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??????????:а? ??? ????? ???? ??-?? ???????????. ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ?а?????????? ???????. ??????? ?????????? ???-?? ??????, ?????????? ?????-?????? ?????????????, ?а?? ?????? ????, ?????? ???? ????.
??? ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????а? ??? ????? ???????.
???????? ??????, ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????:
????? ?? ?????????????. ???? ???????? ?а1990-?? ??????, ?? ?? ??????, ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????. ?? ?а?? ???????????
?????? ????????????? ?????, ??? ?а2000-?. ?а???????? ????????? ????
???????????. ??????, ????????, ????? ???????? ?а????? ?а??????. ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ?а?????? ?? ????????, ?а??????????
??????. ???????????? ????????? ?????????, ?? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ???.
? ??-??????, ????? ????? ??????????? ???????. ?а?????? ???????? ??
????????? ???????? ?? 17%, ???-?? ?а7600а?? 9600а???. ?а?????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ???????, ?а?а??? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? 3,5а???
?????? ??????. ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????, ???? ??????????
??????? ??????????. ?а?????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ????????,
?а?а???? ???? ??? ?а??????? ?????????. ?? ?? ?????????? ???????????
??????? ???????? ??????????????, ????????????? ?а????? ??-?? ??????,
?а???? ?????????? ??? ???????. ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??????????, ??
?а????? ???? ?? ???????, ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? 9,1?9,5% ?????????. ???? ?????????, ??? ????????? ????, ?????????? ????????
??????????? ???????? ?а???? ??????????? ???????????????, ?????????? ?????? ????? 40%. ?а??? ???????? ?????? ???? ???????, ?????? ???
??????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???.
?????? ???????, ???????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????-????? л????????╗:а? ???????? ???????????-
?????? ?????????, ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?а??????? ???????? ??? ???:а? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ??????? ??
??? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ??????. ??-??????,
??? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????, ??? ??????????? ??????????? ????????: ??????, ?????????, ????????????? ?????????????
?????????. ??-??????, ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ??????, ??? ?????????? ??????? ?а2014 ???? ?а???????
??????? ????????????? ???????. ?? ????????? ?а????????? ?????????????? ?????, ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????. ????? ??????? ??
???а? ?????????? ?а?????????????? ??????? ?????????????. ?а?????????????? ??? ?? ????? ?а????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????.
??????? ??????, ???????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????, ???????????? ????????, ???????? ??????????????
?а????? ??????:а? ?? ?????????? ?а?????? ?????? ??????. ?????, ????? ??-
? 2 8 [ 1 0 3 6 ] 2 0 . 0 7? 2 6 . 0 7. 2 0 1 5
?????
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9
??? ???? ????? ?????? ???????
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???????????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????. ??????, ??????, ?? ???????????.
?? ?????? ????. ?????? ??????????
???????????????? ?????????а? ?????
?? ?????????? ?????????????.
??? ???? ???????? ?а????а? ???????????. ??????? ????? ??????, ?????,
?????? ??? ????? ?????, ???????????
?????? ?а???????????? ??????
??????, ????????. ?????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ??
????? ????.
??? ?а??????????, ???????? ????????????? ????? ?? ???? ?????????????
????????. ?????? ???????????? ????
???????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????, ?????????????????,
???????? ?????? ?а??????? ?????.
????????? ?а?????????? ?????? ?? ??????, ?? ?????????? ??????? ?????.
???? ???????????? ???????? ?????????а? ????????? ?? ?????????.
?? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ??
14 ???? 2015 ????. ?????? ?? ??????
??????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ?? ????: ?а?????? ???? ??????,
???????????????? ?а?а????????,
?а?а????????. ???????? ?-???, ?????
?????? ?????? ?? ???????????. ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?а????????. ?а??? ?????? ???? ???? ????????, ?а???????
??? ????????? ????????? ???????????,
?а??? ????? ?а?? ????????????????
?а???? ?а???????.
????? ???????????? ??????? 2010
????, ????? ????????? ???????????
?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? McDonald?s ?а????????.
?? ??? ???????? ???????.
??? ?? ????? ????? ?????а? ???????
????? ??? ???????. ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ???? ?а?????? ???? ??
??????? ?????????????? ???? ????????????. ?????? ????? ?а????????????
???????. ?а?????? 160а???? ????????
???????? ?????, ????? 10% ???????.
?????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???
????? ????????????????а? ?а????
?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????????????, ??? ?а?????. ???????????
Total ?аEni, ???? ?а???? ?а2012-?,
?????? ?а????????? ?? ?????????
???????. ???????????? ?????????
?а??????.
REUTERS
? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???????
????????????а? л????? ?????????╗
1963?1979 ?????. ??????????: ???
???????? ???? ??????? ?? ????????????? ?а???????????????? ??????????
????????? ???? ???????аII. ?????????а? ????? ?? ?????? ?а??? ?? ?????
?????????? ???????? ?????????
?а1953-?, ??????????а? ??? ?а???
?????? ???? ????????????? ????????
?????????, ????????а? ??????????
?????????? ????? ????? ???????
?а?????? ?? ???????? ??????????
?а???????????? ?а???????.
???????? ????? ???, ?? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????
?????????? ??? ????? ???????,
????? ????????? ?? ????????????.
?а1970-?, ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????,
???? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????? ????????.
?? ???????? ??????????, ??? ?а??????
??? ??????, ????????? ???????
??????? ??????. ??? ???????, ???
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??? ????????? ?а???????, ?????????
?а???? ???????? ????????.
?????? ???? ???????????????, ????
????????????? ?????????? ?????????? л??????????? ??????????╗.
????? ?????? ??????? ????????????
?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????а?
?????. ?а??? ???????? ????????
??????????? F-16? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? 160 ???? ?? $3,8а????, ??????
??? ?а??????? ????? (????? ???????
???) ?????? ????????? F-14. ??????
???????? ??? ???????? ???? ?а??????
?? ??????, ???? ??????? ????? ??
?????? ??????, ??????????, ??????
?а?????????.
???????????? ???????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ???. ?а???????????
?????????? ??????????? ??? ???????
(?????????????) ???????? ?????????
?????????а? ?? ????? ?????-???????? ????? 1980?1988 ?????.
? 1979-? ????? ??????. ?а??????
?????? л??????????╗, ???????
?а???????. ??????? ??????? ?а???????? (??? ?а?????) ?? ????????. ????????? ?а????? ?а?????? ?????? ???????? ??????. ????????? ????????
??????????? ?????? ?а???а? ?а??????
? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????. ?? ???????? ??????? ?????
??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? Peugeot. ????? ????????
????????????? ???????? ?? ?????????
??? л?????╗ ?а???????????? л????????╗, ???????? ?а??????? ????????
?а?????? ?????? ??????????? ??????.
?а?????? ??????? ?а????????? ?а????
????????? Sukhoi Superjet 100 ?а???????? ??????? л???????????????╗, ?????
?? ????? ???? ?? ?? 10а???. ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????, ??????????,
???????????? ??????????? ?а???????
???????. ?? ?????????? ????????
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?? ????? ????, ??????? Samsung,
Daewoo, Mercedes-Benz, Volvo, HewlettPackard, Siemens, ???????? ?????????
?а??????. ???? ?? ??? ????????????:
????????? ??? ?а????? ??????? ??
?????? 1976 ???? ($6,6а???., ???????
1990 ????), ?а??? ????? ????? ?????а?
?а$4,2а?? $8а???.
????????? ?????
??????
???? ?????????
??????
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10
???????? ???????????
16
??????а?
??? ???? ????,
?????? ????? ?????????
TEKCT ????? ???????
???? ???? ?????????,
?????????а?????????
2015?2016 ????а? ?????????, ????? ????,
?????? ????, ??? ????? ????????. ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????????
л?????????? ???????????╗ ?а?????? ?? 1?2%
? ???, ??????? ??????????. ?а?????????
?? ???? ??????? ????? ????????.
????? ????? ??? ?а???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????, ?а?а2050 ????
????? ?????????? ?? 15-? ????? ?? ???????? ???,
????????? л???????╗ ???????? Economist Intelligence
Unit (EIU) ????? ????. ????? ?????а? ???????????
?а????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?????. ???????? ????????? ??????? EIU, ???
?а2050 ???? ????? ????????? ????? (??. ?????????).
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????????, ???????? ??? ????).
???? ??? ?а????????? ??????, ?а?? ?? ??????.
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???????, ??????????? ??? ???, ?а??? ????? ?????????
?? ????????????. ??????, ????????, ????? ?????????, ????? ????????, ?а?а2016 ???? ????????? ?????? ?????. ????????, ???????? ???????? ????????
??? (????????????? ???? ?? ????? ????? Uralsа?
$60 ?? ???????), ????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? 2,3%. ?????????? ???????? ($70) ?а????? ???????????? ????
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???????.
? ?? ????? ????????????: ???? ?а2016 ???? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????
??? ????? ?? ????? $80 ?? ???????, ?а?? ?????????а? 0,7%. ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????????
????? $60, ?? ???????? ?а????????? ???? ??????-
?28 [1036] 20.07?26.07.2015
??????
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11
?28 [1036] 20.07?26.07.2015
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???? ?а2016-?. ?????????-???????а? ???? ?? 0,7% ???
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?????.
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?? 2017-?╗.
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???????? ?????, ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????- ?а????????????? ????????? ???????????:
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1,7?2,4%, ????????? ????а? ?? 1,2?2,3%, ??????
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1?2% ??? ??????? ?? 2023 ???? ?а?????????? ??????? ??? л????? ??????╗. ?а?аEIU ??????? 1,3%
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?28 [1036] 20.07?26.07.2015
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???? ????? ?? ?????
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Research, ?а?????????? ????? ?????????????????? ????? ?? 1,7?2,7а?.а?. ????? ???????, ?? ??????? ????????? Moody?s, ?????? ??????????
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?а?????? ?? ?????? ?а????????? ??-?? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ??
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?????? ?? ???????????? ???. ?а??????, ????????,
?????? ???????? ???.
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??? ?????????? ????? 4% ???, ?а??????а? 1%), ??????????? ?а????????, ??? ????????? ???????????
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л????????? ????????????? ????╗ 1950?1970-?
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??? ?????????? ?а?.а?. ?а????? ??а? ??????? ?????????? ?а??.
???????, ??????? ?а??????-???? ????? ??????????? ?? ???? ???????????? ??????????. ?а?????????????? ?????? ?а1995 ???? ????? ?????, ?а?а?????????? 700а???. ???. ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? $30а???. ?? 20а???. ???????? ??????
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????? ????????? 2015
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2015: ????? ?????????╗. ???? ????? ???????????
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?28 [1036] 20.07?26.07.2015
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?28 [1036] 20.07?26.07.2015
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