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Written Word Lives
for Centuries
Студент: Агафонова Марина Александровна.
Отделение: «Дизайн», курс :2
Руководитель проекта: Ильющенкова Елена Николаева
Written Word Lives for Centuries
 Medieval period
 Norman period (XI-XIII)
 The Renaissance
 Elizabethan period – Golden Age
history
 Restoration
 Bourgeois literature
 Romanticism
 Critical Realism
 XIX- XX century
in English
Beowulf (dated by VIII century)
The most significant of the
surviving works of AngloSaxon poetry.
Beowulf is the unique sample of
the medieval heroic epic. The
manuscript is kept in the British
Museum in London, and was
first published in 1893.
The development of English literature is closely
connected with the conquest of the country by the
Normans. In 1066 William the Conqueror and his
army defeated Anglo-Saxon army in the battle of
Hastings and invaded Britain.
French became the official language -- the language
of the ruling class: it was the language of the
Parliament, it was spoken at Court and at schools.
Anglo-Saxon language (spoken by the native
population) went through significant changes.
Geoffrey Chaucer – “the
father of English poetry”
and the creator of
standard
English
Chaucer’s
name
is
connected
with
his
“Canterbury Tales”, the
stories told by pilgrims,
travelling around the
country.
This
masterpiece shows a
vivid picture of the
medieval life.
A new stage in poetry
begins – it is given the
leading role.
One of the most
prominent writers of
that
epoch
was
famous humanist and
politician
Thomas
More, known for his
“Utopia” (1516)
Main features:
 The development of English humanism;
 Rise in literature;
 Expressions of humanistic cheerfulness;
 Mix of medieval traditions and Renaissance
optimism;
 Poetry, prose and drama are the main styles.
Known writers: Thomas Kyd, Robert Green,
Christopher Marlowe and the greatest William
Shakespeare
William Shakespeare is often
called the English national
poet,
he
is
widely
considered to be the
greatest dramatist of all
time. His works consist of
38 plays, 154 sonnets
which deal with themes
such as the passage of time,
love, beauty and mortality.
He expressed the main
trends
of
the
Renaissance:
the
interest in human
nature, the passions
and
feelings
of
human personality.
The Globe became a
new stage in the
development
of
English Drama.
Plays such as “Julius Caesar”, “Antony and
Cleopatra”, “Coriolanus” were the tragedies of
ancient plot but viewed through the prism of
Shakespeare’s time and set the problems of great
importance.
After the bourgeois revolution in 1648 and the
execution of the king, English theatre was
persecuted, and trends in literature became
more severe and harsh.
Poetry gave way to prose.
Fierce political struggle led to the disappearance
of literature for entertainment and political
literature took the 1st place.
Among the writers under Cromwell’s rule , the
most eminent were: John Milton, Thomas
Hobbes, John Locke, who raise important
problems of democracy, church, education,
religious tolerance.
This
movement
affected
French philosophers one
century later and then
spread all over Europe.
After Restoration theatre
was re-opened and gave
way to new comedies of
manners (with sometimes
indecent content), to the
revival of gallant literature
and the birth of French
classicism.
The representative:
Dryden.
John
The tone of literature was defined by the aristocracy,
whose influence was clearly felt in novels and
plays on stage.
New consumers asked for their literature, for the
images of family virtues, of honest merchants,
sensibility and nature.
English romantic school never existed: like in
France or Germany there were not groups of
writers, united by romantic topic.
However, a number of typical romantic features
that belong to English literature in the first
decades of the XIX century gives the right to
speak of romantic movement.
The representatives:
Lord Byron, Walter Scott, John Keats, William
Blake, Percy Bysshe Shelley and lake poets.
A group of English poets who lived in the Lake
District of England and followed no single
“school” of thought or literary practice then
known.
The main founders of
the Lake School were
William Wordsworth,
Samuel
Taylor
Coleridge,
Robert
Southey.
They
changed
the
technique of verse,
revived ballad poetry
and praised nature in
their works.
Charles Dickens is the
most eminent writer of
that epoch. He depicts
pictures of greed, cruelty,
ignorance
and
selfishness
of
the
capitalists, he tries to
touch people’s hearts by
the sight of suffering and
never wakes up hatred or
called for a riot.
Literature of soft and subtle feelings and fleeting
impressions appears: individualism, pure art,
the cult of sentiments become the main
features of the XIX century’s literature.
However, the main theme – the organization of
society, the end of exploitation – occupies an
important place in literature.
During that period
poetry went through
significant changes:
music
and
verse
complemented
one
another.
Paul
McCartney and John
Lennon proved to the
world that literary
tradition is still alive
and that it can be
different.
Famous hits as “Yesterday”, “Here Comes the
Sun”, “All You Need Is Love” became loved
among the public and showed how
philosophical thoughts can be expressed
through the prism of songs and music.
Summing up, we do say: in fact, written word
lives for centuries
 http://feb-web.ru/feb/kle/KLE-abc/ke1/ke1-
1944.htm
 http://library.kiwix.org/wikipedia_ru_all_09_2013
/A/Английская%20литература.html
 http://svr-lit.niv.ru/svr-lit/istoriya-anglijskojliteratury/literatura-epohi-vozrozhdeniya.htm
 http://studme.org/1745020713634/kulturologiya/a
ngliyskaya_literatura_vozrozhdeniya
 http://englishstory.ru/english-literature.html
 http://www.roman.by/r-44204.html
Автор
marina_agafo
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Презентации по английскому языку
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