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Тур по Лондону

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эта презентация о достопримечательностях Лондона и их истории
ОГА ПОУ «Алексеевский
колледж»
Тур по Лондону
Выполнила: Борисенкова Виктория Эдуардовна,
студентка отделения иностранных языков, 5 курс
Руководитель: Кришталь Елена Владимировна
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Some facts from the history of
London
3. Three main parts of London
4. Interesting facts about main
parts
5. The Tower of London
6. A legend about the Tower
7. The Whispering Gallery
8. St. Paul’s Cathedral
9. The West End
10. The Westminster Abbey
11. The Poet’s Corner
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
The Houses of Parliament
Big Ben
Buckingham Palace
The Changing of the Royal
Guard
Trafalgar Square
The National Gallery
Hyde Park
The Tate Picture Gallery
The London Eye
Conclusion
Sources of information
What comes to your
mind when
somebody says
“England”?
Some facts from the history of
London
 London was founded more than
twenty centuries ago.
 When the Romans began invading
the country it was a small village.
 The Romans built London, which
they called Londinium that meant
"lake fortress".
Three main parts of London
The City
The West End
The East End
Interesting facts about main parts
The City is
“money of London”
The East End is
“the hands of London”
The West End is
“the goods of London”
The Tower of London


a fortress
a royal palace
 a prison
 a museum
built by William the Conqueror
(11th century)
A legend about The Tower of
London
The Yeomen Warders or
Beefeaters
guard
The
Tower and take care of
ravens free of charge.
There is a legend that
tells us if the ravens leave
the Tower, Great Britain
will face a great tragedy.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
It was being built for 35
years by Sir Christopher
Wren. His aim was to build
St. Paul’s Cathedral
in London
a church that would be
better then the great St.
Peter Basilica in Rome.
St. Peter Basilica
in Rome
The Whispering Gallery
On top of St. Paul’s Cathedral
there is a high dome, which
contains the Whisper Gallery,
where whisper can be heard at
a great distance.
The West End
The West End
“the goods of London”
best hotels
restaurants
cinemas museums
parks shops
Westminster Abbey
It was built in the 11th century to the
order of King Edward the Confessor.
It was a place for kings and queens’
coronations.
There is the ancient Coronation Chair
beneath with the Stone of Scone.
The Poet’s Corner
Many
English
queens
and
kings
other
and
famous
statesmen, writers, scientists
are buried here. It is famous
for the Poet’s Corner, where
the
most
popular
writers
(Kipling, Dickens), poets and
musicians are buried.
The Houses of Parliament
a place where
the royal family
lived
Westminster Palace
or
The Houses of Parliament
the meeting
place of
Parliament
The Houses of Parliament
St. Stephen’s Tower is a clock
Victoria Tower is 104 meters
high. A hoisted flag is a sigh
that the Parliament is sitting
there.
tower. It’s more often called Big
Ben, which is the name of the
largest bell on the clock tower.
Big Ben
The official name is the Great Bell of
Westminster.
It weights 13,5 tons. The origin belongs to
Sir Benjamin Hall, the chief Commissioner
of Works, when the Houses of Parliament
were rebuilt. He was a very tall and stout
man. His nickname was “Big Ben”.
Buckingham Palace
It
is
the
official
London
residence of the Queen and the
Royal Family. When the Queen
is at the residence the flag is
hoisted. The square in front of
the Palace is decorated with
Victoria Memorial.
The Changing of the Royal Guard
It is a ceremony in front of
Buckingham Palace. It dates
back to the 17th century. It
takes place every morning at
11.30 and lasts 30 minutes.
The Queen’s Guards
wear traditional
uniforms and tall black
fur caps – “busbies”.
Trafalgar Square
It is the geographical centre of the
British
capital.
It
was
named
“Trafalgar” to commemorate Admiral
Nelson’s victory at the Battle of
Trafalgar in 1805 in the war against
Napoleon.
The National Gallery
It contains collection of works
dated to the 13th and the 19th
Hyde Park
It is the most popular
Here
and the largest park. It’s
different beliefs can
famous for Speaker’s
say what they want
Corner
for those who want
Arch.
and
Marble
people
to hear it.
of
The Tate Picture Gallery
It is another famous museum. The
Tate Gallery is the redeveloped
bankside Power Station. Its collection
contains pictures by English masters
of the 19th century and the works of
West European classics and modern
artist (Picasso, Monet and Warhol).
The London Eye
Another new attraction is
the London Eye – a ferris
wheel, which is 137
meters high and is the
world’s tallest one.
Conclusion
As you can see London is one of the most beautiful
cities in the world, that has a long and rich history.
The British take care of all sights and keep all their
traditions that are connected with them. To my mind
it is really great and people of our country should
follow their example in it.
Sources of information
1. Английский язык. Страноведческий справочник. –
2 изд., испр. и доп. – Саратов: Лицей, 2010. – 208
с.
Интернет источники:
1. http://tourism-london.ru/sights
2. http://phototravelguide.ru/top10/populyarnyxdostoprimechatelnostej-londona/
3. http://www.aviewoncities.com/london/londonattractio
ns.htm
4. http://www.sights-andculture.com/London/London.html
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