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The New York Times - Saturday, August 11, 2012

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VOL.CLXI..No. 55,860
©2012 The New York Times
Late Edition
Today,variably cloudy, a few show-
ers and heavy thunderstorms, high
84. Tonight,a shower or thunder-
storm, low 70. Tomorrow,partly
sunny, high 85. Details, Page A20.
WASHINGTON — With the na-
tion’s worst drought in a half-
century continuing to decimate
crops, the government on Friday
slashed its estimate of the soy-
bean yield, made only a month
ago, to the lowest level since 2003
and its estimate of the corn yield
to the lowest level since 1995. The smaller harvests will drive
up prices for food and animal
feed, analysts said. The pros-
pects are also increasing pres-
sure on the Obama administra-
tion to divert less corn to the pro-
duction of the biofuel ethanol. Agriculture Secretary Thomas
J. Vilsack, visiting drought-
stricken farmers in Nebraska on
Friday, said that despite the re-
duced crop production, farmers
are in better shape today than
during the last major drought, in
1988. “Last time only 25 percent of
farmers had crop insurance, but
this time over 85 percent are cov-
ered,” Mr. Vilsack said, noting
that the government was still
forecasting the eighth-biggest
corn harvest ever. But analysts warned of falling
yields and spiking wholesale
prices down the road. “It’s scary
when you see the numbers out to-
day,” said Terry Roggensack, an
analyst at the Hightower Report
in Chicago. “Unless there is nor-
mal weather and rain from here
on out, I can easily see prices for
corn and soybeans” rising 20 per-
cent to 25 percent.
In the past month, as the coun-
try recorded the hottest month
on record, the government low-
ered its production forecast for
eggs, milk and pork. Beef produc-
tion is expected to rise as ranch-
Drought Forces Reductions in Crop Forecasts
Continued on Page A3
The new estimate of the corn
yield is the lowest since 1995.
Returns of the superrich may hint at
what Mitt Romney’s taxes look like.
Some huge earners paid no 2009 income
taxes, James B. Stewart writes.
BUSINESS DAY B1-8 Big Income, Little Income Tax
Accounts of the murder case against the
politically connected Gu Kailai indicate
she killed a British man to protect her
son from blackmail demands. PAGE A4
Blackmail and Killing in China
A service for six people who were shot
to death at a Sikh temple in Oak Creek,
Wis., drewthousands of mourners from
around the world. PAGE A8
Remembering Victims
How about sizing up the home of a com-
plete stranger? It’s an open house, and
you might as well go, because everyone
else is. REAL ESTATE
What to Do on a Sunday
Gail Collins
FASTEST TO GOLD Carmelita Jeter ran the anchor leg on the Americans’ 4x100 relay team,
which won gold in a world record 40.82 seconds, shattering the old mark of 41.37.Page D1.
The secret can be traced to a
few tottering rides in Lower Man-
hattan, with a father and his boy
and the afternoons that eventual-
ly dissolved their patience.
It survived puberty and high
school, first loves and first jobs. It
crossed state lines to Pennsylva-
nia, for college, and returned to
New York City without incident,
until this year.
“Hey,” one boss said to another
after my ill-advised confession.
“Did you know our transporta-
tion reporter can’t ride a bike?”
He knew then, of course, and
now you do, too. I cannot ride a
For years, this has been a
source of slight embarrassment.
Over the last several weeks, as I
began covering the city’s trans-
portation system full time, it has
become a career issue.
I needed to understand what
has become perhaps the city’s
most polarizing transportation
topic: how a bike-share program,
which was scheduled to begin in
July before being delayed, might
transform the city’s transit sys-
tem; how Broadway, that em-
blem of congestion, had morphed
into a two-wheel haven; how
even the platform of the Brooklyn
Bridge, overlooking the calm of
the harbor, had become ground
zero for a clash between camera-
toting sightseers and whirring
commuters who curse liberally
from their seats.
The city of my youth, not so
long ago, cast the bicycle as nei-
ther a moral symbol of environ-
mentalism and fitness, nor the
manifestation of roadway anar-
chy. It was just another way to
get around.
But after childhood false starts,
As Easy as ... Look Ahead! Turn! Oh, No! BENJAMIN NORMAN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Learning to ride, the reporter
almost pedaled into a truck.
Continued on Page A15
The homeless population in
New York City has jumped sharp-
ly over the last year, causing a
record number of people to enter
the shelter system. The increase
has forced the Bloomberg admin-
istration to open nine more shel-
ters in just the last two months —
sometimes with only a few
weeks’ notice to surrounding
The administration said the in-
crease stemmed in part from the
end of the city’s main rent-sub-
sidy program for homeless fam-
ilies. But the new shelters — five
in the Bronx, two in Manhattan
and two in Brooklyn — have pro-
voked criticism from local offi-
cials who say they were blind-
sided by the decisions to open
The city, for example, relied
upon its emergency authority to
turn two residential buildings on
95th Street on the Upper West
Side of Manhattan into shelters
that will eventually house about
200 adult couples, officials said.
The buildings had recently been
used as illegal hotels before they
were shut down, and they still
have some long-term tenants.
The city’s Department of
Homeless Services told the com-
munity board about its plan in
mid-July, only two weeks before
people began moving in. The commissioner of homeless
services, Seth Diamond, said in
an interview that the city had no
choice but to open the shelters,
given the demand. The city re-
corded 43,731 homeless people
(25,475 adults and 18,256 chil-
dren) in the shelter system this
week, up 18 percent from the
37,143 (21,807 adults and 15,336
children) a year ago, officials
said. “We do have to move quick-
ly, and we have to always make
sure that we have enough capaci-
ty,” Mr. Diamond said. “The one
thing we cannot do is have fam-
ilies come in and not have a place
for them.”
Mr. Diamond said he did not
believe that his department had
deceived neighborhoods by open-
ing shelters with little notice, say-
ing the process for picking the
sites had been done “always with
community communication.”
The administration is not le-
9 Shelters in 2 Months
— Short Notice and
a Record Need
Continued on Page A17
The United States accused the
Lebanese militant group Hezbol-
lah on Friday of deep involve-
ment in the Syrian government’s
violent campaign to crush the up-
rising there, asserting that Hez-
bollah has trained and advised
government forces inside Syria
and has helped to expel opposi-
tion fighters from areas within
the country.
The American accusations,
which were contained in coordi-
nated announcements by the
Treasury and State Departments
announcing new sanctions
against Syria, also accused Hez-
bollah of assisting operatives of
Iran’s Revolutionary Guards
Quds Force in training Syrian
forces inside Syria. A Treasury
statement said the Hezbollah sec-
retary general, Hassan Nasral-
lah, had overseen those activi-
ties, which it called part of the
Syria government’s “increasing-
ly ruthless efforts to fight against
the opposition.”
The accusations, which went
beyond previous American
charges about Hezbollah support
for Syria’s government, seemed
intended to counter critics of the
Obama administration who say
that the White House is not doing
enough to support the Syrian op-
position now that diplomatic ef-
forts to resolve the conflict are
paralyzed. Some Hezbollah experts ex-
pressed considerable skepticism,
however, saying that the accusa-
tions should be approached with
caution unless more evidence
was presented. The accusations were also part
of an effort to further draw atten-
tion to the Hezbollah-Iran alli-
ance, which American and Israeli
intelligence officials have sought
to portray as a subversive col-
laboration that has not only de-
stabilized the Middle East but
has been implicated in terrorist
violence elsewhere, including a
deadly bus bombing of Israeli
tourists in Bulgaria last month. In a related announcement, the
State Department said the Unit-
ed States had blacklisted Sytrol, a
state-owned Syrian oil company,
accusing it of bartering gasoline
with Iran in violation of American
Militant Group’s Chief
Said to Take Personal
Role in Effort Continued on Page A6
She has been arrested 40 or 50
times for acts of civil disobedi-
ence and once served six months
in prison. In the Nevada desert,
she and other peace activists
knelt down to block a truck rum-
bling across the government’s
nuclear test site, prompting the
authorities to take her into custo-
She gained so much attention
that the Energy Department,
which maintains the nation’s nu-
clear arsenal, helped pay for an
oral history in which she de-
scribed her upbringing and the
development of her antinuclear
views. Now, Sister Megan Rice, 82, a
Roman Catholic nun of the Soci-
ety of the Holy Child Jesus, and
two male accomplices have car-
ried out what nuclear experts call
the biggest security breach in the
history of the nation’s atomic
complex, making their way to the
inner sanctum of the site where
the United States keeps crucial
nuclear bomb parts and fuel.
“Deadly force is authorized,”
signs there read. “Halt!” Images
of skulls emphasize the lethal
With flashlights and bolt cut-
ters, the three pacifists defied
barbed wire as well as armed
guards, video cameras and mo-
tion sensors at the Oak Ridge nu-
clear reservation in Tennessee
early on July 28, a Saturday. They
splashed blood on the Highly En-
riched Uranium Materials Facili-
ty — a new windowless, half-
billion-dollar plant encircled by
enormous guard towers — and
hung banners outside its walls.
“Swords into plowshares,”
read one, quoting the Book of
Isaiah. “Spears into pruning
hooks.” The plant holds the na-
tion’s main supply of highly en-
riched uranium, enough for thou-
sands of nuclear weapons.
The actions of Sister Rice, a
New York native who grew up on
a prosperous block in Morning-
side Heights, and her compan-
ions, ages 57 and 63, are a huge
embarrassment for President
Obama. Since 2010, he has led a
campaign to eliminate or lock
down nuclear materials as a way
to fight atomic terrorism. Now,
the three — two of whom, includ-
ing Sister Rice, are free and are
awaiting trial in October — have
made nuclear theft seem only a
little more challenging than a
romp in the Tennessee woods.
In interviews this week, Sister
Rice discussed her life — some-
what reluctantly at times — and
kept emphasizing what she called
“the issue.”
“It’s the criminality of this 70-
year industry,” she said. “We
The Nun Who Broke Into the Nuclear Sanctum
Sister Megan Rice, Michael R. Walli, left, and a third activist,
Gregory I. Boertje-Obed, infiltrated a nuclear weapons site.
Continued on Page A12
ney is scheduled to announce his
vice-presidential candidate on
Saturday in Norfolk, Va., ending
a four-month search for a run-
ning mate on the opening day of a
four-day bus tour through four
critical battleground states.
Mr. Romney is set to disclose
the selection at 8:45 a.m.,as he
tours the Battleship Wisconsin,
the campaign announced Friday
evening. Several signs were
pointing toward Representative
Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin as a
leading candidate for the posi-
tion, a choice that would electrify
the Republican Party’s conserva-
tive base and potentially shake
up the race with President Oba-
Mr. Romney telephoned other
finalists for the position on Fri-
day evening, a senior Republican
aide said, and thanked them for
their cooperation in the vetting
process and their help with his
campaign effort. But he did not
tell them whom he had decided
Tim Pawlenty, the former gov-
Romney Ready
To Announce
Running Mate
Continued on Page A10
Errors and Comments: or call
or fax (212) 556-3622.
Public Editor: Readers dissatisfied
with a response or concerned about
the paper’s journalistic integrity can
reach The Times’s public editor, Art
or call (212) 556-7652.
Newspaper Delivery: or call
Inside The Times
Afghan Ally Kills
Three G.I.’s, Official Says
An Afghan police officer shot and
killed at least three American Spe-
cial Forces soldiers after inviting
them for a meal at a checkpoint in
southern Afghanistan, an Afghan of-
ficial said, in what appeared to be
premeditated killings of American
soldiers by one of their Afghan al-
lies. PAGE A4 Egypt Tightens Sinai Grip
Egypt has tightened its grip on the
Sinai region. Last year,residents
there threw out the police and jiha-
dists moved in, set fire to police sta-
tions in several cities and killed sev-
eral officers.
PAGE A4 Words Amid Refugee Flood
As refugees flow across the border
from war-torn Syria into Turkey by
the thousands, Secretary of State
Hillary Rodham Clinton is arriving
there for a strategy session with
Turkish officials. One goal is to as-
sess what else can be done, an
American official said. PAGE A6
Inquest Into Hospital,
Site of Hepatitis Outbreak
So far, 31 of the more than 1,200 peo-
ple who were patients at Exeter
Hospital in New Hampshire have
tested positive for the same strain of
hepatitis C as David Kwiatkowski, a
man employed there as a medical
technician between April 2011 and
May 2012. PAGE A8
Bulldozers and Tourists
Along the National Mall in Washing-
ton, D. C., bulldozers and scaffolding
have become fixtures beside some
monuments, like the Lincoln Memo-
rial, where construction crews have
been making repairs for two years.
Unlikely Voice in Debate
Over Teacher Misconduct
In late July,Campbell Brown, a for-
mer CNN anchor and mother of two
young sons inserted herself into the
political fight surrounding the pre-
vention of sexual misconduct of
teachers with students. PAGE A14
Accusations Facing Bank
Cast a Chill Overseas
Money-laundering accusations lev-
eled against a British bank by New
York’s top banking regulator have
global banks worried that their New
York operations could make them
public targets for processing trans-
actions already deemed legal by fed-
eral regulators, according to federal
authorities with knowledge of the
concerns. PAGE B1 Goldman Case Closed
After deciding not to prosecute
Goldman Sachs for its conduct dur-
ing the financial crisis, the Justice
Department made the rare move to
publicly announce that the investi-
gation was closed. PAGE B1 SPORTS
For Pentathletes, Success Rests Among Strangers
For pentathlon competitors who
have trained vigorously, luck of the
draw plays a large role in when it
comes time to riding a horse they
have just met. PAGE D1
Music Festival
Begins at Tanglewood
The Festival of Contemporary Mu-
sic in Lenox Mass., a staple at Tan-
glewood, began with works by El-
liott Carter, Harrison Birtwistle, Nic-
colò Castiglioni, Luke Bedford and
Sean Shepherd. PAGE C1 Olympics ‘Colombo’ Style
For those viewers still trying to see
NBC’s Olympics evening coverage
without knowing the results in ad-
vance, there is a way to enjoy them
regardless of spoilers. This tech-
nique began most prominently with
“Columbo,” the long-running detec-
tive series starring Peter Falk,
which began with the murder’s iden-
tity, Neil Genzlinger writes. PAGE C1 FRONT PAGE
A picture caption on Thursday
with the continuation of an article
about fans and news media from
countries whose athletes are not
winning Olympic medals as often
as expected misidentified the
soccer player from Spain shown
kicking a water bottle in frustra-
tion. He is Jordi Alba, not Cristian
An article on July 8 about Las
Vegas’s new Smith Center for the
Performing Arts, which will bring
more upscale entertainment to
the city, misstated the source of
the tax that will help finance the
center. It is a tax on car rentals
by nonresidents, not an airport
car rental tax. A reader pointed
out the error on July 14 in an
e-mail; this correction was de-
layed for research.
An article on Thursday about
unusual developments in Con-
gressional races this year mis-
stated the length of time Repre-
sentative Pete Stark, a California
Democrat, has served in the
House. It is 38 years, or 19 terms
— not 19 years.
An article on Friday about the
arrest of a former Goldman
Sachs programmer, Sergey Aley-
nikov, on charges of stealing pro-
prietary trading code misstated
the stand of his lawyer, Kevin H.
Marino. Mr. Marino maintains
that his client did not commit any
crime — not that he did commit a
crime. The article also referred
incorrectly to the federal charges
brought against a group of Los
Angeles police officers stemming
from the beating of Rodney King.
They were civil rights charges,
not civil charges.
An article on Friday about
Amgen’s decision to halt a clin-
ical trial of a drug for pancreatic
cancer described incorrectly a
decision by Merck related to its
experimental combination cho-
lesterol drug. Merck has sus-
pended — not discontinued — the
program and no longer expects to
file for Food and Drug Adminis-
tration approval in 2014.
An article on Friday about Ben-
jamin M. Lawsky, the New York
banking regulator who accused
the British bank Standard Char-
tered of money laundering for
Iran, described part of his back-
ground incorrectly. While Mr.
Lawsky grew up in Pittsburgh,
he was not a “native” of the city.
As the article noted, he was born
in San Diego.
The Advertising column on Fri-
day, about ESPN’s new cam-
paign for “Monday Night Foot-
ball,” misstated, in some copies,
the date that some parts of the
campaign, including billboards
and bus advertising, are sched-
uled to begin. It is Aug. 27, not
Aug. 20.
Because of an editing error, a
report in the Observatory column
on Tuesday about the discovery
of a statue in Turkey that depicts
a ninth-century king described
the subject incorrectly. The ruler,
Suppiluliuma, was a Neo-Hittite
king, not a Turkish king. The er-
ror was repeated in the headline. ARTS & LEISURE
An article on Page 14 this
weekend about robots, movies
and the future, misstates the re-
lease date for “Robot & Frank,”
about an aging retiree who has a
helper robot installed in his life
by his son. It is scheduled to
come out on Friday, not the fol-
lowing Friday, Aug. 24. Corrections
Hate and the killer
were not successful. He
wanted to divide and we
have come together.
co-founder of the Sikh Coali-
tion, at a memorial service for
six worshipers slain at a Sikh
temple in Oak Creek, Wis.
Joe Nocera PAGE A19
Charles M. Blow PAGE A19
Strombergs of Latvia won the gold
medal in men’s BMX cycling. He
and his coach, Ivo Lakucs, analyze
the race.
C6 Crossword
C6 Obituaries
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THE NEW YORK TIMES 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018-1405
The Dwyer Cultural Center in Harlem, since opening three years ago, has served as a welcoming
home for exhibitions and classes, all free or low cost. It’s future is in doubt. ARTS, PAGE C1
SEOUL, South Korea — Presi-
dent Lee Myung-bak of South Ko-
rea flew to a set of islets locked in
a territorial dispute with Japan
on Friday, dismissing protests
from Tokyo and making a trip
that was bound to heighten diplo-
matic tensions between Washing-
ton’s two key Asian allies.
Japan called Mr. Lee’s visit
“unacceptable” and recalled its
ambassador from Seoul in pro-
test, Prime Minister Yoshihiko
Noda told reporters in Tokyo.
Adding drama to the simmer-
ing historical hostility that Mr.
Lee’s surprise trip magnified,
South Korea and Japan were set
to clash in London on Friday for
the Olympic bronze medal in
men’s soccer, a game to be
watched by millions of people in
both countries. South Korea won,
Although South Korean cabinet
ministers and national legislators
had previously visited the barely
inhabitable volcanic outcrop-
pings in the sea between Korea
and Japan, Mr. Lee was the first
South Korean president to travel
there to highlight his country’s
territorial control. A squadron of
armed South Korean police offi-
cers have manned the islets,
called Dokdo in Korea and
Takeshima in Japan, since the
1950s. An elderly fishing couple
also lives there with government
“Dokdo is truly our territory,
and it’s worth defending with our
lives,” Mr. Lee told the police offi-
cers, according to the national
news agency Yonhap, whose re-
porter accompanied the presi-
dential entourage.
With his popularity plummet-
ing amid corruption scandals im-
plicating his associates, Mr. Lee
is badly in need of a boost to his
political leverage. Opposition pol-
iticians were quick to accuse him
of making the unprecedented
presidential trip to tap South Ko-
reans’ deep-seated nationalistic
sentiments against Japan for
gains in domestic politics. Al-
though Mr. Lee is banned by law
from seeking re-election in the
presidential vote scheduled for
December, his governing party
feared being labeled “pro-Japa-
nese” so much that it forced his
government in June to postpone
the signing of an agreement to
share classified military data
with its rival.
The dispute over the islets re-
mains one of the most conten-
tious unresolved issues from Ja-
pan’s often brutal colonial rule of
the Korean Peninsula from 1910
until its World War II defeat in
Mr. Lee made Friday’s trip by
helicopter, staying 70 minutes on
the main islet and sharing pizza
and chicken with the police
guards, Yonhap reported.
His trip came after Japan an-
gered South Koreans by recon-
firming its territorial claim to the
islets in its new defense white pa-
per published late last month. Mr.
Lee is scheduled to deliver his
last major national speech as
president on Wednesday, which
South Korea celebrates as a ma-
jor national holiday observing Ja-
pan’s World War II surrender
and Korea’s liberation.
The islets are surrounded by
rich fishing grounds and natural
gas deposits. South Koreans also
hold deep emotional attachment
to the rocks. To them, Japan’s ter-
ritorial claim epitomizes Japan’s
early 20th-century aggression
and what they consider its refus-
al to atone for its colonial occupa-
tion of Korea, during which Kore-
ans were banned from using their
Korean names and language. The two countries are also di-
vided over compensation for Ko-
rean women who historians said
were forced or cheated into work-
ing as sex slaves for the Japanese
military during World War II. In
July, a South Korean man
rammed his light truck into the
main gate of the Japanese Em-
bassy in Seoul.
Mr. Lee’s government said his
trip was intended to counter Ja-
pan’s increasingly pronounced
campaign to highlight its territo-
rial claim to the islets. Last year,
three Japanese lawmakers who
wanted to visit the islets to ad-
vertise their country’s claim
were denied entry to South Ko-
rea. “We encourage good relations
between both of our allies,” said
Patrick Ventrell, acting deputy
spokesman of the United States
State Department.
South Korean Leader’s Trip to Islets Strains Japan Ties
A president’s surprise
visit to disputed land
aggravates tensions.
ers cull more of their herds be-
cause of higher feed prices. But
experts predict that the price of
beef will not rise until next year
as supplies tighten but feed costs
continue to increase.
Last month, the Agriculture
Department estimated that food
prices would climb 3 percent to 4
percent in 2013. The overall eco-
nomic effect in the United States,
however, will be muted, given
that American households gener-
ally spend only about 13 percent
of their budgets on food and often
elect to buy cheaper foods rather
than pay higher prices. On Friday, Capital Economics
estimated that the rising food
prices might knock 0.1 percent off
the annual pace of economic
Farmers in the hardest hit
areas of the Midwest said that
Friday’s report only confirmed
what they already knew.
“We’ve lost 60 percent of our
average production, if not 70,”
said Nick Guetterman, president
of the Johnson County Farm Bu-
reau in eastern Kansas, who
farms about 10,000 acres with his
family. Mr. Guetterman said he
expected crop insurance to cover
his costs this year, but not much
more. “You take what you get,
that’s all you can do,” he said.
“You go to church and pray.”
The Agriculture Department’s
report has also renewed debate
over the use of corn for ethanol
The Renewable Fuel Standard,
passed in 2005 and expanded in
2007, requires that 13.2 billion gal-
lons of corn-based biofuel be pro-
duced in 2012. The goal of the
standard is to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions and the nation’s
dependence on foreign oil.
About 40 percent of the na-
tion’s corn crop now goes to etha-
nol producers — the rest to ani-
mal feed, food and exports.
Retailers said that they did not
expect to have to pass along price
increases to customers in the
short term.
“The drought has had an im-
pact on commodity costs every-
where,” said John Simley, a
spokesman for Kraft Foods, the
maker of a range of baked goods
and meat products. “It’s not like-
ly to impact our costs in the near
term, because of our commodity
coverage positions,” he said, re-
ferring to the company’s hedges
against fluctuations in the mar-
kets. But severe weather has hurt
agricultural production in other
major exporting countries, in-
cluding Brazil, Russia, Australia
and India, not just the United
States. That has raised concerns
about global shortages of certain
food commodities — shortages
that will increase food prices and
stoke inflation. “The United States is the
world’s largest exporter of corn,
soybeans and wheat, and likely
price spikes will ripple through
markets globally, with devastat-
ing consequences for those al-
ready struggling to get enough
food to eat,” said Eric Munoz, a
senior policy analyst with Oxfam,
an international aid group.
On Thursday, the United Na-
tions Food and Agriculture Or-
ganization said that global food
prices jumped 6 percent in July,
with the price of corn up 23 per-
cent. It has warned developing
countries to prepare for possible
price fluctuations. In one impoverished region of
Africa, stretching from Senegal in
the west to Sudan in the east,
Oxfam said that the past five
years had seen a significant rise
in the price of grains, making the
area more vulnerable to any com-
ing food price increases. “There are a number of re-
actions,” said Eric Hazard of
Oxfam in Dakar, Senegal. “Peo-
ple diminish the number of
meals, and the quality of their
meals. We’ve seen an increase in
Arif Husain, deputy chief of the
Food Security Analysis Service
at the United Nations World Food
Program in Rome, said: “The
real problem is this is the third
price shock in the last five years.
The poorer countries haven’t had
time to recover from previous cri-
ses.” The Agriculture Department
report released on Friday fore-
cast the corn yield to be 123.4
bushels an acre, the lowest in 17
years, down 15.5 percent from its
July estimate. It also forecast the
yield for soybeans, used in every-
thing from fry oil to livestock
feed, to be 36.1 bushels an acre —
down 10.7 percent, or 4.4 bushels
an acre below last month’s gov-
ernment estimate and 5.4 bushels
an acre less than last year. The new estimates are based
on surveys of more than 25,000
farmers, as well as Agriculture
Department experts inspecting
fields for the first time since the
drought began to drive up prices
in mid-June.
The new crop forecast report
prompted some commodity fu-
tures to rise. On the Chicago
Board of Trade, soybean futures
were up about 1 percent. Corn fu-
tures had already climbed on
widespread expectation of a
weak report. They declined on
Friday, trading for about $8 a
bushel, up from about $5.20 in
Critics of the ethanol fuel
standard say the use of corn for
ethanol is a major factor in the
tripling in the price of corn since
2005. Livestock producers, hard
hit by the rise in feed prices, have
called on the Obama administra-
tion to waive the requirement un-
til the drought is over.
“If not now, when?” said Ran-
dy Spronk, a pork farmer in
Edgerton, Minn. “Livestock pro-
ducers are getting killed out here
with feed prices.” Mr. Spronk, the incoming pres-
ident of the National Pork Pro-
ducers Council, said livestock
producers would have to reduce
their herds and flocks because
feed was becoming scarce and
too expensive.
With half the nation’s corn crop
in poor condition, 156 House
members and 25 senators have
signed letters to Lisa P. Jackson,
the administrator of the Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency,
calling on her to issue a waiver
on the ethanol standard.
Even the United Nations has
called on the United States to
ease the use of ethanol.
In a letter published in The Fi-
nancial Times on Friday, José
Graziano da Silva, the director-
general of the United Nations’
Food and Agriculture Organiza-
tion, wrote: “An immediate, tem-
porary suspension of that man-
date would give some respite to
the market and allow more of the
crop to be channeled toward food
and feed uses.”
The ethanol industry said calls
to waive the fuel standards were
“So far we have nothing more
than speculation about what the
danger to the corn crop is going
to be,” said Matt Harwig, a
spokesman for the Renewable
Fuels Association, an ethanol in-
dustry trade group. “We need to
take a wait-and-see approach.”
Mr. Vilsack, the agriculture
secretary, said in an interview
taped for C-Span’s “Newsmak-
ers”: “We still need to get a farm
bill passed to help to get some re-
lief for livestock producers who
lack a safety net. But American
farmers are a resilient bunch.
They will get through this.”
The report does give farmers
an overview of the suffering their
peers across the country are ex-
periencing, said Bill Northey, the
Iowa secretary of agriculture.
That will help farmers make deci-
sions on handling their own
crops, like when to cut them and
when to sell them, he said.
Mr. Northey, who farms in
northwest Iowa, said the grim
outlook nationwide would lead
him to hold onto a lot of his crop
until he sees exactly how much
his yields are at harvest. If he
sold too much now, he said, he
would run the risk of not being
able to deliver on the sales if the
yield turns out lower than ex-
“We’ll be figuring some of
those things out,” Mr. Northey
said. “But most of it’s not going to
happen until we get a combine in
the field.”
Drought Forces Sharp Reduction in Crop Forecast
A soybean field in Illinois. Soybeans, unlike corn, may still benefit if late rains should arrive. DANNY JOHNSTON/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A cornfield in Arkansas. Pressure is increasing to divert less corn to the production of ethanol.
Lower numbers
joining those for eggs,
milk and pork.
From Page A1
KABUL, Afghanistan — An Af-
ghan police officer shot and killed
at least three American Special
Forces soldiers on Friday after
inviting them for a meal at a
checkpoint in southern Afghani-
stan, an Afghan official said, in
what appeared to be premeditat-
ed killings of American soldiers
by one of their Afghan allies.
Those deaths were among a to-
tal of eight American and British
soldiers killed in southern Af-
ghanistan on Thursday and Fri-
day, making it one of the deadli-
est 36 hours here this year, ac-
cording to statements from the
NATO-led coalition. At least two
of the dead were British soldiers
and their deaths were announced
by the British Defense Ministry.
Details of the deaths of the
Special Operations soldiers re-
mained sketchy, and Afghan and
coalition investigators were still
trying to piece together how the
shooting unfolded as dusk ap-
proached. A dawn-to-dusk fast is
being widely observed in Afghan-
istan during Ramadan.
The American command in Af-
ghanistan, which functions along-
side the coalition, issued a terse
statement saying that three sol-
diers had been killed by a man in
an Afghan uniform — standard
phrasing used by the military au-
thorities here when a member of
the Afghan security forces kills a
coalition service member.
Afghan officials offered more
details. Muhammad Sharif, the
governor of Sangin, said a police
commander had invited the Spe-
cial Forces soldiers to eat at his
post. He then shot them when
their guard was down and fled,
Mr. Sharif said. He put the num-
ber of dead Americans at four.
But the coalition said the sol-
diers may have arrived not for a
meal or for any other gathering
when the shooting took place.
The coalition said it could not
provide additional details until
families of the dead had been no-
tified and investigators had com-
pleted their inquiry.
A prominent tribal elder said
he had been told by the local au-
thorities that his son, Assadullah,
25, a police officer, was suspected
of carrying out the killings at a
checkpoint in the village of Kha-
nan, which lies near a base used
by American Special Forces sol-
The elder, Shamsullah Saharai,
said in a telephone interview that
his son had worked with the Spe-
cial Forces soldiers for four
years, and that he had not heard
from him in six days.
Killings by Afghan forces of
their coalition counterparts have
intensified in recent years in Af-
ghanistan, where the military’s
term for such attacks — it calls
them green-on-blue killings —
has entered widespread usage.
The latest episode brings the to-
tal number of coalition service
members intentionally killed this
year by Afghan forces to 34 in 25
attacks. In 2011, 35 were killed in
21 such attacks.
Coalition and Afghan officials
say that much of the violence is
related to personal disputes be-
tween the Afghans and their for-
eign partners, not the result of
Taliban infiltration.
But the possibility that the kill-
ing on Friday was planned raised
the prospect of a deepening
threat, either through plotting
against coalition forces among
some Afghan soldiers and police
officers or Taliban infiltration.
In a separate episode on Fri-
day, a fourth coalition service
member was killed in southern
Afghanistan in what the coalition
described as an insurgent attack.
The coalition, in a statement, did
not specify the service member’s
nationality or provide any other
details. Helmand, a province
where American Marines, British
soldiers and the Afghan Army
have fought for years to clear out
the Taliban, had additional vio-
lence on Friday when a car hit a
hidden bomb around 9 a.m. in the
district of Musa Qala, the police
said. At least six people were
Afghan Ally
Kills 3 G.I.’s,
Official Says
New Case of Violence
Inside the Coalition
A police officer shot
soldiers invited to a
meal, an Afghan says. An Afghan employee of The New
York Times contributed reporting
from Lashkar Gah, Afghanistan. By KAREEM FAHIM
EL-ARISH, Egypt — The new police
chief peered through the black grill of a
holding cell and asked a baby-faced pris-
oner inside when he had gotten there. The
young man — he might have been a teen-
ager — had been detained in the previous
day or two as Egypt’s military swept
through the Sinai in pursuit this week of
the killers of 16 of its soldiers.
The chief would not say why the man
had been locked up, but it did not seem to
be a serious matter, judging by the lack of
security in the largely deserted sta-
tion. The chief said the prisoner was a
Palestinian, which, if true, meant he was
also stranded, with the border crossings
into Gaza now closed and the tunnels that
provided an alternate route sealed off or
destroyed. Two bottles of water had been
outside his cell door, along with a box of
pastries, waiting for someone to deliver
them. “He belongs to the army now,” said the
police chief, Mohamed Suleiman. The same could be said of the northern
Sinai Peninsula, the site of a buildup of
troops and military hardware since the fa-
tal attack on Sunday as the Egyptian sol-
diers were about to break their Ramadan
fast. On Friday, Egypt’s new president,
Mohamed Morsi, made his second trip to
the Sinai in less than a week, taking his
senior generals and the interior minister
to the site of the killings to break his fast
with the soldiers. Security officials re-
ported that as few as six and as many as
nine people had been detained in the fatal
attack, but few people expected them to be
the last arrests. And in another show of
popular anger, protesters in the town of
El-Arish on Friday demanded that the
peace treaty with Israel be modified to lift
restrictions on the number of troops that
Egypt can keep in the Sinai, according to
Late last week, trucks carrying ar-
mored vehicles, missile launchers, artil-
lery pieces and tanks rumbled down a
highway in the north Sinai, the first steps
in a government campaign to extend its
control over a region that it had long pre-
ferred to forget. Since it reclaimed the Si-
nai in 1982 after a 15-year occupation by
Israel, the Egyptian government has cov-
eted the land but never embraced its peo-
ple. New resorts in the south employed
few local workers, while residents of the
northern Sinai begged for development
projects, or simply basic government
services. The region’s population, including Bed-
ouins and large numbers of Palestinians,
were treated with contempt by a govern-
ment that only paid attention after epi-
sodes of violence, as it did following a se-
ries of terrorist attacks during the last
decade. In those instances, the security
forces threw thousands of people in jail
while rarely catching the people responsi-
ble. Security officials were fired in showy
displays of accountability, but the prob-
lems ran deeper. The current troubles can be traced to
the uprising last year and the ouster of
President Hosni Mubarak. Turning on the
state, the people of the Sinai threw out the
police, setting fire to police stations in sev-
eral cities. Over the last year and a half,
residents said, hard-line Islamists were in-
creasingly visible in the towns of the
northern Sinai, flush with weapons smug-
gled out of Libya, their strength bolstered
by fresh recruits from among the region’s
angry youth. Residents spoke of jihadist
training camps that operated openly.
“Since the revolution, we’ve started to
see people we’ve never seen before,” said
Sayid al-Maliki, referring to the militants.
Mr. Maliki and others who live in a hous-
ing complex on the edge of the town of El-
Arish said that gunmen had attacked a
nearby army checkpoint 29 times in re-
cent months, attacking from behind the
residences. Snipers sat behind sandbags
on the roofs of the buildings, staring out
into the desert.
The attacks on the checkpoint and oth-
er government outposts had raised fears
of more explosive violence. “We could
feel there was a danger,” said Abu Ahmed,
a farmer who owns property in a village
near Sheikh Zuwayed and who did not
want to use his full name. Militants, he
said, “were preparing for a long time.”
“Everyone tried to warn the security
forces,” he said. “I spoke to senior people.
They said, ‘Not yet, not yet.’” He added, “There will be no develop-
ment without security.” Abu Ahmed is
prosperous by the region’s standards,
growing tomatoes, cantaloupes and olives
on his land. But his wells are drying up,
and fresh water arrives in trucks, once a
week. “People can’t find work,” he said,
sitting in a shack on the edge of his fields.
“They just work on each other.”
He expressed a cautious hope that the
military had learned from the past. An
army convoy drove through his property
last week, leaving armored vehicle treads
stamped in the dirt. The soldiers were
pleasant enough, he said. “The atmosphere they created makes
us optimistic, but no one is fooling them-
selves,” he said, adding that there was
some mystery about their work. After a
night of violence, he had heard reports
that the army had killed scores of mil-
itants, blowing up their vehicles. In the
morning, though, there was no sign of a
battle. “There were dead without bodies,” he
said.“Cars without cars.”
Not far away, in Rafah, a man named Is-
mail sat next to the smuggling tunnels he
had recently sealed shut after a request
by Egyptian intelligence agents. It was
for security reasons, they said, after
Egypt’s military and some of its domestic
allies had warned ominously about foreign
hands behind the attack. “They were nice about it,” said Ismail,
who refused to give his last name for fear
of the authorities. “If I were in their place,
I’d do the same.” His land had once been full of olive
trees, but “there was no money in it,” he
said. The tunnels had served as a vital and
lucrative passageway to Gaza, cut off from
the world by Israel and Egypt. He
watched as a group of workers in his yard
threw bags of cement, which had been on
their way to Gaza, back on a truck. “From the canal to the border,” Ismail
said, referring to the Suez Canal, “what
does Sinai need? It needs someone to un-
Civilians at a security checkpoint that has been attacked more than 20 times in recent months. “Everyone tried to warn the security forces,” an area resident said.
After Sinai Killings, Cairo Tightens Grip on a Neglected Region
When a government fell,
residents said, the
militants moved in.
Mayy El Sheikh contributed reporting. By EDWARD WONG
BEIJING — Gu Kailai, the wife of one of
China’s most ambitious leaders, plotted
with allies, including the local police chief,
to protect her son from what she saw as
the blackmail demands of the British busi-
ness associate she confessed in court to
killing, according to accounts of the trial
that emerged on Friday, including one
from the state-run Xinhua news agency. Prosecutors presented evidence at the
trial on Thursday that the Briton, Neil
Heywood, had demanded tens of millions
of dollars from Ms. Gu’s son, locked him
up in a residence in England and sent an
e-mail threatening to “destroy” him. In re-
sponse, prosecutors said, Ms. Gu sought
help from the local police chief, who re-
fused to go along with her plan to get rid of
Mr. Heywood and secretly recorded her
confession to him on the day after she poi-
soned Mr. Heywood. The tale was designed to give a rare
glimpse into the darkest corners of a Chi-
nese ruling family and its foreign ties.
While it was impossible to confirm details
independently, the prosecution’s case por-
trayed a dramatic struggle between Ms.
Gu, 53; her Oxford- and Harvard-educated
son, Bo Guagua, 24; and Mr. Heywood, 41,
a longtime friend and business associate
whose body was found in November in a
hotel in Chongqing, the fog-wreathed cen-
tral China metropolis governed for more
than four years by Ms. Gu’s husband, Bo
Xilai, a Politburo member.
Ms. Gu and a family aide, Zhang Xiao-
jun, stood trial on Thursday in Hefei, An-
hui Province. No verdict was delivered,
but a court official said the defendants did
not object to the charges. The details of
the court arguments that emerged Friday
were not included in a terse statement is-
sued the previous day by officials.
An account of the trial was posted on
Friday morning on, a social
networking Web site, by Zhao Xiangcha, a
university student in Anhui who said he
had been in the courtroom. He said he had
written it from memory after the seven-
hour trial adjourned. Most of the account,
which was deleted from his
page around noon, was confirmed in tele-
phone interviews with Li Xiaolin, a lawyer
for Mr. Zhang, and another lawyer in the
courtroom. Late Friday, Xinhua published
an account with many of the same details. In her statement to the court at the end
of the trial, Ms. Gu confessed to murder-
ing Mr. Heywood, the accounts said. “The
case has been like a huge stone weighing
on me for more than half a year,” Xinhua
quoted her as telling the court. “What a
Many legal experts say the trial was po-
litical theater and little more than a forum
to present an official narrative of the
crime. The defense was not able to cross-
examine witnesses, and the session left
many questions unanswered. For starters,
it failed to address the towering issue of
what Bo Xilai knew of the crime and
whether he had a role in its execution or
Bo Guagua, the son, declined to com-
ment for this article. Mr. Heywood’s moth-
er said before the trial that the case was
rooted in palace intrigue and asked not to
be disturbed this week by posting a note
on the front door of her home in London.
Mr. Heywood’s wife, who is Chinese, could
not be reached for comment.
People at the trial said the defense law-
yers argued that the poison might not
have been enough to kill Mr. Heywood,
and that he probably died from drinking
too much alcohol that night. The lawyers
also said that Ms. Gu suffered from manic
depression and mild schizophrenia and
was not in full control of her actions.
According to the courtroom accounts,
Mr. Heywood, a longtime resident of Chi-
na, met Bo Guagua in England in 2003,
while Xinhua reported it was in 2005. Mr.
Heywood hoped his relationship with the
Bo family would help further his business
ambitions in China.(Western news re-
ports have said Mr. Heywood met the Bo
family in the 1990s in China.)
Mr. Heywood was introduced to Xu
Ming, a young billionaire and friend of the
Bo family, in the northeast city of Dalian, China Murder Case Weaves Blackmail and a Mother’s Love
Policemen at the courthouse in Hefei, China, on Friday, where four senior offi-
cers were tried on accusations that they helped cover up a Briton’s murder.
Continued on Following Page
MEXICO CITY — In May 2011,
Jethro Sánchez, a 27-year-old en-
gineer, was detained by the Mex-
ican Army, and found tortured
and killed. An army colonel was
accused of ordering soldiers to
hide the body to cover up the
crime, and the case vanished in
the country’s maze of military
justice. But Mexico’s Supreme Court
ruled on Thursday that the colo-
nel should be tried in civilian
courts, a decision that human
rights groups say could upend
the way Mexico deals with rights
abuses committed by the military
in the course of fighting the coun-
try’s pervasive drug war.
Since President Felipe Calde-
rón dispatched the army to take
on drug violence in Mexico, alle-
gations of abuses committed by
soldiers against civilians have in-
creased significantly. The military, which has tradi-
tionally acted under its own
rules, has argued that abuse
cases in which soldiers or officers
are defendants must be tried in
military courts. But in practice, those cases go
nowhere. From 2007 to April 2012,
military prosecutors opened al-
most 5,000 investigations, accord-
ing to Human Rights Watch, but
only 38 military personnel were
sentenced during that time. The Supreme Court’s 8-to-2 rul-
ing in the case of the colonel, José
Guadalupe Arias Agredano, was
the first of 28 similar cases the
court is to consider in the coming
days. If it rules the same way in at
least five cases, it will set a prece-
dent under Mexican law, clearing
the way for soldiers to face civil-
ian prosecution. The decision “has the potential
to resolve what has been the
greatest source of impunity for
miliary abuses,” said Nik Stein-
berg, a Mexico researcher for
Human Rights Watch who has re-
ported on the failure of the mil-
itary justice system to punish its
own soldiers and officers. In discussing the case as they
declared their votes, several
judges were unequivocal. “A soldier should never be
judged by a military tribunal
when the victim of a crime is a ci-
vilian and human rights have
been violated as a consequence
of that crime,” said Justice Arturo
Zaldívar. The victims, he said,
“have a right to an impartial tri-
bunal.” The Defense Ministry had no
comment on Friday about the rul-
ing, but it has consistently ap-
pealed efforts by civilian judges
to try cases involving the mil-
itary. Human rights groups had
hoped that a Supreme Court rul-
ing in July 2011 would move mil-
itary cases to civilian courts. The
justices agreed then that Mexico
was required to comply with a
2009 ruling by the Inter-Ameri-
can Court of Human Rights bar-
ring military trials for human
rights abuses. But last year’s ruling was not
strong enough in practice to
counter the military’s resistance. Even efforts by Mr. Calderón to
crack open the military judicial
system have failed. A 2010 bill to
move some crimes to civilian
courts languished in Mexico’s
Congress, and the president’s at-
torney general, Marisela Mo-
rales,has been reluctant to open
her own prosecutions. If the justices set a precedent
by issuing rulings similar to
Thursday’s, Mr. Steinberg said,
“it could mark a seismic shift in
the way such military abuses are
investigated and prosecuted,
pulling off what neither Calderón
nor the Congress could achieve.” Colonel in Cover-Up Case to Be Tried in Mexico Civilian Court A6
where Bo Xilai had been mayor,
and to a “princeling” executive at
a state-owned enterprise sur-
named Zhang. The businessmen
later entered into real estate ven-
tures that included a property
deal in France and projects in
Prosecutors said that the Chi-
nese ventures failed because of
political interference. Mr. Hey-
wood then demanded from Bo
Guagua 14 million pounds, about
$22 million, which was 10 percent
of the money Mr. Heywood had
expected to earn if the ventures
had succeeded, according to Mr.
Li, the lawyer. He added that the
prosecutors said Mr. Heywood
sent threatening e-mails last year
to the younger Mr. Bo; in one,
Mr. Heywood wrote in English
that he would “destroy” Mr. Bo. Mr. Heywood then locked Mr.
Bo up in a home in England, ac-
cording to Mr. Zhao’s account of
the prosecutors’ case. Mr. Bo
called his mother and told her
about the abduction.
In Chongqing, Ms. Gu asked
Wang Lijun, the police chief, for
help, but Mr. Wang said he could
do nothing. It then occurred to
Ms. Gu that she needed to get rid
of Mr. Heywood to protect her
son, whom she called “little rab-
bit” in e-mails, prosecutors said.
According to Xinhua, Ms. Gu
said: “The few days last Novem-
ber, when I learned my son’s life
was at death’s door, my mind in-
deed collapsed.” In an earlier
confession, prosecutors said, she
had asserted, “I would fight with
my life to stop Neil Heywood’s
Ms. Gu, called “big rabbit” by
her son, spoke with Mr. Wang
about trying to frame Mr. Hey-
wood as a drug dealer; on a visit
to Chongqing, Mr. Heywood
would then be shot dead by Mr.
Wang during an attempted ar-
rest. Mr. Wang helped in the plot-
ting, but then refused to take
part. Ms. Gu came up with a new
plan and obtained a poison used
for dogs or rats. Seven people
who helped her procure it were
arrested after the scandal broke.
On Nov. 10, Zhang Xiaojun, 32,
a retired soldier who was once a
personal assistant to Ms. Gu’s fa-
ther, an army general, flew to
Beijing to invite Mr. Heywood to
Chongqing. The prosecutors said
Mr. Zhang was unaware of Ms.
Gu’s intent to kill Mr. Heywood.
Ms. Gu told Mr. Wang, the po-
lice chief, about her scheme on
the afternoon of Nov. 13. Then she
had dinner with Mr. Heywood.
After dinner, Ms. Gu asked a
driver to buy a bottle of Royal Sa-
lute whisky. She prepared vials of
the poison and handed them to
Mr. Zhang. He now knew about
the plan and was initially unwill-
ing to take part but acquiesced
because of his history with the
Gu family, prosecutors said.
Around 11 p.m., they drove to
the secluded Nanshan Lijing Re-
sort, where Mr. Heywood was
staying in Room 1605 of a villa.
Ms. Gu went into the room alone
and drank whisky with Mr. Hey-
wood. He vomited and became
woozy. Mr. Zhang came in and
handed Ms. Gu the vials of poi-
son. They put Mr. Heywood in
bed. When he asked for water,
Ms. Gu poured the poison into his
mouth. She then spread drugs
around the scene, prosecutors
said. Ms. Gu and her associates
left at 11:38 p.m.
The next day, Ms. Gu told Mr.
Wang about the murder. He se-
cretly recorded the conversation. Hotel workers discovered Mr.
Heywood’s body on Nov. 15. The
police arrived, and Mr. Wang di-
rected the investigation. To cover
up Ms. Gu’s crime, he and several
other officers managed to take
away blood samples and other
evidence for about a day, presum-
ably to tamper with it.
In January, however, Mr. Wang
had a falling-out with the elder
Mr. Bo, who then demoted him.
Mr. Wang drove to the American
Consulate in Chengdu on Feb. 6
and told diplomats there about
the killing during an overnight
stay. He left the next day, and
Chinese security officials escort-
ed him to Beijing. Prosecutors
said he gave his secret recording
to the authorities.
Mr. Wang remains in detention
and is expected to go on trial
soon. On Friday evening, a court
official in Hefei announced that
four senior police officers tried
that day for aiding Ms. Gu — Guo
Weiguo, Li Yang, Wang Pengfei
and Wang Zhi — had confessed to
helping cover up the murder. Mr. Bo was dismissed as
Chongqing party chief and sus-
pended from the Politburo after
Mr. Wang turned on him. He is
being investigated for “serious
disciplinary violations.” His
name was barely mentioned at
the trial.
Account of Murder Case in China Weaves Blackmail, Political Theater and a Mother’s Love
From Preceding Page
Gu Kailai, left, at her trial on Thursday in a British business-
man’s killing,and Bo Guagua, her son, at Harvard this spring. Threats on a young
man led to a killing,
prosecutors say.
Edward Wong reported from Bei-
jing, and Andrew Jacobs from
Hefei, China. Patrick Zuo, Mia Li
and Shi Da contributed research.
John Fisher Burns contributed re-
porting from London. sanctions over the disputed Irani-
an nuclear program. The an-
nouncement said the United
States “remains deeply con-
cerned about the close ties
shared by the Iranian and Syrian
regimes and is committed to us-
ing every tool available to pre-
vent regional destabilization.”
The accusations were made a
few days after Iran’s top national
security official, Saeed Jalili, vis-
ited Syria and assured its embat-
tled president, Bashar al-Assad,
that Iran, Syria and Hezbollah
were an unbreakable axis of re-
sistance to Israel and its Western
allies, reinforcing Syria’s evolv-
ing role as the arena of a proxy
war pitting Iran and its friends
against the West.
American officials would not
provide evidence for the new ac-
cusations against Hezbollah and
avoided specifying whether its
operatives were engaged in com-
bat inside Syria, as some anti-
Assad fighters have asserted. But
the accusations appeared to open
a new avenue of American pres-
sure on Syria’s government and
to be a way to embarrass Mr.
Nasrallah, a powerful figure
whose unwavering public sup-
port for Mr. Assad has created
political strains in his home base
of Lebanon. Many Lebanese support the
uprising against Mr. Assad and
his ruling Alawite minority, and
thousands of Syrian refugees
from Mr. Assad’s crackdown
have fled to Lebanon. “Hezbollah is actively provid-
ing support to the Assad regime
as it carries out its bloody cam-
paign against the Syrian people,”
David. S. Cohen, the Treasury’s
under secretary for terrorism
and financial intelligence, told re-
porters in a telephone conference
call. He said the designation of
Hezbollah in a Treasury Depart-
ment sanction makes “clear to
parties around the world — both
domestically and internationally
— the true nature of Hezbollah’s
The State Department’s co-
ordinator for counterterrorism,
Daniel Benjamin, who also par-
ticipated in the call, said, “Hez-
bollah’s actions in Syria under-
score its fears of a Syria without
the Assad regime and the impact
that this would have on the
group’s capabilities and its
strength over the long term.”
Despite repeated questioning,
neither official would provide de-
tails to support the accusations,
or specific evidence of how they
had reached their conclusions.
“This is not a matter of idle spec-
ulation or press reports,” Mr.
Benjamin said. “This is based on
a great deal of information-gath-
ering that we have done and
we’ve synthesized and we’ve put
it together in an authoritative
document, and we believe that it
will be taken seriously by many
around the world.”
An American official, who
spoke on condition of anonymity,
said Hezbollah was using “its
specialized skill set and under-
standing of insurgencies” to aid
Syria. “The group’s deep famil-
iarity with the Syrian landscape
makes it a nimble and effective
military partner,” the official said.
“Even though at current levels its
assistance probably won’t
change the outcome of the con-
flict, it’s prolonging the fight and
contributing to the deaths of in-
nocent civilians.”
Both Hezbollah and Iran have
repeatedly denied that they have
aided Mr. Assad’s military. They
have supported his contention
that the uprising against him is
led by terrorist groups armed by
Sunni Arab monarchies, Israel
and the United States.
Nonetheless, Mr. Nasrallah
has made no secret of his support
for Mr. Assad, extolling his lead-
ership after the assassination of
top presidential aides in a Da-
mascus bombing carried out by
insurgents last month. “These
martyr leaders were comrades in
arms in the conflict with the Is-
raeli enemy,” he said. Hezbollah has long been classi-
fied as a terrorist organization by
the United States and Israel. But
Hezbollah also is an important
political party and a welfare or-
ganization in Lebanon, with a
long history of helping the coun-
try’s Shiite Muslim and Palestin-
ian populations.
Matthew Levitt, director of the
program on counterterrorism
and intelligence at the Washing-
ton Institute for Near East Pol-
icy, said that while broad accusa-
tions of Hezbollah involvement in
the Syrian conflict were not new,
the Treasury statement ratchet-
ed up the pressure because the
United States government was
stating them as fact and adding
that Mr. Nasrallah was person-
ally overseeing the assistance.
He said the statement appeared
to be an attempt to embarrass
Hezbollah and Iran politically,
rather than to exact a practical
toll through sanctions. “The sanction effect of this is
minimal,” he said. “This is a
name-and-shame exposé type of
an action.”
Other scholars of Middle East
politics questioned the accuracy
of the accusations against Hez-
bollah, saying it probably is giv-
ing Mr. Assad only limited mil-
itary help. They note that while
Hezbollah has a strategic interest
in protecting Mr. Assad, it is also
a savvy political operator that
may need to hedge its bets if Mr.
Assad is deposed and replaced by
a Sunni-led government. They
also said Hezbollah’s power in
Lebanon depended partly on
maintaining a Lebanese national-
ist image rather than a sectarian
Shiite one.
“There’s not a lot of meat in it,”
Augustus Richard Norton, a pro-
fessor of international relations
at Boston University, said of the
Treasury sanction. “My reading
— and I’m sure this isn’t a pop-
ular reading in Washington in
some quarters — is that Hez-
bollah has been taking a very
low-key approach to the Syrian
crisis precisely because they
have such high domestic stakes
in Lebanon.” Others said they needed to see
more facts behind the American
charges. Yezid Sayigh, a scholar
of Arab militaries and a senior as-
sociate at the Carnegie Middle
East Center in Beirut, said the ac-
cusations may be based on “an
extremely specific and narrow
form of assistance, while giving
the impression that Hezbollah is
involved in giving a much wider
range of assistance.”
In Syria, the focus of the con-
flict continued on Friday to be the
siege of Aleppo, the largest city,
where insurgents have been bat-
tling government forces backed
by jets, helicopters, artillery and
tanks, and have retreated from
some neighborhoods. Rebel com-
manders have complained in re-
cent days of ammunition short-
ages, and some have criticized
Western countries for not moving
more aggressively to help them.
Britain, however, seemed to
move a step closer to aid the
rebel side. Foreign Secretary Wil-
liam Hague said the British gov-
ernment would establish official
contacts with insurgents inside
Syria and expand its nonlethal
aid to groups fighting under the
banner of the Free Syrian Army.
U.S. Officials Say Hezbollah Is Aiding the Syrian Military With Help From Iran
A rebel fired toward government snipers in Aleppo. The opposition has complained of ammunition shortages and has criticized the West of not doing enough.
From Page A1
ISTANBUL — As refugees flow across
the border from war-torn Syria into Turkey
by the thousands, Secretary of State Hillary
Rodham Clinton arrives here Saturday for
a strategy session with Turkish officials on
the conflict aimed at assessing “what we’re
doing now and what more can be done,” an
American official said Friday.
Turkey has made clear that it would like
to see a safe haven created for the Syrian
rebels near the Turkish border with Syria,
but so far the United States government
has resisted that idea because of concerns
that protecting those areas would mean be-
coming more involved in a messy, protract-
ed conflict. “What the Turks want to know now is if
they do it, will the U.S. be there with
them?” said Andrew J. Tabler, an analyst
with the Washington Institute for Near
East Policy. “Not necessarily setting it up,
but will they use air power to transport
equipment or supplies or artillery and
things like that?” The Americans last met with Turkish
leaders in June, and American officials said
another meeting for the Friends of Syria —
a larger group of countries opposing Presi-
dent Bashar al-Assad — is already planned
for the end of August or early September.
Mrs.Clinton, they said, will take what she
learns in Turkey to the larger group. The flurry of discussion is part of a com-
petitive international effort arising in the
wake of the United Nations failure to bro-
ker some kind of peace in Syria. Mrs.Clin-
ton is meeting with Turkish officials and op-
position leaders just two days after Iran,
Syria’s main ally, hosted its own meeting
with representatives from around 30 coun-
tries, including China and Russia, which
have refused to support any international
intervention that would hasten Mr. Assad’s
departure. About 6,000 Syrians have arrived in Tur-
key in the past week alone, lugging mat-
tresses, clothing and family mementos
while bringing the officially registered refu-
gee population here to more than 50,000.
Strategy for Syrian Refugees in Turkey Is on Clinton Agenda The Department of De-
fense has identified 2,063
American service members
who have died as a part of
the Afghan war and related
operations. It confirmed the
deaths of the following
Americans recently:
BEAUCHAMP, Clayton R., 21,
Petty Officer Third Class,
Navy; Weatherford, Tex.;
First Marine Division.
GRAY, Walter D., 38, Maj., Air
Force; Conyers, Ga.; 13th Air
Support Operations Squadron.
GRIFFIN, Kevin J., 45, Com-
mand Sgt. Maj., Army; Lara-
mie, Wyo.; Fourth Infantry
KENNEDY, Thomas E., 35, Maj.,
Army; West Point, N.Y.;
Fourth Infantry Division.
MARTIN, Ethan J., 22, Special-
ist, Army; Lewiston, Idaho;
25th Infantry Division. Names of the Dead
In July, the sixth anniversary of the war with Israel, Lebanese supporters of Hezbollah waved the
group’s yellow flags and Syrian flags emblazoned with an image of President Bashar al-Assad. Scott Shane contributed reporting
from Washington, Damien Cave
from Istanbul, and John F. Burns
from London. N
IX years ago, Rupert Murdoch’s British
tabloid The Sun described Tom Watson,
then a little-known 39-year-old member
of Parliament, as part of a “plotting gang of
weasels” who played “grubby politics at a
time when soldiers are dying in Afghani-
Recently, Mr. Watson got some payback. For years he led the push to investigate
the freewheeling tactics at British tabloids,
most notably those belonging to Mr. Mur-
doch, as the scandal involving phone hacking
unfolded. Last month prosecutors brought
criminal charges against eight senior editors
and reporters at News International, the
British publishing arm of Mr. Murdoch’s
News Corporation.
Since the accusations were first made pub-
lic, Mr. Watson, a Labour politician who had
himself been the subject of tabloid fodder,
has emerged as a kind of Inspector Javert of
the Murdochs.He served on the parliamen-
tary committee on media ethics that repeat-
edly questioned Mr. Murdoch and his son
James; traveled to Los Angeles to attend the
company’s shareholder meeting where he
leveled new charges, and he even recently
published a book about the phone-hacking
scandal, “Dial M For Murdoch.” It is hard to imagine even the most publici-
ty-craving American official writing a similar
book in the middle of Congressional hear-
ings. And Mr. Watson has faced criticism for
his ubiquity in the British news media and
for telling James Murdoch, who formerly
oversaw News Corporation’s British opera-
tions,during the hearing that he is “the first
mafia boss in history who didn’t know he
was running a criminal enterprise.” The criti-
cisms have not deterred Mr. Watson. On a sunny afternoon in his office at Port-
cullis House in Westminster, the shades
pulled tight, he said he expected that the
phone hacking would prove to be the tip of
the iceberg. “I’m certain we’ll see more evi-
dence emerge of computer hacking,” Mr.
Watson said in a far-ranging interview in
May. Last month a Scotland Yard investiga-
tion did reveal that wrongdoing at Murdoch-
owned British papers extended to computer
hacking and payments to public officials.
Mr. Watson, 45, is not the typical corporate
gadfly. He indulges in the role-playing video
game The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim in his free
time and quotes Bob Dylan in describing
News International’s mistakes. (“The ladder
of the law has no top and no bottom,” he said
in a May news conference.) Last year, Mr. Watson was named deputy
chairman of the Labour Party, a position that
coordinates the party’s campaigns.
On his office wall at Parliament hangs an
illustrated rendering of Mr. Watson dressed
as Super Mario, royal blue overalls and all,
and a framed copy of the final edition of the
168-year-old News of the World, the Murdoch
tabloid closed in July 2011 after reports of
widespread phone hacking emerged. “Thank
You & Goodbye,” the headline read. Born in Sheffield and raised in Kiddermin-
ster in Britain’s West Midlands area, he grew
up reading the left-wing tabloid Morning
Star (founded in 1930 as the mouthpiece of
Britain’s Communist Party) and middle-mar-
ket Daily Express. He was first elected to
Parliament in 2001,representing West Brom-
wich East, a central district that includes
most of the town of West Bromwich and has
one of the highest unemployment rates in
N 2006, Mr. Watson signed a letter calling
for the resignation of Prime Minister
Tony Blair, whom Mr. Murdoch still
backed. The move, Mr. Watson said, prompt-
ed the ire of Rebekah Brooks (then Rebekah
Wade), the onetime editor of both The Sun
and News of the World who has now been
charged with phone hacking and obstruction. He said the political editor at the Blair-
friendly Sun warned him: “My editor will
pursue you for the rest of your life. She will
never forgive you for what you did to her
Tony.” Ms. Brooks could not be reached for
comment, and a News Corporation spokes-
woman could not comment on the criminal
investigation. In 2009 The Telegraph reported that Mr.
Watson claimed the maximum government
allowance on a set of dining room chairs for
his London home. The purchase, which he
had to defend with the parliamentary fees of-
fice, earned Mr. Watson a free pizza cutter
from the department store Marks & Spencer,
a detail not lost on the British media. He said he did not think much about phone
hacking until 2009 when The Guardian pub-
lished an article about how News of the
World reporters regularly intercepted voice
mail messages. Colin Myler, then the editor
of The News of the World (and now of The
New York Daily News), answered lawmak-
ers’ questions about the accusations. “His
body language was such that I thought there
had to be more to it,” Mr. Watson said.
“That’s when we really started to drill down
deeper.” Around that time,News International put
Mr. Watson and his family under surveil-
lance. “We were put under unbearable pressure,”
Mr. Watson said. He said the scrutiny put on
his family by News International contributed
to his divorce.“My wife and I are separated
mainly because she’s not patient about News
International in any way,” Mr. Watson said.
In November, James Murdoch said he was
subsequently made aware that the company
had spied on Mr. Watson. “I apologize unre-
servedly for that,” he said in a parliamentary
select committee hearing. “It is not some-
thing that I would condone.It is not some-
thing I had knowledge of,and it is not some-
thing that has a place in the way we operate.” In May, Mr. Watson, as part of Parlia-
ment’s Culture, Media and Sport Select Com-
mittee, was one of six Labour and Liberal
Democrat legislators who declared that the
elder Murdoch was “not a fit person to exer-
cise the stewardship of a major international
News Corporation called the report’s dec-
laration “unjustified and highly partisan,”
but Mr. Watson stands by the report’s lan-
guage. With unexpected respect he called
Mr. Murdoch “one of the great media innova-
tors of the last half century,” but said that the
scandal had exposed a “corporate culture
that is shot to pieces.” (A News Corporation
spokeswoman declined to comment for this
Mr. Watson’s new book, written with the
journalist Martin Hickman, recounts the epi-
sodes that led to the closing of The News of
the World. In the book he tells a story
steeped in the language of class warfare and
refers to himself in the third person, in both
mundane and heroic terms. (“Watson crept
out of bed and bought the papers.” “As Wat-
son walked along the beach, he was in
E said he did not see a conflict in writ-
ing a book about a corporate scandal
while sitting on a committee investi-
gating that scandal. Instead, he said he con-
sidered the book a public service. “It’s a complex story that was not told in
the pages of British newspapers until very
recently,” Mr. Watson said. He added: “And
our select committees aren’t as powerful as
Senate committees” in the United States.
Mr. Watson said he expected the investiga-
tion into News Corporation would stretch on
for at least two more years. The scandal,
meanwhile, has helped raise Mr. Watson’s
profile, a detail not lost on his opponents,
who feel the crusade against Mr. Murdoch
was motivated in part for political gain. Mr.
Watson said it was not. But he did say that a
murky area goes with the territory.
“The good guys and the bad guys are all
slightly flawed in this tragedy,” Mr. Watson
said. The bells of Big Ben just outside his of-
fice struck five o’clock in the background. He
added: “In some ways it’s so positively
“The good guys and the bad guys are all slightly flawed in this tragedy.”
The British Lawmaker Nipping at Tabloids’ Heels
Iraq: Insurgents Attack Worshipers at Mosque
A string of insurgent attacks, including a car bombing against a Shiite
mosque, killed 10 people in Iraq on Friday, officials said. The car bomb
struck the mosque as worshipers were praying in a village near Mosul,
225 miles northwest of Baghdad. Three people were killed and 35
wounded, police officials said. Other acts of violence included an attack
on a checkpoint near Dujail, 50 miles north of Baghdad, and the bomb-
ing of a police patrol in Muqdadiya, 60 miles north of Baghdad. (AP)
China: Mother Freed From Labor Camp After Protests
Chinese authorities on Friday released a woman sent to a labor camp
for campaigning for harsher sentences for the seven men convicted of
abducting, raping and prostituting her 11-year-old daughter, with offi-
cials apparently bowing to public pressure in the case. The woman,
Tang Hui, was ordered by the Yongzhou police in Hunan Province last
week to serve 18 months in a labor camp for “disturbing social order
and exerting a negative impact on society” for protesting in front of
government buildings. The sentence generated a storm of criticism
from intellectuals, bloggers and even state media, and it revived debate
over China’s use of re-education through labor, a system that allows for
detention without trial. The official Xinhua News Agency said Ms. Tang
was released after officials reviewed her appeal. Xinhua cited Hunan
provincial authorities as saying that the camp decided to free her so she
could take care of her daughter, who is now 17 years old. (AP)
Japan: Inspectors Study Plant That Avoided Disaster
The nuclear power plant that was closest to the epicenter of last year’s
earthquake endured more ground-shaking than the Fukushima plant
did,but was largely undamaged because it was designed with enough
safety margins, nuclear inspectors said Friday. The Onagawa plant in
northern Japan recorded temblors that exceeded its design capacity,
and the basement of one of its reactor buildings flooded. But the plant
maintained its cooling capacity, its reactors shut down without damage
to their cores and there were no signs of major damage to crucial safety
systems. The United Nations nuclear watchdog’s inspectors found that
the Onagawa plant managed to avoid a catastrophe like Fukushima be-
cause its safety systems successfully functioned,said Sujit Samaddar,
who led the International Atomic Energy Agency mission. (AP)
India: Official’s Advice Prompts an Outcry
A minister in India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, has said bu-
reaucrats can steal a little as long as they work hard, prompting a na-
tional outcry in a country long plagued by corruption scandals. “If you
work hard, and put your heart and soul into it, then you are allowed to
steal some,” the minister, Shivpal Singh Yadav, told a gathering of local
officials in comments caught on camera. “But don’t be a bandit.” The
comments on Thursday were caught by a local television camera and
then played on newscasts across the country. Mr. Yadav, a minister for
public works who belongs to the state’s governing Samajwadi Party,
quickly sought to control the damage, calling a news conference on Fri-
day to explain that the comments had been taken out of context and
that he had been discussing how to combat corruption. (REUTERS)
Spain: Plans of Mexican Gang Thwarted, Officials Say
Spanish police officers working with the F.B.I. have halted an attempt
by a major Mexican drug smuggling and distribution ring to establish a
European operation, the authorities said Friday. The Interior Ministry
announced that four people suspected of being members of the Sinaloa
drug organization had been arrested in Madrid but offered few details.
The ministry said the group wanted to make Spain a gateway for opera-
tions in Europe, even carrying out test runs using shipping containers
without drugs. With information provided by an F.B.I. investigation that
began in 2009, the Spanish police located the suspects and monitored
them closely. In late July, investigators intercepted a container carrying
822 pounds of cocaine, and then moved in to make the arrests. One of
the four suspects is said to be a cousin of the leader of the Sinaloa drug
Venezuela: American Citizen Detained, Chávez Says
President Hugo Chávez said Venezuelan authorities had detained an
American citizen and were interrogating him, and Mr. Chávez voiced
his suspicions that the man could be a “mercenary” plotting to destabil-
ize the country. Mr. Chávez did not identify the man or detail the accu-
sations against him. He said that the American was detained last Satur-
day while crossing into Venezuela from Colombia and that he was car-
rying a United States passport with entrance and exit stamps from Iraq,
Afghanistan and Libya. A State Department official said Friday that the
United States government had not been notified of the arrest by the
Venezuelan government. (AP)
World Briefing By HIROKO TABUCHI
TOKYO — Prime Minister Yo-
shihiko Noda’s plan to double Ja-
pan’s sales tax was approved by
Parliament on Friday after
months of haggling, but only af-
ter Mr. Noda promised opposi-
tion lawmakers that he would call
early elections — a move that is
likely to end his term in office and
his party’s hold on power.
Despite low popularity ratings,
Mr. Noda, who took office last
September, has pushed ahead
with the plan to raise the tax to 10
percent from 5 percent by 2015,
an increase he says is necessary
to start reducing the country’s
Mr. Noda and other deficit
hawks worry that Japan’s debt,
which is the largest among indus-
trialized nations, will set off a cri-
sis akin to Europe’s. Moreover,
Japan’s social security spending
is surging as its population ages,
adding about $13 billion to gov-
ernment expenditures every
“To ask the public to bear a
bigger burden is a painful topic
that every politician would like to
avoid, run away from, or delay
until after his term in office,” Mr.
Noda said at a news conference
on Friday. “But somebody must
bear the burden of our social se-
curity costs.”
The prime minister’s critics
say that his fears are overblown
— interest rates are still at rock-
bottom levels on Japanese gov-
ernment bonds — and that rais-
ing taxes will only weaken Ja-
pan’s fragile economy.
Some of Mr. Noda’s toughest
opposition has come from within
his own Democratic Party. Last
month, 50 lawmakers opposed to
the tax plan left the party, greatly
weakening it.
The main opposition Liberal
Democratic Party had also crit-
icized Mr. Noda’s tax plan but
this week agreed to back it in ex-
change for a vague promise from
the prime minister that he would
call elections “soon.”
The Democrats are likely to
fare poorly in early elections. The
party’s promises to change Ja-
pan’s postwar order attracted
wide support in 2009. But a series
of weak prime ministers, as well
as the party’s bungled response
to last year’s earthquake and the
resulting nuclear disaster, may
have sealed its fate. The Demo-
crats hope to put off holding elec-
tions until at least September,
when they plan to elect a new
party leader to help restore the
party’s popularity ahead of a
The Liberal Democratic Party
is expected to push for an earlier
vote, before its opponents can re-
group. But it is unclear whether
the Liberal Democrats, pushed
out of power three years ago by
an electorate fed up with a half-
century of almost uninterrupted
L.D.P. rule, will be able to attract
much popular support.
Recent surveys show support
for Mr. Noda’s government lan-
guishing at about 20 percent. But
ratings for the Liberal Democrats
are barely better.
One wild card is Japan’s grow-
ing antinuclear movement, which
has staged well-attended pro-
tests nationwide in recent
months. The movement is as crit-
ical of the Democrats, whom it
accuses of mishandling the re-
sponse to the Fukushima nuclear
accident, as it is of the Liberal
Democrats, the architects of Ja-
pan’s nuclear energy program.
Supporters of the antinuclear
movement also tend to be critical
of Mr. Noda’s tax plan, arguing
that he should do more to safe-
guard public health in the wake
of the Fukushima disaster, and
reform Japan’s energy sector, be-
fore turning his attention to the
consumption tax.
It remains unclear, however, to
what extent the grass-roots
movement can turn antinuclear
sentiment into votes. In a recent
race for a governor’s seat in
western Japan, a candidate push-
ing an antinuclear agenda lost to
a conservative Liberal Democrat-
ic candidate, though he did better
than expected. Economists point out that Mr.
Noda’s plan would fall far short of
erasing Japan’s debt. Moreover,
despite Mr. Noda’s claims that
the consumption tax is devised to
reduce the burden on future gen-
erations, the bulk of the new tax
revenues would be put toward
paying for the surging medical
bills and pensions of the elderly.
Mr. Noda had promised to re-
form the social welfare system to
address concerns that younger
Japanese are bearing a dispro-
portionate burden as they sup-
port the country’s pensioners.
But action on that part of the plan
has been delayed amid squab-
bling by policy makers.
Japan Sales Tax Increase Passed, on Pledge of Early Election
In a bid to win
opposition support,
the premier faces the
likely end of his term.
Everything you need to
know for your business day
is in Business Day.
The New York Times
STRATHAM, N.H. — Edgar
Barnes was relieved, almost
buoyant, on Friday for the first
time in many weeks. He had just
emerged from a state-sponsored
health clinic here where he was
tested for hepatitis C. His test
came back negative.
“I’m excited,” said Mr. Barnes,
74, of nearby Raymond, allowing
himself a big smile. He said that
he and his wife would celebrate
by going out for seafood.
Mr. Barnes is one of thousands
of people in New Hampshire who
have been anxious that they
might have hepatitis C, a chronic
disease that can lead to cancer
and is a major cause of liver
transplants. They were all patients at Exe-
ter Hospital, not far from here,
between April 2011 and May 2012,
when a medical technician on the
staff was linked to a hepatitis C
outbreak. The outbreak is one of
the largest in recent history and
is complicated because the tech-
nician, David Kwiatkowski, 33 —
who may have had the disease
since at least June 2010 — had
worked at 18 hospitals in seven
other states (Arizona, Georgia,
Kansas, Maryland, Michigan,
New York and Pennsylvania)
over the last decade. He was fired
from at least two hospitals but
was hired subsequently by four
Several federal and state agen-
cies across the country are con-
ducting a widespread investiga-
tion to find out when Mr. Kwiat-
kowski was first infected, how ex-
actly he might have transmitted
the disease to others and to
whom he might have transmitted
it; testing is under way in some
of the other states where he
“Its reach is unprecedented,
and we’re the tip of the spear in
the investigation,” John P. Kaca-
vas, the United States attorney
for New Hampshire, said in an in-
terview. “In terms of volume,
scope and intensity of work in-
volved, it’s a mammoth effort.”
Law enforcement officials said
that Mr. Kwiatkowski engaged in
a classic bit of “drug diversion.”
In such cases, a hospital employ-
ee steals a fresh syringe, injects
himself with it — thus almost cer-
tainly contaminating it — refills it
with some other liquid and slips it
back into place, whereupon an
unsuspecting doctor or nurse
uses it on a patient.
A new report this week by the
federal Centers for Medicare and
Medicaid Services said that at
Exeter syringes were left un-
attended on medication carts by
nurses in the cardiac catheteriza-
tion lab, where Mr. Kwiatkowski
mainly worked. Hospital officials said they
have since made sure that such
drugs are kept secure until they A medical technician
linked to syringes left
unattended on carts.
Report Looks
At Hospital
In Outbreak
Of Hepatitis
Continued on Page A11
ST. LOUIS — The leaders of
the nation’s largest group of nuns
sidestepped a confrontation with
the hierarchy of the Roman Cath-
olic Church, announcing Friday
that they would “dialogue” with
the archbishop appointed by the
Vatican to take over their group,
but not “compromise the integri-
ty” of their mission.
Sister Pat Farrell, the depart-
ing president of the nuns’ group,
the Leadership Conference of
Women Religious, said at a news
conference that the members of
her organization wanted to be
“recognized as equal in the
church,” to have their style of re-
ligious life “respected and af-
firmed,” and to help create a cli-
mate in which everyone in the
church can talk about “issues
that are very complicated.” “Their expectation is that open
and honest dialogue may lead not
only to increasing understanding
between the church leadership
and women religious,” the nuns
said in a statement, “but also to
creating more possibilities for the
laity, and particularly for women,
to have a voice in the church.” Some Vatican officials have al-
ready indicated exasperation
with the nuns’ insistence on per-
petual dialogue. They say that
church doctrine is not open for di-
alogue. Cardinal William J. Leva-
da, an American who until June
was in charge of the church’s doc-
trinal office, called the nuns’ ap-
proach a “dialogue of the deaf.” The decision to seek a dialogue
came after more than 900 nuns
spent four days doing what they
call “listening to the Holy Spirit”
inside a hotel ballroom. They rep-
resent about 80 percent of the
57,000 Catholic nuns in the United
States. They were responding to
an edict issued in April by Cardi-
nal Levada’s office, which or-
dered three American bishops to
rewrite the Leadership Confer-
ence’s statutes, evaluate its pro-
grams and publications, and re-
vise its liturgies and rituals. The Vatican accused the group
of promoting “radical feminist
themes incompatible with the
Catholic faith” and “corporate
dissent” against church teach-
ings, like those prohibiting the or-
dination of women to the priest-
hood, same-sex relationships and
artificial birth control. Many nuns said they regarded
the Vatican’s assessment as not
only wrong, but also “a public hu-
miliation,” said Sister Mary Was-
kowiak, a Sister of Mercy, in a
news conference on Thursday.
They said they did not want to
respond with anger because they
believed in dialogue as the best
method for resolving problems. It
is what the sisters say they prac-
tice within their own communi-
ties when they have differences,
and they said they wanted to see
this method serve as a model for
others in and outside the church.
Sister Sandra M. Schneiders,
professor emeritus of New Testa-
ment studies at the Jesuit School
of Theology/Graduate Theolog-
ical Union in Berkeley, Calif., who
received an award from the nuns’
group on Friday, said in an in-
terview: “There is definitely a
desire to de-escalate the conflict,
because fighting is not what
we’re about. But there are also
non-negotiables,” she said, in-
cluding the belief that God
speaks through many people, not
just through the bishops. The board of the nuns’ group is
to meet on Saturday with J. Peter
Sartain, archbishop of Seattle, the
Vatican appointee charged with
overhauling the nuns’ group.
Archbishop Sartain praised the
nuns in a statement and said,
“We must also work toward
clearing up any misunderstand-
ings, and I remain truly hopeful
that we will work together with-
out compromising church teach-
ing or the important role of the
Some church analysts said the
nuns’ group may be able to stall
because the leadership in the
Vatican is in flux and the over-
haul is supposed to take five
years. Cardinal Levada has been
succeeded by a German, Arch-
bishop Gerhard Ludwig Müller.
He has called for the nuns to up-
hold church doctrine, but he has
also said that he desires “mutual
trust” with them.
The standoff between the Vat-
ican and the nuns has become a
proxy for the struggle between
the church’s right and left flanks.
As the nuns were reminded this
week, many Catholics who want
to see their church reformed are
looking to the nuns to be their
voice. “Our church has become
so judgmental,” Thomas C. Fox,
publisher of the National Catholic
Reporter, a liberal Catholic media
outlet, said in a speech to the sis-
ters on Thursday. “We get edicts
of judgment after edicts of judg-
ment. Who’s there to say we love
you, we support you, to say we
understand your pain?” “When we look around, the
place that we’re hearing that is
from you,” he said. “Like it or not,
you are the authentic voices of
the people of God.” But it is the job of the Vatican’s
office to rein in those who dis-
sent, said Ann Carey, author of
“Sisters in Crisis: The Tragic Un-
raveling of Women’s Religious
Communities,” who is covering
the nuns’ conference for the con-
servative National Catholic Reg-
ister. “When they see someone
trying to lead the laity in the di-
rection of changing church teach-
ings, to me that’s a legitimate
When the nuns at the assembly
on Friday heard their officials
read their formal statement,
there was enthusiastic applause,
said Sister Camille D’Arienzo, a
past president of the leadership
conference. It suited the nuns,
she said, because “It’s steeped in
hope for a good outcome.” National Nuns’ Group Dodges Showdown With Vatican, Seeking ‘Dialogue’
Sister Florence Deacon, left, and Sister Pat Farrell of the nuns’
group, the Leadership Conference of Women Religious.
OAK CREEK, Wis. — One by
one, six coffins were rolled into a
high school gymnasium here Fri-
day and were surrounded by Sikh
men and women singing tradi-
tional Punjabi hymns. As they
sang, thousands of people from
around the world streamed into
the gym to mourn the six wor-
shipers who were shot and killed
on Sunday at the Sikh Temple of
Wisconsin here. The deaths have rocked the
town and reverberated through-
out the global Sikh community,
leading neighbors to skip work
and visitors from as far as India
to converge at Oak Creek High
School for a group memorial
service and wake.
“These bullets have hit their
hearts,” said Rajwant Singh,
chairman of Sikh Council on Reli-
gion and Education, who traveled
from Washington. “It has become
a big family gathering. It is really
a shaking moment hitting the
core of the community.”
During the visitation, families
of the victims stood next to the
bodies of their loved ones. Wood-
en coffins, draped with white
cloth, were lined up under the
basketball nets. Behind each cof-
fin was a portrait of the victim
and flowers. A line of visitors stretched out
the door and into the parking lot. Though the gym was packed,
with bleachers overflowing, the
room was completely still as the
victims’ names were read over a
loudspeaker: Sita Singh, 41; Ran-
jit Singh, 49; Prakash Singh, 39;
Paramjit Kaur, 41; Suveg Singh,
84; and the temple’s president,
Satwant Singh Kaleka, 65.
People of a range of races and
faiths wore colored head scarves
out of respect for the Sikh reli-
gion. Some were red-eyed from
crying. Others clutched rosary
beads. It was the most recent ex-
ample of the outpouring of sup-
port from a community that has
held vigils, sent comforting
e-mails, and helped raise hun-
dreds of thousands of dollars for
the victims’ families over the
past week. “I don’t see how we can forget
this,” said Barbara Henschel, 41,
of who lives in nearby Milwaukee
and took time off work to attend
the service. “There’s a lot of heal-
ing that will have to begin.” Representatives of the victims’
families, Sikh religious leaders
and government officials spoke
during the memorial service,
among them Gov.Scott Walker of
Wisconsin and Attorney General
Eric H. Holder Jr. “No matter what country your
ancestors came from, no matter
where you worship, no matter
what your background, as Ameri-
cans, we are one,” said Mr. Walk-
er. “When you attack one of us,
you attack all of us.”
As he left the gym, Steve Ellis,
35, recalled seeing squad cars
zoom past his Oak Creek church
last Sunday, sirens blaring.He
did not realize they were re-
sponding to calls that someone
had opened fire in a Sikh temple
not far away. “Something like this hits
home,” he said, adding that as a
groundskeeper at a cemetery in
Milwaukee he is witness to many
funeral gatherings. “I’ve seen
nothing this big.” Prabhjot Singh, co-founder and
trustee of the Sikh Coalition,a
New York-based advocacy group,
said it was important that so
many people showed up. “It validates that we are all
Americans,” Mr. Singh said.
“Hate and the killer were not suc-
cessful. He wanted to divide,and
we have come together.”
Federal officials still do not
know why Wade M. Page, a new-
comer to the area with ties to
white supremacy groups, took
six lives and wounded three peo-
ple, including a police officer, be-
fore shooting himself. “Last Sunday morning, this
community witnessed the very
worst of humankind,” Mr.Holder
said, noting that it was not the
first time that Sikhs had seen vio-
lence directed at them.
“In the recent past, too many
Sikhs have been targeted, victim-
ized simply because of who they
are, how they look and what they
believe,” Mr. Holder said. He said
that law enforcement officials
would implement the solutions
“that we need to prevent future
After the high school gather-
ing, some of the mourners went
to the temple where the shoot-
ings occurred for further serv-
ices. Priests and members of the
temple planned to read for 48
hours from the Sikh holy book,
Guru Granth Sahib, cover to cov-
er, taking turns through the
night. Funeral services for the
victims were private.
Linda Hetzeo, 46, said she lives
a mile and a half from the temple,
but knew little about the Sikhs.
When she heard about the shoot-
ings, she and some neighbors
prayed together in a living room,
the television coverage muted in
the background. “As a Christian, I just need to
be a part of this,” she said, adding
that she had since learned more
about Sikhism. “I guess that
could be a reward for this trage-
dy that has happened.”
The worshipers’ deaths reverberated throughout the global Sikh community. On Friday, a memorial service was held at Oak Creek High School in Wisconsin.
Thousands Gather to Mourn Six Shot Dead at Sikh Temple
“As Americans, we are one,” said Gov. Scott Walker, left. The service drew people of a range of faiths, many in head scarves out of respect for the Sikh religion. DARREN HAUCK/GETTY IMAGES
A notion of mistaken identity in
the shooting leads to a troubling
premise. On Religion, Page A12.
tion’s capital is under construc-
Along the National Mall, bull-
dozers and scaffolding have be-
come fixtures beside some of the
most recognizable monuments,
like the Lincoln Memorial, where
construction crews have worked
for two years making extensive
repairs and improvements to the
Reflecting Pool.
Farther down the Mall, the
Washington Monument is also
closed, possibly into 2014, as
crews repair damage from an
earthquake last year.
And the construction is only
beginning. A plan has been ap-
proved for work on an amphithe-
ater near the Washington Monu-
ment, and to remake a pond that
will be frozen into a skating rink
in the winter.
In a town where even a nip or a
tuck can be subject to severe
scrutiny — and some politics,
naturally — the changes are no
small matter. They have been
many years, and dollars, in the
On their own, renovations to
the Reflecting Pool, which began
in earnest in 2010, have run up a
tab of roughly $34 million, paid
for by the American Recovery
and Reinvestment Act. The result
will be a slightly shallower pool,
which will be subtly illuminated
at night, with new walkways
along its perimeter. Crews have
recently begun to test the new
plumbing system, which will
draw and filter water from the
nearby Tidal Basin to fill the pool.
When the pool was built rough-
ly 90 years ago, it did not have a
system to drain or filter the water
— or a solid foundation. Over
time the pool began to sink, and
was leaking roughly half a million
gallons of water per week.
On top of fixing the structural
problems, “managing the people
and the expectations has been as
much of a challenge,” said Dennis
M. Quinn, a National Park Serv-
ice engineer who has worked on
the Reflecting Pool project.
“We’re working in America’s
front yard,” Mr. Quinn said. “It’s
not a standard construction site
hidden behind fences.”
While the pool renovations
were drawn up in advance, repair
plans for the Washington Monu-
ment were not so deliberate, hav-
ing been necessitated by a mag-
nitude 5.8 earthquake last August
that damaged marble blocks on
the interior and exterior of the
monument, especially the top.
Repairs will cost roughly $15
million, the park service esti-
mates, half of which will come
from a private donation. For now,
a sign at the base of the hill lead-
ing to the monument reads,
“Why is the Washington Monu-
ment temporarily closed?” and
answers the question for tourists.
One visitor, Sandra K. Murray,
49, of Milwaukee, saw the sign on
her way to the monument Friday
with her husband and 12-year-old
son. The family changed course
and, per the sign’s recommenda-
tion, decided to take in the view
from atop the Old Post Office, the
city’s third tallest building, in-
Later, Mrs. Murray, who had
not been to Washington since she
was 4 years old, returned to the
base of the Washington Monu-
“It’s still kind of nice to be up
here,” she said, pausing to appre-
ciate the view from outside the
empty plaza, which was blocked
off by a temporary gate and po-
lice tape. After a beat, she added,
“But there’s a lot of construction,
isn’t there?”
Not all tourists have been so
flexible. When asked whether he
receives complaints from the
public, Robert A. Vogel, the su-
perintendent of the National Mall
and Memorial Parks for the Na-
tional Park Service, chuckled.
“Never,” Mr. Vogel said, and
burst out laughing. “I’m kidding,
of course. Yes, we do.”
“I think people as a whole are
understanding that we’re doing
the right thing and moving in the
right direction,” he said. “Cer-
tainly people are inconven-
ienced; it’s people’s trip to Wash-
ington and they might not be
back for a while. To see the Re-
flecting Pool empty and now to
have the Washington Monument
closed to visitors to go to the top
— it’s frustrating.”
Only within the past few years,
due in part to federal stimulus
money, have Congress, the Na-
tional Park Service and other
groups begun to give the Mall a
radical face-lift.
“In the last two years they’ve
really stepped up to the plate in
investing in its restoration, but it
really had not seen any restora-
tion work in about 40 years,” said
Caroline Cunningham, the presi-
dent of the Trust for the National
“The National Mall is really
the face of our country,” she add-
ed. “It represents our heroes, our
history and our hopes, and it real-
ly had fallen into state of disre-
The Park Service is exploring a
new approach to maintaining the
grass on the mall, which is tram-
pled by roughly 25 million people
and 4,000 special events per year.
The first phase of that project will
be completed by the presidential
inauguration in January.
The Trust for the National Mall
has approved plans to redesign
the Sylvan Theater at the Wash-
ington Monument and the Consti-
tution Gardens near the Lincoln
Memorial. The pond in the gar-
dens will be reimagined as a skat-
ing rink in the winter and a venue
for toy boats in the summer.
Meanwhile, the Park Service
plans to reopen the Reflecting
Pool to the public by the end of
the month, with an official re-
opening ceremony in September.
“We’re going to do something
fitting of this great accomplish-
ment at this special place,” Mr.
Vogel said. “I think it’s going to
be better than it ever has been.”
Construction is nearing completion on a $34 million renovation of the National Mall’s Reflecting
Pool, which has been closed since 2010. Crews recently began testing the new plumbing system.
Bulldozers Join Tourists
As Fixtures in Capital Repair and Renovation Along National Mall
Changes are many
years, and dollars, in
the making.
The worshipers bowed low, their
heads touching the freshly laid
carpet, as the new mosque filled
with echoes of exultation.
“God, thank you for the ability
to worship here today,” said Rem-
ziya Suleyman, 27. “Thank you,
thank you.”
After years of threats, attacks
and court action, the Islamic Cen-
ter of Murfreesboro’s new
mosque opened its doors Friday,
allowing 300 people to mark the
occasion on Islam’s day of weekly
public prayer. After the shooting
at a Sikh temple in Wisconsin on
Sunday and an arson attack on a
mosque in Missouri on Monday,
the opening went off without the
protests or violence that some
had feared.
Muslims from across Tennes-
see gathered at the 12,000-
square-foot center to begin the fi-
nal week of Ramadan. The con-
gregation’s former building was
so small that members often
spilled into the parking lot and
car-pooled to save parking
spaces. Here, they fit comfort-
“We’re all humbly enjoying the
right to worship, an American
tradition that a small minority
tried to eliminate out of igno-
rance and misunderstanding,”
said Nihad Awad, the executive
director of the Council on Ameri-
can-Islamic Relations, who flew
here from Washington. For two years, the opposition
in this city of 110,000 about 30
miles southeast of Nashville has
been small but vocal. In 2010,
vandals painted “not welcome”
on construction signs at the
mosque and set fire to construc-
tion equipment. A Texas man was
indicted in June on charges that
he left messages threatening to
detonate a bomb at the center on
Sept. 11. In May, a county judge ruled
that the construction plans had
not received sufficient comment
from the public and that an occu-
pancy permit could not be grant-
ed. Federal prosecutors filed a
discrimination lawsuit, and a fed-
eral judge ruled in the mosque’s
favor last month.
Only one opponent of the
mosque came to voice his con-
cerns at the opening. Dan J.
Qualls, 50, a former auto plant
worker, wearing an “I Love Je-
sus” hat and a Ten Command-
ments shirt, said he understood
that the First Amendment pro-
tected the right to worship freely
but said he believed Islam repre-
sented violence. When he heard
about the mosque’s opening on
the local TV news, he decided to
come out and “represent the
Christians.” “My honest opinion is, I wish
this wasn’t here,” he said.
The mosque prayer hall forms
just one part of the center, which
will eventually be expanded to
more than 50,000 square feet to
include a gym, a swimming pool
and other facilities, said Saleh
Sbenaty, a board member. The
prayer hall itself, about 4,500
square feet, can hold up to 500
people, but has a movable wall to
divide the area to allow for other
uses, like interfaith events with
churches, synagogues and other
religious groups. The center is in a quiet, subur-
ban neighborhood, beside a Bap-
tist church. On Friday, workers
hoisted an American flag up a
Many in Murfreesboro have
embraced the congregation’s
right to worship freely. “That reli-
gious organization has been
treated just exactly as we treat
any other religious group,” said
Ernest Burgess, the mayor of
Rutherford County. “It has been a
difficult struggle through the le-
gal process. But we treated these
people fairly, as they deserved.”
Mr. Sbenaty said the center
will hold an official, full-scale
opening in several weeks after a
permanent certificate of occu-
pancy is issued, but on Friday the
prayer hall was opened for the
weekly Friday worship, known as
jumaa. He estimated there were
about 250 to 300 Muslim families
in the area who would likely be
regularly served by the center.
Mr. Sbenaty said the center’s
members were “very concerned”
about safety after the Sikh tem-
ple shooting near Milwaukee and
the fire at the mosque in Joplin,
Mo., and had hired a private se-
curity team. “Even before those
incidents, we were the subject of
vandalism, intimidation, arson
and bomb threats,” he said. “We
are not new to this. But we are
not going to be deterred. We are
not going to give up our rights
just because somebody is going
to threaten us.”
Joe Brandon Jr., a lawyer rep-
resenting several Murfreesboro
residents who sued to block the
mosque, could not be reached.
Robbie Brown reported from
Murfreesboro, and Christine
Ulla Attot, left, and Huda Alkyhami with their children at the Islamic Center of Murfreesboro.
After Struggle, Tennessee Mosque Opens
BOSTON — Mitt Romney’s
biggest challenge at the moment
is not President Obama. It’s him-
A bruising summertime cam-
paign by Democrats to tarnish
and define Mr. Romney before he
could fully introduce himself has
contributed to a significant em-
pathy gap with Mr. Obama. It is a
rising concern among Romney
campaign advisers, who are fe-
verishly working to find ways to
persuade voters that even though
Mr. Romney is not like them, he
can still relate to their lives.
The next three weeks provide a
critical opportunity for Mr. Rom-
ney to strengthen his connection
with voters. The selection of a
running mate, which aides said
he would announce Saturday,
along with a Republican conven-
tion highlighting his family and a
new wave of television ads are
designed to urge voters to take a
fresh look at Mr. Romney, who is
still routinely seen as less likable
than the president.
Of all the statistics that Mr.
Romney’s aides pore over at the
campaign headquarters here, one
consistently worrisome finding is
Mr. Obama’s deeper personal ap-
peal to voters. The deficit for Mr.
Romney is not sugarcoated by
his strategists, who bluntly ac-
knowledge on Page 8 of their Au-
gust political update to donors
and supporters: “Voters believe
Obama is more relatable.”
Three months before Election
Day, Mr. Romney is routinely
matching — or outshining — the
president when voters are asked
who is more likely to help im-
prove the nation’s economy. He
also holds a wide advantage on
which candidate would best con-
front the budget deficit. Yet the personal dimension of
the race has been a stubborn hur-
dle for Mr. Romney, aides said, a
point of frustration accentuated
by relentless questions raised by
the Obama campaign about Mr.
Romney’s tax returns, wealth
and overall character traits. It is
complicated by the often awk-
ward campaign style of Mr. Rom-
ney, whose own supporters ac-
knowledge that he is hardly a
natural politician.
The contest between Mr. Oba-
ma and Mr. Romney will test the
axiom of whether the candidate
who is seen as the most likable
will win. The Romney campaign
is not focused so much on trying
to get all voters to relate to Mr.
Romney, but rather to show that
Mr. Romney can relate to voters.
“Likability plays less of a role
in an election like this where you
have a single issue that dom-
inates the national agenda,” said
Neil Newhouse, Mr. Romney’s
pollster. “Likability doesn’t solve
the economy or put more middle-
class Americans back to work.”
As Mr. Romney opens a four-
state bus tour on Saturday in Vir-
ginia, a chief goal is trying to
strengthen his relationship with
voters. It will be his most exten-
sive burst of retail politicking in
more than a month, which comes
as leading conservative voices
worry that Mr. Romney has
squandered an opportunity this
summer against Mr. Obama.
The conservative radio host
Laura Ingraham aired her frus-
tration on Friday, saying, “Mitt
Romney cannot at this point be
convincing himself that he’s win-
ning.” She argued on her show
that Mr. Romney has spent more
time raising money than pushing
back against Democratic attacks
about his background.
The headline of an essay by the
conservative columnist Matthew
Continetti in The Washington
Free Beacon declared: “The Kill-
ing: The battle to define Mitt
Romney is over — and Romney
For his part, Mr. Romney ig-
nored the criticism on Friday as
he flew to Norfolk, Va., saying, “A
lot of campaign work is raising
money, which has its own re-
wards obviously, but campaign-
ing is the most fun, the most en-
joyable and rewarding.”
With a strong majority of
Americans saying the country is
on the wrong track, and a na-
tional unemployment rate of 8.3
percent, strategists in both cam-
paigns believe the presidential
race is nearly deadlocked in most
battleground states. But several
Republican officials say there is
time for Mr. Romney to take con-
trol of the race and provide more
details about his plans to turn the
economy around and create jobs.
“He needs to have face time
with voters and a more intimate
setting so people can get the
measure of the man,” said Gov.
Bob McDonnell of Virginia, who
will campaign on Saturday with
Mr. Romney. “It certainly is a
plus if people like you. Then
they’ll trust you on the issues.”
Several national polls released
this week suggest that Mr. Oba-
ma is emerging from the summer
in better shape than Mr. Romney.
But a financial advantage that
the president’s campaign en-
joyed in television advertising
spending for most of the summer
will end this month when Mr.
Romney is able to start spending
his general election money.
Trying to narrow the empathy
gap, which is even more pro-
nounced among female voters, is
a central goal of Mr. Romney’s
strategy for the Republican con-
vention, which opens Aug. 27 in
Tampa, Fla. A series of swing
state polls from Quinnipiac Uni-
versity/New York Times/CBS
News found that Mr. Romney fell
short when voters were asked
which candidate cared more
about their needs and problems.
“Romney gives the impression
that he is totally disconnected
from normal people,” said Harry
Kroll, 68, a software consultant
and independent voter from
Rhinelander, Wis., who spoke in a
follow-up interview from the poll.
“Just the way he talks, the
phrases he uses, are not what
normal people use.”
The take-away among Mr.
Romney’s advisers is that a ma-
jority of voters believe Mr. Rom-
ney will do a better job rebuilding
the economy, but they are unsure
whether he will fix it for them or
only for wealthier Americans. In
short: If many voters are ready
to fire Mr. Obama, they are not
yet sold on whether Mr. Romney
deserves to be hired.
Alex Castellanos, the Repub-
lican advertising strategist who
worked on Mr. Romney’s presi-
dential campaign in 2008, said
questions of likability may be
overstated in an election dom-
inated by economic concerns.
“When your house is on fire,
you don’t really care if your fire-
man is that likable or not. You do
care if he is useful or not,” Mr.
Castellanos said. “You are more
likable if you show that you can
solve the problem. Mitt Romney
hasn’t yet done that.”
New Focus for Romney on Connecting and Closing the Empathy Gap
Mr. Romney working the rope line in Colorado. The personal
dimension, and the “likability” factor, remain a hurdle.
Mitt Romney’s campaign on
Friday sought to take advantage
of a backlash against negative
campaigning by President Oba-
ma’s allies, even as it tried to
deny what new polls suggest —
that the full-throated assault on
Mr. Romney’s character may be
Top advisers to Mr. Romney’s
campaign spent a third day lash-
ing out at an ad from Priorities
USA Action, a pro-Obama “super
PAC,” in which a steelworker tells
how he and his cancer-stricken
wife lost their health insurance
when Mr. Romney’s private equi-
ty firm closed his plant. The
worker all but blames Mr. Rom-
ney for his wife’s death, even
though he lost his job years be-
fore her cancer was diagnosed.
“I don’t think a world cham-
pion limbo dancer could get any
lower than the Obama campaign
right now,” said Eric Fehrnstrom,
a senior adviser to Mr. Romney.
“When you start running ads ac-
cusing your opponent of killing
people, then you have lost your
His comments followed a tor-
rent of criticism, including an edi-
torial in The Chicago Tribune that
called it a “vicious, shameful ad.”
In an effort to capitalize on that
criticism, the Romney campaign
quickly released a new television
ad of its own asking: “What does
it say about a president’s charac-
ter when his campaign tries to
use the tragedy of a woman’s
death for political gain?” But even as the Priorities USA
ad — which has not yet appeared
on a television screen — picked
up steam on the Internet, Mr.
Romney’s campaign scrambled
to play down the results of new
national polls that showed Mr.
Obama’s lead widening, in one
case to nearly double digits.
In a national Fox News poll
conducted Sunday through Tues-
day, Mr. Obama led Mr. Romney
by nine percentage points, 49 to
40. A CNN/ORC poll conducted
Tuesday and Wednesday found
Mr. Obama with an advantage, 52
percent to 45 percent, a seven-
point difference, which is within
the poll’s margin of error of plus
or minus four points.
Both polls showed Mr. Rom-
ney’s favorability has been pum-
meled, especially among inde-
pendent voters. Advisers to Mr. Romney dis-
missed the results in a briefing
with reporters at the campaign’s
Boston headquarters. But they
conceded that they could not ex-
plain what they called a “huge
shift” in the numbers.
“Guys, it’s the middle of the
summer. It’s the doldrums,” said
a senior adviser to Mr. Romney’s
campaign, who asked not to be
identified. “It’s the middle of the
Olympics. There has not been
any national news, anything that
would push these numbers from
minus three to minus nine
In fact, the last several weeks
has been dominated by increas-
ingly acerbic television commer-
cials by Mr. Obama, Mr. Romney
and their supporters. The back
and forth over the Priorities ad
highlights the opportunities and
the dangers of the intensely neg-
ative campaign.
Advisers to Mr. Obama’s cam-
paign have repeatedly pointed
out that they are prohibited by
law from having any contact with
Priorities USA Action and its
founders, Bill Burton and Sean
Sweeney, who both worked in the
White House before starting the
On Friday, Jay Carney, the
White House press secretary, de-
flected questions about the Prior-
ities ad. “We do not control third-
party ads,” Mr. Carney said, re-
ferring all questions about the ad
to Mr. Obama’s Chicago-based
And Mr. Carney and others
tried to shift the focus by com-
plaining about the Romney cam-
paign’s recent ad accusing the
president of gutting welfare re-
form, a charge that has drawn
wide criticism for being false. Lis Smith, a spokeswoman for
the Obama campaign, accused
Mr. Fehrnstrom of “faux out-
rage” and said Mr. Romney has
been the one leveling false at-
tacks. “His campaign has questioned
whether the president under-
stands what it is to be American,
attacked his patriotism,” Ms.
Smith said. “When the Romney
campaign finally reaches the
high ground, we look forward to
greeting them there.” Advisers to Mr. Romney drew
a distinction between the two
campaigns, insisting that the
president’s attacks — and those
from his allies — have been more
personal. They predicted that Mr.
Obama’s once-successful brand
of “hope and change” will suffer
because of the attacks.
“They are accusing him of cul-
pability in the death of a woman,”
Mr. Fehrnstrom said. “These at-
tacks are so outrageous and over
the top that it has squandered
one of the most vital attributes
that Obama had, which is he was
a different kind of politician, who
was going to change the state of
our politics. He has changed it,
but he’s changed it for the
But Mr. Burton said his group’s
ad will eventually run on televi-
sion and has already become a
hit on the Web, especially in bat-
tleground states like Florida,
Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia.
“When people actually watch
the ad, and don’t just listen to the
cable chatter, they understand
exactly the point,” Mr. Burton
Campaign Steps Up Its Attacks on Negative Ads by a Pro-Obama ‘Super PAC’
Mitt Romney’s campaign criticizes the president in a new ad.
An ad from a pro-Obama “super PAC” drew wide criticism.
Michael Barbaro contributed re-
ernor of Minnesota, was set to
campaign for Mr. Romney in
New Hampshire on Saturday. A
Republican close to Mr. Pawlenty
said that he had been informed
that he had not been chosen by
Mr. Romney;Mr. Pawlenty
would continue with his schedule
and not be in Virginia for the
vice-presidential announcement,
the Republican said.
Senator Rob Portman of Ohio
has also been vetted by the Rom-
ney campaign and has been con-
sidered a top prospect. An associ-
ate close to Mr. Portman said ear-
ly Saturday that he was still
scheduled to attend a cancer re-
search bike ride in Ohio and was
not expected to be on hand in Vir-
Three senior Republicans said
that the location of the announce-
ment at the USS Wisconsin on
Saturday was a clever hint by the
Romney campaign that Mr.
Ryan, the chairman of the Budget
Committee, has emerged as the
leading contender for the posi-
Two top advisers to Mr. Rom-
ney declined to provide more de-
tails late Friday, saying that Mr.
Romney valued the secretive
process that has been carried out
throughout the four-month
search for a running mate. Mr.
Romney and his choice are
scheduled to travel to North Car-
olina, Florida and Ohio in the
coming days on an introduction
tour leading up to the Republican
convention at the end of the
month in Florida. For months, Mr. Romney and a
close-knit group of advisers have
quietly vetted potential candi-
dates, scouting their records, per-
sonal lives and public appear-
ances in a process that has pro-
duced remarkably few unwanted
leaks, even at this late date. Aides to Mr. Romney had long
promised that they sought to
cleverly divert attention from the
timing of their vice-presidential
announcement — and they did
just that on Friday. The day be-
gan with a briefing at the cam-
paign’s headquarters in Boston,
during which the adviser in
charge of the search process,
Beth Myers, told reporters that
she was looking forward to drop-
ping her daughter off at graduate
school this weekend. On Mr.
Romney’s plane Friday after-
noon, which was repeatedly de-
layed by thunderstorms, he ap-
peared relaxed and playful in
jeans, holding court in the center
aisle with aides. But there were a
few telling signs: many of Mr.
Romney’s most senior advisers,
who rarely travel together, joined
him on the ride to Virginia from
Boston, for example.
Should Mr. Romney choose Mr.
Ryan, one of the leading figures
of the fiscal conservative move-
ment, the pair would present a
Republican ticket that offers a
sharp distinction for voters to de-
cide which party has the better
answer to tackle the country’s
deep financial burdens.
Mr. Ryan, 42, is a rising star in
the Republican Party and a favor-
ite among conservative activists
who view him as deeply commit-
ted to their fiscal principles.
But Mr. Ryan, a member of
Congress since 1999, is also a
lightning rod for Democrats who
view him as the driving force be-
hind Republican efforts to sharp-
ly cut social spending and enti-
tlement programs.
He emerged with those dueling
reputations over the last several
years, and became a more public
symbol soon after Republicans
seized control of the House of
Representatives in the 2010 mid-
term elections.
As chairman of the House
Budget Committee, he pushed his
colleagues to boldly stake out an
uncompromising position on
budget matters, sometimes mak-
ing his colleagues uncomfortable
about the political dangers of his
Those dangers were voiced by
former House Speaker Newt
Gingrich last year, who called
Ryan’s budget plan “right-wing
social engineering” during an in-
terview. He was quickly and
roundly scolded by his Repub-
lican colleagues.
Mr. Ryan has emerged as one
of the Republican Party’s ideo-
logical leaders, a fiscal conserva-
tive intent on not repeating what
he believes were deep spending
mistakes during the George W.
Bush administration. The Ryan
alternative to the Obama admin-
istration’s budget — once seen by
many Republicans as too politi-
cally fraught, with its blunt talk
on Medicare and Social Security
— has become the core of the Re-
publican Party’s fiscal plan. He was a central pillar in win-
ning the Congressional majority
in 2010,persuaded his party to
embrace a “Roadmap for Ameri-
ca’s Future,” and promoted him-
self as one of the party’s new
leaders who called themselves
the Young Guns. He has recom-
mended making significant
changes to Medicare, the popular
health insurance for older Ameri-
cans, and Medicaid, which pro-
vides health coverage for the
poor, and privatizing Social Secu-
rity. The ideas initially made him all
but radioactive, even among Re-
publican leaders, but he steadily
built support for his plan among
conservative commentators and
the party’s leaders and eventu-
ally persuaded his colleagues in
Congress, as well as the party’s
presidential candidates, to join
himlast year.
Romney to Announce
Choice of Running Mate
This Morning in Virginia
From Page A1
Representative Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin campaigned with Mitt Romney in April at a sandwich shop in Waukesha, Wis.
Jeff Zeleny reported from Wash-
ington, and Michael Barbaro
from Norfolk, Va.Michael D.
Shear contributed reporting from
are needed.
So far, 31 of the more than 1,200
people in New Hampshire who
were patients in the cardiac cath-
eterization lab have tested posi-
tive for Mr. Kwiatkowski’s same
strain of hepatitis C. (About 14
others also tested positive, but
they had a different strain.) The
state health department on Fri-
day began testing the first batch
of 3,300 more people who had
been patients in other parts of the
hospital where Mr. Kwiatkowski
had also worked.
State health officials said they
would not discuss how many peo-
ple tested positive on Friday be-
cause they would not know for at
least a week if those people were
carrying the same strain as Mr.
Kwiatkowski and would be con-
sidered part of the outbreak.
About 1.5 percent of the popula-
tion has hepatitis C, although
they might not know it, said Dr.
Jodie Dionne-Odom, the deputy
state epidemiologist. The last big outbreak of hepati-
tis C occurred in Texas two dec-
ades ago, when a surgical tech-
nician infected about 40 patients,
according to the Centers for Dis-
ease Control and Prevention.
Mr. Kwiatkowski is being held
in the county jail in Strafford,
N.H., on two federal charges —
tampering with a consumer prod-
uct and stealing drugs, primarily
fentanyl, a powerful anesthetic
that is about 80 times more po-
tent than morphine.
Mr. Kacavas, the United States
attorney, had expected to seek an
indictment against Mr. Kwiat-
kowski this month but because of
the complexity of the case he
postponed any action until early
October. Mr. Kwiatkowski has said he is
“not a shooter,” according to an
affidavit filed last month in fed-
eral court by an F.B.I. investiga-
tor. Mr. Kwiatkowski has also
said that he contracted hepatitis
C only recently. His public de-
fender, Bjorn Lange, declined to
The affidavit said there were
indications while Mr. Kwiatkow-
ski was working at Exeter that he
may have been abusing drugs.
Hospital employees told investi-
gators that he had “fresh track
marks” on his arms and that he
sometimes sweated profusely,
vomited, appeared shaky, had
bloodshot eyes and a red face and
once had “white foam around his
mouth.” They said he frequently
showed up at procedures to
which he had not been assigned.
His parents, who live in Michi-
gan, told authorities last month
that he had Crohn’s disease and
was taking several medications.
While they were not aware that
he might be abusing drugs, they
said he did have “issues with al-
cohol, anger and depression.”
Mr. Kacavas said: “He was an
itinerant medical technician with
a virulent drug problem. How
functional he was, I have no idea.
But given the number of drug di-
version cases of which we are
aware, there are functional drug
addicts out there.”
In response to the F.B.I. affida-
vit, the hospital said it had “no re-
port that any employee suspect-
ed him of diverting medication
from the hospital.” Dr. Thomas
Wharton, medical director of Ex-
eter’s cardiac catheterization lab,
said in a statement that Mr.
Kwiatkowski was “the ultimate
con artist and an extremely good
cardiac technologist who pulled
the wool over everyone’s eyes.”
Mr. Kwiatkowski had been
fired at least twice. In 2008, after
47 days on the job at UPMC Pres-
byterian in Pittsburgh, he was
found inside an operating room
where he had not been assigned.
In 2010, after 11 days at Arizona
Heart Hospital in Phoenix, he
was found passed out in a bath-
room with syringes and needles. In both cases, there was lim-
ited reporting of the incidents, in-
cluding to the American Registry
of Radiologic Technologists, a pri-
vate professional group. The
group suspended Mr. Kwiatkow-
ski last month, but only after he
was arrested, telling CNN that it
took no action earlier because it
had no firsthand evidence
against him.
Exeter officials have said they
were “saddened” that the hospi-
tals did not report Mr. Kwiatkow-
ski’s past behavior to law en-
forcement officials.
“This inaction,” the hospital
said in a statement on its Web
site, “allegedly resulted in Kwiat-
kowski being able to secure em-
ployment in other hospitals
around the country, including Ex-
eter Hospital, resulting in this
hepatitis C outbreak that has
touched thousands of individuals
across the New Hampshire sea-
coast and beyond.”
Report Looks at Hospital
In Outbreak of Hepatitis C
Warner Robins
A Worker’s Trail
Source: Patients Speak, an advocacy group for the hepatitis C patients
Oakwood Annapolis Hospital, Wayne, Mich.
St. Francis Hospital, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh (fired)
Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Southern Maryland Hospital, Clinton, Md.
Maryvale Hospital, Phoenix
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore
Maryland General Hospital, Baltimore
Arizona Heart Hospital, Phoenix (fired)
Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia
Hays Medical Center, Hays, Kan.
Houston Medical Center, Warner Robins, Ga.
Exeter Hospital, Exeter, N.H.
Jan. to Sept.
Nov. to Feb. ’08
March to May
May to Nov.
Dec. to Feb. ’09
March to June
July to Jan. ’10
Jan. to March
March to April
May to Sept. Oct. to March ’11
April to July ’12
David Kwiatkowski, a lab technician suspected of spreading hepatitis C, has worked in 13 hospitals across eight states since 2007.
Thousands are tested
amid a wide inquiry
to find out when a
worker was infected.
Handouts were put on a panelist’s table at a public meeting on
Tuesday about the hepatitis C outbreak at Exeter Hospital.
From Page A8
FOND DU LAC, Wis. — Vis-
iting a scrap-metal company
here, Tommy G. Thompson did
not wait for introductions from
company guides. He climbed un-
invited onto heavy machinery to
clutch drivers’ hands. He stepped
past an “employees only” sign
into an office where he called out,
“How’s it going?” to a worker on
the phone. He squeezed himself
into a closet-size break room,
startling three employees be-
tween bites of hamburgers.
There is a reason Mr. Thomp-
son, who wants to become a Unit-
ed States senator, is hunting so
hard for voters. Mr. Thompson,
elected governor of Wisconsin
four times, the Health and Hu-
man Services secretary under
President George W. Bush, and
once seen as the dominant politi-
cal voice in this state, faces a seri-
ous challenge for the Republican
nomination — a spot that once
seemed nearly certain to be his. A poll released this week from
Marquette Law School shows Mr.
Thompson ahead, but a large
chunk of voters still undecided. At 70, Mr. Thompson, who was
first elected to the state Assem-
bly in 1966 and last elected gover-
nor in 1998, finds himself in a
state where the political land-
scape has become polarized, and
in a broader national political uni-
verse that is also vastly changed. He is facing the same sort of
criticism that has undone estab-
lishment Republican candidates
this year in states like Texas, Ne-
braska and Indiana. Among the
claims hurled against Mr.
Thompson by critics, not to men-
tion by a flood of advertising
from outside groups: He is a ca-
reer politician who went on to
work for a Washington law and
lobbying firm (though not, he
says, as a lobbyist), a leader from
an era that has come and gone,
and a relative moderate in an era
of pure conservatism.
“I will put my conservative
bona fides against anybody,” Mr.
Thompson said in an interview,
pounding his fist on a nearby ta-
ble from time to time. “I’m the
only one in America that’s ever
got rid of an entitlement pro-
gram,” he went on, referring to
his pioneering efforts in this state
to limit welfare. “I started the
conservative movement and you
say, ‘Am I conservative
Still, Mr. Thompson’s oppo-
nents have tried to line up to the
right of him — all three of them.
In a single race, they seemingly
reflect virtually every current
genre of political challenger. Eric
Hovde is a hedge fund manager
who has poured millions of his
own money into the race and
whose appeal is his lack of politi-
cal experience. Mark Neumann,
a former congressman and a fa-
vorite among some of Wiscon-
sin’s most conservative voters,
has been buoyed by support from
Senator Jim DeMint of South
Carolina. And Jeff Fitzgerald, the
Wisconsin Assembly speaker,
has run, in essence, on his back-
ing of Gov. Scott Walker’s agen-
da, including cuts to collective
bargaining for most public work-
ers, moves that have set off a par-
tisan war in Wisconsin since 2010. In truth, voters took little no-
tice of this race until recently, and
along the streets of cities like
Green Bay, some residents said
they still were uncertain who was
running even as Tuesday’s pri-
mary election approached. Be-
tween recall efforts against Gov-
ernor Walker and against state
senators in both parties, Wiscon-
sin has been in near-constant
campaign mode for a year — a
fact, voters said, that was leaving
them weary now, even in a presi-
dential election year when Wis-
consin is viewed as in play, even
in a year when control of the Sen-
ate could depend on this seat. The Senate seat was left open
by Herb Kohl, a Democrat who is
retiring. Whoever wins the Re-
publican primary will face Tam-
my Baldwin, a member of the
House of Representatives and a
Democrat, who could become the
first openly gay senator.
In the Republican primary, the
diversity of the Tea Party move-
ment is in full view. Not everyone
agrees on who the authentic Tea
Party candidate is, adding com-
plication to that group’s role in
the race and, perhaps, aiding Mr.
Thompson by dividing voters.
Mr. Hovde, 48, who moved
back to Madison in 2011 after liv-
ing much of his adult life in Wash-
ington, has won the support of
FreedomWorks, a Washington
group that has helped build Tea
Party efforts. His supporters
often liken him to Ron Johnson,
another political novice and busi-
nessman who won a Senate seat
here in 2010. But Mr. Neumann,
58, has won help from the Tea
Party Express and the Club for
In the Marquette Law School
poll, conducted Aug. 2 through
Aug. 5 among 519 likely primary
voters, Mr. Thompson was lead-
ing with 28 percent compared to
Mr. Hovde with 20 percent, Mr.
Neumann with 18 percent and
Mr. Fitzgerald with 13 percent.
The poll, which showed the race
tightening in the past month, also
said 21 percent of those surveyed
were still undecided. The fighting here has grown
fierce and bitter, packed with
bickering and endless advertise-
ments and the lobbing of out-
raged news releases back and
forth. So far, Governor Walker,
who survived the recall effort
against him in June, has not en-
dorsed anyone in the primary,
but he has said he could serve as
something of a referee in the in-
creasingly tense race. “As a private-sector business-
person, it never ceases to amaze
me how petty, disingenuous and
childish this whole political pro-
cess is,” Mr. Hovde said in an in-
terview, arguing that the political
fight ought not to eclipse the larg-
est issue in this race: the nation’s
financial crisis. “The simple fact
is we’re going to economically
collapse in about two to three to
four years if we don’t change.”
For now, though, much of the
conversation is about Mr.
Thompson, who ran a short-lived
campaign for president in the last
cycle, and whether his brand of
politics has a place in 2012. Among the loudest assertions
against him: That he had favored
President Obama’s health care
law, as evidenced, his critics say,
by a statement he made in 2009,
along with Richard A. Gephardt,
a former Democratic leader in
the House. “The bill before the Senate this
week isn’t and shouldn’t be the fi-
nal answer, but the status quo is
simply unacceptable,” the state-
ment from the two men said. “It
is time to set aside political differ-
ences, come together and remind
the nation that a civil dialogue
based on consensus principles,
one that continues to move the
process forward, is the ultimate
pathway to achieving the mean-
ingful and common-sense solu-
tion that Americans want and de-
serve.” Last week, Mr. Thompson said
the notion that he favors the
health care law that was ulti-
mately approved is “just abso-
lutely insane,” adding, that “the
Obamacare Affordable Care Act
is wrongheaded, too much reg-
ulation, too much taxes and it
does not work.”
That said, he is not opposed, in
principle, to the notion of work-
ing across party lines.
“I’m the only one that can win
here,” Mr. Thompson said. “I will
attract the conservatives. I will
attract the Tea Party individuals.
I will attract the independents
and I will attract the Reagan
Democrats — the coalitions that
I’ve always been able to put to-
Wisconsin’s 4-Way G.O.P. Primary Spotlights a Changed Political Scene Eric Hovde is a hedge fund manager and a political novice. PHOTOGRAPHS BY DARREN HAUCK FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Tommy G. Thompson, center, is well known in Wisconsin.
Mark Neumann is a favorite among more conservative voters.
Jeff Fitzgerald, the Assembly speaker, is in the primary race too.
A former governor
faces some tough
opposition in a battle
for conservatives.
During the 2008 presidential
campaign, rumors proliferated
that Barack Obama was a Mus-
lim who had been indoctrinated
into militant Islam during child-
hood studies in a
madrassa. The
fact that the
Democratic can-
didate had been a
prominent and
visible member of
a Protestant church in Chicago
for years somehow mattered not
at all. The Obama campaign even
created a Web site wholly de-
voted to answering conspiracy
theories and smears.
Ultimately, though, it took a
Republican in the form of Colin L.
Powell to speak truth to fantasy.
“He is not a Muslim, he’s a Chris-
tian. He’s always been a Chris-
tian,” the retired general and for-
mer cabinet secretary said on
“Meet the Press.” “But the really
right answer is, What if he is? Is
there something wrong with be-
ing a Muslim in this country? The
answer is no, that’s not America.”
Mr. Powell’s words echo now in
the aftermath of last weekend’s
massacre of six worshipers at a
Sikh temple near Milwaukee. The
narrative that has emerged in
both media coverage and public
discourse since then has been
one of religious mistaken identity.
It presumes that the killer, identi-
fied as a white supremacist
named Wade M. Page, may have
shot the Sikhs because he igno-
rantly believed they were Mus-
Such a story line is accurate as
far as it goes. Hundreds of times
since the terrorist attacks on
Sept. 11, 2001, Sikhs have been the
victims of bias crimes. The per-
petrators have invariably as-
sumed that because Sikh men
wear turbans and have beards
they are Muslims, even specifi-
cally Taliban. How terrible it is
that it has taken the slayings in
Wisconsin to serve as a national
teachable moment about the the-
ology and practices of the Sikh
Yet the mistaken-identity nar-
rative carries with it an unspo-
ken, even unexamined premise.
It implies that somehow the pub-
lic would have — even should
have — reacted differently had
Mr. Page turned his gun on Mus-
lims attending a mosque. It sug-
gests that such a crime would be
more explicable, more easily ra-
tionalized, less worthy of moral
“Islamophobia has become so
mainstream in this country that
Americans have been trained to
expect violence against Muslims
— not excuse it, but expect it,”
said Reza Aslan, an Iranian-
American writer and scholar on
religion. “And that’s happened
because you have an Islamopho-
bia industry in this country de-
voted to making Americans think
there’s an enemy within.”
As a Sikh, Vishavjit Singh has
found himself wrestling with the
subject these past few days. “If
this had happened at a mosque,
would our reaction be different?”
asked Mr. Singh, a software engi-
neer in suburban New York who
also publishes political cartoons
online at “I hope
not, but the answer might be yes.
You’d have the same amount of
coverage, but you might have
more voices saying, ‘Well, you
know, it’s understandable, we’re
at war, we’ve been at war.’ That’s
an unfortunate commentary on
our society today.”
The paradox is that bias crimes
against Muslims are growing a
decade after the Sept. 11 attacks.
The number of such instances, as
tallied by the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, had been falling
steadily from nearly 500 in 2001 to
107 in 2009. Then, in 2010, the
most recent year for which the
F.B.I. has data, the number leapt
by 50 percent, to 160.
That spike does not look like ei-
ther a mathematical or historical
accident. During 2010, contro-
versy erupted about the pro-
posed “ground zero mosque,”
which was actually a community
center several blocks away.
Prompted by several actual or at-
tempted acts of terrorism by
American Muslims, Representa-
tive Peter T. King began prepar-
ing for hearings in the spring of
2011 on supposedly widespread
subversion among millions of
American Muslims — an exercise
in suspicion, if not guilt, by asso-
While those public pageants
have largely subsided, there re-
main well-endowed groups like
Jihad Watch, ACT for America
and Stop Islamization of Amer-
ica. Several states have passed
statutes outlawing the applica-
tion of Shariah, and thus lending
credence to the canard that
American Muslims seek to im-
pose their religious law. Repre-
sentative Michele Bachmann, a
former candidate for the Republi-
can presidential nomination, re-
cently accused a Muslim aide to
Secretary of State Hillary Rod-
ham Clinton of having ties to the
Muslim Brotherhood.
Such talk adds up to what John
Shuford, the director of the Insti-
tute for Hate Studies at Gonzaga
University in Spokane, Wash.,
calls “enmification” — the pro-
cess of turning a particular group
into an enemy. Now that Ameri-
can Muslims have been enmified,
violence against them is under-
stood in a mitigated, mediated
“Rationalization (or the capa-
bility of being rationalized) is a
good way of putting it,” Professor
Shuford wrote in an e-mail mes-
sage. “Not in the sense of rational
behavior or excusability, but in
the sense of being understand-
able, in the way that sometimes
leaps in logic, mistaken or misin-
formed beliefs, outright igno-
rance and prejudice, and influen-
tial social narratives can be quite
intelligible even to those who do
not view the world in the same
Just one day after the shoot-
ings near Milwaukee, a mosque
in Joplin, Mo., was burned down.
Several weeks earlier, it had also
been set afire. This latest episode
was covered mostly by the local
news media and The Associated
Press, with a few larger organiza-
tions picking up the wire-service
Certainly, an apparent bias
crime against property, heinous
as that is, does not compare in
journalism’s calculus to the big-
oted murder of six people. But it
is at least worth pondering
whether the Joplin arson also set
off a kind of internal well-you-
must-understand response.
“If it were a church or a syna-
gogue that had been burned
down twice, we’d be shocked by
it,” Mr. Aslan said. “The narra-
tive about the mosque burning
has a sense of expectation to it.”
The problem with enmification,
though, is that it knows few
bounds. What started with the
hatred of Muslims has repeatedly
swept up Sikhs (and also, in some
cases, Latinos) in its vortex.
“For the Sikh community, it
doesn’t matter that it was mistak-
en for being Muslim,” said Eric
Ward, an expert in hate crimes
who was formerly with an inter-
faith coalition called the Center
for New Community. “What mat-
ters is that individuals should not
be targeted for their faith.”
If the Sikh Temple Had Been a Mosque
“Is there something wrong with being a Muslim in this coun-
try?” Colin L. Powell wondered aloud in 2008.
A mosque in Joplin, Mo., was burned down a day after the
shootings in Wisconsin, the second fire there in recent weeks.
E-mail: SAMUEL G.
RELIGION A notion of mistaken
identity leads to a
troubling premise. spend more on nuclear arms than
on the departments of education,
health, transportation, disaster
relief and a number of other gov-
ernment agencies that I can’t re-
Federal prosecutors, needless
to say, take a different view.
“This is a matter of national secu-
rity,” William C. Killian, a United
States attorney, told reporters
outside a Knoxville courtroom.
“It is a significant case.”
Sister Rice is no geopolitical
strategist. But her bold acts and
articulate fervor highlight how
the antinuclear movement has
evolved since the end of the cold
war. They also illustrate the
fierce independence of Catholic
nuns, who met this week in St.
Louis to decide how to respond to
a Vatican appraisal that cast
them as rebellious dissenters.
“We’re free as larks,” Sister
Rice said of herself and her older
religious friends. “We have no re-
sponsibilities — no children, no
grandchildren, no jobs.”
“So the lot fell on us,” she said
of fighting nuclear arms. “We can
do it. But we all do share the re-
sponsibility equally.”
Megan Gillespie Rice was born
in Manhattan on Jan. 31, 1930, the
youngest of three girls in a Catho-
lic family. Her father was an ob-
stetrician who taught at New
York University and treated pa-
tients at Bellevue Hospital. Her
mother received a doctorate from
Columbia University in history,
writing her dissertation on Cath-
olic views about slavery.
In the oral history, by the Uni-
versity of Nevada, Sister Rice
portrayed her mother as strongly
in favor of interracial marriage.
“I just can’t wait,” she quoted her
mother as saying, “until every-
body in the world is tan!”
Sister Rice went to Catholic
schools in Manhattan, became a
nun at 18 and received degrees in
biology from Villanova and Bos-
ton College, where her studies in-
cluded class work at Harvard
Medical School on how to use ra-
dioactive tracers. From 1962 to
2004, with occasional breaks, she
served her order as a school-
teacher in Nigeria and Ghana.
“We slept in a classroom — no
electricity, no water,” she said of
her early days in rural Africa.
While visiting Manhattan in
the early 1980s, she joined in anti-
nuclear protests. She began vis-
iting the Nevada test site for
demonstrations and prayer vig-
ils. Her mother accompanied her
at times.
Around 1990, Sister Rice and
other nuns set out on foot in the
desert toward the site’s opera-
tional headquarters to distribute
antinuclear leaflets. But guards,
she recalled, “came up with their
guns and treated us as though we
were terrible criminals.”
In 1998, she was arrested in a
protest at the School of the Amer-
icas, an Army school at Fort Ben-
ning, in Georgia. It taught gener-
ations of Latin American soldiers
to fight leftist insurgencies; some
went on to commit human rights
abuses. The school has since
been closed.
Sister Rice served six months
in federal prison. “It was a great
eye-opener,” she said. “When
you’ve had a prison experience, it
minimizes your needs very
much.” Malaria and typhoid fever be-
gan to impede her work in Africa
and brought her back to the Unit-
ed States permanently. Around
2005, her order gave her permis-
sion to join the Nevada Desert
Experience, an activist group
based in Las Vegas that organ-
izes spiritual events near the
atomic test site in support of nu-
clear abolition.
“She’s the kind of person who
would risk her life to protect oth-
ers,” Jim Haber, the group’s co-
ordinator, said in an interview. Late last month, Sister Rice set
her sights on the Oak Ridge nu-
clear reservation, which covers
more than 50 square miles, in-
cluding wooded hills. Her aim
was to draw attention to its nucle-
ar work. After the break-in, the
protesters released an “indict-
ment” accusing the United States
of crimes against humanity.
On Thursday in Knoxville, fed-
eral prosecutors shot back with
an indictment of their own. They
charged Sister Rice, Michael R.
Walli, 63, of Washington, and
Gregory I. Boertje-Obed, 57, of
Duluth, Minn., with trespassing
on government property (a mis-
demeanor) as well as its destruc-
tion and depredation (both felo-
nies). The charges carry penal-
ties of up to 16 years in prison and
fines of up to $600,000. All plead-
ed not guilty.
A trial in Federal District Court
in Knoxville is set for Oct. 10. If
found guilty, the three defendants
might be allowed to serve their
sentences for the various charges
concurrently, shortening their
imprisonments to five years.
“She’s a pretty sympathetic
character,” Ralph Hutchison, co-
ordinator of the Oak Ridge Envi-
ronmental Peace Alliance, said of
the nun. “Sixteen years would be
signing her death warrant.”
Sister Rice plans to leave
Knoxville on Saturday for the
Catholic Worker residence in
Washington and commute to the
trial from there.
She called her life privileged.
“I’ve sort of fallen heir to it,” she
told the interviewer from the Uni-
versity of Nevada. “I’m grateful.” The 82-Year-Old Nun Who Broke Into America’s Nuclear Inner Sanctum
Sister Megan Rice is a peace activist with a privileged past and a long list of arrests. Below is the Oak Ridge nuclear reservation. From Page A1
Texas: Colonel Loses Post at Lackland Air Force Base
The commander of basic training at Lackland Air Force Base was re-
lieved of duty on Friday in connection with accusations that instructors
at the base had sexually assaulted and harassed female recruits. Col.
Glenn Palmer, who has commanded Air Force basic training for a little
over a year, will be removed from that position immediately and will be
reassigned, said Colleen McGee, chief of public affairs for the 37th
Training Wing at Lackland. Colonel Palmer, who is not accused of sexu-
al misconduct, oversaw military instructors at Lackland in San Antonio,
where all Air Force basic training takes place. “It was felt new leader-
ship was needed,” Ms. McGee said. Two instructors have been convict-
ed by courts-martial of criminal charges relating to the sexual har-
assment, sexual assault and rape of female trainees at Lackland. A third
instructor has pleaded guilty. Seven instructors have been charged, and
eight more remain under investigation.
Texas: Soldier Who Plotted Attack Gets Life Sentence
A soldier who was absent without leave from a fort in Kentucky and
plotted to kill other soldiers near Fort Hood remained defiant on Friday
as he was sentenced to life in prison, vowing never to end what he con-
sidered his holy war. The soldier, Pfc. Naser Jason Abdo, sat alone in
court with his hands shackled and a white cloth secured over his mouth
and neck. “I will continue until the day the dead are called to account
for their deeds,” Mr. Abdo, a Muslim convert, said through the cloth. Mr.
Abdo, 22, was convicted of planning what he claimed would have been a
huge attack on a Texas restaurant filled with soldiers. He was absent
without leave ast summer when he was arrested with bomb-making
materials at a motel in the Fort Hood area. A federal jury convicted him
in May on six charges, including attempting to use a weapon of mass
destruction. Representing himself, Mr. Abdo said he enlisted in 2009
thinking the service would not conflict with his religious beliefs. But as
his unit neared deployment, he applied for conscientious objector sta-
tus, writing in a letter that accompanied his application that he was not
sure “whether going to war was the right thing to do Islamically.” In a
police interview, Mr. Abdo said his plan was to place a bomb in a busy
restaurant near Fort Hood, wait outside and shoot anyone who sur-
vived, and become a martyr after the police killed him. (AP)
California: Sledgehammer Used in Breakout Try
Two suspects tried to break into the Marin County Juvenile Hall with a
sledgehammer early Friday in an attempt to free a teenager accused of
stealing a celebrity chef’s Lamborghini, the authorities said. Lt. Barry
Heying of the Marin County Sherrif’s Office said investigators believed
the suspects were trying to free Max Wade, who is charged with steal-
ing the TV chef Guy Fieri’s Lamborghini in March 2011. Mr. Wade, 18,
also faces attempted murder charges for reportedly shooting at a teen-
age girl in April.Lieutenant Heying said the suspects struck a concrete
wall and window near Mr. Wade’s cell, then fled.
Michigan: Aides to Ex-Congressman Are Arraigned
Three of former Representative Thaddeus McCotter’s aides pleaded
not guilty to fraud charges on Friday, a day after Michigan’s attorney
general accused Mr. McCotter of being “asleep at the switch” while his
staff members faked petition signatures that ultimately forced him to
resign last month. Mr. McCotter, a Republican, has not been charged.
The three former aides, Don Yowchuang, Paul Seewald and Mary Turn-
bull, were arraigned and released on bond on Friday. A fourth, Lorianne
O’Brady, is expected to be arraigned next week. (AP)
Tribes Won’t Be Required to Reimburse Government
The Obama administration says Indian tribes do not have to reimburse
the government for buying divided tribal land so it can be returned to
them. The Interior Department is helping tribes reunite land that was
split among owners over many generations. A $3.4 billion settlement
over the federal mismanagement of Indian land royalties includes $1.9
billion for the purchases. The land dividingbegan in 1887 when the gov-
ernment split reservation land among tribe members in the hopes of
“assimilating” them into the rest of society. The Interior Department
has identified 88,638 tracts owned by nearly 2.8 million people. (AP)
National Briefing AVE MARIA CHAPEL
Catholic Traditionalist
210 MAPLE AVE (off Post Ave)
TEL:(516) 333-6470
@9:30 a.m.
Richard Cragun, a former star
dancer with the Stuttgart Ballet
and the partner of the prima bal-
lerina Marcia Haydée in a series
of classical dance dramas ac-
claimed internationally in the
1960s and ’70s, including “Romeo
and Juliet,” “Eugene Onegin” and
“The Taming of the Shrew,” died
on Monday in Rio de Janeiro,
where he had lived since 1999. He
was 67. The Stuttgart Ballet,
which announced his death, did
not give the cause. Mr. Cragun, who was born in
Sacramento,was 17 when he
joined the company in 1962, just
as it was beginning to flourish un-
der a new director, John Cranko,
who choreographed most of the
ballets that Mr. Cragun and Ms.
Haydée later came to define by
their performances. Before leav-
ing the company in 1996, Mr. Cra-
gun danced the title roles in doz-
ens of dramatic ballets written by
Mr. Cranko or his successors, in-
cluding “A Streetcar Named De-
sire,” “Orpheus,” “The Sleeping
Beauty,” “Death in Venice” and
“La Sylphide.”
Mr. Cragun’s American roots
and athleticism were among the
defining elements of what was
sometimes called the Stuttgart
style,an explosive, colorful form
of classical ballet driven by story-
telling.Flawless triple-turns in
midair were his trademark.
“He possesses tremendous ele-
vation,there is a cumulative
pulse and rhythmic beat to his
dancing that is enormously im-
pressive,” Clive Barnes wrote in
The New York Times, describing
Mr. Cragun’s performance in
“The Taming of the Shrew,”
which the Stuttgart company,
based in Germany,brought to the
Metropolitan Opera House in
1969. Mr. Cragun, he added,was
“a superb dancer,a man in the
category of Rudolf Nureyev or
Edward Villella.”
Though he also partnered Mar-
got Fonteyn, Gelsey Kirkland
and other leading ballerinas of
the day, Mr. Cragun’s partnership
with Ms. Haydée was his most
enduring. They lived together as
a couple for about a decade, until
1977, and remained close friends
until his death. No immediate family members
are known to survive.
Mr. Cragun, who was born on
Oct. 5, 1944, told interviewers that
he began taking tap-dancing les-
sons at 5, and decided to make
dancing his profession a few
years later, after his father, a col-
lege librarian, took him to see
“Singin’ in the Rain.” Donald
O’Conner, one of Gene Kelly’s co-
stars in that movie, was “my first
absolute idol,” he told People
magazine in 1977. He later studied at the Royal
Ballet School in London.But, he
told People, tap remained at the
core of his sensibility as a dancer. “The fact is, I have never given
up being and feeling American,”
he said. “My chorus-line, vaude-
villian background is still very
much with me. That great Ameri-
can showbiz feeling is present
wherever I go and wherever I
Steven Wistrich, who per-
formed with Mr. Cragun as a
member of the Stuttgart Ballet in
the 1970s and is now artistic di-
rector of the City Ballet of San
Diego, recalled an incident that il-
lustrated Mr. Cargun’s crowd-
pleasing show-business instincts.
It was in Moscow, in the late ’70s
after a performance of “Eugene
Onegin,” with Mr. Cragun and
Ms. Haydée in the principal roles. “They are very serious ballet
lovers in Moscow, and the audi-
ence went crazy, demanding en-
core after encore, applauding in
unison,” Mr. Wistrich said in a
phone interview Thursday. Even-
tually the orchestra left. But the
audience kept clapping, demand-
ing more.So Mr. Cragun and Ms.
Haydée took another bow, and
gave them what they wanted, Mr.
Wistrich said: With the house
lights up,and the audience on its
feet, “They repeated an entire
pas de deux. In complete silence.”
Richard Cragun, 67, Stuttgart Ballet Dancer
Richard Cragun in “The Taming of the Shrew” in 1969. He
joined the Stuttgart Ballet in 1962 and left the troupe in 1996.
American roots and
athleticism helped
define a star dancer.
David Rakoff, a prizewinning
humorist whose mordant, neurot-
ic essays examined everything
from his surreal stint portraying
Sigmund Freud in a Christmas-
time shop window display to his
all-too-real battles with cancer,
died on Thursday in Manhattan.
He was 47.
His death was announced by
his mother, Gina Shochat-Rakoff.
Mr. Rakoff’s cancer had first ap-
peared when he was 22 and re-
cently reappeared as a tumor in
his left shoulder.
The return of his cancer, and
the possibility that his arm and
shoulder would have to be ampu-
tated, were the subjects of the
concluding essay in Mr. Rakoff’s
most recent collection, “Half
Empty” (2010),a darkly comic
paean to negativity.
For his incisive wit and keen
eye for the preposterous, Mr.
Rakoff (pronounced RACK-off)
was often likened to the essayist
David Sedaris, a mentor and
close friend. Like Mr. Sedaris, he
was a frequent contributor to
“This American Life,” broadcast
on public radio. Mr. Rakoff’s print essays ap-
peared in The New York Times,
GQ, Details, Salon, Slate and else-
where. They formed the meat of
his three published collections,
which,besides “Half Empty,” in-
clude “Fraud” (2001),in which he
chronicled, among other things,
his brief appearance on a televi-
sion soap opera (Mr. Rakoff was
also an actor); and “Don’t Get
Too Comfortable” (2005),which,
as its jacket proclaims, skewers
the American demographic be-
leaguered by “the never-ending
quest for artisanal olive oil and
other first world problems.”
A self-described gay Jewish
Canadian transplant to New York
City, Mr. Rakoff was a social an-
thropologist of postmodern life.
His research often entailed first-
hand field work, as when, in pur-
suit of conspicuous consumption,
he became a passenger on one of
the last flights of the Concorde.
He described the trip in his es-
say “As It Is in Heaven”:“At
42,000 feet and Mach 1.71 (1,110
m.p.h.), we are given some small
canapés. Triple rounds of edible
money: filet mignon topped with
caviar, smoked salmon, foie gras
and a gooseberry.” (As a cultural counterweight,
Mr. Rakoff next flew on Hooters
Air, the short-lived airline operat-
ed by the Hooters restaurant
chain and with a crew that in-
cluded its pneumatic, scarcely
clad hostesses, an experience re-
counted in the same essay.)
While some critics faulted Mr.
Rakoff’s writing as overly apho-
ristic, many praised his singular
style, which combined an ami-
able dyspepsia with an almost
palpable undercurrent of melan-
In his essay “Christmas
Freud,” Mr. Rakoff tells of volun-
teering to spend several weeks as
Freud in a tableau vivant, part of
the 1996 holiday window displays
at Barneys New York,the luxury
emporium. (He knew the store’s
creative director.)
Gawked at by passers-by, the
display included little more at
first than Mr. Rakoff, a chair and
an analyst’s couch. That, he soon
determined, would not do.
“I’ve decided to start seeing
patients,” he wrote. “I’m simply
not man enough to sit exposed in
a window doing nothing; it’s too
humiliating and too boring.”
Manhattan being Manhattan,
they came in droves; many spoke
to the good doctor about Christ-
mastime anxiety.
One such “patient,” a writer for
the British newspaper The Inde-
pendent, described Mr. Rakoff’s
analytical spiel as follows:
“‘Let’s look at the name. Fa-
ther Christmas,’” he says, em-
phatically. “‘It’s obviously an Oe-
dipal fantasy. Santa Claus is sup-
posed to come down a chimney, a
simulacrum for a vagina. Then he
leaves presents,and children are
always anxious about what kind.
So it’s really all about parents en-
gaged in sex, an act that neces-
sarily excludes their kids.’” David Benjamin Rakoff was
born in Montreal on Nov. 27, 1964,
and reared in Toronto. He earned
a bachelor’s degree in East Asian
studies from Columbia in 1986
and afterward worked in Japan
as a translator.
His stay in Japan was cut short
by a diagnosis of Hodgkin’s lym-
phoma. He moved back to Cana-
da for more than a year of treat-
ment and remained free of cancer
for two decades.
Returning to New York, Mr.
Rakoff worked as an editor and
publicist for various publishers
before gathering sufficient nerve
to pursue writing in earnest. A
letter he wrote to Mr. Sedaris in
the early 1990s after hearing him
on the radio, and Mr. Sedaris’s
subsequent championing of Mr.
Rakoff’s work, led to his own ra-
dio career, which in turn led to his
Mr. Rakoff acted in several
stage plays by Mr. Sedaris and
his sister Amy.He also wrote the
screen adaptation for, and
starred in, a 20-minute film, “The
New Tenants” — a ghoulish com-
edy about the worst New York
rental experience imaginable —
which won the Academy Award
for best live-action short film in
Besides his father, Vivian
Rakoff,a psychiatrist,and his
mother,a physician,Mr. Rakoff’s
is survived by a brother, Simon, a
well-known stand-up comic in
Canada,and a sister, Ruth
Rakoff, whose memoir, “When
My World Was Very Small”
(2010),recounts her own battle
with cancer. Mr. Rakoff received the Thur-
ber Prize for American Humor
for “Half Empty.” “Fraud” and
“Don’t Get Too Comfortable” re-
ceived Lambda Literary Awards,
an annual honor for lesbian- and
gay-themed books.
When Mr. Rakoff’s cancer re-
turned and he risked amputation,
he ruminated on life without his
arm and shoulder. It was not so
much the physical loss that wor-
ried him, he said, but something
far larger.
“There are other extrafunc-
tional and noncosmetic realities I
have to consider,” Mr. Rakoff
wrote in “Another Shoe,” his es-
say about the tumor. “How does
someone without a left arm know
he’s having a heart attack, for ex-
David Rakoff, 47, Comic Essayist,Dies LOUIS LANZANO/ASSOCIATED PRESS
David Rakoff in Central Park in 2001.His most recent collec-
tion of comic essays, “Half Empty,” was published in 2010.
A writer’s love for the
absurd led to a stint in
a window display.
Carlo Rambaldi, a special-ef-
fects virtuoso who won two Acad-
emy Awards for his work on Ste-
ven Spielberg’s “E.T. the Extra-
Terrestrial” and Ridley Scott’s
“Alien” and a special achieve-
ment award from the Motion Pic-
ture Academy for John Guiller-
min’s 1976 remake of “King
Kong,” died Friday in southern It-
aly. He was 86.
His death was announced by
Mario Caligiuri of the Calabria re-
gion’s cultural affairs council. Mr. Rambaldi was adept at de-
signing monsters, from the ter-
restrial to the decidedly not. His
expertise in techniques including
puppetry and mechanical and
electronic engineering allowed
him to breathe life into the most
fantastic movie creatures of the
1970s and ’80s. He designed and built an eye-
less animatronic head that real-
ized H.R. Giger’s parasitic beast
in “Alien” and the benign, mu-
sical aliens of Mr. Spielberg’s
“Close Encounters of the Third
Kind.” He also collaborated on
animatronic masks, suits and a
42-foot-tall ape for “King Kong.”
But his crowning achievement
was “E.T.”
In “E.T.” an alien is marooned
on Earth, where he befriends a
lonely boy named Elliott who
helps him to contact his home
planet and return to space. For
the movie to succeed, audiences
would have to identify with, and
love, a prop. So Mr. Rambaldi used steel,
polyurethane, rubber, and hy-
draulic and electronic controls to
create an alien so ugly it was be-
guiling, with outsize eyes based
on his cat’s and wizened skin (in
some scenes E.T. was played by
an actor in a suit). The alien was
capable of 150 separate moves,
like wrinkling his nose, furrowing
his brow and extending his neck. “Carlo Rambaldi was E.T.’s
Geppetto,” Steven Spielberg said
in a statement on Friday.
The movie has grossed nearly
$800 million worldwide, proving
that special effects could endear
as well as titillate and horrify.
“The success of ‘E.T.’ means
that it no longer is important that
you have Marlon Brando or John
Travolta,” Mr. Rambaldi told The
New York Times. “If the special
effect is created very well, most
people don’t think whether it’s
mechanical or not — they’re
thinking about the story.”
Carlo Rambaldi was born in
Vigarano, Italy, in 1925. He at-
tended the Academy of Fine Arts
of Bologna and had a successful
career as an artist before he
started working on films. His first
creation was a fire-breathing
dragon in the 1957 Italian film
“Sigfrido.” He worked on gory horror
films in the ’60s and early ’70s, in-
cluding “Andy Warhol’s Frank-
enstein” and “Andy Warhol’s
Dracula,” as well as Dario Ar-
gento’s thriller “Deep Red.” The producer Dino de Lauren-
tiis reached out to Mr. Rambaldi
for help with the special effects in
“King Kong.” He moved to the
United States in the mid-1970s
and stayed more than a decade,
working on films like David
Lynch’s “Dune” and Richard
Fleischer’s “Conan the Destroy-
His last credited work was
“Primal Rage,” a 1988 horror film
directed by his son Vittorio.
Mr. Rambaldi was a tradition-
alist who disliked the advent of
computerized special effects.
“The mystery’s gone,” he told
an Italian news service. “It’s as if
a magician had revealed all of his
tricks.” Information about Mr. Rambal-
di’s survivors was not immedi-
ately available.
Mr. Rambaldi was susceptible
to the charms of his creations, es-
pecially “E.T.,” even though he
knew the tricks behind them.
“When I finally saw the fin-
ished movie,” he said, “even I
cried a little.” Carlo Rambaldi, 86, Maestro
Of Special Effects in Movies
Top, Carlo Rambaldi in 2002
with an Italian film award.
Above, E.T., the Oscar-win-
ning Mr. Rambaldi’s most fa-
mous creation. To Spielberg, ‘Carlo
Rambaldi was E.T.’s
Conway, Philip
Crist, Judith
Kahn, Lee
Lauder, George
Lee, Mildred
Leeds, Arnold
Neidenberg, Elsie
Resnick, Bryan
Rosmarin, Muriel
Schlesinger, Roslyn
CONWAY—Philip,94,of Ocean
Ridge,FL formerly of
Bronxville,NY,passed away
on August 6,2012.Born on
May 22,1918 in South Orange,
NJ to William Palen Conway
and Rebecca Ambrose.Mr.
Conway graduated Prince-
ton College in 1940 and U.S.
Army ROTC program.Mr.
Conway was a Captain in the
U.S.Army,Field Artillery Unit
serving in the European Are-
na,WWII.He retired from
Citibank (N.A.) in 1974 as a
senior vice president.He had
a passion for trout fishing and
bird hunting and enjoyed
playing golf.Mr.Conway is
survived by his loving wife of
71 years,Elouise;son,Palen;
daughter,Elouise along with
five grandchildren.A memori-
al service will be held on Sat-
urday,August 11,2012 in Del-
ray Beach,FL.
CRIST—Judith.The world lost
a legend and the McCormick
Fund scholarships lost a pil-
lar.We'll miss your leadership
as a McCormick Fund trustee
since the 1970s.As we mourn
your passing,we celebrate
your brilliance as a pioneer-
ing film critic,a beloved
Columbia J-School teacher,
and a winner of Front Page
Awards from The Newswom-
en's Club of New York.Deep-
est sympathy to your family.
Jan Paschal,president,and
the Trustees of the
Anne O'Hare
McCormick Memorial
KAHN—Lee.Loving mother to
Stephen,Michele,and Stuart;
mother-in-law to Benjamin,
Eileen,and Antonio;sister to
Lowell and Joyce Scher and
Melvin Salberg and the late
Rita Salberg.Adoring and
wonderful grandmother to
Aaron.Beloved aunt to
Larry,Jill and Michael.
Daughter of the late Sol and
May Scher.During her 30
years as a teacher,she im-
pacted the lives of thousands
of special needs students.She
touched the lives of everyone
who was fortunate to know
her.Lee was much loved and
will be dearly missed by her
loving family and many
friends.Funeral Sunday,Au-
gust 12,2012 at 10am at
Riverside,180 West 76th.In-
terment to follow at Mt.He-
can be made to UJA or
Phoenix House.
LAUDER—George Varick,88,
a retired Director of Public
Affairs of the Central Intelli-
gence Agency,died of natural
causes in Washington,DC,on
July 25,2012.Mr.Lauder was
born in New York City on
March 2,1924.He graduated
from Yale University in 1947
as a member of the class of
1945,which was composed of
students whose education had
been interrupted by military
service during World War II.
Mr.Lauder graduated from
the University of Virginia
Law School in 1950.He was
an officer in the United States
Navy in World War II and
served as a navigator on sea-
planes and on an aircraft car-
rier.Mr.Lauder joined the
Central Intelligence Agency in
1951 and served as an opera-
tions officer and senior offi-
cial in Washington,DC,as
well as in several posts
abroad and as the CIA's
Deputy Inspector General.He
retired from the agency in
1987,after having been its Di-
rector of Public Affairs for
nearly four years.He re-
ceived the CIA's Distinguished
Intelligence Medal,Medal of
Merit,and other awards of
distinction.At the time of his
death Mr.Lauder had homes
in Washington,DC,and South
Bristol,ME.He was the great-
grandson of George Lauder,
originally of Dunfermline,
Scotland,then of Pittsburgh,
PA,and Greenwich,CT.Mr.
Lauder was a member of the
Chevy Chase and Metropoli-
tan Clubs in Washington,the
Christmas Cove Improvement
Association in Maine,the So-
ciety of the Cincinnati,and
the Founders and Patriots of
America.He was an avid
sailor,and loved being on the
water in coastal Maine.His
interest in American history
and genealogy continued
throughout his life,and he
was particularly proud of his
service in the U.S.Navy dur-
ing World War II.Mr.Lauder
is survived by his wife of 62
years,Laurita B.Lauder of
Washington,DC,and South
Bristol,ME,a son,Dr.George
V.Lauder Jr.of Lexington,
MA,two daughters,Frederica
R.Lauder and Leigh B.Laud-
er of New York City;one
brother,Winston Lauder of
Essex,CT,and a granddaugh-
ter,Katherine R.Lauder of
Louisville,CO.A memorial
service will be held in the fall.
LEEDS—Arnold (Buddy),born
May 1st,1924,died August 8th
2012.Brooklyn born graduate
of Erasmus High School,he
volunteered for US Army
duty on January 1942.He
landed at Normandy Beach
on D-Day plus 2;he walked
through France to the Rema-
gen Bridge and attended the
Nurenburg Trials.Upon re-
turning to NYC,he attended
NYU for a degree in electrical
engineering.He went to work
for the Bulova Watch Co.;he
then joined Bache & Co.for a
54 year career as a stock bro-
ker ending in 2010.He was a
member of Metropolis Coun-
try Club for 60 years.He was
predeceased by his parents,
Nat and Julie Leeds,sister
Teri Randall,first wife
Joanne Shenk,beloved in-
laws Barry and Adele Shenk.
He is survived by his wife
Jessica Leeds,daughters Gail
(Charles) Reeds,Karen
Gmunder,nephew Andrew
Randall,niece Susan Randall,
step-children Robin (Cliff)
Lively,Clark (Christine) H.
Summers III.10 grandchildren,
and four great-grandchildren.
His generosity,humanity,
sense of responsibility and
loving nature will be missed
by all the lives he touched,
especially at the oldest float-
ing poker game in New York.
In lieu of flowers,donations
can be made in Buddy's
name to the MICU Depart-
ment of Mount Sinai Hospital,
One Gustave L.Levy Place,
NYC,NY 10029-6574.Friends
may call at Frank E.Camp-
bell,1076 Madison Ave.,on
Saturday,August 11 3-7pm
with a service at 3pm on Sun-
day at Frank E.Campbell.
LEEDS—Arnold.The Officers,
Board of Governors and
members of Metropolis Coun-
try Club mourn the passing of
our esteemed honorary life
member,Arnold Leeds and
extend our heartfelt condo-
lences to his wife Jessica and
to his family.
Dr.James A.Reiffel,M.D.,
Debbie Kaliner,Secretary
ble.Born January 2,1919,in
New York,NY,to Ernestine
Scott Kimble and Ural Kim-
ble;died August 5,2012,in
Ann Arbor,MI.Educated at
Hunter College,class of 1938,
B.A.Cum Laude;MBA,The
School of Business and Civic
Ed.D.from Fordham Univer-
sity of New York,School of
Education,in 1977.Perma-
nent Certificate,School Ad-
ministrator and Supervisor,
Effective February 1,1971.
Married 56 years to
Granville W.Lee.
Steinberg),94,died August 10,
2012,in New York,NY.She
was a loving grandmother to
Jennifer and Josh Rubin,
Emily and Fernando Lopez,
great grandmother to Miles
Rubin and Danny Lopez,and
mother-in-law to Judith Nei-
denberg.She was prede-
ceased by her children Daniel
and Judy.Elsie was a true
New Yorker who devoted her
life to many worthy causes
including politics,arts,and
health.For more information
about her life and funeral de-
tails visit
RESNICK—Bryan Shore.
Beloved mother to Joshua
and Zachary.Mother-in-Law
to Courtney and Stephanie.
Grandmother to Tyler and
Blake.Adored daughter of
Ellin and the late Paul Shore.
Loving Sister to Andrew,
Mark and Mindy.Sister-in-law
to Debra,David and Eileen.
Bryan was much loved and
adored.She touched the lives
of all that knew her.She had
a very strong will to live and
a passion for life.Beautiful on
the inside and out.We will
miss her and love her always.
Funeral:Monday.August 13
at 11am.Temple Emanuel in
Great Neck.
RESNICK—Bryan.Adored sis-
ter to Mindy,sister-in-law to
David,and"Aunt Brookie"to
Danielle,Chelsea and Adam.
A true fighter who will be
forever loved and missed.
August 7,2012.North Salem,
NY.Beloved beloved wife,
Shakespeare devotee - at 86
after five years of dementia.
She transformed objects to
beauty,acquaintances to
admirers,and happenstance
to hilarity.She had an eye for
the exquisite and an ear for
people.Surviving are husband
Samuel,the rest of the fami-
ly,and Daniela,who cared for
her in need.
died peacefully in her home
in Manhattan on August 9.
2012 after a brief illness.
Raised in the Bronx by immi-
grant parents,Roz was savvy
and industrious,launching a
successful career as a wom-
an's sportswear buyer serving
as president of her trade or-
ganization.After having two
children,Gary and Jill,she re-
turned to work and after a
variety of interesting posi-
tions ended up as office man-
ager and resident sage of the
Threadtex Corporation where
she worked full time until the
age of 86.As if that wasn't
enough,she also worked as
an interior decorator and
travel agent.An accom-
plished pianist,Roz was a
lover of the arts and culture,
frequenting the theatre,ballet
and the opera.A voracious
reader,Roz was a perennial
student,hungry for new
knowledge and experience.
She travelled extensively
throughout Asia,Africa,the
Middle East and Europe,of-
ten with her daughter.Roz
was the consummate loving
mother to Gary and Jill.Im-
mensely supportive,she
shared a deep bond with he
daughter-in-law Sarah.She
adored her grandchildren,Ju-
lia and Zak,for years he
"Saturday night date"– she
loved sharing in their lives
and helping them to grow.
Funeral will be held on Sun-
day,August 12 at Riverside
Memorial Chapel,180 West
76th St.,NYC.Shiva to follow.
Donations can be sent to Ha-
zon,125 Maiden Lane – Suite
8B,NY,NY 10038.
In Memoriam
In late July, a Twitter user began to
post a flurry of messages on what hap-
pens to be one of the Bloomberg admin-
istration’s newest education campaigns.
“Teachers union must stop protecting
those who commit sexual misconduct
with children,” read one post on July 29. “Unions have to be there to support
great hardworking teachers. Not ones
who sexually harass and endanger our
kids,” said another from Aug. 3. The posts began to draw the attention
of Randi Weingarten, the head of the
American Federation of Teachers, who
wrote on Twitter, “Union protects
against false allegations,” which elicited
this comeback: “Then how do u explain teacher ask-
ing child for striptease and not fired?” The author of these missives was not
a mayoral operative or a city education
wonk. It was Campbell Brown, the 44-
year-old former CNN anchor and moth-
er of two young sons, who from her
home in Lower Manhattan had begun to
insert herself into an uncomfortable po-
litical fight in a conspicuous way. The posts were just a part of it. Ms.
Brown also spoke about teacher mis-
conduct at a July 26 appearance in the
Bronx before Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s
education reform commission and in a
July 30 spot on MSNBC’s “Morning
Joe.” She also wrote an op-ed article on
the issue that was published by The
Wall Street Journal.
Then Ms. Brown became the story, at
least on Twitter, when Ms. Weingarten
reposted a message that pointedly
raised Ms. Brown’s marriage to Dan Se-
nor, who is Mitt Romney’s senior for-
eign-affairs adviser and, more to the
point, is on the board of StudentsFirst-
NY, an education policy group close
with Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg. This escalated the fight. Ms. Brown
said she took the post as sexist, though
she stressed that she still desired Ms.
Weingarten’s help. “Disappointing that
@rweingarten thinks I hold my views
b/c im married to repub. Always
thought she was great role model for
women until now,” she wrote.
A local union operative then called
any claim that the union defends sexual
predators “equivalent to a blood libel,” a
term frequently used in reference to an
anti-Semitic accusation dating from the
Middle Ages that Jews use the blood of
non-Jews in ceremonies. The Anti-Defa-
mation League called the statement “in-
appropriate and over the top,” and the
union official apologized.
But the public spat made it clear: Ms.
Brown had transformed into the most
recognizable face of the combustible
school-reform fight and in so doing had
injected star power into a campaign the
Bloomberg administration has been
waging for months.
“I don’t think it’s fair that we cannot
guarantee every child in this country a
great education and that, in New York
City, in some cases, your child is at risk
in some part because of the policies the
union endorses,” Ms. Brown said in an
interview. “It is impossible to not see
that we have a broken system that is in
need of change.”
The issue is how teachers who are ac-
cused of sexually motivated misbehav-
ior should be handled. Teachers convict-
ed of a sexual crime involving students
automatically lose their jobs, but teach-
ers whose alleged behavior is not con-
sidered criminal — like hugging that
makes a student uncomfortable, in-
appropriate comments or unwanted
out-of-class contact — are entitled to a
hearing under state law before they can
be fired. Since July 2008, the city Education Ex-CNN Anchor Joins Debate vs. Unions Over Teacher Misconduct
Campbell Brown, a mother of two
and former CNN host, has become a
vocal critic of teachers unions.
Continued on Page A17
In a city of millions of keys, this is a
story of two of them. Two keys carried
by two strangers that opened the same
apartment door. Twice, the police said,
one man let himself inside while the oth-
er was away. The first time,
the victim was just that — a
victim. The second time, he
was ready. The tenant, a college pro-
fessor of technology, had
moved into the apartment in
April. It was a quiet walk-up on East
11th Street in Manhattan. The superin-
tendent told the professor, Mr. Lee, that
the lock had just been changed. Two months later, on June 12, some-
one entered the apartment while Mr.
Lee, who did not want his full name dis-
closed, was at work. The burglar stole
two video game consoles and other elec-
tronics. There was no sign of forced en-
try, nor any witnesses. “I decided to be more defensive,” he
said. The technology professor tried a cou-
ple of surveillance cameras before set-
tling on one made by Dropcam. He
placed it in a room where he kept elec-
tronic valuables, and set it to constantly
record, with the last seven days of video
stored online. The view offered a glimpse into a
bachelor’s pad. The room was messy,
not really unpacked. There was a chin-
up bar mounted in the door frame and a
guitar leaning in the corner, near a mi-
crophone on a stand. “I play guitar with
my church,” he said.
On Monday, seven
weeks after the bur-
glary, at 3:35 p.m., Mr.
Lee’s apartment door
opened. The camera re-
corded a man poking
his head into the door,
then entering. He was young and
well put together, with
stylish eyeglass frames
and a recent haircut.
He wore cargo shorts and a Guinness
T-shirt and purple gloves and Nikes and
a backpack, and looked like a bike mes-
senger or student or the sort of guy that
shows up in the East Village in packs of
12 for happy hour and brunch.If it was a
disguise, it was inspired. The burglar left the way he came,
having taken an iPad, a watch and a
wallet filled with old, canceled credit
cards. Mr. Lee arrived home and noticed
something missing, and quickly logged
onto the camera’s video, finding a little
red flag at the 3:35 p.m. mark, meaning
motion had been detected then. He
watched and called the police. A lot of surveillance video in New
York City is shot from a low-resolution
camera mounted on a light pole in the
dark. By those standards, Mr. Lee’s
high-definition video was Oscar-worthy
in its framing and lighting and the detail
of the suspect. “The police saw the video and
thought it was hilarious,” he said. “They
said it’s very rare for a private citizen to
have surveillance video in their apart-
ment.” The police released the video to
newspapers and television stations, and
Mr. Lee tacked up a homemade flier in a
nearby bar. Someone who saw the video called
the police, and three days after the bur-
glary, the police arrested a suspect,
Piotr Pasciak, 24, of Greenpoint, Brook-
lyn. A tour of his Facebook page sug-
gests that the hipster look was no dis-
guise. In photograph after photograph,
Mr. Pasciak, who had 682 friends as of
Friday, can be seen, hair mussed, gaz-
ing at himself in a mirror or drinking a
bottle of Heineken or a red beverage in
a martini glass. The cheery pictures and posts peter
out in 2009. That is because Mr. Pasciak
was in prison at the time after pleading
guilty to charges stemming from three
home-invasion burglaries in Ostego
County, in which guns and stereo equip-
ment were stolen. Mr. Pasciak pleaded
guilty to attempted burglary, a lesser
“Pete, keep your head up,” a friend
wrote on his Facebook wall in 2010.
“You will be out soon.” He was released
in January 2011. Over the last few days, people wrote
on his wall asking why his phone was
not working. His mother, Malgorzata
Pasciak, wrote, “Peter where r u call
me.” The police charged him with burglary
in both break-ins at Mr. Lee’s apart-
ment. His mother defended him in a
telephone interview on Friday. “He’s a
good guy, and I don’t know if that’s him
or not,” she said, referring to the bur-
glary video. It was unclear Friday how
he could have had a key. The superintendent, who gave only
his first name, Jack, said on Thursday
that it was his custom, after a tenant
moved out, to remove the lock and toss
it in a box of similar locks, replacing it
with another from the box. Had he, in
April, removed the old lock and inadver-
tently put it right back in? He wasn’t
sure anymore, he said. He did not recog-
nize Mr. Pasciak. Mr. Lee said there was a brand new
lock on his door now. And, in his pocket,
he carries the only key. An Improvised Trap for a Burglar Who Made Himself at Home A man whose apartment was robbed with no signs of forced entry set up a
webcam, at left. Video soon showed a stranger, above, entering with a key. MICHAEL
SCENE E-mail:
Twitter: @mwilsonnyt By LISA W. FODERARO
Bryant Park’s pristine lawn, lush hy-
drangeas and movable bistro tables
have been well documented in pho-
tographs and videos, but not so much in
paint. This summer, to correct that situ-
ation, the Bryant Park Management
Corporation, which operates the park,
chose four artists to be painters in resi-
dence:each is being paid $2,000,in ad-
dition to the cost of materials, to spend
two weeks depicting life in the park. “The public loves to watch painters,
and we thought that if we spent $10,000
on a full summer of painting that it
would be well worth the money,” said
Daniel A.Biederman, president of the
management corporation.It also in-
fuses the park with an ineffable charm.
Patti Mollica was one of those chosen
from among 39 applicants. She said she
considered herself an urban painter, her
subject matter largely subway plat-
forms, taxis, fire escapes and corner
groceries. But,she said, she usually
photographs her subjects first and then
puts oil to canvas in her studio in
Nyack, N.Y., miles up the Hudson. For the last two weeks,she has been
painting en plein-air, like the Impres-
sionists who,more than a century ago,
often left the confines of their studios
for the French countryside. “It’s actually been somewhat life-
changing,” said Ms. Mollica, who on
Wednesday was standing at her easel
and painting the park’s carousel near
40th Street,wearing a broad-brimmed
felt hat and listening to Thelonious
Monk and Bill Evans on her iPhone. “Artists like their creature comforts,
which includes climate-controlled stu-
dios,” she said. “But there’s an excite-
ment to painting something on the spot.
I think the energy comes through.”
But painting inside the park has its
challenges. About 20,000 people visit the
park on a typical summer day, drawn by
the chance to step outside of Midtown
Manhattan’s skyscrapers and traffic-
choked streets into a verdant oasis of
six acres, bounded by Avenue of the
Americas to the west and the New York
Public Library to the east. In addition to the crowds, the artists
have had to contend with this summer’s
intense heat and the park’s unusual
light effects. Walter Lynn Mosley, a 51-
year-old painter who lives in Brooklyn,
was the first of the four artists to set up
an easel. He said it sometimes felt as if
the sun’s rays were moving faster than
his paintbrush.
“You’re surrounded by buildings,and
it’s kind of like you’re in a valley, so it
was a little tricky,” said Mr. Mosley, who
produced 19 oil paintings during his
two-week stint. “With the way the light was hitting,
certain parts were in shadow and cer-
tain parts were in light,” he said. “But it
was a nice arrangement.” The park, which is privately man-
aged, reopened 20 years ago after an ex-
tensive renovation. It is the best-fi-
nanced public space,per acre,in New
York City, with an annual budget of $8.2
million. None of that revenue comes
from the city’s parks department; in-
stead, the park is supported by corpo-
rate sponsorships, fees paid by the adja-
cent office buildings and concessions. Ms. Mollica was on track to create 12
paintings by Friday, her last day in resi-
dence. Every morning, she lugged 50
pounds of materials into the park, in-
cluding a few dozen paintbrushes, pan-
els, paints, palette knives, some water
and her easel. Her paintings included
scenes of the park’s lawn and park visi-
tors eating lunch and holding umbrellas
in the rain.
She said that the biggest hurdle was
dealing with the constant movement in
the park. “Ninety percent of plein-air
painters are landscape artists,because
everything moves in the city,” she said.
“I was a little scared at first, but I feel
like I can paint anywhere now.”
The carousel was a case in point, with
its horses spinning endlessly and chil-
dren continually hopping on and off.
“There’s just so much detail,” Ms. Molli-
ca said, considering her loose green and
lavender brush strokes on the one-
square-foot panel propped on her easel.
“I don’t need every horse, but I want to
get the ambience,because it’s such a
beautiful carousel.”
It is unclear what will become of the
paintings by the four artists in resi-
dence, who also include Andrea Arroyo
and Yuka Imata. “We’re debating
among three or four possibilities,” Mr.
Biederman said.
One idea is to collect business cards
from park visitors and then hold a draw-
ing with the paintings as prizes. But the park corporation could also
decide to sell the canvases, or keep
them. “We could have our own display up in
our offices,” Mr. Biederman said, re-
ferring to the corporation’s headquar-
ters on Avenue of the Americas, across
from the park. “Or maybe even in the
park’s restroom, which has classical
music and beautiful flower displays. But
it’s never had artwork.”
Painting Bryant Park,
While Adding
To Its Charm
Four artists, in-
cluding Patti Molli-
ca, above, of
Nyack, N.Y.,were
selected from
among 39 appli-
cants to spend two
weeks painting
scenes of Bryant
Park this summer.
At left,one of 19
works by Walter
Lynn Mosley, of
adolescent indifference and a
lengthy effort to conceal my defi-
ciency as an adult, the time had
come for me to catch up, and not
just because the phrase “like rid-
ing a bike” had long struck me as
a cruel dig.
The quest began on Saturday,
with an adult education class of-
fered by Bike New York, the
city’s education partner for the
bike-share program. My family
was dubious. My parents’ efforts
had failed after all, though they
had done their part, buying me
my own bike as a child and giving
me lessons on the esplanade in
Battery Park City. I never saw
the point. I could already walk to
the park from our apartment. As
a last resort, teaching was later
outsourced to a friend’s father,
who failed at least as miserably.
“You know I love you and think
you’re great,” my mother said in
a recent interview. “You never
really did well with the turning.”
My indignity is not unique, of
course, though it is not far off. Ac-
cording to a federal survey con-
ducted in 2002, 3 percent of
Americans 16 or older who did
not use bicycles said they ab-
stained because they did not
know how to ride.
The class on Saturday was held
on East 25th Street, on a block
that had been closed to traffic for
the morning beside Madison
Square Park. My dreams of at-
tending a children’s class, à la
Kramer in karate training on
“Seinfeld” — “We’re all at the
same skill level, Jerry!” — would
go unrealized; Bike New York of-
fers separate sessions for chil-
dren. But I did stick out in an-
other way: I was the only man in
a group of about 15.
At first, this, too, appeared to
be a disadvantage. As we gath-
ered to affix name tags to our
shirts, our instructor, Lance Ja-
cobs, said riding might be easier
for those who ski, dance or do
yoga. Several classmates smiled.
I do none of these things, and it
is perhaps worth noting at this
moment of driver-cyclist acrimo-
ny in our city that I have also
never owned a car — a symptom
of a life lived only in northeastern
After matching us with hel-
mets and bikes, Mr. Jacobs di-
rected us to walk the bikes in a
small circle. I completed this task
expertly. In the distance, a girl no
older than 8 zipped toward Park
Avenue, sans training wheels,
with blue streamers hanging off
her handlebars. She grinned
tauntingly through her baby
“How was that?” Mr. Jacobs
asked the group as we returned.
“Was that fun?” It was then that
I noticed my bike had no pedals.
These would be earned later, Mr.
Jacobs said, once we proved we
could sit astride the bike and bal-
ance ourselves while pushing off
the ground with our feet. I en-
joyed brief success at this, too,
enough so that as I passed an old-
er classmate, she huffed that I
was “like, already riding.” She
would have her revenge. She had
not yet seen me turn.
Some background: In May, I
covered the city’s announcement
of its sponsor for the bike-share
program. Some sample bikes
were on display at the event, and
when the news conference end-
ed, a few television reporters
pedaled around City Hall Plaza
for their taped segments.
It was here that I first met Ja-
nette Sadik-Khan, the city’s
transportation commissioner.
She insisted that I take a quick
ride, too.
I thanked her, but said I had to
complete some interviews. It
would only take a minute, she
said. I countered that I was hold-
ing a bulky laptop in my bag —
not my strongest excuse, in hind-
sight. She lifted the bag off my
I slid uncomfortably onto the
bike, setting a simple goal for my-
self as cameramen and reporters
began to pay closer attention:
make the thing go forward.
This I did, for a wobbly 20 feet
or so, before deciding, in a fit of
hubris, that I was nimble enough
to complete a turn. I leaned
sharply. This is apparently not
advisable. The bike gave out be-
neath me, thoroughly enough
that I began to see City Hall on an
incline. I stepped off, catching the
bike before it hit the ground.
Cameramen chuckled. I walked
the vehicle back, and Ms. Sadik-
Khan handed me my bag. Merci-
fully, she did not say a word.
I regret only one decision from
that day: recounting the episode
for an editor when I arrived at
the office.
Which returns us to a side
street outside Madison Square
Park. With about 45 minutes left
in the two-hour class, I earned
my first pedal. Most classmates
had already earned both. An hour
earlier, in happier times, I had
wondered if I was overqualified
for the course.
“Yeah,” Mr. Jacobs told me lat-
er, as I teetered to the left, “this is
the right class for you.”
I would rally, slightly. As it
turns out, it is easier to balance
with two pedals than one. I began
to ride from one end of the block
to the other, successfully turning
about two-thirds of the time.
After the class, Mr. Jacobs con-
gratulated me on my progress. I
would return to future classes, I
told him, but could not resist ask-
ing already: Was I allowed to tell
people I knew how to ride a bike?
“You had one lesson,” he said.
I promised to take more.
“I wouldn’t send you out on the
streets,” he said.
Nor would I dare send myself
But if someone asked, I
pressed, could I credibly say I
knew how to ride?
Mercifully, he did not say a
It’s as Easy as ... Look! Turn! Oh, No!
The reporter, center, at a free bicycle class for adults provided by the nonprofit Bike New York. From Page A1
I did get the training wheels off
my bike as a kid, but my father
was so terrified of me getting
hurt or hit, I never really
learned how to ride. When I
was 42, I moved to Rome, Italy,for a
period. It is a city of poor public transport
and car-driving was out of the question. I
bought a brand new bike and walked it
home from Via dei Pelligrini in the center
to my house in Trastervere. Then I walked
it across the Tevere and taught myself to
ride it in the Circo Massimo. I fell many
times in the footprints of charioteers, but I
can ride a bike now, carefully and not on
the streets of New York (or Rome), but I
can ride.
Elizabeth I
New York
As a natural-born klutz, I could
do none of the physical things
the other kids could do. My
inability was a lifelong source
of great personal humiliation. I
reached my limit when my 4-year-old
daughter was able to discard her training
wheels and ride unaided. At the age of 32,
I found a quiet spot and a small battered
kiddy bike, and wobbled up and down till I
could control my balance. Some of the
local kids spotted me, and, to my
amazement, became my personal
cheering squad. One of my greatest thrills
was being able to buy a full-sized bike of
my own — in fact, I overcompensated,
purchasing a 27-inch men’s bike. Many of
us learn best by self-teaching, making our
mistakes far from peer observation.
Bobbi Greenfield
Monroe Twp., NJ
I’m 48 and never learned. My
overprotective mother was
terrified of allowing me to ride
a bike, so by the time my
father prevailed and bought
me one, I was 10. They bought me a
too-large bike, reasoning that I would all
too soon grow out of a smaller one.
(Ironically, I put on maybe another inch
after the fourth grade and that was it.) My
father, out of shape and nearing 50, put
awkward blocks on the pedals and took
me out for a couple of halfhearted lessons
(emotionally halfhearted on my part,
probably physically halfhearted on his).
We both gave up. It’s a mild source of
embarrassment for me too, but living
rather sedentarily in the American
suburbs means it doesn’t come up much.
Philadelphia, PA
In my case, it was swimming. I
took group, and private,
lessons for more than 20
years, and I still do not feel
comfortable with being in the
deep end of a pool. Yes, I can do a “dead
man’s float.” Other than that, it’s the
breathing which does not come naturally.
At age 75, I think I will let it go.
San Francisco
With the help of an endlessly
patient friend, I learned to ride
a bicycle at age 30 when I was
a student at Cambridge. After
years of getting everything I
needed on foot as a student in NYC, I
realized walking alone no longer sufficed.
I’ll never forget my humiliation as Sunday
picnickers set out their chairs to watch
and laugh — nor my delight when my
friend’s 8-year-old with much
encouragement accompanied me on my
first long ride. I am still terrified by traffic
— rather than manage traffic, I tend
simply to address the problem by falling
off. Another friend told me that her child
psychiatrist father begins each session by
asking the child, “How did you learn to ride
a bicycle?”
Elizabeth Robertson
Glasgow, UK
Readers Share Their Travails at Learning Something New
After The New York Times’s transportation reporter, Matt Flegenheimer, admitted he did not know how to ride a bike, readers responded on
They shared tales of adult cycling frustration, offered tips and, occasionally, recalled their own late-blooming triumphs on two wheels.
Photographs and Text by MISHA ERWITT
One of the many great wonders of New York is the amazing things
you can discover simply by taking a walk. On a warm June evening, as I entered Central Park at West 72nd
Street, the disco skaters loomed first, on the northeast edge of the Sheep
Meadow, moving to their disco trance mixes. Then came a guy playing a
saxophone. As I headed south, the path would yield a magician, a comic,
a portrait artist and a blues guitar player. By the southern end of the mall, the sounds of sweet violin music
could be heard. It was the music of the tango.
Under a statue of Sir Walter Scott, a couple clutched together, each
seemingly daring the other to make the first move, like novices trying to
put into practice what they had learned in their first tango lesson. At the
end of the mall, there were three dozen or so dancers, some young, some
not so young, cheek-to-cheek, dancing the tango in a constantly moving
counterclockwise circle around the base of a statue of Shakespeare. The scene was a product of design: It was a milonga, an informal
gathering of tango dancers, held every Saturday in the summer from 6
until 9:30 p.m. The skill level was varied — a free lesson is given to those
who want or need one. And those in need of a restorative snack could find relief from an Ar-
gentine woman, selling her homemade empanadas for $2 each.
A Meeting Of Cheeks
After a Walk In the Park By BENJAMIN WALDMAN and ANDY NEWMAN
One hundred and sixty-eight
bleak Decembers ago or there-
abouts, Edgar Allan Poe sat be-
fore a fireplace in a farmhouse on
a high bluff on what would some-
day be called the Upper West
Side, composing a poem.
The fireplace, encased by a
wooden mantel carved with vines
and fruit, found its way into the
poem: the place from which
“each separate dying ember /
Wrought its ghost upon the floor.”
Poe moved out of the Brennan
Farmhouse in 1845. Four years
later he was dead and by 1888,
the farmhouse, too, was bound
for the next world, condemned to
make way for the extension of
West 84th Street. But by then,
Poe was a literary hero, “The
Raven” his most celebrated
work. News of the house’s demo-
lition brought out a history buff
named William Hemstreet, who
salvaged the fireplace mantel.
In 1907, as Poe’s centenary ap-
proached, Mr. Hemstreet de-
cided, he wrote, to donate the
mantel to a public institution.
Competition was fierce, but Co-
lumbia University beat out a doz-
en suitors, largely on the
strength of its promise to display
the mantel prominently.
On Jan. 4, 1908, the Raven Man-
tel was presented to Columbia.
And then, for more than 100
years, it vanished into obscurity. New York City has no shortage
of monuments to Poe, who spent
most of the last five years of his
life here. The Poe Cottage stands
in Poe Park in the Bronx, a cou-
ple of blocks from the street
called Poe Place and the Edgar
Allan Poe Literacy Development
School, and not far from his bust
at the Hall of Fame for Great
Americans. Poe’s old house on
West Third Street has been repli-
cated in the facade of a New York
University Law School building
on a site that contains a Poe
Room. Part of West 84th Street,
where the farmhouse once stood,
has been renamed Edgar Allan
Poe Street.
The Raven Mantel has had a
less conspicuous history. Poe’s quarters on the second
floor of the Brennan farmhouse
were small but comfortable, with
windows that looked out past
ponds and hills and forests to-
ward the Hudson. The house be-
came a place of pilgrimage in the
decades after Poe’s death. On his
visit in 1888, Mr. Hemstreet, a re-
tired Civil War colonel and board
member of the Brooklyn art mu-
seum, regarded the Raven Room,
as it was called, “with profound
sentiment.” But he had to decide
quickly what to salvage.
Though the chamber door
plays a leading role in the poem,
Mr. Hemstreet noted that there
were only seven inches from the
top of the door to the ceiling —
leaving no room for a pallid bust
of Pallas, much less a lordly
raven — and ruled it out.
Instead, he handed the con-
tractor $5, pried the mantel off
the wall, and had it installed
around his own hearth at his
home in Crown Heights, Brook-
Two decades later, Mr. Hem-
street’s offer to give the mantel to
“any public institution that will
competently preserve it” drew
offers from, among others, the
University of Virginia, the Brook-
lyn Children’s Museum, and the
American Science and Historic
Preservation Society.
But Columbia was among the
first to respond — its librarian
called Mr. Hemstreet the day his
notice appeared in The New York
Times Saturday Review of Books
— and, being less than two miles
from the site of the old farm-
house, had a claim to proximity.
The university’s president, Nich-
olas Murray Butler, vowed to Mr.
Hemstreet:“It will be appropri-
ately placed and sedulously
cared for. A proper inscription
would be placed over or near the
mantel showing what it is and
giving the name of the donor.”
That sealed the deal. Mr. Hem-
street handed it over, along with
a sheaf of “documents proving
that Edgar Allan Poe had written
in the room where the mantel
stood his poem ‘The Raven.’”
Then began the search for an
appropriate place. The Columbia
University Quarterly reported in
1908 that a committee had been
appointed to “select a suitable lo-
cation for the mantelpiece,”
where it would be kept until “it
would be built into the wall of a
new and permanent home for the
English department.”
That does not seem to have
happened. A 1909 university doc-
ument says that the mantel was
“in the Librarian’s office,” and
that it could “be seen on applica-
After that, even Columbia’s ar-
chives are unclear about the
mantel’s whereabouts. A note in
the files of the Rare Book and
Manuscript Library says that the
mantel stood for many years in
Philosophy Hall. But the univer-
sity’s department of art proper-
ties says that the mantel re-
mained in Low Library for dec-
ades, long after the library was
turned into administrative offices
in the 1930s. It was there until
1974, when it moved to the univer-
sity’s current main library,
named after Mr. Butler. Eventu-
ally, it wound up in a storage area
of the Rare Book and Manuscript
Library within the offices of the
library’s public services archi-
vist, surrounded by files, boxes
and exposed pipes, with no
plaque to identify it save a tiny
notice apparently dating back at
least a century that says “Edgar
A. Poe wrote The Raven before
this mantel.”
There it stood, languishing, for
years — Columbia does not know
for how many. Then last summer,
one of the authors of this article,
researching Poe memorials for
the site Untapped New York,
chanced across a reference to the
mantel and wrote an article for
Columbia Magazine on its myste-
rious travels.
Something shifted. In late May,
the mantel was quietly moved to
a new home: within the rare book
library, but nearly on public view,
and in a much more hearth-like
setting, flanked by wood and
leather chairs and topped by a
portrait of Charles Richard
Crane, an American business
The stairs leading up to the
mantel are marked “Staff Access
Only,” but a simple request at the
desk of the manuscript library is
all it takes to gain admission.
Asked what prompted the
mantel’s relocation, Emily Dona-
hue, a Columbia spokeswoman,
said in an e-mail that “there real-
ly was no reason” for it. “There is
only so much space in the librar-
ies,” she said. In any case, Ms.
Donahue wrote on Thursday,
“There are no plans to move it as
of now.”
Columbia’s effort to preserve an inspiration for part of Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” went awry. After a Part in Poe’s Raven,’ the Dust of Obscurity
$14 toll proposed by the adminis-
tration of Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo
for a new Tappan Zee Bridge is
too high, the governor said on
It would nearly triple the cur-
rent $5 toll on the existing bridge.
When it was announced by the
governor’s staff last week, it
caused an outcry in the New York
City suburbs that rely on the
“We must find alternatives,
revenue generators and cost re-
ductions that reduce the potential
toll increases,” Mr. Cuomo said in
a letter Friday to the State Thru-
way Authority. In a radio interview on Friday,
Mr. Cuomo sought to distance
himself from the projections re-
leased a week earlier through his
chief of staff and operations di-
“They have a projection of
what the tolls could be,” Mr. Cuo-
mo said on “Capitol Pressroom
with Susan Arbetter.” “At the end of the day,” he add-
ed, “we have to make tolls afford-
able.” The governor has called for a
task force to find ways to maxi-
mize federal support and to lower
the cost of borrowing so the toll
increase could be reduced by
2017, when the $5.2 billion bridge
is expected to be finished.
Mr. Cuomo also suggested an
expanded discount program for
residents of Rockland and West-
chester Counties, connected by
the span over the Hudson River.
The projections from Mr. Cuo-
mo’s aides last week included dis-
counts for local commuters, but
their toll would still have gone up
to $8.40, from $3.
Until Friday, Mr. Cuomo and
his administration had been de-
fending the projected tolls. The
estimates released last week said
that even if no new bridge were
built, tolls on the existing one
would be $12 by 2017.
Cuomo Against $14 Tappan Zee Toll
News and
tion from the
five boroughs:
City Room
Losing track of the
mantel that cast
‘each separate dying
Aug. 10, 2012
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Department has brought 100
cases for “sexual misconduct”
against teachers, social workers
and guidance counselors. But ar-
bitrators allowed just 26 to be
fired; in many other cases, they
ordered discipline ranging from
reprimands to suspensions. The
Bloomberg administration has
been pushing to change the law
to allow the schools chancellor to
override arbitrators who do not
fire such teachers. Teachers un-
ions have fought the change, say-
ing that the arbitrators — who
are jointly picked by the city and
the union — are the only people
who can stop falsely accused
teachers from losing their liveli-
“We love children and the last
thing we would want is for any-
one to think we would coddle sex-
ual miscreants,” Ms. Weingarten,
who was previously head of the
United Federation of Teachers,
the city teachers union, said in an
interview. “It was striking to me
that a journalist would accuse the
A.F.T. and U.F.T. without actually
checking the facts — and then,
when I started, on Twitter, giving
her facts, the only thing she
would do is come back at me say-
ing I was sexist when I asked her
to be transparent.”
Ms. Brown said her columns
and Twitter posts were her own
writing — she also has penned
two recent Op-Ed articles for The
New York Times, one calling
Planned Parenthood too ideo-
logically driven and another say-
ing President Obama can be con-
descending to women — and dis-
missed accusations that she was
doing anyone else’s bidding. She
said that she was politically an in-
dependent and that some may be
having “a hard time wrapping
their head around” her recent
shift from “straight journalist” to
opinion writer, though she said
she saw it as a natural progres-
Ms. Brown’s career track fol-
lowed a classic path: She began
as a local television reporter in
Topeka, Kan., worked her way up
to larger markets and eventually
became a White House corre-
spondent for NBC News. She lat-
er moved to CNN, anchoring a
weeknight news show before vol-
untarily stepping down in 2010,
conceding she was doing poorly
in the ratings game against the
more opinionated Bill O’Reilly, of
the Fox News Channel, and Keith
Olbermann, then of MSNBC.
Ms. Brown, who worked for a
year as a teacher in what was
then Czechoslovakia, said she
was drawn to the issue of teacher
misconduct from the perspective
of a parent of two young children
who was disgusted by the rat-a-
tat-tat of sexual misconduct
cases seizing headlines; she also
said that she was moved by a re-
cent piece penned by the city
schools chancellor, Dennis M.
Walcott, and that she saw it “as a
clear expression of his frustration
at a broken system.”
Both Ms. Brown and Students-
firstNY, which is run by Micah
Lasher, the mayor’s former chief
lobbyist in Albany, said she was
not paid for her advocacy; and
her husband, Mr. Senor, has
made no financial contributions
to the group as a board member,
she said.
One person drawn into the
skirmish is Steven Ostrin, 59,
who became Exhibit A in Ms.
Brown’s campaign for change.
Accused of telling a sophomore
student that, in her words, “I
could give him a striptease any
time,” as she took a global history
exam in his classroom at Brook-
lyn Technical High School in
March 2005, Mr. Ostrin was found
by an arbitrator not to have so-
licited sex but engaged in “sexual
banter” and was suspended for
six months. Mr. Ostrin previously was ac-
quitted in criminal court of a
charge of endangering the wel-
fare of a child, in connection with
the same encounter. But it was
not his only run-in with the Edu-
cation Department: he had twice
before been admonished for us-
ing profanity, inappropriately
touching students and telling
stories with sexual details. In
2008, the city paid $149,000 each
to two female students — one of
them the girl from the 2005 com-
plaint — who made legal claims
against the city over his behavior. In an interview near his home
on Long Island, he described
himself as a highly creative and
successful teacher whose unor-
thodox style, including the use of
“salty language,” helped count-
less children. Many students rose
to his defense after he was
charged. Still, he admitted he
could take things too far. The city
went to court to overturn the ar-
bitrator’s decision and have Mr.
Ostrin fired. Mr. Ostrin eventu-
ally won the case, but retired on a
disability anyway.
“Did I do, repeatedly, stupid
things that I should have amend-
ed, adjusted?” he said. “Yes.” He
added: “In retrospect, I messed
up a great career.”
Told of Ms. Brown’s mention of
him, which he said he was not fa-
miliar with, Mr. Ostrin asked
what more he could do, “to not
deal with this anymore.”
“I don’t want this to come back
to my life,” he said. “Why do they
keep dragging me through the
mud? I don’t get it.”
Ex-CNN Anchor Joins Debate vs. Unions Over Teacher Misconduct
From Page A14
Steven Ostrin Wading into the
conversation on
television, op-ed
pages and Twitter.
Lawyers for two of five people
now believed to have been
wrongfully convicted in the 1995
murder of a livery-cab driver in
the Bronx asked a state court on
Friday to vacate their convictions
and dismiss the charges against
The filings, which cited newly
discovered evidence, were made
on behalf of Eric Glisson and
Cathy Watkins. They were ar-
rested after the fatal shooting of
the driver, Baithe Diop, and have
been imprisoned ever since, all
the while protesting their inno-
cence. They and three other de-
fendants were convicted over the
course of two trials in 1997.
The filings in State Supreme
Court in the Bronx cited recent
findings by an investigator for
the United States attorney’s of-
fice in Manhattan, which re-
vealed that two former members
of a Bronx narcotics gang who
were cooperating with federal au-
thorities confessed in 2003 to car-
rying out the robbery and shoot-
ing of a livery driver, who turned
out to be Mr. Diop.
The investigator, John O’Mal-
ley, said in an affidavit dated July
30 that the two former gang
members had been unable to
identify their victim and were not
even certain that he had died. Mr.
O’Malley wrote that it was not
until this May that he was able to
make the connection to Mr.
Diop’s death, after receiving a
letter from Mr. Glisson, an in-
mate at Sing Sing prison in Ossi-
ning, N.Y., that contained details
that matched the robbery and
shooting to which the former
gang members had confessed. Mr. O’Malley reported his find-
ings in June to the office of Rob-
ert T. Johnson, the Bronx district
attorney, his affidavit says.
“Clearly, the results of Investi-
gator O’Malley’s investigation
qualify as newly discovered evi-
dence,” Ms. Watkins’s lawyer,
Paul Casteleiro, wrote in his fil-
ing. Mr. Casteleiro argued that had
the information from the former
gang members, Gilbert Vega and
Jose Rodriguez, been available at
trial, it would not only have prob-
ably changed the outcome, “it
would have established Ms. Wat-
kins’s actual innocence.”
Mr. Glisson’s lawyer, Peter A.
Cross, wrote that Mr. O’Malley’s
conclusion that Mr. Vega and Mr.
Rodriguez had committed the
killing alone “stands in stark con-
trast to the multiple and totally
inconsistent statements and tes-
timony” given by a critical pros-
ecution witness. Lawyers for the other defend-
ants convicted in the killing are
expected to file similar motions.
Mr. Johnson’s office had no
comment on Friday. When Mr.
O’Malley’s findings were first re-
ported in an Aug. 3 article in The
New York Times, Mr. Johnson’s
office said, “We certainly believe
that a serious issue like this must
be resolved as soon as possible.” The office said it was gathering
information but had not yet been
able “to resolve all of the ques-
tions that have been raised by
this evidence.”
Mr. Casteleiro said he had “no
expectation” of what Bronx pros-
ecutors would do. “I’m hoping
reason and justice will prevail,”
he said, but he added that he pro-
ceeded with the motion “because
they weren’t doing anything in
the absence of us filing it.”
Court Asked To Nullify
In ’95 Killing
Evidence that others
had confessed to
shooting a cabdriver. gally obligated to get the approv-
al of community boards before
opening shelters, but its policy
requires it to tell them of its plans
ahead of time. Of the nine new shelters, the
city opened three, including the
two in Manhattan, under its
emergency authority, giving little
notice before proceeding. Several
of the other shelters were opened
under normal practices but offi-
cials had moved quickly. The city
told a community board in the
Bronx this week that a 50-unit
homeless shelter would open
within days.
By law, the city is obligated to
supply shelter to people who
have nowhere else to go, though
there are limits to how long they
can stay.
The current shelter census is
the highest ever, officials said;
the number does not represent
the total homeless population in
the city, because some people
avoid the shelter system.
Local officials and neighbor-
hood leaders acknowledged the
need for the shelters, but said the
Bloomberg administration had
moved too abruptly.
Several elected officials spon-
sored a protest this week in front
of the 95th Street buildings,
which are side by side between
West End Avenue and Riverside
Drive. The buildings are private-
ly owned, and the city is paying
roughly $3,300 a unit a month,
with two or three people living in
each unit.
Manhattan’s borough presi-
dent, Scott M. Stringer, said,
“This is no way to meet the needs
of vulnerable citizens in this city
by simply packing in hundreds
and hundreds of people in the
dead of night without a long-
range plan.” Asked what the alternative
should be, Mr. Stringer, a Demo-
crat who is likely to run for may-
or next year, said, “Well, that is
the conundrum.” He added: “You
still need to come to various con-
stituencies to support a long-
term policy to meet a need that is
expanding. It’s easy to throw 400
people in a community without
doing your homework.”
Other community leaders said
they feared that the administra-
tion was rushing to find beds for
homeless people without first en-
suring that there were adequate
social services for them. If not
properly supervised, they said,
the shelters can become rife with
drugs and crime.
“It isn’t because we don’t want
them in our backyard,” said Mark
N. Diller, who is chairman of
Community Board 7 on the Upper
West Side. “It’s that we don’t
want a failure in our backyard.”
A 10-year resident of one of the
buildings, Masako Koga, 48, said
she noticed new security guards
on Monday and was then in-
formed for the first time that
homeless people would soon be
moving in. “There are so many
vacant rooms, though, so I knew
it would be coming soon,” Ms.
Koga said.
Patrick Markee, a senior policy
analyst with the Coalition for the
Homeless, said a weak economy
and rising housing costs were
major factors underlying the rise
in homelessness, particularly for
black and Hispanic families.
“We’re facing the prospect of
more and more shelters opening
in the city,” Mr. Markee said,
“and that creates bad incentives
for landlords to push out low-
income tenants in favor of doing
deals with D.H.S.”
There are 228 homeless shel-
ters in the city, up from 211 in
June 2010. A vast majority of
them are privately run and fi-
nanced by the Department of
Homeless Services.
The Bloomberg administration
acknowledged that the end of Ad-
vantage, which was the city’s sig-
nature program to combat home-
lessness, had played a significant
role in the increase in homeless-
ness. The program gave subsi-
dies to homeless families for up
to two years to help pay for their
apartments if they were em-
ployed. Some families who ex-
hausted their Advantage benefits
are now back in the shelter sys-
The city said last year that it
was discontinuing the program
because the state was dropping
its financial support. “We are in a very difficult envi-
ronment with a very successful
program that ended very abrupt-
ly,” Mr. Diamond, the homeless
services commissioner, said. “At
that point, we said the result
would be a significant increase in
the homeless population. The
tragedy of losing Advantage was
not just that we lost it, but that we
lost it at a time when money was
so tight that it was almost impos-
sible to get it back.”
Tayna Munoz, 29, said that she
had had an Advantage subsidy
for two years, and that once her
eligibility ended, she continued in
her job as an assistant in a den-
tist’s office. But a few months lat-
er, she lost her position, leaving
her unable to afford all the rent
and support her 8-year-old
Evicted from their apartment,
she went to the Homelessness
Department’s Prevention Assist-
ance and Temporary Housing of-
fice in the Bronx to apply for shel-
ter. “My plan was to get help and
save to get my own apartment,”
Ms. Munoz said outside the of-
fice. “Right now, it’s not easy.”
City Acts Quickly on Shelters Amid Sharp Rise in Homelessness
From Page A1
New York City has turned 316 West 95th Street, above,in Man-
hattan and other buildings into shelters. The demand grew with
the phaseout of a rent-subsidy program for families, which once
served Tayna Munoz, left. She is now seeking shelter.
A record demand on a
government system
that isn’t allowed to
A New York City police officer
accused of providing protected
law enforcement information to
the head of a drug-dealing or-
ganization in Jamaica, Queens,
was indicted on Friday by a
grand jury in Federal District
Court in Brooklyn. Police Officer Devon Daniels
was charged with four counts of
accessing a computer database
without authorization and four
counts of making false state-
ments to federal agents during
their investigation. He faces up to 10 years in pris-
on on each of the computer
charges and up to 5 years on each
count of lying to the authorities. Officer Daniels, 30, was arrest-
ed in May after a wiretap by the
Drug Enforcement Administra-
tion found that he had conducted
criminal background checks, li-
cense plate checks and other fa-
vors for Guy Curtis, a heroin
dealer who pleaded guilty in Jan-
uary to federal drug charges,
court documents said. The D.E.A.
began wiretapping Mr. Curtis’s
phone in April 2011, which led to
the discovery of his connection to
Officer Daniels, court documents
said. He is believed to be a long-
time friend of Mr. Curtis, a law
enforcement official briefed on
the case said. Officer Daniels was also ac-
cused of driving Mr. Curtis’s car
to a crime scene where one of the
man’s associates was being ar-
rested and reporting what he
learned to Mr. Curtis, court docu-
ments said.
Officer Daniels has been sus-
pended without pay. His lawyer
could not be reached. Officer Charged With Aiding Drug Ring
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Peter Provet, the head of Odyssey
House, responds to a news article
about investing in a New York City jail
program. Also: A voice against abortion.
ONLINE:MORE LETTERS Mohamed Morsi was forced to respond quickly to his
first security crisis as Egypt’s first freely elected presi-
dent. After 16 Egyptian soldiers were killed by gunmen in
the Sinai Peninsula last Sunday, he dispatched troops to
secure the border, moved to assert control of his security
leadership team and avoided conflict with Israel. It was a
challenging beginning for an inexperienced leader who
had been in office less than two months. The crisis, of course,is far from over. Militants have
operated in the largely lawless Sinai for years, but the re-
gion grew increasingly unstable after President Hosni
Mubarak was toppled in 2011. Security and police forces
retreated from the region, giving Bedouin criminals, Pal-
estinian militants from neighboring Gaza and other mili-
tants wider rein. Finally, violence exploded at the northern border, the
nexus of Israel, Egypt and Gaza. Failure to prevent con-
tinued lawlessness would compound an already fragile sit-
uation and could conceivably unravel the 1979 Egypt-Is-
rael peace treaty.
Much of what is happening is subject to speculation.
On Wednesday,Egypt reportedly sent hundreds of troops
and armored vehicles into the Sinai, while airstrikes by
the military hit several targets. But it was not clear wheth-
er reports in the Egyptian news media that about 20 mili-
tants had been killed and nine others captured were factu-
al or embellished to give the impression of a successful
crackdown. Similarly, the identity of the attackers who killed the
soldiers as they were breaking their Ramadan fast has not
been firmly established. Israel, among others, suspects
the involvement of Al Qaeda-inspired militants with ties to
Palestinians in Gaza. Egyptian leaders need to investigate
thoroughly and be as transparent as possible about what
they find and about the kinds of military operations they
are carrying out.
On Wednesday, Mr. Morsi fired his intelligence chief,
the top military police officer and the governor of North
Sinai — a stunning purge of officials who had been seen as
tied to the old order and/or blamed for security lapses that
contributed to the deaths of the soldiers. But,again,it was
not clear whether Mr. Morsi acted unilaterally or whether
the shake-up was part of a deal with the generals — with
whom he has been engaged in a power struggle — so both
sides could avoid blame. Whatever the truth, Mr. Morsi is
going to have to consider even broader reforms in his se-
curity service.
If Palestinian militants from Gaza were responsible
for the attack, it would be a particular affront to Mr. Morsi,
an Islamist. His party, the Muslim Brotherhood,is allied
with Hamas, which rules Gaza, and he has made a special
effort to work with leaders there. This relationship also
makes his decision to shut down the tunnels used to smug-
gle food, household goods, weapons and militants them-
selves between the Sinai and Gaza, which is under Israeli
blockade, so sensitive. Israel has long viewed these tunnels as a threat. It is
unclear how many of them Mr. Morsi intends to shut or for
how long. He will be under heavy pressure from Hamas to
keep them open because they are a vital link for consumer
goods needed by Gaza citizens. Either way, a longer-term
solution for Gaza is required.
Perhaps the most remarkable development,at this
early stage,is the apparent lack of friction with Israel,
which has not objected to Egypt’s ground-force buildup or
the air missions, despite the fact that the Sinai was largely
demilitarized by the 1979 peace treaty. Now that it is in
power, the Muslim Brotherhood, which has a long history
of antipathy toward Israel, may begin to appreciate the
value of investing in mutual security. Mr. Morsi and his government will have an even
harder time dealing with Egypt’s many problems — in-
cluding rebuilding a shattered economy and creating jobs
— if it has to deal simultaneously with growing militancy
in the Sinai. Egypt and Israel could be forced to finally fig-
ure out how to work together to confront extremism and
improve border security.
President Morsi’s First Crisis
An inexperienced leader must confront competing interests to bring the Sinai under control
The most promising effort in years to restore fairness
and hope to the immigration system begins Wednesday,
when the Obama administration will start accepting appli-
cations from young, undocumented immigrants who want
to be shielded from deportation so they can be free to
work and go to school.
The program to halt deportations is limited, hedged
by detailed rules and not to be confused with broad immi-
gration reform, which is out of reach at a time when antip-
athy to the undocumented runs high in Washington and in
the states. But any progress away from indiscriminate immigra-
tion enforcement, and toward opening pathways to a full-
er involvement in society, is worth noting and celebrating. Under the program, applicants must have been
brought to the United States before turning 16, be under
31, have clean records and have lived here for at least the
last five years. Those who are accepted will not be legal-
ized, even if they are given permission to work. They will
instead be granted two-year deferrals of deportation,
which are renewable. By one estimate, 1.7 million of the country’s 11 million
undocumented immigrants may qualify. Announced by President Obama in June, the program
is not the legalization or path to citizenship that millions
are longing for and deserve. It’s simply a decision by the
Department of Homeland Security, at President Obama’s
instruction, to get its enforcement priorities right — focus-
ing on removing criminals and others who threaten com-
munity safety, not the law-abiding, hard-working young
people who pose no threat and cannot be blamed for their
unauthorized status. There are two major worries as the program unfolds.
One is whether Citizenship and Immigration Services, the
agency that will run the program, can handle the adminis-
trative load. Alejandro Mayorkas, the director, says his
agency is investing in staffing and training, helped along
by the $465 fee charged to each applicant. The agency de-
pends entirely on fees. The other fear is that applicants will fall prey to fraud.
Immigration law is fiendishly complicated, which unscru-
pulous consultants, known as “notarios,” take full advan-
tage of. Applicants who are rejected have no right to ap-
peal and will still risk deportation, especially those whose
paperwork was falsified. The citizenship agency needs to
do all it can to educate applicants and deter scams.
Then there will be the attacks from those who cannot
stomach anything less than the ejection of every last im-
migrant who lacks legal status. This harshness is exempli-
fied by Senator Jeff Sessions, Republican of Alabama, who
denounced the program on Wednesday.
“I cannot overstate the tragedy of this,” he said, doing
just that. His inability to distinguish “criminal aliens”
from the young strivers the United States needs is the rea-
son the country has been forced into administrative half-
measures, rather than real legislative reform. Down Payment on a Dream
A program that will shield young people from deportation and free them to seek jobs
Two years ago, right-wing interests in Iowa ran a suc-
cessful campaign to remove three sitting State Supreme
Court justices for participating in a unanimous ruling in
2009 that permitted same-sex marriage. The damage in-
cluded, of course, the individual judges, but,beyond that,
it sent exactly the wrong message about the need to keep
judicial decision-making — and the judiciary’s role in pro-
tecting fundamental rights — above the political fray. It is thus dismaying to find Iowa’s Republican Party,
which had no formal role in the antiretention campaign
two years ago, at the forefront of the latest effort to oust
yet another worthy state justice, David Wiggins, who is up
for a yes-or-no retention vote on November’s ballot.
Last week, the chairman of the Republican Party in
Iowa,A.J. Spiker, issued a statement applauding the re-
moval of the three justices in 2010 and calling on voters to
inflict the same punishment on Justice Wiggins for joining
the other Democratic and Republican appointees on the
seven-member court in deciding that the state could not
deny marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Granting gay and lesbian couples the freedom to mar-
ry has done nothing to weaken the institution of marriage
in Iowa. And,for most Iowans at this point, the issue does
not loom large. Even so, Mr. Spiker appears to believe that sympa-
thizing with social conservatives committed to defeating
Justice Wiggins will encourage a big turnout by the par-
ty’s base in a presidential election year and also help Re-
publicans wrest control of the State Senate from Demo-
crats. But stoking intolerance and further politicizing a re-
tention election meant to weed out incompetent or corrupt
judges is an unacceptable strategy.
The state’s Republican governor, Terry Branstad,
who admirably opposed calls to impeach judges who took
part in the marriage ruling, unfortunately has shied from
criticizing Mr. Spiker. Justice Wiggins responded to the campaign with an
argument based on civics. “Our system is built on checks
and balances between independent branches of govern-
ment,” he said. “Two of those branches are designed to be
political. It is unfortunate that Mr. Spiker apparently
thinks that all three branches should be political.” It is unclear how much money and muscle Mr. Spiker
will put into trying to oust the justice.But there are other
efforts afoot to get rid of Justice Wiggins, likely with lots
of money from out-of-state interest groups, much of it un-
disclosed thanks to the sorry state of campaign finance
rules. What is abundantly clear is that Justice Wiggins can-
not make the same high-minded mistake his three col-
leagues made two years ago when they chose not to wage
a serious, determined campaign. Leaders of the Iowa bar and others who support Jus-
tice Wiggins should become similarly engaged. The fight
isn’t just about a single judge, however important that is.
It is about the future of a fair and independent judiciary. Politics, Intolerance and Fair Courts
“A Hospital Chain’s Inquiry Cited Un-
needed Treatment” (front page, Aug. 7)
highlights the important issues of clin-
ical decision-making and the appropri-
ate use of medical technology. The vast majority of cardiologists are
caring doctors who work hard to stay in-
formed and make the best decisions for
their patients. The American College of
Cardiology has established criteria for
the use of stents and other procedures
that are based on the best available sci-
ence to help inform such decisions. We also have numerous educational
programs to disseminate knowledge,
and data registries to evaluate quality lo-
cally and nationally. Our concern is that
isolated high-profile cases like these
might provide a distorted image and
erode trust between patients and their
cardiologists, interfering with important
communication. We encourage an open dialogue be-
tween patients and doctors about the op-
tions for treatment of blocked arteries,
like medications, stents or surgery,
which depend on many factors including
symptoms and the extent and severity of
Even with established criteria, treat-
ment decisions are complex and involve
patient preferences and individual cir-
cumstances. The best decisions come
from an informed doctor, an informed
patient and an open dialogue.
Pres., American College of Cardiology
Houston, Aug. 7, 2012
Left unsaid in your article is that
many of the frameworks for evaluating
quality in hospitals do not include wheth-
er the procedures being evaluated were
actually needed or if the initial diagnosis
that led to the procedure was correct;
most just assess whether the procedure
was done correctly or resulted in compli-
cations or readmissions. The article underscores that doctors’
diagnostic acumen, clinical reasoning
and decision-making skills, scientifically
accurate information about the appropri-
ateness of given procedures, and a com-
mitment to the highest ethical standards
are the essential ingredients for quality.
Without these, it doesn’t matter what
structures, systems or payment incen-
tives are in place.
President and Chief Executive
American Board of Internal Medicine
Philadelphia, Aug. 9, 2012
Could there be any better example of
how and why our for-profit health care
system doesn’t work? There is a basic conflict between the
goal of maximizing profit at every level
and the goal of actually providing health
care to those who need it.
Private, for-profit medicine has failed.
When will we cut our losses and admit
that the socialized or nationalized deliv-
ery systems that the rest of the modern
world uses work far better by just about
any measure? NANCY O’HAGAN
Portland, Me., Aug. 8, 2012
The writer is a medical anthropologist
who studies global health care delivery
Heart Procedures and the Health System
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Re “Erasing the Past at the Ghost
Hospital,” by Lawrence Downes (Sun-
day Observer, Aug. 5):
I was committed to Kings Park Psy-
chiatric Center on Long Island as a
teenager in the 1960s after a series of
suicide attempts. Having experienced
the abuses of institutional life, I ex-
pected to rejoice at news of the hospi-
tal’s bulldozing. Instead, I feel grief. Little is being done to mark the pass-
ing of this chapter in the history of our
health care system. I fear that if we fail
to learn from the past, we will go on to
repeat many of the same mistakes. State hospitals were closed to save
money. The promise was that savings
would be invested in community mental
health care. This never happened, and
we are living with the fallout from this
broken social contract. Today, we rarely abandon people to
life sentences in overcrowded hospitals
without access to treatment. Instead,
we rely on the penal system to shut peo-
ple away.
I directed a documentary about Kings
Park. In my travels with the film, people
confide in me — usually in whispers —
about their struggles. We’re taught in
our society to fear mental illness, so we
continue to try to hide it. But as the past
teaches, this effort doesn’t work and
costs us dearly.LUCY WINER New York, Aug. 7, 2012
The writer’s documentary is “Kings
Park: Stories From an American Mental
Life in a Mental Hospital
Re “Study Finds More of Earth Is
Hotter and Says Global Warming Is at
Work” (news article, Aug. 7):
The new paper by James E. Hansen,
a NASA climate scientist, and two col-
leagues addresses a crucial difficulty
many people have in differentiating
weather and climate. During hot spells, for example, more
people accept that climate is changing,
but a colder spell reverses those opin-
ions. Everybody understands weather: it’s
hot, cold, raining, snowing, windy and so
on. Fewer people understand that a re-
gion’s climate is the frequency of such
weather events: how often does it rain or
get hotter than, say, 90 degrees? The Hansen paper shows that these
frequencies have changed substantially,
both globally and throughout the North-
ern Hemisphere. Hot and very hot days
have become more frequent; very cold
days less frequent. The paper shows that
there is more than a “perception” that
climate change is occurring. The data
show that change is real and substantial. The frequencies have shifted dramati-
cally over the last half-century, espe-
cially for the most extreme weather
events. The implication is that even
more extreme weather is in the offing
unless greenhouse gas emissions are
quickly brought under control.
Boulder, Colo., Aug. 7, 2012
The writer is the author of “America’s
Climate Problem: The Way Forward.” Signs of Climate Change
Re “After Safe Landing, a Rover
Sends Images From Mars” (news arti-
cle, Aug. 7):
The landing of the terrific Curiosity
rover on Mars has rightly thrilled the
world, and the nation’s leaders are tak-
ing a bow. “If anyone has been harbor-
ing doubts about the status of U.S. lead-
ership in space,” the president’s science
adviser, John P. Holdren, said, “well,
there’s a one-ton automobile-size piece
of American ingenuity. And it’s sitting
on the surface of Mars right now.” But alas, the Curiosity mission is a
legacy of the Bush administration, be-
gun by one NASA administrator, Sean
O’Keefe, and rammed through to com-
pletion over the objections of vocal crit-
ics by his gutsy successor, Mike Griffin,
who also initiated the Maven Mars or-
biter, scheduled for launching next year. The Obama administration, however,
has no plans to continue in like vein. Far
from it. It has canceled NASA’s plans for
joint Mars missions with the Europeans
in 2016 and 2018 and is proposing to
butcher the program budget.
The figures speak for themselves.
This year’s NASA Mars exploration
budget is $587 million. The administra-
tion is proposing to cut that to $360.8
million in fiscal year 2013, $227.7 million
in 2014, and $188.7 million in 2015, a level
that would effectively put the nation out
of the Mars exploration business.
If America is to remain the vanguard
of humanity’s reach into space, we need
to reject such folly.ROBERT ZUBRIN
Golden, Colo., Aug. 7, 2012
The writer is an astronautical engineer,
president of the Mars Society and author
of “The Case for Mars: The Plan to Set-
tle the Red Planet and Why We Must.” Our Emissary on Mars, Budget Woes on Earth Ø
If you are an unemployed young
American, right now you are probably
asking yourself: what are the job oppor-
tunities of the future? Opportunities
more remunerative than unpaid intern-
ships and more accessible than, say,
synchronized swimming?
Consider a career as a political track-
er. The trackers are the people hired to
follow around a candidate’s opponent
and record every single thing he says or
does. Maybe he’ll get tired and admit to
an audience that he forged his college
diploma or that he’s wanted for cattle
rustling in Wyoming. Probably not. But
it is possible that he’ll casually tell a
questioner that he prays the media will
stop covering “sob stories” about how
someone “couldn’t get, you know, their
food stamps or this or that.” Which did
actually happen the other day in Wis-
So no campaign should be without an
opposition tracker. Honestly, if a candi-
date for the U.S. Senate is not being con-
stantly trailed by some earnest young
person with an HD camera, it means
that she is so hopelessly behind in the
polls that nobody cares if she crashes
her car into an Adopt-a-Pet van. It’s sort
of insulting. I’ll bet there are borderline
candidates out there who hire someone
to pose as a tracker just so people will
think they’re being taken seriously.
You may be wondering about job re-
quirements. Chris Harris, the spokes-
man for American Bridge 21st Century,
a Democratic research organization
that employs 18 trackers, says they
need to be “part cinematographer and
part political operative” as well as “gen-
erally versed in policy and history.” However, the most critical qualifica-
tion for a tracker is to know what the
trackee looks like. This came up re-
cently in Indiana when a man who was
hired to track Representative Joe Don-
nelly, the Democratic Senate candidate,
mistakenly wound up tailing a criminal
court judge named Jose Salinas, who
believed that he was being stalked by
an aggrieved former defendant and
went to the police.
Also, trackers should be careful not to
ask the person they’re trailing for med-
ical help. In Arizona, a man who was
filming the every move of the Demo-
cratic Senate candidate Richard Carmo-
na mentioned that he had a strange
bump on his leg and Carmona, who
used to be the U.S. surgeon general, di-
agnosed a possible hematoma. The ex-
amination was filmed by the Carmona
campaign, which,of course,had track-
ers tracking the trackers.
You do not need this sort of basic op-
eration on the presidential level be-
cause every single word any candidate
says is instantly recorded by hundreds
of cameras and cellphones and magic
little boxes that no one over the age of
23 knows about, but which,I under-
stand,can take images and turn them
into robot holograms capable of doing
basic household chores. So the presidential campaigns have to
go the extra mile. Right now Mitt Rom-
ney is off on a four-day bus tour, and the
Obama forces are following the same
route in a bus full of Massachusetts
state legislators from the Mitt era,
called “Romney Economics: The Mid-
dle Class Under the Bus.” (Everything
about the Romney campaign seems
somehow connected to transit: buses,
horses, car elevators, dogs strapped to
the car roof.)
“We’re going ahead of his route,” said
Brad Woodhouse, the communications
director for the Democratic National
Committee. “We don’t want to directly
confront him. We don’t honk horns and
act childish like his campaign does.”
Tracking first became a glamour ca-
reer in 2006, when Senator George Allen
of Virginia saw one in the crowd, an-
nounced he wanted a campaign of “pos-
itive, constructive ideas” and then jo-
vially and repeatedly referred to a
young Indian-American who was film-
ing him as “macaca.” It pretty much un-
did Allen’s campaign, and he lost his re-
election race. Although he’s running
again now. Nobody ever goes away in this busi-
ness, people. Eliot Spitzer has a new ca-
ble TV show. John McCain is still in the
Senate. Just when you thought you’d
gotten them out, they’re back in again.
There was a time when recording a
candidate’s every motion would have
been regarded as impolite. In the 19th
century, when reporters first started
showing up on the campaign trail, poli-
ticians would refuse to give their stump
speech because there was a person in
the crowd who was trying to write down
the exact words. Totally unfair.
But that was long ago, when a good
political campaign involved rousing,
three-hour speeches and people rolling
huge balls from town to town to demon-
strate their partisan commitment, and
torchlight parades and drunken attacks
on your opponent’s parades and balls.
Nobody even knew what the candidates
looked like. And voter participation was
nearly twice as high as it is now that
we’ve had the opportunity to see abso-
lutely everything that goes on. Ø
GAIL COLLINS Become AStar Tracker
Nothing is really
happening unless the
opposition has it on tape.
I’ve been known to say that I was
present at the creation of “shareholder
It’s an exaggeration, of course. But in
1982 —literally half a lifetime ago for me
— I wrote an article about the first big
takeover attempt by T. Boone Pickens.
One of his central justifications for the
takeover movement that he helped
spawn was that company managements
didn’t care enough about the company’s
owners, a k a the shareholders. Their
cash-based compensation wasn’t prop-
erly aligned with the desires of share-
holders. Shareholders, he believed, need
to assert their primacy —and force exec-
utives to start paying attention to the
price of their companies’ stock. I later
learned that Pickens was not the first
person to make this argument — aca-
demics had already created the theory
that undergirds it. But,at the time,it was
still a pretty radical view.
As the expression goes, be careful
what you wish for. Shareholder value has
long since become the mantra of the busi-
ness culture. Corporate boards shower
executives with stock options to “align”
them with shareholders. “Underperform-
ing” companies find themselves under
siege from activist investors. Increasing
shareholder involvement is viewed as
the way to fix whatever ails corporate
governance. Over time, “maximizing
shareholder value” became viewed as
the primary task of the corporation. And, well, you can see the results all
around you. They’re not pretty. Too
many chief executives succumb to the
pressure to boost short-term earnings at
the expense of long-term value creation.
After all, their compensation depends on
it. In the lead-up to the financial crisis —
to take just one extreme example — fi-
nancial institutions took on far too much
risk in search of easy profits that would
lead to a higher stock price. Now, though, it feels as if we are at the
dawn of a new movement —one aimed at
overturning the hegemony of sharehold-
er value. Lynn Stout, a Cornell University
law professor, has written a new book,
“The Shareholder Value Myth,” in which
she argues that there is nothing in the
law that supports the idea that share-
holders should be the only constituency
that matters. Other academics, such as
Roger Martin, the highly regarded dean
of the Rotman School of Management at
the University of Toronto,are critical of
the emphasis on shareholder value. A
number of chief executives, such as How-
ard Schultz of Starbucks, have said that
companies need to have a larger purpose
than merely raising the stock price.
And,most recently, in the Harvard
Business Review, Jay W. Lorsch, a pro-
fessor at Harvard Business School, and
Justin Fox, the editorial director of the
HBR Group (and a former colleague of
mine at Fortune), published an article en-
titled, “What Good Are Shareholders?”
Not much, is their answer.
One of their arguments is that the calls
for increased shareholder democracy are
misguided; shareholders, they write,
simply aren’t particularly well-suited to
be “corporate bosses.” They are too dif-
fuse, and too short-term-oriented, espe-
cially now that high-frequency trading
dominates the market. Indeed, despite
the increased emphasis on shareholders
the past few decades, companies haven’t
gotten noticeably better.
A second argument, though, is that the
central idea that led us to elevate share-
holders above all others is off-base. Ac-
cording to the reigning academic theory,
shareholders are “principals” and man-
agement serves as their “agent.” Thus, it
is the job of the principals to keep the
agents in line. But, said Fox, “The more
you treat executives that way, the more
they are going to act like mercenaries,
and the more they get away from seeing
themselves as stewards of an organ-
ization with lasting value.”
“Look at almost any company that has
lasted,” he continued. “It is inevitably be-
cause executives see themselves as try-
ing to move the organization forward,
and not because they are incented by
their pay package to maximize the share
Lorsch, for his part, says that he be-
lieves that “the function of business in a
society is not just a return to investors,
but to provide goods and services, pro-
vide employment, pay taxes, and so on.”
A half-dozen other business school pro-
fessors I spoke to held similar views. To
the extent this new movement is taking
root, it is in business schools.
Still, it is hard to know yet whether this
new movement will have legs. Measuring
chief executives on the basis of their
companies’ stock prices is easy to un-
derstand — that was always part of its
appeal. Those who want to change that,
including Lorsch and Fox, have strug-
gled to come up with breakthrough ideas
that would be similarly appealing. Be-
sides, shareholder value is so deeply en-
trenched, it will be difficult to dislodge.
On the other hand, the other day,
Marissa Mayer, the new chief executive
at Yahoo, ordered that the stock ticker be
removed from the company’s internal
home page. “I want you thinking about
users,” she told employees, according to
The Wall Street Journal. That’s progress.
How the stock price
became the
Putting too much stock in presidential
polls before the party conventions can be
tricky. They are meaningful because
they offer a snapshot of the state of play
at the moment, but they are hardly pre-
dictive because many voters don’t truly
engage until the election draws nearer.
That said, a series of recent polls
paints a worrisome picture for Mitt Rom-
ney in the run-up to his party’s national
convention. Three polls — from CNN/
ORC, Fox News and Reuters/Ipsos —
were released this week. President Oba-
ma’s lead over Romney ranged from 7
points to 9 points.
The Fox News poll showed Obama
with his highest level of support this
So what gives? Is this real? Is it a
fluke? It’s hard to say, but there are some
Romney spends so much time hiding,
dodging and trying to say nothing spe-
cific that when he does show up — and
speak up — he bungles it. Dealing with
the details is a skill that must be prac-
ticed on the campaign trail. Romney
seemed to think that he could run out the
clock, coast on electoral contempt for
Obama, and sneak into the White House.
Wrong! So the more his campaign
speaks and is pressed, the more it slips
up. To wit, he recently had a disastrous
overseas trip, starting fires of contro-
versy wherever the wheels of his plane
touched the tarmac. The Obama campaign and its support-
ers have been incredibly aggressive, vi-
cious even, in going after Romney and
trying to define him as out of touch and
elitist. Many attacks have been fair —
others not so — but they may be be-
ginning to stick. According to a recent
report in The New York Times, “Presi-
dent Obama has spent more campaign
cash more quickly than any incumbent
in recent history.” The Obama campaign seems to be
gambling that if it defines Romney early
in the minds of voters, no amount of late
spending by Romney and the massive
“super PACs” that support him will be
able to undo it. The theory is simple real-
ly: It’s impossible to separate the soda
from the sugar when it’s already baked
into the cake. This is not at all unlike
what Karl Rove and George W. Bush did
to John Kerry in 2004, and it worked. Of
course, that Obama and his advisers
would parrot Bush and Rove is a deli-
cious irony. (It should be pointed out that
at this point in the 2004 campaign, Ker-
ry’s favorability rating was actually
higher than Bush’s,and he still lost.
Romney’s favorability has never been
higher than Obama’s and recently has
been moving in a downward direction.)
The electorate is suffering a crippling
crisis of confidence in the candidate.
When Fox News asked respondents:
“Regardless of how you would vote, how
comfortable would you be with Mitt
Romney as president?” only 26 percent
said extremely or very comfortable. Sev-
enty-one percent of those polled said
that they would be only somewhat com-
fortable or not comfortable at all. When
asked to give the main reason for their
discomfort, the No. 1 reason was his posi-
tion on issues, but reasons No. 2 and 3
were that he’s phony or dishonest and
he’s out of touch. By comparison, 41 per-
cent of respondents said that they would
be extremely or very comfortable with
Obama as president for four more years.
Being phony or dishonest appears eighth
on the list of reasons people gave for say-
ing they were not comfortable or only
somewhat comfortable with Obama, and
being out of touch didn’t even register.
Furthermore, when CNN asked respond-
ents, regardless of whom they support-
ed,who they thought would win in No-
vember, they favored Obama over Rom-
ney by nearly two to one.
Romney is one of the worst presi-
dential candidates in recent memory. He
is stiff and awkward and inconsistent
and struggles to connect with people.
His track record is all over the place.
And he’s willing to say anything and em-
brace anyone to further his ambitions,
which is as distasteful a character trait
as they come. If you are straightforward
with folks, they may disagree with you
but most will at least respect you. I’m
not sure that Romney ever learned that
lesson. His “by any means necessary”
approach is by all measures repugnant. Now things are by no means settled.
To the contrary, they are just about to
heat up. Republicans have boatloads of
money and a burning desire to unseat
this president. They also have a host of
voter suppression laws working in their
favor, many in battleground states. And
a growing sense of comfort among Dem-
ocrats could lead to a loss of energy and
lower turnouts. But voters’ discomfort with Romney
and his own side’s lack of faith in him
will be high hurdles to clear come No-
Stay tuned. Ø
CHARLES M. BLOW Wrong-Track Romney
Current polls
don’t look good
for Mitt Romney.
“Regardless of how you would vote, how comfortable would you be with...”
“Regardless of whom you support, and trying to be as objective as possible, who do you think will win the election in November?”
Discomfort and Disbelief
Interviews with 1,010 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on Aug. 7-8, 2012
Interviews with 1,045 registered voters conducted by telephone under the joint direction of Anderson Robbins Research and Shaw & Company Research
on Aug. 5-7, 2012
Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
as president
(Percentage responding “extremely comfortable”
or “somewhat comfortable.”)
Barack Obama
as president for four more years
Barack Obama
By Martha Southgate
ULLEN JONES and Lia Neal
were among the many swim-
mers to win medals for the
United States in this year’s
Olympic Games. But their in-
spiring performances obscure a dis-
turbing truth. Not only are they, as Afri-
can-Americans, anomalies in the
elite levels of their sport, but
enormous numbers of African-
Americans do not have even ru-
dimentary swimming skills, a
lack that costs lives. A 2010 study by the USA Swim-
ming Foundation and the Uni-
versity of Memphis reported that
nearly 70 percent of African-
American children do not know
how to swim. According to the
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, African-American
children between the ages of 5
and 14 are almost three times
more likely to drown than white
children. Cullen Jones could have been
one of them; his parents put him
in swim class after he almost
drowned at the age of 5. Jones
has become an evangelist for the
importance of swimming les-
sons, working with Make a
Splash, a water-safety initiative
focused on minority children. But
it can be tough even to give
swimming lessons away. Start-
ing last fall, the Boys and Girls
Clubs of Boston made swimming
lessons mandatory for their members,
who are predominantly black and His-
panic. Though the lessons were free of
charge, a number of parents had to be
talked into allowing their children to
participate: they were terrified of let-
ting them get in the water. This bears out the USA Swimming
Foundation’s finding,in its 2010 report,
that “fear trumped financial concerns
across all respondent race groups in
low-income families.” Regardless of race, the poor lack ac-
cess to pools and swimming lessons.
Around 40 percent of white children and
60 percent of Hispanic children do not
know how to swim — they,too, could
benefit from free or affordable lessons.
But why is the problem worse among
African-Americans, many of whom,
across all economic classes, lack confi-
dence in the water? A large part of that
unease is a legacy of slavery and segre-
gation. It has been documented that before
slavery, many West Africans could and
did swim. But a slave who could swim
was a slave with another means of es-
cape, so slave owners went to great
lengths to make it impossible to keep
this skill alive. Later, segregation took its ugly toll at
public beaches and pools. According to
the historian Jeff Wiltse in an NPR in-
terview, “whites set up, essentially, sen-
tinel guards at the entrance to the pool,
and when black swimmers tried to
come in and access them, they were
beaten up, sometimes with clubs.” One
white motel manager was caught on
camera pouring acid into a pool in
which blacks were staging a “swim-in.”
Institutionalized racism was shored up
by specious scholarship, like a 1969 re-
port titled “The Negro and Learning to
Swim: The Buoyancy Problem Related
to Reported Biological Difference.” Sadly, the fear of water that was in-
stilled in African-Americans back then
has become self-perpetuating. “Don’t
you know blacks don’t swim?” Jones re-
members being told by members of his
family.It’s time to bury that stereotype
at sea. As of 2010, 15 European countries
had made swimming a compulsory part
of their education curriculums.Ideally,
the United States would do the same.
Not likely, I know, when even dry land
physical education programs are being
slashed. But we can and should do bet-
ter. This country is blessed with a net-
work of community centers like the
Y.M.C.A. and the Boys and Girls Clubs
that have swimming programs, instruc-
tors and pools in place. These centers
could take Boston’s example and make
swimming lessons mandatory,
which would benefit their clien-
tele, regardless of its racial
makeup. Public schools (and par-
ticularly charter schools, many
of which have extended their
school years into summer’s heat)
could devote part of each sum-
mer to shuttling their students to
swim programs. Another model is the public-
private partnership, like Hori-
zons National, an academic sum-
mer program that partners low-
income schools with independent
schools and colleges that have
access to swimming pools.
Here’s a quote (posted on the
program’s Web site) from one
participant: “When I started Ho-
rizons I was so afraid of the wa-
ter that I would not even go in
the shallow end. Learning how to
swim and overcoming that fear
helped me realize that I could do
anything.” Who said this? Alger-
non Kelley, who now has a Ph.D.
in chemistry and lectured at Xa-
vier University of Louisiana. The best way to eliminate the
culture of anxiety around swim-
ming is to create thousands of little Afri-
can-American swimmers who are not
afraid. I was one of those swimmers —
never elite but always joyous. My par-
ents packed me and my siblings off to
the pool at our local community center
as soon as we were old enough, and I
became the kind of kid who would get
out of the water only when my lips were
blue. How wonderful if more children
could feel the joy and confidence I feel
when I’m swimming — and be safer
around the water, too. The United States faces immense
problems of all kinds, many of which are
more pressing than teaching children to
swim. But for a mother who stands
screaming on the shore as her child
goes under for the last time, not know-
ing how to swim is the biggest problem
there is. Ø
Water Damage
Why do so few black children know
how to swim?
Martha Southgate is the author, most re-
cently, of the novel “The Taste of Salt.” Corporations have co-opted the
tactics of grass-roots mobilization to
fend off protests or put pressure on the
government, Edward T. Walker writes.
Metropolitan Forecast
High 84. A slow-moving cold front and an
area of low pressure will bring unsettled
weather. There will be a couple of showers
and heavy thunderstorms.
............Showers or thunderstorms
Low 70. Showers or thunderstorms will
continue to affect parts of the area
through the evening. Heavy rain and
strong wind are still possible. The activity
should wane a bit later at night.
................................Partly sunny
High 85. The weather will try to improve
as the low pressure system and cold front
move farther east. If the front moves too
slowly, however, spotty showers or thun-
derstorms could linger.
....................................Mostly sunny
A small area of high pressure will move
into the area to bring dry weather with
some sunshine. The day will be season-
ably warm with low to moderate humidity
Another slow-moving low pressure system
and a cold front will cause thunderstorms
Tuesday into Wednesday. Highs will be 86
on Tuesday and 85 on Wednesday.
A slow-moving cold front acting upon a
warm, very humid air mass will produce
showers and thunderstorms. In addition to
flooding downpours, some thunderstorms
can produce strong wind gusts. Away from
the storms, there will be a gentle to mod-
erate breeze from the south and ocean
waves will average 2-3 feet.
An unusually strong storm system for
the middle of August will continue to
produce cool winds and areas of rain
around part of the Great Lakes today.
Downpours and waterspouts are forecast
around Lakes Erie and Ontario.
Meanwhile, a cool front associated with
the storm system will spread flash flooding
problems and gusty thunderstorms from
Maine to Florida and the central Gulf
Coast. Cooler, less humid air will reach into
more of the southern Plains and the interi-
or South. A disturbance crossing the Can-
ada Prairies will dip south to bring showers
and thunderstorm to part of the northern
and central Plains.
Heat will continue to bake much of the
West with spotty, but intense storms firing
up over the interior.
High High
Color bands
indicate water
87/74 Thunderstorms
Virginia Beach
82/72 Thunderstorms
Ocean City Md.
84/68 A couple of storms
Eastern Shore
82/72 Showers, heavy storms
N.J. Shore
83/71 Showers, heavy storms
L.I. South Shore
84/67 Showers, heavy storms
L.I. North Shore
82/71 Showers, heavy storms
Cape Cod
76/67 Showers, thunderstorms
Today’s forecast
St. Paul
New York
Baton Rouge
Little Rock
Sioux Falls
n Francisco
Los s A
os Angeles
San n Die
n iego
Salt Lak
anta Fe
El Pa
Ft. W
Oklahoma City
San Anton
Corpus Christi
Des Moine
St. Louis
Much of the country has experienced hotter than normal weather this summer. The pattern that contributed to the record-setting heat is now breaking down, and there will be lower temperatures from the northern Plains into the East this weekend.
Highlight: Pattern of Hot Weather Breaks Down
high 98°
high 83°
low 69°
low 55°
2 p.m.
Metropolitan Almanac
In Central Park for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
............. +2.6°this month
Avg. daily departure
from normal
................ +3.5°
Avg. daily departure
from normal
this year
Reservoir levels
(New York City water supply)
............... 83%Yesterday
............. 88%Est. normal
Precipitation (in inches)
............... 0.24Yesterday
.................... 4.64Record
For the last 30 days
..................... 4.67Actual
.................... 4.70Normal
For the last 365 days
................... 61.05Actual
.................. 49.92Normal
Air pressure Humidity
Cooling Degree Days
........... 29.92 1 a.m.High
............ 29.79 4 p.m.Low
............. 97% 1 p.m.High
.............. 81% 9 a.m.Low
An index of fuel consumption that tracks how
far the day’s mean temperature rose above 65
Chart shows how recent temperature and precipitation
trends com
are with those of the last 30 y
................................................................... 10Yesterday
...................................................... 141So far this month
........................ 890So far this season (since January 1)
................................. 750Normal to date for the season
Last 10 days
30 days
90 days
365 days
Below Above
Below Above
<0 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 100+
Weather patterns shown as expected at noon today, Eastern time.
High/low temperatures for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 16 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Expected conditions for today and tomorrow.
C ....................... Clouds
F ............................ Fog
H .......................... Haze
I ............................... Ice
PC ............ Partly cloudy
R ........................... Rain
Sh ................... Showers
S .............................Sun
Sn ....................... Snow
SS ......... Snow showers
T .......... Thunderstorms
Tr ........................ Trace
W ....................... Windy
–.............. Not available
Recreational Forecast
Sun, Moon and Planets
Weather Report
Meteorology by AccuWeather
National Forecast
New First Quarter Full Last Quarter
Aug. 17 Aug. 24 Aug. 31 Sep. 8
Beach and Ocean Temperatures
11:53 a.m. 9:56 a.m. RISE
6:02 a.m.
7:59 p.m.
6:03 a.m.
12:54 a.m.
3:39 p.m.
11:31 a.m.
10:46 p.m.
12:28 a.m.
3:32 p.m.
1:14 a.m.
11:25 a.m.
10:28 p.m.
2:34 a.m.
5:06 p.m.
United States Yesterday Today Tomorrow
N.Y.C. region Yesterday Today Tomorrow
84/ 70 T 85/ 68 PC
Bridgeport 83/ 71 1.75 80/ 71 T 84/ 68 PC
Caldwell 81/ 69 1.13 82/ 66 T 86/ 65 PC
Danbury 80/ 72 0.59 84/ 64 T 82/ 61 PC
Islip 82/ 72 1.64 82/ 70 T 85/ 68 PC
Newark 82/ 72 0.46 84/ 69 T 87/ 67 PC
Trenton 79/ 70 0.23 84/ 66 T 86/ 65 PC
White Plains 79/ 70 0.76 81/ 66 T 83/ 65 PC
Albany 75/ 69 0.50 82/ 64 T 82/ 62 PC
Albuquerque 93/ 70 0 95/ 69 PC 95/ 68 PC
Anchorage 67/ 55 0 68/ 56 S 68/ 56 S
Atlanta 84/ 69 0 86/ 65 PC 89/ 67 PC
Atlantic City 79/ 75 0.37 82/ 72 T 84/ 70 PC
Austin 105/ 72 0 100/ 73 PC 101/ 74 S
Baltimore 84/ 70 0.29 86/ 66 T 86/ 62 PC
Baton Rouge 92/ 75 0.01 92/ 70 PC 94/ 74 PC
Birmingham 83/ 67 0 87/ 64 PC 91/ 64 S
Boise 96/ 61 0 94/ 62 S 98/ 64 S
Boston 82/ 70 0.01 82/ 70 T 86/ 69 PC
Buffalo 78/ 63 0.02 74/ 63 T 76/ 64 PC
Burlington 77/ 68 0.84 82/ 66 T 83/ 63 Sh
Casper 94/ 62 0 87/ 51 PC 88/ 57 PC
Charlotte 83/ 69 Tr 84/ 66 PC 89/ 67 PC
Chattanooga 84/ 66 Tr 85/ 61 PC 89/ 62 S
Chicago 74/ 58 0.18 78/ 60 S 80/ 65 PC
Cincinnati 78/ 58 0.52 80/ 56 PC 81/ 62 PC
Cleveland 76/ 61 0.78 72/ 62 C 77/ 64 PC
Colorado Springs 85/ 61 0 90/ 60 T 85/ 56 PC
Columbus 79/ 59 0.44 77/ 58 C 79/ 61 S
Concord, N.H. 82/ 66 0.51 81/ 65 T 87/ 62 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 97/ 71 0 98/ 78 S 101/ 78 PC
Denver 92/ 64 0 92/ 59 T 89/ 59 PC
Des Moines 76/ 57 0 80/ 62 PC 77/ 60 T
Detroit 73/ 61 0.19 74/ 61 Sh 79/ 63 S
El Paso 98/ 75 0 96/ 73 S 98/ 76 S
Fargo 77/ 56 0 74/ 59 PC 77/ 56 T
Hartford 85/ 70 0.49 82/ 67 T 87/ 64 PC
Honolulu 88/ 74 0 88/ 73 S 88/ 72 S
Houston 97/ 75 0 95/ 77 PC 95/ 77 PC
Indianapolis 75/ 58 0.02 80/ 56 PC 80/ 64 PC
Jackson 89/ 69 0.30 88/ 66 PC 92/ 67 PC
Jacksonville 92/ 71 0 92/ 72 T 92/ 72 T
Kansas City 83/ 59 0 86/ 66 S 88/ 63 T
Key West 89/ 81 0.17 88/ 80 T 89/ 83 PC
Las Vegas 109/ 89 0 109/ 88 S 108/ 88 PC
Lexington 77/ 56 0.17 80/ 54 PC 82/ 60 S
Little Rock 96/ 65 0 89/ 62 S 91/ 71 S
Los Angeles 94/ 70 0 90/ 70 S 86/ 65 S
Louisville 79/ 60 0.01 82/ 58 PC 85/ 67 PC
Memphis 91/ 65 0 88/ 64 S 91/ 69 S
Miami 85/ 77 0.90 91/ 78 T 91/ 80 PC
Milwaukee 72/ 59 0.02 74/ 61 PC 76/ 63 PC
Mpls.-St. Paul 78/ 56 0 78/ 62 PC 74/ 58 T
Nashville 84/ 61 0.02 82/ 58 PC 88/ 67 S
New Orleans 89/ 76 0.04 90/ 75 PC 91/ 76 PC
Norfolk 88/ 76 0 88/ 74 T 85/ 71 PC
Oklahoma City 94/ 66 0 98/ 72 S 100/ 73 S
Omaha 83/ 57 0 82/ 66 PC 82/ 60 PC
Orlando 93/ 74 0.11 93/ 75 T 92/ 76 T
Philadelphia 81/ 73 1.17 86/ 70 T 86/ 68 PC
Phoenix 113/ 89 0 111/ 89 S 111/ 91 S
Pittsburgh 79/ 62 0.01 72/ 58 C 78/ 58 PC
Portland, Me. 72/ 66 0.50 77/ 68 T 81/ 65 PC
Portland, Ore. 81/ 56 0 88/ 58 S 89/ 58 S
Providence 83/ 73 0.14 82/ 70 T 85/ 67 PC
Raleigh 85/ 71 0.02 86/ 67 T 89/ 68 PC
Reno 101/ 63 0 100/ 64 S 100/ 66 PC
Richmond 86/ 72 0.08 86/ 68 T 88/ 69 PC
Rochester 77/ 64 0.05 79/ 63 T 79/ 63 PC
Sacramento 101/ 62 0 102/ 63 S 101/ 63 S
Salt Lake City 96/ 69 0.02 90/ 67 T 96/ 69 PC
San Antonio 103/ 77 0 101/ 78 PC 100/ 76 S
San Diego 81/ 72 0 82/ 69 S 79/ 68 PC
San Francisco 70/ 55 0 77/ 56 PC 73/ 55 PC
San Jose 88/ 61 0 89/ 61 S 86/ 59 S
San Juan 90/ 79 0.05 90/ 80 S 89/ 79 PC
Seattle 77/ 55 0 80/ 57 S 82/ 57 S
Sioux Falls 77/ 56 0 76/ 63 C 76/ 49 PC
Spokane 89/ 59 0 88/ 60 S 90/ 62 S
St. Louis 80/ 60 0 86/ 63 S 88/ 69 PC
St. Thomas 88/ 79 0 89/ 79 S 89/ 79 Sh
Syracuse 81/ 67 0.20 80/ 64 T 79/ 63 C
Tampa 90/ 77 0.07 90/ 78 T 90/ 77 T
Toledo 68/ 59 0.02 72/ 57 C 79/ 61 S
Tucson 106/ 80 0 102/ 78 PC 103/ 75 T
Tulsa 94/ 63 0 94/ 72 S 96/ 70 S
Virginia Beach 88/ 77 0 87/ 74 T 85/ 71 PC
Washington 87/ 72 0.59 88/ 69 T 88/ 70 PC
Wichita 91/ 62 0 94/ 69 S 93/ 67 PC
Wilmington, Del. 82/ 72 0.55 86/ 67 T 85/ 66 PC
Africa Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Asia/Pacific Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Algiers 99/ 74 0 96/ 70 S 95/ 69 S
Cairo 99/ 81 0 98/ 77 S 98/ 80 S
Cape Town 61/ 43 0 55/ 50 R 59/ 48 PC
Dakar 84/ 77 0.04 90/ 78 T 89/ 80 T
Johannesburg 63/ 44 0 69/ 36 PC 54/ 35 W
Nairobi 73/ 54 0.02 78/ 53 PC 77/ 52 S
Tunis 99/ 77 0 92/ 71 S 93/ 73 S
Baghdad 113/ 88 0 114/ 87 S 116/ 87 S
Bangkok 91/ 77 0.16 90/ 80 T 90/ 77 T
Beijing 90/ 73 0 86/ 72 T 88/ 72 PC
Damascus 100/ 69 0 100/ 70 S 101/ 64 S
Hong Kong 93/ 82 0.24 88/ 81 T 90/ 81 T
Jakarta 92/ 73 0 92/ 75 PC 92/ 74 PC
Jerusalem 89/ 70 0 88/ 69 S 87/ 68 S
Karachi 88/ 81 0.12 89/ 80 S 91/ 80 S
Manila 86/ 75 0.06 86/ 77 T 86/ 77 T
Mumbai 84/ 79 0.31 88/ 79 R 86/ 79 R
South America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
North America Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Europe Yesterday Today Tomorrow
New Delhi 94/ 81 0.54 92/ 79 T 93/ 80 T
Riyadh 111/ 87 0 109/ 81 S 108/ 84 S
Seoul 84/ 75 0.11 90/ 75 Sh 86/ 75 T
Shanghai 91/ 81 0 92/ 81 R 95/ 82 T
Singapore 90/ 81 0 90/ 77 T 90/ 77 T
Sydney 57/ 45 0.16 63/ 52 W 63/ 48 Sh
Taipei 91/ 79 0 92/ 79 Sh 90/ 79 T
Tehran 99/ 81 0 94/ 75 S 94/ 76 S
Tokyo 88/ 75 0 87/ 79 T 88/ 79 T
Amsterdam 70/ 52 0 68/ 55 PC 72/ 57 C
Athens 99/ 82 0 91/ 74 T 90/ 70 T
Berlin 66/ 54 0.02 70/ 52 PC 72/ 52 PC
Brussels 70/ 50 0 70/ 53 PC 76/ 58 PC
Budapest 81/ 54 0 73/ 52 T 73/ 54 PC
Copenhagen 66/ 54 0 70/ 53 PC 70/ 56 PC
Dublin 70/ 50 0 68/ 57 C 66/ 57 Sh
Edinburgh 68/ 52 0 66/ 52 PC 65/ 54 Sh
Frankfurt 72/ 58 0 73/ 51 PC 78/ 56 PC
Geneva 81/ 57 0 79/ 52 S 79/ 56 PC
Helsinki 59/ 41 0 61/ 43 C 61/ 45 PC
Istanbul 90/ 77 0 87/ 75 S 84/ 72 T
Kiev 75/ 54 0.02 73/ 54 PC 75/ 59 T
Lisbon 93/ 71 0 88/ 64 PC 81/ 63 S
London 80/ 59 0 75/ 59 PC 79/ 59 Sh
Madrid 106/ 72 0 102/ 63 S 95/ 63 PC
Moscow 72/ 52 0.01 70/ 54 C 72/ 55 Sh
Nice 82/ 75 0 83/ 68 S 81/ 68 PC
Oslo 68/ 52 0.36 73/ 54 PC 73/ 55 PC
Paris 77/ 57 0 80/ 58 PC 80/ 59 Sh
Prague 66/ 55 0 68/ 46 T 72/ 46 PC
Rome 90/ 66 0 88/ 64 S 88/ 64 S
St. Petersburg 58/ 47 0.09 63/ 43 Sh 68/ 43 C
Stockholm 66/ 52 0.16 66/ 54 PC 70/ 52 PC
Vienna 73/ 61 0 69/ 54 T 74/ 53 PC
Warsaw 68/ 52 0.01 64/ 50 Sh 70/ 50 PC
Acapulco 81/ 76 0.89 88/ 78 T 91/ 79 T
Bermuda 86/ 79 0.23 87/ 79 Sh 87/ 79 PC
Edmonton 73/ 55 0.03 70/ 44 C 69/ 42 S
Guadalajara 77/ 61 0.05 79/ 59 T 79/ 60 T
Havana 90/ 72 0.41 86/ 74 T 91/ 73 T
Kingston 88/ 75 0.20 90/ 81 T 90/ 79 Sh
Martinique 88/ 79 0 88/ 78 R 84/ 78 R
Mexico City 67/ 56 0.45 70/ 55 T 70/ 54 T
Monterrey 97/ 72 0 102/ 72 PC 100/ 72 S
Montreal 75/ 66 0.11 79/ 64 T 77/ 63 Sh
Nassau 84/ 77 0.23 89/ 80 T 91/ 80 PC
Panama City 88/ 79 0.17 89/ 75 T 89/ 73 T
Quebec City 68/ 61 0.01 70/ 65 R 76/ 61 Sh
Santo Domingo 88/ 73 0 91/ 74 PC 91/ 75 T
Toronto 72/ 64 0.31 74/ 62 T 78/ 60 PC
Vancouver 68/ 57 0 76/ 57 S 76/ 57 PC
Winnipeg 81/ 55 0 78/ 57 PC 78/ 51 T
Buenos Aires 72/ 48 0 63/ 50 T 63/ 46 PC
Caracas 91/ 76 0.05 91/ 76 R 91/ 77 T
Lima 65/ 60 0 69/ 58 PC 69/ 58 PC
Quito 73/ 55 0.09 68/ 49 T 68/ 48 T
Recife 81/ 68 0.08 83/ 74 Sh 83/ 74 Sh
Rio de Janeiro 82/ 64 0 81/ 68 S 81/ 68 S
Santiago 61/ 36 0 59/ 41 PC 61/ 39 S
From Montauk Point to Sandy Hook, N.J., out to 20 nautical miles, including Long Island Sound and New York Harbor.
Small craft advisory for the ocean. Wind south at 12-25 knots. Waves 3-5 feet on the ocean and and 1-2 on Long Island Sound and New York Harbor. Visibility under 3 miles at times in showers and storms.
Atlantic City ................... 2:56 a.m. .............. 3:30 p.m.
Barnegat Inlet ................ 3:03 a.m. .............. 3:24 p.m.
The Battery .................... 3:53 a.m. .............. 4:13 p.m.
Beach Haven ................. 4:33 a.m. .............. 4:54 p.m.
Bridgeport ..................... 6:58 a.m. .............. 7:17 p.m.
City Island ...................... 7:41 a.m. .............. 7:57 p.m.
Fire Island Lt. ................. 4:01 a.m. .............. 4:22 p.m.
Montauk Point ................ 4:41 a.m. .............. 5:28 p.m.
Northport ....................... 6:53 a.m. .............. 7:12 p.m.
Port Washington ............ 7:27 a.m. .............. 7:43 p.m.
Sandy Hook ................... 3:15 a.m. .............. 3:36 p.m.
Shinnecock Inlet ............ 2:36 a.m. .............. 2:57 p.m.
Stamford ........................ 7:01 a.m. .............. 7:20 p.m.
Tarrytown ....................... 5:42 a.m. .............. 6:02 p.m.
Willets Point ................... 7:38 a.m. .............. 7:54 p.m.
High Tides
New York City 80/ 70 0.24
October 21
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Personal Business
Estate for Sale
A no-broker strategy
raises eyebrows in a south-
ern resort community. 5
Google alters search function to
help protect copyrighted material. 2
Regulators in Britain plan changes
in oversight of bank lending rate. 3
The Time writer and
CNN host Fareed
Zakaria is suspended
over plagiarism. 2
WASHINGTON — After decid-
ing not to prosecute Goldman
Sachs for its conduct during the
financial crisis, the Justice De-
partment did something rare: it
publicly announced that the in-
vestigation was closed.
The unusual public announce-
ment came after Goldman’s law-
yers pushed for a notification
that the bank would not be
charged, according to two people
with direct knowledge of the mat-
ter who spoke on condition of an-
In a 450-word statement issued
late Thursday, authorities said
that “based on the law and evi-
dence as they exist at this time,
there is not a viable basis to bring
a criminal prosecution.”
Many legal experts agree it
would have been hard to bring
charges. But the public an-
nouncement also raised eye-
brows because under most cir-
cumstances criminal inquiries
are shrouded in secrecy. When
the Justice Department decides
to end a criminal inquiry without
prosecuting, it usually does not
disclose that decision to the pub-
lic — or even to the target of the
The Justice Department’s deci-
sion rankled Wall Street critics
who want banks to pay for their
actions. On Friday, the senator
that had requested the criminal
investigation denounced Gold-
“Whether the decision by the
Department of Justice is the
product of weak laws or weak en-
Continued on Page 6
U.S. Goldman Disclosure
A Rare Break in Secrecy For anyone who spends time
pondering the cost of keeping the
lights on and the staff paid at
their houses of worship, the Mor-
mon tithing slip has a sort of utili-
tarian beauty.
Worshipers pick one
up at their local chapel,
fill it out and hand over
their money to a lay
leader (having annotat-
ed the amounts paid by
check, currency or coins, per the
instructions on the slip). No an-
nual bill, no passing of the plate.
Keep the canary-colored carbon
copy for your records. The fact that the slip looks a bit
like something your dry cleaner
might give you when you drop off
your clothes is part of its appeal.
After all, worship is a regular
part of many people’s lives. We
need to pay for it somehow. But the howin this equation is
something that has changed over
time for many religions in the
United States, from selling pews
to the wealthy 100 years ago to
electronically pulling money
from people’s bank accounts
more recently.
So as we approach a busy sea-
son for giving among believers,
from the annual dues that Jews
hand over each summer to the
pledges that Episcopalians often
make in the fall, this is a good
time to ask whether we’ve settled
on a form of collection that is both
efficient and meaningful. Whatever you may feel about
the relative worth of tithing slips,
the membership model or annual
pledges, it’s clear that most reli-
gious institutions are at least a
bit better at collecting money
than they used to be. Rabbi Gary P. Zola, a professor
at Hebrew Union College-Jewish
Institute of Religion in Cincinnati,
said that Reform congregations
in the United States once sup-
ported themselves by letting
those who paid the most sit in the
best seats in the sanctuary and
get honors, like blessing and
holding the Torah. The pay-per-pew model turned
Card Swipes
In Church
Make Giving
A SecureGive kiosk lets wor-
shipers tithe by credit card.
Continued on Page 4
On the face of it, Senator Har-
ry Reid’s explosive but flimsily
sourced claim that Mitt Romney
paid no income tax seems pre-
posterous. Mr. Romney has de-
nied it, and without
his returns no one
can say for sure.But
for someone who
makes millions of
dollars a year, would
it even be possible?
Evidently it is.
It so happens that this sum-
mer the Internal Revenue Serv-
ice released data from the 400
individual income tax returns
reporting the highest adjusted
gross income.This elite ultrar-
ich group earned on average
$202 million in 2009, the latest
year available. And buried in the
data is the startling disclosure
that six of the 400 paid no fed-
eral income tax.
The I.R.S. has never before
disclosed that last fact.
Not even Mr. Romney, with
reported 2010 income of $21.7
million, qualifies for member-
ship in this select group of 400.
But the data provides a window
into the financial lives and tax
rates of the superrich. Since the
I.R.S. doesn’t release data for
the tiny percentage of Ameri-
cans at Mr. Romney’s income
level, the 400 are the closest
And that data demonstrates
that many of the ultrarich can
and do reduce their tax liability
to very low levels, even zero. Be-
sides the six who paid no federal
income tax, the I.R.S. reported
that 27 paid from zero to 10 per-
cent of their adjusted gross in-
comes and another 89 paid be-
tween 10 and 15 percent, which
is close to the 13.9 percent rate
that Mr. Romney disclosed that
he paid in 2010. (At the other end
of the spectrum, 82 paid 30 to 35
percent. None paid more than 35
percent.) So more than a quar-
ter of the people earning an av-
erage of over $200 million in
2009 paid less than 15 percent of
their adjusted gross income in
How do they do it?
The data show that the ultrar-
ich typically pay low tax rates
every year,but 2009 was a spe-
In the Superrich, Clues to What Might Be in Romney’s Tax Returns
The I.R.S. disclosed that six of the 400 people in the country
with the highest gross income paid no federal income tax at all.
Continued on Page 6
Money laundering accusations
leveled against a British bank by
New York’s top banking regula-
tor are causing global banks to
worry that their New York opera-
tions could make them public tar-
gets for processing transactions
already deemed legal by federal
regulators, according to federal
authorities with knowledge of the
concerns. Benjamin M. Lawsky,who
leads the New York Department
of Financial Services, upended
the regulatory landscape on
Monday by accusing Standard
Chartered of scheming with the
Iranian government for nearly a
decade and hiding from regula-
tors $250 billion in transactions
through its New York branch.
The bank, for its part, has said it
“strongly rejects the position and
portrayal of facts” by Mr. Law-
sky’s department.
The accusations largely center
on transactions that the federal
government permitted until 2008,
namely the transfer of money
with Iran through the United
States from one foreign-based en-
tity to another.
Until Mr. Lawsky’s case
against Standard Chartered
claimed that the bank cloaked
these so-called U-turn transac-
tions, there was virtual consen-
sus among Treasury Department
authorities, the Justice Depart-
ment and the Manhattan district
attorney’s office that such trans-
actions were legal, even if they
violated the spirit of the law, ac-
cording to people briefed on the
A number of European banks,
including Lloyds, Barclays and
ING,that have already settled
money laundering cases with the
Justice Department and the dis-
Facing Bank
Cast a Chill
A state case against
Standard Chartered
rattles the industry.
Continued on Page 4
ROME — Micaela Pallini stood
amid the heady perfume of anise-
scented sambuca in the Roman
distillery run by her family for
five generations and pointed to a
gleaming row of bottles rolling off
a packaging line. She recently had a chance to
double production of the popular
Italian liqueur and expand the
reach of the 137-year-old compa-
ny by hiring more people for a
joint venture with an Italian part-
ner. “But we didn’t pursue it,” said
Ms. Pallini, the chief executive of
Pallini liquors, which sells spirits
including sambuca and limoncel-
lo worldwide. “If the venture
failed, Italian laws make it almost
impossible to cut our work force
to adjust costs,” she said. “It’s a
risk we couldn’t afford to take.” As Italy teeters on the edge of
Europe’s debt crisis, its notori-
ously rigid labor market has be-
come a lightning rod for the na-
tion’s fiscal and economic prob-
lems. The economy is mired in a
long recession, and unemploy-
ment is stuck at above 10 percent,
in large part because thousands
of small companies like Pallini
face seemingly insurmountable
hurdles to growth. Prime Minister Mario Monti is
tackling the issue head on, a chal-
lenge in a country beset by cor-
ruption, stifling bureaucracy and
a lumbering judicial system
whose rulings in labor cases
often lean toward keeping people
in their jobs for life. After a caus-
tic battle with Italy’s powerful
unions, Mr. Monti in the spring
pushed through measures meant
to help the economy by creating
incentives for businesses to hire
— in part by also making it easier
to shrink work forces in times of Italy Wrestles With Rewriting Its Stifling Labor Laws
Bottling limoncello at the Pallini distillery in Rome.The dis-
tillery fears hiring workers it may not be able to dismiss.
Continued on Page 7
EAGAN, Minn. — The doors of the
Cub Foods grocery store in this middle-
class suburban city open onto piles of
picture-perfect peaches and nectarines
nestled next to jewel-toned plums and
Around the corner, corn delivered in
the morning from a local farm is heaped
decoratively on one side of a wide,me-
andering path that guides shoppers
through the produce section and to-
ward the deli counter and sushi bar,
where they can catch the aromas of
freshly baked breads and doughnuts, a
Cub specialty, a little farther away.
“You can pretty much be in Any-
where, U.S.A., in center store, but the
perimeter is the fashion side of the gro-
cery business,” said Sharon A. Lessard,
chief designer at Supervalu, which op-
erates Cub Foods stores as well as
chains like Jewel-Osco, Shaw’s and Al-
bertsons in some markets. “The perim-
eter is where we can best distinguish
ourselves from everyone else.”
By center store, Ms. Lessard meant
those long, soldier-straight rows of
shelves that have long been the heart of
the American grocery store but are now
showing signs of the grocery equivalent
of atherosclerosis.Shopping and eating
patterns are changing,and those
changes have threatening implications
for the food companies whose shelf-
stable products have long filled the cen-
ter store.
Analysts have been surprised by the
volume of sales declines over the last
two quarters. Heinz reported a drop of
2.4 percent in its second quarter.Kraft
unit sales were down 2.8 percent in its
first quarter,and Kellogg said its North
American volumes fell 1.7 percent in its
second quarter. With center store sales down,the
most forward-looking supermarkets
are rethinking the allocation of space —
shrinking the staid center and expand-
ing the sexy perimeter. In the Eagan
Cub Foods, for example, the produce,
bakery, deli, meat, seafood and other
perimeter areas occupy roughly 40 per-
cent of the store, Ms. Lessard said,
compared with 20 to 25 percent of Su-
pervalu stores that have yet to be re-
“There’s been some stagnation in
center-of-the-store sales,” said Jeffrey
M. Ettinger,chief executive of Hormel
Foods. “Frankly, I think those of us who
sell products there have been a little
slow to innovate, and in the meantime,
sales around the store perimeter have
been strong.”
Most major food companies have a
presence in both the center and perim-
Sharon Krech at Cub Foods in Eagan, Minn., which has tried to distinguish itself in perimeter areas like the produce section. Center Stage, Along the Walls
Supermarkets Shift
Focus to Perimeter,
Away From Aisles
Continued on Page 2
Following are the most popular business news articles on from Aug. 3 through 9: 1. ‘Les Riches’ in France Vow to Leave if 75% Tax Rate Is Passed 2. Hospital Chain Inquiry Cited Unnecessary Cardiac Work 3. The iEconomy: Nissan’s Move to U.S. Offers Lessons for Tech
Industry 4. Your Money: A Financial Plan for the Truly Fed Up 5. British Bank Accused of Hiding Transactions With Iran 6. Starbucks and Square to Team Up 7. Pace of Hiring Rose in July, but Jobless Rate Ticked Up 8. With Rates Low, Banks Increase Mortgage Profit 9. Fear of ‘Fiscal Cliff’ Has Industry Pulling Back
10. Google Goes Back to the Drawing Board for Nexus Q And here are the most popular blog posts.
1. Beware the Jobs Report of July (Economix) 2. Apple to Remove YouTube App From iPhone and iPad (Bits)
3. Disruptions: Apple Patent Fight With Samsung Spills Some
iPhone and iPad Secrets (Bits)
4. Prepaid Cellphones Are Cheaper. Why Aren’t They Popular?
5. Where Is David Pogue’s iPhone? (Pogue’s Posts) ONLINE:MOST POPULAR INVESTING
Equity Funds Shrink as Investors Move to Bonds
Investors pulled cash out of stock mutual funds for the fifth consecutive
month in July, while bond funds again attracted new cash, new statistics
showed Friday. Anxiety about stocks is running so deep that net depos-
its into bond funds through July are already 50 percent greater than the
total for all of last year. A net $12.7 billion was withdrawn from stock
funds last month, an industry consultant, Strategic Insight,said on Fri-
day. It was the biggest monthly net withdrawal this year, despite the 1
percent rise last month in the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index.
Through July, nearly $28 billion has been pulled out. “Investors contin-
ue to dismiss the positive trends reflected in steady gains in the econ-
omy, employment, real estate prices and the stock market,” said Avi
Nachmany,research director with Strategic Insight. Investors instead
appeared to be focused on avoiding the potential for short-term losses,
he said. Although cash flowed out of United States stock funds last
month, investors deposited a net $1 billion into funds investing in for-
eign stocks. Year-to-date, international stock funds have attracted $34
billion in new cash, according to Strategic Insight. (AP)
Data Concern Gains 28%After Strong Quarter
Shares of Fusion-io Inc. rose 28 percent on Friday after the company,
which makes flash memory products,reported fiscal fourth-quarter re-
sults well above Wall Street’s expectations on Thursday. Along with the
release of its financial results, the company offered an upbeat outlook.
Fusion-io had a loss of $2.4 million, or 3 cents a share, in the April-June
period. That was down from earnings of $5.8 million, or 6 cents a share,
in the comparable period a year earlier. Revenue rose 49 percent to
$106.6 million,from $71.7 million a year earlier. Adjusted earnings,
which excluded stock compensation expenses and other items, were
$9.8 million, or 9 cents a share, in the latest quarter. Analysts, on aver-
age, were expecting earnings of 3 cents a share on revenue of $96 mil-
lion, according to a poll by FactSet. Stock in Fusion-io, which is based in
Salt Lake City, rose $5.84,to $26.86 a share.For the current quarter, the
company said it expected a modest increase in revenue. (AP)
Big media companies won a
battle in the fight to combat
online piracy on Friday when
Google said it would alter its
search algorithms to favor Web
sites that offered legitimate copy-
righted movies, music and televi-
Google said that beginning
next week its algorithms would
take into account the number of
valid copyright removal notices
Web sites had received. Web sites
with multiple, valid complaints
about copyright infringement
may appear lower in Google
search results.
“This ranking change should
help users find legitimate, quality
sources of content more easily —
whether it’s a song previewed on
NPR’s music Web site, a TV show
on Hulu or new music streamed
from Spotify,” Amit Singhal,Goo-
gle’s senior vice president of en-
gineering,wrote in a company
blog post.
The entertainment industry,
which has for years pressured
Google and other Internet sites to
act against online piracy, ap-
plauded the move.
“We are optimistic that Goo-
gle’s actions will help steer con-
sumers to the myriad legitimate
ways for them to access movies
and TV shows online,” Michael
O’Leary, a senior executive vice
president for the Motion Picture
Association of America, said in a
Cary Sherman,chief executive
of the Recording Industry Associ-
ation of America, also commend-
ed Google’s move. “Google has
signaled a new willingness to val-
ue the rights of creators,” he said
in a statement.
But the two men expressed
caution and urged Google to car-
ry out the change with the vigor
it adopted in combating pirated
videos on YouTube, which Google
“The devil is always in the de-
tails,” Mr. O’Leary said. Mr. Sher-
man added, similarly, that chang-
ing the search algorithm “is not
the only approach,and of course,
the details of implementation will
The announcement comes just
over six months after a heated
battle between big media compa-
nies and technology companies,
who were sparring over pro-
posed legislation intended to
crack down on pirated online con-
tent,particularly by rogue for-
eign Web sites.
In January,media companies
like Viacom, Time Warner and
the Walt Disney Company
backed two antipiracy bills, one
in the Senate and the other in the
House of Representatives, while
Internet activists and companies
like Google and Facebook argued
the bills would hinder Internet
freedom. Buoyed by a huge
online grass-roots movement,
and aided by Wikipedia’s going
black for a day in protest, the bills
quickly died.
That tension has decreased
somewhat as media companies
have met with Silicon Valley ex-
ecutives over how to solve the
problem to everyone’s satisfac-
Google said it would not re-
move pages from copyright-in-
fringing Web sites from its search
engine unless it received a valid
copyright removal notice from
the rights’ owner. “Only copy-
right holders know if something
is authorized, and only courts can
decide if a copyright has been in-
fringed,” Mr. Singhal said.
Google has received copyright
removal requests for over 4.3 mil-
lion Web addresses in the last 30
days, according to the company’s
transparency report. That is
more than it received in all of
Under Copyright Pressure, Google to Alter Search Results
Sites with multiple
infringements will be
ranked lower.
eter of the grocery store. Hormel,
for instance, is firmly ensconced
in one of the hottest areas, the
deli section, with its Di Lusso line
of cold cuts, while General Mills,
maker of Yoplait,is engaged in
the yogurt wars raging in the re-
frigerated cases, another sizzling
perimeter section.
But food companies are none-
theless concerned at the soften-
ing of their business in the center
of the store, and they are re-
sponding with a variety of tactics,
like attempts to add pizazz and
flair to the products they sell in
the center of the store and mak-
ing acquisitions that give them a
better toehold on the perimeter.
Hormel has shortened the
cooking time of some of its Com-
pleats microwave meals to 90
seconds and pumped up the fla-
vorings of others — ginger spicy
chicken, for one —that it sells in
the center of the store. It has also
begun tweaking packaging,
putting stalwarts like Pizza Top-
pings in the pouches that con-
sumers are suddenly crazy for.
Campbell Soup, taking a different
tack, recently made its biggest
acquisition ever, spending $1.55
billion to buy Bolthouse Farms, a
vegetable and juice company that
will give it a much bigger pres-
ence in places like the entrance of
the Cub Foods store here.
“It gives us a great platform
for the growth that’s going on at
the perimeter,” said Anthony
Sanzio,a Campbell spokesman.
“The vision is to build on the juice
and baby carrots and salad
dressings with dips and fresh
sauces — and there will be things
we can do with soups and salsas,
He said business in the perim-
eter was growing in part because
of the demand from younger con-
sumers for fresh foods and foods
that are perceived as wholesome
and unprocessed. At the same
time, older consumers are look-
ing for healthier foods and juices.
That is not to say Campbell will
be abandoning the center of the
store. It will be introducing soup
in pouches later this year with
flavors like coconut curry, as well
as sparkling energy drinks and
jazzier skillet sauces like creamy
chipotle with roasted corn.
“We don’t see the center of the
store as a problem, even though
the perimeter of the store is
growing faster in some stores,”
said Ian R. Friendly,executive
vice president of United States
retail at General Mills. “You just
need innovation to make it excit-
ing to go down the cereal and
snack aisles.”
Mr. Friendly pointed to two
products General Mills intro-
duced last year — 90-calorie Fi-
ber One brownies and multigrain
peanut butter Cheerios — as ex-
amples of products that will lure
today’s shoppers to the center
“There are other trends going
on that are driving the changes
you’re seeing,” he said. “It used
to be that people got their food
pretty exclusively at traditional
grocery stores, but there has
been a pretty important migra-
tion to club stores, supercenters,
drugstores, convenience stores
and dollar stores, where sales
have been growing much faster.”
Stores like Sam’s Club and Tar-
get have put pressure on grocery
stores to cut prices, while the oth-
er outlets offer convenience. It is
much easier to buy staples like
milk and butter at a convenience
store or gas station than to hike
all the way to the back of a gro-
cery store, where those items tra-
ditionally are stocked — which is
why more grocers now have
small dairy cases at the front of
their stores.
At the other end of the spec-
trum, Whole Foods and Trader
Joe’s have upped the ante by in-
troducing an element of Cirque
du Soleil into the grocery busi-
ness and proving that there are
big profits in fresh produce,
which was previously considered
a risky business.
“There were big implications
in how Whole Foods went about
merchandising the types of prod-
ucts it was carrying,” said An-
drew Waldek,senior partner at
Innosight,a consulting firm.
“They do a lot of sampling, a lot
of labeling and signs, all in an ef-
fort to create a sense of transpar-
ency and demonstrate the fresh-
ness and healthiness of what
they’re selling.
“That was exactly where the
consumer was going, and every-
one else in the grocery business,
everyone, has had to figure out
how to go along, which has made
big changes in their business
models and particularly in their
real estate.”
Shoppers also are shopping dif-
ferently, retailers and consumer
experts say. “Generally, for gro-
cery and food products, people
are shopping much more fre-
quently today than just a few
years ago,” said Michael R.Mi-
nasi,president of marketing at
Safeway. “They’re coming in for
a fresh produce transaction, for
tonight’s dinner transaction. I
think the bigger shift has to do
with how people are using gro-
cery stores than with specific cat-
egories of food that are on the pe-
rimeter or in the center.”
Mr. Minasi said Safeway was
not deliberately taking space
away from the center of the store
and reallocating it to perimeter
areas. Rather, he said, “we con-
tinue to evolve the stores to be
more relevant to shoppers and fo-
cus on what’s important to them.
Right now, that’s health and well-
ness, and those products tend to
be prevalent in the perimeter of
the store.”
In Supermarkets, the Perimeters Take Center Stage
Pat Behuhl, above left,and his
daughter Rebecca at the cen-
ter of the store at Cub Foods in
Eagan, Minn.Peggy Hoffman,
right,looking for fresh corn in
the perimeter areas, where the
grocery has shifted its focus. From First Business Page
With center store
sales down,
rethinking how
space is allocated.
Time magazine and CNN sus-
pended Fareed Zakaria,the writ-
er and television host, on Friday
after he apologized for plagiariz-
ing sections of his column on gun
control in the Aug. 20 issue of
Some passages in the column,
“The Case for Gun Control,”
closely tracked those in a longer
article on guns in America by the
historian Jill Lepore,which ap-
peared in the April 23 issue of
The New Yorker. The similarities in the texts
were spotted by the conservative
Web site NewsBusters, and
quickly spread across the Inter-
net after appearing on the media
Mr. Zakaria issued a statement
Friday afternoon saying: “Media
reporters have pointed out that
paragraphs in my Time column
this week bear close similarities
to paragraphs in Jill Lepore’s es-
say in the April 23 issue of The
New Yorker. They are right. I
made a terrible mistake. It is a
serious lapse and one that is en-
tirely my fault. I apologize unre-
servedly to her, to my editors at
Time, and to my readers.”
His admission is the second in-
stance in less than two weeks of a
prominent writer owning up to
an ethical lapse. Last week, the
science writer Jonah Lehrer ad-
mitted that he fabricated quotes
from Bob Dylan for his best-sell-
ing book “Imagine: How Creativ-
ity Works.” Mr. Lehrer was
forced to resign as a staff writer
for The New Yorker, and his pub-
lisher, Houghton Mifflin Har-
court, said it would recall print
copies of the book.
Time said it was suspending
Mr. Zakaria’s column for a
month, pending review. “Time
accepts Fareed’s apology, but
what he did violates our own
standards for our columnists,
which is that their work must not
only be factual but original; their
views must not only be their own
but their words as well,” said Ali
Zelenko,a spokeswoman for the
magazine. CNN,like Time magazine,is
owned by Time Warner.
In a statement, CNN said: “We
have reviewed Fareed Zakaria’s
Time column, for which he has
apologized. He wrote a shorter
blog post on on the
same issue which included simi-
lar unattributed excerpts. That
blog post has been removed and
CNN has suspended Fareed
Zakaria while this matter is un-
der review.”
Earlier this year, Mr. Zakaria
was criticized for giving a com-
mencement speech at Harvard
that was very similar to the one
he had earlier given at Duke.
Mr.Zakaria, 48,balances a de-
manding schedule,doing work
for multiple media properties. He
is a CNN host, an editor at large
at Time, a Washington Post col-
umnist and an author. He was
born in India and graduated from
Harvard and Yale.
Fred Hiatt,the Washington
Post’s editorial page editor,said
he also would start examining
Mr. Zakaria’s work:“Fareed
Zakaria is a valued contributor.
We’ve never had any reason to
doubt the integrity of his work for
us. Given his acknowledgment
today, we intend to review his
work with him.”
The following passages pro-
vide an example of the repetition
of Ms. Lepore’s work in Mr. Zaka-
ria’s column:
Mr. Zakaria:
Adam Winkler, a professor of
constitutional law at UCLA, docu-
ments the actual history in Gun-
fight: The Battle over the Right
to Bear Arms in America. Guns
were regulated in the U.S. from
the earliest years of the Republic.
Laws that banned the carrying of
concealed weapons were passed
in Kentucky and Louisiana in
1813. Other states soon followed:
Indiana in 1820, Tennessee and
Virginia in 1838, Alabama in 1839
and Ohio in 1859. Similar laws
were passed in Texas, Florida
and Oklahoma. As the governor
of Texas (Texas!) explained in
1893, the “mission of the con-
cealed deadly weapon is murder.
To check it is the duty of every
self-respecting, law-abiding
Ms. Lepore:
As Adam Winkler, a constitu-
tional-law scholar at U.C.L.A.,
demonstrates in a remarkably
nuanced new book, “Gunfight:
The Battle Over the Right to Bear
Arms in America,” firearms have
been regulated in the United
States from the start. Laws ban-
ning the carrying of concealed
weapons were passed in Ken-
tucky and Louisiana in 1813, and
other states soon followed: Indi-
ana (1820), Tennessee and Vir-
ginia (1838), Alabama (1839), and
Ohio (1859). Similar laws were
passed in Texas, Florida, and
Oklahoma. As the governor of
Texas explained in 1893, the “mis-
sion of the concealed deadly
weapon is murder. To check it is
the duty of every self-respecting,
law-abiding man.”
CNN and Time Suspend Journalist After Admission of Plagiarism CHARLES SYKES/ASSOCIATED PRESS
A Fareed Zakaria column on
gun control took passages
from a New Yorker article.
By Bloomberg News
The J.C. Penney Company is
on track with its overhaul, the
chief executive said Friday, help-
ing set off a gain of 5.9 percent in
its share price despite reporting
a quarterly loss and declining
“I’m completely convinced
that our transformation is on
track,” the chief executive, Ron-
ald B.Johnson, told analysts and
investors at a presentation in
New York, adding:“We said this
would be a really tough year.
Somehow, I don’t think that mes-
sage got through.”
J.C. Penney, based in Plano,
Tex.,rose $1.30, or 5.88 percent,to
$23.40 a share.Before Mr. John-
son made his remarks, the shares
dropped as much as 12 percent as
the company posted a quarterly
loss and said it would fail to meet
its profit forecast for the year.Mr.
Johnson, a former Apple retail
chief who joined Penney as chief
executive in November, is chang-
ing the company’s pricing strat-
egy after the previous plan con-
fused customers by reducing
sales events and coupons. On Jan. 26, the company said
profit excluding some items
would meet or exceed $2.16 a
share this year as a result of the
turnaround plan. The forecast
topped analysts’ estimates and
sent the shares surging. Today, the company said it no
longer expected to meet that
forecast, which was reiterated in
May, and did not provide a new
In its most recent results, Pen-
ney said it lost $147 million,or 67
cents a share, reversing a year-
earlier profit of $14 million, or 7
cents a share. Excluding some
items, the loss was 37 cents a
share. The average estimate of
nine analysts surveyed by
Bloomberg was for a 14-cent loss.
Revenue in the period, which
ended July 28 and was the second
quarter of Penney’s fiscal year,
fell 23 percent,to $3.02 billion
from $3.91 billion.Analysts ex-
pected the company to post reve-
nue of $3.18 billion.
Comparable-store sales fell 22
percent in the quarter,while In-
ternet sales were down 33 per-
cent to $220 million.
J.C.Penney Reports a Loss;
Says Revamping Is on Track
HE number of jobs avail-
able in the United States
has risen to its highest
level in four years, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics said
this week, providing more evi-
dence that the job market is slow-
ly recovering.
There were 3.8 million job
openings at the end of June, up
105,000 from the previous month
and the most since July 2008.
That is also 1.6 million more
openings than when the market
hit bottom in July 2009.
All of the gains in May came in
the private sector. The number of
open government jobs declined in
June, as it had in two of the pre-
ceding three months. But at
363,000,the government figure
was well above the low of 280,000
reached in 2009. The government’s Jolts report
— Job Openings and Labor Turn-
over Survey — comes out more
than a month after the widely fol-
lowed monthly job numbers are
released and, as a result, gets lit-
tle attention. But it provides sig-
nificant information on how the
job market is changing by asking
a sampling of employers how
many workers were added dur-
ing the month and how many left.
It also seeks information on why
those people left, and on how
many jobs the company has that
it is seeking to fill.
In normal times, one thing that
stands out is just how much turn-
over there is. During the most re-
cent 12 months, the government
estimates that 51.4 million people
started new jobs, and that 49.6
million people left old ones,vol-
untarily or otherwise. Those
numbers may be a little inflated,
since the survey is of individual
sites, not of entire companies. A
worker transferred from I.B.M.’s
New York office to its Los Ange-
les office might be counted as
leaving one job and starting an-
other, for example.
Still, the total number of jobs
begun during the 12 months
equaled 39.2 percent of the total
of jobs that existed a year earlier.
But the number of separations
was nearly as high, equaling 37.8
percent of jobs. Before the reces-
sion began, the hiring figure was
as high as 48.1 percent, while the
departure figure was at 46.1 per-
The accompanying charts
show the total number of job
openings each month since the
Jolts numbers were first calculat-
ed at the end of 2000, as well as
the ratio of the number of unem-
ployed workers to that figure.
Back in 2000, when an economic
boom was ending, there were
nearly as many jobs available as
there were unemployed workers.
By the summer of 2009, there
were 6.7 times as many unem-
ployed workers as there were
open positions. Now that number
is down to 3.4, little more than
half the peak level. But it remains
higher than it had been until the
recent recession began at the end
of 2007.
If the rate of separations were
the only labor market indicator
available, one might think there
had been no real problem in re-
cent years. The rate of separa-
tions in the private sector was
lower during the crisis than when
the economy was doing well, and
has only risen a little since the
economy began to recover. Work-
ers who once might have quit to
seek a better position are less
likely to do so. Among govern-
ment workers, even the depar-
ture of temporary census em-
ployees in 2010 was not enough to
raise the separation departure
rate to prerecession levels.
During the crisis, the number
of workers being dismissed rose
above the number of workers
quitting, but now departures are
more likely to be voluntary, at
least officially. The third category
of departures, labeled “other,” in-
cludes transfers and deaths but is
dominated by retirements. More
than a fifth of government depar-
tures fall into that category, and
many of them probably are early
retirements of workers who were
offered incentives to leave by
government agencies trying to
avoid or minimize layoffs.
A Hopeful Sign: Job Openings Rise
’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12
’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12
Reasons for departure
Private sector
Other separations
Ratio of total departures
to number of jobs*
Number of job openings
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, via Haver Analytics
More Openings, Fewer Firings
Unemployed workers per job opening
’02 ’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12
’02 ’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12
’02 ’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12
*Ratio of total departures over 12-month periods to number of jobs at beginning of each period. Figures for job openings, jobs and unemployed persons are seasonally adjusted. Figures for departures are based on unadjusted totals for 12 months ending in month shown.
The number of unfilled jobs in the American economy has risen to the highest level since 2008. At the same time, the ratio of unemployed workers to openings has fallen to about half the peak level, although it remains significantly higher than it was before the recession began at the end of 2007. Turnover in jobs remains below historical levels, reflecting a reluctance of employees to risk what they have. The proportion of dismissals among those leaving their jobs has fallen, but remains above prerecession levels.
Layoffs and dismissals
Other separations
Layoffs and dismissals
Better but not great:
3.4 job seekers for
every open position. By MARK SCOTT
LONDON — The system at the
center of a rate-rigging scandal is
set to be overhauled as regula-
tors respond to public anger over
the manipulation of the London
interbank offered rate, or Libor.
Martin Wheatley, the regulator
in charge of a plan backed by the
British government to restruc-
ture the rate-setting process, out-
lined steps on Friday that could
lead to wholesale changes to
Libor, which is used as a bench-
mark rate for more than $360 tril-
lion of financial products, includ-
ing mortgages and loans.
The changes may include the
replacement of the current sys-
tem, which is overseen by the
British Bankers’ Association, a
trade body, with one overseen by
government officials.They will
also most likely make it a crimi-
nal offense to manipulate bench-
mark rates. “The existing structure and
governance of Libor is no longer
fit for purpose,and reform is
needed,” said Mr. Wheatley, who
is managing director of the Fi-
nancial Services Authority, the
British regulator. “Trust in a vital
part of the financial system has
been badly damaged,and timely
action is needed to restore it.”
The tough words came after
one of Britain’s biggest banks,
Barclays, agreed to a $450 million
settlement with American and
British officials after some of its
traders and senior executives
were found to have manipulated
the rate for financial gain.
A number of other global finan-
cial institutions, including Citi-
group and HSBC, are under in-
vestigation for their roles in the
scandal. Analysts estimate that
the combined fines and penalties
for the financial services industry
may exceed $20 billion.
Mr. Wheatley’s review will
produce recommendations in late
September about how the rate
could be changed.
On Friday, the British regula-
tor said the inquiry might lead to
the use of actual trading data to
set the daily benchmark rate. Currently, a number of banks
are polled each day about what
their lending costs would be if
they tapped the markets for fi-
nancing. During the recent finan-
cial crisis, so-called interbank
lending between firms was
sharply curtailed, which led bank
executives to submit incorrect
data for Libor, according to regu-
latory filings.
“Libor is also intended to rep-
resent unsecured interbank bor-
rowing costs for a range of matu-
rities, but as this type of lending
has severely declined since the fi-
nancial crisis, submissions are
more heavily reliant on judg-
ment,” Mr. Wheatley said.
The review will focus on po-
tential criminal sanctions against
individuals who manipulate the
rate. American and British au-
thorities are considering the
prosecution of traders implicated
in the scandal, and European offi-
cials want to write new legisla-
tion to make the manipulation of
Libor and other benchmark rates
a criminal offense. The overhaul of Libor will also
involve increased governance of
the rate-setting process, after au-
thorities found deficiencies in
how the system was overseen. In discussions dating back to
2008, American and British cen-
tral bankers had raised concerns
with the British Bankers’ Associ-
ation about how the rate was gov-
erned. In response, authorities
forced the trade body to increase
the auditing of banks’ Libor sub-
missions from late 2008 to im-
prove transparency.
“Any new governance frame-
work should ensure that the com-
pilation process itself is subject to
a much greater degree of inde-
pendence, transparency and ac-
countability,” Mr. Wheatley said
on Friday.
British authorities said they
would work with their American
and other international counter-
parts as part of the wide-ranging
review. Banks are expected to
provide feedback on the potential
changes by early September.
Because the benchmark rate
underpins trillions of dollars of fi-
nancial products worldwide, any
changes to Libor would be
phased in over several years, Mr.
Wheatley said.
With regulators continuing
their investigations into the ac-
tivities of global firms, banks are
likely to face pressure to support
the changes. “The past few months have
presented a series of very signif-
icant reputational challenges for
the financial services industry,”
Mr. Wheatley said. “It’s clear
from the reaction to the Libor
scandal that consumers think it’s
British Regulators Plan Changes to Libor Oversight
Restoring trust in a
rate affecting trillions
in financial products.
Manchester United had hoped
to add to its soccer successes
with a strong debut as a newly
public company on Friday. But its
initial public offering fell short of
that aim.
On Friday, their first day of
trading on the New York Stock
Exchange, the soccer team’s
shares closed flat at their offer
price of $14, after having opened
only 5 cents above that level. The stock’s performance ap-
peared to meet low expectations,
after underwriters for the club
priced the offering on Thursday
below an expected range of $16 to
$20 a share. The team’s offering, which
raised $232.4 million,was one of
the biggest this year. The offering
values the franchise over all at
about $2.3 billion.
Manchester United has re-
turned to the public markets dur-
ing a year in which stock of-
ferings have largely struggled.
About $29.6 billion had been
raised from initial stock sales
through the end of July, accord-
ing to data from Renaissance
Capital, roughly 5 percent higher
than at the same time last year.
But nearly two-thirds of this
year’s proceeds came from Face-
book’s gigantic offering.
By going public — while re-
maining firmly under the control
of its majority owner, the Glazer
family — Manchester United is
hoping to challenge the history of
sports teams that have flailed
when traded on stock exchanges.
Ed Woodward,Manchester
United’s vice chairman, empha-
sized that the newly public com-
pany was less a team than a
branding empire — with revenue
from broadcasts and merchan-
dise sales — built around one of
the most successful soccer clubs
in memory.
He said that officials from six
sports leagues from around the
world had asked how Manches-
ter United officials built up an ex-
pansive commercial operation.
“This feels like it’s a fantastic
opportunity,” he said in a tele-
phone interview on Friday. “The
story has been incredibly well re-
ceived, especially in the U.S.”
Mr. Woodward recalled head-
ing into meetings during Man-
chester United’s road show over
the last two weeks that were
standing room only, with poten-
tial investors clamoring for the
team’s signature red-and-white
But by Thursday afternoon,
the company and its underwrit-
ers looked at the offering book
and decided to accommodate
what Mr. Woodward called
“very-high-quality institutional
investors” who were willing to
buy in bulk at $14.
Skeptics of the offering pointed
not only to the tortured history of
publicly traded sports teams but
also the specifics of Manchester
United’s offering. The team
raised money to pay some of the
debt it incurred when Malcolm
Glazer bought the club in 2005.
The Glazers also sold some of
their holdings in the offering,
though they are retaining control
by holding onto a class of stock
that carries 10 times the voting
rights of the ordinary shares.
The Boston Celtics went public
in 1986 and the Cleveland Indians
in 1998. But the stocks struggled,
and both were taken private in
the last decade. Many British
Premier League soccer clubs
were publicly traded at one point
or another, and performed miser-
Manchester United fans have
also expressed dismay over the
offering, with one group having
organized a letter-writing cam-
paign complaining about the Gla-
zers’ cashing out some of their
holdings through the stock sale.
Mr. Woodward said that Man-
chester United remained com-
mitted to strengthening its team,
with improvements in its com-
mercial revenue making more
cash available to attract top-flight
players. “Through growing these
business lines, we’ll have huge
firepower to make player acquisi-
tions,” he said. No Goal for Manchester United’s Stock Debut
Avram Glazer, center, and Joel Glazer,right, owners of Manchester United,with Thomas Fac-
chine, left, of Getco Securities, at the post that traded the soccer club’s shares on Friday.
ny agreed to pay $2 billion to set-
tle civil charges that it defrauded
the government with drug sales.
Despite the payment, Glaxo ex-
pressly denied that it had en-
gaged in any wrongful conduct.
An example of a more concrete
policy, Mr. Rosch said, can be
found in the Securities and Ex-
change Commission’s rules,
which ban a company that settles
a case from denying that it com-
mitted the acts in question.
The S.E.C.also states that “a
refusal to admit the allegations is
equivalent to a denial, unless the
defendant or respondent states
that he neither admits nor denies
the allegations.” That rule would
disallow the F.T.C.’s language
that a settlement “does not con-
stitute an admission” of guilt.
“I can live with ‘neither admits
nor denies,’” Mr. Rosch said.
“That’s what we did in the old
days.” But with the more recent
examples, he said, “We’re invit-
ing denials of liability in every
case in the future.”
The S.E.C.’s policy, however,
has itself been a subject of dis-
pute. A federal judge in Manhat-
tan refused to approve an S.E.C.
settlement with Citigroup last
year, saying that the agency’s
policy of allowing a company to
neither admit nor deny allega-
tions gave him no basis on which
to judge whether the settlement
was in the public interest. The case, heard by Judge Jed
S. Rakoff of Federal District
Court in Manhattan, is now being
considered by a federal appeals
A majority of the F.T.C. com-
missioners disagreed with Mr.
Rosch’s statement that a denial
by a settling company under-
mined the outcome. They argued
that the record of the investiga-
tion adequately supported the
settlement, regardless of what
the company claimed.
But the three commissioners
added that they were open to Mr.
Rosch’s idea, saying they wanted
“to avoid any possible public mis-
impression that the commission
obtains settlements when it lacks
reason to believe that the alleged
conduct occurred.”
In the future, “express denials
will be strongly disfavored,” the
commissioners said. And in the
coming months, they added, the
commission will consider wheth-
er to modify its policy. By EDWARD WYATT
WASHINGTON — The Federal
Trade Commission finished a set-
tlement with Facebook on Friday
over allegations that the compa-
ny had violated its privacy policy,
and in the process said it would
re-examine its own practice of al-
lowing companies to settle
charges of wrongdoing while de-
nying that they had done any-
thing wrong.
The F.T.C.’s turnabout came in
response to a blistering dissent
from the Facebook settlement by
one commissioner, J. Thomas
Rosch, who said that allowing the
company to deny charges it was
agreeing to settle undermined
the commission’s authority.
In November, the F.T.C. said
that Facebook had deceived con-
sumers by telling them that their
personal information would be
kept private,while “repeatedly
allowing it to be shared and made
The commission voted 3-1, with
one abstention, to impose a 20-
year consent order requiring
Facebook to protect its users’ pri-
vacy. The company agreed to
give consumers clear and promi-
nent notice and to obtain their ex-
press consent before revealing
information beyond their previ-
ously stated privacy settings,to
maintain a comprehensive pro-
gram to safeguard private infor-
mation,and to obtain an inde-
pendent privacy audit every two
Facebook said in a statement
on Friday,“We are pleased that
the settlement, which was an-
nounced last November, has re-
ceived final approval.” The com-
pany did not repeat its assertion,
made in November, that it “ex-
pressly denies the allegations set
forth in the complaint,” but the
F.T.C. still considers that state-
ment to be part of the case
A Facebook spokesman de-
clined to comment beyond the
company’s one-sentence state-
Mr. Rosch agreed with the gen-
eral outlines of the Facebook set-
tlement, but wrote in his dissent
that the Federal Trade Commis-
sion Rules of Practice “do not
provide for such a denial” of the
charges. He also advocated further
tightening of the commission’s
rules, which in addition to out-
right denial allow a settling com-
pany to say that its agreement “is
for settlement purposes only and
does not constitute an admission
by any party that the law has
been violated.” That is tanta-
mount to a denial, Mr. Rosch said,
and should be disallowed.
Mr. Rosch also dissented from
the F.T.C.’s settlement with Goo-
gle on Thursday and in at least
one earlier case. The Google set-
tlement allowed the company to
deny charges that it misrepre-
sented whether it would place
tracking cookies on Apple’s Sa-
fari browser. The F.T.C. is not the only fed-
eral agency that allows a compa-
ny to deny facts that it seems to
be conceding. In July, the Justice
Department settled a case with
the pharmaceutical maker Glaxo-
SmithKline in which the compa-
Letting Companies Settle
While Denying Guilt
Reconsidered by F.T.C.
J. Thomas Rosch, an F.T.C.
commissioner, dissented from
the Facebook settlement.
E-Books From the Library
Electronic books may cost less than physical ones, but the spending
quickly mounts for avid readers who download volumes at will. When
I got the first credit card bill reflecting the feeding of my Nook reader,
it got me wondering about borrowing e-books from the library.
It isn’t as easy as it should be. A study released in June by the Pew
Internet and American Life Project found that 12 percent of adults
who read e-books had borrowed from a library. But more than half of
borrowers said the library did not carry a book they wanted, and half
said that at some point they discovered a waiting list to borrow a book. When I logged onto my local library’s Web site, I had a similar expe-
rience. To my disappointment, I wasn’t able to download books wire-
lessly to my Nook, as I do when buying books online. Instead, I was di-
rected to download Adobe’s e-reader software, Digital Editions, to my
laptop. This took a few minutes and wasn’t entirely intuitive, but it has
to be done only once.
I then had to download the e-book to my laptop and transfer it —
with a USB cable — to my Nook. (Wireless library downloads are pos-
sible with other types of readers.) I could brush off the annoyance if the reward were a meaty selec-
tion of e-books to borrow. Unfortunately, the menu is limited. Many
publishers are nervous that borrowing e-books from libraries will cut
into digital sales, so they refuse to sell them to libraries, or restrict the
number of times a digital book can be borrowed.
For my budget’s sake, I can only hope that publishers and libraries
find a way to cooperate soon on making electronic books more readily
available for borrowing. ANN CARRNS
Libraries were created as a place where those who cannot
afford books could access and borrow them freely. Libraries were one
tool for leveling the educational playing field and enabling the poor to
improve their lot through knowledge acquisition. So, it is jarring to see
persons who clearly can afford to buy books (and who own e-readers)
complaining that they want to be able to borrow books more easily —
so easily that they needn’t even GO to the library. — Kevin R. Kosar, Washington
Home Buying
Still Appeals
Even the deepest housing cri-
sis since the Great Depression
wasn’t enough to dampen Amer-
icans’ desire to own their homes.
A recent study by Fannie Mae,
which analyzed Fannie’s month-
ly housing survey data for all of
2011, found that homeownership
still appealed to a majority of
Americans: 85 percent said own-
ing made more sense than rent-
ing over the long term, and 64
percent of those polled said that
they would buy a home if they
were going to move.
The research also tried to an-
swer what influences consum-
ers’ current homeownership sta-
tus and what would motivate
people to buy or rent in the fu-
The study found that once
consumers bought a home, got a
mortgage and had a positive ex-
perience owning, they wanted to
continue to own. But concern
about affordability — both for
the home purchase and upkeep
— was a major factor that dis-
couraged renters from taking
the plunge. The researchers also
found that exposure to default,
perceived appreciation or depre-
ciation in home value, and self-
reported underwater status —
having a mortgage exceeding a
home’s value — had only a mini-
mal effect on predicting whether
a consumer intended to buy or
rent for their next move. TARA SIEGEL BERNARD
COMMENTS As a homeowner,
landlord and tenant all the same
time, I can tell you the one thing
that influences these decisions
more than anything else. Stabil-
ity. Stable job, stable income, sta-
ble family life — it only makes
sense to own a home and commit
to long-term indebtedness when
you feel this sense of stability. If
the trend in the job market con-
tinues, away from long-term job
stability toward a more dynamic,
flexible work force,the question
for home buyers will be, “How
confident am I that I can find an-
other job should I need to?” Giv-
en current economic conditions,
answer:Not very. Expect the
house buying slump to continue
and rental markets to soar while
those conditions continue to ex-
ist.— Jonathan, Lincoln
After renting an apartment for
many years, we decided to look to
buy in 2011 to take advantage of
low interest rates. But after a
long search, we came to the same
conclusion we had years before:
it just doesn’t make financial
sense. No matter how we crunch
the numbers, our current apart-
ment is less expensive than a
house and it gives us more liquid-
ity, flexibility (who knows when
we might lose a job and need to
move) ... and a lot more free time
then our friends and family who
own. — kt, Ohio
Timing Market
For Textbooks
Students across the country
are getting ready to spend seri-
ous money on college textbooks.
But to get the best deals — on
buying books for the coming se-
mester and on selling your old
texts — it may be worth paying
closer attention to when you shop
and sell.
A recent analysis by Extrabux,
a cash rebate Web site, found that
the best time for students to buy
and sell textbooks was Aug. 20-
26, as well as Jan. 7-13. And the
worst times were Nov. 19-25 and
April 9-15.
“We found that the prices of
many products sold online will
decrease as the number of shop-
pers looking for those products
increases,” said Jeff Nobbs, co-
founder of Extrabux. “Online re-
tailers/sellers want their prices
to be as low as possible when
there are the most consumers in
the market looking for their prod-
The site looked at historical
search trends for textbooks as
well as price data through camel-, which tracks
price fluctuations from Amazon
.com retailers.
The site also found that the
best time to sell was when de-
mand was high and supply was
low. Mr. Nobbs said that students
could get up to 20 percent more
by selling during the right
months, namely July, August and
January. The site discovered the
pattern by analyzing when peo-
ple search to buy and sell books
through Google Trends, and then
juxtaposing that with average
textbook buyback prices
throughout the year from
August is also the best
time to sell back your textbooks
online as book buy-back compa-
nies tend to offer the most money
during this time. I sell back my
textbooks in August to have
money in September to purchase
my books for the next semester. A
good textbook buy-back company
to use is They
give me free shipping and free
tracking, and they pay well and
fast.— evarun21, New Haven
up in Protestant and Catholic
churches,too, and some churches
were particularly serious about
the commitment. Poor Aaron
Smock was the subject of an 1884
article in this newspaper under
the headline,“Smock Must Pay
His Pew Rent.” The Second Re-
formed Protestant Dutch Church
of Freehold, N.J.,sued him when
he fell $600 behind on his bill for
Pew 62. This method of raising money
began to bother religious leaders,
and many moved more formally
to some form of tithing. Mormons
tithed from early on, and offer-
ings were often produce or live-
stock or hardgoods. Many Jewish congregations
adopted what came to be known
as the fair share approach, with
everyone paying theirs. After
World War II, as Jews moved to
the suburbs, another member-
ship model emerged with a single
annual fee for everyone. “These were places where
there was a socioeconomic floor,”
said Rabbi Daniel H. Freelander,
senior vice president of the Union
for Reform Judaism.“All the
houses cost the same.” That said,
dues relief has generally been
available for people who can’t af-
ford the standard amount. (A dis-
closure: I’m on the board of a Re-
form congregation.)
Whatever people pay, however,
it hasn’t always been easy for ad-
ministrators and lay leaders to
get them to donate regularly and
increase their contributions each
year, no matter their faith. Over
the last decade or so, entrepre-
neurs have seized on the opening
and tried to automate the pro-
One big player is a service
called ParishPay, which works
with many Catholic churches and
a few synagogues to help sign up
worshipers to pay via credit or
debit card or automatic payment
from their bank accounts. Nearly
1,000 institutions have joined the
service,and it claims a 20 to 30
percent increase in giving by in-
dividuals who enroll. That’s a nice lift, though the
process is a bit antiseptic given
that no money changes hands at
the house of worship (though
Jews are not supposed to handle
money on Shabbat). Marty
Baker, the lead pastor at Stevens
Creek Church in Augusta, Ga.,
came up with the idea for an in-
church giving kiosk in 2003,when
he wondered whether attendees
with pockets full of plastic might
give more than they were depos-
iting in the collection plate if he
found a way to accept their cards.
Today, his for-profit company
SecureGive has kiosks in
churches, Hindu temples and
some zoos and hospitals,too.
“You could do this at home or
online,” he said. “But there is
something about swiping that
card at church. It’s a reminder
that your gifts are making a dif-
ference in a broader context.”
Few things are more visceral
than the collection plate, howev-
er, and it persists for many rea-
sons. “The liturgical act of plac-
ing an offering of money into the
offertory plate is understood to
be a form of worship,” said the
Rev. Laurel Johnston, the officer
for stewardship in the Episcopal
Church. Episcopalians generally
make annual pledges in the fall
and fulfill them throughout the
year through electronic pay-
ments or by making periodic pay-
ments via an envelope that they
put in the collection plate. Regular worshipers with a reg-
ular paycheck may also appreci-
ate the formality of handing over
hard currency each week if they
believe in the idea of paying God
first. Then,there are the parents
who like the fact that their chil-
dren see everyone else giving and
can toss in a few coins of their
Finally, there’s the peer pres-
sure of having others’ eyes on you
as the plate goes around. “Some
would call it Catholic guilt,” said
Matt Golis, a lifelong Catholic and
chief executive of ParishPay’s
parent company, YapStone. Many
churches that allow electronic
giving encourage those who have
used it to drop a symbolic receipt
of sorts into the collection plate if
they wish. At Mormon meeting houses,
there is no plate, and electronic
payments are rare. “Credit cards
are not permitted, as the associat-
ed transaction fees are prohibi-
tive,” a church spokesman,Eric
Hawkins,said in an e-mail mes-
This year, the church revised
its slips, taking off things like
“temple construction” and “per-
petual education” (to help Mor-
mon youth from developing
areas) from the written list of
things you could direct your
money to via the slip, though you
can still write items in next to an
Other category. A new disclosure on the slip
noted that “though reasonable ef-
forts will be made globally to use
donations as designated, all dona-
tions become the church’s prop-
erty and will be used at the
church’s sole discretion to further
the church’s overall mission.” The
old one had similar sole discretion
language but referred to the
church’s missionary programs
and not its overall mission. It’s a bit of an uncomfortable
shift, especially in light of a recent
Bloomberg Business Week cover
story about the Mormon Church’s
many for-profit businesses and
the billion-dollar mall it recently
opened in downtown Salt Lake
City. “It’s not like we need an annual
report, though that would be
nice,” said Jon Anderton, a securi-
ties trader in Seattle and co-
founder of the Modern Mormon
Men blog. “But what is the
church’s mission as it relates to
some of these expenditures?”
Mr. Hawkins, the church
spokesman, said that the removal
of line items did not represent a
loss of transparency. “In fact,
some see it as an increase in
transparency that the church de-
clares that it will do its best to en-
sure those funds are used as indi-
cated, but that in some instances
that may not be the case,” he
wrote. Mormons have other ways
of giving aside from using the
slips, though the money ends up
in the same place.
The new language may well
raise questions for skeptical Mor-
mons, but it’s no secret that every
religion has its share of loud de-
bates about financial steward-
ship. Sorting those out requires
an entirely different conversation. For lay leaders or worshipers of
any religion who wish to make the
handing over of money both
seamless and holy, one of the cen-
tral questions is this: Is it true
that any payment that can be
automated should be automated
for those who wish to give that
It’s hard to argue with the re-
sults that ParishPay claims to
achieve with people who use the
service. Giving regular amounts,
on time and without fail whether
you’re at your house of worship
that week or not, sure seems pi-
ous. It doesn’t preclude putting
more cash in a collection plate ei-
ther. So it wouldn’t surprise me if the
next revision of the Mormon tith-
ing slip added a credit card op-
tion,too. Card Swipes in Church Make Giving Easier
From First Business Page
Tithing done the old way,
above, at Harmony Mission-
ary Baptist Church in Fort
Worth, which passes a basket.
At left, the tithing slip filled
out by members of the Mor-
mon Church.
trict attorney’s office are con-
cerned that they could be in the
state banking regulator’s sights,
according to federal authorities
who spoke on the condition of an-
onymity. Details in each bank’s case
were different, with the interna-
tional banks suspected of using
their United States subsidiaries
to process tainted money for cli-
ents that included Iran, Cuba, Su-
dan and sponsors of terrorist
groups. But none of the cases
took issue with U-turn transac-
tions with Iran that occurred be-
fore November 2008, the officials
said. In June, for example, the Jus-
tice Department and the Manhat-
tan prosecutor’s office reached a
$619 million settlement with ING
Bank over accusations that it had
illegally moved billions of dollars
into the United States for Cuban
and Iranian entities that were un-
der sanctions. Transactions with
Iran, rather than taking a U-turn
and heading back offshore, ended
up in the United States — thus vi-
olating the law. Now, federal law enforcement
officials have been fielding a flur-
ry of worried calls from bank ex-
ecutives concerned that the rules
have suddenly changed, accord-
ing to former and current offi-
cials involved in the conversa-
tions. Some banks, the officials said,
are trying to anticipate how they
will navigate the apparent shift-
ing terrain between state and fed-
eral law. The worry, the authori-
ties said, is that the state banking
regulator could decide that past
transactions, which were legal
under federal law, violate a state
law. According to the federal au-
thorities, one question continues
to emerge: Will New York State
take issue with these transac-
tions? Mr. Lawsky’s order against
Standard Chartered cited several
apparent violations of state laws,
among them that the bank “failed
to maintain or make available at
its New York branch office true
and accurate books, accounts and
records” of transactions includ-
ing “Iranian U-turn transac-
tions.” The order also claims that
the bank falsified records “with
the intent to deceive the superin-
tendent and examiners, supervi-
sors and lawyers of the depart-
ment and representatives of oth-
er U.S.regulatory agencies.”
With his move against Stand-
ard Chartered, Mr. Lawsky “has
created utter turmoil,” said a fed-
eral official who insisted on ano-
nymity because the conversa-
tions with the bank executives
were private. Mr. Lawsky and a spokesman
declined to comment for this arti-
Executives at the British bank
HSBC, which has branches
throughout the state, are baffled
about what Mr. Lawsky’s claims
mean for the bank’s New York
HSBC is under investigation by
federal authorities for suspected
money laundering violations con-
nected to Iran, Mexico, Saudi
Arabia, Cuba and North Korea,
and the bank has set aside $700
million to cover potential fines.
The bank declined to comment.
Representatives for Barclays,
ING and Lloyds also declined to
comment. The banks are not the only
ones caught off guard. The Jus-
tice Department, which is investi-
gating Standard Chartered, was
on the verge of concluding that
virtually all of the bank’s trans-
actions with Iran complied with
the law, according to current and
former authorities,who, like oth-
ers interviewed on the matter, de-
clined to be identified.
At meetings over the last cou-
ple of weeks, the officials said,
momentum was building to not
pursue a criminal case against
the bank. Also helping Standard
Chartered’s cause, the officials
said, was the bank’s genuine co-
operation with authorities. It has
been providing data on years of
transactions to the authorities
since 2010.
“There was not much there
there,” one of the officials said.
Standard Chartered has taken
a similar view, fiercely arguing
that most of the transactions —
all but $14 million — on behalf of
Iranian banks and corporations
were permitted under the law as
it existed until 2008. Further, the
bank argued that it had exam-
ined the transactions and found
that they had nothing to do with
terrorist organizations.
A Justice Department spokes-
woman declined to comment. Since Monday, Mr. Lawsky has
been unapologetic about his or-
der against Standard Chartered,
which requires the bank to ex-
plain the apparent violations of
law in a meeting on Wednesday
and justify why its license to op-
erate in New York should not be
revoked. “This is a case about
Iran, money laundering and na-
tional security,” Mr. Lawsky said
in a statement on Wednesday. A spokesman said the depart-
ment had not yet decided wheth-
er the hearing would be public.
Benjamin M. Lawsky, a New York state regulator, has been unapologetic about his order against Standard Chartered on Monday.
Accusations Against Bank Cast Chill Over the Industry
From First Business Page
Has your house of worship
made innovations in collecting
the funds it needs to pay its bills?
Join the discussion.
HE real estate market has start-
ed to rebound,but it has been a
rough five years. Many people
have been forced to hang on to
homes they no longer want or can af-
ford. Desperation has crept in.
This was what I thought when I was
contacted in early May by the assistant
for a man named Bob Fisher. Mr. Fisher
wanted to meet to talk about a property
he was selling. I had no idea who he was
and figured he just wanted free publici-
But I took a look at his Web site for
the property, Sagee Manor, and was
drawn in. Sagee Manor is a full-blown
estate —a 10,000-square-foot mansion
with a 2,500-square-foot guesthouse sit-
ting on a mountain top in Highlands,
N.C., a resort town. It is surrounded by
professionally designed gardens. The
asking price was $18 million to $25 mil-
lion, depending on how many acres the
buyer wanted. There are many oversize homes lin-
gering on the market from the boom
years. What intrigued me was that Mr.
Fisher was selling it himself. Moreover,
he made a point of saying he had re-
fused to list it with a broker and would
sell it by August. I passed on the meeting. But a few
weeks later, Mr. Fisher’s sales tour
brought him back to New York, and I
met him for coffee.
He told me a bit about himself. He
graduated from the University of Vir-
ginia and Yale Law School, where his
classmates included Bill Clinton. He
practiced law in Atlanta but began in-
vesting in businesses along the way, in-
cluding investments in the wireless
spectrum for two-way radios,which
was sold to a company that merged with
Nextel,and in a company that owned
300 cellular towers in Atlanta and was
sold to American Tower. Mr. Fisher said
he and a partner sold both companies
“substantially for stock.” Though he
wouldn’t disclose how many shares
each got, he did say, “We both did very
well.” By his 40s, he had retired and bought
the land that would become Sagee Man-
or. He said he paid $4 million for the 50
acres in 1999. Then he set about building
on a grand scale. “We wanted architec-
ture that had a sense of taste,but that
was classic and not trendy,” Mr. Fisher,
now 63, said. “We didn’t want it to be ob-
solete in 300 years because it was dat-
ed.” In 2005, he and his wife moved in,
spending six months a year there. They
named it after a road that led up the
mountain. So why, I wanted to know, af-
ter living there for such a short time,
was he looking to sell? Mr. Fisher said he came out of retire-
ment in 2009 to revive a family business,
Wesley International, which makes a
forkliftlike machine called the pallet
mule. He thought this would be tempo-
rary, but it became a full-time job. At the
same time, he said,his stock in Nextel
and American Tower wasn’t worth what
it had been in 1999. So in February of this year, he de-
cided it was time to sell.
One reason he decided to do it himself
was that he had listed two log cabins in
another part of Highlands for $2.2 mil-
lion with two local brokers and had not
received an offer in two years. The other reason is unique to the very
wealthy: he had been successful in busi-
ness and figured those skills would
translate to selling Sagee Manor. “I saw my real estate agents dribble
out a little bit of advertising for two
years,” he said. “What I saw in the auc-
tion model made more sense to me. It
was a Colin Powell overwhelming force
approach.” Yet he didn’t want to auction off his
mansion. “I sensed it takes a lot of the
romance out of the sale,” he said. “It
also has negative connotations with fi-
nancial distress.”
Mr. Fisher stressed to me that he
didn’t need to sell Sagee Manor. He has
a $2 million mortgage on it,which is
small compared with the value of the es-
tate,and the annual upkeep is $350,000,
which he said he considered manage-
able. But he also owns two other homes,
in Atlanta and Sea Island, Ga., where he
lives, as well as the unsold log cabins.
So he has a lot of real estate he isn’t us-
ing. “The indications are at this point
there will be multiple buyers,” he told
me in May. “We’ve got a lot of interest
coming up. It’s proof of concept.”
Was he too optimistic?There is little
sales data on this rarefied market. Law-
rence Yun, chief economist for the Na-
tional Association of Realtors, said sales
had picked up in the past year for
homes over $1 million —but Sagee
Manor is in a different category. “You have to find a one-of-a-kind buy-
er, which is not necessarily the easiest
thing to do,” Mr. Yun said. Elizabeth Salzarulo, owner of Harry
Norman Realtors in Highlands, sent me
listings for only four homes in the area
priced over $5 million. There are 160
homes listed for $1.5 million to $5 mil-
When I checked back with Mr. Fisher
in July, his strategy had stalled. “When-
ever you’re involved in something like
this, it’s amazing to see how naïve you
were,” he said. He said he had spent
over $270,000 on newspaper ads,includ-
ing in The New York Times, and had
been paying $500 to $1,000 a day for a
Google service to get his Web site
ranked high. He also has two full-time
employees and three part-time workers
trying to sell the property. But he hasn’t given up. He has start-
ed sending out personalized photo
books to 500 wealthy people he has
identified as top prospects,at a cost of
$50 a book. But I was most intrigued by his effort
to create a network of people connected
to wealthy people,from real estate
agents to hair dressers,and offer an in-
centive that reminded me of “Willy
Wonka and the Chocolate Factory.” The
golden ticket is a $250,000 finder’s fee to
the person who refers the eventual buy-
er. “I’d be lying if I said it wasn’t a fac-
tor,” said Dennis Gadbois, owner of
Preston Gym in Dallas. “Bob has done
all the legwork. All I have to do is direct
people to him.” George Elliott, who owns a hair salon
in Palm Beach, Fla., said that he was
used to helping out local brokers but
that most of them were legally con-
strained in how they could reward him.
He said he would try to help Mr. Fisher
but wasn’t sure that Highlands was
right for the New York-Palm Beach set. “It’s tough to fly a plane in there, and
it’s tough to land a helicopter,” he said. Mr. Fisher is admired in Highlands
for leading the capital campaign that
built the Bascom art center. But several
people expressed doubt about his strat-
One, who described himself as a
friend, pointed out that having 130 peo-
ple in his network did not mean Mr.
Fisher had 130 people working to sell his
estate. “It’s like having five people
watch a car wreck,and no one is calling
the police because it’s not their prob-
lem,” the friend said. Mr. Fisher’s approach is also the sub-
ject of some talk in this close-knit South-
ern community, which has just 3,000
year-round residents. “Everyone in
town is thinking, What compelled him
to do this?” the friend said. “Other peo-
ple are offended because he wants to
take advantage of our networks. ‘I want
to call your billionaire friends.’ Maybe
he’s learned something from this,but I
really think he’s just spent a lot of
Even people who are helping him say
they were initially taken aback. “I didn’t
think he was a real person until I looked
him up on the Internet,” said Randall
Mize, director of aircraft management
at Starbase Aviation in Dallas. But they met a month ago when Mr.
Fisher rented a car to drive to Dallas
from Houston. Mr. Mize said he liked
him and shared his database of private
jet owners. While it looks as if Mr. Fisher’s Au-
gust deadline will pass without success,
he is not giving up. When I talked to him
this week, he said seven qualified buy-
ers had visited since June,but none
made an offer.
“I used a lot of the skills I used in my
past successes,” he said. “I don’t know
how it’s going to turn out. I have confi-
dence in it. But I want to be careful.”
For Sale by Owner, a Multimillion-Dollar Mountain Estate
Bob Fisher at Sagee Manor in Highlands, N.C. He is trying to sell the 50-acre estate,which he bought in 1999,but he has had no luck finding a buyer.
RIENDS of ours recently moved
from the New York City area to
Utah after 12 years in the North-
east. They planned to return one
day to Utah, where they had grown up
and where family and friends still lived.
But not so soon and not like this.
My friend graduated in 2000 from the
Stern School of Business at New York
University and quickly landed a job as
an equity trader.
But then he was caught in the wheels
of a merger in early 2009 and laid off
with hundreds of his colleagues. It was
a terrible time to look for work, as we all
remember, and it wasn’t until a year
and a half later that he landed another
job as a trader. Six months later,he was laid off again
as part of a global restructuring of his
new company.
My friend, who asked that I use his
middle name, Dean,because he is still
looking for work,is, unfortunately, like
so many people these days — facing not
one, but two layoffs as his profession
shifts and shudders around him. “The first time,it’s easier when it’s
merger-related — it doesn’t feel as per-
sonal,” Dean told me. “But when you’re
one of two guys being laid off,you think,
‘Why me?’ I start thinking, ‘How can I
be the one guy with a good degree who
is going to be chronically unem-
After hanging on another year and a
half, Dean and his family decided that
for financial reasons they had to move
back to Utah and regroup. He is still
looking for a job in the same field, but
hopes his master’s degree and 10 years
of experience on Wall Street “will stand
out a lot more here.”
It’s hard enough to deal with one lay-
off. But when another one happens —
and then perhaps yet another — it’s aw-
fully hard to pick yourself up and shake
yourself off. And that is especially true
if it’s a sign that your profession is
shrinking and there may not be room
for you in it anymore.
Another friend, Lucia, who also asked
that her middle name be used because
she is looking for another position, first
lost her job when a magazine where she
worked as an editor closed in 2007. She
did full-time freelancing for about a
year, until she was hired by another ma-
jor magazine.
Then, “in 2010, 40 percent of the staff
was laid off,” Lucia said, and she found
herself in the job market again.
“I started thinking that I was not go-
ing to be able to stay in journalism,” she
said. She eventually found another
magazine job, but isn’t thrilled with it.
For Lucia, it’s not just the lack of jobs,
but the way the profession has shrunk
and changed that makes her question
her place in it.
“Should I look at nonprofits?” she
asked.“Should I go to school to train as
a teacher? I wouldn’t be able to stop
working and go to school.I couldn’t af-
ford it.” Cheryl Heisler,president and founder
of Lawternatives,which provides ca-
reer counseling for lawyers exploring
transitions to other fields,said:
“There’s an emotional as well as a fi-
nancial toll with multiple layoffs, even if
it has nothing to do with you personally.
I’ve seen people in outplacement who
are kind of shellshocked. Each time,
they have to rebuild.”
Ms. Heisler said she began her busi-
ness in 1995, and “when I first started, I
was only seeing lawyers frustrated with
the practice and wanting to leave. Now I
see lawyers who would love to have a
job in the legal profession, but it’s not in
the cards” because there are no posi-
tions available.
Of course, being forced to make a
change is not always a bad thing. Shane
Fischer,a lawyer in Florida, graduated
in 2001 and was let go from two different
firms because of lack of available work.
“I was disillusioned, frustrated,” Mr.
Fischer said. “I figured I could either
spend several more months looking for
a job and get fired on a whim or I could
start my own firm and not worry about
getting fired.”
So that’s what he did. For the last five
years,he has been a sole practitioner
doing general litigation with an empha-
sis on criminal defense.
“It’s a struggle but at the end of the
day, when I work hard, I know I’m
working hard for me and I don’t have to
justify why I didn’t bring in 10 percent
more to a senior partner,” he said. “I’m
actually grateful those old employers let
me go.”
Mr. Fischer did what career counsel-
ors and others say needs to be done:
look at alternatives and, find ways turn
around a bad situation. Jeff Conte,an associate professor of
psychology at San Diego State Universi-
ty, and co-author of “Work in the 21st
Century” (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010),said
there had been little, if any, research on
the issue of multiple layoffs and the neg-
ative effects.
But much of what applies to those
who have been fired once would be true
for those facing the situation a second
or third time. It may sound simplistic,
but keeping structure to one’s day, stay-
ing active, having social support and
keeping healthy are crucial, Professor
Conte said.
“That can separate out people who
are successful at finding jobs from those
who are not,” he said. On the practical side, when you are
job hunting, it is best to address the re-
ality of multiple layoffs upfront, said
Jim Camp,author of “Start with No:
The Negotiating Tools That the Pros
Don’t Want You to Know” (Crown Busi-
ness, 2002).
“I’d say, ‘Before we even begin, I’ve
been laid off four times in the last five
years through no fault of my own. If this
is a problem, let me know and we’ll talk
about it,’” Mr. Camp said.
Ms. Heisler also recommended ways
to make your résumé look less like a se-
ries of job hops by grouping similar jobs
under headings rather than listing them
“If you had three stints in retail, put
them all together under retail experi-
ence,” she said. “It adds heft to the ex-
perience you’ve had.”
But what if you have decided it’s time
to move out of your current profession
altogether? The first step, Professor
Conte said, is to parse out the skills that
can be transferable to other fields.
Ms. Heisler agreed. Agood lawyer,
for example,knows how to communi-
cate, meet deadlines, write and negoti-
ate — skills that can be useful in numer-
ous other fields.
A particularly useful resource is
O*NET OnLine, developed under the
sponsorship of the Department of La-
bor’s Employment and Training Admin-
istration, Professor Conte said. “On O*NET, you can see jobs or pro-
fessions with similar skills to yours and
can see where jobs and professions are
growing or predicted to grow,” he said.
Another helpful tool, he added, is the
Occupational Outlook Handbook, pub-
lished every two years by the Depart-
ment of Labor Statistics, which predicts
which fields will expand and which will
contract. And within a given field, it de-
scribes the different sorts of jobs and
typical salaries.
Doing this kind of research not only
can help you decide which careers to
pursue, but also makes you feel emo-
tionally better because you are doing
something, Professor Conte said, not
just sitting on the couch watching info-
Staying optimistic, as much as possi-
ble, may seem impossible on some days,
but it’s necessary, Mr. Camp added.
“You need to think, What can I do differ-
ently on the positive side?Otherwise,
it’s easy to stay locked in a world of de-
Laid Off More Than Once,
And Seeking a Career
Shane Fischer, a lawyer in Florida, was let go from two different firms.He
said he started his own firm so he could avoid getting fired.
Looking at alternative
employment to turn
around a bad situation.
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forcement, Goldman Sachs” ac-
tions were deceptive and immor-
al,” Senator Carl Levin, a Michi-
gan Democrat, said in a state-
By closing its case, the Justice
Department has removed the
taint of a possible indictment
against Goldman, which had al-
ready paid $550 million to settle a
related civil matter brought by
the Securities and Exchange
Commission. “We believe that
the Justice Department’s exami-
nation has been thorough and im-
partial,” said Andrew Williams, a
Goldman Sachs spokesman. Federal prosecutors began in-
vestigating Goldman more than a
year ago after the Senate’s Per-
manent Subcommittee on Inves-
tigations issued a blistering re-
port highlighting questionable
conduct by Goldman and other
banks. It focused on Goldman’s
lucrative business of selling pools
of subprime mortgage securities
to clients while simultaneously
betting on a decline in the hous-
ing market. In effect, the report
concluded that Goldman had
profited by betting against the
very mortgage investments that
it sold to clients.
It also suggested that Lloyd C.
Blankfein, the chief executive of
Goldman, might have misled law-
makers when testifying about the
mortgage deals. Mr. Blankfein
said that the bank never bet
against its clients for its own
As part of the report, Mr. Lev-
in, the chairman of the subcom-
mittee, referred Goldman’s case
to the Justice Department for a
criminal investigation in April
2011. But after investigating Gold-
man for more than a year, the
Justice Department decided not
to bring a case.
“The department and its in-
vestigative partners conducted
an exhaustive review of the re-
port and its exhibits, independ-
ently gathered and scrutinized a
large volume of other documents,
and tenaciously pursued poten-
tial evidentiary leads, including
conducting numerous witness in-
terviews,” the Justice Depart-
ment said in its statement.
Separately, Goldman also dis-
closed on Thursday that the
S.E.C. would not pursue any fur-
ther claims against the bank re-
lated to the sale of a $1.3 billion
mortgage bond deal.
On Friday, legal experts said
that it was always unlikely that
the government would bring a
criminal prosecution against
Goldman Sachs.
Ever since the 2002 indictment
of Arthur Andersen caused the
accounting giant to collapse and
caused thousands of job losses,
the government has been reluc-
tant to bring charges against a
Instead, companies are now
frequently offered so-called de-
ferred prosecution agreements in
which they pay a fine and agree
to government oversight instead
of facing criminal prosecution.
“The likelihood of the Justice
Department indicting a ‘too big
to fail bank’ like Goldman Sachs
was always slim-to-none,” said
Stephen M. Plotnick,a securities
lawyer at Carter Ledyard & Mil-
burn. “And a major hurdle in a
criminal prosecution of Gold-
man’s executives was proving
that they intended to defraud
their clients.”
While the decision not to
charge Goldman was not surpris-
ing, the uncommon public an-
nouncement by the Justice De-
partment raised eyebrows.Be-
cause it is illegal to disclose the
existence of a grand jury investi-
gation, under most circum-
stances criminal inquiries are
shrouded in secrecy. And when
the Justice Department decides
to end a criminal inquiry without
prosecuting, it usually does not
disclose that decision to the pub-
lic — or even to the target of the
The Goldman case, however, fit
within an exception to these se-
crecy rules because of the im-
mense publicity surrounding the
investigation of the bank. Justice
Department lawyers are permit-
ted to comment on investigations
that have leaked to the public or
received substantial media atten-
tion, according to department
For instance, in another case
involving a bank, the Justice De-
partment announced in August
2011 that it had closed a criminal
investigation of Washington Mu-
tual and its former executives
connected to its collapse during
the financial crisis.
The Justice Department has
also announced that it was not
bringing criminal charges in sev-
eral leaked investigations of
prominent politicians, including
the former New York governor
Eliot Spitzer and the former New
Jersey senator Robert Torricelli.
Earlier this year, federal prosecu-
tors in Los Angeles announced
that they had closed their in-
vestigation of Lance Armstrong
without charging him, nearly two
years after they began looking
into accusations that he and his
bicycling teammates had com-
mitted a variety of possible
crimes by doping.
“Leaked investigations are like
storm clouds that hang over com-
panies and individuals, making it
incredibly difficult for businesses
to run or for people to live out
their lives,” said Boyd M. John-
son III, a partner at WilmerHale
and a former federal prosecutor.
“The Department of Justice has a
responsibility to seriously consid-
er issuing public statements of
declination where investigations
have leaked. It is a matter of fun-
damental fairness.”
While it no longer faces the
prospect of criminal charges,
Goldman has absorbed substan-
tial damage to its reputation from
Abacus, the complex subprime
mortgage product that it sold to
clients. And even though it set-
tled with the S.E.C., a midlevel
employee in the bank’s mortgage
unit, Fabrice Tourre,still faces a
civil trial related to the Abacus
transaction. Its public image has
also taken a hit from unflattering
portrayals in the media, includ-
ing its depiction as a “vampire
squid” in a Rolling Stone article.
On Friday, Mr. Levin said that
the Justice Department’s deci-
sion only highlighted the need for
stiffer regulations for Wall Street
banks under the new Dodd-Frank
financial reform laws.
“Yesterday’s announcement
makes it even more important
that regulators implement Dodd-
Frank with rules that do not wa-
ter it down, and that they enforce
those rules with vigor,” he said.
“The integrity of our financial
markets and the strength of our
economy demand that we make
sure that actions such as Gold-
man Sachs’s and other recently
discovered misdeeds by financial
institutions are ended.”
U.S. Goldman Disclosure,
A Rare Break in Secrecy,
Leaves Some Unconvinced
Senator Carl Levin, above,
had harsh words for Goldman
Sachs. A report suggested that
Lloyd C. Blankfein, left, the
Goldman chief,might have
misled lawmakers when testi-
fying about mortgage deals.
A senator said the
bank’s actions were
From First Business Page
cial case. In 2008, people with
large stock portfolios and other
less liquid assets were dispropor-
tionately hit with large losses on
paper. One of the oddities of the
tax code is that capital gains tax-
es are discretionary, since they
must be paid only when gains are
realized. And they can be offset
by losses. The silver lining in a
bad year like 2008 for wealthy
people is that they can “harvest”
losses by selling assets, then use
those losses to offset any gains.
They can also carry forward the
losses to offset gains in future
There’s ample evidence that
happened in 2009 among the rich-
est taxpayers. Their average in-
come, $202 million, dropped from
$270 million in 2008 and was the
lowest since 2004. Like Mr. Rom-
ney in 2010, for the richest tax-
payers most income comes from
capital gains and other invest-
ment income. Their net capital
gains (the data doesn’t include
gross gains and losses) dropped
by nearly 40 percent, from an av-
erage of $154 million in 2008 to
$93 million in 2009, which ac-
counts for nearly all of their drop
in total income. Even with these
lower gains, these 400 taxpayers,
a minuscule fraction of the popu-
lation at large, still managed to
account for 16 percent of all capi-
tal gains. That is the highest per-
centage since the data was first
released for 1992, when that per-
centage was less than 6 percent.
Tax experts I consulted said
these results almost certainly re-
flected aggressive use of tax-loss
carry-forwards from 2008, since
the stock market bottomed in
March 2009 and rallied strongly
during the rest of the year.
The superrich also accounted
for a disproportionate amount of
dividend income, which averaged
over $26 million for the top 400, or
over 6 percent of total dividend
income, also a record. Capital
gains and dividends are both
taxed at a maximum rate of 15
percent, as opposed to the maxi-
mum rate on earned income of 35
percent, which helps explain why
so many of the superrich pay a
relatively low rate. Still, that pref-
erential rate doesn’t get them
anywhere near zero, or even 10
Edward Kleinbard,professor
of law at the Gould School of Law
at the University of Southern Cal-
ifornia, explained it this way,
“You start with income dominat-
ed by tax-preferred income —
capital gains and qualified divi-
dends. That gets you to 15 per-
cent. Then you use charitable
contributions of appreciated se-
curities to reduce ordinary in-
come. But the charitable contri-
bution deduction is capped at 50
percent of adjusted gross income.
Now you’re way down, but you’re
not at zero.”
What does it take to get to zero,
or close to it? According to Pro-
fessor Kleinbard, there are only
two additional ways: tax loss car-
ry-forwards to offset capital
gains, and tax shelters, many of
which have been deemed abusive
by the I.R.S., to offset any re-
maining ordinary income after
other deductions.
(Other possibilities are the for-
eign tax credit and general busi-
ness credit, but total tax credits
averaged only $2.4 million for the
top 400, and neither would seem
to be of much benefit to Mr. Rom-
Since Mr. Romney seems to
have had relatively little ordinary
income since leaving Bain Capi-
tal, he may have been able to get
to a very low rate in 2009 using
tax loss carry-forwards from 2008
to offset capital gains and chari-
table contributions to offset up to
50 percent of his ordinary in-
come. Without access to the re-
turns, it’s impossible to know
whether he would also have
needed some additional form of
tax shelter, aggressive or other-
wise, to get even lower, or even to
Mr. Romney has been taken to
task for an abusive tax shelter
used by Marriott International in
1994 while Mr. Romney was on
the board and audit committee
there.But there’s been no direct
evidence he knew the details, and
in any event, the I.R.S. started
cracking down on such shelters
in 2000, making it highly unlikely
Mr. Romney would have em-
braced the strategy for his own
returns within the last decade. He’s also been faulted for treat-
ing a horse partly owned by his
wife as a loss-generating passive
investment, rather than as a hob-
by.Even though that had little ef-
fect on his overall tax liability,
Professor Kleinbard contends
that that and other tax avoidance
measures demonstrate a propen-
sity to engage in aggressive tax
But even Professor Kleinbard
doubts that Mr. Romney paid no
income tax. “It’s possible theoret-
ically that Romney didn’t pay,
but improbable,” he said. Far
more likely is that he paid a very
low rate that would generate re-
newed criticism.
This may help explain why Mr.
Romney is refusing to release
more of his own returns, espe-
cially those for 2009. On the face
of it, his stubbornness is perplex-
ing. The electorate already
knows that he’s immensely
wealthy and that he pays a very
low tax rate compared with many
people who make far less.
There’s no reason to fault Mr.
Romney for taking advantage of
loopholes the tax code offers the
superrich, however ill advised
they may be as a matter of public
policy. Mr. Romney didn’t make
the law, and he’s called for broad-
ening the tax base, which pre-
sumably means eliminating some
of the breaks that benefited him.
He could easily speak to that is-
sue, since who would know better
than he does which loopholes
should be closed?
Senator John McCain,the for-
mer Republican presidential can-
didate who received 23 years of
Mr. Romney’s returns as part of
the vice-presidential vetting pro-
cess in 2008, has volunteered that
“I can personally vouch for the
fact that there was nothing in his
tax returns that would in any way
be disqualifying for him to be a
candidate.” Something that
would disqualify, him, as opposed
to merely alienating voters, may
be a pretty high bar, but presum-
ably it rules out anything illegal
or unethical. Senator McCain de-
clined to be more specific.
Which leaves plenty of room
for speculation, informed or oth-
erwise. Senator Reid of Nevada,
the majority leader, set off a me-
dia storm when he told The Huf-
fington Post the week before last
that a former Bain Capital invest-
or had told him Mr. Romney
“didn’t pay any taxes for 10
years,” adding, “I’m not certain”
if that’s true.It can’t be — Mr.
Romney must have paid sales,
property and other taxes. Pre-
sumably Senator Reid’s un-
named source meant that Mr.
Romney paid no federal income
tax for years.
The candidate promptly denied
the claim, saying he had paid tax-
es every year. Still, he was vague,
telling ABC News he “couldn’t
remember” whether he paid less
than his 2010 federal income tax
rate of 13.9 percent in some years
and didn’t specify which taxes he
And when Senator McCain said
there was nothing “disqualify-
ing” in Mr. Romney’s returns, he
would not have seen Mr. Rom-
ney’s returns for 2009, which
were filed after his vice-presiden-
tial vetting.
As long as Mr. Romney with-
holds his returns, continued spec-
ulation, and even outlandish con-
jecture, will probably flourish.
“It’s reinforced my view that he’d
be better off just releasing the re-
turns rather than having people
blindly speculating,” Leonard E.
Burman,a tax specialist and pro-
fessor of public affairs at the
Maxwell School of Syracuse Uni-
versity, told me this week. “It
seems like one of those slow-drip
water torture things, and eventu-
ally he’s going to have to do it.”
For the record, I paid total tax
of 37 percent in 2010 and 33 per-
cent in 2011. And should there be
a groundswell of interest, I’ll re-
lease my results for as many
years as anyone wants. I haven’t
done the calculations for years
before 2010, but I’d be surprised if
they’re much different.
What’s abundantly clear,both
from Mr. Romney’s 2010 returns
and from the returns of the top
400,is that at the very pinnacle of
taxpayers, the United States has
a regressive tax system. The top
400 earn more than 1 percent of
all income in the United States,
more than double their share in
1992. These 400 earned a total of
$81 billion in 2009 — but paid an
average tax rate of just 19.9 per-
“It’s regressive because capital
gains and dividends dominate
the top returns and are taxed at a
preferential rate,” Professor
Kleinbard said.
Professor Burman added:
“Our tax code has a number of
flaws, one of which is that it does-
n’t do a very good job of discrimi-
nating based on income. It is pro-
gressive over all, but very high-
income people can pay very little
tax. How they avoid tax is an im-
portant and legitimate issue we
should be talking about.”
In the Superrich, Clues to What Might Be in Romney’s Returns
From First Business Page
Top 400
with an
effective tax rate of:
Top 400’s share of all income from capital gains
Top 400
Top 1 percent
All taxpayers
The Top 400: Lower Taxes and More C
tal G
ns and D
The 400 taxpayers with the highest adjusted gross income, earned less in 2009, the latest year for which data is available, than in the two previous years. Many had tax rates lower than 15 percent because much of their income was from capital gains and dividends, which are taxed at lower rates than ordinary income. Sources: Internal Revenue Service; Bureau of Labor Statistics (to adjust for inflation)
million 30
% %
Average adjusted gross income for the top 400, in 2009 dollars
Taxes paid
’92 ’95 ’00 ’05 ’09 ’92 ’95 ’00 ’05 ’09 ’92 ’95 ’00 ’05 ’09
10% TO
15% TO
20% TO
25% TO
30% TO
OVER 35%
He paid no federal
taxes? Unlikely, tax
experts say, but the
rate is probably low.
By Reuters
Stocks on Wall Street were
mostly higher on Friday as the
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock in-
dex ran its streak of daily gains to
six sessions, but activity was
light and gains were small as the
market slogged through the start
of a seasonally slow period.
The Dow and the S.& P.500
closed out their fifth straight
week of gains, led once again by
expectations for global central
bank stimulus despite discourag-
ing signs for worldwide growth,
including weak data from China.
Over all, the S.& P.has gained
0.3 percent over the last three
sessions, a sign that while invest-
ors are not looking to cut posi-
tions, they are also reluctant to
make robust moves above the
three-month highs the S.& P.has
been hovering around.
“It makes sense that we’d take
a bit of a breather, but momen-
tum has been strong, and the fact
that we’ve held steady despite a
lack of good news is a good sign
the trend will continue,” said Joe
Bell,senior equity analyst at
Schaeffer’s Investment Research
in Cincinnati.
Volume was extremely light,
with about 4.97 billion shares
traded on the New York Stock
Exchange, the American Stock
Exchange and Nasdaq, well be-
low last year’s daily average of
7.84 billion.
Manchester United made its
trading debut on Friday, but the
stock closed at $14,the same as
the initial public offering price.
The stock offering had drawn
some attention because of the
prominence of the British soccer
club, but trading volume dimin-
ished shortly after shares began
The stock priced well below its
expected range on Thursday,
valuing the team at $2.3 billion.
Yahoo shares fell 5.4 percent, to
$15.15,a day after the company
said it might reconsider what it
does with the cash it gets from a
multibillion-dollar sale of half of
its stake in the Alibaba Group.
Yahoo previously promised to re-
turn most of the cash to share-
For the week, the Dow rose 0.9
percent,the S.& P.500 climbed 1.1
percent and the Nasdaq ad-
vanced 1.8 percent.The Nasdaq
has gained in four of the last five
The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age rose 42.76 points,or 0.32 per-
cent,to 13,207.95.The Standard &
Poor’s 500-stock index added 3.07
points,or 0.22 percent,at 1,405.87.
The Nasdaq composite index ad-
vanced 2.22 points,or 0.07 per-
cent,to close at 3,020.86.
Data on Chinese trade and
bank lending suggested that pro-
growth policies had been insuffi-
cient in the face of weak demand
from China’s trading partners,
and more urgent government ac-
tion might be needed to stabilize
the economy. Data on Chinese ex-
ports included a 16 percent de-
cline in shipments to Europe
compared with a year ago.
Trading on the stock markets
has been relatively light in Au-
gust, ahead of what is anticipated
to be a busier September,when
investors return from summer
holidays and central banks, in-
cluding the Federal Reserve and
the European Central Bank, may
swing into action.
The European Central Bank is
expected to act soon, though not
before September, to lower pun-
ishing borrowing costs for Spain
and Italy as a way to stabilize the
euro zone’s economy.
The expectation of central
bank action, however, may give
support to equities as investors
think twice about shorting the
market on the possibility of any
Some economists said China’s
central bank could move this
weekend to ease policy. It has cut
banks’ required reserve ratio in
three steps since November to
free up new lending,and it cut in-
terest rates in June and July.
Interest rates were lower. The
Treasury’s benchmark 10-year
note rose 10
, to 99
, and the
yield fell to 1.66 percent from 1.70
percent late Thursday.
A Light Day of Trading Caps a 5th Straight Week of Gains for Wall Street
The Dow Minute by Minute
Position of the Dow Jones industrial average at 1-minute intervals yesterday.
Source: Bloomberg
10 a.m.Noon 2 p.m.4 p.m.
Previous close
WASHINGTON (Reuters) —
Import prices fell unexpectedly
in July for the fourth consec-
utive month as costs declined for
imported oil, industrial supplies
and even many consumer goods,
the Labor Department said on
Friday, further reducing infla-
tion pressures.
Overall import prices dropped
0.6 percent last month, the agen-
cy said.They have risen only
once in the last eight months.
Analysts expected import
prices to rise 0.1 percent in July,
and the decline could give the
Federal Reserve more flexibility
to ease monetary policy if policy
makers thought the economy
needed it.
Still, an increase in the rate of
hiring in July has led some econ-
omists to question whether the
Fed is ready for a new round of
bond purchases, a strategy
known as quantitative easing.
Even with import prices sag-
ging, “people are still going to
wonder whether the Fed will
embark into another round of
quantitative easing,” said Rob-
bert Van Batenburg, head of eq-
uity research at Louis Capital
Markets in New York.
Despite the downward trend
in prices, analysts pointed out
that much of the decline had re-
sulted from a decrease in the
cost of oil.
“At the core level, declines in
prices are unlikely to be signif-
icantly felt at the consumer lev-
el,” said Peter Newland, an econ-
omist with Barclays Capital in
New York.
Prices fell for goods and serv-
ices bought from most of Ameri-
ca’s major trading partners, in-
cluding China, Mexico and the
European Union. That could be a
sign of the recent cooling in the
global economy, which has been
largely caused by Europe’s debt
Prices of Chinese imports
dropped 0.2 percent in July, and
prices for imported petroleum
slipped 1.6 percent. Excluding
fuel, import prices were down
0.4 percent.
Many prices for consumer
goods also fell. Excluding autos,
prices for consumer goods were
down 0.1 percent.
The Labor Department report
also showed that export prices
rose 0.5 percent last month. Ana-
lysts had expected them to be
A rise in the price of agricul-
tural goods fueled the increase
in export prices.Excluding agri-
culture, export prices fell 0.3
Imports Cost Less in July
As Oil Prices Edged Down
port-oriented countries in Asia,
prompting rate cuts and other
economy-bolstering steps from
governments across the region in
recent months. More steps are
likely to follow.
Data released Friday showed
that the growth in overseas ship-
ments from China ground to a
near halt in July, with exports up
1 percent from the same month a
year earlier, far below expecta-
tions and well beneath the 11.3
percent gain in June.
Imports, too, disappointed,
with an increase of 4.7 percent,
underscoring that domestic de-
mand has not been buoyed as
much as hoped by efforts to fos-
ter bank lending and infrastruc-
ture work.
Other government numbers on
Thursday painted a similarly dis-
HONG KONG — Signs that the
Chinese economy is sputtering
mounted on Friday in the form of
feeble trade data that fanned ex-
pectations that Beijing would
soon step up its efforts to but-
tress growth before a leadership
transition this autumn.
China’s giant economy has
emerged as a crucial driver of
global growth, and hopes are
high that rising affluence, urban-
ization and development will help
mitigate the weakness of the Eu-
ropean and United States econo-
But the turmoil in Europe and
the anemic pace of economic
growth in the United States have
increasingly dragged down ex-
ports from China and other ex-
appointing picture: industrial
production, retail sales and fixed-
asset investment all grew less
rapidly than projected.
“Things really aren’t going
China’s way,” Alistair Thornton,
an economist at IHS Global In-
sight in Beijing, said in a note.
“Those looking for signs of resil-
ience in China’s economic data
were merely disappointed yester-
day, but they are going to be dis-
traught today.”
Combined, the July data show
that Beijing’s efforts to shore up
growth in the face of the global
downturn have so far proved in-
sufficient and that a much-antici-
pated pickup in growth is un-
likely to materialize for another
few months.
The central bank cut interest
rates twice in quick succession in
June and July and has also pro-
gressively lowered the reserve
requirement ratio for banks, free-
ing up more cash for lenders to
extend as credit. Central bank
data released Friday, however,
indicated that those moves had
not translated into as much new
lending as hoped.
Chinese banks extended 540.1
billion renminbi, or $85.34 billion,
of new local-currency loans in
July. The amount was larger than
during the same month last year,
but fell short of the roughly 700
billion renminbi analysts had ex-
“There cannot be a sufficient
infrastructure spending boost
without stronger lending, and we
expect Beijing to push banks to
extend more credit,” said Dariusz
Kowalczyk,an economist at Cré-
dit Agricole in Hong Kong.
“Demand is still there, and the
economy is still growing at be-
tween 7 and 8 percent,” he
said.”It is not heading for a hard
But, he added, the poor
external demand and softer
domestic demand are likely to
prompt Beijing “to roll out
additional policy measures to
turn the economy around.”
At the same time, lower
inflation, which dropped to less
than 2 percent in July, has given
the authorities more leeway to
act now. Moreover, the
leadership transition this year
could provide extra impetus to
step on the accelerator sooner
rather than later.
“It’s important for the political
transition to take place in an
environment of growth,” Mr.
Kowalczyk said. “They will want
to do more to make the economy
feel better; they have that time
pressure breathing down their
As a result, many analysts
believe a further cut to the
reserve ratio for banks is
imminent; some also believe the
central bank may lower interest
rates, too, in a bid to ignite more
growth. More spending is also
Signaling a Stalling Economy, China’s Export Growth Is Almost at a Standstill
A pickup is unlikely to
materialize for
another few months. economic distress. The overhaul has been wel-
comed by employers and could
not come at a more pivotal time
for Italy. The economy, the euro
zone’s largest after those of Ger-
many and France, is still among
the world’s richest in terms of net
household wealth. But the Inter-
national Monetary Fund has fore-
cast only a slow recovery for Ita-
ly if the policy changes are not
adopted. The Italian govern-
ment’s debt load is second only to
Greece’s, at 120 percent of gross
domestic product, and the I.M.F.
expects it to rise to 125 percent
this year. Italy also faces a more immi-
nent danger: as the euro crisis
has spread to the region’s other
troubled big economy, Spain, in-
vestors have frequently driven It-
aly’s borrowing costs above 6
percent amid fears that Rome
may eventually have to ask for fi-
nancial help from its European
partners. While labor market overhauls
can help, economists say it is not
certain that they will stoke
growth fast enough to mend Ita-
ly’s finances. “We are still far from providing
an overall new design of Italian
labor market institutions,” Luca
Nunziata, a professor of econom-
ics at the University of Padua,
wrote in a recent report for CESi-
fo, an economic research group.
The question, he said, is whether
the reforms “can put the country
back on track.” Real growth could also depend
on unleashing the potential of
small businesses like Pallini. In
many ways the company, found-
ed in 1875, represents the face of
Italian business. While the “made
in Italy” label is trumpeted with
big-brand icons like Ferrari,
Gucci or Barilla, the backbone of
the economy is the smaller busi-
nesses like Ms. Pallini’s that em-
ploy 10 to 30 people. Often, the
companies have been in the fam-
ily for generations. After World War I, a Pallini
boutique was set up next to the
Pantheon. In the 1960s,Ms. Palli-
ni’s father, Virgilio, expanded
into a more modern factory on
the industrial outskirts of the city,
where the company still makes
its spirits. Today, 26 people are in-
volved in the production and sale
of Pallini’s two top products, sam-
buca romana and limoncello, to
export markets in the United
States and Europe. The privately
held company had 10 million
euros, or $12.3 million, in revenue
last year. On a recent afternoon, workers
slipped bottles of limoncello into
boxes adorned with a florid lem-
on-tree print, and wrapped plas-
tic around cases of liqueur bound
for Belgium. A chemist inspected
a batch of peach alcohol used in
bars worldwide for Bellini cock-
tails, while a machine measured
cinnamon, elder flower and car-
damom destined to infuse a giant
vat of sambuca. But the Pallini dream of taking
the business to greater scale and
profitability has met with obsta-
cles. For one, labor costs are pro-
hibitively high, because of an ar-
ray of taxes that mostly go to-
ward supporting Italy’s lumber-
ing government and an extensive
social safety net. Wages are set
through collective bargaining.
For an average worker with net
take-home pay of 1,100 euros a
month, Ms. Pallini said, the total
cost to her company, including
taxes and social charges, is 2,500
euros. Those costs have risen as the
European crisis deepens, she
added, because the level of taxes
she pays for pensions depends on
the health of public finances,
which have deteriorated rapidly.
Adding a new production shift,
she said, “would mean such a
high cost of manpower that we
would not be able to compete.” What is more, letting go of un-
derperforming workers can often
take up to three years and incur
high legal costs. Employees often
file lawsuits to fight dismissals,
and in many cases judges rule for
their reinstatement. In the mean-
time, the worker continues to be
paid. Ms. Pallini cited a two-year
trial in which a judge reinstated a
grocery store employee who
stole 80 euros ($98) after con-
cluding that the employee should
not lose his job over such a small
amount. In Ms. Pallini’s own factory, an
employee suspected of stealing
had to be watched for two years
before being caught in the act.
Videotape that had captured his
thefts was not admissible in
court, so her father and two em-
ployees had to spend countless
hours gathering watertight evi-
dence to ensure that judges
would not eventually reinstate
the man. By contrast, a private
sector employer in the United
States could have terminated the
worker as soon as a theft was de-
tected, unless a union contract
was involved or antidiscrimina-
tion laws were violated. In another instance, Ms. Pallini
said Italian labor laws allowed an
unproductive worker to exercise
his option of working three years
beyond retirement age, even
though the employee was slow
and unable to operate some cru-
cial machinery. “During that pe-
riod we would have rather hired
someone new and dynamic,” she
said, “but we couldn’t because it
was too costly to just add another
person to the payroll.” Mr. Pallini, her father, is heart-
ened that Mr. Monti is making it
easier for businesses to reduce
their work forces if shrinking
growth imperils them. But he is
waiting to see how the new law
will be applied, especially as the
faltering global economy weighs
on sales. People are drinking more wine
and cutting out expensive cor-
dials in overseas markets where
Pallini exports about 85 percent
of its products, he said. But while
there are less expensive rivals,
Mr. Pallini is resisting cutting
corners. For instance, for its li-
moncello the family continues an
age-old tradition of using large
sfusato lemons grown on the sun-
ny Amalfi Coast, which must be
handpicked and lugged up steep
hills. “That costs money,” he said. All the equipment in their fac-
tory is made in Italy, he pointed
out proudly. Costs could be re-
duced by outsourcing distillation
to Asia, Mr. Pallini said. “But that
is what’s killing the Italian econ-
omy,” he said. In the meantime, as father and
daughter think of ways to grow,
the financial crisis is constantly
on their minds. They are stashing
away capital reserves to avoid re-
lying on banks for any expansion. “Loans are very expensive
now, and they are getting higher
as the spreads on Italian debt
rise,” said Mr. Pallini, citing com-
mercial interest rates of 7 to 10
percent. Several Italian custom-
ers are in dire financial straits, he
added, “because banks are
spending money to buy govern-
ment debt instead of lending to
business.” Pallini has stopped
supplying those customers lest
he not be paid.
The credit squeeze puts Italian
businesses “at a huge disadvan-
tage to German merchants who
are getting financing at 2 per-
cent,” his daughter added. “It
shows how Italy’s huge debt is
really being paid for by every-
one.” Italy is still much better off
than Spain or Greece, Mr. Pallini
insisted. But since the financial
world seems to dictate the course
of countries these days, they are
wary about the future.
“It’s really dangerous now that
we are letting markets dictate the
policies of entire economies,” Ms.
Pallini said. “They drive govern-
ments in a panic to cut funding
for schools, culture, health care
— and my children’s future.”
Her father, meantime, says he
is confident about Italy. “But I
don’t know if I’m confident about
Europe,” he said. Italy Begins to Wrestle With Rewriting Its Stifling Labor Laws
Above, preparing sambuca for distilling. Left, Virgilio Pallini
and his daughter Micaela, who run the 137-year-old company.
From First Business Page
Australia (Dollar) 1.0575 .9456
China (Yuan) .1572 6.3599
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1289 7.7572
India (Rupee) .0181 55.2800
Japan (Yen) .0128 78.2500
Malaysia (Ringgit) .3210 3.1155
New Zealand (Dollar) .8131 1.2299
Pakistan (Rupee) .0106 94.0000
Philippines (Peso) .0239 41.8400
Singapore (Dollar) .8040 1.2438
So. Korea (Won) .0009 1130.7
Taiwan (Dollar) .0334 29.9500
Thailand (Baht) .0318 31.4600
Vietnam (Dong) .0000 20840
Britain (Pound) 1.5690 .6373
Czech Rep (Koruna) .0490 20.4020
Denmark (Krone) .1652 6.0547
Europe (Euro) 1.2293 .8135
Hungary (Forint) .0044 225.34
Gold COMX $/oz 1922.50 1447.70 Oct 12 1618.00 1627.30 1604.40 1620.70 + 2.60 27,832
Silver COMX ¢/oz 4783.50 2610.50 Sep 12 2808.50 2831.50 2753.00 2806.20 ◊ 3.50 48,324
Hi Grade Copper COMX ¢/lb 450.50 309.15 Sep 12 342.50 342.50 336.05 339.25 ◊ 3.25 62,414
Nasdaq 100 2722.96 + 3.35 + 0.12 + 31.35 + 19.54
Composite 3020.86 + 2.22 + 0.07 + 26.87 + 15.96
Industrials 2452.75 ◊ 1.67 ◊ 0.07 + 20.17 + 13.12
Banks 1796.74 ◊ 6.45 ◊ 0.36 + 25.08 + 11.06
Insurance 4475.68 ◊ 3.63 ◊ 0.08 + 21.64 + 4.64
Other Finance 3942.17 ◊ 0.07 0.00 + 21.60 + 14.40
Telecommunications 189.64 ◊ 0.72 ◊ 0.38 + 9.36 ◊ 3.70
Computer 1649.21 + 3.46 + 0.21 + 30.36 + 19.62
Industrials 13207.95 + 42.76 + 0.32 + 23.21 + 8.11
Transportation 5063.55 + 15.32 + 0.30 + 15.68 + 0.87
Utilities 485.14 + 1.39 + 0.29 + 22.20 + 4.40
Composite 4458.84 + 13.85 + 0.31 + 20.89 + 5.36
100 Stocks 646.22 + 1.56 + 0.24 + 27.56 + 13.22
500 Stocks 1405.87 + 3.07 + 0.22 + 25.44 + 11.79
Mid-Cap 400 961.96 + 0.59 + 0.06 + 20.70 + 9.42
Small-Cap 600 451.65 ◊ 0.49 ◊ 0.11 + 25.31 + 8.81
+ 5%
– 5%
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index
+ 5%
– 5%
Nasdaq Composite
+ 5%
– 5%
Dow Jones Industrial Average
3,020.86 +2.22
1.66% –0.04
$92.87 –$0.49
$1,619.70 +$2.60
$1.2293 –$0.0003
13,207.95 +42.76
1,405.87 +3.07
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
NYSE Comp. 8044.76 + 19.75 + 0.25 + 15.95 + 7.59
Tech/Media/Telecom 6068.15 + 28.08 + 0.46 + 17.76 + 10.63
Energy 12709.81 + 24.22 + 0.19 + 12.90 + 2.42
Financial 4530.90 + 7.27 + 0.16 + 14.00 + 11.52
Healthcare 7629.35 + 29.75 + 0.39 + 23.53 + 8.29
American Exch 2449.12 + 9.81 + 0.40 + 13.29 + 7.50
Wilshire 5000 14643.27 + 25.35 + 0.17 + 23.91 + 11.02
Value Line Arith 2957.00 + 3.09 + 0.10 + 21.43 + 9.70
Russell 2000 801.55 ◊ 1.35 ◊ 0.17 + 21.41 + 8.18
Phila Gold & Silver 158.37 + 0.93 + 0.59 ◊ 22.95 ◊ 12.33
Phila Semiconductor 405.96 + 1.98 + 0.49 + 19.56 + 11.39
KBW Bank 46.61 + 0.03 + 0.06 + 28.30 + 18.36
Phila Oil Service 228.88 + 0.75 + 0.33 + 4.45 + 5.83
When the index follows a white line, it is changing at a constant pace; when it moves into a lighter band, the rate of change is faster.
Federal funds 0.25 0.25% %
Prime rate 3.25 3.25
15-yr fixed 2.97 3.42
15-yr fixed jumbo 3.47 4.28
30-yr fixed 3.61 4.22
30-yr fixed jumbo 4.22 4.91
5/1 adj. rate 2.97 2.96
5/1 adj. rate jumbo 2.83 3.37
1-year adj. rate 3.24 2.98
$75K line good credit* 4.22 4.39% %
$75K line excel. credit* 4.22 4.31
$75K loan good credit* 5.39 5.72
$75K loan excel. credit* 5.32 5.48
Home Equity
36-mo. used car 3.59 5.20% %
60-mo. new car 3.08 4.41
uto Loan Rates
Money-market 0.51 0.57% %
$10K min. money-mkt 0.53 0.64
6-month CD 0.47 0.54
1-year CD 0.71 0.88
2-year CD 0.86 1.04
5-year IRA CD 1.47 2.00
CD’s and Money Market Rates
Yesterday’s rate Change from last week
1-year range
Up Flat Down
Months Years
1-mo. ago
1-yr. ago
ield Curve
Fed Funds
Prime Rate10-year Treas.
2-year Treas.
Key Rates
Source: Thomson Reuters
Credit Rating Price
Issuer Name (SYMBOL)
Coupon% Maturity Moody’s S&P Fitch High Low Last Chg Yld%
End of day data. Activity as reported to FINRA TRACE. Market breadth represents activity in all TRACE eligible publicly traded securities. Shown below are the most active fixed-coupon bonds ranked by par value traded. Investment grade or high-yield is determined using credit ratings as outlined in FINRA rules. “C” – Yield is unavailable because of issue’s call criteria.
*Par value in millions.
Source: FINRA TRACE data. Reference information from Reuters DataScope Data. Credit ratings from Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch. Issuer Name provided by S&P Capital IQ
Total Issues Traded 4947 3500 1261 186
Advances 2561 1930 544 87
Declines 2106 1438 578 90
Unchanged 162 57 99 6
52 Week High 292 185 95 12
52 Week Low 59 37 20 2
Dollar Volume
13,024 7,885 4,448 690
All Investment High
Issues Grade Yield Conv
Market Breadth
Most Active
Time warner new (twx) 3.400 Jun ‘22 baa2 bbb 105.254 104.414 104.807 0.636 2.836
Goldman sachs group (gs.Xz) 5.450 Nov ‘12 a3 a 101.148 100.775 101.148 0.068 0.014
Transocean (rig.Hg) 6.375 Dec ‘21 baa3 bbb– 120.996 120.086 120.086 0.239 3.798
Berkshire hathaway del (brk) 3.400 Jan ‘22 aa2 a+ 107.757 106.565 107.381 1.047 2.518
Westpac secs nz ltd london brh (wbk.Iw) 2.625 Jan ‘13 aa3 aa– 100.991 100.985 100.991 0.006 0.431
American intl group (aig.Pme) 3.650 Jan ‘14 baa1 bbb 102.659 102.638 102.659 –0.168 1.741
Cooperatieve centrale raiffeisen (rabo.Ba) 3.375 Jan ‘17 aa2 105.641 104.741 105.190 –0.267 2.140
Metlife (met.In) 6.750 Jun ‘16 a3 a– 119.037 118.697 118.827 –0.123 1.614
Comcast new (cmcs3872024) 3.125 Jul ‘22 baa1 bbb+ 104.356 104.027 104.285 0.629 2.631
Unilever cap (un) 0.850 Aug ‘17 a1 99.092 98.332 98.680 0.387 1.124
Atp oil & gas (atpg.Ge) 11.875 May ‘15 caa2 37.750 32.400 35.188 –1.562 66.118
Vulcan matls co (vmc.Gx) 6.500 Dec ‘16 ba3 106.875 106.625 106.875 0.000 4.711
Chesapeake energy (chk.Aa) 6.125 Feb ‘21 ba3 bb– 102.510 99.000 100.250 0.180 6.087
Navistar intl new (nav.Gn) 8.250 Nov ‘21 b2 ccc 97.920 95.250 95.500 –0.875 8.975
Del monte (kkr3700419) 7.625 Feb ‘19 wr ccc 101.250 98.688 99.000 –0.250 7.824
Warner chilcott company llc (wcrx.Ac) 7.750 Sep ‘18 b3 107.250 107.000 107.000 –0.125 5.798
Standard pac new (spf.Gr) 10.750 Sep ‘16 b3 b– 120.250 120.000 120.000 –0.250 5.243
Sabine pass lng l p (lng.Gf) 7.500 Nov ‘16 b1 107.000 106.250 107.000 0.250 5.638
Texas Competitive Electric (TXU) 15.000 Apr ‘21 Caa3 C 37.500 37.250 37.250 0.000 42.480
Stonemor Operating LLC (STON.GB) 10.250 Dec ‘17 B3 101.490 98.100 99.500 0.250 10.367
Intel (intc.Ge) 3.250 Aug ‘39 a2 136.253 135.895 136.000 0.428 1.601
Intel (intc.Gd) 2.950 Dec ‘35 n.A. N.A. 115.033 114.250 114.550 –0.800 2.153
Mgm resorts intl (mgm) 4.250 Apr ‘15 b3 b– 101.106 100.000 100.206 0.696 4.166
Gilead sciences (gild.Gm) 1.000 May ‘14 n.A. 133.750 130.100 130.100 –2.900 –13.954
Janus cap group (sv.Gj) 3.250 Jul ‘14 baa3 103.500 102.000 102.200 1.200 2.073
Royal gold (rgld) 2.875 Jun ‘19 n.A. 103.782 103.125 103.740 –0.760 2.281
Covanta hldg (cva.Gc) 3.250 Jun ‘14 ba3 bb 118.500 117.070 117.070 –1.410 –5.651
Developers diversified rlty (ddr.Hd) 1.750 Nov ‘40 n.A. Bb+ 110.062 109.625 110.062 –0.109 1.322
Health care reit (hcn.Gm) 3.000 Dec ‘29 baa2 bbb 121.484 120.625 121.334 –0.266 1.585
Smithfield foods (sfd.Gj) 4.000 Jun ‘13 n.A. Bb 106.335 105.875 106.301 0.301 –3.047
high yield +7.07%
invest. grade +3.47%
– 5
+ 5
52-week Total Returns
high yield +12.30%
invest. grade +8.65%
Source: Bloomberg
’07 ’12
Construction Spending
Change from
previous year
June ’12 %+7.0
May ’12 +7.0
’07 ’12
Personal Savings Rate
Percent of
disposable income
June ’12 %+4.4
May ’12 +4.0
’07 ’12
Balance of Trade
In billions of dollars
Seasonally adjusted
June ’12 –42.9
May ’12 –48.0
’07 ’12
Housing Supply
In months
June ’12 6.6
May ’12 6.4
’07 ’12
Manufacturing Index
ISM; over 50 indicates
expansion; seasonally adjusted
July ’12 49.8
June ’12 49.7
Mat. Date Rate Bid Ask Chg Yield
Source: Thomson Reuters
Nov 12 ◊ ◊ 0.10 0.10 –0.01 0.10
Feb 13 ◊ ◊ 0.14 0.13 –0.01 0.14
Apr 17 [ 106-15 106-18 +0-02 -1.22
Jul 22 [ 107-14 107-21 +0-08 -0.60
Jan 29 2ø 141-06 141-22 +0-06 -0.01
Feb 42 } 108-20 109-12 +0-07 0.44
Jul 14 [ ◊ 99.73 99.73 ◊ 0.26
Jul 17 ø ◊ 98.99 99.00 +0.12 0.71
Aug 22 1| ◊ 99.69 99.70 +0.31 1.66
Aug 42 2} ◊ 100.03 100.06 –4.81 2.75
Most Recent Issues
% 52-Wk YTD
Index Close Chg Chg % Chg % Chg
Sirius XM (SIRI) 2.48 +0.08 +3.3 1369677
Sprint Nex (S) 4.92 +0.12 +2.5 694854
Yahoo! Inc (YHOO) 15.15 ◊0.86 ◊5.4 615435
J C Penney (JCP) 23.40 +1.30 +5.9 481113
Bank of Am (BAC) 7.74 +0.02 +0.3 476177
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 17.54 ◊0.16 ◊0.9 367725
Research I (RIMM) 8.29 +0.49 +6.3 341899
NVIDIA Cor (NVDA) 14.62 ◊0.09 ◊0.6 316507
Manchester (MANU) 14.00 0.00 0.0 310162
Microsoft (MSFT) 30.42 +0.09 +0.3 260208
Facebook I (FB) 21.81 +0.80 +3.8 252553
Intel Corp (INTC) 26.88 +0.18 +0.7 247781
Alpha Natu (ANR) 7.35 +0.10 +1.4 238336
Kinder Mor (KMI) 34.64 ◊1.17 ◊3.3 226025
GenOn Ener (GEN) 2.49 ◊0.03 ◊1.2 225367
General El (GE) 21.10 +0.04 +0.2 220165
Micron Tec (MU) 6.76 ◊0.05 ◊0.7 216038
Citigroup (C) 28.90 +0.04 +0.1 211499
Janus Capi (JNS) 8.46 +0.77 +10.0 204832
Ford Motor (F) 9.35 +0.01 +0.1 187929
Fusion-io (FIO) 26.86 +5.84 +27.8 177779
Imperva In (IMPV) 33.08 +6.92 +26.5 14498
Bottomline (EPAY) 23.95 +4.00 +20.1 7983
CMS Bancor (CMSB) 7.95 +1.23 +18.3 54
Arc Group (ARCWD) 6.28 +0.93 +17.4 39
inContact (SAAS) 5.85 +0.75 +14.7 7227
Metropolit (MDF) 9.00 +1.02 +12.8 5983
WageWorks (WAGE) 16.31 +1.82 +12.6 1264
Groupon In (GRPN) 7.44 +0.79 +11.9 103657
Open Text (OTEX) 54.52 +5.12 +10.4 15665
Janus Capi (JNS) 8.46 +0.77 +10.0 204832
Leap Wirel (LEAP) 5.45 +0.49 +9.9 47053
American P (APFC) 11.16 +0.91 +8.9 72
Level 3 Co (LVLT) 21.94
+1.76 +8.7 38115
Glu Mobile (GLUU) 5.07 +0.38 +8.1 36880
Magnetek I (MAG) 13.77 +1.01 +7.9 167
ZELTIQ Aes (ZLTQ) 5.55 +0.40 +7.8 1461
Amicus The (FOLD) 5.14 +0.37 +7.8 2792
Ikonics Co (IKNX) 8.60 +0.60 +7.5 15
Harman Int (HAR) 45.68 +3.17 +7.5 18569
Ubiquiti N (UBNT) 8.71 ◊6.30 ◊42.0 75811
Roundy’s I (RNDY) 7.71 ◊2.52 ◊24.6 44582
Digital Ge (DGIT) 9.32 ◊1.88 ◊16.8 42264
Heska Corp (HSKA) 8.50 ◊1.59 ◊15.8 1104
Sunshine H (SSH) 6.93 ◊1.27 ◊15.5 10972
Brooks Aut (BRKS) 8.25 ◊1.32 ◊13.8 10918
Delek US H (DK) 22.99 ◊3.06 ◊11.7 26137
Monster Be (MNST) 54.27 ◊6.93 ◊11.3 114397
ChemoCentr (CCXI) 11.02 ◊1.31 ◊10.6 249
Acorn Ener (ACFN) 8.09 ◊0.85 ◊9.5 3471
Liberty In (LINTB) 17.25 ◊1.72 ◊9.1 63
Emulex Cor (ELX) 6.47 ◊0.63 ◊8.9 32066
Cyanotech (CYAN) 5.61 ◊0.54 ◊8.8 713
Stratus Pr (STRS) 8.60 ◊0.81 ◊8.6 29
Intersecti (INTX) 12.54 ◊1.17 ◊8.5 951
Mattersigh (MATR) 5.84 ◊0.53 ◊8.3 212
Halozyme T (HALO) 5.40 ◊0.49 ◊8.3 17264
LiveDeal I (LIVE) 6.88 ◊0.57 ◊7.7 191
Rentrak Co (RENT) 17.35 ◊1.43 ◊7.6 220
First Banc (FBMS) 9.77 ◊0.75 ◊7.1 43
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER)
Close Chg Chg (100)
% Volume
Stock (TICKER) Close Chg Chg (100)
Prices as of 4:45 p.m. Eastern Time.
Source: Thomson Reuters
Key to exchanges: CBT-Chicago Board of Trade. CME-Chicago Mercantile Exchange. CMX-Comex division of NYM. KC-Kansas City Board of Trade. NYBOT-New York Board of Trade. NYM-New York Mercantile Exchange. Open interest is the number of contracts outstanding. Foreign Currency in Dollars
Foreign Currency in Dollars
Dollars in
Foreign Currency Dollars in
Foreign Currency Monetary
units per Lifetime Open
Future Exchange quantity High Low Date Open High Low Settle Change Interest
Norway (Krone) .1691 5.9139
Poland (Zloty) .3022 3.3096
Russia (Ruble) .0314 31.8250
Sweden (Krona) .1504 6.6468
Switzerland (Franc) 1.0236 .9769
Turkey (Lira) .5613 1.7815
Argentina (Peso) .2175 4.5970
Bolivia (Boliviano) .1437 6.9600
Brazil (Real) .4966 2.0137
Canada (Dollar) 1.0093 .9908
Chile (Peso) .0021 478.75
Colombia (Peso) .0006 1790.0
Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0256 39.0500
El Salvador (Colon) .1144 8.7425
Guatamala (Quetzal) .1272 7.8590
Honduras (Lempira) .0513 19.5000
Mexico (Peso) .0764 13.0811
Nicaragua (Cordoba) .0422 23.6700
Paraguay (Guarani) .0002 4380.0
Peru (New Sol) .3821 2.6170
Uruguay (New Peso) .0486 20.5700
Venezuela (Bolivar) .2331 4.2893
Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6526 .3770
Egypt (Pound) .1645 6.0790
Iran (Rial) .0001 12240
Israel (Shekel) .2507 3.9895
Jordan (Dinar) 1.4140 .7072
Kenya (Shilling) .0119 84.0500
Kuwait (Dinar) 3.5428 .2823
Live Cattle CME ¢/lb 135.00 115.30 Oct 12 125.90 126.08 125.25 125.53 ◊ 0.25 135,985
Hogs-Lean CME ¢/lb 90.00 74.82 Oct 12 75.98 76.18 75.48 75.53 ◊ 0.42 98,347
Cocoa NYBOT $/ton 3630.00 2050.00 Dec 12 2466.00 2488.00 2442.00 2458.00 ◊ 19.00 82,270
Coffee NYBOT ¢/lb 291.95 153.70 Dec 12 170.10 170.60 167.15 169.35 ◊ 0.20 62,782
Sugar-World NYBOT ¢/lb 26.04 14.35 Sep 12 20.98 21.19 20.65 20.74 ◊ 0.06 304,401
Corn CBT ¢/bushel 829.75 386.75 Dec 12 823.00 849.00 807.25 809.25 ◊ 14.50 605,745
Soybeans CBT ¢/bushel 1691.50 914.00 Nov 12 1628.50 1668.00 1621.00 1643.75 + 12.50 367,141
Wheat CBT ¢/bushel 977.50 629.50 Dec 12 927.00 945.50 896.00 901.25 ◊ 25.75 201,378
Light Sweet Crude NYMX $/bbl 112.77 72.96 Aug 12 93.46 93.87 91.71 92.87 ◊ 0.49 185,089
Heating Oil NYMX $/gal 3.34 2.21 Aug 12 3.05 3.06 3.01 3.02 ◊ 0.02 83,672
Natural Gas NYMX $/mil.btu 10.27 2.22 Aug 12 2.93 2.94 2.76 2.77 ◊ 0.18 190,109
Source: Thomson Reuters
0.85 euros
One Dollar in Euros
$1 = 0.8133
Crude Oil
$92.87 a barrel
One Dollar in Yen
$1 = 78.31
Lebanon (Pound) .0007 1500.0
Saudi Arabia (Riyal) .2667 3.7500
So. Africa (Rand) .1241 8.0600
U.A.E (Dirham) .2723 3.6725
shown are for regular trading for the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange which runs from 9:30 a.m., Eastern time, through the close of the Pacific Exchange, at 4:30 p.m. For the Nasdaq stock market, it is through 4 p.m. Close
Last trade of the day in regular trading. ·
or ·
indicates stocks that reached a new 52-week high or low. Change
Difference between last trade and previous day’s price in regular trading. „
or ‰
indicates stocks that rose or fell at least 4 percent. ”
indicates stocks that traded 1 percent or more of their outstanding shares. n Stock was a new issue in the last year.
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
3M Co (MMM) 68.63 92.34 92.29 + 0.70 + 17.97 + 12.9
Abbott Lab (ABT) 48.22 67.45 66.11 + 0.39 + 40.99 + 17.6
Accenture (ACN) 47.40 65.89 61.63 + 0.08 + 19.00 + 15.8
Allstate C (ALL) 22.27 38.38 37.98 ◊ 0.07 + 56.17 + 38.6
Altria Gro (MO) 25.05 36.29 34.96 + 0.24 + 43.51 + 17.9
Amazon.Com (AMZN) 166.97 246.71 232.75 ◊ 1.31 + 19.89 + 34.5
American E (AEP) 35.65 43.96 43.55 + 0.18 + 27.08 + 5.4
American E (AXP) 41.30 61.42 55.85 ◊ 0.62 + 30.49 + 18.4
Amgen Inc (AMGN) 49.55 84.39 82.73 + 0.76 + 71.39 + 28.8
Anadarko P (APC) 56.42 88.70 69.68 + 0.02 + 6.19 ◊ 8.7
Apache Cor (APA) 73.04 112.09 87.86 ◊ 0.64 ◊ 11.12 ◊ 3.0
Apple Inc (AAPL) 354.24 644.00 621.70 + 0.97 + 70.94 + 53.5
AT&T Inc (T) 27.29 38.28 37.49 + 0.26 + 34.47 + 24.0
Baker Hugh (BHI) 37.08 64.67 48.69 + 0.26 ◊ 16.90 + 0.1
Bank of Am (BAC) 4.92 10.10 7.74 + 0.02 + 14.33 + 39.2
Bank of Ne (BK) 17.10 24.72 22.25 ◊ 0.04 + 14.34 + 11.8
Baxter Int (BAX) 47.55 60.54 58.84 + 0.06 + 16.54 + 18.9
Berkshire (BRKb) 65.35 86.01 84.77 + 0.23 + 25.40 + 11.1
Boeing Co (BA) 56.90 77.83 74.21 ◊ 0.07 + 29.26 + 1.2
Bristol-My (BMY) 27.60 36.34 31.73 ◊ 0.04 + 19.92 ◊ 10.0
Capital On (COF) 36.33 58.69 56.10 ◊ 0.45 + 36.66 + 32.7
Caterpilla (CAT) 67.54 116.95 88.94 + 0.54 + 6.50 ◊ 1.8
Chevron Co (CVX) 86.68 113.64 113.55 + 0.92 + 25.37 + 6.7
Cisco Syst (CSCO) 14.90 21.30 17.54 ◊ 0.16 + 27.75 ◊ 3.0
Citigroup (C) 21.40 38.40 28.90 + 0.04 + 1.44 + 9.8
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
52-Week Price Range 1-Day 1-Yr YTD
Stock (TICKER)
Low Close (
) High Close Chg Chg % Chg
Coca-Cola (KO) 63.34 81.33 78.79 ◊ 0.45 + 23.19 + 12.6
Colgate-Pa (CL) 83.53 109.84 105.37 + 0.42 + 31.42 + 14.0
Comcast Co (CMCSA) 19.54 35.16 34.73 + 0.18 + 75.58 + 46.5
ConocoPhil (COP) 44.71 59.68 57.28 + 0.19 + 19.82 + 3.1
Costco Who (COST) 71.70 97.76 95.30 ◊ 0.07 + 35.39 + 14.4
CVS Carema (CVS) 32.14 48.69 44.95 ◊ 0.07 + 40.21 + 10.2
Dell Inc (DELL) 11.39 18.36 12.41 + 0.02 ◊ 9.08 ◊ 15.2
Devon Ener (DVN) 50.74 76.34 59.88 ◊ 0.54 ◊ 9.66 ◊ 3.4
Dow Chemic (DOW) 20.61 36.08 29.73 ◊ 0.13 + 5.73 + 3.4
E. I. du P (DD) 37.10 53.98 51.08 + 0.54 + 13.94 + 11.6
eBay Inc (EBAY) 26.86 46.15 43.99 ◊ 0.28 + 50.91 + 45.0
”Eli Lilly (LLY) 34.66 44.67 43.60 + 0.88 + 26.41 + 4.9
EMC Corp (EMC) 19.84 30.00 26.99 ◊ 0.02 + 25.01 + 25.3
Emerson El (EMR) 39.50 53.78 51.25 + 0.95 + 22.34 + 10.0
Exelon Cor (EXC) 36.27 45.45 38.92 + 0.34 ◊ 3.50 ◊ 10.3
Exxon Mobi (XOM) 67.93 88.50 88.44 + 0.24 + 30.00 + 4.3
FedEx Corp (FDX) 64.07 97.19 87.80 ◊ 0.86 + 16.57 + 5.1
Ford Motor (F) 8.82 13.05 9.35 + 0.01 ◊ 10.18 ◊ 13.1
”Freeport-M (FCX) 28.85 48.96 36.31 + 0.31 ◊ 16.62 ◊ 1.3
General Dy (GD) 53.95 74.54 63.58 + 0.15 + 8.91 ◊ 4.3
General El (GE) 14.02 21.19 21.10 + 0.04 + 39.83 + 17.8
Gilead Sci (GILD) 34.45 58.84 56.77 ◊ 0.13 + 60.64 + 38.7
Goldman Sa (GS) 84.27 128.72 103.02 ◊ 0.58 ◊ 6.63 + 13.9
Google Inc (GOOG) 480.60 670.25 642.00 ◊ 0.35 + 16.94 ◊ 0.6
H.J. Heinz (HNZ) 48.54 55.84 55.06 ◊ 0.06 + 12.78 + 1.9
Halliburto (HAL) 26.28 47.90 35.19 + 0.14 ◊ 18.73 + 2.0
Hewlett-Pa (HPQ) 17.41 34.00 19.70 + 0.29 ◊ 34.03 ◊ 23.5
Home Depot (HD) 29.79 54.28 53.06 ◊ 0.09 + 86.11 + 26.2
Honeywell (HON) 41.22 62.00 59.01 + 0.04 + 36.53 + 8.6
Intel Corp (INTC) 19.16 29.27 26.88 + 0.18 + 34.87 + 10.8
Internatio (IBM) 157.13 210.69 199.29 + 0.87 + 22.61 + 8.4
Johnson & (JNJ) 60.83 69.75 68.64 + 0.32 + 14.02 + 4.7
JPMorgan C (JPM) 27.85 46.49 36.97 + 0.05 + 7.56 + 11.2
Kraft Food (KFT) 31.88 41.50 40.92
◊ 0.15 + 24.76 + 9.5
Lockheed M (LMT) 68.07 92.24 91.03 + 0.49 + 36.13 + 12.5
Lowe’s Com (LOW) 18.28 32.29 26.77 ◊ 0.14 + 47.82 + 5.5
MasterCard (MA) 293.01 466.98 426.03 + 0.09 + 40.28 + 14.3
McDonald’s (MCD) 83.65 102.22 88.20 + 1.05 + 4.90 ◊ 12.1
Medtronic (MDT) 30.71 40.78 40.26 + 0.26 + 32.39 + 5.3
Merck & Co (MRK) 30.54 45.17 44.57 + 0.29 + 49.51 + 18.2
Metlife In (MET) 25.61 39.55 34.97 + 0.32 + 9.86 + 12.2
Microsoft (MSFT) 23.79 32.95 30.42 ◊ 0.08 + 25.70 + 17.2
Monsanto C (MON) 58.89 89.73 86.74 ◊ 1.88 + 31.80 + 23.8
Morgan Sta (MS) 11.58 21.19 14.61 ◊ 0.10 ◊ 11.19 ◊ 3.4
National O (NOV) 47.97 87.72 77.36 + 0.38 + 22.04 + 13.8
”News Corp (NWSA) 14.72 24.05 23.39 ◊ 0.28 + 70.61 + 31.1
Nike Inc (NKE) 78.50 114.81 94.50 ◊ 0.56 + 19.12 ◊ 1.9
Norfolk So (NSC) 57.57 78.50 74.56 + 0.87 + 11.77 + 2.3
Occidental (OXY) 66.36 106.68 91.40 + 0.89 + 12.49 ◊ 2.5
Oracle Cor (ORCL) 24.72 33.81 31.61 + 0.24 + 19.37 + 23.2
PepsiCo In (PEP) 58.50 72.95 72.13 ◊ 0.01 + 19.58 + 8.7
Pfizer Inc (PFE) 17.05 24.48 23.94 + 0.07 + 40.41 + 10.6
Philip Mor (PM) 60.45 93.15 92.21 + 0.83 + 42.08 + 17.5
Procter & (PG) 59.07 67.95 66.77 + 0.04 + 14.12 + 0.1
Qualcomm I (QCOM) 45.98 68.87 61.98 ◊ 0.02 + 31.15 + 13.3
Raytheon C (RTN) 38.35 56.92 56.11 + 0.15 + 43.87 + 16.0
Schlumberg (SLB) 54.79 81.33 75.35 + 1.02 + 2.09 + 10.3
Simon Prop (SPG) 103.32 163.75 157.70 + 0.65 + 46.17 + 22.3
Southern C (SO) 38.99 48.59 46.92 + 0.11 + 23.38 + 1.4
Starbucks (SBUX) 34.14 62.00 45.57 + 0.46 + 31.10 ◊ 1.0
Target Cor (TGT) 46.95 63.00 62.84 + 0.15 + 34.56 + 22.7
Texas Inst (TXN) 24.34 34.24 29.75 + 0.21 + 12.26 + 2.2
Time Warne (TWX) 27.62 42.91 42.90 + 0.35 + 47.57 + 18.7
U.S. Banco (USB) 20.10 34.10 33.16 + 0.13 + 54.74 + 22.6
Union Paci (UNP) 77.73 126.91 122.01 + 0.72 + 37.51 + 15.2
United Par (UPS) 61.12 81.79 76.30 + 0.27 + 23.08 + 4.2
United Tec (UTX) 66.87 87.50 77.89 + 0.86 + 15.50 + 6.6
UnitedHeal (UNH) 41.32 60.75 51.90 ◊ 0.12 + 24.01 + 2.4
Verizon Co (VZ) 34.07 46.41 44.60 + 0.26 + 32.50 + 11.2
Visa Inc (V) 79.25 132.58 129.09 + 0.58 + 62.83 + 27.1
Wal-Mart S (WMT) 49.28 75.24 73.68 ◊ 0.17 + 52.20 + 23.3
Walgreen C (WAG) 28.53 37.61 36.17 + 0.08 + 4.18 + 9.4
Walt Disne (DIS) 28.19 50.65 49.65 ◊ 0.31 + 57.42 + 32.4
Wells Farg (WFC) 22.61 34.80 33.83 + 0.01 + 47.86 + 22.8
Williams C (WMB) 17.88 34.63 31.85 + 0.24 + 47.86 + 18.1
ONLINE: MORE PRICES AND ANALYSIS Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes:
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
% Total Returns Exp. Assets
Fund Name (TICKER) Type YTD 1 Yr 5 Yr* Ratio (mil.$)
+8.4 +3.4 ◊1.0 176 176 167 DFA Emerging Markets Value I (DFEVX) EM +7.9 ◊1.8 ◊0.2 0.60 15,128
Lazard Emerging Markets Equity Instl (LZEMX) EM +13.4 +8.6 +3.3 1.12 12,297
American Funds New World A (NEWFX) EM +10.0 +6.6 +1.3 1.07 11,442
Oppenheimer Developing Markets Y (ODVYX) EM +11.4 +8.4 +5.1 1.02 10,935
DFA Emerging Markets Core Equity I (DFCEX) EM +9.3 +2.1 +1.9 0.65 7,685
T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Stock (PRMSX) EM +9.6 +3.7 ◊0.9 1.27 6,649
Vanguard Emerging Mkts Stock Idx Adm (VEMAX) EM +9.1 +5.0 +0.8 0.19 6,484
GMO Emerging Markets VI (GEMMX) EM +7.3 +2.2 ◊1.3 0.87 5,180
T. Rowe Price New Asia (PRASX) PJ +12.3 +6.1 +4.1 0.95 4,246
Virtus Emerging Markets Opportunities I (HIEMX) EM +12.4 +13.8 +7.0 1.36 3,617
Matthews Pacific Tiger Investor (MAPTX) PJ +8.9 +2.1 +5.4 1.11 2,962
Eaton Vance Parametric Tx-Mgd Em Mkts I (EITEX) EM +10.2 +3.8 +1.3 0.97 2,664
Matthews Asian Growth & Inc Investor (MACSX) PJ +15.0 +11.4 +5.5 1.12 2,635
DFA Emerging Markets I (DFEMX) EM +9.2 +5.4 +2.0 0.60 2,576
DFA Emerging Markets Small Cap I (DEMSX) EM +10.3 ◊1.4 +1.6 0.79 2,450
Fidelity Latin America (FLATX) LS +2.6 +4.4 +1.0 1.01 2,446
Vanguard European Stock Index Adm (VEUSX) ES +8.0 +9.3 ◊4.7 0.13 2,325
Matthews Asia Dividend Investor (MAPIX) DP +13.2 +9.3 +8.2 1.10 2,302
Fidelity Emerging Markets (FEMKX) EM +4.8 ◊3.6 ◊3.8 1.00 2,235
BNY Mellon Emerging Markets M (MEMKX) EM +7.2 +0.1 +0.2 1.41 2,186
T. Rowe Price Latin America (PRLAX) LS +3.5 +0.2 +1.4 1.23 1,776
Templeton Developing Markets A (TEDMX) EM +4.1 +2.6 ◊0.8 1.76 1,692
Harding Loevner Emerging Markets Advisor (HLEMX) EM +12.5 +10.7 +1.0 1.53 1,592
Mutual European Z (MEURX) ES +9.4 +17.5 ◊0.9 1.11 990
Invesco European Growth Investor (EGINX) ES +11.5 +16.7 ◊1.5 1.45 147
T. Rowe Price Inst Africa & Middle East (TRIAX) EM +13.7 +15.6 NA 1.25 139
T. Rowe Price Africa & Middle East (TRAMX) EM +13.4 +15.0 NA 1.54 146
T. Rowe Price European Stock (PRESX) ES +10.4 +14.3 ◊2.2 1.00 655
Virtus Emerging Markets Opportunities I (HIEMX) EM +12.4 +13.8 +7.0 1.36 3,617
Invesco Asia Pacific Growth A (ASIAX) PJ +15.4 +13.3 +5.7 1.56 419
Putnam Europe Equity A (PEUGX) ES +10.6 +12.8 ◊5.0 0.73 130
Fidelity EMEA (FEMEX) EM +12.6 +12.1 NA 1.36 109
Ivy European Opportunities I (IEOIX) ES +10.7 +11.6 ◊5.7 1.19 50
Matthews Asian Growth & Inc Investor (MACSX) PJ +15.0 +11.4 +5.5 1.12 2,635
Laudus Mondrian Emerging Markets Instl (LEMNX) EM +8.9 +10.9 NA 1.45 134
Dreyfus Greater China C (DPCCX) CH +1.2 ◊17.8 ◊6.1 2.63 105
Eaton Vance Greater India B (EMGIX) EI +11.0 ◊15.5 ◊6.0 2.61 55
Matthews India Investor (MINDX) EI +16.1 ◊15.5 +0.3 1.18 558
Oberweis China Opportunities (OBCHX) CH +7.6 ◊14.3 ◊5.2 2.08 107
Metzler/Payden European Emerging Mkts (MPYMX) ES +5.9 ◊8.8 ◊8.2 1.51 73
Pioneer Emerging Markets R (PEMRX) EM +3.8 ◊7.7 ◊5.1 2.14 55
Ivy Pacific Opportunities A (IPOAX) PJ +5.0 ◊7.7 ◊1.7 1.75 464
ING Russia A (LETRX) ES +8.1 ◊7.6 ◊4.1 2.18 238
Templeton BRIC C (TPBRX) EM +1.4 ◊7.2 ◊5.2 2.72 102
DFA Continental Small Company I (DFCSX) ES +3.9 ◊6.4 ◊7.4 0.60 104
Guinness Atkinson China & Hong Kong (ICHKX) CH +2.9 ◊5.3 ◊0.9 1.52 148
Matthews China Investor (MCHFX) CH +1.5 ◊4.7 +1.9 1.13 1,580
Average performance for all such funds
Number of funds for period
*Credit ratings: good, FICO score 660-749; excellent, FICO score 750-850. Source:
*Annualized. Leaders and Laggards
are among funds with at least $50 million in assets, and include no more than one class of any fund. Today’s fund types: CH
-China Region. DP
-Divers. Pacific Asia. EI
-India Equity. EM
-Divers. Emerging Mkt.. ES
-Europe Stock. JS
-Japan Stock. LS
-Latin America Stock. PJ
-Pacific Asia ex-Japan. NA
-Not Available. YTD
-Year to date. Spotlight tables rotate on a 2-week basis. Source: Morningstar
Pablo Heras-Casado conducting the Freiburg Baroque Orchestra at Alice Tully Hall on Thursday night in a Mostly Mozart Festival performance. Anthony Tommasini’s review, Page 6.
Led by a Spaniard, German Visitors to Lincoln Center C1
We were introduced to the tour
guide Timothy Levitch, known as
Speed,14 years ago in the docu-
mentary “The Cruise,” which de-
picted him as the Walt Whitman
of the double-decker
bus, a New York orig-
inal with a touch of
poetry and a large
reservoir of hot air.
Riffing about sincer-
ity, nonconformity,
the evils of work and the “lascivi-
ous voyeurism” of the bus tour,
sleeping on friends’ couches and
arguing with his bosses, he was
like a Bartleby who preferred not
to shut up.
After “The Cruise,” which was
the directing debut of Bennett
Miller (who has gone on to make
a couple of well-received fea-
tures, “Capote” and “Money-
ball”), Mr. Levitch struck up a re-
lationship with Richard Linklater,
who cast him in movies including
“Waking Life” and “School of
Rock.” Now Mr. Levitch has
come full circle: in Mr. Linkla-
ter’s new Web series,“Up to
Speed,” he’s a tour guide again,
and once again he’s the star of
the show.
“Up to Speed,” a Hulu original
(the first episode went up this
week), is Mr. Linklater’s first
television-size project; he direct-
ed and produced the half-hour
episodes. There’s nothing here
that would tell you you’re watch-
ing something by the man who
made “Before Sunrise” or
“Dazed and Confused,” beyond a
general sympathy for the bohe-
mian and the eccentric. In most
respects the series resembles a
less promotional version of the
kind of travelogue shows found
all over cable TV.
The big difference, of course, is
Mr. Levitch, whose squawking
voice and aggressive manner A Guide
Who Talks
To Statues
And Trees
Continued on Page 5
LENOX, Mass. — The Boston
Symphony Orchestra is throw-
ing itself a sum-
mer-long party to
celebrate the 75th
anniversary of
Tanglewood, its
off-season home
here in the Berk-
shires, and the student perform-
ers at its educational arm, the
Tanglewood Music Center, are
taking part as well. Yet at the
center’s annual Festival of Con-
temporary Music, which opened
on Thursday evening and runs
through Monday, it seems to be
pretty much business as usual. That may be partly because
there are too many anniversa-
ries around here to keep up
with. In 2008 the festival broke
from its cornucopia-of-new-mu-
sic format to focus solely on the
music of Elliott Carter, in honor
of his 100th birthday. In 2010 it
celebrated the 70th anniversary
of the Tanglewood Music Center
by performing works of compos-
ers who had studied or taught
there in past summers. And with
the contemporary festival’s own
50th anniversary coming up in
2014, its directors are probably
intent on hoarding their fire-
works. Another explanation, of
course, is that this festival’s usu-
al business is, by definition, the
unusual. What more could it be
expected to do on the Boston
Symphony’s behalf? The director this year is the
British composer Oliver Knus-
sen, who turned 60 in June and
has a long history here. He came
to Tanglewood as a student of
Gunther Schuller in 1970 and di-
For a Leafy Preserve, Reliably Uncommon Compositions
Festival of Contemporary Music
Tanglewood Continued on Page 5
Stomping and twisting, homeless
mothers and children and young
professionals were all part of the
mix at the Dwyer Cultural Center
in Harlem one recent Saturday, as
they tried to master the intricacies
of swing dancing. But scenes like
this have been few and far between
lately. The Dwyer, which since
opening three years ago has at-
tracted 75,000 visitors to visual art
exhibitions, readings, writers’
workshops, children’s educational
programs and music and theater
performances — all free or low-cost
— has run into major financial
problems. The culprits include a punishing
economic climate that has hurt oth-
er Harlem cultural institutions, and
missteps by the Dwyer’s operator,
the International Communications
Association. The cultural center, at
the base of a nine-story condomini-
um building that was once an aban-
doned warehouse, plans to contin-
ue limited public programming
through the end of the year,as the
association restructures and seeks
to reclaim its nonprofit tax status.
Beyond that, however, the center’s
future is very much in doubt. “Our story is like the phoenix
bird kind of thing,” said Voza Riv-
ers, a vice president of the associa-
tion. “We took something out of the
ashes, but the question is,how high
can the bird fly?”
The International Communica-
tions Association, started in the
late 1980s to help African-Ameri-
cans, Hispanics and others find
jobs in the media, never intended
to get into the condo business. But
when the development rights to the
Dwyer were awarded with the stip-
ulation that 7,000 square feet of its
space be devoted to a nonprofit
group, the Harlem Urban Develop-
ment Corporation reached out to
the association to join forces with a
developer. After years of false
steps, a developer came on board
and built the market-rate condos,
while the association developed the
nonprofit space. The Dwyer’s distinction is that it
was designed specifically to show-
case Harlem’s history and to sup-
port its established and future art-
ists. Since 2009 the $3 million
Dwyer Cultural Center, at St. Nich-
olas Avenue and 123rd Street, has
hosted events like performances
by the jazz trombonist Craig S.
Harris, storytelling workshops by
the playwright Daniel Beaty and an
A Dire Dance for a Harlem Cultural Center Losses force the Dwyer
Clyde Wilder leading a rare dance program in July at
the struggling Dwyer Cultural Center in Harlem. Continued on Page 7
Dear Last Person in America Who Has Been
Trying to Watch the Nighttime Olympics Cov-
erage Without Already Knowing the Results:
Give it up. If you have succeeded at all these
past two weeks, it has been only by moving to
a no-cellphone-reception cave
or an Internet-free monastery.
The next time the Olympics are
held in an un-American time
zone, you’ll have no chance.
Spoilers won’t even be an issue
because we’ll all be receiving
real-time results,whether we want them or
not,via the iBrain chips implanted in our
heads (a mandatory part of the Federal Health
Care Reform Act of 2015).
But take heart, you who are still resisting
the instant-news tide. You can learn to love
this brave new world. A guy in a rumpled
trench coat proved it four decades ago.
Before we get to that, it’s worth noting that
plenty of people have already made the transi-
tion. Millions have been watching NBC’s
evening coverage of the London Olympics
even though they almost surely heard the ma-
jor results earlier. How could they not have
heard, what with Twitter and text message
alerts and all those instant Web updates? At first blush the popularity of the evening
broadcasts seems counterintuitive. Why
watch a sporting event — or, really, any kind of
competition — when you already know the
outcome? What would be the point of “Jeopar-
dy!” or “Dancing With the Stars” or even NBC
Role model: Peter Falk, left, in the title part of “Columbo,” with his prey, Oskar Werner.
The Olympics, ‘Columbo’ Style
Continued on Page 5
Early in Richard Nelson’s clinical
new production of Turgenev’s
“Month in the Country,” one char-
acter says waspishly to her pla-
tonic lover, “You love
observing people,
picking them apart,
rummaging around
in them... ” It’s a
fair definition of ev-
erybody else on-
stage:These folks just can’t stop
dissecting one another’s behav-
ior and motives and affectations.
Even when they’re not actively
participating in conversations
and confrontations, the residents
of the Russian country estate at
which Turgenev’s anxiously lan-
guorous drama takes place are
visible on the sidelines. They’re
seated in chairs in full view of the
audience, and you suspect that
they’re taking mental notes on
how their friends are coming
across. And we,the theatergoers,
in our own chairs, become a fur-
ther link in the analytic chain:
we’re people watching people
watching people.
Those who attend this Wil-
liamstown Theater Festival pro-
duction, which runs on the Main
Stage through Aug. 19,may feel
that they’ve dropped in on a ses-
sion at the Actors Studio,the fa-
bled New York workshop where
psyches are taken apart in the
pursuit of emotional truth. Mr.
Nelson —who not only directed
this play but also, with Richard
Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky,
wrote the new translation —in-
vites such comparisons in his
program notes.
Hoping to rejuvenate a play
that had rarely been successfully
performed onstage, he writes, he
was inspired by accounts of an
early-20th-century production by
the Moscow Arts Theater, direct-
ed by the titanic, prodigiously in-
fluential acting teacher Konstan-
tin Stanislavsky. “He saw it as pure psychology
on the stage,” Mr. Nelson writes. BEN
REVIEW Group Psychoanalysis
On a Russian Estate
A Month in the Country
, at
Williamstown Theater Festival,
with Jessica Collins as Natalya.
Continued on Page 7
Rare is the overworked mother
or exasperated wife who hasn’t
wished to turn on her heel and
close the door behind her. Per-
haps even more unusual is the
woman who has left, even for a
few days, without reeling from
guilt. But for one week last sum-
mer, more than 100 women 18 to
82 from Yemassee, S.C. (popula-
tion 1,000, give or take), were
granted a hall pass from their ev-
eryday routines and hustled out
of town while the men stayed be-
The result was “The Week the
Women Went,” a reality series
starting on Tuesday on Lifetime.
Based on a formula originated by
the BBC, the show has appeared
in different versions in 13 coun-
tries — from Britain, Norway and
Germany to Morocco and
In a recent telephone interview
Elli Hakami, one of the executive
producers for BBC Worldwide
Productions who brought the
project to Lifetime, spoke about
life without the opposite sex. Fol-
lowing are excerpts from the con-
This show has been applied to
communities across Europe and
even in Asia and North Africa.
What’s the appeal?
I think every woman, regard-
less of culture, probably wonders
what would happen if she just
walked away. And I think the one
thing that’s been evident about
this format is its versatility. The
way it was interpreted in France
was as a one-off special. [That
show, broadcast on International
Women’s Day, sent the women
from a village on holiday to Mar-
rakesh.] In India it became a
competition, and over 16 epi-
sodes, men were basically elimi-
nated if they weren’t able to step
up and do the tasks. Q.
What were the criteria for
choosing an American communi-
We visited towns around the
country for three or four months.
We wanted to get close to pulling
all of the women out of the com-
munity. And we were more likely
to achieve that based on the pop-
ulation — for instance, a few
thousand. Then we started look-
ing at the individual stories.
What was really important is that
we found women in roles that
were not just being at home with
the kids. We wanted to find work-
ing women. We wanted to find
women who were community
leaders and,of course,mothers
and sisters and wives. It was im-
portant that we found a 360-de-
gree view of the roles that wom-
en could play.
In the first episode we see
women boarding the train while
screaming children and worried
husbands are left behind. What
story lines can we expect?
We have a couple who had only
been away from each other twice
throughout their marriage. What
happens when they had to spend
a week apart was both traumatic
and surprising. The men partak-
ing in a beauty pageant was prob-
ably one of the most heartwarm-
ing, comical events you can imag-
ine. One of the husbands, who’d
never even combed his daugh-
ter’s hair, had to create this
dress, and that resulted in a
spray-painted dress with cutout
barbed wire. Watching this hap-
pen, you realized it was all from
the heart. Q.
Were any events planned?
A lot of the women had events
on their calendars that they
made sure would happen when
they went away to make life more
challenging for the men. The
women in Yemassee were inter-
viewed several months in ad-
vance, but when we announced
the winning town, we filmed the
experiment three or four weeks
later. We wanted it to be raw for
them and to make sure we were
there during the summer so that
parenting was a full-time job for
the men. Q.
A narration by the comedian
Jeff Foxworthy was eventually
added to the series. Why?
In his humor Jeff makes obser-
vations about family and rela-
tionships between husbands and
wives and children. He also
comes from a smaller town in the
South. He more or less became
another character in this town.
But it’s not comedic narration,
necessarily. It’s peppered in very
lightly. Q.
Did you follow up with the
We’re definitely in touch with
the women. Yemassee is a
pageant community; it’s very
much what they do. And a lot of
these women for the first time
didn’t take their daughters to the
pageant,so they didn’t know the
outcome. I was at the women’s
camp when we were shooting,
and they felt really lucky that
their town was chosen. But it was hard. One woman
said: “I’ve been looking so for-
ward to this week just so I could
have adult conversation. But I
have to say that I don’t feel com-
plete not having them around.”
So, did anyone end up leaving
for good after the week was up?
Oh, I don’t want to ruin it. Yes,
we had women who couldn’t stay
the whole week. Q.
I meant did any decide to leave
their husbands?
Oh, left forever? No! Maybe
next season.
Don’t Forget
To Vacuum’
Elli Hakami, one of the executive producers for BBC
Worldwide Productions who brought the project to Lifetime.
Women of Yemassee, S.C., walk to the train in the Lifetime
series “The Week the Women Went,” left, leaving behind
children and husbands like Ellie Kate and Stephen Love, above.
Dylan to Open the Refurbished Capitol Theater
Bob Dylan, below, will play the first concert at the newly refur-
bished Capitol Theater in Port Chester, N.Y., when it reopens on Sept.
4, Mr. Dylan announced on his
Web site on Friday morning. He
has rehearsed at the theater in re-
cent years and is said to admire
the acoustics, but he did not ex-
plain why he chose to be the first
act at the revamped space. Peter
Shapiro, a founder of the Brooklyn
Bowl, has invested millions of dol-
lars upgrading the theater’s light
and sound systems. In the late
1960s and early ’70s, the Capitol
was an important stop on the rock
circuit and hosted memorable
concerts by the Grateful Dead,
Santana, Pink Floyd, Janis Joplin
and other top acts. In recent years
the owners have used the 1,800-
seat space mostly for private
events, though its superb acous-
tics have also made it a favored
rehearsal space for musicians like
Mr. Dylan and Paul Simon.
Mr. Dylan’s performance will be the start of an ambitious and
eclectic slate of shows Mr. Shapiro has lined up for the fall, including
concerts by the Roots, Fiona Apple and My Morning Jacket. Mr. Dylan
is touring this fall to promote his new album, “Tempest.” The album,
his 35th studio effort, will be released on Sept. 11. Tickets for the con-
cert will go on sale on Friday, but Mr. Dylan has reserved a block to be
sold to members of his fan club four days earlier, on Monday. JAMES C.McKINLEY Jr. A Holiday Return
To Broadway for ‘Elf’
Here’s an early Christmas
present for aficionados of the
2003 Will Ferrell film “Elf”: The
musical adaptation that ran on
Broadway during the 2010-11
holiday season will return to the
Al Hirschfeld Theater starting on
Nov. 9, its producers say. The
show, about an orphan who is
brought up at the North Pole by
Santa and the elves and searches
for his real father in the relative
wilds of New York City, has a
book by Bob Martin (“The
Drowsy Chaperone”) and Thom-
as Meehan (“Annie”). Matthew
Sklar wrote the music, with lyr-
ics by Chad Beguelin. Casey
Nicholaw(“The Book of Mor-
mon”) is the director and chor-
eographer. In its first run, “Elf,” above
right with Matthew Gunley, left,
and Sebastian Arcelus, got some
tough reviews but succeeded at
the box office. The run is to con-
clude on Jan. 6; casting has yet
to be announced. The show’s re-
turn to Broadway makes for a
competitive Yuletide for those
seeking family entertainment. A
revival of “Annie” with Katie Fin-
neran as Miss Hannigan opens
on Nov. 8, while a musical adap-
tation of the holiday movie “A
Christmas Story” opens on Nov.
Libel Case Can Proceed
Against The New Yorker
A New York federal judge has
dismissed part of a libel lawsuit
filed by the forensic art expert
Peter Paul Biro, below, against
The New Yorker but declined the
magazine’s request to dismiss
the entire complaint. In July 2010
it published a 16,000-word article
about art authentication, written
by David Grann. In it Mr. Grann
questioned Mr. Biro’s method of
matching fingerprints on paint-
ings to the artists who created
them. Although Judge J. Paul
Oetken in his
decision on
Tuesday threw
out several of
Mr. Biro’s
against Ad-
vance Publica-
tions, which
owns The New
Yorker, he gave Mr. Biro the op-
portunity to argue in court that a
few sentences in the article were
“The Article as a whole does
not make express accusations
against Biro, or suggest concrete
conclusions about whether or not
he is a fraud,” the judge wrote in
his opinion. “Rather, it lays out
evidence that may raise ques-
tions, and allows the reader to
make up his or her own mind.At
the same time, there can be little
doubt that even a publication
that, on the whole, merely raises
questions has the potential to
have serious consequences on a
plaintiff’s reputation.”
In response to the decision,
The New Yorker issued a state-
ment: “We are gratified that
Judge Oetken has already dis-
missed the vast bulk of Mr. Biro’s
claims, and we are confident that
we will prevail.” Mr. Biro could
not be reached for comment. PATRICIA COHEN
FX Orders Episodes Of Domestic Spy Drama
The 1980s were a time of Rea-
ganomics, Rubik’s Cubes and the
possibility that your seemingly
strait-laced neighbors were actu-
ally undercover Soviet spies.
That’s the premise of the new
television drama “The Ameri-
cans,” which will star Keri Rus-
sell, Matthew Rhys and Noah
Emmerich, and which FX said it
had ordered for next year. In a
news release the channel said
that the show, created and pro-
duced by Joe Weisberg (who has
written for cable dramas like
“Damages” and “Falling Skies”),
will feature Mr. Rhys (“Brothers
and Sisters”) and Ms. Russell
(“Felicity”) as Phillip and Eliza-
beth Jennings, “two K.G.B.spies
posing as Americans in subur-
ban Washington, D.C., shortly af-
ter Ronald Reagan is elected
president.” While they operate a network
of informants and hide their true
identities from their own chil-
dren, their clandestine ways are
challenged by an F.B.I. agent
(Mr. Emmerich, of “The Truman
Show” and “The Walking Dead”)
who moves in next door. FX said
that production on a 13-episode
season of “The Americans”
would begin in October.
Yauch’s Will Protects
His Artistic Integrity
Even in death, Adam Yauch is
a musician for whom principles
matter. Mr. Yauch, the Beastie
Boys member known as MCA,
who died three months ago after
a battle with cancer, made it
clear in his will that he did not
want his image, name, music “or
any artistic property” used in ad-
vertising, The Associated Press
reported. That was his stance
during his life as well; he once
rapped that he would not “sell
my songs for no TV ad.” The will, filed in Manhattan
court this week, leaves a roughly
$6 million estate to his widow
and teenage daughter. Mr.
Yauch, who was a practicing
Buddhist, started out as a
tongue-in-cheek prankster, a
scratchy-voiced punk rocker
who adopted rap as a form. But
as the Beastie Boys became su-
perstars and helped hip-hop en-
ter the mainstream, Mr. Yauch,
above in 2004, became a socially
conscious artist who, among oth-
er things, was a champion of in-
dependence for Tibet. He died of
cancer of the salivary gland at 47
on May 4, in New York City. JAMES C.McKINLEY Jr. Philip Marlowe to Return
In Novel by John Banville
Philip Marlowe is making an-
other comeback. Henry Holt &
Company said that the character,
Raymond Chandler’s creation
and one of the world’s most fa-
mous private eyes, would star in
a novel written by John Banville
to be published in 2013. Mr. Ban-
ville, 66, is a Booker Prize-win-
ning author who has also written
several mysteries under the
pseudonym Benjamin Black. The new Marlowe novel by Mr.
Banville, below, which was au-
thorized by Chandler’s estate,
will be billed as a work by Black.
It will be set in the 1940s in
Chandler’s fictional town,Bay
City, Calif. Robert B. Parker
wrote two authorized Marlowe
books, “Poodle
Springs” (1989)
and “Per-
chance to
Dream” (1991).
Martin Amis
looked unfa-
vorably on
“Perchance” in
The New York Times Book Re-
view: Mr. Parker’s Marlowe
“has no turbulent soul, no inner
complication to keep in check.
Mr. Parker neither understands
nor respects Marlowe’s inhibi-
tions; he fritters them away, un-
consciously questing for some
contemporary ideal of gruff lik-
ability.” Holt’s announcement
came as it published “Venge-
ance,” the latest novel by Benja-
Arts, Briefly
The Sweet Spot A.O. Scott and
David Carr discuss the success,
or failure, of actors and musi-
cians who multitask: nytimes
Matt Mitchell crept up on the
New York jazz scene pretty re-
cently, and he didn’t seem in a
hurry to make himself known. A
pianist of classical touch and me-
thodical temperament,
he fell in with coolly in-
stigative composer-im-
provisers like John Hol-
lenbeck and Tim Berne,
his reputation accruing
as a byproduct of his
work ethic. Mr. Mitchell churned out his
own music too, but in an intro-
spective fashion: you’ll find sev-
eral books of his piano études for
sale, but still no albums, aside
from a musique concrète solo re-
cording released in 2007.
But by nowthe word is out
about Mr. Mitchell, who turned 37
a few weeks ago. He just received
a Pew Arts Fellowship and
worked last weekend with Mr.
Hollenbeck at the Newport Jazz
Festival. He appears on a warmly
engaging new album by the
trumpeter Dave Douglas, due out
next month: a catalyst for further
recognition. And there was a ritu-
al of arrival on Thursday night at
Greenwich House, where,as part
of the new concert series Sound
It Out, he led an acoustic trio in
its public debut.
Mr. Mitchell has a dry but per-
sonable demeanor — the name of
another of his bands, Normal Re-
markable Persons,feels about
right — and he seemed at ease
here, in an underventilated but
acoustically favorable room well
stocked with his fellow musi-
cians. The trio, with Chris Tordini
on bass and Dan Weiss on drums,
unpacked seven of his composi-
tions over roughly an hour.
The music was highly detailed,
full of terse harmonic frictions
and oblong rhythmic construc-
tions, but it often had a spontane-
ous dynamism traceable to Mr.
Weiss, through his well-placed
flare-ups of lightly clattering
funk. Still, this is a group propelled
from the piano. In the piece “All
Hail Elasticity,” Mr. Mitchell
showed the strengths of this ar-
rangement, with a capricious
melody reinforced with thorny
cross talk. His solo unfurled
along similar lines, with one hand
holding down an asymmetrical
vamp while the other rhapso-
dized in an unrelated tempo. Elsewhere there were songs of
lesser turbulence — a new ballad,
“Hyperpathos,” revolved around
the slow permutation of a scintil-
lating harmonic sequence — but
it all kept coming back to the key-
board as a gravitational center.
Mr. Mitchell has his guideposts
as an improviser, including Paul
Bley and Andrew Hill,pioneers of
stubborn poise and self-contain-
ment. Another new song,
“T’wouldnt’ve,” supplemented
the fine-etched dissonance of a
serialist composition with a
chordal turn that evoked Thelo-
nious Monk. And Mr. Mitchell
has also absorbed some of the di-
gressive and contrapuntal strat-
egies associated with Mr. Berne,
who was in the audience.“Gym-
nastic Era,” the concert’s opener,
resembled a Berne theme.
What could have helped the
trio was more diversity of mood
and a looser grasp of the materi-
al. Mr. Tordini sounded strong
throughout the set, but he spent a
lot of time shadowing ostinatos
played by Mr. Mitchell’s left
hand,a redundancy that grew
wearisome. Mr. Weiss already
exercises a lot of earned license
in the band — he and Mr. Mitchell
have a working duo, Fourth
Floor,that will release an album
soon — so it’s surely just a matter
of time before Mr. Tordini finds
his way in. Which will probably
be fine;Mr. Mitchell can wait.
The Matt Mitchell Trio
, with, from left,Mr. Mitchell,Chris Tordini and Dan Weiss, as part of the Sound It Out series at Greenwich House.
CHINEN New Compositions From a Trio Propelled by Piano
The Sound It Out series at Green-
wich House continues on Aug. 22
with Surface to Air;
“Funny as Hell!” – NewYork Post
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
Tue 7;Wed 2&7;Th 7;Fr 8;Sat 2&8;Sun 3
Walter Kerr Theatre,219 West 48th St
Today at 2 &8
By Peter Quilter, Terry Johnson
Tu 7,Wed 2&8,Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 3
Telecharge.comor 212-239-6200
Belasco Theatre (+) 111 W.44th St.
2006 Tony Award Winner
Today at 2 &8;Tomorrowat 3
Tue-Thu 7;Fri &Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
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Group Discounts (15+):877-536-3437
August Wilson Thea(+) 245 W.52nd St.
Today at 2 &8
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or call 866-870-2717
Groups (15+):800-439-9000
Tue-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
NewAmsterdamThea(+) B'way &42 St.
Final 2 Performances!
Tonight at 8;Tomorrowat 7
Directed by SPIKE LEE
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Longacre Theater (+) 220 W48th St
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Best Original Score Best Choreography
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or call (866) 870-2717
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Mo - We 7:30;We 2;Fr 8;Sa 2 &8;Su 3
Nederlander Theatre (+) 208 W.41st St.
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Imperial Theatre (+),249 West 45th Street
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The Jacobs Theatre (+) 242 W.45th St.
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of Great Britain Production
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Tue 7,Wed 2&8,Thu 7,Fri 8,Sat 2&8,Sun 3
Music Box Theatre (+) 239 W.45th St.
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Mon-Thur 7;Wed &Sat 2;Fri &Sat 8
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Brooks Atkinson Theatre (+) 256 W.47th
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Helen Hayes Theatre (+),240 W44th St.
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Broadway Theatre (+),Bway at 53rd St
Broadway's High Flying Spectacular!
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Foxwoods Theatre (+),213 W.42nd St.
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The Landmark Musical Event
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or call 866-870-2717
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Tue 7;Wed-Sat 8;Wed &Sat 2;Sun 3
Special Added Performance 8/12 at 8pm
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Majestic Theatre(+) 247 W.44th St.
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BEST PLAY!2011 Tony Award Winner
Lincoln Center Theater presents
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Vivian Beaumont Theater (+) 150 W.65 St.
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Gershwin Theatre(+) 222 West 51st St.
Final Perf.This Sun - Back in October!
Jake Ehrenreich's
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Theater
120 West 46th St (betw6 &7)
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By Woody Harrelson &Frankie Hyman
Directed by Woody Harrelson
M8,W7,Th &F 8,Sa 2 &8,Su 3 &7
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NewWorld Stages - 340 W.50th Street
TODAT AT 2,5&8
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Astor Place Theatre,434 Lafayette St.
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Limited engagement thru 8/19
Music &Lyrics by
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Book By Peter Duchan
Choreography by Christopher Gattelli
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Second Stage Theatre,305 W.43rd St
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47th Street Theatre - 304 W.47th Street
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59E59 Theaters,59 E.59th St.
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Signature Theatre presents
by SamShepard
directed by Daniel Aukin
Tue-Fri at 7:30;Sat at 2&8;Sun at 2&7:30
The Pershing Square Signature Center
480 West 42nd Street
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"Over-the-Top Musical Satire!"- amNY
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The Westside Theatre - 407 W.43rd St.
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Journey of a Rock Star Rabbi
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79 E 4th St (NewYork Theatre Workshop)
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Signature Theatre presents
written and directed by
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BarrowStreet Theatre (+),27 BarrowSt.
rected the festival for several summers,
from 1987 to 1993. (He took a year off in
1992.) He was a formidable presence in
2008, during the Carter festivities, and
in 2010, when his popular first opera,
“Where the Wild Things Are,” was a hit
of the summer. That work’s follow-up,
“Higglety Pigglety Pop!” — which, like
“Wild Things,” is based on a Maurice
Sendak book — will be performed here
on Sunday evening. Mr. Knussen’s program is devoted
mostly to British and American com-
posers. (Exceptions include the Finnish
conductor and composer Esa-Pekka Sa-
lonen and an Italian, Niccolò Castiglio-
ni.) The opening installment balanced
the old guard — Harrison Birtwistle,
Mr. Carter and Castiglioni — against
two relative newcomers, Luke Bedford
(born in 1978) and Sean Shepherd (born
in 1979). This is a diverse bunch, but their
works share a fluid style that has eluded
the labels that classical music listeners
use as a handy descriptive shorthand. It
is easiest to say what their music is not.
It is neither serialist (though it tends to-
ward atonality) nor neo-Romantic
(though it has lyrical currents and
sometimes Romantic heft). It largely ig-
nores Minimalism (though it occasion-
ally, if briefly, uses repetition as a driv-
ing force) and it is certainly not indie
classical (its eclecticism notwithstand-
ing). Maybe these composers should be
called Texturalists, because in every
case these works were most striking for
the lively play of contrasting colors,
tempos and dynamics that gave them a
tactile sense of dimension. Sure, there is more to the music than
appealing surfaces. Castiglioni’s
“Quickly: Theme and Variations for 23
Instruments” (1994) uses a time-hon-
ored form in brilliant, original ways. Its
angular solo violin theme is decon-
structed and reconfigured in 23 short
elaborations for a continually morphing
stream of instrumental combinations:
harp and harpsichord, for example, give
way to celesta and glockenspiel; violins
and wind chimes give way to wood-
winds and bells. You can see the textur-
al appeal. Mr. Birtwistle’s “Cantus Iambeus”
(2005) is packed with arcane tech-
niques: as its title suggests, its themes
use the short-long alternations of iam-
bic pentameter. It also uses hocketing, a
medieval technique in which melodies
are split between voices in interlocking
figures. But the score’s immediate
charm lies in its flighty pointillism, and
the fleetness with which a shimmering
harp and percussion figure is offset by
the growl of the bass or the strained lyr-
icism of the horn line. Medievalism was on Mr. Bedford’s
mind too. “Or Voit Tout en Aventure”
(2006) weaves three medieval poems,
all touching on debates about the state
of music in the 14th century, into a seam-
less cycle. Its vocal line, sung with suave
clarity by YoonGeong Lee,a soprano,
hints at the texts’ medieval roots, but
the orchestral accompaniment, alter-
nately a distant haze and a rich tapestry
of timbres (including an accordion) is
thoroughly up to date. Mr. Carter’s Double Trio (2011) — like
its earlier counterpart, the Triple Duo
(1983) — takes its energy from the inter-
play of competing groups (two trios)
within the larger ensemble, though tem-
po and dynamic contrasts are every-
where, even within the distinct trios.
And though Mr. Shepard’s work “These
Particular Circumstances” (2009), writ-
ten for the New York Philharmonic’s
Contact!series, uses a broader palette
and a looser approach to style, its ener-
gy and changeability made it seem
linked to the Carter in spirit. The performances, by the fellows of
the Tanglewood Music Center, the New
Fromm Players and guests, were consis-
tently energetic and polished. Alexandre
Bloch, Vlad Agachi and Jonathan Ber-
man split the conducting. The Festival of Contemporary Music
runs through Monday at Seiji Ozawa
Hall, Tanglewood, Lenox, Mass.;
(888) 266-1200,
For a Leafy Preserve, Uncommon Compositions
Alexandre Bloch leading a performance of Niccolò Castiglioni’s “Quickly” on
Thursday at Tanglewood’s Festival of Contemporary Music in Lenox, Mass.
From First Arts Page
A new-music program
features Carter, Birtwistle
and Castiglioni.
ous homage to Bruce Weber’s great
“Let’s Get Lost.” “Up to Speed,” a
scripted travel show with a high-energy
host and whimsical animated se-
quences, is often clever but doesn’t
have the same ambitions. Still, it’s im-
possible to look at Mr. Levitch here —
working within the system, even if it is
in an independently produced Web se-
ries — and not recall the much more in-
teresting and unwashed figure he cut in
“The Cruise.”
It’s an easy comparison to make, be-
cause “The Cruise” is also available free
at Hulu. If you watch it or rewatch it,
you’ll be struck by the lovely, now
creepy final scene of Mr. Levitch spin-
ning in circles on the World Trade Cen-
ter plaza and lying down to look up at
the towers, because he likes the sensa-
tion that they’re “falling in on” him. It’s
a hint of the essential problem with “Up
to Speed”: most weeks it takes Mr.
Levitch away from the only city that
really matters to him.
poselessness our destination.” At that
point he offers a refund, and one couple
walks away from the tour.
It’s unfair to set “Up to Speed” next
to “The Cruise,” an artful and authenti-
cally poetic documentary made in obvi-
have survived the years. He’s been do-
mesticated to a degree — if the self-pro-
moting poet manqué of “The Cruise”
bordered on the cartoonish, the relent-
lessly energetic commentator of “Up to
Speed” crosses over into actual cartoon.
But he’s still someone the average New
Yorker would avoid sitting next to on
the subway.
In the new showMr. Levitch ventures
across America, leading historical walk-
ing tours of familiar places like San
Francisco and Chicago and of less com-
mon destinations,like the Kansas-Mis-
souri border. The tours sometimes have
themes: the Chicago episode is organ-
ized around sites connected to the birth
of the labor movement; the Kansas epi-
sode is all about the 1850s border skir-
mishes that prefigured the Civil War
(and there’s something you don’t see on
video every day).
There’s some solid educational value
here, though Mr. Linklater and Mr.
Levitch’s techniques for making it pal-
atable won’t be to everyone’s taste.
There are no people in the show beyond
Mr. Levitch and the small tour groups
he leads around. Instead of talking to lo-
cal historians and merchants the way
most travel hosts do, he seeks out inani-
mate objects like memorials, statues
and buildings — and talks to them.
In San Francisco Mr. Levitch talks to
a fire hydrant famous for its role in the
1906 earthquake,and it talks back, in a
voice-over that sounds like Mr. Magoo.
In Chicago he talks to the original me-
morial statue for the Haymarket massa-
cre,and it replies in a bad Irish accent.
In Kansas he has a conversation with a
Bowie knife. He talks to an iron fence, a
Jayhawk statue, a redwood tree, a door-
knob. Tolerance for this will vary; mine
ran out pretty quickly. Comparisons to “The Cruise” are in-
evitable when Mr. Levitch does a New
York tour (it’s scheduled to be Episode
4), and he encourages them, returning
to some of his themes from the movie,
like the soul-killing uniformity of the
city’s street grid. He also takes a stab at
the verbal embellishment, just this side
of laughable, that characterized the
film: “New York City is a jazz bebop
conversationalist of a metropolis....
Let arbitrary be our co-pilot and pur-
Timothy Levitch, pointing, leading a group of tourists through Times Square
in a scene from the Web series “Up to Speed,” directed by Richard Linklater.
A Guide Who Talks to Trees
(And Statues and Hydrants)
From First Arts Page
“Judge Alex,” if the episodes or the sea-
son began by revealing the winner?
Who’s-going-to-win television,
though, is merely the most obvious for-
mat for sports and other programming;
it isn’t the only one. That’s because,
embedded in our collective TVwatch-
ing makeup, we all have what you
might call the “Columbo” gene. We have the ability, the hunger even,
to watch something when we already
know the resolution because we have
done it before, most prominently with
“Columbo,” the long-running detective
series starring Peter Falk. That show’s
episodes didn’t build to the revelation
of the murderer’s identity; they began
with it. The reason to watch was to see how
Falk’s Lieutenant Columbo,one of tele-
vision’s great characters, wore down
the killer and cracked the case. The
gimmick worked for an extraordinarily
long time. Falk, who died last year, first
played the character in a 1968 made-for-
TV movie, and he was still playing him
in 2003.
“Wait a minute,” you may be saying.
“There is no comparison between the
Olympics and a moldy old detective
show.” But how is a crafty detective’s
pursuit of a wily suspect most often de-
scribed? As a cat-and-mouse game. The
key word there is “game.” A game has a
winner and a loser, whether it’s beach
volleyball or a fictional murder investi-
gation, and in “Columbo” there was
never any doubt who was going to win.
So those of you who are still trying to
avoid hearing real-time Olympic results
need to focus on what made “Columbo”
so enjoyable. It was the little things —
all those delightful tics Falk put into the
character — and the comfort of not hav-
ing to figure out who done it. “Columbo” was relaxation television,
which, frankly, we could use more of in
prime time, choked as it is with frenetic
reality shows and densely plotted dra-
mas. And that’s how to consume after-
the-fact Olympic coverage: as comfort
food, not as a stress-inducing, thrill-of-
victory-agony-of-defeat double espres-
so. It’s liberating to watch all these ob-
scure sports and not feel as if you had
to take a crash course in how they’re
played so that you can try to gauge
who’s going to win. Is 12.94 a good time
in the 110-meter hurdles or a bad score
in the men’s high bar? Does water polo
involve any actual strategy, or is it just
a bunch of guys or gals goofing around
in a pool? Is there really any apprecia-
ble difference between one pair of syn-
chronized divers and another? Don’t
care; already know who won. Just go-
ing to sit here and admire the impossi-
bly fit bodies and be glad I don’t have to
wear that ridiculous pool headgear.
With foreknowledge of the results,
you can even make adjustments to suit
your personal anxiety-tolerance level.
Don’t want to see Gabby Douglas’s ex-
cruciating fall? Turns out a balance
beam routine lasts exactly as long as it
takes to go to the kitchen and get some
ice cream.
The ratings for NBC’s coverage
prove that many people have already
discovered the sedentary joys of this
type of viewing. But NBC deserves
some criticism for not making it easier
for holdouts to make the transition. Ex-
ecutives should have helped people
learn to love already-know-the-results
Olympics by subtly appealing to that
“Columbo” gene mentioned earlier.
Bob Costas, for instance, should have
been in a Columbo trench coat every
time we saw him; you suspect that he
could have done a pretty good Peter
Falk impersonation. England; rain: it
even makes sartorial sense. An occa-
sional shot of Mr. Costas next to a beat-
up car would have helped too, though in
deference to the host country it should
have been a Mini rather than Colum-
bo’s Peugeot. And all those post-event interviewers
should have adapted Columbo’s most
beloved quirk, the just-one-more-thing
grilling technique. The detective, of
course, was famous for questioning a
suspect, then walking away, then turn-
ing around and saying, “Just one more
thing,” repeating this until the belea-
guered killer broke down and con-
fessed. Who wouldn’t prefer that to the
obligatory questions and numbingly in-
nocuous answers NBC has generally
settled for?
So how does it feel to
have won the gold?
I’ve been imagining this my
entire life, and I’m proud to have been
able to represent the United States.
Thank you. [Pause.] Oh,
just one more thing: Do you ever won-
der how much you could get for that
medal on eBay?
I’ve dreamed about this since
I was a child, and I’m glad to have been
able to represent the United States.
Thank you. [Pause.] Oh,
just one more thing: We know you
wiped your prints off the gun, but are
you sure you wiped them off the ammu-
nition that’s still in the chamber?
All right, for God’s sake; I ad-
mit it: I am sick to death of hearing the
National Anthem! I hate that song. And
this unitard is uncomfortable as hell. I
can’t wait to get the son of a bitch off.
You happy now? INTERVIEWER
Back to you, Bob. Is it
still raining up in the booth?
Forget about the excitement of watching the end of a contest like this 110-meter decathlon heat, unaware of the winner. Armed with the results beforehand, you can luxuriate in stress-free rooting.
How to Enjoy the Olympics, ‘Columbo’ Style: Outcomes Without Suspense
From First Arts Page
A link to the first episode of “Up to
memory, is real, as the natural-
ness and exuberance of the per-
formances on Thursday made
The program began with a joy-
ous account of Schubert’s Sym-
phony No.3 in D, written speed-
ily in the summer of 1815, when
Schubert was 18. After a curious-
ly somber, slow introduction, the
Allegro movement takes off with
a jaunty tune for a coy clarinet.
The Freiburg’s reedy, mellow
woodwind section is especially
impressive. The string sound is
lean yet warm and penetrating. For the most part, the tempos
that Mr. Heras-Casado chose in
the Schubert were lithe but never
rushed, leaving plenty of breath-
ing room for inner voices to come
through. The jaunty Allegro is fol-
The Freiburg Baroque Orches-
tra, a leading period-instrument
ensemble entering its 25th sea-
son, came to the Mostly Mozart
Festival on Thursday night but
played no Mozart,
nor any of the Ba-
roque repertory it
specializes in. Instead the pro-
gram, which drew
a nearly full house
to Alice Tully Hall, offered Schu-
bert’s Third Symphony, Mendels-
sohn’s “Italian” Symphony and a
rarity: Schumann’s Introduction
and Allegro Appassionato for Pi-
ano and Orchestra, with Kristian
Bezuidenhout playing the solo
part on a fortepiano. The instru-
ment, built by R.J. Regier in
Maine, is an amalgam modeled
after Graf and Bösendorfer pi-
anos from the 1830s. The Freiburg ensemble has
been branching into 19th-century
repertory and contemporary
works. Hearing Schubert, Schu-
mann and Mendelssohn played
on instruments close to those
that would have been employed
in the mid-19th century was, as
always, fascinating. But what
really mattered were the vibrant
performances the fast-rising
Spanish conductor Pablo Heras-
Casado, 34, drew from the play-
ers, with whom he has per-
formed, toured and recorded. New Yorkers will be able to
hear Mr. Heras-Casado often in
coming seasons, now that he has
become the principal conductor
of the Orchestra of St. Luke’s.
The chemistry between the Frei-
burg players and Mr. Heras-
Casado, who used no baton and
led the two symphonies from
lowed by a Mozartean Allegretto
that is not really a slow move-
ment, taken here at a nice am-
bling gait. The Menuetto has a
middle trio section in the style of
a ländler, an Austrian dance,
played with a fetching blend of
rustic jollity and suave phrasing.
The finale is another dance, this
time in the manner of a racing
tarantella, though thankfully, Mr.
Heras-Casado and the players
were not racing for the gold in
this fleet, light-textured perform-
Pairing the Schubert with
Mendelssohn’s “Italian” Sym-
phony, which ended the program,
was a good idea, since the Men-
delssohn ends with a saltarello,
sort of a no-kidding tarantella.
Again the conductor and the or-
chestra conveyed the music’s diz-
zying energy while reining things
in enough to keep the playing
crisp and lucid. The performance
of the first movement was excep-
tional: sunny and animated yet
warm and articulate. Today we are so accustomed to
hearing piano concertos played
on a modern concert grand that it
took a couple of minutes to adjust
to the intimate sound of Mr.
Bezuidenhout’s fortepiano. The
Schumann is a one-movement,
15-minute piece in two parts,
composed in 1849. By then more
powerful pianos would have been
During the introduction the or-
chestra passes around melodic
phrases while the piano mostly
provides fluid figures, like ac-
companiments of Schumann
songs, played with rippling grace
by the impressive Mr. Bezuiden-
hout. This section segues into an
impetuous Allegro, in which in-
tense passages veer through
shifting harmonic realms. The
performance captured the blend
of storminess and majesty in this
overlooked piece.
After the concert the French
pianist Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
played a solo recital at the Kap-
lan Penthouse as part of the festi-
val’s popular Little Night Music
series. He began with a beautiful-
ly pensive and technically nimble
account of Haydn’s Sonata in C
minor (Hob. XVI:20). Then he
turned to Debussy: the “Hom-
mage à Haydn,” followed by an
expansive, richly colored per-
formance of “Images,” Series 1. Mr. Bavouzet ended with his
own astonishing and extremely
difficult arrangement of Debus-
sy’s pathbreaking, erotically
charged 1912 ballet,“Jeux.” He
preceded his performance with
an engaging explanation of what
the ballet is about (two young
women meet a young man on a
tennis court, and things turn
steamy) and why he tried to tran-
scribe such a complex orchestral
work into a piece for “just 10 fin-
gers.” His fingers served him
well in this dazzling perform-
ance, which ended close to mid-
A Vibrant Performance, Though Neither Mozart Nor Even Baroque
REVIEW Mostly Mozart Festival
The fortepiano soloist Kristian Bezuidenhout with the Freiburg
Baroque Orchestra,conducted by Pablo Heras-Casado.
The Mostly Mozart Festival runs
through Aug. 25 at Lincoln Center
and various other locations;
(212) 721-6500,
The stage fog rolled in during
intermission at Ballet NY’s pro-
gram at the Ailey Citigroup
Theater on Thursday night.
What followed was “The Garden
of Souls,” a work-in-
progress duet by the
company’s artistic di-
rector Medhi Bahiri.
To the taped Middle
Eastern singing of
Azam Ali, Jennifer
Goodman and Jason Jordan
emerged to undulate, together
and apart, in red-and-black leg-
gings under half-skirts.
When Greg Ellis’s drums
kicked in, the skirts came off.
The music suggested the kind of
massage parlor that sells crys-
tals, and the symmetrical chor-
eography was true to the music. It was not a work you wanted
to see progress. But if nothing
else on the program was nearly
as awful, nothing else was as viv-
id. Mr. Bahiri’s new ensemble
piece, “Trois Mouvements,” set
to music by the workaday Ba-
roque composer Tomaso Albino-
ni, seems interchangeable with
any of dozens of other ballets by
second-rate companies to Ba-
roque scores. The central section, in which
two women serve as the physical
equivalent of ground bass while
a series of couples rides the mel-
ody line, offers at least some
structural interest. Otherwise, it
is just competent dancers danc-
ing competently. Part of Ballet NY’s mission is
to serve as a testing ground for
emerging choreographers. “Trip-
tych,” a company premiere by
John-Mark Owen, who has
danced with Ballet NY, shows
promise, even though it looked
under-rehearsed and was con-
fusingly missing the first of its
three parts. That left the bitter-
sweet middle and fraying end of
a romance, each stage embodied
by a different pair of dancers. A long skein of partnering that
remains uncommonly fluid while
tightening like a stretched rub-
ber band, Mr. Owen’s choreogra-
phy for the first couple (Kelsey
Coventry and Michael Eaton)
capitalizes on the stately agita-
tion of a Baroque violin sonata
by H.F. Biber. In his work for the second cou-
ple (Nadezhda Vostrikov and
Fidel Garcia), the fluidity plays
against a staccato roughness, an
intriguing contrast to the serene
church voices of Rachmaninoff’s
“Vespers.” In such choreographic compa-
ny, the art of a dance maker of
Agnes de Mille’s stature might
stick out. But “The Other” — her
final work, created in 1992, the
year before her death — is far
from her best, and in this per-
formance it was also incomplete. The excerpted duet for two
lovers in springtime (Ms. Good-
man and Luke Manley) is frolic-
some, a kind of fabricated an-
tique,with its Schubert lieder
score and standard character-
dance folk gestures. In the full
work the sugar of the allegorical
lovers is offset by the specter of
an allegorical Death. But at the
Ailey, there was only cotton can-
dy, fluffy and forgettable. RUBY WASHINGTON/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Ballet NY
Nadezhda Vostrikov and Fidel Garcia, front, and Kelsey Coventry and Michael Eaton,in
“Triptych” by John-Mark Owen, a dance in a program by this company at the Ailey Citigroup Theater. DANCE
SEIBERT Romances
Of Various
The Ballet NY program will be
performed again on Saturday at
Ailey Citigroup Theater, 405 West
55th Street, Clinton; (212) 868-
4444, LILLE, France — While the
Second World Mind Sports
Games get under way here, with
the first three rounds played on
Friday, let’s look at one more
board from the 14th World Youth
Teams Championships in Tai-
cang, China.
The diagramed deal occurred
during the qualifying match be-
tween the Youngsters (under 21)
of Norway and USA-1. It featured
excellent declarer play at one ta-
ble and defense at the other.
In the given auction, Adam
Kaplan (North) opened one club,
showing 16 or more points. The
pass by Zachary Brescoll
(South) over East’s one-heart
overcall indicated either 0-5
points or a penalty double of
hearts. The rest of the auction
was natural.
Against four spades, West led
his singleton diamond. Brescoll
realized that he had to play the
trump suit for the loss of one
trick. Finding the doubleton
king-queen was so unlikely that
he decided to play East for
queen-doubleton or king-double-
South won with dummy’s dia-
mond ace, then called for the
spade jack. As Brescoll hoped,
East assumed he had king-fourth
of spades and was trying to
smoke out the queen. East
played low smoothly.
West won with his king and
shifted to a heart, but declarer
won with dummy’s ace, cashed
the spade ace to drop the queen,
drew the last trump and claimed,
conceding one diamond and one
heart in addition to the one spade
already lost.
At the other table North
opened one diamond; Zachary
Grossack (East) overcalled one
heart; his brother, Adam Gros-
sack (West), raised to two
hearts; North doubled for take-
out; and East made an aggres-
sive re-raise to three hearts. Af-
ter two passes, North took a shot
at three no-trump.
East, assuming North was pre-
pared for a heart lead, perhaps
holding the ace-queen, led the
club deuce, fourth-highest. West
immediately noticed that there
was risk that the suit would be-
come blocked. And deciding that
his partner would have led high
from ace-king-fourth, it seemed
likely that declarer had the bare
ace (or king). So West did not put
up his queen, but played an en-
couraging three, using upside-
down attitude signals.
Then, when East was in with
his diamond king at Trick 3, the
defenders took five club tricks
for down two.
Plus 620 and plus 200 gave 13
international match points to
USA-1 on the board.
Phillip Alder Bridge NORTH
S A J 10 6
h A J
d A Q J 10 7 2
S K 8 5
h Q 9 8
d 9
C Q 7 6 5 4 3
S Q 7
hK 10 4 3 2
d K 5
C K 10 8 2
S 9 4 3 2
h 7 6 5
d 8 6 4 3
C J 9
Both sides were vulnerable.
The bidding:
West North East South
Pass 1 C 1 h Pass
2 h Dbl. Pass 2 S
Pass 4 S Pass Pass
West led the diamond nine.
Other points of view
on the Op-Ed page
seven days a week.
The New York Times
But as Mr. Nelson points out,
Turgenev’s script specifies that
Natalya is only 29.And so he has
cast Ms. Collins, who looks as if
she might still be carded at bars.
Of course the point is that Nata-
lya feels old, whatever her age.
And you can imagine how an
amusing performance might
emerge from the contrast be-
tween a palpably young woman
and her exaggerated,grande
dame world-weariness. Ms. Collins’s performance,
whatever its virtues, is not amus-
ing. She plays Natalya with the
pinched, fretful air of a studious
college sophomore facing a phys-
ics final. And like her fellow cast
members, she keeps her voice
mostly at a low, droning, dying
pitch, as if boredom were a termi-
nal disease. When Natalya erupts
into joy or anger, the audience
laughs, because it’s such a jolting
contrast to her normal demeanor.
You can feel Ms. Collins and
the rest of the cast burrowing in-
side themselves, trying to sum-
mon authentic feelings and then
bring them to the surface quietly.
And in some of the one-on-one
encounters —between the young
Ms. Bydwell and Mr. Cihi, or be-
tween Sean Cullen as a scheming
doctor and Elisabeth Waterston
as a paid companion —there’s a
credible, in-the-moment emotion-
al flow.
Yet these vignettes felt like ex-
ercises from a scene-study class,
and I never had a sense of their
relating to the larger world of the
play or feeding its momentum.
“And he wanted nothing between
actor and audience.”
In attempting to replicate that
effect, Mr. Nelson has pared
down what is usually presented
as a sumptuous costume drama
to an austerity that evokes the
spartan set of Thornton Wilder’s
“Our Town.” Takeshi Kata’s sce-
nery consists of little more than
wooden chairs and tables,which
the performers rearrange to suit
the scene. Susan Hilferty’s cos-
tumes seem to be of the play’s
place and period (Russia in the
1840s),but they are also as sim-
ple as everyday, second-best
work clothes.
The proscenium stage has
been extended to thrust into the
audience, heightening the sense
that we are one with the cast
members. Only Japhy Weide-
man’s lighting, somber and dis-
passionate, seems to separate us
from them. As for the performers, they are
mostly young, subdued and very,
very serious. And as they act out
Turgenev’s tale of restless, list-
less people playing at love and
derailing lives, they rarely raise
their voices or unfurrow their
brows. It’s as if the psychological
exploration they are engaged in
were as grave and delicate an en-
terprise as smashing atoms.
This is a brave approach to a
play in which boredom is the de-
fining element through which the
characters move. (In writing a
play that presents ennui as an ex-
istential condition and a national
epidemic, Turgenev anticipated
Chekhov by half a century.) And
no one makes much pretense that
the situation is otherwise. “Can boredom be hidden? Ev-
erything else... but not bore-
dom.” That line is said by Mikhail
Rakitin (an intense, soft-spoken
Jeremy Strong),who has a ped-
ant’s habit of answering his own
questions. Mikhail, an eternal
houseguest, is in residence at the
home of his prosperous friend
Arkady Islaev (Louis Cancelmi).
He is also inconveniently in love
with his host’s wife, the alluring
and capricious Natalya (Jessica
She in turn is dangerously en-
amored of the student Alexei
Belyaev (Julian Cihi),who is tu-
toring her son, Kolya (Parker
Alexei is also loved by Natalya’s
17-year-old ward,Vera (Charlotte
Bydwell),who is being sought in
marriage by a rich but dimwitted
landowner (Paul Anthony
McGrane).I don’t think it’s spoil-
ing anything to say that despite
these teeming passions, not so
much as a kiss is exchanged (un-
less you count hand kissing) be-
fore the end. It is Natalya, with her ever-
changing whims and stormy tem-
perament, who makes this isolat-
ed, drifting world go around and
finally spins it off its axis. The
part has been an understandable
draw for majestic actresses, and
Natalya has shown up on Broad-
way in the formidable persons of
Alla Nazimova, Uta Hagen and
Helen Mirren.
The performers may have laid
down the psychological ground-
work for their roles. But aside
from Kate Kearney-Patch in the
small role of Arkady’s mother,
they have yet to turn them into
flesh-and-blood characters. Like it or not, people do have
outsides as well as insides. And
whether an actor starts from
within or without, you usually
have to have both. It’s the friction
between the two that creates ex-
citing acting.
As one of this country’s most
probing and subtle playwrights
(“Goodnight Children Every-
where,” “Sweet and Sad”) and as
a director of his own work, Mr.
Nelson has provided lovingly as-
sembled showcases for such fric-
tion, in which people’s exactly de-
tailed exteriors clash with their
passions and aspirations. Perhaps in his zeal to find the
true core of a play he felt had
been long misinterpreted, he
stripped down his production too
far.I suppose you could say, char-
itably, that it has a certain trans-
parency of feeling. But without
anchoring surface quirks and
physical details of character,
transparency comes dangerously
close to invisibility.
From left, Kate Kearney-Patch, Elisabeth Waterston, Jessica Collins and Jeremy Strong in Turgenev’s “Month in the Country.”
A Month in the Country
By Ivan Turgenev, translated by Richard
Nelson, Richard Pevear and Larissa Volo-
khonsky; directed by Mr. Nelson; set by
Takeshi Kata; costumes by Susan Hilfer-
ty; lighting by Japhy Weideman; sound
by Drew Levy; production stage man-
ager, Eileen Ryan Kelly; production man-
ager, Eric Nottke. Presented by the Wil-
liamstown Theater Festival, Jenny Gerst-
en, artistic director; Stephen M. Kaus,
producer. At the Main Stage, ’62 Center
for Theater and Dance, 1000 Main Street
(Route 2),Williamstown, Mass.;
(413) 597-3400, Through
Aug.19. Running time: 2 hours 35 min-
utes. WITH: Parker Bell-Devaney (Kolya),
Charlotte Bydwell (Vera), Louis Cancel-
mi (Arkady Islaev), Julian Cihi (Alexei
Belyaev), Jessica Collins (Natalya), Sean
Cullen (Ignaty Shpigelsky), Harry Ford
(Matvei), Kate Kearney-Patch (Anna),
Paul Anthony McGrane (Afanasy Bol-
shinstov), Jeremy Strong (Mikhail Raki-
tin) and Elisabeth Waterston (Lizaveta). Analysis
By Group
On Estate
In Russia
From First Arts Page
exhibition that included Faith
Ringgold’s quilts. But community and arts
groups have not rented space as
much as expected. The children’s
gym occupying the retail space in
the condo complex closed this
spring, a reflection of the woes af-
flicting many small businesses in
Harlem. (In just the last few
weeks, the Hue-Man bookstore, a
Harlem fixture, closed, as did the
only neighborhood bowling alley,
Harlem Lanes.) The association did not develop
a well-connected board that could
help with fund-raising. And when
the Internal Revenue Service re-
voked its tax-exempt status in
2011, citing a failure to file tax re-
turns for three consecutive years,
it could no longer solicit private,
corporate or government support
as a nonprofit. As a result, operating expenses
have exceeded revenue at a ratio
of five to one, forcing the associa-
tion to spend three times more
than projected to subsidize the
center. Mr. Rivers declined to say
how much money was left. But ac-
cording to a reorganization report
he shared, the association suf-
fered net losses of $298,201 in
2009, $275,816 in 2010 and $258,385
in 2011. “We didn’t lay out a strategy to
keep moving forward,” said Cliff
Frazier, the association’s founder
and president. “You learn from
your mistakes. Our concentration
at the Dwyer was to get it fixed
and make it available to commu-
nity groups to have meetings, put
on plays and readings and to help
cultural institutions.” Usually open to the public Mon-
day through Saturday, and often
on Sunday, the Dwyer was closed
most days this summer. In Sep-
tember only five performances
are scheduled, at least a 50 per-
cent drop in usual programming,
said Barabara Horowitz, the
founder and president of Commu-
nity Works, a nonprofit arts and
education organization that pro-
vides the Dwyer’s programs. Community Works has brought
in its own staff and relied on vol-
unteers to keep the center run-
ning. Ms. Horowitz said that she
was still committed to the Dwyer
and its mission, but that she had
formed new partnerships and
moved programs to other places,
beginning with an exhibition
about Harlem next month at the
Interchurch Center at 120th
Street and Riverside Drive. “Hopefully, a plan will emerge
to maintain the space to continue
to celebrate this amazing commu-
nity,” she said. “I.C.A. wants us
here as long as the Dwyer is open,
even in a limited way. As of this
moment, I truly believe that we
will be here in some way, the
Dwyer will persevere. We are
very proud of what we have ac-
complished.” International Communications
Association executives have
pledged to keep the Dwyer going.
As part of the Dwyer’s restruc-
turing efforts, its building staff
was let go, and contracts with
consultants, contractors and ven-
dors were terminated at the end
of May. Mr. Rivers said he was ne-
gotiating with potential tenants,
was considering collaborations
with other arts groups and had
plans to expand the 3-member
board to 10, adding marketing and
finance expertise. If the restructuring doesn’t
succeed, the programs at the
Dwyer will be missed. “We’re
asking, how do we save the cen-
ter?” said Paola Bulloch, who
works with disabled adults and
often came to the Dwyer for the
jazz. “People would pay more
money, gladly.” Loretta Abbott, a dancer and
choreographer who gave swing-
dance lessons that recent Satur-
day, worried that if the Dwyer
closed, “a lot of our background
and history” would be lost too.
The center, she said, had pro-
grams that managed to be both
informative and fun and support-
ed artists too. The Dwyer is not the only Har-
lem cultural institution to strug-
gle in recent years. In April 2010
the Harlem School of the Arts
closed its doors for three weeks
because of financial problems,but
has since reopened with a new
executive director. The National
Black Theater, which spent years
facing financial disputes that en-
dangered its future, resolved its
problems in June. The Classical
Theater of Harlem had its first
full-scale production last August
after nearly two years, since its
founders departed after friction
with the board. Khalil Muhammad, the director
of the Schomburg Center for Re-
search in Black Culture, theorized
that Harlem residents with
money had an appetite for black
culture but went to Downtown
and Midtown Manhattan to feed
it. “The cultural landscape has not
shifted the way residential pat-
terns have,” Mr. Muhammad said
of the changing neighborhood.
“There is not the same propri-
etorship. It’s just very expensive
to run institutions in Harlem to
meet the demands of people pas-
sionate about African-American
Loretta Abbott, right, leading a swing-dance workshop at the Dwyer Cultural Center in Harlem. The center has had to cut back its programming because of financial difficulties.
From First Arts Page
It’s a Dire Dance for a Cultural Center Trying to Stay Open in Harlem A poor economy and
missteps threaten
another arts effort. C8
Television highlights for a full week, recent
reviews by The Times’s critics and complete
local television listings.
Definitions of symbols used in the program listings:
★Recommended film (N) New show or episode
✩Recommended series (CC) Closed-captioned ●
New or noteworthy program
(HD) High definition Ratings:
(Y)All children (PG) Parental guidance suggested
(Y7) Directed to older children (14) Parents strongly cautioned
(G) General audience (MA) Mature audience only
The TV ratings are assigned by the producers or network. Rat-
ings for theatrical films are provided by the Motion Picture As-
sociation of America. EVENI NG
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Entertainment Tonight (N) (CC) (HD) (PG)
N.Y.C. 22 “Turf War.” Searching for a pickpocket. (Season Finale) (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
48 Hours Mystery “Dark Side of Paradise.” An American living in Panama disappears. (CC) (14)
48 Hours Mystery “West Memphis 3: Free.” Three men are released from prison. (CC)
NEWS Dahler. (N) (CC) (HD)
Criminal Minds “Omnivore.” Notori-
ous New England serial killer. (CC) (HD) (14) (11:35)
LX.TV 1stLook Lifestyle trends. (CC) (G)
The Olympic Zone Profiles of Olympic athletes.
2012 London Olympics Track and field; diving; volleyball. (CC) (HD) NEWS David Ushery. (N) (CC) (HD)
Whacked Out Sports
> The Office “Dinner Party.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Cops “Wild & Crazy.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Cops “Off-
Campus Arrests.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Mobbed “I Love You and We’ve Never Met.” A man reveals his feel-
ings to his crush. (CC) (PG)
NEWS Christina Park. (N) (CC) Touch “1 Plus 1 Equals 3.” A rob-
bery triggers a sequence of events. (CC) (HD) (PG)
30 Seconds to Fame (CC) (PG)
Jeopardy! (CC) (HD) (G)
Wheel of For-
tune “Picture Per-
fect.” (CC) (HD)
The Game Plan (2007). Dwayne Johnson, Madison Pettis. Carefree football player learns he has a daughter. No surprises, but so likable it glides over the pot holes. (PG) (HD)
Castle “Undead Again.” A body with human bite marks is found. (CC) (HD) (PG)
NEWS Sandra Bookman, Joe Torres. (N) (CC) (HD)
Brothers & Sisters (CC) (HD) (14)
House “Sports Medicine.” Pitcher’s broken arm. (CC) (HD) (14)
The Closer “Strike Three.” A shoot-
out leaves three dead. (CC) (HD)
The Closer “Elysian Fields.” A sus-
pect is murdered. (CC) (HD) (14)
> Law & Order “White Rabbit.” Un-
derground activist found. (HD) (PG)
Giants Access Blue (CC)
> Everybody Loves Raymond
That ’70s Show (CC) (14)
Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD)
Two and a Half Men (CC) (HD)
Family Guy (CC) (14)
Family Guy (CC) (14)
> Friends (CC) (PG)
> Friends (CC) (14)
NEWS (N) (CC) (HD) It’s Always Sunny in Phila.
It’s Always Sunny in Phila.
Futurama (CC) (HD) (PG)
Frank Sinatra: Americas
> Great Performances “Jackie Evancho: Music of the Movies.” Jackie Evancho performs songs from film.
Doo Wop Love Songs (My Music) Romance and teenage love songs. (CC) (G)
Aretha Franklin Presents: Soul Rewind (My Music) Soul hits from the 1960s and ’70s. (CC) (G)
The Return of Sherlock Holmes Queen Victoria’s Empire “The Moral Crusade.” (CC) (Part 3 of 4) (PG) Infinity Hall Live (PG) Austin City Limits (CC) (HD) (PG) Globe Trekker
NEWS European Jrnl Travels to Edge Rudy Maxa Lidia’s Italy (G) Winemakers Secrets $9.99 Private Sessions “Duran Duran.” Video Music
Psych “Six Feet Under the Sea.” Psych (CC) (PG) Psych (CC) (PG) Psych A kicker’s foot is discovered.Psych “Truer Lies.” Pathological liar.Valkyrie (2008).
Fútbol Mexicano Primera División Sábado Gigante (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) Noticias 41 Noticiero Desmadrugados
Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (2008). (PG) (CC) (HD) The Bourne Identity (2002). Matt Damon, Franka Potente. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) Noticias Titulares Tele.Olímpicos
Food for the Poor Paid programming
Dr. Wayne Dyer: Wishes Fulfilled Introducing Nathan Pacheco (CC) (G) Trans-Siberian Orchestra-Birth Saturday Night Performances Doo Wop Love Songs (My Music)
Moyers & Company (CC) (G) This Old House This Old House Chef! (PG) Keeping Up Last of the Wine Miranda (CC) Doc Martin “Ever After.” (CC) (PG) Ballykissangel
Toni On The Insider (N) House “Sports Medicine.” (HD) (14) The Unit “Two Coins.” (CC) (HD) Judge Judy (PG) Judge Judy (PG) America’s Court America’s Court Toni On
Paid programming Blogumentary CGN World The King of Legend Paid programming Sinovision (In Chinese) (PG) Paid programming
Choques Ext.Fútbol Central Fútbol de la Liga Mexicana La Cruz (2011). (R) Sólo Boxeo
. Kindergarten Cop (1990). Penelope Ann Miller. (PG-13) (6:05)
White Chicks (2004). Shawn Wayans, Marlon Wayans. (PG-13) (CC) The Rock (1996). Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage. Breaking into Alcatraz to thwart threats of mass destruction. Slam-bang nonsense. (R) (CC)
. The Glass Shield (1994). Michael Boatman. (PG-13) (CC) (6)
Scary Movie 2 (2001). Sleep-deprived teenagers in haunted mansion. No shame, no mercy, no good. (CC)
Barbershop (2002). Ice Cube. A barbershop owner considers selling his establishment. (PG-13) (CC)
. The Original Kings of Comedy (2000). Black comedi-
ans, via Spike Lee. Hilarious concert film. (R) (CC) (11:15)
The Saint (1997). Val Kilmer, Elisa-
beth Shue. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (6)
. J. Edgar (2011). Leonardo DiCaprio, Naomi Watts. J. Edgar Hoover’s half-century with F.B.I. Sympathetic portrait. (R) (CC) (HD)
True Blood “Everybody Wants to Rule the World.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
Hard Knocks: Training Camp With the Miami Dolphins (HD)
In Time (2011). Justin Timberlake, Amanda Seyfried. To stay alive, people must buy time. Spends too much of it talking. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (7:05)
The Newsroom “5/1.” An anony-
mous source. (CC) (HD) (MA)
Treme “What Is New Orleans?” (CC) (HD) (MA)
Game of Thrones “Blackwater.” (CC) (HD) (MA)
Knight and Day (2010). (CC) (HD)
The Thing (2011). Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Joel Edgerton. Antarctic researchers find frozen alien. Redundant remake. (R) (CC) (HD) (7:15)
Strike Back The agents trail two suicide bombers. (CC) (HD) (MA)
. The Matrix (1999). Hacker as action messiah. Enough visual bravado to sustain steady suspense. Cult classic, virtually speaking. (R) (CC) (HD)
Strike Back (CC) (HD) (12:15)
The King’s Speech (2010). Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush. Eccentric speech therapist tackles king’s stammer. Diverting buddy story. (R) (CC) (HD)
Red (2010). Bruce Willis, Morgan Freeman. Retired spies take on former employer. Well-aged ham. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Weeds (CC) (HD) (MA)
Episodes (CC) (HD) (MA)
The Real L Word (HD) (MA)
Five Fingers (2006). Terrorists torture kidnapped pianist. (CC) (HD) (6:30)
Web Therapy “Sister Act.” (14)
Web Therapy (CC) (14)
Web Therapy “Adaptation.” (14)
Kevin Nealon: Whelmed but Not Overly (CC) (HD) (14)
Tom Green Live (MA) Big Brother After Dark (N)
Cars 2 (2011). Voices of Owen Wilson, Larry the Cable Guy. Animated. Mater the tow truck falls in with spies. Soulless sequel. (G) (CC) (7:10)
The Ides of March (2011). Ryan Gosling. Campaign worker loses his innocence. Noble fantasy. (R) (CC)
Just Go With It (2011). Assistant must pose as boss’s wife. “Cactus Flower” remake occasionally quite funny. (PG-13) (CC) (10:45)
Timeline (2003). Paul Walker, Frances O’Connor. (PG-13) (HD) DeadHeads (2011). Michael McKiddy, Ross Kidder. Talking zombies take a road trip. (R) (CC) (HD)
Alien Raiders (2008). Carlos Bernard. Scientists attack alien-infested supermarket. (R) (CC) (10:35)
DeadHeads (2011). (CC) (HD) (12:05)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (11:01)
Shipping Wars (CC) (HD) (11:31)
Storage Wars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
. Harry Potter-Goblet of Fire Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007). Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint. (PG-13) (HD) The Count of Monte Cristo (2002). (PG-13) (HD)
. The Shootist (1976). John Wayne, Lauren Bacall. (PG) (CC) (HD) (5:45)
Big Jake (1971). John Wayne, Richard Boone. A kidnapped grandson. Mild tongue-in-cheek western. Mild everything. (PG-13) (HD)
The Cowboys (1972). John Wayne, Roscoe Lee Browne. Cattle drive. Picturesque but no more effective than Duke’s toupee. (GP) (CC) (HD)
Tanked: Unfiltered (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked: Unfiltered (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked (N) (HD) (PG) Tanked: Unfiltered (CC) (HD) (PG) Tanked (HD) (PG) Tanked: Unfltrd
Star Trek: The Next Generation Star Trek: The Next Generation
The Women of Doctor Who (N) The Nerdist (N) (CC) (HD) (14) The Science of Doctor Who (HD) Doctor Who
The Game (CC) (14)
The Game (CC) (14)
All About the Benjamins (2002). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Freelance bounty hunter after lost lottery ticket. (R)
The Janky Promoters (2009). Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Concert promoters get in over their heads. (R) (CC)
The Longshots (2008). (CC) (HD)
Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (CC) (HD) Celebrity Ghost Stories (N) (HD) uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained uneXplained Ghost Stories
> Charlie Rose (N) (CC) (HD) Bloomberg Bloomberg Political Capital Sportfolio (HD)
> Charlie Rose (CC) (HD) Money Moves Bloomberg Political Capital
Million Dollar Listing: Los Angeles “Shark Out of Water.”
Million Dollar Listing: Los Angeles “Big Listings, Big Losses.”
The Fifth Element (1997). Bruce Willis. In 23rd century, taxi driver and nymphet must save world. Design triumphs over coherence. (PG-13)
The Fifth Element (1997). Bruce Willis. (PG-13) (11:32)
M.L.L. Lacrosse Boston Cannons vs. Ohio Machine. (HD) Inside the M.L.L.2012 P.G.A. Championship third round.
. Smokey and the Bandit II (1980). Burt Reynolds. (PG) (CC) (6:45) My Big Redneck Vacation (N) (HD) Redneck Island (N) (CC) (HD) (PG) My Big Redneck Vacation (HD) Redneck Island
. Monster House (2006). Voices of Steve Buscemi, Maggie Gyllenhaal. (PG) Home Movies King of the Hill King of the Hill Family Guy (14) Black Dynamite The Boondocks Bleach (N) (14)
Luxury Boom: Big Spenders
Gold How I Made My Millions
How I Made My Millions
The Suze Orman Show “Family Feud.” (CC)
Princess “Lauren.” (N)
Princess “Treva.” (N)
How I Made My Millions
How I Made My Millions
The Suze Orman Show (CC)
CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) CNN Presents (CC) (HD) (PG) Piers Morgan Tonight (HD) CNN Newsroom (N) (HD) CNN Presents (CC) (HD) (PG) Piers Morgan Tonight (HD)
Accepted (2006). Justin Long, Jonah Hill. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (5:53)
Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004). Vince Vaughn, Ben Stiller. (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (7:56)
Kevin Hart: Laugh at My Pain The comic discusses his life. (HD) (9:59)
Jeff Ross Roasts America Jeff Ross roasts across America. (N) (HD)
Katt Williams: Pimpin’ Pimpin’
Food(ography) Food(ography) Everyday Italian Easy Chinese Heat Seekers Heat Seekers Heat Seekers Heat Seekers Culinary Adv.Unique Sweets Everyday Italian
Communicators Road Wh. House Road Wh. House Road to the White House (N) (8:45) Road to the White House Events and news from the 2012 campaign.
Book TV “The Wilderness Within.” (N) Book TV “Wall Street on Trial.” (N) Book TV: After Words (N) Book TV “So Rich, So Poor.” (N) Book TV (N)
Study With Eldridge & Co.219 West Theater Talk (G)
. Rain (1932). Joan Crawford, Walter Huston.TimesTalks Arts & Leisure Real
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD)
A.N.T. Farm (CC) (HD) (G)
Jessie (CC) (HD) (G)
Shake It Up! (CC) (HD) (G)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
Austin & Ally (CC) (HD) (G)
My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD)
My Babysitter’s a Vampire (HD)
Good Luck Charlie (HD) (G)
10 Killer Bath 10 Killer Bath Holmes on Homes (CC) (HD) (G) Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Renov. Real.Rehab Addict Rehab Addict Renov. Real.
Mars Landing 2012: The New Search for Life (N) (CC) (HD) (PG)
MythBusters “Swinging Pirates.” (CC) (HD) (PG)
Mermaids: The Body Found A team claims to have found a mermaid. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Mermaids: The Body Found A team claims to have found a mermaid. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Keeping Up With the Kardashians The Wedding Planner (2000). Jennifer Lopez, Matthew McConaughey. (PG-13) (HD) I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry (2007). (PG-13) (HD)
. Babe (1995). James Cromwell. (G) (CC) Babe: Pig in the City (1998). (G) (CC) (8:35) Teen Wolf Too (1987). Jason Bateman. (PG) (CC) (10:15) Tornado! (11:50)
Little League Baseball Little League Baseball World Series West Regional, final, Teams TBA.Baseball Tonight (CC) (HD) SportsCenter (CC) (HD) SportsCenter
A.T.P. Tennis Year of the Quarterback (HD) 30 for 30 (HD) Baseball Ton.
King of Kong: Quarters Catching Hell (2011). Documentary. (CC) Catching Hell (2011). Documentary. (CC) Catching Hell
Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Diners, Drive Iron Chef America (HD) Diners, Drive
. 28 Weeks Later (2007). (CC) (5:30)
. The Strangers (2008). Three masked assailants ter-
rorize young couple. Spare and suspenseful. (R) (CC)
FXM Presents (CC) (9:11)
. 28 Weeks Later (2007). Robert Carlyle, Rose Byrne. Carrier of rage virus reinfects London. Bracingly smart and exhaustingly terrifying. (R) . The Strangers (2008). Liv Tyler, Scott Speedman. (R) (CC)
Fox Report (N) (HD) Huckabee (N) (HD) Justice With Judge Jeanine (N) (HD)
Geraldo at Large (CC) (HD) (PG) The Journal Edi-
torial Report
FOX News Watch (HD)
Justice With Judge Jeanine
SKY Sports News (HD) Soccer Manchester United vs. Barcelona.Fox Soccer Report U.E.F.A. Europa League Soccer
. Boyz N the Hood (1991). (HD) (5:30)
. Baby Boy (2001). Tyrese Gibson, Omar Gooding. (R) (HD) Tupac Shakur: Before I Wake (14) Tupac VS
Iron Man (2008). Robert Downey Jr., Terrence Howard. (PG-13) (HD) (5)
U.F.C. 150: Henderson vs. Edgar II - Prelims From the Pepsi Center in Denver. (HD)
Anger Manage-
ment (HD) (14)
Wilfred “Truth.” (HD) (MA)
Totally Biased- Kamau Bell
Louie “Ikea/Piano Lesson.” (HD)
Wilfred “Truth.” (HD) (MA)
. Batman (1989). Michael Keaton. (PG-13) (HD) (5:30) Batman Forever (1995). Val Kilmer, Tommy Lee Jones. (PG-13) (HD) Batman & Robin (1997). (PG-13) (HD) (11:15)
Live From the P.G.A. Championship (HD) Live From the P.G.A. Championship (HD) Live From the P.G.A. Championship (HD)
Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Family Feud Newlywed
Your Love Never Fails (2011). Elisa Donovan, Kirstin Dorn. (G) (CC) (HD)
The Music Teacher (2012, TVF). Annie Potts. (CC) (HD) The Music Teacher (2012, TVF). Annie Potts. (CC) (HD)
Home by Novo Dina’s Party (N) Shop This RoomShop This RoomGreat Rooms High Low Proj.House Hunters Hunters Int’l House Hunters Hunters Int’l Great Rooms
Pawn Stars “Pi-
rate’s Booty.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars “To the Moon.” (HD)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (PG)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:01)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (11:31)
Pawn Stars (CC) (HD) (12:01)
Evidence Evidence The Investigators “Deadly Lesson.” Evidence Body-Evidence The Investigators (14) Evidence Evidence Investigators
Nightmare Next Door “Death Down on the Farm.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Set Sail for Murder.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “The Bride Wore Blood.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Weeping Widow.” (N) (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After “Set Sail for Murder.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Happily Never After (CC) (HD)
. Letters From Iwo Jima (2006). Ken Watanabe. (R) (HD) (5)
Apocalypto (2006). Rudy Youngblood, Raoul Trujillo. Marauders attack a Mayan village. Director Mel Gibson shows limitless appetite for gore. (R) (HD)
The Beach (2000). Trying to create Nirvana. Poor man’s “Lord of the Flies,” with diversity. (R) (HD)
The Elizabeth Smart Story (2003, TVF). Dylan Baker. (CC) (HD) (6)
Taken Back: Finding Haley (2012). Moira Kelly, David Cubitt. Woman finds abducted daughter. (CC) (HD)
Taken in Broad Daylight (2009, TVF). James Van Der Beek, Sara Canning. Abducted teen spars with deranged kidnapper. (CC) (HD)
Taken Back: Finding Haley
Nora Roberts’ Montana Sky (2007, TVF). John Corbett. (CC) (HD) (6)
The Blue Lagoon (1980). Brooke Shields, Christopher Atkins. Innocents marooned on desert island. Gorgeous but sappy. (R) (CC) (HD)
Return to the Blue Lagoon (1991). Milla Jovovich. Two more young island strandees learning about sex. Even lamer than the first. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
The Blue Lagoon (1980). (HD)
7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Teen Mom “Taking It Up a Notch.” Amber goes on a date. (CC) (PG)
Hal Sparks: Charmageddon The comic performs. (CC) (MA)
Comedy Central Presents (CC)
Comedy Central Presents “Tig.”
Roseanne Barr: Blonde and Bitchin’ The comic per-
forms at the Comedy Store. (CC) (MA)
1 Girl 5 Gays (CC) (MA)
Ike: Countdown Fields of Armor Hamburger Hill (1987). Combat in Vietnam. Forceful drama but emotionally detached. (R) (CC) World War II Hamburger Hill (1987). Anthony Barrile. (R) (CC)
M.L.B. Tonight Live look-ins, updates, highlights. (4) M.L.B. Regional Coverage.M.L.B. Tonight
The Best of Boomer & Carton Shumpert Chandler Vault: Woodson Stoudemire Anthony Vault: Woodson Garden
Horsemanship Saratoga in 30
Hockey Night Live!: Summer Ice From Dec. 16, 2011. (HD) The Game 365 The Game 365 Hockey Night LIVE!: Summer Ice
Caught on Camera (HD) Lockup: San Quentin (HD) Lockup: Raw “The Convict Code.” Lockup: Raw “Survival 101.” Lockup: Corcoran (HD) Corcoran
Awkward. (HD) (14) (7:14) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Awkward. (HD) Dance Flick (2009). Shoshana Bush, Damon Wayans Jr.Dance Flick
Dakar Rally Highlights (HD) Bull Riding P.B.R. Express Classic. From Tulsa, Okla. (HD) M.L.S. 36 (HD) Bull Riding P.B.R. Express Classic. (HD)
Wicked Tuna “Mutiny at Sea.” (HD) Wicked Tuna “Grudge Match.” (HD) Wicked Tuna (HD) (14) Wicked Tuna (HD) (14) Wicked Tuna “Grudge Match.” (HD) Wicked Tuna
Fred 3: Camp Fred (HD) (6:30) Big Time Rush Big Time Rush Big Time Rush Big Time Rush Yes, Dear (HD) Yes, Dear (HD)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (PG)
> Friends (14)
Bubble Guppies Bubble Guppies Team Umizoomi Team Umizoomi Dora Explorer Dora Explorer Go, Diego, Go!Go, Diego, Go!Ni Hao, Kai-lan Ni Hao, Kai-lan Yo Gabba
NEWS On Stage NEWS NEWS NEWS NEWS New York Times Close Up NEWS Sports on 1 (11:35)
The Pirate Movie (1982). (HD) (6)
. Little Shop of Horrors (1986). Rick Moranis, Steve Martin. (PG-13) (HD) To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything, Julie Newmar (1995). (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Disappeared (CC) (HD) (PG) Disappeared “No Exit.” (CC) (HD) Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Sweetie Pie’s: An Extra Slice Disappeared “No Exit.” (CC) (HD) Sweetie Pie’s
. Friday (1995). Ice Cube, Chris Tucker. (R) (CC) (6:30) Hustle & Flow (2005). Terrence Howard, Anthony Anderson. (R) (CC)
. Friday (1995). Ice Cube, Chris Tucker. (R) (CC)
Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Dark Matters: Twisted but True Dark Matters: Twisted but True Oddities (HD) Oddities (HD) Twisted-True
Secret Life of the Rainforest (HD) The Real Story “True Grit.” (HD) Air Disasters (CC) (HD) Stealth: Flying Invisible (CC) (HD) The Real Story “True Grit.” (HD) Air Disasters
M.L.B. Atlanta Braves vs. New York Mets. (HD) Mets Postgame SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD) SportsNite (HD)
General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) General Hospital (CC) (HD) (PG) Brothers/Sisters
Rolex Sports Car Series Racing Watkins Glen. (HD) Speed Center World of Outlaws “Lernerville.” Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Continental Tire SPIKE
. Casino (1995). New York bookie and pal build Vegas casino empire. Dazzling, stylish Scorsese. (R) (HD) (6) The Wolfman (2010). Benicio Del Toro. Squire turns lycanthrope. Bloody and bloodless. (R)
Supernanny “Atkinson Family.” (PG) Supernanny “Demott Family.” (PG) I Think I Love My Wife (2007). Chris Rock, Kerry Washington. (R) (HD)
> Sex-City
> Sex-City
> Sex-City
. L.A. Confidential (1997). Kevin Spacey, Russell Crowe. (R) (5:40)
. Blue Velvet (1986). Kyle MacLachlan, Isabella Rossellini. Small-town mysteries, via Lynch. Eerie, even distasteful, but very original. (R) (CC) (HD)
Sex Is Comedy (2002). Anne Parillaud, Gregoire Colin. (R) (CC) (10:15) À L’Aventure (2008). (11:50)
Mothman (2010, TVF). Jewel Staite. West Virginia monster returns. (HD) Boogeyman (2012, TVF). Eddie McClintock, Emma Samms. Creature targets widowed sheriff’s son. (CC) (HD)
Scream of the Banshee (2011, TVF). Lauren Holly. Banshee terrorizes college students. (R) (HD)
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> Seinfeld (CC) (HD) (PG)
> The Big Bang Theory
> The Big Bang Theory (14)
Men in Black II (2002). Tommy Lee Jones, Will Smith. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Scary Movie 3 (2003). Rumors about U.F.O.’s and homicidal videotape. Satisfying for anyone who hated “Signs.” (PG-13) (CC) (HD) (10:45)
. Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959). James Mason. (G) (5:30)
. Lolita (1962). Sue Lyon, James Mason. Humbert Humbert and the nymphet he loves. Not really Nabokov’s book but surprisingly nimble. (CC)
. The Desert Fox (1951). James Mason. German General Rommel. A bit fanciful but extremely well done, consistently holding. (CC) (10:45)
Hoarding: Buried Alive (CC) (HD) Hoarding: Buried Alive (CC) (HD) Hoarding: Buried Alive (CC) (HD) Hoarding: Buried Alive (CC) (HD) Hoarding: Buried Alive (CC) (HD) Hoard-Buried
Law Abiding Citizen (2009). Jamie Foxx. (R) (CC) (HD) (6)
. A Time to Kill (1996). Matthew McConaughey, Sandra Bullock. Grisham’s young lawyer with polarizing murder case. Sweeping Southern drama. (R) (CC) (HD)
. The Client (1994). Grisham lawyers, mobsters, endan-
gered boy. Three fine performances. (PG-13) (CC) (HD)
Fast Foods Gone Global (HD) (G) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adventures (CC) (HD) (PG) Ghost Adv.
Top 20 Most Shocking (14) Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Lizard Lick Forensic Files Forensic Files Lizard Lick
Andy Griffith Andy Griffith Andy Griffith Andy Griffith
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond
> Raymond King of Queens King of Queens
> Law & Order: SVU “Crush.” Teen-
ager is brutally beaten. (HD) (14)
> Law & Order: SVU “Coerced.” Boy is abducted. (CC) (HD) (14)
> Law & Order: SVU “Privilege.” (CC) (HD) (14)
> Law & Order: SVU “Debt.” (CC) (HD) (14)
Suits “Rewind.” Mike and Harvey reflect. (CC) (HD) (PG)
Fast & Furious (2009). (CC) (HD)
Hollywood Exes (HD) (14) Hollywood Exes (HD) (14) Hollywood Exes (HD) (14) Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta (HD) (14) Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta (HD) (14) Mama Drama
Braxton Family Values “The Fam-
ily Unites.” (PG)
Braxton Family Values “Family Feuding.” (14)
Braxton Family Values “N.Y.C. or Bust.” (PG)
Braxton Family Values “Like Hus-
band, Like Wife.” (PG)
Braxton Family Values “Sisters at War.” (14)
Braxton Family Values (PG)
M.L.B. New York Yankees vs. Toronto Blue Jays. (CC) (HD) CenterStage (HD) HOPE Rem.SportsMoney Yankeeography
8 P.M. (HBO) J. EDGAR (2011) Leonardo
DiCaprio, above,stars as J. Edgar Hoover, the
first director of the F.B.I., in this biopic cum
romance directed by Clint Eastwood. Naomi
Watts plays Helen Gandy,Hoover’s lifelong
secretary; Armie Hammer is Clyde Tolson,his
deputy and constant companion. “Even with all
the surprises that have characterized Clint
Eastwood’s twilight film years, with their
crepuscular tales of good and evil, the
tenderness of the love story in ‘J. Edgar’ comes
as a shock,” Manohla Dargis wrote in The New
York Times.“Anchored by a forceful, vulnerable
Leonardo DiCaprio, who lays bare J. Edgar
Hoover’s humanity, despite the odds and an
impasto of old-coot movie makeup, this latest
jolt from Mr. Eastwood is a look back at a man
divided and of the ties that bind private bodies
with public politics and policies. With sympathy
— for the individual, not his deeds — it portrays
a 20th-century titan who, with secrets and
bullets, a will to power and the self-promotional
skills of a true star, built a citadel of information
in which he burrowed deep.”
10 A.M. (NBC Sports) 2012 LONDON
OLYMPICS The gold medal will be awarded in
men’s soccer. The individual final in rhythmic
gymnastics will be held at 1 p.m. on NBC. The
bronze medal match in women’s handball takes
place at 2,and the gold medal match at 3:30,
both on NBC Sports. The gold medal in women’s
basketball will be decided at 4 on NBC. And
prime-time coverage, at 8 on NBC, includes
track and field finals in the men’s 4x100 and
women’s 4x400 relays; semifinals in men’s
platform diving; and the women’s volleyball
Cortney and Robert Novogratz renovate the
Manhattan dwelling of the television producer
David Perler,who wants the designers to give
his Gramercy Park garden apartment a vintage
industrial vibe.
8 P.M. (MSG Plus) SUMMER ICE This
monthlong series rehashes the best games of
the New Jersey Devils’ 2011-12 season, starting
with their 6-3 victory over the Dallas Stars on
Dec. 16.
Barrymore and Robert Osborne tell why some
movies are mandatory viewing. Their pick here:
the 1962 “Lolita,” Stanley Kubrick’s adaptation
of the novel by Vladimir Nabokov, with
screenplay by the author, about an aging
intellectual (James Mason) in love with a
teenager (Sue Lyon, above with Mason). Why
it’s essential: Because of the novel’s depiction of
pedophilia, “Lolita” was considered unfilmable
until Kubrick and Nabokov came up with a
screenplay that could pass the Production Code
Administration and the Legion of Decency,
opening the door to other cinematic treatments
of sexual perversion. 8 P.M. (Lifetime) TAKEN BACK: FINDING
HALEY(2012) A woman (Moira Kelly) becomes
convinced that she has found the young
daughter who was abducted from her years
earlier,and then she kidnaps her. But has she
simply lost her mind?
8 P.M. (ABC) THE GAME PLAN(2007) Dwayne
Johnson, a k a the Rock, plays Joe Kingman,a
carefree quarterback who learns to love the
young daughter, Peyton (Madison Pettis),he
never knew he had. Roselyn Sanchez is the
ballet teacher who instructs Joe in the dance of
romance. “The movie is so likable that it glides
over its many plot holes,” Matt Zoller Seitz
wrote in The Times.
(2012) Annie Potts portrays Alyson Daley,a high
school music teacher who learns that the
after-school program she began 16 years earlier,
following the deaths of her husband and son,is
about to end because of budget cuts. Hearing
the news, her first class of students, now adults,
decides to put on a musical to raise money to
keep the program alive. Richard Thomas plays
the man who just may persuade Alyson to
reopen her heart.
9 P.M. (BBC America) THE WOMEN OF
DOCTOR WHOBehind every great time lord
there’s a great woman — or a few. This special
pays tribute to the good doctor’s
universe-defending female colleagues. KATHRYNSHATTUCK
2 0 1 2
Follow the Games at our main
Olympics hub at
LONDON —As Carmelita Jeter sprinted across
the finish line in the women’s 4x100-meter relay Fri-
day night, she turned to her left and pointed a finger
at the electronic clock beside the track as if to say,
“Look at what we just did.” A
beat later, the board flashed
Jeter’s news in bold type: NEW
Jeter’s final leg capped a blistering race for the
United States team,which won its first gold medal in
the event in 16 years and did it in emphatic fashion.
The winning time of 40.82 seconds shattered the
world record of 41.37, which was set in 1985 by East
Germany,whose athletes were later found to be part
of a state-run doping system. The dominance of the United States women’s
team also highlighted one of the cleaner nights for
the American relay team in recent memory and
capped a stunning workweek for American track
athletes over all. In addition to the women’s 4x100 victory, the in-
jury-plagued men’s 4x400-meter relay team won a
silver medal Friday, giving the United States 19 track
medals since Monday. The women’s sprinters pro-
vided the 10th gold. “In my heart I said, ‘We just did it,’” Jeter re-
called of crossing the finish line. “We wanted to get
that medal home because it hasn’t been home in a
Although the United States is traditionally
strong in the sprints, the women’s 4x100 had been a
relative blight —the Americans’ last gold coming at
the Atlanta Games in 1996. A series of dropped
batons and missed exchanges had made for a stretch
of disappointment — one that seemed to be conta-
gious as the men’s sprint relay teams had their share
Clean Passes and a Sparkling Finish
Continued on Page D7
From left, Allyson Felix, Carmelita Jeter, Bianca
Knight and Tianna Madison after their world
record in the women’s 4x100-meter relay ended
an American dry spell in the event.
Tiger Woods was in a three-way for
first after a 71 on a blustery day at the
P.G.A. Championship. Page D8. BATTLING WIND GUSTS,
Tim Tebow directed the Jets to their
first scoring drive, a field goal,in a 17-6
loss to the Bengals. Page D10.
LONDON — Today we consider the unfamiliar
On Saturday afternoon, midway through the un-
usual and grueling Olympic ordeal that is the mod-
ern pentathlon, after the competitors have dueled
with épées and swum 200 me-
ters, they will arrive in leafy
Greenwich Park to be con-
fronted with the most irk-
some and potentially disastrous element of their
day: riding a horse they have only just met.
All they have to go on is riding experience, cur-
sory scouting reports from their coaches and an offi-
cial handout with equine-temperament descriptions
so vague that it is not entirely clear whether the ath-
letes are supposed to ride the horses or date them.
“Careful, very willing,” such descriptions read. “Forward going, sensible, experienced.” “Sensitive.” “Easy.”
The riders then have a critical 20 minutes to get
to know their horses: to learn if they are bossy or
open-minded, and whether they like a kick now and
again or want to be left to their own devices. There
will be a little sweet-talking, a few jumps and, said
Donna Vakalis, a Canadian pentathlete, perhaps a
few surreptitious breaths into the horse’s nostrils as
a gesture of understanding. Then athlete and horse
will head off together on the hope that the date does
not end in disaster.
“Your goal is to ride effectively,” Vakalis said.
“And just like in speed dating — I’ve never gone on a
speed date,but what I imagine you need to do is the
same thing you need to do in your 20-minute warm-
up:to really quickly figure out what the horse’s per-
All Business on the First Date
Aya Medany of Egypt at a training session on Wednesday.In 1912, pentathletes were allowed to use
horses that they were acquainted with; since 1920, they’ve been stuck with unfamiliar horses.
The luck of the draw matters for
athletes in modern pentathlon,
who ride horses they’ve just met.
Continued on Page D3
LONDON — There are people who
believe greatness and goodness are like
synchronized divers or horse and
equestrian rider — in perfect harmony.
Among those spreading this misconcep-
tion is the four-time Olympic track
champion Michael Johnson, who had
this to say about the Olympic heptath-
lon champion, Jessica Ennis of Britain,
in an interview with The Daily Mail:
“The mental preparation and the ability
to focus makes her a great person.”
The mental preparation and the abili-
ty to focus make Ennis a great athlete.
Based strictly on results, that is all that
can be divined about any gold medalist.
As the London Games have demon-
strated, medal standing is not necessar-
ily a barometer of moral character.
From the pool to the pitch and in many
arenas between, Olympic champions
are finding many shades of gray on the
way to the podium.
“It’s been a really interesting Olym-
pics in that regard,” said Shawn Klein,
an assistant professor of philosophy at
Rockford College in Illinois.
Klein, who writes the blog The Sports
Ethicist, added: “It is a kind of naïvete
to think all medal winners are moral
saints. We might have grown up think-
ing the athletes we were watching were
all upstanding and abiding by the rules
in every way. There’s so many eyeballs
on the athletes now, we see things we
didn’t see a long time ago.”
It is also possible, he allowed, “that in
some way, sport is probably cleaner to-
day because there are so many more
people watching.”
Of Gray On Way To Podium
Continued on Page D4
The’s basketball team beat
Argentina and faces Spain in a re-
match of the Beijing final.Page D5.
Gold Medal Rematch
Usain Bolt, who conquered track, is
looking for his next move. Perhaps
on the soccer field. Page D6. What’s Next for Bolt? CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES Morgan Uceny of the United States fell during the final of the women’s 1,500 meters, which was won by Asli Cakir Alptekin of Turkey. Page D7. Down on the Track
Medal Results
Schedule and Results
(Times are Eastern)
Gold Renaud Lavillenie, France, (5.97), 19-7.
Silver Bjorn Otto, Germany, (5.91), 19-4 3-4.
Bronze Raphael Holzdeppe, Germany, (5.91), 19-4 3-4.
4. Dmitry Starodubtsev, Russia, (5.75), 18-10 1-4; 5. Steven Lewis, Britain, (5.75), 18-10 1-4; 5. Evgeniy Lukyanenko, Russia, (5.75), 18-10 1-4; 7. Konstadinos Filippidis, Greece, (5.65), 18-6 1-2; 8. Jan Kudlicka, Czech Republic, (5.65), 18-6 1-2.
Gold Bahamas (Chris Brown; Demetrius Pinder; Michael Mathieu; Ramon Miller), 2:56.72.
Silver United States (Bryshon Nellum, Los Angeles; Joshua Mance, Chino, Calif.; Tony McQuay, West Palm Beach, Fla.; Angelo Taylor, Decatur, Ga.), 2:57.05.
Bronze Trinidad & Tobago (Lalonde Gordon; Jarrin Solomon; Ade Alleyne-Forte; Deon Lendore), 2:59.40.
4. Britain, 2:59.53; 5. Russia, 3:00.09.
6. Belgium, 3:01.83; 7. Venezuela, 3:02.18; 8. South Africa, 3:03.46.
Gold Asli Cakir Alptekin, Turkey, 4:10.23.
Silver Gamze Bulut, Turkey, 4:10.40.
Bronze Maryam Yusuf Jamal, Bahrain, 4:10.74.
4. Tatyana Tomashova, Russia, 4:10.90; 5. Abeba Aregawi, Ethiopia, 4:11.03; 6. Shannon Rowbury, San Francisco, 4:11.26; 7. Natallia Kareiva, Belarus, 4:11.58; 8. Lucia Klocova, Slovakia, 4:12.64.
Gold Meseret Defar, Ethiopia, 15:04.25.
Silver Vivian Jepkemoi Cheruiyot, Kenya, 15:04.73.
Bronze Tirunesh Dibaba, Ethiopia, 15:05.15.
4. Sally Jepkosgei Kipyego, Kenya, 15:05.79; 5. Gelete Burka, Ethiopia, 15:10.66; 6. Viola Jelagat Kibiwot, Kenya, 15:11.59; 7. Joanne Pavey, Britain, 15:12.72; 8. Julia Bleasdale, Britain, 15:14.55.
Gold United States (Tianna Madison, Elyria, Ohio; Allyson Felix, Los Angeles; Bianca Knight, Ridgeland, Miss.; Carmelita Jeter, Gardena, Calif.), 40.82.
Silver Jamaica (Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce; Sherone Simpson; Veronica Campbell-
Brown; Kerron Stewart), 41.41.
Bronze Ukraine (Olesya Povh; Hrystyna Stuy; Mariya Ryemyen; Elyzaveta Bryzgina), 42.04.
4. Nigeria, 42.64; 5. Germany, 42.67; 6. Netherlands, 42.70; 7. Brazil, 42.91.
Gold Tatyana Lysenko, Russia, (78.18), 256-6.
Silver Anita Wlodarczyk, Poland, (77.60), 254-7.
Bronze Betty Heidler, Germany, (77.13), 253-0.
4. Zhang Wenxiu, China, (76.34), 250-5; 5. Kathrin Klaas, Germany, (76.05), 249-6; 6. Yipsi Moreno, Cuba, (74.60), 244-9; 7. Aksana Miankova, Belarus, (74.40), 244-
1; 8. Zalina Marghieva, Moldova, (74.06), 242-11. FIELD HOCKEY
Gold Netherlands 2, Argentina 0 Bronze Britain 3, New Zealand 1
Gold Jordan Ernest Burroughs, Sicklerville,
N.J., def. Sadegh Saeed Goudarzi, Iran,
1-0, 1-0, Points.
Bronze Soslan Tigiev, Uzbekistan, def.
Gabor Hatos, Hungary, 1-0, 1-0, Points;
Denis Tsargush, Russia, def. Matthew
Judah Gentry, Canada, 1-0, 2-0, Points.
Gold Dzhamal Otarsultanov, Russia, def.
Vladimer Khinchegashvili, Georgia, 1-0, 4-3,
Points. Bronze Kyong Il Yang, North Korea,
def. Daulet Niyazbekov, Kazakhstan, 2-2,
6-0, Points; Shinichi Yumoto, Japan, def.
Radoslav Marinov Velikov, Bulgaria, 1-1,
1-1, Points.
Gold Maris Strombergs, Latvia, 37.576.
Silver Sam Willoughby, Australia, 37.929.
Bronze Carlos Mario Oquendo Zabala,
Colombia, 38.251.
4. Raymon van der Biezen, Netherlands,
38.492; 5. Twan van Gendt, Netherlands,
44.744; 6. Andres Eduardo Jimenez
Caicedo, Colombia, 53.377; 7. Connor
Fields, Las Vegas, 1:03.033; 8. Liam
Phillips, Britain, 2:11.918.
Gold Mariana Pajon, Colombia, 37.706.
Silver Sarah Walker, New Zealand, 38.133.
Bronze Laura Smulders, Netherlands,
4. Laetitia le Corguille, France, 38.476; 5.
Caroline Buchanan, Australia, 38.903; 6.
Shanaze Reade, Britain, 39.247; 7. Magalie
Pottier, France, 39.395; 8. Brooke Crain,
Visalia, Calif., 40.286. SWIMMING
Gold Oussama Mellouli, Tunisia, 1:49:55.1.
Silver Thomas Lurz, Germany, 1:49:58.5.
Bronze Richard Weinberger, Canada,
4. Spyridon Gianniotis, Greece, 1:50:05.3;
5. Daniel Fogg, Britain, 1:50:37.3; 6. Sergey
Bolshakov, Russia, 1:50:40; 7. Vladimir
Dyatchin, Russia, 1:50:42.8; 8. Andreas
Waschburger, Germany, 1:50:44.4.
SAILING MEN'S 470 Gold Australia (Mathew Belcher; Malcolm
Page) (3, 9, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 5, 1, 1, 4), 22. Silver Britain (Stuart Bithell; Luke Patience)
(2, 1, 4, 2, 3, 4, 1, 6, 3, 2, 8), 30. Bronze Argentina (Lucas Calabrese; Juan
de la Fuente) (5, 24, 3, 9, 17, 8, 2, 2, 5,
6, 6), 63. 4. Italy (6, 26, 1, 8, 6, 13, 8, 4, 11, 3, 12),
72; 5. New Zealand (28, 3, 5, 4, 16, 3, 7, 9,
13, 12, 14), 86; 6. Croatia (28, 13, 9, 10, 8,
5, 15, 1, 2, 22, 2), 87; 7. France (9, 10, 11,
6, 10, 2, 19, 11, 4, 11, 16), 90; 8. Portugal
(12, 2, 16, 5, 11, 7, 17, 3, 10, 28, 10), 93. WOMEN'S 470 Gold New Zealand (Jo Aleh; Olivia Powrie)
(2, 6, 2, 5, 10, 4, 1, 1, 2, 18, 2), 35. Silver Britain (Saskia Clark; Hannah Mills)
(6, 1, 4, 6, 1, 6, 5, 2, 8, 2, 18), 51. Bronze Netherlands (Lobke Berkhout; Lisa
Westerhof) (1, 8, 6, 4, 2, 18, 4, 3, 20, 6,
12), 64. 4. France (10, 17, 1, 8, 12, 3, 7, 6, 3, 5, 10),
65; 5. Italy (8, 10, 18, 2, 3, 1, 16, 16, 6, 7,
4), 73; 6. Brazi (11, 5, 14, 1, 6, 10, 10, 9, 5,
4, 14), 75; 7. Australia (14, 7, 3, 21, 9, 7, 9,
13, 4, 1, 16), 83; 8. Germany (19, 2, 7, 13,
15, 5, 6, 5, 14, 11, 6), 84. TAEKWONDO
Gold Sebastian Eduardo Crismanich, Argentina, def. Nicolas Garcia Hemme, Spain, 1-0.
Bronze Lutalo Muhammad, Britain, def. Arman Yeremyan, Armenia, 9-3; Mauro Sarmiento, Italy, def. Nesar Ahmad Bahawi, Afghanistan, 4-0.
Gold Hwang Kyung Seon, South Korea, def. Nur Tatar, Turkey, 12-5. Bronze Paige McPherson, Abilene, Texas, def. Franka Anic, Slovenia, 8-3; Helena Fromm, Germany, def. Carmen Marton, Australia, 8-2.
South Korea 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Japan 0
Mexico vs. Brazil, 2 p.m. MEN'S BASKETBALL
United States 109 . . . . . . . .Argentina 83
Spain 67 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Russia 59
Russia vs. Argentina, 6 a.m.
Spain vs. United States, 10 a.m. MEN'S VOLLEYBALL
Russia 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulgaria 1 Brazil 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Italy 0 Sunday
Italy vs. Bulgaria, 4:30 a.m.
Brazil vs. Russia, 8 a.m. MEN'S WATER POLO
Spain 8. . . . . . . . . . . . .United States 7
Hungary 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Australia 9
Croatia 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . .Montenegro 5
Italy 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Serbia 7
United States vs. Australia, 5:20 a.m.
Montenegro vs. Serbia, 9:30 a.m.
Croatia vs. Italy, 10:50 a.m. WOMEN'S BASKETBALL
Australia vs. Russia, Noon
United States vs. France, 4 p.m. By KAREN CROUSE
LONDON — The afternoon before
the men’s Olympic 10-kilometer open
water event, Oussama Mellouli of Tu-
nisia was undecided about being in it.
He had a medal from the London
Games, the bronze
he won last Satur-
day in the 1,500-me-
ter freestyle, the
longest pool event. In the days after
that race, Mellouli developed flulike
On Tuesday, he plowed through a
workout on the Serpentine Lake
course and felt awful. His coach,
Dave Salo, who directs the men’s and
women’s swim programs at the Uni-
versity of Southern California, where
Mellouli starred in college, talked to
him by phone and encouraged him to
start the race and see how he felt af-
ter two laps of the six-lap course.
Mellouli, 28, took his advice and
was rewarded. Competing in only his
third 10K event, Mellouli won to be-
come the first swimmer, male or fe-
male, to win a medal in the pool and
in the open water in the same Games.
He finished in 1 hour 49 minutes 55.1
seconds, 3.4 seconds ahead of Thom-
as Lurz of Germany. Lurz won the
bronze in 2008 when the event made
its Olympic debut. Richard Weinberg-
er finished third to give Canada its
first Olympic medal in the event.
The lone American, Alex Meyer,
finished 53.1 seconds behind Mellouli,
in 10th. He was swimming the event
in memory of his friend Fran Crippen,
a 2012 Olympic hopeful who died dur-
ing an open-water race in the Middle
East in fall 2010.
At the 2008 Olympics, Mellouli won
the 1,500-meter freestyle, finished
fifth in the 400 freestyle and raced in
the heats of the 200 freestyle. The
mile and 10,000-meter double was in-
finitely more difficult, he said, which
would explain his reaction after he
dragged himself out of the water. The
normally mellow Mellouli thumped
his chest and raised his arms as if sig-
naling for a touchdown.
“This is probably one of the tough-
est things to do,” he said. “I’m a pret-
ty solid guy and I never react,but you
saw that reaction. That says it all.”
The men’s soccer tournament rarely
garners significant attention at the
Olympics, and in many ways this is
by design. Unlike the women’s tour-
nament, which is contested by teams
using their best players, the men’s
tournament has an age restriction:
players must be under 23, with three
exceptions allowed per team. This re-
striction, the thinking goes, was de-
signed by FIFA to keep the Olympic
tournament from being competition
for the globally popular World Cup.
Saturday’s gold medal game be-
tween Brazil and Mexico has a signif-
icantly different feel.For Brazil, the
pressure is immense. Its roster here
is expected to be similar to the one
used at the 2014 World Cup, which
Brazil will host.
This is no warm-up act for Brazil ei-
ther; the Brazilians have made no se-
cret of their commitment to secure a
gold medal, the only major interna-
tional trophy the country has yet to
win.“We know so many other great
Brazilians like Ronaldo have tried
and failed to win gold,” said Neymar,
the team’s most dynamic player. “To-
day, we are representing them all. We
are going to have a chance to give
happiness to all past players and the
fans if we win gold.”
A victory over Brazil would give
Mexico its first major international ti-
tle. Unfortunately for Mexico, Giova-
ni Dos Santos, who leads the team
with three goals, has been ruled out of
the final because of a leg injury. SAM BORDEN
dan Burroughs gave the United
States its first wrestling gold medal of
the London Games, winning the
men’s 74-kilogram freestyle final
against Sadegh Saeed Goudarzi of
Iran, 1-0, 1-0. Burroughs, who grew up
in New Jersey, has won 38 straight
freestyle matches since leaving the
University of Nebraska. (AP)
Not only
was there no taekwondo gold for the
Lopez clan in London, there was no
medal at all. And what were first
thought to be minor injuries were
much more significant — a broken
right fibula for Steven Lopez, a deep
meniscus tear for Diana Lopez. Ste-
ven fell in his opening bout in the
men’s under-80-kilogram division Fri-
day, ending his hopes of a third Olym-
pic title.For the first time since taek-
wondo became a full medal sport in
2000, the Lopez family is going home
empty-handed. (AP)
days before the eight-year deadline,
the International Olympic Committee
formally stripped the American cy-
clist Tyler Hamilton of his 2004 gold
medal and awarded it to Viatcheslav
Ekimov of Russia, making him a
three-time Olympic champion.
After years of denials, Hamilton
told CBS’s “60 Minutes” last year that
he had repeatedly used performance-
enhancing drugs. Bobby Julich of the
United States will be moved up from
bronze to silver, and Michael Rogers
of Australia from fourth to bronze. (AP)
The Russians defended their Olympic title in the women’s synchronized swimming competition, winning the team event with a score of 197.030.
Sick to His Stomach, but Satisfied
Synchronized, and a Little Scary
Here are some of the events, teams and athletes to watch Saturday at the
London Games. (All times Eastern.)
Day 16: What to Watch For
In 2009, Caster Se-
menya of South Africa won the gold
medal in the women’s 800 meters at
the world championships and was
subjected to sex-determination test-
ing. Cleared to compete as a woman
a year later, Semenya is among the
favorites in the Olympics, where she
had the fastest qualifying time for
the final. Mo Farah of Britain, who
thrilled the home crowd by winning
the 10,000 meters, tries to do it again
in the 5,000. And the Jamaican and
American sprinters will have one fi-
nal showdown,in the men’s 4x100 re-
lay., 2 p.m.; NBC, 8
p.m. (taped)
Tom Daley, Britain’s diving
star, is back at the Aquatics Centre
after finishing a disappointing fourth
in the synchronized 10-meter plat-
form event. Daley struggled in quali-
fying but advanced,and scores do
not carry, 3:30
p.m., NBC, 8 p.m. (taped)
Four years ago in Bei-
jing, Hugh McCutcheon’s father-in-
law was killed before the opening
ceremony. McCutcheon went on to
coach the American men’s volleyball
team to a gold medal. Now he hopes
to do the same for the United States
women’s team, which has never won
an Olympic gold. Logan Tom, left,
and the Americans face Brazil, which
beat them in the 2008 gold medal
match. But since then, the United
States has taken Brazil’s No. 1 rank-
ing and also beat the Brazilians in
group play earlier in the tournament., 1:30 p.m.; NBC, 8
p.m. (taped)
BASKETBALL The United States
women’s basketball team is also
playing for a gold medal, but there is
nothing rare about that. The Ameri-
cans are seeking their fifth consecu-
tive Olympic title and sixth over all.
Their opponent, France, has never
won a medal in women’s basketball.
NBC, 4 p.m.
the U.S. women
are in the
volleyball final. Through 255 of 302 events
United States 41 26 27 94
China 37 25 19 81
Russia 15 21 27 63
Britain 25 15 17 57
Germany 10 18 14 42
Japan 5 14 16 35
Australia 7 14 10 31
France 9 9 12 30
South Korea 13 7 7 27
Italy 7 6 8 21
Netherlands 6 5 8 19
Canada 1 5 11 17
Hungary 8 4 3 15
Ukraine 3 1 9 13
Spain 2 8 3 13
New Zealand 4 3 5 12
Brazil 2 2 8 12
Iran 4 5 1 10
Jamaica 3 4 3 10
Belarus 3 3 4 10
Cuba 3 3 4 10
Poland 2 2 6 10
Kazakhstan 6 0 3 9
Romania 2 5 2 9
Denmark 2 4 3 9
Czech Republic 2 3 3 8
Kenya 2 3 3 8
Colombia 1 3 4 8
Sweden 1 3 3 7
North Korea 4 0 2 6
Ethiopia 3 0 3 6
Azerbaijan 0 2 4 6
South Africa 3 1 1 5
Turkey 2 2 1 5
Mexico 0 3 2 5
Croatia 2 1 1 4
Georgia 1 2 1 4
Argentina 1 1 2 4
Slovenia 1 1 2 4
Ireland 1 0 3 4
India 0 1 3 4
Mongolia 0 1 3 4
Slovakia 0 1 3 4
Switzerland 2 1 0 3
Norway 1 1 1 3
Tunisia 1 1 1 3
Lithuania 1 0 2 3
Armenia 0 1 2 3
Belgium 0 1 2 3
Uzbekistan 0 0 3 3
Dominican Rep. 1 1 0 2
Latvia 1 0 1 2
Egypt 0 2 0 2
Bulgaria 0 1 1 2
Estonia 0 1 1 2
Indonesia 0 1 1 2
Malaysia 0 1 1 2
Serbia 0 1 1 2
Taiwan 0 1 1 2
Thailand 0 1 1 2
Greece 0 0 2 2
Moldova 0 0 2 2
Qatar 0 0 2 2
Singapore 0 0 2 2
Trin. & Tobago 0 0 2 2
Algeria 1 0 0 1
Bahamas 1 0 0 1
Grenada 1 0 0 1
Venezuela 1 0 0 1
Botswana 0 1 0 1
Cyprus 0 1 0 1
Finland 0 1 0 1
Guatemala 0 1 0 1
Portugal 0 1 0 1
Afghanistan 0 0 1 1
Bahrain 0 0 1 1
Hong Kong 0 0 1 1
Kuwait 0 0 1 1
Morocco 0 0 1 1
Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1
Saudi Arabia 0 0 1 1
Tajikistan 0 0 1 1
The Medal Table
2 0 1 2
“First workout in retirement ... Painful but
good way to end the day after 3 hours of
beach volleyball!!!” — Michael Phelps.
Twitter Voices
2 0 1 2
“New purse check list - wallet, phone, lip
gloss, medal - check!!!” —April Ross of
the United States, a silver medalist in
beach volleyball.
Twitter Voices
LONDON — Confusion reigned at the
Olympic taekwondo competition this
week. Sara Basharmal, a spectator, was
confused because she did not under-
stand why the ref-
eree kept separat-
ing the competi-
tors, barking what
might have been instructions at them,
and then letting them fight some more. “I think it’s because he is saying, ‘We
think it’s a mistake,’ and they must have
got a point, or they didn’t get a point,”
she said. Andrew Whenman, on the other
hand, was confused by the fact that, as
he said, “there were letters going up
and down the scoreboard, and I don’t
know why.” He tried to elaborate:
“Some of them were T’s, but there were
also other letters.” If there is a sport designed to inflict
maximum bafflement on the average
Olympics crowd, it is taekwondo, an an-
cient Korean martial art whose name
means, loosely, “the way of the foot and
fist.” The other day it might well have
meant,“Sport in which many of these
spectators do not know what is happen-
ing.” “No — really, I don’t know anything,”
said Muriel Varella, when asked to dis-
cuss the match unfolding before her,
which pitted a Brazilian against an Ira-
nian. After the fighting ended in a tie,
the victor was declared by a three-judge
panel,based on the panel’s analysis of
the two players’ fighting moves during
the match. Varella consulted her husband. “Did you see what happened?” she
asked. “The referee said that the guy
from Iran won. He said, ‘If it is a tie, we
won’t have a fourth round, so the jury
will decide.’” Taekwondo is a highly ritualized, ex-
traordinarily grueling sport in which,
very basically, players wearing helmets
and chest armor score points by kicking
each other on the midsection and occa-
sionally the head.(Sometimes, but not
always, they are allowed to punch each
other.) As with most sports, it has its
own language, conventions and idio-
syncrasies. But while most sports are
fairly easy to work out, at least in a rudi-
mentary way, that is not the case here. Start with the scoreboard, in which
each opponent is listed as either Chung
— blue — or Hong — red. “Why?” said Margaret Green, who
was there with her granddaughter,
watching Marlene Harnois of France
lose to Hou Yuzhuo of China. “It’s be-
cause that’s their names. They’ve got
three names. Hong is the Chinese lady,
and the French lady is named Marlene
Harnois Chung.”
Other things are perplexing, too, like
the time-consuming ceremony sur-
rounding point challenges, or instant
video replay reviews — when players
believe that they should have, or their
opponent should not have, been award-
ed points. Fighting stops. The referee walks to
the side and bows to the athlete’s coach.
The coach bows back and hands him a
little colored square. The referee walks
back to the center and holds up the col-
ored square, then walks back out to a
different side, bows again, and hands
the square to a member of the three-
judge panel. The judge takes the square
back to his other judges, and they de-
cide whether to award, or remove, the
point. Such a scene was touched off by a
particularly vicious set of exchanges be-
tween Rohullah Nikpah of Afghanistan
and Mohammad Bagheri Motamed of
Iran, ending when each kicked the other
and fell down. Bagheri Motamed
scored; Nikpah did not. Also, he hurt his
shin. A woman from Nikpah’s entourage
came out, sprayed the shin with some-
thing from an aerosol can and then went
away. Nikpah’s coach challenged. The
announcer tried to explain. “So, Nikpah is asking for a review be-
cause of, uh, him being on the ground at
the time of the point being scored,” he
said. The crowd waited. “It’s unsuccessful!” the announcer
said. “If you want to know why the re-
view was rejected, it’s because Nikpah
was not fully on the ground when the
kick went in.” George Meredith Hardy, the lead pro-
ducer for sports presentation at ExCel,
the site for taekwondo, wrestling and
other sports during the London Games,
said part of the announcers’ job was to
help “educate the spectators and make
sure they understand what is going on.” Taekwondo presents particular chal-
lenges, Hardy said. “It’s a little confus-
ing for the fans,” he acknowledged.
“Often you see kicks that you think
should result in a point, and they don’t.” Exactly, said Suheda Khan, who had
come to watch the match featuring Nik-
pah, who lost. “I think they’re trying to
score points by getting hits off the, uh,
the area,” Khan, 21, said. “I think they
said the torso area. I don’t really know.
They gave an explanation in a video.” Down at the match in progress, the
referee was shouting out commands in
Korean to the competitors, telling them
to get ready and to begin.
“Joonbi!” he said. “Shijak!” “He’s clearly directing them with
hand signals,” said Whenman, the man
who was confused about the letters on
the scoreboard.
His fiancée, Emma Maule, 29, said
she did not think they were actually let-
ters. “There were different colored
squares flashing on and off,” she said. The spectators were still trying to fig-
ure out what was going on with the ref-
eree: What was he saying? What lan-
guage was he speaking? “English and French,” Jo Andrews,
46, said. “It’s a Korean type of dialect,” Green
said. “I don’t know,” Basharmal said. “Chi-
Franka Anic of Slovakia, left, battling Gulnafis Aitmukhambetova of Kazakhstan in a women’s bout.The judges, seated around the mat,determine a winner if a match ends in a tie.
Kicks and Punches Aside, What’s Going On?
Several spectators at recent Olympic matches had a difficult time determining what was unfolding before them.
A sport that seems
designed to inflict
maximum bafflement.
sonality is.” And as in dating,she said,
“you are not there to fix them.”
The 100-year-old sport of modern
pentathlon is itself something of an un-
familiar horse to most Americans,
though it is quite popular in Eastern Eu-
rope. Legend has it that Baron Pierre de
Coubertin, the father of the modern
Olympics and an ardent romantic, se-
lected the five sports based on what any
self-respecting soldier would do if he
were behind enemy lines — that is, re-
pel his antagonists in a fencing match,
swim across something, run a certain
distance, shoot at some people and ride
away on whatever horse he happened
to come across.
“That’s nonsense, really,” said Andy
Archibald, a historian of the pentathlon
and a member of Britain’s gold-winning
team in 1976. “His selection of sports
was quite random.” In the first pentathlon,in 1912, the
athletes were allowed to use horses
with which they were acquainted. That
is the case in other equestrian events, in
which the long-forged symbiosis be-
tween rider and horse can be the decid-
ing factor and the course is designed to
test the horse as well as the rider.
But de Coubertin believed from the
beginning that the real test of athletes’
mettle was their ability to handle a
horse that they had never met — or, in
the usual lingo, the unfamiliar horse.
And from 1920 onward, that is how the
event has been conducted.
The process of assigning the horses is
fairly straightforward. The athletes line
up at the site of the riding event,and the
numbered horses are paraded before
them. The athlete who is highest in the
standings picks a number, and from this
one draw,the horses are assigned to the
competitors. The athlete might draw a
piece of paper out of a hat;sometimes
the ceremony involves one of those bin-
go hall contraptions with the frenetic
Ping-Pong balls. At these London
Games, the athlete will draw from a
bowl with individually numbered wood-
en blocks.
Someone from each team — a coach
or sometimes the athlete — is likely to
have recorded video of the horses at a
test run the day before, and after the
drawing the competitors rush to study
it. But it really comes down to the 20-
minute icebreaker. Still, there is not much even the best
rider can do about a horse that is simply
bad, which is more often the case than
one might expect.
“I got thrown off in Moscow in a com-
petition last year and broke my arm in
two places, and I’ve had horses that
wouldn’t go over anything,” said Mar-
gaux Isaksen, an American pentathlete.
“I’ve been to some countries, and I
won’t give specifics, but the horses are
just about lame.”
The horses are often donated by
show-jumping trainers, and choosing
the most suitable ones can be some-
thing of an art, explained Philip Har-
land, the riding director for the London
Olympics. Over the past few months,
Harland has winnowed a pool of 149
horses to 45, favoring the capable and
even-tempered. “We don’t want any horses with any
vices,” Harland said. Of course, in a large field there is no
way to guarantee a perfectly equitable
distribution of equine agreeability. That
is part of what can be so worrying about
the unfamiliar horse:that one’s success
at an event one has trained for so dili-
gently can depend on something so ar-
bitrary as a drawing from a bowl. It
would be like a gymnast’s finding out
only right before her competition just
how long and wide her balance beam
would be, and also that her beam had a
tendency to be moody.
While no one appears concerned
about the quality of horses at these
Olympics given Britain’s strong eques-
trian tradition, there are competitions in
countries that do not have access to a
broad array of quality horses. There
may be such a limited pool in some
places that the competitors are already
quite familiar with the horses they will
be riding, and the horses may even
know them, too. But this can be of little
comfort when a horse knows you and
does not like you.
Unfamiliarity in some cases can be
bliss, and coaches may not share in-
formation they have about horses to
keep riders from becoming nervous.
David Svoboda, a Czech pentathlete, re-
called the sinking feeling he had when
he learned of his draw at the 2008 Olym-
pics,because he knew that the horse
had been a disaster in the run-through
the day before. Beijing seems to come up a lot in con-
“In Beijing, not only were some of the
horses not up to standard,” Archibald
said, “but a terrible downpour turned
the area into hash, and people in the
crowd who had never seen horses be-
fore made such strange noises that the
horses were spooked.”
Stories of bad draws are legion. Many
end with some successful competitor
plummeting in the standings after vain-
ly trying to negotiate with a horse that
seems unfamiliar not only to its rider,
but to the experience of being ridden at
all. Considering that these are top-level
competitors, the number of injuries may
be surprising. “Every single time I’ve been in a pen-
tathlon, something unfortunate has hap-
pened,” Suzanne Stettinius of the United
States teamsaid.
At the recent world championships in
Rome, a Mexican athlete’s horse sud-
denly stopped short before a jump, she
said, propelling the athlete straight
through the standard. Meanwhile, “the girl from France
didn’t make it over the first jump be-
cause she just couldn’t get the horse to
go over,” Stettinius continued.“She
didn’t manage to make it over one jump,
and she went from being in third to 35th
The reason was not complicated, Stet-
tinius said:“She just didn’t get along
Viktor Horvath of Hungary at the 2008 Games.“Every single time I’ve been
in a pentathlon, something unfortunate has happened,” a U.S. athlete said.
All Business on the First Date
From First Sports Page
In a 20-minute warm-up,
trying to figure out a
horse’s personality.
2 0 1 2
“The first four laps are great. The last two
laps are not so great.” — Benjamin
Schulte, 16, of Guam, who finished last in
the 10K open water swim.
View From the Back
LONDON — You would think the
racewalking community would embrace
the Olympics. After all, the sport is
largely ignored and often ridiculed, so
getting the chance to race on interna-
tional television once every four years
ought to be cause for celebration.
But when the Games arrive, race-
walkers and their judges brace for an
onslaught. Television, it turns out, is
racewalkers’ worst enemy because
cameras often zoom in on their feet, and
the picture is not pretty. In slow motion,
viewers can see racers with both feet off
the ground, seemingly breaking one of
the sport’s two cardinal rules: thou
shalt have at least one foot in contact
with the ground at all times.
Over the course of a 20-kilometer
(12.4-mile) or 50-kilometer (31.1-mile)
race, the sight of racewalkers appar-
ently flouting the rules can lead to
howls from the public and the news me-
dia, with calls for racewalking to be
thrown out of the Olympics.
“If you don’t like racewalking, it be-
comes easy to look at these freeze-
frame photos,” said Gary Westerfield,
one of 30 international judges certified
to officiate Olympic racewalking events.
The trouble is that the rules of race-
walking are lost in the debate over
whether the sport is legitimate or a cha-
rade. Rule 230 of the I.A.A.F. rule book
states that “racewalking is a progres-
sion of steps so taken that the walker
makes contact with the ground so that
no visible (to the human eye) loss of
contact occurs.”
“To the human eye” is the critical
part because it underscores the sub-
jective nature of judging the sport. Un-
like television cameras, the human eye
has difficulty confirming that both feet
are in the air for less than 30 or 40 milli-
seconds. Racewalkers and judges grasp
this, but critics argue that this inability
to police the sport erodes its credibility. “This has become a problem because
every four years they’ll show athletes
off the ground,” said Dave McGovern, a
racewalking coach and judge and the
author of “The Complete Guide to Race-
walking.” “It’s about the threshold that an eye
can see it,” McGovern said, “but in
terms of the public, they freak out.”
In a sport that gets more than its
share of needling because of the way
the walkers swing their hips, racewalk-
ers are understandably sensitive about
the scrutiny. They argue, though, that
the vagaries of judging racewalking are
no different from, say, those of deter-
mining balls and strikes in baseball or
traveling calls in basketball.
Some of the wounds, though, are self-
inflicted because judging the sport is so
quirky. Eight judges from different
countries are positioned along the two-
kilometer loop used for Olympic races.
If they see infractions — either a loss of
contact with the ground or a bent knee
(the other cardinal rule) — they are en-
couraged to flash a yellow warning pad-
dle at the walker. A judge who sees the
same athlete break the same rule again
can write a red card. Walkers who re-
ceive red cards from three different
judges are disqualified.
In the men’s 20-kilometer race last
Saturday, 56 athletes started the race.
Two racewalkers were disqualified (a
Russian and a Colombian), 8 received
two red cards and 15 were given one red
To prevent a judge from single-hand-
edly disqualifying a walker, judges can
give only one red card per athlete. Once
that red card is given, the walker ef-
fectively becomes invisible to that
judge. Walkers, though, are not told
which judge gave them a red card,to
prevent them from blatantly breaking
the rules when passing a judge who
could no longer issue a card.
Athletes, however, can see how many
red cards they have when they pass a
sign board on the course.
Only the chief judge or his assistants
can remove a walker from the course. It
takes time, though, for the field judges
to notify the chief judge of a red-card in-
fraction. Hand-held devices are used to
notify a recorder in the chief judge’s sta-
tion. Bicycle messengers also ferry
written red cards to the recorder.
Only after the chief judge has con-
firmed that three judges have given a
red card is a walker removed from the
This gap has led to some embar-
rassing gaffes, most notably in Sydney
in 2000. In the men’s 20-kilometer race,
Bernardo Segura of Mexico crossed the
finish line first and was soon speaking
by phone with the president of Mexico.
While being congratulated, Segura was
told he had been disqualified. In the women’s 20-kilometer event,
the race leader, Liu Hongyu of China,
was disqualified. Then the new race
leader, Elisabetta Perrone of Italy, was
disqualified. That put Jane Saville of
Australia in the lead. Heading into the
stadium, she was disqualified while
90,000 Aussies prepared to crown her a
hometown hero. “I won bronze in Athens, but every-
one knows me for the disqualification,”
said Saville, who retired in 2008. “Some
people who are skeptical have never
been out to a race.”
In a sport so hard to judge, calls for
using technology are constant. Race-
walking officials have considered using
a “shoe alarm” that would be triggered
whenever a walker had both feet off the
ground for more than 30 or 40 millisec-
onds. The idea was scrapped because
the alarm was battery powered and
could malfunction.
The use of high-speed cameras has
been debated but never adopted for
many reasons, including the cost of in-
stalling them at non-Olympic races that
operate on a tiny budget. To many, let-
ting racewalkers compete without cam-
eras most of the time and then using
them at the Olympics would be unfair. If
cameras lead to more disqualifications,
athletes may get discouraged and quit.
“Our job is not to catch the bad guys
gaining an unfair advantage, but to pro-
tect the good guys complying with the
rules,” said Pierce O’Callaghan, a for-
mer Irish racewalker and an Olympic
coach and judge. “Judging with the hu-
man eye is the worst form of judging,
except for all the others.”
Chen Ding of China won the men’s 20-kilometer race last Saturday. Cameras often show walkers with both feet in the air, a clear infraction of the rules.
One Step at a Time? It’s More Complicated Than That
Flouting the rules can be
obvious on TV, but
harder to spot in person.
bach defended her actions.
“You can say it’s gamesmanship, you
can say it’s smart,” she told reporters,
“but I’m a competitor,and I want to get
the ball back at our feet.”
When does strategy end and un-
sportsmanlike behavior begin?
“Just because something isn’t techni-
cally against the rules doesn’t mean it’s
the most honorable way to compete,”
Klein said.
In men’s swimming, the South Afri-
can Cameron van der Burgh acknowl-
edged that he took more than the one
dolphin kick permitted on starts and
turns on his way to winning the 100-me-
ter breaststroke in world-record time.
He told reporters from Australia,
whose swimmer Christian Sprenger fin-
ished second, “Everyone is pushing the
rules and pushing the boundaries, and if
you are not doing it, you are not trying
hard enough.”
In the absence of underwater cam-
The four badminton doubles teams
that were disqualified for trying to lose
so they would play a weaker opponent
in the next round were just the begin-
ning. Exploiting loopholes in the rules,
or in their enforcement, appears to have
become a 37th sport in these Games.
In men’s cycling, the team sprint was
won by Britain, whose leadoff man,
Philip Hindes,crashed near the begin-
ning of a qualifying heat, prompting a
restart. At the time, Hindes was in dan-
ger of being passed by his teammate Ja-
son Kenny, which would have been
grounds for disqualification.
Hindes said he crashed “on purpose
to get a restart” and added, “It was all
planned,really,” but British team offi-
cials explained away the comments as a
misunderstanding based on the Ger-
man-born Hindes’s rudimentary com-
mand of English.
Any translation of the rules absolves
Hindes of wrongdoing, technically
speaking. In the event of an early crash,
teams are entitled to a restart, which
raises this question: Is it enough to fol-
low the rules of competition, or does the
spirit of competition matter?
In a women’s soccer semifinal match
between Canada and the United States,
the Canadian goalkeeper, Erin McLeod,
was penalized for holding the ball long-
er than is permissible in what may have
been an attempt to waste time and pro-
tect Canada’s one-goal lead.
The timekeeping rule is almost never
enforced. After McLeod was issued a
warning, Abby Wambach of the United
States, acting as both player and the
time police, counted out loud, for the
benefit of the referee standing nearby,
the number of seconds McLeod held the
ball. At that point, the referee made the
call, leading to the tying goal by the
Americans, who won in extra time.
After the match, the Canadian coach,
John Herdman, wondered aloud how
the referee would sleep, while Wam-
eras to monitor swimmers’ movements,
it is difficult for on-deck officials to spot
the extra dolphin kicks. So competitors
searching for any edge might ask: if
FINA, the sport’s international govern-
ing body, does not take the proper
measures to enforce its rules, why
should the athletes?
“For me, it’s not obviously, shall we
say, the moral thing to do,” van der
Burgh said. “But I’m not willing to sac-
rifice my personal performance and
four years of hard work for someone
else who is willing to do it.”
The bronze medalist in van der
Burgh’s race was the American Bren-
dan Hansen, who takes exception to the
idea that everybody is bending, if not
breaking, the rules.
“There was never a thought in my
head that the extra dolphin kick or two
was something I was going to do,” he
said in a telephone interview. “I wasn’t
raised to cheat. It’s not something I
Hansen said he knew which swim-
mers in his heats were taking the illegal
kicks. It was obvious, he said, when he
watched the tape of his races.
“In the semis, I was half a body
length behind at the start,” he said.
“The coaches were saying, ‘How can
you get better?’ and my response was:
‘Well, I’m doing it legally. What can I
Hansen, who finished 1.03 seconds be-
hind van der Burgh, said he was satis-
fied with his bronze medal and har-
bored no hard feelings.
“I give him credit for actually having
the guts to come out and say something
and be honest,” he said, “because may-
be that’s what it’s going to take for the
organizations running swimming to use
the technology at their disposal to en-
force the rules.”
At the opening ceremony, Sarah Ste-
venson of Britain, a 2008 bronze medal-
ist in taekwondo, took the Olympic oath
on behalf of all of the athletes.
“In the name of all the competitors,”
she read, “I promise that we shall take
part in these Olympic Games, respect-
ing and abiding by the rules that govern
them, committing ourselves to a sport
without doping and without drugs, in
the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the
glory of sport and the honor of our
On Friday, after she was eliminated
by Paige McPherson of the United
States in the preliminaries of the 67-kg
(148-pound) class, Stevenson was asked
if exploiting loopholes in the rules for
competitive gain or cheating because
one is not likely to be caught fell within
the spirit of the solemn oath she recited.
“No, obviously not,” said Stevenson, a
four-time Olympian, adding, “I think
that’s each athlete’s choice, and they
have to live with it for the rest of their
Cameron van der Burgh acknowledged cheating to win the 100 breaststroke.Abby Wambach (14) counted out loud to draw attention to a soccer infraction. INSIDE THE RINGS
Shades of Gray On the Way
To the Podium
From First Sports Page
2 0 1 2
Chinawhite, a London nightclub,is offering
gold medalists a free Golden Cocktail,with
Champagne, Cognac and real gold flakes.
It normally costs more than $3,000.
The Round’s on Me
LONDON — The Connor Fields who
limped into the BMX mixed zone Friday
looked as if he had just survived a car
wreck. His pants were torn at the left
kneecap. A flap of torn skin hung from
his bloody right hand.
The sight of him
proved that the car-
nage had continued on
the second day of the second competi-
tion in BMX supercross in Olympic his-
tory. Of the 14 runs, 8 featured at least
one spill. One rider, Squel Stein of Bra-
zil, left the course on a stretcher but lat-
er arrived at the athletes’ village hospi-
tal walking on her own and not seri-
ously injured.
Another crash knocked Fields, an
American who entered the day among
the medal favorites, off his bike. He re-
covered in later runs to advance to the
final, only to start it too slowly, get
pinned behind a competitor and finish
seventh. It was that kind of Olympics
for the Americans, who claimed half the
BMX medals at the Beijing Games yet
were shut out Friday.
Fields did not blame the track, where
conditions seemed more dangerous
than extreme, but his mother, Lisa, said
before Friday’s races: “They shouldn’t
call this the BMX track. They should
call it the Roman Colosseum.” Fields did not blame bad luck either.
Mostly, he blamed himself. But his post-
race interviews also hit on a larger,
more long-term issue: the global evolu-
tion of BMX.
The results Friday confirmed USA
Cycling’s worst fears, that the world
had not only caught up to the Ameri-
cans since Beijing, but surpassed them,
too. Maris Strombergs of Latvia picked
up his second consecutive gold medal
on the men’s side. Mariana Pajón of Co-
lombia won gold for the women. Five
countries were represented on the med-
al stand.
“A lot of it has to do with other coun-
tries — their sporting delegations are
government-funded,” Fields said.
“There are other countries that have all
sorts of technology and sports science,
things like that.”
Part of the Americans’ disappointing
Olympic results stemmed from their
riders’ lack of experience. Fields, de-
spite his favored status, was, at 19, the
youngest rider in the final. None of his
teammates had competed in the Olym-
pics before, either.
And yet, the Americans enjoyed other
advantages. The United States Olympic
Committee built a replica of the Olympic
track so that its riders could know every
bend, every jump, by heart. After realiz-
ing in 2009 that it had fallen behind oth-
er countries in sports science, the BMX
program overhauled that part of its
training regimen. The pool of compet-
itors, while younger, remained the deep-
est of any country in the field.
For eight years, Mike King, the BMX
program director, said he did not want
to simply win medals, he wanted to win
gold medals. On Friday, he did not win
any medals. But he chose to see these
Olympics more as transitional, his team
as one that will be more successful in
four years.
“The sport has evolved,” King said as
Colombia’s national anthem played in
the background. “Today shows how glo-
bal our sport has become.”
Asked if he expected to lose financing
based on the results, King said: “Not
necessarily. These kids are young. To be
honest, I’m excited to start tomorrow
morning for Rio 2016.”
The worst-case example is mountain
biking, another Olympic cycling disci-
pline whose origins are often traced
back to California. America last won a
medal in mountain biking in 1996, the
year the event made its Olympic debut.
The BMX riders do not see the same
drought being repeated in their sport.
Although crashing in his first semifinal
run knocked Fields into fourth place, he
won the second and third runs of his
heats. In 2016, he will be only 23, and
barring injury, he should again be
among the favorites.
The goal? Stay upright.
U.S., After Dismal Showing, Still Has High Hopes for Rio CYCLING
Strombergs of
Latvia, right,
won his second
straight gold
medal in BMX
cycling on
Friday. Of the
day’s 14 runs, 8
featured at least
one spill,
Connor Fields of
the U.S., who
finished seventh
in the final. By GREG BISHOP
LONDON — They took turns on Fri-
day night, four American superstars
who passed the scoring torch as if com-
peting in an Olympic basketball relay,
as if auditioning for the title of best local
foursome since the
Beatles last played
The ball swung
from Kobe Bryant to LeBron James to
Kevin Durant to Carmelo Anthony, from
the old man to the new king, from the
new king to his likely successor, from
the likely successor to the streakiest
scorer of them all. They did not set any
Olympic records. It only seemed that
The final score read, 109-83,in favor
of the Americans, who advanced to
their latest gold medal contest, on Sun-
day against a familiar foe. Before the
United States could worry about that re-
match with Spain for the chance to re-
peat as Olympic champion, it had to dis-
patch Argentina, the one team that
seemed capable of fraying its nerves.
Instead, Team USA banished Argenti-
na to the bronze medal contest under a
barrage of scoring binges, despite a
blockbuster trade that threatened to de-
rail the attention of interested parties
like Bryant, if not USA Basketball. The
Dwight Howard-Lakers trade that
shook up the N.B.A. on Friday appeared
to minimally affect its collection of All-
Stars across the pond. The scoring
“You’ve got three scorers on this
team that can get blistering hot if we
make two shots in a row,” Bryant said.
“It’s crazy. I’ve never seen anything
like it. All of a sudden, it’s like the flood-
gates open. A 10-point lead turns into 20
very, very quickly.”
On Friday, on the first leg of the relay,
Bryant set the pace. In the quarterfinals
against Australia, he awakened from an
Olympic slumber,said he wanted to ac-
tivate “the Black Mamba,” his nick-
name,and buried six 3-pointers in the
second half.
Bryant received the loudest ovation
from the crowd and picked up Friday
where he left off Wednesday. He scored
11 points in the first five minutes and
staked the United States to an 18-6 ad-
vantage out of the gate.
The assurance of another medal, the
role Bryant played in another Olympic
victory, none of it equaled the best thing
that happened to him Friday. The star-
studded basketball team known as the
Los Angeles Lakers added Howard. It
also kept Pau Gasol, the Spanish for-
ward and Lakers teammate who will
face Bryant again Sunday.
As far as summer weekdays go, Bry-
ant had a good one, perhaps his best
one in a long time. He said he did not
needle James, the only reigning N.B.A.
champion on the United States roster,
about how the trade might shift the
N.B.A. landscape. Asked if his interna-
tional teammates seemed upset, Bryant
laughed and said, “I’ve heard they are.
We haven’t had those conversations
yet. We have a little game to think about
The relay’s second leg went to James,
a player for whom nothing seemed im-
possible this summer, except perhaps a
trade for Howard to his Miami Heat.
James, Coach Mike Krzyzewski said af-
terward, did the dirty work in this tour-
nament and performed the clean work,
In the second quarter against Ar-
gentina, James summoned the ball and
attacked the basket. He scored four bas-
kets in a handful of minutes. He
grabbed seven rebounds and dished an
equal number of assists. He slammed a
dunk that was emphatic even by his
standards. Another day at the interna-
tional office, basically. The United
States led, 47-40, at the half.
Durant assumed the third leg of the
relay, which was appropriate, because
he set the Team USA record for 3-point-
ers in one Olympics two games ago and
broke it nine times since. His 3-pointers
fell like rain drops Friday, from the right
wing and the left wing and dead center
atop the key. His triples staggered Ar-
gentina the way body blows rob a fight-
er of his legs.
Through the first three quarters,
Krzyzewski watched three players who
could legitimately claim to be the best
player of their respective generations
take their spotlight turn. This depends,
of course, on how one defines genera-
tions. Regardless, Krzyzewski said USA
Basketball exhibited its “best balance”
in this tournament, and when that bal-
ance goes from Bryant to James to Du-
rant, it seems almost unfair.
Anthony ran the anchor leg. If Durant
wobbled Argentina, Anthony finished
the Argentines, which also seemed ap-
propriate, after one of their players
punched him in the groin in the teams’
last meeting. This tournament has
brought out the best in Anthony, and
this is largely a byproduct of the talent
that surrounds him, that frees him to
stand on the perimeter and shoot really
open shots. A byproduct of that and his
uncanny ability to make them.
He scored 18 points on Friday. Most of
it came in the fourth quarter, as Durant
celebrated from the bench. Anthony
shimmied after each made basket, his
recent struggles in New York, all the
blame cast his way, forgotten, if only for
two weeks during the Olympics.
Afterward, Krzyzewski noted his
team’s obvious offensive firepower,
which resulted largely out of necessity.
With only one center on the roster, the
Americans flood the floor with scorers,
one after the other. With Chris Paul and
Deron Williams feeding them — the
point guards combined for 13 assists
and zero turnovers — there is no short-
age of shots, even for so many scorers
to share one basketball, as four did on
Friday night.
Tyson Chandler scoring over Leonardo Gutierrez of Argentina.The United States will face Spain on Sunday.
LeBron James had 18 points, teaming up with Kobe Bryant, Kevin Durant
and Carmelo Anthony to send the United States to the gold medal game. U.S. Superstar Relay
Riddles Argentina
With Scoring Barrage
2 0 1 2
“This is another revenge for what they
have done to us during the war.” — Mate
Bacic, a Croatian fan after Croatia beat
Montenegro in the water polo semifinals.
Revenge Served Wet
LONDON — After finishing a double-
double that no Olympian before him had
finished, where does Usain Bolt run
from here? First, let’s hear from him what he will
not be doing. “No to the 400 meters, no!” Bolt said.
“Please do not ask any more questions
about the 400 meters.” Now for what Bolt just might be do-
ing: Putting his — to understate the
case — world-class speed to use in an-
other sport altogether. He has been half-
joking about a Manchester United try-
out for years. “I made a goal to become a legend,”
he said. “Now I need to sit down and
find something that’s going to really
motivate me to come out and do great
things. Yeah, I have fans I want to show
I’m the best still, but if I can’t, find
something that will motivate me —
maybe football.” It is an alluring, if far-fetched, pros-
pect: Bolt on the wing, chasing down a
through ball. (Imagine the goal celebra-
tions and the yellow cards that could fol-
low.) Star Olympic sprinters have made
the transition to other sports before.
Bob Hayes won the 100-meter dash in
1964 and then became an All-Pro wide
receiver with the Dallas Cowboys. Re-
naldo Nehemiah, once the world’s fast-
est 110-meter hurdler, also went on to
play wide receiver in the N.F.L. But transitions only rarely end in glo-
ry for the world’s greatest athletes:
Consider Michael Jordan’s minor
league efforts in baseball between peri-
ods ruling the world on the basketball
court. No, the most likely prospect is that af-
ter this Olympic double-double in the
100 and 200 — winning both titles in 2008
and 2012 — which could still turn into a
double-triple if the Jamaicans win the
4x100 relay on Saturday, Bolt will cruise
through the end of the track season, live
the good life in Jamaica for a time and
ultimately decide that the best place to
run from here is back to the track. Too bad he does not like the 400, be-
cause that would seem to be just the
right new frontier, with the 19-year-old
Grenadian Kirani James breaking 44
seconds in his victory in London,and
with LaShawn Merritt of the United
States still a major factor. There is also still the prospect of the
long jump, which has been a traditional
complement to a sprinter’s arsenal. Jes-
se Owens won the 100, 200 and long
jump at the 1936 Games in Berlin. Carl
Lewis won five gold medals in the
sprints and four consecutive golds in
the long jump from 1984 to 1996. Bolt’s longtime coach, Glen Mills, is
not a jump coach. He coaches the
sprints and would be much more in-
clined to help Bolt move up on a serious
basis to the 400. Trying the long jump
also seems unlikely in light of Bolt’s
continuing concerns about his back,
which has troubled him this season and
troubled him again, according to Bolt,
coming out of the curve Thursday night. He has scoliosis, as photos of him
shirtless make abundantly clear, and
the pounding that goes with long jump-
ing could pose a risk of further injury. Bolt still sounds intrigued, but the 400
remains the more likely new direction if
there is a new direction. So what of a
triple-double in Rio in 2016? “I think it’s going to be a hard mis-
sion,” Bolt, who will turn 26 on Aug. 21,
said Thursday. He then gestured to his
22-year-old Jamaican compatriots
Yohan Blake and Warren Weir. Blake
won the silver in the 100 and 200 in Lon-
don. Weir, a former hurdler, won the
bronze in the 200. “Both these guys are running ex-
tremely well right now, and I think I’ve
had my time,” Bolt said. “In life any-
thing is possible, but for me it’s going to
be a hard reach.” The talented younger runners will
have an exceedingly tough act to follow.
Bolt is, without doubt, the greatest
sprinter in history, able to produce his
best under the greatest pressure, al-
though Michael Johnson, the American
who dominated the 200 and 400 in the
1990s, could have a superior case to
make for enduring greatness. “Let Usain Bolt be free of injury;let
him keep his motivation,which I think
will be the case,” Jacques Rogge, the In-
ternational Olympic Committee presi-
dent, said this week. “Let him partici-
pate in three, four Games, and he can be
a legend.” Rogge’s preference for understate-
ment has clashed with Bolt’s overstated
approach in the past. But the semantics
are interesting: For Bolt to adopt the
word “legend” as his mantra the last
four years instead of “great” leaves the
success of the enterprise open to inter-
pretation. Bolt, until further notice, peaked in
Berlin in 2009 at the world champion-
ships, where he won the 100 in a world-
record time of 9.58 seconds and the 200
in a world-record time of 19.19. But his
winning times in London were still daz-
zling by any other man’s standards, and
he has run his three fastest times in the
100 and the 200 in either the Olympic
Games or the world championships. “I am now a living legend,’’ he said
Thursday at the conclusion of his news
conference. “Bask in my glory.” That probably sounds like Bolt is as
grand an egomaniac as he is a talent.
The ego is there,but there is a lightness
to Bolt that tempers the impression you
might get from afar or without context. Even after four years as a global cam-
era magnet, even after four years where
his every misstep or false start was big
news, he has not lost his sense of fun.
There he was on the warm-up track
Thursday, throwing an ersatz, Holly-
wood-stuntman punch at his friendly ri-
val Wallace Spearmon. There he was after winning the gold,
doing push-ups with Blake and snap-
ping images of Blake after borrowing a
photographer’s camera. There he was,
too, delaying his interviews until David
Rudisha of Kenya had finished his med-
al ceremony after winning gold in the
800 meters and breaking the world
record. That was undoubtedly the perform-
ance of the meet so far, perhaps of the
Olympics as a whole if you agree with
the organizing committee chief, Sebas-
tian Coe. But choosing the man of the
meet is another matter, and as Bolt fin-
ished ahead of the crowd again on
Thursday and drew another crowd in
the aftermath, the answer seemed clear. CAMERON SPENCER/GETTY IMAGES
Usain Bolt on Thursday after winning his fifth gold medal. He will seek a sixth, in the 4x100 relay, Saturday.
Renaldo Nehemiah, a hurdler,
and Bob Hayes, right,an Olym-
pic champion sprinter, each had
turns as N.F.L. wide receivers.
For Bolt,
Now What?
The 400 meters? Soccer? The long jump? Or maybe
a bid in 2016 for a triple-double (or a triple-triple).
TOKYO — In the men’s marathon, it
takes bravado to aim for a spot on the
Olympic medals podium higher than
runners from Ethiopia and Kenya, who
have dominated the
sport for years.
But Arata Fujiwara,
Japan’s top marathon-
er, has made a name for himself by
bucking conventional wisdom. In a
country that values predictability, hier-
archy and modesty, he does not belong
to a running club, coaches himself and
has a unique training regimen that em-
phasizes speed over endurance.
Shunning the teams that compete in
the corporate distance relay, or ekiden,
which dominates Japan’s running
world, Fujiwara is a provocative figure
who has befuddled supporters and
skeptics alike. To some, he represents a
new breed of runner willing to try new
methods and expand beyond Japan’s in-
sular running world, which discourages
racing overseas. To others, he is chal-
lenging the existing order tilted in favor
of Japanese television broadcasters and
team sponsors.
His performances have been just as
bewildering. Fujiwara has finished sec-
ond in the Tokyo Marathon three times,
including this year, when he ran 2 hours
7 minutes 48 seconds, the seventh-fast-
est time for a Japanese man. But he has
also run slower than 2:20 in other mara-
thons, including several overseas.
However fickle his times, his ability to
run with the leaders makes him Japan’s
best chance to win a medal in the men’s
Olympic marathon since Koichi Morish-
ita finished second in Barcelona 20
years ago. While runners from Africa
are expected to be at the front of the
pack in the race Sunday, Track & Field
News picked Fujiwara to finish sixth,
the only Asian runner among the top
eight predicted finishers.
In keeping with his maverick ways,
Fujiwara, 30,is not afraid to speak open-
ly about his ambitions. In May, he ran a
10-kilometer race in England and scout-
ed the Olympic marathon course in Lon-
don. He trained on his own in California,
far from the prying eyes of the Japanese
news media, though most days he trains
in Yoyogi Park in Tokyo running laps
while a friend on a bicycle keeps time.
“With all the hype, I am careful and
try not to make bold statements,” Fujiw-
ara said in an interview in Tokyo in
June. “Nevertheless, I want a medal.
When I recently went to London, I start-
ed to feel the possibility of a medal. I felt
I could see it.”
Fujiwara has taken an unconvention-
al path to the marathon, where the fa-
vorites include Wilson Kipsang of Ken-
ya and Ayele Abshero of Ethiopia. Tired
of racing on a large team and eager to
test some of his ideas, he quit the corpo-
rate team sponsored by JR East, Ja-
pan’s largest railway, in 2010. Suddenly,
he no longer had teammates or a coach,
and he had to find his own housing and
cook his own meals. His modest salary
and travel subsidies disappeared.
“If you run for a corporate team, es-
sentially everything is taken care of,”
said Ken Nakamura, who lives in San
Jose but works with the Tokyo Mara-
thon. “Now he doesn’t have any of the
amenities, but he’s free to run where he
wants. You have to be courageous.”
Going out on his own means the po-
tential for humiliation is never far off,
because the naysayers in the running
world are many. It also takes a certain
type of person to be willing to market
himself not just in Japan, but overseas.
In addition to prize money and ap-
pearance fees, Fujiwara won sponsor-
ships from Miki House, a children’s
clothing company,and Kagome, a juice
company. He used his popularity to
raise thousands of dollars in online do-
nations from fans.
Though injuries and poor perform-
ances could derail his career, racing in-
dependently has been more a statement
on the state of distance running in Ja-
pan than a rebellion.
“The Japanese marathon is sluggish,”
he said. “There’s an emphasis on only
practicing running. Intuitively, I felt un-
comfortable with it. I felt, ‘Perhaps
there is something wrong about this.’ I
didn’t have the answers for how to
change this. Then I began to be curious,
and I decided to learn how the foreign
athletes are doing it.”
For inspiration, Fujiwara turned to
Vincent Rousseau, an ascetic Belgian
runner who had some success in the
1980s and ’90s. Rousseau’s independent
streak taught Fujiwara that training
alone can be done well.
Fujiwara has a similar free spirit. He
grew up in Nagasaki, where his parents
gave him and his four siblings room to
learn for themselves. He attended col-
lege in the Tokyo area, where he had an
accomplished though not extraordinary
running career.
He joined the JR East racing team af-
ter graduation, but the heavy training
regimen, curfews and predictable life-
style felt a lot like college and were not
much fun. So he left. “Finally, I’m free
now,” he said with a laugh. “It took way
too long.”
One reason Fujiwara felt confident
enough to go out on his own was his suc-
cess. In 2008, after his first second-place
finish in Tokyo, one sports newspaper
ran a headline, “Who Is This Guy?” Af-
ter he finished second again in 2010, he
felt prepared to strike out on his own.
Now coaching himself, Fujiwara has
reduced his mileage and focused in-
stead on speed. To prepare to run 2:06,
or three minutes per kilometer, he uses
workouts that include repetitions of
three-minute kilometer runs. At a meet
in Japan in June,he ran back-to-back
heats of the 10 kilometers with less than
five minutes to rest. He finished fifth in
the first heat with a time of 29:01,and
then ran 29:08.
“From the beginning, I had lots of
stamina,” said Fujiwara, who joked that
he has the body of a chicken. “I felt that
if I do speed training, I can do well in the
marathon. Normal runners do the oppo-
site. They have raw speed but they need
to increase their stamina.”
Whether that strategy will help
produce a medal is unclear. Fujiwara is
unlikely to keep up with the leaders if
they end up running 2:04 or 2:05. But
the course in London has many turns,
and if it rains, as it did for the women’s
marathon last week, Fujiwara has a bet-
ter chance.
“In a technical race, he’s good on
those courses and his finish is good,”
said Brett Larner, who writes for the
blog Japan Running News and who has
helped Fujiwara find races overseas.
“In a perfect scenario, it’s foreseeable
he could contend for a bronze, but a top-
five finish is realistic.”
Fujiwara, he said, “has his rebel side,
and he’s very focused on what he wants
to do.” As a Long-Distance Runner, Lonelier Than Most
Arata Fujiwara has been training more for speed than endurance.
2 0 1 2
The Netherlands beat Argentina, 2-0, to
win a third women’s field hockey title. On
Saturday, the Dutch will play Germany for
the gold medal in men’s field hockey.
Double Dutch?
LONDON — For almost a decade, the
Ethiopians Tirunesh Dibaba and Mese-
ret Defar have been locked in a heated
custody battle over the 5,000 meters.
They have traded world championships,
world records and
Olympic crowns, with
Dibaba exhibiting a
protective ferocity for
the event for much of the last four
years. In 2008, Dibaba snatched the Olympic
title from Defar on her way to becoming
the first woman to win the 5,000 and the
10,000 in a single Games. On Friday
night, Dibaba was trying to complete
the double for a second time, and she
took the lead into the last lap of a pre-
dictably tactical race. But fatigued from her gold-medal ef-
fort in the 10,000 as well as an undis-
closed pre-Games illness, Dibaba had
no answer for Defar’s finishing kick.
Defar, the 2004 Olympic champion, blew
past her on the final curve and re-
claimed her title with a time of 15 min-
utes 4.25 seconds. It was well short of
the 12-year-old Olympic record of
14:40.79, set by Gabriela Szabo of Ro-
mania,but significantly faster than
Dibaba’s 2008 winning time of 15:41.40. In the final 20 meters, Dibaba was
also passed by Kenya’s Vivian Cherui-
yot, who swept the 5,000 and 10,000 at
the world championships last year in
the absence of Dibaba, who missed the
competition with shin splints. Cheruiyot
clocked a 15:04.73 to Dibaba’s 15:05.15. “I gave it a good shot,” said Dibaba,
who holds the world record of 14:11.15,
“but I wasn’t aiming for bronze. I’m a
bit disappointed, but in a way I’m not
sad because I did finish in a medal posi-
tion.” Defar is the second woman to regain
an Olympic title on the track. The first
was Dibaba’s cousin Derartu Tulu, who
won the 10,000 meters in 1992 and 2000.
As she took her victory lap, Defar pulled
a cloth picture of the Virgin Mary from
her track top,held it aloft and kissed it. “To win gold in one’s third Olympics
is very tough,” Defar said. “This was a
very decisive Olympics for me.” She added:“At this Olympics,my fo-
cus was on one race only. I wanted to
get gold in the 5,000 meters. Since 2008 I
have tried everything as I wasn’t able to
win the Olympics.” During the medal ceremony, Defar,
28, cried,and her lower lip quivered as
her country’s national anthem played.
In the news conference that followed,
she and Dibaba sat side by side but did
not exchange glances. Dibaba acknowl-
edged disappointment over not com-
pleting the double but said, “The main
thing is that the gold has returned to
Ethiopia,and I’m very happy about
Unlike the 5,000 meters, the women’s
1,500-meter final contained no clear fa-
vorites. Mariem Alaoui Selsouli of Mo-
rocco was headed into the Games with
the fastest time of the year, a 3:56.15
that she clocked in Paris last month. But
she never made it to the starting line:
she was suspended before the Games
after failing a test for a banned diuretic. Also missing was Nataliya Sydoren-
ko-Tobias, the 2008 bronze medalist
from Ukraine, who tested positive last
month for “sophisticated doping of-
fenses.” The absence of top contenders
was reminiscent of 2008,when three
Russian runners, including the 2004 sil-
ver medalist Tatyana Tomashova, were
suspended because of doping suspi-
cions. Tomashova, 37, was in Friday’s field
and finished fourth. Asli Cakir Alptekin
of Turkey made history on her way to
beating out her countrywoman Gamze
Bulut for the gold. Maryam Yusuf Jamal
of Bahrain, a two-time world champion,
was third. Cakir Alptekin, 26, the reigning Euro-
pean champion, crossed the finish line
in 4:10.23. Bulut, 20, finished in 4:10.40,
and Jamal in 4:10.74. It was Turkey’s
first track and field gold medal. “We wanted two medals,and we got
them,” Cakir Alptekin said. “It’s like
gaining two gold medals. Every athlete
dreams of a medal in the Olympic
Games. This is the Turkish power.” Jamal’s bronze was Bahrain’s first
medal at any Olympics, though the dis-
tinction comes with an asterisk. In 2008,
Rashid Ramzi finished first in the men’s
1,500 meters but was later disqualified
and stripped of his gold medal for a dop-
ing violation. Jamal, originally from
Ethiopia, sought political refuge in
Switzerland roughly a decade ago be-
fore settling in Bahrain. “It was a really beautiful moment for
me,” Jamal said. “Considering the inju-
ries I had and the years I had to wait to
win an Olympic medal, winning a
bronze medal is a great achievement.”
She added, “It is really hard to express
the joy and the emotion I have at the
moment.” No runner from the United States has
finished in the top five since the wom-
en’s 1,500 was added to the Olympic pro-
gram in 1972. Morgan Uceny, the reign-
ing United States champion and one of
two Americans in the final, was aiming
to change that, and the slow, tactical
pace of the race favored her. But early
on the bell lap, she appeared to be
clipped from behind and fell to the
track. It was a repeat of what happened
to her at the 2011 world championships. Uceny, 27, who posted times of 4:06.87
in the heats and 4:05.34 in the semi-
finals, did not finish. She left the track in
tears, escorted to the locker room by a
volunteer. Lisa Dobriskey of Britain, who fin-
ished 10th, said she was not surprised
that the race was marred by a fall.
“There were too many bodies and too
slow a race,” she said. The other Amercian, Shannon Row-
bury, who was seventh in 2008, moved
up a place,to sixth.
Meseret Defar, the 2004 Olympic champion in the 5,000 meters, recaptured the gold medal from Tirunesh Dibaba.
Ethiopian Reclaims Title From Countrywoman
of troubles, too.
On Friday, though, the American
passes were perfect. Tianna Madison
broke quickly from the blocks, then
passed cleanly to Allyson Felix, who
won the 200 this week. Bianca Knight
ran the curve on the third leg before
Jeter, who took silver in the 100,blazed
toward the finish,where she celebrated
just as she crossed the line.
It was a sparkling conclusion for a
team that had been involved in its own
bit of controversy before the races be-
gan. Jeneba Tarmoh was part of the
quartet that ran in the preliminary
round — she will win a medal — but
these Games seem destined to be a bit-
tersweet experience for her as she was
part of the contentious Olympic trials
dead-heat finish in the 100 that ulti-
mately left her outside the Olympic
team. Tarmoh was later added to the relay
team but was replaced, along with Lau-
ryn Williams, in the final by Felix and
Jeter. As per Olympic rules, neither Tar-
moh nor Williams took part in the for-
mal medal ceremony.
“As soon as we crossed the finish line,
they broke a world record and won a
gold medal, too,” Madison said. “We’re
a team.”
Jamaica finished behind the United
States in the women’s 4x100, with
Ukraine third, and the United States-
Jamaica rivalry will be revived again
Saturday when the men’s 4x100 teams
from both countries will meet in the fi-
nal. Both qualified easily in their heats
Friday night. Jamaica, with Yohan
Blake running the third leg, posted a
time of 37.39 seconds in the first heat
while the United States, with Justin Gat-
lin as the anchor, bettered that in the
second heat with an American record of
37.38. The final should be a showpiece race,
with Usain Bolt expected to join the Ja-
maicans and Tyson Gay likely to run for
the Americans. The United States will
hope for an incident-free race to end a
run of poor passing form in big meets,
as they finished second at the Athens
Games in 2004 because of awkward
passes, then failed to finish their heat in
Beijing, were disqualified in the heats at
the 2009 world championships and did
not finish again at the world champi-
onships in 2011.
“We were inspired by our girls from
last night,” Gatlin said. “They had safe
passes and brought the stick home. If
you have safe passes,then you can get a
Passing was not an issue for the Unit-
ed States men’s 4x400-meter relay team
as it had a more basic concern: Who
was healthy enough to run? After inju-
ries knocked out LaShawn Merritt, who
won the individual 400 in Athens, and
Jeremy Wariner, who took the 400 gold
in Beijing, the Americans were already
thin for the relay. Then Manteo Mitchell
fractured his fibula halfway through his
portion of the preliminary heat, hanging
on to finish but obviously not fit to run
in the final.
Watching on crutches, Mitchell saw a
patchwork team get caught by the Ba-
hamas on the final lap as Angelo Taylor,
who finished fifth in the 400 hurdles ear-
lier in the meet,couldn’t hold the lead
for the United States. It was only the
fourth time since 1956 that the Ameri-
cans did not win gold, and Trinidad and
Tobago won the bronze while Oscar Pis-
torius, the South African who became
the first double-amputee athlete to com-
pete in track earlier in the Games, com-
pleted his Olympics by running the an-
chor as the South Africans finished
“I didn’t hold up the tradition in the
4x4,” said Taylor, who was passed by
Ramon Miller in the homestretch. “Un-
fortunately, I didn’t have it today.”
The women’s 4x400 will conclude Sat-
Angelo Taylor after a rare defeat for the United States men’s 4x400-meter relay team. Taylor lost the lead on the final leg Friday, and the team from the Bahamas won the gold medal.
Clean Passes Lead to World Record by American Women
Justin Gatlin anchored the that set a national record of 37.38 sec-
onds in its heat of the men’s 4x100 relay.Jamaica will be a big test Saturday.
From First Sports Page
day with wind so blustery a well-
struck 4-iron still traveled only
145 yards and even short putts
ended up completely blown off
the green, Tiger Woods, his shirt
sleeves and pant legs flapping in
the gusts, faced down the ele-
ments and charged into a three-
way tie for the lead of the P.G.A.
Championship on Friday.
Woods, who shot a one-under-
par 71 while the rest of the field
was averaging close to 78 strokes
for the second round, had the
lead outright until he three-put-
ted the 18th green for his second
bogey of the day.
But Woods finished at four un-
der par,tying him with the first-
round leader,Carl Pettersson,
and his old rival Vijay Singh,
whose 69 was the low score of the
“We were getting blown
around all day,” Woods said. “It
was fun,but it was tough. You
had to allow for the wind on ev-
erything — drives, irons, chips
and putts. The wind controlled
For the third consecutive ma-
jor championship this year,
Woods is in or near the lead after
two rounds. Woods has broken
par in five of the first eight
rounds of this year’s four major
tournaments. It is the weekend
rounds that have been his down-
fall. In six rounds after the half-
way mark at this year’s Grand
Slam tournaments, Woods has
yet to break par.
“I’ve been in this position
many times before in my career,
not just this year,” Woods said
Friday night. “So I’ve been here
before. It is the halfway mark,
and there is a long way to go. If
the weather remains like this, it’s
going to be very tough on every-
“But I’m pleased.Anything un-
der par today is very good,so I
feel very confident.”
Friday’s conditions included 35
mile-an-hour squalls that stag-
gered scores of golfers marching
along the seaside holes of the
Ocean Course. Woods stalked
Pettersson with remarkably pre-
cise putting, needing just 11 putts
on his first nine holes. He has
needed only 48 putts in his two
rounds on the complex and canti-
levered Ocean Course greens.
Pettersson, who began the day
with a two-stroke lead, held off
Woods for most of Friday, then
bogeyed three of his last four
holes to drop out of sole pos-
session of the top spot. Ian Poul-
ter, who shot a one-under 71 Fri-
day, was alone in fourth place,
and Rory McIlroy was one stroke
back of Poulter after an unsteady
The average score of the field
climbed nearly five strokes from
Thursday,when the weather was
hot and the wind calm.But
Woods seemed largely unaffect-
ed until his final hole. He bogeyed
the difficult par-3 eighth hole but
was otherwise robotic with his
driving and creative with his
short game. One chip shot
stopped on the edge of the hole.
Two short putts circled the cir-
cumference of the hole before
dropping in.
“There were no tap-ins;noth-
ing was safe,” Woods said, smil-
ing. “The wind could have blown
a 10-inch putt off line.”
While Woods finished just be-
fore dark, Singh played in the
morning, when the winds might
have been the most fierce.
Singh’s score nearly left the rest
of the morning pairings awe-
Ernie Els, the British Open
champion,called his round of 75 a
good round given the conditions.
“I can’t imagine how good a 69
is,” Els said. “For me, it was an
act of survival out there.”
Singh, 49, conceded they may
have been the most difficult con-
ditions he had ever played in.
“I don’t think we can handle
this for three more days,” Singh
said. “Sure, I shot 69,but if I had
to go back out and play again,
who knows what I’d shoot?”
Singh, a two-time winner of the
P.G.A., fought the wind, which
was often a crosswind, with pre-
cise iron play and strategy off the
“You made a calculation about
how much the crosswind would
affect the flight of the ball,” he
said. “And once you made your
calculation, you had to hit it be-
fore the wind changed.”
Singh hit 11 of 18 greens in reg-
ulation, a success rate of 61 per-
cent on a day when 45 percent
was closer to the norm.
“Vijay’s ball striking is good —
his ball penetrates through even
a wind like the one today,” said
Phil Mickelson.
Mickelson was also that rare
player who broke par Friday,
even though he missed 8 of 14
fairways. With a one-under par
71, he is one over for the tourna-
ment, good enough to keep him in
the top 15. Mickelson, who has
been slumping, also said he felt
confident heading into the final
“It’s a very demanding golf
course,but I like it,” Mickelson
said. “I’m looking forward to the
There were many others who
did not fare as well in the wind
and occasional rain Friday.
Graeme McDowell, who was
third after the first round, shot 76.
Geoff Ogilvy, also tied for third
after the first round, shot 78. John
Daly followed up his first-round
68 with a 77,and Sweden’s Alex
Noren, who shot 67 on Thursday,
shot an eight-over 80 on Friday.
Prominent players who bal-
looned high above par and ap-
pear to be on the wrong side of
the cut line — the entire field had
not finished Friday night — were
the former world No. 1 Lee West-
wood, the United States Open
champion Webb Simpson, Rickie
Fowler and Hunter Mahan.
Martin Kaymer, left, and Tiger Woods, who celebrated a par on the third hole. Woods heads into the third round at four under par.
Woods Tames Conditions and Ties for Lead
Flags showed signs of the 35-
mile-an-hour gusts that pum-
meled the Ocean Course.
Familiar names atop
the leader board, in
unfamiliar conditions.
The N.B.A.’s premier center —
a towering, talented mass of mus-
cle, shot-blocking and bravado —
was fitted for a Los Angeles Lak-
ers jersey Friday, leaving fans of
29 other teams a
small range of emo-
tional options.
Envy is a given.
Anger and despair
are understand-
able. Bewilder-
ment, justifiable.
The Orlando Magic seemingly
had better options than the four-
team trade that sent Dwight
Howard to Los Angeles for a
package of good-but-not-great
players and three first-round
picks of limited potential.
The Magic gained some seren-
ity but lost in every other catego-
ry that matters. The Denver Nug-
gets (Andre Iguodala) and Phila-
delphia 76ers (Andrew Bynum)
got a little better for helping Los
Angeles and Orlando make the
And the Lakers? They simply
landed the best big man of the era
— for the second time in 16 years. In 1996,Shaquille O’Neal left
Orlando for Los Angeles as a free
agent to join a young Kobe Bry-
ant. This time, it is Howard —
O’Neal’s physical and spiritual
heir — who will join an aging Bry-
ant in hopes of extending the Lak-
er dynasty.
The N.B.A. is a parity-con-
scious league, the first to institute
a salary cap, maximum contracts,
a draft lottery, a luxury tax and
an increasingly byzantine array
of rules aimed at dispersing tal-
ent across 30 franchises. The Lak-
ers, in defiance of it all, keep ac-
cruing the best players, exploit-
ing every wrinkle in that array.
So,amid the envy and anger,
there should be room as well for a
little awe and appreciation.
The Lakers have missed the
playoffs just twice in the last 36
seasons. They have hung 10
championship banners since 1980,
with Magic and Kareem passing
the legacy to Kobe and Shaq, who
gave way to Kobe and Pau Gasol.
Each time a championship core
fades, crumbles or self-destructs,
a new one rises. Laker dry spells
(hello, Nick Van Exel, Cedric
Ceballos and Kwame Brown) are
rare and generally brief.
By all indications, the Lakers
— after titles in 2009 and 2010 —
were hurtling toward another rut.
Their last two postseasons ended
in humiliation — a sweep by Dal-
las in 2011 and a five-game beat-
down by the Oklahoma City
Thunder last spring. The Lakers had a deal to ac-
quire the All-Star guard Chris
Paul last December — a trade
that would have gone down as an-
other noteworthy achievement —
but it was vetoed by Commission-
er David Stern, acting in his role
as the de facto owner of the New
Orleans Hornets.
So Bryant pushed his team
through another season, looking
more vulnerable than ever on 33-
year-old knees.
Still, it was Bryant who serene-
ly declared, after losing to the
Thunder in May:“I’m sure we’ll
figure it out. We always have, and
I’m sure we will again.”
He was more right than even
he could ever have imagined.
Last month, the Lakers acquired
Steve Nash, still one of the
N.B.A.’s most dazzling playmak-
ers, to revive a sluggish offense.
Now they have Howard, a three-
time defensive player of the year,
to protect the rim.
Howard never wanted to follow
O’Neal’s path from Orlando to
Los Angeles, or to assume the
legacy of Kareem,Wilt Chamber-
lain and George Mikan. He pre-
ferred the relative comfort of
Brooklyn, where he would find a
clean slate and low expectations.
But Magic officials were never
enamored of the Nets’ assets
(Brook Lopez and draft picks),
nor sufficiently moved by the
combination of prospects, picks
and cap relief offered by Houston.
Nor did Orlando want to take a
chance on the Lakers’ All-Star
center, the 24-year-old Bynum,
with his history of moodiness and
knee problems.
It took the participation of Den-
ver and Philadelphia to make a
deal possible. It took the relent-
less focus of the Lakers’ front of-
fice, led by General Manager
Mitch Kupchak, to put Howard in
purple and gold.
“I told him Los Angeles is the
perfect place for him,” Bryant
told reporters at the Olympics in
London. “Look at history and all
the great centers that have come
to L.A. Now he’s the next in line.”
The Lakers can now claim the
N.B.A.’s best starting backcourt
(Nash and Bryant) and its top
big-man tandem (Gasol and How-
ard), albeit built on 30-something
talents with a small window to
Bryant,who turns 34 this
month,has two years left on his
contract, and perhaps in his ca-
reer. Gasol, 32, also has a contract
expiring in 2014. Nash is signed
through 2014-15 and could help
bridge the eras, from one domi-
nated by Bryant to one built
around Howard.
“Now,” Bryant said, “they have
a player who can carry the fran-
chise well after I’m gone.”
In the meantime, the Lakers
should be brilliantly entertaining
as Bryant chases a sixth ring and
Howard and Nash aim for their
first. It will cost them plenty — an
estimated $70 million in luxury
tax in 2013-14, when the new sys-
tem takes effect, a sum that only
the Lakers and the Knicks could
likely afford.
If it all looks unseemly in the
wake of a lockout that was partly
aimed at competitive balance,
consider this: It took the partici-
pation of two small-market teams
(Orlando and Denver) and one
midmarket team (Phoenix) to
build the Lakers’ new behemoth.
The hand-wringing also ig-
nores the work done by the Lak-
ers to put themselves in this posi-
tion. They used a trade exception
— acquired in a deal for Lamar
Odom last December — to fit
Nash into the payroll. They used
Bynum, who may be the second-
best center in the league,to land
Howard. Bynum, incidentally,
was the Lakers’ last lottery pick,
taken 10th in 2005.
Perhaps the forces of nature
and market size have conspired
to place the best players in Los
Angeles. Or maybe the Lakers
are just better at this game than
everyone else.
BASKETBALL Lakers Again Land Large Piece of Puzzle
Greg Bishop contributed report-
ing from London. By NATE TAYLOR
No one wakes up one morning
and decides to do an Ironman
triathlon. It takes time for the
mind and body to agree on pursu-
ing one of the most daunting
events in sports.
For some, finding enjoyment in
swimming, cycling and running
will lead to the Ironman. Others
love the event for its test of men-
tal toughness. And then there is a
group who gravitate to the sport
after doctors say it will be nearly
impossible for them to partici-
pate in so grueling an activity.
Chris Cleary, Robert Geller and
Johno Goldsmith are among
those who survived life-threat-
ening injuries or illnesses and are
competing Saturday in the Iron-
man United States Champion-
ship, the first Ironman to be held
in the New York metropolitan re-
The nearly 3,000 competitors
know what awaits them at 7 a.m.
when the race begins: a 2.4-mile
open-water swim in the Hudson
River,a 112-mile bike up and
down the hilly Palisades Inter-
state Parkway and a 26.2-mile
run that begins on the parkway
and ends in Riverside Park on the
West Side of Manhattan.
Cleary, Geller and Goldsmith,
who all live in the area, say they
have had many people ask the
same question: after spending so
much time in hospitals, why risk
your life doing the Ironman?
“I think for me,” Cleary said,
“when someone tells me I can’t
do it, I’m going to try to do to it.”
Some sports psychologists be-
lieve there is a correlation be-
tween athletes’ almost dying and
using the experience to find an-
other test of their physical limits.
“Sports have always been
about discovery,” said Eric Zill-
mer, a professor of neuropsychol-
ogy and the athletic director at
Drexel University.“The Ironman
is an individual celebration of life.
I think people are doing cognitive
behavior on themselves by doing
the Ironman because it takes an
amazing commitment.”
In 2007, Cleary was on a busi-
ness trip in Santa Clara, Calif.,
when he was hit by a car in a
parking lot. He sustained a frac-
tured skull, two brain hemor-
rhages and multiple ruptured
disks in his spine. He said doctors
called his wife, Dina, in Skillman,
N.J., who was pregnant with their
third child, to say Cleary might
not make it home.
“I was starting to wither
away,” said Cleary, now 40 and a
vice president at Worldwide
Channel Sales.
After months of minimal im-
provement in bed, Cleary went
against his doctors’ advice and
stopped taking prescription
“As much as the doctors tried
to help, I said,‘I have to figure
out a way to get back to doing
some exercise,’” said Cleary, who
still cannot type with four of his
fingers. At the time, he did not own a bi-
cycle or have running shoes. In
his first workout, he could run for
only one minute before experi-
encing pain. But in six months,
Cleary finished his first triathlon.
He sent a photo of himself cross-
ing the finish line to his doctors.
Goldsmith received a diagnosis
of Hodgkin’s lymphoma when he
was 13 and battled the cancer for
five years. To celebrate the 10th
anniversary of being cancer free,
Goldsmith, now 29, competed in
the Ironman just days after he re-
ceived a master’s degree in busi-
ness administration from Colum-
bia University.
He had begun running for the
first time in years in 2007 and
started swimming in 2010. While
training for his first marathon,
Goldsmith met a man at the gym
who spoke passionately about do-
ing a triathlon. Goldsmith soon
bought a bike and left marathons
for triathlons.
In June, he competed in a half-
Ironman in Galveston, Tex.
“It’s a day when you thrive off
the pain and the experience,”
Goldsmith said. Robert Swoap, a sports psy-
chology professor at Warren Wil-
son College in Swannanoa, N.C.,
said it was natural for someone
like Goldsmith to keep pushing
himself to find a bigger obstacle
to overcome. “That person who has come
through cancer has already fig-
ured out coping strategies for
mental and physical fatigue,”
Swoap said. “They will have the
ability to push through the men-
tal challenges that the Ironman
Geller has Marfan syndrome, a
genetic disorder that can cause
heart problems.After having
open-heart surgery in 2006, he
made a plan with his wife, Gina
Roselli, to exercise together. The
couple finished their first triath-
lon in 2006 and have spent this
summer training for their first
“She really pushes me,” Geller,
40, said of his wife, 42. “She’s
very disciplined. She embraces
my goals,and she helps me deal
with the challenge.”
Roselli, who Geller said is the
better athlete, keeps her husband
on schedule by building their
training routines. Between the
swimming, biking and running,
the two say, the change in their
lifestyle helps them stay ener-
gized and focus on living a
healthy life.
“The training alone for the
Ironman is its own challenge,”
Swoap said. “I think it helps keep
the athlete feel very alive. When
you finish a grueling workout,
that’s one more notch toward
their confidence.”
The couple competed in their
first half-Ironman in Middlebury,
Conn., in June. When Geller fin-
ished, Roselli watched him get on
his knees, overwhelmed with
emotion. “He was so ecstatic to do it,”
she said.
While the two embraced, Gell-
er gave his wife a short message:
“Ironman next!”
Cleary, Geller and Goldsmith
have the same simple goal: finish
the race. The athletes have until
midnight — 17 hours — to com-
plete the event. “I’m on the 16:59 plan,” Cleary
After a broken pipe was fixed
and a discharge of partly treated
sewage was stanched upriver in
Westchester County, tests by
New York City’s environmental
agency found that the racecourse
was safe for swimming, Ironman
organizers said. Race officials
had been concerned that they
might have to cancel the swim
segment of the triathlon if the wa-
ter were deemed contaminated. (AP)
Chris Cleary, 40, who was badly injured when a car hit him in
2007, is looking forward to the Ironman triathlon Saturday.
Confronting New York Area’s First Ironman, Three Who Are Already Survivors
Tyrann Mathieu, the dynamic
Louisiana State defensive back
and a Heisman Trophy finalist
last season, was dismissed from
the football team Friday for vio-
lating an unspecified athletic de-
partment rule.
“We have a simple policy here
of behavior, and consequences
are pretty spelled out and de-
fined,” L.S.U. Coach Les Miles
said Friday at a hastily organized
news conference. “We did what
we could do, but Tyrann Mathieu
is no longer on our team.He vio-
lated team policies.”
Miles declined to specify which
rule, saying that it was a “funda-
mental behavior” violation and
that he agreed with the decision.
At one point, he exhaled, then
said:“We extended ourselves to
the full length of the policy. And
here we go.”
Generally lost amid Mathieu’s
2011 season, in which he was
named an all-American,was his
suspension for L.S.U.’s midsea-
son game against Auburn, re-
portedly for violating L.S.U.’s
drug policies. Nonetheless, he
electrified college football fans
with his spectacular play, which
included six forced fumbles, five
fumbles recovered and four
touchdowns scored — two on
fumble recoveries, two on punt
His personality and playmak-
ing turned Mathieu — 5-foot-9
and 175 pounds — into a col-
legiate star who personified
L.S.U.’s stingy defense in the
team’s run to the Bowl Champi-
onship Series title game, which it
lost to Alabama.
Mathieu, nicknamed Honey
Badger, also gained renown as a
punt returner, helping him in the
Heisman race, which is rarely
hospitable to defensive players.
He looked like a blur during a 92-
yard return against Arkansas,
conjuring images of Charles
Woodson — the only primarily
defensive player to win the Heis-
man —as he deftly avoided tack-
lers. Mathieu finished fifth in the
voting, which was won by Baylor
quarterback Robert Griffin III.
About Mathieu’s one-game
suspension last season, Miles
said Friday, “We extended our-
selves personally and profession-
ally to him,” but, apparently, to no
“For Ty, I think it’s an opportu-
nity for him to redirect,” Miles
said, then added: “I think that he
can really accomplish all the
goals he set for himself. It’s not
going to be easy, but it’s going to
be doable.”
Miles said he expected Ma-
thieu to transfer to a Football
Championship Subdivision col-
lege, where he would be immedi-
ately eligible to play. Mathieu,
who is entering his junior season,
could still hold the N.F.L.’s atten-
tion, and he will be eligible for the
draft after this season.
T.J. McDonald, Southern Cali-
fornia’s all-American safety,said
Mathieu’s situation should warn
younger players.“Follow the
rules, do all the stuff that you’re
supposed to do, and make the
most out of your ability,” McDon-
ald said.
L.S.U., ranked No. 1 in USA To-
day’s preseason coaches poll, has
“similar built, similar cut guys,”
Miles said — like cornerback
Tharold Simon and safety Eric
Reid — who will be challenged to
follow Mathieu’s lead on the field.
“I think he gave us a lot of ex-
amples that we can learn from,”
Miles said. “I think that he’s a
quality, quality guy, who had be-
havior issues. And that’s it. So I
think that certainly the overview
of his time with us is positive.”
From L.S.U.
Is Dismissed
L.S.U. defensive back Tyrann
Mathieu was named an
all-American last season.
Tyrann Mathieu was
suspended for a game
last season.
His family had traveled to the
city, but so had the rain. So Matt
Harvey’s first start in Citi Field
was in some doubt before he took
the mound at 7:10 Friday night
and threw
his first
pitch for a
strike. By then, the skies had
cleared, a nice omen, maybe, for
a team that could use one. Mets fans at the game had al-
ready gotten a glimpse of the fu-
ture, provided they had watched
Harvey’s first three starts on
television over the last two-plus
weeks. In Arizona and San Fran-
cisco, Harvey pitched well; in
San Diego, he did not.
On Friday, Harvey showed he
is a work in progress for the
Mets, who lost, 4-0, to the Atlanta
Braves, with Paul Maholm pitch-
ing a three-hit shutout and the
Mets again falling five games un-
der .500.
In contrast to Maholm, Harvey
struggled early with his com-
mand and ran up his pitch count,
but he did settle down to retire
the last nine batters he faced. He
gave up two runs in six innings
with three strikeouts and five
walks. His one flagrant mistake
— surrendering a two-run home
run to Jason Heyward in the first
inning — was his only real mis-
cue in a decent home debut.
Through four starts, Harvey is
1-3 with a 3.63 earned run aver-
age and 26 strikeouts in 22· in-
“We’ve learned a lot about him
from not seeing him much except
for spring training,” Manager
Terry Collins said after Friday’s
game, adding that he was
pleased to see Harvey correct his
mistakes and finish strong. “His makeup is off the charts,”
Collins said. “There’s a lot of
things I like about him. He’s go-
ing to be a real good pitcher.”
Of course, his own family, and
particularly his father, envi-
sioned Harvey’s future a lot earli-
er than any Mets fans had. A pho-
tograph of him at age 2 hangs on
the refrigerator in his family’s
home in Groton, Conn. He is sit-
ting on his knees beside a ball
field, with a baseball cradled in
his palm, staring into the outfield.
Twenty-one years later, he is in
the majors, staring in for the sign,
a No. 1 pick in 2010, who took the
fast track to Flushing and al-
ready has the assignment of try-
ing to help turn a struggling Mets
team around.
Harvey’s father, Ed, a longtime
baseball coach on the high school
and collegiate level, sat with two
dozen relatives and friends in a
box behind home plate on Friday
night, watching with an expert
eye, rooting with his heart.
When his son emerged from
the bullpen before the game, Ed
Harvey could not even watch be-
cause he was so nervous. He fin-
ished a drink and sat alone on a
railing. He muttered under his
breath after Harvey gave up one
of his walks and groaned when a
Mets batter grounded into an in-
ning-ending double play. As his son worked out of trou-
ble, Ed Harvey sounded as much
like a coach as he did a father.
“You try to learn from it and
build off it,” he said at one point.
“That’s all you can do.”
When Matt Harvey was a boy,
his father caught for him while sit-
ting on a five-gallon spackle buck-
et that he used for laying drywall.
He had learned to play baseball
without gimmicks, and so would
his son. He pitched hardballs to
him when he was 4; he took him to
a major league scouting combine
when he was 15.
Some of this, or all of it, may
have affected Matt Harvey. For in
his relatively short time with the
Mets, he has come across as no-
ticeably even-keeled, older in
some ways than his age.
The rookie Josh Edgin said
that when he asked Harvey if he
was nervous before his first start,
he flatly replied, “No.” In batting
practice at Citi Field this week,
when Harvey blasted two balls
into the left-field seats, he turned
away each time after making
contact, uninterested in following
the flight of the ball, satisfied
with the sound off the bat.
Harvey, a 6-foot-4-inch right-
hander, said he probably devel-
oped this been-here-before ap-
proach from attending so many
of his father’s school practices
and practically being raised in-
side the many team huddles that
he joined.
“I’d look over and when I was
talking to the teams, he was lis-
tening,” his father said. “He
didn’t say anything, but I could
tell, he was listening.”
Harvey said, “I was listening to
the things he had to say, whether
it was how to be a stand-up guy
or how to carry yourself off the
At Fitch High School, Harvey
played for his father and helped
lead the school to a state champi-
onship, his father’s third. After
his senior year in high school,
Harvey was drafted by the Los
Angeles Angels in the third
round, but he turned down a $1
million signing bonus, instead
choosing to attend the University
of North Carolina, where he
hoped a strong collegiate career
would improve his draft status.
At first, the decision seemed
rash to Harvey. In just days, he
went from a millionaire ballplay-
er to a freshman student.
“But Matt probably matured
and grew up more than any other
player I’ve ever coached,” North
Carolina Coach Mike Fox said in
a telephone interview. “I had
doubts about him after his fresh-
man year that he would make it
here. I didn’t think he was men-
tally prepared to go to college.”
Harvey struggled with his
command, and his mechanics
came undone during his sopho-
more year. He learned what ev-
ery pitcher has to — to make ad-
He also pitched to his father
that year, but a lot had changed
since his childhood.
When he fired a pitch that
neared 100 miles per hour, his fa-
ther missed it. The pitch cracked
the 30-year-old spackle bucket
and sent his father to the ground.
Ultimately, Harvey put togeth-
er a strong junior year at North
Carolina, and the Mets selected
him seventh over all in the 2010
draft. Two years later, he won his
major league debut against the
Arizona Diamondbacks, striking
out 11 batters. Afterward, team-
mates doused him in beer.
Soaked, he tossed his father the
game ball.
On Friday night, the ball was
back in his glove, the future slow-
ly unfolding.
Matt Harvey of the Mets pitching in the first inning Friday, when he made his first start at Citi Field and his fourth start over all.
To Harvey and His Father,Promise Has Always Been There
TORONTO — After a hard-
fought, tense and at times emo-
tional series against the Tigers in
Detroit, the Yankees crossed the
northern frontier and played the
way they
against a
club. The battered and injured
Toronto Blue Jays had lost 9 of
their previous 11 games and had
dropped three in a row. The Yan-
kees happily added to their woes
with a 10-4 victory Friday.
The Yankees had been floun-
dering for the last three weeks,
too, but this victory was their
third in a row — a modest win-
ning streak, indeed, but one they
had not reached since just after
the All-Star break. The last time
they had won three in a row was
July 16-18 at Yankee Stadium,
also against the Blue Jays.
Three days after Eric Chavez
declared there was a high level of
concern, the level was back down
to normal.
“I like the way we are playing,”
Manager Joe Girardi said, mak-
ing a comment he could not have
made as recently as Tuesday. “I
like their fight and how they’re
going about their business.”
Although the Yankees never
trailed, the score was fairly close
until the eighth inning,when they
broke open the game. They
scored three runs, one of which
came on designated hitter Mark
Teixeira’s 22nd home run, a tow-
ering drive into the stands in
right field. The Yankees added
four more runs in the ninth, in-
cluding two on a double by Ichiro
Suzuki that was misplayed by the
sloppy Blue Jays.
Suzuki, who started in center
field, drove in five runs in his
most productive game since the
Yankees acquired him from the
Seattle Mariners last month.The
five runs batted in matched a ca-
reer high for Suzuki, although he
had not driven in that many runs
in a game since 2004.
Starter Freddy Garcia, another
former Mariner,pitched a typical
Freddy Garcia game, allowing
two runs and five hits without
walking anyone;he also struck
out four over his six innings. His
only trouble spots came against
Kelly Johnson, who hit a solo
homer in the second and added a
run-scoring double in the fourth.
Garcia did not need to be re-
minded about his poor record at
the domed, carpeted Rogers Cen-
tre; in nine starts there before
Friday,Garcia had only three
wins,and his earned run average
was 6.89.
“I know,” he said when his
track record at the ballpark was
mentioned. “I have a good memo-
ry. I hate this place. Every other
place else has natural grass;they
should all be that way. “This place, the Metrodome,
they should blow them up. Some-
times you give up a routine
ground ball, and it’s a double.
Two runs, six innings in this
place? I’m pretty happy.”
Garcia threw only 78 pitches
but was lifted before the seventh
for Boone Logan.
“That’s the manager’s deci-
sion,” Garcia said. “I want to be
out there, but when they tell you
you’re finished, you’re finished.”
The Yankees scored two runs
against the Blue Jays’ Ricky Ro-
mero, the first left-handed starter
they had seen since Aug. 1,when
they abused Zach Britton of the
Baltimore Orioles for seven runs
in two and two-thirds innings.
Suzuki played center field Fri-
day for the first time since 2008,
when he played 69 games there
for the Seattle Mariners. The sea-
son before that,Suzuki was the
Mariners’ everyday center field-
er and played 155 games there.
Joe Girardi wanted to give Curtis
Granderson a day off, and with
the Blue Jays starting Romero,
Girardi said it was the right time.
Granderson eventually entered
the game for defensive purposes,
and Suzuki moved to right field,
with Nick Swisher going to first
to replace Casey McGehee.
Suzuki performed almost flaw-
lessly in center, except he and
Swisher, who is used to playing
with Granderson in center, had
one near mishap in the seventh
inning. Swisher ducked away two
steps before crashing into Suzuki,
The Yankees’ winning streak
will be tested Saturday as they
hand the ball to Ivan Nova, who
is coming off two atrocious starts.
The Yankees will be watching
very carefully to see if Nova can
regain his form. He has allowed
16 runs and 21 hits over his last
10 · innings,for a staggering
13.94 earned run average.
A pitcher who normally finds a
way to earn wins, Nova has not
won since July 8. He said he had
not lost confidence, and he has
maintained the same upbeat, al-
most carefree attitude since his
last start.
He also said that after watch-
ing tape of his last start, in which
he surrendered 7 runs and 11 hits,
he did not see any mechanical
problems with his windup or de-
livery. He said the main issue had
been his slider and its lack of bite.
JOE GIRARDI was not given a
suspension for his vehement ar-
gument with umpires and his
subsequent ejection on Thursday.
, Girardi’s predecessor
and his manager when he played
for the Yankees, spoke to Girardi
on the phone to get his version of
the incident and ruled that it did
not warrant a suspension. Girar-
di was fined for his outburst. ...
, playing third base
for Toronto on Friday, tied LUIS
, a Hall of Famer and a
fellow Venezuelan,for fifth on the
career assist list,with 8,016.
Robinson Cano singling in the second inning of the Yankees’ win over the Blue Jays on Friday.
Yanks Use
Blue Jays
To Continue
BLUE JAYS 4 By The Associated Press
Manny Machado thrust him-
self into the Orioles’ record book
in his second major league game,
hitting two home runs and driv-
ing in four runs to carry host Bal-
timore past the Kansas City
Royals, 7-1, on Friday night.
After going 2 for 4 in his debut
Thursday, Machado hit a solo
shot in the fifth inning and a
three-run drive in the sixth. Both
homers, to left field,came off
Luke Hochevar (7-10).
At 20 years 35 days old, Macha-
do is the youngest Oriole to have
a multihomer game. Boog Powell
was 20 years 258 days old when
he homered twice against Minne-
sota in May 1962.
RED SOX 3, INDIANS 2 Clay Buch-
holz (10-3) pitched a two-hitter,
and Cody Ross’s two-run homer
broke a 1-1 tie in the sixth inning
for visiting Boston.
Danks’s first major league homer
ended the game in the ninth,
completing Chicago’s rally from a
three-run deficit.
Jackson hit an inside-the-park
home run and a triple to lift vis-
iting Detroit.
RAYS 12, TWINS 6 Matt Joyce hit
a two-run homer and a two-run
double as visiting Tampa Bay
won its ninth game in 12.
PADRES 9, PIRATES 8 Chase Hea-
dley homered from both sides of
the plate for the first time and
drove in five runs, rallying vis-
iting San Diego from a 7-1 deficit.
REDS 10, CUBS 8 The rookie Todd
Frazier doubled twice and drove
in four runs as Cincinnati won at
Chicago, ending a season-high
losing streak at five games.
Halladay (6-6) pitched eight in-
nings to win his second straight
start, and Chase Utley hit a tie-
breaking, two-run homer in the
eighth for host Philadelphia.
Ramirez had three hits and drove
in two runs in his first appear-
ance against host Miami, which
traded him to Los Angeles last
gusevic’s single broke a 3-3 tie in
the ninth for host Houston.
ROUNDUP Orioles Rookie
Homers Twice
For a Record
The Giants were the worst rush-
ing team in the league in 2011 with
89.2 yards a game, a slice of the 157.4
they averaged during their 2007 Su-
per Bowl season. Against the Jag-
uars on a sticky humid night (100-
degree heat index),a perfect night
to run between the tackles,five
backs gained 126 yards. D.J. Ware looked the best (six
carries for 30 yards), banging off
tackle David Diehl’s back at the
2-yard line, then reversing course
and driving into the end zone. That put the Giants up by 10-7
with 41 seconds to play in the first
quarter and sent Eli Manning to the
Coughlin is an old-school coach with
an old-school mind-set. So it makes
sense that his off-season talking
point has revolved around the Gi-
ants getting back to the basics of
running the football better. That included using a first-round
draft pick on the speedster David
Wilson and letting the erratic Bran-
don Jacobs walk — all in the hopes
of reinventing a ground game that
had faded into the league’s worst. The verdict after Friday night’s
32-31 loss to the Jaguars:there is
work to be done to satisfy Coughlin. bench for the night. Manning fin-
ished 4 of 8 for 60 yards. His lone
pass into the end zone had Jaguars
cornerback William Middleton beat-
en by a couple steps, but Jerrel Jer-
nigan tried to one-hand it and never
had control. The Giants settled for a
34-yard field goal by Lawrence
“I thought there were some good
things,” Manning said. “We had a
nice third-down conversion. We con-
verted on that turnover and went
down and got a touchdown. Those
are the types of things you do in the
preseason that you want to carry
over to the regular season.”
The ground game, for all of the
preseason talk about balance, had
an up-and-down showing against
the Jaguars’ first-team defense. Ahmad Bradshaw, the only prov-
en runner in a backfield, could not
gain more than 4 yards on any of his
four carries.
Ware also had a nifty 16-yard gain
to the Jacksonville 12 that set up a
David Carr-to-Marcellus Bennett
touchdown. Carr also threw a 5-yard touch-
down lob to Isaiah Stanback, who
made a one-handed grab while fall-
ing out of bounds that put the Gi-
ants up,24-7,with 2 minutes 40 sec-
onds left before halftime.
Wilson, the first-round pick from
Virginia Tech, led the Giants in
rushing (seven carries, 43 yards),
but didn’t get a carry until the third
quarter. Defensive end Justin Tuck
said that the Giants came out too
“tentative,” but that was still good
enough to limit the Jaguars to one
touchdown against the starters.
They forced two turnovers in the
opening half, including a strip of
Cecil Shorts by defensive back
Prince Amukamara that led to a
touchdown. Jaguars quarterback Blaine Gab-
bert went directly at Amukamara
on the first series, beating him in
zone coverage on a 29-yard pass to
Mike Thomas, and again on a 3-yard
touchdown pass to Shorts. “It felt good to be out there,” said
Amukamara, who missed most of
last season with a broken foot. “I
know I need to earn my teammates’
respect so I can be trusted out
there. Those were mental errors I
made out there on the long drive,
but my teammates came right to me
and told me I need to have a short
new coach Greg Schiano,Tampa
Bay scored touchdowns on its first
two possessions in a 20-7 preseason
victory over host Miami.
The rookie Ryan Tannehill had a
promising debut for Miami, com-
pleting 14 of 21 passes for 167 yards.
David Garrard was scheduled to
start for Miami but is expected to be
sidelined two to four weeks for ar-
throscopic knee surgery.
Jeff Wolfert’s 45-yard field goal with
28 seconds left lifted visiting Cleve-
land to a 19-17 win over Detroit, but
receiver Mohamed Massaquoi exit-
ed with a head injury.
Charles took a solid hit to the left
knee he hurt last year on his very
first carry but bounced back to help
host Kansas City beat Arizona, 27-17.
Two other key starters who sat out
last season after —
safety Eric Berry and tight end
Tony Moeaki — also played with no
apparent problem.
Eager to Run, Giants Still Go to the Air
The Giants’ Jason Pierre-Paul
diving for a fumble by Blaine
Gabbert on Friday.
7:10 Atlanta (Medlen (R), 2-1, 2.37) at Mets (Santana (L), 6-7, 3.98)
4:05 Cincinnati (Arroyo (R), 7-7, 4.05) at Chicago (Wood (L), 4-8, 4.77)
4:05 Colorado (Pomeranz (L), 1-6, 4.76) at San Francisco (Cain (R), 10-5, 3.01)
7:05 San Diego (Marquis (R), 7-10, 5.47) at Pittsburgh (Burnett (R), 14-3, 3.19)
7:05 St. Louis (Westbrook (R), 11-8, 3.76) at Philadelphia (Lee (L), 2-6, 3.78)
7:05 Milwaukee (Estrada (R), 0-5, 4.13) at Houston (Keuchel (L), 1-4, 5.60)
7:10 Los Angeles (Blanton (R), 8-9, 4.52) at Miami (Nolasco (R), 8-11, 4.95)
8:10 Washington (Jackson (R), 6-7, 3.56) at Arizona (Miley (L), 12-7, 2.85)
1:07 Yankees (Nova (R), 10-6, 4.81) at Toronto (Laffey (L), 3-2, 4.39)
6:05 Boston (Morales (L), 3-2, 3.14) at Cleveland (McAllster (R), 4-4, 3.60)
7:05 Kansas City (Mendoza (R), 5-8, 4.36) at Baltimore (Tillman (R), 5-1, 2.38)
7:10 Oakland (Blackley (L), 4-3, 3.66) at Chicago (Liriano (L), 3-10, 5.03)
7:10 Tampa Bay (Price (L), 14-4, 2.49) at Minnesota (Blackburn (R), 4-7, 7.42)
8:05 Detroit (Verlander (R), 12-7, 2.51) at Texas (Holland (L), 7-6, 5.18)
9:05 Seattle (Iwakuma (R), 2-3, 4.20) at Los Angeles (Haren (R), 8-8, 4.44)
Cincinnati ab r h bi bb so avg.
Cozart ss 6 0 1 1 0 1 .246
Stubbs cf 6 1 1 0 0 1 .231
B.Phillips 2b 6 2 2 0 0 0 .295
Ludwick lf 5 4 3 2 1 0 .266
Paul rf 4 1 1 0 2 0 .367
Frazier 1b 4 1 3 4 1 1 .273
Valdez 3b 5 0 1 0 0 0 .216
Mesoraco c 4 0 1 0 1 0 .218
Chapman p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
H.Bailey p 3 0 1 1 0 0 .143
Arredondo p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Leake ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .250
Marshall p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
LeCure p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Broxton p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Hanigan c 1 1 1 0 0 0 .274
Totals 45 10 15 8 5 4
Chicago ab r h bi bb so avg.
DeJesus rf 4 2 2 1 1 0 .264
Barney 2b 5 2 3 0 0 0 .270
Rizzo 1b 4 1 1 0 1 1 .299
A.Soriano lf 5 0 1 3 0 2 .268
S.Castro ss 4 0 2 2 1 1 .275
Vitters 3b 5 1 1 0 0 1 .133
B.Jackson cf 3 1 0 0 1 2 .118
W.Castillo c 4 1 2 2 0 0 .271
Germano p 2 0 1 0 0 1 .167
Al.Cabrera p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
LaHair ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .261
Beliveau p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Camp p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Valbuena ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .206
Corpas p 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Totals 38 8 13 8 4 8
Cincinnati 023 003 011—10 15 0
Chicago 102 001 220—8 13 5
LOB—Cincinnati 13, Chicago 7. 2B—
Cozart (24), B.Phillips (21), Ludwick (21), Frazier (18), DeJesus (20), A.Soriano (25), S.Castro (15), W.Castillo 2 (4). HR—
Ludwick (20), off Germano. RBIs—Cozart (26), Ludwick 2 (60), Frazier 4 (47), H.Bailey (5), DeJesus (28), A.Soriano 3 (69), S.Castro 2 (56), W.Castillo 2 (9). SB—Stubbs (27), B.Phillips (9), Paul (3), A.Soriano (5), S.Castro (18). Cincinnati ip h r er bb so np era
H.Bailey W10-7 5
9 4 4 2 5 104 4.08
Arredondo Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 6 2.56
Marshall Í/¯
1 2 2 1 0 14 2.89
LeCure H5 Î/¯
1 0 0 0 0 8 3.02
Broxton H3 Î/¯
2 2 2 1 0 21 9.00
Chapman S26-30 1
0 0 0 0 3 20 1.31
Chicago ip h r er bb so np era
Germano L1-2 5
7 6 4 2 2 91 4.26
Al.Cabrera Í/¯
2 2 2 2 0 21 12.00
Beliveau 1 1 0 0 0 2 16 2.16
Camp 1 2 1 1 1 0 28 3.63
Corpas 1 3 1 1 0 0 15 3.81
T—3:56. A—36,891 (41,009).
Kiawah Island Golf Resort (Ocean Course)
Purse: $8 million
Yardage: 7,676; Par: 72
Note: One player, Joost Luiten (+1 through 17 holes), failed to finish the round due to darkness; will finish second round Saturday morning.
Second Round Completed Scores (Cut is +6)
Vijay Singh. . . . . . . . . . .71-69—140 -4
Tiger Woods. . . . . . . . . .69-71—140 -4
Carl Pettersson. . . . . . . .66-74—140 -4
Ian Poulter. . . . . . . . . . .70-71—141 -3
Jamie Donaldson. . . . . . .69-73—142 -2
Rory McIlroy. . . . . . . . . .67-75—142 -2
Aaron Baddeley. . . . . . . .68-75—143 -1
Adam Scott . . . . . . . . . .68-75—143 -1
Blake Adams . . . . . . . . .71-72—143 -1
Trevor Immelman. . . . . . .71-72—143 -1
Graeme McDowell . . . . . .68-76—144 E
Phil Mickelson. . . . . . . . .73-71—144 E
Peter Hanson . . . . . . . . .69-75—144 E
Tim Clark. . . . . . . . . . . .71-73—144 E
Gonzalo Frnandez-Castano 67-78—145 +1
Francesco Molinari. . . . . .70-75—145 +1
Zach Johnson. . . . . . . . .72-73—145 +1
Marcel Siem. . . . . . . . . .72-73—145 +1
Pat Perez. . . . . . . . . . . .69-76—145 +1
Martin Laird . . . . . . . . . .71-74—145 +1
Ben Curtis . . . . . . . . . . .69-76—145 +1
John Daly. . . . . . . . . . . .68-77—145 +1
Keegan Bradley. . . . . . . .68-77—145 +1
Scott Piercy . . . . . . . . . .68-78—146 +2
Miguel Angel Jimenez. . . .69-77—146 +2
Fredrik Jacobson. . . . . . .71-75—146 +2
K.T. Kim. . . . . . . . . . . . .69-77—146 +2
K.J. Choi . . . . . . . . . . . .69-77—146 +2
Padraig Harrington. . . . . .70-76—146 +2
Bo Van Pelt . . . . . . . . . .73-73—146 +2
Marc Leishman . . . . . . . .74-72—146 +2
Greg Chalmers . . . . . . . .70-76—146 +2
Gary Woodland. . . . . . . .67-79—146 +2
Ryo Ishikawa. . . . . . . . . .69-77—146 +2
Geoff Ogilvy. . . . . . . . . .68-78—146 +2
Atlanta ab r h bi bb so avg.
Bourn cf 2 1 0 0 3 0 .288
Prado lf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .293
Heyward rf 4 1 1 2 0 0 .269
F.Freeman 1b 4 1 1 0 0 0 .279
Uggla 2b 2 1 1 2 2 1 .217
J.Francisco 3b 4 0 0 0 0 1 .252
D.Ross c 3 0 1 0 1 1 .273
Janish ss 4 0 0 0 0 0 .188
Maholm p 3 0 0 0 0 3 .068
Totals 30 4 4 4 6 7
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
An.Torres cf 4 0 0 0 0 1 .238
Tejada ss 4 0 0 0 0 1 .318
D.Wright 3b 3 0 0 0 0 0 .324
Hairston rf 3 0 1 0 0 0 .264
Dan.Murphy 1b 3 0 1 0 0 0 .302
R.Cedeno 2b 3 0 0 0 0 2 .284
Bay lf 3 0 0 0 0 0 .152
Ro.Johnson c 3 0 1 0 0 0 .250
Harvey p 1 0 0 0 0 0 .333
Ju.Turner ph 1 0 0 0 0 0 .286
R.Ramirez p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Edgin p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Rauch p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Parnell p 0 0 0 0 0 0 ---
Valdespin ph 1 0 0 0 0 1 .250
Totals 29 0 3 0 0 5
Atlanta 200 000 020—4 4 1
New York 000 000 000—0 3 0
E—Maholm (2). LOB—Atlanta 6, New York 2. 2B—D.Ross (4), Hairston (18), Ro.Johnson (2). HR—Heyward (19), off Harvey; Uggla (13), off Edgin. RBIs—
Heyward 2 (56), Uggla 2 (58). S—Maholm. DP—Atlanta 2
Atlanta ip h r er bb so np era
Maholm W10-7 9 3 0 0 0 5 95 3.50
New York ip h r er bb so np era
Harvey L1-3 6 2 2 2 5 3 101 3.63
R.Ramirez 1 0 0 0 1 2 14 4.22
Edgin Î/¯
2 2 2 0 1 17 3.38
Rauch Í/¯
0 0 0 0 0 4 3.32
Parnell 1 0 0 0 0 1 12 3.11
T—2:24. A—25,101 (41,922).
East W L Pct GB
Yankees 66 46 .589 —
Baltimore 61 52 .540 5
Tampa Bay 60 52 .536 6
Boston 56 58 .491 11
Toronto 53 59 .473 13
Central W L Pct GB
Chicago 61 50 .550 —
Detroit 61 52 .540 1
Cleveland 52 61 .460 10
Minnesota 49 63 .438 12
Kansas City 48 64 .429 13
West W L Pct GB
Texas 65 46 .586 —
Oakland 60 52 .536 5
Los Angeles 59 53 .527 6
Seattle 51 62 .451 15
Yankees 10, Toronto 4
Boston 3, Cleveland 2
Baltimore 7, Kansas City 1
Detroit 6, Texas 2
Chicago White Sox 4, Oakland 3
Tampa Bay 12, Minnesota 6
Seattle at L.A. Angels
East W L Pct GB
Washington 69 43 .616 —
Atlanta 65 47 .580 4
Mets 54 59 .478 15
Philadelphia 51 61 .455 18
Miami 51 62 .451 18
Central W L Pct GB
Cincinnati 67 46 .593 —
Pittsburgh 63 49 .563 3
St. Louis 61 52 .540 6
Milwaukee 51 60 .459 15
Chicago 44 67 .396 22
Houston 37 77 .325 30
West W L Pct GB
San Francisco 61 51 .545 —
Los Angeles 61 52 .540 {
Arizona 57 55 .509 4
San Diego 50 64 .439 12
Colorado 40 69 .367 19
Atlanta 4, Mets 0
Cincinnati 10, Chicago Cubs 8
San Diego 9, Pittsburgh 8
Philadelphia 3, St. Louis 1
L.A. Dodgers 5, Miami 2
Houston 4, Milwaukee 3
Washington at Arizona
Colorado at San Francisco
Thursday's Games
Washington 7, Buffalo 6
Philadelphia 24, Pittsburgh 23
Baltimore 31, Atlanta 17
New England 7, New Orleans 6
San Diego 21, Green Bay 13
Denver 31, Chicago 3
Friday's Games
Cincinnati 17, N.Y. Jets 6
Jacksonville 32, N.Y. Giants 31
Tampa Bay 20, Miami 7
Cleveland 19, Detroit 17
Kansas City 27, Arizona 17
San Francisco 17, Minnesota 6
New York 12 7 5 41 40 34
Houston 11 6 7 40 35 27
Sporting KC 12 7 4 40 28 21
D.C. 11 7 3 36 35 27
Chicago 10 7 5 35 25 24
Montreal 9 13 3 30 35 43
Columbus 8 8 4 28 20 21
Philadelphia 7 11 2 23 22 24
New England 6 11 5 23 26 28
Toronto FC 5 13 4 19 25 40
San Jose 13 5 5 44 45 28
Real Salt Lake 13 8 3 42 35 28
Seattle 10 5 7 37 31 22
Vancouver 9 7 7 34 26 28
Los Angeles 10 11 3 33 39 39
Chivas USA 7 8 5 26 14 21
Colorado 8 14 1 25 29 32
FC Dallas 5 11 8 23 26 32
Portland 5 12 5 20 20 37
Friday’s Games
New York 2, Houston 0
Rexall Centre
Third Round
Richard Gasquet (14), France, d. Tomas Berdych (4), Czech Republic, 6-4, 6-2. Mardy Fish (11), United States, d. Juan Monaco (7), Argentina, 2-6, 6-1, 6-4. Janko Tipsarevic (5), Serbia, d. Marin Cilic (10), Croatia, 6-2, 6-4. Novak Djokovic (1), Serbia, d. Sam Querrey, United States, 6-4, 6-4. Marcel Granollers, Spain, d. Jeremy Chardy, France, 6-1, 6-4. Tommy Haas, Germany, d. Radek Stepanek, Czech Republic, 2-6, 6-4, 6-1. John Isner (8), United States, d. Philipp Kohlschreiber (12), Germany, 6-7 (3), 6-4, 6-4.
Janko Tipsarevic (5), Serbia, d. Marcel Granollers, Spain, 6-4, 6-4. Richard Gasquet (14), France, d. Mardy Fish (11), United States, 5-7, 6-1, 6-2. John Isner (8), United States, d. Milos Raonic (16), Canada, 7-6 (9), 6-4. Novak Djokovic (1), Serbia, d. Tommy Haas, Germany, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3.
Uniprix Stadium
Second Round
Caroline Wozniacki (7), Denmark, d. Kiki Bertens, Netherlands, 7-5, 6-1. Angelique Kerber (6), Germany, d. Ekaterina Makarova, Russia, 6-3, 6-3. Tamira Paszek, Austria, d. Victoria Azarenka (1), Belarus, vs. 3-3, retired
Third Round
Petra Kvitova (5), Czech Republic, d. Marion Bartoli (9), France, 6-1, 6-1. Lucie Safarova (16), Czech Republic, d. Sam Stosur (4), Australia, 7-6 (9), 7-6 (5). YANKEES 10, BLUE JAYS 4
New York ab r h bi bb so avg.
Jeter ss 5 1 2 0 0 0 .314
Swisher rf-1b 5 2 2 1 0 0 .263
Teixeira dh 5 1 1 1 0 0 .257
Cano 2b 4 2 2 1 1 0 .317
An.Jones lf 3 1 0 0 1 1 .220
Ibanez ph-lf 1 1 1 1 0 0 .247
J.Nix 3b 4 1 1 0 0 1 .260
R.Martin c 3 1 1 0 1 0 .199
I.Suzuki cf-rf 5 0 2 5 0 0 .262
McGehee 1b 3 0 0 0 1 1 .111
Granderson cf 1 0 0 0 0 0 .242
Totals 39 10 12 9 4 3
Toronto ab r h bi bb so avg.
R.Davis lf 3 0 0 0 1 0 .255
Rasmus cf 4 0 1 0 0 0 .248
Sierra rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 .350
Encarnacion 1b 4 0 0 0 0 0 .285
Y.Escobar ss 4 1 1 0 0 1 .251
Cooper dh 4 1 2 0 0 0 .287
K.Johnson 2b 4 1 2 2 0 1 .234
Vizquel 3b 2 0 0 0 0 1 .214
Y.Gomes ph-3b 2 0 1 0 0 1 .176
Mathis c 4 0 1 1 0 1 .219
Gose rf-cf 4 1 1 0 0 2 .218
Totals 35 4 9 3 1 7
New York 021 000 034—10 12 0
Toronto 010 100 011—4 9 2
E—Mathis (1), Gose (1). LOB—New York 8, Toronto 5. 2B—Swisher (27), I.Suzuki (19), K.Johnson (14). HR—Teixeira (22), off Delabar; K.Johnson (13), off F.Garcia. RBIs—Swisher (57), Teixeira (76), Cano (66), Ibanez (51), I.Suzuki 5 (39), K.Johnson 2 (43), Mathis (18). SB—Gose 2 (4). S—J.
Nix. DP—New York 1
New York ip h r er bb so np era
F.Garcia W6-5 6 5 2 2 0 4 78 4.85
Logan H15 Î/¯
0 0 0 0 1 10 3.46
Chamberlain H1 Í/¯
1 1 1 0 0 12 8.31
D.Robertson 1 0 0 0 1 0 14 2.63
Rapada Î/¯
2 1 1 0 1 19 2.87
Eppley Í/¯
1 0 0 0 1 12 3.16
Toronto ip h r er bb so np era
R.Romero L8-9 7 4 3 2 3 2 98 5.32
Delabar 1 4 3 3 0 0 25 4.25
D.Carpenter Î/¯
3 4 4 1 1 27 54.00
Lincoln Í/¯
1 0 0 0 0 7 0.00
T—3:08. A—41,610 (49,260).
Auto Racing 11:30 a.m. Sprint Cup, Series at The Glen, qualifying ESPN2
2:15 p.m. Nationwide Series, Zippo 200 at the Glen ABC
Baseball 1:00 p.m. Yankees at Toronto MLB, YES
2:00 p.m. Little League World Series, Midwest regional, final ESPN
4:00 p.m. Little League World Series, Northwest regional, final ESPN
6:00 p.m. Little League World Series, N. England regional, final ESPN
7:00 p.m. Atlanta at Mets SNY
8:00 p.m. Little League World Series, West regional, final ESPN
8:30 p.m. Detroit at Texas MLB
Cycling 4:00 p.m. Tour of Utah MSG+
Football / N.F.L. 7:00 p.m. Houston at Carolina NFL NET
(Preseason) 10:00 p.m. Tennessee at Seattle NFL NET
Golf 11:00 a.m. P.G.A. Championship, third round TNT
2:00 p.m. P.G.A. Championship, third round CBS
Lacrosse / M.L.L. 7:00 p.m. Boston at Ohio CBSSN
Soccer 1:55 p.m. World Challenge, Real Madrid vs. Celtic ESPN2
Softball Noon Softball Senior League, final ESPN
Tennis 6:30 p.m. U.S. Open Series, Rogers Cup ESPN2
Olympics 10:00 a.m. Men's soccer, final, Mexico vs. Brazil NBCSN
10:30 a.m. Men's field hockey, Australia vs. Britain MSNBC
Noon Women's basketball, Australia vs. Russia MSNBC
Noon Women's track and field, 20- walk NBCSN
1:45 p.m. Modern pentathlon MSNBC
3:00 p.m. Men's field hockey, final, Germany vs. Netherlands MSNBC
3:30 p.m. Women's handball, final, Norway vs. Montenegro NBCSN
3:30 p.m. Men's boxing, gold medal bouts CNBC
4:00 p.m. Women's basketball, final, U.S. vs. France NBC
(taped) 8:00 p.m. Track and field, men's diving, women's volleyball NBC
This Week
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7 p.m.
7 p.m.
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1 p.m.
7 p.m.
CH. 9 TV Highlights
More listings are at, under the Sports-Events category.
CINCINNATI — This was early in
their preseason opener Friday
night, after the Jets failed to record
a first down on their opening offen-
sive series. For a brief moment,
their punt team
had 10 people on
the field. It was
missing a very
important player. It was missing its
personal punt protector. It was
missing Tim Tebow.
“I’ve got to remember that bet-
ter,” Tebow said.
This is the Jets’ new world, one
that they created after acquiring
this Swiss Army knife of a football
player in March. They interpreted
this exhibition game against the
Cincinnati Bengals, a 17-6 defeat,
less as an unleashing than an un-
veiling, an occasion for the Jets to
audition all that is new (and alleg-
edly improved) about them this sea-
son — their offensive system, their
touted draft picks and, yes, a certain
well-known backup quarterback. Glitches overshadowed bursts of
promise. The first-team offense
foundered. Their first-round draft
pick, defensive lineman Quinton
Coples, flourished. And when it was
over, despite a tepid beginning to
the Tony Sparano era as offensive
coordinator, Tebow had left a clear
impression — that he will emerge as
an asset for the Jets this season, be
it as a punt protector or an elusive
running threat or something else
entirely. That is the intrigue about this
grand experiment, the fulcrum of
the Jets’ season — how Mark San-
chez and Tebow can co-exist, shar-
ing snaps and scrutiny. Neither
quarterback was particularly sharp
passing the ball on a night when
their offensive line struggled to pro-
vide adequate protection.Sanchez
completed 4 of 6 throws for 21 yards,
Tebow 4 of 8 with 27 yards and an in-
terception, a poorly thrown ball that
fluttered far wide of the intended
target, Jeff Cumberland.
But the enduring image is of
Tebow evading three defenders on a
third-and-8, scrambling 14 yards.
That dash up the middle — which al-
most certainly would have been
blown dead during the controlled
no-contact environment of training
camp — extended a drive that pro-
duced the Jets’ only points in the
first three quarters, a 42-yard field
goal by Josh Brown. Tebow ran for
34 yards on 4 carries.
Coach Rex Ryan praised
Tebow’s poise, saying:“If you want
to come after him, you better get to
him.In time, he’ll kill you running,
and that’s what he did.”
Tebow was more matter-of-fact.
“I just tried to break through and
make a play,” he said.
The Jets have yet to install their
entire offense, which is among the
reasons why their deployment of
Tebow was so restrained: no Wild-
cat plays, no fake punts, no trickery.
Just a series of snaps from (mostly)
under center.
Tebow entered the game to a sub-
dued reaction from the crowd at
Paul Brown Stadium: some cheers,
some boos, a lot of apparent indif-
ference when his name was an-
nounced. On his first play, Tebow ri-
fled a 12-yard pass over the middle
to the rookie Stephen Hill, whose
nice grab was overshadowed by his
drop later on what would have been
a first down. Steering the Jets’ offense on 14
plays, Sanchez amassed 20 net
yards, enduring without Santonio
Holmes and Jeremy Kerley, two of
his top three receivers. They went
three-and-out on two consecutive
drives, saved only by a first down
gained by a Cincinnati penalty. San-
chez characterized the Jets’ run-
ning game (11 yards on five carries
by the starter Shonn Greene) as
“sluggish.” “You know it’s the first presea-
son game — trying to shake the
dust off and get back in the swing of
things,” Sanchez said, in quotes dis-
tributed by the Jets’ media relations
department at halftime. A revealing moment — the turn-
ing point, if there was such a thing
— came 22 seconds before halftime,
long after Sanchez and the starting
offense had retreated to the side-
line, their brief workday complete.
The Jets, pinned deep in their own
territory on fourth down, failed to
protect punter T.J. Conley, whose
kick was blocked and recovered in
the end zone for a Cincinnati touch-
down. Under normal circumstances,
and as he had twice done earlier in
the evening, Tebow would have
been shielding Conley, embracing
one of the many roles — some illu-
minated, others not — that he will
assume this season. EXTRA POINTS
, a valuable spe-
cial teams contributor, injured his
knee and hip on punt coverage and
was awaiting results of magnetic
The Jets’ Tim Tebow was 4 of 8 passing, with one interception, in a preseason loss Friday night. In Opener,
Jets Unveil
Instead Of Unleash BENGALS 17
HARRISON, N.J. (AP) — The re-
cently signed Tim Cahill got his first
M.L.S.point with an assist on Mar-
kus Holgersson’s goal,and the Red
Bulls moved into first place in the
Eastern Conference with a 2-0 win
over the Houston Dynamo on Fri-
day night.
The win kept the Red Bulls (12-
7-5) undefeated at home at 8-0-3 and
vaulted them atop the East with 41
points, one ahead of Houston and
Sporting Kansas City.
Jan Gunnar Solli tapped in a
cushion goal in the second minute of
extra time off an assist from for-
ward Thierry Henry for the final
The loss ended a five-game win-
ning streak and an eight-game un-
beaten stretch for Houston (11-6-7).
Taking a cross from the left near
goalkeeper Tally Hall in the 61st
minute, Cahill, who came over July
26 from English Premier League
club Everton, headed it across
Hall’s front to a surprised Holgers-
son. The defender put it into the
open net for his second goal of the
Red Bulls Move Into First With Win
AUDI A4 2009,conv,10,400miles
Silver,original owner,garaged,mint.
Pricedtosell.Must see.
$28,500/neg.Call 917-930-4665
Autos/Vans/Sport Utilities 3720
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