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Презентация для конкурса «Страны изучаемого языка – вчера, сегодня, завтра».
ГБПОУ РО «Донской промышленно-технический колледж» г. Ростов-на-Дону Зубенко Ксения Отделение парикмахерского искусства и эстетики I курс Руководитель проекта: Кузнецова Ю.В. 1. Early Days 2. Early Political Career 3. Slavery and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates 4. Presidency Abraham Lincoln was born on the 12th of February in 1809. His father, Thomas Lincoln, was a migratory carpenter and farmer. Little is known of his mother, Nancy Hanks, who died in 1818, not long after the family had settled in Spencer co., Ind. In 1831 Lincoln settled in the village of New Salem, Ill., there he began by working in a store. A tall and rawboned young man won much popularity among the inhabitants by his strength of character. He was chosen a captain of a volunteer company for the Black Hawk War (1832). Returning to New Salem, Lincoln was a partner in a grocery store that failed, leaving him with a heavy burden of debt. He did various odd jobs, including rail splitting. All the while, he sought to improve his education and studied law. In 1834, Lincoln was elected to the state legislature and achieved prominence as a Whig. In 1836, he obtained his license as an attorney, and the next year he moved to Springfield, where he became a law partner of John T. Stuart. Lincoln's practice steadily increased. In 1842, he married Mary Todd. He continued his interest in politics and served one term in Congress (1847–49). Lincoln worked hard for the election of Zachary Taylor, in 1848, but when he was not rewarded, he decided to retire from politics and return to the practice of law. Lincoln emerged again into politics in 1854. He stoutly opposed the policy of Stephen A. Douglas. In a speech at Springfield, he attacked the compromises and invoked the democratic ideals contained in the Declaration of Independence. In 1855, he sought to become a Senator but failed. In 1856, he became a Republican. He quickly came to the fore as a moderate opponent of slavery, and at the Republican national convention of 1856, he was prominent as a possible vice presidential candidate. In 1858, he was nominated to oppose Douglas in the Illinois senatorial race. Accepting the nomination, Lincoln gave a ringing declaration in support of the Union: “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” That campaign was impressive. Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates (seven were held), in which he delivered masterful addresses for the Union and for the democratic idea. Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln was now a potential presidential candidate. In 1860, he was nominated on the third ballot. In the election the Democratic Party split; Lincoln was opposed by Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, and John Bell. Lincoln was elected with a minority of the popular vote. To the South, Lincoln's election was the signal for secession. All compromise plans failed, seven states had seceded. The new President promised not to initiate the use of force. However, he did order the provisioning of Fort Sumter. On Apr. 12, 1861, it was fired upon, the Civil War began. In the course of the war, Lincoln further extended his executive powers. He was beset not only by the difficulties of the war, but by opposition from men on his own side. His cabinet was rent by internal jealousies; conservatives were gloomy over the prospects of success in the war. Lincoln continued his course with wisdom and patience. In the early stages of the war, Lincoln revoked orders by John C. Fremont and David Hunter freeing the slaves in their military departments. However, the Union victory at Antietam gave him a position to issue his own Emancipation Proclamation. The restoration and preservation of the Union were still the main tenets of Lincoln. The sorrows of war afflicted him; he expressed both in one of the noblest public speeches ever made, the Gettysburg Address, made at the dedication of the soldiers' cemetery at Gettysburg in 1863. A great majority reelected Lincoln. His second inaugural address was a plea for the new country that would arise from the ashes of the South. His own view was one of forgiveness, as shown in his memorable phrase “With malice toward none; with charity for all.” He lived to see the end of the war, but he was to have no chance to implement his plans for Reconstruction. On the night of Apr. 14, 1865, when attending a performance at Ford's Theater, he was shot by the actor John Wilkes Booth. The next morning Lincoln died. Nowadays wisdom is very important. Abraham Lincoln was a very wise president whose strong point of view defined a vector of development of his country. I like to read his wise statements. Frankly speaking, for me Lincoln is not just the U.S. President, he is my personal adviser. 1. Электронный ресурс: - https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Линкольн,_Авраам (дата обращения: 30.03.2015). 2. Электронный ресурс: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Линкольн,_Авраам (дата обращения: 30.03.2015). 3. Электронный ресурс: - http://allbiography.ru/alpha/l/linkoln-avraam-lincoln-abraham (дата обращения: 30.03.2015).