rd St
Today at 2 &8
BRANDNEWEDITION!
FORBIDDEN BROADWAY:
ALIVE AND KICKING!
Tu 8,W2 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 7:30
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
ForbiddenBroadway.com
NYT Critics'Pick!"Not to be missed!"
Primary Stages presents
HARRISON,TX:THREE
PLAYS BY HORTON FOOTE
Directed by PamMacKinnon
Tue&Thu 7,Wed 2,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 3
212-279-4200/primarystages.org
59E59 Theaters,59 E.59th St.
Tonight at 2&8PM,Tomorrowat 2PM!
Signature Theatre presents
HEARTLESS
by SamShepard
directed by Daniel Aukin
Tue-Fri at 7:30;Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2
212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
Today at 2:30 &8
"ASMOKIN'-HOT NEWMUSICAL!"
- The NewYork Times
"Over-the-Top Musical Satire!"- amNY
LAST SMOKER IN AMERICA
M8,T 7,W2:30 &8,Th &F 8,Sa 2:30 &8
Telecharge.comor 212.239.6200
The Westside Theatre - 407 W.43rd St.
LastSmoker.com
"EDGY,INTIMATE ANDAUTHENTIC!"
—The NewYorker
Today at 2 &8
OLD JEWS TELLING JOKES
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8
Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Telecharge.com/212-239-6200
www.ojtjonstage.com
The Westside Theatre,407 West 43rd St.
Journey of a Rock Star Rabbi
'ACERTIFIABLE HIT!'-The Examiner
'EXHILARATING,RIVETING,HILARIOUS'
-Wall St Journal
The Life &Music of
SHLOMOCARLEBACH
Pre-Broadway Run.July 30 - Aug 19 Only
TicketCentral.comor (212)-279-4200
79 E 4th St (NewYork Theatre Workshop)
ShlomoMusical.com
Today at 3 &8
"BRILLIANT,EXUBERANT AND
INFECTIOUS."—Holden,NYTimes
STOMP
Tue-Fri at 8;Sat at 3 &8;Sun at 2 &5:30
Ticketmaster:(800) 982-2787
Groups 10+:toll free (855) 203-9980
www.stomponline.com
OrpheumTheatre,Second Ave at 8th St.
Today at 2&8,Tomorrowat 2&7:30!
Signature Theatre presents
THE TRAIN DRIVER
written and directed by
Athol Fugard
Tue-Fri at 7:30;Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2&7:30
212-244-7529 signaturetheatre.org
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
Most Nominated NewPlay of the Season!
Today at 2:30 &7:30
TRIBES
ANewPlay by NINARAINE
Directed by DAVIDCROMER
Tu-Fr 7:30;Sa 2:30 &7:30;Su 2:30 &7:30
SmartTix.comor 212-868-4444
www.TribesThePlay.com
BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
BROADWAY
OFF−BROADWAY
N
C7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
sentimental conflict,” Mr. Saura
said in Spanish. Besides Picas-
so’s having to juggle the women
competing for his attentions,the
director added, “‘Guernica’ real-
ly came at a time when Picasso
was short of artistic inspiration
and had real doubts about the di-
rection of his work.” Although delving into Picasso’s
relationships required some fic-
tional interpretation, Mr. Saura
and Mr. Colomo both said that
they had broadly aimed to stick
to the facts. The two films, which
will be in Spanish and French,
are initially scheduled for Euro-
pean distribution. Mr. Colomo, 66, said in Spanish
that he had spent about eight
years researching and preparing
his script, reading during that
time almost 100 books on Picasso,
so that “this movie has probably
required more work than all my
previous 19 films combined.” Still, in the case of the Mona
Lisa theft, “the story itself is so
weird and surreal that I’m sure
many spectators will think that
it’s mostly fiction,” he said. Picasso’s work on “Guernica”
has been extensively document-
ed, not least by Maar, whose pho-
tographs can be seen near the
painting in the Reina Sofía mu-
seum in Madrid. The painting it-
self has recently undergone an-
other major restoration and in-
vestigation effort, using infrared
and ultraviolet photography tak-
en by a computer-controlled ro-
bot to discover scratches and oth-
er signs of damage, as well as to
see if there were any previously
unknown preparatory drawings
or touch-ups. Mr. Saura has scheduled nine
weeks of shooting, starting in Oc-
tober, split between the town of
Guernica and Paris. Mr. Colomo’s movie was shot
in six weeks late last year in Bu-
dapest, with a cast of newcomers
and a budget of $5 million. “The
cinema industry is now suffering
so much in this financial crisis
that not a single minute of filming
can be wasted,” he said. Coincidentally, each movie has
a lead actor who comes from
Málaga, Picasso’s birthplace. Mr.
Colomo cast Ignacio Mateos, who
has worked for the Théâtre du
Soleil in Paris. Mr. Saura’s Pi-
casso is Antonio Banderas.
Gwyneth Paltrow (who speaks
Spanish) plays Maar. “What’s
fascinating about Dora Maar is
that she wasn’t just the lover but
also the visual witness of Guerni-
ca,” Mr. Saura said. He said that his film gave Mr.
Banderas, who has appeared in
two of Mr. Saura’s movies, “a
great opportunity to do some-
thing very different fromwhat he
has done before and get to in-
terpret a very complex charac-
ter.” As for the physical resem-
blance, “I think that he will end
up looking a lot like Picasso, with
the same stare and terrible ac-
cent in French,” Mr. Saura said.
In Ms. Paltrow’s case, he added,
“The fact that her appearance
isn’t as similar doesn’t worry me
as much,because far fewer peo-
ple actually know what Dora
Maar looked like.” Having started out as a photog-
rapher, Mr. Saura, 80, has di-
rected some of the most ac-
claimed Spanish movies of the
past five decades, “Cousin Angél-
ica” and “Carmen” among them,
and has won awards at the Berlin
and Cannes film festivals. His interest in painting led him
to make a 1999 movie about Goya,
called “Goya in Bordeaux.” Mr.
Saura’s brother, Antonio, was a
leading Spanish painter who
knew Picasso. “My brother always said that
the toughest moment for a paint-
er is having to stand in front of a
blank canvas,” Mr. Saura said,
“which is also the kind of prob-
lem that I have repeatedly had as
a film director and certainly what
Picasso was facing until the news
of the Guernica bombing gave
him a trigger to really want to get
down to work.” Mr. Colomo is best known as a
director of comedies, following
“Paper Tigers,” his 1977 feature
debut. He too is passionate about
painting, and some of his own
work hangs on the office walls of
his production company in Ma-
drid. “As a teenager, all I wanted to
do is become a Cubist painter —
until I finally understood that this
would be difficult since the move-
ment had died,” he said with a
laugh. Beside his interest in
painting, Mr. Colomo said that he
had been intrigued by how his
own experiences as a director
bore some resemblance to the
volatile relationships among Pi-
casso, Apollinaire and some of
the other Paris artists a century
ago. “Picasso and all the others
were in a survival struggle, fight-
ing cold and hunger, despite the
romantic notion that is now given
to their time in Paris,” Mr. Colo-
mo said. “In the world of arts, ev-
erybody starts out being friends,
struggling to overcome the same
obstacles, but as careers begin to
follow different paths and at dif-
ferent speeds, the generosity and
solidarity somehow fade away.” Ultimately, when questioned
by a judge over the Mona Lisa
theft, Picasso denied even know-
ing Apollinaire. But Apollinaire
took responsibility for a separate
theft of two ancient stone statues
from the Louvre, which he had
helped organize at Picasso’s re-
quest. Picasso had seen the statues
and was so inspired by them that
he asked Apollinaire to help
smuggle them to his studio. He
used the statues to compose “Les
Demoiselles d’Avignon,” one of
his most famous paintings. “A great friendship was some-
how sacrificed for the sake of Pi-
casso’s art,” Mr. Colomo said. Mr. Saura also views Picasso
as an artist who never let any-
thing get in the way of his work,
whatever the consequences for
his relationships. “Of course Picasso loved wom-
en, but he was above all a tireless
worker who lived for his paint-
ing,” Mr. Saura said. “I think that
if he hadn’t been so egotistical, he
simply wouldn’t have managed
to produce the work that he did.” Events in Picasso’s Life,a Quarter-Century Apart,Inspire Two Films
SANDOR FEGYVERNEKY/COLOMO PRODUCCIONES
Ignacio Mateos, left, as Picasso,and Pierre Benézit, as Apollinaire, in Fernando Colomo’s film “La Banda Picasso” (“Picasso’s Gang”), to be released this fall.
JEON HEON-KYUN/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
BEA KALLOS/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY
From left, Carlos Saura, director of “33 Días” (“33 Days”); Picasso in his studio in the 1920s; and Mr. Colomo on the set of “La Banda Picasso” (“Picasso’s Gang”).
From First Arts Page
HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES
Lead actors, both
from Málaga,
Picasso’s birthplace.
mute with fascination. It was ex-
traordinarily different from the
biblical version of how things
had come to be — but no less
strange.
Q.
You’ve written about Darwin
before. What led you to concen-
trate on this aspect of his story?
A.
In writing “Darwin and the
Barnacle,” I had come to respect
the kinds of risks Darwin took in
asking these dangerous ques-
tions about the origins of species.
But I also knewthere had been
others before him who enter-
tained similar ideas, and I want-
ed to know if they had had to
take similar risks.
Q. Alfred Russel Wallace was in-
dependently reaching the same
conclusions as Darwin around
the same time, and Darwin felt
compelled to rush his book to
publication to establish his pri-
macy. Wallace responded to the
situation with incredible equa-
nimity. Why didn’t he fight for
more turf?
A.
I don’t think it occurred to him
to do that. There were subtle
class issues that determined his
place in the question of priority
for him, I think. Wallace had long
looked up to Darwin and [the ge-
ologist] Charles Lyell and [the
botanist] Joseph Hooker — they
were gentlemen of science,
whereas he thought of himself as
a collector. Other things mat-
tered to him more than fame —
he was determined to play his
part in the collection of proof
about evolution. He was deeply
proud to have been part of that,
and also probably relieved to be
able to slip away from the politics
and the fuss and get back into the
field.
Q.
Aside from Wallace, who came
closest to scientifically (as op-
posed to metaphorically) figuring
out natural selection before Dar-
win?
A. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was
one of the first men of science to
have access to enough fossil and
living animal specimens and
bones to really gather the weight
of evidence that would be needed
to understand the ways in which
species evolve. Lamarck worked
in the Museum of Natural Histo-
ry in Paris, which in 1800 had the
most remarkable collection of
natural history specimens in the
world — Napoleon Bonaparte
had stolen hundreds of famous
European natural history collec-
tions during the Napoleonic Wars
and brought them all to Paris.
Q. The book’s roster of notable
predecessors starts with Aris-
totle. As brilliant as he was, that’s
a very early time for thoughts
about evolution. What did he
know or intuit that makes him a
part of this intellectual lineage?
A.
What is remarkable about Ar-
istotle is that he was the first to
practice empirical science, rather
than to settle for large-scale hy-
pothetical theories about natural
laws or cosmologies. He insisted
on gathering facts; only facts he
had verified with his own eyes.
By trying to gather together all
the information on all the animal
species in the world, he was ask-
ing questions about species di-
versity and adaptation that
would lead later scientists to evo-
lutionary speculations. But he
was not an evolutionist. He be-
lieved in the fixity of species.
Q.
You start in 344 B.C. Then you
hop forward to A.D. 850. And then
to the late 15th century. What ac-
counts for such large gaps be-
tween periods of progress in this
subject?
A.
I wish I knew. Perhaps certain
thinkers or schools of thought
have been lost to history. Perhaps
in the West it was due to the dom-
inance of Christianity, and partic-
ularly Catholicism, over intellec-
tual inquiry. Some of the periods
of acceleration in the history of
evolutionary thought were
caused by material changes —
the development of the printing
press or of the microscope,
growth in literacy rates, the grad-
ual opening up of libraries and
natural history collections to the
public — but it always strikes me
as salutary that one of the great-
est periods of acceleration in evo-
lutionary speculation took place
in post-Revolutionary Paris be-
tween 1790 and 1815, when the
priests had been banished,and
the professors had been given li-
cense to pursue any question
they liked. That’s when evolu-
tionary ideas really came into
their own.
Q. The polyp is a small organism
that plays a large role in the
story. What about it captured
people’s imaginations?
A.
I am particularly fond of the
polyp. It was first “discovered”
by a Swiss naturalist called Abra-
ham Trembley in The Hague in
the 1730s. Under a powerful mi-
croscope, he found that if you cut
the “animal” in half, it could re-
generate itself. The discovery
caused a sensation amongst Eu-
ropean naturalists, philosophers
and theologians because it
seemed to challenge all natural
laws — animals cannot regener-
ate themselves. Why could a sim-
ple organism like the polyp have
such powers and not humans?
Q.
Darwin would add people to a
list of acknowledgments, then
cross them off. He criticized a
predecessor in one edition of “Or-
igin” and then struck that criti-
cism from the next edition. What
drove his anxiety about the list
and his fiddling with it the way he
did?
A.
I am more and more convinced
that assembling that list of prede-
cessors was a kind of political act
as well as a public relations exer-
cise for Darwin. He was effective-
ly saying: “Look, I’m not the
first. Here are the men who have
made this claim before me. We
are all responsible.” He wanted to have sane, re-
spectable, ordinary people on
that list to try to persuade his
readers that evolution wasn’t a
mad, French, radical, anti-estab-
lishment idea. So it seems no co-
incidence that he worked particu-
larly hard at finding hard-work-
ing respectable people like him-
self to put on his list, and that a
large proportion of those people
are British.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Charles Darwin in 1875. In Rebecca Stott’s book “Darwin’s
Ghosts,” she discusses his predecessors across the centuries.
BRUCE ROBERTSON
Ms. Stott says where she grew
up, “Darwin was described as
the mouthpiece of Satan.” Aristotle was also
interested in the
diversity of species.
On the Origin of Darwinism:
How a Complex Theory Evolved
From First Arts Page
C8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Television highlights for a full week, recent
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7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
2
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Saturday Night Live Jason Segel; Florence and the Machine. (CC) (HD) (14) (11:29)
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Whacked Out Sports
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The Devil Wears Prada (2006). Meryl Streep, Anne Hathaway. Recent college graduate works for fearsome fashion editor. Streep inspires both terror and awe. (PG-13) (HD)
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Dual Survival (CC) (HD) (PG)
E!
Chelsea Lately The Soup (HD) Evan Almighty (2007). Steve Carell, Morgan Freeman. (PG) Keeping Up With the Kardashians Fashion Police (HD) (14) The Soup (HD)
ENCFAM
Secretariat (2010). Diane Lane, John Malkovich. (PG) (CC)
. The Babe (1992). John Goodman, Kelly McGillis. (PG) (CC) (9:05) You Again (2010). Kristen Bell. (PG) (CC)
ESPN
Little League Baseball Little League Baseball World Series, Game 12: Teams TBA. (CC) (HD) Baseball Tonight (CC) (HD) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) SportsCenter
ESPN2
A.T.P. Tennis U.S. Open Series: Western & Southern Open, Women’s semifinals. From Cincinnati. (CC) (HD) N.H.R.A. Drag Racing Lucas Oil Nationals, qualifying.
ESPNCL
Boys of Summer (2010). Documentary. (CC) Right To Play Boys of Summer (2010). Documentary. (CC) Right To Play
FOOD
Restaurant: Impossible (HD) (G) Restaurant: Impossible Restaurant: Impossible (HD) Wedding: Impossible (N) (HD) Iron Chef America (HD) Restaurant: Im.
FOXMOV
The One (2001). Jet Li, Carla Gugino. Parallel universes threatened by power-hungry agent. Flashy but one-dimensional. (PG-13) (CC)
The One (2001). Jet Li, Carla Gugino. Parallel universes threatened by power-hungry agent. Flashy but one-dimensional. (PG-13) (CC)
. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000). Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh. (PG-13) (CC)
FOXNEWS
Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD)
Stossel (HD) The Journal Editorial Report
Fox News Watch (HD)
Justice With Judge Jeanine
FSC
Soccer Indiana University vs. Chivas de Guadalajara U-23.Laduma! Benin’s Journey (HD) Fox Soccer News (HD) English Premier League Soccer
FUSE
Nicki Minaj Takeover Nicki Minaj Takeover
FX
2012 (2009). (PG-13) (HD) (4)
Armageddon (1998). Bruce Willis, Billy Bob Thornton. Mavericks out to save earth from asteroid. Not a believable moment in it. (PG-13) (HD)
Wilfred “Service.” (HD) (MA)
Anger Manage-
ment (HD) (14)
Totally Biased- Kamau Bell
G4
American Ninja Warrior (PG) American Ninja Warrior (PG) American Ninja Warrior (HD) (PG) American Ninja Warrior (PG) American Ninja Warrior (PG) Ninja Warrior
GOLF
L.P.G.A. Tour Golf Safeway Classic, second round. From Beaverton, Ore. (HD) (6:30) P.G.A. Tour Golf Wyndham Championship, third round. From Sedgefield Country Club in Greensboro, N.C. (HD)
GSN
Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed
HALL
The Nanny Express (2009, TVF). Vanessa Marcil, Brennan Elliot. (CC) (HD)
●
Smart Cookies (2012, TVF). Patricia Richardson, Jessalyn Gilsig. (HD) Smart Cookies (2012, TVF). Patricia Richardson. (CC) (HD)
HGTV
Home by Novo Dina’s Party (N) Shop This RoomShop This RoomLove It or List It (CC) (HD) (G) House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Love It or List It
HIST
Hatfields & McCoys (CC) (HD) (Part 2 of 3) (14) (6)
Hatfields & McCoys A shattering New Year’s Day battle. (CC) (HD) (Part 3 of 3) (14)
Pawn Stars “Bul-
litt Proof.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:01)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:31)
Hatfields & Mc-
Coys (12:01)
HLN
Evidence Body-Evidence The Investigators “Trail of Clues.” Body-Evidence Evidence The Investigators “Obsession.” Evidence Body-Evidence Investigators
ID
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?
Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry? (14)
Wicked Attraction “Death Ride.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attraction “Weapon of Mass Seduction.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Devoured By Love.” (N) (CC) (HD)
Wicked Attraction “Death Ride.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Wicked Attrac-
tion (CC) (HD)
IFC
Home Movie (6:15) The Descent (2005). Shauna Macdonald, Natalie Mendoza. Six spelunkers encounter hungry underground predators. (R) (HD)
George A. Romero’s Diary of the Dead (2007). Film students flee zombies, cameras running. Clever, but it’s been done before. (R) (HD)
The Descent (2005). (R) (HD)
LIFE
Bride Wars (2009). Kate Hudson, Anne Hathaway. (PG) (CC) (HD) (6)
●
Made of Honor (2008). Patrick Dempsey. Bride asks male best friend to be maid of honor. Be ready to roll your eyes. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Two Weeks Notice (2002). Sandra Bullock. Millionaire confronts feelings for his lawyer. Vague and undernourished. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Made of Honor (2008). (HD) (12:01)
LMN
My Mother’s Secret (2012, TVF). Nicole de Boer. (CC) (HD) (6)
Last Man Standing (2011, TVF). Catherine Bell, Mekhi Phifer. Former soldier must rescue her husband. (CC) (HD)
Nora Roberts’ Carnal Innocence (2011, TVF). Gabrielle Anwar, Colin Egglesfield. Violinist’s Mississippi sojourn turns deadly. (CC) (HD)
Last Man Standing (2011, TVF). (HD)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
LOGO
16 and Pregnant “Taylor.” Taylor’s mother prefers adoption. (CC) (PG)
> Nip/Tuck “Cindy Plumb.” Mile-
stone surgery. (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Blu Mondae.” Decision. (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Monica Wilder.” (CC) (MA)
> Nip/Tuck “Shari Noble.” (CC) (MA)
Margaret Cho: Beautiful (CC)
MIL
Weaponology “Green Berets.” (14) The Green Berets (1968). Duke subdues Vietnam, more or less singlehandedly. Hooray and holy mackerel! (CC) The Green Berets (1968). John Wayne. (G) (CC)
MLB
M.L.B. Regional Coverage. (HD) M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights.Quick Pitch
MSG
The Best of Boomer & Carton Vault: Clyde Vault: NYR in Vegas Chandler Shumpert
. Brian’s Song (1971, TVF). James Caan. (G) (HD)
MSGPL
Saratoga in 30 Horsemanship Hockey Night LIVE!: Summer Ice From Jan. 31, 2012. (HD) MSG Vault Sports Unlimited Hockey Night
MSNBC
Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (HD) Lockup (HD)
MTV
Cribs Priciest Pads Countdown Cribs Priciest Pads Countdown Cribs Priciest Pads Countdown
. Drumline (2002). Nick Cannon, Zoe Saldana. (PG-13)
NBCS
Caught Looking (HD) Bull Riding P.B.R. Bass Pro Shops Chute Out. From San Antonio.Game On!Action Sports From Ocean City, Md. (CC) (HD)
NGEO
Hard Time “The Hustle.” (HD) (14) Hard Time (HD) (14) Hard Time (HD) (14) Hard Time “Prison City.” (HD) (14) Hard Time (HD) (14) Hard Time (HD)
NICK
Victorious (HD) Victorious (HD) How to Rock (N) (CC) (HD) (G) You Gotta See iCarly (CC) (HD) Yes, Dear (HD) Yes, Dear (HD)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (14)
> Friends (14)
NICKJR
Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan Ni Hao, Kai-lan Yo Gabba
NY1
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS Budd Mishkin New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
OVA
. Mississippi Burning (1988). (HD) (5)
. Nell (1994). Carolina woodswoman. Thoughtful but predictable. Effective Jodie Foster. (PG-13)
. Mississippi Burning (1988). Gene Hackman, William Dafoe. (R) (CC) (HD)
OWN
Hardcover Mysteries (CC) (HD) Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice
●
10 Kids 2 Dads
●
10 Kids 2 Dads Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Sweetie Pie’s
OXY
Just Friends (2005). (PG-13) (CC) (6) Sweet Home Alabama (2002). Reese Witherspoon, Josh Lucas. (PG-13) (CC) Sweet Home Alabama (2002). Reese Witherspoon. (PG-13) (CC)
SCIENCE
Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Professor Weird Oddities (HD) Dark Matters: Twisted but True Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Professor Weird
SMITH
The Real Story “True Grit.” (HD) The Real Story “Apollo 13.” (HD) Air Disasters (CC) (HD) Death Beach (CC) (HD) (PG) The Real Story “Apollo 13.” (HD) Air Disasters
SNY
Boxing (CC) (6) Triathlon New York City Triathlon.Beer Money (HD) Beer Money (HD) Mets Postgame SportsNite (HD) N.F.L. Preseason Football Giants vs. Jets
SOAP
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
SPEED
Rolex Sports Car Series Racing Montreal. From the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve. (HD) Truth in 24 (HD) (PG) MotoGP Racing Mobil 1 The Grid Lucas Oil Off SPIKE
I, Robot (2004). Will Smith. (PG-13) (HD) (6)
. Independence Day (1996). Extraterrestrials come to Earth to destroy it. Irresistible action spectacle. (PG-13) (HD) Reign of Fire (2002). (PG-13) (HD)
STYLE
Tia & Tamera (HD) (PG) Gossip Girl “Pilot.” (CC) (HD) (14) Gossip Girl “The Wild Brunch.” (HD) Gossip Girl “Poison Ivy.” (HD) (PG) Jerseylicious “Living in Sin.” (HD) Jerseylicious
SUN
Get to Work “Walking That Beam.” Bobby must face responsibility. (HD)
I Hate Valentine’s Day (2009). Nia Vardalos, John Corbett. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
I Am a Sex Addict (2005). Caveh Zahedi, Rebecca Lord. (CC)
Nights and Weekends (2008). Long-distance relation-
ship’s dying days. Mumblecore to the core. (CC) (11:10)
SYFY
Dawn of the Dead (2004). Sarah Polley, Ving Rhames. Flesh-eating zombies in Milwaukee mall. Second-rate remake. (R) (HD) (6:30)
. Daybreakers (2009). Ethan Hawke, Willem Dafoe. Vampire works on blood substitute as humans grow scarce. Impressively styled. (R) (HD)
Drag Me to Hell (2009). A young woman must shatter a powerful curse placed upon her. (PG-13) (HD)
TBS
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> The Big Bang Theory (14)
> The Big Bang Theory (14)
Meet the Fockers (2004). Robert De Niro. Woman’s uptight parents meet fiance’s free-spir-
ited ones. Modestly amusing, with enough stardust to plug up the holes. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Perfect Man (2005). Hilary Duff, Heather Locklear. (PG) (CC) (HD)
TCM
. Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936). Freddie Bartholomew. (CC) (6)
. Captains Courageous (1937). Spencer Tracy. Spoiled rich boy on Portuguese fishing boat. Memorable Kipling adaptation. (G) (CC)
Kidnapped (1938). Warner Baxter, Freddie Bartholomew. Very good adventure for the youngsters, via Stevenson story. (10:15)
. Lloyd’s of London (1936). TLC
Undercover Boss (CC) (HD) (PG) Undercover Boss (CC) (HD) (PG) Undercover Boss “Hooters.” (HD) Undercover Boss (CC) (HD) (PG) Undercover Boss (CC) (HD) (PG) Undercover
TNT
. War of the Worlds (2005). Tom Cruise. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:30)
Transformers (2007). Shia LaBeouf, Tyrese Gibson. Two races of robots wage war on Earth. Boys and their toys. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Transformers (2007). Two races of robots wage war on Earth. Boys and their toys. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
TRAV
All You Can All You Can Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (14) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
TRU
Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Storage Hunters Storage Hunters Storage Hunters Storage Hunters Storage Hunters Storage Hunters Forensic Files Forensic Files Storage Hunters
TVLAND
Andy Griffith Andy Griffith Andy Griffith Andy Griffith
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
USA
> Law & Order: SVU “Avatar.” A vid-
eo-game player goes missing. (HD)
> Law & Order: SVU “Dominance.” (CC) (HD) (14)
> Law & Order: SVU “Pure.” Miss-
ing teenager. (CC) (HD) (14)
> Law & Order: SVU “Dolls.” (CC) (HD) (14)
White Collar “Honor Among Thieves.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
The Condemned (2007). (CC) (HD)
VH1
Hollywood Exes (HD) (14) Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta (HD) (14) New Jack City (1991). Powerful New York drug lord. Chilling Snipes. (CC) You Got Served: Beat the World (2011). (PG-13) (HD)
WE
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Winter Wonderland Bride.” (HD)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Jennifer.” (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Corryn.” (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Day of the Dead Bride.”
My Fair Wedding With David Tutera “Safari Bride.” (CC) (HD) (G)
My Fair Wedding
YES
Extra Innings CenterStage (HD) Yanks Mag.Yankeeography (CC) 10 Years of YES YES Network’s tenth anniversary special. (HD) Yankees Classic
10:30 P.M. (Cinemax) COWBOYS & ALIENS
(2011) Jake Lonergan (Daniel Craig, above)
wakes up bloodied and dazed in 1873 Arizona
with a strange metallic bracelet locked on his
wrist that turns him into a cowboy with a zap
gun — the better to join forces with a ruthless
cattle baron (Harrison Ford) and a mysterious
traveler (Olivia Wilde) to subdue an army of
aliens that is snatching up the townsfolk. The
director,Jon Favreau,“can have a nice light
touch, and his actors always seem as if they
were happy to be there, which is true here too,”
Manohla Dargis wrote in The New York Times
of this adaptation of the graphic novel by Scott
Mitchell Rosenberg.“Here, though, he wavers
uncertainly between goofy pastiche and
seriousness in a movie that wastes its title and
misses the opportunity to play with, you know,
ideas about the western and science-fiction
horror.” She added, “Mr. Ford’s presence, along
with that of Steven Spielberg (he’s an executive
producer),makes you wonder what Mr.
Spielberg would have done with this material,
though maybe the better question is what Mr.
Favreau would have done differently without
him.”
5:30 P.M. (CUNY) RICHARD HEFFNER’S
OPEN MINDIn this rebroadcast of a 2003
program,Helen Gurley Brown, the longtime
Cosmopolitan magazine editor who died on
Monday,discusses “Sex and the Single Girl,” the
book that brought her fame and fortune when it
was published in 1962.
8 P.M. (ABC) THE DEVIL WEARS PRADA
(2006) Anne Hathaway plays Andy Sachs,a
budding journalist and personal assistant who
suffers at the velvet-gloved hand of her
tyrannical boss, Miranda Priestly (Meryl
Streep),in this adaptation of Lauren
Weisberger’s tissue-veiled portrait of the
fashion magazine business. Ms. Streep plays the
title character with a perfectionism that “has
rarely seemed so apt,” A.O. Scott wrote in The
Times, adding that Stanley Tucci, as Nigel,
Miranda’s right-hand man-slave, “has never
been better.” And he called Emily Blunt’s
character, a perpetually dieting minion from
hell, “a minor tour de force of smiling hostility.”
8 P.M. (HBO) THE CHANGE-UP(2011) Dave
Lockwood (Jason Bateman, below),a corporate
lawyer and father of three, finds his body
switched with that of his bachelor best friend,
Mitch Planko (Ryan Reynolds),an unemployed
actor, after they urinate side by side into a
public fountain while
declaring that they’d like to
live each other’s lives.
Panic ensues when they
return to the fountain and
discover that it has been
moved. Leslie Mann plays
Dave’s high-strung wife,
Jamie,whom Mitch has
always secretly coveted.
Olivia Wilde is Sabrina,a luscious legal
associate with whom Mitch, as Dave, makes a
promising connection. “The body-swapping
premise, which is stale to begin with, isn’t
explored with any depth, unless you find
meaningful Freudian subtext in the movie’s
relentless anal fixation,” Stephen Holden wrote
in The Times. “But the premise at least sets up a
farce that surpasses ‘The Hangover’ in gleeful
crudeness and profanity. The similarities
between the two movies aren’t coincidental: Jon
Lucas and Scott Moore wrote both. David
Dobkin, the director of ‘The Change-Up,’ is best
known for ‘Wedding Crashers.’”
8 P.M. (Lifetime) MADE OF HONOR (2008) A
slick Lothario (Patrick Dempsey) living large in
New York off the fortune he made from his
coffee cup invention
suddenly decides that
his best platonic
friend (Michelle
Monaghan, left with
Mr. Dempsey) is the
love of his life.
Unfortunately, a rich,
handsome aristocrat
(Kevin McKidd) has
gotten there first, and he’s perfect. Nearly.
Writing in The Times, Stephen Holden said this
comedy from the director Paul Weiland “adds
tart satirical flavors to a cotton candy formula
without sabotaging the sugar rush.”
9 P.M. (Hallmark) SMART COOKIES (2012) The
channel celebrates the 100th anniversary of the
Girl Scouts of the U.S.A.with this story about
Julie Sterling (Jessalyn Gilsig),who is just two
sales away from being named real estate agent
of the year when her boss (Patricia Richardson)
assigns her to lead a struggling local troop
called the Fireflies. When Julie discovers that
the girls are social outcasts, she decides to help
them win the annual cookie sale competition
against their rivals, the Monarchs. But her own
career will have to wait.
10 P.M. (OWN) 10 KIDS 2 DADS Clint
McCormack and Bryan Reamer,a gay couple in
Farmington Hills,Mich., raise 10 adopted sons
from difficult backgrounds. KATHRYNSHATTUCK
WHAT’S ON TODAY
ZADE ROSENTHAL/UNIVERSAL PICTURES
By WALT BOGDANICH
and REBECCA R. RUIZ
A horse that recently tested positive
for a supercharged painkiller drawn
from a type of South American frog
broke down and was euthanized Thurs-
day at a New Mexico racetrack after
winning a trial heat for the coming All
American Futurity, one of the world’s
richest horse races. The horse, Jess A Zoomin, was one of
eight New Mexico quarter horses that
tested positive for the painkiller der-
morphin on the same day in late May.
tracks. On Labor Day weekend last
year, one of the quarter horse industry’s
most celebrated jockeys, Jacky Martin,
broke his neck at the finish line when
his mount collapsed with a broken leg.
Martin remains paralyzed. The Times also reported that the im-
proper use of drugs was rampant at the
state’s racetracks, as state racing au-
thorities now acknowledge. Some train-
ers there were giving horses large over-
doses of painkillers,often without fear
of penalty. The quarter horse industry has also ened the hand of racing industry figures
who are pushing to lessen the influence
of drugs, both legal and illegal, in rac-
ing. The dermorphin cases became the
focus of a recent congressional hearing
on drugs in racing at which all the wit-
nesses called for lifetime bans for any-
one found to have knowingly given
horses performance-enhancing drugs.
New Mexico recently reformed how it
regulates horse racing, including ex-
panded drug testing, in response to an
investigation by The New York Times,
published in March, that found the state
had the country’s most dangerous race-
heat for the Futurity. Reed declined to
comment. Vince Mares, executive director of
the New Mexico Racing Commission,
expressed frustration at the length of
time the lab is taking to report its der-
morphin findings. “We do not have the
authority to tell other labs to hurry up,”
Mares said.
To date, 35 horses in four states —
New Mexico, Oklahoma, Louisiana and
Nebraska — have tested positive for
dermorphin, the frog secretion that is
said to be 40 times more powerful than
morphine. Those results have strength-
All were running in an earlier round of
trial heats to earn the right to advance
to the Futurity, which has a purse of
more than $2 million.
The dead horse’s trainer, Jeffrey
Heath Reed, is accused of doping five of
those horses. But he has been allowed
to continue training — and vying to win
the Futurity on Labor Day — after exer-
cising his right to verify the state’s posi-
tive tests at a second laboratory.
A second horse that Reed trained,
which had not tested positive for der-
morphin, also broke down and was eu-
thanized Thursday during another trial
Deadly End for Horse That Tested Positive for Painkiller
Continued on Page D2
The 33-year-old lefthander became the
first Mets pitcher to allow six runs or
more in five consecutive starts as the
Nationals cruised to a 6-4 win. Page D2.
INGLORIOUS RECORD
FOR JOHAN SANTANA
The Yankees belted five solo home runs,
including two by Nick Swisher, left, and
Derek Jeter’s 250th, which tied him for
ninth place on the club’s list. Page D3.
YANKEES’ HOME RUNS
EXTEND RED SOX’S WOES
The Giants are the Super Bowl
champions, but they have happily ceded
the news media spotlight to the N.F.L.
reality show that is the Jets.Page D7.
GIANTS ARE HAPPY
TO STEP ASIDE
Welcome to the Neighborhood
Photographs by TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The Nets don’t officially step on the court in Brooklyn until the fall. But their footprints are already evident, even ubiquitous,around the
borough. There is, of course, the giant arena at Flatbush and Atlantic announcing the arrival of the team. But there are also billboards and
T-shirts, posters and caps, store window displays and bus stop signage. Call it the birth of a brand.More photographs, Pages D4-5.
Ø
N
D1
SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Auto Racing 2:30 p.m. Nationwide Series, NAPA Auto Parts 200 ESPN
Baseball 11:00 a.m. Junior League final, Aruba vs. Florida ESPN2
2:00 p.m. Senior League final, Guatemala vs. California ESPNU
4:00 p.m. Boston at Yankees FOX
7:00 p.m. Mets at Washington CH. 11
7:00 p.m. Los Angeles Dodgers at Atlanta MLB
Baseball / 5:00 p.m. First semifinal, Maryland vs. T.B.A. CBSSN
Cal Ripken World Series 7:30 p.m. Second semifinal, Japan vs. Korea CBSSN
Baseball / Noon Game 9, Curacao vs. Germany ESPN
Little League World Series 3:00 p.m. Game 10, Connecticut vs. Nebraska ABC
6:00 p.m. Game 11, Mexico vs. Uganda ESPN
8:00 p.m. Game 12, New Jersey vs. Oregon ESPN
Basketball / W.N.B.A. 7:00 p.m. Atlanta at Indiana NBA TV
10:00 p.m. Los Angeles at Seattle NBA TV
Football / N.F.L. 7:00 p.m. Giants at Jets CBS, NFL NET
(Preseason) 10:00 p.m. Dallas at San Diego NFL NET
Golf 1:00 p.m. Wyndham Championship, third round GOLF
3:00 p.m. Wyndham Championship, third round CBS
3:00 p.m. Champions, Dick’s Sporting Goods Open GOLF
4:00 p.m. U.S. Amateur, semifinals NBC
6:30 p.m. Safeway Classic, second round GOLF
Horse Racing 5:00 p.m. Alabama and Sword Dancer Invitational NBCSN Soccer 9:50 a.m. England, Sunderland at Arsenal ESPN
10:00 a.m. England, Liverpool at West Bromwich Albion FSC
12:30 p.m. England, Tottenham at Newcastle FSC
7:00 p.m. Exhibition, Indiana University vs. Chivas de Guadalajara FSC
1:50 a.m. Women’s, U-20 World Cup, Brazil vs. Italy ESPNU
Softball 5:00 p.m. Junior League, final ESPN2
Tennis 1:00 p.m. U.S. Open Series, Western & Southern Open ESPN2
7:00 p.m. U.S. Open Series, Western & Southern Open ESPN2
HOME
AWAY
SUN
8/19
THU
8/23
WED
8/22
SAT
8/18
TUE
8/21
FRI
8/24
MON
8/20
This Week
METS
WASHINGTON
7 p.m.
CH. 11 WASHINGTON
1:30 p.m.
CH. 11 COLORADO
7 p.m.
SNY COLORADO
7 p.m.
SNY COLORADO
7 p.m.
SNY COLORADO
1 p.m.
SNY HOUSTON
7 p.m.
SNY YANKEES
BOSTON
4 p.m.
FOX BOSTON
8 p.m.
ESPN WHITE SOX
8 p.m.
YES WHITE SOX
8 p.m.
CH. 9 WHITE SOX
8 p.m.
YES CLEVELAND
7 p.m.
CH. 9 TV Highlights
More listings are at tvlistings.nytimes.com, under the Sports-Events category.
JETS
(PRESEASON) GIANTS 7 P.M. SATURDAY
CBS, NFL NET PORTLAND
RED BULLS 7 P.M. SUNDAY
MSG+
GIANTS
(PRESEASON) JETS 7 P.M. SATURDAY
CBS, NFL NET
CONNECTICUT
LIBERTY 7 P.M. SATURDAY
D2
Ø
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
BAS E BA L L
HO R S E R AC I NG
been rocked this year by charges
that a small group of horsemen
had been laundering money
through racehorses for two Mex-
ican drug cartels. Separately, in Kentucky, the
state’s racing commission an-
nounced Wednesday that it had
instituted safety measures aimed
at identifying injured or at-risk
horses after a rash of fatal break-
downs in May at the country’s
most famous racetrack, Churchill
Downs.
John Ward, the commission’s
executive director, said racing of-
ficials have added an extra veter-
inarian to watch horses for any
sign of injury as they walk off the
track after racing. Once horses are entered in a
race, officials will examine their
past performance charts in
search of telltale signs of injury,
such as pulling up or being trans-
ported off the track. They will
also watch video replays of cer-
tain races and watch horses in
training. Suspect horses would
then be observed more closely.
“We are trying to get real-time
knowledge of the condition of our
equine athletes,” Ward said, add-
ing that the new precautions
seemed to be working because
the number of fatal breakdowns
at Churchill Downs dropped from
eight in May to two in June.
As part of its investigation, The
Times built its own database us-
ing similar telltale signs of injury
to identify problem tracks, train-
ers and breeds. The paper also
found that 24 horses die each
week at America’s racetracks
and that in one recent three-year
period more than 3,800 horses
had positive drug tests, mostly
for illegally high levels of pre-
scription drugs.
Prominent veterinarians say
the overuse of pain medicine can
mask injury, putting both horse
and rider at risk.
From First Sports Page
Joe Drape contributed reporting. Deadly Finish for Horse
That Was Given Painkiller
By JOE DRAPE
SARATOGA SPRINGS, N.Y. —
It requires a certain tempera-
ment for a horseplayer to endure
the grind of the Saratoga meet
day in,day out.He needs to be
shrewd but good-humored, ab-
sorbed but resilient. A healthy
bankroll helps,as does a strong,
functioning liver.
If you are married, an under-
standing spouse is a must. An ab-
sent one is best. Many, then, are
called, but few are chosen, and 27
years ago,when the racing gods
dropped Taylor Sage into this
horsy Brigadoon,they smashed
the mold and swore never to
make another.
Too many people would have
had too much fun.
Little Bear, as Sage is known, is
a man whose size is eclipsed by
his smile, his kindness and his
zest for life. He has a trademark
greeting: “Grrr,” he offers, and
then explains, “with a little Gand
three R’s.”
He has tried a number of ca-
reers and found success as a psy-
chologist operating under the
moniker of — what else —Sage
Advice.He has also been an own-
er of a wholesale auto parts busi-
ness and, most recently, an exca-
vation business.
“I move dirt,” he said, his eyes
twinkling at the simplicity of the
explanation.
Sage’s interests range far wid-
er than four-legged animals run-
ning in circles. He is an ardent
supporter of his hometown Peter-
borough Players, the acclaimed
theater company in New Hamp-
shire. He hunts ducks each year
on Chesapeake Bay in Maryland,
and he knows where the best res-
taurants are from New York City
to New England.
The talent that Sage is most ap-
preciated for, however, is to gra-
ciously be the sun that a universe
of horseplayers revolves around.
That sun shines most evenings
across the street from the race-
track at the Turf Club, where Sage
has hung his tack for decades af-
ter the day’s card.
He is the one offering rounds
and introductions so the Coopers-
town crowd is comfortable with
the Vermonters and so his New
Hampshire neighbors can find
common ground with the New
York City folks. Judges from Chi-
cago have landed in his orbit,as
have several chefs and a fellow
lapsed psychologist who migrat-
ed from New York to Vermont
and Florida but now resides part
time in South Carolina in a town
that he identifies only as Hooter-
ville.
“You build these relationships
over the years,and you keep
meeting every August up here,”
Sage said. “We’re all horseplay-
ers. We’re all here to have fun.”
Sage is not a heavy bettor, or
whale,who churns money
through the window. But his
bankroll is just fine after a large
Pick 6 score a couple of years ago.
Just as gentlemen never tell,
horseplayers are discreet about
numbers as well as philosophy.
“I handicap handicappers” is
how Sage characterizes his meth-
odology.
Healthy liver? Check.
Sage turns 67 next week,and
while the number of late nights
and early mornings are fewer and
far between, he is out most every
night.
Understanding spouse? A hall
of famer.
Cathie Sage is the kind of wife
who threw Taylor his 60th birth-
day party by renting the track-
side chalet here and having a race
named after him. She makes it to
the Spa for at least a few days
each meeting,and the couple nev-
er break stride.
How Sage arrives at the race-
track daily has become an event
itself over the years.
He has ridden his bike and ar-
rived by rickshaw. For the second
season, however, Sage has rented
an electric wheelchair that not
only powers him to and from the
racetrack but also serves as his
seat in the breezeway of what
used to be the Travers Bar near
the clubhouse turn.
Sage has established his Bear’s
Den in the basement of the
Springwater Bed & Breakfast,
across the alley from the Turf
Club. The B & B is owned and op-
erated by Peter and Leslie DiCar-
lo. They befriended him years ago
and cater to his every whim,
whether it is a special parking
spot for his red PT Cruiser with
flames painted on its side or a
special-order breakfast.
Sage knows better than most
how good he has got it. It is about
now each year,at the midpoint of
the meet,that he, as well as every
other Spa horseplayer, has to beat
back a little melancholy.
“It’s a special place and it’s
coming to an end,” he said. “Leav-
ing here is like coming out of the
cloud and landing hard in the real
world.”
Yes, it is — “grrr.”
POSTCARDFROM SARATOGA SPRINGS
In a Horseplayer’s Heaven, It’s Bear’s Season
CHARLIE SAMUELS FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Taylor Sage, left, with his friend George Sheehan at Saratoga Race Course, said of his methodology,“I handicap handicappers.”
Taylor Sage, the sun
around which many
characters revolve.
CA L E NDA R
By ANDREW KEH
WASHINGTON — Johan San-
tana began his year enveloped in
a thick haze of uncertainty. He
appears to be wading into that
haze again. Continuing
a recent run
of ineptitude,
Santana was
shelled for six runs during the
Mets’ 6-4 loss to the Washington
Nationals on Friday night, earn-
ing him the dubious distinction of
being the first player in franchise
history to give up six runs or
more in five consecutive starts.
More significant, this latest
poor outing, which dropped his
record to 6-9 and raised his
earned run average to 4.85, re-
ignited concerns about his phys-
ical state and sparked fresh de-
bate about whether he should be
shut down for the rest of the year.
Santana had surgery last year
to repair a torn capsule in his
shoulder, and the fact that he be-
gan the season as a viable starter
was a pleasant surprise. His no-
hitter on June 1 — the first no-
hitter in franchise history — pro-
vided an exhilarating shock. But
his struggles since have muddied
the plans for his immediate fu-
ture.
“My season has been a roller
coaster, a lot of ups and downs,
good days, bad days,” said Santa-
na, who left open the possibility
that he and Mets officials could
decide to bring his season to a
premature end. “We’ll see the
next couple of days what they
have to say or what we’re going
to do.”
The game began optimistically
for the Mets, as Santana was giv-
en a lead before he even took the
mound, when Daniel Murphy
drove a two-run single into cen-
ter field. For a brief spell it
seemed as if Santana’s recent ills
might have been cured, as he
maintained a perfect game the
first time through the Nationals’
order.
After the game Santana said
his arm felt fine, and Manager
Terry Collins expressed no in-
terest in shutting him down.
“There’s a light at the end of the
tunnel, because you know he’s
healthy,” Collins said. “Today’s
stuff was better than the last time
out.”
Santana’s evening unraveled
in the fourth. Jayson Werth,
Bryce Harper and Ryan Zimmer-
man hit consecutive hard singles
into center field. On a 1-1 count,
Santana challenged Michael
Morse with a high, 90-mile-per-
hour fastball, which he crushed
to the opposite field.
Morse skipped out of the bat-
ter’s box as the ball sailed over
the wall in right-center field for a
grand slam that put the Nation-
al’s ahead, 4-2. Moments later,
Morse popped out of the dugouts
for a raucous curtain call before
an announced crowd of 34,827.
The feel at Nationals Park has
been electric all season — a pro-
found difference from the home
atmosphere of previous years —
as the home team has compiled
the best winning percentage in
baseball. On the field, the dichot-
omy between the clubs was nota-
ble, too, considering they were
separated by just three and a half
games at the conclusion of the
2011 season. After the Mets’ loss
Friday, they trailed the Nationals,
who lead the National League
East, by 18 games.
The buzzing crowd became
fully charged again in the fourth,
when Harper came up with two
outs and a runner on first base
and whipped a low fastball from
Santana into the right-field seats,
increasing the Nationals’ lead to
6-2. Santana got through the fifth,
but his night ended after that.
The Mets scraped a couple of
runs back. Scott Hairston, who
had three doubles on the night,
scored on Ronny Cedeno’s
groundout in the sixth, and Kelly
Shoppach hit a solo home run to
left in the seventh. But the Na-
tionals’ bullpen shut the Mets out
the rest of the way, sealing the
victory for starter Ross Detwiler.
After the loss, Dan Warthen,
the Mets’ pitching coach, said it
was clear Santana was not in
“terribly strong pitching shape,”
partly because he had been
throwing since mid-December
during his rehabilitation and
partly because of his recent
three-week stint on the disabled
list.
“It was very obvious the fourth
and fifth inning that the ball was
leaking back over the plate, los-
ing velocity,” Warthen said. “It’s
just a matter of building that arm
strength up, because we saw a
vintage Johan for three innings.”
Warthen said he would likely
sit down for a meeting with San-
tana, Collins and General Man-
ager Sandy Alderson in the com-
ing days.
The group will have much to
discuss. Santana has struggled
since the June 1 no-hitter, compil-
ing an 8.27 earned run average
during 10 subsequent starts. His
recent time off, ostensibly to heal
a sprained ankle, but also to rest
his tired arm and body, did not
yield immediate benefits.
He returned Aug. 11 and gave
up eight runs in just one and a
third innings. That game raised
questions about whether the
Mets, who are set to pay Santana
$25.5 million next year, would be
better off sitting him for the rest
of the season.
And those questions emerged
again from the haze of Santana’s
latest start.
With Another Mets First, Santana Raises Concerns Instead of Spirits
PATRICK MCDERMOTT/GETTY IMAGES
Michael Morse hit a grand slam in the fourth off Johan Santana, who allowed at least six runs for the fifth consecutive start.
NATIONALS 6
METS 4
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mi,orig dark blue leather interior,newwate
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pump,master cylinder,good condition,
asking$42,000/nego.631-587-9421
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ØØ
N
D3
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
BAS E BA L L
There is a scene in the movie
“Almost Famous” when the band
first reads the article the young
journalist has written about them
for Rolling Stone. Jason Lee’s
character is devastat-
ed by the portrayal.
“We come off like
amateurs,” he wails.
“Some average band,
trying to come to
grips, jealous and
fighting and breaking up. We’re
buffoons!”
Ladies and gentlemen, your
2012 Boston Red Sox.
That’s true, isn’t it? That’s the
narrative we keep hearing, any-
way, that the Red Sox have lost
their way, that they loathe Bobby
Valentine and actively plot to get
rid of him so they can go back to
drinking beer in the home club-
house and having private parties
on the owner’s yacht.
Look, the Red Sox have some
surly personalities, and a dys-
functional dynamic in which play-
ers feel free to go directly to own-
ership to air problems with the
manager. But Valentine was not
universally loved by his Mets
players, either. He took them to
two National League Champion-
ship Series, and one pennant, be-
cause his stars played like stars,
and he found unexpected value in
role players.
“He can’t manage the team
and at the same time go and play
for us,” David Ortiz said before
Friday’s 6-4 loss to the Yankees.
“All he can do is make moves and
make decisions. But if you don’t
have your squad out there pro-
viding what you expect —be-
cause of injuries or bad games or
whatever — I don’t think people
should be looking at it like it’s his
fault we struggled the way we
have this year.”
Injuries and bad games. That’s
why the Red Sox are likely to
miss the postseason for the third
year in a row. The players’ opin-
ion of Valentine hardly matters.
Valentine has always under-
stood his role differently than
most managers. He deflects controversy from
his players by absorbing it him-
self. If he makes enemies in the
clubhouse, well, sometimes play-
ers come together over a common
enemy.
offense has been challenged at
times, and when it’s challenged
and stressed, it’s been less fun.”
The pitching coach Bob Mc-
Clure said it was too simple to
blame the team’s mediocre sea-
son on Lester and Beckett. He
said Lester, in particular, has
been a victim of bad luck,and
that his baseline statistics (6-10,
5.20 E.R.A.) do not tell the whole
story.
“If you really look at it, there’s
more to it than that,” McClure
said. “How bad is he, really?
Yeah, he had a cluster of games
that were bad. But he’s had a lot
of them that were pretty good,
too, and he’s gotten nothing out
of them but a loss or a no-deci-
sion.”
Hitters have a .326 average off
Lester when they put the ball in
play, the highest mark for him
since his 2006 rookie season. Les-
ter does have five starts this sea-
son of at least seven innings and
no more than three earned runs,
without a victory. But he also has
five starts of fewer than five in-
nings with at least four earned
runs.
The kindest way to describe
Lester’s season is uneven, same
as Beckett. They were supposed
to be the anchors of the team. No
wonder it seems rudderless.
plains the record or where we are,
other than I haven’t managed
some situations as well as they
could have been managed,” Val-
entine said.
“When you talk about the pitch-
ing, the only thing the pitching
has kind of stressed us on is that
we’ve played, I think, an abnor-
mal amount of games where
we’ve been behind early,” he said.
“And that might not statistically
be true —it seems it —and I
think it stresses the offense. Our
Lester and Josh Beckett, who
start the next two games this
weekend. In 44 starts this season,
they are a combined 11-20 with a
5.20 earned run average.
The Red Sox are 16-28 in their
starts; if they were merely .500 in
those games, Boston would have
come here just a half game out of
a playoff spot. Instead, the Red
Sox were six and a half back and
ranked sixth in the wild-card
standings.
“I don’t think any one thing ex-
“It’s been a challenging year,”
Valentine said. “A lot of things go-
ing on. I don’t know if it’s more
than I expected, but it’s been
challenging —just the way we
like it.”
The biggest challenge has been
having to juggle injuries. Call it an
excuse, if you want, but the extent
of the Red Sox’ injuries is unprec-
edented in the last 25 years. They
have put 25 players on the dis-
abled list this season, the most by
any team since at least 1987, ac-
cording to Stats Inc.
Ortiz, the team’s only All-Star,
strained his right Achilles’ tendon
rounding second base on a team-
mate’s home run July 16. Natural-
ly, that was the season debut for
Carl Crawford, who missed the
first half with elbow and wrist in-
juries, and the same week Jacoby
Ellsbury returned from a three-
month shoulder problem.
“We’ve been dealing with so
much injuries,” Ortiz said. “I was
one that was very excited, know-
ing that Ells and C.C. were com-
ing in, and next thing you know,
boom, I go on the D.L. And then
after that, you see how many
times those guys been on base, a
situation that I wasn’t facing too
much when I was playing. It’s
just terribly frustrating.”
Most frustrating of all, perhaps,
has been the performance of Jon
Of Red Sox’ Many Problems, Injuries Have Hurt the Most TYLER
KEPNER ON
BASEBALL ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Bobby Valentine has spent the season trying to hold together an
injury plagued Red Sox team, facing criticismalong the way.
Two struggling aces
have only added to
Valentine’s woes.
By The Associated Press
Yu Darvish paid a high price
for making one bad pitch to To-
ronto’s top hitter.
Edwin Encarnacion hit his 31st
home run, J.A. Happ won his sec-
ond straight start and the Toron-
to Blue Jays beat Darvish and the
Rangers, 3-2, on Friday night on
the road, handing Texas its fourth
loss in five games.
“He was good,” Rangers Man-
ager Ron Washington said of
Darvish. “We just didn’t support
him with runs.”
Darvish (12-9) lost for the sec-
ond time in three starts, allowing
three runs and three hits in seven
innings. He walked one and
struck out 10.
“From the beginning, I don’t
think my fastball had a lot of life
to it,” Darvish said through a
translator. “But more often than
not I was able to keep the ball
down with my cutter, slider, all
my other pitches. Over all, I think
I was able to stay down and be ef-
fective.”
For Darvish, it was the seventh
time this season he’s reached
double figures in strikeouts, tying
him with Jim Bibby (1973) for the
Rangers rookie mark.
Darvish failed to win consec-
utive starts for the first time
since a three-game winning
streak in June, but allowed three
earned runs for the second
straight start after giving up 18
runs in his previous three out-
ings.
“I was able to throw with confi-
dence tonight,” Darvish said.
“Even if I fell down,2-0,I didn’t
panic. I was able to relax and
make my pitches.”
Encarnacion, who became the
first major leaguer to homer off
Darvish when he took him deep
in an April 30 Texas win at Rog-
ers Centre, did it again with a sec-
ond-deck blast in the first, his
31st.
Rangers catcher Geovany Soto
said location was to blame on
Encarnacion’s homer, with Dar-
vish leaving a pitch up in the
zone.
Encarnacion returned to the
lineup after sitting out Thurs-
day’s loss to the White Sox with a
sore shoulder and wrist, the re-
sult of a diving play in left field
Wednesday.
ROYALS 4, WHITE SOX 2
Salvador
Perez hit a tiebreaking two-run
double with two outs in the sev-
enth inning for host Kansas City.
Luis Mendoza pitched seven
innings as the Royals won for the
third time in four games.
Paul Konerko hit a solo home
run for Chicago after being acti-
vated from the seven-day concus-
sion disabled list. It was Koner-
ko’s first game since he was
struck by a Jarrod Dyson elbow
while covering first base Aug. 7
against the Royals.
TIGERS 5, ORIOLES 3
Prince Field-
er hit a pair of two-run homers to
lift Detroit over visiting Balti-
more.
Fielder got Detroit even at 3-3
in the sixth with a 462-foot shot to
right-center field, then hit a soar-
ing shot to right in the eighth to
give the Tigers a 5-3 lead.
BREWERS 6, PHILLIES 2
Ryan
Braun hit his National League-
leading 32nd home run, Yovani
Gallardo won his fourth straight
start, and Milwaukee extended
its home winning streak to nine.
MARLINS 6, ROCKIES 5 Jose
Reyes and Giancarlo Stanton
homered, Wade LeBlanc won for
the first time as a starter and Mi-
ami won on the road for just its
third victory in its last 10 games.
PIRATES 2, CARDINALS 1
James
McDonald halted a string of inef-
fective starts with six innings of
two-hit ball, helping Pittsburgh
on the road in a matchup of N.L.
Central playoff contenders.
Andrew McCutchen singled
and scored on a passed ball in a
two-run fourth for the Pirates,
who also scored on a wild pitch
that inning. Pittsburgh totaled 41
runs during its first six games in
St. Louis this season.
REDS 7, CUBS 3 Todd Frazier hit a
two-run home run, Ryan Ludwick
and Jay Bruce added solo shots,
and host Cincinnati beat Chicago
in the opener of a four-game
weekend series.
DIAMONDBACKS 3, ASTROS 1
Wade Miley pitched six solid in-
nings and drove in a run to lead
Arizona on the road.
Miley hit a sacrifice fly and
Chris Young doubled in a run in
the fifth for Arizona, which has
won seven consecutive games
against the Astros. BRAVES 4, DODGERS 3
Pinch-hit-
ter Juan Francisco’s two-out sin-
gle in the 11th inning gave host
Atlanta its fourth straight win.
The backup catcher David
Ross and the light-hitting Paul
Janish kept the inning going with
back-to-back singles off Brandon
League (0-1) before Francisco
punched one to left off Jamie
Wright. Jonny Venters (4-3)
earned the win.
ROUNDUP Darvish Controls Mound but, After One Bad Pitch, Finishes Empty-Handed
ABELIMAGES/GETTY IMAGES
Toronto’s Edwin Encarnacion hit his 31st homer of the season in a 3-2 victory over Texas.
By DAVID WALDSTEIN
Shortly after the Yankees beat
the Boston Red Sox,6-4, at Yan-
kee Stadium and Joe Girardi
lauded the performances of sev-
eral players, he slipped quietly
into the club-
house and
placed the
game’s lineup
card on Derek Jeter’s chair in
front of his locker. Jeter has been ticking off offen-
sive milestones with impressive
regularity, but only after a hand-
ful of them — like reaching 3,000
hits — has he shown great per-
sonal gratification. On Friday
night,Jeter reached another one
— his 250th home run — that pro-
vided a rare moment for him to
publicly express satisfaction.
“I always hear all the time that
I don’t hit home runs,” he said.
“But in my mind it’s a lot of them.
It’s something I’m happy with. I
try to be consistent every year
and do my job. Like I’ve always
said, if you do it long enough,
good things will happen. I think
it’s a big number. Other people
might not, but for me it’s a lot of
home runs.”
Jeter ranks 206th on the all-
time list, breaking a tie with Jose
Valentin, but for a leadoff hitter,
250 is a lofty number.
Next on the list at 251 is Robin
Yount, another player with 3,000
hits who played on one team, the
Milwaukee Brewers,his entire
career. With two more home
runs, Jeter will tie his old man-
ager, Joe Torre.
Jeter joins Willie Mays as the
only players with 3,000 hits, 250
home runs, 300 stolen bases and
1,200 runs batted in. The 250
homers also tied him with Graig
Nettles for ninth place on the
Yankees’ all-time list. It was his
10th home run, making this the
16th season in which he has re-
corded at least 10.
Before the game,Red Sox
Manager Bobby Valentine was
asked about Jeter’s success, and
he just repeated, “He’s Derek
Jeter,” as if the name itself was
the highest praise. “He’s an amazing player,” Gi-
rardi said. “When you think
about what he’s done throughout
his career, 38 years old, he’s
played 15 days in a row. There
aren’t too many guys 38 years old
who play 15 days in a row. And he
continues to be productive.”
In addition to the lineup card to
commemorate the event, Jeter
got the ball back from Patrick
Cullen, a fan from Stamford,
Conn.— Valentine’s hometown
— who caught it in the left-field
seats.
Jeter’s home run was one of
five solo shots that the Yankees
hit. Nick Swisher hit one from
both sides of the plate. Curtis
Granderson and Russell Martin
hit back-to back home runs in the
second inning.
Valentine’s swooning Red Sox
had a three-run shot from Dustin
Pedroia that gave them a 4-3 lead
in the third, but Jeter’s home run
tied the score in the fifth. Phil Hughes allowed four un-
earned runs in seven excellent in-
nings to win for the first time
since Aug. 1. Hughes made the
throwing error that led to all four.
The game started amid a
downpour as mud caked the
mound and small standing pud-
dles formed on the warning track
behind home plate. But the um-
pire crew chief,Gary Darling, de-
spite seeing several cracks of
lightning brighten the sky above,
had the teams play on. After the
Yankees hit their third home run,
Darling allowed the grounds
crew to landscape the mound for
Red Sox starter Franklin Mo-
rales, but he never summoned
the tarp.
The forecast called for rain
shortly after the first pitch, but
that was to be followed by a
clearing, which is what hap-
pened, and the game went on. In the third, Boston was trail-
ing, 3-0, when Mike Aviles led off
with a single to center and went
to third on Hughes’s throwing er-
ror. With runners at first and
third,Pedro Ciriaco beat out the
relay throw on an attempted dou-
ble play,and Aviles scored to
make it 3-1. Jacoby Ellsbury
walked to put runners at first and
second,and one out later Pedroia
hit one of Hughes’s fastballs over
the wall in left field to give the
Red Sox a 4-3 lead. Then it was time for Jeter hero-
ics — a common occurrence to
the delight of Yankees fans.
INSIDE PITCH
MARK TEIXEIRA did not play be-
cause of recurring soreness in his
left wrist. Teixeira said he did not
think it would last long term, but
he may miss a few games. He
missed two games with the same
injury earlier this month.... C.C.
SABATHIA
played catch with his in-
jured teammate ANDY PETTITTE on
Friday as he continued to recover
from left elbow soreness. Sabath-
ia is eligible to come off the dis-
abled list Aug. 24 and has de-
clared he will pitch that day. But
JOE GIRARDI
was not as convinced.
“I haven’t really nailed down that
that’s the date,” he said. “We
have to see how his bullpen goes
and how he feels. That way I
have a little leeway on the second
day or the third day or whenever
it is. Let’s just see how his bull-
pens go before I give an exact
date on it.”
... ALEX RODRIGUEZ
is
scheduled to have another X-ray
on his broken left hand Sunday. Jeter Hits Home Run,
Savoring a Milestone
ULI SEIT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Derek Jeter with Nick Swisher after hitting his 250th home run, tying him for ninth on the Yankees’ all-time list.Swisher hit two.
YANKEES 6
RED SOX 4
D4
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
Brownsville, Coney Island, Dumbo, Bensonhurst — legendary neighbor-
hoods all, although some are, of course, of
more recent vintage. But nowthey are
also the targets and instruments of an
N.B.A. branding campaign. The Nets are
coming to Brooklyn, and evidence of their
impending arrival is popping up,neigh-
borhood by neighborhood.
The Birth
Of a Brand
Photographs by TODD HEISLER/THE NEW YORK TIMES
N
D5
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
D6
ØØ
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
S C O R E B OA R D
S O C C E R
GOLF
Walker Leads Wyndham
Jimmy Walker shot an eight-under-par 62
on Friday to top the leader board at 12 under
in the Wyndham Championship in Greens-
boro, N.C. The defending champion Webb
Simpson was a stroke back after a 63, and
the first-round leader Carl Pettersson joined
Tim Clark, Sergio García and the rookie
Harris English at 10 under.
(AP)
¶ Mika Miyazato and Sydnee Michaels each
shot a seven-under 65 in 100-degree heat in
North Plains, Ore., to share the first-round
lead at the L.P.G.A. Tour’s Safeway Classic. (AP)
¶ Bernhard Langer topped the leader board
at seven under when first-round play in the
Dick’s Sporting Goods Open in Endicott,
N.Y., was suspended because of rain. Lang-
er was facing an 8-foot birdie putt on the
16th hole when play was stopped with 69
players on the course. (AP)
¶ Steven Fox beat Chris Williams, the
world’s top-ranked amateur, in the quarter-
finals of the United States Amateur champi-
onship at the Cherry Hills Country Club in
Colorado. Fox, 21, of Hendersonville, Tenn.,
beat the 21-year-old Williams, of Moscow,
Idaho, 4 and 2. Fox will play Brandon Hagy,
21, of Westlake Village, Calif., in a semifinal
Saturday. (AP)
BASEBALL
New Jersey Team Loses
Jordan Cardenas homered and pitched two
and a third innings of hitless relief, and San
Antonio took advantage of defensive mis-
cues to beat Parsippany, N.J., 5-2, at the Lit-
tle League World Series in South Williams-
port, Pa.
Outfielder Thomas Neal’s lunging catch
saved an extra-base hit and helped Vancou-
ver, British Columbia, beat Nuevo Laredo,
Mexico, 13-9. Mason Gillis drove in two runs with a
check-swing double in a four-run fifth for
New Castle, Ind., to break open a pitcher’s
duel in a 4-0 victory over Greshem, Ore. Uganda, the first team from Africa to ad-
vance to South Williamsport in the 66-year
history of the tournament, fell to Panama in
its debut, 9-3. (AP)
COLLEGES
Oklahoma Suspends Lineman
Oklahoma defensive tackle Stacy McGee
was suspended indefinitely for what Coach
Bob Stoops called a violation of university
policy. McGee is the fifth Sooner to be sus-
pended this off-season. (AP)
¶ Boston College Athletic Director Gene
DeFilippo, who has a treatable form of can-
cer,said he was retiring after 15 years, a
tenure in which he stabilized the program
after a gambling scandal, led it into a new
conference and saw it win four N.C.A.A.
men’s hockey championships. (AP)
HORSE RACING
Injured Jockey Will Return
Jockey Irad Ortiz Jr. was cleared to ride af-
ter injuring his ankle when he was thrown
from his mount at Saratoga Race Course.
Ortiz, 20, will ride the second-favorite
Questing on Saturday in the $600,000 Ala-
bama Stakes for 3-year-old fillies. (AP)
S P O RT S B R I E F I NG BASEBALL
METS SCHEDULE
All Times EDT
Aug. 18 at Washington, 7:05 p.m.
Aug. 19 at Washington, 1:35 p.m.
Aug. 20 Colorado, 7:10 p.m.
Aug. 21 Colorado, 7:10 p.m.
Aug. 22 Colorado, 7:10 p.m.
Aug. 23 Colorado, 1:10 p.m.
Aug. 24 Houston, 7:10 p.m.
Aug. 25 Houston, 1:10 p.m.
Aug. 26 Houston, 1:10 p.m.
Aug. 28 at Philadelphia, 7:05 p.m.
U.S. AMATEUR
CHERRY HILLS VILLAGE, COLO.
Quarterfinals
Upper Bracket
Justin Thomas d. Oliver Goss, 2 up. Michael Weaver d. Ricardo Gouveia, 4 and 3.
Lower Bracket
Steven Fox d. Chris Williams, 4 and 2. Brandon Hagy d. Cheng-Tsung Pan, 4 and 3. Saturday's semifinal pairings
Upper Bracket
10 a.m. — Justin Thomas vs. Michael Weaver
Lower Bracket
10:15 a.m. - Steven Foxs vs. Brandon Hagy
DICK'S SPORTING GOODS OPEN
En-Joie Golf Course
ENDICOTT, N.Y.
Purse: $1.8 million
Yardage: 6,974; Par: 72 (37-35)
First Round Leaderboard
(When play was suspended)
SCORE THRU Bernhard Langer . . . . . . . . . -7 14
Willie Wood. . . . . . . . . . . . . -5 F
John Huston. . . . . . . . . . . . -5 14
Lonnie Nielsen. . . . . . . . . . . -4 14
Mark Wiebe . . . . . . . . . . . . -4 11
Chien-Soon Lu. . . . . . . . . . . -4 8
Mark McNulty . . . . . . . . . . . -3 13
Andy Bean. . . . . . . . . . . . . -3 16
Michael Allen . . . . . . . . . . . -3 5
Gary Hallberg. . . . . . . . . . . -3 4
Joel Edwards . . . . . . . . . . . -3 F
Steve Jones. . . . . . . . . . . . -3 15
Jeff Sluman . . . . . . . . . . . . -3 12
Nick Price . . . . . . . . . . . . . -3 13
Mark Calcavecchia. . . . . . . . -3 12
Loren Roberts. . . . . . . . . . . -3 14
Fulton Allem. . . . . . . . . . . . -2 17
Completed First Round Scores
Willie Wood. . . . . . . . . . . .36-31—67 -5
Joel Edwards . . . . . . . . . .34-35—69 -3
Steve Lowery . . . . . . . . . .37-33—70 -2
Chip Beck . . . . . . . . . . . .36-35—71 -1
Bob Tway. . . . . . . . . . . . .36-36—72 E
Craig Stadler. . . . . . . . . . .37-35—72 E
Vicente Fernandez. . . . . . .35-37—72 E
Tom Purtzer. . . . . . . . . . .38-35—73 +1
Peter Jacobsen. . . . . . . . .39-37—76 +4
Mike McCullough. . . . . . . .40-36—76 +4
Jay Sigel . . . . . . . . . . . . .40-38—78 +6
TRACK AND FIELD
DN GALA MEETING STOCKHOLM
(Race distances in meters)
Men
100—1, Ryan Bailey, United States, 9.93. 2, Nesta Carter, Jamaica, 10.06. 3, Michael Frater, Jamaica, 10.12. 4, Darvis Patton, United States, 10.15. 5, Adam Gemili, Britain, 10.22. 6, Richard Thompson, Trinidad & Tobago, 10.23. 7, Gerald Phiri, Zambia, 10.24. 8, Nil De Oliveira, Sweden, 10.45.
400 hurdles—1, Michael Tinsley, United States, 48.50. 2, Felix Sanchez, Dominican Republic, 48.93. 3, Leford Green, Jamaica, 48.97. 4, Jehue Gordon, Trinidad & Tobago, 49.00. 5, Georg Fleischhauer, Germany, 49.79. 6, Rhys Williams, Britain, 49.93. 7, Michael Bultheel, Belgium, 50.02. 8, Angelo Taylor, United States, 50.41.
800—1, Mohammed Aman, Ethiopia, 1:43.56. 2, Taoufik Makhloufi, Algeria, 1:43.71. 3, Abraham Kipchirchir Rotich, Kenya, 1:44.23. 4, Edwin Kiplagat Melly, Kenya, 1:44.32. 5, Abubaker Kaki, Sudan, 1:44.42. 6, Marcin Lewandowski, Poland, 1:44.96. 7, Adam Kszczot, Poland, 1:45.36. 8, Duane Solomon, United States, 1:46.80. 9, Johan Svensson, Sweden, 1:50.05.
3,000 —1, Isiah Kiplangat Koech, Kenya, 7:30.43. 2, Caleb Mwangangi Ndiku, Kenya, 7:30.99. 3, John Kipkoech, Kenya, 7:34.03. 4, Edwin Cheruiyot Soi, Kenya, 7:34.75. 5, Vincent Kiprop Chepkok, Kenya, 7:35.04. 6, Evan Jager, United States, 7:35.16. 7, Arne Gabius, Germany, 7:35.43. 8, Collis Birmingham, Australia, 7:35.45. 9, Thomas Pkemei Longosiwa, Kenya, 7:40.01. 10. Daniele Meucci, Italy, 7:41.74.
Triple jump—1, Christian Taylor, United States, 56-13/4. 2, Sheryf El Sheryf, Ukraine, 55-11. 3, Lyukman Adams, Russia, 55-61/2. 4, Will Claye, United States, 55-
43/4. 5, Tosin Oke, Nigeria, 55-0. 6, Samyr Laine, Haiti, 54-83/4. Shot put—1, Reese Hoffa, United States, 69-81/4. 2, Tomasz Majewski, Poland, 68-
111/4. 3, Ryan Whiting, United States, 68-81/2. 4, Dylan Armstrong, Canada, 67-
101/4. 5, Christian Cantwell, United States, 67-61/4. 6, Maksim Sidorov, Russia, 64-10. Javelin—1, Tero Pitkamaki, Finland, 285-4. 2, Vitezslav Vesely, Czech Republic, 274-9. 3, Oleksandr Pyatnytsya, Ukraine, 266-6. 4, Antti Ruuskanen, Finland, 262-3. 5, Vadims Vasilevskis, Latvia, 260-4. 6, Ivan Zaytsev, Uzbekistan, 257-11. Women
200—1, Charonda Williams, United States, 22.82. 2, Bianca Knight, United States, 22.86. 3, Mariya Ryemyen, Ukraine, 22.94. 4, Anneisha McLaughlin, Jamaica, 22.96. 5, Jeneba Tarmoh, United States, 23.00. 6, Sherone Simpson, Jamaica, 23.15. 400—1, Sanya Richards-Ross, United States, 49.89. 2, Amantle Montsho, Botswana, 50.03. 3, Christine Ohuruogu, Britain, 50.77. 4, Antonina Krivoshapka, Russia, 50.93. 5, Francena McCorory, United States, 51.08. 6, Deedee Trotter, United States, 51.75. 1,500—1, Maryam Yusuf Jamal, Bahrain, 4:01.19. 2, Mimi Belete, Bahrain, 4:01.72. 3, Abeba Aregawi, Ethiopia, 4:02.04. 4, Shannon Rowbury, United States, 4:03.15. 5, Jenny Simpson, United States, 4:04.71. 100 hurdles—1, Dawn Harper, United States, 12.65. 2, Kellie Wells, United States, 12.76. 3, Alina Talay, Bulgaria, 12.79. 4, Virginia Crawford, United States, 12.83. 5, Queen Harrison, United States, 12.89. 3,000 steeplechase—1, Yuliya Zaripova, Russia, 9:05.02. 2, Habiba Ghribi, Tunisia, 9:10.36. 3, Etenesh Diro Neda, Ethiopia, 9:14.07. 4, Lydia Chepkirui, Kenya, 9:14.98. 5, Ancuta Bobocel, Romania, 9:25.70. High jump—1, Anna Chicherova, Russia, 6-63/4. 2, Svetlana Shkolina, Russia, 6-51/2. 3, Tia Hellebaut, Belgium, 6-41/4. 4, Ruth Beitia, Spain, 6-41/4. 5, Irina Gordeyeva, Russia, 6-2. Pole vault—1, Yarisley Silva, Cuba, 15-5. 2, Silke Spiegelburg, Germany, 14-11. 3, Fabiana Murer, Brazil, 14-11. 4, Lisa Ryzih, Germany, 14-71/2. 5, Jirina Ptacnikova, Czech Republic, 14-71/2. 6, Angelica Bengtsson, Sweden, 14-71/2. Long jump—1, Yelena Sokolova, Russia, 22-41/2. 2, Nastassia Mironchik-Ivanova,
Belarus, 22-13/4. 3, Janay Deloach, United States, 21-111/2. 4, Shara Proctor, Britain, 21-11. 5, Ineta Radevica, Latvia, 21-10. 6, Olga Kucherenko, Russia, 21-9. Shot put—1, Valerie Adams, New Zealand, 66-53/4. 2, Yevgenia Kolodko, Russia, 62-
71/4. 3, Christina Schwanitz, Germany, 61-5. 4, Natalya Mikhnevich, 60-83/4. 5, Michelle Carter, United States, 60-4. Discus throw—1, Sandra Perkovic, Croatia, 225-7. 2, Darya Pischalnikova, Russia, 219-
4. 3, Nadine Muller, Germany, 213-6. 4. Yarelis Barrios, Cuba, 210-11. 5, Stephanie Brown-Trafton, United States, 207-10. SOCCER
M.L.S. STANDINGS
EAST W L T Pts GF GA
Sporting KC 13 7 4 43 30 22
New York 12 7 5 41 40 34
Houston 11 6 7 40 35 27
Chicago 11 7 5 38 28 25
D.C. 11 8 3 36 36 29
Montreal 10 13 3 33 36 43
Columbus 8 8 5 29 21 22
Philadelphia 7 12 2 23 23 27
New England 6 12 5 23 26 29
Toronto FC 5 13 5 20 27 42
WEST W L T Pts GF GA
San Jose 14 5 5 47 47 29
Real Salt Lake 13 9 3 42 36 30
Seattle 10 6 7 37 32 24
Los Angeles 11 11 4 37 44 40
Vancouver 10 8 7 37 28 31
FC Dallas 7 11 8 29 31 34
Chivas USA 7 9 5 26 14 25
Colorado 8 15 1 25 31 35
Portland 5 12 6 21 22 39
Saturday’s Games
Vancouver at Seattle FC, 4 p.m.
Sporting KC at Toronto FC, 4:30 p.m.
San Jose at Montreal, 7:30 p.m.
New England at Chicago, 8:30 p.m.
FC Dallas at Real Salt Lake, 9 p.m.
Chivas USA at Colorado, 9 p.m.
GOLF
WYNDHAM CHAMPIONSHIP
Sedgefield Country Club
GREENSBORO, N.C.
Yardage: 7,117; Par: 70
Second Round
(a-amateur)
Jimmy Walker. . . . . . . . .66-62—128 -12
Webb Simpson . . . . . . . .66-63—129 -11
Tim Clark. . . . . . . . . . . .63-67—130 -10
Sergio Garcia . . . . . . . . .67-63—130 -10
Harris English. . . . . . . . .66-64—130 -10
Carl Pettersson. . . . . . . .62-68—130 -10
Matt Every. . . . . . . . . . .65-66—131 -9
Bud Cauley . . . . . . . . . .66-65—131 -9
Troy Matteson. . . . . . . . .64-68—132 -8
Nicolas Colsaerts. . . . . . .67-65—132 -8
Tommy Gainey . . . . . . . .66-67—133 -7
Bill Haas . . . . . . . . . . . .68-65—133 -7
Davis Love III . . . . . . . . .67-66—133 -7
Kevin Streelman . . . . . . .68-66—134 -6
Tom Gillis. . . . . . . . . . . .64-70—134 -6
Scott Stallings. . . . . . . . .64-70—134 -6
Brandt Snedeker. . . . . . .67-67—134 -6
Rod Pampling. . . . . . . . .68-66—134 -6
Jamie Donaldson. . . . . . .68-66—134 -6
John Huh. . . . . . . . . . . .69-65—134 -6
David Mathis. . . . . . . . . .63-71—134 -6
Chad Campbell. . . . . . . .71-64—135 -5
Arjun Atwal. . . . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -5
Jason Dufner . . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -5
Charl Schwartzel. . . . . . .67-68—135 -5
Nick Watney. . . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -5
John Merrick. . . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -5
Richard H. Lee . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -5
Jason Kokrak . . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -5
Trevor Immelman. . . . . . .67-68—135 -5
Chris Kirk. . . . . . . . . . . .66-69—135 -5
Heath Slocum. . . . . . . . .68-67—135 -5
Rocco Mediate . . . . . . . .70-65—135 -5
Will Claxton. . . . . . . . . . .69-66—135 -5
Chez Reavie. . . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -4
Graham DeLaet. . . . . . . .69-67—136 -4
Justin Leonard . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -4
D.A. Points. . . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -4
Kyle Thompson. . . . . . . .69-67—136 -4
Alexandre Rocha. . . . . . .68-68—136 -4
Y.E. Yang. . . . . . . . . . . .67-69—136 -4
Charles Howell III. . . . . . .67-69—136 -4
Brendon de Jonge. . . . . .68-68—136 -4
Billy Horschel . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -4
Russell Knox. . . . . . . . . .68-68—136 -4
Bobby Gates . . . . . . . . .69-67—136 -4
Tim Herron. . . . . . . . . . .76-61—137 -3
Dicky Pride. . . . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -3
Lucas Glover . . . . . . . . .68-69—137 -3
Gary Christian. . . . . . . . .67-70—137 -3
Derek Lamely. . . . . . . . .69-68—137 -3
Brendan Steele. . . . . . . .72-65—137 -3
SATURDAY
4:05 Boston (Lester (L), 6-10, 5.20) at Yankees (Phelps (R), 3-3, 2.53)
1:07 Texas (Oswalt (R), 4-2, 6.53) at Toronto (Vllanueva (R), 6-2, 3.12)
7:05 Baltimore (Britton (L), 1-1, 8.10) at Detroit (Porcello (R), 9-7, 4.68)
7:10 Chicago (Peavy (R), 9-8, 3.04) at Kansas City (Chen (L), 8-10, 5.56)
9:05 Cleveland (Kluber (R), 0-1, 8.56) at Oakland (Colon (R), 9-9, 3.55)
9:05 Tampa Bay (Cobb (R), 7-8, 4.08) at Los Angeles (Wilson (L), 9-9, 3.32)
9:10 Minnesota (Diamond (L), 10-5, 2.97) at Seattle (Vargas, J (L), 13-8, 3.56)
SATURDAY
7:05 Mets (Niese (L), 9-6, 3.67) at Washington (Jackson (R), 7-7, 3.74)
1:10 (1st game) Chicago (Smardzija (R), 8-10, 4.06) at Cincinnati (Cueto (R), 15-6, 2.45)
4:05 Pittsburgh (Bedard (L), 7-12, 4.56) at St. Louis (Lynn (R), 13-5, 3.65)
7:05 Arizona (Corbin (L), 4-4, 3.41) at Houston (Lyles (R), 2-9, 5.47)
7:10 Philadelphia (Hamels (L), 13-6, 2.91) at Milwaukee (Fiers (R), 6-5, 2.63)
7:10 Los Angeles (Harang (R), 8-7, 3.76) at Atlanta (Sheets (R), 4-2, 2.13)
7:10 (2nd game) Chicago (Raley (L), 0-2, 9.00) at Cincinnati (Redmond (R), No Record)
8:10 Miami (Eovaldi (R), 3-8, 4.28) at Colorado (Chatwood (R), 3-2, 4.28)
8:35 San Francisco (Zito (L), 9-8, 4.29) at San Diego (Stults (L), 3-2, 2.49)
TENNIS
WESTERN & SOUTHERN OPEN
A U.S. Open Series event
The Lindner Family Tennis Center
MASON, OHIO
Singles
Men Quarterfinals
Juan Martin del Potro (6), Argentina, d. Jeremy Chardy, France, 6-1, 6-3. Novak Djokovic (2), Serbia, d. Marin Cilic (12), Croatia, 6-3, 6-2. Stanislas Wawrinka, Switzerland, d. Milos Raonic, Canada, 2-6, 7-6 (5), 6-4. Roger Federer (1), Switzerland, d. Mardy Fish (10), United States, 6-4, 7-6 (4).
Women Third Round
Li Na (9), China, d. Johanna Larsson, Sweden, 6-2, 6-2. Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova (17), Russia, d. Caroline Wozniacki (6), Denmark, 6-4, 6-4.
Women Quarterfinals
Venus Williams, United States, d. Sam Stosur (3), Australia, 6-2, 6-7 (2), 6-4. Angelique Kerber (5), Germany, d. Serena Williams (2), United States, 6-4, 6-4. Li Na (9), China, d. Agnieszka Radwanska (1), Poland, 6-1, 6-1. Li Na (9), China, d. Agnieszka Radwanska (1), Poland, 6-1, 6-1.
A.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Yankees 71 48 .597 —
Tampa Bay 64 54 .542 6
{
Baltimore 64 55 .538 7
Boston 58 62 .483 13
{
Toronto 56 63 .471 15
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 65 53 .551 —
Detroit 64 55 .538 1
{
Cleveland 54 64 .458 11
Kansas City 52 66 .441 13
Minnesota 50 67 .427 14
{
West W L Pct GB
Texas 68 50 .576 —
Oakland 62 55 .530 5
{
Los Angeles 62 57 .521 6
{
Seattle 55 64 .462 13
{
FRIDAY
Yankees 6, Boston 4
Detroit 5, Baltimore 3
Toronto 3, Texas 2
Kansas City 4, Chicago White Sox 2
Cleveland at Oakland
Tampa Bay at L.A. Angels
Minnesota at Seattle
N.L. STANDINGS
East W L Pct GB
Washington 74 45 .622 —
Atlanta 70 49 .588 4
Mets 56 63 .471 18
Philadelphia 54 65 .454 20
Miami 54 66 .450 20
{
Central W L Pct GB
Cincinnati 72 47 .605 —
Pittsburgh 66 53 .555 6
St. Louis 64 55 .538 8
Milwaukee 54 64 .458 17
{
Chicago 46 71 .393 25
Houston 39 81 .325 33
{
West W L Pct GB
San Francisco 64 54 .542 —
Los Angeles 65 55 .542 —
Arizona 60 59 .504 4
{
San Diego 52 68 .433 13
Colorado 45 72 .385 18
{
FRIDAY
Washington 6, Mets 4
Cincinnati 7, Chicago Cubs 3
Atlanta 4, L.A. Dodgers 3, 11 innings
Arizona 3, Houston 1
Milwaukee 6, Philadelphia 2
Pittsburgh 2, St. Louis 1
Miami 6, Colorado 5
San Francisco at San Diego
PRO FOOTBALL
N.F.L. PRESEASON All Times EDT
WEEK 2
Thursday's Games
Cleveland 35, Green Bay 10
Cincinnati 24, Atlanta 19
Friday
Tennessee 30, Tampa Bay 7
Minnesota 36, Buffalo 14
Jacksonville 27, New Orleans 24
Carolina 23, Miami 19
Detroit 27, Baltimore 12
Oakland at Arizona
Saturday
N.Y. Giants at N.Y. Jets, 7 p.m.
San Francisco at Houston, 8 p.m.
Washington at Chicago, 8 p.m.
Kansas City at St. Louis, 9 p.m.
Seattle at Denver, 9 p.m.
Dallas at San Diego, 10 p.m.
Sunday
Indianapolis at Pittsburgh, 8 p.m. (NBC)
TIGERS 5, ORIOLES 3
Baltimore ab r h bi bb so avg.
Markakis rf 5 0 2 1 0 0 .284
Hardy ss 3 1 1 0 0 1 .227
McLouth lf 3 0 0 0 1 0 .256
Ad.Jones cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .293
Wieters c 3 1 1 2 1 0 .245
C.Davis dh 3 0 1 0 1 1 .251
Mar.Reynolds 1b 3 0 0 0 0 3 .218
Mahoney 1b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Machado 3b 4 0 2 0 0 1 .333
Quintanilla 2b 3 1 0 0 1 0 .295
Totals 32 3 7 3 4 7
Detroit ab r h bi bb so avg.
A.Jackson cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .306
Dirks lf-rf 4 0 0 0 0 0 .330
Mi.Cabrera 3b 3 3 2 1 1 1 .329
Fielder 1b 3 2 2 4 1 0 .311
Avila c 4 0 0 0 0 0 .256
D.Young dh 3 0 1 0 0 0 .265
Boesch rf 2 0 0 0 1 2 .248
Berry lf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .274
Jh.Peralta ss 3 0 0 0 0 0 .261
Infante 2b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .296
Totals 29 5 5 5 3 5
Baltimore 001 020 000—3 7 2
Detroit 100 002 02x—5 5 1
HR—Wieters (17), off Verlander; Mi.Cabrera (31), off Tom.Hunter; Fielder (21), off Tom.
Hunter; Fielder (22), off J.Romero. RBIs—
Markakis (41), Wieters 2 (62), Mi.Cabrera (104), Fielder 4 (88). SB—McLouth (3), C.Davis (1). CS—A.Jackson (6). Baltimore ip h r er bb so np era
Tom.Hunter 6 4 3 3 2 3 98 5.49
O'Day L6-1 1
Î/¯
0 1 1 1 2 30 2.55
J.Romero Í/¯
1 1 1 0 0 7 4.50
Detroit ip h r er bb so np era
Verlander 6 6 3 3 4 6 116 2.53
Dotel 1 0 0 0 0 0 12 3.02
Benoit W2-3 1 0 0 0 0 0 12 3.40
Valverde S23-27 1 1 0 0 0 1 16 3.62
T—3:03. A—41,620 (41,255).
YANKEES 6, RED SOX 4
Boston ab r h bi bb so avg.
Ellsbury cf 3 1 1 0 1 0 .264
C.Crawford lf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .287
Pedroia 2b 4 1 1 3 0 0 .281
Ad.Gonzalez 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .305
C.Ross dh 4 0 0 0 0 2 .276
Saltalamacchia c 4 0 0 0 0 2 .226
Aviles ss 4 1 2 0 0 0 .255
Podsednik rf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .368
Ciriaco 3b 3 1 0 1 0 0 .317
Totals 33 4 5 4 1 5
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter dh 4 1 1 1 0 0 .319
Swisher 1b 3 2 2 2 1 0 .266
Cano 2b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .308
An.Jones rf 4 0 1 0 0 0 .215
McGehee 3b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .250
Granderson cf 4 1 2 1 0 1 .237
R.Martin c 4 1 1 1 0 1 .198
J.Nix ss 4 0 1 1 0 2 .262
I.Suzuki lf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .268
Totals 34 6 9 6 1 7
Boston 004 000 000—4 5 1
New York 120 011 10x—6 9 1
E—Aviles (12), P.Hughes (1). LOB—Boston 3, New York 5. 2B—C.Crawford (10). HR—Pedroia (10), off P.Hughes; Swisher (17), off F.Morales; Granderson (31), off F.Morales; R.Martin (13), off F.Morales; Jeter (10), off F.Morales; Swisher (18), off Mortensen. RBIs—Pedroia 3 (47), Ciriaco (12), Jeter (40), Swisher 2 (69), Granderson (69), R.Martin (33), J.Nix (16).
Boston ip h r er bb so np era
F.Morales L3-4 5
Í/¯
6 5 5 1 3 92 3.67
Mortensen 1 2 1 1 0 2 20 1.84
A.Miller 1 1 0 0 0 1 14 2.90
A.Bailey Î/¯
0 0 0 0 1 9 0.00
New York ip h r er bb so np era
P.Hughes W12-10 7 4 4 0 1 4 106 4.23
D.Robertson H17 1 1 0 0 0 0 11 2.45
R.Soriano S30-32 1 0 0 0 0 1 14 1.68
T—2:49. A—49,422 (50,291).
ROYALS 4, WHITE SOX 2
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
De Aza cf 3 0 1 0 0 1 .281
Wise ph-cf 1 0 0 0 0 1 .278
Youkilis 3b 3 0 0 0 0 2 .237
A.Dunn 1b 3 0 0 0 1 1 .206
Konerko dh 4 1 1 1 0 1 .315
Rios rf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .306
Pierzynski c 4 0 1 0 0 0 .296
Al.Ramirez ss 4 1 2 0 0 2 .262
Viciedo lf 4 0 1 0 0 1 .256
Beckham 2b 3 0 2 1 0 0 .227
Totals 33 2 8 2 1 10
Kansas City ab r h bi bb so avg.
Getz 2b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .275
Moustakas 3b 2 1 1 0 0 0 .252
A.Escobar ss 4 1 2 0 0 0 .303
A.Gordon lf 4 0 0 0 0 3 .288
Butler 1b 3 1 1 1 1 0 .302
Hosmer 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .233
S.Perez c 4 0 2 2 0 0 .302
L.Cain cf 4 1 2 1 0 0 .268
Francoeur rf 1 0 0 0 3 1 .242
B.Pena dh 3 0 0 0 1 0 .250
T.Abreu 3b-2b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .286
Totals 32 4 9 4 5 6
Chicago 000 110 000—2 8 0
Kansas City 010 001 20x—4 9 0
HR—Konerko (19), off Mendoza; L.Cain (4), off Sale; Butler (25), off Sale. RBIs—
Konerko (55), Beckham (43), Butler (76), S.Perez 2 (19), L.Cain (20). SB—A.Escobar (23), L.Cain (5). CS—De Aza (10). Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
Sale L14-4 6
Î/¯
9 4 4 4 5 117 2.72
Crain Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 5 1.93
H.Santiago 1 0 0 0 1 1 19 3.57
Kansas City ip h r er bb so np era
Mendoza W7-8 7 4 2 2 1 6 85 4.26
K.Herrera H14 1 2 0 0 0 3 24 2.51
G.Holland S5-7 1 2 0 0 0 1 13 3.14
T—2:31. A—22,169 (37,903).
BLUE JAYS 3, RANGERS 2
Texas ab r h bi bb so avg.
Kinsler 2b 3 0 0 0 1 1 .267
Andrus ss 4 0 0 0 0 2 .295
Hamilton lf-cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .290
Beltre dh 3 1 1 0 1 1 .303
Mi.Young 1b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .270
Dav.Murphy rf-lf 4 0 2 0 0 2 .303
Soto c 3 0 0 0 0 2 .175
Gentry cf 2 0 0 1 0 1 .318
N.Cruz ph-rf 1 0 0 0 1 0 .266
Olt 3b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .222
Totals 31 2 4 1 3 12
Toronto ab r h bi bb so avg.
R.Davis lf 4 0 1 1 0 1 .259
K.Johnson 2b 3 1 1 0 1 1 .230
McCoy pr-2b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .190
Encarnacion dh 3 1 1 2 1 1 .294
Cooper 1b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .285
Y.Escobar ss 3 0 0 0 0 1 .245
Sierra rf 3 0 0 0 0 1 .333
Vizquel 3b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .216
Mathis c 3 0 0 0 0 3 .221
Gose cf 2 1 1 0 0 1 .200
Totals 28 3 4 3 2 11
Texas 000 010 100—2 4 0
Toronto 200 010 00x—3 4 1
HR—Encarnacion (31), off Darvish. RBIs—
Gentry (26), R.Davis (33), Encarnacion 2 (82). SB—R.Davis 2 (37), Gose (9). Texas ip h r er bb so np era
Darvish L12-9 7 3 3 3 1 10 114 4.51
Ogando 1 1 0 0 1 1 17 2.88
Toronto ip h r er bb so np era
Happ W2-1 6 2 1 1 1 8 98 5.09
Delabar H5 Î/¯
1 1 0 2 1 28 3.91
Lyon H4 Î/¯
0 0 0 0 1 5 1.64
Loup H3 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 1 5 2.60
Lincoln H1 Í/¯
1 0 0 0 0 3 5.79
Janssen S16-18 1 0 0 0 0 1 11 2.27
T—2:42. A—26,816 (49,260).
REDS 7, CUBS 3
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
DeJesus rf 5 0 0 0 0 0 .267
Barney 2b 5 0 1 0 0 0 .268
Rizzo 1b 5 0 2 0 0 0 .299
A.Soriano lf 4 0 0 0 1 1 .260
S.Castro ss 4 1 2 0 0 0 .278
Valbuena 3b 4 1 3 1 0 0 .221
B.Jackson cf 4 1 1 0 0 2 .194
Clevenger c 2 0 1 0 2 0 .232
T.Wood p 2 0 1 1 0 1 .219
LaHair ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .257
Bowden p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Cardenas ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .209
Al.Cabrera p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 37 3 11 2 3 5
Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg.
Cozart ss 4 1 1 1 0 1 .248
Stubbs cf 4 0 2 1 0 1 .231
B.Phillips 2b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .291
Ludwick lf 4 1 2 1 0 0 .271
Bruce rf 3 2 1 1 0 0 .251
Frazier 1b 4 2 2 2 0 1 .286
Rolen 3b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .248
Hanigan c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .278
Arroyo p 3 1 1 0 0 1 .156
Arredondo p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Broxton p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Chapman p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 33 7 10 6 0 5
Chicago 010 200 000—3 11 2
Cincinnati 010 510 00x—7 10 1
E—T.Wood 2 (2), Stubbs (4). LOB—
Chicago 10, Cincinnati 3. 2B—Valbuena (13), Clevenger (10), Cozart (29), Arroyo (1). 3B—Stubbs (2). HR—Valbuena (4), off Arroyo; Ludwick (23), off T.Wood; Frazier (16), off T.Wood; Bruce (25), off T.Wood. RBIs—Valbuena (20), T.Wood (1), Cozart (28), Stubbs (37), Ludwick (66), Bruce (75), Frazier 2 (51). SB—Frazier (3). Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
T.Wood L4-9 5 9 7 6 0 3 97 4.83
Bowden 2 1 0 0 0 0 18 5.79
Al.Cabrera 1 0 0 0 0 2 10 6.00
Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era
Arroyo W9-7 6
Í/¯
9 3 3 3 3 109 3.96
Arredondo H10 Î/¯
0 0 0 0 0 7 2.61
Broxton 1 2 0 0 0 2 18 7.20
Chapman 1 0 0 0 0 0 7 1.24
T—2:49. A—35,332 (42,319).
NATIONALS 6, METS 4
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Tejada ss 5 0 1 0 0 0 .316
An.Torres cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .234
D.Wright 3b 4 1 2 0 0 0 .322
Hairston rf 4 2 3 0 0 0 .274
Dan.Murphy 1b 4 0 1 2 0 0 .293
R.Cedeno 2b 2 0 0 1 2 0 .280
Bay lf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .155
Acosta p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
R.Ramirez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
I.Davis ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .216
Shoppach c 4 1 1 1 0 2 .143
J.Santana p 2 0 0 0 0 0 .086
Valdespin lf 1 0 0 0 1 1 .252
Totals 34 4 8 4 3 5
Washington ab r h bi bb so avg.
Werth rf 4 2 2 0 0 0 .319
Harper cf 3 2 2 2 1 0 .249
Zimmerman 3b 4 1 2 0 0 0 .280
Morse lf 4 1 1 4 0 1 .299
LaRoche 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .263
Desmond ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .283
Espinosa 2b 2 0 0 0 1 1 .253
K.Suzuki c 3 0 0 0 0 0 .206
Detwiler p 2 0 0 0 0 2 .065
Stammen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Bernadina ph 1 0 1 0 0 0 .299
Storen p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Clippard p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Totals 31 6 8 6 2 5
New York 200 001 100—4 8 0
Washington 000 420 00x—6 8 0
2B—Tejada (20), Hairston 3 (21). HR—
Shoppach (1), off Stammen; Morse (12), off J.Santana; Harper (11), off J.Santana. RBIs—Dan.Murphy 2 (51), R.Cedeno (21), Shoppach (1), Harper 2 (34), Morse 4 (44). CS—Bernadina (3). DP—Washington 1
New York ip h r er bb so np era
J.Santana L6-9 5 7 6 6 0 4 93 4.85
Acosta 2 1 0 0 2 0 28 8.73
R.Ramirez 1 0 0 0 0 1 13 4.11
Washington ip h r er bb so np era
Detwiler W7-5 6 6 3 3 1 1 84 3.25
Stammen H9 1 1 1 1 0 2 13 2.58
Storen H5 1 1 0 0 0 0 9 5.23
Clippard S26-30 1 0 0 0 2 2 20 2.93
T—2:42. A—34,827 (41,487).
PIRATES 2, CARDINALS 1
Pittsburgh ab r h bi bb so avg.
S.Marte lf 4 0 1 0 0 0 .247
Snider rf 3 1 1 0 1 0 .333
A.McCutchen cf 2 1 1 0 2 1 .360
G.Jones 1b 4 0 1 0 0 1 .283
Grilli p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Hanrahan p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
McKenry c 4 0 0 0 0 1 .269
P.Alvarez 3b 4 0 2 0 0 0 .238
Barmes ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .218
Mercer 2b 3 0 0 0 0 1 .159
Ja.McDonald p 2 0 0 0 0 0 .140
Y.Navarro ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .174
Resop p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
J.Cruz p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
G.Sanchez 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 .210
Totals 31 2 6 0 3 5
St. Louis ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jay cf 3 0 0 0 1 1 .304
Craig 1b 3 0 1 0 1 1 .303
Holliday lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .306
Beltran rf 3 1 1 0 1 1 .279
Freese 3b 4 0 2 0 0 1 .301
Descalso 2b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .230
T.Cruz c 2 0 0 1 1 0 .226
Furcal ss 3 0 0 0 0 2 .267
Westbrook p 2 0 0 0 0 1 .136
Rzepczynski p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
M.Carpenter ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .312
Salas p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 29 1 4 1 4 10
Pittsburgh 000 200 000—2 6 0
St. Louis 000 000 100—1 4 1
E—Furcal (13). LOB—Pittsburgh 5, St Louis 5. 2B—P.Alvarez (18), Craig (26), Freese (21). RBIs—T.Cruz (9). Pittsburgh ip h r er bb so np era
McDonaldW11-5 6 2 0 0 3 7 87 3.61
Resop H8 Î/¯
2 1 1 0 0 13 4.06
J.Cruz H14 Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 2 2.67
Grilli H27 1 0 0 0 0 2 16 2.44
Hanrahan S34-37 1 0 0 0 1 1 21 2.51
St. Louis ip h r er bb so np era
Westbrook L12-9 7
Î/¯
6 2 1 3 3 110 3.50
Rzepczynski Í/¯
0 0 0 0 1 5 4.93
Salas 1 0 0 0 0 1 11 4.30
T—2:47. A—38,689 (43,975).
LITTLE LEAGUE WORLD SERIES SOUTH WILLIAMSPORT, PA.
All Times EDT Double Elimination
UNITED STATES
GREAT LAKES, New Castle, Ind.; MID-
ATLANTIC, Parsippany, N.J.; MIDWEST, Kearney, Neb.; NEW ENGLAND, Fairfield, Conn.; NORTHWEST, Gresham, Ore.; SOUTHEAST, Goodlettsville, Tenn.; SOUTHWEST, San Antonio; WEST, Petaluma, Calif.
INTERNATIONAL
ASIA-PACIFIC, Taoyuan, Taiwan; CANADA, Vancouver, British Columbia; CARIBBEAN, Willemstad, Curacao; EUROPE, Ramstein, Germany; JAPAN, Tokyo; LATIN AMERICA, Aguadulce, Panama; MEA, Lugazi, Uganda; MEXICO, Nuevo Laredo.
Thursday
Tokyo 7, Willemstad, Curacao 0
Petaluma, Calif. 6, Fairfield, Conn. 4
Taoyuan, Taiwan 14, Ramstein, Germany 1, 4 innings
Goodlettsville, Tenn. 12, Kearney, Neb. 1
Friday
Vancouver, British Columbia 13, Nuevo Laredo, Mexico 9
San Antonio 5, Parsippany, N.J. 2
Aguadulce, Panama 9, Lugazi, Uganda 3
New Castle, Ind. 4, Gresham, Ore. 0
BRAVES 4, DODGERS 3
Los Angeles ab r h bi bb so avg.
Victorino lf 4 0 1 1 0 2 .263
M.Ellis 2b 5 1 1 0 0 1 .263
Kemp cf 4 0 0 0 1 0 .349
Ethier rf 4 1 1 2 1 0 .285
H.Ramirez ss 5 0 2 0 0 1 .261
Loney 1b 4 0 1 0 0 0 .255
J.Rivera ph-1b 1 0 0 0 0 0 .241
L.Cruz 3b 3 1 3 0 2 0 .280
Treanor c 5 0 0 0 0 2 .176
J.Wright p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Capuano p 2 0 0 0 0 1 .095
Belisario p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
E.Herrera ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .244
Choate p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
League p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
A.Ellis c 0 0 0 0 0 0 .275
Totals 38 3 9 3 4 7
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourn cf 3 0 2 0 1 0 .293
Prado lf 5 0 0 1 0 1 .296
Heyward rf 4 0 1 1 1 2 .275
C.Jones 3b 5 1 1 1 0 0 .313
F.Freeman 1b 5 0 0 0 0 3 .273
Uggla 2b 5 0 0 0 0 3 .213
D.Ross c 4 1 1 0 1 1 .272
Janish ss 5 1 3 0 0 1 .227
Hanson p 1 0 0 0 0 1 .028
Durbin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Re.Johnson ph 1 1 1 0 0 0 .304
Kimbrel p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
O'Flaherty p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Pastornicky ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .256
Venters p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
J.Francisco ph 1 0 1 1 0 0 .263
Totals 40 4 10 4 3 13
Los Angeles 000 002 100 00—3 9 1
Atlanta 010 000 020 01—4 10 1
E—Treanor (3), F.Freeman (5). LOB—Los Angeles 8, Atlanta 9. 2B—Victorino (23), M.Ellis (10), H.Ramirez (24), L.Cruz (13). HR—Ethier (12), off Hanson; C.Jones (13), off Capuano. RBIs—Victorino (47), Ethier 2 (69), Prado (52), Heyward (61), C.Jones (54), J.Francisco (28). SB—Bourn (32), Heyward (17), Janish (1). CS—Victorino (5). S—Victorino, Capuano, Bourn, Hanson. DP—Atlanta 1
Los Angeles ip h r er bb so np era
Capuano 7
Í/¯
5 3 3 1 8 91 3.14
Belisario BS3-3 1
Î/¯
1 0 0 1 3 30 3.06
Choate Í/¯
1 0 0 0 1 6 2.90
League L0-1 1
Í/¯
2 1 1 1 1 30 10.80
J.Wright 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 4.08
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Hanson 6
Î/¯
7 3 3 2 5 100 4.27
Durbin 1
Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 16 3.04
Kimbrel 1 0 0 0 1 2 15 1.20
O'Flaherty 1 0 0 0 1 0 14 2.32
Venters W5-3 1 2 0 0 0 0 16 3.54
T—3:36. A—33,093 (49,586).
By GRAHAM RUTHVEN
It takes something special for England
to forget about soccer —something as mo-
mentous as the greatest show on earth’s
rolling into London for two weeks, in fact.
But after a summer off, and a soaring Sum-
mer Olympics, the English Premier
League is back to reclaim its title as the
land’s greatest sporting spectacle.
The league, with its global following, will
begin its long season Saturday, and it will
start with Robin van Persie, the league’s
top returning scorer, suddenly wearing the
uniform of mighty Manchester United af-
ter eight years with Arsenal. Whether this
expensive transfer will reignite the once
fierce competition between these two clubs
will depend on whether Arsenal can mount
a serious title challenge, which it has failed
to do in recent seasons.
More likely, Manchester United’s man-
ager, Alex Ferguson,had Manchester City
in mind when he acquired van Persie, a
Dutch striker,this week. The 2011-12 Pre-
mier League season ended with the two
Manchester teams tied for first place, sep-
arated only by goal difference.
But one extra goal, scored by Manches-
ter City’s Sergio Agüero with just 40 sec-
onds remaining in injury time in the last
game of the season, was enough to give
Manchester City the league title and deny
Manchester United its 20th. And for the
first time in a generation, Manchester
United now finds itself in a shadow cast
from across its own city.
The challenge for Manchester City’s
manager, Roberto Mancini,will be to
prove what happened in May was just the
start of his team’s supremacy. But a board-
room struggle with the team’s director,
Brian Marwood, over what Mancini per-
ceived to be a lack of funds to acquire new
players hindered City’s preseason prep-
arations. Fresh from a preseason tour of the Unit-
ed States, and a loss to the M.L.S. All-Stars
in Philadelphia, Chelsea starts the new
season on the heels of a puzzling paradox. In some ways, last season was one to for-
get. The worst league finish since the Rus-
sian oligarch Roman Abramovich took
over as owner in 2003, a bitter managerial
change and even racism allegations
against defender John Terry were all en-
dured, yet the season ended with a Cham-
pions League title. Now Chelsea has embarked on the next
phase of Abramovich’s master plan. A single star, signifying their new cham-
pions-of-Europe status, has been embroi-
dered on this season’s jerseys and repre-
sents all that Abramovich dreamed of.
Well, almost.
Barcelona’s former manager, Pep Guar-
diola, might not have been tempted by
Abramovich’s flirting over the summer, but
Roberto Di Matteo, who stepped in and led
Chelsea to Champions League glory, has
been briefed about replicating the type of
clever, intricate soccer for which Barcelo-
na has become famous. Along those lines, about $90 million was
spent to acquire the Brazilian playmaker
Oscar and Belgium’s Eden Hazard, who
has likened himself to Lionel Messi. If you
are going to evoke Barcelona, that is cer-
tainly a start.
Arsenal Manager Arsène Wenger has
made a number of shrewd additions to his
squad,but,just as was the case last year,
the club’s summer has been dogged by
speculation regarding the future of its star
performers. The van Persie saga might
have reached a conclusion, but midfielder
Alex Song is still the subject of interest
from Barcelona. At Tottenham Hotspur, the Croatian mid-
fielder Luka Modric is playing the role of
disembodied star, with a move to Real Ma-
drid likely to be sealed soon. In a peculiar
twist, Modric almost joined André Villas-
Boas at Chelsea last season before Villas-
Boas was dumped as the Blues’ manager.
Now Villas-Boas presides over Tottenham,
and Modric is trying to leave. Villas-Boas insists he has nothing to
prove after his ignominious dismissal by
Chelsea but argues that his new team can
win the title. In Liverpool, the club’s worst Premier
League finish — eighth place — cost Kenny
Dalglish, better known as King Kenny,his
job as manager. The team’s Boston-based
owners, the Fenway Sports Group, who
these days also have the troubled Boston
Red Sox to contend with, brought in Bren-
dan Rodgers to replace him.
Rodgers’s attractive, passing philosophy
with Swansea last season attracted wide-
spread praise. He was even a guest of
Spain’s coach, Vicente Del Bosque, at his
Euro 2012 training camp. The challenge for
Rodgers will be to communicate his philos-
ophy to a team in desperate need of one.
There are, of course, two parallel story
lines in the Premier League, the other al-
ways involving teams fighting to gain en-
try into the league, or to avoid relegation. The three new teams this year are Read-
ing, Southampton and West Ham. Gone are
Bolton, Blackburn and Wolverhampton.
The nature of the league dictates that if
you’re not fighting for the top, you’re fight-
ing the drop. For many teams a middle-of-the-pack
finish would represent a successful cam-
paign. It is all about to start, with numer-
ous games now broadcast live on weekend
mornings across the United States.
In that regard, the English Premier
League now extends from London to Los
Angeles. So as American fans would say:
play ball.
KIRSTY WIGGLESWORTH/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Having moved from Arsenal, Robin van Persie will try to help Manchester United
knock its crosstown rival Manchester City from its place atop the Premier League.
In England’s Premier League,
Many Suitors for the Top Spot
ØØ
N
D7
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
F O OT BA L L
By The Associated Press
The New England Patriots
have agreed to terms with the
Olympic medalist Jeff Demps,
who played running back at Flor-
ida but was not drafted by an
N.F.L.team because he said he
wanted to focus on track.
Nick Caserio, the Patriots’
player personnel director,said in
a meeting with reporters Friday
that the team had nothing to re-
port. But later in the night, after
reports began to surface, the Pa-
triots issued a news release to an-
nounce the signing.
Demps, 22,earned an Olympic
silver medal in the 4x100-meter
relay as part of the team that fin-
ished second to Jamaica at the
London Games last week. His
football agent, Daniel Rose, said
this week that several N.F.L.
teams were interested in Demps.
Tampa Bay and the Jets were
among the teams that confirmed
their interest. Caserio confirmed
that the Patriots scouted Demps,
but he went undrafted after he
said he was giving up football.
“Good with the ball, good
speed, caught the ball O.K., a lit-
tle bit undersized,” Caserio said.
“Florida has had a track record of
some pretty good football players
that have come out of there. But
any time we go into a school,
we’ll look at everybody,regard-
less of whatever their circum-
stance is.”
Demps had 2,470 rushing yards
and 23 touchdowns in four sea-
sons with the Gators, but he did
not attend any college football
all-star games or take part in any
N.F.L.draft workouts while he fo-
cused on track. He averaged 28.8
yards a return and also won mul-
tiple national championships in
track and field.
“Obviously, he wants to get to
work,” Rose said earlier this
week. “He had some commit-
ments he had to finish up with the
Olympics, and we’ve been very
honest and open with the teams.
Now that’s all over with,and he
can go to sleep and wake up
Thursday morning and focus on
football.”
BOWE SIGNS OFFER
Chiefs wide
receiver Dwayne Bowe signed
his franchise tender after skip-
ping Kansas City’s entire off-sea-
son program and the beginning
of training camp.He will make
about $9.5 million this season af-
ter the two sides failed to reach a
long-term deal by the July 16
deadline.
STEELER ACTIVATIONS
Before
they broke camp at St. Vincent
College in Latrobe, Pa., the Steel-
ers made a surprise move in acti-
vating nose tackle Casey Hamp-
ton and running back Rashard
Mendenhall from the physically
unable to perform list.Each vet-
eran has been rehabilitating a
torn anterior cruciate ligament
sustained in January.
JAGUARS EDGE SAINTS
Jordan
Palmer hit Kevin Elliott with an
11-yard touchdown pass on fourth
down with 13 seconds left, lifting
the Jacksonville Jaguars to a 27-
24 preseason victory over the
Saints in New Orleans.Blaine
Gabbert,a second-year quarter-
back for the Jaguars,completed
13 of 16 passes for 112 yards and
two touchdowns.The Saints’
Drew Brees was 10 of 13 for 133
yards and one touchdown, an
8-yard pass to Devery Hender-
son.
PANTHERS TOP DOLPHINS
Cam
Newton outplayed the rookie
Ryan Tannehill in a matchup of
young quarterbacks as the Caro-
lina Panthers defeated the Miami
Dolphins, 23-17, in Charlotte, N.C.
Newton looked extremely sharp,
completing 8 of 11 passes for 119
yards and a touchdown,and the
Panthers jumped all over the in-
jury-depleted Dolphins defense
early, scoring on their first three
possessions to take a 17-0 lead.
TITANS TROUNCE BUCCANEERS
Chris Johnson ran for two touch-
downs, and Rob Bironas kicked
three field goals as the Tennessee
Titans capitalized on some early
turnovers to earn a 30-7 victory
over the Buccaneers in Tampa,
Fla.
VIKINGS BEAT BILLS Christian
Ponder threw a first-quarter
touchdown pass in a sharp,three-
possession appearance,and the
Minnesota Vikings breezed to a
36-14 victory over the visiting
Buffalo Bills, who got a decent
performance from the backup
quarterback candidate Vince
Young.
LIONS DEFEAT RAVENS
Matthew
Stafford threw two touchdown
passes, Calvin Johnson had five
catches for 111 yards and a score,
and the Detroit Lions beat the
host Baltimore Ravens,27-12.
Stafford went 12 for 17 for 184
yards in four possessions.
N.F.L. ROUNDUP Olympian
And Patriots
Reach Terms
On a Deal
By ZACH SCHONBRUN
EAST RUTHERFORD, N.J. —
The prevailing hullabaloo at Gi-
ants training camp in Albany
arose on Tuesday, relating to un-
comfortable dorm room accom-
modations.
Specifically, the beds were stiff
and too small. A few players de-
veloped back soreness. A couple
of headlines emerged.
“And that was the last day of
camp,” tight end Martellus Ben-
nett said. “Somebody should’ve
complained about it earlier. They
would’ve done something about
it.” The rest of the football uni-
verse yawned. The ho-hum Giants have man-
aged to avoid any major contro-
versy heading into this season.
Instead they watched with be-
musement as the Jets turned
their training camp home in Cort-
land, N.Y., into a story generator
for the N.F.L.’s preseason news
cycle.
From the brawls during prac-
tice to a shirtless Tim Tebow to
the preposterously blatant at-
tempts at secrecy surrounding
the Wildcat offense, there has
been no shortage of distractions
clouding the Jets’ preparation.
Meanwhile, the Giants, the reign-
ing Super Bowl champions, have
carried out their camp with all
the electricity of a library tour.
“I think we prefer it that way,”
wide receiver Victor Cruz said.
“We like to fly under the radar
and do our work in silence. Once
we start piling together some
wins, that’s when the accolades
come. We like to just play our
game.”
The Giants will be the visiting
team at MetLife Stadium on Sat-
urday night when they face the
Jets in the second preseason
game for both teams. They will
enter the game almost over-
looked, even though their roster
remains largely unchanged from
the one that won the Super Bowl
in February.
Some players are gone, includ-
ing running back Brandon Ja-
cobs, who had been one of the
team’s more vocal members. His
comments about the Jets were a
topic of conversation in the Gi-
ants’ locker room Thursday.
“It’s a circus, man,” Jacobs told
CBSSports.com, adding, “I’m just
so tired of reading and hearing of
everything over there, and it’s
mid-August.”
Sizzling rivalry fodder — ex-
cept Jacobs made the comments
from San Francisco, where he
now plays for the 49ers.
The current Giants could only
smile. “I’m not going there,” Cruz
said when asked about Jacobs’s
opinion. “The Jets are the hometown ri-
val, but we come to play with
whoever” was all running back
Ahmad Bradshaw would offer on
the subject.
When Bennett arrived as a free
agent from Dallas, he thought he
was joining a team that would re-
ceive most of the attention from
the fans and news media in the
New York metropolitan area,
considering the Giants are the
defending champions.
“I came here thinking they’d
get more respect than they do,”
Bennett said. “I don’t think peo-
ple respect us the way they
should. I think that’s the way it’s
always been around here. “It seems like the way they like
it.”
Bennett has been the team’s
most colorful newcomer. He
showed up in Albany in a Bentley
and, at various times, has com-
pared himself to a black unicorn,
Gandhi and Kim Kardashian. But he said he was beginning
to sense that the Giants preferred
keeping things on the mild side.
“There are a lot of teams that
haven’t won in a long time that
get way more attention than we
get here,” Bennett said. “But it’s
all good. Nobody here really
cares. We all just want to prove it
on Sunday. I like that. It’s all
about football here. It’s not about
what everybody thinks about us
or anything like that. We do foot-
ball.” Quarterback Eli Manning
joked earlier in training camp
about feeling like the third most
popular quarterback in the city,
behind Mark Sanchez, the Jets’
starter, and Tebow, Sanchez’s
backup. Is he going to use such a
slight as motivation on Satur-
day?
“No, I’m just excited about go-
ing against a good team, going
against a good defense, and see-
ing where we stand,” Manning
said.
Last week, David Carr, Man-
ning’s backup, joked about taking
his shirt off to try to generate
more attention, but then added of
the Jets’ quarterbacks, “I don’t
envy their situation at all.” “It’s crazy that the defending
Super Bowl champs don’t really
have a lot of pressure on them,”
Carr said. “It’s weird to say that,
but we don’t get much attention.
That’s our personality. All the
other stuff is great for other
teams, but we kind of relish the
role we’re in.”
At the training facility here, the
players sleepily filed into their
blue-carpeted locker room Thurs-
day morning. Linebacker Clint
Sintim and defensive end Justin
Trattou were cut. A few backs re-
mained sore. But the rumor Rich-
ter scale hardly flinched.
And in the Giants’ world, no
news is good news.
KATHY WILLENS/ASSOCIATED PRESS
All the attention the Jets have received led Eli Manning to joke that he felt like the third most popular quarterback in the city. As Jets Grab Spotlight, Giants Are Happy to Step Aside
By TIM ROHAN
Just last week, Tyrann Mathieu
was the rare collegiate defensive
back who had earned star status
as an outspoken dervish of a
player, one who demanded atten-
tion whenever he got near the
ball. But Mathieu’s life has
changed drastically, taking two
sharp turns.
He was dismissed from the
Louisiana State team Aug. 10,for
an unspecified rules violation,
and his father reportedly told a
New Orleans TV station that he
has since checked into a drug re-
habilitation facility in the Hous-
ton area. He is also being coun-
seled by John Lucas, a former
N.B.A. player and coach who has
struggled with drug addiction.
The turnaround in Mathieu’s
life may be considered stunning,
but the struggles he is facing are
not unusual.Just this off-season,
Michael Dyer, a former Auburn
running back, was dismissed
from Arkansas State.Greg Reid
will play cornerback for Valdosta
State, not Florida State, for vio-
lating team rules.Georgia run-
ning back Isaiah Crowell was dis-
missed from the squad.Notre
Dame quarterback Tommy Rees
and Clemson wideout Sammy
Watkins face suspensions.
“I guess they’re too young, or
too immature, but there are too
many temptations out there, and
particularly if their background
lends itself to that,” said Joe Till-
er, a former Purdue coach. “It’s
just a matter of time until the guy
implodes.”
The list of college stars who
ran afoul of the rules stretches
back for years.Brian Bosworth in
1987, Lawrence Phillips in 1995,
Peter Warrick in 1999 and Cam
Newton in 2008 all gained a de-
gree of notoriety. In today’s information age, it is
easier to get in trouble, said
LaVar Arrington, who starred at
Penn State in 1998 and 1999. He
said he never considered himself
a star, though he said he was
overwhelmed by the attention he
received after he appeared on the
cover of Sports Illustrated. Now it is to a point, Arrington
said, where “you almost have to
live like a hermit if you don’t
want to get in trouble.” Mathieu already had a memo-
rable nickname — the Honey
Badger — and his dynamic style
of play, coupled with his outgoing
personality, turned him into a
public figure last season at the
age of 19.
“It’s difficult to tell people to be
that character that makes people
want to buy your jersey, or label
you the Honey Badger, and then
when the lights are off and
there’s nothing else going on,
now you’ve got to take that uni-
form, that costume,off and be
something totally different,”
Arrington said. “Your best com-
modity that may make you into a
superstar may be the same thing
that leads to you being in trou-
ble.”
These types of problems can
begin even during the recruiting
process, when coaches,confi-
dants and friends repeatedly tell
players “how special they are,”
Tiller said, adding, “Almost to the
point where we elevate ourselves
to a status where we believe
we’re nearly untouchable.”
Once they reach campus,they
can become exposed, especially
with the advent of Twitter. Ma-
thieu has more than 150,000 fol-
lowers on the social media site,
on which he posted in a space re-
served for biographical informa-
tion, “Dont follow me, I am not
perfect.” Unlike in past eras, a player’s
every move can be watched, re-
corded and dissected these days,
said Lloyd Carr, a former Michi-
gan coach. Coaches’ pleas to act
with caution can fall on some
young and immature ears. “The truth is,the great major-
ity of them, they get it,” Carr said.
“But there are always examples
out there every day that we can
use, things that happen when you
make mistakes.”
In January 1987, Bosworth was
suspended for steroid use and ul-
timately forced off the team at
Oklahoma.In 1995,Phillips, a Ne-
braska running back, was arrest-
ed on charges of assaulting his
girlfriend. He wound up being re-
instated by Tom Osborne, the
Cornhuskers’ coach, as the team
finished with the No. 1 ranking in
the country. In 1999, Warrick was arrested
in connection with a scheme to
underpay for clothes at a depart-
ment store in Tallahassee, Fla.,
where he attended Florida State.
His subsequent suspension may
have cost him the Heisman Tro-
phy. Newton transferred from Flor-
ida in 2008, having been charged
with the theft of a laptop comput-
er. He eventually wound up at
Auburn, where he won the Heis-
man, but his collegiate career
was dogged by controversy.
And there seems to be no letup
in these types of situations.
“The sport has never been as
popular as it’s been today,” Tiller
said. “I think it’s a little bit of
overkill, really. We’re almost
placing these athletes in an un-
real world, sending them mes-
sages that aren’t in line with real-
life facts. As a result, they think
they can act any way they
choose.”
Merely the Latest College Star to Stumble Amid All the Attention
JOHN MINCHILLO/ASSOCIATED PRESS
The star defensive back Tyrann Mathieu was dismissed from the L.S.U. football team last week.
‘You almost have to
live like a hermit’ to
avoid trouble,a
former player says.
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D8
N
THE NEW YORK TIMES, SATURDAY,AUGUST 18, 2012
90°
80°
70°
60°
Record
highs
Normal
highs
Normal
lows
Record
lows
M T W T F S S M T W
TODAY
High High
Actual
Forecast
range
LowLow
Color bands
indicate water
temperature.
80s
70s
60s
83/71 Heavy thunderstorms
Virginia Beach
82/66 Showers, thunder
Ocean City Md.
82/62 A couple of storms
Eastern Shore
80/67 A couple of thunderstorms
N.J. Shore
77/67 A couple of thunderstorms
L.I. South Shore
78/63 A couple of thunderstorms
L.I. North Shore
78/63 Showers, thunderstorm
Cape Cod
76/57 Showers, thunderstorm
Kennebunkport
Today’s forecast
H
80s
s
70s
0s
s
s
s
70s
s
60s
50
s
40s
40s
s
1
00
+
100+
100
100
1
10
1
90
s
9
0s
90
s
0s
90s
80
s
80
s
8
s
80s
s
80
s
80s
s
s
70
70s
s
s
7
0
s
7
0
s
7
0
s
60
s
50
s
Pi
err
e
Bis
m
a
r
ck
F
arg
o
Minneapolis
n
St. Paul
S
Chicago
o
kee
Milwauk
Indianapolis
i
D
etro
it
C
levelan
d
Pittsburgh
h
Washingto
on
o
ngto
hi
W
phia
Philad
adelphia
ad
h
ia
hila
adelph
a
h
h
New Yo
York
Yor
o
o
Richmo
ond
o
hm
Norfolk
N
N
N
gh
Raleigh
Charlotte
harlotte
harlotte
Cha
rlo
ar
bia
Columb
At
l
a
n
ta
Jacksonville
J
Orlando
O
Tampa
a
Mi
am
i
N
assa
u
Birmingham
h
Mobile
Mo
New
New
Orleans
Jackson
n
Baton Rouge
o
Li
tt
l
e R
oc
k
Memphis
lle
Nashvi
il
sville
Louis
s
Charlesto
on
o
e
Sioux Falls
o
C
aspe
r
Cheyenne
De
nv
er
olorado
Co
o
Springs
S
S
eg
Winnipeg
na
Regin
n
Billings
Billings
Billings
H
e
l
en
a
ise
Bois
is
S
Spokane
S
Va
ancouver
a
Seatt
tle
t
R
e
n
o
S
Sa
a
Sa
n
an
n Francisco
n
co
F
Fresno
F
Lo
Los Lo
s Angeles
os S
S
Sa
S
San
Sa
n Diego
an
o
H
ono
l
u
lu
Hilo
H
F
Fairban
nks
n
Anchorage
Anchora
age
a
Juneau
eau
Phoenix
Phoe
Phoe
P
P
ucson
Tucso
ucso
L
a
s
Vega
Vegas
Vega
e
Salt Lake
ke
C
it
y
Albuquerque
uque
uque
S
anta F
e
L
ubbock
El
P
as
o
F
t
. W
o
r
t
h
allas
Dall
all
O
klahoma C
it
y
S
an Antoni
o
ouston
Hou
Corpus Christi
C
Monterrey
M
onterrey
onterrey
y
rrey
y
Eugen
en
ne
n
Portla
an
nd
n
Alb
an
y
ord
Hartford
tf
B
uffal
o
To
Tor
ronto
oro
Ottawa
Mont
ontreal
ont
c
Quebec
ec
ec
Burlington
B
li
on
Burling
Manchester
c
s
Boston
Bo
B
ston
os
land
Portlan
P
Halifax
H
D
es M
o
i
ne
s
O
mah
a
Topeka
Wi
c
hi
t
a
K
ansa
s
City
City
City
St. Louis
Springfield
Springfield
Springfield
l
l
el
There are stretches along the Eastern Seaboard and Gulf of Mexico
coastline that are much more prone to a direct hit of a hurricane than others. In part, this has to due with the actual shape of the coastline. In the foreseeable future, no hurricanes will impact the
the East Coast. However, a tropical system could bring heavy showers
to southern Texas on Sunday and Monday.
Highlight: Prime Targets for Hurricanes
GULF STORMS
PRIME TARGETS
FOR HURRICANES
ATLANTIC
STORMS
60°
70°
80°
90°
4
p.m.
12
a.m.
6
a.m.
12
p.m.
4
p.m.
Record
high 95°
(1944)
Normal
high 83°
Normal
low 68°
Record
low 56°
(1979)
THU.YESTERDAY
71°
4 a.m.
88°
2 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Temperature
............. +2.4°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.5°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 82%Yesterday
............. 86%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.00Yesterday
.................... 2.86Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 3.23Actual
.................... 4.61Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 55.17Actual
.................. 49.92Normal
LAST 30 DAYS
Air pressure Humidity
Cooling Degree Days
Trends
........... 29.92 1 a.m.High
............ 29.81 4 p.m.Low
............. 63% 1 a.m.High
.............. 42% 2 p.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
p
are with those of the last 30 y
ears.
................................................................... 15Yesterday
...................................................... 232So far this month
........................ 981So far this season (since January 1)
................................. 825Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Temperature
Average
Below Above
Precipitation
Average
Below Above
H L
TODAY’S HIGHS
FRONTS PRESSURE
COLD HIGH LOW RAINSHOWERS ICEFLURRIES SNOWT-STORMSMOSTLY
CLOUDY
WARM STATIONARY COMPLEX
COLD
PRECIPITATION
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
Cities
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I............................... Ice
PC ........... Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
Sun
Jupiter
Saturn
Moon
Mars
Venus
National Forecast
Boating
First Quarter Full Last Quarter New
Aug. 24 Aug. 31 Sep. 8 Sep. 15
Beach and Ocean Temperatures
9:56 a.m. 10:09 p.m.
RISE
6:09 a.m.
SET
7:49 p.m.
NEXT R
6:10 a.m.
R
12:30 a.m.
S
3:17 p.m.
R
11:06 a.m.
S
10:19 p.m.
R
7:15 a.m.
S
8:02 p.m.
R
8:23 a.m.
R
11:20 a.m.
S
10:11 p.m.
R
2:34 a.m.
S
5:07 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
80/ 65 T 80/ 66 PC
Bridgeport 86/ 65 0 76/ 62 T 78/ 65 PC
Caldwell 88/ 62 0 78/ 59 PC 79/ 59 PC
Danbury 85/ 58 0 78/ 54 PC 77/ 54 PC
Islip 84/ 62 0 78/ 63 T 80/ 61 PC
Newark 91/ 67 0 80/ 64 T 80/ 64 PC
Trenton 87/ 64 0 80/ 60 T 79/ 60 PC
White Plains 87/ 63 0 75/ 58 T 78/ 59 PC
Albany 82/ 59 0 76/ 51 PC 78/ 55 PC
Albuquerque 85/ 65 0 90/ 67 PC 86/ 68 T
Anchorage 63/ 52 0.05 64/ 55 R 60/ 54 R
Atlanta 88/ 70 0.20 86/ 68 PC 87/ 67 PC
Atlantic City 85/ 73 0 80/ 67 T 80/ 67 PC
Austin 99/ 73 0 96/ 73 T 93/ 71 T
Baltimore 91/ 68 0 82/ 60 T 82/ 63 PC
Baton Rouge 91/ 75 Tr 90/ 73 T 89/ 73 T
Birmingham 84/ 68 0.29 86/ 67 PC 87/ 65 T
Boise 96/ 64 0 96/ 69 PC 96/ 64 PC
Boston 86/ 68 0 76/ 62 T 76/ 60 PC
Buffalo 76/ 56 0.13 74/ 54 PC 76/ 55 PC
Burlington 80/ 56 0.02 74/ 49 PC 77/ 51 PC
Casper 82/ 46 0 77/ 43 S 82/ 49 S
Charlotte 89/ 68 0 88/ 67 T 86/ 65 T
Chattanooga 83/ 69 0.01 84/ 65 PC 85/ 63 S
Chicago 73/ 54 0 78/ 58 PC 78/ 58 PC
Cincinnati 84/ 56 0.03 78/ 56 S 80/ 52 PC
Cleveland 77/ 57 Tr 74/ 52 PC 76/ 55 PC
Colorado Springs 84/ 56 0 77/ 51 PC 80/ 58 S
Columbus 79/ 56 Tr 76/ 55 PC 79/ 57 PC
Concord, N.H. 86/ 61 0 76/ 50 PC 78/ 52 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 97/ 77 0 92/ 74 T 92/ 71 T
Denver 85/ 56 0 81/ 53 PC 86/ 60 S
Des Moines 78/ 53 0 76/ 57 PC 77/ 57 S
Detroit 77/ 53 0 75/ 55 PC 77/ 58 PC
El Paso 86/ 71 0.04 88/ 69 PC 91/ 72 T
Fargo 76/ 48 0 76/ 51 PC 79/ 53 S
Hartford 87/ 65 0 76/ 56 T 81/ 56 PC
Honolulu 88/ 72 0 88/ 74 S 88/ 74 S
Houston 99/ 78 0.02 93/ 76 T 90/ 75 T
Indianapolis 78/ 55 0.06 78/ 57 S 79/ 57 PC
Jackson 90/ 71 1.69 86/ 70 T 85/ 67 T
Jacksonville 90/ 73 0.28 92/ 73 T 91/ 72 T
Kansas City 82/ 55 0 80/ 56 T 80/ 58 S
Key West 91/ 81 0 90/ 81 T 90/ 81 PC
Las Vegas 102/ 84 0 102/ 86 PC 104/ 90 PC
Lexington 80/ 58 Tr 78/ 56 PC 80/ 55 S
Little Rock 88/ 66 0 84/ 67 PC 82/ 63 T
Los Angeles 91/ 69 0 86/ 66 PC 84/ 65 PC
Louisville 83/ 61 0 80/ 61 S 82/ 58 S
Memphis 85/ 67 0.03 86/ 66 PC 83/ 65 T
Miami 92/ 78 0.73 91/ 79 T 91/ 79 PC
Milwaukee 72/ 55 0 72/ 59 PC 74/ 60 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 74/ 54 0 76/ 55 PC 75/ 58 T
Nashville 79/ 63 0.02 82/ 60 PC 83/ 58 S
New Orleans 90/ 77 1.78 90/ 76 T 89/ 75 T
Norfolk 89/ 73 0 83/ 71 T 82/ 70 T
Oklahoma City 90/ 69 0 86/ 66 T 86/ 62 S
Omaha 79/ 53 0 76/ 55 T 79/ 57 S
Orlando 92/ 74 0.06 92/ 75 T 91/ 75 T
Philadelphia 89/ 68 0 82/ 63 T 82/ 65 PC
Phoenix 101/ 83 0.17 100/ 85 PC 103/ 90 T
Pittsburgh 78/ 55 0.14 76/ 53 PC 76/ 56 PC
Portland, Me. 79/ 65 0 76/ 57 PC 76/ 55 PC
Portland, Ore. 98/ 63 0 86/ 60 PC 79/ 55 PC
Providence 85/ 68 0 76/ 62 T 80/ 60 PC
Raleigh 91/ 69 0 84/ 66 T 83/ 65 T
Reno 97/ 66 0 96/ 65 T 94/ 63 T
Richmond 91/ 70 0 84/ 66 T 83/ 64 PC
Rochester 75/ 54 0.17 74/ 52 PC 77/ 54 PC
Sacramento 96/ 62 0 91/ 56 S 91/ 59 S
Salt Lake City 94/ 67 0 92/ 68 S 92/ 63 PC
San Antonio 101/ 77 0 96/ 76 T 95/ 75 T
San Diego 83/ 69 0 78/ 69 PC 77/ 69 PC
San Francisco 67/ 55 0 67/ 55 PC 67/ 54 PC
San Jose 81/ 58 0 77/ 56 S 77/ 56 S
San Juan 88/ 78 0.28 90/ 78 Sh 90/ 79 S
Seattle 93/ 60 0 82/ 58 PC 75/ 52 PC
Sioux Falls 76/ 50 0 76/ 50 PC 79/ 54 S
Spokane 93/ 61 0 96/ 66 PC 91/ 61 PC
St. Louis 82/ 57 0 82/ 59 S 83/ 61 S
St. Thomas 90/ 79 0.10 89/ 79 Sh 90/ 79 S
Syracuse 77/ 54 0.04 75/ 51 PC 76/ 52 PC
Tampa 88/ 77 0.05 89/ 78 T 90/ 76 T
Toledo 75/ 50 Tr 76/ 51 PC 77/ 54 PC
Tucson 88/ 74 0.02 89/ 75 T 94/ 77 T
Tulsa 87/ 65 0 84/ 64 T 87/ 62 S
Virginia Beach 89/ 74 0 83/ 71 T 81/ 70 T
Washington 93/ 70 0 82/ 66 T 83/ 68 PC
Wichita 84/ 62 0 85/ 60 T 84/ 62 S
Wilmington, Del. 89/ 70 0 82/ 62 T 81/ 63 PC
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 104/ 70 0 101/ 75 S 95/ 69 S
Cairo 95/ 77 0 98/ 76 S 96/ 75 S
Cape Town 61/ 44 0 65/ 41 S 59/ 47 PC
Dakar 86/ 79 0.69 89/ 80 T 88/ 78 T
Johannesburg 70/ 34 0 66/ 46 S 70/ 47 S
Nairobi 66/ 57 0.02 73/ 50 T 77/ 57 PC
Tunis 95/ 75 0 92/ 72 S 95/ 70 S
Baghdad 109/ 81 0 113/ 85 S 113/ 85 S
Bangkok 93/ 81 0 89/ 78 Sh 88/ 78 Sh
Beijing 84/ 71 0.10 82/ 72 T 86/ 72 T
Damascus 99/ 68 0 99/ 66 S 103/ 63 S
Hong Kong 88/ 79 0.45 86/ 81 T 88/ 82 T
Jakarta 93/ 74 0 91/ 75 T 92/ 75 S
Jerusalem 86/ 69 0 88/ 69 S 88/ 68 S
Karachi 90/ 81 0 90/ 81 PC 90/ 82 S
Manila 88/ 77 0.01 88/ 75 T 86/ 76 T
Mumbai 86/ 80 0.03 88/ 81 R 88/ 81 R
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 95/ 79 0 94/ 81 T 92/ 81 T
Riyadh 107/ 77 0 106/ 84 PC 107/ 81 PC
Seoul 90/ 73 0.07 86/ 77 T 86/ 79 T
Shanghai 94/ 82 0 93/ 81 PC 93/ 81 PC
Singapore 84/ 75 0.36 88/ 79 T 87/ 78 T
Sydney 72/ 49 0.02 64/ 45 PC 65/ 43 PC
Taipei 90/ 77 0.29 89/ 77 T 91/ 77 S
Tehran 99/ 77 0 94/ 77 S 94/ 79 S
Tokyo 93/ 79 0.21 88/ 77 T 88/ 72 PC
Amsterdam 81/ 63 0 86/ 66 S 87/ 68 PC
Athens 95/ 73 0 91/ 73 S 90/ 76 S
Berlin 75/ 59 0 90/ 64 PC 93/ 68 PC
Brussels 82/ 64 0 87/ 66 S 90/ 70 S
Budapest 82/ 59 0 86/ 59 S 88/ 62 S
Copenhagen 73/ 61 0 78/ 66 PC 77/ 62 PC
Dublin 68/ 57 0.32 70/ 55 PC 68/ 57 Sh
Edinburgh 71/ 57 0.20 70/ 52 PC 70/ 54 Sh
Frankfurt 81/ 57 0 89/ 65 S 94/ 73 S
Geneva 82/ 55 0 90/ 56 S 90/ 58 S
Helsinki 72/ 54 0.03 72/ 55 PC 70/ 50 Sh
Istanbul 88/ 70 0 83/ 73 S 80/ 72 PC
Kiev 72/ 61 0.02 73/ 57 Sh 75/ 61 PC
Lisbon 86/ 64 0 84/ 64 PC 86/ 64 S
London 82/ 64 0 82/ 64 PC 84/ 63 Sh
Madrid 102/ 66 0 102/ 68 S 100/ 70 S
Moscow 68/ 58 0.07 67/ 52 Sh 73/ 58 PC
Nice 84/ 72 0 88/ 77 S 88/ 75 S
Oslo 72/ 55 0.16 72/ 57 R 78/ 55 Sh
Paris 90/ 59 0 92/ 66 PC 95/ 71 S
Prague 75/ 54 0 81/ 55 PC 85/ 64 S
Rome 86/ 68 0 91/ 68 S 91/ 66 S
St. Petersburg 75/ 57 0.01 77/ 55 Sh 71/ 48 Sh
Stockholm 75/ 55 0 70/ 57 PC 73/ 52 R
Vienna 81/ 66 0 82/ 61 S 84/ 63 S
Warsaw 72/ 54 0 75/ 55 PC 80/ 64 PC
Acapulco 90/ 78 0.12 91/ 76 T 90/ 75 T
Bermuda 86/ 79 0.32 86/ 79 T 86/ 79 T
Edmonton 77/ 41 0 85/ 48 S 87/ 50 S
Guadalajara 83/ 61 0 81/ 62 T 78/ 63 T
Havana 90/ 75 0 93/ 73 T 93/ 73 T
Kingston 90/ 79 0 90/ 78 T 89/ 79 T
Martinique 90/ 79 0.01 88/ 78 Sh 89/ 78 Sh
Mexico City 73/ 56 Tr 75/ 57 T 73/ 55 T
Monterrey 96/ 74 0 99/ 73 T 94/ 69 T
Montreal 77/ 64 0.04 72/ 55 PC 77/ 59 PC
Nassau 90/ 80 0 91/ 80 T 91/ 80 T
Panama City 84/ 77 0.16 87/ 75 T 84/ 73 T
Quebec City 75/ 63 0.02 72/ 50 PC 75/ 55 PC
Santo Domingo 90/ 73 0.04 89/ 72 T 88/ 74 Sh
Toronto 75/ 63 0 74/ 57 PC 78/ 55 PC
Vancouver 79/ 63 0 82/ 64 PC 76/ 59 C
Winnipeg 77/ 46 0 74/ 41 PC 81/ 53 PC
Buenos Aires 64/ 55 0.88 63/ 48 R 64/ 52 S
Caracas 90/ 77 0.03 91/ 76 T 89/ 77 T
Lima 69/ 59 0.01 69/ 56 PC 68/ 56 PC
Quito 64/ 46 0.03 68/ 51 R 69/ 48 T
Recife 75/ 70 0.47 82/ 72 Sh 82/ 73 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 79/ 66 0 79/ 68 S 79/ 67 S
Santiago 54/ 48 0.31 61/ 39 S 57/ 43 Sh
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Wind will be from the north at 6-12 knots. Waves will be 2-3 feet on the ocean and 1 foot or less on Long Island Sound and on New York Harbor. Visibility under 3 miles in showers and thunderstorms.
Atlantic City ................... 8:32 a.m. .............. 8:43 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet ................ 8:43 a.m. .............. 8:50 p.m.
The Battery .................... 9:19 a.m. .............. 9:21 p.m.
Beach Haven ............... 10:13 a.m. ............ 10:20 p.m.
Bridgeport ................... 12:00 a.m. ............ 12:26 p.m.
City Island ................... 12:13 p.m. .......................... ---
Fire Island Lt. ................. 9:41 a.m. .............. 9:48 p.m.
Montauk Point .............. 10:07 a.m. ............ 10:21 p.m.
Northport .................... 12:21 p.m. .......................... ---
Port Washington .......... 11:59 a.m. .......................... ---
Sandy Hook ................... 8:55 a.m. .............. 9:02 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet ............ 8:16 a.m. .............. 8:23 p.m.
Stamford ...................... 12:03 a.m. ............ 12:29 p.m.
Tarrytown ..................... 11:08 a.m. ............ 11:10 p.m.
Willets Point ................ 12:10 p.m. .......................... ---
High Tides
New York City 88/ 71 0
Metropolitan Forecast
TODAY
..................................Cooler, showers
High 80. Cooler air will move in as a cold
front pushes through. The front will trigger
some showers and thunderstorms before
clouds break for some sun. TONIGHT
....................................Partly cloudy
Low 65. The night will be dry and cooler as
the cold front heads off the coast. The sky
will be partly cloudy and there will be just a
very light breeze out of the north.
TOMORROW
................................Partly sunny
High 80. The cooler air will remain over
the area. The front will stall just offshore
as a wave of low pressure takes shape.
While that low could cause showers, the
day is more likely to be dry with some sun.
MONDAY
.............Chance of a thunderstorm
The air will remain on the cool side. There
can be a shower or thunderstorm as a
trough of low pressure approaches from
the west. Otherwise there will be a mix of
sun and clouds.
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
..........................Clouds and sun
A trough of low pressure can cause a
shower or thunderstorm either day. but
most of the time will be rain-free with peri-
odic sunshine. Highs will be 81 on Tues-
day and 83 on Wednesday.
A cold front moving across the region will
trigger a couple of showers and thunder-
storms. The thunderstorms can produce
torrential downpours and strong wind
gusts. The air will be quite humid, but
cloud cover will hold down temperatures
somewhat. There will be a light to gentle
wind with waves around 2 feet.
A fall-like air mass will take control of
the weather over the Great Lakes and
central Appalachians today. Cooler weath-
er will also move into western parts of New
England.
Meanwhile, a slow-moving cold front
will cause a few showers from Boston
through the Carolinas. Farther to the
south, drenching storms will rumble over
the Southeast and parts of the central
Plains. A couple of slow-moving thunder-
storms will fire over the Four Corners re-
gion with isolated flash flooding possible.
Comfortable air will settle into the Ohio
Valley while the northern Plains remain
pleasant. The interior West will remain hot
and dry while a few storms fire over the
Cascades. From Seattle to Portland, the
air will begin to come off the Pacific, bring-
ing an end to the severe heat.
T E NNI S
By BEN ROTHENBERG
MASON, Ohio — Serena Wil-
liams, the Olympic gold medalist
and Wimbledon champion,lost
her first match since May on Fri-
day, falling to the German An-
gelique Kerber,6-4, 6-4,in the
quarterfinals at the Western &
Southern Open in this suburb of
Cincinnati.
Williams, 30,had won 19
straight matches dating to the
start of Wimbledon, and a domi-
nant 25 straight sets dating to the
third set of the Wimbledon final.
But Williams, the winner of 14
Grand Slam singles titles,had
played far from her best tennis
this past week, looking sluggish
and off-balance even during
straight-set victories in her first
two matches.
Kerber, 24,appeared rattled by
nerves as she tried to serve out
the match, double-faulting on her
first match point. But after hit-
ting the net with a backhand on
her second match point,Kerber
fired an ace on her third to finish
the upset.
Kerber, the tournament’s No. 5
seed,has redefined her career
over the last 12 months. In Sep-
tember she reached the United
States Open semifinals as the
92nd-ranked player in the world,
and she has continued her strong
play into 2012 with titles in Paris
and Copenhagen and a run to the
Wimbledon semifinals. She rout-
ed the four-time Grand Slam
champion Kim Clijsters,6-1, 6-1,
during that run at Wimbledon,
and more recently she defeated
Venus Williams in straight sets in
the third round of the Olympics.
Friday was not an entirely lost
day for the Williams sisters. Ve-
nus Williams advanced to the
semifinals with a 6-2, 6-7 (2), 6-4
victory over the Australian
Samantha Stosur, who defeated
Serena Williams in the United
States Open final last year.
Venus Williams led for much of
the second set, but lost the even-
tual tiebreaker and nearly let an-
other lead slip in the third set be-
fore finishing with a forehand
winner and joyously jumping up
and down nearly a half-dozen
times before finally allowing
gravity to keep her on the
ground.
“I didn’t realize I was going to
be that excited when I won,” she
said with a laugh.
The victory puts Williams into
the semifinals of a tournament in
singles for the first time since the
2010 United States Open. Wil-
liams has the fatigue-causing
autoimmune disease Sjogren’s
Syndrome, but she said this week
that she felt that she was manag-
ing her symptoms far more suc-
cessfully.
“I like to think that this is only
the beginning for me,” Williams,
32, said.
While excited for her own
matches ahead, she acknowl-
edged that it was likely in her sis-
ter’s best interest to have some
time off before the fast-approach-
ing United States Open.
“She’s played so many match-
es since Wimbledon,” Venus Wil-
liams said of Serena. “Singles,
doubles, and going on to Stan-
ford, and then the Olympics sin-
gles and doubles. I don’t think
anyone has played as many
matches and played as success-
fully as her.
“I think some rest is in order
for her,” she concluded. Serena Williams agreed.
“Definitely,” she said. “It was
probably for the best that I didn’t
win today, even though I wanted
to win. But maybe my body was,
like, telling me not to? I don’t
know.”
She said that Venus Williams
was “playing much better than I
am,” and then caught a reporter
in the front row nodding in agree-
ment. “Why are you nodding your
head?” she snapped playfully.
“You’re not supposed to agree.”
On the men’s side, the 2009
United States Open champion
Juan Martín del Potro continued
his strong August with a 6-1, 6-1
win over Jérémy Chardy. Del
Potro, the No. 6 seed, will face
No. 2 Novak Djokovic in Satur-
day’s semifinals, a rematch of the
bronze medal match at the Lon-
don Olympics,which del Potro
won in straight sets.
“After I beat him was I think
my best moment in my life, in my
tennis career,” said del Potro,
who has struggled with a wrist
injury and its aftereffects the last
couple of years. “Very close to
the U.S.Open tournament or
maybe more or less, I don’t know.
But was my big moment ever in
the tennis life.
“I’m still feeling a little differ-
ence between the top players and
me,” he said. “But I know I’m get-
ting closer — very slowly — so
that’s important. I’m working for
that.”
JOHN SOMMERS II/REUTERS
Venus Williams beat Samantha Stosur to advance to the semi-
finals in singles for the first time since the 2010 U.S. Open. Williams Sisters Split in Cincinnati, Ending One Streak and Another Drought
Serena Williams had
not lost since May, but
her sister moves on.
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