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Министерство образования и науки
Астраханской области
ОАОУ СПО «Астраханский социальнопедагогический колледж»
В Ы П ОЛ Н И Л А :
С Т УД Е Н Т К А I I К У Р С А Г Р У П П Ы « А С »
РА З У М О ВА Р И М М А
О Ч Н О Е О ТД Е Л Е Н И Е
Р У КО В ОД И Т Е Л Ь :
П Р Е П О Д А ВАТ Е Л Ь А Н ГЛ И Й С К О Г О
ЯЗЫКА
М А Р У С Е Й Ц Е ВА В . С .
Wedding ceremony in great Britain:
customs and traditions from the
Victorian age to present
Plan
1) Introduction
2) Ways of getting married
3) The Wedding Ensemble
4) Folk beliefs
5) Wedding in the ballads
6) The reception
7) Conclusion
8) References
Introduction
There are three main events in our life: birth, death
and wedding! When two people decide to create union
of hearts a new life is appeared. To my mind wedding
is the center between two beginnings! So lets speak
about influences and attitude of Englishman to this
important event!
Marriage by the
bans or church
wedding
(for poor people)
There were several ways of
getting married in the XIX
century in England.
Marriage
license
(for reach
people)
Marriage in
the Gretna
Green village
(for runways)
Nowadays there
are two main
ways of getting
married
Church
wedding
(very popular)
Civil
wedding
The Wedding Ensemble
Brides have not always
worn white for the
marriage ceremony.
Ever since Queen Victoria
wed in 1840, however,
white has remained the
traditional color for
wedding gowns and
bouquets.
What is your wedding dress bring to you
in future?
White--chosen right
Blue--love will be true
Yellow--ashamed of her fellow
Red--wish herself dead
Black--wish herself back
Grey--travel far away
Pink--of you he'll always think
Green-ashamed to be seen
Veil crowned the bride's head! Borrowing something for ensemble from married
woman was one of the custom. Bride asked only women who was happy with their
husband for a long time. No one would borrow veil from quarrelsome widow!
As for jewelry,
diamonds have
always been
popular. As it is
now!
Finally, for the bride, you may recall the English
rhyme: "Something old, something new, something
borrowed, something blue, and a lucky sixpence in
your shoe”.
Folk beliefs
Everyone is familiar with the tradition of catching the
bride's bouquet. But do you know that sometimes
brides in England use other unusual things? For
example, wedding cake or cheese are thrown over the
bride’s head. In Durham bridesmaid throw her
stockings into the crowd!
If the bride comes to the wedding in
bare feet wearing singlet, her
husband is exempt her from debts.
Symbolically it means that she was
disencumbered.
One Lady from
Birmingham in 1797
had accumulated so
much debts and went
to the altar naked.
Englishman do not
save this custom for
nowadays.
Choosing the day
One of the most important step in wedding
preparations is choosing the month and day. June
has always been the most popular month, for it is
named after Juno, Roman goddess of marriage.
Also April, November and December were favored.
October was an auspicious month, signifying a
bountiful harvest. May, however, was considered
unlucky.
We can find rhyme
about choosing
days of week
because brides are
very superstitious,
you know!
Marry on Monday for health,
Tuesday for wealth,
Wednesday the best day of all,
Thursday for crosses,
Friday for losses, and
Saturday for no luck at all.
According to one legend in
England, the one who crossed
the threshold first doomed to
brush the shoe.
In Scotland mother in law
meet the young wife and
break over her head a loaf.
In Wales bride is
transferred across the
threshold to prevent
future dangerous and
disasters.
After the celebrations
new family are
expecting the joy of the
wedding night.
According Lincolnshire
superstition, the spouse
who was the first to fall
asleep after the
wedding was the first to
die.
Weddings in the ballads
Lord Thomas was in love with Fair Annet but
she had little property. He asked for advice.
His father advised that he should marry the
nut-brown maid with a rich dowry. He
agreed!
He decided to marry rich nut-brown maid. Fair
Annet dresses as splendidly as she can and goes
to the wedding. The nut-brown maid was so
jealous that she stabbed Annet to death. Lord
Thomas stabbed both the nut-brown maid and
himself to death.
A maid pleads with her lover, who tells
her that he is going to woo a fairer lady,
and she can chose another man for all
he cares. She chases after him on foot.
«The False Lover Won Back»
As they reach towns, he
tries to bribe her with
gifts, to leave him, but
at the third town, he
has fallen in love with
her again. As her last
gift he purchases a
wedding gown.
The reception
After the ceremony there is usually a reception at
which the married couple, the couple's parents, the
best man and the wedding entourage greet each of the
guests. At such events it is traditional to eat and drink
- a lot.
At some point the married couple
may become the object of a charivari,
a good-natured hazing of the newlymarried couple.
Conclusion
My main goals are:
Practically each nation has its own wedding customs
and tradition and its own symbols through which
notion of good and evil, happiness and grief, hope and
faith are expressed.
Along with traditional interpretation of this theme,
there exists both allegorical and mythological treating
of this event in man’s life.
References
Hole C. British folk customs. London: Hutchinson
& Co., 1976.
2. Екатерина Коути, Наталья Харса «Суеверия
викторианской Англии»: Центрополиграф,
2012.
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_Ballads
1.
Автор
Ms.Marus
Документ
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Презентации по английскому языку
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