ГБОУ СПО «Краснодарский Политехнический Техникум» КК Мусаева Анастасия Олеговна Специальность: Дизайн, 3 курс Руководитель: Шелуха Ольга Ильинична Номинация: Виртуальное путешествие Table of contents: 1. Introduction. 2. The History of Centralia. 3. Mine fire. 4. Centralia today. 5. Popular culture. 6. Conclusion. 7. The material used. 1. Introduction In the world there are millions of big and small cities. They may be metropolitan and provincial, industrial and with big cultural heritage. But there is an unusual town where only 7 people live. This town is called Centralia, it is located in the State of Pennsylvania, the USA. 2. History The founder of the town is Alexander Ria. He arrived to this district, and began projecting streets and squares, but he was unfortunately killed in 1868. The infrastructure of the town was rather developed and included seven churches, five hotels, twenty seven saloons, two theaters, a bank, a post office and fourteen manufactured goods and grocery stores. Throughout the most part of the history of this town while the coal industry functioned, the population was more than 2 000 inhabitants. About 500-600 more people lived in suburbs, in close proximity to Centralia. In 1866 Centralia received the status of the town. Through the town passed two railways "Philadelphia and Reading" and "The Lehigh Valley". "The Lehigh Valley" was the main railway carrier. But in 1966 railway communication was stopped. 3. Mine fire In May, 1962, the town Council of Centralia employed five volunteer firefighters for cleaning of the city garbage dump located near open mine. The firefighters set fire to garbage heaps, and then extinguished. But fire up to the end wasn't put out and, eventually, the fire extended through an opening in mine on other thrown coal mines near Centralia. Attempts to extinguish fire were unsuccessful. Over time people started complaining of the deterioration of health provoked by release of carbon monoxide. In 1979 locals understood the true scale of a problem and began to leave the town. In 2002 the Post Service of the USA cancelled the postal index of the town - 17927. But some families decided to remain in Centralia despite preventions of the governments. 4. Popular culture Centralia is not forgotten. The American television had made the documentary films The Town That Was (in 2007), and Pennsylvania's Lost Town - premiere will be in summer or fall of 2016. 5. Centralia today Today the town looks as a meadow with several streets laid through it. The most part of the town is covered with thickets. The only Church of Saint Virgin Mary which remained in the town weekly on Saturday holds service. In the town there are four cemeteries. 6. Conclusion Mine fire still burns, and it will proceed till the uncertain moment in the future. Any attempts to extinguish fire isn't made. There is enough coal that this fire will last within 250 years. It is expected that the most part of former inhabitants will return in 2016 to open time capsule buried in 1966 near a memorial. My opinion Now you know about such amazing ghost town as Centralia. I don't know is it correct that people still live there. Though all of us know the answer that it isn't good for health, but on the other hand devotion of these people to their houses admires. We will hope that this awful event wills soon end, and those people who forcedly left the houses will be able to return and start everything again. Thank you very much for your attention! Справочные материалы 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centralia,_Pennsylvania Электронный ресурс Wikipedia, бесплатная энциклопедия.