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Ямайка - виртуальное путешествие

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Нижнетагильский машиностроительный техникум (НТМТ ФСПО
УГТУ-УПИ)
Выполнил: студент группы ТО-24902
Мухачев Вячеслав Дмитриевич
Факультет: Специальные машины и
устройства (СМУ) 2 курс
Руководитель проекта: преподаватель
английского языка Егорова Светлана
Викторовна
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Geographical position
Relief
Climate
Nature
Major rivers
The most important cities
Kingston
Port-Mor
Spanish-Town
Montego-Bay
History
Government
Administrative division
The population
• An island nation with in the
British Commonwealth in the
West-Indies. In the North-West
it borders with territorial waters
of Cuba in the East- with
territorial waters of Haiti, in the
South - with territorial waters
of Colombia. Jamaica is the
fifth-largest island country in
the Caribbean.
• Jamaica is third largest
island in the group of the
greater Antilles.
• The nearest point of the
continent — Cape Graciasa-Dios (Nicaragua).
• The length of the coastline
is 1022 km.
• In the South-West is a coral
reef, the total area is more
than 8000 km^2.
• Most of the territory (about
2/3) of Jamaica is a limestone
plateau with a height of 5001000 m, sometimes higher.
• In the Eastern part of the
island there are the blue
mountains, where is the
highest point of the country
— the mountain, named"
blue mountain’’(2256 m).
• In the South-West is mount
Malvern (725 m), and in the
Western part of the mountain
is Dolphin head (545 m).
• Jamaica’s climate is tropical, which is influenced
by the trade winds. The temperature during the
year varies slightly, the average values of January
are 24-25° C, July 26-27° C.
• Rainfall is seasonal in nature and are particularly
intense in May and October, although in the
summer months, thunderstorms with heavy rains.
• Jamaica lies in the hurricane belt of the Atlantic
Ocean and because of this, the island sometimes
suffers significant storm damage.
• The forests’ area is about 194 thousand ha
(1/5 of the total area).
• The most common tree- silk-cotton tree.
• On the island there are more than 3000
species of flowering plants, including 200
species of orchids and hibiscus, sabdariffa.
• The fauna of Jamaica is relatively poor:
birds, rodents, rabbits, reptiles and 20
species of bats.
• Beautiful and exotic birds, such as
the Jamaican tody and the doctor bird (the
national bird).
• One species of freshwater turtle is native to
Jamaica, the Jamaican slider. It is found only
on Jamaica, Cat Island, and a few other
islands in the Bahamas.
• Water resources — 9,4 km^3 .
The longest-longest — river Minho
(93 km), flowing from the
mountains Dry-harbour in Carlisle
Bay.
• The Black River is one of the
longest rivers in Jamaica. The
Black river in the Western part of
and Rio Cobra close to Kingston,
have a length of over 50 km.
• The only river flowing not in
Northern or southern directions —
Plantain- garden in the East of the
island.
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4.
Kingston (the capital)
Spanish-Town
Portmore
Montego-Bay
• The capital and chief port of
Jamaica. The city is located on the
Caribbean sea. About 580
thousand inhabitants.
• Situated in a natural Harbor
protected by the long and narrow
Strait Palisades.
• Kingston is the largest Englishspeaking city in the Caribbean
region.
• Center for sewing and food
industries.
• It was founded in 1693 by the
United Kingdom.
• The city on the southern coast
of the island of Jamaica in the
parish of Santa Catherina, in
the south-east of Kingston.
• Population - 170 thousand
people (3rd place in the
country).
• The city began to be built in
the 1960s.
• Portmore is located on the
plain adjacent to the Bay
Kingdom.
• The system of channels
prevents it from flooding.
• The largest city and the
administrative center of the
district Sainte-Catherine.
• Located in the southeastern
part of Jamaica, and a half
dozen kilometers west of the
capital - the city of Kingston.
• In the XVI-XIX centuries was
Spanish and English capital of
Jamaica
• The city has numerous
monuments, national archives,
as well as the oldest Anglican
churches outside of England.
• The fourth largest city of Jamaica.
• Located in the north -east of the
country in the neighborhood of St.
James, and is its administrative
center.
• Located at the confluence of the
sea of the river Montego.
• The name of the city is thought to
occur from the distorted Spanish
word manteca (lard) because from
the port during the Spanish rule
was exported lard, leather and
beef.
• The island was discovered by
Christopher Columbus in 1494.
• The first settlement on the island the
Spaniards had founded in 1509.
• Jamaica was declared a British colony
in 1670.
• Industry of Jamaica produced raw sugar,
molasses-molasses and the famous
Jamaican rum.
• The liberation of black slaves in 1833
greatly undermined the plantation in
Jamaica.
• In August 1962, Britain granted Jamaica
its independence.
• Until 1962, Jamaica was a British
possession, 6 August 1962 became
an independent state.
• The country presents itself a
Kingdom.
• Royal authority is exercised in the
form of a constitutional monarchy.
The head of state is the British
monarch.
• The Governor-General signs all the
bills and appoints the Prime Minister.
• Legislative power — bicameral
Parliament consists of two chambers:
the Senate , the House of
Representatives.
• Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes (counties), which are located in
three historic counties.
Cornwall County
Capital
km2
Middlesex County
450
6
Clarendon
May Pen
1,212
7
Manchester
Mandeville
1
Hanover
Lucea
2
Saint Elizabeth
Black River
3
Saint James
Montego Bay
595
8
Saint Ann
4
Trelawny
Falmouth
875
9
5
Westmoreland
Savanna-la-Mar
807
10
Capital
km2
Surrey County
Capital
km2
1,196
11
Kingston
Kingston
25
830
12
Portland
Port Antonio
814
St. Ann's Bay
1,213
13
Saint Andrew
Half Way Tree
453
Saint Catherine
Spanish Town
1,192
14
Saint Thomas
Morant Bay
743
Saint Mary
Port Maria
611
Languages: the main spoken language is Jamaican Creole ("patois") on the
basis of English, the official language is standard English.
Working on this presentation I learned how beautiful Jamaica. This country is
very rich in its flora and fauna. In Jamaica, tourism is very much developed.
Many beautiful cities. I will definitely visit this island.
• Энциклопедия Вокруг Света: Ямайка
(http://www.vokrugsveta.ru/encyclopedia/index.ph)
• Ямайка. Энциклопедия «Кругосвет»
(http://www.krugosvet.ru/enc/strany_mira/YAMAKA.html)
• История Ямайки. (http://www.jamaicavision.narod.ru/information/history.html)
• Крупные города Ямайки.
(http://geographyofrussia.com/krupnye-goroda-yamajki/)
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