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Лондонский Тауэр Рубцова

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Министерство образования и науки Краснодарского края
Государственное бюджетное профессиональное
образовательное учреждение
Краснодарского края
«Апшеронский лесхоз-техникум»
Номинация конкурса: Виртуальное
путешествие.
«Лондонский Тауэр»
Выполнила: студентка 24 группы
отделения «Туризм»
Рубцова Дарья Эдуардовна.
Руководитель проекта:
преподаватель иностранных языков
Урюпкина Анна Владимировна.
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The Tower of London
Introduction
Principal part
Fortress
Roil residence
Prison
Place of executions
Ghosts
Menagerie
The ravens
The Royal Mint
Royal Armouries
The Crown Jewels
Conclusion
London is the capital of the United Kingdom.
It is rich in modern and ancient sights of
interest, old buildings, historical monuments,
museums and art galleries.
But in my opinion no other place reflects its
glorious history as the Tower of London. It is
one of the main symbols of the great country.
This massive stone tower is filled with history
of the United Kingdom. It was the principal
witness of the great and terrible events of the
country. The History of the Tower of London
is both bloody and cruel.
Throughout its history, the Tower of London has
served many purposes: it was fortress, treasury,
palace, place of execution, observatory, refuge,
and prison. It housed the royal mint, a menagerie,
a records office, an armory and barracks for
troops. Until the 17th century, it was also used as
a royal residence.
Fortress
The construction of the Tower of London was begun during
the time of William the Conqueror. Originally it was built
as a fortress, to keep hostile Londoners at bay. It was also
used to sight approaching enemies on the Thames River.
Founded nearly a millennium ago, the Tower of London
was expanded upon over the centuries by many kings and
queens.
Royal residence
In its early days, the tower was actually used as a
royal residence and was called the White Tower
instead. It was a beautiful residence and was actually
a complex of several buildings inside a wall and moat
rather than a single tower. Later rulers such as
Richard the Lionheart, Edward I and Henry III
expanded on the complex.
Prison
The Tower of London was not built
as a prison. It did not have cells or
dungeons. It was so secure from
attack, however, that it was used to
house prisoners, even from its very
earliest years.
The Tower became more heavily
used as a prison after 1534, during
the reign of Henry VIII.
At that time the Tower-prison was intended for
noble and high rank persons. Among the most
honorable and high-ranking prisoners there were
the kings of Scotland and France and members of
their families, and aristocrats and priests. Even
Elisabeth I spent in Tower several troubled weeks.
The last British citizen who was imprisoned in the
Tower for treason was Norman Ballie Stewart in
1933. He was a British officer caught selling
military secrets to Germany and spent four years
in the Tower. Because Britain was not at war he
was not sentenced to death.
Place of executions
Many executions and killings took place inside of
Tower walls: Henry VI, twelve-year-old Edward V
and his younger brother, Anne Boleyn, Catherine
Howard, Lady Jane Grey…
Ghosts
They say the ghosts include Henry VI, Lady Jane Grey, Margaret
Pole, and Anne Boleyn carrying her head under her arm walk
around the Tower of London.
Menagerie
The Royal Menagerie is first referenced during the reign of Henry III. In 1251, the
sheriffs were ordered to pay fourpence a day towards the upkeep for the King's polar
bear. Then there were several diplomatic gifts including three leopards, an elephant,
some lions... By the 18th century, the menagerie was open to the public.
In 1828 there were over 280 animals representing at least 60 species. The last of
the animals left the Tower of London in 1835, relocated to Regent's Park, after one
of the lions was accused of biting a soldier.
Only the ravens live today in the Tower of London. The presence of the ravens is
traditionally believed to protect the Crown and the Tower; a superstition holds that “If
the Tower of London ravens are lost or fly away, the Crown will fall and Britain with
it”.
The Royal Mint
By about 1279 the mint had moved to more
secure quarters within the Tower of London.
For the next 500 years the Royal Mint
remained in the Tower of London.
Royal Armouries
Royal Armouries, also called National
Museum of Arms and Armour, in the United
Kingdom, a collection of weapons and
armour that was originally situated in the
White Tower at the Tower of London.
The Royal Armouries has been an integral
part of the Tower of London since William I
the Conqueror who ordered to build it
in the 11th century.
Today the Tower is famous as a home of the
Crown Jewels. They can be viewed in their
new jewel house. They include the Crown of
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother which
contains the celebrated Indian diamond.
The Tower of London is one of the most imposing and
popular of London's historical sites.
It has played a prominent role the history of the
English nation.
No other historic monument in England can boast
such as unbroken continuity with the nation's
heritage. The Tower's great sense of history lives on in
its traditions and particularly in the ceremonies which
are still performed here virtually unchanged after
several centuries.
Список использованной литературы:
1. http://www.londonpass.com/london-attractions/tower-oflondon.html
2. http://www.britainexpress.com/articles/London/tower-oflondon.htm
3. http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerOfLondon/Sightsandstories/P
risoners/Meettheprisoners#sthash.0JwnCMSF.dpuf
4. http://ref.repetiruem.ru/referat/the-history-of-the-tower-oflondon
5. http://www.britainexpress.com/articles/London/tower-oflondon.htm
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