Министерство образования и науки Астраханской области ОАОУ СПО «Астраханский социальнопедагогический колледж» В Ы П ОЛ Н И Л А : С Т УД Е Н Т К А I I К У Р С А Г Р У П П Ы « А С » РА З У М О ВА Р И М М А О Ч Н О Е О ТД Е Л Е Н И Е Р У КО В ОД И Т Е Л Ь : П Р Е П О Д А ВАТ Е Л Ь А Н ГЛ И Й С К О Г О ЯЗЫКА М А Р У С Е Й Ц Е ВА В . С . Wedding ceremony in great Britain: customs and traditions from the Victorian age to present Plan 1) Introduction 2) Ways of getting married 3) The Wedding Ensemble 4) Folk beliefs 5) Wedding in the ballads 6) The reception 7) Conclusion 8) References Introduction There are three main events in our life: birth, death and wedding! When two people decide to create union of hearts a new life is appeared. To my mind wedding is the center between two beginnings! So lets speak about influences and attitude of Englishman to this important event! Marriage by the bans or church wedding (for poor people) There were several ways of getting married in the XIX century in England. Marriage license (for reach people) Marriage in the Gretna Green village (for runways) Nowadays there are two main ways of getting married Church wedding (very popular) Civil wedding The Wedding Ensemble Brides have not always worn white for the marriage ceremony. Ever since Queen Victoria wed in 1840, however, white has remained the traditional color for wedding gowns and bouquets. What is your wedding dress bring to you in future? White--chosen right Blue--love will be true Yellow--ashamed of her fellow Red--wish herself dead Black--wish herself back Grey--travel far away Pink--of you he'll always think Green-ashamed to be seen Veil crowned the bride's head! Borrowing something for ensemble from married woman was one of the custom. Bride asked only women who was happy with their husband for a long time. No one would borrow veil from quarrelsome widow! As for jewelry, diamonds have always been popular. As it is now! Finally, for the bride, you may recall the English rhyme: "Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue, and a lucky sixpence in your shoe”. Folk beliefs Everyone is familiar with the tradition of catching the bride's bouquet. But do you know that sometimes brides in England use other unusual things? For example, wedding cake or cheese are thrown over the bride’s head. In Durham bridesmaid throw her stockings into the crowd! If the bride comes to the wedding in bare feet wearing singlet, her husband is exempt her from debts. Symbolically it means that she was disencumbered. One Lady from Birmingham in 1797 had accumulated so much debts and went to the altar naked. Englishman do not save this custom for nowadays. Choosing the day One of the most important step in wedding preparations is choosing the month and day. June has always been the most popular month, for it is named after Juno, Roman goddess of marriage. Also April, November and December were favored. October was an auspicious month, signifying a bountiful harvest. May, however, was considered unlucky. We can find rhyme about choosing days of week because brides are very superstitious, you know! Marry on Monday for health, Tuesday for wealth, Wednesday the best day of all, Thursday for crosses, Friday for losses, and Saturday for no luck at all. According to one legend in England, the one who crossed the threshold first doomed to brush the shoe. In Scotland mother in law meet the young wife and break over her head a loaf. In Wales bride is transferred across the threshold to prevent future dangerous and disasters. After the celebrations new family are expecting the joy of the wedding night. According Lincolnshire superstition, the spouse who was the first to fall asleep after the wedding was the first to die. Weddings in the ballads Lord Thomas was in love with Fair Annet but she had little property. He asked for advice. His father advised that he should marry the nut-brown maid with a rich dowry. He agreed! He decided to marry rich nut-brown maid. Fair Annet dresses as splendidly as she can and goes to the wedding. The nut-brown maid was so jealous that she stabbed Annet to death. Lord Thomas stabbed both the nut-brown maid and himself to death. A maid pleads with her lover, who tells her that he is going to woo a fairer lady, and she can chose another man for all he cares. She chases after him on foot. «The False Lover Won Back» As they reach towns, he tries to bribe her with gifts, to leave him, but at the third town, he has fallen in love with her again. As her last gift he purchases a wedding gown. The reception After the ceremony there is usually a reception at which the married couple, the couple's parents, the best man and the wedding entourage greet each of the guests. At such events it is traditional to eat and drink - a lot. At some point the married couple may become the object of a charivari, a good-natured hazing of the newlymarried couple. Conclusion My main goals are: Practically each nation has its own wedding customs and tradition and its own symbols through which notion of good and evil, happiness and grief, hope and faith are expressed. Along with traditional interpretation of this theme, there exists both allegorical and mythological treating of this event in man’s life. References Hole C. British folk customs. London: Hutchinson & Co., 1976. 2. Екатерина Коути, Наталья Харса «Суеверия викторианской Англии»: Центрополиграф, 2012. 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_Ballads 1.