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Abraham Lincoln

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Презентация для конкурса «Страны изучаемого языка – вчера, сегодня, завтра».
ГБПОУ РО «Донской промышленно-технический колледж»
г. Ростов-на-Дону
Отделение парикмахерского
искусства и эстетики
I курс
Руководитель проекта: Кузнецова Ю.В.
 1. Early Days
 2. Early Political Career
 3. Slavery and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates
 4. Presidency
 Abraham Lincoln was
born on the 12th of
February in 1809. His
father, Thomas Lincoln,
was a migratory
carpenter and farmer.
Little is known of his
mother, Nancy Hanks,
who died in 1818, not
long after the family had
settled in Spencer co.,
 In 1831 Lincoln settled in
the village of New Salem,
Ill., there he began by
working in a store.
 A tall and rawboned young
man won much popularity
among the inhabitants by
his strength of character.
He was chosen a captain of
a volunteer company for the
Black Hawk War (1832).
Returning to New Salem,
Lincoln was a partner in
a grocery store that
failed, leaving him with a
heavy burden of debt.
He did various odd jobs,
including rail splitting.
All the while, he sought
to improve his education
and studied law.
 In 1834, Lincoln was elected to
the state legislature and
achieved prominence as a
Whig. In 1836, he obtained his
license as an attorney, and the
next year he moved to
Springfield, where he became
a law partner of John T. Stuart.
Lincoln's practice steadily
 In 1842, he married Mary
Todd. He continued his
interest in politics and
served one term in
Congress (1847–49).
Lincoln worked hard for
the election of Zachary
Taylor, in 1848, but when
he was not rewarded, he
decided to retire from
politics and return to the
practice of law.
 Lincoln emerged again into
politics in 1854. He stoutly
opposed the policy of
Stephen A. Douglas. In a
speech at Springfield, he
attacked the compromises
and invoked the democratic
ideals contained in the
Declaration of Independence.
In 1855, he sought to become
a Senator but failed.
 In 1856, he became a
Republican. He quickly
came to the fore as a
moderate opponent of
slavery, and at the
Republican national
convention of 1856, he was
prominent as a possible
vice presidential
candidate. In 1858, he was
nominated to oppose
Douglas in the Illinois
senatorial race.
 Accepting the nomination,
Lincoln gave a ringing
declaration in support of the
Union: “A house divided against
itself cannot stand.” That
campaign was impressive.
Lincoln challenged Douglas to a
series of debates (seven were
held), in which he delivered
masterful addresses for the
Union and for the democratic
 Though Douglas won the
senatorial election, Lincoln was
now a potential presidential
candidate. In 1860, he was
nominated on the third ballot. In
the election the Democratic Party
split; Lincoln was opposed by
Douglas, John C. Breckinridge,
and John Bell. Lincoln was
elected with a minority of the
popular vote.
 To the South, Lincoln's election was the signal for
secession. All compromise plans failed, seven states had
seceded. The new President promised not to initiate the
use of force. However, he did order the provisioning of Fort
Sumter. On Apr. 12, 1861, it was fired upon, the Civil War
 In the course of the war, Lincoln further extended
his executive powers. He was beset not only by the
difficulties of the war, but by opposition from men
on his own side. His cabinet was rent by internal
jealousies; conservatives were gloomy over the
prospects of success in the war.
 Lincoln continued his
course with wisdom and
patience. In the early
stages of the war, Lincoln
revoked orders by John C.
Fremont and David Hunter
freeing the slaves in their
military departments.
However, the Union
victory at Antietam gave
him a position to issue his
own Emancipation
 The restoration and
preservation of the
Union were still the
main tenets of Lincoln.
The sorrows of war
afflicted him; he
expressed both in one of
the noblest public
speeches ever made, the
Gettysburg Address,
made at the dedication
of the soldiers' cemetery
at Gettysburg in 1863.
 A great majority
reelected Lincoln. His
second inaugural
address was a plea for
the new country that
would arise from the
ashes of the South. His
own view was one of
forgiveness, as shown in
his memorable phrase
“With malice toward
none; with charity for
He lived to see the end of the war,
but he was to have no chance to
implement his plans for
Reconstruction. On the night of
Apr. 14, 1865, when attending a
performance at Ford's Theater, he
was shot by the actor John Wilkes
Booth. The next morning Lincoln
 Nowadays wisdom is very important.
Abraham Lincoln was a very wise
president whose strong point of view
defined a vector of development of his
country. I like to read his wise
statements. Frankly speaking, for me
Lincoln is not just the U.S. President,
he is my personal adviser.
 1. Электронный ресурс: -Линкольн,_Авраам
(дата обращения: 30.03.2015).
 2. Электронный ресурс:Линкольн,_Авраам
(дата обращения: 30.03.2015).
 3. Электронный ресурс: -
(дата обращения: 30.03.2015).
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