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Художники
Kazimir Malevich. Black Suprematysm square.
1914-1915.
Підготувалпа
учениця11 класу
Клименко Тетяна
с. Хомутинці
2012
Kazimir Malevich. Black Suprematysm square.
1914-1915.
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A "black square" was perceived by many
as expression of "higher consciousness" in
that objects and conceptions acquire clear
simplicity.
At the same time, energy of picture carried
in itself chaos and destruction, tightened a
spectator in the abyss of world evil. A
mentally weak man could after the
protracted contemplation of the "Black
square" accomplish suicide. It was
marked repeatedly.
A "black square" causes hot argues until
now. We will bring quite opposite
expressions over of art critics :
A "square is concentrated in itself by
infinite world space, carries expression "
all" in an impenetrable black surface".
Biography
Kazemyr Malevich (on
February, 11(23)
1879[1], Kyiv - on
May, 15 1935,
Leningrad) is the
Russian and soviet
artist-avant-gardist of
the Polish origin,
teacher, theorist of art,
philosopher. A founder
of suprematyzm is
directions in an
abstract art.
• Kazimir Malevich was
born near Kiev in the Kiev
Governorate of the
Russian Empire (today
Ukraine). His parents,
Seweryn and Ludwika
Malewicz, were ethnic
Poles4 who had fled to
Ukraine in the aftermath
of the January Uprising of
18635 and he was
baptised in the Roman
Catholic Church. His
father managed a sugar
factory. Kazimir was the
first of 14 children, only
nine of whom survived
into adulthood.
His family moved often and he spent most
of his childhood in the villages of Ukraine
amidst sugar-beet plantations, far from
centers of culture. Until age 12 he knew
nothing of professional artists, though art had
surrounded him in childhood. He delighted in
peasant embroidery, and in decorated walls
and stoves. He himself was able to paint in
the peasant style. He studied drawing in Kiev
from 1895 to 1896.
In 1915, Malevich laid down the foundations of Suprematism when he
published his manifesto From Cubism to Suprematism. In 1915–1916 he
worked with other Suprematist artists in a peasant/artisan co-operative in
Skoptsi and Verbovka village. In 1916–1917 he participated in exhibitions of
the Jack of Diamonds group in Moscow together with Nathan Altman, David
Burliuk and A. Ekster, among others. Famous examples of his Suprematist
works include Black Square (1915)6 and White On White (1918).
In 1918, Malevich decorated a play, Mystery Bouffe, by Vladimir
Mayakovskiy produced by Vsevolod Meyerhold.
He was also interested in aerial photography and aviation, which led him to
abstractions inspired by or derived from aerial landscapes. As Professor
Julia Bekman Chadaga (now of Macalaster College ) writes:
And now you can look other
pictures of Malevich
Flower Girl, 1903
Taking in the Rye Kazimir Malevich 1911
Portrait of Matiushin Kazimir Malevich 1913
Running man 1932
Автор
olesiavizniak
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