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1. Mark Twain 2. Birthplace of Mark Twain 3. Mother of Mark Twain 4. Father of Mark Twain 5.Brothers of Mark Twain 6. Youthful years 7. Childhood of Mark Twain 8.
Сидякина Мария Вячеславовна: студентка Алатырского технологического колледжа Минобразования Чувашии Специальность: Земельно – имущественные отношения. 2 курс, 213 группа. Руководитель работы: преподаватель английского языка Михалькова Татьяна Леонидовна. Алатырь 2015 1. Mark Twain 2. Birthplace of Mark Twain 3. Mother of Mark Twain 4. Father of Mark Twain 5.Brothers of Mark Twain 6. Youthful years 7. Childhood of Mark Twain 8. The death of Sam’s father 9. New York 10. Pilot’s license 11. Career as Mark Twain 12. Family life of Mark Twain 13. Residence of Samuel 14.Children of Mark Twain 15. Virginia City Territorial Enterprise 16. Famous books of Mark Twain 17. Quotes By Mark Twain 18. Bankruptcy with debts 19.Returning to the USA 20. Two personal losses 21. The death of Mark Twain 22. My opinion about Mark Twain Mark Twain. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens, but he is better known by his pen name Mark Twain. One of the most important figures in American literary history it holds a unique position in American literature. He was not only a great writer, he was also a famous humorist Birthplace of Mark Twain He was born in Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835. He was the son of storekeeper-lawyer father. His father’s name was John Marshal Clemens. His mother’s name was Jane Lampton Clemens. Mother of Mark Twain The writer's mother Jane Lampton Clemens, was a very kind and sincere person, she was the idol of the writer. Samuel inherited from her amazing sense of humor and extraordinary emotional sensuality. Father of Mark Twain Father of Mark Twain, John Marshal was simple, for several years kept a shop. Brothers of Mark Twain He had two brothers: Orion – he was the eldest and Genry – he was the youngest. Childhood of Mark When he was four years old, his family moved to the small town of Hannibal. Here, the future writer spent his childhood. He was a troubled boy, despite his poor health, to 9 years boy already smoked. Youthful years Sam never finished elementary school because of his father’s death. John Clemens died when Sam was about 12 years old. But Samuel got his education chiefly in the school of experience and from his keen observation of people and events common to the western bank of the Mississippi River. The death of Sam’s father In 1847, the death of Sam’s father, brought an end to his carefree days. He had to go to work at the age of 12 as a printer’s apprentice. In three years he went to work as a printer for his brother Orion, publisher of the Hannibal Journal. Samuel worked for his brother Orion as foreman, sub-editor, a feature writer and doubtlessly learned a good deal about writing. A worker from Scotland (his name was Machfarlane) made Sam be interested in literature. He read a lot. New York When he was 17, Samuel left Hannibal and wandered east-ward as far as New York. Pilot’s license At the age of 21, Samuel returned to the river to realize an old ambition, he wanted to be a Mississippi River steamboat pilot. And in 1857, after 18 months’ apprenticeship as pilot of the steamboat, which was called “PAUL JONES”, Samuel Langhorne Clemens earned his own steamboat pilot’s license. Career as Mark Twain In 1861, when the Civil War between the Southern or Confederate States of America and the Northern part of America began and disrupted Mississippi River traffic, Samuel Clemens’ career as a steamboat pilot ended. But at the same time his career as Mark Twain, the writer, was about to begin. Family life of Mark Twain In 1870 he married Olivia Langdon, the sister of his friend Charles Langdon, whom he met during the cruise. Children of Mark Twain Twain had 4 children: 3 daughters and a son, Lengdone, who died in 1872 at the age of 2. Residence of Samuel 1871, Twain with his family settled in Hartford, Connecticut. This town was not only rich and comfortable, but lived an intense life. Virginia City Territorial Enterprise Nevada’s leading frontier newspaper, it was called the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise, printed several of Samuel’s colourful and humorous sketches of frontier life and finally offered him a job as an editor. Within two years he was known throughout the western frontier as the “ Wild Humorist of the Pacific Slope ”. Famous books of Mark Twain By December 1864, Mark Twain was forced to leave Virginia City after he and rival newspaper tried to settle a difference of opinion by fighting a duel. He went from Virginia City to San Francisco, a city shill caught up in the excitement of gold fever. While there he published a miner’s yarn, “ The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras Country “. The tale was an immediate success and it made the name of Mark Twain famous all over the USA. Famous books of Mark Twain It was in Hartford, In the years between 1871 and 1891, that Twain wrote his two masterpieces: “ The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” (1876) and “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” (1884). These novels – together with other Twain writting of the period: “A Tramp abroad” – 1886, “The Prince and the Pauper” – 1882, “Life on the Mississippi” – 1883, and “A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court – 1889, are felt by many critics to mark the beginning of modern American literature. Famous books of Mark Twain All of Twain’s books are modeled from the days of his past; in most of them he is the hero. “Roughing It” and “Life on the Mississippi” are almost completely autobiographical; “ The Innocents Abroad” caricaturizes the gullible American tourist; “The Prince and the Pauper” expresses Twain’s hatred of injustice and of the need for mercy. Famous books of Mark Twain As he grew older, Twain grew increasingly depressed and disillusioned by what called “Its damned human race”, and her later works such as “Pudd’nhead Wilson” (1899) and “The Mysterious Stranger” ( published posthumously in 1916) mirror his growing bitterness. “The Mysterious Strange”, his last book, is an allegory that suggests that life is in reality only a dream. Quotes By Mark Twain A banker is a fellow who lends you his umbrella when the sun is shining, but wants it back the minute it begins to rain. A classic is something that everybody wants to have read and nobody wants to read. A human being has a natural desire to have more of a good thing than he needs. A lie can travel halfway around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes. A man cannot be comfortable without his own approval. All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence; then success is sure. Always acknowledge a fault. This will throw those in authority off their guard and give you an opportunity to commit more. Always do right. This will gratify some people and astonish the rest. An enemy can partly ruin a man, but it takes a good-natured injudicious friend to complete the thing and make it perfect. An Englishman is a person who does things because they have been done before. An American is a person who does things because they haven't been done before. Bankruptcy with debts Twain’s success as an author, public speaker, husband and father, was not reflected in his choice of business investments. In April 1894, he declared bankruptcy with debts totaling $ 94,000. Nevertheless, by 1898, true to his Midwest code of ethics Twain had paid off all his obligations, although during those 4 difficult intervening years he had endured the added burden of ill health and the death of his daughter, Suzy. Returning to the USA As the height of his fame, Twain and his family returned to the USA after nine years of self imposed exile. His popularity was so great that he was deluged with honours and invitation to lecture, and by the turn of the twentieth century, he was one of the best known public figures in the USA, and worldfamous as well. Two personal losses The joy of his success, however, was dulled by two personal losses: the death of his wife in 1904 and his young daughter Jean, five years later (Suzy died at the age of 25). Twain had 4 children: 3 daughters and a son, Lengdone, who died in 1872 at the age of 2. The death of Mark Twain Mark Twain died on April 21, 1910 from quinsy. Mark Twain is buried in the cemetery Woodlan in Elmira (new York state).After the death of Mark Twain there are plenty of books. “I came in with Harlley’s Comet in 1835. It is coming againe next year, and I expect to go out with it”. My opinion about Mark Twain Mark Twain left his mark upon American literature. The stories he told still delight millions of people around the world. What he wrote was full of the gusto of the west and the colourful life he had known intimately and recorded as a student of human nature and the common life. What he left as an added legacy is the inspiration of a man, who rose above setbacks and tragedy to carry on, sustained by his indomitable spirit of creativity. I think that Маrk Twain was really a great poet. He was “for all time”. I suggest to my friends to read his great works. 1.Уч. И.П. Агабекян «Английский для средних профессиональных заведений» -Ростов н/Д.: Феникс, 2012. 2. И.Ю. Баканова. Н.В.Береговая. «600 устных тем по английскому языку» Издательство «Дрофа». Москва. 2005 г. 3.Уч. А.С. Восковская, ТА. Карпова «Английский язык для средних специальных учебных заведений» Ростов н/Д.: Феникс, 2012 . 1. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Марк 2.http://factopedia.ru/person/mark-tven. 3. http://tsitaty.org/ 4. http://mark-twain.ru 5. http://mark-twain.ru/pictures.html