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Король Георг VI

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Презентация "Король Георг VI"
Черепанов Игорь Евгеньевич
Уральский государственный колледж им. И. И.
Ползунова
Экономическое отделение
2-й курс
Руководитель: Коровкина Татьяна Владимировна
King George VI
Early life
King George (Albert Frederick Arthur George) was born on
14 December 1895 at Sandringham in Norfolk.
He was the second son of the Duke of York, later George V.
His father, king Georg V, had six children.
His eldest son, Edward, was the next in line to be king.
Albert was only second child.
Early life
His youth was not easy.
Though affectionate with his mother, affection was not
always returned, and his father was harsh and critical.
His tutors forced him to write with his right hand, though
he was naturally left handed.
Albert developed a stammer around age 8, and suffered the
indignity of wearing leg braces to correct his knock knees.
Four kings: Edward VII (far right), his son George, Prince of Wales,
later George V (far left), and grandsons Edward, later Edward VIII
(rear), and Albert, later George VI (foreground)
Military career and education
As Albert did not expect to become
king, he chose the Navy.
In 1909, he graduated from the Royal
Naval Academy at Osborne, but finished
at the bottom of his class in the final
exam.
Despite this, Albert progressed to the
Royal Navy Academy at Dartmouth and
then joined the Royal Navy as a
midshipman.
Military career
During World War I, he served on the HMS Collingwood, and saw
action at the inconclusive Battle of Juteland in May 1916.
In 1919, he joined the Royal Air Force and was certified as a
pilot.
He was the first member of the royal family to be certified as a
fully qualified pilot.
Education
In October 1919, Albert went up to Trinity College, Cambridge,
where he studied history, economics and civics for a year.
In 1920, he was created Duke of York and began to take on
royal duties.
His stammer, and his embarrassment over it, together with his
tendency to shyness, caused him to appear much less
impressive than his older brother, Edward.
However, he was physically active and enjoyed playing tennis.
He played at Wimbledon in the Men's Doubles with Louis Greig
in 1926
Marriage
In 1926 he met for the first time since
childhood Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the
youngest daughter of the Earl and Countess of
Strathmore and Kinghorne.
He became determined to marry her.
She rejected his proposal twice, in 1921 and
1922, reportedly because she was reluctant
to make the sacrifices necessary to become a
member of the royal family.
Elizabeth Bowes Lyon at the age of seven.
Marriage
After a protracted courtship, Elizabeth
agreed to marry him.
In 1923, Albert married Lady Elizabeth
Bowes-Lyon, youngest daughter of the
14th Earl of Strathmore.
They had two daughters, Elizabeth and
Margaret.
1932, Princess Elizabeth and Margaret Rose with parents Boy
Scouts on parade at Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Abdication and a Reluctant King
In 1936 King George died.
1936 became “the year of three kings”.
In January, after his father’s death, Edward,
his eldest son, became king.
In December he refused from the throne and
his younger brother, Bertie took his place.
Three Kings: Edward, Prince of Wales (Edward VIII 1936), HM George V
(1910-1936) and Albert, Duke of York (George VI 1936-1952)
Stammering King
Because of his stammer, Albert dreaded public speaking.
He began to see Lionel Logue, an Australian-born speech
therapist.
The Duke and Logue practised breathing exercises, and the
Duchess rehearsed with him patiently.
Subsequently, he was able to speak with less hesitation.
Lionel Logue, Australian speech and language
therapist
Early reign
The growing likelihood of war in Europe
dominated the early reign of George VI.
George supported Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain's policy of appeasement towards
Germany and Italy.
Feeling war was a possibility, King George and
Queen Elizabeth visited the United States in
June 1939, and forged a strong friendship
with President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
On the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Coronation
World War II
In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland,
violating the Munich Agreement, and war was
declared.
With the help of his speech therapist and his
wife, King George successfully made one of
the most important speeches of his life,
announcing to the citizens of Britain that the
country was at war.
The royal couple were resolved to stay in
London at Buckingham Palace, despite
intense German bombing raids.
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in rubble after
Buckingham Palace was bombed
World War II
When Churchill became Prime Minister, the
Royal Family were not fans, but soon the King
and Churchill developed a close and essential
relationship as Britain fought for its life.
Every Tuesday for four and a half years from
September 1940, the two men met privately
for lunch to discuss the war in secret and with
frankness.
King George and Winston Churchill
World War II
Throughout the war, the King and Queen
provided morale-boosting visits throughout
the United Kingdom, visiting bomb sites and
munitions factories, and in the King's case
visiting military forces abroad.
He went to France in 1939 to inspect the
British Expeditionary Force, and to North
Africa in 1943 after the victory of El Alamein.
George VI (left) with Field Marshal Montgomery (centre),
Belgium, October 1944
Illness and death
During the post-war years, the stress of war
began to catch up with King George VI and his
health began to deteriorate rapidly.
Around this time, his daughter, Princess
Elizabeth, the presumptive heir, began to take
on some of his royal duties.
On the morning of February 6, 1952, at the
age of 56, George VI was discovered dead in
bed.
Funeral: The cortege and coffin of King George VI passes
Horse Guards Parade.
Legacy
Despite his reluctance to be king, George VI was a
conscientious and dedicated sovereign who
assumed the throne at a time when public faith in
the monarchy was at an all-time low.
During his reign, George VI endured the hardships
of war and the transition from an empire to a
commonwealth of nations, and restored the
popularity of the British monarchy.
Список использованных источников информации
• George VI [Электронный ресурс]; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia –
Режим доступа: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_VI
• George VI (r.1936-1952) [Электронный ресурс] : History of the Monarchy The House of Windsor; The official website of the British Monarhy. – Режим
доступа:
http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensoftheUnitedKin
gdom/TheHouseofWindsor/GeorgeVI.aspx
• King George VI [Электронный ресурс] : History. – Режим доступа:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/king_george_vi
• George VI Biography [Электронный ресурс]; A&E Television Networks. –
Режим доступа: http://www.biography.com/people/george-vi-9308937
• Lionel Logue: Pioneer speech therapist 1880-1953 [Электронный ресурс];
Caroline Bowen's website. – Режим доступа: http://www.speech-languagetherapy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=53:lionel&catid
=11:admin&Itemid=122
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