Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение «Бугульминский профессионально-педагогический колледж» Выполнил: Санкова Ксения Константиновна студентка III курса очного отделения специальность 040401 Социальная работа Руководитель: Галимова Римма Анасовна THE THEME: Research and comparative characteristics of American and Tatar cultures The aims: • to know more about the culture of Tatarstan and America • to treat other nations with respect • to be the patriots of my own country. The creative title: The whole world is a melting pot The researching work: What common features do American and Tatar cultures have? Cultural competence Professional competence What competences does it form? Social competence Independent competence National Holidays Kaz ermeser (Каз омэсе) Geese Festival Thanksgiving Day Tatarstan America From the history (Similar facts) In November all Tatar villages carry out the ceremony of slaughting geese. Long ago this ceremony became a real festival. Americans celebrate Thanksgiving Day on the forth Thursday in November. It is perhaps the most important day in the American year. About symbols (Similar facts) From early spring Tatars grow geese.This ceremony lasts several days. The hostess prepares a special dinner with national Tatar dishes. In New England there were many wild birds. They were turkeys. The colonists decided to have a special dinner to thank God for their first harvest. The dinner lasted three days. Differences Tatarstan The hosts invite young women or girls and an experienced man to carry out the ceremony. This man slaughts geese, telling the corresponding prayer. Then women go to the river with yokes, hanging geese on. They wash the poultry and on the way back strew the road with feather vertebrae. Differences America The pilgrims sailed to America from England. They came to America for religious freedom. The name of the ship was the «Mayflower». In 1621 there was a great harvest. They were thankful and decided to celebrate this date. National Ceremonies Nikakh (Никах) Engagement Tatarstan America Similar facts The most important The Sacrament of Marriage holiday in Tatarian family is does not unite a man and a «nikakh» (the religious woman. Rather, it is the ceremony of marriage). Church's recognition of a union that God has already begun to work in their lives. Nikakh (Никах) Engagement Tatarstan America Similar facts The true point of «nikakh» Christ has destroyed death is to find the happiness of a by His Cross and wedding pair but not riches. Resurrection; therefore, the union of man and woman in Christ is eternal. Differences Tatar Nikakh The main person is Moslem priest who holds «nikakh». This family holiday must the only one in every person's life. Differences American Engagement American engagement is more personal event. As a rule, parents don’t create obstacles to their children’s choice. The couple usually celebrates this holiday with many friends. National Costumes America Tatarstan Similar facts Holiday costume of native Americans was bright and rich in colours. It was decorated with feathers and different kinds of beads. Holiday dresses were made of bright multicoloured silk or satin of oriental origin. They were decorated with jewellery. National Footwear America Tatarstan Similar facts Native Americans used in their clothes patterns and ornaments, Their dresses and foot-wear were decorated with resin and glass beads. The people of Volga Bulgaria, the Golden Horde and the Kazan khanate used homemade materials for their costumes. National costume completely reflects the history, traditions, customs and the whole spirit of the nation. American and Tatar clothes have much in common. These nations used patterns and ornaments, their costumes were decorated with jewellery and beads. Conclusive findings This project work will help me during my practice and future activity. So, it helps to form professional and social competences. Thank you for your attention! Игътибарыгыз өчен рәхмәт! Список использованных источников • Иванова Л.Ф., Сабирова Д.Р., Гарипова Ж.Н.,2007 English Welcome to Tatarstan Student’s Book – К.,2007. • https://en.wikipedia.org • www.lingvo-online.ru (более 30 англо-русских, русскоанглийских и толковых словарей общей и отраслевой лексики).