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Методические рекомендации по профилактике суицида

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Автор: Департамент государственной политике в сфере защиты прав детей. Методические рекомендации по профилактике суицидального поведения детей и подростков в образовательных организациях
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cI.ITyaIII4I.r MexJrrrrHocrHoro xon$rnrra; ae rLr tr3 ceneii 6eNeHueB r{ nepeceneHueB.
Cy6r,erralm npo$ularrnuecKofi pa6orbr flBJrrrorcr: creur.raJrr4crbr o6pa:onaremnux
opraHnraqufi, y.rpex4eulri coqna,ruuofi 3aulnrbr riaceJrenr4r 14 cr,rcreMbr 3ApaBooxpaHeur4r,
corpyAHl4Kr4 opraHoB BH),TpeHHr,rx AeJr, npeAcraBurelu o6rqecrBeHHbrx o6r,eAlrseHr.rfi r.r
opraHrzsaquii, a rarcKe npeAcraBureJrr.r CMZ, :aHrauarouluecx npoSulaxrunofi 14 oKa3aHlleM
nollepxKlr ceMbflM. oKa3aBLuuMcr n rpyauofr NrlrHeHuofr crTyaut4u.
OcHosofi parrrrefi npoQurarrur[ qB,rqercfl: co3aaHr{e yclonufi, o6ecne.{uBaroulr4x
BO3MO)I(HOCTb HOpMiUrbHOfO pA3BIltIls, TTOApOCTKOB; CBOeBpeMeHHOe BbrrBJreHr4e THrrr.rqHbrx
Kprr3ucHbrx curyaquii, Bo3Hr4Karoulr4x y yqaqrrxcr olpe,4eJreHHofo Bo3pacra. flpotf ltraxrlrxa
AOJIXHa CTpOHTbCt Ha npr4HIIIinaX Cr4CTeMHOCTrr, KOMIIeKCHOCTr4, CoAep)Karen6HOt
HacblIqeHHocTI.t, ueJIocTHocTLt, 83aI{MocBfl3a}IHocTlI, flpoJIoHrI4poBaHHocTII, npeeMCTBeHHocTI{,
cKoop.qrzHr.rpoBaHHocrlr rcuxoJrofo-neAarorfiqecKoro conpoBox1eHHr o6pa:onareJrbHoro
npoqecca c yqeroM ToFo l4Jrlr r{Horo ypoBHr npoQu,raxruru:
HA ypogHe nuqHocmu: ,qocTynHocTr4 14 cBoeBpeMeHHocTr{ rroMorq}r rr noMepxKrr;
fyMaHI43Ma - Bepa B Bo3MoxHocrtr pe6eur<a, no:rarusHrlft fionxoA; peanucruqHocrr{ - yqer
peallbHbrx noglroxnocrefi pe6eHra u roHrperHofi curya:Jiz'4' cficreMHocrr{ - paccMorperrue
pe6eura KaK rleJrocrHoro, KaqecrBeHHo cnoeo6palroro, .quHaMnqHo pa3B14Baroqerocr cy6rexra;
r{HAr4BrrAyanbHoro [oAxoAa - r43MeHeHr4e corep)KaHr,rr, rpopu u c[oco6oB KoppeKur{oHHopasnuoaronleii pa6orrr B 3aBr,rcnMocrrz or oco6eHHocrefi pe6eHKa, rrereii pa6orbr, no3urlllv LI
sosl.{oNHocrefi cneu}ranucra; AerreJlbHocrHoro rpr{Hur{[a KoppeKr1r.rn - onopa na ne1yulzii nrlg
AetreJlbHocrl,t, csoiicrsenulrfi Bo3pacry pe6eHxa;
n
Tesaypyc cM.
B
npr-rnoxeHru.
Ha yposHe o6pa3o6amerbHoi opeaHu3a\uu:
[poQeccrroHanr43Ma creurraJrr.rcToB -
ICTIXOJIOTOB, COllr4anbHbrx neAarOrOB, yrrr.rTerefi
u lpyrurx yrtacTHrrKoB yqe6Ho-BocnrrTaTeJrbHofo
npouecca; nprropr,rTeTHocTr4 npeBeHTr{BHocTr4 cour4ajrbHHx npo6neMt coTpy,uHr4rrecTBa c
yqpexAeHutMH I,I opnaHaMrr, KoTopble 3aHr{MaroTcr BonpocaMu oxpaHbr ncl4xr4qecKofo 3,{opoBbt
HecoBeprrreHHoJreTHr.rx
ero llpoounaKTuKofi; onepexarcuero xapaKrepa ncltxoJ]orone,{aroruqecKofi npoQnrarruKr,r; KoHcrpyrcfl4BHo-Iro3r{Tr,tBHoro xapaKrepa lpeBeHrlrru;
yposHe zocydapcmeeuxurx yupecrcdenufi; crrcreMHocrr,I. B3aI{Mo,ueficrBHt
peflloHtulbHbtx opraHoB LtcrroJrHureJrbr{ofr nracru, opraHoB MecrHoro caMoynpaBJreHr,rr 14
rIoABeAoMcrBeHHbIx IrM oprauu:aqufi,
raKxe uexnpoQeccroHulJrbHoe ssaur{o.qeficrnfie
cneqr{uurl,IcroB pa:urlqHblx cJryx6 u BeAoMcrB; eAusofi crparerr{n npoQlrrarruru, BK;rroqat
ocHoBHbIe HanpaBJreHr,rr, MeToAr,rqecKI,Ie noAxoabl I{ KoHKpeTHbIe MepofiputTnt; KoMnJIeKcHoro
ucnoJrb3oBaHr{r coq[aJrbHbrx, ncl,IxoJlornqecKllx L JI[qHocTHo-opueHTItpoBaHHblx HanpaB,TeHnfi
u tpoptr,t flpo{r,Irarcrr4qecxofi gexremuocrr{; coorBercrBfiq npo@r4naKTr,rqecKofi .uerre:rbHocrr,r
coqlranrno- 3KoHoMlrqecKotrt curyaguu B crpaHe, perr4oHe, MyHr{qunrurbHou o6pa:onauuu;
coorBercrBr,rr npoQluarruuecxr.rx Qopu r{ MeroAoB 3aKoHoaareJrbHbrM aKTaM Qe4epa,rruoro n
pef r4oHaJrbHof o 3HaqeHr4r.
Kounnercc nctaonozo-nedazozutrecKux yctoeuit, o6ecneauoanu4ux npobluaKmuKy
cyu4udanauozo noeedenua e o6pasoeamenauoi cpede, nrltoqaer e ce6s:
BhIAeJreHr4e K;rroqeBbtx flapaMerpoB o6pa3oBarerbHofi cpe.qu;
opfaHu3arlurc flcr4xoJrofo-neAafofr4qecKofo conpoBoxAeHr4r r.r npeBeHrlr.rr{ KaK ero
u
Ha
a
HanpaBJr€HI4t;
o6yveuue neraforuqecKoro
KoJrJrercrr4Ba HaBbrKaM paHHefo
pacno3HaBaHut
cyllul4,uilJrbHoro rroBeAeHut HecoBepIIeHHoJreTHHx;
ypoBHeByro npoQr,rnaxrnry cyr4rtr4.qoB n o6pasonarelbHbrx opraHr{3arryrrx Ha ocHoBe
BHeIpeHIrt I4HAr{BuAyaJrbHbrx
rpynrroBbrx nporpaMM
Qopnlzponauuto HaBbr(oB
aAanTr,rBHofo noBe.4eHI,It;
coBMecrHyro aerreJrbHocrb o6pa3oBarenbHbrx opraHr{3auufi u orlelruhrx counaJlrHr,rx
I,IHCTI,ITyTOB nO [peAoTBparqeHr,rrc Cyr4Urr.4irnbHOfO nOBeAeHUt MOJIOAe)|(I.t.
Cog,qasue neAarorfiqecKr.rx yclonufi .qnr peanH3arluu nu6opa no,qpocrKa Mex,qy xrr3Hbro
I4 CMepTbrO BO3MO)r(HO nr{Ub npu pa3perrreHur,I npomueopeuu , KoTopbre cyulecTByrcT MexAy
r{
rro
qelrrcyle6uo-Bocnl4TarerbHoro npoqecca, :auroqaroueftcr B Bocnr4Tanuu rapuoHuuuofi
u qenocruofr Jrr{rrHocrr{, u ero peurnbnofi opuenraquefi r.rcuroquT erbHo Ha 3uanvfl r
Al4culrnJrr{Hy; ueN4y norpe6HocrrMr,r coBpeMeHHofi rxKoJrbr B opraHrr3aur4rr npo$ularruuecrofi
pa6oru no ynpexAeHr{ro cyr4rlr,rAirJrbHoii arrunnocru rroApocrKoB r,r orcyrcrBr4eM B rrrKoJre
npaKTI.IKLt BbIrBJreHr4r gerefi rpynnu cyuu[IanbHoro pncKa. llkola, r^Bls.s.cr> o.{Hofi r43
ocHoBHbrx cour4irJrr,r3lrpyrc Ivx cpe.[ (uapx4y c ceMbeii), r xoropofi pe6enor HaxoAHTcs B
TeqeHlre 1l aer, uueer Bce Bo3MoxHocrv r,rr, opraHx3arluu nranouepHofi qerenanpanrenHoft
pa6orbr rro OopMr.rpoBaHr{ro )r(r43Hecrofirocrn pe6dHra, pacKpbrr}rro ero noreHrlr,ra;ra, ocBoeHr4ro
cnoco6oB npeoAoJreHrrr npo6nerr,r, a rarcr(e oKa3aHr{r npo+eccnoHanrHofi noggepxKr,r ceMbe B
xoae [c[xoJroro-rreAaForl{qecKoro conpoBoxAeHnt HecoBepueHHojreTHux.
Ocnoeuate ycnolun ycneuuofi peanu3d4uu uodelu ncuxonozo-nedazo?ulecKozo
conpoeotrcdeu ua npoQutaxmuxu cyu4udatuu ozo noee den un HecoaepweHHore mH ux'
I. Muxpoco4uanuuute (wxonauate) ycnoeua. flpecrux 3AopoBoro o6pasa xu:Hu B rrrKoJre.
Coorsercrsue npr4rrlKoJIbHoro yqacrKa, 3aaHI,It ITIKoJIbI, eno nJraHI,IpoBKIr, MI,tKpoKJrI4Mara,
cBeroBoro pexI,IMa, orIeJrKI-r, o6opy.[oBaHr4r yqe6Hhrx I,I He yqe6Hbrx rroMeureHl{f , a rarur(e
opraHrr3arlnu [rKolrbHoro nr,ITaHur caHnrapHo-rttrl4eHuqecKI4M Tpe6oBaHlrrM 14 coBpeMeHHoMy
Au3airry. Haruque B rrrKoJre rr KJracce arlrocQepu, cnoco6crnyrouleii xopoureuy HacrpoeHulo,
sHcoxofi pa6orocnoco6Hocrr.r, rcuxorr4f[eHuqecKoMy rou$opry. Vqer alruaunxu yucrnennoii
pa6orocnoco6Hocrr{ rrpr4 opraHr43aur4n yve6uoro rpy.{a u or,(brxa, nn6ope pexr{MoB o6yvenn.r,
cocraBrenlrr4 HeAeJrbHoro pac ucaHvfl; ucrroJrb3oBaHr4e Ha ypoKax :4oponrec6eperarorqux
neAaroffiqecrr{x rexHo.norufi, MI4HI,IMI43aqI{I crpeccoBbrx sog,qeftcrsuft Bo BpeMr npoBeAeHr4t
KoHTpoJrbHbIx pa6or u gK3aMeHoB.
2. Ilonu'tanue pyxoeodumenntu wKotbt u nedazozuqecKlt"r, KorreKmu*oM 3Haqur4ocmu
peweHltn lonpocos Qop,vtupoeauun, coxpaHeHua u yKpenneHua sdopoeua yqoryuxct B rrpoqecce
loryqeHus nruu o6paronaHr{r, upr4cyrcrnue Qarropa corluanbHoro ogo6peuur AeqrerbHocrr4,
oruecennofi K 3AopoBoMy o6pasy xurHu (aa,'ree - 3OX). Haruuve y yqurerr srrcoroii
KyJrbrypbr 3,uopoBbr, peaJrr,r3aur{f r,rM noJroxr.rreJuHoft vo,qeru 3,[opoBoro o6pa:a xusuu.
3. {Dopuupoeanue y utKotbHuKoe B npoqecce o6yveuua u BocnumaHus co6cmeenuutx
ycmaHosoK, nompe6uocmefi u suaqltMoi Momuna1uu ua co6nndeuue HopM u npaaut 3Oll{,
Haxortuefi o4o6peulre r4 rroAAepxKy cpe,qtr cBepcrHr4KoB u B ceMbe, rAe c paHHero Bo3pacra
3aKnaAbrBarorcr npe,unocbrJlKr4 3AopoBoro lrru, Hao6opor, agr{Krr{BHoro, caMopa3pyuarculero
noBe,qeHrrr.
4. KoucmpyrcmusHcrt norumuKa wKoJtbt 6 omHoweHuu sdopoeun r,r Jrr4rrHocrHoro pa3Blrrut
Aerefr peaJlbHhle ueHHocrt4, HopMbr H [paBr4Jra, no3BoJrrroulue npe,ubrBJrrrb aAeKBarHbre
rpe6onaHu-r K Bo3MoxHocrtM yqeHI4KoB, ycraHaBJruBarb rrerKrre lpaBrlra r4 nocJreAoBareJrbHo r4x
BblnoJlHrrr, co6.nroaaru AI4cIIurIJIuHy Ha ocHoBe nooupeHlrt no3I,ITHBHoro noBeAeHriJr, aKTuBHo
yqacTBoBaTb
xr{3HeaerTeJrbHocTr,r lrrKoJrbr, ycTaHaBJI{BaTr, oTHorrreHr,rr loBepr{r 14
KoHcrpyrcr{BHoro ssaHr{oAeft crsrrr.
5. Cne4uanouan npoQeccuouanuuaa nodzomoerca yuumeneit, fracrByloru x B peuu3a\uu
-
B
AaHHoi MoAeJrr{.
flcr.rxonoro-neAarorurrecKoe cottpoBoxAeHne
o6pa3oBarerbHoro npoqecca,
ua npoQularrr.rKy cyr4rlrrganbHoro noBeAeHur o6yrarouluxcfl, aBrr'ercr^
MHoroypoBHeBhrrr,r. B rpagurluoHHof cxeMe rIpo$uraKTlrKlr ocHoBHbrM Kpr.rrepneM Br,raeJreHr{t
ypoBHr BbrcTyrrasT cTerreHb cyr{ur{AirJrbHof o prrcKa, B MoAeJrr4 ncr4xojlofo-fleAaroruqecKono
corrpoBox.qeHr4r nporpurarruKu npe.qnanaercs uoaard nodxod - rto ypoBHrM couuamnofi
crpyKrypbr o6pa:onare;mrofi oprauu:aquv, Ha..l:aHaA or noApocrKa, Aanee - lpynnbr ero
6ruxafiurero [IKoJ]bHoro oKpyxeHnr, 3areM - IIrKoJIbt. flpuHqunuamHbrM orJrrrqrreM TaKofo
noAxo,qa rBJrrrorcr rleneBbre rpyrrnbr Kalquoro ypoBHr, xapaKTepr43yroqr{ecr r4 KaK o6beKT, r.r
rar cy6lerr npeBeHrlrru.
HanpaBJreHHoro
9$Qexmaenue "uodenu ncuxoJto?o-nedazozu.rccnozo conposoxrcdeHun npotpwnxmuxu
cy u qud ant uo zo no6ed e H ut ofyqflnul axc.fl
Hara6oaee srp$exrunHofi
B
o6pa3oBareJrblrofi opraHn3 arrlztr ABrrflercr noypoBHeBair
MoAeJrL flcnxoJrofo-ne,qaroraqecKoro conpoBo)r(AeHr,n npoQnraxruxu cyuurrAil'rrHoro
rroBeAeHr4r o6yvanuluxcr: <.fl caut - nporpaMMa caMonoMonlr4 noApocrKa (ypoeeuu nuuuocmu)
u <Paeuufr - pa6HoMy>> l.roauQuraqu.s nporpaMMbr coBpeMeHHoro MoJroAexHoro
KpayAcopcuHra (ypoeeua ceepcmuuxoe).
Ilpozpan-ua <fl catu no cnoefi cyru npe.qcraBrfler vHrLrBu4yilJrbHoe ncuxororone.qaFofuqecKoe conpoBoxAeHr{e no,[pocTKa u HanpaBneHa Ha: npeAynpexleHr4e pa3BArLt'
ar{aaKroreHr.ru; ocyulecrBJreHrre cflcreMbr Mep, npeanonanaeMbrx parpa6orny KoMrJ]eKca
Meroar,rK o6yreuur gerefi rpynnsr cyfiqr{AarJrbHoro pficKa; paapa6orxy pexfiMa rr [poBeAeHrrt
r.rHAr,rBr.rAyaJrbHofi
KoppeKu[oHHofi pa6orbr
c
o6yqarcqr,rMr,rcr rpynnbr cyuurrAarbHoro pncKa
nO BOCrrI4TaHr,Irc u
IICIIXOJTOTOM r,r KJTaCCHbTM pyKOBO.qUTeJreM; OKa3aHrre I]OMOUIU po,qr{TeJrrM
o6y.IeHl,rn pe6eHKa. flcr.rxororo-neAaroruqecKoe conpoBoxAeHr,re HanpaBJreHo Ha
(f oprrauponanr.re xugHectofirocrl,r HecoBeprueHHoJlerHux, Tex KaqecrB rl,rqHocrl,r, Koropbre
tBJrtlorcr o6ur4Mr.r y eQQerrunHo aAanrrrpyrcuuxcr nroAefi :
a) pealrnar cnoco6uocrb BI,I.{erb rr npI,IHI,IMarr, .4eficrBr4TeJrbHocrb raKofi, KaKoBa
oHa
ecTb;
6) ynreuue HaxoAr,rrb fioJroxr.rreJrr,Hhre cropoHbr B pa3Jrr{qHbrx xrr3HeHHbrx cr,rryaqurx;
r) cnoco6uocrb rBopqecKr.r nepepa6arrrBarb uu(bopMaquro r4 Bbrpa6arbrBarb HoBr,re,
HenpI,IBbIqHbIe vrv HeoqeBHAHbre MeroAbr perxeHr,rr npo6neM. B rpoprrauporanun
Nlrgnecrofirocu,I HeMaJIyro poJlb npr{3BaHbr cbrFparb rrr4Tenr fyMaHr4TapHofo qr{Kjra, npoBo,qt
6ece.4u o cMbrcJre 6urur, o ueHHocru xu3Hl,t, o HenoBTopl,IMocrr4 KaxAoro MfHoBeHlIfl. B
KaqecrBe Bo3MoxHbIx Qopru npereuqfirr Moryr 6urr npe,qloNeHbr yporn - 6uorpaQuu, yporr.r npLIMepbI, ypoKl4 - cyAr6u, ypoKl.r - Bcrper{[, ypoKr{ - Aucnyrbr o cMbrcJre xr43Hr{, ypoKrt
Jrororepalrru, ypoKlr - sKcKypcr4t4 14 !.p.
Pa:pa6orra r4 peanr{3auur nporpaMMbl r4HAI4BI,IAyaJrbHofo nc}rxoJroruqecKoro
corrpoBox.qeHrrr npeanoJraraer: ycraHoBneHr,re KoHTaKTa, oueHKy JreraJlbHocrl (nosuoxHocru
cyuuula), BhItBJIeHI{e npo6JreMbl u npr.r Heo6xoAr,rMocrr4 3aK;rroqeHr,{e c noApocrKoM (aoroBopa
o HeHaHeceHr4r,r ce6e yuep6a u Bpe4a 3AopoB6Io>; BbrrBreHue HeaAarrrr{BHbrx ncr4xoJrofl{qecKr{x
ycraHoBoK, 6.ttorupyrcrqux orrrr{MrurbHbre cnoco6rr pa3perxeHr4r Kpr,r3r4ca, u nupa6orny HaBbrKoB
caMoKoHTpoJrr rr caMoKoppeKrlnu B r4x oTHo[eHr,[r; KoppeKrltirc Hea.qanTr4BHbrx
ncr{xoJrofnqecKrrx ycTaHoBoK; yKperrjreHne Jrr4qHocTHbrx pecypcoB; pacuupeHr{e ceTrr
coqna.nrsofi [o.unepr(Kr, flyreM npr.rBneqeHr,u K ncrrxoKoppeKul,roHHofi pa6oTe 3HaquMr,Ix JIru u3
ero oKpyxeul.rr (pogure;ru, yqr.rreJrr, cBepcrHr4Kr.r, clerlr4aJrr4croB ra r.A.). B cnyrae Qarra
coBepIIIeHr.rr cyurrrzAa rrz6o napacyuqra4a r pa6ore seo6xoAuuo npr4Brer{b y3Kr{x cneur4arJrr,rcroB
(Hanpuuep, ficuxorepaneBTa). a rarxe BbrAeJr rb (rpynny pr{cKa) TpaBMarn3aur{r,r BcJreAcrBr{e
Qarra cyuqu4a rn6o napacyuqu.qa (pogurenu v 4pysbs cyuuuleHTa, ne.[arortr u Ap.). Pa6ora
Moxer ocyqecrBJltrbcr KaK B Fpynnonoft, rar v B rrH4rrBLr4yalruoft Soprr,re. O.uHaro
o6cyxgeHue [HTI,IMHbrx flpxrruH 14 rroBoAoB, npr4BeArrrux K noflbrrKe cyuuv1a, cne,qyer
rIpoBoAI4Tb I436l4parerbHo. B nporparr.rue <<-f, carra> MoxHo Bbr,ueJrr,rrb ,qBa ocHoBHr,rx
HanpaBJreHr,rr nporpurarruru - o6uee npoQuraKTnqec(oe r.r Kpr43ucHoe.
Ilepeoe HanpasreHue - o6u4aa npoputaxmurca, B cBoro oqepeAb, Moxer gKrroqarr s ce6s
TaKrie HanpaBJrenn.r pa6o'ru, xar:
l) xopperct4uonno-pea6u"tuma4uoHHoe: pa3BlaTve caMoperynrqfiu; noucK v aKTuBv3a\uA
no3r4TI4BHhIX pecypcoB: cHrrue MbrueqHbrx 3axnMos (ocsoeH e MeroaoB pe,rarcaqnu):
KoppeKuur gMorlr4oHilJlbHo-rl,rrrHocrHofi c$epbr (cuuxeHne rpeBoxHocrrr, noBblueHue
yBepeHHocrr.r e ce6e, xoppexqur caMooqeHK[ r.r ypoBrur nplrrrsaHlrfi); oBJraAeHrre cfloco6aM]r
eaauMoAeficrsl4t c caMuM co6ofi l.r c oKpyxarcuuM Mr,rpoM; orpearupoBaHr,re nepexlrnauufi,
cBq3aHHbrx c ncuxorpaBMarraqecroft crryaquei; nrr6op Nu:ueHHoro [yrr{, [ocraHoBKa
xusueuHrrx qerefi;
2) onpedeneuue zHympeHHrx u aHeMHux pecypcoe nodpocmrca, Koropble cny)(ar ocHoBoft
ero xugHecrofiKocru r.r yBerr,rqrrBaror BeporrHocrb npeoAoJreHur Kprr3r{ca. K nnyrpeuuuu
pecypcaM oTHocqTcs: IrHcTr,rHrcr caMocoxpaHeHHr; ypoBeHb pa3BnTr4Jr r.rHTeJrJrercra;
KoMMyHI4KarI4Buufi norenqr.rar; ueHHbre AJrr noApocrKa acnercrbr ero <-fl>; noguruguufi onrn
pelxeHltt npo6JIeM. K nneursr.nr pecypcaM Mor(Ho orHecrr{: 3Haqr{Mbrx rrcAeft, Ha Koropbrx qaqe
Bcefo noJrararorcr cyuquaeHru, uro6n qyBcrBoBarb cBoro peiurbHocrb, aBToHoMHocrb,
r4cnblTblBarb orHocllTeJlbHoe cnoKoftcrBlle u AocraroqHyro ueHHocrb. Vrpara lmu yrpo:a
noTeprr TaKoro qeJroBeKa MoxeT BbI3BaTb B3pbrB qyBcTBa oAr4HoqecTBa, Apoc"fLl rr npe3peHr4r K
ce6el :Havnuyro AerreJlbHocrb. Koropaq rBJrrsrcr HcroqHHKoM cra6r.uunocrn. oco6euHo
TBopqecKar; couuamnrrfi orrbrr, B ToM rrlrcJre AyxoBHbrfi (peruruosuufi).
B paurax KoppeKr1r.roHHo-pea6urunaquoHuofi pa6oru peKoMeHAyercr: r{3yqeHrre 3anpoca
rr nocJreAyroqee npoBeAeur{e KoMnJreKcHoft ncuxororuqecrofi AzarHocrr,rKr4 3Mour4oH:rJrbHoalrqnocrnoii r4 KoMMyHrrKarlrnnoil cQep noApocrKa; LrHAr4BuAyaJrbHoe KoHcyJrLTIrpoBaHue
lorpocrKa 14 qJreHoB ceMbrr; npoBeAeHr{e rrHArlBr4Ayr}JrbHbrx KoppeKrrrroHHo-pea6unfiTarlr4oHHbrx
satsrui4 c noApocrKoM. B raqecrse uudurcamopoe sQQexmueuocmu sroi4 pa6orbl Moryr 6bITb
oflpeAefieHbl cJ]e,qyrcuue rroKa3aTerr4: ypoBeHb TpeBoxHocTr{ B npe,qeJrax HopMbr; oTcyrcTBfie
HenpoAyKTr.rBHoft uepnuo-ncuxuqecrofi HanprxeHHocrrr; cQoprr.trponaHHar aAeKBarHat
caMooueHKa; oprreH'raqrrfl B cucreMe qennocrefi, cQoprr,ruponaHHoe rleHHocrHoe orHo[reHr,re K
)KLr3HLl v 3aopoBbro; aAanraq[r B rrrKoJlbHoM KorJreKTr,rBe, ceMbe; oco3HaHr4e co6crBeHHbrx
qyBcrB, rurrclefi; oco3HaHlle co6crBeHHoro rryBcrBa rHena, 4u$$epeHurraqrrr nprreMJleMbrx r.r
HenpueMJreMbrx croco6on Bhrpa)r(eHr.rr rHeBa; nprlHrrlre co6crseHHofi yHr.rxalsHocrlr (co:gaulre
qyBcrBa csoero co6crneHnoro <<-f, >> c coorBercrByrorqulru rpanuqauu).
Bmopoe Hanpa+reHue
Kptt3ucHoe (nocmeen4un). flo4pocrox AoJrxeH sHarr Qaxropu,
pncK
noBblrlrarollll{e
cyr4unAa: MexJrr4qHocrHbre Kpr,r3r,rcbr (B ToM r.nrcre raK Ha3brBaeMar peaKrlr4t
KoporKoro raurrxauur); Tr)Kerar yrpa'ra (cocrorH e ncfixnJrrrrr.r): na,qeHue ypoBHt caMooueHKHl
yrpara cMbrcJra xr43Hr,r r4 nepcneKTuBbr; crpeMJreHrze BepHyrb ce6e rourpo,rr 3a oKpyxeHr{eM;
3aBUCI4MOCTb OT ApyrHX r{ HeyAOBJTeTBOpeHHOCTb TaKUM nOJrOXeHr,reM; npr{Mr.rTr{BHOCTb
Mbr[ureHn.f, (ueroner He 3Haer - KaK orpearnpoBarb Ha cJroxHyro curyaquro); yrrorpe6JreHr{e
aJrKoroJu r,r HapKorI.rKoB, Koropbre cnriMator 6aprepu 3rpaBoro cMbrcJra; aKueHTyupoBaHHocrb
-
ruqHocrr{ (Hec6a,rancuponaHHax ncllxlrxa); HapyrxeHHa:r caMoKpurnrrHocrb; TrxeJrat
HacJre,qcrBeHHocrr; ne6raronpnrrHble corlr4aJrbHrre ycJloBr4t; Harv.rue rrpexHux nonr,lro(
cyv\uI.a: Tq)Kerbre coMaruqecKr4e sa6oresaHr4q.
flpr.r o6uapyxeuuu Sama He3aBep[eHHoro cyr4un,qa uJrr4 ero noreHuuuurbHofi yrpo:n
Heo6xo4ul,ro Bbr3Barb po.qurelefi, Bpaqa-cnerll4anucra MeAr4(r,IHcKono qerrrpa; ro,(KJrroqurr>
cnequan[croB yupeN4enuii coquaJrbHofi 3ar{HTbr (uenrp norr,roulrl ceMbe c flpr{roroM,
I,IHcneKTopa no .qeJraM HecoBep[eHHo,rerunx), Koraa rrMercTcr Sarrrr x(ecrKoro o6parqeHlrr c
pe6eHKoM, BbrpaxeHHar rouSlurtHocrb, aMopanbHoe noBeAeHr{e rrneHoB ceMbH, 3anor4
pogurereff. flpn nulueulru cyuquAaJ]bHoro cryira{ Ha ocHoBaHrrrr npnKa3a <06 oprauu:ar1rzr.r
BeAeHI4t y.rera o6yvanquxcr, HaxoArrrlr,rxcr r rpyAuoft xr-rsHeuHofi cvrya\larr>> cynqr{aeHTa
craBrr Ha yrrer n orBercrBeHHr,re nr4ua pa60Taror co (CnyqaeM C> - scr aoKyMeHTaur4r r4,4er
no4 rpr.rQou <[nr cryxe6uoro rroJrb3oBaHras). Bc.f, HHQopMauur xoHQngenquarbHar, npaBa
pe6eHKa crporo oxpaHrrorcr orBercrBeHHr,rMr{ cneqr{aJrucraMn c co6lroAenzeM npr4Hquna (He
HaBpeAI4). flepnoovepegnnltr 3aAaqaMr4 6pnra4rr .rrBlr*orcr He roJrbKo Br,IrBneHrre
fioreHrrr,rrrJrbHbrx cyuur4AeHToB, nocrpaAaBrxr4x, Ho u o6ecneqenue nx 6eronacnocrn,
nperorBpauleHre vru npeKpaureHr.re naHr4qecKr{x peaxqufi nocrpaAaBru{x, HeAonyueHue
ypoBHt
noBTopHoro cy[uu,ua. 3tp(perrr.raHocrb npoBoArrMbrx Mepoflprurvri.r 3aBvcur
reoperuvecrofi Lr npaKTr4qecKofi noArorosKu cflequiurrcroB c orpa6orrofi ylreHufi oKa36rBarr,
paKTI-IqecKyIo noMoulb. Opranu:arop rpyrlrrbr ' uaccnrrfi pyKoBoar4TeJrb, Koop4rrHarop
co,qepxaHur AeqrerbHocrn - rurolr,uslii ficuxoJlor, KoopA[Harop cB.f,3u c cour4yMoM coqlra,rrHufi rreAaror. O6rqufi KoHTpoJrb ocyqecrBJrrer 3aMecrrrre;rr, AI,IpeKTopa no
BOCnr.rTaTeJrbHofi pa6ore, npoQeccuoua.rnuufi
KOHTpOJTb O6ec[eqr.IBaer lpeAceAarenr>
ncr{xoJroro-Me,[ItKo-ne,(arorI{qecKofo KoHcr.rJl14yMa. Cylrqulenr HaxoAr{Tc.n Ha rrocrorHHoM
or
conpoBoxleHl4lt He MeHee noryroAa, IrocJIe
qeto
KoHcI4JruyM flpr.rHr.rMaer perxeHue o
AanbHefiureM conpoBoxAeHr4r,r [ocrpaAaBrxefo, 3aKpbrrr,In (Cny.rar C>, cHrruu c yqera. B oco6o
TpyAHbrx cnyqarx pe6eHoK .qoJrxeu Haxo.qurlcq Ha conpoBoxAeHr4u He MeHee AByx Jrer r,rJrr4
fiocrorHHo.
B Hacrosuee BpeMr B ue,rrx npoQruraKTrlKr4 cyriur{AaJrr,Hlrx uauepeuufi no,qpocrKoB
cneurraJudcrbl o6pa3oBarerbHbrx opraHI,I3auxfi npoBolrr pa3nuqHbre npoSlrrarrlrvecxue
3aBfl'tufl, I{ TpeHLIHrt{ B IIIKOJIbHbIX KOJIJIeKTIBaX, HaIIpaBJIeHHbIe Ha: I]OBbIUIeHI4e ypOBHt
rpyunonofi cnJrorreHHocrr{ B IuKoJIe; co31anue o6uux luKonr,Hbrx nporpaMM rrcuxoJrorr4qecKoro
3AopoBbr, 3.qopoBo[ cpeAb] B rxKone; npuBr{Trre cyqecrByrouux B o6urecrBe coqnaJrbHbrx HopM
rroBeAeHr4r; rpoplruponaHrae AercKoro MunocepArrr; pa3Brrrr4e ueHHocrHbrx ornorrreHlrfi s
cour4yMei cHflTrle crpeccoBoro cocrorHur: o6yveHue noApocrKoB npo6rev Ho-patpeuarcureMy
Ip.
He onpoaeprar 3HaquMocrr4 raKr'tx Meponpurruil, pexoveH.uyercr aorroJlHI,ITeJILHo
I{cnoJrb3oBarb Bo3Mo)I(HocrI,I flpI,IHuI,InHanbHo uHoro flo.qxoAa, Ha3BaHHofo <Paenotti [oBeAeHr4ro
r.r
(oroporo cocrot4T B rroAroroBKe
BoJIoHTepoB r43 qr4cJla o6yqarcuuxct
o6pa3oBarerbHbrx opnaHrz3aut.rfi, cnoco6usrx cBo14Mr4 cprraMu Becrr,r nponaraHAy, HanpaBneHHyro
Ha cHl,u(eHrle ypoBH.r cyr{uuar}JrbHoro pr{cKa B nogpocrxonofi cpe4e. CyruecrByer rpr{ Tr{na
o6pa3oBarerbHo-Bocnr{TareJrbHbrx flporpaMM AJrr noapocrKos. Han6oree pacnpocrpaHellur,r fi !rs
HI4x I4Meer ycJroBHoe Ha3BaHue <<Bapocnate - uonodatu>s - B paMKax nponpaMMbl Bce TIJIaHbI I{
pel eHut npr{Hr{Marorcr B3pocJrbrMr4, a MoJro.qexb npr4rJra[aercr Alr o6l:are,rrHofo yqacrl4t.
Bropofi Tun npofpaMMst - <Bspocnarc c uotrodwuu>t, B paMKax roropoii B3pocJrble nJraHlrpy]or, a
MoJroAbre ocy[IecrBJ]rror, r4crroJrHrror 3a,qyMaHHoe. PeAxufi rr Bo MHoroM c,roNnrrft ,q,r.f,
Hcno;Ib3oBaHllt n o6paronarer bHoii opraH 3 agun rpetuit rr{n [porpaMMbr - <Monodde c
63poctbtl4u), B paMKax roropofi MoJroAbre nroAr,r crporr nnaHbr, npr4Hr.rMaror perxeurrr, HaxoArr
BbtxoA u3 sarpyaHeulrfr, Toraa KaK B3pocJrbre JrroAr4 ToJrbKo rroMoralor 14 rro.ruepxl4Balor I{x B
ponHowyD, c),Tb
9TOM.
ConpeueHna.r BapvarJur rrporpaMMbr <Panurrfi-paBHoMy> npeaycMarpr4Baer:
npofleccuoua,rsHyro no,lr-oroBKy Mononexu K nepe.4aqe :HaHufi. HaBbrKoB coxpaHeHr.rr 3aopoBbt
u a4artnarp4r4 K npaBrrraM o6rqecrBa; KoHrponb 3a pa6orofi MonoAbrx rpeHepoB. O6yueuue no
npr4Hrrr4ny <panuufi-pannoMy> cpear{ MoJroaexr{ - ero o6y.renue, npr.r KoropoM caMlr MoJro,4bre
JrroAr{ nepeAaror 3HaHr4r, Qopl,rrzpyor ycraHoBKr{ n cnoco6crnyrcr aupa6orxe HaBbrKoB cpeArr
paBHhIX ce6e no Bo3pacry, couuiurbuoMy crarycy, uMerorunx cxoAHbre rrHTepecbr. 3auacryrc
r.rMeHHo cBepcrHr4K craHoBr,ITct aBTopI4TeroM ra o6pa:qorr,r AJrr nogpaxaHr,n B Fpy rle. OrreHb
BaxHo, rrro6bl KyMtrpoM oKa3arct qeJIoBeK, qr,nMu )Ku3HeHHbrMr4 qeHHocrrMn tBmlorct
3aopoBbe, mo6onr, caMocoBeprxeHcrBoBaHr,re, noMorrlb ApynlM JrrcArM. TaxlrM .{eroneKor4 u
Moxer crarb noApocroK-BoJrourep. Oprauu:yr pa6ory B no3lrulrr4 (rra paBHbrx)), BoJroHTep
IloMoraer flplrHqrb yqacrHuKy zar.sruit ua ce6s orBercrBeHHocrb 3a cBou perxeHr,rr r4 BbI6opbI. B
Llrore B3pocJroe coo6uecrBo noJryqaer 6o.nee e$(fexrr{BHoro rrJreHa o6uecrBa, cnoco6Horo
orcrar,rBarb cBor,r rlHTepecbr I,t noMonarb .[pyrr,rM. OAHrlNr us BaxHbrx orAareHHbrx pe3yJrbraroB
voxer 6nrr, cHr{xeHr4e ypoBHr lrH$aurlur,Hocru v arpeccvv s o6urecrse. Begr nogpocrralt
nocreneHHo nepe4aercr orBercrBeHHocrr, 3a rrx co6crBeHHoe 3AopoBbe r.r 6y.uyuee. Onn
craHoBrrcr 6oree cauocrorre:rbHbrMu u rpe6yror uenruefi oneru, KaK n 6luxafiurepr
6yayueu, TaK 14 B orraJreHHofi nepcrreKTrrBe.
flporparrlrraa <PasHbril - paBHoMy) npe.qrroJraraer:
.UetTenbHOCTI' nO IIO.{TOTOBKO ne.UarOfOB-TpeHepoB AJI' opraHl43a\uv pr pOBeneHnfl
obyveHlrr [oApocrKoB;
10
[o.4roToBKy noApocTKoB-HHcTpyKropoB r43 qr,rcJra noApocTKoB, npoue.qrxfix
cooTBeTcTByloulee o6y.reHr.re, K npocBeTlrTeJrbcKofi AeflTeJrbHocTr4 B cpeAe poBecHr4KoB.
I-{enr o6yveuur: Hayqurr norpocrKoB pacflpocrpaHrrb BurirJrbHr,re npr.rHuunbr cpeAr,r
cBoI.IX CBepCTHT4KOB 14 He TOirbKO He nOIaCTb nO.U HefaTrrBHOe BJlr{tHr{e, HO r{ CaMOMy CTaTb
I,IcroqHI4KoM noJroxr,rreJrbHoro BrlrqHlu. B ocnony nporpaMMbr noJroxeHbr cne.uyrouue
MeroAoron4qecKr.re flpr,rHur{nbr pa6orbr: HenpepbrBHocrb, aApecHocr6, cBoeBpeMeHHocrr,,
AOCTynHOCTb, nOCJTeIOBaTeJIbHOCTb.
Kpnrepurrrrr.r or6opa yuacrHuron o6yrarcrqero Kypca rBJrrrorcr: xeJraHrre [oApocrKa
yqacrBoBarb B BoJroHTepcKoM ABnxeHI,ru no npoOI,uaIffI,IKe cyxur.rAanbHoro noBe,qeHru;
Hiurt,tqne y no.(pocrKa pinnrrqHoro onbrra yqacrr,rr B npoQt4raKT[qecK x aKur,rrx. BbrpaxeHHofi
aKrr,rBHofi no3uur4r.r, AeMoHclrpupylolller 3AopoBbrfi o6pa3 xr.r3Hr4.
fpynnn ,qnq o6yrreHur nolpocrKoB-rrHcrpyKTopoB cocrorr LB 20 - 25 venoren, xypc
o6yueuur - 120 qacos. Llx yuar pa6orarb B MirJrbrx n cpe4Hr{x rpynnax qrrcJreHHocrbro or 7 ao
20 .reloner, o6brqHo noA6r{paeMbrx r{3 pa3Hbrx KJraccoB r,rJru napanJrerefi. fpynnrr co6uparorcr
oauH pa3 B HeAeJrro. fur sSSerrnBHocru nporpaMMu <<PaeHr,rfi - panHouy) Tpe6yercr
co6rrcAeHue oflpeAeneHHbrx opraHn3arlr{oHHr,rx ycronu[: peirJru3au]rr flpr.rHuuna
go6ponolruocur n or6ope rrHcrpyKTopoB; y,uo6Hoe Mecro npoBe,u euus. ganstui,t u Bcrpeq;
corJracr4e po.qurerefi Ha yqacrr{e rroApocrKoB B flpoeKre paBHoro o6yrcuut; cnoco6uocru
noApocrKoB K ToMy r4Jrr,r r4noMy Br{,qy ,qerreJrbHocrr.r (yveHue npoBo.qurb 6ece.qy, TBopqecKr4e
aaHHbre, opraHr{3aropcKr{e cnoco6Hocru); nrar,rrraogeficrBr{e c nolpocrKaMrz, a,{eKBarHoe nx
Bo3pacruhrM r.r courraJrbHbrM oco6eunocrsu; yuer norpe6aocrefi no4pocrron. lla o6yueutr
BoJIoHrepoB s o6racru upoQurarruru cyfirlr4raJrbHoro noBeAeHr,rr peKoMeH,qyrorct
nHTepaKrIrBHbIe Qoprr,mr pa6orrr: r{HTepaKrr,rBHbre rrpe3eHTaulru; IrrcKycculr, Ae6arsr; Mo3noBr,re
rfrrypMbl; aH rr{3 r4croplrir u c*tryatluil; TBopqecKne KoHKypcBr; poJreBbre r{rpbr.
flpenuyuecrna nporpaMMbr 3aKlrloqarorcr B Bo3MoxHocrr,r opraHrr3arryur
(ropu3oHTirJlbHoro npouecca)r o6uleH[q paBHbrx c paBHbrMr,r n nupa6o'rrn r4MI4 c[oco6oB
perreHur npo6reMbr, KoTopbre rBJrfioTc{ Kjr}oqeBLtM Ant o6ec[IeireHr.r usN.{eHeHuit B noBe,qeHr{u.
Kpoue roro, peanugar\ux [porpaMMbr no3BoJrrer oxBarr,rrb 6omuroe KoJrr4qecrBo rnoAefi c
npI4BJIeqeHrreM Mr4HrrMaJrbHbrx pecypcoB. Brpoclne xe r,rMeror Bo3MoxHocrr, pacnpocrpaHrrrb
qepe3 nolpocrKoB-uHcrpyKTopoB lrAex, Koropbre 6rrru 6u Bocnpr.rHrrbr MonoAe)r(bro c rr,reHrurefi
BeporrHocrbro, ecru 6rr ucxo.ll{Jrr,r Helocpe,qcrBeHHo or caMr,rx B3pocrrbrx. Taruu o6pa:ou,
cBepcrHIrKI{ Bblcrynaror rar o6rerr u cy6rexr nporpunarruvecroft pa6orn. C oIHoft cropoHrl,
oHI,I npeABapl.rremuo o6yuarorcr courlalJtbHo I{ Jrr{qHocrHo 3Haqr{MbrM HaBr,rKaM, c gpyrofi 3aKpenJrrror ux n o6rqecrBeHHo rloJre3Hofi Ao6poBoir.recrofi AerreJrbHocrr{, co3AaBat
6laronpu.rrHyro cpery cout,tanr43alglz' M\ cBepcrHrrKoB rpynnbr cyuqnA:rJrbHofo pncKa.
B opnaHuaaquu AerreJrbHocrr4 rro npoQularrurce cyrrqr{AanbHoro noBeAeHr4t
peroMeHAyercr ucno;rr3oBarb co.temaHue pasnuunux tpopu:
- opzaHu3aryut co4uanauoit cpedw. Bozgeitcreyx ua coqu:rJrr,Hbre Qarropu, uoxuo
rlpeAorBparlrrb He)I(eJlareJrbHoe rroBe,{eHrre Jrr{irHocru. llpo$u,rarrr,rxa cy uu.qrurbHono
rloBeAeHlrt y noApocrKoB Brlrrcqaer, npexAe Bcero, couraJrbHyrc peKlraMy no Qopuuponauuro
ycraHoBoK ua agoponufi o6pa3 xu3Hu;
- uuQopuupoeauue. ?to Har.r6oree nprrBbrqHoe uanpaBJreHr4e ncuxonporpurarrraqecroft
pa6oru r Qopnae rerquii, 6ece4, pacnpocrpaHeHfi.f, cnequa.nrHofi nr,rreparypbr, Brr.qeo- u
re:retpumuon. B nepcnexrune peKoMeHryercr orKa3arbct or npeo6la,qanur :anyrusaroqeft
lrnQoprraaqrau;
l1
- aKmu1Hoe co\uanbHoe o6yqeHue coLparbHo-^aJrcHwJtr na?btKaM, KoTopoe
npe[MyrlecTBeHHo peaJrrr3yeTcl nyme ucno]tb3o6aHu"2 ?pynnoSozo mpeHuHza:
TpeHr4Hr ycroftrrr4Bocrr,r K Herarr4BHoMy coq[urbHoMy BJrr,rrHulo (pa:nunaer cnoco6Hocrr
cKa3arb (Her) B cJryr{ae HerarrrBHofo AaBreHr4t cBepcrHl4KoB);
TpeHrrur a$SerrunHo-ueHHocrHoro o6yveuur ($opuupyorcr HaBbrKr.r punflTufl
pelueHr{t, IloBbrrrraeTcr caMooueHKa, cTr4MyJrr4pyroTcr npoueccbr caMoonpeAeJreHufl v pa3BLl-tlr,{
rro3r4Tr.rBHbrx qeunocrefi );
'rpeHr.rHr Qopuraponauur xlr3HeHHbrx HaBbrKoB (tpoplaupyrcrcr yMeHI4t o6ula'rncq,
rroA.[epxr{Barb 1pyxecKrre cBrl3u 14 KoHcrpyKTrrBHo pa3perrrarb xoHf ,ruxrn ;
opraHr43arlr4r arrusHofi Aerre;rbHocrrl, anbrepHarfiBHofi aesr4aHrHoNry noBeaeHr{ro:
rro3HaHrre (nyrelrecrnue), r4crrr,rraH[e ce6r (noxogu B ropbr, cnopr c Henoropoft 4oreil pr.rcr<a),
3Haqr,rMoe o6ulesue, lrc6onr, TBopqecrBo, AerreJrbHocrb;
opraHrl3arlr4r 3AopoBoro o6pa3a xr43Hu;
arTliBr{3arlr4r Jrr4qHocrHbrx pecypcoB. Arrr.rsHue gaHflTrrr noApocrKoB cnoproM, trx
TBopqecKoe caMoBbrpaxeH[e, fracrue B rpyfltrax o6ulesnr t,t JrnqnocrHoro pocra, aprrepanur Bce 9To aKTI4BI{3I,Ipyer JIHtIHocrHbIe pecypcbl, o6ecnequsalouue aKTuBHocrb Jrr{qHocrr,r, ee
3AopoBbe lr ycrofiuunocrb K Henarr.rBHoMy BHernHeMy sosAeftcrsuro;
MnHr.rMr43auur Herarr.rBHbrx nocreAcrsfifi cyfiqr,rAarJrbHoro noBeAeHr{r, HanpaBJreHHar Ha
npo$ulraxrury peqrrAr{BoB r{Jru r4x HerarlrBnrrx nocreAcrnlrfi .
cnoco6y opraHu3arlun pa6orn BbrAeJrrror cne,{yrcque $opuu npoQuJraKTr{Krr:
uH4LtB;a4yarbHafl, cenaefinaa, rpyflnoBiu pa6ora.
raqecrse ,wemodoe
npuetfior
npoQuaarruvecrofi .(erreJrbHocru flpr{MeHrrorcr Auarsocrnqecxufi uHcrpyMeHTapnft
(ucrom:oraHue narera ne,qaror[qecKl,rx u nc[xo;Ionl4qecKlrx cKpr4HI4HroBbIx MeroAI{K ,qJrt
3Kcnpecc BblrBJreHr4r 1ereft rpynu pr4cKa no cylrquAa.,'rbHoMy noBe,qeHr{ro B ycJroBrirx
o6pa:onarelruofi opraHr.r3aqrau); ncuxorexHo;roruu JruqHocrHo oprreHTr4poBaHnofi repanlru
(tlugunugya,rrnbre ncuxoKoppeKrluoHHbre 6eceAu. rpynloBaq rlcr4xorepafluq, ayrorpenl{Hr,
cyffecrrrBHHe nporpaMMbr (npono4rrcr npr4HrartreHHblMrr ctreur.rair ucrav u): opraHusau14oHH bre
(ne.qanoruvecrr4e coBerbr, KoHcr4Jrr{yMbr, ceMr4Hapbr, o6cyN.qeHur B rpyflfloBbrx ,{r.rcKyccnrx,
flo
Kpyrnbre
B
croln);
lrHQopuaqnoHHne MeroAbr
untfopuaqnouubre Jrucrbr, 6yr<nern,
(naurrxu, creH4oBtur
a
un$opuaqlra,
llKT).
Ocuoanue Hanpacnertufl, rPop.uur u mexHonozuu pa6omu
no npofr unaxmuxe cyuquda e odpasoeamentHbtx opzavu3o t1uflx
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Koropbre rBJrrrorcr 3Har{uMbrM}.r Qarropauu p}rcKa cyuqr{AaJrbHoro rroBe,(eHr{r: fiorepr antIerrna
rrJrn r,rMnyJrbcr{nnoe o6xopcrso, 6ecconHnua r,r.rIfi noBbrrleHHar coHJnBocrb B TeqeHlre pr.qa
.4Heii; qacrbre xaro6u Ha coMarr4qecKr.re He,qoMofaHut (ua 6or.u B xr{Bore, ro;ronHue 6orll,
nocrotHHyro ycra;rocrb, rracr)'ro coHlunocrr); Heo6blrtHo npeHe6pexureJlr,Hoe orHorrreHr,re K
cBoeMy BHelIHeMy BnAy; rrocrorHHoe qyBcrBo oAuuoqecrBa, 6ecno;regHocru, BlrHbr r4Jrr.r npycrr.r;
ouyrrleHr4e cKyKlr npr4 npoBeAeHr4r.r BpeMeHrr B npr4BbrqHoM oKpyxeHr4r{ uJrr4 BbrrroJrHeHr,lll
AerreJIbHocTH, KoTopar paHbrxe npuHocr4Jra yAoBoJrbcTBr{e; yxoA oT KoHTaKToB, r{3oJrtqur o'f
4py:eft u ceMbr,r, npeBparueHlie B qeJroBeKa-o.q[HoqKy; HapyueHr4e BHr4MaHr4r co cHrlxeHr4eM
KaqecrBa ) re6br; lorpyxeHHocrb B pa3MblxJreHr.rr o cMeprr,r; orcyrcrBfie rrJraHoB Ha 6yayureel
BHe3anHbIe rrpucryrlbr fHeBa, 3aqacryro Bo3Hr{Karourue v3-3a Meroqefi. Opraullsonars
sa6moAeune 3a noapocrKaMr,r fpynnbr pr4cKa r{ c,ueJrarb ero 6o;ree eQrpexruuunu rroMoxer
cxeMa IrHAI4KaropoB cyuqr{AaJ.rbHoro pr{cKa (oco6eHHocreil cJroxr4Bureficr curyaryv,
[oBeAeHI,It, KorHurrrBHoi .qerreJrbHocru, sbrcKa3srsaHr.ri t.r HacrpoeHr4r qeJroBeKa, Koropbre
yBerr4rrr4Baror creneHb prrcKa cynrlr.rAaJrr,Horo ltoBe.qeuu.r (cu. flpunoNenur 1, 2).
Kpoue roro, neAaror AonxeH pa:6lrparrca B rrpu3HaKax eucoxofi aepoumHocmu
cyltqtraa: orKpbrrbre BbrcKa3brBaHrlr o )r(eraHlrrr rroKoHql,rr[, Nnsur cauoy6uficrBoM (n agpec
3HaKoMbtx, B rlrcrMax poacrBeHHrlKaM, ,rto6tturru); KocBeHHbre ((HaMeI(u)) Ha Bo3Mox(Hocrb
cylrqr.rAaJrbHbrx leilcrsuii (nanprauep, norBJreHr4e B Kpyry gpyreii c neueii na ttree r{3 6ploqHoro
peMHr, BepeBKlt, TeJre{oHHoro npoBoAa, (lrrpa)) c opyxueM, xMr4Tupynqaq cauoy6r.rficmo);
aKrr,rBHar npeaBaplrreJrbHar rro,uroroBKa, ueJreHanpaBreHHrrft noucK cpeacrn (co6npaHue
ra6leror, xpaHeHue orpaBrrroulr4x Be lecrB, xnArocrefi n r.n.); rpurcaqru Ha npr4Mepax
calroy6lrficrn (vacrue pa3roBopbr o canoy6uiicrnax noo6rqe); clrMBoJruqecKoe npoulaHue c
6rlrNafiulrlr oKpyxeHr{eM (npltne4eulre Bcex .qeJr B nopraoK, pa3.qaqa B .qap lreHHoro
r.rMyrlecrBa); pa3roBopbr o co6crBeHHbrx noxopoHax; cocraBJreHr4e 3anr4cKr4 o6 yxoge rr3 xr,r3Hr4.
Hapr4y c Heo6xo.quprocrbrc noBbrrrrerrur KoM[ereHTHocrH B o6racru npo$uraxruru
cy[ur.rAarJrbHoro rroBeAeHr,rr HecoBep[eHHoJrerHux aoJrxHa 6ulu flepeopr4 eHTr,rpoBaHa
,qe.srerbHocrb crreuuaJrucroB cryx6 conporo)KActn4r (ncuxoloron), Koropr,re B Hacroqrqee
npoBereHr.re AfiarHocrrrqecKrrx ]rccreAosaH[fi, qeM Ha
npoeKrr4poBaHr4e Iro rroJryqeHHbrM AaHHbrM nporpaMM KoppeKrlrru apo6neMbr. C:roxusrlr
acrreKToM sBrrercr^ MeroAoJroruqecKaq paccoFracoBaHHocrb .qnarHocruqecKrlx uccre.qoBaHuf,
npoBoaHMbIX cneqr{alrrrcraMr,r pa3Jrrrqrroro npo$un-r (ne4arorauz, ncuxoJroraMll,
Me,quurrHcKr.rMr{ pa6orHrzramH) }i rzx HeroroBHocrblo K KoHcrpy(Tr.rBHoMy Ar4a!'rony na 6a:e
BpeMr 6onee HaueJteHbl
Ha
-LO
r.rMeror{uxcr Ar4arHocTr.rqecKr4x pe3yJrbTaToB. BMecTe c TeM, npoor4JraKrr.rKa cyrrqnAanbHoro
loBeaeHr,rr HecoBeprxeHHoJrerHrrx Moxer 6brrb eQQerrranHoft ToJrbKo rrprr KoMrrJreKcHocrl4 I,I
BHenpeHr.ru (KoMaHAHoro crr.rJrr) pa6oru. JluqHocrsue [po6JreMbr rreAarora (puru,quocrs
fle.uafofuqecKoro MbrrrrJleHr,rr, coqraJrbHbre crepeor]InH B oueHKe o6fraloulr{xcr, ycraHoBKr,r Ha
AoMuHaHTHocrr, ,qeQoprr,raqnlr Bocnplrrrr,rr Aereft r.r noApocrKoB, a raKxe poAr{TeJrefr u ro:uer)
TaKxe 3arpy,rlHrlor a.ueKBarHoe noHuMaHr{e npo6leu HecoBeprxeHHoJrerHero, cKJroHHoro K
cyuult.4aJrbHoMy pr4cKy. I,IuenHo rro3'roMy HanpaBJreHr{e pa6orbr c caMuMLl ne,qaroraMlr
npeAcraBJrterc{ BecbMa npo.qyKTIIBHbIM I,I AoJIxHo crarb cocraBHofi qacrr,ro flpu co3AaHr{rr
nporpaMMbr no QopuuponaHr,rro HaBbrKoB parrHero pacno3HaBaHr{r cy[ur4ArurbHoro noBeAeHrrt
HecoBeprueHHoJrerHr.rx B Tofi r{Jrr{ r4Hofi o6pa3oBaTeJrbHofi opraHr,r3aur4 14, npu parpa6orre
nporpaMMbr rroBhrrueHr,rr KBar140r.rKaufi u ne.qarorrrqecK x Ka,qpoB.
B Kaqecrse pe3yJrbrara BHeIpeHr.rr AaHHofi nponpaMMbr MoxHo paccMarplrBarb co3AaHrle
B IrrKoJre Morr4Br,rpoBaHHoft, cucrelruo Mbrcnru1eft r{ KoMnereHTHoft B o6racru npo(pu;rarruxu
cyullr4AuurbHoro rroBe.ueur,rr o6yqarcquxcr B o6pa3oBarerbHofi opraHrr3aur4r4 KoMaHAbr
creur{aJrr{croB. flpu erorra ocHoBHbre $yurquoua,rrHbre 0613aHHocrrr rrJreHoB neaarorurrecKofo
KoJIireKnrBa uory"r 6urr AonoJrHeHbr Bo3MoxHbrMn HanpaBJreHr{rMr.r npeBeHuvr4 cyl{utAilJlbHofo
pucra. Tar, nayunwi pyrcoeodumenu o6pa3oBarerbHofi opraHn3auflu co3aaer Mo.qeJrL cl4creMbl
ne.uaroruqecKofi npoQunarruKr4, ocyulecrBJrrer nog6op MeroAr4qecKoro r4HcrpyMeHTapr4r aJrt
o6ecneqeHn-f, ArrarHocrr{Kr{ cyuur{AaJrbHoro pr4cKa, opmHr,r3yer ar4arHocrnqecKylo,
KoppeKIItIoHHyro pa6ory. flocrorsno pa6oraer HaA noBbrrrreHr.reM KoMrrereHTHocrr,l
neAaron4qecKoro cocraBa rrrKoJrbr B aaHHoM Bonpoce, opraHr{3yr rroBr,rlreHr,re rnarr,rQuraquu
neAarofoB rr rrc[xoJroro-rrerarorr4qecKoe npocBer.rleHr{e no npo6reue [oApocrKoBbrx
calroy6uficrr, parpa6arnraer yve6uue JreKrlr.roHHbre Kypcbr no npo6reue u rueroanqecxrlil
MaTepuan, [poBoar{T rlr{Kjrbr ceMr,rHapoB aJrr neAaroffiqecKofo KoJrJrercfl,rBa B ueJroM ulrll Mfl
MeroAuqecKr4x o6leAzueHuii B rracrHocrr{, roroBlrr Marepr{an rrrfl CMl4.
Ifpenodaeamenu (npuznautennare) $opuupyror y neAaroroB 3HaHrrr o floApocrKax
rpyfifibr cy14unnarbHofo pr4cKa. o co6lrcneuun roHSu.ueH ur4ar bHocrr4 uHoopvaur.tr.
r{HAr{Br4AyaJrbHoM no.qxoAe B npoqecce o6y.reHr4r, o co3AaHr{r4 cvryal;rau ycnexa, o6 yuere
oco6eHHocrefi Jrr4rrHocrrr noApocrKa, 06 aKueHTyaqurx xapaKTepa, o lleaaroruqecKofi
noAAep)r(e 3Tr4x noApocrKoB, o coBeprxeHcrBoBaHur4 rreAarorfiqecKoro Ha6no,qeH14q, o
noBr,rlreHr{r{ co6crseHHoft cnerlua,rrnofi KoMnereHTHocrur, 06 y.racruu B cneq[aJrrr3prpoBaHHblx
ceMl4napax r{ Kypcax no npotpurarruKe cyLulv!.arbHoro noBeAeHr{r no.upocrKoB.
Eu6nuomercapa nog6upaer nepvoAr{Ky no reMe, cnoco6crnyer cauoo6pa:onaur.to
fleAaroroB, opraHr.r3yer Br,rcraBKU rrfl yqureJrefi, poAlrrerefi, noApocrKoB c ueJrr,rc
aKTyiulu3au4LI npo6reMbr r,r rcr4xoJrofo-rle.qarorlrqecKoro npocBeuleHnr.
Llucmumym noawweHut rceaauQuxa4uu pa6omnurcoe o6pasoeawu BKrtoqaer B
nporpaMMy KypcoB noBbrrxeHur rnalru$nKa\vlr A:l.fl yqfiTereil, tuKoJlLHbIx ncl4xoJloroB,
coquaJrbHLrx neAaroroB, ne.uaroroB AonoJrHr.rreJrbHoro o6pa:onanrrr JreKuuoHHrre Kypcbl 14
npaKTuqecKr,re 3a:nrtrut Ha reMbr: <Cyuqu.qu no.qpocrKoB r,r nx npoQulaKTr{Ka)), <<Bo:pacrnue
oco6enHoctu no.{pocrKoB), <A:6yxa [peBeHur4r, cyr,rrlr{Az}JrbHoro rroBeAeHr,rr no.qpocrKoB)),
<<,{eruaurnoe rroBeAeHr{e HecoBeprxeHHoJrerHr,rx)).
t7
Ilcuxonoeo-nedazozuqecxue mexuonozuu padomot c podumennnu
rr pa3Br,rrr.rr KoHcrpyKTr4BHbrx crparerufi
'lpyAHocrefi,
npeoroneHr,rr
c KoropbrMr{ crr}JrKr{Baercr noApocroK, sBrflercr celtrr. flpu erout
Bce Br.r.(bl npoSularru.recroft AerrerbHocrn AoJrxHrI Brlcrpar,rBarbcr s rlerocrHofi
BaLIMocBr3aHHofi cr.rcrelre poAurenr-pe6eHoK-yqrrreJrb. Buecre c reM, poAr{TeJrrl Ir Ile.qafofl4
qacro He [oHr,rMarcT xapaKrepa rpyAlrocrefi ,qerefi, onuparorcr n pa6ore c Hr,rMr.r roJrbKo Ha
aHiIJIlI3 XX Heylaq, a TaKXe CTaBtT nepeA HT.IMU 3aAaqr,r, He COOTBSTCTByIOUIe UX peZIJrbHOMy
ypoBHIo pa3Butu[ r,rJrr{ peaurr,HbrM Bo3MoxHocT.[M, Ha qTo AeTr,r oTBerrarcT Hea.qeKBaTHbrM
loBeAeHI4eM r.r orKa3oM or,qeficrnllr, a 3To, B cBoro oqepeAb, nplrBo,qr.rr K HoBbrM cJroxHocrrM B
yue6e nlru no nueyve6uofi .{egtelrnocrlr. Ollloft r13 ocHoBHr,Ix 3aAaq ceMbrr uBrrfl.srcr
o6ecneqeHne paHHefi ncuxonoruqecxoii r.r ne,uaroruqecKofi no.4rorosrr4 rxKonbHuKoB.
nanpanaennofi Ha QopruuponaHr,re HaBbrKoB crpeccoycrofiurrr,ocrrr tr coBpeMeHHbrx a.uanrl,tBHbtx
crpareruft noBegeHr{r, BeAyrrl[x x ycneruHoii caMopeanr43arlnr4. Baxnrrnr Qarropou
eQQerrrznHrrx AercKo-ponr4TeJrbcKrrx oruorreuufi, oco6euuo B caryar\Lru ngauuoAeficrglrs c
IerbMrI rpyflnbr cyr4uv.qrurbHoro pr4cKa, rBJrrercr ryMaHucrr.rqecKuit crutl:o o6uesur 6e:oueuoqHoe npuHrrue rroApocrKa, poBHoe, TepneJrr,rBoe orHo[reHr{e K HeMy. B csrgu c gruM
nau6olee st[Serrn*rsrrtru cnoco6auu neAaroruqecKoft no,q,qepxxu ceMbr,r rBrrrorc.r:
KoHcyJlbrl,IpoBauue, 6eceArr, Qaryrurarunrr, fpynnoBbre KoHcyJrbrarlr4r,r, TpeHr.rH { AJrr rpynnhr
po4nrerefi, I,rMeroulux cxoxue npo6lelru B Bocnr4TaHr.ru pe6eurca, pa3Jrr4qHbre nu4u co6paHraff,
Beqepa BonpocoB r{ orBeroB, poAr4TenbcKue roH$epeuquu; a nau6onee s$SerrranHulrra
nplreMaMr{ neAaroruqecKofi no.qgepxrn Btrcryna}or aoBepvre:rbHar 6eceaa, coBer, aKrreHT Ha
Aocror4HcrBa pe6eura, npoeKur-u pe3yrbrara, o6cyx.qeHue Ha paBHBrx.
B ourose paspa6orru.r rcuxoJrofo-neAarorruecrr{x rexnororuft npo(pularruuecrofi
pa6oru c poAr,rreJrrMrr Jrexar MeroarrrrecKr.re paspa6orrn IO.B. ft.rnnenpefirep, I4.M.
Maproncrofi, K. @onem, O.B. Xyxraeroft u rrlHorrax rpyrrrx aBTopoB, nprl gToM ocuosHofi
aKIIeHT B Hux AeJraercr Ha MeroAbr aKTuBHoro o6yveHur, B r{acrHocru, TpeHI4Ht,
opueHTr.rpoBaHHuft ua SopnrupoBaHne KoHcrpyKTuBHbrx crparerufi npeoAoneHr4r rpyAuocrefi y
nolpocrKoB. I-leHHocrr rpeHr,rHroB 3aKJrroqaercr n o6yveuuu po4ureleil (ua 4o6pouo.nruux
Ha.ra,rax!) cnoco6au s$rperruuHoro nsaul.{oAeficrsr4r c AerbMt4, HaxoArrrlt4 Mr,rcr n rpyAnoft
xu:seuuofi crfiyarlrrt; Becb KoMnJreKc ynpaxHeHlifi oplrenrupoBaH Ha (popnauporaHue
crpeccoycrofiur,rBocrr,r, xrzguectofitcocrlr, ?Moul,roHaJrbHoro paBHoBecur. I-lemrc noao6Hrrx
TpeHI{HroB Bhrcrynaer $opulrponanne a.[anrr{BHbrx Konr,rHr-crparerufi, cnoco6crBy}orqux
rro3lrrlrBHoMy rlpl4Hgrr{ro ce6s, n no3BoJrrroulr4x rQ(pex'ruruo npeoAoJreBarb Kpr{Tr{qecKr{e
curya\uu cyllecrBoBaHr,rs. 3a4asu rpeHr,rHroB: co3,qaHr,re ycronufi .{nr AoBepr{TeJrbHbrx,
.qo6poxelarelrnblx orHorrreHufi; aruocQepbr rroHr,rMaHr4r u aKTr4BHoro y'uacrvt n pa6ore
rpynnbr; tpoplrupoaaHue cnoco6Hocrn K coxpaHeHtrro cocrotHI,Ir rcuxuqecKoro 6rarouoryvur
rl ero npotBneHlrto B aAeKBarHoM rroBeAeHr,r[ flprl Bar{MoAei4crsuu c BHerrrHnM Mr4poM;
oco3Hanl,re cBoero noBeAeHnr KaK neaQ{exrunHoro ((BbrxoAa)) r.r3 Kpr,rrr,rqecKoit curyatluu
cyqecrBoBaHI4r; o6y.reuue npudlrau u cnoco6arra BbrxoAa r43 Kpr4Tr4rrecK[x curyaquil, TexHuKaM,
no3BoJltloulr4M MnHuMr,r3r4poBaTb oTpr4rlaTeJrbHbre nocJreAcTBr4fl, c fpecca; pa3BnTr{e KaqecTB,
rlo3BoJrtlo[Iue crpor{Tb yclerxHbre orHorrreHur c ApyrnMH. B nporpauve coqerarcTcr parHbre
r,rHTepaKruBHhre rpynnoBbre rrpueMbr pa6oru:
I) Porenne urpu. B xo,qe npoxrpblsaHr4r He6omuIax crIeHoK cnJraHr4poBaHHoro r{Jrr4
npol{3BoJrbHofo xapaKTepa, orpaxaroulr4x MoAeJrn xrr3HeHHbrx curyaguit, r4Mrrrrrpyrorcr 14
3uaquuuu $arropona Sopnauponauur
18
pa3peualorcr npo6JreMbr.
3ro xopourar
Hapa6orxa Bapr,raHToB roBeAeHuq B Tex crrryauutx,
B
KOTOpbTX MOryT OKa3aTbCr pOAUTenr{.
2) .{elorrre urprr. flocpegcrBoM Moaer[poBaHur crrcreMbr orHomeuufi B xoAe
r4fpbr
I{ npuHl,IMaror onrr4MaJrbHbre peureHr,rr, nu6uparor
qenecoo6pasnuft
uau6oree
ny,ru u r.n.
3) .{ucryccur, 3ror lrero4 no3BoJr.rrer c noMollrbro roruqecKr4x ,4oBoIoB noeAeftcreosarr
Ha MHeHUe, [O3I4II]|U n yCTaHOBKI,I yqaCTHItKOB A]|CKyCCUI B npoqecce HenOCpeACTBeHHOfO
o6ueHuq.
4) Crauerrlrxa. B nporpaune npr4MeHrercr KoJrJreKrr4BHar rBopqecKrur AerreJlbHocrb,
ocHoBauHat Ha ueJleHanpaBJreHHoM r,rcrroJrb3oBaHlrrl uHryurusHo-o6puBHoro, vera$opnvecxoro
MbrrrrJreHr.rr yqacrHr4KoB. flpegrararorcr ynpaxHeHr,rr, nocrpoeHHbre Ha cnl.rso,'ruqecrofi
yqacrHr4Kr.r aHa.,'II,I3I,IpyIor 3aAaHHbIe ycJroBl4t
aHaJronuu ( Bbrpa3r4Tb cyTb 3aaaqr,r B Bl.lae cr.rMBoroB).
5) <Morronofi ilrrypM). TexHura (Mo3roBoro rxrypMa) ucnoJrxryercr B 3aHrrr.rr,r KaK
cnoco6 rarpenJreHr.rr noryveuuofi uu@opuaquu flo reMe, ee pacuupeHr,re 3a cqer
reHepr{poBaHlrr nosbrx I4Aefr u aKTvtBu3ar\uA TBopqecKoro noTeHUI,raJra yqacrHl,IKoB.
6) Aprrepanur. flpulreurrcrcr orAeJrbHbre npr{eMbr KaK BcnoMorareJrbHoe cpe,ucrBo,qJrt
al4arHocruqecKofi pa6omr; cpeacrBo pa3Br,rrr,rr BHriMaur,rr K rryBcrBaM, ycuneHr{r ouyueHr,rt
co6crseHHoii rfi.rHocrHofi rIeHHocrn, pacmupeHrrr cnoco6oe caMoBbrpaxeHlrr po,4urelefi.
7) Llzwepanut. Ee npuueHeHrre co3Aaer arruocQepy AoBep[r, Tep[r.rMocrr4 14 BHuMaHur K
BHlTpeHHeMy Mr4py qeroBeKa, Bbr3brBaeT noJro)Kr,rTeJrbHbre SMourru, noMofaeT npeoAoJreTb
allarllto, cQoprr,rupoaarr aKTr{BHyIo xri3HenHylo no3nurtrc.
8) Ett6ruorepanus. Ha KaxAoe 3aHrrr4e nog6upaercr lureparypuufi Marepr{aJr ,qJrt
vreuur (paccxasu, npuruu). Koropbre poar.rrenu Moryr [epecKa3brBarr cBorrM AerrMB xoAe
o6uennr.
9) Meroa d-coo6ueuus (<-f,-nncra:unaHlrr>)>. I4:yvenue AaHHoro MeroAa rro3BoJrr{T
poAI.rreJItM np MeHrrb ero Ha rrpaKT[Ke B cvryauuvr roHQ,rurra u xoHQpoHrauuu.
croJIKHoBeHLrt r4HTepecoB pe6eura lr poAurerr. PoArneru cMoryr rrcKpeHHe u 3Mour,roHaJrbHo
qecrHo Bbrpa3nrb cBorr qyBcrBa no orHorrreHr4ro K noBe,ueHr-rrc pe6eHxa n Qople, Heo6xoAlruofi,
vro6rt coxpanr.rrb orHo[reHl4t yBaxeHut, 3MnarI4I.t u \puurTrlfl, BMecre c 'reu no6yxgar
peoeHKa r43MeHlrTb cBoe noBeAeHue c yqEToM rrHTepecoB poArrTenr.
10) Meroa (aKTr4BHoro cJryuraHr4r). PoAureru npuo6pery'r HaBr,rKr{ 3aunTepecoBaHHoro
cJryuaHlrt cnoux 1erefi, BbrpaxeHr,rr oMnarr4n.
Munu-rexqru. Zcnomeyercr aJrr reoperr{qecKoro o6ocHonanur reMbr gaHrrut,
cI,IcreMbI npe4cranrenufr o roM r{Jru r{HoM npeAMere, flBreuvrr, rroMorqu yqacrHr4KaM
II
)
ocMbrcJrr,rrb npo6lerray
u npufiru
K onpeAeneHHoMy BbrBoAy.
12) Ilpo6reuuoe 3a,raHr,re. I-{ens - reoperr,rqecKoe ocMbrcJreHue peanbHbrx npo6reu,
noucx nyrefi ux npaKTrlqecKofo peueHur.
l3) AHarus KoHKperHbrx curyaqufi.
l4) flparruuecKoe 3aAaHr.re - rpopunporaHr.re HaBbrKoB u yuenufi [pHMeHeHr{t
npuo6pereHHux sHaHufi B npaKTr,rqecKofi .qeqrersHocru.
B opraHnraquu o6yueuur pogurereft B KHo yqr4TbrBarb Bo3pacrHbre rz oco6ennocru rofi
utu unoit Kareropfiu Aerefi. 3aHsrur g;u po,qurereil Aerefi Ao 10 rer uonyr 6uru HanpaueHlr
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20
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cucmen4bt npotlunaxmuxu 6esuadsoprtocmu u nparotMpywettuit rtecoaepwer urc.remuux )). B cooreercrsuu
co crarrefi 14 ua o6pa:onarenrHbre yqpexAeHr.rr Bo3roxeHa o6cgaHflocrr oKa3brBarb coquirJrbHoIlcltxoJlorurlecKylo ]I neaaroruqecKylo noMol{b HecoBep IeHHoJIeTHI,M, IrMercIqI.iM oTKIoHeHr.rrr
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rro AeJITtla HecoBeprrreHHonerHrix, opraHr,r npoKyparypbr o $arrax ceuefinoro ne6rarono:ryvua,
HeHa.4Jlexaqero r4cuoJrHeHlrr po.qr,rrersMu csoux o6rsaHHocrefi (cr. 9).
tDedepanr'ur'tir 3aron Poccuitcxoit @edepa\uu om 29.12.2010 z Np 136-4t3 <O sat4ume demefi
om unSop.uaquu, npuquHtrot4ei oped ux zdopoaato u pq3sumun> 3axon 'rerxo olpeAeJUrer
uuSopuaquouuyro [poAyKur,rrc, HeAonycrnMyro Ar.r Aercxofi ayavroprt4, r{ pernrueHTrrpyer
rtpoBeAeH Ie )Kcnepru3br uH$opuauuoHHofi npo4yxquu.
rDedepatauui zaxou <06 o6pazoaauuu o Poccuficxofi <Dedepa\uut om 29.12.2012 e. Np 273-<03.
Crarss 4l pernaMeHTripyer o6ecneqeuue 6esonacHocru o6yvarouluxca u npo<[uraxrury HecqacrHbrx
cnyqaeB Bo BpeMr ux npe6rtranur n o6pa-ronare-nruofi opranulaqlru. OpraHnraquu, ocyuecrBnsrcuue
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oxpaHbr 3,4opoBrr o6y.raroquxcr, B ToM qucre o6ecne.ruBaror: npoBeaeHue npotpu:rarruqecKnx Ir
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Poccufi
crofi <De4epaquu.
Ifocmauoeneuue llpaeumenucmea Poccuiicro 4>edepatluu om 26.10.2012 z. Np I101 <O eduuoii
aBmol4amu3upoBautoti uuQopuaquornoir cucmeMe < Eduuait peecmp doneuubtx tLMeH, yxasame.tei
cmpaHu4 caiimos e uurfopua4uouuo-mereko.uwyttuKaquortrtoii cemu <I4rtmepnemD u cemelbtx adpecoa,
no36ortnt4ux udertmuQutqupooamu caiimar o urultopua4uoH+o-meJteKoMMyuurca4uoutroi cemu
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3anpet4eHoD. CouacHo aaHHoMy nocraHoBreHr.rrc B coorBercrBr.*r c KprlreplmMli oqeuxz uutfoplraqr.ru,
yrBepxleHHr,rMl MexBeAoMcrBeHHr,tl,r npr4Ka3oM Pocxovuagsopa, OCKH Poccuu n Pocnorpe6nag:opa
or 11.09.2013 r. Ng 10221368/666 upono4zrcr 3xcneprrr3a ccbrlroK B ceru I4nrepner. flpu uaruuun
:anpeuleuuofi unQoplraquu o cfloco6ax coBeprxeHr.rr calroy6uficrna u (utru) [prr3brBoB K ux
coBeprxeHr.rrc ttprrHlrMaercr perueHr,re o 6roxupooauuu AaHHbrx ccrrJroK.
Rou4en4ua denoapa(tuuecxofi nonumuxu Poccuficrcort 4>edepaquu na nepuod do 2025 e.,
ymaeptrcdeuuan Vxasou lfpesudertma Poccuitcxo 4tedepa4uu om 9 ormn6pn 2007 z. Np 1351. B
Konqenqrzu [peAycMorpeHo coKparrleHr.re ypoBHr cMeprHocrn or cauoy6uilcrn 3a crrer noBbIueHLIs
o{Qerrunuocru npoSz:rarruuecxofi pa6orn.
Ha1uonanauan cmpamezu.n dertcmouit 6 ntmepecqx deme tn 2012-2017 zoda4 ymeepcrdetunn
Vxazo:v Ilpezudetma Poccuticxoit 4>edepayuu om 01.06.2012 z. Np 761; <llnau peanu3a4uu
nepaoouepeduutx ueponpuamuit do 2014 eoda no peanu3a4uu oatrcuefiutux nototrcertuil Haquouaw.uoit
cmpame?uu de cmouir s uHmepecax demeit ua 2012-2017 zodat>, ymaepcrcdeuuatfi pacnopaJrceHuerl
Ilpaeumenacmea Poccuitcrcoit @edepa4uu om 15.10.2012 z. Nb 1916-p u <llnau ueponpunmui na 20152017 zodut no peanu3a4uu aatrcrte[tutux nottotceuuir Ha4uoxanuroi cmpamezuu de cmcufi o
uHmepecox demeii ua 2012-2017 zodr,us, ymaeptcdewrctfi pacnopntcerrue.u llpaeumerbcmla
22
Poccuircxofi rDedepaquu om 05.02.2015 z, Ntl67-p. B quc:re Mep ro pa3Burr.rrc orruruKu
tpopuuponauu.r 3AopoBoro o6pa:a Nu:un Aereft z noApocrKoB yKa3aHa pa:pa6orra clrcreMbr
flepBooqepeAH!,rx Mep IIo lpe.{oTBpauleHlrro [o.qpocTKoBoro cyfiuu.(a, BKrroqarr noAroToBKy ncfixororoB
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a raKxe opraur,r3arlr4ro [poBeAeHr4r ncuxoJrorrrqecKuuu cryN6alru o6pa:onarerlurrx yrpeNgeuufi
npoQuaxruuecroft pa6oru c AerbMr.r, po.qr.rrenrMn, coqrra:rrHbrM oxpyxeHneM pe6eHKa.
Kodexc o6 aduuttucmpamur btx npasotupyweuuqx Poccuficxofi <Dedepa4uz. 3a xecroxoe
o6parqenlte c Aerr,Mrr (Qzslrvecxoe, ceKcyanbHoe, nct,rxvqecKoe (glroquona,trno A/pHoe o6parleuxe)
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5.35 KoAII P@ g gnAe rurparfa or 100 ao 500 py6nefi).
Vzonoeuaui xodexc Poccuficxoit rDedepaquu. Tax xax HaHecegr,re Bpeaa 3aopoBblo lloxer 6rnr,
npuvunoft cy,rqr.rAaJrbHoro rroBeAeHur cpeAlr Aereft u noApocrKoB, [peAycMorpeHa yronoBHtur
orBercrBeHHocrr (crarru 110, 115 - 118, 125, 156).
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npan (cr. 69), orpauaveuut (cr.73), oro6panlu pe6enxa npu yrpo3e efo xr,r3Hr.r r.r 3aopoBbs (cr.77).
Be4oucrneunrre AoKyMerrrr,r no upoSurarrure cyuqrraaJrbHoro roBeAgHuq:
lluQopuaquonnoe nucbtto Muuo6pnoyxu Poccuu om26.01.20002. Ns 22-06-86 <O uepax
no npoQunarcmure cyu4uda cpedu demei u nodpocmxoat.
AnQopnaquonuoe nucb^4o Muuo6pnayxu Poccuu om29.05.20032. Ns 03-51- l02un/22-03
<O uepax no ycutreuuro npoQutaxmuxu cyu4uda cpedu deme u nodpocmxoa>.
Iluca.uo Poco6pnadsopa om20.09.20042. lW 01-130/07-01 <O uepax no npoQunaxmuxe
cyv4uda cpedu demefi u nodpocmxoa>.
Perconeuda4uu no o?pattuue,turo docmyna o6yuarou4uxcn x audau uuQopna4uu,
pdcnpocmpaHtel4o nocpedcmaou cemu <l4umepttemD, npuqurnot4ett eped iopoean u (uau) paseumuro
demeit, a maxace He coomaemcmayoryefi sadauau o6patoaauuxt.
Perollexaaurn [o orpaHuqeHrlrc gocryna o6yraroulrzxcr x Br4AaM uxsoplraqrr, pacflpocrpaHreMofi nocpsaarBoM cerlr
(I4HrepHer), [puqr.rHrrouefi Bpea 3aopoBbro u (ruru) pa:anrurc aerefi, a raxxe He coorBercrByrorqei^ SatavaM o6pa3oBaHfit.M.: MttHxcrepcrBo o6pa:oaauur n uayrlr P@, Mltrrcrepcrao car3r u [4accoBbrx xoMnryruxaqui P@, 2014. - 47 c.
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o6ruuo conponoxAaercr noslueHHoii rpeBo)Kuocrbro, 6oqgHrro HoBbrx crrryaqr.ril, moAeft, BcrKoro
poAa ucnr,rraHr.ri.
<Dpycrpaqlra (or rar. frustratio - o6vau, rruerHoe oxr.rAaHue, paccrpoiicrno, ueyAaua) ncuxuqecKoe cocrorHr,re, Bo3uvKarcrqee BcreAcrBrre pea:uuoft uru noo6paNaeuoft oMexr4,
nperqrcrBr.rr Aocrr.rxeHr.rr) qerlr. O.quoft r.r3 3aqr.rrHbrx pearqnfi npu Qpycrpauvu r.Brlercfl
arpeccl4BHocrl pe6euKa. 3avacry,ro npr4qrrHofi onlrcaHHbrx cocrosHuil qBrqrorcq yHr.rxeHur LI
ocrop6reuu.a co cropoHbr pogure:refi , yuurereft .
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Apyrofo qeroBe(a B Qopue conepexuBanvr.
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