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70.Практикум по грамматике английского языка

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Федеральное агентство по культуре и кинематографии
Кемеровский государственный университет культуры и искусств
Кафедра иностранных языков
ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ II КУРСА
Учебно-методическое пособие
Кемерово 2007
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Утвержден на заседании кафедры иностранных языков 30.01.07 года,
протокол № 6.
Рекомендован к изданию учебно-методическим советом КемГУКИ
14.02.07, протокол № 4.
Английский язык: практикум по грамматике для студентов 2-го курса дневного
отделения / сост. Поползина Л. П., Юдина Т. Н., Коваленко Е. А., Шушляева О. Н.,
Ртищева О. В., Щербинин А. А., Золотарева С. А.; под общ. ред. Бондаренко С. В. –
Кемерово: КемГУКИ, 2007. -
Составители:
Поползина Л. П.,
Юдина Т. Н.,
Коваленко Е. А.,
Шушляева О. Н.,
Ртищева О. В.,
Щербинин А. А.,
Золотарева С. А.,
Бондаренко С. В.
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ВВЕДЕНИЕ
Предлагаемый практикум по грамматике английского языка предназначен для
осуществления
текущего
контроля
за
усвоением
грамматического
материала
студентами 2-го курса всех специальностей. Тесты предназначены для выполнения в
аудитории под руководством преподавателя. Они призваны помочь студентам
критически оценить свои успехи в изучении грамматического материала.
Практикум включает следующий грамматический материал: неличные формы
глаголы, косвенную речь и условные предложения. Каждый раздел состоит из тестов 3
вариантов и завершается сводным заключительным тестом.
Все тесты построены на аутентичном материале, извлеченном методом
сплошной выборки из наиболее известных грамматических штудий, таких как
“Essential Grammar in Use”, “Exploring Grammar in Context”, “Practical English
Grammar”, “ESL Grammar Workbook” и др. Лексическое наполнение тестов
соответствует уровню подготовки студентов 2-го курса, что позволяет сосредоточиться
на грамматическом материале и использовать тесты в качестве учебно-тренировочных
и проверочных упражнений.
В практикум включен список наиболее частотных неправильных глаголов.
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ПРИЧАСТИЕ I
Форма
Ving – doing
Перевод
причастие, деепричастие, придаточное
предложение – модели перевода:
«делающий, делая, сделав,
(который/когда) сделает»
Вариант 1
I. Образуйте соответствующие формы причастия I от глаголов. Следуйте образцу.
a) Simple Active, for example: change – changing
go, know, sleep, run, watch
b) Perfect Active, for example: change – having changed
open, do, lose, take, make
c) Non-Perfect Passive, for example: change – being changed
demonstrate, design, conduct, perform, check
d) Perfect Passive, for example: change – having been changed
explain, decide, invite, clean, use
II. Найдите и выпишите причастие I, определите его форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The road leading to the nearest village is very picturesque.
Having been corrected by the teacher yesterday, the students’ test-papers will be
returned to them today.
Having written a letter, I usually look it through.
While sleeping, I never hear anything that is going on around me.
Reading such books, you will improve your knowledge of this subject.
III. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She looked at the sleeping child.
Holding grandma by the hand, I walked slowly.
Our relatives living in the north called us yesterday.
Seeing the toys, the crying child started to smile.
The building of the new cinema being built in our street just now is of modern design.
IV. Найдите и переведите на русский язык предложения с самостоятельным
(независимым) причастным оборотом.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
It being dark, we switched on the light.
My friends living far, I seldom see them.
I never heard him singing.
The work having been completed, we went home.
The girl playing tennis is my sister.
V. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык, используя
причастие I.
1. Войдя в класс, преподаватель спросил дежурного, кто отсутствует.
2. Она была счастлива, глядя на играющих детей.
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3. Услышав голос мамы, я вышла из комнаты, чтобы встретить ее.
4. Он провел весь день, готовясь к экзамену.
5. Сделав работу, мы решили немного отдохнуть.
Вариант 2
I. Образуйте соответствующие формы причастия I от глаголов. Следуйте образцу.
a) Simple Active, for example: change – changing
feel, listen, receive, cross, stand
b) Perfect Active, for example: change – having changed
learn, send, translate, cover, give
c) Non-Perfect Passive, for example: change – being changed
leave, cook, discuss, arrive, spend
d) Perfect Passive, for example: change – having been changed
develop, return, publish, reflect, write
II. Найдите и выпишите причастие I, определите его форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Throwing himself into his mother’s arms, the child burst out crying.
Being a strong student, he used to help his classmates.
Having been away from town for some time she didn’t know about Mary’s wedding.
Miss Anderson gave a short programme including some Schubert and Brahms songs
and Negro spirituals.
5. Having been given all the instructions we began our work.
III. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The fence surrounding the garden is newly painted.
Being left alone, George and I kept silent for some time.
The house being built opposite my house is a modern nine-storeyed building.
While listening to music, I forgot all my troubles.
He stood for a while holding my hands.
IV. Найдите и переведите на русский язык предложения с самостоятельным
(независимым) причастным оборотом.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
While translating this article, he came across many difficulties.
Coming to St.Petersburg, I always visit the Hermitage.
The rain having stopped, we could continue our way.
We had a good time during the holidays, the weather being fine all the time.
Having read the book, I returned it to the library.
V. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык, используя
причастие I.
1. Получив телеграмму, моя сестра немедленно поехала в Москву.
2. Переходя улицу, будьте осторожны.
3. Люди, проводящие много времени на открытом воздухе, обычно сильные и
здоровые.
4. Школа, строящаяся на нашей улице, откроется к 1 сентября.
5. Увидев своих друзей, он подошел к ним.
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Вариант 3
I. Образуйте нужные формы причастия I от глаголов. Следуйте образцу.
a) Simple Active, for example: change – changing
read, come, work, know, study
b) Perfect Active, for example: change – having changed
finish, build, buy, write, open
c) Non-Perfect Passive, for example: change – being changed
ask, create, correct, stage, show
d) Perfect Passive, for example: change – having been changed
give, restore, describe, record, play
II. Найдите и выпишите причастие I, определите его форму.
1. Being a great admirer of music, she attended almost all the concerts given at the
Philarmonic.
2. Having been signed and registered, the paper was delivered to the address.
3. Having taken a ticket at 3.15 train, I went home to pack up my things.
4. Judging him by his figure and his movements, he was still young.
5. There were four girls sitting on the wooden benches of the agency’s front room.
III. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
He spent the whole day preparing for his exam.
While translating this article, he came across a lot of difficulties.
Young artists taking part in the exhibition have graduated the Academy quite recently.
We admired the stars twinkling in the sky.
When writing letters, he does not like to be disturbed.
IV. Найдите и переведите на русский язык предложения с самостоятельным
(независимым) причастным оборотом.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
All preparations being made, we started the experiment.
Having visited the Art exhibition, the students organized a discussion.
The key having been found, we could open the door.
The letter having come too late, we could do nothing.
Being invited, they said they wouldn’t come to us.
V. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык, используя
причастие I.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Читая английские книги в оригинале, он обычно пользуется словарем.
Увидев такси, я решила не ждать автобус.
Исполнив две пьесы Шумана, пианист сыграл также на бис.
Молодой человек, сидящий за столом и пишущий что-то, мой друг.
Прожив много лет в Англии, он хорошо говорил по-английски.
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Тестовые упражнения
Выберите правильный ответ
Вариант 1
1. … a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner.
a) Finding
b) Having found
c) We found
d) Being found
2. … a key out of his pocket, he opened the door.
a) Taking
b) I took
c) Being taken
d) Not having taken
3. … already … the film twice, I didn’t want to go to the cinema.
a) Seeing
b) Having seen
c) Being seen
d) Having been seen
4. Emma was sitting in an armchair … a book.
a) having read
b) to read
c) reading
d) having been read
5. She was in London for two years … as a tourist guide.
a) working
b) worked
c) having worked
d) works
6. The house … in our street is very beautiful.
a) building
b) having built
d) built
c) being built
7. … of old and modern Russian music, the concert was a great success.
a) Having combined b) Combined
c) Having been
d) Combining
combined
8. Can you think of the name of an animal … with “B”?
a) began
b) beginning
c) begun
d) having begun
9. I fell asleep … television.
a) having watched
b) watching
c) watch
d) having been
watching
10. ... all her shopping, Mary went for a cup of coffee.
a) Did
b) Doing
c) Having done
d) Being done
11. … his address, I wasn’t able to contact him.
a) Don’t know
b) Not knowing
c) Not having known
d) Not to know
12. … nearly all our money, we couldn’t afford to stay in a hotel.
a) Have been
b) Spending
c) Having spent
spending
d) Spent
13. After … about the exhibition, we decided to go to the museum of Fine Arts.
a) informed
b) having informed
c) having been
d) being informed
informed
14. … able to understand English, the man didn’t know what I wanted.
a) Not to be
b) Don’t be
c) Not being
d) Not having been
15. I don’t find this story … .
a) amused
b) amusing
d) having amused
c) being amused
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Вариант 2
1. … to them, he was drinking his coffee.
a) Talking
b) Talked
c) Being talked
d) Having talked
2. He looked at his father … with a kind of painful desperation.
a) having listened
b) listened
c) listening
d) was listening
3. … dinner, Mark sat with his cigar in an armchair.
a) Finishing
b) Having finished
c) Finished
d) While finishing
4. … by all students, the report was approved.
a) Studying
b) Having studied
c) Having been
studied
d) Studied
5. The experiment …, the newspaper correspondents attacked the young scientists with
questions.
a) were over
b) been over
c) being over
d) have been over
6. A chapter … through twice, the books were closed and the girls were examined.
a) having read
b) been read
c) having been read
d) were read
7. While … somewhere by train, I usually try to get out at every station to take a breath of air.
a) go
b) going
c) am going
d) having gone
8. While … that intricate question, we argued a lot about it.
a) discussing
b) discuss
c) having discussed
d) being discussed
9. We stopped at the turning of the road … to the nearest village.
a) lead
b) leading
c) been lead
d) being lead
10. … by the teacher regularly, the exercises are very useful to the student.
a) Correct
b) Are corrected
c) Being corrected
d) Having corrected
11. The street was full of people … home.
a) went
b) having go
c) going
12. The text was not difficult, many words … before.
a) having learned
b) being learned
c) having been
learned
13. The professor … his lecture, we began to discuss.
a) finishing
b) having finished
c) were finishing
d) were going
d) learning
d) being finished
14. Water exists as ice at low temperatures and as steam at higher temperatures, with the
temperature … upon pressure.
a) depending
b) depend
c) depended
d) having depended
15. The architect … at the design is a well-known specialist.
a) works
b) working
c) being worked
d) is working
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Вариант 3
1. He opened the letter with … fingers.
a) being shaken
b) shaking
c) shaken
d) having shaken
2. When … your question yesterday, I forgot this fact.
a) answered
b) answering
c) having answered
d) not answering
3. She didn’t pay any attention to the … telephone.
a) run
b) having rang
c) ringing
d) is ringing
4. The cars … the street were moving very slowly.
a) were packing
b) packing
c) packed
d) having pack
5. … the translation, I gave it to the teacher.
a) Written
b) Writing
d) Not having written
c) Having written
6. When … the painter to show that drawing, the student came nearer.
a) asking
b) asked
c) having asked
d) being asked
7. … the main problem, the scientist made a report on his researches.
a) Having solved
b) Solved
c) Being solved
d) Solving
8. … this English novel, I understood nearly everything.
a) Read
b) Had read
c) Reading
d) Having reading
9. The cars … by our plant are of high quality.
a) are produced
b) being produced
c) having produced
d) were producing
10. …, the letter was posted.
a) Having written
b) Written
d) Was written
c) Having been
written
11. … the report, she asked the engineer to see if there were any mistakes.
a) Typed
b) Having typed
c) Typing
d) Not having typed
12. … through the journal, I put it aside.
a) Having looked
b) Looking
c) Looked
13. She sat by the window looking at the boys … in the yard.
a) having played
b) played
c) playing
d) Look
d) were playing
14. It … difficult to arrange the matter at once, we decided to meet on the following day.
a) was being
b) being
c) having been
d) were
15. All day long she stayed in her own room … books.
a) reads
b) reading
c) having read
d) read
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ПРИЧАСТИЕ II
Форма
Ved – used
V3 – done
Модель перевода
причастие, придаточное предложение –
использованный, используемый
сделанный, сделавший
(когда/ после того, как/так как/если)
используют/сделают/использовано/сделано…
Вариант 1
I. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык, обращая внимание на
употребление причастия прошедшего времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
A puzzled look.
His name mentioned.
As if annoyed.
Seemed surprised.
When surrounded by difficulties.
II. Переведите слова в скобках на английский язык, используя причастие
прошедшего времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Отчет, (написанный специалистом), представлял большой интерес.
(Так как отчет был написан специалистом), ему можно было верить.
(Если эти факты подтвердятся), они могут оказаться очень ценными.
(Когда им предложили помощь), они приняли ее с готовностью.
Он может быть очень груб, когда он (возбужден).
III. Определите, являются ли подчеркнутые слова а) причастием прошедшего
времени или б) глаголом-сказуемым в прошедшем времени. Переведите
предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
He stood surprised in front of his house.
You often mentioned it in your letters.
We went to the park, walked down to the fountain and sat down on a stone seat.
I was cold but too excited to mind it.
The children were found locked in a shed.
IV. Соедините два предложения в одно, употребляя причастие прошедшего
времени. Следуйте образцу. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Model: The speaker refused to continue. He was infuriated by the interruptions. → Infuriated
by the interruptions, the speaker refused to continue.
1.
2.
3.
4.
He decided to have some rest. He was exhausted by hard work.
We decided to go home. We were depressed by the news.
Jack gave up his studies. He was denied an opportunity to carry out experiments.
Art students fail to understand the importance of science. They are inclined to regard
science only as the power behind mass production.
5. We changed the lines of our research. We were disappointed by the results.
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V. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление
причастия прошедшего времени с союзами if и when.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If corned, he can tell a lie.
When written, the article was handed to the editor.
When asked, he answered at once.
If sent away now, the letter will arrive the day after tomorrow.
When asked about the exhibition held in the Picture Gallery, the young man said he had
admired it greatly.
Вариант 2
I. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык, обращая внимание на
употребление причастия прошедшего времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Received by yesterday’s post.
Looked bewildered.
Photo taken.
When asked.
As if startled.
II. Переведите слова в скобках на английский язык, используя причастие
прошедшего времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Сказка, (рассказанная няней), произвела на ребенка большое впечатление.
(Когда письмо было написано), она быстро побежала на почту отправить его.
Она стояла молча, (плотно сжав губы).
(Когда его история была рассказана), он откинулся назад и вздохнул.
(Книга, которую мы искали), до сих пор не найдена.
III. Определите, являются ли подчеркнутые слова а) причастием прошедшего
времени или б) глаголом-сказуемым в прошедшем времени. Переведите
предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Students translated the text very quickly.
Tom liked boiled potatoes.
The student used the method described in this manual.
The author reflected these events in his novel.
The Art Gallery contained about 2,000 paintings collected during two centuries.
IV. Соедините два предложения в одно, употребляя причастие прошедшего
времени. Следуйте образцу. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Model: The speaker refused to continue. He was infuriated by the interruptions. → Infuriated
by the interruptions, the speaker refused to continue.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The passengers left their things. They’re taken to the Lost Property Office.
The audiences were greatly impressed by the acting. They repeatedly called the actors.
The new job has been offered to me. It seems more interesting.
I could hardly recognize the street. It was reconstructed while I was away.
The explorations work is carried on in this region. This work is of great importance for
science.
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V. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление
причастия прошедшего времени с союзами if и when.
1. If asked, he always helped me.
2. If asked to assess the chances of victory in a war, the computer will analyze facts quite
differently from a military expert.
3. When presented historically, the subject seemed more interesting.
4. When informed of new repression, the workers went on strike.
5. When asked about the latest developments in this African country, the UN spokesman
gave a full account of the situations.
Вариант 3
I. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык, обращая внимание на
употребление причастия прошедшего времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Greeted by everyone.
Looked relieved.
When recorded.
As if deeply impressed.
The report typed.
II. Переведите слова в скобках на английский язык, используя причастие
прошедшего времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Дом, (построенный) на нашей улице, очень красивый.
Я считаю работу (завершенной).
Она повернулась, чтобы взять сумку, и обнаружила, что она (украдена).
(Потрясенный) его словами, я опустился в кресло.
Он вышел, (окруженный студентами).
III. Определите, являются ли подчеркнутые слова а) причастием прошедшего
времени или б) глаголом-сказуемым в прошедшем времени. Переведите
предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When asked, the student answered at once.
The method used depended upon the material selected.
The student translated the article very quickly.
They published the results of the experiment.
He described the method used by this engineer.
IV. Соедините два предложения в одно, употребляя причастие прошедшего
времени. Следуйте образцу. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Model: The speaker refused to continue. He was infuriated by the interruptions. → Infuriated
by the interruptions, the speaker refused to continue.
1. Food is served at this restaurant. It’s usually very good.
2. Almost immediately Higgins entered. He was dressed in tweeds.
3. This city is originally called New Amsterdam. It was a Dutch possession.
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4. The Peace Committee daily receives letters. They come from different organizations
and individuals.
5. Yesterday he received the letters. They must be answered immediately.
V. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление
причастия прошедшего времени с союзами if и when.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When called in the morning, I found her gone.
When recorded, the tape was sent to her.
If corned, he can tell a lie.
When embarrassed, he didn’t know what to say.
If confirmed, these facts can be of great value.
Тестовые упражнения
Выберите правильный перевод подчеркнутого слова.
Вариант 1
1. Throw away the broken umbrella; it can’t be repaired.
a) сломали
b) сломанный
c) сломался
d) ломающийся
2. Many books for children include prefaces written by famous writers.
a) написали
b) написав
c) написанные
d) описывая
3. Produced for the British market, the “British Music Year Book” has also found many
readers abroad.
a) созданный
b) создав
c) создал
d) создавая
4. When brightly illustrated by famous artists, children books find much more readers.
a) проиллюстрировали
b) иллюстрируя
c) когда … проиллюстрированы
d) проиллюстрировав
5. It was two in the morning when I returned home.
a) вернувшись
b) вернув
c) вернул
d) вернулся
6. The secretary posted the letters signed by the director.
a) отправила
b) отправив
c) отправляя
d) отправленные
7. The secretary posted the letters signed by the director.
a) подписал
b) когда подписал c) подписанные
d) подписав
8. His unexpected answer surprised us.
a) не ожидал
b) неожиданный
d) не ожидая
c) не ожидав
9. It was about midnight when the letter arrived.
a) пришло
b) пришедшее
c) прибывая
10. Ice melts when heated.
a) нагрелся
b) нагревшись
d) прибыв
c) когда нагревается d) нагреваясь
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11. Though expected on Sunday, he only arrived on Monday.
a) хотя ожидали
b) хотя ожидал
c) хотя ожидая
d) хотя ожидавший
12. A broken cup lay on the table.
a) разбил
b) разбив
d) разбитая
c) разбивая
13. The laboratory founded by Maxwell in 1871 made Cambridge well-known in the field of
experimental physics.
a) основанная
b) основал
c) основала
d) основав
14. The legendary Liverpool musicians known as Beatles were a great success in Great
Britain.
a) знали
b) знавшие
c) известные
d) зная
15. On the tower of Westminster Palace there is a big clock called Beg Ben.
a) называющиеся
b) назвали
c) назвав
d) называя
Вариант 2
1. A letter sent from St. Petersburg today will be in Moscow tomorrow.
a) отправили
b) отправляя
c) отправленное
d) будет отправлено
2. When asked, he answered at once.
a) когда его спросили b) спрошенный
c) спрашивали
3. She stood silent, her lips pressed together.
a) сжимая
b) сжала
c) сжав
d) спрашивая
d) сжатые
4. If confirmed, these facts can be of great value.
a) подтвердили
b) подтверждая
c) если подтвердятся d) подтверждаю
5. Most of the scientists invited to the conference were leading specialists in various
branches of economics.
a) когда пригласили b) пригласив
c) приглашенные
d) приглашающие
6. He sat down quickly, his face buried in his hands.
a) пряча
b) прятал
c) когда спрятал
d) спрятав
7. Written by an expert, the report could be trusted.
a) так как был написан b) когда написали c) написал
d) пишущий
8. The speaker faced the audience, his hand raised for silence.
a) когда поднял
b) подняв
c) подняли
d) поднимать
9. If asked to assess the chances of victory in a war, the computer will analyze facts quite
differently from a military expert.
a) спросил
b) спросив
c) когда спросили d) если спросить
10. His speech finished, the audience applauded.
a) когда была окончена b) окончил
c) окончен
d) окончив
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11. Arthur Conan Doyle inherited the talent of story-telling from his mother.
a) унаследованный b) унаследовал
c) унаследовавший d) унаследовав
12. At the turn of the 19th century Russian journals published the first translations and reports
about Robert Burns.
a) печатающие
b) напечатав
c) напечатанные
d) печатали
13. Moscow’s Friendship House organizes exhibitions devoted to national holidays.
a) посвятил
b) посвященные
c) посвятили
d) посвятив
14. The programme of the festival included folk and modern songs.
a) включала
b) включенный
c) включив
d) включая
15. The series entitled the “Science Fiction Library” began in 1986.
a) озаглавив
b) озаглавленная
c) озаглавила
d) озаглавливающий
Вариант 3
1. The word said by the student was not correct.
a)
сказанное
b) сказав
c) сказал
d) когда сказал
2. They returned home late at night, tired but happy.
a) вернувшись
b) возвращаясь
c) когда вернулись d) вернулись
3. A fish taken out of the water cannot live.
a) вынули
b) вынул
c) вынутая
d) вынимать
4. Some of the questions put to the lecturer yesterday were very important.
a) задал
b) задали
c) заданные
d) задаваемые
5. A word spoken in time may have a very important result.
a) сказанное
b) когда сказали
c) сказал
d) так как сказал
6. We enjoyed swimming in the ocean last weekend.
a) наслаждаясь
b) насладившись
c) наслаждалась
d) наслаждались
7. His girlfriend promised to come, but she wasn’t there.
a) обещать
b) обещая
c) обещала
d) пообещав
8. Used economically, these food supplies could last for a month.
a) использовал
b) используя
c) использовав
d) использовали
9. When offered help, they accepted it eagerly.
a) предложили
b) когда предложили c) предложив
d) предлагал
10. He spent last summer in the country.
a) провела
b) провели
d) проведя
c) провел
11. The house built in our street is very beautiful.
a) построили
b) построил
c) построив
d) построенный
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12. When asked about the exhibition held in the Picture Gallery, the young man said he had
admired it greatly.
a) когда его спросили b) спрошенный
c) спрашивали
d) спрашивая
13. The cars produced by our plant are of high quality.
a) выпуская
b) выпустили
c) выпущенные
d) выпускаемые
14. Mr. James remains the most widely read teller of supernatural tales.
a) прочитал
b) читаемый
c) читает
d) читающий
15. This collection of stories first published in 1931 has never been out of print since then.
a) выпущенный
b) выпустил
c) выпускаемый
d) выпуская
ГЕРУНДИЙ
Форма
Ving
Reading
Модель перевода
существительное, глагол, деепричастие,
придаточное предложение –
чтение, читать, (не) читая, (что … ) читает
Вариант 1
I. Образуйте соответствующие формы герундия от глаголов.
a) Non-Perfect Active, for example: do – doing
swim, go, tell, meet, run
b) Non-Perfect Passive, for example: do – being done
change, perform, send, decorate, give
c) Perfect Active, for example: do – having done
destroy, compare, divide, count, introduce
d) Non-Perfect Active, for example: do – having been done
find, lose, refuse, see, pronounce
II. Найдите и выпишите герундий, определите его форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I prefer going there by air.
He likes being listened to.
I knew nothing of your having made the report.
Excuse my interrupting you.
I remember having been shown your project.
III. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Would you mind bringing me a glass of water?
The hall was used for dancing.
Mastering a foreign language thoroughly is not easy.
There are many ways of solving this problem.
They started reading the text.
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IV. Закончите предложения, используя один из глаголов: use, say, smoke, travel,
see, work. Следуйте образцу.
Model: … is unhealthy, but a lot of people find it difficult to stop. – Smoking is unhealthy,
but a lot of people find it difficult to stop.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I was surprised that she left without … goodbye to anyone.
We were able to translate the letter into English without … a dictionary.
It was a very long journey. I was very tired after … on a train for 36 hours.
We are looking forward to … you.
I enjoy … in the garden at weekends.
V. Раскройте скобки, употребляя герундий.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Why do you avoid (see) me?
I don’t remember ever (see) you.
My favourite occupation is (read).
The matter is not worth (speak of).
She insisted on (treat) like a grown woman.
Вариант 2
I. Образуйте соответствующие формы герундия от глаголов.
a) Non-Perfect Active, for example: do – doing
know, sleep, watch, take, use
b) Non-Perfect Passive, for example: do – being done
teach, leave, buy, build, preserve
c) Perfect Active, for example: do – having done
agree, colonize, win, put, organize
d) Non-Perfect Active, for example: do – having been done
mention, invite, freeze, bring, steal
II. Найдите и выпишите герундий, определите его форму.
1. I like playing tennis.
2. Her being sent on business is unexpected to us.
3. I remember having seen this film.
4. I was afraid of my watch being slow.
5. I remember having been sung it before.
III. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
In spite of being tired we continued our way.
Reading aloud is useful.
Our aim is mastering English in the shortest time possible.
He never missed an opportunity of listening to this singer.
They spoke of organizing a library.
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IV. Закончите предложения, используя один из глаголов: watch, eat, pay, walk, get
up, make. Следуйте образцу.
Model: … is unhealthy, but a lot of people find it difficult to stop. – Smoking is unhealthy,
but a lot of people find it difficult to stop.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
They don’t like … and go everywhere by car.
They gave up … meat.
… television seems to be our national sport.
They hate … early in the morning.
Could you please stop … so much noise?
V. Раскройте скобки, употребляя герундий.
1. He offered a new method of (improve) technology.
2. We insisted on (send) him the money at once.
3. One side of the gallery was used for (dance).
4. Where are my keys? I remember (put) them into the bag.
5. He couldn’t get used to (call) a grandfather.
Вариант 3
I. Образуйте нужные формы герундия от глаголов.
a) Non-Perfect Active, for example: do – doing
conduct, draw, write, sing, cry
b) Non-Perfect Passive, for example: do – being done
sell, check, demonstrate, describe, visit
c) Perfect Active, for example: do – having done
compose, decode, devote, make, open
d) Non-Perfect Active, for example: do – having been done
choose, explain, wash, forget, read
II. Найдите и выпишите герундий, определите его форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
His being so proud makes life very difficult for her.
She doesn’t like being asked about it.
We have never heard of his having belonged to this scientific society.
I like your being attentive in class.
Jane remembers having been given the cassette.
III. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I have an intention of reading this article.
I’m fond of reading.
His favourite pastime is watching TV.
Swimming in cold water is unpleasant.
He went away without having told us the necessary information.
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IV. Закончите предложения, используя один из глаголов: play, ride, write, smoke,
interrupt, go. Следуйте образцу.
Model: … is unhealthy, but a lot of people find it difficult to stop. – Smoking is unhealthy,
but a lot of people find it difficult to stop.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I can’t imagine George … a motor-bike.
Do you like … tennis?
Jake has decided to give up … .
She kept on … me while I was speaking.
Tom suggested … to the cinema.
V. Раскройте скобки, употребляя герундий.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
They left without (talk) to him.
He didn’t like (criticize) by the manager.
He had the habit of (joke) at the wrong moment.
He insisted on (take) to the party.
I don’t like (serve) like that.
Тестовые упражнения
Выберите правильный ответ
Вариант 1
1. When will he finish …?
a) speak
b) to speak
c) speaking
d) of speaking
2. I never enjoy … in the rain.
a) to walk
b) walk
c) walking
d) of walking
3. How did you manage to avoid … caught?
a) be
b) being
c) to be
d) from being
4. Who will discourage Tom … to drive?
a) from learning
b) against learning
c) learning
d) for learning
5. In spite … very generous to other people, he is strict with me.
a) be
b) of being
c) being
d) on being
6. Several people insisted … us.
a) helping
b) of helping
c) upon helping
d) on helping
7. She went … last Sunday.
a) of skiing
b) to skiing
c) skiing
d) ski
8. …. a present for my friend is not a difficult matter.
a) Chosen
b) Choosing
c) Having chosen
d) Choose
9. … funny kittens was a great amusement for children.
a) Watching
b) Having watched c) On watching
d) To watching
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10. He mentioned … this question with other teachers before meeting.
a) discussing
b) having discuss
c) having discussed d) being discussed
11. We agreed … him.
a) helping
b) with helping
c) to helping
d) on helping
12. He objected to … like a novice in laboratory research.
a) treating
b) being treated
c) being treating
d) being treat
13. … in the affirmative way gave him great satisfaction.
a) Me answering
b) To me answering c) My answering
d) I answering
14. He insisted on … to the concert.
a) being take
b) being took
d) being taken
c) being taking
15. I feel much better myself for … a good deal of my time abroad.
a) having spend
b) spending
c) have spending
d) having spent
Вариант 2
1. I can’t afford … a new car.
a) buy
b) buying
c) to buy
d) in buying
2. Take your time. I don’t mind …
a) wait
b) to wait
c) in waiting
d) waiting
3. Don’t be afraid … mistakes while speaking a foreign language.
a) make
b) having made
c) making
d) of making
4. I look forward … from you soon.
a) hear
b) hearing
c) to hearing
d) for hearing
5. He never minds … me the car whenever I want it.
a) borrowing
b) for borrowing
c) against borrowing d) about borrowing
6. You can’t afford … such a wonderful opportunity.
a) of missing
b) missing
c) miss
d) for missing
7. Mike stopped … six month ago.
a) having smoking b) smoking
c) smoke
d) in smoking
8. It’s worth … the film.
a) being seen
b) seen
c) seeing
d) having seen
9. I can’t help … at the funny puppies.
a) laugh
b) about laughing
c) laughing
d) on laughing
10. I’m tired … the same story hundred times.
a) from telling
b) telling
c) to telling
d) of telling
11. They insisted on … with them.
a) I staying
b) my staying
d) me staying
c) my stay
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12. He didn’t mind … questions by Clare.
a) asking
b) being asked
c) ask
d) being asking
13. He was accused … a serious crime.
a) in having committed b) of committing
c) in committing
d) of having committed
14. I can’t find the book. I remember … it on the table.
a) put
b) having putted
c) having put
15. … hundreds of books, I found the most interesting for me.
a) After being read b) After reading
c) After having read
d) have putting
d) After having read
Вариант 3
1. Why do you keep … the same question?
a) ask
b) to ask
c) asking
d) in asking
2. She couldn’t imagine … all her life in her present job.
a) for working
b) to work
c) work
d) working
3. I have always dreamed … Greece.
a) visiting
b) about visiting
d) of visiting
c) in visiting
4. Several people have great difficulty … him.
a) for understanding b) in understanding c) with understanding d) about understanding
5. She is taking singing lessons with the aim … an opera singer.
a) become
b) in becoming
c) to becoming
d) of becoming
6. He regrets … so rude to us.
a) about being
b) on being
c) being
d) of being
7. He has a habit … at people.
a) to joking
b) joking
c) of joking
d) joke
8. Who is responsible … the room?
a) cleaning
b) for cleaning
c) of cleaning
d) on cleaning
9. John mentioned … this man before.
a) meeting
b) having met
c) being met
d) having been met
10. The police suspected the young man … the car.
a) of having stolen b) of having steal
c) of having stealed
d) of having stole
11. People are afraid … to think, so they go to the cinema, watch TV and go to a football
match.
a) of having time
b) to having time
c) about having time d) having time
12. Everybody was interested … additional information.
a) with getting
b) on getting
c) of getting
d) in getting
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13. There is no chance … for years.
a) of their getting married b) of them getting married
d) of there getting married
c) of they getting married
14. We knew of his … to our party beforehand.
a) inviting
b) being invited
c) having been invited d) having invited
15. I think their … this book is of much use for them.
a) read
b) having red
c) having read
d) have reading
ИНФИНИТИВ
Форма
(to) do
Модель перевода
делать, делаться
Вариант 1
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в подходящую форму инфинитива.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The problem is too serious (neglect).
She had a lot of things (do) at the weekend.
They must (misunderstand) the task and did it incorrectly.
You are lucky (buy) the tickets for this ballet performance.
There is one more article (translate).
II. Закончите предложения, используя следующие выражения по смыслу (с
частицей to или без нее): to be dry-cleaned, to cry, to hurt you, to finish the project, to
help you.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I’m sorry. I didn’t mean … .
It took them two days … .
That bag looks heavy. Let me … .
This fur coat needs … .
The film was so sad, it made me … .
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя инфинитив с частицей to или без нее.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You don’t have (pay) for the advice.
She made him (eat) all his dinner before watching TV.
You mustn’t (touch) the exhibits in the museum.
We expect (receive) the reply by the end of the week.
It is not so easy (play) a musical instrument.
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IV. Перефразируйте предложения, используя инфинитив цели. Следуйте образцу.
Model: We entered the University because we want to study. – We entered the University to
study.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
They moved quietly because they did not want to wake up their parents.
If you need to understand the meaning of an unknown word, use the dictionary.
He worked hard because he thought he could get a promotion.
She bought a new dress in order to impress him.
They left home for the airport three hours before the flight as they did not want to be
late.
V. Поставьте глаголы в скобках либо в форму инфинитива, либо герундия.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
He’ll never forget (meet) Mel Gibson.
Do you fancy (go) to the theatre?
He is so shy, he prefers (be) alone rather than in a company.
I can’t help (be) nervous before the exams.
The students can’t wait to go on holiday.
Вариант 2
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в подходящую форму инфинитива.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Your plan has (consider).
There is nothing (worry) about.
The boy seemed (sleep), in fact, he was just pretending to.
I expect the work (do) on time!
Tom appeared (miss) the plane.
II. Закончите предложения, используя следующие выражения по смыслу (с
частицей to или без нее): to work hard, to go fishing on Sunday, to drink, to know the
answer, to change the decision.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
It was too late … .
We decided … .
The boss expects us … .
I’ll ask the teacher. She must … .
What would you like … ?
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя инфинитив с частицей to или без нее.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
We plan (finish) the project by the end of the month.
Do you think he will let me (use) his computer?
She refused (join) the discussion.
You can’t (use) any communication devices during the exam.
You have (wear) a uniform on this job.
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IV. Перефразируйте предложения, используя инфинитив цели. Следуйте образцу.
Model: We entered the University because we want to study. – We entered the University to
study.
1. We set off early in the morning because we didn’t want to get into traffic jams.
2. He booked a table in the restaurant as he planned to celebrate their wedding
anniversary.
3. She is going to talk to him later because she wants to tell him something important.
4. You don’t have to have special reasons if you want to tell somebody you love them.
5. They asked a lot of questions as they needed to understand the situation completely.
V. Поставьте глаголы в скобках либо в форму инфинитива, либо герундия.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
It is easy (learn) to ride a bicycle.
We are interested in (take) piano lessons.
They couldn’t remember anybody (cheat) in the test.
The car broke down and we had to stop (repair) it.
Don’t forget (call) me later.
Вариант 3
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в подходящую форму инфинитива.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She claims (work) for the company for 10 years.
The weather seems (improve). Let’s go for a walk.
Dictionaries are not allowed (use) at the exam.
The power station is said (pollute) the atmosphere for months.
She seems (work) too hard these days.
II. Закончите предложения, используя следующие выражения по смыслу (с
частицей to или без нее): to go to bed, to walk late, to study harder, to be true, to have met
the Queen.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
After the hard day, all I wanted was … .
Veronica claims … .
It’s too good … !
The teacher told him he must … .
Most parents would not let their children … .
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя инфинитив с частицей to или без нее.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I may (to go) to Portugal for summer holidays, but I’m not sure.
My parents want (to buy) a new car.
He hopes (to become) famous one day.
Jane asked her father (to let) her (to have) a dog.
Would you like (to go) to the theatre?
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IV. Перефразируйте предложения, используя инфинитив цели. Следуйте образцу.
Model: We entered the University because we want to study. – We entered the University to
study.
1. They bought the tickets in advance because they did not want to stand in the queue
before the film.
2. You have to train harder if you would like to win the competition.
3. They started saving money as they planned to go traveling.
4. The students opened the books as they wanted to revise the material before the test.
5. She set three alarm clocks because she did not want to oversleep and be late for the job
interview.
V. Поставьте глаголы в скобках либо в форму инфинитива, либо герундия.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Don’t forget (lock) the door.
He stopped (have) a snack and then went back to work.
I’ll always remember (visit) Venice. It was so romantic.
“Shall we go to the cinema?” – “I’d prefer (stay) at home tonight.”
I can’t stand (listen) to classical music.
Тестовые упражнения
Выберите подходящую по смыслу форму инфинитива или герундия
Вариант 1
1. I wake up early in the morning … train.
a) catch
b) to catch
c) to have caught
d) to be caught
2. You can … the phone.
a) to use
c) using
d) use
3. They could … already.
a) to be left
b) have left
c) to have left
d) leaving
4. You can’t … your car near a bus stop.
a) park
b) parking
c) have parked
d) be parked
b) to have used
5. The criminals are thought … in a secret shelter.
a) to hide
b) hide
c) to be hiding
d) hiding
6. I think you should stop … computer games during lessons.
a) playing
b) to play
c) play
d) to be played
7. You don’t have … the shopping.
a) to do
b) do
d) to have done
8. They claim … very hard.
a) to have
b) to work
worked
c) doing
c) work
d) to have been
working
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9. He wants … to China next year.
a) travelling
b) to travel
c) to be travelling
d) have been
travelling
10. She is too young … the street alone.
a) cross
b) crossing
c) to cross
d) to be crossed
11. We stopped … lunch and then continued our way.
a) to have
b) having
c) to be having
12. Children mustn’t … TV late.
a) to be
b) to have
watching
watched
c) watch
d) to have had
d) to watch
13. He is said … to the USA.
a) to go
b) to have gone
c) go
14. I’ll never forget … down the Nile.
a) to sail
b) to be sailing
c) to have sailed
d) sailing
15. I must remember … my parents tonight.
a) calling
b) call
c) to call
d) to be called
d) to have been going
Вариант 2
1. I’ve saved enough money … a car.
a) buy
b) to buy
c) buying
d) to have
bought
2. I forgot … off the cooker and the chicken burnt.
a) turning
b) to be turned
c) to turn
d) turn
3. You must … a swimming cap when going to a swimming-pool.
a) wear
b) be wearing
c) to wear
d) wearing
4. We’ll have … late at work tomorrow.
a) have stayed
b) be stayed
c) staying
d) to stay
5. I don’t mind … to the cinema.
a) going
b) to be going
c) to go
d) go
6. You are not allowed … with a pen during the test.
a) write
b) writing
c) to write
d) to be writing
7. I would prefer … in the country when I retire.
a) to be living
b) to live
d) to have lived
c) living
8. My boyfriend never lets me … the bill at a restaurant.
a) to pay
b) to have paid
c) to be paying
d) pay
9. She must … for the exam at the moment.
a) study
b) be studying
d) studying
c) to be studying
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10. She seems … . Her eyes are red.
a) crying
b) to cry
c) to have been crying
11. He claims … Sting, but I don’t believe him.
a) meeting
b) to have met
c) to have been
meeting
d) to have cried
d) to meet
12. The robbers are believed … somewhere in the mountains.
a) to be hiding
b) to hide
c) hiding
d) to be hidden
13. I may … for a business trip to Portugal, but I’m not sure yet.
a) go
b) have gone
c) to be going
d) going
14. The children are looking forward to … on holiday.
a) go
b) have gone
c) to be going
d) going
15. They agreed … later.
a) meeting
d) meet
b) to be meeting
c) to meet
Вариант 3
1. When schoolchildren have too much homework, it makes them … stressed.
e) feeling
f) feel
g) to feel
h) to be feeling
2. We decided … fishing next weekend.
e) go
f) to go
g) going
h) to be going
3. He claims … a lot of money in a lottery.
e) win
f) winning
g) to have won
h) to be won
4. They can’t … already.
e) have arrived
g) arriving
h) arrive
f) to have
arrived
5. My parents didn’t let me … late when I was a child.
e) walk
f) to walk
g) walking
h) to be walking
6. You mustn’t … to the bus driver.
e) to talk
f) talk
g) to have talked
h) talking
7. We always enjoy … skiing.
e) going
f) go
g) to be going
h) have been going
8. He is thought … on his own.
e) live
f) to live
g) to be living
h) to have lived
9. She goes to the gym … fit.
e) to keep
f) keeping
g) to have kept
h) to be keeping
10. I’m old enough … a driver’s license.
e) get
f) to get
g) getting
h) to have got
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11. I’ll always remember … Venice.
e) visiting
f) to have
visited
g) visit
h) to visit
12. You may not … during the lesson.
e) talking
f) have talked
g) to be talking
h) talk
13. We expect … a reply to our letter soon.
e) receive
f) receiving
g) to receive
h) to be
receiving
14. They stopped … a chat with their old friend and then continued their way.
e) having
f) to have
g) have
h) to have had
15. You have … at the meeting.
e) being
f) be
g) to have been
h) to be
УСЛОВНЫЕ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ
Вариант 1
I. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
If he had a different job, he might feel happier.
If I had been more careful, I wouldn’t have made such a big mistake.
If you don’t water plants, they die.
If the actress hadn’t been in a car accident, the director wouldn’t have delayed the
filming.
5. If they have any difficulties, the manager will help them.
II. Закончите предложения.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If I told you what I think, …
If you let me copy your homework, …
If you need any money, …
If you help me, …
If I went to sleep earlier, …
III. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в правильную форму.
1. I’ve got to paint the kitchen this week, but if (have) time, I (go) to the cinema.
2. Her car’s broken down on the motorway. I (help) if I (can) but my car is out of action
today.
3. My daughter needs to speak more French. As long as she (save) some of the money,
we (try) to send her to France every summer.
4. If I (go) to Germany, I (visit) Berlin.
5. If the weather (not change), the holiday (be) miserable.
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IV.
Закончите предложения, выбрав глагол и поставив его в правильную
форму: visit, pay, go, be, eat.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If the sun shines, we … to the sea.
If the weather is warm, we… outside.
If you like coffee, there … a good coffee shop in the next street.
If I went to England, I … London first.
If I had passed the exam, my parents … for my holiday.
V. Составьте условные предложения из предложенных слов. Следуйте образцу.
Model: his / mobile phone / ring / again / I go / mad → If his mobile phone rings again, I’ll
go mad.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I / ask / him / pick up/ the phone / it / ring/ again.
I / speak to / him / you / like.
I / have / enough / money / I / buy / a bigger / car.
I / be / so busy / I / go / to the gym / more often.
I / know / about her illness / I / visit her.
Вариант 2
I. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If a brave teenager hadn’t saved the child, he would have drowned.
If you put water in the freezer, it becomes ice.
If I had gone to the party, I would have enjoyed.
If we work hard, we’ll finish the project on time.
If he worked less hours, he would be able to spend more time at home.
II. Закончите предложения.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If someone pushes me on the bus, …
If a famous pop star talked to me, …
If you annoy me,…
If I don’t go to the dentist, …
If we sold the house earlier, …
III. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в правильную форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If I hadn’t lied to my boss, he (not fire) me.
If he (have) his car, he would give us a lift to the station.
If she (be) qualified, she would find a good job.
If he (find) a job, he’ll move to a bigger house.
If you (love) me, you would phone me more often.
IV. Закончите предложения, выбрав глагол и поставив его в правильную форму:
break down, ask, win, go, give.
1. If David can’t come, I … Michael to help me with my homework.
2. Will you write to me if I … you my address.
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3. If the car … , I wouldn’t know what to do.
4. What would you do if you … a lot of money?
5. I … to the party, if they invite me.
V. Составьте условные предложения из предложенных слов. Следуйте образцу.
Model: his / mobile phone / ring / again / I go / mad → If his mobile phone rings again, I’ll
go mad.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What / we / do / he / refuse?
I / know / the answer / I / tell / you.
He / make / more money / he / travel / a lot more.
I / go out / I / close / the window.
They / change / the team / last year/ they / lose / the match.
Вариант 3
I. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If I had got up early this morning, I wouldn’t have been late.
If you go shopping to the Casino Square, you’ll find many fashion shops over there.
If you put food in the fridge, it stays fresh for longer.
If they finish the project on time, they will get a bonus.
If I didn’t work such long hours, I wouldn’t be so tired.
II. Закончите предложения.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If I have any free time later, …
If you phone me tomorrow, …
If I won some money, …
If I could go anywhere in the world, …
If I am late this evening, …
III. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в правильную форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If you stopped smoking, you (be) in better health.
If he had left on time, he (not be) late for the meeting.
If you (keep) coming to work late, you will lose your job.
If you (be) hungry, we can have lunch now.
If there is a fire, the alarm clock (ring).
IV. Закончите предложения, выбрав глагол и поставив его в правильную форму:
stay, leave, go, get, be.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
John is still at school. When he … school, he will go to the university.
If the weather hadn’t changed, the holiday … miserable.
I’ll be surprised if Martin and Julia … married.
It’s not a very good hotel. I … there, if I were you.
If I wanted to learn Italian, I … to Italy.
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V. Составьте условные предложения из предложенных слов. Следуйте образцу.
Model: his / mobile phone / ring / again / I go / mad → If his mobile phone rings again, I’ll
go mad.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You / not move / your car / I / call / the police.
The room / be / nicer / we / have / some pictures / on the wall.
He / have / so many friends / he / sit all alone.
You / not work harder / you / never / get the promotion.
I / know / that / they were valuable antiques / I / not sell / them.
Тестовые упражнения
Выберите правильный ответ
Вариант 1
1. If I … up earlier, I wouldn’t have missed bus.
a) woke
b) had woken
c) would woken
d) wake
2. If you … the president of the country, what would you do about the environment?
a) are
b) had been
c) were
d) will be
3. If I hadn’t spent so much money on clothes, I … the phone bill.
a) would can pay
b) can pay
c) could pay
d) could have paid
4. If you had studied a bit more, you … the exam a lot easier.
a) would have found
b) found
c) will find
d) find
5. If you … a toothache, you should go to the dentist.
a) have
b) had
c) will have
d) would have
6. If I could live anywhere in the world, I … a beach villa in Tahiti.
a) would buy
b) buy
c) will buy
d) bought
7. If we … the house now, we will sell it next spring.
a) didn’t sell
b) don’t sell
c) wouldn’t sell
d) sell
8. If I … it to be so difficult, I would never have started it.
a) will know
b) know
c) knew
d) had known
9. I … to the concert if you can get a ticket.
a) will go
b) go
c) would go
d) won’t go
10. If you … a few minutes, could you help me?
a) have
b) had
c) will have
d) would have
11. I’m tired but if you … me strong coffee, I will go on working.
a) would make
b) made
c) will make
d) make
12. I’m not going to take the job. I’d take it if the salary …better
a) were
b) was
c) is
d) will be
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13. I’ll stay here until he …
a) return
b) returns
c) would return
d) will return
14. If there weren’t so much traffic, the air … cleaner.
a) would be
b) was
c) were
d) be
15. Call the ambulance if he … worse
a) felt
b) feels
d) will feel
c) feel
Вариант 2
1. If we … by bus, it will be cheaper.
a) didn’t go
b) will go
c) would go
d) go
2. If it rains, we … in the hotel pool.
a) swim
b) would swim
c) will swim
d) have swum
3. If the things … , we will have to report the police.
a) didn’t improve
b) will improve
c) won’t improve
d) don’t improve
4. Life would be boring if every day … the same
a) wasn’t
b) was
c) weren’t
d) were
5. We could have arrived home earlier if there … less traffic.
a) have been
b) were
c) will be
d) is
6. We could invite all our friends to stay if we … a bigger house.
a) have
b) had
c) will have
d) would have
7. I … so much time to spend with you if I get promoted.
a) will have
b) wouldn’t have had c) won’t have
d) hadn’t had
8. We will get married in the spring if you …
a) like
b) will like
c) liked
d) had liked
9. Nothing’s going to happen until you … up your mind what you want.
a) made
b) will make
c) make
d) would make
10. I … you unless you start being a little more considerate.
a) left
b) will leave
c) would leave
d) leave
11. If I … single with no kids and responsibilities, I would take a year out and go traveling.
a) were
b) am
c) was
d) will be
12. If I ever … I had too much money, I’d give it away to charity.
a) feel
b) felt
c) am feeling
d) will feel
13. If he … the job properly, they would have paid him.
a) does
b) did
c) had done
d) would do
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14. If he hadn’t stolen the money, the police … him.
a) didn’t arrest
b) doesn’t arrest
c) wouldn’t
arrest
15. If I had a job, I … happy.
a) would be
b) will be
c) am
d) wouldn’t have arrested
d) had been
Вариант 3
1. Many times in the past, if I hadn’t had a partner I could trust, I … and hurt myself
seriously.
a) fall
b) fell
c) would fall
d) would have fallen
2. If he … on time for a first date, how long would you wait?
a) doesn’t arrive
b) hadn’t arrived
c) didn’t arrive
d) won’t arrive
3. How would you feel if your partner … your birthday?
a) forget
b) forgets
c) will forget
d) forgot
4. If you touch wood, it … you from bad luck.
a) will protect
b) protects
c) would protect
d) protected
5. If he … out the truth, we’ll be in big trouble.
a) found
b) find
c) finds
d) will find
6. If we … now, the shops will be closed when we get there.
a) don’t leave
b) didn’t leave
c) won’t leave
d) aren’t leave
7. If I … the money, I’d always wear Hugo Boss suits.
a) have
b) will have
c) would have
d) had
8. If you spend more time on your schoolwork, I … a lot happier.
a) am
b) will be
c) were
d) would be
9. Do you think I would look good if I … this for the interview?
a) wore
b) wear
c) would wear
d) will wear
10. If I … any news, I will phone you.
a) hear
b) will hear
d) would hear
c) heard
11. If you … contact lenses, people won’t laugh at your old glasses.
a) will get
b) got
c) get
d) would get
12. If I … late this evening, don’t wait for me.
a) were
b) was
c) am
d) will be
13. If I … a headache, I would work faster.
a) had not
b) hadn’t had
d) wouldn’t have
c) didn’t have
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14. If you have a map, I … you where I live.
a) showed
b) will show
c) would show
15. If the enemy … us, they would have killed us.
a) will catch
b) caught
c) catch
d) show
d) had caught
КОСВЕННАЯ РЕЧЬ
Вариант 1
I. Напишите предложения в косвенной речи.
Jack said,
1. “I enjoy seeing new places.”
2. “I always travel by plane.”
3. “I will go to the Baltic Sea.”
4. “We are leaving for Estonia tomorrow.”
5. “I booked the tickets yesterday.”
II. Изложите мысли Мэри в косвенной речи.
Mary thought,
1. “Traveling costs a lot of money.”
2. “It’s always interesting to see new places and it’s no less interesting to visit the same
places several times.”
3. “You never know what things you may need when you travel.”
4. “My dream will come true and I’ll see Samarkand.”
5. “I am going to take only a flying bag with me.”
III. Задайте вопросы Эрнесту от имени комиссии.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Whether it is a large company.
How he learnt about the job.
What his previous job was.
Why he wished to change the job.
If the job carries a pension.
IV. Закончите предложение, выбрав один из вариантов прямой речи.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Sarah was driving too fast, so I asked,
a. “It’s a fantastic place.”
Jane is short of money, so she says,
b. “Will you marry me?”
Mary bought a tour to New York, so she said,
c. “Please slow down!”
Tom is going to buy a car, so he said,
d. “I am looking for a job.”
John was very much in love with Liz, so he asked her, e. “I have a well paid job.”
V. Переведите предложения на английский язык, обращая внимание на
употребление глаголов to say и to tell в главном предложении.
1. Анна сказала, что вчера она покрасила дверь.
2. Преподаватель сказал студентам, что завтра у них будет тест.
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3. Фред сказал, что его брат ленив и редко сдает экзамен вовремя.
4. Декан сказал преподавателю, что студенты этой группы не сдали курсовую
работу.
5. Студент опоздал, и ему сказали, что звонок только что прозвенел.
Вариант 2
I. Напишите предложения в косвенной речи.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
“Where is the tea, Mother?” the sailor asked.
His mother pointed to the plate and said, “These are only the leaves of the tea.”
The sailor asked his mother, “Why didn’t you put the water?”
The mother told him, “The water! I threw the water away, of course.”
The guest pretended and said, “Your cakes, fruit and tea-leaves are tasty.”
II. Изложите диалог между покупателем и продавцом в косвенной речи.
1.
2.
3.
4.
The customer said, “I have come to look over your collection of books.”
The shop-assistant asked, “What kind of books are you interested in?”
The customer told her, “I’d like to see what reference books you have on sale.”
The shop-assistant recommended him to take a book for his son and said, “It enjoys
great popularity among teenagers.”
5. The customer thanked her and said, “This book is the best-seller and I’ll take it.”
III. Задайте вопросы другу о предстоящей сессии.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
How many exams he is going to take.
What credits he gets for his good results.
If he passed any special subjects.
When his session will be over.
If he prepares for the exams in the reading-room.
IV. Закончите предложение, выбрав один из вариантов прямой речи.
1. Tom said that his parents weren’t well
and asked me,
2. Liz can’t come to the party and asked me,
3. They invited me to the party and said,
4. My friends were late for the train and
asked the driver,
5. Kate couldn’t help me, she called me
and said,
a. “We’re getting married next month.”
b. “Please hurry up!”
c. “Please go to the drug-store.”
d. “Please take some photos for me.”
e. “I’m staying in hospital for a while.”
V. Переведите предложения на английский язык, обращая внимание на
употре6ление глаголов to say и to tell в главном предложении.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Студенты сказали: “Конференция состоится в лекционном зале”.
Туристы сказали гиду: “Мы знаем, как добраться до Британского музея”.
Отец сказал: “Я включу радио, чтобы послушать последние известия”.
Староста группы сказала, что она ответственна за этот проект.
Декан сказал студентам, чтобы они посетили эту выставку в картинной галерее.
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Вариант 3
I. Напишите предложения в косвенной речи.
Ann said,
1. “I lost my way.”
2. “Nobody let me know the right way.”
3. “I missed the four o’clock train.”
4. “I went to the café, but it was overcrowded.”
5. “There was no policeman around so I began finding the information myself.”
II. Изложите мысли читателей в косвенной речи.
The readers thought,
1. “Agatha Christie is a very famous British writer.”
2. “Her detective stories are popular among the British people and other people in the
world.”
3. “Her stories have been translated into many languages.”
4. “Those who study English read her novels in the original.”
5. “The people are carried away by the plot of her stories.”
III. Задайте вопросы туристам, прибывшим из Британии.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What the weather was.
If they stayed at the hotel or lived with host families.
If they watched Changing of the Guard in front of Buckingham Palace.
If they were interested in ancient architecture and saw St. Paul’s Cathedral.
How long their tour lasted.
IV. Закончите предложение, выбрав один из вариантов прямой речи.
1. Mike said that he failed his exam
and asked the Dean,
2. They bought a tour and said,
3. He doesn’t prefer Chinese meal and asked,
4. The TV set is broken and they asked
the mother,
5. They were worried about the train, but the
porter said,
a. “Waiter, please give me some salad.”
b. “We’re fond of traveling by ship.”
c. “The train is coming on time.”
d. “Let’s go to the cinema tonight.”
e. “Please allow me to take some time
for preparing.”
V. Переведите предложения на английский язык, обращая внимание на
употре6ление глаголов to say и to tell в главном предложении.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Друг сказал, что он посмотрел очень хороший фильм.
Туристы сказали гиду, что английская пища - замечательная.
Она сказала, что не согласна со мной.
Мужчина сказал полицейскому, что он потерял паспорт.
Преподаватель сказал, что образование – главная вещь в жизни.
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Тестовые упражнения – выберите правильный ответ
Вариант 1
1. John asked his friend why he _____ go and do some gardening.
a) doesn’t
b) don’t
c) didn’t
d) won’t
2. She asked me _____ I like to lay the table.
a) if
b) do
c) will
d) did
3. Alice asked her friend _____ she was in such a bad mood.
a) who
b) why
c) when
d) where
4. The teacher asked the student _____ he had done his homework.
a) if
b) do
c) does
d) has
5. Bob said that he _____ watched this programme.
a) has
b) had
c) have
d) will have
6. Alice said that she _____ listen to some records.
a) would
b) will
c) have
d) has
7. He wanted to know what time it _____ then.
a) is
b) was
c) has been
d) had been
8. My mother asked me _____ I didn’t go for a swim.
a) who
b) why
c) when
d) where
9. They wondered if he _____ ask her a few personal questions.
a) can
b) could
c) has
d) had
10. Tom said _____ he had parked his car outside his house.
a) if
b) whether
c) what
d) who
11. They asked me _____ I hadn’t told them the truth.
a) who
b) when
c) where
d) why
12. He said that he _____ so sorry because he _____ borrowed my car without permission.
a) was – had
b) were – have
c) is – was
d) will – has
13. Tom asked the waiter _____ bring him the menu.
a) that
b) whether
c) to have
d) to
14. I asked the librarian _____ she could lend me that book.
a) if
b) that
c) has
d) had
15. I said that Tom _____ coming too.
a) is
b) was
d) will be
c) were
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Вариант 2
1. Mary told me that she _____ at this office.
a) works
b) worked
c) working
d) has worked
2. He asked me _____ I knew his phone number.
a) do
b) will
c) if
d) have
3. Roger said that he hadn’t been to London but he _____ had time to visit the tower.
a) had
b) hadn’t
c) has
d) wasn’t
4. He asked _____ had put salt in his coffee.
a) why
b) what
c) who
d) when
5. Fred _____ me that they had closed that pizza place.
a) said
b) told
c) tells
d) says
6. She said that she _____ to have fish for dinner.
a) wants
b) wanted
c) had wanted
d) has wanted
7. Charlie told me that he _____ Helen at a party the previous Sunday.
a) had seen
b) has seen
c) saw
d) was seen
8. I asked Dave _____ he knew a lot of people.
a) does
b) if
c) did
d) has
9. I informed the police that my car _____ stolen.
a) is
b) were
c) had been
d) will be
10. She said that she _____ going to learn to drive.
a) is
b) was
c) were
d) will
11. He said _____ be careful crossing roads.
a) to
b) don’t
c) not
d) doesn’t
12. He explained to us that he _____ cut his finger when he _____ preparing dinner.
a) had been – was
b) was – has
c) had – had been
d) were – had
13. A couple asked me _____ take a picture of them.
a) do
b) don’t
c) to
d) will
14. The boss declared that he _____ just returned from a weekend break.
a) has
b) had
c) have
d) will
15. He said that he _____ up early.
a) got
b) get
c) gets
d) getting
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Вариант 3
1. The secretary asked the visitor _____ look through the news papers.
a) to
b) that
c) if
d) whether
2. The author said _____ the article showed the relations between two countries.
a) to
b) that
c) if
d) whether
3. He wanted to know _____ the name of the book was.
a) who
b) what
c) why
d) whether
4. The dean said that some students _____ speeches at the meeting.
a) make
b) has made
c) had made
d) making
5. The passenger asked _____ time the train started.
a) why
b) what
c) when
d) if
6. He explained why Margaret _____ little.
a) eat
b) eats
c) eaten
d) ate
7. He said that he _____ never _____ to France.
a) had – been
b) has – been
c) have – been
d) had – was
8. The father asked _____ the play was a great success.
a) who
b) why
c) when
d) where
9. They said that they _____ go to the exhibition the next day.
a) will
b) shall
c) would
d) may
10. My friend told me that he _____ to see the canvases of Russian avant-garde art.
a) wanted
b) wants
c) will want
d) would want
11. The teacher said that the author of this book _____ a talented writer.
a) is
b) has been
c) was
d) have been
12. They asked us _____ show the most picturesque place on the route.
a) that
b) whether
c) to
d) if
13. My aunt said that her family _____ to a new flat.
a) moved
b) has moved
c) moves
d) had moved
14. He asked me if I sometimes _____on a business trip.
a) go
b) went
c) had gone
d) has gone
15. The trainer asked the boys how long they _____ tennis.
a) have been playing b) had been playing c) has been playing
d) have played
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ТАБЛИЦА НЕПРАВИЛЬНЫХ ГЛАГОЛОВ
Infinitive
Past Tense
Infinitive
burn
build
catch
feel
fight
find
get
hear
hold
keep
lay
lead
leave
lend
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
say
sell
send
shine
sit
sleep
spend
stand
teach
tell
think
understand
win
Past Tense
burnt
built
caught
felt
fought
found
got
heard
held
kept
laid
led
left
lent
lost
made
meant
met
paid
said
sold
sent
shone
sat
slept
spent
stood
taught
told
thought
understood
won
Infinitive
arise
awake
bear
become
begin
cost
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
set
shut
cost
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
set
shut
cost
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
set
shut
Past Tense
arose
awoke
bore
became
began
Past Participle
Past Participle
burnt
built
caught
felt
fought
found
got
heard
held
kept
laid
led
left
lent
lost
made
meant
met
paid
said
sold
sent
shone
sat
slept
spent
stood
taught
told
thought
understood
won
Past Participle
arisen
awaken
born
become
begun
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
bite
blow
break
choose
come
do
draw
drink
drive
eat
fall
fly
forgive
forget
freeze
give
go
grow
hide
know
lie
ride
ring
see
rise
run
shake
speak
steal
swim
take
tear
throw
wake
wear
write
Infinitive
dream
learn
smell
spoil
bit
blew
broke
chose
came
did
drew
drank
drove
ate
fell
flew
forgave
forgot
froze
gave
went
grew
hid
knew
lay
rode
rang
saw
rose
ran
shook
spoke
stole
swam
took
tore
threw
woke
wore
wrote
bitten
blown
broken
chosen
come
done
drawn
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
flown
forgiven
forgotten
frozen
given
gone
grown
hidden
known
lain
ridden
rung
seen
risen
run
shaken
spoken
stolen
swum
taken
torn
thrown
woken
worn
written
Past Tense
dreamed, dreamt
learned, learnt
smelled, smelt
spoiled, spoilt
Past Participle
dreamed, dreamt
learned, learnt
smelled, smelt
spoiled, spoilt
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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
Введение …………………………………………………………………………………
Инфинитив ………………………………………………………………………………..
Причастие I ………………………………………………………………………………..
Причастие II ……………………………………………………………………………….
Герундий ……………………………………………………………………………………
Условные предложения ………………………………………………………………….
Косвенная речь …………………………………………………………………………….
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