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Конкурс: Обычаи и традиции: мост от прошлого к будущему.
Пацуков Александр Владимирович, ученик 10 класса. МКОУ Павловская СОШ. Руководитель: Калмыкова Светлана Николаевна. Table of contents: 1. Ireland – customs and traditions 2. Religious holidays 3. Attitude towards tourists 4. Folk and contemporary music 5. Festivals and fine art 6. Saints Brigid and Patrick 7. Wedding traditions 8. The stone of scone 9. Irish solo dance 10.Used sources of information Ireland - customs and traditions Ireland boasts a large number of folk customs. Many ancient traditions have been preserved since time immemorial. Examples of such traditions are fair, accompanied by folk dances and musicians, acrobats magicians in the squares in the city centre. Besides, fairs are held various competitions. One of the most important holiday is St. Patrick's day, which is celebrated every year on March 17. On this day, local residents dress up in green clothes, hosting parties with music, lots of beer, and of course with their favorite dances. A rather strange custom was associated with the Day of birth. The birthday on this day turned upside down and lightly hit his head on the floor as many times as he was plus one. The Irish are friendliness and politeness. As a rule to foreigners, they will be curious, but in relation to the British cautious. The peculiar temper of the Irish care and desire to help. With regard to the rules of conduct that you should know about tour, to welcome the Irish usually raise index finger up, and then do the head nod and handshake. In addition, it should be remembered that the country has not accepted the embrace between men, except in such cases as a football match. Irish folk music has preserved its tradition which traced the attraction to the music of the indigenous peoples of the United States. For Irish music is also characterized by a mixture of different classes, such as rock-n-roll, punk rock, and other variations. Besides folk music, the country is also prevalent modern classical music, although it is not so popular. Folk music followed certain traditional principles, and accompanied by dancing. For a typical musical rhythm characterized by guitar and bouzouki, but in the 19th century also became popular born and tambourine. Folk music is usually performed on a special occasion, such as during weddings or festivals. Among folk dances: reel, Hornpipe, jig, Mazurka, polka, and many others. Among traditional musical instruments: violin, flute, whistle, Irish bagpipes, harp, accordion, concertina, banjo, guitar, bouzouki, mandolin, bowran, harmonica, and many others. In Ireland it is possible to meet works of primitive fine art, expressed by a spiritual thread, and you can find a lot of products from the bronze age, attractive imitations of gold, educational manuscripts, which can be found in the region of Newgrange. Some notable painters are John Butler Yeats, William Orpena, Jack Yeats and Louis Le Brock. The Irish often hold fairs and festivals, celebrated with all the panache. Taking part in the "Festival gourmet" in the town of Kinsale you can enjoy gastronomic delights. Bachelors do not miss the opportunity to attend "a Festival Dating" in Lisdoonvarna, being Europe's largest festival of this kind. In County Kerry is fair "Puck Fair", during which a goat is crowned majestically, and is proclaimed king. Finally, mention should be made of the fair "Ould Lammas Fair", held at the North of the County Antrim, and attracts thousands of visitors. . One of the most fun and popular winter holidays Ireland is, of course, New year's eve, the whole world celebrates the 1st of January. What's different about this holiday in the country with the "emerald Islands"? For example, 31 December evening the Irish open the front door of his house, "the Old year to produce, and New – miss". And anyone with him will be included at this time in the house, will be most welcome. Approximately with the same deep meaning in this day, always lit candles by the window, ring bells, sing loud songs. And after the chimes strike twelve, the people of Ireland love to gather in large noisy company and go to celebrate the holiday on the streets and squares of your city. The Irish are very religious people. And it is not surprising that important national holidays of Ireland have become special days associated with the names revered in this country of the Saints. On the first day of February the Irish with reverence celebrate the Day of Saint Brigid — it is believed that Brigid was helped by the virgin Mary during childbirth. On this day, on the doors of Irish houses hung with woven cane crosses, and trees and bushes – tape and paper strips. The Irish believe that all this brings them in the house well being. But the most important national holidays of Ireland is, of course, St. Patrick's Day — the patron and protector of Ireland. Celebrations are held all day and night, March 17, one of the most unusual ways. The Irish believe in the legend that St. Patrick, long before his death had learned the date of his death and commanded to remember him on this day, not with tears, and fun. The Irish have never violated his request. In Scottish villages still have an unusual wedding tradition. There the bride before the wedding throw mud, making it in the truest sense. Of course, it happens not on the day of the ceremony, and in any of the preceding, when it announced a future celebration. When you do this, just pour the girl with dirty waternot enough Scots. They are preparing a special mix! It includes a large number of sticky substances and unpleasant sauces, eggs, butter, pasta, sour milk. Nasty liquid is always welcome! The poor bride from head to toe is just this horrible mixture. But here participants of the ritual are in no hurry to let her go home. The girl drive around the city, setting the stage for throughout drinking establishments. Everyone should see that the ritual is successfully completed. What's its meaning? According to one of the local beliefs after this humiliation, all the subsequent antics of the husband wife seem irrelevant. In Ireland there has been an unusual tradition in the small villages and observe today. According to the ritual during the wedding dance the bride had to get their feet off the ground so she wasn't kidnapped fairies. After all, these little creatures according to the legends I love everything beautiful. And is there at the wedding, something more beautiful than the bride? Also in Ireland the whole ceremony the bride gave a ring or bracelet from a person's hair. This souvenir was to help connect the lovers for life. Another tradition in Ireland is devoted to the kiss with a ... rock. He is part of the famous Scone of stone and built into the wall of Blarney castle. Kiss with the old relic, in the opinion of the Irish, grant to the participant of the ceremony a special eloquence. To carry out the ritual, we have a special way to hover with a high parapet, threatening, in case of failure, with serious injuries. Statistics are silent as to what percentage a person who kisses the cold block has achieved unprecedented success in oratory, but many still perform a strange ritual. By the way, this attraction Ireland recognized as "the most unhygienic in Europe". This is one of the most ancient on Earth types of dances, because the first mention of them dates back to the eleventh century. Difficult to find another like this, rhythmic and spectacular dance. Irish solo dance (Irish step-dance) is a kind of demonstration dances, which originated in Ireland and evolved from a traditional Irish dance. Irish solo dance is developing in most countries with major Irish Diaspora, though not all dancers are of Irish origin. http://irelandru.com/category/turisticheskie-dostoprimechatelnostiirlandii/tradicii-irlandii/ http://www.allturportal.ru/irlandija_tradicii.php http://www.otzivi-o-stranax.ru/irlandiya/tradicii_irlandii.php http://www.world-globe.ru/countries/ireland/culture/