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Областное государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение
«Волгореченский промышленный техникум Костромской области»
Жизнь и творчество
Джека Лондона
Выполнил студент 2 курса 2 группы
Рыбкин Вадим Олегович
специальность «электроснабжение
(по отраслям)»
Руководитель: преподаватель
иностранного языка Вакуленко Е. А.
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140 years since the birth of Jack London.
Jack London is one of the most famous writers of America
London’s early years
Literary career Jack London
Jack London’s personal life
Final years of London
Interesting facts about Jack London
list of literature
In 2016 year marks 140 years since the birth of Jack London.
Famous journalist and author of adventure novels, Jack London (real name John Griffith
Chaney) is now considered to be one of the most preeminent American writers. The creator of
‘White Fang’, ‘The Call of the Wild’ and ‘Martin Eden’.
London’s early years
John Griffith Chaney was born on January 12, 1876 in San Francisco. His parents – mother
Flora Wellman and father – William Chaney who was a journalist, attorney and astrologer were
never married. William Chaney was never a part of John’s life.
Flora Wellman ended up marrying a Civil War veteran – John London. He moved his new family
to Oakland. The teen life of Jack London was hard — he worked on a sealing ship, shoveled
coal, and was employed on a cannery. When he had free time, he spent it in the libraries
reading travel books and novels.
London began his writing career at the age of 17 – in 1893. His first story was autobiographical.
London won the first prize, even having only eighth-grade education, he beat out students
from Stanford and Berkeley.
He created a few stories about the life in the North and published them in 1899. He was very
disciplined as a writer and practiced to write at least 1000 words a day.
1903 went out his first successful novel ‘The Call of the Wild’.
The 27-year-old writer found some fortune and fame. More than 50 books followed the first
one, among them – ‘The People of the Abyss’, ‘White Fang’, ‘John Barleycorn’. In his works Jack
London revealed social problems.
Jack London’s personal life
Jack London married Bess Maddern in 1900. They had two daughters – Becky and Joan. Their
marriage lasted only a few years, and 1905 London married another woman – Charmian
Kittredge and lived with her for the rest of his life.
Final years of London
Over the last years of his life the Jack London had a lot of problems – financial and,
consequently, creative. In order to pay his debts he had to write articles and he found himself
unworthy. To these health issues were added. In the end kidney disease took Jack London’s
life.
The famous American writer died on November 22, 1916 at his Californian ranch at the age of
forty.
Interesting facts about Jack London
•At the age of fifteen Jack London bought the sloop and became oyster
pirate.
•Among his friends London had nickname ‘Shaggy Wolf’ or simply
‘Wolf’ for his famous novels and personality.
•Jack London ran for Mayor of Oakland as a Socialist two times (in
1901 and in 1905), both times unsuccessfully.
•There is a file in the FBI on Jack London where he was recorded as a
co-founder of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society.
Список литературы
•13. Стоун И. Моряк в седле: Биография Джека Лондона. —
М.: Молодая гвардия, 1960. — (Жизнь замечательных людей).
•Быков, Виль. По следам Джека Лондона. — ISBN 5-211-03473-2
•Росин, Александр. Дом Волка. Возвращение к Джеку Лондону //
Флорида. — 2005. — № 3 (51).
•Фонер Ф. Джек Лондон — американский бунтарь. М : Прогресс, 1966.
240 с.
•Богословский В. Н. Джек Лондон. М.: Просвещение, 1964. 240 с.
•Садагурский А. Джек Лондон: Время, идеи, творчество. Кишинев,
1978. 200 с.
•Быков Виль. Джек Лондон. Саратов: Изд-во гос. ун-та, 1968. 284 с
Thank you for your attention
Автор
vakulenkoelena84
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