Федеральное агентство железнодорожного транспорта Ярославский филиал федерального государственного бюджетного образовательного учреждения высшего профессионального образования «Московский государственный университет путей сообщения» 160 лет со дня рождения известного ирландского драматурга и писателя Джорджа Бернарда Шоу Работу выполнил студент 3 курса экономического отделения ЯФ МИИТ Гашков Алексей Иванович. Руководитель проекта: Чернова Антонина Александровна. THE CONTENT 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Introduction Early Years Fabian Society The Writing Life Begins The Dramatist The Literary Giant The reasons I have chosen this topic References George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) George Bernard Shaw was an Irish dramatist, literary critic, socialist propagandist, the Oscarwinner for the film adaptation of his most popular play, Pygmalion, and a winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925. His books are translated into many languages and a lot of films have been made after his novels. Early Years The playwright George Bernard Shaw was born in Dublin, Ireland, on 26 July in 1856. Being the third and youngest child, Shaw took his early education from his uncle. He was a clerical worker. Shaw's birthplace (2012 photograph). Early Years Soon his mother became close to George John Lee. He was an accomplished musician and the Shaw’s house became full of music. Lee's students often gave him books, thus he gained musical knowledge. Shaw often visited the National Gallery of Ireland exploring the worlds of the arts (music, art, literature). Early Years In 1872 Shaw's mother with Shaw's two sisters moved to London. Four years later Shaw went to London too. He decided to become a writer. Shaw struggled financially, and his mother supported him while he spent time in the British Museum reading room, working on his first novels. Fabian Society Unfortunately, his novels were widely rejected by publishers. Shaw soon turned his attention to politics and the activities of the British intelligentsia. He joined the Fabian Society in 1884. Fabian Society The Fabian Society was a socialist group and Shaw became an active member of it. He even edited a famous tract Fabian Essays in Socialism in 1889. The Writing Life Begins The year after he joined the Fabian Society, Shaw published some writing work in the form of book reviews and art, music and theater criticism. That was the point that Shaw began writing works of his own. The Dramatist Shaw's first plays were published in volumes titled "Plays Unpleasant" (containing Widowers' Houses, The Philanderer and Mrs. Warren's Profession) and "Plays Pleasant" (which had Arms and the Man, Candida, The Man of Destiny and You Never Can Tell). The Dramatist Show’s plays were filled with sparkling wit, and healthy social criticism. Though these plays were not those for which he had high regard, but they laid the groundwork for the outstanding career as a writer. The Literary Giant At the end of the 19th century, Bernard Shaw wrote remarkable plays Caesar and Cleopatra (1898), Man and Superman(1903), whose third act, "Don Juan in Hell," was so great that nowadays is often staged as a separate play. The plays written after Man and Superman became a foundation in his literary work. The Literary Giant The works such as Major Barbara (1905), The Doctor's Dilemma (1906), Androcles and the Lion (1912) and Saint Joan (1923) were very popular. The Literary Giant Pygmalion is one of Show’s most popular and success plays. The idea of the play originates from an ancient myth. Pygmalion, a sculptor, created a statue of beautiful girl Galatea. He fell in love with her. He began to pray to Aphrodite to breathe life into the statue. The goddess made the statue live, and Pygmalion married Galatea. The Literary Giant Pygmalion in Shaw’s play is Mr. Higgins a pedantic British linguist who turns a flower girl into a lady. Pygmalion was adapted into a musical and became a hit, first on the Broadway stage (1956) with Rex Harrison and Julie Andrews, and later on the screen (1964) with Harrison and Audrey Hepburn. The reasons I have chosen this topic It’s a well-known fact that reading foreign literature helps people to learn more about the life of people in other countries, their traditions and customs. I like the play Pygmalion and I was happy when I was asked to take part in the performance to mark the 160th anniversary of Show’s birth. I will be a compere. References 1. 2. 3. Шоу Джордж Бернард (George Bernard Shaw) Элект. текствые дан. - режим доступа: http://chtobypomnili.com/page.php?id=693с - свободный. Биография Шоу Джорджа Бернарда Элект. текствые дан. - режим доступа: http://www.biografguru.ru/about/shou/?q=893 -свободный. Джордж Бернард Шоу George Bernard Shaw Элект. текствые дан. - режим доступа: http://www.peoples.ru/art/theatre/dramatist/shaw/ свободный.