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Фёдор Тяпко ОЗЖТ Орехово-Зуево

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ИЗОБРАЗИТЕЛЬНОЕ ИСКУССТВО В ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНИИ
«ГБПОУ МО Орехово-Зуевский железнодорожный
техникум им. Бондаренко»
Выполнил студент группы 141,
2-го курса Тяпко Федор
Сергеевич. Отделение СПО
«Техническая эксплуатация
подвижного состава»
ФИО руководителя проекта Морозова
Людмила Александровна
PLAN
1. Introduction
2. Peter Lely
3. Thomas Gainsborough
4. William Hogarth
5. John Constable
6. Joseph Turner
7. Peter Blake
8. Alfred Sisley
9. Conclusion
10. Literature
Introduction
Hippocrates said: “Life is short, art is
timeless”.
Our life seems to be impossible without
art. Art is one of the best ways to express
what we see around us. There are many
art works by famous artists which are
kept in London at the British Museum,
National Gallery, Tate Gallery and some
other world-famous museums.
All painters try to express their feelings
and emotions in their paintings. Styles of
painting are different. They have changed
over the centuries.
Some of the latest styles are modernism,
impressionism, surrealism, pop art and
others.
My aim is to tell about unknown and
well-known artists and their works.
Peter Lely (1618-1680)
Peter Lely (Pieter van der Faes) studied
painting in Haarlem. He arrived in
England in 1640-s. He signed his
pictures the surname “Lely”. After the
English Restoration, Lely was
appointed as a court painter of the
English king Charles II. Lely
specialized in portraiture. He painted in
baroque style.
Among his most famous paintings are 10 portraits
of ladies from the Royal court, known as the
“Windsor Beauties”.
In his pictures he didn’t convey emotions and
mood depicting people because women wanted to
be very much alike king’s favourites. Lely used
subtle colouring painting woman’s dress
combining form and colour as unity. Lely had
outstanding gift of colourist.
THOMAS
GAINSBOROUH
Thomas Gainsborough was a master of
English school of painting. He was
born in 1727 in Sudbury. Gainsborough
learned to paint by observing the actual
world. Gainsborough always
thought of himself as a landscape
painter.
His achievement lay in the discovery of
the beauty of his native landscape.
But he had the necessity to paint
portraits in order to earn his living.
Thomas Gainsborough was the first British
painter who painted British native countryside.
His works, painted in clear and transparent
tones, had a considerable influence on the
artists of the English school.
He was the first to introduce lyrical freedom
into British painting.
He deeply felt what he wanted to express and
his brush transferred these feelings to the
canvas.
Thomas Gainsborough died in1788.
William Hogarth (1697- 1764)
He was the first man to
raise British pictorial art to a level
of importance. He was born in
London. His father was a
schoolmaster. His early taste for
drawing was remarkable.
His success he attributed to hard
labour. The soft and delicate colours
are dominated in his pictures.
I’d like to tell about his picture
“The Marriage Contract”. It is the
first of the series of his pictures
forming the famous ‘marriage a la
mode’.
Both fathers in the picture are
seated to the right. One, an Earl,
with points pride to his family
tree; the other, probably an
alderman of the City of London,
examines the marriage settlement.
The Earl’s son admires himself in
the looking-glass; the alderman’s
daughter trifles with her wedding
ring and listens to the
compliments of a young lawyer. I
like this picture because it reveals
the person’s nature.
The subject of the picture is a
protest against marriage for
money and vanity.
John Constable (1776-1835)
John Constable, one of the greatest
landscape painters, was born in Sufford,
in1776. He was the son of a wealthy miller.
In 1799 Constable entered the Royal
Academy School in London. He was the
first landscape painter who considered that
every painter should make his sketches
direct from nature, that is, working in the
open air. Constable was a realist.
Constable was a singer of the sky
and clouds. He put into his
landscape cattle, horses, the people
working there. He put the smiling
meadows, the sparkle of the sun on
rain, or the stormy and uncertain
clouds. The most distinguished
works of Constable are «Flatford
Mill», «The White Horse», «The Hay
Wain», «Waterloo Bridge» and
others. Constable may truly be
considered the father of modern
landscape painting.
Joseph Turner (1775-1851)
Joseph Turner, the greatest English
romantic landscape painter. His watercolours were exhibited at the Royal
Academy. Turner was the master of the air
and wind, rain and sunshine, horison, ships
and sea. He dissolved the forms of his
landscape in the play of light and shade.
During his life Turner painted
some hundreds of paintings and
some thousands of watercolours
and drawings.
Look at the pictures. Everything is
combined into harmonious
unity. You can see how the artist
used the light and shade effects.
Turner willed his collection of
paintings and drawings to the
nation.
Peter Blake (1932)
The modern period in British art may
be said to date from the year 1910,
when the first Post-Impressionist
Exhibition was held in London.
Such modern painters as Peter Blake,
Allan Jones and some others seek an
image of
immediate popular appeal (for
example “London – Piccadily Circus” ,
“Alice in Wanderland”.
Alfred Sisley
(1839-1899)
Sisley was born in Paris. At the age of 18,
Sisley was sent to London to study for a
career in business. In 1862 he acquainted
with Monet and Renoir. Together they
would paint landscapes in the open air in
order to realistically capture the transient
effects of sunlight.
This approach innovative at the time
resulted in paintings more colorful and
more broadly painted than the public was
accustomed to see.
No artistic period has been as commented
or discussed as impressionism.
Sisley's name may not come immediately
to mind as one of the leading
impressionists, but his charming
landscapes make his work easily
identifiable as part of the movement.
Sisley's paintings always demonstrated an
orthodox approach to early impressionism.
CONCLUSION
In my opinion, paintings can say a lot about the artist and his
views on life.
I can say that art is very important for people.
Arts can express: pain, joy, anxiety, admiration.
Art is a soul of people.
It is a wonderful world.
LITERATURE
“Dresden art gallery” – 14th Russian edition, Dresden, 1977.
Electronic resourses
Websites:
Wikipedia, free encyclopedia
Famous English Artists EnglishWell. org
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