ЛЕСОСИБИРСКИЙ ФИЛИАЛ КГБПОУ «КРАСНОЯРСКИЙ СТРОИТЕЛЬНЫЙ ТЕХНИКУМ» Выполнил: Прокаев Вячеслав Александрович I курс Отделение:строительство Профессия: «08.01.07 Мастер общестроительных работ» Руководитель проекта: Протасова Наталья Владимировна, преподаватель английского языка Theme: «Customs and traditions of Great Britain» Content : 1. Holiday traditions of Great Britain……3-7 2. Unusual British traditions………………..8-10 3.Royal British traditions………………………11-16 4.Musical and dancing festivals…………….17-18 The British created a powerful Empire with a successful economy, culture, the preservation of their traditions, patriotism. Traditions of Great Britain is the basis of their culture. Great Britain is considered one of the most democratic country, but the British life continues to be determined by the old traditions. That's why even the most strange and old English traditions affect modern daily life. Christmas and New Year The most popular holidays in Great Britain are Christmas and New Year. Christmas is celebrated on the 25th of December. It is a main holiday in this country. It is beautiful holiday with nice Christmas cards and presents. Santa Claus brings gifts to children. The celebration of All Saints Day or Halloween The most mystical of all the holidays – Halloween, All Saints Day (October, the 31st). What is this? It is the suits the mysterious creatures – ghosts, vampires, witches. This is "Jack's lanterns" – pumpkin with slits for eyes and mouth with a candle inside. It is the carols with trick or treating candy and sweets. Guy Fawkes Night The loudest holiday in England is the day Guy Fawkes, is celebrated every year on the 5th of November. The conspirator Guy Fawkes had planned to blow up the British Parliament during the speech of king James I. The English Guy Fawkes night start in the sky fireworks, prepare cookies with spicy chili powder. Easter traditions Easter - this is one of the most important holidays of Great Britain. On Easter Sunday, in churches are organized concerts of organ music. In this day people hand out candy to children and toys. The table is decorated with chocolate nests for eggs and chocolate rabbits. World Championship of grimaces World Championship of grimaces regularly are held in the town of Egremont, County of Cumbria.Men, women and children demonstrate their public "terrible" grimaces. Presentation of each of the contestants lasts only 4 minutes. However, for the "athlete", who had been strained "working" your face, it's not so little. Cheese Rolling Competition Races with a rolling cheese are held on the last Monday of May.Dozens of the British roll down the Cooper's hill following a round head cheese. Pearly king and Queen This is one of the charitable cultural traditions of the working class of London. The tradition to embroider their clothes with pearl buttons appeared in the 19 century. Such traditions of Great Britain and Russia are not similar. In Russia there is no such. Royal British tradition By the traditions of the British Royal family the opening of Parliament in November or October, the awards, are held 20 times a year, official visits, receptions in the royal garden(this garden is visited annually by more than 30 thousand people). Christmas message Christmas message of the monarch to his people began to broadcast on the radio George V in 1932. Queen Elizabeth II gave his first radio message in 1952 and on TV in 1957. Previously appeals are held live, but since 1960 they are written in advance and only broadcast on Christmas day. «Maundy money» There is a tradition of almsgiving monarch ('Maundy money') on Holy Thursday during Holy week. This ceremony is held in one of the cathedrals or abbeys of the country, and money is given to pensioners living in the parish. This tradition originates in the 13th century. Ceremony of the Keys This tradition is 700 years. Every day, at exactly 21.53, The Keeper of the keys leaves the Byward tower, he meets a Guard of the keys. The security guard locks the Main gate and walks to the Bloody Tower.At night the keys are kept at the residence of the Manager. The registration for young Royal swans The registration for young Royal swans appeared in the 12th century. Nine centuries, every year in July on the Thames there are special boats with the Royal emblem. The purpose of the expedition to count - how many new swans appeared in the property of Her Majesty. Tea traditions Tea appeared in England in the second half of the 17 th century and its distribution was bound to the Royal family. Catherine, the wife of English king Charles II, was a big fan of tea. A traditional English tea(“ five-oclock“)involves prerequisites: a large selection of tea, table setting and observance of tea etiquette. Musical traditions There are many various styles of music in Great Britain. Jazz, rock, folk music are popular there. Music has own history and traditions. In the Royal theatre in «Covent garden» in London, tourists can visit the Opera Festival. There are many various arts: drama, theater, choral art. Edinburgh international arts festival The Edinburgh international arts festival takes place in the Scottish capital every August and lasts almost a month. It also presents theatre, Opera, dance and music, concerts of classical, orchestral, vocal music, dance shows, ballets. This festival is listed in the Guinness book of records as the largest in the world. In my opinion, the British, despite the emotional restraint, like holidays, festivals. The traditions are largely determined by history and geographical position of the country and are sacred to any generation. I respect and admire how the British revere their traditions from ancient times. English proverb says: « Custom rules the law". It is the true, because our life consists of customs and traditions. While I was preparing the presentation I was interested to learn about the culture and traditions of the British and to compare with the traditions of Russia. Список использованных источников информации: 1.Up&Up11:Student`s Book[Текст] : учебник английского языка для 11 класса:среднее (полное)общее образование(базовый уровень)/[В.Г.Тимофеев, А.Б.Вильнер, И.А.Делазари и др.] ; под.ред.В.Г.Тимофеева . —М.:Издательский центр «Академия»,2008. — 128с.:ил. — ISBN 978-5-7695-5166-6. 2. Энциклопедия «Британника» – Режим доступа www.britannica.com свободный.- Загл. с экрана. 3. Единая коллекция цифровых образовательных ресурсов – Режим доступа www.schoolcollection.edu.ru свободный.- Загл. с экрана. 4. Macmillan Dictionary с возможностью прослушать произношение слов – Режим доступа www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/enjoy свободный. - Загл. с экрана. 5.Tur-Tips.ru.Путешествия по всему миру – Режим доступа http://www.turtips.ru/156/Традиции-Великобритании свободный .-Загл.с экрана.