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7.Legal Career Development

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ
ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ
БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ
ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
«ВОРОНЕЖСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ
УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»
LEGAL CAREER DEVELOPMENT
Учебно-методическое пособие для вузов
Составители:
А.Б. Пешкова,
А.Ю. Климова
Воронеж
Издательский дом ВГУ
2014
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Утверждено научно-методическим советом факультета романо-германской
филологии 25 февраля 2014 г., протокол № 2
Рецензент канд. филол. наук, доцент ВГУ С.А. Трухина
Учебно-методическое пособие подготовлено на кафедре английского языка
гуманитарных факультетов факультета романо-германской филологии Воронежского государственного университета.
Рекомендуется для студентов 1-го курса магистратуры д/о.
Для специальности 030900.68 – Юриспруденция
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Содержание
1. Содержание……………………………………………………………………3
2. Пояснительная записка……………………………………………………….4
3. Unit 1 Legal professions in Russia .……………….…………………………6
4. Unit 2 Lawyer’s work ………………………………….…………………….14
5. Unit 3 Applying for a job ……………………………………………………23
6. Библиография………………………………………………………………..34
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2. Пояснительная записка
Данное учебно-методическое пособие “Legal Career Development” рекомендуется для студентов 1 курса магистратуры дневного отделения юридического факультета.
Целью пособия является развитие у студентов необходимого уровня
коммуникативной компетенции для решения социально-коммуникативных
задач в различных областях профессиональной деятельности.
Основными
задачами,
которые
решаются
в
данном
учебно-
методическом пособии, являются следующие: формирование навыков ознакомительного и поискового чтения с целью получения заданной информации, навыков смыслового обобщения и выделения ключевой информации
из текста, а также развитие умений монологического высказывания по
предложенным вопросам и умений обсуждать полученную информацию в
различных формах взаимодействия студентов в пределах группы.
Пособие состоит из трех разделов (units), в центре каждого из которых – текст, в ходе работы с которым отрабатываются рецептивные и продуктивные виды речевой деятельности. Каждый раздел включает предтекстовые (вводные), сопутствующие тексту задания – на заполнение пропущенной информации или извлечение необходимой информации, послетекстовые задания: а) задания, направленные на тренировку лексического материала, б) репродуктивные задания (изложение краткой информации по
проблемам, поднятым в тексте; составление аннотации текста, ролевые игры).
На каждый раздел рекомендуется отводить 2-4 аудиторных часа и 2
часа для самостоятельной работы, хотя в зависимости от уровня подготовленности студентов программа может меняться.
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Данное пособие будет соответствовать принципам коммуникативной
направленности, культурной и педагогической целесообразности, а также
позволит студентам соответствовать уровню выпускных требований по
дисциплине «Деловой иностранный язык в юриспруденции (английский)» с
учетом специфики вуза и потребностей студентов.
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UNIT 1
Legal Professions in Russia
In this Unit you’re going to read the text about different types of legal profession
in the Russian Federation.
Warming-up Activity
Task 1. Work in a small group. Discuss the following questions with your
partner:
1. How do lawyers apply the knowledge of law in their practice?
2. Where do lawyers work? What legal jobs do you know?
3. Is it important to specialize in any particular area? Why? (Give your reasons)
4. What legal profession would you like to choose after graduating from the University?
Task 2. In the text you will find the following words and word combinations
(1-12). Match the words with their definitions (a-l).
1) license (n)
a) the property of a person, company that has
value and that may be sold to pay a debt;
2) legal adviser
b) something that has a single, separate, and
independent existence;
3) depository (n)
c) serious and detailed study of a subject, that
is aimed at learning new facts, scientific
laws, testing ideas etc;
4) enterprise (n)
d) a legal inquiry to settle a lawsuit which
concerns money or property a person
receives after someone’s death;
5) investigator (n)
e) an official paper, card etc showing that
permission has been given to do something;
6) research work
f) to compose a document in which a person
declares what will happen to his money or
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property after his death;
7) to draft a will
g) to sign a document in order to make it
legally valid;
8) inheritance case
h) to happen or appear suddenly or unexpectedly;
9) asset (n)
i) a person whose job is to give legal advice
to people or organizations;
10) to certify (a document)
j) an organization, especially a business firm;
11) entity (n)
k) a person that keeps things safely stored;
12) to pop up
l) a person who examines all the details of an
event or situation in order to find out what
happened and what is happening (as a part of
his job).
Task 3. Read the text. The following sentences (1-7) have been taken out of
the text. Fill in the gaps (A-G) with the appropriate sentence.
1) Also you have to present a substantial research work and pass a very difficult
qualification exam.
2) Most of them are practicing lawyers or judges, or for example, prosecutors.
3) In Russia there are forty institutions of higher education in law (either a law
school attached to a university or a separate entity called a "juridical institute").
4) There are about twenty thousand of them in Russia, and in view of the economic reform this body is growing.
5) Every kind of business has a jurist position and if it’s a big corporation – even
a legal department.
6) They draft wills, act as their depository and conduct inheritance cases by dividing the assets between heirs according to the will or law.
7) They are a part of the profession too, because they are required to have a high
legal University education.
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Legal Professions in Russia
Legal profession is one of the most prestigious and highly paid professions
in Russia. There is a high admission competition on Law Departments of the
Universities. But after graduation people usually have a lot of options where to
apply their knowledge.
There are the following job titles in the Russian Federation:
1/ Jurists. Everyone who has got a University Law Degree is a jurist. If
you are a jurist, you can work in any position where special license is not required and everything that you have to have is a University Law degree (and of
course some legal practice is strongly recommended). For example, you can work
as a legal adviser for any public or private firm. A_____ Also, every Federal or
State Governmental Agency or Commission has a legal department. So, normally
University graduates have a lot of choices.
2. Lawyers in Russia work mostly within colleges of advocates – selfmanaged organizations. To get the status of a lawyer one should have a 5-year
education at an accredited University and at least 2 years of legal experience (or
at least 6 month of practice in any division of the State Lawyer Chamber) and to
pass a qualification exam. Upon receiving the status, a lawyer can practice law
everywhere in Russia.
Many lawyers are employed by the law offices of enterprises, ministries
and agencies as an in-house counsel (juriconsult). These lawyers have all powers of an attorney, but they represent their single and permanent "client" – their
respective organization. B_____
3. Judges. To be a judge you have to have a University education and a
particular number of years of legal experience. For example, for the Supreme
Court of the Russian Federation – 15 years, for the trial court – no less than 5
years. C_____ Almost all judges have life-term positions but only until they
reach 70 years old.
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4. Notaries – are important figures in legal profession. D_____ They also
certify some kind of documents and contracts and keep all original copies of documents they certify, and do some other things. Notaries are protected by having a
monopoly over all this activity. But to get in this profession is very difficult because there is a limited number of notarial offices, established by law. So, a University graduate, who wishes to be a notary, has to get at least one year practice
as a notary assistant, pass special examination and wait for vacancy.
5. Also there are prosecutors, investigators and other officers of Law Enforcement Bodies. E_____ But since they work for Government and usually stay
on the other side of legal profession than lawyers, there is some kind of tension
between lawyers and all these officers from law.
6. Law professors. We rarely have full-time law professors. F_____ But it
doesn’t mean that they are less professional or pay less attention to students. On
the contrary, the quality of the Russian legal education is very high thanks to
great experience of law professors and educational system itself.
G_____ New private law schools are popping up. There are also separate
research centers in law, the most prominent of which is the Institute of State and
Law under the Academy of Sciences of Russia.
7. There are law-related jobs for which law degree qualification is not required. These are clerks, court reporters and secretaries.
Task 4. Work with a partner. Read the following statements and decide
whether they are true or false according to the text. Correct the false ones.
1) If you are a jurist, you can work only in the position where special license is
needed.
2) All law-related jobs require a law degree qualification.
3) An in-house counsel, or a corporate lawyer acts both as an adviser and an advocate.
4) It’s important for a lawyer to choose an area of specialization.
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5) It is very easy for a University graduate to become notary because there are
many vacancies and it isn’t necessary to take any examinations.
6) Judges are appointed or elected.
7) Judges resolve disputes and administer justice in a trial.
8) Law professors’ work only includes teaching law and research.
9) A prosecutor either defends the accused or conducts criminal proceedings.
Task 5. Study the following list of words and match them to their synonyms.
Say how they relate to different types of legal professions in Russia.
1) prestigious (adj)
a) life-long (adj)
2) competition (n)
b) contest (n)
3) in-house counsel (n)
c) corporate lawyer
4) life-term (adj)
d) to declare formally that smth. is true
5) to certify (v)
e) uneasiness (n)
6) to protect (v)
f) to crop up (v)
7) tension (n)
g) domination (n)
8) to pop up (v)
h) to exploit, use (v)
9) option (n)
i) to carry out, to run (v)
10) to apply (v)
j) successor (n)
11) monopoly (n)
k) important, influential reputable (adj)
12) to conduct (v)
l) to aid, insure, keep safe (v)
13) heir (n)
m) choice, possibility (n)
Task 6. Find in the text antonyms to the following words.
1) temporary (adj)
2) low-paid (adj)
3) inconsiderable (adj)
4) insignificant, unknown (adj)
5) public (adj)
6) often (adv)
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7) unrestricted, unbounded (adj)
8) lawyer of part-time staff (n)
Task 7. Fill in the appropriate word from the list below to make the phrases
which were used in the text. Then choose any four and make your own sentences.
1. …….. jobs
6. …….. law
2. a law degree ……..
7. a legal ……..
3. …….. bodies
8. …….. competition
4. …….. positions
9. …….. work
5. …….. of an attorney
10. a …….. exam
11. an …….. counsel
12. a …….. assistant
13. a separate ……..
14. …….. cases
powers, qualification, law-enforcement, research, admission, life-term, adviser,
law-related, to practice, qualification, notary, inheritance, entity, in-house.
Task 8. Fill in the appropriate legal job title from the list below.
prosecutor, judge, jurist, in-house counsel, advocate, clerk, notary, jury, detective
1. A …….. is a person who has legal background and does research in a legal area or history of law, he writes articles or books on legal issues.
2. A …….. presides in courtroom and administers justice, resolves disputes
between the parties, decides the case during the trial, directs the jury and gives
the judgment. He/she either awards relief, in civil cases, or determines the
guilt, in criminal cases.
3. A …….. investigates a criminal case, aims to discover the criminal, collecting
evidence and tracing him.
4. An …….. advises the clients on legal matters, prepares a case or documents,
briefs a case, presents the case in a lawcourt, acts and speaks for the client, mediates a case, defends or pleads the client's case, brings
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an action when somebody breaks law, drafts legal documents.
5. A …….. usually initiates a criminal case and conducts criminal proceedings,
presents the evidence of the committed crime.
6. …….. are elected community members who during the court proceedings
carefully see into the evidence, determine the facts of the case, then accept
the law given by the judge and apply that law when reaching a verdict.
7. An …….. supports and counsels the business he works for, provides expertise
in corporate, commercial, tax, insurance and other legal issues, drafts documents and contracts, acts for the company in negotiations, deals and lawsuits,
and files lawsuits or brings a legal action against those who break law.
8. A …….. is a court officer who files papers and keeps records of court
proceedings.
9. A …….. is a public officer who certifies the document's or its copy's authenticity and witnesses official acts: wills, commercial papers, etc.
Task 9. Think of 10 questions on the text about different legal professions in
Russia, using new words and expressions in each question. Ask your fellowstudents to reply them.
Summarize the text and tell your group-mates about:
a) the duties and responsibilities of jurists;
b) the duties and responsibilities of lawyers and judges;
c) the duties and responsibilities of notaries;
d) the job responsibilities of other legal professionals.
Task 10. Note several things (5-7) about the responsibilities of Russian legal
professionals that would be interesting for a foreign law student to know.
Task 11. Choose any three professionals in Task 8 and personify them – give
names to them and some personal information. Make up a legend. Apply
your experience and knowledge of the legal jobs. Add more information (or
facts) to the job description.
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Example:
Jerry Stone is a court clerk. He lives and works in Manchester. Jerry likes his job.
Every day he comes to the court and works hard. He files papers, and there are a
lot of papers in the court. Jerry also keeps records of court proceedings, and this
is what he likes most: he can be present at the trial and listen to the judge, prosecutor and advocate …
Task 12. Make up dialogues, using new words and expressions on the topic.
Suggested situations:
A. Two students of the law faculty are exchanging information on the opportunities of finding a job after graduation.
B. Two students of the law department are discussing advantages and disadvantages of different legal professions.
C. Two students of the law department are discussing the areas of law they have
chosen to practice in, what attracts them, the major skills and knowledge needed
in this practice area and the perspectives of the career in that law area.
While speaking, use the following expressions:
Handling a dialogue
I say …
I’m afraid I don’t know much about …
Honestly …
Have I got it right?
The point is …
Well, I don’t (didn’t) think …
Don’t you agree that … ?
I really couldn’t imagine …
Have you heard about …?
I really feel bad about it.
Someone has told me that …
That’s what I heard.
Task 13. Get ready to tell the class about various types of legal profession in
Russia. Try to point out positive and negative things about each position.
While speaking, use the following expressions and linking words:
I would like to begin with…
Additionally…
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I’d just like to say …
As I see it …
The way I see it …
There’s one more thing to be noted.
Moreover …
What’s more …
I might as well add that …
One/another/ a further/the main/the greatest advantage/disadvantage of …
All things considered I must say that …
To sum up …
UNIT 2
Lawyer’s Work
Warming-up Activity
Task 1. Work in a small group. Discuss the following questions with your
partner:
1. What does the lawyer’s work include, in your opinion?
You may find the following expressions useful:
To be in daily contact with ordinary people, to give advice, to act on different
matters, to deal with consumer affairs/ traffic accident disputes/ contracts for the
sale of land, to prepare defences for clients, to work on highly specific areas of
law, to represent a client, etc.
2. Is the lawyer’s work an easy or a difficult one? Why? Why not? Give your arguments.
3. What are the most interesting and the most boring aspects in the lawyer’s
work?
Task 2. In the text you will find the following words and word combinations
(1-10). Match them to their Russian equivalent given below (a-j).
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1. a person learned in law
2. an individual licensed by the state to engage in the practice of law
3. to do all the legal work
4. solicitors and barristers
5. preparing cases to be tried in the civil or criminal courts
6. to have rights of audience
7. to pursue a Bachelor (LLB) or a Master (LLM) of Laws degree
8. a series of advanced examinations
9. to require extensive clinical training in a form of apprenticeships
10. legal education around their chosen specialty
a) юридическое образование, смежное с выбранным направлением
b) иметь право выступать в суде
c) заниматься всеми видами юридической работы
d) человек, получивший государственную лицензию на ведение юридической практики
e) солиситоры и барристеры
f) специалист в области права
g) подготовка дел, которые должны слушаться в судах гражданской и уголовной юрисдикции.
h) добиваться получения степени бакалавра или магистра права
i) требовать прохождения юридической практики широкого профиля в
форме ученичества
j) ряд экзаменов повышенной сложности.
Task 3. Read the text. The following sentences (1-7) have been taken out of
the text. Fill in the gaps (A-G) with the appropriate sentence.
1) In England the system is different.
2) Besides it is often followed by a series of advanced examinations, apprenticeships, and additional coursework at special government institutes.
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3) In some countries, law is taught by a faculty of law, which is a department of a
university’s general undergraduate college.
4) Lawyers act as both advocates and advisors on behalf of their clients.
5) Barristers are mainly “courtroom lawyers” who actually conduct cases in
court.
6) Lawyers’ roles vary greatly, depending upon their practice environment and
field of specialization.
7) In most common law countries lawyers have many options over the course of
their careers.
Lawyer’s Work
A lawyer is a person learned in law. A lawyer, also known as an attorney, a
counselor, a solicitor, a barrister or an advocate, is an individual licensed by the
state to engage in the practice of law and advice clients on legal matters. A _____
The role of the lawyer varies significantly across legal jurisdictions, and
therefore can be treated in only the most general terms. B _____
In most countries there is only one legal profession. This means that all the
lawyers have roughly the same professional education leading to the same legal
qualifications, and they are permitted to do all the legal work.
C _____ Here the profession is divided into two types of lawyers, called
solicitors and barristers. Solicitors and barristers are both qualified lawyers, but
they have different legal training; they take different examinations to qualify; and
once they have qualified, they usually do different types of legal work.
Many solicitors deal with a range of legal work: preparing cases to be tried
in the civil or criminal courts; giving legal advice in the field of business and
drawing up contracts; making all the legal arrangements for the buying and selling of land or houses; assisting employees and employers; making wills.
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D _____ Unlike solicitors, they have rights of audience (rights to appear)
in any court of the land, and so barristers are those lawyers who appear in the
more difficult cases in the higher courts.
The educational requirements to becoming a lawyer vary greatly from
country to country. E _____ Law students in those countries pursue a Bachelor
(LLB) or a Maser (LLM) of Laws degree. In some countries it is common or
even required for students to earn another bachelor’s degree at the same time. F
_____ In other countries, particularly the United States, law is primarily taught at
law schools. Most law schools are part of universities but a few are independent
institutions. Law schools in the United States (and some in Canada and elsewhere) award graduating students a J.D. (Juris Doctor/Doctor of Jurisprudence)
as the practitioner’s law degree (a professional degree) However, like other professional doctorates, the J.D. is not the exact equivalent of the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), a university degree of the highest level, since it does not require the
submission of a full dissertation based on original research.
The methods and quality of legal education vary widely. Some countries
require extensive clinical training in the form of apprenticeships or special clinical courses. Many others have only lectures on highly abstract legal doctrines,
which force young lawyers to figure out how to actually think and write like a
lawyer at their first apprenticeship (or job). G _____ Besides private practice,
they can always aspire to becoming a prosecutor, government counsel, corporate
in-house counsel, judge, arbitrator, law professor, or politician.
In most civil law countries, lawyers generally structure their legal education around their chosen specialty; the boundaries between different types of lawyers are carefully defined and hard to cross. After one earns a law degree, career
mobility may be severely constrained.
Task 4. Think of English equivalents to the following word combinations.
1) консультировать клиентов по вопросам права
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2) выполнять все виды юридической работы
3) сдавать квалификационные экзамены
4) право преподается на юридическом факультете
5) университетский колледж, готовящий бакалавров
6) степень магистра
7) добиваться получения степени бакалавра
8) защита диссертации
9) научно-исследовательская работа
10) учебная практика
11) ученичество, место начального практического обучения
12) штатный юрисконсульт компании
13) страны общего права
14) страны романо-германской (континентальной) системы права
Task 5. Match the words in order to get word combinations, translate them
into Russian and then make sentences with them.
to take
a)the clients
to deal with
b)the practice of law
to draw up
c)the right of audience
to make
d)court
to have
e) the practice environment
to go to
f) legal matters
to engage in
g) legal arrangements
to advise on
h) contracts
to depend on
i) legal advice
on behalf of
j) a range of legal work
Task 6. You have met in the text the word legal. It has the following meanings in Russian.
Legal – правовой
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- document – правовой документ̴
- obligation –правовое обязательство
- system – система права
Legal – cудeбный
- action – cудебный иск
- costs–судебные издержки
-decision – решение суда
- procedure – судопроизводство
- remedy –средство судебной защиты
Legal – законный
- government – законное правительство̴
- foundation – законное основание
- owner – законный владелец
Legal – юридический
- person – юридическое лицо
- profession – профессия юриста
- advisor – юрисконсульт
- ethics – профессиональная этика юриста
- department – юридический язык юристов
- language – юридический язык, язык юристов
- aid – юридическая помощь
Find in the text expressions with the word legal.
Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the appropriate expressions
with the word “legal”.
1. ………. ………. is a number of special terms that lawyers, barristers, judges
use in the court.
2. When you consult a lawyer about your difficulties, people say that he gives
you ………… ……….. .
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3. You can get your driving licence only when you become a person of ………..
………… .
4. To become a lawyer means …………. ……………. ………….. .
5. The earliest ……….. ………… was written by the king of the Mesopotamian
city in 2100 B.C.
6. If you have killed a man, you can enjoy ……….. ………. ………. And demand a barrister.
7. If you have found a lost dog, you should find its ………… ……….. and return it to him.
8. If you are terrorized by some criminal, you should apply for ……….. ………..
.
9. The work of the jury is very difficult, as they have to make a right ………….
…………. .
Task 7. Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to
the word combinations with ‘legal’.
1 To the rest of the world the English legal profession is very strange because historically there were two types of lawyers: barristers and solicitors.
2. Every legal system has many shortcomings.
3. Criminal charges and divorce are normally seen as matters needing legal help
and advice.
4. Not every accident victim has a legal remedy. Some accidents are nobody’s
fault.
5. There is a large information gap in people’s awareness of their legal rights.
6. Such legal knowledge as people have usually come from newspapers and television.
7. The new Community Legal Service aims to provide legal information as well
as legal advice and representation.
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8. Newspapers regularly carry frightening stories about losers in legal actions
who face bills of thousands of pounds.
9. Legal costs of the lowest income group are paid by the state.
10. Legal aid is usually granted as long as financial test is satisfied.
Task 8. Explain in English the following words. Use the Internet (Wikipedia).
1. Prosecutor
2. Government counsel
3. Corporate in-house counsel
4. Judge
5. Arbitrator
6. Law professor
7. Politician
Task 9. Complete the following text by translating the words and expressions
in brackets:
A number of law schools have (учебную практику) in which students gain legal
experience through practice, (судебные процессы) and projects (под
руководством) of practicing (юристы) and law school faculty. Law school
(учебная практика) may include work in (юридических консультациях), for
example on the staff of legislative committees.
Law school graduates receive the (степень доктора юриспруденции) as the first
professional (ученая степень).Advanced law (ученые степени) may be desirable for those planning to specialize, (заниматься научно-исследовательской
работой), or teach. Some law students (добиваются получения) joint degree
programs, which usually require an additional semester or a year of study. Joint
degree programs are offered in a number of areas, including (право) and business
administration or public administration.
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Task 10. Think of 10 questions on the text about lawyer’s work, using new
words and expressions in each question. Ask your fellow-students to reply
them.
Summarize the text and tell your group-mates about:
a) the peculiarities’ of the lawyer’s work;
b) legal professions in Great Britain;
c) educational requirements to becoming a lawyer in different countries.
Task 11. Make up dialogues, using new words and expressions on the topic.
Suggested situations:
A. Two British students of the law department are exchanging information on the
types of the legal profession in their country.
B. A Russian law student and a British law student are discussing advantages and
disadvantages of different legal professions in their countries.
While speaking, use expressions from Task 12 Unit 1 and the following expressions:
Reacting to News
Never thought about it.
Looks like that.
I’m surprised / shocked.
It’s amazing / incredible!
I have no idea.
Does it strike you as unusual?
Goodness knows.
Task 12. Get ready to tell the class about the peculiarities of the legal profession in different countries. Try to point out positive and negative things.
While speaking, use the expressions and linking words from Task 13 (Unit 1)
and the following expressions:
I would like to start with…
First of all…
In my opinion / view…
In addition…
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On top of that…
Something else I’d like to say is…
Talking of …
Besides…
Not to mention the fact that…
All things considered …
In conclusion…
Unit 3
Applying for a Job
Warming-up Activity
Task 1. Work in a small group. Discuss the following problems with your
partner:
Do you know
- how and where to look for vacancies?
- how to write a CV and cover letter?
- how to prepare for the interview?
- some general ethical rules concerning the interview?
Task 2. In the text you will find the following words and word combinations
(1-10). Match them to their Russian equivalent given below (a-j).
1) core legal skills
2) competitive legal market
3) to convey information
4) to draft complex legal documents
5) to write organized, concise and persuasive prose
6) crucial to success
7) inductive and deductive reasoning
8) to manage large volumes of data
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9) top-notch organizational skills
10) to team up with co-counsels
a) конкурирующий правовой рынок
b) обрабатывать большое количество данных
c) основные юридические умения
d) составлять сложные правовые документы
e) индуктивный и дедуктивный ход мысли
f) ключевой для успеха
g) объединяться с адвокатами из другой юридической фирмы
h) организационные умения первоклассного специалиста
i) передавать информацию
j) излагать мысли в структурированной, сжатой и убедительной форме
Task 3. Read the text. The following sentences (1-7) have been taken out of
the text. Fill in the gaps (A-G) with the appropriate sentence.
1) Master the fundamentals of grammar.
2) Advocate a position or a cause.
3) All legal professionals, even those at the bottom of the legal career chain, must
have basic knowledge of substantive law and legal procedure.
4) Legal professionals must learn to review and assimilate large volumes of complex information in an effective manner.
5) If you are considering a career in law, it is wise to polish these top ten legal
skills to excel in today’s competitive legal market.
6) Legal professionals do not work in a vacuum.
7) Technology is changing the legal landscape and is an integral part of every legal function.
TOP TEN LEGAL SKILLS
While legal positions vary greatly in scope and responsibility, there are
several core legal skills that are required in most legal functions. A _____
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1. Oral communication
Language is one of the most fundamental tools of the legal English. Legal professionals must:
Convey information in a clear, concise, and logical manner.
Communicate persuasively.
B _____
Master legal terminology.
Develop keen listening skills.
2. Written Communication
From writing simple correspondence to drafting complex legal documents,
writing is an integral function of nearly every legal position. Legal professionals
must:
Master the stylistic and mechanical aspects of writing.
C _____
Learn how to write organized, concise and persuasive prose.
Draft effective legal documents such as motions, briefs, memos, resolutions and
legal agreements.
3. Client service
In the client-focused legal industry, serving the client honestly, capably and responsibly is crucial to success.
4. Analytical and Logical Reasoning
D _____ Legal analytical and logical reasoning skills include: reviewing
complex written documents, drawing inferences and making connections among
legal authorities; developing logical thinking, organization and problem-solving
abilities; structuring and evaluating arguments; using inductive and deductive
reasoning to draw inferences and reach conclusions.
5. Legal Research
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Researching legal concepts, case law, judicial opinions, statues, regulations and
other information is an important legal skill.
6. Technology
E _____ To remain effective in their jobs, legal professionals must master
communications technology including e-mails, voice messaging systems, videoconferencing and related technology.
7. Knowledge of Substantive Law and Legal Procedure
F _____
8. Time Management
In a profession based on a business model (billable hours) that ties productivity to financial gain, legal professionals are under constant pressure to bill time
and manage workloads.
9.Organization
In order to manage large volumes of data and documents, legal professionals must develop top-notch organizational skills.
10.Teamwork.
G _____ Even solo practitioners must rely on secretaries and support staff
and team up with co-counsels, experts to deliver legal services.
Task 4. Think of English equivalents to the following word combinations.
1) профессиональные компетенции юриста
2)представлять информацию в ясной и краткой форме
3) овладеть юридической терминологией
4) развивать способность внимательно слушать собеседника
5) составлять сложные юридические документы
6) овладеть основами грамматики
7) составлять ходатайства, записки по делу
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8) обслуживать клиента честно и ответственно
9) просматривать и усваивать большой объем информации
10) навыки логического рассуждения
11) делать выводы и умозаключения
12) осваивать технологии общения (коммуникации)
13) на нижней ступеньке карьерной лестницы
14) знания материального права и судопроизводства
15) выдерживать большие рабочие нагрузки
16) почасовая оплата
17) развивать высочайшие навыки самоорганизации
18) работа в команде
Task 5. Study the following words and say how they relate to the profession
of a lawyer.
A college of advocates, self-management, the presidium, subdivisions, partnership, law firm, to represent clients, a qualification exam, litigations, specialization, confidential, duties, to assert interests, malpractice, for free, State Lawyers’
Chamber, fees, agreement.
Task 6. Put each of the following words in its correct place in the sentences
below.
attorney
trial
republic’s military prosecutor
detective
prime minister
jury
warders
verdict
lawyers
death penalty
inquest
plain clothes
judge
solicitor
coroner
1. If you want legal advice in the USA, you go to an …….. .
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2. At the end of the ……., the judge ordered the twelve men and women of the
……. to retire and consider their ……, guilty or not guilty.
3. Men or women who look after prisoners in prison are called prison officers or
…….. .
4. If a person dies in unusual circumstances, an …… is held at a special court,
and the ‘judge’ is called a …….. .
5. A policeman who investigates serious crime is called a …….. . He wears …….
, not a uniform.
6. In some countries murderers are executed but other countries have abolished
the …….. .
7. In exceptional circumstances, the …….. might invite written submissions on
behalf of any defendant affected if, in his judgement, the interests of justice so
required.
8. According to Major General Anatoly Glyukov, the …….. missile arsenal
commander was being accused of negligence and abusing his military status, resulting in grand theft involving precious metals.
9. …….. Martin Charles Isaacs was charged by fraud squad detectives yesterday
in connection with a ramp operation last November which artificially boosted the
price of shares in conglomerate Williams Holdings.
10. Benazir Bhutto won her place in history as the first Muslim woman ………,
but found that leading Pakistan’s transition from long military rule to democracy
was not easy.
11. Cantona, 30, had the opportunity to give his side of the story, but declined,
claiming through his …….. that his presence would have provoked a “media circus”.
Task 7. Express your opinion about the following statements. Use the following expressions:
а) выражения полного согласия: It goes without saying, exactly so;
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б) выражения абсолютного несогласия Nothing of the kind, Surely not;
в) выражения неуверенности и неясности позиции: I’m not quite sure about it.
That’s hard to tell …
1. Legal research is the only reliable tool of the legal profession.
2. In their first year students must read and brief hundreds of cases.
3. Experts say that the brain is a complex information processor capable of processing and assimilating complex information at greater speeds through practice.
4. We must know how to analyze and gather information, identify issues, organize our dater base, draft inferences and reach conclusions.
5. You can brush up your writing skills by reading resources on the craft of writing.
6. It is easy to learn legal English.
7. We must learn the sustentative law and legal procedure.
Task 8. Think of 10 questions on the text about lawyer’s legal skills, using
new words and expressions in each question. Ask your fellow-students to reply them.
Summarize the text and tell your group-mates about top legal skills.
Task 9. Pair work. Two entrepreneurs, e.g. Don / a and Ron / b, are talking
about the role of a business lawyer in successful company performance. Don
/ a, who is starting a business, asks Ron / b questions stated below. Make up
a dialogue, add any other questions about company performance and use the
expressions from Tasks 12 (Unit 1), Task 11 (Unit 2).
Don / a’s questions:
1. How can a lawyer help me to start a business?
2. If I can run a business myself and know some basic legislation, why do I need
counsel?
3. Can a lawyer help me in financial affairs?
4. I’ll need a lawyer at hand in contract drafting?
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5. How will a business lawyer help me in possible litigation cases?
6. Will a business lawyer help me to manage my business transactions?, etc.
Task 10. In groups of 4-5 discuss the skills any well-qualified lawyer should
have. Use the following expressions:
If you ask me …
Wouldn’t you say that …
Don’t you agree that …
As I see it …
I’d like to point out that …
I sometimes think that …
Task 11. Applying for a job. Read and discuss with your group-mates the
person’s actions who is applying for a job. Say whether you agree with them
or not (Give your arguments).
Even if the particular job you are looking for has an application process
where a resume isn’t necessary, the process of writing a resume and help sort
your thoughts and prepare you for an interview. Having a written record of your
work history makes filling out an application much easier, too. Tailor the resume
to the type of job for which you are applying, emphasizing related skills and
coursework.
Call the employer. Ask about the application process: “Good morning. My
name is Peter Orlov. I was wondering if you had any positions open, and if so,
how I could apply.” You will usually have your call routed to the hiring or human
resources manager. If they have any openings, they’ll either ask you to come in
and fill out an application form, or they’ll ask you to send a resume and cover letter by mail or e-mail, in which case you should inquire “To whom should the letter be addressed?” They will give you their full name – write it down and ask
them to spell it out if necessary.
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Write a cover letter if it’s a part of the application process. Make sure it is
specific to the job, with the company name and address and, if possible, the name
of the person who will be receiving it. Ask two friends or family members to read
over your resume and letter for typos. It’s often difficult to see our own mistakes.
Apply. Visit the employer to fill out your application form. It’s usually best to go
to go in the mid-morning, when they’re not too busy, but before the day has worn
them out. Ask to speak to the hiring manager and try to hand the form to him personally: “Hi, we spoke on the phone yesterday about the position of a (job title).Here’s my application form. Let me know if you need anything else.” This
will give the employer a chance to see you (so present yourself well) and put a
face to a name. Send your cover letter and resume as instructed.
Tips. Always thank the employers for their time and consideration. Always
be honest when filing out a job application form online.
Task 12. Fill in the following Sample Job Application Form.
Many employers require all applicants, regardless of the job they apply for,
to complete a job application form. Print clearly in black or blue ink. Answer all
questions. Sign and date the form.
PERSONAL INFORMATION:
First name______________________________
Family name____________________________
Address________________________________
Phone number_________________________
E-mail________________________________
Position applied for______________________
Education_______________________________
Employment history_____________________
Signature______________________________
Date___________________________________
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Task 13. Think of sample questions you may ask and employers may ask at
the interview. Use the following questions as an example.
Sample questions you may ask:
1. How would you describe the general trends of the firm's activity?
2. How are associates (law clerks) supervised, trained, evaluated?
3. How much pro bono work do attorneys do? Is it encouraged?
4. How and when do associates become specialists?
5. How much turnover has there been in the firm? What are the prospects of the
firm?
6. To what extent are associates given immediate responsibility and direct contacts with clients?
7. Are there any internal regulations?
8. Does the firm have a wide client base or is it, for some economic reason, tied
to a small number of clients?
9. What is the policy concerning partnership?
10. Does the firm/employer have any attorney training programs?
11. What type of work would I be assigned to do?
12. Will I have an opportunity to attend court hearings of the cases I work
on?
Sample questions employers may ask
1. What are your long-range and short-range goals and objectives for the next
(one –seven) year?
2. How do you plan to achieve your career goals?
3. What are the most important rewards you expect in your career?
4. Why do you choose the career for which you are preparing?
5. What are your strengths, weaknesses, and interests?
6. How do you think a friend or professor who knows you well would describe
you?
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7. Describe a situation in which you had to work with a difficult person (another
student, co-worker, customer, supervisor, etc.) How did you handle the situation?
8. In what ways do you think you can make a contribution to our organization?
9. What qualities should a successful lawyer possess?
10. What led you to choose your major or field of study?
11. In what kind of work-environment are you most comfortable?
12. Describe a situation in which you worked as a part of a team. What role did
you take on?
13. In what part-time or summer jobs have you been most interested? Why?
14. How would you describe the ideal job for your following graduation?
15. Why did you decide to seek a position with our organization?
16. What two or three things would be most important to you in your job?
17. Are you willing to spend at least six months as a trainee?
18. Why should we hire you?
19. What are your ideas about salary?
Task 14. Role-play. The HR manager of Stetson business Consulting is interviewing Mary Jane Adams.
Student A. You are the HR Manager. Make up your own list of questions choosing from the list (Sample Questions Employers May Ask) and adding some more
special questions. Get ready to answer the questions Mary will ask you (Sample
Questions You May Ask). Get ready to speak about your company Business
Consulting).
Student B. You are Mary Jane Adams. You are applying for the position of Corporate Attorney at Stetson Business Consulting. To prepare for the interview,
think of possible questions to the interviewer and try to answer questions that
may be asked to you at the interview (Sample Questions Employers May Ask).
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6. Библиография.
1. Алимов В.В. Юридический перевод. Практический курс / В.В. Алимов. –
УРСС, М.: Либроком, 2012. – 162с.
2. Алонцева Н.В. Английский для студентов факультетов права и международных отношений / Н.В. Алонцева. – Минск: Тетра Системс, 2009. – 400с.
3. Английский язык для юристов: учебник / [под ред. А. А. Лебедевой]. –
М.: ЮНИТИ-ДАНА, 2010. – 359с.
4. Крупченко А.К. Contemporary Law in Russia: Современное право в России / А.К. Крупченко. – М.: Менеджер, 2009. – 240с.
5. Brown Gillian D. Professional English in Use. Law / D.G. Brown, S. Rice. –
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. – 128p.
6. Seely John Law in Everyday Life / J. Seely. – Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2008. – 150p.
7. Stewart W.J. Collins Dictionary of Law / W.J. Stewart. – 3-d edition. – Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 2006. – 474p.
8. http//www.gourt.com
9. http//www.legalcareers.about.com
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Учебное издание
LEGAL CAREER DEVELOPMENT
Составители:
Пешкова Анна Борисовна,
Климова Алла Юрьевна
Подп. в печ. 21.03.2014. Формат 60×84/16.
Усл. печ. л. 2. Тираж 50 экз. Заказ 239.
Отпечатано с готового оригинал-макета
в типографии Издательского дома
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