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ОГБОУ СПО «Смоленского педагогический колледж»
Wales
Студент: Настаева Ангелина Игоревна
Отделение: «Дизайн», курс :2
Руководитель проекта: Ильющенкова Елена Николаевна
1) Geographical position
2) Flag, coat of arms and national
symbols
3) Government
4) Climate
5) Cities of a Wales (Cardiff, Newport,
Swansea)
6) Transport and economy
7) Sights
Wales covers about 10 per cent of
the island of GB, but has only about
5 per cent of the population of the
United Kingdom.
Wales
is
located
in
the
southwestern part of GB and is one
of 4 regions of the United Kingdom.
On all sides except the East, it is
surrounded by water, including the
Straits of St. George, Bristol
channel and Irish sea. By land, the
region is bordered by several
English counties, and the main
ethnic groups living on its territory,
are Welsh and English.
The flag incorporates the red dragon and
green and white colors - family colors Tudor.
Was first raised by Henry VII in 1485 at the
battle of Bosworth, the Flag was officially
recognised by the Welsh national flag in 1959.
Historical coat of arms of the Kingdom of
Gwynedd, was the basis for the Royal badge
of Wales, approved in 2008 for the National
Assembly for Wales. Also used by Charles,
Prince of Wales, as the coat of arms of the
Principality of Wales.
Wales has two national
symbols — the daffodil and
the leek.
Yellow daffodil is the
national flower of Welsh. It
is attached to the clothing
on the day of St. David, on
the 1st of March. Perhaps
the daffodil became the
symbol of Wales in the
confusion in translation, as
in the Wales leek and the
daffodil are denoted by one
word.
As part of GB, Wales elects of the 650
members of the House of Commons. The
country’s daily administration is carried out by
the National Assembly in Cardiff, the capital of
Wales. The head of the National Assembly is
appointed by the British Prime minister and is
a member of the Cabinet.
Due to the fact that the region is open to the
Atlantic winds, it has a pronounced sea climate.
Winter in Wales not too frosty (temperature of -5
degrees), windy and wet. Summer is rainy and
cool, and thermometer, as a rule, does not rise
above +20.
The Cambrian Mountains cover about two-thirds
of Wales. The highest peak in the country,
Snowdon reaches 1,085 meters. Coastal plains and
river valleys cover about a third of the country.
The longest rivers are the Severn and Wye, which
both empty into the Bristol Channel. Wales has 3
national parks – Snowdonia, the Brecon Beacons,
and the Pembrokeshire Coast.
The largest city in Wales and its
capital is Cardiff, which had
become the leading industrial
center of the region in 1905. Today,
it represents an impressive sea
port, host dimensional ocean
vessels, as well as cultural,
educational and administrative
centre of Wales. Мany important
museums, educational institutions,
cultural and historical attractions.
In 2002 Newport received the
official status of city in honor of
gold anniversary of Queen Elizabeth
II.
The
same
year
during
construction Art Centre about the
river bank Usk the medieval ship
was found. This ship is the only
vessel of this kind which lived up to
now. One more sight of the city is
the house of Tredegar House.
Throughout five centuries this
building was the house of a family
Morgan, one of the greatest
dynasties of Wales.
Initially the city was a point of trade of
Vikings who Sveinney named the city. In
1804 in Swansea one of the very first
passenger railroads in the world was
constructed. Despite rather solid age of
the
city,
except
a
historical
arrangement of streets, in Swansea
didn't remain practically anything from
a medieval era. In 1969 in honor of
receiving the prince of Wales by the
prince Charles of a title, Swansea
received the status of the city.
The largest urban areas in Wales are Cardiff,
Swansea, and Newport, all located on the
southern coast. Today, the economy of Wales
depends primarily on manufacturing and service
industries. In Wales a well-developed nonferrous and ferrous metallurgy.
Between the towns of Wales excellent bus and
rail links. Very popular with residents and
visitors of the United Kingdom is an Expressway
that connects Swansea, Cardiff, Newport and
London. Directly in the city as public transport
are buses, but the locals usually prefer bikes.
The National museum of Cardiff
founded in the 1912th year is a
component of larger National
museum of Wales discovered five
years before. Arnold Danbar Smith
and Cecil Brewer were builders of
the
building.
The
museum
collections including exhibits of
archaeological,
botanical,
geological and art character settle
down in the building of the
Central library of Cardiff. In art
gallery of the museum there is
one of the impressionistic and
post-impressionistic collections of
pictures, finest in Europe. Here it
is possible to admire Renoir,
Monet, Van Gogh's works, Jan Van
de Kapelle and many others.
Cathedral St. David’s
was founded in 1181
year. The architectural
appearance
of
the
building has evolved
over several centuries.
In the XIII century
Cathedral of St. David
suffered considerable
damage
after
the
earthquake, in the
middle of the XIV was
added to the Episcopal
Palace, in the early
sixteenth-century
appeared the Chapel of
the Holy Trinity.
Situated on the banks of the river Taff city Park
capital of Wales is Cardiff was founded in 1873 year
as garden areas the local castle, owned
marchionesses Beat. The main attractions of the
Park are the ruins of the monastery, the mill Leat
and the local arboretum. The recreation area is
decorated with stone and metal sculptures.
The headland of great Orme rises above the town of
Llandudno. To go up to him on the bus, departing from
the outskirts of the city; down - by cable car or on foot.
From the headland of the great Orme offers scenic views
of the river and the Bay. On the hills there is a natural
history Museum and the Museum under the open sky,
formed on the basis of ancient mines.
Built in the XIII century on the orders of Edward I, the
castle was conceived as a symbol of English domination
of Wales. Massive walls, built in the shape of an
irregular eight, and polygonal towers were crowned
with statues of eagles and contained, multi-coloured
stripes. To have survived only the outer part of
Carnarvon, from the inside leaving only the
Foundation.
The family residence of
the Lord Aberconway was
surrounded by a wonderful
garden in the distant 1875
year. Since 1949, the first
year blooming area is
protected by the National
trust. The upper part
Bodnath
looks
Italian
terraces,
the
bottom
consists of intricate paths
and thickets of exotic and
European fruit plants and
flowers.
Wales is often called "the land of song". Wales is
a country of poets and singers with a literature
that dates back more than 1,000 years and an
ancient choral music tradition. A festival
featuring musicians, poets, and singers, is held
twice a year.
I enjoyed working at this presentation.
If I ever have a chance to personally
see and experience the history,
traditions, architectural monuments
and constructions, I will be very glad
and will not miss an opportunity to
make a couple of sketches.
http://investuk.ru/wales/symbols/
http://www.rutraveller.ru/place/6239
http://www.rukivnogi.com/great_britain/wales/
http://vorotila.ru/Otdyh-turizm-oteli-kurorty/Gorod-Llandidno-Uels-i164677
http://phototravelguide.ru/dvorcy-zamki-kreposti/karnarvon-uels/
http://dardasphoto.com/wordpress/england-wales-scotland/sony-dsc-958/
http://www.leonardo-travel.ru/tours/country-2/tours/248/
http://www.russianlondon.com/aboutuk/attractionw.html
http://forum.sherwood-tavern.net/viewtopic.php?id=2610
http://thebeautifulplaces.info/dostoprimechatelnosti-uelsa/
http://otpusk21.ru/puteshestvie-v-velikobritaniya/dostoprimechatelnosti-uelsa
http://www.beyondthebeauty.com/css/wales-flag-buy
http://www.yestour.ru/countries/anglia/page-2/
http://travelgeo.info/evropa/velikobritanija/993-ujels-obshhie-svedenija.html
http://www.tourister.ru/world/europe/united-kingdom/region/wales
http://www.nice-places.com/articles/europe/britain/67.htm
http://library.kiwix.org/wikipedia_ru_all/A/html/W/a/l/e/Wales.html
http://adelanta.info/encyclopaedia/city/wales/
Автор
akenel
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