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МОЙ ДРУГ КОМПЬЮТЕР 2 2015

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Cai;tT: getmusicbee .com
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Ecm1 )l(e Bbl nOCTaBI.-1Te Ye110BeKa nOA npSIMOi'l C011HeYHbli'l CBeT, n011YYII1TCSl COBepweHHO HeKpaCII1BaSl KapTII1HKa.
LlaCTb 11111U,a ┬лyKpaCII1T┬╗ orpOMHaSl Tpeyr011bHaSl TeHb OT
pa3Mb1T 6011bwe, YeM, K npii1Mepy, np111
<<Mbl11bH111U,aMII1┬╗ CTapai'!TeCb 111Cn011b30BaTb npll1611111)1(eHII1e
HOCa, a ma3a, Ha KOTOpble 11Sl)l(eT TeHb OT BeK 111 6posei'!,
B TOV! cTeneHII1, noKa OHO ew,e ocTaeTCSl onTII1YeCKII1M: c
onpeAe11eHHOrO MOMeHTa MHOrll1e KaMepbl 111Cn011b3YIOT
npespaTSITCSl B YepHble AbiPbl. EAII1HCTBeHHOe cnaceHII1e
B TaKOi'l C111ryau,111111 - 111CKaTb n110THYIO TeHb OT AepeBbeB
U,111┬вlpOBOe npii1611111)1(8HII1e, a OHO nOpTII1T KaY8CTBO CHII1MKa.
C A111a┬в>parMOi1 TO)I(e OC06biX C110)1(HOCTei1 HeT. LleM
111 CHII1MaTb 111MeHHO TaM, HO, BO-nepBbiX, Bbl 6yAeTe
)l(eCTKO orpaHII1YeHbl B n11aHe MeCT, CIO)I(eTOB 111 Q:>OHOB, a
6011bW8 OHa OTKpbiTa, TO eCTb YeM MeHbWee 3HaYeHII1e
A111a┬в>parMbl ycTaHOB11eHo, TeM Cll111bHee pa3MbiT ┬в>oH. Ha-
BO-BTOpbiX, B n011HOi1 TeHII1 CBeTa MO)I(eT 6biTb MMOBaTO,
OC06eHHO ec11111 Bbl CHII1MaeTe Ha ┬лMbl11bH111U.Y" 11111111 Aa)l(e
npii1Mep, Ha A111a┬в>parMe 5.6 3MH111i1 n11aH 6yAeT pa3Mb1T
Cll111bHee, YeM Ha 8.0. EC11111 Bbl 111Cn011b3yeTe KapMaHHYIO
3epKa11bHYIO KaMepy CO WTaTHbiM 06beKTII1BOM.
KorAa )l(e 11yYwe CHII1MaTb nopTpeTbi? 111Aea11bHOe spe-
KaMepy, B KOTOpOi'! HeT p8)1(111MOB C pyYHbiMII1 HaCTpOi1KaMII1, ycTaHOBII1T8 CIO)I(eTHYIO nporpaMMY <<nopTpeT>>
MSI - 6m1)1(e K 3aKary, a TOYHee, 3a
2-2,5
Yaca AO Hero.
(06biYHO 0603HaYaeTCSl nii1KTOrpaMMOi1 C 111306pa)l(eHII18M
8 3TO BpeMSl C011HU,e nOCTeneHHO HaYII1HaeT CaAII1TbCSl,
CBeT CTaHOBII1TCSl MSlrYe 111 np11106peTaeT Ten11bli'l OTTeHOK.
11111u,a Ye11oseKa Ha A111CKe pe)I(II1MOB 11111111 s MeHIO). B 3TOM
C11yYae KaMepa caMa ycTaHOBII1T 6o11ee-MeHee OTKpbiTYIO
LleM 3TO BblrOAHO? Bo-nepBbiX, K011111YeCTBO 111 o6beM
A111a┬в>parMy.
BblwenepeYII1C11eHHble napaMeTpbl ( ┬в>oKycHoe paccTo-
TeHeBbiX yYaCTKOB Ha npll1pOAe cyw,eCTBeHHO B03pacTaeT- C011HeYHbli'l cseT naAaeT noA 6o11ee no11or111M ymoM.
80-BTOpbiX, OCBeW,eHII1e CTaHOBII1TCSl He TaKII1M )l(eCTKII1M,
111 3a yac-no11TOpa AO no11Horo 3aKaTa ~e MO)I(HO 6yAeT
SlHII1e 111 A111a┬в>parMa) HanpSIMYIO onpeA811SliOTCSl KaMepoi/1 C
ee HaCTpOi'!KaM111111 06beKTII1BOM, a BOT paCCTOSIHII18 OT MOA811111 AO Q:>oHa OT BaWII1X ┬вl111HaHCOBbiX B03MO)I(HOCTei1 He
CHII1MaTb Ye110BeKa Ha npSIMOM C011HeYHOM CBery. TeHII1
3aBII1CII1T. OnSITb-TaKII1, YeM 6o11bwe paccTOSIHII1e OT MOA811111
OT HOCa CMSlrYaiOTCSl, ma3a 611aroAapSl APYroMy ymy
AO Q:>OHa, TeM Cll111bHee OH 6yAeT pa3MbiT. npeACTaBbTe,
naAeHII1Sl cseTa y)l(e He npespaw,aiOTCSl B YepHble Ablpbi.
8-TpeTbli1X, Ha 3aKaTe MO)I(HO CHII1MaTb npOTII1B C011HU,a:
pa3H111U,a B OCBeW,eHHOCTII1 Me)I(Ay CBeT11biMii1 111 TeMHbiMII1
yYaCTKaMII1 ~e He TaK se11111Ka. A ec11111 ew,e B3SlTb noMow,HII1Ka CO CBeTOOTpa)l(aTe11eM ...
0CH0Bitl KOMn03HIL\HH nOp1'p8TG
YYII1TbiBaTb 11111 npas11111a KOMn03111U,II1111? Aa, Aa 111 ew,e
pa3 Aa. npe)I(Ae scero - 111Cn011b3yi1Te npas111110 30110Toro
ceYeHII1Sl. Ha c11yYai1, ec11111 Bbl ew,e He3HaKOMbl c HII1M, no-
YTO n03M111 OT MOAe11111 npii1MepHO B
2-3 MeTpax HaXOASIT-
CSl rycTble 3apoc11111. Aa)l(e caMble Aopor111e o6beKTII1Bbl 111
┬в>oToannapaTbl He no3B011SIT n011HOCTbiO 111x pa3Mb1Tb. Ho
CTOII1T OTBeCTII1 OT HII1X MOAe11b Ha
20-30 MeTpOB,
KaK Aa)l(e
610A)I(8THbli'l WTaTHbli'l 06beKTII1B o6ecneYII1T KpaCII1BYIO 111
<<rlly6oKy10┬╗ KapTII1HKY, Ha KOTOpOi'! 06b8KT CbeMKII1 6yAeT
SIBHO OTAe11eH OT 3MHero n11aHa. Aa)l(e <<Mbl11bH111U,a┬╗ npoAeMOHCTpll1pyeT, YTO 111 C ee nOMOW,biO Q:>OH M0)1(8T XOTb
HeMHOro pa3Mb1BaTbCSl.
np111 Ha11111YII1111 CB8TOCII111bHOrO 06beKTII1Ba, KOTOpbii'! no-
1.8,
CMOTPII1Te Ha 111111110CTpaU,II110.
3B011SleT ycTaHOBII1Tb TaKII1e 3HaYeHII1Sl A111a┬в>parMbl, KaK
KaK BII1AII1Te, 11111HII1111 nepeCeKaiOTCSl B YeTblpex TOYKax.
TaK BOT: 111MeHHO 3TII1 YeTbipe TOYKII1 npii1HSITO CYII1TaTb
6biTb caMbiM KP111TII1YHbiM napaMeTpoM. Tenepb r11asHoe-
U,eHTpaMII1 BII13YMbHOro BHII1MaH111Sl; 111MeHHO HeAa11eKO OT
HII1X 11yywe scero pacno11araTb maBHbli'l o6beKT CbeMK111,
paBHOMepHOCTb U,BeTa ┬в>oHa. nyywe scero CMOTPII1TCSI
OAHOTOHHbli'l 11111111 6111113KII1i1 K 3TOMY Q:>OH, )l(e11aTe11bHO
s AaHHOM c11yYae - o6beKT.
3e11eHoro 11111111 )l(e11TOBaToro u,seTa.
BnpOYeM, 6biBaiOT Cll1ryaU,111111, KOrAa pa3Mb1BaTb 3MH111i1
Ec11111 Bbl CHII1MaeTe 11111u,esoi1 11111111 norpyAHbli'l nopTpeT,
OK0110 OAHOV! 1113 BepXHII1X TOYeK A011)1(eH HaXOA111TbCSl ma3
2.0
11111111 XOTSI 6bl
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n11aH He HY)I(HO. Hanpii1Mep, Bbl XOTII1Te CHSITb nopTpeT
Ye11oBeKa, Ha KOTOPbli'! Bbl yMbiW11eHHO Ae11aeTe aKu,eHT.
Ec11111 )l(e Bbl CHII1MaeTe noSlcHoi'l 11111111 pocTosoi'l KMP. TO
nepeA 8i1┬в>e11esoi1 6awHei1 11111111 B0311e KaKoi1-HII16YAb
Q:>aKrypHOi'l CTeHbl. 8 TaKOi'l C111ryau,111111 Aei'ICTByeM CTpO-
6111113KO K OAHOi'!ll13 sepXHII1X TOYeK A011)1(H0 6b1Tb 11111U,O. 3TO
ro Hao6opoT: A111a┬в>parMy YYTb npii1KpbiBaeM, a MOAe11b
nOABOA111M n0611111)1(e K Q:>oHy, HaCK011bKO 3TO B03MO)I(H0.
npaBII1110, KOHeYHO, He AOrMa: 111HOrAa ero MO)I(HO 111 H~HO
HapywaTb, npii1YeM 11yYw111e KMPbl 3aYacryiO no11yYaiOTCSl
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C HapyweHII1eM MHOrii1X npaBII111. TeM He MeHee HaYII1Ha-
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Wll1pOKOyr011bHbl~ 06beKTII1B 11111111 WTaTHbl~ 3yM , y KOTOpOrO
MII1HII1MaJlbHOe Q>p 18 MM (All~ ┬лKpona┬╗ ) 11111111 28 MM (All~
no11Horo KaApa) . B c11yYae c ┬лMbl11bHii1L\aMII1 ┬╗ npocTo Bbl6111paeM caMoe wll1poKOyr011bHOe no11o>t<eH111e o6beKTII1Ba .
A KaK Tll1nopa3Mep ceHcopa (MaTpii1U,bl) KaMepbl s11111~eT
Ha cTeneHb pa3MbiTII1~? Ha ct>oTorpact>111~x c OAII1HaKoso~
KOMn03111L\111e~ 111 ┬лKpynHOCTbiO ┬╗ MOAe11111 B KaApe 6011bWe
6yAeT pa3MbiT cPOH Ha TOM CH111MKe , KOTOpbl~ CAe11aH
no11HOKaAposo~ KaMepo~ (pa3Mep ceHcopa no n110W,aA111
paBeH KaAPY 35-MM n11eHK111), a He << KpOnHYTO~ ┬╗ MOAe11biO
(To ecTb c MeHbWII1M no n110ll.\aAII1 ceHcopoM). Bee oYeHb
npocTo: Ha n011HOKaAPOBO~ KaMepe All~ no11yYeHII1~ Toro
>Ke MaCWTa6a 111306pa>t<eHII1~ (np111 npOYII1X OA111HaKOBbiX HaCTpO~Kax) A011>KeH 111Cn011b30BaTbC~ 06beKTII1B C 6011bWII1M
(BO CT011bKO pa3, BO CK011bKO MeHbWe n110W,aAb CeHCOpa
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APS-C, - s 1,5-1 ,6 pa3a, a c ceHcopoM Four Thirds - s
ABa pa3a. 3TII1 YII1C11a 111 eCTb TOT CaMbl~ npeC110BYTbl~
<<Kpon-ct>aKTOp>>.
TeXHHII8CKH8 TOHKOCTH C1o8MKH
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cPOKYCII1pOBKII1 no OAHO~ TOYKe (11YYWe no L\eHTpa11bHO~ ,
nOCK011bKY TaM BCerAa 6011ee YYBCTBII1Te11bHbl~ AaTY111K)
HaBOA111M ee Ha ma3, Han0110BII1HY Ha>K111MaeM KHOnKy
cnycKa (TaK Ha3biBaeMoe no11yHa>KaT111e) 111 >t<AeM, noKa
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CTaHOBII1TC~ 3e11eHO~ 111 KaMepa nOAaeT 3BYKOBO~ Cll1rHan).
EC11111 CBeTa MHOrO, TO 3TO 3a~MeT A01110 CeKyHAbl , ec11111
MallO - MO>KeT y~TII1 2-3 CeKYHAbl. B COBCeM n110XII1X yc110BII1~X, B03MO>KHO , 111 BOBCe He YAaCTC~ CcPOKYCII1pOBaTb-
C~. TOrAa nonpo6y~Te npOCTO CMeHii1Tb MeCTO 11111111 YYTb
nosepHYTb MOAe11b K CBeTy. B KaYeCTBe a11bTepHaTII1Bbl
nonpocii1Te Ye11oseKa B3~Tb B PYKii1 M0611111bHbl~ Te11ect>oH
111 nOACBeTII1Tb ce6e 111111..\0 .
noc11e TOrO KaK KaMepa CcPOKYCii1p0BaJlaCb, Bbl MO>KeTe,
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caMII1 4YTb 1113MeHII1Te csoe no11o>t<eH1-1e B npocTpaHCTBe ,
1111160 4e110BeK ycTaHeT CTOflTb 111 HeMHOrO CAB111HeTCfl , 111
B 111TOre cPOKYC nOnaAeT, CKa>KeM , Ha YWII1 , a He Ha ma3a .
KcTaTII1, ew,e Ma11eHbKII1~ coseT: ec11111 Bbl np111o6pe11111
CBeTOCII111bHbl~ 06beKTII1B, TO eCTb TaKO~, y KOTOpOrO
MII1HII1Ma11bHOe All1act>parMeHHOe 4111C110 - 2 . 8 , 2 . 0, 1 . 8
11111111 Aa>Ke MeHbwe ( 1.4, 1.2), He 111Gn011b3Y~Te 3TO caMoe
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06beKTII1B 6yAeT 1111160 HeAOCTaTOYHO pe30 K, 1111160 6yAeT
pa3Mb1BaTb 06beKTbl Ha 3aAHeM nllaHe He CaMbiM 3CTeTII1YHbiM o6pa30M. HeMHoro npii1Kpo~Te A111act>parMy- Ha
CTyneHb 11111111 XOTfl 6bl 2/3 CTYneHII1. Hanpli1Mep, Allfl 06beKTii1Ba CO CBeTOC~110~ 1.4 3TO 6YAYT YII1C11a 2.0 111 1.8, Allfl
1.8-2.5 111 2.2, a All~ 2.0-2 .8 111 2 .5 .
KaK pa6oTaTb c HclCTPO~KaM111? npll1 A011>KHbi X HaBbiKax o6paw,eHII1fl c KaMepo~ 111 3HaHII1111 Toro , KaK Ha
He~ BK1110YaiOTC~ TaK Ha3biBaeMble TBOpYeCKII1e pe>KII1Mbl , peKOMeHAyeM Bbl6paTb << np1110p111Te T A111act>parMbl ┬╗
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ycTaHaB11111BaeTe nOAXOAflW,II1e 3HaYeHII15l A 111 act>parMbl 111
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B COOTBeTCtBII1111 C KllaCCii1YeCKII1M npaBII1110M 6e3onaCHO~
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Aflii1HHee 1/ 80-1 / 100 c.
A YTO Ae11aTb, ec11111 aBTOMaTII1Ka npeAJlaraeT 6o11ee
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25
MACTEPCKA7=1
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27
MACTEPCKA7=1
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